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Report 1977-1978 




In the past two years, Field Museum has presented enormously suc- 
cessful exhibits, offered a ftill spectrum of public programs, and main- 
tained a complexity of scientific research projects. All of this has been 
accomplished while executing one of the largest building renovations in 
United States museum history. That we were able to bring this eight- 
year-long, $26-million project to virtual completion during this extremely 
active period is evidence of the co-operation of many segments of the 
Museum's community and is a tribute to the special strengths and re- 
sources of the institution. 

To begin, the collective generosity of the Museum's friends — children, 
adults, corporations, and foundations — combined to raise a total of 
$12,623,925 for the Capital Campaign completed in 1974. This sum en- 
abled the Museum to qualify for a matching $12.5 million from the 
Chicago Park District bonding authority. We owe thanks to our donors, 
the taxpayers of Chicago, and also to our Trustees and many volunteers 
from the Women's Board and the corporate community for their dedicated 
efforts on our behalf. 

Next, architects, construction managers, contractors. Museum Trus- 
tees, and staff worked together to plan and execute this massive program. 
Many of the improvements have been detailed in earlier reports and still 
others are cited in these pages. Field Museum has been changed; it has 
improved. And we are proud of it. 

From April 15 through August 15, 1977, even as the renovation work 
proceeded, the Museum was host to the enormously popular "Treasures of 
Tutankhamun" exhibition. The United States tour of 55 objects from the 
tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun included six American 
cities; Field Museum and the Oriental Institute of the University of 
Chicago were co-sponsors in Chicago. Admission to the exhibition was 
free; the regular Museum admission fees remained in effect. 

The exhibition was visited by 1,348,000 people. This is the largest 
attendance for the Tutankhamun tour and, to our knowledge, the 
greatest attendance for a temporary exhibition in the United States. Ac- 
cording to the Chicago Convention and Tourism Bureau, the city's hotel 
and restaurant trade received a substantial $30-million boost from the 
estimated 300,000 out-of-town visitors drawn to the exhibition. This was 
clearly a unique phenomenon in the Museum's history. 

A second major temporary exhibit attracted considerable public and 
critical attention during this two-year period. From February 15 through 
May 21, 1978, "Peru's Golden Treasures," the largest collection of Peru- 
vian gold artifacts ever shown in the United States, was on display at the 
Museum. This exhibit attracted more than 313,000 visitors over the 
four-month period and, again, no special admission fee was levied. 

Visitors lined up to view "Treasures of Tutankhamun" in summer, 1977. 

Although high attendance figures are certainly important, the success 
of exhibitions must be measured in long-term gains as well. As a result of 
these outstanding exhibitions, many people were made aware of Field 
Museum for the first time; others returned to renew old ties. Membership, 
participation in Museum activities, and volunteer service all increased. 
This very positive response to the Museum and its many offerings is not 
only immediately rewarding, but provides strength for the future. 

As we look ahead, it is clear that there is much to be done; work to be 
continued, new work to begin. For example, drawing on the richness of 
our collections and the creativity of our staff, we plan the renovation of 
our permanent exhibition halls — some have been substantially un- 
changed for decades. We must devote time and resources to the conserva- 
tion of our irreplaceable anthropology collections. It is unthinkable that 
this world-resource would be allowed to succumb to the ravages of decay. 
The prospects are exciting and stimulating — ^yet, we are seriously con- 
cerned. Ever-spiralling inflation faces Field Museum just as it does every 
family, company, and institution in the nation. If inflation continues at 
its present rate — with no increase. Field Museum will have to double its 
income in less than 10 years to keep pace. How can that be done? Finding 
the answer to that question is our single greatest challenge. New 
methods of support must be found and tested; new configurations of pub- 
lic and private collaboration must be devised. 

Governor Thompson and Museum President-Director Webber at signing of bill granting 
support to Illinois museums. (Riccardo Levi-Setti photo). 

The Commitment to Distinction, begun in 1975 to provide funds for 
operations and necessary capital improvements over a five-year period, 
has continued its initial success and details of the program are given on 
pages 4-5. 

An important step was taken during this biennium when the Illinois 
General Assembly passed a bill, introduced by Representative Michael 
Madigan, appropriating $3,000,000 in support of Illinois museums on 
public lands. Governor Thompson, mindful of the legitimate responsibil- 
ity of the state of partial support of museums that serve all of the people 
of Illinois, yet painfully aware, also, of the financial problems of the state, 
signed the bill into law at the level of $500,000, using his amendatory 
veto power. Field Museum received $95,000 from this appropriation. We 
wish to express appreciation to the General Assembly, Representative 
Madigan, and to Governor Thompson for this precedent-setting action 

which holds promise of a new partnership of local, state, and federal 
funding of major museums. 

The newly formed federal Institute of Museum Services granted Field 
Museum $25,000, joining in a modest way the National Science Founda- 
tion, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the National Endowment 
for the Humanities, which for years have granted generous and pivotal 
support to Field Museum's programs. 

It is these new and old programs of governmental support that, when 
melded with steadily increasing and generous contributions from indi- 
viduals, endowments, corporations, and foundations, lend encouragement 
as we look ahead. We know that our greatest wealth lies in the almost 
1,000 men and women — staff. Trustees, Women's Board members, and 
volunteers — who combine their talent, energy, and mutual confidence 
and respect to further the goals of Field Museum. But, after all, we return 
to the inescapable premise that inflation must be brought under control if 
Field Museum, and, in fact, all private cultural, educational, and social 
service institutions are to survive in their historic forms. 

Planning and Development 

Development Division The Bulletin 
Membership Division Public Relations Division 

Field Museum has structured a series of supportive divisions — separate 
entities yet closely intertwined and interdependent — ^that work to im- 
plement the goals of the Department of Planning and Development. The 
entire concept of this office is dependent upon a triple-faceted thrust: 
development, membership, and public relations. 

The Department of Planning and Development and, specifically, the 
Development Division, seeks corporate, foundation, and individual sup- 
port not only for the present needs of the Museum, but also for the future 
as well. 

The Commitment to Distinction, begxin in late 1976, recorded $1.7 
million in gifts by the close of that year, and this initial success has 
continued. In addition, during this period, the Museum received three- 
year challenge grant awards from both the National Endowment for the 
Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts. These grants total 
$1.5 million. This sum is the largest granted to any museum in the 

country by the two endowments' combined grants — an amount awarded 
to a very limited number of the nation's major museums. 

The Commitment to Distinction program and the challenge grants 
have complemented one another. By the end of 1978, the Museum had 
successfully met the matching requirements for the first and second years 
of the grants, receiving $400,000 from the National Endowment for the 
Arts and $800,000 from the National Endowment for the Humanities. 
Funds from the Commitment to Distinction have already been used to 
close the income gaps for the years 1976-1978. 

In 1978 the Commitment to Distinction was re-evaluated by the Board 
of Trustees, as it will be every two years, and was updated to 1982 with a 
goal of $13.3 million. 

Robert O. Bass, vice chairman and chief operating officer, Borg-Wamer 
Corporation and a Museum Trustee, succeeded Bowen Blair, partner, 
William Blair & Company, as chairman of the Corporate and Foun- 
dations Gift Division of the Commitment to Distinction program. Mr. 
Blair, also a Trustee, and chairman of the Resource Planning and De- 
velopment Committee of the Board, remains as General Chairman of the 
program. During 1978, Mr. Bass recruited a team of 45 volunteer corpor- 
ate executives and this group resumed the efforts of Mr. Blair's 1977 
team, obtaining pledges and gifts to our program from corporations and 

During 1977-1978 contributions to the program and for other Museum 
purposes totalled $2,905,868 from individuals and $2,034,448 from cor- 
porations and foundations for a total of $4,940,316. This remarkable sum 
came from the more than 4,500 individuals who are currently contribut- 
ing to the Museum over and above membership dues and 500 corpora- 
tions and foundations. It is these donors who, together with government 
and the users of the Museum, keep Field Museum the strong and dynamic 
institution that it is. Particularly generous donors during the biennium 

Benefactors: Helen L. Kellogg (bequest), Mr. and Mrs. Ray A. Kroc, 
Ellen Thome Smith (bequest), Harold E. Stuart Trust, Amoco Founda- 
tion, Field Enterprises Charitable Corporation, The Joyce Foundation, 
Robert R. McCormick Charitable Trust, and the Woods Charitable Trust. 

Major Donors: Mr. and Mrs. Walter L. Cherry, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene A. 
Davidson (Sterling Morton Charitable Trust), Mr. and Mrs. Joseph N. 
Field, Mr. and Mrs. John W. Leslie, Mr. and Mrs. William H. Mitchell, 
Mr. and Mrs. John S. Runnells, Commonwealth Edison Company, Conti- 
nental Bank Foundation, The Chicago Community Trust, International 
Harvester, The Walter E. Heller Foundation, The Nalco Foundation, The 

Dr. Scholl Foundation, Sears, Roebuck & Company, The Frederick Henry 
Prince Trust, and Arthur Young & Company. 

Also in 1978, further progress was made in the establishment of a 
Bequests and Deferred Giving Program as an integral part of the Com- 
mitment to Distinction. Documents necessary for such a program were 
developed and these were to be sent to the Board of Trustees in early 1979 
for formal approval and implementation. (See p. 9 for information on 

Field Museum relies on its members not only for their interest, con- 
cern, and enthusiasm, but for their financial support as well. Outstand- 
ing exhibitions during 1977-1978, most notably "The Treasures of 
Tutankhamun" and "Peru's Golden Treasures," attracted many new 
members. Impressively, at the close of 1978 the Museum's membership 
numbered 43,457 as compared to 26,125 at the end of 1976. 

Many special opportunities were given members during the past two 
years, including tours to Egypt and Peru, exhibit previews, dinner lec- 
tures, environmental fieldtrips, and adult evening study courses. 

Further, each member of Field Museum receives as a benefit of mem- 
bership a subscription to the Bulletin, issued 11 times a year. As the 
institution's main line of communication with its members, the magazine 
carries announcements of new and continuing temporary exhibits and 
educational programs such as films, lectures, workshops, field trips, dem- 
onstrations, and educational courses. 

Initiated in 1930 as a four-page publication — ^then csdledField Museum 
News — the Bulletin is now regularly 28 to 36 pages, and its horizons have 
broadened from exclusive concern with Field Museum affairs to the gen- 
eral realm of natural history; the magazine's focus, however, continues to 
be Field Museum expeditions, the Museum's collections, research ac- 
tivities, educational programs, exhibits, the history of the Museum, and 
related matters. 

It is the responsibility of the Public Relations Division to reach out not 
only to the membership, but also to the general public, and to make 
known the goals, functions, and purposes of Field Museum. Three major 
goals of the Museum — an increase in paid admissions, an emphasis on the 
Museum as a scientific institution, and a broadening of the base of mem- 
bership support — are heavily dependent on Public Relations assistance. 

During 1977 this division met the challenge of co-ordinating the many 
publicity aspects of the Museum's presentation of the "Treasures of 
Tutankhamun" exhibition. The division furnished information and ar- 
ranged interviews for media sources in Illinois and several surrounding 
states. This extraordinarily successful exhibition dramatized the 

Women's Board Presidents, past and present (left to right): Mrs. Edward F. Swift (current 
President), Mrs. Joseph E. Rich (1976-1978), Mrs. Thomas E. Donnelly II (1974-1976), Mrs. B. 
Edward Bensinger (1972-1974), and Mrs. Edward Byron Smith (1970-1972). Mrs. Hermon 
Dunlap Smith (1966-1970), founding President, died in 1977. 

Museum's position as a vast cultural resource and made individuals, 
corporate groups, and governmental agencies more keenly aware of its 
significant values. 

Women's Board 

In the 12 years since its founding, the Women's Board has steadily 
grown as an organization that has become central to the well-being and 
strength of Field Museum. Board members have traditionally been in- 
volved in a variety of Museum activities. At the close of 1978, three Board 
members were serving on the Board of Trustees, eight on Board commit- 
tees, and many more as valued volunteers. 

Mrs. Joseph E. Rich, a devoted and innovative president, completed her 
term of office at the 1978 annual meeting and was succeeded by Mrs. 
Edward F. Swift, who ably leads the Board in its many activities. 

With the death of the Women's Board founder and first president, Mrs. 
Hermon Dunlap Smith, on March 16, 1977, Field Museum lost one of its 
warmest friends and most dedicated supporters. Her memory will con- 
tinue for many years to come through the activities of the Women's 
Board, which she inspired. 

The Board sponsored memorable special events in the past two years. 
The gala event for 1977 was a tremendously successful dinner held on 

April 12 to preview the opening of the "Treasures of Tutankhamun" 
exhibition. This event was planned and executed in conjunction with the 
Women's Board of the University of Chicago. On February 14, 1978, a 
special dinner preview in honor of "Peru's Golden Treasures" was spon- 
sored by the Board. 

In October, 1978, Women's Board Secretary Alexandra Mente resigned; 
she was succeeded by Susan VandenBosch. 

Board of Trustees 

At the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees on January 16, 1978, 
William G. Swartchild, Jr., retired, Swartchild & Company, was elected 
Chairman of the Board, succeeding Blaine J. Yarrington, executive vice 
president. Standard Oil Company (Indiana), Chairman since 1974. 

The various Board committees employ an alternating schedule of two- 
year chairmanships. Vice-chairmen named in 1977 to head Board com- 
mittees were James J. O'Connor, Public Affairs Committee, and John S. 
Runnells, Program Planning and Evaluation Committee. At that time 
also, Mrs. Theodore D. Teiken was elected Secretary to the Board. In 
1978, the following Trustees were named chairmen of committees: Bowen 
Blair, Resource Planning and Development; James H. Ransom, Internal 
Affairs; John W. Sullivan, Facilities Planning. 

The following were elected to the Board during 1977-1978: Mrs. T. 
Stanton Armour; Robert O. Bass, vice chairman and chief operating offi- 
cer, Borg Warner Corporation; and Edward R. Telling, chairman. Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. On her election as President of the Women's Board, Mrs. 
Edward F. Swift replaced Mrs. Joseph E. Rich as a Trustee for a term 
concurrent with her term as President of the Women's Board. 

Donald Richards, president. The Richards Foundation, and Remick 
McDowell, former chairman. Peoples Gas Co., were elected Life Trustees 
in 1977. 

John G. Searle, who was elected to the Board in 1951 and who became a 
Life Trustee in 1971, died in 1977. One of the Museum's most generous 
donors, Mr. Searle displayed a strong interest in and support of the in- 
stitution's research program. In appreciation of both his interest and 
contributions, the Museum's collection of preserved plants was named the 
John G. Searle Herbarium in 1972. 

The Museum has also marked with sorrow the deaths of Life Trustees 
Hughston McBain, J. Roscoe Miller, and Louis Ware. 


Contributions and Bequests 

As an integral part of the Commitment to Distinction program, the 
Trustees have established a committee on bequests and deferred giving. 
It is planned to have a Bequests and Deferred Giving Program formally 
launched in early-1979. The major goal of the program, administered by 
the Department of Plginning and Development, will be the grov^h of the 
Museum's Endowment Fund. 

As late as 1950, income from the Museum's Endowment Fund sup- 
ported almost 80 per cent of the annual budget; by the late-1970's that 
same Endowment Fund income sustained only 20 per cent of the budget. 
For some time we have depended upon gifts from the private sector to 
bridge the gap between known non-contributed income and budgetary 
needs, and for an indefinite time to come we will find it necessary to seek 
annual gifts for this purpose. 

Over the long term, however, the Museum will not be able to sustain its 
vast research and educational programs with annual gifts alone. The 
needed support must be achieved in part by increasing the Museum en- 
dowment. While the Board of Trustees will continue to seek major gifts 
and annual, on-going gifts for the near-term, the very survival of the 
institution will depend upon endowment that will grow over the years. 
Such an endowment is built primarily through bequests and other forms 
of deferred gifts. 

The aim of a Bequests and Deferred Giving Program is to continue the 
tradition begun by Marshall Field I in 1906. It was through Mr. Field's 
generosity that the Museum was founded in 1893. Then, following his 
death in 1906, a generous bequest from him not only helped to construct 
the Museum's present building but also initiated the Endowment Fund. 
It was, in fact, this endowment, augmented by other gifts and bequests of 
the Field family and of other prominent Chicagoans, that largely sus- 
tained the Museum's annual operating budget from 1906 through the 
1940's. Of course, no one at the opening of the century could have foreseen 
the ravaging inflation of the 1960's and 1970's that would erode the 
purchasing power of those endowment dollars. 

Field Museum has been fortunate that in recent years Museum mem- 
bers and fi:'iends have continued in the spirit of those original benefactors 
and have provided further support for the Museum by augmenting the 
Endowment Fund through their bequests. A person making a bequest to 
the Museum makes his gift as perpetual as natural history itself. 

To obtain further information on the needs of Field Museum, or for an 
appointment, those interested in remembering the Museum in their wills 

or through other forms of deferred gifts, should contact the Planning and 
Development Officer: 

Thomas R. Sanders 

PlEinning and Development 

Field Museum of Natural History 

East Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive 

Chicago, IL 60605 

or telephone (312) 922-9410, extension 207. 

The Programs 

Scientific Programs 

Anthropology Botany Geology Zoology 

Research and Publication 

The trend, first reported in our 1975-1976 Report, toward smaller and 
more precisely focused field studies has continued. As prairies, plains, 
and forests yield to the pressures of man's development, the opportunities 
for field studies steadily decrease. Fortunately, Field Museum was able to 
increase the number of field trips conducted in the past two years. Much 
work needs to be done before the opportunity to know ourselves, our work 
and our past is forever lost. 

The Western Australian Field Program, begun in 1976 in co-operation 
with the Western Australian Museum, Perth, extended through 1977 
and 1978. The purpose of this ambitious expedition was the investigation 
of the biology of both the Kimberly region in northwest AustrgJia and the 
southern coastal areas of that continent. Not even the most basic collect- 
ing surveys had been made in this area before. Several staff members 
were involved in this project over the four-year period and results have 
been impressive. 

In 1977, entomologist John Kethley completed his collecting in West- 
ern Australia and Tasmania. In addition to general insect collections, 
Kethley made 300 Berlese samples of leaf litter and gathered approxi- 
mately 300,000 insect specimens. Under the direction of Laurel Keller, 
an assistant in the Division of Mammals, 1,200 mammal specimens were 
obtained. Malacologist Alan Solem collected 1,775 sets of snails — 
approximately 50,000 individual specimens, some two-thirds of which are 
new to science. 


John Engel, a specialist in the study of liverworts, spent four months 
collecting in Tasmania. Liverworts are an ancient group of plants related 
to mosses; they are small, survive well in crevices, and generally disperse 
only over short distances. For these reasons, liverworts may represent 
ancient patterns of distribution and those from the southern end of the 
world may have geographic patterns that reflect climates and relation- 
ships of long ago. But geographic inference depends on good taxonomy; 
the same species cannot have different names in different places. As part 
of such taxonomic work, Engel plans to write a manual on the liverworts 
of Tasmania, something never done before. To this end, he spent four 
months collecting in Tasmania, where he surveyed many habitats and 

All of the Museum's staff involved in the Western Australia Expedition 
have returned to the Museum and another cycle of research has begun. 
Several important studies based on material gathered in the field are in 
preparation and others are in press. The impact of this extraordinary 
venture will continue to develop as time passes. 

The success of this expedition was due in large part to the co-operation 
of colleagues and institutions in Australia, the leadership and gifts of Mr. 
and Mrs. William S. Street, and grants from the National Science Foun- 
dation, the National Geographic Society, and the Museum's general 

An authority on the cultures of Peru, archaeologist Michael Moseley 
continued his studies in that country. He is concentrating on understand- 
ing and isolating the environmental factors underlying agrarian collapse. 
These factors include tectonic uplift of the coastlands, formation of mas- 
sive, migrating sand dunes that inundate agriculture areas, and, rare, 
but apparently recurrent catastrophic floods capable of destroying entire 
irrigation systems. In conjunction with the Tiwanaku Archaeological 
Foundation, a program of subsurface geophysical exploration using 
equipment donated by Soiltest, Inc. was initiated at Bolivia's major ar- 
chaeological monument. The exploration isolated several "hot spots" that 
should, following excavation, prove to be locations of megalithic monu- 

During the antarctic summer in early 1977, an expedition financed by 
the National Science Foundation and consisting of Field Museum's 
mineralogist Edward Olsen, William Cassidy of the University of 
Pittsburgh, and Keiso Yanai of the National Institute of Polar Research 
in Tokyo recovered a group of 10 meteorites from the Antarctic Range in 
a region called Victorialand. Normally, meteorites are quite rare and 
widely dispersed over the world. In warm, humid climates, they weather 
and oxidize away in relatively short periods of time. In Antarctica, how- 


Curator Edward Olsen on expedition in Antarctica. 

ever, where it is intensely cold and dry, meteorites remain well pre- 
served. In addition, movements of ice on the 5V2-million-square-mile ice 
cap tend to concentrate the meteorites. Among the meteorites recovered 
is one weighing 407,000 grams, almost one-half ton. This is the largest 
meteorite ever found in Antarctica and is one of the six largest stone 
meteorites recovered anywhere in the world. 

All in all, 35 staff members from the scientific departments conducted 
fieldwork in 1977-1978. They went to locations in the United States, to 
Mexico, Costa Rica, Belize, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, 
Argentina, Antarctica, England, Australia, New Zealand, the Philip- 
pines, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Kenya, and the 
Southern Sudan. 

Publication is the end result of most scientific research and field work. 
In 1977 two especially noteworthy books by Museum curators were pub- 
lished: Manual of Neotropical Birds, Volume 1 by Emmet R. Blake (723 
pages) and Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini) Volume 1 by Phillip 
Hershkovitz (1,117 pages). Both volumes were published by the Univer- 
sity of Chicago Press. These works, each of which have received laudatory 
reviews, are the culmination of years of meticulous preparation. 

Forty-five titles, amounting to a total of 2,650 pages, were published in 
Fieldiana, the Museum's four scientific series in 1977-1978. Including 


Museum assistant Daniel Summers at work in the Division of Insects collection storage 
area. (Fleur Hales photo). 

those appearing in Fieldiana, Museum staff published 153 scientific pa- 
pers and books in this period. The unusual diversity of these publications 
can be ascertained from the list beginning on page 25. 

Study Collections 

Field Museum's collections of over 13.5 million specimens comprise a 
vast resource for not only Museum staff members, but for students and 
researchers around the world. In 1977-1978 the scientific departments 
made loans of more than 125,000 specimens to scientists and students for 
research and to other museums for exhibition. Additionally, more than 
2,500 researchers and university students visited the Museum to consult 
with our staff or to examine specimens. 

Although the size of its collections is one of the major strengths of Field 
Museum and has done much to enhance its stature worldwide, we do not 
acquire new material simply for the sake of growth. Several years ago the 
staff and trustees developed an accession policy which, among other 
things, sets priorities for the acquisition of new materials in terms of our 
traditional and current areas of interest. This policy has been described 
by one writer as ". . . more complete, more specific and more detailed than 
any we have seen ... a polished, detailed and sophisticated document, 
very evidently compiled by a group of responsible persons after a lengthy 
and serious study of very complex problems involving the museum and its 
relations with the world." 


The acquisition of collections is one of the major responsibilities of a 
museum; the preservation of those collections for generations yet to come 
is another. As a means of fulfilling this trust and, simultaneously, provid- 
ing for expansion space which will be required even for the limited collec- 
tion increase that will result from the new accession policy, significant 
new storage areas and much-needed laboratory and office spaces were 
added in the departments of anthropology, botany, and zoology. This was 
another facet of the building renovation program. 

A series of massive and complicated moves were necessary in order to 
take full advantage of the new space as well as the old. These moves have 
been completed with scarcely an interruption in the services that we 
provide to the scientific community. 

