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From the Hwald Fliigel Library 



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Secretory of the CamhridgB AnHquarian Society, 

VOL. I. 




21 9526 

Wri|(ht, Printer, 
12, Fulwood'g lUnti, Holboni. 



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Secretory of the Cambridge ArUiquarian Society, 

VOL. T. 




2\ 9526 

Wri|(ht, Printtf, 
la, FUlwood'i RcnU, Holbonu 






beyond the first volume, which was the limit originally in- 
tended. On their parts no exertions will be spared to render 
the work still more worthy of the encouragement it has 

It is only necessary to add that the sole aim of the Editors 
has been to render materials available to others, and on this 
account they have carefully avoided any lengthened notes or 
comments on the documents here printed. They again call the 
attention of those who take interest in these subjects to this 
plan, and earnestly invite their aid. In the course of the 
present volume they have been materially assisted by the 
communications of Sir Henry EUis, Sir Frederick Madden, 
the Rev. Joseph Hunter, W. B. D. D. Tumbull, Esq., John 
Bruce, Esq., the Rev. J. J. Smith, S. Charles, Esq., G. J. 
Aungier, Elsq., E. H. Hunter, Esq., and others : to these 
gentlemen they beg to return their best acknowledgments. 

Dec. 30/A, 1840. 




From the University Libraiy HS» Ff. 6, 48, Art, 23, written uu 
pftper, about the bcgiiiBtrig of the li^th centoiy. There is perhaps no 
part of popular saperstltioti no curious ra the worship oP welli, of 
which many traces remain even to the present day, of which this 
song U & remarkable illustration, Tlie fairs, or waketj in oar country 
^lagef » often originated from the ciLstom of ** waking the welL" 

I have foTSworne hit whil I life, to wake tlie well. 

The last tyme I the wel woke, 

Sir John caght me with a croke, 

He made me to swere be bel and boke 

I shuld not lell 
3et he did me a wel wors turne. 
He leyde my hed agayn the burne. 
He gafe my maydeix-hed a spurne. 

And refe my beiJ. 

Sir John caine to oure hows to play, 
Fro evensong tyme til light of the day ; 
We made as mery as flowres in May, 
I was begyled. 

Sir John he came to our hows, 
He made hit wonder copious, 
He seyd tlrnt I was gracious 

* To beyre a child. 
I go with cliilde, wel I wot, 
I schtew the fedcr that hit gate, 
<^'With-owten he fynde hit mylke and pape, 
A long while ey\ 

i^mqut^ ANTIQUE. 


From ToLbi^'* College Uhmrjp MS. R, 3,19, containtng Poemt 
chieflj by^iijtlgate and ChauceTi writteD in the reign of Henry VI. 
on pap^r>.. ' 

'Men may leve all gamys, 
..'j'.^That say leu to Seynt Jamys ; 
**\l Ffor many a man hit gramys, 
•>• When they begyn to sayle. 

Ffor when they have take the see. 
At Sandwyche, or at Wynchylsee, 
At Brystow, or where that hit bee, 

Theyr herts begyn to fayle. 

Anone the mastyr commauodeth fast 
To hys sliyp-men in all the hast» 
To dresse hem sone about the mast^ 

Theyr takelyng to make. 

With " howe ! hissa V* then they cry, 
" What, howe! mate, thow stondyst to ny» 
Thy felow may nat hale the by;" 

Thus they begyn to crake. 

A boy or tweyn anone up-styen, 

And overthwart the sayle-yerde lyen ;-^ 

" Y how ! taylia !'" the remenaunt cryen, 

And pull with ail theyr myght. 

" Bestowe the boote, bote-swayne, anon, 
That our pylgryros ma>^ pley thereon ; 
For sorn ar lyke to cowgh and grone, 

Or hit be' full mydnyght.*' 

" Hale the bowelyne! now, vere the shete! — 
Cooke, make redy anoon our mete, 
Our pylgryms have no lust to ete, 

I pray God yeve hem rest/* 

" Go to the helm ! what, howe ! no nere ? 
Steward, felow I a pot of here!*' 
" Ye shall have, sir, with good chere, 
Anone all of the best." 

** Y howe ! trussa ! hale in the brayles I 
Thow halyst nat, be God, thow fayles, 
O se howe well owre good shyp sayles!' 
And thus they say among. 


" Hale in the wartake !" " Hit shal be done/' 
•* Steward ! cover the boorde anone^ 
And set bred and salt thereone, 

And tarry nat to long.** 

Then cometh oone and seyth, " be mery ; 
Ye shall have a stonne or a pery," 
** Holde thow thy pese ! thow canst no wherVi 
Thow medlyst wondyr sore, 

Thys mene whyle the pjlgryms ly. 
And have theyr bowlys fast theym by. 
And cry aft^T bote malvesy, 

'* Thow he!pe for to restore/* 
And mm wold have a saltyd tost, 
Ffor they mvght ete neyther sode ne rost ; 
A man myght Bone pay for theyr cost, 

As for 00 day or twayne. 

Som layde theyr bookys on the)rr kne. 
And rad so long they myght nat se ;— 
'* Alias ! myne hede woll cleve on thre !" 

Thus seyth another certayne. 

Then commeth owre owner lyke a lorde. 
And speketh many a royall w^ordc. 
And dresseth h^m to the hygh borde, 
To see all thyng be well. 

Anone he calleth a carpentere, 

And byddyth hym bryng with hym hys gere, 

To make tne cabans here and there, 

With many a febyll ceU, 

A »ak of strawe were there ryght good, 
Ffor som must lyg theym in theyr hood ; 
I had as lefe be in the wood, 

Without mete or drjoik* 

For when that we shall go to bedde, 
The pumpe was nygh our bedde hede, 
A man were as good to be dede 

As smell therof the stynk. 


He that wyll in Eschepe ete a goose so fat, 

With harpe, pj^e, and song ; 
He must slepe in Newgate on a mat, 

Be the nyght never so long. 

Secundum Arisiotelem, 



From the Univenity libnury, US. Ee. 1^ 12^ containing an 
English metrical Terslon of the PMOms, mM in the MS. to have 
been written in A. D. IMS, on vdhiiBy hot the MS. Itaelf eiridently 
belongs to the 15th century. 

The fals fox camme unto owre crofts 
And so oure gese ful fast he sought ; 

With, how, fox, how, with hey, fox, hey; 

Comme no more unto oure howse to here oure gese 
The fals fox camme unto oure stye, [aweye. 

And toke oure gese there by and by ; 
With how, etc. 

The fals fox camme into oure yerde, 
And there he made the gese aferde ; 
With how, etc. 

The fals fox camme unto oure gate, 
And toke oure gese there where they sate ; 
With how, fox, etc. 

The fals foxe camme to owre halle dore ; 
And shrove oure gese there in the flore ; 
With how, fox, etc. 

The fals fox camme into oure halle. 
And assoyled oure gese both grete and small ; 
With how, fox, etc. 

The fals fox camme unto oure cowpe, 
And there he made our gese to stowpe ; 
With how, fox, etc. 

Ho toke a gose fast by the nek, 
And the goose thoo begann to quek ; 

With how, fox, etc. 

The good wyfe camme out in her smok, 
And at the fox she threw hit rok ; 

With how, fox, etc. 

The good mann camme out with his flayle, 
And smote the fox upon the tayle ; 

With how, fox, etc. 

He threw a gose upon his bak. 
And furth he went thoo with his pak ; 
With how, etc. 


The goodmann swore, yf that he tnyght. 
He wolde hym slee or it were nygfit, 

With hoWi fox, etc. 

The fals fox went into his denne, 
And there he was full mery thenne ; 

With how, fox, etc. 

He camme ayene yet the next wek, 
And toke awey both henne and chek; 
With how, fox, etc. 

The goodman saide unto his wyfe, 
This fals fox lyveth a mery lyfc ; 

With how, fox, etc. 

The fals fcx camme uponn a day, 
And with oure gese he made a ffray. 

With how, fox, how, etc, 

He toke a goose fast by the nek, 
And made her to sey wheccumquek, 

With how, etc- 

" I pray the, fox, " said the goose thoo, 
" Take of my fethers but not of ray to." 

With how, etc, 

Tbeie two iMt llii€« are much defhced in the MS. and have been 
added by another hand, possibly becauB« tbey were originalJj carried 
up to the uflxt leaf, and then defaced to make way for something else. 



Fltom M8* Cotton. Ve^paa. B, xiii, fol. 123. ro. written alK>ut the 
middle of the thlrteeath centary, in England. 

Italici qu£e non sacra stmt et quse sacra vendunt; 
AHobrogas de perfidia cuncti reprchendunt ; 
Teuthonici \ix Catholici, nuUius amici ; 
Gens, tibi, Flandrena, cibus est et potos arena ; 
Gens Nonnannigena fragili nutritur avena, 
Subdola, ventosa, mendax, levis, invidiosa ; 
Vincere mos est Francigeni«i, nee sponte nocei c , 
Prodere dos Normannigenis belloque pavere ; 
Alvernus cantat, Brito notat, Anglia polar. 





Middle Eagliftb glosies, ftelected ftom a verba] commentary on the Latiu 
Minal and liber FeetivallB of the RomUh Church. The MS. preflerred id 
the ooUecUon of J.0« HaUlwell. Esq* (MS. Hal. No. 210), appears to have 
been written In the latter half of the 14th century, and many of the wordfl 

are explained in English. 

merenda, nonemete, (foL l,v**) 

obsomum, a wakemete, 

titubare, to wagge, (2, v**) 

cespitare, to stumble. 

vibrare, to schake, 

nuiare, to stoupe. 

vacillare, to wagge, sicut navij^ 
in aqua, 

vallum est inter murum et 
fossam^ a paale. (5, r**) 

vallis, a waley. 

trituro, to thresche. (6, v°) 

differe pauKsper vinum quo 
modes f defye the wyn of the 
wheche thou art dronken, 
and wexist sobre, (8, r**) 

linum, flex- 

li^num, wode, 

timpanum, a tabor, (8, v**) 

presto, I am redy. 

nuditisiertiuSj thre dayesgone. 

naleSf the bottokes. (9, r**) 

acciditf bapputhe. 

u^corrfta, cowardnes. (10, v*) 

menium, the chyne. 

funda, a sclynge, 

alioquint ellis. (11, r**) 

cavella^ a wege. 

compelli, to be constreyned. 

investigate, to spare. 

panissu^'^^cnfoj therfbreed. 

ampli/.tus, y-put to, (12, v*') 

frtUex, undirdowyng. 
benignus in loquela, goode to 

speke with. 
Conor -arts, strengthe. 
mitigo, to swage. (13, r*) 
torques, a pillyre, 
sulais, a forow. (13, v**) 
rusiicatio, boystesnes* 
litigo, to stryve. 
pusillanimus, of a nele wylle. 
discipulatusj a discipylhod. 

(14, r") 
marceo, to welke, sicut flores. 
marcidus, welked, 
emerceo, to wex drie and wel- 

capra argrestis, a ivy Id gote, 
turbo, the qwyrlewynde. 
cacabus, a panne. [( 14, v*) 
contumax, sturdie. (15, r*) 
excidiit he we* 
tinea, amowthe, (15, v*) 
caUiditas, a queyntyse or 

sly the. 
cirpus, a rusche. (16, r^) 
arrogans, to boRtere, 
incus, anvelt. (16, v**) 
relegare, to exilen. (17, r^) 
adjurare, to othe. 
lento gradu, softe goynge. 
inquietudo, unreste, (19, r) 
qltsides, presoners, or a thiug 
thati^laydeto wedde. (19, v*) 


phioia, a cruet. 

paulus, I. Indus, a marrys, or a 

myere. (21, v") 
iolius, a launde, 
tartaffo, a friyngpanne. 
penso, to thenke. (23, r**) 
iniermtx, withinnen. 
compleTus, foldon to-gidere. 
invito, to bydde. 
devit4?, to scheuen or eschuen* 
minjimus, a1d\Tlowest, (23, v**) 
r cmUius, queyntlyer, 
circumvailabunt, be-segen 

abowtyne. (24, r**) 
perjide, of mysbeleve. 
recenfa micni hunc dphuftij 

tyace this cuppe, (27, v**) 
hirundo, a swalow. (28, r**) 
hirudo, a watere leche. 
arundo^ a rede, 
^vomere, aschare. 
falx, a sikyl or a si the, 
Vr<3, a snare. (34, v**) 
\ilar, a pressure. (36, \*^) 
tcurra, a harlotte. (37. v**) 
sctirriiitaSf a harlotr3'e. 
servitus, servage. 
[nummularivs, a changeour 

(40, r») 
\aheolumt a trouht, (42, r*) 
nnsOf to knede pas tarn. 
■ y, thekke, (42, v°) 
re, to chyde. (43, r*) 
\ cerium, a pjarlounde, 
\mndOf sendel, (45, v**) 
fcancitaverunt turbam, stirrj d 

the folke, 
cribrum, a c)^ e. (46, r**) 
pehis, a bac>Tie. (46, v**) 
,iav€terum, a lavour. 

iiluculum, the morow-tyde. 
^faXt a brooTide of fyere. 
contextust y-woven. (47, v**) 
bis^us, qwite silke. )48, r**) 
linum, lyne. 

tro«/i/mfl^m, a sturdynesse. 
(48, V-) 

spina, athorneorarigge-bone, 
cervus, an herte. (49, r**) 
fermenhim, i. pasta amara, 

sour-dogh. (49, v**) 
deiraho, to bakbite. (50, v*») 
comisceo, to menge. (51, r*) 
comissura, a mengynge. 
utres, botelk. 
collateraleSf costrelk. fde cute 

die litres, de ligno coUa- 

hricGj a habergeon, 
galea, a helme. 
liltts, brynke of the see. (52, \ •) 
parasitus, a gloton. (54, v**) 
adipatum est quodlihet edulum 

adipe inpingualumt brow- 

eMcaciter, spedfully, (56, r**) 
uppus, bler*yed. 
lusctis, one-yede. 
vas cum quo seminatores se- 

minant, a sedelepe or a ho- 

pere. (58, r*») 
vas in quo pinsiiur pasta, a 

cowele or a sake. 
talentum, a besaunte. (58, v*^) 
numismat the coy ne of therene. 
squama t a scale or a pile. 

(60 \^) 
Jusjnrandum, a othe unswore. 

(64. v°) 
mola, a grynstone. (65, r°) 
ventagile, a wj^ndraylne. 
taxus, a brokke. (67, r**) 
taxus, ewe, 

discordia, contake. (67, \*') 
monile, a troche. (69, r*) 
sorSj a ku^or a lotte. ( 72, v^)_ 
excessus, out passynge. 
camus^quoddam instrumen tit th 

qitoequiper labia coguntuv 

domite stare, barnakyls. 
lubricum, slidere. 
gratis, selfwylly.i. sine cau8a, 
exprobrare, to a-breydt, 
inops, nedful. 

^^^K ' 9 RELiaU t^ 


^^^ egenus, pore. 

affigi, y-stikyd to. ^^^H 

^M molesius, angri, 

trudit to be schetyn. ^H 

H euge, euge, scornynge. 

eculium, galows. 1 

^B confusio, scham. 

crebrescendbtis, waxyng 1 

^M revereniiay drede. 

acsi, aste. [thikke. j 

H disperire, to n^yscari e. (73, r° ) 

foriassis, happylyche. 

^1 molas, tu^kes. (73, v**) 

cieisj a burgeys. (79, r*) 

^m sialera, a balaunce. (74, r°) 

assiduitalet a bysynes. 

H scruior, to ransake. 

probiias, prowes* 

^H pallor, a palnesse* 

assolet, is wont. 

^H prodigiumt a marvel. 

limina, thresschefolde. 

^1 confusi, schamede. 

stropha, a sleyghte. 

^B- caiumpnior, a chalanger. 


H secuns, an axe, (74, v**) 

pr^silire, to passe forthe* 

Hr ascta, a dyse. 

fulmiSf bloo. 

^^^ it> acuium, a twybille. 

tisie gradum, abide thor at 

^^B 7nansii£tuSf stylle. 

caUiditate^ be sleytli or btf a 

^^H ezercUaius mm, I am usyde. 

^^H scopare, to swepe. 


^^^ mna, a paddoke. 

valva, a wyket. (80, r**) ^ 

^H nisiqxda, bot for qwhi, (76, r^) 

dolopes, dussipcres, ^H 
poptes, the ham of the leg. ^^ 

^1 herenaciust an urchone, (76,r°) 

^B conturnixt a corlu. 

cerviceni, tliccopoftliehevede.^J^ 

^H transgrediens, trispassyng. 

limaies, anoy mentis. ^M 

■ ... . 09' '*^°) 

exmmvmiim, aboven. ^M 

^H nulla auri et argenti, milyons 

ignari, nollie wytynge, ^H 

^H ofgoldc andofsilvere.(77,T°) 

insecuiiis, nexst suy ng. (80, v**)^^ 

^M illuCf thedirv^arde. 

decidii, fel don* j 

^M forsiian, peraventure. 

atientim, bysyliere. J 

^B tor r ens, a storm e. 

meatus t a goyn-owte. ^J 

^^ novellcp, ymps, qtise crescunt 

diJ^cuUas, slej) gilt. 4^1 

^^^. de radicibus arborum vet 

apparatus, aparaelyng. ^^ 

^^^ft. arboribus iaserimtur. 

com«*, an erle. (81, v^) 

^^^^ minus pTovectuSf noht borne up 

comiiatuSj a schyre. 

^m be conynge, (78. t°) 

sinceriier, derliche. (82, r**) 

^1 nodosarum dicHonma^ olubid 

tenaciter, holdynglyche, ^H 

^1 wordis. 

sanitaSf hoolness. ^M 

^1 patibulum, a gibet. 

ptdsaiusj pute awaye. ^M 

^H prtsses, a meyre. 

pr{sdia, maners. (82, \**) ^^ 

^H tWant^, wode. 

lixinum, lye, cum quo vestes ' 

^B audacia, hardines. 

lavantnr. (83, r°) 

^B excluderet, schwlde scheten 

in foro venali, m the saale ^J 

^B owte. 

market •iflj 

^B extmderet, schulde spredyn 

evemi, happid. (84, r*) *^| 

H oute. 

proalla, a porche. . ^| 

H /a%a/ujf, y-made wery.(78,v**) 

caminus, a chymnei. ^H 



fornax, a fomayse. 
mdrumenfum ad hauriendam 
aquani in iroclea^ a wyndas, 

, ^raculum, qmdam luduspuer' 

orum, a spilquerene. 
ntitht a Ijoket. 
insilus, y[m3pyt to* (85, r**) 

cesferreat^ barris of yrene. 
jicus^ tregetowrs, s, falsus, 

f / hioriits. 

4^ ..(85,v*) 

^taa cTibmnus, cribiUbrede* 
jylmcula^ a blayne. 
indies, fro day to day* (86, v**) 
hlandinientum, a flateryuge, 

or a gbsyng. 
nngulust i. unus per se, sun- 

deriy, (87, r^) 
vadum, a fort he. 
obsei, a borow. 
irUererat, it be-fallys, 
moUescere, to wax nesclie, 
insiiuSj yrapyd. (87, v*) 
9urreptio, a nowndir crepynge. 
recusatu3, forsakyng* (88» r^) 
$ubarro, L latcnter dat'e, to Jef 

privy ly eemys, (89, v*) 
dexlrotirium, a by of golde an- 

ornyng the ryght arme. 
ialidtudo, a bysy nesse. (90, v**) 


lo. (91, v^) 

crept/anSt sparkiyng. 
quadragena, a qwyppe. 

irmatus, growne with-inne, 

(91, y^ 

pedissequat a fote-mayden* 
blandiens, glosyng, [(92, r**) 
inolevif, clefe to, or ?ef entent. 

(92, v^) 
iempus maiia^m, i* opofiiJtr 

nuTtii conabiL 
tempore congruo^ conabil tj^me. 
€^:3i^ as thei. 
ijiieg ntast hoi nesse, 
cervjfif i, quidamliquor^^vfhey, 
fuhusMo. (93, V*) [(93,r*») 
vuha (^vetUrisJ, a wyket. 
connieviii was wonte. (94, r**) 
gregatim, flokynglyche, 
agresiis, wylde. 
aselhis sternituTt i. insellaiur, 

y-sadeld, vel herneyseyd. 
insensatuSf wytlese. 
pecteii, a coraebe* 
cataracta^ a catarac of the 

ethere, i. via subterranea* 
parentela, kynred, (94, v**) 
excidi^ kyt-away. 
acrioi\ bitterrer. (95, r**) 
volidare, to weltyr, 
irisertust ympyd in to. (95, v**) 
querulare^ to playne. 
toloneum, a tolbothe, (96, v**) 
faUgaiiiSj y-taried. 
eminentior, more semyug. 
efficacitast spedfuhiesse. 
gentilitm, paynemerj^e. 
dementia, wodenes. 


Anglo-'Sazoii ^loMes, Drom two leaves of a Prosper of apparentljr early in 
the dth ccDtiiry, loosely bound up, iti MS- Cotton* Tib, A. vii, foL 1C5, 166» 
Tile fint leaf begins with Prosperi Epigram ma xc, line 3, (Opera, fol. Par* 
1711, p* 609.) and ends with Epigram, xciii. The second leaf contains the 
last Una of the last Epigram. (Ep* cvl, p. 681,) and the 53 first lines of the 
po«m ad uxoremt (Opera, pp. 775,0.) 

joa/i7ur,bola>. (f. 1, r**) 

malut yf<?lu. 
tjmgwam, ge-winiu 
1 internis, jJan incundum* 


exteriora, }7a yttran. 
movent^ astyriaj>. 
perfectOf on full-fremedum. 
capitur, bi]? on-fangen. 

^M 10 BELIQUl^ ANTIQ^. ^"^T^^^^^^B 

^H victoria, sige. 

poTtdenbns, hefiim. -^^^^ 

^B bello, ge-campe. 

Bcrutari, smeagan. ^J 

^m securiiSt or-sorh. 

ne citra, |7BBt na caru. ^^| 

^K fruatur, bnice. 

procax, dyrstig. ^^| 

^B discordes, un-ge-twsDre. 

ez^^/ru^/forditt. ^^| 

^H contaffia, be*smitenessa. 

labore, swince. ^^| 

^B serpunt, smuga|?. 

7io^^^, cunnan. ^^| 

^B ipsaoue, ]m sylfan. 
^H ffamia, ge-fean. 

habere, habban* ^^M 

datur, his ge-seald, "^^1 

^H tn/^/iwj, wunde. 

desperandum, to ortruwienne, 1 
«6<f; ac. 1 

^H lon^a, langsum. 

^H experientia, afangdang. 

fiant, hi beon. 1 

^H notum, cu|». 

studiosim, ge-cnjTdlicost. 1 

^H hocpUnam, on j^ysse fulle. 

mpplicandum, to biddennc. J 

^H tempore, tyde. 

fi^ia, {^i )7e. ^^fl 

^H justitiam, rihtwisnesse. 

numerus, ge4eL ^^^H 

^B miserendo» miltiende. 

f& nunierOf of ge-tele« ^^^^ 

^H hvet, ajywea. 

atic/i^, ge-iht. (f. 1, v**) ^^M 

^H dam, syllende. ^^— 

impiorum, aerleasra. ^^M 

^H virtiUumf msegna. 

morho, mid adie. '^^H 

^H muneraf lac. 

obsessis, of-settum, ^^M 

^H veniam, forgyfenesse. 

prmsianda est, to ti^ienne is, 1 

^H dtvuiorum operum^ godcundra 

cura, caru. _rj 

^H wurca. 

medendif lacniendes. ^^| 

^H secretast digle. 

donee t, rfwm, l?a while. ^^% 

^H iioscerCf on-cnawan. 

in wffroto corpore, on adligum 1 

^H causas, intingan. 

lichaman, 1 

^H humanis, meimiscum. 

tita, life. J 

^B^ possibile, areefniendlic. 

manei, wuna]?, <^^H 

^H ingeniis, origan cum. 
^H uUo, sumre. 

pravis, ^vveorum. ^^H 

vitiarum, hleahtra. ^^H 

^H intuitu, sceawuBge. 

mokt hefe, ^^H 

^H speculatuTf sceawa]^. 

ffravatis, ge-hefedum. ^^H 

^H operta, ofer-wrigene. 

sanctarum, haligra. ^^M 

^H qui multa, se fala. 

pietas, a3rfastness. ^^M 

^B ut lateani, }jaet -Slutian. 

adhibenda, to ge-arcygenne. 1 

^H scit, wat. 

precum, ge-beda. ^^B 

^H placuisse, ge-lician. 

dum, ]ia hwile. ^^^ 

^H imbuta, }?Bet ge-tydde» 

possibile, arfa?niendlic. <^^H 

^H ^tmtf/, samod. 

rnidari, beon awende. ^^H 

^H discit, leorna)?. 

korrescat, ge-anlSracige. ^^| 

^H per, );urh. 

noctis, nihte. ^^^ 

^H speciem, hyw. 

f/et7{ai of wege. -^^| 

^H artifice m, craeftean. 

Itwis, leohtes. ^^M 

^H minensist on»ge-metum* 

amor, lufu. ^^^ 

^H numeris, on ge*tehiin. 

cmvernsque, ge-cyrredtim. ^^M 


novam, niwe. 

iemporaUa, hwil-wendlice. ^H 

meiUem, mod* 

crescere, wehsan. (f, 2, r**) ^H 

dei, sylle* 

JSxpHciunt Epigramata Pros' ^^H 

fftatia, gyfu. 

peri, ^M 

yttti, |?aere* 

Versus Prosperi ad canffugem ^H 

jiisfificant^, ge-rihUwisiendre, 

snam. 1 

amprekendenda, to getriw- 

agejam^ nu la. 1 


precor, ic bydde. J 

^B doctrina, lar. 

(xnnes, ge-si'S. ^J 

^f tn/er, betwyh. 

inremota, im-ascyrod. ^H 

^^ (rtbulatianum, ge-drefednesse. 

irepidam, forht. ^H 

turbines, {Sreomiessum, 

brevem, sceort. ^H 

1 difftcuUnr, ca fol^lice. 

domino, drihtenum. V 

1 agiwscitwr, bi|? on-cnawen. 

ce/4?ri, swyftre, 1 

ft^, nena. 

tr£<fc^, ]?u ge-syhst. 1 

facile^ ea|)elice. 

Totatu, turnunge. ^J 

inveniuntur, beo)> ge-mette. 

rapidos, Bwytte. ^H 

tn adversifaie, on wi|>erwerd- 

meare, faran. ^^| 


fragilis, tyddres. ^H 

pr^mdia, helpas. 

membra, lima. ^^| 

dum non perturbant, pa whyle 

mwidi, middan-eardes* ^H 

|?e na ge-drefa>. 

mznu^ wanian. ^H 

diacrimina^ orhleahtras. 

perire, losian. ^H 
/oil, beon ashliden. ^^| 

pads, sibbe. 

prmlia, ge-winn. 

/uytV, flyh}.. ^M 

[ premunt, of-|?riccaJ», 

quod tenemus, ymi we healda];, ^^M 

B ezercere, be-gan. 

cupidas, gTsedige. ^H 

^ divinisj mid codcundlicum. 

tajia, idelnessa. ^H 

amt?eniV, ge-dafna]?. 

specie^ hiwe. ^^| 

amiis, waepnum. 

trahunt, tea]?. ^H 

consilio, mid ge-j?ehie. 

m^nt'i idelum. ^H 

mijuis, beow Mracan. 
tranqmllam, ge-defe. 

t^i nunc^ la wbfDr nu )>a. ^H 

imago, anlicne§. ^^| 

curis, carum. 

v^i ^i/;i/, la whaer sind. ^H 

^ vacunm^ a?mtig. 

opf«, speda. ^H 

B inZruiY, IserS. 

potentum, ricera. ^H 

ptacidi pectoris, ge*gladodes 

occupare, ge-bysgian. ^^M 

' breostes. 

capias, ge-hsefte. ^H 

' kospes, cunia. 

voluptas, willa. ^H 

corde, heortan. 

qiiojidam, geo ge»fyrn. ^H 

quieio, onge-defre. 

vertebat, wende, ^H 

adqmri, beon be-gyten. 

aratris, sidiim, ^H 

in sevo, on re)?re. 

geminos, ge-twinne. ^H 

[ turbine, ]>reohnessc. 

6ct?e^, oxan* ^H 

inviim, ge-nedod. 

vecius, gc-ferod, ^H 

amittere, for-leetan. 

magnificas, mserlice. ^H 

^H 12' RBLtQri^ ANTIQJE. ^^^^^^^H 

^H carpentis, on cra^tum. 

tempore, tyda. ^^^^^^| 

^H per urbes, gynd byrig. 

^H rus, land. 

tamen, }?e hwhe)?era. 

^H vacuum, vemtig. 

occasum nostrum, for5-si|? 

^H fe$9is, ge-welitum. 


^H (Sffer, adlig. 

deceret, ge-dafnode. 

^M adit, ge-fa^rS, 

Jmem, ee-endunge. 
vit^t liies. 

^H celsis, healicum* 

^M sulcam, to-cleofende. 

quemgue, ee-whylcne. 
m(fer^, be-healdan. 

^H maria, sfiDS. 

^H carlnis, scypum. 

;2«m, witodlice. 

^H nunct nuoa. 

quid prodest, whffit fraina|>. 

^H lembum, bat. 

Jlumina, flod. 

^H exiguitm, ge^iwaedne. 

semper, symle. 

^H scandit, aslih]?. 

inexaustis, un-for-hladenum. 

^1 7WiY, styrk 
^H icfem, se ilea. 

prona, for)?. 

ayww, weeterum. 

^H status, stede. 

viceruntt ofer-swiddan. 

^H a^m, secerutn. 

S(scula, woreld. 

^H urbibm, burgum. 

suis locis, on hira sttiwum. ^H 

^H uUis, aenigum* 

durante )>urh-wunedan. ^^| 

^H prcBdpitata, be-sceowene* 

^orea rum, blosmige land. ^H 

^H Tuimt, hreosa]?. 

manent, wunia]?. ^H 

^H /erro, ysene* 

jgrf non manaere, ac na )?urh- 1 

^H pe^f^, cwylde. 

wunedun. ^J 

^H fame, bungre* 

parentes, fsBderas. ^H 

^H vinclist bendum. 

temporisj tide* ^^| 

^H algore, cyle. 

kospes, cuma. ^^| 

^H calore, bsetan. 

a^o, ic droge. ^^| 

^H mt//e mo£/i>, mid l^usend ge- 

^^0, eornestlice, ^H 

^H metum. 

nec^mcquam., on ydel. ^^| 

^H miseros, {'a earman. 

7t^/i, acynnedde. ^^M 

^1 rflpiV, ge-grip}?. 

pereuntf losia)^. ^^| 

^H nndiqne, ceghwanaQ. 

occidimus, we ge^wita]?. ^H 

^H bella, ge-feobt. 

mternam, ece. ^H 

^V fremuni, grimetta)?. 

w/ mereamuTj pxt we ge-ear* ■ 

^H furor, hat-beortnes. 

nian. ^J 

^H excitnt, awebj^. 

m ista, on ];yssuni. ^H 

^H inciimbunt, onnhiga}>. 

siibeat, becuine. ^H 

^H re^^^» cyningas. 

requies, rest. ^^| 

^H innumerist iin^ge-rimuTn. 

tonga, langsum. V 

^H impia, arleas. 

Mor^ fo-m, on sccortum ge- ^J 

^H j^^i/, wett. 

deorfe. ^H 

^H discordia, un-ge-'Sveernes. 

tamen, >e bwbej^era. ^H 

^H siconduso, gyf beclysedre. 

forte, wenunga. ^H 

rebellibus, wi|)ercorom, ^H 

^■^ mperessentt to lafe weron. 

a^jE?er, stico! o15{$e teart. ^H 



rigidoM t. duras, hearde. 
leges, laga* 
corda, heortan. 
puient, wena]?. 
autem, so}?lice. 
gravis, sw^rt, 
mansueto, manfiwaeran. 
sarcina, byrj^en. 
dorso, rhigge, 
ledit, demp. 

mitia, )?a B)>an« 
colla, sweoran. 
jugurrij nio. 

tota mente, mid eallum mode. 
tota vi, mid ealre streng]?e* 

amari^ beon ge-Iufad. 
pr(Bcipitisr, is beboden* 
vigeat, |>eo, 
secimda, ojjer, 
hominiSf manned* 
7Ui/i/^ nele. 
inferat, on-betede. 
vindiciam, wrace, 
lessust ge-derod. 
nesciat) na cuniie. 
exigere, of-gan. 
contenhts, ge-do&f. 
modicis, on ge-wheedum, 
rtV^^, for-buge, 
mhlimis, healic. 
kaleri, beon ge-hs&fd. 



Said to be written t»y Ljd$Aie* It is found in the Harleian MS. No. 2^51 ^ 
foL U,r«j of the afleentb century. 

A froward knawe plainly to discryve, 
And a sluggard plainly to declare, 
A precious knave that cast hym never to thry Ve, 
HLs mowthe wele wet, his sle\is right thredebare, 
A tourne-brooche, a bov for AVat of Ware, 
With louryng face, noddyng and Blombryng, 
Of newe cristened, called Jak Hare, 
Whiche of a boUe can pluk out the lyneng. 

This boy Maymond ful stybourne of his bonys, 
Sluggy on morwe his lymes unto dresse, 
A gentil harlot chose for the nonys, 
Sone and chief eyr unto dame Ydelnesse, 
Cos3rn to Wecok, brother to Reklenesse, 
Whiche late at even and morw at his risyng, 
He hath no joye to do no besinesse, 
Saufe of a tankkarde to pluk out the lyneng. 

A boy Cbekrelyk was his sworn brother. 
Of every disshe a lypet out to take. 
And FafinticoU also was another, 
Of everj^ bribe the cariage for to make. 
And he can wele wayte on a ovene cake, 
And of new ale bene at the clensyng^ 
And of purpos his thrift for to slake, 
Can of a picher pluk oute the lyneng. 

This knave be leyser wil do al his message, 
And hold a tale with every maner wight, 
Ful pale drunk wele vernisshed of visage. 
Whos tunge ay failith whan it drawith to nyght, 
Of a candel wenyth two were light, 
As barkid lethir nis face is shyneng, 
Glasy yen wil clayme of dewe right, 
Out of a bolle to plukke out the lyneng. 

He can a bedde an liors combe welc shake. 
Like as he wolde oorreye his mayster hors. 
And with his one hand his mayster doublet take> 
With that other pre\ilv cut his purs ; 
Al suche knaves shal have Cristes curs, 
Erly on morw at theyr uprysing^ 
To fynd a boy I trowe ther be no wors, 
Out of a cuppe to pluk out the lyneng. 

He may be sold upon warantise^ 

As for a trowant that nothyng wil don, 

Selle his hors provender is his chief marchaundise, 

And for a chevissaunce can pluk of his shon. 

And at the dyse pley the mony sone, 

And with his wynnynges he makith his offryng 

At the ale stakis, sittyng ageyn the mone, 

Out of a cuppe to pluk out the lyneng. 

Wassaile to Maymond and to his jousy pate, 
Unthraft and he be to-gyder met. 
Late at eve he wil unspere the gate. 
And grope on morwe yif rigges bak be wete, 
And yif the bak of Togace* the gught heete. 
His hevy nolle at myd-morwe up liftyng, 
With un-wasshe hands^ nat lacid his doublet, 
Out of a boUe to pluk out the lyneng. 

• Thii word ia explained io tbe MS. bj *' the cat,*' 



prom a MS. in the Library of tli« Society of Antiquarie«j No, 101, (bh 70, 
r*, vritten on paper, in the flfleenlh century. 

To make goode Gonepofudre, 

Take the poudre of .ii. unces of salpetre and half an unce of 
brymston, and half an unce of lyndecole, and temper togidur 
in a mortar with rede vynegre, and make it thyk as past til the 
tyme that ye se neyther salpetre ne brymstone, and drye it en 
the ffyre in an erthe pan with soft ffyre, and when it is wele 



dryed grynde it in a morter til it be smalle poudre, and than 
sarse it throow a sarse, &c. And if ye wil have fyne colofre 
poudre^ sethe fyrst your salpetre, and fyne it well, and do as it 
IS said afore. HlUl, 


of the flnt halfof the eleventh 

^^From MS. Coltoo, tIttM, D, xrvi, foL 5, r 
^K century « 

^^ Si iuna aiii, rubeat quasi aurum, vento ostendit. Si pura 
sit, serenitatem. Si in sumrao corniculo maculis ingrescit, 
I pluriam indicat, '^ 

I At sol, se \js%\ orto suo maculosus sub nube latet, pluvialem 

diem praesagit. 

Si rubeat, sincerum, si palleat, tempestuosum ccelum, si 

mane rubet, tempestuosum significat diem- 
Si Tespere rubicundum aparuerit, serenum ciastinum por- 

tendit diem. 


From two MS. of the Britiih Museum, Bumey, No. 216| foL 100, v», of 
the end of the twelfth or beginTiing of the fourteenth century, and Cotton. 
Vitel. e. Tlii, fol. 18» r«, written apparently a little earlier. It has been en- 
dcaroured to form a correct text fVom these two MSS. There is another 
imperfect copy, given anonymously, in a MS. of a Inter date, also preserved 
in the Mu»eam, bat I have mislaid the reference to it, and it is not mentioned 
in the catalofuet. It seems to have been once a yerf popular poem, and 
was probably the prototype of the various pieces of Advice of a Father to 
hi« Son which we find from time to time in old MSSJn French and English 

Doctrina Magistti Petri Abaehrdi 

Astralabi fili, vitse dulcedo patemffii 

DoctrinBe studio pauca relinquo tuee. 
Major discendi tibi sit quam cura docendi, 

Hinc aliis etenim proficis, inde tibi. 
Cum tibi defuerit quod discas, discere cessa. 

Nee tibi cessandum dixeris esse prius. 
Disce diu firmaque tibi tardaque docere, 

Atque ad scribendum ne cito prosilias. 
Non a quo sed quid dicatur sit tibi curce, 
10 Auctori nomen dant bene dicta suo. 


In MS. C. the title U Vtrt^a Fttn Abaelardi ad AttralabiumfiUMm iuum. 



Ne tibi dilecti jures in verba magistrii 

Nee te detineat doctor amore sao. 
Fructu non foliis pomoram quisque cibatuTj 

Et sensus verbis anteferendus erit. 
Ornatis aminos captet persuasio verbis, 

DoctrinsB magis est debita planicies. 
Copia verborum est ubi non est copia sensus, 

Constat et errantem multiplicare vias» 
Cuius doctrinam sibi dissentire videbis, 
20 Nil illam certi constet habere tibi. 
f Instabilis lanae stultus mutatur ad instar, 

Sicut sol sapiens permanet ipse sibi. 
Nunc hue nunc illuc stulti mens caeca vagatur, 

Provida mens stabilem figit ubique gradum, 
Providet ante diu quid recte dicere possit, 

Ne judex fiat turpiter ipsa sui. 
Nolo repentini tua sic doctrina magistri, 

Qui cogatur adhuc fingere quae doceat. 
Nemo tibi tribuet quod nondum est nomen adeptus, 
30 Post multos si vis experiaris eum. 

Filius est sapiens benedictio multa parentura, 

Ipsorum stultus dedecus atque dolor. 
Insipiens rex est asinus diadeinat^ pollens, 

Tarn sibi quara cunctis perniciosus hie est. 
Scripturee ignarus princeps qui sustinet esse, 

Cogitur archanuin pandere spepe suuin. 
f Occasum sapiens, stultus considerat ortum, 

Finis quippe rei canlici laudis habet. 
Dictis doctorum, factis intende bonoruni, 
40 Ferveai hac semper pectus avaritia. 
Ingenii sapiens fit nuUus acumine magni, 

Hunc potius mores et bona vita creant. 
Factis non verbis sapientia se profitetur, 

SoUs concessa est gratia tanta bonis. 
Credit inhumanam mentem sapientibus esse, 

Qui nichil illorum corda dolere putat. 
Ferrea non adeo virtutis duraque mens est, 

Ut pietas horum viscera nulla scial. 
Sit tibi cura prior faciendi, deinde docendi 
50 Quoj bona sunt, ne sis dissonus ipse tibi* 
T Sit tibi quaeso frequens scripturse lectio sactae, 

Ccctera siqua legas omnia propter earn. 
Est justi proprium reddi sua veUe quibusque, 

Fortis in adversis non trepidare suis. 
Illicitos animi motus frenare modesti, 

Tunc cum succedunt prospera prsecipue. 

line IZffructuquenonf B,^%4, fu^i, B,— 39, doctU, C,-^Bt ciaty C. 



Sicut in ad^ersLs virtus ea murus habetur, 

Sic istius egent prospera temperie. 
Nee prior ilia manet virtus nisi fulta sit istis, 
60 Ne sit fracta malis, sive remissa bonis. 
Quid vitii, quid sit virtutis discite prudens, 

Quod si perdideris, desinis esse quod es. 
Philosophus causas rerum discernit opacas, 

Effectus operum practicas exsequitur. 
T Sit tibi prsDcipuus divini cultus honoris, 

Teque tiinor semper subdat amorque Deo. 
Nemo Deum metuet vel amabit sicut oportet, 

Si non agnoscat sicut oportet eum* 
Quam Justus sit hie atque potens, quBim sit bonus ipse, 
70 Quantum aos toleret, quam grave percutiat ! 
Quo melior cuoctis Deus est, plus debet amaxi^ 

Et melior post hunc ordine quisque suo. 
Quo melior quisque est, majori dignus amore, 

Utque Deo fuerit carior et tibi sit. 
Quos etenim nisi propter eum debemus a mare, 

Finis hie in cunctis quse facis unus eritj 
Non tua sed domini quaeratiir gloria per te, 

Non tibi sed cunctis vixeris, immo Deo. 
IT Detrimenta tuae caveas super omnia famae, 
80 Ut multis possis et tibi proficere. 

Quae prsecesserunt cogunt nova crimina credi, 

Et prior in testem vita sequentis erit. 
Scandala quam possis hominum vitare labora, 

XJt tamen incurras scandala nulla Dei. 
Ififames fiigiat tua conversaiio semper, 

Et socio gaude te meliore frui. 
Est melius socium quam cognatum esse bonorum, 

Hi DC etenim virtus, eminet inde genus, 
Ne temptare deujn» fili, preesumpseris unquam, 
90 Nitere quo possis ut merearis opem. 
Summa Dei lx»nitas disponens omnia rede. 

Quae bona quae mala sunt ordinal ipse bene. 
Hinc nee in adversis justo solatia desunt, 

Ut mala sint etiam, cum sciat esse bonum. 
IF Jussa potestatis terrenoj discutienda, 

Caelestis tibi mox perficienda scias, 
Siquis divinis jubeat contraria jussis, 

Te contra Dominum pactio nulla trahat. 
Contempnendo Deum peccat solummodo quisque, 
100 Nee nisi contemptus hie facit esse reum. 

line 61, diicutt, C— 64, ^tq\dtUT B.--69, i> atqmt C— 00, qiwd, C. 




Non est contemptor qui nescit quid sit agendura^ 

Si non hoc culpa nesciat ipse sua. 
Major adhuc tamen est insania quam furor ille, 

Quse differt ilium conciliare sibi, 
Suppremus furor est offendere cuotca potentem, 

Quod qui praesumit nescio quid metuat. 
Qaisquis apud Dominum se queerit justificari, 

Justitiam siqua est nesciat ipse suam, 
Agnoscat culpas, accuset, corrigat iUm, 
110 Nee 5*e corde bonum censeat, ore malum. 
Hoc autem pro justitia reputetur ab illo, 

Quod bona qu« impendit reddita non data sunt. 
Qua? tibi tu non vis fieri, ne feceris ulii ; 

Quse fieri tibi vis, haec quoque fac aliis. 
II Omnia dona Dei transcendit verus amicus, 

Divitiis cunctis anteferendus liic est. 
Nullus pauper erit thesauro prseditus islo, 

Qui quo rarior est, boc preciosior est- 
fSunt raulti fratres, sed in illis rarus amicus, 
120 Hos nalura creat, gratia prsebet eum. 
Gratia libertas, natura coactio qua^dam est, 

Dum generi qui vis haeret amore sue. 
Quo pecudes etiam naturre lege trahuntur, 

Affectus quarum gratia nulla manet. 
Si roget aul facial quisquam quod Icedat honestum, 

Metas et legem transit amicitiae. 
Exaudire precem inhonesta rogantis amici, 

Est ab amicitioe calie referre pedem. 
Plus tanien offendit qui cogit ad ista rogando, 
130 Quam qui consensum dat prece victus eis. 
Nullum te dominus plusquam te cogit amare, 

Nee te quisquis te turpia poscit amat. 
Turpia ne facias sed vites propter amicum, 

Si cupis ut vere sis preciosus ei. 
Turpitur excusat noxam quem propter amicum 

A se banc committt dicere non pudeat. 
Propter amicitiam si quid commisero vile, 

Re turpi pulchram fedo malaque bonam. 
Debita sunt quam dona magis quae dantur amico, 
140 Nil tamen est quo plus non mereatur amor. 
QuDs in amicitia sua qujerere lucra videbis, 

Quod dici cupiunt hoc simulare scias. 
Si non subvenias donee te exoret amicus, 

Quse dare te credis, vendere crede mi^is. 

Uoe 104, qui differi, C— 110, ne »f , C— 112, daia iint^ B.— 127, in C. prectm 
written first* tiaibeen clian^cii to jjfffM,— 149| xuhveniatf B. 



Non pretio parvo est rubor ille rogantis habendum, 

Quo quae tu dicis dona coactus emit. 
Pius recipit quani dat pro donis quisqui.'s amatur, 

Nam quid amicitia carius esse potest. 
Majores grates dono majore mereniur, 
160 Majus se dando quam sua quisque dabit. 
AJter ego nisi sis, non es michi verus amicus, 

Ni michi sis ut ego, non eris alter ego. 
Qui bonus est dampnum contempnit propter amicum, 

Sic etenim prodi si sit amicus habet. 
Cujus criminibus cito credis, non es amicus, 

Ukimus bine propria scit mala quisque domus. 
Noil poterit proprios cognocere dives amicos, 

An sint fortunae scilicet aut hominis. 
Pauper in hoc felix errore est liber ab isto; 
160 Cum peril haec, pereunt quos dabat ilia tibu 
Cui male fecisli, ne te commiscrLs illi, 

Praetereunte malo permanet ira mali. 
Quam jactura mali jactantia pejor habetur, 

Sed gra^ior lee so cuililjet esse solet. 
Sit tibi prsBcipuus si vis bonus inter amicos, 

Xec memor in talem conditionis eris. 
Erectum stimuhs et verbere comprimes lUum, 

In tua ne calcem dirigat ora suum. 
Non homini te sed vitioservire pudebit, 
170 Cum sit libera mens, nil tibi turpe putes, 
Non est quern possunt corrumpere dona fidelis, 

Proditor alterius non tibi fidus eris. 
Obsequio superant meretrix et proditor ontnis, 

Qua placeant aliis heec una sola patet. 
f Nil melius muliere bona, nil quam mala pejus, 

Omnibus ista bonis praestat et ilia malis. 
Quaecumque est avium species assueta rapinis, 

Quo plus possit in his femina fortior est. 
Nee rapit humanas animas plus femina quicquam. ^-:^ 
180 Fortis in his ha*c est quolibet hostc magis* 
Quee se luxuri^e gratis subponit amica, 

Censetur meretrix qua* pretio gerit hoc. 
In iitio tamen hoc ardentior ilia videtur, 

Quae preeter sordes suscipit inde nichiJ. 
Uxorem ratione suam vir debet amare, -^ 

Et non ad coitum sicut adultera sit. 

line 146, parvo pretio, C— 160, in both MSS, hmc in explained m a glow by 
fortunat aod in B. quos h explnlned similarly by tiintroi.^lOl, ulli, C. — 104, 
tttt B. ««,C— 174, via^ C— l7Qj._iuirf-/u«in, C,^\%0.,/oriu m Aoc, H.— 181, 
tuppeniif C. 



Et pecudes quo vult trahit iinpetuosa voluptas. 

Sic homines agitAt luxuriosus amor. 
Si post conceptum pecudam saciata libido 
190 Ferre mare nolit, qaid mulier, quid agitat 1 
An se luxuriae solam putet esse creatam ? 

Ad coitus fructum ccetera nata feret 1 
Gratior est homilis meretrix quam casta superba^ 

Perturbatque domum seepius ista suam* 
PoUuit ilia domum quam incendit ssepius ista, 

Sorde magis domui flamnia nocere potest. 
Mitior est anguis linguoste conjugis ira ; 

Qui tenet hanc, ejus non caret angue sinus. 
Deterior longe Unguosa est femina scorto^ 
200 Hoc aliquis, nulUs ilia placere potest. 

Est linguosa domus incendia maxima conjux, 
Hac levior flamma quilibct ignis erit. 
f Cum modicum membrum sit lingua, est maximus ignis ; 
Non tot per gladium quot periere per hanf:. 
Prcevalet in lingua qui non est fortis in armis. 
Nullus in hac pugna plus meretrice potest. 
Ex hoc pTzecipue distant ignavus et audax, 

Quod factis iste prcevalet, lEe minis. 
Si linguEB belium quam armomm fortius esset, 
210 Thersites Troja* major Achille foret. 
In verbis i>avidus semper Ijetare fuisse. 

In factis audax sis, aliquando licet. 
Nil magis offendit quam pravus sermo potentem ; 

Plus probra liber homo quam sua dampna timet. 
Accensas mollis responsio mitigat iras ; 
Auget eas potius dura^ creatque novas, 
f Nolo virum doceas uxoris crimen amata?. 
Quod sciri potius quam fieri gravat hunc. 
Opprohriis aurem propriis dat nemo libenter, 
220 Nee te nee quemquam talia scire volet. 
Cuique viro casto conjux sua casta videtur, 

Semperque incestus suspiciosus erit, 
Ne sis natarum sic arc us araore tuarum, 

Ut non corrumpi posse rearis eas. 
Quam cito fas sit eas festina tradere nuptum, 

Vilescit mulier suspicione cito. 
Nee catus poterit servari pelle nitente, 
Nee mulier cunctis si preciosus erit. 
Quam nuptum tradunt studeant ornate puellam, 
230 Ornatu sapiens vir cito privat earn, 

line 196i Corde, B.— 201, eonjunx, B,— 202, quUHhtt, B.— 204, quem pifiej§^ ' 
C— 22(S, MS. C, epdB with thiflUne. 



Incestam ut castam frustra servare labores ; 

Non potes hanc, iltam non opus esse scia*?. 
De quo culpasti mulierem cogis amarij 

Et verum falso crimine saepe struis. 
Ne dubites illara proprise dimdere forinse^ 

Nee studet ut lallat per bona facta viros. 
Quanto plus fragilis muliebris sexus habetur, 

Tanto ejus virtus praemmet inmeritis. 
Quo fuit asperior qua} postea nupsit amanti, 
340 Tanto gratior est ipsa futura viio, 

Aspernala virum propria placet ipsa repulsa^ 

Et bkndum facit hunc asperitate sua. 
Miror si mulier privif num diligat ulla, 

Ni quo Phfedra suuiB fertur amasse modo. 
Quern vir amat famulum rairor si dOigit uxor^ 

Semper in insidiis hunc timet esse sibi. 
Luxurise iiimis est mulieri ^rata voluptas, 

Si plus quam fratrem dihgat ilia virum. 
Si sua quam mater cuiquam sit carior uxor, 
250 Constat naturam cedere luxuri^e. 

f Quern natura sues non cogit amare parentes, 

Conciliare tibi gratia nulla potest. 
Qui patri malus est, nulli bonus esse putetur, 

Nolo roges pro quo non rogat ipsa p^ens. 
Ne superlnducta crucies uxore parentes, 

Hos sepeli primo si superesse queas. 
Est velox vindicta Dei maledictio patrum. 

Nemo nisi demens banc tolerare potest. 
Quo plus proficiat tua sit correptio blanda; 
260 Aspera perversos non captt, imrno movet. 
Objurga culpam pueri, juvenisque flageUa, 

Exhortare senem blanditiisque mone. 
Cum te corripiat senior patienter habeto, 

Et grates tanquam post data magna refer. 
Culpari metuens culpam prfecindere temptat, 
• # ♦ • • 

Quisquis non fuerit patiens parendo jubenti, 
Inperio nulli prseficiendus erit. 

In the MS. B. which alone eontaioB the latter part of this poem, it U fol« 
lowed by a few blank liDes, and then comes an incoherent mass of elegiac 
r on a similar Bubjeet, but apparently not belonging to the same poem. 




Prom the MS, Cotton^ Cleopatra B. vi. toh 201, v«, written in tbe middle 

of the thirteenth century » 1 1 is written as prose. 

^.„]idde huve with milde stevene 

til ure fader J?e king of hevene, 

in pe nmnunge of Cristis pine, 

for J)e laverd of his hus, and al lele hine, 

for alle cristinfolk that is in gode lif, 

that God scMlde ham to dai fro sinne and fro siche ; 

for alle tho men that are in sinne bunden^ 

that Jhesu Crist ham leyse, for is hali wndes ; 

for quike and for deade and al mankinde ; 

and ]jat ws here God don in hevene mot ^ar it finde ; 

and for alle jjat on herhe us fedin and fostre ; 

saie we nu alle ]?e hah pater noster. 

Ure fadir jiat hart in hevene, 

halged be |?i name with giftis sevene, 

saniin cume J?i kingdom, 

pi wille in herjje ala in hevene be don, 

ure bred pat lastes ai 

gyve it hus yis hilke dai, 

and lire misdedis }jii forgyve hus, 

als we forgyve ]?am |?at misdon hus, 

and leod us in tol na fandinge, 

hot freLs us fra alle ivele ]7inge. Amen. 

Heil Marie, ful of grace, ^ 

he lavird |?ich pe in hevirilk place, 

blisced be bu mang alle wimmein, 

and blisced be ]?e blosme of ]ji wambe. Amen, 

Maidin and moder ]?at bar ]?e hevene king, 

wer us fro wre wy|?er-wines at ure bending; 

blisced be |7e pappis ]>at Godis sone sauk, 

hat bargh ure kinde }?at pe nedre bysuak ! 

Moder of milte and maidm Mari, 

help us at ure bending, for ]?i merci. 

|?at suete Jhesu |?at born was of )?e, 

]?u give us in is godhed him to se. 

Jhesu for pi moder luve and for fin haU wndis, 

pn leise us of pe sinnes ];?at we are inne bunde. 

Hi true in God, fader hal-michttende, |?at makede heven 
and hcrde|>e, and in Jhesu Krist, is ane lepi sone, hure laverd, 
|?at was bigotin of pe liali gast, and born of the mainden Marie, 



pinid under Punce Pilate, festened to the rode, ded and duhnip, 
licht in til helle, pe J?ride dai up tsl% fra dede to live, stegh in 
til hevenne, sitis on is fadir richt hand, fadir al-waldand, he 

{►en sal curae to deme pe quike an |»e dede, Hy troue hy )?e- 
i gast, and hely kirke, pe samninge of halghes, forgifnes of 
sinnes, uprisigen of fleyes, and life with-hutin hend. Amen. 


SONGS, &c. 

Ftom B MS. in the PabUc Library of the Univenity of Cambridge, (Ff. 1, 6») 
written about the time of Hen. VI, 

What so men seyn, 
Love is no peyn 
To them serteyn, 

but varians ; 
For they constreyn 
Ther hertes to feyn, 
Ther mowthis to pleyn 

ther displesauns ; 
Whych is indede 
Butt feynyd drede. 
So God me spede ! 

and dowbilnys. 
Ther othis to bede, 
Ther Ijnn^s to lede, 
And proferith mede 

For when they pray> 
Ye shall have nay, 
What so they sey, 

be ware, ffor sham ! 
For every daye 
They waite ther pray, 
Whei so they may, 

and make but game. 
Then semyth me 
Ye may wel se 
They be so fre 

in evyry plase. 
Hit were pete 
Butt they shold be 
Begelid, perde ! 

witli-owtyn grase. 


RfitmUIA ANtlQtTA. 

Whoso lyst to love, God send hyin right good spede !• 

Some tyme y loved, as ye may see, 
A goodlyer ther myght none be. 
Here woman-hode in all degre, 
Full well she quytt my mede 

Unto the tyme upon a day. 
To sone ther fill a gret affray ; 
She badde me walke forth on my way, 
On me she gaff none hede. 

I askid the cause, why and wherfor 
She displeside was with me so sore, 
She wold nat tell, but kepe in store ; 
Pardy, it was no nede ! 

For if y hadde hur displeased 
In worde or dede, or hir greved ; 
Than if she hadde be sore meved, 
She hadde cause indede. 

Butt well y wote y hadde nat done 
Hur to displese, but in grete mone ; 
She hath me left and ys agone ; 
For sorwe my hert doth blede. 

Some tyme she wolde to me complayne, 
Yff she had felt dysease or payne ; 
Now fele y nought but grete disdayne ; 
Alias ! what is your rede 1 

Shall y leve of, and let hur go t 
Nay, ner the rather will I do so. 
Yet thouojh unkyndnesse do me wo, 
Hur will y love and drede. 

Some hope that whan she knowith the case, 
Y trust to God, that withyne short spase. 
She will me take agayne to grace ; ^ 

Than have y well abydde. 

And for trew lovers shall y pray. 
That ther ladyes fro day to day, 
May them rewarde, so that they may 
Wyth joy ther ly ves lede. 

Amen, pur charyte. 

* Thif tiac ia repeated after everj stanxa. 


Now wold I fayne some myrthis make, 
All oneli for my ladys sake, 

and hit wold be ; 
But now I am so ferre from hir, 

hit will nat be, 

Thogh I be long out of your sight, 
I am your man both day and night, 

and so will be* 
Wherfor wold God as I love hir, 

that she lovid me f 

When she is mery, than am 1 glad ; 
When she is 8or}% than am I sad ; 

and cause whi : 
For he livith nat that lovith hir 

sks well a<% I. 

She sayth that she hath seen hit wreten, 
That seldyn seen is soon for-yeten ; 

hit is nat so : 
For in good feith, save oneli hir, 

I love no moo. 

Wherfor I pray both night and day» 
That she may cast care away, 

and leve in rest ; 
And ever more whersoever she be, 

to love hir best. 

And I to hir for to be trew, 

And never chaung her for noon new, 

unto myne end; 

And that I may in hir servise 

for evyr amend. 

A. Godwhen. 
Of remembraunce^ 

With-owte endyng, 
Dotli me penaunce 
And grete grevaunce. 

For your partynge. 
So depe ye be 
Graven, parde ! 

Wirhyn myn hert ; 



That afore inee 
Ever I yow see. 

In thought covert. 
Thought I ne playne 
My wofull payne. 

But here yt styll ; 
It wfere in vayn 
To sey agayn 

Fortunes wyll. 

A. Godwhen. 


My self walkyng all allone. 
Pull of thoght, of joy desperat, 
To my hert makyng mv moone, 
How I am the most infortunat. 
And how Fortune his cruell arowe 
Hath to me caste and brought hit soo, 
That I am kome fro wele to woo. 

Fro all gladness and comfort 
I am now brought into distres ; 
Fye on myrth and on disport ! 
Thus seyth my hert for hevynes, 
Seyng tner is no sekymesse. 
Of worldly welth he taketh hede, 
Which ofte causyth myn hert to blede. 

And thus I stond iful fylt with sorow, 
Within my mynd to my gret payne, 
Wepyng both even ana morow 
With swollyn hert, when I refrayne. 
With wofufl teris which can nat fayne, 
Soo have I lost my countenaunce, 
Of all the world to my plesaunce. 

A. Godwhen. 


A TretUefor Laxiondres. 

Yee maistreses myne and clenly chamberys, 
That have to doe with my ladis atyer, 
Attendyth ay as hedest officers, 
Sith your fee your wages and your hyre 
Is duly paide,-than sette your desyre 
How to doo your godely observaunce, 
Wayt all be well and that may you avaunce. 


Loke well your lawne, your homple, and your lake, 
Plesaunce* reyns, and eke the fine champeyn, 
Ye washe cleyn fro mole and spotts blake, 
That wvn nor oyle nor yit non ink disteyn 
Keverchef or cloth aboute your soverayn ; 
Bot wasshe hem dene, andyfye lust to lere 
How ye schall doe, thes verses techen here. 

Imum lacle lava, oleumque licorefabarum, 
Incaustum vino, cetera mundat aqua. 

Of wyn away the motes may you wesshe 
In mylk whyt, the fletyng oyly spott 
Wyth lye of beenes make liit clene and fresshe, 
Wasshe with wyn the feruent ink spott 
All oder thynges clensed, well ye wot, 
Wyth water clere is purged and made clene. 
But these thre dense wyn, mylke, and beene. 

The ttUBie of Qodwbeo biiit not hitherto found a place in our Usta of «>ar1y 
Engliih PoeU. 



Frotn MS. Trin. Coll. C&nt« O. 0« dd, written on paper, about the reign of 

Hen. VI. 

Who carpys of byrddys of grete jentrys, 

The sperhawke me semyth niakys moste dysporte. 

And moste acordynge for all degreys, 
For small byrddys sche puttys to morte, 

Y reelaymyci oni as y schall reporte, 
As longe as sche wolde to nie aply ; 

Whefi sche wolde no^t to my glove resorte. 
Then plukkyd y of here bellys, and let here fly. 

My sperhawke bellys [weren] of Meleyn, 
Limes and gees of sylke and twyne, 

Y byllyd here a me we withy n a wareyn, 
And fed here with byrddys of Valentyne. 
To another sche dyd encl)me, 

And as a ramage hawke began to cry : 

Y sawe sche wolde no lengere be myne; 
Then plukkyd y of here bcllys, and let here fiy. 

Y let here have that sche myght for ayre. 

And chese here a make by the wodys uppon hyghe ; 
Do so with yo^Te paramowres, be they nevere so lavre. 

For of tliem lueiiy be of love full lyght. 

For there ys nothere kyuge nor knyght, 
When there leauiiaiiys bert begjnmyth to wry, 

I hoMe hyt the beste, my trowlh y plyght, 
To pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

And yn aspecial these that be moste changabylJ, 
And sche that yn honde hath too or thre, 

Yff a man take here so dyssevabyll, 
Sche can excuse here curyously, 
And seyth, '* wene ye that y love hym 1 nay, let be !*' 

Yet for to dryve the dowste yn hys eye ; 

Y counsel!, yow be rewlyd by me, 
Pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

For yff ye have a paramowre, 

And sche be whyte as whales bone, 

Ful fayre of face and favowre, 

More plesant to yow there may be none » 
Sche seys to yow sche ys trew as stone, 

Butte truste here no^t, for sche can ly : 

Y have fownd thera by one and one, 
Pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

Yff other men of goodys have plenty, 

And yowre tresowre begynnyth. 
To yow sche woll say full owtragly, 

" I am noU kept after myne astate ; 

Off gay atyrynge y am desolate : 
Y se other wymmen go gayer than y/' 

By ware, for then sche wyil pley chekmate, 
But ye pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

Yff ye ryche be of yewellys ryall, 

And have a paramowre at bed and borde ;♦ 

Sche seyth my part schall be but small, 
But y take more then y was asewryd, 

Y may not have where nofte ys levyd. 
Thus sche wull with-drawe yowre tresory, 

Yff ye of here wyn, streke of my hed, 
But ye pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

But y thynke to revers my owne wrytynge, 
For paramowrys be now so commendabell, 

Yff ther be twenty yn a towne dwellynge, 
Of ther byheste ther ys not one stabeTl, 
Bus swyite of thowth and of tonge varyabell, 

• EvkiciiUy an error of tlte scribe, for ** at borde and bed,**' 


To speke to men full caryously ; 

Yffye fynde such one at yowre labell, 
Pluk of here bellys, and let here fly* 

Yffye love a dam^ll yn aspecyall, 

And thy nke on here to do costage : 
When sche seyth galantys revell yn hall, 

Yn here hert she thynkys owtrage, 

Desyrynge with them to pley and rage, 
And stelyth fro vow full prevefy. 

Such byrdys be febell to kepe yn cage ; 
Pluk of here bellys, and let here fly. 

They be as fals as was Judas, 

That with a cosse dyssevyd owre lorde Jhesu ; 
For when here herte from yow doth pas, 

Full sone sche thynkes^ to have a newe. 

But let here passe and goo lyghtly, 
And clothe here well yn Stafford blewe ; 

Kepe here not then to longe yn mewe, 
Then pluk of here bellys, and let here fly, 

Y have ymagyned yn my mynde, 

Yn Englond where ony where wer trewe ; 

Y have softe fere, y can none fynde 
That hath more feyi.h then hath a yewe. 

Y \yyll begyn and pleyse them newe ; 
Paramowres ar gode, or els y ly, 

They have meny a vyce ageyne vertue ; 
Pluk of here bellys, and let here fly* 

But goode wyfies schall have yn knowlege, 
Tliat hj*t is not by them that y raent ; 

But by small damsellys and tender of age. 
With ther mysgovernawnce makyth wy ve& to be shent. 
For when ther husbondys ar yn avotry lent, 

Yff wyves be grevyd, them blame no^t y, 

Y wolde suche damsellys yn fyre were brent. 
That the asske8 with the wynde awey myght fly. 

Thys y^ the sorowe that y of ment ; 

All men take ensampell by me. 
Yowre lemman wyll weyte yow with a fals tent ; 

Locke ye thynke no|t the contrary^ 

But loke well abowte, and ye schall se 
When yowre lemmanys hert begynyth to wry ; 

Then speke ye here feyre, and loke ye plesant be, 
And then pluk of here bellys, and let here flv. 




From MS, Arundel. No* 67»fol.8,tMii th€ Br. Miu. written in Kent in IS40. 

Thomas de Erseldoune, Escot et dysur, dit au rey AUsandre 
le paroles desuthdites, du rey Edward ke ore est, kaunt yl 
fust u nestre. 

To ny^t is boren a barn in Kaernervam, 
That ssal wold the out ydlis ylc an. 
The kyng Alesandre acsede, 
Hwan sail that be 1 The raenstral zede ; 
Hwaii Banockesbourne is y-det myd mannis bonis ; 
Hwan hares kendleth in hertth-stanes ; 
Hwan laddes weuddeth levedes ; 
Hwan me ledeth men to selle wytth rapis ; 
Hwan Rokysburth is no burth ; 

Hwan men gy ven an folu of twenti iK)und for an seme of 


From MS. Cotton. Cleopfttm, B. vi, fol. 241, V, written in Ihe fonrtei^ntlt 


Ars Rithmimndi. 

Ad habendum artem Rithmicaodi et dictaminis notitiarn, 
dicendum est quid sit RithraoSi et ex quot sillabis constare 
debet, et ex quot distinctioiiibus clausula constat, et ubi ser- 
vanda est consonantia. Rithmus est consona paritas sillabarum 
sub certo numera comprehensarum. Distinctio constare debet 
ex 4 sillabis ad minusi et ex 8 ad plus* Kx 4 ad minus, ut 

O Maria, 
Mater pia, 
Stella maris 
Ex 8 ad plus, ut sic : 

Jam advenit rex coelorum, 
Ergo fratres gaudeamus, 
Unctionem JudaBorum 
Cum cessare videamus. 
Clausula debet constare ex duabusdistinctionibus ad minus, 
et ex 5 ad plus. Ex duabus ad minus, ut sic : 
O Maria, Stella maris, 
Mater pia nominaris. 

Ex 5 dbtinctiouibus ad plus, ut sic : 

Dives eram et dilectus, 
Inter pares praeelectus, 
Modo gravat me senectuSj 
Et letate jam confectus, 
Ab electis sum ejectus. 
Sequitur de consonantia : unde sciendum quod si penultiina 
siilaba distinctionis proferaturacutoaccenlu, tunc consonantia 
debet servari a vocali penultimEe sillabae, ut hie : 
Ave sancti spiritus feciuidata rore, 
Conseirvata parieiis castitatis more, 
Quaeso fac ne arguat judex in furore, 
Quos a morte proprio redemit cruore. 
Si vero penultima sillaba distinctionis proferatur gravi ac* 
centu, tunc consonantia potest servari 3' ; uno modo servatur 
consonantia a vocali penultimse silJabse, sic : 
Salutat angelus, Deus ingreditur ; 
Quod auris acciptt in corde creditur ; 
Tumescit venter, Deus egreditur 
Vestitus homine, nee virgo Ifeditur. 
Item alio modo servatur consonantia a vocali penult imse 
sillabee^ sic : 

res mirabilis et rerum novitas ! 
Se vestit homine summa divinitas; 
Licet in virgine matris fecunditas, 
Et jugi lumine vernat virginitas. 

Tertiomodoservatur consonantia a vocali penultonae sillab«, 

Non potest esse monachus. 

Qui vagus est et profugus ; 

Qui vivit absque regula, 

Peribit morte pessima. 
Sequitur de divisione Rithmorum, quorum unus est mona- 
thongus, alius diptongus, alius triptongus. Monathongus est 
quando una consonantia servatur per totam clausutamj ut ; 'Ave 
sancti spiritus,' ' salutat angelus/ * res mirabilis/ Diptongus 
fit tribus modis ; primo modo quando duse distinctiones concord- 
ant simul, et duee simul, ut supra, ' O Maria;' secundus modus, 
quando medium distinctionis concordat cum medio alterius 
distinctionis et finis cum fine, ut supra, * Jam advenit rex 
coelorum;* tertius modusj quando duae distinctiones et plures 
concordant simuli et auditur (additur) cauda, ut hie : 

Audi verbum novitatis, 

Crede sompnum, et est satis, 

Non est tuee facultatis 

solvere corrigiam. 


Sequitiir de cauda : unde sciendum quod Cauda debet con- 
stare ex tribus sillabis ad minus, ut sic : 
Vides ad altare 
Clericos cantare 

Ex 7 sillabis ad plus^ ut supra, ' solvere corrigiam/ Trip* 
iongus fit tribus modis : primus modus est quando duse dis- 
tiTictiones concordant simul, et additur cauda, et du« 
simul, et additur cauda, et caudae coticordanf, ut hie : 

Sub iiodis silicii 

Corpus careiis vitii 

dampnat vir beatus, 

Se suum carnificera^ 

Atque suum judicem, 

ofTert maceratus. 

Secundus modus est quando medium unius distinctionis 
concordat cum medio alterius distinctionis. et finis cum fine, 
ut supra, ' Jam advenit rex coelorum V Terliu-s modus est 
quando duae distinctiones concordant simul in duobis locis, el 
additur cauda, ut sic r 

iEger cram, jam sum fortis, 

Et contempno minas mortis, 

Velut leo, corde tuto, 

Ire quidem sino scuto. 

Item rithmorum caudatorum alii sunt consoni, alii dissoni* 
Consoni sunt quorum caudge concordant in fine, ut hie : 
Non est nostrse facultatis, 
Nee humanae dignitatis, 
referre mira€ula; 
Quibus virtus deitatis, 
Testis sanctsB sanctitatis, 
illustravit gratia. 

Dissoni sunt tales quorum caud^ non concordant, ut hie : 
Aaron virgam tulit duram, 
Quce florens contra naturam, 

est porta coeli, 
Semper patens, nunquam clausa ; 
Vitee nostree fiiit causa 

virgo Maria. 

Explicit Ars Riihmitizandi* 





From HS. Cotton. JhUub D* vH, foL U7» v«, wriitea dl St Albftu'*, ta tke 
middle of the tMrteettth century* 

£^pontic Anglicorum naminum in caritSt secundum consue* 
tudinem scacariL 

Mundebriche, — Trespas vers seignur, 

Biirchbriche, — Quite tie forfesture, 

Miskenninge, — Mespiis par oi, u de fet. 

Scephinge,— Quite de mustreisun de marchandise* 

Haschinge, — Charger u Ten vudra. 

Frilhaocne, — Franchise de francplege. 

Flamenfremthe, — Chalel de futif. 

Weregold, — 

Wisegeldthef, — Larun ke pot estre rejut. 

Utleph, — Echapement de prisum. 

ForfeDg,— Quite de avant prise.* 

Infengj — Quite de prise en feste. 

Ferdwite,^ — Quite de murance de ost, 

Blodvftite^ — Quite de sane espandu. 

Wardwite, — JQuite de wardein truver, 

Hangwite^ — Quite de larum pendu sanz sergant. 

Hamsokiie,— Quite de entrer en autri ostel a force* 

Forstal, — Ki autri force desturbe, 

Infangenethef^-— Larum pris ens nostre tere* 

Sachei — Quite de medlt^e. 

Soche, — Aver franchecurt. 

Tol^^-Quite de tounu. 

Tern, — Progenie de nos hunimes. 

Danegeld,^ — Tailage de Danais. 

Gridbriche, — Pais enfrainte. 

Murdre,^ — Humme raort sanz ateinte* 

Wrec,^ — Truvure de mer. 

Hutfangenethef, — Larum repele par franchise. 

Ficthwite, — Quite de medlee de lamerci. 

Inlage» — Sugest a la lei le rei. 

U tlagefors, — B any. 

Chirchesoht, — Une certeine summe de ble batu. 

Briggebote, — Refere puaz a passer. 

Ferdware, — Quite de aler en ost. 

Childwite, — Chalenge de serf ki serf, serve enceinte. 


Over itie Anglu-Normuu in Itus Hue, the original acribu hasj wriilcu 





^H 1. Metrical hymn from MS. Cotton. YcspoB. D. vi, fol. 08, v*, of tbe nJtith 




^H Wuton wuldriaii 

^ 'Seet halige lamb 


^H weorada dryhten 

^e "Sy man scilde 


^H halgan hliolSor-cwidam, 


' ^^1 

^H IiioFen-rices wcard, 

for ymte arfa^stnesse 


^B lufian liof*wendum. 

ealle to-wurpe. 


^B lifa'S agend, 

fioti ge-ilaemdcst. 


^B -3 him sinile sio 

folic ge-nieredes. 


^H sigera^st waldor 

blode ge-bohtest 


^H uppe mid a^nlum. 

beam Israela, 


^H ^ oti eorSan sibb 

Sa 5u aliofe 


^H gumena gehwilciim 

Surli ^tet halige triow 


^1 Godos witlatL 

Sinre ^rowunga, 


^H We -Se heria-S 

Sriostre senna. 


^H halgum stefnuni, 

f M on haeah setlc 


^H 1 be y^ctsia-S 
^H bi ewitne fa?der, 

hea&na rices 


sliest sige-hixcmig 


^H 1 ISa l^anciaS^ 

on Sa swi^ran hand 


^H l^ioda walden. 

iSinuni god fa^der, 


^H ^ines weor^lican 

gasta ge-myndig. 


^H wuldor dretunesy 

Mild^a nu nieabtig 


^H ^ $are mi clan 

manna cynnt% 


^H nisegena ge-rena, 

^ of leahtTum ales 


^H -^c %n god dryhtcn 

Sine "Sa liolan ge-scccft, 


^H gastes ma-htum 

3 us Ijale ge-do, 


^H hafest on ge-wealdum 

beleJia sceppend, 


^H hiofen ^ eorSaD, 

ni'Sa nergcnd, 


^H An ece f^cder^ 

for -Sines naman are. 


^H ^elmehtig God. 

Su eart so^lice 


^H ^VL cart cjninga cyningc 

simle halig, 


^H cmcera gebwilces ; 

-J ^u eart ana 


^H '^u earl sigerest sunu^ 

Ecce dryhten, 


^H ^ so'5 ha^leod 

^ ISn ana bist 


^H ofer ealle ge-s^ca^ft 

eaJIra dema 


^H angla j manna ; 

cwucTa ge deadra, 


^H 5u, dryhten God, 

Crist nergend ; 


^H on dreamum wunaBt> 

for -San i\i on "Srymme ricsast, 


^H on Sa^re upplican 

*] on Srinessc, 


^H iT^elan ceastre, 

"J on annessB, 


^H frea folca gehwa^s. 

ealles waldend, 


^H swa in wi fruman Wfrre 

hiofena heali cyninc, 


^H efen-eadig beam. 

hatiges gastes 


^H agenum Ikder. 

fegere ge-felled 


^H $u earl bcofenlic liobt, 

in fa^dre wuklrc. 




Ii« Hie tord't Pr&jer and Creed, from MS. Cotton, Cleopatra^ B. xUi| 
M, 5Bi r% of the tentb e<3]itiiry* 

Her is se ge-leafa, •) ga-b^d, ^ bletsung lo?wedum mannum 
ye f Leden ne cunnon. 

Pater noster on Englisc. — [Nju ure faeder Jie eart on heofe- 
nuiD, sy ym natna ge-lialgod, ge-cume ym rice, sy bin willa 
swa swa on heofenuoi swa eac on eor8an, syle us to deeg untie 
dfieshwamlican hiaf, •} forgyf us ure gyltas, swa swa we for- 
gyfrS ham ]>e wi"6 as agj'lta-S, -] no Ised |;u na us on costnunge, 
ac alyl us fram yfele. Sy it swa. 

Ic ge-lyfc on God fa?der a^linihtignCj scyppend heofenan 
■) eorSan, ^ ic ge-lyfe on liaL^lend Crist his an-cennedan sunu, 
iirne drihten, se wees ge-eacnod of |?ani lialgan gastc, ^ acenned 
of Marian )?am maedene, ge-j^rowod under |jam Pontiscan 
Pilate, on r6de ahangen, he wees dead j be-liyrged, ^ lie ny^er 
astah «o hetle, *} he aras of dea^e on |mm j^riddan da?ge, j he 
astah up to heofenum, ■] sitt nu a^t swiSran Godes y^lmihtiges 
fieder, ^non he wile cuman to demenne aeg^er ge ]7ani cucum 
ge bam deadiun, ^ ic ge-lyfe on l?one halgao gast, -j );a halgan 
ge-la'5unge, "j halgena ge-msennysse, 3 synna for-gifennysse, ^ 
flaescet eerist, t -^ ^ce lif. Sy tit swa. 



From MS. Cotton. Titus, D. xxvil, foL 74, r*, of tho flwt half of the 
cleTenth centuiy, written in England. It appears to have hetongcd to a 
nunnery, from the circumdtiince of the pewon who prays in thia and otbef 
instances fpoaklng In the feminine gender* 

Credo quod sis angelus sanctus a Deo omnipotente ad cus- 
todiam mei deputatus ; propterea peto et per ilium qui tc ad 
hoc ordinavit humiliter imploro, ut me miseram, fragOem, 
atque indignam semper et ubique in hac vita custodias, protegas 
a mails omnibus atque defeodas, et cum dominus bine animam 
meam migrate jusserilj nuUam in earn potestatem denionibus 
habere pennittas, sed tu earn leniter a cor pore suscipias, et in 
sinu Habrace suaviter usque perducas, jubente ac juvantc 
creatore ac salvatore domino nostio, qui est bcnedictu* in seeula 
seculorum. Amen. 





From MS. Harl. No. 078, fol. 24, r°, written apparently between the time 
of the battle of Lewes, and tEiat of tbe battle of Evesham. The explanatioDS 
<»f tbe LAtin namttB are given in Anglo'Norman and in En^luK 

Chaudes Herbes, 
Ariimesie, mug-wTt, merher- 

Marubium, maruil, horehune. 
Rutm, rue. 
Apium, ache. 

Bullosa, bugle, wudc4)rune, 
Saniculum, sanicle, wude- 

Sinapium, sencvel, senei. 
Ztzaniaf ncele, cock el. 
Absinfkiiim, aloigne, wermod. 
Etna emila, ialne, gret-wurl. 
Beikomcay beteioe. 
Abrotanum, averoioe, su]?c- 

Puleginm, puliol, Iml-wurt. 
Agrirnonia, agrerooine, gar- 

Consoli€la, consoude, daiseie. 
CtiTnfiria, cumfirie, galloc. 
Mentastrum, meniastre, hors- 

Avenda, avence. Iiarefot. 
Poriits, poret, lek. 
Repinat rcinD, med-wurt. 
Mtile/oHum, milfail. 
Ebuium, eble, wal-wurt. 
Levisticum, liivesche, luve- 

Cepa, oingnun, kue-!ek* 
Salvia, sauge, fcnvern. 
Ceniauriar centoire, hurdreve* 
Arcangelicaf niortK>rtie, blinde 

Politp^dium, poliol, roven-fot. 
Felix arboratica, poUipode, e- 

Salvinca, gauntelee, foxes- 

BuiumiSf biituns, hoepe. 
A^a^ftnrcium, kersuns, cressen^ 
Coliandrum, coriandre, chele 

PetrouUum, peresil, stoansuke. 
Closera, alisaundre, wilde per- 

Faviduj favede, leomeke. 
Sandixj wmsde, wod. 
Ghdiolum^ flaniiiie, gladene. 
Febrefugiat fewerfue, adrel- 

TaneHeium, (anesie, he!de. 
Pilmelh^ pelusolle, inus-ere. 
Vermiimlum, warance, wrotte, 
BaffbTium, raiz, redich. 
Siiimbrhmi, balsamitis, broc* 

mint en. 
Ambrosia.EimhTOBe, lunde-hele, 
AUhea, jinalue,* holihoc. 
Saxifragiufn, saxifrage, pai- 

Bidella^ samsuns, lechis, 
Biirm prntoris, sanguinarie, 

Fenicidum, fanuil, feneceh 
Quinque folium, quintfoil, fif- 

Tnp.w.'t barhafm, moleine^ softe, 
Fabaria, faverole. 
Trifolium, triloil, wite-clovere. 
Diptannum, ditaimdere. 
Cotula feiida, amoruche^ iniwe. 
Per^icaria, saucheneie, crones- 

Lance fdataf launceleie, ribbe. 
Muter s'dva, chevefoil, wude- 

Sambucus, suej>(!), ellarne. 
Vervena, verveine, iren-harde. 

• pr wfnalue. (?) t wai-wurt. (?) 



Arundo, rosel, reod. 

O^munda, osmunde, bon-wurt. 

OUbanus, encens, scor. 

Fungus, wulves-fist. 

Cerfolium, cerfoil, villen, 

Canwmilh, camemille, raaiwe. 

NeplQi nepte, kattes-minte, 

Argenlea, argentine, lilie. 

Enulut alne, hors-elne, 

Ywpus, ysope. 

Spurgia, sparge, guweom* 

iatemlula, lavendre. 

Fioni camglatai foxes-glove. 

Euscute, doder* 

Satwreia, satureie, timbre. 

Borage, burage, 

Dribulus marijius, calketrappe, 

Fumu9 terre, fumetere, cunte- 

Calamentum, calemente. 

YpU, herbe Johan, velde-rude. 

Organum, organe. 

Origanum^ puliol real, wde- 

MeniUj mente, minten, 

Anetum, anete, dile. 

Fliiropium, solsegle, gloden* 

&)taphilos,s^tL\eine, nare-wurt. 

EUeborum album, atebre-blonc. 

Elebomm, ellebre^ lung-wurt, 

Pionia, pioine. 

Ortica, ortie» nettle. 

Valeriane, stich-wiirt. 

Cklsi, murer, murberien, 

^t?^//^zrte, petite noiz, Htel nute. 

Finagonen^ fresgun, cue-hole. 

Spoiim solis, gritmiL 

Pinpermle, pinpre, briddes- 

Lingua, canh, chen lange, 

DormentiUe, ortie griesche, doc- 

Lappa, bardane, clote. 

Burneta, sprung-wart, 

J^itime, epithiraum, ford boh. 
Turmentuie, nutehede. (?) 
Widebahney (?) halue-wude. 
3Iaha cripia, screpe-inalue, 
ConsoUda media j |nindre-clo- 

Herba benedicta, herbe beneit, 

Hedera nigra, iere, o€rb-ivi, 
Herba Roberii^ herbe Robert, 

Hinnula campana, spere-wurt. 
Haslida regia, muge de bois, 

Intibaf muruns, chickne-mete, 
Iregerontis, cenesuns, grande- 

Jnnipeniy geneivre, gorst. 
Ligustrumt triffoil, hunisuccles, 
Labrmca, bundes-berieiu 
Alieufn, ail, garlec. 
Altirufrif blakeberie, 
Genesia^ genest, brom. 
Omfacium^ winberi stones* 
Ostragium, berbyve^ ii|?e- wurt. 
Phntago, planteine, weibrode. 

Freides Herbes, 
Moreiiu, morel c, atlerlojTe, 
Jovis barba, jubarbe, singrene, 
La^iuca, letue, slep-wurt. 
Fraga, fraser, streberi-lef. 
Hamjii, grosilcr, l>efe-|>orn» 
Astula regia, popi. 
A triplex J arasches. 
Mercurialis, eveolesten, mer- 
Malva, malue, hoc* 
Caidm, cholet, kauL 
Andiviat letrun, buge-|jistcl. 
FAHliyn, luse-sed. 
Virga pas lor is, wildc tesel. 
Ypoquisfidm, hundes-rose. 
Jmqm^^^^^* chenille, henne- 

Viola, viole, appel-leaf. 
Alimoniitf wilde popi. 



Aizon, ginfuUe. 
TWia, tutie. 
lAtOTgirumy escurac de or. 

Inter friffidum el cahdum. 
Lapis lazuli, pere. 

Inter frigidum et calidum 

Mtrhis, gasel 
Bedagraget spina alba, wit- 

Arnoglom, plauntein. 



From A small M.B. on vellum , of the roortecDUi century^ in the poflaeasion ' 

of J. O. IIalliw«tl» Esq. (No. S10;)€oiiBkllDg chiefly of a religious exhorta- 
tory treatia^o* 

(FoL 1,1°) [Tjo knawe the bettur tny pnrpos in this bok^ 
wyielh welulle, that I desire evejy man and womman and cMldl 
to be 7ny modm\p>r my mile is that thei don thefmiur wille of 
hevetWi and Crist seilk, thai uche that doth hi^ Jadur tinlle is his 
brother f suster, and modur. 

Pater nosier. — Fadur in hevene, yd be thi 

name, come thi kindam, thi wille be don as in hevene and in 
erthe, oure uchedayes bred, jeve us to day, and forjeve us oure 
dettes as we forjeven oure dettoures, and lede us not into 
temptacioun, bote delyvere usofyveh Amen, 

Ave. — Hcyl Marie, ful of grace, God is whit thee, and bles- 
syd be thou among alle wymmenj and blessid the fruyt of thi 
wombe Jliesus. Amen, 

(Fol 1, v*") Credo. — I bylcve in God, fader almy^thi, maker 
of hevene and of erthe, and in Jliesu Crist, the sone of hym 
only oure lord, the wuche is consceyvcd of the holy gost, 
y-boren of Marie maiden, suffrede passioun under Pounce 
Pilate, y-crucifiedj ded, and buried, wente douu in to helle, the 
thridde day be roos from delhe, he steyet up to hevenes, he 
sitteth on the rijt syde of God the fadur alniy^ti, thennes he is 
to come to deme the queke and the dede. I byieve in the holy 
gost, holy chirch6 general, the comunyng of halewes, the for- 
jefenesse of synnes, the rysyng of flech, and the lyf wbit-oute 
ende* Aiuen. 

Alle thuse ten hestys spak God to Moyses in the Mounte of 
Sinay (a leaf is lost here.) 

(FoL 2, r**) The seven dedus of mercy, 

(Foi 4, V**) The seven %iftes of the hoUgoost, 

(FoL 6, v**) TTie ey^te blessynges of Jkesu Crtsi. As 




sweryng to tbe firste, God seith, Blossyd ben alle pourc in 
spirit, thai is, not proud ny boiled. To pile he soith, Blesssyd 
l^ alle meke, for he that bysyeth hyni \o ly ve piteuosly, he 
wurchipet God and holy writ, and reprehendot nn thing that 
he uaduTstondet not, and gnicchet not a^eynes God ny man, 
bote hath pit6 and reuthe, of alle thinges y vele fare, and that is 
to be mefce. To kunnynge Crist seith, Blessyd ben thei that 
bea soty, for thei schulen be counforted to ben delivered of hire 
wykede bondus that thei knowcn by holy writ, that thei han 
brou^t hem self inne whit unordynate love of worldly thinges, 
afejmes Gt)des hestes and no wondiir is it thou^ suche ben 
sory, for Crist wepte upon Jerusalem, for scheo hadde not this 
jift of kunnynge, and seide, ?ef thou haddest knowe the wo and 
tlie peyne that thou schalt suffre for thy wykednesse, thou 
Bsiadiesi wepe also* To the firthe Crist seith, Blessyd ben 
tbei t^t hungren and thursten rijtfulnes, desyring joy and love 
of heTeoely goodes, and traveillen bysyly to drawen hire love 
fro erthely thinges, for hire desyre schal be fulfuld. To the 
fy [fjthe Crist seith, Blessyd ben the mercy ful, for they schulen 
have loercy, and to suche is counseyl nedful ; therfore o reme- 
die is for to be delyvered of oure woes, that we for3even as we 
wolen have forjevenesse, and helpe hem andcounseile hem by 
oure power, as we desyren to be holpen of God, and that is 
re«oim and Godes wille. To the sixte Crist seith, Blessid ben 
the clene of herte, for thei schulen see God, jee thei schulen first 
seen hyio here by contemplacioun, that is to seye, by goode 
tbou^tes and desyres and goode undurstondynges, and aftur- 
ward thei schtden seen hyra as he is in joy whit-outen ende. 

To theaeventhe Crist seith, Blessyd ben the pesiblc folk, in 
the wuche alle thinges ben wel ordeyned, none sturynges over- 
comynffe resoun, bote al thing sugct to the spiryt, for he is suget 
to God. The eyjte blessynge is, Blessyd ben, seith Cnst, 
thei that so muche loven God, that for his love wolen sufTrc 
mysseyinges, hate, and al maner bodyly peynes, for huren is 
the kyndom of he\'en, and therefore beth glad and joyful whenne 
je thus suflrcn, for muche is jonre mede in hevene. And suche 
a soule that hath thuse serene jiftesof the holy gost, whit thuse 
cijte blessynges of Cristus mouth, may wel synge a mornynge 
songof love-likynge, that Cristus special synget in the Bok of 

See you, faire semely derlynge, oure luytel bed is huled 
whit floures, that is, the reste of contemplacioun, that thou hast 
maad feix whit vertucs, and feirer thou wolt maken hit in 
hevene, where schal be the grete bed of reste. The tymber of 
of oure hous is of cedur and of cypresse, that schal never rote, 
that is strong pacience and sad perseveraunce in tribulacioun 



for the grete smel of swetnesse of hevene this luytel bed is 

comen lo hem hothe, for delices that either hath to othar; for 
Codes sone seith, My delices were to be wliit mennes sones, 
sorwe to all that thii^e delices letteth. 

In the secoundc chapitre of this bok, Codes sone oonformynge 
hym to his special, synget his song, I flour of the feld, that is, 
moste red brennynge in charite, I hlie of the valeyes, that is 
most white chast love and moste smel|ciie, and whit this flour 
the bed mot be strawed, not only of the relygyous tokened by the 
lylye of the valeyes, bote also of the actite men of valoyes, for 
alle that wolenlyven mekely in Crista scbulen suffren perse- 
cucioun, and so hem byhoufet red brennyng charite of the 
flour, and chaste humjly te of the lylye, and as the lylye i^axinge 
and smellynge among thornes, that is, among synful men prick- 
ynge whit hir synnes, drof out of hem dcveles, and helede hem 
of hi re synnes, so my special schal do amotig dou^tres, Thenne 
the special onswerede, As the male is plentiuouse of apples and 
of le^Ts apiong trees of wodes, so is my derlyng among sones, 
undur his scbadewe y desyrede to sitte, and his fruy tes weren 
swete to my tast, whit his scbadewe he refrcschede me, and 
whit his fruyt hefedde me, that my strengthes laylejnot in tri- 
bolacioun. The kyng hath lad me in to a w}Ti-celer, and hath 
ordeyned in me charite, llmt ii*, my derlyng hath drawe my 
love fro worldly thingcs in to the grete multitude of swetnesse 
of the wuche Davyth wrondret(^fc), and thou^ my derlyng have*' 
thus leyd his lyft arm, that is erthely love, undW myn hed of 
my soule, and whit bis n%i arm byclipped me, I scyinge myn 
oune freelnesse for longe abydy nge and drede of fally nge, more 
trustyng to other then to my self, therfore je angeies and soules 
of seyntes, hule ?e me whit floures, and bysetteth me whit 
malys, for to i-conic to the fruyt that ^e ban, for I longe for 

Byhold, my derlyng, speketh to me, arys, come nerre, my 
special, come, my schaply thorw scharite, my colver thorw 
symplenesse, now wynlur is passed, that is the olde wone of , 
worldly coveitise that made me cold and hard y-froze as yse, ' 
the floures scheweth hem in oure ertbe, the voys of the lurtel 
is herd in oure herber, that is tliilk soule that the kyng of hevene 
hath y-Iad m to liis wyn-celer syngeth chast songes of love- 
mornyng for hire synnes and for deth of Crist hir make, wol no 
more sitte on grene bow^ lovynge worldly thinges, bote fedeth 
hire whit love of Crist, the clene whete corn, and lleth up in to 
the holes of his five wondes, lokyng whit simple y^es, in to the 
clcr watres of holy writ, and as a colver for drede of the fauken, 
that is the devel, fleynge careyne, that is fleschly love, as doun 
bothe the turtcl and the doufe* &c. 



(Fo!. 48, V*) — ^Therfore Crist, whan he was foiled, wente in 

to desert to be temptid of the devele, and faste fourty dayes 

fircMn bodiliche mete and drynke, and aftir he hungride, and 

the devyl came to hyra, and setde, If thou be Goddis sone, sey 

that thes stonys be maad breed. Crist answerd by holy writt, 

and seide, It is \^Tite, not oonly in breed a man lyveth, but in 

every word that comith of Goddis mouth. And then the devele 

toke up Crist oo a piler of the temple, and sayde, If ihou be 

Gooddis sone, leep thou doun ; it is write, be seith, that God 

woie sende to the aungels to kepe the fro hirtynge. And Crist 

seyde, It is write thou schalt not tempt thy God. And the 

thrid tyme the devil bare Crist on an hi^ hi He, and schewide 

hjTn alle the kyngdomes of the world and seide, AUe thes 

thyngis I wole ^eve the, if thou wolt falle doun worschepe me. 

Than seyde Jhesu, Go, Satanas, it is writyn, thy Lord God 

thou schalt worschepe, and oonly hym serve. Than the devyle 

left hym, and aungelis camyn and servedyn hym. O my leve 

dere modir, whiche a spedeful Icssoim and nedful to thee, and 

o alle that schulyn be saved ; spedeful, for it techeth thee 

how thou schalt dispose the to almaner of goode lyvynge, 

for he that came to teche al maner of goode lyvynge. It 

is nedeful, for it techith thee how thou schalt overcome the 

devile and almaner temptacion^, for alle maner synnys, asseith 

8eyn[t] Joon the evangelist, ben understonde in Ihilke thre 

that he temptide Crist ynne, first in glotonye, whan he baad 

Cri*t seye that the stonys were maad breed. Thus tlie devil 

fimth with men and wommen : first he slirith him to pappe and 

ptiji ' fleische, desjTynge delicous metis and drynkis, and 

«n 1 I (he piler with her homes, lockis, garlondis of goM 

rlis, callis, filettis, and wymplis, and ryi^lij 

kettis, colers, lacis, jackes, pattokis, with kv 

, and tims the devil bereth hen^ up upoo (fe 

'''*M( to fle above other symple folk, and i^^ 

i«-rte hem, but he lieth falsely, for b« Av 

1 - ■ - they werun glad, they schJnS^ 

utte of belle, and wel VMiiJ^ 

' ' fobs, than to Gtdi * 

-t.the devil^eltiAj 

VI. to ihmk 


^ ^^. 

n tbt 




that fallyn by hem* Hi more prevely he temptith some women 
of religioun to the tike where they mo wen have ony lordis 
doujtris or sones to techc hem curtesie, to lese t her with her 
owne soulis, more for the iiiayntenaiince of pride and her delicis, 
than for the worschipe of God or other goode vertues. And 
aiens all suche curside aray, spekith Davith in the Sautii, that 
the dou^tris of cursid folk ben al aboute reversid.. 

There ifl here a lacuna in the MS* and the ieyen iea?es which follow, 
though evidently helooging to the name volume, are written in e different 
bandf or at least with a different pen. It m»j be observed that a former 
potBeesoir of this MS. baa written in the dr»t page in a hand of ilie time of 
Queen; Elizabeth his name, * Robcrti Hare^* probably the same Antiquarian 
who colleeted together the munimente of the two tJniveriitiea. 


From MS- Arundel, 57, foL 94, r", uTitten in 1340, in the Kentish dialect. 

Pater nosier. Vader oure thet art ine hevenes, y-haljed 
by till name, cominde thi riche, y-worthe thi wil ase ine hevene 
and ine erthe, bread oure eche dayes yef ous to day, and vorlet 
ous oure yeldinges, ase and we vofleteth oure yelderes, and ne 
ous led na^t in to vondinge, ac vri ous uram queade. Zuo by 

Ave Maria, Hayl Marie of thonke vol, Lord by mid the. 
y-blissed thou ine wynmien, and y-blissed thct ouet of thine 
wombe* Zuo by hit. 

Credo. Ich leve ine God, vader almi^ti, makere of hevene 
and of erthe, and in Jesu Crist his zone on lepi oure Lord, thet 
i-kend is of the holi gost,y-bore of Marie may de, y-pynedonder 
Pouns Pilate, y-nayled a rode, dyad, and he-bered, yede doun 
to helle, thane thridde day aros vram the dyade, stea^ to 
hevenes, zit a the ri^t half of God the %^ader almi3ti^ thannes to 
oomene he is, todeme thequike and the dyade. Ichy-Ieve ine 
the holy gost, holy cherche generalliche, mennesse of hal^en, 
lesnesse of zennes, of vlesse arizinge^ and lyf evrelestinde. Zuo 
by hit, Wrt. 



D in niiiqae Tract, printed by Wynltjm de Worde, preeerved in the 
Public Library of the Utiiveriity of Cambridge. 

Here begynneth a lyteU gesfe, how the plowman lerned At# 
pater no^t^\ 

Som tyme in Fraunce dwelled a plowman, 

Wliicfie was myglity bolde and stronge • 

Goode skyll he cowde in husbondryj 

And gate his lyvynge fuIJ merely. 

He cowde eke sowe and holde a plowe, 

Bothe dyke, hedge, and mylke a cowe, 

Thresshe, fane, and gelde a swyne, 

In every season and in tyme ; 

To mowe and repe both grasse and come 

A better labourer was never borne ; 

He coude go to plowe with oxe and hors^ 

With whiche it were, he dyde not fors ; 

Of shepe the wolle of for toshere, 

His better was founde no where ; 

Strj^pe heinpe he coude to cloute his shone, 

And 8et gese abrode in season of the mone* 

Of fruytte he graffed many a tre. 

Fell wode, and make it as it sholde be. 

He coude theche a hous, and daube a wall ; 

With all tliinge that to husbondry dyde fall. 

By these to ryches he was brought. 

That golde ne sylver he lacked nought ; 

His hall rofe was full of bakon flytches, 

The chambre charged was with wyches 

Full of egges, butter, and chese. 

Men that were hungry for to ease ; 

To jnake good ale, malte had he plentye ; 

And Martylmas befe to hym was not deyntye ; 

Onyons and garlyke had he inowe ; 

And good creme, and mylke of the c«we. 

Thus by his labour ryche was he in dede ; 

Now to the mater wyU I precede. 

Crete good he gate and lyved yeresfourty. 

Yet coude he neyther pater jioster nor aj^e* 

In Lenten tyme the parsone dyde hym shryve ; 

He sayd, *' Syr, canst thou thy byleve T* 

The ploTvnman sayd unto the preste, 

** Syr, I byleve m Jhesu Cryste, 

44 Hgf^fK^am AKTIQUJE. 

Whiche suffred dethe and harowed hell. 

As I have lierde myne olders telL'* 

The parsone sayd, '' Man, late me here 

The saye devotely thy paier nosier, 

Thai ttou in hit no worde do lacke." 

Then sa} d the plowman, " What thynge is that, 

Whiche ye desyre to here so sore ? 

I herde never therof before." 

The preest sayd, '• To lerne it thou arte bounde, 

Or elles thou lyvest as an hoiinde : 

Without it, saved canst thou not be^ 

Nor never have syght of the Deyte ; 

From chyrche to be banysshed aye. 

All they that can not theyr paier nosier saye. 

Therfore I merv^ayll ryght gretly, 

That thy byleve was never taught the. 

I charge the, upon payne of deedly symie, 

Lerne it, heven yf thou wylte wynne/' 

" I wolde thressue;" sayd the plowman, " yeres ten, 

Rather than I it wolde leren. 

I praye the, syr persone, my counseyll kepe ; 

Ten wethers wyW I gyve the of my best shepe. 

And thou shake have in the same stounde 

Fourty shelynges in grotes rouiide. 

So ye me she we how I may heven reche." 

" Well !" sayd the preest, '** I shall the teche ; 

Yf thou do hy my counsel!, 

To heven shalte thou come ryght well" 

The husbonde sayd, " Yf ye wyll so. 

What ever ye bydde me, it shall be do," 

" Well !** sayd the persone, syth thou haste graunt 

Truly to kepe this c-ovenaunt. 

To do as I shall warne tlie shortly, 

Marke well the wordes that I saye to the : 

Thou knowest timt of corne is grete skarsnesse, 

Wherby many for hungre dye^ doubtlesse, 

Bycause they lacke theyr dayly brede ; 

Hondredes this yere I have sene dede ; 

And thou haste grete plentye of whete, 

Whiche men for moneye now can not gete. 

And yf thou wilte do after me^ 

Fourty poore men I shall sende the. 

And to eche of them gy^'e more or lasse 

Or they awaye fro the passe, 

I shall the double for thy whetc paye, 

Se thou here truly theyr names awaye, 



And yf thou shewe them all and some 

Ryght in ordre as they do come. 

Who is served fyrste and who laste of all." 

'* In fayth !*' sayd the plowman, "so I shall ; 

Go when ye wyll and sende them hyder, 

Fayne wold I se that company iogydet.** 

The parsone wente to fetche the route. 

And gadred poore people all ahoute ; 

To the plowraans hous forthe he wente ; 

The husbondeman was well contente 

Bycause the parsone was theyr surety. 

That made his herte moche mere mery. 

The preest sayd, " Se here thy men echone, 

Serve them lyghtly that they were gone.'* 

The husbondeman sayd to hyra aga^Tie, 

" The lenger they tary, the more is my payne/* 

F\Tst wenie pater, feble, lene, and olde; 

All his clothes for hungre had he solde ; 

Two busshelles of whete gate he there 

Unethe for age myglit he it here. 

Then came nosier ragged in araye ; 

He had his backe burden, and so wente his waye* 

Two peckes were gyven to Qui es in celis ; 

No wonder yf he halted, for kybed were his helys. 

Than came saiictijLcetur, and notnen iuum ; 

Of whete amonge them they gate an hole tunne ; 

How moche was therin I can not saye ; 

They two laded a carte, and wente theyr waye. 

In ordre folowed them other thre, 

Adceniat, regnum^ ttium, that was deed nye ; 

They thought to longe that they abode^ 

Yet eche of them had an hors-lode. 

The plowman cryed, ** Sirs, come awaye !" 

Than wente Jiaif voluntas, iita, sicut, in celo, et, in terra. 

Some blere eyed, and some lame^ with botell and bagge, 

To cover their arses they had not an hole ragge : 

Aboute ten busshelles they had them amonge. 

And in the waye homewarde full merely they songe. 

Than came Panemr jiostrum, cotidiamim, da nobis , hodie ; 

Amonge them fy ve they had but one peny ; 

That was gyven them for Goddes sake ; 

They sayde therwith that ihev wolde mery make : 

Eche had two busshelles of whete that was gode. 

They songe goynge home-warde a Gest of Robjn Hode. 

Et dimitte, nobis, debita^ nostra, came than ; 

The one sonburned, another black as a pan ; 



They preased in the hepe of come to fynde ; 

No \\'onder if they fell, for they were all blynde ; 

Eche of them an hole quartre they had, 

And streyght to the ale-hous they it lad. 

Sicui, et nos, dtmiitimns, debiiorthus, nostrist 

Came in anone, and dyde not mys ; 

They had ten busshelles, mthouten fayle. 

And layde fy ve to pledge for a kylderkyn of ale. 

Than came et, ne, jws, inducas^ in (emptationem : 

Ainonge them all they had quarters ten; 

Theyr brede was bakeii in a tankarde, 

And the resydue they played at the hazarde. 

By and by came sed libera nos a malo ; 

He was so wery he myght not go. 

Also Amen came rennynge anone ; 

He cryed out '* spede me, that I were gone;" 

He was patched, torne, and all to-rente ; 

It semed by his langage that he was borne in Kente. 

The plowman served them Ln^erychone, 

And was full gladde whan they were gone. 

But whan he sawe of corne be had no more, 

He wyshet! tliem at the devyll the r fore. 

So longe had he meten his corne and whete, 

That all his body was in a swete. 

Than unto his hous dyde he go ; 

His herte was fall of payne and wo, 

To kepe theyr names and shewe them ryght^ 

That he rested but lyteli that nyght. 

Ever he patred on theyr names faste ; 

Than he had them in ordre at the laste* 

Than on the morowe he wente to the parsone, 

And sayd, " Syr, for moneye am I come ; 

My corne I delyvered by the counseyl! of the, 

Remember the promes, thou arte theyr surety e/' 

The precst sayd, ''Theyr names thou must me shewe/ 

The plowman rehersed them on a rewe ; 

How they were called he kepte in mynde, 

He sayd that Amen came all behynde. 

The parsone sayde, *' Man, be gladde this daye, 

Thy paternoster now canst thou saye." 

The plowman sayde, '* Gyyo^ me my moneye !" 

The preest sayd, " I owe none to the to paye ; 

Thuughe thou dyde thy corne to poore men gyve, 

Thou mayst me blysse whyle thou doost lyve; 

For by these maye ye paye Cryste his rente, 

And serve the Lorde omnipotente," 


♦* Is this the answere/* he sayd^ " that I have shall ? 

I shall soramon the 8Lfore the ofFycyalK" 

So to the courte wente they bothe indede ; 

Not beste of all dyde the plowman spede. 

Unto the offycyalf the parsone tolde all, 

How it bytwene them two dyde fall, 

And of this pater nosier lernynge. 

They laughed, and made sporte inowe. 

The plowman for angre bended his browe. 

And sayd, ** This poor men have a-way all my come, 

And for my labour the parsone dothe me skorne/' 

The offycyall praysed gretly tlie parsone^ 

And sayd ryght well that he had done ; 

He sayd I " Plowman, it is shame to the, 

To accuse this gentylraan before me/' 

He badde him go home, fole as he was, 

And aske God mercy for his trespas. 

The plowman thought ever on his whete, 

And sayd, '' Agayne I shall it never gete/' 

Than he wente, and to his wj^fe sayd. 

How that the parsone had hym betrayde ; 

And sayd, *' Whyle that I ly ve certayne. 

Freest shall I never trust aga>Tie*" 

Thus for his come that he gave there, 

His pater nosier dyde he lere ; 

And after longe he ly ved withouten stryfe, 

TvU he went from his mortall lyfe. 

The persone disceased after also ; 

The3rr soules I truste to heven dyde go. 

Unto the whiche he us brynge, 

That in heven reygneth eternaU kyuge. 





From a MS. in the libraiy of l^rin. ColL Camb. B. 14, 39, of the flnt half of 
the thirteenth century. 

V GaucUa. 

' If ^ 

SeJAte Marie, levedi brist, 
Moder thou aft qf muchel mist,^ ^ i^ 

, Quene i^ hevene of feire bl^'; 
Galjriel to t^e he liste, / 
Th^ he brouste al wid ri^te 

Then holi gost to listen in th6. 
Godes word ful wel thou cnewe ; 
Ful mildeliche therto thoU bewe, 

Ant saidest, '* So it mote be !" 
Thi thonc was studevast ant trewe ; 
For the joye that to was newe, 

• Levedi, thou have merci of me ! 

If Seinte Marie, moder milde, 
Thi fader bicome to one childe. 

Sue joye ne seal never eft be. 
The stronge fend, that was so wilde, 
Godes hondiwerc he spilde, 

For on appel of the tre. 
Levedi, mon thou broutest bote. 
The stronge fend an under fbte, 

•Tho thi sone was boren of the : 
For the joye that tho was swote, 
Levedi, yemme grace that I mote 

Wid al mine miste lovien the ! 

U Seinte Marie, quene in londe, 
Godes moder ant Godes sonde, 

That te sculde ben so wo ; ^ 
Jewes heden thi sone an honde, 
Judas soldin hem to honde. 

On the rode heo gonnen him slo ; 
The thridde dai he ros to live ; 
Levedi, ofte were thou blive, 

Ac never so thou were tho. 
Levedi, for then ilke sive 
That tou were of thi sone blive, 

Al mi sunnes thou do me fro ! 

U Seinte Marie, maydan ant mere. 
So lengore o so betere thou were, 
Thou here hem alle that clepet the to : 

In muchele blisse that tou were, 
Tho thinne swete sone i-bere 

I-seie liim in to hevene sten* 
E ?it arist as ure drist, 
And weldet al, as hit Is rist. 

We mowen i-heren ant i-aen. 
Levedi, for thi muchele miste, 
Tlie swete blisse of hevene briste, ' 

Seinte Marie, herude me. *^ 

f The fifte joie is feirest in wede, •^ 
Tho tJiou in to hevene trede. 

To him that was of the i-born. 
Nou thou art in hevene quene, 
Mit tine sone, brist ant scene ; 

Al folc (Jhe hetet therfore. 
There is joie ant eke blisse. 
That ever last, wid-oute misse; 

Ant ther thou art (juene i-corn, 
Levedi, tuet thou me mi beue, 
For the joie that ever is newe, / 

Thou let !iie never be fUrlorn * 





From MS. Q. T. 3. of the flfteetiib centniyy in the Librai^r of Jetiu 
GoUege, Cambridge. 

In heven shall dwell all cristen men 

That knawe and kepe Goddes biddyngis ten. 

Primum Manchtum, 
Thow shalt luf Gml with hert entere, 
With all thy sauU and alt thy myght ; 
Other god in no manere 
Thow shalt not have, by day nor nyght. 

Secundum Mandatum. 
Thy Goddes name in vanyte 
Thow shalt not take, for wele nor wo ; 
Dismembyr hym noghti that on. a tre 
For the was raadn bothe blak and bio. 

Tet^lium Manduium, 
Thy haliday kepe wele alsso, 
Fra bodely werk thow take thy rest ; 



And all thy howshald the same sail do, 
Bothe wyf and childe, servant and beste. 

Quartum Mandatum, 

Thy fadir and modir thow shalt honour, 
Noght onely with reverence, 
Bot in thaire nede thou thaym socour, 
And kepe ay gode obedience. 

Qtiinhim Mandatum. 

Of mankynde thou shalt none sle, 
Ne harm with worde, wyll, nor dede ; 
Ne suflSr non lorn ne lost to be, 
If thow wele may than help at nede. 

Sextum Mandatum. 

Thy wyf thou may in tyme wele take, 
Bot non other womman lawfulle ; 
Lechery and synful lust thou fle and forsake, 
And drede ay God where so thou be. 

Septimum Mandatum. 

Be thou no thef, nor theves fere, 
Ne nothing wyn with trechery ; 
Okur ne symony cum thow not nere, 
Bot conciens clere kepe ay trewely. 

Octavum Mandatum. 

Thow shalt in worde be trewe alsso ; 
And fals wy tnes thou shalt none here ; 
Loke thow not lye for frende nor foo. 
Lest thow thy saull full gretely dere. 

Nonum Mandatum. 

Thy ne^hbur wyf thou not desire, 
Nor othir wymmen with syn covet, 
Bot as haly kirk wald it were. 
Right so thy purpos loke thou set. 

Decimum Mandatum. 

Hows, ne land, ne othir thyng, 
Thow shalt not covet wrangfully ; 
Bot kepe ay wele Goddes biddyng, 
And cristen fayth trow stedfastly. 





i from a fragment of* MS. on vellam» of Ibe 14tb eenturyi in tlie 
on of J* O. Hatilirel]) Esq, (No. 335.) It appears to be written in 
nkthcrs Konbem dialect, bat there Is no inteni&t evidence of it» age or of 
the ptrt of the coon try where it was written. In severfil cireumstuLDces, it 
I m remurkable r^emblance to the earlier Anglo-Saxon Medical books. 

For hym that is in the jaunes : tak wormot and seth hit 
latige in water, and wasch the seke man with that water thrys 
ryght wele, andgyf hirato drynk y vore schav^^n smal in wyne. 
Another: tak the rote of borage, and yf he be harde tharin 
stamp hit, and temper hit with a I;)!!!! ale, and do tharto 
^ffironne, and gif hym aij, sopes thre dayes at morn and even. 
.Another: drynk sorell, plantayne, and chekyn-mete tem- 
pered with aide ale raorne and even, . . , Another : tak y vore 
and saffronne, and stamp to-gyder, and temper hit upp with 
haly water, and drynk hit raorne and even, w^hen thu gas to 

bedde Another : tak a tenche, and clefe hit in twa al 

qwyk, and do away the banes, and lay hit to the herte and to 
the rybbes ; the seek man or woman sal drynk na Strang ale, 
l50t wengj^d with feble ale, no ete no gees no doune no rnste, 
na na maner of beef no porke, ne noght that commes of swyne, 
no drynk no wyne, no no new ale. ne nathyng thai hate es, few 
dathes? bath nyght and day swa . . , . fa leaf lost,) 

For hym that haves the squynansy : tak a fatte katte, and 
fla hit wele, and clene, and draw^ oiite the guttes, and tak the 
grees of an urcheon, and the fatte of a bare, and resynes, and 
feinygreke, and sauge, and gumme of wodebynde, and virgyn 
' al this mye smal, and farse the catte within als thu 

a gos, rost hit hale, and geder the grces and enoynt hym 

For ^' pe : tak re^v and stamp hit wele, and meng hit 

with fr» i-r, and do hit in a %^essel .ix. dayes, and cover 

hit weie, and i lien boy le hit, and draw hit thurgh a clath, and 
do than therto wax, and ensens, and boyle hit, and scome hit, 
and do hit in boystes, and enoynt the therwith. 
I Another for wynd and ventositc, that men calhs collica 
fw, and this es wel proved : tak and make the a girdi! of 
iteel skyn, and whil thu w^eres hit aboute thi body thu sal noght 
mi collica m passionem. 

•"or evel and werke in bledder : tak ache, percel, and fenkel, 
of ilkane i-lyk mykell, and stamp tharn wele, and temper tham 
with water/ and drynk hit. 



For the stane : tak grummel, percel, rede nettil, violet, fran- 
ken ensens, and chiristane kimels, and stamp tham to-gyder, 
and temper tham with stale ale and drynk hit. Another : tak 
everferne that grewes on the ake, and tak the rotes in Averell, 
and wasche hit wele, and stamp hit^ tak aj* copful of stale aJe 
and a copful of hony» and do tharto, and hete hit a lytil, and 
do away the soome, and drv'iik therof wha so will softely be de- 
lyverde. , , . Another : tak a hare withouten wounde, and the 
blak snayle, and bryn in a new pot al to pouder, and nieng hit 
in gude aid ale, and dryiik hit, . . . Another : tak the blode of 
a gajie buke, and do hit in a glasse when the mone is wa- 
nande, and the ,ix* day in that ilk mone lak tlie skyn of an hare 
al blody, and dry hit at the fire to thu may make ponder therof, 
and pouder of seede of lanett a sponfull, and of love-ache a 
sponfull, and of percell .ij. sponful, of the pouder of the skyn a 
sponful, and jj. sponful oi saffronni and of buk blode ,ij, sponful. 
temper al to^gider, and gyf hym drynke in leuke wjTie, and in 
a bathe. And if thu wil prove that hit es sothe, do therin qwat 
stane that thu will, and thu sal fynde hit broken on the thirde 

Another for to breke the stane : tak a cok that es a twel- 
moneth aide, and opon hym, and thu sal fynde in his mawe 
white stanes ; stamp tham wele in a morter, with a pesteli of 
yren, or how so thu ma>-, and temper hit with wyne, and drynk 
nil ; and if thu has the herberd, temper hit with water, and 
dr^-nk hit. Another : tak a scutarde als hale als he es taken, 
and bryn him in a newe potte al to powder, and of tha pouder 
ete ilka day next thi herte or in thi potage or how thu may best. 

For to draw oote a thorne r tak the barke of the hauthorne 
and stamp hit wele in red wyne, and do hit on the sare ah hate 
als thu may suffrye hit ; the rancle sa! abate, the thorn sal ga 
oute, the sare sal slake. 

For male de flaunke : tak the rotes of rede nettilles and 
playntayne, and stamp tham wele in ale, and do tharto cray 
that thir parch e me nei's wirkes withall, and ger hym drynk hit. 
Another: tak tlie sedes of the rede dokj and gif hym at ete 
morn and cveni hot kepe hym fra appels etyng. 

For werke and swellyng in thees or fete: tak the rote of 
walwort, and seth hit in water, and tak hit than, and do away 
the overmast rynd, and tak the mydilmaste rynde, and stamp 
hit with bare greese, and do hit on a clath, and bynd hit therto. 
Another, for bolnying: lak the souredock, and falde hit in a 
kale lefe, and lay liit on the aymers, and stamp hit, and lay hit 
t»n the sare. 

For schankes broken oute : tak the white malue^ and br^ii 
hiU ^Jd ^*ik the askes, and bare grees, and stamp tham togider, 
and enoynt the sare them ith, and tak of tha askes, and mak 
lee, and waach thi thees and thi schankes tharwith, ar thu 
enojiit tham, and eftirwarde when thu will wasch a\^ ay the 
grees, tak the white of -iij. egges mad in glajer, and whete 
fiauTi an3 erth of an oven, and playster al-to-gider, and do on a 
lyn clath, and w)mde aboute the sare. 

For the rancle and bolning:. ..tak the rede netylles on 
Myssomer even, and dry iham, and make ponder of tham, and 
do in the wounde. Another: tak avaunce, matfelon, yarow, 
andsanygin,and stamp thani, and temper tham with stale ale, 
and drynk hit morn and at even* Another for the rancle: tak 
the leves of loveache, and stamp tham, and temper tham with 
wyne, and gif the seke man a sponful at niorne and another at 
even. Another for bolnyng whare so it be : tak schepe t ridels, 
or swynes muk, and seth it in white wine, and lay hit al hate 
opon the bolnyng, for hit helpes in al bobiynges* 

For brynnyng with wilde fyre : tak rest bacon, and do hit 
on agxene hesill styk ; than fill hit full of dry sponyngof hesill, 
and bryn hit swa, and kepe the droppjmg in a newe woschen 
dische ful of water, and enoynt the brynnyng therwith. 

A gude oynment for kyles, woundes, broken banes, bolnyng 
of felon, and for the goute : tak bugle, i^enygle^ avance, vio- 
iete, ache, waybrcde, lylly, henbane, and morell^ gumme of 
ftsoure, plumtre, wax, wliite pik, that this spicers calles pix 
album, and fresch swyoe gree« or of a bare, and fresch sewet 
of aherte, and fresch talghof a schepe, of ilkane y-!yk mykel. 
stamp the greses wele ; do al this thynges to-gyder in a panne, 
and wel tham wele, and do rykels tberlo, and wrjng hit thorgh 
a clath in to a clene bacj^, and when hit es keled do hit in 

For a man that sal begyn to travayle : tak mugworte, and 
cary hit with the, and thu sal noght fele na werynesse, and 
whare thu dos it in houses na elves na na evyll thynges may 
com therin, ne qware herbe Jon comes noyther. 

For to make a woman say the what thu askes hir : tak a 
«itane that es called a gagatc, and lay hit under hir left pappe 
when scho slepes, that scho wit noght, and, yf the stane be gude, 
al that thu askes hir scho sal say the what scho has done. 

For to make a womans neke white and softe : tak fresch 
8\%^^nes grees molten, and hennes grees, and the white of egges 
half rosted, and do therto a lytel popyl mele, and enoynt hir 
therwith ofte. 




For to wete yf a seke man sal lyve or dy. . . . Qwen his 
broucs hildes doune ; the lefte eigh mare than the ryght ye ; 
ney^e ende waxes sharp; his eres waxes calde; his eighen 
waxes holle ; the chyn falles ; his eighen and his mouth es opon ; 
when he slepes bot he be wont iharto ; his ere-lappes waxes 
lethy ; his fete waxes calde ; his wambe falles away : if he 

ulle the straes or the clathes ; if he pykc at his neyse thrilles ; 

is forhede waxes rede ; yonge man ay wakang ; aide man ay 
slepand; his twa mcmbres waxes caldc agayne kynde, and 
hydes tham; if he rutills; this er the takouynges of dethe, for* 
sothe witte thu wele he sal noght leve thre dayes* 

For the fever quarteyn: . . .tak on Myssomer even eftir the 
Sonne sette, or on the niorne ar the sonne ryse, and geder pu- 
lioll real with the rotes als mykel als the lekes, and dry hit, 
and kepe hit to Yole, and lay that puliol on oyle nyght opon the 
auter, and late hit ligge til thre messysbe soungen, and thu sal 
se hit floresch at, newe flouresbryng furth; than tak hit away, 
and kepe hit, and when thu will gyf hit hym that has the fever 
quarteyne, stamp the Iloure and temper hit with warme wyne, 
and gyf hit hym at drynk, dicendo ier. Pater nosier. 

For the fever lente : qwha that has the fever agu, that men 
calles lente evell, if the sekeman heved werkes that he may 
noght slepp, tak everferne that waxes on the ake, with the rote, 
and seth hit wele, and tak mynt, of ayther y-lik niekell, and 
stamp thara wele, and mak ane emplaster, and lay on the for- 
heyd, and on the thunwanges, but enoynt hym first with 

If thu wcnes the fever sal tak the man or the morne : tak on 
the even before a glide falte ele, and do hit al qwhik in a litel 
pocenet ful of gude w^ne, and cover hit wele with a teghell 
stane that hit gaught oute, and lat liit lieswa all nyght; on the 
morne are the evell tak hym, undo that ele, and mak hit clene, 
and sethe hit wele with the skynne, and gif the sekeman at 
ete of this ele, or all if he may, and the wyne that hit es sothen 
in gor hym drynk off, and with Goddes grace he sal be de- 
liverd of his evel. 

For [to] do a man have the fevers, and sone do tham away : 
tak a nedcr alle qwik, and bornrd wormy s that men calles the 
nut res lieghen and setli tham in a new pote with water, and 
gider the hoinur that es abowen, and the grees thu fyndes in 
the potte, and do hit in a clene lome, and than sal thu, qwham 
that thu wille haf the fevers, enoynt his handes within and his 
fete undcrnelli and his thunwanges, and he sal tremble and 
qwake als sone; and qwen thu will do hit away, do hym in a 



fatte fill of hate water upp to the chynne, and [he] sal be de- 
li verd al sone. 

For the goute : * * • tak leves of the henbane on Mydesomer 
evene, and stamp tham a litell, and fill a mykell potte bretfull, 
and thrille the potte bothomm, and cover it abnwen with a 
leghell stane, and make a bole depe in the erth under the herth- 
stane, and do that pott tharin, and sett a Utell lede under the 
pott bothomm to kepe in the oyle tha coinmes of the henbane 
thurgh the potte, fill than the hole up all abowte the potte with 
erthe, and lay agayne the erthstane, and dyght it that thow 
may mak tlii fire tharon alle that twelfmoneth; than tak up 
that thou fyndes in the lede, and do hit derely up in vessell of 
glas. This oyle h wonderly gude to the goute, and to rancle, 
and to many other evelle, if nit be oft sythes cnoynt tharwit 
by the fire. If thu has noght this oile, tak that oyle that es 
made of the sede of henbane als men makes of other sedes, and 
enoynt the goute tharemth. 

Another drynk to wounde : tak confery, marigolde, matfelon, 
mylfoyle, avance, cerfoyle, herbe Robert, ambrose, nmroile, 
pell wet, rede-dok, polipody, the qwite rote of walwort, bay- 
wort, and celidoyne, of ilkane illike mykell, and of nmdre 
hafe the wegh of al thir othir herbes byfor nevend, scth tham 
in ale or in wyne, and drynk tham morn and even, and do a!s 
hit says before. 

For hyin that es gorwoundede : tak a har of a hare skyn, 
and wynde hit rownde als a appel, and swelglt hit done, and he 
salle be sauf 

The latter part of the MS, Is in a different hand, written apparently at the 
end of the fourteenth or eari j in the fitleeDth century ; it conristA also of 
medical receipts, among which are the two foUowitig. 

For to make rubarbe: kutte away the bowys of the brome 
anone to the rote, than dygge away al abowte the rote, so that 
ye may come wel therto; than perse hym with holys alle 
abowte, so that no hole mete w^ith other, and so lete stonde alle 
the xij. monthe, then take hym uppe, 

Yf thu welte preve mastereys : take a c^cke chyke, and 
putte a knyffe throw his hede, and than put the jus of fylage 
m the hole, and he scEiale go tbrthe and krow, and ly ve never 
the worse, 




- From a quarto Mannioript on TeUuaiy of tka hegiimtag of the fifteenth 
^entiirjy in the poneMlon of J. O; HalliweU> Eiq. (No. 8, Ibl. 50y r*,) 
ooniliting of Aitrologicaly Medieal, and HiieeUaneona fragments. 

To make dUe thefisches in a pamt to come to thy hand. 

Tak palma Christi and frankandsence, and medul hem to- 
gedir^ and put hit in afome clowte, and hold the poudcr on thi 
finger that a gold ryn^ is upon, and wasch thi hond in every 
corner of the pont, fisches wolle come to thi honde. 


From MS. Harl. 3810, fol. 13. ▼% of the fifteenth centoiy. 

Serve thy God trwle ; 
And the world bysely ; 
Ete thy mete merely. 

So schalt thu lyve in hele. 

3if thou be visite with poverte, 

Take it not to hevyle; 

For he that sende the adversite 

May turn^ the jgen to wele. 

If tliou be in prosperite, 
Set not to lyte by poverte ; 
Spende aftur thy degre, 

And be not to lyberal. 

Purpose thy selfe in charite ; 
Demene thy worschip in honeste ; 
Lete not nygardschip have the maystre, 

For schame that may befalle. 

Faver not meche thy rycches ; 
Set not ly teel by worthynes ; 
Kepe thyn hert from dowblenes. 

For any manner thing. 

Loke thu love lowlynes ; 

With merthe put awey hevynes ; 

Lete not worldly bysynes 

To wanhope the bryng. 





From MS. Hart Ko. 3724* fol. 44, r'. and v*". of the thirteenth century. 

I bilere in God fadir alinichty, sshipper of hevene and of 
eorj^e, and in Jhesus Crist, his onlepi Bone, ure loverd, |7at is 
i-vang burch ]?e holy gost,bore of Marie Mayden, ];w3lede pine 
under Pounce Pilat, picht on rode tre, ded and y-buriid, licht 
in to helle, pe ^ridde day fram deth aro??, steich in to hevene, 
sit on his fadir richt honde, God ahnichti, ]?enne is cominde to 
deme ]>e quikke and ^e dede. I bileve in |?e holy gost, al holy 
chirche, mone of alle halwen, forgivenis of sinne, fleiss upris- 
ing, lyf wij?uten ende. Ainen. 

Pater Noster in Anglico. 

Ure fader in hevene riche^ 

hi name be haliid ever i-liche, 

pu bringe us to l^i michil blisce, 

pi wille to wirche )?u us wisse, 

Als hit is in hevene i*do 

Ever in eor]?e ben it al so, 

J)at holi bred j?at leste]? ay 

bu send hit ous |?is ilke day, 

Forgive ous alle ]?at we havi]; don, 

Als we forgivet uch o}>ir man, 

Ne lete us falle in no fondinge, 

Ak scilde as fro \m foule )?inge. Amen* 

On the yereo of the last folio, in n later hand* 

Silly sicht i seich, unsembly forte se, 

As wil as liit was fetherto, umdind forte fle< 



Ffom the same Monuscnpt^ fol. 4, v"* 

Si tibi pulcra domus et splendida mensa, quid inde I 
Si non accessus hominum sit, tunc nichil inde. 
Si coniux pulcra, si proles multa, quid inde 1 
Si mulier meretrix, mala proles, tunc nichil inde. 
Si dccies hominum tibi serviat ordo, quid inde ? 
Si domini servi perversi, tunc nichi! inde. 
Si doceas socios de qualibet arte, quid inde ? 
Si cor non retinet quae discunt, tunc nichil inde. 



Si pulcher fueris, sapiens, fortisque, quid inde 1 
Si malus et mendax^ non audax, tunc nichil inde. 
Si tibi sint pecora, si preedia multa, quid inde? 
Tarn cito prsetereunt haec omma^ quod nichil inde. 

Judice Francigena sacco portatur a vena, 

Sed Bachi vena ciatho, cratere, lagena. 

Projiciatur liumi, ne possit abinde resumi, 

Fluctibus assumi dignissima filia fumi, 

Filia festuc£e nostrae contraria bucse. 

Est dampnanda cruce, neque nocte placet neque luce, 

Filia fermenti nostree contraria genti, 

Mater tormenti nocitura nocensque bibenti. 

Venter enim turget, quern fermenti furor urget, 

Surgit et exurget, donee digestio purget* 

Ecce molendinura fiindit non \ine vinum, 

Potio mortalis, mala potio, potio talis, 

Pernicies homini genus hoc potus peregrinum. 

Hactenus hunc potum michi solo nomine notum, 

Devoveat totum seria ventura nepotum. 

A nobis totum se sentiat esse remolum, 

Et fieri scotum qui mandit pro dape potum. 

Si censura Jovis tribus apprecianda sit ovis, 

Legibus ista novis reprimet sub judice quo%is. Amen* 



From a quwrto MS. of the fifteenth cenliny on paper, in the Abamol. Ut>. 
Oxford, 750, f, 100. y\ 

Wytte is trechery ; 
Love is lechery ; 
Play is vileney ; 
And holyday is glotery, 
Olde man is skorned ; 
Jong woman is wowed ; 
Ryche man is glosed ; 
And poure man is bowed. 






FitMD iome poems Id praioe aF the Mas8| in MS. H&rl. Ka« 9964, of Uie 
Utl^ liilf of Ihe fourteenth ceotury. It containa, betides tbese poems, 
eopietof the English venion of Sir John Maundevile'^ Travels and Piers 
Ploof htnan * The langriage bem a considerable resemblance to that of the 
S0mfs tmd CaraU in MS. Sloana, No. 2503^ of which a selection was printed 
trj Mr. Pickering in 183C» and which was conjectured to be in the dlmloet of 
Warwickshire or Nottinghamshire. 

Narratio Satwti Augustinu (fol, 75 r^.) 

Evyl gostes, wel thu wete, 
Tbjm evyl wordes ban wrete 

In here bokys icbonj 
This wytnessyt sent Aiist3ni, 
That fyrst in Inglond with gyn 

Trewe prechyng begon. 
Beforn that Austyn to Inglond kame ; 
With sen Gregory in Rome, 

For sothei he gan duelle, 
Tyl on a day of derworthynesse 
Sen Gregory wold seyn a messe, 

Fayre as hynam befelle. 
Onto sent Austyn he made a sygne, 
For to ben hys dekene d3'gne, 

To redyn hys gospelle ; 
And as he redde^ he sey a sy^h, 
jij. wyvys setyn to-gydder ryth, 

riere talys gun thei telle. 
Quat thei spokyn he herd al 
Thour a wyndowe at a wal 

Nout fer fro hys face. 
He saw a fend syttyng therin, 
With penne, ink, and parchemyn, 

As God ^af hym grace. 
He wrot so long that hym schant, 
And hys skyn gan to want, 

To spekjTi he had space : 
He had so mych haste. 
With hys naylys faste 

Hys rolle gan he race. 
So sore rnffyn loggyd hus rolle, 
That he smot with nys choUe 

Ajen the marbyl ston ; 
Alle that sotyn tber aboule 
Of the dynt weryn a duute, 

Hee herdynt everychon* 
Quan the fend so foul drow, 


Sent Austyn stod and low; 

Gregory sore gan grame. 
Ner far grame the good man grete ; 
Quan he \^ith Austyn gati mete, 

He made to hym hys mane ; 
And askyd hym with myld mod, 
Qwo made hym so wytles wod 

That day to done that dede, 
Suech a dede was never done 
He onsweryd a^en sone, ' 

Of hym he hadde drede: 
*' Sere, greve ^u not tyl ^e wete ; 
Jonder I saw Sathanas sete. 

It semed hys hed gan blede ; 
For he wrot before that brayd, 
At that iij, wyvys sat and sayd, 

As I stod for to rede. 
Were ^e not frayid of the dynt ] 
It banyd me and made me stynt 

Out of my ry th stevene* 
I seye but that I sev, 
A word I w^yl not ley. 

Be Jhesu Crj^st of hevene. 
Sere, je may ful w^el trowe," 
He let hym to the wyndowe, 

That I before gan mene, 
Lyk blod ther was bled, 
As blak as ony pyk spred 

Upon the pekrys evene. 
Than the good man grevyd hym lasse ; 
And komaiindyd men at every masse 

Of this myracle to mynne ; 
And bad hem, with god wylle, 
Stedfastly holdyn hem sty lie 

In chyrch quan thei weryn inne. 
** Kep 3U out of Goddis warke, 
Ther is no word that pw skape. 

But that ^e don synne. 
To lettyn a prest in hys messe^ 
Al aloud myth fare the wersse, 

Out of woo to Wynne. 
Of the wyvys gun thei wete, 
Qwat hee spokyn as hee &ete 

Sent Austyn besyde. 
Be here answer hee wyste wel 
Thei hadde spokyn myk-yl unseyl^ 

Hee mythtyn it not hyde. 


Narratio de virtute missarum, (fol 77, v*.) 

Sumtyme ther was a poure man, 
I xal wM telle, as I can, 
That labouryd and travaylyd for bus lyf ; 
He had a good woman to has wyf. 
The poure man, I 30U say, 
Was temptyd with a fend nyth and day; 
He was in po)mt to for-doim hj-mselve 
Aboutyn a ten tyme or .xij. 
Hys wyf was evermore at hus hand, 
And so sche gan hym withstand. 
She was wys of here werk, 
And preyid hym for to gon to kerk, 
Of here persone to ben sbreve; 
Therafter they xuldj'n the better leve. 
This man tok hys wyvys reed, 
And to the persone gan hym sped, 
And told hym al hys evyl dede. 
And pre>^id hym to redyn hym sum rede. 
The persone thout of that cas. 
He sau ful perlyous it was; 
Jyf he for-dede hyroself so, 
He were for-lore for ever mo- 
He bad that man al that ^er 
Comyn every day a messe to her ; 
" And ^yf thu wylt do so, 
Thi destene thu xalt over-go/* 
The poure man seyd, nay, 
Hym most travayfyn every day ; 
He hadde non other levyng. 
But of hys dayis travaylyng. 
'* Jyf I xuld a messe cum to, 
That dayis werk me most for*go.*' 
The persone seyd, '* be my fay I 
I xal 5ef the a peny every day, 
And cum and here thin messe snelle, 
Quan I rynge the messe belle." 
The poure man, withoutyn nay, 
Cora to messe every day 
Quan he herde the belle rynge, 
And had a peny to hys spendynge. 
Thus he contynuyd al that ^ere, 
Com every day a messe to here; 
And quan the messe was do, 
Wente a^en hus laboure to; 
Tyl it was ny the jerys ende. 



A feyre there was holdyn hende. 
This poure man had suyn to selle. 
And theder he wold^ as I ju telle. 
On morwe he ros and gan hyra dresse; 
Hys wyf bad hym bydyn and here messe. 
He answerd and seyd, nay, 
He xuld here messe by the way; 
Ther stod a chyrch as he xuld gon, 
Ther wolde here hys messe done, 
*' For ^yf I byde^the person us masse, 
The feyre xal be mekyl passe*'* 
He tok hys suyn and forth gan gone. 
For by the chyrch hys thout was one. 
Quan he com at the chyrche ^ate. 
He food a clerk stoodynge ther-ate*. 
The poure man seyde the clerk to : 
" Is here ony messe to do ]" 
The clerk seyde, '* Nay, i-wys. 
Of a messe thu myth well mys/* 
The poure man seyde a^en there, 
" A messe wolde I fayn here/' 
The clerk seyde, " So mote I the ! 
I have herd this day aij. 
Quat wy!t thu jeve, so Cryst the save ! 

And tak the qwych thu wylt have* 

The man seyde, ''So mote I the .' 

A peny xal I aevyn the,*' 

He seyde, " Nay, withoutyn lak, 

No lece than the tabard on thi bak." 

The man seyde, "That were me lot for-bere; 

Be ueyin I have but sympul gere I 

But rather than I xulde fayl. 

Have it here for thi travayl V* 

He kest of his tabbard anon ; 

The clerk gan it on done* 

The clerk seyde, " So mote [I] the ! 

I have herd messes Jij* ; 

On of the Triny te that is most, 

Anothere of the Holy Gost, 

The *iij. of oure lady fre ; 

Tak qwych thu ^ylt to the." 

The man seyde, "So mot I the! 

I holde me to the Trinyte/* 

The clerk seyde, " Cryst the save ! 

And graunte the al the mede that I xuld have I'* 

The man went fort with hys suyn, 


And dede hys feyre wel an fyn ; 
And as he cam homward ajyn, 
He herde mekyl cry an dyn. 
Summe crydyn and seydyn, alas 1 
Ther was fallyn a ferly cas; 
A man that never was evyl of play; 
Hadde for-done hymself that day. 
Than was it the clerk that I of tolde, 
That had the medes of the raesse solde; 
Here he hadde the destenee 
That the poure man xulde abe. 
Than the man thoute in hus prevytCj 
That was hys owyn destene, 
And throu the vertu of the masse 
It was away fro hyra passe. 
He went horn and dede hym shryve. 
And was a good man al hus lyve. 
Be this example men moun se 
Quat vertuwys in the messe be ; 
Therefore I redef be my fay ! 
We heren messe qwyl we may, 
And do summe messy s for to seyne 
To bryngyn our frendes out of peyne. 
Now God that suffrod for us ded, 
And leftyt here thi body in bredj 
Thu 5yf us grace to servyn the, 
Here in erthe qwyl we be* 
Amen 1 Amen [ for chary te ! 

A place, as man may se^ 
Quan a chyld to scole xal set be, 

A bok hym is browt, 
Naylyd oo a brede of tre, 
That men callyt an abece, 

Pratylych i-wrout. 
Wrout is on the bok withoute 
.V. paraffys grete and stoute, 

Rolyd in rose-red ; 
That is set withoutyn doute 

In tokenyng of Cristes ded* 
Red letter in parchemyn 
Makyth a chyld good and fyn 

Lettrys to loke and se. 
Be this bok men may d>^yne 
That Cristes body was fill of pyne, 

That deyid on rode tre. 



On tre he was don fill blythe, 

With grete paraffys,that ben wondes .t., 

As te moQ understonde. 
Loke in nys body, mayde and wyfe, 
Qwon hee gun naylys dryve 

In fot and in tionde ; 
Hond and font ther was ful woo, 
And ther were lettrys many moo 

Within and withoute. 
With red wondes and strokes bio 
He was dryve fro top to the too, 

Hys fayre body aboute. 
About jthis a pece I wyl spede, 
That I myth this lettrys rede, 

Withoutyn ony dystaunce, 
But God that let hys body sprede 
Upon the rode for manys nede, 

In hevene us alle avaunce ! 
God with spere was wondyd for us, 
Fals Judas to mendyn hys purs 

To ded hath hymra sold* 
On Goodfryday clerkys seyn thus, 
Mortum est, ded is Jhesus, 

In ston is ded and cold. 

Tbe tatter piece ia tlie mtmduction to a poem of near t200 lloea, of wliich 
each paragntph begins with the different letters of the alphabet in isucces- 



From MS. Harl. 7322, a conunon-place book on veUum of the fourteeoth 


f. 79. r*. Kinge I sitte and loke aboute, 

To-morwen y inai beon withoute. 

Wo is me ! a kinge ich was; 

This world ich lovede, bote that I las. 

Nouth longe gon I was ful riche, 

Now is riche and poore i-liche. 

Ich shai beo kinge, that men shuJle seo, 

When thou wrocche ded shalt beo. 

1 121. r-. Alle his frendes he shal beo loth, 
And helud shal ben with a cloth ; 
Hyse eres shullen dew en ; 


And his eyen shuUen dytnmen ; 

And his nese shal sharpen ; 

And his skyn shal starken ; 

And his hew shal falewen ; 

And his tonge shal stameren ; (other famelen) 

And his lippes shulle bliken ; 

And his hondes shulle quaken ; 

And his teth shulle rateleo; 

And his throte shal rotelen ; 

And his feet shullen streken ; 

And his herte shal breken ; 

And of al this wordles h[!]isse 

Ne wold y ^eve a pese i-wis ; 

Thou that art so proud, 

Ne shalt thou have bute a clout. 




From the Role of Nuns, by Simon de Ghent, in MS* Cotton. Nero A, 
XIV, fol. 50, Vo. of the middle of the thirteentli ccntary. Two other copies 
are prc a c rved in the British Museum, MSS. Cottao. Titus D* XVI 11* and 
Cleop. C. VI. The latter MS. is the oldest of the three. We intend on 
future occasions to give Extracts from the other MSS. In Magdalen College, 
Oxford, is preserved a Latin translation of this hook. 

