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Full text of "Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Index)"

fi.L 



INDEX 



REPORTS AND TRANSACTIONS 




BRITISH ASSOCIATION 



FOR THE 



ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, 



FROM 1831 TO 1860 INCLUSIVE. 



LONDON: 

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET. 

1864. 



; ^r d' '/ 



PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 





NOTICE 



The Index, now completed, to the Reports and Transactions of the British 
Association for the Advancement of Science from the beginning of its labours 
in 1831 to 1860, was projected by Professor Phillips while holding the office 
of Assistant General Secretary. He had hoped, by the cooperation of his 
friend Mr. Griffith, and the aid of Mr. WiUiam Askham, who had been 
engaged in many ways as an able and zealous assistant at the annual meet- 
ings and in the printing of the volumes, to have been able to see this work 
finished before retiring from office. By the regretted death of Mr. Askham 
an unexpected delay occurred, and a larger share of personal labour has 
fallen on the present Assistant General Secretary. 

The Proceedings of the Association, except those of the first Meeting, are 
printed in two portions ; the first consisting of Reports and Researches in 
Science, which have been drawn up by request of the General Committee, 
and a larger number of Communications oifered to the several Sections com- 
posing each Meeting. Por each of these portions an Index has been pre- 
pared and printed in the Annual Yolumes. 

The present work is not merely a collection of these separate elements 
into one Catalogue ; it was intended to bear the character of a revised and 
arranged Table of Reference, assigning to each Author his share of the work, 
to each Place the descriptive passages, and to each Subject the principal 
notices relating to it. It was thought desirable to continue the plan of 
separate reference to * Reports ' and * Sectional Proceedings,' and to con- 
struct for each of these parts, separate registers of * Authors*,' * Places,' and 
* Subjects.' In cases where Reports were drawn up by Committees appointed 
by the Association, aU the Members of the Committee have usually been 
quoted as Authors, though in some instances only one signature is annexed, 
and in others, as in the Report on Zoological Nomenclature, the principal 
features of plan and execution were impressed by one mind firmly directed 
to every part of the subject. 



INDEX 

TO 

REPORTS AND TRANSACTIONS, 

FEOM 1831 TO 1860 INCLUSIVE, 



Preliminary Index. 



Origin of the Association^ 1831-32, 17. 

Exposition of the Objects and Plan of the 
Association, 1831-32, zi. 

Designation, " The British Association for 
the AdvanceTnent of Science,'' 1831-32, 41. 

Arrangements for the First Meeting, 1831-32, 

18. 
Objects and Eules of the Association: — 

1831-32, 615; 1833, 497; 1834, xi; 

1835, V ; 1836, v ; 1838, v ; 1839, v ; 

1841, v; 1845, v; 1848, v; 1849, v; 

1850, v; 1852, xi. 

Prefaces to the First Volume of Reports, 
1831-32, vii, 9. 

Preface to the Third Beport, 1833, iii. 

Places and tim£s of Meeting, with names of 
the Officers, from the commencement : — 
1838, ix; 1839, ix; 1840, ix; 1841, 
viii; 1842, viii; 1843, viii; 1844, viii; 
1845, ix; 1846, viii; 1847, viii ; 1848, 
viii; 1849, viii; 1850, viii; 1851, xiv; 
1852, xvi ; 1853, xvi; 1854, xviii ; 1855, 
XX ; 1856, XX ; 1857, xx ; 1858, xx ; 1859, 
XX ; 1860, XX. 

Officers and Council of the Association : — 
for 1831-32, 1831-32, 45. 
1832^3,1831-32, iii. 
1833-34, 1833, xxxvii. 
1834-35, 1834, xxviii. 
1835-36, 1835, viii. 
1836-37, 1836, viii. 
1837-38, 1837, viii. 
1838-39, 1838, viii. 
1839-^0, 1839, viii. 
1840-41, 1840, viii. 
1841-42, 1841, vii. 
1842-43, 1842, vii. 



Officers and Council of the Association (con- 
tinued) : — 
for 1843-44, 1843, vii. 
1844-45, 1844, vii. 
1845^6, 1845, viii. 
1846-47, 1846, xiv. 
1847-48, 1847, xiv. 
1848-49, 1848, xiv. 
1849-50, 1849, xiv. 
1850-51, 1850, xiv. 
1851-52, 1851, XX. 
1852-53, 1852, xxii. 
1853-54, 1853, xxii. 
1854-55, 1854, xxiv. 
1855-56, 1855, xxvi. 
1856-57, 1856, xxvi. 
1857-58, 1857, xxvi. 
1858-59, 1858, xxvi. 
1859-60, 1859, xxvi. 
1860-61, 1860, xxviii. 

Members of Council from the commenccTnent. 
1838, x; 1839, x; 1840, x; 1841, ix; 
1842, ix; 1843, ix; 1844, ix; 1845, x; 
1846, x; 1847, x; 1848, x; 1849, x; 
1850, x; 1851, xvi; 1852, xviii; 1853, 
xviii; 1854, xxi; 1855, xxiii ; 1856, 
xxiv ; 1857, xxiv ; 1858, xxiii ; 1859, 
xxiii ; 1860, xxv. 

Proceedings at the following General Meet' 
ings : — 

1st Meeting (Yovk), 1831-32, 15. 
2nd Meeting (Oxford), 1831-32, 95. 
3rd Meeting (Cambridge), 1833, ix. 
4th Meeting (Edinburgh), 1834, ix. 

General Committee, Proceedings and Resolu^ 
tions of the : — 

1831-32, 45, hi; 1833, xxxv; 1834, 
xxvi; 1835, XV ; 1836, xvi; 1837, xvii; 
1838, xx-xxvi; 1839, xai, xxiv; 1840 



7 



Preliminary Index. 



General Committee, Proceedings and Resolu- 
tions of the (continued) : — 
xxiii, xxxiv; 1841, xix; 1842, xix, xx- 
xxix ; 1843, xx ; 1844, xxi, xxx ; 1845, 
XV ; 1846, xix; 1847, xix; 1848, xxii ; 
1849, xix : 1850, xxi ; 1851, xdx ; 1852, 
xxxii; 1853, xxxiii; 1854, xlvi; 1855, 
Ixiii; 1856, xxxLx; 1857, xxxix; 1858, 
1859, xlix ; 1860, xlv. 



Officers of Sectional Committees : — 

\st Meeting (York), 1831^2, 46. 
2nd Meeting (Oxford), 1831-32, 1 12. 
^rd Meeting (Cambridge), 1833, xxxix. 
4th Meeting (Edinburgh), 1834, xxviii. 
bth Meeting (Dublin), 1835, ix. 
Q,th Meeting (Bristol), 1836, ix. 
'Jth Meeting (Liverpool), 1837, ix. 
Sth Meeting (Newcastle), 1838, xii. 
^th Meeting (Birmingham), 1839, xii. 
lOth Meeting (G-lasgow), 1840, xii. 
Wth Meeting (Plymouth), 1841, xi. 
\2th Meeting (Manchester), 1842, xi. 
l^th Meeting (Cork), 1843, xi. 
14^^ Meeting (York), 1844, xi. 
\bth Meeting {Csimbridige), 1845, xiv. 
\Qth Meeting (Southampton), 1846, xv. 
\1th Meeting (Oxford), 1847, xv. 
\Sth Meeting (Swansea), 1848, xv. 
\^th Meeting (Birmingham), 1849, xv. 
20a Meeting (Edinburgh), 1850, xv. 
2\st Meeting (Ipswich), 1851, xxi. 
22wf^ Meeting (Belfast), 1852, xxiii. 
2^rd Meeting (HuU), 1853, xxiii. 
2Ath Meeting (Liverpool), 1854, xxv. 
2oth Meeting (G-lasgow), 1855, xxvii. 
2Qth Meeting {Chelienhsim), 1856, xxvii. 
27M Meeting (Dublin), 1857, xxvii. 
2Qth Meeting (Leeds), 1858, xxvi. 
29z?A Meeting (Aberdeen), 1859, xxvii. 
20th Meeting (Oxford), 1860, xxix. 

Recommendations, Desiderata, 8fc. : — 
1st Meeting (York), 1831-32, 48. 
2nd Meeting (Oxford), 1831-32, 115. 
3rd Meeting (Cambridge), 1833, xxxvi, 

467. 
4:th Meeting (Edinburgh), 1834, xxx, 

xxxii. 
bth Meeting (Dublin), 1835, xv. 
6th Meeting (Bristol), 1836, xvi. 
7th Meeting (Liverpool), 1837, xvii. 
8th Meeting (Newcastle), 1838, xx. 
Qth Meeting (Birmingham), 1839, xxii. 
lOth Meeting (Glasgow), 1840, xxiii. 
llth Meeting (Plymouth), 1841, xix. 
12?;^ Meeting (Manchester), 1842, xix, 

XX. 

I3th Meeting (Cork), 1843, xx. 
Uth Meeting (York), 1844, xxi. 
I5th Meeting (Cambridge), 1845, xv. 
IQth Meeting (Southampton), 1846, xix. 
17th Meeting (Oxford), 1847, xix. 
18th Meeting (Swansea), 1848, xxii. 
19^^ Meeting (Birmingham), 1849, xix. 
20^^ Meeting (Eddnhurgh), 1850, xxi. 



Recommmdaiions, Desiderata, ^c. (con- 
tinued) : — 

21st Meeting (Ipswich), 1851, xxix. 
22nd Meeting (Belfast), 1852, xxxii. 
23rd Meeting (Hull), 1853, xxxiii. 
24th Meeting (Liverpool), 1854, xlvi. 
2bth Meeting (Glasgow), 1855, Ixiii. 
26?;^ ilfee?f% (Cheltenham), 1856, xxxix. 
27th Meeting (Dublin), 1857, xxxix. 
28th Meeting (Leeds), 1858, xxxix. 
2^th Meeting (Aberdeen), 1859, xlix. 
30th Meeting (Oxford), 1860, xlv. 

Treasurer's Accounts : — 

1831-32, 124; 1833, viii; 1834, xiv; 
1835, xi; 1836, xi; 1837, xi; 1838, 
xiv; 1839, xiv; 1840, xiv; 1841, xii; 
1842, xii ; 1843, xii ; 1844, xii ; 1845, 
xii; 1846, xii; 1847, xii; 1848, xii; 
1849, xii ; 1850, xii ; 1851 , xviii ; 1852, 
XX ; 1853, XX ; 1854, xxiii ; 1855, xxv ; 
1856, xxiii; 1857, xxiii; 1858, xxiii; 
1859, xxiii ; 1860, xxiv. 

Rej^orts of the Council to the General Com- 



at Cork, 1843, xxxiv. 
York, 1844, xlvi. 
Southampton, 1846, xvi. 
Oxford, 1847, xvi. 
Swansea, 1848, xvi. 
Birmingham, 1849, xvi. 
Edinburgh, 1850, xvi. 
Ipswich, 1851, xxiii. 
Belfast, 1852, xxiv. ' 
HuU, 1853, xxiv. 
Liverpool, 1854, xxvi. 
Glasgow, 1855, xxviii. 
Cheltenham, 1856, xxviii. 
Dublin, 1857, xxviii. 
Leeds, 1858, xxviii. * 

Aberdeen, 1859, xxviii. 
Oxford, 1860, xxx. 

Reports of the Kew Observatory Com- 



1843, xxxix; 1848, xvii; 1850, xx; 
1853, xxix; 1854, xxvii; 1855, xxx, 
xxxvi, xxxvii ; 1856, xxx ; 1857, xxxi ; 
1858, xxxiii; 1859, xl; 1860, xxxi. 
(See also Reports of the Council and P. 

EONALDS.) 

Reports of the Parliamentary Committee ; — 
at Belfast, 1852, xxix. 
HuU, 1853, xxxi. 
Liverpool, 1854, xlii. 
Glasgow, 1855, xlvii, xlviii. 
Cheltenham, 1856, xxxviii. 
Dublin, 1857, xxxviii. 
Leeds, 1858, xxxvi. 
Aberdeen, 1859, xlvii. 
Oxford, 1860, xliv. 

Synopsis of Sums appropriated to Scientific 
Objects : — 
4th Meeting (Edinburgh), 1834, xl. 



Preliminary Index. 



3 



Synopds of Sums appropriated to Scientific 
Objects (continued) : — 
6th Meeting (Dublin), 1835, xl. 
Gth Meeting (Bristol), 1836, xx. 
7tk Meeting (JAverpool), 1837,xxiii. 
8th Meeting (Newcastle), 1838, xxvii. 
9th Meeting (Birmingham), 1839, xxiv. 
10th Meeting (Glasgow), 1840, xxxii. 
nth Meeting (Plymouth), 1841, xxiv. 
12th Meeting (Manchester), 1842, xxv. 
13;^^ Meeting (Cork), 1843, xxiv. 
Uth Meeting (York), 1844, xxv. 
15th Meeting (Cambridge), 1845, xx. 
16?;^ Meeting (Southampton), 1846, 

xxi. 
17th Meeting (Oxford), 1847, xxi. 
18th Meeting (Swansea), 1848, xxiv. 
Idth Meeting (Birmingham), 1849, 

xxi. 
20?^^ Meeting (Edinburgh), 1850, xxiv. 
21st Meeting (Ipswich), 1851, xxxii. 
22nd Meeting (Belfast), 1852, xxxv. 
23r^ Meeting (Hull), 1853, xxxv. 
24:th Meeting (Liverpool), 1854, xlix. 
25th Meeting (Glasgow), 1855, Ixvii. 
2&h Meeting (Cheltenham), 1856, xlii. 
27th Meeting (Dublin), 1857, xli. 
28th Meeting (Leeds), 1858, xliii. 
29th Meeting (Aberdeen), 1859, lii. 
30th Meeting (Oxford), 1860, xlviii. 

General Statement of Sums paid for Scien- 
tific jMrposes : — 
1843, xxv ; 1844, xxvi ; 1845, xxi ; 1846, 
xxii ; 1847, xxii ; 1848, xxv ; 1849, xxii ; 
1850, xxv; 1851, xxxiii; 1852, xxxvi ; 
1853,xxxvi; 1854, 1 ; 1855,lxviii; 1856, 
xliii ; 1857, xlii ; 1858, xHv ; 1859, liii ; 
1860, 1. 

Reports, Researches, and Desiderata, drawn 

up at the request of the Association, 

and printed in its Transactions : — 

1835, xiii; 1836, xii ; 1837, xii; 1838, 

XV ; 1839, xvi; 1840, xvi ; 1841, xiv; 

1842, xiv ; 1843, xiv ; 1844, xiv. 

(The Contents of the Eeports are 
given at the end of each Volume, com- 
mencing with the year 1836.) 

Corresponding Members : — 

1834, xxvii; 1835, x; 1836, x; 1837, 
X ; 1838, xiii ; 1839, xiii ; 1840, xiii ; 
1841, xi; 1842, xi; 1843, xi; 1844, xi; 
1845, XV ; 1846, xvi; 1847, xvi; 1848, 
xvi ; 1849, xvi ; 1850, xvi ; 1851, xxii ; 
1852, xxiv; 1853, xxiv; 1854, xxvi; 
1855, xxviii ; 1856, xxviii ; 1857, xxviii ; 
1858, xxviii ; 1859, xxviii ; 1860, xxx. 

General Meetings : — 

1831-32, 15, 95; 1833, ix; 1834, ix, 
xxiii; 1837, xliii; 1838, xxx; 1839, 
xxviii; 1840, xxxiv; 1841, xxv; 1842, 
xxix; 1843, xxviii; 1844, xxx; 1845, 
xxv; 1846, xxvi; 1847, xxvi; 1848, 
xxix; 1849, xxvii; 1850, xxx; 1851, 



xxxviii; 1852, xl; 1853, xl; 1854, 
liv; 1855, Ixxii; 1856, xlvii: 1857, 
xlvi ; 1858, xlviii ; 1859, Mi ; 1860, liv. 
Exhibitions : — 
York Meeting, 1831-32, 91. 
Cambridge Meeting, 1833. 
The First Exhibition of the Association 
of Philosophical Instruments, Models 
of Inventions, Products of National 
Industry(with Catalogue), 1838, 189. 
Reasons for thinking that the Annual Meet- 
ings of the Association ought not to 
be restricted to places which present 
formal invitations, 1848, xxi. 
Addresses : — 

1st Meeting (York), by Viscount Mil- 
ton [the late Earl Fitzwilliam], 
1831-32, 15. 
2nd Meeting (Oxford), by the Eev. 

Dr. Buckland, 1831-32, 96. 
3rd Meeting (Cambridge), by the Rev. 
Prof. Sedgwick, 1833, x, xxvii, and 
the Rev. W. Whewell, xi. 
^th Meeting (Edinburgh), by the Rev. 
Prof. Sedgwick, Sir Thomas M. 
Brisbane, and Professor J. D.Forbes, 
1834, ix, xi. 
5th Meeting (Dublin), bv Professor Sir 

William R. Hamilton, 1835, xli. 
Qth Meeting (Bristol), by Professor 

Daubeny, 1836, xxi. 
7th Meeting (Liverpool), by Professor 

Tram, M.D., 1837, xxv. 
8th Meeting (Newcastle), by Mr. Mur- 
chison (Sir R. I. Murchison), 1838, 
xxxi. 
9th Meeting (Birmingham), by the 
Rev. W. Vernon Harcourt, 1839, 
xxix. 
10th Meeting (Glasgow), by Roderick 
I. Murchison, F.R.S., and Major 
Edward Sabine, V.P.R.S, 1840, xxxv. 
nth Meeting (Plymouth), by the Rev. 

Professor Whewell, 1841, xxvii. 
12th Meeting (Manchester), by the Lord 
Francis Egerton [the late Earl of 
Ellesmere], 1842, xxxi. 
13th Meeting (Cork), by the Earl of 

Rosse, 1843, xxix. 
IMh Meeting (York) , by the Very Rev. 
George Peacock, D.D., Dean of Ely, 
F.R.S., 1844, xxxi. 
15th Meeting (Cambridge), by Sir 
John F. W. Herschel, Bart., F.R.S., 
1845, xxvii. 
IGth Meeting (Southampton), by Sir 
Roderick I. Murchison, G.C.St.S., 
F.R.S., 1846, xxvii. 
17th Meeting (Oxford), by Sir Robert 
Harry Inglis, Bart., D.C.L., M.P., 
F.R.S., 1847, xxix. 
18th Meeting (Swansea), by the Mar- 
quis of Northampton, Pres. R.S., 
1848, xxxi. 
19th Meeting (Birmingham), bv the 
b2 



Preliminary Index. 



Addresses (continued) : — 

Eev. Thomas Eomney Eobinson, 
D.p., M.R.I.A., F.R.A.S., 1849, 
xxix. 

^th Meeting (Edinburgh), by Sir 
David Brewster, K.H., D.C.L., 
F.R.S., V.P.R.S.Ed., 1850, xxxi. 

2\st Meeting (Ipswich), by George 
BiddeU Airy, M.A., D.C.L., F.R.S., 
Astronomer JRoyal, 1851, xxxix. 

22>nd Meeting (Belfast), by Colonel 
Edward Sabine, R.A., Treas. and 
V.P.R.S., 1852, xli. 

^rd Meeting (Hull), by WiUiam Hop- 
kins, M.A., V.P.R.S., F.G.S., 1853, 
xli. 

2Ath Meeting (Liverpool), by the Earl 
of Harrowby, F.R.S., 1854, Iv. 



Addresses (continued) : — 

'2>bth Meeting (Glasgow), by the Duke 

of ArgyU, F.R.S, 1855, Ixxiii. 
2Qth Meeting (Cheltenham), by Profes- 
sor Charles Daubeny, M.D., F.R.S., 

1856, xlviii. 
21th Meeting (Dublin), by the Rev. 

Humphrey Lloyd, D.D., D.C.L., 

F.R.S. L. & E., V.P.R.I.A., 1857, 

xlvii. 
2^th Meeting (Leeds), by Richard 

Owen, M.D., D.C.L., V.P.R.S., 

F.L.S., 1858, xlix. 
29if^ Meeting (Aberdeen), by His Royal 

Highness the Prince Consort, 1859, 

lix. 
^th Meeting (Oxford), by the Lord 

Wrottesley, F.R.S., 1860, Iv. 



[In the Index of Authors of Reports which follows, the names of the Members of 
Committees by whom Reports were presented are included as Authors, though 
in several instances the Reports were drawn up or signed by only one of the 
Committee.] 



REPORTS, &c. 

INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Abercrombie (Dr.), report on the registra- 
tion of deaths, 1835, 251. 

Adams (E.), report on the motions and 
sounds of the heart, 1835, 243; 1836, 
275. 

, report on the pathology of the brain 

and nervous system, 1836, 283. 

Agassiz (Prof.), report on the fossil fishes of 
the Devonian system, or old red sandstone, 

1842, 80. 

, synoptical table of British fossil fishes, 

1843, 194. 

, rapport sur les poissons fossiles de 

I'argile de Londres (with translation), 

1844, 279. 

Airy (G-. B,), report on astronomy, 1831-32, 
125. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich lunar and planetary observations, 
1838, 315; 1840,423. 

, report on the extension of the Royal 

Astronomical Society's Catalogue of Stars 
(British Association Catalogue of Stars), 

1838, 316; 1839, 174; 1840,425; 1841, 
330; 1842, 206. 

, report on the reduction of the stars 

in the Histoire Celeste, 1838, 316; 1839, 
174; 1840,426; 1841, 330; 1842, 205; 

1845, 339. 

, report on the reduction of Lacaille's 

stars in the Coelum Australe Stelliferum, 

1839, 171 ; 1840, 427 ; 1841, 327; 1842, 
205 ; 1845, 339. 

, report on the hourly observations 

made at Plymouth, 1841, 328. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1843, 128. 

, report on simultaneous magnetical 

and meteorological observations, 1845, i, 
52. 

, suggestions for the observation of the 

total eclipse of the sun, 1850, 361. 

, address at the Meeting at Ipswich, 

1851, xxxix. 

, report for procuring a continuance of 

the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 

Alder (J.), report on the British Nudi- 
branchiate Mollusca, 1844, 24. 

Alison (Di\ W. P.), report on the registra- 
tion of deaths, 1835, 251. 

, report on the vital statistics of large 

towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 



Allman (Prof.), report on the periodical 
phenomena of animals and vegetables, 
1845, 321. 

on freshwater Polyzoa, 1850, 305. 

Anderson (A.), report on the measurement 
of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Anderson (Rev. Dr.), report on the excava- 
tions in Dura Den, 1860, 32. 

Andrews (Dr. T.), report on the heat of 
combination, 1849, 63. 

Archer (Prof. T. C), report on the animal 
and vegetable products imported into 
Liverpool, 1857, 254. 

Argyll (Duke of), memorial on the Ord- 
nance Survey of Scotland, 1851, 370. 

, address at the Glasgow Meeting, 1855, 

Ixxiii. 

, report on metals for ordnance, 1855, 

100. 

Armstrong (Sir.W. G.) on the appKca- 
tion of water-pressure machinery, 1854, 
417. 

AsHWORTH (E.), report of experiments con- 
ducted at Stormontfield, near Perth, for 
the artificial propagation of salmon, 1856, 
451. 

Atherton (C.) on mercantile steam-trans- 
port economy, 1856, 423. 

, report on the measurement of ships 

for tonnage, 1856, 458; 1857, 62. 

, suggestions for statistical inquiry into 

the extent to which mercantile steam trans- 
port economy is affected by the construct- 
ive type of shipping, as respects the pro- 
portions of length, breadth, and depth, 
1857, 112. 

, report on shipping statistics, 1858, 

239- 

on mercantile steam transport eco- 
nomy as affected by the consumption of 
coals, 1859, 124. 

, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Babington (Prof. C. C), report on the pre- 
servation of vegetative powers in seeds, 
1841, 50. 

, report on the preservation of animal 

and vegetable substances, 1842, 40. 

, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1843, 292 ; 1844, 93. 

■, report on the periodical phenomena 

of animals and vegetables, 1845, 321. 



6 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Babington (Prof. C. C), report on typical 
objects in natural history for local mu- 
seums, 1855, io8; 1856, 461. 
Bache (Dr. A. D.) on the magnetic obser- 
vatory at Philadelphia, 1842, 209. 

Baily (P.), report on the comparative mea- 
surement of the Aberdeen standard scale, 
1835, 91. 

, report on the reduction of Greenwich 

observations of the moon, 1838, 315. 

, report on the establishment of an ob- 
servatory at Liverpool, 1838, 316. 

, report on the reduction of the 

stars in the Histoire Celeste, 1838, 316 ; 
1839, 174; 1840, 426; 1841, 330; 1842, 
205. 

, report on the extension of the Astro- 
nomical Society's Catalogue of Stars 
(British Association Catalogue of Stars), 
1838, 316; 1839, 174; 1840, 425; 1841, 
330; 1842, 206. 

, report on the application to Govern- 
ment relative to the Royal Observatory 
at the Cape of Good Hope, 1839, 
172. 

, report on the nomenclature of the 

stars, 1839, 172; 1840, 426; 1841, 44; 
1843, 292 ; 1844, 32 ; Appendix, 34. 

Baines (Et. Hon. M. T.), report on the pa- 
tent laws, 1859, 191. 

Baird (Dr.), typical list of Entomostraca 
for local museums, 1855, 120. 

Balfour (Prof.), report on typical objects 
in natural history for local museums, 
1855, 108; 1856, 461. 

, report on dredging, 1856, 47. 

Ball (E..), report on the marine zoology of 
Great Britain, 1840, 444; 1841, 331; 
1842,213. 

, report on the periodical phenomena of 

animals and vegetables, 1845, 321. 

Barlow (P.), report on the strength of ma- 
terials, 1833, 93. 

Barlow (P. W.) on the mechanical effect of 
combining girders and suspension chains, 
and a comparison of the weight of metal 
in ordinary and suspension girders, to 
produce equal deflections with a given 
load, 1857, 238. 

Bartlett (Mr.), report on the marine 
zoology of Britain, 1842, 213. 

Bate (C. Spence), report on the British 
Edriophthahna, 1855, 18. 

Bateman (J. F.) on the supply of water to 
towns, 1855, 62. 

Beckley (R.), description of a self-record- 
ing anemometer, 1858, 306. 

Beeciiey (Admiral), report on the effects 
produced upon the channels of the Mersey, 
by the alterations made in its banks, 1855, 
143 ; 1856, I. 

Belcher (Capt. Sir E.), report on metals 
for ordnance, 1855, 100. 

Bell (Dr. J. P.) on the character and 
measurements of degradation of the 
Yorkshire coast, 1853, 81. 



Bell (T.), typical list of Podophthalma for 
local museums, 1855, 119. 

Bellamy (H.), report on the marine zoology 
of Britain, 1842, 213. 

Berkeley (Rev. M. J.), report on typical 
objects in natural history for local mu- 
seums, 1855, 108; 1856,461. 

BiNNEY (E. W.), report on the excavation 
made at the junction of the lower new 
red sandstone with the coal-measures at 
Colly hurst, near Manchester, 1843, 241. 

BiRT (W. R.), reduction of meteorological 
observations, 1841, 42 ; 1842, 208. 

, reports on atmospheric waves, 1844, 

267; 1845, 112; 1846, 119, 372; 1847, 
351; 1848,35. 

, details of observations of meteors, 

1849, 50. 

, report on electrical observations at 

Kew, 1849, 113. 
, observations of luminous meteors, 

1850, 106; 1852, 232, 234; 1853, 15, 
17, 21, 23, 25, 27, 34. 

on a luminous beam seen in the sky, 

1S54, 410. 
Blackwall (John), report on the structure, 

functions and economy of the Araneidea, 

1844, 62. 
Blake (J.), report on the physiological ac- 
tion of medicines, 1843, 115; 1845, 82; 

1846, 27. 
Boguslawski (Prof. Von), letter relative to 

the magnetical observatory at Breslau, 

1840, 431. 
on magnetic observations, 1842, 11 ; 

1843, 59; 1844, 154. 

on the comet of 1843 ; 1845, 86. 

Bond (Prof. W. C.) on a meteor seen at 

Cambridge, U.S., 1855, 94. 
Booth (Rev. Dr. J.) on the trigonometry of 

the parabola, and the geometrical origin 

of logarithms, 1856, 68. 
Boreham (W. W.), observations of meteors, 

1851, 39 ; 1852, 230, 233 ; 1853, 34. 
Boult (J.), report on the changes in the 

channels of the Mersey, 1855, 143 ; 
1856, I. 
Bowerbank (J. S.), report on typical objects 
in natural history for local museums, 

1855, 108; 1856,461. 

on the vital powers of the Spongiadee, 

1856, 438 ; 1857, 121. 

Brand (Mr.), report on engraving skeleton 
maps for recording the distribution of 
plants and animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 

3^7- 
Bread ALBANE (Marquis of), memorial on the 

Ordnance Survey of Scotland, 1851, 370. 
Brewster (Sir D.), the honorary degree of 

D.C.L. conferred on, by the University of 

Oxford, 1831-32, 100. 

, report on optics, 1831-32, 308. 

, report on the hourly meteorological 

observations kept in Scotland, 1839, 27 ; 

1840, 349 ; 1841, 329 ; 1842, 206 ; 1843, 

292, 293; 1844, 391. 



REPORTS^ ETC. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Brewster (Sir D.), report on the trans- 
lation and publication of foreign scientific 
memoirs, 1841, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 
129. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1841, 55. 

— — , report on the erection of Osier's ane- 
mometer at Inverness, 1841, 329 ; 1842, 
206. 

report on the action of gaseous and 

other media on the solar spectrum, 1841, 
329 ; 1843, 293. 

, address at the Edinburgh Meeting, 

1850, xxxi. 

, memorial on the Ordnance Survey of 

Scotland, 1851, 370. 

, report on the scientific objects to be 

sought for by continuing balloon ascents, 
I860, 43. 

Briqgs (Maj.-General J.) on the aboriginal 
tribes of India, 1850, 169. 

Brisbane (Sir T. M.) on magnetical and 
meteorological observations, 1845, 33. 

Broderip (W. J.), report on zoological 
nomenclature, 1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

Broun (J. A.) on magnetic and meteoro- 
logical observations, 1845, 34. 

Brown (E.), the honorary de^ee of D.C.L. 
conferred on, by the University of Oxford, 
1831-32, 100. 

— — , report on the translation and pub- 
lication of foreign scientific memoirs, 
1840, 446; 1841, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 
129. 

Bryce (J., jun.), report on registering 
shocks of earthquakes in Great Britain, 
1842, 92 ; 1843, 120. 

report on the mud of rivers, 1841, 

330- 

Buck (Mr.), report on the consumption 
of fuel and prevention of smoke, 1843, 
294. 

BucKLAND (Rev. Dr.), address at the Oxford 
Meeting, 1831-32, 96. 

on the fossil remains of the Megathe- 

ritmi, from South America, 1831-32, 
104. 

, address on resigning the President's 

Chair, 1833, ix. 

, report on the application to govern- 
ment for a depository for mining records, 
1839, 174. 

, notice relative to the report on the 

fossil fishes of the old red sandstone of 
Great Britain, 1841, 331. 

, report on coloured drawings of the 

sections of strata exposed in railway ex- 
cavations, 1841, 331; 1842, 38; 1843, 
295. 

, report on registering the shocks of 

earthquakes in Great Britain, 1842, 92 ; 
1843,120; 1844,85. 

BucKMAN (Prof.), report on the growth of 
plants in the garden of the Royal Agri- 
cultural College, Cirencester, 1857, 200 ; 
1859, 22 ; 1860, 34. 



BuDD (J. P.) on the advantageous use of the 
gaseous escape from the blast-furnaces at 
the Ystalyfera iron works, 1848, 75. 

BuDDLE (J.), report on the application to 
Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

BuiST (Dr.), meteorological observations 
made at the observatory, Bombay, 1845, 

75- 

, notices of observations of luminous 

meteors, 1849,3, 34 5 1850, 118; 1851,43, 
50; 1852,238. 

BuLARD (C.), observations of luminous 
meteors, 1852, 191-197; 1854, 410. 

BuNSEN (Prof), report on the gases evolved 
from iron furnaces, with reference to the 
theory of the smelting of iron, 1845, 
142. 

' , photochemical researches, 1856, 62. 

BuNSEN (Dr. C. C. J.) on the results of 
the Egyptian researches in reference to 
Asiatic and African ethnology, and the 
classification of languages, 1847, 254. 

Bunt (T. G.) account of the leveling opera- 
tions between the Bristol Channel and 
the English Channel, 1838, 11. 

, on tide calculations, 1839, 13; 1840, 

439 ; 1841, 30. 

Burlington (Earl of), report on the reduc- 
tion of the Greenwich observations of the 
moon, 1838, 315. 

Busk (G.), typical list of Polyzoa for local 
museums, 1855, 117. 

, typical list of Anthozoa for local 

museums, 1855, 121. 

Caithness (Earl of), report on steam-ship 
performance, 1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Carlile (Dr. H.), report on the motions and 
sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 

275- 
Carpenter (P. P.), report on the Mollusca 

of the west coast of North America, 1856, 

159. 
Carpenter (Dr. W. B.) on the microscopic 

structure of shells, 1844, i ; 1847, 93. 
Carte (Dr.), report on the marine fauna of 

the S. and W. coasts of Ireland, 1858, 

176. 
, report on dredging Dublin Bay, 1858, 

262; 1859, 80; 1860, 27. 
Cavendish, on the discoveries of, 1839, 6-68. 

, extracts from his MSS., 1839, 45. 

, lithographic extracts from MS. of, 

1839, 69. 
Cayley (A.), report on the formation of a 

catalogue of philosophical memoirs, 1856, 

463. 
, report on theoretical dynamics, 1856, 

462 ; 1857, I ; memoirs and works re- 
ferred to, 40. 
, report on the progress in the solution 

of certain special problems in dynamics, 

1859, 310. 
CiiADWiCK (E.), report on the vital statistics 

of large towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 



8 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Challis (Rev. Prof. J.), report on the ana- 
lytical theory of hydrostatics and hy- 
drodynamics, 1833, 131. 

, report on the theory of capillary at- 
traction, 1834, 253. 

, supplementary report on the mathe- 
matical theoiy of fluids, 1836, 225. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich observations of the moon, 1838, 

3^5- 

, report on the British Association 

Catalogue of Stars, 1845, 340. 

, drawings of different features of a 

portion of the moon's surface, comprising 
Plato, the Alps, the valley of the Alps, and 
Cassini, 1854, 415. 

Chambers (C), supplementary notes to Mr. 
Crookes's description of the wax-paper 
photographic process for photometeoro- 
graphic registration, 1859, 220. 

CiiESNEY (Major-Gteneral) on the construc- 
tion and general use of efficient life-boats 

1854, 327. 

Chevallier (Rev. Prof.) on brilliant me 

teors, 1850, 107 ; 1851, 42. 
Christie (Prof. S. H.), report on the mag 

netism of the earth, 1833, 105. 
Christison (Dr.), report on chemical nota 

tion, 1835, 207. 
, report on the registration of deaths 

1835, 251. 
Clark (Prof. W.), report on animal physi 

ology, 1834, 95. 
Clark (Dr.), report on chemical notation 

1835, 207. 
, report on the preservation of animal 

and vegetable substances, 1840, 421. 
Clegiiorn (Dr. H.), report on the probable 

effects in an economical and physical 

point of view of the destruction of tropical 

forests, 1851, 78. 
Clendinning (Dr. J.), report on the mo- 
tions and sounds of the heart, 1836, 261 ; 

1840, 163, 173. 
Colby (Col.), report on a level line, mea- 
sured from the Bristol Channel to the 

English Channel, 1838, i. 
CoNNAL (M.), report on animal, vegetable, 

and mineral substances imported from 

foreign countries into the Clyde, 1858, 

185. 
CoNYBEARE (Rcv. W. D.), report on geology, 

1831-32, 365. 
Couch (J.), report on the marine zoology of 

Britain, 1842, 213. 
, list of British fish for local museums, 

1855, 113. 

Crookes (W.), description of the wax-paper 
photographic process employed for the 
photometeorographic registrations at the 
Kadcliffe observatory, 1859, 206. 

Cull (R.), manual of ethnological inquiry, 
being a series of questions concerning the 
lumian race, 1852, 243. 

CuMMiNG (Rev. PiHif.), report on thermo- 
electricity, 1831-32, 301. 



CuMMiNG (Rev. Prof.), report on chemical 

notation, 1835, 207. 
, report on the preservation of animal 

and vegetable substances, 1840, 421. 

Dalton (John), the honorary degree of 
D.C.L. conferred on, by the University of 
Oxford, 1831-32, 100. 

, report on chemical notation, 1835, 207. 

Daniell (Prof.), report on chemical nota- 
tion, 1835, 207. 

Darwin (C), report on the varieties of the 
human race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332. 

, report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

, typical list of Cirripedia for local 

museums, 1855, 121. 

Daubeny (Dr.), address at the Bristol Meet- 
ing, 1836, xxi. 

, report on mineral and thermal waters, 

1836, I. 

, on the growth of plants confined in 

glass vessels, 1837, 505. 

, report on the growth and vitality of 

seeds, 1842, 34; 1843, 105; 1844, 94; 
1845, 337 ; 1846, 20 ; 1847, 145 ; 1848, 
31; 1849, 78; 1850, 160; 1851, 53; 
1852, 177; 1853, 67; 1854, 439; 1855, 

78; 1857,43- 

on the influence of carbonic acid gas 

on the health of plants, especially of those 
allied to the fossil remains foimd in the 
coal formation, 1848, 97 ; 1849, 56 ; 
1850, 159. 

on the nomenclature of 

pounds, 1851, 124. 

, address at the Cheltenham Meeting, 

1856, xlviii. 

Davis (J.), report on the internal changes 
in the constitution of metals, 1843, 294. 

Davy (Prof. E.), report on the action of 
water on iron, 1838, 253 ; 1839, 171. 

De la Beche (Sir H. T.), report on the ap- 
plication to Grovernment for a depository 
for mining records, 1839, 174. 

, report on coloured drawings of rail- 
way sections, 1841, 331 ; 1842, 38 ; 1843, 

295- 

De la Rue (W.), report on celestial photo- 
graphy in England, 1859, 130. 

Denny (H.), notice of his works on Ano- 
plura, 1841, 331 ; 1844, 392 ; 1845, 342. 

Devonshire (Duke of), vide Earl of Bur- 
lington. 

Dickie (Dr. G.), report on the marine zoo- 
logy of Strangford Lough, Co. Down, and 
corresponding part of the Irish Channel, 

1857, 104. 

, report of the Belfast dredging com- 
mittee, 1857, 220; 1858,282; 1859, 116. 

DiLLWYN (W. L.), report on the application 
to Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

DoBSON (T.), report on the relation between 
explosions in coal-mines and revolving 
storms, 1855, i. 



organic com- 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Donaldson (Eev. Dr. J. W.) on two un- 
solved problems in Indo-German philo- 
logy, 1851, 138. 

Douglas (D.), magnetical observations, 

1837, 27- 

Dove (Prof.) on magnetical and meteoro- 
logical observations, 1845, 24, 57. 

, temperature tables, 1847, 373 ; supple- 
ment, 1848, 84. 

, remarks on the monthly isothermal 

lines of the globe, and on some of the 
principal conclusions in regard to cli- 
matology deducible from them : with an 
introductory notice by Lieut. -Col. Sabine, 
1848, 85. 

Drew (J.) on the climate of Southampton, 
1851, 54. 

Dublin Committee, on the pathology of the 
brain and nervous system, 1836, 283. 

Dublin Sub-Committee, Eeport on the mo- 
tions and sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 
1836, 275. 

DuFFERiN (Lord), report on steam-ship per- 
formance, 1859, 268; 1860, 193. 

Earle (H.), report on railway constants, 

1838, 197. 

Eddy (S.) on the lead-mining districts of 

Yorkshire, 1858, 167. 
Edinburgh Sub-Committee, report on the 

registration of deaths, 1835, 251. 
Egerton (Lord Francis), address at the 

Manchester Meeting, 1842, xxxi. 
Egerton (Sir P.), report on the application 

to Government for a depository for min- 
ing records, 1839, 174. 
, report on the effects produced upon 

the channels of the Mersey, by alterations 

made in its banks, 1856, i. 
Egerton (Hon. Capt.), report on steam-ship 

performance, 1860, 193. 
Ellesmere (Earl of), vide Lord F. Egerton. 
Ellis (R. L.), report on the progress of 

analysis (theory of the comparison of 

transcendentals), 1846, 34. 
Ely (Dean of). Vide Rev. G. Peacock. 
Enys (J.), report on a constant indicator for 

steam-engines, 1841, 307 ; 1842, 98. 
Enys (J. S.), report on the application to 

Government for a depository for mining 

records, 1839, 174. 
, report of experiments on steam-en- 
gines, 1843, 104 ; 1844, 90. 
Erichsen (Mr.), notice of researches on 

asphyxia, 1843, 294. 
Erman (Dr. Adolphe) on magnetical and 

meteorological observations, 1845, 38. 
on the calculation of the Gaussian 

constants, 1846, 92 ; 1847, 377 ; 1848, 98. 
Erman (Paul) on the influence of friction 

upon thermo-electricity, 1845, 102. 
Eyton (T. C), report on the oyster-beds and 

oysters of the British shores, 1856, 368. 
— — , report on dredging, 1856, 47. 

Fairbairn (W.), report on the strength and 



other properties of cast iron obtained 
from the hot and cold blast, 1837, 377 ; 

1842, 88. 

Fairbaibn (W.), report on the consumption 
of fuel and prevention of smoke, 1843, 
294; 1844, 100, 118. 

, report on the internal changes in the 

constitution of metals, 1843, 294. 

, researches to determine the strength 

of locomotive boilers, and the causes 
which lead to explosion, 1853, 53. 

on the mechanical properties of metals 

as derived from repeated meltings, ex- 
hibiting the maximum point of strength 
and the causes of deterioration, 1853, 87. 

, report on metals for ordnance, 1855, 

100. 

on the tensile strength of wrought 

iron at various temperatures, 1856, 405. 

on the resistance of tubes to collapse, 

1857, 215. 

, report on the patent laws, 1858, 164; 

1859, 191. 

on the collapse of glass globes and cy- 
linders, 1858, 174. 

, report on shipping statistics, 1858, 239. 

, experiments to determine the efficiency 

of continuous and self-acting breaks for 
railway trains, 1859, 76. 

, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

, experiments to determine the effect of 

vibratory action and long-continued 
changes of load upon wrought-iron girders, 
I860, 45. 

Faraday (Prof.), the honorary degree of 
D.C.L. conferred on, by the University of 
Oxford, 1831-32, 100. 

, report on chemical notation, 1835, 207. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1859, 289. 

Fasel (F. Vnt.), observations of luminous 
meteors, 1854, 412. 

Fitzwilliam (Earl), vide Vicount Milton. 

Fleming (Dr.), report of experiments con- 
ducted at Stormontfield near Perth, for the 
artificial propagation of salmon, 1856, 45 1, 

Forbes (Prof. E.), report on the distribution 
of pulmoniferous Mollusca in the British 
Isles, 1839, 127. 

, report on the marine zoology of 

Britain, 1840, 444 ; 1841, 331 ; 1842, 213 ; 
1850, 192. 

, report on engraving skeleton maps for 

recording the distribution of plants and 
animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 

, report on the Mollusca and Radiata 

of the ^Egean Sea, and on their distribu- 
tion, considered as bearing on geology, 

1843, 130. 

, examples of dredging papers, 1843, 180. 

, report on dredging operations roimd 

the coasts of Anglesea, 1844, 390 ; 1845, 

, report on the periodical phenomena 

of animals and vegetables, 1845, 321. 



10 



REPORTSj ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Forbes (Prof. E.) , report for procuring 
drawings of the radiate animals of the 
British Islands, 1840, 444, 
Forbes (Prof. J. D.), report on meteorology, 
1831-32, 106 ; supplementary report, 
1840,37. 

, address at the Edinburgh Meeting, 

1834, xi. 

, report of experiments on subterranean 

temperature, 1836, 291. 
, report on the temperature and con- 
ducting power of different strata, 1838, 
315; 1840,434. 

, report on the hourly meteorological 

observations in Scotland, 1839, 27; 1840, 
349 ; 1841, 329; 1842, 206; 1843, 292, 293. 
, report on the action of Osier's ane- 
mometer at Edinburgh, 1840, 435. 
-^ , report for causing a plate to be en- 
graved for printing paper ruled in squares, 
1840, 436. 
, report on registering shocks of earth- 
quakes in Great Britain, 1841, 46 ; 1842, 
92; 1843, 120; 1844, 85. 
, report on the erection of Osier's anemo- 
meter at Inverness, 1842, 206 ; 1843, 292. 

, suggestions for the observation of the 

total eclipse of the sim, 1850, 361. 

, memorial on the Ordnance Survey of 

Scotland, 1851, 370. 

on the laws of the conduction of heat, 

1852, 260. 
, report on earthquakes and seismo- 
meters, 1854, 370, 

, report on the scientific objects to be 

sought for by continuing balloon ascents, 
1860, 43. 
FoRCHHAMMER (Prof.) on the influence of 
fucoidal plants upon the formations of the 
earth, on metamorphism in general, and 
particularly the metamorphosis of the 
Scandinavian alimi-slate, 1844, 155. 

on comparative analytical researches 

on sea-water, 1846, 90. 
Foster (G. C), report on the progress and 

state of organic chemistry, 1859, i. 
Fox (R. W.), report of experiments on the 
electricity of metallic veins, and the tem- 
perature of mines, 1837, 133. 

, magnetic observations, 1838, 67, 89, 

loi, 147. 
, report of observations on subterra- 
nean temperature, 1840, 309. 

, report on the temperature of some 

deep mines in Cornwall, 1857, 96. 

, report on the magnetic survey of 

Great Britain, 1857, 130; 1858, 185. 
Freycinet's (Capt.) magnetic observations, 
1837, 35. 

Gages (A.), report on the results obtained 
by the mechanico-chemical examination 
of rocks and minerals, 1859, 65. 

Garnons (Rev. W. L. P.), report on the 
preservation of animal and vegetable sub- 
stances, 1842, 40. 



Garrett (J. R.), the freshwater fishes of 
Ulster, as in the MSS. of the late W. 
Thompson, 1852, 290. 

, supplementary report on the fauna 

, of Ireland, by the late W. Thompson, 
1852, 290. 

Gassiot (J. P.), report on experiments with 
balloons, 1859, 289. 

Gauss (Cn. F.) on magnetical and meteoro- 
logical observations, 1845, 42, 64. 

Gilbert (D. G.), report on the application 
to Government for a depository for min-^ 
ing records, 1839, 174. 

Gilbert (Dr. J. H.) on the composition of 
foods, in relation to respiration and the 
feeding of animals, 1852, 323. 

on the equivalency of starch and sugar 

in food, 1854, 421. 

GiLMORE (Allan), report on the measure- 
ment of ships for tonnage, 1856, 458. 

Gladstone (Dr. J. H.) on the influence of 
the solar radiations on plants, 1852, 239 ; 
1854,373; 1855,15. 

, observations of luminous meteors, 

1858, 145 ; 1859, 88. 

, report on luminous meteors, 1860, 1. 

Glaisiier (J.), report on luminous meteors, 

1860, I. 
Glynn (J.) on the turbine or horizontal 

water-wheel of France and Germany, 

1847, 147. 

on water-pressure engines, 1848, 1 1. 

GoDERiCH (Lord), report on the patent laws, 

1859, 191. 

Godwin (J.) on railway-bar corrosion, 1849,'' 

95- 

GooDSiR (Prof.), report on the marine 
zoology of Britain, 1840, 444; 1841, 331; 
1842, 213. 

, report on procuring drawings of the 

Radiate animals of the British Islands, 
1840, 444. 

Graham (Prof. R.) on the remarkable 
plants of the neighbourhood of Dublin, 
Edinburgh, and south-west of Scotland, 
1836, 253. 

, report on the engraving of skeleton 

maps for recording the distribution of 
plants and animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 

, report on the translation and publica- 
tion of foreign scientific memoirs, 1841, 
328; 1842, 2io; 1843, 129. 

Graham (Sir James), report on steam-ship 
performance, 1859, 268. 

Graham (T.), report on chemical notation, 
1835, 207. 

, report on the translation and publi- 
cation of foreign scientific memoirs, 1841, 
328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

, report on the patent laws, 1858, 164. 

Grant (R.), report on the formation of a 
catalogue of philosophical memoirs, 1856, 

463- 
Grantham (J,), report on the deviations of 
the compass needle in iron and other 
vessels, 1855, 143. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



11 



Gray (Dr. J. E,), report for procuring draw- 
ings of the Kadiate animals of the British 

Islands, 1840, 444. 
, report on engraving skeleton maps 

for recording the distribution of plants 

and animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 
, report on the marine zoology of Britain, 

1840,444; 1841, 331; 1842, 213. 
, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332; 1843, 

292 ; 1844, 93. 
Gray (W.), report on the quantities of rain 

falling at different elevations at York, 

1835, 171. 
Greene (Dr. G.), report on the motions and 

sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 275. 
, report on the pathology of the brain 

and nervous system, 1836, 283. 
Greene (Prof. J. Eeay), report on the 

marine fauna of the S. and W. coasts of 

Ireland, 1858, 176. 
, report on dredging Dublin Bay, 1858, 

262 ; 1859, 80 ; 1860, 27. 
Greenock (Lord), report on registering 

shocks of earthquakes in Great Britain, 

1841, 46 ; 1842, 92 ; 1843, 120 ; 1844, 85. 
Greenough (G. B.), report on a level line, 

measured from the Bristol Channel to 

the English Channel, 1838, i. 
Greg (R. P.) on a luminous meteor, 1855, 94. 

, report on luminous meteors, 1860, i. 

, catalogue of meteorites and fireballs, 

1860, 48. 
Gregory (Dr.), report on chemical nota- 
tion, 1835, 207. 
Greville, (Dr.), report on dredging in the 

Frith of Clyde, 1856, 47. 
, report on engraving skeleton maps for 

recording the distribution of plants and 

animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 
Griffith (Sir Rich.), report on a level line, 

measured from the Bristol Channel to the 

English Channel, 1838, i. 
Grubb (T.), report on the improvement of 

telescope and equatorial mountings, 1857, 

195- 

Hadow (Mr.), report on the state of our 
knowledge regarding the photographic 
image, 1859, 103. 

Halliday (A. H.), summary of the Insecta 
of Ireland, 1843, 290. 

Hamilton (Sir W. E.), address at the Dublin 
Meeting, 1836, xli. 

on Mr. Jerrard's method of trans- 
forming and resolving equations, 1836, 295. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich observations of the moon, 1838, 315. 

, report on the determination of the 

arc of longitude between the observatories 
of Armagh and Dublin, 1839, 19. 

Hancock (A.), report on the British Nudi- 
branchiate Mollusca, 1844, 24. 

Hansteen (Prof.), researches in terrestrial 
magnetism, 1835, 61. 

Harcourt (Rev. W. V.), address and ex- 



position of the objects and plan of the 
Association, 1831-32, 17, 21. 

Harcourt (Rev. W V,), address at the 
Birmingham Meeting, 1839, xxix. 

, report on a gas-furnace for experi- 
ments on vitrifaction and other applica- 
tions of high heat in the laboratory, 1844, 
82. 

, reporton the crystalline slags, 1 846, 351. 

, report on the effects of long-continued 

heat, illustrative of geological phenomena, 
1860, 175. 

Hardwich (T. F.), report on the state of 
our knowledge regarding the photographic 
image, 1859, 103. 

Hardwicke (Earl of), report on the mea- 
surement of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Hardy (J.), table for the registration of pe- 
riodic phenomena at Penmanshiel, 1850, 

344- 

Hargreave (Dr. C. J.) on the algebraic 
couple ; and on the equivalents of inde- 
terminate expressions, 1857, 184. 

Harris (Sir W. S.), report on the hourly 
observations of the thermometer at Ply- 
mouth, 1835, 181; 1838, 21; 1839, 149; 
1841, 328; 1842, 30. 

, report of experiments on subterranean 

temperature, 1836, 291. 

, report on Prof. Whewell's anemo- 
meter, 1840, 157; 1841, 36. 

, report on registering shocks of earth- 
quakes in Great Britain, 1842, 92 ; 1843, 
120. 

, report on the results of the discus- 
sion of the meteorological observations 
made at Plymouth and Devonport, 1843, 
291. 

, report on Whewell and Osier's ane- 
mometers at Plymouth, 1844, 241. 

Harrison (J. P.) on limar influence on 
temperature, 1857, 248 ; 1859, 193. 

Harrowby (Earl of), address at the Meeting 
at Liverpool, 1854, Iv. 

, report on the changes in the channels 

of the Mersey, 1855, 143 ; 1856, i. 

, report on the patent laws, 1858, 164. 

Hart (Dr. J.), report on the motions and 
sounds of the heart, 1836, 275. 

Henderson (Mr.), report on the reduction 
of Lacaille's stars, 1839, 171 ; 1840, 427 ; 
1841, 327 ; 1842, 205. 

Henderson (A.) on life-boats, 1855, 143. 

, report on the effects produced on 

the channels of the Mersey by the al- 
terations made in its banks, 1856, i. 

, report on the measurement of ships 

for tonnage, 1856, 458 ; 1857, 62. 

, report on the statistics of life-boats 

and fishing-boats on the coasts of the 
United Eingdom, 1857, 308. 

, reporton shipping statistics, 1858, 239. 

, on river steamers, their form, con- 
struction, and fittings, with reference to 
improving the shallow-water navigation 
on the rivers of India, 1858, 268. 



12 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Henfrby (Prof. A.), report on the regis- 
tration of the periodic phenomena of 
plants and animals, 1849, 78. 

, on the reproduction and supposed 

existence of sexual organs in the higher 
cryptogamous plants, 1851, 102. 

Henry (Dr. W.), an essay on the philoso- 
pliical character of Dr. Priestley, 1831-32, 
60. 

, report on the laws of contagion, 1834, 

67. 

Henry (Dr. W. C), report on the physi- 
ology of the nervous system, 1833, 59. 

Henry (Prof.) on the system of meteo- 
rological observations proposed to be 
established in the United States, 1851, 
320. 

Henslow (Eev. Prof.), report on the pre- 
servation of animal and vegetable sub- 
stances, 1840, 421. 

— — , report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

. , report on the growth and vitality of 

seeds, 1842, 34; 1843, 105; 1844, 94; 
1845, 337; 1846, 20; 1847, 145; 1848, 
31; 1849, 78; 1850, 160; 1851, 53; 
1852, 177; 1853, 67; 1854, 439; 1855, 

78; 1857,43. 

, report on the registration of the peri- 
odic phenomena of plants and animals, 
1849,78. 

, report on typical objects in natural 

history adapted to local museums, 1855, 
108; 1856, 461. 

, list of objects for a typical herbarium 

for local museums, 1855, 124. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), report on mag- 
netical and meteorological observations, 
1839, 31 ; 1840, 427 ; 1841, 38 ; 1842, i ; 

1843, 54; 1844, 143; 1845,1. 

, report on the nomenclature of the 

stars, 1839, 172; 1840, 426; 1841, 44; 
1843, 292 ; 1844, 32 ; Appendix, 34. 

, report on the application to Govern- 
ment relative to the Observatory at the 
Cape of Good Hope, 1839, 172. 

, report on the reduction of Lacaille's 

stars, 1839, 171; 1840,427; 1841, 327; 
1842,205; 1845, 339. 

, report on the reduction of meteoro- 
logical observations made at the equinoxes 
and solstices, 1839, 173 ; 1840, 432 ; 1841, 
42 ; 1842, 208 ; 1843, 60, 295. 

, report on the translation and publica- 
tion of foreign scientific memoirs, 1840, 
446; 1841, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

, report on providing meteorological 

instruments for M. Agassiz and Mr. 
M'Cord, 1841, 41. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1841, 55; 1843, 128. 

, address at the Cambridge Meeting, 

1845, xxvii. 

, report on the reduction of Lalande's 

stars in tlie Hisfoire Celeste, 1845, 339. 

— — , report on the completion of the cata- 



logues of Lalande and Lacaille stars, 1847, 

379- 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), suggestions for 
the observation of the total eclipse of the 
sun, 1850, 361. 

, report for procuring a continuance of 

the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 

Heywood (J.), report on the vital statistics 
of large towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 

, report on the patent laws, 1858, 164; 

1859, 191. 

Hill (Commissioner), report on the patent 
laws, 1858, 164. 

HiNCKS (Eev. T.), list of Polyzoa from Bel- 
fast Bay, 1858, 293. 

Hodges (Dr.) on the composition and eco- 
nomy of the flax plant, 1852, 273. 

, report on the gases evolved in steeping 

flax, and on the composition and economy 
of the flax plant, 1853, 67. 

on flax, 1857, 126. 

HoDGKiN (Dr.), report on the effects of acrid 
poisons, 1835, 211. 

■ , report on the communications between 

the arteries and absorbents, 1836, 289. 

, report on the composition of secre- 
tions, and the organs producing them, 
1837, 139, 149. 

, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332; 1843, 
292 ; 1844, 93 ; 1845, 342. 

, manual of ethnological inquiry, being 

a series of questions concerning the human 
race, 1852, 243. 

HoDGKiNSON (Prof. E.) on impact upon 
beams, 1835, 93, 

on the strength and other mechanical 

properties of cast iron obtained by hot and 
cold blast, 1837, 337. 

, report on a constant indicator for 

steam-engines, 1841, 307 ; 1842, 98. 

, report of experiments on the resist- 
ance of air, 1842, 211. 

on the strength of stones and other 

materials, 1842, 211. 

, report of experiments on steam-en- 
gines, 1843, 104; 1844, 90. 

, on the consumption of fuel and pre- 
vention of smoke, 1843, 294. 

, report on the internal changes in the 

constitution of metals, 1843, 294. 

Hodgson (B. H.), collection of skulls of 
various tribes of mankind inhabiting Ne- 
pal, Prof. Owen's report on, 1859, 95. 

Hooker (Dr. J. D.), report on typical objects 
in natural history for local museums, 
1855, 108 ; 1856, 461. 

Hope (Dr.), report on chemical notation, 
1835, 207. 

Hopkins (W.), report on the geological theo- 
ries of elevation and earthquakes, 1847, 33. 

, address at the Hull Meeting, 1853, xli. 

Horner (L.), report on registering shocks of 
earthquakes in Great Britain, 1842, 92 ; 
1843, 120. 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



13 



HouLDSwoRTH (Mr.), report on the con- 
sumption of fuel and prevention of smoke, 
1843, 294 ; 1844, 100. 

Hudson (Dr. H.) on the phenomena usually 
referred to the radiation of heat, 1835, 
163. 

Humboldt (Baron A. yon) on magnetical 
and meteorological observations, 1845, 
64. 

Hunt (E.), report on the influence of light 
on the germination of seeds and the 
growth of plants, 1842, 75 ; 1844, 29 ; 
1846, 33. 

, report on the actinograph, 1845, 90 ; 

1846, 31. 

on the influence of the solar rays on 

the growth of plants, 1847, 17. 

— : — , report on the action of carbonic acid 
on the growth of plants allied to those of 
the coal formations, 1848, 84. 

, report on the chemical action of the 

solar radiations, 1850, 137; 1852, 262; 
1853, 68. 

