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Full text of "Remarks on a book entitled Memoirs of Gregorio Panzani. By the Rev. Charles Plowden. Preceded by an address to the Rev. Joseph Berington"

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.>lfy fiiittid^.srui^d me ^^ 1 b^f^ 
filRlBi totliB Mt&ofic pid>Iid; and that fince 
219ft 'BeriogfioA hsul utee%: diraiik ttcm 
«|W fonner tiontfoverfyytQ Tttkh be had 
pioybke^ me , it vould be d^ihonoorabls 
in me to ibfifer bim to. cry viSoty dn new 
ground , where he probably flatters him^ 
Ij^t^i cannot reach bim. Silence on my 
^art iJ9ght be conlbu&i into weqkndTs ; 
^$. I coofidier, Uiat though my Remarks 
.will not win over Mr. Berington to the 
lide of trudiy they may prevent many from 
bfing reduced by. him to the fide of &]&« 
hood, truth in the maxima Er*> 
. f^y €m Hon refifiuurf apfrdhatutt & vaitas^ 

am minifm dtfinfamr, opprimmr^t^ 

^fftc caret firuputo fidetads ocmlta.y qui 
■tmmifefto fad/tori ddQoit ohvlare. Oradan^ 
^. £m)r. 3. Diil 83. To oppofe Mir. ^ 
lingtcms manijifl endeavours to corrup«t 
jisirMtory, to overturn our eccleHafticai 
l^vanment^ and to &am a. party againft 
/OBf •Bi^iop9<> will be a deed of fiune merit 
in the efiimsktipn of thofe^;whp.refpe£t 
^leff fuicefiort «]d teve^ thek religidn; 

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Aid i fsmSx, afcira tbe adnht^: ef 
impri£bmti|; mitb in co^^iiiiiiMe corthciftti: 
nba always ieteDtin»^ OaiBe «ssa fbr* 
Bearance tha^ iix>ft>«iieafy<^ ^ctrben ^it.' 
kbown^iiisies cFtnidiiiBi^ea^Firutg «« 
the foreft hofiUid^s agiaioft it; ' v e:«^ 

in the to1l6yf;hii^ Re/Haj^Jti^'tin&BOi jg^ 
fii5tice orily'foriie of the tiibil j«ft»mheiit 
itiifiie^iikfeiitatidtts of te tftfkhoj'-, bedsiulft ' 
this Wilt (\iffice to diforediil &6 i^ftyMS* 
I iitn iTOt'iiovtr wiitkig 4 i$ftbrj^.. S<im»- 
fl^ sketches bfthe tifvk'Mt^ ^p^ 
fcund , «rtd' diey >wffl be' ^ tom pifiitSi 
p'ftMy ftom anciesit «!id aiiBi^irtJb Mfe'Sv^ 
vWth Lliiavfe t»y ittfe a ^ter jwaritifep^ 
Ma I "haV^ b^en able to pehjfe. ! M'V^ 
IbmetiAtes'M a thott^t if pfoStUmf 
re\^feral o^ttieiA before thi^ tiilitec , i^.'l 
My ' t^ftkps f Btrfite this thbiJ^ V'* 
the fnijai ^fitripffe ,• Vhfc*^ t!Hs' i^dft'-dW^ 
tarns ^ stiOiua procure tne^ luiiicieiA cii^ 
eonmg^tt^', ^q^iffilet: 'tfe'^ii^^itha ^ 
expeticetf the^ptjtilicatibd; . ' '. 


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xif )i KoSy fly TOmct'cBo&tii&Wy aT'xi 
^^be bifidrf of 6urBrit&h'ddatolidr, I !£at 
^ny tB«e Mr. Ikiat^ M t6tapi^ 
sneTtorp^tOc more dfiSi^fiitilti; tilS»dKd^ 

^ame- iM m fcanda! ^ciii;<biRP, "^ i^ 
preTenft day, froih ah aeWtf6wUs^iyeh:{ 
l«Eit^ our Utde c&m^'h ', ide IV^M^iitliir'^ 
laff'i^^ {bmfetiffliei agcaftedb^f' ii^'^ 
items of a .ftw troiibiefomi^ vSUMi^ 
m dieoioigy : and 1' ^ vxii Cx^i^ffE 
^offiA^e^, diiit ^ ^tofof tiklril^tUlti 

>»1^1riif tibeir doMl iiity oecMoSMr ftii 
ftas , whidi I ^ian mtd^ aie'^nibbt^ 
tb-iiEeath^ pielbit dei^ aM l^^oii 
tBOMnttiiiioR odierwife^ than ais thetrue li^ 
fce^ 6^a paft age alwiry^^ tSSbek die pic^iitl^ 
lif^iebiiveying an ufe^ldObn; an»)^p$lb^chf 
mijt'hi ttie tnoi^ fbrviceable 'to! Hk ^i 
IS&rtil^e, i^en ^. Bbrnigton b et^i 

mmmi f^m-a ^y^mk die pMtedf^ 

ilftd^i^ Ibiic^deatb air; Wid'M 
«»e!^lirite, wha^ not dlfaVb<«i^ hm^ 
!Ai liniunmitjr o^ tbe'x^ft of ^e v^nei^* 

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U^ 1b(N3arv«MicrfQa^ pr ngOar, Oieir 
g^vdy'fldbtreace,!^ tb^ir 3ishops ^ «» 
frtiiodox do^tWi J^ abboiTeiiQft ^Ncll^. 
di^ e^^fefi of Sflf * B«iiigto9s novelties , 
iSotdifijOCtto£oTtmfi prefumption, tbat be 
«j3| ' hjt uaable ,co increafe his. party i . and 
I >1ulP be v€Jl te«»dQd (or my trpoble^ 
tfit^lb fleets i^.teud to d^nuivb igu 
If the. Gentlemen, 'who have aflumed .^le 
<|Kflmaive tide iX Stafbrdshire Clergy , 
viU iionour thenp vkih a penifhl , they n;iay 
per^p^ .(iiibovi^ fame motives, to Isii^ 
tt J^ieir condefoenoeace, in accepdng, dte 
^ed^caijiOD of Mr. Benpgtons ia^^ woric : 
sod' if d^ 5iil iiQ( yet lelinqt^ die 
Oppo^ticHi to ep^copal authority > imp 
viUch.Mr. Beringipalias bfei(raj^|^ !^bv^; 
^raunly their owa credit will eog^ tbeoi 
^o felei6ttfor their chiefs a founder^^ieciio* 
i^, a mpre cpniH1)eiit logidan, a mpie 
loyal fubjedjt aod^ ^°'^'^. writjer. Vt^CHeg 
tis others should thiuk^^t^t die. la^igio^ 

lirwh^^ I addrefs^fhdr.pre^.l^^i i> 
fomedin^s rather, ii^gtjifijci^tive \ I , ^itf, ooty 


by Google 

ttves wbtch wiQ wppeat ^Wf -tMn^-^ 
ihat I am writing ao iihfwer^ an4 tbey msy 

St quh tfif qui dUhun in pt UukmoulM 
Xxifiimdflt tffc « :fic txlfltiia 1 J . 
JU/ponfump Mn diShun tjft, quia isfii pHvU' , ^ 

j2/{i5 4f rk 


Pi n. 1. 1$. Far leave JEeoif to Iwve 
aS-**?4* •— * Thomaf — Jtmci '• ' 
i^. — kS.— to ctrriea •— tobecalrried '^' 
5a.' -^14. •^ cxercice «^ tkeitift / ' , 1 
55.«-^a3. dele garii& 

iatf. ~ t7.^ N*. III. -^ !*•, m. imir-^ 
tgtf. — i^. ^- duabted" '^ doabted ' . '/ 

tn;^^ w; M» fiift ^ fifft 

-.1 j:' .T 

ai\ — » 



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■ II T mi^ 

A P t) R E S & - 

^-•••■.■'.•' *■• .. ,•: . ". • ,■■■■■.■ .-!•_ 

^^JEi^JlltEA&vldeftefMr. BeritigtoosMenoIrs of 
Bans^Di. p. i. .^ His habitual mirreprefeotacioa 
«f -ow deigynf. — ^it ftntagenTTo'ewtae^ tBft 
controverfy o^lii^^^^ bf^ pfinctoles.' 9.'.^ Sen- 
timents of oottteifey Relative to TMr. Beringtona 
Writings. M.^lVe^fdp fqx ?n8|efn^^».coi»Mt 
verfywith ^jr, ^ejingtbo. 15, r-i;TJ»« iaJboif •«!- 
T*"**^" ^!'> W^ ,coBirgywfy/ .jj..^ #iL^n« 
in It. 18. .vr-A^ff JIS'»«HI«pn5coniJj^.tp]ar'^"tlW 
•othor tP. •-!-»% Zifi|iii^.^/;w/i!«^>i«ftjt.q>id. 
]7l^s ■Fp''<tfia0-5f «'hy'f^or_on a^^ ^^ 
uialin .cx^miiiefj.-sa. — , Somett^igg ap^ tV^^i* 
of otjiijri5>o..a5^^,pjjT-,ctjapjp^ -87- 

•— The authQ^:^nj5ption$ v^ tifiirljr" ftftjed. ^j^ 
-^Mr. Beringtdns intentions difcbvere'd. 31.':.. A 
Temarkable intention of Mr. Berington examined. 33. 
*— An aflfertion of Mr. Berington difcufled. 35. 
•-. Conduft of modem reformers'. 38. — Imitated 
by Mr. Berington. 40. -. Mr. Berington a dange^ 

tous «dvetfary-why 48 Specimens of his ftyle. 

Cnote) gx. -- Mr. Berington a imut offime let' 
ters. ss. — His enon wilfU. $6- — He infolts 

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th« J«fflUf tOd l|tt 5?. ,r-?l»t ijipjidj jf \^0^. 
i^pU calupoy agaiia^ Ha^. Co.t^ "" 

. Qqmo CUfa^tlip ootlvf* to zitftt ^ «0ij|Mf> 
Af th? nttiqp.j^ T^ i^nffTf^ pf Pfi^l IV. it. 
rr Mr* Bttiagtpxu incon^flenc ppioioos 4bo9^ ^{ft^ 
■***!»• 7«>? rr P*' wJiiiy* ;to ffipftj fapieo^u^. ;i|. 
'rr-pu%l2fiOi.«f|ri;m.ed fpixicifai {^w^ u; iit^tti^ 
'feoft. YJi.--, JE|iil^bett( a pwftqitoyr. 71J. «t, Cc^ 
^iM$ of-xiii £vU^^ c^eigy v*^/ ,p^abet)tt'ooriar 
S»fed jri^^i tbac of ^e a^dexjx Pceodl i^e^. jjjl. 

£]ffigo j(entii»rlfs. $1. T7 ^r, Ailep apd f. IPy. 
fons-our ob^igu^opi xo than. (^4. r<- iThf ir yj^s-^ 
Mr. Beriogtons chara<%er of Pwroos ^amined. Sg, 
<— Accoaoc ofrlphD Muskr(j^tt| 85. >— Jefuits 
fefaooU in the fixteentfii century. 91. — The femi^ . 

4ath9)int<!«M| iB «#ii(»iffl»J«^4l5%r^ l^r^WSfltff 

«f Pr. .«wb»w X«?««s ) .»• -irr /Ofigjii of ^M^ 
pf. MriJ^Sjr Tt»*owp.Siomify3 4VM4 i^^ 
Whpr». jq(^ •^.Mf.fagcij.mof^B, tlif juKl^J^il^ 

<tf .^ WWF«i*{r. 195: 1W P'- Wt ^4|Nii, 5Wif y 

*^^W^'rfflBe«ft<i *y"^Jj?% »»il- -Tin ^"^ 
#f:tliB_qann«|»«^'W|ij»jjig)j„,il5,,^.jAff)o^f pf 

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%t MC tppolfaiiiii^ t Qisliop. iMi ^ the tpptIV 
liBts. 135 — *f%e confinemeDC of theirdepuciit. idf!» 
— - Mr. Beriogrons account of the policy of Ptf« 
fons. 130. <«-» Pirody o^ it. 13a. «-* The proteT- 
ution of allegi&Dce by the 13 priefts examioed. 134* 
IPoIitics of the feminary priefts examined. i40« 
~» D*. of CardiMl Alien asid Parfdos. I4»» 
'«— Loyalty of the eathcriic clergy defended againft 
Sir J. Throcktnof tocL 149. — » Politicr of Parlbof 
with refped to the fiicceffion. 156. --l Idea of 
Mr. Beriogtons authori. (note) 154. ^^ Oath of 
tllegiifoce. 159. -^ Death of f^rfons ••» Mr. Bei^ 
Ingtottt inconfiftence. xtfo. — Appelhmtt. lit* 
Indiibreet condtuft of Mr. Bishop. 1^4. ^^ Reaftmt 
for n6t aj^inting ordioariet in Engtand. iftf^ 
--^ Enter Oregorio ^tosani. xtfS. ««» 


Fknzani iotfodoced. 1(9. '^ Difedvettd td bt an 
Impoftor 171. -^ Dodd^ feheme of pcilBtahing the 
memoirs of Windebank. 17a. «-> Imeitatidn tf 
Mr. Berington. 175. «-^ The im|)ofturt of Pansani 
proved from Blonds Ketters. fjf. «-^ Cdtidftn on 
Dodds motives for i)ot poMtshiDg^thein^tfttiirSt and 
on Mr. Beriogtons afiimion« that 'theyt. are now 
lirft published by hinkfelf. ito. -.-Itfr. Beringtooa 
jplagittiftn .^ the aothors ^ifitoo^df 0bdds^iriotk|. 
x85. .^ Intrinfic evidence of the memoMr^eia* . 
mined hi various inftabcer jW. t6 1)18. — The 
tgrQeaSnr*btcireeii tbt • deify Mi' iht^ Mantel 

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tnsilte4«<^}de& of Blackloea ctbtl. 190. «^ CoodoA 
#f the provincial Blood* aoa. — * A rpeculatioo o( 
Ftosaoi* dotf. -*«• Private oath of the clergy. 907% 
«-« Secpod review of the memoirs. 309. ~- RefV>ed 
of Urban VIII, fo» tb« £r%lish. Aktioo. a 10. -^ 
F» Preftoo. an. Paozani debarred ftom coort 
If Jefbiti. ill. mm Interview between Pansani abd 
Windebaokdefcribid. axf- -^ Thi^ proteftant clergf 
appoib the appointment of a caiholic bUbop^ ai4ir 
«-^ The <rt>}eftioos of the. Jefoits ag^nft it ' on« 
known. jai5r— The kiog$ Aippofed inclination to 
ftvour catholia. ax5. --^Ablurd calomnies againft 
the jefoits. 117. ^^^ Cardinal Baijberitiiif repropf to 
j^nztni^-^well deCeived* ai8. -^F. Davenportf 
lKK)k. a ip. '^^ The Popes ofiet ,^^>facrificc tht. 
|cfuits examined,, aao.*~Fanzanis.fcctets — hisn^;* 
gociation examined, aaa. —Enter Fiiflief Philip. -« 
his great penetirat^nt at}, r^ Ha pr^pofes a ?e<i^ 
€iprocal agency. 004.^ *-^ Mr, '^eringtoos injiiftice 
tp F. Ihxilip. 235. -— MijraculiQAis converiion of 
i/b. Montague, ibid. — 1^< r^ objeft of tjtst 
feciptocal negociation. aaJ$.-*^Ent^r Mr. Conn-* 
his modcjfty and his difappointments. aa8. -i-. .Th9' 
agi:eeme&t l^tween the clergy. #«d, the regulart: 
aigain confidered. d3o. ~» Jnftanc^ eif ^ F. PhUipfh 
penetration, agx. ^ Mt. Cosn. once more 933;: 
-^ Panzaoi Ijpecu^^ if^W. the privileges pf thii» 
legolars. agi- -^ PoJlti^l; ^^fcerngiAQt qf:\lm> 
|eftiits •— * of the Pope «~ weak policy of the 
t0ou. agf. *^ The rareeshoW» or the moft inte« 
ktol Ictoc S37. ^^ PatitioD foe Mr. Conns me« 

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Arftn. ^39. ^3^ InAftittiob of Bi^p-SoUth 14M 
^k^CoDoroveriy of fteydrad Kooct. 94^. .^iC<mduA 
of die Fbfe ii^ tcl 3$o. .^ Ezrc Oregeito Biisum. 1353^ 

PART III- — „ 

ThofMt INMirdr ^imptttS ^tH ^ M»: Betiid 
gton; 855. -i^Oft^dtb;^ the^l^o^ «Sd *y tkt 
BitE^ishcl^rtj^il^.^^ their opiidbc^^ 1158^ 

^ His doAfiies (nbtft) itfb/:— Wrtitllty rf 
Z>6dd «-^ poifits^ of cbrinaioiA bettiretts^ Ilodd tn^ 
Mr. Berlttgton; *Jj- -^i- Dr: HbHeo; -*i Opinlotrtf 
6FDD. Pogli and lieyborb concetmbg ^tfim. ^6$.*^' 
His AnalyfUfidA — ^ a hiit to Mi'- Berii5gron. a J*f]: 
-^ Infbnce^ 6f ttie refp^ which I)r: ttoId& diodght 
due to the Pope. 270. ~. IVTf: lleringtbns adniiratiott* 
of Ctora'vrell and repobllCtotfin. ^^p. — Atidret^ 
BfbiriWch. -^ Dootra abbut kij ' hi^ng /t dtfef" 
iSife oaths.'^ 274» -i^'batfr orthptoilacy — tannot be* 
sdtaiitted by eathblics. 37^.'-^ X^ft'olical^ vicah 
MdtDicted by lames H. a;^"— 'Ca\in« of the deia^ 
Jii -appointing Bishopsr «6r/±L'' Apoftoficdl vicafV 
not oppofed IJy the clergy. 283.' —^5^1^^ Sergeaiit — 
his eharafter CMte") ^^4. ^^' His rtiilboforg' about 
^pifcopal po^erP Sl^^. Ur-pffia-cnte'^^W^ h^ 
fyfttfm aft« that of Mr. Beringtmit^fiW.— ' EffbttS 
df the briefs^^BeMfdid XkVfi#/ -li^ AoomAlief 
0f. Mr^ Airidgton. siS^j ^' OdDChifioil^ W^u 

:fi ' 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 




take yoa fbt m; molM- lii^.tJM 
writing of uldnAff. Wfeew yoii 
judge proper to complain of ^e «ooiludk 
of a Biihop, youadddels the pi>blte«%h# 
"^ probably concern themfohrea wfpy /little^ 
either with your addtieflea or arlUi yoot 
comptoiott. («) Hasiog fone leeibii- 1(» bt 

? "" ' " ■ , ' "' ■" ' ' I " I i .' ? .."" ' 1 ■' ) >' . < i w i > j » i i tt i . t 

C«) S$e the addrefs ff Alf , B^i|i|toi| «i)d C;*( 19,0^ 
catholic clergy of England , Jan. t6. 179a. It Wu faom 
iftct te^inted io 4*. irhh a Slue covet ,lqr • Aiv of kifi 
«C9«M frieMU, |ad diftiilNk«a< <tirMfh «kMft #v4«y Cas 
thoHc houft ia gscat BriaHa. 


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|iirat(sfie(i with ^^n^^f >OQt late p>ifl}}!e0!^&«»j| 
Minified > T^e Memphis yo^; Gregorid * )^M{aw ^ 
t ^ibIc It more becoming , more fairaadmordi 
tnnAwr^^ to ^addrefe «i^tf dire£k(y ta you ^- 
and to deliver to you, ^ithput difguifi^ , my 
opinyff^ ^ ydur{)riftc|)fes;i, your ditf£krkios and 
your conduft. The public^ if it will, may 
lofpeA touf CODt»dve?{y ; ' and if* it should 
ever think proper to awprd a jqdgpent uppa 
ky; 4^ jiidginciH Will ndt^ comeftt^ by iiie» 

Soon as I obtained a fight of The Me^ 
moirs of Gregorio Paniani i I read the bookf 
becaufe it was yours , but^with little ettriofitj^^ 
and with lefs emotion. I couid not reafbmil 

i^gf^ smy gr»tificati0|i for the fbrfaier oli^a 
iiiiije^,^9rhiah you had already treated wim 
lbfif9H)dft;AiperfictaL levity I (*^ and^the rcS* 
^Og K^whidl 1 beftoitred bft year ocrfemfi of 
irour ,Qilh«r wotks,: hM .rendered, nie^ tattoos 
;o^i!()lf ipi|^flion&:of:&lf€hoodan4' wilful 
«H(irepri&»tatioo. ^ ^b^ things darting ibd*" 
44nly updn^thei]n«xpe£)iio^mind migbf ^iwa^^ 
kefi-ftetings^i)f honeft^indignationi bnrbenijf 
MitV fin^eteeri and'^ei^lpftqci ih' H^biir' new 

^loil .t'tf A •'' -" !*■ ^ . ■;"- ' .. M --^- >.'... ..:/> 

•M lo Wat 6 \j : . -:> !»'. : * '■/' ^ •"" ^ ' "*"■ 

Mr. BcriDgtoD, i^8©. .dvj'C : vIj . - •' 


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jD\^C^itPiS»{\Gt^ ^ dxodpt tfaat , A^cbilesdl 

foop^ Spne, tbtqWgtitbtBpit^eHUiivA cdiiU 
'^Ii^©jflt(|j?^^%ld the h«>oJtiby. hoaRti.-.Hkni* 

Q^vee.iflljucj^; ]^u,^^if^ft Brk&h'Catbfif 
jiqsjofijUhQ |i3ft ,ai)(f f«efantr)^es',ii«lioi:)9iBib 
cauje.,tliey.,are QiHMiqftoi&vllfdgcafti^iHi 
p.n^K:lples and drfay pw, J^uf JftjWSfeiifeSo dfoil 
had. inrui^<i.thi^fe yq^i'^llX^e^f in tytoii} {«f ' 
jun4^4 .acojttDt 9f 4h$ir;;%t^1cMiAdbehaidbte 
40,4/80 ;jjfpji;,48i^;l?e/?i fpoiHshod foa'dttip-^) 

fig^^Jl^o. ,i?»««ly:,tp; geMafyris(«igfaib^o«W 
j^p.^ofi 9/E'^0 fcanda}. To^fdbi^ 
tl)3f,-defigq,}, r^s|d payafiddt.appeaitedbejpoiHl 
t\i^.B^^\^i\ifff'i^m\Gi^^ sXhe fihakertedeid 
g(^^|4f^en |)gp?atli Ajfjp.fisWsjoEditt ^iianrb-f 
■vas aa^;4^ijbfc^0!Qe j«M«Ottld havet&inDta 
ted to the drudgery of raking fo much roge- 
ther,r.aa(ked 1 .vraieiq«albf'^11<»hhh#d'#-the 
folly 12^ jhe malevolence ' of (he*'"?mier. 
What a depraved tafte muft that man have« 
i jWn , '** « * « » i{ rt i B/ i iiq ar . r/ -i .^t nl T^ffnff firiA 
:. (* >'S«e ^(i«»v*»«»'/j5»»*WB^» if tb* R.'yoPfB^eWi^ 

A A 

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f iUa^'wfto -ear Ae4 tf^ Ute attt rtmiUw d 
liutfldal iof two faundred yctn , and then ^US> 
gor|^ ie alxMil '^ ia topei tint the pubttfc 
trUl fxnUov inch -filthy food t Stnmge, 
Mr. Beriogtod, that im fo long a coorfis of 
tioc^ you coold fidd 1M> ftaf^iriog of virtue, 
to diverfify the •odioui repaft f: Vou have 
fanfii^M the hiftory of joor fiMetdotal bre* 
threff doring tiro bt4|hc eentoties Of thxit 
txiflewte » in order-MV ^fiftovier ibe interpuoc* 
tio0i of datluMff V vbidi hiftory or tradition 
1»t preferred, ae^fs to^ 14aae of virtaet, 
UriMch o(her«ire> SDfig^ have been thoagfat 
|dcredi>le ) yoil^ have «xerted all yoiir fiigatitf 
to obliterate that Aifikaie of your predeoef- 
fiffSfirtdeh ftigmidiist your dwn degeneracy. 
Wtdi equal rage you deViiMir yonr cotetapo» 
taiies ; nodiing can ctoy yoor toTacity. After 
long aiaiigttDg the oafoaffte of dead JefiiHv, 
jfou tie them up coliviog Birftops, pridband 
BBonks) it ii the cnselty of Meientius , 

. TomtuA g,nus /,...,. ^ 

And. what have yoo provedl If «very affif 
tion in your tale w-ere irrefragably tMe , it 
would at moft follow t that Ibfl&erly thert 

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iris « diverfity of opinions iuhdng taUt ete« 

barked in a common caure', that bur prede- 

ceflbrs, two hundred yfeaft ii^d, were frail 

tnen as we now are. It wefe teitainly uore 

agreable to forget, than to r«£bunt tlieir 

weaknefles ; it is better to hide than to uncover 

the nakednefs of our fathers. Vour brethren 

of the catholic clergy have looked into tho 

Uftory of their predecefTors as well as you* 

And every ban aixiong them has, l>een edified 

with an unintcfrrupted fiiccetiion of thebrigh* 

teft virtues 9 sliihing in the mi^fl of the 

ftvereft trials; each one can Repeat venerated 

nasties, Which have dignified his refpe^tive 

college, from Cardinal Allen to Bi$hop Dou* 

gtafs, from father Parfons to the R. Mr. 

Mbte. If the bright ferieS of virtues has 

.been fometimes foiled with the alloy of bumaa 

weaknefs; iffufpidousjealoufieihave, infome 

infhinces, engendered complaints and recrimi* 

nations aipong individuals, or eyen entire 

bodies; they may eafily be derived fripm a 

too k^en feeling of that naturat partiality t 

which attaches IbdiViduats to ihei^ own fociety ^ 

and which always ctfmpeofates^ by a thoufan4 

aidVantage|{ , the tranfitqry diminution of good^ 

which it fometimes occafiSRf.^WlER wonder « 

Sir, that even virtuous sten do not always 

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dUcetn the lioe^ wlijcti difcrii^ui^tes Ia^dabJ|p 
emutation from The cqpr 

Joiinding oFthefe ni^^^ niark^.l^orders. is 
apt to occafioQ V^ry iticorrefl: decif^aps ^vci^T 
thing appears irregular and dii^pned , ,w.e 
fancy our rights invaded . y^e cpnceive refiftr 
ance to be ^ duty , s^nd ^ in thg^ hurry, o^ 
miftaken zeal , we fee a foe m ^yefy^ 
friend. 'iThe annals olF private Ipcieti?? ^ , ?s^ 
\vell as the histories of nations, muft have 
exemplified this truth to cverV attentive rea- 
dcr^ and I should' coxiceive ii'to be th? cluty 
of the hiftorian, when he takes 'his ,rctrofpe<%- 
live view of |)'aft .tran{a£li9n^ , to replace all 
objefts in their proper .fite, F 

true colours , ' diffahces . and' I- 

ferve Ae true lights^ the ti t 

pifture. Hqw dBfferenfly S ) 

I bbferved t6 ybh'IaQ: year , t 

portraits , ydii for ever give f 

the perrons wTiomyyou attei > 

dawb (and dav^bfng is your < „ 

( unluckily for them^^vhile , t \ 

either Pqpe'sV 9r J^i^hops , } 

that iriftant your teafon , or r?^r y^ WSfQ<^" 
lair nerves are in a flurry; ;^pur eyefigjjc.^^ 

.T: ' rV .^ "' ' : — ■.- "y i ' ^i.i ' u' ! ! \\ -' '^y 

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^ffloTcferecF, Von (e6 horns fewa^i from their 
foreheads, theff ftrt clefevd ifi Iwp ,* and whea 
tvfepay y68 our 6\ arid 6<^o^ ydur pifture^ 
tfi'have purthafed toonftfei-i^^ . ' 

Xjorgpnsan^ 'Harpies and chineru 4ife. 

4n ^ne pf^fem kifiaoce^.jitrdly a Cealute 

fc|tjie*pii^wal-j«.yrtf^^^ ixir ttue forw< 

(t^.^ould i^x]t)ilpk a delighiful pi^re;4ind.tb4v 

few "ctooked Unys , which .n^.ighf^ offend the, 

tyfi th^x^e^s^fyv^^f^^^ the 

few fpecks 1^ wWeli ,pvift fticjc ^p ihe virtttes of 

cgbrcal^^yjoji^^ala)^^^ dif^dar io the bright 

colours, which .fufroijnd tt^^,ift- ^^uf^it.fe^py^ 

^ajt your m^pn ;s ncH jou ^yel ^n^qu^Utiw 

i^makefimitih^ crooked paih^^jm iherontcaijj^ 

you extend: tbefn^ from the fcgipn. of , erro|; 

into ' thatl pf . abiQlgte faifehood- 1 Jnftead ,o£ 

pathating faults , you magnify tl^^nij inta 

crimes; you disfigure goodnefs with the garb 

office; yofton^Ae* every intention ^i yon 

Waft 5 .yduc!*ritlwr:.€Tcry virtue/ Whoevw 

sb^lditaiSiEt^ouodeftri^on oftcmrmiffioqwjli 

BI^A^fdrifl^e:tnidii 6)uft dertikdy; donclude^ 

tb0l. With the exaption of 'a ifew^ theyha^ 

\fitn i aod. iUll a/Q ^ a barood o&cmtMocpitittto 

and vicious mifcreants. For tuna te l y for thrir 

<rf&lit, whbe^'er lisronfy ii VAiJfl^re, of tha 

hillotry of thofe extraordinary men / wlio have 

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, <8) 

continued among us above two eenmrlets 
under the preifure of penal laws , the difeoa«^ 
ragements of poverty, and the privation of 
the advantages of fodety , muft certainly be* 
lieve, that they have been a£hiated by Ibme 
principle of generous virtue, that they have 
been eonne^ed by fome bond of goodnelf t 
that they have not been uniformly bigots » 
wranglers , ibbls dnd flaves. In a word^ the 
extravagance of folly and vice , iRfhich yea 
impute to them , muft awaken fufpicions fa* 
vorable even to Jefuits; it muft render your 
ftory improbable to the uninformed ; and per* 
fbns, who are converHint in the matter and 
ftfyeCt the catholic religion , vsill continue to 
expreis that dif^uft of yoAr performance, 
ii^ch has been already tefiified by almofl 
every ipdividual , who has had the misfortune 

It is not my prelent bufioeft to refiify 
ill your miftakes , or to write'4be hiftory of 
Efiglish catholics, which you Ijave fo wo* 
fiilly disSgu^ed. The former task hw beetf 
lately, in great meafuret executed widi foc« 
ceft by a dreaded ad verfar y $ ( * ) to whom yon 

•■ III ) < * } I' lJ ' M ' 11 1 ! 1 ■ Ml ' ' — 

(*) Set Btfkltt§k0i Htmwm ^t*9¥t ^ d>« &• *''• 
MiliMt, F. A. S. 


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teve replied) only with avkwnrd attempts 
at mis-shapen wit and with wanton infult^ 
The latter part has been repeatedly performed 
by writers of merit , from whom the antici- 
pated refutation of your principal mis-fl:ate« 
ments might eafily be gathered! botl should 
^wander from my prefent .purpofe by copying 
tiheir documents, which are at hahdi and it 
"wotild be weaknefs in nleto run into the 
foare^'Whieh you have fpread for me, but 
tirhich. you had not the art to difguife. : la 
controverfy as well as in real war, I know 
that flratagem is often employed to draw an 
'enemy from an advantageous pofi , from which 
force cannot diflodge him; and an ardent foe 
may fomeii'mes be inveigled to Tally ibrth 
againft a'falfe attack, which is intended only 
to decoy him from his jground , and to fcreea 
the too real weaknefs of* the crafty aggre£R>n 
Ifl your prefent fituidtion, your* charaj£ler<, 
your religion, the credit of the catholic church 
and of Ac catholic clergy , to both which you 
yet belong, required from you, either. aa ext 
plicit tevdcation of thkifalfe. tenets irireligioa 
and .poGcy , with which I have charged ^^ou ^ 
or.elfe an jequally clear ri^futation of{tlio(ft 
ch)irgesj|.with ?tlemon{iratu>n that theypar^ 
wroDgfallyriPfHite^ .Ifothing lef^ ^aik^ii^flA 



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( lo > . 
part of this alternative can cover yoa from 
the jqO: indignation of the proteilant and ca* 
tholic public ; and do individual would feel 
Hiore lincere comfort than I, to fee you walk- 
ing, wub candour in one df thefe paths ^ to 
which I ftattiered myfelf that I had confined 
you. But, inftead of this , you run off in a 
diverging line ^ you are, in a minute , at the 
chance of two hundred years from me, and 
you cry out , that the Popes and Jefuits of 
that period were knaves and rogues, in full 
expe&ation that I shall run after you , to 
hinder you from defiling th^ with the dirt « 
which you Ikve coUefted for this purpofe. 
The fubjefl which I. have in hand wilt afford me 
incidental opportunities to wipe, off a part of 
it; but in the prefentnddment I should perhaps 
befriend your tottering caufe, if abandoning 
you, I should burnish up all my weapons, 
and proclaim myfelf aloud die champion of 
the much injured Jefuits. I give you all the 
credit that you-deferve, for your contrivance 
to make a diverfion; bot as I emulate the 
charaQer of a fiiir and honourable foe, I pu* 
blicly declare to you ^ that you will not draw me 
into your ambush. You will not induce me 
toq^it the poft, from which I have chofeo 
to figfat you, I feel myfelf not only io^reg* 

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nible ifi It^ but J un-CbrxotD^Mtffjybiir 
iiiailer^thailwill fiwte ^Mavdtiier to^dck^ovr* 
ledge youe defeat^ !9r;«c ldk& :io tetird fiiom 
fefitft of arnis and hide ypqridUgracefol woundk. 
The infefkion of themaonoys yoor fleigbboom 
you. ilill. continue to' fpread Tenwttr^itnbitg 
the flock^ : but in vain do/you writke yoot fetf 
around^' 1 have pointed you out to your Bisb^ 
op9'(c*yl have feid w Mm ^^^ ■' 

^ape faxa mam $ (^^ robora Paftqf, » ^ 
Tqllentemque minas & c^rvila ^olla tumtnttfii . ,j 

He may yet aim a blow at you with his 
paftoral ilafF; this would at once remoVe a(l 
our follicitude. Biit if He flill chufes leave 
the conteft to bi« fubalterns, you. shall con- 
tinue to find me among the foretx>oft. I will 
aim a new.viiroke at every new head that 
fprQuts^aadl will ijeferve for you tbofe wea- 
pons, which you vainly wish me tp emplpy in 
deferite of that ded^kfed fociety , which coo* 
foled itfelf, even in death V with the recolleftiaQ 
of its pad fuccefles' in a fimilar warfare 
During the period of their itervice, tneY''were 

" * ". . ' . ! ^ j ' !rj 'I i 

(*) See the denunciation rf Mr. Beringjp^^ j^^^rtis 
it this end of Remarks on , 2cc. 

B a 

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ackjDOwkdjsed tO'&eofeRiI auxiliaries; tfae 
maia body to whk^ they were aggcegated^ 
fitUvfbbfifU fresh; vigorous and ootire; aod 
I told.y6tt lafi year , tbac the weabeft amoog 
them is more than an * overmatch for you. 
They regret the lofs of their ancient conlbrts 
10 armsi but they will not lofe time in invcf- 
tigating the pad condu£): of the dead, while 
their prowe& is waot«d to refifi the neWjat^icks^ 
which you are perpetually dire£liiig againft 
them. They are the fons of men, who have 
been above two hundred years inured to com* 
bats againft vice and error; they can boaft a 
long lift of conquerors in this warfare^ apd it 
]s my glory and utmoft ambition ^t prefenc 
to be aftbciated to the exploits of thefe men, 

..'•••• per quas ctcidert jufta 
Mortc ccntaurl^ cecidit tremcndi$ 
Flamma chiaucrs. 

HOR. L. 4. Od. %. 

To fpeafc without figure, Mr. BeriogtOD, 
the catholic clergy of great Britain are 00c to 
foe frightened by youf attacks nor to befeduced 
by your artifices. They heard you with 
amazement, in your early career, delivering 
for catholic truths, in their orthodox fchools, 
the borrowed follies of lyftemaiicaldeiftsithej 




difmiflecl you from the chair > which yoil QMi^ 
faned; apd theyhavewitDefltd,duriag twenty 
years , your ucceafiog epdeavoun to weakrp 
or defiroy our refpe£l for the firfi Bishop of the 
catholic churchy whofe Father» you contemn ^ 
whofe prelates you revile ^ whofe ceremonies 
you ridicule t and whofe infult. 
With grief they have obff^rved your daring 
attempts to fubvert the epifcopal authority of 
our prelate ^ who reje£l your fervices; {a} they 
have heard the hollow noife of your groundtefs 
protefiations againft their exertions of fpiritual 
jurifdiflion ; they have beheld with indignation 
your attempt to roufe , if po0ible i the minifters 
of the fanfluaryt againft their anointed prelates ) 
your maxims and your do&tinui your theology 
and your pUkifpphy) your books and your 
letters , your^ rams and your farcafms have ail 
equally difgufied your ecclefiaftical brethren ; 
they had long wished to fee a lAark fet upon 
you; and when nobody elfe would undertake 
the labour , they applauded my endeavours to 

(tf) Ic is very ceruin , that the late right retetend 
DoAors Cballpner, Thomu Talbot, aod Matthew Gibroo 
utterly difapproved Mr. Beringtons principles and doc* 
trinet; and I have proofs that they are equally difliked 
by his prefent prelate; the right reverend Thomas Talbot. 
The rentimenu of oot other Bishops are well known. '^ 

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evi!o(er tbfe contmdiaioas abd^ foUSss of your 
iDCOceiical philofophy. With the melancholy 
exception of a few of your nearefi neighbours « 
there is but one voice , with rHpeft to you , 
throughout the whole body of our ctergy;at)d 
of your writings I may aver with the exa£):ne6 
of truth) what the love-Gck queen uttered of 
faer treacherous fuitor 9 

f • abolere nefindi 

, CujnSa viri monumenta jubet monftrakqfit Stcerdod. 

4* iSn. 

If your other pabllcations ofiS^oded their 
prthodoxy, your laft , which occafions this 
tiddrefS) has raifed peculiar di^tift; becaufe^ 
befides the crfd vilifying inifmtidions againft 
Popes and Bishops , it is, laiaoQg other 
views, calculated to make a breach, if pof^ 
fible , in their owa body , by creating jeaiou* 
lies againft tt^ remnants of their ancient 
auxiliaries , for whom they fe^l nochtag but 
charity and coo^paffion. Baie^ attempt ! it will 
not fucceed. The clergy have but two ene* 
mies ; they are error and vice ; they will 
conftantly combat thefe ; and while you openly 
prote£l the former, they muft confider you 
as^ at leaft , an indired abettor of the latter. 

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( IS ) 

What a comfort 9 Sir ^ would it be to ine^ 

to view you in a more favourable light ! I once 

lioped with hundreds, that your talents would 

be exened in the fupport of our venerable 

aged parent , die catholic church , that you 

would not, at leafi, league your felf with her 

foes* (*) Nature and grace had qualified you 

for that honourable career; but you have been 

dazzled by the falfe glare of modern philofo* 

phy, and we are reduced to the painful ne^ 

ceflity of difavowing and Opppfing the man ^ 

from whom we once hoped to receive comfort 

and fypport. Whatever you may judge , Sir , 

I am far from being fond of controverfy^ 

even when the goodnefs of the caufe removes 

all apprehenfion of defeat. I know the toils 

of that painful warfare, and I know that they 

are never more irkfome, than when brethren 

of the fame family meet to contend againft 

each other. Neceffity alone can jufiify it^ 

and that neceflity never is more urgent, than 

when one of the brethren attempts torc^ the 

reft of their unalienable birth*right*, when he 

endeavours to fow difcord among them« 

wbep he lifts his arm againft the chiefs, the 

* (*) Hit firl $dcrunt Dominum f ami tit Id cenjnng0ris. 

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ftiters, the lathers of the family. When t 
eogaged in the lifts againft you, I knew and 
t efteemed your talents and abilities ; but f ' 
alfo knew, that, in fupport of a faulty caufe, 
they Would be of no avail. I do not meaii 
now to boaft of the ti£lory. which I have gain* 
ed \ in fuch a caufe it could not fail me , 
nee habet vi&orta laudem. I ratber pity you , 
who, formed for better deeds , would expofe 
yourfelf to fo certtiin a defeat. You are pof?- 
feffed of a (park of fprightly genius ; and you 
know from experience , how bewitching the 
allurements are , which the vanity of fyilem $ 
the pride of (ingutat ity holds out to an a&>e 
mind. In arts and even in fome fciences^ it 
may be allowable, fometimes perhaps benefit 
ciah In politics it is always dangerous ^ bat 
in religion it is fuperlatively mifchievous; it 
is an infallible dereliftion of th^t fimple truth, 
ever ancient and ever new , which , like the 
Father of lights , from whom it defcends , 
knows not the viciffitudes of change, no, not 
the very shadow of alteration. (* ) This divine 
truth is ever to be found in th^ pkliU beaten 
track; and fince you have abatadbded this 9 

. ^*) Dcfetndtnt h Patre luminum » 4^ui 4uem n$if ^f 
iTMnfmuUtiOt nee vie(fttadinis ctumkratio. Jac. i. I7i ! 


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thro^ illsdain'of the guides commifl!ode4 

to direft you in it^ you have gireu me^ap 

advantage over you, which neither the arts of 

(bphifm , the parade of tearnibg , nor tbf 

brilliancy of talents Will be ever able to re« 

cover. On any other point I Would avoid th< 

contefli in this I am invulnerable^ I Qiuft 

furely triumph. The pon^roverfy is entirely 

your own choice ^ you called nie fortji jtp 

combat) (*) and truths even in my bap^^^ 

has routed all your forces.^ You have taJlie^ 

them to make a d|verfion ( tod though I noiif 

come forward with the eafy confidence o£ 

vi^ory , I do not afTume the haughty di^^^aiq^ 

that belongs to difcomfited pride « which ever 

affefis to contemn its foe. You know that it if 

the ufual refourqe of the defeated to- f^y^ u I 

f» defpife my aptagQuid) I will not ^^f)M^ 

n him with an anfwer , «> whipn in realiiy they 

have none, to return. On. the contrary ^t 

efieem^ lvalue your talents; f and though you 

aflert^ that you Will not evea-Jread my latt 

Bemdrki on your^ writings $ atid my detnuieia** 

tfon of them to your Bishop ^ I certainly ant 

(*) Cum pmnit fugiant i fdcU e$uij mtjmMmum^mf^ 
huh expttlt 0d finguUri\e€jttam^^^ ^^^'J\.f({:?^:, 
P. Jhiilafj: Sec tBe if^jpi^/ of Wtt ficriii|toii«(i4 C** 
to Ike cVtfiolitfi of finglaiur |w:' 173^. ,^ ,,^ ^ '\ 

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( i€ ) , 
iiot haughty enough to imitate you in this. 
I hare riead all that you have written in your 
own defence and againft me, and I will not 
tefufe it a reply. 

' 'And here , becaufe I wish tp be clearly 
iahderftood, it becomes neccflary for me to 
explain to you in a few lines the prefent ftate 
Wour controverfy, which your infuperab/e 
4reIuAance to read iny Remarks muft otherwife 
conc^l from your knowledge. I mud then 
Yemind you, that early in the year 179a you 
iflued a challenge to me , by a public appeal 
to the tribunal of the catholics of England; 
that this appeal contained a multitude of 
imputations againft me, and a laboured pro* 
feffion of your own and your aflbciates fiiidi 
[ in which there was but one erroneous pro- 
pofition,] (tf) befide^ a folemn afleveration . 
of your common onhodoxy and facerdotal 
merits. I thought it diffefpe^^ful to put in 

. («> T^. pfCfoStimi It, ^ Of this cburch we belkft 
^ the. Bishop of Rome to be the htad fspreme ia 


rtliuiTkable , diac this doftrine of the leanied Appelbstf 
tr prefaced by the following aflkrtioo. << We know, tf 
9, 9ihm ddf what oor faith iit.and in that knowledft 
19 we htfe learned to dlftiogaith What is himuui fiM 
9, whic U 4hiae. |» See 4ff§Mi tO| &c. p. ai. aa. 

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^A anfwer to this appeal till the tribuml 
should {ummon me cq .appear, and in the 
Interval I examined feyeral of your writings t 
on which you declared that you reded the 
fuccefs of your caufe. I difcovered from this 
examinatfon » that if you are an honeft man , 
that is , if your printed ientiments are thofe 
of your heart, you are in religion a (cejptic « 
and in ]5oIitics a Sans-culotus. And whereat 
I had but little time and lefs money tQ 
fpend in the demonllration of this difcovery.^ 
I felefled only abbu;^ three fcore articles^ 
out of hundreds, as obje£):s of criticism , and 
I referved for the peculiar cognisance of youjc 
Bishop feventeen pithy propofitions^ whiph 
feemed to me to contain the pregpant feedai 
pf ecclefiailical and civil democracy. Eye;} 
criticifm was accomjpaniedwjth proofr, whic^i 
appeared to me irrefragable ; and though the 
language ^ which I ufed , might fometifii^ 
be rather, twitching than oily^ I think it was 
fuch as cootroverfy jufiifies and good manner* 
need not difavow. I here repeat what I have 
often faid,thatl shall be happy, if you can 
refute the charges which 1 have alledged 
againft you, on the fcore of your religious 
tenet;; and if you shall point out tojiie one 
falfe imputation brought againft you, one 

C 2 

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ifi^rtioh lififbpportedby pfoof^IwHl pubiicFy 
ifecall it , and mtkt twttf atonement fbr my 
fault i which our common foperiors may agn 
|>oint. Such , Sir, ha^ been my condti6t ; now 
let iile examine yours* 

^ In your preface t6 the Affairs ofPan^ani, 
you have befiowed upon me four large o^vo 
pagM , prefaced by a declaration, that ip what 
you arte about to fay of me, you are an 
imitator of Jefu8-Chrift$ andbecaufe he knew 
what was in man , «< and4ieeded not that any 
m !thottld inform him concerning mair, you 
ti aUb like the divine mafte.r of charity, 
m having heard what imy mouth has uttered, 
( tho you have not read a word of my 
lEtemarls) ^ can f^fely pronounce on tha 
n abundance of my heart. f» (*) You proceed 
to difl^ this heart , and taking your fiand 
on the broad hajls ofuniveffal charity ,.(f ) you 
there difcover that it belongs td — ^ a lineal 
defcendant of the Phariffees — to a fellow — 
a fpreader of defamation — a Tartuffi^ *— a 
fanflimonious hypocrite — a tinkling cymbal 
-^ a mote-puller — an oily fpeaker, wbo 

(* ) See Prefau t$ m§m$m ^ PemzMmi p. XXViI{« 
Ct) ttW. p. xxxiv" 

/ \ 

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refufes to poor oil into the ^ores o^liis 
M^ounded brethren « but employs city diSion 
to Veil a mind o£^rtifice .— ii potey maker for 
the facred heart of Mary — a latitudinarian 
cafuift aCldated by refentment — the propereft 
candidal^ for the bishopric of Billiogfgate — 
a cut -throat — a gnat* drainer — a camel* 
eater — a compleater of libels -and finally aii 
officious Prieft. ( * ) T*o this fitany , grounded 
on the btoad hafis of univerfal charity , might 
be added fome other denominations drawn 
from the (kme intuitive knowledge of the 
buman heart , which 1 could co\\t6i from 
your appeal of 1^92 : but becaufe the full 
force of th^nf is expreiTed in the titles here 
Reified 9 I will giv^ you credit for only 
nineteen gratuitous epithets , of which ^ as you 
have attempted to eilablish but one by proofs 
I prefume it is the only one ^ which I need 

You Once obferVed to me^you fay^, that, 
M' from fome circumllances , it appeared, that 
«» I was aduated in my writings by a fpirit 
» of refentment ; n that my anfWer was , u fuch 
i» may be the appearances , but when 1 took 

(*)SeeiUd;p. XXZI.Ikf(i4. 

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n nqr pen 9 1 afltire you , I ppriG^d my intett* 

m tiooit; (*> and from this anecdote yoa infor 

that my cafuifiry is more ingenious than any 

tliat was ever feated in the chair of Mofes « 

and is the mofl: apt of all to cover the commiflion 

of crimes^ as will appear to whoever shall 

take the pains to read die letters of Pafc^. (t)- 

I apprehend/ Sir^ that in this infiance your 

memory is as fiulty as your logic. As I 

never had but one opportunity of enjoyiog 

your converfation , I endeavoured to treafur^ 

it in my mind, and the gentlemen, who were 

with us, (t) may pronounce, whether I ani 

not accurate in what I shall relate of it You 

did not obferve to me , » that 1 appeared , 

n from circumfhnces , to be a^uated by 

« refencment in my writings »; but you asked 

me 9 M if I was not a£luated by refentment in 

n writing; my Remarks upon your works. » 

Your queftion was xrbniined to this part of 

my writings , and you mentioned nothing 

about circumfiances which denoted a fp^rit of 

xefentment ; indeed what circumfiances of 

(•) Ibid. p. XXXII. 

(t) Ibid. p. XXXIII. 

(t) The htm. Mr. £>ormer, die R. Dr. BelUfyTe , tie 
&. Mr. Sonthworth and the R. Mt. ^filner. 


by Google 

this nature could you know or mendoo^ 
when you declared that you had not evea 
read the book 1 My other writings were noc 
named. My anfwer to your enquiry was 
iirople and true. Far from allowing that the 
appearances Were againft me, I anfwered, that 
I had not been influenced by any perfonal 
refentment againft you , but that my motives 
were virtuous , my intentions pure ; and t 
added 9 dint thefe natives had been approved 
by peffons of high refpeS in the priefthood. 
Redde mihi verba med^ & vanejcet calumnis 
tua. C^) It is indeed 9 Sir^ a common mis* 
fortune to us both , that you would not bend 
your reluAant mind to read my Remarks^ 
before you compofed the litany of univerlal 
charity, which I have juft reported. By 
negle£ling to reconnoitre the ground , a general 
may poflibly dire A his attack where there is 
no enemy to be defeated; and groundlefs 
imputations in controverfy will always favour 
the caufe , which you wish to hurt. If you 
had taken the common precaution o^ perufing 
my Remarks \ you would proba^l^ have faid 
little about intentions; and furely you would 
have forborne from reprimanding me for o/// > 

, C*) S* A«f. CMC. Jul. PeUg. L. 4. c. I, 

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diSion^ while 9 almoft in the fame breath « yott 
pronounced me unwilling to fqueeze one 
drop of oil into the fores of a diftrefled bro« 
then Indeed, Sir, when I wrote thofe Re^ 
marks , I fpread all your wounds before me \ 
I judged that « proper mixture , of oil and 
acid was moft fuited to the virulency of 
them ; and I will abide by the verdid of your 
own beft friends , whether the (iyle was too 
oily, or, on the contrary, too acid for the 
patient. If it has not wrought a cure , the 
blame muft reft with yourfeif, who obftinately 
refufe to take the prefcription. Though you are 
totally ignorant of its contents , you pronounce 
that u it is impoflible to draw any benefit 
Ti from it, » (^) contrary to the opinion of 
Mr/ Addifon, who thopght no bopk fo bad, 
but that fomething might be learned from \u 
You candidly allow, ( uoqueftionably upon 
hearfay) that ^ the Remarks are written in 
^ my beft manner , »» fuch as it is , that is , 
neither too oily, nor too four; and if no* 
thing elfe could be gathered frotn th^m, 
you would at leaft have learned my motives 
and intentions in publishing them. You 
would then have judged ^le from niy own 

C*)Ptef. CO Mem. p. ixxir. 


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( »5 ) 

if^ricitigs, Snftead of jtrdgiag inQ from thoft 

of Pafcal, yoo would perhaps have fpared 

youffelf the trouble of danmkig me for io« 

tentioos, which yoo did not know^ and yoU 

might moreover have ftivfed your liunj of 

univerfd charity y for the prefiice of ^oOr tttxt 

Work. What a ftvokt of literary economy 

would this have been! But independently 

of fo many advamages, I chink you '^uld 

have difcovered in the RMtarks feViral vcrj^ 

Cogent motives for ^obt replying *6 them^ 

which every man ^ who hars read them % 

would have approved 4 ^herons at prefent^ 

by taking chat hafty f dblution Without aF* 

figning one reafon for it, the fifkeertft nay 

be fo ill-natured aa to fufpeA that you vtGt 

Without grotiodi , thtut you are afraid of 

reading them ; perhaps even they may que(^ 

tion the purity of your intention in writing 

your prefoce to P^n^anV If I had been iit 

your cafe , I would at teaft hav'e peeped itatO 

thofe Remarks. 

Ydu have read, Sir, the ftory of The* 
miftocles , who , when a philoCbphtr offered 
to inftrudl him in the art of remembering 
every thing, begged oii the contrary to bd 
taught the art of ^gettbg whatever be 

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Ihoald fiod to be a load upon his memory. C) 
When I rt&Q^i on the (;atechi(lical lelTons^ 
jfhic^ ; yoi^ were taught in your youth , on 
tl;ie pfQinjf^s, which you made to your ec- 
clefiaiUcal rpperiors at your matriculation at 
P^ay*).. and compare xbem with the philo- 
£^ical documents, and the condu£l towards 
Bishaps, which you have fince adopted, 1 
fim l€ think 9 that you have either found 
out or recovered the oblivious art, which 
^hemiftocles coveted; and if you had looked 
inio my Remarks,^ juft only to write your pre- 
face,' you might. ;|^ $9fily have obliterated 
thiBiB frpfla.vyour meqiictry, as you have erafed 
froip it your promife of refpe£l and fubmiffioa 
to the appl^olical vicars, or the obligations 
which you owe to the Pope himfelf , who 
foftered you in your youth , and who fed 
you io ypur manhood. It would be ufeleis 
here to repeat any of tbofe Remarks^ which 
you will never read ; but becaufe the motives 
and intentions, with which I wrote them, 
alfo influence me in writing this addrefs, I 
muft not omit the mention of them in this 
place , leaving it to your own option to re- 
member or to forget them, when you come 
, * ^^^ 

(•) Cicero de Or«t. II. 74, 

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to wrltg the preface '.td your nest woifc; 
'Which , unlefs you forget your promHe, (^) 
^ill be an exhonation to catboliosr to^ ibr^ 
fwear the old Popes fupremacy. ' 

Let roe try, Sir , to make this chapter of 
intentions very diftioft and clear, On a late 
memorable ojccafion ; we had all mtnaf&d a 
formidable and determined oppofitioa to aa 
important a£l of epifcopal authority,. openly 
headed by two ctergym«n^ and ftoratly ap» 
proved by a few othersr 'During tihe warmth 
of thia conteft, I can -truly declabj that I 
frequently exprelfed my ' fatisfkftidn , that ^ 
though you did not (bkeitfe Ration vvrhich duty 
pointed out, in the fervice of the Bishops, 
yet you had'^not flood forth againff thete. I 
Was in a ^miftake. 'Yott were at that timC 
folHciting voices an^ dpinioils ifa favour of 
the reprobated oath-, anid no foOner was It 
rejeOred by parliament ,* than , followed by 
twelve other priefts , you publicly announced 
yourfelf the eternal 'opponent of the fenidt 
prelate, who hhdtfondemnedit, andhadifltied 
a cenfure againft a refiraftory prieft, who 
^uppo.tted h. This meafbre, calculated td 

(*.) See 11*11: ff Panz. p. u. • '" 

D a 

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pfiffUxsm Hktsii was liluNd fay me, itd 
oirypor p«n it was fbUofcircd b]r apf>«a|s , pro* 
t«Aa^Q« and addi*«fl««^» equally iiqucious to 
the Bishop, and uncivil to ae. The lattsr 
circumftaoce was of little account, and I 
MgleAed it : Hbt fonn^r, bewg avowedly 
defigaed to difuniie the el^rgy and Uuty froa 
their %«fwaal fuper ior , wu a a»atte« of higbtr 
eoooern^ An isvlta«ioQ-o« the ftart qf pri«& 
to> rtjfl ipiriitniA arndtority was fi) oovel ia the 
English, catholic chiucb, {q fifliilat to the 
conduA of ioragii inoonrators of fiwh , that I 
CQBcdvcd, it a mceicorioas deed, to warn my 
brethren not to he n^ed by fuch m»u. I was 
•ow .ac<)i4ainted with yonr. printed teoets, and 
I was c^nvnced, that no upright man would 
be feducedby your mcaiumical addg*/i^.\ehs> 
should know tb« ijFr^gious and fe^tious 
dodtines, with which ypu had fiained the 
^ges.o£ yottr other, works. I pointed out a 
ffiw of thcm^ I called upon your own Bishop 
to Q>eak,. and my primary iauiuim in all this, 
was to focuce the purity of catholic faith and 
catholic k>yalty : for howei^ecindiffiirentl ant 
about your mifiakes. in philofopby or ra 
hifiory, when they ..arc uticouie^ed with 
thefe two points,. 1 thiofe intolerance of error 
in thefe to be a duty ^^Qmbed iy re%iaai 

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( ^9 ) 

and tbe hotxour bf our finall body tqui^ijf 
jrequices^ that we should publicly diiavow f 
falfe brother ) who mordeu our creeds and 
who poifons our allegiaace^ I meaot then to 
point you out equally to the catholic and 
protefiant public , as a &lfe catholic and « 
dangerous fubjeft I meant to ofi&r a public 
difavQwal^ on the part of the catholic body^ 
of do^ioes uAiich they never herd^do£hines 
fubverfive of their religion and of all fiibmiffion 
to civil magiftratea; 1 meaot to prove , beyond 
the power of refbtation, that^ the man who 
published as catholic truths the feventeen pro^ 
poikions, which I denounced to your Bish- 
op, was either mifeiably ignorant of the 
catholic catechifm ^ acz, malicious calumma-< 
tor of a religioa which he undeciiood. Can 
any intention be more explicitly ^ more poinp 
tedly announced^ Nothing is here concealed, 
so jefuitical fistcbes or quibbles to difguifis. 
the truth ; nor need I borrow any do* 
cuments from Pafcal, to render the(e my 
defigjDS, views and intentiooi intelligible to 
the meaned capadty.^ . To fecu r e the catholic 
idigion from mifreprefentation was the thing 
uppermoft in my intention;, for this I coofi-^ 
deotly invoked your Bishop ^ the conftituted 
iudge of the caufei^ and if I took in occafio* 

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iiaUy fome collateral matter , which related 
only to your logic or to your rhetoric , my 
intention was to diverfify the fubjefi, and to 
relieve the reader by incidental epifodes ; 
it was to shew , that contradiftions and incon- 
-fifieocies pervade all your thoughts, words 
and works ; my intention was , not to cut your 
throat, as you affirm , it was to prove, that 
you had cut it yourfelf. See , Mr. Berington » 
what information you have loft , by not 
leading my Remarks. In the prefent inftance, 
my intention is equally fimple , fair and per- 
rpicuous. Befides the intentions which di* 
re£led my Remarks , I have at prefent a 
further view; and it is to defeat and difap- 
point the intention , with which you wrote and 
published your laft performance. ^ 1 have 
told you above that I have difcovered this 
intention ; and why have you not avowed it 
with the fame franknefs and candour, which 
1 have ufed in explaining mine 1 When 
intentions are not clearly announced , charity 
direds us always to ptefume and fuppofe thd 
beft : but there are actions (b pointed , fo 
decifive , that they leave no room for the 
ingenuity oF charity , they proclaim the inten- 
tion in every feature, and remove every po{B- 
bility of doubt explanation or denial. Thus 

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(31 ) 
it would be ridiculous in me to pretend » that 
I had no inteotioo to difcredit your iheoh>- 
gical opinions and writings by my Remarks ;, 
it would be equally abfurd in you to deny 
your intention of rendering Popes, apoilo- 
lical vicai's and Jefuits odious to British ca- 
tholics ) and of induc'mg thefe latter to fwallow 
the oath of fupremacy, which you yourfclf 
once taught to be incompatible with the very 
effence of their religion. (*) For this inten^ 
tion proclaims ijfelf^ it beams forth too clearly 
to be mifapprehended , it is what our fchooU 
men might call intentioJimpUeiurJlmpUx; and 
it will hardly be judged an uncharitable infe- 
rence to conclude , that if you can fucceed 
in railing a party to abjure the fupremacy of 
the Pope , one of your ftcunda intentione^ will 
be, to eftablish a plebeian poll for the ele£lioo 
of a popular Bishop. For this is not merely 
what you term u an innocent theory that may 
>» amufe the learned; « (f) it is not, in your 
plans , as you affert ^ a projefl: << which muft 
9f foon fink into oblivion , '» ( S ) it is a pradi^ 
cal fcheme ^ of which you have canonized 

(•) Stan and,Bcbap. 9f R. C. p. 15a, 
Ct) Sec Pre/, to Mem. p. X3ttij% 

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the author 9 (^) and have diffufed the fplrk 
throughout the length of your work. In fad 
the execution of it will be but one ftep more 
in progrefs ; and indeed , when the Pope is 
once ftripped of his fupreme headship , it wilt 
be a folly to accept of prelates from his hand^ 
when we shall have it in our own power to 
bring up our fmall church to the true ilan*^ 
dard of modern Gallic purity. When we shall 
thus poflefs a truly British prelate, we may 
guefs , from various hints in your works ^ at 
the fundry reformations which will be intro- 
duced into our creed abd our difcipline, efpe- 
cially if the returning officer at the poll should 
report you to be the Bishop eleA. At pre- 
fent, to finish this chapter of intemions , I muft 
remind you of one , which you kindly d\(klo^ 
fed to me, in that ever preciods conference, 
the fecrets of which you have firft begun to 
bring forth into light. 

One pf the interlocutors having obferved^ 
that in my Remarks, I had laid great ftrefs 
upon the inaccuracy of your theological doe* 
trrnes ; youwerepleafed. Sir, to acknowledge, 
9% that they wore ioo/ely worded , and that yoa 

(♦)Ibid. p. xxij. 

fi bad 

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(33 ) 

fi had purpofely exprefled them In that man^ 
T) ner ^ with an InHntion of wiDniog over pro- 
99 tefiaDts to our belief n You added , » that 
t» I had shewed fo little difcernment in the 
t» choice of the feventeeil propofitions, which 
« I had denouDCed) that you could eafily 
« have fele£led feventeen others much worle 
« than thofe, which had fcandalififd me. n 
I^ever, Sir, did I feel myfelf more humble4 
by fuperior abilities, than in that momenl^ 
I began to think myfelf indeed a mean critic; 
but I was more than ever at a lofs how to 
thiuk you a found theologian. By your dwa 
confeffion, you had wandered , iar hefouii the 
reach of my puny ideas and Remarks., i{it4 
the regions of wilful error ^ and I could only 
hope that the guilt of your mifiakes wa^ 
forgiven, in virtue of the abfterfive purity of 
your intention. O that the virtuous Piifcat 
were here, to be witnefs of this purify in|; 
motive! The charity of it would cover t 
multitude of fins, and he might write inothef 
chapter on intentions ^ to demonfirate^ how 
fome articles of hnh may be fawfblfy fo- 
crificed or difguifed, for the fake 6t widntog 
over poor heretics to the admiffion of the reft 
Jpur old catl^otic qat^ctyifia, wl^ch yeu fe 

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forely.bhme, {*) ufed to teach qs^ that die 
catholic religion is indivifible , that we muft 
not part with ah iota of all that we believe, 
po.^ not though angels should (loop firom 
heaven to indrud us in modern philofbphy. 
The tolerant fpirit of the times has changed 
altthis. You have taught us , that we may 
miki corfcejfions to our diffenting brethren i 
^ou have pointed out thefe conceflSons ; they 
arc chiefly made at the expence of the Pope, 
dnd you ftrnftify all this by the purity of your 
intention^ to pleafe, to attrad proteftants. 
Alas! Mr. Berington^ to be feriours, die 
eathdic church would not receive fuch con* 
Y^tis; she will even difown fuch dividers of 
Chrifr> nor will she ever accept youralledged 
i/Mntidns in lieu of the dogmas , which you 
facriflcc^ She earneftly wishes the re-unioo 
of ffU diflencers , she never ceafes to call them 
back to the ancient (lock, she knows that 
D/sus poiens efi eos rurfus in/eren^ hut she alfo 
kn^ws that this can only be done, when 
G<}d ^hall tncKde their nunds and heans to 
belileve ,. without doubting, every wtide, 
Which he bas infpired her to define and to 
^teslch: Do you wish^ Sir, to hear any thiog 
"• -^ '* ''■ ■- - - . ' . . . - - I - 

- ' (*3&e*Mr. Berhttoiis fSir^/fff Jttmfojr fcH0H p. 34» 

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( 3S 0^ 

inore oti the cafuifiry of inuntionsf^ t leaVt 
you to fiudy Pafca), and 1 proceedl- 


• But before I bring forward otb^r' matter 4 

I nauft remind you of aaotiier aflertioa, i;rhich| 

you were pleafed to advance in our frkndly 

conference 9 and it regards a criticifai con^ 

tained in the fixth page of thofe Rimarks^ 

vhichyou have never read, Yoa expreffcd 

furprife, that I should have quarreHe^ ^^tb 

the pfopofiiion, (*) in which you maintain j 

that Charles IL and James IL with- alt their 

minifiers^ deferved tobe bebeadediforhaviag 

emered inta political conn^^^ions with France* 

You plainly told me, << that my denouticing 

M this do£^rine to your Bishop fairly tnrneit 

« Qty whole book into ridicule. >> He^e^' 

Sr, I. know not whit chapter of Pafckl iHll ' 

excufe you. I declare I was almoft ne^ttled 

with indignation , to find one of the beft bits 

of the work , on which I prided tnyfelf the 

moft , laughed at as a |bUy , that fpread ridicule 

over the whole. You happened to fay that 

day, that you wished to bear nd more about 

my Re/narks , or elfe I was going to be ferioiiB« 

How, $ir, a trifle to kill two kings, befides 

( * ) See Sfau and BehavUur of R. C p. 57* 

E a 

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idl their mioifiers 1 Apd then to blame It fhill 
be matter of ridicnilel Puriog the exifieoce 
of the Jefuits ,when , you know, oo king was 
fecure of his life, the rogues never dared to 
teach regicide in foch undifguifed terms. Since 
the extirpation of them from churdi and fiate 
lias fecored princes from every danger of rebel- 
lion, depofition and murder, with what con* 
Icience, or rather mtb wteit pious intmiion 
could you renew fuch odious do&rine 1 You 
could not furely have had in view, oo that 
occafion , to convert poor proteilanu to ca« 
^licity; for they all know, that catholics, 
if fteady to their principles, are zealous fyp- 
I>orters of royal power t and I am fure , they 
themfelves would never be allured by foch 
tenets. With what intention could you fuppon 
your condemnation of Charles and James, 
|>y another principle, which catholics and 
protefiants equally difavow; I mean your 
do^rine , «^ that the government , which is 
n beft inclined to give us proteflioo, has the 
fi only right to demand our allegiance m1 C) 
You may remember, that you taught this 
bright doflrine to catholics at a feafon, when 
two hofiile fleets were threatening our coafis 

(^) S$0t$ smt BiUv. cf R. C. p. 43- 

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vrith invafioQ, and ooly two y«ar$ after you 
had fworn, that no foreign power had a right 
to exercife authority or fovereigoty In thii 
land, (tf) I call upon you. Sir, to explain to us 
the intention^ which direded you in the publi- 
cation of thefe do£lrines; we will then judge ^ 
if it can juftify or excufe the deed. Untill 
we know it, we shall judge it more advifable 
to Hand by the doflrines, which we have 
learned in the catholic church , and we shaU 
confider the forn^er of your do^rines as a 
corollary to the opinions of Jean Petit which 
the condemned at Conftance j and the latter 
as a formal contradiction to whatever she 
teaches on the duty of (ubiniffion to rulers » 
and on the inviolable fan^ity of an oath. 

To be plain , Mr. Berington , however ri- 
diculous it may appear to you, I cannot 
help regarding thefe two dodUioes , as the 
very quinteflence of modern democracy. 
They are to me a demondration of the truth 
of what I once find, » that tt)e worft of re- 
• publicans are innovating priefis. n I do not 
wish to fpread them out thro' all their imme* 
diate and reaiote confequences t but I have 

— ■ ■■ I M l I II I I J ' I H «* » W ■■ I n ■ I ^1 ■!■ ■ — ^i^W 

(4) See Che oath prercribed to citholi<9 in itt^.] 

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bbfenped, that' the famotks tree of pretended 
liberty , which at prefent overshadows France ^ 
was fome years ago , contained in feeds 
of fmaller dimenfion , lefs productive of 
iK>xious fruits , than thofa which yoa have 
fovtt among u^.- Happily you have,I troft, 
mtftiken your foil ; they will not thrive 
among British catholics , arid our paftors witl 
be always afliduous in plucking up the noxious 
weeds that may appear; they 'will warn us 
not to feed in the regions where they are 
fown, and they will tell us « inimicus homo 
hoc fecit; he fows his tares with craft equal 
to his malice, but you may always know fahn 
by his fruits. We have feen thefe fruits in a 
neighbouring land fuddenly fwell with veooor', 
and poifon the flock , while the paftors are 
forced to retire, with fore regret, that 'the 
little feeds were not vigofoufly crushed and 
deftroyed at a more early periods, 

Mr. Berington^ I have been long accuf- 
tomed to watch the progrels of modern refor^ 
nation in foreign parts; and I maintain , that 
whatfoever may be your intentions^ you have 
hitherto mimicked the contrivances of its coth " 
^uflors. They did not tell us at once that 
they would knock down the Pope and hit 

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Biikops ; they levea profefled refpe^ bt 
them y aiKl confioed chemfelves for a time , to 
cxpofe, to deplore ) to exaggerate the crimes^ 
sod the abufes of fpiritual power^ which they 
imputed to them. In their attacks upon this 
|>ower, they alternately ridiculed and reviled^ 
difputed and contrafied every exerUoo of it; 
they perlecuted , they vilified , they infulted 
every man, who ventured to fupport it^ they 
talked feelingly of the purity of faith , while » 
under pretence x)f difengaging it from liuman 
opinions, they aflumed to themfelves the 
privilege of afcertaining what belonged to it; 
they (lily infinuated errors; they conveyed an 
herefy in a word or a hint, and the dete^lioa 
of it afforded them fresh matter of ridicule or 
-declamation againft mote-pullers and over- 
weening bigots , who have neither charity for 
the faults, nor yet the eminent virtue of 
toleration for the miftakes of their fellow* 
creatures; (*) by word and by writing, in 
feafoo and out of feafon, they profecuted 
their artful plan ; fome they intimidated, others 
they flattered; fome they fedi^red , others 
jthey hushed; all things cooperated with them 
' to the compledon of the mifchicf; they are 

(* ) Su Sfatt ifni btbav. p. 9f . 

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now aftonished at their own fuccefles ,^ey are 
rioting in the ruins of thrones and altars ^ and 
they fee not, that they themfelves will be 
involved in the common deftru£tipn. 


Cujus ift hoc imago ! Of whom is dits the 
portrait^ I do not fay that it is entirely 
the piflure and likenefs of you; I only fay* 
that many features of it are difcernible in the 
author of The State and Behayhur of the Ro^ 
man Catholics , of the Rights of Dijfenters ^ of 
RefleBions addreffed to J. Hawkins, and above 
all in the writer of the efifeminatp tale of 
the unmanly Abeillard. It is there that the 
whole fucceflion of fovereign pontiffs , in the 
periods ) of which you treaty are ( uniformly 
arraigned and condemned, as monfters of 
pride,, violence and ambition; they are ftig- 
snatizedas tyrants of the church , without any 
regard to the circumftances of the times' or 
to the principles of the ages, in which they 
lived; their virtues are concealed, their faults 
or their^ miftakes are exaggerated; they are 
exhibited to the detellation of British ca« 
tholics , who certainly cannot view fuch 
unremitting depravity, without loathing the 
controul of their fpiritual riilersi they may 
even forget the reQ)e& due to their fpiritual 


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thdraAef , and they ^il] be ttius dii^ofed to 
fenOufice wtdireaditiefs, what they have been 
long taaght to vleir With hatred and difguft 
Nor are the pdntift of a later period fexeoipc* 
ed from the common anathema^ They are 
traduced with pecoliar malignity, becatrfft 
their extraordinary &?Ours to British cathp^ 
lies, within the two taft centuries, are yet 
fresh in the* minds and hearts of^ all ; and 
thefe' mud be ^efficaeiooHy erafed^ before 
perfed freedom of religion, that is, freedom 
to reform religion ^ to defiroy religion , can 
be completely leftablisbed. We had long 
been accofiomed to hear,, with little emo^ 
tion , this language from declared enemies of 
the papacy t they had renounced theiit 
Obedience to the chief psflor, they had 
difclaimed the pro&ifion of bis religion ; the 
men were known, and their writings were 
tieglefted. If you would imitate theit fecef^ 
fioo^ you would, in fo defperate a meafiUre^ 
at leaft rid os of fome oneaiinefs i yoot 
worki would follow you , they would be as 
little regarded , and do as little miibhief i as 
is produced by the annual Inveflifves agalnft 
|)opery , which are perhaps yet fpcnted 
in fome obfcure conremicles on the' fifth of 
t^vetnber, or. by the fitted deelaniaii«M 


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( 4* ) 

againft celibacy , wtdcb >9po^te priefts piH 
blish on i^eadmg their recantatioo. That you 
should go fortli frdtn u$ and alleclge the 
crimes of o\xr pontiffs as the. pretext of your 
deparci]Hre, might well be Cuffered : but that 
you:>shoujd ftili fts^y ^among us, toalieuate 
thef^ock from the shepherd; that yofi:$hould 
eaH yourfelf catholic and fpeak the language 
ofidipi^nters; that you should ca- 
tholic truths, the very dodrines, which the 
catholic church reprobates ; that you should 
share the Popes bread and infult the bene- 
fa&ori who feeds yod; that you should fwear 
obedience to the fi^preme head of the church, 
and exhort us to forfwear bis fupremacy i 
thefc are things which Wear out our patience, 
the^ canhot , they mpft not be borne^ Spout 
agaiqft Jefuits ;. they are fair gaiUe ^ they 
hav€ been long, furretadered up tio the cavils 
of the jealous and the declamaxioi^ of the 
malignant; multiply prefaces againft iVIi|ber$ 
and Plowdens, they may eutertaitf feme, they 
will mortify none ^.but'bow ^y^u^ head to the 
throne and to the mitre, fpare our modarchs 
and refpe^ pur pontiffs. Our veneration for 
both is tended in our hearts, and while I 
leave .to the jaws the cqm pC.avengiag the 
dignity of the former ^ I wiU , fyt &kp q£, the 

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^att^r^ iecommeiklto^yoiur.cofifidetaiioQ vliat 

was fail) by Berorto bis cotemporaiy Airetin^ 

than vhom a.mor^ fcmi fevileroF l?of^ in 

not found on the records' of fcandal ^ ttll^we 

arrive at the pe^od; when you.bommenced 

author. You are foAd of^Italiafi quonkionn 

■ '* ) it'- 1 ' • -^ ; ' . • 
Jl Papa i Papdf e tu fei un furfintt 

■Nodrito del pan d^attrtt del dlr mate/' .*^"' 

,... Cujus ^fi hose im<^of \f it not.^l^Cr Jijcfjnfff 
of the man, who.bpafts of his refpeft for the 
governors oPthe chuxcbin^bHe. ip ^ ?flem- 
>ly, .of ^ his . breihr,4B.sbAi.PK^fumes I \o prtfenj 
iumfel^. as the 4^t'<ired opponent; of . their 
^orerttiiHintv whof ^imerfering itf' concerns 
TorelW W'his Mitfri.^Ad %mpldypi'ptitV1ias 
^jajgned as unjult^ jbeir regular .exertions 
of authority^ witliout which , neither poriiy of 
•feUh, hor due Ibbordination can be pfrferved; 
liay who has even dared , (for why shoffTd t 
'here commemorate his unwejiried .^deayors 
,tp fan the flame of djfci)rdt aod to^eolift^* Jf 
^ffible ^ embattled prielis againiVtfaeir anainteti 
prelates ) but he has even dared publidy to. 
roock their nioft folemn'jiidiciar^l^^^'and to 
aOBijnilate their dofltrjnal decifions ^n^i injunc- 
tions to the niummeryi ofa theatrical fedotfi ^^i) 

(*) Sec Pref, tQ Mm, of'Ffnz. {k^XMiy;. .. 