Holy men ^ holi \inimmen beo? of alle vondunges swu'^est 
ofle i-tempted, ^ ban to goddre heale; vor i]>e vihie ageines 
han, heo bigite-S he blisfule kempene crune. Lo ! )>aub \\w\i 
hemeneS ham bi Jeremie : persecutores nostri velociores aquilis 
celi, super monies perseciUi surit nos ; in d^serlo insidiaii sunt 
nobis. ])et is, ure wiSerwines beolS swiftare J^en |;e earnes ; 
up o^e hulles heo clumben efter us, ^ ber fuhten mid us, ^ get 
iBe wildernesse heo aspieden us to slean. Ure wij^erwines 
beo'S ]>reo : J?e veond, ^e world, 3 ure owune vleshs, ase ich er 
seide. Lihtliche ne mei me nout o|>erhule i-cnoweo hwuc of 
Jwos hrco weorretJ himj vor everichon helped o)>er, |?auli ]?e 
veond kundeliche e^gi^'6 us to altcrnesse, as to prude, to over- 
howe, to onde, 3 to wre SSe, 3 to hore attri kundles, )>et beoS her 
eiler i-nemmed, ]^et flesh put propremen touward swetnesse, 3 
touward eise, ^ toward softnesse, ant te world bit mon giscen 
wordcs weole •] T\^mie 3 wurschipe, 3 oJ>er swuche ginegoven, 
|>et bidweoUeS kang men to luvien one scheadewe. beos m- 
Cenvines, he seiS, voluwed us on hulles, *] awaiteo us i^e 




. wildernesse, hu heo us rouwen hermen, Hul, )>et is heih lif, J>er 
bes deofles assaiiz beo^ ofte strengest ; wildernesse, |?et is on- 
lich lif of ancre wnninge, vor also ase ine wildernesgc, beo^ 
alle wilde bestes, ■) nuUe'^ nout i-j^olcn monnes neihlecbunge, 
auh fleo^ hwon heo ham i-here^ obor J-seo^, also schulen 
ancren over alle o|>re wunimen beon wilde o fisse wise, ^ |>eoiine 
bee's heo over alle opve leovest to ure loverde, ^ swetest him 
JjuncheS hain ; vor of alle flesches ]>eonne is wilde deores 
neschs leovest "] swetest, I )?isse wildeniesse wende ure 
loverdes folc.ase Exode tellelS, touward tet eadie londe of Jeru- 
salem, )>ct he hamhefdebihoteiu Aiid ge, mine leove sustren, 
wendeb bi }>eii ilke weie toward te heie Jerusalem, to |?e kine- 
dom f he have^ bihoten his i-corene. Go^ )>auh ful warliche, 
vor i |?isse wildernessc beoS monie uvele bestes ; liun of prude, 
neddre of attri onde, um'corne of wreSSe, beore of deadslouhSe, 
vox of giscunge, suwc of givernesse, scorpiun mid te teile of 
stinkinde lecberie, J^et is golnesse. Her beo^ nu a-reawe i-told 
fe seoven heaved suimen. 

])e Hun of prude have-S swn^ monie hweolpes, ^ ich chulle 
iiemraeti summe. Vana gloria hette ]>e vorme, |?et is hwo se 
let wel of ei ]nng |?et heo delS, ^ wolde habben word Jjerof, *} is 
wel i-paied gif heo is i-preised, ^ mis i-paiedgif heo nis i-told 
swuch ase heo wolde, be o]>er hweolp hette indignatio^ bet 
is hwo se |>ufiche'S hokerfich of out 'Set heo i-sihS bi o|ire, ooer 
inheres, of?er vorhoweS chastiement, o]7er lowure lore. J>e 
|>ridde hweolp is Ipocnsis, liet is |>eo ]?et makeS hire betere 
fen heo beo, Jje veorSe is, presumption l^et is j>eo 'Set nimeiS 
more an bond Jjen heo mei overcumen, o|>er entreraeteS hire of 
J>inge }jet to hire ne valleS. be vifte hweolp hette inobedi- 
ence, |>et i.s Set child ]jet ne buhS nout his eldre, underling his 

f>Telat , paroschian his preost, meiden hire dame, everich lowure 
vis herre, |>e sixte hweolp is hquacitast |>eo vedeS }?esne 
hweolp jyet beoS of muchel speche^ gelpeSj ^ demeS obre, 
lauhweS o^Ser hwules, gabbeS, upbreideS, chideS, vikele-S, 
sturie^ leihtres, he seoveSe hweolp is blasphemie ; ]>isses 
hweolpes nurice is -fee |>et swere^ greate oSes, oSer bitterliche 
kurseS, o|jer missei'5 bi God, o^er bi his baluwen, noreni J^ing 
•Se he ]?ole'S, i-sih^, oSer i-here]?. JjeeihteoSe hweolp is im- 
pacience ; besne hwelp fet hwo se nis nout bolemod agean alle 
wowes, -] m alle y veles. ])e nige^e hweolp is contumace \ -y 
]?esne hweolp fet hwo se onwil ine ^iuge ^et heo haveS under- 
numen vorto donne, beo hit god, beo hit uvel, so ^et non wisure 
read nemei bringen hire ut of hireriote. Monie obre |>er beolS 
"Set eumeS of weole, ^ of wunne, of heie kunne, ot foire clo|?es, 
of wit, of wiite, of strenclSe. Of heie live waxeS prudo, 3 of 
holi )?eauwes. Monie mo hweolpes }?en ich habbe i-nempned 



haveS he Hun of prude i-hweolped ; auh abuten J^eos }?enche1S 
-) a^tuaicS wel swu^e, vor ieh go lihtliche over, ne do bute 
nempaie ham. Auh ge everihwar hwar se ich go swu'Sest forS, 
bileave ge he lengure, vor j^er ich fe|>ri on, awur^eS tene o|?er 
tweolve, Hwo se haveS eni uujjeau of beo Set ich er nemde, 
oSer ham i-Uche, heo haveS prude sikerliche, hu se ever hire 
kurtel beo i-scheaped, oj^er i-seouwed, heo is liunes make j^et 
ich habbe i*spckeii of^ 3 fet his wode weolpes wi-Sinnen hire 

pe neddre of attri onde haveS seove kundles. Inffratitudo; 
yesne kundel bret hwo se ois nout i-cnoweii of god dede, auh 
t^Ue^ lutel Jjerof^ oj^er varg;ite^ mid alle : god dede ich siggie 
nout one yet raon deti hira, auh ]?et God deS him, oSer have^ 
i-don him, otSer him oSor liire, more )^en heo understonde, Gif 
heo hire wel bi^ouhte, of ]?isse ujibeauwe me niraed to lutel 
geme, ant is |>auh of alle on lowest 6od, ^ mest agean his grace, 
be oyer kundel is, rancor sive odiwu^ |?et is, hatunge o|>er great 
neorte ; }>e Set bret J?esne kundel in hire brcoste, al is attri to 
gode, j?et heo ever wurche^. pe J^ridde kundel is of|>unch- 
unge of o^res god, |>e veorSe is gledschipe of his uvel» lauh* 
wen o|?er gabben gif him mis biveolle* pe vifte is wreiunge* 

£e sixte, bacbitunge. pe seoveJSe, upbrud ober schornunge, 
[war ase eni of )?eos was, o|?er h, |>er was oSer is pe knndel, 
opet pe olde moder, of be attri neddre of onde. 

pe unicorne of wre^b^e pel bere^ on his neose Jjene home, 
bet he asneseS raide alle beo -Set he areacheK, have 5 six 
Weolpes ; ^e vormeste is cneaste, o)>erstrif ; be o^er is wod- 
scipe; ye ]?ridde is schenful upbrud ; j>e veoroe is wariunge ; 
be vifte is dunt ; pe sixte is wil }Sei him uvele i-tidde, o}?er on 
nim sulf, oJ>er on his freond, oSer on his eihte. 

pe bore of hevi slouhSSe have 5 ]jeos h weolpes. Torpor is pe 
vorme, )?et is wlech heorte,)7et schulde leiten al leie, ine luve 
of ure loverde. be o|>er is, pusillanimitaH^ |jet is to poure i- 
heorted -) to herde mid aUe, eni heit }iing to undernimen, ine 
hope of godes helpe, ^ ine truste of his grace, ^ nout of hire 
strencSe. pe |jridde is cordis gravitas ; j^esnc hweolp haveS 
hwo se wurche^ god, "] deS hit tauh mid one deade ■) mid one 
be\ae heorte. pe veorJSe hweolp is idelnesse^ pei is hwo se 
stunt mid alle, pe vifte is heorte grucchunge. be sixte is a 
dead scoruwe vor lure of eie worldliche )nnge, ooer of freond^ 
Oj^er vor eni untionc, bute vor sunne one, pe seove'Se is, 
gemeleaschtpe, o]?er to siggen^ otier to don, ober to biseon 
bivoren, o5er te j^enchen efter, o^er mis witen ei )>ing pet heo 
haveS to witene. J>e eihteoSe is unhope; )>es laste bore hweolp 
is grimmest of alle, vor bit to-cheoweS *] to-vret Gudes milde 
milce, -y his muchele merci, -} his imimete grace. 



]>e vox of giscuTige haveS |>eos hweolpes j tricherie ; ^ gile ; 
JjeofSe ; reflac ; wite ; j herrure stren'^e ; vals-witnesse, o^er 
oh ; simoiiie ; gavel ; oker ; vestschipe of geoue, oJ?er of love ; 
monsleiht o5er hule, |)eos un|?eawes beo5 to voxe vor monie 
reisuns i-efnede Two ich chuUe siggen ; muclie gile is ilSe 
voxe, ^ so is ine giscunge, of worldliche bigeate ; and an olSer 
reisun is, be vox awurieS all enne floe, |jaun he ne muwe bate 
one vrechliche vorswoluwen, also giscelS a gissare |?et moni 
busunt muhten bi flatten, auh |?aiih his heorte berste. he ne mei 
oruken on him sulf bute one monnes dole. Al ^et nion o)?er 
wuinmon wilne"?? more l^en hco mei gnedelicbe leden hire 
lif bi, everich eftcr ^et hco is, al is giscunge ^ role of deadlich 
sunne. pel isriht religion, }>et everich elter his stat, boruwe 
et tisse vrakele worlde so luiel so heo ever met, of mete, of 
cloSe, of eihte, j of all worldliche ]?inges. Understonde^ wel 
^is word ^ ich ou sigge everich efter his stat ; vor hit is i- 
veMred, ^et is i-charged, g€ moten makien ^ed wote ge in 
monie wordes muche streocSe; |>enchen longe |>er abaten, 
^ bi^et ilke o word, understonden monie wordes fet limpe'S 
l^rto, vor gif ich scholde writen alle, hwonne come ich toende? 

|je suwe of giveraesse, ]jet is glutunie, haveS pig^es )>us i- 
nenimed ; to erliche hette |jet on ; ]?et o^er, to estliche ^ ]?et 
J^ridde, to vrechliche ; ]}Qi feorSe hette to muchel ; ]jet fifte, to 
ofte ine drunchc, more ]jcn ine mete. ]>iis beo^ ]?eos pigges i- 
nemned. Ich speke scheortliche of ham, vor ich nam nout of 
died, mine leove sustrcn, ]jel ge ham veden. 

J>e scorpiun of lecherie, ]?et is of golnesse, have 5 swuche 
kundles, yet in one we! i-cowune mu^e hore summes nome 
ne sit nout vor to nemmen, vor |>e nome one muhte hurten alle 
wel i-cowune earen, ^ fulen alle dene heorten. ]>eo me mei 
nemmen wel, hwas nonien me i-cnowe5 wel, -j heo beoS more 
hemi is to monie, al to ku'^e; ase hordom ; eanbruche : meide- 
lure; ^ icest, bet is bitwhwe sibbe, vleshche oSer gostliche, 
•Set is i monie i-deled : on is ful w il vorted on ];et fulbe, mid 
skilles gettunge, ]?et is, hwoime |ie schil 3 te heorte ne wi^- 
siggefi nout, auh likeS wel ^ gimeiS al 'Settet fleschs to proke-5, 
^ helpen o<Ser |>ideward beon waite ^ witnesse ]?crof, hunten 
^er efter, mid wouhinge, mid togginge, o^er mid eni tollunge, 
mid gigge leihtre, mid horeion, mid eni lihte lactes, mid geoue, 
mid tollinde wordes, o^er mid luve speclie, cos, unhende gro- 
punges: ^et beo5 heaved sunnen, iuvien tide, oSer time* 
o^Ser stude, vorto kumen ine swuche keite, 3 o);er swuche 
voirideles, 'Set me mot ferbuwcn. Hwo se nule i^e muchele 
ful ^e venliche vallen, ase seLrit Austin sei-S : omissis occasion- 
ibuSf qui Solent aditum aperire peccatis, potest conscicncia 
esse incolumis ; J?et is, hwo se wule hire inwit witen clene ^ 



leir, heo mot fleon "JSe vorrideles, ^et beoS i-wunede ofte to 
openen ]>ei ingong 3 leten in suane. Ich ne der nemmen |>eo 
unkundeliche kundles of ]?isse deovel scorpiun, attri i-teiled; 
auh sori mei heo beotij ]7et raid fere o-Ser wi^uten, have"5 so 
i-red eni kundel of hire golnesse, yet ich ne mei speken of 
vor scheome, ne ne der vor drede, leste sum leorne more uvel 
l^en heo con, 1 berof beo i-temted. Auh |?enche everich of hire 
owime awarieae cundles in hire golnesse. Vor hwu so hit 
ever is i-don willes ^ wakiinde mid flesches likunge, bute one 
ine wedlake, hit is deadlich suniie. Ine guweSe me de^ 
wundres, gulche hit ut ine schrifte utterliche ase heo hit dude, 
beo iSet i-veleS hire schuldi, o];er heo is i-demed J^uruh Se fule 
orune, to ^e eche fur of helle, pe scorpiunes cundel ^et heo 
bret in hire boseme, schek hit ut mid schrifte, j slea hit mid 
dedbote. Inouh is eScene hwu ich habbe i-efned prude to !iun, 
"} onde to neddre, ^ of alle Se o|jre wiSuten |>is laste, |;et is, hwu 
golnetjse beo i-efned to scorpiun: auhlo ! her ^e skile jyerof, sutel 
ant eScene* Salomon seiS : Qui apprehendit muiierem, quasi 
qui apprehefidUscorpionem, ]>e scorpiun is ones cunnes wurm 
^et haveS neb ase me sei^ sumdel i-liche ase wummon ; j is 
neddre bihinden, makeS feir semblaunt, ^ liketJ mid te heaved, 
7 stinge^ mid te teile ; ]fei is lecherie, ^et is |?es deofles best, 
|>et he let to chepinge j to everich gederinge, 7 cheapeS hit 
forto sullen, 7 biswike^ raonie |>uruh 15et heo ne biholdeS nout 
bute ^et feire heaved, jjet heaved is bigiTminge of golnesses 
Siuinen, 7 le licunge peo hwuJe Set hit i-lest, Set |?unche5 so 
swu^e swete; ]?e teil, "Set is pe ende |?erof, pet is sor oljjun- 
chung l^erof, 7 stinge-S her mid atter of bitter bireousinge, 7 of 
dedbote, 3 i-selihche muwun heo ^iggen }>et )?ene teil swuch 
i-vinde^^, vor Set atter ageS,auh gif hit ne suweS her, |je toil-] 
J)e attri ende is *Se eche pine of helle* 7 nis he fol chepmon, 
bet hwon he wule buggen hors oSer oxe, gif he nule bihohlen 
bute ^et heaved one I vor J?i hwon Se deovel beode^ for S |?Is 
best, -} beot hit to sullen, 7 bit j^ine soule )jervore, he hut ever 
|>ene teil, ^ scheauwe^ forS l?et heaved, and tu go al abuten, 7 
scheau vorS yen ende ^er mide, 7 hwu ^e teil stingeS^ and 
swu'Se vlih 5er vrommard, er {>u beo i-attred. 



From MS, Ashin. Oxon. 423, foL 100, ccmtaiuing "a letter sent to a 

freind at Lotwlon, concemin^e the great Ecclipse, March 29, 1052."' ThU 
prcdjclIoD of the great Fii-e iii 1606, aud the mention of Pye-Comerj Is very 

Shall London after this be burnt, Sir ! Where 

Will the fire first begin l At Westminster 

Or at PT/e-Corner, Sir, among the Cookes! 

If starres can't tell jou, pray, what say your bookesl 



From MS, Cotton, Claudius E* VIH. fol 8> lo. of the fourteeoth century^ 
ivrittea at Norwich, apparently. 

Sex waxpunde makiet .j. ledpound. ,xij. ledpunde .j* fotmel, 
.xxiiij* fotmel j* fothir of Bristouwe, ys have .cc. and .xxviij**. 

Sex waxpunde makiet ,j. leedpound. ,xviij, leedpund j. leed 
bole. .xviij» leed boles. J, fothir of the Northleondes, ys haat 
,xc, and .xiiij. leed puiide, that beeth .xix. hundryd and foiire 
and fourti wexpunde, and ys avet more bi six and tlintii leed 
punde, that beeth to hundred and sextene wexpunde, 

Sevene waxpund makiet onleve ponde one waye, twelf weyen 
on fothir, this aveit two thousand and .ix. score and foure wex- 
pund, that beeth thre hundryd and twelfve leedpound, this his 
more than that of the Norethlaud be foure and thritti more of 
leedpoundes, that beeth foure and twenti lasse. 



From a 12mo. manuscript on paper of the tatter part of the fifteenth 
century, MS. Sloan, 1584, f. 85. r". Until this aong was in type, it had 
escaped our ohservaUon that it ha^ been printed hy Rtt^on. 

Grevus ys my sorowe, 

Both evyne and nioro ! 

Unto my selfe alone 

Thus do I make mowne : 

That unkyndnes liaith kyilj^d me. 


And putt me to this pejTie ; 
Alas! what remedy ! 
That I cannot refreyne- 

Whan other men doyth sleype, 
Thene do I syght and weype, 
All ragins in my bed, 
As one for payees neyre ded. 
That iinkyndnes have kyllyd me^ 
And putt me to this payne, 
Alas ! what remedy 1 
That I cannott refreyiae. 

My harte ytt have no reste. 
Butt sty 11 with peynes oppreste; 
And yett, of all my smart, 
Ytt grevith moste ray harte, 
That unkyndnes shuld kyll me 
And putt me to this payne ; 
AJas ! what remedy 1 
That I cannott refreyne. 

Wo worth trust untrusty ! 
Wo worth love unlovyd I 
Wo worth hape unblamyd I 
Wo worth faiitt unnamyd ! 
Thus unkyndly to kyll me^ 
And putt me to this payn ; 
Now, alas ! what remedy ? 
That I cannott refrayne. 

Alas ! I lyve to longe, 
My paynes he so stronge ; 
For com forth have I none; 
God wott I I \vold fayne be gone ! 
For unkyndnes haith kyllyd me> 
And putt me to ihys payne ; 
Alas 1 what remedy 1 
That I cannott refrayne. 

Iff ony wyght be here, 
That byeth love so dere. 
Come iiere, lye downe by me, 
And weype for company ; 
For unkyndnes haith kyllyd me, 
And putt me to this payne ; 
Alas I what remedy 1 
That I cannott refrayne. 



My foes, wj^che love me nott, 
Bewayle my deth, I wott ! 
And he that love me beste, 
Hyme selfe my deth haith dreste ; 
What unkyndnes shuld kyle me, 
If this were nott my payne 1 
Alas! what remedy; 
That I camiott refireyne. 

My last wyll here I make ; 
To God my soule I betake ; 
And my wrechyd body 
As erth in a hole to lye ; 
For unkjmdnes to kyle me. 
And putt me to this payne, 
Alas ! what remedy I 
That I cannot refireyne. 

O harte ! I the bequyeth 

To hyme that is my deth, 

Yff that no harte haith he. 

My harte his schaLbe ; 

Thought unkyndnes haith kylled me. 

And putt me to this payne ; 

Yett yf my body dye. 

My hertt cannott refrayne. 

Placebo, dilexi ! 
Com weype this obsequye. 
My mowrmarus, dolfully. 
Come weype this psalmody ! 
Of unkyndnes haith kyllyd me, 
And putt me to this payne ; 
Behold this wrechid body, 
That your unkyndnes haith slayne. 

Now I besych all ye. 

Namely that lovers be, 

My love my deth forgyve, 

And soffer hyme to ly ve ; 

Thought unkyndnes haith kyllyd me. 

And putt me to this payne, 

Yett haid I rether dye. 

For his sake ons agayne. 

My tombe ytt schal be blewe. 
In tokyne that I was trewe ; 
To bringe my love frome doute. 


lit shal be writtyng^e abowte. 
That unkyndnes haith kyllyd me. 
And putt me to this payne ; 
Behold this wrechid body. 
That your unkyndnes haith slayne 1 

lady ! lerne by me, 
Sley nott love wylfiilly, 
For fer love waxyth denty* 
Unkyndnes to kyle me, 
Or putt love to this payne ; 

1 ware the better dye, 
For loves sake agayne, 

Grevus is my soro ; 
Butt deth ys my boro ; 
For to my selfe alone 
Thus do I make my mone, 
That unkyndnes haith kyllyd me, 
" And passyd is my payne ; 
Pray for this ded body, 
That your unkyndnes haith slayne ! 

Finis, Amen ! 




From M3. Harl* No. 539G, on paper, of tbe reiyti of Henry VI., tbe same 
Mis. which cod tains the Turoament of Totteohaoi* The second of theae 
«ong« is remftrknbly analogous to the one already given iVom a Cambridge 
MS. in tha present TOlume^ p. 27* The titles are written in & later h.tnd. 

I. Good Rule yt out f^f Memembrane^f fol. 18. r*. 

Lord GcmI, what ys this wordys fare 

But ryal revel and gret aray ? 
Evyr spend and nothyng spare ! 

Sone wyl hyt wast and were [a] way. 

When plenle may no lender play, 
And Gode hym grochyth of hys governans, 

That mesUT may no leoger pay, 
Gode rule ys not of remembrauns. 

When plente may no lenger pay. 

He schal then wyth hym abyde, 
A dredful man bolhe nyjt and day, 

With careful hert hys hed may hyde. 


But now on dayes hyt dos betyde ; 
For unto man hyt ys gret grevans. 

Fro hys worschj^ thus for to slyde^ 
For caus gode rule ys out of remembrans. 

Ho so wyl yn the somur seson 

Gadur and grype ar that he grynde. 
The wjTiter aft^T, be weye of reson. 

He wyl not be ful far behende. 

Thus mesur, man, have yn thy mynde. 
Thurgh gode rule and just purvyans, 

Hyt ys no craft to be to kynde, 
Thynk on gode rule and gode governans. 

With wele and worshjTj and gode welefare, 

Mekyl wast and letyll wynue, 
Sone yt wyl make an howsolde bare, 

Wfth gret spendyng out and yn. 

Tryst better thy selfe then thy kjn, 
For to a man hyt ys ful gret grevans, 

Sodenly fro maliede for to ryn. 
For caus of gode rale and gode governans- 

Av^^se the, man, or thu begyn, 

That thu have no nede for to playne, 

Loke what astate that thu stondys yn. 
For poverte ys a prevy payn, 
Thot thu wene that hope to the be gayn, 

Of lordys and ladeys and her plesans. 
If thu ber the the hyer for payn. 

Then is gode ride out of remembrans. 

In pryde and poverte ys grete dysse, 

Thcrfor be war of haddy wyst. 
For nother of them may other plese» 

Every man may not have hys owen lyst. 

In God therfor put all thy tryst. 
For old envy makyth newe dystayns, 

I hold that man ryjt wele i-blyst 
That on gode rule can remembrauns. 

Hadd[y] wyst comys ever to late, 

Whan ther lakky d bothe lok and keye ; 
What ncdyth a man to spar the ;ate, 

Whan ther ys nothyng yn the weye ? 

With a penyles purs for to pleye, 
Lat scho can the pepul amawns, 

Sum man had as lefe to dye, 
F[or] on gode rule he has no remembrauns. 

SCUQI^I^ antiqujs. 75 

A bare herd wyl sone be shave^ 

Ther as ys but lyttyl bere abut ; 
I mene by them that mekyll wold have. 

And bene bothe pore and eke prowdc, 

Redy to rvd yn every lowte ; 
Hyt ys nowljut newe aquentaonce. 

They ley to wed bothe panne, lavos, and spoute 
With them gode rule ys not of remembran?. 

Sum pepyi that levyn now on dayes, 

Ar mekyl set on g^alantnesse ; 
I lekken tbem truly unto the wawes 

Of the se, that ar full of trowbulnesse. 

Have they here pryde and ryalnesse, 
They rech ne nym of plesans, 

The end therof wyl turn to hevynesse, 
Becaus god rule ys out of remembrans- 

\VTiat nedys a man to delve depe, 

Ther as ys no sede for to sowe ; 
The pot ys esy for to kepe. 

When the tat ys over blowe. 

Nether for bye ne for lowe, 
Kombur not thys^elfe with lewode governans ; 

To mych bend may breke thy bo we; 
Therfor on gode rule have thu remembrans. 

He that hys worschj^p here wyl have. 

And lyf aftyr hys owne degre, 
In honcste hys wor^chyp most he save. 

And )n[i hevjTi shal be hys prosp[er]yte. 

Now God that dyed on a tre, 
Jyf us grace to do after hys ordynans I 

Thys tale I tell by 30U and me, 
For ensampul of gode governans. 

ir Turne up hur halter and let huf go. f. 20, ro, 

I not what I shall syng nor say* 

I man for-sakyn, wo worth the whyle! 
Ho may hold that wyll away 1 

My soveren laid has don me gyle. 

I have bethojt me upon a wyle, 
Sythen that hur hert ys turnyd me fro, 

I hold yt the best for drede of gyle, 
Tume up' hur halster and let hur go. 


I have lyngyrd lang her mane day, 

For a berde that was so fre ; 
I man aferde last she well me tray, 

Be dyvers tokenys that I se. 

But sythyii hyt wyll non other be, 
That I knowe that sfie well so, 

A man of wysdam tlius conseld me. 
To tarn up hur haltur and late hur go* 

When I enformyd hur fyrst with love. 
This was the langage I sayd hur tyll : 

*' Withoutyn help of hym that syttys above^ 
Fayre mastrys, se, for joure love I spylle* 
And truly ^e shall have all ^ore wyll, 

3yf je will love me nomo/' 

In hur I knowe no maner of yll. 

To torne up bur halter and lat hur go* 

Sche grantyd me to love agaj^n, 
Hur hert to me she can unbynde ; 

And privy 1}' tetwyx us twayne 
A knot of love we knyt yn kynde* 
But now another has smetyn me blynde; 

Alias ! what schal I say for wo ! 
Truly yt renys ^-n my mjqide 

To turn up hur halter and lat bur go. 

If anay man stonde yn thys cas. 

That fantaseys fall hys hert withyn, 
Put bem awey wyl thu hast space, 

Love not to sore I rede the bo lynne. 

As sone as ever sche do bygynne 
For to tume hur hert the fro ; 

Truly I knowe no better g^^nne. 
Then turne up hur halter and lat hur go. 

Thu joye thy selfe and make the strong, 

Let bur no refe the mete nor drynk, 
Thu may syke and sorw so long, 

Tyll hyt have brojt the to pyttes brynke. 

Whedyr she ever flete or synke, 
Late never thy feturs fal the fro; 

I lekyn hym to the kpwynke, 
Ther turn up bur halter and lat hur go. 

I schal tell jow wo herby I mene; 

Me were lothe any woman to dysplese : 
Stryve je never ageyn the streme ; 

If a man be warnyd he ys wele at ese. ANTIQUJE. 


Put the never to-for )Ti prese, 
Hyt ys a catel that dothe man wo. 

I hold that man ry^t wele at ese. 
That can turn up hur haltur and kt hur go, 

I wold say forther, and I derst. 

Of thys man ^e wot wele wat ; 
Of all metell I hold women the worst. 

But hyt was not I that told jow that. 

They wyl graunt pu at a skap, 
And say they be ^ourys for ever more; 

And with a fals tryp wol cast 50U on the bak: 
Therfor turn up hur haltur and lat hur go. 

They ben ful trewe, blame have I than ; 

I pray God save ther cottyd lappys ! 
Thei be full plesyng^ tyll a man ; 

Thanke me, women, I claw yourbakkis ; 

But ^et be war of after clappys, 
When je gaddyn to and fro ; 

And for drede of syde wappys. 
Turn up hur haller and lat hur go. 

But I knowe non syche truly ; 

Therfor luf whyl je gode lyst ; 
For they wyl do ful plesandly. 

Had they onys jour mowth kyst. 

But jet be w^ar of haddywyst ; 
Be not to bold, thof I say so ; 

For she w^yl deseyve the even in fyst : 
Therfor turn up hur halter, and lat hur go. 

All maner men that ben wyse. 

Be rulyd su[m] what after me ; 
In |oure wyts be oft to nyse, 

And of joure love be not to fre. 

But ever after, as je se, 
As gode iove wol come a^ go ; 

And wayte a tyme, yf nede be, 
And turn up hur nalter and lat hur go. 

in, Aloi that any kyndeman want pa §ode^ fol. 38, ¥". 

I herd a playnt of grete pyte, 

Thurgh a park as I con passe, 
Of a gome that gayned no gle. 

And jet he gelmyd as any glas. 

All in wo i^Tapped he was ; 


That wye wepyd as he were wode. 

Full ofte he sykyd and sayd, alias ! 
That ony kyndeman wantys gode. 

Under a holy I me hyd, 

Of that hathell more to here ; 
How he hy s care so kyndlykyd 

With cold carpyng and unclere. 

He prayd to God, bryng hym on here. 
As he bojt hym with hys blode ! 

Save desteny of our dryghtyn dere, 
Alias ! that kyndeman wantys gode. 

Sum tyme, he said, I was a syre, 

Ther wold no sorow in me synk ; 
With gentylmen was my desyre 

At dees to dyne and eke to drynk ; 

And now I am a ruful rynke. 
But he me rvch that raght on rode ; 

Therfore 1 say ryjt as me thynke, 
Alias ! that kyndeman wantys gode. 

And thus, for wontyng of worldes wele, 

I walk as wye withouten wyt ; 
Sum tyme helde I festys fele, 

But now me faylys of that fytt. 

I trowethat knot was on me kn3rt, 
Or I at kyrk had caght my code ; 

Therfo[re] I svng, and say it ^yt. 
Alias! that kyndeman wantys gode. 

When wyes walke unto tho wyne. 

Then as a wich I walke away ; 
That puttes me to pytous pyne, 

I have no penyes for to pay ; 

But as foule .dos in a fray, 
Or ellys tho fysch that ftiyles fode ; 

Therfor I syng, and eke I lay, 
Alias ! that kjmdeman wantys gode. 

Have caytenys and obnys in a kest, 

That my3t a kyndom each fro care ; 
Or tet of florens ml tho fyst. 

For it schal ne tho better fare. 

That makys me for to drewpe and dare, 
I may not stand as I ere stode ; 

Therfore. I syng with sykyng sare. 
Alias ! that kyndeman wantys gode* 

RELtQiriiS ANTIClUjt, 

Mornyng wyl , 

But take Iha grace that God has n . . . 
And thank hym oft as I d[o] ...... 

Of al that ever he has mc sente ; 

And aske mercy in myne entente 
Of hym that bo^t'me with hys blod, 

The bWs of hevyn that we myjt hent. 
That schall us never want gode* 




From B!b. DodL Oxfd« Laud. D. 31. (dBS), ii manuaciipt on vellUTU^ of llu? 

fifteenth cenlurf , coDtaitiing poems by John Lidgate* 

Here gynnetk a dtfiA of n^omenhis homys. 

Off God and kynde procedith al hewte ; 
Crafft may shewe a foreyn apparence ; 
But nature ay must have the sovereynte. 
Thyng countirfeet hath noon existence. 
Tween gOld and gossomer is greet dytrerence; 
Trewe metalle requeryth noon allay ; 
Unto purpos by cleer experyence, 
Beute wol shewe, thogh homys wer away. 

Ryche attyres of stonys and perve, 
Cnarbonclys, rubyes of moost excellence, 
Shewe in darknesse lyght where so they be, 
But iher natural hevenly influence. 
Doublettys of glass yeve a gret evydence, 
Thyng counterTeet wol fayler at assay ; 
On this mater ooncludyng in sentence, 
Beute wol shewe, thogh homes were away. 

Aleyn remembreth, his compleynt who lystsee. 
In his book of famous elloquence ; 
Clad al in flours and blosmes of a tre 
He sauhe nature in hir moost excellence, 
Upon htr hed a kerche of Valence, 
Noon other richesse of counteriet array ; 
T'exemplyfie by kyndely provydence, 
Beute wol shewe, thogh homes were away. 

Famous poetic; of antyquyte. 
In Grece and Troye reiioined of prudence, 
Wrot of Queen Heleyne and Penelope, 
Of PoUycene, with hir chast iimocence ; 
For wyves trewe calle Lucrecc to presence ; 
That they wer faire ther coji no man sey nay ; 
Kynde wrouht hem with so gret dyllygence, 
Ther beute kouth hornys wer cast away. 


Clerkys recorde, by gret auctoryte, 
Homes wer yove to bestys for dyfFence ; 
A tliyng contrarye to femynyte, 
To be maad sturdy of resystence. 
But arche wives, egre in ther vyolence, 
Fers as tygres for to make affray. 
They have despit, and ageyn coney ence, 
Lyst nat of pryde, then homes cast away, 


Noble princessis, this litel schorl dyte. 
Rudely compyledj lat it be noon offence 
To your womanly mercifiille pyte. 
Though it be rad in your audyence ; 
Peysed every thyng in your just advertence, 
So it be noon dysplesaunce to your pay ; 
Under support of your pacyence, 
Yeveth example homes to cast away. 

Grettest of vertues ys humylyte. 
As Salamon scith soniie of sapyence. 
Most was accepted onto the Deytej 
Taketh heed herof, yevethe to his wordis credence, 
How Blaria, wluche hadde a prcmynence 
Above alle women, in Bedlem whan she lay. 
At Crystys birthe no cloth of gret dispcnce, 
She wered a kovercheef, homes wer cast away. 

Off birthe she was hihest of degre. 

To whom alle angellis dyd obedyence ; 

Of Davidis H^ie mch sprang out of Jesse, 

In whom alle vertues by just convenyence, 

!Maad stable in God by gostly confydence, 

This rose of Jericho, ther grewh non suychc in May, 

Pore in spirit, par fit in pacyeuce, 

In whom alle homes of pride wer put away, 

Modyr of Jhesu, myrour of chastj^e. 

In woord nor thouht that nevere dyd offence ; 

Trewe exarnplire of vir^v'ny te, 

Hed sprj^g and welle or parfit contynence ; 

Was never clerk by rethoryk nor scyence 

Koude alle hir vertues reherse onto this day ; 

Noble pryncessis of meek benyvolence. 

Be example of hir your homes cast away. 

It may be as wdl to tnentioii tliat In thii MS. is a copy of Liffgate't 
ballad of Jak Hare, printed at p. 13, of the present volume, and entitled 
iiere ** a tale of froward Maymond»" 





From & MS. ia the Advocates' Library at Edinbtirgb, (MS. Jae. V. 7, S7-) 
of the flfleeutb century. 


Herkyn to my tale that I schall to yow sdiew, 
For of seche mervels have ye hard bot few ; 
Yf any of them be ontrue thai I schall tell yow aflur, 
Then wax I as pore as tho hyschop of Chestur* 
As I rode from Durram to Dowre I fond by tho hee strete 
A fox and a fiilmarde had .xv. fete ; 
Tho scate scalldyd tho rydlyng and turnede of hys skyn ; 
At tho kyrke dore called the codlyng, and badd lett hyra yn. 
Tho samond sang tho hee mas, tho heyry og was hys cfarke, 
On tho orgons playde tho porpas, ther was a mere warke. 
Ther was a grete offeryng in that kyrke that^ dey ; 
Ther was that I schalf reykyn in a gud arey. 
Ther were wesels and waspes offeryng carte-saduls ; 
Muscetes and marlyons, laduls and cawdurns ; 
Tho pyke and tho perche, tho symen and tho roche, 
Tho pleyse and tho macrell yit were there moo; 
Tho hadoke hyde hym, hehynd he wolde not be ; 
With hym rode tho stok-fysch that was semely to se, 
Yett were there moo, yf I truly tell my tale ; 
A cunger and a kokall rode on a plughe mall ; 
Tho turbot and tho thornebacke and tho grete whaO ; 
Tlio oystur hade to horschone, and offerd therwithall ; 
Tho crabe, and tho lopster ther were witlmlL 
I loke a peyny of my purse, and oflerd to horn all. 
For this otlerand was made, tho sothe yf I schall sey. 
When Mydsomer evyn fell on Palmes sounndey, 
Fordarmore I went, and moo marvels I founde ; 
A nurchon by tho fyre rostj-ng a greyhownde, 
Ther was dyverse mey tes, reckyn honi yf I schall ; 
Ther was raw bakon, and new sowrde all. 
Tho breme went rownd abowte, and lette horn all blode ; 
Tho sow sate on hye benke, and harpyd Robyn-Howde ; 
Tho fox fydylyd, tho ratton rybybyd, tho larke noty with all ; 
Tho hombuli-be hondyld tho horne-pype, for hur fyngurs were 

Ther were whetstons and sanopes choppyd in cole ; 
Sowters in serropes, and sadduleres in sew ; 
Mylnestons in mortrews have I sene bot fewe ; 
Gryndylstons in grwell with thoblw brothes; 
Ther was pestelb in porres, and laduls in lorres ; 



Tynkares in tartletes have I not mony sene. 

Tho throstyll and tho popegey Botyd full clene ; 

Tho stytgyon stode byhynd the dore scharpyng stakes ; 

Tho beyr was tho gud kowkc that all tills meyte makes; 

Tho hare with hyr long gwode come dryvyng tho harrous ; 

And ,xxvj, salte elys, ycheon with a sckeyfe of arrwus. 

In a symphon sange tho snype with notes of tho nyghlgale* 

Yf all thees be trwe that bene in this tale, 

God as he madde hus^ mend hus he mey, 

Save hus and sende hus sum drynke for this dey, 

ExpUciL Amen* 


MoUificant olera Jurissima cnista. Frj^ndis this is to saye 
to your lewde undurstandyng, that hoote wortes erased crusstes 
makeyn sofft hard wortes, The helpe and tlie grace of the grey 
gose that goose on the grene, and the wysdam of the watur 
wynde mylne, with the gud grace of the galon pytcher, and all 
the salt sawsegis that ben sothen in Northefolke apon seytur- 
daye, be with hus now at owre begynnyng, and lielpe hus in 
owre end^'Tig, and qwyte yow of blys and hot he your een, that 
ne%Tr schall have endyng. Amen, 

My Icve cursyd creatures, ther was wonus a whyfc whose ' 
name was Kateryn Fyste, and sche was crafty in curtte, and 
wele cowde carve. Thryis sche sende aftur the .iiij. ssynodes 
of Rome, to wytte why, wherfore, and for what case, that Alelya 
was closud or the cope come wonus abowtte* 

Why hopes thu nott for sothe that ther stode wonus a coke 
on Seynt Pale stepull toppe, and drewe up the strapuls of his 
brech* How preves thu that? Be all the .iiij, doctors of 
Wynberehylles, that is to saye, Vertas, Gadatryme, Trumpas, 
and Dadylf rymsert, the whych .iiij* doctors saye ther was onus 
a nolde wyfe hadde a coke to hyr son, and he loked owt of an 
olde duf-cowlte, and wamyd and chargyd that no mon scholde 
be so harde nodiir to ryde nor to goo on Seynte Paule stepull 
toppe, botyf he rode on a .iij. fotyd stole^ or ellus that he broght 
with hym a warant of his necke, and yett the lewde letherand 
lurdon went forthe and mette .vij. acurs of londe betwyxe Dover 
and Qwykkesand, and he hro^t an acur in his recke from the 
Tom of Londone unto the Tour of Babilon, and as he went be 
the wey he had a foole falle, and he fell doun at the castyll of 
Dover into a grueli potte, and brake bothe his sch3nnnus* And 
because he hadde spylt his potage, the toos that he had on his 
feete fleniyd all on red blod. 

Therof come trypynff to the kyng of Hongre, that all pepull 
which myjth not lyjtteJy come to the Playn of Salesbere, but 



the fox and the grey convent, scbuld pray for all the olde schu 
solys that ben rostyd in the kyngus dysche on seterday, the 
whych hemppe gresse and alfyns that is nedefuU and spedefull 
botne to yow and to me, y pray you everychone with all the 
hart in my hele, sey a. paler rwster and an ave for seyn cherytre, 

Mollyjfjcard olera durissima critsta, etc. These wordus that 
y have rehersed above be with hus now and ever more. Amen. 

My leve cursed catyves, ther was wonos a kymg, and he had 
weddyd ayonge olde qwene, and this qwene hada chylde, and 
the chyldewas sent to SyWe the Sage, prayngthat Sibell the 
Sage schuld gyve to it tne same blessyng that God gave hur, 
becase sche bote hjTn be the hele. 

Hereof spekus a worthi doctur, Radagundys mtpe-ratibus 
potatorum nolite (ymere* This worthi doctur rehersus and 
seys he saw wonus a nolde wyfe gwo ,vij. yer be the sey-syde, 
and of all that seyd .vij. yere sche had no more for to do but for 
to take a fart in a schowepette. 

Syrs, y rede also that ther was wonus a kyng, and he made 
a gret fest, and he had aij, kyngus at his feyst, and these .iij. 
kyngus ete but of wone grueO dysche^ and thei ete so mykull 
that ther balys brast, and owt of ther balys come .iiij. and 
XX.** oxon playng at the sword and bokelar, and ther wer laft 
no moo on lyve but .iij. rede heyrynges. And these .iij, reyd 
herj'ngus bled .ix. days and ix. nyjttus, as it had ben tlie 
cawkons of horse-schone. 

Syrs, what tyme that God and Seynt Petur come to Rome, 
Petur askud Adam a fuU greyt dowtfuU question, and seyd, 
"Adam, Adam, why ete thu the appall unpard]" "For 
sothe," quod he, " for y had no wardyns fryde." And Petur 
saw the fyr, and dred nym, and stepped into a plomtre that 
hangud full of rype redde cherys. And ther he see all the 
perretes on the see. Ther he saw stedus and stockfesche pryck- 
yng swose in the watur* Ther he saw hennus and heryngus 
that huntod aftur hartus in hegg^^s, Ther hee see elys rostjTig 
lark us. Ther he se how haddoccus wer don on the pelare, for 
wrong rostyng of may buttur ; and ther he se how bakers boke 
buttur to grece with olde munkus botus. Ther he se how the 
fox prechyd, and charged, and commanded that noo mon 
sdiuld be so harde nowdur be day ne be ny^t for to pysse 

And also that everj^ mon schuld tye his ratons and his myse 
with a hors ny^t-cappe, that is to sey, with a hors haltur. 

Syrrus, thynke not lonke and y schaO telle yow a sleveles 
reson, and make a neynd a-non, Drynke thu to me, and y to 
the, and halde the coppe in are. Why movn*e in are then in 
bemy ? For sothe every clarke that can rede and syng seythe 
that are gothe befor bemy, and yf thu have a grete blacke 



boUe in ihi honde, and hit be full of gud ale, and thu ley ve any 
thyog tlierin, thy puttes tlii sowle into grette pyne. And 
therto acordes too worthi prechers, Jacke a Throme and Jone 
Brest-Bale; these men seyd in the bibuU that an ill drynker is 
unpossibull hevone for to wynne i for God lulfiis nodur hors nor 
mare, but mere men that in the ciippe con stare. And them 
that all nyiht wyll sytte up and drynke, them forgj^ves he ther 
synne. Syrs, and all the sottes of this toi^iTi wer don in a 
dongeon, and the devyll hem among with his club in his hande, 
he wold make horn all to cry miserere nostri miser soter hahi- 
lorne leva Juse blocksii/k Jlliorum et conquivisier, and of a 
sowter have greyt myster. " A revette boot trynkele/* seyd 
the sotur, when he boot of is wyfe thombe harde be the elbow, 
quod Jack Strawe. Amen, 


The mone in the mornyng merely rose. 

When the sonne and the sevon sterres softely wer leyd 

In a slommurvog of slepe for-slockond with ale ; 

A has wyfe of Holbruckc owt hornus blu, 

For all tho pekke was forbedon paryng of chese, 

Tho reyncus of Radforde wer redy at a ronswer. 

For to expond the spavens of the spade halfe. 

Torn the Teplar tryde in the gospell 

What schuld fall of the fournes in the frosty mumyng. 

At the batell of Brakoiiwete, ther as the beyre justyd, 

Sym Saer and the swynkote thei wer sworne brodur. 

The hare and harthestone hurtuld to-geydur, 

Whyle the hombul-be hod was hacked al to cloutus. 

Ther schalraod the scheldrake and schepe trumpyd ; 

[The] liogge with his hornep> pe hyod hym belyve. 

And dansyd on the downghyll, whyle all thei dey lastyd. 

With Magot and Margory and Malyn hur sysstur* 

The prest into the place pryce for to wynne ; 

Kene men of combur comen belyve, 

For to mote of mychewhat more then a lytuU, 

How Reynall and Robyn-Hod runnon at the gleyv^e, 

. . . * » . . . . cjht wemen nere, 

And makyd hom with chyld ; 

Tho kynde of men wlier thei hit tane. 

For of hora selfe had thei never nane, 

Be meydon Mare mylde. 

Therof seyus clerkus, y wotte how, 

That it not be rehersyd now. 

As Cryst fro schame me schyld. 

IF. T. 



From MS Porkin|rton| No. 10. f. 159. written in the reign of Edw. IV» 
'on Tclf* and paper, preserved in the library of W. O* Gore, Esq. of 
Slirop»hlre. The following copy of another MS. of the first of the foregoing 
tMirlesqiies^ was kindly communicated by Sir Frederick Madden. 

Herkons to my tale, that I schalle here schow. 
For of syche merewels I have herde fowe ; 
Yf anne of them be a ly, that I telle here afture, 
I wolde I were as bare as the beschope of Chester ! 
As I went frow Dowyre to Dorram, I met by the stret 
A fox and a folmert had ,xv. fette. 
The skat stalkyde one hylle, and tyte of here skynne ; 
The codlyng calde at the churche dore, and bad let him in. 
The samun sanng the hy mas, the heyryng vas the dark. 
The porpos at the organs, ther was a golly wark. 
Ther was a gret offyryng that ylke day, 
For ther was alle that I rekon up one this a-ray : 
Waspis and eysturis, and gret cart-sadyllys^ 
Moskettus in mortrous, caudrons and ladyls. 
The pekerel and the perche, the mennous and the roche^ 
The borbottus and the stykylbakys, the flondyre and the loche. 
The handok hyde behynde, sen wolde he not be, 
With hym rode the gornarde, s\'mly for to se. 
5et was ther mor, the sothe yf 1 yow telle, 
The conegure and the wessylle rode one a plou^-w^hylle ; 
The kelynge and the thornbake, and the gret whalle. 
The crabe and the loppysstere jeyt were thei ther alle, 
Evche one toke a penne of ther porch, and offyrde at the mas, 
Tfce eyster offyrde Jj. d. and sayde he wolde pay no las* 
When thei this offryng made, tlie sothe yf I yow say. 
The Fame sonday be-fele that ^ere one Mydesonday. 
Jeyt forthermore as I roode, moo mervels I saw, 
I sawe where a marchand rostyde a semmeow, 
Ther where dyveris mettus, rekyn them yf I couthe, 
Saue I never non syche, by nor the nore by so[u]the* 
Ther whas rostyde bakon, moullyde brede, nw soure alle, 
Whettestons and fyre-brondys choppyde in kelle. 
Soutteries in sorrope, sadelers in scowe, 
Mylwardys in mortrous, syche have I sen ful foue. 
Tiier w^er mylstomiis in molde, with cart-w^hyllus in durryde, 
Ther wer stedis of Spayn welle poudyrt in past, 
They wer fasside with charkolle, for that was noo wast. 
Ther were tynkerris in tartlottus, the met was fulle goode. 
The sowe sate one him* benche, and harppyde Robyn Hoode, 

• Sic MS. ~" 


The schulerde schowttj^de m a schalmas^ the torbot trompyde 

to that, 
The ration rybybyde, the fox fedylde, therto claryide the catte.* 
With a synfan songe the snyt, the laverok louttyde withalle, 
Thehumbul*be haimdylt a horne-pype, her fyngurs wer smalle. 
The goes gagult ever more, the gam was better to here, 
Herde [I] noo syche mastrys tliis .vii. jcre. 
Then tber com masfattus io mortros alle soow, 
Borhammys and beynsteyllys, for thei myjt not goo, 
Potstykis and paunyaris, and gret bog battus, 
Hammyrs and borne sponnys, and scroude mosselde cattus. 
Mockeforccus and dressyngcuynus com trottyng one sparrous; 
The hare come with a long goade, drywyng the harroos. 
Ther com tr}Tikettus and tournyng-stonys, and elson bladys, 
Colrakns and copstolus, one gret wbyle-barrous, 
.XX- salt ellys, and eych of them a scheyf arrous, 
Ratouns and rattus, and long cart-whellys.t 
Gnyttus and snayllus cam routtyng in schyppus. 
To formus and a stole rade one a mas-boke, 
Fyfty fyre-brondus, and eyche of them a croke. 
Dore-btindys stalkyng one stylttus, in ther hondus gret oke[s]. 
The storgyn stode be-hynde tlie dore scharpyng stakys. 
Alle this 1 sawe that I have here tolde, 
And nionny moo mervellus nppon CottyswoMe. 
But I them foregat as I went by the way, 
Therfor at this tym no more can I tel nor saye. 
But God, as he made us, and mend us he may. 
Save us and sende us sum drynk or we dye. ^ 

Explycyt trutallist etc* 


* Cakie^ in tbe MS* t Sic. MS. peril ivp9 for wkrppy$ (whips)* 


Written by William Ilerebert, a Franciscan friar and famous preacher 
about 1330. From a MS* on yellum, written with his own hantl, formerly 
in the possession of Mr* Fermor of Tusuiore, in Oxfordfture, and aflerward* 
in that of Mr. Heber, in the Bale catalogue of whose boolu (1805) it was 
ntuxibered 1470. 

Uosiis Herodes impie. 

Herodes, thou wykked fo, wharof ys thy dredinge 1 
And why art thou so sore agast of Cristes to-cominge ? 
The reveth he nouth erthlich god, that makelh ous hevene 



Ihant magi. 
The kjmgcs wenden here way and foleweden the sterre. 
And sothfast lyith wyth sterre lyth soahten \Tom so verre. 
And sheuden wel that he ys Go<C in gold, and stor, and mirre. 

Lavacra pun gutgitis, 

Cristf y-cleped hevene lomh, so com to seynt Jon, 

And of hym was y-wasje that sunne nadde non, 

To halewen our vollouth water, that srunne havet vor-don, 

N(ymm gentis poteniim. 

A newe myghte he cudde, ther he was at a feste, 

He made vulle wyth shyr water six Cannes hy the leste. 

Bote the water turnde into wjoi, ihorou Crystes oune heste, 

Gloria tibip domine, 

Wele, Loverd, bee myd the, that ahewedest the to-day, 
Wyth the vadur and the holy gost, withouten endeday, 

Vezilla regis prodeunt, etc. 

The kynges baneres belh forth y-lad ; 
The rode tokne is nou to-sprad. 
Whar he that wrouth havet al monkinnei 
An-honged was vor oure sinne. 

Quo vulneraius insuper. 

Ther he was wounded vnrst and y-swonge, 
Wyth sharpe spere to herte y-stonge, 
To washen ons of sinne clene, 
Water and blod ther ronne at ene. 

Impleta sunt quee conciniL 
Y-volvnld ys Davidthes sawe, 
That sothe was prophete of the olde lawe, 
That sayde, " Men, je mowon y-se 
Hou Godes trone ys rode tre." 

Arbor decora eifvlgida, 
H[a] jl ! troe that art so vayr y-kad, 
And wyth kynges pourpre y-shrud ; 
Of wourthy stok y-kore thou %vere, 
That so holy limmes oup here. 


Beata cufus brachiis. 

Blessed be thou that liavest j-bore 
The wordJes raunsoun that was vor-Iore; 
Thou art y-maked Crystes weye, 
Thorou the he tok of helle preye* 

O crux, ave. 

Ha ! croyz, myn hope, onliche my trust. 
The noothe ich ^rete wytli al my lust; 
The mylde gode sped in rithfolnesse, 
To sunfole men sheu mylsfolnesse, 

Te summa Deus. 

A ! God, the heyje trinite, 

Alle gostes herj^je the ! 

Hoem that thou bouhtest on rode troe, 

Hoere wissere evermore thou boe. Amen. 



Far a feast at Oi^ford in October, 1452 \ fh>m MS. Cotton. Ht. B, XI. fuL 

21, ▼"• 

Primm CursnSf A sutteltee ; the bore hed and the buJle. 
Brawne and mustarde. Frumenty with venysoun. Fesaunt 
in brase. Swan with chawduen. Capon of grece. Herun- 
sew. Poplar, Custad ryalle. Graunt fflaupaut departid. 
Lesshe damask. Frutour lumbort* A suteltee. 

Secundus, Viant en brase. Crane in sawce, Yong pocok. 
Cony. Pyions, Buttor* Curlew. Carcelle. Partriche. 
Venysoun bake, Fryed mete in past, Lesshe lurabert. A 
flft-utour. A suteltee. 

Tertius Gely ryalle departid. Haunche of venyson rostid, 
Wodecok. Plover. Knottis. Styntis. Quayles* Larkys. 
Quynces bake. Viant in past. A frutour. Lesshe* A 

This was the service at the coman , . • of maistcr Nevell, 
the sone of the [eric] of Saresbury, whech commenced a[(] 
Oxenford the - . . day of Oct . . . the yere of our Lord m*. cccc, 
lij. and the y [ere] of Kyng H, vj*^* xxxj^** 




From MS. Egerton (in Brit. Mus.) No. 613. fol. 2, r». of the thirteenth 


Of on that is so fayr and bri3t, 

velut maris siella, 
Brijter than the day is li3t, 

parens et puella, 
Ic crie to the, thou se to me, 
Levedy, preye thi sone for me, 

tarn pia, 
That ic mote come to the, 


Al this world was for-lore 

Tyl our Lord was y-bore 

de te genitrice. 
With ave it went away, 
Thuster ny th and comz the day 

salviis ; 
The welle springet hut of the 


Levedi, flour of alle thing, 

rosa sine spina, 
Thu here Jhesu hevene king, 

ffratia divina ; 
Of alle thu berst the pris, 
Levedi, quene of parays 

Mayde milde, moder es 


Of kare conseil thou ert best, 

felix fcecundata, 
Of alle wery thu ert rest, 

maler honoraia. 
Bisek him wiz milde mod, 
That for ous allesad is blod 

in cruce, 
That we moten komen til him 

in luce. 

Wei he wot he is thi sone, 

venire quern poriasti, 



He wyl nout weme the thi bone 

parvum quern ladasti ; 

So hende and so god he his. 

He havet brout ous to blis 

That havez hi-dut the foule put 

Explicit cantus iste. 



The following lines occur among other miscellaneoos scraps, on the last 
page of a copy of the Ma$$a Compoiiy in the possession of J. O. Halliwell, 
Esq. (Bibl. Hal. No. 58, f. 85, ▼*.) where they seem to have been written 
about the beginning of the fifteenth centary. The first couplet is remarkable 
for preserving the epithets bestowed on those, who either mumbled, tkipped, 
or < leaped ' over the Psalms, in chanUng. 

Ecclesiee tres sunt, qui servitium male fallunt ; 
Momylers, forscyppers, ovrelepers, non bene psallunt. 

Nos aper auditu, linx visu, simia gustu, 
Yultur odoratu praecellit, aranea tactu. 


From MS. Cotton. Titus, D. xxvii. fol. 25, vo. of the first half of the eleventh 


"Sis is full ger, twelf monbas fulle ^ endlufan dagas ^ six 
tida, ^ is "Sonne "Sreo hund daga T fif "3 sixtig daga 3 feorSan 
deel dseges, ^ syndon six tida, bees bi"S twa ^ fifti wucena, 
■] eahta busend tida ^ seovan nund ^ sixti, hund eahtatig 
"Susenda nwila ^ six hund, "Sa man hate]? minuta, 3 seovan 
"Susenda ^ six hund, |?onne bi"S "Sees eac J?ara beorhtan hwila 
"Sreo hund "Susenda ^ fifti "Susenda fif hund ^ twentig, *5onne 
bi-S )?8es fif p J^rittig J?usenda prida ^ feowortig. On anre a&fen 
neahtlicre tide beoB feower punctas t^n minuta fiftene partes 
feowertig momenta be sumra manna tale. 





From MS. Harl. No. 3382, fol, 47, r*". of tfie fifteen ih centofy. Tbey are 
cbieflj caTiOQi as presenting us with some early ftpecimens of EngU§fi 
Mmcaronic wcne. It is a singular circumstaTice lliat two Vme* of the second 
are still popular among Bchool-boys in tlie following modifltHl ibrm. 

Tres fmtres cceli navigabnnt rountt about Ely ; 
Omues drownderunt qui swimawuy uon potuerunt* 

The expressions concealed by the cypher, as in ihe MS., are ralhCT gross, 
and do not speak much for the morals of the Carmetites of Cambridge, to 
whom they evidently refer. 

Flen, flyys, and freris populum domini male caedunt, 
Thystlis and breris crescentia gramina la,'dunt ; 
Christe, nolens guerras, sed cuncta pace tueris, 
Destrue per terras breris, den, fly^es, and freris. 
Flen, fly3es, and freris, foul falle herathys fyften jeris, 
For non that her ys lovit fien, fly^es, oe freris. 

Fratres Carmeli nariganl in a bothe apud Eli, 
Non sunt in coeli, quia gxddbov xxkxzt pg ifmk. 
Oranes drencherunt, quia sterisman non habuerunt, 
Fratres cum knyvys goth about and txxkxz v nfookt xxzxkt, 

Ex Eli veniens pra^senti sede locatur. 

Nee rex nee sapiens, Salomon tamen ille vocatur. 

Pediculus cum sex pcdibns me mordet ubique, 
Si possum capere, tokl tobl debet ipse habere. 

Si tibi strok detur, wyth a round strok evacuetur ; 
Et si revertetur, loke tu quod retribuetur. 

Est mea mens mota pro te, speciosa Magota, 

Venim dixit anus, quod piscis olet triduanus; 
Ejus de more simili fbetet hospes odore. 

Est in quadrupede pes quintus, in sequore pulvisi 
In cirpo noaus, in muliere fides. 

Cum premo, re retrahit. stringit con, inque sigillat, 
Sub sileti ob spoliat, sed de gravat, ex manifestat. 

Thus, pix, cum sepo^ sagmen, cum virgine cera, 
Ex hiis attractus bonus est ad vulnera factus, 

Vento quid leviusl fulgur* Quid fulgurel flamraa. 

Flaramaquidl muUer. Quid muliere? nichil. 
Auro quid melius 1 jaspis. Quid jaspide ? sensus, 

Sensu quid ? ratio* Quid ratione ? nichil. 


Frigore Frix frixit, quia Tros trux tubera traxit, 
Trosque truces Traces secuit necuitque minaces. 

Taurus in herba ludit, et optat tangere limpham. 
Rumbo murena extat Thamesia plena. 



The following verses are written on the margin of a MS. in Merton 
College Library, Oxford, Q. 2. 16, f. 160, which contains a copy of the old 
law-book called * Britton,' and many antient Statutes of the Realm, of the 
age of Edward I. or II. They seem to have been set down about the middle 
of the fourteenth century, and probably not long before the year 1366, which 
waa to have been the period of this vain prediction. 

Anglorum re^a Bastard bello superavit, 
Ac monastenum rex construere properavit ; 
Jejunans, orans, volens de sobole scire, 
Divum responsum rex promeretur audire : 
" Quot pedibus stabit ecclesia Batallia longa, 
Tot annis tua posteritas stabit in Angla,"* 
Quam licet ecclesiam prolongasse voluere, 
Trecentos pedes excedere non potuere. 


• Sic MS. 


From MS. Harl. 8810. Pars I. f. 13, vo. of fifteenth century. 

For the begynnyng of wysdom is 
For to drede Goddys ry3twysnes. 

He that in 30uthe no vertu usit, 
In age alle honure hym refusit. 

Ever the hiere that thou art. 
Ever the lower be thy hert. 

Be swyfte to here, and slow to speke, 
Late to wrathe, and lothe to ... . 

Deme the best of every doute, 
Tyl the truthe be tryed out. 

Thinke on the ende or thu begyn, 
And thou schalt never be thrai to syn. 





TrflLDBcribed from an old Regbier of Ibe Abbey of Spalding^, in MS. Cole 
(Brit* Mufl.) vol. xliv. p. 212. 

Januarii 25**, Clara dies Pauli bona tempora denotat anni ; 
Si nix, Tel pluvia, designat tempora chara; 
Si fiant venti, designat pree-lia genti ; 
Si fiant nebulm, periant animalia quseque* 

Fcbruarii 2^**. Imber si datur, Virgo dum purificatiir, 

Inde notatur quod hyeraps abinde fugatur; 
Si sol det radium, frigus erit nimiuin.* 




Augusti (i^ 

Si pluat in feslo Process! ct Marti niani, 
Imber erit grandis et sulFocatio gratd. 
Martini magni tran^lado si pluviam det, 
Quadraginta dies continuere solet. 

In Sixti festo venti valid! memor esto ; 
Si sit nulla quies, farra valere scies* 


• Cole hai added in tlie margin the following varSatioti of this sayiug, 

Si sot Bplendescat Maria purtaeitate, 

Major erit glacier post festum, quam Aiit ante- 


Prom MS. Cotton Veapas, A. xiv, foL 7, t°, of the end of the twelfth or 
beginulug of the thirteenth ceoturj. Besides the ^ and 5, the writer more 
oftea uses Ibe 8axon p than the modem u?. 

Deiis omnipotefVi, Duychefindoc. Celum, nef. Atiqelus, 
ail, ArcfiangeliiSj archail. Stella, steren. SoU heuuL Luna, 
luir, Hr/nam^i^^m, firmament. C4/r«i^, redegu a. Murtdusvel 
eo^mvst enbit* Tellus, tir. Terramr doer. Humm^ gueret. 
Mare ^mov, jEJ^ i/<?r, span en mor. Pe/rt^?w, mordifeid. Occeanum, 
mortot. Homo, den, Mm^ vet ma^scuIuSf gurruid, Femina, 
benenrid. Serus, antromet. Meni/trumf esel. Capud, pen. 
F<?r/ejF, diwuleuuit. Cer^^n^m, impimon. CVrr /j*, chil, Colhm, 
conna. From, tal Nasus^ trein, Naris, friic, Capillut^ 
bleuynpen. Cesanes, gols. Coma, cudin, Auris, scouarn* 
3fa:rilla, gnid. Timpus (i, e* iemptisj, erieu. Facies, enuoch* 
Svoercilium, abrans. PalpebrCt bleuenlagat. Ociihts, lagat, 
tj<?/ oci//^ legeit, P(j?pi7/tf, biu enlagat, (7^, genau, O^y, ascorn. 
Dens, dans. Denies, dannet. Lingua^ tauot. Palatum, stefemc* 



Labia, gueus. Gutiur, briansen. Mentum, elgelit, Barha, 
barf. Barhamjhfirei, CoUu m, gnnx* Pipc/w,y, duitdiuuron. Cor, 
colon, Piflnio, sccuens. JecuTj aui, Fel^ bistel. Slomacus, glas, 
Splejij lepilloit. Adeps^ blonet. Andna, suif. J'iscm, culu- 
rionem. ExsluMf enederen. Sanguis, guit, Caro, chic, Cutis^ 
he. Pellis, croin. Scapula , scuid. Don^tun. chein. Venter, tor 
velX^Xon, Brac/iiumt brecb. f/Z/m, elin. Manas, )au, r<?^ lof. 
Digitus, bk. Dig Hi f besset. Dtgitum, bes, Ungitis, enuiii. 
Pahna, palf. ^r/e<^, chefals. Latm, tenepon. Costa, asen. 
HencSf diu gl u ii . iWr ^/.^ , go i u e n . T e;?« , giii 5 . iv>;?i ^r iv?/ coxa , 
raorboit. Clunis, penelun. 6V;?w, peiicHji. Wufva, cheber. 
5iira, logodenfer* CW/s, for. Tibia, elescher. Tains , J i fern. 
Pts, truit, Planfa, goden truit. ^//rzx, bis truit. Uag^da, 
epincarn, Patria^cfia, hupeltat* Propketa, prof ait. Apostoltis^, 
apostol. Archiepiscopas, archescop. Episcopus, escop. Reg* 
num, ruifanaid. Abbas, abat. Presbilur, hebrcn chiat plui» vel 
oferiat. Sacerdos, pro under. Clericus, cloireg. Diuconvs vel 
hmta, diagon. Monacus^ manaclu Jfonacka vel mon talis, 
manaes. Anachorita, ancar. lieremita, ermit, Nnnna, laines. 
Cantor, clieniat. Canirixt canores. Lector, redtor, Lectrix, redi- 
ores. Laicus, leic. ConjunXf chespar, Castus, guaf* Incestus, 
squcnip. Pw/cAer, teg. FormosuStim^\m. Spedosiis , vel decorusp 
carder. Defor mis, dhliu. Pater, tat. 3fater, mrnn. ^4f2i^, hendat. 
Abatus, hongog, Proavus, dipog. Attarus, gurbhog, Ftlius, 
mab. Filia, much. Liberi, flechet. Soboies, ach. Familia, 
goscorpi, teilu. i*ra^er, broder rr/ brand. iSoror, piur. Victricus, 
altroii. Norerca, altnian. Privigniis, els, Filia^fer, el^es. TV^e- 
pos, noi. JVeptis, noit. A I tor, I'el nutritor, tatuat, Altrix, vel 
nutrix, maminai'5. Alumpmis, inabtiieidrin. Paimus, euiter 
abardtat. Avunculus, abarb, niam. Ilatertera, modereb 
abarhraani. Amita, abarhtat. Osculum, impoc^ vel ciissin. 
Basium, poccuil. Propincus,iieshQ\m\, Ajjfinisvelvonsanguineus 
carogos, Amictis, car. Progenies, vel t rib us, leid. Generation 
klnetlieL Gener, dof. Socer, hwigeren. Socrus, hweger, A^u- 
rtfs, gubil, Rext my, Sceptrum, goailen ruilanaid. Eegina, 
ruifanes. Imperator, vel Cesar, vel AuguJilus, emperur. Impe^ 
ratrix, vel Augusta, emperiz, Priceps, pendeuig. Dax, hebren- 
cialjuir. Comes, vel consul, \m\, f 7cecom<?5, pupoluair. Clito, 
pnpelpur, Obses, guistel. Primas, guesbeuin, Sairapa, gua- 
halgeli. Judex, brodit, Preposifas, mair. 3files, vel adlelka, 
cadpur, Exercitus, 11 u. Populus, pobeL Procinctus, liud, 
Edictum, gurliemin riiif. Vulgus, pobel tiogou, Congregatio, vel 
cancio, cuutellet. Conxenius, vel cojweniio, chetua. Sinodus, 
sened. Domimts, vel herus, arluit. Domina, arludes. Malronap 
bennenyat. Cliens, vel cUentulus, dencoscor, undamsi. Emp* 
tiusp caidprinid, Servus, caid. Vtrnaculus, teithioc. Ancilfa, 



9el abra, vel serva, caites, Cttafos, guidtliia^, Pasior, bugel* 
Puer, floh. Puella, moroin. llrgo, malitbeid. Procus^ tanter. 
Sponsus, gurpriot, Spofum, benen* In fans, mab aflauar. TTr, 
gur. Mulier, grueg. Vidua, guedeu. SeneXj colh. Maritus, guT 
cansgrueg {vel freg). Uxor^ greg {eel freg) canpe^ur. Amis, 
gruah. Adolescens, guriouene* Juvenis, youonc. Palerf ami lias, 
petitpilu. Maierfamilias, maiiteilvi. CansiliariuSf cusulioder, 
Ckmsilium, cusul Condanalor, datheluur. Operarius, oberor. 
Faber vel cudo, gof. Ofinitiva, go fail. Perrarim, heirnior. 
Liffnarins, sairpren. Auri/ex, cure. Argentarms, gueidpur 
argans. Erarius, gueiduur cober. Pusficus, treuedic, Amlor, 
araderuur, Ars, crest. Artifex, crestor, Op}Ls, gueid, Opifex, 
in^uinor. ArchUectus, wcidwurti. Piscator, piscadur* Rffhe, 
ruuL HamuSt hyc. Venafm% hclhwur, Venabuhm Jiodiwnyn. 
Avceps, idne, Laqueus, maglen. Trapezela, vel numidarmf, 
balhor, yuviisma, bat. Sollers, ^uasbatbor fur. InerSj dicrest. 
Poiejis, galluidoc. Giqas, enchmethe!. Nmmt.f, cor. Ptdis, 
corden. CUharisfa, toleinior* Cithara, telein. Ttibicen, barth 
liirgorn, Tuha, hirgorn. Tibicen, wi|jhit. Mma, wib. Fidicen, 
harfrllor Ftdicina, fellores. Fiala, harfeL Cormcen, cberniat. 
Cornu, corn. Fistula^ wilx)nouL Liitcen, kemat combricara. 
LinthuiL^, tollcorn* Poeta, pridit. Mifm^s, vel scurra, barth, 
Sal(atoj\ lappior. Saltafrix, lappiores. 3fercaloi\ vel negoci" 
ator, guic^ur. 3ferx, paroe. Pirata, ancredpur mor, Classis, 
Ian listri. iVarU, lester. Remus, niif. Pemex, vel nauta, 
ruifadur. Gubernato}\ vel nauclerus, leuiat. Prorefa, breimiat. 
Prom, flurrag. Puppis, mios, Ancora > ancnr, Anfempnn.deh. 
Velum, guiL 3IaluSj guern. Clavus, leu, pi, obil. Medirvs, 
medhec. Medicina, medhecnaid. Arsuraf vel nsttilafw, lose. 
Polio, diot. Unguent am, urat. Malagma, tairnant. Salinator, 
lialoiiior, Sutorj chereor. Sartor, seuyad, Dispnimhr, maer, 
buit. Divisor, renniat. Pincerna, menjslror. Caupo, maidor. 
Dives, wuUidoc. Inops, vel pauper, bochodoc. Fur, ferbiat. 
Lntro, lader. Profugus, fadic. Exul, diures. Fidelis, laian. 
Infidelis, dislaian. Felix, fodic. Conientimus, strifor. Injuria 
osiu, camhinsic, Piger, dioc. Hebfs, talsoch. Parasitus, goiihoc, 
«^/ wilecur. Augur , chmWmc. //ir^rt/fl/or, wurchcniat. Vene- 
Jfcus, guenoin reiat. Alalejiciis, drochoberor. Magus, hudol, 
Phitonvisa, cuillioges. Q'/t^/no, pencanguer. Persecutor .heWii^L 
Th^olenarius, tollor. Bonum^ da. Malum, drog. Dispendium 
vel damp num,A\o)^exies. Jactur a iC^WeU Cbmmodum,les. Pes^ 
tfo. Aimhis, bisou. ArmiUat moderuy. Diadema, curun ray. 
Capuiinm, bot. Monile, dele. Spinter, broche. Fitndu, streing. 
Vtlta, snod. Inauris, scinen. Jncola, treiiedic doer, Adrena, 
denvmcbut. Peregrinits, -pifginn. CWonwj,treiiedic. Agricola, 
gunithiat ereu. Messor^ inidiL Messis, hitaduer. Acervus^ 



barn* Arairum, aradar. Vomer^ soch. Culfur, colter. Juffum, 
ieu. Stimulus, gfiTihou, Aculeus, hro^. Cuiulus.gxuden. Funis 
vel ft/niculuSf louaii. Maqister, maister. Saiptor, scriuiniat. 
Scriptura^ scriuit. Epistoiam, scriuen danuon. Ecangehum, 
geaweil. Quaternw, . . . , Piano, disclien. Diploma, guarac. 
Enulctj baioK Pergamenum^ vel memhranumt parchemin. Sceda, 
vel scedula fymhiyionen. Pejtrm.jylmien, P/W/j/%liuor. M'mium, 
liu melet. Gluten, glut. Sculptor, grauior. Imago, vel aaalma, 
auain. Scalprum,velscalbellum,co[l^lgvix\iio. Scola, iyCoL Sco~ 
lasti(jus, scholheic- Pedagogus, maister mebion. Discipulus, 
discibel. Miser, trot. CecuSy dal. Claudus, clof. Muluji, aflauar, 
Balbus, creg. Blesus, stlaf, SurduJi, bothar. Debilis, guan. 
Luscus, vel TnonotalmuSj cuic. Slral/o, cam. Lippus, primus- 
doc. Mancus, mans. Infitmu^, aniach. Eger, vel egrotiis, 
claf. Leprosus, clafhorec. LunaHcus, badus, Demrmiaciis, 
sach diauol. Energuminus, quan ascient. Morbus , elewet. 
PestiSf baL Eabidus, vel amens, vel demeris, conerioc. lnsa~ 
wti^, gurbulloc. Sanus.j^ch. Eabies, disconmn^it. Freneticus, 
folterguske. Letargns^ vel letargicus, cuscadur disimpit* Le- 
iargia, )?undesimpit. Vigil, liepueil. Vigilia, quillua. Per^ 
vigd, hichhepuiL Justus, eujihinsic. Injustiis, canihinsic. 
Famosus, geriit da. Fama, gerda. Infamis, drocgeriit. Infa^ 
mm, drocger. iar^w.v, hail. 7Vnfz,r, sinsiat. Pr/rcM*, henbidiat. 
Avartts, craf. /?a/>/or, robbior. Sagax, vel gnarus, guenwuit. 
Sapiens, •^kientoc. fnsipiens, dLskient. Prudens, fur. Inpru- 
den^s, an fur, AshUm, cal. Stidlus, fol. Verax, guirion. Veri" 
dicus, guirleuenat, Fallax, tullor, Mendax, gouhoc. Falsidicus, 
gouleueriat. Testis, list. Testimonium, tistuni* Sermo, vel fo- 
cutio, lauar. Superbm, gothus, Superbia, goth. HumiUs^ huueL 
Humilitas, huueldot. Vita, biu. Anima, enef. ^piriius, spirit. 
Mors, aocou. Yris, vel arcus, camniuet. Tonitruum, taran. 
Fulgur, luwet* Pluvia, glau. Nix, ircb. Grando, keser, 
Celum, FPU. Glades, jey. Aer, awuit. Ventws, guins. Aura, 
auheL Nimbus, couat* Procella, anaubel. Nubes, huibren. 
Z/tix, golou. Tenebre, tivvuigou* Flamma, flam. Secidum, hois. 
Dies, det, Nox, nos. Mane, me tin* Vesperum, gurthuper. 
Hora, prit. Ebdomada, seithum. Mejisis, mis. Ver, guaintoin. 
Estas,\\^t Autummtus,kyi\vdS, I/gemps, ^oyL Annus, hl'ipen. 
TempuSr anser. Hodie, hr}7eu. Cras, auorou, Heri, doy. 
Nunc,velmorlo,\mxi2Ln, Sur^um,\\\iQ\m{. Deorsum /isoL Calor, 
tunder. Frigus, iein. Fervor, tes, Cauma, entredes. Siccitas, 
sichor. Humor, ^libor, Sieriliias, anuabat. Fertilifas, walto- 
wat. Calor, lui, Alhus, g^y^- Niger, dup. Buber, rud. 
Fulvus, veljlavits, milin. Viridis, guirt, Varius, bruit. Unus 
color, unliu. Discolor, disliu, Forma, furf. Pkantasnm, tar- 
nutuaij. Umbra, scod. Creator, creadJor- Creatura, croadur. 


Nomina Avium. 


Avtis^ vel volatile, hethen. Aqmla^ er. O&rtus, marburan. 
Milvus, scoul* Ancipifer, bitlnewein, Grus, garan. Ardea, 
chf*rliit, Ciconia, store. Merula, iiioelh. Chlumbat ooloin. Pa- 
lumbat cudon* Anetat hoeU Alcedo, guilan. Pavo, paun. 
Olor, vel ciffniiSt elerhc. Rostrum^ geluin. Mer^ua, vel iner- 
guluSi saithor. Hirundot guennoL Passef% goluan. Titrtur, 
troct* Auca, guit. Anser, cheliocguit. Galltts, chelioc, GalUna, 
yar. Cblumis^ fine, PuUus, yAmc,velehol. Ovum,\\y\ A^idus, 
neid. Vespert ilia, hihsoinmei, Nodualis stix^ hu\e, Falco^vel 
capum, falcun. Turfur, turen* Graculus, pal ores* Alauda^ 
ewidit Parraxj berthuan Apis^ guenenen. <SwrM-»> sudronenn. 
Vespa, guhien, Bnicus, cafor, Scrabo, hwirnores. ScarabeitSt 
hwUen. Mmca, kelionen. Cinomia, lewenki. CuUxt stut. 
Scini/es, guibeScn. 

Nomina Piscium^ 

Pisrijtf pise. Cctiis, inoruil, Delpkinu.^^ morhoc. hians, vel 
snlmOf ehoc, Alu^ilis, vel mugilf breitliiL TariciLfj vel allec, 
berittg. Mullus, inehil. Tructa^ trud. Anguilla^ selU. Fannus^ 
roche. Rocea, talhoc. Cancer, cancher. Pblippm, lege^t- Os* 
irea, vel ostreum, eMven, Muscula, me??cleii. Mur&na, v^l mu- 
rennlai mornader. Luceiis, doiishoc^ dour. Conc/ui, crogen* 
Nomina Ferarum. 

Fera guitfiL Lupm, bleit, Leo^ leu. Linx, commiscbleit 
haticbi. Unicorms, uncom. Vufpes^ louuern. Taxo, vel meliis, 
broch. EquuH, tiiarcb. Fqua^ cassec. Asinu^t vel asina, aspu. 
CameliMt caurmarch. Onager, asengudl. Elephans, oliphatis. 
Ursun, ors, Simla, sini. LutritiSf doler^^hi* Fiber, befcr. 
Fcnmat^^f yeugen. Mu^tki, louennan. Ta/pa, god. Catltat, ml 
murilegm, kat. Hgridm, vel erinacius, sort. Clissemm^ vel 
mits, vel soorrex, logoden, Imm*, prif. Cermis, cnniu. Cerva^ 
euhic. Dartia, tel damula, da. Hinmtlus, loch, cubic . Capre- 
olm, kytiorch. Caprea, yorch. Caper, vel hy reus, boch. Capra, 
vel capella, gauar. Jfedm, inin, Lepus, scouarnoc, Porctat, 
hoch. Su^, haneu. Scrojfa, guLs. Aper, vel verres, bahct. 
AfagaJLSf torch, Pbrcelhts, porchel. Bos, odion. Vacca, vel 
Imccula, buch. lltulvs, loch. Juvencus^ deneuoit. Ovis, dauat. 
Aries, both. Verves ^moh, Agnus, oin, Peciis, vel junientum, 
chal. Animal, mil. Caim, ki, Molmus, guiUer. Catulti^, co- 
loin. DrarOi driuc. Vipei^a, vel serpens, vel angms, nader. 
Coluber, gorbfel. Rubela, croinoc, Rana, guilschiii, Lacerta, 
wedresif* Stelliot anaf. Locus fa, clieliocrederj, Sangutssuga, 
ghel. LimdXf indyen. Tentudo, raelVioges. Formica, menpi- 
onem. Eruca, pnfpren. Pedicnbts^Xoyi^XL Pulex, h|>anneii. 
CuneZt coiilroneii. Ttneat gou|iaD. 




Nbminn Herbarum, 

HerbaM^. Algium, keiiineuynoc. Dilla^ tauolen* Libestica, 
guylcs. Febrlfugia, le^^deilh. Sunphoniacay gahen. Anadonia, 
goalies. Aprotanumt dehoules. Sinitia, madere, Fmicalum, 
fenocheL 3falva, malnu, CotuoMa, boreles. Solsequium, le- 
serigoc. RutUj rute. lietonica, lesdushoc. CnHa, co^te. Mille- 
Jhliumj miufel. Calamm\ koiseu. Canna, tel arunJo, lieschen. 
Papavef% mill. Ahsintium, fudein. Ur iica, WnhtkAnn, Arch- 
uiigelica, coiclinhat. Plantagn, enlidaii. 3farrtibium, lesliut, 
ia/»pa, I esse rL*hoc. Sajidix,g]e^iii. Caula, vel magdulans, cemL 
Cartstaf vel kerso, beler, Minfe, inente, Serpiliumt coifinel. 
AHemesia^ loSes, Cfl/-f/«5, askellen. Her moda^hda, vel t dodo- 
sa, guilkenin, Liliumt lilie, Rosa, lireilu, Vigila, melbyonen. 
Jiaphamtm, rodic. FileXf re^en. Carex^ clestren. Juncus, vel 
scupus, brunnen. 

Nomina Arborum* 

Arbor, gulden. Flos, bioJon, Cortex, ruse. Folium, delen. 
Burns, box. Fraxus, onnen. Quercus, vel illeXf glastannen, zi<?/ 
dar. Tax us, hiuin. CoriUus, colpiden, Alntis, ^uerneu. Alalus, 
aualleti, Pimts, pinbreu, Fruclus, fruit, Bacuh^, lorch. Virga, 
guaylen. Virgultiim, luworch guiL /tamtis, scorren. Glans, 
mesen. Grannm, groncn. Radix, grueiteiu Pirus, perbren. 
Pliunhm^ plumbren. Ficus, ficbren. LHcia, kelin. Poptdus, 
l)(*devvcn. Geriesla^ baiiatlieL SenfeSf drein. Frufex, scrnic, 
Ramnm, eythinen. Spina, drain. Vepres, dreis* Abies, arid- 
len, vel sibuit, Olea, vel oliva, oleubren. Morus, inoyrbren. 
Vitu, guinbren. Salix, heligen* Silva, cuit. Lignum, prcn. 
Trunm^, treth, Sfirbs, stoc. Nemus, kellL Saltus, lanherch, 
T7fl, ford. Semi fa, tmlorch, Tnviam, hebford. Iter, kerd. 
Patria, gulat. Provincia, pob. Mo/is, meniL Collis, cnic, vel 
runen. Vail is, nans. Fenum, fjuyraf. Ager, i?rp. Segcs^yd, 
Campus, guen. Pascua, bonnder. Pons, pons. J'adum, rid, 
Pratum, budin. Aqua, vel amnis, dour, Gulta, vel stilla, 
banne. Stagnum, sagen, Flumen, velfluvius, auon. Ripa, glan, 
Litas, als. Alveus, frot. Torrens, cbahenrit, Rivus, guner. 
Fans, funten. Harena, grou, vel trait. Gurges, abet. Vivarium^ 
pisclin, PiUetts, poK Locus, grelin. LaleXt stret* 

Domiis, ti. jEcdesia, eglos. Anguhis, elin, Altare, altar* 
Liber f vel codex, Yi\xex» Liter a, Mlhextn, Folium, adeiu Pagina, 
eneb« Laculus, logel. Calix, kelege!. Patena, engurbor. Crux, 
velstmirus, crois. Candelabrum, caritulbren. befiste escop. (?) 
Fundameaium, sel. Pammentum, vel solum, lor. Paries, po- 
ruit. Tectum f to. Fenestra, fenesler. Hostium, darat. Ifostta* 
rim, darador, Janua, vet vaha, porth, Columpua, post, 
Clausura, alwcd. Cluvist dialhyet. Clamts, ebilhoera. Sera^ 



hesp. CJtoruSt karoL Gradus, grat, Scabellum, scauel* TJim, 
encob. Odor, flair, Thurihulum, iiicoissester. Roguh, loe. 
La mpasp vtl lucent n, vcl lafern a, gol ou 1 est er . Lich inus, I u ga r n , 
Cereus, taper, Cera, coir. Candeia, cniituil, Afuncfonnnt, 
ge\\e\ hoern* Ciocca, cloch. Cloccarium, vel hirar, clechtr. 
Tintinnnbulum, clerhic, Campana, clochoiuer. Vexiix, vel 
vestimen/um, vel indumenlum, ^isr. Cfisula, opprgugoL Alha^ 
cam'?. Sloia, stoL Sttpevhunierale^ scuidlien. Manmil^, stollof^ 
vel coweidliupr. Ciu//uliim> vel zona, rel cinctoriwn, {^^rugns. 
CaJiga, loder. Ocrea, lios. Calciamentum, art hi oat. Suhtularix^ 
wibanor. Flat/rum* vd flagellum, scubilen. Dormiiorium, 
cuscki. Ledum, vel lectulum, gfueli. Siramenhim, kalagueli, 
Sagum, len. Pidvinar^ plufoc, Shido, li engueli. Fulcra^ dil- 
latguelu Femoralia, larroc* Perizomafa, vel campestria, la- 
fn>cpan. Fdum, linin, vel ntxlen. Fimbrium, pillen. Cappa, 
capa, ManteUum, mantel. PelUcia, pcllistgun Tunica^ pels. 
Qimisia, krcis. Ffnioralia, lafroc. Calcias, fosaneu. Solu- 
lares ^ eskidieu. Cultellum, kethrl. Vagina, guein. Colobium, 
heuis. Manwa.hf^^xhtyL CitcuUa, cugoL Pednlafphugen, Com- 
missura^ ennioii. Taral, peu*^ gniec. MaMrugai pengiighgrcc, 
pi. pellistker. Tela, guiat. Peplum, usair* Linum, lin. Lana, 
gluath Globus^ pellen, Colwt, kigel. Fmus, gurhthii. Traltes, 
trosler, Tignumt keber. Luquear, nenliren. Ctita, cluit. CVwi- 
balum, choch dibei. Refeetorntm, bindorn, Tapeta, strail. 
Matta, strail elester. Mensa, niuis* Discus ^ scudtl* DUcifer, 
renniat. Minister, gonidoc. Lardum, mehiii. C«^ett5, cos, (^t'<f/ 
caus). Bulirum, ameiien (re/emeoin). Sal, holoiri (cf/ lialein). 
Anis, bara* /*t/;a> album, bara can* Panl'^ avenam, bara 
keirch. Siliginis. Aqu^m^ douer, tW dur, Calidam, toini, 
-FnyiVfem, oir. Gsrrma, coruf. TTrtwrn, win (r<?/i^iin). 3feda, 
niedu (re/ meddou), Cervtsta, rel celea, cnref, Accetum^ guin- 
fellet. Idroniellum, rel mwAft/m, brcgaud. Oleum, ok'U. PwZy, 

i8t. Olera, caul, iar, lait. Z^fl^ t/w/n?, leverid. Z^^' 

Sicera, sicer. Manulergium, vel mantde, lieridiidof. Cullellas, 
coUel, t^i?/ ketheL ..4r/at*w.^, kellillic. Vas, cafat. Hunapus, 
hanaf, Ciffns, fiol. Patera, scala. Cibus, vel esca, buit, Poius, 
diot. Li^dr, lad. CYawjf^/*Mm, claitster, (u^^Z cloister)* Coquina, 
kcghin. Cooa. kog, ^wi*, ml focus ^ tan, Flamnia, flam. 
Pruna^ regihten. -Swci^na, txibct. Tlao, itheu. O/Za, seit, 
Ckcabtis, cajtor, Lebes, per, Caro, kig, /^.f . iskel. Ficinula, 
ktnguer* Coniedia, racca. Laps, vel absonum, vel feradum^ 
sant Veru, bcr. Arsura, guleit. Sarlago, padelhoern, Frix- 
orium, oilet, Cffclio, bredion. CdcIus, parot Frucius, trech, 
Offa, suben. Mica, breuyonen, Vestiaritmit guiscti. Testa- 
menium, . * . • Sigdlum. Cellarium, talge!. Molendinum, 
melin. Jfo/a, brou. Mel, rael. Mtc/u*, brulia, Pecunia, r)1s. 


Nummus, dinair. Pistrinum, popei. Fornax, vel clibanus, forn. 
Pistor, peber. Granum, gronen, Farina, blot. Bratium, brag. 
Palea, culm, vel usion Cribrum, vel crihellum, croider. Fur^ 
fures, talch. Fer, guthot. Amfora, perseit. Lagena, kanna. 
UtensUia, lofgurhc hel. Dolium, tonnel. Cupa, Keroin. Sup- 
pellez, gutrahel. Aula, hel. Triclinum, steuel. Solarium, vel 
solium, soler. Turris, tur. Cardo, medinor. Strigil, vel stri^ 
gile, streil. Risus, hwer)?in. Leius, louen. Trisiis, trist. Famis, 
nauD. Pingvis, bor. Pinguedo, berri. Corpulentus, .... 
Macer, vel Macilentus, cul. Grossus, bras. Gracilis, muin. 
Longus, hir. Brevis, ber. Magnus, mauor. Parvus, boghan. 
Fortis, crif. Invalidus, anuein. Sollicitus, priderus. Securus, 
diogel. Causa, chen. Accusator, cuhu]?udioc. Excusator, dif- 
fennor. Nichil, laduit. Aliquid, nebtra. /%//a, diber. 

The few variations here inclosed in brackets, are in the MS. inserted be- 
tween the lines by a hand very little more modem than that which wrote 
the original. The orthography of the MS. has been careftilly observed. 



From MS. Egerton, No. 613, (in the British Moseom) written perhaps 
before the middle of the thirteenth century, 

foU 1, v*9 each stanza written in four lines. 

Somer is comen and winter is gon, 

this day beginniz to longe, 
And this foules everichon, 

joye hem wit songe ! 
So stronge kare me bint, 
Al wit joye that is funde 

in londe, 
Al for a child 
That is so milde 

of honde, 

That child that is so. milde and wlong, 
and eke of grete munde, 
Voye (1) in boskes and in bank 

i-sout me hauj a stunde ! 
I-funde he hevede me 
For an appel of a tre 
He brae the bond 
That was so strong 

wit wunde. 


That child that was, so wilde and wlongy 

to me alute lovve ; 
Fram me to Giwes he was sold, 

ne cutheii hey him nout ciio^«s€| 
" Do we ** sayden he, 
** Nail we him opon a tre 

Ac arst we sullen scinin him 
ay rowe." 

Jhesu is the childes name, 

king of al londe ! 
Of the king he meden game, 

and smiteii him wit honde. 
To fonden him opon a tre, 
He ^even hini wuiides to and tlire 

in honden ; 
Of bitter drink he senden him 
a sonde. 

Det he nom ho rode tre, 

the lifof us alle ! 
. . , . it nowit other be 

bote we scoldeii walle, 
And wallen in belle dep 
Nere nevere so swet 
wit alle ! 
Ne miitte savi castel, tur, 
ne halle. 

Mayde and moder that a-stod, 

Marie fulof grace^ 


vallen in the place. 
The trace ran of, he bted 
Chan gedere, fles and blod 

and face ; 
He was to-drawe, 
So dur i-slawe 

in chace, 

Det he nam, the suete man, 

wel heye opon the rode, 
He wes hure sunnes everichon 

mid is swete blode* 
Mid flode he lute adun, 
And brace the ^ates of that prisun 

that stode ; 
Atid ches here out that there 
were gode. 

102 *.>BL1QUIJI ANTIQUii. 

He nvB^bim one the thridde day, 

:•, '\ and sette him on is trone ; 

He-ijciile come a domes day 

to dem us everichic one. 
:'• . Grone he may and wepen ay, 
;••.;•' The man that deiet witoute lay, 
.••/ *. alone. 

*•/•' Grante ous Crist 

Wit thai uprist 

to-gene. Amen. 

f /«.....-«-~^ 

Blessed beo thu, lavedi, 

fol of hovene blisse, 
Swete flur of parais, 

moder of milternisse ; 
Thu praye Jhesu Crist thi sone, 

that he me i-wisse, 
Thare alonde al swoihc beo, 

that he me ne i-misse. 

Of the, faire lavedi, min oreisun 

ich wile biginnen ! 
Thi deore swete sunnes love 

thu lere me to winnen. 
Wei ofte ich sike and sorwe make, 

ne mai ich nevere blinnen. 
Bote thu, thruh thin milde mod, 

bringe me out of sunne. 

Ofte ihc seke merci, 

thin swete name ich calle : 
Mi flehs is foul, this world is fals, 

thu loke that ich ne falle. 
Lavedi freo, thu schild me 

fram the pine of helle ! 
And send me into that blisse 

that tunge ne mai tellen. 

Mine werkes, lavedi, 

heo makieth me ful won ; 
Wei ofte ich clepie and calle, 

thu i-her me for than. 
Bote ic chabbe the help of the, 

other I ne kan; 
Help thu me, ful wel thu mist, 

thu helpest moni a man. 


I-blessed beo thu, lavedi, 

so fair and so briht ; 
Al min hope is uppon the 

bi dai and bi nicht. 
Helpe, thruh thin milde mode, 

for wel wel thu mist, 
That ich nevere for feondes sake 

fur-go thin eche liht. 

Briht and scene quen of hovene, 

ich bidde thin sunnes hore ; 
The sunnes that ich habbe i-cun, 

heo rewweth me ful sore. 
Wel ofte ich chabbe the fur-saken, 

the wil ich never eft more ; 
Lavedi, for thine sake, 

treuthen feondes lore. 

I-blessed beo thu, lavedi, 

so feir and so hcnde ; 
Thu praie Jhesu Crist thi sone, 

that he me i-sende, 
Whare a londe al swo ich beo, 

er ich honne wende, 
That ich mote in parais 

wonien withuten ende. 

Bricht and scene quen of storre, 

so me liht and lere. 
In this false fikele world 

so me led and steore. 
That ich at min ende dai 

ne habbe non feond to fere ; 
Jhesu, mit ti swete blod, 

thu bohtest me ful dere. 

Jhesu, seinte Marie sone. 

thu i-her thin moder bone ; 
To the ne dar I clepien noht, 

to hire ich make min mene ; 
Thu do that ich for hire sake 

beo i-maked so clene. 
That ich noht at dai of dome 

beo flemed of thin exsene. 


En une matine me levoye Pautre er, 
Pensif de amorettes ke ret apreiser ; 
Bou mun quer deit estre e od lui demurer, 
Kar tute ma joie vent de ben amer. 

Mei ke suy ameruse, ne suy a blamer ; 
Kar je ay tel amy ke n*ad poynt de per; 
II est si tres beaus, e si franc de quer, 
Ke en trest tut le munde ne trovera sun per. 

Mun tres duz amy, ke m'avez done 
De vus si graunt joie e reconfort^, 
De Yostre tres duz amor m'avez enamor^, 
Ke pur ren ke veie ne dei estre grev6. 

Mun tres duz amy, a vus me comaunt, 
Ke me donasstes sen de vus amer taunt ; 
E vus pri ke me eidez ke me seit duraunt, 
Ke je ai la graunt joye dunt sui atendaunt. 


ibid. wrUten <U$o in pro§9* 

Litel uo it eniman on trewe love bi stodet, 

Bute oureswete levedi thatmuchel therof baud fondet; 

The love of hire hit lassted swthe longe, 

He oaweth ws plist he wele bus undcrfonge. 

Owre mo is mi lif, and ic in grete thoute ; 

I thenche of hire that al hure blisse bus broute. 

/oL 6 y*. written a$ pro»e. 

Costi reris filia, 
Tua te familia 

et precatur 
Tua patrocinia. 
Virgo pura. 
Fac fiitura 

nos frui Isetitia. 

Tu de tribu regia 
Producens exordia, 
sola Christi 
Subire connubia 
Virgo' pura. 


Adhuc annis tenera, 
Suspiras ad supera, 

et devota 

mente tola 
Tendis ad ccelestia. 
Virgo pura. 

'Pro fide catholica 
Flagella non modica 


nee flexisti 
Mentem per supplicia. 
Virgo pura. 

Dum gens Christo credula 
Cogitur ad ydola 


tu nefanda 
Probas hadc dsemonia. 
Virgo pura. 

Conclusos in propria 
Artis eloquentia 

das peritos, 

Per multa confinia. 
Virgo pura. 

Qui dum complent ultima 
Per ignis duci in ima, 

coma, veste, 

simul teste, 
Non patent incendia. 
Virgo pura. 

Uxor per te re^a 
Regis cum militia 

Christo credit, 

et se dedit 
Volens ad martyria. 
Virgo pura. 

Mira dei natia, 
Rotarum aum pondera 


Impiorum milia. 
Virgo pura. 

106 ilBttattJC ANtlQUJB. 

Bum lictoris spicula 
Subis post pencula, 

pro cruore 

novo more 
Lactis manant flumina. 
Virgo pura. 

On the same page^ wtiU written ae proee^ 
Tres duce Katerine, sez nostre mescine* 
De une pucele chanteray, 
Ke tut jur de quer ameray ; 
Si le yus di, kar ben le sai 
Ke mut fu nette e fine. 

Estreite fu de noble genti 
Si seynte escripture ne ment ; 
Kar reis esteit sun pere e gent, 

E sa mere reine. 


Mut esteit de bon corage ; 
Kar Deu servi en sun age, 
Ke la garda de damage, 

Si la fet sa veisine. 


Mut souflFri pur Deu hublement, 
Graunt pasiun e gref turmen[t], 
Meinte aspre flael vifement, 

Au jos e a Teschine. 


Mes Deu tresben Taguerduna, 
Kaunt de sa mein la corona, 
E s'amie Tapela, 

Cele seinte meschine* 


Trop fet apreiser par reysun 
La bele, quant e la prisun 
Venqui Maxence le felun, 

Ce fu la Katerine* 


N*est pas merveille, kar verity 
Aveit od sei e amist6 ; 
Si out en li humility, 

De vertu la racine. 




Deu ! kaunt a jugement vendrum, 
Graunt mesier de lui averumi 
E pur ce eyns crier Deum 

A la pucele entoine. 


Si cum ele ad Maxence vencu. 
Plus vilement unqcs mes iie fu, 
Ke ele se}^ par sa graunt verta 

De nos peccet mescine. 

Tres duce Katerine, 

Seez nostre mescine. 

J^. 90) r*$ wriiten in a later handy of about the beginning of the fourteenth 
cent ur if 

De la soryte ne di-go mye I 

Ke elle ne C*ic> hardy cum lyon. 

Ele nieyne hoveka reys, 

Pres de cuntes e" bamns ; 

Tus jurs meyne bone vye, 
Va, soryte. 

Mut fill hardy le soryt, 

Kaunt ele se curabati, ne frat* 
Je la ferray aver robe 

De karlet how de autre drap, 
Kar ele me at en sa baylye* 

Va sorys, Deu, etc, 

De la soryte ne ay-je qure, 

Ke ele veyne a ma meysun. 
Ele mauogera me heses, 

E tuz le quyr de nie purune; 
Kar autre chose ne ay-je mye, 

Va sorys, etc. 

Mut fut petit le sorys, 

Kaunt ele entra c mun cervere, 

Deu la doynt la male vye, 

Kant ele denea de mun ble. 

Kar ele me at en sa bay lye, 

Va, soryte, Deu te maudye ! 

Kaunt le sorys er malades, 

Je la ferray confesser. 
Mai (?) la maundera le prettre, 

Ci li tray oae ly parler. 
Kar ele me at en sa baylye. 

Va, sorys, Deu te maudye ! 


Kaont le sorys er mort, 

Je le ferav enterer ; 
Quynse jours how trejrs simeynes 

Pur li firay le seynner soner. 
Kar ele esteit de bone vye. 

Va, soryte, Deu te maudye ! 

The writing is in some places almost erased, and in others so ill written 
that it is not easy to decypher. 



From MS. Sloane, 1318, fol. 126, y*, of the flfteentUtaitarj. 

Tempur ru^ plom, or vermyloun, with glejrr of egges or with 
gummed watir, or with thymie cole, that is to say the clere 

Tempur blank chalke, plum or ceruse, with gleyre or thinne 
cole; loke thy maters be wel y-grounde. 

To done away mool or spootfrom clothe. 
Washe thy clothe with the brodie of erey pesene, wel y- 
hooled; vel sic, ley upon the moole of thy clothe blake sope 
medeled with otis, and bowke well the clothe afturwarde* 

To make murrour hry^t. 
Stryke wel theron blak sope, and let the sope lye theron al 
a ny3t, and on the morow wepe hit awey. 

Gold Watur. 
Grynde vytryole, sal gemme, and sal armonacer, an unce of 
eche ; sethe in a quart of wyn til hit be wastid half awey; let 
hit kele, and write therwithe. 

Cyse for gold. 
R. clalk and brend chalke, and grynde hem well togedur 
with gleyr of an ey ; kepe hit as thike as thou mey, tempur hit 
with faire watyr, put hit in an horn, stere hit with a stykke, 
and worche therwith when it is cold. 

To done away what is y-wreten in velyn orparchement without 

any pomyce. 

Take the juyst of rewe and of nettyl, in Marche, in Averel, 

or in May, and medyl hit with chese, mylke of a kow, or of 

shepe^ put therto imqueynt lym, medle hem wel togedur, and 


make iherof a lofe, and drye liit at the sonne, and make therof 
powdur. When thou wolt do awey the lettre, wete a pensel 
with sj)otiI or with watur, and moist thervvith the lettres 
that thou wolt do awey, and then cast the powder therupon, 
and with thi nai! ihou maist done awey the letties that hit 
schal nothyng been a-sene, wiUiout any apeyrement. This 
medecyn, y-made with chese or my Ike of a kow, is good for 
velym; and, of a sepej good for parchement. 



FTOtn MS. Karl. No. 22^, fol. 125» r*>, of the reign of Edward II, 

Men that wol of wysdam heren. 
At wyse Hendyng he may lernen. 
That wes Marcolves sorie ; 

Gode ihonkes ant monie thewes 

For te teche fele slirewes, 
For that wes ever is wone. 
Jhesu Crist, al folkes red. 
That for us alle tholede dcd 

Upon the rode tre, 
Lene us alle to ben wys. 
Ant to ende in his servys \ 

Amen, par charite ! 
' God biginning maketh god endyng/ 
Quoth Hendyng, 

Wyt ant wysdom lumeth jerne, 
Ant loke that none other werne 

To be wys ant hende ; 
For betere were to bue wis. 
Then for te w^here feh ant grys, 

WTier so mon shal ende, 

* Wyt ant wisdom is god w^arysoun,* 

Quoth Hendyng, 

Ne may no mon that is in londe^ 
For nothyng that he con fonde, 

Wonen at home ant spede ; 
So fele thewes for te leorne, 
Ase he that hath y-sotht ^eorne 

In wel fele theode, 

* Ase fele thede, ase fele thewes;' 

Quoth Hendyng. 


Ne bue thi child never so duere, 
Ant hit wolle unthewes lerne, 

Bet hit other whyle ; 
Mote hit al habben is wille, 
Woltou nultou hit wol spille. 

Ant bicome a fule. 
* Luef child lore bvhoveth ;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Such lores ase thou lernest, 
After that thou sist ant herest, 

Mon, in thyne jouthe, 
Shule the on elde folewe, 
Bothe an eve ant a-morewe, 

Ant bue the fol couthe. 
' Whose 3onglerneth, oltheneleseth;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

3ef the biste a sunne don, 
Ant thy thoht bue al theron, 

Jet is god to blynne ; 
For when the hete is overcome, 
Ant thou have thy wyt y-nome, 

Hit shal the lyke wynne. 
' Let lust overgon, eft hit shal the lyke;' 
Quoth Hendyng, 

3ef thou art of thohtes lyht. 
Ant thou falle for un-might 

In a wycked synne ; 
Loke that thou do hit so selde, 
In that sunne that thou ne elde, 

That thou ne deje therinne. 
' Betere is eye sor, then al blynd ;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Me may lere a sely fode, 
That is ever toward gode. 

With a lutel lore ; 
Jef me nul him forther teche, 
Thenne is herte wol areche 

For te lerne more. 
' Sely chyld is sone y-lered ;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Jef thou wolt fleyshe lust overcome, 
Thou most fist ant fle v-lome. 
With eye ant with huerte ; 


Of fleyah lust cotnelh shame, 
Tliath hit thanche the body game, 

Hit doth the soule smerte* 
' Wei fytht, that wel flyth ;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Wis mon holt is wordes yime; 
For he nul no gle bygynne, 

£r he have tempred is pype. 
Sot is sot, ant that is sene ; 
For he wol speke wordes grene, 

Er tlien hue buen rype. 
' Sottes bolt is sone shote ;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Tel thou never thy fo-mon 
Shome ne teone that the is on, 

Thi care ne thy wo; 
For he w ol fonde, ^ef he may, 
Both by nj'htes ant by day, 

Of on to make two. 
' Tel thou never tlty (o that thy fot aketh;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Jef thou havest bred ant ale, 
Ne put thou nout al in thy male, 

Thou del it sum aboute. 
Be thou frc of thy meeies, 
Wher so me eny mete deles, 

Gest thou nout withoute. 
' Betere is appel y-jevc then y-ete ;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Alle whyle ich wes on erthe, 
Never lykede me my werthe. 

For none wynes fylle; 
Bote myn ant myn owen won^ 
Wyn ant water» stokes ant ston, 

Al goth to my wille, 
' Este bueth oime brondes;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

5ef the lacketh mete other clotht^ 
Ne make the nout for thy to wrotht, 

Thath thou byde bore we; 
For he that haveth is god ploth, 
Ant of worldes wele y-noh, 

Ne wot he of no sorewe. 
\ Gredy is the godles ;' 

Quoth Hendyng. 



3ef thou art riche ant wel y-told, 
Ne be thou notht tharefore to bold, 

Ne wax thou nout to wilde; 
Ah ber the feyre in al thyng, 
Ant thou might habbe blessyng, 

Ant be meke ant mylde. 
' When the coppe is foUest, thenne ber hire feyrest;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

3ef thou art an old mon, 
Tac thou the no jong wommon 

For te be thi spouse ; 
For love thou hire ner so muche, 
Hue wol telle to the lute 

In thin oune house. 
' Moni mon syngeth 
When he hom bringeth 

Is 3onge wyf ; 
Wyste wot he brohte, 
Wepen he mohte^, 


Quoth Hendyng. 

Thah thou muche thenche, 

Ne spek thou nout al ; 
Bynd thine tonge 

With bonene wal, 
Let hit don synke, 
Ther hit up swal ; 
^ 5^ ' Thenne mytht thou fynde 

Frend over al. 

' Tonge breketh bon, 
Ant nad hire selve non ;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Hit is mony gedelyng, 

When me hym 3eveui a lutel thyng, 

Waxen wol un-satht. 
Hy telle he deth wel by me, 
That me 3eveth a lutel fe, 

Ant oweth me riht naht. 
' That me lutel jeveth, he my lyf ys on;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Mon that is luef don ylle, 

When the world goth after is wylle, 

Sore may him drede ; 
For 3ef hit tyde so that he falle, 


Men shal of is owen galle 
Sbencheii hira at nede, 

* The bet the be, the bet the byse ;* 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Thah the wolde wel bycome 
For te make bouses roume, 

Thou most nede abyde. 
Ant in a lutel house uoue, 
For te thou fcle that thou mo we 

Wi thou ten evel pryde, 

* Under boske shal men weder abide ;* 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Holde ich no mon for un-sele, 
Otherwhyle thah he fele 

Sumtbyng that him smerte : 
For when mon is in treye aut tene, 
Theniie he ret h God ys bene 

That he byd myd herte. 
' When the bale is best, 
Tbenne is the bote nest ;* 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Drath thyn bond sone ajeyn, 
5ef men the doth a wycke theyn 

Ther thjTi abte is lend ; 
So that child witbdrawoth is bond. 
From the fur ant the brond, 

That hath byfore bue brend, 
' Brend child fur dredeth j' 

Quoth Hendyng, 

Such mon have icli lend my c!oth, 
That hath maked me ful wrothj 

Er hit come a3eyn. 
Ah he that me one serveth so, 
Ant he eft bidde mo. 

He shai me fynde un-fevn. 

* Selde Cometh lone lahynde home ;' 

Quoth jrfendyng. 

5ef thou trost to borewyng. 
The shal fayte mony thyng. 

Loth when the ware ; 
?ef thou have thin oune won, 
Tbenne is thy treye overgon. 


114 tlELiatJIiB ANTIQtJiS. 

Al wythoute care. 
' Owenys owen, and other mennes edneth;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

This worldes love ys a wrecche. 
Whose hit here me ne recche, 

Thah y speke heye ; 
For y se that on brother 
Lutel recche of that other, 

Be he out of ys ete. 
* Fer from e3e, fer from herte ;' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Thah uch mon byswyke me. 
That of my god maketh him ire 

For te gete word. 
Ant himself is the meste qued, 
That may breke eny bred 

At ys oune boord. 
' Of un-boht hude men kerveth brod thong;' 
Quoth Hendjmg. 

Moni mon seith, were he ryche, 
Ne shulde non be me y-lyche 

To be god ant fire ; 
For when he hath oht bygeten, 
Al the fredome is forjeten 

Ant leyd under kne. 
' He is fre of hors that ner nade non ; ' 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Moni mon mid a lutel ahte 
Jeveth is dohter an un-mahte, 

Ant lutel is the bettre ; 
Ant myhte withoute fere. 
Wis mon je he were, 

Wei hire have bysette. 
' Lytht chep luthere jeldes ;' 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Strong ys ahte for te gete. 

Ant wicke when me hit shal lete, 

Wys mon, takes thou jeme ; 
Al to dere is botht that ware. 
That ne may wythoute care 

Monnes herte queme. 
' Dere is botht the hony that is licked of the thome i* 
Quoth Hendyng. 


Mon, that munteth over flod, 
Whiles that the wynd vs wod 

Abyde fayre ant stille ; 
Abyd stille jef that thou may. 
Ant thou shalt have another day 

Weder after wille. 
' Wei abit that wel may tholye ;* 
[Quoth Hcndyng.] 

That y telle an evel lype^ 
Mon that doth him into shype 

Whil the weder is wod ; 
For be he come to the depe. 
He may wTynge bond ant wepe, 

Ant be of drery mod. 
' Ofte rap reweth ;* 

Quoth Hendyng, 

Mihte the Itither mon 

Don al the wonder that he con, 

AI the world for-ferde. 
He fareth so doth the luther grom, 
That men ever beteth on 

With one smerte ^erde. 
' Of alie mester men mest me hongeth theves ;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Wicke mon ant wHcke wyf. 
When hue ledelh wicke lyf, 

Ant buen in wicked synne ; 
Hue ne shule hit so wende, 
That hit ne shal atte ende 

Showe himself wy thy nne. 

* Ever out cometh evel sponne w^eb ;* 

Quoth Hendyng, 

Betere were a ryche man 
For te spouse a god womon, 

Thath hue be sum del pore, 
Then to brynge into his hous 
A proud queue ant daungerous, 

That is sum del hore. 

* Moni mon lor londe wyveth to shonde ;' 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Ne leve no mon child ne wyf, 
When he shal wende of this lyf, 
Ant drawe to the dethe : 


For mowe he the bones bydelve, 
Ant the ahte welde hem selve, 

Of thi soule huem ys ethe. 
' Frendles ys the dede ;' 

Quoth Hendyng. 

The glotoun ther he fynt god ale. 
He put so muche in ys male, 

Ne leteth he for non eye ; 
So longe he doth uch mon lytht. 
That he wendeth hom by nytht, 

Ant lyth ded by the weye. 
' Drynk eft lasse,antgobyfyhte hom;* 
Quoth Hendyng. 

Riche ant pore, ;onge ant olde, 
Whil le habbeth wyt at wolde, 

Secneth ore soule bote ; 
For when je weneth alrebest 
For te have ro ant rest. 

The ax ys at the rote. 
'Hope of longlyf 
Gyleth mony god wyf ;* 

Quoth Hendyng. 

Hend3aig seith soth of mony th5mg ; 
Jhesu Crist hevene kyng 

Us to blisse brynge ! 
For his swete mdder love. 
That sit in hevene us above, 

Jeve us god endynge ! Amen* 




From MS. Sloane, No. 1584, of the beginning of the sixteenth century, 
or latter part of the fifteenth, fol. 33, r*., written in Lincolnshire or Not- 
tinghamshire, perhaps, to judge by the mention of persons and places, in 
the neighbourhood of Grantham or Newark. 

Ante finem termini baculus portamusy 
Capud hustiarii fran^ere debemus ; 
Si preceptor nos petit quo debemus ire, 
Breviter respondemus, non est tibi scire. 
O pro nobilis docter, now we youe pray, 
Ut velitis concedere to gyff bus leff to play. 


Nunc proponimus ire, wilhowt any uey, 
Soolam dissolvere, I tell itt y^ue in fey. 
Sicut islud festum merth is tor to make, 
Accipimus nostram diem owr leve for to take. 
Post natal e festiun, full sor shall we qwake, 
Quum no8 reveniiims latens for to make- 
Ergo nos rogamus, hartly and liolle, 
Ut isto die possimus to brek upe the acole. 



In the hand-wriliiig^ of the late Mr. Douce ; kindly commtinicated bj 
Sir HBiiry EUifl, 

The printed copies of Petronius must be divided into three 
classes^ in order to prevent that confusion which would other- 
wise inevitably ensue. 

These are, 1, A fragment, first published at Venice, 1499, 

2, The feast of Trimalcbio, first printed at Pa- 

dua, from a MS* discovered at Trau in 

3, The entire work, printed from a supposed MS. 

said to have been discovered at Belgrade 
in 1688. AH the supplemental matter in 
this edition was midoubledly forged by 
BI, Nodol, who first printed it at Rotter- 
dam in 1693. 

No. 1, as appears from the title of it in the Dalmatian MS., 
is nothing more than Books XV. and XVI. of the original 
work, and there is even reason to suppose that it is only an 
abridgment of those, the title being ** fragmentum ex lib, XV. 

No. % This important MS. had been preserved a longtime 
at Trau in Dalmatia, in the family of the Cippii, w hose name 
is written on the first kmf. It is a folio, written on paper, and 
dated 30 Novem. 1423* It contains Tibullus, Propertius, and 
Catullus; a poem on Sappho and Phaon ; the fragment No* 1, 
agreeing with the printed copy, except that all the obscenities 
have been carefully expunged; thefeasi of Trinmlchwt begin* 
ing ** Venerat jam tertius dies;" *' Moreto. liber Virgilii 
puerij" and lastly, in a more modern hand, *' Claudiani car- 
men de Phoeiiice." 



Statilius first discovered the feast of Trimalcbio in this MS., 
and afterwards got possession of it. At the instance of many 
persons, and particularly of Pope Alexander VIL he published 
it at Padua in 1664, Being immediately reprinted at Paris, 
it was attacked by some violent and UTong-headed critics, 
among whom Wagenseil^ a young man of promising abilities, 
took the lead, boldly affirming that Statilius imrl fabricated the 
whole. In due time the editor put forth a ver)' masterly and 
satisfactory defence, which induced M, Valois, one of the ablest 
of the objectors, to change his opinion, as appears from the pre* 
face to his edition of 1677. 

On the death of Statilius, the MS. fell into the harjds of 'a 
Dalmatian, who thinking to make a large sum of money by it, 
went to Rome, but not succeeding in his attempt to dispose of 
it, and wanting to raise a supply, pawned it to Peter Paul 
Marianus. This person afterwards endeavoured to sell it to 
the Abbe Louvois for the King of France's Library, but ask- 
ing too large a sum, no bargain was concluded. On the death 
ofMarianus, father Montfaucon in 1703, by the assistance of 
a friend, bought it of his heirs for the French Library, hi a 
reasonable price. 

Independently of tlie internal evidence of this MS,, the cir- 
cumstance of the menfion of Trimalchio's feast in Johannes 
Sarisburiensis de Nue^i^ Curialium, a writer of the twelfth 
century, would be sufficiently decisive in its favour. I have 
traced upwards of twenty MSS. in different libraries (not one 
in England), but from tfie careless manner in which they are 
mentioned, it is impossible to know what part of Petronius's 
work they contain. The feast of Trimalchio, however, is not 
specifically mentioned in any other than the Dalmatian MS. 

On the whole, it appears that we are in possession but of a 
small part of Petrouius's work, and it is therefore exceedingly 
unfair to contend that what we Iiave is not the satire sent in 
the pacquet to Nero, as mentioned in Tacitus. Those who 
have done so must have conceived that Petronius remained 
entire, as poor Meibomius did. 

It is hardly worth while to say anytliing more about NodoFs 
forgery, the history of which is briefly this. In I6SS he pre- 
tended to have got information, by means of a German noble- 
man, that a Mons. Dupin, a person in the Emp, of Germany's 
service, had procured a MS» Petronius from a Greek renegado 
at Belgrade — that he therefore emplovod a merchant of 
Frankf>rt then residing at Belgrade, tn bribe Dupin*s secret ary 
to get a copy of tliis MS., stated to he upwards of a thousand 
years old. 



In ihis affair not a single party's name was mentioned, ex- 
cept Dupin*s, also a forgery, because when the work was pub- 
lished, he would naturally have made some stir in such an 
afiair. It is supposed that Nodol conceived the idea of this 
forgery from having read in Putin's Letters that some learned 
man had filled up Uie chfiisms in Pctronius, but suppressed the 
publication on account of the author*s lieentiousness. Who- 
ever examines Nodofs work will find it full of Gallicisms and 
Barbarisms; and indeed he must have been a bad Latin 
scholar, when he translated a passage of Solinus " bis sinistra 
manu praeliavit *' by " he fought twice with his left hand/' 


Fiom MS. Har* No. 2253. fol. 82, r«^ writtoD In themgn of Edw* II* 

Herkne to my ron, 

As ich ou telle con, 

Of elde al hou it gos» 
Of amody mon, 
Hihte Maxumon, 

Soth withoute Ics. 
Clerc he was ful god, 
So moni mon understod. 

Nou herkne hou it wes. 

Ys wille he hevede y-noh, 
Purpre and pal he droh, 

Ant other tnurthes mo. 
He vv^es the fey rest moii, 
With-outen Absalon, 

That sethlhe wes ant tho. 
Tho laste is lyf so longe, 
That he bigan unstronge, 

As mony tides so. 
Him con rewe sore 
Al is wilde lore, 

For elde him dude so wo ; 

So sone as elde him com 
Ys boc an honde he nom, 

Ant gan of reuihes rede. 
Of his herteord 
He made moni word, 

Ant of is lyves dede* 


He gan mene is mone ; 
So feble were is bone, 

Ys hew bigon to wede. 
So clene he was y-gon, 
That heu ne hade he none : 

Ys herte gan to blede. 

" Care and kunde of elde 
Maketh mi body felde, 

That y ne mai stonde upright ; 
Ant min herte unbolde, 
Ant mi body to colde, 

That er thou wes so lyhf. 
Ant mi body thunne, 
Such is worldes wunne, 

This day me thinketh nyht. 

Riche y was of londe, 
Ant mon of fayrest honde. 

That wes bote a stounde. 
Mi meyn that wes so strong, 
Mi middel smal ant long, 

Y-broht it is to grounde. 

For thi y gninte ant grone, 
When y go myn one, 

Ant thenke on childes dede. 
Al this wylde wone, 
Nis hit bote a lone. 

Her beth blisse gnede. 
To wepen ant to grone. 
To make muche mone. 

That we doth for nede. 
Ant under the stone. 
With fleish ant with bone, 

Wormes shule we fede. 

Ther v stod in a snowe, 
Wei ne3e upon a lowe, 

Y was a wilde mon ; 
Hunten herd y bio we, 
Hertes gonne rowe, 

Stunte me ne ston. 

Nou hit nis nout so ; 
Y lerne for te go, 

Ant stonde ant syke sore. 
My wele is went to wo. 
Ant so beth other mo. 


That ly ved habbeth jore. 
So litht as y wes tho, 
Ant wilde as eny ro, 

Er y bygon to hore ! 
Reuthful is my red, 
Ne shulde me be gled^ 

Me reweth swythe sore. 

With hunger y am feed ; 
Heo seith y spille breed, 

My wif that shulde be ; 
Myn herte is hevy so led ; 
Me were levere be ded. 

Then ly ves for te be. 
Hit is ful soth y-sed. 
The mon that haveth dred, 

His frendes wile him fle. 

Tho I was strong ant wis, 
Ant werede feir ant grys, 

Ich havede friendes tho ; 
Fol soth i-seid it ys. 
The mon that isof pris 

He haveth frendes mo. 
My myht no wyht nys ; 
Y-gon hit is y-wys, 

He huge me of wo. 
Men wyste non y-wis. 
That werede veyr ant grys, 

Y-thry ven ase y was tho ; 
That havede more of his, 
Nou hit so nout nys. 

Ah al hit is a-go. 

So gentil ne so chis, 
Ne mon of more pris, 

Ful wo nou me may be ; 
The world wrechede is. 
Ant that he wyten y-wis. 

My frendes nuUeth me se. 

Fair y was ant fre. 
Ant semly for te se ; 

That lasteth lutel stounde. 
Gladdere mon with gle. 
Ne mihte never be 

Thurh al Godes mounde. 


Elde unhende is he ; 
He chaungeth al my ble, 

Ant bu^eth me to giounde. 
When y snal henne te, 

Y not whider y fle, 

For thi y sike unbestounde. 

Y sike ant sorewe sore ; 
Ne may y be namore 

Mon as y was tho ; 
Ys hit no whith jore. 
That y bigon to hore : 

Elde is nou my fo. 

Y wake as water in wore, 
Jhesu Crist thin ore ! 

Why is me so wo ? 

Thicke y was ant riht, 
Of wordes wis ant lyht, 

As ich understonde; 
Of belte y wes briht, 
Ant lovelyche y-niiht, 

Ant fayrest mon of londe. 

When foules singeth on rys, 

Y mourne ant sorewe y-wis. 
That unnethe y go. 

This world wicked is, 
Ant that je wyten y*wys. 
Hit is by-falle so. 

Reuthful is my red; 
Hue maketh me selde gled, 
My wyf that shulde be ; 

Y dude as hue me bad, 
Of me hue is a-sad ; 

Evele mote hue the ! 
Hue clepeth me spille-bred ; 
Sorewe upon hyre hed, 

For hue nul me y-se. 
Ycham hevy so led; 
Betere me were ded, 

Then thus alyve to be. 

Ase ich rod thourh Rome, 
Richest aire home. 

With murthes as ycholde, 
Ledys wyht so swon. 


Maidnes shene so bon, 
Me come to bi-holde : 

Ant seyden on after on> 

** Jent ryd Maximon, 
With is burnes bolde." 

Nou nis non of the, 

That woUeth me y-se 
In mine clothes olde. 

This world is wok ant les ; 

Y nam noht as ych wes, 
Ych wot by myne chere ; 

For gent ich wes ant chys. 
Ant mon of muche prys. 
Ant leof to ben y-fere, 

Thcr nes clerc ne knyht^ 
Ne mon of more my lit, 

That levcre wes in londe. 
Y-stunt is al my syht ; 
This day me thunchctb nyht, 

Such is the world to fonde. 
Fair ich wes of he we, 
Ant of love trewe, 

That lasteth lutel stounde- 
They that me y-knewe, 
Hem may sore rcwe, 

Solh Hit is y-founde- 

Of nothing that y se 
Ne gladietb me no gle, 

Myn herte breketh a tuo; 
For ich wes on the, 
That woned wes glad to be 

In ionde that wes tho, 
Non icham hche a tre, 
That loren hath is ble, 

Ne groweth hit na mo. 
For thah icholde fle, 

Y not wyder te ; 

Elde me worcheth wo. 

Stunt is al mi plawe. 
That y was ivoned to drawe, 
Whil y wes so lyht. 

Y wolde y were in rest» 
Lowe leid in chest : 



My blisse is forloren. 
For mourne y make mest, 
The while that hit lest ; 

Nou wo is me therfore ! 
Ne gladieth me no gest, 
Ne murgeth me no fest, 

Alas, that y wes bore ! 

This lond me thuncheth west; 
Deth y doute mest, 

Whider that y shall te. 
Whet helpeth hit y-told ? 
Y waxe bio ant colde. 

Of lyve y wolde be. 

When blosmes breketh on brere, 
Murthes to me were. 

Ant blythe v was of mod. 
Care ant kunde y-fere 
Chaungeth al nu chere. 

Ant mengeth al my blod. 
To longe ichave ben here 
Bi mo then sixty jere, 

So y me understod ; 
Icholde that ych were 
Al so y never nere. 

My lyf is nothyng god. 

Myn neb that wes so bryht 
So eny sterre lyht, 

Fain is ant won ; 
My body that wes so wyht, 
Styf hit stod upryht, 

I wes a mody mon. 
My mayn ant eke mi myht, 
Stunt is al mi syht, 

Lerneth nou of thon : 
Nis non so kene knyht. 
That so he byth y-dyht, 

When elde hjon cometh on. 

Mi body that wes strong. 
Mi middel smal ant long, 

Y-broht hit is to grounde. 
Nou nabbe y nout that jong, 
That speche, ne that song. 

Mi lif nys bote a stounde. 


Thah y be men among, 
Y gladie for no song, 

Of haveke ne of hounde. 
My deth icholde fle. 
For icham on of the 

That dejeth boute wounde. 
Ne con y me no red ; 
Myn herte is hevi so led 

Ant wel faste y-bounde ; 
Ich wes of feyre leynthe ; 
A-gon is al my streynthe, 

In armes ant in honde. 

Er ich were thus old, 
Ich wes of speche bold, 

Ne recchi wo hit here , 
Nou icham old ant cold. 
Wet helpeth more y-told. 

Of lyve ycholde ich were. 

Gentil ich wes ant freo 
Wildore then the leo, 

Er y bygon to hore ; 
Nou y nam nout so ; 
My weole is tumd to wo. 

Ant hath y-be ful jore. 

Ant so bueth other mo. 
That ly veden nou ant tho, 

Ne reccheth of weole ne wo : 
Deth is that y munne. 
Me seggeth that hit is sunne, 

God brynge us out of tho. 

Amen, par charite ! 
Ant so mote hit be ! 


126 RBUaCtJl AMTIQitB. 


Taken fh>iii a MS. written on paper, in the library of Lincoln Cathedral, 
marked A. 1, ]7> and compiled by one Robert Thornton of the North Riding 
of .Yorkshire, probably between the years 1490-1440.— fol. 17C. 


A charme for ike tethe-werke. 

Say the charme thris, to it be sayd ix. tymes, and ay thris 
at a charemynge. 

I conjoure the, laythely beste, with that ilke spere, 
That Long]^ous in his hand gane here, 
And also with ane hatte of thorne, 
. That one mv Lordis hede was borne, 
With alle the wordis mare and lesse, 
With the Office of the Messe, 
With my Lorde and his xii. postilles, 
With oure Lady and her x. maydenys, 
Saynt Margrete, the haly quene, 
Saynt Katerin, the haly virgyne, 
ix. tymes Goddis forbott, thou wikkyde worme, 
Thet ever thou make any restynge, 
Bot awaye mot thou wende, 
To the erde and the stane ! 


Thre gude brother are 3e, 

Gud gatis gange 30, 

Haly thynges soke je ; 

He says, wille 30 telle me, 

He sais, blissede, Lorde, mot 30 be ; 

It may never getyne be, 

Lorde, bot 30ur willis be. 

Settis doune appone 30ur knee, 

Gretly athe suere 30 me, 

By Mary moder mylke so fre ; 

There es no man that ever base node, 

3e schalle hym charme, and aske no mede. 

And here salle I lere it the. 

As the Jewis wondide me, 

Thay wende to wonde me fra the grounde, 

I heiyd my selfe bathe hale and sounde. 

Ga to the cragge of Olyvete, 

Take oyle de bayes, that es so swete, 

And thris abowte this worme ae strayke,* 

This bethe the worme that schotte noghte. 



Ne kankire noghte, ne falowe noghte ; 

And als clere hale fia the gromide, 

Als Jhesu didc with his faire wondis 

The Fadir and the Soin? and th^' Haly Gastc%t 

And Goddis forbott, thou wikkyde worme, ^ 

That ever thou make any risynge4 

Bot a wave mote thou wende to I he erthe and the stane, 

A line seems to be waoting here. ^ A line appears to be lo6t bore* 
t In the MS. j over litis irord is irrltten or any sug^nm* 


From MS* No. 139 in the Library of Corpus Chri*ti College, Cambridge^ 
of the fourteen tb century. 

Invidia Judfeomm ; ira Britonum : perfidia Persarum ; 
spurcitia Sclavorum; fallacia Gro^coruni ; rapacitas Roraa- 
norum; astutia ^giptiorum ; prudentia Hehra^orum ; sa»vitia 
Saracenorum ; stabihtas Pcrsanim ; solertia ^gyptionim; 
leviti^ Caldaeorum; sapientia Grccconim ; varietas Affronira ; 
gra vitas Romanorum; gula Gallorum; largitas Longolmrdo* 
mm; vana gloria Longobardorum ; sobrietas Gottorum ; cm- 
dehias HtiTioruni ; sagacitas Calda^oniin ; iiimiinditia Sabi- 
nomm ; ingenium Affricomm; fc rod tas Fran cor urn ; finnitas 
Gallorum ; stullitia Saxonum ; fortitudo Franconiin; hebetu- 
do Bavariorum ; instantia Saxonum ; luxuria Vascanorum ; 
agilitas Walcarorum ; vinolentia Hispaniarum ; magnaiiimi- 
tas Pictomm; duritia Pictoruin; hospitalitas Britonum ; 
argutia Hispaniamm; libido Suevoruui; duritia et superbia 



From MS. Sloane, No. 3534, fol. 3, v*. apparently of the latter part of lb« 
aaeentb century, or perhaps of the be^nnlng of the sixteenth (at latest J 

Hoc mens ipsastupet, quod non sua ratio cernet, 
Quomodo virgo pia genetrix sit sancta Maria, 
Ac Deus almus homo ; sed credat ratio rairo ; 
Nainque fides supcrest, cum perfida ratio subsit. 

Witte hath wondir that resoun ne telle kaii| 
How maidene is modir and (Sod is man ; 
Leve thy resoun, and bileve in the wondir : 
For feith is aboven, and reson is undir. 




Of tbe begiDtiiDgf of the iMrleeiitlx GeQtury, Jrom MS.TtIb. CoU. Cambrid^» 

B. U, 52. 

Maria virgo asmmpta est ad ethereum ihalamvm. On of 
]?e holie writes |7e ben red herinne to dai bringen us blisfulle 
(i^inges, of an edie nieiden, j^e was i-feren b is p used ];e beven- 
liche kinge, ^ seid f he bes fette hom, Luste'5 nu wich 
maiden f is, j bwat he hatte, ^ hware he was fet, 3 hwo hire 
ledde, ^ wu, 7 h wider, ^ cunnen gif we mugen cumen after, 
for |?an j?e we ben aUe boden Jnden Of this maiden specS pe 
holie boc, 3 seiS : Hec est isirgo virginumt regina celorum, 
domina angelormn^ maier et Jilia regis regum omnium, ]>is 
maiden bar lire loverd Jhe^iU Crist, ure aire fader, of hire holie 
lichame, 7 nis hire maidhod J^erefore noht awemmed. Hie is 
J?e hevenliches kinges dohter, j ec his moder, ^ aire maideoo 
maide, ^ hevene quen, j englene lafdi. Hire is to name 
Maria, ^uod est interpretatum stella marisj J?at is on Englis sa?- 
sterre, J>an he sa-farinde men se^ |>e sa-sterre, bie wuten sone 
wiiderward liie sullen wei holden, for f J?e storres hht is hem 
god tac^en. Afumlm mari comparalnlur, quia fi actus erigii^ 
naves obruit : ita mundys ejffluit, dum opes conferl ; rejfuit^ 
dum aufertj turbine j i. ullione divina vel frmtde diabolica, fur-^ 
balnr ; diwordi/irum vwtiis concifat, cedes i arum pacem per* 
iurbat, |jis woreld is cleped S!3e> |;e flowed 7 ebbe'S swo doS ec 
]?is woreld; flowed banne he woreld wurnio (?) gieveS,^ ebbe'5 
jianne hie hit eft DinimeS. Stormes falleJS in |je see, j (jo 
worpeS hit; ^ godes wrake cume^ on }?is woreld to wrekende 
on sunfulle men here gultes, *j for |wnonrihwise men J?en hem 
neigh wunieo, -] binimeb hem hwxle oref, hwile o^er aihte, ■} 
hwile here he!e, j hwile here ogen lif, ^ hwile latte devel hem 
on fele wise, ^ haremefi hem, 7 shendeb, ■) weccheS among 
hem fbte,*] win, ■] fordraueJ^ soS luve,*] stmie5 rihte bile%"e. And 
alse l?e sa-storre shat of hire |je liht, j;e bhteS sa-farinde men, 
alsc J>is edie maiden, scinte Marie, of hire hobe licame shede S ^ 
snSe liht, be lihteS alle brihte );inges on eorSe j ec on hevene, 
alsc S* Jonannes saiS on his godspel : Erat lux vera que 
i,oJiMAJi,m. He is $ soSie lihl, ]je lihtc^ alle men, )je on bis 
woreld cumeS, -] alcomed ben : and for \is leome is j? Iiolie 
maiden cleped sa-sterre. Hie was fet of weste wunienge, |>ar he 
ftmden was, s, in leira desertaj in loco fiofToris el vaste soliiu- 
dims, pat is to seien, on weste londe, ^ on grisUche stede, 
Weste is cleped f londe f is longe til"Se atleien, "] wildernesse 
ges jjare manie rotes onne wacsed, J>is woreldes biwest is 
efned to wastene, fur J? he lat is ferren atleien holie tilSe. 
Hinc €X quo veferes emigravere colonic avre selSiSen the ealdi> 



tilie henne wenden, J>e Iiwiie pe hie here waren> he wetiden 
pe eorSe, -} wurpen god sad ^vlt oime, ^ hit wacxs, ^ wcl j>oagli, 
-] brahte forS blostmes fele -} emnie. Ac seJSen hie lienen 
wenden, atlai f loud unwend,/j bicam waste, -} was roted over 
al, ^ swo bicam wildemes&e, Nu wunieS )^ar inne fueles, -} 
wilde deor, -} wurmes. J)is kmd |ie ich nu of speke, is f 
meniiisse ye nu HveS ; )>e old tilien waren |>e holie lorSewes, 
prophetes, apoi^des, popes, archt-bissopes, bissopes^ prestes, 
pe holie lif ladden, pe tilien wenden ]?i8 lond f up f was ar 
dun, |»anne hie raid here wise word turoeden mannes berte 
fram eorSelicLe )?ankis to hevenUche }?anke, fram unrihte to 
rihte, fram hordom to clennesse, from alle ivele lustes to hiven 
God *] heren him^ and after f sewen on fh lond Godes word 
for scde, ^ hit morede on here heorte, -j weacs, j wel |?eagh. 
Jianne -p folc Godes word gierneliche listed, ^ fastliche hiek!, j 
ler aXter here lif ladden. Ac nuis^ lond tilSe atk^in, -^ i-furen 
was, for po hit sholden tilien, J?o ^e lorSewes of holie chireche^ 
pe sewen gerneluker ]?e defies sed, |>an ure loverdes Jhesu Crist, 
3 mid forbisne of here fule liflode beden men to helJe -} naht to 
hevene. Godes sod is Godes word, ]ie men tilien in chireche 
on salmes, ] on songes, -) on redinges, ^ lorspeUes, ^ on holde- 
bedes ye lerde men selde, ^ geinelesliche sowen we defies sed 
[|?et] is idel, -} unnet, -^ ivele %vord, hoker, -j scorn, spel, 7 lee's, 
•} cheast, 3 tvvispeche, -] curs, ^ leasinges, j ^^are, -} alle 
swikele speches, *] oSre. Fele lerdemen speken alse h^wede, 
alse ure drihten seide ]>urh anesJ prophetes mu^e : Erii sicui 
popiilus sacerdos, prest sal leden his Uf alse lewed man. 7 
8W0 hie doJS nuSe, ^ sumdel uerse ; for |je lewede man wur5e€ 
his spuse mid clones more J>aii mid him selven ; 7 prest naht 
sis {sic) chireche J>e is his spuse, ac hts daie ye is his liore, 
awlene^ hire mid cloSes, more )>an him selven. be chire 
cloSes ben to-brokene 7 ealde, 7 hise wives ehule ben hole 
■} newe; his alter clo'5 great *j sole, 7 hire chemise smal 
7 hwit ; 7 te albe sol, 7 hire smf>c hwit ; ye have?i line spard, 
7 hire winpel wit, o^er maked geleu mid saffran ; "pe mesha- 
kele of medeme fustain, 7 hire mentcl grene oSer burnet ; |>e 
corporeals sole 7 uiishapliche, hire hand-clo"Ses 7 hire bord- 
clo'Ses makede wite j lustliche on to siene ; ye caliz of tin, 7 
hire najLof mazcre 7 riog of golde. And is ye prest swo 
muchele forcu^ere |>ane ye lewede, swo he wur^elS his hore 
more yen his spuse. Prestos ben J;o |?e apostel of specS, |ni3 
quebende: Quorum Dens venter est ; here wombe is here 
Crist; 3 alle ivele forbisne hie ippen of hem selven, 3 te lewede 
men hem gienieliche foligen, 7 telS forS gores after wilde deore, 
8ume after beore, sume after waive, same after o^^er deor ; 
and alse yc fugeles fram stede to oSer, ■] ne ben nafre stede- 

130 ANTIQUjS. 

fastei swo do5 |>is mannisse Rieh fram ivele to werse, on speche 

^ on dede, ^ bringeft on here lieorte orogel, "j wraSe, *^ onde» -j 
hatinge, ^ o^qt ivele lustes. AJse wuremes bredcn on wilderne, 
f is |?is woreld, pis grisliche stede on to wunien, for here is 
nunger, ^ )>urst, elde, unhale, flit, ■) win, ece, j smertinge, 
sorinesse, werinesse, 3 o^re wo we muchel. Of swilch raai 
g^isen men |?e ani god cunnen» Eft sone on bis biwiste is 
muchel weste of holie mihte ; al rilit is leid, -} wogh arered, alse 
pe wise que^ : Nusquum tula fides , non hospes ab hospite tulits; 
nis nower non trew^e, for nis the gist siker of ]?e husebonde, ne 
no^er of oSer; non socef a nurOf ne \e aldefader of lit oSem; 
fratrumque gratia rara est, selde leveS }>e broker f o5cr; 
filius ante diem patrinos inquirit annos, |?e sune wussheS be 
fader dea^, ar his dai cume j imminet exitio vir conjugis, ilia j^ 
mariti, wif wolde ^ hire loverd dead ware, ^ he ^ hie ware. 
Of |)esse waste ■} grisliche stede was )?is holi maide fet, |?e 
ich of speke, f is ure lafdi seinte Marie; ^ hire fette )?e 
hevenliche king, alse J?e prophete seilS on his stefne: Tenuisti 
manum dexieram mearn, etc^ |?u helde mi rihthond, ^ leddest 
me on |jine wille, ^ understode me mid wurdshipe. Ter ascen- 
dii; /Jnmo quidem passibus corporis ante templum ab imo 
qmndecim graduum, usque ad summum; secundo in templo 
passtbns mentis de virtute in virtutem, vhi videtur Dens deo^ 
mm in Syon; tercio corpora et anima assumpfa in celum* 
])reo siSes stech ]ns holie maiden; erest Jichamlicne, |^ hie was 
|»reo gier heold, uiforen fe temple on I?esterre of fiftene stoples, 
fro nej?ewarde to uvcward, wi^ute mannes helpe; oSer si^es 
tiie stehg in j>e temple gostliche, fram mighte to mihte, forte 
f hie aire mintene loverd biheold, alse liiehit wolde; fjejyridde 
si'Se, hie stehg Jns dai bo engles hire beren mid soule ^ mid 
Hchame into |?an hevenliche bure, |mr heo was wnr^Sliche yn- 
dert^tonden. ^ Salomon J?e wise pe wes fele hundred wintre 
)>er bifore king in Jerusalem sehg |?e3e wunderliche strenge, 
ab suterliche alse he }jis dai were, j wundrede |?er offei ^ 
seide : Que est ista que ascendit sicut aurora consurgensj pulcra 
ut luna, electa ut soil hwat is ]>is be astihgS alse dai rieme, 
fair alse monc, i-coren alsesunne? Ure lafdi S. M., alse wis- 
liche alse hie ))is dai was ho%'en into hevene, here ure arendc 
to ure loverd Jhesu Crist, f he gife us cche blisse in hevene, 
Q, ipse, p. d. qui v, el r* per o. s. s. Amen, 

II Dominica tertia* 

Nox precessit , dies aufem appropinquabit. Hure heiest lortSen 
after ure loverd Jhesu Crist, this is ure loverd sainte Powel, 
muncgeS us torihtlechen ur liflode,^ wisse^ us on wilche wise 
"J seiS ^ we haven riht jjarto,"] seiS Uwu, Jjus que"8eiide: iVbx 



precessit, dies aiUem, etc.; the niht is forS gon, -} dai neihleche-5. 
3 for )?i hit is riht f we forleten ^ forsaken nihtliche deden, |>o 
ben J»e werkes of |?iesternesse, ^ scruden us mid wapnen of 
Uhte, f be^ so-JSfeste bileve, ^ of brihtnesse, swo f we gon a dai 
bicumeliche ; Non in commessationilms ei ebrietatibus, iwn in 
cub* ei in pud*, nan in contentione et emulatione, sed in horum 
apponHs ; and noh on derke wedej*. Ac her we seien eow of 
^fese derke wedes, wat pe holie apostle meneS, )?a he nemnede 
niht ^ niehtes dede, -\ dai leochtes wapne. A^ox oi-cipihtr multis 
modis, sed hie pro inJideUiate, Kiht bitocneS her unbileuve, 
^ is aiware aleid* ■] rihte leve arered gode ^onc, j na-^eles get 
IS sume )?arfore of unbileve i-fild on one stetle, 7 swo faste bun- 
den, 7 swo biwunde |jarinne, -p no prest ne no bissop ne mai 
him chaslien, ne mid forbode, ne mid scrifa>, ne mid cursinge ; 
3 ^ is li^er custume f man IcveS get^ 1 *p is after clepenge, 7 
ascinge, 3 uncunne, *] warienge, "j handselne, *] time, 3 hwate, 
*j fele swilche develes craft es. 7 f wrechc man ^ swilche ]?ing 
liim mai letten, of -p be God him haveb munt, ac alle fo j^e 
leve^ f swilch ping hem mugefurSrie o'Ser letten^ ben cursed 
of Godes rau^e, J^e bus saiS on the holie boc : 3faledicins homo 
qui confidit in homine, cursed be be man |>e levetb upon hwate, 
Ac ich wiie segen, undernimeS hit hwat make^ swilch letten. 
We radeS on boc f elch man haveS to fere on engel of hevene 
on his riht half, f him wisseS j munege^ evre to don god, 
3 on his liftehalf an wereged gost, f him avre tacheS to ufele, 
"] ^ is |>e deveL He makeS |>e unbilefulle man to leven 
swilche wjgeies, swo ich ar embe spac, 7 |>are mide be him bi- 
cherS, ^ bininie*?S him hevene wele, 3 bringeB him on he lie 
wowe. Crist us j^ar wiS silde, ^ healde us rihte bileve, 3 elch 
man J»e hit haveS, ^ geve hine j^o ]je hit naveS nochL pe 
were of ]?esternesse, f ben alle bevie sennen, ■} swilche ohve 
so )je apostle her nemde, alse ben over-ete«i, ^ untimeliche 
eten, at huse, ^ at ferme, 3 at feste, 7 ma^thwat at ilche labeS 
metisupe, for |>ar man ne can hi^ muSes meJSe, ne cunnen nele, 
ne his wombe met, 3 |>eih he cunne of mete, he nele cunne of 
drinke, er he be swo i-veid f he falle defle to honde. j?e Jjridde 
is f man sit an even at drinke, -j llgge longe a moregen, 7 
slapliche ariseS, 7 late to chireche goS, ])at feorSe is unrihte 
luve, f is hordom, 7 mid-liggunge j^e men drigen bitwenen 
hero, l>ute gef he ben lageliche bispusede, f is unriht 7 unti- 
meliche ■] mid nnselbe ; for hordom ne have 5 non time ne 
scute, ac is defies hersumnesse ; ve for^e gef man haveiS to 
done mid his rihte spu>:e on unsele, oSer an untime |)an man 
faste sal o^er halgen, he sinege5 gretliche ; for }^e holie boc 
hit forbet. }>at fifte is chest, 7 chep, 7 twifold speche, 7 itch 
flitting of worde, Jjat sixte is f man egge8 his negebure to 



o?er to speken him harm, o'Ser same, *] haveS nr8 elch wiiS 

O'Ser, 3 makeS him to forlese his aihte, oiSer of his rihte. pese 

ben Jie six werkes of |?esternesse, ye |»e holie apostle forbel 

so swilSe ; for elch man |>e hem do5^ bute he hem forlete, ") 

bete ar his ende dai, he sal forlesen eche liht ^ blisse *j lif, -J 

haven an he lie eche pine ^ ]?esternesse mid deflen. Crist us 

|>are wih silde, gef is mile be I J?e dai |^e pe apostle of spec^ 

IS \ire rihte bileve, ^ is ure sowle liht. ]>e wapnes of his lihte 

ben six werkes ot brihtne^e, pe batten ]7us : iemperantia, 

modica potiOf siremtita^, continentia, per inviceTn oralio, invi" 

cem dilectio. j>et formeste is rihte medeme mel ; |>e man |>e 

hit meSe^ riht, |7e sune5 alu'^ gistnige, *} idel wil, *] haveS 

riht mel-tid, j nntteS truneliche metes» q gemeS liLs mu^es 

meSe, -j of his wombc mete, ]>at o-JSer is emliche drinke, 

naht for te quenchen his lu'Sere wil, ne his lust, }je miswune 

haveS on hroht, ac for to bet en his burst es nede. |?e ISridde is 

f man he waker, ^ liht, ^ snel, ^ seli, -] erliche rise, j genliche 

seclie chireche. hat feorJSe 1!=?, f man pe spuse haveS, his 

golliche Jeden wi &-teo, swo hit be untime, ^ |»o ^e hefi unbis- 

pused forleten mid alle, }?at fifte is, f elch man for o^er 

bidde, aLse for him selven, ])at sixte is, f elch maji luvie o^er 

al swo alse him selven, ^ih he swo swi^e ne tunge. Ista sex 

f^p^ra diamtttr et testes ei arma ; ve$tes quia jios omunt apud 

Deum et homines; ar7na,qma muniwit apttd hastes. Jjese six 

werkes of brictnesse ben cleped bhtes scrud, for ^ hiesru^e^ 

'} huihteS to*genes Gode ^ to-gcnes manne ekh |jc hie do'5 ; 

J ec he ben nemncd lichtes ^vmpne, for elch man pc hie doS 

were'S him selvcn ]>ar mide wi^ man-kinnes unwinc* Jje 

laverd sainte Poul, |je us lareS ]?us, ^ munege^ us to forleten 

])e six werkes of |>esternesse be bilige to nihte, *] to done be 

six tlede, pe ich later nemnede, ]>e bilige to brihlnesse, ne 

|?ingie us to |>e holie fader of hevene, f he geve us mihte ^ 

strengiie to forletene j^esternesse, 3 to folgie brictnesse. Qui 

vivit et regnait etc. 