The Department of Anthropology has what we believe to be one of the 
finest specialized study storage facilities in the museum world. The four- 
level, climatically controlled area houses about 300,000 specimens or 75 
per cent of the department's collections. 

In conjunction with this central storage facility, an Anthropology In- 
formation Management System is being developed. Assisted by grants 
from the National Endowment for the Arts £ind an equipment gift from 
the Digital Equipment Corporation, this computerized system will assist 
in the management of the collection, including maintaining the inven- 
tory and recording the location of all objects within the facility. 

In the Department of Zoology, the new Ellen Thorne Smith Bird and 
Mammal Study Center now provides a modern, secure, and functional 
facility for the housing of one of the world's great collections, as well as 
work and study space for staff, visiting scientists, and students. The 
center was made possible by a generous gift in honor of Mrs. Smith by her 
husband, Hermon Dunlap Smith. 

The reorganization of the bird and mammal collections was, as might 
be expected, a massive task. For example, in the Division of Mammals, 
old cases and 724 new cases were mounted on compact storage carriers 
allowing for much more dense storage than was possible previously. Over 
120,000 specimens were moved into the new collection units. 

Also in the Department of Zoology, the space of the Division of Insects 
was almost doubled and most offices and collections were relocated for 
greater efficiency as a result of the renovation. Further, the Division of 
Fishes was enlarged by one-third through the addition of new shelving. 
During the expansion process, each one of the 90,000 jars containing the 
fish collection was washed and checked for proper storage maintenance. 

In the past, the Department of Botany had only one collection range. 
After razing all of the walls in one corridor and moving the Division of 


Photography to new quarters, a second large collection range was 
created. Offices, laboratories, and library space also were relocated. 

The Biological Research Resources Program of the National Science 
Foundation, under a program initiated in 1972, continued to provide 
significant and critical support for several of our research collections. 
These funds, used for personnel, supplies, and equipment, have made it 
possible for us to continue to serve the needs of the research community 

Entirely new quarters were provided the Division of Photography, 
aided by generous gifts from Mrs. David W. Stewart of Rochester, N. Y. in 
memory of her aunt, Hedwig H. Mueller. 

Even as new space was being allocated, collection growth went on — as 
it must. Collections of breadth and high quality are essential to a great 
museum for both scholarly and exhibition purposes. Therefore, the selec- 
tive building of our collections continues to be a priority of the Museum. 
Although all departmental collections grew during this biennium, a 
number of particularly noteworthy gifts have been made recently to the 
Department of Anthropology. 

A collection of more than 100 Japanese lacquer objects, boxes, inro, and 
miniature shrines, collected with great care and discrimination by John 
Woodworth Leslie over a period of decades, was presented by Mr. Leslie. 
Many of these pieces of extraordinary quality will be exhibited in 1979. 

Mr. and Mrs. Theodore VanZelst continued to make generous gifts, 
including a collection of American Indian trade silver and three fine 
groups of Alaskan, Pacific Northwest, and Canadian Arctic ethnological 

Mr. and Mrs. John Mayo Mitchell presented a fine collection of Ameri- 
can Indian trade silver that complements nicely both the Museum's orig- 
inal collection and the collection given by Mr. and Mrs. VanZelst. 

Mrs. Helen L. Kellogg, who died in 1978, bequeathed a pair of fine 
T'ang pottery horses, as well as a generous sum of money, to the Museum. 

An outstanding collection of Japanese art, especially strong in ceramics 
and book illustrations, was given to the Museum by G. E. Boone in 1978. 
This collection will provide the nucleus for a systematic and comprehen- 
sive collection of Japanese arts and crafts. 

All of these gifts came from private individuals. It is believed that Field 
Museum's evident concern and care for its vast collections and the con- 
tinuing efforts to maintain their high quality offer assurance to these 
collectors that their collections will be treated with equal respect. 



Inro from collection of 

lacquerware given to Museum 

by Mr. John Woodworth Leslie. 

Scientific Staff Changes 

Loren P. Woods, Curator and Head, Division of Fishes, retired in 1978 
after nearly 40 years on the Museum's staff. 

New additions to the curatorial staff during this period are: 

Sue Carole De VaZe, Ethno-Musicologist, Gamelan Project. Dr. De Vale's 
work will center on the many musical instruments in the anthropological 

Michael Dillon, Visiting Assistant Curator, Botany. Dr. Dillon works 
on the plants of Peru and Veracruz, Mexico and has a special interest in 
the family Compositae. 

John W. Fitzpatrick, Assistant Curator, Birds and Head, Division of 
Birds. His research centers on the bird family Tyrannidae. 

Patricia W. Freeman, Assistant Curator, Mammals and Head, Division 
of Mammals. Dr. Freeman's interests are in mammalian evolution, sys- 
tematics, and functional morphology. 



Larry G. Marshall, Visiting Assistant Curator, Geology. Fossil mam- 
mals and their evolution on small islands, and the geochronology of Ter- 
tiary deposits are Dr. Marshall's special areas of study. 

Timothy C. Plowman, Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants. Dr. Plow- 
man is a specialist in the family Erythroxylaceae and in useful and 
medicinal plants of the upper Amazonian Basin. 

David M. Raup, Curator and Chairman, Department of Geology. Dr. 
Raup's research interests include mathematical models of evolution, the 
geologic history of biologic diversity, and the evolution of the Jurassic 
ammonite genus Kosmoceras. 

At the end of 1977, Robert F. Inger, Assistant Director, Science and 
Education, chose to resign his administrative post to further pursue his 
scientific work as Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles. As the first incum- 
bent in this position, he helped to shape the Museum's research and 
public programs to meet the challenges of future years. He was succeeded 
by Lorin I. Nevling, Jr., former Curator and Chairman, Department of 

Education Programs 

The Department of Education has been in a period of growth and tran- 
sition for the past several years. During 1977 the structure and pro- 
grammatic workings of the department were realigned to better serve the 
public, regardless of age. Two divisions. Group Programs and Public Pro- 
grams, now plan, design, and implement specialized offerings. 

The Group Programs division incorporates school-curriculum-oriented 
tours, workshops, and loan materials to the Chicago metropolitan com- 
munity and beyond. School groups receive instruction in the Museum 
setting that is a unique experience £ind supplements the school studies. A 
vast array of teaching materials is available for both pre- and post-visit 
use through the N. W. Harris Extension. Although school enrollment is 
declining and this decline is reflected in Museum attendance by school 
groups, program services to schools increased 12 per cent in 1978. During 
1977-1978, 465,388 students and teachers in 9,570 groups came to Field 
Museum for programs and to use exhibits. 

New loan materials, called "Discovery Units" and designed for integra- 
tion into school curricula and classroom use, were produced by Harris 
Extension. These units include "Experience Boxes" which contain rep- 
licas or real artifacts and specimens for students to handle, slide packets, 
teacher guides, and suggestions for classroom activities. New topics focus 


Javanese dancers perform Topeng Babakan, a village mask dance, accompanied by 
Museum's gamelan. 

on prehistoric life, pottery, birds, woodland Indians, Africa, Illinois 
prairies, and Chicago geology. Thirteen distribution centers in the 
Chicago metropolitan area distribute "Discovery Units" in conjunction 
with material delivered to 385 Chicago schools on a regular rotation 

The Public Programs division develops and presents a variety of offer- 
ings geared to families and individuals who seek more information re- 
lated to Museum exhibits and collections. Highlights of the past two 
years include the distinguished lecture series on Tutankhamun and 
another on "Peru's Golden Treasures"; the Anthropology Film Festival; 
the Noh, Inuk and the Sun dramas; lectures by Gerald Durrell and 
Richard Leakey; and the consistently popular Ayer lectures. 


Our programs have increased in popularity as the Museum's member- 
ship has grown. For example, the number of Ray A. Kroc Environmental 
Field Trips nearly doubled from 47 in 1977 to 85 in 1978, with 4,442 
adults and families participating in two years. These one-day trips were 
led by one or more specialists in the biology, geology, or ecology of such 
locales as the Indiana Dunes, Volo Bog, Moraine Hills State Park, Illinois 
State Park, and the Ryerson Conservation Area. Courses for adults also 
increased and 73 courses were held during 1977-1978, with total enroll- 
ment of 2, 161. 

A new dimension in programming began with the completed restora- 
tion of the Museum's Sudanese (West Javanese) gamelan. This gamelan, 
an ensemble of 24 musical instruments consisting of bronze and wood 
sounding parts supported by sculptured frames, appears to be about 130 
years old, and is one of the great ensembles of non-Western musical 
instruments in existence. Unplayed since 1893 at the World's Columbian 
Exposition, the gamelan was restored by a team of conservation volun- 
teers who worked under the direction of Louis Pomerantz, art conser- 
vator; Ernst Heins, ethno-musicologist and gamelan expert; and Museum 
program director Sue Carole DeVale, Grants from the National Endow- 
ment for the Arts and from the Walter E. Heller Foundation supported 
the restoration project. 

The gamelan was enjoyed in concert January 14, 1978. This concert 
was the beginning of a series of events based on ethno-musicology, includ- 
ing Javanese shadow plays, gamelan courses, an international festival of 
music and dance, and children's music workshops. 

The innovative participatory exhibit "Place for Wonder," which opened 
at the close of 1976, has been a great success and since its opening 
146,642 people have taken advantage of the privilege of "hands on" 
examination of the artifacts and specimens presented there. 

The "Pawnee Earth Lodge," another participatory exhibit, opened Oc- 
tober 15, 1977. Members of the Pawnee (Oklahoma) tribe served as con- 
sultants during the design and construction of the dwelling, made objects 
for it, and participated in taping four programs of seasonal Pawnee ac- 
tivities and ceremonies. Visitors are invited to sit on buffalo skin robes, to 
hear about daily life and legends, and to examine artifacts representative 
of Pawnee activities. The lodge has hosted 39,144 visitors for special 
programs since it opened. 

Both the "Place for Wonder" and the "Pawnee Earth Lodge" are 
manned exclusively by volunteers. The volunteer program, which is ad- 
ministered by the Public Programs division, has expanded and continues 


Volunteer Judith Spicehandler 

at work on gamelan restoration project. 

(Louis Pomerantz photo). 

to be a source of major support to Museum staff and programs. At the 
close of 1978, the Museum was benefitting from the services of 280 volun- 
teers. During 1977-1978 volunteers contributed 116,140 hours— the 
equivalent of 66 man years. In 1978, 13 individuals each gave more than 
500 hours of volunteer service. 

Volunteer work was performed in all four scientific departments, as 
well as in photography, education, exhibition, the library, membership, 
public relations, and publications. During the Tutankhamun exhibition, 
350 trained volunteers gave a stunning total of 23,854 hours to that 
project alone. Many of those who were recruited for this exhibition stayed 
on to work in the scientific, exhibition, and education departments; 150 
Tut volunteers returned to contribute 5,764 hours of assistance to "Peru's 
Golden Treasures." 

Further, 26 weekend volunteers share their specially developed tours, 
participatory activities, and workshops with Museum visitors of all ages 
throughout the year. Based on permanent and temporary exhibits, 694 
programs were presented by volunteers to 21,659 weekend visitors in this 
two-ye£ir period. Most of the weekend volunteers are employed during the 
week; their weekend volunteer service is evidence of a special and much 
appreciated commitment. 


All of the activities discussed here are organized and administered in 
new facilities. Prior to the Museum's renovation, the offices of the De- 
partment of Education were located in several distant parts of the build- 
ing, making co-operative efforts and co-ordination a difficult matter. The 
renovation permitted the department to be located entirely on the ground 
floor with extensive and pleasant new offices, work areas, and conference 
rooms. The A. Montgomery Ward Lecture Hall was extensively and ele- 
gantly refurbished. Three new and flexible lecture rooms were con- 
structed and a new teaching laboratory was added. Altogether, the educa- 
tional facilities now available at the Museum may be unrivalled by any 
similar institution. 

In October, 1978, Carolyn P. Blackmon succeeded Alice P. Carnes as 
Chairman, Department of Education. Her previous positions on the de- 
partment staff included: Acting Co-ordinator, Harris Extension, Volun- 
teers; Co-ordinator, Special Educational Services; and Head, Public Pro- 


This has been a particularly busy and productive biennium for the 
Library. As a result of the building renovation program, new or expanded 
facilities were provided for each of the departmental and divisional li- 
braries, resulting in shelf space for at least 15 to 20 years' expansion. 
Each of the 200,000 volumes in the collection had to be moved, some more 
than once. At the end of 1978, only the Botany library remained to be 
moved and reorganized. 

In March, 1978, the Library joined OCLC, an on-line cataloging system 
and union catalog that includes over 700 libraries throughout the nation. 
Use of the system has significantly reduced the time required for catalog- 
ing books and preparation of cards for the Library's catalogs and has 
increased productivity. 

The sharp rise in the cost of books and periodicals due to inflation and 
the decline in the purchasing power of the dollar with respect to other 
currencies continues to be the Library's chief problem. This is a particu- 
larly thorny problem as much of the Library's buying is done overseas. 
The cost of subscriptions to on-going periodicals accounts for an ever- 
greater share of the book and periodical budget every year. The number 
of books purchased in this biennium was, nevertheless, increased by a 
significant 30 per cent. This increase was largely due to gifts made to the 
Museum for this purpose by Mr. and Mrs. Walter Cherry in memory of 
their son, Samuel M. (Cherry Library Fund); Mrs. Chester D. Tripp (Jane 


B. Tripp Library Fund); and Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Wagner (Louis A. and 
Frances B. Wagner Library Fund). 

Exhibition Program 

The sharing of exhibits with the worldwide museum community 
brought particularly outstanding materials to Field Museum in 1977- 
1978. The major exhibition event of the period was the 1977 presentation 
of the resoundingly successful "Treasures of Tutankhamun'.' With the aid 
of grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Exxon Cor- 
poration, and the Robert Wood Johnson, Jr. Charitable Trust, the Met- 
ropolitan Museum of Art in co-operation with the Organization of An- 
tiquities of the Arab Republic of Egypt arranged this loan exhibition. 

The unique installation at Field Museum suggested an actual tomb 
with a dramatic entranceway and artifacts displayed in eight adjoining 
chambers. As visitors waited to enter the "tomb," they followed special, 
innovative admission procedures designed to handle the huge crowds 
most effectively. Each visitor received a numbered ticket; television 
monitors located throughout the public areas of the Museum relayed 
waiting times and ticket numbers currently being admitted to the exhibi- 
tion. Ticket in hand, visitors, therefore, did not have to wait in line, but 
were free to tour the Museum as they waited for their numbers to be 
flashed on the monitors' screens. 

From February 15 through May 21, 1978, "Peru's Golden Treasures" 
was on display at the Museum. Like the Egjrptian exhibition, this too was 
the result of a co-operative effort between funding agencies, museums, 
£ind government. "Peru's Golden Treasures" came to the United States 
under the auspices of the National Institute of Culture of the Peruvian 
government. It was organized by the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory and was supported by a federal indemnity from the Federal Council 
on the Arts and Humanities, United States. 

Field Museum's installation of this exhibition combined pieces from the 
Museum's collection with those from the Museo Oro del Peru to establish 
a context for understanding the five major periods in Peru's prehistory. A 
75-page catalog with 32 color plates was published by the Museum to 
complement the exhibition. 

Still other temporary exhibits loaned to the Museum included: "Yoruk: 
Nomadic Weaving," "Imperial China: Photography: 1846-1912," 
"Chinese Folk Art," "Locks of Iran," "Indian Metalwork," and "Rails of 
the World." 


"Peru's Golden Treasures" exhibition. 

Several intriguing temporary exhibits originating in the Museum and 
surveying special subjects were featured in the past two years, including: 
"Cash, Canon and Cowrie Shells: Non-modern Money of the World," 
"Basketry of Northwest Coast Indians," and two exhibits celebrating the 
publication of books by Curators Emeritus Blake and Hershkovitz. 

The renovation of the Museum's four halls dealing with the cultures of 
North American Indians, described in the last report and funded by the 
National Endowment for the Arts, was completed during this biennium. 
This renovation included the interpretive depiction of a contemporary 
Iroquois kitchen and a reproduction of a Pawnee earth lodge. A replica 
of a nineteenth-century Pawnee Indian dwelling, the lodge is 38 feet in 
diameter and 18 feet high at the central fire hole. The research, design, 
and construction of the lodge was supported by a combined grant from the 
National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the 
Humanities. Halls 19, 28, and J were also renovated during this period 
and the popular temporary exhibit "Male and Female: Anthropology 
Game," was adapted to create the permanent exhibit "The Natural His- 
tory Game." 


Late in 1978, Lawrence G. Klein resigned his position as Chairman of 
the department; he was succeeded by Ed Bedno. 

Building Modernization and 

Even as special exhibits and pub he programs drew record crowds, the 
Museum's on-going $26-minion renovation and improvement program 
continued with many improvements being made in both public and non- 
public areas. The Museum's new 'Tront door" — a floor-to-ceiling window 
wall enclosing a spacious reception area — was completed in time to greet 
the crowds queueing up for the "Treasures of Tutankhamun" exhibit in 
mid-April. Also in the north entrance area, a newly installed elevator 
travels from the ground floor to the fourth floor in a glass-fronted shaft. 
This elevator serves staff and visitors to the non-public areas and is 
another facet of our effort to provide convenient access for the handi- 
capped to all parts of the Museum. As a result of the renovation, the 
Museum has a ground-level entrance, as well as washrooms, telephones, 
and drinking fountains designed to accommodate those in wheelchairs. 

Moving the Book Shop to space that previously housed executive offices 
and incorporating checking facilities in the north entrance reception 
area revealed the grand sweep of stairs on each side of Stanley Field 
Hall. These changes both effected a return to the integrity of the ar- 
chitect's original design and afforded greater ease and safety in crowd 

At the south end of the building a modern food service facility was 
completed on the ground floor. A well-planned food preparation center 
serves diners who may be seated in the large, carpeted cafeteria dining 
room or in one of five private dining areas. 

A portion of the enormous and complex heating, ventilating, air- 
conditioning system went into use in April of 1977 and the total system 
was being tuned for final acceptance by the Museum at the close of 1978. 
Temperature and humidity control are important considerations not only 
for human comfort, but for the protection of many specimens in the 
Museum's collections. For example, the Department of Anthropology 
lightwell referred to in the last report now houses central storage in a 
four-level temperature and humidity controlled environment. This 
specialized storage area, which is one of the finest of its kind in the world, 
is protected by smoke detectors, rate-of-rise heat indicators, and a sprin- 
kler system, as well as a computerized security system. 


A central, computer-controlled security system that, among other 
things, monitors the Museum's doors, fire indicators, and certain 
mechanical systems, has been installed in the Division of Security and 
Visitor Services. This department, as well as virtually all administrative 
offices, are now located in a new office complex under the north portico. 

Approximately 90 per cent of the total modernization program has now 
been completed. The remaining projects, such as further renovation of 
exhibit halls and landscaping, have been deliberately deferred so that all 
of our efforts could be directed toward the conclusion of the major interior 
work which has taxed all Museum personnel for nearly five years. 

Scientific Publications 

Following is a complete list of the scientific publications by Museum 
staff members and a full list ofFieldiana, the Museum's scientific series, 
for the past two years. Exhibit catalogues are also included here. 


Bronson, Bennet 

1977. Introduction, pp. ii-ix. In: Baker, M. and M. Lunt, Blue and White, The Cotton 

Embroideries of Rural China. Scribner's, New York. 
1977. The Migrations of the Southeast Asian Peoples: Archaeological Views of Historic 

and Linguistic Hypotheses. Kabar Seberang, vol. 1, pp. 1-12. James Cook University, 


1977. Exchange at the Upstream and Downstream Ends: Notes toward a Functional 
Model of the Ancient Southeast Asian Coastal State, pp. 39-52. /n.- Hutterer, K. L., ed., 
Trade in Early Southeast Asian Coastal Asia. Michigan Studies in South and Southeast 

1977. The Earliest Farming, Demography as Cause and Consequence, pp. 23-48. In: Reed, 
C. E., ed.. The Earliest Agriculture. Mouton, The Hague. 

1978. Angkor, Anuradhapura, Prambanan, Tikal: Maya Subsistence in an Asian Perspec- 
tive, pp. 255-301. In: Harrison, P. D., and B. L. Turner II, eds., Pre-Hispanic Maya 
Agriculture. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 

1978. (with J. Wisseman) Palembang as Srivijaya: The Lateness of Early Cities in South- 
ern Southeast Asia. Asian Perspectives , vol. 19(2), pp. 220-239. 

Feldman, Robert A. 

1978. Technology of Peruvian Metallurgy, chapter 10, pp. 69-73. In: Moseley, M. E., 
Peru's Golden Treasures: An Essay on Five Ancient Styles. Field Museum of Natural 
History, Chicago. 

Moseley, Michael E. 

1977. (with R. Feldman) Beginnings of Civilization along the Peruvian Coast, pp. 271- 
277. In: Walker, H. J., ed., Geoscience and Man, Louisiana State University. 


1978. Pre-Agricultural Coastal Civilizations in Peru. Oxford Biology Readers, Carolina 

Biological Supply Co., Burlington, N. C. 16 pp. 
1978. The Evolution of Andean Civilization, pp. 491-543. In: Jennings, J. D., ed., Ancient 

Native Americans. W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco. 
1978. An Empirical Approach to Prehistoric Agrarian Collapses: The Case of the Moche 

Valley, Peru, pp. 9-44. In: Gonzales, N. L., ed., Social and Technological Management in 

Dry Lands. AAAS Selected Symposium 10, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 

1978. Soiltest, Archaeology, and Irrigation Agriculture, vol. 27, pp. 14-16. In: The Testing 

World. Soiltest, Inc., Evanston, Illinois. 
1978. Peru's Golden Treasures: An Essay on Five Ancient Styles. Field Museum of Natural 

History, Chicago. 68 pp. 

Rabineau, Phyllis 

1977. Native Americans of the Northwest. PSA Journal, vol. 43, pp. 24-27. 

Terrell, John E. 

1977. Biology, Biogeography and Man. World Archaeology, vol. 8 (3), pp. 237-248. 

1977. Human Biogeography in the Solomon Islands. Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 6 (1), 
pp. 1-47. 

1977. Human Biogeography. World Archaeology , vol. 8 (3). Issue edited and compiled from 

original essays by John Terrell, Marilyn Miller, and Derek Roe. 
1977. Sociobiology. Science Digest, vol. 83 (3), pp. 58-61. 

1977. Geographic Systems and Human Diversity in the North Solomons. World Archaeol- 
ogy, vol. 9 (1), pp. 62-81. 

1978. (with J. T. Clark) Archaeology in Oceania. Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 7, 
pp. 293-319. 

1978. Archaeology and the Origins of Social Stratification in Southern Bougainville, pp. 
23-43. In: Garanger, J., ed.. Rank and Status in Polynesia and Melanesia: Essays in 
honor of Professor Douglas Oliver. Publications de la Societe Oceanistes No. 39, Musee 
de I'Homme, Paris. 

VanStone, James W. 

1977. Processes of Ingalik Culture Change: 1835-1935, pp. 145-153. In: Prehistory of the 
North American Sub-Arctic: The Athapaskan Question. Proceedings of the Ninth An- 
nual Conference, The Archaeological Association of the University of Calgary. 

1977. (with D. H. Kraus) A. F. Kashevarov's Coastal Explorations in Northwest Alaska. 
Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 69, 104 pp. 

1978. Discussion. In: Contextual Studies of Material Culture. National Museum of Man, 
Canadian Ethnology Service, paper no. 43, pp. 44-48. Ottawa. 