F ^ 

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Tfafo 4oaceebqr^ Sir, is ftill but a ftibafctrii 
expreffioir of your coutempt of our prelatet , 
#hofe wtfaoricatiire maftcfams , 70U tell us« 
cannot now enfore fubniffioD^ (*) even m 
doCktwai difputes § which oothiog but authority 
iverjbasor will terowiatei it does not reacb 
that towering height of infultt wiib which 
you traduce, them as- men capable of violadog 
their oath and deceiving their king and country 
by a perjury, (a) The(e bold affronts might 
^ - ' ' 

' (#) M^ BeringcoM lapotaUoo it grovaded onanifl* 
foraiicjoD Y'iiich be Imis loceiYed^ (lee Mtm. 9f Fmmi^ 
p. 43i3,) that Biahopf Welmeflcry an^Oouglaft \^^%fp^ 
• counter- proteftacion. I know not chat they have deal 
fo ; boc I know t that if I had been (0 onfoaiiuce 
98 to figh the Proteftation ^f if89,,as vof^ ddkert 
4id, finder vagoe explaoatlons and an aOht«a£#^tlit oa 
path WM ^ follow k) ceriaii^ly I wpnld leeord tbfttxm 
meaning, !q which I bad accepted that deed* fioce it 
has beeo fo violently diltorted to fignify eren mnch aiorci 
than (he words , in their obvious Ihdfe, Imported. Tbi( 
thiai4ial^ 4>e6o the cafe ia aade evident by the oath t 
which was offi^ed » and which « tho' chargied with ad- 
ditional deviations. from, ^ur old principle, Its fraaierf 
and abettors 9enftant]j;matnuined to be the fame thing 
with the Proteftation. The inftmment depofited fa cbe 
mufcuni should not give evidence to pofterity, that i 
liad Aid more Jthan I really' dieanc to lay. 

Mf. SerlngtoQ aH^rcs (iMm. p. 433.) that the deed 

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indeed be expefied from the hifioriaa of 
^beillard., who has roundly den^d the very 
exiftence of an epifcopal tribunal divinely 
commiffioqed to decide dodpnal queiliony 
without appeal^ and who has prefumed to 
ailert, that fluAuation of faith ei^era, into th^ 
arrangement projefted by the divine founder 

mmmmm^m^^mmm i i ■ m ■ ■ ■ nn p ' i ■ i ■ j i t M ■ i ■■ i^— — — i.<i<» 

Which It dispoficed in the Brttith nofrrari it the $ri^0i. 
I have retifon to think, that it it potj^ and if fo, fatcly 
lio cachoHc will fuffer hit name to remaip fewcd to it. 
It foch a cafe, the ditftrence between an original wad 
PXtn a $ru0 cppy^ it of infinite confeqocnce": tut if them 
be but a comma jchaiDgfid, then It it a &Ue copy, and 
ev«y man will furely tear bit name from It. The Utc 
committee in th^ appendix to their tbjrd bine book N*. in. 
1>«14. have printed the Proteftation i(rith the following titlit 
Vi». The dielatatioH and Prot^ation figntd ^ tht Engliib 
Cathouq DissSn^bUS , in ijig. With thit title it 
ptffed through three or four printed editiont. Jt wa$ pre-^ 
Tented to the Coaqiottt of griat Britain 19 ih6 form of Ji 
petition, with o'llly the verbal variatlont nccefTary for this 
purpofii, at beibg fbi bumble fititipu ofthcfirfont . tohoft 
Ifames are hereiiHto Juifctibeif on behalf of thorn filves and 
others Catholic DitsENTBRS ofEng;UndJ See ibird blue 
*^l N". IV. p. ^x. It'ftands in the mufeuro at prefea; 
0f ihg Proiofanon and declanftion of tbe ENGLitH Catho- 
wet , writteii on the fame t)cio , on ^hlth the Proteftatioii 
Jtfcif occurt. 'Thii It 'hot then the otfginal inftrument', 
of which the coanntuee.publithtd three or four difierenc 
editiont; it it not that, which vat pr^tfented to Parliament 
in the $htpe of a petition; it if then 9 diifereflt inftrM 

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of Ae ditiitli: (^)/' Wh(i tieS; 'Sft, will be 
furprifed to heir you treat «^lb3ed errors as 
innocent theoriis csffculaied^ t& amiife the ledrn- 
^9 ( t ) or 'as exctefcencies hf^ilh imaginationt 
^f virtuotn^ harned^ and honefi men, whom 
Hhgs, prfefis und Jejhits (nicrdoUbt unjuftly) 
per/ecutef^i^) Who will be furjxrifed to find 
the ktds of t h e fe innocent T o ries a rtfiilty fcat- 
tered tbrougbout your wrkittgs, where they 
may ferment, till the overthrow ' df epifcopal 
aythority shall enaj}le theiii| to tijie gro\;?th'» 
and fpread. the iweet fruits ;of philofajAy^ 

a^nc* If cbc cjclje be 4:haQ{:ed, (CQiad/^f Mr. Betiogcon^ 
•WD reafonibg itid.^^ are we Vuie , chacVt^ere. mji ^pot 
»iro ^xiH an «lceracion in chQ context? 'A material pn&.itt 
thefignacures lias been pointed out t)y Mr^^ilner. Ef^ltf 
JDemoe, Jcu&cd p. agfy &c/ Ian noc furprifed} tbactht 
Bishops, having giyea, by their oach,,,)| pledge oS their 
duty to. government } should t^. ^PKOI^^ to bcQli^ ,xhiiif 
character from th^ imputation of baling ^g^ed whai&vjer 
the agents of theJaiLe. conimittee^jnay ,b^a\(q depofited, ifx 
the mufeum » without tbe knowledge or <;on£ent of thp 
.catholic public.; I'^e gentlemen^ who^^ by a oMJomy of 
twenty five, voted the Proteftfiju'on, int^^ the .noji^qi^. 
. vndoubtedly meant, chat the origtnul whiqii was figof4f 
Apt that a garbled ^fpy, should receiY€,^>t (lonoor. , 

(♦) Se« Life$f Abeillmr^^ &c« p. ^^i ISf. '^ ' 

Ct) P^^f' ^ ^^^' P- xx*U. 
^f) Mim. tf Tdn'z: p. 443. 

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where now you can lee onlyweeds of bigoted 

iuperilition^ Tbu$ you talk to us of xA^ 

cumbrous weight of ceremonies aadthe unmeaning 

pagtanaj wt^i^h is inconfifleot with the dignity 

of our religion i (♦) thus you regulate our 

moral coofiuft Jby the vibration of nerves { (•*> 

thus you infiauatie the deep metapbyfictl 

4ogma of the catiopality of brute beafis ; ( f ) 

and thus you doubt '^ flill more liejcvp^fly^ qf 

the expediency ofour venerable old celibaiaiy, 

canons. ( $ ) Short as tbefe hints are ^ they are 

pregnant with meaning}^ and cpntain more 

than you judged it, at that time, prudent to 

preach upon the houfe-tops : they are the 

yerbumfapienti , and dull indeed mufthe be , who 

cannot take the meaning. For though it would 

undoubtedly be a £iire inference to conclude ^ 

yet perhaps it may not be thought quite a 

ipsh furmife to fufpe^ , that the priefi: , Who 

has publicly announced his doubts of the ex^ 

pediency of fac^rdotal celibacy, has fometimes 

privately thought q\ a Jifier a wife. At' any 

(•> Sec Kefien. to J. H, p. 10. . *. 

(•*) /Wrf. p." it)b. Ptcf, to State and Behdv. p. ir. 
L^s of AbsiUatJ fwffim. 

(t) ^«/f*. ' to y, tt. ^ U* • 

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rate, Sir, it tnuft appear aflbnishiti;g to youf 
clerical brethren, that yoo would throw out 
fach flippery doubts , in a work , purpofely 
written in defence of the catholic fyftem of 
faith and difcipline,againft ati apoftate monk, 
who a liule before, had exchanged his vow 
of chaftity for a muficians daughter. The 
prieft, who could do this, war biafled, no 
doubt, by philanthropy , to flatter religiooifls 
of tfferydefcription; but, like other unfteady 
men , he muft expeA to be trufted by none, 
and to be cohtemned by all. For can God 
or can man approve his conduct, while on 
one fide he boafis himfelf the avenger of the 
much injured catholic church , and on (he 
other, (to borrow an expreflion, which, I 
think , he fotnewhere ufes ) he fuRer^ himfelf 
to carried down the rapid fiream of reformat 
tioni It will be well, if, in the end, he do 
not land upon the wrong bank , 

IlUs dum fc nimium qutrentl 
JaSat ultorem^ vagus & finlftrd 
Labitur rip&fjove noaprobante , 

Hoa. L. I. Od. d* 

I have faid enough, Mr. Berington, to 
convince you, that I ani f^r from regarding 
you as an inconfiderabie oppo^entt I have 


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( 4^ ) 

indeed creifted you as an incDnfiftent fnan; 

whofe vanity ever hurries him into contradic* 

tions} buft then I have acknowledged, that 

this is lefs to be impnted to your own native 

chara£lers than to tlte badoefs of the caufe 

whffeh you promote.. /Too well you know the 

|Krdpenfity of your cdtempotaries to chei^fsh 

tliie ffpirit of innoVatidriV and thoogh it is 

always preffctilted amidft- liiconfiftencies, which 

shoek tbe und^ftndiiigy yet it fkits not'io^ 

attraft votaries^ becaufe i't' flatters thi hesfrt' 

It is this , that tenders 70U a dreaded enemy 

of the cathdiic cau^;aml y6u know that fb^rd 

are perfons in oirf o#n body , whd are ever 

Willing t& forget "iJrmiV contradiflliobs , to 

pafliate your groffeft ettoh\i6 bladSt! me for 

detefttng and expofibg* theib; nay perhdps i 

ftw might be found, who etmilating the ^lory 

of demoHshiog Popes and Bishops , would be 

difpofed to share with you the dangers of tlid 

aflauK; and though they might yield to yod 

ihe patati of foperidt' p]rowefs , they Wotil j 

cittwd atomid you WlibitTd council/like'tfitf 

Etdean brethren , hurling defiance to the skies, 

" '"^siietfHMii Asrrs/inMi * ^ 

, a 

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, r\>u wuft be fenfiWe^.^i^ , ihut tl^ Wco , 
if-fQ^b th^re ];ye « fiappqv bie koittefl together 
ijpXQ a fQrmidable phalanjiv unlefs ypii place 
ypift^e^t^x their head ; and if you would recede 
firptn arxD^t they /would Ailbfide iqto^^acet 
qratleail into inlign^i^ancy. Lay down your 
Hfin^^r 394 flo dpubts wiji aqy longer exift^ 
hot that the^fucteeflar of St. Pcte;(r, eojpyi ^ by 
right divine 9 the upQpmmunicat^e title of 
l{ipt«me he|id of .the cithplic church : our 
coni^ue;&t duty ^oj^ (ubmitting to the imine* 
d^a;^, ppftprs him, will be no 
longer. « prpbtem.^ jre shall uo ipo/e be 
icaxi^aliied by prc^g^ls ai}d appeals agaiofl the 
men ^ to whom we have fworo obe4ience; we 
shall no longer dread, ypprthrea^e^^de^ipa* 
flraiipos^. (♦) tha|:4;, i; Jawful tq diyjefk the 
tii:ll pishop, of the exerafe of fupreme fpiritual 
r4ile^ an4 pcrhapsrtp. transfer it m that other 
chief, to. whom we havo irrevocabl}^ pledged 
Qur. fl^^y ^°^ affe^ipn, in every civil and 
temp9ral cpncern. Millake me pqtj, Sir,.! 
do not dread the wfjg|ft,,pf y9ui: ^x^pmep^,^ 
t^ey are lighter than chaff; but I, dread the 
^ifpofition of fome to prefer falfehood to truth; 
I drofiift.tb&refentmeffts, the vaiiity i.4^£Q0* 

C*) Ste mm. tf^a^. p. II. 

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ranee of others; IcfriytF^lje tnitiATe^f rcfptrtf 

ti€>ti> whick your exoSc^Htings hiVe tc^uired^ 

V - dr e ad dio fe talents^^ th^ irii^kte^if which 

you iJbaxe, hitherw.f appjifd to thfiv^Ojftiof 

parpofes.; in a woinl , I dread tb^: joint eSk& 

ofall thefe caafes , *h!di\ 6nder yodrgtilidance i 

may eaflfy* produce'a new tchifm" in jKe fnipU 

i:einnant of our ancient natioqgl; -p^rcb* 

Think noti^Sir, that i contemn ,ornildMvvahi(i 

you ; no , not even^ as a writer, -f (» thcMigh 

the degrading fpifit of neoterifm, virhich ibfSE^ 

all your thougTiii, has for fome years" pro- 

portionably deteriorated ^our liangiidgeoatid 

your ftile , yet 1 acknowledge , to fey^fotftid; 

ev^^n in your later works • befides a conide- 

tent uock of hiftoncal xqforrpajtion^ fj^^jByel] 

mitten paffages^ whidi^ i:antimKal afi^at^oa 

^prcttinefs had B(»•7rt;^1Jt<cr^yi5^fed;<lb) 

' ' . J f i' *j*/j ill I *^ 

( tf ) Many curioas mbdtis of iifoidern fiitf Wtit W might 
b^' gathered from Mr. beringcons later ^jlforks^ ^ Among 
tbe fioWbts of oratory, thfe charaaeriftVc^of^fa^'^yli 
[fSn^ tp^be.;jie ifope,.jir%> ^bcipriff^s ^cj^ ,.^« 

lences for ever Hand vritb iht^roa^ cs^i ii^fffrtff^^^'^^J^i9^ 
l»)ftqry„ of ijenry U §?f*. Jj? pfhipular i^m^ytiifL this 
fcwttty. Thus p. i^. •• To^eier t4iey^ww5 ygwncd. » 
p. 17. ** Her Louis askec( in marriage. ^ p* 40. ^ When 
«t Frederic was deaf— hi%^ etffro«nniAk«dkl9vrcC^£« 

G a 

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I h»v^ yenjKtf^ fomedmet to blame yoor 
rhetpriCft ^equently your logic } (^) but t 

M Id 'Ckh/brft ^f^a a 4€iro*t tbbot; him Ill«havd feK 
M.&t.i»: p. 4s6. ^ Oo it h^ laid a daic.«...... bm 

* ,9 neaqiogco referve for i more paittful death # p. 417* " 
I, Mjr father and my two brothers you flew, n P- S^ ** ^ 
M Beclet they caa be fevere , tho' to his prince he 
It neter'^tered laa^age fo uafeemly. «» p. 510/^ ApSm 
M aflfiHoUed the pfcUtes « abbots « deans aad bafosa of 
^the ftalm. M p. 54a« ** The duplicity , he luid oftea 
P^^^\ted^ it wottid be no^, be thought » moft ex** 
,^* pedienc to exercife. 19 &c fif pafim pit Mam. — 

'.Ssntf (bhool boy knowt, that tiie firft ftnteoc^i of hta 
exeicice has a prefcripciTe sight tp be oicely fm«othc4f 
founded .^an4, polished. It fervgi^ as a letter of recoa« 
nexfdaudii for what is to follow. I^iften to our author 
epefting thi hlftory'of Henry II. p. i. • Awful it 
M the impremon. wMch nolir fiille on my mind* wfaetf ^ 
» with the^^aiin^s.of time** long paffed open before me^ 
M I fit down to contenTplate the manners of men and the 
tf-erents of their days , and /a trau , through the man 
».of itsprogrefsy th.e m^j|n^riM 9^d^tfi49 ivan^fiewt Una 
m Of trtith. ,» Is the reader tra^i • in this fentence t 
^e jvaifuant line of good fenfe aqd CQpCftency ? 

Ip p,.>. Mr. Bcrfngtdn afltfres us, that, tho' •> his 
m gpidb, Whbm th6 coi«^l ^vered, (Roger de Hovedea 
m Wiinkiii' MeubHgeftfis, &c.) liaVe 00 ftyle that charms; 
M yet %e wili fallow them^ 6stro,eft tb briog forward their 
n nMadirned narration, ani Tatj^er" Willing to incur the 

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iUlL try to view with fome re{^£t a ptiated 
paper in my pofieflSoo, in 'which you qualify 

^ cevfure of dolneA , than to attempt* ttrnfement bj 
•9 illufive arcs or tbe fupplemflnu of iafeiui#a; ^ Ht 
f emembers the old adage , ^ Oriari .xea magna vetat * 
M concaota doceii; Manil. L i.; it te kii#Vi with Ci- 
cero 1. 3. de Fin. that ^ grandiorct its diceic ornaii 
a» ptuarile aft, plana aucem ft perlptcue pofle, ddM efl: 
M & inteliigentis Tin. ^ I kad not faigottan hit pTomife^ 
when I read hi« ^71 page , titt prototype of which ik 
old Roger, whom, he ctcta in the margin » ia «s foUowiw 
J* Viceiimi teitid die Sepcembrls Bicbafdna rei Anglic 
4» venit Metaaam in Sicilia , cnm bnrcttt multia k, aliis 
9 magnit na?ibus & galets ^ in taqcft glorift , & fonicn 
M Cttbarum & bucqinii^i , qu^ tremor apprebendit eoa qui 
» io civicace erant. Rex tero Fnnciaa & foi, & omnee 
n priocipet ciTitatia MeflOmaty & clerna & popnUs ftabasft- 
n in litcore adm|rante9 ftiper Us, qim tidtent & aodieninc 
n de rege Aoglim ft de pouftaie •e|na;<}ni com appU* 
9» caiflkt^ &c« fto, » Rog. de HoTedeo apod Ret« Ang. 
' ftripcorea p. ^3. The reader will not modi wonder thac 
.Hogert ftory is artlefa^^ becayfe he wore a cowl : b«t if 
he has an; daffical taftOy he will adntiro the unadttnmi 
ond elegant fimplicity ^ with which Mr. Beriagton , 
who .never wore t ctml^ hat deivvered Jt in finglicli. 
P* 3?i ^ Qn the ^wency^thi td, afe ammnieat was feen^ 
n proodly advancing between Scylla and Charybdis. The 
m ftieamem ftoated on die wind , and the gorgeoos- ap^ 
W pearatilce of gliftening. otjt^ , anw^uneed the approtftli 
hcf^.tpn jeaftefn m^oareh; . Bot (b^ Was heard tli« fonnd 
'!ii:Of muGc; and the^cUngor of hotnt an4 trumpets fwel^ 
• liog the biecie ivwciied.' n genetat 4dttittil!on. Tb^ 

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^ourlelf Pr6fhjp^ of Philofophy. It is now 
fi>me year} fioc^ you proclaimed jrouHelf ^^ 

^ Boblet of Mefflna, with its priefts tod people , and Miii^ 
:i» the. Fiench monarch, with his arnsy , and che£nglx«ii 
^ croiaders , a vail maltitudt , hafteaed to the beach ^ 
n gazed and Kftened. " It wae Richard king of England , 
'#» with bis galMes and their attendant vefiels, from the 
j» pore of Salerno 9 which he had lefc when news came, 
n that his fleet was at Meffina. ' He landed , &c. &c. i» 
Siaiiai inftances of daffical pnrijty may be feen In the 
death of Richard I. taken from good Roger, p. 436. and 
efpecially in the battle of Bonvines p. 534. equally co- 
pied from the coWled chroniclers of old feafon. YhU 
battle o^ BonTines, on the whole, is well fought by 
Mr. Berington; tho' his detail of tbe varhus ehanea and , 
s$chUvtmcnt$ §f it (which he promifes not to detail) 
exhibits little invention or military knowledge. Change 
the names , and the r^ will fit almoft' any battle tbK 
was fought before tb9 invention 6f gunpowder. Nothing 
was then more common , than to mcar mrm^vir ^ ttmfiid 
ty tht akUft worimgn , which sbiv$nd dr Hunted the rt^ 
£$iiing wei^»ns f andhnt u no ameufon. Often before 
king Philip, had a general been dragged from' hirhor/k 
1^ a foldior who bad fixed bis barbed ja^Un on the top tf 
his euirafs; often had kings wOb an Pheir armour 911 » 
ifrang from th$' ground^ and after reffiing a hundred fekids^ 
had been refeued by the impetuous -fury of their borfit , ^ 
p. 53S- If Mr. Beriogton had ik>i ^ifelalmtd Mihpple^ 
^ents of invention (o tbe una4§rn^d ndm^ion of the oU 
monks, it might be imagined, tiat:.aU;thif ^tna <dfMi 
from hiroM. task -book at the coMege^.^ Ilay^iothiDg of 
fbe pe4»ntry of pfing Qb^]cte:At;imw,emed wor4i| ot 

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( S5 ) 
man^ of fomt Inters, (*) and I readily admit 
your claim to that title : but it is the misfortune . 
of perfons % who fancy themfelves men of fame 
letters, that they have frequently a more im- 
portant leflbn to learn, I mean, the art of 
turning their fame leturs to an ufeful purpofe; 
and to this logic would b^ of ufe. Th^ 
remark is juft , but it is not mine. It was 
'inade , many ages ago , by the beft logiciaQ 
of the chriftian church, who obferved, rf Qui 
9>^ ^xiJHmat ss sciKS AZiQ^iD, nonduaf. 
v> eognovit quomodo oporteat earn faire. ti (U 
He that fancies himfelf a xo^xkoifome letters^ 
has not yet learned how he ought to uf«r 

The truth of this apodofical remark has 
been moft exaflly exemplified in the feveral 
writings, with which you have, during twenty 
years, difedified the body of British catholics; 
hut I mud confine myfelf to prove it from 
'your late publication, which is throughout :a 

ttflfixing uncoiDilioii meanings to thore which are curretfc. 
.Such are karJikocd^ trwbhus^ ferUtrh^ garhb^ tranquiUy^ 
muinbood for bumanity , UMour for iakour , &c« , 

if ^rRifcM. f J. a. pr 35. 

, Ct) I* Cor. 7. a, ' 

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bright illoftration of the apoftles text It it 
not indeedf within my plan to refute all the 
contents of that romance i I have not time to 
write a book as thick as yours » and a few 
comments 06 foihe of the prominent features 
of it will fuffice to point out the knowledge 
which you wanted, and the knowledge which 
you have abufe3. ^ This want' and this abufe 
of knowledge feem to import a Wilfulnefs of 
error; and how can I excufe you from it, 
Vhen you have avowedly copied writers, 
who , on difputable points , had declared tbem- 
ielves even paffionate partifans of one fide of 
the queftion ; and thro* fear of acquiring infor- 
mation, you equival^ntly acknowledge that 
you would not even read what has.been written 
on the other ^ In controverted matters, in 
which the truths of religion are not^oncemed, 
no infallible authority can be acknowledged, 
and if it be a painful task to difengage truth 
from the shades, in which it is enveloped, 
that task cannot be fuccefsfully performed-, 
ivithout eempftfing the aff e r t ions and reafo- 
nings of the contendiag patties^ and writers 
jexperienced in ihefe difquifitions have fre* 
quetly found , that Truth was ftanding in the 
middle between both parties, and was equally 
unobferved by both. For your part, you 


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feaVe Wiffbltf tUntet ynur laeft updn her, 

you h»ve reilifM «b fbiteti for th« avenyes, 

WbkA dfrghcfeftd y<« (o iKf^ and y«t yoa 

have the afitirafict t» e^ dm , that you alontf 

are In polt«fl^Q tff this tong coneeated and 

iBtereftiflg fagiffte. i^od have df(cdver«d bef 

ttitt:;<ig io (be dafty desk« of Dodd , ' and 

you fofget that tM» «m«I', whatertr hia merits 

'iiktK Ht tfihet feTpefb, iH» cettalnly Warped 

l^y ▼fofent prejodicei, ^tid ought therefore w 

Be io)ft»af(ed, thJl hii advtrfaries flbry has 

Veeti t«1d and exartiiiied. But jtn adopt all 

his prejudices, yoa #W not risk the tofs of 

one of them t whi^h the* writers ontheoppofhe 

l!de inighf polibTy Wi>e{t fh)m you ; and* though 

yott are refotved Rehhei* to re*d n«r to beiteve 

whaf (iOteitiporary Jefaits bud others have 

tranfbkttfd to o» iw tlM»A>. natters » 3^90 ikioAl 

uacen^onably espeft, that yoar cofeiftpora- 

fies sbonM read and believe yao. 0ut, iff 

am tightly info^ied, tfaey have tneted to yen 

in y6uf QWji meafure t ^aar work i» )«ft m 

thafkte, which bad a«ietided the A(foo9dirs d^ 

Ihiaaanl* tititiH y#et wdHrfnt tharity drew 

thetii forth into tight; aod where ^aoAo^tf 

has paid the pnee^ at which y ot> tajt it « many* 

of the purchafers have aoi Iab<wred beyddd 

the preface. . 


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Jq fea , Mt. Beringtoij, you come too lati 
^o the market, to fell^ libels againft the Jefuits. 
7hey are now a fiale war^ i they pall upon 
{he appetke. Thirty years ago their deftruo 
fion w^^ yet to jbe accomplished , and the 
Beripgtons of the day then flunned our ears 
ivith the rehearfal of jefuitical iniquities, more 
f}Ipck and numerous, than ever (bined a table 
^f finf in a janfenifiical prayer-book. Ac 
prefent thefe fame inen have other work upon 
their hands; they are now shaking dowa 
thrones, altars, and cfiurch-eftablishments^ 
and you are kindly lending them an auxiliary 
hand to complete the ruin. But the phantoms 
of dead Jefuits are ftilt fluttering before your 
eyes ; and white from, a remnant of afie&ed 
moderation you blame your friend Dodd for 
the afp^rity of the language, with wMch he 
addrefled them; (*) while you wish that he 
had pafled by them , like a furly mailiff, in 
fileot indignation; (f) you, with your ufual 
incoafiflency , worry them , with growl Cer* 
berean , thro* more than five hundred pages. 
The Jefuits have been fometimes reproached 
with the folly of confidering their enemies 

(•) Mem. cfPMM. p. 399.. 
Ct) Frrf^fQ Mm. p. xj. 

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(59) , . 

»s 'tben of the chtircb. I coiilcl iieVer obftnre^i 

that they were guilty o^ fliis abful'cl}(y ; but 

I have often htertl tbem remark , that ^11 

enemies of the chufch'p^rofeffed aii ehmity'tb 

them. This , I believe, was a very grcMilde^ 

obfervation; and it is equa% true, that^ 

though a few brthodox t>o€tot*s tmfikilll^ in 

the fkcerity of their hearty veiittkirfes agali>ft 

then) , yet the beit afld iMft-^adyi^herebti 

to the catholic church regret their oV»rthrt>vif i 

efpeciatty finCe providence has t>^{)iittefd the 

innovators and philofophers , - whtf hzd tUn^^ 

tf]V«d It, to (fifplay the: d»{)Yh6f«heir' plat!', 

by the (bbverfioD of a lai^e^ portion of^^the * 

catholic church, in the.defi«!u£lkm fifaheigtS* 

bouring kingdom; Inquire' of thbfe cHrtftiaA 

bonfeffort , thedifperfed prelate&of the IPrendli 

€hurehei ; they wiU ,* perhaps to a ' man v rene# 

the honourable tedimoiiy, which the)<<"ff^e^ 

4eceflor8 -gave to the* Jefoits if^''i?6tii^^ 

when the philofbpbic PftiliimentartaniS'iltffiib'- 

4atedthem to the refehtmentii of a:o€irni^ed 

4:oort> t& the ragie^ ofj^^an hypocritical fe6iv ^ 

the fury of deiftical philofophers j, and above 

all, to their own- rebellious fchemes of per* 

fonal aggrandifement, ' The langUajg^e pr^^^^ 

H % 

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fomptioa; with vbicb y<ott 4l«re to «efra« ih« 
|er»its, as fyftoma^^l |]fpof<fff of«e|M(c0pil 
jonTdifUm. JBtelMAe i»e« Mc Becuigisp, J 
kp^ itlwi« .9)«ii ^a«r <tiiBQ fF«u» TAvsif 

|B« 4priqg iMWcai «f my ibfsft yMrs« «iid ajr 
«yef were aoc -eotWBly avfirfis t« ob^vMof. 
I temmtbi^ ^ir virtafff vkh ^IcBfwne, mi 
faltered JtAfiCi of tbem xny yet be ditaacA 
^iKtti !vb»tey«f . Ungtk ihe 4i»tal«0Mr 4 
their. £ittltfi iQiiybe fiippoftd , by igaarant. H 
iii»lk»ou$4 «r l»y nopaitiel ^perioBe lo >hm 
fsteoded* I can foUaairigr sum! tvuly ^brtaee*, 
t^ dilTcefpfa t« eflcJefiiftiAl pvwem wm fM 
vpoo the 4ifl. Dud^g Inwieea yeaefi «M!h 
I fpem amoogtbe Jefuitt, I wvf^lkaiiiityfi^ 
Qu^iptcdwitkmcflibet^atftiiat hody^ eiidmiA 
C9&tii nation nrlueb ibe fiw eitiUg^QS, is £»* 
giMN) .^inuFilandeBt^ m Ffmce « in (^moMiiyiMiii 
lo ^)y ; i(d) Aad^nriag tb«c-)WigirpaGe«f «ne* 

(.0) Daring chit perM , the expnllion of theJ<raiH 
irom aU the dominions cfthc honfe dTBoartMO «n4 f*"' 
topkt hiA collefl ed into the towns of the Pofies £■">> 
ftU the Jcfbiir «f liw Sattftm «cKi(MiM sf ■diofe ^ 

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I «(B?«r witMflnl i» udMA* or heintawoM 
mffopg tbes), wlikli exfutfif^ Mr Miested 
difregard for the cooilitoted powers of ifaft 
church. Oo the contrary, the Jefaits in 
«vei<7 cpmatf lo9]se4 up fa» «h^ e|pHiMpai order 
(Bo€ {i^pp^tt^ad ifiton&\M i Uhsjr terery ^▼hece^ 
^odeavoored tp nttnt k by refipe^^ Mftlaai 
90id(% il9 thieir pr^feffioml diMicsdMdl vkoi 
tbe Jjtoinr 0f ^enffe Urudc i^eni to the |9Mia«d$ 
i« their ^^ooy, ihey heartl ataoft eteif 
Otlojiic Bttiwp Mter a Qgh at their ia«s. The 
fiiwp§ pi «be v«ry j^v prflatw, JH tfhooi k 
^oiigl^t 9Q MQpaomA jpy 4 ffiighl: fac repc»t«l 
«9 a bieatb, 9Bd, I ap.liiret thiMt tb^Aunl 
<pf ao &)g^ish name wpiiU not jbe hfard m^Ag 
thfOL If Parfoo», eke fiitbcr of the Ei^jysh 
Jefoitt mv iflfr^d with ad jwti«epiftoipalisa 
Ipirit^ 9* yoo ^I'tMiid pcrTqade m» at leaft ifaait 
l^t did net reach his latcft defocadaote;, 
who expised i^ 17:^3. Btrt «a« lim hi* -iied 

-fltrchiet, fiefides a iroftitade of niffiown from every pirt 
«f Afia, Aiafliiat^beI««aBt,Ac. ir<io,ifi'4h«lr4itile,-M 
«ot g«ite fitiA "^^ t«>W f^ ^^9^- MflPy «f ^hM» 
fiUl fiusise, to e^jfjT jtheltaliAO tpws 4f Fixi' re)i^«vs 
depottffleot. See the acconnt gUren of tbem by Qtoflqr 

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khacaa^rl Iflt^was, I ^hodOl^ fdrpeft From 
.your wntnigs , that yon were < appointed his 

'. The remarks^ which I am goitsg to make 
•on your Memcips of Gregoei^ Pan\ani wili 
kieceflicate me co fpeak of that celebrated 
man more frequently than. I wish^ becaufe 
ny plan is not to vindicate the Jefuits nor to 
write the hifiory of British catholics; I only 
viean to shew, that you hare written a fiitfe 
"One. Either of the two former fcfaemes 
would require a vohimfnou^ work; and if« 
in executing the latter, frequent meortion of 
the Jefottswiir occur, the feult is entirely 
your own, in leaving fele£led them foir the 
conftant fubjefi of your mifrepreftntations. 
If in the lad page I have roundly xlenied the 
4Boft prominent of your calumnies againfi: 
.them, it can^ hardly be thoujght a deviation 
jkom my plan ; both becaule the atrocity of the 
imputation was peculiarly .provoking , and 
.without advancing, hiftorical proofs, 1 have 
barely flated my own afTeniOo againft yours. 
^And, as Imuft now hafien to uiy remarks, 
t clpfe thi? addreft ty declaring, that I, am 
willing to* commit my eharaifler for veracity 

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agaiDft yours , to the impartial jodgment of 
tbofe, who have read and co'nfidered our 
refpe£live wrUiogs% 

I am, SIR 9 &c. 

Charihss Plowdbn. 
Oftober 19. ir93» 

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N T H E 




Hfc fuppofiid Mem6its bf Gregbfh PM^ 
%ani, t;»hich, though the fitaitneft dlvifibn'of 
the work, give the ndme to the VhoIef,'dl-e 
.bolftered up on the tw> -lid« by' ah' 2fitf6' 
daSion add a Suppliment^ afid 6a each of 
thefe three pahs 1 ii^e Mr. BeriOgtdn (bdife 
t emarks . 1 muft firft obfenre, that he 
confiders the deftru^lion of the catboUe re* 
iigion by Queen EU&beth » % neafute re- 


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eommended equally by prudence and policy ; 
and he tells us <« that the Queen refolved 
n to liften to the voice of thefe virtues , 
n in order to terminate the differences of 
n her fubjefls, and to give liability to her 
ti thronfr. ^ C) Soon after, he contradids 
all this, by deducing, that great event folely 
from her fpirit of indignant nfemmeni^ which 
was provoked by the arrogance of Paul IV ; 
and €€ to him, he fays, the defedion of 
n England from the communion of Rome is 
9> to be imputed. » ( t ) In catholic principles, 
neither policy nor indignation , but the evidence 
•f truth, isaflumed as a guide in the choice 
of religion ; and if prudence had been con- 
fulted by Elifabeth, it would furely have 
pointed out the impropriety of fubverting 
l>y violence a religion , which had been efta- 
Uished for ages , a religion , which she had 
fwarn to maintain , and which was then 
profefied by far the greatefi part of her fub- 
je£ls. .Mr. Berington lavishes praife upon 
Elifabeth, who fucceded in her undertaking; 
lie referves his cenlures for James 11, wh« 
£iiled in a fimilar atten^t to alter the re- 

(*) Mim, of Pjm. p. a* 
(t)/W, p. 34- 

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Kgion of the land. Perhaps I fay' U)o much 

when I attribute fuch a prOjeA to James i 

&T whatever his intentions were , bis anions 

announced no more than d defign to eftablish 

a full toleration of the religion , which he 

profefled, and to reftore the members of 

his own communion to the enjoyment af 

the civil and religious advantages, of which 

his predeceflbrs had deprived them. Iti the 

execution of this fcheme, neither racks nor 

gibbets, nor yet deprivations, nor forfeit 

tures , no^ confifcations ever entered into his 

thoughts. He meant to deal out the good 

things of the land with impartiality to per-^' 

fons of every religious denomination; but hi» 

intolerant enemies would not fuffer him to 

be* juft. He was unfuccefsful , becauie he- 

mifptaced his confidence, and be is rfcviled 

by Mr; Berington , becaufe he was betray* 

ed. (*) Confcientious convidion of refti- 

^ude undeniably moved James to favour the 

catholic reh'gion ; policy and intereft , which 

Mr. Berington exalts into prudence and wif- 

iom^ had alone influenced Elifabeth to defiroy 

it ; and to thefe motives , rather than to the 

(**) Uid. p. ii^.& fcq.StaU and BiUv. p. 71* Sr/#^ 

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«fifw«r of Pflol IV , ^a 4ef«£Hon of ^glaod 
iQmxli^ e^tbolic cjiurcb auuii i»e 9fqritie(]^ 

Official imfwcrs of pnoces iir« Dfually dh 
gefted'aod framed with much G0QQd?r9uoiu 
Though the ancient pap«l claims are oowdtfal* 
lowed and rejefied, t^ miufi be femembered^ 
^t Pope Paul had never « either ia reality 
'or virtually, renounced them. He was morc^ 
over the third fucceflhr of the Pope ^to vbofe 
decifion the marriage of Henry VUI with 
Anna Boien had beei^ ultimately ceff red by 
ijbe British court; and after th^ folemo de« 
termination of that great caure^ it was iiq( 
poffible for hiffia aither 9s Pope, w^ as^fo- 
irereigp^ to acknowledge the titU, w^K^.;b^ 
jflue oi^ that marriage prefered to the Bcitishi 
tb^ODev In other circufuftancas « PquI would 
prol;ab1y have concernej:) bimferf as ^tlq with 
the fucf elfion of th^ British crawo , as big 
pred^ceflbrs had dote ^ in i^ fey^a^ tr^dla- 
tiona of it from one pretender to another « 
during the two hundred preceding yeaf^.. if 
to tbefe confideratioBS be added tbQ afibonts, 
which had been offered in England to the 
religion , of which he was the chief Bishops 
and the well known difpofitions of Elifabeth to 
renew theoi } the lofty ftyle of his anfver may 

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perhaps create left Airprife, than tbeaods^itsfi 
with which Mr. Beriagton pretendf, tha^^ 
the thoughts 9n4 c^pdofl of the fovereigo 
pontifiT, ev«Q io political m^t^r^i ought cq 
bie fettered and controuled by bi^ (Ubjefts^ (fl) 
But fuch fenticnepts uttered by Mr. Beringtoo 
create oo furprife io me» when I recoUedl 

• (#) See Mim. p. 4. TheK IMchiveoa icfw ftcrfa 

Ml. BetivgtM^Avtritc Ricbariin fji^iUL f'PrhkU maktt!tk« 

VofW duty i^tf jy a|inifteria>| «^ 4ft«M»Bt upon \^oh 

yfhQm be i% i^ppQiDced comic. O^cbolip^ Md» that;cb^ 

Pope IS the fuprcne head of th^ church in all matters of 

ftith and dfTciptfoe 9 fn virtue of the cothmiffion delivered 

bjChriftte*Sc^Tecef. Mf.BeriDgtontfid his Stuff^fdfhin 

^ifff]fiMinc9Hi,>bi(Cjfat Pdpetrupffmcf t in iMcml «f 

dlfcipUoe) \% d^nyc^lt not from divine ajppointoieQC^.b^p 

from teci^ia^ical infituiinn. See theU a^pitil of Jan. 1^91. 

1^. 33. Though this do^rine he patpabiy erroneous, lee 

theoi «ot Im^ve, thai I ftigmatite tbem as bereii^ 

However, if thcj^do noc roao^ttceMid iwnkit their erroTi, 

pre may indfe^ c;ontiniie tQ pfefamq \bi viiegihy ^fitjieif 

faith , bvt we shall ^pply to th^m ^ w^C St. Epiphapios 

faid of Meletius ^Settum duntaxat fccerat , it fide non dlfcefc* 

fat, I further remark, that this StafFbfdshtrb do^rine tend^ 

astfreaif tfbterlMiiihe l))iritM«i p4l^r ofihe Popey« 

Mr. Beiint^opa dei^^matdona t9i«ft:liM teiopQtil ^ver 

reignty in Italy , and his commendation of Arnold of Brefcia 

tend to excite rebellion in the cccTeiialHcaF date. See 

Lift of /Ibtlllnrd pp. 309. 3^1 l( f^q* Wboevei « in 

thefe times , is ai^ enemy to one eftabliih^ ibvereigncy ^ 

may be prefumed to be boftile to all* . 

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tbe mighty ptaifes^ which tie has beftowed 
upon Arnold of Brefcia , Tanchelm of An- 
twerp and other Jacobins of the middle 
ages; (*) neither is It a matter of forprife to 
me, (fo much am I habituated to his contra- 
diftions) to find him eUe where pronouncing 
u the laws of Ellfabeth tyrannical and unjafiy 
M and allowing the catholics, indeed in one 
f> inftance , to have been highly blameable; 
#> but that was, when power was in their 
t> hands , and they wefe pufillanimoufis or impo- 
«) litic enough « to permitihe fpurious ofi&prinj^ 
t» of Henry , whofe difpoficions they weU 
99 knew, to mount the British throne. Our 
«• fellow -fufferers in France « (the Hugoe- 
t> nots) he adds,' would have played a better 
» game. >Kt) All this affords no fubjefl of 
furprife in a man , who is one day to write a 
book of Ritraclations ^ u to shew die progreft 
t» (in philofophy) which be has made, fined 
t) he commenced author; » (§) and we muQ 
be content at prefent to h^ar hm extol the 
wifdom and fagacity of £li&beih, <# in mo^ 
99 delling a Parliament to her own defires , in 


(♦) »w. p. 3cp. If A^. 

*(t) Prif. to Refiea. to J. B. p. Wij. 
(S) ^'^- '^ ^^* •f^^nzanl p. xzx. 

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»» alteriog the whole fyftem of religioti in a 
ri fiogle feflion^ ^nd in breaking down at 
r* ^nce the whole mafs of papal jurifdidion^ 
t> becaufe the whole fabric of it feemed to 
99 be the contrivance of human ambition on 
9» one fide, and of weak conceifions on the 
VI other. H (*} I am not fufiSciently verfed in 
Mr. Beringtons philofophy to comprehend <| 
how weak conceffions could contrive a fatric of 
jurifdiBion; but I am fufiiciently acquainted 
with my religion to know, that the umilier 
nable fpiritual right of fupremacy, refidingin 
the firft Bishop, was underftood as well in 
the days of Elifabeth, as it is at prefent; and 
I know that a woman aflumed it. « How 
99 should a date proceed , fays Mr. Beringtoug 
t) now convinced that fuch a paramount jurif* 
99 didUon was incompatible with its (bve*' 
•> reignty, than at once to break down the 
n whole maf$^ confcious at the fame time, 
i> that their decrees would not affeA what was 
« really divine and primitive. « (t) I repeat 
again, that this language creates in me ne 
furprtfe , becaufe IVIr. Berington has declared 
in his preface , « that he xs not of my reli- 

C* ) Biem. 0f Panzatfi. p. p. 4- *• T- 
Ct)i*W.p. 8. 

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m glon, ♦> (*) which certairiyeia^ls from isl 
a beikf^ that the fopremacy of thef firft Kshbp 
is oF divine inftltaiion, and that it canoot be 
vrelled from bim without a cHme. The thing 
which furprifes me ia, that denyinj;, as be 
noft certainly appears to do^ this article of 
catholic faitb.| heftili continaei to call himfelf 
a champion of the catholic church ; my f«^ 
prife i$^ Akt twelve catholic priefi) are fbtMdt 
who will adhere to his protefiations ifgaioft 
epifcopal juri(di£)Hon , and fbflfer a work to be 
iofcribed to them, #hich tends direClly to 
deny that of the fovereign pontiff to be pri» 
mitive dnd divine. Perhaps the good meti 
were not let into the fecret of Mr. Berinc^ons 
inuntionsg m wtiting the f)bove cited paflEage. 
Perhaps they forgot to compare it with his 
idofitint in ifS/, when be taijght us, that 
the Popes Supremacy, which li renounced by 
the oath erf* Elifabeth ^^h as tnuch of a itH* 
«i gious natute , as the (acramem jtfttf of the 
» lords ftipper.«(t) 

, Whatever this fupremacy waa* in itfeff ^ 
or may be in Mr. Beringtod^ creeds the 

(*) p. tzxiv. •' . 

Ct) M^^fi to tJk Pni^. Difcnt, p. a/. 


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PatlSament moddhi to Elifahahi dtfim fettled 
It in its foil extent upon their mifirefs ; and 
I here defy Mr* Berington to produce from 
hiftory an aft of any ancient Pope, invafiye 
of the legal and eftablished rights of princes ^ 
which, in hardlnefs of ufiirpation, can be 
Compared ^tfith this female aflumption of a 
povrer , which had been attached through 
ifiore than fifteen cemuriei, exclufively to the 
firft chriilian Bishops He has produced the 
Queens fubfequent ladmonition^ contrived to 
foften, if poflible, the rerdting features of 
this afionishing deed; but the citatioh 6f iJiis 
fubfequent admoniiiop is a pitiful evafion^ 
which can never elikle ndr excufe the naked 
b£k. A woman really declared herfelf veiled 
with a fpiritual commifllon to govern the 
church ( and she fupported it , as her fatfier 
had done, by axes and gibbets eredled agaihft 
tbofe , whom confcience forbade to acknow- 
ledge it* It is idle and nugamry in Mr, Be« 
fmgton to tell us , that this bufineft was left 
for future explanation. (*) Articles of faith 
are not fub^£ked to the explanations of Qpeens 
md courtiers , or of parliaments modelled, to 
iheir dtfires; and as long as fiatute books and 

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biulieotic hifiones 3h^l exift , they will give 
undeniable evidence ^ 'that the all complying 
parliament of Henri VIII mea^nt to veft in 
that monarch all the fpiritual authority , which 
the Pope had previoufly enjoyed, and that his 
daughtec Elifabeth aflqmed the full extent of 
her fathers new prerogative. She doled out 
and she refumed her ghoOly gifts at pleafore; 
for she was fupreme j.ahd who should controul 
herl Venerable colons mark out to the 
CAtholk Pope the cautious mode of proceeding 
to the fufpenfion of depofition of Bishops ; but 
BSfabeth^ frowned from the height of her fu- 
pfemacy, and all the fpiritual powers of the 
'primate of England inftantly vanished, (tf) 

(0) See Che hiftpry of archbishop Grfndals fufjpenfioa 
ia ColIycT Vol. a. p. 553. The Qu^q commands die 
txcrcife of prophefying to be fappreiTed, and homilias xm 
be read inftead of fermoiisk ' (^rindal expoftohces^ The 
Queen chacges the other Bishops to difcontioiie the 
praftice •f prophefying and ^ about a month after. Grin. 
M dai opntinuing incompliaot , was confined in his hooft 
n and feqoefiered froni his jarifdjftion for fit monthly 
M This reflraint was chipped apoo him , when he wat 

n goings on his* mecropolitical vlfitation Dr. Yatas 

^ a^ed for him during his fufpenfion. m Afttr the fix 
months, he makes an apology in a letter to the Queen; 
but , »» this letter not being refigning enough , the feqoe& 
y» cration continued, n The convocation petition withooc 

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They wefe trahsfertd from arohbf^Op Gifndat 
to a fubftitute of her ovro- s^j^piotmiAetiiv and 
this fpiritual z& of kifpe^&on gave t&a^cf 
to the threats' of deprivation^ -wWch she dt^ 
flounced againfi the reft of her liew modelttd 
clergy i (tf) unlefs they would eOffcdr ttf 

fuccefs for the reftorttion of the primate , who ^t Feogth 

fobmus by a deed dated augdft ti. 1580. This^a^ir is^ 

fbppofed to have iiccelerated his deai^ , Which 'happetr^^ 

fooD after. This fa^ aldne jdemonfttaiet againO; Mt. Bt^ 

fiiigton, chat cb? ecclefiallical headship , which Eiilabech 

alTamed I was undetftood bjber to involve that truly 

fpiritual power, which catholics' believe to be theV/^iW 

and primitive prerogative of the Pope. It equally refujieiB^ 

the meagre argomepts, with which Sir J. Throcktnortoti 

attempts to prove , that the. oath ' p^ Supremacy means 

fomeching different from the common'^acceptation of the 

words. Such reafoning wilt Xiotnoii fucceed with English* 

•atholics. See the complete refutation of it ia EuUf. 

Dimoc. dtudttd, p. 16a & feq. ' \ '* 

(jl) Seethe Queena^fpeech at the difTalution of ParliaToenc » 

march sp. .1535. ^ Oo^ matter conchet^ m^ fo neere, 

M as I may not overskip; r,eUgioo , .t^e, ^round^ on 

M which all other matters ought to takeroote, apd being 

M corrupted, may marr all thii tree'^ and that cher^ bfetoine 

m fault-finders with the order of the' clergie, which (it may 

n make a flander to myfelf and the churcli , vihoft ovirioiktt 

99 god batlf madt me; whofe negligence pnnotBe ieicojed^ 

n if any fchifmes or errors heretical wer? fuffercd. Thus 

* M much I muft iay, that Ibme faults and negligences may 

f» growe and be, as in all other great changes it hap{»e* 

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( f « ) 

frusb ptiritamctl fchiiix^iticS) who i^elbised 
to chttfe for themfelvtp a religion , which she 
had not prefccibed not approved. Catholic 
gainfayera of her fapremacy felt the firength of 
her f{;cular Btia^ in deprivations « fines ^ exile^ 
chains and halters ; a|ul the new gofpellers of 
the age did not dogmatize with impunity, (tf) 
indeed Queen Elifabeth was, in the firid 
fenfe of that word, a perfecutor. She perfe- 
cutedeven the pre$byterians, whofe fuppofed 
attempts to overthst)W the church, which 

n neth..... AU whicli, if you my Lords of the clergiQ 
It' do not imend , 1 mM$ to depo[$ you, Xodke ye there- 

' t» fore well to your charges I muft yeelde thil 

99 to be true, that I fuppofe few , that be no profbflbrSt 

M have read more (than I.) I fee manle overbolde 

ft With god almighty 9 making too manie fubttl fcaaniogt 
n of his blelTed will, as lawyers do with human tefta* 
«t' ments. The prefiimption Is fo great ^ as I may not 
^ fuSer it , nor tolerate -newfanglednefk. f mean to 
^ guide them both by gods "Irritten rule, n Stowes An* 
aals. p. nai. ^w prhHIegio regi4 mnjefath d. B. i6o^ 
dedicated to the archbishop of Cant^bury. ' 

.; i^^XSee the Proclamatiop againft the feftaries of tb§ 

Smiiy of love y Odt. 3* ijlBo; the burning of MattfaeW 
amont at Norwich for h^refy May ao. ejufd. an. the 
execution tf Elias THacker and John Coping June 4. isHt 
for writing againft f^« rjook of common f^aytr; ibe burnhig 
of John Lewis for hcrefy in dotijing ib§ ^odbead tfChrif% 
Sep. iz» tod. an. Howes ufon Sf9v. Suh his ana. 

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tbis very Queen eftablished, Mr. Beriogtba ^ 
by his own confeffion, views with plearur« 
anddelight* (*) With what decency then can 
he extenuaxe and even commend' her feverity 
to catholics ^ while » confidently with his own 
profeiBons , he cannot applaud it , whep 
extended to diflenters^ If 1 expected con*' 
fifiency firom him, I would ask, with what 
face he can defire the overthrow of the efia^ 
blished church , the public fervice of which 
he fo highly applauds o as dignified and de- 
« cent , and well adapted to the fedate apd 
n philofophieal chara^er of the English peo- 
ft pie <i^ (t) With what confiftency can he 
preach the catholic religion, which he every 
where reprefents as debafec^ by i<ile ceremoniee » 
and tyrannized by haughty pontiSs and afluming 
Bishops? With what confiftency can he exult 
in modem attempts to overturn the eftablished 
(hurch# (S) while he commends the catholic 
clergy ibr fiibmitting to the laws of Eti&beth, 
which eftablished it, and declares that u fuch 
«» refignatioQ was then become their chri^ao 

(*) See adfinft fo Prottft. Difint, p. 41. 

(t) lf««. p. ir, 

($) Jddufs $0 Pronfi, .Difcnt. p. 41. 

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n dtity^ » (•) It w true Aat in rite next 
|>9ge , he terms this very conduft of the clergy 
a i^dk policy; but this fnconfifteocy only 
proves, that his ideas are as unfetded as bis 
religton; it demooftrates the troth of what 
I exprefled to him laft year, « that the roan 
t» who has once abandoned found princi{4es, 
n will never afTume others, whk^i are con- 
«» fiftent. »(t) . 

To exemplify the truth of this remark, be 
fnbjoins a note to this part of his work ; and 
I leave the meaning of it to be unravelled by 
thofe , who can uodierftaod it. It conraieqds 
the moderation of our governors in an age 
vf perfecation ^ and invites us to compare 
the behaviour of our countrymen under more 
Aan common irritation of human pajli<ms in 
the days of the moderate Elifabeth , with the 
conduft of the modern exiled cfergy of 
France, placed in circumftances offime difficulty 
and of greater opprejpon. ( J ) I am quite be^ 
wildered amidft this jumble of confiifed ele* 
ments, and I am equally at a lofs to conceive, 

(*) Mtm. p. i6. 

(t) Remarks cn^ &c. p. iqS. 

C$) Se« iw/tf p. ift cf Mm. 

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( 79 ) 
in what fenfe he qualities the caufe of the 
French cooyention with the epithets gnat 
and ruMe^ while he acknowledges, that it is 
profecuted with defpotifin , inioUrance , and 
ddlibirare barbariiy., Nojt all the zQis of dif* 
refpeA to royalty ; not all the horrid deeds 
of fchifm, of rapine and profanation of (acred 
things could degrade the /French revoIutiof| 
in Mr.Beriogtons eyes; it wasiyet a great znd 
noble caufe, untill it was iiained wUh royaU 
facred and innocent blood* The truth is , the 
unanimous voice of England checked him ia 
this place; it witheld him from fiigmatising the 
f'rench clergy as papiiiicajl bigots and re- 
fractory fubje£ls; and by a kind of retrograde 
ofcillatory motion 9 he feems to dagger to 
their fupport, and in their favour , he demands 
reparation to be made to innocence , virtue^ juj^ 
tice, and evert to manhood. And why np^ 
as well, to infancy, youth, and old age^ 
This muddled note may be recommended as 
a true model of modern philofophical writing; 
but where is the comparlfon between the Bri« 
tish« and the Gallic prieHhoodl In fome 
points of view 9 it would feem that the advan^ 
tage nes ra,ther on the fide of the Frendi 
clergy. For not only a greater proportional 
number of them have preferred confcience to 

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iBtereft ; but hitherto they have H(6 enjoyed 
the advantage and blefling of being united 
among themfelves. If we could compare 
the perfecutions ) which thefe two bodies of 
men have fuftained — but the wHd rage, 
the frantic ferocioufnefs of the foos of phiio* 
fophy in France, outgo , beyond meafure^ 
whatever crimes we might attempt to con* 
front with them from the annals of paft ages; 
and yet the feverity of filifabeth was more 
deeply fhidied^ more fyfiematically purfued^ 
more craftily concealed under the fandion 
of law, ahd was ftill not lefs unrelenting^ 
than the modern effufions of jacobinifm, which 
have ftained France with .the blood and have 
adorned England with the virtues of the Grallic ^ 
priefihood. In oue refpe£l, the perfecuted 
clergy of England in the days of Elifabeth 
nay claim a pre-eminence; I mean, in the 
aftive zeal, which they difplayed, to fecure 
a fucceflion of their miniftry from foreign 
countries , when their caufe became defperate • 
at home ; and in the magnanimous ardour^ 
with which thofe wonderful men, undifmayed 
by the flaughter of priefts , under Henry VIII ^ 
continued to encounter death g in defence of 
their religion , for above the fpac^ of a 


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Century. (4) We moft wait the eooHe o# 

events^ and feewha( mifflooary expeditions of 

the fame kind the Freoch clergy m procefs 

of time may be infpired to attempt. If they 

ever undertake them > they will be works of 

religiouf seal ^ and therefore they will be op* 

pofed. They may eren have their Beringtons 

hereafter ^ to condemn their labours tod 

itifulc their fufferings, to trample upoo their 

memory and arraign them as traitors, efpe* 

cially if they should fucceed to eftablish 

houfes of education in foreign countries » in 

order to perpetuate their miffions. And this 

briQgs me to the origin of our tranfcaarine 

feminaries , which Mr» Beriogton fo loudly 


I can eafily account for his eovetaomed 
enmity to thefe feminaries! Twenty three 
years have now elapfed , fince he made his 
firft e&y to ingraft the improvements of 

<i» } Bit&op CUiUontrs M$m9iN 4 i»i/Matf prUfk^ tit* 
co&uia in accoont of aliove two hundrefl pricftt , ind 
^0T» tb'an fixty lay men and womeD , csxecuted op re}!« 
giouaaccountt, between theyeaft 1577. ^^* ^^*> befidca 
aa hmoeDfe timber* Who Were €0ttdediiie4» ot iyftoe4 
lapn(taflu»t|.coiifi&atioiia atfaaniihaaK osdmfiuiiifi^i^ii 


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toodcrn pbilofophy upon the catholic tenets 
profefTf d in their fqhodls. But the old Ilomaa 
Hock would not coalefce with thefe exotics 
of recent ipaportation ; the foil was unfavorable 
ko their growth, the withered branch was 
quickly lopped off and it was caft away. 
No doubt was ever entertained in the college 
at Douay^ but that the whole mafs of pdpal 
jlLirifdi£Uon contained fome thing that was an 
objefl, of catholic faith; and of courfe, that 
the decrees of Elifabeth and her parliament , 
whiph had overturned this whole mafs had 
offered fpmething that was primitive and divine. 
The prieds of that feminary never fufpefled , 
\hat it was their chr^ftian duty to bow their heitds 
in Jilent refignaiion ^ that is , either to furrender 
their religion, or to ceafe to maintain and 
pr«»ach it , in fubmiflion to thofe laws. Here 
we have ^already more than is fufficient to 
difguft lyir. BeringtoQ with foreign feminaries, 
even though the ftyperiors o^ them had not 
difmifled him from the chair , with which he 
had been complimented at Douay. But be 
derives all the grievances and' fufi^rhigs of 
English catholids from thefe odious feminaries, 
and he commends the Queens gentlenefs te 
theprofefro^s of the old religion in the years t 
which preceded the foundation of them. If 

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'^n the clergy and Isiity had Quietly, ocquie&ed 
in EHfabeths reform « (Vom a principle of 
chrifiian duty , undoubtedly there w^u^ld hare 
been no perfecutioh againfi the catholic:: r«U- 

' gion. But Mr. Berington forgets the fevere 
laws, which were etiafled againfi it, -and. die 
sxecutions to death for the crime of denyiog 
the Queens fpiritual fupremacy, which had 
enfued, before the femioaries had yet any 
exiftence : flill more he forgets Jris oan/ii 
aflertioo* relative to this vfery period*, ^ tliat 
t» to worship god after the old form *a&-pro* 
99 hibited in public and private , and that iihe 
99 fcheme of founding feminaries abroad , wis 
w the only means now left of preferving 'from 
99 utter xuin the fmiMI ^remains of cath6iicicy 
99 in Engiand. >»(^): J. entirely agree widi 
-him, that the feverity of tbofe hiws wascuioce 
than doubled , when^ \ the Seminary - prieds 
entered upon the fcene : fpr their appearance 
called forth a multitude of catholics^ who, 
intimidated by perfecution; had ndt- . dared 
piibliclj to profefs their faith i and it is an 
undoubted truth , that if there n5w be a body 
of English catholics, ta share the favours of 
|;overnment and Mr. Peringtons reproaches; 

(*) See Stan and Betav, p. p. 25. and 17K 


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thdf «Kifieiiee it pdacipftUf mmg^ woStr 
God« to the coetiimadofi of the ctibolie an 
niilry^ ^mcmtd bjr tbe taduihriotts seal of 
Cardsoal Alleo and F/ Robert ParfeiK I 
might with jtiftice odl thele floeo die tmo 
patriaicbs of our pftfeot diwch. Tbetr 
meinory will be fat ever in beoedidkm; and 
in commemonitiDg the bleffiags wbkb tfaejr 
have eotMiod opoo m, I hope it will one day 
be forgotten « that the duef of their illufirioos 
femkiariea bad tbe tnisfortuoe to engender 
IVlr. Berington. Their main ofajeft was id 
fefiore tbe aohoUc rdigion in Engiaod 3 
]&tifabeth and her mioifters dreaded the fucceft 
of their oeal; they counterai^ed it by nalti- 
.plied precautions and f eaal faws; and ibefe 
were dirked « as well to crash tiie aAeients 
to the trld religioa at home 9 as to ^xtenni* 
Date the new preachers of it , who in deftanw 
of penal rigours, ca»e to lupportaod to 
propagate it from abroad* They were not 
fatiified with this« The Qoeen, « wbofe 
H policy y 6iy8 Mr. Beringtoo , w» /o cooci- 
»» liate the minds of men , and not to divide 
•» them , «> <^) employed the more fiMe afi4 * 

(•) Af#». p. 18. 

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siatt efficackros meafiire of fowiog dhrifiosf 
•motig the csithplici, and id tUs, for tb«)r 
greater utal, providende periBitted ber t9 
fucceed. (4) The ecclefiafiictl aooali of 
almoft every natioo 9 which has beeo cop verted 
to chrifiiaoity, exhibit the impedimeotSt wbidi 
difcord has every where oppofed to the work 
of God i and I have before me a MS* treatifi^ 
written by Parfoos with refpeA ^ the period 
of which I am (peaking ^ in wbicb he detailp 
sod deplores ks e&£Uf in language equally 
ikuplet pure and pathetic* Mr* Berington 
prefumes to tell us on bis own credit without 
proof, or at bed , on the report pf the JDoil 
bitter enemies of Parfoas , that this father wa* 
the fource and author of the fciiSoQs# which 
^fuoited the exiled catholics i (*) and I tell 
Mr, Berington^ ihat having read over a mul- 
titude of MS* writings aodl^tt^n^of IWfow* 
addrelled to Popes t kings , cardinals t Bisbopa 
and the principal chara&ers of the English 

(j) I bdiere thit tk rctdcr imy tni , la Cmden 
jfnnaL P. II. tn explicit tvowal , that the difii(rrciii«ot^ 
among the cacliolict Were craftily ;fomented by the Qoeent 
eaiffliries, eTpedaUj by Bancroft Bishop of (lOndos; 
^ut I have not the bode by me «t prefenu 

(^)Ihjd. p. 114. ~S4- 

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fcatbofic clergy nnd laity ,1 find him evefjr 
where like himfelf, glowing with zeal for 
tlie fupport and progrefs of catholicity , ex- 
Mufting his credit for the relief of his difirefled 
^rountrymen, undifmayed by oppoficion, ever 
Supporting fpiritual authority , and continually 
inculcating due fubordination , charity and 
peace, with motives and language, the moft 
forcible , tender, and paternal. Mr. Berington 
aflerts, » that with the found of his name are 
«* alTociated intrigue , device , firatagem , and 
^ all the crooked policy of the machiavellian 
->y fchopli ri (*) and I anfwer him, that in this 
•arbitrary character'; be has only copied 
^amden, de Thou, Thoyras and Bayle, the 
^vowed enemies of Parfons' religion and pro- 
feffion; while he blushes not to own, that he 
lias not even read what has been related to 
4he credit of h'rs memory by catholic hiftb- 
Tians , who wrote at Rome , from original 
ideeds, letters, and traditions of his cotempo- 
raries. He retails what a Mr. Mush (i?) and a 

/■ ^ 

* (•) Msm. p. 05. 

^a) John Mush, from being t menial fenrant, w»s 
advanced to the rank jof a ftudenc coovidor in the Eo- 
glish college ac Hoihe. For fome years he petitioned co 
t>e admitted into the order of the Jefuitt ,,. bat be was 

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few others have flanderoufly imputed to him ; 
but he does not add, that theie men were 
his profefled enemies, and that they \rere 
wedded to a party, which equally oppofed 

conftantly refufed, on account of his turbulent beb&vjouf 
in Che college. He betaiie an open enemy of the Jefuics^' 
and he was a principal author of the difiurbances i^ 
Hi^hich enfued in England. He wrote the DuUratU 
motuum , &c. cited by Mr. Beriogton , in proof thac 
Parfons was a Machiavellian. I have by me an ancienc 
MS. entitled ^dnotationes hreves in UBillhm quendam fedi-- 
tiofum , 9 ifipnitis eatumniis nfertum , pr$$hyief$rum quo^^ 
rundam n$mine edimm • qui inferikitur , DecUratio mth- 
tuutttj &c. In this refutation of Mushe^ libel, frequent 
aiencion is niade of the principal work written againfl; 
the pretenfions of the appellant priefts , viz. jfn apology 
in drfcnfs 9f utU/Ufii^al ftibordinaihn. This Work oughc 
to be read by whoever wishes to know the merits of 
that caufe. Mr. Mush and Mr. Colleton Were both 
fufpcnded from the exercife of fpiritual powers by the 
archpriell in the year 1600, on account of their conduct 
in the bulincfs of the appeal. They were both warm , 
^ven violent » in the caufe ; but they never thought of 
{tublishiog throughout England a foUmn proup againfl 
tbclr fu/penfion 9 as againfl a m$afuf€ arbitrary ^ unjufl and 
uncanonicai. Sec the. addrcft of th^ Staffiirdsbire t>riells. 
Dodd Vol. II. p. 355. records a proteftation of Mush oi 
a difierent nature , in which he protefts , that he will^ 
fubmitto the decidon of the Pope and chat he will not 
oppofe the authority of the archprieft, untill that decifioa. 
he known. I find, by a letter of Henry (jarnet wricte|(^. 

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P&rfods and Allen , the Ctfdiimlf procfc* 
tors, the ^<^^% aod all ^ the ecctefiaftial 
foperiors , who were appelated to govern 
them. Such glaring partiality muft at once 
*de{lroy his credit for hifiorical veracity^ and 
readers, who wish* to form a fair judgment 
of this extraordinary m^n, \irill naturally 
compare Mr. 3eringtons ule with the rela- 
tions of Juvencius ttnd Bartoli ; and their 
trouble wiU be well requited, if they haye 
iny relish for ^e pure and eloquent langua- 
ges of ancient and of modern Rome, (a) 
The whole life of Parfons was an uninterrup- 
ted feries of labours and fufieraigs indie caufe ^ 
which he had efpotifed; he was cotifidered 

la i6oa. chat Mash and Colleton bad thai made robmif* 
fioo to the i(rch{»rieft; and that. Garnet havtag gone to 
London purpoTely to meec Mr. Coilecon^ a recoocibV 
tion had enfiied between them , in the prefence of the 
nrchptieft pnd of Mr. Birkee , who was his focceffor. 
See a letter of Mr. Colleton to Oarnet, with the anfwer. 
4tpfiit N^*. I. 

(4) Thelb two authors ate here mentioned, becaoTt 
Aeit metit is decided. The curibns reader may likevift 
ind AMch infefmation in Mores mft^ Pf$v, dng. Bombi* 
iius Fita Edm, Cmnpiani. Mathi^s' Tannerus in Pirfonh: 
and efpecially in Mangold , RejtixhHis in c^utin.^ hif. 
$hU$. C. JUufU. T. III. A init. ad p. 314. 


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US a principal agent in i€« ht was conful* 

ted Md tf ufied ia • ildRift , every ' meafinre $ 

by' the DD/Alletiv Bairrett^ BlackwtU ; 

Wit. GVbiniind4ihet adiiidwledged leaderj 

in the'cMiiolkt icMwenM; ind ber -ttiainalifled 

wiib xWe 0en^ aif intimate corte^ondeMi^^ 

fritndshkp and ludtttui Tb^ sibttifAititicm ^nd 

iiipp^rdo^ of feminaricsr abroad vas the priin* 

leApdt^Meatts V'^hich; theyUnpioyed to^eore 

iWdefs ih 'tlieir lindemal^fig, an(£ tothisatl 

fbeit': vneaicires ' ^mre ' diretfUd/ Parfohs , fiot 

only obinuned pecunkiry ftkrcoiirs^fiiii't^^ cbt^ 

teges of Rbeims Ud^DU>lDe, botrlia fiHtAd 

meapi' tb ere& and ^ttle!niore^'f(AtiiniMries<j 

than, all the othe9-&ithciicexik»'{o^i1kk 

In die profecutkn lot* thi^ifMifinlfe l^'dinfldf 

di<iiov¥r that partiaHity^Arf hfs'oWb bo%i| 

^di wbidb Mr. Berlngtoianr^oachM^IM'O^ 

He iiadj^ent near twenty. yeqrs in affift i pg ; 

or founding feminaries, for miffionary cler* 

^(p^li^ Ijiefore he:;b^ a thought o^efiabtisfai^ 

it Jfift^gie Jhoufe for his. own bo<]lyv7fIiKl«^^ 

waa only about the beginotng of ;tbe ttigm 

of JatiiA I\ that the English Jefuits began^ 

tif affaiie jhe a'Jipcarance'd^ cott)obte bo^Jf > 

viich . roTgh^^ ei^j^er envy'^' ot be ep;vi^4rby 


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others. UDtilt ttiat dhf.^ |hey hsd. fieldoa 
(npre thfMi tw^veoir gfi»pn^indLvi4ua(s :09 
(be^ Snglisb ipi^iofi 4t 9Qe tifpe , all dft^ched 
fwBki>?eign pirov|iifif»:9f their foijifttyi while 
llicifrifligary, pnefii3,aw«i0ted to gbove thiree 
^updfsd* '(^\ Th« UicoQMeiii«ncies eyperieo- 
fied }^i£>0« Ailfin^ Barjrett^ &c from ibc 
adfntflSan ^f fti^deots 9 who were already ad* 
yflQC€)dnto:^lDaohoQd V Jfuggefled. to, Parfoos 
therideajof fpcming/a college 9 ioto.ifrbidi 
wAyik^y^ should be admitted^ frooi..afiMmg 
W^^POkijaftitr tbejf j&ffteducadon 10 piety and 
gfftjomiri ^^pllM 4)ri this edher feminaries 
{iHglkt^jibe :feU£led. He executed this plan 
IMI t^oViite 4'Eu;» tiodefl the patronage of 
tiMniob$ pi Gi»rei»:j ani , afterwards noder 
^.of ^ Kiog ^Spala^ atSu Qmer;. hat 
Vfr^lkMki he faad-ntt.j^et.aa idea (tf fbmuiig 


C 41^ A^ttt cbis time a confiderabie oombcr of Ea- 
IlKsnmen entered into cne fociety oTthe Jefoic^ In ido7« 
tl^ c^ftMM iiioQfe of hoVlciattt^tc "^atteb in flaiitoii 
SHAiffl i^ « coltege At 'Aodioa sbiLiiige;/lii 10^ 

prPX^W) r.?P<} ?WP} |J*;^.SM^ 8lv»t .qr. ^b|i(l dieit ficft 
p]^oy]nci(d. to 1^4^ the ED|iitii droVittce noabered three 
tiendrM tnjf fi[frf fcveif "filrloDi. In^iri6 thfejr were 
ch^ee DQiidred end fiftj; ' In * the laiccf ~ jeifi uf thfir 
eiifteocOi they were sboat three biio4fe4^ - *.'. \^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

thm Etiglkh Mints intoa^iftiAaikRlyf Irthd 
ordeb,. arid be pUioedr kifi ieVtfn4 fitfURflsBiM 
under the divefttouof the Jcfdif/^oF^tM 
finretfilopmirier^'infwttdi^chey v/i^t t^tedi 
Tiiii doadyft of Psxfctii defevt^^ » ^^fltedU 

I iMieve the ittalt partial iitetUn ^tlitf 

Jeftiits will alttn^, ibat at kaft in tM itoA 

ootfet bf tbdr Ibde^ and. durifig' iuii (lriiMii»* 

^▼eyeaiSy tHey bad, ataaong th^ir. tWranl^oic 

nriea , a confideial^le dtgrae of t:^ntiip9racfV0 

merit. Hie rapid propagatioii xvf thilr oMm 

tuid dieir prindpai ettitt-wtn derittd^iibin 

the Alleges and ibfaoioUi,^ which' ihe^^^^fiuvf 

wfaerfr opened for tbd: itiRxtnGAou^jofi^jkfiG 

Withom compaHbg .dienr a^egtk inrith;tbe 

acadeoiits^'Wfaiet^ now ftairiA ita<.tlie-!pmfti)t 

improiEed ihte of learniog , the Jeibits ' fchools 

in the fizteentb century^were certainly^ re^Koned 

the heft, that were, then jcnpwn ;;aRd iW^jf 

they nmft have had (bmey merits when i|bcjp 

eoiitd' exblte the adteiVaf itfn bf ilfe^aMlP/yft^ 

of ttic' age , eVen^ ^^ M^ M««' ^W^cife'lier 

BagQn. iThey had hee9;piaced^iit, ^e, jxead 

of the-fiffft fennnary of the chriftjan'^worldf^ 

fModed by Vope Pins iV in eodfeqnefiiM^^ 

the decree of the council of Trent; and the 

M a 

Digitized by 


ftveetlibttiMttl fe&iioaries eeefted ftfver#afii 
stRoONU ted been tnttnflied to their^( 
tioo:i On Uie ;DifcarriagQ:o£the &ft. 
10 fettfb the new Eng^ feminwy at 'Rome 
liiui«f^(0ir<: Mtiulot Clenock) they Ind been 
called in , though after many demorsoD tiie part 
of the Pope and the Cardinal prote^or , in com- 
pliaORe vIlfa^headTiGe oTik. Allen ^aufl fhe 
alflpiofi unanimous petidoa pf /th&iluctents; f^) 
andi^tte qtherfeminar^esi&mndedbyPaefbM 
at fifnttevValladolid, Ville d!Ea tsLC.ymo 
allb can%ned to ihtvKi^ it was eiah^r be^ 
caufe otbtr iiiillitutors werenot to bi fboudf 
m l>kciauie.they were jefteemcd to^ be: the befi 
qualified, il ha^e feea letteri of DD. AUtu 
B6iBarf6Ct^injffh9^ thdy plead their inaiBiity 
to fiirtaiih fopeiiof s aad>pfDfeflbr8 for the otbtf 
femkutroBi^^ffrofn diit ^of Douay or RlieiBSt 

C^y I^t^ «o accouDC of -the jcfuits beiag calleil to 
tliMi|h':ic iir iyvkUoifly.iHiliaMd by JMrJJcnograa; 

ikrfgue I 

thit.msarifre^in^idi wit tetGjpilttiMI ky ffaietm; and 
^B^^fi^S^'J^iWU ado^41;arte| cte moft nut^re.^^t 

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not bfcauf^ the boofe was unprovid^ of tniA 

adequate to thofe employinedts , but becauft 

their fervkes- were effemially^ required in their 

own houfe V Of in the Eagliith ifiiflibn. So 

little did Parfoos aim at the aggrandifement 

of Eogliflh Jtfoits in thefe difpiofitiotis , that 

he always preferred foreigners in the govern^^ 

ment of his feminaries, to order to fpare the 

few English Jefuits for the great work: of 

the tniOion. 1 have his letters to F. Crefwe!!> 

in which ie rebukes him , rather with feverityj 

for his attempt to procure the appoiiitment oit 

English fuperiors in the feoiinaries of Seville 

and Valiadolid^ while Spanish Jefuits werft 

willing and able to yield that ferVice to th^ 

common cadfe.' After the fe^tlement of tb^ 

feminary at Rome under the. fir^Jefuit fe£l6r 

Agazzari* a mod firiA coirefpoQdfnce was 

efiablisbed between that father ' and Dry 

Allen, (a) who had been <iiill(id to Romei 

by the advice of parfons, to fuperintend ihci 

biffinefsi ai^,a.,m,ytua) intercourfe of goo4 

l>fl^3^ and^aor order for the exchange of 

fiudents was fettled , Allen itiil being confi* 

dered as the jhlAdpal fupcridir ana'conrfuabr 

of the whole work. During this happy Hate 


(f ) J burs copki of mnj of thstt kctcri. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

^ tbe c«IlecM> piQty 9fKLftii€ty fiouftsbeil 9 and 
s> iQog liftj q£ pfi«fi» feal^cl tbeirJatth viiii 
tiieir blood m Ei^fid : and'/M fbey; weft 
larded in* evtrjcdtbolic cotnotry as tamr* 
$yr» ^ cbeif fqffiw}pg» 9od deatfo biwighc to 
tliar , coU^D^ . tieiieradofi , ttfpi^^ ^ credit ^ 
protifiioo.aad kwebdiom,X^)i But dii 

: (O Mr. AfrbigtMi: aid: Sir J. tjir«d»OTim !»▼* 
JAoiifed cacbivioce ii»i that chafe ptie^awere tiii cae» 
C0ca4 OD fdi^us accounts, but for ^liucal opiuons* 
.wbicb endangered the fhtce. It is a very ancient pradHoe 
^t Che enemies* of che catholic chfircb, to dilmitaiace 
ker mmjiPy in-order to roh thettk oTcheeftJdic of ^Mriat 
iwi for chei>j^ligien4 It hat been emplojrtd^ic difftefli 
titteai by Nvfo^fbj ^le Arians , .^y i!|ie apoftate J«ilm»» 
\j fhe.mipiftw,of.QMepp pliftb^tili, Mn/ihtftj^^fi^^mPfh 
Jknn of regeneracpc( l^aris ; aiyl their inpoihires have beei^ 
tended by l^Wdl; by Camdeif , by 'Lotd Bbrtet^b; 
ly OWhm aii# by> cbe ^faweahttii ^tOcoti ef cb^diUb 
^tatentldih. Whitb i»f aU cbefeiiSjMr^^lrinfeM* n^dd? 
The moft recent eiiaiDple has ulbally cbe f re^ceft iDfloeafe 
•pon imitators. I arocal to the copfcienoe, of whoevef 
Itfis read Bisbop Challoiier^ Biemoirt pf *mifin£rf pH^ ^ 
Whether x\ieti'kkm$its dbfeirte to be'fcoMtti^red'aS'a d- 
iMklat 'Of Me#gac# Moni. OP naaHy cftl^ lidndrad prfaki 
Cfodemnad w xktfjp^o^X'lk^mjttt^ifcw indted Mvl 
accnfed of any ocfafr orimey chao-, ibfjc^ df deqriag 4ii9 
royal ecclefiafticai .fupreflMCTf of having, received halj 
«rders, and reading )n England.' In the few inftances, 
JiT vrtich crealbaT wafllnpucH^ aVIn" the cafe of 
Campion aid hia tMpabfoQlV i< :^^t riot >rofei i aid 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

fpWit of difufiton craie to diilur^ their traa-' 
quillky^ ' ' * 

It ma; be* curious to tf^ace it^U fpicit up to^ 

its : firft. feeds, becauie xhey \coptiaued ttp^ 

^Uj6lify io various sh^pef aodrplacei^ firoot 

^ periftd, ;pf wlblich I aw.fpeakiagt to the 

^9j^y fe^leA^otio^our ooclefiaAical gowtm^ 

m^nt under four apoflofi<!al vicars # id tii« 

^hort reign pf Jaqies IL And if the inquifitive 

fig^rcher migbt . perhaps difcoyer ibine faiiK 

, tfaces of it 9 leveo'io the prefen^ century 4 it is 

at lead cerrain^ that 00 remartcable difference 

^d diflra^ed our church fince the acceflioa 

of James, untill 9 late attempt tQ. force upoa 

■ ■' ■ " '■ ■> '> I ' II i » 

Cai^den hi^feif a^kiiovledges , that the Queen , who figocA 
'their dnth-warrant , believed them to be innocenc. Pii^ 
rofqut tdmsM ex miff His bit /kardotiBus ixUii in fatrUxk 
€9nfaudi cvhfcUi fu^[t non cndidit, Anilali Eli& p: "ji^^ 
CA. 16.15. Ta make food the aftartiona of Mt. Berkig^cK 
apd Sir. J. Throckmortoa , ic|4^0ji^4 >e. proved > that dMr 
pfjefts were acraigned , coDdemned and executed for «uu|i^ 
tainlng the depo^ng power of the Pope; aad even thn 
It would Cbtlowvcbtt they were "potiithed merely' fiur 
ophiioD, usAAwm opfnios whSck,itt«41idr- dvys^ waS> 
4aoft nm^^^. 9«»t die . evideoco /of vt^ Aia} sbeWf^ 
tbat prieifthoiQd wat their only gqilt^ See Cardipal AJkst^ 
\ ShfCiU and mgdefi Dcftnpi of the fstffering . aubelies , a^ 
tt^oHoot refotatioB of Lord Burleij^s Exerushm pfjufiit 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

u« an ioadmifllble oath produced ao iil-advH 
fed refiftance to fpiritual authority , whicb 
Mr. Berington continues to profecute by his 
fttll outfianding Proiefi againfi the deciGoos 
«f our fenior Bishop. It may fiifft be obfer- 
Tedy that aixiotig the multitude of English lay 
fti(:je^t whbmf the penal laws oF Elifabeth 
drove from their Oirn bountrjr'inco Fhinders« 
France, Italy and Spain, a few conceired 
ihemfelves qualified by rank and'&mily to 
fiike a leading part in the councils of the ca* 
tholic princes \ • who mterelled • thcmfel ves in 
thpir caufe; while far the greatefl number t 
being poor and diHrefled , brought with them 
Ae daims offaultlefs poverty, and that que- 
fulous difpolition,^ which fo commonly at- 
tends the difajppobtment of Its hopes.' Oa . 
:)nother hand, the decay of learning io the 
vmiveriities, which, by M. Beriogtons own 
account firom Jewel Collier and Heylin , fd* 
lowed the eflablishtoent of Efffkbeth's reforma* 
tlon ^ and perhaps, in fome cafes ,^ tf)^ fondnefs, 
of change , impe;Ile<l numbers ^ot yo^ng . Ihx^ 
dems to^ old. religion, t and to re«* 
Cbrt to the new national femiiiaries fbuqded in 
foreign part^. I'he necJeflTary ii^eje&on of many 
of thefepoftulam^ iocreafed thejjgat);eringmar% 
of difcontent , while the tks\€k domeflic difci*. 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


pline, which the JeToits enforced^ efpeeblty 

91 Rome, wa$ little fuited to the unreftrained 

habits of young emigrants from Cambridge 

and from Oxford. Many of thefe were but 

cewly converted to the catholic religion ^ 

and it could hardly be expeAed . in fuch 

circumftances , that young men, who had 

now pafled their nonage, would eafily re« 

linquish acquired habits % and bend their 

relu£bint minds to the precifion of momentary 

obedience, and to that firiQnefs of dtfct* 

flioe, which was required in a fchool of mar* 

tyrdom. {a) Perfons, who have lludied in 

catholic feminaries , will eafily underftand 

what is herefaid upon this fubjefl; and thofe 

who are in any degree acquainted with the 

hiilory of the colleges of Douay and of Rome | 

are not ignorant, that this waa the greats 

eft obftacle, which the firft fuperiors expe* 

riehced in modelling their feminariea to the 

-- - • •- - •— — • — -- -^— — - — — 

. (O The femintrifts kt this title Were tmiVcrfiilljr re* 
venfk • its candidates of martyrdom. See Baroitfna SiainynL 
:S#i^*d9 Dec. It Is tecoirded, that Sc. PbiHp Ntri> 
'Wkojlixcd i^ ^ nei|bDurIiood of the En^sh femiiiary 
in ftome, woold fiequeoKly fia&d near the dpof ofcho 
houle^ to view the fiudents goiog fotih* tb'the (^ubiib 
^ho^ The faint uCid to bow to them and taliite thffH 
wit^^h^ words, Salviii P9m miriyrun. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

pun6:uality, of regular difctpline. Indeed they 
never could furmount it ^ untill ia proceTs o£ 
timet they admitted only children^ whofe 
tender' minds eafily fubmitted to carry from 
their youth , the yoke of regular difcipline and 
fiibordtnatioa. In the early times , though 
Allen , Barrett, Parfons and.Agazzari cooti^ 
nually recommended to each other prudence 
and warmefs in theadmiflionof po(lulants;yet 
the ^reat numbers who flocked to them, and 
their unwillirgnefs to difoblige fuch poftu* 
lants frequently, precluded the necet&ry dif- 
certiment ; and they often accepted perfons of 
untoward difpofitions ^and factious tempers, 
fometimes even pretended converts and efnif** 
faries of the British minifiry, who came 
purpo&Iy to create jealoufies and to foment 
difcord/ Hence frequent tranfmiffions of 
fludents from one ftminary to another, and, 
jas a lad remedy , ftequeni^ expulfions of. the 
iadious-enibed. The ' difmifred members, 
generally deftitute of the means of eafy fubfif* 
tence, herded with p(her exiles in iimiiat ^Qtua^^ 
tions , and they inflaitaed their mutual difcon^ 
tent againll the perfohs , by whom they' con- 
ceived themfelves to have been aggrieved, (tf) 

(a^ The reader will obrerye, that the charaaiet here 
j^iven of fgjpe of the poftuSmcs Who refontd to ihltt^ 

Oggitized by LjOOQ IC 

( 99 > 
Rooae at this perioa, as well as Pans ind 
Sruxetles, never was without a party of this 
defcriptiofi , aoioug the catlialic exiles ; and I 
have profDifed to trace that party up to its 
primitive fource. 

siioaflesy naft be coofincd to a nuiober comparaciytly 
rm^ll. The far greater nuiBb^r were men. of foiipd.priociples 
and Yircoe;. and with the edapacion of the feimnaTles^ 
they became chriftiaa heroes. Many of the hrighteft 
Ijghtt of the feminarie* had been maftert or ftudents in 
Cht two univerfitiety viz. DD. William Allea, Morgan 
Pbilipa f Richard Briftow , Gregory Martin , William 
Reynolds, Lanrence.Webb, Thomas Bayley, &c. beiides' 
the FF. John Hart , Robert ParfQns ^ EdQiond Campion t 
and many otbers. 