The following Tcry curious cotDposltion is taken from a collefltiou of 
Engtbli and Anglo-Norman poem* written in the reign of Edwartl I,, and 
preserved in MS. Digby 86, Bodleian Library, 4to. Tellum, fol. Iflg. 

Les noma de un levre en Bngleis, 

The mon that the hare i-met, 
Ne shal him nevere be the bet. 
Bote if he lei doun on londe 
That he bereth in his houde. 
Be hit staf, be hit bouwe. 
And blesce him with his helbowe; 
And mid wel goed devosioun 
He shal saien on oreisouo 
In the worshipe of the hare, 
Thenne mai he wel fare. 

The hare, the scotart, 
The bigge, the bouchart. 
The scotewine, the skikart, 
The turpin, the tirart, 
The wei*betere, the ballart. 
The go-bi-dich, the soillart, 
The wimount, the babbart, 
The stele-awai, the momelart, 
The evele i-met, the babbart. 
The scot, the deubert. 
The gras-biterc, the goihert, 
The late-at-hom, the swikebert. 
The frendlese, the wodecat. 
The brodlokere, the broinkat, 
The purbbnde, the fursecat^ 
The butiog, the westlokcre. 
The waldenlie, the sid-lokere, 
And eke the roiilekere ; 
The stobhert, the long-here. 
The strau der^ the lekere, 
The wilde der, the lepere, 
The shorte der, the lerkere. 
The wint-swifft, the scnikere, 
The hare*serd, the heg-roukere, 
The deudinge, the deu-hoppere, 
The sittere, the gras-hoppere, 
The fitelfot, the foldsittere. 



The li^tt-fot, the fernsitterej 

The cawel-hert, the worttroppere, 

The go-bi-grounde, the sittest-ille. 

The pintail, the toure-hohuUe ; 

The coue-arise, 

The make-agrise, 

The wite-wombe. 

The go-mit-lombe. 

The choumbe, the chauart^ 

The chiche, the couart, 

The make-fare, the breke-forewart, 

The fiiattart, the pollart, 

His hei nome is srewart ; 

The hert with the letherene homes, 

The der tha %voneth in the comes, 

The der that alle men scornes, 

The der that nuinon ne dar nemnen. 

When thou havest al this i-said, 

Thenne is the hare mi^tte alaid ; 

Thenne mijtt thou wenden forth, 

Est and west, and south and north, 

Wedrewardes so mon wile, 

The man that con ani skile. 

Have nou godne dai, sire hare, 

God the lete so wel fare. 

That thou come to me ded, 

Other in ciue other in hred ! Amen ! 



From MS. Falrlluci No. Si, in the Bodleian Library, vellum, 4U>., written 

about A. D. 1300. 

(FoL 19.) Co est la pleinte par etiire mis sire Henry <&] 
Lam, Counte de Nvckole, ^ sire IVauter de Bybelesworthe, pur 
la Croiserie en la Terre Seinte, 

Ceo cmnence le Connie, 
Sire Gauter, dire vus voil 
Un mien bosoing, dont tmp m'eo deol, 
8t si me loez a choisir ; 
Jeo aim oncore, cum faire soil, 
Cele au cler vys, au ryaunt oil, 


Dont ja nc mi quer departir. 
Ore sui croisee, par Deu servirp 
& SI utre mer vois pur lui guerpir, 
Sanz recoverir perc son akoil, 
& si demuFj bien pus sentir, 
Fors lui me deyvenl tuz hair, 
Car de tuz honurs mi despoil. 

Respofii sire Gauter- 

Beau sire quens, ieo truis en un foil, 
Qe amur ressemble au chevrefoiJ, 
Qe en destreignaunt fait selchir 
Le plus bei arbre de un haul broil, 
& pus ausi cum en somoil, 
Sanx porter fruit le fait murrir, 
Mais qi voudra I'arbre garir, 
& faire le ben revenir, 
Les cordes coupe pres du soil ; 
Lors purront les braunches flurir^ 
& U fust a grant ben venir ; 
Ensi le ferez, a mon voil. 

Item yuens Henry, 
Hay ! sire Gauter, de ci qe a Vernoi!, 
N'a dame de si bel akoil, 
Cum est cele qe tant desir ; 
& pur ceo me lerment mi oil, 
& pri ii Deu, a mi genoil, 
Qe ja n'en puissoms departyr. 
Meuz voil a sa douczour partyr, 
Qe de estre aire mer martyr ; 
Car de lui tuit mi bien akoil. 
Ore en face Deu son pleisir, 
Car jeo ne ai talent ne loisir, 
Qe vers Damasse passe mon soil. 

Responi sire Gauter^ 

Sire quens, ausi cum im remoil, 
Pur vus mon vys des lermes raoil, 
De ceo qe ensi vas vei perir ; 
Vostre amur vcine mult desvoil^ 
Car ausi cum li cerfe en soil, 
En fol espoir vus vei gisyr, 
Quant vus latssez a desservir 
La joye, qe ne peut faillir. 
Pur un fou delyt plein d'orgoiL 




Tost vus deveroieot luaubaillir, 
Li maaf6e a lur assaillir, 
Cai'tle verre est vostre garoil. 

Quern Henry, 

Alez, Gauter, qe Deu vus meint. 
La ou son Filz murrust & meint, 
Qe jeo ne mi pus oncore aler ; 
Car un desir c\ me purceint, 
Qe pur estre ta un cors saint, 
Jeo ne m*i voudroie trover. 
II rae covient ci demurrer, 
Pur ma douce amie honourer, 
Par force d'amour qe tut veint ; 
Car jeo ne purroie endiirer, 
De veir ses boaus oilz plorer. 
Fur assez meins demurroit meint. 

R, sire Gauter* 

Sire quens, mult avez le quer feint. 

Quant un fou regard vus destreint, 

Tant qe voillez celui laisser 

Qui fust de un glayve au qucr enpeinf , 

&L de cler saunc son beau cors teinij 

Pur vus du fa d'enfern getter. 

Mult melz le deveriez vus amer> 

Qe cele qe vus veut mener 

Au fu d'enfern qe ja ne esteint; 

Mais qi se veut ben purpenser^ 

Gil qi de gr^ se veut noier, 

N'en doit par raisoun estre pleint, &c, 



From a MS. in the Library of Jesua College, Cambridge, Q, 
fifteenth eentuiy, od venum. 

De Sepiem peecatU Morialibus* 


Who thai wylle abyde in helle. 
He most do as me hym telle. 
I bost and brag ay with the best ; 
To mayntene syn I am full prest ; 
Myn awn wylle I wylle have ay, 
Thof God and gode men alle bid nay. 

, 3| ortbe 



I am full sory in my hert 
Off other mens welefare and whert; 
I ban and bakbyte wykkedly. 
And hynder alle that I may sikerly. 


I chide and feght and manas fast; 
All my fomen I wylle dounkast; 
Mercy on thaym I wylle none have, 
Bot vengeance take, so God me save ! 


I yrk fuUe sore with Goddes servyse ; 
Godenes wyrk I wyll on no wyse ; 
Idelnes and slepe I luf ay best. 
For in thaym I fynde most rest. 


I covet ay, and wyles oft cast. 
How that I may be riche in hast ; 
Full fast I hald alle that I wynne, 
Alle if my part be left thereinne. 


I luf my wombe over alle thynge ; 
Hvm most to plese is my likynge ; 
I have no rest nyght nor day. 
To he be served alle to his pay. 


I luf foulle lust and lichory , 
Fornication and adowtry ; 
For sjrnftdle lust I wylle not fle. 
If I tor it in helle ay be. 

S. Charles, Trin. Col Cani. 



From a MS. in the Public lAhnrf of the Univenlty of Camhridce, Ee. ▼!. 
89, written about the year 1400. 

Esto memor mortis, jam porta fit omnibus ortis, 

Ssepe sibi juvenes acapit ante senes. 
Syth alle that in thys worlde hath been, 

in rerum natura. 
Or in thys wyde worlde was seen 

m humana cura, 
Alle schalle passe withouten ween 

via mortis dura; 
God graunte that mannys soule be cleen, 

paenas non passura ! 
Whan thou lefte wevys, 

veniet mors te superare ; 
Thus thy grave grevys, 

ergo mortis memorare. 

Unde vir extoUeris ? 
Thow schalte be wormes mete ; 

qui quamdiu vixeris 
Thy svnnys wolde thou not lete. 

Quamvis dives fueris, 
And of power grete, 

cum morte percuteris, 
Helpe may thow noon gete. 

Si dives fias, 
Do thyself gode man wyth thy handis ; 

post necis ergo vias, 
Ful fewe wole lose the of thy bandis. 
Thys au3t wele to fel thy pryde, 

quod es moriturus ; 
Thow knowest nether tyme ne tyde 

qua es decessurus. 
Wormes schalle ete the bakke and syde, 

inde sis securus ; 
As thou hast wroujt in thys worlde wyde, 

sic es recepturus. 
Thus dethe the ledeth 

iensd timulo* quasi nudum ; 
Dethe no man dredyth ; 

mors terminat hiccine ludum. 

Nam nulli vult parcere 
Dethe that ys yndere, 

pro argenti munere, 

* Sic MS. apparently for tumuto: 



Ne for noon fayre prayere ; 
sed dum rapit propere* 
He chaiinges eclie mannys chere, 

in peccati scelere 
Yif he be fownden here. 

Sic cum dampnatis 
Helle to thy mede thou wynnes, 
That never blynnes 

pro peccatis sceleratis* 
Whan y thenk upon my dede, 

tunc sum contristatus, 
And wexe as hevy as any lede 

meos ob reatus, 
Dede torneth into wrecchidhede 

viros magni ae talis ; 
Than may nothynge stonde in stede 

Miindi dominatis. 
Wyth full bare bonys, 

mundi rebus cariturus, 
Thus from thys wonys 

transit nunquam rediturus* 

Caro, vermis ferculum, 
Thenk on the pynes of helle ; 

mors habet spLculum 
That smyteth man fuOe felle ; 

le ponet ad timulum 
Tyl domesday to dwelle ; 

hoc relinquis s^culum, 
There nys not ellis to telle. 

Mors cito cuncta rapit, 
Therfor man thynk on thy werkys ; 
Thus sey thees clerkys, 

mors cito cuncta rapit. 
God that deydest on the tree 

pro nostra salute. 
And arose after dayes three 

divina virtute, 
Yif us grace synne to flee, 

stante juYen[tu]te, 
On domysday that we may see 

vultum tuum tutef 
Delful dethe^ drede y the, 

veniet quia nescio quando ; 
Be redy therefor y warne the, 

De te peccata fugando. 




From MS. Harl. No. 918^ M. \0, t*. of the beginning of the fourteenth 
century. The MS. was written in Ireland, apparently by a Monk of Kildare. 
See for an account of it, Mr. Crofton CrolLer's Popular Somg$ qf Ireland^ 
p. 277. 

Quondam fuit factus festus, 
Et vocatus ad commestus 
Abbas, prior de Glowcestrus, 

cum totus famUia. 
Abbas ire sede sursum^ 
Et prions juxta ipsum ; 
Ego semper stavi dorsum, 

inter rascalilia. 

Vinum venit sanguinatis 
Ad prioris et abbatis ; 
Nichil nobis paupertatis^ 

sed ad dives omnia. 
Abbas bibit ad prioris : 
Date vinum ad majoris, 
Possit esse de minoris, 

si se habet gratia. 

Non est bonum sic potare, 
Et conventus nichil dare; 
Quia volunt nos clamare 

durum in capitula. 

Surge, cito recedamus; 
Hostes nostros relinquamus, 
Et currino jam precamus, 

ibimus in claustria. 
Post completum redeamus, 
Et currinum combibamus, 
Atque simul conlstamus 

in talis convivia. 
Estne aliquid in currino ? 
Immo certe plenum vino. 
Ego tibi nimc propino 

de bona concordia. 
Dixit abbas ad prioris, 
" Tu es homo boni moris. 
Quia semper sanioris 

michi das consilia." 



Post completum rediere, 
Et currinum combibere, 
Polaveruiit usque flere 

propter potus plurima. 

Prior dixit ad abbatis, 

'* Ipsi habent vitium satis; 

Vultis dare paupertatis 

noster potus omnia ! 

Quid iios spectat paupertatis ; 
Habet parum, habet satis, 
Postquam venit non vocatis, 

ad noster convivia. 
Si nutrituin esset bene* 
Nee ad cibus nee ad csene 
Venisset pro marcis denee, 

nisi per precaria/* 

Habet tantum de hie potus, 
Quod conveotus bibit totus, 
Et cognatus et ignotus, 

de Begris servisia. 

Abbas vomit et priori s ; 
Vomis cadit super floris ; 
Ego pauper steti foris, 

et non sum Icetitia. 

Rumor venit ad antistis. 
Quod abbatis fecit istis ; 
Totum monstrat ad ministris, 

Qood focit convivia. 

** Hoc est meum consulatis, 
Quod utruraque deponatis, 
lit prioris et abbatis, 

ad sua piloria. 

Per hoc erit castigatis, 
Omois noster subjugatis. 
Prior, clerus, at abbatis, 

ne plus jKJtcnt nimia." 

** Absit !" dicit alter clerus, 
'* Quia bibit parum merus,- 
Quod punitur tani severus 

per noster consortia* 

Esset enim hsec riotus, 

Quod pro stultus horum potus, 

Sustineret clerus totus 

pudor et scandalia. 


Yolunt omnes quidem jura. 
Quod per meum forfectura 
Alter nullus fert laesura, 

sed pro sua vitia ; 

Sed sic instat in privatis, 
Bis sex maroas det abbatis, 
Prior denis, et est satis, 

ut non sit infamia. 

Placet hoc ad nos antistis. 
Dent ad prssens nummos istis, 
Sed si potanty ut audistis, 

numquam habet supera/' 

Dixit abbas ad prioris, 
" Date michi de liquoris, 
Status erit melioris, 

si h[ab]ebit gratia." 

Dixit prior ad abbatis, 
" Habes modo bibe satis, 
Non est bonum ebriatis, 

ire post in claustria.*' 

Unus. . . .de majorum, 
Bonus lector et cantorum, 
Irascatus ad priorum 

dixit ista folia : 

" Prior, vos non intendatis. 
Quantum sumus laboratis. 
In cantare et legatis, 

per ista festalia. 

O abbatis et priore, 
Nichil datis de liquore ; 
Non est vobis de pudore ] 

tu es avaritia. 

Vos nee nobis nichil datis, 
Nee abbatem parvitatis, 
Facit nosier sociatis 

sua curialia. 

Qui Stat, videt ne cadatis, 
Multos enim. de prselatis 
Sunt deorsum deponatis 

propter avaritia. 

Propter cordis strictitatis. 
Sunt superbi descendatis, 
Et sic propter parvitatis 

perdere magnalia. 


Rogo Deus majestatiSi 

Qui nos fecit el creatis, 
Ut hoc vinum quod bibatis 

possit vos strangiilia," 

Ad hoc verbam prior cursus^ 
Furabatur sicut ursus, 
Unam viccm atque rursus 

moinardavit labia. 

Tandem dixit ad . . , . . , 
" . . , , vilis, garcione. 
Quondam discus do pulmone 
fuit tibi gaudia. 

Nunc tu es canonizatus^ 
Et de nichil elevatiis, 
Sicut regem via pascatus, 

et in major copia. 

Habes justum et micheam, 
Et servisiam frumenteam, 
Unde regis posset earn 

bibit cum letitia. 

Nullum carnes commedatis^ 
Neque pisces perfruatis, 
Lactem quoque denegatis, 

sic to facit sobria. 
Nullum tibi sit tabellum^ 
Neque tibi sit scabellum, 
Mensa tibi sit palellum 

noil habeus mappalia^ 

Super terram sic sedebis, 
Nee abinde removebis, 
Velis iiolis sic manebis, 

in hsec refectoria* 
Post ha:;c dies accedatis 
Ad prions et abbatis, 
Disciplmas assumatis, 

fac flectamus genua. 

Sic devote prosternatis, 
Ac deinde lacrimatis. 
Dorsum nudum extendatis, 

caret te Itetitia. 
Ibi palam confiteris, 
Quod tu male delinqueris, 
Et sic pardonem consequeris, 

in nostra capitula. 



Tunc proindc tu cavebis 
Malum loqui, sic tacebis, 
Pr€clatores non spernelns, 

contra tuum regiila.*' 


From a MS. in the Libraiy of Trinity Cottege, Cambrldgei (0. 14, 38.) 

of the thirteenth century. 

Hit wes upon a Scere-thorsday that ure Loverd aios, 

ful milde were the wordes he spec to Judas : 
" Judas, thou most to Jurselem oure mete for to bugge, 

thritti platen of selver thou here up o-thi rugge/' 
Thou comest fer ithe brode stret, fer ithe brode strete ; 

summe of thine tunesmen ther thou meist i-mete. 
I-mette wid is soster the swikele wimon ; 

" Judas, thou were wrthe me stende the wid ston, 

for the false prophcte that tou bilevest upon/* 
" Be stille, Itn^e soster, thin herte the to-breke ! 

wiste min Loverd Crist, ful wel he wolde be wreke/' 
*- Judas, go thou on ihe roc, heie upon the ston, 

lei thin heved i-my harm, slep thou the anon.*' 
Sone so Judas of slepe was awake, 

thritti platen of selver from hym weren i-take. 
He drou hymselve bi the cop, that al it lavede a blodo ; 

the Jewes out of Jurselem awenden he were wode. 
Foret hym com the riche Jeu that heiste Pilatus ; 

" wolte sulle thi Loverd that hette Jesus V* 
" I nul sulle my Loverd nones cunnes eiste, 

bote hit be for the thritti platen thfit he me bilaiste/' 
" Wolte sulle thi Lord Cr^it for encfi cunnes golde V 

** Nay, bote hit be for the platen that he liabbeii wolde," 
In him com ur Lord Crist gon as is postlcs seten at mete ; 

*' Wou sitte ye, postles, ant wi nule ye ete ! 

ic am i-boust ant i-sold to-day for oure mete." 
Up stod him Judas, ** Lord am i that . . . . . ?• 

I nas never othe stude ther me the cvel spec,'* 
Up him sttid Peter, ant spec wid al is miste, 

'* than Pilatus him come wid ten Innulred cnistes, 

vet ic wolde, Loverd, for ilii love fistc.'* 
** Still thou be, Peter, wel I the i-cnowe; 

thou wolt fursake me thrien, ar the coc him crowe. 

* A word Appears to be omttted in the MS. 




Taken from a parchment roll, wrUien on b<>th eidea. On the recto i» a 
iatirical Nomian- French poem* written at the close of the 13 th centuTy, 
which hiu been pnnted in Wright's '* Political Soijg«/' 4to. p. 59. On the 
verao is the English poem now printed , in a hand of the beginning of the 
1 4th century. It i«» perhaps, one ofihe earliest specimen* remaining of thig 
species of dramatic composition, 1'he ili(\lectical peculiarltiea throughout 
are very remarkable. 1 1 ends, unfortunately, imperfect. In oil probability, 
had we the remainder, it n ould prove to be the Mtme story wi that of Bame 
Sirithi of which another and contemporary English veraion id printed in the 
Brituh Bibiiographer, vwl. iv, froTn Ms. Dijjby 8(). The original of this 
taJe is to be sought in the East, (see S*!ott"s Tnlt* from the Arabic^ 
Slc, 8vo. 1«*00, p. 100.) wlienre it found ite way into the work of Tetrua 
Alpbonaus, and the L.atin Geaia Rotntmorumf cap. 28. For olher refer- 
encea see ^Schmidt's Notes on his edition of Alphonaus^ pp. 133 — 134^ 4to. 
H^rl. 1827. It only remains to add, that the original roll is in the po«- 
*e*Bion of ihe Hev. R.YeTbargh, U D, Vicar of 31 ea ford, Lincolnshire, and 
b written m illrgibly, aa to make the tranacript in some few words verj 

Hie tncipit InierlucUum de Clerico et Paella. 
Cierlcm. Damishel, restc vveL 

Puella. Sir, welcum, by Saytit Michel ! 

Clericus, Wer esty sire, wer esty dame ! 

Puella, By Godc, es noner Iter at hame. 

Vlericus. Wei wor suilc a nmn to life, 

That suilc a may mithe have to wyfe ! 
Paella, Do way» by Crist and Leonard, 

No wily lufe, na clerc fayllard, 

Na kepi herbherg, clerc, in hiisc no y Jlore 

BoL liis hers ly wit-iUen don^. 

Go forth thi ^vay, ^od sire, 

For her ha<tu lo.-^ye al thi wile. 
Clericus. Nu, nii, by Crist and by sant Jhon, 

In al this land ne wis hi none. 

May den, that hi kif nior than the, 

Hit" me inithe ever the betlicr be. 

For the hy sory nicht and day, 

Y may say, hay wayleuay ! 

Y lul" the mar Ihan mi lif^ 
Thu hates me mar than gayt dos chuief. 
That es noute for mys-giU, 
Certhes, for thi luf ham hi spUt. 
At suythe niayden, reu ef me 
That es ty luf, hand ay sal be. 
For the luf of [the] y mod of efne; 
Thu mend thi mode, and her my stevena 

W^ 146 


B Puella, 

By Crist or heven and sant Jone I ^^^H 


Cferc of ^cole ne kepi non ; ^^^H 


For many ^oA wymman haf thai doti scam. ^^M 


By Crist, tliu michtis haf be at bame, ^^M 

' Clencus. 

Synl it not hi r gal may be, ^^M 

Jhesu Crist, bv-tethy the, ^H 

And send neufit bot thar inne, ^^M 

That thi be lesit of al nny pyrie. ^^M 


Go nu, triian, go nu, go, ^^^ 

For mikc4 thu canstu of sory and wo. ^^M 


God te bHs, Mome Hehvis. ^^M 

Mome Elwis, 

Son, welcum, by san Dims ! ^^M 


Hie am comin to the, Mome, ^^M 

Tliu hel roe noth, thy say me sone, ^^| 


Hie am a clerc liiat bauntes scole, ^^M 

Y hidy my lif wyt mikel dole; ^H 

Me wor lever to be iledh, ^H 

Than led the lif that bye Tedh, ^M 


For ay mayderi with and schen, ^^M 

Fayrer ho lond hawy non syen. ^^| 


Tho hat iimyden Malkyn, y wene ; ^^M 

Nu thu wo^t quam y mene, ^^M 

Tho woiiys at the louoes ende, ^^M 

That suyt bf, so fayr and hende. ^^M 

Bot if iho wil bir m.>d amendpj ^^M 

Neuly Crist myded me send. ^^^ 

Men send me hyder, vyt uten fnyle, ^^H 

To haf thi help anly cunsayle. ^^| 

Thar for aojy cummeu here, ^^| 

That tbu salt be my lierand-here, ^^H 

To mac me and that maydeo sayct, ^^| 

And hi sal gef the of n/y nayet, ^^M 
So that hever al thi lyf ^^M 

Saltu be the better wyf. ^^M 

So help me Crist ! and liy may spede, ^^M 

Kithe saltu haf thi me(h'. ^^M 

JUbn^ iZ/ii^w 

\ A, son, wat saystu ^ benedicite, ^^| 

Lift hup thi hand, aiHTbTis tlie? ^^M 

For it es bo}i sj^n and scam, ^^^| 

That thu on ine hafs layt thys blam. ^^M 

For hie am an aid quyne and a lam. ^^| 

Y led my lyf wit Gocliis love.* ^^H 

Wit my\oe y me fede, ^^M 

Cani do non othir dede, ^^H 

Bot my pater no.^ter and my crede, ^^M 

* A line it perhapi} wanting Tiere. ^^H 


Tho say Crmt for missedede^ 

And my navy Mary, 
For ray scyntie hie am noiy. 
And my de profundi^, 
For al that yn sin lys. 
For cani me non othir think, 
That wot Crist, of heven kyuc, 
Jhesii Crist, of heven hey, 
Gef that hay may heng hey, 
And gef that hy may se, 
That thay be henge on a tre. 
That this ley as ley it onne ine. 
For aly wymam (sic) ami on. 




From the Speculum Eccle«ioe of Giraltlus Cambrensb, MS. Cotton* Ti- 
bwius, B. xiiit fol. 93, v", ThU curious story is by far the earliest instttiice 
of the curioQi legeiwl of the kiog^a iiuercourde with hw aulyecu in dls^uiae, 
which Juu been ao oft repeated in balltuls, such as that of the king and the 
ftlMpliepdi iu Uartsho me 's Metrical Tales^ and other works* Ttie present 
Boeodote may perbapi be regarded le*« as a true §tory, thjin aa a pnxif that 
such boUads ejiiated as early u» the twelfth century. The writer of theie 
lIueA has the intention of publbhing the Speculum EecUtUK at eotire aa the 
condition of the MS. wilt pemiit* 

Accidet autem aliquando, cum Angiomm rex H. secundus 
in locLs silvestribus studio venationis indulgeret, quod eventu 
casuali in ferarum perj?ecutione vehementi longius a suis 
omnibus aberrassct, adco ut nocte superveiiiente tandem 
ad domum quandam ordiais Cisterciensis in silvse cujusdam 
margine sitam huspitaturus accederet. Qui satis hospitaliter 
ilico, non tamen ul rex quoniam hoc ignorahant, sed miles de 
famiiia regis el sequela, susceptus fuit. Post caenam autem 
juxta loci naturara et domus facultatem hoiiorifice da tarn, 
abbas ipse cum monaehis ahquot ad ipsum amplius honoran- 
dum adveuit, rogatis etiam et affectuose supplicans quatinus 
erga dominum regem, quern propter negotia domus aditurus 
in crasttno fuit, ut magis ei propitiiis foret, adjuvaret. lile 
vero «je hoc ei facturum et negotia domus erga dooiiiiura regem 
expediturum pro posse prompta voluntale proiuisit. Abbas 
autem ut militibaiiimumexiiihiraret,ipsumque sibi piacabilem 
tniigis elBceret, calices ei crcbro^ de potu electo more Atigli* 


RfiLlQUI^ ANTiaUJt. 

cano propiimri fecit. Ipsemet quoque, quatinus ad melius 
potanduiii miliiem provocaret et efEcacius invitaret, loco 
we^heil ait ei priL I lie vero igniorans quid rcspondere de- 
beret, edoctus ab abbate, pro driTtckeil respondit ei wriL Et 
sic provocantes ad invicem et compotantes, cum monachis et 
fratribus assistentibus et servientibus, ingemioare pril et icril 
ei alternatim saepius usque iioctis ad horam pramndioris in- 
culcare nou destiteruiit. Hiis itaque sub hoc tenore completis, 
iiieubrisque demum sopori datts, surgens sumoio mane sub 
formam militis rex manitus ad horam, ad curiam familiamque 
suain propter absentiam dominique sui ex inopinato carentiam 
stupidam non mediocritur effectam et animi coosternatamp in 
opido quodam a quo pridie mane venationis causa discesserat 
parum inde distante incmiclanter accessit, et cum gaudio mag- 
norum suorum omnium magiio susceptus, et tamquam qui 
perierat inventus laetabundus mtravit. Ubi itaque majestatem 
regiam denuo resumpserat, pra^cepitilico quatinus abbas dicta2 
domus quam cito veniret, absque impedimento quolibet aditum 
et accessum cum monachis suis ad ipsum habere!* Abbas 
autem juris sui non cenlemptorexistens, sed verbis et promissis 
bospitis sui fidem habens, ad curiam satis matutinus et non 
morosas advenit. Hostiarii vero tani exteriores quam interiora^ 
juxta procceptum regis portas omnes et januas ei quam citius 
appericntes usque ad eede?? ulteriores talamosque penitiores ubi 
rex erat, ipsum cum monachis suis duobus ad ipsum conduxerunt. 
Rex autem ut abbatem vidit, ipsum ad se vocans, eique liber- 
al iter et curialiter assurgens, ad latus suum eundem apposuit, 
statimque dixit ei quod negotium domus suae propter quod 

venerat i propone ret. Quo facto, negotioque 

statim abbatis ad libitum et volun atem domusque subb prorsus 
utihtatem totahter expedito, abbatem recedere volentcm et 
cum gratiarum actione plurintia prout decuit licentiam accipi- 
entem, secum ad prandium rex [rctinjiiit. Cumque a latere 
i[psius] situs ad niensam cum houore fuisset, post fercula 
splendida preetio^aque pocula^ rex abbatem erigendo calicem 
aureum et aniplum in heec verba convenit : '* Abbas pater, dico 
ilhi pnl." Abbas autem, hoc audito, pudore nimirum plurimo 
percussus atque tremore, gratiam regis et misericordiam sup- 
pliciter ut ei parceret et summa cum humilitate postulavit* 
Rex vero per oculos Dei jurans, sicut consuevit, et verbum 
affirmans, ait ** quia sicut heri comedendo simul atque bi- 
bendo mutuisque provocation! bus nos invicem ad bene potan- 
duni imitando boni per omnia socii iuimus, sic et nunc erimus; 
et sicut ad nutum vestrum in domo vestra vobis morem 
tunc gessimuSj sic Bequum est et just urn ut nobis morem in 
domo nostra per ejusdem quoque provocationis verba, scilicet 

RfiLlQUlifi AKTtQU.«. 


hesterna pril et tcril, tnorem gerere satagatis." Compulsus 
sic de[muin] re^e cogente, quarnquam verecimdus in lanta 
audiencia plurimum etinvitus, respoodit regi wriL Etsic inter 
regem et abbaleni crebrius ex hinc, inlerque milites et mo- 
nachos necnon et rege jubente per an) am et curiam, undi 

. tam pril et ivrilt alter [alterum , . . m] ulyis vocibus- 

que jocundis et clamosis provocando comiiiuniler exaltare non 
ce^arunL Sic igitur ex hospitis tanti casualiter advecti 
foTluita prsesentia crevit dicta domus forsan in mundana sub- 
stantia, sed male decrevit apud bonos viros et disrretos omries, 
talem potandi provocationcm et tarn inordinalum, prim urn in 
abbatia, postmodom autcm adrairationem irri^oriam in curia 
factam, audientes, 



From tbe Cottonian Matm^cHpt, Vespa^jan B. xu. of the fifteenth century. 

Worton in hia HUtory of Eogtiah Poetry, 4to* Edit. vol. il, p. 22L mentions 
a Manuscript in the possession of Mr. Turner of Tiwuiore In Oxfordshire, 
en titled ** le Art de Veneiic lequelle maietre Guillauine Twici venour le 
foy d'Angleteire fiat en eon temps pur appmndre autrcfl/'* of which the fol- 
lowing Tract appears to be an Engliih traDSlation, It occurs among the 
Cottoniao Matiuicriptfi In the M uieum, in a hand which U not older than 
the time of Henry the Fifth, though Twici orTwety was the chief huntsman ' 
to King Edward the Second, in wbote time the French work was unqnes- 
tionahly written. 

Of John Giflbrde, whose name occurs in the** Ejtpliclt'* with Twety's, 
little information, it is probable, can bo obtained. In the Patent Rolls and 
djITerent I»<|uisitions, one or more Jobo OilTorda will be found, but with no 
mention attached that can at all show their connection with the Huntsman. 

Another Treatise on hunting called ** The Master of the Game,'" occurs 
in the same Manuscript and hand with the Engliih Twety, of which it was 
in reality an enlargement This latter Treatise was the wor]( of Edward, 
Duke of York, who was slain at the Battle of Agincourt. 

The Rhymes prefixed to the preaent Tract do not really belong to it. The 
divisions represented by stars, are in the ori^nal filled with llmnlnp of the 
different animals. 

Dame Jolyana Bemer's Treatise on Hunting is only a metrical version of 
Twety's Ttiu:t; with here and there a little enlargement. Her descriplionSy 
and her terms of hunting, are the same verbatim^ 

AUe suche dysport as vaydith ydilnesse 
It syttyth every gentilman to knowe ; 
For myrthe annexed is to gentilnesse. 

• This MS. IS now preserved in the rich collection of Sir Tbomat Phillips, 
Bart., who has printed privately tbe French original of the tract here 




Qwerfore among alle other, as y trowe. 

To knowi* the craft of hontyng and to blowe. 

As thy*5 book shall witnesse, is one tlie besle ; 

Fur it is hoisum, plesauot, and lionest. 

And ibr to sette yonge hiiuterys in the way. 

To veiiery y caste me fyrst to go, 

Of wheche .iiij, bestis be, that is to say 

The hare, the herte, the vvutflie» the wyide boor also. 

Of vener y for sothe ther be no moe ; 

And so It she w i th he re i n por te te w re , 

Where every best is set in hys figure. 

And ther ben othyr bestir .v. of chase ; ^ 
The buk the first, the do the secunde, 
-The fox the t!iryde, whiche ofte hath hard grace, 
The ferthe the niartyn, and the last the roo ; 
And sothe to say ther be no nio of tho ; 
And cause why that men shulde the more be sure. 
They shewen here also in portreture. 
And cause why they be set in portreture 
Is this, like as lecteture put thyng in mende, 
Of lerned men, ryght so a peyntyde fygure 
Remembryth men unlernyd in hys kende> 
And in wr^ghtyng for soothe the same I fynde, 
Thcrfore, sith lerned may lerne in this book, 
Be ymages shal the lewd, if he wole look. 

And .iij\ other bestis ben of gret disport, 

That ben nt^yther of venery ne chace ; 

In buntyng ofte thei do gret comfort, 

As aftir ye shal here in other place, 

The grey is one therof \^ ith hyse slepy pace, 

The cat an other, the otre one also ; 

Now rede this book and ye shal fynde yt so. 

Incipii Twety. 
Tylle alle tho that wyl of venery !ere, y shall hem teche as 
y have lernyd of maystris that is disputy d and endyd, that is 
for to say, raaystere Johan Gyflbrd and Wilham Twety, that 
w^re wyth kyng Edward the secunde. 
Of the Hare. 
Now wylle we begynne atte hare, and why she is most mer- 
veylous best of the world, and wherfore that she bercth grece 

printed iti EiigU^li. It may be observed that In the Coltouian MS. the i is 
clearly distingtilahed fVom the c» and no doubt can exUt on the ortliography 
of the words Twetyt trockcdficc. Edd, 



and gTDtheyth, and roungeth, and so doth non other best in thys 
load, and at one tyme he [is] male and other tyme female, and 
therfore may alle men hlow at hyr as at othir bestis, that is to 
say at herte, at boor, and at wolf. If it be alway male, a man 
may blowe hir for to lede, but it [is] to wete that all thefavre 
wordis of vcnery reyseth of iiire wlien ye hym shul seke. 
Of Qwestymies, 
Syr huntere, how many be^^tis acquill? Syr, the buk and 
the duo, the male fox and the female, and alle olhir vennyn as 
many a^ be put in the book. And how many braches 1 Sire, 
alle that bo acquilez. How many best is be escorches, and >^ 
how many arracies ? Alle the bestis that beryth suet and 
fime ben escorche^, and alle that bere grcce and freyn be arra-*^ 
cies, saf the hare, for he beryth grece and crotylh and not ^ 
freyns. How man\ bestis bere os, and how many ergos ? The v- 
hert berith o<? above the boofi and the buk berith ergos. The 
boor frist he is a pvg as long as lie is with !hs dame, nnd whene 
his dame levyth hym then he is called n gorgeaunt, and the 
.iij. ycre he is call yd an hoggastcrj and when they be of ,iiij. 
yere age they shall departe fro the sounder for age, and wJien 
he goth soole than is he callyd a boor. 

Of (he HerL 
Now wyl w^e speke of the hert, and speke we of his degres; 
that is to say, tlie fyrst yere he is a calfe, the secunde yere a 
hroket, the iij. yere a spayer, the ,iiij, yere a stagg, the v. yere 
a greet stagg, the .vj. yere a hert at the fyrst hed; butthat 
ne fallith not in jiigenient of huntersse, for the gret dyversylc 
that is fownde nf hem, for alleway we calle of the fyrst hed tyl 
that he be of x, of the lasse. And fyrst whan an hert hath 
fourched, and then auntelere ryall, and surryall, and forched 
one the one syde, and troched on that other syde, than is he an 
hert of ,x. and of the more. And whan that he hath alle that 
I have namyd by fore, to that he hath troched on boot he par- 
ties of the bed, he is of ,xij, and of that lasse. And if it he so 
that he have troched of that o partye aij. and on that other par* 
tye .iiij., he is of .xij. of the more ; he may be of .xiiij. alle 
hool, for in thatpoynt,ye shall not fy nde .ij, acordyng to .xiiij. 
Whan he hath troche I on that one partye .iiij, and on the other 
.v., than is he of .xvj. ofdefauntc. \Vhan he is trochid on 
bothe sydes ,v.i than is he of .xvj. atte fulle. And when he is 
troched on that one syde of .v, and of that other ,vj., he is of 
,xviij. of defaunte, and whan he is troched on boothe sydes of 
.vj. than is he of .xxiij. atte fuUe, And when he goth wexyng 
tyl he come to .xxxij, yere, than is he callyd an hert resygne, 
for cause his hed aftir that lynie wexith no furthere. 





Of BloUHUff, 

Syre huiiLere, for how many bestis shall a man blow the mene? 
For .iij* males and for one femalle, that is to sav, for an hert, 
the l>oor, the wolfli male, and Me so the wolfh female, as wel 
as to here hasboncL How shall wq lilowe whan ye han sen the 
hert ! I shal blowe after one mote, if motes, and if myn 
howndes come not hastily to me as v wolde, 1 shall bio we aiij. 
motes, and for to hast hem to me and for to warne the gentelys 
that the hert is sene, than shalle I rechace on myn houndis .iij* 
tymes, and whan he is ferre from me, than shall y chase hym in 
tKys maner, Tronic trout ^ fro ro rot, tmuf, trout, tro to rot, trou ro 
rot, trou ro rot, Syr huntere, why blowe ye so ? For cause that 
the hert is seen, an y wot nevere whedir that myn hundys be 
become fro myn meyne. And what maner of chase clepe ye that? 
I We clepe it the chace of the forloyne. I chase %vith my 
I houndis that be huntyng* Another chace ther is, and that is 
I clepid the perfy^t. Than ye shall begynne to blowe a long 
mote, atid aftirward ij, shorte motes in this maner, Trout^ trout, 
and than trout , tro ro rot, be^^miyng with a long mote, for every 
man that is abowte yow, and can skylle of venery may knowe 
in what poynt ye be in yow re game be your horn. Another 
Ichace ther is whan a man hath set up archery s and greyhouo- 
Ides, and the best be founde, and passe out the boundys, and 
myne hotmdes after ; than shall y blowe on this maner a mote, 
and aftirward the rcchacc upon my houndys that be past the 
boundys. Whech I>e the boundes ! Ther as the boundes ben thei 
that we a^signyd, a^ y have sayd to-fore. Syre huntcre, wole 
ye sech this chace ! Ya, syr ; if it be a best in strest or in chace, 
and myn boundes passe out over the boundes, and if ye wyl 
not that tlicy chace eny Icngere, I shall blowe a mote, and af- 
tirward I shall strake after myn houndes for to have hem ay en. 
Of wheche bestys shal be strepid, and which flayn ? how 
many bestis bcrith lether, and how many skyn ! Alie that be 
estorches, that is to say, the skyn flayn, bcryth lether, and alle 
that be arracies, that is to say the skyn pullyd ovyr the hed» 
beryth skyn ; and whan the chevest is take, there ye shall 
seye haive, herrou'e. In the tyme of grece begynnyth alle way 
atlc the fest of the Nativyte of Saynt Job an baptist. 

0/ the Hare Huntyng. 
And if ye hounte at the hare, ye shall sey atte uncouplyng, 
Iiiors de couple, avannt; and after .iij. tymes, Sohow\ sakow, 
sohow, Atid ye shall seye, Sa, sa, cy, avaunt, sohow. And if 
ye se that your houndes have good wyl to renne, and be feer 
from you, ye shalle sey thus, /loiv amy, liow amy, swef, mon 
amy, sheje^ And if eny fynde of hym, where he hath ben, 



Rycher or Bemood, ye shall sey. aiez a Bemond le vayllaunt, 
que guide irovere le coward^ on le court cow. And if ye se 
chat halli be there at pasture^ if it be tyme of grene come, and 
you f>'nde wel of hyin, ye vshalle seye, la, douce ami/, Id il a 
este,/or kt/rn so/iow. And than ye shull blowe .iij. motes, yf 
yowr huiid ne chace not wel hym, there one and ihcr another, 
as he hath pasturyd liym, ye shull say^ Jllconqu'^ illeosqiie, 
iUeosque, Alwey whan they fynde wele of hym, and then ye 
shul keste out as^^yggc al abovvte the feld, for to se where he 
be go out of the pasture, or ellis to his foorme. For he shal 
not be gladly therc^ as he was pastured hym, but if it be in 
tjTne of, and afterward if that ony hound fynde of hyrn, or ony 
mysyng where he hath been, Haf oy toutz cy este il, venez a- 
reref sohoxi\ sa, sa, cy, adesio, sokow, and than sat sa, cy uvaunt. 
Whan that ye se another y-goo out of the foorme, as in playnfeldp 
or lond yerd, or in wode, and your houndes fynde wel of hym, 
ve sliull saye. Id, douce amy, id es(-il venuzpur lue segere^ sokow, 
and Illeosqiie f sy, douce amy , sy, valauntf sohfyw, sohow. And 
than whan ye come there as ye trowe that he be dwellyng, and 
ye seme weel of hym, ye shall say. Id, doitce amy. Id esl-il 
venuz pur meyndifj soltow. And then whan they ensemble wele 
fote hym, and they trowe wele to fynde byin, ye shul saye, 
Here, how, heret douce, hmi\ here, pur les sans de luy. And 
when be is meved, ye shul chantre your spec he and blowy ng 
booth too, and ye shul saye, as 1 have sayd to yow afore, ofte 
tyl he be ded, and whan the hare is take, and your houndes 
have ronne wele to hym ye shul hlowe aft ir ward, and ye shul 
yef to your houndes the halow, and that is the syde, the shuU 
dres, the nekke, and the bed, and the loyne shal to kechonne. 

Of the Hert dyvers quesliouns. 

And whan the hert is take, ye shal blowe J iij. motys, and 
shai be defeted as of other bestes, and if your houndes be bold, 
and have slayn the hert with streynth of hujityn^, yeshul have 
the skyn, and he that undoth hym shal have the shuldre, be 
la we of venery, and the lioundes shal be rewardid with the 
nekke and with the bewellis, with the fee, and thei shal he 
etyn undir the skyn, and therforc it is clepid the quarre, and 
the hed shal be b rout horn to the lord, and the skyn ; the ncx, 
the gargilon, above the tayle, forched on the ryght hondc. 
Than blow at the dore of halle the pryse. 

Of the Buk. 

And whan the buk is i-take, ye shul blowe pryse, and re- 
f wa rd your bounders of the paunehe and the bosveJlis. 


Of the Boon 

And whan the boor is i-take, he be deffct yd al velue^ and he 
shal have ,xxxij. basteletys, and ye shal ^if your hoimdys the 
bowel Us hoy led with breed ^ and it is callyd reward, for cause 
that it l^ etyn on the erthe and not on the skyn* The knyghtis 
be not encbaces ne gadered, but they be there that they huntyd 
to-fore the boundes. Whan ye shal be bore a!le liool horn, the 
houndes shal be rewardid with the fete, and the body shal to 
the kechyn, 

A QwesHon. 
And allc maner of bestis that ben enchayde, has o maner 
of speche, but sohow goihe to all manner of chaces, and coup- 
^ lyng and dyscouplyng ; but ifyowre boundes renoe to one chace, 
that is to seye^ ruse^t or hamylon, or croiseth, or dwell, and 
they conne not put it no ferthere, ye shal seye. Ho, so, ami/, 
so, venez a coupler e, sa, areret >sokoti\ Sohow i;? niocbe to say 
as sahow, for because that it is short to say, we say al wey 

0/ Iferdis, of Sundre, of Bmn/s, ffthe Seson of Bestis, 

How many herdes be there of bestes of venery ? Sire, of 

hertis, of hisses, of bukkes, and of doos. A soundre of wylde 

swyne. A bevy of roos. The sesoun of the fox bepymiyth at 

the natyvite of owrc Lady, and duryth til the Annunciacion, 

And the liarc is alwey in sesoii to be chasyd. And ifyowre 

houndes chase the hare or the hert, and the houndes be at de- 

faunt, ye sbal say in this maner, then, SohmVt ftossafne, Iwssame, 

simi, hOf /lo, sa, hossamfi, anere, sohou\ And if your houndes 

i/ renoe wcle at the fox, or atte the buk, and the be at defaunt, ye 

shul sey in another maner , Ho, ho, ore, saueff', a lity^ douce, 

a lurj, ho ho ossayn, sa ariere, sohow, sohow, venez a coupliere. 

Explicit le venery de Twety , and of mayster Johan GiiFarde, 



From MS. Q* T. 20» in the Library of Jesus Colle^f Cambridge; a l£mo. 
voiutne of tlie twelfth century, on vclluui, 

Cotlalerales quatuor virtyttim, 

Prudeniia habct in dextro latere astutiam et versutiam ; in 
sinistro aulem hebitudinem mentis, Justitia namque habetin 
dextro latere pleonesianr*, hoc est plus justo; in sinistro vero 
meoncsyam, hoc est minus justo. Fortitudo itat]ue habet in 
dextro latere audaciam, in sinistro ignavianu Tcmperantia 
igitur habet in dextro lalere castitatcm et contincntiam ; in 
sinistro vero Ixxxrkbm et Ikbkdknfm, 





An Anglo- Norman Satire, from MS. Oarl, Ku. 209* fuK 7, T": of the earlier 
pari of the fourteeDtb century. 

Veez cy solaz de tin dame, 
CouTteyse e de bone fame, 

Jeo say un dame de bone purveaunce. 
Si vous assentez a sa ordenautice, 
K'avant la paske florie vus justerez de lauoce 
Par tut eu sa graunges sauns nul desLurbuunce* 

Ele est une dame ke tret a grant tresor, 
Meuz wut un allouhe hou un esperver sor 
Ke trente mere berbiz ho tut lur estor, 
E plus ad clier un kenet ke nul vache hou ton 

Vous ke avez cheens dount esles encoumbrez, 
Alez a la dame, si vous allegez ; 
Vus ke avez treteueles kc vendre ne poez» 
Ales a la dame, sy vous en deliverez. 

Ele est bone marchaunt e been avis^e, 
Sys deneres vus dourra pur un cher darre; 
Souffit a ly ke eyt sa voluntee, 
E sy nul en grouce, ne avera for maugr^. 

Ky vousit par mal sa chaumbre visiter, 
De quisez e mustilers avereit le niesteer, 
Hou la chape seynt Pere de Roumme enpruntcr ; 
Kar it eert assayli de kenet e leverer. 

La troverez les kenez sayllaunz cum grililoun, 
E les graunz levercz raunipaunz cum lyoun ; 
Mes se garde ben le granger de krostoun, 
Par la semeyne de lour lyveresoun, 

II avera payn musy ho cerveise assez egre, 
Bute assez reste, moruhe assez megre ; 
Le cheens averount brouheis de blaunkc payn sauiiz egie. 
Pur se sunt jolifs e seins e halegre. 

E ceo est been enplaee en ecus ke sunt vaiUaunz, 
Meyndres e greyndres mout travillaunz, 
Les unes pernent wybez, les autres niouche volaunz, 
Les uns chaufent le liz, les autres gardent baunz. 

Si vous avez robe de eschar lete taylle, 
Bayliez a chaufelit, e il le fra mourr^. 
E si vostre pellure par kas seyt dccirre, 
Bayller a terebagge, par ly eert redrece. 

La dame par matyn va a Teghse, 
E de treis chapeleyns ke fount le servise 
Fere tele eschaunges, un j^eul nc prise 
Deus lynceus cliauz pur un freyde chemyse. 



Sovent aveent ke clerk hoii chapeleyn, 
Ho run souler chaucei Tautre en la meyn^ 
Se haste ver la chapele pyr sonet le seyii ; 
II eert en la mercy ky la vendra dreyn, 

Avaunt ke les eiiz seyent descoues, 
Eriliaucenl les notes de porter les nues ; 
Mes lur devocioun souiit assez cruhes. 
Taunt cum lur jaumbes esteuent les nus. 

Taunt est la dame de messe enamouree, 
Kc sy dys hou do usee seyent ieyns chauntee, 
Ne lerreit un soule a soun eyndegree, 
Ne uncore le gibelot ke ne sey t trousse. 

Trop y ad sourkar> dyt la juvencele 
Ke derere les autres demurt en la chapele ; 
Plus vaudreit en chaumbrc ho la verleuele. 
Ke escoter de ceo clers sy lounge favele. 

Kaunt m prindpio avant se mette en place, 
"Ha!'' dit la juvencele, "cy veeot bele grace; 
Cesti nous couiigeye, cesty nous encliace, 
E vers nostre chaumbre nous aprent la trace.*' 

En cele chaumbre troveres une a^^y^embl^ 
De bone genti femmes e been enteschee. 
Sy n'est une soul de Blaunkeiieye nee, 
Mes de la More de Blak hou sunt enparentee. 

En la sale trove rez prest ky abandonne 
Manger e beyvre au matin e ii nonne, 
E tut le jour troverez ke le cheker sonne, 
A cele ke meynteent Dieu sa grace donne. Ame7i^ 



By John Udgate. From M3. Q. F. 8» foL 77, r", iti the library of Jesiu 
College, Cambridge, Of the flfleenlh century. 

My dere childe, first thiself enable 

With ail thui herte to vcrtuous disciplync 

A for thi soverayne standing at the table, 

Dispose thi youth aftir my doctryne ; 

To all norture tJii cor age to enclyne. 

First when thii spekist be not rekles, 

Kepe feete and fingeris and handes still in peso. 

Be symple of chcre, cast not thi looke aside, 
Gase not aboute turnyng over all ; 
Ageyne the post, lat not thi bake abide, 
Make not (Iii myrroure also of the wall ; 



Pike not thi nose, and in e special! 

Be riglit well ware, and set hereon thi thought, 

To-for thi soverain cracche ne rube nought. 

Who spekis to the in ony maner place, 
Lumbisshly cast not thi hede a-down, 
Boi with sad chere looke h\m ir* tlie face; 
Walke demurly by stretis in the towne, 
And advertise of wisdom e and reson. 
With dii^solute laughters thou doo noon offence 
To-fore thi sovereyne, whill he is in presence. 

Pare clene thi nailes, thi hand is wassh alao 
To-for mete and when thu doost arise ; 
Sit in that place thu arte assigned lo ; 
Prese not to high in no manner wise ; 
And till tha see afore the thi ser%dce, 
Be not to hasty on brede for to bite, 
Of gredynes lest men the wo!de a-wdte. 

Grennyng and mowes at table eschewe ; 
Crye not to loude ; kepe honestly silence ; 
T'enboce thi jowes with brede it is not due ; 
With full mouth speke not, lest thu do offence ; 
Drinke not bridlid for hast nor necligence ; 
Kepe clene thi bppes fro fatt of lle&sh or fysslie ; 
Wype fajTe thi spoon, leve it not in thi dische. 

Off brede y-bite no soppis that thu make ; 
Loude for to suppe it is ageyn gentilnes ; 
With mouth embrewed thi cuppe thou not take ; 
In ale ne wyne w ilh honde leve no fatnes ; 
Foul not thi naprie for no reklesties ; 
Nevyr at met be warre gynne no stry ve ; 
Thy teth also ne pike not with thi knyff. 

Off honest myrthe !at be thi daliaunce ; 

Sw^ere noon othes, spek norebaudfy ; 

The best morsell, have this in remembraunce. 

Hole to thisf^lf alway do not applye ; 

Part w^ith thi felaw^e, for that is curtasie : 

Lade not thi trenchoure with many remissailes ; 

And fro blaknes alway kepe thi nailes. 

Off curtasie also geyn the law^e, 
Which sou dishonest for to doon offence ; 
Of olde surfettes abraid not thi felawe ; 
Toward thi soverain alway thin advertence ; 
Play with no knyff, take hede to my sentence; 
At mete and soper kope the still and soft ; 
Eke to and fro meve not thi fuote to oft. 

158 R£LIQt;i.£ ANTIQUjS. 

Drope not thi brest with sauce ne with potage ; 

Bring no kny ves uiiskoured to the table ; 

Fyll not thi spoone, leest in the carriage 

It wente be^iide, which were not cooiendable; 

Be quyke and redye, meke and scrvyable, 

Well a-waytyng to fidfyll anoon 

What thi soverain commandith the to done. 

And whare so be thu dyne or supe, 

Of geoliUnes take salt with thi knyfe ; 

And be well ware thu blowe not in the cupe ; 

Reverence thi felawis,begynne wyth tham no stryff; 

To thi power kepe pees all thi life ; 

Interrupt not, wherre so that thu wende, 

No mans tale, till he have made an ende. 

With thi fyngere marke not thi tale ; 

Be well avysed, natnly in tender age, 

To drynke by me sure both vyne and alio; 

Be not copious also of thi language ; 

As tyme requireth, shewe out of thi visage. 

To glad ne sory, bot kepe the atwene tweyne, 

For losse or lucre or any case sodeyne. 

Be meke in mesure, not hasty bot tretable ; 
Over mych is not worth in no thing ; 
To childre longith not to be vengeable, 
Soone mevid and sone foryeving, 
As it is remembred by olde writyng. 
Wrath of childre is sone over-gone, 
With an appill parties be maade at one. 

In childre nowe myrth and nowe debate. 

In theire quercll is no grete violence ; 

Nowe play, nowe wepy^ng, selde in oon estate ; 

To there pleyntes gyff no gret credence* 

A Todd reformyth all theire insolence ; 

In theire corage no rancoure doth abide ; 

Who sparith the yerde, all vertue set a-side. 

Goo, litill bill, bareyne of eloquence, 

Pray yong childre that the shall see or rede, 

Thof that thu be compendious of sentence, 

Of thi clausis for to take hede, 

Which to all vertue shall thare youth lede ; 

Of the writyng thof thaire be no date, 

If ought be mysse in worde, siilable, or dcde, 

Put all defaute upon John Lidgate, 

E. K Hunter. 




From a MS. in tlic public Ubmry of the University of Cambridge, Ff. 1, 
27^ 12tli cent, at tlie end of the Chronicle of Simeon of Durham. Twysden, 
in lijs edition of that liistorlan, coL, 76| has j^iven these veraea. The 
ab*eitce of >, and the eonttant me of t^t seem to indicnte a northern 

De silu Dutiebni et de sanctorum reliquiis tpicp ibidem continen- 
iuT carmen composifum. 

Is -JSeos burch breome cyninges heafud 

geond Breo ten -rice, 
steppa ge-sta?Solad, 
stanas ymbutan 
wundrum ge-waexen ; 
Weor )■ mb-eorna^, 
ea y^uin stronge, 
J her inne ivuna*8 
fela fisca kyn 
on floda ge-monge ; 
^ iie^T ge-wexen is 
wuda festem micel ; 
%ninia? in Sem wycum 
wilda deor moiiigc, 
in Deope-dalum 
deora un-gerim* 
Is in Sere bjrieac 
bearnum ge-cySed, 
ie arfesta 
eadig Cudberch, 
-} ?es clene 

Osuiialdes engle-leo, 

^ Aidao biscop, 

Eadberch j EadfriiS, 

ED'Sele ge -feres. 

Is ^cr inne midd beom 

jE^elwold biscop, 

^ breoroa bocera Beda, 

^ Boisil abbot, 

he dene CuJSberte 

on ge*che'Se 

lerde lustum, 

-} he wis lara 

wel-go-noni eardia^S 

eel 'Sem eadige. 

In Sem min^tre un-arimeda 

reliquia Se iiionia 

wundrum ge-wurSa?S, 

Ses ^e writ seggeB, 

tnid Senp drihtnes 

wer domes bideb* 



From M9. Gg. IV. 3*2, Bib. Publ. Canlub. temp. Hen, IV. This volume 
appears to have been the comnion-piace book of a parbh priest* 

Oratio Dominica. 

Oure fader in bevene riche, 
Thin name be i-blesced evere i-liclie, 
Led us, Loverd, into tbi blisce, 
Let us nevre tbin riche misse. 
Let us, Loverd, underfon 
Tbat thin willc be evere i-don. 
Also hit is in bevene 
In erthe be hit evene. 


RBUQUf.^ antique:. 

The hevene bred that lasteth aj 

Jif us, Loverd, this ilke day ; 

For^ifus, Loverd, in oure hone 

All that we haven here misdone, 

Also wisliche ase we forgiven 

H wiles we in tlus worlde liven 

Al that us is here misdo. 

And we hiseken the thereto. 

Led us, Loverd, to non fondinge. 

And ssciid us fram alle evel thinge* Amen. 

Speculum humani generis* 
Sori is the fore 
Fram bedde to the flore, 
And werse is the flette 
Fram flore to the pette, 
And for senne thine 
From pette to the pine ; 
Weilawei and wolawo ! 
Thanne is joye al over-go. 

Be the lef other be the loth. 
This worldes wele al a-goth. 
Under night and under day 
Thine daies fluten away, 
Thise beth tueye thinges stronge 
That everich man holdeth in honde. 

Suo sit fairhed in womman sot, 
Suo the geldene begh in suynes throt, 
Bituene hope and drede 
Schal man his Uf right lede. 

Cimbolum in Anglica lingua, 

I bileve in God fader in hevene, 
Almighti, that in dayes sevene 
Hevene and erthe haveth wroght, 
And al that tharinne is, of noght ; 
And in Jhesu Crist sone his 
One, that oure Loverd is. 
That thorgh the holi gostes miglit 
Kenned was and flcasc lok riglil, 
And of may den Marie boren 
To samen tho that were for-lorert, 
And tbf>lede after for sennes mine 
Under Punce Pilate pine, 



Sare and smarte, stark and stronge, 
And sithen on rode was an-honge, 
Bi liis wilie, and deide on tre, 
His bodi was bered, as oweth be 
Man and wyminan that is ded, 
Thus overkam Jhesu the qued. 
His soule after to he He lighte. 
And out of pine thorgh his raighte 
Tho Gode kik that lie tlier sogbte, 
And into Paradis hem broghte. 
Up he rose the thridde day 
Out of t!ie throwe ther he lay, 
Hoi mon and sond, wit ho u ten lak. 
With his disciples ^ede and spak. 
Up to hevene after he stegh 
His fader side he sit vvel ne^'h 
On almighti Godes right bond, 
Hevene and helle, water and lond, 
For to deme, quike and dede, 
Hf' ^scall come to gode and quede. 
The Holy Gost I leve wel, 
And Hofi Cherche everi del., 
Of boh balewcn mendenesse^ 
And of sennes forjev^enesse, 
Thorgh the mighte of Jhesu CrisI, 
And on oure flessches u prist, 
And on the lif withouten indinge^ 
Jhesu Crist us thider bringe ! Amen. 




From MS. Ee. iv. 33, in tlae Cambridge Public Library, u folio volume of 

EoglUIi poetry of Ibe ftfteentb ceotury. 

In Ynglond ther ys a schepcote, the whiche schepekote hayt 
ix. dorys, and at yevery dor standet ix. ramys, and every ram 
hat ix. ewys, and yevery ewe haihe ix. lanibys, and yevery 
lambe hayt ix. homes, and yevery home haytix. tyndes; what 
ys the somme of alle ihos belle 1 ' 





From MS, Reg. 8 E, xvii, foL 108, V, of the thiTteenth centojy. 
let comence lajesie des dames. 

Quel dironis des dames kaunt vienent a fesles, 
Les unes des auires aviseot les testes, 
Portent les boces cum cornues bestes ; 
Si nulc seit descoraue, de cele font les gestes. 

Des braz font la joie kaunt entrent en chambre, 
Moustrent les coverchefs de seye e de chambre, 
Alachent les botons de coral e de I'ambre, 
Ne tescnt de gangler taut cym sont en chambre. 

Ilokes mandent les bruoys, si scent a disner, 
Getlent les barbez la bouche pur overer ; 
Si cntrast a icel hourc un nice esquier, 
De un prive escharn ne put pas ben failler. 

Deus vistes vallez unt asset a fere, 
De servir a totes de chescun a pie re ; 
Un a la cusine lur viande a que re, 
Autre a la botelerie le bon viu a trere, 

Kaunt eles ount dine tot a leisiri 
S'aherdent ensemble pur priveement parler; 
La line de Tautre entice le quor, 
Si aucune privete put aloclier. 

Kaunt houre est a manger, avalent les degrez, 
Entrent en sale c<)ytement joint ez ; 
Ilok put horn veer la bele ensemWez, 
Ke tot sanz envie ne passera la jornee. 

Kaunt a la table a manger sont assis^ 
Reen ne mangoent de kaunke la est tnys ; 
Mout se tenent en pes e moustrent lor vis, 
Ke plus est regardee cele porte le prys. 

Kaunt eles ount moustre ce ke est par devant, 
Trovent acheson d'escouper are re bank, 
Ke les genz pussent veer roveraigne grant 
Ke gyst par derere, ke musce fu avant. 

Kaunt levenl de la table, ne di pas del manger, 
Kar poy ont niang6, ce fist lour bon disner, 
Entrent donke en cbambre pur entresolacer^ 
De soulillete de oveiaigne donk covient treiler. 

Lors vienent en place les overaignes ridees, 
Le eymer de Alemaigne, e les overes perches, 
L*overe sarrazynoys, e I'ovre peynee, 
Oue Tentaylleure e Tovre enleynnee, 
Li perroun e ly melice e li diaspr^e, 


Li bastoun e li peynet e li gernettfe, 
Eli double samyt n'y est pas obliee, 
E li ovre de redener ont sovent nianyee. 

Cele ke plus en seet sera lour listresce ; 
Les autres li escouient saiiz nule peresce. 
La ne dorment mie cum font a la messe, 
Pur la prise de vauite doot ont grant leesce. 

Pus s'en vount a I'oustel, retornent de la feste, 
E tant tost si changent la bete lusante teste, 
Cele ke fu si fresche ja devient si reste, 
Ke le marchant se repent ki acliata cele beste. 

Pus font la folye ke mult fet a charger, 
Kaunt a nule feste deivent retorner, 
Ben long terns avant coment despescer, 
Garlaundesches e trescoures e tot renaveler. 

Lors changent la couchure, diversent le champ ; 
Ore met tent les pedes ou furent plates avant ; 
De un leon recoupe funt egle volant^ 
De un cyn entail lye un levere tapisant. 

Mes ke lour atyr ja tant ben seyt fet, 
Kaunt une fez est veu de reii ne lour plest. 
Tel est ore en\ le et tant orgoil en crest, 
Ke la fille le provost la dame cx)iitrefest. 
Icifimst hi ffesie dts dames. 




Selected fh)m a paper MS. in 4to. of the afteenth centuryi preseired in the 
Cambridge Public Library^Ee* 1. 13. 

For to make boke-glewe. — Take the sowndys of stok-fysch> 
and sethe hem in worte, or ellys in thynneale, tyl that they be 
tendyr; thanne lake them and ley hem in a lynen cloth, and 
presse out the water tyl they be herd and drye ; than cut hem 
on pecys, and let hem drye op. 

For io make korn-gleio. — Take pecys of velym, and put hem 
in stondynge watyr to the tyme they be nere sothyn ; than 
streyne the watyr thorow a lynen cloth into a basyn, the thyk- 
nesse of half an enche ; and whan yt ys cold, cut yt owt in 
pecys, and put yt on a thredi and drye yt in the sunne. 

For to make dene thy boke ^yt he defowli/d or squared. — 
Take a schevyr of old broun bred of the crummy s, and rub 
thy boke therwith sore up and downe, and yt shal dense yt. 

For to make wernysch*- — Take a galou of good ale, and put 
thereto iij. ounces of gumme of Arabyke, and boyle a galon 
into a quarte, and kepe yt welle. 



Far to wryie ffolde,-^-Toke grey pomy^, grynde yt stnalle, 
temper yt with gleyre as rede ynke ys, and wryte therwilh ; 
and qwhan yt ys djye, rub theron gold or sylver, and as the 
metal ys so yt wylle be sene, and than borne yt with a tosch 
of a calA 

For to wryte secreisly thai no man kan rede yt. — ^Take 

gallys, and breke hem, and ley hem in stondyng watj^ a nyght ; 
wryte with that water, and let it drye, and whan thou wylt 
rede yt, take vytryole, and make yt in ponder ; put yt in a 
moyst cloth, and riib that thow hast wretyn, and yt shal apere 
that thow mayst rede yt. 

For to make glas bryght* — Take synderys and watyr, and 
temper hem togedyr, and rub l!ii glas, and yt schal be clere. 
Or ellys, take venegar and w^atyr raedelyd togedyr, and wasch 
thy glas therwyth. 



From a MS. in Ihe C&mbridgo University Ubmry, Gg. V. 35; of ibe 
eleventh centurjr, on veUum, 

Incipiunt versus agusdam Scoti de Alfabeto, 

A, Principium vacis vetemmque inventio prima, 
Nomen habens doniini, sum felix voce pelasga, 
Execrantis item dira interjectio dicor, 

B, Principium libri, mutis caput alter et ordo 
Tertia felicis vere sum sillaba semper ; 

Si me Grsece legas, viridi turn npLscor in horto. 

C, Principium cceli primis et luna figuris ; 

Et roe clems aniat, legeris si Greece Latin us* 
Liltera sum terrse pedibus prajscripta quaternis. 

D» Ablati casus vox sum, el pars septima linguae ; 
Omnitens nomen et habens us bannita juncta, 
Sum medium raille, et veterum quoque nota Deorum, 

E. Pars ego mutorum vere vocalis habebor ; 
Altera deceptre quondam sum mllaba matris ; 
Pars quoque sum plena, et vocri*^ quinta Latinae, 

F. Sepiisonus dicor, liquidis ut muta ministro ; 
Nescio quid caussc est cur me sic ebrius odit. 
Nox perit et tenebr®, si me de flumine toUas. 

G. Si solam legeris, tunc clarus Csesar habebor; 
Si duplicem legeris, Romanu.s prsesul habebor ; 
Post me quinta sonat parvum vocalis in ore. 

a£Ll(;i(JIv£ ikKTlQU£. 


H, Nomen habens vacuum, fragilem deporto fi^rara, 
Non nisi per versus mioBC manet ulla potestas ; 
Hoc tantuin valui Unguis spiramina ferre. 

I. Sura Humerus primus, juvenum contentio magna ; 
Spreta figura oiihi est etiani, sed mira potestas ; 
Me tamen hand dominus voluit de lege perire. 

K. Dux ego per primos primoD vocal is habebor, 
Meque meo penitus pepulerunt jure moderni; 
Nunc caput Afrorum oienii vel mensis haberi. 

L, Si me Graece legas; totura sine sorde videbis ; 
Nee frustra, quontam per carmina saepe liquesco. 
Sed tamen agricola in curvo me vertice portat, 

ftf . In raetris jugiter cum sim vocalibus esca, 
Suadeo de musis toUas me nongentricis, 
Ne atra figura tuos tenebris obfuscet ocellos* 

N. Vox sum certa sonans qua res monstratur adesse ; 
Tollere me multi quaerunt de nomine frustra. 
Vim quoque sic solitara phiteo de carmine prodens. 

O. Littera seepe choris sensum signata canentum, 
Curro vias mult as, manibus sed fixa manebo ; 
Perque meam forma m sapclorura vertitur ordo, 

P, Me sine nulla potest hominum concordia cerni ; 
Nota potentis eram plebis pr^scripta columnis ; 
Sic quoque nota fui patrum bis acripta prioium. 

Q, Sola mihi virtus vocalera vincere quintam ; 
Qua sine non nascor ego, banc occido nefande ; 
Qua propter juste memet re«?puere quatemae. 

R, Est nomen durum, sed virtus durior iilo ; 
Idcirco placuit me non mollire camaenis ; 
Nota tamen fueram populos vincentis et orbem. 

S, Nota fui patrum proprie et virtutis in odis, 

Sed modo jam melius domini sum nota secunda ; 
Et me Phcebus amat posuitque in ordine lucis, 

T. Augelus en voluit poni me in frontc gem en turn, 
Caetera turba neci miserae dum tota dabatur ; 
Te precor hoc legitans proprio me nomine signa* 

V* Forma manet semper, virtus mihi sed variatur ; 
Utraque sum vere nullo discrimine formse ; 
Nee me Graecus habet scriptam, s€?d me duo complent. 

X. Forma mihi simplex, sed certe duppla potestas. 
Acre me puro pr«escribit penna volantis ; 
Per me sfcpe patet numerus de lege sacratus. Finit. 




From a Manuscript in I he Library of St, Paul'tt Cathedral ; a mbcel- 
ItLoeoai theological volume of the fifteenth century, ander the prea^mark^ 

FoL 76, fo. 
To the chyld makytig, 

To the mailer of beryng, 

To the myght of his helpyiig, 

Throwh hym the world ys i-right 

Holdeii in myght and ryght* 
FoL 270, r^, 
Prayes to God sorofully to torgyff pw jowr syn ; 
Prayes to God inekely to hryng jow to blys that he is in ; 
Prayes to God hertly that he kep jow fro jowr enemys, 
That thay of jow the over home ne wyn. 

FoL 271, v^. 
I schalle pray for hys sowle, that God gyfT hym rest; 
And schalle hop for hys sowle, for that con I best. 
He wold nojt do for hymself whylys he was on lyve. 
And if I do for hys sowle, small raoste I thry ve. 

Wanne the hillus smoketi, 

Thaiine Babilon schal have an eende ; 
But whan they brenne as tho fyyr, 

Thanne eerthe schal henus weende ; 
Whenne tho watres rennen hem frooj 

The pepul schal turne to eerthe a^eyne; 
And yf ye bleden aboute over, 

Alle men schul be slayne, 



From MS* Trin. CoU* Cant. B. 15, 17, la^t leaf, of the reign of Edward IlL 

Crist made to man a fair present, 

His blody body with love y-brent. 

That blisful body his lyf hath sent, 

For love of man whom sin hath blent. 

O, love! love! what hastow ment? 

Me thynketh that love to wraththe is went. 

Thi loveliche hondes love hath to-rent, 

And thi lithe armes wel streyte y-tent ; 

Thi brest is bare^ thi body is bent, 

For wrong hath wonne, and right is shent. 


Thi mylde bones love hath to-drawe ; 
Thi nayles, thi feet ben al to-gnawe. 
The lord of love love hath now slawe. 
Whan love is strong, love hath no la we. 

His herte is rent, his body is blent, 
Upon the roode tree ; 
W rong is went, the devel is sheot, 
Crista thoryj the my^tof thee. 

For that herte is leyd to wedde ; 
Swich was the love that herte us kedde ; 
That herte brast, that herte bledde. 
That herte blood oure soiiles fedde. 

That herte he yef for treuthe of love ; 
Therfore in hym one is treive love. 
For love of thee that herte is } ove, 
Keep thou that herte, and thou art above, 

LovBj love, wlier shaltow wone I 
Thy wonyng stcde is thee bynonie. 
For Cristes that was thyn home, 
He is deed, now hastow none. 

Love, love, why dostow so ? 

Love, thow hrekest myn herte a-two. 

Love hath shewed his grete my^t ; 
For love hath maad day of the nyjt. 
Love hath slawe the kyng of ryjt, 
And love hath ended the stronge fy^t. 

So raiichel love was nevere noon ; 
That witeth ful wel Marie and Jhon, 
And also witeth thei everichon 
That love ivith hym is maad aton. 

Love maketh, Crist, thyn herte myn ; 
So maketh love myn herte thyn, 
Thanne shal my love be irewe and fyn. 
And love in love shal make fyn. Amen. 






Froin MS. Cotton. Julius F. X, tbL 154, & modern trantoiipt. 

Inter RGCord. de termioo &ancti HillnHi Anno Regni Regit Edwirdi 
Secuudi xviii^^- penes TtieB. et Camerar. Scnccarii Rem. inter ftlia conU- 
nentnr ate 

Qiarta Sancii Edwardi Regis 
de concessione baUivce siu^. 

Iche Edward Kynge 

Have yeoveii of my forest the keping. 

Of the Hundred of Chehiierant Daiising, 

To Randolph Peperking^ ant to his kyndljmg, 

With hart ant hyod, do ant bokke, 

Hare aot foxe, cat! ant brocke, 

Wild fowle with his flocke, 

Partrichei fesant heiiiie ant fesant cocke, 

With grene ant wilde, stob ant stokke, 

To kepen ant to yeojnen by all her myght 

Bothe by day [ant] eke by nyght ; 

Ant houndes for to holde, 

Gode ant swift ant bold, 

Four greyhoundes ant six raches 

For hare ant fox ant wilde cattes ; 

Ant therof iche made hym my book, 

Witnes the bisshop Wolston, 

Ant book-y-!ered many on, 

An Sweyn of Essex our brother, 

Ant teken hym many otlier» 

Ant OUT steward Howelyn 

That besought me for hvwi-'' 

G. /. A, 

• Thft word and k represented in tbefie linci iu the original bj a contrac- 
tion, eicept in lipe 10, where it ii spelt ant, a very common form in MSS. 
of the reign of Ed. IL— Wrt. 


From MS. Ee, II* SS, Bib, PubL Cantab., of the ihirleentb century. 

Quid est mulier 1 Amieitia inimica; inefFugabihs pa?na; 
jiecessarium malum ; naturalis temptatio ; desiderabilis cala- 
mitas ; domesticum periculum ; delectabile detrimentum ; mali 
nata, boni colore dipicta ; janua diaholi ; via iniquitatis ; 
scorpionis percussus notitiumque genus femina. Ex eis ab 
initio aucupatum est peccatum. 





From a MS. In the Cambridge Public Ubmry^ Hh. VI, 11| of the tliirteentb 

ccntary, on velldin. 

Hure fader, that art in hevene, blessed be thi name. 

Thin hob heveriche mote us cumen to frame, 

Thi wil be don in hevene and in erthe ii same. 

To day us yil ure bfli bred that ilke dai we craven, 

And foryif us onre dettes, so strange so we hes haven, 

Also we don alle men that in cure dettes aren, 

And lede us noht in fonding, bote silde us fro harm and fro 

And fro alle kennes iveles, thuruh thin hoH name. Amen. 

Heyl Marie! of grace i-fild, 
And of God himself i-teld, 
Blisceth be thu among wiramen, 
For thu art of Davi kinges kin, 
Blesced be the frut of thi wombe, 
For it is Goddes owene lombe. 


Prom MS. Ff, I. 6, Bib. Piibl. Cantub,, of the fiftccntli ceuUtry, 

My wooful! hert thus clad in payn 
Wote natt welle what do nor seyn, 

Longe absens grevyth me so; 
For lakke of syght nere and I fleyn, 
All joy myne hert hath in dissedoyn, 

Comfort fro me is go. 
Then thogh I wold me owght complain 
Of my sorwe and grete payn. 

Who shold comfort mc do ! 
Ther is nothinge can make me to be fayn, 
But the syght of hym agayn 

That cawsis my woo. 
None but he may me susleyn, 
He is my comfort in all payn, 

I love hym and no moo ; 
To hym I woll be try we and playn^ 
And evyr his owne in scrteyn, 

Tyll deth departe usi to. 
My liert shall I never fro hym refrayn, 
I gave hitt hym %ithowle constrayn, 

Evyr to contenwe so. 





From MS. Trin. ColL Camb, D. 14, 39, of tlie beginning of the thirteenth 
century. There was at&o a copy in M3. Cotton, Galba, A* xix. which un- 
fortunAtely perished in tfie fire. Wanley (p. 231) and ?pelman (Vit iElf. p. 
127) have preserved soine lines of it, which give »ome various refLdinga. 
There » another copy in'a Oxford, of which Sir Frederic Madden 
has kindly given a tmnscript, printed here at the foot of the pages. 

At Si ford e 

setiii kinhis monie, 

fele biscopis, 

J fele booc-lerede, 

herles prude 

J ciiites egleche. 

per was crl Alfred, 

of be lawe suij>e wis, 

1 neke Alfred 

Englene hirde, 

Englene derling; 

in Etikelonde he was king. 

hem he gon lerin, 

so we mugen t-heriii, 

whu we gure lif ledc sulin. 

Alfred he was in Eiikelonde a king, 

wel swi|jo strong 3 lufsum )?iiig. 

He was king "j cleric, 

fill wel he lovede Godis were ; 

he was wi?^ on his word, 

T war on his werke ; 

he was )?e wisiste mon 

|?ad was in Engelonile on. 

Ffom MS. Coll. Jes. Oxou. 1, '20, f**l. 202. 
Incipiunt documenta regis Alvredi* 

At S^vorde 

ft6te theyuea monye, 

fele bi scopes* 

and feole buk i-lered, 

torlet prute* 

knytet eglecbe. 

Thar we§ the eorl Alvrich 

ofthare lawe swithe wii», 

and ck Eah red, 

Englene hurde, 

Engleue dtirlyng ; 

on Englene londe he wes kyng. 

tieom be bi-gon l^re, 
fto ye itiawe i-hure, 
hw hi heore lif 
lede acholden. 

Alvred he we 5 in Englene loud 
and king wel ewithe strong ; 
he weu king jind he wiu clerek, 
wel he luvede Godes werk ; 
he we« WIS on his woidj 
and war ou his werke ; 
he wed the wysuste man 
that wea Engle loode on. 



IT bus quad Alfred, 

ene frowere : 
woldewe, mi ledeD, 
lustin guie bvird, 
-} he g\i wolde wissiii 
of wi[s]liche binges, 
gu we mistin m werelds 
wrsipe weld in, 
J Iieke gure salle 
same to Criste. 
Jiis weren be saweti 
of kinc Alfred : 
Armo ■) edie led in 
of livisdom, 
fjad we alle dredin 
gure dristin Crist, 
iovin him ^ likin, 
for he is tovird ovir lif. 
He is one God 
over alle godiiesse, 
■J he is gleues 
over alle glade))inhes ; 
he is one blisse 
over alle blitnesse ; 
he is one mones 
mildist maister ; 
he is one folkes 
fadir and frowere ; 
he is one ristewis, 
-] suo riche king, 
nat him sal ben wone 
no ping of is wille. 

Thus quetb Alvred, 
Englene trover ; 
Wolde ye, mi leode^ 
lusl^en ^iire toverde, 
he 6u wolde wywye 
wUliche Chiiiges ; 
bw ye myhte world et 
wrUufpea welde, 
and ek eure saule 
■omnen to Criste. 
Wyse were the wordca 
the »eyde the king Alvred, 

Mildetiche Ich tnuiiye) 
myne leove freond, 
povre aiid riche, 
leode myne, 
that ye alle adrdde 

lire dry h ten Criat, 

luvyen hine and lykyen ; 

for he IB loverd of lyf ; 

be ia one God 

over alle godnes^e i 

be is one gleaw 

over alle glednesse ; 

be is one bitsse 

over alle blksea ; 

be in one motinen 

mUdeBt mayater ; 

be is one folk eft 

fader and frover ; 

be la one H lit wis, 

and so riche king^ 

that him ne schal b«o wone 

nouM of hifl wlUe, 

WO him her on worolde 
wr}7in ]?enket. 

H bjis quad Alfred, 
Engleiie frovere : 
May no richc kiog 
ben oiider Crist selves, 
bote |>if he be booc-lerid, 
-} he writes wel keiine ; 
-j bote he cunne letteris, 
lokin him selven 
wu he sule his lond 
laweliche holdeti. 

% )jus quad Helfred: 
pe herl "] )?e he]?eling, 
J>o ben under )?e king, 
\te lond to leden 
mid lavelich i-dedin ; 
bojie l?e clerc ^ fe cuit 
demeu evenlichc rict. 
For after J>at mon souit, 
als suyich sal he moubi, 
"5 everiches monnes dom 
to his oge dure cherried. 

If Jjus quad Alfred : 

te cnith biovit 
erliche to cnouen, 
for to weriin |?e lond of here 
■J of heregong, 
^at |?e riche habbe gryt, 
J )?e cherril be in frit 
his sedis to souin, 
his medis to moweu, 

we bine Uer on worlde 
wrtiiie thencbetii. 

Tb«is queth Alvred, 
Englenc virover : 
fie may hob ry lit wis king 
antler Criflte seolven, 
but© if he beo 
in boke i-lered, 
and be bU wyttea 
twltbe wel kunne, 
and be cunne lettres 
lokie blm &eolf one, 
liw he scbule hia lond 
IttweUcbe holde. 

Thiis fiiietb Alvred: 
The eorl and the etbelyng 
i-burcth under g6dne king, 

that lond to Ifiden 

myd lawelyche deden ; 

and the clerek and tbe knyht, 

be flchuUe demen evelycbe rihtj 

the povre and tbe rycbe 

dumen i-lyche. 

Hwych BO tbe mon soweth, 

al swucb he schal mowe ; 

and evcruycbes monnes dom 

to hif owere dure cburreth. 

Than knybte bi-bovetb 

kenlicbe on to fdne, 

for 10 werie that lond 

with bnngf^r and with berinnge, 

that the ctdrecbe bnbbe gprytb, 

and tbe cheorl beo in frylh^ 

hti iiedea to so wen, 

bis jnedes to mowen^ 



his plouis to drivin, 
to ure aire bi-lif ; 
bis is J?e cniclis lage, 
loke }?at hit wel fare, 

f Jjiis quad Helfred ; 
Wid widutio wisdom 
is wele ful unwrd, 
for Jjau mon h[ad]de 
hunt sevinti acreis, 
■] he al heged sagin 
mid rede golde, 
7 |?e golde greu 
so gres deit on be rei)^e, 
ne were i.*. wele 
iiout he vur)>ere, 
bote ne him fremede 
frend y-werche. 
For wad is g[oldJ bute stoii, 
bale id habbe wis mon 1 

J)Us quad Alfred : 

S tilde nefere gugemon 

given him to huvele, 

JTOch he is gile 

wel ne Hke.., 

ne^ |?ech he ne welde 

al ]Jad he wolde ; 

and hb ploub beo i-drf ve^ 

to ure aire bihove. 

This is Ibes knybt^ la we, 

loke he ihal bit wel fare. 

Thtts quotli Alfred : 
Tbe moti the on bis jroubthe 
yeome leometli 
wit and wisdom, 
and 1-writen redeu, 
he may beon on elde 
wenliche lorlben. 
And tbe that nule one yoiihtbe 
yeome leomy 
wit and wy«t1om 
and i-writen rede, 
that him scbal on cide 
Bore re we, 

Thentie cumeth elde 
and nnheltbe, 
tbenne beoth his w^e 
ful wrotbe t-«ene, 
bo the heo beotb bi-swiket 
and eke bi beoth a-fiwutide. 

ThuB quetb Alvred. 
Wyth-ule wyBdoine 
is weole wel unwurtb ; 
for tbe J o mon ahte 
hunt seven U acreB, 
and be hi haddc i>sowen 
a lie ID yd rcade golde, 
and the gold ^^reowe 
BO gres dotb on eortbe, 
nere be for bis weole 
never the further, 
hute be bim of firumtbe 
fir eon d i-wrcbe* 
For hwat is gold bute ston, 
bule if bit baveth wismon ? 

Tbui queth Alvred : 

Ne scold e never yoagmoQ 
howycn to switbe, 
Iheih bim bis wysd 
wel ne lykie, 
ne tbeih he ne welda 
al that he wolde* 



for God may given wanne he wele 

gocd after yvil, 

wele after wrake ; 

ge wel him fet mot scapeii* 

I bus quad Alfred : 
[Stronjge it his to rogen 
agen ]?e se flod, 
so it is to swiiikin 
again hmesel}»e, 
*.ch is him aguepe 
|;e suinch was, 
wanen her on werlde 
wel|je to win lien, 
.*he muge on helde 
hednesse holdio, 
ne mist his wel|^e 
werchin Godis wille, 
*.e!ine his his guewe 
swijje wel bitogen. 

J)us quad Alfred : 

Gif yxi ha vest wel)>e a wold, 

i*wis gerlde ne }?in wil nevre for-)pi 

al to wlonc wur-ben. 

[Ah]te nis non eldere streii, 

ac it is Godis love, 

wanne hitis his wille, 

wer fro we sullen wenden, 

•J ure ogene lif 

mid sorw letin, 

]?anne scnilen ure fon 

to ure fe gripen, 

welden ure madmes, 

*] lutil us bimenen. 

f J>us quad Alfred 
Monimon wenit 
)?at he wenen ne 

For God nmy ycre thenne he wmle 

god a*ter uvele, 

weoie after wo we ; 

wet is him that bit l-schapeQ is. 

Thus fiey th Alvred : 
Strong bit is to reowe 
ayeyji the see that flowcth, 
«o hit if to swynke 
ayeyn niiylimpe. 

The roon the on hU you hi he 8wo 


and worlcle* weole her i-wiuth, 

that he may on elde 

idelncsse holde, 

and ek myd hia worIde» w€ok 

god i-quum« er he quele, 

youthe and al that he haveth Mrow« 

is tbeunc wel bi<towe» 

Thtts queth Alvred ; 
Monymon weneth, 
that he wetio ne tharf, 



longer livis, 

ac him seal legon |?at wrench ; 

for wanne he is 1 if aire bcsle trowen^ 

benne sal he letin lifhis ogene, 

Nis no wurt woxen 

on woode no on feldc, 

)>et evvre muge ]?e lif up helde. 

Wot no mon be time 

wanne he sal nenne rimen, 

nc no inon pan hende 

wen he sal hemie wenden. 

Drittin hit one wot, 

domis lovirdi 

wenne we ure lif 

letin scull en. 

f pus qund Alfret : 


eve }?u l?e nout to swij^e 
up |?e se flod ■ 

gif |7U fmwest madines monie, 
P moch gold 'J silvir, 
it sollen wurj^en to nout, 
to duste it sullin driven. 
Dristin sal livin evre ; 
monimon for is gold 
havid Godis eire^ 
P |>uruch is silver 
is saulle he for-Iesed. 

longer lyTM, 

ac liim tyeih the wrench ; 

for thaime bii lyve* 

aire best luvetle, 

Uienne lie tclial l^ten 

lyf hirf owe. 

For Dys no wrt apiryndc 

a wurle ne a veltle, 

thai ever tnuwe thoa feye 

furth ap-boWe- 

Not tio mon thi?ne lyme 

liwanne he schal heonue turue j 

tie no mon thene Mide 

hwenne he schal lieonne weade ; 

Dryhlea hit oue wot, 

cloweihe^ Iov<'rcl, 

hwnnne are lif 

leiei) frcbaJe, 

Thusqueth Alvred: 
Yf thu seolver and gold 
yeftt and weld est in Uib world, 
never ujjen eorttie 
to wloTik thti ny wrthe, 
Ayhte nys aon ildre i-stre*jii ; 

ac hit IB Godes love, 
hwariiie it h bb wilte, 
thar of we schaUe wende, 
and ure owe lyf 
tnyd ane for-Ieten, 
thatine schalle are i-fon 
to ure voqIi gnpen^ 
weldea are maylhetiet, 
and letea us by h hide. 

Thus* qaeth Alvred ; 
Ne i Iff thu noaht to fete 
up{je the si-e that floweth* 
If" tliu huftit iiMadmeE» 
mtiriye and i-uowe, 
gold ami setjiver, 
hit schal fsnyde to noaht ; 
to dusle Idt sthal rlry ven* 
Dryliten sclial libl>en evere- 
Monymon for hia f^old 
havi'fh Godes urre, 
and for his *t»tdver 
h> in iseolve for-ycrinuth, 
for^yelelh nud fur-lesetlu 


f}U3 quad Alfred : 
ustlike lystine 
. . lef dere, 

^ icli hex gu \ville leren 
wenes mine, 
wit ^ wisdome, 
pe alle wel]?e on ure god, 
sikcr he may, 
3 hwo hem nu senden, 
Forboch his wele|je him at-go, 
is wid ne wen him iievvere fro* 
Ne may he newir tbr-farin, 
hwo him to fere haveth, 
h wills fat is lif 
lesten may. 

pus quad Alfred : 
gif Jul havist sorwe, 
ne say fu hit |>ln arege ; 
seit |?iu sadilbowe, 
-J ndpe singende. 

janne sait )?e mon 

mt ti wise ne can, 

>ad j>e hine wise 

we I J>e likit. 

Sorege gif ]m havist, 

-J ten arege hit sed, 

bi-foreii he J?e bimeixeil, 

bi-hindin he J>e scarned. 

|>u hit mist seien swich mon, 

]>ad it )7e ful wel on, 

B«terc him t»y come 
l-boren that lie n^re. 

Thus quetU Alvred : 
Lu4t«lb ye me, leocle, 
ower i& the neode, 
antl icli en wille l^re 
wU aud wisdom 
llial alle tbin^ over gotb, 
Bjrker he may sitte 
the hyne huteth to i-%*ere ; 
for tbeyh bid eylite him a-go, 
tiii wit ne a-gotb hym never mo. 
For ne mwy lie far-varet 
the hyne havetb to vere, 
the wile bis owe lyf, 

i-leste mote* 

Thus qaetb Alvred : 
If Ibu havest seorewe, 
ne teye thu bit nouht than are we, 
Seye hit tbtne «adel-bowc, 
and ryd the singinde forth ; 
tbtjiine wele wene, 
tbet I bine wise ne con, 
th»t tile tbiiii? wise wel lyke. 
Berewe if tbn huvesi, 
and the erewe liit wol| 
by-fore be the monetbi 
by-hynde be the teletb. 
Thu hit my hi seg|$e swyhc^mon^ 
that Lhe ful wel on, ANTiatJA. 


swich mon )?u maist seien pi sor, 
he wolde }?ad ]?u hevedest nior* 
fbr-bi hit in ]?in herte . , . one, 
for-nele hit wid ]nn arege. 
Jet pu nevere pin arege witin 
al Jjer )?in herte |?enket» 

II bus quad Alfred : 

Wis child is fadiris blisse, 

Gif it so bitidit 

Jiat pu chil weldest, 

pe wile t?at hit is litil 

p\i len* him mon n is ]?ewis ; 

Jjanne hit is woxin, 

he sal wenne |?erto ; 

Jeanne sal pe child 

pas pe bet worj^en. 

Ac gif |>ti les him welden 

al his owene wille, 

Jeanne he comit to helde, 

sore it sal him re wen ; 

J he sal bannfi |>at widt 

|>at him lirst tagte^ 

hanne sal |^i child 

hi forbod over-gangin. 

Beter pe pere child 

|>at Jju ne havedest ; 

for betere is child unborcn, 

Jjenne unbeten. 

f Jjus quad Alfred : 
Drunken -y undrunkin 
e|jer is wisdotne wel god, 
^arf no mon drinkin ^e lasse 
}?an he be wid ale wis ; 
ac he drinkit 
^ desiet |>ere a morgue, 
so Jjat he for-drunken 
desiende werchet. 
He sal ligen long a nicht, 
Hlil sal he sclepen ; 
him sugh sorege to, 

wyth-ute eclipre ore, 

he on the mticbele more ; 

by-liuil hit on thire heortt, 

ihat the eft ne ameorte; 

ue let thu hyne wite, 

td that ihiuc heorte by-wite> 



SO de^ |je salit on fles 
suket huTU is liche^ 
so dot liche blod ; 
3 his morge sclep 
sal ben umchilesdn, 
werse ye swo on even 
yvele naved y-dronken* 

f bus quad Alfred ; 

e sal }ju pi wif 
bi hire wlite chesen, 
ne for ivon athte to |>ine bury 
bringen her, }?u hire costes cu)?e ; 
for moni nion fer athte 
ivele i -hasted. 
^ ofte mon on faire 
fokel chesed. 
Wo is him ]?at ivel wif 
brinhit (o iscot-lif ; 
so his olive, 
j?ai ivele wived, 
for he sal him often 
dreri maken, 

IT J) us quad Alfred : 

Wur]?u nevere swo wod, 
ne so drunken, 
|>at evere sai |ju )?i wif 
al ]mi hi wille be. 
For hit hue segen ]>e 
biforeo )>inc ibnien alle, 
-} J>u hire mit worde 
wraged havedest, 

Thtia quetli Alvred : 
Ke flchal tu nevere tbl w!f 
by hlnj wlyte clieose ; 
for never n6oi* thinge 
I hat heo to the bryngetli. 
Ac leorne hire cuate, 
heo catheth hi wel sone. 
For monynioii for ay hie 
uvcle i'nuliteth ; 
and 0^1* inon of fayre 
f^kele i*cheo»eth* 
Wo U him that uvel wiT 
bryng«th to his coUyl i 
su him ia a IjitCf 
that uveley-wyveth ; 
for he ichal uppen egrthe 

dreori i-wuHhe. 
Moiiymon gingeth, 
that wiriium bryiigcth ; 
wiato he hwat he brouhte, 
we pen he iiiyhte. 

Thus quetb Alvred ; 
Ne wurth thti never fto wod, 
ne BO wyn dmnke, 
that 6vere soprge tliine wife 
alle thine wille^ 
For if !hu i-seye tlie bi-vore 
thine i*vo alte, 
and thn hi myd worde 
i-wreihthed hevcdeut> 




he ne sold it leten 

for ]?inkti livihinde, 

JTflt he ne solde )?e up-breidin 

of bioe bale sij»es. 

Wimon is word wod, 

^ havit tunke to swist, 

j>ane he hire selve wel wolde, 

ne mai he it no wit welden. 

^ ])us quad Alvered : 
wurj?u nevere so wod, 
ne so desi of pi mod, 
J»ad evere sige I?! frend 
al pRi |>e likit, 

ne alle pe bonkes 

!>at pu l^ocli havist ; 
or ofte sibbie men 

foken hem bitiienen, 
'} ef it so bilimpit 
lo.*e pSLi ge wurjjen, 
|jamie wot pi fend 
bad her wiste pi frend. 
Betere pe bicome 

in word were helden, 
br)>am ne mud mamelit 
more jjanne hit solde, 
|>anne sculen his heren 
ef it i*heren, 

f bus quad Alvred : 
Mani mon wenit 
bat he wenin ne pn.Tt, 
nrend ]?ad he habbe, 
per mon him faire bi-hait, 
seiel him faire bi-foren, 
fokel at henden. 

So mon mai wel pe longest helden, 
giv bu nevere leven alle monnis spechen, 
ne alle pe ]?inke 
]>at pa herest sinken ; 
for moui mon havit fikil mod, 
^ he is monnecuS, 

■tic fcholde lieo hit Iet« 
for thing lyvymde, 

t ti n t beo ti e tcho 1 de the forth up-br^de 
of thine bftleu »ythes. 

Wymmon is word-woth, 
and h^veth tuu^e to gwlHt ; 
theyh heo wel wolde, 
ne may heo hi nowiht welde* 



Ne saltu nevere knewen. 

wanne he )?e wole bipechen. 

bus quad Alvred : 

Mooi appel is wid-uten grene, 

brit one leme, 

J bittere wid-iiinen. 

So his inoni wimmon 

in hire faire bure, 

schene under schete, 

^ )?ocke hie is in an stondes wile. 

Swo is moni gadeling 

g-odelike on horse, 

wlanc on werge^ 

3 unwur)> on wike. 

f bus quad Alvred : 

dilscipe •} orgal prude, 
}>at lerit gong wif 
lej?ere )?ewes, 
3 often to Jienchen 
don bat he ne scolde* 
Gif he for-swuken, 
swoti byere swo hie ne )JOchte, 
ac }?ocn hit is ivel to bewen 
)jat tertre ben ne wille ; 
for ofte mused fe catt 
after the moder. 

Wose lat is wif liis maister wur^en, 
sal he never ben Ms wordes loverd ; 
ac he sal him rare dreige, 
■] moni tene scUiche ha wen ; 
selden sal he ben on sele. 

TliuB que til AlfVed ; 
Ideltichipti and over pnite, 
thiit leretb yong mruveic thewes^^ 
atid ofte that wolde do, 
that lieo ne scholde, 
theiie itiitheu niite, 
lelen hvo myhte. 
I f heo ofte a swote 
for~8Wunke were, 
ihejh hit is uvel to buwe 
that beo vule treowe. 
For ofte my^eth the k&l 
af\er hire moder. 
The moti that lei wymmon 
his mayster i-wurthe^ 
lie schul be Dever bcou i-hurd 

hiB wordes loverd ; 

ae heo hine schal steome 

to-trajen and tt>-le6ne ; 

and selde wurth he blythe and gledp 

the moD that U his wives qtied. 

Mony appel tabrybt with-ute, 

and bitter with-inne ; 

BO is moiiy wymmon 

on byre fader bure, 

schene under schete, 

and theyb heo is ocheodful ; 

so i» mony gedelyng 

goillycbe on horse i 

ttiid is theyh lutel wurth : 

wlonk bi the glede, 

and uvel at lliare neode. 


IT pus qoad Alfreverd : 
Gif ]>u trend bi-gete 
mid yi fre bigete, 
loke y^i J?ii him |?ein€ 
mid alle ]?e uues )?ines, 
loke ]?at he be be mide 
bi-foren -} bi-hinden, 
ye bett he sal Jje reden 
at alle yine neden, 
■] on him yu maist pe tresten, 
!?)£ is iToyye degh. 
Ac gklya havist a frend to day, 
■J to moreuin drivist him auei, 
J?enne bes l?u one, 
al so y\j her were ; 
■] J?anne is yi fe for-Ioren, 
-} pi frend bo)?eji* 
betere )?e bicome frend 
)?at yn newedest* 

f Jjus quad Alfred : 
|jurch sage mon is wis, 
5 ymrh selfje mon is gleu, 
ymch lesin mon is lo*^, 
-] bumh Iu|»€re wrenches unwurj?. 
■^ nokede honden make |7eii mon 
is hewit to lesen. 
Ler yn J>e never 
over mukil to leyen ; 
ac loke Jjine nexte, 
he is alo nede god ; 
;j frendchipe o werlde 
fairest to wurchen, 
wid povere ^ wid riche, 
wid alle men i-liche, 
|>anne maist yu sikerliche 
seli sittin, 
*] faren over londe» 
hwar so bet yi wille. 

f ^us quad Alvred : 
Gif yn havist duge, 
*) dncheo ye senden, 
ne yeng yn nevere yi lif 
to naiTuliche leden^ 
ne l^ine faires 




to faste hoi den. 

For wer hachte is hid, 

|?er is arm]je i-noch ; 

J siker ich it te saige^ 

letet gif J>e liket, 

swich nioti mai after be (?i god welden, 

ofte binnen ]nne bune 

bh}»e wenden, 

|jad he oe wele hereii 

mid eiin]>e monegen ; 

ac evvere him of-|jinket, 

|>eii he }je )>enked. 

f bus quad Alvred ; 

Tretu noth to swij?e 

Jfe word of J?ine wive ; 
or Jeanne hue bed i-wuar|?ed (1) 
mid wordes oj^er mid dedes, 
wimmon weped for mod 
ofter |?anne fro eni god, 
^ ofte lude j stille 
for to wurchen liire wille* 
Hyeweped ojjcr wile, 
yen hue |?e wille biwilen. 
Salamon hid hawit i-sait, 
hue can moiii y vel reid. 
Hue Be mai hit non o|>ir doD, 
for wel herhche hue hit bi-gan. 
be moil )?ad hire red folewi]?, 
ne bringe]? him to seruge ; 
for hit is said in !ede, 
cold red is quene red. 
Hi ne sawe it nocht bi ^mi, 
J?at god ying is god w'immon ; 
ye mon Jrad michte hire cnoswen, 
^ chesen hire from o]?ere. 


Thus queth Alf^d : 
Evre tbii be thine lyve, 
the word of thine wy ve 
to swithe thu ne ar6de, 
If heo beo i-WTCththed 
myd worde other rayd dede, 
uymmori wepeth for mod 
oftere thftu for eny god | 
and i^fte lude and stUle 
for to vordrye hire wille, 
Heo wepeth other liwiie 
for to do the gyle. 
Salomon hit ha vet h i-sed. 

that wymmon can wel tivelne red : 

the hire red foleweth, 

heo bryngelh hine to seorewe, 

For hit «eyth in the loth, 

as Btrumes for-teoth ; 

hit ia i-fum i^seyd, 

thet cold red is quene red ; 

hu he Is vulede 

that folewcth hire rede. 

Ich hit nc »ef ge nouht for than 

that god thing nya god wymmon^ 

the mon the hi may i-cheose, 

and l-covcre over otbrc. 

^^^^^^^^H^* 183 ^^1 

^^^^^^H f bus quod Alfred : 
^^^^^^H Be hvL iievere to I 


mhi m 

^^^^^H to c liden agen oui scoM, ^^| 

^^^^^^H ne mid mani tales 


^^^^^^H to chiden all 

? dwales. ^^M 

^^^^^^H Ne nevere j>ii bi^ 


^^^^^^1 to lellin 


^^^^^^1 at tieverc nones monnis Ix^rd ; ^^1 

^^^^^^B ne hawe pu to felc 

word. ^^H 

^^^^^H ]>e wise inon mid fewe word ^^| 

^^^^^H can fele biluken 


^^^^^^ ^ sottis bold is sone i-scoten. ^^H 

Thus qiicth Alvred ; 

Thui queth Alvreil : V 

Monymon weiieth, 

Alle world ayhto ^_^B 

lliiLt he weny Be tharf, 

Bhiille bi-cumen to nouhte, ^^H 

freoBtl that he babbe, 

and uyeheB eunnea madmes ^^H 

fhar Die him vayre bi-hal, 

to mixe schulon i-multen, ^^H 

seyth him vayre bi*vore 

and ure owe lif ^^H 

fuid frakele bi-hynde ; 

lutfl hwile Reste. ^^H 

BO me may thime lothe 

For theyh o mon wolde ^^^H 

1etigii£t l<!dc. 

al the worlde, ^^H 

Ne i'lef thu nev^r thane mun, 

and al the wunne ^^H 

that is of feolc spechc ; 

the thar inne wunyeth, ■ 

i ne allc the t hinge 

ne myhtc he thar myde his lif ^^B 

that thu i-hereat fiinge* 

none hwile holde. ^^^| 

' Many mou haveth i»wikeliie muth, 

Ac at he achat for-letcu ^^H 

1 miJde and moniie for-ctith ; 

on a lUel slnnde ; ^^^| 

nole he the cutJie, 

and »chal ure bliad€ ^^^| 

1 hwctine he the wule bi-kache. 

to balewe us i-wurthe, ^^H 

bute if we wurcheth H 

, Thus qiieth Alvrcd ; 

wyllen Criste». ^^H 

Ihurh sawe mon is wIb, 

Nu blthenrhe we thanne m sehe, ^^H 

and thurh hwi elthe mon U gleu ^ 

ure lif to leden^ ^^^| 

thurb lesingo mou is Joth, 

flo Crkt UB ficyii^^th lere ; ^^^| 

ond thurh luthrc wrenchei and un- 

thanne mawe we weneu ^^^M 

wiif tb ; 

that he wule ua wrthie. ^^^H 

! and thurh hokede honde thai he 

For so seyde 5^alonioii the wine, ^^^| 


the mon thnt hrr wel deth^ ^^^| 

him seolve he for-varetb. 

he CAimeth thiir he lyen foth ^^^| 

From lesyiige thu the wune. 

on his lyves eade> ^^^| 
he bit achal a-vynde. ^^H 

; and alle untbewesihu tfaebi<B€!iyii<* j 

fio myht thu on theo^le 

leof beon in aUe leode. 

Thus quetb Alvred ; ^^H 

And luve thyne nextej 

Ke ^bhe thu. ne achotte, ^^^^ 

he is at the neodegod ; 

ne chid thu wyth none sotle ; ^^H 

at chepynge and at chyreche, 

ue fnyd nianyea cunnea tales ^^H 

freond thu the i-wurch«, 

ne chid thu with nenne dwales ; ^^H 

wyth ^ov ere and with ricbo. 

ne never thu ne bigynne ^^H 

with alJe nmnne i-Iyehe ; 

to telle thine tythinges ^^H 

thanne myht thu ^IkcTtiche 

at noncd frcuiannrs horde, ^^^| 

»ely sytle, 

11 e have Ihu to vaW worde. ^^^| 

and ck Taren over lf»nd, 

IVJid ft^we worde wiaiiJion ^^^| 

b^ hwidej so bcoth Ihi wille. 

r4?le biluken wel con ; ^^^ 

and sottcfl holt ia aone i^scohte j ^^H 


For-|?i ich telle him for a dote, 
>ad sait al is y-wille, 
lanne he sulde ben stille : 
:br ofte tuoke brekit boii, 
3 oavid hire sehve iioo, 

f bus quad Alvred : 
Elde cumid to tune, 
mid fcle unkej?c costes ; 
•3 do|je })e man to helden, 
bat liim sehve ne maihe him noch welden. 
Hit makit him wel unmeke. 
"3 binimit him is miste. 
Jif it swo bitidcd, 
fat ]Hi her so longe abidist, 
-) fn in |>ine held werldes 
wel]?e weld est, 
n du3e]?e ^iv pu delen 
nne dere frend^ 
iwile ]?ine dages dugen, 
~) ]>u |je selwen live niowc. 
Have y\i none ieve 
to pe ]?ad after ye bilevotl, 
to sone ne to douter, 
ne to none of Jjine foster. 
For fewe frend we sculen fi nden, 
>anne we henne funden : 
br he }?at is ute bi-Iokein 
le is inne sone for-geten. 

% Thus quad Alvred : 
Gif {?u i yin hulde best 

for^thl kh holde bine for dote 
that »iiyth al his wille^ 
thariQe he ectiolde beon atiUe : 
for ofte ttioge brekelb boa, 
Ibeyli heo Beolfnabb^ noa. 

Tliiift *iiiel!j Alvered : 
Wis child id fader hlbse, 
that thu bern i-btde^t, 
the hwite bit l» lutel 
ler hiin mon thewes ; 
thaune bit ia wexjnde 
hit sclinl we tide thar to, 
the betere bit scbal l-wurthe 
ever buven eorthe* 
Ac if thu him leit welde^ 
werende on world e, 
lude Btid stille, 

bin owene wiUe ; 

hwanne cumetb ealde, 

ne mybt thu hyne a- w elde, 

tfaannc deth bit aone 

that the bitb uti^y-queme ; 

ofer-howeth tbiu i^botd, 

and inaketh the ofte sory mod^ 

Betcre the were 

i-boren that be nere ; 

for bet*?re is t'hild unbore, 

thane tinbub&um. 

The moil the Bpareih yeordc, 

and yoi}f e chitde ; 

and let bit arulye^ 

Ibttt bi^ bit arecbe ne may ; 

that him ftcbul on ealde 

sore reowe* Amen. 

ExpUHunf dictm regis Altredi* 

wel)?es bi-delifl, 

"] bu lie cuimc pe leden 

mid none ciinnes list is, 

ne Jju ne moge mid strengho 

pe selwen steren, 

l^aiine J>anke |?i loveril 

of alle IS love, 

7 of allc Jnme owene live» 

-} of f?e dagts lichf , 

^ of alle nmrj?e 

^ad he for nioii makede. 

J hweder so |m hwendes, 

sei |?ii ateii eiide, 

wrjje |>ad i-vvur|>e, 

i-wur)?e Godes willo. 

% J)us quad Alvred : 
werldes weljje 
la wurmes seal wur]>i*?n, 
-y alle cunne madmes 
to nocht suleii meUeii, 
-J J?ure II f sal Intel lasteii. 
For |?u mon weldest 
al J?i^ middellert, 
^ alle )?e \vel)?e 
^ad J?e inne woiiit, 
ne imst Jm Jji lif lengen 
none wile, 

bote al bu it salt leteu 
one I u tele stiinde, 
J fil \n blisse 
to bale sal i-\vurbeii, 
bote l^if }7U u urcne 
wille to Criste. 

For bij?eng |?e we mus us sohven 
to ledeu urc lif, 
so God us g inn id leten, 
penne muge we wenen 
j>rid he us wile wnrjien. 
For ?wo saide Salomon, 
|>e wi>:o Salomon : 
wis is J^ad we I Ao\f 
hwile he is in |?is werld, 
bo]> eve re at ]>en ende 
he coinid |^er he hit findit. 




pns quad Alvred : 

Soue mill svvo leve, 

site me iiu Lisides, 

3 hicli J?e wile sageii 

so|je |>ewes. 

Sone min, ich fala* (sic) 

]?ad min hert falewid)?, 

^ min wlite is wan, 

^ min herte woe, 

mine dagis? arren nei done^ 

•J we sulen unc to delen ; 

wendeii ich me sal 

to |>is nbir iverlde^ 

-} |?u salt bileveni 

in alle mine wel|?e. 

Sone min, ich ]?e bldde, 

|m ard mi barin derc, 

^ad |m ]n Mck bo fader, 

*} for loverd ; 

fader be |>ii wid child, 

J be J>u wiidewi.s fiend, 

|>e arme gume |ju froveren, 

■5 |?e woke gume )?u coveren, 

]>e wronke giv%T* \m ristin 

mid alle }jine iiiif^tin ; 

"3 let the sime mid lane, 

3 lovvienbe sulen Dn;ten^ 

-] ower alle obir |7inke 

God be ];e fiil minde, 

J bide Jmd he j^e rede 

at alle ]?iHe dedis. 

]}e bet sal |)e filsten 

to don al j^ine wilU\ 

J)us quad Alvred : 
Sone niivi so dcrc, 
do so irii |?e lere ; 
be ]nt wis on ]n word^ 
-} war o l^ine speche, 

t^enne sulen Jje lowien 
eden alle. 

pe gunge mon do {?u lawe, 
bad helde lat is lood hawen. 
Drunken mon })if j>u mestes^ 
in weis o]>er in stretes^ 
"pu gef him fe weie reme 
•) let him ford gliden. 



Jjenne mist p\i J)i lond 
iiiit frendchipe he 1 den. 
Sorie, )?u best bus )?e fot 
of bismare word, 
3 bet him si wen Jjer mide, 
^ad him givve to smerten. 
^ baren, ioli ]re bidde, 
f»if Jtu on bene lie sitthest, 
J |?u j>en beuir hore sixst 
be bi-foren st«!iden, 
buch l?e from |?i sete, 
3 bide him sone ))er to, 
^anne welle he sawin 
sone one his ^vorde, 
wel worbe |;e wid, 
j?ad |>e first taite. 
Sete ]?aane scilnn 
besiden him selven, 
for of him Jm mist leren 
listes ^ fele |?eues, 

{}e haldure hn mist ben; 
or lere )ju nis reides, 
for the heldermon me mai of riden, 
betere |>enne of reden. 

IT J>iis quad Alvred : 
Sone min so dere, 
ches |?u nevere to fere 
}>en iuj^ere lusninde mon, 
foT he J?e will wrake don. 
From be wode pn micht te faren 
wid wiiisi ^ wid annes ; 
ac banne |?u hid lest wenest, 
]?u lu]?ere ]^e biswiket. 
])e Heche bitit ille, 
Jjan he berke stille. 
So deit )>e lusninde !a]>ere mon, 
ofte ben he darit don, 
an lie be mjputen stille, 

3e bit wibinin hille, 
^ a! he bi-fulit his frend, 
]?en he him unfoldit* 

f bus quad Alvred : 
Lewe sone dere, 
ne ches j;ii nevere to fere 

!jen hokerfule lese raon, 
or he |>e wole gile dnn ; 


he wole stelin )?in haite j keren, 

3 listeliche on-suerren ; 

60 longer he nole be bi, 

he nole brinhin on -j ttienti 

to nout, for sofe ich IcUit j?e : 

•} oj^er he u^ole h|7en ^ hokerfd ben, 

}?LLru hoker j lesing }?e aloj^ed 

alle men t>ttl hen y-cnowed. 

Ac min ]?e to be astablc mon, 

|mt word ■) deae bi-setle con, 

•] inultoplien beure god, 

a sug fere )?e Ms help in niod* 

f J)ua quad Alvred : 
Leve sooe dere, 
ne ches )>u nevere to fere 

littelo mon, oe long, ne red, 
|nf ]>u \v\d don after mi red, 

% Jje luttele mon he his so rei, 
ne mai non him wonin nei ; 
so word he wole him selven teir, 
?at his lovird maister he wolde beir ; 
)ute he mote himselven pruden, 
16 wole maken fule luden ; 
:ie wole grennen, cocken, -} chiden, 
"3 hewere faren mid unluden. 
|)if |?ii me wld i-leven, 
ne mai me never him quemen. 

f ]>e lonke mon is lel^e hei, 
selde com id is herte rei ; 
he havit stoni herte, 
no bing him ne smerte]; ; 
bi lord dages he is aferd , 
of sticke 3 ston in huge \verd- 
bif he fallit in pQ fen, 
he bewit ut after men; 
bif heslit in to a dige, 
ne is ded %viterliche. 

f be rede mon he is a quet ; 
for he wole |?e ]>in uvil red ; 
he is cocker, ]?ef, -} horeling, 
ficolde^ of wrechedome he is king* 
Hie ne sige notit bi j;an, 
j?at moni ne ben gentile man ; 
burn yin lore *} genteleri, 
ne amendit huge companie* 





•I iSino. volume of the end of the 14th cenlaryi in the possession of 
C. W. Lo6comb<', E»q. 

Maystris that uthyth blode letyng, 

And therwyth giteth ^owr levyjjg. 

Here \e may lere wysdom ful gode, 

In what place je schulle let blode 

In man, woman, and in childe, 

For evelys that hen wyk and wilde. 

Weynis ther ben .xxx> and two 

That on a man mot ben undo ; 

.xvj. in the hcved ful rijt, 

And .xvj. benelh in jow i-pyjt. 

In what place thay schal l>e founde, 

I schal 30 w telle in a slounde. 

Besydisthe ere ther beu two, 

That on a man mot ben undo 

To kepe hys heved fro evyl turnyug, 

And fro the scalle, wythout lesyng. 

Two at the templys thay mot blede 

For stoppynge of kynde, as I rede. 

And on is in the mydde for-hevede, 

For lepre saasfleme mot blede. 

Abo we the nose thare is on. 

For fuethynge mot be undon ; 

And also whan eyhen ben sore, 

And for resyng gout everemore. 

Two they ben at the eyhen ende, 

Whan they beth blcryt for to amende, 

And for that coineth of smokynge, 

I wol tel yow no lesynge, 

At the holle of the ^rot Iber ben two, 

That for lepre and streyt breyt mot be undo. 

In the lyppys .iiij. ther ben gode to bledene. 

As 1 yow telle now bydene 

Two by the eyhen abowen also, 

I telle yow there ben two 

For sor of tho niowthe to blede, 

What byt is I fynde a,s I redo. 

Two under the tongue wythout lese 

Mot blede for the sqiiynase ; 

And whan the townge is akynge 

Throat eny maner swollynge. 

Now I ha we tole of ,xvj. 



That longeth to the heved, I weyn ; 
Of as many I schal yow say, 
That hnl were bet, in fay. 

In every harme ther ben fywe 
Gode to blede to man and wyve, 
Sepkelica is that on i-\vys, 
The heved weyn i-clepyt is. 
That body apleyt and the heved, 
He clansyt tro that iile weyd. 
In the by^t of the harme also 
Ano^yr hys that mot be ando, 
Basel^ca hys name is, 
Ley the he setyt thare i-wys; 
Forsothe he clansyt the lyvere aryt, 
And alle the membrys benethe astreyt^ 
The medyl weyn betuen hajii two 
The coral is cleppyl also ; 
That veyn clansit wythoute doute 
Abowe, beynthe, witliin and without. 
Fro hasylica, that I of tolde, 
A branche veyn spryngeth up ful bolde ; 
To the thownie goth that on branche. 
The cardiacle he wol stanche ; 
That other branche fal ry^t goyt 
To the lytil fyngere, without aooyt, 
Hy t is a weyn of noble fame, 
Saha tell . . . ♦ is hys name. 
There is no veyne that clansyt so dene 
Stoppynge of ly ver ne of spleue, 
Bynetne the knokelys of the fete 
Wyth two weynis thow myjt mete, 
Wythin settyt domestical 
W}lhoute settyt sahalica ; 
Dmnistica clanseth ful welle 
The blader within every delle, 
Salvatica withoute dowte 
Clenseth ful wel for the goute* 
A woman schal in the harme blede 
For stoppyng of hure flowrys at nede ; 
A man schal blede ther also 
The eraeraudis for to undo ; 
Thys veynis jyf thu use as I yow say, 
The fever quarteyn thu schal do away. 


* A letter or two seem to b€ erased after tcU^ thougb 1 noi not sure that 
I here is miy uiijIe^iMO. 



be veynis tliat I have tolde, 
Thay clanseth bothe xouge and olde ; 
?yf thow thys use at ihi nede, 
or the evelys dar ^e no^t drede, 
So that oure Lordc be helpyng, 
That al hath in goverayng. 
Explicit ars feohotimandi secundum Cambridge ei Oxon* 



From the English Ireadse de Fistula in Ano, In ACS* Sloan* 66a, fol 1^4, 

T*. of the fifteenth century. This ifl one of the best mannscripta of the 
English version, and I am indebted for the choice of it to the potiieneds of 
one of the keepers of the ?if anu^ripts in the British Museum^ who also in- 
formed me that, npon coilation of a gre&t number of manuscripts} he bad 
found that this tract is only a portion of a larger treatise. 

Johan Arderne fro thf^ first pestelence that was in the yere 
of our Lord 1349, duelled in Newerke in Notinghamschire 
unto the yere of our Lord 1370, and ther I helid many men 
oifatida in ano ; of which the first was Sir Adam Everyng- 
ham of Lax ton in the Clay by side Tukkesford, whiche Sir 
Adam for solhe was in Gascone with Sir Henry that tyme 
named herle of Derby;, and after wai? made Duke of Lancastre, 
a noble and worthy lord. The forsaid Sir Adam forsoth suffer- 
* endjishdam. in ano, made for to aske coun*=^ell at all the lechez 
and corurgienz that he myghte fynd in Gasconej at Burdeux, 
at Briggerac, Tolows, and Ncyybon, and Peyters, and many 
other placez, and all forsoke hym for uncurable; vvhiche y-se 
and y-herde, the forsaid Adam hastied for to tome home to his 
contree, and when he come home he did of al his knyghtly 
clothings, and cladde mournyog clothes in purpose of ahy- 
dyng dtssolvyng or lesyng of his body heyng nyj to hym. 
At the last I forsaid Johan Ardcrne y-sojt, and covenant 
y-mado, come to hym and did my cure to liym, and, our Lorde 
beyng mene, I lieled hym perfitely \^ ithin ha lie a yere, and 
afterward hole and sound he ledde a glad life 30 yere and more 
For whiche cure I gate myche honour and lovyng thur< all 
Ynglond; and the forsaid Duke ol Lancastre anti many other 
gentilez wondred tlierof. Afterward I cured Hugon Derlyng 
of Fowick of Balne by Snaythe. Afterward I cured Johan 
Schefeld of Righlnel! aside TckilL Afterward I cured Sir 
Raynald Grey lord of Wilton in Walez, and lord of Schirlond 
byside Chesterfelde, whiche a^ked consel at the moste famose 



lecbez of Ynglond, and none availed hvm* Afterward I cured 
Sir Henry Blak borne clt^rk, Tresorere of the lord Prince of 
Walez. Afterward I cured Adam Ourafray of Schelford by- 
side Notvngham, and Sir Johan prest of the same toune. And 
Johan of Holle of Schirlande, and Sir Thomas Hamelden per- 
sone of Langare m the vale of Benare. Afterward I hcled 
Sir Johan Mascy persone of Stopporte in Chestreschire, After- 
ward I cured frere Thomas Gunny, custode of the Frere My- 
nours of Jorke. Afterward in the yere of our Lord 1370, I 
come to London and ther I cured Johan Colyii maire of North- 
ampton, that asked consel at many lechez. Afterward I 
he led or cured Hew Denny, fisch manger of London, in Bryg- 
gestrete, and Wilham Polte, and Raufe Dowble, and one that 
was called Thomas Browne, that had L5 holcz by whiche w^nt 
oute wynde with egesiioxiz ordour, that is to sey 8 holez of the 
to party of the ers^^e, and 7 on the tother syde, of whiche 
some holez was distaunte fro the towel by the space of the 
Iiand-brede of a maniie, so that bothe his buttokz was so ulcer- 
ate and putrefied within that the quiter and filthe went oute 
iche day aU myche as ane egg schel mijt take. Afterward 
I cured 4 frerez prochours, that is to sey, frere Johan Wr it- 
tell, frere Johan Haket, frere Pctre Browne, frere Thomas 
Apperley, and a yong man called Thomas Voke, of whiche 
forseid somme had only one holy distaunte fro the towell 
by one ynche, or by tuo, or by thre, and other had 4 or 5 
holez procedyng to the codde of the testiclez. And many 
other maners, gf which the tellyng war ful hard. All these 
foraeid cured I afore ihe makyng of this bake, our Lord 
Jhesu y-blissed I God know^eth that I lye no^f, and tlierfor 
no man dout of this, thof al okle famoiir men and full clere in 
studie have confessed tham that thav faud no^t the way of cu- 
racion in this case. For Gmi, that is deler or rewarder of wis- 
dom*?, hathe hit many things^ fro wyse men and slije, whiche he 
vouchsafe afterward for to schew lo symple men. Therfor al 
men that ar to come afterward, witte thai that olde maisterez 
war no^t bisie ne pertinacez in sekyng and sercbyng of this 
forsaide cure. Butt for they myjt noit take the hardnes of it 
at the first frount, thai kest it utterly by hind tiiai hak ; of 
wlnche for soth soni denied it holy for to be incurable, other ap- 
plied doulful opynyons. Therfor, for als myche in harde 
things it spodeth lo studiers for to preserve and abide, and for 
to turne subtily thair wittez, for it is opned not to tham that ar 
passanri, hot to iham that ar pcrseverand. Therfor to the honour 
of Go<l Almiglity that hath opned witte to me that y schuld 
lynde tre^our hidde in the feldeof studiers, that long tymeand 
pantyng breste I have swette and travailed full bisily and per- 



lincely in dinamidiis. As my faculty sufficeth withoute faire 
spekyng of endityng, I have bro^t for to sichew it openly iham 
that Cometh after, cure Lord beyng me in ihis boke, iio|t that I 
schew niyselfe more worthi of loiiyi^g of siche a gifie than other, 
but tliat I greve nojt God, and tor the dragme that he hatbe 
giffen to me that I be oojt constryoed tor tresoo. Therfor I 
pray that the grace of the holy gost be to the werke, tliat he 
vouch"=!afe for to spede it, that tho tbinges which in wirky ng 
trewly I am ofte tymes experte I may pleaerly explane tham 
in this litel boke.* 


• Mr. Hunter telU me »liat thia treatUe by Arderne Ia firiiited at the end 
of a tramlaiiou of a medical treatise of Arceu$, 4to. Loudon 1588* On 
r«fereuce I find that that ediitou is rauch abridged from the orjginal. 


Aoolher copy of the poem which we have printed under this title nt p. 109 
of the piesent volume occurs in MS, Gg, 1. 1, foL 475, v", Bib. Publ. Cantab. 
of the reign of £iL I L It commences as follows— 

Ici commence ie livre de Hending, 
Jhesu Crist al folkis rede, 
That for us alle tholed dede 

Apon tbe rode tre* 
Lern os alle to be wise, 
And to hendi in Godis servise 1 

Atnen, par charite ! 
Wei is him that wel ende inai. 

Quod Hending. 

Ne mai no man that is in londe, 
For nothing that he mai fonde, 

Wonin at home and spede, 
So fele the wis for to lerne. 
So he that had i-sowt yerne 

A venturer in fele dede. 
Also fele dedis also fele the wis. 

Quod Hending. 

Ne be thi childe nevir po dere, 
And he wil nut thewis lere, 

Bete him othir wele ; 


Thef thou letist him havin his wille^ 
Wiltou niltow he wil spille 

And becomin a file. 
Sothe cliilde behovid lore, and leve childe 
sc>m del more, 

Quod Hending. 

Soche lore as man vil lerne, 
And nim hit into herte yerne 

Man in his youthen 
Hi sill him and elde Jotow, 
Both avene aod eke a-morvv 

To be him wel cow the. 
He is i-b!essid o so Gocldis mowthe, that god 
rraft lemit in is ihougthe. 

Quod Hending. 
&c. &c. &c. 



From a MS, on veltum of llie fuurteeuth centurj, now in the possession of 
C. W, Loscombe, Eiwi* 

To God that i^ owre best leche 

Owre hele holy we be-teche, 

And to that mayden mylde Marie, 

Modur ful of mercy e, 

Gode verlu I sende yow hasshe, 

In worde, in ston, and in grasshe ; 

No Avondur that man tally t therto 

In tryst to keverit be of wo. 

Bothe Ypocras and Galiene, 

Platian and Constancienej 

Macer, Pliniic, and other moo, 

Gode record e berreth therto, 

That berbes helpeth man to leche. 

Of on the best schale be owre speclie 

That evere A\'as fonde in boke of kynde ; 

Man, at nede haw e it in mynde. 

This berbe iscallit rosemarinej 

Of vertu that is gode and lyne : 



Bot alle the vertues telle I ne cane. 

No I trawe no erthelj man. 

Now suninie of ham wylle I telle, 

An ^e wyl a stow no dwelle. 

As 1 in boke writc^n fonde 

OfdoGtowrus of dyversf lundtv, 

That everiche telles in hys degree 

As he hath preved in hys contree ; 

And ^et is preved every ^ere, 

To help mane in liys mystere. 

Alle that ever I preved have 

Ben fowden so the, so God me save! 

An so sayen other that worche hit can, 

That hele hyt jeves to many man, 

Bot sJywynge and the rote of rosmaryne 

Man may set welle and fyne 

Betwene Aprile and the May, 

In neetis fen and of the way ; 

And ako befor the Mychaelmasse 

The same to set leve thu hasse ; 

Wyth horse fenne thu hellyt welle. 

That colde grewe hyt never a dclle, 

Alle so in Aprile do the seede, 

Ther blak erthe may hyt fede. 

The blake forst^ the northeren wynde, 

To thys herhe beth unkynde. 
Helie hyt wel wyth alle thy mayn, 

And kep fro colde, that hyt be nojt sleyn, 
Hyt wylle the lielp when hyt spronge, 
TherfoT thi trawalle theynk no^t longe. 
Hyt hotte is in the secunde degree, 

Drye in the thredde, sayt Platearee. 

The fyst virtu is gode and fyne 

Of the gloriowse rosmaryne; 

Alle colde cweles help hyt may 

Wythin the body, who can asay ; 

Bot fryst the body most purget ben 

Wyth jorepygra Galyen, 

Other wyth sum me gode purgacion 

That is of hot complexion. 

The flowre is of a gode lose, 

That men calleth atiteose. 

The flowres boyle in water clere, 

Drynk erly antl last after sop ere, 

Hyt schal the clause and kepe with wynne 

Of all hot eweles thi body wythinne. 



Alle so seetli hyt in wyt vvyi 


And wesshe thi wysage wel theriime, 
Hyt schal make the hole and clere, 
Fay re and rody bo the i-fere. 

Take poudyr of that same flow re ^ 
And here wvth the in everi howre. 

And thu sha!t he i 

and Ivthe, 

Graciowse and i-loved in al sythe. 

Of rosemary ni is grene tree, 
Berne a col and bere wyth the, 
And lappe hyt in a lennyn clothe ; 
Tho^t hit grewe, be thu no^t wrothe; 
Ruhbe thi tethe therwyth at nede, 
And thu IS hall ha%'e wel gode spede. 
For al wormcs hyt wol slee, 
And make uenym away to flee. 

Jyff'fhow hawe colde in thi hede 
Throw th kowthe and poose that the dos lede^ 
Loke the l>arke, and thcrof brenne. 
And finny thi visage wel therinne, 
The smoke thu fowge at mowthe and noese, 
Hyt wille the help of the poose. 

Seeth the rote in vy nacre of wyne, 
And lette a theef \\^es*^he his fete thereinne, 
He no schal that tyde have myjt ne strenthe 
No harme to do on brede ne lengths, 
No man rob he ne no thyng stelle ; 
No man dare drede with him to dele. 

The flowrys fastynge with ry brede, 
Or other, cle, hit is my rede ; 
Wyth hony raeynge hyt w^el to hepe» 
Fro fallyng ewyl hit schal the kepe. 

Also lay flowris on thy bedde ; 
Thu schalt be i-helpit, 1 dare the wedde. 
Fro drecchynge and fro ferdful swevenys, 
Bothe by dayes and on evenys, 

Mochc of this herbe to seeth thu take 
In water, and a bathe thow make; 
Hyt schal the make lyjl and joly. 
And also lykyng and ^owuly^ 

Of thys herbe telles Gahene, 
That in hys contree was a rjuene, 
Gowtus and croket as he hath tolde. 
And eke sexty jere olde ; 
Sor and febyh where men hyr sey, 
Scho semyth wpI for to dev ; 


RELlQt/l£ ANTIQU,«. 

Of rosmaryn scho toke ?ex powde, 
And growndc hyt wel in a stownde, 
And bathed hir tlircye^ everi day, 
Nyne mowthe^, as I herde say, 
And after warde mioyntte wel hyr hede 
Wyth f^ode banie, as I rede ; 
Away fel alle that olde flesshe. 
And jowge i-sprong tender and nesshe ; 
So fresshe to be scho then bigan, 
Scho covey tede rouplede be to man. 
For • " • * * * 

[A few leaves uftbe MS. misHlng.] 




Fnran MS. Cotton. Caligula, A. It. fol* 106, v% of the fifteenth centurj. 

Myn owene wo. 

I may say, and so may mo, 

I wyte mysylfe myne owene wroo. 

In my ^owthe full wylde y was. 

Myself that tyme kowthe I not knowe ; 
I wolde have my wyll in every place, 

And that hath browjte me now full lowe. 
Thenke, Jhesu, I am thyn owoe j 

For me were thy sythes bloe : 
To chastyse me thou dydest hit, I trowe ; 

I wyie myself myne owene woo, 

I made covienaunte trew^e to be. 

When y fyrste crystened was ; 
I wente to the worlde, and turned fro the. 

And folowede the fend and his trace. 
Fro wrathe and envye wolde y not passe » 

With covetyse y was bawjte also. 
My flesh hadde his wyll, alas ! 

I wyte myself myne owene woo. 

Now y wote I was full wylde, 

For my wyll passed my wytte ; 
I was foil sturdy, and thou full mylde, 

Lorde I how F knowe well hytte, 



Of thy bly^^se I were full qwytte, 
Jyi* I Imdde ai\cT diat I have do ; 

But to thy mercy I truste jylte, 
And wyte myself my neovvene woo. 

Lorde ! I hadde no drede of the, 

Thy grace wente awaj^ therfore ; 
But, Lord I syth thou kiiowest me, 

Thow woldest not that I wereforlore, 
For me thou suffrest paynes sore, 

Thow art ray frend, and I tliy loo : 
Mercy, Lorde ! I wo!l no raore; 

I wyte myself niyne owene u oo, 

Hy^e I was in herte and prowde, 

And in clothynge woother gay ; 
I lokede that men sholde to me lowte. 

Wheresoever I wente^ by nyjle or day. 
To fay re wymmen I toke gode aray, 

Alle myne entente toke I tlierto ; 
A^eyns thy tcchynge I sayde nay ; 

I wyte myself myne owene woo. 

I trustede more unto my good, 

Thenne to Godde that hit me sente. 
Welthe made me full hyje of mode, 

Luste and lykynge me over-wen te. 
To gete good I wotde not stynte, 

I ne row^te how I come therto ; 
To the pore now jt I jaf ne lente ; 

I wyte myself myne owene w^oo. 

There ben thre pointes of myschef, 
That be confusioun to mony a monne, 

The whych worchen the sowle gref ; 
I shall hem telle as I kanne, 

Pore prowde that lytul! have, 

And wolde be rayde as ryche menne go ; 

)yf they do folye, and be tane, 
' They may wyte heniseH here owen woo. 

Ryche manne a thefe ys another, 

That of covetyse w^oU not slake; 
What he with wrronge begylc his brother, 

In blysse full sone shall be forsake. 
Byfore God for thefte hit ys take. 

All that with wronge he wynneth so; 
But he the radure amendes make, 

He shall wyte hvmself his owene wo. 


Olde manne lechoure, that ys the thrydde; 

For his complcxcyoun wTxeth coldc, 
Hitbryiigeth the sowle payiie amyddn. 

Hit stynketh on God many a foldo. 
These thre that I have of tolde, 

Be plesyng to the tende oiirc fo ; 
Hem to sesen he ys bolde, 

He may wyte hymsclf his owene woo, 

Mony defawtes God may fyndc 

In us that shulde his servaiites be ; 
He sheweth us love» \vc buo urikynde, 

Certes the more lo blame be wc. 
Some staren b rot he, and may hit not sc, 

By many a clerke hit fareth so; 
Ther the love of God woll not be, 

They may wyte hemself here owene wo. 

In thre poynte I dare well sayne 

God shold be worshepped in all th^iige, 
With ry^tewesnes^e, and mercy, th^ r be twayne, 

The thrydde ys clennesse of lyvynge* 
To men that have holy cherche m kepynge^ 

Hit ys his charge, and to lordes also ; 
And for they do agayns Goddus byddyng» 

They may iv yte heniselfe hire owene wo, 

Wronge ys sette tlier ryjte shulde be ; 

Mercy for raanhode ys put away ; 
Lechory hathe made clejines to He; 

He dare not byde ny^t nor day. 
Thus the fende, I dare welt say, 

Woldc make our Trend our full fo ; 
Manne I amende the whyl! thou may. 

Or wyte thyselfe thyn owene wd. 

It ys no wonthur thow^ thou be wo, 

Thyn owene wyll thou wylt seuwe ; 
Thy lordes byddyng thou wylt not do ; 

Thow art tals and uiUrewe. 
Sytiien he lyndeth the all thyngc newc» 

And thou servest tlie fende and go=5t hym fro. 
But thou ameufle, hit shalle the re we, 

And wyte thyself ihyne owen wo. 

Mon, take ht de what thou art, 

But wormes inete, diou woste wellc this ; 
Whenne the erthe hathe take his parte, 



Heven or helle ihoii shall have, i-wys, 
3yf thou do wele, thou goste to Wysse ; 

Jyf thou do Dvell, unto thy fo, 
Love thy Lordc God, and thyng on this. 

Or wj^te thy.><plf thy re owen wo. 

Now Jhesu Cryste, our Savyour, 

From our foii thou ils defende ; 
In all our nede be nur socour, 

Ere that tyme we he ones wende. 
And sendes grace liere to amende, 

Hys blysse that we may come to ; 
For to have so gode an ende, 

That we may amende our wo. 



From MS. Lambetli^ No. SOS, fol. 177; t^^ b. of the r^tgtk of Edward IV. 

TliE longitude of men folomi/nff. 