1978. E. W. Nelson's Notes on the Indians of the Yukon and Innoko Rivers, Alaska. 

Fieldiana: Anthropology , vol. 70, 80 pp. 
1976. (1978). The Yukon River Ingalik: Subsistence, the Fur Trade, and a Changing 

Resource Base. Ethnohistory , vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 199-212. Dated 1976, actually published 


Weber, Ronald 

1978. A Seriation of the Late Prehistoric Santa Maria Culture of Northwestern Argen- 
tina. Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 49-98. 



Burger, William C. 

1977. Flora Costaricensis. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 40, 291 pp. 

1978. The Piperales and the Monocots — Alternate Hypotheses for the Origin of 
Monocotyledonous Flowers. Botanical Review, vol. 43 (3), pp. 345-393. 

Dillon, Michael O. 

1977. (with T. J. Mabry) Flavonoid Aglycones from Flourensia (Asteraceae-Heliantheae). 
Phytochemistry , vol. 16, pp. 1,318-1,319. 

1978. (with W. G. D'Arcy) New or Noteworthy Asteraceae from Panama. Annals of the 
Missouri Botanical Garden, vol. 65 (2), pp. 766-768. 

Engel, John J. 

1977. (with R. M. Schuster) Austral Hepaticae, V. The Schistochilaceae of South America. 
Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory, vol. 42, pp. 273-423. 

1977. Austral Hepaticae, IX. Anastrophyllum tristanianum, a New Species from Tristan 
da Cunha. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 38, pp. 71-74. 

1978. Index Hepaticarum Supplementum: 1974-1975. Taxon, vol. 27, pp. 393-418. 

1978. A Taxonomic and Phytogeographic Study of Brunswick Peninsula (Strait of Magel- 
lan) Hepaticae and Anthocerotae. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 41, 319 pp. 

Faden, Robert B. 

1977. The identity oiCommelina japonica Thunb. (Commelinaceae). Taxon, vol. 26 (1), pp. 

1977. A New Species oiTrichomanes from Eastern Africa. American Fern Journal, vol. 67 
(1), pp. 5-10. 

1911 . Aneilema ochraceum and A. croceum (CovcixneMnaceae). Kew Bulletin, vol. 32 (1), p. 

1977. The Date of Publication of Bruckner's "Beitrage zur Anatomie, Morphologie und 
Systematik der Commelinaceae." Taxon, vol. 26 (5/6), p. 601. 

1977. The Genus Rhopalephora Hassk. (Commelinaceae). P/i3'to/Oj^ja, vol. 37 (5), pp. 479- 

1978. A New Species of Aneilema (Commelinaceae) from South Africa. Bothalia, vol. 12 
(3), pp. 565-566. 

1978. Review of the Lectotypification ofAneilema R. Br. (Commelinaceae). Taxon, vol. 27 
(2/3), pp. 289-298. 

1978. Pollia Thunb. (Commelinaceae): the First Generic Record from the New World. 
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, vol. 65 (2), pp. 676-680. 

Glassman, Sidney F. 

1977. Preliminary Taxonomic Studies in the Palm Genus Attalea H. B. K. Fieldiana: 
Botany, vol. 38 (5), pp. 31-61. 

Nevling, Lorin I., Jr. 

1978. The Regulation of Plant-Related Activities Carried on by Museums. Legal Problems 
of Museum Administration, ALI-ABA Course of Study, pp. 455-456. 

1978. A New Species of Daphnopsis (Thymelaeaceae) from Ecuador. Selbyana, vol. 2, pp. 
308, 309. 

1978. (vdth Christine Niezgoda) On the Genus Schleinitzia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). 
Adansonia, ser. EI, vol. 18(3), pp. 345-363. 


NiEZGODA, Christine J. 

1976. (1977). (with John Nowaczyk, Jr.) Palynological Studies in Acanthinophyllum, 
Clarisia, Sorocea, and Trophis (Moraceae). Pollen et Spores, vol. 18 (4), pp. 513-522. 
Dated 1976, actually published in 1977. 

Plowman, Timothy C. 

1977. (with B. Holmstedt, E. Jaatmaa, and L. Leander) Determination of Cocaine in Some 
South American Species of Erythroxylum Using Mass Fragmentography. Phyto- 
chemistry, vol. 16, pp. 1,753-1,755. 

1977. Brunfelsia in Ethnomedicine. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 
25(10), pp. 289-320. 

1978. (with R. E. Schultes and T. Swain) Virola as an Oral Hallucinogen among the 
Boras of Peru. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 25(9), pp. 259-272. 

1978. (with L. Rudenberg and C. W. Greene) lOPB Chromosome Reports LX: 

Erythroxylaceae. Taxon, vol. 27(2/3), p. 224. 
1978. A New Section of Brunfelsia: Section Guianenses Plowman, pp. 294-295. In: 

Hawkes, J. G., Systematic Notes on the Solemaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnaean 

Society, vol. 76. 
1978. (with B. Holmstedt, J.-E. Lindgren, and L. Rivier) Cocaine in Blood of Coca Chew- 

ers. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 26 (5), pp. 199-201. 
1978. (with L. Rudenberg and C. W. Greene) Chromosome Numbers in Neotropical Erj- 

throxylum (Erythroxylaceae). Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 26 

(5), pp. 203-209. 

Stolze, Robert G. 

1978. A New Species of Asplenium from Guatemala. American Fern Journal, vol. 68, pp. 

Stuessy, Tod F. 

1977. Revision of Oparanthus (Compositae, Heliantheae, Coreopsidinae). Fieldiana: 
Botany, vol. 38 (6), pp. 63-70. 

1978. Revision ofLagascea (Compositae, Heliantheae). Fje/dtana.- Botany, vol. 38 (8), pp. 

Williams, Terua P. 

1977. Comprehensive Index to the Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, part 
XIII, 266 pp. 


Baird, Gordon C. 

1978. Pebbly Phospherites in Shale: a Key to Recognition of a Wide-Spread Submarine 
Discontinuity in the Middle Devonian of New York. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 
vol. 48, pp. 545-556. 

Bardack, David 

1978. (with S. Teller-Marshall) The Morphology and Relationships of the Cretaceous 
T e\eost Apsopelix. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1-35. 
Bolt, John R. 

1977. Dissorophoid Relationships and Ontogeny and Origin of the Lissamphibia. Journal 
of Paleontology, vol. 41, pp. 235-249. 


1977. Cacops (Amphibia: Labyrinthodontia) from the Fort Sill Locality, Lower Permian of 
Oklahoma. Fieldiana Geology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 61-73. 

1978. (with R. E. DeMar) Taxonomic Position of Captorhinoides valensis Olson (Reptilia: 
Captorhinomorpha). Journal of Paleontology , vol. 52, pp. 934-937. 

Frest, Terrence J. 

1977. (with D. G. Mikulic and C. R. C. Paul) New Information on the Holocystites Fauna 
(Diploporita) of the Middle Silurian of Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana. Fieldiana: Geol- 
ogy, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 83-108. 
1977. Cyathocrinites from the Silurian (Wenlock) Strata of Southeastern Indiana. Field- 
iana: Geology, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 109-136. 

Lund, Richard 

1977. New Information of the Evolution of the Bradyondont Chondrichthyes. Fie/diana; 
Geology, vol. 33, no. 28, pp. 521-539. 

Marshall, Larry G. 

1977. Evolution of the Carnivorous Adaptive Zone in South America. NATO Advanced 
Study Institute, pp. 709-721. 

1977. A New Species of Lycopsis (Borhyaenidae: Marsupialia) from the La Venta Fauna 
(Miocene) of Colombia, South America. Journal of Paleontology, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 

1977. Lestodelphys halli. Mammalian Species Series. The American Society of Mam- 
malogists, no. 81, pp. 1-3. 

1977. Lutreolina crassicaudata. Mammalian Species Series. The American Society of 

Mammalogists, no. 91, pp. 1-4. 
1977. (with R. Pascual, G. H. Curtis, and R. Drake) South American Geochronology: 

Radiometric Time Scale for Middle to Late Tertiary Mammal-Bearing Horizons, 

Patagonia, South America. Science, vol. 195, pp. 1,325-1,328. 

1977. First Pliocene Record of the Water Opposum, Chironectes minimus (Didelphidae, 
Marsupialia). Journa/ of Mammalogy, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 434-436. 

1977. (with W. A. Clemens, R. J. HofTstetter, R. Pascual, B. Patterson, R. H. Tedford and 
W. D. Turnbull). Acyonidae Ameghino, 1889 (Mammalia): Proposed Suppression under 
the Plenary Powers. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, no. 33, pp. 212-213. 

1977. Cladistic Analysis of Didelphoid, Dasyuroid, Borhyaenoid and Thyacinid (Mar- 
supialia) Affinity. Systematic Zoology, vol. 26, pp. 410-425. 

1977. (with R. Pascual) Nuevos Marsupiales Caenolestidae del "Piso Notohipidense" (SW 
de Santa Cruz, Patagonia) de Ameghino. Sus aportaciones a la cronologia y las com- 
unidades de mamideros Sudamericanos. Mar del Plata Museo Municipal de Ciencias 
Naturales y Tradicional, Publ. 2, no. 4, pp. 91-122. 

1978. Dromiciops australis. Mammalian Species Series. The American Society of Mam- 
malogists, no. 99, pp. 1-4. 

1978. Evolution of the Borhyaenidae, Extinct South American Predaceous Marsupials. 
University of California Publications Geological Science, vol. 117, pp. 1-89. 

1978. (with M. Archer and A. Bartholomai) PropZeopz/s chillagoensis, a New Giant Rat- 
Kangaroo from North Queensland. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, no. 39, 
pp. 55-60. 

1978. (with A. Berta) Fossilius Catalogus: South American Camivora. W. Junk (The 
Hague), Pars. 125, pp. 1-48. 


1978. (with R. S. Corruccini) Variability, Evolutionary Rates and Allometry in Dwarfing 
Lineages. Paleobiology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 101-119. 

1978. (with M. K. Hecht) Mammalian Faunal Dynamics of the Great American Inter- 
change: an Alternative Interpretation. Pa/eo6zo/o^v, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 203-209. 

1978. (with R. Pascual) Una Prelinimar Escala Temporal Radiometrica de las Edades- 
mamifero del Cenozoico Medio y Tardio Sudamerican. Museo de La Plata. 

1978. Chironectes minimus. Mammalian Species Series. The American Society of Mam- 
malogists, no. 109, pp. 1-5. 

1978. Glironia venusta. Mammalian Species Series. The American Society of Mam- 
malogists, no. 107, pp. 1-3. 

1978. (with B. Patterson) The Deseadan, Early Oligocene, Marsupialia of South America. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 37-100. 

1978. (with W. A. Clemens, R. J. Hoffstetter, R. Pascual, B. Patterson, R. H. Tedford, and 
W. D. Tumbull) Acyonidae Ameghino, 1889 (Mammalia): Supplement to Proposal to 
Suppress this Name. Z. N. (S) 2159. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, no. 35, pp. 

1978. (with R. H. Tedford) Caenolestidae Troussart, 1898, and Palaeothentidae Sinclair 
1906 (Mammalia); Proposed Conservation under the Plenary Powers. Bulletin of 
Zoological Nomenclature, no. 35, pp. 58-64. 

NiTECKi, Matthew H. 

1977. (with G. G. Forney and D. T. Jenkins) Type Fossil Miscellanea (Worms, Prob- 

lematica, Conoidal Shells, Trace Fossils) in Field Museum. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 37, 

no. 1, pp. 1-41. 
1977. A Bibliography of North American Paleontological Type Catalogs, pp. 50-55. In: 

Fossil Invertebrate Collections in North American Repositories, 1976, University of 


1977. (with G. G. Forney and D. T. Jenkins) Type Fossil Coelenterata (Except Corals) in 
Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 75-92. 

1978. (with G. G. Forney) Ordovician Receptaculites camacho n.sp. from Argentina. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 93-110. 

1978. (with M. E. Johnson) Internal Structures of Cyclocrinites dactioloides, a Recep- 
taculitid Alga from the Lower Silurian of Iowa. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 

1978. (with D. C. Fisher) Morphology and Arrangement of Meromes in Ischadites dix- 
onensis, an Ordovician Receptaculitid. F/e/dmna.- Geology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 17-31. 

1978. Fossil Algae. Aquatic Botany, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 99-102. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

1977. (with L. Grossman, A. David, and P. Santoliquido) Chemical Studies of Condensates 
in the Murchison Type 2 Carbonaceous Chondrite, pp. 439-440. In: Lunar Science VIII. 
The Lunar Institute, Houston, Texas. 

1977. (with J. Erlichman, T. Bunch, and P. B. Moore) Buchwaldite, a New Meteoritic 
Phosphate Mineral. American Mineralogist, vol. 62, pp. 362-364. 

1977. (with T. Bunch, E. Jarosewich, A. Noonan, and G. Huss) Happy Canyon: a New 
Type of Enstatite Achondrite. Meteoritics, vol. 12, pp. 109-123. 

1977. (with W. Cassidy and K. Yanai) Antarctica: a Deep-Freeze Storehouse for Meteor- 
ites. Science, vol. 198, pp. 727-731. 


1977. Equilibrium Thermodynamic Calculations Applied to Meteorite Mineral As- 
semblages, Chapter 17, pp. 434-451. In: S. K. Saxena and S. Bhattacharji, eds., 
Energetics of Geological Processes. Springer- Verlag, New York. 

1977. (with I. Krstanovic and S. Pavlovic) The Structural State of Serpentine Minerals 
and Their Chemical Composition. Bulletin T. LVI de I'Academie serbe des Sciences et 
des Arts. Classes des Sciences naturelles et mathematiques, no. 15, pp. 31-36. 

1978. (with A. Noonan, K. Fredriksson, E. Jarosewich, and G. Moreland) Eleven New 
Meteorites from Antarctica, 1976-1977. Meteoritics, vol. 13, pp. 209-225. 

1978. (with L. Grossman) On the Origin of Isolated Olivine Grains in Type 2 Carbona- 
ceous Chondrites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 41, pp. 111-127. 

Patterson, Bryan 

1977. A Primitive Pyrothere (Mammalia, Notoungulata) from the Early Tertiary of 
Northwestern Venezuela. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 397-422. 

QuiNN, James H. 

1977. Sedimentary Processes in Rayonnoceras Burial. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 27, 
pp. 511-519. 

Raup, David M. 

1977. Probabilistic Models in Evolutionary Paleobiology. American Scientist, vol. 65, pp. 

1977. Stochastic Models in Evolutionary Paleontology, Chapter 3, pp. 59-78. In: Hallam, 
A., ed., Patterns of Evolution, Elsevier. 

1977. (with S. J. Gould, J. J. Sepkoski, T. J. M. Schopf, and D. S. SimberlofO The Shape of 
Evolution: a Comparison of Real and Random Clades. Paleobiology, vol. 3, pp. 23-40. 

1977. Systematists Follow the Fossils. Paleobiology, vol. 3, pp. 328-329. 

1978. Cohort Analysis of Generic Survivorship. Paleobiology, vol. 4, pp. 1-15. 

1978. Presidential Address: Approaches to the Extinction Problem. Journal of Paleontol- 
ogy, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 517-523. 

1978. (with S. M. Stanley) Prmcip/es of Paleontology , 2nd ed. W. H. Freeman and Com- 
pany. 481 pp. 

1978. (with S. M. Stanley) Prmcjpios dePaleontlogia, 1971 ed. Editorial Ariel, Barcelona. 
451 pp. 

Reed, C. A. 

1977. (with D. Falk) The Stature and Weight of Sterkfontein 14, a Gracile Au- 
stralopithecine from Transvaal, as Determined from the Innominate Bone. Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 423-440. 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

1977. (with F. M. Carpenter) Structure and Relationships of the Upper Carboniferous 
Insect Eucaenus ovalis (Protorthoptera: Eucaenidae ). Ps^'cAe, vol. 83, pp. 223-242. 

1977. (with David Bardack) New Agnathous Fishes from the Pennsylvanian of Illinois. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 26, pp. 489-510. 

Rosser, Sue Vilhauer 

1978. Investigation of the Classification of the Rodent Genus Eumys from the Middle 
Oligocene of the Big Badlands of South Dakota Using Multivariate Statistical Analysis. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 33-60. 


ScHRAM, Frederick R. 

1978. Arthropods: a Convergent Phenomenon. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 61- 

ScHULTZE, Hans-Peter 

1977. Megapleuron zangerli, a New Dipnoan from the Pennsylvanian, WXmois. Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 375-396. 

Shabica, Charles W. 

1978. Sedimentary Structures from the Carbondale Formation (Middle Pennsylvanian) of 
Northern Illinois. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 29, pp. 541-568. 

SOHN, I. G. 

1977. Paraparchites mazonensis n.sp. (Ostracoda) from Middle Pennsylvanian Ironstone 
Concretions of Illinois. Fie/dmraa.- Geology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 43-59. 

Taylor, K. 

1977. (with T. Adamec) Tooth Histology and Ultrastructure of a Paleozoic Shark, Erfes^us 
heinrichii. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 24, pp. 441-470. 

Thompson, Ida 

1977. (with R. G. Johnson) New Fossil Polychaete from Essex, IWinois. Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 33, no. 25, pp. 471-487. 

Turnbull, William D. 

1978. The Mammalian Fauna of the Washakie Formation, Mid-Late Eocene, Southwest- 
ern Wyoming. Part I. Introduction, History, Geology . Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 33, no. 30, 
pp. 569-601. 

1978. Another Look at Dental Specialization in the Extinct Saber-toothed Marsupial, 
Thylacosmilus, Compared with Its Placental Counterparts. Contribution to 4th Inter- 
national Dental Symposium Held at Cambridge, England in October 1974, Chapter 24, 
pp. 399-414. In: Joysey, K. A., ed.. Developmental Function and Evolution of Teeth, 
Academic Press, London. 

1978. (with E. L. Lundelius, Jr.) The Mammalian Fauna of Madura Cave, Western Au- 
stralia. Part III. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 38, 120 pp. 

Woodland, Bertram G. 

1977. Structural Analysis of the Silurian-Devonian Rocks of the Royalton Area, Vermont. 
Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 88, pp. 1,111-1,123. 

ZiEGLER, J. Gail 

1978. An Aniliid Snake and Associated Vertebrates from the Campanian of New Mexico. 
Journal of Paleontology , vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 480-483. 


Blake, Emmet R. 

1977. Manual of Neotropical Birds, vol. 1. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 723 pp. 
Bruner, John C. 

1976. Variation in the Caudal Skeleton of Etheostoma nigrum Rafinesque (Osteichthys: 
Percidae). Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 87-90. 


Dybas, Henry S. 

1978. The Systematics and Geographical and Ecological Distribution of Ptiliopycna, a 
Nearctic Genus of Parthenogenetic Featherwing Beetles (Coleoptera: Ptiliidae). Ameri- 
can Midland Naturalist, vol. 99, pp. 83-100. 

1978. Polymorphism in Featherwing Beetles, with a Revision of the Genus Ptinellodes 
(Coleoptera: Ptiliidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 71, pp. 

Felgenhauer, Bruce E. and Frederick R. Schram 

1978. Differential Epibiont Fouling in Relation to Grooming Behavior in Palaemonetes 
kadiakensis. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 83-100. 

FiTZPATRicK, John W. 
1977. (with J. W. Terborgh and D. W. Willard) A New Species of Wood-wren from Peru. 
Auk, vol. 94, pp. 195-201. 

1977. (with G. E. Woolfenden) Dominance in the Florida Scrub Jay. Condor, vol. 79, pp. 

1978. (with G. E. Woolfenden) The Inheritance of Territory in Group-Breeding Birds. 
Bioscience, vol. 28, pp. 104-108. 

1978. (with G. E. Woolfenden) Red-tailed Hawk Preys on Juvenile Gopher Tortoise. 
Florida Field Naturalist, vol. 6, p. 49. 

Gans, Carl and Sandra Mathers 

1977. Amphisbaena medemi, an Interesting New Species from Colombia (Amphisbaena, 
Reptilia) with a Key to the Amphisbaenians of the Americas. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 
72, no. 2, pp. 21-46. 

Glodek, Garrett S. 

1977. (with D. W. Greenfield) Trachelyichthys exilis, a New Species of Catfish (Pisces: 
Auchenipteridae) from Peru. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 47-58. 

1978. (with H. J. Carter) A New Helogeneid Catfish from Eastern Ecuador (Pisces, 
Siluriformes, Helogeneidae). Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 75-82. 

1978. The Importance of Catfish Burrows in Maintaining Fish Populations of Tropical 
Freshwater Streams in Western Ecuador. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 1-8. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

1977. Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini), with an Introduction to Primates, vol. 1 . 
University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 1,117 pp. 

IzoR, Robert J. 

1978. (with Luis de la Torre) A New Species of Weasel (Mustela) from the Highlands of 
Colombia, with Comments on the Evolution and Distribution of South American 
Weasels. Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 55, pp. 92-102. 

Kethley, John B. 

1977. A Review of the Higher Categories of Trigynaspida (Acari: Parasitiformes). Inter- 
national Journal of Acarology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 129-149. 

1977. The Status of Hybalicus Berlese, 1913 and Oehserchestes Jacot, 1939 (Acari: 
Acariformes: Endeostigmata). Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 59-64. 

1977. (with G. S. Ide) Thewkachela ratufi n.g. n.sp., an Unusual New Cheyletic Mite 
(Cheyletidae: Acariformes) from the Giant Squirrel, Ratufa (Sciuridae: Rodentia) in 


Sabah and Thailand. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 

1977. An Unusual Farantennu\oid,Philodanajohnstoni n.g., n.sp. (Acari: Parasitiformes: 
Philodanidae, n.fam.) Associated with A^ea^ws tenebrioides (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) 
in North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 

1978. Narceolaelaps N. G. (Acari: Laelapidae) with Four New Species Parasitizing 
Sprioboloid Millipedes. International Journal of Acarology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 195-210. 

Lemen, Cliff A. 

1978. (with M. L. Rosenzweig) Microhabitat Selection in Two Species of Heteromyid 

Rodents. Oecologia (Berl.), vol. 33, pp. 127-135. 
1978. Seed Size Selection in Heteromyids, a Second Look. Oecologia (Berl.), vol. 35, pp. 

Martin, R. E. 

1977. Species Preferences of Allopatric and Sympatric Populations of Silky Pocket Mice, 
Genus Perognathus (Rodentia: Heteromyidae). American Midland Naturalist, vol. 98, 
pp. 124-136. 

Marx, H. 

1977. (with G. B. Rabb and H. K. Voris) The Differentiation of Character State Relation- 
ships by Binary Coding and the Monothetic Subset Method. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 72, 
no. 1, pp. 1-20. 

Pine, Ronald H. 

1978. (with J. P. Angle and D. Bridge) Mammals from the Sea, Mainland and Islands at 
the Southern Tip of South America. Mammalia, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 105-114. 

Resetar, Alan 

1977. A Key to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Northwest Indiana and Adjacent Illinois. 
Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 61-66. 

Seevers, Charles H. 

1978. (with additions and annotations by Lee H. Herman) A Generic and Tribal Revision 
of the North American Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 71, 289 pp. 

Smith, Eric 

1977. Clarification Notes on Two Fabrician Chrysomelid Type Specimens (Coleoptera: 
Chrysomelidae. Coleopterists Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 87-90. 

Solem, Alan 

1977. Fossil Endodontid Land Snails from Midway Atoll. Journa/ of Paleontology , vol. 51, 

no. 5, pp. 902-911. 
1977. Radiodiscus hubrichti Branson, 1975, a Synonym ofStriatura (S.) pugetensis (Dall, 
1895) (MoUusca: Pulmonata: Zonitidae). The Nautilus, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 146-148. 

1977. Shell Microsculpture in Striatura, Punctum, Radiodiscus, and Planogyra. The 
Nautilus, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 149-155. 

1978. Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Camaenid Land Snails from Western North America 
(Mollusca: Pulmonata). Journal of Paleontology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 581-589. 