Hunt (T. C), results of meteorological ob- 
servations taken at St. Michael's, 1850, 

133- 
Huxley (Prof,), report on typical objects 
in natural history for local museums, 

1855, 108; 1856, 461. 

on a scheme to exhibit the equivalent 

classes and subclasses of the animal king- 
dom, 1855, 128. 

Hyndman (G-. C), report of the Belfast 
dredging committee, 1857, 220 ; 1858, 
282; 1859, 116. 

Inglis (Sir E. H.), address at the Oxford 
Meeting, 1847, xxix. 

Jacob (Prof. A.) on the infraorbital cavi- 
ties in deers and antelopes, 1835, 208. 

Jardine (Sir W.), report on Anoplura, 1841, 
331; 1844,392. 

, report on the translation and publica- 
tion of foreign scientific memoirs, 1841, 

, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

, report on typical objects in natural 
history for local museums, 1855, 108 ; 

1856, 461. 

, report of experiments conducted at 

Stormontfield, near Perth, for the arti- 
ficial propagation of salmon, 1856, 451. 

Jeffreys (J. G.), list of Testacea found in 
dredged sand from the TurbotBank, near 
Belfast Bay, 1858, 287. 

Jenyns (Eev. L.), report on zoology, 1834, 

H3- 

, report on the preservation of animal 

and vegetable substances, 1840, 421. 

■ , report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

, report on the registration of the pe- 
riodic phenomena of plants and animals, 
1849, 78. 

Johnson (Capt,), magnetic observations. 
1838, 59. 



Johnston (Dr. G-.), report on the marine 

zoology of Britain, 1840, 444 ; 1841, 331 ; 

1842, 213. 
, report on procuring drawings of the 

radiate animals of the British Islands, 

1840, 444. 
, report on typical objects in natural 

history for local museums, 1855, 108 ; 

1856, 461. 
Johnston (Prof. J. P. W.), report on the 

progress and state of chemical science, 

1831-32, 414. 
, report on chemical notation, 1835, 

207. 
, report on dimorphous bodies, 1837, 

163. 
, report on the application to Govern- 
ment for a depository for mining records, 

1839, 174. 
, report on inorganic chemistry, 1840, 

443- 
, report of committee to inquire into 

the statistics of the mining districts, 1840, 

446. 
Joy (Dr. B.), report on the motions and 

sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 275. 

Kane (Sir E.), report on the chemical his- 
tory of colouring matters, 1843, 292. 

Keddie (W.), report on animal, vegetable, 
and mineral substances imported from 
foreign countries into the Clyde, 1858, 
185. 

Kelland (Eev. Prof.), report on our theo- 
retical and experimental knowledge of 
the laws of conduction of heat, 1841, 1. 

Kennedy (Dr. E.), report on the motions 
and sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 
1836, 275. 

KiNAHAN (Dr. J. E.), report of Dublin 
dredging committee, 1858, 262 ; 1859, 80. 

, report on Crustacea of Dublin district, 

1858, 262. 

, list of Crustacea inhabiting Belfast 

Bay,' 1858, 291. 

, report on the marine fauna of the S. 

and W. coasts of Ireland, 1858, 176. 

, report on dredging Dublin Bay, 1860, 

27. 

KiTSON (J.), report on steam-ship perform- 
ance, 1859, 268. 

Kreil (M.) on magnetical and meteorologi- 
cal observations, 1845, 45. 

KuPFFER (M.) on magnetical and meteoro- 
logical observations, 1845, 18. 

Lamont (Dr.) on the system of meteoro- 
logical and magnetical observations on the 
continent, 1842, 207. 

on magnetical and meteorological ob- 
servations, 1845, 22, 63. 

Langberg (Prof) on the specific gravity of 
sulphuric acid at different degrees of di- 
lution, and on the relation which exists 
between the development of heat and 
the coincident contraction of volume in 



14 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Bulphuric acid when mixed with water, 
1847, 1. 

Lankester (Dr. E.), report on Anoplura, 
1841, 331; 1844, 392. 

, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1843,292; 1844, 93. 

, report on the registration of the pe- 
riodic phenomena of plants and animals, 
1845, 321; 1849, 78; 1850, 338. 

, report on typical objects in natural 
history for local museums, 1855, 108; 

1856, 461. 

Lardner (Dr.), report on the determination 
of the mean numerical value of railway 
constants, 1838, 197 ; 1841, 205. 

Latham (Dr. R. Ot.) on ethnographical phi- 
lology, 1847, 154. 

Law (Dr. R,), report on the motions and 
sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 275. 

La WES ( J. B.) on the composition of foods, 
in relation to respiration and the feeding 
of animals, 1852, 323. 

on the equivalency of starch and sugar 

in food, 1854, 421. 

Lawson (H.), observations of luminous 
meteors, 1852, 190. 

Lee (Dr. J.), report on experiments with 
balloons, 1859, 289. 

Lemon (Sir C), report on the application 
to Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

LiNDLEY (Prof.), report on the philosophy 
of botany, 1833, 27. 

, report on the preservation of vegeta- 
tive powers in seeds, 1841, 50. 

, report on the growth and vitality of 

seeds, 1842, 34; 1843, 105; 1844, 94; 
1845, 337; 1846, 20; 1847, 145 ; 1848, 31 ; 
1849, 78; 1850, 160; 1851, 53; 1852, 
177; 1853, 67; 1854, 439; 1855, 78; 

1857, 43- 

Llewelyn (J. D.), report on the state of our 
knowledge regarding the photographic 
image, 1859, 103. 

Lloyd (Rev. Dr. H.), report on physical op- 
tics, 1834, 295. 

on the direction and intensity of the 

terrestrial magnetic force in Ireland, 1835, 
117. 

on the magnetic survey of Ireland, 

1838, 91-118, 151,165-186. 

, magnetic observations in England, 

1838, 68, 138, 151. 
, report on simultaneous magnetical 

and meteorological observations, 1839, 31 ; 

1840, 427 ; 1841, 38 ; 1842, i ; 1843, 54; 

1844, 143 ; 1845, i, 35. 
, report on the expediency of continuing 

the Toronto magnetical and meteorologi- 
cal observatory, 1848, 99. 
, address at the Dublin Meeting, 1857, 

xlvii. 
, report on the magnetic survey of 

Great Britain, 1857, 130; 1858, 185. 

on the instruments employed in the 

magnetic survey of Ireland, 1858, 260. 



Lloyd (Rev. Dr. H.), report for procuring 
a continuance of the magnetic and meteo- 
rological observatories, 1858, 295. 

, report on the scientific objects to be 

sought for by continuing balloon ascents, 
1860, 43. 

Locke (J.), report on railway constants, 
1838, 197. ^ ^ . ' 

London Committee, report on the motions 
and sounds of the heart, 1836, 261 ; 
1837, 155; 1838, 317; 1840, 163. 

, report on the communication be- 
tween the arteries and absorbents, 1836, 
289. 

Loomis (Prof.) on magnetical and meteo- 
rological observations, 1845, 20. 

Lord (Lieut. W.), report on the state of the 
river Mersey, 1856, 19, 24, 26. 

Lowe (E. J.), observations of luminous me- 
teors, 1848, 6; 1849, 11-37, 43, 44; 
1850, 93, 115; 1851, 17, 38, 49; 1852, 
198; 1853, 3; 1854,406; 1855, 80, 99; 
1856, 56, 61; 1857, 138; 1858, 146; 
1859, 82 ; 1860, 3. 

, report on luminous meteors, 1860, i. 

Lubbock (Sir J. W.), report on the tides, 
1831-32, 189. 

, report on the discussions of observa- 
tions of the tides, 1836, 285; 1837, 103. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich observations of the moon, 1838, 315. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1841, 55; 1843, 128. 

Lucas (Mr.), report on the internal changes 
in the constitution of metals, 1843, 294. 

Lyell (Sir C), report on the application to 
Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

Lyte (Mr.), report on the marine zoology of 
Britain, 1842, 213. 

M 'Andrew (R.). dredging operations round 
the coasts of Anglesea, 1844, 390. 

on the distribution and range in depth 

of MoUusca and other marine animals on 
the coasts of Spain, Portugal, Barbary, 
Malta, and Southern Italy, 1850, 264. 

, report on the Mollusca of the north- 
east Atlantic and neighbouring seas, 1856, 
101. 

, list of the British marine invertebrate 

fauna, 1860, 217. 

Macartney (Dr. J.), report on the motions 
and soimds of the heart, 1836, 275. 

M'Connell (J. E.), report on steam-ship 
performance, 1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Macdonnell (Dr. J.), report on the patho- 
logy of the brain and nervous system, 
1836, 283. 

M'Dowell (Dr. E.), report on the motions 
and sounds of the heart, 1835, 243. 

Macfarlane (P.), earthquake-shocks regis- 
tered at Comrie by, 1844, 85. 

Macgregor (J.), report on the measurement 
of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Mackay (J. T.) on the remarkable plants of 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



15 



the neighbourhood of Dublin, Edinburgh, 
and south-west of Scotland, 1836, 253. 

Mackay (J. T.) on the plants which charac- 
terize Scotland and Ireland, 1836, 257. 

MacNeill (J.), report on railway constants, 
1838, 197. 

Mallet (R.), report on the action of water 
and air upon cast and wrought iron, 1838, 
253 ; 1839, 171 ; 1840, 221 ; 1843, i. 

on the action of heat on inorganic and 

organic substances, 1838, 313. 

, report on the internal changes in the 

constitution of metals, 1843, 294. 

— , reports on the facts of earthquake 
phenomena, 1847, 30 ; 1848, 98 ; 1850, i ; 
1851,272; 1852, i; 1853, 117; 1854, 1; 
1858, 1. 

-, report on seismometers, 1848, 98 ; 

1850, 88; 1854,370. 

— '—, report on railway-bar corrosion, 1849, 
88. 

, report on earthquake wave-transits, 

and on seismometrical instruments, 1853, 
86. 

Maskelyne (Prof.), report on the state of 
our knowledge regarding the photogra- 
phic image, 1859, 103. 

Meade (R. H.), typical list of Arachnida for 
local museums, 1855, 118. 

on the anatomy of the Araneidea, or true 

spiders, especially on the internal struc- 
ture of their spinning organs, 1858, 157. 

Melville (Dr.), report on the marine 
fauna of the S. & W. coasts of Ireland, 

1858, 176. 

Meyer (Dr. C.) on the importance of the 
study of the Celtic language as exhibited 
by the modem Celtic dialects still extant, 
1847, 301. 

Miles (Rev. Dr.), report on dredging in the 
Frith of Clyde, 1856, 47. 

Miller (Dr. W. A.) on electro-chemistry, 
1857, 158. 

Miller (Prof. W. H.), report on experi- 
ments with balloons, 1841, 55. 

, report on the translation and publi- 
cation of foreign scientific memoirs, 1841, 
328; 1842, 2io; 1843, 129. 

, report on chemical notation, 1835, 207. 

, report on the crystalline slags, 1846, 

351- 
Milne (David), report on registering shocks 

of earthquakes in Great Britain, 1841, 46 ; 

1842,92; 1843, 120; 1844, 85. 
Milton (Viscount), address at the First 

Meeting, 1831-32, 15. 
, address at the Second Meeting, 

1831-32, 95. 
MoGGRiDGE (M.), table of the registration 

of periodic phenomena, 1850, 3 50. 
MooRSOM (Admiral), report on the measure- 
ment of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 
:, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

on the performance of steam-vessels, 

the functions of the screw, and the rela- 



tions of its diameter and pitch to the form 
of the vessel, 1860, 172. 

Morpeth (Lord), address at the First Meet- 
ing, 1831-32, 43. 

MosELEY (Rev. Prof.), report on a constant 
indicator for steam-engines, 1841, 307 ; 

1842, 98. 

, report of experiments on steam-en- 
gines, 1843, 104 ; 1844, 90. 

MiiLLER (Dr. Max) on the relation of the 
Bengali to the Arian and Aboriginal lan- 
guages of India, 1847, 319. 

MuRCHisoN (Sir R. I.), address at the New- 
castle Meeting, 1838, xxxi. 

, address at the Glasgow Meeting, 1840, 

XXXV. 

, report on coloured drawings of rail- 
way sections, 1841, 331 ; 1842, 38 ; 1843, 

295- 

, address at the Southampton Meeting, 

1846, xxvii. 

, memorial on the Ordnance survey of 

Scotland, 1851, 370, 

, report on the effects produced upon 

the channels of the Mersey, by the altera- 
tions made in its banks, 1855, 143 ; 
1856, I. 

, report on the upper Silurians of Les- 

mahago, Lanarkshire, 1859, 63. 

Myrtle (Dr.) on a luminous meteor, 1853, 
32- 

Napier (J. R.), remarks on Mr. Atherton's 

paper ' on mercantile steam-transport 

economy, 1856,435. 
, report on the measurement of ships 

for tonnage, 1856, 458 ; 1857, 62. 
, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 
Nasmyth (J.), report on the internal 

changes in the constitution of metals, 

1843, 294. 

on railway-bar corrosion, 1849, 93. 

, report on metals for ordnance, 1855, 

100. 

Neilson (J. B.), report on metals for ord- 
nance, 1855, 100. 

NicoL (Prof. J.), report on the excavations 
in Dura Den, 1860, 32. 

NiLSSON (Prof.) on the primitive inhabitants 
of Scandinavia, 1847, 31. 

Nolan (Dr. J.), report on the motions and 
sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 275. 

Northampton (Marquis of), report on the 
application to Government for a deposi- 
tory for mining records, 1839, 174. 

, relative to application to the Trustees 

of the British Museum for enlarged ex- 
hibitions in illustration of recent and fossil 
conchology, 1840, 443. 

, report on coloured drawings of rail- 
road sections, 1841, 331 ; 1842, 38; 1843, 

2^95- 

, letter to Sir R. Peel relative to mag- 

netical and meteorological observations, 
1845, 67. 



16 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Northampton (Marquis of), address at the 
Meeting at Swansea, 1848, xxxi. 

O'Beirne (Dr. J.), report on the pathology 
of the brain and nervous system, 1836, 
283. 
Odling (Dr.), report on organic chemistry, 
1859, I. 

Ogilby (W.), report on zoological nomen- 
clature, 1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

Oldham (J.) on the physical features of the 
Humber, 1853, 36. 

, report on the rise and progress of 

steam navigation at Hull, 1853, 45 ; 1857, 
57; 1859, 119. 

Oldham (T.), report on subterranean tem- 
perature in Ireland, 1844, 221. 

OsLER (A. Follett), report on the observa- 
tions recorded by the self-registering ane- 
mometer at the Philosophical Institution, 
Birmingham, 1840, 321. 

, report on the erection of his anemo- 
meter at Inverness, 1842, 206. 

, account of the self-registering ane- 
mometer and rain-gauge at the Liverpool 
observatory, 1855, 127. 

Owen (Capt. J. O.), report on the measure- 
ment of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Owen (Prof. E..), report on British fossil 
reptiles, 1839, 43; 1840, 443; 1841, 
60. 

, report on the translation and publica- 
tion of foreign scientific memoirs, 1841, 
328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

, report on the British fossil Mammalia, 

1842, 54, 74 ; 1843, 208. 

, report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1843, 292 ; 1844, 93. 

— — , report on the extinct mammals of 
Australia, 1844, 223. 

, report on the periodical phenomena 

of animals and vegetables, 1845, 321 ; 
1850, 338. 

, report on the archetype and homolo- 
gies of the vertebrate skeleton, 1846, 
169. 

, report on typical objects in natural 

history for local museums, 1855, 108 ; 
1856, 461. 

, address at the Leeds Meeting, 1858, 

xlix. 

, report on a series of skulls of various 

tribes of mankind inhabiting Nepal, 
1859, 95. 

, on the orders of fossil and recent 

Eeptilia, and their distribution in time, 
1859, 153. 

Page (D.), report on the upper Silurians of 
Lesmahago, Lanarkshire, 1859, 63. 

, report on the excavations in Dura 

Den, 1860, 32. 

Paris (Admiral), report on stream-ship per- 
formance, 1860, 193. 



Patterson (R.), report on the marine zo- 
ology of Great Britain, 1840, 444; 1841, 
331; 1842, 213. 

, report on procuring drawings of the 

radiate animals of the British Islands, 
1840, 444. 

, the freshwater fishes of Ulster, as in 

the MSS. of the late W. Thompson, 1852, 
290. 

, supplementary report on the fauna of 

Ireland, by the late W. Thompson, 1852, 
290. 

, report of the Belfast dredging com- 
mittee, 1855, 143 ; 1857, 220 ; 1858, 282 ; 
1859, 116. 

Pattinson (H. L.), report of some galvanic 
experiments to determine the existence or 
non-existence of electrical currents among 
stratified rocks, 1839, 23. 

Pattison (Mr.), report on registering shocks 
of earthquakes in G-reat Britain, 1842, 92 ; 
1843, 120. 

Peach (C. W.) on the habits of the marine 
Testacea, 1843, 129. 

, report on the registration of the 

periodic phenomena of plants and ani- 
mals, 1849, 78. 

Peacock (Very Eev. Dr. G.), report on 
certain branches of analysis, 1833, 185. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich observations of the moon, 1838, 

315- 

, report on simultaneous observations 

in terrestrial magnetism and meteorology, 
1839, 31 ; 1840, 427 ; 1841, 38 ; 1842, i ; 
1843, 54; 1844, 143; 1845, i. 

, address at the Meeting at York, 1844, 

xxxi. 

, report on the expediency of continuing 

the Toronto magnetical and meteorolo- 
gical observatory, 1848, 99. 

, report for procuring a continuance of 

the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 

Peake (J.), report on the measurement of 
ships for tonnage, 1856, 458. 

Percy (Dr. J.), report on the crystalline 
slags, 1846, 351. • 

Perry (J.), report on the measurement of 
ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

, report on shipping statistics, 1858, 

2^39- 
Petersen (H.), report on the calculation of 

the Gaussian constants, 1847, 377. 
Phillips (Prof.), statement of the arrange- 
ments made for the first Meeting at York, 

1831-32, 18. 
, report on the quantities of rain falling 

at different elevations at York, 1835, 

171. 
, magnetic observations, 1838, 61, 70, 

144. 
, report on subterranean temperature, 

1836, 291. 
, report on British belemnites, 1842, 

213. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



17 



Phillips (Prof.), report on zoological no- 
menclature, 1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

— — on magnetical and meteorological ob- 
servations, 1845, 37. 

, report on anemometry, 1846, 340; 

further researches, 1848, 97. 

, report on earthqu.akes and seismo- 
meters, 1854, 370. 

, report on the physical character of the 
moon's surface, as compared with that of 
the earth, 1853, 84; 1854, 415. 

— — , report on typical objects in natural 
history for local museums, 1855, 108 ; 
1856, 461. 

, report on cleavage and foliation in 

rocks, and on the theoretical explanations 
of these phenomena, 1856, 369. 

report on the magnetic survey of 

Great Britain, 1857, 130; 1858, 185. 

Phillips (Prof. M.), report on the internal 
changes in the constitution of metals, 
1843, 294. 

Phillips (R.), report on chemical notation, 
1835, 207. 

Plaar (Dr. G.) on certain transformations 
of a series of factorial exponentials, 1857, 

lOI. 

Playpair (Dr. Lyon), abstract of Professor 

Liebig's report on "Organic chemistry 

applied to physiology and pathology," 

1842, 42. 
, report on the gases evolved from iron 

furnaces, with reference to the theory of 

smelting of iron, 1845, 142. 
Pole (Prof. W.), report of experiments on 

steam-engines, 1843, 104 ; 1844, 90. 
Porter (G. R.), report on the vital statistics 

of large towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 
on the progress of savings' banks in 

the United Kingdom, 1845, 129. 
•— — , report on the progress of the iron 

manufacture in Great Britain, 1846, 99- 

"9- 

PoRTLOCK (General), report on registering 
shocks of earthquakes in Great Britain, 
1842,92; 1843, 120; 1844, 85. 

, report on the marine zoology of Corfu 
and the Ionian Islands, 1844, 390. 

, report of the Committee on earth- 
quakes, with their proceedings respect- 
ing seismometers constructed under the 
superintendence of Major James, 1854, 

370- 

Powell (Rev. Prof), report on radiant heat, 
1831-32,259; 1840, i; 1854, 337. 

— — on determining the refractive indices 
for the standard rays of the solar spec- 
trum, 1836, 288. 

• , report of experiments on subterranean 

temperature, 1836, 291. 

, report on our knowledge of refrac- 
tive indices for the standard rays of 
the solar spectrum in different media, 
1839, 1. 

, reports on observations of luminous 

meteors, 1848, i; 1849, i; 1850, 89; 



1851, i; 1852, 178 ; 1853, 1 ; 1854, 386; 

1855, 79; 1856, 53; 1857, 131; 1858, 

137; 1859, 81. 
Powell (Rev. Prof.), suggestions for the 

observation of the total eclipse of the sun, 

1850, 359. 
Prichard (Dr. J. C), on philological and 

physical researches as applied to the 

human species, 1831-32, 529. 
, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332; 1843, 

292 ; 1844, 93. 
, on the various methods of research 

which contribute to the advancement of 

ethnology, and of the relations of that 

science to other branches of knowledge, 

1847, 230. 
Prince Consort (His Royal Highness the), 

address at the Aberdeen Meeting, 1859, lix. 
Prout (Dr.), report on chemical notation, 

1835, 207. 

Quetelet (A.), on the state of mathematics 
in Belgium, 1835, 35. 

on magnetical and meteorological ob- 
servations, 1845, 31. 

• , on observations of the periodical phe- 
nomena of animals and vegetables, 1845, 
321. 

Ramsay (Prof. A. C), report on the upper 
Silurians of Lesmahago, Lanarkshire, 
1859, 63. 

, report on the excavations in Dura 

Den, 1860, 32. 

Rankine (Prof. W. J. M.), on luminous^ 
meteors, 1853, 32. 

, report on metals for ordnance, 1855^ 

100. 

, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Read (Rev. W.), on luminous meteors^ 
1852, 235. 

Reade (Riev. J. B.), observations of lumin- 
ous meteors, 1852, 208; 1854, 394, 412. 

Redfield (W. C.) on magnetical and meteo- 
rological observations, 1845, 65. 

Rees (Dr. G. O.), report of Committee on 
the chemical composition of glands and 
their secretions, 1837, 139, 149. 

Rennie (G.), report on the progress of hy- 
draulics as a branch of engineering, 1833, 
153 ; 1834, 415. 

, report on railway constants, 1838, 

197. 

, report upon the changes in the chan- 
nels of the Mersey, 1855, 143 ; 1856, 1,4. 

Richardson (Sir J.), report on North 
American zoology, 1836, 121. 

, report on the ichthyology of New 

Zealand, 1842, 12. 

, report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

, report on the ichthyology of the seaa 

of China and Japan, 1845, 187. 

RiGAUD (Prof.), report on the reduction of 

C 



18 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



tlie Greenwich observations of the moon, 
1838, 315. 

Roberts (E.), report on steam-ship per- 
formance, 1860, 193. 

Robinson (Rev. Dr.), on the determination 
of the constant of nutation by the Green- 
wich observations, 1837, 127. 

, report on the establishment of an ob- 
servatory at Liverpool, 1838, 316. 

, report on the reduction of the Green- 
wich observations of the moon, 1838, 

315- 

, report on the reduction of the stars in 

the Histoiro Celeste, 1838, 316; 1839, 
. 174; 1840,426; 1841, 330; 1842, 205. 

, report on the extension of the Royal 

Astronomical Society's Catalogue of stars 
(British Association Catalogue of stars), 
1838, 316; 1839, 174; 1840,425; 1841, 
330; 1842, 206; 1845, 340. 

, on the determmation of the arc of 

longitude between the observatories of 
Armagh and Dublin, 1839, 19. 
, report on the translation and publica- 
tion of foreign scientific memoirs, 1840, 
446; 1841, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

, 1841, 55; 1843, 128; 1844, 390. 
->— , address at the Birmingham Meeting, 
1849, xxix. 

, report on the physical character of 

the moon's surface, as compared with that 
of the earth, 1853, 84; 1854, 415. 

* , report on metals for ordnance, 1855, 

100. 
' ■ , report on earthquakes and Seismo^ 

meters, 1854, 370. 
— — , report for procuring a continuance of 
the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 
RoBisoN (Sir J.), report on waves, 1837, 
417; 1838, 315; 1840, 441; 1841, 325; 
1844, 311. 

, report on the form of ships, 1840, 

425; 1841, 325; 1842, 104; 1843, 112. 
, report on registering shocks of earth- 
quakes in Great Britain, 1843, 120. 
Rogers (Prof. II. D.), report on the geology 

of North America, 1834, 1. 
RoGET (Dr.), report on the chemical com- 
position of the glands and their secretions, 
1837, 139, 149- 
Ronalds (F.), reports on the observatory at 
Kew, 1844, 120-142 ; 1845, 341 ; 1849, 
80; 1850, 176; 1851, 335. 

, magnetographs, 1849, 82 ; 1850, 181 ; 

1851, 350, 358 {vide 1843, xxxix; 1848, 
xvii ; 1849, xvi ; 1851, xxvii ; 18o2, xxviii). 
RoscoE (Dr. H. E.), photochemical re- 
searches, 1856, 62. 
Ross (Admiral Sir J. C), on the direction 
and intensity of the terrestrial magnetic 
force in Ireland, 1835, 117. 

, magnetic observations in the British 

Islands, 1838, 62, 74, 86, 104, 116, 148, 
I57» 163, 174, 182. 



Ross (Admiral Sir J. C), report on an ex- 
pedition for tide observations, 1847, 1 34. 

, report on the magnetic survey of 

Great Britain, 1857, 130; 1858, 185. 

Ross (D.), Leith tide observations, 1841, 

33- 
RossE (Earl of), address at the meeting at 

Cork, 1843, xxix. 
, on the construction of large reflecting 

telescopes, 1844, 79. 
, on nebulEB observed in the six-feet re- 
flector, 1849, 53. 
, report on the physical character of 

the moon's surface, as compared with that 

of the earth, 1853, 84; 1854, 415. 
RouPELL (Dr.), report on acrid poisons, 

1835, 211, 235. 

, report on poisons, 1841, 26. 

RoYLB (Prof.), report on the probable effects 

of the destruction of tropical forests, 

1851, 78. 
Russell (J. S.), report on waves, 1837, 

417; 1838, 315; 1840, 441; 1841, 325; 

1844, 311-390. 
, report on the form of ships, 1840, 

425; 1841, 325; 1842, 104; 1843, 112; 

1844, 391. 
, report on the tides of the Frith of 

Forth and the east coast of Scotland, 

1843, no. 
, report on the measurement of ships 

for tonnage, 1857, 62. 
, report on steam-ship performance, 

1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 
Rutherford (Rev. A.), register of the ther- 
mometer and barometer at Kingussie, 

1839, 28. 

Sabine (General), an abstract of the ' Mag- 
netismus der Erde' of Prof. Ch. Hansteen, 
1835, 61. 

, on the direction and intensity of the 

terrestrial magnetic force in Ireland, 

1835, 117. 

, on the direction and intensity of tlie 

terrestrial magnetic force in Scotland, 

1836, 97. 

, report on the variations of the mag- 
netic intensity observed at difierent points 
of the earth's surface, 1837, i, 497 ; 1838, 
318. 

, memoir on the magnetic isoclinal 

and isodynamic lines in the British 
Islands, 1838, 49-196. 

, address at the Glasgow Meeting, 1840, 

XXXV. 

, reports on simultaneous magnetical 

and meteorological observations, 1840, 
427 ; 1841, 38 ; 1842, i ; 1843, 54; 1844, 
143 ; 1845, I, 53. 

, report on the translation and publi- 
cation of foreign scientific memoirs, 1840, 
446; 1841,328; 1842, 210; 1813, 129. 

, report for providing meteorological 

instruments for M. Agassiz and Mr. 
M'Cord, 1841, 41. 



REPORTS^ ETC. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



19 



Sabine (General), i-eport on experiments 
with balloons, 1841, cc; 1843, 128; 1844, 
390; 1860, 43. 

, on the remarkable magnetic disturb- 
ance at Toronto, &c., 1841, 340. 

, letter from Mr. A. D. Bache on the 

Magnetic Observatory at Philadelphia, 
&c., 1842, 208. 

, on the meteorology of Toronto in Ca- 
nada, 1844, 42. 

, on some points in the meteorology of 

Bombay, 1845, 73. 

, Prof. Dove's temperature tables, with 

introductory remarks, 1847, 373. 

, introductory notice to Prof. Dove's 

remar^vs on his maps of the monthly iso- 
thermal lines of the globe, 1848, 85. 

, report on the expediency of continuing 

the Toronto magnetical and meteorological 
observatory, 1848, 99. 

, letter from Prof. Henry on the system 

of meteorological observations proposed 
to be established in the United States, 
1851, 320. 

, report on the Kew magnetographs, 

1851, 325. 

, address at the meeting at Belfast, 

1852, xli. 

, on some of the results obtained at the 

British Colonial magnetic observatories, 
1854, 355. 

, report on earthquakes and seismo- 
meters, 1854, 370. 

, report on the magnetic survey of Q-reat 

Britain, 1857, 130; 1858, 185. 

, report for procuring a continuance of 

the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 

, report on the patent laws, 1858, 164 ; 

1859, 191. 

Sandon (Lord), report on the vital statistics 
of large towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 

SciioNBEiN (Prof), researches in electro- 
chemistry, 1840, 209. 

, report on ozone, 1845, 91. 

SciiUNCK (Dr.), report on the colouring 
matters of madder, 1846, 24; 1847, 136; 
1848, 57. 

ScLATER (Dr. p. L.), typical list of birds for 
local museums, 1855, iii. 

ScoRESBY (Rev. Dr.), report on metals for 
ordnance, 1855, 100. 

ScowLER (Dr.), report on the varieties of 
the human race, 1844, 93. 

Sedgwick (Prof.), address at the Cambridge 
Meeting, 1833, x, xxvii. 

, address at the Edinburgh Meeting, 

1834, ix. 

, report on the application to Govern- 
ment for a depository for mining records, 
1839, 174. 

Selby (P. J.), report on Anoplura, 1841, 331. 

Senftenberg (Baron), on the self -register- 
ing meteorological instruments employed 
in the observatory at Senftenberg, 1845, 
108. 



SiiARpBY (Dr.), notice of researches on 
Asphyxia, 1843, 294. 

, report on the scientific objects to be 

sought for by continuing balloon ascents, 
1860, 43. 

SiiucKARD (W. E.), report on zoological no- 
menclature, 1842, 105. 

SiBsoN (P.), report on the communication 
between the arteries and absorbents, 1836, 
289. 

Simpson (J.), results of thermometrical ob- 
servations made at Point Barrow, 1857, 
159. 

Sladen (E. H. M,), table for the registra- 
tion of periodic phenomena at Ninfield, 
Sussex, 1850, 356. 

Slatter (Eev. J.), observations of luminous 

§ [meteors, 1849, 9-24, 43. 

Slimon (R.), exploration of the upper Silu- 
rians of Lesmahago, Lanarkshire, 1859, 
63- 

Smith (Dr. A.), report on the varieties of 
the human race, 1843, 292 ; 1844, 93. 

Smith (A.), on the deviations of the compass 
in wooden and iron ships, 1854, 434. 

Smith (Prof. H. J. S.), report on the theory 
of numbers, 1859, 228 ; 1860, 120. 

Smith (J.), report on the marine zoology of 
G-reat Britain, 1840, 444; 1841, 331; 
1842, 213. 

, report on the form of shipi, 1840, 

425 ; 1841, 325. 

Smith (Dr. R. A.), report on the air and 
water of towns, 1848, 16 ; 1851, 66. 

Smith (Capt. R. B.), report on the probable 
effects of the destruction of tropical forests, 
1851, 78. 

Smith (Dr. W.), the Wollaston Medal award- 
ed by the Geological Society, presented to 
him at Oxford, 1831-32, 99. 

Smith (W.), report on steam-ship perforin- • 
ance, 1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Smyth (Prof. C. Piazzi), on the "Mare 
Crisium and its shores," 1854, 416. 

Smyth (W. W.), list of meteorites which 
have fallen in Hungary, 1849, 2. 

, on a fall of meteorites at Stannern, in 

Moravia, 1849, 32. 

, on the presence of phosphorus in me- 
teoric iron, 1849, 33. 

, notice of the meteorite of Braunau, 

1849, 32. 

SopwiTH (T.), report on the application to 
Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

Stafford (Marquis of), report on steam- 
ship performance, 1859, 268 ; 1860, 193. 

Stanley (Lord), report on the patent laws, 
1858, 164. 

Stevenson (Mr.), report on the relative level 
of land and sea, 1840, 444. 

Stewart (B.), on some results of the mag- 
netic survey of Scotland in the years 1857 
and 1858, undertaken by the late John 
Welsh, 1859, 167. 

■ , account of the construction of the 

o2 



w 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



self-recording magnetographs at the Kew 

observatory, 1859, 200. 
Stokes (Prof. G. G.), report on reaearches in 

hydrodynamics, 1840, i. 
, report on earthquakes and seismo- 
meters, 1854, 370. 
, report on the formation of a catalogue 

of philosopliical memoirs, 1856, 463. 
Strachey (Capt. R.), report on the probable 

effects of the destruction of tropical forests, 

1851, 78. 
Stratford (W. S.), report on the catalogue 

of stars of the British Association, 1845, 

340. 

, report on the completion of the cata- 
logues of Lalande and Lacaille's Stars, 
1845,339; 1847,379- 

Strickland (A.), report on the marine zo- 
ology of Britain, 1840,444; 1841, 331. 

, report on the varieties of the human 

race, 1843, 292 ; 1844, 93. 

Strickland (Prof. H. E.), report on the 
growth and vitality of seeds, 1841, 50; 
1842,34; 1843, 105; 1844, 94; 1845, 
337; 1846, 20; 1847, 145; 1848, 31; 

1849, 78; 1850, 160; 1851, 53; 1852, 
177; 1853, 67. 

, report on zoological nomenclature, 

1842, 105; 1843, 119. 

, report on the progress of ornithology, 

1844, 170-221. 

, report on the periodical phenomena 

of animals and vegetables, 1845, 321. 

Struve (M. Otto), suggestions for the ob- 
servation of the total eclipse of the sun, 

1850, 359. 

Sullivan (Prof. W. K.), report on the solu- 
bility of salts at temperatures above lOO'^ 
Cent., and on the mutual action of salts 
in solution, 1859, 291. 

Sykes (Col.), report of experiments on sub- 
terranean temperature, 1836, 291. 

, report on the statistics of Dukhun 

(Deccan), 1837, 217-336. 

, report on the vital statistics of large 

towns in Scotland, 1842, 121. 

, on the temperature and rain in the 

Bengal Presidency, 1852, 252. 

, report on experiments with balloons, 

1859, 289; 1860, 43. 

Sylvester (Prof. J. J.), provisional report 
on the theory of determinants, 1853, 66. 

Symons (G. J.), meteors observed to pass 
between the respective constellations, 1859, 
89. 

, observations of luminous meteors, 
1858, 137, 140; 1859, 90. 

Taylor (J.), report on the state of know- 
ledge respecting mineral veins, 1833, i. 

• , report on the application to govern- 
ment for a depository for mining records, 
1839, 174. 

— , report on coloured drawings of rail- 
way sections, 1841, 331 ; 1842, 38 ; 1843, 
295. 



Taylor (R.), report on the varieties of the 
human race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332. 

, report on the registration of the pe- 
riodic phenomena of plants and animals, 
1845, 321; 1849, 78; 1850, 338. 

Taylor (Rev. W.), report on the various 
modes of printing for the blind, 1837, 
87. 

Thompson (Dr. T.), report on chemical no- 
tation, 1835, 207. 

Thompson (W.), report on the fauna of 
Ireland, 1840, 353 ; 1843, 245 ; 1852, 290. 

, report on procuring drawings of the 

radiate animals of the British Islands, 
1840, 444. 

— — , report on the marine zoology of Bri- 
tain, 1840, 444; 1841, 331 ; 1842, 213. 

, report on the periodical plienomena 

of plants and animals, 1845, 321 ; 1819, 
78. 

, on the freshwater fishes of Ulster, 

1852, 290. 

Thomson (A.), report on the Aberdeen in- 
dustrial feeding schools, 1859, 44. 

Thomson (Prof, J.), on the vortex water- 
wheel, 1852, 317. 

, report of experiments on the mea- 
surement of water by triangular notches 
in weir boards, 1856, 46 ; 1858, 181; 
1860, 217. 

Thomson (Prof. T.), on the composition of 
cast iron produced by cold and hot blast^ 
1837, 117, 

Thomson (Dr. W.), report on the registra- 
tion of deaths, 1835, 251. 

Thomson (Prof. W.), report on the scientific 
objects to be sought for by continuing 
balloon ascents, 1860, 43. 

, report on the construction of a self- 
recording atmospheric electrometer for 
Kew Observatory, and portable appa- 
ratus for observing atmospheric electricity, 
1860, 44. 

Thomson (Prof. Wyville), on zoopliytes from 
the north of Ireland, 1857, 235. 

, report of the Belfast dredging com- 
mittee, 1858, 282 ; 1859, 116. 

Todd (Dr. R. B.), report on the motions 
and sounds of the heart, 1836, 26 1 ; 1837, 
155; 1840, 163. 

ToRRiE (J. T.), report on registering shocks 
of earthquakes in Great Britain, 1843, 
120; 1844, 85. 

Traill (Dr.), report on the registration of 
deaths, 1835, 251. 

Traill (Prof.), address at the Liverpool 
Meeting, 1837, xxv. 

— — , report on the establishment of an 
observatory at Liverpool, 1838, 316. 

Trevelyan (Sir W. C), report on the re- 
gistration of the pei'iodic phenomena of 
plants and animals, 1849, jS. 

Turner (Dr.), report on chemical notation, 
1835, 207. 

Tyndall (Prof.), report on experiments with 
balloons, 1859, 289. 



REPORTSj ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



21 



ViGNOLES (C), report of Committee on rail- 
way sections, 1842, 38. 

— — , on the adaptation of suspension 
bridges to sustain the passage of railway 
trains, 1857, 154; 1858, 293. 

Vivian (J.), report on the application to 
Government for a depository for mining 
records, 1839, 174. 

VoELCKER (Dr.), report on field experiments 
and laboratory researches on the consti- 
tuents of manures essential to cultivated 
crops, 1859, 31. 

Walker (Mr.), report on the marine zoo- 
logy of Britain, 1842, 213. 
Walker (Rev. Prof.), report on the scien- 
tific objects to be sought for by continuing 

balloon ascents, 1860, 43. 
Waller (E.), report of the Belfast dredging 

committee, 1858, 282; 1859, 116. 
Ward (N.), report on the growth of plants 

in closed glass vessels, 1837, 502. 
Ware (Dr. H.), report on the varieties of 

the human race, 1843, 292; 1844, 93. 
Wateriiouse (Gr. E.), report on zoological 

nomenclature, 1842, 105; 1843, 119. 
Watson (II.), report on engraving skeleton 

maps for recording tlio distribution of 

plants and animals, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 
Watson (H, H.), report on the internal 

changes in the constitution of metals, 1843, 

294. 
Watt and Cavendish, Rev. W. Yernon 

Ilarcourt on the discoveries of, 1839, 6, 

et seq. 
Watts (J. K.), observations of luminous 

meteors, 1854, 406; 1857, 136. 
Webb (T. W.), observations of luminous 

meteors from old diaries, 1852, 178. 
Weber (Prof. Wilhelm), on magnetical and 

meteorological observations, 1845, 14. 
Webster (T,), report on the patent laws, 

1858, 164; 1859, 191. 
Welsh (J.), report on the performance of 

Mr. Ronalds's tliree magnetographs, 1851, 

328. 
, hygrometric sliding rule, 1851, 345 ; 

sliding rule, 353. 
, magnetic survey of Scotland, 1859, 

167. 
. , self-recording magnetographs, 1859, 

2CO. 

West (W.) on apparatus for the detection 
and measurement of gases present in atmo- 
spheric air, 1838, 316; 1839, 171. 

Westwood (J. O.), report on zoological no- 
menclature, 1842, 105 ; 1843, 119. 

Wiieatstone (Prof), report on the transla- 
tion and publication of foreign scientific 
memoirs, 1840, 446; 1841, 328; 1842, 
210; 1843, 129. 

• . reports on registering shocks of earth- 
quakes in Great Britain, 1842, 92 ; 1843, 
120; 1844, 85. 

. , description of the telegraph thermo- 
meter, 1843, 128. 



Wiieatstone (Prof.), report on experiments 
with balloons, 1843, 128; 1844, -jgo 
1859, 289. 

Wiiewell (Rev. Dr.), report on mineralogy, 
1831-32, 322. 

' , address at the Cambridge Meetinsr. 

1833, xi. ^ 

, report on the progress of the mathe- 
matical theories of electricity, magnetism, 
and heat, 1835, i. 

• , report on chemical notation, 1835, 

207. 

, report on a level line, measured from 

the Bristol Channel to the EngUsh Chan- 
nel, 1838, I. 

, reports on the discussions of tides. 

1838, 19; 1839, 13; 1840, 436-441; 
1841, 30, 33. 

■ , report on simultaneous magnetical and 

meteorological observations, 1839, 3 1 ; 

1840, 427; 1841, 38; 1842, i; 1843, 
54 ; 1844, 143 ; 1845, i. 

• , report on the nomenclature of the 

stars, 1839, 172; 1840, 426; 1841, 44; 
1843, 292 ; 1844, 32 ; appendix, 34, 

■ , address at the Plymouth Meeting, 

1841, xxvii. 

• , report on experiments with balloons, 

1841, 55 ; 1843, 128. 

, report on an expedition for tide ob- 
servations, 1847, 134. 

, report for f)rocuring a continuance of 

the magnetic and meteorological observa- 
tories, 1858, 295. 

Wiiitworth (J.), report on metals for ord- 
nance, 1855, 100. 

Wilde (Mr.), report on the varieties of the 
human race, 1844, 93. 

Williams (Dr. C. J. B.), report on the mo- 
tions and sounds of tlie heart, 1836, 261 ; 
1837, 155; 1840, 163. 

, report on the physiology of the lungs 

and air -tubes, 1840, 411. 

Williams (Dr. T.), report on the British 
Annelida, 1850, 133 ; 1851, 159. 

Wills (W.), on the meteorology of Bir- 
mingham, 1852, 297. 

Wiseman (Dr.), report on the varieties of 
the human race, 1840, 447 ; 1841, 52, 332. 

Wood (J.), report on the measurement of 
ships for tonnage, 1856, 458. 

WooDCROFT (Prof. B.), report on the mea- 
surement of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Woods (E.), report on railway constants, 
1841, 247. 

Woodward (S. P.), typical list of mollusca 
for local museums, 1855, 1 14. 

WoOLLEY (Rev. Dr.), report on the measure- 
ment of ships for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

Wright (Dr. E. P.), report on the marine 
fauna of the S. and W. coasts of Ireland, 
1858, 176. 

, report of Dublin Bay Dredging Com- 
mittee, 1858, 262 ; 1859, 80 ; 1860, 27. 

Wright (H.), report on shipping statistics, 
1858, 239. 



JJ5J KEPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 

Wright (H.), report on steam-ship per- Yarrell (W.), report on the varieties of the 

formance, 1859, 268, 18G0, 193. human race, 1840, 447; 1841, 52, 332. 

Wright (Dr. Gt?.), on the stratigraphical , report on Anoplura, 1841, 331. 

distribution of tlie oolitic Echinodermata, , report on zoological nomenclature, 

1856, 396. 1842, 105. 

Wrotteslky (Lord), report on tlio expe- Yates (J.), report on the growth of plants 

diency of continuing the Toronto mag- in closed glass vessels, 1837, 501. 

netical and meteorological observatory, , report on the measvirement of ships 

1848, 99. for tonnage, 1857, 62. 

, remarks on a meteor, 1853, 35. , report on the varieties of the human 

-— — , report on experiments witli balloons, race, 1840, 447 ; 1841, 52, 332. 

1859, 289. Yates (J. B.), report upon the changes in 

« — r, address at the Meeting at Oxford, the channels of the Mersey, 1855, 143 ; 

18G0, Iv. 1856, I. 



REPORTS, &c. 

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Aberdeen Standard Scale, F. Baily on the 

comparative measurement of the, 1835, 91. 
Aberrantia (Amphipoda), British, C. Spence 

Bate on the, 1855, 18. 

, British, list of, 1860, 224. 

Absorbents and Arteries, report of the Com- 
mittee on the communication between, 

by Dr. Hodgkin, 1836, 289. 
Abyssinian languages, on the, 1847, 223. 
Acalephse, Kev. L. Jenyns on the state of 

our knowledge of the, 1834, 232. 
, Irish, 1843, 281 ; 1852, 296 ; British, 

1860, 232-234. 
, Mediterranean and ^Egean, Prof. E. 

Forbes on the, 1843, 146. 
Acanthocephala, British, 1860, 229. 
, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

277 ; 1852, 295. 
Acanthodes, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 

80; 1843, 194, 197. 
Acanthopterygii of North America, 1836, 

204; of Ireland, 1840, 384; 1852, 291 ; 

of New Zealand, 1842, 1 5 ; British, 1844, 

302; of the seas of Cliina and Japan, 

1845, 204. 
-, fossil, 1843, 205, 207 ; of the London 

Clay, Prof. Agassiz on the, 1844, 289, 

307- 
Acanthuridae of North America, Sir J. 

Kichardson on the, 1836, 207, 211. 
of the China and Japan Seas, Sir J, 

Eichardson on the, 1845, 243. 
Acephala, British, 1850, 205, 229 ; 1860, 

220; South European, 1850, 264; ^gean, 

1843, 142 ; of the West Coast of North 

America, 1856, 298 ; Irish, 1843, 259 ; 

1857, 225; of the North-east Atlantic, 

1856, 102, 137. 
, Dr. Carpenter on the enlargement of 

the shells of, 1847, 97. 
Acetate of lead and sulphate of magnesia, — 

or sulphate of soda, — or sulphate of zinc, 

— or sulphuric acid, — or oxalic acid, Dr. 

T. Andrews on the heat of combinations 

of, 1849, 73, 74. 
Acid principles, list of, by Prof. Johnston, 

1831-32, 528. 
, acetic, 1831-32, 504 ; 1859, 4, 8 ; 

in springs, 1836, 29. 

, alizaric, 1847, 140 ; 1848, 64. 

— — , anhydrous sulphuric, 1831-32, 462. 



Acid, apoerenic, in springs, 1836, 30. 
, arsenic and arsenious, their action when 

injected into the veins, 1843, 118. 

, benzoic, 1831-32, 502 ; 1859, 7. 

, boracic, in thermal springs, 1836, 27.' 

, bromic, its action when injected into 

the veins, 1845, 83. 
, carbonic, evolved from springs, 1836, 

36, 71-., 
, carbonic, its effects when thrown 

into the veins and carotid artery, 

1841, 28. 
, carbonic, its action on the growth oT 

plants, 1848, 84, 97 ; 1849, 56 ; 1850, 

159- 
, chloric, its action when injected into 

the veins, 1845, 83. 

, chlorous, 1831-32, 462. 

, chlorovinic and cliloro vinous, 1831- 

32, 519. ^ 

, chloroxalic, 1831-32, 505. 

• , crenic, in springs, 1836, 30. 

, elardic, 1831-32, 505. 

, erytln-ic, 1831-32, 525. 

, fluoric, in mineral waters, 1836, i^. 

, formic, in springs, 1836, 29. 

, gallic, 1831-32, 503. 

, hydrochloric, its action when injected 

into the veins, 1845, 84. 

, hyposulphurous, 1831-52, 461. 

, iodic, 1831-32, 466 ; its effects when 

injected into the veins, 1845, 83. 

, lactic, 1831-32, 525 ; 1859, 5. 

, metaphosphoric, 1831-32, 458. 

, muriatic, in springs connected with 

volcanos, 1836, 27. 
, nitric, action of sulphuretted hydrogen 

on, 1831-32, 460. 

, nitric, in springs, 1836, 28. 

, nitric, solution of metals in, Dr. T: 

Andrews on the, 1849, 74. 
, oxalic, and acetate of barytes, or ace- 
tate of lead, heat of combination of, 

1849, 74*. 
, oxalic, and acetate of lead, heat of 

combination of, 1849, 74. 

, palmic, 1831-32, 505. 

, paratartaric, 1631-32, 500. 

, pectic, 1847, 143. 

, perchloric, 1831-32, 466. 

, phosphoric, 1831-32, 457 ; in mine- 



u 



llEPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



ral waters, 1836, 19 ; its action when 
injected into the veins, 1843, 1 19. 
Acid, purpuric, 1831-32, 525. 

, pyro-alizaric, 1848, 66. 

, pyroracemic, pyroparatartaric, 1831- 

32, 501. 

, pyrotartaric, 1831-32, 501. 

, rubiacic, 1847, 142 ; 1848, 66. 

, salicylic, 1859, 5. 

, selenic, its action when introduced 

into the blood, 1846, 28. 
I sulphuric, in springs connected with 
volcanos, 1836, 27 ; its action when 
introduced into the blood, 1846, 30. 
— — , sulphiu-ic, anhydrous, mode of pre- 
paring, 1831-32, 462. 
•■ , sulphuric, on the specific gravity of, at 
different degrees of dilution, 1847, i. 
— — , sulphuric, with water, heat of combi- 
nation of, 1849, 67. 
, sulphuric, and nitrate of barytes, heat 

of combination of, 1849, 74. 
, sulphuric, and chloride of barium, 
heat of combination of, 1849, 74. 

, sulphuric, and acetate of barytes, heat 

of combination of, 1849, 74. 
— — , sulphuric, and acetate of lead, heat of 
combination of, 1849, 74. 

, sulphuric, and nitrate of lead, heat of 

combination of, 1849, 74. 
■ , sulphuric, chloi'ohydrated, 1859, 5. 

, tartaric, 1831-32, 500. 

, telluric, 1831-32, 473. 

, tellurous, 1831-32, 472. 

, uric, 1831-32, 524. 

, vanadic, 1831-32, 469. 

Acids, Dr. Daubeny on the nomenclature 
of the, 1851, 127. 

, bibasic, 1859, 14. 

, vegetable. Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32, 498, 500 ; list of, 506. 

• and bases, Dr. T. Andrews on the 

heat of combination of, 1849, 68. 
Acra language, 1847, 169. 
Actinogi-aph, report on the, by E. Hunt, 

1845, 90; 1846, 31. 
Actinometers, on, 1840, 61. 
Actinozoa, British, list of, compiled by R. 
M'Andrew, 1860, 233 : — Zoantharia, 233 ; 
Alcyonaria, Ctenophora, 234. 

, Irish, 1858, 180. 

Adampi, Tambi, and Tembu languages, 

1847, 170. 
jEgilops, experiments with, by Prof. J. Buck- 
man, 1857, 208; 1860, 35. 
iEolida; of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 133; 
Irish, 1843, 250 ; 185^, 292 ; West Coast 
of North America, 1856, 313; British, 
1860, 220. 
-(Epinian and Coxilombian theories of elec- 
tricity and magnetism, Eev. Dr. Whewell 
on the, 1835, 2, 11. 
Aerial shadows. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1840, 

124, 137. 
Aerolites, Prof. Powell and others on, 1849, 
*» 3^> 34' 35; 1850, 89, 118, 119, 120, 



122, 123, 125, 127; 1851, 43, 46, 47; 

1852, 239 ; 1855, 94; 1857, 133, 140. H9. 

150; 1858, 152; 1859, 93, 94; I860, 22. 
Aerolites and Bolides, catalogue of, by E. P. 

Greg, 1860, 50. 
^thiopic languages, 1847, 204. 
African languages, Dr. Latham on the, 1847, 

154- 
Agow languages, 1847, 205, 209. 
Agricultiu'al College, Eoyal, Cirencester, 
on the growth of plants in the garden of 
the, 1857, 200 ; 1859, 22 ; 1860, 34. 
Agriculture in Dukhun, Col. Sykes on, 
1837, 240, 272, 274. 

, some remarks on, by Dr. Lindley, 

1833, 56. 

, Dr. A. Voelckcr on the constituents 

of manures essential to cultivated crops, 
1859, 31. 
Air, Cavendish's experiments on, 1839, 67. 

, factitious. Cavendish's experiments on, 

1839, 58. 

in cylindrical tubes of finite length, 

Eev. Prof. Challis on the theory of mu- 
sical vibrations of the, 1833, 140. 

, resistance of. Rev, Prof. Challis on 

the theory of the, 1833, 149 ; 1836, 251. 

, resistance of, Prof. E. Ilodgkinson on 

the mode of conducting experiments on 
the, 1842, 211. 

, lunar influence on the temperature of 

the, by J. Park Harrison, 1857, 248 ; 
1859, 193. 

• and water, their action upon cast iron, 

wrought iron, and steel, 1838, 253 ; 1840, 
221; 1843, I. 

and water of towns, Dr. E. A. Smith on 

the variations in composition of the, 1848, 
1 6 ; on the action of porous strata, water, 
and organic matter, 1851, 66. 
Air-tubes and lungs, Dr. C. J. B. Williams 

on the physiology of the, 1840, 41 1. 
Albumen, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 523. 
Alcidae of North America, 1836, 184; of 

Ireland, 1840, 380; 1852, 291. 
Alcohols, Dr. Daubeny on the, 1851, 129 ; G-. 
C. Foster and Dr. Odling on the, 1859, 12. 
Alcyonaria, British, 1860, 234. 
Alcyonella, Prof. Allman on the polyzoon, 

1850, 305, 328. 
Aldehydes, Dr. Daubeny on the nomencla- 
ture of the, 1851, 129. 
Algebra, report on the progress of certain 
branches of analysis, by Eev, Dr. Pea- 
cock, 1833, 185. 

, report on the progress of analysis 

(theory of the comparison of transcen- 
dentals), by E. L. Ellis, 1846, 34. 

, Prof. H. J. S, Smith on the theory 

of numbers, 1859, 228 ; 1860, 120. 
Algebraic couple. Dr. C. J. Ilargreave on 
the, 1857, 184:— 

On the geometrical interpretation of 

the algebraic couple, 185. 
On infinite angles, and on the principle 
of mean values, 188. 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



25 



Algebraical transcendents, researches into 

the properties of, by R. L. Ellis, 1846, 43. 
Alizaric acid, Dr. Schunck on, 1847, 140; 

1848, 64. 
Alizarin, a colouring matter. Dr. Schunck 

on, 1846, 25; 1847, 136, 138: 1848, 57, 

61, 71. 
Alkalies, vegetable. Prof. Johnston on the, 

1831-32, 499, 508 ; list of/ 510. 
, Tcgetable, Dr. Daubeny on the no- 
menclature of the, 1851, 127. 
Alkaline and indifferent principles, list of, 

by Prof. Johnston, 1831-32, 528. 
Alluvial deposits of North America, Prof. II. 

D. Rogers on, 1834, 8 ; alluvial terraces, 

10 ; ancient alluvium, 18. 
Alphabetical writing, Eev. Dr. Donaldson 

on, 1851, 151. 
Alpha-resin, as a colouring matter, Dr. 

Schunck on, 1848, 57, 67. 
Alpine plants of Scotland, 1836, 258. 
Alum slate, Scandinavian, Prof. G-. Porch- 
hammer on the metamorphosis of the, 

1844, 155. 
Ammolin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 526. 
Ammonia and potash, Prof. Johnston on 

the isomorphism of, 1831-32, 431. 
— — — in springs. Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 28. 
obtained from iron-furnaces. Prof. 

Bunsen and Dr. Lyon Playfair on, 1845, 

180. 
' , sulphate of, and chloride of barium, 

Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of combina- 
tion of, 1849, 72. 
Amorphozoa of the JEgean Sea, 1843, 152 ; 

Irish, 1843, 286; 1852, 296; 1857, 112; 

British, 1850, 246 ; list of, 1860, 235. 
Ampelidae of North America, 1836, 172; of 

Ireland, 1840, 368. 
Amphibia, North American, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 148, 201. 
, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

384, 406. 
Amphipoda, Ir-ish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 268 ; 1852, 294. 
, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 1855, 

18, 57- 

■ , British, list of, 1860, 223, 

Amphisbeeniai, American, 1836, 2Co. 
Amphitherium, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 

on, 1842, 57. 
Amphitrita^, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 

168, 193, 207, 225, 229. 
Ampullaria, structure of the shell of the, 

1847, 109, 112. 
AnabantidEe of the China Seas, Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 250. 
Analcime (mineral). Prof Johnston on, 

1837, 192. 
Analysis, Rev. Dr. Peacock's report on the 

progress of certain branches of, 1833, 

185-352:— 
Algebra, 185 ; elementary works, 282. 
Trigonometry, 288. 
Theory of equations : — 

Composition of equations, 296. 



General solution of equations, 305. 
On the solution of numerical equa- 
tions, 322 ; errata, 352. 

Analysis (theory of the comparison of trans- 
cendentals), report on the progress of, by 
R. L. Ellis, 1846, 34; list of papers con- 
nected with the subject, 84. 

Anatidae of North America, 1836, 183; of 
Dukhun, 1837, 251; Irish, 1840, 377, 
378, 379 ; 1852, 291. 

Anatina, structure of the shell in the. Dr. 
W. B. Carpenter on the,;i844, 10 ; 1847, 
103, 131. 

Anatomy of birds. Prof. H. E. Strickland on 
the, 1844, 204. 

of the Amphipoda, C. Spence Bate 

on the, 1855, 18. 

of the Annelida, Dr. T. "Williams 

on the, 1851, 167. 

• of the ^iraneidea, on the, 1844, 62 ; 

1858, 157. 

of the Polyzoa, 1850, 307. 

• , on the nomenclature of, by Prof. 

Owen, 1846, 169. 
, on the archetype and homologies of 

the vertebrate skeleton, by Prof. Owen, 

1846, 169. 
, ijathological, on the effects of acrid 

poisons on the mucous membrane, 1835, 

211, 235. 

■ , vegetable, Dr. Lindley on, 1833, 27. 

Anemometer, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the, 

1831-32, 247 ; 1840, 103. 
• , Osier's, at Plymouth, report on, by 

Sir W. S. Harris, 1844, 241. 
, self-registering, A. E. Osier's report 

on the observations recorded at Birming- 
ham by the, 1840, 321. 
, Osier's, at Inverness, report on, by 

Sir D. Brewster, 1841, 329; 1842, 206. 
, Osier's, report on the action of, at 

Edinburgh, by Prof. J. D. Forbes, 1840, 

435- 

, Osier's, description of, 1844, 253 ; 

1846, 343.^ 

and rain-gauge at the Liverpool Ob- 
servatory, account of the, with a summary 
of the records, by A. F. Osier, 1855, 127. 

, Whewell's, tables &c. of observations 

made with, at Mount Wise, Devonport, 
by Sir W. Snow Harris, 1838, 28. ^ 

, Whewell's, report 01a the working of, 

at Plymouth, by Sir W. Snow Harris, 
1840, 157; 1841, 36; 1844,241. 

, Whewell's, description of, 1844, 242. 

', Rev. W. Foster's, Sir W. Snow Harris 

on, 1844, 250. 

, self-recording, description of a, by R. 

Beckley, 1858, 306. 

Anemometers of the Kew Observatory, 1844, 
129, 142; 1851, 341, 368; 1855, XXX ; 
1856, xxxi; 1858, 306. 

Anemometry, Professor Phillips on, 1846, 
340:— 
Mechanical effects of the movement of 
the atmosphere, 1846, 340. 



m 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Molecular effects of the movement of 
the atmosphere, 346. 
Aiiemometry, further researches on, by Prof. 