Moyses xiij- fote and viij, ynches and half. 
Cryste vj. fote and iij. ynches. 
Our Lady vj. fote and viij, ynches. 
Crystoferus xvij. fote and viij. ynches, 
Kyng Alysaunder iiij. fote and v. ynches. 
Colbronde xvij. fote and ij. 3 nches and half, 
Syr Ey. x. fote iij. ynches and half. 
SeyntTbomas of Caunturbery, vij. fote save a 

Long Mores, a man of Yrelonde borne, and ser- 

vaunt to Kyog Edward the liijth. vj. fote 

and X. ynches and half 



From MS. HarL 46^7| early in fbtirteentli century, wriUen atproae 

Ell Mai ki fet flurir les prez» 
et pullulare gramina, 


E cist oysels chaunteiit assez 
jocunda modulamina, 

Li amaunt ki airacnt vanitez 
qiiaerent sibi solamina, 

Je met ver wus mes peasersp 
o gloriosa domiDa* 

En WHS espair solaz truver, 

propinatrix solaminum, 
Ki so vent soliez alegger 

gravatos mole criminum, 
Surement poet il esperer 

medicinam peccaminum^ 
Ki ducement voet reclanier 

te liicis ante lerminum. 

Duce rose, sul saunz per, 

virgo decora facie, 
En ki se pount arairer 

cives coelestis patriae, 
En wus voet Deus esprover 

vires num potentiae, 
Quant se forca de wus furnier, 

splendor paternse gloriee. 

Taunt de bunte en was assist, 

et tanta speciositas, 
Ke a pain mendif remist 

neque prodigalitas. 
Ml's qtiant si grant enpres pris 

illius liberaLitas, 
De wus coe crai !e consail prist, 

o lux beata trinitas. 

Dame, sur tutes le pris avez, 

et gaudes privilegio, 
De honur, valu, e buntez, 

et hnec requirit ratio; 
Quant cil ki pur nus arusd 

cruore fuit proprio, 
De wus nasqui, li desire, 

Jhesu nostra redemptio* 

Mere, pur la duzur 

Jhesu dilecti filii, 

Ki nasqui quit par vertu 
ab omni labe vitii, 
2 a 



Defens nus seez e escu 

contra fulmeii judicii, 

Par wus nus mist en salu 

summi largitor prsemii. 



From MS. Ft I. 6. Bib. Publ. Cantab, of fifteen tb cent. 

Up son and mery wethir, eomer drawith nere. 

Somtyme y lovid, so do y yit 
In stcdfast wyse and not to flit, 
But in danger my love was knyt, 

A pitous thyng to here. 

For when y offerid my ser\ice, 
I to obbey in humble w'^yse, 
As ferfevth as y coude devise 

In countenaunce and chere* 

Grete payne for nought y dide endure, 
Al for that wyckid creature. 
He and no mo y you ensure 

Overthre^v al my matere. 

But now y thancke of his sand, 
I am escapid from Ms band, 
And fre to pas by se and land, 

And sure fro yere to yere. 

Now may y ete, di v nke, and play, 
Walke up and doune fro day to day, 
And herkyn what this lovers say, 

And laugh at ther manere. 

When y shal slepe, y have good rest ; 
Somtyme y had not alther best, 
But ar that y cam to this fest, 

Y bought hit al to dere. 

Al that affray ys clene agoo. 
Not only that but many mo ; 
And sfth I ara escapid so, 

I thencke to hold me here. 



But al the crue that suffren smert, 
I wold Ihay sped lyke your desert, 
That thay myght syoge with mery hert 

This song withouten fere. 



From Md* IL iv. IK In the Cam biidge Public Library, of the flfteenth 
century, fol. penult, v*. 

Puer nobis natas est de Virgine Maria. 

Lystenyt, lordyngs, more and lees, 
I bryiig yow tydynd of gladnes, 
As Gabriel beryt wytnes ; 

dicani vobis quia, 

I bryng yow tydynges that [arn] fwyl gowde ; 
Now es borne a blyesful fowde^ 
That bowl us alle upon the rode 

sua nwvtepia^ 

For the trespas of Adam, 
Fro ys fader Jhr;su ho cam. 
Here in herthe howre kende he nam, 
stia Tnente pia, 

Mayde moder, swete virgine, 
Was godnys may no man divine, 
Sche bare a schild wyt w^ot pytie, 
tesie profecia. 

Marl moder, that ys so fre, 
Wyt herte mylde y pray to the, 
Fro the fend thou kepe me 

tua prece pia* 



From a MS. in Lambeth Palace Library > No. 306, foL 177, i*. written in the 
reign of Edward tbe Fourth. 

Dyete for a NyglUyngale, 

Fyrst take and geve hym yelow antes, otherwyse called 
pysinerys, as nere as ye may, and the w^hite ante or pysmers 



egges be best bothe wynter and somer, ij* tymes of the day an 
handful of bothe. Also gave hym of these sowes that crepe 
with many fete, and falle oule of howce rovys* Also geve hym 
whyte wormes that breede betwene the barke and the tre, 



From MS* Dd. 
Henry III. 

xL 78, Bil). Publ. Cantab. foL 14D, v*. Of the reigu of 
It ts tlie ftftme in BubBtaiice as the first fable of Avienus. 

Fabuia de rusiica et lupo. 

Jurat anus flenii puero iii supprimat iram, 

Esca lupo dabitur : stat lupus ante fores* 
Sic anus una semel dat proniissum nninasque ; 

Promissum sperat hie : timet ille mioas. 
Hie juramenti spem cancipit, ille timorem ; 

Hic spe fraudatur, ille timore silet. 
Motus cunarem, vox matris, tedia flendi^ 

Sopit eum, mulcet ?^ompniai membra gravat. 
Sic superata puer sompno dat lamina ; sic est 

Hujus spes ejus evacuata metu. 
Hic redit illusus : kipa conjux, '' quis tibi/' dixit, 

'' Defectus prides ? quee tibi causa famis !'' 
Cui lupus, *' illusit fallax me faimina jurans 

Viscera visceribus pascere nostra suis/' 
Qui falli meruit, exemplo discat in isto 

Fa!;mine8B fi dei non adhibere fidem. 



Ffom MS. Cotton, VitdUus, A. xii. foU 181, v«, written e{U-1y in the twelfth 


Fader ure |?e giert on heofena* sy |>in nama ge-hagod, cume 
|>in Tiche, sy |?in willa on georSa swo swo on heofona, ure 
deghwamlica Idaf gyf us to deg, j for-gyf us are gyltas swo 
swo we for-gyfaS |jam be wi'5 us a-gylta5, ■] ne lede us on 
costnunga, ac a-lvs us ofyfele. AmeUisy hit swo. 




From MS. li. iii. 26, fol. iiltr», in the Cambridge Public library, of Lhe 
fifleenth cenlury. 

Whos conscience is combred and stoodith nott clene, 
Of anothir manis dedis the wursse woM he deme. 

Deme nott my dedis, thogh thjne be noght ; 

Say whate thow wilte, knowyst nott my thowght, 

Deme the beste of every dowte, 
Tyll the trow\h be tryed oute. 

A harde tbynge hit is, y-wys. 

To deme a thynge that unknowen is. 

Aqueyotanse of lordschip wyll y noghti 
For furste or laste dere hit woll be bowght, 




Written in a hand of the tlxteenth century, in MS. Cotton. Titna, D. jtii. 

Two men came riding over Hackney hay. 
The one of a blacke horse, the other on a gray ; 
The one unto the other did say, 
Loe yonder stood ReveSi that faire abbay ! 

Henry Cawtmi.a monke, somtimes of Reves Abhay in Ym^k- 
shire t a^rmed thai he had often read ihis in a AfS, belonging 
to that abbai/, containing many prophesies, and was extant there 
before the time of the dissolution. Bui when he, or any of his 
feilaweSf redds it, they used to throwe the book away in anger as 
thinking it impossible ever to come to passe,— E. B. 



From M3. Lanid. 76^ foL 7 v^, of ibe rei^ of Hemiy Y. 

Loudon ! thowe arte of townes a per se, 
Soveragne o( cities, most symbliest by sight, 
Of high renowne, riches, and royaUie, 
Of lordis, barons, and many goodly knyght. 


Of most delectable lusty ladyes bright. 
Of famous prelatis in habitis claricall. 
Of marchawntis of substawTice and myght; 
London ! thowe arte the flowre of cities alL 

Gladdeth a man, thowe lusty Troyiioinond, 
^ Citie that somtime cleped was Newe Troye^ 
In all this erth imperial!, as thowe stonde, 
PrincLs of townys of plesure and of joye. 
A richer resteth under no cristen roye. 
For manly powTe ^\'ith craftis naturall, 
Furmeth noon fairer syn the flode of Noe ; 
London ! thowe arte the flowre of cities all* 

Jem of all joye, jasper of jocunditie. 
Most myghtie carbuncle of vertue and valure, 
Stronge Troy in vigure and treunytie, 
Of royall cities rose and gerafloor, 
Empres of townys exalted in honour. 
In beautie bering the trone imperial!, 
Swete paradise precelling in plesure ; 
London ! thowe arte the flowre of cities all. 

Above all rivers thy river hath renow^ne, 
Whose boriall stremys plesaunt and preclare 
Under thy lusty wallys renneth a-do wne, 
Where many a sw^an swymeth with wyuge fare. 
Where many a barge doth rowe and sayie with are. 
Where many a ship resteth with top royall. 
towne of townis patron ! and not compare ! 
London ! thowe arte the flowre of cities all. 

Upon thy lusty bridge, with pillers white. 
Been marchauntis full royall to beholde ; 
Upon thy stretis goth many a semely knyght. 
In velvet gownys and chaynys of gold. 
By Juhus Cesour thy towre founded ofolde, 
Maye be the howce of Mars victoriall, 
Whose artilery with tonge maye not be tolde. 
London * thowe arte the flowre of cities aU. 

Stronge be the walles abowte the stondis, 
Wise be the people that within the dwellea, 
Fresshe is thy river, with his lusty strandis, 
Bhthe be thy chirches, wele sownyng are thy belles. 
Rich be thy marchauntis in substaunce that excelles, 
Faire be thy wives, right lovesom, white, and small, 
Clere be thy virgyns, lusty under kellys, 
London ! thowe arte the flowre of cities all. 

Thy famous maire by sure goverDaunce^ 
With swerde of justize the ruleth prudently, 
No lorde of Par3^s, Denys, or Floraunce, 
In dignitie or honour goth hym nygh. 
He is example right lodes ter and guy, 
Priocipall patron and rose originall. 
Above all maires as maister most worthy, 
London ! ihowe arte the flowre of cities all. 




From MS. Hail. 541, fbl. 207, vo, of the dose of the flfleeath century. 
Similar tines are printed at p* 127 of the prcfteot volume. 

Wytte hath wonder how reson telle can 
That mayd is mother and God is man, 
Oure noble sacrament yn thre thinges on. 
In this leeve reson, beleve thou the wondre ; 
There feith is lord, reson gothe undre* 

Gregorim. Fides non habet meritum, ubi humana ratio 
probet experimentum. 



From Hftfl. MS. 23SI o! the Sixteenth century. 

foL 146, Neyther barrell better herring. 

A large thonge of another mans hide. 

The cat doth love the fishe, but she will not wett her 

That which the eye seeth not, the hart doth not nie. 

Cast the beame out of thie owne eye, then thou 
maiest see a mothe in another mans. 

Need makes the old vnte trott 

As long as I am riche reputed, 
With solem vyce I am saluted ; 
But wealthe away once woorne, 
Not one wyll say good morne. 



foh 147. When I lent I was a frend, 

When I asked I was unkinde. 

A little in the morninge, nothing at noone, 
And a hght supper doth make lo live longe* 
Evill gotten, wors spent. 
foh 148. A fooles bolt is sone shott. 

Riches are gotten with labor, holden with feare, 
And lost with greyfe and excessive care. 

When thou hast gathered a!I that thou may, 
Thou shalt departei and knowest not what day. 
foh 149. He hath need of a long spoone that eateth with the 

While the grasse growes the steede starves. 

Put not in this world to much trust, 
The riches whereof will turne to dust. 

G. /. A. 


From MS. Amndel, No. 202, fol, 4, i*. (In the BHlish Museum,) of the 
earlier part of the tbirteenth century. I hftTe alre&dj comtounlcttted it to the 
Altdeutsehe BlutUr^ voL 2, Leipzig, 1837, a work wMeh is in the hands of 
few Englishmen. It ha§ been re-coUated on the original MS, for the pre- 
sent edition. This poem is a close translation of the Latin PhynologuM of 
Theobiiltliis or Thetbaldus, In the MS it is written as proae, 

Natara lemiuj^* 
"Se leun stant on hille, 
and he man hunten here, 
cy8er ISurg his nese smel, 
smake "Sat he negge, 
hi wile weie so he wile 
to dele nilSer wenden, 
alle hise fet steppes 
after him he filleS, 
drage^ dust wiS his stert 
^er he steppe 5, 
o^er dust oSer deu, 
^at he ne cunne is finden, 
drive S dun to his den 
Sar he him bergen wille. 

An o^er kinde he have^, 


wanne he is i-kindled 

stille li^ 'Se leun, 

ne slireJJ he nout of slepe 

til Se surrne have 5 siiien 

iSries him abuten, 

'Sanne reigelS his fader him 

mit te rem ^at he make^. 

•^e iSridde lage haveS ^e leun, 
^anne he lie tS to slepen 
sal he nevre lukeii 
^e lidesi of hise egen. 

Signijicacio prime nature. 

Welle heg is tat hil, 

^at is hevcn riche, 

ure Loverd i^ te leun , 

^e live^ ^er abuven ; 

wti & him likede 

to ligten her on er^e, 

inigte ire V re divel witen, 

tiog he be derne hunte, 

hu he dun come, 

ne wu he dennede him 

in iSat defte meiden, 

JVIarie bi name, 

^e him bar to manne frame, 

iy«- el tif^* 

■So ure driglPn ded was, 

and dolven, also his wille was, 

in a ston stille he lai 

til it kam Sedridde dai, 

hi** fader him filstnede swo 

"^at he ros fro dede So, 

us to lif hoi den, 

wakeS so his wille is, 

so hirde for his folde ; 

he is hirde, we ben sep ; 

silden he us wille, 

if we heren to his word 

dat we ne gon nowor wille, 

Naiura aquile. 

KiSen i wille 5e ernes kinde, 
aUo ic it boke rede, 
wu he neweth his gu^hede, 




hu he turneii ut of eldc, 

si^en hise lime>; arn unwelde, 

siSen his bee is al U)-wrong, 

siSen his fligl is a! unstrong, 

and his egea diinnie ; 

here'5 wu he neweS Iiim: 

A welle he sekc^ bat j^pringeS ai 

bo'Se bi nigt and hi dai, 

Ser over he flegeS, and up he teS, 

til ISat he t\e heveiie se^, 

•Surg skies s^xe and sevene 

lit he cunieS to hevene ; 

so rigt so he cumie 

he hoveS in the sunne ; 

"Se sunne swideS al his fligt, 

and oc it makeb his egen brigt, 

hise fed res fallen for Se hete, 

and ht' dun mi<ie to the wete 

failed in Sat welle gnind, 

Ser lie wurdeb heil and simd, 

and cumeS ut al newe, 

ne were his bee untrewe. 

Hiis bcc is i^et biforn wrong, 

bog hise limes senden strong, 

ne maig he liten him non fode 

hira self lo none gode, 

Banne geS he to a ston, 

and he billed Ser on, 

hilleb til his bee biibrn 

haveb be \vreng"be forloren, 

si'ben wib his rigte bile 

take^ mete bat he wile. 


Al is man so is lis ern, 

wulde ge nu Usitlen, 
fild in hise sinnes dern, 

or lie bicumeth criiten ; 
and tus he neweb him bis man, 

banne he niineS to kirke, 
or he it bi^enken can, 

hise egen weren mirke ; 
forsaket bore Satanas, 

and ilk sinful dede; 
take-S him to Jhesu Crist, 

for he sal hen his mede ; 



levetl on ure love[r]d Crist, 

and lere Si pre^ites lore ; 
of hise f gen woreS hv mist, 

wiles he ilreccheS iiore. 
His hope h al to Gode-ward, 

and of his luve he lere^; 
^at is to siinne sikerlike, 

Sus his sigte he lu^reb; 
naked tailed in i5e iunt fat, 

and cumeS ut al iiewe, 
but en a litel ; Avat is tat ? 

His mub is get iintrewe ; 
his mu5 is get wel uuku"S 

wi^ pater nostcr and crede ; 
fare he nor^, er fare he suS, 

leren he sal his nede ; 
bidden bone to Gode, 

and tus his inuS riglen ; 
tilen him so he sowles fode, 

Surg grace ofT ure dngtin. 

Naiura serpeuHs. 

An wirm ist o werlde, 

wel man it knowe^, 

neddre is it te name : 

bus lie him neweS, 

Sanne he is for- broken and for-broiden, 

and in his elde al for-^vnrden, 

Paste's til his fel liim skke"b, 

ten dales fulle, 

'5at he is lene and niainles 

and ivele mai gangen ; 

he crepeiJ cripelande forJi, 

his craft he ^us. ki^e Ji, 

sekeb a stun (Sat a ^irl is on, 

narwe but en he nedeS him, 

iiimeii unneSes ^urg» 

for his fi4 he ^er lete'5 ; 

his fles Ibr^ crepe^, 

walked to ^e water- ward, 

wile banne drinken. 

Oc he speweS or al he %'emm 

Sat in his hrest is bred 

fro his birde time, 

drinkeS si Sen i-nog, 

and tus he hini neweS, 




Sanne iSe ncddre is of his hid 

and bare of his brest alter, 

if he naked man se 

ne wile he him nogt negfgen, 

oc he fleS fro him 

als he fro fir sulde. 

If he closed man se, 

cof he waxe^, 

for up he rigte^ him 

redi to deren, 

to deren er to ded maken, 

if he it muge forJSen. 

Wat if the man war wurS *, 

and weren him ciinne, 

figteJi wiiS bis wirm 

and IreS on him figtande ; 

Sis neddre si'Sen he nede sal, 

make's se!d of hLs bodi, 

and silde-S his heved,' 

lite! him is of hise limes, 

but he lif holde. 


Knov cristene man 

wat tu Crist higtest 

atte kirke dure, 

^ar Su cristnod were : 

Su higtes to leven on him, 

and hise lages luvien, 

to helden wit herte 

■^e bodes of holi k(i)rke. 

If "Su havest it broken, 

al Su for-hreSes, 

for-wur^es and for-gelves, 

eche hf to wolden, 

elded art fro eche blis> 

so ^is wirm o we rid is ; 

newe "Se fordi 

so Se neddre doS ; 

it is tened. 

Feste Se of stedefastnesse, 

and fill of Sewes ; 

and help Se povre men 

Se gangen abuten. 

Ne deme Se nog wurdi, 



^^^^^^f RELtQlLli A»T1QU.£. 213 

^^^^H iSat tu dure lokcn 

^^^^H up to '$€ hevene-ward ; 

^^^^H 0€ waike wiS tie erSe 

^^^^H mildelike among men ; 
^^^^^H no mod ^u ne cuue. 

^^^^H mod ne iTiatuies oncost. ; 

^^^^^H OG swic ef sirieginge ; 

^^^^H and bole bid tu ISc ai^ 

^^^^H bo5e bi night and bi dai» 

^^^^H ^Sat tu nxilce mote haven 

^^^^H of -Sine misdedes. 

^^^^H ^is lif bitokne^ ^e sti 

^^^^H iSat te oeddre ganged bi, 

^^^^H and tis is ^e Sirl of -Se ston 

^^^^H iSat Ui salt ^urg gon. 
^^^^H Let {§in filSe fro ^e, 

^^^^H so ^e wirm his fel doS ; 

^^^^H go ^0 -$an to Godes hus 

^^^^H ie god&pel to heren, 
^^^^^H -Sat is soule drink, 

^^^^H sinnes quenching. 

^^^^H Oc or sei ISu in scrifle ! 

^^^^^H to ^e prest sinnes tine 

^^^^^" fef8e JSus of Si hrest filde, ^J 

and feste Se forSward ^M 

fast at tin herte, ^U 

'Sat tu firmest higtes. ^M 

^us art tu ging and newe ; ^^ 

for S ward be Su trewe- ij 

Nedeth ^e Se devel nogt, ^M 

for he ne niai ^e deren nogt ; ^| 

oc he fleS fro %e ^H 

£0 neddre &o de nakede. ^^^H 

On Se clo^ede Se neddre is cof^ ^^^H 

and te devel diver on sinne£» ; ^^^H 

ai Se sinfule ^^^^ 

bisetten he wile, ^H 

and wis al mankin ^B 

he haveS niS and win ; ^H 

wat» if he leve have ^^^H 

of ure heven loverd ^^^H 

for to deren us, ^^^H 

so he ure eldere or dede ; ^^^^| 

do we So bodi in $e bale, ^^^H 

and bergen Se soule, ^^^H 

%at is ure heved gevelic, ^^^| 
helde we it wurdiic. ^^^H 


RELtQUi fe ANTlQtJ^C. 


?Se mire is inagti, 

mikel ge s winked 

in sumer and in softe weder, 

so we oftc sen haven ; 

in ^e hervest 

hardilike ganged, 

and renneS rapelike, 

and resteii hire seldum, 

and fecheS hire fode 

Ser ge it tnai fin den, 

gaddre^ ilkines sed 

bo'Sen nf wude and of wed, 

of corn and of gres, 

^at ire to liaveti es, 

haleiS to hire hole, 

•Sal si Sen hire helpeS 

^ar ge ^^ ile ben winter agen ; 

cave ge have^ to ere pen iii| 

Sat winter hire nc derie ; 

mete in hire hule Sat 

Sat ge tnnge biliven. 

Sus ge tile S Sar, 

wiles ge time haveiSi 

90 it her telle'S ; 

oc finde ge Se wete, 

corn Sat hire qweme^i, 

al ge for-leteS ^is o^er sefi 

^at ic er seide ; 

ne bit ge nowt Se barHc 

beren abuten ; 

oc suneS it and sake 5 forS, 

so it same w^ere. 

Get is wunder of Sis wirm 

more Sannc man weneS, 

Se corn Sat ge to cave bereS, 

al get bit o-twinne, 

'Sat it ne for-wurSc 

ne waxe hire fro, 

er ge it eten wille. 


-Se mire muiieS us 
mete to tilen, 
long liverioSe, 
Sis little wile 




8e we on ^is werld wunen : 
for Saime we of ivendeni 
^aune is ure winter ; 
we siilen hunger haven 
and liarde siires, 
biilen we ben war here. 
Do we for-'Si m do 5 bis dor, 

Sanne be we derne 
on ^al flai Satdom sal ben» 

^at it lie us harde repe : 
seke we ure live^ fod, 

^at we ben siker dere, 
so "Bis wirm in winter is, 

iJan ge ne lileS nummore. 
^e mire snnefi be barlic, 

*?anne ge lint te wete ; 
^e olde lage we ogpxi to sunen, 

ISe newe we haven moten. 
5e corn bat ge to rave bereb, 

all ge it bit o-twinne, 
be lage us lereb to don god, 

and forbedeb us sinne. 
Il ben UK ebriche bode^?, 

and hekned evebke ; 
it fet be Itrliatn and te gfi-ri 

oc nowl o gevelike ; 
yre loverd Crist it lene us 

Sat his la^^e us fede. 
nu and o dnines-dei, 

and tanne we haven uede. 

Natura cervi, 
be hert haveb kinder; two, 
and foTbi^iiies nc al so : 
bus it is on l>oke set, 
batman clepeb Fisiologet. 
He drageb be ncddre of de ston 
burg his nese up on on, 
of be stor er of be Mon, 
for it wile ber* under gon ; 
and sweieb if wel swibe, 
bor-of him brinneb piben 
of bat attrie bing, 
wibinnen he haveb brenuing : 
he iepeb barnie wib mikel list, 
oTswet water he liaveb brist; 
he drinkeb water gredibke 



til he is ful wel sikerlike, 

ne have^ ^al vetiim non migt 

to deren him si^en non wigt. 

Oc he werpc^ erhise homes 

in wude er in ^rnes, 

and g'ingid him^us bis wilde der, 

soge haven nu lered her. 

Signijicacio prima. 

Alle we atter dragen off ure eldere, 

^e broken drigt i n nes word "Surg ^e neddre ; 

^er ^urg have^ inankin 

bo^en niS and win, 

kolsipe and gi>iling, 

givernpsse and wissing, 

pride and over-w ene ; 

swilc alter i-mene. 

Ofte we brennew in mod, 

and wurSen so we weren wod ; 

Sanne we ^ris brennen ; 

hihoveb us to rennen 

to Cristcs qiiike welle, 

?Sat we ne gon to heJle ; 

drinken his wissing, 

it quenchet ilc siniging; 

for-werpen pride everil del, 

so hert do5 hise homes ; 

gingen us tris to gwle-ward, 

and gemen us si^en foriS-ward. 

Nairfra ij^* 

^e herlei^ haven ano^rr kinde, 

^at us og alle to ben minde. 

Alle he am off one mode ; 

for if he fer fecelien fode, 

and be over water ten, 

wile non at nede oSer flen ; 

oc on swim me?) bi-forn, 

and alle 5e o^re folegen, 

we^er so he swimme^ er he wade^ : 

18 non at nede Sal oSer late^, 

oc leigeth liis skin-bon 

on o'Sres lend-bon. 

Gef him 5a I biforn te'5 

biltinpes for to lirgen, 

aile ^c o^re cumen mide, 

and helpen him for to herien. 


beren him of Sat water grund 
up to ^e loud al heil and sund, 
and foHSen here nede : 
Sis wooe he haven hem bitwen, 
^og he an hundred to giddre ben* 

Siffni/ica€to ij^* 

ie hertes costes we ogen to munen, 

ne og iir iion oSer to sunen, 

oc evrilc luven o^er, 

also he were his broder, 

wur^en stedefast his wine, 

ligten liim of his birdone, 

helpen him at his nede ; 

God giveS Ser-fore mede : 

we sulen haven hevenriche, 

gef we ben twixen us ben briche : 

^us is ore loverdes I age, 

luvebke lo fillen, 
herof have we mikel ned, 

•Sat we 'Sar wiS ne dillen. 

Natura wttlpis, 

A wilde der is 

Sat is ful of fele wiles, 

fox is hire to name, 

for hire queSsipe ; 

liusebondes hire haterj, 

for hire harm dedes : 

Se coc and te capini 

ge feccht'S oflo in Se tun. 

and te gandre and te gos, 

bi Se necke and bi Se noz. 

haleS is to hire hole ; 

for-Si man hire hatieS, 

hatien and hulen 

boSe me IT and lule.^. 

Li sine S nu a w under, 

Sat ti-^ der doS for hunger : 

goS o felde to a furg, 

and falleS Sar-inne, 

in eried loud er in erS chine. 

for to bilirlen fugeles ; 

ne stereS ge nogt of Se stede 

a god stand deies, 

oc dareS so ge ded were, 

ne drtigeS ge non onde: 



"Se raven is swi-Se redi, 
wene^ "Sat ge rotieS, 
and o^re fules hire fallen bi 
for to winnen fode, 
derflike wi-Suten dred ; 
he wenen ^at ge ded be^S, 
he wuHen on ^is foxes fel ; 
and ge it wel fele-S, 
ligtlike ge lepe* up 
and letted hem sone, 
gelt hem here billing 
ra^e wi^ illing, 
te-togge^ and te -tire's hem 
mid hire te-S sarpe, 
fret hire fille, 
and go^ iSan "Ser ge wille. 


Twifold forbisne in "Sis der 

to frame we mugen finden her, 

warsipe and wisedom 

wi-S devel and wi-S ivel man ; 

^e devel dere^ dernelike, 

he lathe ne wile us nogt biswike, 

he lat he ne wile us don non loiS, 

and bringe'S us in a sinne and ter he us slo-S, 

he bit us don ure bukes wille, 

eten and drinken wi^ unskil, 

and in ure skempting 

he do^ ra'Se a foxing, 

he billeiS one ^e foxes fel 

wo so telle'S idel spel, 

and he tire^ on his ket 

wo so him wi-S sinne fet, 

and devel geld swak billing 

wi"S same and wi-S sending, 

and for his sinful e work 

lede-S man to helle merk. 


"Se devel is tus "Se i-Iik 
mi^ ivele breides and wi^ spik ; 
and man al so "Se foxes name 
am wurSi to haven same ; 
for wo so seieS o^Ser god, 
and "Senke-S ivel on his mod, 
fox he is and fend i-wis, 


-JSe boc ne \ege& nogi of Sis ; 
so was H erodes fox and flerd, 
*8o Crist kam in to <Sis middel-erd, 
he seide he wukie liini \even on, 
and ^ogte he wuldc him for-don, 

Nalura iranee (sic), 

Seftes sop ure seppande, 

sene is on werlde, 

lei'^Se and loldike, (skj 

^us we it leven, 

maiii-kines Sing 

alle manne to wissing. 

Se spinnere on liire swid ge weveiS, 

feste^ atte hus rof, 

hire fo dredes 

orof eron ovese, 

so hire is on elde ; 

werpeS '?ius hire web^ 

and weve'5 on hire wise. 

•Sanne ge it hove^ al i-digt. 

^e^en ge driveS, 

hitt hire in hire hole, 

oc ai ge it biholde'S 

til tSat JSer fleges fareii 

and fallen ^Ser-inne, 

wi^eren in Sat web, 

and wi!en ut weeden ; 

•JSanne renne"S ge rapelike, 

for ge is ai redi, 

nimcS anon to ^e net 

and nimeS liem Sere, 

bilterlike ge hem bit 

and here bane wuriSeiS, 

drepeii and drinkeS here blod, 

do^S ge hire non oSer god, 

bute fret liire fdle, 

and dareS siSen stille. 


Dis wirai bitokneS iSe man 

-Sat o'Ser biswikeS 

on stede er on stalle, 

stille er lude, 

in mot er in market, 

er oni oSer wise, 

he him bit 




"San he him bale seileS, 
and he drinkeS his blod 
wanrie lie him dreve^. 
and ho freleS hein al, 
San he him ivel vverkeb* 

Naiura cetegrandie* 

Cethegrande is a fis 

Sc moste ^at in n ater is ; 

Sat tu wuldes seien get, 

gef ^u it soge wan it flet, 

Sat it were an dlond 

Sat sete one Se se sond. 

ISis fis ^at is uiirtde, 

^anne him hujigreS he gapeS wide, 

ut of Ills 'Srote it smit an onde, 

Se swetteste Sing ^at is o londe ; 

"Ser fore o?re fisses to him dragen, 

wan he it felen he aren fegcn, 

he cumen and hoven in his mu^» 

of his swike he am uncuS ; 

*Sis cete 'Sanne hise diaveles luke"S, 

iSise fisses alle in suke^, 

Se smale he wile Sus biswiken, 

"Se grete maig he nogt bigripen. 

^is fis wune^ wi-S ^Se se gnind, 

and hve^ ^er evre heil and sund, 

til it cumeth ^e time 

'Sat storm stireS al Se se, 

ISanne sumer and winter winnen ; 

ne mai it wunen Ser-inne, 

so drovi is te sees grand, 

ne mai he wunen ^er Sat stund, 

oc stireS up and hoveS stille ; 

wiles -Sar weder is so ille, 

■Se sipes Sal am on se for-driven, 

loS hem is ded, and lef to liven, 

biloken hem and sen Sis fis, 

an eilond he wenen it is, 

Ser*of he aren swuSe fagen, 

and mid here migt Sar to he dragen^ 

sipes on festen, 

and alle up gangen ; 

of ston mid stel in Se tunder 

wel to brennen one Sis wunder, 

warmen hem wel and helen and drinken; 


ie fir he feleS and do"5 hem sinken, 
for sone Tie diveS dun to grunde^ 
he drepe^ hem alle wi'Suteii wimde* 


^is devel is mikel wiS wil and magt, 

so wicches haven in here craft, 

he dob men hiuigren and haven Srist, 

and maoi oSer sinful list, 

colleS men to him wiS his onde^ 

wo so him folge^ he findeS sonde ; 

5o am ^e little in leve tage, 

^e mikle ne nmig he to him dragen : 

^e mikle, I mene Se stedefast 

in rigte leve mid fles and gasl. 

wo so listneS develes lore, 

on lengSe it sal him repen sore ; 

wo so festeS hope on him, 

he sa! him folgen to helle dim. 

Natura Sirene* 

In 15e se senden 

selcu^es manie ; 

'^e mereman is 

a meiden i-like 

on brest and on bodi, 

DC al ^us ge is bun den, 

fro Se iiovle ni^er-ward 

ne is ge no man hke, 

oc fis to fuliwis 

mid finnes waxen, 

^is wunder wuneiS 

in wankel stede, 

•Ser "Se water sinke^, 

sipes ge sinkeS, 

and sca^e ^Sus werke*. 

Mirie ge singed ^is mere, 

and havelS manie stefnes, 

manie and sille, 

oc it ben wel ille ; 

sipmen here steringe forgeteii 

for hire stefninge, 

slumeren and slepeOj 

and to late waken, 

•Se sipes sinken mitte suk, 

ne cumen he numraor up. 

Oc wise men and war re 



hsen cunen chare, 

ofte aro at-brosteii, 

mid he brest ovcl ; 

he haven herd told of Sis mere 

^at tus unie mete, 

half man and half fis, 

sHiu ^ing tokne^ bi Sis. 


Fele men haven ^e tokning 

of &s forbisoede "Sing, 

wi^Qten weren wuives fel, 

wiiiinnen am he wuives al ; 

he speken godcundhede, 

and wikke is here dede ; 

here dede is al uncu'S 

wi^ ^at spekelS here mu?5 ; 

twifold am on mode, 

he sweren bi "^e rode, 

hi ^e siinne and bi ISe mone, 

and he Jie legen sone, 

mid here sage and mid here song 

he Se swiken Ser i-mong, 

'Sin agte wi'S swiking, 

& soule wi^ lesiiig. 

Natura elepkaniis, 

Elpes am in Inde riche, 

on bodi borlic berges i-like ; 

he to gaddre gon o wolde, 

so sep -Sat cumen ut of folde, 

and hehinden he hem sampnen 

■Sanne he sulen o^re strenen ; 

oc he am so kolde of kinde 

^at no golsipe is hem minde, 

til he neten of a gres, 

^e name is mandragores, 

si-Sen he bigetoe on, 

and two ger he ^er-mide gon« 

'Sog he Sre hundred ger 

on werlde more wuneden her, 

bigeten he iievermor non, 

so kold is liem si^en blod and bon ; 

"Sanne ge sal hire kindles beren, 

in water ge sal stonden, 

in water to mid side, 



Sat wanne hire liarde tide^ 
*Sat ge ne falle oi"Ser nogt, 
"Sat is most in hire Sogt, 
for he ne haven no li S 
Sat he rrmgen risen wiS. 
Hu he teste S him Sis der, 

Sanne he walkeS wide, 
herkne wu it telleS her, 

for he is al unride. 
A tre he sekeS to fulige wis. 
Sat is strong and stedefast is, 
and iene'S him trostlke Ser-bi, 
iSanne he is of walke weri. 
"Se hiinte haveS biholden "Sis, 

'Se him wille swiken, 
wor his beste wune is, 

to don hise willen ; 
sage^S Sis tre and under set, 
o ie wise Sat he mai bet, 
hile^ it wel Sat he it nes war, 
^anne he makeS Ser lo char, 
him seh^en sit olon bihah, 
we^er his gin him out liiwarlt. 
iSanne caraeS Sis elp unride, 
and leneS him up on his side, 
clepeS bi ^e tre in "Se sadue, 
and fallen boden so to gaddre ; 
gef Ser is noman Sanne ho falleS, 
he remeS and helpe calleS, 
remeS reufulike on his wise, 
hopeS he sal Surg hclpe risen ; 
^anne cumeS "Ser on gangande, 
hopeS he sal him don ut standen, 
fikeS and fondeS al his migt, 
ne mai he it forScn no wigt ; 
he canne San non oSer, 
oc o reme^ mid tiis broSer, 
manie and mikle cume Ser sesacande, 
wenen him on stall maken, 
oc for *Se helpe of hem alle 
ne niui he cumen so on stalle ; 
Sanne renien he aUe a rem, 
so homes blast oSer belles dreni, 
for here niikle remiog 
remuinde cunieS a gungling, 
raSe lo him luteS, 


his snute him under pute%, 

and mitte heipe of hem alle 

"Sis elp he reisen on stalle ; 

and tus at-brested "Bis huntes breid, 

o ^e wise ^at ic have gu seid. 


"Bus fel Adam 'Burg a tre, 

ure firste fader, "Sat fele we : 

Moyses wulde him reisen, 

migte it no wigt forSen ; 

after him prophetes alle 

mighte her non him make on stalle, 

on stalle, i seie, "Ser he er stod, 

to haven heven-riche god. 

He suggeden and sorgeden andweren in-Bogt, 

wu he migten him helpen out ; 

^0 remeden he alle under stevene 

alle hege up to "Be hevene, 

for here care and here calling 

hem cam to Crist heven king ; 

he iSe is ai in hevene mikel, 

wuriS her man, and tus was litel, 

droping dolede in ure manhede, 

and tus Adam he under gede, 

reisede him up, and mankin, 

Bat was fallen to helle dim. 

Natura turturis. 

In boke is Be turtres lif 
writen o rime, wu lagelike 
ge holdeB luve al hire lif time ; 
gef ge ones make haveB, 

fro him ne wile ge siBen : 
muneB wimmen hire lif, 

ic it wile gu reden ; 
bi hire make ge sit o nigt, 

o dei ge goB and flegeB. 
wo so seit he sundren out, 

i seie Bat he legeB. 
Oc if hire make were ded, 

and ge widue wore, 
Banne flegeB ge one and fareB, 

non oBer wile ge more ; 
buten one goB and one sit, 
and hire olde luve abit, 


in herte haveS him nigt and daij 
so he were o-live ai. 


List ilk lesful man her-to, 

and her-of ofte reche ; 
ure sowle atte kirkc dure 

ches hire Crist to meche, 
he is ure soule spuse, 

luvc we bim wiS migte, 
and wende we nevre fro him- ward 

be dai ne be nigte ; 
ISog he be fro ure slgte faren, 

be we him alle trevve, 
lion o^er loverd ne luve we 

ne non luve newe ; 
leve we 5at he lived ai 

up on heven-riche, 
and ^e5en he sal cumen eft, 

and ben us alle briche, 
for to demen alle men, 

oc nout on gevenlike, 
hise lo5e men sulen to helle faren, 

hise leve to his riche. 

Natura pantere, 

Panter is an wildc der, 
is non fairere on werlde her ; 
he is blac so bro of qual, 
mi^ wite spottes sapen al, 
wit and trend led als a wel, 
and itt bicume'S him swi^e weL 
Wor so he wune? Sis panter^ 
he fedeb him al mid o^er der, 
of 5o 'Sc he wile he niraeS *5e cul 
and fet him wel til he is fuL 
In his hole si Sen stille 
tire dages he slepcn wille, 
?San after ^e 'Sridde dai 
he riseS and remeiS lude so he mai^ 
ut of his '$rote cuineS a smel 
mid his rem fbrS over al, 
"Sat over cumeth haliweie 
wis swetnesse, ic gu seie, 
and al ^at evre smelleS swete, 



be it drie be it wete, 

for "Se swetnesse off his onde, 

wor so he \\ a!ke^ o londe, 

wor so he walked^ er wor so he wiine"S, 

ilk der be him here^ to him ciimeS, 

and folege^ him up one ^e wold, 

for Se swetnesse ^e ic gu have told. 

^e dragunes one ne stiren nout 

wiles te panter remeS og-t, 

oc daren slille io here pit, 

aLs so he weren of dede offrigt. 


Crist is tokned ^urg 'Sis der, 
wos kinde we haven told gu her ; 
for he is faier over a!le men, 
so even slerre over erSe fen ; 
fill wel he taunede his luve to man, 
wan be Siirg holi spei him wan, 
and longe he lai her in an hole, 
wel him dat he it wulde Solen ; 
^re daics slep he al on on, 
{Sanne he ded was in blod and bon, 
up he ros and remede in wis 
of belle pine, of bevene blis, 
and stag to hevene uvenest, 
"Ser wuneS wilS fader and holi gast. 
Amonges men a swete mel 
he let her of his holi spel, 
wor 'huig we mugen folgen him 
into his godcundnesse fin. 
And ^at wirm ure widerwine, 
wor so of Godes word is ^ine, 
ne dar he stiren, ne noman deren, 
ISer wile he lage and luve beren, 

Natura cobimbe ei signijicacio, 
"Se culver haveS costes gode, 
alle wes ogen to haven in mode, 
sevene costes in hire kindc, 
alle it ogen to ben us minde, 
ge ne haveS in hire uon galle, 
simple and softe be we alLe ; 
ge ne hveS nogt bilagt ; 
ilc robbinge do we of hac. 
^e wirm ge lete'5 and liveJS hi tie sed, 


of Cristes lore we have ned ; 
wi^ O'Src br id ties ge do^ as moder, 
so og ur ilk to don wi Ji otier ; 
woning and groning is lie hire song, 
bimene we us, we haven done wrong. 
In water ge is wis of hevekes come, 
and we in hoke wi-^ devles oome ; 
in hole of stoii ge makeiS hire nest, 
in Cristes milce ure hope is best- 




From MS. Hftrl. 7578, fol. 18, r*, fifteeEth century* 

Moost souveraine lord, o blessith Crist Jeshu! 
From oore enemy deli v ere us and oar foon ! 
Unth[e]r whoos grace and anther whose vertu 
We been assureth wheres^o we ride or goon. 
Nowe, Lord, that arte two, three, and oon, 
Kepe and preserve unther thy mighty hande 
The king, the queene, the peple, and the lande. 

And blessed Lord, of thine benignity 

Considre and see oure affliccion, 

And lat thine eve on mercy on us see, 

Us to releve in tribulacion ; 

And shadowe us, Lorde, with thy proteccion. 

And ajr preserve unther thy mighty hande 

The king, the queene, the pcple, and the londe. 

And, good Lord, beholde and eke adverte 
Of thy mercy and thy grete grace 
The inwarde Rorowes of oure troubled herte, 
And loke upon us with a benynge face. 
And late thy winges of pite use embrace. 
And ay preserve unther thy mighty hande 
The kioge, the quene, thy peple, and thy lande* 

Mekely forthy the synnes otde and newe 
Off thy pcple and their grete affence ; 
And, good Lord, uppon theire gelthes re we. 
And theire the me rites by done not recompense. 
But reconsile hem with thine indulgence; 
And aye preserve unther tby mighty hande 
The king, the quene, thy peple, and thy lande. 


And, good Lord, have here oure orisons, 
Whanne we to the for helpe clepe and calle, 
Here oure compkniites and lementacioos, 
And do socoure to oure offences alle ; 
Be oure defence that no mischeffe ne falle ; 
And ay preserve unther thy mighty hande 
The kinge, the qticne^ the peple, and thy londe* 

Thou Sonne of God ay lastinge and eterne. 

Have mercy oon us and forgete us nought, 

And of thy grace guide us and governe, 

And reconsile that thou so dere has bought ; 

With love and dreede enbrace oure inwarde thought; 

And ay preserve unther thy mighty hande 

The king, the quene, the peple, and the lande. 

In this life here and perpetually 
To kepe us, Lorde, that thou not disdayne, 
For alle oure truste stante in thy mercy, 
Hopinge by grace we shal therto attejne, 
Thy passion shalle kepe us oute of payne; 
And ay preserve unther thy miglity honde 
The kinge, the quene, the peple, and the londe. 

Here us. Lord, whanne we to the preye, 
And here us, Lord, in mischef and in nede ; 
And Criste Jhesu be mercie us convey e, 
Whiche oon the croos lyste for oure sake bleede, 
Fortune this reme, and make it wel to spede, 
Benigne Jhesu pretjerve eke with thine honde 
The kinge, the quene, the people, and thy londe. 


And, Lord, amonge alle remembraunce, 

Our Henry, thy a wen chose knight. 

Borne to eoherite the region of Fraunce 

By trcvve discent and be title of right, 

No we, good Lord, conserve him thorugh thy might, 

And preserve unther thy mighty liaiide 

Him and his raoder, the peeple and thy londe. 

Late him in vertu ay encrese and shine, 
Worthy thorow vertu to be put in raemorie ; 
And forgete not his modcr Katheryne, 
Where thou fittest in thine heven glorie; 
Yif to thine knight cnnqueste and victorie, 
And presprve unther thy mighty honde 
Him and his moder, the peple and thine lande. 


Be thou his counceile and his soverayne rede ; 

So as ho wexeth, with vertii him avaunce ; 

And, blessed Lordi be thou both holpeand spede, 

To alle that labouren for hi?i enheritaunce, 

Both in this rewme and in the groimde of Fraunce, 

And preserve unther thy mighty bonde 

Him and his nioder, thy peple and thy !onde* 

In short tymc that thou may atteyne, 
Withoute lettynge, or any perturbaiince, 
To be corowned with worthy croimes tweyne ; 
Firste in this lande, and aftervvarde in Fraunce ; 
And give him grace to lyve in thy plesaunce, 
And aye preserve unthir thy mighty lionde 
Him and his moder, thy peple and thy londe. 

MS. Harl, 7578, foL 16, r», 15th centory. 

Somme tyme [this] worlde was stedfast and stable. 

That manys worde was obligacion ; 

And now it is so fals and so disceyvable, 

That worde and dede as in conclusion 

Is nothinge Hkei for torneth up so doo 

Ys alle thLse worlde for neede and wilfulnesse, 

That alle is loste for lake of stedfastnesse. 

What maketh this worlde to l>e so variable, 
But lust that folke han in destensioii I 
For amonge us nowe a man is holde unable, 
But if he can be some conclusion 
Doo his neghf)ouTe wronge or opression. 
What causeth this but wilful wrecchednesse. 
That alle is loste for lakke of stedfastnesse I 

Trought is putte doune, reson is holdeii fable, 

Vertu hath nowe non dominacion, 

Pi tee exiled, no man is merciable, 

Thurgh covetyse is blente discreccion, 

The worlde hath made permutacion 

Fro right to wronge. fro trought to fikelness, 

That alle is loste for lake of stedfastnesse. 

O, prince, desire to be honorable, 

Chirssho thine folke and hate extorcion ; 

Suffir no t hinge that may be re provable 

To thine estate donne in thine region, 

Scbewe furth thine swerde of castigacion ; 

Dreed God, doo lawe^ love trouth and worthinesse, 

And weed thine folke agayne to stedfastnesse. 





Ffom If S« LaiKdowne, No. 762, written in tbe rei^ ofHemy V* 

Questiom bitwene the Maister of Oxinford and his Scaler, 

The Clerkys quesiian. Say me where was God whan he 
made heven and erthe I Uie Maisters answer. I saye, in the 
ferther eede of tlie wynde, C. Tell me what worde God first 
spake ] M. Be thowe made light, and light was made. C 
Whate is God ! 3L He is God, that all thinge made, and all 
thinge hath in his power. C In liow many dayes made God 
all thingis 1 M. In six dayes. The first daye he made light ; 
the second daye he made all thinge that helden heven ; the 
thirde daye he made water and erthe ; the fourth daye he made 
the firmament of heven ; the v^^ daye he made sterrys ; the 
vf^ day he made alnmner bestis, fowlis, and the see, and 
Adam, the firste man. C. Whereof was Adam made! M» 
Of viij* thingis : the first of erthe, the second of fire, the iii'^^ of 
wynde, the iiij*^ ofclowdys, the v^** of aire wherethorough he 
spcketh and thinketh, the vj^^ of dewe wherby he swcteth, 
the vij^*^ of flowres, wherof Adam hath his ien, the viij^^^ is 
sake wherof Adam hath salt teres. C Wlierof was founde 
the name of Adam 1 J£ Of fowre sterres, this been the namys, 
Arcax, Dax, Arostolj^m, and Momfumbres, C Of whate state 
was Adam whao he was made ! M, A man of xxx. wynter 
of age. C And of whate length was Adam? J/. Of iiij, 
score and vj, enchys. C How longe lived Adam in this 
worlde ! M. ix* c, and xxx*y wynter, and afterwarde in hell 
tyll the passion of our lord God. C Of whate age was 
Adam whan he begat his first cliilde ? 3L An c. and xxx. 
wynter, and had a son that hight Seth, and that Seth had 
a son that hight Enos, and the forsaid Seth lived ix. c, 
and x. wynter, and Enos his son lived ix. c. and v. wynter. 
And that Enos had a son that hight Canaan, and that Canaan 
lived ix* c. x. wynter. And that Canaan had a son than highi 
Malek, and that Maiek lived ix. c. and v. wynter, and that 
Malek had a son that hight Jared, and tlmt Jared lived ix. c. 
xlij. wynter, and that Jared had a son that hight Matusidall, 
and that Matusidall lived ix. c. and xbx. wynter, and that 
Matusidall had a son that hight Lanek, and that Lanek lived 
Vij. c, and xhnj. wynter, and that Lanek had a son that hight 
Noe, and that Noe had iij. sonnys, the which forsaid Noe lived 
ix. c. xl. wynter, and his iij, sonnys hight Sem, Cam^ and 
Japhetb* And Sem had xxx. children, and Cam had xxx^ 



children, and Japheth had xij\ children* C. Whate was he 
that never was borne, and was buried in his mothers worn be, 
and sens was crlstcjied and saved ] AL That was our fat her 
Adam. C How longe was Adam in Paradise ] 31. vij. 
yere, and at vij. yeres ende he trespased aycnst God for the 
apple that he hete on a Fridaye, and att angell drove him owte. 
C Howe many wyoter was Adam whan oar Lorde was doon 
on the crossel M, That was v. m^ cc. and xxxij. yere. C, 
What hicht Noes wyf? M. Dalida; and the wif of Sern, 
Cateslinna; and the wif of Cam, Laterecta; and the w if of 
Japheth, Aurca. And other iij. names, Ollia, Ohna, and 
Olybana. C. Wherof was made Noes ship ? M. Of a tre 
that was clepyd Chy. C And whate length was Noes ship ] 
31. Fifty fadem of bredeth, and cc. fadera of lengthy and xxx* 
fadem of hith. C Howe many wyTiter was Noes ship in 
makyng^ M. iiij. score yeres. C How longe dured Noes 
flodcie 1 J£ xl* dayes and xL night ys. C. Howe many children 
had Adam and Eve ] M, xxx. men children and xxx. wymen 
children. C Whate citie is there the son goth to reste I M. 
A citie that is called Sarica. C. Whate be the beste erbes 
that God loved ? M, The rose and the lilie. C. Whate 
fowle loved God best ? 3L The dove, for God sent his spire t 
from heven in likenes of a dove. C. Which is the best water 
that ever wast M, Flom Jurdao, for God was baptised 
therein. C Where be the anjelles that God put out of heven 
and bycam devilles ? J/. Sora into hell, and som reyoed in 
the skye, and som in the erth, and som in waters and in wodys. 
C, How many waters been there I 3£ ij. salte waters, and ij. 
fresshe waters. C* Who made first ploughisl 3f, Cam, 
that was Noes son. C, Why bereth not stonys froyt as 
trees 1 M. For Cayme slough his brother Abell with the bone 
of an asse cheke. C Whate is the best thinge and the worste 
amongemeni M, Worde is beste and warste. C Of whate 
thinge be men most ferde 7 3L Men be moste ferde of deth. 
C Whate are tlie iiij. thinges that men may not live without] 
[AL] Wyode, fire, water, and erth. C. Where resleth a 
manys soule, whan he shall slepe ? 3L In the brayne, or in 
the blode, or in the harte. C, Where lieth Moises body 1 3L 
Beside the howce that highg Enfegor. C\ Why is the erth 
cursed, and the see blissed ! 3f, For Noe and Abraham, and 
for cristenyng that God commaunded. C\ Who sat first vines ? 
3£ Noe set the first vines. C Who cleped first God ! 31. 
The devyll. C Which is the beviest thinge bering ] JL Syn 
is the he^qest. C\ Which thinge is it that som lovetli, and st>m 
hatethl 3L That is jugement. C Which be the iiij. thingis 
that never was full nor never shalbe ? 3£ The first is erth, 



the second is fire, the thirde is hell, the fourth is a covitous man. 
C How many maner of birdis been there, and howe many of , 
fisshcs ! M. liiij. of fovvlos, and xxxvj» of fisshes. C\ Which 
was the first clerke that ever was 1 31 Elias was the firste, 
C Whate higlit the iiij. waters; that rcnnetb through paradise! 
M* The one hight Fy^on, the other Egeon, the iij^* hight 
Tygrys, and the liij^^ Effraton. Thise beenmiike, hony, oyll, 
andwyne. C Wherefore is the son rede at even] M. For he 
gothe toward helL C\ Who made first cities I M. Marcu- 
rius the gyaunt. C How niany langagis been there! J/. Ixij., 
and so many di^^cipules had God without his appostoles. 



From the same MS, fol. 2, vo. 

Computatw Subsaipio defeodis miliium fuit factum in anno 
regis Henrici qubitlt iiij^^* 

Ther been tn Engloiid xxxvj. shires, lij. m'. and Ixxx, 
townee, xlv. m^- and xj, parisshes, Ix. m^" cc* xv» knipjhtes fees, 
wherof religious liave xxviij. ml. and xv. fees. The somme of 
the xv^** of all Eoglond is xxxvij m'. ix,*^' xxx. IL xj. rf. oh, in 
clere, without colectours dispencis, that is iij'^. xxij, IL vj. s. 
viij. d. The length of Englond from Scotlond to Totnesse 
conte^Tieth viij'^ myles. The bredeth therof from Saint Davis 
in Wales unto Dover, ij'^. niyles and L The circute therof, 
iiij. mU and xL myles. 

Weight and 3fesure. 

By the discrecion and ordynaujice of oure Lorde the king 
weight and mesure were made. It is to be knowen that an 
Englisse penny, wliich is called a ronnde sterlyng, and without 
clyppyng, ^hall weye xvj, corny s of whete taken owte of the 
middyll of the ere. And xx. roaken an ounce; xij* ounces 
maknn a pounde, which is xx. s. of sterlingei. And viij. 
pounde of whete maken a galon of wyne; ami viij. galondys 
maken a London busahell, whicli is the eight parte of a quarter, 

A good horsse must have xv, property es and condicions, 
that is to witte, iij, of a raan, iij. of a woman, iij, of a fox, iij, 
of an hare, and iij. of an asse. Of a man, bolde, prowdc, and 
hardy; of a woman, fayre bresfed, fayre of here, and esy to 

lepe upon ; of a fox, a faire tayle, shorte eres, with a good 
trotte ; of an hare, a grete eye, a drye heed, and wele rennyng; 
of an asse, a bigge chynne, a flat leg, and a good hone. Wele 
traveled wymen or wele traveled horsses were never good- 

foL 16, vo. wTiiteti as proee. 
Aryse erly, 
Serve God de^owtely. 
And the worlde besely, 
Doo thy work wisely, 
Yeve thyn almes secretely, 
Goo by the waye sadly, 
Answer the people demnerly. 
Goo to tliy mete apetitely. 
Sit therat discretely, 
Of Ihy tungc be not to liberally, 
Arise thertrora temperally, 
Goto thy supper soberly, 
And to thy bed merely. 
Be in thyn inne jocundely. 
Please thy love duely. 
And slepe suerly* 

Who that maketh in Cristemas a dogge to his larder. 
And in Marche a sowe to his gardyner, 
And in JIaye a fole of a wise mannes councell. 
He sball never have good larder, faire gardeyn, nor wcfe 
kepte oouncelL 

Far from thy kyn cast the, 
Wreth not thy neigbber next the, 
In a good corne contrey rest the, 
And sit downe, Robyn, and rest the- 

Who that byldeth his howse aD of salos. 
And prikketb a blynde horsse over the folowes, 
And sufTereth his wif to seke many halos, 
God sende hym the hlisse of everlasting galos I 

There been thre thinges full harde to be knowen which waye 
they woll drawe. The first is of a birde sitting upon a hough. 
The second is of a vessell in the see. And the thirde is the 
waye of a yonge man. 

Two wymen in one howse, 
Two cattes and one niowce, 
Two dogges and one bone, 
Mave never accorde in one, 





A BALL.4J>. 

From MS. Hhrl, 7333* foL 10^, r«» a., flfteenlh century. 

HaUam squiere nutde thes ij\ bulades. 

The worlde so wyde, the ayer so remuable, 

The sely roaii so litle of stature, 

The groue and grounde of clothing so mutable, 

The fuyre so hoete and sotile of nature^ 

The water never in oon, what creatour 

That made is of thes foure thus flettynge 

May stedfaste bee, as here is levynge 1 

The more I goo, the for there I am behynde ; 

The more behynde, the nerrer my weyes ende ; 

The more I seche, the worse kao I fvnde ; 

The more presente, the firther oute of my my ode ; 

Is this fortune, not I, or in fortune^ 

Thaughe I goo loosse, I tyed am with a loygne. 

Here hegynnethe a dialoge hetwetie man and deihe, 
[This is in Latin,] 



In Engliah verse, from MS. Arundel, SD2, fol. C, r«, and v*^, of thecarUer 
part of tlie thirleentli century. 

(yedo in Deum. 

I leve in Godd al-micten fader, 
iSatt hevene and er^e made to gar : 
And in Jhesu Crist liis leve sun, 
Ure onelic loverd, ik him muiie, 
'Satt of de holigost bikennedd was, 
Of Marie Se maiden boren he was, 
Pinedd under Ponce Pilate, 
On rode nailedd for mannes sake, 
*Sar &lede he deadd widuten wold. 
And biriedd was in de roche cold ; 
Dun til hellc Hcten he gan» 
"Se ^ridde dai off deadd at-kam, 
To hevene he steg in ure manliche, 
ISar sitteS he in hiis faderes riche, 
O domes dai sal he cumen agen 


To demen dede and lives men ; 

I leve on 5e hali gast, 

Al holi ctiirche stedefast. 

Men off alle holi kinne, 

And forgivenesse of mannes sinne, 

Up-risinge of alle men, 

And eche lif I leve. Amen, 

Pater Nosier, 

Fader ure ^att art in hevene blisse, 

Sin hege name itt wurSe biiscedd, 

Cumen itt mote "Si kingdom, 

•Bin hali wil it be al don 

In hevene and in erSe all so. 

So itt sail b* n fnl wel ic tro ,* 

Gif us alle one "Sis dai 

Ure bred of iche dai 

And forgive us ure sinne 

AIs we don ure wi^Serwinnes; 

Leet us noct in fondiiige falle, 

Ooc fro ivel ^u sild us alle. Amen. 

Ave Maria. 

Marie ful off grace, weel debe, 
Godd of hevene be wi^ *iSe, 
Oure alle wiinmen bliscedd tu be, 
So be tie bern datt is boren of ^e. 

In manustuas* 

Loverdjjodd, in hondes tine 
I biqueSe soule mine, 
Su me boctest wiS Si deadd, 
Loverd Godd of soi^fastheedd. 

Wanne I Senke Singes 5re^ 
Ne mai Jii nevre bliSe ben ; 
Se ton is dai 1 sal awei, 
"Se to15er is I ne wot wilk dei, 
iSe Sridde is mi moste kare, 
I ne wot wider I sal faren. 

If man him biSocte^ 
Inderiike andofte, 
Wu ardc is te fore 
Fro bedde to floreg 
Wu reuful is te flitte 




Fro flore te pitte. 
Fro pitte te pme 
?at nevTe sal fine, 
I weue non sinne 
Bulde his herte winneB. 



From MS. Gg. i. l» foK 629, r^. Bib* Fabl. Cantab, temp* £dw. II. 

Ici commenceni les axs^ij,folies. 

Ke nul bien ne set, et nul veut aprendre ; 

Ke mut acceit, e n'ad dunt rendre ; 

Ke taunt doune, e rien ne reteint; 

Ke mut promette, e ne donne nient ; 

Ke tant parle qe nul ne li escute ; 

Ke tant man ace ke nul ne li doute ; 

Ke tant jure que nul ne li creit; 

Ke demaunde quanke il veit ; 

Ke a enfaiint ou a fo! son conseil cunte ; 

Ke pur autri honur sei meime met a hunte; 

Ke rien n'ad en burs, e tut barguine ; 

Ke ascieut pert, e nient ne gaine ; 

Ke tant fet en un jour, que ne puet a simaine ; 

Ke pur estrange eschace, le soen demaine ; 

Ke autre blasme, dunt il meimes est ctipable; 

Ke trop se fie en chose que n'est mi estable ; 

Ke felun cunust, e li coyst a sei ; 

Ke a soun seignur trop se desrai ; 

Ke en bone pees desire la guere : 

Ke se entremette de chose dunt n'ad qe fere ; 

Ke fol est, e plus sol se fet ; 

Ke se enjoyt de soun melfet ; 

Ke n'ad qe li serve, ne li meime ne veut ; 

Ke trop se mape, kaunt fere ne le estoet ; 

Ke Ijien pout elite, e de gre se prent a ptre ; 

Ke tut quide veindre par mut meadire ; 

Ke tant se avaunce, qe nul ne li loe , 

Ke pur autri le soen desavoe ; 

Ke rien ne veut fere, ne autre ne let ; 

Ke quide qe bien seit quanke ti plet ; 

Ke tut en prent, e nient ne escheve ; 

Ke sanz reison sun bon amy greve. 





From MS. Sloan. 683. fol. 4^, r*. or the fifteenth centurf. 

A Venetiis ad Parentium sunt 100 mi'* Italica 

A Parentio ad Corphonam 700* 

A Corpliona ad Mo do nam 300 » 

A Modooa ad Cretam 300. 

A Greta ad Rhodum 300. 

A Rhodo ad Cyprum 300. 

A CjTpro ^ Joppeo tridui navigatione. 



From MS. Harl. 7371 of the sixteenth ceuttiry. 

Nos vagabimduli, 
LfiBti, jucunduli, 

Tara tantara teino. 

Edimus libere, 
Canimus lepide, 

Tara &a 

Risu dissolvimur, 
Pamiis obvolvimur, 
Tara &c. 

MuJtum in joculis, 
Crebro in poculis, 
Tara &c. 

Dolo coBSuimus, 
Nihil metuimiis, 

Tara &c. 

Penniis noe deficit, 
PrsBda nos reficit, 

Tara &c. 

Prater cathoUce, 
Vir apostolice, 

Tara &c. 

Die quae volueris 
Fient quae jusseris, 
Tara &c. 

Omnes mctuite 
Partes gramaticae, 
Tara &c* 

Quadruplex nebulo 
Adest, et spolio, 

Tara &c. 

Data liceiicia, 
Crescit amentia, 

Tara &c. 

Papa sic proccipit, 
Frater non decipit, 
Tara &c. 

Chare fratercule, 
Vale et tempore, 

Tara &c* 

Qiiando revertitur, 

Tara &c. 

Nosmet respicimus, 
El vale dicimus, 

Tara &c, 

Corporum noxibus, 
Cordium amplexibus, 

Tara tantara teyno. 




Ftom MS. Cotton. Vespas. A, %xy, toL 50, v% temp. Hen* VIII, 

So longe may a droppe fall. 
That it may perse a stone ; 
So longe trewthe may thrall, 
That it shall scarce be knowen. 

So longe may poweres wynke. 
To lawgh at this or that, 
That untruthe stall not shrynke 
To say she cares not whatte. 

So longe errore may raigne. 
And untruthe soo increase, 
That it shal be mutche payne 
The same agayne to cease. 

So longe lies may be cryed 
Unto the peoples eares, 
That whan truthe shal be tried, 
Ytt may be with surae teares, 

So longe we may goo sekc 
For that which is not fane. 
Till ended be the week, 
And we never the narre. 

So longe we may be blynde, 
Yf we fele not tlie greefe. 
That harde wil be to fynde 
For our disease reefe. 

So longe we may forgete 
Owre dutie unto Godj 
That sore we shal be bette, 
And yet see not the rodde* 

So longe we may in vaine 
Forsake the way and pathe, 
That grete shal be our paine, 
Whan God shall shew his %vrath, 

So loDge may God permytte 
Us wretches to offende. 
That it shall passe mans wytt 
The fawte for to amende. 


So longe, if we have grace, 
Goddes mercy we may crave^ 
That in dew tyme and space 
I trusle we shall it have. 




Prom MS. Cotton. Vespai. A. stxv. fol 136, v*". temp. Hen. VIII. Some parts 
of ihii iong are almost defaced in the MS. and reiy difficult to decipher, 

Newes! newes! newes! newes[ 
Ye never herd so many newes ! 

A . * . . . upon a strawe^ 
Cudlyng of my cowe, 
Ther came to me jake-dawe, 
Newes ! newes ! 

Our dame mylked the mares talle, 
The cate was lykyng the potte ; 
Our mayd came out wyi a Hayle, 
And layd her under fat. 
Newes ! ne^es ! 

In ther came our next neyghbur, 
Frome whens I can not tell; 
But ther hegane a hard scouer, 
'' Have yow any musterd to sell 1" 
Newes ! newes ! 

A cowe had stolyn a clafe away, 
And put her in a sake ; 
Forsoth I sel no puddynges to day, 
Maysters, what doo youe lake t 
Newes ! newes f 

Robyne is gone to Hu[n]tyngton, 
To bye our gose a flayle ; 
Lyke Spip, my yongest son, 
Was fiuntyng of a snalle* 
Newes! newest 


Our mayd John was her to-morowei 
I wote not where she berwend(]); 
Our cate lyet syke, 
And takyte gret sorowe* 



From MS. Arandel. 292, f. 73, ▼•. fourteenth centoiy, wrilteii u prote. 

Swarte smekyd smethes smateryd with smoke 

Dry ve me to deth wyth den of here dyntes ; 

Swech noys on nyghtes ne herd men nevere, 

What knavene cry and clateryng of knockes. 

The cammede kongons cryeii after col ! col ! 

And blowen here bellewys that al here brayn brestes. 

Huf! puf! seith that onjiaf ! paf! that other, 

Thei spyttyo and spraulyn and spellyn* many spelles. 

Thci gnauen and gnaccheii, they gronys to-gydere, 

And holdyn hem hote with here hard hamers. 

Of a bole hyde ben here barm-felly s, 

Here schankes ben schakcled for the fere flunderys, 

HevT hameiy^s thei ban that hard ben handled, 

Stark strokes thei stryken on a stelyd stokke, 

Lus ! bus! las! das! rowtyn be rowe, 

Swech dolful a dreme the devyl it to-dry ve ! 

The mayster longith a Htyl, and lascheth a lesse, 

Twineth hem tweyn and towchith a treble, 

Tik! tak! hie! liac ! tiket! laket! tyk ! tak! 

Lus! bus! lus! das! swych lyf thei ledyn, 

AUe clothe merys, Cryst tern gy%'e sorwe ! 

May no man for bretiwateres on nyght han hys rest. 

* An interlinear ^slois in n later hand has tche qfhem at othere. 





From MS. DSgb^^ 86, at Oiford, wrilton In the rei^ of Edward I* 
a comence le cuntent par entre le mauvis ei la russmoie. 

Somer is comen wilh love to tonne, 
With blostme and with brides toiine, 

The note of hasel spriiigeth ; 
The dewes darkneth in the dale, 
For longina^ of the nijttogale, 

Tins ibweles murie singeth. 

Hie herde a strif bitweies two. 
That on of wele, that other of wo, 

Bitwene two i-fere ; 
That on hereth wimmen tliat hoe beth hende, 
That other hem wole withe mi^te shende, 

That strif 36 mo we 11 i-here. 

The nijtingale is on hi nome, 
That wol shilden hem from shome. 

Of skathe hoe wele hem skere : 
The threstelcok hem kepeth ay, 
He seith bi n'ljie and eko hi day 

That hy beth fendes i-fere. 

'' For hy biswiketh euchan mon 
That raest bileveth hem ouppon ; 

They hy beo milde of chere, 
Hoe beth fikele and flas to fonde. 
Hoe wertheth wo in euchan londe, 

Hit were l>etere that hy nere.'* 

'* Hit is sheme to blame levedy, 
For hy beth hende of corteisy, 

Ich rede that thou lete : 
Ne wes nevere bruche so strong 
I-broke wilh rijte ne with wrongs 

That mon ne mijte bete, 

Hy gladicth hem that beth wrowe, 
Bothe the heye and the lovve, 

Mid some hy cunne hem grete : 
This world nere nout, ^if winien nere 
I-maked hoe wes to mones fere, 

Nis nothing al so swete.'* 



" I ne may wimen herien nohut, 

For hy beth swikele and false of thohut. 

Also ich am ounderstonde ; 
Hy beth feire and bri^t on hewe, 
Here thout is fals and ountrewe, 

Ful jare ich have hem fonde. 

Alisaundre the king meneth of hem ; 
In the world nes non so crafti mon, 

Ne non so riche of londe, 
I take witnesse of monie and fele. 
That riche weren of worldes wele, 

Muche wes hem the shonde." 

The ni^tingale hoe wes wroth : 

" Fowel, me thinketh thou art me loth, 

Sweche tales for to showe : 
Among a thousent levedies i-tolde, 
Ther nis non wickede i-holde, 

Ther hy sitteth on rowe. 

Hy beth of herte meke and milde ; 
Hemself hy cunne from shome shilde, 

Withmne boures wowe ; 
And swettoust thing in armes to wre. 
The mon that holdeth hem in gle 

Fowel, wi ne art thou hit i-nowe." 

" Gentil fowel, seist thou hit me, 
Ich habbe with hem in boure i-be, 

I-haved al mine wille ; 
Hy willeth for a luitel mede, 
Don as unfoul derne dede, 

Here soules for to spille." 

*' Fowel, me thinketh thou art les, 
They thou be milde and softe of thes. 

Thou seyst thine wille ; 
I take witnesse of Adam, 
That wes oure furste man, 

That fond hem wyde and ille.'* 

" Threstelcok, thou art wod. 
Other thou const too litel good, 

This wimen for to shende : 
Hit is the swetteste driwerie. 
And mest hoe commen of curteisie, 

Nis nothing also hende. 


The mest murthe that mon haveth here, 
Weniie hoe is maked to his fere 

In amies for to wcnde. 
Hit is shome to blame levedi ; 
For hem thou shalt gon son, 

Of londe ich wiile the sende.** 

" Nijtiogale, thoo havest wrong, 
Walt thou me senden of this loud. 

For ich holde with the rinte, 
I take witnesse of sire Wawatn, 
That Jhesu Crist jaf mi^t and main, 

And strengthe for to finite. 

So wide so he hevede i-gon, 
Trewe ne founde he nevere noii 

Bi daye ne bi ni^tte, 
Fowel, for thi false mouth, 
Thi sawe shal ben wide couth, 

I rede the fle with mijtte. 

Ich habbe leve to ben here. 
In orchard and in erbere, 

Mine songes for to singe ; 
Herdi nevere bi no levedi, 
Hote hendinese and curteysi, 

And joye hy gunnen me bringe. 

Of muchele murthe hy telleth me, 
Fere, also I telle the, 

Hy hveth in longioginge. 
Fowel, thou sitest on ha^el boii, 
Thou lastest liem, thou havest wou, 

Thi word shal wide springe. 

Hit springeth wide, wel ich wot, 
Hou tel hit him that hit not, 

This sawes ne beth nout newe 
Fowel, herkne to mi sawe, 
Ich wile the telle of here lawe, 

Thou ne kepest nout hem, I knowe. 

Thenk on Constantines quene. 
Foul wel hire semcde few and grene, 

Hou sore bit son hire rewe ; 
Hoe fedde a crupel in hire hour, 
And helede him with covertour, 

Loke war wimmen ben trewe,'* 



That hy ne wercheth wo in londe, 
Other bringeth men to shonde, 

And that is wel i-seene. 
And they we sitten therfore to striven, 
Bothe ol madnes and of wive, 

Soth ne seist thou ene," 

*' O fowel, thi mouth the haveth i-shend, 
Thoru %vam wel al this world i*wend 

Of a maide nieke and milde ; 
Of hire s prong that holi bern, 
That boren wes in Bedlehem, 

And temeth al that is wilde. 

Hoe ne weste of sunne ne of shame, 
Marie wes ire ri^te name, 

Crist hire i-shiide ; 
Fowel for thi false sawe, 
For beddi the this wode shawe. 

Thou fare into the fiJde.'* 

" Ni|ttiogale, I wes woed, 
Other I conthe to luitel goed, 

With the for to strive : 
I sage that icham overcome, 
Thoru hire that bar that holi some. 

That soffrede woundes five. 

Hi swerie hi his holi name, 
Ne shal I nevere suggen shame 

Bi maidnes ne hi wive ; 
Hout of this londe willi te, 
Ne rechi nevere weder I fle, 

Awai ich wille drive." 




From MS. LtnBd. 702, ft>l. 0, t«, of Ibe flfteenili century, 

Tfiise been the iz. answers which God gave to a cerieyn 
crethte that desired to wit whate thinge was moost plesure to 
hym in this worlde, 

1 . Yeve thy almes unto poore folke whilest thowe livest, for 
that pleaseth me more than thowe gavest a grete hill of golde 
after thy deth» 



2. Yeve out teres for thy synnys and for my passion, for 
that pleaselh rae more than thowe wepte for worldly thinges 
as moch water as in the see. 

3. SufFre no} ious wordis with a meke harte, for that pleas* 
eth me more than tho^\^e bete thy hody with as many roddys 
as grow en in an hundred wodys. 

4. Meke thyself and hreke thy slepe and yelde owte 
preyers, for that pleaseth me more than thowe sentest xij. men 
of thjne owne coste to the Holy Lande< 

5. Have compassion the secke and poore, for that pleaseth 
me more than thowe fastesth fifty wynter brede and water. 

6. Save no bakbituig wordiSj but shon from them, for that 
pleaseth me more than thowe yedest barefote that men rayght 
Iblowe thye stappis of blode. 

7. Love thy nayghher, and turne alle that he saithe or dothe 
to good, for that pleaseth me more than yf thowe every da) e 
enspired to heven. 

8. Whatesower thowe aske, aske it firste of God, for that 
pleseth me more than yf my Moder and all the Saintes in 
heven praied for the. 

9. Me onely love, and alle other for me, for that pleaseth 
me more than yf tho\\e every daye eoo npon a whele isttkking 
fiille of nayles that shulde prik thy body through. 



From MS. CoUoo. Juliug D, xi. fot. 84, r**. in a hand of llie foiu'teenth 


Errores Valdemium. 

Primus, quod ecclesia Romana est domus mendacii et a Deo 

Item, quod soli Deo est obediendum. 
Item, quod papa non habet tantam potestatem quantam sanctns 

Fetrus, nisi sit ita sanctus sicut sanctus Petrus. 
Item^ quod censura ecclesiaj Romanaj non est timenda, quia 

ejus praelati non possunt aliquid solvere vel ligare. 
Item, quod ordincs Romana? ecclesiEC non sunt a Deo sed a 

traditioTie hominum. 
Item, quod mali sacerdotes curiae Ronmnee non possunt con- 

ficere cm" us Christi, quare non est credendum, vene- 

randurr^ -'t percipiendum ut taJe» 



Item, quod etiam laicus de secta ipsortim potest conficere, imo 

etiam mulier. 
Item, quod nori est nii^i semel in anno conficiendum, modumque 

nefandissirnum habcnt. 
Item, quod ipsi sunt raissi a Deo cum potentate apositolorum. 
Item, quod ipsi possunt sine licentia cnjuscunque prBedicare, 
Item, quod plus habet do auctoritate bonus kicus quani mains 

sacerdos, quia quantum habet quis de bonitate tantum 

habet de auctoritate. 
Item, quod mere laici etiam coiijugBlide ipsorum secta possimt 

confessiones audire. 
Item, quod omne juramentum est peccatum mortale. 
Item, quod omne mendaciura peccatum mortale est. 
Item, quod non e^t credendum purgatorium post banc vitam. 
Item, quod orationes, misscB, elemosina?^ el alia suffragia facta 

pro defunct is, non valent, quia non sunt nisi propter 

avaritiam inventa» 
Item, quod non ulla sunt ve! fuerunt miraciila in curia Romana. 
Item, quod iodulgentife sumraorum pontificum et aliorum 

prselatornm nichil valent* 
Item, quod sancti non audiunt orationes nostras, nee est ad 

ipsos recurrenduni. 
Item, quod peregrinationes in nul!o proficiunt. 
Item, quod solus dies dominicus est feriandus, quia alia festa 

sunt festicula* 
Item, quod non est crucibus nee ymaginibus defferendum, 

quia sunt ydola. 
Item, quod sacramenta ecclesia? propter qu^estum sunt inventa, 

et propter quae stum ministrantur. 
Item, quod bonilas vel mabtia ministrorum auget vel diminuit 

virtutem sacramentorum. 
Item, judicare homioem ad mortem quacunque de causa est 

peccatum mortale. 
Item, quod decimal sacerdotibus Roraanee ecclesiae non sunt 

It^m, quod ecclesia Romana ex invidia et malitia persequitur 

ipsos, quia veritatem decent. 
Item, quod nuUus extra sectam ipsorura salvatur. 
Item, dccelando ipsos, quia ipsorum magistros detegere est in- 

expiabile peccatum. 
Item, quod non sunt dicenda? orationes quarum actores 

Item, quod non est dicenda Ave Maria, quia ejus actor ignoratur, 
Item^ habent etiam inter se niixtura abhominabile, et perversa 

docmata ad hoc apta, sed nou reperitur quod abu- 

tantur in partibus islis a multis temporibus. 


Item, in aliquibus aliis partibus apparet eis dEemon sub specie 
et figura cati, quern sub ciiuda sigillalim osculantur. 

Item^ in aliis partibus super unum baculum certo unguento 
perunctum equitant^ et ad loca assignata ubi volu- 
erint congregaotur in inoraeiito dum voluiit. Sed la- 
ta in istis partibus non inveniuntur. 


From MS. Lambelh, a06, fol. 195^ of the flaeientli century. 

Women, women, love of women 
Make bare purs with some men. 
Same be nyse as a nanoe bene, 

Jit al thei be nat so ; 
Some be lewde, some all be skreude, 

Go schrewes wher thei goo* 

Sura be nyse, and some be fonde, 
And some be tame y undirstonde, 
And some cane take brede of a manys honde ; 
Yit all thei be nat so. 

Some cane part withouten hire, 
And some make bate in eviri chire, 
And some cheke-niate withoute sire ; 

Yit all they be nat so. 
Some be lewde, and some be schreued ; 

Go wher they go» 

Some be browne, and some be whit, 
And some be tender as accripe ; 
And some of theym be cbiry ripe ; 

Yit all thei be not soo. 
Sume be lewde, &c. 

Some of them be treue of love, 
Benethe the gerdelle, but nat above; 
And in a bode above cane chove ; 

Yit all thei do nat soo. 
Some be lewde, &c. 

Some cane wbister, and some cane crie ; 
Some cane flater, and some cane lye ; 
And some can sette the moke awrie ; 

Yit all thei do nat soo. 
Sume be lewde, &c. 


He that made this songe full good, 

Came of the nor the and of the sot hern hi ode. 

And somewhat kyne to Robyn Hode ; 

Yit all we be nat soo. 
Some be lewde, &c. 



From a eoOection of wooden fortune ciirda, of llie time of Queen Elizabetlii 
in tbe poasessloti of CbaHes llabbage^ Eaq. 

Thou art the hapiest raaii alyve, 
For everye thiiige dotlie make the thryve ; 
Yet maye thy wyffe thy maister bee, 
Wherfor take thryfte and all ffor mee. 

And he that reades thys verse even nowe 
Maye hope to have a lowringe lowe, 
"Whose lookes are nothi ngr* lyked soo badde, 
As ys her tonge to make hym madde. 

Aske thou thy wyffc yflCe she can tell^ 
Whether thou in maryage hast spede well ; 
And lett her speake as she dot he knowe, 
For XX. pounde she wyll saye noo. 

A w^ffe that maryethe hushandes three, 
Was never wyshede therto by rnee ; 
I wolde my -vx^yffe sholde rather dyee, 
Then for my deathe to wep or cryee. 

Iff that a batcheler thou bee, 
Kepe the soo style, be ruled by mee, 
Leste that repentance, all to latte, 
Rewarde the withe a broken patte. 

I AT thou be younge then inarye not yett. 
Iff thou be olde thow haste more wytt ; 
For younge mens wyves wyll not bee taught, 
And olde mens wyves bee good for naught. 

I shrowe hys hart that maryed mee, 

My wyffe and I cann never agree ; 

A knavishe queiine by J is I doo sweare, 

The good mans bretche shee thinkes to were. 

Receave thy hape as fortune sendethe. 
But God yt ys that fortunne lendethe ; 



Wherfore yff ihow a shrewe hast gotte, 
Thinke with thyselfe yt ys thy lotte. 

Take upp thy fortune wytlie good hape, 
Wylli rytches thou doste fyle thy lappe; 
Yetles;$e were better for thy store. 
Thy quyetnes sholde be the more. 

Thou haste a shrowe to thy good man, 
Perhapes an unthryfte to ; what tlian 1 
Kepe hym as longe as he caan lyve, 
And at hys ende hys paseport geve. 

Thou maist bee poore : and what for that 1 
Howe yf thou hadest neither cape nor hatte ! 
Thy mynde maye yet so quyet bee, 
That thou matst wyne as much as iij\ 

Tiiys woman maye have husbandes f}^e, 
But never whilst shee ys aly ve ; 
Yet dothe shee hoope soo well to spedde. 
Gave upp thy hoope, yt sliall not nedde. 



From ft copy of Caxton'fl Mirrour of ike W<frhlt or th'ymag^ <^the #ame, 
fol* Lotid, 1481, in the King's Library in the Dntish Museum, toL uU. v"| 
writlen by &ome owDer of tlje book in (lie year \h2<}^ 

A good medesyn yff a maydhave lost tier madened to 
make her a mayd ageyn, 

Yff a ^ong woman had a c. men take, 

I can her ageyne a mayd make, 

With a lytylle medesyne 

That ys wertows frely fyne. 

So that she wylle yt take. 

She must be wondyrly ffed. 

And leyd in an esy bed. 

In a hot hows ; 

She must he wondjTly fed and we lie 

Wythe good chekenys and grewell, 

And wythe good fat sw^yiiys sow so ; 

She niust have i . . . ed and a lowse, (?) 

Wyth the sownd of a belle 

She must have the ney jyng of a mere, 


And ix. li' of gnattys smere, 

And do as I yow telle. 

She must have all so 

The a\!I of a mytys too, 

"With (he krekc of a henne, 

And the ly^the of a glaweworrae in the derke, 

"With ix. skyppy*? of a larke, 

And the lanche of a wrenne, 

She must have of the \\ yntyrs nyjhte 

vij, myleof the mone-lych^ 

Fast knyt in a bladder ; 

3e must niedyl ther among 

vij. Wellsshemeos song, 

And hang yt on a lader ; 

Slie must have the left fot of an ele, 

Wyth the krekynge of a cart-whele* 

Wele hoylyd on a hcrdyll ; 

Je must caste ther upon 

The mary of a whetstone, 

And the lenthe of Judas gerdylle. 




From the copy of Cajtton*i QamM qf ChesiOf foL Lond. 1474| lo tbe King'! 
Library I iu the Uritiali Museum ; written by John WiUon, tempt Hen. VI L 

In word and eke in dede 
Obey thy livinge Lorde, 
Him serve with feare and drede, 
Namely wliiche is thy God* 
Within thy hearte and minde 
Judge no evill of thy freinde ; 
Love God with all thy hearte, 
So shahe thou not fele the smarte 
Of Goddes most cruell rodde ; 
Never put thy truste from God. 
Finis t a nod M^tlkon, 



From MS. Lannd. 210, foK 80| v*, time of Alarj. 

The sayng qfolde Uousimtdmen* 

That the hasty or tymly sovvyng 
Somtyme yt faylyth, 



Buti to late sowyng 

Seldom or never wyl! prevyth* 

Many a mae wylle go bare, 
And take moche kark and care^ 
And hard he wyll fare, 

AUe the days of hys lyfe ; 
And after comyth a knave. 
The worst of a thrave, 
And alle he shalle have 
For weddyng of hys wyffe. 



From MS. Sloan. 775, foL 55, V, of the IStli century. 

In whom is trauthe, pettee, fredome, and hardyni 
He is a man inheryte to gentylmene* 
Off thisse virtues iiij* who lakkylh iij., 
He aught never gentylmane called to be. 



Prom MS. Harl* 4294, of tlie ftftecnth c^titiirjr. 

He hathe my ne hart everydele. 

That cane love true, and kepe yt wele* 

Sit amonges the knyghtes alle. 
At te counselle but ye be caUe, 
And see and sey nott alle ; 

Whatsoever ye tbynk avyse ye wele* 

In bower amonges the byrdes bryghte 
Spare thy tong and spend thy syghte, 

. , ace, be nott to lyghte; 

Whatsoever, &c- 

Wlien thou goo to the nale, 
Synge as a nyghtyngale ; 
Beware to whom thou telle thy tale. 
Whatsoever, &:c. 

Laughe never with no lewde crye^ 
Rage nott for no velony, 
,..,»,. ryBaudry! 
Whatsoever, &c. 


And thow goo unto the wyne, 
And thow thynk yt good and fyne, 
Take thy leve whane yt ys tyme. 
Whatsoever, &c. 

With thy tong thou mayst thyselfe spylle, 
And with tonge thou mayst have alle thy [wylle] ; 
Her and se, and kepe the stylle. 
Whatsoever, &c, 



j 1 piibUflhed an edition of thia earty mimcle^play, 1 haye discovered 
&nollier copy, of the time of Edward I., in MS, Digby, 86 ; and as the pro- 
logue contains B€!vem] variations from the other copiesj it may witli propriety 
^d a place in this coHection. 

Hau Jhesti Crist kerowede kelle, 
Ofharde gates ich wille telle, 

Leve frend, nouheth stille, 

Lesteth that idi tellen wille, 

Ou Jhesu fader him bithoute. 

And Adam hout of helle broute. 

In helle was Adam and Eve, 

That weren Jhesu Crist wel leve ; 

And Seint Johan the Baptist, 

That was newen Jliesu Crist; 

Davil the prophcte and Abraham, 

For the sunnes of Adem ; 

And moni other lioli mon. 

Mo then ich on tellen con; 

Till Jhesu fader nom Acs and blod 

Of the maiden Marie god. 

And suth then was don ful michel some, 

Bonden and beten and maked ful lome, 

Tille that Gode Friday at non, 

Thenne he was on rode i-don, 

His honden from hi>; body wonden, 

Nit here niijte hoe him shenden. 

To helle sone he nom gate 

Adam and Eve hout to take ; 

Tho the he to helle cam, 

Suche wordes he bigan* 





From the comm outplace book of Roger Coliimbell, of Darlcf Hall, Dt?r- 
bysliire, Addit. MS. in Mufl. Brit. No, 6702* Many ofihe eatiiea are dated 
in 1588. 

FoL 84. 

Mem. that I payd WyMam Halley, the xxxth daye of June, 
1586, llie last payment ior my three new windoos about then 
finished, 9s. Gd., and for the same \\'orke I had delivered hym 
before at severall tymes 3U. Sd., so that for tliys worke I have 
now payde h>Tii hys dewe covenant, which was 40*., and ijrf, 
more I wherof the to we great windoos be to be mesured by 
foute, contayne 5 skore and one foute, which weare at Sd. every 
footejust 25^. 3rf., and the litie window I take to be 18*«no 
foute, which wear 4s. 6d, to be hewen by greatt by lyke prise. 

Stuff bought at Darby agaynst my dawghter Tranthes 
weddinge, God prosper hyr ! vid. the . , of September, 1587. 

In primis, accteclothe of j. yerd. di. and d. q. . , . 17^. 6d. 

It* igiene yards of tace prise ........ fo. 

It'di. j.oz ofsylke , . . . . 12cf. 

It* for 3 dosen buttons - , . 9rf. 

It' j yard& di. of fiistion 18rf, 

Sume 26.?. 9rf. 

It' for Peter, ij yards sylle rashe 6s. 8rf. 

For j dosen & di. of greate buttons for him. . * . ISd, 

For half j. elne mockade for Tranthe 14f/. 

For di. a yard of fustian 6d* 

j qr. of taffata to lyne hyr pinions Qd, 

For halfe one cine of lawiie for her 3^. 3rf. 

For fringe & lace for a peticote 2j. 

j. qr, Sl di, of fringe lace 5d, 

That time spent 3(f. 

Sumnm 16^. 3d, 
Sum ma totalis 43^. 

For ij payre of Jersey boose 

For 4 elnes chan gable taffata for hyr gowne . 
For lace, silke, and ffrindge for the same gowne 
For fustian ij. yards & demy ,...., 
Hoose ij payre *..*...,.. 
Crule ffringe and lace for my wyves peticote . 
Silke lace for a peticote vid, 3 yards & di. . 
2 yardes and 3 quarters changeable tofft tafata 

Lace and ffringe for her kirtle 

A girdle and Mocbeado for their doerbodyes (!) 

13.?. 4i 



as, 8c/. 

2s. 8d. 

2s, 6d 



fbl* 65, ▼«. 

for a cote and a dublet of lether made 1579* 

Imp*, is for one yerd and iij, qr. brode cloth . . xvijs. Bd. 

for 40Li yardes of lace 12s* 

for one oz. Spayuishe sylke ...... 2s, 

suinma 31^. 6d. 

IV for 10 yerds yebw lace that went to my lether 


for 4 scaynes yelow sylke . p 

for 3 dosen buttons . . 

for bumbast *12* and tafita 



foi. eg. 

1586. Reckned Avith Roger Ball, on Easter eve for hys 
years wage now paste, which m xxvj^. Sd., wherof stopte upp 
for the rent of hys howf^e and hys croft with 4 buttes in the 
felde 4^. 8d., and for hys other closes 14.?*, for haye in Darley 
Pes 3,y., for a strike of wheate 3^., and for one day plowinge 
\0d' Sume 25^., and now delivered hym 2j., so that he is now 
Ad, in my dett. 

A dewtye belonging of oulde tyme to the churches. Every 
house payd at Easter for small tithing^es ij.d. ob., one garden 
penyi j. reeke penye, j. farthynge called a waxfarthinge, and 
another called a chaddfarthinge, the waxfarthinge for lygbt of 
the alter, the chaddfartbinge to hallow the fonte for christining 
of children and for oyle and creame to anoyle sicke folkeswyth. 

The parson had the garden penye for tythinge, and the 
bisshop had the j,d. ob. Then the parsons charge was to fynde 
bread and wyne to serve with at Easter of hys paseroulL 
And the parishe by howserowe to fynde every sun d aye in the 
yeare j. penye white lofe tor holye bread, and a halpeny for 

wyne to receyve the with, 



From MS. Hart. 2252, foL B4, yro, of the time orHeii37 VIII. 

O naestres whye 
Owtecaste am I 
All utterly 

From your plesaunce ! 
Sythe ye and I, 
Or this truly, 

Have had parlaunce. 



And lovjmgly 
Ye wolde aply 
My company 

To my comforte ; 
But now truly 
Ye do deny 

Me to resorte, 

And me to see 
As strange ye be, 
As thowe that ye 

Shuld nowe deny, 
Or else possede 
That nobylnes 
To be doches 

Of great Savoy. 

But sythe that ye 
So straonge will be 
As toward me. 

And wyll not medylle, 
I truste percase 
To fynde some grace, 
To Ikave free chayse. 

And spede as welle. 



Another eop7 of llieae curiou» proverba (printed at p. 100 of the preteiit 
volume,) b found iu MS. Digby, 86. We give the commeiiceiiieDt. 

H('nding ike Heude, 
Jhesu Crist, all this worldes red. 
That for oare sunnes wolde be ded 
On that hob rode Lre, 
He Icle ous alle to ben wise 
And enden in his servise, 
Araen, per seinte charite* 

Wit and wisdom lernelh feme, 
And loke that no man other werne 

To ben fid wis and hende ; 
For bet ere were to ben wis. 
Than to werren for and gris, 

Were se mon sbal ende. 
* Wit and wisdom is god wareis,* 
Quod Hendyng. 


May no nion that is in londe, 
For nothing that he eon fondL% 

Wonen at horn and spcde 
Fele thpwes for to lerc^, 
So he tljat liaveth wide were 

Fouht in fele thede ; 
' Also fele thedcs also fele thewes/ 
Quod Heading. 




From MS, Douce, 104; oo the last pag« of a fine MS. of Piers Plowmati, of 
the end of the fourteenth century. > > /^ 

Tutivillus, the devyl of hell, ^ 

He wryteth har names, sothe to tel, 

adinisi^a extrahantes. 
Beit wer be at tome ibr ay, 
Than her to serve the devil to pav, 

sic vana famulantes. 
Tho* women that sitteth the church ahout, 
Thai Ijeth al of the develis rowre, 

divina inpotentes. 
But thai be stil, he wtl ham qyell, 
With kenc strokes draw hem to hell 

ad palientiam flentes. 
For his love that ^au der bo^jth^ 
Hold jou stil, and fangel no^th, 

sordem aperte dcprecantes. 
Theblis of heven than njay ^e wyn, 
God bryng tis al to his in, 

Amen semper dicentes. 
Umie Beda.—Qni osculatvr merefricem pulsat campanam 




From MS. BodL 623, Hern. 2157, of th© fifteenth c^ntary, 
verses at pp. 127, £05, of this volume. 

See simitar 

Witt hath wonder, that reason ne can 
Telle hough niayde is moder and God is man ; 
Lett be till reason, lett be thy wonder; 
For feithe is above and rea,so\in is under. 
2 H 


Hoc mens ipsa stupet, qucMj non sua ratio cernet, 
Quomodo %*irgo pia genet rix sit sancta Maria ; 
Hac Deiis alnius homo, sed credat ratio miro, 
Namque fides superest cum perfida ratio subsit 



From MS. Aahmole, 176, of ihe sixteen th century, 

Ravysshed was I, that well was me, 

Lord to mo so fayn<^ ; 
To see that sight that I dyd see, 

1 longe full sore ageyne. 

I saw a kynge and a prynces 

Daunsynge before my face, 
Most lyke a God and a Goddesse, 

I pray Christ save their grace ! 

This King to see, whom we have songe, 

His vertues be right muchc ; 
But this prynces being so yonge, 

There can be found none suche. 

So facunde fayre she ys to see, 

To her lyke ys none of her age ; 
Withoiite grace yt cannot be, 

So yonge to be so sage. 

This King to sec wilh his fayre floure, 

The mother standing bye ; 
Yt dot he me good yet at this houre. 

On them when that thinke L 

I pray Christ save father and mother, 

And this yonge ladye fayre ; 
And send her shortlye a brother, 

To be Englandes righte heire. 



From M9, Had. 2252, fol. 84. ir% of the lime of Henry VIU* 

Som do entende 

There yowthe for to spende, 

Tyll hy t be at an ende» 

Or they wyll mary ; 



For ihey do haste pretend, 
Fortune w^yll do coodyssend 
There substance to amend 
By a great lady. 

But sche that hathe grete rente. 
When there corage ys spente, 
Wyll nothynge be contente, 
With them to mary. 

Tho that so do use 
Of hys degree to muse, 
Tyll yowth do them refuse, — 
They do oftyne varye. 

Ye that hathe good subs tans, 
Take ye one for your pleriauiicei 
Gentylly to have dalyaunce, 

Whvlys that your yowthe dothe tary, 



Fr^m MS. HarL 941, fol. 23, v<*, of the time of Edward IV. 

I wold lene but I ne dare, 
I have lant I will bewarre ; 
When y lant y had a frynd. 
When y hym asked he was unkynd : 
Thus of my frynd y made my foo, 
Therefore darre I lene no moo. 
I pray yo of your gentihiesse 
Report for no unkyndnesse* 


From MS. llodl. Oxon. S51, Bent. 3041, of the fifteenth ecntur^r. 

Be God and Saint Hillare, 
Mi clerk was of il lare. 
Wan he red hillar 

Long in is pistil. 
I swere be mi chatter, 
I weld that Sis Allkar, 
Rihte with hir ers bar 

Had pist in this wistiL 

I am a hert, I am no are, 
Onys I fley, I wel no mare; 
It is i-write in my hod, 
That I atn a swyere god* 



I am an hare, I am non hert, 
Onys I fley and let a fert; 
?e mow se by my hod, 
My hert is nuwi, my hed is wod. 



From MS. HarL 957, fol. 27, v*. of the fottrteeath centuiy, 


Prid man I the forbede 

If thou be god and feyr and wis, 
Of wytte, of word, of thont, of ded, 

Thank God, for al is his, 


En\i for lak of at thinges 

Even als it es delt in two ; 
Of manslathtring haf na langinges, 

Ne of his wel be thou noyt wo. 


Ire thou do out of thin hert, 

That wirkis bat uiht and day ; 
If it brieve yt sal be that 

Thou sal bathe fraist and fanday. 



From Henslowe^s Diary in tbe Library of Dulwicb CoUcge, temp* £]ixAli«tli« 

To hiow wher a tkinge u that is stolen. 

Take vergine waxe and write upon yt" Jasper -|- Melchi- 
sor-^ BaUhasar -^'\ and put yt und<?r his head to whome the 
good partayneth, and he shall knowe in his sleape wher the 
thinge is become, 



From M^, Lansd. 702, fol. 3, t". of the fifleenlh century. 
Terram terra tegat, Dmmon peccata resumat, 

Mundus res habeat, spiritus alta petat. 

Terram terra tegat. 
Four poyntis my wille. or I hence departe^ 
Reason me move the to make as I maye. 


First to the erthe I bequethe his parte, 

My wretched careyn h but Ibwle claye, 

Like than to like, erthe in erthe to lave ; 

Silh it is, according by it i wollo abide. 

As for the first parte of my wijle, that erthe erthe hide. 

Dmmon peccata resmnaL 

Myne orrible synnes that so sore me bynde. 

With weight me oppresse, that lyen so many fold, 

So many in numbre, soo sondry in kynde. 

The ffeende by his instaunce to theyni made me bold ; 

From hym they come, to hym I yolde wolde ; 

Wherfore the second parte of my wylle is thus, 

That the fende receyve all my synnes as hys. 

Mundus res kahei, 

Whate availeth goodys, am I ones dede and roten ; 

Them alle and some I leve, peny and pounde, 

Truely or untruely, some I trowe raysgoten. 

Though I wot not of whome, howe, nor in whate grounde ; 

The worldis they been, them in the worlde I founde ; 

And therfore the thirde parte is of my wille, 

Alle my worldly goodes let the worlde have stille. 

Spiritus alia petal. 

Nowe for the fourth poj^ile, and than have I doo; 
Nedefulle for the soule me thinketh to provide ; 
Hence muste I nedes, but whother slialle I goo? 
I dowte my denierytty« which ^\eyen on every side; 
But Goddys mercy shal! I truste to be my guyde, 
Under whoes liecens yet while I maye breth, 
Unto heven on high my soule I bequeth, 



From MS. HarL Nq. 2253, fol. 110, r^. of Itie rci|fn of Edward IL 

Her comensez a bok of swevenyng^ 
That men meteth in slepyng ; 
Tburtli David hit y-founden ys> 
That wes prophete of grete pris. 
Tho he, was in a cyte 
Of Babyloyne, of grete pouste, 
The princes him bysohten alle, 
Bothe in toun ant in halle, 
That he huere swevenes aredde, 



That hiiem thohte a-nyht in bedde. 
And undude hot^re swevenes ariht 
Thurh tlie holi gostes myht. 

Mon that bryddes syth slepynde, 
Him is toward grct wyonyDge. 
Moil that meteth of lomb ant got, 
That tokoeth confort, God y t wot I 
Moo that thuncheth he breketh arraes, 
That y-wis bytokneth liarmes, 
Mon that syth tren blowe ant here, 
Bitokneth wynnyng, ant no lere, 
Mon that styth on tre an heh, 
Gode tidynge him is neb. 
Mon that syth the sky wes clere. 
Of somthing he worth y-hoden here. 
Mon that syth briddes cokkynde. 
Of wraththt? that is toknynge. 
Mon that thoiicheth him beste dryveii, 
His enimy wol with him striven. 
Moo that of cartes met, 
Of dede mon tidyng he het, 
Mon that shet, ant bowe bent, 
Of somtliing he worth y-seod. 
Mon that met of broche ant ryngj 

That bitokneth syker thyng. 

Mon that broche other ryng for-lest, 
He bith bitreyed aire nest. 

Selver seon ant gold bryht. 

That is weder cler ant lyht. 

Eysil drynke ant bitre thyng, 

Som serewc him is comyog, 

Mon that to God doth ofTryng, 

Of gladnesse hit is tydyng, 

Mon in albe other cloth whitj 

Of joie that is gret deht. 

Armes y-sen ant eke bataille, 

Hit is strif ant wrake withoute faille. 

Thilke that hath herd gret ant long, 

He worth of power gret ant strong, 

Mon that thuncheth is herd ys shave, 

That bitokneth harm to ha%^e. 

Armes habbe grete ant longe, 

That is power ich onderstonde. 

Amies habbe sherte ant lene, 

That is feblesse ase at ene. 

Gerlaund whose hath ant croune, 



FoTsotli him worth honour in toune. 

Mon that sith the hevene uodon, 

To al the world hit is wycked won. 

Buen y-shrud in gode clothe, 

That is sykernesse ant counfort bothe* 

Mon that wolde erne, ah he ne may, 

That is scknesse, par/aj/. 

Tap res make, and con die lyhte. 

That is joie, day ant nyhte, 

Bokes rede other here re den, 

That is tidyng of god deden. 

Mon that is In iokyng, 

Deceyte liim is corny n g- 

With kyng speke other emperaur, 

That is dignetd ant honour. 

Heren symphayne^ other harpe, 

That hitokneth wordes sharpe. 

Je that falleth toht other tweyn, 

Thi nexte frendes shule deyn. 

Jet thon makest houses newe, 

Joie ant blisse the shal &iwe, 

Jef thin hous falleth mid the wowe, 

The worth harm ant eken howe, 

Jef thou ridest on hors whyt, 

That is joie ant delyt. 

Reed hors se on other ryden, 

Gode tidinge that wol tiden. 

On hiac hors ryden other seon, 

That wol luere ant tuene buen, 

Mon that meteth hunself sek ys, 

Of wommon accusynge that is. 

That sith himself gomeninge and wod, 

Bitokneth sere we ant no god. 

With suerd other knif whose is smyte, 

Of tuenc he shal eft y-wyte. 

Mon that thnncheth he hath feir face, 

Bitoktieth god ant feir grace. 

Mon that sith him in water cler, 

Of longe ly ve he worth her* 

Blac whosse sith is oune face. 

Him worth blame in uche place. 

Water passen cler ant stille, 

Bitoknetli sikernesse ant wille. 

In water tinkke ant trouble buen, 

Bytokncth bo deceyte ant tuen. 

In diches falle grete ant deope, 



From blame ne shal he him kepe. 

In grete water ase Teraese is throwe, 

Eve I toward he may trowe. 

Mon that syth gvet snow ant hajl^ 

Hit bitokneth gret travail. 

With swerd other knyf fyhte. 

That ys deceyie al aryhte. 

Lombren suen other calf, 

Bytokneth plente on iich halt 

Mon thai sith gesles coqip, 

Y'Wayted he is to buen y-nome. 

Whose sith his fomon in bataiile, 

Anguisse him tid withoute faille. 

Lahtoun make ant to-delve, 

Bylokocth joie to him selvo. 

Mon y-turned into beste, 

That is wraththe ant eke cheste. 

Mon that sith is hou-^i bemynde, 

Fill gret peryl him is comynde. 

Whose hym wo>isheth of cler water other welle, 

Of joie ant wynnyog he shal telle. 

That is bed is wyt whose meteth, 

Gret byjetehit bytokneth. 

Whose tbuncheth is hed is shave, 

Strong hit is from luere him save. 

Whose mcteth is her is long, 

He wroth ol' poer gret ant strong. 

On whan houiides berketh feh^, 

Is Ibmon him foundeth tele, 

Jef thou hast on newe shon. 

Thou shall joie utiderfon. 

Jef the meteth thin shon belh olde, 

In anguisse the worth y-holde. 

3ef the meteth me wosshetb thin heved, 

Sunne ant peril the worth byreved* 

Jef (hon etest of thystles ?urne, 

Thy fomon the fretetb on uche hurne. 

?yi thou si>;t two nione, 

In pouste thou slialt waxe sone. 

Jef the thuncheth thou sist the mone, 

Shapeu of hard the worth to done. 

)ef the thunchftlv thou y-boiuiden art, 

Lattynge the worth strong aut smart. 

Jef thou ha*t a bed of pri^. 

The worth a trewe wyf y-wis. 

Jef thou sist the see ful cler, 


The is god toward ner ant ner. 
Jef the see is yn tempeste, 
The tid anguisse ant eke cheisfe. 
Whose foule sith is honde. 
He is fol of sunne ant shonde. 
Whose meteth him lasso y-maked, 
Of is power he by tli aslaked. 
Jef thou more ant more wext. 
Of god poer thou shalt buen hext* 
Jef mon thuncheth that he is wedded, 
Longe he worth seek in bcdde. 
Mon that thuncheth he ded ys, 
Newe ho us and comfort shal buen his, 
Jef thou with dcde mon spext, 
Muche joie the is next. 
Whose thunchest hims^elf adreint. 
Of desturbaunce he bith ateint* 
Whose britHes nest hath y-founde, 
Good shal to him abounde. 
^ef thou sist thyn havek flen, 
In joie thou shalt weole y-sen. 
Brudale other songos beren, 
Bytokneth plente to altc feren, 
Jef the thuncheth thou gest bare-fot, 
Bytokneth serewe ant no god. 
Jef the thuncheth thou takest veil, 
Bitokneth joie, god, and eyL 
Tren with frut whose sith, 
Bi^ete forsothe that byth. 
Eyr mysty whose syth, 
Desturbaunce that bith. 
Of bestes Mrn Iiated wIjosc sith, 
Luere of frend that byth. 
Cartes urne whose sith^ 
Wraththe of frend that byth. 
D[r]ynke eysd whose syth, 
To sothe seknesse that bith. 
Eryen lond whose him syth. 
Travail for sothe that biili, 
Bert! shave whose syth, 
Muche joie that bith 

Armes other legges mis-turnd wose syth, 
Langour aut mournyng that bith. 
Croune underlbnge whose syth, 
Heththe ant menske that bylh. 
Whit heved whose syth^ 
2 I 



Gret by^ete that byth. 
Heved shave whose syth. 
Wyte him wel deceyte that bith. 
Hoiindes berkynde whose sythj 
Proude von the speketh witb. 
With houndes biset whose him syth, 
Tuene of enymis that bith. 
Wossheo is heved wose syth, 
Of sunne ant peril lo-lyvred be byth. 
Thistles eten whose him sytbj 
Evel speche of foe that byth. 
Hevene y-lejed wose syth, 
Harm in huerte sotliliche bit byth. 
Urne feintliche whose him sith, 
Seknesse that tokneth ant byth, 
Caroles make ant condles lyhte. 
That is joie ant murthe bryhte. 
With maide w^edded whose htm sytb, 
Aiiguisse on soule mon saith that byth. 
Mantel werie whose Mm sytht, 
Confort ant joie that byth. 
Whose the dede speketh wyth. 
Fader other moder, whose hit bith, 
Ase the Latyn seith y-wis, 
That is muche joie ant blis. 
Casten dryoke other mete. 
That a mon hath, er y-et€, 
Other with soster have to donne, 
Other soster taken him to monne. 
That is a bytokenyng 
Of sunne ant of raournyng:. 
His teth falle whose syth, 
Luere of frend ychot that byth, 
Wong-teth blede ant tharewith falle, 
Deth of can we mowe calle. 
Ho us falle other berne whose syth, 
Sclaundre ne may he wyten him wyth, 
Wliite hors ant rede habbe, 
God tydynge withoute gabbe. 
Wondrynde whose hym syth, 
]\Iournyng that bytokneth ant byth. 
Blake hors other falewe habbe> 
Apeyrement, y nul nout gabbe. 
Hymselve dronke whose syth, 
Led drawen other swyn therwyth, 
Feblesse of body that ilke byth. 



Galded other seek whosf* hym sylh, 

Robbed other outlawed thervvyth, 

Wreynge ant grei blame thai byth. 

With yrne y-smife whose him syth, 

Mournynge that ilke byth. 

His face in water whose syth, 

Long lyf that ilke by tli. 

Ys face feyr whose syth, 

Joie ant menske that ilke byth. 

Ys face lodlych whose i^yth, 

Byloknyng of sunne that byth. 

Water cler whose syth, 

Bytoknyng of sykernesse that bytlu 

Water trouble whose syht, 

Wreynge for sothe that ylke bith. 

Wallen soen ant of hem drynke, 

Other in house walle sprynge, 

Joie ant bijete that is toknyTige. 

Water into hous y-bore whose sith, 

Tocknynge of peril that byth. 

Children bueren other habhe. 

That is harm withoute gabbe, 

Joie in swevenyng whose syth, 

Mournyng that tokneth ant byth. 

Mon y-turnd into beste, 

He WTaththed God atte leste. 

Uncomely to bataille gon, 

That is shome of is fon. 

Whose thuncheth him in prisoun, 

That is chalenge ant raunsoun. 

Whose him thuncheth hen peint on bord, 

That is long lif at lut word. 

The mone blody other douo falle, 

Travail ant peril me may calle. 

Himself y-bounde whose may sen, 

Other in swymmynge ben, 

Other wyccnen other weddyng, 

That is travail other gret lattyng, 

Shereo shep whose syth, 

Sothliche harm that byth» 

Whose wepeth in swevenyng, 

Other meteth of cussyng, 

Other palmen may y-sen, 

Joie ant blisse tliat wol ben. 

The Sonne cler whose syth, 

That bilokneth pes ant gryth. 


The soime derk whose may se, 

Peril of kynges tliat wol be. 

The soime reed whose syth, 

Shedyng of blod that tokne byth. 

Sterren of the he%^ene falle, 

Gret bataille that is withalle. 

Tueyn monen at eve y-sen, 

Chaunge of kyng other prince that mai ben. 

Thourne whose thuncheth he syth, 

That betli grete wordes ant styth. 

The erthe quaque whose may sen, 

Harm to thilke stude woi ben. 

Whose geth on hontyng, 

That bytokiieth purchasyng. 

Whose thuncheth tliat he flyth, 

Chaunge of stude that ilke bith. 

Whose sith clothes bernynde, 

Deccite is the bytoknynge. 

Folle vesseles in house y-seii, 

Plente that tokneth to ben. 

Whose thuncheth he God sith, 

Other out that to him biliht. 

That, ase suggeth this clerkes, 

Bytokneth gode werkes, 

Somme seggeth hit is ylle, 

Ant that be at Codes wille. 

Gurdel wos.shen whose syth, 

Choste ychot that ylkc byth. 

Of alle swevenes that men metetht, 

Day other nytht when hue slepetht, 

No mon ne con that sothe thyng 

Telle, bote the hevene kyng, 

He us wyte an warde ho, 

Ant ever shilde us from ur fo. 



From MS. Lansd* 702, fol. 19, ^*. flrtcenth century. 

FarewelCj my frond is, the tide ahideth no man^ 
J am departed from hens, and so shall ye; 
But in this passage the best song that I can. 
Is Mequiem cBternam, nowe Jeshu graunte it me ! 
Whan I have ended all myn adversitie, 
Graunte me in paradise to have a mancion, 
That shed thy blode for my redempcion. Amen ! 

^ ^ HUH 




From M3. H&rL 7371. Hearne tiat prioUd a different vereion from a 
MS. in RawliuBon'8 Library, In the fifth volume of hk edition of Leland*s 
Itinerary. We are Indebted to the Hev. Joseph Hnnter for our knowledge 
of this copy. 

Hervordschir, shild and sper; 
Woseterschir, wringe per. 
Glowseterschir, schow and naile ; 
BristowschiFi schip and saile. 
Oxenibrdschir, gurd mare; 
Warwikschir, bind beare. 
London, globber ; 
Sothery, great braggt-T. 
Schropschir, my schinnes ben scharpe, 
Ley wood to the fir, and yef me my harpe. 
Lankaschir, a fair archer ; 
Cheschir^ thacker. 
Northuraberlond, hastie and hot ; 
Westmerlond, tot for sole I 
Yorkeschir, fall of kni^tes ; 
Lincolnschir, men full of mi^tes, 
Cambridgeschir, full of pikes ; 
Holland, full of dikes. 
Suffolk, full of wiles ; 
Norffolk, full of giles. 
Essex, good huswives ; 
Middelsex, full of strives. 
Kent, as hot as fir ; 
Sussex, full of mir. 
Southampton, dire and wete ; 
Somersets chir, good for wliete. 
I>e\^nschir, mijt and strong ; 
Dorcelschir, wdll have no wrong. 
Willschir, fair and plaine ; 
Barkschir, fill vainc. 
Harvordschir, full of wood ; 
Huntingdonschir, come full good. 
Bedfordschir, is not to lack ; 
Buckingharaschir is his make. 
Northampton, full of love, 
Beneath the girdel, and not above, 
Nottinghamschir, full of boggy s; 
Darbyscbir, full of doggys, 
Leicesterschir, full of benys ; 



Staffordschir, full of shrewd quenys. 
Come wall, full of tyme ; 
Wales, full of gentlemen. 

Probata sunt ista omnia. 



From MS. HarL 7530, foL 35 ; af the flfte«nt1i century. 
Domus punicionis ista habei ha*c septem nomina, 

Primum nomen istius pri^one vacatur, 

A place to bury men that be quyk, 
Here to contenew with bred and watour, 

iiij. att oones putt in oone pytt; 

Here abydyng mercy telle they be quytt ; 
Thus mane is browght downe into quorum^ 
To dwelle inn thys place sepulcrum vivorum. 

Secundum no men isiius career habett 
A place to ponyshe man for his trespas, 

To remember hymselffe whyle he hathe brethe, 
And dayly to labure for raercy and grace, 
To God and hys adversary, duryng the space 

That he abydythe here thus strayte under quorum, 

In thys place namyd castigacio peccatomm. 

Tercium nomen dabiiur isio dimgio, 

DistTuccion of mannys body, name^ and credans ; 
Hys honest6 steynyd, and he replet with sorow and woo ; 

Hys goodes disperp.uled, and he broght to indigens ; 

Hys wvfTe redles, chyldren gydles, servavmtes withdraw 
hym fro ; 
Wyth hunger thurste and cold hjrmselffe ponyshyd to qimrum. 
And for lacke of sewrt^ faste fetterd in destrnciio vivorum. 

Quarium nomen at diet tar laqttei istius, 

Sethe cruelle wylle of every mannys adversary. 

Here to ponyshe hym for dett or wrathe so malicious. 
That here itt is herd to f;j'nde so gud remedy, 
As he shalle att large with labure and policy ; 

Thus by cruelty man is kepte here under quorum, 

Petyously in thys place, vohmtas inimicoj^um* 

Quintum nomen istius fovece iia probatum, 
A place of proff for man to knowe bothe frend and foo ; 



Sum hold aback e, sum nott att home, and sum bethe owte a 


Sum saye well, sum say ille, " why hath he gyil hym soo 1 

Lett hym shyfte and selle that he hath or ever that he goo"* 

Thus man is chast, lackyng sewrl6, and putt under quorum, 

He hath no freodes, the lengere abydjth in probacio amicorum, 

Se3:ium namen vocaiur isiius iurris, 

A place for man to distribute his goode. 

To content the cruellenesse of his grevos adversary. 
And so long to byde in prisone, that for lacke of foode 
He muste be fayne to seUe bothe gowne and hode ; 

For lake of mony straytly kepte here under quonim, 

Wastyng his goodes in thys place disijibuiio bonorumJ 

Sepiem 7iomeft dabiiur iste gaolo. 

Lose of mannys tyme that heve is nott applyed. 

The daye passyth, goodes wastithe, reintes dekeith allesoo ; 
The nyght comethe, to truste our frende he is decey ved, 
Detlours withohly th, for to borow he is denyed ; 

Thus dayly man leseth tyme, the term ys almoste doone, 

God he owre socour, and us kepe fro perdicio temporum, 


yee herttes hard, in weithei eayse, and gretnes^ 
Remember welle thes vij. fold names of prisoune. 

With pyte, alraes, and chary te, prisoners to reles. 

Be mercyfalle, agre» take parte, and sum what pardoone, 
Disdeyne nott to help us, kepe you frome dtscencioune ; 

A mane above is sone under by a draght of chekmate, 

Alle you att large pray God ffor us that be here in Ludgate, 

Explicit, Wottour Grevz. 



From MS. Bib, Reg. 13 D. I. fol. 287, v*, of the fourteentb century. 

Recapitulaiio omnium (errarum civitaiumque (ocius matidu 
Prifno de Asia Anglice lingue. 

This world ys delyd al on thre, 
Asie, Affrike, and Europe, 
Wole ^e now here of Asie, 
How fele londes thereinne be. 
Hejtetene kynges londes 
Ben in Asye the stronge; 


Of tho londes the sixe ben 

By the occeane see, 

India, Aracusia, Persia, 

Assyria, Persis, and Media, 

These alle stooden by that see. 

Mesopotamia, Caldea, Siria, 

Brabia, Bactria, Palestria, 

Iberia, Phenesona, Scicia, Amazonia, 

Albania, Hiriania, Alemannia, 

Capadocia, Colcos, Asia, Sciciliai 

The lasse Asia and the lond of Histria ; 

These ben Prestere Johanes londes ; 

On ys Fenicia, Egj'pte the more, 

And Ruble, Tire, Sidonie, 

The lond of of Macedonie, 

Egypte the lasse, Ethiope, 

Cirenen, and Cicie, Corizame, 

Turia, Caidea, Frieda, Painphilea^ 

Suria, and the lond of Judia : 

These bene alle in Asya. 

Iste sufit terre el civiicUes Affrice. 

By that othere syde is Aufrike 

Tlicreinne stondeth Nadabora, 

Garamancia, Libia, Cireneii, Getulia, 

Gropolitane, Cutense, Ganges^ and Cicia, 

Gotulie and Miniidia, Tingiiric, Mauritania, 

These stondeo in Amona. 

The ferreste londes that bene 

By the est syde of AfTrike, 

Dacie, Gepide, Humie, Huogrie, Arkadie, 

Sciciona, Elladia, Tessalia, Partar, Akaia, 

Ostabares, Ethraa, Ariobares, and Mulcia> 

Agrosetane, Carraso, Carraele, Hore, Arbanie, 

Segor, Selboye, and TheocIiteFj 

These ben alle ferre. 

Parthi, Elaunte, Ferior, Penonie, 

Sebore, and the Tyer cliter, 

These londes bene ferthere, 

Libertre, Calicardaiiia, Aschos, Samaria, 

Para pones, Simbris, Cipher, and Tibris, 

Militigate, Affma, Solumbre, Curia, 

Idapes, Hermenye, Turote, Valerie, Aleas, 

Achaye, Septrie, and Moltie, 

These ben alle in Aufrike* 




In Europe ben londes mo, 
Ac hei ben lasse than tho, 
Girtlonde, Russie, Hun^rie, and Sclavonie, 
Piillane, Pugie, Linge, Hiingrie, and Geptrie, 
Bucedonie, Rodes, CesiLie, Saragunce, 
Puille, Calabre, Romanie, Tharce, 
u Garum, AQuile, Tuscane, and Lomljardie, 
These ben londes s withe fre. 
Lavenne, Campaigne, Burgoine, 
Provence, Fraunce, Norniendie, 
Arraowe, Britaignej Burdeles, 
Spayne, Galys, and Pottyngale, 
Miirce, Cartage, Aragunce, Valace, 
Baskle, Aragun, Navare, and Gascogne, 
Nebiirneis, Gutte, Fordane, and Champaine, 
Beth alle by the suth est see. 
On the North see on on 
Stondeth Flanndres, and Braben, 
Yanond, Saxone, Loerenne, and Snaide, 
Alemaine, Denemarche, Norwey and Tracet 
Venelond, Gutlond, Iselond, Grenelond, 
Maydenelond, Hakeslond, Fryselond, 
Goutlond, Wyteri, Mai, and Scotlond, 
Muref, Gale way, Orkeney, Man, Huitegale, 
Yatis eke in the tale. 

North umberlond, Cunaberlondi Westmerlond, 
Coupelond, Wales, and Engelond, 
Come way le, Irlond, Colrichej and Iselond, 
By the see syde of Irlond. Explicit, 



From the iBslleaf af MS. Reg. 12 D. XI, vrrltred early tD the fourteenth 


Ceo vin crut en croupe de mountaygne en ag».,e dii souleyl a 
deii^ doiz de peez dien. Unqe la vigne ou il cruist n'i fut semee 
ne bechee ne crotee de marie, n'i out porte si ly msinole nen \y 
porta en son beke, ou lessa choier en volant. En ceo vin ai 
extendu .xx. lettres, ces sount treis .b»b,b., treis xx.c, treis 
.s., treis .n. ; huit .ff. Les treis .b. signilient q'ilestbon, bel, 
et blanc* Les treis x. signitlent q'il est court, cresp, et cler, 
Les treis .s. signifient q*il est sein, sad, et saverouse, Les 
treis .n. signifient q'il est net, nais, et natureus. Les vit .fT. 



siignifient q'il est fin, fres, froit, fort, frick, flurant, freigoantj et 
furmcote fort, conie musoo a blaunk moyii, raumpaunt come 
esquirel, decendauiit cum foudrc, poignant come aloyne de 
cordwaiier, il saiit, il trop, iJ nait, il regne, il set .*,ir lange de 
leccher si come mue sus peron de ceo quart ne bevera pur moy 
noun n*.*.* ne bererez atten bon campagnoru 



From the MS. Liber de AntiquU Legi&utf of tho thirteenth century, in 
the poteession of the Corporation of the city of London. Musical notes ate 
added in the ori^uaL 

Ar ne kuthe icli sorgho non, 
Nu ich mot manen nun mon, 

Karful ^\'el sore ich syche ; 
Geltles ihc sholye muchele schame, 
Help God for thin swete name, 

Kyng of hevene-riche. 

Jesu Crist, sod God, sod man, 

Loverd tha rew upon me. 
Of prisun thar ich in am 

Bring me ut and makye fre* 

Ich and mine feren some, 

God wot ich ne \yghe noct, 
For othre habbet misnome, 

Ben in thys prisun i-broct. 

Al-micti, that wel hcth^ 

of bale is hale and bote, 
Hevene king, of this ivoning 

ut us bringe mote, 
Foryhef hem, the wykke men, 
, God ! yhef it is thi wille^ 

For wos gelt we bed i-pelt 

in thos prsun hille, 

Ne hope non to his live, 
Her nemaihe biltve, 
Hegbe thegh he stighe, 

Ded him felled to grunde ; 
Nu had man wele and bhsce, 
Rathe he shal ihar of misse, 
Worldes wele mid y-wise 

Ne lasted buten on stunde* 


Maiden I that bare the hereo king; 
Bisech thin sone, that swete thing, 
That he hahbe of hus rewsing. 
And bring us of this woniug 

For his muchele raisse ; 
He bring hus ut of this wo, 
And hus tache werclien swo, 
In thos live go wu sit go, 
That we moten ey and o 

Habben the eche blisce. 




From MS.Ha3fL4294, foL penult, r^, of the fifteenth century. 

I ana as lyghte as any roe^ 

To preyse womene wher that I goo. 

To onpreyse womene yt were a shame, 
For a womane was thy dame ; 
Owr blessyd lady beryth the name, 
Of all womene wher that they goo. 

A woman ys a worthy thyng, 
They do the washe and do the wrynge, 
" LuUay ! lullay !" she dot he the synge, 
And yet she hath but care and woo. 

A womane ys worthy wyght, 
She servyth a mane both daye and nyght ; 
Therto she putty tli alle her myght \ 
And yet she hathe but care and woo. 



From M3. Laosd. 762| of the fifteenth century. 

Grete marvaile and wonder I have in my conceite. 

Of thise maner people that sodenly wol be wrothe. 

Whether they have cawse or noon, for nothing woU they let ; 

And specially with them that of their wrethe be not lothe. 

Nowe truely tro I, that who redeth the sothe, 

For their labour shall liave but a mok» 

And at last faUe in agayne, like an olde rawe cok. 



R£UQtTI.« AVriflVM. 


From MS. Jud. No. 23, BibL Bodl. Oxon. foL 48, r. The story of 
Fmrsieiii iB one ef tlie oldest^ if Dot the otdeat, of the Westen) Purgatory 
legends. Becte) inhiB Eeci. Hist, has gtven an abstract: uf it from the early 
LAtin accQuut which h still preserved in dilfereat maauacriptfl, aod from 
which the Anglo-Saxon account fteem^ to be a pretty close trandlatioo. 

De visionibns Fitrsei, 

Men, ^Sa leofestan Paulus se Apostol, eaira Jjeoda lareow, 
awrat be hym sylfum, ]?0Et lie wserc ge-lscd up to heofonum 
olS^ect he becom to J^cere ]?riddan heofonaii, and he wees ge-ted 
to neorxnawange, and );aer ]ja gastlican dygelnysse ge-hyrde 
and ge-seah, ac he ne cydde na eorSlicum mannum ^a -Se he 
ODgean com hwaet he ge-h>Tde o^Se ge-sawe, Sysum wordura 
writende be hin> sylfum : Scio hominem in Clunsto ante amios 
quaiuoT'decem raptum itsque ad terttum cmlunii el cmtera, 
Quum raptus est in paradisiimj et anditit archana verba qucB 
non licet Immini loquL Sset is on Englisc, Ic wat pone man 
on Criste, j^e waes ge-gripen nu for f^wertyiie gearum and 
ge-laed oJiSa J?riddaji heofonan, and eft he weesge-lald to neorx- 
nawange, and pxt ge-hyrde ps. dygelan word "5e nan eordlic 
man sprecan ne moL Hu meta reedaS sunie menn pa, leasan 
ge-setnysse he he hataS Paulas ge-sih'?Se nu he sylf ssede, ]?set 
he ^^a dygelan w^ord ge-hyrde l^e nan eorSlic man sprecan ne 

We wylla"?? nu eow ge-reccan o^res mannes ge-syh^e, |?e 
uuleas is nu se apostol Paulus his ge-syh^e mannum ameldian 
ne moste^ 

Sum Scyltisc preost wees ge-haten Furseus, seiSel-boren for 
worulde, arwur^es lifeSi and ge-lyfed swybe. He wses fram 
cild-bade ge-la;red on clcennysse wiinigende, estful on mode, 
lufigendlic on ge-sylrSe, and on halgum raaDgnum da?ghwaralic 
|jeonde. ^a for-let he feeder and modor and magas, and on 
o'Srnm earde oel^eodig leornode. jEfter|jysum arserde mynster, 
and Jjffit mid sewfaestum mannum ge-sette. Eft eefter fy rste ge- 
timode him^ untrumnyss swaknet be wearS to for^-siiSe ge-broht. 
15a ge-namon twegen englas his sawie, and fleogende mid hwi- 
turn fiSer haman betwux him feredon. And an |?ridda engel 
fleah him set-foran, ge-wepnod mid hwitum scyldeandscinendum 
swurde, JSa j^ry englas ge-liccre beorhtnj^^se scinende wseron, 
and }?aere sawle wundorlice wynsumnysse mid lieora libera 
swege on beheddon, and mid iieora sanges dreame micelum ge- 
gladodon. Hi sungon; Ibuni sancti de virttiie in viriitiem/ 
videbitur Dem Deomm in Sion, ^£et is on Englisc, |ja halgan 



farafi fram niilite to mihte; ealra Goda God bj5 ge-sequen 
in Sion. "Sa ge-hyrde he eft o'^erne sang swlyec uncuSnc 
manegra |?usenda engla |?us cwe^eede, Exierujit obmam 
CSiristo, *5aet is, Hi eodon to-gcanes Christe. Hwaet 'Sa 
an engel of ^Sam uplicum werodum bebead |>am ge-wfepnodan 
engle be ISa sawle ge-liedde, jiset hi eft hi ongcan ge- landau 
sceoldon to '^am Uchaman 'Se heo of ge-hcd wa^s. ^a cwa?^ 
SB engel him to }>e Mm on ^a swe^raii hand fleah, " ^u scealt 
eft J" i one Uchaman underfon, and agifan Gode J?inre carfulnjsse 
weorc and fremmincge." ^a cwee'S se halga Furseus, Jjaet he 
nolde his willes heora ge-ferrgedene for-la^tan, Se engel him 
andwyrde " ^fter |>inre carfalnysse godre fremmincge, we 
cumaS eft to ISe and ge-nimaS Se to us." Hi ^a sungon, and 
SCO sawul ne mihte undergytan hu heo on 5aai lichaman eft 
becom for }?fes dreames wynsumnysse. Sa betwux hancrede 
laeg se halga wer ge-edcucod mid rosenum hiwe ofergolen, and 
ba licmenn j^ter rihte his neb unwrugon. Sa befran Furseus 
nwi heora ge-hlyd swa mycel wcere, o^5e hwscs hi swa micclum 
wiindrodon. Hi ^a andwyTdon and ssedon, ]?fet he on efnunge 
ge-wite, and ]?0Dt his lie tege on flora ealle |?a niht oS hancred. 
He |?a op ge-sa?t,smeagende his ge-sylrSe, and het hine huslian. 
and swa untrum leofode twegen dagas* Eft ^a on {^aere brtd- 
dan nihte middan astrehte his handa on ge-beduni, and tliiSe 
ge-wat of ^isum ge-swincfullam life. Sa comon eft "Sa |;ry fore- 
saedon englas and hine ge-leeddon. Hwait )?a comon J?a awyTi- 
gedan deoflu on atelicum hiwe ^mte sawle to-geanes, and heora 
an cwte S, " Uton for-standan hi foran mid ge-ieohte." Sa deoflu 
feohtende scuton heora f}Tgenan fian on-gean Jja sawle. Ac )?a 
deoflican flan wurdon ^*Trrihte ealie adweescte J>yrh j^aes ge- 
waepnodan engles gescyidnysse. ^5a englas cwffidon tn ^^am 
awyTigedum gastum^ " Hwi wylle ge let tan tire siS-fset? Nis 
|>es man dad-nymend eowres lor-wyrdes !*' "Sa wi^erwinnan 
cwa?don \dzi hit unrihtlic wa>re, ]?0et se man \e unriht ge-]>afode 
Bceolde butan wite to reste laran, bonne hit awriten is jract Jja 
beoiS eal swa scyldige Se 5tet unrint ge-JjafiaS swa swa ]?a J7e 
hit ge-wyrca'S.*' Se engel |?a feaht ongean pa awyrigedan 
gastas to San swy^e, J?aet "Sara halgan were waes ge-^iiht feet 
baes ge-feohtes hream, and |>£Era di-ofla ge-hlyd mihte been ge- 
tyred geond ealle eorSan, "Sa deofia eft cwaedon, ** Ydele spel- 
lunga he beeode, ne sceal he yn-ge-derod |?aes ecan Hfes brucan.** 
Se halga engel cwae^, *' Bnton ge "Sa heafod-leahtras him on be- 
fastnion, ne sceal he for Sam leessan losian.** Se ealda wre- 
gere cwffi-5, " Buton ge for-gyfon mannum heora gy Has, ne 
lorgifS se heofoidica feeder eow eowere gyltas/' Se engel and- 
wyrde, " On hwam awraec ^es mann his teonan ]*' Se deofol 
cwEeiS, "Nis nd awriten Jjcet hi wrecan ne sceolon ; ac buton ge 



for-gifoD of eoTJVTUm heortum wi^ eow agylteiidum," Se engel 
cwae'S ; '' Us biS ge-demed act-foran Gode/' Se ealda sceocca 
eft cwae'B. " Hit is awriten, butoo ge beon swa bjlewite on 
iinscselS^egnysse swa swa cildi naebbe ge infaer to heofonaii 
rice." '* iSis bebod he naleshwoii ne ge-fylde." Se Godes erigel 
Jiine beladode and cweeS, " Mildsonge he hoefde on his heortan, 
peah tie he manna ge-wunan heolde,*' Se deofol andwyrde, 
** Swa swa he |?aet yfel on -Sam meniiiscum ge-wunan under* 
feng, underfo he eac swa pmt wite frani }?am upplican demam** 
Se halga engcl cwaeS, " We beo^ ^et-foran Gode ge-semde." 
■8a wi^crwinnan wurdon'Saofeiswi^do |7urh J^aesengles ge-wdnn 
and ware. JSa liet se halga engel }>one eadigan wer be-seon to 
middan-earde. He ]?a be-beold underbjEC and ge-seah s wy Ice 
an l^eostorfull dene swiSe ni^erlic, and ge-seah |?aer feower or- 
msete fyr atende, and se engel cwse^ him to, " ^as feower fyr 
ontcndaS ealne middan-eard, and onscla^ ]?Dera manna sawla 
ye heora fultuhtes andetnysse and behat J?urh forgaegednysse 
apaegdon. ^aet an fyr ontent |j0era manna sawla ^e leasunga 
lufdon. 'Stet oSer, Jjjere 5e gytsunge fyhgdon, 5aet J^ridde, 

!?cera J^e ceaste and twy-rsednysse styrodon. Soet feorSe fyr 
br-baernS )?eera manna sawla be facn and arleasnysse beeodon. 
^a ge-nealaehte pdsi fyr ]>am nalgan were, and he sona afyrht 
to 'Sam engle cwae'5, '* ^oet fyr ge-nea!aecS wi5 min/' Se engel 
andwyrde, '* Ne byrn'S on %e ]^urh wite ]?^t )?aet Su on life ne 
onaeldest ]mrh leahtras, ^eah Se ^is fyr egesUc si and mycci 

Eeah hwaedere hit onael^ aelcne be his ge-wyhtum, Swa se 
chama hyS ontend ]7urh neadwis wite." Se ge-m^sepnoda engel 
•8a fleah him eet-foran to-dcelende }?one lig, and ]?a oSre twegen 
him flugon on twa healfa, and hine wi^ pxs fyres frecednysse 
ge-scyldon. Sa deoflu |?a mid ge-feohte ongean fa sawle scu- 
ton, and heora an to ISam englum cwaeS : ** Se ]>eowa Se wat 
his hlafordes willan, and nele hine ge-fremman, sceal beon ge» 
witnod mid mycclura witum;" Se halga engel befran, *' Hwaet 
ne fylde |jes man his hlafordes willan I" Se sceocca and- 
wyrde, "Hit is awriten, |?a&t se healica God hateS miriht- 
wisra gyfe. He haefde ge-numen lytle mi snmne cla^ mi anum 
sweltendum menn." Sa c%VEf? se engel, " He ge-lyfde pmt 
e-hwylc Se him senige gyfe sealde behreowsunge on life ge- 
lyde." Se deofol andwyrde, *' JErest he sceolde heora dsedl 
bote afandian, and sy SSan heora sylene underfon/* Se engel 
andwyrde, " Uton sceotan to Godes dome.'* Se awyrigeda 
gast andwyrde, " God ge-cwoe^, |>?et eclc syn fe nicre ofer cor- 
%an ge-bet, sceolde beon on Syssere worolde ge-demed, ^es 
man ne ge-clsensode hys synna on eoHSan, ne her nan wite ne 
underfehgS, Hwar is nu Godes rihtwisnyss V Se engel hi 
)>reade and cwae8, " Ne taelege for-];an ^e ge nyton Godes 



diglan domes." Se deofo! andwyrde, "Hwaet is her ge- 
diglodr' Se engel cwji'^, '' JEtre by5 Codes mildheorU 
nys mid ^am menu \m while ];£er byS ge-wened Eenig be- 
hreowsung." Se deofol andwyrde, " Nis nu his tiraa to be- 
hreowsigenne on '^isserc stowe/' Se engel andwyrde, " Nyte 
ge ^a miclan deopnysse Godes ge-ryne weald ]?eah him beo 
alyfed gyt be hreowsung.^' ^a cwoe-S sum o'8er deofol^ " Hit is 
awriten, lufa |>inne nextan swa swa ^e sylfne." Se engel 
andwyrde, " Ses wer dyde god his nextan/' Se wrSerwinna 
andwyrde, " Nis na ge-noh |?£et man his nextan god do, buton 
he hine lufige swa swa hine silfne." Se halga engel andwyrde, 
^* "Ba godan daeda synd geswutulunga |?are so^an lufe, and God 
forgylt flekum meon be his dacdum," Hwiet se dcofol tJa mid 
hospe cwEG^, " ^es mann behet ]7Wi he wokle ealJe woruld-];ing 
forlajtan, and he sy^an lufode woruld"]iing on-gean his behat, 
and ongean "Stes apostoles bebode |je |?us cwcc 5, Ne lufige ge 

tisoe middan-eard ne Sa bing ^e on middan-earde synd." Se 
alga engel andwyrde, *' Ne lufode he woruldlice a?hta for his 
neode annm^ ac to d^lenne eallum WEcdligendum." Se ealda 
wregere eft cwa?^, " Hit is awriten, buton ]?u gestande )?onc 
unrihtwisan, and him his unrihtwisnysse secge, ic of-ga his 
blodes gyte tet J>inum handum, ^aes man nolde cySan Jjam 
syngiendum heora synna/* Se engel cwasIS, " Hit is a written 
be "^am yfelan tyman, |?eet se snotera sceal suwian f>onne he ge- 
syhiS, J?set seo b^edung naefS naenne for^gang/* On eallum fy- 
sum ge*tiitiim wees bajra deofla ge-feoht swy <5e stySlic ongan 
^a sawle, and ]7a halgan eoglas, o^^eet ]>uruh Godes dom J>a 
wi^Serwinnan wnrdon ge-scyldCi and se halga wer ^a wearS 
mid ornitetnm leohte befangen* ISa beseah he up, and ge-seah 
feala engla werod on mycelre beorhtnysse scinende, and )?8Bra 
halgena sawla ivi-S his fleogende mid unasecgendhcum leohte, 
and afligdon |?a deoflu him fram, and |TBes fyres ogan him fmm 
adydon. ^a ge-cneow he betwux t?am halgum twegen arwurSe 
sacerdas, ]?e sex on hfe wscron his landes menn swy Se namcu^e. 
Hi %'a ge-nealnebton, and him ciiSlice to spreecon ; an ]?ara 
hatte Beanus, oSer Meldanus, ^wt wearS )?a ge-worden mycel 
smyltnys jjeere heofonan, and twegen englas flugon swylce 
|»urh ane duru into |)ffire heofonan, and )?a sloh J>a>r mycel leoht 
ut aefter ]iam englum, and wws ge-hyrea feower engla weoroda 
sang» }>us cweSende, Sancius, SanciuSj Sancias Dominus Deus 
Sabaotlu Sa stede se engel j?am eadigan were, J>EQt se dream 
woere of Sam iiplicum werode, and het hine georne ^a^s heo* 
fonhcan sanges hlyftan, and cwn3'b| *' So^lice on "Sisum heofon- 
licum rice ne becymS nrt'fre unrotnyss buton for manna lyre/* 
Eft iSa comon fleogende of ^Sa-re heofonlican digelnysse englas, 
and cyddon J^cet he sceolde eft to worulde ge-cyrram Furseus 



■Ra wearS |?urh |?as bodange ablicgpd, and J?a iwegen fore- 
seedan sacerdas abandon eet ]>ani englum |7cCt \n raoston hine 
ge-sprecan, and cwcedon him to, '• Hweps ondraest Jju 5e 
ones daeges foreld ]>n hiefst to sitSienoe ?*' Furspus )ja befran, 
" be ge-endunge ]yy^es niiddan-eardes '' Hi cwaedon, '* ne 
bylS se ge-eodung ^yssere uorulde na gyt, Seah iSe heo ge- 
hende sj, ac mancyim byS ge-swenct mid hungre and mid 
cwealme ; ?urh feowcr ^ing losia^S manna sawla, }7Bct is Jjurh 
leahtras, and |>iirh deofles lihtinge, and futh lareowa gyme- 
leasto, and |>urh yftde ge-lysnunge unrihlwisra heafod-manna. 
Oler ]mm lareowum is Godes yrre swySosit ast^Tod, fbrj^an ^c 
bi for-gyoieleascaS )>a godcundan bee, and ymbe |?a woruld- 
ping eallunga hogia"^, bisceopum and sacerdum ge-dafenaS, 
bast hi heora lare gymon and \mm folce heora )?earfe secgan. 
Mjmster-mannum go-dafena-S |>aet hi heora lare gymon, and )?am 
folce heora lif on stilnyssc adreogan, Su soSlice cylS }?ine 
ge-sihSe on raiddao-earde, and beo hwil-tidum on digelnysse 
and hwil-tidum betwux mannum. ^onne bu on digelnysse 
beo he aid, ]jonne georne Godes behoda, and eft |>onne pxi lit 
fpprst betwnx inannum far for heora sawle htelu na for weoruld- 
licum ge-streone, Ne beo Su earful embe woruMlice ge-streon^ 
ac miltsa ealluni Sinum wiSer-winnum nnid blutre heortan, 
and agild god for yfele and ge-bide for Jiinum feondum, Beo 
|?u swa swa getriue dihtnere.andnan )>ing |>e nege-ahnige buton 
bigleofan andscryde. Afed |7inne Uchaman mid alyfeduna met- 
tum, and celc yfe! for-seob." ^fter ]>ysiun mynegungiim, and 
menigfealdum o^rum larum, ge-wende eall jjfpt heofonlice werod 
upp to |jam heofonlicum]jrymTne, am! batwegen sacerdas Beanus 
and Meldanus samod. Fur^ieus soSlice mid pam J^rim englum 
ge*wende to eor^an. Hi becomon ]?a eft to Sam witnigendlicum 
lyre, and se ge-wepnodaengel ryde him weg }?urh |?Eet fyr,to-dfe- 
lende |>one lig on emp twa. Hwajt Sa deoflu )>a scuton of iSam 
fyre, and awurpon ane unriblwise sawle byrnende uppon J7one 
eadigan wer Furseum, swa ^eoI his sculdor and his hleor wur- 
don, ontende mid witnigendlicum fyre. Furseus sona oncneow 

t^a sawle se wies his tun-man a^r on life, and he ge-nam set his 
ice siimne claS swa swa we lytle eow ssDdon. ^a englas )ia 
ge-lochton ]^a sawle, and awurpon into 5am fyre* })a cwsb'S 
sum |j0Dra deofla, '* swa swa |?u a?r under- fen ge liis god, swa 
^u scealt boon his evcn-hlytta on his witum." Godes engel 
andwyrde, " Ne under-feng he his Jnng for nanre gytsunge, 
ac for his sawle alysednysse/' and ]?at fyr sona ge-swac. ^a 
cwjrrS se Godes engel to |?am were Furseum, **hwi ]?eDt J^u 
sylf on-aeldest ]rmi barn on ie. Gif -Su ne under-lenge ?Syses 
synfullaii mannes reaf a?t his for5-si?5e, ne mihte his wite ^Se de- 
rian. Boda nu eallum mannum deedbote to donne^ and andet- 



nysse to sacerdum, oS5a endenextan tide heora Ufes, ac swa 
^eah nis to under-fonne nanes synfulles maimes tehta on his 
ge-endunge, lie his lie ne sy on haligre stowe be-byrged, ac beo 
him ge-ss&l aer he ge-wite ]>a tear tan wMu. |>ffit his heorte mid 

t>eere biternysse beo ge-hrepod, ];aet he eft mage «et sumon siele 
>eon ge-clensodj gif hehis unrihtwisnysse huru on his forS-siSe 
behreowsaS and ge-nihtsumlice deelS, Ne under-fo se sacerd 
swa J^eah nan |Meg 5a)S synfullan mannes aehta, ac hi man daele 
]?eariuni oet his byrgene/* JEhev Syssere sprajce comon ^a 
engias mid |?a?re sawle, and ge-sffiton uppon )jajre cyrcan hrofe 
}>Eer ]?ait ho lieg mid mannum beset, and ]?a englas heton hine 
oncnawan his agene Hchaman, and hine eft under-fon. Furseus 
pa beseah to his lichanian swylce to uncu^ium hreafe, and 
nolde him ge-nealeecan, Se halga engel cwee 5, *' Hwi onscnnast 
J?u to under-fonne 'Sysne lichaman, Sone pe Su miht butan leahtre 
heonon for 5 habban. So Slice p\i oferswySdest on "Syssere 
ge-drefednysse, }?a unalyfedlican lustas )?aet he heonon for 5 on- 
gean iSe nalit ne magon," 'Sa ge-seah ne opnian his hchaman 
under J>am breoste, and se engel him cwseS to " Sonne )?u ge- 
edcucod byst, ofergeot |?ine hchaman mid fant-waetcre, and pa 
ne ge-fredest nane sarnysse buioii }jam baernytte Se *Su on Jjarn 
fyre ge-tehtest. Do wel on eallum pinum h'fe, and we siSSan 
aefter |?iniim wel-daidum bliSne Se eft geniniaS to us." Se 
halga wer Furseus aras |?a of deaSe ojjre si)?e, and ge-seah him 
onbutan mycele meniu locwedra manna and ge-hadodra, and mid 
mycolre geommnge heord mennisce anginn and dysig bein<ende. 
He ge-SHBtJia, and saede be endebyrdnysse ealle his ge-syhSe pe 
him |>urh Godes englas on pxve hwile ge-swutelod wses. He 
weat^ bcgoten mid fant-weetere swa swa se engel het, wes 

teah |?9ct bsernet pe he ge-laehte aet |?am unrihtwisum were on 
is scuMre, and on ansyne cefrc ge-sewen. Mycel wundor pisi 
hit wearS ge-syne on ^am lichaman |>iet |>a?t seo sawul ana 
under-feng. He ferde Sa geond ealle Yrland, bodicnde ba Sing 
pe he ge-seah and ge-hyrde^ and wajs mid Godes gyfe wun- 
derlice afylled, nanes eorSlices |>inges wilnigende. Eallum 
godum mannum he waes lufigendlici unrihtwisuni and synfuUum 
egeslic, on godcimdum wundrum he scean and aflygde deoflu 
fram oisettum mannum, and J^earfan ge-hyrte. Ferde |ja twelf 
gear swa bodiende betvvux Yrum and Sceottum» and s>''S^an 
ofer eall Angel-cynn, and eac sum mynster on Sysum iglande 
arajrde. Wende sySSan su-S ofer sae to Francena rice, and 
ba^r mid mycelre arwurSnysse undcr-fangen wa^s, and mynster- 
lif arsjerde. Sa a-ftcr lytlum wearS he ge-un-trumod and ge- 
wat to heofonanrice^ to ^eere ecan niyrlrSe |?e he jer ge-seah, 
on pxie he leofaS ge-sadig symle mid Gode. Amen. 