1978. Land Snails from Mothe, Lakemba, and Karoni Islands, Lau Archipelago, Fiji. 
Pacific Science, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 39-45. 


1978. 1. Fam. Charopidae, pp. 521-533. In: La Faune Terrestre de I'lle de Sainte-Helene, 
quartrieme partie. Annates, Sci. ZooL, Musee Royal de I'Afrique Centrale, no. 220. 

Traylor, Melvin a. 

1977. A Classification of the Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae). fiaZ/e^m of the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. 129-184. 

1977. (with Raymond A. Paynter, Jr.) Ornithological Gazetteer of Ecuador. Harvard Col- 
lege, Cambridge. 152 pp. 

VoRis, H. K. 

1977. Comparison of Herpetofaunal Diversity in Tree Buttresses of Evergreen Tropical 
Forests. Herpetologica, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 375-380. 

1977. A Phylogeny of the Sea Snakes (Hydrophiidaej. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 70, no. 4, 
pp. 79-169. 

1978. (with H. H. Voris and Lim Boo Liat) The Food and Feeding Behavior of a Marine 
Snake, Enhydrina schistosa (Hydrophiidae). Copeia, no. 1, pp. 134-146. 

Wenzel, R. L. 

1977. (with Paul P. Shubeck, N. M. Downie, and S. B. Peck) Species Composition of 
Carrion Beetles in a Mixed-Oak Forest. Bulletin of the Wm. L. Hutcheson Memorial 
Forest, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 12-17. 


1977. The Feeding, Ecology and Behavior of Five Species of Herons in Southeastern New 
Jersey. Condor, vol. 79, pp. 462-470. 


1978. A New Species of Allactaga (Rodentia: Dipodidae) from Iran. Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 65-73. 


Field Museum o 

Statement of Revenues anc 

Years ended Decembei 


Source of revenue: 
Public funds — 

Chicago Park District tax collections $1,503,70 

Grovernment grants (Note 4) 652,59 

Total public funds 2,156,30 

Private funds — 

Investment revenue availed of for operations: 

Pooled security investments 1,424,70 

Securities of individual funds 174,30 

Total investment revenue 1,599,01 

Unrestricted contributions 1,158,13 

Contributions designated by Board for future years 

Memberships (Note 2 ) 671,17 

Private restricted funds availed of for operations 

Total contributed revenue 1 ,829,30 


Admissions 601,69 

Museum shops and cafeteria 1,185,26 

Visitors' services and other 317,18 

Total earned revenues 2,104,14 

Total private funds 5.532,46 

Total revenue 7,688,76 

Operating expenditures: 

Scientific 1,335,68 

Education and exhibition 762,37 

Publication and photography 459,96 

Library 196,88 

Building operations and security 2,405,74 

Administration and development 1,558,87 

Museum shops and cafeteria 1,112,75 

Total operating expenditures 7,832^' ' 

Revenues in excess of (less than) expenditures before 

cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle ( 143,5 

Cumulative effect on prior years (to December 31, 1976) 
of changing the method of accounting for membership 

revenue. (Note 2) . 

Revenues in excess of (less than) expenditure $( 143,51. 

See accompanying notes. 



slatural History 

Expenditures — Current Funds 

!1, 1978 and 1977 





ent to 

ment to 











of total 






of total 





































































































































( 6,317) 
























284,974 562,500 



( 101,596) 

( 101,596) 

183,378 562,500 





December 31, 1978 and 1977 

1. Significant accounting policies 

Accrual basis of accounting 

The financial statements are prepared on the accrual basis of accounting, except as to 
Museum property and collections and contributions discussed below. 

Description of funds 

The Museum has established two major fund groups — current funds and long-term 

The current funds include the following. (1) The operating fund accounts for all reve- 
nues not restricted by the donor or the Board of Trustees and for the expenditure of those 
funds. (2) The commitment to distinction fund accounts for contributions under the com- 
mitment to distinction program that have been designated as applicable to future periods by 
the Board of Trustees; this fund is available to fund future operating fund deficits. (3) 
Restricted funds account for expendable contributions, grants and investment income which 
are restricted for a specific purpose by the donor and for the expenditure of those funds; 
current restricted funds' revenues are included in the statement of revenues and 
expenditures — current funds only to the extent expended. 

The long-term funds (Note 5) include the following. (1 ) Endowment funds, consisting of 
restricted endowment funds that account for contributions in which the donor specifies that 
principal may not be expended, and funds functioning as endowment which account for 
certain contributions or bequests which are generally nonrecurring and are restricted by 
the Board of Trustees. Board restrictions are revocable. Income from the investments of the 
endowment funds is available for unrestricted and restricted purposes and is accordingly 
accounted for in the current operating or current restricted fund. Gains and losses on the 
disposals of investments of the endowment funds are accounted for in the endowment fund 
except that, under the total return concept employed by the Museum, net accumulated gain in 
funds functioning as endowment is made available to the current operating fund (see total 
return concept below). (2) The Museum modernization fund accounts for revenue restricted by 
donors for use in the Museum's capital improvement program. These revenues include 
reimbursements from the Chicago Park District, contributions and investment income. (3) 
The fixed property fund reflects cost of the Museum's building and building equipment 
accumulated to October 1931; no depreciation has been provided on these properties. Collec- 
tions, furniture and equipment of the Museum are carried in the fixed property fund at a 
nominal value of $1. 

Current expenditures for building alterations and renovations and for acquisition of 
collections, furniture and equipment are charged to expense. Depending on the source of the 
revenue, these expenditures are included in the operating fund, restricted fund or Museum 
modernization fund. 


Contributions are accounted for on a cash basis. At December 31, 1978 pledged but 
uncollected contributions to the various funds amounted to approximately $1,152,000 of 
which $300,000 is from challenge grant funds awarded by the National Endowment for the 
Humanities (Note 4) and $61,000 is in respect of the capital campaign for the Museum 
modernization fund. 


Total return concept 
The Museum applies what is known as the total return concept for investing its funds 
functioning as endowment. Under this concept, security investments are selected on the 
basis of expected total return, including dividends, interest and prospective appreciation. 
Since this policy may involve the purchase of attractive low yield investments, with result- 
ing reductions in dividend and interest receipts, the Museum computes investment income 
(from the funds functioning as endowment) each year as 5% of the average June 30 market 
values of the securities for the three preceding years. The excess or deficiency of actual 
dividends and interest in relation to the 5% computed investment income (in 1978 an excess 
of $22,435; in 1977 a deficiency of $15,670) is an adjustment to the net gain on disposal of 
securities accumulated in funds functioning as endowment which is included in revenues 
and expenditures — long-term funds (Note 5). 

Pension cost 

Pension cost, calculated under the entry age normal cost method with past service cost 
amortized over 15 years, is funded as accrued. Each year's actuarial gains from a group 
annuity contract, suspended since 1966, are treated as deferred credits and amortized over 
10 years as a reduction of pension cost otherwise accrued. 

Tax revenue 

Tax revenue is principally recorded when received from the Chicago Park District as 
that is the period in which it is available for use. Substantially all of this revenue is derived 
from taxes levied for the preceding year. 

2. Change in method of accounting for membership revenue 

In 1978 and 1977 receipts for annual memberships have been amortized into revenue 
over the membership term. In years prior to 1977, membership receipts were included in 
revenue as received. The new method was adopted to more accurately match this revenue 
with the costs of servicing the membership. The effect of the change in 1977 was to decrease 
revenues in excess of expenditures — current funds by approximately $415,000. The adjust- 
ment of $101,596 to retroactively apply the new method is included in revenues in excess of 
expenditures in 1977, the year of the change. 

3. Pension Plan 

The Museum has a contributory trusteed pension plan covering all employees meeting 
certain age and service requirements. Pension expense, net of the amortization of actuarial 
gains from the suspended group annuity contract of $38,895 in 1978 and $33,700 in 1977 
amounted to $165,565 in 1978 and $128,800 in 1977. 

4. Challenge grant funds 

The Museum has been awarded challenge grants totaling $1.5 million from the Na- 
tional Endowment for the Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts (Endow- 
ments). Under the terms of the grants the Museimi will receive $1 of grant funds for every 
$3 of qualifying funds raised by the Museum. These grant funds are generally available for 
operating purposes. In 1978 the Museum received $700,000 from the Endowments 
($500,000 in 1977). Of this amount $354,540 is included in the operating fund and $345,460 
in the commitment to distinction fund ($125,000 and $375,000, respectively, in 1977). 


5. Long-term funds 

The accompanying statements of revenues and expenditures — current funds do not 
include the revenues and expenditures of the Museum's long-term funds. The nature of 
these two fund groups is described in Note 1. Revenues and expenditures of the long-term 
funds are summarized below. 

1978 1977 


Bequests and donations — 

Restricted endowment funds $ 55,000 20,465 

Funds functioning as endowment 268,358 1,396,965 

Museum modernization fund 542,471 396,643 

Chicago Park District reimbursements 677,937 1,887,745 

Net gain (loss) on disposal of 

investments ( 316,255) 380,890 

Security investments 46,495 97,327 

Credit (charge) resulting from 

application of total return concept 22,435 ( 15,670) 

1,296,441 4,164,365 

Capital improvement expenditures 1,114,291 4,218,061 

Revenue in excess of (less than) 

expenditures $ 182,150 ( 53,696 ) 

The Board of Trustees 

Field Museum of Natural History 

We have examined the accompanying statements of revenues and expenditures — current 
funds of the Field Museum of Natural History for the years ended December 31, 1978 and 
1977. Our examinations were made in accordance with generally accepted auditing stan- 
dards and, accordingly, included such tests of the accounting records and such other audit- 
ing procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. 

The accompanying statements do not include the revenues and expenditures of the 
Museum's endowment funds (restricted and functioning as endowment) and the Museum 
modernization fund. The revenues and expenditures of these long-term funds for the years 
ended December 31, 1978 and 1977 are summarized in Note 5. 

In our opinion, the statements mentioned above present fairly the revenues and 
expenditures — current funds of the Field Museum of Natural History for the years ended 
December 31, 1978 and 1977 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles 
consistently applied during the period subsequent to the change, with which we concur, made 
as of January 1, 1977 in the method of accounting for membership revenues as described in 
Note 2 to the financial statements. 

Chicago, Illinois Arthur Young & Company 

April 6, 1979 



December 31, 1978 


William G. Swartchild, Jr., Board Chairman 

BowEN Blair, Vice Chairman 

James J. O'Connor, Vice Chairman 

James H. Ransom, Vice Chairman 

John S. Runnells, Vice Chairman 

John W. Sullivan, Vice Chairman 

Edward Byron Smith, Treasurer 

Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken, Secretary 

E. Leland Webber, President— Director 


Mrs. T. Stanton Armour 
George R. Baker 
Robert O. Bass 
Gordon Bent 
Harry O. Bercher 
Bowen Blair 
Stanton R. Cook 
O. C. Davis 

William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 
Marshall Field 
Nicholas Galitzine 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Hugo J. Melvoin 
William H. Mitchell 

Charles F. Murphy, Jr. 
James J. O'Connor 
James H. Ransom 
John S. Runnells 
William L. Searle 
Edward Byron Smith 
Robert H. Strotz 
John W. Sullivan 
William G. Swartchild, Jr. 
Mrs. Edward F. Swift 
Edward R. Telling 
Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken 
E. Leland Webber 
Julian B. Wilkins 
Blaine J. Yarrington 


William McCormick Blair 
Joseph N. Field 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
William V. Kahler 
Remick McDowell 
James L. Palmer 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Donald Richards 
John M. Simpson 
J. Howard Wood 


Officers and Committees 
December 31, 1978 

Board Chairman 

Executive Committee 

William G. Swartchild, Jr., Board Chairman 
Bowen Blair, Vice Chairman 
James J. O'Connor, Vice Chairman 
James H. Ransom, Vice Chairman 
John S. Runnells, Vice Chairman 
John W. Sullivan, Vice Chairman 
Edward Bjrron Smith, Treasurer 
Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken, Secretary 
E. Leland Webber, President — Director 

.William G. Swartchild, Jr. 


Vice Chairman — Program Planning anb Evaluation 

Program Planning and Evaluation Committee 
Mrs. T. Stanton Armour 
Remick McDowell 
Hugo J. Melvoin 
William L. Searle 
Edward R. Telling 
Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken 

John S. Runnells 


Lorin I. Nevling, Jr. 
Ed Bedno 

Carolyn P. Blackmon 
Phillip H. Lewis 
Melvin Traylor 

Vice Chairman — Resource Planning and Development 
Resource Planning and Development Committee 
Mrs. T. Stanton Armour 
Robert O. Bass 
Gordon Bent 
Marshall Field 
Nicholas Galitzine 
James J. O'Connor 

Bowen Blair 


Thomas R. Sanders 

Vice Chairman — Public Affairs 
Public Affairs Committee 
Stanton R. Cook 
Mrs. Emmett Dedmon 
Mrs. Frank D. Mayer 
Mrs. Edward F. Swift 
Mrs. William Wood-Prince 
Blaine J. Yarrington 

James J. O'Connor 


Thomas R. Sanders 

Vice Chairman — Facilities Planning 
Facilities Planning Committee 
Harry O. Bercher 
William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Mrs. R. Winfield Ellis 
Charles F. Murphy, Jr. 
John S. Runnells 
Julian B. Wilkins 

John W. Sullivan 


Norman W. Nelson 
Norman P. Radtke 
Melvin A. Traylor 



Vice Chairman — Internal Affairs James H. Ransom 

Internal Affairs Committee Staff 

George R. Baker Norman W. Nelson 

O. C. Davis Lorin I. Nevling, Jr. 

William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Hugo J. Melvoin 
Jack C. Staehle 
Robert H. Strotz 

Treasurer Edward Byron Smith 

Investment Committee Staff 

George R. Baker Norman W. Nelson 

Bowen Blair 

Nicholas Galitzine 

Paul W. Goodrich 

William H. Mitchell 

James J. O'Connor 

Blaine J. Yarrington 

Nominating Committee 

Nicholas Galitzine, Chairman 

Thomas E. Donnelley II 

James H. Ransom 

William L. Searle 

Robert H. Strotz 

Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken 


Women's Board 

December 31, 1978 


Mrs. Edward F. Swift, President 

Mrs. Philip D. Block, Jr., Vice President 

Mrs. Robert Wells Carton, Vice President 

Mrs. Donald C. Greaves, Vice President 

Mrs. Richard Lea Kennedy, Recording Secretary 

Mrs. William H. Hartz, Jr., Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Hammond E. Chaffetz, Treasurer 

Mrs. Richard L. Thomas, Assistant Treasurer 


Mrs. Keene H. Addington 
Mrs. Edward King Aldworth 
Mrs. Richard I. Allen 
Mrs. James W. Alsdorf 
Mrs. a. Watson Armour, III 
Mrs. Laurance H. Armour, Jr. 
Mrs. T. Stanton Armour 
Mrs. Vernon Armour 
Mrs. Edwin N. Asmann 
Mrs. Thomas G. Ayers 
Mrs. Russell M. Baird 
Mrs. George R. Baker 
Mrs. Claude A. Barnett 
Mrs. Robert O. Bass 
Mrs. George R. Beach 
Mrs. Edward H. Bennett, Jr. 
Mrs. B. Edward Bensinger 
Mrs. Gordon Bent 
Mrs. Richard Bentley 
Mrs. Harry O. Bercher 
Mrs. Michael A. Bilandic 
Mrs. Bowen Blair 
Mrs. Frank W. Blatchford, in 
Mrs. Edward F. Blettner 
Mrs. Joseph L. Block 
Mrs. Leigh B. Block 
Mrs. Philip D. Block, Jr. 
Mrs. Philip D. Block, III 
Mrs. Edwin R. Blomquist 
Mrs. William J. Bowe 
Mrs. Arthur S. Bowes 
Mrs. Lester Harris Brill 
Mrs. Robert E. Brook er 

Mrs. John A. Bross, Jr. 
Mrs. Cameron Brown 
Mrs. Isidore Brown 
Mrs. Roger O. Brown 
Mrs. William A. Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. Evelyn M. Bryant 
Mrs. T. D. Buddington 
Mrs. Thomas B. Burke 
Mrs. Robert A. Carr 
Mrs. Robert Wells Carton 
Mrs. Hammond E. Chaffetz 
Mrs. Henry T. Chandler 
Miss Nora F. Chandler 
Mrs. George Chappell, Jr. 
Mrs. Fairfax M. Cone 
Mrs. Peter F. Connor 
Mrs. Stanton R. Cook 
Mrs. James R. Coulter 
Mrs. William S. Covington 
Mrs. Herschel H. Cudd 
Mrs. Ryerson Dahlman 
Mrs. Leonard S. Davidow 
Mrs. Orval C. Davis 
Mrs. Edwin J. DeCosta 
Mrs. Emmett Dedmon 
Mrs. Charles S. DeLong 
Mrs. Charles Dennehy 
Mrs. Edison Dick 
Mrs. William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Mrs. Arthur Dixon 
Mrs. Stewart S. Dixon 
Mrs. Wesley M. Dixon 
Mrs. C. Donnelley 



Mrs. Elliott Donnelley 

Mrs. Gaylord Donnelley 

Mrs. Maurice F. Dunne, Jr. 

Mrs. R. Winfield Ellis 

Mrs. Marjorie H. Elting 

Mrs. Winston Elting 

Mrs. Gordon R. Ewing 

Ms. Suzanne Clarke Falk 

Mrs. Ralph Falk 

Mrs. Calvin Fentress 

Mrs. Robert C. Ferris 

Mrs. Joseph N. Field 

Mrs. Marshall Field 

Mrs. Gaylord A. Freeman 

Mrs. a. W. F. Fuller 

Mrs. Douglas R. Fuller 

Mrs. John S. Garvin 

Mrs. John S. Gates 

Mrs. Maurice Patrick Geraghty 

Mrs. James Glasser 

Mrs. Julian R. Goldsmith 

Mrs. Paul W. Goodrich 

Mrs. Donald M. Graham 

Mrs. Donald C. Greaves 

Mrs. Harold F. Grumhaus 

Mrs. Robert C. Gunness 

Mrs. Robert P. Gwinn 

Mrs. Burton W. Hales 

Mrs. Corwith Hamill 

Mrs. William H. Hartz, Jr. 

Mrs. Frederick Charles Hecht 

Mrs. Ben W. Heineman 

Mrs. Kenneth Hempstead Hess 

Mrs. William A. Hewitt 

Mrs. Stacy H. Hill 

Mrs. John H. Hobart 

Mrs. W. Press Hodgkins 

Mrs. Thomas J. Hoffmann 

Miss Frances Hooper 

Mrs. Fred W. Hoover, Jr. 

Mrs. Robert M. Hunt 

Mrs. Chauncey Keep Hutchins 

Mrs. Robert C. Hyndman 

Mrs. Robert S. Ingersoll 

Mrs. Samuel Insull, Jr. 

Mrs. Spencer E. Irons 

Mrs. Henry P. Isham, Jr. 

Mrs. Frederick G. Jaicks 

Mrs. Robert D. Judson 

Mrs. Byron C. Karzas 

Mrs. Richard Lea Kennedy 

Mrs. Walter A. Krafft 

Mrs. Bertram D. Kribben 

Mrs. Louis B. Kuppenheimer, Jr. 

Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Jr. 

Mrs. Gordon Lang 

Mrs. Norman Laski 

Mrs. Gordon Leadbetter 

Mrs. John H. Leslie 

Mrs. John W. Leslie 

Mrs. Edward H. Levi 

Mrs. Chapin Litten 

Mrs. Albert E. M. Louer 

Mrs. Donald G. Lubin 

Mrs. Franklin J. Lunding 

Mrs. Wallace D. Mackenzie 

Mrs. James Magin 

Mrs. Robert H. Malott 

Mrs. David Mayer 

Mrs. Frank D. Mayer 

Mrs. Frank D. Mayer, Jr. 

Mrs. Brooks McCormick 

Mrs. George Barr McCutcheon, II 

Mrs. John T. McCutcheon, Jr. 

Mrs. Edward D. McDougal, Jr. 

Mrs. Remick McDowell 

Mrs. John C. Meeker 

Mrs. Henry W. Meers 

Mrs. Hugo J. Melvoin 

Mrs. J. Roscoe Miller 

Mrs. Newton N. Minow 

Mrs. John Mayo Mitchell 

Mrs. William H. Mitchell 

Mrs. Evan Moore 

Mrs. John T. Moss 

Mrs. Charles F. Murphy, Jr. 

Mrs. Mallers Murphy 

Mrs. Lewis E. Myers 

Mrs. Charles Fenger Nadler 

Mrs. Arthur C. Nielsen 

Mrs. John Nuveen 

Mrs. James J. O'Connor 

Mrs. James R. Offield 

Mrs. Patrick L. O'Malley 

Mrs. Richard C. Oughton 

Mrs. Henry D. Paschen, Jr. 

Mrs. R. Marlin Perkins 

Mrs. William J. Pfeif 

Mrs. John T. Pirie, Jr. 

Mrs. Charles S. Potter 

Mrs. Edward S. Price 

Mrs. Frederick Childs Pullman 

Mrs. George A. Ranney 

Mrs. Howard C. Reeder 


Mrs. Donald H. Reuben 
Mrs. Joseph E. Rich 
Mrs. T. Clifford Rodman 
Mrs. Frederick Roe 
Mrs. Samuel R. Rosenthal 
Mrs. John S. Runnells 
Mrs. George W. Ryerson 
Dr. Muriel S. Savage 
Mrs. Leo H. Schoenhofen, Jr. 
Mrs. Arthur W. Schultz 
Mrs. John G. Searle 
Mrs. William L. Searle 
Mrs. Noel Seeburg, Jr. 
Ms. Joanne Nagel Shaw 
Mrs. C. William Sidwell 
Mrs. Richard W. Simmons 
Mrs. John R. Siragusa 
Mrs. Gerald A. Sivage 
Mrs. Edward Byron Smith 
Mrs. Gordon H. Smith 
Mrs. Malcolm N. Smith 
Mrs. Lyle M. Spencer 
Mrs. Gatzert Spiegel 
Mrs. Jack C. Staehle 
Mrs. Gardner H. Stern 
Mrs. Adlai E. Stevenson, III 
Mrs. Robert E. Straus 
Mrs. William S. Street 
Mrs. Robert H. Strotz 
Mrs. Walter A. Stuhr, Jr. 
Mrs. Carroll H. Sudler 

Mrs. John W. Sullivan 

Mrs. Harry Blair Sutter 

Mrs. James Swartchild 

Mrs. William G. Swartchild, Jr. 

Mrs. Edward F. Swift 

Mrs. Hampden M. Swift 

Mrs. Phelps H. Swift 

Mrs. John W. Taylor, Jr. 

Mrs. Edward R. Telling 

Mrs. Richard L. Thomas 

Mrs. Bruce Thorne 

Mrs. Theodore D. Tieken 

Mrs. Howard J. Trienens 

Mrs. Chester D. Tripp 

Mrs. Thomas S. Tyler 

Mrs. Derrick Vail 

Mrs. J. Harris Ward 

Mrs. Thomas M. Ware 

Mrs. Hempstead Washburne, Jr. 

Mrs. E. Leland Webber 

Mrs. John Paul Welling 

Mrs. Frank O. Wetmore, II 

Mrs. Henry P. Wheeler 

Mrs. Julian B. Wilkins 

Mrs. Philip C. Williams 

Mrs. Norman B. Williamson 

Mrs. William Wood-Prince 

Mrs. J. Howard Wood 

Mrs. Frank H. Woods 

Mrs. Blaine J. Yarrington 

Mrs. George B. Young 




Donors to the Operating Funds 
of the Museum 

Total for 1977-1978 

In addition to the many generous donors listed here, in 1977 3,485 
individuals and in 1978 3,011 individuals made contributions of under 
$100. The Museum is deeply grateful for this support. 