PliilUps, 1848, 97. 
Annjles, iiifiuite, Dr. C. J. Hargreave on, 

and on the principle of mean values, 1857, 

1S8. 
Anguillidae, Irish, 1840, 395 ; British, 1844, 

302. 
of the China and Japan Seas, Sir J. 

Richardson on, 1845, 312. 

of Nortli America, 1836, 219. 

of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on, 

1842, 28. 
, of the London Clay, Prof. Agassiz on, 

1844, 294, 308. 
Animal chemistry. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 521. 
economy, Liebig's examination of the 

processes employed in the nutrition and 

reproduction of the, 1842, 42. 

kingdom, lists of the, for observing 

the periodic phenomena of, 1845, 329, 
334; 1850, 341. 

kingdom. Rev. L. Jenyns on the 

primary types of form and other leading 
divisions in the, 1834, 149 ; on the several 
classes in the, 159. 

kingdom, scheme to exhibit the equi- 
valent classes and subclasses of the, for 
local museums, by Prof. Huxley, 1855, 
126.. 

matters, solid, directions for the analy- 
sis of, by Dr. Gt. O. Rees, 1837, 153. 

and vegetable substances, report 

of the Committee on the preservation 
of, by Rev. Prof. Henslow, 1840, 421 ; 
1842, 40. 

and vegetable products imported into 

Liverpool, Prof. T. C. Archer's report on, 
1857, 254. 

, vegetable, and mineral products im- 
ported into the Clyde, report by M. Connal 
and W. Keddie on the, 1858, 185. 

Animals, report of Committee on the regis- 
tration of periodical phenomena of, 1845, 
321; 1849, 78; 1850, 338-357. 

, J. Blake on the action of isomorphous 

substances on, 1843, 115; 1845, 82 ; 184G, 
27. 

, on skeleton maps for recording the 

distribution of, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 

, J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gilbert 

on tlao composition of foods in relation to 
respiration and the feeding of, 1852, 323 ; 
1854, 421. 

, list of, for observing the periodical 

phenomena of, 1845, 329, 334; 1850» 341. 

, vide Mammalia, &g. 

Animin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 526. 

Annelida, Rev. L. Jenyias on the state of 
knowledge respecting the, 1834, 187. 



— , Irish, 1843, 271 ; 1852, 295. 
— , British, report on the, by Dr. T. 
liams, 1850, 133; 1851, 159: — 
Historical Introduction. 



Wil- 



Nomenclature, 162. 
Zoological position of the class, 162. 
Anatomy of the Annelida, 167. 
The circulating fluids, 168. 
Blood-proper, 174. 
Circulating system, 176. 
Integumentary system, 190. 
Branchial processes, 192. 
Locomotive and tactile appendages, 

203. 
Alimentary system, 219. 
Reproductive system, 246. 
Senses, instinctive actions, and nervous 
system, 266. 
Annelida, British, with localities. Prof. E. 

Forbes on, 1850, 244. 
— — , British, list compiled by R. M'An- 
drew, 1860, 226: — Turbellaria, 226 ; Bdel- 
lomorpha, Bdellidea, Scolices, Gymno- 
copa, Chajtopoda, 227. 

, fossil, of the Upper SUurians, 1859, 

64. 
Annulosa, on the state of knowledge re- 
specting the, by Rev. L. Jenyns, 1834, 
184. ( Fec?e Annelida, Crustacea, Arach- 
nida, Myriapoda, Insecta.) 
Anomia, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shell of, 1844, 19 ; 1847, 

95- 
Anomodontia, fossil, Prof. Owen on tlic, 

1859, 161. 

Anomoura, Irish, 1843, 267 ; 1852, 293 ; 

1857, H2; 1858, 265; 1859, 81. 

, British, 1850, 243 ; 1860, 223. 

Anoplotherium, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 

on the, 1843, 225. 
Anoplura Britannia3, statement on Mr. 

Denny's researches on the, 1841, 331. 
exotic, report on the investigation of, 

by H. Denny, 1844, 392. 
Antarctic expedition, magnetic observations 

and results of the, 1842, i ; 1843, 54 ; 

1844, 143. 
Antelopes, Prof. A. Jacob on the infra- 
orbital cavities in, 1835, 208. 
Anthozoa, typical list of, for local museums, 

1855, 121. 

Antimony, tartrate of, J. Blake on its ef- 
fects when injected into the veins, 1845, 

83. 
Aphroditaceas, Dr. T. Williams on the, 

1851, 217, 236. 
Apiocrinidse, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on the, 

1856, 403. 

Aplysiadai of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 134, 
187 ; Irish, 1843, 25 1 ; 1852, 292 ; British, 

1860, 220. 

Apocrenic acid, in springs, Dr. Daubeny on, 
1836, 30. 

Apoda, Irish, 1843, 271; 1852, 295; Bri- 
tish, 1850, 244; 1860, 227. 

Apodes (Pisces), Irish, 1840, 395 ; British, 
1844, 302 ; of North America, 1836, 219 ; 
of New Zealand, 1842, 28 ; of the China 
and Japan Seas, 1845, 312. 

Apophyllitc, Prof. Johnston on, 1837, 192. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX 01? SUBJECTS. 



27 



Arabine (gum), analysis of, 1831-32, 511. 

Araclmida, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 
our knowledge of the, 1834, 200. 

of Dukhun, 1837, 253. 

, Irish, 1843, 270. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 118. 

, British, list of, compiled by H. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 226. 

Arachnodermata of the ^gean Sea, Prof. 
E. Forbes on the, 1843, 146. 

Araneidea, report on the structure, func- 
tions, and economy of the, by J. Black- 
wall, 1844, 62. 

, R. H. Meade on some points in the 

anatomy of the, especially on the struc- 
ture of their spinning organs, 1858, 157. 

Arcacese, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shells of, 1847, 10 1, 131. 

of the jEgean Sea, 1843, 144, 192 ; 

Irish, 1843, 260; 1852, 293 ; 1857, 105 ; 
South European, 1850, 265 ; British, 1850, 
209, 236 ; 1860, 221 ; West coast of N. 
America, 1856, 310 ; North-east Atlantic, 
&c., 1856, 142. 

Archetype and homologies of the Verte- 
brate skeleton, Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 
169. 

Arctic regions, temperature of the, 1831-32, 
216. 

Ardeida3, North American, 1836, 182 ; of 
Dukhun, 1837, 250 ; of Ireland, 1840, 374. 

Arenicola, Dr. T.Williams on the, 1851, 171, 
174, 177, 186, 188, 195, 227, 248. 

Arian and aboriginal languages of India, 
Dr, Max Miiller on the relation of the 
Bengali to the, 1847, 319. 

Ariciada3, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
199, 216, 235. 

, British, 1860, 228. 

Aristotle on earthquakes, 1850, 3, 83. 

Arragonite, 1831-32, 480. 

Arsenic, experiments on, by Cavendish, 
1839, 50. 

-^ — , J. Blake on the physiological action 
of, 1843, 118. 

, on cases of poisoning by, 1835, 225, 23 5. 

Art, pictorial, applied to ornithology. Prof. 
II. E. Strickland on, 1844, 201. 

Arteries and absorbents, report of the Lon- 
don Committee on the communication 
between the, by Dr. Hodgkin, 1836, 
289. 

Artery, carotid, Dr. G. L. Roupell on tlie 
effects of carbonic acid when thrown into 
the, 1841, 28. 
Artesian wells, on the supply of water from, 

by J. F. Bateman, 1855, 69. 
Artillery, provisional report on the pro- 
perties of metals, and effects of various 
modes of treating them which are of im- 
portance to the durabilitv and efficiency of, 
1855, 100. 
Ascidia of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 146 ; Irish, 
1843,264; 1852, 292; 1857, 105, hi; 
British, 1850, 241 ; list of, 1860, 222. 
Ashantee language, 1847, 169. 



Asiatic and African ethnology, on the re- 
sults of the Egyptian researches in re- 
ference to, 1847, 254. 

Asphyxia, notice of researches on, 1843, 294. 

Astarte, ^gean. Prof. Forbes on the, 1843, 
144, 192. 

Asteroidea of the ^gean Sea ; 1843, 148, 
150; Irish, 1843, 279 ; 1852, 296 ; Brit- 
ish, 1860, 230. 

, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on the, 1856, 

402. 

Astronomical Society's catalogue of stars 
(British Association Catalogue), reports 
on the extension of, 1838, 316; 1839, 174 ; 
1840,425; 1841, 330; 1842, 206; 1&45, 

340. 
Astronomy, Prof. Airy's report on the pro- 
gress of, 1831-32, 125 :— 

1. A short general history of institu- 
tions and periodical publications, 
126. 

2. An account of some of the instru- 
ments principally in use, 131. 

3. A statement of the improvements in 
the catalogues of fundamental stars, 
including the discussions of the va- 
rious corrections, 135. 

4. An account of the more extended 
star catalogues, with the tables for 
facilitating the corrections, 143. 

5. Notices upon the measures of double 
stars, the observations of nebulae, &c., 
146. 

6. An account of the principal obser- 
vations, tables, &c. of the sun and 
moon, the old planets and their sa- 
tellites, 149. 

7. History of the new planets and pe- 
riodical comets; and of comets ge- 
nerally, 156. 

8. Account of measures whose object is 
to determine the figure of the earth, 
165. 

9. General history of physical theories, 
169. 

10. Comparison of the progress of Astro- 
nomy in England with that in other 
countries, 180. 

11. Suggestion of points to which it 
seems desirable that the attention of 
astronomers should be directed, 186. 

in Belgium, M. Quetelet on, 1835, 57. 

, vide Stars, &c. 

Atherinidece of North America, Sir J. Ri- 

cliardson on the, 1836, 207, 211. 
Atmosphere, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the 

constitution of the, 1831-32, 206. 
, Rev. Prof. Challis on the mechanical 

theory of the, 1836, 226. 
, W. West on apparatus for the de- 
tection and measurement of gases in the, 

1838, 316; 1839, 171. 
, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the distribution 

of vapour in the, 1840, loi. 
, repoi*t on experiments with balloons 

for ascertaining the condition of the upper 



38 



REPORTS,, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



strata of the, 1841, 55; 1843, 128; 1844, 
390; 1859, 289; 1860, 43. 
Atmosphere, Prof. J. Phillips on the me- 
chanical effects of the movements of the, 

1846, 340 ; molecular effects of the move- 
ment of the, 346. 

, Prof. Schonbein on the part which 

ozone acts in the, 1845, 98. 
Atmosplieric air, moist, on the phenomenon 

which phosphorus exhibits when placed 

in, by Prof. Schonbein, 1845, 97, 100. 
electricity. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1831-32, 252; 1840, 116. 
■■ electricity, experiments on induction, 

&c. by, at the Kew Observatory, 1844, 140. 
electricity, experiments on frequency 

of, at the Kew Observatory, 1844, 141 ; 

1850, 177,179; 1851, 354. 
' electricity, report on the discussion of 

observations made at the Kew Observa- 
tory, by W. R. Birt, 1849, 113. 
electricity, report of Committee for a 

self-recording atmospheric electrometer 

for Kew, and on portable apparatus for 

observing, 1860, 44. 
• phenomena and precipitations. Prof. 

J. D. Forbes on, 1831-32, 246 ; 1840, 102. 
« pressure, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831- 

32, 225 ; 1840, 85. 
temperature. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1831-32, 210; 1840,50. 
waves. Prof. J. D. Forbes's remarks 

on, 1831-32, 235. 
— — waves, Sir J. F. W. Hersehel on, 

1843, 60, 98. 

■ waves, reports by W. R. Birt on, 

1844, 267; 1845, 112; 1846, 119, 372; 

1847, 351; 1848,35- 

Atomic theory, a brief view of, in regard to 

certain points connected with the, by 

Prof. Johnston, 1831-32, 415. 
weights multiples of that of hydrogen. 

Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 416. 
weights and specific gravities, relation 

between, 1831-32, 416. 

weights, Gerhardt's, on, 1859, 20. 

Atropin, Hyoscyamin, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 509. 
Attraction, capillary, Rev. Pro£ Challis's 

report on the theory of, 1834, 253 ; 1836, 

249. 
Augite and hornblende, on, 1831-32, 486. 
Auriculadae, Irish, 1843, 253 ; of the North- 
east Atlantic, 1856, 116, 145 ; of the West 

Coast of North America, 1856, 315, 
Aurochs, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1843, 232. 
Aurora borealis, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the, 

1831-32,2 54; 1840, 120. 
— — , notes on the appearance of an, 1839, 

29. 
Avena fatua, experiments on the growth of, 

by Prof. J. Buckman, 1857, 206. 
Avicula, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 20. 
Aviculadse, Irish, 1843; 260; of the West 



Coast of North America, 1856, 249; 
British, 1860, 221. 

Balaenida?, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 
1840, 363. 

Balistida3 of the China Seas, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1845, 200, 318. 

Balloons, report on experiments with, for 
ascertaining the condition of the upper 
strata of the atmosphere, 1841, 55 ; 1843, 
T28 ; 1844, 390; 1859, 289 ; 1860, 43. 

Barium, chloride of, and sulphate of mag- 
nesia, — or sulphate of soda, — or sulphate 
of zinc, — or protosulphate of iron, — or 
sulpliato of copper, — or sulplatc of am- 
monia. Dr. T.Andrews on the heat of com- 
binations of, 1849, 71, 72. 

Barker's water-mill, J. Glynn on, 1847, 148. 

Barley, experiments on the growth of, by 
Prof. J. Buckman, 1857, 206. 

Barometer, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the mean 
height of the, 1840, 88. 

for use in a balloon, on the, 1841, 58. 

, on the oscillations of the, by W. R. 

Birt, 1846, 132. 

, photo-registering, at Kew Observa- 
tory, 1848, xviii. 

, examples of falls of the, preceding 

earthquakes, R. Mallet on, 1850, 69. 

Barometers of the Kew Observatory, 1844, 
127; 1848, xviii; 1851, 346,367; 1852, 
xxviii ; 1854, xxviii ; 1855, xxx ; 1856, xxx. 

, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831-32, 225 ; 

1840, 85. 

Baromotograph, photo-, at the Kew Ob- 
servatory, description of the, 1851, 346. 

Barometric oscillations, Prof. J. D. Forbes 
on, 1831-32, 229 ; 1840, 90. 

variation with height, Prof. J. D. 

Forbes on, 1831-32, 236 ; 1840, 92. 

observations, discussion of Mr. Brown's, 

by W. R. Birt, 1846, 140. 

Barytes, acetate of, and sulphuric acid, or 
oxalic acid, Dr. T. Andrews on the heat 
of combinations of, 1849, 74. 

— — and strontian, separation of, 1831-32, 

475- 

, nitrate of, and sulphate of magnesia, — ■ 

or sulphate of soda, — or sulphate of zinc, 
— or sulphate of copper, — or sulphuric 
acid. Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of com- 
binations of, 1849, 73, 74. 

in mineral waters, Dr. Daubeny on, 

1836, 16. 

, hyposulphite of. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 481. 

Basalt of Dukhun, on the, 1837, 223. 

Bases and acids, heat of combination of, 
1849, 68. 

Bassorine (gum), analysis of, 1831-32, 511. 

Batrachia, fossil. Prof. Owen on, 1841, 181 ; 
1859, 166. 

Batrachoidese (Acanthopterygii) of North 
America, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1836, 
207, 212. 

Bats of North America, 1836, 138; of Duk- 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



29 



hun, 1837, 246; of Ireland, 1840, 358; 

1852, 291. 
Beams, Prof. E. Hodgkinson on impact 

upon, 1835, 93. 
Bears of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 142. 
Bees-wax, analysis of, 1831-32, 512. 
Begharmi language, 1847, 182. 
Belemnites, British, notice relative to, by 

Prof. Phillips, 1842, 213. 
Bengal river-boats, A. Henderson on, 1858, 

272. 
Bengali, on the relation of the, to the Arian 

and aboriginal languages of India, by 

Dr. Max Miiller, 1847, 319. 
Benzamide, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 503. 
, Gt. C. Foster and Dr. Odling on, 

1859, 5, 7. 
Benzoic acid and benzule. Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 502. 
Bsrbor languages, on the, 1847, 210. 
Bergoo or Mobba language, 1847, 183. 
Berthon's collapsing boat, A. Henderson 

on, 1857, 325. 
Berycidic of the China and Japan Seas, 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 222. 
Beta-resin, Dr. E. Schunck on, 1848, 57, 68. 
Blela's comet, 1831-32, 163, 188. 
Bichlorine ether, 1831-32, 519. 
Bile, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 523. 

, on the formation of, 1842, 50. 

Birds, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of know- 
ledge respecting, 1834, 167. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 248. 

• of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 164. 
of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 364, 401; 1852, 291. 
, Prof. Strickland's report on the pro- 
gress of Ornithology, 1844, 170. 
, on the registration of the periodical 

phenomena of, 1845, 330; list for, 334; 

1850, 341. 
, anatomy and physiology of, Prof.H.E. 

Strickland on the, 1844, 204. 
, Prof. Owen on the cranium of, 1846, 

189, et seq. 
, list of, for local museums, by Dr. P. 

L. Sclater, 1855, iii. 

■ , vide Ornithology. 

Births and baptisms in large towns of Scot- 
land, 1842, 146. 
Bisharye language, 1847, 204. 
Bismuth, expansion of, on becoming solid, 

1831-32, 478. 

, oxide of, 1831-32, 478. 

Blast furnaces at the Ystalyfera iron-works, 

J. P. Budd on the advantageous use made 
""of the gaseous escape from the, 1848, 75. 
Blenniidic of the China and Japan Seas, Sir 

J. Richardson on the, 1845, 265. 
, of the London Clay, Prof. Agassiz on, 

1844, 291, 308. 
Blind, report by Rev. W. Taylor on the 

modes of printing for the use of the, 

1837, 87. 



Blood, analysis of, globuline, hematosine, 
colour of, manganese in, volatile princi- 
ple in, 1831-32, 522. 

, Prof. W. Clark on the, 1834, 116; 

the corpuscles, 117; structure, 118; the 
lymph, fibrin, serum, 120 ; gas, 123 ; the 
powers which circulate it, 129. 

, on the physiological action of various 

substances introduced into the, by J. 
Blake, 1843, 115 ; 1845, 82 ; 1846, 27. 

Boat, collapsing, Berthon's, 1857, 325. 

Boats, life-, Major- General Chesney on the 
construction and general use of efficient, 
1854, 327. 

, life and fishing, A. Henderson's re- 
port on the statistics of, on the coasts of 
the United Kingdom, 1857, 308. 

— of Bengal, A. Henderson on the, 1858, 
272. 

Boiler-engineering, W. Fairbairn on the re- 
sistance of tubes to collapse, 1857, 215; 
on the collapse of glass globes and cylin- 
ders, 1858, 174. 

Boiler plate, W. Fairbairn on the tensile 
strength of, at various temperatures, 1856, 

4°5- 
Boiler, stationary, improved, W. Fairbairn 

on, 1844, 115. 
Boilers and furnaces, W. Fairbairn on the 
forms of, for the consumption of fuel and 
the prevention of smoke, 1844, 103. 

, locomotive, W. Fairbairn on the. 

strength of, and the causes which lead to 
explosion, 1853, 53. 
Bones, cranial. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 169. 
Boracic acid in thermal springs, Dr. Dau- 

beny on, 1836, 27. 
Boi'lasiie, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 

171, 177, 189, 243. 
Bornu language, 1847, 184. 
Bos primigenius, Prof. Owen on, 1843, 232 ; 

B. longifrons, 235. 
Botanical Grarden of the Royal Agricultural 
College, Cirencester, experiments on the 
growth of plants in, by Prof. Buckman, 
1857, 200 ; 1859, 22 ; 1860, 34. 
Botany, report on the philosophy of, by 
Dr. Lindley, 1833, 27-57:— 
Elementary organs, 27. 
Circulation, 32. 
Structure of the axis, 33. 
Arrangement of leaves, 40. 
Structure of leaves, 41. 
Anther, &c., 43. 
Origin of the pollen, 44. 
Fertilization, 45. 
Origin of organs, 49. 
Morphology, 50. 
Gradual development, 53. 
Irritability, 54. 
Action of coloured light, 54. 
Colours, 55. 
Excretions, 56. 
of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

239- 
, vide Plants. 



30 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Bovid.T, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1843, 

232. 

Brachiopoda, 1834, 224 ; ^gean Sea, 1843, 
141, 193; Irish, 1843, 259; 1857, 108, 
225 ; West coast of N. America, 1856, 298 ; 
North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 1 14; South 
European, 1850, 265 ; British, 1860, 222. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 116. 

-, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 16 ; 1847, 

93- 
Brachyiu-a, Irish, 1843, 267 ; 1852, 293 ; 

1857, 112; 1858, 263, 265, 286, 292; 

1859, 80 ; 1860, 3 1 ; of the Clyde, 1856, 50. 

, British, 1850, 243 ; list of, 1860, 222. 

Brain and nervous system. Dr. W. C. Henry 

on the physiology of the, 1833, 63. 

and nervous system, report of the 

Dublin Committee on the pathology of 
the, 1836, 283. 

Brass, E.. Mallet on its power to preserve cast- 
and wrought-iron in sea-water, 1838, 293. 

Brassica oleraeea (wild cabbage). Prof. Buck- 
man on, 1859, 28 ; 1860, 37. 

Breaks for railway trains, experiments on, 
by W. Fairbairn, 1859, 76. 

Brendel's water-pressure engine, J. Glynn 
on, 1848, 12. 

Bridges, P. W. Barlow on the mechanical 
effect of combining girders and suspension 
chains, &c., 1857, 238. 

• , suspension, C. Vignoles on their 

adaptation to sustain the passage of rail- 
way trains, 1857, 154; 1858, 293. 

, experiments on the effect of vibratory 

action and long-continued changes of 
load upon wrought-iron girders of, by 
W. Fairbairn, 1860, 45. 

British Association Catalogue of Stars (ex- 
tension of the Royal Astronomical So- 
ciety's Catalogue), report on, 1838, 316 ; 
1839, 174; 1840, 425; 1841, 330; 1842, 
206; 1845, 340. 

Bromic acid, its effects when injected into 
the veins, J. Blake on, 1845, 83. 

Bromides, test for chlorine in. Prof. Johnston 
on, 1831-32, 466. 

Bromine in salt springs, Dr. Daubeny on, 
1836, 16. 

and iodine. Dr. T. Andrews on the 

heat of combination of, 1849, 78. 

Brychetus MuUeri, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on, 
1844, 293. 

Bryozoaof the ^gean Sea, 1843, 151 ; Irish, 
1843, 284 ; 1852, 296 ; West coast of 
N. America, 1856, 298 ; British, with lo- 
calities, 1850, 242. {vide Polyzoa.) 

Bubulin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 526. 

Buccinidse, Irish, 1843, 257 ; 1852, 292 ; 
1857, 106, 228 ; ^gean, 1843, 133 ; South 
European, 1850, 266, et scq. ; North-east 
Atlantic, &c., 1856, 131; West Coast of 
North America, 1856, 341 ; British, 1850, 
204, 226 ; 1860, 218. 

Buccinxmi reticulatura, C. W. Peach on, 
1843, 129. 



Bulimus, Dr. W. Carj^enter on the structure 
of the shell of the, 1847, 109. 

Bullidee of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 134, 187 ; 
of Ireland, 1843, 252 ; of the West coast 
of N. America, 1856, 313 ; of the North- 
east Atlantic, 1856, 145 ; British, 1800, 
219. 

Bylandt's " Th^orie des Volcans," extracts 
from, by R. Mallet, 1850, 21. 

Cacciatore mercurial dish, used in Seismo- 
metry, R. Mallet on the, 1858, 73, 78. 

Caffre languages, 1847, 189, 218. 

Calcareous formations of North America, 
Prof. H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 51. 

Calcium, chloride of, experiments made at 
the Kew Observatory on insulation by 
means of, 1844, 138. 

Callionymida? of the China and Japan seas, 
Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 210, 319. 

Calyptra?a, Dr. W, Carpenter on the struc- 
ture of the shell of the, 1847, 114, 133. 

CamacadsB of Ireland, 1843, 261 ; British, 
ISOO, 221. 

Camcroons language, 1847, 172. 

Camphor, artificial, analysis of, 1831-32, 
512. 

, Dr. Daubeny on the term, 1851, 127. 

Canals, G-. Rennie on the progress of hy- 
draulic engineering with reference to, 
1834, 415 ; in England, 473. 

Canis, fossil, L'l'itish, Prof Owen on the, 

1842, 70. 

Cannon, on metals for, 1855, 100. 
Capillary attraction, report by Rev. Prof. 

Challis on the theory of, 1834, 253 ; 1836, 

249. 

ascension and diffusion of saline so- 
lutions, 1859, 306. 

Capra, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1843, 236. • 

Caprellidse, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 

1855, 60. 
Caprimulgidffi of North America, 1836, 179 ; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 248 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

372- 
Carbon, bisulphuret of, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 463. 

, new chloride of, 1831-32, 518. 

Carbonate of lead. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 481. 
of lime (Arragonite), Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 480 ; hydrated, 481. 

of soda. Dr. Daubeny on its ori- 
gin in certain secondary rocks, 1836, 24. 

of soda and lime, 1831-32, 480. 

Carbonic acid evolved from mineral waters. 

Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 36, 71. 
acid, Dr. G. L. Roupell on its effecfs 

when thrown into the veins and the carotid 

artery, 1841, 28. 
acid, its action on the growth of plants, 

by R. Hunt, 1848, 84 ; by Dr. Daubeny, 

1848, 07; 1849, 56; 1850, 159. 
Carboniferous system, table of British fishes 

of the, by Prof. Agassiz, 1843, 195. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



31 



Carcharidge of New Zealand, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1842, 29. 

of Ireland, 1840, 397 ; of New Zea- 
land, 1842, 29 ; of the seas of China and 
Japan, 1845, 194, 317. 

Cardiacese, microscopic structure of the 
shells of, Dr. W. B. Carpenter on the, 
1847, 102. 

Cardiadje of the West Coast of North Ame- 
rica, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 307. 

of Strangford Lough, 1857, 105, 106, 

107, 108, 109. 

Cardoons (vegetable), Prof. J. Buckman on 
the growth of, 1857, 212. 

Carduus tuberosus, C. acaulis, and C. ar- 
vensis. Prof. Buckman on the growth of, 
1857, 214; 1859,26; 1860, 39. 

Carnivora of North America, 183G, 138 ; of 
Ireland, 1840, 358. 

, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1842, 62. 

Cartilaginei (Pisces) of N. America, 1836, 
221; of New Zealand, 1842, 29; Irish, 
1840, 397 ; 1852, 292 ; of the China and 
Japan seas, 1845, 193. 

Caryophylleadie, Brit^h, 1860, 234. 

Catalogue of Philosc^hical Memoirs, pre- 
liminary report on the formation of, by 
A. Cayley, R. Grant, and Prof. G. G. 
Stokes, 1856, 463. 

Cattle-food, fenugreek used for flavouring, 
1859, 28. 

Cave-temples of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 
1837, 255, 259. 

Cells of plants. Dr. Lindley on the, 1833, 
28. 

Celtic language. Dr. C. Meyer on the im- 
portance of the study of the, as exhibited 
by the modern Celtic dialects, 1847, 301. 

Ce]:>halaspis, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on the, 
1842, 87 ; 1843, 195. 

Cephalopoda, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state 
of our knowledge of the, 1834, 218. 

• of the ^Egean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 131. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

248. 

, British, Prof. E. Forbes on, 1850, 

?4i- 
, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 218. 
of the North-east Atlantic, &c., R. 

M 'Andrew on the, 1856, 133, 154. 
of the west coast of North America, 

P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 345. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 1 14. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1847, 116. 
Cepolidas of the Japan and China seas, Sir 

J. Richardson on the, 1845, 277. 
Ceramites Hisingeri, Prof. G. Forchhammer 

on the, 1844, 162. 
Cerasine (gum), 1831-32, 511. ' 
Cereal grasses, experiments by Prof. J. Buck- 
man on the growth of tlie, 1857, 206 ; 

1859, 30; 1860, 35. 



Cerebellum, Dr. W. C. Henry on the, 1833, 

68. 
Cerebrum, Dr. W. C. Henry on the, 1833, 

63- . 
Cerithiadse of Ireland, 1843, 257: of the 
Mgean Sea, 1843, 139, 190; North-east 
Atlantic, 1856, 124; West coast of North 
America, 1858, 325 ; South European, 
1850, 266; British, 1850, 202, 224; 1800, 



219. 



77 



of 



Certhiadas of North America, 1836, 
Ireland, 1840, 371. 

Cervidaj, Irish, 1840, 361. 

Cervus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 
1843, 236. 

Cestoidea, Irish, 1843, 276; 1852, 295. 

, British, 1860, 229. 

Cestraciontidas of the China Sea, Sir J. 
Richardson on, 1845, 195. 

Cetacea of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 161. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1840, 363. 

, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1842, 72. 

Cetiosaurus brevis. Prof. Owen on the, 1841, 
94 ; C. brachyurus, 100 ; C. medius, 100 
C. longus, 10 1. 

Cetone, Dr. Daubeny on the term, 1851, 130. 

Chabasie, Prof. Johnston on the mineral, 
1837, 192. 

Ch£ctodontida3 of North America, Sir J. 
Richardson on the, 1836, 206, 210. 

of the China and Japan seas, 1845, 

244. 

Chains, suspension, and girders, on the me- 
chanical effect of combining, by P. W. 
Barlow, 1857, 238. 

Chamaceag, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of , 1847, ICO. 

Cliaracida; of the London Clay, Prof. Agas- 
siz on, 1844, 293. 

Charadriadre of Dukhun, 1837, 250; of N. 
America, 1836, 183; of Ireland, 1840, 

374- 
Charts, selenographical, W. De La Rue on 

the value of photography in the produc- 
tion of, 1859, 147. 
Cheiracanthus, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 

87; 1843, 194. 
Cheirolepis, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 

87 ; 1843, 195. 
Cheiroptera of Ireland, 1840, 358; 1852, 291 ; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 246; of North America, 

1836, 138. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on tlie, 

1842, 56. 
Chelonia, North American, 1836, 199; Irish, 

1840, 383. 
, fossil, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 160 

1859, 166. 
Chelonidse (Turtles), fossil, British, Prof. 

Owen on the, 1841, 168. 
Cheluridffi, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 

1855, 59. 
Chemical action of the solar radiations, re- 
port on the state of our knowledge of the, 



32 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



being facts gathered from the transactions 
of learned societies and scientific periodi- 
cals of Europe and America, by R. Hunt, 
1850, 137. 

Chemical action of light, Prof. Bunsen and 
Dr. Roscoe on, 1850, 62. 

aetion of tlio solar radiations, R. Hunt 

on the, 1852, 262 : — 

Analysis of spectrum by absorbent me- 
dia, No. 1 : — 

A. Series of yellow glasses, 262. 

B. Series of red glasses, 263. 

C. Series of green glasses, 264. 

D. Series of blue glasses, 266. 

E. Miscellaneous, 267. 
Chemical series, No. 1. Chemical 

spectra obtained after the pris- 
matic spectrum has been analysed 
by the interposition of transparent 
coloured screens, 268. 

Photographic agent — CoUodio-iodide 
of silver on glass plates, 268. 

Glasses (A), yellow media, 268. 

Glasses (B), red media, 269. 

Glasses (C), green media, 270. 

Glasses (D), blue media, 271. 

(E) Miscellaneous series, 272. 
Second report, 1853, 68 : — 

The chemical preparation. 

(A) Series of yellow glasses, 68. 

Red series, 77. 

Quinine solution, 78. 

combinations, Dr. T. Andrews on the 

heat of, 1849, 63. 

composition of cast-iron by the hot 

and cold blast, Dr. T. Thompson on the, 

1837,117. 

compounds, on, 1859, i. 

examination of rocks and minerals, 

by A. Gages, 1859, 65. 

mineralogy, Rev. Dr. Whewell on, 

1831-32, 343. 

• notation, on, 1831-32, 345, 445 ; 1835, 

207. 
science. Prof. J. F. W. Johnston's re- 
port on, 1831-32, 414-529 : — 
Introduction. 
Combining ratios, 41 5. 
All atomic weights multiples of that of 

hydrogen, 416. 
Relation between atomic weights and 

specific gravities, 416. 
Can we obtain the true atoms, or only 

multiples of them? 417. 
Doctrine of volumes, 420. 
Dumas's researches on the density of 

gases and vapours, 421. 
Isomorphism, use of, in determining 

the compositions of oxides, &c., 422. 
Oxides of chromium, 423. 
Silica, 423. 
AppHcation of isomorpliism to mineral 

compounds, 424. 
Isomorphous groups, 425. 
Relation of the forms of potash and 

soda, 427. 



Cliemical science, coyitinued. 

Forms of mineral substances, 427. 

Differences b3tween the angles of si- 
milar crystals of the same group, 
428. 

Plesiomorpliism, 429. 

Homoiomorphism, 429. 

Influence of temperature on crystal- 
line forms, 430. 

Isomorphism of potash and ammonia 
-|-two atoms of water, 431. 

Dimorphism, 431. 

Isodimorphism, 433. 

Isomerism, 434. 

Polymerism and metamerism, 43 5. 

1. List of isomeric bodies, 436. 

2. List of metameric bodies, 438. 

3. Polymeric substtxnces, 439. 
Sulphur salts, 440. 

Chlorine salts, 442. 
Chemical notation, 445. 
Arbitrary symbols, 446. 
Part II. — 1. Inorganic Chemistry : — 
Physical relations of the gases, 447. 
Condensation of the gases, 450. 
Law of Mariotte, 451. 
Simple substances — non-metallic. Hy- 
drogen gas, 452. 
Basifying power of hydrogen, 452. 
Water, maximum density of, 453. 
Steam, 454. 
Ice, 454. 

Persulphuretted hydrogen, 454. 
Nitrogen, 455. 

Phosphuretted hydrogen, 456. 
Phosphoric acid, 457. 
Metaphosphoric acid, 458. 
Sulphur in mineral waters, 460. 
Suljjhuretted hydrogen, action of, on 

nitric acid, 460. 
Hyposulphurous acid, 461. 
Sulphm'ous acid gas, 461. 
Anhydrous sulphuric acid, 462. 
Deutoxide of chlorine, 462. 
Chlorous acid, 462. 
Sulphuret of phosphorus and chlorine, 

463- 

Bisulphuret of carbon, 463. 

Muriate, hydriodate, and hydrobro- 
mate of phosphm'etted hydrogen, 
464. 

Oxides of chlorine and iodine, 465. 

Perchloric acid, 466. 

Iodic acid, 466. 

Test for clilorine in bromides, 466. 

Oxacids of cyanogen, 467. 

Metals, precipitation of, from solutions 
in a malleable state, 467. 

Electro -negative metals, — vanadium, 
468. 

Vanadiate of lead, 470. 

Tellurium, 47 1 ; metallic tellurium, 
tellurous acid, telluric acid, persul- 
phuret of tellurium, chlorides of tel- 
lurium, 472-474. 

Artificial ultramarine, 474. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



8S 



Chemical science, continued. 

Electro-positive metals, reduction of, 

475- 
Potash, 475. 
Barytes and strontian, separation of, 

^.475- 

Lime, 476. 

Thorium, 476. 

Manganese, 476. 

Zinc and Oxide of 5iinc, 477. 

Iron, carburets of, 478. 

Lead, sulphurets of, 478. 

Bismuth, expansion of, on becoming 
solid, 478. 

Bismuth, oxide of, 478. 

Coj)per, phosphuret of, 479. 

Salts, 479. 

lodate of soda, 480. 

Carbonate of soda and lime, 480. 
Carbonate of lime ( Arragonite), 480. 

Hydrated carbonate of lime, 481. 

Hyposulphite of barytes, 48 1. 

Carbonate of lead, 481. 

Sulphate of copper, 482. 

Red salts of manganese, 482. 

Peroxalate of iron, action of light upon, 
482. 

Submuriate of iron, 483. 

Hydrocarburetted chlorides of plati- 
num, 483. 

Compound cyanides, 484. 
Mineral Chemistry : — 

Phosphates of lead, 484. 

Octohedral minerals, 485. 

Hornblende and augite, 486. 

Artificial mineral compounds, 486. 
State of Inorganic Chemistry : — 

Elementary substances, 487. 

Table of the most important binary 
compounds of the elementary sub- 
stances with each other, 488, 490. 
Part III. Organic Chemistry : — 

Section 1. Vegetable products, 496. 
Vegetable Acids : — 

Tartaric and paratartaric acids, 500. 

Pyro tartaric acid, 501. 

Pyroparatartaric acid, 501. 

Benzoic acid and benzule, 502. 

Benzamid, 503. 

MetamorpMc oil of bitter almonds, 503. 

Gallic acid, 503. 

Acetic acid, 504. 

Chloroxalic acid, 505. 

Oxamid, 505. 

Elardic and palmic acids, 505. 

List of vegetable acids, 506. 

Vegetable alkalies, 508. 

Mode of testing Peruvian bark, 508. 

Test for cinchonin in sulphate of 
quinine, 509. 

Atropin and Hyoscyamin, 509. 

Coniin, 509. 

List of vegetable alkalies, 510. 

Indifferent vegetable substances, 511. 
: Manna sugar (mannito), analysis of, 
511. 



Chemical science, continued. 

Gums — arabine, bassorine, cerasine, 
analysis of, 511. 

Vegetable and bees' -wax, analysis of, 
512. 

Oil of turpentine and Artificial cam- 
phor, analysis of, 512. 

Resins and gum resins — acid bodies, 
512. 

Basic resins, 513. 

Subresins, 513. 

O^jium, principles obtained from it, 

513- 
List of indifierent vegetable principles, 

514. 
List of colouring matters, 515. 
List of gums, resinous substances, stea-- 

roptes, &c., 516. 
Products of destructive distillation, &c,, 

517- 
Etherine, the term Etherine=:E. pro- 
posed for the radical or base of the 
jBthers, 517. 
Chloral, 518. 

New chloride of carbon, 518. 
Bichlorine aether, 519. 
Perchlorine tether, 519. 
Chlorovinic and chlorovinous acids, 

519. 
Naphthaline, 519, 
Paraffin, 519. 
Eupion, 520. 

Organic matter in mineral waters, 521. 
Section 2. Animal principles and pro- 
ducts, 521. 
Blood, 522. 
Albumen, 523. 
Bile, 523. 
Urea, 524. 
Uric acid, 524. 
Cyanurate of urea, 524. 
Purpuric acid, 525. 
Erythric acid, 525. 
Lactic acid, 525. 
Milk, 525. 
Bubulin, 526. 
Odorin, animin, kc, 526. 
Olanin, 526. 
Ammolin, 526. 
Paraffin and eupion, 526. 
List of acid principles, 528. 
List of indifferent and alkaline prin-- 
ciples, 528. 
Chemical theory of thermal springs, Dr.- 
Daubeny on the, 1836, 68. 

theory of volcanos, W. Hopkins on 

the, 1847, 38. 
■ transformations, heterologous, homo- 
logous, and isologous, 1859, 17. 
Chemistry, agricultural, 1859, 31. 

, animal, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

.521. 

• , electro-, on, 1840, 209; 1845, 91; 

1857, 158. 
— — , inorganic, report on, by Prof. John- 
ston, 1831-32, 447. A 



34 



REPORTS, ETC.— INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



Chemistry, mineral, Prof. Johnston's report 

on, 1831-32, 484. 
of mineralogy, Bev. Di*. Whewell on 

the, 1831-32, 343. 
, organic, Prof. Johnston's report on, 

1831-^2,496. 
, organic, applied to physiology and 

pathology, Dr. Lyon Playf air's abstract 

of Liebig's report on, 1842, 42. 
, organic, report on the progress and 

state of, by G. C. Foster and Dr. Odling, 
. 1859, I. 

Chimseridje of North America, Sir J. Eich- 
. ardson on the, 1836, 221. 
of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 29. 

of the Oolitic system, 1843, 201. 

of the Cretaceous system, 1843, 

. 204. 

of the Tertiary system, 1843, 206. 

Chinese and Indo-Chinese languages, on 

the, 1847, 247. 
Chiton, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of, 1847, 114, 132. 
Chitonidae .of the JEgean Sea, 1843, 135, 

188; Irish, 1843, 259; N.E. Atlantic, 

1856, 145 ; West coast of N. America, 

1856, 317. 
Chloral, on, 1831-32, 518. 
Chloric acid, J. BlakQ on its effects when 

injected into the veins, 1845, 84. 
Chloride of carbon, new, on a, 1831-32, 

518. 
of barium and sulphate of magnesia, 

or sulphate of soda, or sulphate of zinc, 

or protosulphate of iron, or sulphate 

of copper, or sulphate, of ammonia. Dr. 

T. Andrews on the heat of combinations 

of, 1849, 71, 72. 
Chlorides of tellurium, Prof. Johnston on 

the, 1831-32, 474. 
, hydrocarburetted, of platinum, 1831- 

32,483. 
Chlorine, deutoxide of. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 462. 
and iodine, oxides of, Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 465. 
and phosphorus, sulphuret of, Prof. 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 463. 
in bromides, test for. Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 466. 
gas. Dr. T. Andrews on the heat pro- 
duced by combustions in, 1849, 77. 
-r— salts, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

442. 
Chlorous acid, Prof Johnston on, 1831-32, 

462. 
Chlorovinic and chlorovinous acids. Prof. 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 519. 
Chloroxalic acid, Prof Johnston on, 1831- 

32,505. 
Choeropotamus, fossil, British, Prof Owen 

on, 1843, 226. 
Cliondropterygii eleutheropomi and C. tre- 

matopneontes of North America, Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1336, zzi. 



Chromimn, oxides of, Prof. Johnston on 

the, 1831-32, 423. 
Cidaridae, British, 1860, 230. 
■ , oolitic, Dr. T. Wright on, 1856, 399, 

400. 
Circulation ia the freshwater Polyzoa, Prof. 

Allman on the, 1850, 312, 
in the Amphipoda, 0. Spence Bate on 

the, 1855, 50. 
in plants, Prof. Lindley on, 1833, 

Cirrhatulus, Dr. T. Williams on, 1851, 191, 

200, 216, 236. 
Cirrhitidse of the China and Japan seas, Sir 

J. Richardson on the, 1845, 239. 
Cirrhobranchiata of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 

133, 135, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 259; of 

the North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 117; 

West coast of N. America, 1856, 317; 

British, 1850, 200, 220; 1860, 219. 
Cirripedia, Rev. L. Jenyns oh the state of 

our knowledge of the, 1834, 225. 
, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 265, 

266 ; 1852, 293. 
, British, with localities. Prof. E. Forbes 

on, 1850, 244. 
i , British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 226. 
■—. — , list of, for local museums, 1856, 121. 
Cladocera, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 

269 ; 1852, .294 ; British, 1860, 225. 
Cladyodon, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841,155. . 
Clay, ferruginous, of Dukhun, 1837, 224. 
— - formations of North America, 1834, 

1 8 _et seq. 
, London, Prof. Agassiz on the fossil 

fishes of the, 1844, 279. 
Cleat in coal. Prof. Phillips on the, 1856, 

395- 
Cleavage and foliation in rocks. Prof. Phil- 
lips on, 1856, 369 : vide Rocks. 
Clematius reticulatus, fossil, 1843, 194. 
Climate of the — 

Arctic Regions (Greenland, Iceland, 

Norrth America), 1847, 376, Table 1 ; 

1848, 84, Table 1. 
United States and Canada, 1847, Tables 

1,2,3,4; 1848, 84, Table 1. 
Mexico and the West Indies, 1847, 

Tables 4, 5 ; 1848, 84, Table 1. 
South America, 1847, Table 5 ; 1848, 

84, Table 1, 
Africa, Islands of the Atlantic, 1847, 

Table 6; 1848, 84, Table 1. 
Great Britain, 1847, Tables 6, 7; 

1848, 84, Table 1. 
France, 1847, Table 8; 1848, 84, 

Table 1. 
Switzeriand, 1847, Table 9; 1848, 84, 

Table 1. 
Holland and Belgium, 1847, Table 9. 
Germany, 1847, Tables 9, 10, 11, 12, 

13; 1848, 84, Table 2. 
Italy, 1847, Tables 13, 14; 1848, 84, 

Table 2. 



REPORTS, ETC.-^INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



39" 



Climate, continued. 

Spain and Portugal, 1847, Tabk 14; 

1848, 84, Table 2. 
Mediterranean, coast of, 1847, Table 

14 ; 1848, 84, Table 2. 
Austrian Dominions, 1847, Table 14. 
Ottoman Empire, Persia, Egypt, 1847, 

Table 15. 
Denmark, Norway, Sweden, 1847, 

Table 15 ; 1848, 84, Table 2. 
Eussia in Europe, Siberia and Chinese 

Tartary, Nova Zembla, 1847, Table 

16 ; 1848, 84, Table 2. 
India and China, Malay Archipelago, 

1847, Tables 17, 18; 1848, 84, 

Table 1. 
South Africa, 1847, Table 18. 
Australia, Van Diemen Island, New 

Zealand, 1847, Table 18. 
Corrections for the hours of observa- 
tion to the mean temperature of the- 

respective months, 1847, Tables 19, 

20, 21, 22, 23. 

of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 128. 

of Bengal, Col. Sykes on the, 1852, 

252. 

of Birmingham, W. Wills on the, 

1852, 297. 

of Bombay, General Sabine on the, 

1845, 73. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

231. 
of Southampton, J. Drew on the, 1851, 

54- 
of Toronto in Canada, General Sabine 

on the, 1844, 42. 
and productiveness of a country, re- 
marks by General Cullen and others on 

the effect of trees on the, 1851, 100. 
, remarks by Prof, Dove on his maps 

of the isothermal lines of the globe, and 

conclusions in regard to climatology de- 

ducible from, 1848, 85. 
Climatology, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831- 

32, 213. 
Clock, storm, of the Kew observatory, 1844, 

142; 1850, 178. 
Clouds, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831-32, 245; 

1840, III. 
, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the colour of 

the, 1840, 120. 
Clupeidffi, Irish, 1840, 392 ; British, 1844, 

302. 
— ^ — of New Zealand, Sir J. Eichardson on 

the, 1842, 26. 
of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Eichardson on the, 1845, 304. 
of North America, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1836, 215, 217. 

, fossil, of the London clay, Prof. 

• Agassiz on, 1844, 292, 308. 
Coal, Prof. Phillips on the cleat in, 1856, 

395- 

and other fuels, "W. Fairbairn on the 

'. constituents of, 1844, 100, 



Goal-gas, Prof. Bunsen and Dr. Lyon Play-'' 
fair on a simple method for the analysis 
of, 1845, 149. . . 

, nature of, 1845, 153. 

Coal-measures and the lower new red sand- 
stone at CoUyhurst, report on the excava- 
tion made at the junction of the, by E. W. 
Binney, 1843, 241. 

Coal-mines, explosions in, and revolving 
storms, report on the relation between, 
by T. Dobson, 1855, i. 

Coal-tar as a covering varnish for iron, E. 
Mallet on, 1840, 240.; 1843, 23. 

Coccosteus oblongus, fossil, of the Devonian 
system, Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 87; C. 
latus, 87; C. cuspidatus, 87. 

Cod-fish, Prof. Owen on the skull of the, 
IMQ, i-j^ et seq. 

Ccelenterata, British marine, list of, com- 
piled by E, M 'Andrew, 1860, 232. 

Coelum Australe Stelliferum, report on the: 
reduction of Lacaille's stars in the, 1839, 
171; 1840,427; 1841, 327; 1842, 205 ;> 
1845, 339; 1847,379. 

Collyritidas, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on, 1856,' 

399' 402- 
Colour of the sky and clouds, Prof. J. D, 

Forbes on the, 1840, 120. 
Colouring matter of water. Dr. Daubeny on 

the, 1836, 35. 

matters, list of, by Prof. Johnston, 

, 1831-32, 515, 516. 
matters of madder. Dr. Schunck on 

the, 1846, 24; 1847, 136; 1848, 57, 71. 
Colours of plants. Dr. Lindley on, 1833, 55. 
of thin plates, Eev. J)r. Lloyd on the 

progress of knowledge of, 1834, 338; of 

crystalline plates, 395. 
Columbidae of North America, 1836, 180 ; of 

Dukhun, 1837, 250; of Ireland, 1840, 372. 
Colymbidae of North America, 1836, 184; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 251; of Ireland, 1840, 

379- 
Comet of 1843, Dr. von Boguslawski on,. 

the, 1845, 86. 
Comets, periodical, and of comets generally, 

Prof. Airy on, 1831-32, 159, 177, 188. 

, on the perturbation of, 1831-32, 177. 

Compass, A. Smith on the deviations of the, 

in wooden and iron ships, 1854, 434. ' 
Compounds, organic, Dr. Daubeny on the 

nomenclatiire of, 1851, 124. 
Compteur, Morin's, notice of, in the report 
, of a committee on a constant indicator 

for steam-engines, 1841, 309. 
Gonchacese, .i^Egean, 1843, 143; North-east 

Atlantic, &c., 1856, 104 ; British, 1850, 

231 ; 1860, 221 ; Irish, 1843, .261 ; 1852, 

=^93- , . 
, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic. 

structure of the shells of, 1847, 102. 
Conchology, recent and fossil, enlarged ex- ■ 

hibitions in illustration of, at the British^ 

Museum, report on, by the Marquis of 

Northampton, 1840, 443. 

, vide Shells. 

d2 



36 



KEPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Conduction of heat, Rev. Prof. Kelland on 
the, 1841, 1. 

of heat, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the, 

1852, 260. 

Congruences, Prof. H. J. S. Smith on the 

theory of^ 1859, 230; 1860, 127. 
Coniin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 509. 
Conirostros of North America, 1836, 174, 

176, 193; of Dukhun, 1837, 249; of 

Ireland, 1840, 369 ; 1852, 291. 
Constants, Graussian, for 1829, A. Erman on 

the calculation of the, 1846, 92 ; 1847, 

377 ; 1848, 98. 
, railway, reports on the determination 

of the mean values of, 1838, 197 ; 1841, 

205, 247 ; appendix, 268. 
Constellations, on the revision of the, 1844, 

34- 

Contagion, Dr. Henry's report on the laws 
of, 1834, 67-94. 

Conus, on the structure of the shell of, 
1847, 109, 132. 

Copepoda, Irish, 1843, 270 ; British, 1860, 
225. 

Copper, phosphuret of. Prof. Johnston on, 
1831-32, 479. 

, solution of, in nitric acid, Dr. T. 

Andrews on, 1849, 75. 

, sulphate of, and chloride of barium, 

Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of combina- 
tion of, 1849, 72. 

, sulphate of, and nitrate of barytes, 

Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of combina- 
tion of, 1849, 73. 

, sulphate of, in grain, &c., Prof. John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 482. 

Coptic language, 1847, 210, 222. 

Corbula, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of, 1847, 103. 

Com crops, experiments on the growth of, 
by Prof. J. Buckman, 1857, 206. 

Coronas, glories, &c., Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 
1840, 135. 

Corophiidffi, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 
1855, 59. 

Corrosion of iron, R. Mallet on, 1838, 253 ; 
1840, 221 ; 1843, i. 

of railway bars, R. Mallet on the, 

1843, 28 ; 1849, 88. 

Corvidae of North America, 1836, 175 ; of 
Dukhun, 1837, 249 ; Irish, 1840, 370. 

Cottoidece of New Zealand, Sir J. Richard- 
son on, 1842, 18. 

of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 211. 

of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 205, 209. 

, Irish, 1840, 383 ; 1852, 291 ; British, 

1844, 302. 

Cotton and silk fabrics of Dukhun, Col. 

Sykes on the, 1837, 325. 

flax, Dr. Hodges on, 1852, 286. 

Couple, algebraic. Dr. C. J. Hargreave on 

the geometrical interpretation of the, 1857, 

184. 
Cracidie of North America, 1836, 180. . 



Cranes, hydraulic, Sir W. G. Armstrong 

on, 1854, 417. 
Cranial bones. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 274. 
system, Okenian, Prof. Owen on tlie, 

1846, 242. 

, vide Skull. 

Crenic acid in springs, Dr. Daubcny on, 

1836, 30. 
Crepidula, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 

of tlie shell of, 1847, 1 14. 
Cretaceous formations of Nortli America, 

Prof. H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 50. 
system, British fossil fishes of the. 

Prof. Agassiz on, 1843, 203. 
Crinoidea, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 

of the shell of, 1847, 126. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 279. 

of the vEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on, 

1843, 148, 149. 

, British, 1860, 230. 

, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on, 1856, 398, 

403- 
Cristatella, Prof. AUman on the polyzoon, 

1850, 305, 326. 
Crocodile, Prof. Owen on the cranium of 

the, 1846, 190. 
Crocodilia, fossil, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 65 ; 

1859, 164. 

, North American, 1836, 200. 

Crop -plants, corn and green feeding, on the 
growth of, 1857, 206, 210; 1859, 30, 31 ; 

1860, 37. 

Crops, on field experiments and laboratory 

researches on the constituents of manures 

essential to, 1859, 31. 
Crustacea, state of our knowledge of the. 

Rev. L. Jenyns on the, 1834, 191. 
, British, with their localities, Prof. E. 

Forbes on, 1850, 243. 
, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 222 : — Brachyura, 222 ; Ano- 

moura, Macroura, Stomapoda, Amphi- 

poda Normalia, 223 ; Amphipoda Hy- 

perina, Aberrantia (Lcemodipoda), Iso- 

poda Aberrantia (Anisopoda), 224 ; Iso- 

poda (Normalia), 225. 
of Dukliun, Col. Sykes on th9, 1837, 

252. 
-^ of Ireland, W. Thompson and others 

on the, 1843, 266 ; 1852, 293 ; 1857, 112; 

1858, 178, 262, 265, 286, 291 ; 1859, 80 ; 

1860, 29. 

of Frith of Clyde, 1856, 50. _ 

, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1847, 127, 134. 
, Edriophthalma, British, C. Spence Bate 

on, 1855, 18. 
, list of the Podophthalma for local 

museums, 1855, 119. 
, fossil, of the upper Silurians, 1859, 

64. 
Cryptogamous plants, higher. Prof. Henfrey 

on the reproduction of, 1851, 102. 
Crystalline slags. Dr. Percy and Prof. Miller 

on the, 1846, 351. 
Crystallographical speculations, and their 



REPORTS, ETC' — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



37 



application to minerals, by the Eev. Dr. 

Whewell, 1831-32, 327. 
Crystals, artificial, Eev. Dr. Whewell on, 

1831-32, 347. 
< , epigene and pseudomorplious. Prof. 

Johnston on, 1837, 491. 
, Eev. Prof. Powell on the transmission 

of heat through, 1854, 348. 
Ctenacanthus, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 

87; 1843, 194. 
Ctenobranehii, of the China and Japan seas, 

Sir J. Eichardson on the, 1845, 203. 
Ctenoidaa of the English coast, Prof. Agassiz 

on the, 1844, 302 ; fossil, 1843, 205, 207 ; 

of the London clay, 1844, 286, 307. 
of the Cretaceous system, Prof. Agassiz 

on the, 1843, 205. 
of the Tertiary system, Prof. Agassiz on 

the, 1843, 207. 
Ctenophora, British, 1860, 234. 
Ctenoptychius, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on, 

1842, 87 ; 1843, 194. 
Cuculidee of North America, 1836, 177 ; of 

Dukhun, 1837, 249 ; Irish, 1840, 371. 
Cuscuta epilinum, Prof. J. Buckman on the 

growth of, 1859, 23 ; 1860, 42. 
Cyanides, compound, 1831-32, 484. 
Cyanogen, oxacids of, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 467. 
Cycadeffl, Prof. Lindley on, 1833, 34. 
Cyclobranchiata of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 

133, 135, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 259; 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 

116, 117; British, 1850, 200, 220; 1860, 

219. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shells of the, 1847, 113. 
Cycloidro, Acanthopterygian and Malaco- 

pterygian, of the London clay, Prof. 

Agassiz on the, 1844, 304, 308. 
of the Cretaceous system. Prof. Agassiz 

on the, 1843, 205. 

of the Tertiary system, 1843, 206. 

Cyclopteridse of the China seas, 1845, 204. 
Cyclostomi of North America, 1836, 222 ; 

of New Zealand, 1842, 30 ; of Ireland, 

1840, 399. 
Cylinders and globes, glass, W. Pairbairn 

on the collapse of, 1858, 174. 
Cylindrical tubes, W. Fairbairn on the re- 
sistance of, to collapse, 1857, 215. 
Cyprgea, on the structure of the shell of, 

1847, 109, 132. 
Cyprinidae, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1840, 

390- 
of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Eichardson on the, 1845, 287. 
of North America, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1836, 213, 216. 

, British, 1860, 225. 

Cystica, Irish, 1843, 276; British, 1860, 

229. 

Dahomey languages, 1847, 170. 

Dalla language, 1847, 207. 

Datura Stramonium and D. Tatula, Prof. 



J. Buckman on the growth of, 1857, 
214; 1859, 25, 26. 

Deaths, report on the registration of, by the 
Edinburgh sub-committee, 1835, 251. 

Decapoda of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 267; 1852, 293; 1857, 112; 1858, 
265 ; 1860, 31 ; British, 1850, 243 ; 1860, 
222. 

Deer, fossil remains of. Prof. Owen on the, 
1843, 236. 

Deers, Prof. Jacob on the infraorbital ca- 
vities in, 1835, 208. 

Delphinida?, Irish, 1840, 363 ; 1852, 291. 

Delphinula, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 
of the shell of, 1847, 116. 

Dendrodus, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on the, 
1842, 87 ; 1843, 195. 

Dentalia of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 135, 
188; Irish, 1843, 259; North-east At- 
lantic, &c., 1856, 117; West coast of 
North America, 1856, 317; British, 1850, 
200, 220 ; 1860, 219. 

Dentirostres of North America, Sir J. Eich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 170, 173, 192. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

366. 

Despretz's (M.) experiments on the conduc- 
tion of heat, 1840, 18. 

Determinants, report on the theory of, by 
Prof. Sylvester, 1853, 66. 

Devonian system. Prof. Agassiz on the fossil 
fishes of the, 1842, 80; 1843, 194. 

— — fish, new forms of, 1860, 32. 

DiademadsB, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on the, 
1856, 399, 400. 

Dichobunes, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on 
the, 1843, 225. 

Didelphys? fossil, British, Prof. Owen on 
the marsupial, 1842, 72. 

Difiraction of light, Eev. Dr. Lloyd on the, 
1834, 323. 

Digitigrada of North America, 1836, 141, 
143 ; of Dukhun, 1837, 246 ; of Ireland, 
1840, 141. 

Diluvian action over North America, Prof. 
H. D. Eogers on the, 1834, 14. 

Dimorphism, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

431- 
Dimorphous bodies, Prof. Johnston's report 
on the state of our knowledge in regard 
to, 1837, 163 :— 
Introduction. 