282 reliquijE antiques* 

His lie wear^ bebyrged mid mycelre arwurSnyssc, and eft 
embe feower gear ansiind butan ge-wemmedlicre brosnunge on 
crSre stowe bebyrged, Sa?r bco? sptowde his ge-earnunga ]?iirh 
wundra |>am -^Elmibtigum to lofe, se J?e is ealra leoda waldend. 


From MS. in the library of CaitM Collcgei Cambridge, of the tbirieenlh 

century. Tbk and the following afticle were kivdly commuDicated by the 
Rev» J, J. Smithi BI. A* fellow and tutor of Caiufl College* 

Credo. Ich i-leve in God, fader almightinde, scheppare of 
heveoe ant eerthe, aant in Jhesu Crist onre meneliche loverd, 
thai kenned is of fen holigost, y-boren of ben mayden Marie, 
y-pined under Ponce Pilate, oon rode y-don, det '^ i-bured, 
ali^ste intho helle, ]>ene bridde day aroos of det, astehey 
into hevene, si)? on his fader rith half Goddes alweldinde^ 
|?enene is cominde tho deniene quike ^ j?e deede ; hie hleve in 
}?e Holigost, holie chirche, tieradene(?) of halunen, foruijfnesse 
of sinnen, arysnesse of fiesse, ^ eche lif. So bee hit, J?at is, 

Pater nosier. Fader oure )?at art in beve» i-halgeed bee J?i 
nomei i-cume )?i kinereiche, y-worthe fl wylle also is in hevene 
so be on erthe, oure iche-dayes-bred glf us to-day, j forgif us 
oure guiles, also we (brgifet oure gultare, ^ ne led ows nowth 
into fondinggei auth ales ows of harme. So be hit* 

Ave 3Iaria^ Hayl Marie, fol of milce, God is mit the, |?u 
blessede among wymmen, i-blessed be frut of }jine wumbe. So 
be liit, 

hi manns inas. On ]?ine hondes hich breethe (or biteche) 
mine gost, )?u me bowjtest, loverd of sothnesse. 


From MS. No. 44, In the library of Caiua Collegei Cambridf c. In ibe 
If 9. each stanza forms a tingle Uiie. It U accompanied with musical notes* 

Laus devota mente, 
Choro concinente, 

Christo sit cum gloria ! 
Qui evangehstasi, 
Veri dogmatistas:, 

insignivit gratia. 

Qui que suo more 
Lucem et fulgore 

dat per orbis cliraata, 
Tales dum elegit. 
Per quos jam subegit 

hicreses et schism a ta. 

Hii bis bini fontes, 
Valles atque itiontes 

irrigantes flumine, 
Orti paradiso 
Mundum iodiviso 

iilustrantes famine. 

Illos per bis bina 
Visio dtvina 

singnat auimaliai 
A quibus dom visa, 
Formis tunc divisa, 

gestu sed sequalia* 

Pcnnis decorata, 
Terris elevata, 

cum rotis euntia, 
Facie serena, 
Oculomm plena, 

virbi Dei nuncia* 

In his possunt cemi 
Anuli quaterni 

qaibos archa vchitur, 
Quibus dogma saniira 
Per Samaritanum 

circumquaque seritur, 

Et all quasi plaustro 
Mulier ab austro 

Salomonem adiit; 
in liac seu quadriga 
Angnus est auriga, 

qui pro nobis obiit. 

Islis in his bis binis 
Capud est et finis 

Christus complens omnia* 
Ho rum document is, 
Horum instrumentis, 

floret^ Stat, ecclesia. 


Ad eorum laudem 
Caveamus fraudemi 

iiiimo qtia^iue vitia; 
Horum ut doctrina 
Virtus nos divina 

ducat ad coelestia. Amen, 


MS* Arundel, in the College of Anus, No- 50^ fol. 2U, r«. of the beginning 
of the fourteenth century* formerly belonging to the Abh«y of Bury. 

Long^itudo aulae Westinonaster. est ,cc. Ixx, pedes; latitudo, 

.Lxxiiij. °^ ped. 
Longitudo aula^ archicpiscopi Ebor, apud Ebon vj. ** .ij. ped*; 

latitudo, Ixxvj. ped, 
Longitydo aulae in castt^lo apud Novum Castellum, .v. ** .v. 

ped.; latitudo, xlviij ped. 
Latitudo claustri Dunelm, vi. *''. xviij, ped . > pra:?tfir 
Inter coliimpnas et mumm. xiiij. "^^ ped ... J bancum 
Latitudo aulee hospitum ibidem, Iv. ped.; longitudo, ,iiij. *'^ 

viij ped. 
Latitudo claustri Saneti Eadmundi^ vij. ** v; pedJ pra?ter 

Inter columpnas et murum. xiiij. °^ ped J bancos. 

On the veroo of the same folio* 
Nomina quarumdam aquarum decurrentium per quasdam 

villas fauiosas in parti bus borealibus, 
Twede currit descendendo a Norham usque Werewiche inter 

Angliam et Scotiam, 
Thille incipit in montc de Chiviot et in citerioribns ejus par- 

tibus et paulatim se recoUigendo^ et juxta Wlliorepund 

alveum faciendo decurrit in Twede subter(!) Norham, 
Chokct currit apud Feltone, et non longc inde ubi est castellum 

de Werkwrthe decurrit in mare, et ibi in insula Coket 

dicta per unum milliare a terra distante est cella una 

pertinens ad abbatem Saneti Albani, et habet tantum 

duos nionachos* 
Apud Aloewiche currit Aloe. 
Apud Morpa currit Wanspiclit 
Circa prioratum Dunclmia^ currit Wer. 
Ad Novum Castellum currit Thine. 
In principio libertatis Saneti Cuthberti currit Tlieys€. 
Item parum citra currit Swale. 
Apud Chestre currit Stanleburne, 
Apud Alvcrtone currit 
Apud Thrusly currit Wradewathe, 



Apud Thadcastre currit Hwerp, 

Apud Aberford currit Coket, 

Apud Sandale currit Keluir. 

Apud Donecaslre currit Done. 

Apud Rosintone Thome 

Apud Bautre et Rathforde Nele. 

Apud Ebor, Use, quae quondam Jior(?) dicebatur, a quo 

etiam dicttur Jiorke, id est Jior hooe, 
Apud Wlhore, Glend. 
Apud Boweltooe, Bremiz. 
Apud Pontem de Burche Intpihol(?) 
Apud Newewercbe, Dunhara, et Thorkegeye, Trente. 
Apud LiDColne, Wi thine, 
Apud Wetherby, Idele, (?) 



From tlie FseiieteDtial of Barlholomew Iscanus^ Uishop of Exetefj 11G1 — 
1186. MS, Cotton, Faiwana, A. VIII. foL 32, 

Qui alieni tactis vel mellis vel ceeterarum rerum habundantiam 
aliqua incantatione vel maleficio auferre et sibi adquirere 
nisus fuerit* 

Qui dacmonis illusiooe decepti creduntur et profit entur se in 
famulatu ipsius quain vulgus insipiens Herodiadem vel Dia- 
nara vocant, et cum innumera raultitudine ire vel equitarc, et 
ejus JQssis obedire. 

Qui mensam preeparavit cum tribus cultellis in famulatum 
personarum, ut ibi nascentibus bona prsedestinent. 

Qui votum fecorit ad arborem vel aquam, vel ad quamlibet rem 
nisi ad ecclesiam. 

Qui kalendas Janiiarii ritu pagaoorum futura maleficiis inqui- 
rendo obstruaiit, vel ipsa die opera incipit ut quasi melius 
nuUo anno prosper en tur. 

Qui ligaturas vel incantationes et varias fascinationes cum 
maleficio carminibus faciunt, et in herba vel in arbore vel 
in bivio abscondunt, ut sua animalia a clade liberentur- 

Qui filium suum ?5Uper tectum aut in fornace posuerit pro 
sanitate recuperandi, vel propte rhoc carminibus vel carac- 
teribus vel figmento sortilege vel aliqua arte, et non divinis 
orationibus seu liberali arte medicinie usus fuerit. 



Qui in coUigendis herbis medicinalibus aliquod carmen dixerit 
excepto divino, s. Pater Noster et Credo in Deum, et hujus- 

Qui observat in lanificiis vel tincturis vel ceteris operibus car- 
mina vel sortilcgas imposit tones, ut per hire proficiat^ ve! 
interducit ignem aut aJiquid lale de domo sua ferre ne foetus 
Bui pereant. 

Qui de funere alicujus mortui vel de ejus corpore vel de vesti- 
menlis divinationes exercet, ne mortui vindicentur aut in 
ipsa domo alter non moriatur, aut per htcc aliquem profectum 
aut &alutem adquirat. 

Qui in festo Sancti Johannis Baptistee aliquam sortilegam 
operatioiiera ad inquirenda futura fecerit. 

Qui corniculge vel corvi cantu ve! obviatione presbyteri vel 
alicujus animalis aliquod prosperum seu adversum evenire 

Qui inhorreum vel cellariutn arcum vel aliquod tale projecerit, 
unde diaboli ludere debeant quos faunos vocant, ut plus 

Qui in visitatlone inflrmi eundo ve! redeuodo alicujus petrae 
motione vel quolibet alio signo aliquam c^njecturam boniseu 
mali concipit. 

Qui masculam vel feminam in lupinani effigiera alicujus ani- 
malis trausformari posse crediderit. 

Qui vestigia christianorum observarerit et cespitem inde tol- 
lendo vocem [nocere] alicui posse credideriL 

ex conciL Agulkensi. 

Perquirendum est si aliqua femina sit quae per qusedam 
roaleficia et incantationes mentes liominum se immutare 
posse dicat, i. ut dc odio in amorcm, aut de amore in odium 
convertat, aut ut bona bominum aut dampnet aut surripiat 
Et si aliqua^ est quae dicat sc cum dEcmonum turba in simi- 
litudine mulierum transformatam certis noctibus equitare 
super quasdam bestias et in eorum consortio annumeratam 
esse, Hiiec talis omni modo scopis correcta ex parrochia 





Fmm MS. Latud. 7^. fol. 99, r*. of the time of Hen. irij. 

Si doceas stultuiTii leetum non dat libi vultum, 
Odit te multum, vellet te scire sepultura. 
Fulcrum promissum stultum facit esse ga visum. 
Hedera mustelse sum compulit arboris ire. 
Mente quideni loeta decoratur ilorida vita. 
Si tibi deficient medici, medici tibi fieiit 
Hsec tria, mens laetai labor, et modorata dieta. 
Sit puer ad poenani princeps, ad pra^mia velox, 
Et doleat quociens cogitur esse ferox, 
Non debeniplus m nunc ad jejunia cogi. 
In thise wotdh plus pi been conteyned^ 
Those persones that to faste are not bounde ; 
By the firste .p. pueri been retayned, 
L, for languentes that in prison been confounded, 
V> for vagantes, ,s, for senes doth redounde, 
P. to pregnantes; to wymen it dooth pertayne, 
L for infirmi, that sikenes suffryng payne. 
En Orientales horas docet umbra diales. 
Non, homo, lEeteris, tibi copia si fluat fcris ; 
Hie non semper eris, memor esto quod morieris, 
Est Johannes anus, Lucus vituiu^, leo Marcus, 
Est homo Matheus, quatuor isti Deus. 
Tu dixisti de corpore Christi, crede et habes, 
De palefrido sic tibi scribo, crede et habes. 
Currere cogit equum sub milite calcar acutum, 
Sic puerum studio virga vacare sue* 
Post inatutinas si tu vis bibere, bibas 
Vinum praeclarum, hoc docet reguki Sarum, 
Tangere qui gaudes meretricera, qualiter audes 
Manibus pollutis regem palpare solutis* 
Unde superbit horao, cujus conceptio culpa, 
Nasci poena, labor vita, necesse mori. 

Saraceni. Juda^i. 

Ector, Alex*, Julius ; David, Josue, Machabaeus; 

Artur cum Carolo, Galfridum Hnquere nolo : 
Isti sunt ter tres trini fidei meliores. 
















Chester. | cester. 





n , 1 wo 











prsesules habet Anglia 

Millia quinqviG decern fuerant plaojo? tibi, Christe, 

Ei quadriiigent^ decies septem quoque qainque ; 

Si ter quinque pater et ave tu dixeris amii 

Uoo qaoque die, tot erant tibi vulnora Christi. 

Si quis bene biberit^ tanto est loelior ; 

Et qui se ebiberit, tanto est stultior ; 

Lectum cum intraverit sompnis tanto firmior ; 

Mane cum surrcxerit tanto mens est latior; 

Bursum cum inspexerit, fit dolor ejus tristior. 

Who that drynketh wele, mych is he the gladder; 

Who that drynketh to moch, more is he the madder ; 

Whan he goth to his bed, his slepe is the sadder ; 

At morowe whan he waketh, his brayne is thebradder; 

Whan he loketh in bis puree, his sorowe is the sadder. 

Auto quidraehasl Jaspis. Quid Jaspile ? sensus. 

Quidsensu] ratio. Quid rationed modus. 

Of life and detti no we chuse the, 

There is the woman, here is the galowe tree ; 

Of boothe choyce harde is the parte ; 

The woman is the warsse, drive forthe the carte. 

Si sapiens fore vis, sex serva qute tibi maudo : 

Quid loqueris, et ubi, de quo, cui, quomodo, qnando. 

Calami tis pursse penyles per vicos ecce vagantur; 

Yf it be as I ges, male solvunt quod mutuantur. 

Loqui me sgepe, penitus tacere mmquam. 

Dimidium luoee pari ter cum sole rotundo, 

Et pars quarta rotee, nichil plus exigit a te. 

A nothole dedit A., disis D., contulit arthos 

A., messembris M. ; collige^ fiat Adam. 

WiL Con. WiL Ruphus, Hen. pri., Steph., Hen.qee 

Ri., Johan, Henricus, Edwardus, tres, Ri.que secundus, 
Henricus quartus, Hen* quin., Hen. quoque sextus, 
Ed. quart., Ed. quintus, Ri, tercios, septimus Henry. 
Davit profeta caotavii carmina beta, 
Versus bis mille sex centum sex canit ille. 
Est ori., west occi., bori, norte, sed south petit ausler* 
Tres digit! ecribunt totum corpusque laborat ; 
Scribere qui ne^ssiunt nullum pulant esse laborem. 
Infans, posteque puer, adolescens, post juveni?^, vir, 
Dicitur inde senex, postea decrepitus. 
To thy frende thowe lovest moste, 
Loke thowe tell not alle thy worste, 

whatesoever behappes; 



For whane thy frende ys ihy foo, 
He woUe tece alle and more too, 

be ware of after clappes. 
Aocipe per ceram caniem de virginem veram. 
I winked, I winked, whan I a woman loke. 
Sore me for-thiiiked, that I so moche wynked. 
For had I never more nede than nowe lor to loke. 
Qui vidaam capit io sociuiiii sine fine dolebit, 
Nam caput in disco defuocti semper hahebit. 
Non est in mutido dives qui dicit habundo. 
Aid. al. has. bit bussh. brad, brod, can. 
cas- che. ere. col. cord, gorn dow, far. far, 
lang* lym. port. pon. tur, ripa. win. walle, 
Fer miiltum risum possumus cognoscere stultura. 
Si quis in hoc mundo vult multum gratis haberi, 
Det, quserat, et capiat, plurima, pauca, nichil. 
Est tuus, Anna, pater Jozafath, Kazafath, tua mater. 
Nulla gratia perit nisi gratia gramaticorum. 
Est et semper erit litil thanke in fine laborum. 
Per vigili cura semper memorare futura. 
Tempora tranciburiti gaudiaque vana perhibunt, 
Allia, vioa, VcnuSi fumus, faba, piilns, et aguis, 
HcEc noceant oculis, sed vigilare magis. 
O dives, dives, non omni tempore vives, 
Da tua dum tua sunt, post mortem tunc tua non sunt. 
Dum moritur dives, occurrunt undique cives,* 
Dum moritur pauper, vix unus adesse videtur. 
Nil valet ille labor, ubi nulla premia sequitur ; 
Nil valet ille decor, ubi nil probitatLs habetur; 
Nil valet ha^c mulier, cui quilihet associetur. 
Qui non vult dum quid, dum vellet forte nequivit 
Quatuor millenis sex centum quatuor anois 
Nexus in fervo Adam pro criniine primo. 
Arbor Lencester^ quse bona cambiica fiet. 
Cur moritur homo, dum salgea cressit in orto : 
Per nullam sortem poterit depellere mortem : 
Contra vim mortis non est medicamen in ortis. 
Qui tumbam cernis, cur non mortalia spernis, 
Tali namque domo clauditur omnis homo. 
Grus gruit in gurna, facit optima pocula mirra. 
Male perire farnee quam nunquam pardere faraae. 
In veritatate dico, pauper est qui caret amico. 
Qui mel in ore gerit, me retro pingere querit, 
Cujus amicitia nolo michi sociam. 
Sum verus et falsus, etiara sum parvus et altus, 
Multorum manibus aliniatur opus^ — 



(Manie handes make light worke*) 
Cum rapitur fraude equus, tunc ostia claude 
S. servus, famulus, C. cervus, bestia silvis 
Trem. fra. me. gnliob* et ob hoc tibi prebio dem. fi, 
Pri. re la fe re fa ter my fa quar, my la, 
Quin. fa fa, sex. fa la., sep. ut sol, oc. tenet ut fa, 
Nullus sibi amat, qui semper *' da michi *' clamat. 
To ymwt snese, tobbe^ wamble, rovtej 
Ossito, stermito, siiigulcio, nauseo, starto» 
Swalow, chewc, gape, cou^h^ belehe, epitte 
Glucio, mastico, hio, tussio. ructo, streoque, 
Omnia contingunt hsec sine sponte viro, 
Quid valet ars vel opes ] quid gloria quid venerari ? 
Cum mors cuncta capit conditione pari. 
Noscitur per nasum cimlise quce vendit omasum* 
Purnere qui ledit, sad scribit marmorc Iocs us. 
In viridi campo steleruni principes ambo, 
Unus erat Jesus, alter fuit Bartholomeus ; 
Emerutit vagam propter dimidium marcum, 
Tunc dixit Jhesus *' volo comedere solus:'* 
Respondlt Abraham, " non sic facis, per raeam barbam " 
Accepit baculura, vcllet perculere Jhesum ; 
Jhesus calamabat Petrum^ Paulum qui vocabat. 
Am bo venerunt, Habraham bene verberaverunt. 
Tunc dixit Jhesus, '* ego &um hie timide solus ; 
Adinua me modo vagam, grossum vobis dabo/' 
Tunc dixit Abraham. " hewe, hev, quod hue veni unquam. 
Si non venissem, nunquam bene verberavisse. 
Si me us iste liber tiogatur sorde magisterj 
Iiifringet nalibus verbera dira meis. 
Die quot denarios, quot dies, tibi postulat unus; 
Tot libras simul et medias tibi supp<Ptit annus, 
Grossus tot junje tot denarios superadde, 
Si vis post cenam stomachi deponere penam, 
Sta quod sis lassus, vel centum pcrfice passus. 
Semper rogare rogata ten ere tenta docere. 
Haec tria discipulum faciunt superare magistrura, 
Fatres, et fures, muscas, puliceSi quoque mures. 
Hoc et non plures demon confundere cures. 
Si ca'lum multe caderet, morcrentur Alauda?, 
Die homo vas cinerum, quid confert flos facierum, 
Copia quid rerum, mors ultima mcta dierum, 
Aspera vox ite, vox i^^te jocund a venite ; 
Ex mentis vitte dependunt, ite^ venite. 
Psallite devote, dlstincte metra tenete, 
Vocibus estote Concordes, vana cavete" 
Nunquam posterior versus prius incipiatur. 



QuaiD finis anterior perfecto fine fruatur. 
Hii sunt qui psalmos corrumpunt nequiter almos. 
Dangler, cum jasper, lepar, gal per, quoque draggar, 
Monieler, forskypper, forereynner, sic et overleper; 
' Fragmina verboruin Tuti villus coUigit horum. 
Anna solet dici tres concepisse Marias, 
Quas genucre viri JoachiaiL, Cteophas, Salomeque; 
Ut ductere vivi Joseph, Alpheus, Zebedeus, 
Prima parit Cliristum, Jacobura, secunda minorem, 
Et Joseph justum peperit cum Simone Judam^ 
Tertia majorem Jacobuni volucremque Johannem. 
Est g^rave praestare, gravius prccstare mgare. 
Cum peto pardo rem periter debentis a mo rem. 
Whose thought is cumbered and is not clone, 
Of other mens dedes the worse woUe he deeme; 
Deine not my deedes, thought ihey be naught, 
Deme whate thowe wilte, thowe knowest not my thought. 
Sic sapiens scribit, nemo sine crimine vivit; 
Quis tunc, die quaiso, dicit sine crimine, 
Felix qui totam duxit sine crimine vitam. 

foL 102, r«. 

Si secus secum duxit, ambo in foviam cadent. 
Si vis post cenam stomachi deponerc penam. 
Sta dtun sis lassus, vel centum perfice pa-ssus, 
Heec abbalhia ruit, hoc notum sittibi, Christe, 
Jutus et extra pluit, terribilis est locus iste. 
BuUecampe ecce dies attinctus sanguine fuso. 



Written in a hantl of tli« titue of Ed» 11. on the comparative diffictilty of 
Jtaruing seculai and cliiircli mugic. M9. AmndeL 292. f. 7t, v". 

Un-comly in cloystre. i coure fid of care, 
I loke as a lurdeyn, and listne til ray lare, 
The song of the cesolfa, dos me syken sare. 
And sitte stotiand on a song, a moneth and mare. 
I ga gowlende a-bowte. al so dos a goke, 
Mani is the sorwfol song, it sigge upon mi bok; 
I am holde so harde. un-nethes dar i loke, 
Al the mirlhe of this mold, for God i for-soke. 
I gowle au mi ^roj/eL and rore als a roke, 
Litel wiste i ther-of. qwan i ther-lo toke ; 


Summe notes arn shorte. and somme a long noke, 

Somme krokeii B.'Wei/ward. als a fleshoke, 

Qwan i kan mi lesson, nii meyster wi! i gon. 

That heres me mi rendre, he wenes i have wel don : 

Qwat hast thu don, dawn Water, sin saterdai at noQ I 

Thu boldest nowt a note, by God! in riht too. 

Wayme, leve Water, thu werkes al til shame, 

Thu etomWest and stikes fast, as thu were lame ; 

Thu tones nowt the note, ilke he his name, 

Thu bitist a-sonder bequarre, for bemol i the blame. 

Wey the, leve Water, thu werkes al to wondre, 

Als an old cawdrun bigynnest to clondre, 

Thu tu chest nowt the notes, thu bites hem on sonder : 

Hold up for shame* thu letes hem al under. 

Thanne is Water so wo. that wol ner wil he blede, 

And wendis him til William, and bit him wel tospede* 

' Got it wot!' seys William. * ther-of hadd i nede: 

Now wot i qwon jiulicare. was set in the crede. 

Me is wo so is the be, that beUes in the walmes ; 

I dooke upon David, til mi tonge talraes ; 

I ne rendrede nowt, sithen men beren palmes : 

Is it also mikel sorwe, in song so is in salmes 1 

Ya, hi God ! thu reddis, and so it is wel werre. 

I solfe and singge after, and is me nevere the nerre ; 

I horle at the notes, and lieve liem_al of Aerre; 

Alle that me heres. wenes that i erre ; 

Of bemol and of bequarre, of bothe i was wol bare. 

Qwan i wente out of this word, and liate til mi lare, 

Of effauz and elami, ne coady nevere are; 

I fayle faste in the fa. it files al my fare. 
Jet ther ben other notes- sol and ut and la, 
And that froward file, that men clepis fa ; 

Often he dos me liken ille. and werkes me ful wa, 
Mijt i him nevere hitten. in ton for to ta. 
Jet ther is a streiuant wit^ to longe tailes, 
Ther-fore has ure mayster, ofte horled mi kayles ; 
Ful litel thu kennes. qwat sorwe me ayles , 
It is but childes game, that thu witz David dayles. 
Qwan ilke note til other lepes. and makes hem a-sawt,. 
That we calles a moyson. in gesolrent^ en hawt; 

II hayl were thu boren. jif thu make defawt, 
Thanne sais oure mayster. "que wos ren ne vawt/** 






From tlie Harleian MS, 2340. In ihe lir»t leaf of the Toluine, which 
contains one or two more tracts, is the foUowio^ seutence m the hund 
writing of Hiirofrey Wan ley. 

" PnBficntem codicem domitio meo D^B* 
Vir per-eniditU0 Petrui Nedbara 
S, T. P. 12 die OctobriB, A,D. 1719/' 

The hand in which the original of this manuscript Ib written, appeart to 
be about the lime of Henry the Sixth, Kindiy conamunicaled by Sir Henry 

This is the maner to kepe liawkes; but not al maner of 
hawkes, but only goshaukes and sperhaekes* Firste to speke 
of baukes, they beth egges, and afterward they be disclosed 
hawkes. And we schuld say that haukes ejTifh in wodes and 
not bredetli. And then when they begynne to feder anon by 
kynd, they woU drawe them sorawhat oute of here neste, and 
cfambre over bowes^ and come agayn to here neste, and then 
beth clepid bowers ; and after the festeof seint Margarete they 
woll fle fro tre to tre, and then they beth callyd braochers. 
Then who so woll take hem, he moste have vrens y-made of 
good smal threde to encile the hawker that ben i-take. And 
thou woke take a goshawke let his wach be a colvonr ; and 
yf he falle not there to put a rabett ; and if he falle not there 
to putt a wesylle; and if he fall not there to loke never other 
wach. And when thu hast take a hawke encile that hawke 
in this maner Take the nedill and the threde, and put throwte 
the neder lydde, and so of the other, and knytte both thredes on 
the top of his hede; then she is enciled as she oght to be. Then 
here this hawke upon thy fiste, and kaste here opon here berke, 
and lete here be there unto morrow at even. Then take the 
thredes, and kut them essily away for breking of her lyddes ; 
then sofft and faire be gynne, fede here and fare feire with 
here till she woll staode opoo thi fiste, for it is drede for hertyng 
of her whingys, and in the same nyght after that fediiig wake 
here all that nyght, and a morow here her all that day, and 
then she woll be prevey ynoght to be reclamyd. And if it be 
a goshawke or tercell that schall be rcclaymed, ever fede here 
with wasche mete eke at the drawing and eke at the reclaym- 
yng ; but loke that it be hote ; and in this maner thu most 
wasch it. Take the mete and strike it up and down in the 
water and wring the blode out and fede here therwith. And 



if she be an eyas, thu most wasch it more clenner then thu 
doste to a brawnchere, and with a lynnyn cloth wipe here mete. 
And ever more the iij. day yeve !iere castyng while she is 
fleyng. And in this maner yeve here castyng. Take new 
blanket cloth and knt feire polotis of an ench long, and take the 
flesch and kut v. morcels, and with a knyfis poynt make an 
hole in every morcell, and put the in them pelotes of clothe, and 
take a feire disch \\ith water, and put here therein; tlien take 
the hawke and yeve here a morcell of hote mete the mownte- 
naunce of half here soper; then take that lyeth on the water, 
and fede her for allnyght; if it be a sperhawke ever fede here 
with on-wa-sch mete. And loke that here casting be plumage; 
then loke well that it be clene under the perke, and a morow 
thu shalt finde the casting under the perke and therein shall 
ye knowe wheder the hawke be sounde or no^ for som gobet 
woll be yelow and som grene, and som glemous repyng and 
derke and sum clere ; for if it be yelow, she gendrith an evyll 
called the frounce. This yvelle well arise in the mouthe other 
in the cheke, and if it be grene she gendrith the ree. This 
y veil wolle arise in thev hedde and make the hedde swell, and 
but it have help it woll downe into there leggs, and if it go from 
the legges to the hedde agayn, forrctb t!:e hawke is but lost. 
And if it be glemous and roping, she rsndrith an yvell y-callyd 
the Cray, that is when an hawke may not mute. 

Medicynefor the Frounce, 

Take a silver spone, and put the smale ende in the fire til il 
be hote, and opy n bis mouthe, and bren the sore, and anoynt it 
with the merowe of a gose wyng that hath ley long, and she 
shall be hole. And if the frounce be wox as grete as a note, 
then there is a grub therein, as it were the mawe of a pigion ; 
then thu most kut it with a rasure in this manner; leteholde the 
hawke and flytt there the sore is, and thu shallt fynde there 
the grubbe; take it oute all hole, and take a peyre off sherest^ 
and kut the skyn away, make it as feir as ye mowe, and with 
a lynnyn cloth w^ipe away the blode and anoynt the sore with 
hame iiij, dayes are we, and afterwardes with popilion, unto 
the tyme that it be hole. 

For the tee to goshawke. 

Take a dase, and stampe it in a morter, and wring oute the 
jus, and with a penne put it in to the hawkes naris onys or 
twys, where the hawke is lere gorgyd, and lete here tire anon 
afterward, and every day till it be hole. To a sper-hawke 
take perseley morys in the same manner. 



Far the Cray* 

Take and cbaufe with your hondes her fondement with luke 
water long tymc, and after that take the powdere of saxifrage 
or ells the powder of Rewe and a quantUe of May butter, and 
temper it well togider til they ben even in ellede; then put it 
in a litel round box, and stop it faste, and as ye fede yoQr 
hawke an hole mele anoynt here mete therewith, and that scbal 
make her love her mete the better for love of the onement and 
kepe her fro the Cray, and fro other evylle may moo* 

Another. Take fresch butter, and put in here foundement 
with youre handes, and she schall be hole. 

Another. Take porke and wete it in bote mylke of a goote 
other a kowe, and fede her ther with &c, 

Thefrouncacomyth when a man fedith his bank with porke 
cat other kydde, iiij. melys are we. The Ree corny th in faute 
of bote mete, of colde, other of smoke, other els of grete fervent 
hete in the neste. The Cray comytb of wasch mete that is 
wasch in bote Avater in defaute of bote mete. Also it comyth 
of thredes the which is in the flesch and namly in tyryng, 
and everyche iij. day in the somer and onys in the weke in 
the wynter lete your bawke bathe if it be myry weder and not 
ell. When tbou bathist thi hawke, ever more before yeve 
here a morcell of hootc mete vnwasch, thog^b she be a gos- 
hawke, and al other tyme^ i-wasch. And yf that ye woll 
that your hawke fle in the morowtyde, fede here the nyght 
afore with a morcell of hoote mete waschyn io vinegre, if the 
hawke be in high astate, and withoute dowte she woll fle 
w^elh And if thi hawke be full gorged, and woldest sone 
opon have a fligble, take iij, cornys of whete and yeve it 
here and she woll cast here gorge, and anon after fede here 
with a morcell of bote mete and cast here in a derkc place ; and 
if she be over gorged do the same maner. And vndyrstand 
wel that hole fotid bryddes betb not holsom to hawke while 
hawke is fleyng, but while be is in mewc. And clove fotyd 
bryddes ben good to hawk while he fleiih and mew^eih as wode- 
coke, snyte, perterich, ffesaiint, and bestes of the venery ben 
goode as martrynsi, squirelles, conynggs. and harys; and loke 
that thou passe not of liarys flesch iij. or iiij\ melys, for yf ye do, 
for?;oth he shall be blynde, as it hath be seyn oft tymes* Also 
be well ware of venyson for it is verey poyson to hawke. Also 
bote befe as it is slay is verey poison to hawke, excepte the 
herte. Also pigions is goode, for olde coluours makith hawke 
drye* Crow doth the same. Ravyns ben poison to hawkes. 
A yong roke is full goode as chikyn ben, Pyes cawekes ben 
goode to goshawkes, and not to sperhawkes, for they moste 



have tendere mete as sprous, eysoges, owsilless, and presches, 
and other smale briddes. Also batiges ben perlys, for if hawkes 
ete them they woll caste her felhers, ihogh it were in chef fleyng 
tyme. And also loke what bryddes that bith cloverfoled and 
necessary to men, and sucb ben goode for hawkes, and not hole 
fotod, as my mayster hath taught me* Also loke that thy 
hawke tire every other day while she is fleyng, for nothyng in the 
worlde is that woll dense a hawkes hedde as tyryng, and the 
swetteate tyryng that is to goshawke and sperbawke is a pigge 
is tayle* Nere the lees the rumpe of a bests clensith the hedde 
better. Allso a pigions fote is good tiryug, Ffor on of the 
principal! causes that the ree genderys is faute oote of tyryng. 

Here beginneth the termys of Hawh/ng*^— 

In the begynnyng of termes of hawkyng, who so woll him 
lere, hem schall he fynd six there ben of termys. The first is 
holde fast when abatiih. The ij. is rebate your hawke to your 
fiste- The iij. is fedc your hawke and sey not geve here mete. 
The iiij* is that an hawke suy th is beke and not wypith. The 
V. cast your hawke to the perke, and say not ley. The vj, is 
that your hawke joketh, and not slepith. And who so woll lern 
the kyndely speche of hawkyng, many ther ben that hereafter 
soyth* The first is to say this is a feire hawke, a huge hawke, 
a long hawke, a shorte hawke, thyk, and sey not this is a grete 
hawke. And ye shall shall say this hath a large beke, or a 
sworte of a huge hedde, or a smalle feire. I sesounde entered 
yes. And yc shall say this hawke is full y -gorged, and hath 
endewedd, or i-put over. And ye schull say that your hawke 
mutith and not sclisith. This hawke hath a feirer long wyng, 
a feirer long tayle with vj. barrys oute, and stondith opon the 
seven. This hawke is enterpennyd, that is to say when the 
fethers of the wyngs be bytwinc the body and the thyes. This 
hawke is engowted into braell ende. This hawke hath an 
huge legge, other a flatt, other a rounde, other a feire en- 
sered leg, on the fete flatt. And ye schull say that the hawke 
hath white canwas other red mayfe. And ye shall understand 
that a goshawke or tereell, that is a fore hawk^ hath no mayle, 
but after the first cnote. And if there be eny hawke, and she 
rewarde gladly to her game, ye shuU say cast your hawke 
thereto, and say not lete fiee. And ye schull say when your 
hawk halh nome a foule and brekith away fro here, ye schull 
say that your hawke hath stomfede many fethers of the foule, 
and is not broke away; for in kyndely spech ye schull say that 
your hawke hath noine a foule, and not i-take. And ye schull 
say I have founde a covey of pertrich, a bevey of quayles, and 
eye of fesaunts. And If ye recleme your hawke, ye moste 

withdraw on melo into iij. into the tyme that she wolte come, 
and then encrese her melys better and better. And if your 
hawke shall fle io pertriches, ye moste raake your hawke to 
know a pertrich; and when sche knowith a partrich go to fold© 
where is covey, and lete the spanyell flusch up the covey. 
And if that she abate lete her fle, but be war that thou con- 
streyne her not to flee. And if she neme oon rewarde her a- 
pon here foule, the merke the covey and goo afore them somwhat 
and lete that part rich t!iat ye have in your bagge fle be a ere- 
aunce, so that the hawke nym the partrich fleyng ; then cast the 
hawke to and he wolt nym her withoute doute ; then gof yndde 
more of the covey, and he woll take y-nogh of hem withoute 
any doote: then reward your hawke, and in this manner : take 
a knyf and strike of the pertrich hedde and the nek, and strik 
away the skyn fro the neck, while the hawke plumy th on the 
pertrich, and then hold the neck and the hedde togydcr to her, 
and then sche woll leve the foule, and come to the fust to the 
mete. Then yeve her to reward the brayo, the eyen, and the 
flesch aboute the neck, and lete her not lie afterwardes til she 
have sewyd her beke or rowsed her; then is your haw^ke made 
as towchyng to perteriches. 

For an hawkt! thai hath casting, and may not cast to make 
her cast. 

Take the jus of salendyne and yeve it her, other iiij. cornys 
of whete. Other take a greyn of staphisagre, and put under 
her tong, and she shall caste and the hawke sounde* 

JFhr the dr^J^rounce, 

Take the rote of polypody that groweth on okis and seth hem 
a grete while; then lake it fro the fire and lete cole in tumylke 
warme, then wasch your fleschi therin and fede your hawke iij, 
tymes, and withoute doute he schall be hole. 

For hawkes thai been drj/t and desirelh to drynhe to kepe hem 
moyste in h/nde. 

Take the jus of horehounde, and wete thy hawkes mete there- 
in, and fade her therewith onys or twyys, and she shall be hole. 

Fhr wormes within the hawk, called fftylaundris, 

fake the jus of nepter, and put it it in a small gutte of a 
capon other a henne, and knyt the bothe endes with a threde, 
and fastyng let here receyve it all hole and knyt the beke lest 
she cast it oute. The time of his sikenes is when a hawke 
gapith and skiyllyth opon the fuste. 
2 N 



That an hawke ly not on hey in the mewe/are unhasie. 

Take veme rotes that groweth on okys and boke appuls and 
stamp hem, and yeve hym the jus therof, onys or ij., and he 
shall be hole. 

For hawke that will not come to recleme to make here come. 

Take fresh butter and put therto syg^r and put it in a clene 
cloute and recleme hym therto, and kepe it in a boxe in your 
bag. Wiliam Waters, sone ydi sends the thia other day how 
men schyld goshawkes and sperhawkes kepe, of the faucotm 
gentill and the laner solas is ther non to hym that may not 
labour, for so who woll use that craft he mosie caste his herte 
therto to gete, and conquere worschipe of his faucoun. 

for to kepe hawkes in keie* 

Loke that thu be not dronkelowe ne lecherous daylyng with 
wommeni for if thu handell thy hawke afterwardes with thi 
handes unwasch, forsoth thu fleyst thyn hawke, because thei 
hate filthede above all ihyng. 

For to fede hawkes crafte. 

Loke that his mete be not colde nether harde, but pike out 
the thredes clene. AHso loke that thu fede hym in dew horis ; 
and be well ware of over laboryng, for that schall make her 
Icse her corage. 

Be well war that thyn hawke be not put in a full cold place, 
nether in fervetn sonne but after that she hath bathed, and if 
she be allmoste dry draw her unto the house till she be dry, 
and afterwardes put her outeagayn to prowne and spalch her- 
self, and a non after that proynyng draw her in agayn, but if 
that it is wynter then it is necessary to her to be oute in the 
Sonne altogeder after bathyng. 

For to draw an hawke fro here ne^te, and how he schal be 
fedde, and made better then a braunckere in hardenesse. 

Who so taketh an hawke fro his eyre hym behovith to do 
esely bryngyng hem in all thyng, kepyng hem fro colde, for if 
he take colde ore he be full somniyd, for solh he schall gendre 
the crampe, and fro hurting of her bonys. He beoym hem her 
kynde to suffer stench and filthed. Yif her dene mete, first in 
the me we thu moste use her to hackyng ; and when thou seist 
hym hym begyn to feder, draw hym oute of the mewe and put 
him in a grove, m a crowys neste, other in a kuytes ; and if 
there be no neste, thu moste make a neste in the warmyst wyse, 
and put hym therin, and hacke his mete, and use hym ever to 


hackyng ; and when he begynncth to clambre upon bowys use 
hym ever raore to Imckyiig, and till he tijethe fro tre to tre, lie 
woll come to hackyng, Then he woll not come hut thu raoste 
hacke and leve his racte opon a borde in his neste, and he woll 
come thider to his paste eche day. Now thu knowyst how he 
schalle be servyd, but what mete he shal be fed with, 1 shall (all 
the; loke that he be fedde iiij, tyraes every day after that he is 
caste oute, first at iiij. at the clok, then at ix., then at ij. after 
noon, then at vij., but loke if ye may fede his eche mele with 
diverse metis, and but yf thou may ech other day, at the leste 
ech iii. day, oon day with beof, another with molon, another 
with porke, on mele, and that schal make here harder then 
an eyas because that he lieth oute in the reyne and wynde 
as good a braunchere be cause he is braunchere, and when he 
ful ferme is sevenygh befor ere thu take his, withdraw hia 
mete, but wasch not his mete, and after pich an vreyn in the 
wey that thou seist hym come in, and over drawe hym, then 
encile him, and do al things aljovesayd. Tlien ordeyn his 
gesses redy and his bell, and fare feire with hym in the reha- 
tyng, then tech him to light fVom thi fiste to the grounde, and 
fro the grounde to thi fist, both ner and ferrer by a creaunce. 
And if he shall fly to the revere make him come to the tabur, 
and in this maner* Take a tabre and a stik brode in the end© 
and put flesch in the ende, and recleme him thertow; then when 
he is well reclerayd thertoo anesal hym to a malard, and when 
he is made unto a malard, lete oon have a tame malard under 
a banke of the rever prevely, and lete hym with the stik re- 
cleme the hauklhat hath thelabre aboute his necke, and when 
he seith the hauke comyng lete hym bete the tabre and then 
with the betyng lete him that hath the malard kast her up, and 
then the hawke wol forsake the tabre, and seysyne the malard. 
Then afterward use hira to fle to a wylde malard, and when he 
shall fle ther moste be a counlerevere to make the soule spyu 
so when the hawke schall come in, he shall carie it to londe, 
then yeve hym the herte to rewarde. And if your hawke shall 
be made to heron, thu moste take a tame heron add drawe out 
the both eyon, of her, and breke her byll, and bynde aboute 
the herouns hedde hoote mete, and put her in a place at thy 
devyce, then shew her to the Imwke, and the hawke if he have j 
eny corage wol fle to here, and because of the mete that he 
seith on the herons hedde, he woll seison her in the hedde; then 
kutte the grete bonys of the wynggis and with a penne draw 
oute the merowe, and set opon the hedde of the heron for to 
make her love the hoddc, AUso thu moste have som sugur 
for augere and merowe of the wynges moste be mellyd togeder: 
and in this wyse rewarde the hawke when he taketh a crane. 



bittour, shoulere, other pofire. And who so wol hawk for the 
heron or eny of thees foulys^ he moste bring sugure to rewarde 
the hawk with hym. 

Fgt to make an hawke lue all ike seson, ffice olhere leve, 
ei cetera. 

But if that he go to raveyn holde hit in eye then when he 
levith foly, and taketh that he shuld neygh him nerc aud nere 
faire withonte any fray^ then rewarde nim ooner his foule as 
myche as he woll ete withoute brysing or brekyng his cleys, 
for that is good to do, and then thu myghtest me we hiqj, and 
therto use his crafte as thogh he flewe every day, and thus he 
moste he servyd w^hen men levith hawkyog for a seson. 

Fbr to she Use on hanke. 

Take scapysagre, and sethe it in water, and w^hen it is colde 
lete the hawke bathe her therin, and afterw^ard he woll scheke 
oiite all the lyse when he dryeth hym» 

For hawke that hath lost his corage and Ivste. 

An hawke that bath his corage, man may knowe if he take 
hede, for such is his manner when ho caste to his foule he fleith 
awayward as thoght he knewe never that foule, other fleith a 
a lytill while after, and anoon he ycldeth it up. Therefore 
take oyle of Spayne and temper it with clere wyne, with the 
yolkc of an ege, and put therin heof, and yeve v. morcell to the 
hawke, then sette her in the sonne, and at yeve fcde here with 
an hoote foule, and but if that avayle, rubbe his tonge, and the 
ruff of his mouth with powdere of sange, and when it draweth 
toward youe, fede hym with an hoote foule. And if thu do 
go iij. that hawke was never sojalyte and so luste afore as he 
shall be afterward and com to his corage ageyn. 

For an hauke that iraneyleth opon the teyne. 

An hawke that traveyleth upon the teyne. Man may knowe 
if he take hede, for suche is her maner that she wolde pante for 
abatyng then another doth^ for in and if she shold fie a litell 
while almoste she wold lese her breth, whether she be high or 
lowe. Therefore take a quantite of rednesse of hasyll to pow- 
dere of rasne, and peper, and sum what of gyngere, and make 
therofin fresch grece, make iij. pelotys andholde the goshawke 
to the fire, and when he feleth the heet, make her swolow the 
iij, pelotys be strenght, and knyt the bcke fast that she caste 
not oute, and do so iij. tymes and of the teyn he is saved* 



Another, Yeve here jus of rasne and jubarde onys or ij. 
and he shall be hoole. 

For kawkes combered in here howeh. 

If thu wylte wy te that thyn hawke be cobured in here bowels, 
at his eyeii thu mayst perce%-e, for hts eyen woU be derke, and 
ungladly, and her fouedement woU defile her brael. Medicine 
very is to take the hawkes mete, and anoynt it in powder of 
canell, and yeve her, and she shal be hoole. 

For woTtnys called anguilles* 

Sech lassers quikke, and make her swollow hem and they 
schuU dye. Another peryd. Take the Jus of dragonce, and 
put full the gut of a capon thereof, and then kut it in gobotts, 
and departe it as the hawke may over swolowe it, and so put 
in his body^ and knyt the beke lor oute castyng. 

For the stone. 

Anoynt the hawke is erys with oyle of olyve and put in 
powdere of alym with an holow strawe* 

Anoihere. Yeve hym the jus of crysteg ladder and he shal 
be hoole. 

For sekejiesse ofsweUyng. 

A wykked felone is swoUe of such maner coverte that no 
man may it hele, that the hawke schal not dye thus a man may 
help hit and somewhat his lyf lenght. The hawke wol he egre 
and gletions and on the seke side lentior where the sikenes 
light, and his fete woll be of colour of hony, Therfor take the 
roote of oonfurye and sugur eche like raoch, and doseth it in a 
fresch grece with the thyrde part of hony, then draw it thorgh 
a feire cloth, and ofte yeve thy hawke, and he schall heele* 

For hawke that woll sowre. 

Take the jus of fenell, and yeve it her onys, or ij. and that 
shal be nyme her that pryde, and make her egre, whether sche 
be hieght other lowe. 

For bleynes in hawke mouthe, called ffounekes. 

Of the founches it is drede for it is a noyous sekenes, and 
draweth hym to deth, and halte him streyte, for men seith that 
it comyth outte of coold, for coold doith hawkes grete disese, 
and makith flume fall oute of the vrayne, hut if it have hastely 
help it wol stop his nare throlles ; therfor take fencll, mariolle 
and kersounelich moch, and seth it and drawe it throgh a clowte, 



and otherewyles wasch his hedde therwith and do sum in the 
niffe of his mouthe. 

For bocches that ^aweth in the gewe, 

Kut hem with a knyf and lete oiite the quetor that thu find- 
eat therin, and after wardes dense it dene with a silver spone, 
other els of tyn, and then fil the hode full of poudere of arnement 
y-brent, and opon that poudere do a lytel lard reside, and so it 
wol away ; and if it be in the foote, do the same as is sayd 

For to make an hawke high of astute, 

rTake a quantite of pork, hony, and butter elech moch and 
purged grece, and do away the sky n, and do sethe togeder, 
and anoynt thy mete therin and fede hym, and but he encrese 
take the weng of an enede, fede him and kepe hym fro trauayle, 
and do so oft thogh the enede be never so fat, and if it passe 
fourtenyght that he be nal hight never nyl I raelle. 

For sekenes within the body of an hawke and ii sckew 
noght oute to help hytn and lie shal after leve long y^noghf, and 
goode iherto ffor a acabbyd liawke. 

Take old greee brymston and cinomome and cofye efere and 
anoynt the scabbe to the fire, and he schall be hole. 

For methys thatdevorith the pennys of an hawk* 

Take mellfoyle and stamp it^ and take it, and put it in vi- 
negre, and menge therto the torde of a gose, and lete all thys 
remayn togedere iij, dayes, then after take al togedere and 
put in a lynnyn doth, and queyse out the jus, and anoynt the 
place that the pennys ben devored, and namly in the wynges, 
and in the tayle; then afterwardys make poodre of syndrcs and 
cast in the tayle iij. dayes, but not are we but fit>m to iij. daies. 

For the eoght. 

Take pouder of bayes, and do it on flesch of a cokoure, and 
if he have it ofte he woll hele, 

Fctr the cramp in hawkes legges, 
Fede hym with an Irch}Ti, and but that avayle take the bote 
blode of a lambe, and anoynt his leggs unto^the tyme he be 
hole, ' ^ 

For the cramp in hawkes wyng. 

Take a white lof sumwhat cooldere then it comyth 
oven, and kut her almoste a too in the peth, and,ley 
wyng therin, and of the cramp he is savyd. 


iBble of the 
ihe hawka 

For hawke thai hath laste his dee. 


A newe clee schall not growe, but take a mowse and open 
hym, and anoynt the place wher the clee fil of with the galie of 
a hog, and ho schal be he hole. 

Fbr an hawk that castyth his Jiesch* 

Geve hj^m the jus of cerfoille^ other seth rasne in water and 
put his flesch therin when it boyleth et cetera. 

For hawkes i-poysend. 

Take a stone and make ponder of her, then take treacle and 
iij\ greynes of peper, and yeve to the ha\vke, and kepe him ix. 
dayes after ; ageyn take triacle and the greynes of peper and 
bren her to ponder and caste that ponder on bote mete and fede 
yoor hawk and he shal be dely veryd. 

For an hawke that is bite of a beest. 

Take the fethers away, and if it be but litel, with a rasare 
kut it, and anoynt it with hole butter. Then take olybanum 
rasine wax and talaw and confye al thees to gedere, and anoynt 
the sore with this oynement tyi it be hole, 

Far dtde jlesch in a hawke. 

Take alow and saxifrage, aod make pouder and put on the 
sore, and he schal be hole. 

How a penne that is brokyn schal be drawe oute withoute ony 

Take the blode of a raton and caste abowte the penne that 
is broken, but be woll ware that it touche no hole penne, and 
anoon the hawk wol caste her oute. Then take bony sod en, 
and make a pyone and lete it drop in the hole where the penne 
fil oute, and anon ther wyl a newe pen growe. And if a penne 
be broke in the cave take another penne like the same and 
sewe here with a nedyl there. The which tbu scbalt do better 
by experience then thorgh the techyng of this boke, and in all 
poynts of hawkyng experience is chef. If thu wilt that thyn 
Iiawke take an hare or a connyng bynde gesses in the both 
leggs, for then he schal take withoute hertyng. And be wel 
ware when an hj^wke bath bathed of vcnym that he taketh 
oute of his tayle with his beke, and anoynteth his cleys with 
and venemyth himself and sleeth. Therfor as sooe as he pro wood 
hym, take that away fro his beke. Allso if thy hawke skrylle 
or cr>'e, other wyse then he ought, tnke and yeve his jeremyse 
with powder of peper. AUso in the morow tyde when thou 
goyst oute to hawkyng, say in noinme Domini volatilia ceH 



eruntsuhpedibus tuis. Also lest he be hurt of the he)*roni say, 
vicil ho as trihu Juda radix David, aUeluya. Also if thy hawke 
be bitte of eny man say Quern iniquus homo ligavit Dominusper 
advenium suum solvit A man may knowe by the ungladnesse 
after the chear that he niaketh, but strong it is to knowe thing 
that a man may not se in what wysc the sickenesse holdeth 
hym, when mon wote here whereof it cometh, Therto tha 
Bnaltdo suche madecyne fTede her wel with an henn, and then 
make her faste ij. daies after to voydon his bo well, the iij. day 
take honey soden and fil his body full and bynde his beke for 
oat castyng ; then set her in the sonne, and when it drawith 
toward even fede her with a hoote foule, for so taght me my 
mayster, and if hele not therof loke never other medicyne* 
There is a sikenes in the entrayles of another kynde then this 
is, that is when hawke may not put over for the stoppyng of his 
entre, for if he holde not his mete and casteth it oote, that raakith 
the fowle glette for surfete 0/ fethers that men in the mew ye- 
veth hym ; and afterwardes a, hen he corny th to traveyle and is 
avoyde of the rever, then he is slow for to flee, and desircth for 
to reste^ and when he is opon his perke he slepeth for to putt over 
at the entre, and tlie flesch that is in his gorge w^oll be over- 
soden if it be ther any while long holdyng, and w^hen he is a* 
wakyd he assaith for to put over at the entre, and it is a cool- 
dyd by the glette that he hath gedered that it wol not be, and 
ii he schuld ascape he moste put it it over, other caste it other 
dye, and if he caste it he may be holpe therof. Take the yolke 
of an egge rawe, and w^hen Ihu haste well beten it put thereto 
Spaynesch salte, and as moclie hony therto ; w^ete iheron thy 
flesch and lete holde the hawke, but if he woU ete it w^ylfully 
and make hym over swolowe iiij. morcell a day til he be hole. 
Anolhere. Take hony at the wayny ng of the mone, and make 
powder of a kene metall verey smal and when it is well 
grownde take the brest bon of an enede, and do away the skyn, 
and do theron thy powder, and all hole with the powder fede 
hym, and do so iij. tymes and he schall hele- 

For tlie goute. 
Take and ycve an irchyn to youre hawke onys or twyes, 
and he schall hele. 

For the myies. 
Take the jus of wermote, and do where where they been, 
and they schall dye. 

For an hawke i-woundi/d. 
Take away the fethers about the w ounde, and take the white 
of an eg^e and oyle of oly ve and medil efere and anoynte the 
wounde, and kepe it with wlake wyn unto the tyme; then see 



dede flesch to be wastyd, and after take encerce of cleiie wax, 
as moche of on as of a nother, an corfye it in fere, and when 
thou wilt anoynt it, anoynt it with a penne tyl the tyme the 
skyn growe agayn; and if thou see dede flesch theron and wold- 
yst it to be delyvryd, take letig:re.s, and brennc it to pouder, l^A 
and put opon the wounde till the dede flesch be consumyde, 
and there anoynt it with the oynement forsayd and he shal 

Far thefevere and the kete. 

Take and yeve hym the ins of niogworte onys or twyes, /.* 
The signe is when an hawke Imth the ffeverc he holdeth down ^ 
his hede, and his wynggs hongeth doun, and 'his fete woli be 
passyng hoote. 

For the goute in the wyngis. 

Take guy that groweth on the grounde and sethe it in water, 
and after stampe it and bynd by the sides aboute his wynges, 
and his wynges in the seyd water ; piitte then hoote vinegre, 
and spoute opon his wyngs and oyle of laure, and he wqW hele. 

For brekynge of a bone. 

Iff ther be a bon broke take a hoote loff and bynde aboute 
on nyght. Another, Take a cokke torde soden in vinegre and 
do the same, and sanabitur. 

For a legge or a thigh broki/ti. 

Take mastik and an oyntraente of the erth called olybanum 
serpentarie, and consolidam imnorem, and slainpe al this to* 
gedcr^ and put in a lynnen clooth, and wrap the leg other the 
thight in the sayd clooth, and dense oute the queter away 
with a penne, and lete it reraayne there v, dayes and v* nyghtes, 
et cetera, 

77tat a liawhe be not pidie in mewe. 
If thu lovyste wel tlii hawke put here not in mewe to late; 
for if it l)e a sore hawke put her in the month of February, and 
if it be a mewer put her in the month of January, for who so 
for covetyse of fleyng lessith the tynie of his hawkys mewing, 
and holdeth here longer then afterwardySj he may put here in 
mewe as aventure wol yeve, for who so put hawke in mewe in 
the begynnyng of Lente, if he be fedde after here luste, he 
schail lie mewyd in the begynnyng of Auguste, The mew^e 
in this maner schal be sette that no fucher no volyraare enter 
in another wynd ne grete colde nether it hit be bote, but that 
lie perty be turnyd toward the sunne, so that in the nioste perte 




of the day tlio sonne may sbyne in ; then loke that he be not 
grevyd with no noyse, nother with song of man, but of his tliat 
fedeth him \ then ordeyn his fedyng stokke that it hurte hym 
not in no wysQ, and loke that his mete be clene, for of yvell 
mets wol he non, ne suffre no reyn to wete be syTiogs of bathyng. 
She take no hunderyng of her mewing. 

The manere to put hawke in mev^e. 
Of on th\ ng be thu wel ware, if he have eny sikenes make 
thu hym hole or thou put him in, ffbr as y understand seke 
hawke schal never wel me we, and if he do, he schal not en- 
dure, but the while that he is grete and liit, for at the batyng 
of here astatc she raaynu lenger endure. Somtyme withoute 
eny medicyoe many men devysiden how they myght hawkes 
me we, for sum put her in high astate, and other when they 
were right lowe, and other when they were full, and other when 
they were lere, and som other desmerablich lene, and other 
that tooke no fors but as aventur wold yeve. Therefor ye schal 
myn avj^se say, as y seyn and lernyd. Who so put goshawke 
sperhawke so bight that he may not higher ben, sche woll holde 
her long in that poynte or sche mewe or any for luce. And 
who so put her in mewe so lene, it wol be lenger or sche be 
remo wilted. And who so put her in rae\\ e so huogri and so 
lene if sclie have at here lust becau^ of that hugur that sche 
haddc afore, she woll ete so moche that sche may be dede 
tliereby ,as it hath be seynofte tymes; but who so woll that his 
hawke in mewe endure, my councell is that she be nether to 
lowe nether in grete distresse of hunger, but in that state that 
sche wolde be leffte fleynge; then take hede the firste dayes of 
to rnoche etyng unto the tyme sche be staunched ; then a man 
may take her suche mete as I schali telle hym. 

How men schal fede here hawkes in mewe* 

Suche mete as he hath moste usid, such mete fede hyra with 
the firste vij. dayes and the viij, day * yeve him briddes y- 
nowe, and Icte her hem take, and plume on hom if she woll the 
which schali dense well her bowel 1, and make here have a 
talente to hire mete ; then afterwarde a man may yeve here 
what mete that he woM* But the moste flesch tliat woll make 
her mewe withoute any other medycyne is the llesch of an 
enede, a yonge swanne of a kome, and of a raton, so that it be 
not assawte under heven, it is beste mete to mewe an hawke j 
and a yonge gose if she have it hoole is full good, and bobetts 
of grete elys, y-vv^et in hotc blood of moton, for the bobyn nexte 
the navyl of the ele maketh the hawke after sore age. These 
ben good to mewe hawke, and kede here in good pojoite. Of 



thees fleschys loke that she have good plente ech day, m that 
sche leve sum what unetoa ; and what mete that it be, loke 
that she have such stuff that sche leve sum what uoeton, and 
eche day loke that sche have a grete turfc, for she woll hgh 
tberon and defile it with here muty iig, for it woll do here passing 
grete chere and grete refressching. AUso loke that she have 
every iij. day in sende til she begyn to me we and after wardes 
in water; then when sche is nyght to scrme, the llesch of houndys 
hennys and af fat porke doth here grete good. But of all other 
fleschis after mewyng, the flesch of an hare oon mele or ij. is 
beste. And the flesch of a ko we sum what in water wasch, for 
that wol not hastelych benym here grece, ne put here in no grete 
feulyng for it duritli suniwhat with here. 

To mewe an hawke hlyne, 

Hastely to mewe an bawke I schall tell veray medecyne that 
thou schalt leve, if thou assay seche in woodes other in mares ; 
that thou have ij. snakes other edders that ben well better, and 
smyte of the heddes and the ende of the tayle ; then take a 
newe erthen potte that never was used, and kut hem into smale 
gobetts and put him therin, and lete strangely ch seeth at greete 
lajrsere, so that there com oute therof ne breeth, and lete it 
seeth so longe that tlie flesch turned into grece, then caste it 
oute and do away the bonys and geder the grece, and put it in 
a clene wessett, and as ofte as ye fede your bawke anoynt her 
mete therein, and lete ete as moche as ye woll, and she shall sone 
mewe thogh it were in fleyng tyme. Anothere, Take an eddere, 
and stryke of the hedde and the tayle, and seeth whete with 
here, and fede hennes with the whete, and yeve the hennes to 
thy bawke, and he schal sone mewe. 

n^ so walk that Aw mewe kawk mew not, ne lete/alle Ttoon 
hi^ fetliers. 

Bere him on fiste al the yere longe, and take poudere of canell 
and the jus of panys and the jus of frankecoste and medill to 
geder e, and yef thy hawke am orcel ij, or iij, wette in the sayd 
JUS and be wol not mew, and do so oue, 

Anothere. Take the skyn of a snake other of an edder that 
better worchith and kut it in to smale morcellyg, and temper it 
in hoote bloode, and make thy hawke often tymes ete, and 
she schal not mewe. 

For to enseyme an hawke* 

Allso loke that thyn hawke be ferme or tbu drawest him oute, 
and when he is so, withdraw^e his mete in the mewe sevennyghe 





and wasch it eche tyme, and siuntyme with vioegre til he be 
enceyniyd; for if he be drawe oute full of grece when he boteth 
on llie fist, the grece wol breke and congeyle to colde, and roote 
the guttys that the hawke may not receyve no mete, and so he 
moste nedys deye ; then afterdrawe him oute and yeve liim 
blanket to caste, ech other nyght tyl the tyme he be enseymyd^ 
and vinegrc ; also loke that lie fie not tyl that he be clene ensey- 
royd, whether he be mewyd other an eyas hawke ; and yf tnu 
w^ilt knowe whether he be enseymyd other no, take the cast- 
yng, and wryng it oute in a bason full of clene water, and if the 
water bubyll he is not clen enseymyd^ and if he do not, he is 

Here endyth the booke of hamkyng after Prince Edwarde 
kynff of Englaiide, 


Fk^m MS. Harl. 3542, of the llflte«iith centmy. 

The man that wol to the to hond swerd lere bothe close and 

He most have a goode eye bothe fer and nere, 

And an in stop, and an owte stop, and an hawke quartere, 

A cantel, a doblet, an half for hys fere, 

Two TowTidys an an halfe with a goodo chere, 

Thys ys the ferst cowmtere of the too hond swerd, sere. 

Bynde hem togedere and sey god spede, 

Two quarters and a rownde a stop thou hym bede 

A rake with a sprj^ng there thou hym abyde, 

Falle in with an haiike and stride no^te to wyde, 

Smyte a rcnnyng quarter owte for hys syde, 

Fal apon hys barneys yf he %vole abyde. 

Come in with a rake in every a syde, 

An hole TowiAe and an halfe wath so hit betyde, 

iiij, quarters and a rownd and a ventures stroke wyth. 

Bcre up hys harnes and gete thou the gryth 

Dobyi up lyjthy and do as y seye, 

Fal in with an hauke and here a goode eye. 

A spryng and a rownde and stap in wyth, 

Spare nojth an hauke yf he lye in thy kyth ; 

Smyte a rennyng quarter sory owte of thy honde, 

Abyde apon a pendent and lese not thy londe 

Smyte in the ly tfe foote and clene ryjt doune, 

Geder oute of thy ryjte hond and smyte an hauke round e. 


Fresly smyte thy strokis by dene, 

And hold wel thy lond that hyt may be sene. 

Thy rakys, thy rowndis, thy quarters abowte. 

Thy stpppis, thy foynys, lete hem fast rowte. 

Thy spryngys, thy quarters, thy rabetis also, 

Bere a goode eye and lete thy hond go. 

Fy on a false hert that dar not abydo. 

Wen he seyth roundys and rakys rennyng by his side. 

He not hastly for a lytil pryde. 

For lytil wote thy adversary wath hym shal betide. 

Lete strokys fast folowe atler hys honde, 

And hauk rounde with a stop and stil that thou stand, 

Greve not gretly thov thou be tochyd a lyte^ 

For an after stroke ys better yf thou dar hym smyle, 

A gode rounde with an hauke and smyte ry^t doune, 

Gedyr up a doblet and spare not hys croune. 

With a rownde and a rake abyde at a bay, 

With a rennyng quarter sette hym oute of his way. 

Thys buthe the letters that stondyn in hys syjte. 

To teche or to play or ellys for to fy^te; 

These buthe the strokys of thy hole grounde, 

For hurte or for dynte or ellys for depys wonde. 




From MS. Harl. 2407, foL DO, v*, of the fifteenth century. 

Ther ys a bodi of a bodi, 
And a soule and a sprj^te, 
Wyth ij, bodies most be knete. 

Ther bethe ij. erthys, as I the tele. 
And ij. watres wyth hem to dwele ; 
The ton ys whyjt, the tot her ys red, 
To queke the bodies that ben ded. 

And j, lyre in nature I hede. 
And j. ayre wyth hem doth the ded ; 
And al hyt cometh owte of on kynd, — 
Marke thys wel man in thy mynd. 





In French, from two leayes on Teltum^ written in double columns at the 
beginning of tbe fifteenth century. They app^e&r to have been ported to 
the cover of a book, and only the verao of the first leaf and the recto of Iha 
second are legible* 

foL 1, v« Qu'il convient que 4 pie se soit mis 
Et quant le senglier le choisi, 
Tellement de baiiez parti, 
Qull n'est home si voit tel depart 
Que il ne vousist estre autre part; 
Et celltii qui estoit a pi«5 
En mains tint un fort espie, 
Si le fery emmi Tescu, 
Mais sachez n'eu^st pas vescu 
Longuement, si comme je croy, 
Combien qu'il fust ou prince on roy, 
Se trois levriers qui la sourvindrent. 
Qui le senglier aux nachez prindrent, 
Ne fossent adoncques venu; 
Mais bien tost leur est mal venu, 
Car des aij, les .ij* en tua, 
Et le tiers du tout affola, 
Puis s'en ala par la champaigne* 
N*y a cellui qui ne le craigne ; 
Car .ij, hommes a affoles, 
Et si a leurs levriers tuez, 
Et puis si s'en ala sans perdre. 
Car a lui nul n*osoit aberdre. 
Mais encor se affaire I'avoie, 
Plus volenters me combatroye 
A un senglier bien enarm6 
Qu a un grant cerf bien escauffe, 
Dictes quant on se veult esbatre, 
Est-ce plaisir de se combatre 
Et faire ses menbres trencher 
A un serf ou a un senglier 1 
Avoir paour, peril, et painel 
N*est-ce mie chose grevaine! 
Certes si est que que nul die ; 
Mais s*il est qui le contredie, 
Que les mauLx ne faille endurer 
Que cy m'aves ou'i nommer, 
A ceulx qui deduit de chienz aiment, 



Et qui maistre et scignur se claiment ; 
Je sui prest de ie mettre por voir: 
Mais il est trop bon assavoir, 

CO*. 2, Que deduit d* oiseaulx, monseigneor, 
Est sans naal en boute ^cigneur; 
Car donne profBt et plaisance 
Et bien hoimeste sans grevance, 
• A tons ceulx qui Taimera , . . 
Et qui lojahBent le deserv^iW, 
Trop plus grandemeot * . . pe fais 
Deduit de chiens o * * u , , p . * se defait 
Maint vadlant homine a seignourie ; 
Si vueil a mon propos se mie, 
Et monsieur vout preseutement 
Ce que j'ai dit, vecy comment. 

Je commencheray aux segtiieurs^ 
Car deves leur sont honoeurs ; 
En traictant tout premierement 
Des faucons, car clayment 
De tous autres oiscaulx co . . . nt, 
Ceulx qui plus ^d,ni plaisance font, 
Le roy qui tint les faucons, 
Pour ce en ... a beaux et a bons ; 
Dit a ses qeus qui veult aler 
De main a ses oyseaulx Toler, 
Si les metlront a bien apoint, 
Que de deffault n'y aura poinL 
II s est tresbien matin lev6, 
Car il fait temps tout a son gre ; 
Et quant il ot sa messe oy, 
Trop grandement s'est re:>joy 
D*un faucori on li a donne, 
Duquel se tient tresbien pai^. 
Car il est si bon et si bel, 
Que Ten ne trouverroit iiul tel. 
Si vous vueil deviser la tailie 
De ce faucon royal sans faille 
Veo^ la devise (Tun belfaucotu 
Le faucon est sor et ramage, 
Sain et entier, de gros plumage, 
De large siege bas assis ; 
Plus bel en est a mon devis, 

• Some of Ihe lines in llie upper part of this column are very indiaUnct, a 
few leUers are quite loatj and tlioie wliich are bere put in itaUca ort^ not 
very certaiji. 







Pie de buctor a se me senible, 
LoDgue et bien coulouree cengle, 

Et le talon et le charnier ; 
Le petit doy scet bien croisier ; 
Les ongles noir comme corbeau, 
De quoy il a le pie plus beau; 
Jambe court e et un poy grossette; 
Cuisse de faisant rondelette ; 
Et si a si large ta met. 
Que poy y pert ce qu'il y met; 
Gros bee dont la cire ressamble 
De couleur a la dicte cengle ; 
Grans oarinez, hardi visage, 
A maniere d'aigle sauvage ; 
Grosses espaulez et lone vol; 
Et fait la bosse sur le col ; 
Grosse queue faucoii re vers; 
N'est pas de plura«^e divers. 
Car est de blanchez plumes lees, 
De vermeil apoiiit coulourees; 
Et si Ta nature parti , 
Tellement qu'il est bien parti ; 
N*est pas si grant comme J, gerfaut, 
Mais sachies que petit s*en faut. 
Si a le roy si grant plaisir 
A le regarder et tenir, 
Que je croy qu'il n'est nul avoir 
Que voulsist du faucon avoir. 
Si vous pri que nous regardon, 
Se on devroit donner tel faucon 
Pour ce blanc levrier dcsguise ; 
II dit qu'il a queue de rat, 
Groing de poisson et pie de chat; 
Et ne mentent en ceste chose, 
En ce texte fault avoir glose, 
Car messeant chose seroit 
A tout levrier qui porteroit 
Queue dc rat et pie de chat, 
Ce seroit tresmauves acliat. 
Mais le fauoon qu'ay devise, 
Ne pent estre trop achette, 

Mesmement quant le roy de France, 
II peut prendre si grant plaisance, 
Ora le faucon sur le poing, 
De tel maistre avoit bien besoing; 


Car il sera bien ffouvern^; 
Le roy on cheval est montei 
Si regards ses faucoimiers. 
Qui ont oiseaulz sors et muyers, 
Et de blans en de bis gerfaos, 
Bien out ,xxx. pieccz d'oiseaulx, 
Sy a le roy grant joie eu 
De ce que ilequcz a veu. 
La est le roaistre faucoooier, 
Qui est un geiitil chevalier 
Si vont des oiseaulx devisant 
Le roy et lui et ordinant 
Lesq\iieulx ensemble voleront, 
Et quant les grues trouverontj 
Si voleront de leurs faucons, 
Ou de j. gerfaus qu'il out si bonz, 
Voirs est qui sont a leur devis, 
De rivierez en bon paiz, 
Et de mareche et d'estanceaux^ 
Ou feront voler leurs obeaulx* 
A la riviere son venu, 
Et li blondes et li clianii; 
Mais la route long demoura 
An trait d'un arc ou prez de la, 
Ne nul o soy son cMen meooit, 
Fors trois ou quarire que on tenoit, 
LVn des fauconniers dit au roy, 
Sire, je vous di bien et vray, 
Que j'ay trouve de bons oiseaulx j 
11 bont la pTtJS de ces ruissiaux, 
Ce n'est pas cerf a destourner^ 
Qu*il convient tousdiz doubter. 
Le roy un bien petit soubzrit 
De ce que le fauconnier dit. 
Le maistre fauconnier lenoit 
Un iaucon pui si bien voloit. 
« ♦ # « 







From MS. H&rL 8038^ fol. I, r*, of the flfleentli century. 

Do mon for thisclife, 

Wyl thou art aljrve ; 
For lie that dose after thu dethe, 

God let htm never thrjrve. Quod TiickeL 

Da tuaj diim tua sunt* Post mortem, tunc toa non sunt. 

Wsye mon if thou art, of thi god 

Take part or thou hense wynde ; 

For if lliou leve thi part in thi secaturs ward, 
Thi part non part at last end. 

Too secuturs and an overseere make thre theves. 



Selected from MS. Hale, 73, in the librtaj of Lincoln *0 Inn, of the fifteenth 
and Bute en th cenluriefl. 

Anno m* cccc. xj, Johannes Badhy hereticus erat ignitus, 
qui dixit sacraraentiim altarum noe esse corpus Domini* 

Anno m. cccc. xliiij. Edwardus, filius Henrici sexti, uatus 
erat in festo sancti Edwardi, 

Anno m. cccc. Ixxxiij. Hoc anno Edwardus princeps et 
Ricardus frater ejus pericrunt xxij* die mensis Junii. Iste 
Edvvardus nunquam fuit coronatus, licet regnabat [lost patrem 
suum, ut dictum est| in anno precedenti ij.^mensibus et xviij, 
diebus, et scepelitur apud tunim Londonig?, anno fietatis suae 

Anno m. cccc, Ixxxiiij. Anna Regina obiit veneno urgente. 

Anno m cccc. xcij> Hoc anno, septimo die mertsis No- 
vembris, cccidit de sub firmamento lapis ingens tonitrualis in 
ducatu Austrych, qui ponderabat cc. xl. libros, de quo quidam 
philosophus composuit quadraginta versus. 

Anno m. cccc. xcix. Hoc anno homo quidam nominavit se 
Parky n Warbecke, qui propter rebcUionem suam erat decol- 
latus. Eodem anno dux de Clarence, alias vocatus comes de 
Warwycke, puer eligans, erat occisus in turri de London ia 
xxviij. die Novembris. Sunt quidam aulici qui dicunt istum 
Farkyn non decollatum fuisse, sed suspensum apud Tyburne 


cum magistro suo qui erudebat dictum Parkyn in omnibus 

Wlien qwene Anne was crowoyd, 

Sir John Dygby was beryed. 

A ra. d. iij* and thrytty, 

Was the date of our Lord I say trewly. 



From MS* Sloan. 88, of the Bft^oth centuij. 
A ckurmfor the blodyfl^fxe. 

In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti, amen! Stabat 
Jhesas contra flu men Jordanus et posuit pedem suum et dixit, 
'* Sancta aqua per Deum/* Te conjuro, Longius miles, lacus 
Domim nostri Jeahu Cristi, lancea perforavit et cootinuo exivit 
sanguis et aqua sanguis redenapcionis, aqua baptismatis. In 
nomine Patris, cessit sanguis ! In nomine Filii, recessit san- 
guis* In nomine Spiritus Sancli non exeat sanguis gutta ab 
hoc famulo Dei N,, sicut credimus quod sancta Maria vera 
mater est et verum infantera genuit Christum^ sic retineantur 
veoe rjuara plene sunt sanguine ; sic restat sanguis sicut resticit 
Jordanus quum Christus in eo baptizatus fuerat. In nomine 
Patris et Filii, &c. 

A charme to siaunche bloode, in Englj/scke. 

Jeshu that was in Bedeleme bore, and baptyste in flom Jor- 
den^ and stynle the water on the stone, stynte the blode of this 
man N., thy servaunt, thorou^e the vertu of thy holy name, 
Jeshu, and thy cosen swete seynte John, And say thes charme 
V. tymes with v* ^ater noster, iij, the worssbyppe of the v, 
woundes. ' # 



FVom MS. Douce, 15, and MS, Harl. 029, of tbi? fifteenth centttry 

Pees maketh plenty, 
Plente raakelh pride, 
Pride maketh plee, 
Plee maketh poverty, 
Povert maketh pees. 
And therefore, grace growitb after governaunce* 





Prom MS. Harl, 4294, of the flrteeDtb centniy. 

Man, rt^member tliy end, 
And thou shalt never be shead. 

From MS. Rawl. Oxob. Poet. 32| of tlie fiAcenth eentuff. 

A yong man a rewler, recheles ; 
A olde man a lecho wr, loweles ; 
A pore man a waster, haveles ; 
A riche man a thefe, nedeles ; 
A womnian a rebawde, shameles. 
Thes'v, shalle'never thrif blameles. 

From MS. Harl. 2252p of tlie fifteentb ceutufy. 

He that spendes myche and getythe nowghte. 
And owith myche aud hathe Mowghte, 
And lokys in hys purse and fynde nowghte, 
He may be sory, thowe he seythe nowghte. 

From MS^ Hart. 116| of ilie fifteenth centuiy. 

He that hath a good neyghboure hath a good raorowe ; 
He that hath a schrewyd wyfe hath much sorowe; 
He that fast spendyth must nede borowe ; 
But whan he schal paye a^en, then ys al the sorowe, 

Kype and save, and thou schalle have ; 
Frest and leve^ and thou schall crave ; 
Walow and wast^ and thou schaOe want. 

I made of my frend my foo, 
I will beware I do no more soo. 


From a manuicript in m private libraryj of the time of Qaeen Ellzabetli. 

I have heard a merie report. Shipper of sundry nations 
lying in a harbour in faire weather, the yong mariners were 
climing and shewing feates of activitie, one of one nation \x^ 
outbragge the other. At length a nimble yoncker gettethe him 
to the very toppe of the formaste, and raysing himselfe bolt 
uprighte, turned round upon his foote without any staye, chal- 
endging his antagonist, or any of the nation to do the like. 
His antagonist presentley undertaketh the chalendge, but hav- 
inge turned scarse halfe about, fell downe* and (tis God w^ould) 
in his tumbling by good hap caught hold of the shroAvdes; and 
as soone as ever he had a little recovered his spirits, being 


halfe dead for feare, yet set a boulde coimtenance on the matter ; 
and he also agayne with a loude voyce dared his advcrsarie or 
any other of that nation to doe the like ; as though that which 
befell him by his errour, he had done of verey purpose. 



From MS* Arimd. 26, fol. 55, v*. 

The Sommacion of the a/tie of Terevan, made the xxv* day 
qfJune the v^^' yere of our saverain lard king Hejiry the eiyki, 
to the captain and the inhabiiantz of the sayd cytie, by Blew- 
mantell Pursevaunt, 

My lordys and other the inhabitantz of this cytie, my lord 
the heutenant-general of the forewarde and army of the right 
high, right mighty, and most excellent prince the king of 
Fratince and of Englond, my soverain lord heyng here bye 
hathe commaundyd me to somon you to yelde op this thys toune 
that ye holde, and that within xxiiij. howres after this my 
summacion; and yf ye so do, ye schal have your liffs and goods 
savyd; and in case that ye refuse soo to do, and yfT he take 
hit by stronge hande and armye, he shall do all to be put to fyre 
and blode, and upon that take avisement. And I desyre you 
to make me an aunswere of youre wille and intencyon as touch- 
ing the same. 

The capitaneys names of the sayd cytie of Terevan, 

The Lord Pont Deremy , capeteyn generall, | 
The Seneshall of Rouvergne. f M**iiij. m* 

The Lord of Sargiis. | sawdiers. 

The Lord of Bournoville, } 



From a maniiflcript written in the year 1511, In the poMetsion of d W* 
Lodcombei Esq. 

To make good gome for ynke» 
Take the whyte of oxeyron and make clere gleyr therof, and 
take the bladder of an'oxe, a cnwe, or a swyne, that ys new, 
and put theryn all the gleyre, and knett fast the bladder, and 
hang hyt yn the sone, or yn the smoke, xl. dayes; then hast 
thou good gome to serve for all maner enkys and for bokys. 


To make texie ynke. 

Take ij. unces of grene ritriolej and cast hym together yn a 
quarte of stand> ng rayne water, and lett yt rest iiij. dayes, 
and then take lij* imces of gome, and put therto, and iett yt 
Btond iij* dayes together and rest, and thru thou hast good ynke 
for texte letter- 
To make gome water* 

Take a vessell with water and do yn gome, and lett yt stond 
tyll hy t be all lyquyde, and yf thou have a quarte water, take 
a quarte of gome, and then slraye y t thorow a clothe, and then 
put yn a glas and kepe ytt, 
"^ ' "" HUL 


From M3. HorL 941, of the fifteenth century. 

T%y^ treiis teas made at O^j^nforde be the New Kalejidere 
and proved in all the Universyttf. 

The xij. day of December ys the shortest day of the yere, 
for the son aryseth a quarter of an owre after viij. and goth 
downe iij, quarters after iij., and so that day ys vij, owres and 
a halfe longe, fro the son arysse tyl the son goe downe, 

Fowre wekes and vj, dayes after the foresayd xij. dayes, the 
day encresyth an owre. And so the xv, day of Januare, the 
8on aryseth iij. quarteres off an owre after vij., and goth downe 
a quartere after iiij. And so the xv, day is viij, owres and 
half long. 

Two wekes and iij, dayes after the forsayd xv, days, the 
day encresyth an owre. And so the fyrst day of Februare, the 
Bon aryseth a quartere after vjj,, and goth downe iij, quarteres 
after iiij. And so that forsayd day ys ix. owres and halfe long. 

Two wekes and ij* days after the forsayd iyrst day, the son 
encresyth an owre. And so the xvij. day of Februare the son 
aryseth iij. quarteres after vj,, and so thexvij, day ys x. owree 
and half longe. 

Two wekes and on day after the forsaid xxij, day, the day 
encresyth an owre ; and so the foort day of Marche, the son 
arysyth a quartere after vj. and goth downe iij. quarteres after 
V,, and so the fourt day ys xj, owres and half longe. 

Saynt Gorgys day ys the xij* day of the monyth ; the son 
aryseth at vj, and gooth downe at vj,, and so the day ys xij. 
owres longe. 



Two wekes and a day after the forsayd iiij. day, the day 

enkresyth an owre. And so the xix, day of marche, the son 
aryseth iij. quarteres after v., and goth down a quarter after 
vj. And so the xix. day ys xij. owres longe and half* 

Two wekes and ij. dayes after the forsayd thrydde, day the 
day enkreseth an owre ; and so the xix. day of April, the sonne 
aryseth iij. quarteres after iiij., and gooth downe a quartere 
after vij. And so the xix, day ys xiiij. owres longe and half, 
fro son to son. 

Two w^ekes and iiij. daes after the sayd xix. day, the day 
enkreseth an owre. And so the vij. day of May, the son arysetn 
a quarter after iiij., and goeth downe iij, quarteres after vij., 
and so the vij. day ys xv. owres longe and half. 

Five wekes and j. days after the forsayd sevynt day, the 
day enkreseth an owre ; and so the tw^elf day of June, the son 
aryseth iij. quarteres after iij., and goth downe a quartere after 
viij*, and so the xij. day of June ys the longyst in the yere, 
for he ys xvj. owres and halfe ionge. 

Thre wekes and v. daes after the xij* day of June, the day 
decreseth half an owre ; and so the viij. day of July, the son 
aryseth att iiij. and goth downe at viij., and so ye viij. day of 
July ys xvj* owres longe. 

Two wekes and iij. dayes after the forsayd xix, daes, the 
day decreseth an owre ; and so the \'j. day of August, the son 
arysyth iij. quarteres after iiij,, and goth down a quartere after 
vij., and so the vj. day ys xiiij. owres longe and half* 

Two wekes and on day after the forsayd vj. day, the day 
decreseth an owre ; and so the xix. day of August, the son 
aryseth a quartere after v., and goth downe iij, quarteres after 
yj. And so the xxj, day of August ys xiij. owres and half 

Two wekes and ij. daes after the forsayd xxj. day, the day 
decreseth an owre, and so the vj. day of September, the son 
arj^seth iij, quarteres after v., and goth down a quartere after 
vj. And so the vj. day ys xij, owres and half long. 

The holi-rode day ys the xiiij, day. The son ariseth at vj,, 
and goeth downe at vj. 

Two wekes and a day after the forsayd vj* day of September, 
the day dekreseth an owre; and so the xvj, day of September, 
the son aryseth a quartere aftere vj. and goth down iij. quarteres 
aftre v. And so the xxj. day ys xj. oures and hall longe. 

Two wekes and a day atter the forsayd xxj, day, the day 
decresiih an oure ; and so the vj. day of October, the son ary- 
seth iij, quarteres aftere v,, and gotn down iij quarteres after 
iiij. And so the vj. day ys x. owres and halt longe. 


Two wekes and ij. days after the forsayd xxj. day, the day 
decreseth an owtc ; and so the viij. day of November, the son 
atyseth iij* quartere«i after vij,, and goth down a quarter after 
iij* And so the viij. day ys viij. oure and half longe, 

FoT-vre weke and v, daVe after the forsayd viij, daes, the 
day decreseth an oure ; and so the xij. day of December ys the 
shortest day in the yere, for the son arvseth a quartere aft^r 
viij., and goth downe iij. quartered after* iij. And so that day 
ys vij. oures and half longe, 





Wg hiive been leiirourad hy Mr, George Burigei, witli an original venloQ 
of lliift fable IVom a MS. of the tbirteeath century, In Ihe British Museum* 
The principal peculiarity of the present version i», that it \m ■ tated in wbat 
manner Ihe two mite became acquain(ecl. Mr. Burgea U inclined to think 
tbatit is tak«n from a much older copy » and agreed closely with the ortgioal 
Greek, although it would appear that Horacei when he put this fable into 
lifttln bexamcterflj could not huTe bad the use of one so p<;rfcct as tbe pre^ 
tent. We take the opportunity of expressiui; a hope that Mr- Burgea will 
some day present Co tbe teamed world the result of his researches on JBsop's 
Fables, the extent atid value of which have long been known in literftrj 

[MS, Bib. Reg. 16 A. tU.] 

Mus quidam de villa sua in qua natas et educatus fait, 
ad aliam transire voluit, Movit igitur iter facili pede; sed 
ionga via fessusad nemus forte pervenit, et dum procedere non 
posset, sub arbore resedit anxius, quia nee ire potuit, nee, quor- 
sum ire debuit scivit, Dum ergo sedens sic solUcitus, viso 
forte parvo foramine in arboris radice, illuc subintravit, se- 
curam ibi nocteni cupiens ducere. Erat aulem in illo mus 
silvestris habitator et hospes ; qui murem peregrtnuni statina 
salutavit et benigne euui suscepit. Ille ergo de generis socio 
gavisus cum eo resedit, et de substantia sua et vita interrogare 
cepit, et si quid boni sibi facere posset, inquisivit. Cui mus 
nemoris respondit, omnibus se habundare dicens, quBB muribus 
possunt esse necessaria ; libenter vellet eum tenere secuin, 
quamdiu velit, et, si hyemare velit, ibi tola familia sibi prae- 
beret obsequium ; et dixit se tria sextaria victum aliuoi {sk) 
contraxisse ad hyemen, unum boni ordei, aliud nucts, tertium 
glandis et aqua; copiam, Placuit igitur fesso muri inventa 


hiimanitas, placuit sibi etiara invenla societas, et oblaf tira com- 
modum acceptavit. Contigit autcra ut ipse uno die de foraminis 
ang:ustia querulosus fieri » et cibaria minus saporosa diceret. 
Cui, cum sic loqueretur, alter in us benigne rcspondit et ait; — 
** Iste cibus roihi bonus videturet sapidus, sed hoc facitusus;** 
at ait mus urbanus, *'si villam mecum adire velleset mea gus- 
tare cibaria^ ai fallor, nuiiquam amplius ad ista redire curabis. 
Et mus nemoris dixit, *' placet utique vobiscum vadere, et 
videam bona vestra, qu^e, si talia sunt ut dicitis, ad ista redire 
non curabo." Summo igltur mane facto viam aggressi sunt, et 
in meridie ad villam venerunt, Mus igltur ille precursor viara 
ducit; habuit ad horrea, ad molendinum, ad cellaria,adgranaria; 
et ait illi, " H^c omnia ad me spectant, et aperta sunt nostra? 
voluntatis et quserit ab eo quid sibi de islis videatur, etqiialiter 
placeant sibi, respectu illorum quae sunt in nemore :" et ille 
respondii, millam esse comparationem istorura ad ilia : his itaqne 
factisj in granario hospilinm locaverunt et pinguia fecerunt 
convivia, Mus ergo ruris in ferculis dclectatus, per Telum 
juravit et superos se nolle plus redire ad nemus et ad macram 
nemoris dietam. Itaque cum sic epulantur et gaudent, contigit 
dominum domus adesse, et, reserato granario, intrare. Cujus 
ad introitura, facta est confusio labiorum et mures fugere vide* 
res* Mus ergo extraneus, angulorum ignarus quo fugeret, vel 
ubi lateret non invenit ; novissime vero tota domo pererrato^ 
in rimulam se contraxit aogustam* Post moram autem, viro 
regresso, mores ad epulas redierunt et ad tabukvs, Sed hospes 
adhuc trepidus tristis sedit, et sine verbo. Cui mus domus 
ait, " quare sodaKs, curita sedes ad prandia tristis, et turbaris.*' 
Ille respond! t, '* quia mihi cum cibis et gaudio» cum jam mors 
sit in hostio." Et aliter dixit, *' Quomodo ergo ita cito est mu- 
tatus tuus animus, qui prius bona villge tantum commendasti :*' 
at ille respondit, *' Vos vestra bona mooslrastis mihi et mala 
insinuare noluistis, unde et ego secure putavi vixisse, Sed modo 
video pericula vestra et multiplices malorum causas homines 
esse, et laqueos timere debetis, et mustelam hostem habetis; 
catti quoque proecipue cavendse sunt insidite quae vce vobis si 
in man us incident is. Sit ergo bona vestra vobis simul et mala 
habere, quae natura concessit, mihi vero commoda multa dedit 
natura nee magna mala contulit ; unde si raihi foramen meum 
redditur vobis vestra granaria in perpetuum relinquo. Melior 
est paupertas quieta et libera, quam periculosse divitiee et 
mavis gloria. 






From MS. Cotloo. Cleop. B. it., of iht fifteenth eenttirj* Thii cnriovs 
IK>em wms kindly pointed aot to ui by John Bitiee, Esq. 

Of these frer mynoure me thenkes moch wonder, 

That waxen are thus hauteyn, that somtyme weren under; 

Amofiges men of holy chirch, thai maken mochel blonder; 

Noa he that syees us above, make ham sone to sender ! 
With an I /and an O. thai pray sen not Seynt Poule, 
Thai lyen on Se^Ti Fraunceys by my fader aoule ! 

First thai gahbeii on God that alle men may se. 
When thai ha n gen him on hegb on a grene tre. 
With leves and with blossemes that bright are of ble, 
That waa never Goddes son by my lente. 

With an 0. and an I, men weven that thai wede» 
To carpe so of clergy, thai cannot tliair cred. 

Thai have done him on a croys fer up in the skye. 
And festned on him wyenges as he shuld flie, 
This fals feyned byleve shal thai soure bye, 
On that lovelych lord, so for to lye. 

With an d. and an I. one savd ful f^tille, 
Armachan distroy ham, if it is Goddes wille. 

Ther comes one out of the skye in a grey goun, 

Ab it were an hoghyerd hyand to toun. 

Thai have mo Goddes than we, I say by Mahoun, 

Alle men under ham, that ever beres croun. 

With an 0. and an I. why shuld thai not be shent, 
Ther wantes ooght bot a fyre that thai nere alle brent. 

Went I forther on my way in that same tyde, 
Ther 1 sawe a frere blede in my ddes of his syde, 
Bothe in hondes and in fete had he woundes wyde. 
To serve to that same frer, the Pope mot abyde. 
With an 0, and an I., I wonder of Lhes dedes. 
To se a pope holde a dische why! the frer bledes, 

A cart was made al of fyre, as it shuld be, 

A grey frer I sawe therinne, that best lyked me ; 

Wele I wote thai shall be brent by my leautd, 

God graurit me that grace that I may it se. 
With an O. or an I. brent be thai alle, 
And alle that helpes therto faire mot byfalle* 


Thai preche alle of povert, bot that love thai noghl, 
For gode mele to thair mouthe the toun is thurgh soght, 
Wyde are thair wonnyn^es and wonderfully wroght, 
Mutdre and horehame ful derc has it boght. 

With an 0. aiid an I , For sexe pens er thai fkyle, 

Sle tlii fadre and jape thi modje, and thai wy 1 the assaile. 



The following early version or the two ftr«i vtanzcs of this popular toiif j« 

taken from Sandcrson'i Diary in the Britidti Mu«euJDj US. Lanid* 241^ 
ibL 49. See Chappdl's Natioaal Aitw. 

What if a day or a night or an ower, 

Crowne thy desires mth a thowsand night contentinges, 
Cannott the chaun^e of a night or an ho wre, 

Crosiiie thy delights witli a thowsand sad tormentinges ? 
Fortune, honore, bewtie, youth ar but blossoms dienge ; 
Wanton pleasure, dotioge love, ar but shadowes ftieuge : 
All OUT joyes are but toyes, idle thoughts dream i nge; 
None hath power of one hower in thier lives bereavioge. 

Earth is tut a poynt to the woiirldj and a man 
Is but a poynt to the wourldes compared center; 

Shale then a poynt of a poynt be so \*aine. 
As to triuraph in a silly poyntes adventure T 

All is bayard that we have, thcr is nothii>ge bidinge j 

Dayes of pleasure ar like streams tliroughe faire u>edowes glid- 

Weale or woe, time doth goe, in time no retorninge, 
Secrete fates guyde our statesi both in rairth and motirninge. 



From MS. Cotton. V««pu, A. xxv. 

After droght commyth rayne ; 
After plesur commethe payne; 

But j^et it contynyth nyt so. 
For after rayne, 
Commyth drought agayne, 

And joye after payne and woo. 



Ffom MS* Sloan. 4^ a volume of medical collectanea of the fifteentb 
cientur)'! by William Wyrcettre. 

For to take alle maner of byrdys. Take whete or other 
come, and take juse of dwale and menche the come theryn; 
and ley yt ilier the byrdes hawnteii, and wher they have eten 
therof, they shalle slepe that ye may take them with youre 

Por to take fyscke with thy handys.—Tdike groundis walle 
thatys senchion, and hold yt jn thi handes, yn the water, and 
alle lysche wylle gaddar theretoo. 

For to melt steylL — Take coporose and salt-peter and put 
yn a styllatory of glasse, and stoppe the glasse that the eyre 
go not owt ; and the fyrst water ys nowght, bat the second ys 
good and wyll melt steyll, I warrant yow. 

Agim vit^ secundum fratein Johannem Wellys, ordinis mi" 
norum convenius Bryggewater, — Recipe herbam vocam warmot, 
the tcndemesse of bay trees, radyshe Tedesenel!e,merch cerfoyle, 
fiowthernwod rewe an hanfulle, pyllyole ryalle, mawron cala- 
mynt, redemyntes, pullyoMe monteyn, mousehere, ocabyons. 
I jyche moche an hanfulle and a half ly vem^ort may den here. 
Y lyche moche ij. hanfulle soulhthyfelle, iij/haiidfulle herty- 
strong, &c. 

There he hut ij. metallys and v, colours yn all blasyng of 
armes, that ys to say ; sylver and gold metalles ; sabylls, aser, 
gowles, synaper, and vertecolers. 

Is thy pott enty, Colelent 1 Is gote eate yvy. 
Mare eate ootys. Is thy cockelyke owrs ? 




From MS. Cotton* Vcspaf* A. xxv., oflbe time of Henry the eighth* 

Fyll the cuppe, Phylype, and let us drynke a drame 

ns or twyse abowle the hovvse, and leave where we began. 

1 drynke to yow, sweteharte, soo muche as here is in, 
Desyeringe yow to foUowe me and doo as I begin. 

And yf yow wille not pledge, 

Yoiv shalle here the blame ; 
I dr^iike to yow with all my harte, 

\ f yow will pledge me the c>ame. 





From the *^ Academy of Coroplimenta/' Hmo. Lond* 1671. We insert it 
here ai a modem ?eraion of a aimllar burlesque prinled at p. 250. 

Take nine pound of thunder, six legs of a swan, 

ThD wool of a frog, 

The juice of a log, 

Well parboird together in the skin of a hog. 

With the egg of a moon-calf, if get it you can. 

The love of false harlots, 

The faith of false varlets, 

With the truth of decoys, that walk in their scarlets^ 

And the feathers of a lobster well fry*d in a pan; 

Nine drops of rain, 

Brought hither from Spain, 

With the blast of a bellows quite over the main; 

With eight quarts of brimston, brew*d in a beer can ; 

Six pottles of lard, 

Squeezed from a rock bard. 

With nine turkey eggs, each as long as a yard ; 

With a pudding of hail stones well bak*d in a pa 

These medicines are good. 

And approved have stood. 

Well tempered together with a pottle of blood, 

Squeez'd from a grasshopper and the nail of a swan. 




From MS, Ad dit 10100, of the flaeentli eejitory. 

Wyne of natur propnrtees bath nyne, 

Comfortithe courage and clarifiethe sights, 

Gladith the hert, licoiir moost dyvyne ! 

Hehthe the storaake of his naturelle mygbte. 

Licour of licours! at festcs makithe men lighte, 
Clensithe woomles, engendrithe gentil blode, 

Scowrithe the palet and leble heedis makithe wode, 



From MS* Bib. R^g. 12 B, I* foh 160, in the haDd writing of Ben Jontoo. 

Melancholy. To the tune of the ladies\falL 

Aiack ! my very heart could bleed, 

With sorrow for thy sake, 
For sure a raore undoubted knight. 

Mischance did never take. 

Mirth. To the tune of Salming'n round. 

There was a mad lad had an acre of ground. 

And hee sold itt for five pounds; 
Hee went to the laverne and drank itt all out. 
Unless itt were one halfe-crowne. 

And as he went thence^ 
Hee meti with a wench, 

And ask't her if she were willing, 
To go to the taverne, 
And spend eighteene pence^ 

And kiss for the t'other odd shilling. 



From MS. HarL 2262, fol. 84, V, of the time of Henry VIII. 

There was a merchaunt of Ynglond whyche awenturyd 

unto ferre centres. When he had byn a monyth or more, there 
dwellyd a grete brde of thateoiitre whyche badd this Englysse 
raerchaunte to dener. And when they were at dyner, the lord 
bad hym prophesyas or nivche good do hyt hym, and he sayd 
he mervaylyd that be ete no better hys mete- And he sayd 
that Englysshemcn ar callyd the grettyste fedours in the 
worlde, and one man wolde ete more tlien vj, of another 
nacyoun, and ranre vetelles spend then in ony regioun. And 
then the Englysshe inerchaunte anssweryd and sayd to the 
lorde that hyt was so, and for iij. reasonable cawsys that they 
were servyd with grete plenty of veteyll ; one was for love, 
another for phesyke, and the thyrde for drede. Syr, as 
towchyn for hive, we use to have mony dyvers metys lor owi 
frendes and kynnesfolke, some lovythe one maner of mete and 


some another, becawse every man shulde be contente. The 
second cawse ys for phesyke, for dyvers maladyes that men 
have some wyll ete one mete and some another, because 
every man shold be pleasyd. The thyrde cause is for drede ; 
we have so grete abowndance and plente in ower realme, yf 
that we shulde not kyll and dystroye them, they wolde dystroy 
and devoure us, bothe beste and fowles. 



•« - ^^^U Printer, 

12, Fulwood'i Rtots, Holboiii. 








THOMAS WRIGHT. Esq. M. A., F. S. A., 



Secretary of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 





In concluding the present work, the Editors take again the 
opportunity of thanking both the contributors who have en- 
abled them to enrich the collection with many curious pieces 
which could not otherwise have been obtained, and the sub- 
scribers who have encouraged them to proceed. They feel 
confident that these two volumes of short miscellaneous docu- 
ments %viU be found of use to future philologists, and to all who 
take an interest in the history of our language and literature. 
The publication was begun in the consciousness that many 
of the most valuable materials of this description, illustrations 
of words, traits of manners, facts of different kinds, lay scattered 
among those short scraps on the margins and spare leaves of 
manuscripts which had been neglected, chiefly because there 
was no previous publication in which they could be conveniently 
inserted. The present work has not been discontinued on 
account of dearth of materials, but because it was thought 
that a large work is often felt by the purchaser as an evil, and 
that if the design should be taken up again, it will have better 
success when published as a new series or as a new work. 

To the list of contributors mentioned in the preface of the 
first volume, we have to add the names of David Laing, Esq. 
of Edinburgh, J, Gough Nichols, Esq., Dr* Endlicher of Vienna, 
and MM, Paulin Paris and D'Avezac of Paris. The Editors 


have felt it their duty to dedicate their volumes to two gentle- 
men whose names will be long remembered in connection with 
the history and literature of England in the Old Time. Sir 
Thomas Phillipps, who has permitted his name to be placed 
at the head of our first volume, has sought distinction in the 
same honourable manner as the Cottons and Harleys of former 
days, and has collected together the most precious and exten- 
sive private library of ancient manuscripts that exists in our 
days, and we may add that no possessor of such treasures has 
ever been more liberal in allowing them to be used by scholars. 
Mr. Purton Cooper, who has with equal condescension allowed 
us to dedicate to him this second volume, merits the warmest 
gratitude of all lovers of our ancient literature as well as of the 
general historian, for the active and enlightened zeal with which, 
while managing secretar}* of the late Record Commission, he 
caused the libraries of the continent to be explored in search 
of the numerous documents which had been carried from our 
island during the revolutions of the sixteenth century, where- 
by he has dragged from oblivion some of the most valuable 
monuments of the Anglo-Saxon language. 

May, 1843. 









At p. 65 of our first volume, we have already given a lotig extract froiu tlili 
work. For the sake of exIiibUmg the differences of the Tnnguage, we now 
give spectmenfl from tlie otlier two niiuiiiscripts* 

I. From MS. Cotton. Cleopntm C. VI. oftlic beginning of tlie thirteenth 


Of Greek Fire,fal 186, r*. 

Grickbch fur is i-maked of read monnes blod ; j |iet ne mei 
nan |?ing butc migge, sont, "j eisil, as me seiS, acwenchen. 
J>is Grickisch fur is ]?e luve Jheau ure taverd, -} ge hit schule 
makien of )>e reade moniie blod, f is Jhesu Crist i-readet mid 
his acbne blod on )?e deore rode, '^ wes in read cundcliche, as 
me weneiS, )?is blod for ou i-sched upon ]>e arre twa treon schal 
maken ow sarraptaines, f is oiicende, niid |>is Grickische fur, 
f as Salomon sei"5, nane wattres,^ beo5 worldlidic tribulaciuns, 
Dane temptaciuns nou5er inre ne ultere, ne muclione )jis luve 
acwenchen. Nu nis |?enne on ende, bute witen ow warliche 
wis al -p hit acwencheS, f beoS inigge 3 sotjt j cLsil^ as ich 
seide. Migge is stench of sunne. On sond ne growe^ na god, 
"} bitacneS idele dedis, -) acwencheS |ms fur. SturieSi ow 
cwiclichc in gode werkes, ^ f schal heaten ow, -} ontendi* |>is 
fur agnari ]>e hriine of sunne. For akwa as J?e an neil drivel 
ut ye o5er, uUe |ie brune of Codes luve drive 5> )?e brune of ful 
luve ut of |>e heorte. 

Of the iobriety and marks nf the Kuhm^ fuL 190, r*. 

Ge ne schulen eoten flesch ne saira bule i muche sccneise, 
oSer hwase is over feble. Pol age eoteS bliSeliche, 7 wunielS 
on to lute drunh. Nodele^ower mete 3 ower drunh havelS 
i-|>ucht me ofte leise )?emie ic walde. Ne fcste ge nan dei to 
bred -J to water bute ge habbe leave. Sum ancre make hire 
bord wi-S hire gest utewiS, f is to rauche freontschipe, for of 

VOL* 11. B 


alia ordres t^etme is bit uncumelukest *] mest agein ancre ordre, 
^ is al deaa to |?e world. 3Ie haveS i-herd ofte f deade speke 
with cwike* ah -^ ha eteii \ri$ cuike ne fond ich jet nearer* 
Ne inaJie ^e iiane ge<;tniijgeSi ne ne tuUe ge to |?e gefe nane 
uiicude harloF,, )mch |>er nerc nan o^Ser uvel bute hare med- 
la^^eschipt*, hit walde lt*tten o^er hwUe heovenliche Jwchtes, 
Ne limpeS naut to ancren of crSer inonjie almesse to makea 
hire large, Nolde me lachgen an beggere to bismare^ )?e laSede • 
men to fe-^te, Marie *) MadSe ba were sustren, ach hare \[f 
sundre^; ge ancren beoS i-numenow to Marie dale he God seolf 
herede, Maria opiijnam partem, efc. Marthe, Marthe^ quod 
he, |>u art in muche baret ; Marie haveS i-core bel» -) ne schal 
hire nawicht reowen hire dale: husewifschipe is Marthe dale, 
Marie dalf^ is stilneise 3 reste of alle worldes noise, f nan )>lng 
ne lette hire to heren Godes stevene. 7 loke hvvat God seid, 
f nan ying ne schal ow reave ji^is dale, Marthe haveS hire i 
niester, leoteS hire i-wurSen. ge sittcn wiS Marie stan stille ed ' 
Godes fet 'y hercneS him ane. Marthe raeasler is to fede 
povre "3 schruden as hus lefdi, Marie nach naut to antermet*- 
ten hire hrof, gef ei blameS hire |?rof, God seolf ich wer were* 
hire, as Hali Writ witne^. On o5er half nan ancre noch ne- 
me bute gnedeliche f hire to neode15. Hwer of )?enne mei 
ha niaken hire large I ha schal libben hi aimesse ase naru- . 
licho as ha eaver mei, ^ naut gedercn for te ^covenne. Ha ] 
nis nan hu^ewii', ach is an chirche ancre. Gef ha mei ^pnrieii 
ani povre schraden, sende ham al dcarneliche ut of hire wanes; 
under semblant of god is ofte i-huled sunne. -} hu ^lile 
)>eos riche ancres |je tilie^ o5er habbeS rentes i-sette, don to 
povre necheburs dearneliche hire aJmes? Ne wilm naut ta ' 
habbe word of an large ancre » ne for to geone muchel ne beo 
nan ]fe gredure for to habbe mare, Beo gredineise rote of 
hire Ijitterneise, alle beo^ J>e liowes bittere *)? of hire spruted. 
Bidden hit for to geoven, hit nls naut ancre nchte; of ancre 
curteisie, of ancre largescc is i-cumen ofte sunne •) scheome on 
endc Wiminen "] children f beo^ i-swunken for ow, |)ach ge 
sparien hit on ow, nmkc ham to eotene. Na mon bute he 
habbe neode ne laSe ge to drinken. Nawicht ne girne ich ^ 
nie telle ow, hende ancren. Edgode freont, neome^ al f ow 
con to doS, hwen ha beodeS hit ow, for nau bode ne neome ge 
naut wiSute nede, f ge ne kecche )>e nome of gederindc an- 
cren. Of mon f ge misleveJS, nouSer ne neome ge lesse ne 
mare, naut swa muche f> beo an rote of gingivre, Muche neode 
schal driven ow for to biddpo ei Jiing, )>ach edmodliche scbawiti 
to owre leovesto freont outhcr meoseise. 

Ge, niine b^ovoeuslren, ne schule ge habben nan beast bute 
cat ane. Ancre ]>e haveS achte, )?unche8 betere husewif «s 



Marthe wes* for nanes weis tie mei ha bean Marie wi?S grifi- 
fulneise of heorte, for )jenne mot ba }?enchen of }?c cuwes foddre, 
of heordeiwenne bare, eldi ni \>o haiwart, waritm hwen he wunt 
hire, *} gelde j^ach ))e barmes. LadlicliJ^Jiig is wat Cmt hwen 
me make iHriine man of ancres achte* Nu |;rach gef ani met 
ne duDge habben bit, loke f hit na mon ne eili ne ne harmi, ne 
^ hire ]?ocht ne beo nai;\dcht |>ron i-vestned. Ancre ne ach to 
nabben nan ping -p utwart drage hire heorte* 

Na cheffere ne drive ge ancre* *|5 is chepilt, ba cheapeS hire 
saule to ye chepmon of belle. Naut ne wite in ouvver hus of 
o-^er monne }?inges, ne* achte ne claSes. Of swich witung is 
luucbel uvel i-lumpen ofte srSen. InwiS ower wanes ne lete 
ge nan mon slepen. Gef muche neod mid alle make breoken 
ower hus, h\v il hit eaver is i-broken babbe-^ j^rinne "wvh o\v an 
wunmion of cleane lif, deies ^ nicbtes. For-)?i far nan monne 
si§ ow ne ge him, \ve\ mei don of ouwer claS, beo hit hwit beo 
hit blac, bute bit beo unorne, warm -3 wel i-wracht, felles wel 
i-tauwet, "^ habbeS ase monie as ow to neode^ to Uedde ^ to 
rugge* Nest flescb ne schal nan werien nan hnnene, bute hit 
beo of harde -j greate heorden* Stainin habbe hwase wale ^ 
hwase wule buten. Ge schulen i nan better "j i-gurd liggen. 
Ne beore nan iren ne here, ne yle^pilos fcUes, ne ne beate hire 
|?er-wi5 ne wi6 scurge i*leadet, wi5 lioline ne wi5 breres ne 
biblodegi hira seolf, wi'Sute schriftes leave, Ne neome cd 
eanes to feole disciplines, Ower scheon beon greate ^ warme. 
In sumer ge habbeS leave barfot gan j sitten. Hoscn witSuten 
nampeS ligge in hw^se wule. Sura wummen i-noch raSe wereS 
|?e brech of here fulwel i-cnoltod j>e strapeles dun to )?e fet i- 
laced fill ne§te, Gef ge muchil VieoS wimpelles, beo^S bi warme 
cappen, ■] l^ruppon blake veilles. Hwase wule beon i-segen, 
bach ha atifi hire nis nnn muche w under, ach to Codes echnen 
ha is lufsumere |?e is for )ie luve of him untiffet wiSuten. Ring 
ne broche nabbe ge ne gurdel i-membred, ne gloven ne nan 
swich J>ing f ow ne i-bur^ to habben 

Eaver me is leovre, se ge don grattere werkf'>i ne make ge 
nane purses for to freonden ow wvh, ne blod bindon of seolc, 
ach schapeS ^ seoweS -} mande'S chirche claSes *] povre menne 
hetlren. Nan ]7ing ne schule ge geven wi^uten schrifies leave. 
Hiwe-JS wi^ ower achne swinch se foriS se ge muchgen, lo schru- 
ten ow seolven, ^ ]?eo f ow ser^xS, as seint Jeron*u learefi. Ne 
beo ge neaver idel, for anan richtes )7e feont boot hire his were 
be in Godes were ne swinkt^^, ^ tuteleJS anan towart hire ; for 
hwil he si^ hire bisi, he );cnche5 jms, *for naut ich schulde 
cumen nu nech hirci nemei ha naut i-geinen to lustin min larc/ 
Of idelneise awakened nmcbel desches fondunge, Iniquiias 
Sodomee saturitas panis ei otium, f is, Sodomes cwedschipe 


com of idelnesse j of ful wombe. Iren f li^ stille gedereS 
rouche rust; water f ne sture^ naut readiliche stinkeiS. 

II* From MS. Cotton. Tilut, D. xviii, written early in Ihc iliuiociilh 


Domistic manner* t^the Nuna./oL 103^ r*, 

Ancre ne fichal nawt for-wiir^e scole-meister, ne lumen an- 
cres hus to childrene scole. Ge ne schulen senden lettres, ne 
under fon lettres, ne writen,bute leave. Ge schulen beo i-dmlded 
ibe ger fiftene silSe, ^ fowr si^ i-leten blod, ^ oftre gtf iied is. 
Hwase mai wel beo wi^uten, ich hit mai |?olien. H wen ge arn 
i-leten blod, ge ne scbulen do frco daies na |?ing f ow greves, 
ah talkes to osvre servanz, *} wiS beawfiile tales schurtes ow to 
gederes!. Ge muhcn swa don ofte, hwen ow l>unches hevie, o^er 
am for sum worlJliche ]>ing sari oSer seke. Swawisliche wites 
ow in owre bbxl letinge, ^ haUles ow i swuch rest, f ge longe 
brafter muhen i Codes servise be nionluker swinken. And alswa 
nwen ge felen aiii secne^se, Muchesotschipe liit is to lose for 
an dai, tene o^er twelve* Wasches ow hwerse ned is as ofte 
as ge wiln* Anker f naves nawt neh bond hire fode, beos 
hm twa W'immen, an f leave eaver at hame, an oiJer f wende 
ut hwen ned drives, and tat beo ful unome o^er feir ealde. Bi 
J>e w^ei as ho ga*=?, ga seiende hire beodes, ni ne halde na tale 
wis mx>n ne wi5 wummoni ni sitte ne stonde bute ye leaste f 
Ito mei ear J^en ho ham cume. Nohwider elles ne ga, bute 
jyidcr as mon pendcpv hire, Wi^ule leave ne ete ho ne ne drinke 
ute. ^c o^er beo eaver inne, nc ^\ itiuie pe gate ne ga wi'^ute 
leave. Ba^e beo obedient to here dame in alle )>ing bute in 
sunne ane, Na ^>ing nalvben ^ ho hit nute, ni uuderfo na ]>mg^ 
ne ne give nowSer wi^uten hire leve. Na mon ne leten in 
ni ])e gungre ne speke wi^ na weproon witiute leve. Ne ga 
noht ut of tune wibuten siker fere ne ne ligge iite* Gif ho ne 
von boke, segge bi patemostres -3 bi avez hire hures, -y wurche 
'p mon bides hire wiSule gracchinge. Habbe eaver hire eares 
npene toward hire lafdi* NowSerof |>e famihers ne beo fram liirc 
lafdi ni ni bringe no\i^er to hire idele tales, ne newe ti^inges, 
ne bitweiien ham self ne singen, ni ne spoken nane worldliche 
speches, ne lalihen swa nc pleien-p ani mon^ hit sohe mihte ia 
uvel turnen hit. Over alle |>inge leasinges -y luSere wordes 
hatien. Hnre her beo i-eorven. Lah lokingc liabben, Ei^er 
ligge ane. Ho ne schulecusse na mon, ne cu'^ mon nc cunnes 
mojif ni for na cu?$e cluppen. Ni loke faste o na mon ne 
toggle wis ne pleien. Hare wede beo of swuch schape^ ^ al 
hore alum swncb, f hit beo eSscene hwer to ho beon i-turnde. 
Hare lates loken warlirhe, f nan ne edwite ham in hiis, ne ut of 
hus* On alle wise forbeoren to wradSen hore dame, and as ofto 


as ho hit don, ear ho drinken o^er eten, tnakieJi hire venie o cneos 
dun before hire, ^seggen, Mea culpa, and underfo pe penitence 
f ho leis upon ham lutende hire lake, ]?e anker f ilke gult neaver 
mare J^rafter ne upbreide for na wrad"Se, bate gif ho eft sones 
fulle i pat like, ah do hit allimge ut of hire heorte. Gif ani strif 
rises bitwenen hame utewi^, |>e anker make ex^er to make o^5er 
venie o cneos dan to ]?e eorSe, -} ei'Ser rihte up oSer, ^ cuasen 
on ende, and te anker leie on ei^er sum penitence, mare up o 
f ilke f great! uker guUe. Jjis is a |?ing witen ho wel f is 
Godd levest, sahtnesse -) somenlale, ^ te feond laSest, for-|?i 
he is eaver umben to reare sum lad'Se. Nu seos te swike wel, 
f hwen fur Is wel o brune, -y mon wite f bit ga ut, mon sundres 
te brondes, ^ he dos hond to f ilke. Luve is Jliesu Cristes 
fuif, f he will }> blasie inowre lieorte, and te deovcl blawes for 
to puffen hit ut ; hwen his blast ne geiues nawt, he bringej; up 
sura word, o^r sum oSer hwat hwer |>urh ho to buren, t'iSer 
framward oSer, ^ te bali gastes fur cwencbes hwen );e brondes 
l^urh wrad'Se beon i-sundrel* For-]?! halde ham i luve faste to 
gederee, -3 ne beo ham nawt of hwen pe feond blawe, nomeli 
gif monie beon i-fest to gedere, *] wi^ luve ontendet. pah anker 
on hire scrvanz for openliche giltes leie penitence, to preost 
noiSere latere scliriveii ham ofte, ah eaver |jah wiS leave, Gif 
lio ne cunen noht to mete graces, seggen in hore stude pater- 
noster biforen ^ ave Maria, after mete alswa, 3 credo mare. 
And seggen jius on ende, Fader, Sune, Hah Gast, an almibti 
Godd, give ure lavedi his grace, se lengre se mare, ^ leve hire 
■3 us ba"Se nime god ende, for-gelde alle f us god son, j milce 
hore sawle, "] i? us god i-don haven, hore sawle and alle cristene 
sawle. Bitwene meal ne gruse ge nawt, nowtSer fruit, ne oSer 
hwat, ne drinko bule leave, 3 te leave beo liht in al f nis sunne. 
At te mete na word oSer hit, ^ ta stille, alswa after jje ancres 
cumplie a^ct prime, ni do |nng ne seggen, hwer l?iu*h iiire 
silence muhe beo dcsturbet* Nan ancres servante ne ah bi 
rihte to asken i-set hure, bute mete ^ claS f bo mai llutte bi -j 
Godes milce, Ne mis-leve nan godd hwat se tide of j?e anker 
f he hire trukie, |>eo p am wi5uten; gif ho serven |?e anker al 
swa as ho mahen, hore hureschal beo Jjeeche blisse of heovene. 
Hwa se haves ehe of hope toward se heh hure, gladli wile ho 
serven, ^ lilitliche alle wa ^ alle tene ]?olien, wi'S eise ne wiS 
este ne bueS mon nawt blisse, 

Ge ancres ahen f)is laste lutle stucche rede to owre servanz 
euche wike eanes, til ^ ho hit cunnen, and muche ned is f ge 
to ham nimen god geme, for ge mahen muche ]?urh horn beo 
i-godet -j wursnet. On &6ct half gif ho sunehen );urh owre 
gemeles, ge schule be bicleopet J?rof bifore pe hehe deme, for- 
\n as ow is muche ned •) bom gette mare, geornliche leares ham 



to Imlden liare rin ie, ba15e for ow ^ for ham seoLf« liiSeliche ^ 

luvelidie, for swuch ah wummones lare of religiun to beon, 
luvelich, *) li^e, ^ seldscene sturne. BalSe is riht f ho ow 
dreden ^ luvien, ah f lev beo eaver mare of pe luve ]?en of dredefi 
benne schal hit wel fareii. Mon schal heolde eoU ") win baw' 
m wundes after Godes lare, ah mare of softe eoli |?en of bitende 
win, f is, ma of li Se worded pen of suhiende, for |?er of cumes 
binge best, f is, luve eie. LihlUche ^ swetelich for-gives bam 
hore gultes, hwen ho ham am cnawe, •] bihaten bote. Ase 
forS as ge muhen ha5e of drinch •} of mete, of cla-Ses ^ of 
o^er |?ing, ]) ned of (Ifisch askes, beos large toward ham^ |>ah ge 
narewe beon j harde to ow eeolven. S^a do*> f wel blawe.s, 
wendes te narewe of |»g horn toward his ahne mu-S, ^ utw^ard 
tc wide. And ge do alswa, as ge wiln f owre beodes bemen 
wel "] dreamen i Drihtiins rare, nawt ane to owre aiires, ah 
to alie folkes beale, as ure Laverd leve pmh pe grace of him 
self p hit swa mote. 

O |>is hoc redes hwen ge am eise, euche dai lesse o^Ser mare, 
Ich hopie hit schal beon ow gif ge hit reden ofteswiiSe biheove, 
jjurch Godes grace, elles ich hafde iivele bitohen muche hwile. 
Me were levere, Deu-le-set, to do me toward Rome, |?en for to 
biginnen hit eft for to doniie. Gif ge finden f ge don alswa as 
ge reden, {jonkes Godd geonie. Gif ge ne don nawt, biddeaJ 
Godd are, and beos umben |?er onuven ^ ge hit betlere balden,! 
after owre mihte. Fader, Sune, Hali Gast, an alinihti Godd,( 
wite ow in his ^varde, he gladie ow ^ frovre ow, mine leve sustre, 
and for al f ge for him drehen oSer drehden, ni give ow neaver 
lasso huire fen al to gedere him selven. Beo he ai i-hehetfram 
worlde into worlde a on ecnesse» Amen, 

Ase ofte as ge haven red oht o pin hoc, gretes ure Lavedi wi*5 
an avc for him p swanc her abuten. 



Frinn MS. Reg. 8t D. VI. fol, 18, r, i*f the flijileenth ceutury. 
Dum cano " si dedero/* protinus mea commiKia qufcro. 
Si dedero, dec us accipiam Hatumqne favoris : 
Ni dedero, nil percipiam, spem perdo labori.s; 
Si dedero, genus accumulo famamque potentis; 
Ni dedero, clauso loculo parit ars sapientis; 
Si dedero, mihi laus, lex, et jus prospera dantur: 
Ni dedero, mihi fraus, fel, fa\K adversa parantur; 
Si dedero, mereor in summa sede locari : 
Ni dedero, tenui compellor in tede morari ; 
Si dedero, veneratus ero, vocor et gratiosua : 
Ni dedero, diffamor ego, vocor et viciosus. 



From M9. Laud. lOB. foU 
in the fifleeuth century. 

237. ID tbe Dodleia& Libriu>y, wriilen earljr 

Here higynneih Somer Sonetlay, 

[U][K>ri a somer suneday se I the Qonne^ 

Erly risinde in the est ciide; 

Day davveth over doune, derk is in to woe, 

1 warp oil my wedes, to wode wolde I wcmde. 

With kenettes keiie» that wel coutlie criea conne^ 

I hiede to holte, with honterea bende; 

So ryfiy on m^ge roon and raches ronne, 

Tliat ill launde under lynde me leste to lende, 

Ajid lenede; 

Kenettes questede to quelle, 

Al so breme so any bellei 

The deer daunteden in the delle, 

That al the downe deiiede. 

Denede dale and downe, for drvft of the deer in drctlr 
Formeche murthe of mouth the murie moeth madr ; 
I ros, and romede, and sey roon raches to 5ede| 
They stalke under schawe, schatereden in schade. 
And lordeji? lengedj lenged, and ladies leces to-tede, 
With grithle grohonndes g^ode to game and glade ; 
And I cam to the game, ther gromcs gonne grede^ 
And at a water wikle I wende over Imn wade, 
Ther was ; 

I stalked !>e the stremj, be tlie strond, 
For I be the flod fond, 
A bot doun be a lond, 
So passed I the pa.^. 

So passede I the pas, prively to pleye, 

And ferde forth in that frith, folk forto fynde ; 

Lawly longe I lustnede, and under lowe lay, 

That I ne hcrde bond, horn, hunte, hert, ne hynde. 

So wyde I walkede, that I wax wery of the wey, 

Thanne les 1 my la}'k, and lenede under lyivde; 

And als I sat be side, I say soth for to sey, 

A wifman with a wonder whel wene with the wynde. 

And wond ; 

Opon the whel were I wene, 

Merye menj madde i-mene. 

To hire I gan gon in tn-rn** 

And fortune to fan<l 



Fortune frerid and fo, fajTest fere, 

Fexli fals fikel to fonde is i-founde ; 

The whel je Uyrneih to wo, fro wo into wele, 

That were in the ronynge ryng of the roe, that renneth so 

A lok of that levedy, with lovelich lere. 
Mi gode gameliche game gurte to grounde ; 
Couthe 1 carpe carpying, trestly and clere* 
Of that bird€ bastons in bale ire bounde, 
Ful bowne ; 

Natheles, ne mene I nat nay, 
I w lie, ar I wende away, 
Redy resons in a ray, 
Radely to rowne. 

Rediily to roune rounes to rede, 

A loveloker levedy Uveth non in lond ,- 

I wolde hari went with that whyt, in worthlich wede, 

So ferly fair of face, to fore hire I fond. 

The gold of hire gurdel gloud as a glede. 

That blisful burde in bale me bond ; 

Of hire ly|th he%^ed in herte I hadde hcde. 

And with a wonderful whel that worthi wyth wond, 

Wyth mayn," 

A whitman of so much my 5th, 

So wonder a whelwry^th, 

Sey I nevere ivith syjth, 

Soth forto seyn, 

Sothe to seye^ sitte I sey, as my sijthe sente, 

A begyngge gome, gameliche gay ; 

Bry^t as the blostme, with lirowes i-bente, 

On the whel that the wyjth wooede in the way, 

Wyterly him was wel, whan the whe! wente. 

For he layked and low, lenyng als he lay ; 

Loveliclie lokyngges the love lime lente, 

A roeriere man on molde, inonen I ne may, 

In mynde J 

The gome I gaf a grelyng, 

He seyde, ' Sestou, swetyng, 

The crowne of that comely kyng, 

I cleyme be kynde.* 

'Be kynde it me cometh to cleyTioe kyngene kyngdom, 
Kyngdom be kynde to me, the whel wile wynde ; 
Wynd wel, wortldiche wyjth, fare fortune, frcndene flyjtli, 
Flitte forth, flyjtte, on the selveseteto sitte/ 


*Sitte, 1 sny, and sethe on a semeli ^ie, 

Ryjth on the rouode, on tlie renny[u]g ryiig; 

Caste kne over kne, as a kyng kete, 

Comely clothed in a cope, crouned as a kyugf/ 

Hey herte hadde he, of hastif hele, 

He leyde his leg opotily at his hkyng ; 

Ful loth were tJie lordyng his lorclsscliipe lete. 

He wende al the world were at liis weldyng, 

Ful wyjth ; 

On knes I kysed that kyng, 

He seyde, ' Sestou, sweting* 

How I regne with ring, 

Richest in ryjth !* 

' Richest in ryjlh, quen and knyth, knyg conne me rallo, 
Mest man of my^th, fair folk to fotc me falle; 
Lordlich lif ledi, no lord lyvynde me i-liche. 
No duk ne dred 1, for I regno in ry^th as a riclie.* 

Of riche thenketh, rewthe is to rede and roune. 

That sit ten on that sameli sete, seththe with sorwc thoruout 

And I beheld on hadde an heved hor als liorliowno, 
Al b!ok was his ble, in bitere bales browth. 
His diademe of dyamans droppcde a-tloun, 
His woyes were a-wey ward, wrothliche wronl; 
Tynt was his tresor, tente, tour and toiin, 
Nedful and nawthi, naked and nawth, 
I-nome ; 

That gome I gretlc with grith^ 
A word he warp, and wepte w ith, 
Hon he was crouned kyng in kith, 
And caytif be-coine* 

* Be-comme a caytif, a cast kyngus king couthe me calle, 
Fram frciides falle, lond, luthe, litel, lo! last, 
Last, titclj lordene, lif fikel i«, fortune nou fer fro, 
Here wel, here wo, here knyth, her kyng, her caytif.* 

A caytif he was be-conie, and komed on care, 
He myste many merthes, and meche mai,stri ; 
And ech I say, soriere Hkyng ful sare, 
A bare body in a bed, a here 1 brouth him by 
A duk drawe to the deth, with drouping and dare. 

Tlfie poem en(h imperfectly. 


VOL, U, 



From MS. Harl. 4043, fol 1. r«. of the tizteenth century. 

Clara dies Pauli bonitatem denotat anni ; 
Si fuerint venti, crudelia prselia ^enti ; 
Quando sunt nebulae, pereunt animalia quseque ; 
Si nix aut pluvia sit, tunc fiunt omnia chara. 

Fevrier de tous les mois, 

Le plus court et moins courtois. 

En Mars me lie, en Mars me taille, 
Je rends prou quand on m*y travaille. 

Le cure disoit, Les Pasques pluvieuses, sont souvent frou- 
menteuses. Et son clcrc respondit, et souvent fort menteuses, 

Depuis Pasques au jeu, 
Depuis Noel au feu. 

En May rosee, en Mars gresil, 
Pluye abondante au mois d'Avril, 
Le laboureur contentent plus 
Que ne feroient cinq cens escus. 

En Mars quand il tonne, 
Chascum s'en estonne ; 
En Avril s'il tonne, 
C*est nouvelle bonne. 

Es mois d'Aoust et de Juillet, 
Bouche moite, et Tengin sec. 

Hoc mihi dixit hiems, Si sim quandoque morosa. 
In candeloso semper ero radiens. 

Dcs le sainct Martin, 
Boy le nouveau vin. 

Qui voit a Noel les mouschons, 
A Pasques verra les glafons. 

La Lune est perilleuse au cinq, 
Au quatre, six, et liuict, et vingt. 

Prens du temps la reigle commune, 
Au premier Mardy de la lune 
Le soleil fait par excellence 
Aik Samedy la reverence. 

Du Dimanche au matin la pluye 
Bien souvent la semaine ennuye. 

Vendredy de la semaine est 

Le plus beau jour, ou le plus laid. 


Pauvre Laboureur, tu ne vois 
Jamais ton bled beau Tan deux fois ; 
Car si tu le vois beau en herbe, 
Tu ne Vy verras pas en gerbe, 

Janvier le frilleux, 
Fevrier gresilleux, 
Ek Mars le poudreux. 
May clair et ventcux, ' 
Font Tan et Tom heureux- 




Tbis fhigfinent In copied from a MS. of the time of Ueor. VI, preserved in the 

librnry of Trinity ColJege, Dublin* 

This Palamon in his bed lay, 
And herd Emlyn synE so dowcely, 
That unto his brother ne gan say, 
Wer is my love and my lady ] 

Goyng merely in a garden grene, 
Singyng herself this lady bright, 
She ravisshed bothe the hertes, I wene. 
Of Palamon and his brother Ersyte* 


S>T Palamon it is my name, 
And for this lady I ber gret blame 
In preson stronge, Emlyn I chese 
Unto my love and niy rnaystres. 


thou, Eml>nicv thi fayrenes 
Brought Palamon and Eri^iyte in gret distresses 
In a garden whan thou didlst syng 
So fressheiy in a May mornyng, 

1 Ersyte with my brother lay, 
Palamon, whan he chese this may ; 
I had or he of her a sighte, 
Therfore I chalenge hit to righle, 

(No more in the MS.) 






From MS. Publ. Libr. Camb. Kk. 1 . G. written at the beginning in a hand 
of the flixteenth century. 

In the yere of owere lorde a thowsande v*^. lij. and one, 
Schalle theys be doynge and done. 

In Brettane thys ilond, that ys callyd Albyone, 
Grete sorrovve ys lyke to be there in. 

Wanvik. A Beare fowUe and gryssely grette harme schalle 
And mayntcnyd he schalle be there ine. 

Pen* A Dragone alle grene hys syde schalle of-take. 

But at the laste sowthly he schalle hyme for-sake. 

Schrowe. And thene, jentylle Talbott, be-ware thy hed, 

For swerly a grene Dragone schalle put the to dred. 

Derbe. And {sk) Eagelle alle bryghte schalle fly alle 

A.nd hclpe the frome there handes, that er so 
hygthe of rowte. 

Wyn. The Fawcone in mevve wylle hyrsclfealle gates be, 

The Fenny xe alle sumynge schalle make wepynge 


Arendel. The Wyghte Horse with leappynge schalle make 

an end 

Of the fowlle evelle Bere, wyche God hathe send. 

Pen. But the Dragon alle grene a falle schalle then 

And wandere thowe schallte, with owte any gyde. 
And the Coke of the Northe schalle ease thy payne. 
Butt a Wolffe schalle dashe the a-gayne. 
A Bogett of wayttere schalle umble, and also 

A flok at hys tayle, to helpe hys lyege kynge ; 
The wyche lyes wepynge, withowte halle or bower. 
Or plase for hyme mete, but one a barre flore. 
And then, alase ! thy yere ys fere spentte, 
Strangeres and tyrrantes that schalle the tormente. 
Also gyde yowe wylle, ladys, that dwellc in bower. 
For your maydens and yowc, Ihcye schalle meste 




Trwe wedynges for-gottone of eche mane. 

Ami temans for gpowses schalle every mane take 

in honde : 
The ky nge a pooer may dene sclialle ine hys mynde, 
And hys playfelowes hyme seke, but none schalle 

hyme fyride. 
And of thys lady he schalle get a flowcre^ 
That schalle warne all kj^nges as he leste every 

Thcne gret tokens schalle be sene in the elementtes, 
And sone alle blody, schalle feldes be wer wayt- 

teres doo rene, 
Thene schalle the kynge gyde as he lyste eche 

But he schalle hymebe-hed, for hys folysbe ploye. 
And more tray tores he schalle owytte cry at the 

But smal redrese makynge, the thynges be soo fare 

Thcne hangynge and drawjTige Ihow schallte 

styllc see, 
But moche adewe to set thynges as they hawe bee. 
But at the last God schalle hyme helpe the olde 

And schalle allc set in cnncordc and staye. 
And then, yowe inayddens, that lyes in your 

stronge walle, 
For after thys to your reame schalle no hurte falle, 


Ajirio Regny Marie, Regene Anglie primi, pritno, xix, daye 




From MS. Sloane, No. 1S60, written in llie year 1546. 

Pray not to dod wyth thy lyppes only. 

But wyth thy heart vervently* 

In the mornyng ryse erley. 

And serve God devoutly. 

Go to thy meat appertly, 

And syt thereat dy scry tly» 

And receve yt of God thanckefully. 




From MS. Sloan. No. 1210^ fol. 123, y, of the fifteenth century. 

My lefe chyld, I kownsel ye 

To furme thi vj. tens, thou awyse ye; 

And have myndof thi clensoune. 

Both of nowne and of pronowne. 

And ilk case in plurele, 

How thai sal end, awyse the wele ; 

And thi participyls forgete thou nowth, 

And thi comparysons be yn thi thowth ; 

Thynk of the revele of the relatyfe, 

And then schalle thou the bettyr thryfe ; 

Lat never interest downe falle, 

Nor penitet with hys felows alle ; 

And how this Englis schalle cum in, 

Wyt ianto and quanta in a Latyn, 

And how this Englis schalle be chawngede, 

Wyt verbis newtyrs qwen thai are hawede ; 

And how a verbe schalle be furmede, 

Take gode hede that thou be not stunnede ; 

The ablatyfe case thou hafe in mynd, 

That he be saved in hys kynd ; 

Take gode hede qwat lie wylle do. 

And how a nowne substantyfe, 

Wylle corde with a verbe and a relatyfe ; 

Posculo, posco, veto. 

And yf thou wylle be a grammarion, 

Owne thi fyngers to construccyon. 

The infenytyfe mode alle thorowth, 

Wyt his suppyns es mykylle wroth ; 

And thynk of propur nownnys, 

Both of kastels and of townnys ; 

And when oportet cums in plas, 

Thou knawys miserere has no gras, 



Written in the margin of MS. Cotton. Cleopatra C. vi. fol. 21, v*. and 22 
r^. in a hand of the thirteenth century. 

Li)?er lok and tuinkling, 
Tihing and tikeling, 
Opin brest and singing, 
]7eise midoutin lesing 
Arin toknes of horehnge. 


King conseilles, 

Bissop loreles, 
Wuoiinan s^clmmeles, 
Hold-man lecluir, 
Jong- man tricbiiri 
Of alle mine live 
No sau I worse five. 

Ne be bi winpil ne%^ere so jelu ne so stroutende, 

Ne ]n faire tail so long ne sti Lrailende, 

That tu ne schalt at evin al kultid hi levin, 

And tou schalt to bedde gon so nakid as tou were [borinj. 



From MS. Sloan. No. 36), fat. 15, v«» of Ihe flfteeulb century. 

C for B, D for C, F for D, G far F, H for G, K for H, 

L for K, M for L, N for M, P for N. Q for P, R for Q, S 
for R, T for S, B for T, 

E for A, A for E, I for 0, for I, V for himself, and Y 
for himself. 

Item, in every word the first consonant shal be changed as 
is abovesaid, and never elles 

Item, when ij. consonants crimen togider winch will not be 
sowned^ ther shal be set bitwene hem, or next afnre or after, 
as hit wil falle, this silalile ^sjt, the which shal stande for nought 
save for the sownyng of the word. 

Item, for AV, sh, Item, for ch, th, and for th, ch, when- 
evere hit happelh in bigynnjnge or ende or the rayddes of any 

Item, wherever Q standeth ther shal folwe an U, which shal 
stande for nought hut for the sownyng of the word* 

Item, wherever this word ike comith, ye shal sette afore this 
lettre R, which wil make lit be. 

Item, ye shal never set this lettre Y save in such places as 
he may stande for himself, as tfour\ yold, yif and not for Joy^ 
Jus/es, or Jh^wf. 




The following curious tetter from the Dachefls of Suffolk to Mr. Cecil is 
extracted from MS. Lansd. No. 2, art. 16. 

It refers to the child of Queen Catharine Parr hy her third hnshand, Sir 
Thomas Seymouri Baron Seymour of Sudley, nursed at the Duchess's house 
at Grimesthorpe in Yorkshire, (see the Archsslogia, vol. iz. p. 8.) : it also 
contains an inventory of Plate belonging to the Nursery. It is dated 87th 
August, 1548. 2 Edw. VI. 