Donations of $5,000 or more 


James M. Barker Trust 

Mr. & Mrs. B. E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Gordon Bent 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter L. 

Cherry, Jr. 
Estate of J. Lester 

Beatrice A. Delaney, 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert O. 

Mr. & Mrs. William R. 

Dickinson, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas E. 

Donnelley II 
Mrs. Marjorie H. Elting 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph N. 


Paul J. Gerstley 

Mr. & Mrs. Ray A. Kroc 

Mr. & Mrs. John 

Woodworth Leslie 
The Oscar G. & Elsa S. 

Mayer Charitable Trust 

(Oscar G. Mayer) 
Minnan, Inc., Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Theodore 

Van Zelst) 
Mr. & Mrs. William H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth 

Sterling Morton 

Charitable Trust 

(Mr. & Mrs. Eugene A. 

Arthur T. and Mary B. 

Moulding Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Arthur T. 


Pritzker Foundation 

(Robert A. Pritzker) 
Mr. & Mrs. John Shedd 

Mr. & Mrs. H. Wallace 

Mrs. T. ClifTord Rodman 
Mr. & Mrs. John S. 

Mr. & Mrs. John G. Searle 
Mr. & Mrs. William L. 

The Sedoh Foundation 

(Scott Hodes) 
Mr. & Mrs. John M. 

Mrs. Ellen Thome Smith, 

Mr. & Mrs. Jack C. 

Mrs. David W. Stewart 
Harold L. Stuart, Estate 

John W. Sullivan 
Ruth & Vernon Taylor 


(Mr. & Mrs. Phelps Hoyt 

Mr. & Mrs. John W. 

Taylor, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. George S. 

Trees, Sr. 
Mrs. Chester D. Tripp 
Mr. & Mrs. Louis A. 

Mr. & Mrs. E. Leland 

Harry H. Wolf Family 


(Harry H. Wolf) 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Philip K. 

Mr. & Mrs. Blaine J. 


DONATIONS OF $1,000 to $5,000 


Abra Prentice Anderson 

Charitable Trust 

(Abra Prentice 

Mr. & Mrs. A. Watson 

Armour III 
Mr. & Mrs. Laurance H. 

Armour, Jr. 
Mrs. Lester Armour 
Mr. & Mrs. T. Stanton 

Mr. & Mrs. Vernon 

Mr. & Mrs. George Baker 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert O. Bass 
Mr. & Mrs. George R. 

Beach, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry O. 

Mr. & Mrs. Carl J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Bowen Blair 
Mr. & Mrs. Wm. 

McCormick Blair 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph L. 

Mary and Leigh Block 

Charitable Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Leigh 

Mr. & Mrs. Philip D. 

Block, Jr. 
Cdr. & Mrs. G. E. Boone 
Edwin J. Brach 


(Mrs. Bertram Z. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles H. 

I & G Charitable 


(Mr. & Mrs. Isidore 

Mr. & Mrs. Roger O. 

Buchanan Family 


(DeWitt W. Buchanan, 


Mrs. Walther H. Buchen 
Dr. Sidney Camaras 
Dr. & Mrs. Robert W. 

Mr. & Mrs. Jerry G. 

A. G. Cox Charity Trust 

(A. G. Cox) 
Mr. & Mrs. Mark Crane 
Mr. & Mrs. W. F. Crawford 
Dexter Cummings 
L. F. Davaney 
Mr. & Mrs. Ken M. Davee 
Mr. & Mrs. O. C. Davis 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Dixon 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas H. 

Mrs. Elliot Donnelley 
Clara Douglas 
Mr. & Mrs. George H. 

Robert T. Drake 
Mrs. Harry J. Dunbaugh 
Mr. & Mrs. Kent W. 


Mr. & Mrs. R. Winfield 

Mr. & Mrs. E. J. Erick 
Mr. & Mrs. Gordon R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Crawford F. 

Mr. & Mrs. John V. 

Farwell III 
Mr. & Mrs. Calvin 

Fentress, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Marshall Field 
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord A. 

Freeman, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. William M. 

Anne Rickords Gait 
Mr. & Mrs. Nicholas 

Mr. & Mrs. William T. 

Mr. & Mrs. Paul W. 

The Grainger Foundation 


(Individuals' donations of $1,000-$5,000) 

(David W. Grainger) 

(W. W. Grainger) 
Rose B. Grosse 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul W. 

Frances Gueret 
Haffner Foundation 

(Mrs. Charles C. 

Hafiher, Jr.) 

(CharlesC. Haffner, III) 
Hales Charitable Fund, 

Mrs. Burton W. Hales 
Happy Hollow Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Corwith 

Dr. & Mrs. William A. 

Mrs. D. Foster Harland 
Mr. & Mrs. Ben W. 

Mr. & Mrs. Michael 

Philip Hershkovitz 
Dr. Helen Holt 
Holzheimer Fund 

(Carl Holzheimer) 
The H. Earl Hoover 


(Mr. & Mrs. H. Earl 

The Horner Foundation 

(Mrs. Frederick Kempe) 
Mr. & Mrs. R. B. Hulsen 
Dr. Marvin R. Hyett 
Mr. & Mrs. Reinhardt H. 


Mr. & Mrs. Harold James 
The John M. & Mary A. 

Joyce Foundation 

(Thomas P. Joyce) 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank Kasper 
Mrs. Stanley Keith 
Oscar Kottmann, Jr. 
Mrs. Richard W. Leach 
Otto W. Lehmann 


(Robert O. Lehmann) 
The Leslie Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. John W. 


(John H. Leslie) 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Albert E. M. 

Mr. & Mrs. H. Norris Love 
Mr. & Mrs. Franklin J. 

Marquette Charitable 


(Mr. & Mrs. David C. 

Foster G. McGaw 


(Foster G. McGaw) 
Mr. & Mrs. John Meeker 
Mr. & Mrs. Hugo J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles A. 

Lillian Molner Charitable 


(Lillian Molner) 

Mr. & Mrs. Frank J. 

Mr. & Mrs. George V. 

Col. & Mrs. John B. Naser 
Mr. & Mrs Arthur C. 

Nielsen, Sr. 
Nuveen Benevolent Trust 

(Mrs. John Nuveen) 
Dorothy Wrigley OfTield 
Charity Fund 
(Mrs. James OfTield) 
Mr. & Mrs. Fredric G. Pick 
Mr. & Mrs. John T. Pirie, 

Mr. & Mrs. George A. 

James H. Ransom 
Mr. & Mrs. David W. 

Mrs. David Rhodes 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph E. Rich 
D & R Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Samuel R. 
The Arthur Rubloff Fund 

(Arthur Rubloff) 
Mrs. Dorothy S. 

The Seabury Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. John W. 
Seabury ) 
The Seattle Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. William S. 
Jeffrey Shedd 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey 

Mr. & Mrs. Edward B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Farwell Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas J. 

Mr. & Mrs. George T. 

Mrs. David B. Stern 
Mrs. Joseph True Steuer 
Mrs. R. Douglas Stuart 
Mr. & Mrs. William G. 

Swartchild, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward R. 

Estate of Dean Terrill 
The Thoresen Foundation 

(William E. Thoresen) 
Edmund B. Thornton 

Family Foundation 

(Mrs. George A. 

The Thorson Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Reuben 

Mr. & Mrs. Melvin A. 

Traylor, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Howard 

Dr. & Mrs. Philip C. 

James F. Young 
Claire B. Zeisler 


(Mrs. Claire Zeisler) 


DONATIONS OF $100 to $1,000 

Lester S. Abelson 


(Lester S. Abelson) 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard 

Mr. & Mrs. Alan L. Acker 
Mr. & Mrs. Cyrus H. 

Adams III 
Mr. & Mrs. Leland C. 

Dr. & Mrs. Robert Adler 
Thomas W. Alder 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter 

Louis A. Allen 
Mr. & Mrs. Stephen C. 

John G. Allerton 
Dr. & Mrs. Stephen C. 

Mrs. John W. Allyn 
Mr. & Mrs. Philip A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard H. 

Alsdorf Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. James 

Geraldine S. Alverez 

Gretchen F. Anderson 
Mr. & Mrs. Roger E. 

Thomas W. Andrews 
Mr. & Mrs. R. E. Angley 
Edward F. Anixter 
Arthur I. Appleton 


(Mr. & Mrs. Arthur I. 

Mr. & Mrs. James G. 

Mrs. Milton K. Arenburg 
Dr. & Mrs. Richard P. 

Brooks Armour 
Mr. & Mrs. M. K. Armour 
James C. Armstrong 
Mr. & Mrs. Jewel S. 

Mr. & Mrs. Julian 

Armstrong, Jr. 
Edward C. Austin 
Mr. & Mrs. Wallis Austin 
The Avery Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. William H. 

Dr. & Mrs. John P. Ayer 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas G. 

Mrs. Arthur A. Baer 
Mr. & Mrs. Russell M. 


E. M. Bakwin 
WiUard J. Ball 
Francis J. Barbaria 
George Hugh Barnard 
Mr. & Mrs. Steven J. 


F. Rose Ban- 
George Barr Foundation 

(Kristina & George 

Charles V. Barrett 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry 

Bartholomay III 
Mrs. Robert Bartlett 
George Bartoszek 
Mrs. George A. Basta 
Mr. & Mrs. Rex J. Bates 
Mr. & Mrs. John H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lee 

Robert C. Becherer 
Ethel G. Becker 
Mrs. James H. Becker 

Mr. & Mrs. John L. Bell 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward H. 

Bennett, Jr. 
Keith Bermett 
Mr. & Mrs. John P. Bent 
Mrs. Richard Bentley 
The Albert E. Berger 


(Miles Berger) 
Mr. & Mrs. Edwin A. 

Robert Bergman 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard C. 

Mr. & Mrs. R. Stephen 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Eugene 

Mr. & Mrs. David H. Betts 
Andrew P. Bieber 
Edward P. Bieber 
Mrs. John A. Bigler 
J. N. Bingham 
Mary Black 
Carolyn P. Blackmon 
Edith Blackwell 
Blake Blair 



(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Mr. & Mrs. Edward 

McCormick Blair 
Mr. & Mrs. Emmet R. 

Donald Blanke 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward F. 

W. R. Blew 
Mr. & Mrs. Andrew K. 

Mrs. Samuel W. Block 
Mrs. Edwin R. Blomquist 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter Blum 
Mrs. Thomas S. Blumer 
Mr. & Mrs. George V. 

Mr. & Mrs. Harold C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Donald B. 

Mr. & Mrs. CarlJ. Bohne, 

Mr. & Mrs. R. G. Bohnen 
William J. Bold 
Mr. & Mrs. William A. 

Mr. & Mrs. John Jay 

Borland II 
Ann Elizabeth Bouvier 
Lloyd W. Bowers 
Mr. & Mrs. William E. 

Paul F. Boyer 
The Svend & Elizabeth 

Bramsen Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Svend 

Bramsen i 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard J. 

William T. Branham 
Harvey W. Branigar, Jr. 
David P. Brannin 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert F. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard J. 

Wolf & Meiry Braun Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Julius 

Milton L. Braun Fund 

(Dr. & Mrs. Milton L. 

Lambert W. Bredehoft 
Mr. & Mrs. William E. 

Dr. & Mrs. Herbert C. 

Alice M. Bright 
Mrs. Lester Harris Brill 
Mr. & Mrs. Merwin Bristol 
Irene C. S. Brittingham 
Charles A. Brizzolara 
Mr. & Mrs. John W. Broad 
Alan R. Brodie 
M. Scott Bromwell 
Mr. & Mrs. Berwick R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Herbert C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. 

Baird Brown 

Mr. & Mrs. Cameron 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles Lee 

Mrs. Gardner Brown 
H. Templeton Brown 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry A. 

James Brown IV 
Mrs. William A. Brown, 

Aldis J. Browne, Jr. 
Auben Brunnemann 
Mrs. C. Lawrence 

Donald P. Buchanan 
Eugene D. Buchanan 
Dr. & Mrs. John R. 

Robert Buehler 
Mr. & Mrs. John P. Buesch 
James E. Burd 
Mrs. Alfred L. Burke 
Mrs. Thomas B. Burke 
Homer A. Burnell 
Malcolm W. Burnett 
Mrs. Joseph A. Burnham 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward J. 

Dr. & Mrs. Dan Y. Burrill 
George S. Burrows 
Robert S. Burrows 
Mr. & Mrs. Myles Busse 
Mrs. Gerald M. Butler 
John C. Butler 
Robert B. Butz 
Mr. & Mrs. William T. 

Mr. & Mrs. Hugh 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert H. 

Raymond Carlen 
Carlin Fund 

(Leo J. Carlin) 
Peter R. Carney 
Mr. & Mrs. William J. 

Mrs. William Roy Carney 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas 

Mr. & Mrs. Champ Carry 
Mr. & Mrs. Vernon 

Silas S. Cathcart 
Mrs. Hammond E. 

Mr. & Mrs. R. M. 

Champion, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry T. 

Kent Chandler. Jr. 
Caroline S. & George S. 

Chappell, Jr. Charitable 


(Mr. & Mrs. George S. 

Chappell. Jr.) 
Benedict D. Chaps 
Dr. & Mrs. Allan G. 

Dr. & Mrs. Joseph A. 


Dr. & Mrs. Eugene J. 

Mr. & Mrs. W. T. Chester 
Frederick Newell Childs 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles 

Dr. G. L. Christopher 
Mr. & Mrs. Weston R. 

Mrs. Freeman S. Church 
Robert B. Clark 
Zeta E. Clark 
Clarke Foundation, Inc. 

(Mr. & Mrs. John 

Walter Clarke) 
Robert L. Claus 
Max Clausen 
Mr. & Mrs. John Clemmer 
Marion Clow 
John S. Cochran 
Mrs. Eric W. Cochrane 
Saul Cohen 
Charles P. Coleman 
Mr. & Mrs. John C. 

John E. Coleman 
Mr. & Mrs. William 

Mr. & Mrs. Earle Combs 

Philip Conley 
James P. Connelly 
Sister Madeline S. Cooney 
Mr. & Mrs. Stanton R. 

J. Frank Cornille 
William J. Costello 
Mr. & Mrs. Donald C. 

Cottrell, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. James R. 

Mr. & Mrs. William S. 

Alfred Cowles 
Thomas R. Coyne 
Mrs. Norman L. Cram 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur A. 

Cramer, Jr. 
Mrs. William A. Crane 
Mr. & Mrs. William A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Newell P. 

Michael Cudaihy, Sr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank CuUotta 
Edward M. Cummings 
Tilden Cummings 
Mrs. Daniel R. 

Thomas B. Curtis 
Edward A. Cushman 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul W. Cutler 
Dr. & Mrs. Robert P. 

Benjamin Daidone 
Carolyn Dailey 
Mr. & Mrs. Loren Daily 
Edward C. Dapples 
Mr. & Mrs. Leonard S. 

Evelyn R. Davidson 

Mr. & Mrs. Louis E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph P. 

Percy B. Davis 
Mr. & Mrs. William R. 

Betty Lane DeLong 
Mrs. Charles S. DeLong 
Mrs. R. J. DeMotte 
Bruce Dean 
Mr. & Mrs. R. Emmett 

Mr. & Mrs. George P. 

Virginia L. Denney 
Doris Devine 
Mrs. Edison Dick 
Mr. & Mrs. Martin J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Duane A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Don Diekman 
Mr. & Mrs. W. S. Dillon 
William R. Dillon 
Mr. & Mrs. Stewart S. 

Mrs. Wesley M. Dixon 
Michael Dloogatch 
Mrs. Edmund J. Doering 
Robert Don 

Mrs. Alanson J. Donald 
Dr. & Mrs. Alan W. 

James R. Donnelley 
James F. Donovan 
Mrs. Robert D. Dooley 
Mr. & Mrs. Allen M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Gary R. Dom 
Mr. & Mrs. James H. 

Douglas, Jr. 
William C. Douglas 
Mr. & Mrs. H. James 

Dimmick D. Drake 
Mrs. Lyman M. Drake, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Jurgen 

Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Burton Duffie 

Miss Viola Ruth Dunbar 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul R. 

Mr. & Mrs. William J. 

Florence P. Eckfeldt 
Mrs. Percy B. Eckhart 
Sigmund E. Edelstone 


(Mr. & Mrs. Sigmund 

Edelstone I 
Ross Edman 
John S. Edwards 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert C. 

Gerald J. Eger 
Mr. & Mrs. Marvin W. 



(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Joseph S. Ehrman 
Mr. & Mrs. William J. 

Guida C. Eldorado 
Mr. & Mrs. F. Osborne 

Caryl L. Elsey 
M. Caroline Emich 
E. Stanley Enlund 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Donald E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Terry 

Robert G. Ettelson 
Mrs. Bergen Evans 
Mr. & Mrs. Clay Evans 
Kenneth A. Evans 
Mr. & Mrs. Gordon R. 

Lucy F. Fairbank 
Paul E. Fanta 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard J. 

Mrs. Henry Faurot, Jr. 
Mrs. Robert Faurot 
William E. Fay, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Milton R. 

Mr. & Mrs. R. W. Ferguson 
Mrs. Robert B. Ferguson 
Nello V' . Ferrara 
Mrs. Ann C. Field 
Mr. & Mrs. William H. 

Patrick S. Filter 
William Finkl 
Lawrence R. Fisher 
Mr. & Mrs. Russell Fisher 
Morlan Fiterman 
Mrs. Mildred C. Fletcher 
Mr. & Mrs. James G. Flood 
Mr. & Mrs. William 

Mr. & Mrs. Harold M. 

Dr. & Mrs. Vladimir C. 

Eileen M. Foell 
Dwight Follett 
Mr. & Mrs. Edwin S. Ford 
Mr. & Mrs. James B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard 

Ceroid B. Frank 
Mr. & Mrs. Marshall 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles P. A. 

Mrs. Clare Franklin 
Vincent C. Freda 
Christabel Frederick 
Mr. & Mrs. Norman 

Mr. & Mrs. George S. 

Robert A. Fried 
Mr. & Mrs. Herbert A. 

Mrs. Allan Friedman 

William J. & Irene J. 
Friedman Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. William J. 
Friedman I 
Mr. & Mrs. Ted Frison 
Fulk Family Charitable 

(Mr. & Mrs. R. Neal 
William W. Fullagar 
Mr. & Mrs. Douglas R. 

Rudolph R. Gabriel 
Mr. & Mrs. George H. 

The Gaiter Foundation 

(Jack Gaiter) 
F. Sewall Gardner 
Henry K. Gardner 
Mr. & Mrs. William P. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard I. 

Mr. & Mrs. John J. Gearen 
Dr. & Mrs. John E. Gedo 
Mrs. H. Hunter Gehlbach 
Thomas A. Gelderman 
Mrs. Maurice Patrick 

Mr. & Mrs. G. F. Gerk 
Mr. & Mrs. Isak V. Gerson 
Mr. & Mrs. James R. Getz 
Mrs. Adele Gidwitz 
Joseph L. Gidwitz 
Hertha Giffey 
Mr. & Mrs. Francis E, 

Mrs. Mary R. Gilkey 
The J. William Gimbel, Jr. 
& Odell B. Gimbel 

(J. William Gimbel, Jr. I 
(Odell B. Gimbel I 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Alfred E. 

The Glore Fund 
(Mr. & Mrs. Robert 
Hixon Glore) 
Albert H. & lona D. Glos 
(Mrs. Albert H. Glos) 
Dr. & Mrs. Alphonse 

Mr. & Mrs. Vernon 

Mrs. Elizabeth Goerke 
Mr. & Mrs. Bertrand 

Mr. & Mrs. David F. 

Mr. & Mrs. Milton D. 

Mr. & Mrs. Morton Lewis 

Mrs. Howard Goodman 
Mr. & Mrs. Herman J. 

Mr. & Mrs. John H. Grace, 

Mrs. Joseph Y. Grade 

Mr. & Mrs. Bruce J. 

Julia Granby 
Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Gray 
Mr. & Mrs. William S. 

Dr. & Mrs. Donald C. 

Arthur L. Green 
Mrs. John K. Greene 
Mary K. Greensfelder 
Clarence T. Gregg 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward D. 

Carroll L. Griffith & 
Sylvia M. Griffith 
(Mrs. Carroll L. 
Mr. & Mrs. George 

Mr. & Mrs. Fred H. Groen, 

Mr. & Mrs. Harold 

Mr. & Mrs. Ernest A. 

Grunsfeld III 
Charles V. Grumwell 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Solomon 

Edward F. Gurka, Jr. 
Dr. & Mrs. Edwin L. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert P. 

Dr. & Mrs. Ralph F. Haag 
Charles C. Haffner III 
Dr. & Mrs. Thomas A. 

Mr. & Mrs. J. Parker Hall 
Mr. & Mrs. John M. Hall 
W. J. Halligan 
Mr. & Mrs. Andrew C. 

Eva Hamilton 
Mr. & Mrs. Martin Hanley 
George D. Hardin 
Charitable Trust 
(George D. Hardin) 
James D. Harper, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Chauncy D. 

The Harris Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. Irving B. 
Marian S. Harris 
Mrs. Mortimer B. Htirris 
Mr. & Mrs. Stanley G. 

Harris, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Houston 

Mrs. Augustin S. Hart, Jr. 
Mrs. James M. Hart 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert S. 

Mr. & Mrs. Sidney G. 

Mrs. Jerome Hasterlik 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Walter 

Mr. & Mrs. John F. 

Mrs. William H. Hazlett 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Heagy 
Jerome M. Healy 
Grace C. Hefner 
G. W. Heidrick 
Mrs. Wilfred H. Heitmann 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard G. 

Mr. & Mrs. Samuel L. 

O. L. Henninger 
Mr. & Mrs. Daniel J. 

Mary K. Henry 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold H. 

Richard P. Herman 
Elton A. Herrick III 
Harry G. Hershenson 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank Hess 
Mrs. John Heymann 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward H. 

Burd Hikes 
Charles M. Hines 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold H. 

Hines, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Donald M. 

Edwin W. Hirsch 
Mrs. Robert Hixon 
George S. Hoban 
J. & M. H. Trust 

(Mr. & Mrs. John H. 

Hobart ) 
Bert J. Hoddinott 
Shirley L. Hodge 
Mrs. William R. Hodgson 
Grace & Edwin E. Hokin 


(Mr. & Mrs. Edwin B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Gerald HoUins 
Mrs. William Hollweg 
Mr. & Mrs. Phillip H. 

Mr. & Mrs. V. V. 

Mr. & Mrs. Stanley H. 

Mr. & Mrs. George F. 

Frances Hooper 
Mr. & Mrs. William D. 

Home, Jr. 
Mrs. Irvin E. Houck 
James D. Houy 
Howell H. Howard 
Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence 

Frank Hroch 
Mr. & Mrs. Lincoln B. 

Mrs. Otis L. Hubbard, Sr. 
Ronald J. Hubka 
Katherine J. Hudson 
James P. Hume 
Mrs. William O. Hunt 




(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Mr. & Mrs. John B. 

John S. Hutehins 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert F. 

Michael L. Igoe, Jr. 
Charles Iker 
Robert F. Inger 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert S. 

Mrs. S. L. IngersoU 
Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Insull, 

Hans D. Isenberg 


(Hans D. Isenberg) 
George S. Isham 
Mrs. G. H. R. Jackson 
Carl B. Jacobs 
Mr. & Mrs. Frederick G. 

Dr. Helge M. Janson 
Robert W. Janssen 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Albert E. 

Jenner, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Raymond J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Carl A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Henry A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard L. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert L. 

Edward R. Johnston 
Dr. Olga Jonasson 
Mrs. Pierce Jones 
Mrs. Robert V. Jones 
Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Joy ner 
Mrs. C. C. Jung 
Mrs. Charles F. Kahn 
Mr. & Mrs. Louis S. 