An ancient MS. now before me, recounts, that though 
Dr. Allen bad agreed not to fend Undents to Rome 
advanced beyond the age of eighteen or twenty years ;r 
yet on the arrival of fifty poftolants in one month ae 
Rheitts , he deviated from his uHial pradicet, and feni^ 
thirteen ftudents thither, who were all fuH grown men* 
This mifBon , fays the relation , did not quite -anOver the^^ 
good Doi^ors views. For though feveral of then^ ftic- 
ceeded to his utmoft wishes , yet others foon found the 
difcipline^ of the college too minutions and Uriel for 
grown men; they cotoplained- that it was fit only for' 
children. Hence oneafinefTes began to appear , ifgiich af« 
terwards ripened into open difcord and revolt* Among- 
thefe men was Dr. Chriftopher Bagsbaw , fo much cited' 
and commended by Mr. Berington, Dr. Barrett at thar 
time prefer of the ftudieSi and afterwards prefident of 

N a 

Dngitized by yjOOQ IC 

( ICO ) 

It feeins to htve originated in the dtTpIeaTinv 
of Dr« Owen Lewis, a Welch clergyman rf 
diflin£Hon^ who had obtained the archdeaconry 
of Hainault in the diocefe of Cambrdy. TUs 
gentleman, before the alteration of theEoglisfa 

fte college at Rhtimt » upon the occifiof of theft ftvdescf 
being fent to Rome, wrote the following woHs cotto 
reftor Agazziri, Aug. i;r. 1583. <« Qui TenioBtad tos 
19 hoc tempore! fuot ex prsftantiiBmit omniom, qoos Ik 
M hahemas. Qoidam eorom , qa! & state & iogeeio 
M ceteris antece^lunt 1 erunt forc^ paalo ? obis aoleftkiiei, 
ft Certe nifi magna fiat mutatio, prKfertim in vnoeotiia, 
if difficile praebebit toe Reverencie oegotium. Is eft 
u Chriftophoros Bagsha^. Bonum habet ingenlam 9c 
u facis aptum a<i ftodia, fed fakle eft iracuodns & dilficilit 
m & ioqoietus. ProfitetuT ta«eA (e iftas & alias mulas im* 
m perfe&ioses felle deponere, & propterea cnpere ad vos 

w proficifci Tua ptudentia opus eft, nc deiccie 

i» omnino cum' eo agator; nam apud nos, ne mioimiim 
^ quidem verbum ferre pocutc , quod roprebenfionenn ali« 
M quaqi fooaret vel admonicionem. n Agreablj to the 
jodgmeot of Dr. Banecti his behaviour was fo intoletaU]^ 
diforderJy 9 tha^ afcer a trial of fifteen months , the Car- 
dinal protestor came in perfon to the college , and di& 
miflbd him. From this date the violent hatred commenced.'^ 
with which he ever after perfecuted the Jcfuics. At his 
departurg, the re^r ufed all means to pacjifj him. He 
added a handfome prefent in money to the ufual viaticum 
allowed to departing fiudents; and he fpenc this money, 
on his return , in procuring,, without licence from his 
fuperiors, the title of DoAorat Padua 1 though he had 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( loi ) 

liofpital at Rome into a college., had rat- 
tempted , in coDJaD^lion with his country* 
roan Dr. Maurice Clenock, to introduce a 
Welchman of the name of Price , as fellow 
into the hofpital; and he had been foiled in 
the attempt , through the oppofition of the 
English chaplains of the houfe , who hgd 
intereft enough to procure from the Pope a 
forbiddance to admit the candidate. This 
petty difappointment was not yet forgotten, 
when a national quarrel broke out between tlie 
!Edglish and Welch fiudents newly admitted 
into the college, in which Dr. Lewis failed 
not warmly to efpoufe the caufe of his coun- 
trymen, and to reprefent the English, who 
follicited the removal of the firft fuperior 
Dr. Clenock , as fa£Uous and turbulent. His 

ftadied .only one year ia divinity. Dr. Allen was fo 
difpleafed ac chit , that he rejefted bit requeft to be re- 
admicced into ^e college at Rheinty and raffered htm to 
proceed to England. The Jcfuiti took vDCommon patos 
to keep peace with chit angry 'man : they ofbred to 
fiibmit to any terma of recoaciliation. Ac Paria the 
Popea Nunsio In vain interpofed hit good officea to 
obtain iC| on account of the fcaodal, which hit behavioar 
occaConed. In England he shewed the fame anreiencing^ 
temper 9 even In the prifon ac Witbicb, and he paved 
the way to thoTe difturbancea, which enfiied rereral yeara 
after , Jo the iMifinera of the appellanti. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

. (102) 

trediit with tbe (Cardinal prote£lor fopported 
Clenock a confiderable time : but when the 
caufe was at length determined and the college 
was committed to the care of the Jefuita ^ 
Dr. Lewis felt the uneafinefles which fo fre- 
quently accompany a diminution of intereft 
'and credit J and he conceived a violent difgoK 
againft the Jefuits, which he feemsto have 
retained to his death. This may be conceived , 
without any prejudice to the virtuous and 
literary endowments, which he otherwife 
poflefled. He Was moreover foured by the 
expulfionof hiis nephew Hugh Giiffin firom the 
college for diforderly behaviour , and^ he had 
exerted in vaid hi? whole fortie apd crecfit to 
prevent it. By his difapprobation of the dew 
ftttlement of the college^ he fotind himfelf in 
oppofition to the mod (fiftinguished perfoa- 
9ges among the English etiles at Rome, 
and he connefled himfelf with men, whom 
they miftrufied. Among theft, there was i 
Sir Thomas Stukeley, a romantic adventurer, 
who by adopting all the doflors ideas ^entire;- 
]y won his confidence. By promifing to at- 
chieve great things in Ireland in favour of the 
catholic caufe, he interefted the seal of Lewis 
in the fupport of his ill-advifed projefls ; and 
he even obtained at Rome , through his credit 9 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 103 ) 

a confiderable fum of money 9 which he foofi 

after foolisl^ly fquandered io the expedition of 

X>on Sebadiad into Afrixrd, where he perished 

in theunfonunate battle againfiMuIey Hamet; 

The mifconduft of this man and the mif-^ 

carriage of his fchemes lowered the credit of 

Dr. Lewis in the Popei court, as much as his 

mifplaced confidence had impaired it among 

the English catholic exiles. The principal 

t)er{bns among them fiad always difapproved 

the trild projjs^s of Stukeley, and they equally 

blamed the confidence which Dr. Lewis placed 

in another intimate , LeHey Bishop of Rofs^ 

whofe flattering letters to Queen Elifabeth had 

given great difTatisfafUon to them, and efpe* 

cially to Dr. Goodwell Bishop 6f St. Afaph, 

tind to Sir Richard Shelley Lord Prior of En« 

gland , of the order of the knights of Malta, (a) 

Nicolas Fitzberbert a gentleman ^ and one 

Solomon Aldred (5), who had been an obfcure 

(#) Sir Richard Shelly wrote i comineDC apo^ tlicfi^ 
letters <^ Bishop Lefley, of which I poffefs a eopf. 

(») This Atdred was a fpy of Six Fraoda Wal&ighaai^ 
by wboB he was furnished with nonejr. Beiag deteaed 
at Rome, be efcaped bj flight to I^oodon, where he waa 
taken into the ibihillers family ^ and poUicly profbfled' 
the proicftatit rdlgion, ' *• '* 


by Google 

( 104 ) 
fliecanic at Lyons, and had obtained a penfioa 
at Rome through the intereft of Dr. Lewis, 
were alfo among his friends , and the reft of 
the English refident in Rome confidered them 
as forming a feparate party. It was foon after 
increafed by the acceffion of Charles Paget , 
and Thomas Morgan, two gentlemen, who 
refided at Paris. Others by degrees were 
alTociated to them t and as the feminaries then 
conftituted. a confiderable part of the English 
catholic intereft abrosid , they left no means 
untried, to fecure to themfelves a party wiihin 
their walls » and to harafs the fuperiors, ttrbo 
were charged with the difficult task of con* 
dueling thetn. Every ftudem in the college at 
Rome , who felt any uneafinefs or difcontent, 
efpecjally the Welch , ft>und patronage in this 
party , and fatal effefls of their fecret correT- 
pondence were experienced in the difturban* 
ces, which afterwards diftraAed that feminary. 
At Rome however the growing party wai« 
foon Weakened : for it was not only difcoon* 
tenanced by th^ Bishop of St. Afaph , Sir 
Winiam Shelley, the Lord Prior, Mr. Li- 
centiate Ely , Dr. Parker brother to the Lord 
Morley and every other Englishman of note 
iifi the city , but Dr. Lewis alfo retired in 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( ^05 ) 
difguft to Milan (n), and Dr. Cleoock \» 
Rouen, where foon after he took shipping fof 
Spain , and was drowned at fea^ 

But the ftrongefi oppofition ^hich Dr. Allen i 
Parfons and their friends experienced, arofe 
from Mr. Paget , who has juft been mentiO'^ 
fied.i and I find the original caufe of this 
gentlemans alienation afligned in a writing 
of Parfons J which is alfo confirmed by ab 
ancient Italian MS. now in my pofleflion. 
Mr. Paget living in Paris became acquainted 
with Morgan a native of Wales, ^ho, while 
he was in the fervice of the earl of Shrewsbnry^ 
had obtained the confidence of the capdve' 
Queen of Scotland. They were both connefted 
in friendship with her two (ecretaries Nau 
and Curl, and as Parfons fajrs, u oppofing 
n tbenifelves fecretly againft the archbishop 
f> of Glafcow ambaflador for the Queen, they 

(tf) Dr. Lewis , after hli departure from kome , Was 
a grand Vkat ita the diocefe of MHlan , undet St. Charles 
Boromeo^ and wat at length proinbted to the bishopric of 
CafTtioo. He refigned his archdeaconry of Cami^jr in 
favour of his nephew Hugh (>riffin» who has b\c«n men- 
tioned J and who , after his difmiffion frpm the English 
College found frequent 4>ppoho^itieB of* shewing' bis at- 
cipathy €0 bis aotient maftfrs; 

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( io6) 

broke hift credit much with the faid Queen^ 
% and wrung from him in time the adminif* 
Y) tration of the Queens dowry in France ^ 
«> which was fome thirty thoufand crowns a 
«> yeare; by which they were able to pleafixre 
n mach their friends , and hinder their ad* 
M Terfaries : and then joining tbemfelves with 
»9 Dn Lewis in Rome , and falling out with 
n Dr. Allen and F. Parfons, they were the 
9f caufe of much divifion ;among catholicf, 
n which hitherto hath endured. >» Now it 
happened , that on the return of the jefoit 
Creightoa from Scotland to Paris, a coafuka- 
tioa was held on the concerns of the young 
king of Scotland and this capdve mother, by 
the Bishop of Bergamo nunauo at the Frendi 
court , the archbishop of Glafcow , the Spanish 
amfoaflador and the d\ake of Guife; and 
to this confultation Dr. Allen and Claude 
Matttiieu provincial of the Frepch jefuics 
were introduced. , The archbishop of Glafcow 
would not permit Paget to be invited to it, 
aud'this omiflion was deemed by him an un* 
pardonable aSront*; The refuk of the coo* 
ftiltadon was , that Creighton should be difpat- 
ched to Rome and Parfons to Madrid, to 
follicle at tbofe court$ relief for the youog 
king \ and it was upon this occaiioa that the 

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( tof ) 

latter procured for him an aanual ttldwance 
of twelve thoufaod crowns , befides a donation 
for the ieminary at Rheims, and moriover 
cAablUhcd a credit at die Spanish court # of 
which he afterwards availed himfeif for the 
foundation of his feminaries. Paget and 
Morgan already irritated that the buBcieiQiliad 
been concealed from them, were fliU more 
angered, to fee the management of it entrufiel 
to two jefuits. The truth was , fays my MS. 
that the archbishop- and the duke of Guife 
miftrufied thefe two gentlemen^ befieving thac 
they held fecret correfpondence with the En- 
glish miniftry ; while the capuve Qgeen, con- 
trary to their advice 9 correi^onded with tlj^m 
by means of her two ftcretaries , and duis 
feemed to withdraw her confidence from the 
duke and the archbishop, who jufily thought 
themfelves her bed friends. Hence Paget, 
Morgan , the two fecretaries , and a few others 
conneAed with them, inveighed bitterly againft 
the priefis , ef{)ecially Dr. Allen , and they 
firongly infified, that neither he, nor any 
clergyman or religious > but only fecular gen* 
tlemen , ought to manage the affairs of the 
Scottish Queen , and other matters of public 
concern , in the courts of catholic princes* / 
From this time they ftood in open oppofkion 

O 2 

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( xo8 > 
to Dtrhatever Aflen or Parfons iituIertMfc; 
they feemed to take a delight in difappoiociig 
thein«<ii.) Their party was fttengtibened liy 
every difconteoted prieft or fiudeot, viio 
had quiued or had been difmiiled from tiie 
ieminaries ; and my MS.adds , that the Eogfiah 
miDifiry perceiYing this beginning of dtfuniofi 
among the catholics , fomented it by all the 
Arts of induftry and addrefs. (ft) Allen aod 

.(4} Ac this time, the three young fons of the etil 
of N^rtbemberUod were ac Paris, and the Queen i»h« 
had refolved to ruin their father, had re<)aired, that ac 
leaft the eldeft should return home. The earl fent over 
• friend , Dr. Pullcn , to Paris , who coo(ulcin§ Dr. Alleu 
and Parfons ^ was advifed by them to permit the youds 
to retire into Italy , where , without eodangertn^ their 
fathers li^ or the projierty of the family , neaos wooU 
N. contrived to det(|in tbem, untill they had attained a 
liper age, and were thoroughly grounded in religioa. 
The earl confented to this fcheme , and only reqtrfred thst . 
it should be executed with the knowledge of Mr. Pagsc 
"this gentleman finding tlvn: Allen and Parfoos had adfiled 
it , immediately fent the youths to i^Bgl&ud , where ihtj 
were educated in ihe reformed religion , while tkieir fiittt^r 
was committed to the tower, where, A>(pe time after, 
he was found murdered in his bed. 

(^) Among the friends of Mr. Paget there was fK>t 
a more unrelenting enemy of I^rfbns and the Jefuits , 
than Dr. William Gi^rd, archdeacon of Sc Peters it 
Lill^.' This gentleman tepeiled all Parfoos' adtances Xf 

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Parfons drea&'og the confequence of diif 
difunion repaired to Paris, where they met 
the Lord Paget , who with many other ^tn- 

'wtktdt a reconciliation ; he would not even aniwer hia 
letters. After the pacification c^ the English college , 
the repentant ftudtnts fnrrendered to Parfois the letters , 
iRrhich they had recelYed from the difcontented party , who 
had earaeftly recommended to them to conceal the names of 
^the wriurs. From thefe originals Parfons extraded feveral 
peflages, and by the advice of* the Cardinal protedor, 
lent them to the principal author Dr. GiiTord acompanied 
hjr a kind and pacific letter, which ends t)iiis. ** And 
9, now, Sir, I fee but two wayes for you to choofe; the 
9t one > to fet yourfelf to prove thefe things that you 
n have avouched of our fathers , if you can ; or elfe to 
•9 give fome manner of fatisfadion to them , laying the * 
V faolte upon miftaking , mifijiformation , or the like, 
n But the beft fatisfaaioo of all, would be, to leave 
m off this courfe of contra4i^ton, and to attend. to peace 
M and union in our nation , for the tyme to come ; for 
^ that our divifions are odious both to Ood and man , 
ft and none can abida now to heare of them, or of any, 
a, that will fofler them «, &c. ao Dec. 1597. Several 
of his accufations of the Jefoits had been made public in 
a pretended Memorm tg Ckment Fill, in C4rtajns Mif$ 
pointei $f MccHlaiion , &c.^in the Relation #/ the contMthn 
ptfcd in ffisbick , &c aid they are as ridiculoully extra- 
vagant, as 4iny thing that is found in the arrtts of the 
late French Parliaments , or in the prefaces of Mr. fie* 
riogcon. Thus , Tbi Jejuits bsv$ iti their infiitiahU defyn 
thready fwallowed up kingdomt and m$narcbiti. Rel. p* 7^. 
Jbi pride of the feeiity , arming it f$l ft witk aatboritie ^ 

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Icemen of note had retired to the coodoentf 
to shcia the furyof perfectuioo. He bad been 
preveotedi but be promifed them not to ft* 

M iMimfs f trill p$wri out a fid r$veng0 , smd msk$ Mn 
Hfiflu /Uugktef atid majfaker cf fmUs , st slresJy tb^ 
B0vg h$pM im wr$sck€d EngUnd* Ibtd. art. 7. Tkt J^^ 
jtdt$s d§$ tsgiffy maU$ for tho ^tho of tki Popo, mnd 4f 
$ko nnowntd CMrdiual Toledo , thai tboy maf M9g vf§m mU 
faugbter and Irloodsked , at they bavo long afayed^ £f^. ..«. 
W. GifTord ep. 29 Sep. 1596. Tbe great^ part of the 
O^UltU and oUargU do kewMille their mefi miferaUe efate^ 
in that they fujftr more gr^vous tM»g» under theft new 
^Mtt the Jefultest $hmn hy alt their Hher growus dailio 
ferfecuthns. W. Gifibrd ep. ad Marc, t &c. F. Holt and his 
aompanlons in Plandets have gatherod ftioh an infinite mo/e 
of money of the cathoNks in England ^ fUr di/^nfations ^ or 
mnder the colour of expending it to thoir nfes^ ttt many cro' 
dihly a fir mod it to exceed the /kme of fifty thovffiond pounds. 
\V^. OifTord ep. ad Marc. aiig. 8. 1596. The DoAor 
having afiferced In a latin letter chat tbe fom eiceeded 
ducenta miilia of Italian fctidity Dr. Bagfihaw tranfiaced 
the phrafe by the Worda two hundred mimons of Itoliao 
ftudts , and ioferted them in hit true relation which 
Mr. Beriogcon cites. It may be' hoped that Du Giflord 
followed the advice of Parlbnt; for though hit name 
ifaiada among the appellants , I do net learn that after this 
period he took any very a^ve part in their concerns; 
aad in 160a I find the Jefoita complaining of Watfoa 
and othera, for repoUiahing the ftory and the comeoti 
•f his letters ^ which , they hoped , were then buried ia 
•blivioD. Dr. Gifibrd , thongh liable to paifionate pit- 
Indicea, ppflbffed learning and other good qnalitiea. It 

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( "I ) 

irour or promote his brothers party, white 

the other new exiles , conviaced that Mr. Paget 

mod Morgan held an intercourfe with Elifabetht 

minifiers , highly difapproved their iiieafure6* 

But Allen and Parfons omitted nothing to 

fiifle this fpirit ofdifcord in its fource. They 

addrefled the mod eameft and confidentisd 

letters to Paget and Morgan, and afterwards 

returned to Paris on purpofe to confer with 

them and to induce them to an amicable 

is recorded of him , that he was diancflUe to the poor. 
In f 606 he became a Benedi^iii noak , and by his co*- 
ttexiont wich the family of Ouife » he was made coadjutor 
CO the Cardinal de Guife archbishop of RheimSi witk a 
defien that he might hold that fee for a minor prince of 
Che family : bot te focceeded to the Cardinal in 1623^ 
and governed the diocefli with refute till his ieath in 162^ 

His kinfman Gilbert Giffbrd Was a known agent of the 
Eoglith miniftry in the concernt of the catholics. Bekg 
apprehended through the intereft of the Bishop of Paris ^ 
be acknowledged , chjit he had been employed by th« 
difcontented catholics in a negociation^ with the miniftry ^ 
to procure the otter ezpullion of the Jefuics from the 
English miifion. He ended hfs life in confinement. Ro^ 
bert Fisher, one of his moft a^ve aflbctates, was leiseA 
at Rome and owned fipoa oath in his examination, chm 
he had been employed on fimilar fervices. He Was one 
of the moft violent oHlie appellant prielts , bat Is (aid 
to hive repeated pf his cooBexioH wJlth ckem and. the 
whole difttisfied puty* 


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C 1" ) 
compofitioo. Dr.. Allen 9 as a mark of coo* 
fideoce» lodged in the fame houfe with them; 
and they both engaged the duke of Guife 
tind the archbishop ofGlafcow to interpofe their 
kind offices, to efie£l a reconciliation. But 
this was defired only on their fide ; and they 
fuftained the mortification of feeing all their 
advances reje6ied with difdain. Their concern 
was the more bitter, becaufe the confequences 
of this difunion were now forely felt in die 
feminaries of Rheims ind Rome, where every 
ftudent , who was wearied with regular difci- 
pline or difgufled with fiudy, was^carefled 
by the friends of Mr. Paget , and encouraged 
to hold up his head againft the fuperior of 
the houfe. Lenient meafures were employed 
to reclaim them ; and^ upon the fa' ure of 
thefe , feveral of them were civilly difmifled 
fub nomine miffionis , before they had completed 
their ftudies. But evil efftGts again enfued 
from this meafure; for though fome of thefe 
unripened miflionaries demeaned themfelve^ 
with credit and edification in England, yet 
the indifcretioos of others proved the remedy 
to be almofl as dangerous as the difeafe. (a) 

(n) On this fubjea I fia4 i letter from F. Holt 
€0 the leCtor of the college ac Rom ia tbde wordi- 


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But this, within a few years ^ frdm thi 
trautes ^hich I have detailed , arofe to ad 
alarming height. Thb diforderly fcholari^ 
Would fubmit to no dirdplide, no tontrOuK 
They claimed and aflbkned the libehy bf 
freqbentihg taV6rns , they murinured ', they 
even tumultuated againft thetl* fuperiors , tfaejf 
Viquired the governnlent of the houfe to be 
abandbtled to th&tnfef ves , and unfottdnately 
in thefe pretenfions iY^y ^ett eticoiiriged 
1from without. Every inethod , Which pt* 
tience^ ileadinefs and authority codfdfbggieft, 
. Was tried in vain. "The reftdr ahd Ihe jgieni^ 
1 I I i I III II ^ 

^ Unuifi €ft, qbod ib Ip^reflb neo in Angliim fifeipeteihi 
ti 10 nienteM YeiiiC'; fdque ooo fitie onilli R. Y. Dgidfltaife 
n decril'i , t quiiulo pMTedi., quod ouot, fViCbm : la 
ht a^fflonibus fcilicet Tcftris^i oon umeflTe ppus celtricate, 
9t quim eorutn , qni mittancur , aiatdriute , prudeotia » 
V* doteini & fervore fpiriids. AgBo(c6 tgd qoidedi 
^•ceue R*<V. prudeacUm non indigere tdmoiiidoae. fflel ; 
„ agnofco & onera, qii« quaodoque ica gnivii fane, ut 
^ fublevari tea fie oectlTe ; agobfco fktU fdrVor^ lliim- 
1^ iu)rum, qui pedibus pruTiunc, uc ad equuleos currant* 
19 ^ fi quid eft, ^uod ad collegti crapquiUiuiiifh ft pactih 
n r^i^c , id Ipfum togico etiam & cotnmendo. His taiaeb 
'i» t)ifiDiSQs Ferio confideratiiflbpins ft perpeofii , ntec R. V. 
M prxlcriW^ nee illoa deceVreo, fed attifqu'e confalo, nei:f 
ydSia foluib , fed cactiolicis bmtiibus teftrS opeti juvad- 
^ 3is,'opus effo in milSooibus y devotioois prodencic ft 
m dbCtrim mantritatd , p^Btivt qnaili ^clerirate »«'.•« *• 


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xal ojf the Jp(yit§ ofe^o determVied lo .refign 
^e |rQV!f^i^meot. pf.t,he fr/pi^ary, 'and ^ey 
jjirere «$ oJEtien hiq^ered-^y the remooftraoces 
iiqd qdyife pf the chiefs 0|f (He, catholic (Cler^ 
«pd l^t^, siDd 1^ the jpo^tivc iqjua^ojos of 
tb/tVoptp wi^otie qt^ncUswere now mach 
A^cpF^^ by the d^%,rbances of tbe £i\gli$h 
cyH^e- JPfo jrem^dy wa? Jfound , bujt in tlic 
^dmi^iM^: prudence and ini|d d^adineCi of 
jF, Pftrfon^i J?e was named Ae r^^or j he dX- 
jfjiffi^^ffme , ^efoQtbedoFbefs,he v^s^i^ther 
tpalL,W«4>?!ce«i *ecolifjge to its^xegi^ii- 
Ijr^ap^ib/e g9;verne(i^ rW}^ fucceCs MlUiifdoitb. 

«ado«i8 litnes ?tKK difobaitged « &v«i»l «Qnd* 
nued to be fuppotted Irotn tiie fenkniies, 
untill they could be fettled In other habits of 
H^i ( 4 X.w^HlB others re|;ijrqing into ^i^jgjapd, 

(j?) t'hc.eiiles wcTc'continoaliy foIIicjtW .tfcc urti^reft 
on.l?iP£eDer9fuyofthcfupenotsofthe fcorinancil Botli^re 
.cxcriye4 i^ th?ir feryice , and wee of«i| rcquitedB^.complvnts 
,an4 ingwitu^tf ; not to /n^ntion'tie ^ftat avpoidoo &o» 
doniitflic'bufliifrs , wl;icb t^is.cKarity occafione^. Br. Allci 
at Wgih,|diyifed Apa^zaH .and Parfops to ^vt thca| 
WM^ ti^^y f^^ afford , but new more to' uke cHargc 
./)f xbqt jjpfuii^ary po;»Qf rns or ineiyo^»^s to the Pope and 
ether ^Tfett. iicifvna^. ThUi^ the (ubj^^i of «iiij of 

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tenobdd^^ their r^iri^i'Qii ^iid'^iitiffid'ft^^relye'i 

as (Vies in the ferVlde dfiihV Queens' Atdjfter^. 

Thotttjii ftvetal infta'ntes'of this nature occur t 

r d6 not lii^ish to hint « that fiich ^ chara^'er 

df profTigady is to be affii^ed in general to'tlie 

6pp6nents of P'arfoiiS aftd Ari^:^ f Kn6w\^^ 

fbtnc of the dtclkfed^ ojp^orienti j'tYpedii^y 6t 

l^arfobs and the Jefuits, were mehVefpedable 

fat their rank, or thei^ 'ifeafcnifig , oir* tfteiif, 

ftifPeringsr io the caCife of* reTigibq ; bbt' ^i^^^ 

fiijudlty tfue, that brimanyoecaJTioris Aeyafied 

tinder tHe inffuettfce of ftrbpg' ^afltons , which* 

dif^ppbinimem^ or prejudices had mflariied ; 

and they had the wirakoefs to throw themfelves 

into a fmall but vibrent party of^ned of left 

worth than tbertfeKres A wbofe e'xcjefles they 

Were thus engage^d^ t6 diflerable , or' even to 

a]()propriate to tllenifetv^St They were in all 

biit aftt handful , when' CQmpafedvVitfi the bulk 

df the Venerable AiAbners and exiled ca- 

tti6liC!(, who. ap|iliilild^d th'e meafiKes purfued' 

it Rome and at "Kheiin^ for the commoW 

caufS; but Hill they were" widely "diffnjfed, jand 

^ ' ' ■ ' '. ' '' '^' ■ '. -' rW ^— -^ 

. i>eiT letters , whicfct ly^^^Sgiep^^^ Qpim^ ^qy wv^: 
^hQ hfid himfelf ]^\i\aatd . jto be feoc to .^hft ,]^lrngiishi 
miOioD, cbnligped to .the xelief of the exiles or of tbo^ 
feminaries, the foms of .moQey^^ whiel^ Wmj9C^90aiJjb 
lefc by Eoglisb catholics at bis difpolal. 

P 2 

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%h^ ftOSout tamper of fome broke out^ ff^ 
poder the pj'eflure of cbaios , in Wisbich caille, 
Kothing ipore fal(k fhan Mr. Berio^ooi 
iodtqatioD) that the uneafinefT^s iofhat priibii 
^rofe from the ambitious policy pfF.Wedoan 
one of th^ qioft excellep( iqiffioners of his age { 
Bothin^ more partial , than his (itation of the 
paffiqnate Bagshaws r#/a/ioAj, in proof of vhat 
he infinuates. from 9II other cqtemporary ac- 
counts 9 which I have feeq ^ it appears that a few 
pf the imprifoned^priefts and (aymen were men 
of untamed paCpons , who confiantly oppofed 
the pious wish of the great majority of their 
fellow captives ^ to fanftify their confinement 
by a regular and unifpriQ fyftem of ^udy and 
devotion. They deGred \o chqfe a commoa 
fuperior , by whom they wished to be regu* 
lated accprding to the x»\ts , which they 
thcmfelyes h^d f^mecl ; and as F. Wefton 
feems to have be^n the ^ao mod generally ' 
refpeSed adiong theip , they dcfired to confer 
upon him this Hii^d of fuperiority. (j ) I refer 

• 1 - ' ! -J /.. ^r rr — ■ . 

(tf) F. WeftoD refofed to accept of this flight pre-^ 
cmiDence. Eighteen' of the imprironed priefti addrefled a 
letter to his fttpenor I^enry Oariiet ( fee Append. N^ IL) 
to engage faim to order Wefton to complj. Gamet 
confenced, that he might be the dIi:e6tor of their iludie^ 
aod other regultir o^feryances , according to their qwn 

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the reader to the Appendix N^. DL for fiuy 
tber proof 9 that the accofation of ambiiioo, 
\vb}ch was preferred agaioft the Jefuits upon 
tliis occafion, was the laagnage of fa&ioos 
<lircontent; and I further remark, that the* 
prior and Jfubfequent coodufl of the few tur- 

l^ulent prifoners at Wisbich, who did not make. 

a$onement for their fault , was fuch at no 

clergyman, not even Mr. Beringtoo , in Us. 

moft antiTJefuitical humours^ could poflibJy^ 

approve, (fl) . 

It appears then « that there ajre motives ta 
miflruft, to arraign and condemn the fidelity 
and cbrre£loefs of the general piAure , which 
Mr. Beridgton has prefente4 to us of the 

rulei , but would noc coDicnt , chut be thould bold, 
cither the title , ranic or precedence of a fupcirior , in zpf 
of their public meetings, meals , &c. 

(tf) Of thirty five catholic prifoners coufihed in Wis* 
bich caftle, ten or twelve, partly priefts, partly laymen , 
fided with Bagihaw todifturb the tranquillity of the ritt^ 
and CO calomniate theit friend F. Wefton. Four of 
chele men repented and acotied for their miibehavioiur*. 
It was remarked , that moft of the othera ended uohappiljf. 
One was ftruck witV an apoplexy and i\td fenlelefs in 
the prifoo. Others renounced their rclfgion , and pra<|ti* 
fed the vile trade of infarmers ind prfeft ^^fd^chers. - Somct ' 
iDf theft vf etc i|f!;ef waUa executed -for rarioiia ctimb,. 

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tfMl&^bns^ o^ thofe tintesl Th^ cuiiotiy irw 
qoirer ii*b ^*ear tix Know the truth, wilt 
certainly exuHoe other fburces' of infbrma- 
turn, an(V htf wJH as cchanify difcover the 
moft dedfk^' oimives to i^j^ his biftorjr of 
the nomlbiitioil of Dr. Blackweli to be arch- 
prieft, andt bis^^ooimt of the v^ibus dlftur- 
tances, which Were* made by the afppethiats 
lA coofeqociice of iba« appehftiheiir. He wHF 
firft obfenre^ fbat Mr. B^^igtoits^ aeciouDt of 
the IVippofed policy of Parfons in |Us bu^ 
fioefs hangs folely upon \i\s own deep infi^i 
into the hvinan Hehrf, or at' fertheft, on the 
credit of the truirddtion of Bagshaw. Other 
biftoriansv wfaofe accounts 1 could' amply coo* 
firm from cotetoporary MSS. if I were writing 
an hiftory, will inform him, that the neceflTty 
#f efiablishing a rejgnlar ecclefiafiicat authority 
among the miflioners ib^ England had been, 
felt for fonie years ^ and had been the fubj^ft 
of frequent debates in the councils of the holy 
fee. During the life of Cardiivil. Alleo^ .tb»s: 
neceffity lyas lefs tvgeot^ becat^ his cxtmor-' 
dtoary merit hadTecured to him apre*eniiiffcdce 
of authorhy , without any fpecial" commiflibb r 
and in almoft every mearui:e ^ . Iw advice 
waf asked ^alld ooonaonly wMf hooouredr imh 
comptiwce. After hiB^dfeadftyditfnKRafi&sf'' 

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( 119 ) ^ 

jitiinber of pricd[ls ^ and. the fpreidiog difom* 

tents « which iiad been is^pottt^ fi^om dus 

continent, caUed for a goverqmeot .of mofe 

energy , and the difficulty vas , what forn to 

^dopt*. Two modern difcoF^rjes lately ouule 

by Mr. Beringtos ^od his |>ai;ron. ^r Joba 

Throcjcipdrton, %tf^ then,per£e&ly^uiikQowiL 

7<fqc a man apippg the £nglis(b xratholic^ had 

^et an idea,, that the goveflnm^ c^.the old 

j&nglj^ catholic rclwrcb h^d h^ c ^ t j ina e4 

without intercuptioi? 9 thoi^gh all i^$ Biihq§$ 

and dignitaries, veiled wnh ipirj|ti|al jurifiji^^ 

potij were .dea^^fior did^hi^y io ,thajt 9g;e. 

f\ji(pc6t^ that fRiritu^/ jurUBi^ioq ccyuldexifit 

pplefsji epia^ate^ frojn i^e ;3j^l^ji of Rook* 

Io f word^ Mr Berlngtovc Jijiv^ infi^ 

1)9^ that all ref igioi)^ iiifru3^ , is, progrffiye ^ 

' 4ind that alLWM n^to be givfin ^.pf^ei C*) ^ 

pxu^ not iirpjQderi, that hfs ^Cfilor^ jp the 

f^xt;eeoth cpnjifl^y j^rere ignoranj of (the gip*t 

principle, wific;^ was referv^d for his diieo^ 

yecy in thefe iajtter days ^Jjgbt; I m^^ti^ 

ti t^t every paiitprt, by ^t^.diyinely eftablistMd 

n order of Cl^fiftt, i** pofieiled i^f a profwr 

> ;ind eflei^t'^) ju,t}f4i£Ht>p , wholly lyiooninMr 

n table by and independent of the fee of 

(♦) R4^. 9c.tQ y. H. p, 4«. 

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i> Rome, ^j (♦) Still left did thefe men fafpea 
the exifietrce of Sir John Throckmortoos 
rule, that they might lawftilly or validly 
eflabtish among themfelves an epifcopal poll, 
independently of the fee of Rome; and it is 
perfefUy ridicutous in.Mr. Berington to blame 
them for not adoptingthis meafure , ( f) which, 
had it been niimed among them , would , in that 
dark age , hare been accounted fchifm. Fre- 
quent mention is indeed made in the MSS. of 
thofe times and alfo by feveral hiftorians ^ of a 
projeff laid by fome priefts , td Inftitute a con- 
gregation of clerg^mbn , tor/bfe governed by 
two fuperidrs, iti the nortlierd and foutherA 
counties, and their defign. it'is faid , was, to 
fubjeft all the iniffioiiers , religious as ^'tl\ as 
fecular , to their controuV.'- But this plan 
feems not td have be em cbiibtenanced by tb6 
bulk of the millioners ; the Jbfuits complained 
of it, and they fcem to hav€< ibonfidered it as 
a projeft, contrived by a few of their eiifemles^ 
to expel them frorii the miflJon. It Was vM[6 
dffliked by many of the liity , Who found, 
that it woukl operate. as a^-reftraint upon theiif 
liberty ofaddreflingthemfetves. to whom they 

(•) Siati and Bibav. pf R, €- p. 153. 
(t) Mm. p. 43. 44: 


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( "O 
Wked beft amoog i;be approved priefts , in 
their fpiritual concerns. The body of the 
English catholics i6«n looked up to the Pope, 
nor did the Pope tnfle with them , or ^bdn* 
doa them to the ambitious wiles of a^macchta* 
vellian Jcfuit, as Mr. Beriogton is pteafed 
CO afiert. On the contrary , advice and iDft>r- 
mations were taken fVom thofe, who were 
deeiiied the wifeft amotig the Cardinals at 
Rome and others, who were beft aci^inted 
with the coocems of the nation i the bufintft 
was debated in frequent congregations*; «iDd 
at length ^a&er thetnoft mature delibetation. 
Dr. Blackwell was appoiftted archpriefi^ I do 
not fay that this was the beft mode of gk^ 
▼ernmeat; nays if 1 had been in their (ynin^- 
cits ,1 a« (Confident that I sIhomM have advifed 
the appointment of a Bishop. Certaip it Js;« 
that Parfons, to whom Mr. BeriAgton afcribet 
Xhe presbyterian (*) invention of an archprieft, 
was decidedly of this opinion; {a)zAd it was 

(•^) Mem. p. 48. 

(i) It is difficult to ondcrftand, lioW ibe govetiment 
by ao arcbptieft rcrcrobled the presbyterian fyftem. Tht 
•KHpritft waa not merely a primui inter pares , nor yet 
in elder by eUQlon. He was a true fpiritual fiiperior » 
vefted with ecclcfiaftical juiifdiftion, derived , not from 
his equate, but ^om an aoknoWledfed fuparior, tbt head 


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(ri2% ) 

undouj^tedly grouoded on tbe Coiid faafis of 
tbe ve;gttt¥tr govemmeat of the cburcfa. But 
thefe, )ir^o ov^r-rukd itUithe couocibof the 
Pope , conceived , that the (leculiar fitnadon 
of r^lig^P in England autborifed a deviatioa 
irom the efiablisbfed pradice# They fouad it 
even.impoiSMe to obferve the leveral caaoni* 
cal 4nftil^iOBS , which regard the eflaUiali* 
ineot of a diocefe ; and they apptehended , 
th»t the prefence of a Bishop io Engfamd 
frpv^ld t^ to irptate the minifiry and fiiil 
p[H)f^lo.exftfperate the Bishops of the newiy 
^ft^jb^sfaed cliurdik 9 ai»d wsMd thus provoke 
80 f ncreaCb of peHecutioo, All tl^ irigilaoce 
of the .government , they laid ^ '^U be direded ' 
agaiafi the Bishop} catholics will dread !• 
recgivi; km into tii?ir boufes ; they Would 

of, the church. If ft council of affiftaots ^as allotted C9 
1)!m for the management of bufinefs ; fucb a check upofl 
fiis power ooghc not to be dilVelisfaed hj Mr. Berfngtoo. 
An ordinary diocelan Bishop would no; have bean ibljeft 
to fuch a reftrainc , in the ordinary adniiniftrat|oD M his 
diocefe. Parfons delivered in Writing , yn^r^nloelieads, 
the reafons which induced him to prefef i Bishop. If 
Mr. Beriogton chufes to impute this to a rd^^neneot d 
inachiavellian hypocrify; ic will be needleft to contradiA 
hmj whiJQ every fober man rouft find him ,guil^ of a 
rcfinemcncof paiti^licyi j[oiaefl to the blind^ prefu^cc 

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fardy brionrired io the poiiishftteM fifat ^11 
awaii him , and which it is oMairy ite^ffibfe 
that be should efeape, ooleft by abfolure eon- 
ccxlmefit of hit perfbn; and thi« agam m\i 
render bis vaitAR^y almoll inrttfed}. Still 
greater would be the nisfbrtune, if tbe feve^ 
sity of perfecoiioii ihoufd iatmidzitd a^ Bishop 
uico aby compHance uawortby ofhismioifiry^ 
wfaieb^ saafioiplepriefl, would be ad 4vU of 
h;fa fcanda^ to cacbolies, and a fubjeift df left 
trhiiBph to ptotefhrns. {a) Ooe K^hop, 
they continued, is unequal t^ the wh^ durf 
of infpeding fo hrge and widely dfBofid a 
ftockf and to multiply Bishops would be alfo 
fo muttipty the difficukies already Pledged; 
bifides the danger of their variation from One 
another io opifirons aqd nseiifures; from 
whence fiiU greate i" diffeniions would arife ^ 
than thofe which the new governifaerit is dr- 
figned to (lifle and eradicate. But the reafon , 
by which the Pope was chtefiy influenced, 
was^ his knowledge, that the principaK peti- 
tioners for a Bishop held sr private correfpon- 
dence with the Queens itrfniftcrs, to whota, 
he knew that aH means of extirpatiii^XrithO- 

(tf) The fubreqacnc weaknefs of BUckweir jforcd i 
that (bi^'appreheofion was not quite groundlefs. 


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licity were equally welcome, and who were 
DOW plainly fomenting the unhappy difie* 
reoces among the catholics 5 by fopportiiig 
the pretentions of a .party, whom they cer- 
tainly intended to overwhelm 9 together with 
their opponents , in one common deilruftion. 
The cautious pontiff would not concur in a 
meafure , which Elifabeth patronifed ; he 
thought that marks of re^Ueffnefs and ambi- 
tion were difcernible in fome of the petitioners, 
and he^ refolved to provide for the govern- 
ment ^f the English catholic church, in the 
mod peaceable and private manner, which 
the a£lual circumftances alfo rendered Uie 
moil prudent. The Cardinal protedor, who 
was iuppofed to be beft acquainted with the 
merits, of the principal clergymen, was e»r 
powered to chufe the new fuperio^i apd if i 
bull, was not expedited upon this occafioo, 
the omiffioii did not proceed , a$ Mr. Beringtoo 
pretends*, from a motive of contempt : it was 
omittod ,. becaufe the formality of a public 
appointment would have defeated the Popes 
prudefitial views ; becaufe it would probably 
have provoked the British government , and 
would have pointed out the perfon of the 
new fuperipr as the objefl of their refentmeot; 
and becaiiiGe; it was rather a meafure of expc- 

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riment) which circiunfhiticesB^gfat eafilf 
fubjefl to alteration , than ^ fyfieiti calculate 
for permanent duration. Mr. Beringtoai H 
qtoite in the wrong , either wilfiiHy or otherWife^ 
to tell ujs, that bulls are iflued oh every 
trivial occafion* (^a) If Rome, did not alter 
Its determination 9 in compliance with the cla* 
mours of the appellants, the refufai to do it 
was grounded upon folid motives; becaufe 
thofe men did not aliedge reaforis iixfficient to 
outbalanor the motives , which had recom- 
mended the adopted meafure; becaufe they 
conducted themfelves with a fpirit of turbiiT 
lency rather than of remopftrance; becaufe 
they dafinglyrefufedTubmiffion to an author 
rity lawfully confiituted; becaufe feveral of - 
them had already been remarked for the tu- 
multuous fpirit 9 which tbey |^ betrayed in 
the collegesTi becaufe others were known ttf 
have concerted their tippofition with the Efl- 
|;lish miniftry and the protefiant Bishop Baur 
croft; and fiDJUy becapfe they were not the 
body of t^ie^cathoUc clergy, as Mr. Berii^too 

(«3 T^e, fbrit of .a boU wat net iired on a laict ioH 
poTcanc oeciifion , thi deftroaioii of ^ Jelbict. I ctll it 
fMp^/irff/^:becaiife. it ceicaioljr wak fpy tt feaft t4 thi 
Jefoi;! tkemfelTCfi and- to U?eir eneoi^it - . 

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aiofr mrintfamaUjr Md^ fktfet^ afferts, tel 
onty sliEDatt^ and with the nception of a finr^ 
Ihe leaft valuable part oFfbat body , tbe great 
Imlb of which cotMfgmtdfy acqirfefctd ia the 
Ibtm of g^ernmeiu, which hajd been pre- 
feribed. (n) It is related , that when they iett 
ibeir firfi depaties to Roise« they were tm 
moee tfaaa fooneen , aad m fpite of their induf- 
tfy to iocreafe tibeir Uft, tbey Mi^et fwelled 
it to moftt tbao tlurty flames* (^) fc ^^ 
. : % 

(«) Mr. Beiingcon boldly aflercs (p. 54.) chat oaly 
tire jotiog miffioneh thanked the Pope for the appoincmeiit 
•r the trdhpHcft f and chit they were aXnfci hjr tk* 
prmifet) ar ii)ti>M()ited bj tbte tbr^M af Blatk#ell mi 
Garnet. WickeqiuU afTamQce hr i^ofyfi^ tbr fppoikioa 
of the few appeliaQts ^ as the depd of thjl^ cfergj. Tke 
Appendix N**. lit may hefp th6 reader to form a judg- 
neM of eho^ aecMcy of eht9 ft&temtfut. Ih the mttrj 
lotert'of Oarffctv;whlch Ihacreby wi, fbeq^mc nencfM 
ia 9add of tha appAilMHt « tahtfu..!^ iaWnytdeferibea to 
be ftw and Of t lefs hoftUe to biofiMf »# the Jffiuta« 
than* they were to tbe archprieijb. In tb^e letters he 
l)^ks often of tlie zeat of tbe oiher priefts ; of the 
COQlbrt : which he received fVont tbbfe '/irith' whom tbt 
fererity of the times allow ed him toxoid anj interco^rfe; 
of the fervices which he was enabled to yield co then 9 
cfpe«iaQy to the yaang oiics'tieiirty'^aril^> anjl la ge- 
neral of the odifyiBg aealof fba (jatMic gmry, in pio» 
i]ffiog;aad fra&ifmg tte ditisf tf^cbeir nrt^a. 

C») Themoft*attmcroorlillf6f^p^Hantpr?eftfy which 

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i "? T 

fii^mber I w^H kaov that there were £raie 

men of le^ino^tnd waght a»09g the cktgy^ 

tbovgli tbmr foperior« appear to h»Te bee« 

foovioced <» tfasft tbey wefe ^^hia&ed nore fey 

%k» prejudices of ^thn^ ^ tihaa hy the coo?ic» 

itoQ of tbeir owp Judgmeoc Ic ioi^ft aJlb be 

fajken into, qooflderaiion, that the greater 

fiva}t>er of iboff , wboie aai»e$ are feiuid o« 

Ibe difiereflt appellaot Ms^ wl}ich fatfve beea 

preierv^, did iaptinftituci& a^ ^peal f^ioft 

the fpirisual powec aod authority of ibe arch* 

prieil^ but , mere^ly againft particular afif 

of adoiiqiftr^H^ t by ^bicfa tbey conceived 

^xnCjplves yo be aggrieved ; 4iey demaixkd 

their ^^ofioU^^vA tl)ey. always proclaiiiie4 

tbeir;'4^Ppf|^op }^ fubmit to the decifion 

of the Pope, fro^i whom thejf .foHicited re^ 

^ref& {a!) Tfaiefe ciijcumliances bring tbetr 

d^ed rathejr. Dearer to the ibrm of a regular 

a^i and xhpy W^P^? ^*^^ ^^ of tbofe, who 

Tlie number, cf laiflj^nert at tha^ cim«^ indudioi tbe Jc*» 
itticsy canooc be reckoned at left than three hundred. 

(4) Thii Wai the cafe of the ihirey two prieftf, who 
fcgnedtheaft of appeal reponed by Dodd vol. II. p. 558; 
The motfefii ^ode t>f appealhif to mU tbl cmth^M 
ibnrcba in tbt univiffc » sn4 $Jps4ia!fy ^9....^ tJh aft^/kUfM 
fu riibtly infirmid^ WM$ not jec in vSt. 

^ Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( "8 ) 
appealed from ^e very appointment of an 
archprieft^ or who refufed fubmifiion to his 
aothority , to a number as infignificam in 
comparifon with the body of the clergy\ as ic 
was contemptible in itfelf, with refped to the 
characters of many of thofe , who compofed 
it. But even among thefe there were a few; 
whofe paft and fobfequent nterits entitle them 
' to refpe£l and praife ^ though there can exift in 
a prief^ no merit , which voluntary refiftanee 
to lawful fpiriti^^l authorhy will not iinpair. 
I am* far frdn> confounding ^Dr. Bishop, 
Dr. Champney » Mr. Colleton and Mr. Smith, 
with Fisher, Bluet , Bagshaw, Watfoo and 
Clerk. The charafters and condu6i; of thefe 
latter would have difgraceB a*^ better caufe, 
and would have raHed a pii^judice againfi the 
beft : and it b remarkable, that whatever 
merit might be dalmed by xirhferV, ftftne of 
them had cohftantty oppofed evety public 
meafure, and had shewn a- marked averfion 
to union and concord. Thr eocifinemeot or 
fcqueftration of tlieir two firff ^deputifes in 
the English college^ has the appearance of 
a ftrong meafure , and I am not inclined to 
applaud it. I only obferve that h was or* 
dained by a court , offended by ,' «t leaft , an 
appearance of retolt againflr a meafure, upon 


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( t49 ) 
whidi* it had beftc^ved much mature dellbe* 
racioii and care^Md :ifMii which the folid 
fruits of peace and due fubordinaiion, wer e 
reafboably expeAed* I'be deputies vete coa^ 
fined to the Eogllsfa cotttge^ m order* to fe^ 
quefter them from commuuicatiQii with their 
countrymen in town , by foine of whom 
th€ cabal (for futfa it "wUi deemed) *wbuld 
ccrtaifriy be fomented; ^and^ experience bad 
shewn ) that this intercourCe hadbeeti it^tte^ 
ly prejudictat in the tumotts of the Engtisfa: 
college, (it) 

(<i ) It it ooc ancoimnof at Rome^ Wbeii Biaii^t. atid 

priefts arc cited co anfw^r to aajr accttfatioK f» complaiiity 

to affign them their Mining in fone particulaT fanioarjr 

Of coavmity and generally iti thac^ (^ their own' natioo, if 

thtfte ba •new 1%e cwio d^cita of die diftoiUenced priafta 

had bea» eiglitceii days in Roine> before the^ >ixiere of*^ 

dered to be fequeftered i^ cheflngUah ooliege. . Oq .tbeif 

arrifaf, thtty W^re MiUjr iavkedrby tike tt&ox Paribna^ t9 

ihe . bbfpitality of tbe eolfege^ b^t tbey haiahly t%MH 

even to adiaic bia viBcy et xo appear ii the c«Uegf or 

)t9i church.. Two Cardiiiala and the Popes fifcal trer^ 

deputed to bear tbeii cooiplaiots ; and the Pope, read 

and confldered their whole report « before he gave hit 

dedtfot). I bave ibmewhere read a letter of Mr. Bishop^ 

Whb Was one of the depntfes^ in Which he acknowledges^ 

tiiat he Was teleafed from his conftnement ^ kf tk^ ifiunft 

mni prtcMftment of P. Parfofts. A MS. in my handt re« 

lacei, that their confinement wonld hgve been mote ftrid* 


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( tso ) 
Id elafiDS diis:|xart 6f my rctnftrksi I ttnft 
femtn<i^he:t€tiidfr».tlmtl have baceljTfskefched 
the ouitioes of a fiory ^ "wllich has b^en related 
vecy iliferently by wifters of differeot cooi* 
pfeiDons^ My iiar ration is drawn aluioft en* 
tirely from 'ancient MSS. and letters wckten 
by f^fdns , wh6 highly ; 4ifapproved the eon* 
dad of (Paget aod ^b friends^ that of the 
ttttnultuoiis fiudemr^ ^abd of the appellants^ 
whomiMr. Berington. every Vfaere dignifies 

if Pa/rons had not interceded, for them with the difpleatbd 
pontiff. The angfy W&tfon afterwards called Parfout 
tSexi'goalif^^ and Mr. Berin|;C5S feent to be delighted 
iiirhr tfa^ cklomny. it Vat probabiy the caoifc , why 
XHnifons wrote to Mr. Bhhop a letter of four sheets > 
dated (Ktober 9. 1599, oo the fubjea of bis and Char^ 
nocks ^dafinement , whick I €nd entered ia a regifter of 
the MSS. of Parfons preferved in tho afthif hMn-of the 
SngKsh cotle^ -at Rome. I- have heard thic this archi- 
"Vium/die principal repoficory* of papet'S relactre to the 
concerns of Englri^ catholics t was nearlj emptied after 
the dlfmiflton of the Jefuits fifbm the college in i/ra ) 
that flany of the papers were carried aWay and others 
Scattered a^d wafted by ^lerfona^ ^ho probiblyrki^w not 
the value of tfaen^. I have alfo been lafoiaied, (but I 
cannot vouch for it) that a '^odth of the name of Kirk 
at that time a yonng. ftudent in- the college ^ gathered and 
faved fefne of theft papers, and hl» fiace connooicated 
<hem t6 Mr. Beriagtoa. If the' letter of Parfoas to 
Mr.Btahop be amoag jtjiem^ I hope Mr. Bsrington will 
*ilV«»tir'os whh a fight of it^ : - 

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( 131 

wkb the oamc af';the cathoM d^rfyiu Hii 

relation qF tbefe sveots;, and .erpedadlyi hi^ 

portrait of Parfi>iisv;is.cq^ied at fetodd baoil 

from the Trui Rihthm of Bagshaw « the B^ 

claraih mMtuA o£ Musb , :mid the • JQupdUtvMs 

of Watfoov and it tberifbife. coincides /with 

the accounts, ^hicli fotuiditn CaiH- 

.deo^ De Thouy Thoyirasv and odiecs iofithe 

moil bitter enemies of the Roman ^^e^ who 

in their turn had copied andMrnpromd she 

xelaiions of thofe': turbulent and paffia^ai;e 

tl^riefig; .Mr. Borington has iupeffaddod :a 

iHige.of maliciqus i]pii^>to .all tbiedrliblatjaoh; 

heiias carried, bis ptaetrationlint^the defp 

. IbUa of Par(hos\ twiitfcal nand , iodlr be^ has 

.there uncavilied tbe^Mmlb fiepes :tf idiejxon- 

trivancje projefted ; by • ibat faiber > ,r tot b^t 

dowii!and to .trample upon the catholicdetgy, 

^and to eftfabli^ the fal^ij^au ifioB^tchj olbtiie 

Jefuits, without dontrbul'Or cofacumerides^ 

over tbe^ cathoiicsiof this land-' (^} .He f can* 

, dudes this admirable: inftance rcffziUsiiffight 

into the: human be^v by''toodeflt|nrfayitag 

.f»3io:\thi8 ^ or in la itianoer .imcii^ntik^ /lii. 


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t «3« ) 

iitii indeea bis own Mair^ imeteil Is cm- 
'dtrnd m this preftimptiock For itot to taisth 
tipn his faabitutl indimuoB 40 da#b io tibrk 
colours, wc nmy.prtJxumihMi be fomxi ic ne- 
ceflary to thicken diem ih the Cif iCTtur e of 
ParfcHis^ whom he knc^ tb have be'to, ih Us 
day, one of thelirffiefi fopporcs ^thit 1^* 
rhual authority of the fdvtftifc^ pdotiff wMl 
bis delegates , irhich fetters htm io all Ixis 
motions; it wasrequ^e faioi-eoftrtirsMi^r 
fnfime^ to ufd'fonle iKldlreft io anay Ufe 
rifing qualms, which might accdrfi6nally ietoi 
the confciendes of moderiA appeltkntktod jMh 
tellers' againfi that authority ; and what lent- 
tirecobtd be mofe gentry eflica^ious , tUki 
eo adote Idieif predtaiibssf ^ die Bagdiavs aU 
rWfttibns.ol* old iUijs\^ "widitTe^ genetous 
.yktufe, and thub ta.ednbtt the Ipafibnslbe 
f^eds frf*a very fe\y |tfieftfe,.^s khi^jvirttais 
fOfthms of the whole dergy"? fWhila thde 
men are broujgfat forward^ iil tlie pi&ife as 
ihodeis'i&rimitatkm; thltfeft of dii?cWrgy, 
^ho dhiliAofc ai&eirt toidi^qare ihrcAmimD 
.the btekgroond^-ai'ii band of degraded ?ilaies, 
rgaggedjaKLboundiiB^lFJ pai&ps laet. Such 
an. unfieemlyiJtriumpkjDthfiuned by the. arts of 
Machiavel , will even yet , // may.U^j^rejumed^ 
light up a fpark of houeft indignation againft 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

< m ) 

the nm crrft-Gilkn PdHboiatosbf tfaffediys; 
and if any should catch thfe gisbcnis ikuAi^ 
and agree with Mr> BcnogttA in this oiie 
poin^ , they woDld at once avttnge him agi&ift 
his modern je^ical amagonifis,, and probai* 
bly would ivoi thwart- him ih his fistbre dErf- 
p|ae.proje^4 1^ deliver uii fii6to'tfac iqiatmo(i 
.of Rome , attd ta refioce.fidr liberty to' dik 
Britiafa- oathfdic church. ' inMis^ br in m 

riagton rtafoaj^i but a» lido; not po&ft Jut 
^leQi t^f diftrecoiqg ipaxii. I offiw ny pob- 
jll^re» mer/|{jjr;«s 9 fiarody 4)f>.-h« diStftBtioh 
jon^tlpe .i«n^f|i|^'fe«fQplBghx)f BurfttAf I aitd is 
tjie tea4s? ffi^A nowperceire ibtt Mh Be> 
riogcop A«* ^ have gi«eo ^tey diifereae -to- 
^ovqis oil^^hf isrchprieft and of the appeHaat** 
his oiVfi.ii^ftirxntityt.wUl.dirfd'^m to.pfefior 
that, which ahfil) apifear u> him to b^i&oft 
cleared from paffion , and mpft cpnfonant. to 
.truth, CflX .._^ ,..■ ■•.,..-. .. . ■ 

) ■_ I III f i j I r< 1 1 1 I ( iw I ^P l> B» d d li 

-<rf th« tlii^ i' «b)(i Ac IfelAtfMir fi^ Ab dh:iipTl«ft ind of ibntb 

thn V«D^r)K "H^Ueh 16 e»rtlS% i^idibfedas Vo dife ' 
ttcbprieft%io0eta4(di «iid IMbutic«; A 4MUn| Vitb 

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( m ) 

; The protdfaitidn of illep^lkciy "winch wis 
/offered by the; thirteeif pneA^ tdWardisr die 
dofe ofElifabeths reign, and is fa much eie^ 
tc^ed by Mr. Beriogtoa and Sir J. Throck- 
morton, {*) demajids a short word; sriod it 
wiU lead nke to fiiy another oil' ibe'poHtical 
iprtocipks ofDrV Ailen vof P^fons^ aad the 
body ;of the tniffidoary' clergy. ^T^e^ principles 
of civil allegianee ilated in that Mftrameiit, 
when iofuhted \from every ^rcwfideratibn df 
the times, are irreprdienible-; itay at all limes 
they are trueakid oogfat 4o %e^lbHowed; but 
1 cannot vO& this 9ccoat)t,2«^j^d' the coo« 
dn& of the men ; ^aadvstneed XHm. I vnSl 
readily^aekbotrledge thtir *he^ft IntenAons , 
when it shall be'provred to i^e^ Itfaat none of 
them hflid pre^rioafly contrived ^pidt^votm 
with the mirifters'or emiflaries^oftKe^Qoeen: 
and if in iHi{irrpe6Un]^ finiplib'fty tifey acoepted 

' • : i 
bit cronblelbine opponesct. The Appendix^N*. V. will 

iidp to- shew I whereHi kit cottdttft- w ii - jodged to be 

de&ctifevSDd wili lifc^nriff e3(pIiuii.,cbe/r«^.ientii|Mnu 

of Paifoiia itpd his^^^^ral Acqii}prispt:w)|]l^t)iey jndgQll 

ic to be tbi^ir "dncy to fippof t eftibliahed aathority> 19 

ibc perfon of the archprieft. The Np$f.,VI and YU of 

the iippeirdix may alfo caft i^i^e ligjit vf^n the charade 

of Parfom and oa ^he. amie , in which- tie was eag^sed* 1 

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( 1S5 ) 
it^ becatrfe te cxt)reaions bf allegiance were 
joii ; I willxxHniMad tfaeir loyalfy ; and I will 
pity their phort*4igh ted policy. 1 cafloot doubt 
that it W39 thus accepted by a few of their 
immber, e^pechrtty by the tw^ virtuous meo^ 
\f ho afterwirdi being condemned to die for 
their ' pdefliyvohamder, Mfiifitd to ranftfm* 
thnc. itvea at ^e etpence of cbnfdence , by 
pvQnounping. the oath of Jaoies L But there 
were others, among them ^ who having joined 
the ^pellams ^ weire engaged hi the iotrigoet 
of^that party ^, and had availed themfelves 4>lr: 
the influence; and deceitful proeedton of the^ 
mioillry') to overturti the? lawful (^ritual 
government of the archpneft;in oppofitloia; 
to the head: of) the chUrdi* aoii to the bulk of 
their bretbrenj If h be thought rash to fiif- 
pe£l. thefe mdmofa deeper defign, I muft at' 
leafi fay, that their deed, even io its beft- 
view, was an ufdefs piece of .offieioofneis : it 
carried on its^ vfcry face, the moft lindeferved 
affront to their brethren , and it has aU the air 
of a charafleri^ing ftroke of party. If the expe^ 
tieace pf forty y«rs. could have^ mftru&ed 
thje£e dien in the real poKey* of the govctm-- 
meot^ they mufl have known to a cei^taioty,: 
tint f^e. Qi&tirpatjion of the catholic religioo : 
w^ anoQg tb« f^rempft aod the fondeft of its 

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wm : th0y tei^bt have knoim beyood a 
4pubt, thflp the Queens . govsromeot never 
iptended to indulge o^tholict in a quiet toJe- 
miiop of their reKjpon , in retun Ibr cbeir civil 
^Degiaope* Thn profligate govjermoeat w^ 
koew , th9t the catholics were faithful by 
principle a04 by habit ( but. their policy was, 
sot to pf oteft thfim booourably , as their doty 
prefcribed , but to ipriBg from them , by arc 
aod by force, that very religion, in which 
they found the iborce and notive of their 
allegiance. Why then sbooid thimsM pnefis 
Q(fici6ufly d>tnidq upon fuch a government, 
a dedftfation of their duty to then- four and 
partial Queen, svbo had nev^tdoabced of didr 
frlelity , who had no reafita to^ call it in quef* 
tioo, and whd never meant^ in rttura, lo 
firetch out to thim die lenieotsheod of pro* 
tf^ipnl Their proteftatton, no doubt, was 
acceptable to the Queen and her, miaifters; 
IXK becaufe it fecured the fidelity of ddrma 
pfitfls^ which had never been fubjed to a 
doubt; bu( becaufe it conveyed a reproach 
of difloyalty upon all other priefts and ca- 
tholics, who far^Iy yielded not to them in 
t^e di(cbarge of their civil duties; becaufe it 
reprefented diem as rebels leagued with the 
Queens foes, and thus furnished her an op* 


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poftiSflity tb sharpen the fcorpions, with which 

It was cvcp. the Iteady porpofe of her foul to 

Scourge tb^di. The famous proteftatiod tot 

only impUes this foul itnputatioa ; it Contaiiti 

tbe moft un^qtrivocal avowat of ttitati in 

thfiir btethrcoj, which thefe bfethred had lievet 

eonnnitted. "V^iere and when ft^d caiibolie 

priefls or laymen mad* vbn/plraeii^ agaitifi^er 

majefties per fen , oT fundry fdteiih attaiipts far 

invading and conquering her domtttioHif ^'Where 

and When had they done thefe' ^if^g'sV (aider, 

pretence ofrejhring the Ctiihoiic retigidfif^Wkeh 

had it been proved, that they 1^ fapdtired 

Ihe/i eon/piracies and inw^brts\'(*y jnkii "iHi 

intended Spanish invafioo inisS^^^ In "^eibp^ 

poiition of guilt , Were \!&tihitii«^ pritfli ihe 

only perfons. Who were: iniobact^e^ 'OSM^ 

den 4 the paftegyrift of EHntbethV^^^Th^U 

and other enemies^ of the old fetigloo, talk 

mtich' of confpiracle» and plots planned and 

eontf^ed in the {toinarkst becaaftf k' wat 

llieit bulinefs to (breeh the fe verity tfih€ 

penaf laws from -ifte execratfon" of 'tifaKkind., 

But wttere tfonfTd thefe prOteftiflg-'pliifts 

faaVte teamed, thart 4hofe plots weri trtill 

AIt; ^eringtes- Mmfelf j with a ll his infigh c 

■ I I 11 I I I I I mi ll Ij hlm i I > I II 

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( 138 ) 
iflto the human hean, knows not hov to 
flercribe them. » I have noticed he fays y the 
9» enterprifes of the difafifefted itien , of whom 
|9 the proteflation fpeaks, and I have told 
9» who the^ were; ^ {*) that is, he has 
wildjy- attributed them to Parfons and the 
JcCt^s; but with his ufual inconfiftepcy he 
iias.^ed them real ^nd imaginary within the 
j^hoxt ipace of three pages, (t) If the minifirj 
liad/wamfd an aiTurance of cathoUc loyalty, 
Vihy ^}d it not frame and propofe an unex- 
/;^ptipnable mpdel for that purpofe^ to the 
A;5(I\plp;l)(>d5f *} Why did it not propofe even 
l\i^ i9f the thirteen prieils , divefied of its ca* 
lumoie^^sWhy did i\ not at lead relieve thefe 
thirteen prk^s from the preifure of the penal 
Imfifl ^kyj4i4i they contrive, infteadof it, 
Maar;it:apiiqu$^ oath, which , a few years after, 
througb the weaknefs of Blackwell , too well 
finfw^red .their real purpofe of difuniting thofe , 
whom they continually endeavoured lo fur- 
prife and betfay into the fp^rf Sa idiich they 
had preparf;4 fpr <hem;i If pfhcr hifiopcal mo- 
num^ts were wanting to prave; it, this pro* 
tefiation alone would be a denionllration, diac 

(t)^^W. p.p. 33.35, 

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( 139 ) 
the priefis, who adopted it, were equally 
guided and fooled by the miniflry , whofe fole 
aim was to divide the catholics , and who , 
on that principle, favoured their well known 
appeal to Rome {a). It equally proves, that 
the fpirit of party , in which, they were enga- 
ged, blinded them with refpe£l to the real 
intereft of the catholic caufe, which they 
loved, and which was better promoted by 
that body of their clerical brethren, who 
continued to refute their calumniators by 
their peaceable demeanour ^ ^and to edify the 

Qa^ Some of thefe priefts had been releafed from pri« 

fou by the miniftry, and permlcced to travel In fecority 

through England , In order to gaiff profelytes to the 

appellant party. In the procefs of their appeal , they were 

recommended to the «Engljth ambailkdort at Paris and 

other foreign cooru, and they were always clofely 

conne^d with Bishop Bancroft. ^ The mifunderftan* 

„ dings between the feculars (priefts) and Jefuits ftill 

ff continuing , Bancroft Bishop of London enterulned 

M fome of the former , and famished them with convex 

n niencies to write againft their adverfaries. m Collyen 

Cb. Hifi. P. II. p. 664. Under oor prefent equitable 

government , catholic priefts will merit the approbation 

of their rulers , much more by fubmitting to their eccleii<* 

aftical foperiors , than by holding- out to the public the 

dangerous example of refifting and protefting againft their 

acknowledged authority. Qui f^nfi cafire-^ eaflat. 

S 2 

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i HO ) 

etorcb by their Dmnerited fuff«riogff« I0 thts 
Yiew of the mattery I am not fprprifed , that 
a fourteenth came could not be fouod, to 
be joined to the prottftation of aUegumu\ 
and I shall be exceedingly adoaislied 9 if 
a fourteenth name be ever added to Uif 
modern proteftation of Mr. Beriogton and 
Ills SuSbtdshire worthies y whole renowo he 
has t>romifed to eteroize with that of the 
appellant protefters , whofe deed I have bere 
examined. I end with obferviDg, that as 
thefe latter declared in their proteftation ^ thai 
they would obey the Pope , whom they were 
then aftuall]^ difobeying 4 fo the former profefs 
« refpe£t for the fpiritual authority of the 
Bishop , againil the exertion of which they 
protell and appeal. 