Hit is sayd that the best meane of remedie to the sicke, is 
first playnly to confesse and to disclose the disease ; wherfore 
bothe for remedie and agayne for that my disease is so strong 
that hit will not be hidden, I will discover me unto you. Ffirst I 
will as hit were under Benedicite and in hiegh secrecie declare 
unto you that all the world knowethe, though I goo never so 
covertly in my nette, what a veary begger I am. This sicknes 
as I have sayde I promise you increasethe mightily upon me. 
Amongest others the causes therof is you will understand not 
the least, the Quenes child hathe layen and vet dothe lye at ray 
howse with her companie abowte her, hooly at my chardges. 
I have writen to my lady Somerset at large, which was the let 
I wrote not this with myne awne haund unto you, and amongest 
other thinges for the child that there may be some pentions 
alotted unto her, acording to my lordes grace promise. Now 
good Cicill, help at a pinche all that you may helpe. My lady 
also sent me word at Whitsentide last by Bartue,* that my 
lordes grace at her suite had graunted certeyn nursery e plate 
shuld be dely vered with the child ; and lest there might be 
stey for lacke of a present bill of suche plate and stuffe as was 
there in the nurcerye, I send you one hereinclosed of all suche 
parcelles as were apointcd out for the childes only use ; and 
that ye may the better understand that I cry not before I am 
pricked, I send you also mistress Eglenbies (governess) letter 
unto mo, who with the maydes nourrice and others dayly call 
on me for there wages, whose voyces myne eares may herdly 
beare, but my couffers much wurse, — wherfore I cease, and 
committe me and my sickenes to your diligent care, with my 
hertie commendations to your wiefe. — At my mannour of 
Grymesthorpe, the xxviith. of August. 

Your asured loving frend, 



* Richard Bartue, Enquire, ancestor of the Lords Willoughby d'Eresby, 
the Duchesses husband. 

t Daughter of William, Lord WiUoughby, and the fourth wife (relict) of 
Charles Drandon, Duke of Suffolk. ANTIQUJ 


Beddinge and 
other estuf. 

A bill of all suehe plate and othm^ estuf as 
belimgethe to the norcerye of the Quenes child. 

Ffirste, ij, pottes of silver, all white. 
Item, iij. goblettes, silver, all white, 
pr * jliem, one sallt, silver antl parcell gilt* 

Iteni> a maser with a bande of silver and par- 
cell gilt. 
Item* xj. spones, silver, all white, 

''Item, a quyllt for the cradell, iij. pillowes, 

and j. pair fustians. 
Item, iij* fetherbeddesi iij. quyltei, and iij, 

pair mstians. 
Item, a teslour of scarlette, embrolhered, with 

a counterpoint of silke saye, belonging to 

the same, and curtens of crymsyn lafTetla. 
Item, ij, counterpointes of imegerye for the 

norces bedd. 
Item, vj, pair shetes, little worthe. 
Item, vj. feir peces of hanginges witliin the 

inner chambre. 
Item, iiij, Carpettes for wyndowes- 
Itera, X. pecef^ hanginges of the twelve 

monethes, within the utter chambre. 
Item, ij. cuyshens, clothe of golde. 
Item, j, chayre of clothe of golde. 
Item, ij. wrought stooles. 
Item, a bedstedde, gillt, with a testour and 

counterpoint, with curtens belonginge to 

the same. 

Item, ij, mellche beastes, whiche were belong- 
inge to the norcerye, the which it maye please 
your grace to wrylQ maye be bestowed e uppon 
the ij. maydes towardes ther maryages, which 
shalbe shoHelye. 

Item, one lute. 


To my loving frend Mr Cecill, 
attendant upon my Lord 
Prot€Ctor» Gmce. 
27 of AugtiAt. 
From my Lady of Suffolkes grace to my Mr, 

CoDcernlDg ihe Quenp^ child imreed at Tier house at 
GriiDsiiif>rp, with a bill of ptate WloJiging to the nurccry. 
Anno. 2. Ed. G. 

G. J, A. 

fOL. II. D 




From the Sy-leafor MS* fiodley 622, written early m the fourteenth century* 
A later copy occurs in the Cotton MS. Cleop. D, viif. f. L 

That in thi mischef forsakil the no^th, 
That in thi bonchef axit the no^th, 
That wanne thou trespassest for-berit the no^th, 
That in thi nede wernit the nojtli, 
He is thi Frende. 

Wan y was pore, than was y fre, 

Wenne y gan gedcre, tho let y be ; 

Wanne y was ryche, tho was y harde, 

And er y wyste, y deies [deled CofL] amidwarde, 

Alas! ricbesse, so mich in thouth, 

To-day y was riche, and now have y [ri?t Coii.] nouth. 

A scheld of red, a crosse of grene, 

A croune y-writhe with thornes kene; 

A sper, a sponge, with navies thre» 

A body y-bounde to a tre ; 

Who [so CoiL] this schild in herte wul take, 

A-monge his enimes thar he no?t quake. 



From the Fontidcide of Egbert, Archbishop of York, in the Biblioth^que 
du Roi at Paris, a fine MS. written about A. D* 950. The first Is written 
on a srrap ot velum inserted ; the other in a vacant space at the end. 

h\ BrolSer ^a leofestan, we onlysa^S eow of synna bendum, 
on ge-wrixle Stes eadegan Petres Sara Apostola ealdres, 5am 
iSe ure drvhten ISone anweald soalde synne to ge-bindienne ^ 
eft to onlysenne, Ac swa iniclum swa eow to belimpti eowra 
sjTina ge-wregednes ^ lis to ge-byreS sio for-gifenes, sie God 
teUiiihtig lif •;) ha^lo eallum cow rum synnum for-gifen Surh 
^one '5e mid him Icofa^ ^ ricsab geond world aworld. Amen, 

A nun mi lie si mo septingcntesimo nonagesimo, rex captivus, 
regina pene occisa, va? ecclesiie ! principes fugLeni, sceptrum 
confractum, paulo post re\iviscit ferrum et ignis in nobiles, 
spoliatio tcmpli. Ha'C Dunslanus servus Dei, 




From a MS* in the College of Arms, marked E. D, N* No. 37 ; written 
in a small illegible hood of Edward II. tiuie. Tbe second id written as 
prose ID the manuscript. 

A levedy ad my lo^^e leytj tlie bole bigan to belle. 
The cokeu ad the kite keyL, the doge is in the welle ; 
Stod y in my stirop streyt, i-schake out of the schelle, 

As ryt as ramis orn. 
Filipe with is fauchun fantes, be god, sayd, rake in hille, 
With arm an , . . the boUe get in the corne, but mi ]ema[ti] 

love welL 
If you love a wenche wel, cry laude and stille, 
Bestir wel, but yef hir noute, grant hir al Mr welle, 
Be thou novvt so liardy hir onis to grille; 
Wan thou hast thin welle, dan let hir mome still with an 
I swar be the leves, let hir ches, were sche wel love or bene. 

As I stod on a day, me self under a ire, 

I met in a moriieninge a may, in a medwe ; 

A scmlier to min sithe saw I ner non. 

Of a blak hornet al wos hir wede, 

Purfiled with pcllour doun fo the teon ; 

A red hod on hir beved, shragid al of shridis, 

AVilh a riche riban gold be-gon. 

That birdc bad on hir boke evere as he yede, 

V/m non with hir hut hir selve a-lon; 

With a cri gan sche me sey, sche wold a-wrenchin awey. 

But for I was so neye. 

[A line pane] 

I sayd to that semly that Xpx [Crist] should hir save^ 

For the fairest may that I ever met ; 

*Sir, God yef the grace god happis to have. 

And the lyginges uf love,* thus she roe gret. 

That I mit be cum hir man, I began to crave, 

For nothing in hirde fondin wold I let ; 

Sche bar me fast on bond, that I began to rave, 

And bad me fond ferther, a lol for to feche. 

'Quaer go^pellisal thi speche 1 

Thu findis hir nont hire the sot that thu seche/ 

For me thothe so fair, hir wil wold I tast, 
And I f re V lied hir of love, therat she lowe ; 
' A ! J^ire/ she sayd, ' hirt thow for non hast, 



If it be your wille, yc an sayd irmowe. 

It is no mister, your word forto wast, 

Thcr most a balder byrd bilHn on the bow ; 

I wend be your semknt a chese you for chast. 

It is non ned to mak hit so tow. 

W , . ri wet ye w^at I rede, 

Wend fort ther ye wenin better for to spede/ 



From MS, Harl. 3724, foU 4, ro, of the thirteenth centtiry. 
De sartcto Petro martire, 

Petre, piis plausibus pro petra punifo, 
Plaudat prrcscns populus pectorc polito; 
Petrus patf r pauperuoi purus prffidicator. 
Retrain plebi preedicat pacis propagator ; 
Puiigit precdicatio pregnans puritate; 
Pravos parani prfeliura pleni pravitate ; 
Promunt paricidium patrem perimentes, 
Primipulum puerum primitus petentes; 
Passo Petro pateram poenis perpetratis 
Pandittir potentia patris pietatis; 
Fululant prodigia Petro promerenti ; 
Pedes, palmre, palpebra? praebentur petenti; 
Pellitur paralisis, podagra, putredo, 
Pavor, pestilenUa, prominens pinguedo ; 
Pagem, Petre, postula prolem procedentom, 
Paccm pra^sta populo, perde perse quenlen», 
Pra^be posse pnriter propulsis peccatis 
Poli palmis perfrui probis pra^paratis* 

Amen! HlllL 


From MS. Bib. PuhL Canlab. Eo. i. ^. of the fo or teen Ih century, 

Al it is fantam that we mid fare, 

Naked and povre henne we shul fare; 

AI shal ben other mannes that we fore care, 

Ant that we don for Gocles love, have we no mare. 

From MS. Dd. xL 78, also of the fourteenth century- 

Lege hoc vermm netrograde ft invenies contrarium senium, 

AbeL Sacrum pinguc dabn non inacrum sacrificabo, 

Cbt>n» Sacrificabo macrum non dabo pingue sacrum. 




Prom MS. Cotton. Galb. E. \x. foU 110. vo. Written on the fly-leaf in a 
band of the period. 

Her biginyih the seige off Calaj/^, 
in theyer off our LordjM^ iiii^. 

In Juyl whan the sone schon, 

T^e^^, levys, and herbis grene, 

Wyth many sonder colowris ; 

And fresch flowris that April mad, 

Ganc for to feynt and to fad, 

Of lusty colowris, 

And of swete odowris. 

And fruyte on Ire both gret and smale, 

Gan for to rip and wex fulle pale, 

Than cooiy th time off labowr ; 

To profit and to wirchip wyne, 

In armeSj so ther be no treson inn, 

Untruth, ne fals colowr. 

The duk of Borgavn off grete prid. 

Mad gret assembille in landes wyd. 

In Flanders, and in Breban ; ^ 

Of bis power and in chevalry, 

Jn Burgayn, and in Pikardye, 

or Henaw, and off Holaud. 

A c, L ML and mo. 

That weryne alle to ryd and go, 

To ber sper and scbdd i 

And mak avant Calys to wyn, 

And schuld dye that wer tberyn, 

Both man, woman and chyld. 

The wolles and the merchandyss, 

And othir god with the ymprise, 

They wold have a serteyne ; 

The walles they wold ber a downe, 

Towr, castelle, and dongen, 

Alle schuld be mad fulle playn. 

And so with red bancrs displayed, 

With n[r]dir in the bateyllys arayed. 

They cum they cum (sic) the towne abote ; 

Statly tentes anon they pvjte, 

Larg and long and gret of syjth, 

It was a ryalle rowte. 

Wyth gunnes gret, and other gret ordinance, 


Them to help and to avanc^ 

With many a prowd pavys ; 

Gayly peynted and stufftid weUe, 

Ribawdes armyd with iyrne and stele^ 

Was never better off devyce. 

Ix. M^ cokkes to crow at ny^th. 

And viij, M*, cressetes to brene lijth, 

Gret wonder to her and se ; 

How sone the had mad her logyng, 

Dcfens off herth and dikyng 

Redier myjlh non be. 

The erle of Mortayne mad a diner, 

And felowys be of good chere. 

Off no thing hav we no dred; 

I trust to god to se that day^ 

That for alle the proud aray, 

Fulle low schalle thay lowth. 

The levetent Ser Johne Raclyf, 

That ever lovyd worschyp and dred repreve. 

Kept fulle goo governance ; 

And so did the baron off Dudley , 

In the castell, the soth to say, 

Mad fulle good ordinance. 

My lord Camoys at Bolyn-gate, 

The bulwerkes he ihd undertak, 

At no tyme wuld he fayle ; 

Nether late ne erly, 

Yff any without wer so hardey, 

It onys to assayle. 

At the Mylk-gate Ser Johne Aston » 

And Ser Jefferey Warbulton, 

Witli a many a hardy man ; 

The trompetes lowd they dyd blow, 

That the duk rayjth well know, 

The wach whan yt bigan. 

The porters kept the gattcs full manly, 

Tlie gattes opyn continually, 

To wate they wer not irk; 

The trew sodters both day and nythe, 

Lay on the walks in harnes brig'lie, 

Hit was ther hows and kirk« 

The burgcs and men wer full bown, 

For to defend the possession, 

Hit longilh to them off ry|th; 

The merehaiittes wer full redy, 

At all tymes and every skry, 



Hyt was a full good sy^th. 

And Fio did the good coinyns. 

That had stuffed w**il the town, 

With tho gCKKl and vitayle ; 

In town and fekl to rid and go, 

And all odur werkes to doo. 

In all that my^th avayle. 

The women, both yung and old, 

Wyth stones stalled every scaffold, 

The spared not to swct ne swynk ; 

With boylyng cawdrens both gret and smalle, 

Yf they wotd assaute the walle, 

All hote to gev them drynk. 

The furst day ther enmys prowd, 

Gan to skirmysch with schowtes lowd, 

But eountred tliey wer anon ; 

Gonners to schew ther arte. 

In to the town in many a parte, 

Schote many a fiille gret stone. 

Thankyd be God and Mary myld, 

The hurt nothir man, woman, ne chytd, 

To the howsis thow they did harm ; 

Sent Babara ! than was the cry» 

When the stone in the stone (sic) did fly, 

They cowd noii other charm. 

And for the dak lay them no nere, 

At the sowth west comer. 

Off goones he had a song ; 

That anon he left that place, 

And to the west end he mad a chace, 

Hym thowth he bod to long, 

Ther men my^th se archerys good, 

Cast from them both gown and hood, 

The better for to schote ; 

That Frensch and Flemysch was ful fayn 

To ther tentes to retom ogayn, 

They saw non othir boote. 

And one amang, an I\Tysch man, 

Uppone his hoby swyftly ran, 

Hyt was a sport fuUe syghte; 

How hys darttes he did schak, 

And when him lyst to leve or tak, 

They had fuUe gret dispite. 

All so a hownd that did hyeghe go by, 

That ioMgid to the water bayly, 

Fulle swyftly wold he ren; 


And every skyrmysch to travayle, 

Man and hor^ he wold assayle, 

Fulle welle he coude them k[e]nne. 

And so hit byfelle upone a Thyrsday, 

The erle of Mortayn made a fray, 

At seynt Peturs on the playne ; 

And drove them to there tentys nere, 

And loke many a prisonere, 

And many off them were slayn. 

And after they com with gret navi, 

With bolgit schipis ful craftly» 

The havyn for to han schent ; 

At Friday hut on the uiorow, 

Than began the dukes sorow, 

Hys schypis when he saw brent. 

And so after within a whyle, 

Drawyn a down was hys castell, 

With many a hardy man ; 

His men of armes wer layd to grownd, 

And sum askapid with detliys wond, 

And few off them wer tan. 

The next morow or yt was day, 

Erly the duk fled oway. 

And with hym they oft* Gant ; 

And after Bruges and Apers both, 

To folow after they wer not loth, 

Thus kept they ther a vaunt. 

For they had very knowyng, 

Off the duk off Gloceturs armyng, 

Caleys to rescue ; 

By cans they bod not thcr^ 

In Flanders he soght hem fer and ner, 

That ever may they yt rew. 

Only God, in whom ys all, 

Sav Caleys that ryall towne, 

That ever yt mot wel cheve 

Unto the crown of mery Yngland, 

Wliils that this world wyll stand, 

That neany enmys ytt greve, 

Lytell wo{e the fool, 

Who myjth dies, 

What harm yt wer. 

Good Caleys to lese. Ametu 

Explicit the sege off' Caleys^ 





From the Bibliothequc du Roi, at Paria, MS, Anclen fonds, No. 5179. 
(Hcgiufl, olim Colbertiniu). 

Versus inventi Londoni in una pila de corio, dt Rege Edwardo 
iii^. post conqueslum^ 

Eti pila regalis vocitor, turn ludus ejusdem. 
Anno milleno torcentcno duodeno 
Ed tardus lerjms natus est sub Bricio Sancto; 
Hie duadeciTnus est ab arbore nomine rcgum 

Anglia}, Francorum rex gloriosus criL 
Trans medilerraneum volabit et aquila grandis, 
Ermntcs moltos adducct ad altitooanlem, 
Rebelles ccedens mactabit et annumerabit, 
Post redions pardus prapdis visitalts abtbit 
Ad reges sanctos^ quibus jongetur et ipse, 
Uiictio trina palct, quarto nee unctio decet ; 
Post tractum Lachcsis infoclix Atropos occat (sccat ?), 
Proch dolor ! et gemitus sic deficit Anglicus honor, 
Tolle caput milvi, cancer ter simile fiat; 
Et medium solis sex lustra notabis et unum. 
Anglorum Regnum Bastard bello superavit, 
Et monasterium ainstruere rcxproperavit; 
Jejuniis orans, cupiens do sobole scire, 
Divinum mox responsum racrebatur audire, 
Quot pedibus fiat ecclcsia Batalliee longa, 
Tot annis tna posteritas rcgnabit in Anglia. 
Quamlibet ecclcsiam prolongate voluerunt, 
Trecentos pedes excedcre non potuenmt. 
Bruti posterilas cum Scotis associata, 

Angba rcgna premct Marto, labore, voce. 
Flumina manabunt hostili tincta cruore, 

Perfida gens omnium fraude subacta ruet j 
Quern Britonum fundet Albanis juncta javentus, 

Sanguine Saxonico tincta rubebit liumus, 
Regnabunt Britones Albanae gentis amici, 

Antiquum noinen insula tota feret. 
Ut profert Aquiia veteri de turre loquuta, 

Cum Scotis Britones plurima regna regent 
Regnabunt pariterin prospcritafe quieta, 

Hostibus expulsi*?, judicis usque diem. 
Historian veteris Gitdas hiculentus orator 

Hac rctulit parvo carmine plura notan?, 

VOL. It. E 


Versus vaticincdes editi a Gilda hystoriograplio, 

Regiium Scotorum fiiit inter c^otera regna 

Terraruoi quondam nobile, forte, potens; 
Reges raagiiifici Brad de stirpe regebant 

Fortitor egtegie Scotica regna prius, 
Ex Albiniac^o triiia pote^ potentis ^ne^ 

Dicilur Albania, litera prisca probat, 
A Scota nata Pharaonis regis adcpti, 

Ut veteres traduiit, Scotia noriien habet. 
Post Britoncs, Dacos, Pictos, Hunnosque repulsos, 

Nobiliter Scoti jos tenuere suum. 
Fata ducis Celebris super omnia Scotia flebil» 

Qui loca septa aolo iunget ubique sibi ; 
Principe magnifico tell us viduata vacabat, 
• *"• ♦ ♦ 

Antiquos regea justos, largos, tocuplctes, 

Formosos, fortes, Scotia nioesta luget, 
Ut Mellinus ait, post reges bcUigerosos, 

Regis more carens regia sceptra geret ; 
Servict Angligcno regi pro tempore quodam, 

Proch dolor 1 Albania fraude subacta sua* 
Quorum respirabit post regis fimus avari, 

Versibus antiquis prLsca Sibilla canit. 
Candidus Albanus Patotis causa ruinee, 

Traditione sua socia regna teret. 
Rex Barrolis earn minierosa classe potitus, 

Affliget Scotos ease, furore, fame. 
Extera gens t^uidein Scotoruin firaude peribit. 

In bello princeps Noricus ense cadet ; 
Gallica quern gignet, qui gazis regna replebit, 

O dolor ! o gemitus ! fratris ab ense cadet. 
AnglkiNeustrenses foctu decorata leonis, 
Regibus offensis sit pluribus aucta coronis. 
Anno milleno tercenteno medioque. 
Centum cum deno, populo pugnatur utroque; 
Mens cur, cor cupiens, lex Christi, vita jncunda. 
Form am cunctorum tibi primam dabit futurorum. 
Albus draconem draco rubeum superabii; 
Anglorum nomen toll it, rubeiquc durabit. 
Cum fuerint anni coaipleti mifle ducenti, 
Et decies deni, post partum Virginis alma?, 
Et sex et seni, sulrabunt a-quora remi, 
Inter saxosum ncum castrumque nodosum 
Corruet Angbrum gens perfida iraudc suorum. 




Prom HIS. Laud. 416. olim* C 09,£o]. pap. oir«a 1400. A puraphrase of 
Uje Ten CommaiidmenU, in 7, line fttauziis, illustrated by " Narritciono*'' or 
T&lefl* Imperf. at bc^iDnlDg, as the first fal, ia marked xxxvy. 

Under the Third Command meiit not lo break the iSttbteth, Qoeitr these 
lines, t 44. v*. 

Also use not to pley at the dice ne at the tablis, 

Ne none maner gamys uppon the holidais ; 

Use no tavernys where be jesiis and fablis, 

Syngyng of lewde balettes, rondelcttes, or virolais ; 

Nor erly in mornyng to feccTie home frescli inais, 

For yt makyth maydins to stomble and lalle in the breirs. 

And afterward they telle her coimcele to the freirs. 

Now y-wis yt were wele done to know 

The djdTerence bytwene a damselle and a maide, 

For alle bene lyke whan they stond in a row ; 

But I wylle telle what experience said. 

And in what wyse they be entyrid and araied ; 

Maydyns were callis of silk and of thred. 

And datnsellis kerchevis pynnid uppon thor hed* 

Wyffis may not to chirch tille they be entjred^ 
Ebridyllid and paytTellid, to shew her aray. 
And foiyd alle abowte as an hacony to be hyred ; 
Than she lokyth aboute her if eny be so gay; 
And oon thyng I comend, which is most to my pay, 
Ther kerchef hanggyth so low, that no man can a-spye. 
To loke undimethe oons to shrew h^r eie. 

Jangelyng in chirche among hem is not usid. 
To telle aile her Imwswyfry of the weke byfore ; 
And also her husbondis shalle not be accusid, 
Now crokyd and crabbed they bene ever more ; 
And sucha thyngges lo ! they can kepe no store. 
They bene as close and covert as the horn of Gabriellej 
That wjdle not be herd but from hevyn to helle. 

Under the Sixth Comtnaadiiicnt the writer is v«rj severe aguinst women in 
the fonowifig linee ; /. 54, 

But and the wyf oons happe to go astray, 
Hy t hard is for evyr to gete yt a wey. 

Tylle dethc depart she wylle not blynne. 
She is nothyng jelows of her name j 


For she is so bold off her synne, 

She seith it is but a comyn game ; 

Why shuld she than have eny shame, 

Yf she can eny goodly man a-spie, 

Wyth her crokyd instrument encresc and midtepUe. 

In suche foule lustis is moste her delyte, 

And to make her fresh wyth gay attyris; 

She sparith no cost to yet' men aptyde. 

To sette up her hornys with long wyris ; 

And to be made muchc of she gretly desyris ; 

She wil be redy with the twynkelyng of an eie, 

And wyth her ly tille whetyng-corne to encrese and multeply. 

Of oon strauoge thvng she held hir not paide, 

She must eclie day have chaunges new ; 

And if eny be bettyr than she araide, 

Or havo clothyng of a fresslier hew. 

Then to have ther of she wille fast purse w ; 

And if that she have it not, ye must sey her why, 

Or els wyth her twachylle wille encrecc and multeply • 

Bochas rehersith of wyfis many oone, 
Which to her husbondis were contrarious; 
Among alle other he wrytyth of oone, 
Semeramis hir name, of levyng vicious, 
Quene of Assirie, he callyth hir thus; 
Which wold no man in eny wyse denye. 
But wyth her crokid shap encrece and multeply* 

She ne sparid straunger ne other, 

And if lie come not, she wold hyra calle ; 

She toke her sonno and eke lier brother, 

Suche a fuls lust was on her falle ; 

Hir corage was to have ado with alle ; 

She had no mynd that she shuld die, 

But with her prety lytmose to encrece and multeply. 

And yet the most party, by God, I dare welle saye. 
Are of an hole mynde fulle stedfast and sure; 
Buxom and booaire, and meke as a maie. 
And wilhout man they can right welle endure ; 
Of clenncs and chastyte they have bothe in cure; 
And yet som men wille thyuk and say that y he. 
There are so many workars to encrece and multeplye. 


/. 00. 

I can fynd no man now that wille enquere, 

The parfyte wais unto Dirnmow ; 

For they repent liem within a yere, 

And many within a weke, and sonner, men trow ; 

That cawsith the weis to be rowgh and over grow, 

That no man may fynd path or gap, 

The world is turnyd to another shap, 

Befe and moton wylle serve wele enow ; 
And for to sechc so ferre a lytili bakon flyk, 
Which hath long hanggid, testy and tow^ ; 
And the wey I telle you is comborous and thyk. 
And tljou nught stumble, and take the cryk ; 
Therfor bide at home, what so ever hap, 
Tylle the world be turnyd into another shap. 



From MS. LatiddawtiG, N^o. 397, fol. 0, v*** of the fuurteenth century. 
It b a iliffercnt uiid more complete copy of the fcrap printed at p. 273 of our 
first volume^ 

De vino, 

Savez-vous coment homme deit le vyn prisir, quant homni le 
trove freit et de bon boysouni xx, lettres y ad, bien les sal, 
ore les escx)te2 et jeo les vons noinerai, iij\ B, iij. Cj yj» N, iij. 
S, et viij. F. Les iij* B dient q*il est bons, bens, et bevale, 
Les iij. C dient q'il est court, clers, et crespc. Les iij. Nj q'il 
est net, neays, et naturels. Les iij, S dient q*il est sek, saynj 
et sade. Les viij. F dient q'il ast freit. fresche, fry ant, fre- 
missaunt, furmente!, feirei fyn, e Fraunceys, Et oii crust-il ? 
II crust sur le croupel de la mountaigne en coundos d'un lary 
en agay t du soleil ou li un grayn regard lui autres sicom confel 
fait poucin en arrys du vilayn, ou onkes grayn de feus n*i entra, 
si le douz russinolle ne le porlast en son duz bek volaunt, et 
tet cum rasoure de gyn gaunt qe ret mil moignes a un afilee, 
estencele cum carboun de chenvert, rampaunt cum esquiiel du 
boys, beaux cum chevaler, pleisaunt cum dame, fort cum toure, 
descendant cum foudre, ciliaunt cum fuge de charrete, poignant 
cujn aloyn de cordewaner, cler cum lerme de senge qe plort 
par force de vent do bise quant set sur croup de soraer, poy- 
soun au viiajTi, treacle a dame, E coment fait a boivre T un 
tenum, od un tendre flemyschele ellise cognule ryoJle, un 
soffle et descreve cum enifs qui ad la vorole* Eye, vin, boris 
es-tUj douz es-tu, mult des nielles fais-tu, nies quant tu les ad 
fait tu les peeses, ore tere ta bouche» si ma bcses, 





From MS« Porltingtcm, No. 10. «m. 4to. lec. 15. am fMipcr Tbln Song or 
Carol differs fh)m the two on the same sutgect printed in Eltaoo's AocieDt 
Sou^, p, I2G. 

Hey, hey, hey, hey, the borrys hede is armyd gay. 
The bons hede in houd I bryug, 
With garlund gay in porttoryng, 
I pray yow alle with me to synge, 

Lordys, knyjttes, and skyers. 
Persons, prystis, and wycars, 
The boris liede ys the fart mes. 

With hay. 

With hay. 

The boris hede, as I yow say. 

He takis his leyfe, and gotho his way, 

Gone after the xij. theyl ffyt day, 

With hay. 

Then commys in the secunde kowrs with mykylle pryde, 
The crannus, the hcyrroims, tlie byUuris by tber syde. 
The pertryehys and the plowers, the wodcokus and the 
€11 vl, 

With hay. , 

Larkys in lint schow, ladys for to pyk. 
Good drynk therto, lycyus and fjTie, 
Blwet of aihnayne, romnay and wyui, 

With hay. 

Gud bred alle and wyin dare I welle say, 

The boris bcde with miisterd annyd soo gay ; 

Furmante to pottage, with wennissan fyne/ 

And the Iwmbuls of the dow, and all that evercomoiis m.; 

Cappons i-bake, with the pesys of the roow, 

Reysons of corrons, with odyre spysis moo. 

It cuds abruptly Uiub mt the bottom of a page. 





Written apparently by flome citizGn of London, temp. Hen. VII. and 
lien. VI I L from MS. Veapaaian A, xx\, 

K. H. the vij. 

M. Remyngton, mayir; Then came yn my lady Kataryn, the 
kyngges doughter, of Castell, into Ingland. 

M. Schawe, mayir. Then was prince Arthur, the son of kyng 
H* the vij,, maryid unto my laJy Kataryn above said, at 
Polles ; and agaynst her commyng into London was many 
goodly pageantcs made in the citte, at Alhalowtide, when they 
weere maryid, 

M, Bartiimew Reede. Then dyid prynce Arthur above sayd, 

M. Capelle, mayir. Then was London Bridge a fyir. 

M. Wynggar, mayir* 

M. Kneisworth, mayir. Then came in dewke Philhp, of Bur- 
gon, agaynst his wille with tempasi of wethir, as he was goyng 
into Spayn. whiche afterward w^as kyng of Castelle- Then was 
Polles wetliir-cok blown doun. 

M. Haddon, mayir. 

M. Brown and M. Elmar, mayir. 

M. Jenyng^es, mayir. Then dyid K. H. the vij. the xxij, 
day of Aprelle; then did the duke of Yorkc, whiche was 

brothur imlo prynce Artur aforesayd, niary with my lady 
Kataryn Iii^ brodiers wife, and was crounyd botlie kyng and 
queue, on Midsomer day, Sonday next after following. 

K. H. the viij. 

M. Bradbery and M. Capell, nmyrs. Then was Richard 
Emson and Edmond Dudley, which was afore cliefe men with 
K. H. the vij., behedid at Touer hille, and then was pettc 
waals in Temmys strete a fyir, 

M. Kebylle, mayir, 

M. Arsscheley, mayir- 

M. Cepynger and M, Haddon^ mayrs. Then went K. H. 
the viij, into Ffraunce, with a grele pouer. Then the emprour 
that then was, whois name was Maximyajius, and aile hin oste, 
toke wages of our Kyng, and then was Torvvyn and Torney 
won and gevjai away anone after. Then came yn Kyng Jamys 
of Skotlond, with a grete powar, ffuU cowardly when our kyng 



was in Ffraunce, and was kyl Je for his labour. And on Bajmt 
Laurans day was the Regent of Ingland and the grete caricke 
of Fraunce burndj whichewas ij. the gretist shippes in Crisin* 

M. Brown and M. Tate, mayirs. 

M, Monox, mayr. 

M. Butlar, mayir. 

M. Rest, mayir. Then was tho lUc May-Jay, the comons of 

the citte and prentesis did rob and spoylle slrayngars; and 
then was in diverce places of the citte galous set up, and there 
was hanggid and quartarid. Then was Midsonier terme kept 
at Oxford a Etille w^hile, 

M. Exmew, mayir. 

M. Morfyn, mayr. Then was the Menoris burnd. 

M. Yarford, mayir. 

M. Brigges, mayir. Then was the Deuke of Buckynggarae 
behedid at Towr HiUe, the xvij. day of Maye, Fryday, and is 
beryd at freer Austens, 

M. Mylburn, mayr. Then came in the emprour Charlus* 
whiche was son of the Kyng of Castelle aforesayd* 

M* Mundy, mayir. Then came yn the Kyng of Denmark^ 
and his quene, and lay in the BLsshop of Bathis place, withoute 
Terapulle bar, and then was tho Roodes lost, 

M. Bawdre, mayir, 

M. Bayly, mayir. 

M. Allen, mayir, 

M, Semer, mayir. 

M- Spenser, mayir. Then was no watche kepte at Midsomer. 

M. Rudslone, mayir. 

M. Dodmoro, mayir. Then was the Cardenalle putc oute of 
his Chauncelarship» and Sir Thomas Moore Knyght, was made 
Chauncelar of Ingland, 

M. Pargetatj mayir. 

M. Lambart,mair, Then came in a grete ffisshe at Tynmouth. 

M. Pecok, mayir. Then was quene Kataryn lady douagear 
put aside ; then did the Kyng mary with my lady An Bullen, 
and crounyd her queene at Westminster on Witsonday, the 
fyrst day of June. 

M, Askew, mayir* Then was the holy mayde of Kent, ij. 
freers, ij. monkes, and the parson of Aldermary, drawn from 



the Touor to Tiburn, there hangid and licdid ; then was Mr. 
Doctor Taylar» prest, put oute of the Rolles, and Mr. Thomas 
CromwcUc, tcmporalle raan, made master of the Rolles and the 
Kyngges secretary, aod after that lord preve sele, and after 
that vicar generalle of alle Ifiglaiui and Knyght of the Gartar, 
and after that lord ChamburlayTi and Erile of Esex. 

M. Champney, mayir. Then was iij. monckes of the Chartar- 
houce of London, and the ffather of Syon, and a preest^ drawen 
from the Towr to Tiburn, ther hangid, hedid, and quartarid; and 
after that iij. monckes more of the Chartarhouce, and the Bissliop 
of Rochester, behedid at Tour hille on Midsoiner eve, i,s eve, 
and is beryid in Barkyng churcheyard, by the northe doore; 
and Sir Thomas Moore, Knyght and Chauncelar of Inglond, 
behedid at Tour hille, on Saynte Thomas eve after Midsomer, 
and was beryid within the Tour of London ; then the Kyng 
made bis owne hed to be pold, and many lordes and knyghtQs 
and alle the Corte. 

M. Allen, mayir, agayn twyis hole for hymselfe. Then dyid 
quene Kataryn aboute twelfetide, and was beryid in Petur- 
borow Abbey. The xvij, day of Maye was l)ehedid at Tour 
Mile, my Lorde Recheford, qucne Ans Brothur, and M. Noris, 
M. Weston, M. Breuton, and M. Marke for treson, and beryid 
alle in the Tour; the xix. day of Mnye was beheded within the 
Tour, apon a skaffold, quene An, and there was beryid. Then 
the kyng did mary with my lady Jane Semer. Then dyid the 
Kyngges bastard son, deuke of Rechemond, at saynt Jamys be 
yend Chary ng -)-* Then roos up the comons of Lyncolshere 
and of Yorkesheer, Then was dyverce balidays put doun, 
and then began the abbes to go down. 

M, Waren, mayir. Then was my lord Caret, the Erlles son 
of Kildare in Erlond, and v, of his unckulls, drawen from the 
Tour to Tiburo, there hanggid, hediJ, aud quartarid, the morow 
after Candilmas day, Satterday the xxv day of Maye. Fry- 
day, Inbir day, was sir John Browmer Knyght drawn from 
the Tour to Tiburn, there hanggid, and heJid, and his wife 
timt same our burnd in Smythleld, both for treson, and sir 
Hevyn Hamorton Knyght, and sir Nicolas Tempas, the abbot of 
Fountans, thepriour ofGisburgh, and doctor Pekeryng, drawn 
from the Tour to Tiburn, there hanggid, hedid, and quartarid, 
Tbe ij, day of June, Satterday, was sir Thomas Perci Knyght, 
oiy lorde Lumley, is son sir Ffraunces Beygot Knyglit, the 
abot of Jar vis, drawn from the Tour to Tyburn, ther hang- 
gid, hedid, and quartarid. On Saynt Peturs eve, was my 
lorde Husscy, and sir Robart ConstabuUe KnyglU, and M, 
Aske^ wliicfi was the hed capten of alle, sent home into the 
VOL, n, I. 

8t REUQt?!^ AKTtQU.E. 

norlhe centre, and there they suffred dethe, and M. Aske^ 
han^gid in York castell in cheynys. The last day of JiiMt' 
Satterday, was my lorde Darcy behedid at Tour hille. On 
Saynte Edwardes eve, Ffrydav, in the mornyng, was prince 
Edward boorn, ihe trewson of iC. H. the viij, and quene Jane, 
his mothur, in Hamton Cort^. His godffathurs was the dewke 
of Norfock, and the deuke of Suffocke, and the bisschop of 
Cauntnrbery, and his godmothur, was his owne sister, whiche 
was dooughter of quene Kaiaryn aforesayd. On Saynte Cris- 
pyns eve, Wensdav, dyid quene Jane in childbed, and is beryid 
in the castell of \Vynsor. 

M. Gressam, mayir. On Saynt Mathies day thapostulle, the 
xxiiij* day of February, Sonday, did the bisshop of Rochester 
preche at Polles Cros, and had standjTig afore hym alle his 
sermon tyme the pictur of the Roode of Grace in Kent, that 
had byn many yeris in the abbey of Boxley in Kent and was 
gretely sought with pilgryms, and when he had made an ende 
of his sermon, the pictor was toorn alle to peces ; then was the 
pictour of Saynte Saviour, that had stand in Barmsey abbey 
many yeris in Sowthwarke, takyn down. The xxij, day of 
May, Wensday, was there setup in Smythfeld, iij. skaffoldes, 
then one was for my lord mayir and aldyrmcn, and the deuke 
of Norfock, the deuke of Suffocke and my lord preve sele, and 
the tothir for the bisshop of Worcetter, wheeron he stoode and 
preche, and the third skaffold was made over agaynst tlie 
bisshop, where on stode doctor Fforrest, a grave freer of Grene- 
witche, at Polles Crosse, and beside hym was there a pictour 
set up, that was brought oute of Walis that was callid Dervelle 
Gadern, and a Utille beside that, a payr of galous set up, and 
when the bisshop had made an end of his sermon, then was the 
freer had to the galous, and hanggid alive by the myddyll^ and 
the arrays with chaynys, and there bumd, and the pictour cast 
into thefyir to. Then was the pictour of our lady ol Worcetter 
brought to London. Then was the rode that stode in Saynt 
Margit Pattens Churcheyard takyn awaye, which had stonde 
there xxxv, yere and more, and withyn a litille while after, 
there was bumd on a nyght over agaynst the same churche, a 
grete mayne of housis. Tht n was the pictor of our lady of 
Walsynggame whiche was the grettist pilgremage in alle In- 
glaTid, brought to London. Then was the rode of NorLhor and 
Saynt Unckumbur, that stode in Polles many yeris, takyn down, 
and Our Lady of Grace that had stond in Polles many yers. 
Then was Saynt Thomas schryne of Canterbury, take down, 
whiche had byn many yeris a grete pilgremage. Then was 
every man, woman, and child, commaundid to lerne ther patar 
noster, ave, and crede, in EngUssche. Then hit was com- 



mauodid that no light shuld be set in churchis afore bo image, 
but all take awaye. 

M. Fformaii, roayir. Then was the monckes of the Chartar- 
house, and alle the freers in London, put oute of ther housis. 
The ix. day of Disscmbar, Monday^ was bchcddid at Tour 
Hille the erUc of Devensheer, othurwj'is callid Markes of 
Excetter, whiche was nye k)Ti unto the kjTige and my lorde 
Muntegewe and Sir Edward Nevelle^ knyght. The viij. day 
of Maye, Thursday, did all tlie citte of London every house- 
holdar hymselfe, and every servant that he had that was par- 
sonabulle, had harncs les or more, and white cotes and a red 
crose, and a swerd set apon the cote, bothe behynd and be- 
fore, and alle the chcfe men had ther cotes some of white satten 
and som of white damaske, and crossis and swerdes upon I hem, 
as alle the tolhir had ; then went they alle, and niy lorde 
mayir, and alle the aldirmen, to Myle-ond withoute Algate, 
in the tnornyog, and there they weere set forthe, be tive in a 
ray, with standardes born afore them, and drounslates playing 
afore them alle the way, and they weerdevided iniiij. battelles 
with bowls, gonnys, mores, pikes, and billes, and so came 
thorow alle the Citte and thorow alle Westmynster, andaboute 
alle the newe parkc, and came homwarde by Saynt Jamys, 
and so over the feldes, and thorow Hoi burn, and so home agayn; 
and the kyng stode at Westmynster over the new gate, and 
saw them alle from the begynnyng to the endyng. Then was 
no watche kepte at Midsomer, The ix. day of July, Wensday, 
was beheddid at Tour Hille, sir Andry Fibskew Knyght, and 
a Knyght of the Roodes. Then did the bisship of Worcetter, 
whois name was Latemar, geve up his bisshiprike to the kyng, 

M» Hollys, mayin The iijde* day of Jenyver, Satterday, did 
the kyng, and alle the noblis of the reme, and the mayir, and 
alle the aldirmen in ther best araye, and every craft in ther 
best araye, went down in ther barees to Grenwitche, and every 
barge as goodly drest as they coude device, with stremars and 
baiuiars, and ther the kyng did mete and reseve on Blacke- 
heth my Lady An^ the deukes doughter off Kleve, and made 
her queene of Inglond. The xxviij* day of July, Wensday^ 
was behedid at Tower hille, Thomas Cromwelle, whiche that 
had byn afore master of the Rolles, and after that tlie Kynges 
secretary, and after that vicar generalle, Knyght of the Gartar. 
Erlle of Esex, and lord Chamburlaynof Ingland; and my lord 
Hunggnrford was beheddid theer that same tyme too. The 
XXX daye of July, Fryday, was there drawn from the Tower 
to Smydifeld vj ' doctors, iij\ of them was burnd and the tothir 
iij, was hanggid and quartarid; they that were burnd, ther 
namys wecr doctor Barns, doctor Caret, parson of Honny* 


lane, doctor Jherom, vicar, of Stepney; and ther natnys that 
was quartarid, doctor PowelJe, doctor Abelle, and doctor 
Felhurslone; and the heddes of my lord Croumwell, and my 
lorde Hungurford, weer set up on London bridge, and ther 
bodyis beryid in the Tour. This same yere was quene An, the 
dewkes doughter of Kleve aforesaid, pute aside. The viij. day 
of August, Sonday, did the kyng mare with ray lady Kataryn 
Haward, the deuke of Norfocke his brntliiirs doughter, and 
made her quene of Ingland, That yere dyid my lorde of Saynt 
Jhons in his bed, whoU name was William Weston ; and that 
yere was new sargeantes of the queff made and kepte ther 
ffeste at Saynt Jhons. That summer was a hoote, and drye, 
and of grete dethe, and greete of the agew. 

M. Roche, mayir. That wynter, was a verj' coldc wynter, 
as was many yeris afore. The xwij. day of May, Fryday, 
was the countea of Salisbery beheddid within the Tower. 

The xxviij, day of June, Tcwisday^ was my lorde Lenard 
Markes behedid at Tower hille* The xxix. day of June, Wens- 
day, Saynt Peturs day, was my lord Dakars of the southe led 
betwene bothe the scherevis of London afote from the Tower 
to Tiburn, and there was he hanggid. Tliat yere the kyng 
rode in progrece to Yorke, and all the contr^ aboute* That 
yere wa^ take doun the loyt in Folles, whereyn stode the roode 
of Northor and Saynt ArLuollcs Schryme in Poiles, and Saynt 
Edwardes schryne at Westminster, and the said lord Dakars 
above saide was beryid iii Saynt Pov\lkurs Churche, and the 
said lord Dakars was hanggid for robbr6 of the kyngges deer, 
and murther of the kepars* 


M, Dormor, mair, the x. day of Dessember, Satterday, was 
M. Cowlpeppir and ]VL Duran drawn from the Tower to 
Tiburn. Cowlpeppiir was heddid, and Duran was hanggid 
and quartarid, bothe them for playng the harlotte with queen 
Kalaryn that then was. 

The xiij. day of Febreuary, Monday , was queene Kataryn 
and my lady Recheford behedid, bothe in the towr of London ; 
the xvij. day of Marche, Friday, was a mayde boyUl in Smyth* 
feld, in a grete led, far poysenynfr of many that she had doon. 
This yere came oute of Erlond the erlle of Desmond, and the 
grete Aneel and othur lordes of Erlond, and did submyt them- 
Helfe to our kyng; and this yere the dewke of Norfocke and 
othur erlles and lordes with a grete army of men into Skotland, 

This yere^was Chouncerc*-lane, and Ffayter-lane, and Scho- 
lane, alle thorow pavid* And this yere was the new chamburs 
in Tempulle garden. And alle this summer was a colde 
summer and wete. 


M. Gotes, mayir. Then came into Inglond kjnge Jatnys of 
Skothinil, with a pouar of men, after Alhalow tide, and one 
John a Musgrave, with his company, met with hym, and in 
that skyrmysche the kyng was hurte or drounde ; and there 
was takyn of the Skottes xxj. or xxiij. personars, that is to 
say, ij. erlles, vj, brdes, and alle the othur kiiyghtes and jen- 
tiiraen, and they were brought to the kyng, to London, the 
xix* day of Dessember. In the monthe of July the kyng did 
mary with my lady Kataryn Latemer, wedow, and made her 
queen; and this wynter was a colde wynter, hit began afore 
Cristmas and lastid tell Ester Monday, of and on, and of grete 
dethe, and parte of Mighellmas terrae was kopte at Saynt 
Albons, How be hit that M. Bowear was at that tyme rnayifj 
for the terme begain after Alhalow tide, bycause of the grete 
dethe that was the sommer before. 

M. Bowear and M. Waren, mayrs. This yere dyid in his 
bed at Crichurch, sir John Audeley, lorde Chauncelar of Ing- 
lond, and M. Bowear beyng mayir. This yere was moche 
harm doon in Skotland^ as Edynborow and othur townys 
burnd and spoylid; and this yere the suffragis that longgid to 
the lateny w as songe in Englissche toung ; and this yere the 
kyng, in the monthe of July, went into Pfraunce wilh a gret 

fowar of men. And this yere was the yere of our lord God, 
544, and the xxxvj. yere of the reng of kyng Hary ihe viij. 
And this yere was Bullcn won and gevyn up ; and this yere 
was the angelle nobulle reysyd to viij* s. 

M, Lax ton, mayir. This yere was Jhesos stepulle, that 
stode in PoUes churche yerde, take down, and no watchckepte 
at Midsomer, nor Midsomer terme kepte* The xxij, day of 
August, dyid in his bed, in Gilford, the dewke of Suffocke, 
whois name was Charles Brandon. The xij. day of Septera- 
bar, Satterday, in the mornyng, about five of the kJocke, was 
Saynte Jylis churche burnd, belles and alle, withoute Crepille 
gate. The viij. day of Octobar, Thursday ^ at nyght, aboute 
vij. a klok, was a ship of a nothur cuntre burnd at Blacke- 
walle, thorow myseforlune of fyir. 

M. Bowser, This yere dyid my lorde Bawdwyn, chefe 
justise of the Common place* Then did my lorde Muntegew, 
whiche was chefe justise of the Kyngges beuche, make labour 
for to be chefe justise of the Commen place, and so he was ; 
then was my lorde chefe baarnof the Kyngg's Exchekcr, whois 
name was Lister, made chefe justise of the Kynngs benche 
and sargeant, alle oooe day, the day the ix. day of November, 
Monday, in the yere of our lorde God xv C. xlv. in the xxxvij. 
yere of the reng of K. H. the viij. 



From M9. Sloftne, 1785j of the Fotirteetith ceutury. 

De latrodiiio maiu/esia* 

Aperte thefte dos he that man. 
That thorou sle.glii aperily stele cBSi, 
And hauntis of that foly^ 
To susteyiie hym and his therby ; 
He were wort he, as I uTiderstond, 
To be hanged thorou lawe of lond. 
A pryve thefte dos he this, 
That takes ou;jt that is not his, 
And holdesi it pry vely as his owen, 
And ^ut is he for trewe man k no wen ; 
But whether he take more or le^se, 
A pryve thefte he that es ; 
Bat al if he here befor trew kid, 
Fro Gofl may not that theft be bid ; 
And if he scape her the law of londe, 
To Gods law hym behoves stonde. 
For whan his soule is he then itemed, 
Tborou Gods law he slial be demed, 
And parchannce to cndles payne, 
But be ^elde it here agayne. 
A covert thefte dos lie in case, 
Wicli kepynge of bis lordis gcxidi^s hase. 
Asbailyfes, sergeaunt ofgrayve, 
That faltes bis lordis rent receyve ; 
And bisacountesrecken les 
The rect^ytes than the spence es; 
So sleghly he can his acountes sette, 
Thai bis lordc rennes in his dette, 
And putteshymself to avauntage, 
Tbei c be sbuld be in are rage. 
So slegbly steles his Ion! is rente, 
Methinke he were worthi to be sfient. 
Jette tborow colour of bis offyce. 
He hauntes a>verly this vice, 
Avauntage of other men to take, 
With falce sleylhes that he can make; 
Thus can he covertly stele, 
And jitte it semys that be were lele. 
But jif he west what be were worthi, 
For seche dedis he aujt be sory. 


Also a jife schuld honour slonde. 
That takes the goodes of hyre husbond, 
A^ayne his leve or his wylle. 
She stelis that good and dos ful ille ; 
Or he that is a man of religlouse, 
That tak ys the godis of his house, 
Witoutyn leve of hh soverayne, 
Ho stehs thoo goodys for certayiie ; 
For wyfe ne man of religioun, 
Of thoo goodis that ar comoun. 




Froia MS. HarL 1370| of the icventecnih cenltiiy. 

I have been io debt, in love, and in drinke, 

This many, many yeare ; 
And those three plagues were enough on would thirtke. 

For any mortall to beare. 

'Twas love made me fall into drinke. 

And drinke made me run into debt; 
And although I have strugled and strugled and strove, 

Yet I cannot get out of them yet, 

Tis mony that only can ctire me. 
And ease me of my paine ; 

Itt will pay of all my debtSi 
And remove all my letts. 
And my mistris that could not indure me, 
Would love me and love me againe, 
And then Td fall to lovinge and drinkingc amaine. 



Prom MS* HarL 13! 7, of llie time <>f Henry the Eighth. It appears to he 


Wep no more for me, swethart, 

Wepe no more for me ! 
As sharpe as a dart 
Hathe peryslU my hart. 

That yo shod niorne for me. 


Upon a momyng of May, 
In the mornyng grey, 

I walkyd plesantly, 
To a garden gren. 
So fresh be-sen. 

That joy hyt was to se. 

Ther walkyd I, 
Al so burly, 

Musynge myselffe alone ; 
Tyll sodenly 
I blenkyd my ny, 

Wher I spyyd wone. 

Whych in gret payne, 
Methowt sarteyne, 

Hyt semyd that he was ; 
Hys gowne al blake 
Apon hys bake, 

Lyke lede hys colore was. 


From MS. Sloane, No. 1210, of the fifteenth centuiy. 

fol. 126, r<>. Characteristics of the Montht. 

Januarius Febmarius Martins 

Poto, ligna cremo, de vite superflua demo, 

Aprilis Mains Jnnius 

Do gramen gratum, mihi servit flos, mihi pratum, 

Julius Augustus September 

Foenum declino, segites tero, vina propino, 

October Norember December 

Semen humo jacto, mihi pasco sues, mihi macto. 

fol. 134, J*. Proverbial Sayings. 

Qworle in tho qwew go lyghtly, 
Qwene I was a jong man so dyd I. 
Gira in algore leniter, 
Quum fui juvenis ita feci. 

Tho smallere pese tho mo to the pott; 
Tho fayrere woman tho more gyglott. 
Quo graciles pisee plures ofTendimus ollae ; 
Quo mage formosa mulier mage luxuriosa. 





The roilowmg piece, wliicti riiiTers u It! tie rmm tUe e^^Jvy giv«n in our first 
voltmie) p 1269, was printed from a difl'ereiU MS. by Thomiw lleanie^ in the 
Introduction to the flflh volume of LetuTjd'g Uinerttry* 

flere sueih the properlees of the sky res of Enffelond. 

The propyrt^ of every shyre 

I slial you {pile, and ye will here, 

Herefordshire, sheeltl and spere; 

Worsetershire, wryng pore, 

Gloucetershire, sho and oayle; 

Brystowe, shippe and sayle. 

Oxenfordshire, gyrde the mare; 

Warwykshire, bynde be re. 

London, resortere ; 

Sowtherey> gret bragere. 

Esex, ful of good hoswyfes \ 

Middlesex, ful of stryvcs. 

Kentshire, hoot as fire; 

Sowseks, ful of dyrt and my re. 

Hertfordshire, ful of wode; 

Huniyngdonshire, corn ful goode. 

Bedfordshire is nought to lakke ; 

Bokynghamshire is his maakke. 

Norlhamptorishire, ful of love, 

Benethe the gyrdyll and noth above, 

Lancastreshire, fay re arc he re j 

Chestreshire, thwakkere. 

North urn brelond, haMy and hoot; 

Westinerlond, tprut Scottc. 

Yorkshire, ful of knyghlys; 

Cambrygcshire, ful oi pykes; 

Holond. ful of grete dykes, 

Northfolk, ful of wylea ; 

Southfulk, ful of styles, 

I aoi of Sliropshire, my shines be sharpe, 

Ley ^^ode to tlie tyre* and dresse me my harpe, 

Notynghamshirc, ful of bogges ; 

Derbyshire, ful of dogges. 

Leycetershire, ful of benys ; 

Staffordshire, ful of quenys. 

Wilkshire, fayre arul playne; 

Barkshyre, fyll the wayne. 



Hampshire, drye and wete ; 

Soraorsetshire, ^ood for whete, 
Dcivenshire, niy^^lity and stronge; 
DorstHeshire wil have no wronge. 
Pynnokshire is not to prayse, 
A man may go it in to dayes. 
Conievvaylei ful of tynne; 
Walys, full of gtxite and kene. 
That Lord that for us all dydc dye 
Save all thesf shire:* ! Amen, say we. 



From a MS. volume of EngU^h Sermons, written ut Ibe latter eml of the 
fourteenth centur)', and now preserved in the libmry of St. Martiu'a-iii-lhe- 
Ffelds, London. 

Mere bigynnis a iretise of miraclis plei/mffe, 

Knowe jee, Cristen meUi timt as Crist God and man is bothe 
weye, trewth, and lif, asseith the gospel of Jon, wcye to the 
errynge, trewth to the unknowyng and doulyng, lif to the strytige 
to hevene and weryinge, so Crtst dude notliinge to us bttt 
cffiectuely in weye of mercy, in treuthc of ritwesnes, and in hf 
of 3ildyng everlastyngc joye for oure continuely morning and 
soTwynge in this valey of teeres. In myraclis therfore that 
Crist dude heere in erthe, outher in hymsilf outher in hise 
seyntis, weren socfcctuel and in ernest done, that to synful men 
that erren thei brou^ren foriyvcnesse of synne, settynge hem 
in the weye of rijt beleve ; to doutouse men not stedefast^ thei 
hrou^ten in kunnyng to betere plesen God and verry hope in 
God to been stcciefast in hyra ; and to the wery of the weye of 
God, for the grette penannce and suffraunce of the trybulacioun 
that men moten have therinne, thes broujten in love of bryn- 
nynge charite, to the whiche alle thing is lijt, nnd he to suffere 
dcthe, the whiche men most dreden, for the everlastjTige lyf and 
joye tliat men moste loven and disiren, of the whiche thing verry 
hope puttilh awey alle werines^je heere in tl^e weye of God. 
Thanne sythen myraclis of Crist and of hyse seyntis weren 
thus effectuel, as by oure btleve we ben in certeyn, no roan 
&hulde usen in bourde and pleye the myraclis and werkis thai 
Crist f=o ernystfully wroujte to oure helye; for whoevere so doth, 
he crrith in the by 1 eve, reversith Crist, and scomyth God. He 
errith in the bileve, for in that he takith the most precious 
werkis of God in pley and bourde, and so takith his name in 


idil,and so mysasilh oure bileve. A! Lord! sythen an erthely 
servaunt dar not taken in pley and in bourde that that her 
erthely lord takith in emest, myche more we shuldeo not rnaken 
oure pleyc and bourde of tho myraclis and w^erkis that God so 
ernestfuily wrouft to us; for sothely whan we so done, drede to 
synne is taken awey, as a servaunt whan he boiirditb with his 
mayster leesith his drede to offeiidyn hym, namely, whanne he 
bourdith with his mayster in that and that his mayster takith 
in ernest. Andri^t as a nayl smyten in holJith two thingis to- 
gidere, so drede smyten to Godward holditli ami susteyneth 
oure bileve to hym. Therefore rijt as pleyinge and bourdynge 
of the moit ernestful werkis of God takith aweye the drede of 
God that men shulden han in the same, so it takith awey oure 
bileve and so oure moste helpe of oure salvacioun. And sith 
lakyng awey of cure bileve i*^ more venjaunce takyng t!ian 
sodeyn takyng awey of oure bodily lif ; and whanne we taken 
in bourde and pley the most ernestful w^erkis of God, as ben 
hyse myraclis, God takith awey fro us his grace of mekenesse, 
drede, reverence, and of oure bileve ; thanne whanne we pley in 
his myraclis as men don nowe on dayes, God takith more ven- 
jaunce on us than a lord that sodaynly sleeth his servaunt fur 
he pleyide to homely with hym; and rijt as that lord thanne in 
dede seith to his servaunt, "pley not with me, but pley with 
thi pere/* so whanne we taken in pley and in bourde the my- 
raclis of God, he fro us takynge his grace seith more ernestfuily 
to us than the forseid lord, "pley not with me, but pley with 
thi pere'*- Therefore siche myraclis plc} inge reversith Crist; 
firsle, in takynge to pley that that he toke into most ernest; 
the secound, in takyng to myraclis of oure fleysh, of oure Justus, 
and of oure fyve wittis, that that God tooc to the bryngyng in 
of his bitter deth, and to techyng of penaunse dovnge, and to 
fleyinge of fedyng of oure wittis, and to mortifiyng of hem. 
And iherfore it ls that seyntis myche noten that of Crislis lawth- 
yng we redcn never in Holy Writt, but of his myche pe- 
naunse, teris, and schedynge of blod, doyng us to witcn therby 
that aile oure doyng heere shulde ben in penaunce, in disci- 
ply nyng of oure fleyssh, and in penaunce of adversite, and 
theribre alle the werkis that we don and ben out of a!le ihes 
thre utturly reverseu Cristis werkis, and therfore seith seynt 
Poul, **^at jif 3ee beenoutof disciplyneof the wliiche alle gode 
men ben maad perceveris, thanne avoutreris ^ee ben and not 
sones of God/' And sith myraclis pleynge revet sen penaunce 
doying, as thei in greet likyng ben don and to grete likyng ben 
cast biforn, there as penaunce is in gret mournyng of hert and 
to greet mournyng is ordeynyd biforne, it also reversith dis- 
sipline, for in verry discipline the verry voys of oure mayster 
Crist is herd, as a scoler herith the vois of his mayster ; and the 





werd of God in the bond of Crist is seyn^ in the whiche si^t alle 
oure othcre thre wittis for dredc trembly n and quaken as a 
cliilde trembhth seyng the jerde of his mayster; and the thridde 
in verry dissipline is verry turnyng awey and fonetyng of alle 
tho thingis that Crist haUth and turnyde hymsilf awey heere, 
as a chi[l]de uijdir dissipline of his mayster turnith hym awey 
fro alle things that his mayster hath forbedun hym, and furjetith 
hem lor the greet mynde that he hath to done his maystris wUle^ 
And for thes thre writilh seynt Petur seyinge, *'Be ^ee mekid 
undur the myjly bond of God, that be henhaunce you in the 
tyme of visityng all ^oure bisinesse tbrovvynge in hym". That 
is ; he ^ee mekid, that is to Crist, herynge his voyce, by verry 
obeschaunce to his hcstis ; VLud tmdur (he mi/itt/ hond of God, 
seeing cvere more his jird to chastisen us in his houd }if wee 
waxen wantownor idi!, bethenkyng us, seith seynt Petre, that 
** hydous and ferful it is to fallen into the hondis of God on 
ly vc;'* for ri^t as most joye it is to steyen up into the bond of 
the mercy of God, so it is most hydous and ferful to fallen into 
the liondis of the wrathe of God. Therfore mekely drede we 
hym lieere evere more seynge and thenkyuge bis lerde overe 
oure hcvyd, and thanne lie shal eidiauucyn us eilis where in 
tyme of his graceous visityng. So that alle oure bysinesse we 
thi'owyn hi hym, that is, that alle othere erlhely werkis we 
don, not bitt to don his gostly werkis, more frely and spedely 
and more plesaunlly to hym trrstyng, that to hym is cure over 
us, that is, |if we don to byni that that is in oure power he 
schal murvelously don to us that that is in bis power, bothe in 
dely veryng us fro alle ptrilis and in y'vyng us graciously al 
that us ueuith or willen axen of hym; and sythen no man may 
serven two lordis togydere, as srith Crist in bis gospel, no man 
may heren at oiiys efectuely the voyce nf oure mayster Crist 
and of bis owne lustis* And sylhcn myrarlis pleyinge is of 
tho lustis of the lley^sh and my r the of tlje body, no man may 
efectuely heeren hem and the voyce of Crist at onys, as the 
voyce of Crist and the voyce of tlie lleysh ben of two contra- 
rioijs lordis; and so myraclis pleyng reversith discipline, for as 
seith Soynt Poul, **ecbe forsolhe disciphne in the tyme that 
is now IS not a joye but a mournynge"* Also sitben it makith 
to se veyne sijtis of degvi^e, aray of men and wymmen by yvil 
contmaunse, eyther stiryng othcre to Ictcherie and of debatis, as 
aftir most Ixnldy myrthe comen raostc debatis, as siche myrthe 
more undisposilh a man to paciencie and ablith to glotonye 
and to olhere vicis, wherfore it suffrith not a man to be holden 
enterly the jerde of God over his heved, but makith to them 
ken oil alle siche thingis that Crist by the dedis of his pas- 
sion badde us to forjeten. Wherefore siche myraclis pleyinge, 
bifthe in penaunce doyng, in verry disciphne, and in pacience, 

RELIQULfi ANTiatJ^* 45 

revcrsyn Cristis hestisand hisdedts. Also, siche m ymclis ploying 
is scornyng of God, for ri^t as erneslful levyng of that that God 
Liddith is dispising of God, as dide Pharao» so boardfully ta- 
kyng Goddis biddyiige or wordisor wcrkis is scornyng of nym, 
as dyden the Jew is that hobbiden Crist, Thaniie sylhen thes 
myracUs pleyens taken in bourde the ernestfyl werkis of God, 
no donte that thei ne scornen God» as didden the Jewis that 
bobbiden Crist, for thei lowen at his passioun as these lowyn 
and japen of the myraclis of God. Therfore as thei scorncdeii 
Crist, so thcese scorne God, and ri^t as Pharao wroolh to do 
that that God bad hym dispiside God, so lliese myraclis pley- 
eris and raayntenours, leevyoge plesingly to do that God biddith 
hem, scornen God. He forsothe hath beden us a lie to halowyn 
liis name, jyvyng drede and reverence in alle mynde of his 
werkis, vviihoute ony pleyng orjapynge, as al holynesse is in ful 
ernest men. thanne pleyinge the name of Goddis iniradis, as 
plesyngly thei leeve to do that God biddith hem, so thei scornen 
his name and so scornyn hym. 

But here a^en is thei seyen that thei pleyen tliese myraclis 
in the worschip of God, and so dyden not these Jewis that 
bobbiden Crist. Also, ofle sitbis by siche myraclis pleyinge 
ben men convertid to gode lyvynge, as men and wynimen 
seyng in myraclis pleyinge that the devil by ther aray, by 
the which thei moven eche on olhere to lecrherie and to pride, 
makith hem his servayntis to hryngen hemsilf and many othcre 
to helle, and to ban fer more vylenyc herafter by ther proude 
aray heere than tliei ban worschipe hcero, and seeynge fer- 
ihermore that al this wordly beyng heere is but vaniie for a 
while, as Ls myraclis pleymg, wherthoru thei leeven ther 
pride and taken to hem afterward the meke conversacioun of 
Crist and of his seyntis, and so myraclis pleyinge turneth men 
to the biieve, and not pervert it h. Also, ofte sy this by siche my- 
racUs pleyinge men and wymmen, seynge the passiounof Crist 
and of hise seyntis, ben raovyd to compassion and devociun, 
wepyn^^e bitere teris, ihanne thei ben not scornynge of God but 
worschipyng. Also, prophitable to men and to the worschipe of 
Grt^d it is to fulfillun and sechen aile the menes by the whiche 
men mowen seene synne and drawen hem to vertues; and sythen 
as ther ben men tlmt only by ernestful doynge wylen be con- 
vertid to God, so ther been othere men that wylen be convertid 
to God but by gainen and pley ; and now on dayes men ben not 
convertid by the ernestful doyng of God ne of men, thanne now 
it is tyme and skilfiil to assay en to convertyn the puple by 
pley and gamen, as by myraclis pleyinge and other maner 
myrtliis. Also, summe recreatioun men moten ban, and bettere 
it 13 or lesse y vele that thei ban theyre recreacoun by pleyinge 




of myracHs than bi pleyinge of other japis. Also, sithen it is 
leveful to han the myraclis of God ppyntid, why is not as wel 
leveful to han the myracHs of God pleyed, sythen men mowen 
bettere reden the wille of God and his mervelous werkis in the 
pleyinge of hera than in the peyntynge, and betere thei ben 
holden in mennus mynde and oftere rehersid by the pleyinge 
of hem than by the peyntynge, for this is a deed bok, the toLher 
a qu[i]ck. 

To the first reson we answeryng seying that siche myraclis 
pleyinge is not to the worschipe of God, for thei ben don 
to ben seen of the world and to plesyn to the world 

inn re 

thanne to ben seen of God or to plesyn to hym; a^ Crist never 
ensauniplide hem but onely hetJiene men that everemore dis* 
honour en God, seyinge that to the worschipe of God, that is 
to the most velenye of hym ; thcrfore as the wickidnesse of the 
misbileve of hethene men lyith to themsilf whanne thei seyn 
that the worsliipyng of theire maumetrie is to the worschipe of 
God, so mennnus lecherye now on dayes to han ther owT\e 
lustus lieth to hemself, whanne thei seyn that stiche miracles 
pleiyng is to the worschip of God, For Crist seilh that folk of 
avoutrie sechen siche syngnys, as a lecchour sechith signes of 
verrey love, but no dedis of verrey love ; so sithen thise myra- 
clLs pleyinge ben onely syngnis of love withoute dedis, thei ben 
not onely contrarious to the worschipe of God, that is bofhe in 
signe and in dede, but also thei ben gyniiys of the devvel to 
cacchen men to bylcve of Anti-Crist, as wordis of love withoute 
verrey dede ben gynnys of the lecchour to cacchen felawchipe 
tn fulfiUynge of his leccherie* Bothe for these myraclis pleyinge 
been verrey leesyng, as thei ben sygnis withoute dede, and for 
thei been verrey idilnesse, as thei taken the myraclis of God in 
idil after their ovviie lust, and certis idilnesse and leesyng been 
the most gynnys of the dyvul to drawen men to the byleve of 
Anti-Crist, and therfore to pristis it is uttirly forbedyn not onely 
to been myracle pleyere but also to heren or to seen myraclis 
pleyinge^ lest he that shulde been the g^^nneof God to cacchen 
incii antl to holden men in the bileve of Crist, thei ben maad 
ajonward by ypocrisie the gyn of the devel to cacchen men to 
the bileve of Anti-Crist, Therfore ri^t as a man swerynge in 
ydil by the names of God, and seyinge that in that he wor- 
schipith God and dispisith the devyl, verryly lyinge doth the 
reverse, so myraclis pleyrrs, as thei ben doers of ydil ness^e sey- 
inge that thei don it to tiie worschip of God, vcrreyly lyyn; for 
as seith the gospel, '* not he that seilh, LorrJ ! Lord ! schal come 
to blissc of heven, but he that doth the wille of the fiidir of 
hevene schal come to his kyndam**; so myche more not he that 
pleyith the wille of God worschipith bym^ but onely he thai 



doith his wille in deede worschipith hym. Ri^ttherfore as men 
by leynyd tokenes bygilen and in dede dispisen ther ney^boris, 
so by siche feynyd myraclis men bygylen hemsilf and dispisen 
God, as the tormentoiirs that bobbiden Crist, 

And as anentis the second reson, we seyen that ri^t as a 
vertuous deede is othere while occasioun of y vel, as was the 
passioun of Crist to the Jewis, but not occasioun jyven but 
taken of hem, so yvele dedis ben occasioun of gode dedis 
otherewhile, as was the synne of Adam occasioun of the comyng 
of Crist, but not occasion jyven of the synne, but occasion 
tokin of the grete mercy of God, the same wise myraclis pley- 
inge, albeit that it be synne, is othere while occasion of conver- 
tyngof men, but as it is synne it is fer more occasion of pervert- 
yng of men, not onely of oon synguler persone but an hool 
coraynte, as it makith al a puple to ben ocupied in veyn ajenus 
this heeste of the Psauter Book, that seith to alle men and 
namely to pristis that eche day reden it in ther servyse, *'Turne 
awey myn eyen that ihei se not v any tees/' and efte, " Lord, 
thou halistde alle waytynge vanytees," How thanne may a 
prist pleyn in entiriodies, or ^yve hymsilf to the sijt of hem I 
sythen it is forbeden hym so expresse by the forseyde heste of 
God ; namely, sythen he cursith eche day in his service alle tho 
that bowen awey fro thehestis of God ; but alas! more harme 
is, pristis now on dayes most shrewyn hcrnsilf and al day, as 
ma[n]y that al day crieth ** watte, shrewe !" shrew^ynge hymsilf. 
Thertore niyracUs pleyinge, sythen it is a3enus the heest of 
God, that biddith that thoushalt not take Goddis name in ydil^ 
it is a^enus oure bileve, and so it may not jyven occaciouu of 
turnynge men to the bileve but of pervertyng; and therfore 
many men wenen that ther is no belle of everlaptynge peyne, 
but that God doth but thretith us and not to do it in dede, eis 
ben pleyinge of miraclis in sygne and not in dede. Therfore 
siche myraclis ploying not onely pervertith oure bileve but oure 
verrey hope in God, by the whiche seyntis hopiden that the more 
thei absteneden hem fro siche pleyes, the more mede thei shuld 
then have of God; and therfore the holy Sara, the doubter of Ra- 
guel, hopynge heie mede of God, sfith, "Lord, thou woost that 
ncvere y coveytide man, and clene y have kept myselfe fro all 
lustis, nevere with pleyf ris y-myngid me mysilfe ;" and by 
this trwe confessioun to God, as she hopide, so sche hadde hir 
preyeris herd and grete mede of God ; and sythen a jonge 
womman of the Olde Testament, for kepyng of hir lK>dily vertue 
of cha.slitc and for to uorthily take the sacrament of matri- 
monye whanne liir tyme shulde come, abstenyde hir fro al 
maner ydil pleying and fro al cumpany of idil pleyeris; mychen 
more a prist of the Newe Testament, that is passid the tyme of 



childehod, and that not onely shulde kepe chastity but alle 

others vertues, ne oiiely mynystren the sacrament of inatrimo- 
nye but alle oLiiere sacramentis, and namely sythen hyrn owith 
to mynystre to alio the puple the precious body of Crist, aw^te 
to abstene hym fro al ydil pleying bothe of myraclys and ellis. 
For cerlis sythen the quen of Saba, as seivh Crist in the Gospel, 
schal damprie the Jewis that wolden not resey ve the wisdom of 
Crista myche more this holy womman Sara at the day of doin 
schal darapnen the pristis of the Newe Testament that jyvis 
hem to pleyes, Teversen her holy maners aprovyd by God and 
al holy chirche; therfore sore au^len pristis to be ascnamyd that 
reversen this godc holy womman and the precious body of Crist 
that thei trey tyn in ther hondis^ the wliiche body never jaf hym 
to picy but to alle siche thing as is most contrarious to pley, as 
is penaunce and suffryng of persecution* And so thes myradis 
pleyirige not onely reversith feith and hope, but verry cnarit^, 
by the ^^'hichc a man shulde weylen for his owne sjTine and 
for his neycburs, and namely pristis; for it withdrawith not 
onely oon persone but alle the puple fro dedis of charile and 
of penaunce into dedis of lustis and lik thingis, and of fedyng 
of houre wittis. So thanne thes men that seyen *' pley we a 
plcy of Anti-Crist and of the day of dome, that sum man may 
be convertid iherby/* fallen into the hercsie of hem that re- 
versyng the aposteyl and seyden, "do we yvel thingis that ther 
corny n gode thingis/*of whom, as seith the aposteyl, dampnyng 
is flatwise. 

By this we answeren to the thridde resound seyinge that 
siche myraclis plevinge jyvelh noon occcasioun of verrey 
wepynge and nedeful, but the wepyng that falHth to men and 
wymmen by the si^te of siche myraclis pleyinge, as thei ben 
not principaly for theire oune synues ne of tneire gode feith 
withinne sorye, but more of theire si^t withoute. Sory is not 
alowable byfore God, but more reprowable ; for sythen Crist 
hymsilf reprovyde the wymmen that wepten upon hym in Ids 
passioun, myche more tliei ben reprovable that wepen for the 
pley of Cristis passioun, leevynge to wepen for the synnes of 
hemsilf and of theire chyldren, as Crist bad the wymmen that 
wepten on hym* 

And by tliis we ansvv^eren to the furthe resen, seyinge 
that no man may be convertid to God but onely by the ernest- 
ful doyinge of God, and by noon veynpleying; for that that the 
word of God worcluth not, ne his sacrametitis, how shulde pley- 
inge worchen, that is of no vertue but ful of dtfaute. Therfore 
rijt as the wepyng thnt men wepen ofie in siche pley comunely 
is Jkis, \vitne?(8enge that lliei lovyn more the lykyng of theire 
body and of prosperite of the world than lykynge in God and 



prosperite of vertu in the soule, and iherfore havyng more com- 
passion of peyne than of synue, thei falsi y wepyu for lakkynge 
of bodily prosperite more than for lakky ng of gostlVi as don 
dampnyd men in helle; rijt so ofte sythis the convertynee that 
men semen to ben converted by siche pleyinge is but leynyd 
holynesse^ worse than is otliere ^^ynne biforeliande. For ^if he 
were werryly convertid, he shulde haten to seen alle siche van- 
yte as biddith the hestis of God, al be k that of siche pley he 
take occasion by the grace of God to fic synne and to folowe 
vertu. And ^if men seyn heere that, ^if this pleyinge of myraclis 
were synne, while God converten men by the occasion of siche 
pleyinge 1 heere to we seyen that God doith so for to com en den 
his mersy to us, that we thenken enterly hou good God is to us, 
that whil we ben thenkyngc arenas hym, doyngeidilnesse and 
with-seyinge hym, he thenkith upon us good and sendynge us 
his grace to fieen alie siche vanyte; and for ther shulde nothinge 
be more swete to us than siche maner raerci of God, the Psnuter 
Boi»k depith that mercy blessynge of swetnesse, where he seith 
•* Thou cam biforchymin blessynges of swetnesse/' the whiche 
swetnesse, al be it that it be likyuge to the spirit, it is while 
we ben here, and ful travelous to the body whan it is verry; 
as tlie flesclie and the spirit ben contrarious, therfore this 
ftwetnesse in God wil not been verely had while a man is 
ocuped in seynge of pleyis. Therefore tiie pristis that seyn 
hemsiif holy, and bysien hem aboute siche pleyis, ben verry 
ypocritis and lyeris ; and herby we answeren to the fifte resone, 
seyinge, that verry recreation is leeveful ocupiynge in false 
werkis to more ardently worschen grcttere werkis, and therefore 
siche myraclis pleyinge ne the sijte of hem is no verrey recre- 
asiori, but fals and wordly, as provyn the dedts of the fautours 
of siche pleyis, that ^tt nevere tastiden verely swetnesse in 
God, traveylynge so myche therinne that their body wolde not 
sofisen to beren siche a traveyle of the spirite ; but as man 
goith fro vertue in virtue, so thei gon fro lust into lust, that thei 
more stedefastly dwelien in hem, and therefore as this feynyd 
rerreacioun of pleyinge of myraclis is fals conceite, so it ia 
double shrew idnesse, worse than thouih thei pleyiden pure 
vaniteis. For now the puple jyveth credence to many mengid 
leesyngis, for other mengid trewthis, and maken wenen to be 
gode that is ful y vel ; and so ofte-sitliis lasse y vele it were to 
pley in rebaudye, than to pley in siche myriclis* And 3 if men 
axen w*hat recreacion men shulden have on the haUday after 
their e holy contemplacioun in the chirche, we seyen to hem 
two thingis, oon, that jif he hadde veryly ocupiede hym in 
contemplacioun byforn, neytJier he wolde askethat question no 
ban will to se vanytt* ; anothere, we seyn that his recreacioun 

VOL, 11, H 



shulde ben in the werkis of mercy to his neyebore, and in 
dilityng hym in alle goad conmnicacioun with his neybore, 
as biforn he dilited hym in God, and in aUe othere nedeful 
werkis that reson and kynde axen. And to the last reson we 
seyn, that peinture jif Lt be verry withoute mengyng of lesyngis, 
and not to curious to niyche fedynge mennus wittis and not 
occasion of mainnetrie to the puple, thei ben but as nakyd lettris 
to a clerk to riden the treuthe; but so ben not myraclis pleyinge, 
that ben made more to deliten men bodily than to ben bokis to 
lewid men, and therefore ^if thei ben quike bookis, thei ben 
quike bookis to schrew i denes »e more than to godenesse. Gode 
men therefore seinge ther tynie to schort to ocupyen hem in gode 
ernest werkis, and seinge the day of the rekenynge ney^pen 
faste» and unknowyng whan ihei schal go hennys, fleen alle 
siche ydihiessis, hyinge that ihei vveren with her spouse Crist 
in the blis^L* of Hevene, 

Au half frynde tariere to soule helthe, redy to excusen the 
y vil and hard of bileve, with Thomas of Ynde, seith, that he 
wil not leevyn the forseyd sentence of myraclis pleyinge, but 
and men schewen it hym bi holy writt opynly and by oure 
bileve. W her fore that his half frenschip may be turnyd to 
the hoole, we preyen hym to beholden first in the seconde 
maundement of God that seith '*Thou schalt not take Goddis 
name in idil ;'' and sythen the mervelous w^erkis of God ben 
his name, as the gode werkis of craftesman been his name, than 
in this best of God is forbeden to takun the mervelouse werkis 
of God in idil ; and how mowen thei be more takyn in idiJ than 
whanne thei ben maad mennus japynge stikke, as when thei 
ben pleyidof japeris ] And sythen ernestiy God dyde hem 
to us, so take we hem of hym ; ellis fosotho we taken hem in 
veyn, Loketbanne, frend, ^if thi byleve tellith that God dide 
his myraclis to us for we shulden pleyn hem, and yn trowe it 
seith to the, " nay, but for thou schuldist more dredyn hym 
and lovyn hvTo/' and certis greet drede and gret effectuel 
loove suffrith no pleyinge nor japyng with hym. Thanne 
sythen myraclis pleyinge reversith the wille of God, and the 
ende for tne which be wroujt royraclis to us. no doute but that 
myraclis pleyiti«:e is verre takyng of Goddis name in ydil. 
And |if this suifisith not to thee, albeit that it shulde suffisen 
to an hethene man, that therefore wil not pley in the werkis of 
his mawmete, I preye ihee rede enterly in the book of lyf that 
is Crist Jhesus, and if (hou mayst fyndenin hym that he evere 
exsaumphde that men shuldeo pleye myraclis, but alwey the 
re vers, and oure byleve cursith that ladden or lassen over that 
Crist exsaumpUde us to don. Hon thanne darst thou holden 
with myraclis pleyinge, sythen alle the werkis of Criat 


reversiden hem, and in none of his werkis thei ben groundvd 1 
namely, sythen thou seyst thiselven that thou wolt nothing 
leven but that may be scnewid of oure bileve, and sythen in 
thing that is acorcJyng with the flessh and to the likyng of it, 
as is myraclis pleyinge, thou wilt nothing don ajenus it, but 
}if it be schewid of oure bileve; myche more in thing 
that is with the spirit, and alwey exsawmpUd in the hf of 
Christ, and so fully writen in the Ijooke of lif, as is levyrjg 
of myraclis pleyinge and of alle japyng» thou shuldest not 
hoi den a^enys it, but if it my^jte ben schewid a^ens tlie bileve, 
sythen in al thyng that is do w tons men shulden hoi den with 
the party e that i^ more favowrable to the spirit, and more ex- 
sawrapplidin the lifof Christ; and so as eche synne distruyith 
hymsilf, and eche faUhed, so thi answere distruyith hvmsilfe, 
and therby thou mayst wel witen that it is not trewe, but vcrr6 
unkyndenesse ; for if thou haddist hadde a fadir that hadde 
suffred a dispitouse deth to geten thee thyn heritage, and thou 
therafter woldest so li^tly bcrn it to make therof a pley to the 
and to alle the puple, no dowte bat that aile gode men wolden 
demyen the unkynde, miche more God and alle his seyntis 
demyen alle tho cristen men unkynde that pleyen or favouren 
the pley of the deth or of the mjTacles of the most kynde fadir 
Crist, that dyede and wrou:jte myracbs to bryngen men to the 
evere-lastande heretage of hevene. 

But peraventure heere thou seist, that if pleyinge of myraclis 
be synnen, never the latere it is but litil synne* But here fore, 
dere frend, knowe ^ee that eche synne, be it never so litil, if it be 
maynten^^d and prechid as gode and profitable, is deadely synne; 
and therefore seith the propbite, '* Wo to hem that seien gode, 
yvel, and yvel. good !"and therfore the wyse man dampeneth hem 
that gladen whan thei don yvel ; and therfore alle seyntis seven, 
that mannysche it is to fallen, but develiche it is to abyden sty He 
therinne» Therfore, sithen thes myraclis pleyinge is svivne, as 
thou knowlecbist, and is stedefastly meyntenyd, and al^ men 
delitcn hem therinne, no dowte but that it is deadly synne, and 
dampnable, develiche not mannysch. Lord, sythen Adam and 
Eve and al mankynde weren dampnyd out of paradise, not 
onelv for etyng of the appul, but more for the excusyng therof, 
niyc))e more pleyinge of m>Taclis not onely excusid but stede- 
fastly meyntenyd is dampnable and deadly, namely sythen it 
not onely pervertith oon man but al a puple, that thei seien 
good, yvel, and yvel, gode. And if this wil not suffise thee, 
albeit that it shulde suifisen t^o eche Cristen man, that nothing 
schulde done oule of thn techynge that Crist tauijte, tachide to 
the dedis that God hath done, of whiche we reden that at the 
biddyng of God» for Ismael pleyide with his brother Isaac, 



botlie Ismael and his modir weren ihrowen out of the hous of 
Abraham, of the whiche the cause was for bi siche pleyinge 
Ismaeli that was the sone of the servant, myjte han begilid 
Isaac of his heretage, that was the sone of the fre wif of 
Abraham, Another cause was sythen Ismael was born after 
the fleysh, and Isaac after the spirit, as seith the apostele, to 
exsaumplen that pley of the fleysh is not covenable ne helpely 
to the spirit, but to the bynymmynge of the spiritus heretage. 
And the thridde cause was to figuren, that the olde testament, 
that is testament of the fleysh, may not ben holden with the 
nowv testament, that is testament of the spirit; and ^if it be 
hooly kept with the testament of the spirit, it doith away verr^ 
fredom, and bynymmelh the heretage of hevene. Thanne 
sythen the plcy of Ismael was not Icvefol with Isaac^ myche 
more fleysly pley is not leveful with the gostly werkis of Crist 
and of his seyntis, as ben hise myraclis Lo converten men to 
the bileve, bothe for fer more distaunce of contrarite is bitwene 
fleyshiy ploy and tlie ernestful dedis of Crist than bitwene the 
pley of Ismael and Isaac, and also for the pley bitwene 
Ismael and Isaac was figure of the pley bitwene the fleysh 
and the spirit. Therefore, as two thingis most contrarious 
mowen not pleyn togidere withouten hurtyng of either, as 
experiens techitb, and most that party schal hurtyn that is most 
roeyntenyd, and that partie schal be most hurt that is lest 
meyntenyd ; than pleyinge that is fleschely with the werkis of 
the spirit, is to harmynge of ever either, and most schal the 
fleysh hurtyn the spirit, as in suche pleyinge the fleysh is most 
meytenyd and the spirite lasse. And as in good thingis the 
figuride is evermore betlere than that that is figure, so in yvel 
tliingis that that is figurid is fer werse than the figure; than 
sythen the pleyinge of Ismael with I^aac is figure of the pley- 
inge of the fleysh with the spirit, and the ton is yvel, thanne 
fer werse is the tother. Than pleyinge with the myracUs of 
God disservith more venjaunce, and more synne is, than dis- 
servyde the^plcyingeof Ismael with Isaac, and lasse yvel was; 
and as felaw chip of a thral with his lord makith his lord dis- 
pisid, so myche more pleyinge with the myraclis of God makith 
hem dispisith, sythen pleyinge to comparisoun of the mervelouse 
werkis of God is fer more cherl than ony man may ben cherl of 
a lord ; and therefore the pleyinge of Ismael, that was the sone 
of the servant, with Isaac, that was the sone of the fre womman, 
was justly reprovyd, and bothe the damme and the sone put 
out of bis cumpanye; myche more mennus pley with the mer- 
velouse werkis of God is re provable, and wortlii to ben put out 
of ther cumpanye. And therfore, as seitb the apostel, as ther 
is no godecoramyng betwene the dcvelis instrument to perverten 



men, as pleyin^ of the fleysh, and goddis instrewment to con- 
verten men, as be his mervelous werkis, therefore, as this is a 
verre lesynge to seyen that for the love of God he wil ben a 
good felowe with the devil, so it is a werry lesyng to geyen tlmt 
for the love of God he wil pleyen his myradis : for in neyther 
is the love of God schewid, but his hestis to-brokun* And 
sythen the serymonyes of the olde lawe, albeit that thei weren 
jiven by God, for thei weren fleyshly, thei shulden not be holde 
with the newe testament, for it is gostly ; myche more pleyinge 
for it is fleysly, never bedyn of God, shulde not ben don with 
the mervelouse werkis of God, for thei ben gostly ; for as the 
pleyiijge of Ismael with Isaac shulde ban h>^ioinyn Isaac his 
heretage, so in the kepyng of the seremonyes of the olde lawe 
in the newe testament shulde ban bynomen ther bileve in 
Crist, and han made men to gon bacward, that is to seie, fro the 
gostly lyvyng of the newe testament to the fleyshly lyvyng of 
the olde testament, Myche more pleyinge of myraclis be- 
nemeth men ther bileve in Crist, and verre goynge bacward fro 
dedis of the spirit to onely ?yngnes don after lustisof the fleysh, 
that ben a^enus alle the deedis of Crist, and so myraclis pley- 
inge is verre apostasye fro Crist, and therfore we schal nevere 
fyndyn that myraclis pleying was usid among Cristene men ; 
but sytlien religious onely in tokenes she widen ther religioun, 
and not in dedis, and sythen pristis onely in sjTignes and for 
money schewiden ther pristhode, and not in dedis, and therfore 
the apostasye of these drawilh myche of the puple after hem, 
as the aposiasyie of Lucifer the first aungel droowj myche of 
hevene after hym. 

And if this, frend^ wil not suflisen to thee, that the ey^en of 
the blynd pile takun si^te^ take hede how the pleyinge of two 
contrari partis togidere, as of the pleyinge of the childre of Abner 
and of the childre of Joab, w^eren thre hundrid men and sixti 
sleyn, and mo out of doute, myche more harm doth pleyinge of 
gostly w^erkis, after lustus of the fleysh, as thei ben more ene- 
myes ; for it is of myraclis pleyinge as it is of thes apostates 
that prechen for bodily avauntage; for ri^t as thes han bodily 
avauntage at more pris than the word of God, as thei maken 
the word of God but a mene to ther avauntage, so these myracle 
pleyeris and the fawtours of hem ben verre apostaas, bothe for 
thei puttun God bihynde and ther owne lustis biforn, as thei 
han mynde of God onely for sake of ther pley, and also for 
thei deiiten hem more in the pley than in the myraclis silf, as 
an apostata more delitith hym in his bodily wynnyng than in 
the trowthe of God, and more preysith seemely thingis withoute 
forth than ony fayrnesse wnthinne forth to God-ward. And 
herfore it is, that siche myraclis pleyinge thretith myche the 



maunse of God; for ri^t as a jelous man seeynge his wif to 
coiiapun witli his kyndnessis, and to lovyn by hem another man 
more than hym, abidith not longe to don variaunse to chastisyng© . 
of hyr, so silhe God is more jelous over his puple, as he more 
lovyth it, than ony man is jelous upon his wif, he seeynge the 
kyndnessis of his myraclis put byhynde, and mennus lustis 
beforn, and so menis wil to ben more lovj'd than his owne 
wille, no wondir thof he sende sone venjaunse therafter ; as he 
moot nede, for his gret ri^twessnesse and mersy ; and therefore 
it is that the wise man seith, *' The ende of myrthis is sorowe, 
and ofte joure law^yng shal be medelid with sorowe. And 
therfore, as experience proveth, ever sithen regnyde siche 
maner apostasie in the puple, seside never the venjaunce of God 
upon us, outher of pestilence, oulher of debate^ oulher of flodis, 
other of derthe, and of many othere, and commely whan men 
be most unskilfuly merye sone after falliih sorowe, Therfore 
siche rayraciis pleyinge now on dayes witnessith thre thingis, 
first, is grete synne byforne the, second, it witnessith grete 
foly in the doinge, and the thridde greet venjaunse aftir; for 
ri^t as the chyldren of Israel, whan Moyses was in the hil 
bisily preyinge for hem, thei mystristyng to hyro, honouriden 
a calf uf gold, and afterward eetyn and drinken and risen to 
pleyn, and afterward weren sleyn of hem thre and twenty 
thowsend of men ; so thanne as this pleyinge wittnesside the 
synne of ther maumetrie beforn, and her mystryst to Moyses 
whanne thei shulde most han tristenede to hym, and after ther 
foly in ther pleyinge, and the thridde the venjaunse that cam 
after ; so this myraclis pleyinge is verre witnesse of m'ennus 
averice and coveytise byfore, that is maumetrie, as seith the 
apostele, for that that tnei shulden spendyn upon the nedis of 
ther ne^eboris, thei spenden upon the pleyis, and to peyen ther 
rente and ther dette thei wolen grucche, and to spende two so 
myche upon ther pley thei wolen nothinge grucche. Also to 
gideren men togidere to hi en the derre ther vetailis, and to 
stiren men to glotonye, and to pride and boost, thei pleyn thes 
myraclis, and also to han w^herof to spenden on these myraclis, 
and to holde felawschipe of glotenye and lecherie in sich dayes 
of myraclis pleyinge, thei bisien hem beforn to more gredily ' 
bygilen ther ne^bors, in byinge and in sellyng; and so this 
pleyinge of myraclis now on dayes is werre witnesse of hideous 
ceveytise, that is maumetrie* And ri^t as Moyses was that 
tyme in the hil most travelynge aboute the puple, so now^ is 
Crist in hevene with his lader most bisily preyinge for the 
puplc ; and never tlie latere as the chlyndren (*»") of Israel diden 
thsi tyme that in hem was, in ther pleyinge of ther maumetrie, 
most fblily to distro^en the grete travele of Moyses, so men 

RSLlQUIiE itl^TSQUifi. 55 

now on dajees, after ther hidouse maumetree of covetyse in 
ther pleyinge of myraciis, thei don that in hem is to distroje 
the entenlive preyere of Crist in hevene for hem, and m ther 
myraclis pleyinge witnessith ther most folye in ther doynge» 
and therfore as unkyndely seiden to Aaron the children of 
Israel, Moyses beinge in the hil, ** we witen never how it is of 
Moyses, make us therfore Goddis that gon hiforn us," so un- 
kyndeli seyen men no we on dayes, '* Crist doth now no my- 
raclis for us, pley we therfore hisolde/' addyng many lesynges 
therto so colowrahly that the puple ^ife as myche credense to 
hem as to the Irwthe^aiid so thei for^eten to ben percever of the 
preyere of Crist, for the maumetrye that men don to siche 
myraclis pleyinge ; maumetrye, I seye, for siche pleyinge men 
as myche honoryn or more than the word of God whanne it is 
prechid, and therefore bla^iferaely thei seyen, that siche pley- 
inge doith more good than the word of God wanne it is prechid 
to the puple. A ! Lord ! what more blasfeme is a^enus thee, 
than to seyen to don the byddyng, as is to prechen the word of 
God doth fer lasse good than to don that that is bodyn onely 
by man and not by God^ as is niyraclis pleying I Rit forsothe, 
as the lyknesse of myraclis we clepen myraclis, rijt so the 
golden caife the children of Israel clepiden it God ; in the whiche 
thei hadden mynde of the olde mirachs of God beforn, and for 
that hcnesse thei worschipiden and preyseden, as thei worschip- 
iden and presiden God in the dede of his myraclis to hem, and 
therefore ihei diden expresse maumetrye. So sythen now on 
daies myche of the puple worse hi pith and prey sit b onely the 
Hcnesse of the myraclis of God, as myche as the worde of God 
in the prechours mowth by the whiche alle mjTaclis be don, no 
dowte that ne the puple doth more mawmetrie now in siche 
myraclis pleyinge than dide the puple of Israel that tyme in 
heryinge of the calf, in as myche as tbe lesynges and lustus of 
myraclis pleyinge that men worschipen in hem is more con- 
trarious to God, and more acordynge with the devil, than was 
that golden calf that the puple worschipid. And therefore 
the maumetrye that tyme was but figure and licknesse of 
mennus maumetry-e no we, and therfore seith the apostel* asse 
thes thingis in figure fellen to hem, and therefore in siche my- 
raclis pleyinge the dcvel is most plesid, as the dyvel is best 
payid to disceyve men in the Hcnesse of that tiling in whiche 
by God man weren convertid birorhond, and in whiche the 
devel was tenyd byfornhond, Therfore oute of doute siche 
myracUs pleying prelith myche more venjauoce than dide the 
pleyinge of the chyldren of Israel, after the heriynge of the 
calf, as this pleyinge setttth but japes grettere and more ben- 
fetes of God. 



A ! Lord ! sythen chyMros pleyinge witnessith ther fadris 
synnes before hem, and ther owne oryg^inal S3Tines beforn, 
and ther owne defaute of wisdani, whanne thei pleyen, and 
ther chastisyn afterward schal more greve hem, so myche 
more this myrachs pleyinge witnessith mennys hydous synnes 
beforn hand, and the for-jetyng of ther mayster Crist, and ther 
Gwne folye, and the folye of malyce passyngethe folye ofchyl* 
dre, and that ther is grete venjaunce to camyn to hem more 
than thei shul mowen paciently boren, for the grete lykyng 
that thei han in ther pley. But, frend, pera venture lee seyen 
that no man schal make ^ou to byleven hut that it is good to 
pleyen the passion of Crist, and othere dedis of hym. But 
here arenas herith, how whanne Helyse stejede up into Bethel, 
chyldre pleyingly comyng a^enus hym, seiden, *' ste^e up, haU 
lard, ste^e up, ballard ;" and therfore hee cursid hem, and two 
bores of the wy Ide wode al to-toren of hem, two and fourty 
cluidre ; and as alie seyntis seyen the ballednesse of Helisee 
betokeneth the passion of Crist, thaiine sythen by his storj^e 
is opynly schewid that men schulden not bourden with tJie 
figure of the passion of Crist, ne with an holy prophete of Crista 
myche more in the newe testament, and whanne men shulden 
be more wis, fethere from alle maner pleyinge and erneslful 
dedis more coraaandid, now than that tyme, and the passion of 
Crist more shuld ben in drede tlian that tyme schulde han ben 
Helisee, men shulden not pleyn the passion of Crist, upon 
peyne myche grettere than was the venjaunce of the childre 
that scornyden Helisee. For siker pleyinge of the passion of 
Crist is but verre scornyng of Crist, as it is seid beforn, there- 
fore, dere frend, beholdith how kynde tellith that the more 
eldere a man w^axith the more it is a^en kynde hym for to pleyn, 
and therfore seith the booc ** cursid be the childe of han hundred 
leer!" And certis the world, as seith the aposlil, is now at 
his endyng, as in his laste age ; therfore for the grete ne^yng 
of the day of dome, allc creaturis of God no we weryen and 
wrathen of mennus pleymg, namely of myraclis pleyinge, that 
most schuln be schewid in ernest and into venjaunce at the day 
of dome ; therfore a^en kynde of alle creaturis it is now my- 
fachs pleyinge, and therfore God now on dayes sendith som 
wisdam to children than herbyforn, for thei schulden now on 
dayees leven pleyinge, and ^y ven hem more to emestful werkis, 
pleasaunt to God. Also, frend, take hede what Crist seith in 
the gospel le, that *' ri3t as it was in the daies of Noye ajenus 
the greet flood, men weren etynge and drynkynge and ther 
lykyngis takynges takyng, and feerely cam the venjaunce of 
God of the grete llode upon hem ; so it schalle ben of the 
comj'ng of Crist to the day ot dome," that whanne men jifea 



hem most to ther pleyinge and myrtliis, ferely schaJ come the 
day of dome upon hem with greet venjaunce bcforn* Therefore 
oute of dowte, frynd, this myracle pleyinge that is now usid is 
but trewe thretyng of sodeyn venjaunce upon us ; and therfore, 
dere frend, spende we iiouther oure wittis ne oure money aboute 
myraclis pleyin^, but in doinge hem in dede, in grete drede, 
and penaunce, for sikir the wcpyng and the fleyshly devocion 
in hem ben but as strokis of han hamer on every side, to dryve 
out the nayl of oure diede in God and of the day of dome, and 
to maken the weye of Crist slidir and hevy to us, as reyn on 
erthe and cley weies. Than, frend, ^if we wilcn algate pleyen, 
pleyne we as Davith pleyide bifore the harrke of God, and as 
he spac byfor Mychel his wif, dispisyng his pleyinge, wherlbre 
to hir he seyde in this wise, *'The Lord lyveth^ for I shal pleyn 
bifore the Lord that hath chosen nic rather than thi fadir, and 
al the hous of hym, and he comaundide (o me that I were duke 
upon the puple of the Lord of Israel, and I schal pleyn, and I 
schal be maad fowlcre more than I am niaad, and I schal ben 
raeke in myn ejen, and with the hand-wymmen of the vvhiche 
thou speke I schal more glorious aperen ;" iiothis pleyinge hath 
thre part el is, the firste is that we beholden in how many thingis 
God natli ^y ven us Ins grace passynge oure ne|thoboris, and 
in so myche more thanke we hym, fulfillyng his wd, and more 
tristyng in hym ajen alie nianer reprovyng of owre enmys ; the 
secound partel stant in contynuel beynge devowt to God al- 
my^ty, and fowl and reprovable to the world, as Crist and his 
apostelis sche widen hemself, and as Davith scide ; the thridde 
partel stant in beynge as lowly in owre ow^ne ejen or more than 
we schewen us witnoutc forth, syttynge lest by in us sUf, as 
we knovven mo synnes of us silf than of ony other, and thanne 
beforn alle the seyntis of hevene and biforn Crist at the day of 
dome and in the blisse of hevene we shul ben more glorious, 
in as myche as we pleyn bete re thre forseid perse lis heer, the 
whiche three perselis wel to pleyn heere and after to comyn to 
hevene^ graunt the holy Trinite ! Amen. 



From the end of a compotus roll in the poftsetsion of George Matcham, 
E»q. M* D. of Newhouse, WUta. The place or county to which the roU re- 
laies ijjoblUerated, but dates occur of the 18 and 10 Edw. II» 

Per statutum tocius regni Angliie fuit raensura domini Regis 
composita, %^iz» quod denarius Anglicanus qui nominatur ste- 
relingus rotundas et sine lonsura, ponderabit xxxij. grana fru- 
menti in medio spicae, et xx, denarii faciunt unciam et xij» 

^QL II. I 



unci(e faciunt libram, sc. xx.s., et viij. JibrfE frumenti faciunt 
galouem, vi viij. galones faciunt \, bj (bushel) Londoniac, quod 
est octava pars t^uartcrii, et viij. b^. faciunt quarterium. Ad 
uncium DcxI. grana. Ad bbram vtj"DcL*xxx* Et ad lagenam 
Ix)'*. iiij*^. xK Et ad bushclum cecc**. Ixxx**. xj". Dc. et XX. 
Ad quarterium xxxix.*^***'. xxij**^ c"*. Ix. videl*. 


If}^ tcU Ml, 

UU Ml. Ml. 

Dcccc^'* c"'. Ix. (/. e. 3,932,160.) 

Initium fallacis Evangelium secundum Lupum. Fraus tibi, 
BarliL* I In illo tempore cum natus esset Bachus in Waltona, 
in diebus Wernardi regis, ecce magni potatores de omnibus 
parlibus venerunt dicentes, " Ubi est qui imtus est rex ribal- 
dorum, dux potatorum, harlotorumi glotinorum, villanorum ? et 
vidimus signum ejus in oriente, et in omnibus partibus viUbb 
Oxonia!, videlicet in ballio villa? praedictep, et venimus cum mu- 
neribus adurare cum/' Audiens autem hsec Wernardus rex 
turbatus est, et oninis Oxonia cum eo, et convocatis magistrig 
potaloribus, diligenter didtcit ab eis tempus ipsius signi quod 
viderant in oriente. Et statira procedentes viderunt doleimi reum 
Bachum, Et intrantes doraum inveneruntdoleum plenum, cum 
Magota meretrice ejus, et optimum potum positum in mazerio, 
et apertis loculis suis optulerunt ei munera, aurum, argentum, 
et pluQibum, Et responso accepto in sompnis ne redirent ad 
bonitatem per abam viam, reversi sunt in miseriam suam. Et 
cum inebriati essent potatores, unus eorum cecidit in lutum ; 
vinura autem per os et nares ejus exucrunt babundanter. 


In tli<f la«t volume of Mr. Lockhan's Life of Sir Wa^Uer Scott ia inaeited 
A Memuir by Sir WiUinm GcU, contain! ng^ recollectiom of Sir Walter's VUil 
to Naples in the earlj part of tlie year 1832. In lUiH 5ir WULIam GeU iays^ 
'< I mml not omit stating that at an early period of liU visit to Naples, an 
old EnglUti umouflcript of the Rouiance of Sir BevU of Hamptoo, exletin|p 
m the Royul Library, had attracted hia ultetition, und he had re^oWed on 
pfof!iiring a copy of it, not, I think, for himself, but for a friend in Scotland, 
who was already possessed of another edition. When Sir Walter visited the 
library at the Mtitieutn, the literati of Naples crowded round him to catcb a 
sight of so celebrated a person, and they showed him every mark of atten* 
tion in their power, by creating bira Honorary Member of their learned 
Societies. . . . * . The King of Naples, learning bis wish to copy the book« 
ordered it to be sent to his hoase, and he employed a person of the name of 
Stiochini» who, without undentanding a word of Engli^h^ copied the wholb 
in a character as nearly as poitible the fac-simile of the original/* &e. ? oL 
yU. p. 361. 



In the recent Catalogue of the Abbot«for<l Library this transeHpt ii thus 
entered^ "Old English Romances, transcribed from MSS« in ihe Hoyal 
Library at Naples^ by Slice hiiii, MS. 2 vols. am. 8vo. containing^ Vol* I< 
Bevys of Hampton. VoL 2. St. Alejcanderof Rome.— Libiua Diaconiu*." 

Having had an opportunity last September of visiting Naples, I felt de- 
sirous to examine a MS. volume, which 8ir Walter Scott thought vorthy of 
having copied under such peculiar circumJtanccs. On going to the Librttry, 
1 inquired for the transcriber, as ihe likeliest person to point it out— but no 
such person was known in the plaee* But becoming actjuainted with the 
Chevalier de Licterils, the principal keeper of the printed books in Ihe Royal 
Library, (an old gentleman who was personally known to Sir Walter, and 
who in fact had drawn hia attention to the MS. in queatiou^) he recollected 
where it was placed, and obtained permission from the keeper of the M^^. 
for me to examiDe it in the Library. But &o little was known of the con- 
tents of the volume, as will be observed from the following memorandum^ 
that it was entitled, and entered in the Cntalogue of M SS* as a collectiou of 
German (Tedeschi) poems* As it was Impossible to obtain there any books 
of the kind necessary for comparieon, 1 spent two or three forenooni in ex- 
amining the volume with some care, and in making occasional extracts, for 
the purpose of identifying the several pieces it contained, and for verifying 
Sticchini's accuracy, in ca<;c any of them might allerwards be found worthy 
of publication and the use of his transcripts be obtained from the Abbotsford 

Having recently compared these extracts^ I find that the MS. is one of no 
very great importance, as the several pieces it contains have either been 
already published or exist in more ancient MSS. in some of the English 
libraries. It is interesting, however, from the unlooked-for place where 
it has been preserved, and it would also furnish an Editor with an abundance 
of various readings, and passages omitted by the old transcribers of similar 

Polio MS. in the Royal Library at Naples, on paper, middle of the fifteenth 
century, marked on the back ** MS, di Poesie Tedeschi, O 4 n G.— 12 A. 47»" 
On the fly leaf, in a somewhat receni hautl, is written, " Queslo manuscritto 
in Lingua Tedescha (now corrected to Itigleae) Tho haiiuto da Diomede di 
leonardis e fu pHmieramente .«..*. [blank in MS,] 

P, 1—19 are tilled with aiedical Receipts, dtc.such ns*^Tobelpen woman 
In travel of childe/' ** For the disease after her Iravaile/* '^ To deliver a 
woman of chdde detle or qoike/' ** Wboo so hath the pose." ** Another 
mcdecyoe for the same/* ** To restore mannys complexion." ** Another 
for the same/' kc, Uc. 

P. 20—22, are blank, or filled with some rude pen drawings of a later date. 

P. 23-79. 

Sir Bevys of Hamptone, 

This well-known metrical romance, translated ftoin the French, wb« 
analysed by Ellis In his Specimens. It has more recently been printed 
entire f^om tb« copy in the Auehinleck Mb. by a zealous antiquary 
(Mr. Tumbnll), as a contHbnUoQ to the Maltland Club, Edinb. 1838, 4to. 


The romance ftlso exists in three black-letter editions of the liirtecnth 
century, fts well as in older MtSS. in England. The Neapolitan MS. like 
the Auchinleck copy commences in stanzas of six UneS| and after proceed" 
ingthus through eight pages, the metre is changed into couplets of eight 
syllables. In Mr. TumbuU's edition the romance extends to 44(10 Unes^ the 
Neapolitan M3. I reckoned has 4560 lines. It beglnSf 

Lordlingis, lystenith to my tale, 

That is meriour than the nyghtingale 

That I wolle you syngG 

Of a kiiyght Sir Bevone, 

That was bore in Southamplone, 

Withoiiten lesing. 

He was a stalworthe man. 

And many kjngdomes wan, 

To Godis lawis ; 

Ho was the best that come in feld, 

And most wan with spere and schild, 

Bi his lyfe daies. 

I woU yowe telle al to-gadir. 
Of the knyght and of his fadir, 
The good Erie SirGy; 
Of Hampton he was lord and sire. 
And of alle that ilke shire 
Him to wardy. 

Lordlinges this Erie that I of telle, 

In his tyme man of flesche ne felle 

Nas non so stronge ; 

And ever he lyvid without wife. 

As he was in eche strife 

Tille late and long. 

Tho he was fallen in elde. 

That he ne myght him silfe welde, 

He wolde a wife take ; 

And sorie theraftir, I understond, 

Him had ben lever than alle this fond, 

Had he hur forsake* 

A %vife in elde he toke on honde, 
The kyngis doghter of Skotlande, 
So feire and bright. 
Alas ! that he hur ever chese. 
His owne life for hur he lese. 
With mochelle unrig ht. 


This maide that I have of tolde, 

A faire woman scho was and bolde, 

And free i^bore ; 

Of Almayne the Emperour 

Hur lovyd par amour, 

Welle longe ther bifore* 

Oft to hur fadir he sent, 
And hym silfe thedir went, 
For hir sake ; 

Moche he desiiid hur to wyve. 
The kyng for no thing on lyve 
Wold hur him take. 

And sithen he gave hur to Sir Gy, 

A stal worth man and an hardy, 

Of Southamptone ; 

But whan he fille in to elde, 

Febill and waxen unwelde 

Bi right resoun^ 

So long thei yede togadir to bedde, 

A man childe togadir thei hedde, 

That Be\^s hete ; 

A faire childe he was and bolde, 

He nas but vij, yere olde 

Tho his fadir him lete- 


After 40 addliioDtil ttauzas of 6 lino^i relating to tbe death af Bevf»*s titiheTf 

the poem praeeedfi. 

Now wol wc of him mone, 
And tel of Bevys his yong sone. 
How wo him was ; 
Ffast he wepte and hondis wrong, 
And for his fadir he seid among, 
Alias! alias! 

He clepid his modir, ajid seide this sawe, 
*' Ffoule liore, thti were worthe to draw. 

And al to-twight; 
Me thinketh ther of I were fawe, 
Ffor thou hast my fadir slawe 
With moche unright. 

Alas ! modir, thi feire ble, 

Wil bicomythe the an hore to be, 

To holde bordell ; 


AUe horis, for thi sake, 

The devil of helle I hem bi-take. 

Both flesche and felle. 

Bot, modir, o thing I the swere» 
Mowe I ever annus here* 
Arid be of elde, 

AUe that have my fadir da we. 
And i-broght him of hfe dawe, 
I schalie hem yelde." 

His modir herd that wondir stound. 
The child she smote with hir hond 
Undir the ere ; 

To ground he fiUe, and that was skatue, 
His maister toke him up ful rathe. 
That hete Sabere. 

The poem9 contmues through 30 more sUmzas of G lines (but one or two 
lineft appear to have been omitted by the transcniier) when the form of the 
versification is changed into couple ts, thus — after relating how Bevy a had 
been »old to the Saracens — 

The steward went to the Kyng, 

And presentid him with that childe jonge. 

The Kyng was therof glad and blithe. 

And thankid him many a sithe ; 

'* Mahonde !*' he seide, " nowe were I prout, 

Wolde this childe to us lout, 

Yef hit wolde a pajmim be, 

I wolde hope hit wolde the* 

Bi Appolyn, that sitteth on hie! 

A fairer childe never I ne sye, 

Neither of lengthe ne of brede, 

Ne so feire lemys hede, 

*' Childe/' he seid, *' where were thu bore 1 

What is thi name 1 telle me fore, 

Yef I wist hit were me lefe," 

" Sir/' he seid, *' my name is Befe ; 

I-bore ich was in Englondej 

In Southamptone bi the stroiid. 

My fadir was ther Erie a while ; 

My modir hym slew^e alle with gile; 

Sho me solde into this lond, 

Sho is woman for to fond. 

But, sir, yef hit ever so bi-tide, 

That I may on hors to ride, 

Armys bercj and shaftis breke. 


My fadiris dcthe I wol a-wreke." 

Alle he toMe him in his sawe 

Howe the emperour had his fadir slaw. 

When B[evys]* had this him tolde, 

Theribr the Kingis hart was cold, 

And seid, ** I have no heire after my day. 

But Josiane that feire may ; 

And thou wolt thi Lord forsake, 

And to Appolyo my god to take» 

Hur I wol yeve the to wy ve, 

And my lond after my lyve/' 

" Nay," quod B[evys], ** that do I nolde, 

Ffor alle thi silver and alle thi gold 

That is utidir heven lyght, 

Ne for thi doghtir that is so bright, 

I nolde forsake in no manere 

Jhesu that boght man so dere. 

Alle mote thei be doumbe and dere, 

Tliat on tkls goddis bi-leve/* 

The kyng him lovid wolle the more, 

That eyghe him stode no man fore. 

And seid, '' Bevys, while thu art swayn. 

Thou srhalt be my Chamburlayn 

But \^'hen thu art dubbid knyght, 

My baner schait thu bare in fight. 

B[evys] answerid, Sec. ,...•..., 

Near the clo»e of the romance when Sir Milii and Sir Gy» the two loni of 
^ Beyyify rescue hlm^ at Iwondon — it sa^s 

So hard thei gan togadir mete, 
The blood gan renne in eche strete. 
As it seieth in Romaunce ; 
Bothe in Englond and in Fraunce, 
So many men there were dede, 
That the watir in Temze waxid rede. 
From Seint Marie at Bowe* &c. . . 

And the romance concludes with the following tines, 

To Umbraunce B[evy8] is fur the fare, 

Josian was sike and wondirly sare ; 

Therfore was B[evys] wondirly wo. 

And to his stabul he was go, 

Aroundel he found ther dede, 

To Gy his son he it seide : 

" Sur,'* he seid, " my moder wol dy." 

After this Bevys is usnalljr written In the MS. simply 6« 


To hur he wente hastely ; 
Sor B[evys] in his armys hur lace, 
And kissed hur at that cace. 
And thei deide bothe in fere. 
The kyng iiolde in no manere. 
That thei in crthe buried were ; 
Of Send Laurence he lete a chapel rere, 
And of gold made a chist gay, 
And bothe har bodies therin lay. 
Men tellith both in gest and ryrae, 
Thei were laide in maner ofshryne; 
And a ho us inaad of relig^ion, 
Tosynge ever for Sir Bevon; 
And for Josian the fre, 
God of her sow lis have pit^ ! 
And also for Arundel, 
Yef that for her men may bid wel I 
Thus endith B[evys] of Hamptone, 
That was king and nobil barone; 
Al that of his fife have herd in ucrone(!), 
Gad veve hare sow lis liaven pardon, 
And that we were al of suche renown 
As was B[evys] of Hamptoune! 

Here endiih Bevys of ffampio[n]. 

p. 60-66. 

OfSeint Alex of Home, 

The I.<>geiid of Saint Alexins the Confe«8or, ion of Eupbemlus, wat 
tmntiliited from the Latin Into EngllBh vene by Adum Dcivie, MarahaU of 
S tra t ford -le- Dow, near London, about the year 1312. The MS, id the 
Bodleian Libniry ii the only one known in England; but 1 am unable 
from the lines quoted by Warion to &ay whether thisis not a different vereion 
of the tame Le^^eod* It begins, 

Sitteth still withouten [sjtrife, 

Ycche woUe you telle the life 

Of an holi man ; 

Alex was his right name, 

To servy God he thoujt no scharae, 

Ther of never he ne blan. 

His father was a grete lordlyng, 

Of Rome a kyng evenjmg. 

And hight Sur Eufamyan; 

Pore men to clothe and fede, 


In al Rooi that riche stede, 
Suche ne was iher nan* 

Explicit vita SancH Alex. 
Id aU 618 line»> or 103 stanzas ofsU lines each. 

P. 87—113. Libiaus Disconiatts* 

The romance of Sir Liheaux De«cotias belongs to the ihirteenlh century, 
and is mentioned hf Chaucer as a pofitilar romance. It was flret published 
by RiUon in his *' Ancient Englbh Metrical Romances/' vol. 2, p. K His 
text contains 2130 lines ; tb« prasent one, has about "2930 lines. 

Jbesu Criste owre Saviour, 

And his modir that swete flour, 

Helpe us at our nede ; 

That listenithofa eonquemuri 

That was wisj witty, and wight werrour. 

A don jti man of dede. 

His name was hole Gyngeleyn, 

Y-gete he was of Sir Gaweyn, 

Bi a ferestus side. 

Of a hetir knight ne profitable. 

With Arthur at Hie Round Table, 

Hurd never yet man rede. 

GyngelejTi was fcire and bright, 
Gentil of body and fetre of sight, 
Bastarde thoughe he were ; 
And hts modir kepit him with myght^ 
That he schulde se no knight 
Y-anned in no manere. 
For that he was so savage, 
And bhtheli wolde do outrage, 
To his felowis in fere, 

The romance finishes with the following lines. 

The myrthe of that bridale 

May no man tel in tale, 

Ne sey in no gest. 

In that semely halle 

Were lordis gret and smalle, 

And ladies ful honest ; 

Ther was wel sertayne 

Servise fulle good wone. 

Both most and lest ; 

For sot he the mynstrals alle 

rVOL. lU K 

That were in the halle 
Had ^iftes at that fest. 

Sir Libeous moder so fre 
Jpde to that maungere, 
Hur rode was rede so rys ; 
She knewe Libeoas wel bi sight, 
And wist wel anone right 
That he was of moche pris. 
She went to Sir Gaweyne, 
And seid without en delayne, 
*' This is our childe so fre/' 
Than was he glad and blithe. 
And kissed liir fele silhc. 
And seid, *' that hketh me!'* 

Sir Gaweyne, knyght of renowne, 
Seid to the lady of Synadow^ne, 
" Madame, trewliche, 
He that waime the with pride, 
I wanoe him bi a forestis side. 
And gate him of a giantis lady/' 
That ladi was blithe*, 
And thankd him many a sith, 
And kissid him sicurely. 
Than Libeous to him ranne. 
And ever kissid that manne, 
For sothe trewly. 

He fiUe on kneis that stound. 
And sate knelyng on the ground, 
And seid, " for God alleweldond, 
That made this worlde round, 
Feire fadir, wel be ye found, 
Je blis me with your hond,** 
The hyndy kny^t Gaweyne 
Blessid his sonne with mayne, 
And made him up to stond ; 
And comandid kny^tis and swayn 
To calle Libeous Gyngelayn, 
That was lord of that lond. 

XL. daiea they dwelled there. 
And hare fest thei hilde y-fere. 
With Arthour the kyng ; 
As in Romaunce it is tolde; 
Arthour with knyjtes bolde. 
Home he gan ham bryng. 


X. |ere thei levid in same^ 
With moche gle and game. 
He and that swete thinge. 
Jhesu Crist our Saviour, 
And his modir that swete flour, 
To blys he us alle bryng! Amen* 

Qui scrtpsU carmen sit benedictus. Amen. 

JHc explicit Ltbetis Discont/m, 

He that lovyth welle to fare. 
Ever to spend and never spare. 
But he have the more good, 
His here wol grow throw his hood. 

Quod More. 

Hie pennamjixit peniiei me si mala scripsi. 

114—118. Fragment of Sir Isu7nbra>s, 

Two copies or this roHiance of an old date are knowa : also an edition in 
black letter. It is usnaUy coneidercd to bave been one of this class of com* 
positions ridiculed by Cbaticer in his Hyme of Sir Thoi}as, whtcli U ^' full of 
pbrase* taken from I&umbras and other romances/* (v, Tyrwhitl^s Chaucer.) 
The present copyi which contains only 121 lines at the commencement, 
difftoi wbolly from the black letter edition by Copeland, which was re*pub- 
lished by Mr. Utterson* It begins, 

He that made both heven and erthe 
And ai this worlde in daies sevyn, 
That is M of myghth. 
Send us alle hh blessyng, 
Las and more, olde and yong, 
And kepe us day and nyght! 
Y wol you telle of a kny^ht^ 
That was doujty iu ilke fight, 
In towne and eke in fielde ; 
Ther durst no man liis dynt abide, 
With spere ne with schilde. 
Man he was riche y-nowe^ 
Ox to drawe in his plowe, 
And stedis in his stalle ; 
Man he was curteyse and hynde. 
Every man was his frende, 
He was lord of alle; 
CuTteis and hynde he was, 
His name was clepid Sir Isombrase. 
&c. &c* &c. 




P. 110—140, 


TblB poem on the io^Ject of Patient Griseldis has no (ilte^ but is in fkct 
Chaucer's Griselde, or The Gierke of Oxenforde* TaJe, wbicb, S6 the Gierke 
declares in his prologue, he teamed of Petrark at Padoa. A leaf in the MS. 
which contained the title ia loati unless it was transcribed fh)in an imperfect 
copy J as here it begins with the sixth stanza. 

Noble Markis, yowre humanyte 

Assurilh us and yevith hardy nesse, 

As oft as tymes is of necessite, i 

That we to yowe mowen telle our hevyness. 

Accepteth, lord, nowe of yowre genlibesse, 

That we with peteous hert onto ^owe pleyne, 

And lete not ^oure eris ray vois disdeyne. 

1 4 stanzas of 7 lines* 
Explicit prima pars, Et incipit secunda pars. 

Noght[fer] fro that paleyse honorable, 
Where as this Mark[i]sshope his manage. 
There stode a thrope of site delitable. 
In whiche that pore folke of that village 
Hadden here bestis and here herborage, 
And of her labour toke hare susty nance, 
Aftir that the erthe yeve hem habundaimce. 

35 stanzas. 

Explicit secufida pars. Et tjidpit pars iertia. 

Tharfille, as hit byfallith tymes moo, 

Whanne that this childe had sowked but a tbrowe. 

This Mark [is] in his hert longeth soo. 

To tenipte his wife hur sadnes for to knowe, 

That lie ne myght owte of his hert throwe 

Thi.s mervailous desire his wife to assay, 

Nedles, God wote, thought hur for to affray. 

33 atanEas. 
Explicit tertia pars, Incipit pars quarta. 

In this cstat ther passid bith fowre yere, 

Or shee with childe was, but as God woldc, 

A knave childe she bare bi this Waltere, 

Ful gracious and feire to beholde \ 

Andwhanne that folke hit to his fader tolde, 

Not only he but alio his country niery 

Was for this childe, and God Uiei thonke and hery. 

25 alanias. 

Explicit pars quartan et incipit pars quinia* 


Amoge alle this, afiir his wikked usage 
Thi8Maik[i]s yet his wife to terapte more> &c, 

56 fltaDza$«-^The last stanza follows : 

For wMche here for the Wifes love of Bathe, 
Whose life and alle her secte God menteyne 
In high maistre, aed els were it skalhe, 
I wil \\^th lusti hert fresche and grene, 
Say yowe a songe to glad yowe y wene, 
And let us stinte of ernestfiil matere, 
Herkenith my song that seithe in this manere. 


Griselde is dede and eke her pacience. 
And bothe y-buried atonys in Itaile; 
Wherefore I crie in open audience, 
No weddid man so hardi be to assaile 
His wifis pacience, in trist to finde 
Grisildis, ior in certeyne he schalle faile, 

O noble wifis, fill of high prudence ! 

Let no humihtee your tonge naile, 

Ne let no clerke have cause or diligence 

To writ of you a stori of suche merveile, 

As of Griseldis pacience and kj^nde. 

Lest Chy vache yowe swolowe in her entraile ; 

Folowith ekko that holdeth no silence, 

But ever aunswerid at oounlretaile, 

Beth nought bedalBd for your innocence. 

But sherply takith on pu the govemuile ; 

Emprentith wel this lessen in your mynde, 

For commine profite, sith hit may nought advaile. 

Ye leche wifes stondith at the defence, 
Sith ye bith strong as in a gret camaile ; 
Ne sufFrith nought that men doon yow offence. 
And sclenders wifis feble as in bataile, 
Beth egre as a tigre aonde in Inde, 
Ay clappith as a mylle, I 50W consaile, 

Ne dredelh hira nought, doth Idni no reverence, 

For thoghe ihi husbonde armed be in maile, 

The arowis of llii crabbid eloquence 

Shalle peirsche his brest and eke his ventaile. 

In jelousy y rede eke thowe him bynde, 

And thu schalt mak him cowcbe as doth a quaile. 


RBLiarif ANTIQU.«, 

3ef thou be faire, ther folk ben in presence^ 
Show thow thi visage and thyn apparaile ; 
Jef thow be fowle, be free of thyn dispence, 
To gete the frendis ay do thow thi travaile ; 
Be ay of chere as hghte as lefe on lynde, 
And lete him care and wepe, ^^Ting and waile. 

This worlhi Clerk whan endid was his tale, 

Owre oft saide and sware by Goddis bonls^ 

Me were lever than a barelle ale, 

My wife at home had herd tliis legend onys, 

This gentille tale for the nonys ; 

As to my purpos wiste ye my wille. 

But thing that wolle nat be lat it be stille. 


Hie pemtamjim, peniiet me si male scripd, 
qd* mprf. Anno domini 1457. 

O ye wymmen, which been enclyned, 
Bi enfluence of joure nature. 
To bene as pure as gool fined. 
In ^oure strenght for to endure, 
Arme your silfe in strong armoure, 
^ * ,x ^ "L^si men assaile your sikirnesse, 
' ' '^ ' ' Set on 30ur brest jour silve to assure 

' f A myghti schilde of doblenesse. 

I ^ • January 1841 , D* L^ Edinburgh* 


From BIS. Harl* dOlO, fot. d6, t. of tbe se^renteenth centuiy. 

When I came first to London towne, 

I was a novice, as most men are, 

Me thought the king dwelt at the sign of the Croun, 

And the way to heaven was through the Starr. 

I sett up my horse and w^alkt to PouleSj 
*' Lord !*' thought I» " what a churcli is heere !" 
And then I swore by all christen soules, 
Twas a myle long, or very necre. 

Nay, mee thought 'twas as high a-s a hill, 
A hill (quoth I), nay as a mountayn! 
Then up I went with a very good will, 
But gladder was to come downe againe. 


For on the topp my head tworo^d roond. 
For be it knowne to all christen people, 
That mans not a little waj^ from the ground, 
Thats on the topp of all Paules steeple. 

To Lndgate then I ran my race : 
When I was past I did backward looke, 
Ther I spyed Qaeen Elizabeth^s grace, 
Her picture guylt, for all gould I tooke. 

And as I came downe Lndgate hill, 

Whome should I meet but my good Lord Mayor? 

On him I gap'd as yongsters'stiU 

Gape on toyes, in Bartilmew faire, 

I know not which of 'era to desire, 
The mayor or the horse they were both so like; 
Their trappings so rich }'ou would admjTe, 
Their faces such, non could dislike. 

But I must consider perforce 
The saying of ould, so true it was, 
The gray mayor is the better horse, 
And all's not gould that sh^Ties lyke brass. 

In Fleet strete then I heard a sboote ; 
I putt of my batt. and I made no slaye, 
And when I came unto the rowte. 
Good Lord ! I heard a taber playe. 

For so, God save mee f a Morrys Daunce : 
Oh ther was sport alone for mee, 
To see the hobby horse how he did praunce 
Among the gingling company. 

I proffered tliem raoriey for their coats, 
But my conscience had remorse, 
For my father had no oates, 
And 1 must have had the hobbie horse. 

To see the Tombes was my desire. 
And then to Westminster I went, 
I gave one twoe pence for his hyre, 
'Twas the best two pence that ere I spent. 

" Here lyes" (quoth hee) " King Hery the third." 
'* Tis false,** said I, " hee speaks not a word." 
" And here is King Richard the seacond interd, 
And here is good King Edwards sword," 


I tooke a boate, and would stay no longer. 
And as 1 towards the Bridge did rowe, 
I and my selfe began to wonder, 
Howe that it was built belowe. 

But then my frend John Stow I remember, 
In*s Booke of London call'd the Survay, 
Saith that on the fifthe daye of September, 
With wooil sacks they did it underlay. 

Then through the Bridge to the Towre I went, 

With much a doe I wandred in. 
And when my penny 1 had spent, 
Thus the spokesman did begin* 

*' This lyon's llie Kings and tliis is the Queenes, 
And this is the Princes that stands by hym*" 
I drew nere not knowing which hee means, 
*' What ayle you, my frend, to go so nigh him 1'* 

" Doe you see the lyon, this that lyes downel 
Its Henry the Great, twoe hondred years olde." 
" Lord bless us " (quoth 1) " how he doth frown!*' 
" I tell you" (quoth hee) *' hee's a lyon boulde." 

Now was it late, I went to my Inne, 
I supt and I slept and I rose betymes. 
Not wak't with crowes nor ducks quackling. 
But with the no^^se of Cheepside chymes* 



From an unique copy in the Public Library of the Univereily of Cambridg^e, 
prlDtetl by Wynkyn de Worde. The great cimoaity as well as rarity of tbia 
tract will we tbink justify Ub being printed complete, in spite of a few gro«8 
passages wbicb it contains. 1 1 is chiefly an abridgment of a vcfy rare French 
tract with the same title, of which a copy fi preserved in the British MuAeum, 
and which far exceeds the present in grossnew* 

Deniaunde, Who bare the Lest burden that ever was bornel 
R. That bare the asse whan our lady fled with our lorde in- 
to Eg)T>te, Demaunde. Where became the asse that our 
lady rode upon? R, Adams moder dede ete her* De- 
maunde. Who was Adams modcr? R, The erthe. De- 
maunde. What space is from the hyest space of the se to the 
depest. R, But a stones cast. Demaunde. Whan Ante- 
cryst is come into this worlde, what thynge shall be hardest to 
hym to knowe. A hande barowe, for of that he simile not 

ft&tlQ'UI^ ANTIQUE. 


knowe whiche ende shall goo before, Deraaiuide, How many 
calves layles behoveth to reche frome the erlhe to the skye! 
R. No more but one and it be longe yeough. Dcmaimde* 
How many holy days be tliere in the yere that never fall on 
the Sondayes 1 R. There be eyght, that is to wctc the ihve holy 
dayes after Eester, iii. after >VTiyt Sondaye, the holy Ascen- 
cyon daye, and Corpus Crysty day. Demaunde, Whiche ben 
tfie truly est tolde thynges in the worlde! R. Those be the 
steyres of chambres and houses. Deoiaunde. Whiche parte of 
a sergeaunte Jove ye beste towarde you ? R. His heles, De- 
maunde. Whiche is the best wood and leestbrente? R. Vynes, 
Demaunde. Whiche is the inoost profytable beest and that men 
eteth Icest of 1 R. That is bees. Demaunde. Whiche is the 
brodest water and leest jeopardye to passe over ? R. The dewe. 
Demaunde. What thyngcs is it tliat the more that one dryidt- 
eth the lesse he shairpysse! R. It is fartes and fyestes, for 
who tliat drynketh a hondreth thousande they shall never 
pysse a droppe. Demaunde. What thynge is it that never 
was nor never shall be 1 R. Never mouse made her nest in a 
cattes ere, Demaunde. Why dryve men dogges out of the 
chvrchel R* By cause they come not up and offre. Demaunde. 
Why come dogges so often to tlie chyrchel R. By cause 
whan they se the aulters covered, they vvene theyr maysters 
goo Ihydere to dyner, Demaunde. Why dooth a dogge tourne 
hym thryes abouteor that he lyeth hyra downe! R. By cause 
he knoweth not his beddes hede from the fete* Demaunde* 
Why doo men make an oven in the towncl R* For liycause 
they can not make the towne in tlie oven. Demaunde. What 
beest is it that hath her tayle bytvvone her eyen ? R. It is a 
catte whan sche lycketh her arse. Demaunde. Whiche is the 
moost cleynlyest lefe amonge all other leves ] R. It is holly 
leves, for noo body wyll not wype his arse with them, De- 
maunde. Who was he that lete the fyrst farte at Rome 1 R. 
That was the arse, Demaunde. liow may a man knowe or 
perceyve a cow^e in a flocke of shepe? R. By syghte. De- 
maunde, What thynge is it that hathe homes at the arsel R. 
It is a sacke. Demaunde, What alnies is worst bestowed that 
men gyyel R. That is to a blynde man, for as he hathe ony 
thjnige gyven h>in, he wolde with good wyll se hym hanged by 
the necke that gave it hym. Demaunde. Wherfore set they upon 
chyrche steples more a cocke than a henne! R. Yf men sholde 
setle there a henne, she wolde laye egges, and they wolde fall 
upon mennes hedes, Demaunde. What thynge is it that hathe 
none ende 1 R, A bowle. Demaunde. What wode is it that 
never flyes reste upon 1 R. The claper of a lazers dysshe. 
Demaunde. How wolde ye saye two paterno.^ters for your 

VOL, U. L 


freiides soulc, and God never made but one paternoster] R. 
Saye one two tyineis* Demaunde. Wliiche ben the moostpTO- 
fy table sayntes in the chyrche] R. They that stonde in the 
glassc wyndowes, for they kepe out the wynde for wastynge 
of the lyghte, Demaunde. What people be they that never 
go a proccssyon ? R. They be those that rjTige the belles in 
the meane reason. Demaunde. What is it Uiat freseth never? 
R. That is bote water, Demaunde. What thynge is that, 
that is moost lykest unto a hors ] R* That is a mare. De- 
raaunde* Wherefore be there not as many women conteyned 
in the daunce of poules as there be men 1 R. Bycause a 
woman is so ferefall of herte that she had lever daunce amonge 
quycke folke than dede. Demaunde* Whiche is the clen- 
liest occupacyon that is? R, That is a dauber, for he may 
neyther shyte nor ete tyll he hath wasshed his hands. De* 
nuiunde. What daye in the yere ben the flycs moost aferde? 
R. That is on Palme Soiiday, whan they se every body have 
an Imudeful of palme in theyr hande, they wene it is to kyll 
iheym with. Dejuaunde. What tyme of the yere may may* 
dens moost with theyr honeste fye^t in the chyrchel R. In 
Lent season, for then every sayntes nose and face is covered 
so that they smell nothynge, Demaunde. What Ajmge is it the 
lesse it is the more it is dreddel R. A brydge. Demaunde. 
Wherefore is it that yonge children wepe as soone as ever they 
ben borne 1 R. Bycause theyr moder is noo more mayden. De- 
maunde, Wherlore is it that an asse hathe so grete eresl R. 
Bycause her moder put no begyn on her heed in her yought. 
Demaunde, What is it that is a wryte, and is no man, and he 
dothe that no man can, and yet it serveth bothe God and manl 
R. That is a be. Demaunde, Whiche w^as fyrst, the henneor 
the egge 1 R. The henne, whan God made her- Demaunde, 
Whye dothe an oxe or a cowe lyel R, Bycause she can not 
sytte, Demaunde. What people be they that love not in no 
wyse to be prayed for 1 R, They be beggers and poore people, 
whan men say, God helpo them! whan they aske almes. De- 
maunde. Howe many sir awes go to gose nest 1 R, None, for 
lacke of fete. Demaunde. What tyme in the yere bereth a gose 
moost feders 1 R. Whan the gander is upon her backe. De- 
maunde. What was he that slewe the lourthe parte of tlie 
worlde 1 P. Cayne, wiian that he slewc his broder Abell, in the 
whyche tyme w^as but foure persons in the worlde- Demaunde. 
Wnat was he that w^as begoten or his fader, and borne or his 
moder, and had the maydenhcde of his beldame! R. That was 
Abell, Demaunde, Wliat thre thynges be they that the 
worlde is moost mayntened by. R. That is to wete by wordes, 
erbes^ and stones. Why 1 with wordes man w*orshyppeth God, 



and as of erbes that is all maner of come that man is fedde 
with, and as stones one is thai gryiideth the corne and the other 
encreaselh the worlde. Demaunde. What is the aege of a 
felde mous 1 R. A yere, and a hedge may stande thre mous 
lyves, and the lyfe of a dogge is the terme ol thre hedges sland- 
ynge, and the lyfe of a hors is ilire dogges lyves, and the lyfe 
of a man is thre hors lyves, and the lyfe of a gose is thre 
ineiincs lyves, and the lyie of a swanne thre gose lyves, and the 
lyfe of aswalowe is three swanne Ivves, and the lyfe of an egle 
is thre swalowes lyves, and the lyfe of a serpent is thre egles 
lyves, and the lyfe of a raven is thre serpentes lyves, and the 
lyfe of a harte is thre ravens lyves, and an oke grow eth fy ve 
hondreth yere, and it ladeth fy ve hondreth yere, besyde the rote 
whiche doubleth three tymes everyche of the thre aeges afore- 
sayd. Demautide. A naan had thre doughters of thre aeges, 
which doughters he delyvered to sell certayne apples, and he 
toke to the eldest doughter L apples, and to the seconde .xxx. 
apples, and to the yongest ten apples, and all these tlire solde 
in lyke many for a peny, and brought home in lyke jnoche 
money, now how many solde eche of them for a penny? R. 
The yongest solde fyrst seven for a pt?ny, and the other two 
systers solde after the same pryce, than the eldest syster had 
one odde apple lefte, and the seconde syster two, and the 
yongest thre apples, now these apples lyked the hyer soo well 
that inc^ntynent he came agayiie to the yongest syster, and 
bought of her thre apples after thre pens a pece, than had she 
ten pens, and the seconde thoughte she wolde kepe the same 

Eryce, and solde her two apples for thre pens a pece and than 
ad she ten pens, and the eldest solde her one apple for tlire 
pens, and than had she ten pens, thus eolde they in lyke many 
apples for a peny and broughte home in lyke rnoclie money. 
Demaunde. What man is lie that geteth his lyvvnge back- 
warde? R. That is ropemaker. Demaunde, What people 
be iho that getethe theyr ly wynge moost mcrylyest 1 R. Tho be 
prestes and fullers, for one syngeth and the other dauncetb. 
Dematinde, What is he that made all and sold all, and he that 
bought and loste all ? R* A smyth made an all and solde 
it, and the shomaker that bought it lost it. Demaunde. 
Whether is it better to ly ve by thefte or by almcs dede ! R. 
The rewarde of thefte is to be hanged, and yf thou lyve by 
almes dedes, that is by beggers tordes. 

Thus endeth the Demaundes Joyous, iraprynted at London, 
in Flete Strete, at the sygone of the sonne, by me Wynkyn de 
Worde. In the yere of our lorde a M. ccccc and xi. 





From a MS. vol. fol. #210 b. lettered on the back *^ Metrical Romaneet 
and Moraiizatiotis,*' 4 th, written about the end of the fifteenth century, and 
preserved in the Advocates* Library » Edinburgh. 

This endurs nyjt I see a syghtj 

A sterre schone bryght as day, 
Aiid everynieng a meden song 

was, By, by, lulby ! 

This [endurs nyght J 

This lovely lad}^ sete and song, 

and tyll hur chyld con say, 
** My son» my lord, my fadur deyr, 

wliy lyns thou tlms in hey 1 
My none swete bryd, what art thu kyd 

and knowus thi lord of ey 1 
Never the lesse I will not sesse 

to syng, By, by, lulley !** 

This [endurs nyght,] 

This chyld ontyll is modur spake, 

and thus me thowght he seyd, 
'' I am kend for heven kyng, 

in cryb thowght I be leyd ; 
Angelis bryght schalle to me lyghtj 

?e wot ryght welle in fey; 
Off this be best, gyffe me ^owr brest» 

and syng, By, by, lulley !** 

This [endurs nyght,] 

" My aune der son, to the I say, 

thou art me lefe and derc ; 
How schiild I serve the to pey 

and plese on all manere 1 
All thi wyll I wyll fylfylle, 

thou wottes ryjt well in fay ; 
Never the le\'se I wyll not sesse, 

to syng, By, by, lulley !" 

This [endurs nyght.] 

" My dere moder, when tyme it be, 

je tak [me] up on loft, 
And 5iett me ry^t apon |Our kne^ 

and houdul me full soft; 
In loiir arme 36 kepe me warme. 



toth be nyght and day, 
Gyff I wepe and will not slepe, 
to syng, By, by, luUey f" 

This [endurs nyghtj 

'* My aune dere son, sen it is thus, 

that thou art lord of alle, 
Thou shuld have ordent the sum bydyng 

in sum kynge halle. 
Me thenkus aryght a kyng or a knyght, 

shuld be in rych arey. 
And jett for this I woll not seysse 

to syng, By and lulley !" 

This [endurs nyghtj 

" My aunc der son, to the I say, 

me Ihynkus it is no laye, 
That k}^lgus shuld com so fer to the, 

and thu not to them deny. 
Yow sarwn see the kyngus ,iii. 

apon the twelfe day, 
And for that sy^t ^e may be lyght, 

to syng By, by, loUe !*' 

This [endurs nyght.] 