List of dimorphous bodies, 166. 
Isodimorphous groups, 168. 
Monomorphous groups, 175. 
Analogous chemical groups, the mem- 
bers of which taken singly are mono- 
morphous, but as groups are di- 
morphous, 185. 
Bodies assuming two or more series of 
unlike physical properties, but of 
which the crystalline form belong- 
ing to each series has not been de- 
termined, 187. 
Crystallized bodies not known to as- 
sume more than one form, which 



m 



JlEPORTSj ETC.— INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Dimorphous bodies, continued. 

yet exhibit unlike physical proper- 
ties in different portions of their 



192. 
Epigene and pseudomorphous crystals, 

194. 
Trimorphous bodies, 197. 
Relation of dimorphism and molecular 
arrangement in general, to tempera- 
ture, electricity, and mechanical pres- 
sure, 199. 
Cause of dimorphism, 203. 
Extent of dimorphism, 206. 
Relation of the crystalline doctrine of 
dimorphism to the chemical doctrine 
of isomorphism, 209. 
Desiderata, 214. 
Dimyaria of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 260; 1852,293. 

of the iEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 142, 191. 
Dinosauria, fossil, !3ritish. Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 102. 

^ , fossil, Prof. Owen on, 1859, 164. 

Dioscorea Batatas (potato-yam), Prof. Buck- 
man on the growth of, 1857, 211 ; 1859, 
29 ; 1860, 43. 

Dip circle for the determination of the 
earth's magnetic force in absolute mea- 
sure, Rev. Dr. Lloyd on, 1858, 260. 

Diphydag, British, 1860, 232. 

Diplacanthus, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on the, 

1842, 87. 

Diplopterus, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on the, 

1842, 87; 1843, 195, 198. 
Diprotodon of AustraUa, Prof. Owen on 

the nature and affinities of the, 1844, 

224. 
Dipsacus sylyestris and D. fullonum. Prof. 

Buckman on the growth of, 1859, 26; 

1860, 39. 
Dipterus, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on the, 1842, 

87; 1843, 194. 
Discoboli, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 395. 
■ of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 27. 
' of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 218, 219. 
Disease, Liebig's theory of, 1842, 51. 
Diseases, sporadic and specific, Dr. W. 

Henry on, 1834, 70. 
of large towns in Scotland, report 

on the, 1842, 196. 
Distribution and range in depth of Mol- 

lusca and other marine animals on the 

coasts of Spain, Portugal, Barbary, Malta, 

and Soutli Italy in 1849, R. M'Andrew 

on the, 1850, 264. 
Dodder and flax-seeds, experiments on the 

growth of the, by Prof. J. Buckman, 

1859, 23 ; 1860, 42. 
Dolomite of Howth, chemical examination 

■ of the, by A. Gages, 1859, 68. 

, pseudo-, chemical examination ^f, by 

■ A. Gages, 1859, 70. 



Doridse, J. Alder and A. Hancock on the 
British species of, 1844, 24, 

of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 132, 186; 

Irish, 1843, 250; 1852, 292; Frith of 
Clyde, 1856, 50 ; West coast of North 
America, 1856, 313; British, 1860, 220. 

Drainage, G. Rennie on the progress of hy- 
draiilic engineering with reference to, 
1834, 415 ; in England, 473. 

Dredging oif the Mvdl of Galloway and the 
Mull of Cantire, &c., 1842, 213. 

• round the coasts of Anglesea, 1844, 

390. 

on the coasts of Spain, Portugal, Bar- 
bary, Malta, and Southern Italy, 1850, 
264. 

on the southern, western, and northern 

coasts of Great Britain, 1850, 192. 

Frith of Clyde, report of committee 

on, 1856, 47. 

■ Strangford Lough, Co. Down, by Dr. 
G. Dickie, 1857, 104. 

committee (Belfast), report of the, 

by G. C. Hyndman, 1857, 220; 1858, 
282; 1859, 116. 

committee (Dublin), report of the, by 

Dr. J. R. Einahan, 1858, 262 ; 1859, 80 ; 
1860, 27. 

Dredging-papers, examples of, 1843, 180. 

Dreissena, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 
of the shell of the, 1847, 99, 131. 

Dumas's researches on the density of gases 
and vapours. Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 
421, 

Dyeing, list of colouring matters, 1831-32, 
5i5> 516. 

, Dr. Schunck on the colouring mat- 
ters of madder, 1846, 24; 1847, 136; 
1848, 57. 

Dynamics, theoretical, report on the pro- 
gress of (from the publication of the 
Mecanique Analytique of Lagrange in 
1788 to the year 1857), by A. Cayley, 
1857, I. 

Earth, on the figure of the, by G. B. Airy, 
1831-32, 165, 178. 

r-. — , on the form of the, by W. Hopkins, 
1847, 40. 

r , Rev. Dr. Whewell on the motion of 

heat in the, 1835, 30 ; central heat, 31. 

r- — , I'eport on the effects of long-continued 
heat, illustrative of geological pheno- 
mena, by Rev. W. V. Harcourt, 1860, 

175- 

•r , instructions for conducting experi- 
ments on the temperature of the, at vari- 

."Tous depths, 1836, 291. 

, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the tempera- 
ture of the, 1831-32, 221 ; 1840, 66. 

, magnetism of the, Prof. Christie's re- 
port on the, 1833, 105. 

, report on the variations of the mag- 
netic intensity of the, by General Sabine, 
1837, I, 497; errata, 500; 1838, 318. 

— — , Prof. Forchhammer on the influence 



EBPORTSj ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



39 



of fucoidal plants upon the formations of 
the, 1844, 155. 

Earth, on the physical character of the 
moon's surface as compared with that 
of the, 1853, 84; 1854,415. 

Earth's crust, W. Hopkins on the form, so- 
lidification and thickness of the, 1847, 
40 ; on the effects of subterranean forces 
on the, 57 ; vibratory motions of the, 
produced by subterranean forces, 74 ; on 
the production of a surface wave in the 
fluid beneath the, and its possible effects 
on the elevation of the crust, 88. 

Earthquake phenomena, E. Mallet on the 
facts and theory of, 1847, 30 ; 1848, 98. 

, First report, by R. MaUet, 1850, i :— 

Literature of earthquakes, 2-24, 83. 
Distribution of their occurrence both in 
time and in space upon the earth, 

Connexions between astronomical and 
meteorological phenomena and earth- 
quakes, 63. 
— — , Second report, by R. Mallet, 1851, 
272 : — 
Account of experimental admeasure- 
ments of the rate of earthquake wave- 
transit through some of the rocky 
and incoherent formations of the 
earth's surface, 272. 
Of the construction of the earthquake 
catalogue, 317. 

, Third report, by E. Mallet, 1852, i :— 

Catalogue of recorded earthquakes, from 
1606 B.C. to A.D. 1755, I. 

• , Third report continued. Catalogue of 

recorded earthquakes (from a.d. 1755- 
1784), 1853, 117. 

, Third report continued. Catalogue of 

recorded earthquakes (from a.d. 1784- 
1842), 1854, I. 

, Fourth report. Discussion of the ca- 

. talogue, 1858, i. 

shocks, register for (from July 1,^ 1842, 

to June 17, 1843), 1843, 126 ; (from Aug. 
25, 1^43, to Sept. 4, 1844), 1844, 86. 
Earthquakes, Dr. Daubeny on their influence 
upon springs, 1836, 43. 

in Great Britain, report of committee 

on registering shocks of, 1842, 92 ; 1843, 
. 120; 1844, 85. 

and elevation, W. Hopkins on the 

geological theories of, 1847, 33. Vide 
Elevation. 

, report on wave-transits, and on the 

construction of a self-registering seismo- 
meter, by R. Mallet, 1848, 98 ; 1850, 88 ; 
1851, 272, 278 ; 1853, 86. 

, instruments and registers to record 

shocks of, in Scotland and Ireland, re- 
port of committee on, 1841, 46. 

-. , report of the committee, and their 

proceedings respecting seismometers, con- 
structed under the superintendence of 
Major James, by General Portlock, 1854, 
370. 



Earthquakes, desiderata, ill-understood phe- 
nomena, &c., R. Mallet on, 1858, 124. ^^ 

, bibliography of, by R. Mallet, 1858, 

106. 

• , vide Seismometers. 

Earthworm, Dr. T. WHliams on the, 1851, 

^65.. 
Echeneidae of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 218, 219. 

of the China seas. Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1845, 203. 

of Ireland, 1852, 292. 

Echidna setosa, Prof. Owen on the cranium 

of the, 1846, 198. 
Echinodermata, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state 
of our knowledge of the, 1834, 227. 

, British, table of depths, &c. at which 

species of, were taken, Prof. E. Forbes 
on the, 1850, 211, 239, 257. 

■ • of the jEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 148. 

of Ireland, 1843, 279; 1852, 295; 

1857, hi; 1858, 179, 286; Frith of 
Clyde, 1856, .51. 

, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew : — Crinoidea, Ophiuroidea, Aste- 
roidea, Echinoidea, Holothuroidea, 1860, 
230. 
, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on the strati- 
graphical distribution of the, 1856, 396- 
404. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

skeleton of, 1847, 117. 
Eclipse of the sun on July 28, 1851, sugges- 
tions for the observation of the, 1850, 361. 
Eddies in rivers, on the cause of, 1833, 

169. 
Edentata of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 158. 
Ediyah or Adiyah language, 1847, 173. 
Edriophthalma, Irish, 1843, 268; 1852,. 

294 ; British, 1860, 223. 
— -, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 1855, 
18:— 

Part I. The Atnphipoda. 
Introduction. 
The homologies, 24. 
On the microscopic structure of the in- 
tegumentary skeleton, 38. 
The process of moulting, 41. 
On the reproduction of lost parts, 43. 
On the auditory organs, 44. 
Taste, 48. 

The prima via, 48 ; the liver, 49. 
Urinary organs, 49. 
The vascular system, 50. 
The branchiae, 51. 
Organs of generation, 52, 53. 
On the development of the young, 55. 
On the nervous system, 56. 
Table of species, 57. 
Reference to drawings, 60. 
Education in Dukhim, Col. Sykes on the 

state of, 1837, 270. 
Egyptian language, 1847, 254. 
researches in reference to Asiatic and 



4a 



JREPORTS, ETC»— INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



African ethnology, Dr. C. C. J. Bunsen 
on the results of, 1847, 254. 
Elardic and palmic acids, Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 505. 
Electrical observatory, Kew, 1843, xxxix ; 
, 1844, 121 ; 1845, 341 ; 1848, xrii; 1849, 
80, 113; 1850,176; electrical apparatus, 
1851, 336. 

■ observatory for transport, F. Ronalds 

on an, 1851, 338. 
ciu'rents among stratified rocks, gal- 
vanic experiments to determine the ex- 
istence or non-existence of, by H. L. Pat- 
tinson, 1839, 23. 

observations at Kew, report by W. R. 

Birt on the discussion of the, 1849, 113. 
Part I. Positive electricity, 113. 
Part II. Negative electricity, 176. 
Electricity, magnetism, and heat, Rev. Dr. 
Wheweirs report on the mathematical 
theories of, 1835, 1-34:— 
Introduction, i. 
Electricity, 2. 
Laplace's coefficients, 7. 
Magnetism, 10. 
Heat, 17. 

1. Experimental thermotical princi- 
ples, 17. 

2. Fundamental mathematical for- 
mulae, 19. 

3. Mathematical solutions of the equa- 
tions, 24. 

4. Applications of the solutions, 30. 

a. Motion of heat in the earth, 30. 

b. Central heat, 31. 

c. Cosmical heat, 32. 

, report on thermo-electricity, by the 

Rev. Prof. Gumming, 1831-32, 301. 

, atmospheric. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1831-32, 252; 1840, 116. 

, atmospheric, experiments on frequency 

of, at the Kew observatory, 1844, 141 ; 
1850, 177, 179; 1851, 354. 

, atmospheric, experiments on induction 

by, at the Kew observatory, 1844, 140. 

, atmospheric, frequency paper for ob- 
servation of, used at Kew observatory, 
1850, 179. ^ 

■ , atmospheric, report of committee on 

portable apparatus for observing, 1860, 
44. 

— — , Prof. Schonbein on phenomena of po- 
larization caused by, 1840, 212. 

— — of metallic veins, R. W. Fox on the, 
1837, 133. 

— — , vide Friction, Gralvanic experiments, 
Magnetism. 

Electro-chemistry, researches in, by Prof. 
Schonbein, 1840, 209 ; 1845, 91. 

, report on, by Prof. W. A. MiUer, 1857, 

158. 

Electrograph at the Kew observatory, on the, 

1844, 126. 

Electrolysis of water, the odour developed 
by the, Prof. Schonbein on, 1840, 209 ; 

1845, 92. 



Electro-magnetic meteorological register at 

Kew observatory, report on, by Prof. 

Wheatstone, 1843, xl. 
Electro-meteorological observations at the 

Kew observatory, specimen of, 1844, 132 ; 

1850, 179; 1851, 354, 357. 
Electrometer, atmospheric, self-recording, 

report of committee on, 18G0, 44. 
Electrometers of the Kew observatory, 1843, 

xxxix; 1844, 123, 135, 141, 142; 1845, 

341; 1849, 81; 1851, 337. 
Electro-negative metals, 1831-32, 468. 
Electro -positive metals, reduction of, 1831- 

32, 475. 
Electroscope, Bennet's gold-leaf, at the Kew 

observatory, 1844, 125; 1851, 337. 
Elephas, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1843, 208. 
primigenius, remains of, N. America, 

1834,25. 
Eleutheropomi, cartilaginous fish, Irish, 
. 1840, 397 ; 1852, 292 ; of North America, 

1836, 221 ; of the seas of China and 

Japan, 1845, 198. 
Elevation and earthquakes, report on the 

geological theories of, by W. Ilopldns, 

1847,33:- 

Part I. Sect. I, On the phenomena and 
theories of volcanos, 33. 
Sect. II. On the form, solidification and 
thickness of the earth's crust, 40. 
Part II. On the effects of subterranean 
forces on the solid crust of the 
earth, 57. 
Sect. I. Theories of elevation, 57. 
Sect. II. Yibratory motions of the 
earth's crust produced by subter- 
ranean forces — earthquakes, 74. 
Elk, Irish, fossil, Prof. Owen on the, 1843, 

237. 
Eiaydidse, North American, Sir J. Richard- 
son on, 1836, 199. 

, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 

160. 
Emydosaurii, American, 1836, 200. 
Emys testudiniformis, fossil, Prof. Owen on 

the, 1841, 161. 
Enaliosaui'ia, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on 
the general characters of the order, 1839, 
45 ; characters of the genus Plesiosaurus 
and Ichthyosaurus, 49, 86, species of the, 
126. 

, 1841, 60 (Pliosaurus brachydeirus and 

P. trochanterius). 
Eneke's comet, 1831-32, 188. 
Endemics, Dr. W. Henry on, 1834, %^. 
Engine-governors, marine and stationary, 

Silver's, 1859, 123. 
Engineering, report on the progress of hy- 
draulics as a branch of, by Gr. Rennie, 
188.3, 153; 1834,415. 
Engines, water-pressure, 1847, 147 ; 1848, 

II ; 1854, 417. 
Entomology of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 
1837, 252. 
, vide Insects. 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



41 



Entomoatraca, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 269 ; 1852, 294. 

, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 225. 

, list for local museums, 1855, 120. 

Entozoa, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of our 
knowledge of the, 1834, 228. 

, Irish, 1843, 275; 1852,295- 

, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew: — Nematoidea, Trematoda, Acan- 
thocephala, Cestoidea, Cystica, 1860, 
229. 
Eocene deposits of North America, Prof. 
11. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 43. 

Epidemics, Dr. W. Henry on their general 
phenomena, and dependence on atmo- 
spheric changes, 1834, 90. 

Epigene crystals, Prof. Johnston on, 1837, 
194. 

Equations, Rev. Dr. Peacock on the theory 
of, 1833, 296 ; composition of, 296 ; ge- 
neral solution of, 305 ; numerical, solu- 
tion of, 322. 

of elevated degrees, Sir W. R. Hamil- 
ton on Mr. Jerrard's method for trans- 
forming and resolving, 1836, 295. 

Equatorial mountings, report on the im- 
provement of, by T. Grubb, 1857, 195. 

Equisetacero, Prof. Ilenfrey on the repro- 
duction of, 1851, III, 122. 

Equus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1843, 
230. 

Erinaceidoa, Irish, 1840, 358. 

Erythric acid, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 
525. 

Esocida, Irish, 1840, 391; British, 1844, 
302 ; North American, 1836, 214, 216 ; of 
New Zealand, 1842, 25 ; of the Sea of 
China, 1845, 264; of the London clay, 
1844, 292. 

Estuary formations of tho Gulf of Mexico, 
on the, 1834, 13. 

Ether, biehlorine. Prof. Jolmston on, 1831- 
32, 519; perchlorine, 519. 

, luminiferous and caloriferous. Rev. 

Prof. Powell on the density of, 1854, 353, 

Etheria, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of, 1844, 21. 

Etherine, the term Etherine=E. proposed 
for the radical or base of the Ethers, 
1831-32, 517. 

Ethers, Dr. Daubeny on the nomenclatiu'e 
of the, 1851, 129. 

Ethnograpliical philology, Dr. Latham on 
the progress of, 1847, 154. 

Etlmography, Rev. Dr. J. W. Donaldson on 
two problems in Indo-German pliilology, 
1851, 138. 

Ethnology, a manual of inquiry, being a 
series of questions concerning the human 
race, prepared by Dr. Hodgkin and R. 
Cull, 1852, 243 :— 
Physical characters, 244. 
Language, 246. 
Grammar, 247. 
Individual and family life, 247.. 



Ethnology, continued. 

Buildings and monuments, 249. 
Works of art, 249. 
Domestic animals, 250. 
Government and laws, 250. 
Geography and statistics, 250. 
Social relations, 251. 
Religion, superstitions, &c., 251. 

, a comparative review of philologi- 
cal and physical researches as applied 
to the history of the human species, by 
Dr. J. C. Prichard, 1831-32, 529. 

, queries respecting the human race, 

addressed to travellers, 1840, 447; 1841, 
52, 332; 1843, 292; 1844, 93. 

, Dr. Max Miiller on the relation of 

the Bengali to the Arian and Aboriginal 
languages of India, 1847, 319. 

, on the importance of the study of 

the Celtic language, by Dr. Meyer, 1847, 
301. 

, Dr. J. C. Prichard on the various 

methods of research which contribute to 
the advancement of, 1847, 230. 

, Asiatic and African, Dr. C. C. J. Bun- 
sen on the results of the recent Egyptian 
researches in reference to, 1847, 254. 

, leading points in the history of the 

philosophy of language, and of its results 
for, 1847, 257. 

, Prof. Nilsson on the primitive inha- 
bitants of Scandinavia, 1847, 31. 

, on the aboriginal tribes of India, by 

General John Briggs, 1850, 169. 

, vide Philology. 

Etrurian language. Rev. Dr. Donaldson on 
the, 1851, 153. 

Eudiometers, experiments with, by Prof. 
Bunsen and Dr. Playfair, 1845, 142. 

Eulimae of the iEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 
the, 1843, 136, 188; Irish, 1843, 254; 
1852, 292 ; British, 1850, 202, 224 ; 1860, 
219; North-east Atlantic, 1856, 125; 
West coast of N. America, 1856, 335. 

Euniciada?, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
j%/^etseq. 

, British, 1860, 227. 

Eupion, Prof. Jolmston on, 1831-32, 520, 

527- . 
Explosions in coal-mines and revolving 
storms, T. Dobson on the relation between, 
1855, I. 

Factorial exponentials. Dr. G. Plarr on 
some transformations of a series of, 1857, 

lOI. 

Ealconidffl of North America, 1836, 168 ; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 248 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

364; 1852,291. 
Fattening of animals, J. B. Lawes and Dr. 

J. H. Gilbert on the, 1852, 323 ; 1854, 

421. 
Fault, relative displacement of stratified 

beds at a, W. Hopkins on the, 1847, 62. 
Fauna of North Ajnerica, Sir J. Richard- 
- son on the, 1836, lai. 



42 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Fauna of Ireland, First report on the, by 
W. Thompson, 1840, 353:— 
Part I. Greneral remarks, 353. 
Part II. Vertebrata, 358. 
Part III, Aves, 364. 
Part IV. Eeptiha, 383. 
Part V. Pisces, 384. 
Part VI. Catalogue of the Irish species 
only, 400. 

, Second report, 1843, 245 : — 

Div. Invertebrata. 
Introduction. 
MoUusca, 247. 
Cirrhipeda, 265. 
Crustacea, 266. 
Annelida, 271. 
Foraminifera, 274. 
Entozoa, 275. 
Eohinodermata, 279. 
Acalepha, 281. 
Zoophyta, 282. 
Amorphozoa, 286. 
Conclusion, 288. 

, Supplementary report, prepared by 

• R. Patterson and J. Garrett, 1852, 290 :— ^ 
Div. Vertebrata, 291. 
Mammalia. 
Ares. 
Pisces. 
Div. Invertebrata, 292. 
MoUusca. 
Cirrhipeda. 
Crustacea, 
Annelida. 
Foraminifera. 
Entozoa. 
Echinodermata. 
Acalepha. 
Zoophyta. 
Amorphozoa. 
r^— of the iEgean Sea, report on the, by 
Prof. E. Forbes, 1843, 130. Fide Molbiscei. 

. of the N.E. Atlantic, &c,, 1856, 10 1. 

• of the West coast of N. America, 1856, 

159. 

, of the S. and W. coasts of Ireland, 

report on the, by Dr. E. P, Wright and 
, Prof, J, Reay Greene, 1858, 176. 

, British marine invertebrate, list of, 

by E. M'Andrew, 1860, 217. 
Fazoglo languages, 1847, 202. 
Felidas of North America, 1836, 141 ; Irish, 

1840, 359. 
Felis, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1842, 

71- 
Feloop languages, 1847, 168. 
Fens, G. Eiennie on the drainage of, 1834, 

474- 

Fenugreek, used for ilavouring cattle food, 
experiments on the growth of, by Prof. J. 
Buckman, 1859, 28. 

Fermat's theorem, account of, by Prof. H. 
J. S, Smith, 1859, 233. 

Ferns, Prof, A. Henfrey on the reproduc- 
tion of,. 1851, 107, 122. 

, on the influence x)f oarbpnic acid on 



the growth of, by R. Hunt, 1848, 84 ; by 

Dr. Daubeny, 1§48, 97 ; 1849, 56 ; 1850, 

159. 
Festuca, experiments by Prof. J. Buckman 

on the growth of the, 1857, 203 ; 1860, 

35- 
Fevers, contagious. Dr. W. Henry on, 1834, 

69. 
Filtration of water. Dr. R, A. Smith on the, 

1851, 73. 

Fireballs and meteorites, catalogue of, by 
R. P. Greg, 1860, 48. 

Fishermen's life-boats, A. Henderson on 
the, 1857, 320. 

Fishes, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of know- 
ledge respecting, 1834, 179. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 384,406; 1852, 291. 

of North America., Sir J. Richardson 

on, 1836, 202. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on, 1837, 251. 

— — of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 12. 

of the coast of England, 1844, 302. 

of the seas of China and Japan, Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 187. 
, freshwater, of Ulster, byW. Thompson, 

prepared by R. Patterson and J. Garrett, 

1852, 290. 

, list of, for the registration of the pe- 
riodical phenomena of, 1845, 330, 336; 

1850, 342. 
, list of, for local museums, by J. Couch, 

1855, 113. 
, Prof. Owen on the cranium of, 1846, 

178,206,211,214,230,237. 
, fossil, of the old red sandstone or 

Devonian system, report on the, by Prof. 

Agassiz, 1842, 80; synoptical table of 

the, 87. 
, fossU, British, synoptical table of, 

arranged in the order of the geological 

formations, by Prof. Agassiz, 1843, 194. 

, fossil, of New Jersey, 1834, 61. 

•! , fossil, of the London clay, report on. 

the, by Prof. Agassiz, 1844, 279 ; list of, 

307. 
, fossil, of Sheppey compared with the 

fish of the English coast, by Prof. Agassiz, 

1844, 302. 
, fossil, in the yellow sandstone of Dura 

Den, 1860, 32. 
Fishing-boats on the coasts of the United 

Kingdom, A. Henderson on the, 1857, 

308. 
Fissirostres of North America, 1836, 179, 

195; of Dukhun, 1837,248; of Ireland, 

1840, 372; 1852,291. 
Fissurella nubecula, C. W. Peach on the, 

1843, 129. 
Fissures in the earth's crust, W. Hopkins 

on the formation of, 1847, 58, 
Fistularidje of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 208, 212. 
of the China seas, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1845, 247. 



REPORTS, ETC.—- INDEX OF (SUBJECTS. 



m 



Flax plant, report on the composition and 
economy of the, by Dr. Hodges, 1852, 
273:— 
History of flax cultivation in Ireland, 

The composition of the flax plant, 

274. 
Account of the processes of cultivation, 

274. 
An account of the methods of preparing 

the flax, 277. 
Composition of the ash of the flax straw, 

286. 
Flax cotton, 286. 

, report on, by Dr. Hodges, 1853, 67 ; 

1867, 126 :— 
Composition of the unsteeped flax stem 

and of the dressed fibre, 126. 
Examination of the steeping process, 
129. 

plant (Linum perenne). Prof. Buck- 

. man's experiments on the growth of, 

1857,213; 1859, 22; 1860,42. 
Fluids, report on the analytical theory of 
hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, by Rev. 
Prof. ChalHs, 1833, 131. 

I. Motion in pipes and vessels, 135. 

II. The velocity of propagation in 
elastic fluids, 136, 

III. Musical vibrations in tubes, 140. 

IV. Waves at the surface of water, 142. 
V. The resistance to the motion of a 

ball-pendulum, 149. 

, report on capillary attraction, by Eev. 

Prof. ChaUis, 1834, 253. 
, supplementary report on the mathe- 
matical theory of, by the Rev. Prof. Chal- 
Hs, 1836, 225-252. 
Introduction. 
Mechanical theory of the atmosphere, 

226. 
Theory of the velocity of sound, 233. 
Propagation of sound through liquids, 

244. 
Theories of elastic fluids, 246. 

, on the motions of, through orifices, 

tubes, artificial channels, canals, and 
rivers, by a. Rennie, 1833, 153 ; 1834, 
415. 
, report on researches in hydrody- 
namics, by Prof. Stokes, 1846, i. 

r~, vide Hydrostatics, Hydrodynamics, 

and Hydraulics. 
Fluoric acid in mineral waters. Dr. Daubeny 

on, 1836, 19. 
Fogs, dry. Prof. J. D, Forbes on the blood- 
red colour of, 1840, 122. 
Fomites, Dr. W. Henry on, 1834, 79. 
Food, on the processes employed in the nu- 
trition and reproduction of various parts 
of the animal economy, by Prof. Liebig, 
1842,42. 
— — for cattle, on the growth of fenu- 
greek, used for flavouring the, 1869, 
28. 
r- — , on the composition of, in relation to 



respiration and the feeding of animals, 
by J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gilbert, 
1852, 323. 

Food, on the equivalency of starch and 
sugar in, by J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. 

, ailbert, 1854, 421. 

Foraminifera, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 
274; 1852, 295. 

of Belfast Bay, Prof. Williamson on 

the, 1857, 237. 

. , British, list of, 1860, 234. 

Forests, tropical, report of committee on 
the effects in an economical and physical 
point of view of the destruction of, 1851, 
78. 

of India, on the, 1851, 79. 

Formations of the earth. Prof. Forchhammer 
on the influence of fucoidal plants on the, 
1844, 155. 

Formic acid in mineral waters, 1836, 29. 

Fossil and recent conchology at the British 
Museum, report by the Marquis of North- 
ampton on, 1840, 443. 

fishes of the old red sandstone, or De- 
vonian system, on the, 1842, 80 ; synopti- 
cal table of the species, by Prof. Agassiz, 
87. 

fishes, British, arranged in the order of 

the geological formations, by Prof. Agas- 
siz, 1843, 194. 

fishes of the London clay, Prof. Agas- 

feiz on the, 1844, 279 ; list of species, 

307- 
fishes of the Dura Den yellow sand- 
stone, 1860, 32. 
Echinodermata, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright 

on the, 1856, 396-404. 
mammalia 01 North America, Prof. H. 

D. Rogers on the, 1834, 23 ; Sir J. Rich- 

ards'on on the, 1836, 159. 
mammalia, British, report on, by Pro£ 

Owen, 1842, 54; 1843, 208. 
mammals of Australia, Prof. Owen oh 

the, 1844, 223. 

ornithology. Prof. H. E. Strickland 

on, 1844, 209. 

remains of extinct animals. Rev. W. 

Conybeare's report on, 1831-32, 402. 

remains taken in the dredge. Prof. E. 

Forbes on, 1850, 247. 
reptiles, British, report on, by Prof. 

Owen, 1839, 43 ; 1840, 443 ; 1841, 60. 
r and recent reptilia, Prof. Owen on the 

orders of, and their distribution in time, 
^ 1859, 153. 
Fossils of N. America, Prof. H. D. Rogers 

on, 1834, 33-64. 

obtained by Mr. Slimon in the upper 

Silurians of Lesmahago, Lanarkshire,- 
1859, 63. 

, Astorian, list of, 1856, 367. 

Foster's anemometer, 1844, 250. 

Fourier's (M.) hypothesis of the conduction 

of heat, 1841, 9. 
Foxes, American, 18§6, 146; Irish, 1836, 



359- 



I.D 



44 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Fraunhofer's refractive indices, 1839, 6. 
Fredericella, Prof. Allman on the poljzoon, 

1850, 306, 336. 
Fresnel's theory of reflexion, Eev. Dr. Lloyd 

on, 1834, 367. 
' theory of double refraction, Eev. Dr. 

Lloyd on, 1834, 382. 
Friction, P. Erman on the influence of, upon 

thermo-electricity, 1845, 102. 
Fringillidti?, North American, 183G, 174; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 249; Irish, 1840, 369; 

1852, 291. 
Fromondi (L.) on earthquakes, 1850, 1 1. 
Fucoid schists, metamorphosed, in Scandi- 
navia, Prof. Forchhammer on the, 1844, 

Fuel, report on the consumption of, and 
the prevention of smoke, by W. Fairbairn, 
1843, 294; 1844, 100-120:— 

I. The constituents of coal and other 

fuels, 100. 
II. The relative proportions of the fur- 
naces and the forms of boilers, 
103. 

III. The temperature of the furnace and 
the surrounding flues, 106 ; pyro- 
meter, 107. 

IV. The economy of fuel, concentration 
of heat, and prevention of smoke, 
no; improved stationary boiler, 
115. 

General summary of results, 116; ap- 
pendix, 118. 
Fulah languages, 1 847, 188. 
Functions, algebraical, R. L. Ellis on the 

theory of the integrals of, 1846, 35. 
Furnace, W. Fairbairn on the consumption 

of fuel and the prevention of smoke, 1844, 

100, 118. 

, hot-blast, theory of the, 1845, i68. 

Furnace-gases, Prof. Bunsen and Dr. Lyon 

Playfair on, 1845, 142. 
-— — gases, on the advantageous use made 

of the, at the Ystalyfera iron-works, by J. 

P. Budd, 1848, 75. 
Fusus of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 139, 190; 
. Irish, 1843, 257 ; South European, 1850, 

267; North-east Atlantic, 1856, 131; 

West coast of North America, 1856, 343 ; 

British, 1850, 204, 227; 1860, 218. 

Gaboon languages, 1847, 174. 

Gadida5, Irish, 1840, 393; British, 1844, 
302. 

of the China and Japan seas, Sir J. 

Eichardson on the, 1845, 320. 

of New Zealand, Sir J. Eichardson on 

the, 1842, 26. 

of North America, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1836, 217, 218. 

of the London clay, Prof. Agassiz on, 

1844, 294, 308, 

Galapagos shells, list of, 1856, 359. 

Galeidac of the sea of Japan, Sir J. Eichard- 
son on the, 1845, 194. 

Galla languages, 1847, 205, 209. 



Gallic acid, process for obtaining, 1831-32, 

503- 

Galvanic experiments to determine the ex- 
istence or non-existence of electrical cur- 
rents among stratified rocks, particularly 
those of the mountain-limestone forma- 
tion, by H. L. Pattinson, 1839, 23. 

Galvanometer (Gourjon's) at the Kew ob- 
servatory, on the, 1844, 124; 1851, 336. 

Gammaridse, British, C. Spence Bate on 
the, 1855, 57. 

Ganocephala, fossil. Prof. Owen on the, 
1859, 155. 

Ganoidoc of the Devonian system, by Prof. 
Agassiz, 1842, 87 ; 1843, 194. 

of the Carboniferous system, 1843, 197. 
of the Permian system, 198. 
of the Triassic system, 199. 
of the Oolitic system, 201. 
of the Cretaceous system, 204. 
of the Tertiary system, 206. 
(types recents) of the London clay, M. 
Agassiz on the, 1844, 303 ; (types 
anciens), 308. 

Garanceux, Dr. Schunck on the article 
known in connnerce as, 1848, 59. 

Garancin, a preparation of madder, Dr. 
Schunck on, 1848, 74. 

Gas-furnace for experiments on vitrifaction 
and other applications of high heat in the 
laboratory, Eev. W. V. Harcourt on a, 
1844, 82. 

Gases and vapours, Dumas's researches on 
the density of, 1831-32, 421. 

• , physical relations of the, Prof. John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 447. 

, condensation of the. Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 450. 

evolved from springs. Dr. Daubeny on, 

1836, 36. 

• — — present in small quantities in atmo- 
spheric air, coal-gas, &c., W. West on a 
machine for the detection and measure- 
ment of, 1838, 316; 1839, 171. 

evolved from iron-furnaces, with re- 
ference to the tlieory of the smelting of 
iron, report on the, by Prof. Bunsen and 
Dr. Lyon Playfair, 1845, 142 ; their appli- 
cation to practical purposes, 179. 

• from the blast-furnaces at the Ystaly- 
fera iron- works, J. P. Budd on the ad- 
vantageous use made of the, 1848, 75. 

Gasteropoda, Eev. L, Jenyns on the state of 
our knowledge of the, 1834, 223. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 1 14. 

of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on, 

1843, 132, 136, 156, 158, 160, 162, 164, 
165, 167, 169, 186. 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., E. 

M'Andrew on the, 1856, 115, 144. 

, Irish, 1843, 249; 1852, 292; 1857, 

106-110, 225. 

, microscopic structure of the shells 

of. Dr. W. B. Carpenter on the, 1847, 
107, 116. 

, British, table of depths, &c. at which 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



45 



species were taken, Prof. E. Forbes on, 
1850, 200, 220, 260. 
Gasteropoda of the West coast of North 
America, P.P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 312. 
Prosobranchiata, British, list of, com- 
piled by E. M'Andrew, 1860, 218. 

Opisthobranchiata, British, list of, 

compiled by R. M'Andrew, 1860, 219. 

Nudibranchiata, British, list of, 1860, 

220. 
Gastric juice, its action on food, 1842, 50. 
Gauging of water by triangular notches, 
reports on the, by Prof. J. Thomson, 
1856,46; 1858, 181; 1860,217. 
Gaussian constants, A. Erman on the calcu- 
lation of the, 1846, 92; 1847, 377; 1848, 
98. 
Gay-Lussac on earthquakes, 1850, 23. 
Geckotidaa, North American, 1836, 200. 
Geography, physical, of North America, 
Prof. H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, i ; Sir 
J. Richardson on the, 1836, 123. 
Geological science, report on the progress, 
state, and prospects of, by the Rer. W. 
D. Conybeare, 1831-32, 365 ; palajon- 
tology, 402. 
■ section across Europe, from the North 
of Scotland to the Adriatic, 1831-32, 413. 
— — sections of railway cuttings, report 
of the committee on, 1841, 331; 1842, 
38; 1843, 295. 

phenomena, Rev. W. V. Ilarcourt's 

report on the effects of long-continued 
heat, illustrative of, 1860, 175. 

theories of elevation and earthquakes, 

W. Hopkins on the, 1847, 33. 
Geology of North America, report on the, 
by Prof. H. D. Rogers, 1834, 1-66 :— 
Physical geography, i. 
Geology of the United States, 6. 
Volcanic action, 7. 
Alluvial deposits, 8. 
Recent changes in the Mississippi, 9. 
Alluvial terraces, 10. 
Of the coast islands and their probable 

origin, 11. 
Raised estuary formations of the Gulf 

of Mexico, 13. 
Diluvial action over North America, 14. 
Ancient alluvium, 18. 
Fossil mammaha of the United States, 

Localities of fossil mammalia, 25. 
Tertiary formations, 29. 
Synoptical table of recent and tertiary 
formations of the United States, 

30- 

Newer pleiocene of St. Mary's county,. 
Maryland, 33. 

Formations of the older pleiocene and 
meiocene periods, 35. 

Geographical range of the older pleio- 
cene and meiocene formations, 36. 

Older tertiary, or eocene, 43. 

Steps in the history of the tertiary 
formations of the United States, 49. 



Geology of N. America, continued. 
Cretaceous formations, 50. 
Calcareous formations, 51. 
Ferruginous sands of New Jersey, &c., 

52. 
Nummulite limestone, 59. 
Organic remains discovered in New 
Jersey, Delaware, and Alabama, 61. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

219; ghats, 220; valleys, 221; terraces 
and escarpments, 222 ; basalt, 223 ; dykes^ 
224; ferruginous clay, 224; limestone, 
225, 230; loose stones, 226; rocky heaps, 
226 ; sheets of rock, 226 ; trap rocks, 227 ; 
minerals, 229 ; natural salts, 229 ; ores, 
229 ; organic remains, 229 ; thermal 
springs, 230; extent of trap region, 230; 
laterite, 230; granite, 230; sedimentary 
rocks, 231. 

, vide Earth's crust. Fossils, Palajonto- 

logy. Rocks, &c. 

Geometrical interpretation of the algebraic 
couple. Dr. C. J. Hargreave on the, 1857, 
185. _ 

origin of logarithms. Rev. Dr. Booth 

on the, 1856, 68. 

Gerhardt's classification of chemical sub- 
stances, 1859, I. 

Girders and suspension chains, P. W. Bar- 
low on the : 
1857, 238. 

, wrought-iron, experiments to deter- 
mine the effect of vibratory action and. 
long-continued changes of load upon, by 
W. Fairbairn, 1860, 45. 

Glairine in mineral waters, Dr. Daubeny on, 
1836, 30. 

Glands, &c. of the human body, report of 

- committee on the analysis of the, 1837» 
139, 149. 

Globes and cylinders, glass, W. Fairbairn on 
the collapse of, 1858, 174. 

Glories, &c., Prof, J. D. Forbes on the phe- 
nomenon of, 1840, 137. 

Glycera, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 174, 
198, 214, 235. 

Glycerides, Dr. Daubeny on the, 1851, 131. 

Glycerine, 1859, 2, 5. 

Glyptoloemus Kinnairdii, of the Dura Deil 
yellow sandstone, 1860, 33. . 

Glyptolepis leptopterus, fossil, Prof, Agassiz 
on, 1842, 87 ; G. elegans, 87. 

Gneiss from Bugten, analysis of, by Prof. G. 
Forchhammer, 1844, 168. 

Goat, fossil remains of, Prof. Owen on the, 
1843, 236. 

Gobioidte of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
san on the, 1836, 207, 211. 

of Ireland, 1840, 388 ; British, 1844, 

302. 

of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 22. 

of the China seas, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1845, 204, 318, 319. 

Goitre, Dr. Daubeny on the cause of, 1836, 
46. .1^ ^Ix^^l 



46 



REPORTS, ETC^—INDBX OF SUBJECTS. 



Gonga languages, 1847, 206. 
Goniasteridoe, oolitic, 1856, 402. 
Goniodoris of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. 

Forbes on the, 1843, 133, 186. 
Qoniopholis erassidens, fossil, Prof. Owen 

on the, 1841, 69. 
Gordius, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 

1851, 243. 
Gralla tores of North America, 1836, 182, 

196 ; of Dukhun, 1837, 250. 
of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

374; 1852, 291. 
Grasses of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

244. 
— ■ — , experiments on the growth of the, 

by Prof. Buckman, 1857, 201 ; 1859, 29 ; 

I860, 35. 
Greenstone dykes. Prof. Phillips on the oc- 
currence of structures analogous to cleav- 
age near, 1856, 394. 
Greenwich lunar and planetary obserrations, 

G. B. Airy on the reductions of the, 1838, 

315; 1840,423. 
Growth of plants. Vide Plants. 
Gums, arabine, bassorine, and cerasine, on 

the, 1831-32, 511. 
-^ , resinous substances, stearoptes, &c., 

list of, 1831-32, 516. 
Guns, metals for, report of a committee on, 
. 1855, 100. 
GymnodontidaB, Irish, W. Thompson on 

the, 1840, 396 ; 1852, 492. 
of North America, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1836, 220. 
of the seas of China and Japan, 1845, 

199 ; British, 1844, 303. 

llsemadyhamometer, Poiseuille's, 1840, 412. 

Haemulonidae of the China and Japan seas,> 
Sir J. Eichardson on the, 1845, 226. 

Halcyonidae, North American, Sir J. Eich- 
ardson on, 1836, 179. 

of North America, 1836, 179; of 

Dukhun, 1837, 248; of Ireland, 1840, 

372- 

Haliotis, microscopic structure of the shell 
. of the, Dr. Carpenter on the, 1844, 12; 
1847, 114, 133. 

Halley's comet, 1831-32, 164. 

Halos and parhelia. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 
1840, 130. 

Hansteen's Magnetismus der Erde, on the 
phenomena of terrestrial magnetism, an 
abstract of, by General Sabine, 1835, 
61. 

Hare of North America, 1836, 157; of Ire- 
land, 1840, 361. 

Head, accoimt of the synonyms of the bones 
of the, according to their general homo- 
logies, by Prof. Owen. Table III. 1846, 

339- 
Heart, report on the motions and sounds of 
the, by the Dublin sub-committee, 1835^ 
243-250 : — 
Experiments on the motions of theu 
heart, 243, 



Heart, continued. 

Experiments on the sounds of the heart, 

246. 
Conclusions respecting the motions of 

the heart, 248. 
Conclusions respecting the sounds of 
the heart, 249. 
, Second report by the Dublin sub-com- 
mittee, 1836, 275. 

, report by the London sub-committee, 

1836, 261. 
, Second report by the London sub- 
committee, 1837, 155 : — 
Experiments on the production of sound 
by the motion of water through tubes, 
156. 
Experiments on the production of mur- 
murs in the living body, 159. 
experiments performed at King's Col- 
lege and the Marylebone Infirmary, 
1840, 163, 173. 
Conclusions from both series for 1838- 
39 and 1839-40, 203. 

, Prof. W. Clark on the, 1834, 134; 

cause of the action of the, 137. 
Heat, Eev. Dr. Whe well's report on the 
mathematical theories of, 1835, i-i 7 :— ■ 

1. Experimental principles, 17. 

2. Fundamental analytical equations,- 

19. 

3. Solution of the equations, 24. 

4. Applications of the solutions, 30. 

a. Motion of heat in the earth, 30. 

b. Central heat, 31. 

c. Cosmical heat, 32. 

, central, Dr. Daubeny on the theory of, 

1836, 69. 
, report by Eev. Prof. Kelland on the 

state of theoretical and experimental 

knowledge of the laws of conduction of, 

1841, 1-25 :-^ 

I. On the theoretical knowledge of the 
phenomena of conduction, 2. 

II. The extent theory has been tested 
by experiment, 15. 

III. The inadequacy of the few experi- 
mental facts with which we are fur- 
nished, to serve either as the basis 
of a true theory or as the indication 
of a false one, 22. 

, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the laws of the 

conduction of, 1852, 260. 

governor (the thermostat). Dr. A. Ure 

on the, 1833, 419. 

, experiments on, by Cavendish, 1839, 45. 

, influence of surface and colour on ra- 
diation, Eev. Prof. Powell on the, 1831-32, 
265; 1840, 17; 1854, 337. 
, E. Mallet on its action, when long- 
continued, on inorganic and organic sub- 
stances, 1838, 312. 

, Prof. C. Langberg on the relation 

which exists between the development of, 
and the coincident contraction of volume 
in sulphuric acid when mixed with water, 
.1847, 1. 



REPORTS, ETC.— INDEX OF SUBJECTS/ 



47^ 



Heat of combination, report on the, by Dr. 
T. Andrews, 1849, 63 :— 

The thermal changes which accompany 
solution, 63. 

Combination of sulphuric acid with 
water, 67. 

of acids and bases, 68. 

Chloride of barium and sulphate of 
magnesia, 71. 

of barium and sulphate of soda, 

72. 

of barium and sulphate of zinc, 

72. 

of barium and protosulphate of 

iron, 72. 

of barium and sulphate of cop- 
per, 72. 

of barium and sulphate of am- 
monia, 72. 

Nitrate of barytes and sulphate of mag- 
nesia, 72. 

of barytes and sulphate of soda, 

73- 

of barytes and sulphate of zinc, 

73- 
of barytes and sulphate of copper, 

73- 

Acetate of lead and sulphate of mag- 
nesia, 73. 

of lead and sulphate of soda, 73. 

Acetate of lead and sulphate of zinc, 73. 

Chloride of barium and sulphuric acid, 

Nitrate of barytes and sulphuric acid, 74. 
Acetate of barytes and sulphuric acid, 

74. 

■ of barytes and oxalic acid, 74. 

Acetate of lead and sulphuric acid, 74. 
Nitrate of lead and sulphuric acid, 74. 
Acetate of lead and oxalic acid, 74. 
Solution of metals in nitric acid, 74. 

of zinc in nitric acid, 75. 

of copper in nitric acid, 75. 

Metallic substitutions, 7 6 . 
Combustions in oxygen gas, 76. 

in chlorine gas, 77, 

of bromine and iodine, 78. 

-> , atmospheric, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1840, 76. 

, radiant, Eev. Prof. Powell's report on 

the state of our knowledge of the science 
of, 1831-32, 259-301 :— 

Div. 1. Eadiation of heat froto hot bo- 
dies below the temperature of lumi- 
nosity, 259. 
Div. 2. Terrestrial luminous hot bodies, 

274. 
Div. 3. Heat of the sun's rays, 283. 
Conclusion, 296. 

, radiant, supplementary report on the 

progress of discovery relative to, by the 
Eev. Prof. Powell, 1840, 1-36 :— 
Div. 1. Unpolarized heat : 
Transmission and refraction of heat, 

2,7- 

Eeflexion.of heat, 10. 



Heat, continued. 

Analogies of light and heat, lo. 
New phenomena of transmission, 11. 
Eadiation of heat, 15. 
Influence of surface and colour on 

radiation, 17. 
Eepulsive power of heat, 20. 
Formation of ice, 20. 
Div. 2. Polarized heat : 
Polarization of heat, 21. 
Circular and elliptical polarization of 

heat, 23. 
Polarization of heat from different 

sources, 25. 
Equal polarizability of heat from dif- 
ferent sources, 28. 
Unequal polarizability of heat from, 

different sources, 30. 
Intensity of reflected heat, 32. 
Conclusion, 33, 

■- , radiant, third report on, by the EeY. 

Prof. PoweU, 1854, 337:— 
Preliminary remarks, 337. 
On the theoretical explanation of some 

former experiments, 340. 
Theoretical refraction of heat, 341. 
Transmission of heat through crystals, . 

348. , 
Analogies of transmission of light and, 

heat by waves, 351. 
Origin of the solar heat, Prof. W. 

Thomson's theory, 352. 
Density of aether, 353. 
Eadiation of heat from the zodiacal, 
light, and from the Comet of 1843 ; 
1854, 354. 

, Dr. Whewell on the mathematical 

theories of, 1835, 17. 
— — , Dr. Hudson on the phenomena usually 
referred to the radiation of, 1835, 163. 

, on its decrease above the surface of the 

earth, by Prof. J. D. Forbes, 1831-32, 
218. 

, report on a gas-furnace for experiments 

on vitrifaction and other applications of 
high heat, by Eev. W. V. Harcourt, 1844,' 
82. 

, long-continued, report on the effects 

of, illustrative of geological phenomena, 
by Eev. W. V. Harcourt, 1860, 175. 
Heights, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the applica- 
tion of the barometer to the measurement 
of, 1831-32, 236. 
Helicidae, British and foreign, Prof. E.. 
Forbes on, 1839, 142. 

, Irish, 1843, 252. 

of the West coast of North America, 

1856, 314. 
Hemicidaridae, oolitic, Dr. T. Wright on, . 

1856, 399, 400. 
Henley electrometer at the Kew observatory, . 

1844, 124. 
Hepaticae, Prof. A. Henfrey on the repro- 
duction of, 1851, 106. 
Herbarium, typical, list of objects for local 
museums, 1855, 123, 124. 



48 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



Heteropoda of the West coast of N. America, 

P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 316. 
Heterosomata of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 277. 
Hindils, General Briggs on the, 1850, 169. 
Hippopotamus, fossU, British, Prof. Owen 

on the, 1843, 223. 
Hirundinida; of North America, 1836, 179, 
195; ofDukhun, 1837,248; Irish, 1840, 
372; 1843,272; 1852,291. 
Histoire C(§leste, reports on the reduction of 
Lalande's stars in the, 1838, 316 ; 1839, 
174; 1840, 426; 1841, 330; 1842, 205; 
1845,330; 1847, 379- 
Hog, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 
1843, 228. 

, skull of the. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 

297. 
Holoptychius, fossil, Prof.'Agassiz on, 1842, 
87; 1843, 195,198. 

, fossil. Prof. Huxley on the structure 

and figure of the genus, 1860, 32. 
Holothuriadce of Ireland, W. Thompson on 
the, 1843, 279; 1852, 295. 

of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 149, 151. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of, 1847, 127. 

. , British, 1860, 230. 

Homoiomorphism, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32, 429. 
Homologies of the vertebrate skeleton, Prof. 
Owen on the, 1846, 169. 

of the Amphipoda, by C. Spence Bate, 

1855, 24. 

■ , vide Vertebrate skeleton. 

Hooke's discourses of earthquakes, E. Mal- 
let on, 1850, 15. 
Hornblende and augite, on, 1831-32, 486. 
Horse, fossil remains of, British, Prof. Owen 

on the, 1843, 230. 
Hot-blast furnaces, Prof. Bunsen and Dr. 
Lyon Playfair on the theory of the, 1845, 
168. 
Hot springs, liints for observations of the 
temperature of, by Prof. J. D. Forbes, 
1840, 152. 
Hottentot language, 1847, 196, 228. 
Houldsworth's pyrometer, W. Fairbairn on, 

1844, 107, 109, 
Howssa languages, 1847, 185. 
Human anatomy. Prof. Owen on the no- 
menclature of, 1846, 169. 
cranium, Prof. Owen on the homo- 
logies of the, 1846, 188, 300. 

body, report of committee on the 

analysis of the glands, &c. of the, by Dr. 
a. O. Eees, 1837, 149. 

embryo. Prof. Owen on the skull of 

the, 1846, 197. 

< knowledge and discovery, table of 

some of the men and events upon which 
its progress have depended, 1858, 104. 
— — race, varieties of the, queries ad- 
dressed to travellers, 1840, 447; 1841, 
52,332; 1843,292; 1844,93. 



Human race, on the various metliods of re- 
search which contribute to the advance- 
ment of the knowledge of the, 1847, 230. 

— — race, review of philological and phy- 
sical researches as applied to the history 
of the, by Dr. J. C. Prichard, 1831-32, 
529. 

race, account of the attempts made to 

classify them by their physical character, 
1831-32, 534. 

• race, Greneral Briggs on the aboriginal 

tribes of India, 1850, 169. 

■ race, manual of ethnological inquiry, 

by Dr. Ilodgkin and E. Cull, 1852, 24.3. 

Humidity, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831-32, 
239; 1840,95. 

Hutton's theory of mineral veins, 1833, 10. 

Hycena, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 
1842, 71. 

Hydraulic machinery, on its application to 
cranes, &c., by Sir W. Gc. Armstrong, 
1854, 417. 

Hydraulics, as a branch of engineering, G. 
Eennie's report on the progress of, 1833, 

153:— 
Statement of the fundamental problem 
and modification of the law of Tor- 
ricelli, 153. 
Eesearches of foreign philosophers, 155. 
Eesearches of British philosophers, 179. 
Part2. 1834, 415-512:— 
Introduction. 
On the mean velocity of water running 

in artificial canals, 424. 
On the progress of our knowledge of 

rivers, 425. 
Progress of hydraulics in France, Ger- 
many, and England, 447. 
Progress of hydraulic engineering in 
England with reference to rivers, 
canals, and drainage, 473, 
, vide Fluids, Hydrodynamics, and Hy- 
drostatics. 
Hydriodatc of phosphuretted hydrogen, 

Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 464. 
Hydrobromate of phosphuretted hydrogen, 

Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 464. 
Hydrocarbons, Dr. Daubeny on the nomcn- 

clatm-e of the, 1851, 126. 
Hydrochloric acid, J. Blake on its effects 

when injected into the veins, 1845, 84. 
Hydrodynamics and hydrostatics, Eev. 
Prof. Challis's report on, 1833, 131; 
1834, 253 ; 1836, 225. 

■ , report on researches in, by Prof. G. 

G. Stokes, 1846, i :— 
I. General theorems connected with the 
ordinary equations of fluid motion, 2. 
II. Theory of waves, including tides, 3. 
Theory of long waves. 
Theory of oscillatory waves. 
Theory of solitary waves. 
Theory of river and ocean tides. 

III. The discharge of gases through small 

orifices, 13. 

IV. Theory of sound, 14. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



49 



•Hydrodynamics, continued. 

V. Simultaneous oscillations of fluids 
and solids, 1 5. 

VI. Formation of the equations of mo- 
tion when the pressure is not sup- 
posed equal in all directions, 16. 

, vide Hydraulics and Wayes. 

Hydrogen, basifying power of, Prof, John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 452. 

gas, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 45a. 

, carburetted, evolved from, springs, Dr. 

Daubeny on, 1836, 42. 
, persulphuretted. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 454. 
, phosphuretted, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 456. 
. , phosphuretted, muriate, hydriodate, 

and hydrobromate of. Prof, Johnston on, 

1831-32, 464. 
, sulphuretted, its action on nitric acid, 

Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 460. 
, sulphuretted, evolved from springs. 

Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 36, 42, 73. 
Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics. Rev, Prof. 

Challis's report on the analytical theory 

of, 1833, 131-151:— 

1. Motion in pipes and vessels. 

2. Velocity and propagation in elastic 

fluids. 

3. Musical vibrations in tubes. 

4. Waves at the surface of water. 

5. Resistance to the motion of a ball- 

pendulum. 

•: and hydrodynamics, report on the 

theory of capillary attraction, by Rev. 
Prof. Challis, 1834, 253. 
, supplementary report on the mathe- 
matical theory of fluids, by Rev. Prof. 
Challis, 1836, 225 :— 

Mechanical theory of the atmosphere, 

226, 
Theory of the velocity of sound, 233. 
Propagation of sound through liquids, 

244. 
Theories of elastic fluids, 246. 

, vide Hydrodynamics, Hydraulics. 

Hydrozoa, British, list of, compiled by R. 
M' Andrew, 1860, 232 ; Corynidte, Sertu- 
laridas, Calyeophoridfe, Physophoridas, 
232; Medusidae, Lucernaridas, 233. 

, Irish, 1843, 283; 1857, 235; 1858, 

287. 
Hygrometer for use in a balloon, on the, 
1841, 58. . 

and aspirator, improved, 1851, 343. 

Hygrometers, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831- 
32, 240; 1840,95. 

of the Kew observatory, 1844, 128 ; 

1849, 81 ; 1851, xxviii, 341, 365. 
Hygrometric sliding rule, on a. 1851, 345. 
Hygrometry, Prof. J.D. Forbes on, 1831--32, 

239 ; 1840, 95. 
Hylgeosaurus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, hi; 1859, 164. 
Jlyoscyamin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 
509- 



Hyperina, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 

1855, 59, 
Hyposulphite of barytes, Prof, Johnston on, 

1831-32, 481. 
Hyposulphurous acid, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, .461. 
, Hyracotherium, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 

on, 1843, 226, 

Ibu language, 1847, 171. 

Icarus of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E, Forbes 

on the, 1843, 134, 187, 
Ice, specific gravity of, 1831-32, 454. 

, formation of, in reference to the theory 

of radiant heat, 1840, 20. 
Ichthyology of New Zealand, report on the, 
by Sir J. Richardson, 1842, 12. 

of the seas of China and Japan, report 

on the, by Sir J, Richardson, 1845, 
187. 

, vide Fishes. 

Ichthyopterygia, Prof. Owen on the, 1859, 

159. 
Ichthyosaurus, Prof. Owen on the characters 
of the genus, 1839, 86. 
I. communis, 108, 
I. intermedins, no. 
I. platyodon, 112. 
I. lonchiodon, 116. 
T. tenuirostris, 1 17. 
I. acutirostris, 121. 
I. latifrons, 122. 
I. latimanus, 123, 
I. thyreospondylus, 124. 
I. trigonus, 124. 
Iguanidae, American, 1836, 200. 
Iguanodon Mantelli, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 

120. 
Impact upon beams. Prof. E. Hodgkinson 
on, 1835, 93-116: — 

Conclusions from experiments, &c,, 93, 

Experiments : — 
Horizontal impacts, 106. 
Vertical impacts, 112. 
Impact on bodies sustained by wires, 

US- 
Imports, report on the animal and vegetable 
products imported into Liverpool from 
1851 to 1855, by Prof. T. C. Archer, 1857, 
254. 
, animal, vegetable, and mineral pro- 
ducts imported into the Clyde from 1853 
to 1857, report on, by M, Connal and W 
Keddie, 1858, 185. 
Inclinometer, Prof. Lloyd's, 1842, 8. 

, inductive, Weber's, 1842, 9. 

, Lamont's, 1842, 9. 

Indicator, constant, for steam-engines, 1841, 
307 ; 1842, 98. 
Watt's, 1841, 308. 
Morin's compteur, 1841, 308. 
Prof. Moseley's, 1841, 310. 
Theory of the, 1841, 314; the springs, 
317 ; friction of the pistons, integra- 
ting wheel, &c., 320 ; formulae for de- 
termining the work of an engine, 323, 



50 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Indo-European languages, 1847, ^41, 261. 
Indo-Gkrman philology, Rev. Dr. Donald- 
son on two problems in, 1851, 138. 
Induction, experiments on, by atmospheric 

electricity, at the Kew observatory, 1844, 

140. 
, photochemical, Prof. Bunsen and Dr. 

H. E. Roscoe on, 1856, 65. 
Industrial Feeding-schools, Aberdeen, A. 

Thomson's report on the, 1859, 44. 
Inferobranchiata of the ^gean Sea, Prof. 

E. Forbes on the, 1843, 133, 134, 187. 

of Ireland, 1843, 251. 

Infinite angles, Dr. C. J. Hargreave on, 

1857, 188. 
Infraorbital cavities in deers and antelopes. 

Prof. Jacob on the, 1855, 208. 
Infusoria, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 

our knowledge of the, 1834, 242. 
Inoculation, Dr. W. Henry on, 1834, 73. 
Inorganic chemistry, report on, by Prof. 

Johnston, 1831-32, 447, 487. 
— — substances, R. Mallet on the action of 

long-continued heat on, 1838, 313. 
Insectivora (Ord. Camivora) of North 

America, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1836, 

140. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1842, 57. 
Insects, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of our 

knowledge of, 1834, 205. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on, 1837, 252. 

of Ireland, 1843, 290. 

, list of, selected for observation of 

periodical phenomena, 1845, 336; 1850, 

343- 

Insessores of North America, 1836, 170, 192, 
193 ; of Dukhim, 1837, 248 ; of Ireland, 
1840, 366; 1852,291. 