But what were the political princiiries of 
Cardinal Allen , Parfons and the miifionary 
priefts, whom thefe protefters fo feverely in- 
culpate "1 From all the printed and manufcript 
memoirs, which I have feen « (and I have feeo 
many ) it appears , that political bufinefs formed 
BO part of the education of the feminary priefts. 
The bulk of them were folely intent on fitting 
themfelves for the painful duties of miflioners, 
and on preparing themfelves for a life tS. toil 

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( 14* ) 

and £uffmngM which they cxpefled and ho^ 
ivould end in m^nyrdom* I have feen muUW 
tudes of letters written by them from England 
during Eiifabeths reign ; they all breathe an 
exalted fpirit of religious zeal; they defcribe 
the miflionary fuccefles, the piety « the fu£&r<' 
iDgs , the executions of priefts and laymen ; 
they frequently deplore the troubles railed by 
apoftates and traitors , and the uneaiinefies 
occafioned by the appellant prieiis; but I have 
* rarely found a word relating to public bufinefs^ 
or to their own principles , wishes or imerefi* 
in the political concerns of the nation* This 
mud have been an efief): of the confummatf 
prudence of Alien apdPaifons, who had for« 
bidden any quefiions , in which the rights oir 
prftenfions of princes were involved, to be 
difcufled in the fchools and exercif4?s of the 
feminaries« (a) It is however certain ^ th9t 

(i?) Ic hts been vtrypettlDcntly remarked by Mr. Mil- 
ner^ thacche depoRng do^rine under cet^P t6&li£UQ0&« 
was caught , at this time , in every place of theological 
edpcatlofi, the BngHsh catholic feminaries alone excepted; 
and that the fix queries relative to it, Which were pro« 
pofed to Campion and hts companions, were equally uo- 
juft and cruel.. (See EecUf^ hem9c. deteSed. pp. i88. 190} 
It may be added , that the variety of the anfwers gf^ven 
by chofe holy men, is a proof that tb#y had not IhKl^ed 

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tbey all coofidered Queen Elifabeth as the 
capital enemy of their religion ; and as the 
re^eftabUshment of this religion was th£ ulti- 
mate end of all their labours and wishes , they 
deemed it an happinefs to concur to it, by 
every lawful means in their power. 1 could 
produce many proofs of this difpofition of the 
feminary priefts ; but I have never yet found 
a fyllable, >?hich could prove or indicate a 
plot or the concurrence of any of them in any 
plot , againft the life or the fovereignty of the 
Queen; and it is certain, that the inftru£Hons 
to them from ^pe Gregory XIII required 
their civil obedience to the Queen , and their 
public acknowledgment of her fovereignty. 

A few of them had deeper views. Mr. Be- 
rington alTerts, that « the whole life ofParfoos 
ff was a feries of machinations againft die 
»> fovereignty of his country, »> (*) but, as 
ufual , he has not adminiftered a iingle proof* 

the queftion or forned )iDy fteady ideas opon ic. Thej 
all agreed in one poioc , that they had difcharged eterj 
duty of civil allegtaoce, and that no aiminality coold be 
proved upon them. But the/ were priefti^ and therefoie 
they were hanged. - 

^ (*) Mem. p. aS. 

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( M3 ) 
I liaye eagerly fearcbed a oumber of his letter! 
and other writings^ befides feveral of Garnet^ 
and of Cardinal Allen , and the amount 
of. what I have difcovered , is as^ follows^ 
They all confidered religion as the fird hap* 
pinefs and cdncern of man , and die defiruc* 
lion of it by Elifabeth , as the mod unwar« 
rantable abufe of lawlefs power. They adhe- 
red in fpeculation to the univerfal do&rine of 
theiir own and of many preceding ages, which 
admitted a limited temporal authority in the 
iPope, to be exercifed only for the efTential 
fervice and interefls of religion ; and of couple 
they never queflioned the juflice of tbofe 
temporal and civil deprivations and forfeitures^ 
ivhich , during fo many ages , had been coc'** 
nefled with (he fpiritual fentence of excom- 
munication. If this was a crime , it attache4 
equally to all their cotemporaries ; and Ibrely 
nothing can be more dilingenuous , than to 
maintain with Mr. Berington and his patroii 
Sir J. Throckmorton 9 that|our priefis , wha 
were condemned and executed merely for 
their prieilly charajfter., did not fufier .for 
their religion , becaufe fome of them did not 
^roqodly deny, a doflrine, which almoft all 
chriftendom believed, to be true. Howevef 
Bncerely 1 di&pprove of the principle, oa 

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( U4 ) 
Ithich the bulls of Piuj V. and SixtQs V. 
againil Elifabeth were grounded, I am not 
furprifed, that thofe bulls were approved by 
Cardinal Allen and his friends ; and U appears^ 
that they would have conGdered the execu- 
tion of them, ^ they had taketi effeft, as 
juft and lawful. It is alfo certain, (though 1 
find no traces of it in their lett^s ) that , on 
account of the invalidity of Anne Bolens 
marriage, efiablished by fentence of thb holy 
fee and by various afls of the legiflatnre, 
they confidered Elifabeth as wrongfully placed 
upon the throne , to the injnry of the captive 
Queen of Scotland,* from whom they might 
expeA redrefs for their fuETerings and the 
re-eftablishment of their religion , which of 
all things lay neareft to their heart. They 
remembered with bitter recolle£Bort , that 
this religion, the exclufive truth of which was 
Hn eifential tenet, had been, a f^w years 
before , protefted from the throne , and reve* 
ted throughout the extent of the 'empire. 
They had witnefTed the crimes of three fuc* 
Mffive reigns, which had plundered the 
ihurches, defaced the altars, and murder^ M 
ejefted the minifters; they Were now fheirfel?is 
forely perfecuted by the unrelenting queen ^ 
imd they confidened thrs" queen as an ufurpef. 


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^iil^ey hield freedom of catholic i'eligibn to he 

the moft precious of the rights and dues Of 

tnankind) and the obligation of protefling it 

to be the firft duty of the fovereign. On the 

Ancient principle above dated, they conceived 

the foverefgn to be fubje£l to corredioo from 

the head of the churdh ^ at leaft for crimes 

fuch ak Elifabeth had committed; and on 

Viefe grounds ,' the execution of the bull of 

Pope Pius by Philip 11 wooljl, in their 

fefiimation , have befeo a deed of eminent joiiice. 

They knew that private individuals, however 

injured , might not lawfully ufe violence to 

Tedrefs their grievances; but Wat dem^unced 

•by the Spanish monarch and fanfltoned by 

the fentehce of the Pope , was to them at 

iBDce honourable and lawful. Hence a few of 

the leading Catholic exiles conceived great 

hopes from the Spanish armament, and Car* 

dinal Alien even wrote a short treatife to 

prove ^ that the war was juft and neceflary. 

to reftore the nation to the enjoyment of 

thofe efftntial t\ghti\' of which Elifabeth had 

forcibly deprived it* This treatife of the 

Cardinal appears to have been little known ac 

the time, and after the defeat of the armada^ 

it fell into oblivion, Dodd feems to deoy its 


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( 146 ) 
€xi{lence. (<3) (*) l^parti^I perfbns however 
lP(ritL not be hafty lo coodemniog the veuerabk 
author as a traitor to his couotry , if tbej 
coolidor, that be was then becotBefrom d^ccC* 
fny a fubjed of a foreign prince ^ and coned* 
ved hHnfelf authorifed by acknowledged au« 
thority to declare enmity s^ainft her, whom 
bt oonfidered as an ofutper, and to whole 
ufurpation he folely attributed all his couotriet 
grievances and diflrefles. Private enmity 
was foreign from hi^ heart , and his emioem 
fpirit of religion and honour fcreens him iron 
every ftilpicion of fe'cr et revenge or unautho* 
rized hoftilky* Tbe bittereft enemies of the 
lemlnarifist Loiid Burleigh, Camden , WatfiMi 

II I I ' ■ t ' ■ ii ■ I ■ i I. I »t\ I im 

(«) lliit froaU treatffe itoiiliftiftg of Oxty pages in oc- 
uvo is dated from Rome April a8 i$88 and it ettitled, 
jf» admpmtioM to the nokitity and feofh of Englsnd swi 
Jr eland concerning the freftnt vf arret , &c. I btve never 
feen more than one copy of it. I prefume . that Mr. Be- 
lington «Bd Sir J. ThrodctnArtdn have wot (cea tny. Tl« 
former does Hoc dte it , anil ilie latter cat oiily fad 
it blai&ed in a iener fufpofed t4 pt wiitem iB 1588 /tmi 
a priejl to a Spaniard in France. Furtb. confid. p. 132. fdf. 
It appears from the Cardinals treatife, that he was n^ 
ignorant of the blemishes in the cbarafter of EK(abetli| 
which hive beea lb amply, dlfpi^ed by finrcnd eminetc 
jKKiara wcitera. 

' (♦) VoKILp. 54. 

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( HT ) 
tilt appettam, IBering^Ma a^Si«X Tbrocle- 
moctoa, ace reduced; tpicoofine tHomftW^ to 
general impiuattodi 4)f weaibo; they cannot 
iodiTidiiate a fingle §a&, Mr. Beringtan even 
•» took upon himfelfta^a^eri^ki defianee of the 
99 mod determined pntagonifls, that the ca- 
99 tholics were not guiltyof one a^oftreaftn, 
91 fedkion or rebellion^ dkiring the forty feur 
99 years of £lifabeths rei^n , « (*) until! fin- 
ding it convenient to adopt the ideas of his 
new patron , he fefolved to write a book of 
RiiraSiOions^ {]) and in the mean time in^ 
formed iTs, u that machioations agaioft the 
-« Queen , fome real , fome fiSitious , werfe, 
t» inceflantly praSifid inf the feminaries; ($) 
V) and that the Important confiderations of 
« William Watfon had shewn him , how in*- 
f> confident with the truth of thmgs his own 
» (former) ideas had been. »» (5) Such is the 
fyftem of ajfbciation ofiieas\^ of which Mr.Be- 
rington fo firequently fpeaks. I, who have 
fearched for the guilt oJF ^the firft feininarifis 
through volumes of MS records and letters 

-T— F^ 

(t) Pref. to M$m. p. X«i 

C§) Mem. p. 33. 

CD Ibid.f, 36. ^ 


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written by them, hire not yet difeoviprei a 
trace ^ a fy mptom of any plot or contri vaiKe to 
4ethrone or to defooy Elifabeth, in which the 
^founders of the femioaries, ot any of theii 
friends pr depeisdants liiad tl^e fmalleft ^ncenu 

p Their fellow-fu£Eerers in France (the Ho^ 
M gueoots ) <> (ays Mr* Beriogton ^ would have 
9> played a better game. 99 (*).lVlay shame 
overtake that prieft , who reviling our venera- 
ble femioaries of edu^aUon , has dared to hold 
out the example of rebellious ^uguenots to 
British catholics, whofe aoceflors, duriog 
two, centuries, exhibited an unparalleled 
xpodel pf fidelity (a their fovereigns, though 
their adminiftration feeaie4 often calculated to 
exafperate ever,y fel^sh paflSon, which hurries 
injured men to the perpetration of crimes. 
But British catholics and tbeir clecgy have 
deeply imbibed the l^reditary maxims ^ whicb 
have be^n perjpe^uated in tbeir feminaries 
from the days of Cardinal Alien to tb^e pre- 
fent p^r^pd^ in .^bjcb thefie feminaries arc 
falling before the rage of the declared enemies 
of God, of monarchs and of.mankind. Our 
clergy will perfevere in thefe maxims; they 

(•) Refii». to J. N. prtf. p. yHj. 

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will blasb It the difloyal dcOriiies of the 

panegyrift of Arnold of Brefcia, and they 

ivv^ill fmile at die glow of loyalty,, with which 

fits patron announces to the British nation , 

» that neither the principles, nor the alle^ 

^> giance , of the catholic clergy are fecure. o (♦) 

Faithful fubjefl! the zeal of loyalty eats him 

up ! And has he then witnefled a word or a 

^eed, which might ground fo defperate 4 

charge againft any catholic clergyman , when 

that fingle clergyman is excepted, whom he 

has chofen for his own unlicenfed chaplain^ 

Qan he ey^n convi^pur predecelTors, of the 

two pad centuries, of any pf thofe inceffant 

machinatioas againft their fovereig'ns, of which 

his chaplain has laid the fcene in our fernina* 

ries 1 Jle may perhaps prove , what we shall 

readily grant?, that the venerable founders of 

thofe femidaries were taught a fpeculative 

principle, which we rejeft; but furely it might 

hecome Sir J. Throckmorton, living in the 

mUd light of calm philofophy, to emulate the 

generofity of knights of old renown, and to 

shew fome forbearaoce, fome compaflion for 

poor exiled priefts,^ who groped in an age of 

darknefs, and were (in his judgment )fwathed 

.. . ■ ' ■ ■ ^ 

(^1 mnb^ C^tfsd. p. 166, 

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in ibe fiibki of bigotry, igoorance wd pre* 
jpdice* We their ions^ wo wiU repeat it 
tb his foce^^are ftithful to our religion aad 
(o our priDcd He will sever mut us in 
the aflembiics aod dubs , where private 
tain prefome to fcan the couduA of their 
lulers, and even to arraign the very fbroi 
ef the legiflature, to which we have pl^ 
fed our duty and our fubmiflion ; and ii 
he perfift to derive upon us a fufpicion of the 
pretended difloyalty of our anceAors, we will 
iieet him , tbret hundred ^ a hoft, and in the 
Jbce of the nation , we will dllclaiai the falfe* 
hood and forfWear the calumny. 

After, tbe^n^r^ of the Spanish arpsada , the 
^tmoft political e^Ebrts ijf ^ardi«al Aillea, 
parfons and their friends fe?ai^Ct> have bcea 
«lire£led to procure a caiholia (Ucceflbr to the 
Queen {and ^re is evidjencefi-Qoi their letters , 
|hat to eSe£l this, they eodearoured to engage 
|he interefi of the Pope and of other catholic 
powers, (a) Parfonsbadlabouxedineff^uaUj 

<df) Mr. Bcringtofl ti&res Mm. p. ^$. thit Parfoal 
being apprifed of the projeA of the clerfy to obqiiii Bishopiy 
haftemd from Spain to Rome to connceraft k. He aine 
thither in 159;^ after a flow joorney of fome monthsi and 
^xom Genoa he wrote a confiiemia^ fetter to E. Hok a( 

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to fkcute the education of the Scattish ki^g 
in the religion of his fore-fathers; and he had 
rendered to him ufeful fervices , in the hop^ 
of attaching bis confidence to the catlioKc 
friends of his family. Though ^he Queen ha4 
clofed the mouths of politicians pa the quei^ 
tion of the fuccefBon to her^croKrv^ it wnf 
Judged by many , that there m}\n\d he fefetajl 
precenderr^ befides a powerful party at home^ 
to witbold it from James , whofe mother ha4 
been executed as a traitor by Elifabetb. 
When Parfons defpaired of attaching him tQ 
the catholic religion , he feems tp bare wished 
the excluGop of James, and araouj; the pof« 
jQble competitors , to have hoped for fucced to 
the preteofions of the Infanta of Spain, or 
* the duke of Parma. He repeatediy declare^^ 
that he cares not who poflefles the throne « 
provided ^e be a catholic; that beleaves thiK 
concern to the princes, who were intereftieif 
» I ■ t II t , • , I ' >■ ' I ,, ■ 

Bruxelles, dated march 15. 1597, toictplain Co him tb^ 
motives of his journey. The petition for Bishops i^ not 
tinong the& motives/. It is faid, Aac this letter Was 
ftolen from 'HqI^/^ It was made public by the adverfafic) 
rf Parfons; and becaiife ic difirovers more of biSL political 
Views , than any other of his wntings , which I have 
ften , it will be printed in the Appendft N«. V. S?e 
^ib ^/i//N^. VL his letter to the Earl of Angus. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( *54 ) 
In it, and hopes that they will giVe ttidf 
fupport to that pretender , who, being a ca^ 
tholic , may be mod acceptable to the Datiod 
iibd to furfoundihg powers. On this prmd- 
J)le , DoMan ot the Conference about the Juc^ 
iejfion was iihritten, With a view, as a letter of 
Parfons fays, to open the eyes of the nation 
to their main imereft, to which the Queens 
pbHcy forbade them to attend. This book ^ 
commonly attributed M> Parfods, Was the 
joint prOduftiod of feveral. Cardinal AHeii 
Und Sir Francis Englefield \^ere prdbabtjr 
among the principal compilers; and in the 
feveral letters, in which Parfons nientions it, 
he calls it the work of wife and good meo^ 
but he no where claims a ' share of it for 
himfelf. This may have been a pfudentiat 
refetve ; add as I thidk it probable that he 
concurred with the others in the compofition 4 
I take it to b* certain, that he adtiiitted and 
approved the principles and fentiments which 
^he book deUver*. 

In judgidg the men , who J^rofefled thef« 
fentiments and principles , it wbuld be very 
tinfair to forget, that they followed the ge- 
neral maxims of their age , in which oor im- 


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( »S3 ) 

^oVed theories ofgoveroment were unkbowii^ 

and that they applied their principles Ao an 

tipproachiog and doubtfiil events in which tbey 

vrere highly interefied^^aod on which no/fiir» 

perier authority bad yet laid down a.hti^^^ 

that commanded unirerfal fobmiffion-. With 

this caution , and on this short view of ihc 

political principles of Cardinal Allen ^^F. Par- 

fons and their friends, I ehtreat the reader. t9 

pronounce^ whether the violent *inEi()UtattofW 

of difloyaliy and treafofv^» . WHh whidi<iSijr 

J. Throckmorton, aitid . Mif ; jBpring«<ii9;.cb9fg» 

the memory of thofe venerable men' 1 1 tt€ 

fairly grounded id fafl!. The mifer&hle C9^ 

lutnnies^ which Mr. Btfrington 'h'aa ^kttiiM 

ir6m the Confidcrtaions of ^Watfba^iteill^^tiC 

biafs the readers ofmA, When he^obfihrime^ 

that this paffionate aadtfiilfe man!«^ti4i|}(»(iit 

the flighted proof ,JtepUcates Parfons andrtU 

the Jefuits in the affairs of Thrpckmprtoq^ 

Parry and Squire, in Which not ode of them 

had the ilighteft concern; that he jaclpi^JTes 

them of abetting the Spanish inva0on ^and mod 

unwari'antably afierts , ich^t « none weri^.^ever 

n vestjdthat Way (by penal laws, racks > fii€/) 

« fimply for that he' w%rs either pridi ^r 

« catholic; , but becauftf thejr were ya^^^fffW 

p have had their hands ia ibme '^,^ij^% 1|U9f 

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M^noft traiterous deiigomeots. » (^) lodceci 
Cbis' Watfon , the Beriiigton of his day , vai 
the- knidcft , aod, I believe , the ixroril nna 
kt the appellants part]^ ; aod it ia ea(y to ap- 
preciate the tnifii of Iiis incoofiderate Confide* 
r4/io^5^ when ) contrary to the ootoriety of 
the Aft and to his own intentions , he iHh 
peachtSrtbe juftice of his country, by a&r- 
tilDg, that it punished our miffiooary priefls 
Md' catholics , merely on fu/picion. But he 
Was ^e hireling of Elifabeths* minifters , aad 
%tafed with his pfodi^te ftiend Clerk, he fril 
« viftim in his turn; to the policy of another 
ttknitaiftracjon; («) they both died begging 
fBtMp of Ood and of iheir brethren , and 
Jtfpecially ^ the Jefuits , whom they, had be- 
tnryai dod ihjoredv ,If ilxe oien had not been 
hanged i J would fdy^to Mr. Bei'ington^ Fidoi 
tibyifima tua homm fimilia^ (^) 

W^ -' ^ ' ; L = :- : .■ 

(*) If^, p. 36, 

(tf> I'hcy were both executed at Wiftchefter bt Hjh 

Cl/)lt \i ebfenrable, that Mr. B^agtoii eitei •• 
^UM origitml authdft » cfatii ViTRfbs , Mtshr and Bagihtir. 
Jfe liiift certainly AppoiS) tbat neiie of )^it readert art 
Pfm Jiji^qoawcd with^j^e o|^ p^rty HbeU of thefc vea, 
moiijy w>Kt,W tinder; Bi'diop Baiicroftt eye.' See CofljFtf 
,ihi^, t st^odd blash Wtiam thtin »t tbt dffttnct of t#t 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

l^«e icbe «9f)4MA <^ Q«r mtboliP effigy 19 
th9 day I Qf£li£ib4th «it^ 4Mt«ffbf madern 

£irc«ii»fi9i)c«s of ttwr f^^^f^wc Ji{\»mM 

liOBdF^fl.year^, if A flight lci«))r4»dge iif Aew ww fM>t 
r^quifi^, ;o give (be ro«i^er » juflt idfa gf c^9 vi^lpi^ of 
Mt. Betingioof evidence. Th^ iif j«r/^/ Cf eyf^^fMef 1 1 
which b^ r^f tedly cites , 13 » iW9g?zio* ff Wly #n4 
ps^monf veAUd agfiipft the JefuH^^ tb« Dp. All^p, Si^n* 
<^s ; 3wtetop, 4tc. ibe »aKyx5 finfj^r /me^ EJ^^Nfh^ 
Ui«. fefttiimicf , %h^ Jircbprie^ , upd" wJjfiWiV (¥a| 
ircQpeftable ^nw?:?g KPsU«b ciicboUci. • Tbp UMp (?f. thg 

book i« •* l9ff(^mnf fi$fifi4crflii9ps to mQ^$ sfi $fH€ f^^ 

p» ttoigk^f that (ift ttpt f^l^liy, i^fiiiUfl-9 J9, .^ffifl^fPt^U 

^ all tks^fwed^^^ 4/ tj^ejm of Rh^ ^f^gHnU PAw 

It tholykis^ t6 bavi bun mi^lf 4Ptf mitrffful. «« Tiip Attcborf 

cnaa^c che catholics aof ^ feo^ (bfir «}9il#fP PT ffifod^ 

xo tbeCraiiiHines , « Tl}^ fo^ l^hey (Alien 90^ F^rfois) 

pay he drivoo , if oe^^ itcy ,wili w^y^c mp y wA^ ^ 

» mke.tbem trayt^rs^ to g^h^r ^en.iip i# %(ber <»pi|r 

M aiet m p. 40* "* We doQ 4if4ai^» thty fty, ii«4 

I. renoanot &om our haf^ bocb ar^bprieft aM J^^te^^ 

IP aa amiK craytori •» j?. i$* ^ PifipheOievi -«^ ai:^ 

IP to %h$ archpd^t ^t an yior^..,«.*.' OifiMiei^ 

^ we ar« 19 the i§i\\f ^ aU Jm» jpftwnefHii} M&«c;4 

^aatb9?iuea.,.M. Nty«f ahgU {be cachoiyj^i; ^bl^h 

u of EogHipd fiipd fo wifM f Pft«» i# 9 (^^f » » 

n Sluckwell ,» p. 19. la (^ epiftlf bffoiff. tbe 4«<lt^- 

lijw/ C99ffi^4ti^. ibe J|r/Qbp«f/l •• it f WJ^y 4m^PJl^ 

m after the Jefiiita pipe j a jefiiici^ Idol wichpuc i»th 

V a 

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prefencfed eonmott fbamres of fltniUtn^e^ I 
would not be thought' to compare Aeir tef- 
-{>e£tiye perfeeutors; for I know j that At 
Otttragefs of^e mondera Jiicobim againfl God, 
nature 9 religion , humanity , aad even man^ 

i» fcience bt codotnon hoiieftie •» la the F»/»/rM c/, && 
9» Bhiclrvrell rs an arcbprfefl of clouts , funbarbt witk 
m jefiUirme ) a beggar on hoHef>ack. «» ** Speak truly 
t» laaa^ It they fay to him, ^ fbr m a right good feaft 
M we are your good maftert. n *^' The fbciety of Jefba 
M is the fociety of' the deVil and the fchoble of aa* 
m chi^velUfise. m Ibidi p. 4a. ** The Jefoies are prood 
M Nettirods , boKltroiis humetv , cozeftiog ^ompantoos » 
imp. 9onfid. fp. p. 4. ^ They hold no dodrhie catholyke, 
«, that Cometh not from tfaeinfelYet • . . . . and vhich n 

m wotft, they have beaten it into the beada of aioftt 
it that tbe'maflb It ttoc rfghtly celebrated of any, hac 
Mofajefuitn Rel, f^rag, i.,p 69. «• No JeWt trate^ 
9t eth ftom one place to another, bathe is fichly appi- 
t, relied, and attended oil with a'trayn-of fervants^^if 
»» 4io were an earl or a baron n Ibid, par, t.^-ncy 
Ihfnk !» their coAfeienees ^ «<- that t^e Jefoites hate bya 
n <he verle caofes of all the calamities enfiied in Englini 
if &nc^ h^ nfajefties feigne, ...... and the moft bloody 

f, attenpUof 15 W( the armada) will be an ereriaffiog 
H flionunkeUt of jefaitkal treafon and croehy. n 1^ 
fnftd: pp. ii4* *5- Here to )>rove their own patrlotifBi 
they grow eloquent and i>roteft, •« tbat never shall any 
I* royal ladie of the cdnYt^ maid -of' honour, or daaiM 
ft of rare afpe6k, be led away to be wyres orconcnbyaei la 
It bafe yyllaines, fwaggering, nus-shaptn fwaddes, (the 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( nr ) 

Aoo^,;faf exeod the accunnilaied crimes: of 
all preceding ages : and 5ret.1t is w)w an'hifi* 
toric truths that the 'execdtion- of Elifabeths 
pensi laws, Wo hundred yews^iijg^o , was coi& 
iidered, in ^all xMCbolic counifiesvas the moft 
tun^iglueou^'plrfectition, that had beenfuftoitf^ 
^d fioce the early ages of* the ^church* 1 
oi>iy wish 10 infer , that thofe i who would 
iDor redpoll die French clergy traitors, if they 
ixuploredforeign affifiance to rci^infiate thetat 
felves in xbeir eights., will not .be very for^ 
ward to iUgthatjze the catholics under . the 
reign ' of ^ Bftiabeifa as oiacchiaveHiaii ^ebds^ 
becaiife', galled with pcrfisoution^ they follici<» 
tod the help of foreign powers t^> prepare a 
better reigta,: and to re-eftablish that religion » 
which they re^rded as the firft and the moft 
jprecious pf their dghts* If they bad attemp-* 

99 Spaniards) and never sh*! theTdrtiylltonbUish of English 
M vlrg]o« , jtbe tw^omaolie look^ ofm^iried ^y?es, or tht , 
It ancient copQCefviope of i|nie wijdpw within t\^t ifle of 
«i Albion , b^ made common to tl^e abortives of the hojc 

M Spanisb ciim^') '&c. ^ IM. p. sd. tec. &c.'&c • " 

A corioos : aciroanc of maity of tbefe intemperate libeli 
a^d of tbek autb^r^ Aay he fou^ in an anciept bopk* 
entitled a Mgwlfiflathn , of the g^cai foliy and tad/pirit <tf 
Urta^fn^ in MnfUtttdf &c. By Priefies living in obedienqe. 
SuperiorBm permiflii i6c2. 

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ted tot&a it fefiiiftiirhidg iim pnUk pnee; 
by coofi^fadet, nBaffioaiiMf and imafiooi 
if they had ever bcoached the iklft maxtiM 
on Ginl oDfgfMce^ vhieh tb^ rf?sl«r 
Mr. Beriogton bae proMmmcd; tbfQ indeed 
I woald tteodon their cauje^ But «f all thie 
there j« not a iveftige of evi^Mce \ they did npi 
even upbraid thek father9 w puJlUanim^iis atui 
impoliiic^ m fi^wg ikt fpuWBU. ^^rmg 9f 
Mienry to mmmi tke Bti^sh thnoHf they were 
patieat and dui^I , they were meek and ge* 
mroos under the ievereft preffiifcest and as 
I Ihiok that many of their virtttes ftSU liihfift 
in their defcendaote^ it grie^ea ipy heart t« 
fee our reQ)e£led predeceflbrs re^roachad 
with difei&jtiito to Ibeir ^puonry by a oaot 
i^ha pwes bis ippunity t» die nnkinefi «f 
tbofe who goTc^ajt, aodwhoba^piscooiftd 
the caufe of trench rebels as grMt and noble. 

I have dwielt longer than I iotenckd upoo 
this point ^ . which the reader may pertiape 
fcarcely think deferviog of fo much attendon. 
I will repair the fajult, and 1 will fay notbinj; 
of the gro6 infults , jwhich Mr* Berington 
pours out upon Paul V, in eoafequence of 
the' execution ofpriefts under James t(*) 

<♦) Urn. p. 86. 

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( 159 ) 

I pafs by the oath propofed by this priace i 

for CO correal the partiality of Mr. BeringcoM 

ftacement of that matter ^ would oblige me to 

repeat what is koowo to every readen It 

fuffices to obferve^ that far the greater part 

of the clergy and laity t with the learned 

jDr. KelHfoo the reformer of tJie college at 

t>duay 9 C) refufed it, as infidlous, captious 

mnd unlawful « and thai they were convinced, 

jthftC James and his minifters did not mean to 

favour catholics , as long as they should adhere 

CO their religion. The number of clergymen, 

who died for their prieftly chancer during 

hia reign, will for ever prove the intolerance 

of that tiieological mOmreh ; and if hopes of 

pardon for the crime of prieilhood were held 

out fo fome, on condition of taking the oath, 

it was but an infult upon diftrefs, when it 

was known, that diey believed it to be ua-^ 

lawful* ia) 

-■— -• — — ^'^ ' — '- — ■ — ^- —•■ .^^ -' ■ ■ ' 

(«) the leined CirdiMl BeiitltogU« Miirtrt bb' 
•(ution of Che policy of cbe EaglUh goTerafaenc io hh JUf 
Uii$0i diUeFiMkdf$f prkKed at Cologo %6ycr. p. #i5/fto« 
which tbefolloWiDgenrtiftis traDflitcd. •* Thej emptoytlif 
M arts of fraud; nor do they left trvft in theft inMooa 
m Weapons, thaoio tbofe^ with Whicli they ttake open War 
n againft the cmhofio cpaf^. .TheA .firiodi ^ liEMfiS Ut^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( i6o) 

tn this corioos part ^ Mn Beriogtoui 
tntfodttSion, Kabett Parfoos, th^ aUmmUf of 

^ bten oied io maoy ways ; but efpeciilly io the mesits « 
« Which hare been employed co fbraencthe diflerencec, 
^ which ) for fome tine paft , have begun to appear 
m becweett the fecula^, and regular clergy , and in (he ib- 
^ fencion of die new oach 9 called tb$ ^atb of aUggiamt$* 
Proper remedies have been applied co ftifle the former t 
h. but Che hurtful eifeas of the latter ftill ftfbfift. Im 
^ concriving chis new i;iachineagainft che cachoiic reiigioB 9 
i» che authors of it had principally cwo things in TieW. 
,, One was , to furnish the king an opportunity of pro^ 
^ ceeding with an increafe of rigour agaiaft the perfoaa 
i, and property of c&tholics; it being eafily fbreleeo tb^c 
#t many tf them would refulb an ooch , in which Hered*> 
M c4l cerms were nfed xo deny ail authpricy of che Roman 
poncifit under whatfoevet interprtcacioa and form, in 
f» temporal affairs of princes* 'the other object was to 
^ give occafion co new contefts among the' catholic der^; 
9 it beiiig held for cercain , chac many of ch^m , either 
^ chroogh dread of punishmenc ^ or t^dit^ in religion » 
I, would be induced to fwallow che oach , and c# advift 
ii others co imicate their example. They were noc de^ 
p» teived in che firft of chele obje^; for many cacholics 
9 from chat time to che prefenc year, have been diHreflbd 
«k wich fmprilbmneiit flttd ' coiififciilcidn of prope^^ for 
H . having confiancly refbled the oach ; and others are ev^ 
n day^ jpun|shedon the fame account. In their fecond 
i» view they have aUb had fodie Iticcefs; for fome priefts 
f, and fome religions have admitted cheir oach^ and 
H devitcing ftiU more from che rtgbt pach , they have 
n todeftToafiid. ta maimaiai that it is not repogn^Qt co 

the . 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

tkt Mngtish cdihdlics^ dies, (^) and ii& (ijitvU 
vtng brethren garbed in his mantle y- (t) ^H 
on daring}] the etod ofthe chapter, thongb^ 
U would feem^ with led Ibccefs, than .while 
that IVIachiavellian guided their ileps iif the 
^aths of prevaHcatioh. Hitherto we^ hav« 
tead. ttiuch of th& uoaninious^ bnt<all¥ay8 
fruitlefs effiurts of ibe eatholic clergy^;,. to. rid 
tliemfdves of the ndiouS' tyranny, ef thef^ 
,}efuSts, and we are now afli)red<i that by this 
time , ^k it was kanUy pqffibh to ,break doitfi^ the- 
v» afcendedcy, whkh' they had gainc!d.X$) 
And why 1 The ireafoo: otade me ftart « Be- 
it caufe a large pottiom d£ the clergy, was at«: 

V catholic ifaich. Boc thk notabet of thefe pticfts , fs Vefy 
^libii^Uf aid they ate befidet j obe loft ml6iii , imd 4rb^ 
ii le^ff, valued fot learning ,m4 tinqci AjU i^h^.if ft of the 
h clezgjr have ahewn the gvoateft fteadhiffa Jii( of^pofiag 
^ the oath) and the fame maft bt,faid of jiU the tegoJars 
li ID' getieril. Many of eath (Sercripcion'^'Vobt^mtiiog a 
^ ^hatirand dabgleM and ^eo: death, itfelf , bav% pii{>Hbty 
^ confuted It With gteac ftrength of |eaQiitK.$94 4aJ^|:f-^ 
te t>idit7 of mind ; and thej have thereby . acqnired^ 
irfiqriilar:mttit With the Wbe^ «fafqr<h.,;iinit Mi^ flis^ 
^ vaoeratioa among; the .catholic ^ tl^t l^sf^'^?^ !^ ! 

..(♦) /Jli. f . 83. ^ 

(t) tM.f.Bft. y .^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( %&1 ) 

3i^:tacBed:tddieir fbpiet5i. /9 (^t^ The iiDpofll- 
bility however is effidtedi under Mr Beriog- 
tons omgic p^, within the fpace-. of a Jbr 
pages', where we find- the whole power of 
the-Jefims cronibled to.^tocns by two arcb* 
priefls r the college of Douay purged of dieir 
io^rofion, the hierarchy exalted, theepifcopot 
cliarader\i which they hat^^ revived in En^ 
gland m ffrite iS their endeavours., in the 
perfoqs of their greateflr opponents; and to 
comptetctthe ntooder^ w^ are inforoied^ that 
^ tberjefoits fliU (ioifefledftiKir ufQal influence 
»* HI the court of'^Rptae* i^^Ct^) .Htvpogt p^^ 
snifedio fa^short» 1 bfifeecbut^ f^hk %>eGkiie» 
of thisdivjfion of. Mr. fieringtons^ioAi^^tt^MMi , 
lyhichfi^lf.nipre^th^n fpny p^ggf i ^pdfd^ 
should, think it = i(ifii(6€9f At 4 will probably 
have patienc^'enougb tocread^the origimJ^ to 
whiclt ?* willingly rtftnt Mm.' If hc'can pa* 
tWpt|y,',a,tf e^nd^ine. tKi;^^ ^pqthf^ p^lijgpph, 

t^. h^0;0f;t)TQ/i;^ftM9.G^ 10 

perfba shall appeaiw 

-In fpeak!ifl¥;«ortiieappellaotfV^ba9ehidicft<^ 
coniMtfted ^hem as ti p^rty ; befcauft in &St 

(t) tbid, p. 9«. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

they ittere orlgkiiMy tAtt 'fciar^ Vieaffd'iifSir 

dHcft web cntamiy -httiptoftd bjr th6 'iftl- 

nifiry, wboik ^en vkfsSk \nts to ^tttto^itk 

Mfhole ditiioKe intei^ft-v tMseiuft tWy «kfertM 

the utnoft inifcftry to umttipiy tt^ir 1Mh\^ 

rents, ana Snaliy igrecanife tfacy 6peMy'^i!(iipofed 

that latttbortty , which in' th«fr dkoft^ ^i^ 

»klovrtd oil ^jBry fidle> r<>' be fbpiftiflfe. ' 'tWb 

'was'thR! wni part of theh- «iiufe> Mti^fii^ 

4eiidtev«ured >«nth «udil afdidreft to d$i|;u1ft% 

hj chat ofoal expedi«ht>ii»f pQttiiel^'v«li«toAft 

complaints of (kctet ttud nti'ifli inikiMibe : flfIR 

£bce their Jottdieft 'crie»' wefft Vbaic^ dgWflll 

the JeTuitsv k night be I^irto aUoW -tb i/tSSfk 

latter , 9i leafi the inik of haVitig (UpplATt^fl 

agaioil Uiein , what was then t^ Jawftoli^ 

confittu'ted -. aiktbority/ Jf Mr. Bithbp i, -Dt, 

Chadaiphey and Mr. Smith were not ofWi 

their lift , l<would have liaUbd tfcetn a BtSAtm\ 

a cabal. - Theft Bben#^ poHefled oFoierit 

far thtir affiidat^si bbt whawtft 

aUowaaceb mAy be daim^d Sot thel Upvighkiietb 

of their intentions , Uiere can be no dbuist 

that they \lrere warped by-ttai general. pirij» 

diceb of their party, and deoeiVed by the dai- 

niftry, by whom they Vainly flattered them*- 

feWei .ilMt- they we^e foppott^d. i%hdps 

even the conduit pf the two , who were aftev* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

yijitjir pronmiei to the miire, may Usem u 
fpfxie maoner to excufe the nproaches, wkidi 
Jmdjb^en fi> often. urg^lagaiDfi them by their 
joppooeots. It was imagitied that tiiey wen 
foured by difappoiiitoieiH , in having beea 
overlookisd in the ' nomination of the twehre 
afl^9Dj;3.»}lott€d to the archprteft, and chef 
'^4' be^n repeatedly charged, with ambition. 
This iiQpgtatioo indeed may poffibly bare 
been ill-grounded ( but when they declared 
an qpj^n/Oppoiition totfae eftablisbed govero- 
^nent of the archprieft , in which their brethrea 
BOqui^fced) it was natural to fiifpefl the work^ 
4pgs of (ecret pafllon:, difgiiifed under, die 
uAial pretext of gen^eral good. At .length 
however they^ fucceeded throjugfa die credk 
of i Cardinal . Bandini, vi(ha either wished to 
couf t lumg Jamies;, or :did not mifiruft his re* 
cotiHniendation;^ Mt.Bishop was complineated 
with: the tnitre, • and by the firft exercife of 
his p&t^t^ he ioilituted a chapter.^ lam very 
jar ftom fufpe^ag^bim of perfooal ambidoa 
jor intrigue to proci)re diis promotion. I ref^ 
f^Gk his well know^ ztii ^ his labours aod 
ilifferibgs in the caofe crf^ .religion, and I bavc 
no pr^tenfion to Mr.; Beringtbns taleot of 
infpl^ing the human heart. I can judge of 
men only b^ their actions , and it appears to 

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'(165) . . 

«ie, that the fitii: deed » in which Mr. Visho^ 
dtfplayed his authority, was not marked with 
prudence -and difcretioo. It is not now ih 
queflion , wliether he ought or ought not to 
have been an ordinary diocefan Bishop. The 
fa£l is, and Mr. Berington owns it, he held 
only a delegated cpmmiffion, and was ih 
truth, onl3r an apoftolical vicar. Now if wfe 
should enquire of canonifts, I truft they would 
decide, that a prelate in fuch a predicament 
has not tbepoi)/er of creating a canonical chap- 
ter, which , in the wife difcipliae of the ca^ 
tholic^chui^ch, is a concomitant, a cerrefaT* 
tiye to a diocefiin Bishop, and by the canons 
of Trent, enjoys ordinary jurifdiftion , during 
jtbe vacancy of thefpe. Mr. Bishop could 
have no. authority , but that which was fp^- 
cified in his bulls : he had that of appointing 
grand vi[icarsrand a0]{lant$ ^ but the power t6 
cre£l a chapter was not named. It appears, 
by Mr. Beringtons account, (*) that he had 
ferious dbubts of the legality of the meafure 
which be ventured to adopt ; and fince he wai 
mot ignorant 4 that the validity offacrament^ 
to be admimiiered under the faculties of this 
chapter , after his deceafe , nluft depend upon 

(•)lft*r. p..ie4. ; ' 

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/the TftlUKly ^f id own tefiHmioii v I' tlmdb 
J am juftified, in ^fiiwUfyiqg bU firft eiettkm 
,of authority as Mifcreet. Bat it wis ibon 
teraiiiiated by bb 4eaib. 

If it beaalcedv, vby be was oot^ftaUidied 
prdinzry of Ei^^od, there ceradoly were 
-other motivisa for tfns econooiy ^ ^ao tbfe 
xidkruloos ittuAnQce of the Pope to pan with 
j>ow€r « or the defire of graiafyiDg intrigOB^ 
JkfuitS) whiqh.are the beft tbat Mr. Beriogroii 
jcan difcover. I have feeo ancient records « 
which aver »<bat the Popes couaftUors thoogbt 
|t a dangerous expedient to create a new epi^ 
copal fee in a country, the very foil of whick 
no prieA could tread , wittout incorriog t&e 
guilt of death. It might ealUy have been 
deemed, by the prefent or any Aiture admiaif' 
tration, a darihg infult upon the king and 
the laws , and might as eafily have brought 
double vengeance upon the prelates head; 
and it did not fuit the prudence of the Romaa 
councils to afi&ont a nation, whic^ the Pdpe 
always hoped to re^unite to the body of the 
church. New qiifcopal fees are not hafiily 
ere£ted , nor without much previous delibtra* 
tion. It is not in the ufual prance of the 
church to . eilablish them ^ uoleft where the 

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regulsr clifi}iptifie^onne£l€d>ith them can be 
ob(erv£d4 where the Bishops eharadet md 
dignity will' bej acknowledged and refpedled, 
and even fiippoVted by the civil power; Where* 
he can have hia courts, his* resident chapter, 
bi* trbttfch, his |)arish priefts-, and even hir 
menfft. To depute into England' a private 
BUIiops titular. of a diftanttfaureM, had beenr 
thought, for many years, a meafure of ha- 
zard; but. fiifU to approach, as nearly ai 
liiigHt'be, to the regular difcipline of tbe^ 
church) this was granted^ asrfoon as the po* 
I(tical interefls of tbeklnff gjave.roo(n to th^nk: 
that it wo^ld b^e tolerated i ai^dl by atllrokeoC 
p^oUcy , which liknow not how. to jidmire, ia 
Ko{^s ,of filencing all ftrife afnopg^the catha^ 
lies], the. Pope ctpfe the two, firft Bishojpj^ 
from among the men, who had. created it^ 
and 'rtrho evidently had ilrove to draw all 
power into their own hands.' Kome knew 
that the reft would fubmit to them without 
repining, and with reafon hoped, that they 
would make a prucjent iif^^oiw^eir authority. 
Rome had little reafon to be fatisfied with the 
firft exertion of it by Mr. Bishop, and we 
•hall foon fee , whether his friend and fucceffor 
was more difcreet. I end this Part with ob- 
fer^mg^that the Pope would have hard duty 

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to perform 9 if I^ were boiuid to content 
Mr. Beringtoo. When he fends priefts into 
England , Mr* Berington complaint. Wbea 
he declines to fend Bishops , IVlr. Beringioa 
redoubles bis complaints. When will the 
man be fatisfiedl 1 could guefs. Bat Lol 
the fcene shifts , and — Enter the much ex- 

Je^d G&SG0S.I0 Panzani Juxis utriu^ne 

Come forth) thou precious fouadliog^, thoa 
<^ild of dirt ; come forward tp be Uripped 
of the patchwork of folly and malevolence^ 
in which thy fond fbfter-father hath garbed 
thee. We Wiir teai' ofiF thy 30umed mafqbc* 
rade, we will view fhy naked shapes^ and if 
we detect thy impoflure. We will fend ibee 
fcourged and hpWIing to hide thy shamelefs 
lace beneath the dull 5 from which thou hatf 
dared to eotierge. 



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•( 169 ) 


o ff r B E 


in dramatic compofiticms, ibe prtodpadichii- 

MAermuft always be ^inphatioaUyannoiipced, 

and aaexpeQatton of him ras&d in tbe;aii' 

dienoe^. before he :b6 brought forwaid tipon 

the fiage^ He generally appears in the^iioft 

-4^ 4^ry rarely does be o^ixbold him&lfaiil 

-ih^ ieCjQnd; ,aRd in .9II ;draipatic biAery, I 

believe there is ^but.a fibgle ija&astM^mhnxt 

'be ddkiys ^» ^ppearaooe fio the third. This 

is in a play , which Mr. Heiiogtoo siofif^piiore 


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tljat I have ftudied , the Tariuffe of Moliere; 
and critics excute this bold irregalarity of a 
great genius ^ on account of the 'uncommoa 
importance and ' fplendor of the chara&er, 
. which will thus faife Ilronger emotions ^ in 
proportion as it has been more announced and 
, more eagerly expeOed. By a fimilar firoke 
of theatrical maniagenlent, in Mr. Beriogtons 
piece, our long expefted hero Signor Panzani 
is at length produced in the third zQt to the 
impatient reader, thoroughly prepared tore- 
. ceive**him by a laboured Preface of thirty five 
pages , and an IntraduBzon of an hundred and 
eleven , comprehending aliiiofi a century of 
. clifll'piy ; not^ to mention a lift of. feven Er- 
rata (a) and feven pages of Contents^ which 
may ferve as a play-bill to the whole. Happy 
^ is iMr. Berington in the introdu&iob of his 
-j|ierf(tuiages , as well as in writing //z/ro^oJioAi 
rio his hifiories; (6) but we muft now exa* 
-^ mine, if iii fupportiog his chara£ters$ he has 
• a9«nded to the i^difpenfable . precept of the 
"critic, . . 


(i^) Strange, that Mr. Betingron covM find no 
- IhMi^'Te^tn niftates . in . tht whole work ! 

i(;^)^ the firftfftnt^nce of his MnshiMhrn to dt 
ZiffyfJttnrp N. ttbove p. 5^. / J / , 

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e *r5 ) 

' .SI quid intxp'tnum fttndi cothmhtis i & audes 
' Perfonam fbrmare novam^ ; firvtiut ad tikum 
Qualis fl* Ihctpto proctjfcrlt ^^& fibi confteiJ m 
HojL.* dc An;. Poec. 129. 

Tbe. traces^ of poetic truth. ^nd coni^^encyv 
can never here be allowed to be evar^fieiu;^.^ 
and Cicero remarks, i}^2ix, inentnmo a3u cpff 
iruijfey is tbe uttermofi diigrace of a playfu*.,^ 
and I may add, of a maker of plays. Great^ 
things indeed have been promifed frpm. Pai^;^ 
zani, but 

Quid dlgnum tanto fcrtt hlc promijfor hiatu t ' 

The mountain has b^en long in trav.«IU \mb 

is it a man , or is it a mou(^ that comes forth 1) 

I declare it without he&ationv the mis-shapen i 

iil'cooditioneil , furly thing is a baHard , \i an 

impoflor. To be ferious ; we had been long 

aflured., that we should fee the memoirs of 

Panzani;.9oii.when we have gone through a 

hundred and forty "fix preparatory pages, we 

do not find the memoirs of Panzani ; we find 

nothing but: Mr. ^eringtons comments, 

Mr. Beringtons cullings from the ;fu|>po(ed 

memoirs of Panzani; and why not t^ven^ 

(for I would not injure the merit of his Ute-r 

rary excrefcencies ) JV^r. Beringtons ad4i- 

Y 2 

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ticRS^ to the {bppofed memoirs of P^msaiRl 
IVIn Dodd) we are told, inteoded to pttbtish 
tbe& memoirs under the dtte <£\ Memoirs of 
fecr^ry Windehnk; (•') that is; Mr. Dodd 
intended to impofe upon the public ; and I 
reafonably prefume, that Mr. Beridg^totf has 
attempted , undler another tttfe , id ' execute 
Mr. Dodds plan. If Dodd' knew » that Pati- 
xani had written m^mo'nrs ; if he pbfieHecf 
thefe' memoirs^; what morive coutd inciine* Wttr 
to alter the name of ihe author 1' Tlreprindpaf 
bufinefs of thefe memoirs, and (he ^i ic ip rf 
motive fox publi^hiQg. tHem , certainl]^ was^to 
difcredit the Jefuits^ and for this porpafe, 
the aame of a papal agent woaki ba¥& beeo 
lDdre'>fiicacU)us, than the naiQe oF anijr pKi* 
tef^ot nunifter of ilate. But Dodd uodoub* 
tedly faw, that by aflaming the oatfie ef 
Windebaftk ^ h» would be bound w' ff^ 
§&m^ account, how he fa^d obtained Willd^ 
bauks papers, nay evea lo producer thei» td 
^ curious inquirer. Such a produfiiod 
would have betrayed the forgirpy , and a t^ 
fuftlto produce tfee MSS would ftav^ db- 
blished the fufplcioit of its cxlftcucd Dodd 
ifcen yery prtidently renounced the Witidebwll 
-'■-■'' ' i j ' " ^ "i ' ' — "^ 

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tshemt^ if after dl ^ it be . liotr a. fiAi(i» oi 

lyir. Besiogton cfaat he evec projt&ai itk 

Rut why dhauld be hefitate to^ publish dio 

memoirs under the real name jof die author^ 

Heafons o^ ilate were perfe&ly ouft ofitfte 

qpefiion in the days of Dodd, who hftA.puH 

bli^bed fe many.odier fmpersaod Irecocdft^ 

which the Aiae pretended delicacy mnift equaHjp 

kave wiUMldi. Without aoy danger tathiaL 

memory fl£ Charles I, he ought have pu^ 

\:>iiehed tbeJife and mffacles oF Panxam at 

Qiarifig. Crofs;.aiid. the pcodoAiotf of this; 

inans real menoira would ha;«e gratified his; 

ruling paflioik , which , it wjlL hardly be. xfitf* 

xiied y was a .violent hatred, of the Jefuitsi 

'WhoMer. has <een, his StiM poltey ofi the Em 

giisi/citi^ gfje/us^,. (a) wiUeafily heUevc^ 

that he would not have fmothered Papftdtii a 

if Passant cpaU effe£lually have foirouredhiji 

. pian« I do not find thai PaozBol is alMged 

X^y Thi'feerit policy ^ lays Mr. Bcriiigton , JW#«f. p. 399. 
is a work **-wi^ttMrwith cocnroch incriiironjr, bot which 
^ cootaia* ximA^ h I auribuca it. to Dod^^ (chougk 
{ cannot peKhapi jipridiiQally' proy^ k> htcaofe during hi^ 
U& it wa& Dniverfidly afaibed to hiia; he neither could 
nor cbned to ^ifiMToxr it; a|)d- fines his 4«b)i, no perToa 
has ever doubted , that he w«^ the M^boc 9f it It wu 
printed by Morphew 1715. 

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shore ootee in that work^ in ^srhicfi furetybe 
might have madb a confpicuous figure^ and I 
conclude, wicfa more than prol^abiiity of 
troth, that fince Dodd, by his owo (*)aDd 
M; Beriogtons coofeffion , did not public tbf 
memdirs of Paozani , he either poiTelTed tbem 
not, or he had no proof that they were ori* 
ginal , x^r even faithfully colleded from 
Paozonis'^ietters and papers ^ and that Dodd 
himfelf was* too confcientious or too cautious 
a man , to gratify even his ftroog reSsmmeau^ 
at the risk of bdog detected ia an impofture. 
Such were my fiirft remarks, on readiag 
Mr. Beriogton ; and though, be tells os, 
without any warrant. whatever, that the ID^ 
moirs, which he publishes, are 4UitAeniic;{i) 
yet with our prefect knowledge x>f his cba- 
ra£ler, as a churchman and a writer, wean 
furely authorifed to demand fomc proof bejood 
the ««7#« ?f-. If he now has , either 'origii^al 
memoirs of Paoi^ani , or authentic copies oi 
them, why has he not rather published 
them , than his own commeats. apon them * 
Mr. Dodd, it fcems, had already i^^ ^ 
liberty to open the jfyie ; (§) they have fioce 

am I I I.I I I I I II 4 t «—*—** 

(*) Cbufcb Hift. of Eng. ^oL m. P. VI. P- 7^» 
• (t) i*'</- to Msm. p. tj.' 
($) Mem, p. 358. 

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( i7S ) 
Ig^sdTed tfarougb the haods cf.Mr. Ber^cgtdo; 
aad I a{}peal to my reader « if I have not good 
reafon to fufpe£l, on fecure grounds, fome 
myftery, fome jagglhig, fome^ trick in this 
dirty bufinefs, which may yet be brought to 
light. In order to clear it/ 1 invite Mr. Ber- 
jngton, for the fake of bis own and Dodds 
hoAour, if he values either, to depofite \As 
. oMuhemic numoirs of Pmn^aai in the hands of 
fome impartial perfon^ where* they may un- 
dergo the fcrutiny and criticifm of the* ca* 
. rious; and fince old papers have a peculiar 
zeft for antiquarians , be may prefume that 
hia friend the* F. A. S. of Wimoo, will , have 
a peep at them* We: /may then perhaps 
give him full credit, and ceafe to fufpe^, 
. that his memoirs are either forged , or.cunail- 
ed , or lengthened , or otherwife garbled aiid 
altered. But untill this be doae^ I 
allowed to retain m;^ convi£Uon , that the 
Signor Donor Gregorio of Mr. Beringcon is 
no other than an Italian mountebank , And ^as 
fucb^ I will ftrip him of his falfe garb, I will 
. riib his unblushing fronr, apd I wiU hi& him, 
together with his fpouters and his f uiG&rs. 9 
off the ftage* ^ 

^h% real Paitzani , ^ priefl of the oratory 

digitized by Google 

( t?6 ) 
it |t0iii£ii mi j^>U. D. vftBS a dopendhot ]d( 
Catdinal Ba^beiini , and was fern by cm- 
SDifliou of Urban VHI to refide in the coott 
cf tikniiietta Queen of Cbvrlesjl^ with infirac^ 
4io05:Co ifQprove all oppoctuoitids of adyaorii^ 
the hfter^ rcif ^catholic teligton in Eogbod) 
so ^omoie conccird ambog Ae MmSoatrj 
priells;, «Dd ito ^nake repocts co Rooie. {^) 
,Uow 1 maintain, that either this ^man was a 
fWry unfair and partial ncgociator, quite !»* 
. deferving of credit ; or that ludrmefnoirs BSti 
forgery ; or^thtt Mr. fierington Hm «afi*rfi 
cintailcd and tdtered ^he«. Oaring bis refr 
dence in London^ M imfiortamllirpme wu 
alive between the fecular and mgnlar ckrifi 
chiefly occafloned by the ronddEl , :aad is I 
think, the imprudent coitdu& rf ^^ 
Smith. It is not poffifale^ that a prudert wj 
impartial negociator, in wsitiug meiaoirs ^f 
fiich a caufe , should ftil to ftaie ahe ^fflw^ 
of the dilputc, the fafts, ^hich bidiprodoced 
it,;a*d the oppofice reafons of dwroottfodiij 
|iarties ; and in his reports to Home ♦ sbauM 
faiirariably t«ift the ;Whote bkime on ooe W«* 

(#) Dodd wrongly calls him t Lig^its. Sec. ^ P/'r 
He was n«t «fen-a «if«sil#. He w:asr«ift(s{| f if** 

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fttni tren tm that fide^ which. In the wd; 

^Itas certainly the tDofi: favoored ia the dedfioa 

of the holy fee. Mr. Beringtons Pansanl 

does all this , even with the mofl tbdogfatlefii 

partiality. Oo every occafion , whhoot airf 

proof, he repfefems the Jefuits of the age^ 

OS falfe , oopriiHiipIed men , hoftile co Bishopry 

uorefirained by c^nfcienoe iii the purfoit of 

Iheit oWn ime^eft, and obSinaie enemies ti£ 

peace, union alid concord. Atlr this ^shns 

no proof to win Mt. Beringtons eafy aflcaf ^ 

but the real Paoaani had held a corrdpon4 

dence With Richard Blotid or Bit^nt, cliie£ 

Tuperior of 'the Jefuiu, preferved by Hemrf 

More (*), and in par< by Doddy (t> ttrhi^i^ 

proves that fbch cooid ttn be the falttidiientA 

or reports of iHinaaoM 'ted forihei* ^bem^ 

that the fiateaient of Blonds conditd^^ whicht 

Mr. Berington atttU>iites to bia», js Utterly . 

£ilfe. For when Blond firft underfiood i thaCi 

he was blamed as unwilling to leroM 

of concord with the clergy, he ppbli$he4 ai 

Xkclaraiwi , of wbicfa be fent a copy lo Paa> 

aani^ acconapamed by an iiaporMtit letter, 

(•) tlifi. Ptw. ^g. p. 4foia. 
(t> Churoi mfi. Vol. m, F. VI. p. jjf »35. «ii 
dptiaail^lk. IS3- 


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( ^?» ) 

coated b.y More, but which Dodd ins not 

if^«rted in bis records* and it was foliowtd 

by others , which: may be (een both in Iliktc 

add ict Dodd. Thefe letters of BIdnd prow 

the ijnpofture of the Beringtontao Paosnii 

ijirbich muft appear to every impartial mas, 

who will read. them. For they are ftnw?. 

{Peremptory and categorical ; they roundij 

affert fe6b, which, if admitted as true, a* 

tradifiorily prove the Beririgtoniaa Panaoi 

reVation to be a mere fi£\ion. Now unltfi 

Bloqd were at once a knave and a fool, te 

coiild not poffibly 'affert glaring falfehood* a 

the: fece of Paoeani. and of the 'clergyinw. 

Who forrounded him, the immediate deteOiiio 

0f which was cinavxNdable , and rouft !"♦* 

covered hiiia with shame and confufioo. But 

kis letters were never controverted ,• the 6® 

wbkh he fo peremptorily alltdges , were nwa 

denied i and indeed the high tbarafter vbkh 

Blttod always bote, efptfcially for pru(i««. 

both whrte'he Was a fecufcif prieft, aod aftef 

his^mra^e «mong the Jefaits, ««*"?" Jj 

from the febl imputation, either 6f falfelio<J» 

or of folly. He then wrote truth taFWsao"'' 

and therefore , unlejTs Panzaui bimfctf ^*^' 

l^i^ve, he never wfo^i th6, accouirt, ^' 

Mr. Berington gives us from bis dtpP^' 

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fnetnoirs. But ihtftogh Panzahi Wsfiot an 
impartial man , I will not yet accCife him i( 
deliberate wickednefsi and of couffKi ^it'imift 
be coacluded, that his memoirs are fbrged'^ 
though Mr. Berington wanted the fmall share 
of critical acuiifen, lieceflary to niake the 
difcovery. The letters of Blond are -of little 
confequence at the prcfent day ^ and I have 
mentioned them, merely to difprove the au- 
thenticity of Panzanis memoirs, though Mace 
has preferyed them in his hiflory of the £n- 
jglish province, tor another reafon,, He;in^ 
ferted them, he fays , to fecure in future days 
the reputation of the religious fociety,* to 
whicb'he belonged. For as if he then -foteftw 
the zealous labours of Mf/ Berington iolsiift 
even its pofihumous f&toey at'* the end' oftHe 
eighteenth century i he fays that inen will 
bever be wanting, who irritatied with the 
pruriency of defamation, will rake togethii 
from every fide and exaggerate lh6 weakell 
trifles, to deftroy the charafter of tha^ ^bodj^ 
among perfons , w^o . are ignorant . of . the 
tranfadHpns of pad times. ( « ) ; j. .- : i . 


(42) <* Eaquse Blondum i4 publicam inaocjei^ite^noftri^ 
«tteflatioii«m imppUniot , ^dem a^o^enci pluHn6il» hiibefke 
ad famaa fociecatis iatcgraia io futnro .iwp^r^-coofer'mp 

Z a 

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IfKked wh«t other WMr9 thao hofiilityto 
tfaQ Jefqits, (i»)«^hohave never tnjoted faiOi 
comU prompc Mr. Beringioo to ptUa upoo 
tbe public foch 9 triiiog and cootemptililft 
piece of pret^pded (eqret hiftory "? Novchji 
he knew, \$ always a ^ait for the cre()aloQ>i 
and %bp ppponupiiy w^$ fnt to imeftarf 
with little trouble, mu^b obloquy agaiafttbe 
Jefuiti )| icopld Qofjt bHAioply the labour of 

dam. l^unquam enini d^unt, qui ejus inSjnu^^^P'^ 
f igiiie , inftrntifliiiu ctiam qu«que , apvd pnecericarat 
tffirua igiutoc, undecuiique cooqoifict exaggereat. n ^ 

^(a) Wiere did Mr. Bwingtoii collea M riit'toMi 
vrliich. ke b%$ uK|aled« ^nft cbe Jabiu? He 4i< "* 
fatbtf it frooi «l^e education, wMi^h h? rtcejredf ^ 
0lumnus pontificius , at Dpui^j ^ wbile the defiru^Q> ^ 
the Jcfults Wis approaching , and the voice, of tbdr cfl^ 
aies was pattkularly loud againft chem. I ao welt 
tIRired , that his fupet k>rt and dire^^s «c char ^^ ^ 
dfi^voQied CO iw^lnie che v^ry eochft of it fVon the coUt{^» 
hjr frequency teminding the ftodeni? , xfim it ^^^ ^ 
cquaUy indecent and wielded in chem, to approve or repeat 
•he language- of the Jcftfits*^ enemies. To 8CCoe« ^ 
^r. Beringcons hatied i»f then, I can only repeat ao a» 
iobfervatioD , chat every enemy of che (i^ iif E««>^ ^^' 
tlfo been theirs. I have been inforned , chac for ^ 
years paft, it has been a ftandhig order fn che hhnrf ^ 
Douay-coMege, doc to aAoit Into it any of Mr. Bcrinjwo* 
Sfiararjt pco4o<tioa». 

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craoTcribiog ; every thiogji w^cb lie hud f* 
tninfcribe, had been told before^ nod ic bad 
been loDg forgoueo. What worda then ^ball 
patience employ to charaAe^ze tfa« bM-dih^od^ 
with which he dares to aflert^ that thefe me- 
inoirs are nev^^ and now fitfi publishid by hUnr 
felf^ Dodd, fays Mr. Beringfoa citing bif 
page, « was extremely defirous of publi^ng 
»> thefe memoirs i >» but be was wiiheld fren 
it by (< motives of a benevolent tendency » » 
not to injure the memory of Charles I « » 9o4 
9» from a delicate forbearance towards foftit 
» focietiesof bis own communion, n (^)Doddf 
own words ^e i « Hitherto Ihav^ not tliougbt 
y^ it proper tj9 maJce thofe memoirs pubtick^ 
»» there being feveral occurrences wbifch ^ &a.*.« 
n as alfo QUt of a Hudtr ngard to (h^ JSsgularsM 
n whofe behaviour might probaUy come uih 
» der a fevere cenfure, by the method ttejr 
«» took , to oppafe ecclefiaiiical and epifcop^ 
w government. «( t ) The tasdy puWicatiwoi 
of thefe memoirs by Mr. . Berix^^n hM 
plainly proved, tJiat th& regulars ^^i^hofo Maf* 
viour mighi cptoie. under ftyer^ ceajuri^ were tbd 
Jefuits. Otber rci^ulars are hardly qeofured io^ 

(t) Ckwcb Hift. VoL UL P. ¥1, p, 7(fc 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

tfiettl. But wbbever has read Dodds Stent 

policy ofths English fociety , or has watched 

liim through his Church Hifiory in (peakiog of 

that body of men^ will oo more believe that 

iie was iofluenced by delicate forhearwce or 

lender regard iox them, than he will believe 

tiiat Cicero was refirained by the feme mo* 

Itives , from publishing the turpitude of Ca- 

tilroe or of Anthony. How can I conceive, 

that motives of focb Benevolent tendency witbr 

eld Dodd from printing the memoirs , 

tvhen the extraSs from them, which he has 

|)ublished , (*) impute to the Jefuits al- 

Inoft every thing that is wicked, and yield 

in virulence to nothing , but to his own Secra 

policy, which is beyond comparifon the moft 

Outrageous libel , that ever fbll into my handsl 

But by publishing thefe extra£ls, which, in 

his morality ) do not wound charity, be 

plainly intimates, that there are crimes be^ 

htod them concealed in Panzanis memoirs, 

which cannot be brought to light without 

offending delicacy. Mr. Berington docs nor 

feel this r^Vicacy; u at the prefent tiaie, 

» he fays J^ the reader will not give it a 

«» thought. »j (t) He has published what 

(•) 2kid. pp. 75- %'^- '^«" Ml ?• ia8, Sd IjS^ 
C^^ tnf. $p Mem. f. yhj. 

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I>odd from falfa ^^iViicy (*).fupprefled; he 
aflures us« in Dodds words , that bis memoirs 
are entirely new^ and were never Before publish* 
ed in print ; ( t ) he is in poflfeflion , he adds , 
of the IVISS once belonging co.Dodd, bothi 
under the original title « and under that of the 
Memoirs ofWindebank; (§) in a word, the. 
whole fecret is let out , all is told. Now \: 
have compared the complete Beringtonian me- 
moirs with the extra£):s of them published by 
Doddin 1742; and I find, that, though the 
former are longer by fome pages, yet in all the 
leading features , in all the fa£b , which ( for fuch 
a work) may be called interefiing, they are pre- 
cifely the fame, in matter, in laqguage, ia 
words ; and as far as the Jefuits are concerned , 
there is ha rdiy an imputation I a flur, a calumny 
againfi them , yhich is not copied verbatim^ 
from thofe extra£ls, which Mr. Dodds deli- 
cute forbearance and tender regard for the re* 
gulars did not prevent him from inferting 
in his hiftpry. And yet Mr.^Berington has 
themodeflyto inform us, «« that be has intaria^ 
n bly givtn an account of his authors, *» (S) 

■I. hi.. — .ii ^..iii ■ ■■■■■ II mm f I II 

(♦)/Hi. p. V. 
Ct) MeA^ p. S58. 
. (5) Pref.p.ynij. 
(5) /W-/. p. Xiij. 

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?^ (184) 

ftfid u that his memoirs are entifely /Mr, ad 
v» i5r«^r *ir^ra published in print. « (*) I 
abandon him to the refle£Hons of the reader^ 
'rho will not refid the undeniable confequeocei 
that ) if the regulars ^ for whom Dodd p^^ 
tended a iend^ regard » and who might com 
Wider feytH eehfiire by the publication, irere 
ikkt Jefuitsi then Dodd ftands convicted ofid« 
vancing a notorious wifehood , and Beringcofl 
of retailing it« For fince Berington has pu- 
blished the M^hole and enHre memoirs s ><^^ ^^'^ 
prove to be linlt or nothing 'more than tfte «• 
trafts, which Dodd had already given in bis 
ecclcfiaftical hiftory * it is evident, that there 
iras nothing behind , which tmiet regard for ti^ 
reputation of the regulars could induce Do<l« 
to fupprefs. If Mr. Berington coufd have 
kept himfelf quiet , the retiders 6f D^^^ 
might ftill have believed upon his ^ord,'tbat 
the inedita of the memoirs contained it^^* 
tible evidence of the Jefoits depravity. Bot 
fince thefe intdiui (now edited by Beringroa) 
turn out to be little oi^othing ttofe than 
the old «/ifti of Dodd; fince they arc not 
even dished up with a new fauce; if id^^^"^^ 
that Beringtons ftory hangs entitaly op^^ 

(•) Mm. p. ^58, 


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Dodib cfedic, tnd 4hftt by adoptiDg alt the 
fnrejudkes of Dodd^ Without kn' itoM of 
cricictfiB or refledion , he has uriwitnogiy 
conviAed his fairorice Dodfd of afalfehood. 
What credit shall foch writers obtain 1 

Thisreaibning mcift be conclufive ^gainft 

Dodd in the foppofition , which ;^^on the 

ctedit of Mr. Berin|tbns memoirs /I havtf 

fin!ietto afiumed , 4hat the regulars , for 

tRft»m Dodd had a teriier regard aifd ditltaii 

forbearance^ were the Jefuits. If it b6 proved 

that Dodd did not iQeaa ^e Jefuitff » but4he 

Benedi£lin9 9 the Fra;if ifcans aud t\ic Carms^ 

who are not cenfuM4.^n Mu^fii,tmgtpn^ 

^qniptetp and 4raire memoirs i x\i%^ indeed; 1^9. 

argument on Dodds detib^tate fajfehoojl wilt 

befombwhat weakened i but ic will llancl^ia 

all its force ffigaiuft Mr. Berington\ who 

lells us Iq Dodds words , that the fe^fe of 

thefe authentic memoirs has not iffn at alt 

altered, and that not anx£^S^g^ '^i f^ relation. 

has been omitted. (^) It will alfo re(Qain true 

againfi Dodd , that fince , in his %%xx?l^s &Qm 

{he memoirs, he has placed to iha acppuat 

of the Jefuits alone , all the wicjcednefs^ 

(•) Mm. p. asB. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

cm ) 

9r)y(^, uoreflefting malice could fuggefi; he 
IS. a p^rtjuil and pailio^te writer, who has i^a 
equal c;hafity for aU his peighbours, and ii 
t^qrefore equally miwprtliy of i^redit^ in what 
he prints and in what he conceals. It wU 
moreover follow , to my purpofe , that Mr. B^ 
rio^ton , by fuppre^ing what regarxls tbefe 
Benediftins , Carms and Francilcans « has i 
c:optrary to his aflbrapce » omitud fome 
fagis in the relation , that he has garble^ ji)f| 
memoes,, and therefore that they are,^ 
Wthpnticv .; ... 

Never did IVIt. feHngton utter a more mt 
fentWncfc, than Vhcit* he. v^rote , that « the 
^faamew Charles Dodd is nearly coniie^ed 
,ij' With his inemoirs. w (*) Indeed the con^ 
nexioo jsfo Very clofe, thpt it almoft melts 
inlto identity. Since the origin of plagiari/iOf 
1 hieftifilVeii no writer Has ever been fo com- 
pletely poached and pillaged, as the feveral 
Writrb'gs of Dodd haVe been, to furnish oot 
tliefe entirely new metooirs of Panzaoi , with 
their equally new Introduftion and Sopp'e- 
ment, as for as the order of time wooli 
perniit. If Dodd could now contemplate the 
irork, he might peirhaps abandon fomeparft^ 

C*) tftf- ^9 Mem. p. xij. 


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Hngtod ; he would .rather perhaps ^iepbtt^ df 
flit fmatt fa/fa Mim^fiad »ioA«adr <}f^ dTB 

poet,-to Mr. Beriogtdn; '" "•' 

^ • ■ Ejufdem fimUi uttrquc parens. " * 

Foif my. part,.: I am coDc^rii^d to fififl,^ 

in .fucb compaoy, (bjpW^ .foi;;/?^ 

l^r.^^^erin^tQo ; ,.th« l;,t;^^^ »nps)p()iSl?ly 

reacIT the oiic,, without Caching .the other^ 

The filflis, in fpiiepf l!^r\do(^ 

4 have foine regjard f9r liiv? R0WW'4?Sft/i>^n«l 

I think that I can difcern the degree; ofj^pe* 

rit,' which it is-fmukd tOjflajin, AQjiglj^^ 

love truthi ouwre tJipcj.l Jl^ye Mr. pddd 05 

his compitation. We have ; fome . .o^Ug^^JB?! 

tohitn v^cd future juflpriaqs will dckno^lec|g|| 

tbem ., , fpr haviog.^^ wjl^^d^^ 

trash, ca^ny yaliiabje 4^ejd,f ^'^d^ fl?9Prd?i fof 

liayj^ prepared f^^^ fpc a.,h^fiaryH 

though ^e ^as'* tppft^J jben^^ ,^.^fe^ 

a s^a^lp}^ QJF i^&i% criti€ifm> or^ep^ 

Ihaye I called his ]wprk a cpmpUaticn^'j^cmi^ 

in ^d,^it might as . well bp cs^d an jpig 

poem, as a hiftory. . ^.. 

» , • ,^ (^ ^ ' 
But the intrinfic evidence of the memojrs 

lyisfatisfied Mr. Beripgton of their authen* 

Aa 2 

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tidty, 'Uoaulb tfaftjr ext^ tgttt whb ib 
Patfioicnts ;«f cot/^a^antj :.lufiMians. ( * ) k 

|he 4ept:h of the meoooirs wicb the umb of 
criticifm; but we may have pilieace to en- 
iniaethe^ iofo.ipei.D.(laoceSf which shall fenre 
as a fpecimeh of the reft! Paozani iofimos 
Csili'ditiar Btirberiiii , « th^t 'Hit 'JtmtJs odt 
*iiih\fpf»y trifiks to difeppomi hith , but 
rii that th^y"fpiire oei<hrfr\W Queen, nor Ks 
M HMirref^, nor '^v6d his Emihenc^e , idio 
f> tad ifitooted 'theAJ without meafare , by 
«'{^A(Khg hidi ibtb'''£'Ogliittd \x^thoa£ havio^ 
•."^rft* tftken theiir a^Vice.'.. (f) I wish to 
fee tWfe imp|imi6'ns -proved from Ibme ett- 
iitablB ifotetfipdrary iuihlit' If theytfefd b<J6o 
jpovin^liha trutb'% fttrdjr the Jefuits wodd 
haVie htth teufured, or otherWife ptibiihed 
fot'fhch-ettfaragaot cobdad. When 1 coo- 
fider imtiiiflc evidence, 1 remark, that iffte 
5&roits An^re, as they are every where iffepre- 
fented by Dbdd ahd Beflngtob, too cuBinog 
for Popes, ftr Cardioaji and W Bishops; 
they werft- ferely too wilb "bot 'to fpare tomt 
oFthem; antfl tonbiudeV that the report Is 
■ ' III " I r ' i i 

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99 'vmvimVf «f a eonfideodai agent <Gir lltt 
holy, fte, a* his dearl;' tfaft language of pre- 
Judic«-«iid of party. Ic is Uien' a forgery. 

- - • • 

Another extra£l from PaDzani aflerts, than 

n the Jefuita are tht only perfons that caoo^ 

9i bear a Bishop; and queftioDie&9 they wUl 

»> exciceall their peoitenisagaioft him. Every 

9) day. I hear new complaints of them ». and 

^> of their equivocations; and yet I have giv^^ 

9» them more encoQraj;ement and tokens of 

if confidence ^ than to any others ; whidi 

99 they requite with Spreading idle and per* 

99 Tonal refleflions ^ cafting my horofcope « 

jan and pretending to be privy to all the par- 

VI tkularstof my life. And pf late one father 

9> Roberts of that order attacked me fo briskly 

•» on account of partiality in their dis&vour« 

^ that 1 found myfelf obli|;ed to make u(e 

« of the ilrongeft afieverations to lilence 

m him. w (•) The ridiculous abfurdity of 

cafling horofcopes is too foolish even fof 

laughter ; but . Mr. Berington will probably 

produce proofs fipm g^ave cotemporary wri- 

sets. On tUe reii I cctnsirk' v that if Ranaani 

4<d qotc ibeAiave (WJm . k^' wrote , he Was d 

'--I — : — ■. ■ ry r* - f , ' ' t — ■ i - ' i ■■ " ■ ' "\ 

who in copyio; it, has mifiaken the |Ugs. ., j 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

laare , ittifit t^ be trufled eit&(»- by tlM 1^^^ 
or by us. If te -believed it, he was ao ideoc 
to give to the Jefuits encoqragemeM and 
more confidence than to all others. He com- 
plains of their equivocations ; but how coutd 
he give them fuch marks of confidence, with* 
out being jguilty of their crime ^ To give 
confidence to rafcals » in order to catch and 
deceive them, is, in my ideas, the worft fort 
of equivocation. If he could write thus of 
the Jefuits in his official report to Rome » 
furely he would not be Co weak , as to acknow* 
ledge to the Popes minifter his own hypocrify, 
in making the ftrongeft aiTeverations of fiiend- 
ship to F. Roberts. Could a grave envoy of 
the holy fee , a prieft full of ^eal and cqnf- 
fancy (♦) ever write fuch fluff*? 1$ there a 
man alive, befides Mr. ^erington^ who can 
fufpe£l that it is original , and exult in die 
difcovery^ In truth if Panzani wrote that 
letter, he was a fcoundrel of the mofl con- 
temptible cafi. I fay not one word of him, 
who has copieid and published it. 