'* May aune der son, sen it is thus, 

at all thyng is at wyll, 
I pray the grant me a bone» 

gyf it be ryght of skylle. 
Chyld or man that will or can, 

be mery on tliis gud day. 
To hevun blysse grawnt hit us, 

and syng/By, by, lulley r* 

^M 18 ^^^^^^^1 


^H From a MS, of Walter de Btbble«wor1h, in the Public Library of the ^^B 

^H UDiTenUy of Cambridge, writUn ia the reign of Edirard II. The tran»eripl | 

^H iras oiade some years ago, and waa 

it ia fe4ired do! alwaj* accurate. It has ■ 

MS. Arundel, No. 220. ^M 

^H be-litter, enfaurUer 

rok, palet ^H 

^H swath-clut, maylolez 

bissi, enieniives ^^M 

^1 a rockeir, berceir 

the gomes, gingives ^H 
honde, aleine ^^B 

^H cradel, berce 

^1 to crepe^ chatoner 

the throtebolle, le gargaie ^^M 

^H slaverez, i7 6aat?e 

miderede, U gist rate ^H 

^H fro slavering, d€ baamire 

faxwax, le wen au col ^^| 

^H a slsTHjring clout, une haatiert 

' kanel bon^, la/aurcde. ^H 

^H bi-lagge him, espaluer 

wombe, ventre ^^| 

^M laminge, maime 

back, dos ^H 

^B hurting, blesure 

bac bon, tesdne ^^M 

^H Btomble, ceste 

schuldir, espaul ^^M 

^M falle, chece 

arme, bras ^^M 

^H the scheld, la greve 

hfesie, peitrine ^^M 

^H the shed, la greve 

nethere, suzaine ^^H 

^H the feldefare, la gteue 

wangeteth, messeleres ^^M 

^M lockes, &^ cheveuz 

daike, unfossolet ^^| 

^m crispe, recercilks 

the skate, le filet ^H 

^H foretop, taup 
^M hechele, serences 

bole, molet ^^| 

ume,(]) kakenole ^^M 

^H a toppe of flax, de lin le toup 

of hemes, cervele ^^M 

^M athe toppe, au toup 

thone wonges, U gernmin ^^^| 

^m wind the yarne, desemes le toup schotder bon« blazoun ^^| 

^m hernepanne, hanepel 

armole, ascel ^^H 

^m brayi), cervele 

axetre, le escel ^^^H 

^m goundt^ chacicmse 

mist, le broil ^^| 

^M the gounde, chacie 
^m maldrop, la rupie 

erthe, soil ^^| 

strif, le toil ^^^ 

B preciouse stones, de la rvbie 

north best, le vent de bise ^^M 

' * the appcl of the eie, la prunel 

thowinge, remoil ^^M 

the eie lidde, le pauper e 

helbowes, coustez ^^H 

hares, les cils 

the virste, la koude de la mein S 

browes, les surcils, 

the back, la clay dehor (f) ^^^ 

therles, nariz 

the spone, galeins ^^H 

gmtel, tendraun 

the spen, galeijis ^^H 

the CO, la chouue 

a ribbe, une cosie ^^^H 

lippe, levere 

of a side, de une costee ^^M 

shzare, le penile ^^M 

the hare, leverer 

thees, [quisst/s] ^^M 

the pount, la liver 

bottokes, les nages ^^H 

bock, livre 

cliA, la/ourchure ^^| 

^^^^^^^^ RELIQm^ ANTIQUJK- 79 W 

riding, chemchuf€ 

stalk, resHche ^H 

i^gges, jaumbes 

Lore, pepiTiere ^^M 

knes, genois 

hertes, cer/s ^^M 

hammes, karrez 

cranes, gruwes ^^M 

Starke, rez 

VB,Tinz,perdriz ^H 
larkes, alounes ^^| 

hammes, garrez 

garthors, garelers 

cokes, poleins ^^M 

carteirs, charreUers 

cherles, des vileins ^^M 

kalf^ la zure 

smale briddes^ des oyseaux ^^| 

tri<^tes him, se assure 

mork, desfeiii^ (f) ^H 

shzin-bon, le kanel 

teles, cerceles ^^M 

sole, plaunte 

homing, jouper ^H 

to, wrtil 

berre, ourse ^^M 

hele, iaimm 

cow, vache ^H 

ankel, kenil 

low es, mugist ^^M 

pinne, hpiU 

crane, ^rut^^ ^H 

fierte, queir 

crekes, groxde ^H 


rounes, rougut ^^M 

bngen, pomoun 

basil, coudre ^^M 

milte. estphm 

quakes, /rouZe ^H 

tliarine, bouele 

neyes, A^nt>/ ^H 

^ kidenei, reynoun 

larke^ oZaz^^^? ^^| 

ma we, estomak 

croukes, gerisi ^H 

senewes, nerf 

cisses. q^e ^^H 

bleddre, vescie 

roreth^ recane ^^| 

helpe, ate 

suan, aVi^? ^^M 

thees, reynes 

cissez, recifle ^^M 

wolfe^ louwe ^H 

a skine, /)tf/ 

yolles, £m/e ^H 

hide, lapel 

berkes, bate ^^M 

fleyx, /a cAar 

suluuard, putois (?) ^^| 

wayn, le char 

stores, afraie ^^| 

scorn, 6.?cAar 

fox, joml ^^M 
weMeth, ckye ^H 
brocke, ihetson (?) ^H 



laste knel, /^ drener apel 

gandre ^H 

bokel, mor daunt 

quekez, taroile ^^| 

tongge, hardiloun 

quekine, ^roi/ ^H 

bore, ^^M 

trappe, garoile ^^M 

of a nalkin, defuUloun 

todej crapant ^^H 

lompe, hrihe [de blancpayn] 

crodetfa, mai^& ^^| 

szynere, vfie lesche 
schelle, Peschak 

frogge, reywe ^H 

snake, coluvre ^^M 

soiape, hume 

gris^ parcel ^^| 

yolke, mottuel 

winelh, jrms/ ^^| 

sterene, germinoun 

boor, cengler ^^| 

^^^ 40 RELIQtIIJi 

; ^^^^^^^^1 

^M yelleth, releie 
^H kide, cheverau 

&ike\,faucil ^^^^^H 

rep, siez ^^^^H 

^H mutterers^ cherist 

a repe, unjavele de ble ^^H 

^H bole, tor 

rejies, javeles ^^H 

^H yelleth, toririe 

szeves^ garbes ^^H 

^H souue^ tro^e 

a pese ns, tm warrock de pey9 ^^ 

^H gronnes^ ffroundile 

beene, favois ^^J 

^H drak, drache 

szeves, warrock ^^H 

^H doukere, phundur 

^g'^/e ^^H 

^H kakele^;, pa/i7e 

barli, or^e ^^| 

^H leyth, poune 

sarnel, yverai ^^H 

^H a herme, geline 

drauck, i^/e/ ^^| 

^H coppet, huppe 

thar, a;au;i ^^H 

^H and kakeles, <? spaUk 

koki), h neclO) ^H 

^H szepi 5^615 

bloweth, blauerole ^^| 

^H bleateth, da/ef'^ 

inalue, mauwe ^^H 

^H hoppetb, bale 

szerlok, caroil ^^H 

^H bagge, 6a/<? 

totelle, retreir ^^| 

^H gones^ baal 

haling wippe, Wo/e demener ^^H 

^H raxes bim, se espreche 

reke, may« ^^H 

^H neitei r^y 

stake, /Aa^.(49 ^^H 

^H hock, /t^^cAe 

reke, moiloun ■ 

^1 ring, tresche 

avenes eyles, (1) de* arestez I 

^H spade, besche 

biddesi, quUlez 1 

^H lompe, ahbesdie 

windewith, t?^^/?2 4^^ 

^H sziverei alesche 

grounden, 7710/u ^^H 

^H liketh, Z«^£:A4? 

grist, /^ moudre ^^| 

^H lappen« /7ez/er 

IB e) e , farin ^^H 

^H dewe, ro^4^ 

boltingcloth, le bulenge ^^H 

^H losengour,^a/^r 

branne,/o7^r/>e ^^H 

^H glouoden, espeluker 

ribbe, rastuer ^^H 

^H a mote, ponton 

trohw, moundez ^^H 

^H catel, aiieiV 

rake, ro^^^r ^^| 

^H have, ar«r 

ribbe, rastuer ^^H 

^H reed, soor 

trhow, /e af//^d ^^H 

^H reed, goules 

ferin,yet/^ere ^^H 

^H quene, r^ne 
^H frock, reyne 

the mower, lifauch^mtr ^^| 

mouwcth, fauche ^^H 

^H forwe, reyoun 

chaf,/ai7 ' ^H 

^H nette, rey 

stre, paille ^^M 

^H in mynhevedeloTide,e7i7n«yortff e pese stre, pessaz ^^B 

^H don out of tune, foremer 

bouse wif, h mesuner ^^| 

^H theC lets 

lynsede, lyneis ^^| 

^H si the, /a 1^ 

filaxlolles, buchraus ^^^| 

^H mowe,fai£€hes ^^^ 

wede hit, /e sarchez ^^H 

^H a swethe of mede, vne audeine rethe hit, /^' rehacz ^^H 

^H c/11 pr^'e 

druwe hit, /^ secchez ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^MLIQU I 

^ ANTIQUiB. 81 


swinglestock, pessel 

abidige, delai 


swingle, estuger 

gret pol, lag 


ribbe, rasiuer 

mire, belumay 


hechele, serence 

szyne, jiace 


rocche, conuil 

neth^ r^ 


werne, le vvelO) 

szine, nace 


^iime\, fiml 

ridel, cruiere 


flint, cailleun 

smale, mennement 


vir-liinie, lefmil 

the bothem, le gurget 


mulne spinel, (mo/w par &)/M*i7 domlicp, nare remrtezff) 


to the rel, au irauil 

fulthe, V ordure 


the yeme.Jilere 

tode, a^apaude 
henete, lezart 


to relend, irauUler 


tbarne-wiiide, la widere 

nedder, serpent 


to winden, wider 

snake, colure 


rel, tranil 

greet, gravele 


weven, iister 

flint, cadlmm 


a clewe, un Imsel 

snayl, lymacoun 


Wiiides, wtide 

piles, veinbergis 


werpen, peru le hai(?J 

telinge, mtUewel de mer 


spooles, iremes 

gappe, crevessoun 


a webbing szaly, une lame 

gtene balke, ijct-^ cerail 


breser, breser 

szadewe, umJbrail 


kistes, troces 

wode hevese, Tcmrail 


a keiex, unefrmole 

stepinstones, passueres 


a cake of spices, brakenole 

stremes, russeles 


fat, cwt^e 

hevese, hourail 


tepe, enfondrez 

lindes hurdes, le ketme laroun 


laden outh, descoude 

balke, tenail 


swepen, bakr 

bandcl, tenoun 


spired, germee 

tilicr, toiuyer 


malt, breez 

tonges^ tenaillea 


rouwas, rengeit 

coHes, carbuns 


lepe, MHi? corbail 

smith, fevre 


kulne, torrail 

thawetii, [degele] 


grounden, wio/w 

szbdinde, lulaunt 


mahssingfate, keuerel 

sletes, cymere 


wort, ier/tV 

a fiake of snowe. un awifs de 


grout, berzize 


berme, greste 

Iiaileth, grele 


hose, iiroc 

smale, grele 


honten, taper 

thooner, toner 


fische, pescher 

tliondres, loune 


laden ho lit, espuchez 

tonne, toujie 


pole, estamiche 

slepeth, toune 


arwei, des tor aunt 

wujeled, li eatomac 


VOL 11. M 


^^^ 83 BELiQirtii 


^H band moule, capimle 

tabart, hoide ^^^^^^| 

^H garloiid, chapeu 

helreD, sucan ^^^^H 

^^ bio^^eth, blauuerole 

wilwe, sauz ^^H 

^H keith, frivole 

hoke, dieine ^^| 

^H becippe hure^ Cacole 

w, eye ^^H 

^B pokes, veroles 

heire, sucy ^^| 

^H tnaselinges, les rugeroles 

houle, houswan ^^H 

^H pleyen, eshanoer 
^1 h^e.flmr de lys 

throstal, tymumz ^^| 

bosc, busson ^^^ 

^H golicle, ^ur de surcye 

osel, mer/e ^^H 

^H helpe, aye 

sheldedrake, Aer& ^^| 

^H kousloppe, primeveir 

stare, Jilaundre, ^^^ 

^H weibrede, plauntayne 

wodelarke, chalaundre ^^H 

^^k hertetong, cerlaunge 

criket, salemaundre ^^M 

^H chine, mceriez 

scheden him frome, espaundre V 

^H dayseio, consoude 

telles, espandi ^^B 

^M sraerdocke, [mercurial] 

schedes, espande ^^H 

^M surdoke,/«rc/tf 
^H roddok, h parele 

ilakerers, paunde ^^M 

spele, espander "^^1 

^H mog\^ ed^ nermoisB 

fumment^ etT^^ ^^H 

^V may the, ineroke 

sparwes, jnoschoms ^^M 

tuybil, bescujn 

swimmeth, 7?.ie ^^M 

*ry)i4K: I appiltre, pomer 

drounes, noe ^^M 

perctre, perere 

hores, nuduns(?) ^^H 

chiritre, cereiser 

rowen^ nager ^^H 

haish, freine 

bot, baieles ^^H 

brom, ffenet 

szipman, mariner ^^H 

ploiiitre, pruner 

snowe^ negger ^^H 

la we then, ceneiller 

flake.s, aumfes ^^H 

hawes, ceneilles 

woddekoc, oy^e/ a hi ^^^H 

slothorne, /owcfer 

roddocke, verder ^^^^ 

slos, fou€lernes 

forester, forester ^^H 

brere, eglenter 

wranne, /^ verender ^^^H 

hepes, pepermiges 

sUine, /r«^^/ ^^H 

bo astre, crekere 

stone, irescel ^^H 

bolas, crekes 

fithele, /a viele ^^M 

cirnetre, alter 

floute, frestele ^^| 

cirnesj alies 

titemose, musinge ^^H 

qiiincetre, coingner 

thour sekes, renge ^^M 

in stockes, neif coingner 

ther gurdelj ^a renge ^^M 

stockcs, ceps 

the rede tieyej la palenole ^^H 

a wegg, itn coigner 

golfinges, cardenerole ^^H 

box, buit 

boterfleie, papihuns ^^H 

palm tre, paumere 

this teles, chardum ^^H 

niapil, arable 

breres, runces ^^H 

holintre^ la houte 

greshop, grissilouH ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^^ EELIQUIjE aktiqujb. 83 I 

hirchoun, yrichoun 

axetre, essel ^H 

fieies, moiiclies 

pinnes, heies ^H 

gnattes, urues 

cloutes, juneres ^^M 

Betle, vrtic 

caribody, charlil ^H 

dike, afiede 

ranges, rideles ^H 

doukere, phmyoun 

staves^ roilouns ^H 

wipes, waneks 

nayles, clous ^H 
letnermclout, sauneres ^^M 

lanes, veneles 

faune, wanne 

laddres, escltelez ^^M 

haterade, haane 

axetre, clout, /* ad esselO) ^^| 

wildeges, un ouwe rosie 

armeholle, ascel ^H 

Tock, fru 

tbilles, 'lymons ^^| 

swalwe, arounch 

thillc liors, limower ^^M 

storck, ^{/goun 

womberop, venter ^^M 

' hevesing, ckeveround^ 

taylrop, vaimer ^^M 

1 swahve, arounde 

childing, gysme ^^| 

1 snyte, bekas 

thitle hors, limoner ^^| 

^ streiiig, alas 

eybe, bracerok ^^M 

■ kachoQ, kokel 

bicluppes, eok ^H 

^ wodewale, lorwl 

^innes, billez ^^M 
!iambrowes, esceles ^^| 

I brocke, tesschom 

1 fox, gupil 

homesi esselez ^^| 

halingwippe, la rioite ^^| 

, glading, rekeite 

;ode, aguilloim ^^H 

^ wcssele, beleih 

lorsoome, esile ^^| 

1 ratonz, raz 

scorn e, agaz ^^f 

inolde warpes, taupaines 

WLSpe, ^ar6a^ ^^| 

L tayl, Aaw 

watred, tt^ocz ^^| 

a boske of breres, la dume 

foth^ penaun ^^H 

fetheirs, la plume 

bandel, maunal ^^H 

poll, pluche 

sturtei ienoun ^^H 

dwemf, neim 

ploureste, aroilloun ^^M 

augulkoc, U7i treyn 

sheldebred, fescuchoun ^^| 

sleth, cet/n 

koltre, soke ^^M 

kart, un chareiie 

shzar, vomer ^^M 

weles, /e^ tros 

}lousbem, la haie ^^| 
legh, du haie ^^H 

boudes, bendeaus 

spokes, les rais 

yokes. Us jus ^^| 

bemes, les rats de soleil 

streingued, ariez ^^^ 

szlakes, le^ rates 

hele woth, la mesere ^^H 

buroles, les rats de chareiie 

huswif, mesnere ^^H 

navves, moyeaus 

haiward, /;y messere ^^H 

xaxes, rtioail 

the wineretre, le poutre ^^^k 

wel, la roef 

gistes, &5 soillouns ^^M 

volke, 7imiwe 
hei, roe/ 

pimie, A'tn/Z • ^^1 

nauger, /^ert? ^^M 

^^f 9i RELlQUtJl 


^H lachyes, grenchonm 

welwit, enftestrtch ^^^^H 

bees, des ces ^^^^H 

^m eplentes, trenchons 

swamnes* l^ decs ^H 

^H splentres, trenchons 

houny come^ brecche de met ^H 

^H gnav\'ijiges, trenchesoum 
^H lover^ aumettr 

baringes, bisseaus ^^^ 

lappes, escoiis ^^M 

^H therswalde^ la li/me 

steppes, escous ^^M 

^m hoverdorne, la sidlime 

bi-spirnet^ esclavote ^^| 

^M dorstodes, gyrneam 

steppes, esclos ^^| 

^H hokes, Us govns 

Boly doth,/a/e ioupe ^H 

^M hengles, verteveles 

wlafTez^ bauleye ^^| 

^H moc\i\x\,fimer 

stiyvele, nati^r ^^^ 

^H szhides, asteUs 

a pile of garlec, un aiUic ^^| 

^H annd hiraes, furchez deferz 

slaverelh, baave ^^| 

^H liambofs, osceks 

stotreth, il huge ^^| 

^H bolizi aune 

koker, deing ^^H 

^H aylis,/n'me 

whb spen » pleiser ^^M 

^H berche, /a/^^e 

kouwe, tusser ^^M 

^H becche^ defeu 

spele, estmiper ^^M 

^H gTenhed, vei'dmir 

bolke, rt/j[7er ^^M 

^H sparkes, esimcles 

spywe^ vomer ^^M 

^H imbrers^ 6rej?e^ 

cer, cerveile ^^M 

^H 6zlierd, tm leske 

wamblez, lauinber ^^M 

^H glading, £e/^ cA^e 

fleye, moudie ^^H 

^H bi]y8&eles,//r7U7n«ccAe« 

cheulkes, mnsche ^^M 

^H hendes, /ei bau^ 

suolwes, gousle ^^M 

^H 8yd es^ /e^ etir^jr 

bolke, rttper ^^M 

^H soly, sale 

spewe, vomera ^^^ 

^H hall, sale 

cranes, grues ^^M 

^H biselet, &>t«//;e 

pokockeSf poeuns ^^H 

^H nailes, les eles 

suannesy eyries ^^H 

^H fleyshhock, [oirtoun] 

kides, chevereaus ^^| 

^H huive, ronche 

porceaus,^^reeu« ^^H 

^H ladil, /a /£r2£cAe 

hennes, gelines ^^H 

^H szhikc, [Joneile] 

woddekoches, astiez ^^H 

^H szhikioston, lucchier 

feldefare^ gntes ^^^M 

^H wele, /W//ff 

larkes, aknves ^^H 

IVrL ^B 




From MS. No. 175, jji Ibe library of Caiiu College^ Cambridgt^ 

Lord, that is off mygtys most, 
Fadyr and sone aiid holy gost^ 

Br3mg us out off synne. 
And lene us grace so for to wyrke. 
To love bothe God and holy kyrke^ 

That may hevene wynne ! 
Lystnes, lordyngs that ben hende, 
Off ffaisnesse hou it wil ende, 

A man that ledes him therin. 

Off ffoure weddyd bretliryn I wole you i-tel. 
That wolden yn Yngelond go dwel, 

That sybbe wer nou3t off kynde. 
And alle four messangeres they were, 
That wolden yn Ynglond lettrys here. 

As it wes here kynde* 
By a fforest gan they mete, 
Wer a cros stoode in a strele. 

Be leff undyr a iynde. 

And as the story telles me, 
Ylke man was of dy vers cuntr^. 

In book i-wreten we ffynde. 
For love of here metyng thar, 
They swoor hem weddyd brethryn for ever mar, 

lo trewthe trewely dede hem bynde. 
The cldeste off hem ylkon, 
He was hyjt Athelston, 

The kings cosyn der. 
He was off the kyngs blood 
Hys eemes sone I undyrstood, 

Therfore he neyjyd hym ner. 
And at the laste, weel and fayr. 
The kyng hym dyyd wythouten ayr, 

Thenne was ther non hys pere 
But Athelston hys eemes sone. 
To make hym kyng wolde they noujt schon, 

To CO row no hym wyth gold so clere. 

Now was he kyng semely to se. 
He sendes afftyr hys brethryn there. 
And gaff hern her warysoun. 
The eldest brothir he made eerie of Dovre, 


And thus the pore man gan covre 

Lord off tour and toun* 
That oth3rr brothyr he made eerl of Stane, 
Egelond was hys name, 

A man off gret renoun* 
And gaff hym tyl hys weddyd wyff» 
Hys owne sustyr, dame Odyff, 

With gret devocyoan. 

The ferthe brothir was a clerk, 
Mekyl he cowdc off Goddys werk, 

Hys name it was Alryke. 
Cauntyrbury was vacant, 
And fel into that kynges hand, 

He gaff it hym that T^^^ke. 
And made hym bysschop of that stede, 
That noble clerke on booke cowde rede. 

In world was non hym lyche. 
Thus avaunsyd he hys brothyrs thorwj Goddis gras; 
And Athelston h3an selven was 

A good kyng and ryche. 

And he that was eerl off Stane, 
Ser Egeland was hys name, 

Was trewe as ^e schal her, 
Thorwj the my^t off Goddys gras. 
He gai upon the countas, 

Twoo knave chyldren dere. 
That on was ffyfftene wyntyr old, 
That other thryttene, as men me told, 

In the world was non her pere ; 
Also why t so H'lye fflour. 
Red as rose off here colour, 

As biyjt as blosme on brere. 

Bothe the eerl and hys wyff, 
The kyng hem lovede as hys lyff, 

And here sones twoo ; 
And offten sythe he gan hem calle, 
Bothe to boure and to halle. 

To counsayl whenne they scholde goo. 
That sere Wymound hadde gret enyye, 
That eerl off Dover, wyttyrlye 

In herte he was ful woo ; 
He thowjte al for here sake. 
False lesyngis on hem to make* 

To don hem brenne and sloo. 

And thanne sere Wymound hym bethoojte. 
Here love thus endure may nou^e, 

Tliorwj wurd oure werk may sprynge. 
He bad hys men maken hem jare, 
Unto Londone wolde he fare. 

To speke with the kyiige. 
Wheniie that he to Londone come. 
He mette with the kj'nge ful sone. 

He sayde, '* welcome, my derelyng !** 
The kyng hym fraynyd s^one anon, 
Be what way he hadde i-gon, 

Withouten ony d welly ng: — 

" Come thou oujt be Cauntytbery, 
There the clerkys syngen raery, 

Bothe erly and latel 
Hon faryth that noble clerk, 
That mekyi can on Goddys werk, 

Knowest thou 0U3t hys state T 
And come thou oujt be the eerl off Stane, 
That wurtby lord in hys wane, 

Wente thou oujt that gate! 
Hou fares that noble knyjt. 
And hys sones fayr and bryjt, 

My sustyr jiff that thou wate?" 

" Sere," thanne he sayde, " withouten les. 
Be C aunty the ry my way I ches^ 

There spak 1 with that dere ; 
Ryjt %veel he gretes thee that noble clerk, 
That rovkyl can off Goddys werk, 

In the w^orld is non hys pere. 
And also be Stane my w^iy I drowj, 
With Egeland I spak i-nowj, 

And with iJie counlesse so clere ; 
They fare weel, is nou^t to layne, 
And bothe here sones.** — ^The kyng was frayne, 

And in hys herte made glad chere, 

" Sere kyng," he sayde, " ^iff it be tht wiJle, 
To chaumbyr that thou woldest wenden tylle, 

Counsayl for to here, 
I schal the telle swete tydande, 
Ther comen never non in this lande, 

Off all this hundryd jere/' 
The kyngis herte than was ful woo, 
With that traytour for to goo» 




They wente botlie forth in ffere ; 
And whenne that they were the chaumbyr withinne, 
False lesyngs he gan begynne, 

On hys weddyd brothyr dere. 

" Sere kyng,'* he sayde " woo were me, 
Ded that I scholde see the. 

So moot I have my lyff ! 
For, by hym that al thys world wan ! 
Thou ha'^t makyd rae a man, 

And i-holpe me ffor to thryff. 
For in thy land, sere, is a fals traytour, 
He wol doo the niykyl dyshonour, 

And brynge the on ly ve* 
He wole deposcn the slyly, 
Sodaynly than schalt thou dy. 

Be Crystys woundys ffyve !" 

Thenne sayde the kyng, '* so moot thou the ! 
Knowe I that man and I hym see I 

His name thou me telle/' 
** Nay," says that traytour, ** that wole I noujt. 
For al the gold that evre was wroujt, 

Be masse book and belle, 
But jiff thou me thy trow the wil plyjt, 
That thou schalt nevere bewreye the kny;t 

That the the tale schalf telle/' 
Thanne the kyng hys hand up raujte, 
That flalse man his trowthe be-taujte, 

He wa> a devyl off helle. 

" Sere kjiig," he sayde, " thou madyst me km^t, 
And now thou hast thy trowthe me ply^t, 

Oure counsayl for to layne, 
Sertaynly it Is non otbir, 
But Egelane thy weddyd brothir. 

He wolde that thou were sLiyne. 
He dos thy sustyr to undyrstande, 
He wole be kyng off thy lande, 

And thus he begynnes here trayn. 
He wole the poysoun ry^t slyly, 
Sodaynly thanne schalt thou dy» 

Be hym that suffryd payne !'* 

Thanne swoor the kyng be cros and roode, 
" Meete ne dryiik schal do me goode, 
Tyl that he be dede. 


Bothe lie and hys wyff, hys soones twoo, 
Schole they nevere be no moo 

In Yngeloiid on that stede," 
'* Nay," says the traytour, "so moot I the! 
Detl wole I nouit my brothir se, 

But do thy beste rede/' 
No longere there then woldc he lende^ 
He takes hys leve, to Dovere gan wende, 

God geve hym schanie and dede! 

Now is that traytour hom i-went ; 
A messangere was aflFtyr sent, 

To speke with the kyng. 
I wene he bar his o^vne name. 
He was hoteu Athelstane, 

He was foundelyng. 
The lettrys were i-maad fullyche thare, 
Unto Stane for to ffare, 

Withouten ony dwellyng, 
To ffette the eerl and his sones twoo, 
And the countasse alsoo, 

Dame Edyve, that swete thyng. 

And in the lettrc jit was it tolde, 
That the kyng the ee^l)^s sones wolde 

Make hem bothe knyjt. 
And therto his seel he sette ; 
The messanger wolde nou^t lette. 

The way he rydes ful ry^t* 
The messanger, the noble men, 
Takes iiys horse and forth he wan, 

And hyes a ful good spede. 
The eerl in hys halle he fande. 
He took hym the letter e in his hande, 

Anon he bad hym rede. 
** Sere," he sayde al so swy the, 
"This lettre oujte to make the blythe, 

Thertoo thou take good hede, 

'* The kyng wole for the cuntas sake, 
Bothe thy sones knyjtes make, 

To London 1 rede the spede. 
The kyng wole for the cunlas sake, 
Botlie thy sones knyjtes make. 

The blythcre thou may be. 
Thy ffayre wylT wyth the thou bryng, 
And ther be ry^t no lettyng, 


VOL. lU 


That syjte that sche may see.*' 
Thenne sayde that eerl with herte mylde, 
" My wyrfgoth ryjt gret wj^th chylde, 

And for-thynkes me, 
Sche may nowjt out off chaumbyr wyn. 
To speke with iion eiide of here kyn^ 

Tyl sche delyvryd be/* 

But into chauoibyr they gunne wende, 
To rede the lettrys before that hende, 

And tydynges tolde here Boone, 
Then sayde the cuntasse, " so moot I the ! 
I wil noujt lette tyl I there be. 

To morwen or it be noone. 
To see hem knyjtis roy soiies ffre, 
I wole noujt lette tyl 1 there be, 

I schal no lengere dwelle, 
Cryst for ^elde my lord the kyng. 
That has grauntyd hem here dubby ng ! 

Myn herte ys gladdyd welle." 

The eerl hys men bad make hem 3are| 
He and hys wyff fforth gunne they far, 

To London ffaste they wente. 
At Westemynster was the kyngys wone, 
Ther they mette wyth Athelstone, 

That afftyr hem hadde sente. 

The good eerl soone was hent. 
And fetrj'd faste verayment, 

And hys sones twoo, 
Fu! lowde the countasse gan to crye, 
And sayde^ " goode brothyr, mercy! 

Why wole 30 us sloo 1 
What have we a^ens jow done, 
That ^e wole have us ded so soone ? 

Me thynkith je arn oure ffoo/* 
The kyng as wood lerde in that stede, 
He garte hys sustyr to prysun lede, 

In herte he was ful woo. 

Then a aquyer was the countasses ffrende. 
To the quene he gan wende, 

And U'dyngis tolde here soone, 
Gerlondes on chyryes off sche caste, 
Into the halle sclie'come at the laste, 

Long or it were noone ; 
** Sere kyng, I am before the come, 


With a chyld doubter or a sone, 

Graunte me my bone. 
My brothir and sust)T that I may borwe, 
Tyl the nexte day at moiwe. 

Out off here paynys stronge; 
That we mowe wete be comoun sent, 
In the playoe parlement, 


" Dame/' he sayde, "goo ffro me. 
Thy bone schal notijt grauntyd be, 

I do the to undyrstande. 
For, be hym that weres the crowne of thorn I 
They schole be drawen and hangyd to-morn, 

Jiff I be kyng off lande." 

And whenne the qwene these wurdes hcrde. 
As sche hadde be beten with jerde» 

The teeres sche leet doon falle* 
Sertaynly, as I jow tell, 
On her bare knees doun sche felle, 

And prayde jit for hem alle. 
" A I dame !" he sayde verrayment, 
'*Hast thou broke my comaimderaent. 

Abyyd ful dere thou schalle 1'* 
With hys foot, he wolde nou^t wonde, 
He slow| the chyld ry^t in her wombe, 

Sche swownyd amonges hem alle* 

Ladyys and maydenys that there were. 
The qwene to here chaumbyr bere. 

And there was dool i-now^ ; 
Soone wythinne a lytyl spase, 
A knave chyld i-born there wase^ 

As bryjht as blosme on bowj ; 
He was bothe whyt and red, 
Off that dynt was he ded, 

Hys owne fadyr hym slow^ ; 
Thus may a traytour Laret rayse. 
And make raaove men ful evele at ayse, 

Hym seiff nowjht afftyx it low^. 

But pi tho qwene, as je schole here, 
Sche callyd upon a messangere, 

Bad hym a lettre ffonge ; 
And bad hym wende to Cauntyrbery, 
There the clerkys syngen mery, 

Bothe masse and even-songe. 


** This lettre tliou the bysschop take, 
And praye hym for Goddys sake, 

Come borowe hem out off here bande ; 
He wole doo more for hym, I wene, 
Thamie for me thowj I be qwene, 

I doo the to undyrstande. 

An eerldom in Spayne I have of land, 
Al I sese into thyn hand, 

Trewely as I the hyjt ; 
An hundred besanntys off gold redj 
Tliou may save hem from the ded, 

Jiff that thyn hors be wyjt/* 
" Madame, brouke weel thy moreyeve, 
Also longe os thou may leve, 

Therto have I no ry^t ; 
But off thy gold and off thy flee 
Cryst in hevene for-jelde it the, 

I wolle be there to ny^t. 

Madame, thrytty mylesoff hard way, 
I have reden sith it was day. 

Full sore I gan me swynke. 
And ffoT to ryde now ffy ve and twenti theretoo. 
An hard thyng it were to doo» 

For sothe ryjt as me thynke. 
Madam, it is ner hand passyd prime. 
And me belioves al for to dyne, 

Bothe wyn and ale to drynke ; 
Whenne I have dynyd thenne wole I fare, 
God may covere hem off here care, 

Or that I slepe a wynke/' 

Whenne he badde dynyd he wente his way, 
Al so faste as that he may, 

He rod be Chary nge Cros, 
And entrj'd into Flete strete, 
And seththyn thorwj Londone, I jow hete. 

Upon a noble hors. 
The messanger, that noble man, 
On Londone brygge sone he wan, 

For his traveyle he hadde no los# 
From Stone into Steppjn^g-bourne, 
For sothe his way wolde he nowjt tourne, 

Sparyd he nou^t for myre ne mos. 

And thus hys way wendes he, 
Fro Osprynge to the Blee, 

Thenne myjt he see the tmm 


OffCauntyrbery, that noble wyke, 
Therin lay that bysschopryke, 

That lord of gret renoim ; 
And whenne they run gen undern belle, 
He was in Londone, 1 30W telle, 

He was nouer redy ; 
And jit to Cauntyrbery he won, 
Longe or evensonge began 

He rod mylys ffyffty. 

The messanger no thyng abod^ 
Into the palays forth he rod. 

There that the bysschop was inne ; 
Ry^t welcome was the messanger, 
That was come from the quewne so cleer^ 

Was of so noble kynne. 
He took hym a lettre ful good speed. 
And sayde, *'sere bysschop, have this and reed/' 

And bad hym come \s^ith hym ; 
Or he the lettre hadde halff i-reddci 
For dool hym tliow^te hys herte blede, 

The teeres ffyl ovyr hys chyn. 

The bisschop bad sadele hys palfray. 
Also ffasle as thay may, 

'* Bydde my men make hem jare, 
And wendes before," the bysschop dede say, 
" To my maneres in the way, 

For no thyng that je spare ; 
And loke at ylke ffy ve mylys ende, 
A ffresch hors that I ffynde, 

Schod and no th;^Tig bore ; 
Blythe schal I nevere be, 
Tyl I my weddyd brothir see, 

'to kevre hym out off care/' 

On nyne palfrays the bisschop sprong, 
Ar it was day from evensong. 

In Romannce as we rede ; 
Certaynly, as 1 pw telle. 
On Londone brygge ded down felle 

The messangeres stede. 
'* Alias !" he sayde, *' that I was born. 
Now is my good hors forlorn. 

Was good at ylke a need ; 
Jisterday upon thegrounde. 
He was wurth an hundryd pounde, 

Ony kyng to lede/* 



Thenne bespak the archebysschop, 
Oare gostly fadyr undyr God, 

Unto the messangere, 
" Lat be thy menyng off thy stede, 
And thynk upon oure mykyl nede. 

The whylys that we ben here ; 
For jiff that I may my brothir borwe, 
And bryngen hym out off mekyl sorwe. 

Thou may make glad chere ; 
And thy warysoun I schal the geve. 
And God have grauntyd the to leve 

Unto an hundryd jere/* 

The bysschop thenne noujt ne bod, 
He took hys hors and forth he rod, 

Into Westemynstyr so lyjt, 
The messanger on his ffoot alsoo ; 
With tlie bysschop come no moo, 

Notfier squyre ne knyjt, 
Upon the morwen the kyng aros, 
And takes the way to the kyrke he gos. 

As man of mekyl myjt ; 
With him wente bothe preest and clerk, 
That mykyl cowde off Goddys werk. 

To praye God for the ryjt. 

Whenne that he to the kyrke comei 
To-ffore the rode he knelyd anon, 

And on hys knees he felle ; 
'* God, that syt in trynyte, 
A bone that thou graunte me, 

Lord ! as thou harewyd helle ; 
Gyltles men ^iff they he 
That are in my presoun ffree. 

For ciirsyd there to ^elle. 
Off the gylt and they be dene, 
Lene it moot on hem be sene. 

That garte hem there to dwelled' 

And whenne he hadde maad hys pryer, 
He lokyd up into the qweer. 

The erchebysschop sawe he stande ; 
He was for wondryd off that caas, 
And to liyra he wente apas, 

And took hym be the hande, 
" Welcome/' he sayde, *' thou erchebysschop, 
Oure gostly fadyr undyr God,'* 

He swoor be God levatide, — 


" Weddyd brothir, weel moot thou spede, 
For I hadde oevre so mekyl nede 
Sith I took cros on hande.** 

" Good weddyd brothir, now turne thy rede, 
Doo not thyn owne blood to dede 

But jiff it wurthy were ; 
For hyoi that weres the corowne off thorn, 
Lett me borwe hem tyl to- morn, 

That we mowe enquere ; 
And weten alle be comoun asent. 
In the playne parlement, 

Who is wurthy be schout. 
And but jiff je wole graunt my bone, 
It schal us rewe both or none, 

Be God that alle thyng lent !" 

Thanne the kyng wax wrothe as wynde ; 
A wodere man rayjte no man fynde, 

Than he began to be. 
He swoor be othys sunne and mone, 
" They schole be drawen and hangyd or none 

With eyen thou schalt see. 
Lay doun tliy cros and thy staff. 
Thy mytyr and thy ryng that I the gaff. 

Out off my lande thou fflee : 
Hyje the faste out off my syjt, 
Where I the mete thy deth is dy^t, 

Non othir then schal it be." 

Thenne be-spak that erchebysschop, 
Oure gostly fadyr undyr God, 

Smertly to the kyng, 
*' Weel I wot that thou me gaff 
Bothe the cros and the staff, 

The myt)T and eke the ryng. 
My bysschopryche thou reves me, 
And Crystendome forbede I the, 

Freest schal there non syngge ; 
Neyther maydyn chyld ne knave, 
Crystjmdom schal ther non have, 

To care I schal the brynge. 

I schal gare crye thorwi ylke a toun. 
That krekys scholo be oroken doun. 

And stoken agayn with thorn^ 
And thou schalt lygge in an old dyke, 
As it were an heretyke^ 



Alias ! that thou were bom ! 
)iff thou be ded that I may see^ 
Aaoylyd ^holt thou nevte bee, 

Thanne is th^ soule in sonre. 
And I schal wende in uncouthe pond]. 
And gcte me stronge men of bond. 

My brotliir jit schal I borwet 
I schal brynge upon thy lond, 
Hungyr and thyrsi ful strongs 

Cold, drou^the, and sorwe. 
I schal noujt leve on thy lond 
Wurth the gloves on thy bond. 

To begge ne to borwe.*' 

The bysschop has his leve tan, 
By that his men were comen ylkan, 

They sayden ** sere, have good day !" 
He entryd into Flete strete. 
With lordys of Yngelond gan he mete. 

Upon a nobyl ray ; 
On her knees they kneleden adoun. 
And prayden hym off hys benysoun ; 

lie nykkyd hem with nay ; 
Neyther of cros ncy ther off ryng, 
Hadde they non kyns wetyng, 

And thanne a kny^t gan say : 

A kny^t thanne spak, with my Me voys, 

" Sere, where is thy ryng 1 where is thy croys T 

Is it ffro the tan ] 
Thanne he sayde, " ^oure cursyd kyng 
Hath me refft off a! my thyng. 

And off al my worldly wan ; 
And I have entyrdyted Yngelondej 
Ther schal no preest synge masse with hond, 

Chyld schal be crystenyd non ; 
But ^iff he graonte me that knyjt, 
Hys wyff and chyldryo fayr and bryjt, 

"He wolde wyth wrong hem slon," 

The knyjt sayde, *' bysschop, turne agayn. 
Off thy* body we are ful fayn ; 

Thy brothir jit schole we borwe ; 
And but he graunte us oure bone, 
Hys presoun schal be broken soone, 

Hymsclff to mekyl sorwe. 
We schole drawe doun bothe halle and boures, 
Bothe hys castelles and hys toures, 



They schole ligge lowe and holewe ; 
Tbowj he be kyng and were the coroun, 
We scholen hym sette in a deepe dunjoun, 

Oure Crystyndom we wole folewe." 

Thanne as they spoken off tliis thyng, 
Ther comen twoo kny^les ffrom the kyng. 

And sayden, " bysschop, abyde, 
And have thy cros and thy ryng, 
And welcome whyl that thou w^ylt lyng; 

It is noujt for to hyde. 
Here he grautitys the the knyjt, 
Hys wyK and chyldryn, fayr and bryjt, 

Agayn I rede thou ride ; 
He praycs the pour charyt^. 
That he njy^te asoylyd be. 

And Yngelond long and wyde/* 

Hereoff the bysschop was ffal ffayn, 

And tumys hys brydyl and wendes agayn, 

Barouns gunne with hym ryde 
Unto the broke ne cros of ston, 
Thedyr com the kyng fid soone anon, 

And there he gan abyde ; 
Upon hys knees he knelyd a-doun, 
And prayde the bysschop off benysoun, 

And he gaff hvm that tyde. 
With holy watyr and orysoun, 
He asoylyd the kyng that w^eryd the coroun, 

And Yngelond long and wyde. 

Then sayde the kyng anon ry^t, 
" Here I graunte the that kny^t. 

And hys sones ffree. 
And my sustyr hende in halle, 
Thou hast savyd here lyvys alle, 

1-blessyd moot thou bee/* 
Theiine sayde the bysschop al so soone, 
" And I schal geven swylke a dome 

With eyen that thou schalt see; 
3iff thay be gylty of that dede, 
Sorrere the doorae thay may^ drede, 

Than schewe here schaine to me/ 

Whanne the bysschop hadde sayde soo, 
A gret ffyr was maad ry3t thoo, 

In Romaunce as we rede ; 
It was set that men my^te knawe 


96 nzLiqviM antiqujb. 

Njne plow^ lengthe on rawe^ 

As rede as ony glede. 
Thanne sayde the kyng " what may this mene ?" 
" Sere, off gylt and thay be dene, 

This doom hem thar iiou^t drede?" 
Thanne sayde the good kjiig Alhelston, 
" An hard doome now is this on. 

God graunte us alle weel to spede !*' 

They fetten forth sere Egelan, 
A trewere eerl wa.s there nan. 

Before the flyr so bry:jt ; 
Ffrom hym they tokon the rede scarlet. 
Bo the hosyn and schoon that weren hym met 

That fel al ffor a knyjt. 
Nyne sythe the bysschop halewid the way, 
That his weddyd brothir schokle goo that day, 

To praye God for the ry^t. 
He was unblemyschyd ffbot and hand, 
That saw^ the lordes off the land, 

And thaokyd God off hys my^t. 
They ofleryd hym with mylde chere 
Unto seynt Powlys hey^e awtere, 

l*hat mykyl was offmyjt. 
Down upon hys knees he fellc, 
And thankyd God that harewede helle, 

And hys modyr so bryjt. 

And ^it the bysschop tho gan say. 
Now schal ihe cliyldryn gon the way 

That the fadyr 3ede, 
Ffro hym they tooke the rede scarlette, 
The hosen and schoon that weren hem mete. 

And al lier worldly wede. 
The ffyr was bo the hydous and red, 
The chyldryn swownyd as they were ded, 

The bysschop tyl hem jede, 
With careful herte on hem gan look, 
Be hys hand he hem yp took, 

" Chyldryn, have ^e no drede !" 

Thanne the chyldryn stood and low^, 
" Sere, the fyr is cold i-now^," — 

Thorwjout he went a pase. 
They weren unblemesshyd foot and hand ; 
That sawj the lordys off the land, 

And thankyd God of his grace* 
They offeryd thanne w^th mylde chere 



To seynt Poulys that hy^e awtere, 

This myracle scliewyd was there. 
And 51 1 the bysschop efft gan say, 
*' Now schal the countasse g^oo the way. 
There that the chyldryn were," 

They fetten forth the lady mylde, 
Sche was ful gret i-gon wyth chylde, 

In Romaunce as we rede ; 
Before the fyr when that sche come, 
To Jhesu Cryst she prayde a bone, 

That leet hys wouiidys blede, 
" Now God, lat nevre the kyngys foo 
Quyk out off the ffyr goo !'* 

TherofFhadde sche no drede; 
Whenne sche hadde maad her pryer, 
Sche wns brou|t before the ffeer, 

That brcnnyd hothe fayr and bry^t. 

Sche wente ffro the lengthe into the thrydde, 
Stylle sche stood the ffyr amydde, 

And callyd it nierye and bry^t. 
Harde schowrys thenne tooke here stronge. 
Both in bak and eke in wombe. 

And sith then it ffel at syjt 
Whenne that here paynys slakyd was^ 
And sche hadde passyd that hydous pas. 

Here nose barst on bloode ; 
Sche was unblemeschyd ffoot and hand. 
That sawj the lordys off the lande^ 

And ihankyd God on rode. 

They comanndyd men here away to drawe^ 

As it was the landys lawe, 

And ladyys than tyl here ^ode, 
Sche knelyd down upon the grounde, 
And there was born seynt Edemound, 

I-blessyd be that IFoode ! 
And whaone this chyld i-born was. 
It was broujt into the plas, 

And was bothe hool and sound ; 
Bothe the kyng and bysschop ffree. 
They cryst nyd the cbyld that men my^t see. 

And callyd it Edemound; 
" Halff ray land, '* he sayde, *' I the geve, 
Also longe as I may leve, 

With raarkys and with pounde, 
And al afftyr my dede. 



Yngelond to wysse and rede/* 

Now i-Llessyd be thai stounde I 

Thenne sayde the bysschop to the kyng, 
'* Sere, who made this gret lesyng ? 

And who wroujte al this bale V* 
Thanne sayde the kynge, " so moot I thee. 
That schalt ihoii nevere wete for me, 

In burgh neyther in sale. 
For I have sworn by seytit Anne, 
That I schal nevere bewreye that manne. 

That me gan telle that tale ; 
They arn savyd thorwj thy red, 
Now lat al this be ded, 

And kepe this counseyl hale/* 

Thenne swoor the bysschop ** so moot I the ! 
Now I have power and dignyt^. 

For to asoyle the as clene 
As thou were hoven off the fount ston, 
Trustly trowe thou ther upon, 

And holde it for no wene. 
I swere botJie be book and belle. 
But jiff thou me liis name telle, 

The ry^t doom schal I deme. 
Thy selff schalt goo the ry:jt way, 
That thy brother wente to-day» 

Thouj it the evele beseme/* 

Thenne sayde the kyng, " so moot I the ! 
Be schryrfte offmoutbe telle I it die, 

iTherto I am unblyve ; 
Certaynly it is non othir 
But Wy mound owre weddyd brothlr, 

He wole nevere thry%^e/' 
" Alias/' sayde the bysschop than, 
" I wende he were the treweste man 

That evere jit levyd on lyve ; 
And he with this ateynt may be, 
He schal be hongyd on trees three, 

And drawen with hors ffyve/* 

And whenne that the bysschop the sothe bade, 
That that traytour that lesyng made. 

He callyd a messangere, 
And hym to Dovre that he scholde founde, 
Ffor to fette that eerl Wy mound, 

That traytour has no pete. 


'^ Sere Egelane and hys sones be slawe^ 
Bothe i-hangj^d and to-drawe, 

Doo as I the lere, 
The countasse is in presoun done, 
Schal sche nevere out off presoun come 

But ^iff it be on here," 

Now wiih the messanger was no badde. 
He look his hors as the bysschop radde. 

To Dovre tyl that he come ; 
The eerl in hys hall he ffaiid, 
He took hym the lettre in his hand^ 

On hyj wolde he nou^t wone; 
'* Sere Egelane and his sones be si awe, 
Bothe i-haagyd and to-drawe, 

Thou getyst that eerl dome : 
The countasse is in presoun done, 
Schal sche nevre more out come, 

Ne see neyther sunne ne mone/* 

Thanne that eerl made hym glade, 

And thankyd God that lesyng was made, 

•* It hath gete me this eeridome/* 
He sayde, " ffelawe, ryjt weel tliou bee ! 
Have here besauntys good plente, 

Ffor thyn hedyr come." 
Thanne the messanger made is mon, 
" Sere, off joure goode hors lende me on. 

Now graunte me my bone ; 
Ffor jystyrday deyde my nobyl stede. 
On joure arende as I jede 

Be the way as I come/' 

** Myn hors be fatte and corn fed. 
And off thy lyff I am a died/' 

That eerl sayde to hym than ; 
" Thanne jiff myn hors schobie the sloo, 
My lord, the kyng, wolde be ful woo, 

To lese swylk a man/* 
The messanger 311 he broujle a stede. 
On off the beste at ylke a nede 

That evere on grounde dede gange, 
Sadelyd and brydelyd at the beste; 
The messanger was ful presie, 

Wyjtiy on hym he sprange. 

" Sere/' he sayde, " have good day ! 
Thou schalt come when thou may, 



I schal make the kynge at hande/* 
Wyth sporys faste he strook the stede, 
To Gravysende he come good spede, 

Is ffourty inyle to ffande. 

There the messanger the traytour abood, 
And selhthyn bothe in same they rod, 

To Westemyristyr wone ; 
In the palays there thay lyjt. 
Into the halle they come tul ry^t, 

And mette with Athelstone. 
He wolde have kyssyd his lord swete : 
He sayde, "traytour, noujt jit lete^ 

Be God and be seyiit Jhon ! 
Ffor thy falsnesse and tliy iesyng, 
1 slow 3 myn heyr scholde have ben kyng 

Wherme my lyf hadde ben gon/* 

There he denyyd faste the kyng, 
That he made nevere thai lesyng. 

Among hyi5 peres alle ; 
The bysschop has hyra be the band tan^ 
Fforth in same they are gan 

Into the wyde hallo, 
Myjte he nevere wyth crafft ne gynne, 
Gare hym scbry yen off hys synne, 

Ffor noujt that my^t befalle. 

Thenne sayde the goode kyng Athelston, 
" I,et hym to the ffyr gon. 

To prcve the trevvethe in dede." 
Whenne the kyng hadde sayd soo, 
A gret Ayr was niaad thoo, 

In Roraaunee as we rede ; 
It was set, that men my^ten knawe, 
N)^ne plowj Icnge on rawe, 

As rede as ony glede ; 
Nyne sythis the bysschop halewes the way, 
That that traytour schole goo that day. 

The wers hym gan to spede. 

He wente ffro the lengthe into the thrydde, 
And there lie ffef the ffyre amydde, 

Hys eyen wolde hym noujt lede. 
Than the eerlys chyldryn were war ful smerte, 
And wyitly to the traytour sterte, 

And out off the ffyr hym hade. 
And sworen bothe by book and belle. 


** Or that thou deye thou schalt telle, 
Why thou that lesyiig made,'* 

" Sertayn I can non othir rede, 
Now I wot I am but dedei 

I telle jow no thyng gladde ; 
Sertayii there was non othir wyte, 
He lovyd hym to raekyl and me to lyte^ 

Therffore envye I hadde." 

Whenne that traytour so hadde sayde, 
Ffy ve goode hors to hym were tayde, 
That alle myiton see wilhy^e; 
They drowen hyra tnorw^ iike a strete. 
And seththvn to the elmes, I ^ow hete, 

And hongyd hym ful hyje. 
Was ther nevere man so hardy, 
That durste ffelle hys ffalse body. 
This hadde he ffor hys lye. 
Now Jhesu that is hevene kyng, 
LevG nevere traytour have betere endyng, 
But swych dome Hot to dye ! 
Tbe MS, whicb contatni the foregoing rota an ee appears to have been 
writt€u about Lhe middle of the fourteenth century, 



From MS. Cotion* Tiluis, D, xxiv, fol. 74, v", of the thirteenth ccntary. 
It Is the conctuditig portion of n poem attributed in the MS. to St. Patricki 
but this ii of course altogether IkucifuL 

De Jiebus HibernicB Admtrandis, 

Hts ita prodigiis signisque per omnia dictis, 
Nunc quoque describam palriae miracula nostra 
Nomine qua* proprio vocitatur Hibernia cunctis. 

Finibus in nostris famosa est insula parva. 
Qua? satis exanimes corruptos impedit esse 
Vel putridos tabo, carnem sic efficit omnem; 
lUic cernit awm quisquam retinere figuram, 
Cujus ibi crescunt ungues siroul atque capilli. 

Terraque nostra tenet stagnum quod continet Istam 
Vim, qua ligna solent lapides mox esse sub undis, 
Po^t tamen annorum ceu dicunt tempora septem. 

Est all ad stagnum cui Ions quoque minis adhseret, 
Quinque pedum spatio tantum qui distat ab iIlo» 


Sive igitur crescat de largis imbribus illud, 
Seu iiimio fervore magis decrescat, habebtt 
Quinque pedum spacium semper distantia tantum. 

Cernitur a multis alius fons more probatus. 
Qui facit lit dicunt canos mox esse capillos. 

Foils alius isi tactus erit vel visus ab ulJo, 
EfBcit ingentes pluvias, quas fundcre ccclum 
Non cessat, si non oblatio sacra repellat. 

Fons est si verum cernentis tempora signans. 
Nam salit eructans cum signal tempora looga^ 
At silel attestans cernentem mox moriturum. 

Fons est dulcis aquse constans in vertice montis, 
More maris retinens accessum sive recessum. 

Dicunt esse duos fontes contraria agentes ; 
Alter namqiie necem potatus perpetrat, alter 
Non aufert vitam, neuter cognoscilur ullo, 
Tangere non audent iccirco utrumque periti. 

Proximus esse mari modicus quoque fertur acervus, 
Jam lapidum quiddam mirabile quique ministrat, 
Non magis apparens fluctu fugiente marino, 
Quam sobio cursu quando mare littora replet, 
Occultaivte mari illic qu® magis alta videntur. 

Est aliquod saxum mirabile, namque repente 
Si fuerit virga percussum, suscitat inibres. 
In quo tempestas oritur sequiturque caligo, 

Antea Temoriam sedera rex quisque tenebat 
Scottoruni, fuerant nbi tres res maxime miree; 
Nam lapis, atque puer parvus, naniqiie sepulcrum. 
Nam lapLs at fertur calcatus rege sonabat^ 
Jam rugiens, prolem genuit septennis et ille 
Parvulus, ac lectus nunciatur ad omnibus aeque 
Quinque pedum spacio, brevior non addidit unquam, 
Quern numerum fuerat qui ni>n majore mtnutus. 

Ilia nimis miranda quidem piscina, leprosos 
Qute facit intrantes omnes se illicque lavantes, 
Est tamen haec eadem non noxia parte sequente, 
Qua2 solito cursu petit ac sic intrat in ipsam, 
Inter utranque tamen partem distantia parva 
Esse pedum spacio binorum pene videtur, 

Continet haBC hominis cujusdam terra sepulcrum 
Fcemineas turbas fallentis more doloso, 
Ille etenim numerum ingentem violavit earum : 
Fine tamen fuerat felici crimina deflens ; 
Ergo modo miro mulier, si viderit illud, 
Pedere vel ridere solet cernendo sepulcrum, 
Dormine jam resonat quod si non rideat ilia. 



De tTifantibns sanctum Patricium invocnntibus^ 
Ex utero matris quondam sunt ista locuti 
Infantes, ** Nos sancte vcni Patrici bene salva.*' 

De Sancto Kienano* 

Sanctus in hac patria quidam vir nomine Kycnan 
Permanet inconuptus, habens nunc intcgra membra, 
Mortuus ante tanien quingeritos circiter annos, 
Ejusdemque loci defuncd quiqiie putrescunt, 

De hominibus qui se vertunt m hpos. 

Sunt homines quidam Scottorum gentis habentes 
Miram naturam majorura ab origine ductam. 
Qua cito quando volunt ipsos sse vertere possunt 
Nequiter in formas lacerantum dente luporum, 
Uodu videiilur oves occidere ssepe gementes ; 
Sed cum clamor eos hominum seu cursus eorum 
Fustibus aut armis terret, fugiendo recurmnt. 
Cum tamen hoc faciunt sua corpora vera relinquunt, 
Atque suis mandantne quisquam movent ilia; 
Si sic eveniat, nee ad ilia redire valebunL 
Si quid eos laedat, penelrent si vulnera qUtTque, 
Vere in corporibus semper cernuntur eorum. 
Sic caro cruda hosrens in veri corporis ore, 
Cernitur a sociis, quod nos miramur et omnes. 

De homine decoUaio captte .t?xu annos vivente* 
Decollatus erat quidam languore doloris, 
Postea scptenos fcrtur vixiss^e per annos, 
Gutture namque miser |K)Scebat aperto alimentum. 

De muliere cum corpore a cU^mombus rapta, 

Ha2C res mira solet numero celebrantibus addi : 
Vir bonus et verax aliquid mirabile vidit; 
Quodam namque die volucres in flumine cernens^ 
Projiciens lapidem percussit vubiere cigrium, 
Prendere quem cupiens tunc protinus ille cucurrit; 
Sed properante viro, mire est ibi fcemina visa, 
Quam stupido visu aspiciens, hcec quoerit ab ilia, 
Unde fuit] quid ei accidit 1 aut quo tempore venit ! 
Hajc, *'infirma fui/* inquit ei» "et tunc proxima morti, 
Atque putata nieis sum quod defuncta videbar, 
Ditmonibus sed raptafui cum carne repente*" 
Hanc vix credibilem rem tunc audivit ab ilia, 
Qunm secum ducens satiavit vaste ciboque, 
Tradidit atque suis credentibus esse sepultam, 
Qui quod erat factum vix credere jam potuerunt, 




De fiavi qutB visa est in acre. 

Rex fait in theatro Scottorutn tempore quodam 
Tarbis cum variis, cum milibus ordine pulcrLs, 
Ecce repente vident decarrere in aere navim. 
De qua post piscem tunc unus jecerat hastam. 
Quod ruit in terram, quam nataus ille retraxit. 
Isla quts auditurus erit sine laude tonantisT 

De muliere elemosinam in Hibernia ageiUe^ 

Martini quidam peregrinus venit ad urbem, 
Cujus erat genitrix propria regione relicla, 
Pra3dicti in feria quae inopes satiare solebat, 
I He igiiur matrem vidit tunc tradere carnem 
Pauperibus com lacte bono, sed vasis aperte 
Abstulit occuUe mirans et traxit operculum ; 
Postca sed rediens matri monstraverat illud. 
Prolinus ergo videns, recolit; sed quaerit ab illo 
Unde habuit, qui dixit ei, "tua teque videbara 
Muncra in urbe viri Martini scilicet almi, 
Ctxie corporeis oculis in luce dici.*' 
Quod niulLum miralur anus^ niiratur et ille. 
Est cclnbranda piis ha?c res quae mira videtur, 
Exemplumqu*? bonum, quia verum est, tempore longo. 

De insula quadam saiis admiranda. 

Est quoque in hac patria mirabilLs insula parva, 
Quam fugiunt omnes volucres, nee adire volentes 
Fa^minci generis, nequeunt quia tangere terram 
Sanctam, seu frondes, scxus sed visitat alter. 
In qua more hominum est, avium divisio nura, 
Illic nemo mori peccator seu sepeliri 
Quit, soli sed rite viri qui ascenderc possit 
Ad coelum, exeraplis multis quod stcpe probatur, 

De molendino die dominico non nwleni^ nisi necessiiaie 
hospitiSf Jurtumque Tespuenie. 

Ecce molcndinum his mirum in regionibus extat; 
Nam que die Domini nulla vi posse moveri 
Dicilur excepto i^pacio cum venerit hospes. 
Tunc id enim vertlt pistrinum ssepe molare, 
Cursus aqUDc retrahens, aliter tunc posse negatur, 
Prtetcrea furtum semper bene respuit, illud 
Nil molit en etenim cui furti crimen adhferet, 

Dc ipsa Hibernia in qua non vivunt serpenies* 
Insula serpenfem nullum jam continet ista, 
Quam patriam Scotti certe ceruuntur habere ; 


Sed certe moTitur raox sin aliunde feratur. 
Nee ranas, nuUasqae leras de more noceutis, 
Vulpibus atque lupis exceptis^ gigf^it alitve. 

De lapide sanguinem aliqimndojfuente. 

Saiicti in sede lapis cujtisdam miros liabetuFj 
Sanguine sscpe 0uens, rubrum fundensque cruorem, 
Com locus ille viris certe spoliatur iniquis. 

DefoRte qni tnu/at/raxineam virgam in nuceam, 

Quidam fons miitat virganim siepe virentum 
Naturam, ceu fama est, quae inerguntur in illo; 
Nam qui fraxineani virgam modo miltit in ilium, 
Is nuceam mire paulo post abstrabit illo. 

De €0 quod extinguit flummam labiis et lingua, 

Ecclesiee princeps cujusdam tempore semper 
Natalis Domini, quiddam mirabile monstrat, 
Magimm nam labiis et lingua extinguere flammara 
Cernitura popuio stupido spectante lucr»rnce. 
In nullo Iffisus tamen igne pyramidis alto. 
Sanctus namque suis Colraanus jussit amicis» 
Hoc semper ficn mirum indubitabile verum; 
Donee iiamque poli numerentur sidera sumrai, 
Quis numerare potest sanctorum facta virorum 
Mira, Deus gentem per quos salvaverat istam. 

De admiratione Dei, 

Qui raagis est mirus miraiidis omnibus istis. 
In numeris non mille modLs quibus omnibus uuus 
Cuncta satis superat certe miracula nostra, 
Scilicet angelicis quod tam videatur acutis 
Agminibus mirus Deus, ut post milia raulta 
Noil minus aonorum, mirentur, ament, et adorent, 
Quam cura principio ca^perunt cernere primo. 
Nam ctrcus assiduo posset vilescere visa. 
Quid magis hoc mirum vel mirum sequale videtur, 
Gloria sit patri, domino quoque gloria Christo, 
Gloria spiritui sancto, per seecula cuncta! Amen* 




Inserted in Walter de Bibbletworth, MS* Amudel, No. 220, foL 301 v*, 

Levere is the wrenne, 
A bout en the schowe renne, 
Than the fithel draut, 
Other the floute craJ. 





From MS. Moore, 147, in the Library of Caios College, Cambridge, written 
on vellum and paper, in the fifteenth century. Commanicated by the ReT. 
J.J. Smith, Fellow and Tutor of Gonyille and Caius College. Another copy 
of the same ballad is printed in Ritson's Pieces of Popular Poetry, lecond 
edition, and in the appendix to Walter Mapes. ^ ^ ' . 

In erth there ys a lityll thyng, >^' ^ ' ^^ ^ 
That rcynes as a grete kyng -^ rt^yi A^Mxt/^ 

There he is knowen in londe; 
Peny is hys name callydde, 
Ffor he makyth both yong and olde 

To bowe unto hys hande. 

Pope, kyng, and emperoure, 
Byschope, abbot, and prioure, 

Parson, preste, and kny3t, 
Duke, erle, and baron. 
To serve syr Peny are they boen. 

Both be day and ny3th. 

Peny chaungeth ofte menys mode. 
And garreth them do of ther hode 

And ryse hym ageyn ; 
Men doth liym all obedyens. 
And full grete reverens, 

That lytyll roende swayn. 

In a courte hit is no bote 
Ageyn syr Peny for to mote, 

Ffor hys mekyll my3th ; 
Heis so wyse and so strange. 
Were hit never so mekyll wrang, 

He wyll make hit ry3th. 

With Peny men may women tyll. 
Be they never so strong of wyll, 

So ofte hyt may be sene, 
Ageyn hym they wyll not chyde, 
Ffor he may gar them trayle syde 

In bumct and in grene. 

When Peny begynnys to spelle. 

He makyth them meke that arc were fell, 

Ffull ofte hit is i-sene ; 
The ncdcs are fuUe Fone spedde, 
Both without borow or weddc. 

There Peny goeth bctwene. 


Peny may be both hevyn and helle. 
And alle tliyng that is to selle, 

In erth hath he that grace; 
Ffar he may both lose and bynde, 
The pore is ay set behyodo. 

There Peny conies in place. 

Peny is set on hye dese, 
And servd at the best inesse. 

And the hygh horde ; 
Men honoure hym as a man, 
Iff he litell gode can, 

3yt he is in horde, 

Peny doth ^yt well mare, 

He niakyth men have moch care, 

Hym to gete and w>Tine ; 
He garrith men be forsworcn, 
Soule and lyfe be forloren, 

Ffor covetyse of syn. 

The dede that Peny wyll have done, 
Without let hyt spedys sone 

At his owen wylle. 
Peiiy may both rede and gyffci 
He may gar lie, he may gar lyfe. 

Both gode and ylle. 

Be he nevyr so Strang a thefe, 
Peny, thai is man fulle lefe. 

May borovve hym to lyfe ; 
Peny is a gode felowe, 
Both witli hygh and with lowe, 

And counceli for to gyffe. 

He is a redy massyngere. 
When he comes far or nere ; 

An erande for to do, 
Come he erly or late, 
Hym is warned nor dore ne jate, 

That he comes onto. 

Other thy ng wylle they not have, 
But that lityll roende knave, 
That coveyteth ech man, 

Peny hath do alle treson, 
Both in cite and in toen. 
In castelle and in coure. 



When Peny comyth i^nth schylde and spere. 
He wynnys the gre in ylke a were. 
And in ylke a boure. 

With reson may ye wele se, 
That Peny wyll mayster be. 

Prove nowe man of mode ; 
Peny rydys troen be troen, 
Ovyr all in ylke a toen, 

On land and eke on flode. 

He makyth the fals to be soende, 
And ryght puttys to the grounde. 

And fals lawys nse. 
This may ve find yf ye wyll loke, 
Wretyn ill without the boke, 

Ryght on this wyse. 

Explicit de Dynario yhe magistro. 


From MS. More 71, Caius College, Cambridge, of the fourteenth century. 

Arbor inest silvis, qua? scribitur octo figuris ; 
Inde tribus demptis, unam vix inde videbis. 

Ligneus est lectus, nullo tamen arbore sectus : 
Solvere qui poterit solvat, et ejus erit. 

Est animal parvum, quod semper pascit in arvum; 
Si convertatur, tunc quadrupes inde ligatur. 

Hie non introeas nisi qusD sunt haec tria dicas . 
Qui facit et non fit, facil et fit, non facit et fit. 


From the copy of the first edition of Cax ton's Chaucer in the British 
Museum, written by an early possessor of the volume. 

A women is Icsse pittcfulie than a man; more envious then 
a sarpcnt ; mor malysceous then a tyrante ; and more deceyt- 
fullc then the devylle. 

Blyndnes wyth the mystes of jugemente dymeth the knoledge 
of reson. 



iMforc afvayleth example then wordes; and muche better be 
men toglit by doingi then they ar by speking. 

Better is a good nam then abundaunce of riches; for good 
estyraacyon surmottethe alle tressurs. 

Envy is blind and canne do nothlnge, but desprays ver- 
tewe ; it is a scabbe of this world to have envy at vartew. 

Frindes in advercetie ar a refuge; imd in prosperitie a 
plcasour and delight, to conxmynicat our pleassurs with alle 
, together, 

^M Froi 
I comn 


From MS. Cotton. Vespafi. A« utv* fol. ^^, wrilt«ii in or soon alW l£i73. 



A Serman of parson Hyberdyne, which ke made ait the 
commandemente of cerlmi theves qjlpt tliay had robbed hym 
besyde Harder owe in Hamshyer in the feldes ther standing e 
upon a hyll, where as a wynde myll had bene, in the presens of 
the iheves that robbed hym, as followiihe. 

The Sermon asfoUowethe, 

I greatly merveli that any man wyll presume to dysprase 
theverie, and thynke the dooeres therof to be woorthy of deathe; 
consyderinge itt is a thynge that cumitbe nere unto vertuc, 
beinge used of many in all contries, and comendid and allowed 
of God hym selfe : The which thinge, by cause I cannot com- 
pendiously shew unto yow at soo sliorte a warnynge, and in 
BOO sharpe a whether, I shall desyer yow, gentle audiens of 
theves, to take in good parte these thynges that, at thys tyrae, 
cumythc to my mynde : not mysdowtynge but (Jiat' yow, of 
yowre good ktiowledge, are able to add mutrhe more unto ytt 
then this which I shall nowe utter unto yow, Fyrst fortitude and 
stowtnes of corage, and also bowldnes of minde is comraendyd 
of suuie men to be a vertue, which beinge gr awn ted, who is 
yt then that wyll not judge theves to be vertused, for ihay be of 
all men moste stowte and hardy, and moste withowte feare; 
for thevery is a th\Tige moste usuall anionge all men; for 
not only yow that be here presente, but many other in dyverse 
places, bothe men and wemen and chyldren, rytche and poore, 
are dayly of thys facultie, as the hangman of Tyboorne can 
testyfye; and that yt is allowed of God hymselfe, as it is 
evydente in many storrye^ of scripture*!: for, yf yow looke in 
the hole cowrse of ihe Byble, yow shall fynde that theves have 



bene beloved of Gode ; for Jacobe, whan he came owte of Me 
sopotamia, dyd steale his uncle Labanes kydde; the same 
Jacobe also dyd steale his brother Esaues blessynge, and yett 
God seyde * I have chosen Jacobe, and refused Esau/ The 
chyldren of Ysraell, whan thay came owte of Eg>^te, dyd steale 
the Egiptiansje Welles of sylver and gowlde, as God commawnd- 
ed them soo to doo. Davyd, in the days of Abiather the hygh 
preste, did cume into the Temple, and dyd steale the hal- 
lowed breede, and yet God saide, ' David is a man after myne 
owne harte/ Chryste hymselfe, whan he was here on the 
erthe, did take an asse and a cowlte, that was none of hys, and 
yow koowe that God said of hym, ' this is my beloved soone, 
in whome I delighte/ Thus yow may see, that God delightitha 
in theves. But moste of all I marvell that men can dispyse 
yow theves, where as in all poyntes almoste yow be lyke unto 
thriste hymselfe ; for Chryste had noo dwellynge place, noo 
more have yow : Christe wente fromc towne to towne, and 
soo doo yow : Christe was hated of all men, savynge of his 
frcendes, and soo are yow: Christe was laid waite upon in many 
places, and soo are yow : Chryste at the lengthe was cawghte, 
and soo shall yow bee : He was browght before the judges, 
and soo shall yow bee : He was accused, and soo shall yow bee ; 
He was condempned, and soo shall yow be : He was hanged, 
and soo shall yow bee : he wente downe into hell, and soo shall 
yow dooe ; mary, in this one thynge yow dyffer frome hym, for 
he rose agayne, and assended into heaven, and soo shall yow 
never dooe, withowtc Codes greate mercy, which Gode grawnte 
yow. To whome with the Father and the Soone and the Holy 
Ghoste bee all honore and glarye for ever and ever, Amen/* 

Thus, his sermon beinge cndyd, thay gave hym his money 
agayne that thay tooke frome hym, and ij«s. to drynke for hys 



From MS. Douce, S57« written at the cDmmeneeioent of the llfleeiith 


my love, jif ix, go before 

Wer viij, y-gert above, iij. were wcl therefore, 

I love vij. xiiij. and iiij. god, 

Drof of hors and gyl of fisch, 

So liat my leminan war ^e ys; 

Water of rothrr and taymys brother. 

So hat mv Icraman in hon other* 



A yong wyf and an arvyst gas, 

Slocho ga^ll with botlie: 
A man that [hath] ham yn Ids clos, 

Reste schal he wrothe. 




From MS. Bodl. E MusteO} 160^ in tUe Bodleian library, a qaarto volume 
on ]>ftper of the begiiiniug of the sixreentli century- It appareritly rormfl 
part of a larycer treaiijfet which is givi?ti in the MS. very iniperfectly. 

The commonyng of Ser John Mandevelie and the gtet Souden. 

Opon a tyme when Ser John Mandevelie 

In Egipe was in his jornaye, 
Two jere with the sowdene did he dwelle, — 

Wei beloved he was of hyrn allewaye^ 
A lordes dogbter and his ay re ryght gaye 

He offert to hym, if he wald forsake 
His fayth and take Machomctes laye, 

But no sich bargao wold he make. 
On a tyme to counselle he did hym take. 

And put alle olhere lordes hym fro; 
He sayde, " telle me your Cristyn state. 

And how they kep tlieyr levyng tho.'* 
John Mandevelie f^ayd agayn Ijym too, 

" Ryght welle, I trust, by Goddes grace." 
The feowden sayd **it is not soo; 

ffor your prestes, that suld tech vertus trace, 
They ryn rakyll out of gud race, 

Gyde ylle ensarapille and lyese in synne; 
Off God services of his holy place. 

They gyf no forse, but gud to wynne, 
in drouken lied and licherese synne; 

Ylle cownselle to princese they geve; 
They by and selle by craft and gyn, 

Theyr mvhord cawses alle myseheve. 
The cornmoun pepdle of God thay greve 

On holy fesles, when they suld pray, 
They seke sportes, and playse, and tavcrnes chefe, 

In sloth and glotone alle that daye. 
In lichery like bestes ar they, 

In occar^ falshed, and robban§, 

[VOL. II. Q 



Stryf and detraction, suth to saye, 

Mich perjury and many lee : 
ffor felte pride disgysed they bee. 

Now lang, now shorte, for mekille changenge ; 
Abowt sich pride is alle ther studee. 

Agayn ther law and Cristes byddynge. 
They aught to be meke and of devowt lyvynge. 

Ever tru and ylk an other love ; 
We knaw they lost, for sich synynge, 

The Holy Land, that is best to prove; 
We fer not bat to hald it to our behove, 

Als lang as they Icfe on this w^^se. 
Neverlesse we knaw they salle be above, 

ffor ther better levyng then sallc thay ryse; 
But 31 1 they hast not to be wyse, 

ffor*thi we trust to hald it lange." 
Then Mandevelle said his hart did gryse, 

To her us so rebuket of a hay tlien man ; 
" Lord save your reverence/' son sayd he than, 

" How cowth je knaw thes ihinges so clere V 
He sayd, ** I send theder many man, 

With nnarchandes, truth tyllc enquere/* 
Loo! Cristyn men, now may je here 

How heythen men doth us dispise ! 
ffor Cristes love lat us forbere 

Our u^ly synnes, and radly ryse. 
Our medc is mekylle in paradise, 

Yf we thus do, or elles dowllesse 
Depyst in helle in paynes grisc, 

Hawee our set in payne endlese- 
O, is not this a gret hevynesft, 

So many folke be lost for lakk of faythe t 
Now it seinys low sit is Sathanesse, 

That sett this ward thus owt of gray the. 
Saint John in his Apocalipse saythe, 

*' Sathanas sal be lowset and do myche scathe." 
Surly that may be previd here, 

That when passit is a thowsand jere, 
ffor agayn Crist and his gospclle clere. 

The sowden. the Turke, and the gret Caane, 
With Prester John and alle ther subjictes sere. 

By fayth and life Crist in again, 
Alle lust plesure use tliey playn, 

Covatcs and prid, and countes it no syn. 
He at hase most plesure is best they sayn, 

And most joy in paradise salle wyn. 


About a thowsand yere this did begyn 

After Cristes byrthe, in most owtrage, 
Sathanase was lowset and cawset this syn, 

Als Saint John did prophecy and saye- 
3e have hard how Macometes lay 

Dolh proraesse a paradise that cannot bee, 
But the grel Cane and his subjectes do saye 

A hevyn they trust to have and see. 
Bat wylle ;e here how blynd thaye bee 

By the bery ynge of ther gret Caane 1 
ffor so beleveth alle the cornmontee, 

And many mekylle wars certayn; 
When thay saHe l)ery the gret Caane, 

Mekylle mete and drinke on the erth they cast 
To fede hym after he be gane, 

ffor they thinke the saule it may not faste. 
Than the body they bryng unto that place 

Wher he salle ly arraet in his wede, 
In a tabernacle or a case. 

Right preciose and by hym his stede, 
With sheld and spere and other wede. 

With a whit mere to gyf hvm in vlke. 

^ ^ " mm. 


The oiigiaal of the following document is prescned in the arcbivefl of the 
Dean and Cboptcr of Windsor, 

This indenture made the vth day of the moneth of June in 

the XX i^^ yeare of the rei^ne of our Soveraign Lord King 
Henry the vii'^, betweene George Talbott Lorde Steward, Giles 
Daubcney Lord Chamberlain, and Sir Thomas Lovell Knight, 
in the name of our said Soverain Lord and and all the Lords 
and Knights of the most honorable order of the Garter of the 
oon partie, and John Hylmer and William Vertue fremasons 
oun the other partie, witnesseth that it is covenaunted, bat- 
gayned, and agreed betwixt the parties above named, that the 
said John Hylmer and William Vertue at their owne proper 
costs and charges shall vawlte or doo to bee vawlted with free 
stone the roof of the quere of the College Roiall of our Lady 
and Saint George within the Castell of Wyndsore, according 
to the roof of the body of the said College ther, which roof 
coQteyneth vii. senereys, as well the vawlte within forth as 



archeboceus, crei^tys, corses, and the King's bestes stondyng 
on theym to bore the fanes on the outsides of the said quere^ 
and the creasts, corses, beasts above on the outsides of MaLsi^r 
John Shornes Chappell, to bee done and wrought according to 
the other crea«?tes, and comprised witliin the said bargayne : 
provided alway that the principall keyes of the said vawte from 
the high awter downe to the King^i stall shall bee wrought more 
pendaunt and rotower then the keyes or pendaunts of the body 
of the said colege, with the king's amies crowned with lyons, 
anleloppes, greyhounds, and dragons, bering the said armeS| 
a:id all the other lasser keys to bee wrought more pendaunt 
and holower then the keyes of the body of the said colege, also 
with roses, portec-oiys, floure-de*Iyces, or any other devvce that 
shall please tlie King's grace to have in them* To all which 
worke the said John and William promysen and by these pre* 
sents bynden themself, their heires, and executors, in cccc'' ster- 
lings, to fynde all manner of stone, tymbre of scaffalds, bords, 
nayles, and all other things necessary, with carynge for the 
same by water or by land, and to have fully fynished the said 
vawte with the appurtenances by the Fest of the Nativltye of 
our Lord, which shall bee in the yeare of our Lord God after 
the course and acconting of the church of England mcccc. and 
viij; for all which workes before-named the King's grace and 
the Lords and Knights of the Garter must paye or doo to bee 
paid to the sayd John and William, or to their assignes, vij* c* 
li. sterling after this manner and ft»urme folowing^ that is to say 
at thfir sealing of thies indentures c^'. At the fest of the 
nativity of our Lorde, then next following c'*. At the fest of 
Ester, then next and immediately folowing Ixxx^*, At (he fest 
of the Nativity of Seint John Baptist, then next following 
Ixxx^'. At the fest of St, Michael! the archangel), then next 
folowing Ixxx^', At the nativite of our Lnrde, than next folow- 
ing Ix'', At the fest of E.ster, then next folowing Ix^'. At the 
nativite of Seint John Baptist, then next folowing Ix'^ And 
the residue of the somme amounting to fourescore pounds to 
bee payed as the workcs goes forward bit wixt that and the 
Fest of the Nativitec of our Lord thon next folowing, by which 
day the said workes must bee fynyshed arid ended. To all 
which bargaynes and covenaunles wele and truly to bee kept 
and performed the parlies above named to their present in- 
dentures interchauTigeably have set to their scales the daye 
and yero abovesaid- 





From lite Margins, kc, of Manuscripts* 

1. From n P»HlteT of Ibe fourter nth ceotury) discovered in a farm- house in 
Leieefltersbire, by J. Stockdale Hardy, Esq. F.S*A. 

Lcs aprises qe ly sages apront a ces enfaunz. 
La premere est Loyal te en boucbe. 
La secounde est Amour en quooi* 
La tierce est Sage e gamy en fayt* 
La quarte est Chaste de corps. 
La quynte est Mesure en totes choses. 

L^eofaunt qe tayr vodra, 

A cestes choses se tendra. 

Maddamys alle as je bee, 
Re me my r this wane 36 hyt see ; 

Sclie that ^7 lie stwde here [Ncrwde here] overmuche, 
Sche shalle not gate Iho by crose no Uie cruche ; 
Scho that haw wyli to play the chylle, 
Apon this sche most loke oth wy lie- 
Ware welle, ladys, and rememer thys, 
I haw wryttyn to yow I nott w*at hit ys, 

S. From abiind^tne Latin breviary, in tlie poisesston of Henry Walter, Etq. 
of The Willows, near Windsor. 

Iste liber pertinet dominse AlicisD Champnys moniali mo- 
nasterii Shastoniar, quern dicta Alicia emit pro summa decem 
solidorum de doniioo Richardo Marshalle re[c](.ore ecclesiae 
parochiali.s sancli Rum bold i de Shastina proedicla. 

Triura puerorum cantemas himnum quern cantabant in ca- 
mino ignis benediccotes Dominum. O swele Jhesu, the sonne 
of God, the endles swetnesse of hevyn and of erthe and of all 
the worlde, be in my herte, in my mynde, in my wytt, in my 
wylle, now and ever more, Amen, Jhesu mercy, Jhesu 
gramercy, Jhesu for thy mercy, Jhesu, as 1 trust to thy mercy, 
Jhesu as thow art fulle of mercy, Jhesu have mercy, on me 
and aUe mankynde redemyd with thy precyouse blode* Jhesu, 

J. G. N. 


From MS. BodL £ Muscbo, 160* on paper m quarto. The first stanza and 
some tines in the middle are loo unperfeci to be at att intfllj^bie. 

King Herre the eght of fair Yngland, 

And Katryne bis gud and vertuose wheyne, 
King of France, Francis to understand » 


With Clawdia his wife, I weyne ; 
Thes ij. kinges with their courte bedejm^ 

At the Ynglische palace in rich araye 
• Besid Calace did mete so cleyne, 

Charls the grete emperour and gaye. 
At their dyner fulle lange sat thaye, 

flVo none to none withowtyn cesse; 
Kinge Herr^ alle ther costes did paye, 

Many gret astate com unto that dese. 
After jastynges of knightes ferse, 

And gudly gammis of ser degree, 
Thay departid with love and perse, 

God grauntid lang to last and bee ! 
In Yngland tempest of waters felle, 

In ser places out of com se did flowe. 

[T?i€ MS. is torn in this place.] 

Gret hrowes it bare do\\Tie .... brase. 

And trees and tymber stud in it waye ; 
Both nete and shepe in divers place 

It drownet, and bare down mekille haye. 
Gret clerkes this tym did saye 

That felle thinges in this w^arld suld falle, 
And grcte farlies within this iiij. jere daye, 

God turnet to wele at weldes alle ! 
At Beverley a sudden chaunce did falle. 

The parish chirch stepille it felle 
At evynsonge tyme, the chaunce was thralle, 

ffourscore folke ther was slayn thay telle. 
Sudden deth one certen richemen felle; 

The deyn of Fowls left in gud gold, 
XV. thowsand pownd to telle^ 

With as miche money as a bushel! myght hold. 
ifor alle this fro he was laid in mold, 

He had never a messe don for hym thay said ; 
The king and cardinalle gat the gold, 

Covales men herby may be flayed* 
A riche man of London also. 

In gold he had a thowsand pownd, 
AUc sufferances xx.s. a pece ar thoo. 

By temptacion of a hellis hownd 
He hangit hymself, a deth unsownd. 

Thla poem is written ofv twc> leavers which are separated in the mojiuflcript, 
from the ignorance of the binder, there being five lenres hetwiit them. The 
MS. ii not foliated* 





From MS* HarU 2316« tol, 25, r*. of thee&rlier part of the fourtecnlli centarj, 
wntten as pro^ie, partly a paMmpae^t. 

Men rent me on rode 

Wiht wndes i^oliche wode, 
Al blet mi blode ! 

Thenk, man, al it is je to gode ! 
Thenk who ^e first wio^hte, 

For what werk helle jow sowhte ; 
Thenk who ^e ageyn bowhte, 

Werk warli, fayle me nowhte. 
Biheld mi side, 

Mi Wildes sprede so wide, 
Restles I tidci — 

Lok upon me, put fro je pride ! 
Mi palelrey is of tre, 

Wiht nayles naylede jwrh me, 
Ne is more sorwe to se, 

Certes noon more no may be- 
Under mi gore 

Ben w^ndes selcowje sore ; 
Der man, mi lore, 

For mi love sinne no more ! 
Fal nowht for fonding, 

?at schal ^e most tume to goode ; 
Mak stif wiht stondinge, 

Thenk wel who me rente on je rode ! 

Jhesa Cryst, rayn lemman swete, 

?at for me deyedes on rode tre, 
Wiht al myn herte I ^e biseke. 

For ji wndes to and thre, 
^at al so faste in myn herte 

ji love roted mute be, 
As was ^e spere into ji side. 

Whan 30W suffredis ded for me ! 

Kyndeli is now mi coming 

Into jis [werd] wiht teres and cry, 
Litel and poverc is myn having, 

Brijel and sone I fallc from hi ! 
Scharp and strong is mi deying, 

I ne woth whider schal I ; 
Fowl and stinkande is my roling, 

On me, Jhesu, jow have mercy ! 


Ded is strong and maystret alle thing ! 
Ded for-doth barown and king ! 
Ded is fel and mercy hat noon. 
For al }is werld to ded schal gon ! 
Ded is derne and stalket stille ! 
Ded warnet noman jat he wile spille ! 
Ded men dredet, and jat is skil, 
For alle he takct at his wil ! 
Man, of 3i lyf be nowht to bold, 
For ded ne sparet ying ne old ! 

God wiht hise aungeles I have for-loren, 
Alias ! 3e while jat I was boren ! 
To sorwe and pine I bringe at eende, 
Man 3at me lovet I schal him schende ! 

To je fend I owe fewte, 
Truage, homage, and gret lewt6. 

Mercy is hendest whore sinne is mest, 
Mercy is lattere jere sinne is lest. 
Mercy abidct and loke al day, 
Whan man fro sinne wile turnen away ; 
Mercy savet jat lawe w^olde spille, 
Mercy asket but Godes wille ! 

3is is 3i sete, domes man, 
3if rihtful dom 3if 30W kan ; 
Wiht 3in bond tak 30W no gifte, 
Ne for biseking doi non unriht ; 
Lawe and liht is 31 faderis fel, 
Loke on 3at and dcme wel ! 

Marie, 30W quen! 30W moder! 30W mayden briht! 
3ow wilt ! 30W canst ! 30W art of miht ! 
3ow lyf! jow love ! 30W hope of blissc ! 
In sinne, m sorwe, in nede, us wisse! 

He is wys 3at kan be war or him be wo ; 
He is wys 3at lovet his frend and ek his fo ; 
He is wys 3at havet i-now and kan scyn, " ho !" 
He is wys 3at kan don wel, and doeth al so. 

Hope is hard 3er hap is foo ; 

Hap wile helpen 3cr hope is froo : 

Unhap at nede is werdes wo, 

God sende him hap 3at wolde wel do ! 

Sey, sinful man, what is 3yn thowht, 
Jat to 3is werd art al yoven ? 



He3en achat jow beren tiht nowht, 
|0W Cristendom al were jyn owen ! 

Man, loke 30W troste je nowht to fele^ 
Jow pv have gold and werdis wele ; 
For here ^w schak nowht evere ben, 
Thenk jw schalt deyen and hejen teen: 
31 godes schiilen pasen everyk on, 
And hem schulen haven in hap ^i fon, 
ji fleysch schal roten fro je bon. 
But jine dedes schulen wiht ^e gon ! 

Men hem bimenin of litel trewthe, 
It is ded and jat is rewtlie ; 
Lesing livet and is above, 
And now is biried trewthe and love! 

Sinful kynde fro kyndeli skil, 
Wihtowten mynde wol fer got wil ; 
But best I fynde wihtowten skil. 
To la we of kynde lowande his wil. 

Riche inannis riflowr, 

Povere noannis purveyowr^ 

Old mannis some now r, 

Prowd mannis uiirowr. ({. e, mars,) 

Blisse it were in londe to haven wrchipe and miht, 
Yef ded nil hie no man rev en his riht ; 
But blisse lestit nothing, and jat is mikel schame. 
And ded is at jyn ending, and doet awey 31 name ! 

He yaf himself as good felawe, 

Whan he was boren in wre wede; 
Als good norice he bowh down lowe^ 

Whan wiht himself he wolde us fede. 
Als good schephirde upon je lowc. 

His wed he yaf for wre nede ; 
In hevene as kmg we schulen him knowe, 

Qwan he himself schal yiven in mede. 

Now goot falshed in everi flok, 
And trewthe is sperd under a lok ; 
Now no man may comen jer to, 
But yef he singge si dedero, 





The following very curious MiUro U taken from MS, Harl* 73W, fol. 97, b 
eollection of poetry ma<le In the lime ofQueen Elizabelh. For information 
relative to the Duttons, fee Collier's HiAt. Dram Poet* voK t p. SOK 

TTie Duttom and theyr fellow-players farsakynff the Erie 
of IVarwi/cke theyr mayster, became followers of the Erie of 
Oxford, andwTot themselves his Comcedians, which cei'tayne 
gentlemen altm'edand made Camcelions. TTie Duttons, angry 
with thai, compared ihemsehes to any gentleman ; therefore 
these armes were devysedfor ifiem. 

The fyeld, a fart durty, a gybbet crosse-corded, 

A dauncyng Dame Flurty of alie men abhorred ; 

A lylher lad scampaiit, a roge in his ragges, 

A whoro that is rampant, astryde wyth her legges. 

A WDodcocke displayed, a calfe and a sheepe» 

A bitche that is splayed, a dormouse asleepe ; 

A vyper in stynche, la part de la drut, 

Spell backwarde this Frenche and cracke me that nut. 

Parcy per pillery, perced with a rope, 

To slyde the more lythcrly anoynted with sope ; 

A coxcombe crospate in token of witte, 

Two eares perforate, a nose wythe slyltc. 

Three nettles resplendent, three owles, three swallowes. 

Three mynstrellmen pendent on three payreofgallowes, 

Further sufficiently placed in them 

A knaves head, for a difference from alle honest men. 

The wreathe is a chayne of chauDgeable red, 
To shew they ar vayne and fickle of head ; 
The creste is a lastrylle whose feathers ar blew. 
In signe that these fydlers will never be trew; 
Whereon is placed the home of a gote, 
Because they ar chast, to this is theyr lotte, 
For their bravery, indented and parted, 
And for their knavery inuebulated. 

Mantled lowsy, wythe doubled drynke, 
Their ancient house is called the Clynke; 
Thys Posy they beare over the whole earthe, 
Wyk please you to have a fyt of our mirthe ! 
But reason it isj and hcraultes alio we welle, 
That fidiers should beare their armes in a to welle 1 





From MS. Addit. 6704, fot. 163, an entry book of the Wigley ramlly of 
the time of Queen ElixAbeth. Another copy of ttiLs song, consbting of two 
stanzas only, is priuteii in voU i. p. 323. 

What yf a daye or a month or a yeare 

Crowiie my desyres with a thousand wisht oontentcaentes, 
Cannot the chaunce of a nighte or an hower 

Grose thy delytes with a thowsand sad tormentmentesl 
Fortune, favoure, bewty, youth, are but blossomes dyinge, 
Wanton pleasures, dotinge love, are but shadowes flyinge! 
All oure joyes are but loyes, idle thoaehtes delightiuge ! 
None have power of an hower in their lyvcs bereavinge, 

Th'earth's but a poynt to the world, and a roan 
Is but die poynte to the earthes compared centur ! 

Cann then the poynte of a poynte be so fonde. 
As to deligbte in a sUlie poyntes adventure ? 

Alle is hassard that wee have, their is noughte abydinge ; 

Daye 3 of fortune are but streames throughe faire meadowes 
glydinge : 

Weale or woe, tyme dothe goe, in tyme noe returninge ; 

Secrete fates gydes our states, bothe in mearth and mouminge! 

Go, sillie nete, to the cares of my dcare^ 

Make thyselfe blcste, in her sweetest passions languishe I 
Laye thee to sleepe in the bedd of her harte, 

Geve her deliglite, thougb thyselfe be madd with anguish : 
Then wheare thou arte, thinke on me that from thee ame vanisht, 
Saye once I had bine content, thoughe that nowe ame banish t ; 
Yett when streames backe shall rune and times passed shall re we, 
I shall leaze her to love and in lovinge to be trewe^ 





From MS. BodL e Mat, 160, ft qututo rolunie on paper written eftrty 
in tlie iUteentb century. Tbe number of the MS. in Bemard'a Cntalogiii 
Lib. MSS. Angl. el Uib , torn. i. p. 176, in 3602. 


Theprohge of this treyte, or meditatioun off the buiyalte of 
Crisie and mowrnyng (Aerat 

A Boule that Est to singe of love 

Of Crist that com tille us so lawe, 
Rede this treyle it may liym move, 

And may bym teche lightly with awe 
Off tlie sorow of Mary sumwhat to knawe, 

Opon gtidfriday after-none. 
Also of the appostiles awe. 

And how Mwdleyn sorowe cessit not sone. 
And also 
How Josephe of Aramathye, 
And othere persons ho!ye. 
With Nichodeyme worthely, — 

How in thair harte hsvd wo, 

ffyrst lat \is mynde how gud Josephe 
On this wise wepite Cristes dethe. 

Josephe. Alasse f that ever I levit thus longe. 
This day to se so grete wronge ; 
So fcllc cruelltee and paynes strange 

Were never seyn or this. 
Such envy, such rancor, such malesse, 
Of cruelle tormentis such excesse, 
O, Pilate ! Pilate ! in thy palesse, 

He that never did amysse 
This day was dampnyt ! innocent bloode ! 
Most of vcrtue, most graciose and gude. 
This day stremyt owt lik a floode, 

And lyk a r^^vere grete ! 
Oo Calvery mownt on lenghe and brede, 
O Calvery ; tliy greyn colore is turnyd to rede 
By a blessit lames bloode, which now is dede. 

AJese, for saynt I swete ! 
Remembringe that so cleyne on innocent shuld dye. 
Which ledd his life the most perfitJye, 
And wrought sich warkes w^onderoslye, 

Ose Judea can recorde. 


What mortalle creature that powre myght have 
To make a dede man vise owl of his grave, 
Lyinge therin iiij* dayes tayve, 

But God the gretist Lorde ? 
A man to have his sight born starke blinde 
ffrora Adams creation where shalle we fynde, 
Or what prophettes can ye calle ty mynde 

Of whom may be verryfyed 
So grete a miracle above naturs righte ? 
To many o there bhnd men he gave the sight e, 
And wrought many wounders by godly myghte. 

As it is welle certifiede. 
ffrom the hylle I com bot now downe, 
Wher I left the holy women in dedly swowne ; 
ye pepulle of this cety and of this towne, 

Herd ye not the exclamatioun; 
And the grete bruunte which was on the hille, 
** Crucyfy hym ! crucify hym ! slo hym and kille r 
Peace now, harkyni I pray you stand stillej 

Methink I here lamentatioun. 


77tis is a play to he played on part on yiidfriday qfternone, 
and the other pari opon Esierday a/lernone. The Resurrection 
in the vioroice hut .... hegynnyye at certen lynes which 
not be said i/ii be plaiedt which ..-,.. o^nX, 

Thre Mariye mis alletogidere in a voce, 

most dolorose day ! O tym of gretist sorowe ! 
O systers, stand stille untylle tomorowe ! 

I trow I may not leve ! 
Josephe. I here the, Mawdleyne, bitterly oompleyn; 
What gud creature may hymself refrayn 

In this piteose myscheffe? 
Prima Maria. O day of lament at ioun I 
Secunda Maria, O day of cxclamatione ! 
T7irid Maria, O day off suspiratione, 

Which Jewes shalle repent ! 
Mary Mawdlen, O day most doloruse ! 
Secunda Maria, day paynfuUe and tediose ! 
Tertia Maria* O pepulle most cruelle and furiose. 

Thus to slo an innocent ! 
Secufida Maria, O Mawdleyn ! your maister derOi 




How rewfully he hinges here, 

That set you first in ceUe! 
Mawdleun* Acesse^ sisters, it sloes ray chere, 
His dulfuUe deth I may not bere \ 
Devowt Josephe I se hym here. 

Our cares for to keyle, 
O gud Josephe, approche to us nere, 
Behold hym mowndit with a spere 

That lovede yow so weylle. 
Josephe, O god Mavvdleyn, I pray you here, 
And your susters als to be of gud chere. 
Magdalen. O frende Joseph, this prince had never pere. 
The welle of mercy that made me clere, 

And that wist ye weile. 
Nay, gude Josephe, com nere and behold, 
This bludy lames body is starke and cold, 
! badde ye seyn his paynes many fold. 

Ye wald have beyne right sory ! 
Josephe, luk bettere, behold and see 
In bow litille space how many woondes bee. 
Here was no mercye, her was no pitee. 

But cruelle delinge paynfully ! 
O, goode Josephe! I am alle dysmayede 
To see his tendere fleshe thus rewfully arayed. 
On this wise so wofully displayed, — 

Woundit Avithe naylle and spere. 
O dere Josephe, I fey He my hart we x cold, 
Thes blessite fete thus bludy to behold, 
Whom I weshid with teres manyfold. 

And wyped with my hearel 
O, how rewfulle a spectaciile it is ! 
Never hast bee seyn, ne shalle be after this, 
Such cruelle rigore to the kinge of blisse, — 

Tlie Lord that made alle 
Thus to sufFere in his humanitee, 
And that only for our iniquitee, — 
0, makere of man ! what love and pitee 

Had thou for us so thralle ! 
0, gude Josephe, was ye not present herel 
Joseph. Yis, moder Mawdleyn, it changid my chere. 
The wounder was so grete I yrkit to com nere, 

But I was not farre hence, 
Magdalena. O Josephe, if I told you everycircumstaunce 
Of the moste merite and perseveraunce 

Of hym that never did offence, 
Thys highe kinge that hingis befor our face, 



Displayede on crosse in this piteos place, 

And telle you of his pacience, — 
ffrende Joscphe, this day am I sure 
Scanlly with force ye myght it indyre, 

But your bart shuld teadere, 
How he sufferte to be takid, 
Sor scourgit and nakit 

On alle his body slendere ! 
And notwithstondinge your manly liart^ 
ffrome your oes the teres wald starte 

To shew your hevynesse. 
Com hithere Josephe and stande ner tliis rood, 
Loo, this lame spared not to shedd his blude, 

With most paynfulle distresse; 
Her was more rancore shewed than equitee, 
Mich more malace than ony pi tee ! 
I reporte me yourself^ behold and see, — 

His payn passis alle olhere I 
Alle if he were the prince of peace, 
Therfor my sorow haves no rcleace, 
Josephe, Gude Mawdleyn of your mowrnynge cease, 

It ekes my doole, dere moder, 
Maria Jacobi secunda, Goode frende Josephe, what 

creature maye 
But sorow to se this wofulle daye, — 

T!ie day of gretis payne ? 
llaria Salomee, Wo and sorow must nedis synke 
Mor in our hartes than met and drinke* 

To se our Savcyoure slajnne. 
Josephe. Alese, women, ye mak my hart to relente, 
Beholdinge his body thus torne and rente. 

That inwardly I wepe, 
Butj gude Mawdleyn, shew unto me 
Where is Mary his mothere so free ; 

Who have that maide to kepe I 
Maudleyn* A ! Josephe from this place is sho gone ; 
To have seyn hir a harte of stone 

ffor ruthe wuld have relente : 
Right many tymes emange us here 
Scne swownyd with most dedly chere, 

Ose mothere mekest kente ; 
With fuUe longe prayere scant we myghte, 
Cause hir parte from this peteose sighte 

Sche madde many complejute. 
Ye saw never woman this wise dismaide, — 
Jebedeus and John hase hire convaide, — 



To spek of hire I faynte ! 

Many men spokes of lamentacioun. 
Off moders and of their gret desolatioun. 

Which that tliay did indure 
When that their childer dy and passe, 
But of his peteose tender moder, alasse ! 

I am verray sure. 
The wo and payn passis alle otherc ; 
Was ther never so sorowfulie a mothere 

fibr inward thojt and cure! 
When sho harde hym for his enmyse praye, 
And promesid the ihefe the bhssis aye, 
And to hirself no word wald saye, 

Sche sighid, be ye sure, 
The soime hynge and the nioder stood. 
And ever sho kissid the droppes of blood 

That so fast ran down : 
Sche extendit hir annes hym to brace, 
But sho myght not towch liym, m high was the place. 

And then sho felle in swoune, 
Josephe. A I gude Mawdleyne, who can hir blame, 
To se hir awn sonne in so grete shame 

Withowt any olTence. 
But, Mawleyn, had he ony myud in his passioun ? 
Mawdleyn. Jee, yee, Josephe, of hir he had grete 

As apperit by evidence: 
ffor hanginge on the crossc most pety fully, 
He lukyd on that roaide, his moder, rewfully, 

And with a tender cowtenaunce : 
As who sayj modere, the sorow of your harle 
Make my passion mor bitter and mor smarte, — 

Ye ben ever in my remcmbraunce : 
Dere modere, becawse I depart of nowe, 
John my cosyn shalle waite on yowe. 

Your comforte for to bee : 
Loo ! he had hir in his graciose mynd. 
To teche alle childeren to be kind 

To fader and modere of dewtee : 
This child wald not lefe his moder alone, 
Notwithstandinge hir lamentabille mone 

And hevynes, 
JoaepL A 1 gud lady, fulle wo was shee ! 
But can ye telle what wordes saide hee 

There in that grete distresse 1 
Mawdleyn* O, Josephe ! this lame most raeke 



Tn this cvuelle tormentes and payiifulle eke 

But fewe wordcs he hadd! 
Save that in grete agonye 
He saide thes wordes, ** I am thrustye/* 

With chere deaiure and sadd* 
Josephe. Mawdleyne, suppose ye his desire was to 

drinke ] 
Mawdleyiu Nay, verrelyc^ frende Joseph, I thinke 

He thrustede no lyquore : 
He thrusta water of charitee, 
ffor our faithe and fidelitee, 

He pooderite the rigore 
Off his passion done m cruellyci 
ffor the helth of mannys saulle cheflye 

He tlirustid and desirede : 
And then after tormente longe, 
And after paynes felle and stronge 

This mekist lam expyrede* 
ffor wikkit synners this lame is dede ! 
Alese ! my hart wex hevy os lede, 

Myndinffe my writchitnesse. 
Where was ever a mor synfuUe creature 
Than I myself? nay, nay,— I am sure 

Was none of mor offencesse* 
Oj what displesur is in my mynd, 
Remcmberinge that I was so unkynd 

To hym that hingesJiere, — 
That hinges here so piteoslye ! 
ffor my synnes done owlragioslye 

Mercy, Lorde, I requere, 
Notwithstondinge thegre[te] enomiitee 
Of my fowle synnes and of his Imniylitee, 

This hinibe, this innocent, — 
fior my cnntrilioun he forgave mee, 
Only of liis fre mercifuile pilee, — 

Neddes must my harte relente ! 
This is the sacrifice of rcmissioun, 
Crist alle synners Imvinge contritioun 

Callith to mercy and grace: 
Sayinge thes swet« wordes, '* retorne to mee, 
Leve thy syn and I shal be with thee, 

Accepte in everyplace.'' 
Had not beyne his most mercituUe consolatione, 
I wreche of alle WTetches into desperatioun 

Had fiillcn right dangeroslye! 
My dedes were daiupnabille of righte, 

VOL* U, 



But his metcee accepte my harle contrighte, 

And reconsiled me gracioslye. 
O, mekeste lambe, hanginge here oa hye, 
Was ther none othere mcyn but thou must nede dy, 

Synners to reconsyle 1 
A! sisters, sisters, what sorow is in me, 
Beholdinge my master on this peteose tree ! 
My harte faynt I may no longer dree,^ — 

li^ow lat me pawse a whyle. 
O, where shalle ony comfurthe com to mee, 
And to his modere, that maid so free ] 

Wald God here I myght dye ! 
77ie ij\ 3Iari€s. Gud Mawdleyn, mesure yoore dis- 

tillinge teres, 
Mawdlayn* O, sisters, who may hold theire cheresl 
These are the swete fete I wipet with heris, 

And kissid so devowtlye* 
And now to see tham tbyrlite with a nayle. 
How shidde my sorow fulle harte hot fayle, 

And mowrne contynually 1 
Cum hithere, Joseph, beholds and looke 
How many bludy letteres beyii writen in this buke, 

Smalle margente her is. 
Josephe. Ye, this parchement is stritchit owt of syse ; 
O, dercst Lorde, in how paynfulle wise 

Have ye tholit this ! 
Of alle the pepille that passis hereby, 
Beholde here inwardly e with your ees gostly. 

Consider welle and see," 
Yf that ever ony payn or torment 
Were Hk unto this, which this innocent 

Haves suffert thus mcklee ! 
Remembere, man, remembere welle and see 
How liberalle a man this Lord was and free, 

Which to save mankind 
On droppe of blude haves not kepit ne sparid, — 
ffulle litille for ease or plesure he carid, 

By reason ye may finde, 
Which on dropp of blood hase not resarvyd. 
O Lord, by thy deth we beyn preservyd, 

By deih thou hast slayne deth : 
Was never no love hk unto thyne. 
That to this meknes thyselfe wald inclyne, 

And for us to yelde thy brethe. 
Thou knew there were no remedy to redeyme syn. 
But a bath of ther blude to bathe maas saule in. 



And thou were welle assent 
To let it renne owt most plenteosly. 
Where wer ever sich love I never verrely, 

That such wise wald content* 
To his fathere for us he made a sure rendere : 
Loo^ every bone ye may nowmbere of Km body tendere 

ffor untollerabille paynes. 
The tormentours sparede no crueltee, 
Whith sharp scowrp^es to terre his fleshe ye may see. 

With thorns thrust in his braynes. 
Grete nayles drevyn the bones alle to brake, 
Thus in every parte the nayles thay did wrake! 

O cruelle wikkitnese ! 
ffrom the crowne of the hede unto the too. 
This blessit body was wrappit alle in woo. 

In payne and distresse ! 
In this displaied body where may it be founde. 
On spott or a place bet ther is a wounde, 

Owther mor or lesse ? 
Se his side, hede, handes, and fete ! 
Lo, alle his body with blade is wete ! 

Lo^ paynfnlle was his presse ! 
On yche parte he is payiied sore, 
Save only the tunge, which evermore 

ffor synners did prayee, 
Mawdleyn. Who saw ever a spektacle more piteus, 
A more lamentable sight and dolorus ? 

A ! A I this wofulle daye ? 
Alese ! this sorow that I endure. 
With grete inwarde hevynes and cure ! 

Alesse ! that I do not dye ! 
To see h}Tn dede made me of noghte, 
And with his deth thus haves me boughte ! 

O cruelle tormentrye ! 
O dere master, be ye not displeasid; 
Yf I myght dy with yow, my hart wer wel easid ! 

ffaynt and faynt it is \ 
Joseph, What meyn je, women, in Goddis namel 
Moder, to mych sorow ^e mak j ye be to blame ; 

1 pray yow leve aUe this. 
He that hingeth here of his humilite, 

ffrora deth shalle aryse for right, — so saide hee, 

His wordes must nedis be trewe. 

This is the finale cawse and conclusioun, 

To bringe our mortalle enmy to confusion. 

And his powere to subdewe. 

Amongest us agayn he shalle resorte 

I trust verrelye. 
I pray yow compleyne not thus hevylee. 
Mawdieyn. Nedes must I compleyne and that most 

And I shalle telle yow whye. 
If sensibille creaturs beyn troublid, ^e see, 
The son had lost his sight, ecleppid was hee, 

Th'erth tremblide ferfuUye, — 
The hard flvnt and stone is brokyn in sundre, 
Yf resonable creaturs be trowblid it is no wonder ; 

And emange alle specially, 
I a wrechit woman, a wreche ! a wrecbe ! 
Behold these bludy welles, her may thou feche 

Balme more preciose than golde. 
O ye Welles of mercy dyggide so depe, 
Who may refrayn, who may hot wepe 

These bludy streymys to beholde ? 
O fontans flowinge with water of life, 
To wash away corrupcioun of wondes infectyfe. 

By dedly syne grevose ! 
Alle with meknese is mesured this ground without dowte, 
Wherin so many springes of mercy flowes owte, 

Beholde how so plenteose. 
Altera Maria. Mawdleyne, your mowrnynge avaylis 

Lat us speke to Josephe, hym hertely desiringe 

For to finde some gude waye, 
This crucified body downe to take, 

A nH Virinrro if fr* connl/»Virf» ur\t\ ga lof f mnlro 



Ye shalle se hyme takyii downe or ye go. 

That he taryes so longe I marvel le. 
A ! I se hym now com upward the hille, 
Cesse of youre weplnge, I pray you be stille, — 

I trust allc shal be welle. 
Nichodetnus, come iiere, we have longe for you tho^t 
Nichodemiis* worthy Lorde, who made alle thinge 

of noght, 
With the most bitter payne to deth is thou broaghte» 

Thy name blessit bee ! 
O how a pitefuile sight is this, 
To se the prince of everlastinge blisse 

To hinge here on this tree, — 
To hinge here thus soo piteoslye ! 
O most lovinge Lorde, thy gret mercy 

To this liavese the €x>iistrcynyd 1 
Why wold thyn awn pepille, thi awnfiokke. 
Thus crucyfy the and nay He tille a stokke? 

Why haves thou not refreynyd I 
flTor fourty yere in wildernesse 
Theire oide ffaders in theire progresse 

Thou fed with angelles foode, 
And brought tham into the land of promission, 
Wher they fand lond in every condischioti, 

And alle thinge that was goode : 
A! A I Is this theire graraercy ? Is this theire reward ? 
Thy kindnesse, thy gudnese can they regard 

No better but thus? 
Notwithstondinge the vesture of thi humanyte^ 
That thou were the verrey son of God tliay myjt see 

By myracles most gloriose ! 
Joseph, Gude brothere, of your compleinte cesse, 
Je renewe agayne grete hevynesae 

Now in thes women here. 
Nicodemus, Gret comfurthe we may have alle, 
flbr by his Godly powere arise he shalle. 

And the thride dayc apere : 
ffor ons he gave me leve with hym to rcasone. 
And he shewet of this deth and of this treasone, 

And of this cruel tee, 
And how for niankynd he com to dye, 
And that he shuld arise so glorioslye 

By his myghtee majestee j 
And with our flesche in hevyn tille ascend. 
Many swete werdes it plesit hyra to spend, 

Thus speking unto me, — 



That no man to hevyn myght clym. 
But if it were by grace of hym 

Which com downe to make us freer 
Nemo ascendit in ca;ltim nisi qui descendit de 
cceIo. [Ephes. iv. 9.] 

Joseph redy to take Crist daume saist 

To tak down this body lat us assaye^ 
Brother Nichodemus, help I yow praye. 

On arme 1 wald ye hadd 
To knokk out thes nayles so sturdy and grete, 
O Safyoure> they sparid not your body to bete, 

Thay aught now to be sadd ! 
Mawdieyn^ Gude Josephe^ handille hym tenderlye, 
Josephe. Stondener, Nichodemus, resave hym softlye; 

Mavvdieyn, hold ye his fete, 
Mawdleyne. Haste yow, gude Josephe, hast yow 

ffor Marye his moder wille com fer I^ 

A ! A ! that virgine most swete ! 
Nichodemus, I saw hir benethe on the othere sid^ 
With John ; I am sure she wille not abid 

Longe frome this place. 

Mary virgyn and mother com then saymge, 

A ! A ! my dere sone Jhesus ! A ! A ! my dere sone 

Jhesus ! 
John Emungeltste. Gude Marye, swete cosyne, 
mowme ye not ihus^ 

Ye see how stondes this case. 
Mawdleyne. Allese, scho commys ! A! whatremedye! 
Gud Joseph, comfurth hire stcdfastlye,— - 

That virgyne so fulle of woo ! 

Mary virgynne sais, fallen in swaume, 

Stonde stille, frendes, hast ye not soo, 

Have ye no fere of mee ? 
Lat me help to tak my dere son downe. 
Mary Mawdleyne^ Lo, I was sure sho walld falle m 
a swowne ! 

Her on every sid is pitee. 
Josephe, Help, Mawdleyne, to revyve hir agayn. 
A ! A ! this womans harte is plungid with payn, 
Hir sorwe sho cane not cesse, 
Johne Evaungdisle, A! A ! dere ladee^ wherfore and 



ffare ye on this wise I wille ye i 

"of this hev\T3esse : 

here dy ! 
Leyf<"^ ' 

Ye promesit me ye wold not do thus* 

Afawdleyne, Speke, lady e, spekc for the love of J hesus^ 

Yoare swete sone, my master here ! 

Marye virgyn, A I A ! Mawdleyn, Mawdleyn, your 

master so deere ! 
y. Maries, Most meke modere, be now of gude chere! 
John Evaungelisie, Wipe awaye that rynnys owte so 

ffrom your remembraunce rayse owt at the last 

Of his passione the crueltee ! 
Josephe. Tak comfurthe, Marye, tliis wailinge helpes 

nothinge ; 
Your dere son we wille to his sepulcre bringe, 

Als it is alle oure dew tee. 
Mary Vifffyn* God reward yow of your tendernesse, 
I shalle assiste you with alle humylenesse, 

But yit or he departe 
Suffere me my raynd for to breke ; 
Howbeit fuile scantiy may I speke, 

ffor faynte and febille harte ! 
A I A ! cosyn John, what shall I saye 1 
Who saw ever so dolfulle a daye, — 

So sorowfulle a tyra as this 1 
This wofuUe modern sorow who cane itt expresse, 
To se hir own chyld slcyn with cruelnesse ? 

Yit, rayn own swetson, your woundes 
wold I kysse ! 
O Gabrielle! Gabrielle! 
Of grete joy did ye telle 

In 30ur first salutatioun ! 
Ye saide the Holigost shuld com io mee. 
And I shuld consave a child in virginitee, 

ffor mankind salvatioun ! 
That ye said truthe right welle knaw I, 
But ye told me not my son shuld dye, 

Ne yit the thought and care 
Of his bitter passioun which he suffert nowe ! 
O old Symeon, fuUe sulhlye said yowe, 

To spek ye ^ old not spare ! 
Ye saide the sword of sorow suld enter my hart. 
Ye, ye, juste Symeon, now I felle it smarte 

With most dedly pajue. 
Wsis there never moder that felit so sore, 
I^wise, John, I felle it alway more and more f 

Help, help» now Mawdlene ! 



Et cadit in extase. 

Mawdleyne. Mek moder and mayde, leve your la- 
ment atioun ! 
Ye swowne stille on pase with dedly supiratioun. 

Ye mare youreself and us. 
John Evaungeliste. Ye shuld lefe of your paynfulle 

Callinge to your mynd his resurrectione» 

Whiche sal be so gloriose : 
This knaw ye and that beste. 
Mary virgyn. I knaw it welle, or ellis in reste 

My harte shuld never bee ; 
I myght not leve nore endure 
On mynnatej bot I am sure 

The thrid day ryse shalle hee ; 
But yit havinge remembraunce, 
The gret cruelty and ffelle vengance 

Of the Jues so unkind, 
Which thus wikkitly has betrayed 
Goddes son, borne of me a mayd, 

Most sorowfulle in my mynd ! 
O Judas, why didist thou betraye 
My son thi master 1 What can thou saye 

Thyself for tille excuse 1 
Of his tender mercyfuUe charite, 
Chase he not the on [of] his xij. to bee 1 

He wald not the refuse ! 
Calljrt not he the to his sopere and last reserectioun? 
Cowth thou not put owt thi pesyn and infectioun, 

Save thus only 
Unto thy master to be so unkind ? 
Was his tender gudnese owt of thy mynd 

So unnaturallye ] 
Gave he not to the his body in memorialle, 
And also in remembraunne perpetualle, 

At his suppere there ? 
He that was so comly and fayre to behold. 
How durst thou, cruelle hert, to be so bold 

To cawse hym dy thus here T 
By thy treson my son here is slayne ! 
My swete, swetist sone, how suld I refreyne 

This bludy body to behold ? 
Josephe. Gud dere Marye, git you hence ! 
We shalle bery hym with alle reverence. 

And ly hym in the mold. 



Have hit hence, John, now I desire. 

Johannes Evaun gelt sis. Com on, swete lady, I jow require ; 

I shalJe gife yow attendance. 
Jowphe. On of yow women bertir companye. 
Altera Maria. 1 shalle wayte on hir* Go we hence, Marye ; 

Put alle this from your remembrance. 
Marie Vl^rgyn* What meyn ye, frendesl what is your mynd? 
Towardes me be not so unkinde, — 

His moder am not 1 1 
Wold ye have the moder depart hym fro ? 
To lefe hym thus I wille not so, 

But bide and silt hym bye. 
Therefore, gud Joseph, be content ! 
Josephs A ! A ! Marye, for a gud consent, 

We wald not have you here, 
Marie X^rgyn, Wold ye rcnewe mor sorow in me I 
Josephe* Nay, gud lady, tliat were pi tee, 
Marye llrffyne. Than late me abide hym nere, 
John, why spek ye not for my comfortef 
Mi dere sone bad me to you resorle, 

And all way on you calle. 
Ye knaw welle her is my tresure 
Whom I love beste, whom alle my plesure 

Is and ever be shall ? 
Her is my likinge and alle ray love ! 
Why wald ye than me hens remove ? 

I pray yow hartly cesse ! 
Departe I may not bot by fors constreynyd, 
Remembringe departinge ales ! my hert is paynid ! 

Mor then I may expresse ; 
Now, dere swete coysyne, I yo%v praye, 
Myn awn dere love which on Thursdaye, 

Of his grace specialle, 
Of bis lovinge mynd and tendernesse, 
And of verrey inward kindnesse, 

At suppere eroanges you alle, — 
He admyttid you frendly for to reste, 
And slepe on his holye godly breste, 

ffbr a specialle prerogatife, 
Because of your virginite and clennesse, 
Deroosyn, encreaae myn hevynesse, 

Yf ye desire my life; 
But, gud frendes, here intreyt not ye. 
But be content, and suffere mee 

ns yit for to hold — 
ffor to holde here in this place, 

VOL. 11. T 


REtiaUlJC AKTia^^iE. 

And in myn arrays for to embrace 

This body, which now is cold,— 
This bludy body woundit so sore 
Of my swet son, John, I aske no more ! 
John Ei^aungelisie. Lady, if ye wille have modcratioun 
Of youre roost sorowfulle lamentacioun. 

Do as ye list in this case. 
Marie V^rgyne. John, I shall e do os ye thinke gude 
Getitille Josephe, lat me sit under your rude. 

And holde ray sone a space. 
Nichodemus. Let us suffere the modere to compleyn 
Hir sonnes dethe in verrey certeyn, 

Till ease hir and content. 
Josephe, Yn, so shalle hir soirowfulle hartc 
Alway to suffere Rmarte, 

And we can bot repente. 
Marie llrgpie, sisters Mawdleyn, Cleophe, and Jacobye, 
Ye see how pitefulle my sonc doth lye. 

Here in myne arrays dede ! 
What erthly mother may refreyn. 
To se hir sone thus cruelly sleyn \ 

A ! my harte is hevy os lede ! 
Who shalle gife me water sufficient, 

And of distillinge teris habundaunce, 
That I may wepe my fille, with hart relent. 

After the whantite of sorofulle remembraunce 1 
ffor his sak that made us alle, 

Which novy ded lyes in my lappe, 
Of me a niayd by grace specialle 

He pleside to be borne and sowket my pape ; 
He shrank not for to shew the shape 

Of verreye man at his circumcision, 
And ther shed his blude for mannys hape ; 

Also at my purificatioun 
Of hyra I made a fayre oblatioun, 

Which to his fader was most plesinge ; 
ffor fere than of Herodes persecutioun, 

Intille Effipe fast I fled witli hym : 
His grace me gidid in every thinge : 

And now is he dede ! that changes my chere! 
Was never child to moder so lovinge ! 

Who that cannot wcne at me may lere ! 
Was never deth so cruelle as tnis, 

To slo the g^y vere of alle grace \ 
Son, suffer ine your woundes to kisse, 

And your holy blude spilt in this place ; 



Dere sone, yehave steynyd your face. 

Your face so frely to behold ! 
Thikk bludy droppes rynnes down apace, — 

Speciosits farma the prophet told. 
But alese! your lormentes so iimiiyfohl 

Hase ahatid your visage so gloriose! 
Cruelle Jewes, what mad vow so bold 

To contimyt this cry me most UDgraciose, 
Which to yourself is most noyose ] 

Now shalle alle the cursinges of your lawe 
Opon yow falle most myschevosCi 

Aod be Ivnaweii of vagabundes over awe ! 
He and I com both of your kyn. 

And that ye kilhe uncurteslye, 
He com for to for-doo your syn, 

But ye forsuke hym frowardly ! 
Who cannot wepe, com sit me bye 

To se hym that regnyd in blisse 
In hevyn with his fader gloryo^lye. 

Thus to be slayn in alle giltlesse ! 
Son, in your haodes ar holes wid, 

And in your fete that so tender were ! 
A gret wounde is in your blessit sid, 

tTolle deply drevyn with a sharpe spere! 
Your body is bete and brussid here, 

On ever}^ sid no place is free ! 
Nedes muste I wope with hevy chere, 

Who can not wepe com lerne at me I 
And beholde your Lorde, myn awn der sone. 

Thus dolfulye delt with, ose ye see! 
Se how his hede with thorny s is thronge ! 

Se how he naylit was tiUe a tree ! 
His synows and vaynes drawne so stray tlee, 

Ar bfokyn sonder by payns ungude ! 
Who can not wepe, c5om lerne at me, 

And beholde hym here that hange on rude ! 
Se alleabowte the bludy streynes, 

O man, this sufTert he for thee! 
Se so many felJe and bitter peynes, 

This lame shed his blude in fulle plentee ! 
Who can not wepe, com lerne at mce, 

Se alle his frendes is from hyra fled ! 
Alle is but blude, so bett was hee, 

flro the sole of his feete unto the hed ! 
O swete child, it was nothinge mete, 

Save your sufferaunce ye had no pare, 



To lat Judas kisse these lippes so swete. 

To suffer a traytor to com so nerc 
To betray his master my Wist of chere ! 

my swete child, now suffer yee 
Me your moder to kiss yow here. 

Who cannot wepe com leme at me, — 
To kisse and swetly yow imbrace, 

Imbrace and in myn armes hold. 
To hold and luke on your blessit face, — 

Your face most graciose to behold! 
To beholde so comly ever I wold, 

1 wold, I wold stille with yow bee» 
Stille with yow to ly in mold, 

Who can not wepe com lerne at me! 
My wille is to dy, I wald not leve, 

Leve how suld I, sithen dede ar yeel 
My lif were ye, noght can me g:reve 

So that I may in your presence bee. 
Me your wofuHe moder her may ye se. 

Ye see my dedly sorow and payne* 
Who can not wepe, com lerne at mee, 

To see so meke a lambe her slayne, 
Slayne of men that no mercy hadd, 

Had they no mercy I reporte me see, 
To se this bkidy body is not your hart sadd I 

Sad and sorowfuUe, have ye no pitee I 
Pile and compassioun to se this crueltee ? 

Crueltee ? unkind nese ! O men most unkind. 
Ye that can not wepe, com lerne at mee ! 

Kepinge this cruci fixe stille in your mind; 
When ye war borne of me a raayde rayld, 

I sange '* luUay" to bringe you on slepe. 
Now is my songe, *'alese! ales! my child!" 

^ow may I %vayle, wringe my handes, and wepe* 
Who shal be my comforth 1 who shalle me kepe ? 

Save at your depar tinge ye segnyt to mee, 
John your cosyn most vcrtuus and 3epe, 

Who that can not wepe, com and lerne at mee ! 
O derest childe, what fait haf ye done ? 

What was your trispace 1 I wald knaw it fayne, 
Wherfor your bless id blude is forsid fortJi lo rome, 

Have murtherid any person or ony manne slayne 1 
That your awn pepille thus to yow dose endeyne, 

Nay, nay, nay, ye never did offence. 
Was never spote of syne in your clere conscience ! 

And notwitfjstandinge their felle indignatioun. 



Only of gudwille and inward charitee, 

Abo for love and mannes salvatioun, 
)e have suffer! alle this of your humylitee ! 

Of your large mercee gret was the whantite, 
Grete was the multitude of your merites alle, 

Thus for mannes sake to tast the bitter galle ; 
Sone, helpe, help your moder in this wofulle smarte, 

Comfurth your wofulle moder that never was unkind, 
In your conceptioiin ye reyoyel my harte. 

But now of dedly woo so gret cawse I find, 
That the joy of my haylsinge is passid fro my mynd, 

Yit suffer me to hold yow her on my lapo> 

Which sunityui gafe you mylk of my pape ! 
O swete, swetist child, woo be unto me ! 

O most wofulle woman, your awn moder, loo ! 
Who shalle graunt it me with you fore to dee 1 

The son is dede, w hat shalle the moder doi 1 

Where shalle sho resorte ] winder shalle sho gool 

Yit suffere me to hold yow a while in my lap, 

Which sumtym gafe yow my Ik of my pap ! 
O crewelle deth, no lengere thou me spare ! 

To me thou were welcom and also acceptabille t 
Oppresse me down at ons, of the I have no care ! 

O my son, my saveyour, and joye most comfortabille, 

ssufFere me to dy with yow most merciabilfe, 

Or at lest lat me hold you a wliile in my lape, 

AVhich sumtyme gave yowe the milk ot my pape ! 
O } e wikkit pepille, without mercy or pitee. 

Who do ye not crucyfye and hinge me on the crosse ? 
Spare not your nayles I spare not your crueltee ! 

Ye can not make me to rone in greter losse 
Than lo less my son, that to me was bo dere, 

Why sloo ye not the moder w^hich is present here T 
Dere sone, if the Jues yit wille not sloo me, 

Your gudnes, your grace, I besech and praye, 
So calle me to your mercy of your benignitee, 

To youre mek suters ye never saide yit nay 6 ! 

Then may ye not your moder in this cause delayCp 
The mod ere with the child desires for to reste^ 
Remcrabere, myne awne sone, that ^e sowket my breste ! 

Remember, when your flcshe w^as soft os tender silke, 
With the grosse metes then yow I wold not fede, 

But gave yow the licour of a maydyns my Ike ! 
Tille Egipe in myne amies softly I did you lude. 
But your sniylinge contenaunce I askit non other mede ! 
Then be content that I with you may riste, 



Remembere, my der son, that fe sowkit my briste ' 
At your nativitee remember, my dere sone, 

What vesselle I brochitto your iiobille grace. 
Was ther never moder that brochit sich a tone, 

ffrom ray virgyne pappes myllt ran owt apasse^ 

To your godly powere natur gaf a place. 
Ye sowkit raaydens milke and so did never none ; 
Nore herafter sballe, save yourself alone ; 
When ye sowkid my brest your body was hole and sound, 
Alese, in every place now se I many wound ! 
Now help me, swet Mawdleyn, for I falle to the ground, 
And me vvofulle Mary help now, gud John I 
John Mvaungeliste. Than, gudeswete lady, lif your gret mone. 
Mary J^irgyn, A ! A ! Mawdleyn, why devise ye nothings 
To this blessid body for to gif pray singe I 
Sum dolorose ditee express now yee, 
In the dew honour of this ymage of pitee. 
Mawdleyn, To do ^our biddynge, lady^ be we righte fayn» 
But yit, gud lady, your teres ^e refreyn* 
Josephs Now, Mary, deliver that b!issit body tille us. 
Mary virgyn. Wille je tak from me myn own sone Jhesus 1 
Nichodemus, Good lady, suflTre us to bringe hym to his grave! 
Mary mryyn, Swele frendis, suffer me raor respit to have ! 
Have compassioun of me, frendes^ I ^ou praye, 
So hastely fro me tak hym not awaye ! 
Yf to his se pule re nedis ye wille hym here, 
Bery me his moder with myn awn son here ! 
When he was lyvynge to leve 1 desirid, 
Now sithen he is ded allc my joye is expirid ; 
Therefor liiy the moder in ^ravc with the child I 
Johannes Evaungelista, Mary modere and maiden most 

my Id, 
Ordere youraelfe os resone dot requere! 
Josephe, Com on, lat us bery this body that is here ! 
Mary Virgin, O now myn harte is in a mortalle dred, 
Alias! shalle I not kep hym, nothere whik ne ded, 

Is ther no remedye ? 
Yit, Josephe, agayn the cloth ye unfold, 
That his graciose visage I may ons behold, 

I pray yow interlye ! 
Josephe, Pece, gude Marye, ye have had alle your wille, 
Mary Virgyn. Ales ! this: depart inge my tender hart doth kill f 
Gud coysyn John, yit spek a word for mec. 
Johanne Evaangeliste. Be content, swet Mary, for it may not 

Mary Virgyn, A ! A ! toward me ye be verreye cruelle, 

R£LlQtlI.C ANTIQU,*, 143 

Yit lat we bid ons myne own son farwelle ! 

Ye may it not clcny^. 
Now farewclle, only joye of alle my harte and mynd ! 
ffarewelle, the derest redemptioua of mankind, 

Suffert most bitterlye ! 
Johanne EvaungelUte. Cora one, Mary, come. 
Nidiodemus, Some of your women ber hir companye. 
y. Maries. We sballe gife hire attendance, 
flaiihfully with humble reverance. [Exeunt, 

Josephe, Now in his grave lat us ly hym downe. 
And then resorte we agayn to the towne [sepelttur. 

To here what men wille saye. 
Mawdleyn, ye must hense departe* 
Mawdlm/n. Ye, and that with a sorewfulle hartei 

Mowrnynge nyght and daye ! 
ffarewelle, swete lambe! iarwelle, most iimocent! 
Wrichit Mawdleyn with most hartly intent 

Commende?^ hir to your grace ! 
ffarewelle, der master ! farwelle, derest lord ! 
Off your gret mercye :je shalle the world record, 

Herafter in ylk place ! 
Summe preciose balraes I wille go bye, 
Tille anoynt and honour this blessit body, 

Os it my dewty is* 
ffayre Josephe and gude Nichodemus, 
I commend jou to the kepinge of Jhesus, 

He wille whit ^ou alle this. 
Josephe, ffarewelle, Mawdleyn, to yourself com forth take. 
Of this blessit berialle lat us ane end make! 
Here now is he gravid and here lyes hee, 
Which for love of man of his charit6 

Suffert bitter passioun. 
Gret C43mforthe it is unto us alle, 
That the thride day aryse he shalle 

In the most gloriose fassioun. 
The tyrae drawethe fast and approchis nere, 
Schortly I truste sum gud lidinges to here: 
Devowte Nichodemus, departe we as no we. 
Nicodemus. Gladly, frende Joseph, I wil!e go with jowe. 

Hius here endes the most holy beriale of the body of CJirist 






[From the aaine mftouscripi»] 
Her begy fines his Resurrectioun on Pasfie-dai/e ai mom^ 
Mawdleyne be^jfnnes sayinge, 
O this grete hevynese and payn ! 
Alese, how Innge shall e it remayn 1 

How longe simile it endure 
And rist within my most carfulle hart ? 
How longe slialle I feyle this dedly smarte! 

Who shall e my soiowe cure ? 
How longe shaHe I lif in desolatioun ? 
When shalle the houre com of consolatioun, 

That my master I maye see. 
Which opon the friday laste, 
Was crucified and naiUt fast 

Peteosly tille a tree 1 
So pyteose a sight and lamentabille. 
So dolorose and miserabillc, 

I hop ye shalle never fynd I 
Cursid Kayn was verrey cruelle, 
And slew nis awn brothere A belle, 

Of a maliciose mynd; 
Yit was he not so maliciose 
Ose the cniclle Jewes most owtrajiose, 

Which here has slayne my Lord 1 
The soiines of Jacob gret envy had 
Agayns ther brother Joseph, ^onge, wise, and sad, 

Os Scriptur doth record; 
Thay intendit to slo hym malishosly. 
And yit timy did not soo cruelly 

Os wrought thes Jewes wild * 
ffewe jeres past Herod the kinge 
Put to deth many jongHnge, 

And many moders child, 
Here in the land ol Israelle; 
But of such cruelte barde ye never telle 

Ose done was one fridaye. 
When so grete rigore and tyrannye 
Was in theire hartes to garre hym dye, 

Which was so graciose aye. 
Abelle and Josephe wer gude and graciose. 
But theire dedis were not so gloriose. 

Nor of so virtuose kynd, 
Ose of hym which, in his humanitee, 


Wrough grete myracles in his divinitee, 

Ats ye may calle to mynd ; 
ffor alie his werkes so welle devy^side, 
Emaiige tliaoi thus to be dispised. 

And with cruelty slayne ! 
Ales! when I remembere his woo, 
Scantly may I speke or goo, 

lo harte 1 have suche payne ! 
I have bought here oyotment preciouse 
To enslave his body most graciose^ 

To do it reverence : 
My sister Cleophe saide that shee 
To the sepulchre wald goo with mee. 

And doo hir dihgence* 
Of the thrid day this is the morn3mge, 
And of iny dere master yit herd I uothinge, 

Wherfor I am most hevee ! 
Alese ! felishipe her is noone ! 
Rathere then I faile I wille go alone ; 

A ! dere Lorde, your mercee ! 

Secund Manje commys in, and sais, 

A! my harte, what thou art faynt ! 

How longe shalle we thus raak complaynt 1 

So sorowfulle tym never was ! 
When shalle com forth com of our desire 1 
What woman is this that lyes here? 

It is Mawdleyn, alese I 
Sister Mawdleyn, why waile ye on this wise! 
Gud sister, we pray 50U stand up and arise ! 

Comforth yourself wyslye ! 
3£awdleyn. Off your commynge'^ sister, I am glade, 
I- wise 1 knaw welle that je be sadd. 

Ye have cawse os welle os I ! 
Secufid Marye, Ther is no gud creatur dar I saye, 
But inwardly sorowe he may 

And compleyn bitterelye : 
To remembere the felle torment, 
And cruelle payne of this innocent, 

Which levit so vertuoslye. 
Of his meknese hyrasclf he offVed, 
Whatsoever payn to hym was profred, 

This lambe God sone is free; 
Nothinge ragid he ne was unpaciente, 
But ever most mekly tille his payne he went, 

With bayne benignitee! 
VOL. ir u 



ffrom the tym of Abraharae, 

And that our faders from Egip came, 

Or when sorow was maste, 
I am suere was never day so piteouse. 
So doolfulle and so dangerouse, 

Ose Friday that is paste ; 
When alle the crueltye was owtsought. 
To distroy hym made alle thing of noght, 

To sloo hvm that gyves life. 
Owt of my mynd this never goo shalle, 
That for man diete the maker of alle, 

By his manhed passyve. 
Maivdlegn. So dolfuUe a day was never befor this ! 
But go we to the monyment where his sepulcre is. 

To anoynte his body there. 
Secund Marye. Sister, I com for that sam intent, 
Ther is nothinge can me better content. 

To go I have no fere. 
Mawdleyn, Then, gude sister, lat us goo dcvowtlee. 
Secunde Marye, Abide, yonder comes Marye Jacobee, 

I trow with us sho wille goo. 

Th)nde Marye comys in. 

O gude sisters, howe is it with ^owe ] 

Mawdleyn, A ! dere sister, never soo eville os no we. 

Thrid Marye. Gud Mawdleyn, say not soo ; 

This is the thrid day ^e remember welle. 

Mawdleyn, The bot of my master and lorde I here not telle, 

Therfore I can not cease : 
We were goynge to monyment, 
Wher OS lyeth that swete innocent, — 

Loo here ! oyntmentes of swetncse ! 
Tlirid Marye. Gude sisters, on yow shalle I wayte. 
Secunde marye. Then let us tak the way furth strayte. 
Mawdleyn, Sisters, I percey ve the place is her bye, 
Lat us ordeyn our oyntmentes occordinglye, 

"^ith alle humylite : 
Here lyes he that was mcrcifulle to synners alle, 
Here lycthe he most piteose when we did calle ! 

Com nere, sisters, and see. 
Loo, here is the place wher the body was laid. 
Which borne was of a virgyn and a cleyne maid, 

Tille honour it gretc cawse have wee : 
Gud sisters, be we not affray d 

To do hym reverence and dew tee. 
Here he lyeth whose lif surmountes alle other. 


Which mysed from deth to lyve Lazarus my brolher. 

Now a levinge man ! 
He lyese here, which by hys powre devyne 
In Ghana Gahlee turnyde water to wyne, 

Ose many testy fy can* 

The angelle spekes, 
Whom seke ye, women sanctifiede ? 

T7iree Maryes togider sais, 

Jhesus of Nazareth crucified, 

Tlie redemer of mankind I 
Angelle, He is resyne, he is not here; 
To his discipules he shalle apere, 

In Galilee thay shalle liym fynd ! 
Mulier, quid ploras ? Woman, why wepis thou soo I 
Mawdlen* ffor myn harte is fit lie of sorovv and woo; 
My Lorde, that was the kinge of blisse. 
Is takyn away, 1 wat not wher he is. 
Angelle, Com hidere, woman, approche mor uere : 
Be of gude comfurth and of gud chere, 

ffor so gret cawse ye have ; 
He that ye seke so beselyei 
With gude mynd so faytlifullye. 

Is resyn here from his grave ! 
The son of Gode^ in his human ite^ 
Sufferde deth, and, by his divinitee. 

Is resyn the thnd daye ! 
ifor redemption of man was he borne, 
Displayede on the crose, and aDe to-torne 

In righte piteose araye ! 
The batelle is done and victory e renuyd, 
The grete enmy of man therby is subduyd, 

That most hatid mankynd ; 
Com hidder, and behold with your eye 
The place where the body did lye, — 

Be joyeos now of mynd ! 
Loo, here is the cloth droppid bind, 
Which was put on hym takyn of the rud, 

Ose yourself did see ; 
ffor a remembraunce tak it yee. 
And liy yaw fast to Galilee, 

ffor ther apper shalle hee. 
Mawdleyn^ Yit must myn herte wepe inwerdelye, 
Yit m\\^\ I niowrne contynuallye. 

Myndinge my master dere ! 




what rayn harte is hevy and lothe. 
When I beholde this piteose clothe, 

Which in my hande is here ! 
This cloth with blude that is so stayned, 
Of a maydens child so sor constraynid. 

On cross when he was done ! 
O rygore unrieht ! O crueltee ! 
wikkit wyliullenese ! O perversitee! 

hartes harde os stone ! 
To put to deth a lamb so meke, 

Welle nmy the teres rone down your cheke, 

Welle may your hartes relent ; 
MjTidinge the payn my lorde and master felte, 

in my body my herte now dothe melte 1 

To dy I were content ! 
Secimd Marye, Sister Mawdlen, to blame ye are. 
With this dedly sorow yourself to tnarre. 

Yourself thus to torment I 
Ye torment yourselfe and crucifye. 
Ye have cawse to tak gladnes, and whye. 

Ye have prove evident : 
That your master and oures by his Godly myght 
Is resen from deth to lyfe, an angelle bright 

Schewes thes tidinges tille us ; 
And shewed us the place wber his body laye. 
Which is not ther, for-thi let passe awaye" 

Our sorow most grevouse. 
ITirid Mafye. Sister Mawdleyn, in your hart be stabiUe, 
We shalle here tidinges right comfortabille, 

And yit I trust shortlye ; 
ffor that is suth veriLabille, 

Saide so afore suthlye. 
Mawdleyn^ A ! A ! sistersi my slewth and my necligence, 

1 have not don my dewty ne my diligence, 

Ose unto me did falle : 
At my masters sepulcre if I hade gifen attendatmce, 
And waytid wisely with humble affiance^ 

Os I w as bound e most of alle, 
I shuld have seyn bis uprisinge gloriose, 
Of my swete lorde of the which desirose 

1 am, and nedes must bee, 
Alese ! sisters, I was to tidiose 

That holy sight to see ! 
Than I shuld have had comforth uncomperabille. 
Of the which joye to speke I am not abille. 

Than I hade seyn my Lorde 



To have resyn from his sepulture, 

With his bludy wountlcs of hym I had bene sure ! 

Ales ! when I record 
How I myghte have had a sight of your presence, 
Who then aught of verrey congruence 

To be inor glad than I I 
Which ye have calhd by your grace on lee, 
Beynge gretist synner unto your large mercee. 

And that most curtesly : 
Whoso wille not wayte when that tym is, 
When faynest he wold thereof shalle he mysse, 

So it faris by mee : 

wold to God I had made more haste ! 
My slewthfulle werke is now in wast, 

3it, gud Lord, have thou pitee ! 
When Symon to dyner did hym calle, 
Ajnonges the gestes and straungers alle. 

With meknese soberly e, 

1 com in with mynde contrite, 
ffor I hade levid in fowlle delite, 

In syn of licherye I 
Notwithstandinge the gret abhomjmatioun 
Of ray grete synnes, fulle of execratioun, 

Yit of his benignite, 
As with alle mercy he was replete. 
He sufferte me with teris to w^esh his fete, 

Loo ! his mercyfuUe pitee ! 
My synfulle lippes which I did abuse 
To towch his blessit fleshe, he wald not refuse. 

And ther right oppcniye, 
Off his most piteouse tendernese, 
The pardone of my synnes and gret excesse, 

He gave to me hoolye, 
How may I wringe, both wepe and wayle, 
Myndinge on Friday his gret bataile. 

He had on crosse of tree : 
And tuk opon hym for us alle. 
To overcom the t^nd that made us alle, 

A ! sisters, welle raowrne may wee ! 
Secunde Marye. Sister Mawdleyn, it is hot in vayn. 
Thus remedilesse to mak compleyn, 

Therfor it is the best, 
Ych on of us a diverse way to take ; 
His apperinge joy fulle may us make, 

And set our hartes in reste. 
The ihride Marye. Ye, to sek and inquere let us hast and hye; 


Sister Mawdlenc, this is next remedye, 

And therefore departe wee. 
Mawdleyne. O Lorde and master ! help us in hye 

To have a sight of thee. 

Tunc exeunt hce tres Maries. Petrus intral fleM amare. 

allmyghty God, which, with thvn inward ee, 

Seest the depest place of mannys conscience. 
And knowest every thinge most cler and perfitlee, 

Have mercy, have pitee, have thou compatience ! 

1 confesse and knowlege my most gret offence. 
My fowle presumptioun and unstabilnetse. 

Let thi mekille mercy overflowe my synfulnesse. 
And yit I knaw welie, 
No erthly thinge can telle. 

Nor ait it expresse ! 
Mv fawtes ana gret syn. 
Which I am wrappid in. 

With dediy hevinesse, 
Ther may not be ligntly a greter trispesse, 

Then the servaunt the master to denye. 
His owne master, his own kind master, alesse ! 