Patricia M. Kammerer 
Dr. & Mrs. Alan Kanter 
Mr. & Mrs. Morris A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Byron C. 

Lawrence KasakofT 
Mr. & Mrs. Francis E. 

Mrs. Frank Katzin 
Edward Keating 
Willard W. Keith 
Dr. Algimantas Kelertas 
Mr. & Mrs. C. J. Kelleher 
Mr. & Mrs. John P. Keller 
Thomas H. Keller, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank J. 

Mr. & Mrs. W. Keith 

Kellog II 
Donald P. Kelly 
Ernest B. Kelly, Jr. 
George G. Kelly 
Philip L. Kennedy 
Mrs. Richard L. Kennedy 
Taylor L. Kennedy 

Charles C. Kerwin 
Mrs. E. Ogden Ketting 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert M. 

Dr. & Mrs. Joseph Kiefer 
Mrs. Ansel M. Kinney 
John J. Kinsella 
Robert S. Kinsey 
Mrs. Weymouth Kirkland 
Mr. & Mrs. Clayton 

Kirkpa trick 
Charles Kirschner 
Mr. & Mrs. James M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Stephen 

Mr. & Mrs. Arthur R. 

Arthur B. Knight 
John S. Knight 
R.G.& EM. Knight Fund 

(Mrs. Robert G. Knight) 
Leo P. Knoerzer 
Mr. & Mrs. Lance L. Knox 
Maurice G. Knoy 
Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey 

Dorothy E. Koch 
Raymond F. Koch 
Mr. & Mrs. Ervin Kodat 
Laird, Norton Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Martin J. 

Korhumel Foundation 

(Newton F. Korhumel I 
Mr. & Mrs. Albert 

Peter J. Kosiba 
Robert S. Kosin 
Igor Kovac 
Mary C. Kraft 
William F. Krahl III 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter 

Irene O. Kreer 
Dr. & Mrs. Bertram 

Leonard S. Kriser 
Kenneth Kroehler 
Mr. & Mrs. W. A. Kroeplin 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter A. 

Krolski, Jr. 
Albert Kunstadter Family 


(Mrs. Sigmund 

Mrs. Louis B. 

Louise H. Kurfess 
Mr. & Mrs. William O. 

Kurtz, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Ed Lace 
Mrs. Jessie LaCombe 
Mrs. Louise E. Laflin, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. William J. 

Melvin M. Landau 
Mr. & Mrs. Gordon Lang 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph B. 

Earl D. Larsen 

Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth R. 

Harry Lasch 
The Viola Aloe Laski 

Charitable Trust 

(Mrs. Norman Laski) 
George P. Latchford III 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold G. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles P. 

Celeste R. Lavelli 
Mr. & Mrs. William J. 

Philip C. Leavitt 
Mr. & Mrs. Philip C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Herbert Lee 
The Leffman Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Paul H. 

Leffman ) 
Mrs. Isabelleta Legg 
Otto W. Lehmann 


(Robert O. Lehmann) 
Edward L. Lembitz 
Richard A. Lenon 
John H. Leslie 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lettsome 
Charles and Ruth Levy 


(Charles Levy) 
John S. Lillard 
Thomas M. Lillard, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert M. 

Terence Lilly 
Albert J. Lindar 
Mrs. Charlotte T. Lindar 
Mrs. Howard Linn 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul Linton 
Mrs. Chapin S. Litten 
W. John Little 
Dr. & Mrs. W. C. Liu 
Mrs. Homer J. Livingston 
Mrs. Joseph F. Lizzadro 
Mrs. Glen A. Lloyd 
Dr. & Mrs. David J. 

L. R. Lock 

Dr. & Mrs. J. C. Lockhart 
Jerrold Loebl 
Mr. & Mrs. John W. 

Mrs. Edward J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard J. 

Loewenthal, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. John O. Logan 
Mary Longbrake 
John S. Lord 
China R. Loring 
Mrs. John J. Louis 
Mrs. A. L. Lovell 
Mrs. Curtis Lowell 
Charles W. Lubin 
Earle Ludgin 
Louise Lutz 
Mr. & Mrs. William D. 

Russell P. MacFall 

Mac Fund 

(M/M David O. 

Dr. & Mrs. Wallace D. 

Mr. & Mrs. John A. 

MacLean, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Albert H. 

J. DeNavarre Macomb, Jr. 
Mrs. Roderick 

Mr. & Mrs. J. Michael 

Mrs. Albert F. Madlener, 

Lorraine Madsen 
Vivian Mahan 
Louis R. Main 
Phillip S. Makin 
Edith Grimm Malone 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert H. 

Fransean Mance 
Paul J. Mandabach 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul J. 

Mandabach, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Jerome 

James E. Mandler 
Harold & Edna Manhoff 


(Mr. & Mrs. Harold 

John F. Mannion 
Melinda Manoni 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles S. 

Mr. & Mrs. Steven C. 

Richard E.&FrancellaW. 

Marcus Family 


(Dr. & Mrs. Richard E. 

Mr. & Mrs. S. Edward 

Dr. & Mrs. Lawrence N. 

R. Bailey Markham 
Mrs. Gilbert H. 

McKim Marriott 
Mr. & Mrs. Virgil C. 

Mrs. Keith Masters 
Dr. & Mrs. Glenn Mather 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas N. 

Mr. & Mrs. Russell 

Augustus K. Maxwell, Jr. 
Robert E. Maxwell 
Mrs. Frank D. Mayer, Sr. 
Frank D. Mayer, Jr. 
James G. Maynard 
George A. C. McBride 
John F. McCarthy 
Mr. & Mrs. Archibald 

Mr. & Mrs. Myrl A. 



(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Dr. & Mrs. Robert 

Dr. Walter C. McCrone 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul D. 

Mr. & Mrs. C. Bouton 

Mr. & Mrs. Remick 

Dr & Mrs. Ernest G. 

Charles S. McGill 
John E. McGovem, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. William B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Howard A. 

Mr. & Mrs. William W. 

Annie May McLucas 


(Mr. & Mrs. Don H. 

Mr. & Mrs. J. Andrew 

Mr. & Mrs. Earl McNeil 
Mrs. Albert 

Helen Mayer Medgyesy 
L. Steven Medgyesy 
Henry W. Meers Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Henry W. 

Meers I 
Mr. & Mrs. Joe A. Meisel 

Mr. & Mrs. Ronald Mc K. 

Dr. & Mrs. James W. 

Mr. & Mrs. Glenn E. 

Beverly Meyer 
Mrs. Lee Meyer 
Dr. & Mrs. Richard S. 

Mrs. Vernon Meyer 
Bert H. Michelsen 
Andrew Michyeta, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Lee Miglin 
Dr. & Mrs. C. Philip Miller 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold L. 

Homer Miller 
Mrs. J. Roscoe Miller 
Mr. & Mrs. Phillip L. 

Dr. Shelby A. Miller 
Robert L. Milligan 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold J. Mills 
Frank R. Milnor 
Mr. & Mrs. Newton Minow 
Myron Minuskin 
Anne E. Miotke 
Thomas M. Mints, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Ned E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Samuel 

Mr. & Mrs. B. John Mix, 

Sharon Moehling 

Mr. & Mrs. H. G. 

Marion Molyneaux 
Henry I. Monheimer 
Dr. & Mrs. Evan G. Moore 
Mr. & Mrs. J. Garland 

Mr. & Mrs. John H. 

Margaret Morgan 
Jerrold L. Morris 
George L. Morrow 
Mrs. John Morrow, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Horace C. 

Moses, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Rudolph A. 

Manly W. Mumford 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas G. 

Jeanne E. Murray 
Mr. & Mrs. William E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Arno R. Myers 
Gerald E. Myers 
Mrs. Harold B. Myers 
Bernard Nath 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas 

Mary C. Neal 
Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth 

Mr. & Mrs. Walter A. 

Mrs. John C. Nevins 
Mr. & Mrs. Shel 

Mr. & Mrs. J. R. Newgard 
Mrs. Karl H. Newhouse 
Frank B. Nichols 
George G. Nichols, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. George G. 

Nichols, Sr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Philip H. 

Dr. & Mrs. Charles 

Francis Nims 
Mr. & Mrs. Hans Nissel 
The Murray and Grace 
Nissman Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. Murray 
Mr. & Mrs. Ronald D. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ronald 

Francis A. Nolan 
Karen Nordheim 
Harold W. Norman 
Mr. & Mrs. Karl F. Nygren 
Mr. & Mrs. Emmitt M. 

Lawrence L. O'Connor 
Robert J. O'Connor 
Francis X. O'Donnell 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert O'Hara 
Mr. & Mrs. DeWitt 

Mrs. Patrick L. O'Malley 

Mr. & Mrs. John J. 

William R. Odell 
Paul E. Ogle 
Dr. & Mrs. Henry B. 

Dr. & Mrs. Eric Oldberg 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry M. 

Oliver, Jr. 
Mrs. Edward H. 
Seymour Oppenheimer 
Mr. & Mrs. W. Irving 

Osborne, Jr. 
Mrs. Gilbert H. Osgood 
Garj- M. Ossewaarde 
James Otis, Jr. 
Stuart H. Otis 
John Ekern Ott 
Mrs. Richard C. Oughton 
David B. Owen 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry O. 

Owen, Jr. 
Sarah R. Packard 
Mrs. Walter Paepcke 
Mr. & Mrs. Fred P. Page, 

Mr. & Mrs. George Pagels 
Dr. & Mrs. Walter L. 

Karl R. Palmer 
Dr. Frank B. Papiemiak 
Dr. Linda Parenti 
Mr. & Mrs. Ben Parker 
Mr. & Mrs. Norman S. 

Dr. & Mrs. Francis M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Keith Parsons 
Mr. & Mrs. Lloyd C. 

Dr. & Mrs. Luke R. 

Dr. Joan E. Patterson 
Fran Paulson 
William Pavey 
Mrs. Henry D. Paxson 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert D. 

Charles D. Peacock III 
Mr. & Mrs. Philip W. Peck 
Mr. & Mrs. J. O. Peckham, 

John H. Perkins 
Mr. & Mrs. J. Scott Perry 
Edward Peterlee 
Mr. & Mrs. Donald Peters 
Katherine Pettit 
Margaret C. Peyton 
J. Francis Pfrank 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert Picken 
Mr. & Mrs. Allan M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Harry Pierce 
Paul Pierce, Jr. 
Robert R. Pierson 
Mr. & Mrs. Roy J. Pierson 
Mrs. Gordon L. Pirie 
Sherwood K. Piatt 
George B. Pletsch 
Mr. & Mrs. Irving B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Maurice A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Oren T. 

Mr. & Mrs. Randolph H. 

Mrs. Harold M. Pond 
Mr. & Mrs. George A. 

Edward C. Porter 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles S. 

Albert W. Potts 
Mr. & Mrs. Eugene L. 

Mr. & Mrs. George C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert T. 

Robert C. Preble, Sr. 
Adeline J. Price 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward S. 

Stanley R. Pringle 
Frank O. Prior 
Joseph Prokop 
Mr. & Mrs. John A. 

Mr. & Mrs. George B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Rada, 

Richard J. Radebaugh 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank X. Raidl 
Mr. & Mrs. L. S. Raisch 
Mary E. Rail 
Allen N. Ransom 
Mr. & Mrs. F. R. Rapids 
Martha L. Ravlin 
Kathleen Ray 
Albert L. Raymond 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank S. Read 
William M. Redfield 
Gertrude E. Reeb 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles A,. 

Mr. & Mrs. Frank F. Reed 
Permelia P. Reed 
Dr. Clifton L. Reeder 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard C. 

Mrs. Robert G. Regan 
Thomas J. Regan 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph 

Regenstein, Jr. 
Ruth Regenstein 
Robert H. Reid 
Margaret Reidy 
Marie K. Remien 
Myron J. Resnick 
Robert F. Reusche 
Ada K. Rew 

Thomas A. Reynolds, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur L. Rice 
Hilda C. Rice 
Dr. & Mrs. Eugene S. 

Richardson, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Laurence M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Raymond G. 




(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles Ritten 

Ruth A. Roberg 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles S. 

Harriett Roberts 
Mrs. June Roberts 
Mrs. Mary D. Roberts 
Shepherd M. Roberts 
R. W. Robinson 
Sanger P. and Martha F. 
Robinson Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. Sanger P. 
Theodore W. and Annabel 
A. Robinson Foundation 
(Mr. & Mrs. Theodore 
W, Robinson) 
Edwin O. Robson and 
Elizabeth S. Robson 
Foundation, Inc. 
(Mr. & Mrs. Edwin O. 
Alden A. Rockwell 
The Milius Roe 
(Mrs. Frederick Roe) 
Mr. & Mrs. Ottomar D. 

William R. Rom 
Harry A. Root, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Philip 

Mrs. Magnus B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Marvin D. 

Mr. & Mrs. Gerson M. 

Rosenthal, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Samuel R. 

Daniel Rostenkowski 
Dorothy Rostov 
Mr. & Mrs. Edwin A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Henry N. 

Dr. & Mrs. Wilbur Rowley 
Mr. & Mrs. D. G. Ruegg 
John W. Ruettinger 
Dr. & Mrs. Charles 

Mrs. Paul Russell 
Dr. & Mrs. John Rust 
David C. Ruttenberg 
Mrs. Charles W. Ryan 
George A. Sacher 
Mr. & Mrs. Ben Sackheim 
Josephine Sackheim 
Judd Sackheim 
Mr. & Mrs. Michael 

Mr. & Mrs. Anthony C. 

Mr. & Mrs. Harold R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Henry T. 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas R. 

Margaret H. Sanderson 

Mrs. Gene Saper 
Chester F. Sargent 
Mrs. Inez Saunders 
Dr. Muriel Savage 
Mr. & Mrs. Calvin P. 

Sax Family Foundation 

(Leonard B. Sax) 
Philip Schaff, Jr. 
Mrs. L. L. Schaffner 
Mr. & Mrs. Francis R. 

Marion H. Schenk 
Mrs. Gerhart Schild 
Marvin H. Schmitt 
Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence 

Mr. & Mrs. Norman J. 

Mr. & Mrs. Melvin 

Arraund J. Schoen 
Dr. & Mrs. Sidney 

W. F. Schroeder 
Mr. & Mrs. Walter E. 

Mrs. Arthur W. Schultz 
Mr. & Mrs. Sam Schultz 
Mr. & Mrs. Maurice D. 

Dr. & Mrs. Steven 

Dr. J. P. Schweitzer 
Dr. & Mrs. John S. 

Willis H. Scott 
Gilbert H. Scribner, Jr. 
A. T. Seaholm 
Mr. & Mrs. Fred Seaholm 
Frank Sedlacek 
Mr. & Mrs. Noel M. 

Seeburg, Jr. 
Virginia Seeman 
Mrs. Charles H. Seevers 
Dr. Rueben Segal 
Edwin A. Seipp, Jr. 
Denise Selz 
Mr. & Mrs. C. Olin 

Mr. & Mrs. E. G. Sexton 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert M. 

The Phihp A. Shapiro 

Foundation, Inc. 

(Mrs. Philip A. Shapiro I 
Mr. & Mrs. John I. Shaw 
Mrs. Charles C. Shedd 
Chester Shell 
James G. Shennan 
Louise Sherman 
Mr. & Mrs. John W. 

Mr. & Mrs. DeVer Sholes 
Mary Shrimplin 
Mr. & Mrs. John G. Sickle 
Mr. & Mrs. Elliot M. 

Peter Siegel 
Mr. & Mrs. Louis 


Mrs. C. W. Sills 

Mr. & Mrs. Jack Silver 

Mr. & Mrs. Elwyn L. 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard W. 

Mr. & Mrs. John R. 

Ross D. Siragusa, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Ira R. Slagter 
The William & Louis 

Slavin Foundation 

(Louis Slavin) 

(William Slavin) 
Mr. & Mrs. Belford A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert W. 

George Smith III 
(3off Smith 
Harold Byron Smith 
Harold Byron Smith, Jr. 
Mildred C. Smith 
Mrs. Raymond F. Smith 
Solomon Byron Smith 
Dr. & Mrs. Daniel 

Mrs. John I. Snyder, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Fred 

Soderberg, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Sam Soifer 
Mr. & Mrs. John F. 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph 

Hugo and Virginia B. 


Charitable Fund 

(Mrs. Hugo 

Louise Sonoda 
Mr. & Mrs. Alan Sons 
James P. Soper, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. W. F. Souder, 

Mr, & Mrs. Jack D. Sparks 
Mr. & Mrs. Allen P. 

Mrs. Lyle M. Spencer 
Clara Spiegel 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Spiel 
Mrs. Joel Spitz 
Mrs. Pericles P. Stathas 
Edward Stauber 
Clarke C. Stayman 
Albert O. Steffey 
Mrs. Henry L. Stein 
La Salle Adams Fund 

(Sydney Stein, Jr.) 
Russell T. Stem, Sr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard D. 

Mr. & Mrs. Hal S. R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert C. 

Marvin and Anita Stone 

Family Foundation 

(Marvin N. Stone) 
Emted Stone Fund 

(Mrs. Theodore Stone) 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas H. 

Smith W. Storey 
Mrs. Robert E. Straus 
Mrs. Harold E. Strauss 
The R. I. S. Foundation 

(Mr. & Mrs. Ivan G. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles L. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Norman 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert D. 

Frances Studebaker 
Mr. & Mrs. Erwin A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Carroll H. 

Sudler, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. James L. 

Mr. & Mrs. Marshall 

Mrs. Harry B. Sutter 
David F. Swain 
James Swarm 
Mr. & Mrs. James 

Mr. & Mrs. Karl A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Philip W. K. 

Mr. & Mrs. A. Dean Swift 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward F. 

Swift III 
George H. Swift, Jr. 
Mrs. Gustavus F. Swift, 

Mr. & Mrs. Louis 

Mr. & Mrs. James M. Tait 
Stanley J. Tanan 
Rodger M. Tauman 
Mrs. A. Thomas Taylor 
Mr. & Mrs. William L. 

Taylor, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Michael 

Mr. & Mrs. Nels Tessem 
Carol Thomas 
Lucia T. Thomas 
Mr. & Mrs. Richard L. 

Mrs. Thomas M. Thomas 
Mr. & Mrs. Raymond E. 

Mrs. Thomas M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Bruce Thome 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Philip R. 

Martin Topaz 
Mrs. Wilfred Tracy 
(ieorge S. Trees, Jr. 
Dr. & Mrs. Michael R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lee Trillich 
Jere Lynn Truex 


(Individuals' donations of less than $1,000) 

Mr. & Mrs. Norman 

Robert Wood Tullis 
Mrs. George C. TumbuU 
Mr. & Mrs. Allen M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles I. 

Mrs. Lynn Turner 
Robert C. Tweit 
Mr. & Mrs. Edgar J. 

Uihlein, Jr. 
Virginia A. Ure 
Mrs. Derrick Vail 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry G. Van 

Der Eb 
Dr. & Mrs. Jack Van Elk 
Mrs. R. D. Van Kirk 
Ann T. Van Roosevelt 
Mr. & Mrs. Herbert A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Blair Vedder, 

Robert Veles 

Mr. & Mrs. M. P. Venema 
Dr. Charles S. Vil 
Jo Anne Vogt 
Dr. & Mrs. Ernest H. 

Dr. & Mrs. Harold C. Voris 
Mrs. Frederick G. Wacker 
Dr. Harry K. Waddington 
Edwin A. Walcher, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Ives Waldo, Jr. 
C. R. Walgreen, Jr. 
Mrs. Robert Walker 

Mrs. Samuel J. Walker 
Mrs. Robert P. Wallace 
Mr. & Mrs. Milton H. 

Mrs. J. Anthony Ward 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert T. Ward 
Mrs. Hempstead 

Washburne, Sr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Hempstead 

Washburne, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Morrison 

William D. Weaver 
Richard E. Webber 
Morris S. Weeden 
Jack Weisman 
Mr. & Mrs. William B. 

Carl J. Weitzel 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul A. 

Mr. & Mrs. Edwin C. 

Medard W. Welch 
Mrs. Donald P. Welles 
Mrs. Edward K. Welles 
Mrs. John Paul Welling 
Mrs. Preston A. Wells 
Mrs. Thomas E. Wells, Jr. 
F. Lee H. Wendell 
Rupert Wenzel 
The Louis Werner Fund 

(Mr. & Mrs. Louis 

Richard Wessling 

Mr. & Mrs. Arthur H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Frank O. 

Wetmore II 
The Wharton Foundation, 


(Mrs. Joseph P. 

Wharton, Jr. I 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry P. 

Dr. & Mrs. Jesse K. 

Dr. Lewis F. Wheelock 
Mr. & Mrs. Jay N. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert 

Mr. & Mrs. Lee E. 

Mr. & Mrs. Jack M. 

Whitney II 
Russell M. Wicks 
Mr. & Mrs. John L. Wier 
Mrs. Harry C. Wiess 
Dr. & Mrs. George D. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence G. 

Mr & Mrs. Bradford Wiles 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph R. 

Mrs Howard L. Willett, 

Mrs. Albert D. Williams, 


Mr. & Mrs. Albert D. 

Williams, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry J. 

Melville C. Williams 
Mr. & Mrs. A. G. Willis 
John P. Wilson, Jr. 
Mrs. Mary Wilson 
Robert M. Wilson 
Mr. & Mrs. William R. 

James R. Wimmer 
Mr. & Mrs. Gibson Winter 
Mr. & Mrs. William W. 

Mr. & Mrs. Arnold R. 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Wolff 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur M. 

Mr. & Mrs. J. Howard 

Mrs. Robert E. Wood 
Mrs. Ruby K. Worner 
Mr. & Mrs. Michael S. 

Theodore N. Yelich 
Mrs. George B. Young 
Dr. & Mrs. Canaan 

Mr. & Mrs. Carl M. 

Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth V. 



DONATIONS OF $5,000 or more 

Abbott Laboratories 
Allen-Heath Memorial 

The Allstate Foundation 
American National Bank 

and Trust Co. of Ch icago 

Amsted Industries 

Amoco Foundation 
Arthur Andersen & 

Atlantic Richfield 

CNA Foundation 
Chicago Bridge & Iron 

Chicago Community 

Chicago Tribune 

Commonwealth Edison 

Consolidated Foods 


Container Corporation of 

Continental Bank 

Charitable Foundation 
The DeSoto Foundation 
The A. B. Dick Foundation 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons 

Ernst & Ernst 
Esmark, Inc. Foundation 
FMC Foundation 
Field Enterprises 

Charitable Corporation 
First National Bank of 

Chicago Foundation 
General Electric Company 
General Mills Foundation 
HBB Foundation 
Harris Bank Foundation 
Walter E. Heller 

Household Finance 

IMC Foundation 

Illinois Bell Telephone 

Illinois Tool Works 

Inland Steel-Ryerson 

International Business 

Machines Corp. 
International Harvester 

Jewel Foundation 
The Joyce Foundation 
Kraft, Inc. 