If Panzani coutd thus inveigh againft ibt 
Jefuits , how copld' he be difpleafed to bear 
his friend Windebank abufe them 1 How could 

(,•) J/m. p. 852. - • 

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( 191 ) 
he equivocite fo groCsly, vato defend themi 
to aflure the fecretary , «« that the world It* 
s» bouted under i great prejudices iti their re- 
^» gard^ ^k (*> With what con&ience could' 
he afiert, that the Jefuits feirouted fhofe^ 
who took the oath:of allegjancel Does aay 
cotemporary bifiorian* give this teftimony? 
How could he maintain , that the Jefuits were 
intriguiog with the puritans ^ With what re- 
gard to common fedfib, decency and honeAy^ 
eould he relate in his memoirs, that the 
nfual language of the Jefuits yiras , that the 
Roman catholic religion would never be ref^ 
wiikA in Enghdd , but by the fwbrd ; that he 
reproached them with theii" guilt in the gun- 
powder plot; that they thought it a more eli- 
gible ftate to remain as they were,^ than to 
fee a total converfioo of the nation , with the ' 
detriment or excluiion of their own bodyl (f) 
Such fa£Hous calumnies might figure in Dodd9 
Secnt polity or in Mr. BeringtDns RetraSa^ 
tioHs i but neither has any creditable hifioriaa 
related them, oor will any roan. of common 
Ufiderfiandibg beKeye, that an agent of the 
holy fee could iidopt them. But furely it is 

(♦) md. p. i68* 

Ct ) f^^ »n(t pp. 169. 82«. 

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( 194 ) 
more ratieQal tod more charitable, tot M 
Cake of his oiemory ^ to conclude, diat paffioo 
clouded tine je^res of Dodd agaioft this pbia 
troth 9 that tlie memoirs afe forged, aod that 
fome'firong oervous convDMioa of his copyffi 
Mt- Beringft>Q , who ahirays writes as be 
ftels^ hixxlered hitn fitmi obfervitfg the foae 

The important report, in which Vztad 
communicates his own private thoughts M 
conjedures to Cardial Bacbetmi, I*) ?'>^ 
another relatedby Mr.Berington (t.)comaio, 
in my judgment , the mspft iatrmfic "^^^^^^ 
of paffionate folly , aod thei;efcre. of abfur*t| 
and forgery. The Jefuit$ , are Ji^f c i^^r^} 
a grave papal minifier employed \d^ ^ff^' 
ation of charity and peace^ to have a V^ 
many followers and admirers; aodi* ^j^ 
to dipiinish the number of tbefe aaa»wr*' 
he propofes to his court, to,craiPB| ^ ^^^ 
in theur faculties ; he fuggefes a ffiU ^^ 
remedy, propofed by fiwne perCwis '^^ ** 
gland , to di&iifs them from tfie SP^*''^ 
of the English college ai .Rof»e< ^<^^**2 
^ing that they have fo many followers «»* 
^> -■-* 

(•) tr^LUL p. 1x6. cf D$*d ^ I5» ^Z^'^"* ^ 


by Google I 

^dtfil^cts^ he alTureB the Cardidat^ that tliey 

do ndt attend to the qare of fouls; that avarici 

is their only motive ^ traffic is their ooncerii^ 

^nd they have turned the oliffiOQ into a bu* 

linefs of {irofit : that they perfecute the BU 

iihop, (a) and that this ftime avaHce^is the 

^niy motive, ilrhich pushes ihem oo to do it. 

^ He bad found, he fays, ty experien^^ (hat 

w thefe Jefuits were for being fole proprietors 

^f of the million, (which they fo ibuch'ne* 

to glefted)) tbdt they l^ormed the clerg^rroutt 

1^ of their pkices, and obliged them to yhli 

%i to the force of iutereft and money. *^ (*) 

lFr6tii the fame report It appears % thajt 

tiotwithftanding the certainty Of the JffA^tl 

crimes , Which Paoiaai had difco^rif 4 ty 

€xferienci^ the young gentleihea of (he Jbeft 

catholic femilies, and even of the beft wifi^ 

Rill had not H^it enough to fitid them onti 

or elf^ Were wicked enough to partake in* 

their enormities^ .^ For , the Jefuits ^ fayf 

vi Panzani , cull out the i)eft wits for theit 

^ own body , they daily mak^ new conquefis. 

« .tff'j* 

(i») At tl^e dftte of tbis report, thtre bad doc leeil 
Shy Bishop, to be perfecQted , in Eti^tnd, t<A ^ f|»act 
irf»lmoft fii ^rs« 

(*) Mm.u¥lfiip. 

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( m ) 

Y) itid Incorporate youths of the befi familki 
>> into their fociety. » &c. I arndshamed of 
Dodd for ha?ing inferted fuch trasli in wfm 
he calls a Church hiftory; It is fit to figure 
^nly in the QuodUbets or die ConfiderOmi 
x)f Waifon i and uotilt Mr. Berio^oo shaS 
fupfport it by the evidence of cotemporary 
authors , 1 appeal to the judgment of ev^ 
nan of common lenfe ^ if it be ndlt an indig* 
tiity offered to the public ^ to tell us, tbatti^ 
is the original and authentic language x>f a 
prudent minifter of the holy fee ^ fetot to 
tompofe differences between the (ecnlar 
^hd regular clergy. In the multitude t£ 
pansf^l^s and libels agarnll the Jefuits, 
i;v^hidi I have read /I have almoft conftaody 
obfervef^^ that the writers of them knew 
littlef 6r nothing of their real merits and real 
faults. The extravagance and the folly of the 
*im()Utations4 which the writers of fuch libels 
advance^ is commonly an ample and very 
fatisfaftory refutation of what they impute. 

Cardinal Barberini informs Panzani, (^} 
that the holy fee itfelf was afiraid that the 
Jefuit^^ would traverfe its defign of giving a 

I , I— ^1— ^— M^^ ■ I I I i^l— ^— ■ ■ 

(•) uid. p. irs- 

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C I9S T 
Bishop ta England. ThVCarcfinAl had prb^^ 
bablyx ftrgotten ^ that' a few years before , the 
holy fee bad given two Bishops to England <» 
witboot the fmalleft apprehenfioii of the Jefuits^ 
power 9 though at d)at very tidie, as we have 
learned from Mr. Berington , the Jefuits pof- 
fefled all their ofual influence in the court of 
Rome. (*) In the very fanie letter Pao2iaiTi 
IS forbidden to infinuate, the battisbment qB 
the Jefpits, or even a redufHoa of their 
fiumber, which by . Windebanks (latement 
exceeded three hundred , though the Cardinal ^' 
and of courfe his uncle the Pope, well knew ^ 
that tbefe three hundred men were traverfipg the 
defigos of the holy fee , and were befides y a band^ 
of traders, who perfecuted Bishops o/i/y from 
avarice , and were for being the fol6 pr^pHetors 
of the mifi&)n, which however they utterly^ 
negleded. Where is Cardinal Barberinis 
original letter, which enjoins this wonderful 
policy*? ; Where is his letter, (t) in which 
he talks of the Jefuits artifices, and complaint 
of them^ for not having yet declared , u that^ 
% they would move in the afiair (of tbeagree-^ 

. (*) Ibid. p. 78. 

(t) iHd. p. 023. wh^re tb« pretended Itcter is detaile4 
in Dodds words. Vol. HI. p. 134. 

Bb a 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

e i9« ) 

It meat with the fecohir clergy) as tbeRosM 
t» fee shwil4 direQ^I The letters o&BtoBJ 
g^ve evidence, that tUs was the very diiogi 
vhicb the Jefuits had conftantly dMe io the 
whole difputei and they thereby profetbis 
voproduced tetter of Barberioi to be as mocb 
a forgery , as the admirable comiminicatioDi 
of Paa%im bimfelf. The lettei iDcamiouQ; 
fays , that m moving as the holy fee sbootd 
tf direft, yns a method, which the Jefuits, 
M 00 all occafioos , feemed prepared, to eo- 
« brace. » If this was written bjr Barbertai 
hoyr could be poffibly apprehend, that tbde 
fame Jefuits would tr0vsr/i ibe de%fl of Ae 
holy fee ) to give a Bish6p to Eogland'^ 

Tansapi is cosifBaoded by tbc Cardiflii (*) 
10 fupprefs a oiaaifeflo made by the clefgyi 
through an apprebenfioo, that it woaUocct^ 
fion an aafwer from the Jefuits. Upon loA' 
luatioD of his orders, he receives an aiifc^' 
from tbe clergy , vhkh, ifit be cdt forged, 
smft prove, that the men, wha gave it, were 
maddened with paflion, beyond the reacb of 

(•) Dodd md. ftod Msm. p. fisa. & fe^- '" *J 
fUce more tb^ tierce pag«i cofether m c^P^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

09f ) 

f eafoo, pnideoee or religion. The ctndofiAtt 
of it 11, M that the Jefuits were indif&renC 
41 about the reiloration of the cathofic reUgioii 
« in England, iinle(s it ware effefled by Atif 
n meaos; and in confequence of this, their 
9f common difcourfi was , that it could never 
« be brought about, but by force ofarm^n^*} 
If this anfwer were ftutbeotic , how could i 
poffibly believe , that the men who gave it , 
were auimated with that love of peace , and 
that defire of e£Ee£Ung a jincere concord witli 
the Jefuits^ ^bicb Mr. Qerington Continually 
9fcribes to them^ Paozani, the impartislt 
jnediator of peaee^ immediately adopts this 
trash, and from this temper of the Jefuics^ 
lie accounts, for F. SiAiths unwillingnefs to 
Hop the periecuiion of the purfuivants. A few 
lines lowetii he tells the Cardinal , that «4 txoi0 
p he experts to know the refbhicion of the. 
« Jet uits about the agreement with the priefts , ^ 
who were the authors j6f the mantfeiiov ^that 

V the greatefi part of the Jefuits are wilttng 
n to come into the agreement ^ even the prb^ 
« vincials words tend dial way , but his a£tlone 
n fpeak the contrary i that he himlelf has 

V been very lUrring on this occafion, though 

(♦) Mfm. p. ?25. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

V he tODceives* small hopes of Tuceeft. n Vn^ 
iently after (^) be repoi^ts to the Cardinal* 
the complaints cS th« clergy , the fubfiance 
whereof is ^ a that the Jefuits are countenanced 
t» in all they fay or write , and by their ample 
» privileges run a^iray with the credit of the 
»» miffioni but that they, for their part, Ian- 
n guish under all ibrts of difcouragement, 
f» and that their tongues, pens, ears and eyes 
f» are all ufelefs to them, when they defire ta 
n be heard at Rome. >» 8fc. Horace long ago 
advifed labulifis to invent with probability* 
The author of the memoirs did not refled^, 
that the clergy could not pofiibly utter fucb 
complaints with any regard lo truth, vMle 
Panzani himfelf was ferving them with all his 
interefi in the court of Rome , and Cardinal 
Barberini was evidently abetting their caufe. 
After what Panzani has faid. in his reports, 
It is not a little furprifiqg to find him making 
protefiations of his impartiality, (t) It is 
equally aftonishing to find him repeatedly 
wishing to eSe£l a reconciliation between the 
clergy and the regulars, which is acknowled** 
" III I I ^ ■ I * . 

(*) M$m. p. 231. where agaia more thao three paget 
together are copied from Dodd. Vol. III. p. 13^. 

<t) ^'«» P- aai. 

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( '99 > 
ged to be the chief objeA of his miffioo i O 
and elfewhere to hear him declariog fincetdj 
to fecretary Cottington , <* that he had oever 
v> moved one ftep in the bufinefs (of the* 
9> agreement, )^ntiU the parties concerned 
n had drawn up the articles of it. t^ (f) 

Thispropofed agreement between the clergy 
and the regulars is the principal groundwork, 
on which Panzanis accufations of Blond and 
the Jeruits are built. In the memoirs it if 
magnified into an important tranfa£tion ; elfe- 
where it is treated as a trifle hardly worthy 
of remembrance, (a) It muft however be 
allowed 9 that it involved fome political crafty 
though Blond was a man of too much wifdom 

(•) 7WA p. ai3. 

(t) P- ^25. and of DodJ IJ4. 
. (tf ) Henry More fpeaks of it as Tollows , afcet bavfng 
reported tbe correfpondence bccweeR Blond and Panzani p 
which ic occafioned. ** Hs ultro citroque datsfoDcliterae. 
f9 Atque ut nulla nota picenlVe caula fuic hnjus novae coo* 
», Teiitionis ; jca In auras , fimul atque nacn eft y abiit , neque 
ft cuiqoam tut ntiliMtis qufdpiam actulit aut detriniemi. 
f* Et ego oolla eaim dij^am nemorla exiftimaflem , nifl. 
n M 9 quae Blond um ad publicam innoeencix noftrs aueP- 
M tationem in)pulerunt,eadein moroenciplurtmum babereoc^ 
M ad famam Ibcietatis integram in futuro tempore confer- 
n vandam. ^ Hifi. Pnv. dng. p. 475. 

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ftbd prudence , to be eafily earoared. trod 
a review of his conduft it evidently appearsi 
that he a£led under the convidHan, tbatlss 
* enemies had contrived this pretended agm- 
tnent, or at leaft were endeavouring to ayai 
thenifelves of it , to render him and the J^ 
fnits odious. There were at this period to 
England a fe^ priefts of that clafs of meo* 
whom I have elfewhere qualified with the title 
of adi^enturers in theology ,• and they conftto- 
ted the moft formidable feftion , which has 
ever yet endangered oijr fmall national cfcortfc 
They were headed by Mr. Thomas White or 
Blackloe , of reooWned memory , ^ho tea 
too foccefsfully exerted his talents Jn fortwog 
a clerical cabal; and among bis adherents h« 
counted fome of the leadiitg members of tte 
chapter, Which, after the retreat of BishoP 
Smith, exercifed epifcopal juriOliaion. theft 
aben had taken full poffeffidn of Psiot^m, ^ 
conqueft of little diffidulty ; and they had in* 
fufed into him a large share of their o«J 
principles and prejudices. They did notJ«^ 
avow openly all the dodWnes and all the Pj* 
tenfions , Whidh they afterwards sdntic^^ 
but they overlooked nothing, Which cool 
either ftrengtheo their own intereft » ot w»* 
ken the credit of their opponeoBi ^ ^ 

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mam point Wai, to retain and to confolidate 

the aotbority , with which they were veiled. 

Some years before « they had formed a defiga 

to firip Bishop Smith of his power and 

to force |him to quit the re^lm; (*) nor 

did the obtaining a new Bishop » appointed 

from Rome ^ form any objeft of their zeal , 

unlefs that Bishop could be elected from their 

own number. The dangerous doArines , the 

haughty pretentions and the intrigues of their 

chief were not unknown at Rome ; and certaia 

coiifiderations refulting from them concurred 

with many other caufes^ to retard the ap- 

pointcaent of a Bishop. The party failed not 

to call the blame of the delay upon the 

Jefuits^ becaufe in that body they counted 

not a ISngle friend, and they dreaded many 

adive opponents. Under the pretence of- 

burying all difcord in a new agreement of 

friendship and union , they aimed to decry the 

Jefuits, as enemies of concord and of peace* 

In one hand they held the boafled inilrumeot 

of agreement; with the other' they fpread 

around the nation a manifefio againfl the 

Jefuits, fo deplete with flander, that Pan- 

eani received orders from Rome to fuppreft 


i*^ Dr. Ltyhumt EnclcU Lit, p. 4a. 


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( ao2 ) 
it; O and this agent wa9 even compelU 
e^ to promife , that it should be cooden- 
Ded as a fcandalous writings (f) though be 
afterwards inferted the whole fubllance of it 
into his memoirs , of which IVIr. Beriogtoo 
warniots the authenticity. The inftroimiii 
of peace and concord , which they fianied « 
was at be(l a fopcrduous and ufelefii piece} 
it contained falfe inflnuations , it implied aa 
acknoiirledgment of evil practices , which the 
Jefuits could not, contiQently widi uuch and 
honour , admit to be real : but if they refb« 
led it, they would be decried as enemies f£ 
concord ; and if they fubfcribed it , they would 
be underfiood to bind themfelves to forbear 
from all future oppolition to the proceedings 
of the men ) who had planned it. The authors 
of it feem rather to have wished % that the 
Jefuits might be excluded from the agree* 
ment^ or that they would rejedl it« It is a 
certain truth , tliat neither Blond , though 
fuperior of the mod coofider^ble body of re« 
gularsn qor any one of his fubje^ , was io« 
vited to the afiemblyt and that not even an 
intimation; had been given, that their coqcnr^ 
iseoce would be agr^able to the perfons, who 

(•) Mm. p, 235. (t) mi. p. aaS. 

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aftenvards (b loudly coiiipktiiied riiaci!hey rtf-. 
^fufed it. To call -the pfopeied agreement im 
4kSt of tiu clergy , or to rcprefent |he,ineetiftg 
as an ^a^imbfy €tf the clergy ^ is to cdnfbtmA 
things 'petfe£lty difparate : it was merely ^the 
«^ed of a few inea , and it was by the chaiice 
of accident 9 that the fupeilor bf the Jefl^it^ 
< obtained the firfi knowle^e of its ^xiibenbe. 
He was a man too prudent to be haftily over- 
reached; and if it be true that three clergy- 
men were .deputed to him, 1 amndt fUrpri- 
fed thathe sbopM ^echne fo treat with them, 
*when I obferve, that the noted Blackloe in 
perfoo was the foreman of the triumvirate. (1) 
:Blorrd published his declaration, and it proves 
his condufl to have been perfe£lty correA 
atfd wife; though More, who reports it, (t) 
iroAl motivesr of prudence' fays not a fyllaWe 
of theeharaflers aind the defigns of the men^ 
who were aiming to infnare him. ^He ferit 
his declaration to Piinsani, accompanied with 
•an explanatory tetter, which might • haVe f*- 
tisfied any impartial -perfon , and muft have 
caitied convi&lon to an agent of the holy 
'4ee; but this defpicabfe man, circumvemed 
by the} party, was too mean to acknowledge 

' 0*) 4f/ar. pr €t26. (f) ffifi, Prpv. Jng. p. 470. 

Cc a 

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( ao4 ) 

the truths and too timid -to a& ^*th opright- 
nefs and deciiioo. Blond shewed the inmilkj 
of the propofed agreement ; he alledged dot 
he had never infringed that concord , vtuck 
ought to unite piriefta, nor had ever oppolcd 
the exertion of any authority derived ftoa 
the holy fee ; and if he accepted the uomea- 
ning inllrument ^ merely to avoid the reprosdi 
of fomenting difcord , he difclaimed the tei&e- 
rity of difcufling^ in private meetings, diTps* 
ted poiptfi, which the Pope had refervedfof 
his own decifion i ^nd he equally difiiliove<I 
any pretenfions^ which his accufcrs toi^^ 
ground upon his acceptation of their ioftnh. 
ment. In a word^ he profelfed tbathewo"*' 
fieadiiy adhere to the difpofitions of tbe bn<i 
JBri(aunia of 1631 , and that he cQolji^fi 
thcfe as adequate to every ufeftil pwfl^ 
He judged aright ; but it was this. very brkf» 
which goaded Blackloe and his cabal. ^ 
Fanzani had pofleffed any firmnefs of ^^ 
nder^he would not have demeaned himfc" 
into a tool of ftdlioni and if he hadpoflf^W 
either common honefiy or common feDfe» ^ 
could not have copied into his mm^rs^ 
ftflious calumnies of the Blackloifts, wbicb 
Mr. Berington blushes not to retail to ««« 
as the fentunents of the catholic ctergy. ^ 

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( aos ) 

lentimentf ofthii body were widely dilferept; 

.and they were exprefled with energy in tl)e 

fequel) in the ftrenuous combats « which their 

mod virtuous and moil learned members were 

forced to fuflain againft tbofe very Blackioiilp, 

during the long courfe of thirty years. I clqle 

this article on the inflrument of concord ^ 

with a short remark. Mr. Berington copying 

podd informs us , » that the court of Rome 

t> had neither declared for, nor againft tbe 

♦» agreement. »>(*) How then, could Panzapi 

blame the Jefifits fo violently, for not declaring 

for iff If he did fo , he was unworthy of the 

confidence of the holy fee; but I will r(ither 

think, that the forgerer 9nd the publisher pf 

bis pretended memoirs are both equally un« 

defer? ing of our belief. . ^ 

The few paffages, which I have cited fropt 
them, are abundantly fufiicient to convince an 
impartial reader , that a confidential miniflet 
or agent of the court of Rome ^ could oeyer 
be guilty ..of fo much fenfelels paffion, and 
of fuch wild contradiflion and incoherence. 
.The broken tale , whether read in Dodd or 
in Berington, has the air of a dream, which 
* ' . ■ I ■ , 

(*) Mm. p. 293. D$di. p. 134* 

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( *ti6 ) 

'«'t^iUg moi Ms eRttiearDttfeB to frcdflefi 
and has intfde irsitn'fcfibrts to gather into we 

leoAtiimed ftdry. 7o cdmpYete ihe 'fbny,^frt 

^are fttftorMcfd by this traking d r e am er ^ chat 
tfaenmon of^Eo^htnd with Home c< wooM 
n' pvbhsSty he ietiLtdfid and even rained bj 

'• Ae^rtgularpriefts, for Ihe- fake of djcir 
n anefint privileges "and exemptions ^ and Uiat 
9) the Jbfuits ivere chiefly appriheoded in this 
w refped, bythiokiog perftms, whofpecalatM 

' >> not much amifs. >>(.*) If Paozani fpecalated 
In this macfner, I shoold worider, lo what 
ubivieffity he had • obtahied the degrees oTa 
Juris utrtufyue DoSor^ Wheo he irrote that 
egregious ^fpecutatiob, he had Tarely fbrgdt- 
ten his own report to Rome, in which 'he 
had formally fiated ^ that * avarice tiod the 
jntereft^ traffic Were the on/y motives of 
the Jefuits t6 obftru^l the good work of 
the union With Rdtne , Vhich however they 
were w^ll difpbfed to tS^& by' the fword, as 
appeared by their ufihf language and eommm 
difiaur/e. How then shotild their concern for 
their aniimt privileges (unlefs trajffic were 
one of them) retard or min this good work ac 
prefent, ef^cially fince the old^ of ihtfe 

(*) Mimp. 249. 

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C M7 > 

^Vilegi!&» whatever they were, had not yet 

exified much more than lih^ years? Howe** 

ver , eOkacious meafures were certainly to 

be taken, to counteraft thet mefiil tJSpSU of 

thefe privileges; ^ and the clergy ,n lays tht 

Mrife Panzani^ « to prevent beiog impoijbd 

5* on by falfe brethren, ^ t^^ of thefe there 

\irere already too maay, is tbft hw^^tHtiom 

of the clergy » which was ai(n^hed to the 

focietyl (*) «* caufed ao opUi^ tQ, be. priitat^y. 

ti adniinidered to all oew qw(&MKu:ies of theijc 

t) body^ whereby they were to difowo them- 

»> felves to be Jefuits |o maf<]iuerade* '* (tX 

Criticifm and reflexion* are here fopi^rfliiom. 

Whoever cannot make them, deftrvea to b* 

condemned to read Paaaani and Bei^Dgtp^ 

to the end of bis days. Qu^ S^viim m^, 

odit , &c. That the clergy sil^uld have beeii 

guilty of fuch a folly , fuch a profanation « 

is abfolotely impqfl^ble : that a Bla^kloye ot^ 

even a few of his adherents propofe4 fmcl\ > 

piece of mafonry , may perhaps he cqfl^ei v^4 % 

when Mr. Berington shall have alledged foli4 

proofs of the faft* from wteroporwy wthot?: 

bat the co9.Q)uOop will thepbe? t^atQlackloe. 

and hi$ fe^y adher<«f)t9 deferred to be coni^qed 

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( lo8 ) 

as madmen. Would Mr. Befinj^oti jddge 
otherwife of the Bishop of the foutfaero dif^ 
tri6l, if) as a condiuon of admittin^^ him to 
exercife fpiritiial fun^ions, he should exad 
of him ao oath , that be is not an Arooldift 
in mafquerade, a Jacobin in mafquerade, a 
Gallic conftitutionalift in mafqnerade? And 
yet the chara^r of a Jefuit was hardly more 
dangerous to catholic religion, in the laft 
century, than thefe characters are thought 
to be in the prefent. Mr Berington might 
perhaps be able to take that oath , at leafi 
with truth, becaufe fome years have now 
pa(&d , fince he llripp&d off the mask i bat 
that oath will not be exa£led and the Bishop 
will probably require other more canonical 
fureties , before he confents to aflbciace 
Mr. BeringtoA to his clergy. 

To finish this extract from the memoirs, 
I make one remark. If the court^of Rome in 
fatbre shall not employ more able negocia* 
tors» than tbe fignor Gregorio of Berington 
and Dodd , our government at homft will have 
little caufe to dread the' fuccefs of ^pt$h plots : 
and if English catholics or prote(ti<nts can give 
credit to the narrations of fignor Giufeppe; 
they muft then renoutice all pretenfioos to 


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fober fetrfe, judgment , prudence, hiftorical 
knowledge , criticifm and difcernment. 

The remarks , which I have httherco pre^ 
rented , were wruten afcer a firft perufal of 
the memoirs. It occurred to me, that I could 
not fulfill all juftlce, either towards Mr. Be- 
lington or towards, my readers , uolefs t should 
do Cbmething more than others ; I cooragcoufly 
took up the memoirs > and I read theiQ a fecond 
time. Hence 'I conceive myfelf eodtled to 
add a few obfervations , which ^tberwife I 
might' have omitted; and if my. reader can 
patiently perufe them » be will become acquain-' 
ted with fome new ^rh^raAers and fome new 
events y which diftinguiihthefe important met 

Panzani tells the llory of the firft arch* 
prieft) O jufi as if he had been reading 
Mr. Beringtons IntroduShn , which ftaodsf 
before his memoirs. The truth is^ that the 
Introduction and the memoirs were eollefled 
apd. written by the fame toao. The. kA 
Panzani could not be ignorant, that Cle- 
mpnt Vm was not a ftrangeria the whoie affair, 
of the archprieft) as it is here pretended , but 
that be had fettled the government of the 

(•) Msm, p. 11^ 



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( aio ) 
atctiprieft « after much deliberation and with 
full knowledge of the caufe. 

Pope Urban VIII and Cardinal Barbefiin 
are reported o to have, shewn a particoht 
¥1 vcf^eSt for the English nation , as well firooi 
9> a general wish of re*uniting them once 
ft more to the fee of Rome, as from a certaia 
f* natural fympathy, » ( *) and they are after* 
Wards highly commended , and even pro* 
nouncei^ to be great men. (f) I. was wishing ^ 
that this diaradler might merit for Urban an 
exemption firom the general anathema , pro- 
nounced by Mr. Berington againft the tyrant 
nical pontiffs of Rome, who fport with the 
rights and even with the lives of the EogKdi 
clergy. ($) But Urban though a great man ^ 
imitated his predecefTors , he condemned the 
oath of allegiance^ and he refofed to model 
the government of the English church , accor- 
ding to tl^e ideas of Mn Berington and his 

The Commettdations beftoWed by Pan:^ 
upon the Benedidin Preflan, the cbampiott 
6f the oath of allegiance (J) were notwrittcfl 

by a papal minifier. The thing is felf evideoL 

— ■- — —^ — — - - 

. (•)p.i3t. Ct)p.'9»- (§)p.8tf. (J)p.i4N 

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The condija of tfee coort, in prefflng thi« 
oath , is a plain proof of the afierdons of a 
i^fer papal rainifter^ cardinal Bebtivpgfio, 
-which have been already produced; (a) The 
xelation of Pans&ani proves, that catholic truths 
and principles are always invariably the famr^ 
J>fothing was done in the lad century in fa- 
vour of the oath of allegiance by F. Pnrflon^ 
or againft it by his opponents, which has^ndt 
been realized , with refpefl to a Worfe oath , 
in our own days. > ^ ^ ' 

. Mr. editor has the weaknefs to* advaacf ^ 

t\xV the fingle Jefuit Smith was always able^ 

by one pretence or other, to hinder Panzam 

from applying to the miniHry ; and he qral^es 

his hero aflert, that if from the begioqipg he 

bad fuffered himfeif to be direfted in , big 

agency by the Jefuits , he should never have 

come to an interview with Windebank, Cot- 

tington, or even with. the Queen herfelf. (.*) 

It is evident from the memoirs, that Win- 

debank hated the.Jefuits; and yet becaufe 

Hn editor vouches for tbe authenticity of the 

f I ■ ■ « , » \ . 1 I U.' > I . H I 

* (tf ) A MS. of elite hft centyry affini\s, t^t fifty pne^ 
were ac one time confiaed Id Yorkshire opty? ^r refufiog 
'|he oath of allegiance, and t(uit |btty of chem died in ptifoji^ 

Od 4 • 

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< ail ) 

' fnetnoioi^ we muSk believe, that an agent de- 
puted from the Pope to tranfaft impomic 
bufioers with the king and queen of gRtf 
Britain , could be debarred from feeing then 
and their minifters by a few perfecmed Jefoio, 
whom the chief minifter detefted > and wboo 
the papal agent knew ty experience to be 
tafcals and knaves ; though , at the fame tiiy^ 
he gave them more encouragement and tobes ef 
confidence g than to any 0thm-s. (*) I apprA»' 
that Mr. editor has not much excrdW 
his great abilities in dramatic compofitio0' 
It is ^ncrally underftood that each foccccdiog 
fcene should be prepared and flow fcom tte 
which preceded it, and that the dialogue 
ought to be then particularly animated aod 
!nterefting> when great obftades have hecfl 
furmounted, to procure an interview between 
the important perfonages of the drama, fi^ 
Mr. editor has forgotten even to inftnm ost 
by what means his hero butft through the 
mighty Jefuitical impediments, which inW 
vened between him and the court; and te 
bluatly brings Panaadi and Wlnttebafik to- 
gedier , merely becaufe ,"as1re fays, w it **^ 
f» high time that they should have an inter* 
fi view. « (t) He even relates the pardcuto* 

(•)P-X75- (t)p. t4a> 

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< ««3 ) 

of this interview in the ntmtive » tnfiead t»f 

the dramatic fiyle , and yet be marks tbe 

.words with inverted commas in the margin , 

as if they were cited from Panzaoi. Meotoir^^ 

^fpecially when they are authentic, are net 

written in this manner; and it is plain tl|tt 

thefe memoirs are nothing more than fome 

comments of Dodd or of Mr. Beringten, iipoti 

fome letters , the authenticity of which rematitB 

yet to be proved. In the paflage teW before 

sue, the word humour is introduced, and 

]VIr« editor has affixed to it a note inexpreffibty 

impudent. Let the authemic memoirs be pro* 

iduced. Let us examine, if the word humour 

be in the original; let us know,by what word 

humour is exprtfled in the. Italian langus^. 

The copverfation between Windebank and 

Panxani, which has been fomuch obfiruAed, 

End is defigned to prepare fuch mighty events-^ 

to the great difappointment of the reader, is 

contemptibly flat , puerile and frivolous. They 

talk about catholics, about Bishops and about 

oaths, and Paozani does not fay a word, 

that is Worth remembrance. He makes no 

advances, nopiopo&ls; always unAeaning, 

frivolous and hefltating , he has the air of ti 

fcboolboy catcbed out of his bounds ; he has 

nothing to alledge for faimfclf, and beis haf^y 

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to 'eToipe mthoct being cfaiddeo. WiiHb* 
tnnks feemiog inclination to favour catholics 
J8 a mere pretence to introduce tbe biifiiie6 
of tbe Palatinate , in which he conceived ibat 
Panzanis agency might b^ of fome ufe; but 
neither Pmz^m, nor yet Mr. editor hin^ 
were keen enough to difcover his duplicity. 
Windebank iuffers the agent to fee the king, 
in fpite' of the Jefuits : here feme bows are 
made , followed by a fbene of ordinary draw- 
ing-room chat; and to this fucceeds a trivial 
converfation with the fecretary , who plaiidy 
dtfcovers that he has no opinion, either of tbe 
abilities or of the intereft of this cringing and 
awkward Italian. (*) What intereft had the 
Jefuits to obftru£^ fuch interviews 1 

In one of thefe trifling conferences, Wio- 
debank tells P^nzaoi, ^ thai the protefiant 
• clergy would never fuSer a popish Bishop 
V to exercife jurifdi^OQ in England. » Ct) 
When shall I be able to ceffe from reproa- 
ching this Mr. 3erington,withthoughtleffii^ 
and inconfift^ncy ^ If his Panzani wrote that 
fentence , wBy did he not , for his own 
credit, fmuggle it out of the memoirs aod 

»■■ ■ W I II I I ' * 

<* ) Su, pp. 14$. i4«. 150. tf^ (t) p. 146. 

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( ^15 ) 
(bpprers HI Why did be not rather Mush;, 
and blot out all the infolts which he has heaped 
upon the Popes and upon their fuppofed ad-^ 
vifers the Jefuits , when from the mod prudent 
motives they declined to fend ^&hops into 
England^ He has been told that one q£. 
thofe motives was, not to proyoke peHecHtioa 

by exafperating the proteilant clergy. 


iThe Jefuits and the other regulars are 

hufily unployed in alledging obje£lions againft. 

tlM appointment of a Bishop , . and Panzani 

returns difiinS anfwers to^thefe obje£lions. (*) 

Authentic memoirs would furely fpecify thefe 

obje£Uo08 and j^eport the diftinS: anfwers,. 

whidi were given to them- 1 will fearch 

for them, when Mr. editor shall produce 

his original papers « and I shall hope to dif- 

Cover fome of the i^ry odd methods ^ by which 

Mt. Panzani .here inform^ us, that the tz^ 

tholics alarmed, the nation. It is very odd^ 

that he has fpecified none of them in hiS; 

authentic memoirs} and it isfliU more odd^ 

that Mr. editor should fuffer hii^ in thifi 

place to attribute to the Jefuits jn Elifa^ 

beths reign, «^a fcheme to have the ca« 

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( ai6 ) 

w tholics governed by three or fbor Bisfaoptfl 
Mr* editor indeed tells us , ttiat « be to 
M found no documents to vouch for the tnnh 
ti of this aflertion ^ » but what documeotsbai 
he found to difprove iti And yet be Ins 
confiantly reprefented the Jefutts as profeftd 
enemies of the epifcopal cbarafler* 

In this part of the memoirs great fkvom 
lilt expe£led for catholics, ^ and the king 
n himfelf from an inclination to their caofei 
n is refolved to make them very eafy- » (*) 
Mr* Panzani and his editor are here 
egregioofly raiftaken. At no other period 
was the government more averfe to catholidtjf 
(unlefs perhaps a eathblicity modfelled ofl 
tlie ideas of a Mr. Blackloe or a Mr. Bet- 
ington ) than when the ambitiobs and caotii^ 
Laud was at the head of the church of Eo- 
gland and of the councils of its king. Tbe 
penal laws and the oath of allegiance were 
engines of government too predous to W 
ittrrendered ; and. during the weak admioiflw* 
tion of Charles, a facrifice of papifts wai 
always confi^ered by the court as the readkit 
means to purchafe a little ntbmentary ^^ 


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Ifrbm the hoftilities of the fepublfcan party. 
The Jefuits are alarmed at the fuppofed fk« 
vourable defigns of the king ^ and they redouble 
%% their a/kal language^ thit the Rbmao ca* 
^ tholic religioQ can never be reftoced but 
H by the fword. '^ Pan^ani remnids tfaems 
*that this conduft has «« too great an affinity 
ih to the deteflable contrivance of ^ the gua* 
^ powder plot; ^...,. but the Jefuits do trot 
wi&h for even » the total comrcrfipA flTEth 
H jgland with the deirimefit of their bk>d^i» u.« 
ihey are afraid of lofing u their landsi, their 
^ imerefl and dieir poi^.,'#iby ti^ cah^^th 
fion of the oationt i» iviheveas nowv "bjf^nne- 
m tbods peeoliar to ibemfelves , they beat 
M Up thek heads above all the fef^jii (it) 
Mr. editor produce your ai^mniff :itiefBQirs« 
If I find in them either this odious oonfenfe 
or the fubfequent report.. of PrnJcam of Fe- 
bruary 13^ 1635 9^1 will demonilrate froto 
them Without the help of other matei-ials^ 
that your Paneani and the few men, by whom 
he was befet, were a knot of rdfcalsT; iNid;! 
Will moreover prove ^ that you yourfelt^ib not 
believe what you have had the^affuWrtce' to 
publish and to tz^ auihimU\ Fye upon you 

(*0 Ofl4. %vA p. igu. 


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(2l8 ) 

Mr. edkor! it hac non vides non dipt 
ejfe (f6€uminta , fid. vana conviciaf (^) Yes, 
iSir« you. do fee it; though your wrttdxi 
Eanzam bad too little ftnfe to difcover,<)r 
too litde virtue to withftand the paffioos, tht 
iDtrigues and the views of the few bad meo, 
by' whom he was tnifled, aod whofe projeA 
you are attempting to realize* But probaU; 
im shalt» in fbme meafure , fave Ftezani 
-ciiidit^ by' tracing this infamous rubbish op 
.to Bfackloe, or Tome other individual of his 
finUlbut dangerous fa£):ion. I fzy agai^) 
pwdoce your memoirs, in the mean timet 
remefober^ that we sfaalt expert, intfaepre- 
'§Kt to your RtiraSathns , an accurate accoutf 
v.of' the Jefoits landed property in England in 
the- reign i>f Charles I, and a defcfipnoflof 
the moAods peculiar to themfilves > by which 
they bore^np their heads above all the reft. 

. The letter of Gardinal Barberini, (t)i«» 
good reproof to his inbpid agent Pan^aois ^ 
It qught^ to have operated as a check upon 
the .ju!bnfiderate editor of the memoirs. The 
Cardijpal chides the man for being hta^ 
.with the^ perfons, who maintained and apP^ 

^*> S. Aug. €9ntra Li$. fa. c. 51. (f) P- ^5*- 

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( ax9 ) 
vcd the oath of allegiance. We know wild 
tbofe nieo were, and what was their worth. 
He well deferved to be reprimanded for 
herding with fuch company. The provincial 
Blond^gave him a reproof for it ; but be feems 
not to have mended his? manners* (*) By the 
evidence of his employer Barberim ,. be is a 
paltry agent ; his meafnres , whatever they 
may be, are totally inefTefbiaU they are even 
injurious to Rome and to its rights ; and his 
snemojrs hitherto confift only of uninterefiing 
prattle and fenfelefs falfehoods to difcredit the 
Jefuits. If he wrote and afled in this man- 
ner , he was no ilatefinan ; he was miferab^y 
duped by the British court, which contemned 
him , and he fought to cover the bad fuccefs 
of his creeping politics , by flandering the Je- 
fuits, whom he could not deceive. It was a 
weak refourcej and it will not avail Mr.Be- 
rington for the purpofe of difguifing the de- 
feats which he has experienced , in the pro- 
fecution of his now dete£led proje£ls. 

Who can bear to fee, Panzaoi conferring 
with the fecretary of fiate , about a Latin 
book written by a friar , for whom ^nd for 

(^) S9€,BloniiUtur !» D^U Vol. III. p* I5> ^ 

£e a 

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( MP ) 

whofet^odctfaerecretary felt not tfie ffigi»l 
concern 1 (♦) Nay even the king isirriiai 
about this book : (t) the monarch of EogM 
IS offended 9 becaufe F« Davenports Deus /fa* 
turn & graiid is diflike fi 

Mn Berington is not f( ^ 

believe, that George II ^ 

canfe our Bishops have I ^ 

Memoirs of Pan\ani. Vi ^ 

xani is! . The man can do nothing but iofulc 
the Jefuits. He agrees withiWindebank, tte 
t» if there were no Jefuits , ahlinipn with Rome 
t» might eafily be effefled ; n and he infonv 
him , <« that the Pope will facrifice thefe J^ 
t» fuits, on the profpeft of fo fair an acquifr 
» tion. >» (.§) This is faying in one fentcnce, 
that the Jefuits were enemies of a re-uaiofl 
of England with the church ; that the Pope 
had an intereft in fupporting thefe felf-iiu^ 
reded enemies of catholicity ; and that the 6- 
crifice of the Jefuits is a meafure conducitrc 
to the advancement of catholic religioO' Wk^ 
will fay , that Mr. Berington is not a c(0' 
prehenfive writer ? The facrifice of fhc J^ 
fuits has been fince made; and when Mr.^ 
Tington shall have demonftrated the ad^J*' 

4*) p. t<55. (t)p. i?r. (S)p.i^^' 

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< •*! ) 

'tagei which hate accrued from It t6 csHfuflft 
religion , I will rei^eccho hi$ apptaufe of that 
meafure. In the mean tine. I will obfcrve^ 
that the Pope^ who qarried it imo eaecutioo; 
iias firiflly and under the fevered eenftfres^ 
forbidden all the Faiibfal^ to infult, to reTfti 
and to fpeak ill of the Jefuitt^ whom/ he def* 
troyed. Probably Mr* Berington is not coa^ 
ceroed in that fbrbiddance* 

Our impartial mediator continues through 

many pages to revile all the proceedings of 

the Jefuiis^ but he never informs us what 

thefe proceedings were ^ nor in what refpeft 

they were faulty. How can Mt. editor be 

certified upon fdcb evidence, that that coth 

du& was not as correal ^ as that of their op* 

pooents? Why; could not fecretary Cat> 

tington be as honed a man , as Windebanlc% 

or the earning Laud^ The two latter indeed 

were declared, enemies of the Jefuhs; but 

why then does the mediator ^ who had bee« 

forUdden by his mailer to jdifiutb the Je^ 

fuitSj O comiriually deal with their ene» 

mies? He is apprdienfive^ that Cottingtoa, 

being a firiend of the Jefiiits, would rgveai hi$ 

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( aoft ) 
ficms. (^) lo truth, if his fecrets iwre not 
more important than thofe, which are mwM 
|n the memoirs , no minifier of ilate would 
9R3b either to charge his memory ivith tbem^ 
or to repeat them to others. lo all his ne^ 
gociation^ 1 cannot difcero either objefl^ oc 
propofal, or.concefiion, or candour , or bo- 
oefiy 9 or fubtlety , or addrefs ; the whole is 
reduced to fome ordinary prattle , and to 
unceafing calumnies and abufe of the Jefoits. 
One fentence however undoes a confiderable 
part qH all that has been faid againft tbefe 
men. What reproaches have they sot endured , 
firom the firfi appearance of F. Parfons , ^ 
the period of Paozanis agency 4 for the oxi- 
des which they are faid to have oppofed to 
die appoidtctent of Bishops! At prefent the 
impoffibility of obtaining Bishops is found 
to arife from a very different quarter. The 
king declares, «• that neither his Bishops, nor 
n his miniflers. (and friend \Vindebank was 
91 one of them ) would hearken to any liich 
n propofal i nor was it poffibte to move the 
fi king from his refolution, his chief favourite 
n and coonfeltor v the archbishop of Canter- 
9 bury , keeping him clofe to the point. i> (t) 
■ ^ , -^ 

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( aas ) 

^he dull oegociator will however (till condmie 
to infult the Jefutts for hindering the appoint<> 
ment of Bishops , and he will not even dif** 
cover , that the fmall degree of civility ^ 
%vhich has been hitherto shewn to him^ arofe 
merely from political interefi , concealed under 
the appearance of epifcopal negociations. 

In this place a new charaAer, a father 
Philip, enters upon the ftage, and Mr. edi'- 
tor afTures us, that he is a perfon of great 
penetration. («) He has already peeped from 
behind the Scenes ; but now he comes forward 
to wfite a letter, and this letter is nonfenfe 
in its very ternis. Who is this F. Philipt 
What cotemporary hidorian vouches for the 
great penetration of F. Philip^ 1 have made 
' (boie enquiries for F. Philip; but t cannot 
difcover any eminent man of that name, ex- 
cepting the father Philip, who figures in the 
fiory of the geefe , which I formerly read at 
fchool at the efkl of the French grammar; 
and by the importance of their chara£lers and 
the penetration of their reafoning , I fufped ^ 
that tbefe two FF. Philip are in reality only 
one and the fame man. F. Philip informs us; 
that the puritanical houfe of commons held 

(*) p. i8«. 

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<114 ) 
fiicfa abfolute (Way, that no union ^th Rodt 
cottid be expected ; yet if a recip^oca^ ageoej 
between Rome and London were fet oo foot, 
he thinks that this re-union may be efiefied 
f?. PhiHp penetrates at once to the bottom of 
the difficulty , and be proves in one letter^ 
. that Windebank is a rogue , and that Barbedo 
and bis Panzani are two iimpletons. I fufpeft 
that F. Philip wished to be employed in ths 
reciprocal agency; and indeed a fmall degree 
of penetration (bfficed to difcover , that the 
mifcarriage of Panzani hitherto was to be 
afcribed princi{>ally to his want of commoa 
underftanding f and of common honefly. * I am 
fickof his filly conferences with Windebank, 
and I have the comfort to know , that F. Philip 
will henceforward zQ. as confiderable a part 
as Panzani himfelf. 

F. Pliilip fieadily keeps in vielv the great 
bufinefs of the reci(M-ocal agency , and be is 
as a£live and decHive in ftate affiiirs , as ever 
Cardinal Allen and Paribus wene in bofmefi 
,of fimilar import* He traces out the qualides 
requiOte in the new agent; and thefe qualities 
would fuit a dancing -mailer, much better 
than an envoy ftom the Pppe. (*) All this 

(•) p. X88. 


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t ^45 ) 

^art !s very agireable, but it evidently bdon^ 
to the mefttoirs of iF. Philip; nor can 1 con- 
ceive upon what principle of jiiilice Mr. edi- 
tor robs F. Philip of his property, (b 
befio^ it iipon that 'ddll fefldie Pari^ran^. 
iBvery tttiilg is n^w in ihotibh; the coia^r^ 
thickens; trnd we- Have hei'e aifothfer gre^t 
inan, a Mr. Mdirtifgiie^, Who isfuddenly cott- 
Veited to -the caihoitic religion , 6oiy ty oncfe 
lacking at the ftcfe 6f t^rbtih VIH. <*) Afc 
bgeiTcy at Rooie is ^t lei^gtU deterttiihed , atiuL 
What a bbftle abbtit cbdbfing ihe iig^iii! f 
>tvished for t. Philip '\ btit tielltjckily % -tooft 
be'aiaytaan, dtflMft the agency "^j^ ndt 
be reci{)r6cdl ih'^li itk jxiintisf lor a 'laytoa'h 
>«^as ejcpefteii Frdn'Rbiiife , inftfead of Pahi^nl', 
"becaufe ihe vJ-ife 'jjrojiflfcirs oF tHe plah h^ft 
lagrefed , that » a fayman 'wt(6ld be -jhe fitttift 
•» perfon to teriltiiiikte 'the difptrtes beiirefeh 
^ the clei'gy and tte Yegiilats: *(*) Tfeb 

(4) p. ij^i. ST asy increduloQ3,wi^,^liQul<t doubt of 
this truly pqplib miracle, \et ^im reflect ^ .thSit it has the 
^jime authenticity , as the meimoirs iKemfelvei^, fct^ which 
%li; editor vouches, -kis feW- Aiuft wot W ftalffeiited', 
bi^mreithis.^eKilemanMtas 4a<igHed ;at popish nirs^est .in 
his juvenile .wmks»^.Uje ia. now mature in age» and is 
going to Write a book of RctraSsthns. , , 

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(226 ) i 

^pth oF this wife mopve feems for onceti 
have escaped the penetration of P. PhiC{M 
but he ) with his ufual fagacity , oppofes ck 
nomination of Mr. White, becaufe he is a 
friend of the Jefuits ; while the fecretarj 
Coitiogton-^ oppofes fome one elfe^ becaiife 
he is an enemy of the^ Jefuits, and of tki 
Spaniards. . ,Mr. editor may flatter him&ff 
that all this will be fwallowed by igooran 
perfpns ; k makes riaflexion fmile. Neidier 
Jefuits » nor Spaniards , nor fecuiar , nor regular 
prieftsy nor Bishops ^ nor catholics were die 
petfons concerned in. this agency; the cooxt 
had .neither imereft in .their differences^ nor 
compaffion for their, fufferings. It y^s merdy 
a political attempt tp engage the intereft of 
the catholic powers in favour of the kings 
nephews, who were 4il^pQflie0ed of the Pala- 
tinate of the Rhine; and it was imagined, 
that by flattering the, ^o^e, fome progrefi 
might be made in this negociatioti. The iof« 
troftions' given to Mr. Brett , who is at 
length appointed' agent , evidently prove, that 
the court had no other view; (*) and the 
means j^ which it en^ployed, were well fuited 
to that shallow :policy , by wfaitii ail its mea- 

- — » ■ - i . 

(*) p. 206. - 

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fares were -direifed. It was however deep 
enough to deceive poor figflor Paal'ani^ and 
•ven his admirer Mr. Beriiigton ; tfaougfar this 
latter gentleman has rehted fads, which de- 
monfirate, that the king and his midifters 
had no inclination to Yavotiir the cathidic reli* 
gidn^ even when their own intereft was con- 
cerned. For although a negociation fbr a. 
marriage between the'kiibg of Poland aiid one 
of the Palatine princefies was among the pri* 
mary eommiffions given to Mr. 'Brett r yet 
when the Polish king propofed that the princefsh 
should embrace the catholic religion , the 
condition was rejected, withdnger and difd^n,. 
by Charies and his ininiders; (^) nor did 
they ever ceafe to emplby the vile policy of 
facrificing innocent catholics , to hush the 
clamours and to pacify the refentments ofthe 
ptrritans. The embafiy of Mr. !Brett was a 
paltry (late trick, ana it deferves to be re* 
corded , only as a counterpart of thp embafly, 
which was fent into Spain , in favour of babjr 
(Charles, by James I. It has howevef^ dif- 
played the penetration Of F. Philip, ahd iht 
judgment of Mt.Berington. "^ V 

C* ) p. 209. 

Ff a 

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( aa9 \ 
^ I Qn^t nwi^ extraoeous mzttcf^ lo oidet 
to fatiep upoQ imporQnjt ey eq^. Emba^fadqa 
apd the PafatUiai^^ q^^ihs 9^4 the re-uai(N\ 
of chi^rchc^, j^sbops ?9d pf lefts » Jfefuus aQ4 
regular are now ^iterjy fprgptfei) tbrQogb 
f^veral^gesi, iD pr4^ tq,,o]imn a Cardioali 
hat fof 9 .new and uqeji{>eQ^4 P^rCbiQ^get 
9^ Mr» Coon, (♦)^, v^ej-y great iqmc 
though by .fi^me nej^^u^si diftraf£l3Q0 oC 
IMfr. edUoi, n/i^ pa^jt of ij^^r. Co»np great at- 
€hievefi)(;iii;s i^ any w^^e displayed. Indeed. 
I; pity thJB JVIr- Coiiff. A^ bis bufioe^ i% 
to prociicie a., red b^t, and, in tlus bsii«Qilejrf^ 
juirfuit^ 1^. Conn H^ cg^^}^^^\ly dUappoiq* 
tfd. l\ir. e^nns mff4^y^,^ ^ \^fi ^^% 
HJljt. editor i was ut\(Ur a fffifikh. ^'i^ 
hanc^ a^ tih^ jrefijfol pf ^h? ];e4'^;it4 « l^Q^, 
n ev«K .i^ £fp]^ xkfi% m bis cbanf^r oi^ 
w tbajra(?coupt. « (t). If is aj ausl^noi^^ Ut^ 
Qdr. e^iitpr^ I^as nqt ^fpfjined u^ in tbi^ pjacci 
what tljiss gbara^er pf fl^^ Coinn was i aod^ 
we s^ iiqit even ^ara ^ j^pyi Vfi. ibiug 
that Mr.- ^9?n M^\ V^^i^Wi in t^ cojorie of 
the pt9y. Mr* editor ba$ pffrliap^ ouiitt^ed itt 
on pur^fe to indicate, byi ^IVtinied £leocet 
that modefiy was the principal ipgredicpt io 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

tpe charad^er of Mr. Coon; bui^ ftJU it !^ 

painful to us to fee modefy fiiffering JenfibU 

d'ifiurbance , cfpecially wheo this mi(chief might] 

have been eafily prevented, by only givfng a. 

red hat to Mn Conq, 1 expcfted that iigoor 

Pan2ani would exert his influence to obtain. 

a red hat for Mr. Conn ; but Panzanis neg^r. 

ciations in England have been hitherto fp per- 

feflly iniignificaot, that even Mr^ Montague ^^ 

the chief proteQor of the difiufbed mod^fiy o^ 

Mr. Conn, JMr. Montague, who, without^ 

the pdnetraiion of Ip. Pl]ilip *,hs^s difcoyeredv 

the truth of the catholic religion , only by 

' looking in the f^ce of TJrb^n VUJ ; ca|niu)t 

now difcoyef what has be?n the pbje^ of 

J^anzanis original m\^\otL He millakes th^ 

matter fo far , a^ to declare , v^ that Papzani 

» had bjeen fbnjc into England purpofely tq^ 

« obftruft the promotion, of Mr. Conn. « (*^ 

Poor iVIr. Copn! Indeed he is ill ufed. Ijt 

Mr. Conn had been ? pQmppusi blockhead of 

a Jefuit, like F, Petr.e, rexrpmwe^xjedi by a 

bigot like; Jan^e^ II; we ^igbt h^ve fpniul 

fon^ cotpibrt in ktwg hup foiled in hi$t 

expeGatiojps ofa, red hat, even by t;^a^, 

ilobbering bppby 'S^ftmHr V^^ to ifri^hp^cl 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

a red hat from Mr. Conn; to give Jif^Uk 
difiurbance to the modefty of Mr. Conn, k 
cruel beyooii meafure; and yet Mr. Berio^toQ 
15 fo hardhearted, as to rob Mr* Conn even 
of his own memoirs^ to which all this interefi- 
ing hiftory belongs , and to befiow tb^ credit 
of them upon his favourite Pan^ani ^ who 
perhaps was fent into ^England , merely to 
liinder Mr. Conn from obtaining a red hat. I 
hope that Mr. Berington will have confcience 
enough tt) make reftitution, before next eaf^ 
ter , to Mr. Conn. 

The famous agreement between the clergy 
and the regulars paffes again under my eye« 
To what I have already faid about , it I wiK 
add my aftonishment , that Mr. Berington^ 
who difallows the right of the pQpe to inter- 
fere in our eoclefiaflical government and dif- 
cipline , can fee no impropriety in the conduft 
of hi^ Panzanr, who, without any commif* 
iion , prefumes to cut and to carve for all, to 
e^aft , to prefcribe and to cenfure , evea 
where no fpecific charges are brought for* 
ward. He acknowledges ^ that his own court 
» of Rome was filent on the fubjeA of the agree* 
« ment , neither declaring for it nor aj 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M it. » (^}Uaqueftionably the court of Rome 

qould not countenance fuch a proceeding; 

but what shall we think of the impudence of 

it3 agent in England, who prefumes to in*- 

fult. and revile thofe , who wisbed to imitate 

the prudent reftrve of the court of Rome, 

aqd to fubfcribe oo unmeaning deeds of agreer 

'ment on points , which Rome had refervedfor * 

Its own decifion"^ The penetrating f. Philip 

difcovered in an inftant, n that the filenu 

V of Rome was tf declaration in fiivourofthe 

f) Jefuits. ^> (t) I acknowledge that this was 

a difcovery beyond the reach of an ordinary 

geniusi but'any log , undifceming as Panzani^ 

might have concluded, that the court of 

Rome, by its fijence, intimated approbdtioa 

of the Jefuits condu^^ and this conclufion 

was carried to evidence by an^ order, which 

the court of Romefent to Panzani, to fup;* 

|>refs, as z fiandalous wriUng^ a manifefia 

published by a few turbulent men, in which 

this very conduA of the jefuits was bitterly 

blamed and reviled. ( $ ) But Panzani la 

fpeaking of their condufl, everywhere adopts 

the lahgu9ge ef this manifeflo; he even has 

theaffurance tp attribute it to the clergy, (J) 

I I a I I II ■ ■■ . I » 

COp.aaS. (t)p.a29. (§) p.p. "a, ia8, (J)p.aa7. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC _ 

khi he imputes the approbation of the court i 
ftoait to the qvergrown poifrer and to the ftoAu 
inftuence, Which the Jefuits had obtained. 
In a tirord, the Jefuits are itifulced by pinad 
and by Mt Beriogton ; they are juftified bj 
the Pope anfi b^ the dourt of. Rome Th 
feader may determine, on which iiJehooourt 
probity, juftlce aind religioa are likely to be 

It is a relief ttf quit this fuTky Italiao^aol 
to meet once more the amiable name of of 
favoarite Mt. Conn. . This fVeet man is * 
length appointed, agent at London ; but onf* 
tonately neither his general iherir, n0f p 
his modefty cah fct'eeft him from the furtj 
jealoufy of out urimahnerly tro^atrytfefli 
iirho brtitishly diflike him , becaufe he b > 
Scotfman. And yet Mr. Cotin ( for at leogo 
we find a feiW ft rokes of his chatafter ; irds hd 
gracefdl in his perfoh and difa'bte in his cbover- 
ration , Wert acquainted With courts , vA « 
flrift morsilsj (*) not to miehtton hh tjacoa- 
toon raddeRy, ¥.Kith Kiftory dots oot Jf^ 
to have betn 6Yer ^ifiwbed^ feic^ting 6y '** 
tefSfal of the fed hat « IdJieca, • &?* 

-C*>P-34. - ^^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Tyrr. editor, ( for 1 will tok hmtte-'^ 

a -ifrord of all this belong[s 'to PattatA ) 

v> Mr. Cbnn was exctllemly ^oali0^fbr'th6 

w ofBcQ, to wbich he Wa« appdhttid-^ «i ^*) 

but by a deplor«l>)e fiegleA, Mr.'i<iBt{^. hfM 

not prorkkd aay bonnets' ^fb^ Mr.-€^-tb 

Tpettorati -Mr. ConiY lH>ids tab 'coiKmMiM 

^th . Windebaok , h^* ttizkes'n& iHpiiiii t^ 

Barbeffni'^ hedoes iidt «V«ttf a&tffitlltf^elllitH 

or talk about ostthi' 4ft ilK'ualiMi l^^lft®tf> 

glish church With Rome; -^ the union hskd 

now utreriy vanished'frbflofdi^ politick raun- 

tWi of the cKAirt; tftr nci^rocal s^emS ^ 

other bufin'efs upon ^hi^r faaVidi* aAd Aie'tiMi(& 

was lift to \k «fiefted ftlelj^ \:^ ^Vwi!/^ 

of ^ JefMtk.' PariimiF h'(M;e>^er^i» rf« 

M eonfikncj^ Which • 'wa's* always cdtalf|>}claoiit 

v» in Ws condua; »?i*f)'RiiI keeps the utiioti 

in fight; and htjrpeMes\ (hit ilffpiWof hii 

labours to eftba'ft « >< It 'will be r^rd«d (^ 

»» the reRoiars, erpeciafiy by Ihe Jefdits, fet 

b tlie Me of theiV '^Miniptfvitt^ei'^ iAti 

* exetnptipns^ n ($)' Tliii fpicofailibn''^^ 

a coniifaeitt ; an^ Wfied M/.' Editor J^bn^ft£> 

*he riittbotrs o^ Mh Cbiid or of jjt Philip., 

tie #iH have a fair oppbrtiinity to fp^ci^'%e/b 

- • •• " " " ■ -^ 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

< f S4 ) 

|el«itical privileges 9 ^nd w shew how dxy 
militatie ygainft the re^efltaUishoieijt <^ aim^ 
licity yioore than the privileges which he lihi- 
felf b^. affumed^ of raHipg agaiofi^. Popes, of 
^d^pyiing U^eirfupremacyyofproteftiog^gaii^ 
^i$^P99>of mocking at their autboricy, of 
coi^eimiiog t|)Ciir ipjonflions ^ aod o£ in{Joiaag 
^s brethren^ who neithfr . claim thefe pmi- 
jbsgi^ OOF conceive that he has any Wamac 
40t)irrogace them to bimfelf* 

^ ^ As !?• I'hiiip had recommended a redpio- 
f^ agency » ^t.jU pfoperio pbfervc io d» 
jpifi^^itl^ wWle,,IVIr^ Cpnn^tws upon his 
^ad : to |Lctp|<^oiii5 Jp ;ife?fpl?- of; a, red- hat; 
)(i/!ff.|j(»fiulton,aipther£^^^ ^offinefigiae 

99 atu! of agreable and.witty coayeri^on ^^C) 
^ough as much Jpferi^f. to J^Lr. Conn io 
^pd^itjy as ^e was to P^ t^hilip in penetia* 
|iai>>iAvas« upon 'the death of ft!|r. Brett^ 
^^inte4 relident ot t^gent at Rome ; (f) and 
ji^e are ioforraed^ thai;,?* t^e Jefiutv were par* 
n Jicul^iy diflatisfiefl with;thi$ agency, n (J) 
]tf this.l^e fp, Ix givfs me a.^vourable opinion 
of the Abilities and political difcermpent of tbe 
• ^efi^its, XH^y, certainly had discovered ^ what 

C»^p. W , iV »/*: : ; (*)P' ^»^: 

Digitized by VjjOOQIC 

tliat#ideQk Paozani dad :oo^ (brpeft^ tint ^11 

the boftfe aboot Bishops and oatl^ldnd Jfe^ 

iuits acid ooioa of cbntclies y wiu^txtem 

political }^fsg\e^ of the king and die^craftf 

^Vindebanks who havwg iffctth litcte tfooWe 

deceived the sbortHfigbted Paozaoiv evp€£ted? 

to impofe upon .the Po|>e vtitb equal cafe ^ 

and by thtOwiog put the iolfe iore cAfiitorA 

fBvdun to catbotics^; hop^ to ettga^^fair 

intereft for the reflolratioa. of/ the Palatitte 

liEimily. Indjeed every peribti , who baa laoked' 

iato English biftory ; ( Mr. editor atone 

excepted) is acquaiiited with the nfSferabtaf 

fyfiem ofcreepiog polilms, whicl> Jamestaiid 

bis foe C3iarles purfned opbn this pbiati ^Not 

daring .to aflert with fortitode the caiife of 

)the ejefled princes , they addrefled tbcmfetver 

atone t^ne to the Empetor^ at another tioM 

to the . Ensperors emoiies; the weakbefs of 

thdif sieafures was every inhere difc^med^ 

and they were every wliere>contenined9 deeel*" 

ved and difappoioied. {f)' Not long befdrtf 

die appearance of Piinzaoiih England , Charlee 

had negodated a treaty of friendship and 

'j- ■ " - f — ' ii- - -*— ^1 — ^^^^-^—^^ — -^»-i — - — ' 1- 1^... : ^i__^ 

(*) St» Hifi. iu TraiU it mfipbalU; T. ). 'pp'/ 149. 
169. a36. Ami T. II. i p. 5. ad p. 16. Locych RefrGtr\ 
i. Xn. i.. I. Luwf e^. 4'ktiig. Ch«T. I. : • ' 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

COtmnercffVirUh l^in ^ (^) and fiifl 
fin^ded by thedmd«i£k of the SpaoBh Qoan 
3Q the bufioeis of hisHoieaded isatofa wtt 
|^eiafa«la^ be i^oiatlttded^ that by the wt- 
ceffion of the JRc|»e to the Spanish imeireft, 
the^coQcerDSof tbePalatjaMe voidd at lengA 
Ije .frftied to his JatisfiUUon. The mtsj 
MiVi liMQtitcM hnfDediatftlfr iMreaks tbe bi- 
fintfrtiQi the Pepb4 aaii-he recetves. from 1m 
tniaiifwer^ which cM^ Pcriogton lay^ ttm 
9i his. did. dot veIIviindpi^aBd..» ( f ) It vai 
hoiweivet very intelligible even vAth ordimiy 
yedetmioni aodifMiv Beriogioa^ ctonot aom 
<tQiP(Mreheiid it, he .viU' never jbe fie to coib< 
nedt andip publisfa; th)e mempirs ^F; Wn6^ 
The Jefiiits, who iindiecfiood tbe Popea n» 
atng^: had; good tvafoqr^ta be dffiitisfied wiih 
ztk^gwey^i in ^Khicha pretended regacd Ac 
eathoHc' religion y^w fei forward by: a meae 
and f9lf7feekfng: courts to advantt the Imb 
^Qfl^Vi In tereAs of: the' fcjtig 4 tb^ had reaeRai 
tobe idilfatttififd it^ith tbedQ)a{»dicy of Banaa, 
«^ba»:tbQ«gh enlightemd b^ F.Philip, coold ' 
Aot penetrate, this trath } and ab^e all « 
they had teafon .ta be diflatisfied^ to fee this 
wQnhljpf^ agent facrifice the true intere^s (f 



^of catholic' rdligidiQy by ^ ^fSMttteMnerflg ' tSft 

prpjeQs of a kW teftlefsandambittous pnefts^ 

whom the* clergy and tbe^ Were thiis left 

to copibatv wd ov«r WhofB^ itt' th(i etnli 

they triu<o({Aied* k was fome comfort fbr 

them to ob&r^e the PopeVv^Ho ttt ohce faw 

through the paltry Intrigue v e^eavdurin^ 

fit \ftzfk to dra^'from it AdM advantage iot 

catbolvt religion} but th^y 'certainly did riot 

^otsefta^ ttot the Pope atid they themfelvek 

were to'heinfuUed by fui^h ledrtyed inen at 

j|\Sr« Beiii^tim' and his piicfdnj- od account 

of a mif&fciaget "which was oCcafioned ontj|' 

liythekflaiery of other«..(*=y *Mr. Bertegtiw 

imd hii ptfttwa i^y both y^^udy hiilb^y. '^* 

When I mdifinqgk tbe feeon^ readjng^of 
fhe^gV?!^^^ i<meain t^^^scdpt the thref 
pQOft^l f9n^nf:e«> betweq; Panaani wd tl^ 
Bishop of .if hjfiheftcir ^.' wbi(ch[ np : pwieopf 
could ppffibly wthftawl, Ifiom ivm ih^n 
Qver^ tto' ^iJveiat tbe>m^' intfcel^iog feeof 
?n; the wl^ol^ b^jj wbi<^s Mr^, e4y9r bw. 
judicioufl y ref erved for the denoiument de la 
piece ^ as thegildiqgof the gingerbread is kqit 
10 beeateateijt. What apreity ^ a&^gfiory \ 

-»— *- 

(♦) *f Furfin ciflM* P« '4'« "4^- > 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( as? ) 
Jff^w familiars bow eptert^usitss! lABni nureo^ 
a}»ow ariiver fropi Rome i (^).ftQd ic is all a 
jprerent fm tl^ Queen; ^n^ jdia news of it 
peaches J^^dqtk^ and the king is iflipatieot 
to fi^e it; and; the Que^ is lying in; and 
|Mir. Paqzjini .bi;ing9 all the: fioei things to d» 
Qtoeens b^^chanlier ; and all the ladies of 
qqality crowd ia to fee tbtm^ and the king 
with all his sobles baflens to the Queens 
Ipalace; and the boxes are opened and tbs 
fitcet are viewed one by one i and Mr« Conn 
comes iq'( though. dill .witbaut.a red hat) 
to f^tisfy the Queeqs curiotityi asd Mr* Coon' 
}iS^g*. IVPre fine piAures ; (t) and h0# 
all tl}}s entefRuoed Mr* .Serwgtops Uttk 
nieces, when they read un^le$ new book io 
the nurffty! ahd h6w glad Sir John Throck- 
SBMton is tttifeeib nkudhcuribvk mtmrpiMishei 
tea printed bbbk! <$) and M#.' Conn fees 
the king ^md- the Queen ef^l'rance; anH 
IMr. PautaHi takes leave of the Queen of 
England « (for hew could *he oiooit it) and 
die Queen begs a red hat ifor ]Mbr.'Conn;(S) 

• (•) p. aso. Ct) past* 

. < $ ) *^ nuoams Qittndin MSS. is Dods papers . . . .ceottft 
ii much curious matcer^ sod I hope will be given to ckQ . 
^ public, n Fufth. Confide p« i^« 
O) ?••»«. • ' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( ^39 > 

and Mr; Com dauft firft do feme figntl 

ikrvice to the church ; O abd the King 

talks about Mn Conds red hat; (f) and 

the Queen gixres Mr. Panzani t fine dia* 

tnond ring; and Mr; Pansani takes leave 

Off all the minifters; and he pay^ Us refpe^ 

to the ladies of the court; and the ladiies 

fend their compliments to the Pope» and 

they beg Mr. Panzatifis bleffing^ It was 

the eiid of die year 163^. <5) Sh ixpIUii 

Pray , Mr* editor , hvbwi vs quickly widr 

the memoirs of Mn Conn. They muft 

contain much curious matttr. Mr. Dodd and 

Sir John Throckmorton may perhaps be 

able to furnish you the materials ^ irhich yo^ 

may want. The negociation in favour of the 

cadiolic religion has yet made no progrefs 

under the ' management of the* blundering 

' Panzani; biit fae is now replaced by a perfon^ 

ncellently gualified for the office , and you haVc^ 

informed Us^ ttiat his red bat depends entirely 

upon the •i^nal fervices 9 which he will render 

to the cfaurdi. . J^dge theti^ Sir; how impt*' 

tient}all English^ eatbolics^ are' to ki!iow the* 

(•)P*a5S. Ct)p. ajr. CSViwii ' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

< ^40 ) 
fefulc of Mr. Coons negociaUons , 9nd d^* 
daily to learn, whether be was debarred from 
interviews with Windebank, hf tbfi intrigues 
of thofe eternal enemies of catholiciry , the 
Jefuits. Your concife numoin of Pttn^ani coa^ 
tain only preUminary informatiaAi; they are 
no more than a Prtfatp or. in Imrb^iiSian to 
the real hiftory , o^, wbicb yoii^ are now enter* 
ingi and if you fail to compile 4it, y6u will 
alfo fail to attain the great eiid* of all yoor 
labours ; for you have aflured us , that .«* yoitf 
f> inuntions in publishing memioirs , (and yoa 
n af:eaiAa&eriothekn9ckofgood]otentiOfii)>^ 
are to infbrrh and ttf inflruS tbanklbd;^ C) 
• • . , •■ - ^ . \. . 

In expe^ation 9f ihefe ip&tv£tton$^ I muft 
now beg leave .^. fpcafc » word to BiAop 
Smidi of Cl^lc^doji^ who plays an inferior 
part in this third aA; becaufe upon the crecfit 
of the mf^rmaifon ^ which 1 bava httherto oin 
tained , 1 have (aid that his cdnduA appean 
to roe to ha>ve Jbeen indHbreet* h is indeed 
of little c^eQiKifcfc at the prefent tiWi 
wl^e^hfr prittfened or ambstibnr |(uid*d ^ 
fUps; butit i^of forme importawa'to sb^< 
that Mr. Betingto^t i^tnwhin1ui$^ir^rtiSiH 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( *4t ) 

Vhiinitini^ is^ (ahdoobteclly without any ^d 

Intention) an un&ir hifiorian, undeferring of 

t£rOuntenan(ie or of credit, t am very willing 

to admit , that the Bishop of Chalcedon was 

a prelate refpedable for bis learning and for 

the merits of his {Private charaftet; but I 

afiett, that in his epifcopal capacity, he fee 

forward pretenfions^ tsrhich he Was not war* 

k^anted to advance ; and the Qifchieft', which 

enfiied from them , will for ever ptove his 

Steprcrdence. In a word, heaiTumed th6 title 

of^ Epifcopas ordinafius Artglidt & SmitA , witb 

alt the Canonical ris;hts and prerogatives of at 

diocefan Bishop. He would exercife ordinary 

jurifdiftion, though the head of the chufch 

had vefted him Witb iele^ated\\st\{d:\(X\oik Only. 

Since Mr. Berington received a letter front 

the clergy ofthe weftern diftrid, in 1792, (*) 

he may Iperhaps tinderftand the meaning of 

there tierms. If the Bishop of Chalbedon had 

been duly authori2lsd to eftablisb himfetf in an 

epifcopal fee with ordinary diocefan powers^ 

in this realm; undoubtedly the mifllonersbf 

the regular orders would have been highly 

biameable , in declining to ^Id to him the fame 

(*^) See a Litur io the RR. Tkcm. Fl^mn^ 9c. in afifioe^ 
i$ sMr hu addnfi 19 fBc catholic energy. Cogli1<iil^r7^a« 


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( ^4^ ) 
fobje£^ion in the exercife of their fpiritual pow- 
ers 5 which they every where yield to dioce£u 
Bishops « in confequence of the canons of Trem. 
But it was a truth, proclaimed by the 'Popt 
bimfelf , that Bishop Smith was not a diocefan 
ordinary ; and the Pope had not judged it ex* 
pedient, in the ftate of catholicity , which he 
then found in England , to eftablish in favour 
of a non - diocefan , the economy which pre- 
vails in the ordinary diocefan difcipUtof; («) 
He had not enjoined fuch dependence ani fish- 
jedion, to the regular miflioners, nor had he 
empowered the Bishop of Chalcedon to exaft 
it. I'he regulars were individually apoflofi* 
cal miflionaries , under commiflions ifllted by 
their own fuperiors; and when the Bisbqi 
undertook to require from them the depen* 
dence and fubmiflSon due to ordinaries 9 they 
confidered his condufl as an encroachment 
upon their rights. If authority is always juilly 
jealous of its prerogative ^ fubje£ls are equally 
tender of privilege ; and no difcreet foperiort 
whofe powers are determined, will be temp- 
ted J even by the appearance of good, to 

(tf ) The perfoo, ivbo cannot difcover Che mntifes ibr 
not cAablishingyJac that time, diocefiin Bishops 10 So- 
(hnd , will not be well qualified to write the hiftoiy of 
(be EogUsh acholic chorch of the Uft century^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( Hi ) 

traofgreff \he limits, Which are marked The 

greatefi moderation was the more to be re* 

commeoded io the fituation of Bishop Smith , 

bccaufe he had been an a£live leader in the 

party of the appellants , which none of the 

iregulars favoured ; and having been promoted 

to the hfgheft ftation over the heads of all his 

opponents, he might have judged, that no- 

thing but mildnefs and Moderation could win 

them to his government, and eonfolidaie a 

lading peace. I guefs that bis coQdinQ was 

very generally diflikef!, Dodd kifortt»fus, 

that the Jefuns libelled Bishop Soiithi; and be 

particularizes one pamphlet, written by a Je« 

fuit againfi him, with the title of liefp^nfio ad 

^uMndam magnum ptcAatum. u This- boo4c ;* 

91 (ays Dodd, raifed a persecution againfi tha 

M Bishop from all hands, and was a leading 

f» card to fet the laity and regulars , and alfo 

9) the gov|Sfnment againft him : fo that few 

n being, willing to receive him into their fa- 

91 mities, he was tofied about, till he was 

M forced to leave the kingdom in 1628; C^) 

When Dodd wrote this paflage , hte bufineOr 

wias to daft odium upon the Jefuits,- not to 

be impartial. He gives no account of the 

(*) Jic. P#/, p. 213. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

cootetiti of the pamphlet « oor htve I era 
read it : but the ei^^s.of k ^w defirribed by 
Poddt are fuch, ai authorise a conclufios, 
that the work in <)iiellioD neither was noc 
COMld be, a mere libel upon the prelate. Foe 
bow could a ftripg of libello^ falfehoodi ha?9 
tlienat^d regulars and laity ^ and aUb the go- 
Ternment. of the nation from him ^ even to 
fuch a degree 9 that ^w pedbns were willing 
to admit him to share the common rights of 
bofpitaUty^. Thefe are not the ufual dk&% 
of a libel agaiofi a prelate of acknowledged 
lefpeCbbility And learning , plated in a digoh 
fied fiation; and if thefe ia^s be true , 1 mufi 
be aliowed to think « that the Bishop had been 
betrayed into fome a^s of great impradeoce. 
His opponents, and the Jefnits among the(B« 
inay have been guilty of others, in the pro* 
grefs of the caufe ; but it cc^icems us not at 
prefent to kpow the. detail of their difputf. 
One circumlhnce of it is worthy of notice. 
They all ackm^wledged one common foperior 
in the head of the chhrch;-ihe caufe was re- 
ferred to him, his deci£oa was ekpeQed^and 
all were prepared to fubmit to it. In fuch a 
difpofition of minds , dUERirences may happen , 
but fchifm cw never exift. The Pope pru* 
dently forbade all contention upon the matter 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

in debate; and though he could not pc/EBklf 

approve the coodud of the prelate , in afluni* 

iqg a ibtion and a power^ which had not 

been allotted lo him; he fought to cover hit 

honour , and he decided the main point in 

debate, in favour of his opponents. The rear 

der perceives, that it is not in my plan to 

review this ancient difpute ; but , if he can 

)>ear once more the mention of Panzani, he 

will allow m? to remark, that the real Pan- 

^Eani could ^not, by ady poflibility, be igno* 

cant of what Bishop Smith had done; and 

k is more than improbable, that an agent 

of the Pope could countenance, or imaging 

that Rome would counfenance or allow the 

Pishops pretenfions* If the real panzani 

did fupport them , be was 9 partial agent « 

be betrayed the caufe of his ihafter , and 

his real memoirs, if any fuch eti(l, deferve 

m credit with refpefl to the point, in quef- 

tion. If he difapproved the Bishops pre- 

tenfions, this difapprobation mufi be at leafl 

hinted in his mettibirs , and why has Mt. Be^ 

ringtoo fupprefied iti When the memoirs 

are produced, I shall examine them nicely, 

with a view to Mr. Beringtoos aiTertion in 

the words of Dodd , h that the fenfe has not 

» b^en at nU altei:e4i and that no paOage haa 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( a4« ) 
•» been emiitti ib the rehitioii. » (*) At prefent; 
I repeat it again , the memoirs either deferve 
no credit, or they are forged « or they are 
firaudulently garbled by the editor. 