I make confessioun here most sorowfullye, 

That I denyed maystcr and that most unkindlye ! 
ffor when thay did enquere, if that I did hym knoo, 
I saide I never sawe hym, alesse ! why did I soo ] 
With teres of contritioun, 
With teres of compassioun, 

Welle may I mowmynge make ! 
What a fawte it was. 
The servaunte, alas ! 

His master to forsake ! 
When his grace callid me fro wardly besines, 

And of a poore fishere his discipule chas mee ; 
I was callit Symon Bariona, playnly to expresse, 

But he namid me Petrus, — Petra was hee, 

Petra is a stone fulle of stabilitee, 
Alway stedfaste, alase ! wherfor was I 
Not stabille accordingo, to my nam stedfastlye ] 
O my febille promesse ! 
O my gret unkindnesse ! 

To my shame resarvyd : 
O myndc so unstabillc, 
Thow hast made me culpabille, 

Deth I have deservyd : 
It plcsid thy gudnese gret kindncse to shew mee, 


CaHinge me to thi ^race and gudly convorsatioun. 
And when it pleasid thi Godlied to tak but three 

To Geholde and see the highc speculatioiin, 

Of thy Godly nmjcRtyc in thy Iransfyguratioun, 
Thy specialle grace did abide me for one, 
With the gud blessid James and thi cosyu John, 
Alese 1 that I was so unkind 
To hym, so tender of mynd 

To me most unwoithye ! 
Alese ! the paynes ar smarte, 
Which I fele at my harte, 

And tliat so bitterly e : • 

Lorde, what example of meknesse shewed yee ! 

On Thursday after supere it pk^asiJ your grace, 
To wesh your servauntes fete who ever are did fee. 

More perfite me knese she wet in any case, 

I myself was present in the same place ; 
Alese ! of myself why presumyd I, 
Considcringe your meknese don so stedfasllye, 
A ! niyn unkinde chaunce, 
When it comrnys to remembrauuce, 

In my mynde it is ever : 

1 fele owt of mesure, 
Dcdly pa}Tie and displesure, 

That I can not dessevere : 
O mercyfulle Rcdcmer^ who may yitrecounte, 

The paynes which thiself for us did endure : 
Unworthy if I were, I was with the in the mount. 

Where thou swet bludy droppes man saule to recure, 

In that gret agonye I am right verrey sure 
Stony hartes of flint thou wald tham have mevid, 
Seynge thy tendernese to man by the relevid. 
O that passion was grete, 
When blud droppes of swet 

Ran downe apace. 
That was excedinge payne 
In every membere and vayne. 

As appcrit by his face* 
Of Judas thow were betrayede by and bye. 

Which was thy ^iscipulle and familiere with the. 
It grevid the more, I knew it certanlye. 

He was fede at thi burde of thi benignitee : 

And ^e were betrayed by hi« iniquitee ; 
Yf a straunger had don that dede so tray torouse. 
It had beyn mor tolerabille and not so grevowse. 
David did saj^ in prophecye 



'* Homo pacis mese in qtio speravi 

Supplantavit me/' 
O Lord, your pacience may be perceyvid. 
Which suffert so to be betrayed 

Of Judas, woo is hee 1 
ffulleof wo may I bee sorowfuUe and pensyve, 

Complen3^nge and wepinge with sorow inwertlee. 
And wep bitter teres alle the days of my life, 

Myn unstabille delinge is ever in royn ee. 

I saide 1 wald not leve my master ibr to dee, 
He said I shuld forsak hym or the crok crow thris^ 
But I was presumptuose, unwarej and unwise! 
Afterwerd, when hee 
Lokid upon inee 

With a myld cowntenaunce, 
Ose he stude on the ground, 
Emange his enmyse bownd, 

I wepit abundaunce I 
Then my teres continuelly 

Ran down most sorowfully, 

And yit thay can not cesse ! 
How may I cesse or stynte 1 
Yf my harte wer of flinte, 

1 have caus to wepe dowtlese ! 
caytife 1 wofuUe wreche ! 

From thy harte thou may feche 

Sore and sigbes depe : 
O most unkind man, 
What creatur may or can 

The from sclaunder kepe. 
To forsake tbi master so tender and so gude, 

Which gave to the the keyes of alle holy kirke ; 
And morover for thy sake shed his owne blud, 

O synfulle caytyfe, now aught I sore tille irke 1 
Ales ! John, why did not I 
ffolow my master so tenderlye, 

Os je did, to the endc 1 
But for ye delt soo stedfastlye. 
My master gave you Marye 

To kep in your commend. 
Yf this dcdly woo and sorowe 
Endure with me unto to-morowe, 

Myn hart in sunder wijle breke ! 
Now J Lorde, for tbi tender mercyes alle, 
Reconcyle me to grace and to ihi mercy calle ! 

Ales I I may not spcke ! 



Et sic eadii in ierram Jiens amare. 

Andreas f rater Petri 

A ! brothere Peter, what nedes alle this T 
I se welle good cowncelle wille yow mysse, 

Dry up your teres and rise ! 
Comforth yourselfe, I require yow and praye, 
We shalle have gud tidinges, this is the thrid day, 

Sorow not in this wise, 
Johannes EvaungelisL Stand up, gud brothere, aud mesar 

your hevynese, 
Tliis great contritioun of your hart dowtlese 

To God is plesant sacrifice, 
Petrus. A ! gud brethere Andrewe and John, 
Was never creator so wo begone 

Os I wrecb most unwyse ! 
ffor rememberinge the infinite gudnese 
Of my Lorde, and my most unkyndnese 

Don so writchitlye, 
At ray hart sorow sittes so sore. 
That my dedly payne encreses mor and more ; 

Alese ! my grct folye ! 
Andreas. Gud brother Peter, yourself ^e cdmfort, 

Ther is none of alle bot comfurth may he hafe, 
ffor emonges us agayn our Lorde shalle resorte, 

By his Passioun his piirpassc was mankind to save. 

This is the thrid daye in which from his grave 
He shalle arise fro delh, I have no dowte, 
Therfor lett comfurth put this sorowe owt ! 
Brothere Peter^ thee verrey truth to saye, 

ffew of us alle hade perfit stedfastnesse. 
But sumwhat dowtid and wer owt of the waye, 

Notwithstandinge of his Godhede the clernesse, 

Shewed by his miracles with alle perfitncsse. 
And yf ye remember, brothere, in his last oblatioun, 
He spak of our unstabilnesse and of his desolatioun. 
Saynge ** Omnes vosscandaluni patiemini," 

Alle ye shalle suffer sclaunder for me, 
Os who say ye shalle forsak me a lonly, 

The hirdman shal be strikyn, and the flokk, which 
we bee, 

Schal be disperbilit and away shalle flee ! 
Loo! gud brother Peter, he knew our frealtes alle. 
Our gude master is mercifulle and gracinse withalle, 
And yow, brother Peter, the most specialli 

Hase cause of comfurth, for of his church the hed 




He chace you by order by bis grace frelye* 

flbr-thi from your harte put this fere and dred ; 

Yf ye remember he said to yow in dede, 
** Thy faith shalle never faile whatsoever befalle/* 
Therfor have gud hope and coraforth specialle, 
Ye askit hym ons a whestioun wherwith be was content, 

'* How oft to your brother synne ye shuld relese" — 
Ye thought vij tymes were verrey suiBcient, 

But he said '*sevynty tymes and vij* ye sulJ forgif 

A gret now[m]ber it plesit hym tille expresse ; 
The gret frelty of man he saw in his Godly mynd, 
flbr-thy for your trispace pardon may ye find ; 
Howbeit of yourself to presume to blame ye were, 
Man that is freale of hymself suld have fere ; 
Your pennaunce contntioun acceptabille must bee, 

Ther for in your harte rejoye ye may be fayne, 
Remeniberinge he has put in gret auctoritce, 

That he has saide ons he wille never calle agayne* 

" Quodcumque ligaveris/' he said, thes wordes ar 
And gave yow tlio keyes of hevyne and of belle. 
So to lowse and to bynd this can we alle telle. 
Johannes Evaungelista, Gude brother Peter marke ye welle 
and note 

The wordes of Andrewe beyn sadd and ponderose. 
In your conscience I knaw welle is no^t go great mote, 

But that mercy may clere it of hym that is so graciose* 

Peraventur it was the wille of our master Jhesus, 
That je shuld not be present his passioun to see, 
Wliich he hade on the hille in the most crueltee ; 
Peter, if ye had seyn your mastere at that poynt, 

I trou tliat sy^t had beyn to bevy to yow tille endure. 
He had torment apon torment in every vayn and joynt, 

He was so harde nailet to that paynfulle lure; 

His flesh that was so tender born of a mayden pure. 
And was wont to be towchid with virgyns handes swet. 
Was al to-torn most piteosly from hede to the fet : 
When his body was halid and strilchid with ropes. 

To caws his armes and fet to the holes extend, 
Then the nayies drefTyn in and of (he blude dropcs 

Ran owtso plentuosly, his wille it was to spend, 

Alle his precios blude mannes sor tille amend, 
Withowt com p lent he suffert the nayies and the spere, 
But gretist payn that he had was for his moder dere. 
He sufTerd patiently, 



To be betrayed iinkmdly, 

To be accusid falsly» 

To be intreytid cruelly, 

To be scornyiid most dedenynglye, 

To be juged wrangfully, 

To be danipnyt to deth dolfully, 

With otlicr paynes sere ! 
To be crucified pitcosly, 
To be %vooridid universally, 

With scourges, nayles, aod spere* 
ffor thes causes he %vald be boru of a maid most obedient, 

Now the gret rawnsom is paied which was requirid, 
ffor redcmptioun of man of the fader omnipotent. 

The tyme of desolation is now cxpirid, 

The tyme of grace is commen so longeof usdesirid, 
Hevyn ^eates so longe closid for gret syn, 
Our Saveyour gafe yow the keyes to open and to lat in. 
He knew welle for his deth we shuld be afrayed, 

And therfor ose je remembere he told us afore, 
His Godhed saw welle that we shuld be dismaid, 

Of his restirrectioun he comfortid us iherfore, 

He saide he shuld arise and live everemore, 
This is the thride daye, therfor dowt nothinge. 
But shortly we shalle here of Ids gloriose uprisioge. 
Brother, I wold tarr}'e with yow longe here, 

But nedes I must go to the virgyn mylde, 
Most sorowfulle is hir hart, most hevy is liir chere, 

A He Joye and comfurthe from hir is exilde ! 

Alle hir rememberance is of hir dere childe I 
My master assignyt me to gyve hir attendance, 
And that is my dew^tye with alle humhlye observaunce. 
Hir sorow increacyse aye, 
As w^clle oyght os daye, 
In most piteose araye, 

ffor I dar say suerlye. 
Sen hir son was betrayed, 
And in his grave layde. 
The maid base me dismaide, 

ffor sorow inwerdlye f 
That sho nowther tuk rist ne slepe. 
Ne from hevynese hirself cowlh kepe^ 
But evermore stille dose she wepe ; 

That I am verrey sure, 
Hartes harder then stone. 
Wold be molly fyed anone. 
And melte to see hire inone. 

That sho dose endure : 



To hire hir mourn so moderlye^ 
To se hir wep so tenderlye, 

AUe myn hert it fayles : 
Now she spekes of the scornes. 
Now she remembers the thornes, 

And the grete sturdy nayles ! 
Now she spekes of his pacience. 
Now she myndes his obedience, 

Tnat unto deth was ; 
Now of his visage spekes shee, 
Defilid with deformjle^ 

Of fowUe spittinge, alasse ! 
Now of his woundes dos she speke. 
And of the spere which did breke 

Hir sonnes blessid sid ; 
Thus is she alle comfurthlesse, 
Replet with alle dulfulnesse^ 

TherfoT I may not bide : 
As for this tyme I wille departe. 
Brother Peter, beof gud harte, 

ffor other cause have ye none ! 
Now farwelle for a starte, 

I shall e 50 w mete anone* 
Peter, Praye fore me, brother, for Godes sake. 
Johannes Evaungelista. Brothere, to yow no discomfuitb take. 

But truste ever faithfullye, 
We shalle have comforth ?oure sorowe to slake, 

And that I trust shortlye. 

Tunc exit Johannes ei didi Petrus, 

Brothere Andrewe, God reward |0ue ever speciallye, 

ffor John and ye, with youre swete wordes of con- 


Hase easid my mynd with comforte stedfastlye ; 

I am in trewe faith and liope Tidthout desperatioun, 
In my saule now havynge spiritualle jubilatioun, 

Trustinge on the mercy of my master and lord, 

Of whose infinite gudnese I snail ever record ; 

Let the dew of mercy falle opon us ! 

Ostende faciem tuam et salvi erimus ! 

Schewe thy powere, gud Lord, and to us appere, 

Let beames of thi grace approche to us nere, * 

Super nos writcMt synners ! 

Inirat Maria Magdalena, 
I, writchit creature, what shalle I doo] 


I, a wofulle woman, whidere salle I goo ] 

My Lorde whet slialle I find ? 
When shalle I se that desirid face. 
Which was so fulle of heuty and grace* 

To me the most unkind ? 

1 have sought and basely inquerid 

Hym whom my harte alleway has desired. 

And so desirics stille ! 
Quern diligit anima mea quEesivi, 
Quesivi ilium et non inveni, 

W]ien shalle I have my wille I 
I have sought hym desirusly, 
I have sought hym affectuosly, 

With besines of my mynd ; 
I have sought hym with mynd hartely, 
The tresure wherin my hart dose lye, 

deth, thou arte imkind! 
On me use thou and exercise 
The auctorite of Ihyn office, 

My bales thou may unbind ! 
What offence, Deth, have I don to the, 
Wliich art so over unkind to mee 1 

Nay, nay, Deth, be not soo ! 
fTilia; Jerusalem, wherof ye goo ? 
Nunciate dilecto meo. 

Quia amore langueo ! 
Of Jerusalem the virgyns clere, 
Schew my best love that I was here. 

Telle hym, os he may prove, 
That I am dedly seke. 

And alle is for his love ! 

Mesus inirai in specie ortulani diceiis^ 

Mulier, ploras, quern queris 1 

Wooman, why wepis thou ? whom sekes thou thus 1 

Telle me whomc thou wald have. 
Mawdlene. I sck ray master and swete Lorde Jhesus, 

Which hir was layd m grave. 
Jhesus, Woman, thou mournest to piteoslye, 
And compleynist the most hevilye, — 

Tliy mynd is not countent ! 
Thyn hart is trowbbt welle, I see, 
AJle fulle doloruse, os thinkes mee, 

Thou has not thyn intente ! 
Maudleyn. Myn intent iTtiat knawes hee, 
On whom my hart is set and ay shal bee, 




Gardener, I yowe praye, 
Schew untx) mee, if ye can^ 
Yf that ye did see here ony man 

Tak his body awaye. 

Jhema dicit ** Maria /" Mawdlei/ne atiswers ** Raioni /" 

Jhems* Noli me tangere! 
Mary, towche me not now. 
But into Galilee go thowe, 

And to my brether saye. 
And to Peter which sorowfulle is, 
That I am rescue from dethe to Uf ay in blisse, 

Renynge perpetuallye ! 
Exhort tham to be of giid chere 
And hastely wylle I to tham apere. 

To comfurth joefiillye, [Emt Jkesus. 
Mawdleyn* myn harte, wher hast thou bee ! 
Com home agayn and leve with mee. 

My gret sorow is past ! 
Now may thou entone a mory songe, 
fFor he whom thou desirid so longe 

I have foun now at laste ! 
I thanke your grace w ith hert intere, 
That of youre gudnese to me wald apere. 

And make my hert thus light- 

Secund Marye inirat cum iertia, 

Soror, nuncia nobis : 

Gud Mawdleyne, sister, how standes with yow ? 

Mamdleyn* Dere sisters, never so welle os nowe, 

fibr I ha%^e hade a sight 
Of my lorde and master to my comfurth specialle, 
To his godhed I render thankes imniortalle, 

Os I am bound of dew tee ! 
TTirid Marye, It apperis, suster, by your countenaunce. 
That the gret sorow is owt of remembraunce ; 
And so by your sawe gret cause have yee. 
Mawdleyn, 1 have gret cause, sisters, I knaw it welle, 
ffor of my joye he is the springe and welle. 

And of my lyfe sustenaunce. 
Secunde Marye, flave ye seyn our Lord, sister, are ye sure 1 
Mawdlene, Sister, I have scyne my gretist tresure. 

My hartly joye and plesauuce. 
Thride Mary, A ! sister, gret comfert may your fiart inflame, 
Mawdlene. Je, gude sister, he calbt me Mary by my name. 

And spak with me horolye. 

I saw hyra bodely, in flesh and bloode, 

Oare Redemcre, which for us hang on the roode, 

He shewed hyme gratioslye. 
And bade me go to his disciples sone, 
Thanne to certify e of hts resurrecdoune, 

And so wiUe I shorteiy doo. 
Secunde Marie, A ! A ! Mawdleyne, right happee ye werCj 
Ye spente not in vayn so many bitter lere, 

Gret grace is lent yow loo. 

Tunc venit Jkesus et sahitat mtdieres istas ires, Tamea 
mulieres nil dicuni ei, sedprocidunt ad pedes ejus* 

Avete! hayle, bles>5it women leve, 

My blcssinge here I youe geve, 

Let sorow no more yoiire harte mevej 

But liave comfort allwaye* 
I am resene fro deth, so may he telle, 
I have dcliverit my presoners frome hclle. 

And made tham sure for aye ! 
3Iawdleyne, Now, gud sisters, be no more sadJ, 
Ye have cause os welle os I to be gladd ! 

Oure Lorde, loo, of his gudnese, 
Of his heghe and godly excellence, 
Haves shewede us here his joyefulle presence, 

With wordes of swetnesel 
My wordes wer not fantasticalle, sister, yce see ! 
I told youe no lesinge, sisters, report mee 

Ye have seyn with your eye. 
Tlirid Mary, Oure spirites bene revivid, our hartes beyn light ! 
Mawdleyne, this was a gloriose sight 

Eschewed to us gracioslye! 
Secund Marye. Blessid be that Lorde 1 blessit be that kinge. 
That haves comfurth us thus with his uprisinge 

So sone and glorioslye ! 
Mawdlen, Susters, in joye of this joyfullenese, 
A songe of comforte lete us expresse, 

With notes of armonye. 

Tunc !ue tre^ cantani id est Victime Paschalu totum usque 
ad in canfifracto vel saltern in pallinodio* 

Tunc oecurreni eis aposfoli, scilicet, Pefrus, Andreas, et 
Johannes, canlanfes hoc, ^* Die nobis Maria quod vidtsti in 
visit," Respondent mulieres cantantes, ** Scpulcnnn Ckristi 
vincfum *' etc. usque ad " credendem" ApostoU respondentes 
cantani ** Credendum est magis soli Maries veraci, quod vides 



itirhe fallaci" Mulieres iterum cantant " Scimtu Chrisi _ 
surrezvise vere" Apostoli et mulieres cajiiant quasi concre^' 
denies, " Tu nobis, Christe rex^ fnisere. Amen ! " Post can- 
turn dicit Petrus (sitfficit si cantciitur eisqxie notts et caniantur 
ui habetur in sequenlia predictaj, 

Petrus dicit post cantum. 

How is it now, Marye, can ye telle 
Any newes which may lik us welle ? 

Blithe is youre cnuntenaunce ! 
Mawdleyn. Peter, in youre mynde be fast and stabille, 
I can shew youe tydinges most comfortabille 

Trust it of assurance 
Petere, G ude Mary, of hyin I wold knawlege have. 
Mawdleyne. Peter, oure master is resyn from his grave 

He apperit unto us three 
In fleshe and bone in a gloriose wise ; 
He base restorid Adam and his into paradise. 

Which were in helle capti%^itee* 
Peter. God graunte youre wordes war not in vayne ! 
Mawdlene. Peter, that I saye is trew and certayne. 

And therfor dowt no more- 
Secun Marye, Brother we saughe our Lord face to face ; 
He apperit to us in this same place^ 

And bad as mowrne not so sore, 
Tkride Mare, He bade us testify and telle 
That he was resyne in flesh and felle, 

And dy he shalle no more. 
Petrus, A ! Mary» gret grEice to youe is lent. 
To whom our Lord was so content 

Befor other tille apere, 
Mawdlen. He said ye alle shuld see hym in Galilee ; 
And, Peter, youreselfe expreslye namyd hee, 

Therfore be of gud chere. 
Andrewe, Yit to his sepulcre lat us go and see. 
To satisfye our myndes from alle purplexitee. 

Peter, So cownselle I we doo. 

Time ibit precurrens Johannes dicit, 

Brothere Peter, com hither and behold ! 
It is no fabille that Marye us base told, 

This t hinge iscerten, loo! 
How say ye 1 brother, be ye satisfied ? 
Petrus. Brothere John, 1 am fully certifyed 

To gife credens her too. 
Now shalle the suth be verefied } 



Of hym that inost oiay doo, 
myclie ar we bound gad Lord to your highiies ! 

ffbr us wer ye born and also circumcised, 
ffor us were ye terapid in the wilderness ; 

Now crucyfied to deth most sharafully dispised, 
Yit alle this gude Lorde had us not sufficyed. 
But ye had resene fro deth by your godhed gloriuse. 
Your resurrectioun was most necessarye for us^ 
Youre meknese suffert deth for oiir sal vatioun. 
And now are ye resen for ourejustificatioun; 

Youre name ever blessit bee ! 
Andrewe. This resurrectioun to alle the warld is consolatioun^ 
ffor of oure fay th it is trew consolatioua, 

Approved by his divinitee. 
Johannes Evaungelista* Brether, joy and comfurth^ and inward 

And gostly gladnese in us alle encreeise may ; 
We have passid the (yrae of dole and desolatioun. 

And also I am sure, and right wille dare I saye 

The joyful !e trcstire of our hart we salle se this daye; 
Honour, joy, and glory, be to hym without end, 
Which after sich sorow comfurte can send! 
To laiide and prays e hym lat us be abowt, 
To love hym and lofe hym and lawly hym lowt, 

With mynd and mowth devowtlye; 
Ther, brothere, with joyfuUe harte, 
And devowt sisters, in your parte, 

Entone sum ermonye. 

Thine cantent omnes, scilicet, " Scimus Chnstum."' Vel 
aliam segueniiam ant ympnum de Resurrectione* Poit cantum 
dicit Johannes Jinem/acienSt 

Loo, downe fro hevyne everraor grace dos springe, 

The gudnese of God is incomperabille yee see; 
Her was sorow and mournynge, lamentaciou and wepinge, 

Now is joy and gladnese, and of comfurth plentee; 
Joy fill ly depart wee now owt of this place, 
Mekly abidinge the inspiratioun of grace, 

Whiche we belefe 
Schalle com to us this nyght. 
Now farwelle every wighte^ 
We commend yow alle to his myght 

Which for us suffert grefe ! 


VOL. 11. JL 





From the Cotton MS. Nero. D. xi. fol 95, (Wjfntown*i Chronicle) of tbe 
fiJXeentli century. 

Offapape thai was than, 

Johan be naynw^ and was woman, 

Qwhen this pape Leo was dede, 
A woman occupy de that stede, 
Twa jliere ful as pape and mare ; 
Scho was to wanton of hire fa}'!. 
Scho was Inglis of nacioim, 
Richt willy of condicioun ; 
A bulges douchtyr and his ayre ; 
Prewe, pleyssandej and richt fayr. 
Thai callit hir fadjT Hob of Lyme ; 
Fra fader and moder and al hir kyn 
Withe hir luf scho past of lande, 
A woman songe tyl eylde growande, 
And at Athcnys in to study 
Scho bade, and lerit ithandly. 
And nanc persawit hir womaniie, 
Bot al tyme kythit hir as a raanne. 
And callit hir self Johan Magwktyne, 
Jha wit jhe wul a schrewe fyne* 
Same agane fra Grece to Rome, 
As a solerapnc clerk scho coymme. 
And had of clergy sic renowne, 
That be concorde eleccioun 
Pape sche was chossyn there ; 
3it fcl it that hyre cubiculare 
By h}T lay, and gat a barne, 
Tfiat al hir clergy canythe not warnc. 
In til procession on a day 
As scho past in til the waye, 
Hir childe il al suddandly 
Trawalit hir sa angrely. 
That suddandly tliar was scho dede. 
And endit in that ilka stede, 
Witheouetyn prayer, orisoun, 
Or ony kyn dewocioun ; 
And but al other honeste, 
Solempne or in prewet^. 
Benedic pape next that wiff 
Was twa ^here pape in til his Eff. 





It. wafl a common custom in early times for owners of books to write in 
them metrical notes of iheir right to possess and keep them. The foliowiiig 
are a few of bucIi eerapa. I may mention tbat tiie earJiest printed book- 
plate that I know of, is inserted In the MS. Cloud. D* vii., being that of 
Sir Henry Saylle, the celebrated Antiquary and Historian. 

From MS. Ashm. 59, of the fifteenth centaty* 

Yee tbat desjTe in horte and have plesaunce 

Olde stories in l>okis for to rede, 

Gotle matiers putt hern iti remembraunce^ 

And of the other take yee none hede ; 

Byseching yowe of your godely hede, 

"Whane yee this boke have over-redde and seyne, 

To Johan Shirley restore yee it ageine. 

From MS. Harl. 1251, written by the Countess of Worcester, ahont the year 


And I yt los, and yow yt fj^nd, 
I pray yow hartcly to be so kynd, 
That jow wel take a letel pajTie, 
To se my boke brothe home agayne, 
Thys boke is one, 

And God s kors ys anoder j 
They that take the ton, 
God gefe them the toder. 

From MS. Bib, Reg. 18, A, xv\}», of the fifteenth century- 
He that stelys this hooke 
Shul be hanged on a hooke. 
He that this booke stelle wolde, 
Sone be his herte colde. 
That it mow so be, 
Seith Amen for cherit^. 

Qui scripsit carmen, 
Pookefait est sibi nomen. 
Miller jungatiiT, 
Qui scripsit sic nominatur. 

From MS, IlurL 45, of the fifteenth century* 

If ony persone stele this boke, 
He shal be hongyd by a hoke, 
Or by the necke with a rope. 


From MS. Addit. 10636, temp. Hen. yii. 

This is the boke of William Tucke, 
Christ graunte to hym yn erth good lucke ; 
And or he dye to send hym grace. 
In Hevyn so hye to purchase a place. 

From MS. li. ri. 4, in the Public Library of Cambridge, a breriarj of tlia 
fifteenth century. 

Where from ever thys boke be com, 

Yt ys Wyllyara Barbors off Newe Bokenham. 

Who-so-ever thys booke fynde, 

I pray hym have thys in hys mynde ; 

For Hys love that (fjred on tre. 

Save thys booke and bryng yt to me ! — 

Wylliam Barbor oflFnewe Bokenham. 

From MS. Harl. 81 18, of the time of Henry VIII. 

Thomas Beech is my name, 

And with my pen I write the same ; 

Yf my pen had been better, 

I would have mended it everey lettere. 

From a printed bool^ formerly in the possession of John Flamstead, the 
celebrated Astronomer. 

John Flamsteed his book, 
In it he doth often look. 

From a copy of Recorde's '' Grounde of Artes," in the possession of 
Mr. Maynard. 

Hie liber mihi pertinet, 

Denie it who can ? 
Ad Jacobum Parsons, 

A verie honeste man. 
In Gravesendia 

He is to be founde. 
Si non moveatur, 

And laid in the grounde. 





Prom MS» Slonne, No. 2593, fo. 54, ?■. written about llie reign of Henry VI, 

God be wyth trewthe qwer he be^ I wolde he were in this cuntre. 

A man that xald of trewthe telle, 
Wyth grete lordys he may not dwelle^ 
In trewe story as klerkes telle, 

Trewthe is put in low degre. 

In laydyis chaumberes comethe he not, 
Tlier dar trewthe settyn non fot ; 
Thow he wolde, he may not 

Comyn among the heye mene. 

With men of lawe be ha^t non spas ; 
They lovyn trewthe in non plas ; 
Me think it they ban a rewly grace 

That trewthe is put at swyche degree. 
In boly chcrche he may not sy the. 
Fro man to man they xuln hym flythe. 
It rewit me sore in myn wj^tte, 

Of trewthe I have gret pete. 

Relygiua that xulde be good, 

If trewthe cum Iher, I holde hym wood j 

Tliey xuldyn hym rynde cote and hood, 

And make hym bare for to flye, 

A man that xulde of trewthe aspye. 
Ho must sekyn esylye 
In the bosum of Marye, 

For there he is for sothe. 

fol. 64, r«- 
Man, be war, be war, be war^ and kep the that thou have no car, 

Tbi tunge is mad of fleych and blodj 
Evele to spekyn it is not good, 
But Cryst that deyid upon the rood 

So ^yf us grace our tunges to spare, 

Thi lyppis arn withoute bon; 
Spek non evyl of thi fon ; 
Man, I rede^ be Seynt Jon, 

Of evyl speche that thou be war* 

Quan thou seyst thi evyl sejing, 

Be it of eld, be it of ?yng. 

Among many men thi speche may spring. 

And make thin herte of blysse ful bare. 


Therfore I telle the, be seynt Austyn, 
Ther xal non man of evele speche may wyn 
But sorwe and schame and meche syn, 
And to his herte ineche care* 

Prey we to God and seynt Margerete ! 
That we inowun our tunges kepe, 
Q we ther we wake or slepe, 

And oar body fro evele fare, 

Man, be war er thou be wo, think on pride and let hym goo. 

Pryde is out and pride is ine, 
And pride is rot of every synne. 
And pride will never blynne, 

Til he hajt browt a man in woo, 

Lucyfer was aungyl brv^jt. 
And conquerour of meclhe my^t, 
Throw his pride he les his ly^t. 

And fit doun into endeles woo. 

Wenyst thou for Ihi gaye clothing, 
And for Ihin grete olhis sweryng, 
To be a lord or a kyiig ? 

Lytil it xal avayle the too, 

Quan thou xalt to cherche glyde, 
Wermys xuln ete throw thi syde. 
And lytil xal avayle thi pride. 

Or ony synnys that thou hast doo. 

Prey to Cryst with blody syde. 
And othere woundes ^rile and wyde. 
That he for-^eve the thi pryde, 

And thi synnys that thou hast doo. 

foi. 7e, v». 

I may seyn, and so mown mo, that in semenaunt goth gyle. 

Semenaunt is a wonder thing, 
It begylyt hothe knyjt and kyng. 
And makit roaydenys of love longyng ; 
I warne jou of that gyle, 

Semenaunt is a sly pej^itour, 
It florchyt and fadit in many a flour. 
And makit wommcn to lesyn here bryle colour^ 
Upon a lytil qwyle. 



In sera en aunt be thing es thre, 
Thowt, speche, and prevyte, 
And trewtlie xuld the forte be, 

It is hens a .m^ myle, 

Trewthe is fer and semit hynde. 
Good and wykkyt it liajt in mynde. 
It faryt as a candele ende. 

That brennit fro half a myle. 

Many man fay re to me he spekyt, 
And he wyste hym wel bc-wreke, 
He hadde we levere myn hed to-breke, 

Than help me over a style* 

God that deyid upon the cros, 
Ferst he deyid and sythin he ros, 
Have mercy and pete on us, 

We levyn here hut a qwyle. 

fol. 77, r-. 

Kep thi tunge, thi tungc, thi tunge, thi wykyd tunge werkit 
me woo. 

Ther is non gres that growit on ground, 
Satenas ne peny round, 
Wersse then is a wykkyd tunge. 

That spekit bethe evyl of frynd and fo. 
Wykkyd tunge makit ofte stryf 
Betwyxe a good man and his wyf, 
Quan he xulde lede a merie lyf, 

Here qwyte sydys waxin ful hlo< 
Wykkyd tunge makit ofte stauns, 
Bothe in Engelond and in Frauns ; 
Many a man wyt spere and launs, 

Throw wykkyd tunge to ded is do, 

Wykkyd tunge brekit bon, 

Thow the self have non, 

Of his frynd ho makit his fon> 

In every place qwerthat he go. 

Good men, that stondyn and syttyn in this halle, 
I prey jou bothe on and alle. 
That wykkyd tunges fro 300 falle, 

That ze mowun to hefne go. 





From MS. Reg. 16, £. viii. fol. 103, t*. written early in the tbirteenth 
century, as proee in the MS. 


Or hi parra. 

La cerveyse nos chauntera, 

Alleluia ! 

Qui que aukes en beyt, 
Si tel seyt com estre doit, 

rei miranda / 

Bevez quant Tavez en poin, 
Ben est droit, car mut est loing 

sol de Stella ; 

Bevez bien ^ bevez bel, 
II vos vendra del tonel, 

semper clara. 

Bevez bel ^ bevez bien, 
Vos le vostre ^ jo le mien, 


De 90 soit bien porveu, 

Qui que auques le tient al fu, 

fit corrupta. 

Riches genz funt lur brut ; 
Fesom nus nostre deduit, 

valla nostra ! 

Beneyt soit li bon veisin, 
Qui nus dune payn ^ vin, 

came sumpta ! 

E la dame de la maison, 
Ki nus fait chere real, 
Ja ne pusse elle par mal 

esse ceca ! 

Mut nus done volenters, 
Bons beiveres "3 bon mangers, 
Meuz waut que autres muJiers, 

hec predicta. 

Ore bewom al derevn. 
Par mcitez -3 par pfeyn. 
Que nus ne seam demayn 

gens misera ! 


Ne nostre tonel nus ne fut, 
Kar plein est de bon I'rut, 
E si crt tu a nuit 


puejyera. Amen. 



From MS. Cotton, Tiberius B. \% fol. SO, t«. written upparentlj about the 

A^omina archirplsc<^>orum Dorohernensh epcclenae^ Aug us- 
Tinus, Laurentius, MelHlus, Justus, Hooorivis, Deus<ledit, 
Theodorus, BerlUwaldus, TaUviiius, Nothelmus, Cutliburhtus, 
Bregowine, lanbriht, ^Sellieardus^ Uulfredus, Feologeldus, 
Ceolno^U5^, ^|jelreduS| Clegmundus, A|mlm, Wulfheliti, Oda 
se goda, Dunstan, jE^elgar, Sygeric* 

Nomina episcopornm Hrofhensis aecclesie. Paulinus, Itha- 
mar, Putta, Quichclm, Gebmund, Tobias^ Ealdulf, Dunn, 
Eardwulf, Deora, Waermund, Beommod, Borhric, ^Ifetan. 

Nomina epucopoTum Orie7\talium Sasonum, Mellitus, Cedd, 
Ercenwald, Waldhere, Inguuald, Ecguulf, Wighch, Eadbriht, 
Eadgar, Cenwalh, Eadbald, HatSobrifit, Osinuitd, -^?ielnoiS, 
Ceolbriht, Deodred, Brihtheho, ^irstan. 

Nomina episcopornm Australi^tm, Saxonum, Wilfri 5, Ead- 
brihi, Eolla, Sigga^ Alubrifit, Bosa, Gislhere, Iota, Piothun, 
ASelwulf, Cynredj GuSheard, jElfred, EadUelm, ^Selgar, 

Namina episcopornm Occidenialium Saxonum, Primus Oc- 
ridenlalium Saxonum Biriims fuit episcopus, qui cuin consilio 
Hoiiorii pape venerat Brittanniani. ^gilberht, Wine, Leu- 
therius, Ha?dde. Deinde in duas parrocliias divisa est, altera 
Uuentane secclesia?, altera Scircbureensis aecclcsiae. Daniel, 
Hunfri^, Cyneheard. ^iSelheard, Ecgbald, Dudd, Ciuebriht, 
Ealhmimd, WigSegin, HerferS, Eadbuin, Helmstan, Suui^- 
HON, EalbferS, Denewulf, FriSeslan, Eyrnstan, ^Elfheah, 
jElfsige, Abel wold, ^Ifheah, 

Uuentania ecclesia in duas parrochias divisa est tempore 
Fri'Sestaii, unam tenuit FriSestan, et alteram -fidelstan> postea 
Oda, Deinde in .iii*®, parrochias divisa est, Wiltunensis, et 
Willensis, et Cridiensis aecclesiae. 

Nomina episcoporum Scireburnensis c^cclesim. Eldhelm, 
Fordhere, Herewald, ^ESelmod, CenefriS, Sigbriht, Ealhstan, 

VOL, lU - Y 



Healimund, ^'E^elheah, Wiilfsige, A<*«ier, ^Selweard, Waers- 
tan, ^'ESelbald, Sigelm, j^lfred, Wulfeige, AllVold, iE)>elsige* 

Nomina episcoporum UniUunensis^ ^Selstan, Oda .iit. 
^Irici, Osolfi JElfstan, Wulfgar, Sigencus dei amicus. 

Nomina Uuillensis ^cclesuE. AlSelnii Wulflielmj vElfheali 
,ii,, Wulfhelmi Brihthelm, Kynewerd, Sigegar. 

Nomina episcoporum Cridiensis mcchsitE, Eadulf, ^Sel- 
gar, ^Ifwold, Sideman, ^Ifric, Alfwold. 

Nomina episcopomm Uuicdorum mcclesie&f Sexwulf, Boscl, 
Eslfor, Ecwine, Wilfrid, Hildred, Wa?rmund, Gilhere, Hea- 

Nomina ppiscopoj^m provinde Merciarum. Primus in pro* 

vincia Merciorum et Liiidisfarorum ac Mediterraneorum An- 
glonim opisicopuis, Diuma, Cellaham, Trumhere de nadone 
Anglorum, Bearomon, Tedda, GinfrilS, Seaxwulf. Postea vero 
in -V. parrochias dividitur post Sexwulfum pro vincia Merciorum, 
duos epi^copiis habuit Hoaddan et Uulfridum, postea Wilfrid 
eleclus et Headda pra:fatus regebant ambas parrochias, deinde 
Ealdwine qui et Uuor nominabatur, Iterum divisa est in duas 
parrochias. Torhthelm, Eadberht, Enpona, Terenbyrht, Te25- 
Jium, Ealdred, Ceoldred, Hwjta, Cemele, Cu^friS, Berthun^ 
Sigeberht, Aldulwulf, Herewiiie, ASelwald, Hujnberht, Kjrne- 

Nomina <?pf*coporMm.t«^*^^Putta,Torhelm;Torhthere, Ealhstod, 
CuSberht, I)odda, Acca, Ceadda, Aldberht, Esne, Ceobnund, 
Ulel^Uulflieard, Pconna, Eadwulf. 

Nomina episcoporum Lindisfarorum. Eadheah, ^^elwine, 
Eadgar, Cynebyrht, Alowig, Ealdwulf, Ceohvulf^ Eadwulf, 
Byrhstrcd, Leofwinei ^IfnoS, ^fecwig. 

Nomina epiamporiim Orientalium Saxonum, Felix, Thomas, 
Beorhtgih, Bisi, Postea in ii**, parrochias dividitur. [. Jead- 
wine, RoSherht, Ha^rlac, ^'ElSelfriS, Eanfri^, A|^ehvulf, 
Alhbeard, 8ibba, HunferS, Hunherht, Mcc^, M^cwwK, Ead- 
red, Gu^wine, Alberlit, Ecglaf, Heardred, ^Ifhun, WidfriS, 
Wfiormund, Wilred, AJSulf, yElfric, "^Seodred, 

Nomina episcoporum genfus Norman- 1 Jrjmhronim* Primus 
Paduius, a J usto archiepiscopo ordinatus. ASan, Lines, Col- 
niann, Luda. Postea in duas parrochias dividitur. Ceadda 
Eboracensi cecclesife ordinatum Wilfrid Hagstaldensie ordina- 
tus depositoque WiltriSo a regc EcfriSo Eata pro eo ordinem 
episcopus Hagstaldensie, pro Ceaddan Bosa Eboracensi, De- 
functo latan Johannes pro eo, post longum veroexilitim WilfritS 
iterum in episcopatu rcceptus est et idem Jahannae ^'^'^J defuncto 
Eboraci substitutus. 



Nomina episcoporum Eboracensi <***^) aecdesiae, WilfriS, 
Ecberht, Coena, Eaiibald, Wulfsige, Wimurid. 

Nomina episcoporum Haustaldemi^ mcclesim* Acca, FriSe- 
berlit, Alhmtind, Gilberht, ^ISelberht, Heardred, Eanberht. 

Nomina episcoporum Lindisfarortim. Aidan, Finan, Col- 
man, Eata, Cu'Sberht, Eanberht, EadfrrS, Kynewulf, Sigebald, 

Nominn episcoporum aecclesiae qim dicitur Casa Candiona* 
Pen Til ELM, Fro^owald, Hehtwine, ^Selberhl, Eadwulf. 

cccc» xc, iiii* Cerdic .xiiL, Cyneric .xxiii., Ceawlic ,xvii., 
Ceol .v.^Ceolwulf .xiiii., Cynegils, primus cliristiauus^ .xxxxi., 
Cenwalh .xxxi., Sexburb .i. annum, ^scwine ,iL, Ceiitvvine 
*ix.j Ceadwalla aiL, Ine .xxxvii., ^^Ebelheard -xiiii*, CuSred 
.xvL, Sigebryht .i., Cynewulf .xxxii., Byrhtric .xvi., Ecgbyrbt 
.xxxvii -j .vii. moaS., ^j>ehvulf.xix. healf gear, A|;elbald .v., 
-^]>elbyrht .v,, ^Sered .v., ^Ured xxix. ^ .vii. monS, Ead- 
wcard ,xxv., jEf^elstan .xiiii. ^ .vii. wucan, Eadmimd .vii. 
healf gear, Eadred .x. healf gear, Eadwig .iiii, butan *vii. ucan, 
Eadgar .xvi., Eadweard .iii.* -^)?elred. 

Haec mtnigenealogie per paries Brittannie regum regnan- 
tium per diversa loca Nor^hymbrornm, 

Ead^ine ^llinc, ^lle Yffinc, Yffe Ij uscfreaing, Uuscfrea 
Uuilgilsing, Uuilgilsing Utieosterwalding, Uuestorualcna Se- 
onilitig, Seomel Saefulfing, Sa?fugul Sa?baMing, Siebald Sig- 
geoting, Siggeot Suxbdasging, Sweebda^g Siggaring* Siggar 
Uoapgdaeging, Uusegdaeg Uuoddenning, Uuodeii Frcalafing. 

Ecgfri-S Osweoing, Oswio ^)?elfriJiing, jEJielfri^J jE)>el- 
riciiig, ^Jjclric Iding, Oda Enpping^ Eoppa Eosing, Eosa 
jE}>eiberhiing, ^^}>elberht Afigelgnoting. An^elgeot Alusing, 
Alusa Ingebranding, Ingebrand Wajgbrandmg, Wsegbrand 
Beornicing, Beornic Bipldjrging, Becldaeg Wodning, Woden 
Freakfing. * 

Ceolwulf Cu-^ winning, Cu Swine Leodwalding, Leodwald 
Ecgwalding, Ecgwald Eadelming, Eadelni Ocgting, Ocg 
Iding, Eadberbt Eating, Eala Leodwalding, 

Item Nor&an If^mhrarum, Alhrcd Eanwining, Eanwine 
Byrnlioming* Byrnhotn Bofing, Bofa Blsechomning, Blaecraon 
Eadricing, Eadric Iding, ^ 

Ida regnaDit decern annos, Clapba ,i., Odda Aiii*, -^]>elr5c 
•vii., beodred .vii., Osred .xi., Tconred Ji., Osric .xi., Seol- 
wulf ,xi., Eadberht .xxi,, Oswnlf ,i., A|>ehva!d .vi.» Alhred 
.viii,, ^'Selred .iii., Alfwold .x., Osred .i., Item, -^jielred ,vii^ 



Penda regnavit annos .xrL Peada a*, Wulfbere .xvii., 
-^|?elred -xxviiii., Cenred .v., Ceolred .vii., A|?elbald .xli* 

Ilem^ Offa .xxxix., FreoJSwald .vii., Fussa .vii., j^)?elfri1S 
.xxviii,, Eadwine .xvii-i ct sextus chrislianus, Oswald .viii,, 
Osweo .xxviii., Ecgfri'5 ,xv., Aldfri'S .xx,, EcgfiiJi .cli. dies, 
Cenwulf, Ceohvulf, Beorawulf. 

Jlem Merciorum^ A)?elbald Ale wing, Alewig Eoping, Eopa 
Pybbing. jE|»elred Pending, Penda Pybbing, Pybba Cre- 
oding, Crcoda Cynewalding, Cynewald Cnebblng, Cnebba 
Icling. Icel Eoniering, Eomer Angelgeoting, Angelgeot Offiiigj 
Offa WBcrmunding, WEcrmund Wibtlffiging, Wihtlocg Weo* 
'^ogcoting, WeoSogeot Wodi^g, Woden Frealafing. EcgfriS 
Offing, Offa JjingferSing, ]>ingfer?5 Eaiiwulfing, Eanwulf 
Osmodingi Osmod Eowing, Eovv^a Wybbing. Cenwulf 
CuSbrihting, Cubbrilit Baffing, BaQ'a Ceonrowing, C^iireow 
Centwining, Cent wine Cu^ waling, Cu^walh Cen waling, Cen- 
walh Pybbing* 

Item, AldfriS Eating, Eata EanferlSing, EanferS Bisceop- 
ing, Bisceop Beding, Beda Bubbing, Bubba Caedbaeding, 
Ceedbopd Cwa^dgilsing, Cwaedgils Cretting, Cretta Winding, 
Winta Wodning, Woden Frealafiiig, Frealaf Freo^owiilfing, 
FreoSowulf Finning, Finn Godwiilfing, Godwulf Eating. 

^Belbcrht WihLrccling, Wibtrod Ecgberhling, Ecgberht 
^rcooberhting, ^rconbyrbt Eadbalding, Eadbald ^Sel- 
bcrhting, yEJSclbcrht Eoriiiricing, Kormric Oesi ng, Oese Oc- 
ging, Ocga Hengesting, Hengest Witanging, Witta Wihtgils- 
ing, Wihtgils WaDgd^eging, Weegda^g Woding, Woden 

Kem, Alfwald Aldwolfing, ^Idwiilf ^^elricing, ^belric 
Ening, Eni Tytling, Tytla Wuffing, Wuffa Wehhing, Wehh 
Wilhclmii]^, Willielnn Hrypping, Hryp HroS man ding, Hra$- 
mund Trigling, Trygil Tytmaning, ICytman Casericg, Caser 
Wodiiingi Woden Frealafincg. 

Yne Cenrediog, Cenred Ceolwalding, Ceolwald CuSulfing, 
CuiSwulf Cu^ wining, CulSwinc Celing, Celin Cyiiricing, 
Cynric Creoding, Creoda Cerdicing, Cetdic Alucing, Aluca 
Gi wising. Giwis Branding, Brand Bfeldseging, Beeldseg Wod- 
ning, Woden Frealafing. 

liaec sunt ffenealogiae regum Occidcnialium Saxonum, 

Eadweard -y Eadmund 'j jESelred aeiSelingas syndon, 
Eadgares suna cyninges. Eadgar Eadmunding, Eadmund 
Eadwerdiug, Eadweard ^Ifreding, Alfred A)?olfing, A];ulf 
Ecgbyrhling, Ecgbribt EalbmuDding, Ealhmund Eauing^ Eaua 


Eopping, Eoppa Ingelduig, Ingeld wjes Ines broSor West- 
seaxna cyninges, *] he heold rice ,vii. ^ .xxx. wintra, ^ he 
ge-timbrade f beorhte mynster set GleestLnga-byrig, *} jEftcr 
]jam fyrde to see' Pet res, j |?Der his feorh asealde j on sibbe 
ge-rest, j hi begen broSra wferon Cenredcs suna, Cenred wms 
Ceolwalding, Ceolwald Cubing, Cuba Cu'5 wining, Cufiwine 
Ceawlining, Ceawlin Cynricing. Cynric Creodmg, Creoda 
Cynricing, ^^^^^ Cerdic Efesing, Elesa Esling, Esla Gewisling, 
Gewis Wiging, Wig Frea wining, Freawine FreoSegaring, 
FreoSegar Branding, Brand BaDld^eging, Ba;Idfleg Wodening, 
Woden Frealafing, Frealaf Finning, Finn Godulfing, Godulf 
Eating, Eat Beawing. Beaw Scealil waging, Scealwa Here- 
inoding, Heremod Ilermanning, Itennan HaSraing, HaSra 
Bedwigiog, Bcdwig Sceafing. Se Scef \va?s Noes sunu, 3 
he wees innan |?a>re earce ge-boren. Noe waes Lanieches sunu, 
Lameh Ma|>usalemys, MaSusalem wws Eiioches, Enoh» Lared, 
Malalehel, Caino, Enos, et Ada, primus homo, et pater omnium 
qui est Christus. 

Heingils,Wealhstod, Coengih, Beorhtwald, Cealdhun, Luca, 
Wiccea, Bosa, StiShoard, HerefyrS, Huiibeorht, Andhun, 
Gui51ac, CaSred, Ecgwulf, Dunstan, yElfric, Sigegar^ ^If- 


. ■^ W^V^^^^M\# ^ ^'^%,>MM > ^ M ' 


From MS. UarU 2990, fol. 64, y\ of the flfteeath centtiry. Very careleasly 


WorschefuUe brother, and ever thu mynde, 
Beylh noth dysplesyd that y wolle say ; 

To yow, my brodei; bothe gentyl and kynd, 
Y recommeode me bothe ny th and day ! 

YoviTe wellefare y pray God encresse, 

And kepe yow ever out of wo,^ — 
Thys schal y pray and never cesse ! 

Wow doth ye the same alsoo. 

je now duellyng yn your jolyte, 

Commend me to alle food frendys ; 
Y thanke God y am yn prosperyt^ 

Now, yn magyr of alle rnjn enmys. 
And yn specyal, above alle odyr, 

Yn consyl to yow y ther welle say, 
Jenyt R. and hyr good moder> 

But now ys allc the worlle y-tornyd away 


Al*4oe my doster y may welle say. 

Whatever men telle byhynd my backe, 

Brothefg hit ys no lasse, by ray fay ; 

Y pray yow therfore nothynge hyre lack. 

No more but a letter wold y se. 
Of gentylnys wryte of your honde, 

With alle the new tydynges of the contr6. 
But ever be y schal hym onderstonde. 



By Friar Michael of KUdare. from MS. Hart. No. 913, fol, 7, t^. written 
in Ireland, about the year 1308. See an account of the MS. in Mr. CrofloD 
Cfoker*8 Popular Songa of Ireland, f>p. 2B2— 2S7« 

Hail, seint Michel with the lange sper, 
Fair belh thi winges up ihi sc holder. 
Thou hast a rede kirtilanon to {.hi fote» 
Thou ert best angle that ever God makid. 

This vers is ful well i-wro^t, 

Hit is of wel furre y-bro3t. 

Hail, seint Cristofre with thi Jang stake^ 
Thou her ur loverd Jhesu Crist over the brod lake ; 
Mani grete kunger swinimeth abute thi fete, 
Hon nmiu hering to perii at West Chep in London, 

Thi"^ vers is of holi writte ; 

Hit com of noble witte. 

Seint Mari bastard, the Maudleinis sone, 

To be wel i-clothid wel was thi wone ; 

Thou berist a box on thi bond i-peiutid al of gold, 

Woned thou wer to be hend, jive us sum of ttii spicis. 

This vers is makid wel, 

Of cotisonania and wo wel. 

Hail, seint Domnik with thi lang staffe. 

Hit is at the ovir end crokid as a gaffe : 

Thou berist a bok on thi bak, ic wen hit is a bible; 

Thoj thou be a gode clerk, be thou no^t to heij- 

Trie rirne la God hit wote. 

Soch an otJiir an erthe L note. 

Hailj seint Franceis with thi mani foulisj 
Kites and crowis, revenes and oules, 
Fure and ,xx.^ wildges and a poucok ; 
Mani bold begger siwith ihi route, ikKTIQUJI* 

Tliis vers is ful wel i-sette, 
Swithe furre hit was i-vette. 

Hail be ^e, freris, with the while copis, 

3e habbiUi a hus at Drochda war men makith ropis; 

Evir je beth roilend the londi^a al a-boutOj 

Of the watir daissers je robbith the churchis. 

Maister he was s withe gode, 

That this senteate imderstode. 

Hall be ^e, gihnins, with ^ur blake gunps, 
Je le%ath the wildirnis and llllith the lunis, 
Menur with*oiite and prechur wlth-ione, 
Jar abite is of gadering, that is mochil schame. 

Sleihch is this vers i-seid, 

Hit wer harme adun i-leiid, 

HaO^ je holi monkes, with jur corrioj 
Late and rathe i-fillid of ale and wine, 
Depe cun ^e bouse, that is al ^ure care, 
With seint Benetis scurge lonie je disciplineth* 

Taketh hed a I to me, 

That this is sleche ^e mow wel se. 

Hail be je, nonnes of seint Mari house, 

Goddes bourmaidnes and his owen spouse, 

Ofte mistredith ^e |ur schone, ym fete beth ful tendre, 

Datheit the sotter that tawith jure lethirp 

Swith wel |e understode, 

That raakid this dilee so gode. 

Hall be ^e, prestis, with jur brode bokes, 
Thoj ^ur CTune be i-schave, fair beth ^ur crokes ; 
3ow and other lewidtnen deleth hot a houve, 
Whan je delith holi-brede, jive me botte a litiL 

Sickirlich he was a clerk. 

That ^vrothete this craftUich werk. 

Hail be je, marchans, with ^ur gret packes, 
Of draperie, avoir-de-peise, and ^ur wol sackes, 
Gold, silver, stones, riche markes, and ek pundes ; 
Lilil jive je therof to the wrech pover, 

Sleij he was and ful of witte. 

That this lore put in writte. 

Hail be je, tailurs, with jur scharpe schores, 
To make wronge hodes je kittith loine gores j 
Ajens midwinter bote beth ^ur neldes, 
Thoj jur semes semith fair, hi lestith litil while. 
The clerk that this hasten wrowjte, 
Wel he woke and slepc rijte nowjte. 




Hail be ^e, suiters, with ^our mani lestes, 
Witli :jour blote hides of selcuth bestis, 
And troblesand treisuses, bothevampe and alios; 
Blak and loLliUch beth ^ur teth, hori was tliat route. 

Nis this bastun wel i-pijte, 

Each word him sitte a-n^te. 

Hail be je, skinners, with 3ure drenchekive. 
Who so smillith ther to, wo is him alive ; 
Whan that hit thoniierith, je mote ther in schite; 
Dathcit jur curteisie, ^e stinketh al the $tretc. 

Worth hit wer that he wer king, 

That ditid this trie thing- 
Hail be je, potters, with jur bole-ax. 
Fair beth ^ur barmhatres, 50I0W beth |ur fax ; 
5e stondith at the stharail, brod ferlich bernes; 
Fleiis low folowithe, je swolowith y-now. 

The best dark of al this tun, 

CraflfuUich makid this bastun. 

Hail be ^e, bakers, with ^ur lovis smale, 
Of white bred and of blake, ful mani and fale ; 
Je piiichcth on the rijt white a^en Goddes law. 
To the fair pillori ich rede |e tak hede. 

This vers is i-wrowjte so welle, 

That no tang i-wis mai telle. 

Hail be ^e, brewesters, with ^ur g^aluns, 

Potels and quarters, over al the tonnes ; 

3ur thowmes berith moch awai, schamc hab the gyle; 

Beth i-war of the coking-stole, the lak is dep and hori. 

Sickerlich he was a clerk, 

That so sleilich wrojte this werk. 

Hail be ^e, hokester?;, dun hi the lake, 
With candles and golokes and the pottes blak, 
Tripis and kine fete and schepcn hevedes; 
With the hori tromcheri hori is 3ure inne. 

He is sori of his lif. 

That is fast to such a wi£ 

Fi a debles kaites that keniith the wol!e, 
Al the schindes of the croun(l) a heii opon jur senile, 
Je makid me sech a goshoriie over al the wowes, 
Ther* for ich makid on of ^ou sit opon a hechik 

Ho was noble clerk and gode, 

That this dep lore understode. 



Makith gkd, mi frendis, je sittith to long stille ; 
Spekith now, and gkdielh, and drinketh al ^mfille; 
Je habbeth i-hird of men lif that wonitli in lond; 
Drinkith dep, and makith glade, ne hab je non other cede. 

TIds song is y-seid of me, 

Ever i^blessid mote je be ! 



From the same manuscript m the preceding, fol. Z% r*. 

Lollai, .1., litil child, whi wepistou so sore ? 
Nedis inostou wepe, hit was i-|arkid the ^ore. 
Ever to lib in sorow, and sich and niourne evere. 
As thin eldren did er this, whil hi a-lLves were, 

Lollai, litil child, child, lolai, lullow. 

In to uncuth world i-cotnmen so ertow. 

Bestis and thos foules, the fisses in the flode. 
And euch schef a4ives, niakid of bone and blode, 
Whan hi comoiith to the world, hi doth ham silf sum gode, 
Al hot the wrech brol that is of Adamis blode, 
Lollai, .1., litil child, to kar ertou be-mette. 
Thou nost no|t this worldis wild bi-for the is i-sette. 

Child, if be-tidith that thou ssalt thrive and the, 

Thench thou wer i-fostrcd up tbi moder kne; 

Ever hab nnund in thi hert of thos tbinges tlire, 

Whan thou commist, whan thou art, and what ssal com of the. 

Lollai, .L, litil child, child, lollai, lollai, 

With sorow thou com into this w^orld, with sorow ssalt 
wend awai, 

Ne tristou to this world, hit is thi ful ro ; 

The rich he makith pover, the pore rich also ; 

Hit turnetb avo to wel, and ek wel to wo ; 

Ne trist no man to this world, winl hit turnith so. 

Lollai, Xf litil child, the fote is in the whole. 

Thou nost w hoder turne to wo other wele* 

Child, thou ert a pilgrim in wikidnis i-bor. 
Thou wandrest in this fals world, thou lok the bifor ; 
Delh ssal com with a blast ute of a wel dim hone, 
Adamis kin dun to cast, him silf hath i-do be-for, 
Lollai, J., litil child, so wo the worth Adam, 
In the lond of Paradis, thro^ wikidnes of Satan. 

VOL. H. 2 




Child, thou nert a pilgrim, bot an uncuthe gist, 
Thi dawes beth i-told, thi jurneis beth i-cast; 
Whoder thaa salt wend, north, other est, 
Deth the sal be-tide, with bitter bale in brest. 
Lolla, .1., litil ciiil, this wo Adam the w*ro|t. 
Whan he of the appil ete, and Eve hit hira betach 



From MS. Trln. CqU, Cambridge, O. 9« d8, writteu in the AfteeoUi ceatnry. 


Haec sunt Londonis, pira pomaque, regia, thronus, 

Chepp-stupha, coklana, dolum, leo, vetbaque vana, 
Lancea cum scutis, hcec sunt staura cuntutis, 

Capitulum, kekus, porcus, fimus, Eboracu?, 
Stal, nel, lamprones, kelc et melc, salt> salamones^ 
Ratus, cum petys, hmc sunt staura cuntetis. 


Hff?c sunt Lincolnae, bow, bolt, et bellia bolne. 
Ad monstrum scala, rosa bryghta, nobihs ala, 
Et bubulus flatus, hsec sunt staura cuntatis. 


Htec sunt Norwycus, panis ordeus, halpeny-pykys, 
Clausus posticus, domus HabrahiP, dyrt quoque vicus, 
F'lynt valles, rede tliek, cuntatis optima sunt hfec. 


Contreye mi rum, sopanedula, traclaque wyrum, 
Et carmen uotum, nova stipula, pedula totum, 
Cardones miile, haec sunt insignia villae, 


Hmc sunt Brystollys, bladelys, do^elys quoque bollys> 
B urges, negones, karintc, clocheriaque, chevones, 
Webbys cum rotis, hflBC sunt staura cuntotis, 

Haec sunt Cantorum ju^^a, dogmata, bal baculorum, 
Et pnnceps tumba^ bel, brachia, fulsaque plumba, 
Et syserem potus, hcec sunt staura cunlotis. 




From MS. Harl, 665, fol. 2&4, of the flAeenlh cenluTy* 

Here lyeth under this marbyll ston, 
Kiche Alane, the ballid man ; 
Whether he be safe or iioght, 
I reche never, for he ne roght ! 





From MS. Tottoti, Nero. A. II. foL 8, v*. written In a bold Baxon hand 
contemporary, or nearly fto, with I he event (A. D. J>^8). The song (or 
fkn^ment) appears to have been la^kcn dgwu trom recitation by an iguoraot 
icribe, and ii hopelessly corrupt. 

Carta dirige gressus 
per maris et navium 
tellurisque spatum 
ad reges palatum. 

Regem primuin salute 
reginem et clitanum 
clams quoque commitk 
miJitis armierosi. 

Quorum regem cum iE]7elstanum 
ista per fecta Saxonia 
vivit rex ^J^elstanum 
per fecta gloriosa. 

lUe Sictric defuntum 
armatura in prelia 
Saxonum exercitum 
per totum Bryttanium. 

Constantinus rex Scottorum 
et velum Bryttannium 
salvando regis Saxoimm 
fideles servitia* 

Dixit rex ^J?elstanus 

per Petri precoma 
gint &ani sint loiige 
in Salvatoris gratia. 




Domine Deus omnipotens, rex regura etdominus daminantium, 
in cujus manu omnis victoria coiisistit, et omne bellum conte- 
ritur, concede mihi ut tua manus cor meum corroboret, ut in 

virtute tua in manibus viribusque mcis bene pugnare virili- 
terque agere valeam, ut inimici mei in conspectu meo cadent et 
corruant, sicut corruit Golia? ante faciem pucri tui David, et 
sicut poptjlus Pharaonis coram Moysi in Mare Rubro, et Ficut 
Phi list! m coram populo Israhel ceciderunt, et Amalech coram 
Moysi et Chananei coram Jesu corruerunt, sic cadant inimid 
mei sub pedibus meis, et per viam unam conveniant adversum 
me, et per sep(ero fugiant a me, et conteret Deus arma eorum, 
et confrine^et framea eoruin, et eliquisce in conspectu meo sicut 
cera a facie ignis, ut sciant onanes populi terre quia invocatum 
nomen Domini nostri Jhesu super me, et magiiificetur nomen 
tuum, Domine, in adversariis meis, Doraine Deas Israel. 



Written in the fonrtcenth century, from n MS. in the libmiy of Jema 
College, Cambridge^ N. B. 17. 

Bt sunt libri sdncte 3farie Hievair. 

A- Codex Justiniani, 
Decreta Graciani. 
Johannes super decreta. 
Hay mo super epistolas Pauli. 

B» Augustinus de civitate Dei^ in uno volumine, 

Augustinus super Johanoem, in uno volumine. 

Augustinus super Psalterium, in quinque volumimbus- 

Augustinus de decern preceptis, de gratia et libero arbi- 
trio, et episjtola Prosperi ad Augustinum, et epistola 
Hylarii ad Augustinum, et Augustinus de predcstina- 
tione sanctorum, de bono perseverantie, et Augustinus 
super Genesim contra Manicheos, in uno volumine. 

Augustinus de sermone Domini in monte, et de natura 
et gratia, et epistola ejusdem ad Valentinum, in uno 

Augustinus de quantitate anime, et Ambrosius de bono 
mortis et de fuga scculi et de viduis, in uno volumine, 

Augusf inus de perfectione justicie, de correptione et gratia, 
et Dora in us vobiscum, in uno volumine. 

Augustinus de caritate, et retractationes ejusdem, in uno 




Augustinus de duabus animabiis, de discipHna Christi- 
anorum, de decern cordis, regula ejusdtm de vita 
cleriooriim, de nuptiis et concupisceiUiai et August] nus 
contra Julianura, et contra duas epistolas Pelagianomm, 
et de sancta virginitato, in uno volumine. 

Aiiffiistinus ad Simplicianum centra Pelagium, in uno 
volumifie, el alia, 

Augustinuj contra Fausturn, in uno volumine, 

Augustinus de trinitate, in uno volumine* 

Augustmus de confessionibus, in uno voliimme. 

Augustinus de verbis Domini, in uno \^olumine. 

Augustinus super Genesim ad lltterani, et versus Da- 
masippe, in uno vol u mine. 

Epistole Augustini, et Augustinus contra interrogationes 
Pclagii heretici, in uno volumine. 

Augustinus de pcnitentia, et unde malum, et de libero 
arbitrio, et contra quinque liereses, et de bono conjugali, 
et pars quedam de perfectione justicie, etHugo de archa 
Noe, in uno voluniine, 

Augustinus de baptismo parvulorunii et ad Marcellinum, et 
de unico baptismo, de spiritu et littera, et ad Paulimim, 
et Yponosticon, et contra Pelagianos, et de moribus ec- 
clesieg et contra epistolam Manichei, et Augustinus de 
cura per mortem agenda, in uno volumine. 

Augustinus de doctrina christiana, in uno volumiiic. 

Augustinus contra mendacium, et ad Renatum de origine 
anime contra libros Vincentii, et ad Pelrum contra 
libros t^usdem Vincentii, etad Vincentium Victorem, et 
contra perfidtam Arrianoruin, et contra adversarios legis 
et prophetarum, et liber bestiarura, et epistole Anselmi, 
in uno volumine, 

Augustinus de consensu Evangelistarum, et duo sermones 
ejusdem de jure-jurando, in uno volumine. 

Soliloquia Augustini, 

Augustinus contra ackademicos, et de ordine monachorum, 

Bernardus super cantica canticorum, in uno volumine. 

Libri Bernardi^ expositio scilicet super evangelium» missus 
est angelus Gabriel, et de gradibus humilitatis et super- 
bie, et de distincta varietate monastice discipline, et de 
gratia et libero arbitrio et diligendo Dominum, et exhor- 
tatio ejusdem ad milites templi, et libeMus ejusdem ad 
Eugenium Papam, in uno volumine. 

Sermones Bernardi per anni ctrculum, in uno volumine. 

Itemj Bernardusde gratia et libero arbitrio^ et liber ejusdem 



ad Ascelinum cardinal em de diligendo Dominum, et 
versus Hildebcrti de missa, in uno volumine* 

Item, Bertiardus de diligendo Domiiium, et setitencia ejus 
de trinitate, et de presciencia, de sacramento altaris^ de 
quibusdam sacramentis fidei, in uno volumLne. 

Epistole Bemardi, in uno vol urn ine. 

Anselinus, cur Deus homo, de conceptu virginali, de 
nionte liomilitatis, de reparatione humane redemptionis, 
expositio evangelii, Inlravit Jl-sus in quoddam castro, 
et vita ejusdem, et Wimundus decopore Domini contra 
Berengarium, in uno vol urn inc. 

Libri Anselini de incarnalione verbi, Monologion, Pros- 
ologion ejusdcm, et contra ejusdem libri secundum et 
tertium et quartum capita oppositio cujusdam et 
responsio illius, epistola ad Waleranrmm episcopum, 
tractatus illius de veritate, tractatus illius de hbero 
arbitrio, de casu diaboli, de concordia prescientie et 
predestinationis et gratie cum libero arbitrioj dc simiii- 
tudinibus, de gramatico, in uno volumine. 

Ailredus de spirituali araicitia, et de institutione indu- 
sarum, in uno volumine. 

Liber sermonum illius qui sic incipit, Petis a me, etc., 
in uno volumine. 

Ailredus de oneribus Ysaie, in uno volumine, 

Ailredus de vita sancti Edwardi, de generositate et 
moribus et morte Regis David, de vita sancli Niniani 
epi^copi, de miiaculis Haugustaldensis ecclesie, in uno 

Epistole Ailredi, in uno volumine* 

Ailredus de anima, in uno volumine. 

Speculum caritatis. 

Epistole Roraanorura pontificum, in uno volumine. 

Epistole Cypriani, in uno volumine. 

A Iredus de fascica lo frondium* 

E, Ori genes super vetos testamentum, in duobus voluminibus* 
Rabanus super Matheum, in uno volumine. 

Haimo super epistolas Pauli, in uno volumine. 

Josephus de antiquitate, in uno volumine, 

Josephus de Judaico bello^ et Ailredus de generositate 

regis David, in uno volumine. 
Sentencie magistri Petri Lumbardi, in uno volumine. 

F. Moralia beati Gregorii Papa in Job, in quinque volu- 

Gregorius super Ezechielem, in uno volumine- 



Liber pastoralis, et liber de tribus generibus homicidii, et 

liber de conflictu viciorum et virtutum^ in uno vokimine. 
Liber dialogorum beati Gregorii, in uno volumine. 
Liber quadmgiiita oineliaruni, in uno voluoriine. 
Prima pars registri, et Augustiniis de vera religione, et 

Marsias, in uno vol amine, 
Secunda pars registri, et liber de scientia dictandi, in uno 

De summa trinitate cijide catholica, 
Rob^rtus super Apocalipsira, in uno volumine. 
Liber sermonuiii, et quedam excerpta de libris Justiniani, 

et bestiarium, in uno volumine. 

G, Ambrosius super Lucam, in uno volumine. 

Ambrosius super Beali immaculati, in uno volumine. 

Ambrosius de officiis et de sacranientis, in uno volumine. 

Epistole Ambrosii, in uno vokimiTie. 

Ambrosius de virginibms, et de Nabuthe, et sermo ejus de 
jeiunio, et libellus Ricardi Prioris de Benjamin et fra- 
tribus ejus, de quibusdam paitibus mundi, de septem 
mtrabdibus Rome, de quinque plagis Anglie, in uno 

Ambrosius be bono mortis, de fuga seculi, de viduis, 
Exameron ejusdem, de penitenlia^ et Cassiodorus de 
virtutibus anime, in uno volumine. 

Prima pars Ysidori etbimologiarura, et expositio libri 
Donati grammatici et quedam derivationcs peralphabe- 
tum inciioantes, et regule versilicandii in uno volumine. 

Secunda pars Ysidori ethiniologtarum^ et Ysidorus de 
quibusdam propriis nominibus veteris ac novi testamenti 
et eorum sigtiificationibus, et libellus Ysidori qui Syno- 
nima appellatur, in uno volumine. 

Johannes Crisostomus super psalmum quinquagintesimura, 
de muUere Chananea, de reparatmne lapsi, Augustinus 
super mulierem fortem, et vita duorum presbiterorujn, 
Augustinus de duodecini abu^iivis, et miraculum de 
corpore et sanguine Domini, et Beda super Tobiam, 
et Ysidorus de summo bono et diversis virtutibus, in 
uno volumine. 

Liber Beati Gregorii Nazianzeni, in uno volumine, 

Paralipomenon glosatum, et quedam expositiuncule super 
epistolas Fauli, et sermones Babionis, in uno vobiniine, 

Laurentius de consolatione amicitie, et quedam dec ret a 
patrum, et ysagoge Johannicii, in uno volumine. 

Epistole Senece, in uno volumine. 

Sermones Mauricii, qui sic incipiunt, Festum super festum, 
in uno volumine. 



Vigniti octo serinones sancti Bemardi super cantica can- 
ticorum, in mio volumine. 

H, Hugo de sacramentis, in duobus voluminibus- 

Hago de conteraptu mundi, soUloquiuin ejusdem de arra 
anime, item, de virginitate sancte Marie, solutio ejus- 
dem cur non fiat conjugium inter euiidem sexum, et 
didascalion ejusdem, in uno volumine. 

Tractatus Hugonis, et miracula de corpore et sanguine 
Domini, in uno volumine. « 

Hugo super Ecclesiasten, et liber ecclesiasticorum dog- 
mat urn Gennadii, et eulogium magistri Johannis de 
Cornubia. in uno volumine. 

Pannormia Yvonis Carnotensis episcopi, in uno volumine. 

Item Pannormia Yvonis, et epistole Dindimi et Alexandri, 
et epistola domini Baldwini abbatis de Forda, et sermo 
de sancto Tboma et sancto Willelmo, et salubrius ad- 
moniliocujusdamsapientis quomodo de Deo etdeanima 
rudibus et minus peritis caute loquendum sit, in uno 

Sentencie Hugonis, I 

Epistole Yvonis, et epistole Hildeberti episoopi Cenoman- 
nensis, in uno volumine. 

Hugo super Iberarcbiam. in uno volumine. 

Robertus super Matheum, in uno volumine. 

Robertus super Leviticum, sermo magistri Roberti Pul- 
lani de omnibus Christiane vite necessariis, libel] us 
RicardiPrioris de Benjamin et fralribus ejus, regula 
sancti Basilii, in uno volumine. 

Epistole Mauricii, in uno volumine. 

Libri Rlauricii, scilicet, specula monastice religionis, et 
apologia ejusdem, et itinerarium pads, et rithmus 
ejusdem, el de translatione coporis Santi Cuthberti, _in 
uno volumine. 

Lapidarium, et quidam sermones et sentencie et compila- 
ciones, in uno volumine. 

I, Beda super Lucam, in uno volumine, 
Beda super Marcumj in uno volumine. 
Beda de tabernaculo, in uno volurnine. 
Beda de ystoria Anglorum, in uno volumine. 
Beda de temporibus, cum quibusdam cronicis ejus^ in uno 

Beda de triginta questionibus, et super Esdram, in uno 

Beda super Samuelem, in una volumine, 
Beda super epistolas canonicas, et super cantica cantico- 

ruai, in uno volumine. 



Beda de vita Saiicti Ctithberti, et Cuthbertus de transitu 

sancti Bede, in uno voluraine. 
Libri de litteta Anglica duo, 

K, Hystoria ecclesiastica, in uno voluraiiie. 

Historia Egesippi, in uno volumine, 

Historia Henrici, in uno volumme. 

Historia de Jerusalem, m uno volumine- 

Historia Britonum, in uno voluinine. 

ItinerariQm Clement is, in uno volumine. 

Sermones Magistri Gaufridi Babionis, et expositio in Johel 
prophetam et in Naum prophetam, in uno volumine. 

Orosius de ormesta mundi, historia Daretis de belle 
Trojano, et versus Petri Abailardi ad filium^ et cronica 
de Anglia, in uno vol amine. 

Libri Aldelini, quedam nomina et verba de libro capitu- 
lorum, Hugo de Folieto de claustro materiali, item, de 
claustro anirae, invectio Solomon is, in uno vol u mine. 

Expositio evangelii. Dixit Synion Petrus ad Jesum, ser- 
mo de labore sanctorum et mercede, sermo de novera 
mensibus conceptionis et octo diebus circumcisionis 
Christi, sermo de sancto Pascha, collectiones sen- 
tericiarum et meditacionum, tractatus super quedam 
capitula de cantica canticorum, manipulus rerum et 
verborum, in uno volumine* 

Expositio super cantica canticorum, Ambrosius super 
cantica canticorum, expositio super Prisciani octo con- 
structiones, expositio super Apocalipsim, item, ex- 
positio super cantica caiiticnrunu glose Boeciii et 
expositio brevis super quosdam psaltno:!, in uno volu- 

Johannes super decrcta Gratiani, in uno volumine. 

Corpus canon urn, in uno volumine, 

Matheus glosatus, in uno volumine. 

Actus apostolorum glosati, in uno volumine* 

Boecius de Trinitate, liber Catouis, passio sancti Lauren- 
til, proverbia de libris poetarum, vila sanctc Marie 
Egiptie, Hildebertus de cdiEcio auime, item versus 
ejusdcm, quidam hymni, Odo de viribus herbamm, 
Marbodeus de generibus Japidum, passio sancti Mau- 
ricii, vita Taisidis et alii versus, cosmographia Bernardi 
Silvestris, passio sancti Thome, et alii versus et dicta- 
mina, in uno vobimine, 

Versarium de libris Elhnicorum, passio sancti Laureucii, 
argorismus, in uno volumine. 

VOL. II. 2 A 




L, Vitas patrum, vita sancti Guthlaci, liber qui dicitur 
formula vite honeste, in uno volumine. 

Vita sancti Godrici heremite, in uno volumine. 

Johannes Heremita in decern coUationes, iii uno volumine. 

Libri quatuordecini collationum, in uno volumine, 

Prosperus de vita activa et contemplatione, et diadema 
monachorura, in uno volumine. 

Liber Odonis, in uno volumine. 

Expositiuncula super vetus et novum testamentum, et 
quedam gesta in ecclesia pro passione Domini, Augus- 
tinus super psalmos, et alie compilationes, et regula 
splendescit, in uno volumine. 

Liber Heraclidis episcopi qui dicitur paradisus, et perse- 
cutio Affricane provicie, in uno volumine. 

Sentencie Magistri WaUeri que sic iiicipiuntj Ferculum 
sibi fecit salvatio, in uno volumine. 

Sentencie que sic incipiunt, Dum medium silentium, in 
uno volumine. 

Regula Joliannis Cassiani, in uno volumine. 

Psalterium glosatum domiiii Ailredi abbatis^ in uno volu- 

PsaUerium glosatum domini Ernaldi abbatis, in uno volu- 

Psalterium magistri Walteri glosatum, in uno volumine. 

Psalterium Hurofdi glosatum, in uno volumine. 

Psalterum Radulfi Barun glosatum, in uno volumine, 

Ptaalterium Symonisde Sigillo glosatum, iouuo volumine. 

Psalterium parvum de probaiorio glosatum, in uno volu- 

PsaUerium Gaufridi Dinant non glosatum^ in uno volu- 

Psalterium Fulconis non gloi^atum, in uno volumine. 

Psalterium Willclmi de Rotelando non glosatum, in uno 

Psalterium leronimi, quod fuit Willelmi de Berking', in 
uno volumine, 

M. Liber Justiniani de legibus, in uno volumine. 

Liber medicinalis qui appellatur antidotarium^ in uno 

Ysagoge Johannicii, iu uno volumine. 

Priscianus magnus^ in uno volumine. 

Priscianus de constructionibus, in uno volumine. 

Bernard us de duodecim gradibus humilitatis, sermones et 
sentencie utilissimc, apologeticum sancti Bernardi,iuter- 
pretationes Hebraicorum nominum, in uno volumine. 


Sermones sancti Bernardi qui sic incipiunt, sancti per 
fidem, et alie quedam sentencie, in uno volumine. 

Expositio super Naam prophetam et super Johel, sen- 
tencie et sermones et epistole plurimoram perutiles, 
Laurenlius de creatioiie et operibus Domini, in uno 

Congestio diversarum sentenciarum diversis sancte ca- 
tholice ecclesie cau^sis congruent ium, et excerpta quedam 
de registro Gregorii ornate dicta, in uno volutnine. 

Sinonima Ciceronis, quedam de compoto^ regule ver- 
sificandi, in uno volumine. 

Rethorica, in uno votuinine, 

Boecius de consoklione, in uno volumine, 

Ysagoge Porphirii in catliegorias Aristotelis, et alii libri 
dialecttci, in uno volumine. 

Liber de miraculis sancte Marie, in uno volumine. 

N. Liber oraeliarum in hyeme, in uno volumine. 
Liber omeliarum in estate, in uno volumine. 
Passionate mensis Octobris. in uno volumine, 
Passionale mensis Novembris et Decembris, in uno vo- 
Passionale mensis Januarii, in uno volumine. 
Vita sancti Silvestri et aliorum sanctorum, in uno volumine. 
Vita sancti Ambrosii et aliorum sanctorum, in uno volu- 
Omelie in quadragesima, in uno volumine^ 
Psalterium tripartitum, in uno volumine. 

O. leronimus super duodecim prophetas, in duobus volumi- 

leronimus super leremiam et super Danielem, in uno 

leronimus de Hebraicis questionibus, de mansionibus fili- 
orum Israel, de distantiis locorunij de Hebraicorum 
nominum inlerpretatione, de questionibus libri Regura, 
de Paralipomenone, de decern lemptacionibus, de sex 
civitatibus fugitivorum, de cnntico Debbore, de lamen* 
taciontbus Jercmie, de edificio Prudentii, Hugo de 
Folieto de claustro anime, Jer' Gennad', Ysidorus de 
illustribus viris, Cassiodorus de institutionibus divina- 
rum littcrarum, Ailredus de standardo, de nmppa, in 
uno volumine**^ 

• Tbi« it now in the Mlnilcr Llbr&rj^ York, 



Bernardus super cantica canticorum, Jeremias glosatus, 
iteuij opuscula Bernardi, el epistole et sententie pluri- 
morutn, Barbarismus glosatiis^ epistole Senece et Paoli, 
in uno voluiiiine* 

Sennones Petri Manducatoris, de ortu sancti Cuthberti, 
passio sancti Thome archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, mira- 
culum de }Tnagine sancte Marie, vita S, Olavi, in uno 

Quedam gesta Salvatoris, sermo Roberti Pulani, regula 
de quibusdam adverbiis et questio de quadatn construc- 
tione, leronimus contra Joviniaonm de bcis misticis^ 
Beda de arte metrica et de scematibus, Hugo de in- 
stitutione noviciorum, epistola Patellici abbatis ad 
episcopum suum et rescriptuin episcopi, in uno vol amine. 

Vita sancti leronimi et epistole ejusdera, in uno volumine. 

Seniencie magistri Roberti Melodinensis. 

Sermones abbatis Werrij in duobus voluminibus. 

Epistole Sydonii, in uno voluraine. 

Libri ghssatL 

P, Genesis, glosatus, in uno volumine* 
Exodus, glosatus, in uno volumine* 
Ysaia^, glosatus, in uno volunane. 
I tern J Ysaias, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Job, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Item, Job, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Duodecira prophete, glosate, in uno volumine* 
Item^ duodecim prophete, glosate, in uno volumine. 
Item, duodecim prophete, glosate, in uno volumine. 
Sex prophete, glosate, in uno volumine, 
Tobias et Judith, glosati, et liber Hester et Apocalipais, 

in uno volumine. 
Cantica canticorum et epistole canonice, glosate, in uno 

Matheus, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Marcus, glosatus, in mio volumine. 
Item, Marcus, glosatus, in uno volumine, 
Lucas, glosatus, in uno volumine* 
Item, Lucas, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Item, Lucas, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Johannes, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Item, Johannes, glosatus, in uno volumine. 
Item, Johannes, glosatus, in uno volumine* 
Epistole canonice, glosate, in uno volumine, 
Epistole Paiili, glosate, in uno volumine. 
Item, epistole Pauli, glosate, in uno volumine. 



Apocalypsi^, glosatus, in uno volumine* 
Item. Apocalypsis et cantica canticorum glosati, m uno 

Q, Liber usuum, io duobus voluminibus. 

Glosule super psalterium, G. Pore, in uno volumine. 

Quedam evangelia breviter exposita, exhorlatio sancti 
Bernardi ad Eogenium papam, sententie patmm de 
viciis et virtutibus, et phisica, in uno volumine. 

Orationariiim quod sic incipit, Domine Jesu Christe fill 
Dei vivi, Bernard us de cant us propiietate, hore de 
sancta Maria, institutio capituli, expositio super quas- 
dara preces, in uno volumine. 

Item, oratioiiarium quod sic incipit, Domine Jesu Christe 
qui in hoc mundum, in uno volumine. 

Sententie que sic incipiunt, '* Ne velis tibi*\ et Praden* 
tins, in uno volumine. 

Qnedam nominuni et verborum expositio in epistolas 
Pauli^ et versus de Christo, et de sacramentis fidei quo- 
rundam patram sermones, in uno volumine. 

Encheridion, et versus cujusdem de morte Roberti Bloet, 
episcopi Lincolriiensis, el difficiliores partes veteris ac 
novi testament!, in uno volumine. 

Quedam commcnta philosophie, quedam sententie Pauli 
et Ysaie, glosate, flores quorundam evangeliorum, aurea 
gemma, epistola Carnotensis episcopi mirifice util- 
itatis, liber sancti Patricii, collatio Trinitatis, sanctus 
Augustinus a se ipso ad se ipsum, excerptiones 
Pannormie Yvonis, soliloquium Mauricii, quorundura 
verborum interpretationes, in uno volumine. 

Psalterium cum dimidio versibus, et quedam orationes 
per rithmum, in uno volumine. 

Libellus qui appellatur ymago mundij et alie sentencie, 
in uno volumine. 

Liber medicinalis qui fuit Hugonis de Beverlaio, in uno 





The following is taken (yom the back of a rent roll of Sir George Bowc^ 
of StreatliaiDy Durham, dated 1560^ and u in the same band-writing as the 
list of the tenants. It was kindly communicated to ns by Sir Cuthbert 


That self-same toung which first did the entreat 
To lynk thie liking with my lucky love, 

That trustie toung must now thes words repeat, 
" I love the still/* my fancy cannot move. 

That drieles hart, which durst attempt the thought 
To Wynne thy will with myne for to consent^ 

Mayntaynes that vowe, which love in me first wrought, 
'* I love the still/* and never shall repent. 

That happie hand which hardely did touche 

Thy tender body, to ray depe delight, 
Shall strive with sword to prove my passion suche. 

As " loves the still/' much more than it can w^rile. 

Thus love I still with toung, hand, hart, and all, 
And when I chaunge, lett vengeaunce on me fall. 


From MS. HarL No, 919, fol, 0, f«. of the beginning of Ihe fourteenth' 


Swet Jhesus, hend and fre, 
That was i-slraw^t on rode tre, 
Now the and ever mid us he, 

and us schild Tram sinne; 
Let thou no|t to helle te, 

thai that beth her inne ; 
So bri3te of ble, thou hire me, 

hoppe of alle man-kynne, 
Do us i-se tne Trinitc, 

and hevene riche to winne. 

This worldis love is gon a-waj. 
So dew on grasse in someris dai^ 
Few ther beth, weilawai ! 

that lovith Goddis lore; 


Al we beth i-clung so clai, 

we schold rew that sore ; 

Prince and king, what wenith thai 
to libbe ever more 1 

Leveth ^ur plai^ and crieth ai, 
Jhesu Crist, thin ore. 

Alas, alas ! ye riche men. 

Of muk whi wol ^e fille jur denne I 

Wende je to ber hit hennc 1 

nai, so mote I thrive ! 
3e sulle se that al is fenne^ 

the catel of this live. 
To Criste je ren, and falleth a knen, 

that wondis tholiid five ; 
For ^e beth trenne wort hi to brenne 

in bittir helie kive. 

Godde 50W havith to erthe i-sent, 
Lilil dwel |0U havith i-lent, 
He schal wit how hit is spent, 

I rede 50 u, tak hede ; 
If hit be hidde, je beth i-schent, 

for helle worth ^ur mede. 
The bow is bend, the fire i-tend, 

to 30W, if je beth giiede ; 
Bot ^eu amend, je sul be wend 

in ever glowind glede. 

Povir was thin in comming. 
So ssal be thin oute going, 
Tliou ne salt of al thi thing 

a peni ber to molde; 
That is a rewful tithing, 

whose hit hire wold. 
Loverd king, to hori ding, 

what makith man so hold ? 
In pining jive a ferthing 

he ne sal, thej he wo!d. 

Riche man, bethenche the, 
Tak gode hede wat thou be ; 
Thoa ne art bot a brolil tre 

of schorte seven fote, 
I-schrid with-ute with gold and fe; 

tlie ax is at the rote ; 
The fent un-fre halt al to gle, 



this ire a-dun to rote : 

So mote ic the, ic rede the, fle, 

and do this sowle is bote- 

Now thou art in ro and rest. 
Of al the lond thou art the mest, 
Thou doist no streinth of Godis hest, 

of delh whi nellou thenche T 
Whan thou wcnist hbbe best, 

thi bodi deth sal qwench ; 
The povcr chest ssal be thi nest, 

that sittist bold a bench; 
Est and west schal be thi qwest, 

ne mijt thou nothing blench. 

Be thou bamn other kni^te. 
Thou salt be a sorful wijte^ 
Whan thou liste in here i-tijte^ 

in fulle pover wede ; 
Nastou nother main no mi^te, 

whil tliou no man drede : 
With sorw^ful sijt, and that is rijte, 

to erthe me sul the lede. 
Than ssal thi li^t turn into nijte, 

bethench, man, this i-red. 

The pover man bit uche dai 
Gode of the, and thou seiist ai, 
" Beggar, wend a devil wai ! 

thou denist al min ere." 
Hungir bitte he goth a-wai, 

with mani sorful tere, 
A ! wailowai ! thou dotte of dai, 

whan thou list on here, 
Of fow no grai, jio rede no rai, 

nastou bot a here. 

Christ telhth in hoh writte, 
That a man of wilhir witte 
I-biriid \vas in helle pitte, 

that in this lif was ridie, 
Ssal he never than flilte 

frani the sorful diche ; 
He sal sitte in helle flitte, 

with-oute w^yn and miche ; 
The fent sal sitte is knot to knitte, 

sore mai he skriche. 



The pover man goth bi-for the, 

Al i-driid als a tre, 

And gredith, " Loverd, he!p me, 

hufigro me havith L-bund ; 
Let me dei pur cbarit^, 

i-bro^t ic am to grund F' 
So mot I the and Crist i-se, 

if he die that stund, 
His lif sal be i-cravid of the, 

thej thou jif him no wonde. 

I the rede rise and awake 

Of the hori sinne lake; 
If tJiou be ther in i-take 

I wisse thou schalt to helle. 
To woni with the fentis blake 

in that sorful wille ; 
Thi wei thou make^ thou dri the stake^ 

to prest thi sinnes telle; 
So wo and wrake sal fram the rake, 

with fendis grimme and felle. 

If in sinne thi live is ladde. 

To do penance ne be nojt sadde ; 

Who so doth, he nis no^t madde, 

as holx chuTche us techithe ; 
Ther of be thou nojt anlradde^ 

Crist sal be thi lech. 
Thus Crist us radde, that rode spradde, 

with a bUsful speche, 
Whan he so bad, thou mi|t be gtadde, 

ne lovith he no wieche. 

Jhesu, king of heven fre, 
Ever i-blessid mot thou be ! 
Loverd, I besech the, 

to me thou tak hede, 
Fram dcdUch sinne thou ^em me, 

while I libbe on lede; 
The maid fre, that here the 

so swetlich under wede. 
Do us to se the Trinity, 

al we habbeth nede. 

This sang wro|t a frere, 
Jhesu Crist be is secure ! 
Loverd, bring him to the toure ! 


194 RELIdirijK ANTIQtr^, 

frere Michel Kyldare; 
Schild him fram helle boure, 

whan he sal hen fare ! 
Levedi, flur of al honur, 

cast a-wei is care; 
Fram the schoure of pinis sure 

thou Slid him her and thare! Amen. 



Fri»m MS. Cotton Cleop. B. liil. ^6, f, of Ihe t^th century. 
Promissio Regis, 

"Bis ge-writ is ge- write n sts^f be stcefe be }>am ge-write |?e 
Dunstan arceb, sealde urum hlaforde mi Cingestune )>a on d»g 
)?a hine man balgode to cinge, *) for-bead him felc wedd to 
syllanne butan J>ysan wedde ]ie be up on Cristes weofod lede 
swa se b* him dihte. On J^trrc halgan );rynnesse naman, Ic 
|?reo |>ing be-hate cristenum folce, ^ rae under tSeoddum; an 
merest ^ Godes cyrice *] eall cristen folc minra ge-wealda so^e 
sibbe hcalde ; n<Ser is ^ ic reaf-lac ■] ealle unrihte Jiing eallum 
hadum for^beode; bridde ^ ic be-bate ^ be-beode on eallum 
do mum riht "j mi!a-heortnisse, }>aDt us eallum arfa^st -] mild- 
heort God ]?urh ^ his ecean miltse for-gife, se lifaB 3 ruta^. 

Se cristena cyng )?e J?a^ ]?iag ge-bealdelS, he ge-earnaS him 
sylfum woroldlicne weordmvnt, ^ him ece God seg^er ge-milt- 
sa^ ge on andwerdum life ge ac on bam ecean ]?e a*fre ne 
ateoraS. Gif he |?onne p aweegS ^ Gode was be-haten, )?onne 
sceal hit sySSan wyrsian swy'Se sona on his |>eode, 3 eall hit 
on ende ge-hwyrf8 on ^ wyrste^ butan he on his lif fsece a&r hit 

Eala ! leof hlaford, beorh huru ]?inga georne]?e ^Ifum, Ge* 
|>enc ^ ge-16me f )m scealt ]>a beorde foiiS mi Godes dome 
ywan ^ ls6dan, l?e }ju eart to hyrde ge-scyft on ^ysum life, ^ 
|jonne ge-cennan hu ]?u ge-heolde, $ Crist ger ge-bohte sylf 
mid his bl6de. 

Ge-halgodes cynges riht is, ^ he neenigne man ne for-deme, j 
"3 ^ he wuduwan ^ steop-cild ^ lel Jjcodige werige *} amundige« 
^ stala for-beode, ^ unriht hjemedu ge-bete, 3 sib-legeru to- 
twoeme, ^ grundlunga for-beode, wiccan ^ galdra adilige^ 
mflBg-myrSran -j man-swaran of earde ailrife, |7earfan mid 
selmyssan fede, •] ealde, ^ wise, ^ syfre him to ge-Jjeahterum 
hsebbe, 3 riht wise msen him to wicnerum sette, for ban swa 
hwaet swa hig to unrighte ge-do8 ]>urh his aful, he nis sceal 
ealles ge-scead agyldan on domes-dseg. 




From MS. Cotton. Claudius, A. iiL foL 29, v*. a Benediction al of the tenth 
century, formerly belonging to St, Augustiiie*8 at CaiUerbury. 

Ic eom halgung-boc, 

healde hine Dryhlen 

}>e me fegere j?us 

irajtewura belegde ; 

|?ure'5 to |)ance 

jms het me wyrcean 

to love ^ to wur^e 

fam )?e leoht ge-sceop, 

ge-myndi is he mihta ge-hwylcre 

^8es ^e he on foldan 

ge-fremian maeg, 

"5 him ge-|?ancie '^ 

|?eoda waldend, 

|?0es pe he on ge-mynde 

madma manega 

wyle ge-mearcian 

metode to lace; 

"J he sceal eece lean 


l^aes Jje he on foldan 

fremab to ryhte. 



Copied from an aneieot pet of ten fortuoe cardi by Barrett, and now 
printed fruiQ b]» MS* CoUectionfr preserved in the Che lb am La Urnry at 
Maneb ester. 

A woman thatt ys wylfuU ys a plage off the worate^ 
As good live in hell, as withe a wytte that is curste. 

Wiltes are moste wylly where wemen have wyttes. 
And curtilly comethe uppon them by fBttes, 

In frinds ther ys flattery, in men lyttell trust, 
Thoughe fayre Ihey proffer, they be offten unjuste. 

Good fortune God sende you, I dare laye my heade 
You will holde with the home yff ever youe wedd, 

Tene pound to a pudding whensocvere you mary. 
You will repente yee that so longe you did tarrye. 



Wheresoever thou Iraveleste, este, weste, northe or southe^ 
Leame oeyer to looke a geven horsse in the EDoatbe. 

Wyssdome dothe warne the in many a place. 

To tniste no 5uche flatteres as ^11 jere in thy face. 

A widdowe that ys wanton with a running head, 
Ys a dyvell in the kyttchine and a nape in her bedde^ 
Pyke oute a throwe that will leame you a choisse. 
With a read head, a sharpe nolle, and a shrill voyoe, 

Cholle oute a mater that w^^^U leame you a cfaoisse. 
With a rede heade, a sharpe nosse, and a shrill royce. 



Wfom m MS. on paper of tlie reifn of Henry VII. preiervod In ibe ClietluuD 
Libraiy at Manchetter. 

Jhesu that arte jentylle, ffor joye off thy dame^ 
As thu wrought thys wyde worlde, in hevyn is thi home» 
Save alle thys compeny and sheld them from scharae. 
That wylle fystyn to me and tende to thys game. 

God kepe alle women that to thys towne longe, 
Maydens, wedowp, and wy vys amonge ; 
For moche the ar blamyd and sometyme with wronge, 
I take wyttenes of alle ffoike that herythe thys song. 

Lystyn, good serrys, bothe yong and olde, 
By a good howsbande thys tale shalbe tolde ; 
He weddyd a womane that was ffayre and bolde. 
And bade good i-now to wende as they wolde. 

She was a good huswyfe, curteys and heynd, 
And he was an angry man^ and sone wold be tenyd, 
Chydyng and brawlynge, and farde leyke a feynd. 
As they that oftyn wylbe wrothe with ther best ftend^ 

Tylle itt befelle uppon a day, shortt talle to make, 
The goodman wold to the plow, his horse gan he lake ; 
He aeJyd for the hys oxsyn, the whyt end the blake, 
And he seyd, " dame, dyght our denner betyme, for Godes 

The goodman an hys lade to the plow be gone, 
The goodwyf bade meche to doo, and servant had se none, 
Many smafe chyldern to kepe besyd hyrselfe alone, 
She dyde mor then sho myght withy n her owne wone. 



Home com the goodnmn be tyme off the day. 

To loke that al thing wer acordyng to hes pay, 

"Dame^ he sed, "is owr dyner dyghtl" "Syr/* sche 

sayd^ "naye; 
How woM yow have me doo mor then I cane ? '* 

Than he began to chide and sejd^ '* Evelle mott thou the ! 

I wolde thou shuldes alle day go to plowe with me, 

To walke in the clottes that be wette and mer6, 

Than sholdes thou wytt what it were a plowman to bee/* 

Than sware the goodwyff, and thus gane she say^ 

** I have moT to doo then I doo may ; 

And ye shuld folowe me ffoly on day. 

Ye wold be wery off your part, my hede dar I lay." 

'■ Wery [ yn the devylles nam V seyd the goodman, 
" What hast thou to doo, but sy ttes her at kame ? 
Thou goyst to thi neybores howse, be on and be one, 
And syttes ther janglynge with Jake an with John." 

Than sayd the goodwy ffe, ** feyr mot yow ffaylle ! 
I have mor to do, who so wyst alle ; 
Whyn I lye in my bede, my slope is butt smalle, 
Yett eyrly in the morneng ye wylle me up calle. 

'* Whan I lye al myght wakyng with our cheylde, 

I ryse up at morow'and fynde owr howse wylde; 
Then I melk owre kene and torne ihem on the felde, 
Whylle yow slepe ffulle styile, also Cryst me schelde ! 

" Than make I buter ferther on the day ; 

After make I chese, — thes holde yow a play ; 

Then wylle owre cheldren wepe and upemosl they, 

Yett wylle yow blame me for owr goodj and any be awey. 

'* Whan I have so done, yet ther comys more eene, 
I geve our chekyns met, or elles they wylb[ej leyne : 
Our hennes, our capons, and owr dokkes be-dene. 
Yet tend 1 to owr goslyngs that gothe on the grene. 

"I bake, I brew, yt wylle not elles be welle ; 

I bete and swyngylle flex, as ever have I heylle ; 

I hekylle the towe, I kave and I key He, 

I toose owUe and card het and spyn het on the wheylle/* 

" Dame," sed the goodman, " the develle have thy bones I 
Thou nedyst not bake nor bre-w in fortynght past onys ; 
I sey no good that thou dost within thes wyd wonys, 
But ever thow excusyst the with gronles and gronys/* 

*' Yefc a pece off lenyn and wolen I make onys a yere. 
For to clothe owre self and owr cheldren in fere ; 




Elles we sliold go to the market, and by het ful deer, 
I ame as bessy as I may in every [yere*] 

" Wlian I have so donne, I loke on the sonnCj 

I ordene met for owr bestes agen that yow come home. 

And met ffor owr selfe agen het be none. 

Yet I have not a ffeyr word w ban I have done- 

" Soo I loke lo owT good wilhowt and withyn, 

That ther be none awey noder mor nor myn. 

Glade to pies yow to pay, lest any bate begyn, 

Aiid fort to chid thus with me, i-feyght yow be in synne/* 

Then sed the good man in a sory tjme, 

** Alle thys wold a good howsewyf do long ar het were prime; 

And sene the good that we have is halfe dele fhyn, 

Thow shalt laber for thy part as I doo for myne." i 

"Therffor, dame, make the redy, I warnethe, anone, 
To morow with my lade to the plowe thou shalt gone ; 
And I wylbe howsew^yfe and kype owr howse at home. 
And take myn ese as thou hast done, by God and Seinl 
John !" 

"I graunt/* quod the goodwyfe, "as I wnderstonde, 
To morowe in the momyng I wylbe walkande: 
Yet wylle I ryse whylle ye be siepande, 
And see that alle theng be redy led to your hand/' 

Soo it past alle to the morow that het was dayleyght ; 
The good%vyffe thoght on her ded and upe she rose ryght : 
" Dame/* seid the goodmane, " I swere be Godes myght! 
I wylle fette horn owr bestes, and helpe that the wer deght*'* 

The goodman to the feeld hyed hym fulle yarne ; 
The godwyfe made butter, her dedes war lulle derne, 
She toke ayen the butter-melke and put het in the cheyme. 
And seid yet off on pynt owr syer shalbe to lerne. 

Home come the goodman and toke good kype, i 

How the wyfe had layd her flcsche for to stepe : I 

She sayd, '* Sir, al thes day ye ned not to slepe, 
Kype wylle owr chelderne and let them not wepe, 

'* Yff yow goo to the kclme malt for to make, I 

Put smal feyr ondernethe, sir, for Codes sake ; 
The kelme fs lowe and dry, good tend that ye take. 
For and het fastyn on a feyr it wylb[e] eville to blake. 

** Her sitt ij. gese abrode, kype them whylle from woo. 
And thei may com to good, that wylle w^esk sorow i-now/' 
'* Dame," seid the goodmane, ** hy the to the plowe, 
Teche me no more howsewyfre, for I can i-nowe/' 


Forthe wetit the goodwyff, curies and hende, 

Sche callyd to her lade, and to the plowe they wend ; 

They wer bese al day, a fytte here I fynde/ 

And I had dronke ones, ye shalle heyre the best behyiid/* 

A fytte. 
Here begenethe a noder fytte, the sothe for to sey, 



From AddlL MS. No. 5665. foL 50* v«. in the BHtwh Museum, writlen 
apparejitly in tlie reign of Henry VIII. 

Y have ben a foster lange and nrieney day, 
My lockes ben hore, foster woll y be no more ; 

Y shall honge up my home by the grene wode spray, 
My lockes ben here, ffoster will y be do more. 

Alle tho whiles that y may my bowe bende, 

Shall y wedde no wyffe, my bowe bende, shall y wedde no 

I shall bygge me a boure atte the wodes code, 
Ther to lide my lyffe^ att the wodes ende, ther to lede my 


_______ ^'rt. 


The following fragments of an early rhythmic^] Latin poem on tlie 
Miracles of St. Nicholas, are written in different parU of MS. Cotton. 
Tiberius B. V. of the onti of the tenth century. They are cunuufl ilUi9tration« 
of the hiitory of Middle Age Lalin verse. The lines are arranged as in the 
MS. with ihe exception of the last fragment, which is there arranged in 
very long lines consi^fing of two lines as here printed. All the peculiaritiea 
of the MS. are carefully preserved. The assonance of these Terses is very 

I. lb!. 74, r*. 

In Litiee provintia fiiit quidam Christicola, 

Post transitum sancti>^simi Nicholai pontificis; 
Hie de myitis divitiis ad paupertatera rediit, 

Cujiis press us miseriiB quendam J ode urn aditt, 
Rogans ut aurum misero accommodaret mutuo^ 

Uiide posset adquirere victum sine dedecore. 
Tunc Judeus pacifice dat responsum ChristicolsD, 

Quicquid a me petieris cito habere jmteris ; 
Si vis auruna recipere, fidejussorem tribue^ 

Vel tale vadimonium quod sit valens ad debitum. 



Nullus est, inquid, proximus, qui de me sit soUicitus^ 

Sed altare ponlilicis dabo in loco pigneris, 
Ut si ingratus fuem, et I ua non reddidero, 

De me vindictam facial, quae omnibus appareat. 
Dixit Judeus perfido, Nicholaiim non respuo^ 

Nam in ejus presenLia nulla latet fallatia. 
Tali pacto catholic us aurum recepit callidus. 

Qui in paucis temporibus effectus est ditissiraus^ 
Tandem ille qui prestitit debitorem commonuit, 

Ne diutius differat reddere quod acceperat. 
Ad haec ille, quod habui jam diu est quod reddidit 

Tu habes, et nunc repelis quasi noiidum receperis. 
Tunc Judeus expalluit, et admirans ingemuit, 

NicHOLAUMqne invocat, ne hoc inuUum guflerat. 
Si jusjurandum feceris super altare presulis, 

Quicquid cogor exigere floccipendo araittere. 
Christianus excogitat qualiter hunc decipiat ; 

Aurum includit concavo quod debebat in baculo. 
Judeo fraud is nescio istud aiirnm cum baculo 

Ad portandum coramittitur, sicque dum fallit fallitur. 
Tali fretus astutia, perjurare non dubitat, 

Ut innocens appareat^ et verum sit quod dixerat. 
Immemor bencficii jurat quod aurum reddidit, * 

Quasi victor exhilarat, redire vult ad propria. 
Sed cum venit ad bivium, oppressus somno nimium, 

Ire ultra non potuit, suppinus ibi jacuit. 
Per viam ipsam pariter pkustrum ducebant homines. 

Clamant, monent ut fugiat, ne domiiens intereat. 
Jacet ille culpabilis velut lapis immobilis, 

Donee rota volubilis vent rem cum ligno content. 
Tunc apparet dolositas quee in ligno latuerat, 

Morsque stuUi tarn subtta falso jurasse C4jnprobat. 
Advolans fama exiit, aures Jodei percutii, 

Nuntians quod accideratde inorte lam terrifica. 
NicHOLAEi presulum decus et honor omnium. 

Jam diu est quod com peri te esse servum Domini ; 
Tua maxima bonitas, atque fortis juslitia, 

Compellit me Judaicam relinquere perfidiam. 
[Almodo jam Cbristicola fiam per tua merita^ 

[Ut] possim tecum pcrtVui ^eternee vita:! gaudiis; 
[I]d precor ut qui merilo migravit ex hoc seculo, 

[H]unc vit« restitua^, ne corruat in tartara. 
[Tantjo fit exorabilis Nicholaus rairabilis, 

[Ad] vitam functum revocat, qui mox aurum restituat* 
[Toltus mundus hoc audiat, NicHOLAUMque diligat, 

[Qui] rectara tenens regulam nullam amat fallatiam. 



,ujdam paterfamilias multas habens divilias, 
[E]rat solitus pergere ad liiiiina secclesioe ; 
Ijn qua corpus sanctissimi humatura jaoet presulis, 
[Ajtque quotannis debiia persolvere munuscula, 
[A] se facturum vasculura pollicitus est ificlituiii, 

[In] hotiore sanctissimi NicHOLAt poritiiicis. 
[Tajndem qucritur aurifex doctus in tali opere, 

[Q,]ui pulchre aciat sculpere, auro gemmas inserere, 
[Unjioiies cum Jaspide auro miscet Arabipe, 

!A] Salomoms tempore vix fuit opus simile, 
actum est vas aureum cuivis rcgi congruum, 
Ljapidibus circumdatum, mirifice compositum- 
[Sc]d pulchritiido vasculi oculos dantis illicit, 

[T]rahens ad avaritiam per demoiiis invidiam* 
[Qu]od sua sponte voverat, abnegare nou dubitat, 

[ Ve] rtens ad usus proprios rednuit dominio ; 
[Rujrsus aunfex queritutp cui aurum commitlitur, 

[J] abet vas restituere quod sit priori simile. 
[11] le dat, iste recipit, cepto insistens operi 

fLjaborare oon desinit, et tamen nichil proficit. 
[InJ strum ena defitiunt, naturam perdit obrizura, 

[VJelut vitrum perfragile gemma* ruuot ab opere, 
[Cejrneus magister propriani nil valere industriam, 

[Sijmul in unum colligit, aurum gemmasque reddidit. 
Cum prope esset annua Nicholai festivita^s. 

Miles iste cum ceteris navigare disposuit, 
Cum uxore et filio, servos ducit quam plurimos, 

Qui sibi necessarium adimpleant obsequium. 
Sed cum foret in pelago^ pater petit a filio, 

Ut predictura vas capiat sibique potum tribuat. 
Currens puer quantotius, arripit sciphum promtulus, 

Quern priusquara miscuerit refrigidare voluit* 
Qui cum in aqua tinguitur, de manibus elabitur, 

Sed cum cupit retrahere simul ruit in equore. 
Exclamat pater pueri, suffundens ora lacrimis, 

De tua morte juvenis omnLno sum culpabilis- 
Te, NicHOLAE, deprecor, indulge mihi misero, 

Nee vicem tanti criminis rependas ut proraerui* 
Ut quid dixi mendacia nulla pressus inopia, 

Nulla mihi necessitas incumbebat nee orbitas. 
Utcumque lamentabilis miles ad terram exiit, 

Nola limina repetit Nicholai pontificis. 
Non est ulla facundia quae narrare prevaleat. 

Quantum se accusaverit, vel quam amare fleverit. 
Tandem post multas lacrimas offert ingrata munera, 
VOL. n. 2 c 


Quae aurifex reddiderat, nunquam sancto placentta* 
At gloriosus pontifex indignaos tali munere, 

Mox ab altari reppulit quicquid miles apposuit. 
Tunc res aperte claruit, qua propter inJkns periit, 

Qui tenere non poterat sciphum quod pater voverat. 
Dum in sacris solemniis festa peragunt populi, 

Et sua infortunia plangit paterfamilias, 
Ecce puer ingreditur sciphum ferens in manibus. 

Qui corda contuentium mox convertit in gaudium* 
Currit pater exanimis, ruens in coUum filii^ 

Attonitus pre gaudio vix potest fari puero. 
Tandem post pia oscula pater natum inlerrogat, 

Quomodo se habuerit quando in undis corruit. 

IL foL 67, f». 

[I]nfit ille, Cum cecidi, senex michi apparuit, 

Venustatis angelica in veneranda spetie, 
[C]ui ut mater piissimatenuit inter brachia, 

Michique sciphum tradidit, et dixit, Ne timueris. 
[QJualiter me eduxerit de tarn magnis pericuUs, 

Egomet ipse nescio, sed mirans adhuc stupeo ; 
[H]oc unum tamen recolo, quod, educto de pelago, 

Ductor oatendit semitam ducentem ad a^cclesiam, 
[T]unc subito arripuit sciphum de manu filii, 

Atque libenti aiiimo offert spectante populo. 
[Clunctis mare currentibus Nicholaus est cognitus, 

Cui quasi preposito vota reddunt ex debito. 


ANDALORUM exercitus, ab Affricanis partibus 

Causa predandi exiens ad terram Calabritidem, 
[P]assim per agros homines depredantur et pecudes, 

[E]t quisquis prout potuit obtima queeque rapuit, 
[U]nus sancti imaginem Nicbolai inveniens, 

Quam ne viderent socii in sinu suo contegit, 
[E] t quia pulchre fuerat et decenter composita, 

SepiMS illam visitat, et cujus sit interrogate 
[Chrisjtiani mirabilem intuentes imaginem, 

Dicunt hiec est notissimaNicKoLAi ichonia. 
[Sli in Deum crediderit quisquis earn habuerit, 

becurus sit quod omnia venient sibi prospera, 
[V]ir iste de quo loquimur erat telonearius. 

Myitis habundans opibus, nondum tamen cathoUcus; 
[Q]ui reversus in proprio dum sederet ospitio, 

Vestes et quicquid habuit in aperto exposuit, 
[I]n pariete desuper Nicholaus appensus est. 



Cui jubet ut omnia fideliter custodial ; 
[H]ic commendat imagini, quasi viventi homini, 

Hinc secums ad alia profcctus est negotia. 
[P]er noctem fares veniunt, qui omnia diripiunt, 

Pretcr solam imaginem tollentes suppellectilera, 
[Sjumrao mane vir remeat, qui res suas commiserat, 

Quas tristis cum non invenit, imaginem arripuit, 
[Djicens, Nicholae, tuam male Tidi custodiauij 

Quia fidum te credidi omnia mea perdidi, 
[TJestor deos et omnia quecomque cob idola. 

Si mea non reddideris, subjacebis incendiis, 
[H]sec dicendo acerrime staluam cedit undique, 

Ac si sentire valeat illata sibi vulncra. 
[PJost quam se vindicaverat, nee ilia contra murmurat. 

In pariete collocat, de quo ante pepeoderat. 
[IJnde sanctus ad vesperam Nicholaus rememorans 

Quanta illius statua perpessa est obprobria, 
[PJergit ad diversorium quo latrones conveniunt, 

lit inter se distribuant quod per furtum abstulerant, 
[0] vos, ait, furciferi, quid est quod hie dividitia I 

Pro vestris latrocioiis afflictus sum injuriis ; 
[Dje vestro patrimouio non est istud quod video, 

Nam in mea custodia hwc fuerunt reposita. 
[N]e per meum indicium incurratis periculum, 

Et publicem vos omnibus, reportate quantocius. 
[SJic locutus disparuit, latronibus exterritis; 

Mox omnia restituunt, ne incurrant periculum. 
[M]ane teloneario consurgente de lectulo. 

Ilium ]ocum revisitat in quo sua perdiderat ; 
[S]ed cum venit ad hostium, repperiens quce sua sunt^ 

Nemo fari sufficiet quam alacer effectus est. 
[P]re gaudio tripudiat, cuncta respuens idola; 

Christianus efficitur, quo nichil est salubrius* 
[Sane] to per cujus merituiia hoc accidit miraculura, 

Fabricavit ecclesiam mirifice compositam. 
[SJemper ex illo tempore NiceoLAUM gens Afliice 

Pre omibus provintiis miro amore coluit, 
[N]on est in omni seculo Christianorum regio, 

IJbi non slnt a^cclesiae ejus nomini dedita; 
[Cjujus nomen sic occupat omnes terras et maria, 

Ejus sit intercessio nobis criminum demplio ! 


CELI letentur ordines, congaudens tell us jubilet, 
Pro beati piissima Nicholai memoria^ 
[Q]ui in eetate lenera pendens ad matris ubera. 



Ostendit abstinentifB exemplum memorabile* 
[QJuarta cum sexta feria mammotreptus dam fuerat, 

Serael lactatus ubere vitabat ultra tangere. 
[P]ost mortem patris unicus hseres remansit filius, 

Qui suum patrimonium vertit in usus paupemm. 
[V]icums huic aderat, qui habebat tres filias, 

Quas fomicari statiiit, licet fuisset nobilis, 
[TJunc misemm artaverat tanta panis inopia. 

Quod pauper factus vivere volebat cum dedecore. 
[S]ed cariiate fervidus Nicholaus juveuculus 

Extinxit illud vitium per trinitatis numemm. 
[NJondum factus episcopus, auro dato virginibus, 

Fugat patris infamiam ct filiarum reprobam* 
[TJalibus beneficiis indolis tant© juvenis 

Divinitus promeruit presul prepotens fieri. 
[E]x hinc nautas in Bequore fractos adverse flamine, 

Seque vocantes, visitat, dura loquerentur talia : 
[N]icHOLAE, si vera sunt quae de te plures referunt, 

Succurre nobis citius, ne obruamur fluctibus. 
[Plre timore periculi clamantibus apparuit. 

Quern invocant se indicat, Nichqlaum se nominal, 
[Alntemnis et nidentibus et armamentis pluribus, 

Postquam mare injecerat, tumida placat eequom. 
[NJaucIeri AlexandrisD obstupuerunt valide. 

Cum farris abandantiam aspicerent superfluam. 
[Dlemetientes integra mensurfr reddunt pondera, 

Preter illud quod habuit Nicholaus ut petiit- 
[H]oc revelantc pessimae patuerunt insidiee, 

Quas Diana fantastico mittebat pro munusculo* 
[DJeferentes ut jaciunt in mare mateficium, 

Velut foniax exestuatj et quicquid tangit concremat. 
[T]res juvenes innoxLi morti fuerunt dediti, 

Quos liberavit validam solutes per potentiam. 
[C]onstantinus non miiltum post captos tenebat alios ; 

Sed quod a morte eruit, dicam qualiter accidit, 
[SJuperba gens de Frigia rcgi negabat debita. 

Ad quam digne reprimere tres duces jubct pergere- 
[S]ed cum redirent prospere, hoste devicto robore, 

Aliqui per invidiam invenerunt fallaciam ; 
[M]entlti sunt quod socii, Arpileon et cseteri. 

Reges volebant fieri, ablato regno CEesari, 
[TJantse capud matitia? fuit corruptus munere 

Prefectus, cujus fraudibus truduntur in carceribus, 
[P]ost haec jubet rex presidi innocentes interimij 

Ne simili superbia aliquis tale faciat* 
tC]arcerali custodiae notse fiunt insidiie ; 



Noctu patrantur omnia sicut judex precaperat; 
f J]ustos audi to funere venit ad clausos carcere, 

Sed noil valet abscondere, quia defluunt lacrimae. 
[Q]ui videntes pallidum custodem preter solitum^ 

Si quid de se audierat attoniti interroganL 
[S]ilete, inquit, juvenes, de vol>is totum factum est. 

Nam vita? veslrae terminus appropinquabit citius. 
[D]e vestra morte callidum judex dedit consilium^ 

Preparans ut vos perimat antequam lux appareat; 
[Q]uia plaoctus et lacrimse nequeunt vos redimere. 

Virtus vobis altissima in hac nocte sub venial. 
[Q]uis enarrare valeat quanta fuit tristitia. 

Quae in eorum cordibiis versabatur interius, 
[S]ed cum nemo mortalium dare posset auxilium, 

Nee fieret effugium evadendi periculum ; 
[R]ediit ad memoriam quando mare transierant. 

Quod NicHOLAiJM viderant, cui se comniendaverant, 
[IJccirco hunc pre omnibus orant in suis precibus, 

Ut qui alios liberat, servos suos non negligat, 
[Ejadem hora concite fidus suorum opifex, 

Constaotinuminterrogat utrum dormit an vigilat; 
[Q]uo sciscitante, tu, quis es, qui sic ad me ingressus esl 

Sanctus lespondet, Litise Nicholaus sum pontifex, 
[C]ompatiens hue veneram, stratilates ne pereant, 

Quos ne tangas precipio nisi vis mori subito ; 
[S]cias quod rex fortior te bellum raovebit contra te, 

Cujus forti victoriae non valebis resistere ; 
[S]i ad pugnam exieris, et cum eo te junxerisj 

Victus eris et mortuus, eo quod es incredulus. 
[P]ostquam regem terruerat, ocior vento advolat, 

Et durius exterritat qui eos accusaverat. 
[I]mpie, latro, proditor, digneexitu misero. 

Pro tua avaritia recipies supplicia • 
[C]onsumptus eris vermibus veluti canis putridus, 

A te fetente longius fugiet omnis populus. 
[S]ed hac vice propitius tuis parcam sceleribus. 

Si penitens ex titer is de hoc quod male egeris* 
[Q]uo audito prepositus de lectulo excutitur, 

Pavefactus per tenebras venit ad fores regias; 
[A]ntequam preses venerat, imperator surrexerat, 

Minasque sibi plurimas furibundus intorserat. 
[l]lle verbis pacificis regem placare studuit, 

Excusans se de criraine, captos jubet adducere; 
[Q]ui statim regi traditi, mortem expectant pavidi^ 

Gemunt, sudant formidine, non putant ora vivere. 
[Ijnterrogat rex milites, Nicholaub hie ubi est, 



Qui pro sua dementia velim nolim vos liberal. 
[A]d nolum nomen presulis, exclamant fasis lacrirais, 

Toliunt manusad sidera, laudaiit Dei magnalia^ 
[Rjespondenles in Licia Mirreorum est ci vitas. 

In quo pontifex habitat, quem Dominus glorificat, 
[D]e ilUus prudentia ac forti pacientia, 

Nusquam vidimus hominem, tarn bontun nee 
humilem ; 
[P]re cteteris virtu ti bus quanim null us est numerus^ 

Fulget in eo caiitas, quse omnium est maxima, 
[C]ujusorationibus nos simul commendavimus, 

Quando navali prelio fuimus contra barbaros j 
[I]bi prout potuimus fideles tibi fuimus. 

Nam parva manu militum plures vicimus liostium, 
[Q]ui rebelles extiterant, et se dari vix poteraut, 

Subjectos tibi fecimus et miliores ovibus* 
[P]ro talibus serviciis ad mortem sumus traditi. 

Nisi Deusnos eruat per Nicbolai merita, 
[Qjuis habuit tarn ferreura pectus, vel cor lapideum. 

Quod non molliret pietas, humanitatis gratia T 
[Q]ui presentes astiterant continere non poteraut, 

Multis excussit lacrimas militum eioquentia, 
[N]am tandem rex placabilis juvenes jubet indui^ 

Heparans amicitiam quam primitus habuerant ; 
[D]einde ait, Munera ex parte mea plurima 

Ferte sancto pontifici, de quo tanta loquimini ; 
[I]n verbis ejus comperi quia non estb perfidi, 

Sed suo testimonio fideles in servicio, 
[Vlalde Deo est proximus Nicholaus espiscopus, 

Per quem tanta miracula ostenduntur per s€cula. 
[Q]uod vivitis et sapitis, quod facti estis liberi, 

Totum illius bonitas fecit atque dementia. 
[Ojffertc sibi munera, textus atque candelabra. 

Qua? in mei mcmoria suscipere non renuat, 
[E]go et mei filii sui erimus famuli, 

Pro quibus Deo supplicet, nee ultra me terrificet. 
[S]icalacres cum munere naves ascendunt concite, 

NicHOLAO in Litia grates reddunt innumeras, 
[Tlerramarique novimus Nicholavm pre omnibus 

Succurere qoantocius cunctis se invocantibus. 
[D]um sumus in hoc seculo postulemus a Domino, 

Ut hnjus sancti precibus conjungamur caelestibus. 




III, fol. 77, fo. 


4CAMUS Deo gloriam, percujus providentiam, 
NicHotAUs fit propior quam foret ab initio; 
[H]inc defleat gens Gretiae et finitimi Asieb, 

Mirreaque praecipue, qu£e tanto caret hospile, 
[C]ujus fecit ofTensio ne haberetiii proximo 

Patronum tautsG gratise, nee talis excelientiae. 
[Pjacig amator extilit dum in seculo floruit, 

Post transitum pacifi€4>s semper diligit populos^ 
[F]ugit Turcos et Pincenas, scilicet gentes pessimas, 

Qua! creatori omnium nullum reddunt officium. 
[Vjalde Deo amabilis urbs Varensis promeruit 

NiCHOLAUM cum gaudio suscipere ospicio. 
[VJarenses et Venetici, cum navibus firmissimis, 

Sepe transcurrunt maria mercationis gratia. 
[]\Ilodo nostrb tcmporibus plenis frumento ratibus, 

Post Myrrete provinciaio venerunt Antiochiam. 
[FJarribus ibi vcnditis, divinitus admoniti, 

Inveneruot consilium nutu Dei dispositum, 
[U]t redeuntes tumulam sancti Irangant mannoreum, 

Cum instrumentis fcrreis paratis huic operi, 
[P]er voluntatem Domini et auxilio praesulis, 

Intravcrunt iccclesiam ut facerent quod dixerant, 
[C]uF^todes ibi quatuoi inventi sunt in atrio, 

Qui extraliunl peniculo liquorem more solito; 
[Hli putantes quod solita vellent offerre munera, 

Non dubitaot ostendere quicquid volunt inspicere, 
[Tlunc unus e Varensibus^ audax etfortis viribus, 

Ferreum ferens malleum, de quo percussit tumulum, 
[E]k quo ictu per plurimas partes scinditur tabula, 

Et odoris flagrantia exit tarn suavissima, 
[Ujt quasi esscnt positi in paradiso Domini, 

Ivullara sperabant alteram post banc futuram gloriam. 
[Hjinc thesaurum arripiunt excellens omne pretium, 

Impellunt rates pelago, vela dant ventis subito, 
[P]rospera navigatio letos perduxit socios, 

Qui corpus venerabilis defercbant pontificis. 
[QJuidam nauta desidius per somnium est monitus. 

Cut dixit, ne paveas, quia strenue navigas, 
[CJursui tuo terminus herit dies vicesiraus, 

Interea in pelago nulla fit commotio. 
[U]t dictum est, sic accidit, sanclus ad ripamexiit, 

Cui gaudeng Apulia tota concurrit obvia. 
[M]iraculorum copia facta per ejus merita 
Commovet vokiotarium de toto orbe populum. 


[D]ives et pauper properant, qualiter locum videant^ 

Ubi sanaiitur languidi tacti liquore olei, 
[C]omites et episcopi, abbates et presbyteri, 

Et orone genus hominum, currunt ad sancti tumulum* 
[A]estas, hiems, et maria, non retardant ituiera 

Peregrinorum hospitura ad ipsum coiicarrentium ; 
[F]it grata remanentium devotio fidelium 

Christo, qui suum famulum facit ubique cognitum. 
[T]e, NicHOLAE, petimus, ut qui ire non possumus, 

Sim us bonorura omnium parlicipes euntium, Amsn. 



Ffom MS* HhtI. No. dl3, ful. 13, vo. comfmred with MS. IlarL No. 2051, 
where it k entitled, Jncipit Mu$a Gulonii, 

Incipit Missa de potatoribm. 

V^, Introibo ad altare Bachi. ij. Ad eum qui letificat 
cor bominis. 

CONFITEOR reo Bacho omnepotanti, et reo vino colons 
rubei, et omnibus ciphis ejus, et vobis potatoribus, me nimis 
gulose polasse per nimiam nauseam rei Bachi dei mei potatione, 
sternutatione, ocitatione maxima, mea crupa, mea maxima 
crupa.* Ideo prccar beatissimum Bachum, et omnes cipbos ejus^ 
et vos fratres potatores, ut potetis pro me ad dominum reum 
Bachum, ut misereatur mci. Misereatur vestri ciphipotens 
Bachus, et permittat vos pcrdere omnia vestimenta vestra, et 
perducat vos ad majorem tabernam, qui bibit et potat per omni_ 
pocula poculorum, Stramen. Crapulanciam et [absorbutionem}' 
et perditionem omnium vestimentorum vestrorum tribuat vobis 
cipbipotens Bachus, [per talem declum dominum nostrumj, 
Stratnen, Deus tuus conversus letificabis nog, Et plebs tua 
potabitur in te. Ostende nobis, domine, letitiam tuam. Et 
perditionem vestimentorum da nobis* Dolus vobiscum. Et 
cum gemitu tuo, Potemus. Oralio. 

AUFER a nobis quesumus, Bacbe, cuncta vestimenta nostra^ 
ut ad taberna poculorum nudis corporibus mereamur in* 
troire per omnia pocula poculorum, Stramen. Jniraiius. 

LUGEAMUS omnes in decio, diem mestum deplorantes 
subhonoret quadrati decii, de cujus jactatione plangunt 
miseri et perjurant filium dei, V\ Beati qui habitant in, 

• MS. Hart* 2861, readi here, ^uUi eqo pciator potavi nimU, bibm 
ludendot vcsiimtnta mea perdendo^ mea crupa^ and omiU Uie next 
several other paragraphs -, in two instaoces it haa man\fHt€tttr for misertatMrr^ 

t MS. Harl. 28^1, has c^lebrantct tub ertQre, 


taberna [tua, Baclie] , et meditabitur ibi die ac nocte. V\ G loria 
potori et filio Londri. Asiot, Ambisasiot, treisasiot, quinsioti 
quitisasiot, sinsasiot, quernisiot, quernisasiot, deusasiot, V^. 
Dolus vobiscum. Et coin gemitu tuo. Potemus, Oratio. 

Deus qui multitodiiiein rusticorum ad servitium clericorum 
venire fecisti et militum, et inter nos et ipsos discoidiam 
seminasti, da nobis quesumus de eoram laboribus vivere^ et 
eorum uxoribus uti, et de mortificatione eorum gauderfe, per 
donimum nostrum reum Bachum, qui bibit et poculat per omnia 
pocula poculorum- Stramen. [. * . ^1 tiium ajmrtatricum {\) 

Indiebus nuUis^ multiitidinis bibentium erat cor unum et omnia 
communia, nee quisquam eorum quod possidebat suum esse 
dicebat, Sed qui vendebat spolia, afierebat ante pedes pota* 
torumt et erant illis omnia comraynia. Et erat qiiidam Londrus 
Bomine, pessimns potator, qui accomniodabat potatoribus ad 
ludum prout vestis valebat. Et sic faciebat lucra et dampna 
e poculo- Et eicientes eum extra tabernam lapidabant, De- 
jectio autem fiebat vestiraentorum ejus, et dividebatur po- 
tatio unicuique prout opus erat. R, Jacta cogitatum tuum 
in decio, et ipse te destruet.* V\ Ad dolium enim potatorem 
inebriavit me. Asiat, asiat. V\ Rorate ciphi desuper, et 
Bubes pluant mustumi aperiatur terra et germinet potatorem. 
Dolus vobiscum. Et cum ^emitu tuo, Frequentia falsi ewan- 
gelii secundum Bachum. Fraus tibi^ rustice* [In illo turbine.] 
S,* Bachum, 

In verno tempore, potatores loquebantur ad invicem, [dicen* 
tes] ,Transeamus usque [ad] tabernam, et videamus hoc ver- 
bum quod dictum est de dolio hoc. Intrant es autem tabernam, 
invenerunt tabernariam et tres talos positos in disco, Gustantes 
autem de mero hoc, cognoverunt quia verum erat quod dictum 
fuerat illis de dolio hoc. Etomnes qui ibi aderant inebriati sunt 
dehiisqua? data fueraut a potatoribus ad ipsos. Tabemaria autem 
contemplabat vestes eorum, conferens in corde suo si valerent. 
Et denudati sunt potatores glorificantes Bachum, et maledi- 
centes decium* Dolus vobiscum. Et cum gemitu tuo. Po- 
temus. O^A Ciphi evacuant copiam Bachi, et os potatorum 

* The other US. reads here, ct ip$« te destruet. Allccia Ad dolitim cum 
itiebriarer clumaviy et exspoHavit me. Allecia* EuvangeL Dolus vobii- 
cum, etc, 

t The other MS.reada here, Off. O vinam ibrttsiimum veiii inebfiaodum, 
et noU tardare ; acclpite enim c|iiod vobts pnralum est vitb. SaDCtiu eolDi 
dkitur Qg;tius rei qui roUit taloa In disco. Miserere imdb. 3u. A^as rei 
qui rollit talos in disco, doaa nudii paunot * Pax iioti datur, etc. 

VOL, II, 2 D 



rsliqui^ antique. 

nauseant usque ad fundauieiituin. Non cantatui sanctus, nee 
aguus dei, sed pax detur cum gladiis et fustibus. Pater noster 
qui es in ciphis, sanctificetur vinum islud, Adveniat Bachi 
potus, fiat tempestaa tua sicut in vino et in tabenia, panem 
nostrum ad devorandum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis pocula 
magna sicut et nos di mittimus potatoribus nostris, et ne no3 in- 
duces in vini temptationem, sed libera nos a vestimento* Co* 
Gaudent animm potatorum, qui Bachi vestigia sunt secuti, et 
quia pro ejus amore vesles suas perdiderunt, imo cum Bacho 
in villi doiiuni. Dolus vobiscum. Et cum gemitu iuo. Po- 
temus. Oratio* 

Deus, qui tres quadratos decios, .Lv* lij**, oculis illuminasti, 
tribue nobis quesumus, ut nos qui vestigia eorum sequi- 
mur, jactatione quadrati decii a nostris pannis exuamur. per d- 
DoIuB vobiscumj etc, Ite bursa vacua* Reo gratias. 


From MS. Har). Ko« 013, fol* 54, v** of the b^ginLng of tbe fourteenth 


Elde makith me geld, and growen al grai ; 

When eld me wol feld, nykkest Ihcr no nai ; 

Eld nul meld no murthes of mai ; 

When eld me wol aw^elc^, mi wele is a-wai ; 

Eld wol keld, and cling so the clai. 

With eld I mot held, and hicn to mi dai. 

When eld blow id he is blode, his ble is sone abatid ; 

Al we wilnith to ben old, wy is eld i-hatid 1 

Moch me anueth. 
That mi drivil druith, 

and mi wrot wet ; 
Eld me awarpeth, 
That mi schuldren scharpith, 

and jouthe me hath let, 
Ihc ne mai no more 
Grope under gore, 

thoj mi wil wold jete ; 
Y-joket ic am of ^ore. 
With last and luther lore, 

and sunne me hath bi*set. 


I-set ic am with sunne, 
That I ne mai nojt munne 

Don murthis with muthe ; 
Eld me hath amarrid, 
Ic wene he be bi-charrid^ 

that trusteth to jtithe, 

Al thus eld me for-dede. 
Thus he toggith ute mi ted, 

and drawith ham on rewe ; 
Y ne mai no more of love done, 
Mi pilkoc pisseth on mi schone^ 

uch schenlon* me bischrewe. 
Mine hed is hore and al for- fare, 
I-hewid as a grei mare, 

mi bodi wexit lewe.t 
When I bihotd on mi schennen, 
Min dimmith al for-dwynnen, 

mi frendis waxitb fcwe. 

Now I pirtle, I pofte, I poute, 

I snurpe, I snobbe, I sneipe on snoute^ 

throj kund I oomblo and kelde ; 
I lench, I len, on lyme I lasse, 
I poke, I pomple, I palle, I passe^ 

as gallith eome 1 geld ; 
I rivele, I roxle, I rake, I rouwe, 
I clyngi I cluche, I croke, I couwe, 

thus he wol me aweld. 
I grant, I grone, I grenue, I gruche, 
I nase, I neppe, I nifle, I nuche, 

and at this wilneth eld, 

I stunt, I stomere, I stomble as eledde, 
I blind, I bleri, I bert in bedde, 

such sond is me sent ; 
I spitte, I spatle in spech, I sporne, 
I werne, I lutle, ther-for I murne, 

thus is mi wel i-went, 

I spend, and marrit is mi main. 
And wold wil mthe ajayn, 

as fa!c I falow and felde. 


* A gloss in the ori^inat explains thb word b^, J, putr, 
f i. d$bile. C]09» In the oHgiiittK 


I was heordmon, nou am hoUe^ 
Al folk of ma beth wel folle, 

such willing is after elde. 

Sec wouw spakky he me spent, 
Uch toth fram other is trent, 

arerid is of rote. 
The tuDge wlaseth wend ther with, 
Lostles lowteth in uch a lith, 
I mot be ther eld bith, 

he fint me under fete. Amen* 



From MS. Camb. Pab. lib. Ft ▼. 48^ of the fideenUi century. 

Mary moder, wel thow be ! 

Mary mayden, thynk on me ; 

Maydyn and moder was never non 

To the, lady, but thou allon. 

Swete Mary, mayden clene, 

Shilde me fro all shame and tene ; 

And out of syn, lady, shilde thou me. 

And out of det, for charity. 

Lady, for tlii joyes fy ve, 

Gyf me grace in this life 

To know and kepe over all thyng 

Cristyn feath and Goddis biddyng, 

And truly wjmne all that is nede 

To me and myne, bothe cloth and fede, 

Helpe me, lady, and alle myne, 

Shilde me, lady, fro hel pyne, 

Shilde me, lady, fro viiany. 

And fro alle wycked cumpany, 

Shilde me, lady, fro evel shame, 

And from all wyckid fame- 

Swete Mary, mayden mylde, 

Fro the fende thou me shilde. 

That the fende me not dere j 

Swete lady, thou me were 

Bothe be day and be nyit ; 

Helpe me, lady, w^th alle thi myjt, 

For my frendis, lady, I pray the. 

EELIQUIjE aktiqujl. 213 

That thei may saved be 

To ther soulis aiid ther life, 

Lady, for thi joyes f^^ve. 

For myn enimys I pray also, 

That ttei may here so do, 

That thei nor I in wrath dye; 

Swete lady, I the pray. 

And thei that be in dedly synne, 

Let hem never dye therin ; 

But swete lady, thou hem rede 

For to amende ther my seede. 

Swete lady, for me thou pray to hevyn kyng. 

To graunt me howsiil, Christe, and gode endyng. 

Jhesu, for thi holy grace, 

In heven blisse to have a place; 

Lady as I trust in the, 

These prayers that thou graunt me ; 

And I shall, lady, her belj^ve 

Grete the with avys fyve, 

A pater noster and a crede, 

To helpe me, lady, at my nede* 

Swete lady, full of wynne. 

Full of grace and gode within, 

As thou art flour of alle thi kynne, 

Do my synnes for to blynne. 

And kepe me out of dedly sywie. 

That 1 be never takyn therin* 



From the same manuicript. 

Off alle women that ever were borne. 
That berys childre, abyde and se 
How my son liggus me beforne, 
Upon my kne, takyn fro tre. 
Your childre je dawnse upon your kne. 
With la^yng, kyssyng. and mery chere ; 
Beholde my childe, beholde now me. 
For now Eggus ded my dere son dere. 

woman, woman, wel is the J 
Thy childis cap thou dose upon, 
Thou pykys his here, beholdys his ble, 
Tkow wost not wele when tnou hast done* 



But ever, alas ! I make my mone^ 
To se ray sonnys hed as hit is here ; 
I pyke owt thornys be on and on, 
For now liggus ded ray dere son dere* 

woman, a chaplet chosyn thou has. 

Thy cbilde to were hit dose tlie gret likyng ; 
Thou pymmes hit on with gret solas. 
And I sate with my son sore wepyng. 
His chaplet is thornys sore prickyng, 
His mouth I kys with a carfuU chcre ; 

1 sitte wepyng, and thou syng^Tjg, 
For now liggus ded ray dere son dere* 

O woman, loke to me agayn, 

That playes and kisses your childre pappys ; 

To se my son I have gret payn. 

In his brest so gret gapis, 

And on his body so many swappys ; 

With blody lippys I kis nym here ; 

Alas ! full hard me thynk me happ}^^ 

For now liggus ded my dere son dere. 

woman, thou takis thi childe be thi hand. 
And seis, *' my son, gif me a strok ;** 
My soimys handis ar sore bledand, 
To loke on hym me list not layke. 
His handis he saffyrd for thi sake 
Thus to be boryd with nayle and speyre ; 
When thou makes myrth, gret sorow I make, 
For now liggus ded my dere son dere- 

Beholde, women, when that ^e play, 
And base your childre on knees damsand, 
He fole therfor fitly s or day^ 
And to your sught'ful w^el likand; 
But the most fynger of any hande 
Thorow my sonnys fete I may put here. 
And pulle hit out sore bledand, 
For now liggus ded my dere son dere* 

Therfor, women, be tonfvn and strete. 
Your chidre handis when ^e beholde, 
Theyr brest, theire body, and theire fete. 
Then gode hit were an ray son ihynk ^e wolde, 
How care has made my hart full colde. 
To se my son with nayles and speyre. 


With scourge and thornys mony-folde, 
Woundit and ded, my dere son dere. 

Thou hase thi son full holl and sounde, 

And myn is ded upon my kne ; 

Thy childe is lawse, and myn is bonde. 

Thy childe is an life, and tnyn ded is he, 

Whi was this ojt but for the 1 

For my childe trespast never here. 

Me thynk |e be holdyn to wepe with me, 

For now liggus ded my dere son dere. 

Wepe with me, both man and wyfe. 
My childe is youres and lovys yow wele ; 
If your childe had lost bis life, 
5e wolde wepe at every mele ; 
But for my son wepe ^e never a deK 
If je luf youres, myne has no pere, 
He sendis yow both hap and hele, 
And for 50 w dyed, my dere son dere. 

Now alle wymmen that has your wytte. 
And sees my childe on my knees ded, 
Wepe not for yours, but wepe for hit, 
And je shall have ful mycull mede. 
He wolde agayn for your luf blede. 
Rather or that ^e damned were ; 
I pray yow alle to hym take hede ; 
For now liggus ded my dere son dere. 

Farewel, woman, I may no more 

For drede of deth reherse his payn ; 

Je may lagh when ae list, and I Tvepe sore. 

That may je se and 50 loke to me agayn. 

To luf my ^n and ^e be fayn, 

I wille luff yours with hert entere; 

And he shall bryng your childre and you, sertayn. 

To bUsse wher is my dere son dere. 





From MS, llarh No. Old, fol. 04, f- 

Whan erth hath erth i-wonne with wow. 

Than erth mai of erth niin hir i-now ; 
Erth up erth fallith ful frow;* 
Erth toward erth delful him drew. 

Of erth thou were makid, and mon thou art i-lich; 

In on erth awaked the pore and the riche. 

Terram per injuriara cum terra lucratur, 
Tunc de terra cepiani terra sortiatur. 
Terra super aream subito frustratur ; 
Se traxit ad aridam terraque tristatur, 

De terra plasmaris, es similis \nrroni ; 

Una terra pauperes ac dites sunt proni. - 

Erth geth on erth wrikkend in weden ; 

Erth toward erth wormes to feden ; 

Erth berith to erth al is lif deden ; 

When erth is in erthe, heo muntidt thi meden. 

When erth is in erthe, the rof is on the chynne ; 

Than schullen an hundred wormes wroteu on tlie skin, 

Vesta pergit vestibus super vestem vare ; 
Artatur et vermibus vesta pastum dare ; 
Ac cum gestis omnibus ad vestam migrare ; 
Cum vesta sit scrobibus quis wit suspirare ; 

Cum sit vesta posila doma tangit mentum ; 

Tunc in cute Candida verruntj vermes centum* 

Erth askith erth, and erth hir answerid, 

Whi erth hatid erth, and erth erth verrid ; 

Erth hath erth, and erth erth terilh; 

Erth geeth on erth, and erth