Oscar Mayer Foundation 
McGraw-Edison Company 
Robert R. McCormick 

Charitable Trust 
McDonald's System, Inc 
Montgomery Ward 

The Nalco Foundation 
The Northern Trust 

Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & 


Peoples Gas Company 
The Albert Pick, Jr. Fund 
Frederick Henry Prince 

Quaker Oats Foundation 
S&C Electric Company 
Sahara Coal Company 
Dr. Scholl Foundation 
Sears, Roebuck & 

UOP Foundation 
Union Oil Company of 

California Foundation 
United Air Lines 

United States Gypsum 

The Victor Foundation 
Walgreen Benefit Fund 
Woods Charitable Fund, 

Xerox Corporation 
Arthur Young & Company 



(Corporations' and Foundations' donations of $1,000-$5,000) 

DONATIONS OF $1 ,000 - $5,000 

AT & T Long Lines 

Multigraph Corporation 
Anixter Bros., Inc. 
Armak Company 

Laboratories, Inc. 
Belden Corporation 
Bethlehem Steel 

Borg-Wamer Foundation, 

Brown & Root, Inc. 
The Brunswick 

Foundation, Inc. 
The Bunker-Ramo 

Foundation, Inc. 
Burlington Northern 

Leo Burnett Company, 

Campbell-Mitheen, Inc. 
Canteen Corporation 
Carson Pirie Scott 

Central Steel & Wire 

Central Telephone Co. of 

Chemetron Foundation 
Cherry Electrical 

Products Corp. 
Chicago Bears Football 

Chicago & Northwestern 

Transportation Co. 
Chicago Title & Trust Co. 

Chicago White Metal 

Charitable Foundation 
Clow Foundation 
Combustion Engineering, 

Crane Packing Company 

Dana Corporation 

Foundation (Victor 

Products Division) 
Daniel J. Edelman, Inc. 
Federal Signal 

Foote, Cone & Belding 
GATX Corporation 
G-N Distributing 

General Motors 

Corporation (Fisher 

Body Division) 
General Service 

The General Tire 

Foundation, Inc. 
Geraldi-Norton Memorial 

Max Goldenberg 

Great Lakes Dredge & 

Dock Company 
Hart, Schaffner & Marx 

Charitable Foundation 
Heaven II Foundation, 

Walter E. Heller & 

Edward Hines Lumber 

Company (Ehlco 

I C Industries 
Interlake Foundation 
Intermatic Incorporated 
George E. Johnson 

Foundation, Inc. 
Johnson & Higgins of 

Illinois, Inc. 
Kirkland & Ellis 
LaSalle National Bank 
Bertha Le Bus Charitable 

Liquid Carbonic 


MacLean-Fogg Company 
Marquette Charitable 

Masonite Corporation 
James McHugh 

Construction Company 
McKinsey & Company 
McMaster-Carr Supply 

McNulty Brothers 

Midwest Iron Works, Inc. 
Miller-Davis Company 
Mitchell & Hutchins, Inc. 

John Mohr & Sons 
Morrison Construction 

Motorola Foundation 
The L. E. Myers Company 
National Boulevard 

New York Life Insurance 

Northeast Foods, Inc. 
Northern Illinois Gas 
Northwest Industries 

Foundation, Inc. 
Oak Park Trust & Savings 

J. C. Penney Company, 

Pepsico Foundation 

(Frito-Lay, Inc) 
George Pick & Company 
Pittway Corporation 
The Procter & Gamble 

Pullman. Inc. Foundation 
Rockwell International 

(M.G.D. Graphic 

Systems Group) 
Rollins Burdick Hunter 


Frederic Ryder Company 
Santa Fe Railway 

Foundation, Inc. 
Sargent & Lundy 
The Schwarten 

Sears Bank & Trust 

Security Pacific 

Charitable Foundation 
Seyfarth, Shaw, 

Fairweather & 

Shell Companies 

Shure Brothers 

Joseph W. Sullivan Fund 

(Skil Corporation) 
Sunbeam Corporation 
Szabo Food Service, Inc. 
Talman Federal Savings 

& Loan Association of 

Taylor Freezer 
Texaco, Inc. 
The Oakleigh L. Thorne 

Foundation (Commerce 

Clearing House) 
Touche Ross & Company 
Trans Union Corporation 
Twentieth Century-Fox 

Film Corporation 
United Conveyor 

United States Steel 

Foundation, Inc. 
Ben O Warren 

Foundation, Inc. 

(Warren Nursery, Inc.) 
Wieboldt Stores, Inc. 
Zenith Radio Corporation 
E. W. Zimmerman, Inc. 

DONATIONS OF $100 - $1,000 

A. G. K. Restaurants, Inc. 
A&M Insulation Co. 
Advance Heating & Air 

Conditioning Corp. 
Alcoa Foundation 
Aldens, Inc. 
All-Types OfTice Supply 

Alnor Instrument 

Amalgamated Insurance 

Agency Service, Inc 
American Technical 

Anderson Secretarial 

Service, Inc. 
Avon Products 

Foundation, Inc. 

Bally Manufacturing 

Francis Barbaria 

Interiors, Inc. 
E. Besler & Company 
Bliss & Laughlin 

H. R. Braner Engineering, 

Blunt, Ellis & Loewi, Inc. 
CFS Continental 
CPC International, Inc. 
Callaghan & Company 
Calumet Heat Treating 

Guy Carpenter & 

Company, Inc. 
Central National Bank 



Channer Newman 

Securities Company 
Chicago Federal Savings 

& Loan Association 
Chicago Metallic 

Chicago Mountaineering 

The Chicago Ornithological 

Chicago Paper Company 
Chicago Plush & Leather 

Case Company 
Clark Foundation (J. L. 

Clark Manufacturing 

Consolidated Concessions, 

Construction Aggregates 

Contract Cleaning 

Maintenance, Inc. 
Cook Electric Company 
Corey Charitable 

Foundation, Inc. 
Crampton, Inc. 
E. I. Cudahy Foundation 
Culligan. U.S.A. 
Helene Curtis Industries, 

Dana Molded Products. 



(Corporations' and Foundations' donations of less than $1,000) 

Daubert Chemical 

Deloitte Haskins & Sella 
Edward Don & Company 
Elcen Metal Products 

Electro-Kinetics, Inc. 
Elkay Manufacturing 

The Enterprise 

Euings Limited (Neil 

Mills, Bland Payne) 
Faber Foundation 
Ferrara Pan Candy Co. 
First National Bank of 

Morton Grove 
The Florsheim Shoe 

Ford City Bank 
G. B. Frank, Incorporated 
Franklm Boulevard 

Community Hospital 
Franklin Picture 

Fridstein & Murray 

Construction Co. 
Fruehauf Foundation 
General Meters & 

Controls Co. 
John H. Grace Company 
Guaranty Savings & Loan 

Harris-Hub Company, 

The Hartford Insurance 

Group Foundation, Inc. 
Heco Envelope Company 
Heidrick & Struggles, Inc. 


Holabird & Root 
Home Federal Savings 
Hubbard Scientific 

Division (Spectrum 

Industries, Inc. ) 
Humboldt Manufacturing 

Hyland Electrical Supply 

M. Hyman & Sons, Inc. 

Hyre Electric Company 
Interpoint Corporation 
Fred S. James & 

Company, Inc. 
Jemberg Forgings Co. 
The Junior League of 

Evanston, Inc. 
Kelco Industries, Inc. 
Kemper Insurance 

Ketone Automotive, Inc. 
A. M. Kinney Associates, 

Klefstad Engineering Co., 

Leo P. Knoerzer 

Koppers Company, Inc. 

(Forest Products 

Krahl Construction 

Lance Construction, 

Supplies, Inc. 
Harry Lee & Sons, Inc. 
Libby, McNeil & Libby, 

Luria Steel & Trading 



Markal Company 
Marquette National BEmk 
Marquis Who's Who, Inc. 
Marsh & Mclennan, 

Marstellar, Inc. 
McDonald's of Rockford 

(Unit 2648) 
McGraw-Edison Company 

(Halo Lighting 

Mid-Continent Products 

Midwest Federation of 

Mineralogical and 

Geological Societies 
Monarch Laundry 

Multiplex Company, Inc. 
Murphy, Lsinier & Quinn 

NCR Corporation 
National Account 

Systems, Inc. 
National Can 
Nature Camera Club of 

North American Car 

Corporation (Tiger 

Leasing Group) 
Oak Park-River Forest 

Community Foundation 
Ohmite Manufacturing 

P-K Tool & Mfg. Company 
Paulson Picture Foods 
Pepper Construction 

H. F. Philipsborn & 

Plibrico Company 
Richard S. Post 

Consultants (Security 

Management Services) 
Precision Steel 

Warehouse, Inc. 
Process Gear Company, 

Processed Plastic 

Productigear, Inc. 
Quality Products 

R. M. Equipment, Inc. 
RVI Corporation 
Radio Steel & 


The Rayner Company 
Regensteiner Publishing 

Enterprises, Inc. 
Reinsurance Agency, Inc. 
Charles L. Ritten & 

R. W. Robinson & 

Associates, Co. 

The Russell-Hampton 

SRA Foundation 
Schuessler Knitting 


Scott, Foresman & 

Scribner & Company 
Sethness Products 

Silvestri Paving Co. 
The Singer Company 

(Controls Division) 
The Smith Barney 

Soil Testing Services, Inc. 
Son and Prins Company 

Publishing, Co., Inc. 
Standard Car Truck 

Standard Educational 

Edward Stauber 

Wholesale Hardware, 

Stepan Chemical 

Sterne Walters/Earle 

Ludgin Inc. 
The Stone Foundation, 

Inc. (Stone Container 

Stouffer Foods 

Corporation Fund 
Sun Printing Corporation 
Sweetheart Cup 

Target Corporation 
Time, Inc. 
Twin Construction, Co. 

(Division of Morelli 

Enterprises, Inc. ) 
Universal Metal Hose 

Upper Avenue National 

Vsmce Publishing 

Ventfabrics, Inc. 
Joseph A. Vogt Company 
Wallace Business Forms, 

Inc. Foundation 
Wisconsin Tool and 

Stamping Company 
Woodwork Corporation of 

Worth Federal Savings & 

Loan Association 



Donors to the Collections 
of the Museum, 1977-1978 


Mrs. Helen Bernstein 
Commander & Mrs. G. E. 

Mrs. Wesley Brashares 
Margery C. Carlson 
Maurice B. Cook 
Z. George Czaja 
Dr. & Mrs. Philip J. C. 

Mrs. Jean Dunkerly 
Dr. & Mrs. Adolph Faller 

Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
Mr. & Mrs. Nicholas 

Grosvenor E. Glenn 
Mrs. Jennifer Gossett 
Mrs. R. H. Haygarth 
John J. Hoellen 
Helen L. Kellogg Trust 
Peter Kunstadter 
Agnes Lawrence 

John Woodworth Leslie 

Dean R. Love 

Mr. & Mrs. John M. 

Hisazo Nagatani 
Warren Nugent 
B. K. Reist 
Bartlett Richards 
Mrs. B. E. Schaar 
James G. Shakman 
Jack Silverman 

Alexander Spoehr 
David G. Swanson 
John E. Terrell 
Mrs. Hall L. Thoren 
Mrs. Ralph J. Tuch 
James W. VanStone 
Mr. & Mrs. Theodore W. 

Mr. & Mrs. Vem Wesby 
Mrs. Phihp K. Wrigley 


Thomas M. Antonio 
Bemice P. Bishop 

Botanischer Garten und 

Botanishes, Museum, 

Botanical Research 

Institute, Pretoria, 

S. Africa 
Gary Brecken 
University of California, 

University of California, 

Los Angeles 
Centre de Cayenne 
Mary Derby 
Valerie Dryer 
Escuela Nacional de 

Agriculture, Chapingo, 

Robert B. Faden 
Fairchild Tropical 

Robert L. Fleming 
University of Florida, 

Robin Foster 
French Institute, 

Pondicherry, India 
Wilham Gillis 
Luis D. Gomez P. 
Glenn Goodfriend 

Phil Hanson 
Harvard University 
Harza Engineering Co. 
William Hee 
E. Hegewald 
Charles Heiser 
Herbario Alberto 


LN.I.R.E.B., Veracruz, 

Alan Horwath 
Institute for Systematic 

Botany, Netherlands 
Institute Botanico, 

M.A.C., Venezuela 
Institute de Conservacao 

de Natureza, Brazil 
University of Illinois, 

Iowa State University 
Daniel Janzen 
Jardim Botanico de Rio de 

Helen Kennedy 
Kwok W. Lee 
Longwood Gardens 
Manuel Mahu 
Tim McCarthy 
University of Michigan 
Milwaukee Public 


Missouri Botanical 

Scott Mori 
Morton CoUecteana 
Museo de Historia 

Natural, Guatemala 
Museum National 

d'Histoire Naturelle, 

Dorothy Nash 
National Herbarium 

Botanical Research 

Institute, Pretoria, 

S. Africa 
Lorin I. Nevling, Jr. 
New York Botanical 

University of North 

Oakes-Ames Herbarium 
Ohio State University 
University of Oklahoma 
Edward J. Olsen 
University of Oxford, 

University of 

Timothy C. Plowman 
Patricio Ponce de Leon 
Avram Primack 
Col. Millard Rada 
V. S. R^u 

Alfreida Rehling 
Donald Richards 
Royal Botanic Gardens 
Ralph Seller 
Marie Selby Botanical 

Alex F. Skutch 
David Smith 
Smithsonian Tropical 

Research Institute 
D. D. Soejarto 
Southeastern Oklahoma 

State University 
Sul Ross State University 
United States Customs 

United States 

Department of 

Agriculture, Cotton 

Branch Herbarium 
Texas A. & M. University 
University of Texas, 

University of Texas, 

George Wilder 
R. L. Willey 
University of Wisconsin, 

University of Wisconsin, 

J. R. I. Wood 


Leonard P. Alberstadt 
Sylvia Anderko 
Anderson Peat Company 
Peter Appel 
Warren & Elizabeth 

Leonard Bramisa 
Ted Bunch 
Onno Buss 
Albert V. Carozzi 

William Claussen 

Glen Commons 

Robert & Marjorie Cooper 

Richard X. Cramer 

Walter Dabsinskas 

Mrs. Lincoln Douglass 

R. Draftz 

Dry Valley Drilling 

Paul DuBois 

Jay Fiday 
Henry Field 
Daniel Fisher 
Terence Frest 
Geological Enterprises 
Arthur J. Gerk 
Frank A. Greene, Jr. 
Reinhold Groh 
Tom Guensburg 
Lee Gurga 

Richard K. Hose 
Maria Luisa Johnson 
Markes Johnson 
Wilbert Knoblock 
Mr. & Mrs. George 

James Konecny 
John Krzton 
Edward Lace 


(Donors to the Collections — continued) 

Riccardo Levi-Setti 
Walter Lietz 
John Lucherini 
Pat MacDaniel 
Robert Marschner 
William G. Melton 
Don Mikulic 
Ray C. Mitchell 
Lanny Moreau 

NASA Johnson Space 

Matthew H. Nitecki 
Larry Osterberger 
Ronald H. Pine 
Joe Pohl 
J. Keith Rigby 
Richard Rock 
Frederick R. Schram 

Chris Scotese 
James Simak 
Eric Slusser 
Clarence R. Smith 
Bruce L. Stinchcomb 
John Tenery 
D. F. Toomey 
Tulane University 
Francis Tully 

Mrs. Ernest Vezzetti 
Kenneth R. Walker 
William Walters 
Vern Wesley 
Warren West 
Mr. & Mrs. F. A. Wolff 
Alan Woodland 
Bertram Woodland 
Walter Zeitschel 



Peter L. Ames 
Jane E. Anderson 
Fred Andrews 
Argonne National 

Steven Arnold 
James Bacon 
George E. Ball 
James Barzyk 
J. Bengston 
Mrs. Maria Bilenko 
Rodney Black 
Margaret Bradbury 
William P. Braker 
A. S. H. Breure 
Donald Broadley 
W. L. Brown, Jr. 
John Clay Bruner 
Mrs. Beatrice Burch 
William C. Burger 
David Andrew Cawthon 
Mont Cazier 
Chicago Zoological 

Thomas A. Clarke 
D. M. Cohen 
Donald Daleske 
Carl G. Danielson 
Mrs. A. M. Davidson 
K. Dearolf 
Stanley Dvorak, Jr. 
Henry S. Dybas 
L. G. Eldredge 
Sharon B. Emerson 
Michael Evans 
H. Falcon 
William Fink 
John W. Fitzpatrick 
David E. Foster 

Dawn W. Frith 
E. L. Girardi 

Luis Diego Gomez 
D. W. Greenfield 
Michael D. Greenfield 
Paul Gritis 
Juanita B. Haid 
Mrs. Lloyd O. Haid 
James Hankin 
Dennis Harter 
Dipl. Ing. Ernst Heiss 
Philip Hershkovitz 
Lynn Houck 
Leslie Hubricht 
Julie Hurvis 
George E. lannarone 
Robert J. Izor 
Robert S. Jacobson 
John Janssen 
Bruce C. Jayne 
Colin Johnson 
Ellis Jones 
Pietr Kanaar 
Mr. & Mrs. Adolph 

Steve Karsen 
Daniel E. Kessling 
John Kethley 
David H. Kistner 
Roger Klocek 
Leslie Knapp 
Dorothy J. Knull 
Noel H. Krauss 
N. L. H. Krauss 
William W. Lamar 
Jeanne LaRocco 
Rene Laubach 
John Lawrence 

Alexander Leighton 

Thomas O. Lemke 

Lincoln Park Zoo Society 

Gilbert Lomont 

D. C. Lowrie 

Jim Lucas 

Borys Malkin 

Scott Maness 

Allan Markezich 

Adrian Marshall 

Robert E. Martin 

Tim McCarthy 

Lt. Mead 

Rodney A. Mead 

Midwestern University 

Michael Miller 

R. R. Miller 

Mr. & Mrs. John Mix 

D. R. Moore 

LeMoyne Mueller 

Gary R. Mullen 

William A. Newman 

Roy A. Norton 

Charles W. O'Brien 

Dale Osborn 

Jose M. Osorio 

Brian Parkinson 

Peabody Museum 

Stewart Peck 

Q. Pickering 

Ronald H. Pine 

Kevin Pitts 

John T. Polhemas 

Edgar Reik 

Alan Resetar 

Tyson Roberts 

L. H. Rolston 

J. D. Romer 

Lillian Ross 

San Diego Zoological 

Gerhard A. Schad 
Dietrich Schaff 
Jerry Schloemer 
Beverly Serrell 
John G. Shedd Aquarium 
Robert Sheridan 
Janet Sherman 
Hurst Shoemaker 
D. Shpeley 
Burke Smith 
Ian M. Smith 
Noel Snyder 
Alan Solem 
L. B Stames 
Daniel Summers 
Walter Suter 
James E. Thomerson 
Fred G. Thompson 
Melvin Traylor 
Mr. & Mrs. C. Troogstad 
J. R. Tucker 
Umtali Museum 
P. E. Vanzolini 
B. Verdcourt 
John Visser 
John Wagner 
Larry Watrous •• 

Earl Wells 
J. Kirwin Werner 
Richard L. Westcott 
Ralph Wetzel 
Mr. & Mrs. Felix 

N. Wilson 
Shi-Kuei Wu 
Rainer Zangerl 


The Art Institute of 

Chicago, Ryerson 

John R. Bolt 
Bennet Bronson 
William C. Burger 
Alice P. Carnes 
Preston Cloud 
Colombo National 

Frances G. Crowley 
Mr. & Mrs. Albert 


Ann De Vere 
Henry S. Dybas 
Harvey D. Erickson 
Joseph F. Estes 
W. Peyton Fawcett 
Henry Field 
H. G. Fischer 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
Peter Gayford 
Frederick A. Gibbs 
Kenneth J. Grabowski 
Crawford H. Greenewalt 
Vicki Grigelaitis 

Paul Gritis 
Philip Hershkovitz 
Hirohito, Emperor of 

Norman lies 
Robert F. Inger 
Carol C. Jones 
Jane B. Katz 
Oscar Kottman 
Christopher C. Legge 
John Lund 
Russell MacFall 
Larry G. Marshall 

Lorin L Nevling, Jr. 
Matthew H. Nitecki 
Max Plaut 
Timothy Plowman 
Warren M. Pulich 
Phyllis G. Rabineau 
Dorothy Rea 
Eugene S. Richardson 
Mr. & Mrs. H. Wallace 

Alfreda C. Rogowski 
George C. Ruble 
Glen C. Sanderson 


(Donors to the Collections — continued) 

Gwen Schultz 
Shedd Aquarium, Library 
John E. Terrell 
Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 

Edward Valauskas 
James W. VanStone 
Theodore W. VanZelst, Jr. 
Thomas Vaughan 

Mr. & Mrs. Louis A. 

E. Leland Webber 
Ronald L. Weber 

Rupert L. Wenzel 
Leo Whicher 
Louis O. Williams 
David A. Young 



Coronet Instructional 

Mr. & Mrs. M. Richard 

Mrs. Gaylord Freeman 
Evelyn Gottlieb 

Julie Hurvis 

Ira Kersh 

Mrs. George L. Simpson 

Mrs. George T. Spensley 

John Tohtz 


Digital Equipment 

Richard Pohl 




December 31, 1978 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., President-Director 

Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Assistant Director, Administration 
LoRiN I. Nevung, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Director, Science and 
Thomas R. Sanders, B.S., Planning and Development Officer 

LoRiN I. Nevung, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Director, Science and Education ^^j 

Susanmary C. Young, B.A., Secretary to the President-Director 



Lorin I. Nevling, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Director, Science and Education 

Betty J. Peyton, Secretary to Assistant Director 

Carol Small-Kaplan, MFA, Photography — SEM Technician 

Department of Anthropology 

Phillip H. Lewis, Ph.D., Chairman, Department of Anthropology and Curator, Primitive Art 

and Melanesian Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Middle and South American Archaeology and 

Glen H. Cole, Ph.D., Curator of Prehistory 

James W. VanStone, Ph.D., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 
Bennet Bronson, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 
Michael E. Moseley, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Middle and South American Archaeology 

and Ethnology 
John E. Terrell, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 
Ruth I. Andris, Restorer 

Sue Carole DeVale , Ph.D., Ethno-Musicologist, Gamelon Project 
Christine S. Danziger, M.S., Conservator 
James R. Hanson, B.A., Clerk-typist 
Joyce A. Korbecki, B.A., Departmental Assistant 
Lillian Novak, B.A., Departmental Secretary 
Phyllis G. Rabineau, M.A., Custodian of Collections 
Assistants: Anna P. Campoli, B.F.A.; Robert A. Feldman, B.A.; Jan DiGirolamo, B.F.A.; 

Anne W. Leonard, M.A.; Karen C. McNeil, B.A.; Ronald L. Weber, Ph.D. ^., 

Collection Re-organization: Kathleen A. Christon, B.S.; Paul C. Fini, B.F.A.; Theresa J. fl^« 

Gross-Diaz, M.A.; Maija Sedzielarz, B.A.; Sue A. Stott, B.A.; Ethel Turnipseed ^' 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 
Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology 
Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology 


F. Clark Howell, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Maxine R. Kleindienst, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Donald W. Lathrap, Ph.D., Research Associate 

George I. Quimby, M.S., Research Associate, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Research Associate, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

LouvA H. Calhoun, B.A., B.F.A., Associate 

Solomon Gurewitz, Associate 

Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Associate 

Col. M. E. Rada, Associate 

Alice K. Schneider, B.A. Associate 

James H. Swartchild, Associate 

James R. Getz, Field Associate 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 

Jeffrey Quilter, M.A., Field Associate 

Sheila Pozorski, Ph.D., Field Research Associate 

Thomas G. Pozorski, Ph.D., Field Research Associate 

Department of Botany 

William C. Burger, Ph.D., Chairman, Department of Botany and Associate Curator 
Louis O. Williams, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus 
John J. Engel, Ph.D., Richards Associate Curator, Bryology 
Patricio P. Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Cryptogams 
Robert B. Faden, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 
Timothy C. Plowman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 
Michael O. Dillon, Ph.D., Visiting Assistant Curator 
Roberta C. Becker, B.A., Departmental Secretary 
William E. Grime, B.A., Manager of Systematic Botanical Collections 
Robert G. Stolze, B.S., Custodian, Pteridophyte Herbarium 

Assistants: Birthel Atkinson; Lisa A. Byrne, B.A.; Janina Czapla; Ann B. Hollmann; 
Christine J. Niezgoda, M.S.; Gordana Racic, B.S.; Alfreida D. Rehling 

Robert F. Betz, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Margery C. Carlson, I*h.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 

Sylvia M. Feuer, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Robin B. Foster, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Sidney F. Glassman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms 

Arturo Gomez -Pompa, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 

Richard W. Pohl, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Donald Richards, B.S., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 

Rolf Singer, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Djaja Doel Soejarto, Ph.D., Research Associate 

A. Spencer Tomb, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Tod F. Stuessy, Ph.D., Research Associate 

Marko Lewis, Field Associate 

Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate 

Department of Geology 

David M. Raup, Ph.D., Chairman, Department of Geology and Curator 


Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Fossil Fishes 

Matthew H. Nitecki, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Minerology 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

William D. Turnbull, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Bertram B. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Petrology 

John R. Bolt, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Fossil Reptiles and Amphibians 

Gordon C. Baird, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Larry G. Marshall, Ph.D., Visiting Assistant Curator ^m 

Mary L. Alexander, Departmental Secretary ^B 

Kristine L. Bradof, B.S., Custodian of Invertebrate Collections 

John P. Harris, Preparator, Fossils 

Elizabeth A. Moore, B.S.N. , R.N., Clerk-typist 

J. Gail Ziegler, M.S., Custodian of Collections, Paleontology 

Assistants: Rudolph F. Chavez; Stanley C. Finney, Ph.D. 