Insulation, experiments on, at the Kew ob- 
servatory, 1844, 138. 

, external apparatus for, 1851, 340. 

Insulators, comparative insulating powers 
of, 1844, 135, 136, 137. 

Invertebrata, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state 
of knowledge of the, 1834, 218. 

, marine, report on the infralittoral dis- 
tribution of, on the southern, western, and 
northern coasts of Great Britain, by Prof. 
E. Forbes, 1850, 192. 

of the jEgean Sea, Prof. E, Forbes on 

the, 1843, 130. 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., R. 

M'Andrew on the, 1856, 115. 

' of the West coast of North America, 

1856, 312. 

, South European, R. M'Andrew on, 

1850, 264. 

of Ireland, 1843, 245 ; 1852, 292 ; 

1857, 106 ; 1858, 178. 

• , British marine, list of the, by R. M'An- 
drew, 1860, 217. 

, vide Dredging. 

lodate of soda, mode of preparing, 1831-32, 
480. 

Iodic acid. Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 466. 



Iodic acid. Dr. J. Blake on its effects when 

injected into the veins, 1845, 83. 
Iodine and bromine, heat of combination 

of. Dr. T. Andrews on, 1849, 78. 

and bromine in salt springs, 1836, 16. 

and chlorine, oxides of, Prof Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 465. 
Iridium, salts of, on their action when in- 
troduced into the blood, 1846, 27. 
Iron, P. Barlow on the mean strength and 

elasticity of, 1833, 96-103. 
, corrosion of, R. Mallet on the, 1838, 

253 ; 1840, 221 ; 1843, i. 
— — , on paints and varnishes to prevent 

the corrosion of, 1838, 287; 1840, 238; 

1843, 19, 23. 
manufacture in Great Britain, G. R. 

Porter on the progress of, 1846, 99-1 19. 
, slags produced in the smelting and 

manufacture of. Dr. Percy on the, 1846, 

351- 

, on certain anomalous conditions in 

castings when produced from the same 
iron in successive meltings, by W. Fair- 
bairn, 1853, 87. 

, smelting of, report on the gases evolved 

from furnaces, with reference to the theory 
of the, by Prof. Bunsen and Dr. L. Play- 
fair, 1845, 142. 

works, Ystalyfera, on the advantageous 

use made of the gaseous escape from the 
blast-furnaces of, by J. P. Budd, 1848, 75. 

, the contact of oak and all timbers 

which contain tannic or gallic acids in- 
jurious to, 1843, 17. 

, cast, W. Fairbaim on the strength and 

other properties of, 1837, 377 ; 1842, 88. 

, cast. Prof. E. Hodgkinson on the 

strength and other properties of, 1837, 337. 

, cast, experiments on the ultimate 

transverse strength of, 1838, 312. 

, cast, by the cold and hot blast. Prof. 

T. Thomson on the difference in the com- 
position of, 1837, 117. 

, cast, analyses of, 1843, 4. 

, cast, on the resistance of, derived 

from repeated meltings, to the force of 
compression, by W. Fairbaim, 1853, 109. 

—— , wrought and cast, and steel, reports 
of experiments upon the action of air and 
water on, by R. Mallet, 1838, 253 ; 1840, 
221 ; 1843, I. 

, wrought, W. Fairbaim on the tensile 

strength of, at various temperatures, 1856, 
405 ; on the tensile strength of rivet-iron, 

415- 

, R. Mallet on railway bar corrosion, 

1843, 28 ; 1849, 88. 

beams, impact upon, 1835, 93. 

girders, wrought, on the effect of vi- 
bratory action and long-continued changes 
of load upon, 1860, 45. 

guns, on, 1855, 100. 

ships, on the corrosion of, 1843, 14. 

ships, injurious effect of oak timber, &c., 

in, 1843, 17. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



51 



Iron, rivet-, W. Fairbaim on the tensile 
strength of, 1856, 415. 

— — , carburets of, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 
32, 478. 

■ , peroxalate of. Prof. Johnston on the 

action of light upon, 1831-32, 482. 

• , submuriate of, 1831-32, 483. 

' with silica, and muriatic acid, in mi- 
neral waters, 1836, 14, 15. 

, protosulphate of, and chloride of ba- 
rium, heat of combination of, Dr, T. 
Andrews on the, 1849, 72, 

• ore of Dukhun, 1837, 229, 

, meteoric, phosphorus in, 1849, 33. 

Irrigation in Dukhun, Col, Sjkes on, 1837, 
272. 

Isoclinal lines, or lines of equal magnetic 
dip, corresponding to the years 1600, 
1700, and 1780; 1835, 67, 

and isodynamic lines in Ireland, on 

the, 1835, 150. 

and isodynamic lines in the British 

Islands, General Sabine's memoir on 
the, 1838, 49. 

Isodimorphism, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 
433; 1837, 168. 

Isoetaceje, Prof. Henfrey on the reproduc- 
tion of, 1851, 1 14, 

Isogenic lines, or lines of equal magnetic 
variation, corresponding to the years 
1600, 1700, 1744, and 1787 ; 1835, 62. 

Isomerism, Prof, Johnston on, 1831-32, 
434 ; isomeric bodies, 436. 

Isomorphism of potash and ammonia + two 
atoms of water, Prof. Johnston on the, 
1831-32,431. 

, Eev. Dr. Whewell on, 1831-32, 344. 

, on the relation of dimorphism to, by 

Prof. Johnston, 1837, 209. 

, use of, in determining the compositions 

of oxides, &c,, by Prof. Johnston, 1831-32, 
422 ; 1837, 179 ; its application to mineral 
compounds, 1831-32, 424. 

Isomorphous bodies, list of, by Prof. John- 
ston, 1831-32, 425. 

groups, probably dimorphous, 1837, 

171; like forms generally follow like 
formulae, 172 ; Hke forms with unlike for- 
mulae, 173; discordant formula, 177. 

— — substances, their action when intro- 
duced into the blood, by J. Blake, 1843, 
115; 1845,82; 1846, 27. 

Isopoda, Irish, 1843, 269 ; 1852, 294 ; Bri- 
tish, list of, 1860, 224. 

Isothermal lines. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 
1831-32, 213; 1840, 55. 

lines of the globe, remarks by Prof. 

H. W. Dove on his maps of the, 1848, 
85. 

Jerrard's (G-. B.) method for transforming 
and resolving equations of elevated de- 
grees, Sir W. E. Hamilton on, 1836, 
295. 

Johnston's seismic map, on, 1858, 45. 

Juno, planet, discovery of, 1831-32, 157. 



Kakodyl, chloride of, 1859, 4. 

Kanga, Mangree, and Gien languages, 1847, 

Kater's vertical collimator, 1831-32, 134. 
Kellia, ^gean, Prof. E. Forbes on the, 

1843, 142, 192. 
Kimmeridge clay, large emydian from the, 

1841, 168. 
Knoblauch's researches on radiant heat, 

Eev. Prof. Powell on, 1854, 342, 
Kyanized timber, E. Mallet on, 1843, 17. 

Labridse of North America, Sir J, Eichard- 

son on the, 1836, 208, 212. 
of Ireland, 1840, 389; British, 1844, 

302. 
of New Zealand, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1842, 24, 
of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Eichardson on the, 1845, 255. 
of the London clay, Prof. Agassiz on 

the, 1844, 291. 
Labyrinthodon leptognathus, fossil, Prof, 

Owen on the, 1841, 183; L. salaman- 

droides, 183; L. ventricosus, 183; L, 

pachygnathus, 186; L. scutulatus, 188. 
Labyrinthodontia, fossil, Prof. Owen on the, 

1859, 158. 
Lacaille's stars, reports on the reduction of, 

1839, 171; 1840,427; 1841, 327; 1842, 
205; 1845, 339; 1847, 379. 

Lacertilia, fossil. Prof. Owen on the, 1841, 

144; 1859, 165, 
Lactic acid, 1831-32, 525 ; 1859, 5. 
Lffimodipoda, C. Spence Bate on the, 1855, 

19. 

, British, 1860, 224. 

Lagrange's Hmit of the number of roots of 

a congruence, 1859, 235. 
Lakes, Dr. Daubeny on the water of, 1836, 6. 
, J. F. Bateman on the supply of water 

from, 1855, 77. 
Lalahde's catalogue of stars, reports on 

the reduction of, 1838, 316; 1839, 174; 

1840, 426; 1841, 330; 1842, 205; 1845, 
339; 1847, 379- 

Lamellibranchiata, Irish, 1843, 260; 1852, 
293; 1857, 105-110, 221; 1859, 117. 

of the Mgeaxi Sea, 1843, 142, 145, 156, 

158, 159, 161, 163, 165, 166, 168, 191. 

' , British, taken in the dredge, Prof. E. 

Forbes on, 1850, 205, 230, 259. 

, South European, 1850, 264. 

of the West coast of North America, 

P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 299. 

, British, list of, compiled by E. M 'An- 
drew, 1860, 220. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, ti6. 

Lamnidte of the Sea of Japan, Sir J. Eich- 
ardson on the, 1845, 195, 317. 

Lament's inclinometer, 1842, 9. 

Language, Egyptian, Dr. C. C. J. Bunsen 
on the, 1847, 254, 291. 

, Celtic, importance of the study of the, 

as exhibited.by the modern Celtic dialects, 
by Dr. C. Meyer, 1847, 301. 

e2 



52 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Language, Dr. C. C.J. Bunsen on the leading 
points in the history of the philosophy of, 
and of its results for general ethnology, 
1847, 257 ; phenomena of, as to the 
vestiges of its formation, development 
and decay, 274 ; philosophical considera- 
tions on the origin of, and the principle 
of development in them, 285 ; classifica- 
tion of languages, 291. 

, Chinese and Indo-Chinese, Dr. Pri- 

chard on the, 1847, 247. 

, Chinese, Dr. C. C. J. Bunsen on the, 
1847, 282. 

of the Hindiis, General Briggs on the, 

: 1850, 173. 

, results of Egyptian researches as to 

the origin and history of, with particular 

reference to Asiatic and African ethno- 

. logy, by Dr. C. C. J. Bunsen, 1847, 254. 

Languages, brief history of philological in- 
quiries exemplifying the diversity and 
affinity of, 1831-32, 530. 

and their affinities. Dr. Prichard on 

the history of, 1847, 236. 

of Africa, Dr. Latham on the, 1847, 

154- 

of America, Dr. Prichard on the, 1847, 

'250. 
, Arian and aboriginal, of India, on the 

relation of the Bengali to the, by Dr. 

Max Miiller, 1847, 319. 
, Indo-European, Dr. Prichard on the, 

1847, 241. 
, Syro- Arabian, Dr. Prichard on the, 

1847, 247. 
, Turanian, or Ugro-Tartarian, Dr. 

Prichard on the, 1847, 244. 

, vide Philology. 

Laniadje of North America, 1836, 170; of 
. Dukhun, 1837, 248 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

366. 
Laplace's coefficients, account of, by Eev. 

Dr. Whewell in his report on electricity, 
: 1835, 7. 
Laridae of North America, 1836, 184 ; of 

Dukhun, 1837, 251; of Ireland, 1840, 

380; 1852, 291. 
Lead district of Alston Moor, galvanic ex- 
periments in the, by H. L. Pattinson, 1839, 

23. 
Lead-mining districts of Yorkshire, S. Eddy 

on the, 1858, 167. 
Lead, acetate of, J. Blake on its action on 

animals, 1843, 115. 
, acetate of, and sulphate of magnesia, 

or sulphate of soda, or sulphate of zinc, 

or sulphm'ic acid, or oxalic acid, Dr. T. 

Andrews on the heat of combinations of, 

1849, 73, 74. 
, carbonate of, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32,481. 
, nitrate of, and sulphuric acid. Dr. 

T. Andrews on the heat of combination 

of, 1849, 74. 
, phosphates of. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 484. 



Lead, sulphurets of, 1831-32, 478. 

, vanadiate of, 1831-32, 470. 

Leaves of plants. Prof. Lindley on the theory 
of wood being generated by the action of, 

1833, 36 ; on the arrangement of, 40 ; on 
the structure of, 41. 

Leech, British, Dr. T. Williams on the, 
1851, 165-268. 

Legendre's law of reciprocity, 1859, 241. 

Leibnitz's Protog^ea, notice of, 1831-32, 366. 

Leiodon, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 
1841, 144. 

Leporidse of North America, 1836, 157; 
Irish, 1840, 361. 

Lerneada, Irish, 1843, 270; 1852, 294; 
British, 1860, 226. 

Leucodore, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 
1851, 199, 2o8. 

Level line, measured from the Bristol Chan- 
nel to the English Channel, report of 
committee on a, by Eev. Dr. Whewell, 
1838, I. 

Leveling operations between the Bristol 
Channel and the English Channel, ac- 
count of, by T. a. Bunt, 1838, 11. 

staff and vane, sketch of a, 1838, 

18. 

Libri's (M.) hypothesis of the conduction of 
heat, 1841, 8, 10. 

Liebig's " Organic Chemistry applied to 
Physiology and Pathology," abstract of, 
by Dr. Lyon Playfair, 1842, 42. 

Life, Dr. W. C. Henry on the term, 1833, 59. 

Life-boats, on the construction and general 
use of, by G-eneral Chesney, 1854, 327, 

and fishing-boats on the coasts of the 

United Kingdom, report on the, by A. 
Henderson, 1857, 308. 

Light, report on the progress of optics, by 
Sir D. Brewster, 1831-32, 308. 

, Rev. Dr. Lloyd on the state of our 

knowledge of the physical theory of, 1834, 

^95'— 

(Unpolarized), propagation of, 297 ; 
principle of interference, 303 ; re- 
flexion and refraction of, 305 ; diffrac- 
tion, 323 ; colours of thin and thick 
plates, 338. 
(Polarized), polarization, 350; trans- 
versal vibrations, 352; reflexion and 
refraction of, 356 ; double refraction, 
375 ; colours of crystalline plates, 

395- 

, on the phenomena of absorption by 

crystallized media, by Eev. Dr. Lloyd, 

1834, 393. 

, vide Solar, Spectrum, &c. 

, coloured, its action on germination, 

1833, 54. 
, researches on the influence of, on the 

germination of seeds and the growth of 

plants, by E. Hunt, 1842, 75 ; 1844, 29 ; 

1846, 33; 1847, 17. 
— — , influences of, on organic bodies, list of 

memoirs, &c. on, 1850, 153. 
— — , on the reduction of the chemical 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



53 



. action of, to an absolute measure, by 
Prof. Bunsen and Dr. H. E. Roscoe, 

1856, 67. 

light, experiments on, referring to the ap- 
parent magnitudes of luminous meteors, 

1857, 151. 

, zodiacal, Eey. Prof, Powell on the 

radiation of heat from the, 1854, 354. 

and heat, Eev. Prof. Powell on the 

analogies of transmission of, by wares, 
1854, 351. 
Ligula of the iEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 142, 191. 
Lima of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 145, 192. 
Limacidte, British and foreign, Prof. E. 
Forbes on the, 1839, 142. 

■ , Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

252. 
lime, method of detecting barytes and stron- 

tian in, 1831-32, 476. 
, carbonate of (Arragonite), Prof. John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 480; hydrated, 481. 
— — and soda, carbonate of, 1831-32, 480. 
limestone of Dukhvm, Col.Sykes on the, 
1837, 225. 

of North America, 1834, 43 e?f seq. 

• , mountain, galvanic experiments to 

determine the existence or non-existence 
of electrical currents in the, 1839, 22. 

, magnesian, chemical examination of, 
by A. Gages, 1859, 66. 

, Gweedore metamorphic, containing 

garnets, chemical examination of, by A. 
Gages, 1859, 75. 
Limneada?, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 253. 
liingula. Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 18. 
liniadffi, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 171, 

177, 243, 244. 
Lintseed, experiments on the growth of, by 

Prof. Buckman, 1859, 22 ; 1860, 42. 
linum perenne (perennial flax), experiments 
on the growth of, by Prof. Buckman, 
_1857, 213. 
Lithia in mineral waters, 1836, 16. 
Lithodomus, microscopic structure of the 
shell in the, by Dr. Carpenter, 1847, 99, 
131. 
Lithography, as applied to ornithology, 1844, 

202. 
Lithophyta, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 287. 
Lizard, pleurodont eocene, British, Prof. 
Owen on, 1841, 145 ; scincoid oolite, 145. 
Lloyd's inclinometer, 1842, 8. 
Locomotive boilers, on the strength of, and 
the causes which lead to explosion, by 
W. Fairbairn, 1853, 53. 
Logarithms, Rev. Dr. J. Booth on the geo- 
metrical origin of, 1856, 68. 
London clay. Prof, Agassiz on the fossil 

fishes of the, 1844, 279. 
Longitude, on the determination of the arc 
of, between the observatories of Armagh 



and Dublin, by Rev. Dr. Robinson and 

Sir W. Hamilton, 1839, 19. 
Lophiid£e, Irish, 1840, 389 ; British, 1844, 

302. 
of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 203. 
Lophiodon, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, . 

1843, 224. 
Lophobranchii of North America, Sir John 

Richardson on the, 1836, 220. 
of Ireland, 1840, 396 ; 1852, 292 ; Bri- 
tish, 1844, 303. 
of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 28. 
of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 202. 
Lophopus, Prof. Allman on the polyzoon, 

1850, 305-327. 
Loricati, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

385- 
Lottia of the JIgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 135, 188. 
Liunbricina, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 272. 
Lunar and planetary observations, Green- 
wich, G. B. Airy on the reductions of the, 

1838, 315; 1840,423. 
• influence on the temperature of the 

air, J. P. Harrison on, 1857, 248 ; 1859, 

193. 
theories, account of, by G. B. Airy, 

1831-32, 174. 
photography, W. De la Rue on, 1859, 

139. 

, vide Moon. 

Lungs and air-tubes, report of experiments 

on the physiology of the, by Dr. C. J. 

B.Williams, 1840, 411. 
Lutra, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1842, 

Lutraria elliptica. Dr. Carpenter on the 
microscopic structure of the shell of, 
1847, 103, 131. 

Lycidice, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 197, 
21C, 230. 

Lycopodiacese, Prof. Henfrey on the repro- 
duction of, 1851, III, 122. 

Lyonsia, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shell of, 1847, 105. 

Macacus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 
1842, 55. 

Machinery, water-pressure, J. Glynn on, 
1847, 147; 1848, II. 

, water-pressure, applied to cranage and 

hoisting purposes, &c., Sir W. G. Arm- 
strong on, 1854, 417. 

Macroura, Irish, 1843, 268; 1852, 293; 
1858, 178, 266, 286, 292; 1860, 30. 

, British, 1850, 243 ; list of, 1860, 223. 

Mactraceae, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of, 1847, 
103, 131. 

Madder, Dr. Schunck on the colouring mat- 
ters of, 1846, 24; of Avignon madder, 
1847, 136; 1848, 57,71. 



54 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Maecenas, colcesal bust of, presented by Dr. 
Manni, 1837, xliii. 

Maenidaj of the China and Japan seas, Sir 
J. Richardson on the, 1845, 239. 

-- — of North America, Sir J. Richardson 
on the, 1836, 206, 210. 

Magnesia, sulphate of, and chloride of 
barium, Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of 
combination of, 1849, 71. 

, sulphate of, and nitrate of barytes, 
heat of combination of, 1849, 72. 

— — , sulphate of, and acetate of lead, heat 
of combination of, 1849, 73. 

Magnesian conglomerate from Downhill, 
Co. Londonderry, A. Gages on the che- 
mical examination of the, 1859, 69. 

Magnet, powerful temporary, 1831-32, 85. 

Magnetic force, terrestrial, S. H. Christie 
on the, 1833, 118. 

■ and meteorological observations, re- 

port for procuring a continuance of the, 
1858, 295. 

disturbance, remarkable, at Toronto, 

1841, 340 ; remarks on the, 345 ; also 
observations of the same disturbance at 
Trevandrum, St. Helena, and the Cape 
of Grood Hope, by General Sabine, 347, 

349» 351- 

disturbances, on, 1842, 6. 

force in Ireland, on the direction and 

intensity of the, by Rev. Dr. Lloyd, General 

Sabine, and Admiral Sir J. C. Ross, 1835, 

117:— 

1. Horizontal intensity, 117. 

2. Dip and intensity, 137. 

3. Isodynamic and isoclinal lines, 150. 
force, in Scotland, General Sabine 

on the direction and intensity of, 1836, 

97*— 

Observations of dip, 97. 
Intensity : — 

By Prof. Lloyd's statical method, 105. 
By the method of horizontal varia- 
tions, no. 

intensity of the earth's surface, report 

on the variations of the, by General Sa- 
bine, 1837, I. — I. Historical notices : — 
Rossel, 3 ; Humboldt, 5 ; Humboldt 
and Gay-Lussac, 7 ; Sabine, 8, u, 
19, 33; Hansteen, 10; Erichsen, 
1 1 ; Boeck, 1 1 ; Liitke, 1 3 ; Lenz, 1 3 ; 
King, 15 ; Keilhau, 11,22 ; Hansteen 
and Due, 2 3 ; Erman, 11,23; Kupffer, 
25 ; Quetelet, 26 ; Douglas, 27 ; Fitz- 
Roy, 32; Rudberg, 33; Lloyd, 33; 
Ross, 33; Estcourt, 35; Freycinet, 
35 ; Forbes, 41 ; Duperrey, 1838, 
318; Bache, 1838, 319. 

II. General Table of Intensities, 1837, 42. 

III. General conclusions, 63. 
Appendix, 497 : Errata, 500. 
Appendix, 1838, 318. 

instruments : — transportable magneto- 
meter, Prof. Lloyd's inclinometer, Weber's 
inductive inclinometer, Lamout's inclino- 
meter, 1842, 8, 9. 



Magnetic needle, General Sabine on the 
diurnal variation of the, in different 
months of the year, 1854, 357. 

and meteorological observatory at To- 
ronto, report of the committee on the ex- 
pediency of continuing the, 1848, 99. 

observatory at Philadelphia, Mr. Bache 

on the, 1842, 209. 

observatories, British Colonial, on some 

of the results obtained at the, by General 
Sabine, 1854, 355. 

and meteorological observatories, re- 
port of the joint committee of the Royal 
Society and the British Association for 
the continuance of, 1858, 295. 

surveys, 1838, 49; 1841, 40; 1842, 

4 ; 1843, 59 ; 1844, 147 ; 1845, 3 ; 1857, 
130; 1859, 167. 

— — — survey of Great Britain, memoir 
on the, by General Sabine, 1838, 49- 
196 : — 
Introduction, 49. 

Division I. Dip. 
Errorsof dipping-needles, and improve- 
ments, 51. 
Annual alteration of the dip, 62. 
Dip in London (May 1838), 64. 
Sect. 1. Observations in England, 67. 
Sect. 2. Observations in Scotland, 86. 
Sect 3. Observations in Ireland (by 

Rev. Dr. Lloyd), 91. 
Summary and deduction of the iso- 
clinal lines, 120. 
General table of the dip observations. 

Division II. Intensity. 
Sect. 1. Observations in England : — sta- 
tical method, 138; method of hori- 
zontal vibrations, 148. 
Sect. 2. Observations in Scotland : — sta- 
tical method, 155 ; method of hori- 
zontal vibrations, 161. 
Sect. 3. Observations in Ireland (by Rev. 
Dr. Lloyd) : — method of horizontal 
vibrations, 165 ; statical method, 176. 
Summary and deduction of the isody- 
namic lines, 186. 
General table of the intensity observa- 
tions, by the statical method, 190. 
Extension of the isoclinal and isody- 
namic lines into meridians east and 
west of the British Islands, 193. 

survey of Great Britain, report of 

the committee on the, 1857, 130; 1858, 
185. 

survey of Ireland, Rev. Dr. H. Lloyd 

on the instruments employed in the, 1858, 
260. 

survey of Scotland, by J. Welsh, on 

some results of the, by B. Stewart, 1859, 
167 : — 
Div. I. Dip, 167. 
Div. II. Total force, 175. 
Div. III. Declination, 183. 
Magnetical and meteorological observations, 
simultaneous, report on a series of resolu- 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



55 



tions, and memorial to Her Majesty'd 
Government, 1839, 31. 
Magnetieal and meteorological observations, 
simultaneous, second report, 1840, 427. 

," third report, 1841, 38. 

, fourth report, 1842, i-ii : — 

Antarctic expedition under Capt.Eoss, i. 
British and foreign observatories, &c., 2. 
Magnetic surveys, 4. 
Observations made at sea, 5. 
Magnetic disturbances, 6. 
New instruments and modes of obser- 
vation, 8. 
Publication of magnetic observations, 

descriptions of observatories, &c., 9. 
Annual report of Prof. Von Bogus- 
lawski, II. 
, fifth report, 1843, 54 :— 

1. Antarctic expedition, 54. 

2. British and foreign observatories, &c., 
56. 

3. Magnetic surveys, 59. 

4. North American survey, 59. 

5. Naval observatories, 59. 
, sixth report, 1844, 143-155: — 

Antarctic expedition, 143. 

British Colonial magnetieal and meteo- 
rological observatories, 144. 

New series of observations at fixed sta- 
tions, 146. 

Magnetic surveys and itinerant obser- 
vations in progress, 147. 

Completion of the Antarctic survey, 148. 

Proposed survey of the Eastern Archi- 
pelago and China Seas, 148. 

Surveys — ^Austria, Sweden, &c., 148. 

Itinerant observations not in the na- 
ture of formal surveys, naval obser- 
vatories, &c., 149. 

Publications relating to terrestrial mag- 
netism, 149. 

Discussion of meteorological observa- 
tions, 152. 

Letter from Prof. Boguslawski to Gene- 
ral Sabine, 154. 

, seventh report, with the proceedings 

connected with the Magnetieal and Me- 
teorological Conference at Cambridge, 
1845, I :— 

Arctic expedition, i. 

New stations for meteorological and 
magnetic observations, 2. 

Magnetic surveys, 3. 

Publication of magnetic and meteoro- 
logical observations, 3. 

Approaching conclusion of the pre- 
sent system of magnetic and meteo- 
rological establishments, and con- 
siderations thereby rendered neces- 
sary, 9. 

Appendix: — Circular on the part of 
the Committee, by Sir J. F, W. 
Herschel, 1 3 ; Replies to the same : — 

from Prof. W. Weber, 14, 16. 
M. Kupffer, 18. 
Prof. Loomis, 2c, 



Magnetieal and meteorological observations, 
seventh report, continued. Replies 
from Dr. Lamont, 22, 63. 

Prof. Dove, 24, 28, 57, 60. 
M. Quetelet, 31. 
Sir T. M. Brisbane, 33. 
J. A. Broun, 34. 
Rev. Dr. Lloyd, 35. 
Prof. Phillips, 37. 
Dr. Adolphe Erman, 38. 
Prof. Ch. P. Grauss, 42, 64. 
M. Kreil, 45, 49. 
G. B. Airy, 52. 
Lieut.-Col. Sabine, 53. 
Baron von Humboldt, 64. 
W. C. Redfield, 65. 
Invitation letter to attend the Confer- 
ence, 66. 
Letters from the Marquis of North- 
ampton and Sir John Herschel to Sir 
Robert Peel, 67. 
Resolutions of the Conference, adopted 

by the General Committee, 67. 
Report of the committee for a continu- 
ance of the magnetic and meteorolo- 
gical observations, 69. 
Magnetieal and meteorological observations 
on the Continent, Dr. Lamont on the 
system of, 1842, 207. 

, list of, in the possession of the 

Royal Society, 1845, 8. 
Magnetism of the earth, Prof. Christie's re- 
port on the, 1833, 105-130: — 

I. The direction of the terrestrial mag- 

netic force, 106. 

1. The variation of the needle. 

2. Change in the direction of the 

needle. 

3. Diurnal change in the variation. 

4. The dip of the magnetic needle. 

5. Variation of the dip. 

II. Intensity of the terrestrial magnetic 

force, 118. 

<- , electricity, and heat, the Rev. Dr. 

Whewell's report on the mathematical 
theories of, 1835, 1-34. 

, terrestrial, on the phenomena of, 
being an abstract of the ".Magnetismus 
der Erde" of Prof. Ch. Hansteen, by 
General Sabine, 1835, 61. 

— — , terrestrial, on the calculation of the 
Gaussian constants of, for 1829, by A. 
Erman, 1846, 92 ; 1847, 377 5 1848, 98. 

, terrestrial, on the Kew magneto- 
graphs for self-registration of the varia- 
tions of, 1851, 325, 328 ; 1859, 200. 

and meteorology, terrestrial, publica- 
tions relating to, 1842, 9 ; 1843, 56 ; 1844, 
149 : 1845, 3. 

Magnetograph, vertical-force, of the Kew 
observatory, 1849, 86; 1850, 181; 1851, 
xxvii, 325, 330, 351, 360 ; 1859, 205. 

, horizontal-force, for the Toronto ob- 
servatory, 1849, 83. 

, vertical-force, for the Toronto ob- 
servatory, 1849, 86 ; 1850, 181. 



56 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



Magnetograph, declination, of the Kew ob- 
servatory, 1850, 178 ; 1851, 325, 328, 350, 
362 ; 1859, 202. 

, horizontal-force, of the Kew observa- 
tory, 1849, 82; 1850, 178; 1851, 325, 
329. 35i» 358; 1859, 204. 

Magnetographs of the Kew observatory. 
General Sabine on the, 1851, 325 ; report 
on the, by J. Welsh, 328. 

, self-recording, at the Kew observa- 
tory, account of tlie construction of the, 
by B. Stewart, 1859, 200 :— 

Sect. I. Preliminary description, aoi. 
Sect. II. Detailed description of the 
instruments : — 

1. Declination magnetograph, 202. 

2. Horizontal-force magnetograph, 

204. 

3. Verrtical-force magnetograph, 205. 

4. Registering cylinder and clock- 

work, 206. 
Sect. III. Description of the photo- 
graphic process, 206. 
jSect. IV. On the method of ascertain- 
ing the instrumental coefficients, 
tabulating from the curves, &c., 
222. 
Sect. V. Improvements in the construc- 
tion of a set of self-recording 
magnetographs, 228. 
Magnetometer, transportable, 1842, 8. 

, transportable, by Meyerstein, for the 

G-uiana survey, 1841, 40. 

, theodolite, 1858, 260. 

Magnets, M. Hansteen on the theory of, 

1835, 75- 
Malacopterygii of North America, Sir J. 
Richardson on the, 1836, 213, 217, 219. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on, 1840, 390. 

■ ■ of the seas of China and Japan, Sir 
J. Richardson on the, 1845, 287. 

, fossil, 1843, 205 ; of the London clay. 

Prof. Agassiz on the, 1844, 292, 307. 
Malacostraca, Rct. L. Jenyns on the, 1834, 
149, 193 ; p.oposed arrangement of, by 

C. Spence Bate, 1855, 21. 
Mammalia, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 

knowledge respecting the, 1834, 143- 
— — of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 137. 
of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

358,401 ; 1852, 291. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837,246. 

, fossil, of the United States, Prof. H. 

D. Rogers on the, 1834, 23. 

, fossil, British, report on, by Prof. 

Owen, 1842, 54-74: — 

Part I. Unguiculata and Cetacea : — 
Quadrumana, 55. 
Cheiroptera, 56. 
Insectivora, 57. 
Carnivora, 62. 
Cetacea, 72. 
Rodentia, 72. 
Marsupialia, 72. 
Addendum, 74. 



Mammalia, fossil, continued. 

Part II. Ungulata, 1843, 208-241 r— 
Order Paehydermata. 
Elephas, 208. 

Varieties. — Question of species, 209. 
Strata and localities, 216. 
Indications of the physical forces 
which operated on the unstratified 
drift containing bones and teeth 
of the Mammoth, 219. 
Mastodon, 219. 
Rhinoceros, 220. 
Hippopotamus, 223. 
Lophiodon, 224. 
Palgeotherium, 225. 
Anoplotherium, 225. 
Dichobunes, 225. 
Choeropotamus, 226. 
Hyracotherium, 226. 
Sus, 228. 
Equus, 230. 
Order Ruminantia. — Fam. Bovidse : 
Urus, 232. 
Bos, 233. 
Capra, 236. 
Cervus, 236. 
Capreolus, 236. 
Elaphus, 236. 
Dama, 237. 
Megaceros, 237. 
Conclusion, 239. 

, on the skull of, by Prof. Owen, 1846, 

189, 200, 213, 219, 240. 
Mammals, extinct, of Australia, Prof Owen's 
report on the, 1844, 223 : — 
Introduction. 

Diprotodon, species D. Australis, 224. 
Nototherium: 1. N. inerme, 231 ; 2. N. 
Mitchelli, 232. 
, list of, selected for observation of peri- 
odical phenomena, 1845,329, 334; 1850, 

341- 
Mammoth, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1843, 209. 
Man, vide Human race. 
Mandara language, 1847, 185. 
Mandingo languages, 1847, 162. 
Manganese, Prof Johnston on, 1831-32,476 ; 

in blood, 523. 

, red salts of, 1831-32, 482. 

in springs. Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 

Mangel-wurzel, Prof. Buckman's experi- 
ments on the growth of, 1859, 27 ; 1860, 

37- 
Manna sugar (Mannite), analysis of, 1831- 

32, 511. 
Manufactures of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 

1837, 325. 
, list of animal and vegetable products 

imported into Liverpool, Prof Archer's 

report on the, 1857, 254. 
, list of animal, vegetable, and mineral 

substances imported into the Clyde, M. 

Connal and W. Keddie's report on the, 

1858, 185. - 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OV SUBJECTS. 



57 



Manufactures, report of committee on the 

patent laws, 1858, 164 ; 1859, 191. 
Manures essential to cultivated crops, re- 
port on field experiments and laboratory- 
researches on the constituents of, by Dr. 
A. Voelcker, 1859, 31:— 
Field experiments, 31. 
Experiments upon swedes, 34. 
Experiments on turnips, 38. 
Field experiments upon wheat, 42. 
Maps, skeleton, for recording the distribu- 
tion of plants and animals, report of com- 
mittee on, 1840, 445 ; 1841, 327. 

of the monthly isothermal lines of 

the globe. Prof. Dove's, his remarks on 
the, 1848, 85. 

Mare Crisium and its shores. Prof. C. P. 

Smythe on the, 1854, 416. 
Margaritaceae, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of the, 1844, 

20; 1847, 95. 
Marine animals. Prof. E. Forbes on ^Egean 

invertebrata, 1843, 130; on the distribu- 
tion of, 152. 
zoology, British, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the investigation of, by means of the 

dredge, 1850, 192. 
invertebrate fauna, British, list of, by 

E. M'Andrew, 1860, 217. 
zoologv of Great Britain, reports on 

the, 1840;; 444; 1841, 331; 1842, 213; 

1844, 390; 1850,192; 1857, 104; 1858, 

176, 282; 1859, 116. 
Marmots of North America, 1836, 153. 
Mariotte, law of, Prof. Johnston on the, 

1831-32, 451. 
Marriages in large towns of Scotland, on the, 

1842, 134. 
Marsupialia of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 149. 

, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1842, 72. 

, pachydermoid, fossil, of Australia, 

Prof. Owen on the, 1844, 231. 
Martins and weasels. North American, 1836, 

141, 143 ; of Ireland, 1840, 359. 
Mastodon, fossil, of North America, Prof. 

H. D. Rogers on, 1834, 25. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1843, 

219. 
Materials, P. Barlow's report on the strength 

of, 1833, 93. 
Mathematics in Belgium, M. Quetelet on the 

state of, 1835, 35. 
Mazatlan Mollusca, list of the Reigen col- 
lection of, 1856, 243. 
Measurement of water by weir boards. Prof. 

J. Thomson on the, 1856, 46 ; 1858, 181 ; 

1860,217. 
Mechanico-chemical examination of rocks 

and minerals, A. Gages on the, 1859, 65. 
Mechanics in Belgium, M. Quetelet on, 

1835, 51. 
Medicinal plants. Prof. J. Buckman on the 

growth of some, 1857, 213. 

plants of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on 

the, 1837, 244. 



Medicinal springs, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, i. 
Medicines, report on the physiological action 

of, by J. Blake, 1843, 115; 1845, 82; 

1846, 27. 
Medulla oblongata, Dr. W. C. Henry on 

the, 1833, 72. 
Medusae of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 147, 152. 
Medusidse, British, 1860, 233. 
Megaceros Hibernicus, fossil. Prof. Owen 

on, 1843, 237. 
Megalosaurus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 

on, 1841, 103; 1859, 164. 
Megatherium, lecture on the fossil remains 

of, by Dr. Buckland, 1831-32, 104. 

, remains of. North America, 1834, 26. 

Meiocene formations of North America, 

Prof. H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 35. 
Meles, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1842, 

70. 
Meliboea of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 133, 186 ; Irish, 1843, 250. 
Melilotus, Prof. Buckman on the growth of, 

1857, 209. 
Melloni's thermomultiplier, 1835, 167. 
Memoirs, catalogue of philosophical, pre-* 

liminary report on, by A. Cayley, R. 

Grant, and Prof. Stokes, 1856, 463. 
, scientific, reports on the translation 

and publication of, 1840, 446 ; 1841, 

328 ; 1842, 210 ; 1843, 129. 
Mephitic air, paper on, by Cavendish, 1839, 

Mephitis Americana, Sir J. Richardson on, 

1836, 144. 

Mercantile steam transport economy, C. 
Atherton on, 1856, 423 ; 1857, 112; 1859, 
124. 

Mercurial dish, Cacciatore's, 1858, 73, 78. 

Merlinus of the London clay, 1844, 294, 
308. 

Meropidas of Dukhun, 1837, 248 ; Irish, 
1840, 372. 

MeruUdae of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 171. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 366. 

Metallic-plate engraving, as applied to orni- 
thology, Prof. Strickland on, 1844, 202. 

Metallic substitutions. Dr. T. Andrews on 
the heat developed in, 1849, 76. 

veins, R. W. Fox on the electricity of, 

1837, 133. 

Metals, precipitation of, from solutions in 
a malleable state. Prof. Johnston on the, 
1831-32, 467. 

, electro -negative. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 468. 

, electro-positive. Prof. Johnston on the 

reduction of, 1831-32, 475. 

, solution of, in nitric acid. Dr. T. An- 
drews on the, 1849, 74. 

, on the mechanical properties of, as 

derived from repeated meltings, by W. 
Fairbairn, 1853, 87. 

for ordnance, report of the committee 

on, 1855, 100. 



58 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Metals, report on the internal changes in the 

constitution of, 1843, 294. 
Metamerism, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

435 ; list of metameric bodies, 438. 
Metaphosphoric acid, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 458. 
Meteorites, 1849, a, 32, 33, 34, 35 ; 1850, 89, 

118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 125, 127; 1851, 

43, 46, 47 ; 1852, 239 ; 1855, 94 ; 1857, 

133, 140, 149, 150; 1858, 152; 1859, 93, 

94; 1860, 22, 48. 
, analysis of, 1849, 32, 33; 1850, 89, 

124, 125 ; 1857, 150. 
, phosphorus in, 1849, 33. 

and fireballs, catalogue of, by E,. P. 

Greg, 1860, 48. 

Meteorological instruments, report of com- • 
mittee appointed to provide, for the use 
of M. Agassiz and Mr. M'Cord, 1841, 41. 

— — instruments employed in the observa- 
tory at Senftenberg, self-registering, Baron 
Senftenberg on the, 1845, 108. 

observations, reports on the reduction 

of, 1839, 173; 1840, 432; 1841, 42; 
1842, 208 ; 1843, 60, 295. 

observations, hourly, at Plymouth, re- 
ports on the, by Sir W. S. Harris, 1835, 
181; 1838, 21; 1839,149; 1841, 328; 
1842, 30; 1843, 291. 

observations, hourly, in Scotland, re- 
ports on, by Sir D. Brewster, 1839, 27 ; 

1840, 349 ; 1841, 329 ; 1842, 206 ; 1843, 
292, 293 ; 1844, 391. 

— — observations in astronomical observa- 
tories. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1840, 143. 

observations, sedentary. Prof. J. D. 

Forbes on, 1840, 149 ; travelling, 151. 

■ observations, list of, in the possession 
of the Eoyal Society, 1845, 8. 

observations proposed to be established 

in the United States, Prof. Henry on the 
system of, 1851, 320. 

— — observations taken at St. Michael's, re- 
sults of, 1850, 133. 

and magnetical observations, simul- 
taneous, reports on, 1839, 31 ; 1840, 427 ; 

1841, 38; 1842, 1 ; 1843, 54; 1844, 143; 
1845, I. 

and magnetical observations, Dr. La- 

mont on the system of, on the Continent, 

1842, 207. 

observations at Southampton by J. 

Drew, 1851, 54. 

observations in the Bengal Presidency, 

Col. Sykes on, 1852, 252. 

and magnetic observatories, report for 

procuring a continuance of, 1858, 295. 

, electro-, observations at the Kew ob- 
servatory, 1844, 132; 1850, 179; 1851, 

357- 
register, electro-magnetic, of the Kew 

observatory. Prof. Wheatstone's report 

on the, 1843, xl. 
Meteorology, Prof. J. D. Forbes's report 

on, 1831-32, 196-258 :— 
Introduction. 



Meteorology, continued. 

Constitution of the atmosphere, 206. 

Temperature, 208. 

Atmospheric pressure, 225. 

Humidity, 239. 

Atmospheric phenomena and precipita- 
tions, 246. 

Rain, 249. 

Atmospheric electricity, 252. 

Aurora borealis, 254. 

, Supplementary report, 1840, 37- 

156:— 

Introduction, 37. 

I. Temperatiire, 42 :;r- 

A. Thermometers, 46. 

B . Atmospheric temperature, 50. 

C. Isothermal lines, 55. 

D. Decrease of temperature with 
height, 57. 

E. Radiation, 60. 

F. Proper temperature of the globe 
and of space, 66 ; solar heat, 68 ; 
atmospheric heat, 76 ; tempera- 
ture of space, 79 ; proper heat of 
the earth, 8 1 ; springs, 84. 

II. Atmospheric pressure : — 

A. Barometers, 85. 

B. Mean height of the barometer, 88. 

C. Barometric oscillations, 90. 

D. Barometric variation with height, 
92. 

III. Humidity:— 

A. Hygrometers, 95. 

B. Distribution of vapour in the at- 
mosphere, lOI. 

IV. Wind, 102 :— 

A. Anemometers, 103. 

B. Phenomena of wind generally, 104. 

C. Phenomena of storms, 109. 

V. Clouds, rain, iii. 

VI. Atmospherical electricity, 116. 

VII. Meteors, 117. 

VIII. Aurora borealis, 120. 

IX. Optical meteorology : — 

A. Colour of the sky and clouds, 120 ; 
dry fogs, 122 ; blue sun, 123 ; 
secondary sunset tints, 123; aerial 
shadows, 124 ; polarization of sky- 
light, 124. 

B. The rainbow, 125. 

C. Halos and parhelia, 130. 

D. Coronse, glories, &c., 135. 

X. Suggestions, 143 : — 

A. Public observatories, 143. 

B. Sedentary observations, 149. 

C. Travelling observations, 151. 
in Belgium, M. Quetelet on, 1835, 56. 

of Bengal, Col. Sykes on the, 1852, 

of Birmingham, W. Wills on the, 

1852, 297. 

of Bombay, General Sabine on the, 

1845, 73. 

of Toronto, Greneral Sabine on the, 

1844, 42 :— 

Introduction ; temperature, 43 ; aque- 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



59 



Meteorology of Toronto, continued. 

ous vapour, 47 ; atmospheric pres- 
sure, 50 ; mean monthly pressure, 
52 ; Postscript, 60. 
, on the wax-paper photographic pro- 
cess for photometeorographic registra- 
tions, 1859, 206, 220. 

, works on, 1831-32, 204; 1843, 56. 

Meteors, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1840, 117. 

, luminous, observations of, by Rev. 

Prof. PoweU and others, 1848, i ; 1849, i ; 
1850, 89 ; 1851, 1 ; 1852, 178 ; 1853, i ; 
1854, 386; 1855, 79; 1856, 53; 1857, 131; 
1858, 137; 1859,' 81; 1860, i. 

, luminosity of, from solar reflexion, 

on, 1860, 15 ; on the luminous trains left 
by, 15 ; on the duration of, 17 ; on the 
hypothesis that the intensity of the light 
of, is caused by the oxygen in the atmo- 
sphere, 18 ; list of 168 bolides observed 
from 1841-1853, 19 ; results of the most 
remarkable, as regards their general ob- 
served direction, 21. 

Miasms, or marshy exhalations, Dr. W. 
Henry on, 1834, 89. 

Microscopic structure of shells. Dr. Car- 
penter on the, 1844, i ; 1847, 93. 

structure of the integumentary skeleton 

of Crustacea, C. Spence Bate on the, 1855, 
38. 

sections of the skin and hairs of the 

Amphipoda, by C. Spence Bate, 1855, 61. 

Migration of birds. Sir J, Richardson on the, 
1836, 186. 

Milk, preparation for preserving, 1831-32, 
525. 

Mill, Whitelaw's, 1847, 149, 153. 

, Dr. Barker's, 1847, 148. 

Mills, sugar and oil, of Dukhun, 1837, 
278. 

Mineral chemistry. Rev. Dr. Whewell on, 
1831-32, 343 ; Prof. Johnston on, 484. 

compounds, on the application of iso- 
morphism to, 1831-32, 344, 424. 

compounds, artificial, 1831-32, 486. 

kingdom, typical epitome of the, for 

local museums, 1855, 125 ; 1856, 461. 

substances, forms of, 1831-32, 427 ; 

pseudomorphous, 1837, 195. 

substances imported into the Clyde, 

M. Connal and W. Keddie's report on, 
1858, 236. 

veins, report on the state of know- 
ledge respecting, by J. Taylor, 1833, i. 

and thermal waters, report on the state 

of our knowledge respecting, by Dr. Dau- 
beny, 1836, i ; works on, 76 ; catalogue 
of thermal springs, 80. 

waters, sulphur in. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 460 ; organic matter in, 521. 

Mineralogy, Rev. Dr. Whewell's report on, 
1831-32, 322-365 :— 
Introduction, 322. 

1. Physical characters of minerals, 325. 

2. Crystallography, 327. 

3. Optical properties of minerals, 335. 



Mineralogy, continued. 

4. Chemical mineralogy, 343. 

5. Classification of minerals, 350: — 

1 . Distinction of species. 

2. Systems of classification. 

3. Nomenclature. 

6. Particular discoveries and researches, 
362. 

, epitome of, for local museums, 1855, 

125. 

Minerals of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 
1837, 229. 

, report on the results obtained by the 

mechanico-chemical examination of, by 
A. Gages, 1859, 65. 

, octohedral, on the composition of, 

1831-32, 485. 

Mines, water-pressure engines for the drain- 
age of, J. Glynn on, 1848, 1 1. 

, R. W. Fox on the subterranean tem- 
perature of, 1837, 134; 1840, 309. 

in Cornwall, R. W. Fox's report on 

the temperature of, 1857, 96. 

in Ireland, report on the tempera- 
ture of, 1844, 221. 

Mining districts, lead-, of Yorkshire, S. Eddy 

on the, 1858, 167. 
records, establishment of a depository 

for, 1838, xxiii ; 1839, 174. 
MitcheU (Rev. J.) on earthquakes, 1850, 

Mitra of the .^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 
on the, 1843, 140, 191 ; South European, 
1850, 279 et seq. ; North-east Atlantic, 
1856, 1 52 ; West coast of North America, 
1856, 338. 

Mitscherlich's law of isomorphism, 1831-32, 

344. 422- 
Modiola, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell in the, 1847, 99. 
Mollusca, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 

knowledge respecting the, 1834, 213. 
of the jEgean Sea, report on the, by 

Prof. E. Forbes, 1843, 130-146 :— 

1. Cephalopoda, 131. 

2. Pteropoda, 131, 132. 

3. Nucleobranchiata, 131, 132. 

4. Gasteropoda Nudibranchiata, 132. 

Inferobranchiata, 133, 134. 
Tectibranchiata, 133, 134. 
Scutibranchiata, 133, 134. 
Cyclobranchiata, 133, 135. 
Cirrhobranchiata, 133, 135. 
Pulmonifera, 136. 
Pectinibranchiata, 136. 

5. Palliobranchiata, 141. 

6. Lamellibranchiata Dimyaria, 142 ; 

Monomyaria, 145. 

7. Tunicata, 146. 

Provinces of depth, 154. 
Appendix, 193. 
of the West coast of North Ame- 
rica, report on the state of knowkidge of 
the, by P. P. Carpenter, 1856, 159 :— 
Physical conditions, and cautions to be 
observed, 160. 



60 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Mollusca of W. coast of N. America, con- 
tinued. 

Sources of information in historical 

order, 167. 
Tabulated geographically and zoologi- 
cally, with remarks, 298. 

of the North-east Atlantic and neigh- 
bouring seas, report on the, by R. M'An- 
drew, 1856, 10 1. 

, British, list of, compiled by E. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 218. 

of the Frith of Clyde, 1856, 49. 

of Ireland, 1843, 247; 1852, 29a; 

1857, 104, 220; 1858, 178,262; 1859, 
80 ; 1860, 29. 

Mollusca, Acephala, 1834, 224; Mgeoxi, 
1843, 141; of Ireland, 1843, 259; 1852, 
292; 1857, 105, 225 ; British, 1850, 205, 
229; list of, 1860, 220; of the North-east 
Atlantic, &c., 1856, 102, 137, 138; of the 
West coast of North America, 1856, 298. 

, Brachiopoda, 1834, 224 ; of Ireland, 

1843, 259 ; of the West coast of North 
America, 1856, 298 ; North-east Atlantic, 
&c., 1856, 114; 1857, 108, 225; of the 
^gean Sea, 1843, 141, 193; British, 
1860, 222. 

, Cephalopoda, notice of memoirs on the, 

1834, 218 ; of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 131 ; 
of Ireland, 1843, 248 ; British, 1850, 241 ; 
list of, 1860, 218 ; of the North-east At- 
lantic, 1856, 133, 137; of the West coast 
of North America, 1856, 345. 

, Cirrhipeda, 1834, 225; Irish, 1843, 

265 ; 1852, 293 ; British, 1850, 244; 1860, 
226. 

— — , Cirrhobranchiata, of the ^gean Sea, 
1843, 133, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 259; 
British, 1850, 200, 220 ; 1860, 219; North- 
east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 117 ; West coast 
of North America, 1856, 317. 

— — , Cyclobranchiata, of the ^gean Sea, 
1843, 133, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 259; 
1857, 106; British, 1850, 200; 1860, 
219; North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 116, 
117. 

— — , G-asteropoda, Rev, L. Jenyns on the, 
1834, 223 ; of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 132; 
of Ireland, 1843, 249 ; 1852, 292 ; 1857, 
106, 225 ; of the North-east Atlantic, &c., 
1856, 115, 144; British, 1850,- 200, 220, 
260; 1860, 218; of the West coast of 
North America, 1856, 312. 

, Lamellibranchiata, of the jEgean Sea, 
1843, 142 ; of Ireland, 1843, 260; 1852, 
293 ; 1857, 105, 221 ; of the West coast 
of North America, 1856, 299 ; South Eu- 
ropean, 1850, 264, 265 ; British, 1850, 
205, 230, 259; 1860, 220. 

■ , Nucleobranchiata, of the jEgean Sea, 

1843, 131, 186; of Ireland, 1843, 249. 

— — , Nudibranchiata, British, report on the, 
by J. Alder and A. Hancock, 1844, 24. 

, Nudibranchiata, of the ^Egean Sea, 
1843, 132, 186; of Ireland, 1843, 250; 
1852, 202; British, 1850, 241; 1856, 



50 ; 1860, 220 ; of the West coast of 
North America, 1856, 312. 

Mollusca, Palliobranchiata, 1834, 224; of 
the ^gean Sea, 1843, 141, 193 ; of the 
West coast of North America, 1856, 298 ; 
South European, 1850, 265; of the North- 
east Atlantic, 1856, 1 14 ; of Ireland, 1843, 
259 ; 1857, 108, 225 ; British, 1850, 260 ; 
1860, 222. 

, Pectinibranchiata, of the ^gean Sea, 

1843, 136, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 254; 
1852, 292 ; South European, 1850, 266 ; 
of the West coast of North America, 
1856, 323 ; British, 1860, 218. 

, Pteropoda, 1834, 223 ; of the -ZEgean 

Sea, 1843, 131, 132; of Ireland, 1843, 
249 ; of the North-east Atlantic, «fec., 
1856, 114, 144; South European, 1850, 
293 ; British, 1850, 260 ; I860,' 220. 

, Pulmonifera, report on the distribu- 
tion of, in the British Isles, by Prof. E. 
Forbes, 1839, 127. 

' , Pulmonifera, ^gean, 1843, 136; 

Irish, 1843, 252, 254; 1852, 292; West 
coast of North America, 1856, 313; South 
European, 1850, 268 et seq. 

, Scutibranchiata, of the JEgean Sea, 

1843, 133, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 258; 
British, 1850, 200; 1860, 219; South 
European, 1850, 265 ; of the West coast 
of North America, 1856, 317. 

, Tectibranchiata, of the ^gean Sea, 

1843, 133, 187; of Ireland, 1843, 251; 
1852, 292; South European, 1850, 265; 
of the West coast of North America, 
1856, 313 ; British, list of, 1860, 219. 

, testaceous, of Dukhun, 1837, 252 ; 

of the iEgean Sea, 1843, 156 ; of Ireland, 
1843, 252; 1852, 292; 1857, 105, 220; 
1858, 283; South European, 1850, 264; 
of the North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, loi ; 
of the West coast of North America, 
1856, 298 ; British, 1850, 200, 220, 248 ; 
1860, 218. 

, Tunicata, 1834, 224; Irish, 1843, 

264; 1852,292; 1857, 105, III; of the 
^gean Sea, 1843, 146; British, 1850, 
241 ; list of, 1860, 222. 

and other marine animals, report on 

the distribution and range in depth of, 
observed on the coasts of Spain, Portugal, 
Barbary. Malta, and Southern Italy, by 
R. M Andrew, 1850, 264. 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 

114. 

, Mazatlan, list of the Reigen collec- 
tion of, 1856, 243. 

, fossil, of the upper Silurians, 1859, 

, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, i. 

— — , instructions for observing the periodic 
phenomena of, 1845, 329 ; 1850, 343. 

, vide Dredging, Shells, &c. 

Molluscous animals, effect of metallic poi- 
sons on, 1843, 25. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



61 



Monatomic substances, Gr, C. Foster and 

Dr. Odlingon, 1859, 3. 
Monkeys, American, 1836, 137. 

, Dukhun, 1837, 246. 

Monomorphous bodies, Prof. Johnston on, 

1837, 175. 
Monomyaria of the iEgean Sea, Prof. E. 

Forbes on the, 1843, 145, 192. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 260; 1852, 293. 

Moon, Greenwich observations of the, re- 
ports on the reduction of, 1838, 315; 

1840, 423. 

, phenomena recorded by photography, 

by W. De la Kue, 1859, 140. 
, stereoscopic pictures of the, W. De la 

Kue on, 1859, 143. 
, its influence on the temperature of the 

air, by J. P. Harrison, 1857, 248 ; 1859, 

193. 
, the old planets and their satellites, ac- 
count of the principal observations, tables, 

&c. of the, 1831-32, 149. 
Moon's surface, reports of committee on the 

physical character of the, as compared with 

that of the earth, 1853, 84; 1854, 415. 
Morin's compteur, 1841, 308. 
Morphology of plants. Dr. Lindley on the 

theory of, 1833, 50. 
Mortality of large towns in Scotland, on 

the, 1842, 147. 
Mosasaurus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 144. 

Moseley's indicator for steam-engines, 1841, 

310. 
Mosses, Prof. Henfrey on the reproduction 

of, 1851, 104, 122. 
Moulting, the process of, in the Amphi- 

poda, C. Spence Bate on, 1855, 41. 
Mozambique languages, 1847, 193. 
Mugilidse, Irish, 1840, 388 ; British, 1844, 

302. 

of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 247. 

of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 207, 211. 

— — of New Zealand, Sir J, Richardson on 
the, 1842, 22. 

Mullidfe of New Zealand, 1842, 17; of the 
China and Japan seas, 1845, 219. 

Mural circle, Troughton's, 1831-32, 132. 

Muriate of phosphuretted hydrogen. Prof. 
Johnston on the, 1831-32, 464. 

Muriatic acid in springs connected with 
volcanos, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 27. 

Muricidse of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. 
Forbes on the, 1843, 139, 190; South 
European, 1850, 267 ; North-east Atlantic, 
1856, 133; West coast of North Ame- 
rica, 1856, 343 ; British, 1850, 203, 226 ; 
1860, 218. 

Muridae of North America, 1836, 154; 
Irish, 1840, 360. 

Muscicapidae of North America, 1836, 172 ; 
of Dukhun, 1837, 248; Irish, 1840, 
366. 



Muscular system in the freshwater Polyzoa, 
Prof. Allman on the, 1850, 314. 

Museums, ornithological, 1844, 215. 

, local, on typical objects in natural 

history adapted to, 1855, 108 ; 1856, 
461. 

Mustelidae of the seas of Japan and China, 
Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 195. 

Myaceae, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shells of, 1844, 4, 10; 1847, 103, 
131. 

Myliobatidae of New Zealand and the China 
Sea, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1842, 30 ; 
1845, 198. 

Myodora, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of the, 1847, 103, 105, 131. 

Myosotis, experiments on the growth of, 
by Prof. Buckman, 1859, 25; 1860, 42. 

Myriapoda, on the state of our know- 
ledge of the, by Rev. L. Jenyns, 1834, 204. 

Mytilacea?, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of, 1844, 
20 ; 1847, 99. 

Mytilidffi, Irish, 1843, 260; 1852, 293; 1857, 
105 ; ^gean, 1843, 145 ; South Euro- 
pean, 1850, 265 ; West coast of North 
America, 1856, 248 ; North-east Atlantic, 
&c., 1856, hi; British, 1850, 209, 235; 
1860, 221. 

Nais, Dr. T.Williams on the genus, 1851, 167, 
177, 182, 218, 224, 238, 247, 252, 263. 

Naphthaline, on preparing, 1831-32, 519. 

Natatores of North America, 1836, 183, 196; 
of Dukhun, 1837, 251; of Ireland, 1840, 
377 ; 1852, 291. 

Natatoria (Amphipoda), British, C. Spence 
Bate on, 1855, 57. 

Naticidas, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 258 ; 1852, 292. 

Natural history, instructions for the observa- 
tion of periodical phenomena, 1845, 321. 

history, report on typical objects in, 

adapted to local museums, 1855, 108 ; 
1856,461. 

Nautilus, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of, 1847, 116. 

Naval architecture, museum of, at Liver- 
pool, 1857, 308. 

, vide Ships and Steam-ships. 

Nayadeae, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shells of, 1844, 21 ; 1847, 
96. 

Negera of the Mgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 
on the, 1843, 143, 191. 

Nebulae, notices of observations of, by G. 
B. Airy, 1831-32, 146. 

observed by Lord Rosse in his six-feet 

reflector, 1849, 53. 

Nebulosity of the solar system, R. Mallet 
on the hypothesis of the, 1847, 56. 

Needle, magnetic. Prof, Christie on its va- 
riation, 1833, 106 ; on the change in its 
direction, 107 ; on the diurnal change in 
the variation, io8 ; on the dip of, 109 ; 
on the variation of the dip, no. 