Ttiis conclufion might be fiill more firmly 
cfiabiished , if I chofe to dtfcurs the noted 
theological con^roverfy on epifcopal autho- 
fity , which aroGs from the differences exifitng 
between Bishop Smith and the regtdars , and 
which engaged the attention of the Sorbonifist 
the French clergy , and the Popcl The Be* 
ringtonian Panzaoi has not omitted this coo* 
troverfy in his memoirsi ( f ) and I muft nddce 
It fo far as may be reqiuiite to ^ew^ that his 
account of it could not have been penned by 
a mioifler of thf foverejgn. pontiff. For with 
his ufual .partiality he , accumulates blame 
upon the Jqfujits Floyd and Knott , from 
whofe books, fome propofitions had been e^« 
trailed and denounced by the friends of Bi« 
shop Smith to the Sorboaq^ and to the univer* 
fity of Lovaio ^ and ha4 beep a&ually cenibred 
at Paris : he referves unhefitating commenda- 
tion and applaufe for the archbishop Goodi 
and the Sorbonifts, who pafled the cenfore, 

<•) Mm.^. S6fc (t) ?• »H 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( Hr ) 

«nd for the Janfenifis St. Cyran (][>etras Au« 
relius) and Le Maitre« who eagerly embraced 
the opportunity to cover the Jefuits with 
reproach. I do not mean to apologize for 
the doflrines of Floyd and Knott, which , I 
believe 9 were very deferving of cenfure, in 
the fenfe , in which the Parifian dodors fup- 
t>ofed them to have been deHyered. But 
Panzanl,* a minifter of -the holy fee, could 
not be Ignorant of the circumftances of that 
dfiair, at once to noify and fo recent; and 
iiill iefs of the condud, which his own mailer 
the Pope had held in it. He could not fail 
to know, that 9 not the books of Floyd and 
Knott, but only fome detached propofitions had 
been denounced to the Parifian dodors , and 
that they had been very hafiily (n) cenfured 

( tf ) Dodd ( yol.|III. p. d.) relates from Dil Pin , tlm 
tke English clergy caoTed fimt fropofitions to be driwn 
oiic of Koocts work entitled A short 4md modef Dif. 
cufion of fomt MfferUcnt of Dr. KiUifcn , * Which they (enc 
M to the facnltiet of dit ines at Paris and Louvaio , in 
r, order to have theirs Judgment upon then, h Ac th« 
fame tliiey fiiya Dodd, the book of F. Floyd entided Am 
apohgy for tho tonduB of tho My apofotieal fuy 9e, 
appeared , and Was complained of to the archbishop of 
Parts, by whom both Were cenfared on 30. Jam 16314, 
The Faculty of Sorbonne likewife cenfured feveral pro<« 
pofitions^ eitraCted (torn thele two books, on tbe-^5. qF 

Digitized byA^OOQlC 

( 148 ) 
h the general acceptation of tbem , zbd ifl 
itie fuppofition, #hich the perfbds ^ who bad 
denounced them , conftantfy prefented as true. 
And what was this fuppofition ^ It was , that 
iht IKshop of Chateedon , to whoai the pro- 
poficions Were applied, was an ordioaty dio- 
cefan Bishop. But a mtniiter of the ho/y fee 
Miployed in England mud have knov^n , that 
tbis (hppofition was falfe , b^ thd exprefs d^ 
daradon of the Pope, (^) and that tbiscir- 
cumfiance alone invalidated the Freocb ceo* 

tthrnuf of the bme ]^/ Di'Avrigny ftys , (im. 
Chfom. T. II. p. «0 " L'trcbevAjoe de Ptrit (<to 
n GotAi ) foe le premier qui poru Iod jugemepc. Ia 
if Sorbonne doom le fien Tur quatre-yiogt propofitioaSi 
M qo'elle evamiiw en fen pen de cems. n Knorcs' vrorl 
ins cranflated into Latin by George l^righc sad ^ru 
printed at Antwerp io 1631. Dodd Vol. III. p. 10^. 
•irho alfo (p. 105.) report Flcjrds l>oc* With the tide in 
l^atin 9 ptittted at Rouen in (he fame year. Pron cbeft 
dates it appears, that the archbishop and the Sorbonae» 
Who cannot be fuppored to have etamined the boots I'o 
their original language, probably faw no more of tbem, 
thaa the detached propoiitions , which were fent to cbna 
by the Bishop of Chalcedons Friends. The Work of Kaoct 
here mentioned is different from the Modefi hrirfi ilfafH 
%f fme points taught ty Mr. p. Keltlfin , in bis treatift ff 
tk$ tectiflafiicat bterarcby. "fhis latter is the work 0* 
NichoUis Smyth , and was printed at Rouen 1630. 
i*^Sn D9ddP$l.IiL p. 18. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( ^49 ) 
fures.t ^ f^t as they^j^pre applicable to the 
English regulars on the main point of th^tt 
^difpute, which was^ the validity of their fpi- 
ritual faculties. He muft moreover have 
knovt^o 9 that the Pope had forbidden the uni* 
verlity of Lovaio to decide upon the denotin* 
Ced propofitioos ; that by the hticf Britannia 
of May 9* 163 1, he had fuppreflfed aiid extin- 
guished all controverfies and difputes, ok 
t^hatfpeyer title jor pretext they had arifent 
Sn tbecayfe between the Bishop of ChalciedOii 
and the regular priefts and laity of Eifglandt 
abd that be had evoked the whote catifii to 
hi? own high tribui^I :^(^) that^^y apc^ther 

/ . :( I' . ': . .' I r-:'" • 

that this brMf Jf^^ nt vpr c^^io^ipally puf)lj«^, |n4^}^v;^♦ 
by mafiy, At the time., dtpf^ f^uriouro^ f^trj^ptitiovs. 
t)odd.i8 bold to fay ^ ( Yolf llj..p. ij. ) •*,Tbjf fli^/ being 
n only handed pn^ately abtout amoii^ the ]^jfh.f\p^^CbaW 
n cedons advjirfaries , g^ve Jkon$ fitfpi^ipfi.t,^ f^^^^j 
M t^,^t it j^jis either fpjutiQux 9r ^rrepti^joosl; tjowpyw, 
"^^^c^^/i^W "^^^ P'^lJ^WjJ'l? c^l^^ni^^ »Pjy>9Ci«i not 
A deUverfd by proper qipflcef^, JW* ffffy, toolf )yexy lu,(I^ 
„,npci9c qf if^ but; (UU,^,v^t on in ib^ ^^^Sfi^?'.'*^^ f^?*^ 
m wfjfi r^^;n Thh}%,\pj^9d.M bad cojppljgiqj^jjco Miq 
]|iishpp|,a|9^ his {T\&a4fif^k9fo Dtodfi v.erjq uDidvjfj^ily 
ca)J^.,a ^ar^^ ;. he sho^l4 ^avt avoided t;bi^^. ^0^4* -^^ !> 
ft. pltun ackoowledgmei^t'^ thdc ,(he Bi^bopa fr»eirds^cQiKem« 
upi a^papal de^ee> in 1^ jmp^ftant c^od^^^and <;9)clMd«4 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^cree of march 19. 1633, he had fappreJB&d 
every thing Which had been written of pa- 
blished relative to this controverfy , in what' 
foever counti^ or language; and had declaredi 
that he did not hereby intend to cenfure aojf 

ic CQ kt (fmrioot , merely from die accideotal Saitoit cf 
proper officers , in the deliYery. If this were craei ft 
would ftroDgJy cbaraderize them as party-mca , and pto- 
portionibly impair their credit. Do4d ^<^iV.> cmIU tbf 
Bvll -a pretended decree ; ami yet fotfecting mil tfaiSf be 
eniera/itiA hi^,CifrsmJoiic^i aceounp cfouurrwntts (p. 4^P 
fis a real BuH fiUncing MJputes -smmg mifi^ners. Vox^ 
' were fomeclaufes in ic^ which might make cbe meOf wlioa 
D6dd callr a patty\ inrish'ic to be rporious : bat tiej 
ought JDiQt ID have a^ted in defiance^ ic y at leaft onciOcbor 
fii/picifns were proved to be grounded on faft. The Ksliop 
rf Chaltedon , according to Dodd ( p. f9, ) retirted in iSsg 
to Piiria, where be received orders from Rome , to fetors 
no more into England. The ufuaPforms of ^th\MH 
bnlh and briefs in the ciirial 'ili^le , could not be obfenrei 
in this kingdom ; and in the Bishbp of Chalcedons ^va* 
tiod , nothrng more could be Wanted , than foch an ioci'' 
nation H d)e brief, as excluded rational doubt ot'n^ 
authanfticityr At Paris be could not fail to receitethil 
from the' Nnnzio^ or ftom fome other qualified ageat. ^^ 
wotil(I be an injury to his memory to Ibppofe, (hit he 
coilt^mnefd or negleded a folemn decree of thar Aipreof 
authority/ fh)m which alone his own had been derived. 
It appesfrs flfom a letter of the provincial Blond, teporteJ 
by Dodd (p. 150.) that the brief was fent into Engl«a' 
by the Bilhopy who had receivM it from the Nods^/ 

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( ^51 ) 

aiuhor^ book or wor^r the cogoqsatxce of 

the whole caufe beiog ref^rved earcluiively tOr 

the hol^r fee- This condufl of the Pope cer^ 

tainly implied fome difapprobmioo c^ that«< 

which had been held by the French; it snighc 

even have aw.ikc;ped a fuijricion:, that it was 

not perhaps quite fo eafy ta decide vitb cer*) 

tainty upon the doArines> vrhich they had fo 

precipitately cen(ured. But even allowing 

their cenfures to have heenjjuii and equitable^ 

I maintain ) that no mioifter of ^e ho/y £eey 

writing memoirs upon this a^air , would hai^^ 

failed to mention vhat the Pope had^ done , 

and even to exprefs fome deference and refpe£)( 

for it« How shall we then believe ^ )diat tho: 

real Panzani could bellow his apprqbs^ioa 

excIuGvely upon that party vwhicht mpofi the 

whole, bad been lef$. couatenaQced by th^ 

with orders to make ic public; tibat ic was published by 
the Benedidlms ; chac ic had been ibnt bj Urban VIII. 
to the general of che Jefoics, from whom Blond had 
received ic authenticated in formd prohanid ^ as is ofual in 
the Roman court. If ic appears unufuar/tVat the' brief 
•hou)4 -have been addreflM to the BepediAifif and to che 
Jefiiits; ic muft be ooi^iidercd , chac ic was inrcribed b> 
Ih? Pope , « To che- nghc rfverend Richard Bishop of 
n Chalcedony Co all priefta i^njd clergy ^ as wt\\ regnki^ 
II IS fecolar, ancl cq ajli the Cfitholic people of Bngfond^ 

li % 

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koly feel Ofl whatever fide I view the » 
inoirs, the fame conrequence returns, tbat'tf 
^ley Ae originaf, the paflSonate and fiopid 
|iartialtiy of the man deftroys the credit of 
them; and if they are the production of ano- 
ther hand , then they are not authentic ^ and 
they muft be nlnked among the innumerable 
forgei^es of memoirs and tetters, which bate 
been counterfeited ^ for interefted and evil pur* 
pofes, after the, deceafe of the perfons, b; 
whom V it is boldly aBerted that they have 
been written.' (tf) 

We are now at the end of the third aft; and 
Mr. editor^ with the nioft undijlurted modefy 
afTures us in the words of Dodd , from whoft 
printed works almoft the whole has been pur- 
loined , that the entertainment , which we have 
enjoyed, u is entirely netp^ never before pl^ 
fi blished in print i {*) and that the credit of 
•> many patticulars depends upon the uuthots 
»> authority , and the imrinfic tokens of vera* 
w city, w {\) He forgets to firengthen tMs 

(tf ) Soch are the letters of Madame Poaipedoor, «t>y 
#f (hofe of Madame MaioteiioD> and all thofe of Ck^ 
nenc XIV In oor' own days ; oot to mentioli the lettert 
of Qoeen Mary of Scotland , &c. &c. 

(♦)p. 5^8. (t)P-^59- 

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credit by the tefBrnooy of the cotemporary 
n^r iters , to whom he had referred us in hit 
preface; but he fupplies every deficienqf by 
^Binnouncing , « that his intentions are to infonii 
93 and infiru£t mankind, n (*) Mankind is 
highly indebted to him. 

A new petformance never feen before I 

I anfwer with the man in the play, 

O ^tis fo noving , I can read no more ! 

lExlt Gregorio Pjszjni Juris mriufqut DoSor. 
(•) p. a«o. . 

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< 455 ) 


R E M A ll K S 

Oiy THE 





.ITT EH the pitiful appearance, whicll 
Signor Gregdrio has DaadevI ani little iocU- 
lied to wade through die teff 6f the play ^ 
and perhaps my readers are equally wishiiig^ 
to be relieved. For my own and their fiike ^ 
1 pafs by manyi drowfy fcenes ; but I truft; 
that they will allow me to interrogate one new 
player , my friend » almoft my coufin, Tho- 

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C ^5« ) 

mas White ^ or Blackloe ; for if I may .tftift 
his apologift Dodd, bis mother was a daogber 
of one of my anceflors ^ whole name is obc 
ODknowo to ftudents in the law. This geo* 
tleman, |y|r| Thomas' Bla^li^^^ /^as p^ecifefj 
the boldeft enemy of authority , the tao& 
^jHng ioQOvat^., thelboil violent party^maOf 
tli^t has ever yet diftrafted our fmaili churchy 
and of courfe<^e>^l2aS) of ^1 ^hers, the fiir* 
eft claim to receive the hug of frateraitj 
fromrhis /moderf ^epsefe^utiirectfae revereod 
Jofeph Berington. 

Concordes anima f 

«•••• ^u^uoMfs 0eks firofiemftfe ckbmul 

They have both eqoilly infulted fpiritail 
Sathffruy y €^9ia\ly ijji its fovrpe^^ the ,h«I 
6t the church i they have both equally 'revfW 
Jefuits 5 the y ha ve b o ihc f eai ce l a fmall party 
t^ ab^t their proceediogfj,, tl^e pme caUed 
JStiai^klpifis^ jjhf other Staj(9rdjiar^ii they ia'^f 
bo^h.been j/5qipal{y. ^if^oppjtw^qcf d , by *? 
totdy ^ ^of), pftppie^ . by the mpi^ yinaous >nd 
learned in^ij^^iju^ .of ihp «lergy ; thejr have 
^o^b ^fCfi ^q^Mly .;^oaded |>y thi;, demoo^ 
iiidcpendenq^;, ^ijfl. have )^^Uy.,riuo wik( 
with the Iw|l of/fipguiarityi -^ Ijut iriibatt 

' *' * • " thcfc 

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( ^5? ^ 
l^ele features of fiaiilitude, there ^s ont 
chara^leriftic difference between . them ; for 
Mr. Blackloes extreme errors^ fay« Mf. Bcr^ 
Sngton, i^ere the mere extravagancies of ^- 
tiiusi (*) whereas rhofe of Mr. Bering^ton ard 
thought to be the mere extra vagadcies of 
folly. Blackloes extravagancies ^ continues 
Mr. 3crington , <« excited general nod<tes ao4 
^ the ignorant, thie maUvoUnt and ^at bigoted 
^ taking the aiurm; » ^that is, the ignoraiUi 
the malevolent and the bigoted Pope Alexan* 
der Vll) with his cardinals and dontuitorai 
the bodies of the Tecular and regular dergy 
of England ( the divines of the English college 
at Douay , and in a fpecial o>an!aer-5 - tht 
DD. George Leyburn the prefident^. ami 
John Warner the profellbr, Peter .Talbot 
ardhbishop ofDublin, Richard' Smith Bfishop 
of Chalcedon ; the divines of the English fem»- 
nary at Lisbon , and thofe of the iM^ifitkm 
of Portugal ; the DD. Edward Daniel ^ Frahcis 
Grage , Robert Pugh , Peter Fiftdn or '©h** 
dulph, Silvefter Jenks, P^ter Hofetfrgh^c.-i 
all the(e and many othef ignorarii'bnd'fkiakPd^ 
Jent 'llgois fbking "the alarm \ ""'Ireprefented 
r^ Mr. Blackloe ;3?,ia.dang?EO«Si^inaovat9r, 

(*) P- 294. • «* ..u. ;..-w .\^\ . , I ) 


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( 458 ) 

« andmore than Dottable in faith. »*(*)ThcfBft 

of them, Alexander VU. bn the feventee.^ 

day of NoTcmber i66t not only condemned 

fevefal of his writings fpecitied in the decwe, 

but ev^n carried his bigotry fo far, as to 

forbid all his other writings* whether primed 

^or MSS. to be retained or read. Anothefj 

Mr JeBk«U«d«"*»>'s*l«^"°''* to be contrary 

to fundamental articles of feith, a°d plai^J 

hereticali *nd he adds, that his philofopj 

is no )efs void of fenfe and reafon, than to 

theology it of religion and piety, (t) A thM 

Dr Pugh. affirms, that Blackloe expended 

io ie printing of his extraPiganciesofgem^. 

confiderable furos of mpney, which wered* 

JLifor better ufes. (S) A fourth* Mr.H^ 

bl^H, «fferts,thathi.aaoffubmUnaoJ 

theW fee was- not only infufficicnt , W 
even infolent. A afth» Dr. Leyburo, a pn«- 
cipal wfumfnt of the clergy and g»».Yw 
in^ogland, relates , that Bishpp^ 
coibined him to fi»ppr^fs Blackloes net. ^ 
nitt, as containing diverfeaaughty,erro«e«» 

Ld feand^li^s doarines. (3) Elfewfae te^' 

(*-) Jild. * . ^ 

CI) ^'f' *«*"•*• P* •• 

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( 959 ) 

reports'^ that he and others had often heard' 

3isbop Smith aflert^ that Blacktoe had the 

two marks of ao heretic, fingularity and 

iiovelty i and he cites a letter of February to. 

1660, wherein pr. Gage agent for the clergy 

at Rome fays', n Blackloes dodlrine is in fo 

99 great deteiiation here, that neither that of 

^' Luther or Calvin ever was in a greater. '> O 

It is^ in this work that the Dr. aflertSf that 

fome of the chapter-men in Loiulondid liot 

defire a Bishop, and that they deprived ybung 

snifHoners of common charities, if they; did 

not extol Mr. Blackloe. The fame Dr. I4ey- 

burn^ who had prefided many years dver his 

brethren in England and in the college at 

Dbuay, together with Dr. Edward DifriiieU 

by a letter of July 4. 1653 invite^ the clergy 

iaffemble4 at London, to difavow and protef^ 

againfi the works of Blackloe and bis pctnci- 

pal fupporter Holden , becaufe <« by the wri- 

r> tings of thefe men, the purity and integrity 

» of the clergys dq^rine, which was formerly 

t> much renowned « had been greatly ftaine4 

» both at home and in foreign countries. »>(t> 

(♦) EttCfcL Jn/vfif. pp. 1 1. 56, 

^t) ?pCtf. ^eciar, p. 14. & feq. Sec tlftr the^arw 9f 

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In tht w6tk) in \rhich this letter i^ reporttd, 
the Dr. proves Blacklo^s defines to be io- 
jurious to holy fcriptyre ,* to cotincils , and to 
the univetfal praOice of the church; aod be 
shews that the extravagancy of them was 
equalled only by his obdinacy in fpaimsumog 
them, (a) I have mentioned the fepanieulan, 

( ii ) Among the extravagdn^es 9f genius t whid 
Blacklo« pretended to eflj^blisb , the principal were, ctt 
ads of faith are falfe and fuperftitious , uolefs thej iR 
frQuode4 on- demonftrativc evidence of the troth, wW 
is bejfevecly 't^9t ignorant catholics , who ban not tbs 
evidence, want true faith; that no internal iafpiriooii 
tt pioiis difpofition of the will is reqoiftte to bead ^ 
Wdetftaoding to. believe the t^otb* of faitl^; tfaac Chii 
didv no^ f ie fpr aU men ; that the facrameota by their oft 
^fgcacy: caufe . no grace in the fool ; that no ftnlJ ^ 
delivered oiic of purgatory , before the daj of judgflKiK, 
and that fufiVages for the dead are therefore vfchis',^ 
devils and danlncd fouls :enjoy happinefs , greatly fitrpiCBt 
any 'that is enjoyed in this world; that they /a|<r* 
mifcry , but from tl\eir own perverfenefs ; jthat if thcf 
chofe it , they might be deliverea from this roiiery , ta^ ^^ 
they love thfcir pains, and are unwilling to be deprived o( 
them fcc. Befides thefe dbarines , which Mr. Baifif^^ 
tnay call innopent thevrhs calculated to ««•/« iM^i>^» 
Pref. to Hem, p. xxiij. Blackloe had the honour to a^^ '** 
lead of Molinos , in maintaining a famous principle efn^ 
praftical tendency , vi2. that eiterior ads of fi« * ^ 
•exclude charity from the ftul^«nd that he ,' who »1»<>^ 
commit exterior fins , ftill retaining the Wxa otl^^^f 

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liecaufe they at once dilplay the fentiiiieiit* 

pf the mod refpeded clergynaen of the age « 

relative to this favourite of Mr. Berington^ 

9pd prove that his priDcipal abettors were a 

few of thofe meh\ whrf exercifed the preca* 

lious jurifdiflion of what was then called the 

chapter. It mud not be imagined that they 

were aftuated by any particular intereft or 

zeal for the fpecific opinions or ixtravagancUs 

of genius of Mr. Blackloe : like all other tur^ 

jt^ulent churchmeOf they made ufe of thejiev 

doflrines merely as engines to beat down efta^ 

blished authority , and to arrogate power tQ 

themfelves. The retreat of Bishop Smithy 

whom ^< they had a defign ;to jdeprive of his 

r> epifcQpal authority , » {*) aCbrded them a 

"Vottld Devertheleft be tdmitced into heaves. ' See Sum Vf 
Dr Leyburns anjvnr^.^, 5. 6* .B)tc]d^ uras a violent maft^ 
Impatieoc of comnidi^QQ. He created hit opponents , tfi4 
erpeciaUy the learned and vircu&usPr. Leyburn, as igtiQ- 
rant men ,'fycoph ants , madmen, calumniators, hiding 
ferpents, 6ic. A^-all infttuSiion^ Und of courfe all lear- 
ning is progrifvi , Mr. Berington has made iroprovemcocc 
upon Black loes epi^cheu^. S^^ hit^itiMny pf tmivetfMi ck0n 
rity , ah%v€ , p. %o. For ^ fu?thcr account of Blackloe 
Tee BlackUana iarejis olimin Ptla^U Si UahicMi ddkMt4 % 
"nunc denu9 rtmfecntfs biporiM & confutath. Au^crt M. Lo^ 
in i ao f h4 hgo. See -nHtr Append.' *I*. X. 
(♦) Mpifi. dt^lar. f. 53. * 

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(aCa ) 
fivourabie opportuoity ; and though the vi^ 
luous refiftance of the body of the clergy 
headed by Dr. Leyburn,. confiantly defeated 
their projefts, yet we find one of them (Har- 
rington) alTumiog fpiritual power in defiaoce 
of the Bishop, and prefunaing to exercife it 
without any comtniffion or inftitutioo. (*) l^ 
©ay be remarked for the fake of thofe , who 
wish to iludy this part of English catbotic 
hiftory , that in the whole negociation of Pan- 
£aiv, the meafures and deeds of tbefe few 
men are every where dignified by Mr. Bet' 
ington and exalted into actions of the English 
clergy , as yfett the proceedings of the few 
appellants in the reigns of Elilbbeth and James. 
Blackloe , fay^ Mr. Berington , ( t ) v« deputed^ 
with two others , iy the clergy, to treat wth tk 
Jefuitsi who with Blond their foperiort were 
not lefs ignorant, malevolent and bigoted ia 
regard to Blackloe , than the other gentlemefli 
whom I have named. If thiis be fo, I cannot 
much wondef , that they refbfed to coalefce 
with fuch.a man; and when I read Bloods 
complaints to Panzani of the writings of fom^ 
of his enemies » an4 his furprife that Faozam 
can fuffer himfelf to be mifled by men of fucl» 

C*)i^w.p. 41. 

(t>Afifw*p. saf. 

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ehara6;er; (^) it appears to me probable ^ tbaf 
^l^ckloe was the iQan , whom he bad in view** 
'When Mr* Berington shall produce Panzanis 
autfuntic memoit^s , I recomiBend it to critics 
to examine ;» if the forgery of them, may not 
be traced to this man » or to fom? one of his 
iew adherents^ 

)n difmiflSng this article of Blackloe ^ I muft 
bbferve ^ that Dodd , both in his Hifiory and 
efpecially ijn his Secret policy ^ labours with aa 
ill grace to apologise for him and to exte- 
nuate all his faults. The manner, in whiclv^ 
on this occafion, he fpeakf of the eenfurers 
<)f books at kome, (t) was misbecomiog his 
€hara£leri and the bare acknowledgment i 
that Blackloe adhered too JUffiy to dnngetotu 
novelties^ is indeed a flight cenfure of a man^ 
many of whofe doflrines Rome had condemn 
ned as rash , fcandalous , feditious ^ falfe, er^ 
roneOuS in faith , and heretical; When Dodd 
f eport^ recoirds , deeds , and other dead inftru^ 
ments, 1 value; and I efieem him. Wheq he 
Ivrites from bimfelf , he* betrays the utmoft 
want of judgment and of critical diicernmeot 

^C*) UUitV^l. III. p, 153, 

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* ( ^«4 ) 
Snd {reqcieiltl^ the moft glaring paftiatltjf. 
Hence he is a wclcome^'writer ta Mr. Be- 
rington, who inforins us, that *< he has feldom 
t» known a writer , and riiat ttrritef a church- 
f> man , fo free from prejudice and the degra- 
^ ding impreffions of party-«eal. >> (*) After 
a very few pages , in dating his oWn motive 
for invariably cenfuring the Jefuits , he ack- 
nowledges •* that a Jufficient degree ofpartialUj 
w m^y ii^ /biwt/ 0/1 the fide ^ of the winters ^ 
who are oppofite to them; and cc fince be 
fi could not ^eehimfelf from all party-prepof- 
$^ feffion , he i^ould rather err , he fays , ifl 
i^ favour of his own inclinations, than againU 
*» them- »* ( t ) On this account he has pre- 
ferred the impartial Dodd4 ( irt n^hom a fuf* 
ficient degree of paftiality may be found,} to 
all other hiftotians ; and the OTr/n?/y/2^ii' work, 
entitled Memoirs ofGregorio Pan\ani^ is iodeci 
moft clofcly cMtteSedmxh the feveral witio^^ 
of.Dodd, as far as the order of time would 
fufferthem te coincide.^ The IntroduSion znd 
part of the Supplement are to t(e read in 
fuller detail iu Dodds Church Utftbrf , and more 
]^rtlcu1ariy in his Secret potlcfof the ingUsh 
frci4$y i>fJefit$2xA in the Bfjhry of DaP^ 

(•) Prcf. te Uem. p. Ix. • " ' Ct ) P- »'• 



by Google 

^€>It^ge; (a) and the middle a£l of Paozani 
H^yer befurt published in print ^ may be fiudicd 
almoft at full length in the feveral articles of 
iDodds third volume , entitled , Ac^wnt of 
Richard Bishop of ChaUedon , Charatier of King 
Charles %. Lifs of Gregori6 Pan^ani^ IUcotd$ 
of PanXani /and Record:^ of/efuiis. In caark* 
ing out thefe pointV of connexion bHf#i«a 
the two writers ^ I mufl except the admirable 
jpreface prefixed by Mr. Bering^on to the 
memoirs of Panzaof , which I fairly acknow- 
ledge to be entirely new, completiely original. 
Paft ages have not its models foturity WiH 

not produce its tivaU 

■* . , ■ ' - . 

Among the priecipal adbereijtts and aj^ettoty 
of Blackloe , we muft reckw the ept^ji^ed 
Henry Hotden » vhof? vi^dicatioa yf l)ii9 
Mr. Berington has pjr^uced , like ever]f 
< thing eife^ from Dodd-^bpt whofe e^i^guimt 
which fills two cohimns in Dodd $ he has here 
-xon^reiTed into a fing^ 09^. To this a^^Ai* 
may be applied what t)qd4 fays of pa/cklpei^ 
i> He had many ejDew9¥' « which baf occafio; 
>* ned a great variety i^, bis jchara£^^^; ^ »? ([^^ 

t ^ ' i. 'fT f « 1 ^1 " ". ' » ^ f f y;n'- * y n ' fc 

; (4|> A ftnan work r^fw^cl^ i» not dptd^ bQC 
podd VM the author. 

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( a66 ) 

. bv rather in the reprefeetadon of his chara&r. 
Holden beiog the friend and fuppoiter of 
Blackloe, had in fa A as many enemies as the 
' latter; and as Dodd and Mr. Beringtoo are 
loud in his praifes j it may be ufeful , io ap- 
preciating his merit , to know what otbera 
^ve thought of him and h?.ve written cos- 
cerotog him. The great fwny , which he is 
iaid.tor have borne in the univerfity of Parst 
is not allowed by Dn Pugh, who well knew 
the man, and the charafler which he bore 
in that capital. His words are, u Be6des 
i» bis title of Dr. of Divinity at Paris, he had 
>> little to make him efieemed. He never 
fn could write ten lines of true latin; and bis 
9> phitoTophy and divinity were proportional 
n Yet his prefumption *was (b great, that be 
9> thought none eqiial fo him , except the aO- 
9> knowing BIackloe> as he ufed rashly* to 
99 call him. «> Mr. Pugh adds, that u At 
99 Bishop of Chalcedon ufed to fay of him, 
u that he was an unlearned , prefumptuous and 
^ rash man. f* Dr. Leyburn in his Encyclical 
Mfiper^ fpeaks of him thus. uHe had enoogb 
9f to do for his own works. For when I was 
9» at Paris, Dr. Holden put forth a pamphlet, 
91 uhbafeeming his religion and fun^oo^ 
f» wherein he accufed the court of Rome ^ 

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igcbraoce and corruptioD : likewHir tii hid 
» fet forth a book much (Serogating from ifae 
»» Popes authority. ^ 

Mr. Berington regrets , that we have opt 

an epitome of Holdens Analjjis Pidef , uac-; 

9» ranged by a maflerly iiaod ; for it Wouid 

^ filence the quibbles of fome, and^the pe- 

«A dantry of others, \yho difturb t^e faith or 

^ the muhitude. n ^Mr« Berington intends 

to employ his own mafierly hand in efiefling 

this good purpofe , it is to be hoped ^,'}^zi h$ 

will arrange the work with more prudence ^ 

fhan he has arranged the memoirs of Panzani. 

For though our Bishops are very indifferent 

about thefe contemptible memoirs , whicb |do 

Dot intereft faith ; they will watch a book, of 

theology with a more jealqus eye. I give 

IVIr. Berington this friendly hint, becaufe t 

remember that , fome years ago , the authors aod 

editors of the letters of Clement XIV had prer 

pared for the prefs a whole courfe of theology 

written by that Pope / with. a view ^to termi* 

nateall fcholaftic disputes; (a) lyhen fome of 

(0> Id the Lifi •f CUm^ !irif' which was pAtfihea 
by way of preface or introdud^ion co the Letters , this 
ttmtt of theology is mentioned is a ftudie^ work it 
Clemeat , chat the then intended puUlcation of ic(^«i|ht 
not cime quite nneipefted u^oa the public. 

LI % 

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th6 Ftefldi Bishof^ baviog Covered 
pUo » bad imercft enough to prevent thi 
sinpreflBon, though it wag purp^ely defigoed 
p JiUnce. the quibbles* of fome ^ and iiu pedamj 
of others. Our Bishops , unable to cootrod 
the prefs , could only difcredit the work atnoog 
the clergy; and it wduld be a iDisfi3rtoiie, if 
^itiier their zeal should rob Mr. Beriogcoa 
of purchafers and admirers, or bis compbi- 
fance for Holden should tenspt him to £>r6k 
the refpefi: , which , he knows » i$ due to tbe 

\J^t. t>odd informs us, (^ that Hold^BS 
yi complaifance for the JanfeniH Arnauldaod 
Vh)s friend Blackloe , could never make him 
»> forfeit' the refpeQ due to the fupreme paP 
M tor. w j(^) 1 will prefently produce fome 
jproofs of his regard for the fupreme pafior; 
but I firfi: remark , that it is an happinefe for 
an author to find a friend , who will not| 
through conaplaifance , diBemble his mifiakes, 
sor even his extrava^ncies of geniui.^ Such 
in impartial friend, did the all - knowing 
Bladtlpe pofleft in Dn Holden « wboiaa 

i • * 

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< a69 ) 

wo^ BOW before me, (a^ Tesiures to iifaf^ 

prove his language , as unujual^ untoipardM^ 

crabbed, and his fiyle and manner of fpeech t 

as diJpUafifhg to the reader, though even his 

friend. As an inilance of (his language and 

llyle, ^^What needed, .fays the Dr. that fevere 

»> andtf//izo/?^/?tf/n/jrexpre(fionof Mr.White^ 

V) (Blackloe) that it were a lefs crime to violau 

m a [acred virgin upon an altar ^ than io JettU 

r^ amongft us the belief of the Popes infallibUityf 

r^ Why fo rigoroufly to brand the doctrine of 

m opus operaium with the cepfure of pagan fm 

«» per^itiptiy hypocritical witchcraft ^^ and wqrfhjf 

9i no better refutation ^ than the fife I We should 

M teilify, continues the moderate Dr. our 

n diflike of the opinion of papal infallibility 

^ with civility^ and not reprove the other 

VI, (of opus operatum) as paganifin and witch- 

^ craft. 9>, He proceeds jm the fame manner 

to criticife, his friends harsh langnage^ wbck' 

Uys j» that it could wt have happened better to. 

^e dainned , but God and naturf rmift have been 

nporfcf 2nd that tho/e places in (he creed ati4 

■ ' ' ' ' ' ■' '■ ■ ' n 

(n) The citU.of it is J Lftur wriittn h Dr. ff$id^ 
tn Mr, Gmunt concerning Mr. Whites truftife dc medh 
nnimarum jiatu. Paris i(S6i. Id this traA, the Dr. la- 
bours as far as he dares ^ to vittdicate^ escufi: Slackloet 
^Yet\p$ QP the ipi^dlc ftat^ of foiiU. 

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^ ar© ) 
ytr^tmt ^f ^'JaifioTi hang concthd cf A 
My gkofit are to be tmder flood of God A 
father. « By this ftyle and manner of fpeech, 
*• fays Holden, his dodrine is fo far ftm 
» taking that effeft , which I fuppofe he would 
» have it» that is, to be admitted and tccri- 
9* ved, at leaft among the more learned fortd 
» men ; that contrary wife it is thrown by and 
» neglefted , if not quite btefted at firft fig*t 
» Yet I find that amongft oar curioos Frencb 
» wits (who will fee all things) it getshio 
S, the reputation of a great geoy, and ofi 
» very learned man. • This,itmuftbcownrf» 
is a model of friendly criticifm. Holdcn had 
already declared, «« that he had ever cleaiJj 
n found Blacklo6s doarine to be thoroughly 
« folid and fubftdntial. .. (•)0f this h« taJ 
no doubt; but if, through coinplairaocetf 
his friend , he would not fpare- hJs cr^^ 
jB&, can it be imagined, that he wooM ft«^ 
fice to him or to Arnauld the refpeft due » 
the fupreme paftor*! The following short 
extrafts from his letters in Dr. Poghs colle^ 
tiori, may enable us to conjefturc, »™* 
refped he conceived to be due to him. (") ^ 

<•) D»rf,l. Ftf/. 7/1. p. 354. .,.^.fc, 

(«) The colleffion htrt mentioned 'rtris P*'"'*'^ 

Dr. Pogh with the title of Staekltu mM. Thtoiif*" 

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( a?! ) 

the filth letter be has thefewords:«Mr.FivtOfi9 

«> argomeot .ought to prf^vaiU iftHu Pope As 

«% Agadofthe church f not otherwife. For ih^a 

9 the next provincial Bishops onght to pro- 

^ vide for their neighbors, n Is then » Dr. Pugh 

remarks, the Popes being head of the church 

become a problem^ In the fourteenth^ he ia- 

troduces a queftion about procuring Bishopf 

from France, without farther application m 

the Pop/?. In the fixteentb, he exprefles hi« 

refped for him in thefe words : « Mr. Montaga 

t» and others are fending or have fent t^ 

V kome for his holinefles .bulls t to begcc 

f» English calves, n In the fame letter, which 

u addrefled to Sir Keoelm Digby^ he digni* 

fies thofe Catholics, who apply to Rome^ 

with the name, of fools i and he adds, a Our 

» clergy is not worthy the pains you take for 

9> them, nor will never dare (to a£l) {a) 

^ without a Breve from Roine. «) In the 

eighteenth ,. to the fame gentlempn , he repeats 

the compliment of our foolish English catholics « 

«f It were preferYtd ustiU 1773 in the Jefoitt coUege t( 
Ghent. In that year , many valuable MSS. on cachoUc ' 
affairs , belonging to the Jefuitt ^ were irrectlevably loft. 
(« ) There two words are fubfticuced ^ from a mocive of 
'Mean forbearance y CQ the original Words ^ which are 
much more cjprefliTc, . 

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( a^l ) 

dtld ihed rubjoms; »> if the IndepettdaMs dd 
» comiDue to feecmd us , I Tear not but Rom 
M Will coutent us ; if not , ^e shall find fao!^ 
^ ft^OD cHewheret and if the Pdpe will not 
i» leod us Bishops ^ it muft be done without 
^ him. «» If Holden did not forfeit the rerped 
dm to the fupreme pallor, he muft bsive bt 
lieTed, ihzt papal di»s i^ttt eafily difcharged. 
He had probably^ analyfed theoi) as he bad 
analjfed faith , and had difcoveted , that rlie 
ylght of appointing the principal pafiors aod 
the quality of head of the church , vttxt mer^ 
ly the fuperfiruflute of the fchoots. (tf) 

The reader of Mr. Beridj(tons WorkmS 
furely have remarked « that , by an eafjf 
aflbciation of ideas and ztk&lcfns ^lic cfttj 
Where canonists thofe, whofe cbiief diftioflj^'^ 
was to have drugged againft fftaUished aa- 
thority. In the midway between his p^fl^KT' 
tics of Holden and Blackloe^ hi^ repuWicao 
paUe beats high , nor can all the feveriti« 
inflifted upon the catbolics by 4be HemOii- 
verians , witbhoW him from eivtng a dcciW 

(«) A short wrWng oF Dr. Holden, Irticfc i» ^^ 
kja uMtyfis fldiij will be fontid in the Appeaiiix N*. ^ 
and raiy help to throw feme Ught npon his ^^•'•^Iv 
CO difcovcr the objcft which he and bU peny keptia^- 

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( ^rs ) 

pre-ettineoc^ ta the repobHcan, above alt 
other fbrms of goveromfilt. (^) A few pages 
after, the glow of liberty fliU fermeotiog, he 
\ira&t over tb^ ruins of oitv atooarcby in the 
lafi cenuiry i and doubts ooc , that r << had 
M prorvideoce iadii%cd Oliver with a Icoiger 
y% ipao of life 9 the naiipn would uanfmUy 
^ have (bbmicted to a comrol , the. wifilom 
«> and ftiiengtb of which Europe viewed witlt 
^ envy, and that to this day, perhaps^ (itt 
*n comnionweahh had flood , firia , happy * 
^ awful 9 magnificent 5 as was tfaat of ancient 
to Rome. ^ (t) A man naturally likesi to talk 
of what he lover, though he mter; iadon(i£» 
tencles. The ftrong and wife comroV, whici^ 
£ur(ipe isfuppofed to^have^ viewed with envyy 
was that of the deTpoiio Otifw; aqdi if the( 
fnretekded commonw^tb ^ as it exifted uoidei) 
|hat uihrper, had beenoontinued UDtbepreldf^i; 
jiay , It would not have been either happy ^ 
awful 3 or magniSeent; it would have beem^ 
perhaps, die worft of ati govefBaieMsy tb# 
fepubiican excepted; £ir vxadast the felfe:hir< 
of liberty , the^ whole power would \iMt <heef| 
centered In one mattr, and ^ff^m oodic^ hav9 

(*) Mtm. p. a«6. Ct) m. p. 399.' 


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C af 4 X 
Tbenext perfon, to whom I wishtolddre^ 
nyfelf ^ is the.R. Andrew Bromwicb, who 
being condemned to death for his prieflly 
cha^ader, in the time of Oates^ plot, iqtefldd 
to deliver at Jiis execution^ a fpeech^ wbidi 
is recorded by Dodd* (!^)Xiet Mr. Beriogtoo 
tnfwer for him. What folid proof has be to 
produce, that this good man took the oaths 
of allegiMce and fupremacy "^ He relates it 
as an undoubted faf^^but I cannot find that 
it is any where recorded, nor do I tbiok, that 
it can be inferred nt/ith certainty ftoa the 
fpeech: itfel£ The plural word oaihs, which 
Mr. Berington prints, in. italics, is the.oolj 
l^oof ^ which the fpeech affisrds ; but is this 
conclufive evidence? It may be a mift^^ 
in the impreffion t h may be , that Bromwich 
took only the oaih of allegiance , as it is ufoaUy 
ealiiid, though the inilrument comprebeo^ 
many diftinf): affeverations} and as Broowkh 
was detailing his fevera} profeflSons of loyaltyi 
h^ would naturally confider thefe , as Jo mao} 
iwths; which indeed they were, and fjpeakof 
thetn in the plural number. But it is not s^ 
eeflary to luppoie , that he took e?<D tb€ a^ 


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( *7S ) 
.of ailegianct. Ita his ikiiadoii, his bufinefii 
liiras to place his CQndu£l in the moft favoura- 
l3le point of view with the auditory , whom 
lie intended to addrefs. If heliad taken either 
or both of the oaths; furely he would plainly 
iKive told foch an uncommon circumllance ^ 
fo fiivourable to his caufe i furely Dodd would 
liave cpentioned it in the account of his lifir. 
He no where fays in his fpeech , I /wore i he 
repeatedly fays^ 1 prqfejjid. And what were 
his ptofefiions 1. They .are detailed in the 
fpeech, and they regard only the well knowfi 
4lut}es of civil fubmiifion and loyalty ; they are 
very different from the profeillons which arp 
contained in the oath of fupremacy. He was 
not then defcribing the profeifions^^wbich are 
contained in thiroath; and it cannot be infer- 
red from his fpeech , that he ever took it. 
If it be ftill contended, that he took' ibme 
oaths, (afnd this is the moft thai can be ^ton- 
eluded from bis word^) it may be, that at hiisr 
commitment or arraignment, to eviticfe his 
loyalty, he publicly made the profefltons, 
which he details in his fpeech, and confirmed 
them in court , by folemnly invokibg the 
name of God. If he never Avore ta moiri 
than to the profiffions in his fpeech , he never 
took the oath of fupremaey, ner.^ven of 

Mm % 

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iUegiaHce. If he pretended that aehlier d 
•diefe oaths tontained more than thole profc^ 
fions ^ the plea of iovincibte i^oraoce aloie 
can excufe him. If It were required, I would 
willingly fwear to whatever Bromwicb bji 
that he profe/fed by the oatk$ befhtt his Msf^ 
ties Jufiict afpeac€; but I aever could cooTac 
to take the oaths of fopremacy aaad aliegiaace 
If tbeCe conjedures have iny force , Mr. BeF 
itogtOB imift tlledge more difiJo6l ^odk of 
his a£^ion , before he can propofe the exaa- 
pie pf Andrew Bromwich to the imics^ioo cf 
Us brethren , in fuf^rt of the oath of fr 

When Bromwich was tried and condemotdi 
this oath confided of two parts; by one cf 
which the ecckfialtical fopremacy cf die &* 
vereigik was afferted, and by the othff, dec 
of the firft Bishop was abjured. Sooo ato 
die acceflBon of king William, the fijA pai« 
was abrogated in fe^our of the di0emers;but 
the.fecond part was retained, as Burnet sod 
others relate , in order to e^cclude catbofics 
from the advantages, to which the dHToiteis 
were admitted. Mr. Berington finds tbattha 
alteration has rendered the oath kfs tf0l^ 
cate4i by wjhich I prefume that he roeacs^^ 

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^ifjsaionahk to cothoUcs; <*) nrhfetos M iStut 
icomrary it mu& fireagdien tbeir confciendow 
difficolties, by esplaining to tfaem more fiiHy 
^e metniog of the legiflature ^ trbidi woaUl 
irith jofiice confidier the acceptation of the 
oath 10 its pfefeot form by catholics, as m 
complfcce renunciation of catholicity* The 
<iatfa of allegiance was not more d&^ally 
€isareJ fiom every oijeSion ( f ) by the changft 
tvhich was made in it after the revolotioA. 
For this alteration, by the omifiion of the 
word fightfol^ merely favoured the delicacy 
of thqfe fiibjf£):s.| who donbtidg erf* Williams 
light ^ were wiliitig to fweaj: allegiance to him 
as king de fa3of but it was not cakultted ts 
relieve the fcruples of catholics » whofe main 
cbjeftiom to it fliU fubfifi in full vigoor, as 
Mr. Bermgtdn muft know from very recent 
experience. The oiith of fupremacy, ctthet 
in its ancient, or in its prefent form, can 
sever be admitted by the profeflbrs of catholie 
j-eligion. They can never allow, that tht 
fpvereign head of the ftate is fupreme bead 
of the church , or of any portion of the church; 
and if, in tlie full latitude of modern cafaifiry^^ 
they should attempt to foften the rigour of 

■ " " ' I i l i < |f I I I . I'm 

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^e terms by Mattering interpretatioos ; tin 
worck of the oatli thus melted down and oewiy 
modified by modern refinement , would import 
a meaning direfUy contradidory ta the cont 
non acceptation, in. which they are received^ 
and tbey would shock every confcience, 
which refpe£l8 the fanflicy of an oath, and 
cherishes . the virtue of chriftian fincerityb 
The admiffion and acceptance of the oath 
of fupremacy might benefit a few noblemeo 
and gentlemen^ and we all fincerely wish, 
that the doors of parliament were thrown 
open to them by the legiflature. If the oadi 
propofed a few years ago had obtained the 
concurrence of the catholic body , the no- 
bility and gentry might perhaps have attain** 
ed this utmoft objefi of their wishes ; for as 
the principal claufes of it were borrowed frocD 
the oath of fupremacy , fo the real import of 
the two oaths was nearly one and the fame* 
But English catholics would not fubmit to 
renounce in words any tenet of their faitb, 
under pretence that thofe words fignified fome- 
thing elfe, which fimuthing thofe words did 
not exprefs. Every argument, which was 
advanced againft that oath, will recur witli 
redoubled force, if Mr. Beringtons fcheme 
to introduce the oath of fupremacy should 

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ineet Vith Aninteoaoce aiid fiipport; and tet 
him remember, that not one wor4 of rational' 
anfwerhas been yet given to thofe arguments: 
they have been repelled only by proteftatioos 
and appeals , and cries of flander, calumny 
and defamation* In cafe providence should 
permit Mr. Beriogton to trt& the fiandard 
of fchifm among us ; in cafe he should declare 
himfelf the vm told man ^ who is yet wanting^ 
io diffipdUihe charm of prejudice ;(f) the voice 
of our paftors will inffcantiy eccho throughout 
our congregations, to. aflure the people, that 
an adherence to his oath will be an efifeAoat 
feparation froit) the catholic trhurch ; and thus 
his followers Will only conf^ of tbofe few ^ 
who may be already difpofed(to ufe Mr. fic^ 
ringtons language ) to break down thin pard^ 
iions^ and to range in ffjcer fields, (f) 

I willingly pafs over the eofuing Cbenes of 
Mr. Benngtons comedy , to make a paufe at 
the reign of king James II. We are told on 
the credit of I know not what TranfaBions of 
Ae clergy^ that this prince refufed to admit 
the appointment of apoilolical vicars, whom^ 
almoft in the fame page, he admits and che« 

. C*) ^W« F "• Ct) «^«flf« ^^ 7' B. p. 5^. 



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( ^8o ) 
tlsheS) and to whom all the cathoIu!9 Hi Ae 
kiagdoiB fubrait, without aoy oppofition or 
appeal If a few of the men , who bad ch> 
noofed the toudeft agaiofl: Rome foi not 
fending Bishops, now clamoured agaioft thofe 
wbdwere ibM} it was happily a vain effort 
of that fktsut tfHat ctf infubordination ^ of wlucfa 
ve have ah^dy fiten lb many unfiaaces in 
^e preceding years. It vnll be the duty of 
litt future hiftoriao of our church to examior 
and to detail the reafbnjs and the motives « 
upon which t)ie Popes forbore 9 during fo madj 
years, to efiaUish any epifcopal jurifdi^on ifl 
England. At prefent I will only remark f 
that this condu^ of Rome authorizes a wel' 
grounded preftimption, that the reafons aHed* 
ged by the perfons, who are fb mu<^h blamed 
by Dodd and Mr. Berington for their fuppofed 
oppofition to the eflablishment of Bishops » 
had really more weight and foHdity r ^^^^ 
ttofe two confederates are willing to allows 
I would not hefitate to fub(cribe to^ their ceo* 
fures of thofe men ; ifl knew , that their op* 
pofition had been moved againft the efiabiisb*' 
ment of the epifcopal chara^er and autboritf 
in^~our church : but it feems to have bcco 
direded againft what they thought an uajufti* 

fiable aflumption of power, and aUb uffi^ 


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( »8i ) 

fhe anfkbitidos defigns of a f^ thtn; hy whom 

f hey ko«# that this liretch 6f adthOHty had 
been advired. fhe utmoftc(M(<i()U«nde,^ich 
they iofttred, Wis, that it #as tUtt iid iix^ 

proper fdafon to depute d Bishdji idtd £h- 
glaiid ; stud t&ey fuppotted this Cbhre^utoc^ 
by i-earooi, drawn (totii the dtf&c\:tit ckbOtt- 
Hanceft ill which oat thuf^h thth ftoed, both 
^ith refpea f6 Btiicktores cabal, ihd ioihi 
revolutibhs In ther ^ivit gtvierbfti^ht and the 

' dirpofitiodS of the t>ertbnit , irho eiereiledl 

poweir'durifl]g that ^ventfol period. Ifl ha4 

time (0 c6lU£l, to difeufs and to, compaxe 

thofe fealbfiS, 1 i^lgbt perhaps give tiieih more 

i^eight, that] i feel itiy<elf atprefent di^pofedl 

to TAlbvt to theih. j^^oi* upbh a general tetro- 

rpeft to the fituafibn of £ngIisH cdthdlics« 

Itotd the retifeat of ftishop Smith 'to the 

deceafb of ChdrHs It, I am greatly incHne(J. 

to think i tllat an earlier apbointment! of Si« 

shops Woutd bave been higiily advantageous 

to the iAterefts 6f r^tigibn; and'io the fame' 

decree, f shall ceftainly difapprove the coti' 

duft -of the feguldt j)Hefi> and of a g'reat part 

of the la!ty , if t i>YialI ever (tifcover , that 

tRey (€t their htei $^mh the goverhiiftnt o^ 

tde ehufch by Bisbb^s, and involved t^e ge- 

ni»al qoeftiob itk the ^otofidejratibn b/tbe ia< 

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(a8a ) 
eonveoieficies ^ which they fufTered £rom tk 
Bishop of Chalcedony meafures « or in ^ 
prudential reafons 9 which may have rendered 
a delay in the appointment of Bishops atthx 
time expedient. Certain it is ^ that the difiur- 
bances occafioned by the mifiaken zeal of 
Bishop Smith , perhaps alfo by imprudeocio 
in bis opponents ; the fa£lious and ambitioos 
pretenfions of the Blackloifts, which aBiiiiop 
would eafily have checked ; tbe general abr 
mity of the times and the frequent perfecu- 
tions which catholics fuftained ; and above all 
the cbnftant reluftance of the civil power to 
admit and prote£l catholic Bishops , had bi* 
therto deterred the court of Rome from it- 
puting.any fuperiors of the epifcopal ordci 
into Eogland. . The acceffion of James U w 
(he throne removed the main obfiacle, anJ 
Innocent' XI inftantly embraced the ftvoo- 
ratle. opportunity to ettablish a fyftem ci 
church-government among us, which happily 
perfeveres to the prefent day , and has, for 
more than a century, fe^M^^d advantages touSi 
whicli the wifdopa and pr^jcjence of our com- 
munity will'.farely be unwilling to fore|f^ 
Duririg more than a hujndred years , thc^cathO' 
Iks *, under ]ii\\s lyfteni , have enjoyed p^^ 
among! ijhemfelves , ( for I liere forget tte 

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late difpotes upon the oath , which have now 
iubfided ) their Bishops have been equally 
refpedable and refpefled; no ambitious pre- 
lenfions to jtirifdiflion , no complaints of 
the actual ufe of it have diflrafled their har- 
mony; the rights of the fecular and regular 
xniflioners have been known and ibaintkinedi 
^ the Pope, has been confldered as a commoti 
father; hl^ decifions on our fpiritual concern^ 
have always been readily admitted ; appel- 
lants and Blackloifis have been buried in 
oblivion; — and shall this eafy ftate be ex- 
changed for the hollow reveries of a reftleft 
prieft , who , to the extravagancies of Blackloe ^ 
has fuperadded all the incoherencies of modern 
* philofophyl He pretends in vain to tell t\s\ 
that the clergy oppofed and never approved the 
prefent fyftem, under which they have To 
long enjoyed tranquillity and refpfeft t jHe 
reader now knows , hew eafily he^roftitutes 
the name of clergy, to fan£lify.themifcondo£l 
of a few individuals. He attempts in vain to 
perfuade us %_ that they only acquiefced in it 
from a preponderating loveof order ^ (*) , though , 
two pages before , he had informed us , that 
the new government, had neither coherence 

(•) M*m. p. 376. 

Nn a 

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( J»84 ) 
por ordif; but was, on the contrary, « fiicba 
ff ftate of infubordto^tion » di(brgani«ed M 
** Bpomalous , a$ \mi not before beep («eo is 
«» the chriftisin cburch, n (*) He <M»U5 1? w 
io vaio, (t) otyef^ions and rempoftmcn, 
|bted againfi thi* aaomchv^ goT«niiiKOt| 
^OQi I know not what Tranfafftons rtiai^tt 
^ Jfetti<tr eUrgy. The ignor^c^ , wbiqh tbq 

l>«fay» of the (M-ipc^|e$ and nmvitfof^ 

tual ^'urifdiflion , are an ample proof that tbe| 
mpere <iot the work of the clergy. Tftey wj 
l^ave been the difwginijf^d qoiQpIaiot$ Qf dil?;^ 
flointipeQt or difcootent ; snd though 1 ^ 
no hi^oriciil grounds to C9II them tjje WQti 
pf Mr. John Sergeant i yet this gentlep>9i» 
tfqly qnQtnqIpus diffeFtatioo on poKfrt wbid) 
^vs Berington with coipplacency eaUs^' 
thai cf r«afoa « would a{mQ(l authorise m^ ^ 
attribute theip to him, («) To gi?^ cfi« qj* 

C**)>»4. Ct)p. 338. 

(tf) John Sergetnc, ^ti ^rnin^ot BlacWoift, whofeco»- 
troTerfitI ^d^qituret ire deuJlcd bj po^ Vol. IH* 
p. 4ja, «rc. Wit QtigifmUy ^c^ i^ ih« pw^wt *«^* 
ac Cambridge } and lvaviii| mbra€e4 %l^t q^holk relifi^^ 
was ordained prieft at Li^on. He is the author of t 
ffftcm of controverfy 9 entirely grounded on ^Tie enoofooi 
prieeiplea of Blatkloe, wbith Me pa^isbed in a book 
entitled Sun PMing. This book waaatucM ^SF ^^^^^ 

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( »«# ) 

xiops rea4er 9 tafle qt tUefe 4«fktB'mt^ \ vr^l 
here copy., froqa IVJr. CerwgtQO, (•)«!» coa» 
flttdtng psifr^^e; 3p4 fcbofar? kopw tbst th|f 
paffage, as well ?« the firft fsnten^e of «Tery 
lesiroed work, Ii99 a prefcriptive right to b# 
nicely rounijed , fmoothed 9nd veneered. « They 
«» ( the ^icsrs apoiloUcal ) fays the learned Joh9 
•» Sergeant, have power given them under 
M their hatids to do this, and all power is 
n eflentially ordained for a^ion : and yet this 
» power is not to a£):, and therefore in efl&d 
n is no power « hut is difabled from aCUng« 

■■ ■ ■ ' f ■ . 'T—^ lit ' H ^ ■ 1 rH '«' 3 ' >Ji* * BW i» i j ^11 ■ IM i» » 

liad proteftant divities, efpecially by Dr. Pectr Ttlbot, 
fftcliolic archbhhop of Du^litt ; and ft WAS dtfcnded \m 
iFarjoufi c^aa |^y cbe amA^* H9 A^fl* ^ kave pofitCTed^ 
linaU ^tuire of Ul di|;e(M kQowledgaimuch pftfoniKioii^ 
and an ard^c temper , fuiced to the genias of fa^op ^nd 
party. He 'was cloftiy coimedted Ita frieqdsliip and error 
with BlackkKS, and aW» with onf famous vnb^Kevct 
Hobbes. Among tbt catboliCi, be was bfiiaUy calleid 
Blackloet PbkHn^ in i|Uu8o9 to t|i9 Aconiiry p«n> IfbS^ 
Philip Melanchthon a^ed onder LntHer. He endeavoured 
%Q cooQt^nqQpe Oates* plot, by giving Inform^tiop to 
fOfernmentof Ibmt idle and irrelevant converHitiony whi^ 
he ptttepdod to have heard from Jefuics abroad. Hie 
MSS. aie cited with nmch apptobation by Mr; ^eringtoip. 
An ample ^ccoynt of his ^hep)qgic|J g^fi^rditief imy bp 
jfoond in filaMQ090 imnfi bifi, & (Qofifi. ly lAminuh 

C^)p. 383- 

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n "vpbfch it could not be, but by ^ fupett^ 
*m power. Atrd what power can that be, bst 
» ttsoppoficepowe^,the extraordinary power) 
V Wherefore the extraordinary or humao pow- 
Ver is the commanding and over-powerio; 
n power, and the ordinary , which is of divine 
n ioilitucion, is the poor, weak, fubieryieot 
n power, and miift not difobey it; that a, 
^f» the divine power has no power at all, to 
» what the human will allow it ; for thcwofH 
n agrees , that the ordinary power is divinci 
n and the extraordinary human. « If the 
reader has traced the evanefient line of rcafofl 
IP this paflage., or.has mended his ideas od 
the nature of epifcopal power, I wish him jof 
on his improvement. Some, perhaps, willb^ 
as little furprifed , as I am , that the new 
ipoftolical vicars, in the reign oiF James ff/ 
civilly refufed to new-qaodel an cftaWisbrf 
fyftem of church*govemment, in compli^^ 
with the dedadions of fuch theories. 

In fpite of Mr Beringtons predileflioii ^J 
John Sergeant and his fyftem of epifcop 
poi^^er, there exifts a lamentable difierenccrf 
opinion between them; and I trufti ^^ 
Mr. Berington will referve it to form ^^^' 
tide in his book of Retradations. H« ^' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( aS? ) 

fbrmly maincaiDs, that our £ogIisfa cfaurA 

and its jurifdiflioo never failed , but that the. 

church cominued to be governed (though all 

ks governors were dead) by the inferior paf- 

tors. ( * ) This indeed is his favourite thefis upoa 

this important point; and though it does ooc 

infpire him with any thing like gratitude to 

the feminary priefis, who, continued on ttus 

happy governnunt by inferiors ; yet be deduces 

from it the right , which refts with them oIom 

of withdrawing their acquiefcence from the irre^ 

gular and abufive fy^m of apofiolical vicars 

appointed by the Pope, and of vindicating to 

theinjelves the rights of a parochial rninifiry: (^\^ 

Mr. Berington will pjobably be able to shew 

them ^ how^ in his new fyftem, inferiors may 

be fuperiors or governors , without deftroying 

the eilablished order of relations » and how , by 

their inferior fuperiority ^ they may acquire 

parochial jurifdi^lion , though no fuperior go* 

vernor should cboofe to confer it upon theia^ 

^ere may be little difficulty in demohdnn 

ting this; but it will require found deduSUont 

ofreafon to reconcile all this with the doflrine 

of John Sergeant, who pleading with the new 

apoftolical vicars for the continuance of the 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 488 ) 
chspttr, eipofes the evils, Mrhich AiaftbeM 
English ciiholics at the death of the then 
«*ifting capitulars, fdr want of 9 fianding or- 
dinary farifiiaian aftioog them. The firft of 
Aefe evil* is, that Without this ^artding of£- 
nan fWifdiaidn of the ehaptct, #e cannot fn- 
fitly H eatttd a thurch. (•) He atkfio#icdg« 
no other wdhutty jitHfdiaidn , bot that of *e 
diapter ; and o€ courfe yfe had tto chorchi 
before th^ creation of it in the reign of Jafl»e5 h 
and we have had none* fince it expired « 
the reign of Ja«es II. It were a pUf. m 
t^ofoch can6ntfts ihoold «ffef about the ^ttj 
teifteoce of the ehurch , Which they are te«ch. 
iog us to gorerif. If they eartfiOt \)^ tecoo- 
died, I hope Mr. Betingtoft Win at leaft «• 
ftrua w,h0W, inhiSfyftem otinfir/ofgoferiufrh 
we have efcaped the many pvils. Which job' 
Sergeant ib Wofblly dreaded. 

. If we believe Mr. Berlngton , better day* 
were then approaching, for i/ prof id*»f*'f 
indatgid Mr. Sergeant and bis friends v"^ 
longer /pan of life . (to ufe Mr. BeriopoM 
• language, where he deplored the early *««» 
of Oliver Cromwell) <'t) if thej could m 

C*)P-3«5- (t)p. 399. 

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Ifpaaned only half of the curferii eefktuiy'; tW^ 

Woufd have feen all their dfidn/tdUs fediieecl f6' 

rlsgular concordance^; difir^ani/ed inJahotiiM' 

fion yielding to the HapPy i^eii otfUtSortUtihMj 

a' gkAeM/yJUrti ifiabti'shii, liihetice peati'aAi 

tontdfithiij^ fio^i'ivery ichdfi6A 6f d/fiiiiiii/^ 

removed i and rtdeS tdid d6vi^, WMrkf pifi^i6f 

*verf defcription , fecutar and regdar , muA bt 

'^ireaed. (*) All this U efieaed By the irks 

of B^ncdidXlV iii ^i ydart tfiS- aM t?^! 

» to Ub injudfitbhs ; »ys Mh Berih^t6ii'{ 

« aft fuifmiitted, atid the' happy e^iSii of joff 

A fabdfdhiatioft haV6 been ^xperiettcfedA V'c-' 

rhy I tM&k, if idhd Se^iaot cdt^ lAVii 

ffyatrnfid- t^iit sln(Sth^ HMif^6iihtttrjr ,' He tiftf^ 

ntni^ laV^ batdt tii« deduSRddk of, rtoJbdi'H 

Wbdtd haVe fang t^ith jcly the NtiJic dli^tHii 

arid ^oold ilavi t^roufly wished t6 be ^B«r^ 

tiiito Blkc&tdfe dhd his othtr (orefiKht^^. KiA 

;^et;(fuch ire <hd dAorhilUs in th« chatkAefi 

of meri) ^\t Kappy Ihhe of things. doe JOfdi 

y^f M^ Mr; Bedhgtdo. ' loftead 6f y^^Mii^ 

ting t6 rt* itijuHdibHi 6t SehWifl XJfV, t^ij 

jpablMer ihroiighbut Eiigland app^b' and 

prdti^fi'r ^^iifi thVp^liii)^^', who ei6eut^'4tid 

tnfdrc^'tfiliii. iDibad'of fiibaiitibj; <d Bi^ 



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( ^99 ) 
^hops , which Blencdid XIV enjoins^ he cxdto 
others to difobey theto ; inftead of maiotainiog 
their authority, he woxild overturn the wbok 
lyftem^ under which they enjoy it. Wh^ 
an anomalous man ! Is he fure, that any other 
fyflem , except that of the Throckmonoflisfl 
poll, would pleafe him more ? 

I have animadverted upon this parr of 
Mr. ^Beringtoqs performance principally ftr 
the fake of obferving , that the appIicadoQ 
nad^ to Rome in the. pontificate of Beo^ 
di£t XIV , which Mr* Berington magnifies 
into a ^quarrel , Was one , of thofe regular /f 
CGurfips to a fuperior power ', which mufi bap* 
pf n 10 every government ; t]iat it was prof^ 
cuted oil all fid£s in the mod legal foris ^ 
^u3iQns ^cf rea/bns pTtknt^d to the^acknow- 
kdged judge , whofe decifion was leceim 
with rerpeft, and has been ever fince obeyed 
ytrithput reluflancef tc^ occafioned no cabalsi 
Dp protellations^ no appeals^ no reclamation}^ 
of privileges or exemptions t not eyeo ^ ^sbt^ 
my knowledge goes, any private murmurifigs 
or complaints- Would to God , that all papal 
^ecifions on fpirituat government lo the (lays 
ofEHfabeth and James, had been equally ref" 
pefied! Strange mull have been the nifcoocep* 

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tions orprcpofleffions , wWcli itidticScf Mr. Ber- 
ington to exafperste fuch a proceeding into a re« 
fraBory difpofition , a rituSance to cBey \ and uh 
undervaluing of fpijcopal jurtfdi3ion\ (*) •Since • 
the arrival of the Popes briefs id £ngtahdtand 
* the publication of his orders « I may fafefy def^ 
him to produce a fingle inftance of refrado/rinefs, 
or an a£l of difobedienee to epifc^dpal jurif^ 
di£Uob 9 untill the late unhappy period arrived » 
when he himfelf became fo eminently guilty 
of both. 1 conclude then with askings witii 
what conOnence this man can advance this 
odious afperfion , that the prefent.fecular and 
regular clergy of thi ir^fterh diftriA are men; ^ 
yi die majority of Wfeofe ^nceftorsy if not 
w themfelves, hdve refifted ^indefencfe'ofidle 
«r iiAmunities , ' th^ candhic&I jurilHiAibd of 
n BiAo^s in all titofes and ioalireafonsra(t) 
• . V'J o: '^ ■• • * . ^ ■ .. 

, Tbft remaining part of Mr Betin^ontf 
SvppUmeat xtX^xtt to matter too freshen th# 
recolleftipn of the public, to need any ftrib* 
turcf upon It. Perfonf , who ha«e read tht 
(everal pufblicatidns, which it ocoaftooed^ wilt 
be able to pronoopc?: upoa the degree of cre- 
dit, wbicb. his narratioii :deferves; .Theft ^ 

OO 2 

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jrhft bivft only bei^d the ecdio of that aoify 
contf overfy # vithoi^t having lludied tlie pea- 
Capie^t the political vi^ws, tbp diiappoim- 
^SDeiH%^ aod the refeotineniis of the meo , wtm 
occa(ioiw4 it i m^y form a jp^gmrpt fym 
fffaat they have here rea() , wi^atber I pff& ov« 
Mr. I^ogtoof 40P9^9t 9^ Ht ^iH^gb aaj 
loabilitj tp .^etc^l hi^ %W(ffls aR4 tp rc^ 
hi$ mis ftatements* The multitude of 4i£m^ 
^hjch I h,9?e hitherto, re^f^fl^d , may be 09 
iraffapt\ th;|t if I fp^re him io this latter emt, 
|Dy forbearance p&nn<¥ arife from dre^4 ^ 
^0 .a4?ffT(¥y « y^^^ I l^ve hs^rdly fy^vM 
\n^ ^ l^mc iri)th frpm the begiooiog of bif 
^pk. Thp anticip?<e4 refutation of Jiia $a* 
femQQt of fcfts nn^y bf f^ clft^^b^r^f mi 
lie innftt th? fnsin, wM9fi I will in4»lgf Wth 
f review of ? contrpverfyi wW<?h. fe:W»pW 
father confign to a future hifiorian^ to be rc^ 
%ited, whenit mayghre inftru^^ooy Wt^fiboc 
feviviDg animofitles. At pifelbnt; m clofing 
thefe remarks 9 I will ei^reat the reader to 
•bferve ^ how exa£Uy the ' three'' pirts of 
JAti Beriogtons book dtmooilrace the realky 
of the* imeaiions^ which^-as I iia^ed in my 
^ddtefi) ififiuenoed ^hiiD' in ;tha coa^>ofitioo. 
To beat dowii papal and epifcopal junfiiic- 
tion J to vilify vh€^<| ^0 fupport i^ .to ^ittro* 




dfice a new-nodeIl«d hierarc^Ti e^cv wlth^ 

rUk of.crewng fchifm, is the i»wi olpje^of 

(he wboie.warki and to tStd it» be hii 

purfued U^^ tnu:k. of other iniiovarors, he b;^ 

falfified hiftpry* Witbout tha( artfiil addr^fsg 

with wbipb genius can {ometinies deck w% Z 

f^Ife phantoo ia tbe garb qf (rMth; without 

even an appearance of tefpe^ for bjs catbolif 

fea4ers« be b^ here groCMy prefumed upof 

fhdr toul ^j^r;)nce Y even Mpoa tbeir ^bfplutf 

stupidity, lie tUtQ atrpiritif^la^thqrity ^berer 

ver be me<Hf it- Tbofet wb© at apy tim* 

4iave opp(>rtd it% mod ^f ^QOniMi wepty 

appellants at ppf perjodvlialf a d^sjfn ptacfc- 

loifts at ^ifpthfr, become, the b94y of tb? 

cathoU^pl^rgyj fi^ this vpper^ble body^ i» 

^e firft ioiiapcf^ , ^wipdlea to a few young itn4 

ignorant 0/fn, aliifr^ #r i^ntimidat^ \^f Je? 

fuitti (*) In the (ifcof^, \x if 4e*gr?ded intoji 

band of ignorant ^n4 m^kvpl^M Hgon, (t) 

Evety thipg iindfr Mr- ftsringtpps m?nag^ 

fnent cbai^ei^ its ifiat^rei &£lf as v^tW a^ fe^r 

fences ^ ar« (^^inupll; prefept^d, vUb tl)^ 

wrong en4 vipiys^rd^i. an4 ?» t^U fiigbf peiv 

Raps pafi <of liiilpry, if we Britkb catbplipj 

were really as ignorant and deflitute of educa- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Amg as Mr. Berington has proclaimecl us i» 
be« C"^) <^ fnan of fame letters has ao advajicige 
in telling {lories to his ignorant^ ill-idugaai, 
and unfashioned brethren : trnt when he iofolts 
our underiianding to fuch a degree, as fi> 
fuppofe us capable of believing the p^epofi^ 
rous, incoherent and chimerical talc ofPto- 
zani , he muft then fur^ ly fuppore us to be 
f^ill more narrow-nunded , more d^ciiBtinn^ 
tin talents than he pronounced us to be thirty 
years ago; (t) he muft harbour the fioe 
contempt of us, which by his own accouot, 
the earl of Shaftesbury expreffed of the British 
cation, when he faid of Oates* plot,«*^ 
» more nonfenGcal, the better : if re canflot 
» bring them to fwallow wOrfe nonfcofe tbw 
n that , we shall never do any good wiw 
» them. »> ( S ) I truft however, that W^ 
catholics are not entirely bereaved of fenfei 
and if they forgive the inftilts of their rcvilcr* 
they will not be mifled by his wild narratioflS 
to countenance his attacks upon power, ^»^^ 
It is now their peculiar duty and iotereft '^ 
refpea. -They know , that if afpirit of iof^^'C 
ordination, has fometimes tainted a few mem' 

(*) Stet$ en4 B^av, p. i6a. ft paffim. ^ ^ 

(t) »W. p. 139. ($) IhU. p. ^5- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

b«rs of our religious community , it has alvay* 
been checked and fubdued by that mighty 
engine, which God has planted in his churchy 
^iritual authority. Authority , eflentially re^ 
quifite in every government^ is frequently 
* galling to huoian pride ; and when innovators 
affed a zeal for the propagation of their opi*. ^ 
nions, it is not real concern fi3r tbeii; do^rine$ 
or their extravagancies of genius; it is hatred 
of authority, which goads them forward* 
^hey loudly .claim freedom of opinion , and 
an unlimited toleration of all religious dodri- 
DCS; they affeft to llyle their own errors 
by the gentle names of har^ilefs theories^ 
or ranges in freer fields; and when their oppof 
nents ufe the fame liberty in refuting their 
novel doArines ; thefe refutations are incol^^ 
rantly decried as bigotry , fuperilition, enthu^ 
{iafm and fuperllrudures of the fchools^aod 
Holden , the admirer of Blackloe , is called m co^ 
analyfe our faith 9 and to afcertain what we 
may and what we may not believe. Cathoiie 
' priefts on the contrary look up to tbdr Bi« 
shops and to the fupreme Bishop for informa-^ 
tion on difputed points of feith . or of difd« 
pline ; and when thefe prelates have pronoun:^ 
ced, the doflrines of Blackloe immediately 
shrink into the dais of human.opimpof, which 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( a9<5 ) 
lAtntions Weo would fup6radd to the depot 
torn df faitb. Mr. Berington iixipro?iog upo6 
hh model , advances in a mdre dired list 
lAftead of cavilling about opinions ^ faeattacb 
bis edeiny in front , and at once invites the 
dergy ^^ ^^'y afound him itod to witMraw 
their dcftikjcince ftofh that irregular and abufin 
iuthoriiy of th€xt Bishopar, which is the eter- 
nal objca of his hoftiliiy (♦) He knows that 
every new attack may contribute to impair it; 
and as he glories in the deeds of the ancient 
appellants, fb alfo he exults in the oppoftiotf 
of his modem Staffordians againfi a princifd 
part of that Jtothorify, the integrity of whidi 
is neceflary to riiaimain the purity 6f refijfiati 
iind the refpeft^Wlity of its mihifters. Eottirt 
Reringtons mdy qo^fy this oppi6fition as tfce 
aft of the catholic clergy ; ihongh this body 
has teftified the mdft unequivocal drfappfoba- 
lion of it , aiid wt>uld now he glad to Ut 
Mr. Berington ftand like Iftnael , fmgle handed 
and unfuppofted , iA his war agaimft th^t autho- 
rity y which they fo touch refpeft M^nus q^ 
eontra omnts , O mdnus omnium contra Hlof^ 
If his twelve aflbciate* have tten hfs etrorsio 
do6hine { if thejr blush to have adopttd one 
*" ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ■ ■ ^1 . >^. ...... ^ ^ ** 

. (*^ Mm, p. S4«. 


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( 49? ) 

tof them in their ^h\ic appeal to tbe catholics 

t>f England : if they dijQike his dsiogerous 

political tenets; if they acknowledge the divine 

authority of our Bishops i they will furely 

remeoiber with regret, that they have un^« 

rily joined him in an attack upon that autho^ 

tity, and that if their firft miAake may be 

/- Viewed with compaffion , their perfeverance 

\n it 9 in defiance of the known truth , will at 

length be blamed, as culpable obfiinacy. Duo 

funt^ quiB in errore hominum difficilhme tokran^ 

tar ■: prce/iimptio priu/fuatn Veritas pateat; & cum 

i^am pataeriij prttJumpM defenfio falfiu^is. (*) 

• • • I ■ — i- -• — ^ 

C*) S. A9t.L.fL d$ Trih. in PfHtm. 


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; :.'.>. 

: ,. i 

r- . •. 

.'-y,- . :•. >'^'V iV. ..\ 

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CoJpT of a Letter fiok the R, MrMi^^',^ », 
t» the author, .. /. ,... > 

f I 

AAvS read the heavy ti^otkf whkk1Mr.&er> 

Tington rias thought proper to antitle TheM'tmolrt 

ofGregorloPanianU Ppor Abeillardf It |s evi«» 

dent to the world 9 that he is playing a lo&ng 

gamb; dthetwift ; piqbiAg himrelf , as I/li;qow hef 

does , on cdntmand of temper 9 he would cenftinly. 

not thus egf egioully lore it % when it moft of a}! 

concerkis him to preferye it/ I was prepared ta 

excufefome little ftillie^ of impatience; b^t (urei^ 

in there pages, in which he had nothing 'to ob^ 

jeft to his advernr]^/ except their alfedj^d w^nc 

of moderation , common decency ought to Itfy* 

prefcrihed fome bounds to hii refentment. 