Edgar F. Allin, M.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Edward Anders, Ph.D., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

David Bardack, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Herbert R. Barghusen, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Werner H. Baur, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Frank M. Carpenter, Sc.D., Research Associate 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Robert DeMar, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Robert Denison, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Daniel C. Fisher, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Arnold M. Friedman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Geology 

Louis H. Fuchs, B.S., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

Lawrence Grossman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

James A. Hopson, Ph.D., Research A iciate. Fossil Vertebrates 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Riccardo Levi-Setti, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Ernest L. Lundelius, Jr., Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Robert F. Marschner, Ph.D., Research Associate, Geology 

Paul B. Moore, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Leonard Radinsky, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Frederick R. Schram, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Joseph V. Smith, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Priscilla Turnbull, M.A., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Leigh Van Valen, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Department of Zoology 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Chairman, Department of Zoology and Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, D.Sc., Curator Emeritus, Birds 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator Emeritus, Mammals 

LoREN P. Woods, B.S., Curator Emeritus, Fishes 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Curator, Insects 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 



Hymen Marx, B.S., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Invertebrates 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Curator, Insects 

Robert K. Johnson, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Fishes 

John B. Kethley, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Insects 

Harold K. Voris, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

John W. Fitzpatrick, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Birds 

Patricia W. Freeman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Patricia H. Johnson, Departmental Secretary 

Judith A. Main, B.A., Scientific Illustrator, Insects 

Robert E. Martin, Ph.D., Facilities and Collection Co-ordinator, Mammals 

Eric H. Smith, Ph.D., Custodian of Collections, Insects 

David E. Willard, Ph.D., Custodian of Collections, Birds 

Assistants: Robert S. Anderson, B.S. — Fishes; Sophie Andris — Mammals; Margaret L. 
Baker, B.S.— Invertebrates; John C. Bruner, B.S.— Fishes; Garrett S. Glodek, M.S.— 
Fishes; Robert J. Izor, B.S. — Mammals; M. Dianne Maurer, B.A. — Birds; Michael L. 
Reed, B.S. — Mammals; Alan R. Resetar, B.S. — Amphibians and Reptiles; Daniel 
Summers, M.S.— Insects; Sandra L. Walchuk, M.S.— Mammals; Laurie C. Wilkins, 
B.S. — Mammals 

Secretaries: Valerie G. Connor-Jackson — Invertebrates; Sarah A. Derr, B.A. — Mammals; 
Cecile Margulies, M.A.— Insects; Molly M. Ozaki— Amphibians and Reptiles 

Arthur C. Allyn, B.S., Research Associate, Insects 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Honorary Research Associate, Birds 

David Cook, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Anthony DeBlase, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Jack Fooden, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

David W. Greenfield, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fishes 

Euzabeth-Louise Girardi, Ph.D., Research Associate, Invertebrates 

Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

William B. Jeffries, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

David Kistner, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Cliff Lemen, Ph.D., Research Associate, Zoology 

Lee D. Miller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Charles F. Nadler, M.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Charles E. Oxnard, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Ronald H. Pine, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

John J. Pizzimenti, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

George R. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Honorary Research Associate, Birds 

Charles A. Reed, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Walter Segall, M.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Ronald Singer, D.Sc., Research Associate, Mammals 

Jamie E. Thomerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fishes 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

John A. Wagner, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Teresa A. Greenfield, M.A., Associate, Fishes 

Dorothy Karall, Associate, Invertebrates 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Harry G. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects 

Dale J. Osborn, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 


DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 
Burke Smith, Jr., M.A., Associate, Insects 
Lorain Stephens, Associate, Birds 
Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate, Birds 
Karl J. Frogner, Ph.D., Field Associate, Reptiles 
George Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate, Reptiles 
Frederico J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate, Reptiles 
Laurie Price, Field Associate, Invertebrates 
Walter R. Suter, Ph.D., Field Associate, Insects 
Janice K. Street, Field Associate, Mammals 
William S. Street, Field Associate, Mammals 

The Library of the Museum 

W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Librarian 
Michele Calhoun, M.S.L.S., Reference Librarian 
Eugenia J. Jang, A. A., Serials Librarian 
Chih-Wei Pan, M.S., Cataloger 
Alfreda C. Rogowski, Acquisitions 

Library Assistants: Kenneth J. Grabowski, M.S.; Patricia Piasecki, B.A.; Melissa H. 
Slater, B.L.S.; Benjamin W. Williams, B.A. 

Field Museum Press Editorial Staff 


James W. VanStone, Ph.D., Scientific Editor 
Patricia M. Williams, B.A., Editor 

Department of Education— including personnel of the N. W. Harris Public School Exten- 
sion; the Ray A. Kroc Environmental Programs; and the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures. 

Carolyn P. Blackmon, B.S., Chairman, Department of Education 
Alice L. Lewis, Departmental Secretary 

Special Programs: Linton Pitluga, M.S.; Ann B. Prewitt, M.A.; Bonnie K. N. Shain, 
M.A.T.; Harriet M. Smith, M.A. 

Carol J. Scholl, M.S., Head, Group Programs Division 
Philip C. Hanson, M.S., Head, Harris Extension 
Sue G. Rizzo, Resource Co-ordinator 

Divisional Assistants: John Dykstra: Linda M. Finney, B.S.; Kezia D. Jones, B.A.; Ronald 
J. Lambert; Mary S. McCormick, B.A. 

Instructors: Elizabeth B. Deis, M.S.; Marie S. Feltus, M.A.; Edith Fleming, M.A. 

Resource Assistants: Marilyn L. Banayan, M.A.L.S.; Robert Cantu, A. A.; Delores L. 

Dobberstein, B.A. 
Susan E. Stob, B.A.; Head, Public Programs Division 



Program Developers: Lynne D. Arnold, Ph.D.; Victoria Grigelaitis, B.A.; James R. 
Hunter, M.A. 

Grace Fuller Greaves, B.S., Associate, Group Progreims 
Julie Hurvis, B.A., Associate, Group Programs 
Ellen Hyndman, B.A., Associate, Group Programs 
John C. O'Brien, Associate, Harris Extension 
Anne Ross, B.A., Associate, Group Programs 

Department of Exhibition 

Ed Bedno, M.S., Chairman, Department of Exhibition 
Harvey M. Matthew, B.S.E.E., Head, Controls Division 
Martha J. Poulter, M.A.T., Departmental Secretary 
John A. Riordan, M.S., Detailer 
E. Alvin Schiele, B.S.M.E., Head, Production Division 

Exhibit Service Preparators: Howard J. Bezin, B.F.A.; James L. Socha 

Preparators: John K. Cannon, M.F. A.; Christine F. Ingraham,M.F.A.;Edwin M.Kestler; 
Richard T. Pearson, B.A.; William T. Soltis, M.F.A.; Daniel L. Weinstock, B.F.A. 

Donald R. Skinner, M.F. A.; Acting Head, Design Division 

Designers: Clifford Abrams, B.F.A.; David R. Dann, M.F.A.; Beth A. Herman; Richard L. 
Shannon, B.S.D. 

Scientific Illustrators: Zorica Dabich, B.F.A. ; Zbigniew Jastrzebski, M.F. A.; Elizabeth A. 

Scriptwriters: Victor M. Banks, B.S.; Helen M. Chandra, B.A. 



Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Assistant Director, Administration 

William J. Lauf, M.B.A., Controller 

Beverly C. Scott, B.S.C, Secretary to Assistant Director 

Lenore Sarasan, Computer Systems Designer 

Accounting Department 

Joseph R. Sulek, B.A., C.P.A., Accounting Manager 
J. Victor Blakemore, B.A., Systems Analyst 

Accounting Clerks: Lynn C. Bales; Catherine O. Gordon, A.B.; Donna J. Johnson; 
Gregory J. Kotulski; Kathryn F. Laughlin, B.A. 


Building Operations Department 

Norman P. Radtke, Manager, Physical Plant 
Andris Pavasars, M.S., Departmental Clerk 
Joseph D. Taylor, Construction Manager 

Engineering Division 

Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer 
Rudolph R. Dentino, Assistant Chief Engineer 
Wesley Gray, Audio-Visual Technician 
Edward D. Rick, Electrician 

Stationary Engineers: Robert J. Battaglia, Joseph A. Nejasnic, Harry Rayborn, Jr., 
Ronald J. Stagg, Joseph J. Vard 

Engineering Assistants: Jose J. Diaz, Raymond D. Roberts, Timothy J. Tryba 

Housekeeping Division 

George A. Stlaske, B.A., Executive Housekeeper 

Shift Supervisors: Gwendolyn U. Anderson, Joseph J. Gue 

Group Leader: Lee Mister 

Housekeepers: Harold A. Anderson, Jacqueline Baguidy, Manuel Barajas, Estela S. 
Cortes, Cleola Davis, James Davis, George Dieudonne, Lamonte 1. Dixon, Bernard 
Douglas, Samuel Glover, Jesus L. Guerrero, Edward J. Jurzak, Gerard Kernizan, 
Ghislaine Lubin, Jose Z. Mendez, Cozzetta Morris, Ermite Nazaire, Lucinda L. S. 
Pierre-Louis, Susie Rhodes, Kettly Rodrigue, John A. Stahl, Henry J. Tucker, Felix 
B. Uballe, Jr., Dieudaide Victor, Ricky Wroten 

Maintenance Division 

Jacques L. Pulizzi, Building Maintenance Supervisor 

Craftsman: Carpenters — Louis M. Hobe, Stanley B. Konopka, George C. Petrik, Michael 
J. Shouba, Angelo T. Tallarico 

Painters — Michael C. Gotto, Arnester L. Johnson, John J. Kelly, Thomas Williams 

General Services Department 

GusTAV A. Noren, General Services Administrator 

Oscar E. Anderson, B.A., Printing Production Co-ordinator 

Erich F. Filers, Purchasing Agent 

Christine F. Gahan, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Florence W. Hales, B.A., Photographic Assistant 

Geraldine Havranek, Switchboard Operator 

Darlene Pederson, Clerk-Typist, Purchasing 



LoRAN S. Recchia, Assistant, Photography 
Ronald A. Testa, M.F.A., Head of Photography 

Division of Printing and Publications 

Lorraine H. Cordova, Clerk, Publications 
Vincent T. Davis, Assistant, Publications 
Jeannette Forster, Clerk, Publications 
Michael F. Olivo, Printing Assistant 
Alan R. Quantrell, Clerk, Publications 
George C. Sebela, Head of Printing 

Museum Shops Department 

Betty L. Weaver, B.A., Manager of Museum Shops 

Clerks: Linda J. Bates, Emily M. Brandle, Paula L. Brewster, Gloria Clayton, Beverly 
V. Collins, Helen Cooper, Linda M. Dean, Betty J. Green, Deborah A. Johnson, 
Georgiana Kolasinski, Fern E. Konyar, Joseph Miller, Jr. 

Personnel Department 

Hubert A. Homan, Jr., A.B., Personnel Manager 
Susan M. Oi^on, Personnel Assistant 

Registrar Department 

Mary A. Hagberg, L.L.B., Registrar 
Anne T. McCaskey, B.A., Assistant 

Security and Visitor Services Department 

Anthony F. DeBlase, Ph.D., Head of Security and Visitor Services 

Sergeants: Salv.vdor Castro, Jr., Norman Harvey, Kathleen M. Larkin, B.A., Richard H. 
Leigh, Hernan Rendon 

Guards: Louis Andrade, Arnold C. Barnes, Jr., Frank L. Bishop, Andrew J. Bluntson, 
Floyd D. Bluntson, Robert J. Bodziach, Kerry Braswell, Jesus H. Chavarria, Sik K. 
Chin, Pierre P. Clermont, George E. Davis, Michael J. Dorgan, William Dubyk, 
Lionel O. Dunn, Allen E. Fenske, William S. Frank, Norval A. Glover, Steven A. 
Grissom, Ildefonso Hernandez, Charles M. Johnson, David C. Johnson, Paul J. 
Johnston, Tina L. Johnston, E>verage J. Jones, Irene Kelly, Howard Langford, Jr., 
Kevin J. Madden, Kevin J. Matthews, Michael P. Meza, Phoebe A. Moore, Karlyn 
Morris, Michelle C. McClinton, Monica S. McClinton, George F. McGiffin, 
Johannes Neubauer, Thomas A. Novak, Lula H. Pendivers, Lorraine A. Petkus, Paul 
J. Pierre-Louis, Henry Raatjes, Georges R. Raymond, Rosemarie Rhyne, David E. 
Sadowski, Jerome L. Simpson, Earl M. Singleton III, George W. Smith, Sr., Eloise R. 


Stripling, Thomas L. Swartzel, Kenneth J. Taylor, David E. Villalobos, Phyllis A. 



Thomas R. Sanders, B.S., Planning and Development Officer ^B 

Clifford Buzard, M.S., M.Div., Associate Development Officer ^P 

Michael J. Flynn, Manager, Field Museum Tours 

William J. Maurer, B.A., Assistant Development Officer 

Marcia a. Rasmussen, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

June E. Thames, B.A., List Researcher 

Veitrice L. Thompson, Secretary 

Susan E. VandenBosch, B.A., Secretary to the Women's Board 

Membership Division 

Dorothy S. Roder, Membership Manager 

Clerks: Sue C. Currier, Robert M. Franca, Judith K. Kobylecky, B.S., Josefina Sanchez 

Public Relations Division 

Mary A. Cassai, Ph.D., Public Relations Manager 

Mary C. Kleber, A. A., Departmental Secretary 

Mari F. Mullen, B.S., Public Relations Assistant 

David M. Walsten, B.S., Editor, Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin 


The following volunteers have each given over 50 hours in a period of one year: 

Christine Abiera Robert Barth 

Laura Adamski Sanda Bauer 

Bruce Ahlborn Dodie Baumgarten 

Sydney Allport John Bayalis 

Amy Alluisi Ann Beverly Bazner 

Carrie Anderson Carol Beatty 

Cleo Anderson Virginia Beatty 

John Appel Marvin Benjamin 

Delores Arbanas Frances Bentley 

Jean Armour Phoebe Bentley 

Judy Armstrong William Bentley 

Steve Arnam Leslie Beverly 

Beverly Baker Ruth Blazina 

Margaret Baker Riva Blechman 

Dennis Bara Mary Ann Bloom 

GwEN Barnett Sharon Boemmel 

Rae Barnett Marjorie Bohn 



Julie Borden 
Idessie Bowens 
Hermann Bowersox 
Kristine Bradof 
Carol Briscoe 
Jean Brown 
Rose Buchanan 
Teddy Buddington 
Mary Ann Bulanda 
Elizabeth Buntrock 
James Burd 
Katharine Burdick 
Michael Burns 
LouvA Calhoun 
Anna Campoli 
Leticia Carlson 
Jean Carton 
Jean Casey 
Cathe Casperson 
GiLDA Castro 
Sol Century 
Karen Chesna-McNeil 
June Chomsky 
Mary Clapper 
Robert Clark 
Shauna Clark 
Mark Clausen 
John Collins 
Janet Connor 
Eugenia Cooke 


Diane Coultas 
Richard Cox 
Mary Ann Cramer 
Connie Crane 
Velta Cukurs 
Alice Culbert 
Theresa Dade 
Georgette D'Angelo 
Eleanor DeKoven 
Mary Derby 
Carol Deutsch 
Sue Carole DeVale 
Anne DeVere 
MiYA Esperanza Diablo 
Marianne Diekman 
Jennifer Dillon 
Delores Dobberstein 
Stanley Dolasinski 
Carolyn Donovan 
Mary Beth Dowell 
Margaret Dreessen 
Janet Duchossois 

Stanley Dvorak 
Bettie Dwinell 
Linda Dybas 


Sharon Ebbert 

Alice Eckley 

Bonnie Eiber 

Anne Ekman 

Karen Elarde 

Jeffrey Ellison 

Nancy Epping 

Lee Erdman 

Audrey Faden 

Kathryn Farmer-Margulis 

Martha Farwell 

Suzanne Faurot 

Lee Fefferman 

Linda Finney 

Jo Fitch 

Jayne Fitzsimmons 

Gerry Fogarty 

Gerda Frank 

Arden Frederick 

Nancy Frederick 

Melissa Frey 

Werner Frey 

Gary Fritz 

RoYLA Furniss 

Rosa Gamarra-Thomson 

Peter Gayford 

John Gelder 

Patricia Georgouses 

Nancy Gerson 

Dr. Elizabeth Louise Girardi 

Anita Goldberg 

Shirley Goldman 

LoRNA Gonzales 

rochelle goodsitt 

Helen Gornstein 

Evelyn Gottlieb 

Carol Graczyk 

Grace Greaves 

Ralph Greene 

Paul Gritis 

Theresa Gross-Diaz 

Patrick Gulley 

Kathy Gunnell 

Jessye Gunter 

Sol Gurewitz 

Fleur Hales 

Michael Hall 

Marjorie Hammerstrom 

Judith Hansen 


John Harding 
Margaret Harding 
Bernice Harris 
Patricia Hastings 
Shirley Hattis 
Gail Hathaway 
Maureen Hawkridge 
H. J. Hedlund 
Katherine Hill 
Audrey Hiller 
VicKi Hlavacek 
Patricia Hogan 
Ralph Hogan 
April Hohol 
Rose Horner 
Claxton Howard 
Miranda Howard 
Ruth Howard 
Elmer Hulman 
David Humbard 
Julie Hurvis 
Adrienne Hurwitz 
Diane Hutchinson 
Lucinda Hutchison 
Ellen Hyndman 
James Jack 
Ira Jacknis 
Penny Jacobs 
Patricia Jacobssen 
Mabel Johnson 
Ernest Paul Jones 
Malcolm Jones 
Julia Jordan 
Letitia Kaminski 
Dorothy Karall 
Ruthe Karlin 
Dorothy Kathan 
Adria Katz 
Gayle Kedrick 
Ruth Keller -Petitti 
Shirley Kennedy 
Marjorie King 
Elaine Kinzelberg 
John Kolar 
Larry Kolczak 
Anne Koopman 
Carol Kopeck 
Katharine Krueger 
Roberta Laffey 
Anita Landess 
Carol Landow 
Hildy Lane 
Betty Langedyk 

Viola Laski 
Katharine Lee 
Jeannette Leeper 
June Lefor 
Dorothy Leghorn 
Steve LeMay 
Anne Leonard 
Elizabeth Lilly 
Carol Link 
Margaret Litten 
Elizabeth Lizzio 
Susan Lynch 
Edna MacQuilkin 
David Magdziarz 
Russell Maheras 
Anna Main 
Judy Main 
Richard Main 
Catharine Majeske 
Kay-Karol Mapp 
Gabby Margo 
Gretchen Martin 
Margaret Martling 
Martha Mather 
Geri Matsushita 
Joyce Matuszewich 
Melba Mayo 
William McCarthy 
Mark McCollam 
Ann McCorkle 
Patsy McCoy 
Chloe McKeever 
Jodie McNeel 
Cecily McNeil 
Elizabeth Meeker 
Withrow Meeker 
Thomas Menchaca 
Margot Merrick 
Marilyn Miller 
Martha Mills 
Grace Millman 
Joanne Mitchell 
Sharon Moehling 
Carolyn Moore 
Wiley Moore 
Patricia Morin 
Wendy Morton 
Debra Moskovits 
LeMoyne Mueller 
Anne Murphy 
Roger Myers 
Charlita Nachtrab 
Mary Naunton 




JoAnn Nelson 

John Ben Nelson 

Mary Nelson 

Nancy Nelson 

Louise Neuert 

Natalie Newberger 

Ernest Newton 

Herta Newton 

Allen Niederman 

Joyce Niederman 

Barbara Nielsen 

Suzanne Niven 

Mary Eileen Noonan 

Bernice Nordenberg 

Janis O'Boye 

John O'Brien 

Diane O'Neil 

Joan Opila 

Gary Ossewaarde 

China Oughton 

Anita Padnos 

Raymond Parker 

Susan Parker 

Sally Parsons 

Delores Patton 

Frank Paulo 

Christine Pavel 

Elizabeth Peacock 

Anna Pearman-Daugerdas 

Hazel Pensock 

Celeste Perry 

Mary Ann Peruchini 


Lorraine Peterson 
Kathleen Picken 
Diane Pieklo 
Kathleen Porter 
David Poster 
Elizabeth Rada 
Col. M. E. Rada 
LoRAN Recchia 
Erin Reeves 
Ruth Reinhold 
Shiela Reynolds 
Elly Ripp 
Addie Roach 
Yvonne Robins 
William Roder 
Barbara Roob 
Robert Rosberg 
Brenda Rosch 
Sarah Rosenbloom 
Marie Rosenthal 

Anne Ross 
Dennis Roth 
Helen Ruch 
Linda Sandberg 
Lenore Sarasan 
Theresa Schaefer 
Margaret Schaffner 
Tim Schalk 
Alice Schneider 
Sally Schoch 
Sylvia Schueppert 
Julia Schultz 
Carole Schumacher 
Sandy Schweitzer 
Beverly Scott 
Louise Searle 
Maija Sedzielarz 
Laura Seidman 
Jean Sellar 
Ruth Shaffner 
Ann Shanower 
Albert Shatzel 
Louise Sherman 
Judy Sherry 
Elaine Sindelar 
James Skorez 
Eleanor Skydell 
Burke Smith, Jr. 
Kay Snook 
Janet Sobesky 
Richard Spears 
Beth Spencer 
Irene Spensley 
Steve Sroka 
Tim Stark 
Lois Stein 
Lorain Stephens 
Lucille Stern 
Dorothy Stevenson 
Joann Stevenson 
John Stine 
Michael Story 
Susan Streich 
Jane Swanson 
Beatrice Swartchild 
James Swartchild 
Julia Szymczyk 
Patricia Talbot 
Terri Talley 
Jane Thain 
Clare Tomaschoff 
Peter Tortorice 
Dana Treister 


Harold Tsunehara David Weiss 

Edith Turkington Peyton Wells 

Lynn Turner Fred Werner 

Helen Urban LaDonna Whitmer 

Karen Urnezis Ron Winslow 

Judith Valentine Kurt Wise 

Barbara Vear Reeva Wolfson 

Don Virgil Ken Young 

Harold Voris Karen Zaccor ^k 

Kim Waldron Joanne Zak ^W 

Sandra Wantuch Lynn Zeger 

Harold Waterman Faith Zieske 

Suzanne Webb 










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