62 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Needle, magnetic, on the change which takes 

place in the diurnal variation of the, in 

different months of the year, 1854, 357. 
Nematoidea, British, 1860, 229. 

, Irish, 1843, 277. 

Nemertina, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 271; 1852, 295. 
Nemertinidae, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 

238. 
Nephthys, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 

1851, 174, 188, 199, 215, 235. 
Nereidse, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 

168, 174, 187, 191, 197, 211, 230. 

, British, 1860, 227. 

Nereidina, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 273. 
Nerine, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 1851, 

199, 213, 234. 
Nervous system, Dr. W. C. Henry's report 

on the physiology of the, 1833, 59-91 : — 
Introduction. Cerebrum, 63 ; cerebel- 
lum, 68 ; medulla oblongata, 72 ; 
spinal marrow, 74; nerves, 80; the 
sympathetic or ganglionic system, 88. 

system, report of committee on the 

pathology of the, 1836, 283. 

system of the Annelida, 1851, 266. 

system of the Amphipoda, 1855, 56. 

Newton's rings, 1831-32, 316; 1834, 365; 
1840, 136. 

Nitrate of barytes and sulphate of mag- 
nesia, or sulphate of soda, or sulphate 
of zinc, or sulphate of copper, or sul- 
phuric acid, heat of combinations of, 
1849, 73, 74. 

Nitric acid. Prof. Johnston on the action of 
sulphuretted hydrogen on, 1831-32, 460. 

acid in mineral springs, Dr. Daubeny 

on, 1836, 28. 

acid, solution of metals in. Dr. T. An- 
drews on, 1849, 74. 

acid, solution of zinc in, heat of com- 
bination of, 1849, 75. 

acid, solution of copper in, heat of 

combination of, 1849, 75. 

Nitrogen, method of preparing, 1831-32, 455. 

— — in thermal and cold springs, Dr. Dau- 
beny on, 1836, 39, 71. 

Nomenclature of anatomy. Prof. Owen on 
the, 1846, 169. 

of the Annelida, Dr. T. Williams on 

the, 1851, 159. 

, mineralogical. Rev. Dr. Whewell on, 

1831-32, 361. 

, zoological, report on, 1842, 105 ; 

1843, 119. 

of the stars, 1839, 172; 1840, 426; 

1841,44; 1843,292; 1844, 32. 

■ of organic compounds. Dr. Daubeny 
on the, 1851, 124. 

Normalia (Amphipoda), British, C. Spence 
Bate on the, 1855, 57 ; I860, 223. 

Notation, chemical, 1831-52, 345, 445; 
1835, 207. 

Notidanidae of the China Sea, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1845, 195. 



Nototherium, fossil, of Australia, Prof. 

Owen on the, 1844, 231. 
Nubian languages, 1847, 197. 
Nucleobranchiata of the ^gean Sea, Prof. 
E. Forbes on the, 1843, 131, 186. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

249. 
Nucula, jEgean, Prof. E. Forbes on the, 1843, 
145, 192. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shell of the, 1847, 10 1, 131. 
Nudibranchiata of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 
133, 186; of Ireland, 1843, 250; 1852, 
292 ; of the West coast of North America, 
1856, 312 ; British, 1850, 241 ; 1856, 50 ; 
1860, 220. 

, British, report on the, by J. Alder 

and A. Hancock, 1844, 24. 
Nufi language, 1847; 174. 
Numbers, theory of, report on the, by Prof. 
H. J. S. Smith, 1859, 228-267:— 
Part I. 
Theory of congruences, 230. 
Definition of a congruence, 230. 
Solution of a congruence, 230. 
Systems of residues, 231. 
Linear congruences, 231. 
Systems of linear congruences, 232. 
Fermat's theorem, 233. 
Lagrange's hmit of the number of roots 

of a congruence, 235. 
Theory of the residues of powers, 

235- 

Primitive roots, 236. 

Indices, 237. 

Quadratic residues, 240. 

Legendre's law of reciprocity, 241. 

Jacobi's extension of Legendre's symbol, 
242. 

Gauss's first demonstration, 243. 

second, third, and fifth demon- 
strations, 245. 

fourth demonstration, 246. 

sixth demonstration, 248. 

Algorithm for the determination of the 

value of the symbol ( — \ 250. 

Biquadratic residues, 251. 

Theory of complex numbers, 252. 

Fermat's theorem for complex nimibers, 
254. 

Law of quadratic reciprocity for com- 
plex numbers, 254. 

Reciprocity of biquadratic residues, 

Biquadratic residues — researches of 
Eisenstein, 256. 

Application of the Lemniscate functions 
to the biquadratic theorem, 260. 

Cubic residues, 264. 
Part II., 1860, 120. 

Residues of the liigher powers. — Re- 
searches of Jacobi, 120. 

Necessity for the introduction of ideal 
primes, 121. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



63 



Numbers, theory of, continued. 

Elementary definitions relating to com- 
plex numbers, 122. 

Complex units, 123. 

Gauss's equations of the periods, 125. 

The period-equations considered as con- 
gruences, 127. 

Conditions for the divisibility of the 
norm of a complex number by a real 
prime, 129. 

Definition of ideal prime factors, 130. 

Elementary theorems relating to ideal 
factors, 131, 

Classification of ideal numbers, 132. 

Eepresentation of ideal numbers as the 
roots of actual numbers, 133. 

The number of classes of ideal num- 
bers, 134. 

Criterion of the divisibility of H by \, 
136. 

"Exceptional" primes, 138. 

Fermat's theorem for complex primes, 

139- 

M. Kummer's law of reciprocity, 140. 

The theorems complementary to M. 
Kummer's law of reciprocity, 141. 

Complex numbers composed of roots of 
unity, of which the index is not a 
prime, 145. 

Application to the theory of the di- 
vision of the circle, 147. 

Application to the last theorem of For- 
mat, 148. 

Application to the theory of numerical 
equations, 152. 

Tables of complex primes, 153. 

Solution of binomial congruences, 155. 

Solution of the congruence o;"^!, mod 

P^ 155- 
Cubic and biquadratic congruences, 158. 
Quadratic congruences — ^indirect me- 
thods of solution, 159. 
Gbneral theory of congruences, 161. 
Extension of Fermat's theorem, 163. 
Imaginary solutions of a congruence, 

165. 
Congruences having powers of primes 

for their modules, 165. 
Binomial congruences having a power 

of a prime for their modulus, 167. 
Primitive roots of the powers of a 

prime, 168. 
Case when the modulus is a power 

of 2, 168. 
Composite modules, 168. 
Binon^ial congruences with composite 

modules, 169. 
Primitive roots of the powers of complex 

primes, 170. 
Additions to Part I., 170. 
Nutation, constant of. Rev. Dr. T. R, Ro- 
binson on the determination of the, by 
the Greenwich observations, 1837, 127. 
Nutrition of animals, J. Blake on an im- 
portant chemical law in the, 1846, 
30- 



Nymphaceae, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of the, 1847, 



Oats, on the transmutation of, by Prof. 
Buckman, 1857, 206 ; 1859, 30. 

Observatory of Armagh and of Dublin, 
determination of the arc of longitude be- 
tween the, 1839, 19. 

, Bombay, 1845, 75. 

, Cambridge, 1831-32, 129, 181. 

, Cape of Good Hope, 1831-32, 129 ; 

1839, 172; 1841, 351 ; 1842,4; 1844, 144. 

, Dublin, 1831-32, 129, 131. 

, Greenwich, 1831-32, 126, 129, 131. 

, Kew, 1843, xxxix; 1844, xUx, 120; 

1845, 341; 1846, xvii; 1848, xvii; 1849, 
xvi, 80, 113; 1850, XX, 176; 1851, xxvii, 
325, 328, 335; 1852, xxviii; 1853, xxix ; 
1854, xxvii ; 1855, xxx ; 1856, xxx ; 1857, 
xxxi ; 1858, xxxiii ; 1859, xl, 200 ; 1860, 
xxxi ; short description of the, xli. 

, Liverpool, report of the committee on 

the establishment of, 1838, 316. 

, Paramatta, 1831-32, 130. 

, Philadelphia, 1842, 209. 

, Senftenberg, 1845, 108. 

, Simla, 1845, 4. 

, St. Helena, 1841, 349, 352 ; 1844, 144. 

, Toronto, 1841, 340 ; 1842, 5 ; 1844, 

144; 1848, 99. 

, Trevandrum, 1841, 347. 

, electrical, for transport, 1851, 338. 

Observatories, a short general historv of, by 
G. B. Airy, 1831-32, 126. 

, public. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1840, 

143- 

, magnetic, British Colonial, on some 

of the results obtained at the, 1854, 355. 

, magnetic, of Russia, 1840, 432. 

Odorin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 526. 

OEnone, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 
1851, 210, 230. 

Oil of bitter almonds, metamorphic, 1831- 
32, 503. 

of turpentine, artificial camphor, analy- 
sis of, 1831-32, 512. 

■ , animal, substances obtained from, 

1831-32, 526. 

Oils, essential, Dr. Daubeny on the nomen- 
clature of the, 1851, 127. 

Olanin, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 526. 

Olbers's comet, 1831-32, 161. 

Oliva, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shell of the, 1847, 109. 

Onchus, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 87 ; 
1843, 194, 195. 

Oolitic Echinodermata, Dr. T. Wright on 
the stratigraphical distribution of the, 
1856, 396. 

system. Prof. Agassiz on the British 

fossil fishes of the, 1843, 199. 

Opheliadse, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
216, 236. 

, British, 1860, 228. 

Ophidia, American, 1836, 200. 



64 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Ophidia, fossil, Prof. Owen on the, 1841, 

1 80; 1859, 166. 
OpMuroidea of Ireland, W. Thompson on 

the, 1843, 279. 
of the yEgean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 148, 149. 
, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shell of, 1847, 126. 

, British, 1860, 230. 

, ooHtic, Dr. T. Wright on the, 1856, 

398, 402. 
Opisthobranchiata of the West coast of 

North America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 

1856, 312. 
— — , British, list of, 1860, 219. 
Opium, immediate principles obtained from 

it, 1831-32, 513. 
Optical properties of minerals, Eev. Dr. 

Whewellon, 1831-32, 335. 
meteorology. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1840, 120. 
Optics, report on the progress of, by Sir D. 

Brewster, 1831-32, 308. 
, physical, Rev. Dr. II. Lloyd's report on 

the progress of, 1834, 295-413: — 
Part I. Unpolarized light, 297. 

1. Propagation of light. — Principle 

of interference, 297. 

2. Reflexion and refraction of light, 

305- 

3. Diifraction, 323. 

4. Colours of thin and thick plates, 

338. 
Part II. Polarized Hght, 350. 

1. Polarization, — Transversal vibra- 

tions, 350. 

2. Reflexion and refraction of pola- 

rized light, 356. 

3. Double refraction, 375. 

4. Colours of crystalline plates, 395. 
, vide Light. 

Orbicula, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, .18. 
Orchestidai, British, C. Spence Bate on the, 

1855, 57. 
Ordnance survey of Scotland, memorial re- 
lative to the, 1851, 370. 
Ordnance, report of committee on metals 

for, 1855, 100. 
Organic bodies, influences of light on, list 

of memoirs, &c. on, 1850, 153. 
— chemistry, report on the progress of, 
by Prof. Johnston, 1831-32, 496. 

chemistry applied to physiology and 

pathology, abstract of Liebig's report on, 
1842, 42. 

chemistry, report on the progress of, 

by G. C. Foster and Dr. OdHng, 1859, i. 
compounds, Dr. Daubeny on the no- 
menclature of, 1851, 124: — 
Introduction. 
Part I. On the classes of organic bodies, 

126. 
Part II. On the terminations of the 
words designating the members of 
each glass, 131. 



Organic matter in springs, 1831-32, 521; 

1836, 30. 
matter, porous strata, and water, action 

of, on the air and water of towns, by Dr. 

R. A. Smith, 1851, 66. 
and inorganic substances, R. Mallet on 

the action of heat of 212° Fahr. on, 1838, 

313- 

remains discovered in New Jersey, 

Delaware, and Alabama, Prof. H. D. 
Rogers on the, 1834, 61. 

Ornithological works and monographs, Prof. 
Strickland's list of, 1844, 173. 

Ornithology of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 164. 

, report on the progress of, by Prof. H. 

E. Strickland, 1844, 170-221 :— 
Introduction, 170. 

1. Oeneral systematic works, 173. 

2. Works descriptive of the ornitho- 
logy of particular regions, 180. 

3. Ornithological monographs, 196. 

4. Miscellaneous descriptions of spe- 
cies, 199. 

5. Progress of the pictorial art as ap- 
plied to ornithology, 201. 

6. Anatomy and physiology of birds, 
204. 

7. Fossil ornithology, 209. 

8. Ornithological museums, 215. 

9. Desiderata of ornithology, 217. 
• , vide Birds. 

Osier's anemometer, at Plymouth, 1838, 21 ; 

1844, 241; at Birmingham, 1840, 321; 
at Edinburgh, 1840, 435; at Inverness, 
1841, 329 ; 1842, 206 ; at Liverpool, 

1855, 127. 

anemometer, description of, 1844, 253, 

258; 1846, 343. 

Osmium, salts of, on their action when in- 
troduced into the blood, by J. Blake, 1846, 
27. 

Osteolepis, fossil, Prof. Agassiz on, 1842, 87 ; 
1843, 194. 

Osteology of fish, Prof. Agassiz on the, 1844, 
285. 

— ■ — of man. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 169- 

Ostinopterygii [Ossei] of the China and 
Japan seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 

1845, 199, 317. 

Ostracese, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shells of the, 1844, 19. 

Ostracoda, British, 1860, 225. 

Ostrapoda, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 270 ; 1852, 294. 

Ostreada;, ^gean, 1843, 146; Irish, 1843, 
260 ; 1857, 105, 107, 108, 109 ; British, 
1860, 220; South European, 1850, 265 ; 
of the West coast of North America, 

1856, 312. 

Ostrich, Prof. Owen on the skull of the, 

1846, 190, 200, 201, 224. 

Otter of North America, 1836, 145 ; Irish, 

1840,359. 
Ox, British, fossil remains of. Prof. Owen 

on the, 1843, 233. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



65 



Oxacids of cyanogen, Pro£ Johnston on the, 

1831-32, 467. 
Oxalic acid and acetate of barjtes, or acetate 

of lead, Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of 

combinations of, 1849, 74. 
Oxamid, Prof, Johnston on, 1831-32, 505. 
Oxide of bismuth, Prof, Johnston on the, 

1831-32, 478, 
of zinc, Prof, Johnston on, 1831-32, 

477. 
Oxides, use of isomorphism in determining 

the compositions of, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-^2, 422. 

of chlorine and iodine, 1831-32, 465. 

Oxygen in thermal waters, Dr. Daubeny on, 

1836, 42, 79. 
gas, combustions in, Dr. T. Andrews 

on the heat produced by, 1849, 76. 
Oyster-beds and oysters of the British 

shores, first report on the, by T. C. Ey- 

ton, 1856, 368. 
Ozone, Prof, Schonbein on, 1840, 214; 

1845, 91. 

Pachyderm, Prof. Owen on the sktdl-bones 

of a, 1846, 297. 
Pachydermata of North America, Sir J. 

Kichardson on the, 1836, 159. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1843, 208. 

• , descriptions of certain fossils indica- 
tive of the former existence in Australia 
of large marsupial representatives of the, 
by Prof. Owen, 1844, 223. 

Paints and varnishes to prevent the corro- 
sion of iron, on, 1838, 287 ; 1840, 238- 
246 ; 1843, 19, 23. 

Palaeontology, Eev. W. D. Conybeare's re- 
port on, 1831-32, 402. 

, vide Greology. 

Palajophis toliapicus, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 
180. 

Palaeosaurus cylindrodon. Prof. Owen on, 
1841, i; P. platyodon, 154. 

Pal^eotherium, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 
on, 1843, 225. 

Palladium, chloride of, Dr. J. Blake on its 
influence when injected into the veins, 
1845, 83. 

Pallas, planet, discovery of, 1831-32, 157. 

PalHobranehiata, Dr. Carpenter on the mi- 
croscopic structure of the shells of the, 

1844, 16. 

Palmic and elardic acids, Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32, 505. 
Paludicella, Prof. Allman on the polyzoon, 

1850,337. 
Paludinida of the West coast of North 

America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 

326. 
Pandora, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of, 1847, 105, 132. 
Paper ruled in squares, report of committee 

on, 1840, 436. 
Papilionaceous plants, experiments on the 

growth of, by Prof. Buckman, 1857, 208. 



Parabola, Rev. Dr. J. Booth on the trigono- 
metry of the, 1856, 68. 
Paraffin, Prof, Johnston on, 1831-52, 519, 

52^7- 

Paranthine, green, from Arendal, analysis of, 
1844, 165. 

Paratartaric acid. Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 
32, 500. 

Parexus recurvus, fossil, 1843, 194. 

Parhelia and halos, Prof. J, D. Forbes on, 
1840, 130. 

Parsnips, wild, experiments on the growth 
of, by Prof, Buckman, 1857, 212 ; 1859, 
29 ; 1860, 37. 

Parthenia of the M^oxi Sea, 1843, 136, 
188; Irish, 1843, 255; West coast of 
North America, 1856, 334, 

Patella Itevis and P. pellucida, C. W. Peach 
on, 1843, 129. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shell of the, 1847, 113, 132. 

Patellidae of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 135, 
188 ; Irish, 1843, 258 ; of the North-east 
Atlantic, 1856, 146 ; of the West coast of 
North America, 1856, 318; of Strang- 
ford Lough, 1857, 106, 107, 109, 

Patent laws, report of committee on the, 
by W. Fairbairn, 1858, 164; 1859, 191. 

Pathology, organic chemistry applied to, 
1842, 42. 

, on the effects of acrid poisons on tibe 

mucous membrane, 1835, 211, 235. 

Pectic acid, Dr. Schunck on, 1847, 143. 

Pectinibranchiata of the ^Egean Sea, 1843, 
136, 188; of Ireland, 1843, 254; 1852, 
292 ; South European, 1850, 266 ; North- 
east Atlantic, 1856, 146 ; of the West 
coast of North America, 1856, 323 ; Bri- 
tish, 1860, 218. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shells of the, 1847, 112, 116. 

Pectinibranchii of North America, 1836, 
204; of Ireland, 1840, 384; 1852, 291 ; 
of New Zealand, 1842, 15; British, 1844, 
302 ; of the Seas of China and Japan, 
1845, 221. 

Pectinida of Ireland, 1843, 260; 1852, 293 ; 
of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 146, 192; South 
European, 1850, 265 ; of the West coast 
of North America, 1850, 311; British, 
1860, 220. 

• , Dr. Carpenter on the microscopical 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 19 ; 1847, 

95' no- 
Pectunculus, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 

of the shell of, 1847, 10 1. 
Pedicellarise, Dr. Carpenter on the, 1847, 

125. 
Pegasidre of the China and Japan seas. Sir 

J. Richardson on the, 1845, 202. 
Pelagidae, British, 1860, 233, 
Pelecanidse of North America, 1836, 184; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 251 ; Irish, 1840, 380. 
Pendulum experiments, G. B. Airy on, 1831- 

32, 165. 
Pentacrinidse, oolitic, 1856, 403. 



REPORTS, ETC. ^INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Pentacrinus, Dr. Carpenter on the sfcmcture 

of the shell of, 1847, 126, 134. 
Peracle, the. Prof. E. Forbes on, 1843, 186. 
Perchloric acid. Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32, 466. 
Perchlorine ether. Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32, 519. 
Percidae of North America, 1836, 204, 208 ; 

Irish, 1840, 384; 1852, 290; British, 

1844, 302; of New Zealand, 1842, 15; 

of New Holland, 1842, 17 ; of the China 

and Japan seas, 1845, 221. 
, fossil, 1843, 205 ; of the London clay, 

Prof. Agassiz on, 1844, 286, 307. 
Psrcina of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Eichardson on the, 1845. 210, 319. 
Periodic phenomena of plants and animals, 

reports On the registration of, 1845, 321 ; 

1849, 78; 1850, 338-357. 
Periodopharyngei of the China and Japan 

seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 247. 
Permian system. Prof. Agassiz on the Bri- 
tish fossil fishes of the, 1843, 198. 
magn'esian limestones, A. Gages on 

the, 1859, 66. 
Perna, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 9, 20. 
Peroxalate of iron. Prof. Johnston on the 

action of light upon, 1831-32, 482. 
Persulphuret of tellurium. Prof. Johnston 

on, 1831-32,474. 
Peruvian bark, mode of testing, 1831-32, 

508. 
Petromyzddae of North America, 1836, 222 ; 

Irish, 1840, 399 ; of New Zealand, 1842, 

Phaneropleuron Andersoni of the Dura 
Den yellow sandstone, 1860, 33. 

Pharyngognathi of the China and Japan 
seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 

255»3^o- 

Phascolotherium, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 
on the, 1842, 73. 

Phasianidae or Pavonidse, North American, 
1836, 180 ; of Dukhun, 1837, 250. 

Philological and physical researches, as ap- 
plied to the history of the human species, 
by Dr. Prichard, 1831-32, 529. 

Philology, Indo-German, Rev. Dr. J. W. 
Donaldson on two unsolved problems in, 
1851, 138. 

, ethnographical, Dr. R. G. Latham on, 

1847, 154:— 
Part I. Africa, 

I. The Woloff language, 159. 
II. The Mandingo languages, 162. 

III. The Feloop languages, 168. 

IV. From Cape Mesurado to the Ga- 

boon river, 168. 
V. TheBegharmi language, 182. 
VI. The Bergoo or Mobba language, 

183. 
VII. The Bomu language, 1 84. 
VIII. The Mandara language, 185. 
IX. The Howssa languages, 185. 
X. The Sungai language, 186. 



, ethnographical, continued. 

The Fulah group of languages, 

188. 
TheCaffre class of languages, 189. 
The Hottentot language, 196. 
The Nubian class of languages, 

197. 
The Fazoglo languages, 202. 
The Bisharye language, 204. 
The ^thiopic class of languages, 

204. 
The Agow languages, 205. 
The Galla class of languages, 205. 
The Gonga class of languages, 

206. 
The Shangalla or Shankala lan- 
guages, 207. 
The Dalla language, 207. 
The Takue (or Boje) and Barea 

language, 208. 
The Coptic language, 210. 
The Berber group of languages, 

210. 
Unplaced languages, 213. 
The Sereres language, 213. 
The Serawoolli or Seracolet Ian- 



Philology 
XI. 

XII. 
XIIL 
XIV. 

XV. 

XVI. 

XVII. 

XVIII. 

XIX. 

XX. 

XXI. 

XXII. 
XXIII. 

XXIV. 
XXV. 

XXVI. 

XXVII. 

guage, 214. 
XXVIII. The Akvambu language, 215. 
XXIX. The Tibboo language, 215. 

Geographical distribution of languages, 

215. 
On the relations between the higher 
groups of languages, 217. 

, vide Ethnology. 

Philosophical memoirs, report of committee 
to consider the formation of a catalogue 
of the, 1856,463. 
Phocida?, Irish, 1840, 362. 
Pholas lamellata, C.W.Peach on, 1843, 129; 

P. dactylus and P. parva, 130. 
Phosphates of lead. Prof. Johnston on the, 

1831-32, 484. 
Phosphoric acid, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32,457.. 

acid in mineral waters, Dr. Daubeny 

on, 1836, 19. 

acid, J. Blake on its action when in- 
jected into the veins, 1843, 118. 

Phosphorus, experiments with, by Prof. 
Schonbein, 1845, 92 ; on the phenomena 
it exhibits when placed in moist atmo- 
spheric air, 97. 

in certain meteoric irons, W. W. Smyth 

on, 1849, 33. 

and chlorine, sulphuret of, Pro€ 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 463 

Phosphuret of copper. Prof. Johnston on, 
18;n-32, 479. 

Phosphuretted hydrogen, muriate, hydrio- 
date, and hydrobromate of, Prof. Johnston 
on, 1831-32, 464. 

Photo-barometrograph at the Kew observa- 
tory, description of the, 1851, 346. 

Photochemical researches, by Prof. Bunsen 
of Heidelberg and Dr. H. E. Roscoe, 
1856, 62 :— 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



67 



Photochemical researches, continued. 
Introduction. 

Photochemical induction, 65. 
Eeduction of the chemical action of 
light to an absolute measure, 67. 
Photographic image, report on the state of 
our knowledge regarding the, by Messrs. 
Maskelyne, Hadow, Hardwich, and Llew- 
elyn, 1859, 103. 

process, wax-paper, employed for pho- 

tometeorographic registrations at the Ead- 
cliffe observatory, by W. Crookes, 1859, 
206 ; supplementary notes by C. Cham- 
bers, 220. 
Photography, celestial, in England, report 
on the state of, by Warren De la Kue, 
1859, 130:— 

Parti. 
Historical outline, 131. 
The photographic picture compared 

with the optical image, 132. 
Kelative advantages of reflecting and 
refracting telescopes for photo- 
graphy, 133. 
Actual process employed at the Cran- 

ford observatory, 133. 
Desiderata in the machinery for 

driving the telescope, 138. 
Degree of perfection hitherto at- 
tained in lunar photography, 139. 
Lunar phenomena recorded by pho- 
tography, 140. 
Stereoscopic pictures of the moon, 

143. 
Value of photography in the pro- 
duction of selenographical charts, 
147- 
Photography of the planets, 147. 
Loss of the actinic rays by reflexion, 
149. 

Part II. 
Photoheliography at the Kew ob- 
servatory, 149. 
Photoheliograph of the Kew observatory, 
description of the, 1857, xxxiv; 1858, 
xxxiv. 
Photometers, Prof. E. Forbes on, 1840, 61. 
Phronomidse, British, C. Spence Bate on 

the, 1855, 59. 
Phyllodocidte, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
197, 211, 232, 266. 

, British, 1860, 227. 

Phyllopoda, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 
269. 

, British, 1860, 225. 

Physics in Belgium, M. Quetelet on the 

state of, 1835, 53. 
Physiological action of medicines, report on 
the, by Dr. J. Blake, 1843, 115; 1845, 82 ; 
1846, 27. 
Physiology, animal. Prof. Clarke's report 
on, 1834, 95-142: — 

Outline of theoretical physiology, 95. 
The blood, 116; the corpuscles, 117; 
structure, 118 ; the lymph, or liquor 
sanguinis, 120; fibrin, serum, 120; 



Physiology, animal, continued. 

gas, 123 ; analysis, 125 ; the powers 
which circulate the blood, 129. 
Heart, 134 ; cause of the heart's action, 
137- 

of the nervous system, Dr. W. C. 

Henry on the, 1833, 59. 

of the lungs and air-tubes. Dr. C. J. B. 

Williams on the, 1840, 411. 

, organic chemistry applied to, 1842, 

42. 

, vegetable, on the reproduction of the 

higher cryptogamous plants, by Prof. 
Henfrey, 1851, 192. 
Physophoridse, British, 1860, 232. 
Picidje of North America, 1836, 177; of 

Dukhun, 1837, 249; Irish, 1840, 371. 
Pictorial art as applied to ornithology. Prof. 

Strickland on, 1844, 201. 
Pigs, on the food of, by J. B. Lawes and 
Dr. Gilbert, 1852, 327, 331, 338, 347; 
1854, 422. 
Pinna, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shell of, 1844, 4, 20 ; 1847, 
95,130. 
Pisces, vide Fishes: 
Placoid£e of the Devonian system, 1842, 87. 

of the Silurian system. Prof. Agassiz 

on the, 1843, 194. 
of the Devonian system, 194. 
of the Carboniferous system, 195. 
of the Permian system, 198. 
of the Triassic system, 199. 
of the Oolitic system, 199. 
of the Cretaceous system, 203. 
of the Tertiary system, 206. 

of the London clay, 1844, 308. 

Placunida;, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shells of the, 1844, 18 ; 
1847, 95. 
Planets and their satelHtes, account of the 
principal observations, tables, &c. of the, 
by a B. Airy, 1831^2, 149, 156. 

, perturbations of the, Gr. B. Airy on 

the, 1831-32, 149, 170. 

• and periodical comets, &c., history of 

the, by a. B. Airy, 1831-32, 156. 

, Greenwich observations of the, G. B. 

AiBy's statement on the reduction of the, 
1840,423. 

■ , photography of the, W. De la Eue on 

the, 1859, 147. 
Planet's orbit, A. Cayley on the problem 
of the variation of the elements of a, 
1857,1. 
Plantigrada of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 141, 142. 

■ of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

246. 
Plants, Dr. Lindley on the elementary or- 
gans, circulation, structure of the axig, 
cause of the formation of wood, arrange- 
ment of leaves, structure of leaves, an- 
ther, &c., origin of the pollen, fertilization, 
origin of organs, morphology, gradual de- 
velopment, irritability, action of coloured 
F 2 



BEPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



light, colours, and excretions of, 1833, 

«7-57- 

Plants, alpine, of Scotland, 1836, 258. 

, comparative view of the more re- 
markable, which characterize the neigh- 
bourhoods of Dublin, Edinburgh, and 
south-west of Scotland, &c., by J. T. 
Mackay and Prof. Graham, 1836, 253. 

, comparative geographical notices of 

the more remarkable, which characterize 
Scotland and Ireland, by J. T. Mackay, 
1836, 257. 

, fruits, &c., of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on 

the, 1837, 239-245. 

, report on their growth in closed glass 
vessels, by J. Yates, 1837, 501 ; by Mr. 
Ward, 502 ; by Br. Daubeny, 505. 

, researclies on the influence of the 

solar rays on the growth of, by R. Hunt, 
1842, 75; 1844, 29; 1846, 33; 1847, 

, on the influence of the solar ra- 
diations on the vital powers of, growing 
under different atmospheric conditions, 
by Dr. Gladstone, 1852, 239 ; 1854, 373 ; 
1855, 15. 

, reports on the influence of carbonic 

acid gas on, especially of those allied to 
the coal formations, 1848, 84, 97 ; 1849, 
56; 1850, 159. 

■ of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 169. 

, reports on the registration of perio- 
dical phenomena of, 1845, 32.1 ; 1849, 78 ; 
1850,338-357. 

, report on the engraving of skeleton 

maps for recording the distribution of, 
1840,445; 1841,327. 

, fucoidal, Prof. Forchhammer on their 

influence upon the formations of the 
earth, 1844, 155; on the constituent parts 
of the ashes of, 158. 

, list of, for observing the periods of 

foliation and defoliation, 1845, 331; 1850, 
338. 

, list of, for observing the periods of 

flowering and ripening of the fruit, 1845, 
332; 1850, 339. 

, list of, for observing the hours of open- 
ing and closing their flowers, 1845, 334 ; 
1850, 341. 

, list of, whose seeds have germinated at 

considerable ages, 1850, 168. 

obtained by dredging, Prof. Forbes on, 

1850, 246. 

, higher cryptogamous, Prof. Henfrey 

on the reproduction and supposed ex- 
istence of sexual organs in the, 1851, 

IC2. 

, report of experiments on the growth 

of, in the garden of the Royal Agri- 
cultural College, Cirencester, by Prof. 
Buckman, 1857, 200 : — 

The grasses, 201. 

Cereal grasses — com crops, 206. 

Papilionaceous plants, 208. 

Green feeding crops, 210. 



Plants, report on growth of, continued. 

Esculent vegetables, 211. 

Economic and medicinal plants, 213. 

Weeds, 214. 

Flowering and ornamental plants, 215. 

, continued, 1859, 22. 

Cultivation of flax or lintseed, 22. 

Dodder (Cuscuta epilinum), 23. 

Rosa spinosissima and R. Doniana, 24. 

Viola odorata, 24. 

Myosotis, 25. 

Datura tatula (purple thorn-apple), 
25. 

stramonium (American thorn- 
apple), 26. 

Dipsacus sylvestris and D. fullonum, 
26. 

Cardutis tuberosus and C. acaulis, 
26. 

Yellow globe mangel wurzel, 27. 

Indian rape, 27. 

Brassica oleracea, 28. 

Trigonella fcenum-grsecum, 28. 

Vicia angustifolia, 29. 

Scorzonera.— Salsafy, 29. 

Dioscorea batatas (potato yam), 29. 

Tamus communis, 29. 

Parsnips, 29. 

Grasses, 29. 
, continued, 1860, 34. 

Grasses, 35. 

Crop plants, 37. 

Weeds, &c., 39. 

, fossil, of the upper Silurians of Les- 

mahago, 1859, 64. 
Platemys Bowerbankii, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 163; P.Bullockii, 164; P. Man- 
telli, 167. 

Platessoidea; of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 277. 
of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on, 

1842, 27. 

Platinum, hydrocarburetted chlorides of. 

Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 483. 
, salts of, their action when injected 

into the veins, 1845, 83. 
Platygnathus, fossil. Prof. Agassiz on the, 

1842, 87. 
Plectognathi of New Zealand, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1842, 28. 
of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 22c. 
, Irish, 1840, 396 ; 1852, 292 ; British, 

1844, 303. 
— — of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 199, 317. 
Pleiocene, newer, of St. Mary's County, 

Maryland, North America, Prof. H. D. 

Rogers on the, 1834, 33. 
• , older, and Meiocene formations of 

North America, Prof. H. D. Rogers on 

the, 1834, 35. 
Plesicsaurus, Prof. Owen on the characters 

of the genus, 1839, 49 ; species : — 
Hawkinsii, 57. 
dolichodeirus, 60. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



69 



Plesiosaurus, continued. 
macrocephalus, 62. 
brachycephalus, 69. 
macromus, 72. 
pachyomus, 74. 
arcuatus, 75. 
subtrigonus, 77. 
trigonus, 78. 
brachyspondylus, 78. 
costatus, 80. 
doedicomus, 81. 
rugosus, 82. 
grandis, 83. 
trochanterius, 85. 
affinis, 86. 
Plesiomorphism, Prof, Johnston on, 1831- 

32,429; 1837, 182. 
Pleurobranchaceae of the JEgean Sea, 1 843, 
134, 187; of Ireland, 1843, 251; of the 
West coast of North America, 1856, 313. 
Pleuronectes, Prof. Owen on the endo- and 
exo -skeletal elements of a caudal vertebra 
of a, 1846,252. 
Pleuronectidae, Irish, 1840, 394 ; 1852, 292 ; 
British, 1844, 303. 

of North America, 1836, 2 18 ; of New 

Zealand, 1842, 27; of the China and Japan 
seas, 1845, 277. 
Pleurotoma of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 139, 
190 ; Irish, 1843, 257 ; South European, 
1850, 267 ; West coast of North America, 

1856, 330. 

Pliny on earthquakes, 1850, 9- 

Pliosaurus brachydeirus, fossil, British, 
Prof. Owen on, 1841, 60 ; P. trochan- 
terius, 60. 

Plumatella, Prof. Allman on the polyzoon, 
1850, 305, 330- 

Pluvio electrometer of the Kew observa- 
tory, 1844, 141. 

Poa aquatica, &c., Prof. Buckman on the 
growth of, 1857, 203 ; 1859, 30 ; 1860, 

Podophthalma, Irish, 1843, 267 ; 1852, 293 ; 

1857, 112; 1858,265; 185Sr,8i; British, 
1850, 243 ; 1860, 222. 

, typical list of, for local museums, 

1855, 1 19. 
Podosomata, British, 1860, 226. 

, Irish, 1843, 270. 

Poikilopleuron Bucklandi, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 84. 
Poiseuille's hsemadynamometer, 1840, 412. 
Poisons, acrid, report on the effects of, by 
Dr. Hodgkin and Dr. Eoupell, 1835, 211- 
233 :— 

Introduction. 

The modus operandi of poisons, 220. 
Inferences to be drawn from the situa- 
tion of the principal lesion of the 
stomach in poisoning, 221. 
Cases and experiments, 225. 

, acrid, Dr. Eoupell's further report on, 

1835, 235. 

, report on, by Dr. Eoupell, 1841, 

26: — 



Poisons, report on, continued. 
Introduction. 
Exp. I. To show the effect of carbonic 

acid injected into the veins, 28. 
Exp. II. To show the effects of car- 
bonic acid when thrown into the 
carotid artery, 28. 

, contagious. Dr. W. Henry on, 1834, 73. 

, on the action of isomorphous sub- 
stances when introduced into the blood, 
&c., by J.Blake, 1843, 115; 1845, 82; 
1846, 27. 

, metallic, E. Mallet on their effect on 

molluscous or testaceous animals, 1843, 
25. 
Poisson's (M.) theory of the conduction of 
heat, 1841, 9, 11. 

theory of waves at the surface of 

water, 1833, 143. 

theory of capillary action, 1843, 284. 

Polarization of light, Eev. Dr. Lloyd on 

the, 1834, 350. 
of heat, Eev. Prof. Powell on, 1840, 

21, 23, 25, 28, 30. 
by reflexion, Eev. Prof. Powell on, 

1831-32, 275. 
by electricity. Prof. Schonbein on the 

phenomena of, 1840, 212. 

of sky-light. Prof. J, D. Forbes on 

the, 1840, 124. 

Pollen, Prof. Lindley on the origin of, 1833, 

44. 
Polyatomic compounds and formulee, G. C, 

Foster and Dr. Odling on, 1859, 2. 
Polymerism, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

435 ; polymeric substances, 439. 
PolynemidEe of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J- Eichardson on the, 1845, 218. 
Polynoe, Dr. T. WilUams on the, 1851, 201, 

217, 237. 
Polypi, Eev. L. Jenyns on the state of our 

knowledge of the, 1834, 236, 
Polypoda, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 272. 
Polyptyciiodon, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 

on, 1841, 156. 
Polyzoa, freshwater, report on the state of 

knowledge of the, by Prof. Allman, 1850, 

305:— 
Introduction. 

Anatomy — Definition of terms, 307. 
I. Organs for the preservation of the 
individual, 307. 

A. Dermal system. 

B. Organs of digestion. 

C. Organs of respiration and circula- 

tion. 

D. Muscular system. 

E. Organs of the life of relation. 

IL Organs for the preservation of the 
species. — Embryology, 320. 

1. Eeproduction by gemmae. 

2. Eeproduction by ova. 

3. Eeproduction by free embryos. 
Zoographical outline. ■^— Diagnosis of 

genera and species, and synonymy, 
326. 



70 



REPORTS^ ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Polyzoa, British marine, list of, compiled 
by R. M' Andrew, 1860, 203; Infundi- 
bulata, 230. 

, Irish, 1857, 237 ; 1858, 287, 293. ^ 

, list of, for local museums, 1855, 

117. 

, vide Bryozoa. 

Pomacentridaj of the China and Japan seas. 
Sir J. Richardson on the, 1815, 253. 

Porifera, British marine, list of, compiled 
by R. M'Andrew, 1860, 235. 

Poromya, Mgean, Prof. E, Forbes on the, 
1843, 143, 191. 

Potash and ammonia. Prof. Johnston on 
the isomorphism of, 1831-32, 431. 

and soda. Prof. Johnston on the rela- 
tion of the forms of, 1831-32, 427. 

from felspar and mica, 1831-32, 

475- 

, rubiacate of, E. Schunck on, 1848, 

66. 

Potassa and lithia in mineral waters. Dr. 
Daubeny on, 1836, 16. 

Potato yam, wild potato, and the yellow 
Lima potato. Prof. Buckman on the 
growth of, 1857, 211 ; 1859, 29 ; 1860, 43. 

Pouillet's pyrheliometer, 1840, 62. 

Preservation of animal and vegetable sub- 
stances, report of the committee for the, 

1840, 421; 1842, 40. 

Printing for the blind, W. Taylor on the 
various modes of, 1837,87; mathematics, 
96 ; music, 97 ; a comparison between 
the advantages and disadvantages of the 
common Roman and arbitrary alphabets, 
98. 

Prosobranchiata of the "West coast of North 
America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 
316. 

, British, list of, 1860, 218. 

Protozoa, British marine, list of, compiled 
by R. M' Andrew, 1860, 234. 

Pseudomorphous and epigene crystals. Prof. 
Johnston on, 1837, 194; list of pseudo- 
morphous mineral substances, 195. 

Psittaoidae of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on, 1836, 177. 

Pterichthyp, fossil. Prof, Agassiz on, 1842, 
87; 1843, 195. 

Pterodactylus macronyx. Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 156. 

Pteropoda, Rev. L. Jenyns on the, 1834, 

223. 
of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 131, 132. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 249. 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., R. 

M'Andrew on the, 1856, 1 14, 144. 
, British, 1850, 260 ; list of, compiled 

by R. M'Andrew, 1860, 220. 
, list of, for local museums, 1855, 

116. 
Pterosauria, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 156. 
, fossil. Prof. Owen on the, 1859, 

162. 



Ptychacanthus dubius, fossil. Prof. Agassiz 

on, 1842, 87. 
Pulmobranchiata, Dr. Carpenter on the 

structure of the shell of the, 1847, 115. 
Pulmonata of the West coast of North 

America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 

Pulmonifera, report on the distribution of 
the, in the British Isles, by Prof. E. 
Forbes, 1839, 127:— 

1. On the various influences which 

affect their distribution, 127. 

2. On their distribution in the vari- 

ous provinces of the British Isles, 

131- 

3. On the relations of the British Pul- 

monifera to those of Europe gene- 
rally, and the distribution of the 
more remarkable species, 140. 
Table of the species inhabiting the 
British Isles, and their geographi- 
cal distribution, 144. 

of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 136; Irish, 

1843, 252 ; 1852, 292 ; West coast of N. 
America, 1856, 3 1 3 ;" South European, 
1850, z6S et seq. 
Purpura lapillus, C. W. Peach on, 1843, 

129. 
Purpuric acid, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

525. 
Putorius, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1842, 70. 

Pycnogonidae, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 270. 

, British, 1860, 226. 

PyloridaB of the JEgean Sea, 1843, 143, 191 ; 

Irish, 1843, 263; British, 1850, 230; 

1860, 221; of the North-east Atlantic, 

1856, 102. 
Pyrheliometer, Pouillet's, 1840, 62. 
Pyro-alizaric acid, Dr. Schunck on, 1848, 

66. 
Pyrometer, Houldsworth's, 1844, 107, 109. 
Pyroracemic, pyroparatartaric acid. Prof. 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 501. 
Pyrotartaric acid, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 

32, 501. 
Pyrrhine, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, i, 2. 
Python, Prof. Owen on the cranium of a, 

1846, 194, 220. 

Quadrumana of North America, 1836, 137; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 246. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1842, 55. 
Quilimani language, 1847, 193. 
Quinin, sulphate of, test for cinchonin in, 

1831-^2, 509. 

Radiant heat, reports on, by Rev. Prof. 

Powell, 1831-32, 259 ; 1840, i ; 1854, 337. 
Radiata, Ilev. L. Jenyns on the state of our 

knowledge respecting the, 1834, 227. 
, report of committee for procuring 

drawings illustrative of the species of, 

1840, 444. 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



71 



Eadiata of the Mgea,n Sea, report on the, 

by Prof. E. Forbes, 1843, 146 :— 
Arachnodermata, 146. 
Echinodermata, 148. 
Zoophyta, 151. 
Amorphozoa, 152. 
Provinces of depth, 176. 

of the Frith of Clyde, 1856, 51. 

, Irish, 1843, 275, 279; 1852, 295; 

1857, III ; 1858, 179, 286. 
, list of, for local museums, 1855, 

121. 
, British, taken on the Southern and 

Western coasts of England, and Northern 

and Western coasts of Scotland, 1850, 

21 1, 239. 

, British, list of, 1860, 229. 

, oolitic. Dr. T. Wright on, 1856, 396. 

, vide Dredging. 

Radiation of heat, Rev. Dr. Whevrell on 

the mathematical theories of the, 1835, 

17. 
of heat, Dr. H. Hudson on the, 1835, 

163 ; Rev. Prof. Kelland on the, 1841, 2. 
— — , solar or terrestrial, Prof. J. D. Forbes 

on, 1831-32, 222 ; 1840, 60. 
, solar, on the chemical action of the, 

by R. Hunt, 1850, 137; 1852, 262; 1853, 

68 ; list of bodies susceptible of chemical 

change, 1850, 150. 
, solar. Dr. G-ladstone on its influence 

on plants, 1852, 239; 1854, 373; 1855, 

Raidse, North American, Sir J, Richardson 
on the, 1836, 222. 

— of the seas of China and Japan, Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 195, 197. 

, Irish, W.Thompson on, 1840, 398. 

of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on 

the, 1842, 29. 

of the Oolitic system, 1843, 201. 

of the Tertiary system, 1843, 206. 

of the London clay, 1844, 308. 

Railway constants, report of the committee 
on the determination of the mean nume- 
rical values of, by Dr. Lardner, 1838, 
197-252 ; 1841, 205 ; by E. Woods, 247 ; 
Appendix, 268. 

suspension bridges, C. Vignoles and 

P. W. Barlow on, 1857, 154, 238 ; 1858, 

293- 

trains, experiments on breaks for, by 

W. Fairbairn, 1859, 76. 

structures, W. Fairbairn on the effect 

of vibratory action and long-continued 
changes of load upon wrought-iron gir- 
ders, 1860, 45. 

excavations, reports on coloured draw- 
ings of the sections of strata exposed in, 
1841, 333; 1842, 38; 1843, 295. 

Railways, Rev. Prof. Moseley, Prof. E. Hodg- 
kinson, and J. Enys on a constant indi- 
cator for steam-engines, 1841, 307 ; 1842, 
98. 

, report on railway-bar corrosion, by R. 

Mallet, 1849, 88. 



Railways, W. Fairbairn on the strength of 
locomotive boilers and the causes which 
lead to explosion, 1853, 53. 

Rainbow, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the, 1840, 
125, 

Rain, Prof. J. D, Forbes on, 1831-52, 249 : 

1840, III. 

, third report on the quantities falling 

at different elevations at York, by W. 

Gray and Prof. Phillips, 1835, 171 (for 

first and second Reports, vide "Rain," 

Index of Subjects, Sections). 
in Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the fall of, 

1837, 236. 
in Bengal, Col. Sykes on the fall of, 

1852, 252. _ 
at Birmingham, W. Wills on the fall 

of, 1852, 298. 

at Southampton, J. Drew on, 1851, 

58. 

Rain-gauge at the Liverpool observatory, 
account of the, by A. F. Osier, 1855, 
127. 

and vapour-gauge of the Kew observa- 
tory, 1844, 128 ; 1851, 341. 

Rain-water, on, 1836; 2 ; 1848, 21; 1851, 
70, 77- 

Rallidas of North America, 1836, 183 ; of 
Dukhun, 1837, 250; Irish, 1840, 376; 
1852, 291. 

Ramphastidffi of N. America, 1836, 177, 

Rana, North American, Sir J. Richardson 
on the, 1836, 201. 

boans (great bull-frog). Prof. Owen on 

the cranium of the, 1846, 213. 

Rape-seed, Indian, on, 1859, 27. 

Raphiosaurus subulidens. Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 145. 

Raptores of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 168, 191. 

of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

248. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 364; 1852, 291. 

Rasores of North America, Sir J. Richard - 

son on the, 1836, 180, 195. 
of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on, 1837, 250. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 372 ; 1852, 291. 

Rats of North America, 1836, 1 54. 

Red sandstone, lower new, at CoUyhurst, 

near Manchester, report on the excavation 

made at the junction of the coal-measures 

with the, by E. W. Binney, 1843, 241. 
Reflexion of heat, Rev. Prof. Powell on the, 

1840, 10, 32. 
and refraction of light, Rev. Dr. 

Lloyd on the, 1834, 305; of polarized 

light, 356. 
Refraction, G. B. Airy on, 1831-32, 136, 

186. 
and double refraction. Sir D. Brewster 

on, 1831-32, 308, 310. 
, double. Rev. Dr. Lloyd on, 1834, 375- 

of heat, on the, 1840, 2, 7; 1854, 

341- 



72 



REPORTS. ETC. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Befractiye indices for the standard rays of 
the sokr spectrum in different media, Eev. 
Prof. Powell on the, 1839, i. 
Registration of deaths, report on, 1835, 251. 
Reichenbach's circle, 1831-32, 133. 

water -pressure engine, 1848, 12. 

Reptiles, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 
knowledge respecting, 1834, 172. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

383, 4c6. 

of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 197. 

of Dukhun.Col.Sykesonthe, 1837,251. 

, on the skull of, by Prof. Owen, 1846, 

190, 203. 

, list of, for observing the periodical 
phenomena of, 1845, 329, 336 ; 1850, 
342. 

, fossil, British, Prof. Owen^s report on, 

1839,43-126:— 
Introduction. 

Part I. Enaliosauria, general characters 
of the order, 45. 
Characters of the genus Plesaosaurus, 

49. 
Plesiosaurus Hawkinsii, 57. 

dolichodeirus, 60. 

macrocephalas, 62. 

Wachycephalus, 69. 

macromus, 72. 

pachyomus, 74. 

arcuatus, 75. 

subtrigonus, 77. 

trigonus, 78. 

brachyspondylus, jS. 

costatus, 80. 

doedicomus, 81. 

rugosus, 82. 

grandis, 83. 

■ trochanterius, 85. 

affinis, 86. 

Characters of the genus Ichthyo- 
saurus, 86. 
Ichthyosaurus communis, loS. 

intermedins, 110. 

platyodon, 112. 

lonchiodon, 116. 

— • tenuirostris, 117. 

acutirostris, 121- 

latifrons, 122. 

latimanus, 123. 

thyreospondylus, 124. 

trigonus, 124. 

Ocmcluding observatioos, 125. 

^, Part II. 1841, 60:— 

Pliosaurus, 60. 
Order Crocodilia : — 
Crocodilus Spenceri, 6^. 
Suchosaurus cultridens, 67. 
Goniopbolis crassidens, 69. 
Teleosaurus, 72. 

Chapmanni. 

Cadomensis. 

asthenodeirus. 

Steneosaurus, 82. 

brevirostris (rostro-minor), 82. 



Reptiles, fossil, continued (1841). 

Poikilopleuron Bucklandj, 84. 

Streptospondylus, 88. 

Cuvieri, 88. 

major, 91. 

Cetiosaurus, 94. 

brevis, 94. 

brachyurus, 100. 

medius, 100. 

longus, 10 1. 

Order Dinosauria, 102 : — 

Megalosaurus, 103. 

Bucklandi, 103. 

Hylseosaurus armatus, iii. 

Igiianodon Mantelli, 120. 
Order Lacertilia, 144 : — 

Mosasaurus, 144. 

Hofmanni, 144. 

Leiodon, 144. 

aiiceps, 144. 

Raphiosaurus, 145. 

— — subulidens, 145. 

Lacerta, sp. ind., eocene, 145. 

, sp. ind. (alHed to Scincos), 

oolite, 145. 

Rhynchosaurus, 145. 

articeps, 145. 

Thecodonts, 153. 

Thecodontosaurus antiquus, 153, 

Palaeosaurus cylindrodon, 154. 

platyodon, 154. 

Cladyodon Lloydii, 155. 
Order Pterosauria : — 

Pterodactylus macronyx, 1 56. 

, sp. ind., 156. 

Sauria incertse sedis : — 

Polyptychodon, 156. 

Rysosteus, 159. 
Order Chelonia : — 

Testudinidae, 160. 

Testudo Duncani, 160. 

■ , sp. ind., oolite, 160. 

Emydidae, 160. 

Emys testudiniformis, 160. 

Platemys Bowerbankii, 163. 

Bullockii, 164. 

Mantelli, 167. 

Tretosternon punctatum, 165. 

Emys, sp. ind., Kimmeridge clay, 
168. 

, sp. ind., new red sandstone, 

168. 

Trionyx, 168. 

, sp. ind., 168. 

Chelonidae, 168. 

Chelone planiceps, 169. 

obovata, 170. 

, sp. ind., Wealden, 172. 

pulchriceps, 172. 

Benstedi, 173. 

longiceps, 177. 

planimentum, 178. 

breviceps, 178. 

convexa, 178. 

subcristata, 179. 

latiscutata, 179. 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



73 



Eeptiles, fossil, continued (1841). 
Order Ophidia, 1 80 : — 

Palffiophis toliapicus, 180. 
Order Batrachia, 181 : — 

Labyrinthodon salamaudroides, 

183. 

leptognathus, 183. 

pachygnathus, 186. 

ventricosus, 183. 

scutulatus, 188. 

Summary, 191. 
Errata, 204. 
— — , fossil and recent, on the orders of, 
and their distribution in time, by Prof. 
Owen, 1859, 153 :— • 

Introduction. 
Order I. G-anocephala, 155. 

II. Labyrinthodontia, 158. 
III. Ichthyopterygia, 159. 
IV. Saur ©pterygia, 159. 
V. Anomodontia, 161. 
VI. Pterosauria, 162. 
VII. Thecodontia, 163. 
VIII. Dinosauria, 164. 
IX. Crocodilia, 164. 
X. Lacertilia, 165. 
XL Ophidia, 166. 
XII. Chelonia, 166. 
XIII. Batrachia, 166. 
Eesinous substances, list of, 1831-32, 516. 
Resins and gum-resins. Prof. Johnston on 
the, 1831-32, 512 ; basic, 513 ; subresins, 

, E. Schunck on the, 1848, 57, 67, 

68. 
, Dr. Daubeny on the nomenclature 

of, 1851, 127. 
Resistance of air. Prof. E. Hodgkinson on 

the mode of conducting experiments on 

the, 1842, 211. 

of air, on the theory of the, by Rev. 

Prof. Challis, 1833, 149; 1856, 251. 

of fluids, on the theory of the, by 

Rev. Prof. ChalKs, 1833, 149; 1836, 
251. 

Respiration, Dr. W. C. Henry on the action 
of the medulla spinalis and oblongata on, 
1833, 73. 

, Liebig's theory of, 1842, 51. 

Respiratory organs. Dr. C. J. B. Williams 
on the, 1840, 411. 

Rhinoceros, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 
1843, 220. 

Rhizocarpea3, Prof. Henfrey on the repro- 
duction of, 1851, 116, 122. 

Rhizostomidse, British, 1860, 233. 

Rhynchonellidse of the West coast of North 
America, 1856, 298 ; North-east Atlantic, 
1856, 114; British, 1860, 222. 

Rhynchorhinus of the London clay. Prof. 
Agassiz on, 1844, 295. 

Rhynchosaurus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 
on, 1841, 145. 

Richardson's tubular life-boat, 1854, 333. 

Rissoa of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 137, 189; 
Irish, 1843, 255; 1852, 293; British, 



1850, 202, 223 ; 1860, 219 ; South Euro- 
pean, 1850, 265 ; of the North-east At- 
lantic, 1856, 148. 

Ritchie's (Dr.) instrument for showing that 
the absorptive power of surfaces is pre- 
cisely proportional to their radiating 
power, 1831-32,265. 

River Humber, J. Oldham on the physical 
features of the, 1853, 36. 

— — Mersey, provisional report on the 
effects produced upon the channels 
of the; by alterations made in its banks, 

1855, 143 ; report of the committee, 

1856, I. 

Mississippi, on changes in the, 1834, 9. 

— — Rhine, on the phenomena exhibited 

in different parts of its course, 1834, 

462. 
Thames, on the courae, dimensions, 

inclinations, and velocities of the, by Gr. 

and J. Rennie, 1834, 486 (with a sec- 
tion from the river Kennet to the Nore 

Light). 
steamers, in reference to shallow-water 

navigation, A. Henderson on, 1858, 268. 
boats of Bengal, A. Henderson on the, 

1858, 272. 
Rivers of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

256, 257, 259, 260. 
. in France and Flanders, declivities 

of, 1834, 443. 
, Dr. R. A. Smith on the supply of 

water to towns from, 1851, 70. 
, J. F. Bateman on the supply of water 

to towns from, 1855, 72. 
, canals, and drainage, Gr. Rennie on 

the progress of hydraulics in England 

with reference to, 1834, 473. 
, on the forms of the surface of, 1834, 

468. 
, on the progress of our knowledge of, 

by G-. Rennie, 1834, 425. 
, on regurgitations or the swelling of, 

by obstacles placed in them, 1834, 470, 
, on the phenomena of the stoppage 

of, R. Mallet on, 1858, 131. 
Rivet-iron, W. Fairbairn on the tensile 

strength of, 1856, 415. 
Robiquet's alizarin, 1847, 136. 
Rocks, secondary, origin of carbonate of 

soda in. Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 24. 
, stratified, H. L. Pattinson on some 

galvanic experiments to determine the 

existence or non-existence of electrical 

currents among, 1839, 23. 

of North America, on the, 1834, 5. 

, trap, of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 

1837, 219, 227, 230. 
, on the metamorphosis of, by Prof. 

Forchhammer, 1844, 165. 
, report on cleavage and foliation in, 

and on the theoretical explanations of 

these phenomena, by Prof. Phillips, 1856, 



369 ■— 



Cleavage distinct from stratification, 
370- 



74 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Kocks, continued. 

2. Cleavage continuons through large 

ranges of country, 372. 

3. Cleavage in continuous parallel 

planes across bent and contorted 
strata, 373. 

4. Cleavage symmetrically related to 

axes of movement of the strata, 

374- 

5. Relation of cleavage planes to the 

inclination of the strata, 375. 

6. Cleavage varies in strata of unlike 

quality, 383. 

7. Cleavage accompanied by change of 

dimensions in rocks, 386. 

8. Secondary cleavage of slate, 393. 

9. Relation of cleavage to joints, 393. 

10. Occurrence of structures analogous 

to cleavage near greenstone dykes, 

394- 

11. The cleat in coal, 395. 

• and minerals, report on the results 

obtained by the mechanico-chemical exa- 
mination of, by A, Gages, 1859, 65 : — 
Introduction. 

1. Comparative examination of the re- 

sidues of Permian magnesian lime- 
stones from ten localities, 66. 

2. Comparative examination of the mag- 

nesian limestone of Howth, co. 
Dublin, contrasted with those of 
the Permian localities, 68. 

3. Magnesian limestone conglomerate 

from Downhill, co. Londonderry, 

4. Examination and analysis of a pseudo- 

dolomite, 70. 

5. Experiments on the composition and 

structure of the residues obtained 
from the calp or middle limestone, 
CO. Dublin, and of the lower lime- 
stone shales of Drogheda, 71. 

6. On chloritic slate, and metamorphic 

limestone derived from it, 73. 

7. On a metamorphic limestone con- 

taining garnets reposing on the 
granite, 75. 
Rodentia of North America, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 1 50. 

, fossil, British, Prof Owen on, 1842, 72. 

Rosa spinosissima and R. Doniana, Prof. 

Buckman on the growth of, 1859, 24. 
Rubiacate of potash, Dr. E. Schunck on 

the, 1848, 66. 
Rubiacic acid, Dr. E. Schunck on, 1847, 

137, 142; 1848,66. 
-Rubiacin, Dr. E. Schunck on, 1847, 136, 

141; 1848, 66. 
Rubian, a colouring matter. Dr. E. Schunck 

on, 1847, 136, 143 ; 1848, 68. 
Ruminant! a of North America, 1836, 159; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 247. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1843, 232. 
Rysosteus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 159. 



Sabellse, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 172, 
186, 192, 204, 225, 271. 

Salamandra, North American, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on, 1836, 20I. 

Saleniadae, oolitic, Dr. T. Wright on the, 
1856, 399, 401. 

Saliva, its action on food, 1842, 50. 

Salmon, Sir W. Jardine, Dr. Fleming, and 
E. Ash worth's report on the experiments 
conducted at Stormontfield, near Perth, 
for the artificial propagation of, 1856, 
451. 