Pp a 

Di^tized by LjOOQ IC 

fit. BeriDgtont mode of r^afbnii^ and aftivgii 
tl^0ligh04r iiKomprelAm^If.^ yMnagoke 

Hbtanoakia gain the xfirpeA of the nation id &• 
voar of the catholics ^ by reprefeDCiog theni) Ur 
coj^ding to jfTopr juft Ql^j^e^yatiop^. aa-^a op&dioi^ 
JWi fla^**e|gars/^^) arid t^ eftablish its confr 
dence , by inainUiaid§ 9 whitft peoal laws yet 
hong oyer our heads , and catholic navies thra- 
tened an inVaffon,'that'**tEe govcrnmeDt wbkh 
«» is beft inclined to give us prote^ioo » bas the 
fi only right, to our allegiance, j^ (t) Atpe- 
fent , this ezcentric genius pretenda to cosdliaie 
the regular clergy by a general B^uft of tiMi 
and to win over the fecular' clergy to his plutf 
of reform, by dercribing the patrons, the fooodea 
and the ornaments of our feminaries as the rta 
inftead of the fttppon of thtir religion. 

For more than twelve years the catholic W 

: t^ieir ey^jf, f^ 

Sif % you Ms^ssM 
y ^jart gf )uS»Kb^^ 
^pdoinj;^ yp»,fe*^^ 
rvice to every ofrig^ 

[ppiunipi}y. Too wc* 

pW to;*r5^,^>^* 

errdri ; he Is re4u<;ea to ,the paif^rahlc Ipfciwcc w 

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< 8^» ) 

(nrotcnillog f^ ^a« be hu noc fe«4 j(iwr woff|:9;U| 

W^hict^ the cliargei id qaeftion arr cootain^ 

"Will ^hc , public t which has pc^ufcd yopr wgr*: 9 

give credit to this aflertioo^?, Cap ,yoo and I ami 

l|dr, Beriogtons three cbofen frieeda admit it ^ 

^fter haviog heard him reproach ];oa « that jw 

jhad not ta^cn all t>e ^Tf^tag^ pf h)m. io jwm 

|atc work 9 that yoo might havf done ? ) am 

glad to )tnow. Sift thai it is ypui intention to 

extend your Ktmarki tp. thia;.n(W mafterpiece of 

pur moder^i AbeiUafd; and: though , by the. ifl^t 

%t yoMt pa|^ cqmeftf with hhns h^Kh by Writing 

f^nd wo?d of moptbff I am /coi^inoed that xYm 

CiUife is Jn. good hands ; yet I U%\:^p anxi«iy« 

|hat fomf nqtica should be tii^en o| the pafkag^, 

1^ Which J. hi^ve the honour; 10. bie perfopally 

foncemcid. If the following TcmtTl^ oq thorq 

pfeciTf pa^es yiould accord With your general 

plan» you are xirelcome to somite ,t^e pf them V^ 

any way yoo s))all think proper, , , 

Mr, Berington sotToducefi|^|Ms remark! upov mft 
by complaining, that my late work is intitled Ecd^ 
Mufticfll Z>€moj^racY dcteffed^ It is the firft iot],^ 
mation ) h^ve received > that the name oS Democrat 
il uuacceptah)^ t(^ Mt* Berington apd Ais friendSi 
The tu^tl^j^ ,:that in mq^ woiks, which ^re Written 
vpofl a plaD^iffeieni from Tkr memoirs of Pan^aai^ 
thi; titif 1^^ i^ an aUEtraft of their contents. If 
1 hive not proved my thefis^ was it not Mr. Ber- 
ingtons buCnefs to shew this? He next complains 
iha; V:jSVfrfv.(k^p.,Which^he took in running 

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4^ lMfM|h t&y bOdS was p^infUi to him. ti I btvi 
lib aothority to deny this iaflfcrtioa ; and I may 
add 9 thic when I foccf down to write my worfct 
iDoft aflfuredly I did not calcalkre it fbr the mnft- 
neot of Mr. Beriogton oi of tfaofe 9 wtio think 
With him. «< The* terms, he fajrs , which are moft 
* ftnriliar to ftie, are EkretiCf Schi/hiatiCf fiv^-^ 
ifi tor f Hypocrite ; which however , he telly or,ii 
sf» are not alwap; Broddly fpoken'9 but only in>* 
sf» plied. 9» (*) HdW rerm^ can be famillwr to me 
Which I d<^Ddt y^toif/butWhlcK where iop/fi 
is a parodox ift Mr. Beringtons ufual way. In the 
s>eao time it is ftMtala , that' it has never hm 
aflerted or e?en implied hy me 9/th4t either Mr.Bo^ 
ington or hit lay fiiendt was an herftic or s 
Jthifmatic I have only dcfm6Dtr#ted> that die 
latter has poblishea Citings contaSciog bereQr "^^^ 
fehilte; which points if Mr. iJ^Afifeton thinb 
proper to deny, I am ready to ctoijteft tben with 
him 9 es I have three tiroes done 'With thelayzniK 
As to the other ntifeentlemaiinke' ^^^ds, which 
I am accnfiid of having adopted', X tsoBc pk^ 
goilty to the chafgc. The feft is , when I fo* 
Mr. Beringtons friend , like Mr. BMngtoo himMU 
in one part of his work recommending the oath 
of fupremacy to be taken > Ct) and ia stJOthct 
a&rting that the human law y* ^Miicb eojolBi^ 
this oath , « militates againfk a divine ippoiet* 

(♦ ) Pref. p. Titl^ (t ) S0i$nd£MSir p. *< j 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

tti69t;;i» C^) I haye no ot^r ^etm exprefihre 6h 
wmy jdev on. the occafi<m« tbaii diat of^c gl^h^ 
if^^ujift^Hcy. Again^ whtD I hear ;he tHme gen-* 
tleman» iQ ^on with bit chaplain^ <eU the et^ 
tji^ic?^ that 124 pneftSf ^^^ ft^red;in the reign 
of EUrabath «<.w/6te martyrs to the depoQng poiarert 
m Opt CO their n^igioo; n (f) I koow of no 
faftc^ expreffion j with which I can cjbara^tei;^ 
the milbhiev^iua falsehood t than bf calling It a nkh^ 
^'(^ifi mifripre/knt0iQn. Finely: whm the lame 
m^Qr reptoaf hes me, in cocsmon wich the reft 
of the catholic cje^gy » an4 in f he. fhce of the le^ 
f iflatore » that by^afion of «< our preftmt ecdeliaftical 
9» government y neither my principles normyatle^ 
i^.giance are ibcure; «i ($) I cannot help tellifag 
}um 9 in jihe iam^ poblic manner, that what be 
advances 9 is an unMushU^ faljihooj. U is bov^ 
•ver remarkalivf , that « Mr. Berington ^ whofb^ 
deljcacy^is fo mqch shocked with chefe terms^ 
cany jn the very next page^ reconcile himfeif tot 
^hp qfe pf Iang9«g9f which he coaM never haver 
heard any wherev» but among the , collieries, of 

We are next prefented with a flaming paiiegyria 
on^Mr« d^ingtons patten Sir* J. Tbrockmoi^toiu 
lyith this I am little difpofed to quimel : on tkt 
contrarjr# t ^iyc^t. Ber^^on credit for his g^ 
titnde to a g^nttequan^. to whom Jlie ha^ greats 

T[: : > ^. ^> - --^ ' '- ' 

i*) IM. p. 93. &C. Ct) Fttftl^n €o^fid. p. roa- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

ftbllgi»9tti t imt Why u not thte flnti&iimtl«ri» 
ter cqoslljr flnflMe df pifk, m be it ^f preM 
favours P You,>Sir, lA?e reminded him of ft fool 
old nuii> befood the high iiklairtiMB^ at #Mlt 
ttptiife he Wtrfed 9 cloathed add Is^oeated doriBt 
nany long jnein^ (*> cif tt^oHi all boDtft«ei 
f^teak well y ^xbef^t- Mr. BMngtom , trhoffe coabiift 
tofloDi to him Were^ to feir Ck>d » to hbooar tte 
king aod to lo^e his 6fethren ; and y ec Mr. Aetl^gtcNl 
]» DOC ashamed to eypfefs a HtHsh; that his di 
beneAdor vftite ftripped <if all his property, flrf 
is toever wearied ^ith mifVeptdteneilighimf is tU 
tyrailt of hit Q^irttoal chUdtW^ tfbd the aitiby ^ 
this -opMitry. 

The pan^ytio in qoeftion is; imjpoaoced io dM 
to aocounc Ibr The loog controvefiy iirbiclr til 
taken place betwten the laygentlVdMh iodltiftB 
On this head, Mr.'Berlngton #oidd have thepoW< 
believe, that it v^tf itficr th» 'Oortli*^ e^ 
fimtheni diftrtat wero prOviAeS-WiCh^ishopi, ^^ 
theiliyman aMvefied Aisletter to thetlergy, i^'^Ai 
Be intimates , cbncatntd. notbing'-but la m^ '^'^ 
SI nocent theory, intended for the amaftit^^^ 
irithe learned, m to^liy ilncotineafed ti^'tft piic^ 
ttee, and that it' tras jult fi'ttkWfe fetS bWivWI 
IWien I raiftd ItiOto ti flame , a 'by •tfc()wit^ ^^^^ 
fi'pots npon it. "t* XT'!) 1*^ tmtd^bred roddieft, Sitjt 
t»^ld call -H^if Rat«mhiti a iitiOfMs tklfiepfil^ 
iation. In ftft the laymansrletterMSrJ dstf ^5^ 

C* ) iUawr*. p. itik ( f) l^l^r p. m 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3^8 ) 

9^. iJSpff tiiiich was fome moflths pTtor to the 

appointment of the Bishops of the ndtrthem and 

routhern dtftrifts. Independetitly of thiSf Mr. Bet# 

ington^ who boafts of hit bting «c well acqutrhittkl 

»i with the works of his patron , i^ ctmld tot be 

ignorant 9 that the main drift and tendency of hii 

letter' was, to induee fhe* London ttergjf xt^.tt^ 

i^^emble and to t\t6t the gentleman , *^ whofe nb^ 

»^^ mination, he complained « met With oppoBtioik 

^ «t Rolfde.. >% (*) It was not then dnitr anihi-^ 

prejjion thm-a departure hai been mttdi'jrdin ifH 

ufage ef venerable antiqaity\3ii Mr. Bttini^otf itL 

• ferts ,\( t Ji that the by gentleman wfore^ bis letter'; 

it wasr to induce ui to depart from what'We^Arf^ 

to be t^B praa;ice of the univerfai chuWirby api 

pointing '^i^hops to two iraeaht diftriiflb. It i^ai 

toot a fpe((alativ6 theory i'i>i6'^(cd fdr^thii'HiMdfi^ 

Inent of ifli^' learned; -it Was^a pfa^ical: call opott. 

the wholt body of the'dih-gy' f- to new<^oiMl theit 

cccleGaftical conftitntloefsr This -eflSiy would hot 

fcav6 falleft xh the ground i if it had not beeib 

anrwer«d« if \dsp nilty beJKve the auttibr.ctf ir'» 

Whio iijformf us9\thlt fajs "bnfy ibrfbn foir nttticSng 

Ws dpponentswas, that hfe liad corner to i-Ai^ 

fi teriftinatron of repritadt^ n his faitioos letMi 

iJrhich he acfc6rdlngl> pe»bfm(ia. (i ) fhiklif (and 

6ftl^r5it I hope ]^ou'WiiI renhnd thd jpuMic j 

■■-.''• * , , ;,*•'. 

. . - . ( - r I . I , . j^ 

j C^) Lettiron epfcintm. &c. p, aj, 

( t ) P^^f- io mem. p. xxiij, 

(5) Pufi»: c$nfii. p. 4u ' *^ * 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3o6 ) 

th? fyftem thtt vat recoamended to m ^ wss bqC 
%n:inn0Q^m one, as Mr. Berii)gtoD figdifiest boc 

the f(lf famo oiirchi^vous plan , the. adoptioo of 
which has torn the French nation fropi ciie livini 
body of the church. It is true t Mr. Bcriof cm 
waves the only point i Which it concerns the paUic 
to know f by a device » which might leaft of all 
be expeded from him f namely 9 an avowal of his 
ignorance ^ the matter in debate, t am ixir, 
he ftyst a competent judge. Thus the im\y thingt 
which Mr. Beringtpn is ignorant oft is ptwifdy 
thatt which has been determined by the lawfal 
authority of hia Bishops, who amidft the applanfes 
lef the furrounding^prelates and of the chief pafior 
himfeif I ^ve pronounced that the fyftem in ^efiioa 
is trroneam^ fchifmatical % and const ary ia ihe/kiik 
^tht church. (*) ,He take^ care to predode the 
,only excnfe that a catholic could fet np for his 
pretended igi^orancf, bycppfeffing that he hasfeeo 
the paftoral letter of the Bishopt^ which however 
be Fidifules by asking ^ «i if any one cw tell , wby 
9* the paftoral letter briiigs to his mind a meny 
f» play of Shakefpear? n I have lludiedthis riddle 
with the attention due to the enigmas of a great 
mant. apd I can find no other folut^on^ except 
that the paftoral is entirely, made up of qaotadoDS 
from the holy fcriptures , the councils and the 
Fathers : for it is obferved / that in proportion » 
as any fubjed is folemn and facred, it is moftspi 

(*) See f^Hsl Uttn Dec aS. t79a. p. ai. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3c>? ) 
^o excke the mirtli of Mr. Beringtonr I have al(b' 
Itudled another riddle, which he propores^ when 
he terms my book of Democracy a Prologue to this 
merry play of the Paftoral. To this I am confi- 
dent DO oiher aDfwer can be given , except * ihac 
ny work was printed and published feveral months 
after that of the Bishops. 

If yoa» Sir, should adopt any of thePi obfer* 
vitions , you will alfo remark, that though Mr. Ber« 
Ington declares himfelf m lacompetent judge of hit 
patrons fyftem , which he intimates to be 4/1 in- 
noceof theory; yet he a/ler wards givei it uj) as 
untenable, by confefling, that the ofSce of con* 
firnmtioQ or Inftitution of Bishops now refides 
exclufively in the PoniijBF of Rome- (*) In con- 
formity with this doArine^ you will obferve , that 
Mr. Berington no longer calls upon us, aa hit. 
patron did, to carry the fortrefs by ftorm, that 
is , to give ourfelves ordinary Bishops, and to gee 
them inftituted by the firft prelate., who will 
charge his confcience with the farcical ceremony; 
but to begin a blockade' by teaming and buljying^ 
the Pope and our prelates into the fame meafure. ( f )^ 
As iar as this modification befpeaks confcience*. 
I give Mr. Berington credit for it. But will noCL 
every honeft catholic expoftulate with him in the, 
following manner. If it be true , that we c^nqoe- 
have a lawful Bishop ^nnlefs the Pope inititute Umi\ 
With what face can yon pronounce a panegyric on 
■'■ f , 11 lit ■ 11 I ■ ■ • * ^ ** 

(^) SufpUm. to mim. p. a^l. C t ) Md. p. 4^0^ 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

thofb vritingi « which call upon us to refift Ae 
^opc in the difcharge of this duty ? With vhic 
confcience can you inTult the guardiass of tbc 
flock, when they condemn the dcMftrine inqocf- 
lion , a& if they had been employed in cealimsi 
an innocent theory? 

Iff Sir, you are pleafed to adopt the fuhftantt 
of the above ftated obfervatioos, you will gnnSf 
me io a point » which I have at heart. As ta 
the pun, which Mr. Berington builds opoo cb^ 
tircumftfince of my being a meoiber of a cenaio 
learned fociety, and which be employe inttcsdcf 
argument through ten whol« pages 9 C^) ^ thick tte 
may be left in poffelBan of it. It may perhipst^ 
current in the neighbourhood of BirminghtOi 
though every where elfe it will be cried down» 
counterfeit ; and to fpeak the truth t he owci fotue 
plenfure to thoft , to whom he has* given fo oibJ 
juft caufes of pain. I think it allp ufeicfs , S:h 
to defepd either me qt yoHrfelf ag^fnft the chaip 
of being Pharifui and Hypocrlus\ which tif f?- 
thor in the abundance of his charity brings, api^ 
lis. (t) For the qucftion before the'catboJicfoW* 
is not about our refpeftive merits or demerits, tat 
about the orthodoxy and the truth of iil^ ^^ 
trines , which Mr. Bferingtoh has laid ^iforc ^^ 
on one hand, and. yourfeff ^d I on the otbet. 
lience I would only; consider thfe accufations i» 
queftio'n in a dofttinar view, I mean , ifitb rtfpcS 

T^T Prif p. Mijlcc. ( t ) na. p. av. te. * 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

£ 809 ) 

toiche.oxthodoacy ^f the priodptett m wlric^i |f» 

founds them. To prove that we are pot Chriftis^^t 

he argues in the following manner* ^ Tl?ey bia^oft 

ih their faith and they make wide their hope \ boi 

9» the gr^ateft of thefe is charity , which evidenjcly 

SI they have pot. I am then aothorifed to fay | 

91 that they are not chriftians ; for they want th4 

SI virtue ^ that is eflential to U% nature. Can therQ 

9> be a man« that is not a rational, animal, er % 

9» brute that is not fenfitive.P t» (*> If this cgr«» 

gious fpecimen of grammar an4 Ic^ic beadmitted*^ 

alas how hav^ we, all been hitherto imppfed upoii 

by our elementary books of inftru^tion^ which 

inform us , that what conftitutes a chriftian is % 

s> inwardly to believe and outwardly to prpfefs th^ 

39 faith and the law of Chrift« » ( f) But I forgptii 

that Mr. Berington , difiatisfied with our catechifipsn 

calls for one of a more comprehenfive kind , tha^ 

nay equally fuit Catholics % Proteftants , Presbyte* 

lians ai}d Quakers \ nay I prefume I muj^ a4d Deifts 

tlfo , if room is to be allowed in it for Mr. Beringtona 

philofophical doubts, with which you have charged 

him, concerning' tht vtry end for which wt wer^ 

created. If my chriftianity muft remain problen^a- 

tical for want of my being able tp prove my charity*. 

to Mr. Beringtons fatis&ftion , I have the corof^c 

to know that, according to the fame fyftem. If 

am not in a worfe condition than tho(^, who; 

have hitbextp thought tl^en^felyes Cbriftipins-, lea. 

(♦) UU. p.axtjj. Ct) ikwi^ CMcbi/m. p. I^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

thett belbn^^ to irtiatever church they may. For 
Mr. BeriDgcon roondly aflerts chat , «« all diurchs 
f> are imoleraiit , and as Aich undiari table s» C*) 
and of courfe » according to Mr. Beringten j^ 
m obchrifkian. n What now would any one Ibp* 
pofe is the proof, that a preacher of the goTpei^ 
boond by the nature of his profefflon^ and by a 
iblenn oath t to labour until death for the faiva- 
tion of fouls 9 brings againft a brother preacher » 
in order to prove that he is a Pharifee? Namely # 
that the latter, on a certain occafion, profcffcd a 
fbltidtude for this important ob]eft. The h&^ 
as yoo well know, is that Mr. Berington having 
acknowledged in our hearing and in the hearii^ 
of his three fKends, that he had advanced many 
Brings in his writings , which he could not juftify, 
4Md even much more objeSionabiepofltiens than thqfi$ 
which you had charged him with 9 I thought it 
advifable to remind him , in my late work , but 
in decent and conciliatory terms, of the neceffity 
there was of reiraSing thefe errors , on account 
of the detrhnent they might be of, to the fouls of 
many perfons. In return, Mr. Berington tells me, 
that my anxietjl^ on this head , proves me to be 
of the family of the Pbarifees. Since I am not al- 
lowed to addrefs Mr. Berington as a priefk, be 
pleafed. Sir, to inform him, that I call upou 
him as a man, to avow that in public which he 
is forced to own in private » and to dilabufe the 

C*) Rtf^"t9 y. H.p. y>. ^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3" ) 

puWic of thore erron, which he admits tfatt h% 
hu proi^ated. 

It> Che paflage to which I have jufk referred^ oQt 
writer is angry with me, for preferring the an* 
thority of Mathew Paris to his 0WD9 for the 
genuine text of the conftitutions of Clarendon ^ 
end for having pointed out his inconBftency ia 
profeflSng to defend the caufe of one , a wha 
f» died as martyrs have died , m and yet in afler*^ 
ting that ^ this fame caufe wean but few mariu 
ih of truth, n Let thofe, who pleafet be vtin 
of Mr. Beringtons compliments and .dedications s 
for my part, judgii^ from the literature and logie 
Which he has hitherto difplayed, I shall nevet 
• repine to. have him for my antagonift, but heaven 
preferve me from ever having fuch a defender I 

tf Mr* berington would condefcend to read 
beyond the title pages of the books whic|| he 
reviews » (*) I should be happy to difcufs <he 
remaining paflbges in. which, as he ^ fays ^ h€ 
Unmllingly noticts me. (f) I Would join, ifltie 
with him oti the queftion which he has ftarted , 
Whether , in the exiftiog circumftances , which 
I have ftaced , there Was more honour and con* 
fcience in our Bishops retracing the famous figna« 
ture,or in their feeming to adhere to ic, admitw 
ting that the original deed , which was prefented 
to Parliament, were ftill in exigence; but I have 

(*) Pref. to Mim. p. Xzii. 
(t) SttpfUm. U Mm. p. 443. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3" ) 

ftbvM that «His has bdbi deftroyed, and a corropt 
copy placed in the British roufeum iDftead of it. ^^) 
With equal pleaRire I would weigh the fix 6b- 
je^ofis , Which as I. have proved i Cf) ftaod in 
Ibll force at the prerent day againft the oath of 
James I, and Which Mr. Beringtoil» id his Qfoal 
Way 9 fneers at , becaufe he is unable to anfwer 
tbeni. ( $ ) Finally , as Mr. Bering^on is To fond 
Of recording his o\ifn dil^race^ (*•).! would once 
Aiore expoftf the treachery of that Janus -like 
dath , contrived by the few perfons , who werrf 
fti tlie CKret » to prefent one face to catholics , and 
inocher to proteftants » and thus to deceive both. 
But as matters ftand, I am feniible that this and 
^very other kind of argumentation would be loft 
vpon a writer of Mr. BeringtonS turn , who not 
6n\j refufes to anfVrer books and arguments which 
lire inconvenient' to him, but alfo profefTes not to 
*ead them. ($§) There is then but one writer, 
whoft authority I can, with any profped of 
ftccefs , oppofe to' him >, I mean , that he will 
admit of, and that is Mr. BeriDgtbn'himrelf. If . 
you have room, Sir, I beg you will publish the 
following short fpccimen of Berington againft Ber- 
ington , on fome of the leading points , in which 
his late hiftory diflffers from mine. You Well know 
that the prtfcnt conrrsril might be fwelled to the 
. ■ I . ' - , ■ w . • 

(♦) £c€lif. Dmoe. p. 305, (f^^ Wd. p. ao8. 
C $ ) SuppUm. p. 4a&. ( * * ) Snfplem. p. 435^ 

C$§) ^^^' PP- XV. and xXxir. ' ^ * 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


bulk of nlmoft all Mr. BeriRgtons hetvf piiblica«! 
\ions , at there is hardly a poficion of any Impor- 
tance ^ that he has ^flerted in one page » which 
he has p^t cootradifted in another. 


\ OR . 


Tht oath 9f fuprp^ac^^ 

X. One bold man, by 
taking the.oaxb of Tppre* 
macy ^ may ^iffip^t^ Tltf 
whole charm of prej^d|cf 
and reftoreus to the moll 
valuable privilege of 
British citiicent; Init^i. 

ۥ AfM. p. II. 

S. With ^trtiftt admi* 
nble pr^ctfion are the 
difficulties « that bang 
oirer th6 oath of fopre- 
i&aqr 9 thus xemovcd t 

;; . r:. it 

ve refufe;totpJc«*,„, ^ft« 
fubjeft c^ ibe»B is f* 
much, of a f<?l«i9W .%• 
tare « a^ the GMU-ameof 
itfelf of The JLiords fupj. 
per- Wt arc requiircd by 
^ef(^ oath3 • • • ro^ d^l%* 
xe . . V that he, yhom w^ 
^n6der ai the ;he^d ^ 
our Qhurch^ h#s i)0/ fpjr 
ritual pre-eminence over 
us. A4irtfito$t(tProttft. 
Dijfent. p. p.. 27/18. 

8. Withr€gai>}>co,^iac 
j>ar«icul^r atrptigem'en; ^ 
5)irhich appoijitS;;the^ifig 
heiid of the chuii^i 9 wf 
fiyov f it is true » oy^ 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 


and it$^ el&ufet recooci^ 
led to catholic belief! 
SuppUm^to Mm. p. 32^. 

3. Neither beFore that 
period nor (ince , have 
there been roanj found , 
t^hofer^ minds were as 
fenlafgCd' > ' and *rhofe 
difcrimination Was as 
accurate, as were the 
mind and tjie. difcrimi- 
nation of Andrew Brom* 
Wich (Who according 
to Mr. Berington t6ok 
thfe oath of fopremacy ift 
the reign of Charles II;) 
mdikertfbrt has his ejf- 
'nmple been loft up^n Us. 
Supplem. to Mem. p. ^26. 

4. I ftrive , not , I 
hope , fuccefslefsly to» 
imbibe his (A. Brom- 
tricW ) n>irit and <*opy 
his virtues^ Suppl. p. 32^5. 

; didTent from it. Skmeni 
Bthav. of E. C. p. 15a. 
I wish to know , wbst 
idea a Proteftaoc affixes 
to the word htreticd^ 
which ^ in the oath of 
Itipremacy he applies to 
the depofing do^Srine. 
RefflOt. to J, H. p. iiL 
i. The moft refptaaik 
part of the clergy ( in the 
reign of Charles II ) de- 
clared their difapproba* 
tibn of the oath (of fo- 
premacy ) becaufc , ihey 
iaid , it obvioufly re* 
nounced the plenary jo- 
rifdiftion c&nfened by 
Chrift on Peter , and 
through him , oto bis 
Jlicceflbrs » offeeding and 
governing the oniyerftl 

\ We have men f 
who found iheir owa 
trumpets. Pref. to Mem. 
P- .xxvj. 

Juripiiclion of the apofloUc Jke. 

*J. So univerfat and 
undefiiied had the powelr 
of Hbhie been ( at the 
acc^on of felifabeth ) 
aall ut eccleSallical or 

I. They ( the Catho- 
lics in the reigo of Eli«> 
fabeth ) admitted as € 
part ofthdr religious be^ 
lieff a certain [aprma^ 

Digitized by VjOOQI^ 


J5?!fltiiaXV.k. that the 
pfimttlve fjghts of a 
firft Bishb^ could wrth 
diflScuhy be traced , and 
The whole fabric of hii 
jurifdiAfon feemed far- 
ther to be the contri-, 
Tance of human ambi- 
tion on the one fide 9 
and of weak conceffions 
OD the other. Introd. to 
Man. p. 78. 

a. How then should 
a ftate proceed , convin- 
ced that fuch a para- 
mount jurifdidtion was 
incompatible with its fo^ 
^ereignty, than at xmce 
to break down the whole 
xnafs? Ibid. p. 78. 

3. Confcious at the 
fame time that their de- 
crees would not afiVa 
l^i^hat was really diviAe 
and primitive. Ibid. 

cy ofjurifJimonyiivWii 
tho'' in i^felf no reiafqaufe 
of jealdufy , was thcli 
often miTconc^i vedt »Si;ai< 
and Bekav, f. 17. • 

a. The Bishop of Rome 
is our principal fuperior , 
as he is the fup^me head 
of the catholic church : 
but all his power being 
Wholly fpirituil , has no 
relation to cWil govern- 
ment. /ftiJ.p; 1^5. 

S. The rubjcft of the 
oath of fupremacy ( enac- 
ted by their decrees ) is 
as Qiuch of a religious 
nature f as the facramene 
of the Lords fupper. Jf^« 
dreji to Pm. Dljfcnt. 

ConduS of the duhpiics in EUfaheths reign. 
. ' fuftice, of the penal Laws. 

r If the catholics had 
aevet foogbt by isdireft 
xaKmtit to have ^vei^ed 
her Majefty with ile^ 
figtmencs "sgainft her 

X. I will take upon 
me to affert , that du- 
ring the long period of 
forty four years ^ during 
Which Elifabeth fwayed 


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crown » '•'•'• if^ Jefiiits 
had never been agents 
in thofe bloody defigns 
of Throckmorton » Par^ 
and Squires, ... moft 
tfluredly the ftate would 
have love^ bs , or at 
Icaft have borne with 
us ; there then had been 
no fpeech of racks and 
torturer &c. Introdu9. 
P* P* 35* S^- citt6, from 
WatfoDS libel by Mr.Be^ 
fiogcon» in fupport of 
his own refleftions. 

a. The caufe* of the 
SD&nv feverities exercifed 
on Catholics wer^ the 
enterprifes of difaffisd^ed 
inen. Introd. p* 70. 

3; Kone were ever 
vexed , f6r that he was 
i^ithtrr prieft or cathotic. 
Watjbni libel as ahbve. 

the fcefitre » her . . 
fubjefts t though ^nf^ 
Jhdaad per/bcmud^ were 
not goilty of ose «ff of 
jtreafon or rebellion. JkM 
oadBchav. p. a€. 

%. The catholics Biik 
merited the tresimeut that 
fell upon them ; and cod- 
fequently the laws of bcf 
(Elifabeths) reiga wot 

Srannital and unjuft- 
juil caufe was ever 
given to provoke tin 
enadion of the peas 
Haws. Jtdd. p. l$4» 

3. The prifons were 
filled with delinquenu, 
vhofe fole crime wis 
praying in the maoBer 
their ^confcienees direcp 
ted- Ibid. p. 3$. Bift- 
Wii raihlved to return 
thanks (for the defeat 
Of the ar^nada) id a fa* 
«dfice of human vidiiiSi 
Tbexse was not the fiml- 
left guilt ateongft dia 
shirty pri^ % who ttea 
fufiered. Ibid. p. a4. 

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i vr ) 

4« It was cot for tny 
tenet of catholic faith t 
that the clergy Were ex- 
pored to profecution. 
/taroJ. p. 34. 

5. They (the miffio- 
mry pricfti ) feemed to 
confider thetDfelves as 
the ibbjeds of a foreign 
mafter , whofe foVereign- 
ty was paramoimc and 
whofe will wis fopreme. 
iUd. p. 54. 

6. TThey had returned 
^ith commiffions from 
Cardinal Allen and his 
liolinefs under the po- 
Utive inhibition of the 
law, to diftorb the efta- 
Mithed faith of the coun- 
try , and to bring it 
again nnder the controoU 
ing jorliaiAioii of the 
Roaap Bisbop. Jkli. 

4. whoever denied the 
Queens fupremacy » was 
made guilty of high trea- 
fon, Jntrad. pp. 5. f. 
To receive the order of 
priefthood abroad # Mm 
exetcife any ilpiritiid 
fundion..« wete naadi 
aAs of high trtafon. Stait 
and Sehav. p. a5. The 
laws had now declared 
the proftflBon of their 
(the catholics) itligioSi 
to be treafod agaitift tte 
itate. Jbul. p. si. 

5. The cathcriies mrf- 
rtrfaliy acknowledged 
her (Elilkbetlis) titles* 
and on every occAOon 
were ready to ftipport 
her dignity and defend 
her civil rights. TAcycMify 
did not think htr tim 
/plriiual head of thelt 
church. Jbld. pp. 16. 97. 

6. It isfaid, thatpo^ 
pish priefts have an un- 
bounded zeal for making 
profely tes. Were it truc^ 
I fee no reproach in tlie 
charge. It proves thai; 
they are fincere in their 
religious belief) tie,.. 
Jbld. p. 064. Set <(//& 
Mr. Berlngtont c§lh^^ 

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The Senunaries. 

I Oor snceftorr were 
onwife in founding fo« 
reign houfes of educa- 
tloD. Jbid. p. dS* 

0. This fecefiioD (of 
Cardinal Allen and other 
catholics) I lament. Had 
they continued the prac- 
tice of their religion in 
retirement... had tliey 
4iftributed inftrudtioh , 
Without clamour , to 
thofe that claimed it &c. . 
Jbid. p. 00. ' 

3. If we had founded 
no foreign feminaries^ 
we had provoked no 
peiial laws. Ibid. p. 29. 

4.^In (theft) ftmiuar 
rles , machinations , jlbaie 
rea^ , fome iiditious 
were inceflantly prafti* 

I . This fcheme(of foonf 
ding feminaries abroad) 
was the only means now 
left of preferving from 
utter ruin the fmall re- 
mains of catholicity in 
England. Jbid. p. 171. 

a. The catholics were 
now compelled to feek 
for education in foreign 
countries. They were 
compelled to retire for 
education to Rheims ani 
Rome. Ibid. pp. i5 ani 
17. To worshijUGod after 
the old farm was proM'^ 
bited in public and pnr 
vate. Ibid. p. 25. 

3. It wasacrueL;ftretdi 
of defpotifm to fubjed 
thofe , who should fend 
their cfaQdreo abroad 1 
to hard penalties, and 
at the fame time not 
to allow them to be 
educated at home, ooleft 
they took oaths, wbick 
in their confcience they 
diought unlawful. Ibid. 
p. 171. 

that in. the collies at 
Rheims and Rome , ta 
which plates the eacho- 

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( 3«9 ) 

&d f as it was ranoured , lies had been eofnpelle4 

ftgAinft ibe queen, to retire for education j 

. , a plot had been formea 

to fubvert the govern- 

tnent and todeftroythe 

queen. "Never was there 

a more' g^dundlefs char- 

f c ; for . . * it pofleffed 

not 6M fingle atom of 

] the moift diftant; truth* 

Ibid. p. 30, 

. ' Dochine ofSubmij[]^on. 

X In one Jnftahce the 
catholics wtre, highly 
hlamcable. They were 

?ufillaDinlous or impoU- 
ic enough' . to (permit 
S\e fpurious oifspring of 
enfy Vni. , whpfe dif. 
poficions ttiey well knew, 
to mount the imperial 
throne of England. The 
jConfequeiices of this pal- 
jpable miKohdgft . they 
and their ^children havQ ' 
feverely Telt. Qnr fellow 
fufferers in Pfaftce-, ( the 
Huguenots ,) would have 
played a better game. 
RefieEl. to I. B. p. viij. 

I. All the Bishops and 
clergy, to^theirpralfcb^ 
It ffokcn , in filent re- 
fignation bowed' thcit 
beads (to thJ eftablish^ 
inent of the Reformat 
tion.) To reftore their' 
religion by violence &c... 
were rules of conduft^ 
Which , under moi;e than 
the common ' irritaiiooa 
of human pslflions, thejf 
Bohly difdained to fol- 
low. Intrad pp: 15. i(f. 

Odtk of King fames /. 

'1; Many catholfcs , 
whofe principles were 
found and loyal » fe* 

I. The oath (of Jt, 
mes I. ) was drawn up^ 
tiiher fropa defign or ig« 

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^oofly defired to offer a 
foimcaltefi. lo this view 
the oach of allegiance 
lir^s fraiped ^ to Which « 
it was thought, every 
catholic Would chearfully 
fobrcribe* who did not 
Delieve the iBjishop of 
Rome had power to de- 
pofe kings apd give 
away their dominions... 
The oath , When tende- 
red 9 was taken by many 
pitholics 9 clergy and 
laity , and a ray of re- 
turning happinefs glea- 
med around them. But 
t cipud foon gathered on 
the ieven hills. Introd: 

9. CadWallador and 
Prury died ^ &c. becaiife 
they would not declare, 
thai the Roman pontiff 
had no right to dethrone 
princes, (that is^ they 
refufed to take the oath 
of James I. ) Jbid. p. 85. 

norance , in terms which 

were likely to raife dif- 

ficultiesr, and 'to perplex 

the tender confeiences 

of the befl diCpofcd. They 

ipho framed it, 9 wUhtd 

rather to divide^ than to 

conciliate the p4a'ty. By 

fome it was approved 

and taken ; whilu others 

equally well inclined t 

confidered k as bearing 

hard on tenets, in which 










hav p. 33. 

a. The oath of James 
was rejected , not merely 
for its renunciation df 
the depolin^power. Sup- 
plem. p. 421^ 

The exploded. oath pf^j^u 

I. Whatisfelfeinjihe 
fbnfe of that propofitioa 
f viz that the Pope may 
depofe princes) is falfe 

I. The word damna* 

hie 1 diaike. To me it 

conveys ho idea ; or if 

any I it fays coo mucht 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

* (3^0 

in all its coQComitanc (when applied to the 
analogies , that is, is on- depofing doArine ). I 
pious , is hcredcaU is dani" Wish to know « what 
noble. Supplcm. p. 437. idea a Proceftant affixes 

to the word heretical^ 
which in the oath of fu-- 
premacy, he applies to 
the depoling doftrine. 
RefieSt. to J. H. p. iii. 

It is to be remembered 9 that the exploded oath 

rejected the depofing doArine both as damnable 

.and heretical J in the very terms of the oath of fo« 

premacy, and probably for theparpofe of fmoothing 

the way to the adoption of this latter. Yon have 

obferved , Sir , that Mr. Berington announces two 

new works ; one againft the Pope 9 Pref. p. ziz. 

and another in defence of the oath offopremacy. 

Jntrod. p. 3. I wish, that this fample of his philo^ 

fiphical confiftency may ferve as an antidote againft 

both. I should be flill more pleafed » if it could 

^withhold him from making them public. But wbea 

would he take advice? I fear that I have too 

much reafon to addrefs him with St. Aoftin contra 

Crefc. gram* L. 2. c. la. Qjtomodo /peremte au^ 

diturum quod dicOf qui tarn in proximo non audis 

Ipft quod dicisf cum tibi cbntinuo contradicis? 

I remain Sir yonrs, &c. 
Wlnton , Sept. go, 17^3. JohnMilner. 


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N^ I. 

liCtut of Mr. Colleton io F^Gmmnmt^ 

I^NwilliDgiQtfs to she^e myTdiSfi tyxhtt toa 
quick in caking or over tender in brooking injuries 
hath heatherto ftayedboih my tongot mlkpenii 
from dew queftioning and coinplayning. • • • • My 
own eares have Witneffii»d f and my friends every 
Where give me to underi^nd , how finifterlye I um 
talked of for wrongiog ( lufe but that one tena^ 
tibeit many much hardes i^e reported of ae) th9 
fiitbers of the fodetie^ ] Th^fe arf^tth^refore ta 
befeeche you • • • • ta acquaint ofi wiih thoTt jpfur« 
ticularsi wherein I-have reproveably . v* • mifiai^ 
tied myfelf in word^ deede or d^m^iUBM^ m^^ 
yoQ , or any of yoQ« I expeft my fiiU ^ihaig^ » , 
^d do DO way deiyre you to leaye ^y.fointt 
imtoiichedy or not amplified to. the moftj tdding^ 
that the playnei yoo deidt with me; Junin ^.ih$ 

Ss a' 

\ " 

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€3^4 5 
better ctufe I have to like you ; adverfifisg he- 
fides kUui fof ft viog Jbme of your friends crtdit , » . • 
it importecK to ^114l|<$e' thi^ looft you can againft 
me • ... I would not willingly dwell in ignorance 
of my. {ynQesy or omitt fajcisfa^ion, where I am 
bobijd jEji^ nif kd it^ tliys }ft brtefe ybo Vavc my 
requeft .... I pray you afford me perforisance 
with the fooneft. -F^vt^oo^wel^ with very good 
will 9 though the courre ^ if with your privitie i 
followed againft mc^ sheweth little good will. 
November 5^. By him whom playnnefs in tfao 
premifes mlketh «more yours . 

J. C. &c 


, ^'"-1 ;-•■-■■ 

iT'yoube lifljftctiy talfcid of for Wronging ooi 
fociety:, blame not hitfr, I tefeech yxm > who for 
ftft yotH* 'ftFange^*ftjiCe4fttl|-|»>t to loireyon.... 
It hatttf afwb^ 'b^iif 4)ydiMl^re^> fynpe that we 
fiir^ii tHirfelvcs ( I hope nifiBciently )*: from xhi 
raiia<Hl«^ rii4>«dWft •t^f^a&l«e^Smpudellr'iibcMe», 
tlratf^fll-thingi sRouki%'iiiCich-^ 1^ is poflM^terte 
uttfetJy fWgottfen^ dwd if «H cbuld not ie induced 
tdTicyfi* iii6 OfB^^ar^^iloht^r their ayeffion with 
J*ti«acg^1id5T{tenc*i Wii£h6tilfftUO!Wtngr»nytoofft 
agdifeftP theln^ ni that , Mr, you; hcare «iiy*feiiftef 
Mpoc^Vglfyt 3rou>''ydu may examine tfaeili bc&i 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

^bethet >4iey sbrctrew; wad the reporters are 
f o. give accottnt;tt.ufHm what ground they uttet 
them*..***. * 

vlt (denfed hi« hoUnefi of lace to^ bfdaine t 
eertaine goveniniem amongft us. It hath been 
reccaved with lingular likiDg of the molt and 
befi; aod God. forbid « but thai I and all itoy bre* 
ahren should have been moft ready W ronne whi- 
ther charity and obedience did call nSf leaft bf 
^ifobedience we ahould contemne out fuperiors'^ or 
^by Tchifm ap4 divigoo be outt off -from the head* 
^me baye xefiifeid , to acknowledge tbia head 't 
mjuch ifiott^ fiQ qbty him. Their pretences are 
^19 eatery ones mou(h) that htjirimird of this an- 
thoritie; tl^at it is a thipg devifed by the Jefuits, 
the fuperior. is rone^rof their own chufing; why 
S)i9>ujd the Jef^ita appointe us a Superior , nH>ve 
than we a gAO^al- unto them? It is the fine 
}»ead ciFf Parfoni^ that bach invented this :.he 
)Mth given wrwg informations to the Cardinal 
fod 'to his bolinefie* The jQafdiiial< was alwi^ 
parrlal on the Jefqits fidb. Some of necjeffi^ muft 
b(^, fjcnt tp inform better. They muft procure tbae 
Xqme affiftants moft: be chofen » who may noc^ be 
jff^iiaUy afe^ed to the Jefuits. They muil'^(<^ 
propound to have the government of the college 
.Id^rged, as being over ftrait, yea the^ snuft 
-make fuir» that the Jefuits be r.emoyed from the 
^IgMrmnenv of all feminaries of our nation; and 
touching the roiflion of England f in particular 9 aU 
the' je&its mtt^ needes be called. away. 

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< 3^6 ) 

There rpwclM tod the like beii« vttttea fey ^ 
is g»tbtred voioet fiir tiocher govenmeit# of M 
koowo to ditftvoar this; what can it tr^e cfft* 
hut that fbdioppore theAftdTes agaloftitefbciecy; 
tt if tio authoritie mre to ba liked , hot tkat 
which may be^te down the Jefuites, or fttt them 
and other reverend priefts togeatbtr by the earesF 

And verily the fuccefie of mattera, iynce the^ 
fenthoritie of oar reverend atchip^esbyter was &• 
ipulged , doth nake fBUny to ftar , leaft the fecree 
intention t (not yet perceaved of all) of thoftt 
tvho fought to ereft a fodality or other foperioricy 
and ibbordination » was either ambitioas er fih 
ditioos. For nolv that they have that Tery thlnge # 
which they fought for, (although impofed <m 
other perfons y than they wished) to reprehend and 
impogne the fame muft needes make men /qQ^v 
that they doe it becauft they themfUves are net 
chofen , or becaufe fuch were not chofeot as m^ht 
detfe peremptorilye with thofe, whom thqr ou^ 
to tender » both which affedions shew them doebly 
unworthy of government. For wliat it fo uDfitc 
for hSnour f as ambition , or what have we donnei 
that all stoCild not afieft us? Yea by Gods great 
goodnes fo it is, as we thinke, that if any alftft 
vs not, the fault is in them, not in us. So that 
if tfiey would have themfblves, or othen, who 
do not affeft us , be cholbn header; let them lift 
aSeft us fo far as in virtue they may, that diqr 
jnay be worthy of government* 

Then you fee, good Syr, it wanteth not pro- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 5^? ) 
fea]iiUtie» thtt if toy give out that 700 Wroof ti${ 
ic is beceiife you ace thought to draw back front 
ftieticbipresl^ter... And though I verily perfuade 
piyfeife • that moft of thofe fpeeches never pro^ 
ceeded firosi your noixb; yet thofe that wil be 
part of 1 dilboBteoted coapany , of coorlb muft ht 
cootenc to beare tht repmrch of inaiiy thinges ^ 
sirtiidi ut done or faid amift by a fewe 9 it being 
wpoSbie • that all men shoold diftioguish and 
ap^y every particalar to the trew author. 

And wrily as it grieii^ecb me oftentimes to heare^ 
aod I tepnihend it lb often as I heare it Tpdten^ 
that fiidi a one or facb anothet ^ who is not joyne^ 
to tiie archiprtsby ter ^ Is condemned as oppofice 
to the fociety; and I coodtflme fuch manner of 
Speech for t fallacy^ (for in very deede I wonli 
not have them reprehended, beaofe they are op* 
yoficea^nftfheibciety^ but kecanfe they ackno\^« 
Sedge we the^ Mwfy faperior ) fo on the other 
lyde t muft acknowledge 9 that thefe two rhinges 
ire fo annexed one to another , that wbofoevet 
is oppofite agalnft our IL esehipre&byrer 9 muft of 
force be conrequently oppofiie againft us, and 
therein we will glory In dbm/M , if any be thoughc 
^qppofite ,10 us^ who are o^r^te ^6 hios. 

^Therefore good Syr» there js nqthiAg I more 
deiyre , there is nothing can b6 nkore honor{a>I^ 
epd profitable for yourfelfet Uian that you v^iyk 
yourfblfe to him » whom God hath made your f^«> 
l^or f • « . . • and this is the only meane to joyoe 
19 j|dl tpgefit^qr in perfeft love fxi^ imicfu^ wii^ 


c! by Google 

( 3^8 ) 
ire kad long iyBCC;cnjoyed , if his tuthoritie had 
been admitted , as at this preftnc ibere is do 
hinderance at all of unity « but the refuSog of 
tbe Tame. So that by experience tre find treur thtt 
Whi£h S. Paul moft worthily (kdd ymon ^aens caput 
gx quo toium corpi^p per nexus &c. and the caure of 
this refuGng the head he exprefled before , fruftre 
infioius fenfa carnU fu^. With> thas^ head ther€( 
fore muft 1 hould; to hio^ mnft t be. united; to 
him muft I cleave. Q^i illi conjuBg^tur meat tfti 
fui cum illp npn coUigUf fpargit.' AtnH uirfeynediy 
I affirme^ unto you , that I continittlijCpi|iy io par- 
ticular for your^upioq unto him^ io refpeA of the 
love I have bonil5.and-beare onto" yon, -orhich 
fji^atl ffot decay I al{b(^h you ^ould^ with never 
fo great contr^i^efy of . jodgmeBtis tind .opinions^ 
fm4 thus wishing i-yOu'^t^ follow tii&t>~ wfakb k 
inoft. to tjtie glory of GiJdr^orf JScnip-onBrirloo^i 
healthy I ceaf^. NQy>. y| i^f^^iYonr i^laine friend 
as yoo wished >;,: . . .::: ./I : 

• • , I I I ilH— ■III "■T'l ; •• 

Sacerjoium' Wis )aip £^si i/jv„^ /&« , rfcf 

V^Ontolimus ihtw tips ab berf &'nudiuftertiaSf 
Tcnerancle paterae ftater, de iheliore djrcii>linlt 
ptopttt tk qus apad.nos intra fept^piiiliai emer- 
ftiunt vel mala vel Ipecies mali, vel aperu fcan* 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

^iH^ vel obvetttura pericult ^cU^Mmn f k 

^eprebeodifsus juftittaod noftram non ctfe tim 

Indulpaf* vitii ( tttinam foiflkt ) ut re^QieTcere do^* 

^aftiut ultra in iUa fiducia Saodoromy ht n^t/t 

pofita jaiftdi QoiD potiot expe^ienria «dddti flc 

eVeocQ rerom dificUlidianini crufiti^ Hmulaiirae 

iegetn h ^uidem >^ aDimam fpram:^ joditem^^ 

•striodicem 9 cenforetti. Quetn caodem ^ Inqoit? 

Bdmandum tuum vel potius noftratu (f^. i^efton) 

^oem adl^tiCy pro jnftaDtia no&ra quotidiaoaf lofc 

>otis fleftf fe ) sec verbis frangere pofluttiQl , ut 

aifibiMt ODDS pro levandia cervieibui iioftcia;viMbo 

luffragiis Doftrit eledkos ^ ono ore « ftem ooafiraTot 

fk)cuDftaater eleftionem haM noitramy tquamum 

jpo^ic , Impedivic t & ttiam trifti Mfponlb cafU* 

%ato8 dimilic t diceDc •; Revera Fratret ttmatti itiiN* 

|)onete mHu oHui jmpttr viribot meii^ ^odnemo 

mflateic^ qoalii ego ftiokf homo ftib pdceflace coo* 

Ricucus^qai faabeo fuperiorem i cii Ibrf ib Mi aiv- 

idiXQ auf 11 totum angdli Dei ^ ut dicat iniiU pro 

^rbicriofuo^ trade IUiv& vado^ veni buc & fenio^ 

fac hoc ft facio } prbin hoc ffldamen talbti iik»» 

ttjeoti & ponderii^ addo & gratamiDiat i^ ego 

oiagis oseratus quam booocacos ero»>licinihi.a£* 

fiimo, ft ica vultSs & x^fxircet fieri » vt wtunntk 

Pitre ttfeo vobit placeaio, rtnue&ce trtrdt: miltf 

ipfifttiifaciaitt Id hac repolfa qoid agere dttteamtir^ 

Venerande pacer » certe jncegrum non bahfmoi^ 

Did tameo pro tua htmaoitate & prudentia velia 

banc Blium caum & patrera Doftrom ^ virom oobit 

MfXk mulcit fiominibas necelTarium ^ in tarn gntvi 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 33<? ) 
iblUckndinet pariincaufa common! » jaceBtema* 
citare. tuis commonicionibus , bcreotem in up- 
meatis. apedire , uc audior faftus in fiio jwe^ not 
:cundeci]r amplius ac ^at lencias , ftd ambolce 
xoram nobis fiducialiter in vi« refta, id eft^ ia 
;via juftofum. Res ipra poftulac flagitatque : idcina 
Reverentifm tuam hortamur enixe & obteftama 
* in vifoeribiis D. N. J. C. oc leftis arcicnlis noftrii 
hirce inclufis & nominibus infra fubfcriptisy oppor- 
tune. riB provifa, velis & jubeas Edmondom reddi 
nobis totnm> quern expecivimus folum > fc defijgoa- 
vimas aoieumf prscer qQem^ neminem alium eii» 
^ere^.cum.quo neminem alium confiftAe voluimoi; 
hoc.enim.fanfte & religiofe incier nos definivimoi 
Yale pacer & frater nobis conjunftiffime^ & noH 
abel& loDgitif ; in excefTu prudentie ; quin accede 
qpotinsy uc .tUBgaqQMS invicem,* maxime vero at 
aniDH n^ftrixonuDganc in ti^m bono centro difci- 
'plin«» QuMi reddii^ redde qoamprimam^ oc rd 
fu^pte aacora gcacsy quantam inruper poSSs, gra«> 
ttam acacias. Dae. , Sth.jg^^ Rev»» V. ilodiOi- 
•fiffimiw Ludc Barlous , Jat. Poi^ellus t GuI. -Parry i 
OalD Qha4oca», R6b. Nutterqs, (poftea martyt 
4n. ii&iD)'Tjiom. BramfloQus^ Leon. Hydos^ Joaa. 
BoUnnns ,? Joa. Qreeneu^^ Alex. Gerardos, Ric 
Scmngeffaies^ Thorn. Haberley, Chrift. Dryland t 
Edm; Bfidcick , Rob. Woodfcfff, Rod. BiClMSt 
iEgid*' ^cherus I Cbrift. Sochwonhoa* 


Digitized by Google '^ 

( 33> ) 


Uimct P. Hevmjci Garvet, c- 

R. IN Ch&isto Pater, 

'Ax Chrlftl. Mitto ad R, V. exertplar lUera- 

xum d quibufdamt imp fere omnibus i)resl>ytens 

'Wisbicenfibus, quibus miram in mojiutn gratfaian- 

tar R. D. archipresbytero ngftro de concreilica fibl^ 

d SS. Domino noftro poteftatc. P. G. Weftorii acf 

<ariffimi noftri ThoxAs Pbocfi horoina , quoniam ii 

jioftri runt, non attinebat apponcre, 'Nb^it op- . 

time R. V. horum viroruro gravitatem acque auc- 

toritatem. Similes Httfras plurimas antehac accepie« 

idem R. D. arcbjpresbycer'& quotidie eriak' aceipic 

ab optimis presbyter is. Sociecas noftra qnlye^nai illi 

intiroe conjundta eft. Ec de laicis hoc affirinot 

sunquam quicquam'illis accidifle JAicundius , quam 

hojus archipresbyceri pronMKionem. £o4em*plan% 

tnomentQ, quo ad b9c Tcribenda f alam^ni ^^rgptups 

fui , adfulc mibi k primario viro cacholico amicus 

quidajn r ilUus nocgail^r JQibi figQifo^BiifnftTveHemt 

paratum fe efle & fuum chirographum daro |e 

precipaormi quoqnt nobiliam procura^srum; q^ 

huic facre hierarchis apjilatiderent. Quod i§^ ta^ 

men recoikvi ^ oe er furi appoficis nominibus aliquii 

ipfis p^ncoli eoD&aretar. Neque veto opo^ eft 

contra paocifiBroonim Tchiftna tarn pericolbfii reme- 

dia.adtUbere. Ne iffiur credat R. V. iUk^ q^ 

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Ibfte gloriari ttUot fe qutdmpto plan Mhf^ 

contrt hoc SS. D. N decrenim oooferre pofTe, ifmm 

ipfi D. ^rchipresbytera collata fenc. Nam neqne 

ite raoditacis jofla ex juvenuro qooraiulaiii iaquie* 

torum Aiffragiis peodere aux examiDari par A; & 

ipll fbrrafie pm fe aSerrent moltQ^QiD & fe emtih 

lUcact Aiffragia • qui » cam faperiorem aliquem i 

fMe apoftplicji poftulaturi efleotji mox perfpeAi 

SS. Domini volpntate if, leftis lUmi. proteftoris fi- 

teriSf in uno ifto archlpresbycero libentifBme caa* 

qaieverunc Excipio tamen paaciCmos quoTdao; 

qui qonm ipft^. aut 4 fe defignacit gradom aliqoeia 

lionoris coniiecoti npn funt^ ambitionis ftimohs 

agitati, ea* qu9( optimo confilio ac bonc^am pboe 

omnian^ applaufo pcrfeAa font, infeAa redden 

prspofteie moliuntur. K. V. preciboa ac facnficiis 

*SBe piarimnn;! commendo, 

R. V. fervus 19 Clufio 

S Oftobffia 189^. H£Ni.icus. 

tiUFot fHsbytm^mm Wssmkbvsjvk ad 
R. udmodum Domintwi archipreshyterum. 

Apxonvic TL Pa TEX. ST Pohivs* 


tfT& leftit Ulif t«ia Hiffris Aa.autbofkaie aitU* 
presbjteratas i (Me apoftolict recepta per IUOW0. 
Cardioalem' Cajetanum Ai^iifr ptoceAorem g&vif 
<bmus , & viva voce teftimonium ferbibnimus di 
xecogqitione neftra fiUall & cdcdientiali^ in cooC* 
peAix ftatrum » qui td noa csimtarr ftMaac at 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 333 y 

intetnonciif nihilominus uc pertmpHns deftrafnut 

fammo paftori noftro, cui perinde eft vel per feipfum 

ftatuere, vel per alium delegare; ac uc tibi gra« 

tulemQr io primis, qui nobis omni raciooe Tir de« 

fiderioniiD es % five ad refarciendas rulitti in cam^ 

muni cdificio, fi que fint^ five ad pm^aveodas fa<i> 

turas ; ac infuper ut ne' videamur aflenciri illis qui 

forte nimis importune fperanr de ele^ione aliqut 

fiicicnda magis canonica, in hac dil^^rfione fra* 

trunif uc not rumut* & confequenter i^iam appeU 

lare Tatagunc ad primum mocorem , pro recradandia 

rebus tarn macure tra^cii : decrevimuf omnesnos 

quorum hie fubrcripta noroina contcmplaris, emiC- 

faro femel vivam vocem eonfignaca manu vivaciut 

confirroarey cum ad diftam obedientiam noftram 

fumma alacricate conceftandam « non firiuffl primarltt 

fonci, red ft inde dedoAo venerabili rivo; torn ad 

intimandam omnem noftram aocepcationem f cum 

iogenci gaudio ft hicitia. Dec opt. max. indefi^ 

nemer gracias agere pro tali reftore^ ft preces ad 

ipfum fundere pro feiici fucceflb , ut debemus^ non 

ceflabimus. Pridie calendas Oftobris. I598« AA 

imperata R. V* paraciffimi Fraires Lod. Barlooi^ 

Chrift. Drilandus. Rob. Woodroffiis. 0uU Wiggi« 
Gul. Chadocus. Rod. Bideus. Cbnft. Sothworchus. 
}oa. Bolcontis. Joa. Oreen^us. Eddi. Bradocus. 
ifigid. Afcherus. Alex. Gerardus. Lton. fiidua. 
Tbo. Haberleuli: GuK Cltrionetus. Rob. Nutceros. 
Tbo. Bramtonui. 

Ex Soe. Jef. in eodem caieere Crut. Weftonus aiin6 
iMhMttatiaftif n: ^^Tlia Ptedus inearcerat. an. %si 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3S4 ) 

N^ iv. 

Communes literm plunmorum in Ang^faar^ 


datct 8 Nov. t£^8j tranfcripttt ex exem-^ 
flan maau propria P. H. Qa rusti 

BM£. Pateb. 


^Lim dicd>ainiir roto divifi ab orbe Britaooi. 
None autem per hsrefes dicimur & fumas < qood 
dolendum eft > & tocios orbis primaria urbe , boc 
eft tab apoftolica veftra Tede aut divulfi miferd angM 
ex parte » aut leviffime Tegregati. In tanta tamca 
omnis pietatis ftrage apud nos, quia ej^mifericordia 
Domini omnes conrumpti non famus; ut feliqois 
de rebus inter Te digladiari non poffint , fed lalvs 
axiftant 9 veftre Tanftitatis paftorali$ cura providit, 
& juffit ut omnia inter nos per inftitutionem Illai. 
D* Cardinalis Cajetani fie tefeiantur ad ordinemi 
ut quafi membra fuo qu^eque loco locata^ nos fumros 
in pace viTamus ad gloriam Dei , & ad vefirs fo* 
inremse auftorit^is in cathedra Petri facilem & 
promptam defenfioncm. Hoc i confentientibos fen- 
fibus, nos omnes agnofcimus,& confcripcis noair 
aibus , quim gr^te & quim iMis wimis & ere^ 
tzcepehm\^^ quafi jpublica 99ftx9:fe9:ificatiaiie not 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

(535 ) 

tatidum cfle putavimus. Quod propter ingttvrf* 

ccntes perfccutiones, licet omnium fhtruta noftro^ 

mm comparatis indiciis & chirographis firmacutA 

non fie f tamen non dubitamus ^ quin omncs redia 

fenfibus euntibus in hoc onum iticlinatjone volun* 

tttum libentiiGme incubuerint. Confidimus in Do«> 

mino , quod jam armis prudentic veftrs tuebimur 

caufam cathoficam contra omnium adverrantium 

impetus 9 quantomcunque illi ftimulis not foderint > 

contiimeliis laceraVerint ^ equuleo diftenderfnt^ ft 

€xtrema morte membra noftra crQentaverinc. Etenitik 

f)ropter unicatem domus Dei^ cujus bodie eft redtor 

Clemens VII!. nos hsc omnia in lutris ponimus ^ 

(i modo divina gratia adjuti , homilitatem , modef- 

tiam » obedientiam 9 & charitacem coluerimus ; ad 

qus quidem per veftram fuaviffimam dH^fitiooem 

fatis vocati , eruditi & quafi faAi Tunlus. Pro hot 

jgitur tam ingenti & fingulari beneficio quamvis itt 

referenda gratia Beatitudini Veftrs minus TatisfacerO 

poflumus^ tamen in prsdi'canda & habend& fatis 

indicare concurfum officii noltri fuppliciter ac de^ 

miife voluimus : a'tque ilhid provoluti ad pedes 

veftros humillime petimus , at quo fpitltu excicaftis 

ampliflimum D/ Proteftorem noftrtim ad dandniii 

friefcriptum nobis valde opportunum & faiubre 

pro litibus ordinandis & confervatione & propaga^ 

tione fidei apud fios^ eodem velitis novas & itera^ 

tas acceifiones iistcere & patern^ veftrae cura & 

apoftolics cbaritarif erga laborantem vehementet 

& inclinat^m & prope jacentem patriam noftram ; 

ut qus ad progreiTum in pietate & commoduA 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


ftVitft telig]oiiii pertioeaot ^ illft noo cootnfta fed 
exteDca manu veftra conferanctfr ^ a4 omniuin &f- 
fliftorum ioter nos commuDeni k peceflariam coa* 
folationem. t>eus qoi dedit Tobia Tapete ad ledifr* 
CfttiMem picis 10 ecdefia, idem ejofdem felicifli«> 
t&um fucceflum vobis cum longiffima yiu & inco» 
lomitace ooQcedac. 

Lpndini « in Odava omnium Sanftoroili. Bead* 
fodinis yeilrc humillimi .filii rubfcriprerunt Geotg. 
BlackWellus Aicbip^. f aovem ftccrdotes ejus affi& 
tences $ & alii quinquaginta frptem facetdotes fe^ 
culares , & duodecim 6 Soc. Jef. Alii i qni potefta* 
tern facinnt coilibet presbytero eorum nomiiia Tub^ 
ibribendi ^ quia ipfi hoc facete non poteranc ^ fiie- 
func, qui hie nominancur, affiftentes duo^ Tex de 
Soc. Jeh & alii racerdotes vigmti & quatuor. Di 
aliis Tacerdotibus triginta & quatnor nullo nodo 
dubicacut « quln fubfctiptorl fine » cum convenid 
poterum. *— . Ita Oarnetus omnia nomina recen* 
fens ^ qg« hie brevitatis cauft omictoncuri Soluo* 
ipaodo hie atcexuncur nomina aliquorum i qui poAea 
martyr^ fuerunt. Hi funt Rob. Nutteros^ Edv* 
Thwingus M. M. a$. JuK i6oo. Rob. Middeltonoi 
M* an. i6oi. Thorn. Sproctua , Thom. Palaferai 
M. M. i6oo. Joa. Thulelios M. i6i6. Hi omnei 
aftu jam fubrcriptKTe dicuntur ; feqoences afleroocof 
certo efle parati ad Aibfcribendua. Joa. Locwodoi 
M. an. 1(43. Joa. Roberts poftea Benediftinas» 
uti videnir^ & M. an. i0to. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 33? ) 

EocMBfrom Infirudions pvm By F. N^. 
SmVtb to tht Jejbus Jacksck and 
'Hunt J ^oing into England. Patcd 

Jf • I^fG>ot» hj reafon ^ Jiis ttf^ t^fioe^t 

not living learme to write hiiprelf at; ihirrt^net 

hatb^ CQQ>iiiitte4 ibis i>$ce to id^. • • • • Y99 )mi9(S 

beatd, or: ipay and wil hereafter heat <rf lihe dU«- 

f^DDoii tni difcord Mo^g t|i^ piiefts, apd .^he evU 

|ifiQAH>o;f which ToiQe of tbetm (eeme M'tmre tor 

^ar4s. t|iQ.A;c^riflffc and oor fat^ers^ CpocKrvJiil^ 

thill p^^p *y P. IMoPlf' pwler , I am fo eplaijp 

iBylelf a ^tde. Bis QpisiPli it» jand lb ^ hatli 

ofceo vritttD and Would h^^e .you incQl^te eai>> 

fMl^lyiDbifi behalie» vba9 yo^ ;hal be a^ryved 

ip Eog\aod $ that it betaooveth oor iatheri rery 

spq€l\ i aa aifb the arcbprieft » that they be very 

tircumrpeft and cti^fiil iQ tlieic fpealciog andwryr* 

ting ; and if any should exceede in words oc 

deedet 9 never to replye upon them ; for that were 

contrary to the prohibition of the apoftle 9 reddere 

m§ledi9um pro maltdlSo; but rather to diflemble 

all , that each one imay fay with David » Cum his 

quiodtrunt pacem, cram pacificus. And this is not 

ODiy his opinion ) but the will of his holinefs and 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 338 ) 
of F. Genenlf who having feeoe here t ttstMin 
tppetle m^ade l^ the onqoiet , though lor the 
fubftance thereof they condetMe them^ and their 
iurobedience and oncivyll demeanore towards tbeix 
ftperior i yet obftrve alfoe and much miflflK the 
naivier of proceeding ufed by the archprteft 9 and 
his friendly and wish he had shewed more mild^ 
nefle. For although they attribute all to his ^rear 
S6ea!e« yet they hold , it had been much better 
to have diflembled many things and to have re- 
ferred them hither ; yea they are offended to te 
Ibch multiplying of edifts and threatening of oee* 
furei in fo sharpe pbrafes, is are fetdown in tte 
•appeale. And to xrotee to our fathers , fome wry- 
tings and fayings alfo of theirs in this afl&lre hais 
been millyked by his holinefs and F/Oenttal, 
and efpecially the treatife of Schifm, in regard of 
the vehement exaggerations ottered in more shaip 
termes, than thejr think was biefeeming a feligioes 
t^erfon to fet downe» and therefore could (em 
no other end t but to exafperfte more the fic^ 
and fore mindes of thofe paffionate men 9 as et- 
perience hath taught. His hope is therefim^ tlttc 
bereafker they will be^more wary. 

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lAtut from F. PjiRsovs to Mn Mvsx^ 

s X n 9 

He grace aod peace of out fayiour b^ with 
us aU. There are now many months « iioce We 
•re in Rome together and never yet tallced togt- 
tber friendly f nor conierred charitably of our 
afiires » as it feemeth to me that, wt might » 
without prejudice of any fuits depending before 
oor fuperior^ and that our duties did binde ut 
thereto* I have fought it by many meanes > as 
you know 9 and you and others have fled; Dcu$ 
jmlicct inter nos. There hath pafled a Lent» a 
holy week , an Eafte^ , Whitfunday ^ Corpus Chrifti ^ 
Trinity feaft , and other holy times 9 that should 
have moved men of our coate and 
inward confideration ; but I have ften no effeft* 
The fcandal is public both beer and el$where} 
hererickes are animated* good people afflidedyone 
church divided and diftrediced ; efi qui rtquirM 
Sjudictt. The fault of this is like to lye heavy 
at the day of judgment, wherfoever it iighteth; 
You pretend injuries received. Siq)po(e: it were 
fbe; is this a meeti revesige to divide the ca^ 
tholikes of Eog^d in thu ion ? If you thiokv 

Vv a 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

for that you Jiave be§im » yoa moft iicedet ga 
forward; you know thf tpoftle accounts aoiiiio&cj 
for a damnable fioqe : what would he fay of it« 
in this particular cafe » where you flye all maonet 
9f, chri^ap recoociliation? If you chink, tte 
we would flyCf or delay hereby the detenninatkui 
expeded at his Holinefles hafides f you are de- 
ceaved ; for we ^defire and prefle it pMffc than yoa» 
and we doubt not 9 but when it cometh 9 it wtt 
^eWy how little cauft you had to imke chefe 
Icanddlobs broiles in our JSnglish church , whid 
you have 9 or other men upon this occa&on, wheUl 
yon nmft not thiBk to be able to ftaye or ]«etaiM 
ms you will , being once fet 00 work bf theft 
Bieanes : and this is perhaps the worft.and not 
dangerous Utcumllance of all this affaire » |f]W 
eonfidet it *wplU WJierefi3^e I beftech y6o in' the 
fighc of almighty God 9 'who it to takt^ rigofooi 
tccoontiof you and nt' all ^ that yourthe^inae bf 
time to^ cooperate to the remed^« And for that I 
nnderftand divetfe waits 9 that you fMctede iii 
offering toe 2 injurious words and caitumotacions ii 
sttoft places , ^vrtier^ «yau and your felloWs ioi.^ 
Come^<:ftom whom you cannot deaye te have re* 
eewed love and firiehdship in times paft9 and dxl 
sever be abH to, prove to haVe reeeave4}. ifijuiy) 
and ftei^ that I cannot 1 attaint to have confe^ 
reince ynth yon f to imfprme yoq aright in focli 
mifeonoeitte. as yon have^apprehendM, I do flye 
tothe refUge iippoint^d ^l9 oiirikviottr, diaifing 
your Jbult ill. his liglit, (eQ^iedlaA^ ^ben you go 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( S41 > 

tp ^he tlctr to offer ap thte dmdfiil ficrilce> 

that there are dyverfe brethrctt of yours < efpe% 

cially myr^lf ) that ba?e naoy thiogs agaioft yoa 

of great moment ». wherein they require tecond' 

Itacton 9 or at leaft wife 9 foobe aftonemenc or ft<« 

tisfaftiosy being ready alfoe to yield the like fet 

tbemfelves 9 wherein they shall be jnftly demanded* 

This is my requificion both tb yoo and yoi^r M* 

ky^s. What Cbrift our favionr difpofeth and ip^ 

f>ointeth in this behalf » yoirknow : what his graeo 

will move yoo to doe , he oiiely knoweth ; to 

whom I commend yoa hartUy as myfelf in aajf 

poor praiers^ from the &)gHsh coUege » this Eve of 

St. Peter ad vimculaf a good occafion to mako 

vs remember our brethren in durance at hornet 

vhofe afflidlons are not a Uttle iocreafed by tbla 

divtfion. 8 1. July i^oa. Yoov loving brother aa4 

tearant in Chrift 

Robert Pa&soks* 

Xjufdm ad /kcerdoUs .i^ptUamt^ .JRomi Luutiam 
nvet/hs Uht^. 

Jt Oftqoam IfUtatiam vos perveoJiTe iaoolufnes 
intellexi 9 yifiunr^ft h^s Uceris earn yobis abfentitLua 
impertiri falutem^ quam coram non Hcait « ab ba« 
urbe difcedentibus; quod fane g)t facerem, hei Intel 
alias me Mnputemnt ja^iopos^ FrioKim }p(amea 
Ineuntis aniH^a'ofpiciat cojus an exkirin .viruri ^% 
^omoes w^x, «i:wi.«aiqai:r,48t<f.««0S>ab4t« «^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Mppecf imt contMvofit , felus Detss oovfr » de cms^ 
Bibtts CMMD vix l))erare li|cet» deque meipfiv mhiM 
qnm de mQltii. lUud onmn cerUffime fcio nollts 
▼el graviorem vel periculi pleoiorem caofiun ad 
tremeodum illod tribunal bos comitafi poflby qnm 
fi rei iBveniamur vel miniina ex parte fereodftmoi 
Tel aleDdaroro inter fratret diicordianm. £c qnam* 
▼is ad me ipfum quod attinet (fit Cbrifio Uos) 
confcientia mea omni xne hac in parte colpa lite- 
let ; cum tamen 9 quod fcitis 9 k viro longe jtiftioii 
illud veriffime drftum recolam f non im hoc ji^ 
fcMiiu fim^ faceor & meam & Riorum imbedllita* 
tem t & ne terrent grav)Sai« ille Chrifti Qoi io 
tcs omnes, qui font quacunque ratione hnic fcelcrt 
^bnoziif comminationes. Quare ficut nunc finita 
lite non libet quemqoam accufinre 9 ita meas eft 
partes pmavi.non raodo mean ipfius (utpotero) 
cum IMo coorcientiam componere, rttutn pro vt^ 
vibus aliorum etiam aiihsos pacare ac ferenarty 
qui certe is fcopus eft, quo potiffimum tarn ifis 
quam alis tendunt liters 9 quas ad veteres meoi 
Miicos nuperrime perfcrlpft. 

Alia deinde acceffit Teocfim caufa, cur ad vos 
fpeciatim quatuor 9 dandaa omnino literas eft 
exiftimarem9 eo quod, nimirum non ez]guo9 nc 
TCrum fktear9 meo cum dolore9 in veftro ad urbe 
difcefib, neque me iplbm alloqU neque alios vef* 
tros veteres amicos & firatres in minimum indncere* 
tiS4 etfi ad hoc ipfbm ego Vos 8t literit ft nunciis 
invicarem, ebquodtopereh'ft publics exterAerua 
edificatioBi hac ratione conAilt<iln>^ privatis noF* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 343)' 
tris confcientiis k aiilmis utcfiet fatisftftufft^ atqbt 
alift fpcraren iiide nee pauca coorequi potuifTe com^ 
ino4a 9 pmrertiiD per fuam ranftitatein termiData 
jam lite ac controverfia. Nunc vero pro cerco 
imellexi » idque ipfomet rtfereote, qui vobis veftra* 
qae potiffimuin caofe fuerac hie patrocinatus , nobis* 
que none omnibus peramanter ft vet, fuifle ipAiai«> 
net p»cipoe in cauTa » ne ex voto nobis inter noi 
convenire liceret : ad qoam rem fe affirmat Aia 
ExeeIIenti»ifuifle commotum » ne inde regine noftra 
jofta daretur offeofa « quse vot veftramque cauram 
legi chriftianiffimo ea eonditione eommendaveract 
ne Rome cam iis^ quos pro hoftibos ae inimieisha« 
betf commercium haberent« Qoare cum cemerem 
aliunde potiqs quam k veftra voluntate hoe ortum 
fuifle impedimentum ^ magis animatus ftim ut hsBC ad 
vos fcriberem ; inque fpem veni » non adeo futuros 
lfQ$ i pace mutuaqoe redintegranda concordia alie* 
nos , uti nonnulli ex ejurmodi vtftro hinc difceflk 
fuerant conjeftati. Prsterea cum hoc ipfo tempore 
in manos meas ex Angliai veniflet recens qt)od* 
dam ediAum , quo communes noftri adverfari! d4 
nobis utrifque in rem fuam loquuntur qus liber 9 
atque in plerifque fane de Utrirque quas func St 
falfiffima & odioGffima eonfingunt, tandemque coo- 
cludunt communiter utrofque tanquam hoftes 9t 
tdverfarios i regno patriaque efie pellendos ; hine 
etiam non minima data eft caufa ad tos Inprimia 
Ic per V09 ad reliquos perrcribendi , ut quando hsre« 
tiei hac inter nos abutuntur diflentione ad com« 
lauoem ooftram cftrtendam eaufam^. nos Afid&m 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 344 ) 
id eanton ndverfot eos ttttabdtm Qnanioiiter im 
eonjoagtmos > & ut licut ip& nos pmiA , ita bos 
ipfi nofmet unitmus affedu , ad eifdem ipionHsqiie 
oonacibus 9 ^^ ante , obfiftendnm. Quod ftlotaie 
planeque oobis Qoftrsque caate neceflariiuB con* 
fiUoiD fi iftic vos veftrique in Anglia inirc voloe* 
tint 9 quod nos ex incimii pfscordiis $ uti novit 
Cfariftos » exoptaraus ; confidhiMis fbcurom at breri 
admodum, bene &vence Deo, fe omnia rede ha- 
beant , atque coofundatiK Sathan , omnefqae ipfos 
adniniftri , qui cooati ftint pericalofiffima h^ec & 
perniciofiffima dircordianim zisaoia inter nos fuper* 
femioare atque fov«re. Hoc ot itaTuccedat, ChriA 
turn ipibm comnonem Dominum obteftanrar 9 cd 
nos per ipflus gratiam coopetari parati famus; ideoK 
que de vobis allifqae in Anglia confidimus ; atque 
ego me tarn ipforum quam veftris pinrlmom coo* 
mendo precibos ac facrificiis. Rome , 1. )anoarii 

. NB. Neither Mush nor the appeHanc deputiei 
!70achfafed to five an aitfwer. to tfa^fe letters. 

N^ VU. 