Salraonidse of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 214., 216. 

of Ireland, 1840, 391 ; British, 1844, 

302. 

of the Japan Sea, 1845, 304. 

Salsafy, vegetable. Prof. Buckman on the 
growth of, 18.57, 212 ; 1859, 29. 

Salt, rock, Melloni's discovery of a singular 
property possessed by, 1840, 3. 

Saltatoria, British, C. Spence Bate on, 
1855, 57. 

Salt-springs, Dr. Daubeny on the ingre- 
dients of, 1836, 16. 

springs. Dr. Daubeny on the origin of, 

1836, 74. 

Salts, Prof. Johnston on the, 1831-32, 479. 

, chlorine. Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

442. 

, red, of manganese. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 482. 

, sulphm% Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

440. 

of the magnesian family, J. Blake on 

their action when introduced into the 
blood, 1843, 117; 1845, 84. 

, neutral, Dr. Daubeny on the nomen- 
clature of the, 1851, 127. 

of iridium and osmium, J. Blake on 

their action when introduced into the 
blood, 1846, 27. 

, preliminary report on the solubility 

of, at temperatures above 100° Cent., and 
on the mutual action of salts in solution, 
by Prof. W. K. Sullivan, 1859, 291 :— 
Introduction. 

Preliminary inquiries on solution, the 
actions of different solvents, &c., 294. 
Relative compressibility of saline solu- 
tions, 305. 
Capillary ascension and diffusion of 

saline solutions, 306. 
Phenomena connected with density, 

307- 
Thermology of saline solutions, 307. 

Sands, ferruginous, of North America, Prof. 
H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 50, 52. 

Sandstone, old red. Prof. Agassiz on the 
fossil fishes of the, 1842, 80. 

, lower new red, with the coal -mea- 
sures, at Collyhurst, report on the exca- 
vation made at the junction of the, by 
E.W. Binney, 1843, 241. 

, yellow, of Dura Den, on the fossils 

of the, 1860, 32. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



75 



Sanguisorba officinalis, Prof. Bucknian on 

the growth of, 1857, 210. 
Sarsiadae, British, 1860, 233. 
Sauria incertje sedis, fossil, 1841, 156. 
Saurian, fossil, gigantic, from the lower 

greensand at Hythe, Prof. Owen on a, 

1841, 157. 
Saurians, fossil. Prof. Owen on the, 1839, 

43- 
Saurii, American, 1836, 200. 
, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1840, 383. 

of New Jersey, Prof. H. D. Rogers 

on, 1834, 61. 

Sauroideae (Pisces) of North America, Sir 
J. Richardson on the, 1836, 215, 217. 

of the Devonian system, 1843, 195 ; 

of the Carboniferous system, 197 ; of 
the Permian system, 198 ; of the Tri- 
assic system, 199; of the Oolitic system, 
202 ; of the Cretaceous system, 204. 

Sauropterygia, fossil. Prof. Owen on, 1859, 

Savings' -banks in the United Kingdom, 

sketch of the progress of, by Gr. R. Porter, 

1845, 129. 
Saxicava rugosa, C. W, Peach on, 1843, 

129. 
Saxicavidse of the West coast of North 

America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 

259. 
Scalaria of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 137, 189 ; 

Irish, 1843, 256; British, 1850, 202, 

224; 1860, 219; South European, 1850, 

266 ; North-east Atlantic, 1856, 123 ; 

West coast of North America, 1856, 

336. 
Scale, report on the measurement of the 

Aberdeen standard, by F. Baily, 1835, 

91. 
Scansores of North America, 1836, 177, 194 ; 

of Dukhun, 1837, 249 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

371- 
Schists, fucoid, metamorphosed, in Scan- 
dinavia, Prof. Forchhammer on the, 1844, 

155- 

Schizzodesma, Dr. Carpenter on the struc- 
ture of the shell of, 1847, 103. 

Schools, Aberdeen industrial feeding, A. 
Thomson on the, 1859, 44. 

Schreibersite, a new mineral, 1849, 33. 

Scisenidae, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1840, 
386. 

of the China and Japan seas, 1845, 

223; North American, 1836, 206, 209; 
Irish, 1840, 386; British, 1844, 302; of 
New Zealand, 1842, 18. 

■ , fossil, of the London clay, 1844, 

287. 
Sciasnurus Bowerbankii, fossil, of Sheppey, 

description and outline restoration of, 

by Prof. Agassiz, 1844, 295. 
Scientific memoirs, foreign, report on the 

translation and publication of, 1840, 446 ; 

1841, 328 ; 1842, 210 ; 1843, 129. 
Scincidae, American, 1836, 200. 
Sclavonian r^es, on the, 1851, 142. 



Sclavonic and Semitic languages, Rev. Dr. 
Donaldson on the, 1851, 146. 

Sclerodermata of North America, 1836, 220 ; 
of the seas of China and Japan, 1845, 
200, 317; British, 1844, 303. 

Scolopacidse of North America, Sir J. 
Richardson on the, 1836, 182; of Duk- 
hun, 1837, 250; of f eland, 1840, 375 ; 
1852, 291. 

Scomberesocidge of the China seas, Sir J, 
Richardson on the, 1845, 264. 

, fossil, of the London clay, Prof. 

Agassiz on, 1844, 292, 308. 

Scomberoidae of North America, Sir J. 
Richardson on the, 1836, 206, 210. 

, Irish, 1840, 387 ; British, 1844, 302. 

of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1842, 20. 

of the China and Japan seas, Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 267. 

, fossil, 1843, 205, 207 ; of the London 

clay, Prof. Agassiz on, 1844, 289, 307. 

Scopelinidae of the China seas, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1845, 301. 

Scopulae of spiders, on the, 1844, 62. 

Scorzonera, Prof. Buckman on the growth 
of. 1857, 212; 1859, 29. 

Scutibranchiata of the Mgea.n -Sea, Prof. 
E. Forbes on the, 1843, 133, 134, 188. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 258. 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 

118, 119. 

of the West coast of North America, 

1856, 317. 

Scylliidce of Ireland, 1840, 397 ; of the China 
and Japan seas, 1845, 193 ; of New Zea- 
land, 1842, 29. 

Scylliodontidaa of the China and Japan 
seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 
195. 

Sea-coast of Yorkshire, Dr. J. P. Bell on 
the character and measurement of de- 
gradation of the, 1853, 81. 

Sea-water, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 3 ; gases 
present in, 6. 

, R. Mallet on its action on iron, 1838, 

253; 1840, 221; 1843, I. 

, comparative analytical researches on, 

by Prof. Forchhammer, 1846, 90. 

Sea- waves, great, Prof. Bache's account of 
the phenomena of, 1858, 124. 

Sea-weeds, R. Mallet on the efiect of me- 
tallic poisons on, 1843, 25. 

, analysis of, 1844, 156. 

Seals of North America, Sir J. Richardson 
on the, 1836, 148. 

Secretions, report of the Medical Section on 
the composition of, and the organs pro*- 
ducing them, 1837, 139, 149. 

Seeds, R. Hunt on the influence of light 
on the germination of, 1842, 75; 1844, 
29; 1846, 33; 1847, 17. 

, reports on the growth and vitality 

of, 1841, 50; 1842, 34; 1843, 105 ; 1844, 
94; 1845, 337; 1846, 20; 1847, 145; 



76 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



1848, 31; 1849, 78; 1850, 160; 1851, 

53; 1852, 177; 1853, 67; 1854, 439; 

1855, 78 ; 1857, 43 ; general summary of 

the experiments, from 1841 to 1857 in- 
clusive, 1857, 43. 
Seismic maps of Berghaus, Johnston, and 

Mallet, 1858, 41, 45, 60. 
energy in relation to time, season, 

and space of earthquakes, R. Mallet on, 

1858, 47, 5i> 57- 
Seismometer, common pendulum, 1841, 46. 
, suspended and inverted pendulum, 

1841, 47; 1858, 73, 74, 79, 80; spring 

pendulum, 73, 74, 80, 81. 
, self-registering, report of committee 

on the construction of a, 1848, 98 ; 1850, 

88; 1851, 278; 1853, 86; 1858, 74, 81, 

87. 
Seismometers, report of committee on, by 

Col. Portlock, 1854, 370. 

, R. Mallet on, 1858, 72. 

Seismoscope, description of the, 1851, 278. 
Selachiidese of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 221, 222. 
Selenic acid, J. Blake on its action when 

introduced into the blood, 1846, 29. 
Self-jegistering meteorological instruments 

employed in the observatory at Senften- 

berg, 1845, 108. 
— — magnetogi'aphs of the Kew observa- 
tory, 1849, 82, 83, 86; 1850, 178, 181 ; 

1851, xxvii, 325, 328, 329, 330, 351, 358, 

360, 362; 1859, 200. 
Semitic languages, Rev. Dr. Donaldson on 

the, 1851, 146. 

and Sclavonic languages, 1851, 146. 

Seneca on earthquakes, 1850, 8. 

Sepia, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shell of, 1847, 117. 
Septaria gigantea. Dr. Carpenter on the 

shelly tube of, 1847, 106, 132. 
Serpulse, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 

168, 174, 177, 192, 203, 225, 229. 
Serpulina, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 272. 
Serranidae of the China and Japan seas. Sir 

J. Richardson on the, 1845, 229. 
Shadows, aerial. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 

1840, 124, 137. 
Shales, calp, &c., lower limestone, A. Gages 

on the chemical examination of, 1859, 

71- 
Sheep, Prof. Owen on the cranium of a, 

1846, 189. 
, J. B. Lawes and Dr. Gilbert on the 

food of, 1852, 325, 328. 
Shells of the ^gean Sea, distribution of, in 

depth, 1843, 171, 172. 
, freshwater, of North America, 1836, 

224. 
of the West coast of North America, 

P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 159. 

, Acapulco, list of, 1856, 170. 

, list of, common to the European and 

American coasts of the Atlantic, 1836, 

224. 



Shells obtained in the Port of Faro in Al- 

garve, 1850, 270. 

of the Galapagos Islands, 1856, 359. 

, land, at Gibraltar, 1850, 279 ; at 

Cintra, 304. 
, list of species obtained in Kingstown 

and Killiney Bays, 1860, 29. 

procured at Malaga, &c., 1850, 280. 

, list of, from the Turbot Bank, 1857, 

230. 
, list of species taken in deep water off 

the Maidens Lighthouses, 1857, 234. 
, report on the microscopic structure 

of, by Dr. W. B. Carpenter, 1844, 1-24:— 
I. Introductory remarks. 
II. On the condition of the calcareous 
matter in shell, 3. 

III. Of the animal basis of shell, 4. 

IV. Prismatic cellular structure, 4. 
V. Membranous shell-substance, 9. 

VI. Nacreous structure, 1 1 . 
VII. Tubular structure, 1 3. 
VIII. Cancellated structure, 14. 
IX. Shells of Brachiopoda, 16. 
X. Shells of Placunidae, 18. 
XI. Shells of Ostraceae, 1 9. 
XII. Shells of Pectinidse, 1 9. 

XIII. Shells of Margaritaceae, 20. 

XIV. Shells of Nayadefe, 21. 
Plates, 22. 

, second report on the microscopic 

structure of, by Dr. W. B. Carpenter, 1847, 

93'— 

Introductory remarks. 
I. Observations supplemental to 
former report, 93. 
Brachiopoda. 
Placunidae. 
Pectinidje. 
Margaritaceae. 
Nayadeae. 
II. Continuation of former report, 

97- 
III. Mytilacege, 99. 
IV. Tridacnacese, 100. 
V. Chamaceae, 100. 
VI. Trigonaceae, 100. 
VII. Arcaceae, 10 1. 
VIII. Cardiaceae, 102. 
IX. Conchaceae, 102. 

X. Nymphaceae, 102. 
XI. Mactraceae, 103. 
XII. Myaceae, 103. 

XIII. Solenaceae, 105. 

XIV. Tubicolse, 106. 
XV. Gasteropoda, 107. 

XVI. Cephalopoda, 116. 
XVII. Echinodermata, 117. 
XVIII. Crustacea, 127. 

List of illustrations, 1 30. 
Shipping statistics, as data conducive to 
the improvement of naval architecture, 
report on, 1858, 239. 
, report of the committee on the mea- 
surement of, for tonnage, 1856, 458 ; 
1857, 62. 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



77 



Ships, tonnage registration of, C. Atherton 

on, 1850,423; 1857, 112. 
, C. Atherton on mercantile transport 

economy, 1856,423; 1857, 112. 
, report on the forms of, 1840, 425 ; 

1841, 325; 1842, 104; 1843, 112; 1844, 

391- 
—— , iron, on the corrosion of, 1838, 253 ; 

1840, 221; 1843, 14. 
, wooden and iron, on the deviations 

of the compass, in, by A. Smith, 1854, 

434- 

• , iron-cased, remarks on, by Admiral 

Moorsom, 1860, 174. 

, vide Boats and Steam-ships. 

Shooting stars. Vide, Meteors. 

Shrews of North America, 1836, 140; of 
Ireland, 1840, 359. 

Siganoideae of New Zealand, Sir J. Richard- 
son on, 1842, 22. 

Sigaretidae, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 
1843, 258. • 

Silica, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 423. 

, Dr. Daubeny on its origin in springs, 

1836, 25. 

Siliquariadas of the ^Egean Sea, Prof. E. 
Forbes on the, 1843, 137, 188. 

Sillaginidffi of the China and Japan 
seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 
223. 

Silurian system. Prof. Agassiz on the British 
fossil fishes of the, 1843, 194. 

SHiirians, upper, of Lesmahago, Lanark- 
shire, report on the, 1859, 63. 

Siluridae of the China and Japan seas. Sir 
J. Richardson on the, 1845, 281. 

of North America, Sir J. Richardson 

on the, 1836, 214, 216. 

Silver's marine and stationary engine-go- 
vernors, 1859, 123. 

Siphonocetus, C. Spence Bate on, 1855, 31, 

59- 
Siphon ostomata, British, 1860, 225. 
, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

270. 
Sipunculidge of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. 

Forbes on the, 1843, 149, 151. 
, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of the, 1847, 127. 

, British, 1860, 228. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on, 1843, 280 ; 

1852, 295. 
Skeleton, vertebrate. Prof. Owen on the 

archetype and homologies of the, 1846, 

169. 
Skull, human, Blumenbach's principal va- 
rieties of form of the, 1831-32, 535 ; 1847, 

233- 
, human, Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 

188, 300. 

• of the human embryo (fifth month), 

Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 197. 
of birds. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 

189, 293. 

of reptiles. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 

190, 283. 



Skull of fishes. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 
178, 274. 

of mammals. Prof. Owen on the, 1846, 

189, 297. 

of vertebrata, synonyms of the bones 

of, by Prof. Owen, 1846, 338. 

Skull-bones, Prof. Owen on the classifica- 
tion of, 1846, 307. 

Skulls, human. Dr. Prichard on the classi- 
fication of, 1831-32, 534; 1847, 233. 

, Nepalese, report on a series of, by 

Prof. Owen, 1859, 95. 

Sky and clouds. Prof. J. D. Forbes on the 
colour of the, 1840, 120. 

Sky-light, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the polari- 
zation of, 1840, 124. 

Slags, crystalline, report on the, by Dr. J. 
Percy, 1846, 351; — 

1. The crystallographic and mineralo- 

gical description, by Prof. Miller. 

2. The analysis. 

3. Special remarks. 

of furnaces, on the, 1831-32, 347. 

Slate, Prof. Phillips on the secondary 

cleavage of. 1856, 395. 
, aluminous, of Scandinavia, Prof. 

Forchhammer on the metamorphosis of 

the, 1844, 155. 
, chloritic, and supposed metamorphio 

limestone derived from it, A. Gages on 

the chemical examination of, 1859, 73. 
Slickensides in gritstone, S. Eddy on, 1858, 

171. 
Smeaton's water-pressure engine, 1848, 

^4-. 

Smelting of iron, report on the gases evolved 
from iron-furnaces, with reference to the 
theory of the, by Prof. Bunsen and Dr. 
Lyon Playfair, 1845, 142. 

Smith's (Dr. W.) discoveries in Secondary 
Greulogy, notice of, 1832, 370. 

Smoke, report on the consumption of fuel 
and the prevention of, by W. Fairbaim, 
1843, 294; 1844, 100, 118. 

Snow-water, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 2. 

Soda and potash. Prof. Johnston on the re- 
lation of the forms of, 1831-32, 427. 

, carbonate of, in mineral waters. Dr. 

Daubeny on, 1836, 20. 

, carbonate of, in certain secondary 

rocks, Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 24. 

• without carbonic acid in springs, 

1836, 25. 

, iodate of, on preparing, 1831-32, 

480. 

■ , sulphate of, and chloride of barium. 

Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of combina- 
tion of, 1849, 72. 

, sulphate of, and acetate of lead. Dr. 

T. Andrews on the heat of combination 
of, 1849, 73. 

, sulphate of, and nitrate of barytes. 

Dr. T. Andrews on the heat of combi- 
nation of, 1849, 73. 

and lime, carbonate of, Prof. John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 480. 



78 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Solar heat, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831-52, 
221 ; 1840, 68. 

heat, origin of the, Prof. W. Thom- 
son's theory of, 1854, 352. 

— — radiation. Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 
1831-32, 222 ; 1840, 60. 

radiations, R. Hunt on the state of 

our knowledge of the chemical action of 
the, 1850, 137; list of bodies susceptible 
of chemical change under the influence 
of the, 150; list of memoirs, &c., em- 
bracing influences of light on organic 
bodies, 153. 

radiations, on the chemical action 

of the, by R. Hunt, 1852, 262 ; 1853, 
68. 

f— radiations, reports on the influence 
of, on the vital powers of plants, by Dr. 
J. H. G-ladstone, 1852, 239 ; 1854, 373 ; 
1855, 15. 

rays, Rev. Prof Powell on the heat 

of the, 1831-32, 283. 

rays, R. Hunt on their influence on 

the germination of seeds and the growth 
of plants, 1842, 75 ; 1844, 29 ; 1846, 33 ; 
1847, 17. 

rays, report on the actinograph for 

registering the chemical action of the, 
by R. Hunt, 1845, 90 ; 1846, 31. 

■ spectrum, Rev. Prof. Powell on the 

state of our knowledge of the refractive 
indices for the standard rays of the, 1836, 
288 ; 1839, I. 

spectrum. Rev. Prof. Powell on the 

action of gaseous and other media on the, 

1841, 329; 1843, 293. 

— — system, W. Hopkins on the hypo- 
thesis of the former nebulosity of the, 
1847, 56. 

theory, G-. B. Airy on the, 1831-32, 

174. 

Solasteridffi, oolitic, 1856, 402. 

Solecurtus, Dr. Carpenter on the structure 
of the shell of, 1847, 105, 132. 

Solemya australis, Dr. Carpenter on the 
structure of the shell of, 1847, 106, 
132. 

SolenaccEC, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of, 1847, 
105, 132. 

Solenidae of the West coast of !North 
America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 
301. 

of Strangford Lough, 1857, 105, 106, 

108, 109. 

Sorex, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 

1842, 57. 

Sorghum saccharatum (Chinese sugar-cane), 
Prof. Buckman on the growth of, 1859, 
30; 1860, 35. 

Soricidae of North America, 1836, 140 ; 
Trish, 1840, 359. 

Sound, on the theory of, 1836, 233 ; 1846, 
14. 

, on the production of, by the mo- 
tion of water through tubes, 1837, 156. 



Sound, Prof. Stokes on the theory of, 1846, 

14. 
Sparidse of the seas of China and Japan, 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 240. 
, Nortli American, Sir J. Richardson 

on, 1836, 206, 209. 
of New Zealand, Sir J. Richardson on, 

1842, 20. 

, Irish, 1840, 386; 1852, 291 ; British, 

1844, 302. 
, fossil, of the London clay. Prof. 

Agassiz on the, 1844, 287, 307. 
Spatangidae, British, 1860, 230. 
Spectrum, solar, report on the state of our 

knowledge of the refractive indices for the 

standard rays of the, by the Rev. Prof. 

Powell, 1836, 288; 1839, i. 
, solar. Sir D. Brewster on the action 

of gaseous and other media on the, 1841, 

329 ; 1843, 293. 

analysis, R. Hunt on, 1852, 262 ; 

1853, 68. 

Specula of telescopes, on the, 1844, 79. 
Sphagebranchidae of the seas of China and 

Japan, Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 

314. 
Sphyraenoidse, fossil, of the London clay, 

Prof. Agassiz on the, 1844, 290, 308. 

of the China and Japan seas. Sir J. 

Richardson on the, 1845, 266. 

Spiders, J. Blackwall on the structure, 
functions, and economy of, 1844, 62. 

, R. H. Meade on the anatomy of, and 

structure of the spinning-organs of, 1 858, 

157- 

, mde Araneidea. 

Spinal marrow. Dr. W. C. Henry on the, 

1833, 74. 
Spinning-organs of spiders, on the, 1844, 

62; 1858, 157. 
Spio, Dr. T. Williams on the genus, 1861, 

170, 191, 199, 213, 234. 
Spirula, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of, 1847, 117. 
Spondylida; of the West coast of North 

America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 

312. 
, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of the 

shells of, 1844, 19. 
Sponges of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 152. 
of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 286; 1852, 296; 1857, 112. 

, British, list of, compiled by R. M'An- 

drew, 1860, 235. 
Spongiadre, Dr. J. S. Bowerbankon the vital 
powers of the, 1856, 438 : — 
Inhalation and exhalation, 438. 
Adhesion of species, 446. 
Reparative powers, 447. 
Disease and death, 449. 
Nutrition, 449. 

, further report on the, by J. S. Bow- 

erbank, 1857, 121. 
Spongilla fluviatilis, Dr. J. S. Bowerbank 
on the, 1857, 121. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



79 



Sporadic diseases, on, 1834, 70. 

Springs, water of. Dr. Daubeny on their 

temperature, chemical constitution, and 

eifects on the animal economy, 1836, 7. 
, Dr. Daubeny on the influence of 

earthquakes upon, 1836, 43. 
, Dr. Daubeny on the origin of, 1836, 

58. 
, salt. Dr. Daubeny on the origin of, 

1836, 74. 
, mineral. Dr. Daubeny on their action 

upon the animal economy, 1836, 44. 
, mineral, Dr. Daubeny on the pro- 
ducts of, 18e36, 56. 
, thermal. Dr. Daubeny on the origin 

of, 1836, 59 ; geological position of, 62 ; 

theories of, 67 ; oxygen in, 42, 79. 

, thermal, catalogue of, 1836, 80-95. 

, hot, hints for observations of the 

temperature of, by Prof. J. D. Forbes, 

1840, 152. 
, on the supply of water from, to towns, 

by J. F. Bateman, 1855, 62. 
Squalidge of the Devonian system, 1843, 

197 ; of the Oolitic system, 201 ; of the 

Cretaceous system, 204 ; of the Tertiary 

system, 206 ; of the London clay, 1844, 

308. 
of New Zealand, 1842, 29 ; of the seas 

of China and Japan, 1845, 193 ; Irish, 

1840, 397 ; 1852, 292. 
Squirrels, North American, Sir J. Richard- 
son on the, 1836, 151. 
Standard scale, Aberdeen, F. Baily's report 

on the comparative measurement of the, 

1835, 91. 
Starch and sugar in food, J. B. Lawes and 

Dr. Grilbert on the equivalency of, 1854, 

Stars, periodical publications relating to 
the, a short account of, by G. B. Airy, 
1831-32, 126. 

, catalogues of, statement of the im- 
provements in, 1831-32, 135 ; an account 
of the more extended Star Catalogues, 143. 
, double, notices upon the measures of, 
1831-32, 146. 

, British Association Catalogue of (ex- 
tension of the Royal Astronomical So- 
ciety's Catalogvxe), reports on, 1838, 316 ; 
1839, i74j 1840, 425; 1841, 330; 1842, 
206 ; 1845, 340. 

, Lacaille's, in the Caelum Australe 

Stelliferwn, reports on the reduction of, 
1839, 171; 1840,427; 1841, 327; 1842, 
205 ; 1845, 339 ; 1847, 379. 

, Lalande's, in the Histoire Celeste, re- 
ports on the reduction of the, 1838, 316 ; 
1839, 174; 1840,426; 1841, 330; 1842, 
205; 1845, 339; 1847, 379. 

■ , reports of committee for revising the 

nomenclature of the, 1839, 172; 1840, 
426 ; 1841, 44 ; 1843, 292 ; 1844, 32. 

, nebulae observed in the six-feet re- 
flector, by the Earl of Rosse, 1849, 53. 

, falling. Vide Meteors. 



Statistics, vital, of Edinburgh and Leith, 
Glasgow, Aberdeen, Perth, and Dundee, 
1842, 121-204. 

of the Four Collectorates of Dukhun 

(Deccan), by Col. Sykes, 1837, 217. 

Steam, on the influence of temperature and 
powers of different metals in the genera- 
tion of, 1831-32, 454. 

Steam-engine boiler, on the changes which 
take place in heating a, 1844, 106. 

Steam-engines, report on a constant indi- 
cator for, by the Rev. Prof. Moseley, 
Prof. Hodgkinson, and J. Enys, 1841, 

307:— 

Preliminary remarks. 

Watt's indicator, 308. 

Morin's compteur, 308. 

Prof. Moseley 's indicator, 310. 

Theory of the indicator, 314. 

The springs, 317. 

Friction of the pistons, integrating 

wheel, &c., 320. 
Formulfe for determining the work 
of an engine by means of the indi- 
cator, 323. 
Second report, 1842, 98. 

Results of a trial of the constant in- 
dicator, 99. 
Comparison of the results given by the 
indicator with the experiments of 
Mr. Wicksteed, 102. 
Variations in the registration, 102. 

, Silver's marine and stationary engine 

governors, 1859, 123. 
, report of the committee for experi- 
ments on, 1843, 104 ; 1844, 90. 
, velocity -measuring machine for, 1844, 

9°- 

Steam navigation in Hull, J. Oldham on 
the rise, progress, and position of, 1853, 
45-52; 1857, 57; 1859, 119. 

Steam-ship performance, report of the com- 
mittee on, 1858, 239; 1859, 268; 1860, 
193. 

transport economy, C. Atherton on, 

1856,423; 1857, 112; 1859, 124. 

Steam -ships, A. Henderson on, in reference 
to shallow- water navigation in India, 1858, 
268. 

, on the performance of, the functions 

of the screw, and the relations of its dia- 
meter and pitch to the form of the vessel, 
by Admiral Moorsom, 1860, 172. 

, report of committee on their mea- 
surement for tonnage, 1856, 458 ; 1857, 
62. 

, statistics as data for the improve- 
ment of, report of committee on, 1858, 

239- 

, vide Shipping and Ships. 

Stearoptes, list of, 1831-32, 516. 

Steel, action of air and water on, 1840, 

221 ; 1843, I. 
, cast, exposed in simple contact with 

zinc, immersed in fresh water, R. Mallet 

on, 1840, 251 ; in s3a water, 251. 



80 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Steneosaurus, fossil, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 8a. 

Stomapoda, Irish, 1843, 268 ; 1858, 263. 

, British, list of, 1860, 223. 

Stones and other materials, Prof. Hodgkin- 
son on the strength of, 1842, 211. 

Storm clock of the Kew obserratory, 1844, 
142 ; description of the, 1850, 178. 

papers of the Kew observatory, spe- 
cimen of, 1844, 1 34. 

Storms, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the pheno- 
mena of, 1831-32, 248; 1840, 109. 

, revolving. Sir J. F. W. Herschel on, 

1843, 100. 

• , revolving, and explosions in coal- 
mines, report on the relation between, by 
T. Dobson, 1855, i. 

Strata, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the tempera- 
ture and conducting power of different, 
1840, 434. 

, report on recording the sections of, 

in railway excavations, 1841, 331 ; 1842, 
38; 1843,295. 

, folded, W. Hopkins on, 1847, 67. 

Stratification of rocks, cleavage distinct 
from. Prof. Phillips on, 1856, 370. 

Stratified beds at a fault, W. Hopkins on 
the relative displacement of, 1847, 62. 

Strength of materials, P. Barlow's report on 
the, 1833, 93 :— 

Formulae relating to cases of transverse 

strain, 100. 
Formulae relating to the deflection of 
beams in cases of transverse strain. 
Id. 
Table of the mean strength and elas- 
ticity of various materials, 103. 

• of cast iron, on the, 1837, 337, 377; 

1838, 312; 1842,88. 

of wrought iron at various tempera- 
tures, W. Fairbairn on the, 1856, 405 ; 
of rivet iron, 415. 

■ of stones, &c.. Prof. Hodgkinson on 

the, 1842, 211. 

Streptospondylus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen 
on, 1841, 88. 

Strigidae of North America, 1836, 168 ; 
of Dukhun, 1837, 248 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

365- 
Strontian and barytes, separation of, 1831- 

32, 475- 

in mineral waters. Dr. Daubenv on, 

1836, 15. 

StruthionidaB, Irish, 1840, 373. 
Sturionidae of North America, 1836, 221 ; 

of Ireland, 1840, 397 ; 1852, 292; of the 

China seas, 1845, 198. 
Sturnidae of North America, 1836, 176 ; of 

Ireland, 1840, 370. 
Submviriate of iron, 1832, 483. 
Subterranean forces, W. Hopkins on their 

effects on the solid crust of the earth, 

1847, 57, 74- 

— temperature, report of experiments on, 
by Prof. Phillips, 1836, 291. 

■ temperature in Ireland, report of com- 
mittee on, by T. Oldham, 1844, aai. 



Subterranean temperature of deep mines, 

1837, 134; 1840, 309; 1857, 96. 
Suchosaurus cultridens, fossil, British, Prof. 

Owen on, 1841, 67. 
Sugar and starch in food, J. B. Lawes and 

J)v. Gilbert on the equivalency of, 1854, 

421. 
Sulphate of copper in grain, &c., Prof. 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 482. 
Sulphur salts, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

440. 
— — in mineral waters. Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 460. 
Sulphuret of phosphorus and chlorine. Prof. 

Johnston on, 1831-32, 463. 
Sulphuretted hydrogen. Prof. Johnston on 

its action on nitric acid, 1831-32, 460. 
Sulphuric acid, anhydrous, mode of pre- 
paring, 1831-32, 462. 
acid, chlorohydrated, 1859, 5. 

acid. Dr. J. Blake on its action when 

introduced into the veins, 1846, 30. 

acid. Prof. Langberg on the specific 

gravity of, at different degrees of dilu- 
tion, 1847, I. 

acid and chloride of barium, or ni- 
trate of barytes, or acetate of barytes, 
or acetate of lead, or nitrate of lead, 
heat of combinations of. Dr. T. Andrews 
on the, 1849, 74. 

acid with water, heat of combination 

of, Dr. T. Andrews on the, 1849, 67. 

Sulphurous acid gas, method of preparing, 
1831-32, 461. 

Sun, suggestions for the observation of the 
total eclipse of the, 1850, 359. 

and moon, the old planets and their 

satellites, account of the principal ob- 
servations, tables, &c. of the, by G. B. 
Airy, 1831-32, 149. 

, blue, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the phe- 
nomena of a, 1840, 123. 

, on the coloured rings of the, 1840, 

135- 
Sun's disc, photographic register of the spots 
on the, 1854, xxxiv. 

rays, Pev. Prof. Powell on the heat 

of the, 1831-32, 283. 

Sungai language, 1847, 186. 

Sunset tints, secondary. Prof. J. D. Forbes 
on, 1840, 123. 

Survey, Ordnance, of Scotland, 1851, 370. 

Surveys, magnetic, 1838,49; 1841, 40; 1842, 
4 ; 1843, 59 ; 1844, 147 ; 1845, 3 ; 1857, 
130; 1859, xxxvii, 167. 

Sus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on the, 1843, 
228. 

Suspension bridges, C. Vignoles on the 
adaptation of, to sustain the passage of 
railway trains, 1857, 154; 1858, 293. 

, P. W. Barlow on the mechanical 

effect of combining girders and suspen- 
sion chains, &c., 1857, 238. 

Syllidffi, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
190, 198, 212, 213, 233. 

, British, 1860, 228. 



ItEPORTS, ETCi-— INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



81 



Sylviadae, North American, 1836, 171; of 
Dukhun, 1837, 149 ; of Ireland, 1840, 

367. 
^mphytum asperrimum and S. officinale, 

Prof. Buckman on the growth of, 1857, 

210. 
Sympiesometer, 1831-32, 227. 
Synaptidse, British, 1860, 230^ 
Syngnatliidas, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 396 ; 1852, 292. 

' of North America, 1836, 220; of 

New Zealand, 1840, 28 ; British, 1844, 

303- 
• of the China seas, Sir J. Eichardson 

on the, 1845, 202, 
Syro-Arabian languages, 1847, 247, 

Taeniadae, British, 1860, 229. 

Tsenioidei, British, 1840, 388 ; 1844, 30-2. 

Takue (or Boje) and Barea language, 1847, 
208. 

Talitrus, C. Spence Bate on, 1855, 26-57. 

Talpa, fossil, British, Prof, Ow^ti on the) 
1842,57,74. _ 

Tamus communis (Black Bryony), Prof. 
Buckman on, 1859, 29. 

Tantalidse of North America, 1836, 182 ; 
of Dukhun, 1837, 250. 

Tartaric and paratartaric acids, Prof. John- 
ston on, 1831-32, 500. 

Tectibranchiata of the ^gean Sea, Prof. 
E. Forbes on the, 1843, 133, 134, 187. 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 251; 1852, 292. 

of the West coast of North America, 

P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 353, 

Teidae, American, 1836, 200. 

Telegraph thermometer, Prof. Wheatstone 
on the, 1843, 128. 

• , tribothermic, P. Erman on a, 1845, 

107. 

Teleosaurus, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1841, 72: — T. Chapmanni, T. Cadomensis, 
T. aesthenodeirus. 

Telescope, achromatic, 1831-32, 135; inven- 
tion of, 312. 
" , aplanatic, 1831-32, 312. 

and equatorial mountings, report on 

the improvement of, by T. Grrubb, 1857, 

195- 
, large reflecting, the Earl of Rosse on, 

1844, 79. 

Tellina, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of, 1847, 103, 131. 
Tellinidse of the West coast of North 

America, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 

301. 

of Strangford Lough, 1857, 105-109. 

Telluric acid. Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

Tellurium, on the properties and combina- 
tions of, 1831-32, 471. 

, metallic, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

472. 

, persulphuret of, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 474. 



Tellurium, chlorides of, Prof. J<Dhnston on, 

1831-32, 474. 
Tellurous acid, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

472. 
Temperature, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the pro- 
gress of our knowledge of, 1831-32, 208 ; 

1840, 4^. 
— — , Prof. J. D. Forbes on the decrease of, 

with height, 1831^2, 218 ; 1840, 57. 
■-^ — of the globe and of space, 1831-32, 

221; 1840, 66. 
, Rev. Prof. Challis on the law of 

variation ©f, at different heights, 1836, 

229. 
' , J. Pv Harrison on lunar influence on, 

1857, 248; 1859, 193. 
and conducting power of different 

strata, Prof. Forbes on the, 1840, 434. 
of the Arctic regions, 1831-32, 216% 
, daily, in Bengal, on the, 1852, 252- 

261. 
of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

232. 
, observations for, at Birmingham, by 

W. Wills, 1852, 297. 
-^ , observations on, at Bombay, by Ge- 
neral Sabine, 1845, 73. 

observations at Point Barrow, J, 

Simpson on the, 1857, 159. 

, reports on the hourly observations of 

the thermometer, 1835, 181; 1838, 21; 
1839, 149; 1841, 328; 1842, 30; 1843, 

*95f- 
of hot springs, hints for observations 

of, 1840, 152. 
■ of deep mines, R. W. Fox on the, 

1837, 134; 1840, 309; 1857, 96. 
, subterranean, report of experiments 

on, by Prof. Phillips, 1836, 291. 
, subterranean, in Ireland, report of 

committee on the, by T. Oldham, 1844, 

221. 

tables, by Prof. W. H. Dove, with 

introductory remarks by General Edward 
Sabine, 1847, 373 ; supplement, 1848, 84. 

, Prof. H. W. Dove's remarks on his 

maps of the isothermal lines of the globe, 
and on the principal conclusions in re- 
gard to climatology deducible from them, 
1848, 85. 

Tenuirostres of North America, Sir J, 
Richardson on the, 1836, 178, 194. 

Terebellee, Dr. T. Williams on the, 1851, 
170-184, 193, 205, 226, 252, 271. 

, British, 1860, 228. 

.^— , Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 
structure of the shells of, 1844, 16 ; 1847, 

93' ^3°' 
Tertiary formations of North America, Prof. 

H. D. Rogers on the, 1834, 29, 49 ; older 

tertiary, or eocene, 43. 
system. Prof. Agassiz on the British 

fossil fishes of the, 1843, 206. 
Testacea of Dukhun, 1837, 252. 

of the iEgean Sea, Pi^of. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 156. 

a 



82 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Testacea of the West coast of North Ame- 
rica, 1856, 298. 
, British, enumeration of the depths, &c. 

at which they were taken on the southern 

and western coasts of England, and 

northern and western coasts of Scot- 
land, by Prof. E. Forbes, 1850, 200, 220, 

248. 

, British, list of, 1860, 218. 

of the North-east Atlantic, &c., 1856, 

101. 

, vide Dredging. 

, habits of the, C. W. Peach on the, 

1843, 129. 
, effect of metallic poisons on, 1843, 

25. 
, fossil, of North America, Prof. H. D. 

Eogersonthe, 1834, 61. 
Testudinata, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 

1840, 383. 
Testudinidas^North American, 1836, 199. 
, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 1841, 

160. 
Tetraonidae of North America, 1836, 180; 

of Ireland, 1840, 373 ; 1852, 291. 
Tetrodontidse of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 199, 317, 

318. 
Teuthige of the London clay. Prof. Agassiz 

on the, 1844, 288, 307. 
Thames-water, Dr. R. A. Smith on, 1848, 

25. 
Thecodontia, fossil. Prof. Owen on the, 

1859, 163. 
Thecodontosaurus, fossil, British, Prof. 

Owen on, 1841, 153 ; T. antiquus, 190. 
Thelphusa cunicularis of Dukhun, Col, 

Sykes on, 1837, 252. 
Theraponinse of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 235. 
Thermal springs of Dukhun, 1857, 230. 
■ waters, report on the state of our 

knowledge respecting, by Dr. Daubeny, 

1836, I ; catalogue of, 80. 
Thermo-chemistry, state of knowledge on 

the subject of, by Dr. T. Andrews, 1849, 

63- 

Thermo-electricity, Rev. Prof. Cumming's 

report on, 1831-32, 301. 

, Paul Erman on the influence of fric- 

• tion upon, 1845, 102. 
Thermometer, setherial, 1835, 163. 

for balloons, 1841, 59; 1843, 128. 

. , Sir W. S. Harris's report on the 

hourly observations of the, at Plymouth, 

1835, 181. 

sunk into trap rock, loose sand, and 

sandstone, results of observations upon, 
by Prof. J. D. Forbes, 1840, 434. 

Thermometers, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831- 
32, 208 ; 1840, 46. 

of the Kew observatorv, 1844, 127 ; 

1851, xxviii, 341, 364; 1852,xxviii; 1854, 
xxvii, xxxii; 1855, xxx; 1856, xxxi. 

■Thermometrical observations at Point Bar- 
row, by J. Simpson, 1857, 159. 



Thermo-multiplier, Nobili and Melloni's, 
1831-^2, 265; 1835, 167. 

Thermostat, or heat governor, for regu- 
lating temperature. Dr. A. TJre on the, 
1833, 419. 

Thistles, experiments on the growth of, 
1857, 214; 1859,26; 1860, 39. 

Thorium, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 
476. 

Thracia of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 
on the, 1843, 143, 191. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell in the, 1844, 10 ; 1847, 103, 
104, 131. 

Tibboo language, on tho, 1847, 215. 

Tidal wave, on the, 1837, 417. 

wave of the Frith of Forth, on the, 

1840, 442. 

Tide calculations, report on, 1839, 13. 

Tide-gauge curves, observations of the ' dis- 
placement of summit' of the, 1840, 

439- 
Tides, Sir J. W. Lubbock's report on the, 

1831-32, 189. 
, self- registering machine to give the 

time and height of high water, 1831-32, 

193' 
of the River Tliames, G. and J. Renni© 

on the, 1834, 486-512. 
, discussions of observations of the, 

1836,285; 1837, 103; 1838, 19; 1839, 

13; 1840, 436-441 ; 1841, 30, 33. 

at Bristol, on the, 1841, 30. 

of the Frith of Forth and the east 

coast of Scotland, report on the, by J. S. 

Russell, 1843, no. 
, river and ocean. Prof. G. Stokes on 

the theory of, 1846, 9. 
, report on an expedition for the pur- 
pose of completing our knowledge of the, 

1847, 134. 
Timber, table of the mean strength and 

elasticity of, 1833, 103. 
Timber-trees of Dukhun, 1837, 245 ; of 

India, 1851, 97. 
Tonnage of ships, on, 1856, 458 ; 1857, 62, 

112; 1858, 244. 
, tabular comparison of the old, the 

present, and proposed measurement for, 

1857, 87. 
Tornatella of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 140, 

191 ; Irish, 1843, 259; South European, 

1850, 270 et seq. ; British, 1850, 204 ; 

1860, 219. 
Torpedinidag of the China and Japan seas. 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 196. 
Tortoise, large Emydian, from the Kim-. 

meridge clay, 1841, 168. 
Tortoises, new red sandstone, 1841, 160. 

, oolite, 1841, 160. 

Towns in Scotland, report of committee on 

the vital statistics o^ 1842, 121. 
, on the supply of water to, by J. F. 

Bateman, 1855, 62. 
, on the air and water of, by Dr. A. 

J.Smith, 1848, 16; 1851,66. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP SUBJECTS, 



83 



Transcendentals, algebraical, R. L. Ellis on, 
. 1846, 34, 

Transformations of a series of factorial 
exponentials, Q-. Plaar on certain, 1857, 

Transit and zenith distances, on instruments 
for measuring, 1832, 133, 

Translation and publication of foreign sci- 
entific memoirs, reports on, 1840, 446; 
1841, 328; 1842, 210; 1843, 129. 

Trap rocks of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the 
structure and mineral composition of, 
1837, 219, 227, 230, 

Travagini (F,) on earthquakes, 1850, 12, 

Trees of India, 1837, 245, 255; 1851, 97. 

, on their effect on the climate and pro- 
ductiveness of a country, 1851, 100, 

Trematoda, British, 1860, 229, 

-. , Irish, 1843, 277. 

Tretosternon punctatum, Prof. Owen on, 
1841, 165, 

Trevitheck's water-pressure engine, 1848, 
14. 

Triassic system, Prof. Agassiz on the British 
fossil fishes of the, 1843, 199, 

Tridacnaceaa, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of the shells of, 1847, 
loa 

Trifolium pratense and T, medium. Prof, 
Buckman on the growth of, 1857, 209. 

Triglidas of the China and Japan seas, Sir 
J. fiichard>5on on the, 1845, 213, 320, 

Trigonace^e, Dr. Carpenter on the micro- 
scopic structure of tlie shells of, 1847, 
100, 

Trigonella foenum-grsecum. Prof. Buckman 
on the growth of, 1859, 28. 

Trigonometry, Rev, Dr. Peacock on the pro- 
gress of the science of, 1833, 288, 

of the parabola. Rev. Dr. Booth oa 

the, 1856, 68. 

Trimorphous bodies, Prof. Johnston on, 
1837, 197. 

Trionychidae of North America, 1836, 200, 

Trionvx, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 
1841, 168. 

Tritoniadae, J. Alder and A. Hancock on 
the British species of, 1844, 25, 26. 

of the JSgeanSea, 1843, 133; Irish, 

1843, 250 ; West coast of North America, 
1856, 312; British, 1850, 241; 1860, 
220. 

Trochidge of the ^Egean Sea, Prof. E, Forbes 
on the, 1843, 138, 189. 

-, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1843, 

256. 

Trochilidae of North America, Sir J. Rich- 
ardson on the, 1836, 178, 194. 

Trochus, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of, 1847, 116. 

Trogonidee of America, Sir J. Richardson 
on the, 1836, 180. 

Tropical forests, report on the probable 
effects of the destruction of, 1851, 78. 

Troughton's mural circle, 1831-32, 132. 

Trygonidse [Trygonisidic] of the China and 



Japan seas, Sir J. Richardson on the, 
1845, 197, 317, 

Tubes, cylindrical, W. Fairbairn on the re- 
sistance of, to collapse, 1857, X15, 

TubicoljB, Irish, 1843, 263 ; British, 1850, 
205; 1860, 221, 22a; North-east Atlan- 
tic, &c, 1856, 102. 

, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1847, 106. 

Tubuliporidae, British, 1860, 231, 

Tumali languages, 1847, 198, 

Tunicata, Rev. L. Jenyns on the, 1834, 224. 

of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1843, 146, 

of Ireland, W. Thompson on the, 

1843, 264; 1852, 292, 

ofStrangford Lough, 1857, 105, 11 1. 

, British, list of, compiled by R. M 'An- 
drew, 1860, 222. 
, list of, for local museums, 1855, 

117, 
Turbine or horizontal water-wheei of France 

and 0-ermany, J. Glynn on the, 1847, 

147, 

, Prof. J, Thomson on the, 1852, 317. 

Turbinidae, JEgean, 1843, 136 ; of Ireland, 

W. Thompson on the, 1843, 254; 1852, 

292. 
Turbo, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 

the shell of, 1847, 116, 133. 
Turnips, experiments on the growth o£i 

1859, 34, 38. 

Turnip -seed adulterated with Indian rape- 
seed, 1859, 27, 

Turpentine, oil of, analysed, 1831-32, 512. 

Turritella of thcTEgean Sea, 1843, 137, 189; 
Irisli, 1843,255; British, 1850, 201,224; 

1860, Z19 ; South European, 1850, 266; 
North-east Atlantic, 1856, 124; West 
coast of North America, 1856, 325, 

Typhid^e, C. Spence Bate on the, 1855, 59, 
Typical objects in natural history, report 
on, 1855, io8; 1856, 461, 

Ugro-Tartarian languages, 1847, 244, 
Ultramarine, artificial, Prof. Johnston on, 

1831-32, 474, 
Unduiatory theory of light, 1831-32, 310, 

317; 1834, 295. 
Unguiculata, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on. 

the, 1842, 54. 
Ungulata, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on 

the, 1843, 208. 
Unio, Dr. Carpenter on the microscopic 

structure of the shells of, 1844, 21 ; 1847, 

Unio'nidae', Irish, 1843, 261 ; of the West 

coast of North America, 1856, 248, 309. 
Uralite of Arendal in Norway, Prof. Forcli- 

hammer on, 1844, 165. 
Uranoscopidae of the China and Japan seas, 

Sir J. Richardson on the, 1845, 211. 
Urasteridag, oolitic, 1856, 402. 
Urea, artificial formation of, 1831-32, 524 ; 

cyan urate of, 524. 
Uric acid, analysis of, 1831-32, 524, 
g2 



B4 



REPORTS, ETC. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Ursidie, fossil, British, Prof. Owen on, 

1842, 62. 
of North America, 1836, 14a ; Irish, 

1840, 359. 
iTrus priscus (fossil Aurochs), British, Prof. 

Owen on the, 1843, 232. 

Vanadiate of lead, Prof. Johnston on, 1831- 
32, 470. 

Vanadic acid. Prof Johnston on, 1831-32, 
469. 

Vanadium, Prof. Johnston an, 1831-32, 
468. 

Vane, wind-, Kew observatory, 1844, 129. 

Vapour in the atmosphere, on the distribu- 
tion of, 1840, 1 01. 

Vapours and gases, on the density of, 1831- 
32, 421. 

Varnishes and paints for iron, on, 1838, 
287 ; 1840, 238 ; 1843, 19, 23. 

Vegetable acids, Prof Johnston on, 1831- 
32, 500; list of, 506. 

-^ alkalies, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

499, 508 ; list of, 510. 

— — alkalies. Dr. Daubeny on the nomen- 
clature of the, 1851, 127. 

anatomy, Prof Lindley on, 1833, 27. 

chemistry, Prof. Johnston on, 1831-32, 

496. 

fertilization, Prof. Lindley on, 1833, 

45- 

juices, remarkable action of the spec- 
trum on, 1850, 149. 

kingdom, typical epitome of, for local 

museums, 1855, 123, 124. 

physiology, Prof. Lindley on, 1833,49. 

physiology, Prof. Henfrey on the re- 
production of the higher cryptogamous 
plants, 1851, 102. 

principles, are they educts or products, 

1831-32, 499 ; indifferent, list of, by Prof. 
Johnston, 514. 

products imported into Liverpool, 

Prof. T. C. Archer's report on the, 1857, 
254. 

^ products imported into the Clyde, 

M. Connal and W. Keddie's report on 

• the, 1858, 185. 

— — substances, indifferent, on, 1831-32, 

' 5"- 
. substances, report of the committee 

on the preservation of, by Rev. Prof. 

Henslow, 1840, 421; 1842, 40. 

wax, analysis of, 1831-32, 512. 

Vegetables and fruits of Dukhun, Col. Sykes 
, on the, 1837, 239, 242. 
^ J esculent, experiments on the growth 

of, by Prof. Buckman, 1857, 211 ; 1859, 

29 ; 1860, 37. 
, report of committee on the registra- 
tion of periodical phenomena of, 1845, 

321 ; 1849, 78 ; 1850, 338. 
Veins, mineral, on the state of knowledge 

respecting, by J. Taylor, 1833, i. 
— — , metallic, report of experiments on the 

electricity of, by R. W. Fox, 1837, 133. 



Velocity-measuring machine, 1844, 90. 
Veneridte of the West coast of North Ame- 
rica, P. P. Carpenter on the, 1856, 305. 

of Strangford Lough, 1857, 105-109. 

Vermetidae of the West coast of North 

America, 1856, 324. 
Vermetus of the ^gean Sea, 1843, 137, 
189 ; South European, 1850, 266 et seq. ; 
North-east Atlantic, 1856, 149. 
Vertebrata, state of our knowledge respect- 
ing the, by Rev. L. Jenyns, 1834, 160. 

, Irish, W. Thompson on the, 1840, 

358 ; 1852, 291 ; catalogue of, 1840, 401. 

of North America, 1836, 137. 

, vide Fauna of Ireland. 

and land animals, traces of, taken in 

the dredge. Prof. E. Forbes on, 1850, 
247. 
Vertebrate skeleton, report on the archer 
type and homologies of the, by Prof. 
Owen, 1846, 169-340: — 

Part I. Special homology, 169. 
Part 11. General homology, 240. 
Part III. Serial homology, 332. 
Table I. Synonyms of the laones of the 

head of vertebrata, 338. 
Table II. Synonyms of the elements of 

the typical vertebra, 338. 
Table III. Synonyms of the bones of 
the head, 338. 
VespertiHo of North America, 1836, 138 ; 

of Ireland, 1840, 358 ; 1852, 291. 
Vesta, planet, discovery of, 1831-32, 157. 
Vetches, Prof Buckman on the growth of, 

1857, 208 ; 1859, 29. 
Vibrations, musical, in tubes, on, 1833, 140. 

, propagation of, along a cylindrical 

tube, 1847, 75; along a solid bar, 78; 
through a solid mass, 79. 
Vicia angustifolia. Prof. Buckman on the 

growth of, 1857, 208 ; 1859, 29. 
Vinegar, Prof. Johnston on the manufacture 

of, 1831-32, 504. 
Viola odorata. Prof. Buckman on the growth 

of, 1859, 24. 
Vitrifaction and other applications of high 
heat, report on a gas-furnace for experi- 
ments on, by Rev. W. V. Harcom-t, 1844, 
82. 
Volcanic action in N. America, on, 1834, 7. 
action, M. Bischoff's theory of, 1847, 

39- 

forces, mode of action of, 1847, 35. 

Volcanos, W. Hopkins on the phenomena 
and theories of, 1847, 33 ; chemical 
theory of, 38. 

Voltaic electrometers of the Kew observa- 
tory, 1844, 123; comparison of, 135; 
1851, 337. 

Voluta, Dr. Carpenter on the structure of 
the shell of the, 1847, 109. 

Vulturidge of North America, 1836, 167, 
168, 191; of Dukhun, 1837, 248; of Ire- 
land, 1852, 291. 

Water, Rev. W. Vernon Harcourt on the 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



S5 



daim of Watfc and Cavendish to the dis- 
coyery of the composition of, 1839, 8. 

Water, Prof. Johnston on the maximum 
density of, 1831-32, 453. 

, on the colouring matter of, 1836, 

35- 
, instruments for drawing it up from 

great depths. Dr. Daubeny on, 1836, 5. 
of towns, Dr. R. A. Smith on the, 

1848, 16 ; 1851, 66. 
to towns, report by J. F. Bateman on 

the supply of, 1855, 62 : — 
Introduction. 

1. From springs, 65. 

2. From Artesian wells, or from the 

water to be obtained from absorbent 
geological strata, 69. 

3. From rivers, 72. 

4. From gathering grounds, where the 

surplus water of wet seasons is 
collected into large storeage re- 
servoirs, 73. 

5. From natural lakes, 77. 

of wells, Dr. R.A.Smith on the, 1848, 

22. 
, Rev. Prof. Challis on the compres- 
sibility of, 1833, 131. 
, Prof. J. Thomson on the measure- 
ment of, bv triangular notches in weir 
boards, 1856, 46; 1858, 181 ; 1860, 217. 

, sea, comparative analytical researches 

on, by Prof. Forchhammer, 1846, 90. 

and air, their action upon cast iron, 

wrought iron, and steel, 1838, 253 ; 1840, 
221; 1843, I. 
and sulphuric acid, heat of combina- 
tion of, 1849, 67. 
Waters, mineral, sulphur in, 1831-32, 460 ; 
organic matter in, 52 1- 

, mineral and thermal. Dr. Daubeny's 

report on, 1836, 1-95: — 
Definition. 

Atmospheric water, i. 
Water of seas, 3. 
Gases in sea-water, 6. 
Water of lakes, 6. 
Water of springs, 7 : — 
Temperature. 
Chemical constitution. 
Effects on the animal economy. 
Analysis of mineral waters, 47. 
On factitious mineral waters, 53. 
Products of springs, 56. 
Origin of springs in general, 58. 
Origin of thermal springs, 59. 
Geological position of thermal springs, 

62. 
Theories of thermal springs, 67. 
Origin of the carbonic acid evolved 

from springs, 71. 
Origin of the nitrogen in springs, 71. 
Origin of the sulphuretted hydrogen 

in springs, 73. 
Origin of salt springs, 74. 
Works on mineral waters, 76. 
Catalogue of thermal springs, 80-95. 



Waterfalls, on employing the power . of, 

1848, II. 
Water-mill, double, 1847, 150. 
Water-pressure engines, J. Glynn on, 1848, 

II. 
machinery, on the application of, by 

Sir W. G. Armstrong, 1854, 417. 
Water-wheel, horizontal, of France and 

Germany, on the, 1847, 147. 
, vortex. Prof. J. Thomson on the, 1852, 

317- 
Watt's indicator for steam-engines, 1841, 

308. 
Waves, Rev. Prof. Challis on the problem 
of, 1833, 142. 

, results obtained by theory respecting 

the nature of, 1833, 147. 

, report on, by Sir J. Robison and J. 

Scott Russell, 1837, 417-496: — 

Subjects of inquiry : WTiat is a vi^ave ? 
Of what nature are the waves of the 
sea ? Is the tidal elevation a wave 
obeying the same laws with any 
order of wave? Is the propagation 
of the tide- wave affected by local 
winds ? and, if so, in what manner ? 
Method of inquiry, 420. 
General results of these inquiries, 

.4^3- 

First series of observations: experi- 
ments on waves in. artificial reser- 
voirs, 428. 

Experimental apparatus, 432. 

Second series of observations : on the 
waves of the sea, 445. 

Third series of observations: on the 
tide- wave of the River Dee, 451. 

Fourth series of observations : on the 
tide-wave of the River and Frith of 
Clyde, 457. 

Description of the tables containing 
the original observations of the waves 
in artificial channels, made in 1837, 

463- 
Explanation of tables, 436 ; tables, 465. 
Description of plates, 495. 

, further reports on, 1838, 315 ; 1840, 

441 ; 1841, 325. 

, report on, by J. S. Russell, 1844, 

311:— 
Introduction, 311. 
The nature of waves and their variety, 

313- 
Table I. System of water waves, 

.317- 
Section I. Wave of the first order (the 
wave of translation), 319, 330. 

Table II. History of a solitary wave of 
the first order, 326. \ 

Table III. Determination of the velo- 
city of the wave of the first order, 

329- 
Table IV. Velocity of larger waves, 

330- 
Table V. Velocity of smaller waves, 

330- 



86 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



WaTes, etmtinued. 

Table VI. Small wares, 335. 
Table VII. Large vraves, 336. 
Table VIII. Ke-discussion of the ob- 
Bervations by the method of curves, 

337- 
Table IX. Velocity due to a wave of 

the first order, 338. 
Table X. Phenomena of wave of the 

first order, 342. 
Table XI. Observations on the velocity 

of negative waves of the first order, 

348. 
Table XII. Observations on the velocity 

of negative waves of the first order, 

349. 
Table XIII. Observed heights of a 

wave in channel of variable breadth, 

353- 
Table XIV. Observations in a channel 

of variable depth, 353. 
Table XV. Observations on the wave 
of the first order in triangular chan- 
nels, 355. 

Table XVI. Observations on the lateral 
diffusion of the wave of the first 
order, generated in a narrow channel 
and transmitted into a wide reser- 
voir, 358. 

Table XVII. Observalions on the dif- 
fusion of the wave of the first order 
round an axis of original transmis- 
sion, 360. 

Table XVIII. The velocity of the wave 
of the first order, 361. 
Section II. Waves of the second order 
(oscillating waves), 363. 

Table XIX. Observations on the length 
and velocity of waves of the second 
order, 367. 

Table XX. Observations on the length 
and velocity of waves of the second 
order — in the sea, 371. 

Table XXI. Length, period, and velocity 
of transmission of waves of the' second 
order, 374. - 

Section III. Waves of the third order 
(capillary waves), 375. 

Table XXII. Observations on the ve- 
locity, distance, and divergence of 
waves of the third order, 377. 

Table XXIII. Comparison of experi- 
ments on the divergence due to given 
velocities of genesis, 379. 

Table XXIV. For determining the 
velocity of currents or moving 
bodies by observations of divergence, 
380. 
Section IV. Waves of the fourth order 
(the corpuscular wave), 382. 

Description of the plates, 383-390. 

, Pi\)f. Stokes on the theory of, 1846, 

4-— 

Long waves, 4. 
Oscillatory waves, 5. 
Solitary waves, 8. 



Waves, atmospheric, Prof. J. D. Forbes's 

remarks on, 1831-32, 235. 
, atmospheric. Sir J. F. W. Herschel 

on, 1843, 60, 98. 
, atmospheric, reports on, by W- R. 

Birt, 1844, 267; 1845, 112; 1846, 119, 

372; 1847, 351; 1848,35. ^^. ^ ^ 
, analogies of transmission of bght and 

heat by, 1864, 351. 
Weasels and martins of North America, 

1836, 143 ; of Ireland, 1840, 359. 
Weber's inductive inclinometer, 1842, 9. 
Weeds, experiments on the growth of, by 

Prof. Buckman, 1857, 214; 1860, 39. 
Weights and measures of Dukhun, Col. 