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Informaiio dt Statu Rei Catholic* 

Ad //Am*. ^llev«««. /?>«. DeciumCAHATPAM 
Damafctnum Ept/copum, etiam Nantlum Apof^ 
ioUatm pro Betgio defignatum. 


rX quo prinmn) tempore pevmific .Deus» ut 
propter Tcelera in haerefim Anglit prolaberetor-f 
ttinc'fimul in reni^diuoi siultos doftos & {rios viros 
exciravit , qui morum fe opponerem pro domo Dei* 
qui ereftis deiode CathoUtorom Principum pierat^ 
ApoftoUce imprimis ftdis ben^nicate rerainariis* 
quorcunque' allitere poterant , ad rtftttiiendam 
avitam (idem una convocabant. 

V^rum huic operi adhac quafi in femine eziftenH 
fe communis boftis opponens^ non hurrcicoi tamum^ 
Ted httreticorum etiam aftu* Catholicos eontradi&- 
tores furcitavic ; & hi quidem 9 vivente adhac Cacw 
dinale Alano, obfticerunc ^ mulco autetoi maximi 
eodem jam mortuo, qaod plorimi cum in regno 
Ang^iia Sacetdotes effent, qui treceotorum fbrtalBs 
numerum excederenr, nee ullus inter eos fuperibr 
vel fubordinatio eflet , aliqui ^ uc in confufa mul^ 
titodine flepe fieri folet » ( maxime id ciaoaulum 
nolientibus hsreticis) motus & tumultus faciebanCt 
& ambientes ip fratres prelaturam » & coutra fo- 

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cietatis Jefo Patres, cecerofque iifdem adhsreo* 
tes, quos plurimos opcimofque efle fciebant, in- 
juriofe machinantes , ^ Aifihgia pndique id hose 
^nem corrogabanc : quorum omnium certior ftdtus 
Pontifck^fott maturara deliberatioDcm ArchipreT- 
byterum conftituit , qui oum duodecim fibi affigoa- 
tis Affiftentibus omnia moderarecur & coi omnes 
ibbeiii^fitiam praftare unerencur. 
. Ck)nftituto Archtpresbytero t plerique, ot par 
erat « fe ill! fubmifere ; fed prioris tumultus ante- 
fignani , aliis aliquot fibi adrcitis , cuA bononiiB 
omnium dolore 9 & multor«un fcandalo^ huic onfi- * 
mirioni refragantur^ pajrtim ckdtionis modum , qood 
abrque oorom conrenAi ac confilio fi«ret, paniffl 
rCatdinalife ProteAoris fiteras 9 quas eciam promol- 
*gayeranc, quod invalidcB ad tantam lem & can 
CDulcis teftificandam eflenc 9 cHqfancaa* 
' Ad hade .litem dirimwdaui Pontifez Bre^e faum 
in Angliam tranrmifit^ Protedoris literas confirmi- 
>it ; Tacetdotes paterne.admopuit^ juflitque qc At- 
^hipretbyterum tanquam fuperiorem agnofcerentt 
& ei in omnibus obtemperitfent ; verum nee ficae* 
-quiefcere volentes, fab novo injnriarum & giavi* 
fii{nQiQ prsecfzcU 9 depao ad fedem ApcAolJcam 
appellationem parant, & qaod deterius eft 9 ad earn 
pofequepdam 9 aperte jam k Catholicoram peift- 
^tftoribusReginse Sein^.Confiliariisopem implonust^ 
qui id i re fua fore ^d CaOiblicos vel labefa&andost 
Vel etiam extirpandos rati 9 oblatam fibi occafio- 
pern avide arripiunt; mox tres ex appellantibos 
£olvunt c vincuUsi & litteras fliaspatentesyquibos 

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( S47 ) 

impuoe per Anglis proviiicfas' cutfit&ft^pofientii 
9l negocia traftare 9 fponte illis coocedoDC, fievien-e 
tes iDterlm in alios 9 &' aliquos eorum afficienm 
Ibpplicio & martyrioi &c.- - '-' . : 

Admilia demum i fanftitate Tua illoram uppet-^ 
latione 9 quam qnacuor procjuratores Rome, coram 
duobos S. R. £. Cardinalibua ad id depotaii$ pror 
jfequebascar, rebufque onmibus difcuffis 9 fiAem taa^ 
dem funimas Poncifez imporuitt bonigneiiltis mcdts 
coDcedens; Arcbipfesbyteciim tsmem j^tn'tortid in 
fuo officio ftabilivic^ decrevitque imee ce^osHt^m 
Ibb excotnmuDicationis ceollirS ipfo faAo 'iin2uc4 
rends Appellaptes quicquamcam.hereticis inXa^ 
tholicorum prcjudiciam deinceps tra(^Qjeac ; qui 
tamenreverfi in Angliaih coraoi Confilis<ifiis.ali%tio(^ 
totkis rei gsfteferiem expoYiunt 9 imoveo^miiibosl 
ifque natu maxi(miS9 mor ft ad pf^udo-epircopuQI 
Londinenrem conci:iht9 locujus sdibu; sfiagoa oim 
booorum ofienfione iitiqiotbdiki babitavii^ 

Archlpresbyter & qui ab illo erant 9 dc in:' ml^ 
simo i Brevis Apoftolici ptefcripto recedentetotinQ 
ibiicite fatagebaRT9 qus ad pftcem'& Qnidnem intel 
eos confervandaoi refaicjendamque fpeiflark Vlde<i 
bantur. Ex appellantibus interim aliqui non ndniiS 
quam antea^tunl Confiliariis in Anglia'9'&.^eBinii 
OratoYibus extra Angliam libere agunt9 &f duilta 
quotidie excogitant confidgofitqae 9 quibtitr lites 
ibas & diTcordias inceirminabiies reddanc;.&'^iliei«fi 
hifte nonciorum Apoilolicorom auTeS9^Niarin>Gali^ 
lia, tUra etiam in Belgto i)er fnos fatigenV^9 ^ ^t 
Bihil deBi fid cnmulam, jam denuo alioa^sociri 

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latores id ftitm Apoftolicam deftintnifitf «t ftnptf 
nova moliences » fiib fpeciofb pacts titcdoy pads 
ipfitis.fibma & radicet prorlVis excidaiit. 

Quare cum h\^. & Revm* dotnioatio veftra in 
Flsmdtiam profefturafit^ quo plurimi ipforum ooo- 
fluunt f ne ipfi » vel per ipfoi hsretici fibi impo- 
mat » acque ut eot 4 faoioribus nelitts feceroat, 
cpeis precictm crit coram f quibos t«t6 fidem 
adbibere .poffit » ngmioa attexere* per qoos de 
leliqdis Tofpeda fidei hontnibiis^ icbafqne ooT- 
tris ' ADglicanis plcoe certdqae poterit infonnari. 
R. P.PriorDoaMis Cartufienfia Afigioroa Mechliiiia&. 
P« Gttlielmus Baldwynos Societatis Jefo BmseUiSi 
cum rehquis ommbus drofdem ordioia fc Dationis 
nttnbus.'.D. Thomas Vorrhingtooos S. Theolpgie 
I>o£b»r & 5eomarii Aogloctmi Daaceoi PnMs. 
Z>i Thomsa Vrightus S. Theologitt DoAor « Decaoas 
Cwtmidtnfk § 8l k foa fti^Aitate pradiAi Semiiiarii 
vilitator c^nftitaoisjD* CcyTar C)enetiaS«Theolog« 
Dodtor ; Sexsaa Alberto ^ facris & Decaoos Sai. Pecri. 
X>i}Robereus Crambenis Aoglarom Mooiatiuni Ccth 
IMarioa. D. Joannes Notconos oobilis ac presbyter. 
D. Ridiatdus Sherwodus. ex firaiHia 111*^. & Rt\^ 
Nntitii Apoftolid per BeJ^um. D Golieloius Stta* 
kyi^flqoes.axiratus GoloneR«s, ft Stiaii. Alberri io 
xebusj belli i eonfilUs; D. I^ngo Odoemis nobilis. 
J>^ Tbofiaa Staddemt equea aoratos. D. Rdan- 
dot Stmleyos Capkaaees^ D. Ricardus Bayleyas. 
D. Rtcardiis T^fleganus. D. -Georgtus Perfonios. 
IX Gabriel Colford us, ciim plurimis aliis sobili- 
bM$ ji: Capicaneis 9 , &^. quproD nooiDa Clatlffiaoi 
D. Colonellus ifidicabit. 

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( 349 ) 

Hi font , qnibas tntd fidet tdbiberl pofle videtaff 

atqoe ex his» qui fiot Torpefte fiaeif prout fero 

offeree occafio» &cile ^ogooftec; uoum tamen, qai 

in Belgio perpet»d refidet « & ireliquorum Ibi om« 

fiiQin Dux & CorypbttQS exiftit, oominandQiD tail. 

cum duximus ; is vero eft Dodor Guiielmus Gi& 

fordus Inlblenfis Ecclefias Decanus » cujus cognatut 

ejurdem nomioiSt illique oonjuoftiffimtts Oilbertos 

GiiTordus caufam aliquando prpdidic & explorttfk 

pro Cpnfiliariis Anglis contta Cardmatein Alanuia 

cocerorque Catholicoa faftus » demum ParifHs captui 9 

faflufque oornia in vincolia obiit ; i cvjus morte 

ifte Gulielitiuf femper torbat excicaviCf Appeilao- 

tibut adb98c t & ab altquoc anniSy at fertoTy dan* 

deftinom cdmmerciQai dim fenato Anglkano exer* 

cuit 9 & modo com Regis in Belgio Ortftore feete- 

tiora agitat confilia. De reliipia Thtp qoalis tk 

fit, aliqui eorum 9 quorum fupra reeenfoimQi no* 

mina IHJum & Revttffoi. DMi* veftttm poflunc 

xcddexe certioiem. 

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iiso ) 

N^* VIII. (miftaUcdV.inp. ifi^J 

Letter of F. Parsovs toF. William 
Holt refiding in, BruxelUs. Dated 
Genua Marfh i^. iSS7^ 

JD Rom an Italian abftraft of it 9 which wit 
fraDHated from the English in Pftrfons^ own wri« 
^og* A great iptat of it is printed in the book 
Jhdanifeftoibn of folly and bad JplriM 1602. 

A note for F. W. Holt and foch other confidept 
friends 9 as he shall think good to comronnicate 
the fame withal, i. The prindpal caofts of this 
my journey are » to fettle with his holinefi and 
F* General » all foch points » as shall feem necef* 
lary for the ophoMisg of the feminaries of Spam 9 
Flandera, Italy, and of the miffion of the fo» 
dety to England : and therefore whatfoever shall 
cfier itfelf to you about any of thefe points , to 
Wit, for faculties, government, privileges, main- 
tenance or the like, I pray you and other friends 
to advilb me with the beft fpeede ; for I mean 
to procure , that my abode in Italy be as little as 
snay be ; add fo I have promilbd in Spain , aod 
for divers reafons it will be neceflary. 

a. If I can do any good alfo in compounding or 
ending the troubles of 'the English Roman ftml*' 
oary , and c^ our controverfies between thofe of 

Digitized- by 


( 35» ) 

oor nation eirewhere f I shall do my beft. At 
leaft t hope I shall make his holiners and oth^ 
principal perfons underftand the tiue caures and 
grounds thereof. 

3. About the matter of the fuceeilion , my mtz^ 
fling is to propofe to his holinefs the true flate 
of the cafe ; how necelfary it is for his holinefs to 
think ferioully and Tpeedily upon it* that, after the 
death of the Queen , the governipenc nay noc 
fall into'worfe hands; that the English catholics 
only defire 9 al^r her Majeity , fome fincere catho*- 
lic prince t without rerped of English, Scottish t 
Spanish » or other nation. ^ 

4. That he (Parrons) is not an enemy to the 
king of Scotland, nor agent for Kii^ Philip « at 
fome have reported , to make him odioilis; alledg^ 
ing in 'proof of the iirft, the good offices he hUL 
done for the king of Scotland for many years ^ 
while there was hope that be would be a catholic; 
aqd proving the fecond by the teftiroony of the 
Patriarch Gaetano Nunzio at Madrid, (who has 
alfo written efiTedually to the Pope to this purpofe> 
that he (Paribus) hath always perfuaded the Kiiy 
and his council, that it will not ftand well fo|r 
his Majefty to pretend to the crown of Eoglan^ 
for himfelf^ and that he hath obtained a firm pro- 
mife from the king , that he will not aim at it ; 
and about this point the Nunzio hath feen the 
papen, and been privy to whatever he hath« 
from time to time, treated and fpoken. 

5. The conclu&on with his Holinefs is to be« 

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( 35^ ) 

thtt to avoid contentions and oppofitions afcet 
her Majisfty , it would be beft , if fuch a perfoo 
conid be thought of by his Holiners acd the 
King of Spain , at would be fie » and ftand wdl 
both for his Holiners and his catholic Majcftyi 
Md for the English and Scotch catholics, and 
the Kings of France and Denmark « and all the 
reft ; bar who this perfon is to be , he meaoi 
to Seave it to the thoughts and reflexions of the 
Pope himfelf; though, he fays, ^ in my opinion 
Co agreement Would be more beneficial, pro- 
bable or eafy, than in the perfon of the Infanta. 
In this bufinefs I mean to proceed very foftiyaoJ 
cooly , and ^am willing to conform to the opin.oa 
of others. If you and other friends have thooght 
of any thing different and of the Way of cffe&ng 
it, 1 beg you to write it to me. We tnuft not 
however , in fuch a bufinefs , fo much regard oof 
own inclinations and Wishes » as the three condi- 
tions fpecified above 9 the general utility, i^ 
probability and the poffibility of the dcfigoed pcr- 
ibns' gaining pofleffion of the crown, and after- 
wards of defending , maintaining and fettling it* 
I end by recommending fecrefy upon thcfe mattcffi 
Which you perceive , is neceflary. n R. P- 

Frop Qenua March 15. ^S9^' 


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- N'^.IX.fAiifciUedW^lii^isi.t 

Exiracl ofa^ ktterifrotn F. P^MspiJ^ ^ 
LordfFiiLtjilsii Df^u^^Ai^ Ewrl $f 

1 He fitfti^df ArifciS % « Id 
. Elphinllob hid cfife^iaffie^ i>f 
t6 the Klftgf df ^eatfA^ii , gnii'oh 
appeaW<f^ in -thi bodk */ r/te' J 
DeiDg Mtnttititiicattd tdl ^drTbi 
he \*1rtf(fc Vo the Eitl W f^libws, 

ft , that if Woil^s af 
(1^hi(fh;'hSvfe'ih'6 ti! 

airafreaioft^j f re^'^^t 

ditfertttC nian 9 thaE 
call in qoeftion iby i 
of Scotlpmi j. leetegj'' 1 
H^biours and dangers 
ilfo ilTuing t^ereoif'ti 
liiofe tBan ot matiy 
And ;ilbeit Aether ti 
' & giVe place now t 
ship • ppr li time dii 
tfejfte thereof , havin{ 
abfl lor h{$ hQiipur , 
as he belt knoweth; 


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(5S4 )^ 
trom my firft emplojrinenc by my fapetion k 
helping and fettlng forward , i^hat lay ia me, the 
catholic, caure , which was in - the year 1580 « mf 
j^ncipal endeavours wete't hext after God tod 
Che defence of his truth and catholick religioai 
t6t thfe particular good alfo , fafety and advance^ his^Majeftie. of.Scotlaad f who itrsstbea 
young and in the haodes x^ t;bero 9 that b^agiit 
and fould him 9 loft anci gained him 9 toft asi 
jumbled him up and down 9 with fucb Mipi^ 
ifndwpenU (I meap thaj moffi turbulent governs 
^nr, of niiniftcrs a^i} their followers 9) as alltfc 
ciui^ah worid took coqsp^fBon of ic. And the 
ft|W,aj|fAion alfo jpyned With love and hopewii 
jb potent Yii foinc bfupi^ as it forced ustpUav* 
our own quiet and take in band^d^n^^usjo"'* 
xiics tp inoft partes^and pri^bcea of chriftendoiset 
i^hich yoqr |-ordship hatji heard off and , whidi 
dur cbemici aiid cmuta^ors. have.. o^jeAed^ to of 
ftatc and atienaic from oor 
iing.I.ijBrould riot mcb&^i 
ji^dc'jykmg .1 have or ever 
)Jf'any dther ftate had biB 
only the ftatc of Chrifts a- 
bn , and the prefctvatiop of 

[e 9 fatherlefs by cruel mat- 
tt hi*, before he could know 

hy ^^he barbardos imprifoo* 
fideratlons, tdgfetbcr witft tM 

then wfcs conceived rfW 


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^bWfl»d yMtti I Were (b ftrdbg \ntfi m/fifff, al 

I thought BO peiil toil or labour orM g^eat 16 

be attempted for Tome effedual reiBedye;aDd wlt& 

all pious aBd cathoUe priBces^ to WhokM I pro* 

. pofed the Tame 9 were (^ iflfeftutr, it none eter 

ahewed unwtllfngnefie to eoiicurre to the redrtfb^ 

fa farre at they were able^' ::.;. (ihtH he f);)ecifid 

l^ia Services to the 4i:iD^ and then pr6teMt.>**'^*v> 

Tlnally my good Lord^ my difaiKdion to iiift 

Majeftlehat been neiret other than this »< and jChft 

upon my confcieneii ciWmg our (aVioor- Jeful' M 

wkiMTe) firfty to fee hloi a catholic prince ^'aa^ 

cording asall hit nbMe progenitors haveT>itf t 4«A 

theto to fee him the inoft potent prince^ Hi ^diriit^ 

^endome, whereof there was no fri^aH bopeiak 

-ihat tymc^ and now at -tMa day no msui li^^ing 

Would be more glad to Ibe bim have^hat^ whlcli 

be moft defireth p if I were fure of the fbrmet 

fobtv that was th6 firft and chiefeft motire ta 

Alt: my afttofii/ to wite, tthai he were a trew'cu«- 

^ct^like;^Ti^efe6f having far tefib Isicffk «nd {Mbt* 

Wlity at this tyme than I had in tholb dates; 

your Lordiliip may not marvel or think mruch » 

diat^ we English catholykes^ that have fuffiMd fli 

mdi already for our religion , are not foe ibrward 

to follow hit Majeftie to our own ddtruftion^ 

*When he ftileth ut in thit firft and principal hope^ 

of treW religion , whereon all the reft with oa 

dei>eDdeth : nor it thit to be interpreted difafibc* 

tiOD to hit Majeftie » but rather obligation to Ood 

»&d to our confaiencety and dutyful affeftion alfo 

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U i( W WfU conluler^ ; ain4 f? mach of tb|F 
..I^Q (be fe«ood poimt t^p^biV ^f Im4: of 

Ibip %c.ihU tjme whti wt> <he crew nnUioribcmf 
C if wf QM WfM > fQ.<iaq I ftfut^ ;w «pw !•; fem^ir* 
l^agi^f ^h^ befpra U W9( priOtf4f it paSf 4 (teoiail 
tbc ,bande% and Tiwr of ifeq wyfi^ Md^«9rt 
XQel^h>:9(b/>)ikM lining tlmi IP JtMistMMM^ ml 
*mt^ witnd^rlj affbd^ed to U9 Miodlie ^ Smit 
]aDd.ftndTfS:^d?ftrQ cq hit mo^^ t a9 toy of im 
»Aiioii wb^rfoeyart a$ thw worlt^ did ^1 igt^ 
tijViPi WhPVfof two «re H^W d^adj and t^^rffon 
I^niay pama ttvMif OMr lac^ (^rdiiHJ if^ &«iMi 
pad Sir.Fr^^ocis i^glf^ld. iigt ^iQ« ;* fithert ait 
yet.aiiye.t itad It,.!;!^. Mt (ficibiai^ cMvasieot la 
SBemipq them. l 

The n^tivQi IP iMlw..fhi« bOQke ma nada^ 
ilQod by Uia.baokfF tiijitf fP:havo bjatwi; ttefitt 
xa m^ke :it dkfikPfvv'iEx wha^ imnr aM tttmf^ cblip- 
tion thspe, ts ip cv^yicfeiilUaa Wftn to re%>e^ » 
)igijoa 1^ ihP prin<^9 t.tbat it^tc^tfttaf wn iAirAam 
peoplt; T(Hioft ficft (l^u^.iBii ModklDa in aA» 
vaxuDipg priroaaM^r.tjKfipihatb bin and iaftvaitif 
9ge«, thAt^he; be a .^{hi>lyli:e« tad do ru<ve&bis* 
|blf in niatteis of ]»li(ioQ to. the aaivorfal ohnrcb 
of Chrift lb? bi^ govenuMK ;.* aqd tbia is Iwttdiad 
tad proved, noft eYidently aod laiyely io the ift 
book of the twow 

Tbe ftcood motive, leaia^ thiialMtbeiBg 

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mde in IIoplaDd t that no man np4et ftio tf 

trearoD , ihould taike or^ieaftm of the nexc fui^ 

ceflbr to the crQwne^ fo great ao, ignorance grer 

thereby into the people's beadeiandbeartei^ of ttv^ 

thing which moft of all (next aft^ God) iov- 

ported thetn to lcnow> and Which one day (an^ 

God l^Dowetb how foonc) mnft be uryed by the 

uttermoft adventure of goods y'^^t ^^d fWe^ 

as it fecn^ed moft needfal to prevent in pare To 

Creat a i^iifchief , and to let them fee orheareat 

,leaft, what ^nd bow' manic jtherc wfre, tljat di^ 

or. might pretende for the famei^ lo t^e endtha^c 

bav:pg the ipilriKftion of the' former hooke be&rjp 

them, they might think at Itn/BL with themfeUi^ 

what they were to doe ip lb weighty ? g^e p wh^ 

t|ic time'shQuld pome. . . ' > 

And in all tbi$ I doe wat fee what iojurie oc 

,prejudice is done to his Maje^ of Scotland* Fqr 

if he be a catholike , or wii be > and shew it. hw 

effe^ , as lOi hii anceftors have dos^/ ibete is 

nothing fnid againft him* but much m^er fqr 

himt cfpeciairy in the firft -boojle. If be. be np 

catholyke ; yet his whole ty tie is there feti dowoe 

in the firft plage » with all privixgesof the fame^ 

as alfoe the pretences. qf diverfe pcbers jpcoteftai^ 

l^ioceif without diminution or other difadvpntage^ 

except fucb as the only want of being a catholyke 

bringeth with it to catholyke peopfe^ which waat 

lying only; in his Majeftle to remedy f and not in 

others or in thr writer of thefe bookcs , ( who 

lAetermiHUi oadayipg bat leavetJbi fiX indii3R:rent an^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

'"dMbteTol to tht readers jadgtneot > I find bo* 
fetfoD» why his hboar should be miflylted by any 
pioos and eqoal jad^e 9 that is not carryed away 
with partiality » io rerpeft either of religion or 
ftdion. And if any thing doe feeme to be otged 
inore in the booke fot the ftvoor of the King of 
Seines daughter » or of any other catholy^e princet 
your honour muft confider ; that the wrycer wm 
a catholyke 9 and would gladly advance the caoft 
of one of his own religion , (6 far as by right antf 
equity he might , religion beitig the firft trew 
grounde of all right to chriftian kingdoms : and 
confbquently , fb long as the author of that bookt 
doth not by any falfe allegations in the cathoIikiL 
pretenders behalfe 9 fttt his tytle forward 9 nor 
iteprefle the other by concealing any proof to be 
alledged in their behalfe9 it feemetb to me, di|t 
no man in rij^t can complain or taxe }iim qf 

And with this my ^ood Lord I will ende ycmidcf 
fnirdon of your honour for this repetition of tn^ 
ibrmer tetter : but I have done it upon intelli- 
gence from Scotland 9 that it was not arrived ; ao4 
for the great defire 1 have to give your Lordship 
fttisfaiftion in foe weighty a point9 wherein it 
fkemed that your Lordship had mifconccaved of 
me ^ and of my doif)gs and meaning about tl^ 

ftme If I thought there were any uew ho^ 

In the point 9 that moft iroporteth both his maJelKe 
and OS 9 I mean of religion 9 no man woold more 
teadily Qpend hit lifb for him than myfelf ; but I 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 359 ) 
tannot $i6t opoii ftdion or flattery or ^ot\d\f ref« 
peftt agtioft my jodgm^ot alid conrcience « reeiDg: 
that I neither hope nor ftar (I thaok God) what 
any mortal prince can give or take from me in 
this lift 9 without my faulte ; and in thisgorernneht 
cf our conntry I am (b far off from all paffion one 
\lray or othe^t as t am indifferent to any man 
lyvii^f that hath or shall have rygbt thereto, of 
What place or people ibever be "He 9 (b tbar he he 
^ catholyke ; for other worldly prettnfions I have 
cone unto hitn 9 nor ever ( I . troft) iball have. 
But if he be no catholyke; as^ it beloi^geth not 
to my vocation to ftry ve agalnUb him ^ fo I mutt 
tonfeffe, that foe long as he is foe, nothing ondei^ 
heaven can move my heart and witf to favour 
his pretenSons; by which I ath ceftaine^ that if 
he (jpttdCf he is to i^uipe both himftlf and ''infinite 

- This is my fenfe and ibtefting, abd tvhofbevtt 

lakethme 6the<Wift than thus, miftaketh cne....: 

The bappieft day that ever could shine to me iil 

this lift 9 were to fee both dur realibes united 

together under onri catholyke governor and pKince 

of our own Mood : but if our fynnes deftrve not 

^at felicity, any nilfcry is leflfe than ;th^ tiiifcfy;* 

*f herefy, Item Which t befecch almighty God to • 

deliver both you and us : and foe to his holy 

proteftion ^commit your honour flrom Rome at'tho 

tginniQg of this neW year. Again I bid your honour 

moft humUy idiiia this* ^4. jati. i6ao. R, p. 

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jafcardiamm in AngUcano Ckto Stdttii 
EnunendlJimo & RevercndiJJiniQ Domiao, 
D. pRAiJCiSco S, R^ k' CardinaH 
Bambmh^vjo^ btipi nammone exfa^ 
bitus h Pnmp HoBUAGOy 4j>oJblico 
' in JngUd MijioAario. \ 

Poatl&ce coUjes i^d oot ufq^e -cleciyftiii^ pais* 
tiiQmoai admmiftr lun*^ EminefitiiSiiie ft Refel%iH> 
diffiime Domide» Se Angiicani gregis jam din paf^. 
tpre orbati coDrQlacorefi^f:p%tTpiKH)Orfc {iroceAo^ 
rem faoe picoc^rpum badenos f xporti fanM^.t 
eundem te modo intefti^is quafiau^ ^iSdiif ^ Tat«r 
in pra^cipua. merobiia, fua (je\iiiept^:di$iit)f^o, iwrtK>f 
eciam roedictim iinplptat ADgU€aB^)Ecclofia. Ne^ne 
enim expeditior ppbis;^ quam pfrtc;^ a4ittts zA. 
Chriiii Vkariudi efie potel^f cnjcix fi Apnfifi^$0t 
fedem r 9 Thcodoieci ad l>f9Qnea ftioiqm ^yetbia 
etiam nobis ad Alexandrufn Sepc^mm cop&giea^^ 
tibus, uci Vmt ^ nos , qui d(j€8fij]imufi]f & f^fiUi 
cttrnmui^^utEcQlefia ooftrs iilcefijbufr raedecioagi 
ab illo\&f(icttndum ilium ,.abs .:t aijci^fmu^ Cub 
terum quando , nifi d&cedis vQlneribus'« parefadiF- 
que moTbi caufitf acceffibuSf incrementis, fruftra 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3«i ) 

tjuttritur tnedicitm ; patieris tibi * hab ^ fiairf&ticme 

fimplici^ mali^ ()uo jam annos Tnalros conffiidlanim 

«ft Anglicani Cleri corpus » recaf retites' (b^n^r^V 

lK>varQm diflfenfionuiii aeceiBone / quaC ^anfmoYUtk 

ftbris paroxifmos oiAftes fub uno'af^eftu ibbjlcil'^ 

3. Addo falutis circitet 154a Anglicani ClcH ttlli 

florentif, & vel inter' perr(tfcationi^#flitrittIa<qtie 

adverrorota imMIa^ ftreMt lace ^ anfhilniih tWr^ 

qoillitate , & chatitetiscbm Divine ,ieQtti ii\Si(A 

tadiis perftoe&tis^ lelichatem famimM Hittrtntbkte 

tciBpiL^ niperfeminatis ii> agto Domfnl -b^kiitidi 

^izaniis* inlitoicas hbnod. Siqiridetn ptd[^i(ui4- GfeR 

facetdotibua paucorom aiice id ttemptrf ' abi)brs6k 

ijpatio knorctiis, imer q|uoS etbitiebanf 0D. 1U\i9- 

Tonus i Siratfofdosi BKlfetfos/CoffingA^^ 

Velhist Schellus, Bft^ghtomf » Mu^ketttH, Ttb^^ 

lioppust Rogeriusy fingcilarrpTtnkntia ((^^ tl6V^ 

iDolll etiam Saenft Tht^ologiarlteagtftetitV^^ ei)Vdfl}uk 

Tcriptorum mofmrntotir Dobiles f Domii^Qf Thomaik 

Vitus 9 live Albius (vutgo Diacloui ), i}3aib* aU- 

tiuandiu « in pontilttid CTeticomm An^tdrubi Ibriii* 

Mfioy Theologiam DuacrprofHBis fuerit « qui t^i^ 

vatini f <|ui public* adortus eft novis comtnivlthf 

«t pt^iiqu^ canfebant, n6tMl(i)U6 femeAe^ls aiAiIi. 

tatare^ Favfite ilik^ HMgiitri {Aacicia, teque MtM> 

tderac&us primo ^ uiM iiit^tDperantias «atoll^t« M^ 

ceardotes aliqui^ quoa ffl^ itudltdt^s-antfe KabtieMt; 

quibte adjuuxenmt Mt ittim Mi eitWeiti'tixxA^ 

liares. Ofifenderat |aiti ante ctlkm Reveitudlfllttittm 

Chalce^fcrneoreilD Ei^(bo|km , tuiii KellifbmitA'9 Scrat-i^ 

fordcim V Lovellum » Muskettum 9 Le^^rtiunr i 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

i&Ggaes <)e Clero Theologos Albii obftlnatiby 
anoo Qirifti ciiciter 1(33 ab iifdem rogatjus cujuf- 
d^m, Xfib^Ui Dovitaces roultas^^ cum Laicorum com- 
jplurium totiofque Cleri fcandalOf complefteocis ap- 
probation^ k fe inconiiderati faOam revocaic 
jrcnuit. . 

« ;^, Hec (Mfentiuin. in Clero fimultatam origo 
fyltp Sc ex pccafione pfirto abreptis Reverendiffini 
CihalcpctpnenriSt <)ui,n^)cis pro grege perksuUs dt- 
funftot ptoTcripcurqge.ediAo publico hioc in Gal- 
liam JR^ifiU manibrus ft receperat , Oominos Tho* 
nu^SjAlbius naftus CapituUf quod uterque Cbakft- 
jdoneofis quoquo o&odo hjc. inftituerat ^ Decaoun 
soQiRilIofiiUi Cltri priqparips fibi obfecu^danteSf ad 
prof^minanda latios fua dpgfnata animum adjedc. 
Quamobrem opQri.PJiUprpphjcoy . quod fub idem 
t^qipus Domini Keae]qii Digbei Equitis Anrati 
sqmi^ , prQdiit % i^psdificacam i fe Peripatetics 
primum ^ deinde etiam Theologis formam quandam 
ditt ante meditatam^ ab u,fitatd Catholicarum fcho* 
larum Tbeoiogi^ plane abhorrentem vulgjire infti* 
tui^ Quoniam vero vjgilantiffimum Epifcopum, 
qua poUebac in AngUcAnaro Ecclefiam poteftate; 
preyidebac his inceptis obftiturumt quippe qui jam 
tpff diftitabac » duo, ft in Albio animadveitere 
terf ticoruflu propria , novitatem & fingulariutem; 
yifum eft illi Anglican! Capituli ayftoFitatem^qol 
ft fttU f^lciendum arbltrabatur , amplificare pro 
xe nat& 9 urgereque i & quia periculom erat, ne 
nimio.niru protnifa. bs,c r^aebina diflilirety ejoL 
dcm CapituU quamprimum 'maturandan^ ab, ApoP 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

tolid ftde cohflrtiiatibnfeib ctfBroerant eonrm « qnl 
Albio adhfcrercebanc , Cipitularium prkcipoi. * 

4. Romam igicur cum Seftniffims Regins Doftr« 
poftolacis ad Innocentium Decirouto profcdaroDo- 
xnino Kenelmo Digbaso 9 habitft prius coram Reve*' 
tendiffimo ChalcedoneD6 in ejus conclavi Tupet eft 
le conrultatione » io qkk iocerfueruDC RR. DD. 
Ficconus, tone recens Capituli l!>ecanus» Cliffllt- 
dQi» Holdenus, Blaclous, Leybornas, & CarreuSf 
ftaftra reclamantibos Revetendiffimo Epifcopo ft 
Domino Leyborno , quod repulfe periculum pr9» 
fentirent , ruffragiorom numero fadum eft , at per 
Digbeam Regins oratorem enixe peterectir Ad-^ 
glicani Capitali autftoritate ' Pontificis Maximi 
eonfirroatio. Veram Digbeus , re infefta 9 Parifios 
reverrus , Regit)8B , qudP Sangermani per id lem^us 
morabatur, declarationem Italicam fcrfpto exhi- 
buit , quft inter alia legationis lbs poftolatat de 
Capituli etiam confirmatione k Pontiflce fibi dene« 
gatft queftus eft. ' 

5. Anno deinde circiter 1648. cum Dominum 
MarcumHarringtonum^ virum Albio addiftiffifnunt 
Vicarium Epircopi Generalem in Aoglift conftitui 
nonnulli expererent^ recufiivit plane Reverendir- 
fim'us Epiflcopus, atque id ofScium deftinavit Do- 
mino Georgio Leyborno integerriros erga Te fidei 
facerdoti , quamvis repugnant! ^ quod continuas fibl 
moleftias profpiciebat ab Albii afleclis in Capitulb 
prepotent ibus creatum iri. Attamen ReyereAdlfflmo 
Chalcedonenfi aflerenti 9 fe hoc deledtu p^ricuIoQi-^ ' 
fQOi Bovitacum contagioni occurrere^ tandem ob- 

Zz 0. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

ft(}ta«ti2ftJD9iBi9«i LeyboriHiSf Hiftiit prarfbs 

opinamibusPP. FiuoQpf Holdenot AlWo, Caireo* 

Geptralii Viarius jam confticutus hue ex Gaila 

tf^jf9cU« Id poftquam r^fiiienmc ilii quacoor , 

l^rere .ptknum actoniti t mox roajoris ooncordiap 

specie inftare urgereque^ vi% Revereodiffimos Epif' 

^pqs ^terufs ttiam cum nomino Leyboroo Yica^ 

sitfm OeQeralem D. Mareciin HarringtoDom oomi-s 

l^rec. A<idit}$ deoiq^^ PQbiiiuai quoruodtoi utiior* 

^efeias Laicorom . pr^)«i$ obrecfauoBib^rqpc, 

gm^d^vum facilique ingfoio apciftiteoi 6c oppog- 

nflvet);*. w tapdern fuccubuerit. {^rspofterum bog 

CoofiliiuB fuifle brevi eventui docoic. Dmp enia 

Poipino Itfarco Harnogcono pro Albio ejofqne 

opioipoibus jam aperc^propognanti adburcrcerenc, 

^ooxCapitularuro. plerifque » complurcs ex dero fa- 

cerdc|tej^9 c^eceri omDCf iique m^jore nomeEO prird 

ix^eg|;Uate pfesbyteri IX Leybornam fecuti, glif- 

ccQtibus^iDijLies noiMtatib4f fefe opponerept ^ difcU&is 

tit miferabiliret in partes univerfos Clcrvfi*. 

, & Sodem anno xne^fe Augufto, conveneivBt 

^ndiqaaJl^opdipum Cf^jiitiUares 9 prefeotc to coCa* 

pituio prg^rideptequ^, .UQquam Decanp Domiaa 

Pecro FiuoDo t ^bi «. proptere^i qaod duot i Re- 

verendiffimo ChalcedonenC Caoonicos paolo aoci 

^reatos , nulla Reverendiin^ Uterii^mn tanuindeo 

fignificantivins 9 quiM pQqainus Lcybomus prorcfetet, 

latione |x^biift , Decanus excludebac , qoodque prcf- 

titp a capicularium iio|alii de arcano fervando jik* 

ramentOfl ne quid. Cttipiam aperire licerett ip9 

eciam l^nrcopo in fuo Capiculo tranftftorum oo« 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


titiam dniegandamiDiiIti volebine^ aa ptrtnftt* 
tioQem confufionemqoe fommam res rpe^re pn». 
dencionbus videbatttn Aog^bat fufpicioMin < cmP' 
tltutionuoi quarundum ab illo capiculo obferVan^ 
darum libellus cum a FicconOf xutn prerertim I 
Pomino Henrico Doldeno Sac. Jbaologis Doftorf 
eodemque Albii quondam difcipalo & modo ica 
defenfore compoIitu9f obi inter alia Epifcopi jua ' 
poteftatemque manifefte infringencia » cavebatnc, 
uc ab univejrfo Anglicano Clero Qbediencia CapituM 
deinceps pra^ftarecur. Vicic tamen 0« Leybovni 
crga ReverendiiSmum Epircopi^m conllaiitiffiait 
£des 9 effecicque uc majori fu^^giorum immefolt 
non modo quas inibi tranfigereocur ^ omnia re- 
fciendi Epifcopb poteftas inc^ra. miQerec f venim 
etiaro obedienriam i Qero nuUam ffi^igete Capituto 
liceret > quippe quern § uc ante, ab unius Epifcofi 
Dutu pendere squum eflet. Ec quidem 9 quancopere 
fibi difpUcerenc Fitconi Holdenique confticuciosfit^ 
fcripcis ad D* Leybornum literi$ teft^^cus eft ipfe 
HeverendilSmus C}i?lcedonenfis » priBcepitque iifdem 
literis. uc Leybornus fuo Domine vecaret piaM 
Capitulo pr^efiari , quam exigebanc ab univ^db 
Clero, ob^dienfiam. Perftirere nibilominus in eadeni 
urgenda Capitulares^ ucnecdTe habuerir Revcretf«> 
diflimus Epifcopus interminariy fe facuUacibus eoib 
nifi ab incepco deilfterenc, privatun^ip. Afievert^ 
yerunt denique ex ill# conventu nonpauci, Pat> 
lamenurium fibi id Capiculum vifum e0e t quod 
au^toricate in .no& omni Epifeopum^ non aliter ac 
noftratium Farlamwum Regem ipfum txcurlwv 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

< S«6 ) - 

7. Inter bee tpCbm Capituli DecaoDm D. Petnn 
Fittonaoiy ftiroulame confcientia, copido ioceffitf 
qfim palam fovtn credebtcur » diffidii 9 fi quo id 
ptdo fieri poflet, reftingotodi. Sed volfrenci ftcom 
^erftociqtte animo optimi operis difficulcates omoes, 
pericQloraa res aie« plena videbatur. Animadver- 
tebac nimirum pamm fe profeAurnm fine pneci- 
pooram quornndam Capitnlariom operft, qaos tt- 
inen fubinde ftriAira pertentaios abhorrere illico 
fenfit & falataribus confiliis , qoibus ipre jam oc- 
odte cefleraty eracque metrendam 9 ne, quo aper- 
titts rem nrgeret^ eo ilU obftarent vehementins. 
Ergo incercus jam animi floftoanftiuef occafione Jo- 
bilari proxime inftaniis in Icaliam proficirci ftatnity 
cxorrurus ipfecum Deo k fuie expiatione conrcienu8» 
quam in fratres pacem tramfbndi optabat. Qim 
^dem oninia, dum Romam petens Senis aliqaamdio 
fobfiftereCy figoificavit ipfe Dominus Fictonos viro 
coidam illuftri per literas indidem anno Chrifti 1(50 
SI Pebruarii datas, quae penes oos jam extant. 

8. Csterum abfente licet atque inrcio Epiicopo 
&Decano jam procul degence, convocati i Domim) 
liarco Harringtono Vicarlo Generali 9 qui Te etiatn 
pro fubdecano geitbat , conven^re rurfbm Londioi 
Capitulares deeimo Jnlii anno 1653 9 acdtis etiam 
facerdotibus non paucis ex provinciis. Extant ad- 
httc apod Dominum Leybornum Reverendifflod 
Chalcedonenfis liters 9 adhlbito 9 quod & DomioQ 
Lancaftrio Capituli Tbeologo acceperat9 Domini 
Pagii integerrimi Arehidiaconi teftimonio querentist 
4m potijpttum JpcSaffc iUum Convtntim > umpt it 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

JSombU Blaclot^ five Albli dogmata txtollerent » €f 
JSpifcopi in ft auSaritatem cvcrttrtnt , quam Do*^ 
mUnus Carraut, inquU, mihi nuper tn faciem dixit 
imaginari£ua cjfe; hoe autem f ficut pro certo habcof 
d ftmttipfo tantum non dixit. HttQ ex ipfius Re* 
vercndiffimi Chaledonenfis literis ; cojus porro man*- 
dato mox diflbluCQS eft ille Capicuii conventus » 
iiotatufqae fiogulariter iograci aoimi & TedicioQis 
nomine Harringconus primis his ejufdem mandati 
verbis : Quoniam y ut a fide dignis accepimus , tu 
Marct f^icmrit mi GtncraUs , nuper ingratt &ftdl^ 
tioji eonvocafti quofdam Preshyteroi facularts 9c.; 
qoin etiara eidem Harringtono una cum DD. Gu- 
lielmo Uarrirono, Andrea KnightliftO/ Jacobo 
WaltoDo^ Thona Ashcono^ Petro Curtifio Capi«* 
tularioqi pmcipois per litteras Kal. Auguftt 
tanquam de injuria graviffimd expoftulantib^us rei^ 
oripfic extemplo Reverendiifimus Epifbopus, tcer^^ 
ximequeeoa denonnul]isincrepans,fasc de ufurpato 
ab Harringtono fubdecanatu addidic : Dominum Hat^ 
ringionnm CapituU veftri dicitis fubdicanum : quod 
neque ego in ilium officium 9 ntque aUiis quifquaih 
auSoritate d me munltus unquam contulit. Hoc 
tnimvero quid afiud eftf quam in Epifcopi poteftuf 
tern involare^ & /pirituaiem auSoritatem nemine 
tribuenu fibi arrogare^ quddfane, quale peccatum 
fit, non vos latet. Ad bee tliis litteris 11 Odtobrfr 
«jufdem anni ad quioque jam nominatorum facer- 
clocum dacisy feverifflmc pnecepic , uti Harringconus 
ttb ttfurpando illo fobdecani munere defifterec^ his 
Tcrbis : Qffod vtro ad Domini ffarringtoni fkbd^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3^8 ) 

tanatam attinet » aio me nunquant tjufdtHodl officlam 
inftituijfep neque voluijfc ilium create fubdccanum^ 
^ometfiD. FutoHHs id me rogaritf neque certo unquam 
fcipljfe ilium id officii ufurpaffe « priufquam primui 
vtftras litteras legi. Quam ob rem pnecipio ut tA 
illo munere dtfiftat » dohec mihi ofteaderit 9 turn 
p. Fittoaum poteftatem habuijft Uium creandi fub* 
decanumj qaaai tulem legitime creapljfe Perftiut 
tamen Harrmgcooas in eodem officio refraftarius ad 
eztremum v\i?d diem , quern abfque poftremis ^c- 
defiai Sacramentis I & lioe Aibii dogmacum 9 qos 
penitus imbibetat « retrH(3»tiODe ulla , cuni tnuU 
torum etiam Laicorum fcandalo 9 oUit menre Jolio 
anno Chrifti i6s1. ^ 

9. Exceflentc jam i vivis Lutetiab Parifiorom 
Reverendiffimus ChalcedonenGs , & aliquanto poft 
etiam Florencis, quo fe Romft durancmm adbac 
in Aoglicano Ciero difienfiooum pertstrus jadidu* 
dum receperac^ mortuus eft D. Betnis Flttonost 
qui quotquoc penes fe turn habebac editos &D. Aibio 
libros 9 Inqui&coribus facris tradi rooribuodus juffir ^ 
addens vel damuatBs jam ejjh, wl aliquando dgm^ 
Handos eos Ilbros. 

ID. Succeffit Fittono Capitulajriuni>fuffragiis Do* 
minus Odoardus Daniel ftc Theologiss DoAor^ 
qui eciam ipfe^ priufquam Decanus fierec, aver- 
fatus Albii Holdenique dogmata^ fubfcripto una 
cum D. LeyboTDo communi chiR>grapli09 miffifqoe 
Duaco litteris ad Capiculares aliolque facerdotes in 
Iiondinenf(^m ilium oonventum aoni 1653 coogre- 
eacoSf vehemwcer fuafict itt eorondem folennid6> 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

tcftstioiiG iottfim Clcro l&btoi tbftcrgemt ^ fed 
b. Danidcm » qood aliis jam fiiirerat auAoritaoe 
Toa pexfiodre medicaoteO) prsematura mors Ckre cri- 
puit menfe Sepcembris aooo Domini i6sj. 

XI. Prodierant jam sn lucem Damioi Thorns, 
Albii complura opofcula Theologioa; qos pto 
ctiverfo partium ftodio Anfuque flon modo it Oero^ 
iFcrufn in ip&s quoque;, Laicif var iov quotidie exjcir- 
ubanc animorum rnotus. In his |aiifeniai» httrefebs 
lK>tai>«ntttr pociffimom bsecdogmau, nin^tamjfr^ 
tisM fit0ckntem prtnjks ima^uiurlam efft f tollmht^ 
vim Uberi arbUrii : Chrifiam Mqut mcrttum tffh^ 
^ua nm /htu ioM^ ncfae ww^umm tfft fttkftrfbtklt 
•ton falvina : Grmtiam nature C0rn$pta t0c fi^^ppt 
ifficactm 9 iiefCAe mtlytrfdittr t fed mhmri^tautffm 
hominum ponianl t^mnmmicmtam tfi. Inmo :rt0 
in libellp , quem mktip&\ ^ppesulkul§m M fbmn^ 
hwcciaa JipTom Couielium Jaofeaium ^ttfque pnt* 
pofttioDca ^qoinqua ab ApqftoUc& fade damoaras 
ftomiaatim ab AJbid afiiif vjodjcariqine palimjfim 
tsrat. Ad hsc oSeofioni erat quod docoic^ enrfffi 
iieoff/TiAte m Deo txifitu datrminatiwum de fin^ 
turitiant . uuiidi ^ihguie gencraiionem filU : itidosi 
per SpUimm SmffmHf am dicltur Ckrifii^ t^^ 
«<jpaif li/t'Spirim^MSotitfitRi^ Demn Pann: 
epi&opiMa mtiom lOrdisis aoil .e& SupeckveiD 
^esbytero^ csmi pf esfa^eri poffint coooofscte ;aid 
oidiBaQicm6m£ptlbopi : aogdos fcire bti^ra ooatia* 
gebtia tattle fecceu oordiomrattiQe ade6 Bihil£iseflie 
inceraan : vnstms ki ^argatbrio detemns cmciati 
tSq/iit a4 cKtremttm yiditii diem : In damnatis 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 3?o ) 
mblln fore feDfitivas psnas : opioioocAii teoenteM 
I^apam efle isfiiHibilem » efle hsreucam » trchi- 
.tereiicamy & matrem natficemque fpuiciffirooroti 
erroraai:JQdiceiiicontroverfiarain« cujus mtiinif fit^ 
de fide quid fie, quid noD^ difirernere, nollam 
efle, oeqae efie poflc. 

III. HiOc atiaxjue Id genus dc^tnata cum mordi- 

tia toerentuY Albii affeclW t comitooca tandem or« 

thodoxorum ^ cum et Clero 9 turn Religiofomm 

•Ordinibus Theologorum piis querelis Apoftolici 

fedes exorfa eft faonim librorum 9 oe erroriboi 

.Cbrifti lideles inficere poflent « prorcriptionem i 

' detrnp^ Etnitentiffimorum S. R. E. Cardinalium Is- 

'^fitorum Genetalium , quo 14 Mali 1(55 ejufdefs 

'Albii 'JbnfMi focc&ut^ five tres traftatus de virtutibos 

vfidcl k Theologfs^ &c. omnino ptohibuic. Fremeie 

^primum^ tfi^ tumukuari Albius ^ deinde percuflom 

hocdecreta libeUttmalio ibripto^ qvLodTabnIas Sif^ 

fia^alt^ nuncupavit, defendere, turn in prifcfixl 

Stfiiem Tabulis ad Alexandrum VII nunc Ponrifieetn 

ci^. mak. epiUdla Eminentif&mos CaMinales lo^ 

itta frntrts atque incUnoios.judices dicere. Dem- 

^que de'cretum it>(\im , uc cohfli/km atque id nmbrtm 

fiHecorpoTty Itvi totit credentlbus ierticulamentlmf 

'fid interrogantibus nihil fitums aperte criminari. 

I^oocirca alio decreto per t^fdem Emmentiffiods 

iCardinales tutu Sajfragadei has tahulas , torn lis 

adnexam ftffancs evulgationem inhibuit^amnaTitqoe 

Apoftolica Tedes 7^. Septembris anno Chrifti 1657. 

Neque tamen vel lie qutevic Albius^ qui h«c 

etiam kiuamvis dacbaata fctipta eadem perriocii 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( srx > . 

Vtodicare perftitit in libeHo « quem Mdtumtiham 
txcantatum iorcripfit adverros D. Robertiim Ptt« 
ghiuoiy de quo mox agenius. j 

13. AuAoricatero iaterea AlbU Tcriptis fidemquQ 

apud Catholicos Anglos abrogabant hi^c Eminen- 

ti£5rooruni fanAl officii Cardiilalium de^reta $ quap 

opcimi CQjurque confcienciam perc^UebaDC , & fimul 

aacerorum viri.. li^rorum deteftationcm indies pa^ 

liebaQC y fimul ab au^tore i^fb gravioruoi omnium 

^nimos abalienabant. Collabafcencem igitpr aroiqt 

exiftimationem uc aliquo mpdo fUlqirec D. tienricvii 

HoldenuSf fcripta PariQis eodem anno ipNovem- 

bris ediiaque epiftola , horam decretpjom au^ori* 

tatetn vimque Cacbolipos Aogligs incolas pbligahdt 

omnem elufic. Quamobrem Capitularium plerique 

Albio adhsrercences cum Holdeni epiftola animaci 

turn eiiam repulfa^ quam eorum agens D. Lauren-^ 

tins Ptattus Roina^ tulerac, qui ne EpQin^niiffitnife 

quidem veftrs Uteris j, nedum ApoftpHcq Brevi 

obtenco » quo Capicqlum hoQ k SSmo. D. noftr(^ 

yel probaretur, vel certe a^npfceretur^ buc redJeir 

rat, incenfi, ccperunc non modo alieni aver0qu9 

& Romanft Curift animi indicia prodere » crebioxjeC- 

que etianT'per quefdam Lalcos fibi addldos que^ 

limonias difteriaque in fedem ipram ApoftQlicam 

e£fundere » fbd Epifcopalem quoque , quam jan(idtt* 

duro 9 quafi 9 vacante hie Ibde 9 novo Qapitulo ^ 

quam vis ab Apoftolica fede neqdupi inftituto con- 

firmatoqut9 debitam nftirpave^nt jurirdidtionem ^ 

eciam in f\)iritualibus obftinatiilst qtsam hadt^nus , 

fxercere. Seditionem augebanc per hoc teipjpun 

Aaa ci 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( 37^) 

fjp9ittit in volgas fchedulse libellique veroaculo idio- 

mate cum ab Alhio ipfo^ turn ab ejus fedatoriboi 

eciam * Laicis cum multorum maxime iofirmoroai 

fcandalo publicaci , quibus prster alia Albii pro- 

sunciaca crebr6 ingulcabatur » aoimasit quotquoc 

in Porgatorio Tudc^ omncs ad extremum judicii 

diem ibidem permanruras, deridebanmrque piorum 

preces acque indulgentis pro earundem ante illuia 

dim liberatione adhibere foliti^. Hec cum kn- 

pendentis magna Cleri parti ab Apoftolicft fcde 

defedionis periculo proi^ima vlderentur^ vifuai eft 

sonnulUs integritatis & |>rudenti^ laode pr^eftaa* 

tibus facerdotibus rogare D. Robenum pQghias 

ex eodem Clero Theologum , Jqiris Canoniqi Docr 

toretti 9 k fanfts Sedis Apoftolic^ Proconotaiium % 

nc per Epiftolam cum ortbodoxis fratribiia comnra- 

Bicandaro t quo res Cleri loco jam eflet, reipotiorei 

Londino l^resbyteros edoceret pariur^ atqiie io 

officio erga (andlam fbdem corroboraret. Confcripb 

igitur b«, Pughius libellum , quem inrcripiit Efif^ 

tolam de jtngUcanl Cleri retlnenda i> jfycfioliam 

fedcm obp^Tvantl$. ejujqut vix earn nm&erum « $ 

quidem latini typis edi permific^ qui foli Qeia 

fuflScerett ne acclpieodum magis quam daodum 

inde fcandalum latius , quam par efiet » permauk 

xet : fiquidem in hoc Jlbello turn Holdeni Epiftolais 

tanquam in Eminentiffimocpm Congregationis fan% 

Officii CardinaKum decreet injuriofam 9 feditior 

famque« turn Capitul|ir.em Cleri adipiniftratiooea 

tanquam 4 pauculis Albio addiftis Sacerdotibos 

line Ppnfificis Maximi auftoritate arieptam liberiv 

perftringendam duxic. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


X4. Vulgata jam Poghii Ep^ola.^ 4ivtf6 f9|<^ 
iBorum inotas t ut cuiqoe ftudia pactiupa j^ exdcaci^ 
pars muiBcando in auftorem fcemece » eraotquft U 
potiffimum 9 qui Capitulares Albiuipniu^ mordicuf 
amplexi • d^bitam facri) dfcr^cis obedieDC^m e^ 
occulta ^Qdebanc. Pars apertius in Ulum^YcaodcCv 
cere 9 minarique Qltionem fiibiuiQ : ejrant bi ?e^ 
{^apitularium iprorum primarii 9 vcl qui AH^ii 
emlflarii aique arcanofum parcicipes noUftifiKiiS 
ferebanc mac||xinatiooes Tuas, xji^Me ipfos puqgiK 
r#Di , pern^uka reliquo Clero jaiB patQfter<« 4Mi d^ 
nique , quibus faoa adhuc abhorreoTqpe |i^ ouMiii im 
Titatis uiBbra imds S^ fincera erga ApoftqUtai^ fipdepi 
^eneracio erat 9 l^cari nia^nopyej^e gratujljiriqiie dp 
majore Cleri pane hoc UbeUo >b omoi &»je fedi^ 
tiODiSy five erroris fufpicione yiudkat^* 

\s* ^^H fe^niu^ dircu0a Tub hi^ teoapoca i 
Donnullis agitataqipe eft, editis utrimque Ubr^t 
Albii opinio JPt media anmarum fluffs 9 popu^oa^ 
ronique prp cominuQi Ecclel^ pra;U,Benedi^^ii« 
Francifcani ^ tandemque Soci^taxia jefu Theolq^ 
Quinetiam Academia J^uacena pfopofmouea vjg^ 
4uas ex lihris Jafiituthnum /^ramm^eJuTjdep Albli 
excerpras IbleniM peofgra g Noyeobrif 4U»a i^^ 
vt reJpcSiv^ h^raicas , errmeas .9 pukulsfas t <f^ 
p^r arias 9 fcoftdalo/g^ 9 .& jiairwi aurUmt^M^l^ 
^mnavic. TjpjecjU^c hue Di^tf^o tribus aDce j^^liiam 
hanc cenfurarm ipenfibas I>0QHniiia -Qci^ilia jLegr^ 
^inu9 S. Ttieo^Pgiff Do^or dppiys. ^ i»e inema^ 
jatui 9 Idemque xn.odp Duacenif bm «ft Pppt^Kcii 
|u:«cj()iuique CtexiCQiap iK^traUBQi Sjeounuu Pneh 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

fts 9 inftiten^tqoe etiam atque etilm jfiic pneflms , 
ut Dommas Onuphrius Elireus Decanos, & Ca- 
pitalariutn precipui , quod in fepteDtrioiialibut 
Anghs partibus vigioti de Clero Sacerdoces iidem- 
qae Anglo*Duaceni CoUegli quondam aluquii , 
iocer qoos Archidiaconi duo 9 jam fecerapc ^ quod- 
que compluT^s tota ABglia fparfl fkcere parabaotf 
Albii dc^matum - libellorumque 9 prsfbrtim quos 
CoQgregatioDes facrs jam profbripreranr , derefta- 
tiom fua figillatim D^mina 9 amolleods ib Clerq 
Infamis caufa* fubfcriberenc : hoc unof compo- 
litis fratrum diffidiia, (bblatifque fcaodatiSt Deo 
gratos re£lofi)ue, demum in Curia Paftorem d Dd 
Yicarl09 ac Pmrulem afiequuturos. Sed illis etdemt 
quft haftenus, vec6rdi& id abnueDtibus^ LfCybomas 
irrito conato Duacum reverfus eft. 

itf. Dominum OnuphTiumElifeum Sac. Theologue 
Doftorem ^Dahiele mottuo 9 Capitulates jampridem', 
quippe ab anno fUucis 1^57 , fibi Decanum elegenot 
in conveotu quodam Londini habico eodem anno 23 
NovembriSy unde qui aliquoties interfbit Doaco 
mifius Dominus Thomas Powellus S. Theologis 
Profcflbr ad D. Leybornum inter alia aS ejurdem 
fiienfis h«c fcripfir. '^uscit valdi JUfgidontm mtam 
Cdpkularei In prafhnti fbo regimint conttntos at- 
quitfitre ntqiu Eplfivpum veUe $ quod animaJvertip 
Uhs adeo prafraffe rteufarCf /hb/tripilonibus fuis 
duefiari novitntes^ omnts & ftanddlofiu oplniones 
'Domini Albli% alias Slachi. Quemadmodum vera 
Dominus Oeoff ins Catheridus Archidiaconus Ebol 
lai^enfis diverfis literia ante figniBcaverac ft nihil in 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( S?5 ) 

^fterum eum capimlaribus communt vtflt^ 9»ipp^ 
§ui Clero turn doml$ turn apud cxteros dedecorl 
effcnt^quiquc crtdtnntur fchifinatici » & fchifmatic6 
more 9 non modo cum Cltri » fed ipfius etiam nationii 
nojine pr$bro agercnt ; ita in jam diAo cooventtt 
Dominus Joannes Yongos de Q^ituianbui Albiiqae 
fodione hand abecrancem i Domini Cathericii 
cujuf tone Ticem obtinebat» fenfu ftntentiam foam 
teftificatus eft. Candancem dio tergiverfantemqut 
jDominum Etifeum perpuleront tjandem Capitolaresy 
\it eledioni torn nono poll meafe eonrencitet. lea* 
qoe facili ii^enio vir addudas Undetti eft noQ 
inodoy ut^ quod longe poft i)r»finitnm i Tacrit 
Canonibas ejufmodi eleftioni ctmpoav Decahi mu«- 
nus fufceperi^t ^ ad hunc diem nulU hadenus ob^ 
tenia jnxca 4i^s eanonis confirmatione exequert^ 
tur^ verom etiam jufirdidione ocdinaria jam cum 
i Capitulo arrogau facultates dirpenfationtfTqut 
concedendi 9 exigendique k ceteris Clericii obe^ 
dieociae juramentum five per fe > five per vlcariol 
generates I fuo Capitulique nomine uteretur. 

17. Palantis interea jam Kitu fine Paftorc ADglli- 
cani gregis mifert^s aiiq/sanda fommus optimufqaa 
Ecclefie paftor D. Francirco Oagio S. Tbeolo^itt 
TDoBtoxi Ci^tularUim ni^ocia . in urbe procufantl 
jBpircopum conc^flit 9 qui Ecckfii^m noftram tanquanl 
yicarjius Apoftolicoa adminiftrarec. Veram OecanO 
Capitulique hf4^% primoribus adeo non arrifit hset 
benigniffimi Poncifids gratia ^ ot eandem illico pet 
.Gagium acriter de accepta increpitum detredirint* 
£mmyero> quihaecxeftienincplerique ib Oapita* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( S?6 ) 
tites inVehl ^ qm^ Epifcopi i SSmo. Doniiiio Im* 
jpetrtndi fifAoftcione , qoem fibi iDterhD ttoqioifl 
AlWo plot mqvto addidis denegiDduo) rpermrenCf 
qoo dintitss ipfi Clefo itnperitareilt » SpifcopRli in 
iKKadtntniftratidDi rerei^ viam otiineinpr^chififieiit. 
is. Albius c^rte in libelk) » qnem adverrm Paghii 
epi^olam qdidici aoftis eft dfe hac Pontificia Ope. 
Max. concefficAe, tanqoam de indlgnijpmi repul/U 
eonqoeri > indeqoe occafionem famere noti foinm 
i&Gefii?ndi Poghlnn^ conviciis^ fed ob prorcriptas 
ilomsa Janftniftarom G^allotutn dtto it vigaui td 
Prwtuctakm Bplfiolat In ipfttn ttjam Apoftolicaia 
ftdem 9 ifnafi fcclerum & cnriii dvilibos & coo* 
vidkui hniliano intolerandimini ftttttjcem & proteo- 
tricera debicckandi. PablicatK IbbiBde in Holland^ 
Aaurat marwirfiwt i^Uuti^iMus Sthicis epiftolao 
pnefixic ad Utoftrlffimos Belgii ^ilbopos , In qtn 
cofden tanqwin Pttti fyectffofikta pare^ ab Apof- 
tcdiaa fedis obedicnrtia avertit^ turn Societateili 
|efa tanquam tMcuram 9 EccI^ ruingm mediUoh 
urn exirccMiemqiu^tutn Eminentiffipiitim Cardinaled) 
Pallavitinvtia tuiquam pro Bifti^rks pn^fant fcrlfts 
prmmiQ purpwrA & prJtffOm'A tmtum non Beckfis 
ibMlmi petalattv^lRttit arrodic f approbatque mrTam 
l&nftaiftaram jam pridem danmatas ad Provifida^ 
tem qriftolas : Ut miHiiM miraa fit ClaltniBnnta 
DoaUOQiii Abbat^m Monti(kegtt)ft ApcAolicols ill 
$k^i\o latemubdtttn in llteHt li Offe^bfis fopetioit 
anno ad D. Leyb^num ibriptii %oc Albii opoi 
pemkiaftun^ quod^M pi0mM fuAea prefhnkB k 
ditUcoioria «tf Pr^lm$s Btigii^ muOiy^mq^t Ipfkk 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

^t^tLoHi ^ tniarail c&riis hothimti iCixif^. "Aou 
teodum profefto inter alia virum plerirque eft t qt^Od 
in eadem Staler a mamm docttf cds niitdrum$ qid 
tefkport perfkqdutlonls de ntdid ftdd dhUilo dabU 
tant i ftd jaSuram tpum 9 nUfirias jlijbtrt nod au* 
^ent ; ihcontlneiaes Ittm » dammd6 maatat^ in litis 
hoc judltiam , /uiura doAa tjfk Jbla bona » ttiatkfi 
^mdrtt flAUanea prmoecupatl /patidm prdpatandi fh 
per psnktntlam non Inv^trlnt, tdmoi faii^ahdtisiffif- 
f ^. Profligati jitm licet apud pl*rof4ue AlWi 
AfBft, ttihilo tamen r«i&iffibr6s In to cole^dd «xaii&> 
tandirque ejus adverDiriis fafti Ibnc Capitulam t 
liam & in tontaitcli6fo> quod tatn ttk^Xo jpoflf \atc 
dirperferunt 9 anonyml'tujardam t^aict \ik bi^Miniii^ 
I'ughium Vetnacolty fcttptd ^ tleit:i6 qnod t(ii'dd$^ 
fam ekctUehtlamque -rf»« d^erttw MflfeWrt fHftni 
tut ; & in encyclica lllo libello 9 ^utfin a^etltik 
t)6fflimita Leybdnmm mox poblicdfe'^ fubfcriptft 
etiam Domini fillfti Decani pr^cipndru^c^&f^' iC^i 
Idtutarium nominibos » non lUht ve^ltt ," e|iil^^«i 
A\hii tnibata^ at toquuntw^ vlia vlHbtefque^^ 
9k cum fhltntla itnlntnt ^ tuffi ofieA' tknquajl) 
Eeclefld! ihl utilla cdebrantuK "^ 

^ io. Hob anno itoenft Maio adtreflliS lyMffibm:^ 
qinemy conttti jam dlftatn dcralntndd in JifoJt6* 
itcam/tdem oM/e/tjTiii'e^iftoIamtediderat Al^ius^ 
!n(l:ripftratque errote nomJnis M^nUfntthiUk ticoAf^ 
iteitin /ptodllc latine ftfiptqoi acte Pt^'j^tf^^ 
ftm, cai eKdantailmli ^ti^eft tlvAuyh ittii^t i 
nrquemultopoft vulgara eciaWeftteyborni rerponiia 
Anglica ad Capiculatium in fe libellum encycUeum> 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

ipupipgeruntque base ^o . yehemeotiQi Ca{4toI&ies^ 
quo &^4f> Albioejufquis ^ifleclis in utfumque ob}e&i 
iiberius his libellis recunduncur t & m&Ie anc)gaict 
X^apitulo jgrifdidioqis f^Uitdf fie apertior. Odium 
inruper *4ll:uoi ejufque fcripcis fub hoc tetsfkat co> 
jmulavic ab h6teiodQX(irttm Pi:ocerum qqd nemioe, 
ili^'fui^re^is Pariftmeoci coniifiis, palam Catholics 
exprobcacus perduelHs Ubellos Dt obedicfUi4t& G»- 
b^naUonis fmdamtmis^ ab Albio hotnioe fialicec 
Cat^oiico fez abbinc aimis pro CromweUi ty^u- 
ipl4<vi^ ftdverfus Sereniffimum Regem tunc eztoneiB 
puW^cattti*' . ^) . . ,; 

• ^*V 9**^^ P^*^ ?^^!f^^? Capitolftres egeriDt ii 
jbpnyVncuj fuo» hop anno duobus abhiDc mesfibo 
1t6n4iQi^ l^s^iio « eaQ.tum ^b ipfis tlTe aionc 9 bc 
|x^Up1^a^^Certumjeil.«os^ five poftremoxom Altui 
i<frlPW^ii&» ex iifque ad M% perticeatis iofamis 
pudoir^i feo^^ei' fus Roms adverfis fen^per etea* 
t^bjis^jP^oc^r^ts ;aedio^» fea^d^nique aii<ftore Illof- 
tiriiSin^ Dojii\qp p.^Abbate Aubigneo SereniffiiM 
^egin^ (fx ^[^ufitania propejliem esfpeOattt nstgno 
jSle^^O^n^p^o Ja9i defi^qatoi k cujus digi^ nan* 
iibui indole operate jopt;niaUcea{^decrevi(&(qaod 
q)^(UByis r licet Qfigencihiis badienujs orthodoxis 
twribus^abBf^erant J^qt^prpjGpriptos ccrte i Acni 
Einlp^ptiflimoruKn. Cardina^Upip cong^e^tionibos 
Xrbil ii.^llos etiam ipG in ppfterup rej^ciant de« 
tcKentyrqoe^ infuper, quicquid in ejofdem Albii 
libro be fibcdUntU 0. Gu^eraationis fmdamwh 
^in. fa,(ram jp^eg,is noibOn^efUiceai , pffeniionis iPcfL 
i^uo4!itVtn. cdnceptis Verbis, deinde poefticeniat 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

in cofitomelioro admodum'maAifefto quodam fbo 
adyerfus D. Leyborsum noviflime pubUtato. 

sa: Habes igitur 9 tn^CnenUiSine & RevereDdiffime 
Domine, prefentetn Anglicani Cleri coDditionem 
iincere ^ me, ac fine iuqp 1119 ttpofitaof. Vido^ 
corporis ^ritudinejQ oipnem ad duo potifSBpttm 
xnali capita revocatam *t qlibrom alterun^ ferpens 
in ' rehqoa snembra ex' utilus comagione enorum 
Tinif, altemm veio il facaniotibas nomMUis \tfar- 
pata jamdia in reliquos omnes fab Ca|)ituU fpecie 
jatifdiAio eo periculofior , quo ab illis inconfidera-* 
tius ad ipfa facramentorum inyfteria One fupeiri^ 
Paftoris auAorit^te excendiiur. peus falutai-is npfte^ 
ixk vicarii Tai conlilip » ci;i}us ti). pars na^a^ qtqitc 
in ipfo Venice 9 uc cum Auguilino loquar ^ cgmponat 
mcmbrorum omnium fan^itatem teque AngHc^nfB .£c- 
clefis protedlorem patronumque op.^imi|qi quam 
diMtiffiroi fervec ipcolomem* Salopli ](dib. Koy^iiH 
WsMDCLXl. \ : 

Cmincfitii^ veftrftf &o. 


* f 

HumilUmus in .Q}rii^ S^i^rus 

Bbb a 

Digitized by Vji0OQIC 


N^ XI. 

Scnptum dh B^lmo Potmno HsNRica 
HOLDEVO^ S. T. VoBate Sor^nica 
(xMiitum P<^Iam4n$a Amglicano onm^ 

turn An^Uct^ 

Ijlf pUouerit patlatte^to libtnatem ftcere, of 
Catbblici Rot&imi id regno quieci vivaoc » placeat 
iUi patirer i vero Catholico tioc coDfiliom a^mit- 
tere, io fui majorem Sl iDelioreip. ftcuritateia. 

Primdf nuUus exterQus Rek aut ftatus pro eis 
|nterc^4^tt Dec fe io,coc»^oeD4is Caiholicorum 
lebu^ itntlun&eat; Ted vi^eant Catbolici liaso fitu 
i Parlamento libertatetQ coscecU foft fpootc 6c ineil 
trga eos beneyolentia. 

Second^ juijuraodum boc iotprclTusn & his ao- 
sexum oniverfifdicer ab oQnibu^ Caibolicii cujoi- 
€unque profeffionis V fi^t ; & fi quia Ccclefiaftkrot 
auc Si^ularis % Laicus, aut H^Hgiofos iUud reco^ 
fee , rogetur is , ut c regno fe fubtrakat , tsD- 
qoam jsieinbroni son idoneutn Reipublica^f (coo; 
les io prsaTentla fe babent. 

TeitiA habeafit Catholics fVel potios oUigeDW 
habetrfet %el 6^ tl^^ifcopos plus mious > p^ s<^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

4{t I^ibo^ «niiit (proQt MMm tltt #9i}Miirii 
^ifiropi Tont) omaium CtihglicoFttm ftqceotif^^ 
Apoftoloroo IbQceflbreiyhibe&cestiiiptiumiii'ftwi 
immedii^te all ipfomec Cbfifto Jtfli #. tt c<m(^ 
qoeoter Mependeoceia itb.omni Idia mtoriunt 
fpiriroali quacQn^QC , tciMi ipfiut Fiipip. Nv» 
gusQvis omMS £pifcopi teoeutur jgopfoere PapMI 
taoqimro caput fuum t val (vimum Pal^oifoi # i)}t 
tamen noo potoft Us uHqoi pr9cepfi9ai iflipoMif 
cujgrcufiqoe iiatiir«# Qtfi ipft^^li^ Rafpoblioa^ ti| 
q^% degunt , juiMoevc expediii ; It h*c ttac oUm 
praxis Catholiaovwi in Apulia t tk Mot fft i» 
Qallia 9 fc itt omni alio regno & ftau cathdioi^ 
Omnis Clems « feu omnes Edplefiaftici, five filft 
fpcolaFeif fiv!) f«««lafef fr pwdtaoc lib htt£pfraopis 
9c renaneiarf cogamur omQl inmediati^ 4epen4mtift 
ab alio quo^uoque estr^ .fcgQam t toq|Oe maiiim^k 
quia muUi regulara priatemloni k p^ Pa(>MI 
cximi ab otaoi ordiMrii pot^ftate U )«rirdi^ioM ^ 
^ircoporum^ ft ifDoiediace fiibji^l :iPafp9^ v^ Oh 
dinisQeperaUaUenigea^v ftapud eatfiiai natioMi 
degeiui* Qiwe ofoocs fiietfrdotes tarn. fi^calafM^ 
quam rcf uUret jurcjoraatlo ctaaaDsur tmUatf 
cxetcere juiifi^i&ioofQi , ecdefiaftitfaot fandiooein 
Ipiritualem au^orjcaxem , wa nb ipfii Epifiropi 
acceptam li: jitiorif ataoi # &• eorUDdniB pehMiflii; 
Quibus qoiconque rcftiteriat^Aut prfBtendcrint fe 
iramediate pendere ab externo aliquo Ppelatp aut 
poteftate quacuDque , rogetur^ ut 4 regno fa 
fubftrahant » fanquaiQ membra poo idonea huif 
. Iteipublidi; , j«oot res»reBtia fi?J|iabcnt. ^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Omoes CftthdUd Laki tocius' R^i (JQXti ra* 
nioni Ciith6)i€bram fmtentiam ) ' er\mt veri t <c 
]^ Ohrifti Inftitucionem Tubditi iftis Epifcopis ifi 
amta re fpiiitiiiill9'& conftqtiemer hi E{»fco^i ^ 
^oo ifioio teoeri poterunt Terpondere pto crimim« 
*y| i fois fubditii coramiflSs (fi quse fuethit) contra 
ftatum; EfntEpiftopl hi nimitim fiiam aocoricatem 
VXtendtfic^ praerertim in rebas, que ftcioDt ad 
guberoatioMfiittinpbilileiti, uc in tfeftitmeDtorom 
prabatioQibMS i ploKwi logatonim difpofitioncy in 
caiifis nacrlmo&ialibus jodicaadis' &c. facile eric 
eorom jorrfdifticKieni coertere In fimilibos, pH)uc 
expedite videbirar in rerom 'patticuleriam diTcuP^ 

Qttia vero Jeruit^ videotor peritolofum corpoSi 
le ab omni'ftato Chriftiano aeicholieo habemur 
inaximi fadiofi^ fi vel iHi, vet alTui regularis ordo 
teeofavetit iukprelfiini hbc , & hifce aonexom M- 
Jurandum facere» vel lb Tubjieere EpKcopis uc fopnt 
habeantuip membra* n6n idonea Rlsipibblfeiey uc nuo€ 
fe res habeot; & ideo rogentur , nc h regno fe 
Itabcrahanc , non'. reli^onis ^ufA-t ibd fufpiciomsy 
^uam de ipfa ftacus habere poceric ; cui quideoi 
iti reliqui Carholid ft minime opponenc, proitt 
fe non oppofaefunc VenetiiSt & in aUis Catholids 
fiatibu€^ multo minus in regM acatbolic^* 

2VB. I capnq^ any ^here iRnd tl^e form of 
oatb^pf whfch* Dr. Holden here fpealcs. The 
t>refumpcio9 of this roan and his party in attemptiof 
\o fetter the confciences of their btetbren t^ ^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

(^&3>. ^ . 

Mth; their negoctations with the uAirpers of publie 
power; their fchirmaciccl plan of ehurch- govern^ 
ment , evidently framed to draw the whole poj/ru 
Itxo th^ir own hkndt; tfaetr propbfal of the peN 
fecotiog daofe of banishment againft tbofe, whoff 
integrity they coold '. not corrupt ; all thefe cirt 
cnmftances betray the ambition oi the unprincipled 
leaders of the Blackloifts » they difcover the real 
>3bjeft , for which they published and apologised 
iDr tach others falfe doArlnl»9 aM they copvey 
an important leflbn to all Bishops and priefts , to 
difcburage aid check in its^arly ^^eginnings, what<^ 
ever has the appearance of an eccloliafticai cabal 
againft eftablished authority. * 

PlPf IS. 




By thifamt Atukor. 

PRidted b|f }. P. CottLKtt , Dokt Stmt QttX^ 
'waon Square } wi fttid bf M eflh. J. DEkiLbTt « 
Piccadilly } BdoiaiR « Ilofld 8tre«« ) lUAVnia » 
Warwick SttMt » aadllMiviom, Pitff noAet Ro«; 

y SMtilM^tOHf tj[s%. I. £ f. d» 

C0N9tDBJL4tl9HS w the moditn liplnUm ^ 
thf falUbUUy pf ih€ holy fu U tb$ dtcifiak tf 
diigmaticd quifiums, ijgo, i. f. S. A* 

OM^ERrjiTtONS (Ml the $ktthprop6fid to Rommi 
Catholics f i^i. u t. 6. dL 

At^ jiHSWEtL to the feiond Slut Book, iy^u 

Digitized by LjOOQIC