Sykes on the, 1837, 327. 
Weir-boards, Prof. J. Thomson on the 

measurement of water by, 1856, 46 ; 

1858, 181 ; 1860, 217. 
Well-water, on, 1848, 22 ; 1851, 66. 
Wells, artesian, on the supply of water to 

towns from, by J. P. Bateman, 1855, 69. 
Werner's theory of mineral veins, &c., 1832, 

369 ; 1833, 7. 
Westgarth's water-pressure engine, 1848, 

12. 
Wheat, experiments on the growth of, by 

Prof. Buckman, 1857, 2c6 ; 1859, 42. 
Whitelaw's water-mill, 1847, 159. 
Wind, Prof. J. D. Forbes on, 1831-32, 246 ; 

1840, IG2, 155. 
, Prof. Phillips's anemometrical re- 
searches, 1846, 340 ; 1848, 97. 
Winds, as connected Avith barometrical 

movements. Sir J. F. W. Herschel on 

the, 1843, 99. 
of Dukhun, Col. Sykes on the, 1837, 

236. 
Wind-vane of the Kew observatory, 1844, 

29. 
Woloff language, 1847, 159. 
Wolves, American, 1836, 145. 
Wood, on the cause of the formation of, 

1833, 36. 
, mean strength and elasticity of vari- 
ous kinds of, 1833, 103. 
Wood-engraving as applied to ornithology, 

1844, 201. 
Worms, British, Dr. T. Williams on, 1851, 

159. 

Xanthin, a colouring matter, Dr. Schunck 

on, 1848, 58, 69. 
Xyphiidje of the sea of Japan, 1845, 276. 
of the London clay, 1844, 308. 

Yarriba language, 1847, 171. 

Zeidae of the China and Japan seas, 1845, 
266. 

Zenith distances, on instruments for mea- 
suring. 1831-32, 133. 

Zinc, action of sulphuric acid on, 1831-32, 
477 ; oxide of, 477. 

— — as a protection to iron against cor- 
rosion, 1838, 290 ; 1840, 246 ; 1843, 20. 



-INDEX OF SUBJECTS, 



87 



Zinc, solution of, in nitric acid, Dr. T. 
Andrews on the heat of combination of, 
1849, 75. 

, sulphate of, and chloride of barium, 
or nitrate of barjtes, or acetate of lead, 
Dr. T, Andrews on the heat of combina- 
tions of, 1849, 72, 73. 

in mineral waters, 1836, 15. 

Zinc-paint as a covering for iron, 1840, 
241. 

Zoantharia, list of, from the coast of Ireland, 
1858, 180. 

, British, 1860, 233. 

Zodiacal light, on the radiation of heat 
from the, 1854, 354, 

Zonuridte, American, 1836, 200. 

Zoological nomenclature, report of a com- 
mittee on, 1842, 1C5 ; 1843, 119 ; of the 
Annelida, 1851, 159. 

Zoology, report on the progress of, bj the 
Rev. L. Jenyns, 1834, 143-251: — 

1. Introduction, 144. 

2. Of the primary types of form, and 

their leading divisions, in the ani- 
mal kingdom, 149. 

3. Of the several classes in the animal 

kingdom, 159. 
I, Yertebrata, i6o: — 

1. Mammalia. 

2. Aves. 

3. Reptilia. 

4. Pisces. 

II. Annulosa, 184: — 

1. Annelida. 

2. Crustacea, 

3. Arachnida. 

4. Myriapoda. 

5. Insecta. 
III. Mollusca, 2 1 3 : — • 

1. Cephalopoda. 

2. Pteropoda. 

3. G-asteropoda. 

4. Brachiopoda. . 

5. Tunicata. 

6. Cirripeda. 
IV. Radiata, 227 : — 

1. Echinodermata. 

2. Entozoa. 

3. Acalepha. 

4. Polypi. 

5. Infusoria. 
Conclusion, 246. 

, North American, report on, by Sir J. 

Richardson, 1836, 121-224: — 
Introduction. 
Physical geography, 123. 
Climate, 128. 
Observations on the Mammalia : — 

Quadrumana, 137. 

Carnivora, 138. 

Marsupialia, 149. 

Rodentia, 150. 

Edentata, 158. 

Pachydermata, 159. 

Ruminantia, 159. 

Cetacea, 161. 



Zoology, continued. 
Aves, 164. 
Reptilia, 197. 
Pisces, 202. 
, marine, British, report on the in- 
vestigation of, by means of the dredge, 
by Prof. E. Forbes, 1850, 192 :— 

Introduction. 

Table I. Analysis of dredging-papers 
drawn up on the southern and west- 
ern coasts of England, 196. 

Table II. Enumeration of the depths, 
&c. at which species of testaceous 
Mollusca were taken on the southern 
and western coasts of England, 
200. 

Table III. Enumeration of the depths, 
&c. at which species of Echinoder- 
mata were taken on the southern and 
western coasts of England, 211. 

Table IV. Analysis of dredging-papers 
drawn up on the western and north- 
ern coasts of Scotland, 212. 

Table V. Enumeration of the depths, 
&c. at which species of testaceous 
Mollusca were taken on the northern 
and western coasts of Scotland, 220. 

Table VI. Enumeration of the depths, 
&c. at which species of Echinoder- 
mata were taken on the northern 
and western coasts of Scotland, 239. 
Record of classes and tribes partially ob- 
served : — 

Mollusca Nudibranchiata, 241. 

Cephalopoda, 241. 

Ascidia, 241. 

Bryozoa, 242. 

Crustacea, 243. 

Cirripedes, 244, 

Annelida, 244- 

Zoophyta, 245. 

Amorphozoa, 246. 

Plants taken by the dredge, 246. 

Traces of Vertebrata and land animals 
taken by the dredge, 247. 

Fossil remains taken by the dredge, 
247. 
Greneral considerations : — 

Numerical distribution of species in 
depth, 248. 

How far the nature of the sea-bottom 
determines the number and diffusion 
of species, 250. 

Gregarious and prolific species, 251. 

Generic and subgeneric groups con- 
fined to particular zones in depth, 
253. 

Relation of colour to distribution, 

254- 

Condition of the exuviae of marine In- 
vertebrata taken in the dredge, 254 ; 
phenomena of the horizontal distri- 
bution of species on the western 
shores of Great Britain, 254. 

The northern and southern provinces 
of the western coast of Great Biu- 



88 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF SUBJECTS* 



Zoology, marine, continued. 

tain may be distinguished by cer- 
tain Mollusca of tlie littoral zone, 
255. 

The differences between the northern 
and southern provinces are equally 
shown by the sublittoral Testacea, 
255. 

Numerical compariscms of the Testacea 
and hard Echinodermata inhabiting 
the regions explored, with the num- 
ber of British species, 257. 

Causes which seem to determine or to 
have determined the peculiarities of 
the horizontal distribution of species 
on the western coast of Great Bri- 
tain, 261. 

Desiderata, 263. 



Zoology, marine, of Great Britain, reports 

on, 1840, 444; 1841, 331; 1842, 213; 

1844, 390; 1850, 192; 1857, 104; 1858, 

176, 282; 1859, ir6. 
of Ireland, on the, 1840, 353 ; 1843, 

245 ; 1852, 290 ,* collections illustrative 

of the, 1843, 289. 
of Dukhun, Col. Sykes <mi the, 1837, 

245. 
Zoophytes, Rev. L. Jenyns on the state of 

our knowledge of, 1834, 236. 
— — of the ^gean Sea, Prof. E. Forbes on 

the, 1843, 151. 
, British, and localities, Prof. E. Forbes 

on the, 1850, 245. 
of Ireland, on the, 1843, 282 ; 1852» 

296; 1857, 235. 
- — of the Frith of Clyde, 1856, 51. 



REPORTS, &c. 

INDEX OF PLACES. 



Aberdeen and suburbs, vital statistics of, 
1842, izi. 

, A. Thomson's report on the indus- 
trial feeding schools of, 1859, 44. 

Abyssinia, on the table-land of, 1846, 70. 

, on the languages of, 1847, 223, 

Acapulco, a list of the shells of, 1856, 170, 
282, 285, 354. 

Adriatic, geological section across Europe 
from the north of Scotland to the, 1832, 
412. 

JEgean Islands, earthquakes of the, 1858, 
18. 

Sea, report on the moUusca and radi- 

ata of the, by Prof. Forbes, 1843, 130. 

Africa, short notice of the bibliography of 
the ornithology of, 1844, 191. 

, on the languages of, 1847, 154. 

, on the ornithology of, 1844, 191. 

, on the ethnographical philology of, 

1847, 154. 

, islands of the Atlantic, mean tempe- 
rature of each month, each season, and 
whole year in, 1847, 373 (Table 6). 

, Northern, earthquakes of, 1858, 17. 

, South, mean temperature of each 

month, each season, and whole year in, 
1847, 373 (Table 18). 

, Southern, on the magnetic survey of, 

1842, 4. 

Airedale, on the lead-mining district in, 
1858, 169. 

Alabama, State of, organic remains in, 1834, 
61. 

Algiers, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 17. 

, Bay of, marine invertebrata of, 1850, 

284. 

Alston Moor, some galvanic experiments at 
the lead district of, 1839, 23. 

America, on the languages of, 1847, 250. 

, Central, short notice of the biblio- 
graphy of the ornithology of, 1844, 194. 
, Central, earthquakes of, 1858, 24. 

, North, H. D. Eogers's report on the 

geology of, 1834, 1-66 : — 
Physical geography, 1. 
Geology of the United States, 6. 
Volcanic action, 7. 
Alluvial deposits, 8. 
Recent changes in the Mississippi, 9. 
Alluvial terraces, 10. 



America, North, continued. 

Of the coast islands, and their pro- 
bable origin, 11. 

Raised estuary formations of the Gulf 
of Mexico, 13. 

Diluvial action over North America, 

Ancient alluvium, 18. 

Fossil mammalia of the United States, 

23- 
Localities of fossil mammalia, 25. 
Tertiary formations^ 29. 
Synoptical table of recent and tertiary- 
formations of the United States, 30. 
Newer pleiocene of St. Mary's County, 

Maryland, 33. 
Formations of the older pleiocene and 

meiocene periods, 35. 
Geographical range of the older pleio* 

eene and meiocene formations, 36. 
Older tertiary, or eocene, 43. 
Steps in the history of the tertiary 
formations of the tjnited States, 49. 
Cretaceous formations, 50. 
Calcareous formations, 51, 56. 
Ferruginous sands of New Jersey, 52, 

56. 
Nummulite limestone, 59. 
Organic remains discovered in New 
Jersey, Delaware, and Alabama, 61. 

, North, report on the zoology of, 183&, 

121 : — 
Physical geography, 123. 
Climate, 128. 
Mammalia, 137. 
Cetacea, 161. 
Aves, 164. 
Reptilia, 197. 
Pisces, 202. 
, North, short notice of the biblio- 
graphy of the ornithology of, 1844, 192. 

, North, on the magnetic survey of, 

1841, 40 ; 1842, 4 ; 1843, 59 ; 1844, 147 ; 
1845, 3. 

, North, on the moUusca of the west 

coast of, 1856, 159. 
, South, short notice of the biblio- 
graphy of the ornithology of, 1844, 195. 

, South, mean temperature of eaeh 

month, each season, and whole year in, 
1847, 373 (Table 5), 



90 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF PLACES. 



Amlwch copper-mines, on the torrefaction 

of yellow copper pyrites at, 1831-32, 78. 
Anastasia Island, eastern coast of Florida, 

geology of, 1834, 11. 
Anglesea, dredging-operations round the 

coast of, 1844, 390. 
Antilles, earthquakes of the, 1858, 25. 
Antrim, marine zoology of the coast of, 

1858, 282. 
Arctic regions, temperature of the, 1831-32, 

216. 
regions, mean temperature of each 

month, each season, and whole year in the, 

1847, 373 (Table 1) ; 1848, 84 (Table 1). 
Arkendale, on the lead-mining district in, 

1858, 168. 

JLrmagh and DubHn, determination of the 
arc of longitude between the observatories 
of, 1839, 19. 

Artrea, co. Tyrone, chemical examination 
of the Permian magnesian limestone of, 

1859, 67. 

Ashantee, languages of, 1847, 169. 

Asia, earthquakes of the northern zone of, 

1858, 28, 29, 30. 
Minor, short notice of the bibliography 

of the ornithology of, 1844, 185. 
Astoria, fossil shells from the sandstone of, 

1856, 367. 
Atlantic Ocean, analysis of the water of the, 

1846, 90. 
, earthquakes of the basin of the, 1858, 

19. 
■ , islands of the, mean temperature of 

each month, each season, and whole year 

in the, 1847, 373 (Table 6). 
, North-east, and neighbouring seas, on 

the marine testaceous mollusca of the, 

1856, 10 1, 134. 
Aust Cliff, near Bristol, on the fossil reptiles 

of, 1839, 60, 78, 80, 83; 1841, 159. 
Australia, report on the extinct mammals 

of, by Prof, Owen, 1844, 223. 
, short notice of the bibliography of 

the ornithology of, 1844, 189. 
— — , mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 373 

(Table 18). 
Austria, magnetic survey of, 1844, 148. 
Austrian dominions, mean temperature of 

each month, each season, and whole year 

in, 1847, 373 (Table 14). 

Barbary, coast of, on the mollusca and other 

marine animals of, 1850, 264. 
Barrow, Point. See Point Barrow. 
Battle, on the Hylaeosaurus from the 

Wealden formation of, 1841, iii. 
• Abbey, on the Cetiosaurus of the 

Wealden near, 1841, 99. 
Bay of Naples, marine invertebrata of the, 

1850, 298. 
Belfast Bay, mollusca of, 1857, 220. 

, zoophytes of, 1857, 235. 

, Crustacea of, 1858, 291. 

— — , polyzoa of, 18^8, 293. 



Belfast Dredging committee, reports of the, 
1855, 143 ; 1857, 220 ; 1858, 282, 288 ; 
1859, 116. 

Belgium, earthquakes of, 1858, 11. 

, on the state of mathematics in, 1835, 

35- 

and Holland, mean temperature of 

each month, each season, and whole year 
in, 1847, 373 (Table 9). 

Bengal, on the temperature and rain in, 
1852, 252. 

Birmingham, on the meteorology of, 1852, 
297. 

, Mr. Osier's report on the observa- 
tions recorded by the self-registering 
anemometer at, 1840, 321. 

Bitton, Gloucestershire, on the fossil rep- 
tiles from the lias of, 1839, 62, 71, 77, 
116. 

Bognor, on the Crocodilus Spenceri from 
the eocene clay of, 1841, 67. 

Bolney, on the Hylaeosaurus from the 
Wealden formation of, 1841, 11 1. 

Bombay, on some points in the meteorology 
of, by General Sabine, 1845, 73. 

observatory, 1845, 75. 

Bonny, Africans of the neighbourhood of, 
1846, 117. 

Bornholm, on the alum slate of, 1844, 161. 

Bornu, on the languages of, 1847, 184. 

Breslau, observatory at, Prof. Von Bogus- 
lawsky on the magnetic observations of 
the, 1840, 431 ; 1842, 1 1 ; 1844, 154. 

Bristol, on the Thecodontosaurus and Palaeo- 
saurus from the dolomitic conglomerate 
at Eedland near, 1841, 153, 154. 

, Eev. Prof. Whewell's report on dis- 
cussions of tide observations at, 1839, 
13; 1840,436; 1841, 30. 

, on the vertebra of Eysosteus from 

the bone-beds of Aust Passage near, 
1841, 159. 

Channel to the English Channel, re- 
port on a level line measured from the, 
1838, I, II. 

Britain, short notice of the bibliography of 
the ornithology of, 1844, 181. 

British Islands, magnetic survey of the, 
1838, 49. 

, extension of the isocHnal and iso- 

dynamic lines into meridians east and 
west of the, 1838, 193. 

, list of the thermal springs of the, 

1836, 80. 

, Prof. Owen's report on the fossil rep- 
tiles of the, 1839, 43 ; 1841, 60. 

, Prof. E. Forbes' s report on the dis- 
tribution of pulmoniferous mollusca in 
the, 1839, 127. 

, on a skeleton map of the, for recording 

the distribution of plants and animals, 
1840, 444. 

, report on the fossil mammalia of the, 

by Prof. Owen, 1842, 54 ; 1843, 208. 

, synoptical table of the lossil fishes of 

the, by M, Agassiz, 1843, 194. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF PLACES. 



91 



British Islands, report on the nudibranchiate 
moUusca of the, by J. Alder and A. Han- 
cock, 1844, 24. 

, on the Annelida of the, 1850, 133. 

, on the Edriophthalma of the seas of 

the, 1855, 18. 

, on the oyster-beds of the, 1856, 368. 

and Northern Isles, earthquakes of the, 

1858, 5. 

Burham, in Kent, on chelonites from the 
lower chalk at, 1841, 173, 176. 

Cadiz and Cape Trafalgar, moUusca ob- 
tained between, 1850, 27a, 273. 

Caen, on the Teleosauri of, 1841, 75. 

Caflraria, languages of, 1847, 189, 191, 218. 

Cagliari, Grulf of, marine invertebrata of 
the, 1850, 299. 

California, Upper, physical condition of, 
1856, 161 ; mollusca of, 1856, 161, 192, 
209, 225, 226, 235, 285, 289, 354. 

, Gulf of, 1856, 161. 

Cambridge, on the Rapliiosaurus from the 
chalk formations near, 1841, 145. 

, on a fossil turtle (Chelone pulchri- 

ceps) from the greensand near Barnwell, 
1841, 172. 

, on the fossil bear from the Manea 

Fen, 1842, 64, 69. 

, proceedings of the magnetic and me- 
teorological conference held at, 1845, i. 

Cambridgeshire, land and freshwater mol- 
lusca indigenous to, 1839, 133. 

Canada, on the meteorology of Toronto in, 
1844, 42. 

, magnetical and meteorological ob- 
servations made at the observatory at 
Toronto, 1841, 38 ; 1844, 144. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 373. 

, earthquakes of, 1858, 23. 

and United States, mean temperature 

of each month, each season, and whole 
year in, 1847, 376 (Tables 1, 2, 3, 4). 

Canary Islands to the North Cape, on the 
marine testaceous mollusca of, 1856, loi. 

Cape of Good Hope, observatory of, 1832, 
129. 

, report for increasing the instrumental 

power of the Royal observatory at, 1839, 
172. 

, observations of the remarkable mag- 
netic disturbaiace of September 1841, 
made at the magnetic observatory at, 
1841, 351. 

Cape St. Mary's, Portugal, mollusca ob- 
tained at, 1850, 269. 

Carolina, North, on the older pleiocene and 
meiocene formations of, 1834, 40, 43 ; 
ferruginous sands of, 58. 

, South, on the older pleiocene and 

meiocene formations of, 1834, 40 ; ferru- 
ginous sands of, 58. 

Cartliagena, marine fauna of, 1850, 282. 

Cascaes Bay, Lisbon, mollusca obtained in, 
1850, 269. 



Catania and Syracuse, marine invertebrata 
of, 1850, 296. 

Cavan, Lower, townland of, co. Donegal, 
chemical examination of the chloritic 
slate of, 1859, 73. 

Cheltenham, chemical examination of the 
Permian magnesian limestone of, 1859, 67. 

Chili, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 27. 

China, mean temperature of each month, 
each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Tables 17 and 18). 

seas, proposed survey of the, 1844, 148. 

and Japan seas, Br. Richardson's re- 
port on the ichthyology of, 1845, 187. 

Clunese Tartary, mean temperature of each 
month, each season, and whole year in, 
1847, 373 (Table 16). 

Chipping Norton, on the fossil reptiles of 
the oolite near, 1841, 81, 88, ico. 

Cirencester, Prof. Buckman's reports on the 
experimental plots in the Botanical Gar- 
den of the Royal Agricultural College 
at, 1857, 200; 1859, 22. 

, Dr. Yoelcker's report of experiments 

on the essential constituents of manures, 
1859, 31. 

Claiborne Bluff, North America, on the 
strata composing the, 1834, 46. 

Clyde, Frith of, report on dredging the, 
1856, 47 ; mollusca of, 49; nudibranchiate 
mollusca of, 50 ; Crustacea of, 50 ; echi- 
nodermata of, 51 ; zoophyta of, 51. 

Colly hurst, report on the excavation made 
at the junction of the lower new red 
sandstone with the coal-measures at, 
1843, 241. 

Comrie, on the shocks of earthquakes at, 
1841, 49 ; 1842, 92 ; 1843, 120 ; 1844, 85. 

Con ij era near Cabrera, marine invertebrata 
of, 1850, 303. 

Corfu and Ionian Islands, report on the 
marine zoology of, 1844, 390. 

Cornwall, R. W. Fox's report on subter- 
ranean temperature in the mines of, 
1840, 309 ; 1857, 96. 

Cuba, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 26. 

Cumberland, on the whin sill of, 1831-32, 
76, 77- 

Dahomey, languages of, 1847, 170. 

Dalla, language of, 1847, 207. 

Danube, basin of the, earthquakes of the, 

1858, 14. 
Davis's Straits, analyses of the sea- water of, 

1846, 91. 
Delaware, State of, on the older pleiocene 

and meiocene formations of, 1834, 36. 

■ , ferruginous sands of, 1834, 58. 

, organic remains in, 1834, 61. 

Denmark, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 

373 (Table 15). 
Devon and Exeter Savings' Bank (1827 to 

1833), analysis of depositors in the, 1845, 

139- 
Devonport, tables, &c. of observations made 



92 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP PLACES. 



with Whewell's anemometer at Mount 
Wise, 1838, 28. 

Devonport, report on the meteorological 
observations made at, 1843, 291. 

Devonshire, report on subterranean tempe- 
rature in the mines of, by R. W. Fox, 
1840, 309. 

Downhill, co. Londonderry, chemical exa- 
mination of the magnesian conglomerate 
from, 1859, 69. 

Drogheda, chemical examination of the 
lower limestone shales of, 1859, 72. 

Dublin, report on the Crustacea of the dis- 
trict of, 1858, 262. 

, the remarkable plants of the neigh- 
bourhood of, 1836, 253. 

—— committee, report on the pathology of 
the brain and nervous system, 1836, 
283. 

■ sub -committee, report on the motions 
and sounds of the heart, 1835, 243 ; 1836, 
275. 

dredging committee, report of the, 

1858, 262. 

■ Bay dredging committee, report of 
the, 1859, 80. 

Bay, Prof. Eanahan's report on dredg- 
ing, 1860, 27. 

and Armagh, observatories of, Eev. 

Dr. Robinson's notice of the determina- 
tion of the arc of longitude between the, 
1839, 19. 

Dukhun, on the statistics of, 1837, 217 : — 

Extent and physical circumstances. 

Geology. 

Climate. 

Botany. 

Zoology. 

Civil divisions. 

Population. 

Education. 

Irrigation. 

Agriculture. 

Land and other tenures. 

Revenue. 

Assessments. 

Wages. 

Manufactures. 

Transit duties. 

Coins. 

Weights and measures. 

Army. 
Dundee, vital statistics of, 1842, 121. 
Durham, chemical examination of the Per- 
mian magnesian limestone of, 1859, 
67. 

Edinburgh, longitude of, 1839, 19. 
■ , remarkable plants of the neighbour- 
hood of, 1836, 253. 

sub-committee, report on the regis- 
tration of deaths, 1835, 251. 

and suburbs, vital statistics of, 1842, 

121. 

Egypt, on the language of, 1847, 254. 

— — , mean temperature of each month, 



each season, and whole year in, 1847, 

373 (Table 15). 
England, magnetic observations in, 1838, 

67-86, 138. 
, progress of hydraulic engineering in, 

with reference to rivers, canals, and drain- 
age, 1834, 447, 473. 
English Channel to the Bristol Channel, 

report on a level line measiu'ed from, 

1838, I, II. 
Exhall, Coventry, chemical examination of 

the Permian magnesian limestone at, 1859, 

67. 
Europe from the North of Scotland to the 

Adriatic, geological section across, 1832, 

412. 
, short notice of the bibliography of 

the ornithology of, 1844, 180, 182. 
, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 28, 30. 

Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland, 
analyses of the sea-water between the, 
1846, 91. 

Fernando Po, language of, 1847, 173. 

Forth, Frith of, tidal wave of, 1840, 442. 

, , J. S. Russell's report of obser- 
vations on the tides of the, 1843, no. 

France, thermal springs of, 1836, 84, 86, 
88. 

, ornithology of, 1844, 183. 

, on the turbine or horizontal water- 
wheel of, by J. Glynn, 1847, 147. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Table 8). 

, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 1 1. 

Gaboon, languages of the, 1847, 174. 

Galapagos Islands, on the birds of the, 
1844, 194 ; list of the shells of the, 359. 

German Ocean, analyses of the water of 
the, 1846, 91. 

Germany, thermal springs of, 1836, 80, 
82. 

, on tlie turbine or horizontal water- 
wheel of, by J. Glynn, 1847, 147. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Tables 9, 10, 11, 12, 13); 1848, 84 
(Table). 

Gibraltar, mollusca obtained at, 1850, 275. 

Glasgow, vital statistics of, 1842, 121. 

, Greenock, and Port Glasgow, report 

on the animal, vegetable, and mineral 
substances imported from foreign countries 
into, 1858, 185. 

Gonga, language of, 1847, 206. 

Great Britain, on the magnetic survey of, 
1838, 49; 1857, 130; 1858, 185, 260; 
1859, 167. 

, reports on the marine zoology of, 

1840, 444; 1841, 331 ; 1842, 213; 1844, 
390; 1850, 192; 1858, 282; 1859, 116. 

, Prof. Owen's report on the JBritish 

fossil mammalia of, 1842, 54. 

— — , reports for registering shocks of eartli- 



REPORTS^ ETC. INDEX OF PLACES. 



93 



quakes in, 1841, 46; 1842, 92; 1843, 

120 ; 1844, 85. 
Great Britain, on the structure, functions, 

and economy of the Araneidea of, 1844, 

62. 

, on the progress of savings' banks in, 

1845, 129. 
• , on the progress of the iron-manu- 
facture in, 1846, 99. 
— — ', mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 

373 (Tables 6 and 7). 
, report on the infra-littoral distribution 

of marine invertebrata on the southern, 

western, and northern coasts of, 1850, 

192. 
■ , statistical statement of life-boats and 

fishing-boats on the coasts of, 1857, 

308. 
, report on shipping statistics in, 1858, 

2^39- 

Greece and its islands, thermal springs of, 
1836, 95. 

, short notice of the bibliography of the 

ornithology of, 1844, 184. 

Greenwich, observatory of, 1832, 126. 

— — observatory, the only one at the be- 
ginning of the century in which obser- 
vations were made on any regular system, 
1831-^2, 126. 

lunar and planetary observations, on 

the reduction of the, 1840, 423. 

observations of the moon, report of 

the committee and grant for reducing the, 
1838, 315. 

— — , variations of the temperature, vapour 
pressure, gaseous pressure, and force of 
wind at, compared with Toronto, 1844, 
60, 61. 

Guiana, British, observatory in, 1845, 2. 

Gweedore River, co. Donegal, chemical ex- 
amination of the metamorphic limestone 
near, 1859, 75. 

Harwich, on an Emydian chelonite from 
the eocene clay near, 1841, 160. 

Heme Bay, fossil Bos primigenius of, 
1843, 233. 

Holland, earthquakes of, 1858, 11. 

and Belgium, mean temperature of 

each month, each season, and whole year 
in, 1847, 373 (Table 9). 

Horsham, on the Iguanodon from the 

Wealden quarry near, 1841, 127, 129, 

139, 140. 
Howth, CO. Dublin, chemical examination 

of the dolomite of, 1859, 68. 
Hull, on the rise, progress, and position of 

steam navigation in, 1853, 45, 50 ; 1857, 

57; 1859, 119. 
Humber, on the physical features of the, 

1853, 36. 
Hythe, on the gigantic fossil saurian from 

the lower greensand at, '1841, 157. 

Iceland, thermal springs of, 1836, 95. 



Iceland, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 3. 

India, British, short notice of the biblio- 
graphy of the ornithology of, 1844, 
186. 

, magnetic observations made at the 

observatories of, 1845, 3. 

, on the relation of the Bengali to the 

Arian and aboriginal languages of, 1847, 

319- 

, on the Hindiis of, 1850, 169. 

, on river steamers with reference to 

the necessity for improving the shallow- 
water navigation of, 1858, 268. 
, Prof. Owen's report on a series of 

skulls of various tribes of mankind from 

Nepal, 1859, 95. 
, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 373 

(Tables 17 and 18). 

, on the aboriginal tribes of, 1850, 169. 

, on the physical and economical effects 

of the destruction of the forests of, 1851, 

78. 

, timber trees of, 1851, 97. 

, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 39. 

Indian and Pacific Oceans, on the tides of, 

1847, 134. 
Inverness, Sir D, Brewster's report on the 

hourly meteorological observations kept 

at, 1839, 27. 
, reports on the erection of Osier's 

anemometer at, 1841, 329 ; 1842, 206. 
, reports on the hourly meteorological 

observations made at, 1840, 349 ; 1841, 

329; 1842, 206; 1843, 292; 1844, 391. 
Ionian Islands, marine zoology of the, 1844, 

390- 

Ireland, on the progress of inland naviga- 
tion in, 1834, 481. 

, magnetic chart of, 1835, 163. 

, determination of the arc of longitude 

between the observatories of Armagh and 
Dublin, 1839, 19. 

• , on the iron-manufacture in, 1846, 

99- . . , . 
, magnetic survey of, on the instru- 
ments employed in the, 1858, 260. 
, on the remarkable plants of, 1836, 

253» 257. 
, on the direction and intensity of 

the terrestrial magnetic force in, 1835, 

117. 
, Rev. Dr. H. Lloyd on the magnetic 

isoclinal and isodynamic lines in, 1838, 

91, 165. 

, insects of, 1843, 290. 

, infusoria of, 1843, 291. 

, report on subterranean temperature 

in, 1844, 221. 
• , on the progress of savings' banks in, 

1845, 129. 
, history of flax cultivation in, 1852, 

2^73- 
, report on the marine fauna of the S. 

and W. coasts of, 1858, 176. 
, Mr. W. Thompson's report on the 



94 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF PLACES. 



fauna of, 1840, 353; 1843, 245; 1852, 

290. 
Ireland, on the freshwater fishes of Ulster, 

1852, 290. 
, on the pulmoniferous moUusca of, 

1839, 137. 
— — , report on the nudibranchiate moUusca 

of, 1844, 24. 
, on the marine zoology of Strangford 

Lough, CO. Down, 1857, 104. 
, list of shells taken in deep water off 

the Maiden's Lighthouses, Lame Lough, 

1857,234; 1858, 285; 1859, 116. 
, dredging Belfast Bay, 1855, 143 ; 

1857, 220; 1858, 282, 288; 1859, 116. 
, on the marine zoology of Strangford 

Lough, CO. Down, 1857, 104. 
, list of shells from the Turbot Bank, 

coast of Antrim, 1857, 229 ; 1858, 287 ; 

1859, n6. 
, dredging Dublin district, 1858, 262 ; 

1859, 80, 
, on the marine zoology of the coast of 

Antrim, 1858, 282. 
, list of shells from Larne Lough, 1858, 

284; 1859, 116. 
, chemical examination of the Permian 

magnesian limestone of Artrea,co. Tyrone, 

1859, 67. 
, chemical examination of the Permian 

magnesian rocks of Templereagh, 1859, 

, chemical examination of the dolomite 

of St. Howth, CO. Dublin, 1859, 68. 

, chemical examination of the mag- 
nesian conglomerate from Downhill, co. 
Londonderry, 1859, 69. 

, chemical examination of the pseudo- 
dolomite from Stone Park, co. Limerick, 
1859, 70. 

, chemical examination of hydraulic 

limestone from the environs of Milltown, 
CO. Dublin, 1859, 71. 

, chemical examination of the lower 

limestone shales of Drogheda, 1859, 72. 

, chemical examination of the chloritic 

slate of Lower Cavan, co. Donegal, 1859, 

73- 
Isle of Wight, on the fossil reptiles of the, 

1841, 87, 91, 92, 93, 94, 128, 168 ; fossil 

mammalia of the, 1843, 224, 225, 226. 
Italian Peninsula, earthquakes of, 1858, 16. 
Italy, thermal springs of, 1836, 92. 
, short notice of the bibliography of the 

ornithology of, 1844, 183. 
, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 

373 (Tables 13, 14). 
, southern coasts of, on the mollusca 

and other marine animals of the, 1850, 

264. 

Japan, short notice of the bibliography of 
the ornithology of, 1844, 185. 

and China seas, report on the ichthy- 
ology of, by Dr Eichardson, 1845, 187. 



Kent's Hole, near Torbay, fossil mammalia 
of, 1842, 56, 57, 63, 65, 66,68, 70, 71; 

1843, 222, 224, 230, 239. 

Kew observatory, report on the discussion 

of the electrical observations at, 1849, 113. 
, observatory of the British Association 

at, 184i, 120; 1845, 341 ; 1849, 80; 1850, 

176; 1851, 335. 
, the building, instruments, &c., 1844, 

120; 1845, 341; 1849, 80; 1850, 177; 

1851, 336. 
, observations, 1844, 130; 1845, 341; 

1850, 179; 1851, 354. 
, experiments, &c., 1844, 135; 1845, 

341 ; 1849, 81 ; 1850, 181 ; 1851, 358. 

, the Journal, 1844, 130. 

, electro-meteorological observations, 

1844, 132; 1851, 357. 

, specimens of storm-papers, 1844, 134. 

, frequency rpaper, 1850, 179. 

, library, 1851, 354. 

, miscellaneous memoranda, 1851, 368. 

, report on the magnetographs, by 

General Sabine, 1851, 325. 

, reporton the performance of Ronalds's 

three magnetographs, by J. Welsh, 1851, 
328, 

, description of a self-recording ane- 
mometer at, 1858, 306. 

, account of the construction of the 

self-recording magnetographs, 1859, 200. 

, photolieliography at, 1859, 149. 

Kingstown Bay, shells obtained in, 1860, 29. 

Kingussie, report on the hourly meteoro- 
logical observations at, 1839, 27. 

Kirby Moorside, fossil mammaha from the 
cave at, 1842, 71. 

Kirkdale, fossil remains of the cave at, 

1842, 70, 71; 1843, 222, 223,230; 1843, 
222, 230. 

Kyson, Suffolk, fossil reptiles of the eocene 
sand-beds at, 1841, 67, 145. 

, , fossil mammalia of, 1842, 55, 72. 

, , fossil mammalia of, 1842, 72 ; 

1843, 228. 

La Plata, basin of, earthquakes of, 1858, 

27. 
Larne Lough, list of shells from, 1858, 284 ; 

1859, 116. 
Leamington, on the Cladyodon from the new 

red sandstone of, 1841, 155. 
Leith, tide observations made at, by Mr. D, 

Boss, the 'Rev. Prof. Whe well's report on 

the discussion of the, 1841, 33. 

, vital statistics of, 1842, 121. 

Lesmahago, Lanarkshire, on the upper Si- 
lurians of, 1859, 63. 
Levant, earthquakes of the, 1858, i8. 
Limerick, chemical examination of the 

pseudo-dolomite from Stone Park in the 

county of, 1859, 70. 
Lincolnshire, on the drainage of the fens 

of, 1834, 475. 
Liverpool, report of the committee for tlie 

observatory at, 1838, 316. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OF PLACES. 



98 



Liverpool observatory, account of the self- 
registering anemometer and rain-gauge 
at, 1855, 127. 

, proportion of deaths by various dis- 
eases in, 1842, 198, 199. 

, on the effects produced upon the 

channels of the Mersey by the alterations 
made in its banks, 1856, i. 

, statement as to the rights of the 

mayor, aldermen and burgesses to the 
lordship of, comprising the river Mersey, 
1856, 23. 

museum of naval architecture, 1857, 

308. 

, on the animal and vegetable products 

imported into, 1857, 254. 

London, on the supply of water to, 1855, 
64. 

Lyme, Dorsetshire, on the fossil reptiles in 
the lias of, 1839, 60, 62, 69, 72, no, 114, 
116. 

Lyme Regis, on the fossil reptiles from the 
lias at, 1839, 76, 83, 112, 117, 121. 

, Pterodactylus macronyx in the lias of, 

1841, 156. 

Madras, on magnetical and meteorological 
observations made at, 1845, 5. 

Mahon (S. Europe), marine invertebrata 
of, 1850, 301. 

Maiden's Lighthouses, Lame Lough, list of 
shells taken in deep water off the, 1857, 
234; 1858, 285; 1859, 116. 

Maidstone, on the Iguanodon of the green- 
sand quarries at, 1841, 120, 135 ; on a 
tooth of the Polyptychodon of, 156. 

Makerstoun, longitude of, 1839, 19. 

Malaga, shells procured at, 1850, 280. 

Malasia, short notice of the bibliography of 
the ornithology of, 1844, 187. 

Malay Archipelago, mean temperature of 
each month, each season, and whole year 
in the, 1847, 373 (Tables 17 and 18). 

Malta, coast of, on the mollusca and other 
marine animals of, 1850, 264, 293, 
294. 

, earthquakes of, 1858, 16. 

Manchester, proportion of deaths by various 
diseases in, 1842, 198, 199. 

, E. W. Binney's report on the exca- 
vation made at the junction of the lower 
new red sandstone with the coal-measures 
atCollyhurst, 1843, 241. 

and Salford bank for savings, clas- 
sification of depositors in the, 1845, 
141. 

Market-Raisin, on a Pliosaurus from the 
Kimmeridge clay formation at, 1841, 
61. 

Maryland, St. Mary's County, on the newer 
pleiocene of, 1834, 33. 

, on the older pleiocene and meio- 

cene formations of, 1834, 36, 42. 

, ferruginous sands of, 1834, 58. 

Mazatlan, on the mollusca of, 1856, 224, 
2^35> ^3?. 241, 289. 



Mediterranean, coast of the, mean tempe- 
rature of each month, each season, and 
whole year on the, 1847, 373 (Table 

, Eastern, eight well-marked regions of 

depth in, each characterized by its pecu- 
liar fauna and flora, 1854, 154, 169. 

Mendip Hills, fossil mammalia of the bone- 
caves of the, 1842, 70, 71 ; 1843, 222, 
228, 230. 

Mersey, on the effects produced on its chan^ 
nels by the alterations which have been 
made in its banks, 1855, 143 ; 1856, i. 

Mexico and the West Indies, mean tempe-. 
rature of each month, each season, and 
whole year in, 1847, 373 (Tables 4 an^ 
5). 

, on the mollusca of, 1856, 225. 

, earthquakes of, 1858, 24. 

, Grulf of, raised estuary formations of 

the, 1834, 13. 

Milltown, CO. Dublin, chemical examina- 
tion of hydraulic limestone from the envi- 
rons of, 1859, 7 r. 

Mississippi River, on changes in the, 1834, 9, 

Mozambique, languages of^ 1847, 193, 

Naples, Bay of. See Bay of Naples. 
Nepal, Prof. Owen's report on a series of 

skulls of various tribes of mankind from, 

1859, 95. 
Newbourne, Suffolk, fossil mammalia of, 

1843, 229. 
New Jersey, North America, on the older 

pleiocene and meiocene formations of, 

1834, 36, 42. 

, ferruginous sands of, 1834, 52. 

, organic remains discovered in, 1834, 

61. 
New Zealand, report on the ichthyology of, 

by Dr. J. Richardson, 1842, 12. 
, short notice of the bibliography of 

the ornithology of, 1844, 191. 
, mean temperature of each month, each 

season, and whole year in, 1847, 373 

(Table 18). 

, earthquake of 1854-55, 1858, 105. 

Nidderdale, on the lead-mining district in, 

1858, 168. 
Norfolk, on the fossil teeth from the chalk 

of, 1841, 144. 
Northumberland, on the whin sill of, 1831- 

32, 76, 77- 
Norway, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 

373 (Table 15). 
Nova Zembla, mean temperature of each 

month, each season, and whole year in, 

1847, 373 (Table 16). 
Nubia, languages of, 1847, 197. 

Oregon, mollusca of, 1856, 209, 239, 348, 

367. 
Oreston, Devonshire, fossil mammalia in 

the caverns at, 1842, 63, 68, 70, 71; 

1843, 221, 230, 231, 234. 



m 



REPORTS, ETC.— INDEX OP PLACES. 



Ottoman Empire, mean temperature of each 
month, each season, and whole year in 
the, 1847, 373 (Table 15). 

Oxford, on the fossil reptiles of the Kim- 
meridge clay near, 1839, 79, 8a, 83, 85, 
86; 1841, 60, 61, 62, 81, 82, 168. 

•^— Botanic G-arden, report of experi- 
ments on the growth and vitality of seeds 
in the, 1842, 34; 1843, 105; 1844, 94; 
1845, 337; 1846, 20; 1847, 145; 1848, 
31; 1849,78, 1850, i6o. 

Pacific, on the mollusca of the, 1856, 159, 
169, 175, 179, 215, 223, 363. 

and Indian Oceans, on the tides of, 

1847, i34« 

Panama, on the mollusca of, 1856, 160, 
225, 265, 267, 284, 289, 354. 

shells, list of, 1856, 267. 

Pantellaria, island of, marine inrertebrata 
of, 1850, 291. 

Pariland, on the fossil mammalia in the 
cave at, 1842, 63, 70, 71 ; 1843, 230. 

Persia, mean temperature of each month, 
each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Table 15). 

Perth, vital statistics of, 1842, 121. 

Perthshire, on the shocks of earthquakes at 
Comrie in, 1841, 49 ; 1842, 92 ; 1843, 
120; 1844, 85. 

Philadelphia, magnetic observatory at, Mr. 
A. D. Bache's letter relative to, 1842, 
209. 

Plata (La), basin of, earthquakes of, 1858, 
27. 

Plymouth, Sir W. S. Harris's reports on 
tlie hourly observations of the thermo- 
meter at, 1835, 181; 1838, 21; 1839, 
149 ; 1842, 30. 

— — , the Astronomer Royal's report on the 
publication of the hourly observations 
made at, 1841, 328. 

. , Sir W. S. Harris's report on Prof. 

Whewell's anemometer at, 1840, 157 ; 
1841, 36. 

, Sir W. S. Harris's report on the re- 
sults of the discussion of the meteorolo- 
gical observations made at, 1843, 291. 

, Sir W. S. Harris's report on the 

working of Whewell and Osier's anemo- 
meters at, 1844, 242. 

Point Barrow, results of the thermome- 
trical observations made at, by J. Simp- 
son, 1857, 159. 

Polynesia, short notice of the bibliography 
of the ornithology of, 1844, 189. 

Portugal, thermal springs of, 1836, 94. 

, coast of, on the mollusca and other 

marine animals of, 1850, 264. 

. and Spain, mean temperature of each 

month, each season, and whole year in, 
1847, 373 (Table 14). 

Prague, barometric maxima and minima 
at, 1845, III, 112. 

, meteorology of, compared with To- 
ronto, 1844, 43. 



Preston, on marine shells in the deposits 
about, 1831-32, 82. 

Pur beck. Isle of, on a fossil turtle (Che- 
lone obovata) from the estuary limestone 
formation of, 1841, 170. 

Redland, near Bristol, on the Thecodon- 
tosaurus and Paloeosaurus from the do- 
lomitie conglomerate at, 1841, 153, 

154- 

Rhine, basin of the, and Switzerland, earth- 
quakes of, 1858, 13. 

Rhone, basin of the, earthquakes of the, 
1858, 12. 

Rome (ancient), on the supply of water to, 
1855, 64. 

Russia in Europe, Siberia, Chinese Tartary, 
and Nova Zembla, mean temperature of 
each month, each season, and whole year 
in, 1847, 373 (Table 16). 

Sardinia, earthquakes of, 1858, 16. 
Savoy, thermal springs of, 1836, 92. 
'Scandinavia, on the metamorphosis of the 
alum slate of, by Prof. Forclihammer, 

1844, 155. 

, on the primitive inhabitants of, by 

Prof. Nilsson, 1847, 31. 

Scandinavian Peninsula and Iceland, earth- 
quakes of, 1857, 3. 

Scarborough, on the pulmoniferous mollusca 
in the neighbourhood of, 1839, 135. 

Scotland, on the progress of inland naviga- 
tion in, 1834, 481. 

, magnetic chart of, 1836, 97. 

— , remarkable plants of, 1836, 253, 

257- 
, on the direction and intensity of the 

terrestrial magnetic force in, 1836, 97. 
, magnetic observations in, 1838, 86, 

155- 
, on the two series of hourly me- 
teorological observations kept in, 1839, 

27. 
, hourly meteorological observations 

made at Inverness, 1839, 27 ; 1840, 349 ; 

1841, 329 ; 1842, 206 ; 1843, 292 ; 1844, 

391. 
, hourly meteorological observations at 

Unst, 1841, 329; 1843, 293. 
, on the progress of savings' banks in, 

1845, 129. 

, on the progress of the iron-manufac- 
ture in, 1846, 99. 

, ordnance survey of, memorials to Her 

Majesty's Oovernment relative to, 1851, 

370- 

, on some results of the magnetic sur- 
vey of, undertaken by John Welsh, by B. 
Stewart, 1859, 167. 

, reports on shocks of earthquakes in, 

1841, 46; 1842, 92; 1843, 120; 1844, 

, animal, vegetable, and mineral sub- 
stances imported into the Clyde, 1858, 
185. 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP PLACES. 



97 



Scotland, longitude of Edinburgh, 1839, 

19; longitude of Makerstoun, 19. 
, on the erection of Osier's anemometer 

at Inverness, 1841, 329 ; 1842, 206. 
■ , tidal wave of the Frith of Forth, 1840, 

442. 
, tide observations made atLeith, 1841, 

33- 
, on the tides of the Frith of Forth, 

1843, no. 
, J. S. Russell's report of observations 

on the tides of the east coast of, 1843, 

no. 
, experiments for the artificial produc- 
tion of salmon at Stormontfield, near 

Perth, 1856,451. 
• , on the puJmoniferous moUusca of, 

1839, 138. 
, report on the nudibranchiate mollusca 

of, 1844, 24. 

, dredging the Frith of Clyde, 1856, 47. 

, on the upper Silurians of Lesmahago, 

1859, 63. 
, report on the vital statistics of large 

towns in, 1842, 121. 
, on the industrial feeding schools of 

Aberdeen, 1859, 44. 
Senftenberg, observatory at, on the self- 
registering meteorological instruments 

employed in the, by the Baron Senften- 
berg, 1845, 108. 
Sheppey, «)ssil fish of, 1844, 279 ; list of, 

307. 
■ , on the fossil reptiles of, 1841, 65, 161, 

168, 177-180. 
Shetland Isles, on the pulmoniferous mol- 
lusca of, 1839, 139. 
Shotover, near Oxford, on the fossil reptiles 

from the Kimmeridge clay at, 1839, 82, 

83, 85; 1841, 61, 64, 8i, 82. 
Shrewsbury, on the remains of the Ehyn- 

chosaurvis from the new red sandstone 

quarries near, 1841, 145. 
Siberia, short notice of the bibliography of 

the ornithology of, 1844, 185. 
■ , mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 373 

(Table 16). 
Sicily, earthquakes of, 1858, 16. 
Singapore, magnetical and meteorological 

observations made at, 1845, 5. 
Southampton, on the climate of, 1851, 54. 
Spain, thermal springs of, 1836, 94. 
, short notice of the bibliography of 

the ornithology of, 1844, 184. 
, coast of, on the mollusca and other 

marine animals of the, 1850, 264. 
— — and Portugal, mean temperature of 

each month, each season, and whole year 

in, 1847, 373 (Table 14). 
Spanish Peninsula, eartiiquakes of the, 

1858, 8. 
St. Helena, observations of the remarkable 

magnetic disturbance of September 1841, 

made at the magnetic observatory at, 

1841,349. 



St. Michael's, results of meteorological ob- 
servations taken at, 1850, 133. 

St. Petersburg, magnetic observatory at, 
1841, 39. 

Stonesfield, on the fossil reptiles from the 
oolite at, 1841, 81, 145. 

, on the Megalosaurus from the oolitic 

of, 1841, 103. 

, remains of Pterodactyles in the oolitic 

slate of, 1841, 156. 

— a^, tortoises from the oolitic slate of, 
1841, 160. 

— — , fossil mammalia of the oolitic cal- 
careous slate of, 1842, 57. 

Stormontfield, near Perth, on the experi- 
ments conducted at, for the artificial pro- 
pagation of salmon, 1856, 451. 

Stourton quarries, Cheshire, footsteps of 
Emydians in new red sandstone, 1841, 
168. 

Strangford Lough, co. Down, on the marine 
zoology of, 1857, 104. 

Street (Somerset), on the fossil reptiles from 
the lias of, 1839, 60, 69, 77, no, 112, 
121, 122. 

Suffolk, on a pleurodont lizard from the 
eocene sand at I^ngston in, 1841, 145. 

Surrey, on the spring-water of the green- 
sand formation in, 1855, 66. 

Sussex, on the fossil reptiles of the Wealden 
strata of, 1841, bi et seq. 

Sutton near Ashby, Manchester, chemical 
examination of the Permian magnesian 
limestone of, 1859, 67. 

Swaledale, on the lead-mining district in, 
1858, 168. 

Swanage, on the fossil reptiles from the 
Purbeck limestone at, 1841, 70, 160. 

, on a chelonite from the Purbeck 
limestone at, 1841, 166. 

Swansea, registration of periodical pheno- 
mena at, 1850, 350. 

Sweden, on the primitive inhabitants of, 
1847, 31. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Table 15). 

Switzerland, thermal springs of, 1836, 90. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in, 1847, 
373 (Table 9). 

, on the earthquakes of, 1858, 13. 

Syracuse and Catania, marine invertebrata 
of, 1850, 296. 

Syria, earthquakes of, 1858, 18. 

Templereagh, chemical examination of the 

Permian magnesian rocks of, 1859, 67. 
Tetham, on the Cetiosaurus from the 

Wealden formation at, 1841, 100. 
Thames, Eiver, on the course, dimensions, 

inclinations, and velocities of the, 1834, 

486. 
, section of, from the River Kennet to 

the Nore Light, 1834, 512. 
— , on the water of the, 1848, 26. 



98 



REPORTS, ETC. INDEX OP PLACES. 



Tilgate Forest, on the fossil reptiles of, 
1841, 67, 84, 85, 91, 92, 95, no, 114, 
118, 121, 124, 128, 134, 136, 137,168, 172. 

Timbuetoo, language of, 1847, 186. 

Toronto, observations made at the magnetic 
observatory at, during a remarkable mag- 
netic disturbance (September 1841), 1841, 

340- 

, magnetical and meteorological obser- 
vations made at the observatory at, 1843, 
57; 1844, 144; 1845,57. 

, magnetical and meteorological obser- 
vatory, report on the expediency of con- 
tinuing the, 1848, 99. 

, on the meteorology of, 1844, 42. 

Trevandrum, observations of the remark- 
able magnetic disturbance of September 
1841, made at the magnetic observatory 
of Travancore, 1841, 347. 

Turbot Bank, coast of Antrim, list of shells 
from the, 1857, 229 ; 1858, 287 ; 1859, 
116. 

Turkey, European, thermal springs of, 1836, 
95- 

Turko-Greek Peninsula, earthquakes of, 
1858, 18. 

Ulster, on the freshwater fishes of, 1852, 
290. * 

United States, geology of the, 1834, 6. 

, fossil mammalia of the, 1834, 23. 

, notice relative to the meteorology of 

the, 1842, 208. 

, tabular view of ranges of the baro- 
meter for 27- and 37-hourly observations 
at the equinoxes and solstices, 1843, 85. 

, mean temperature of each month, 

each season, and whole year in the, 1847, 
373 (Table 1). 

— — , Prof. Henry on the system of meteo- 
rological observations proposed to be 
established in the, 1851, 320. 

, earthquakes of the, 1858, 23. 

•' and Canada, mean temperature of each 
month, each season, and whole year in 
the, 1847, 373 (Tables 1, 2, 3, 4). 

Unst, island of, report on the hourly me- 
teorological observations at the, 1841, -220 : 
1843, 293. 



Van Diemen Island, mean temperature of 
each month, each season, and whole year 
in, 1847, 373 (Table 18). 

Vichy, thermal springs of, on the red ferru- 
ginous matter in the, 1836, 34, 35. 

Vigo Bay, mollusca obtained in, 1850, 
264. 

Virginia, on the older pleiocene and meio- 
cene formations of, 1834, 36, 42, 43. 

Warwick, on the Cladyodon from the new 

red sandstone of, 1841, 155. 
, on the fossil reptiles (Batrachian) 

from the new red sandstone of, 1841, 181, 

184. 
Wensleydale, on the lead-mining district 

in, 1858, 168. 
West Indies, short notice of the bibliography 

of the ornithology of the, 1844, 194. 
— — and Mexico, mean temperature of each 

month, each season, and whole year in 

the, 1847, 373 (Table 5). 
Weston, near Bath, on the fossil reptiles 

from the lias at, 1839, 60, 69, 77, 1 12. . 
Wharfedale, on the lead-mining district in, 

1858, 1 68. 
Whitby, on the fossil reptiles from the lias 

of, 1839, 83, 112, 116, 121 ; 1841, 73, 74, 

77, 80, 90, 191. 

York, on the quantities of rain falling at, 
1833, 401; 1834, 560; 1835, 171. 

Yorkshire, on the most remarkable phe- 
nomena in the geology of, 1831-52, 

, on the lead-mining districts of, 1858, 

167. 
, chemical examination of the Permian 

magnesian limestone of, 1859, 67. 
, on the crocodiles of the lias of, 1841, 

74- 

coast, on the character and measure- 
ments of degradation of the, 1853, 81. 

Ystalyfera iron-works, on the advantageous 
use made of the gaseous escape from the 
blast fui'naces at the, 1848, 75. 

Zembretta, island of (Gulf of Tunis J, marine 
invertebrata of the, 1850, 288. 



SECTIONS. 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



[The asterisk (^) signifies that no abstract of the author'' s communication isgiven.'\ 



Abercrombie (Dr.) on the importance to 
the medical profession of the study of 
mental philosophy, 1834, 670. 

^Abernethy (J.) on the rivers " Dee " form- 
ing the ports of Aberdeen and Chester, 
1859, 228. 

Abraham (J. H.) on magnetism : — needle- 
pointing, instrument to guard the eyes of 
grinders of steel, and process for de- 
magnetizing the steel balance-wheels of 
watches, 1831-32, 59. 

AcLAND (Sir T, D.) on a remarkable move- 
ment of the Sulden glacier under the side 
of the Ortler Berg, 1847, 60. 

^Adair (Mr.), notice of Patella ancyloides 
found on the coast of Arran, 1840, 137. 

Adam (Dr. Walter) on some symmetrical 
relations of the bones of the Megathe- 
rium, 1833, 437. 

*Adams (Dr.) on the placental souflle, 1838, 
123. 

^Adams (Dr.) on the birds of Banchory, 
1859, 142. 

*Adams (Dr. a. H.) on peat-bogs, 1838, 
95 ; 1839, 78. 

Adams (Prof. J. C.) on a new calculation of 
the perturbations of Uranus by the planet 
Neptune, 1847, 7. 

on the application of graphical me- 
thods to the solution of certain astrono- 
mical problems, and in particular to the 
determination of the perturbations of pla- 
nets and comets, 1849, i. 

Adams (R.) on aneurism by anastomosis, 

1835, 99. 

* on the bones in chronic rheumatism, 

1836, 123. 

on the new circulating channels in 

double popliteal aneurism, 1836, 123. 

Adams (W. B.) on railways and their va- 
rieties, 1855, 202. 

on artillery and projectiles, 1855, 203. 

on a new method of constructing the 

permanent way and wheels of railways, 
1858, 203. 

*Adamson (C), exhibited the two sexes of 
the Psalidognathus Friendii, 1838, 113. 

*Adamson (Dr.) on the fixing of photo- 
graphs, 1855, 7. 

Adamson (Dr. J.) on a case of lactation 
in an unimpregnated bitch, 1859, 159. 



Addams (E.) on a new phenomenon of sono- 
rous interference, 1834, 557. 

* on the vibration of bells, 1836, 36. 

on apparatus for solidifying carbonic 

acid, and on its elastic force, 1838, 70. 

Addison (Mr.), meteorological observations 
made at Great Malvern, 1839, 14. 

Addison (Capt. J.) on coal-pit accidents, 

1859, 228. 

Addison (Dr. W.) on the forces concur- 
ring in the phenomena of human lifej 
1847, 89. 

Adib (A. J.) on the expansion of stone by 
the application of heat, 1834, 569. 

Adie (P.), description of a new reflecting 
instrument for angular measurement, 

1860, 59. 

Adrian (Prof.) on the libraries of Germany, 
1840, 186. 

Agardh (Prof.) on the originary structure 
of the flower, 1833, 433. 

Agassiz (Prof.) on the different species of 
the genus Salmo, 1834, 617. 

on the fossil fishesof Scotland, 1834, 646. 

on fossil fishes, and conclusions to be 

drawn from the geological distribution 
of, 1835, 61. ^ 

on the principles of classification in 

the animal kingdom, 1835, 67. 

on glaciers and boulders in Switzer- 
land, 1840, 113. 

on the development of the fish in the 

egg, 1840, 129. 

on animals found in redsnow, 1840, 143 . 

on the fishes of the London clay, 1846, 

52. 

AiNswoRTH (W. F.) on a railroad through 
Asia Minor, 1852, 100. 

Airy (G. B.) on correcting the local mag- 
netic action of the compass in iron steam- 
ships, 1838, 21. 

on a new apparent polarity of light, 

1840, 3. . ^ . . 

on numerous traces of glacier-friction 

on the north-west side of Bantry Bay, 
1843,62. ^ , 

on the state of the reductions of the 

planetary and lunar observations made at 
Greenwich, 1844, 2. 

. on the results of the tide obserrations 

on the coast of Ireland, 1844, 4. 
n2 



100 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Airy (G-. B.) on a question of probabilities 
which occurs in the use of a fixed colli- 
mator for the verification of the constancy 
of position of an azimuth circle, 1850, i. 

, remarks on the pivots and construc- 
tion of the large transit-circle for the 
Royal observatory at Grreenwich, 1850, 
169. 

on the state and history of the ques- 
tion respecting the acceleration of the 
moon's motion, 1859, 29. 

Aitkin (Dr.) on the mechanism by which 
the blood may be accelerated or retarded, 
1834, 681. 

*Alcock (Mr.) on taste being dependent 
on nerves from the spheno-palatine gan- 
glion, 1836, 124. 

* on the anatomy of the fifth pair of 

nerves, 183G, 124. * 

*Alcorn (Dr.) on the excess of population, 
and on emigration as a remedy for it, in 
the Highlands of Scotland, 1840, 186. 

Alder (Joshua) on Eolis, Doris, &c., 1842, 
69. 

— — on new species of MoUusca nudi- 
branchiata, with observations on the struc- 
ture and development of the animals of 
that order, 1843, 73, 

on a new species of mollusk found at 

Dalkey Island near Dublin, 1843, 74. 

on Pterochilus, a new genus of nudi- 

branchiatc mollusca, and two new species 
of Doris, 1844, 66. 

on a new genus (Dendronotus) of 

mollusca nudibranchiata, 1845, 65. 

■ on new British species of Mollusca 
nudibranchiata, 1845, 65. 

■ on some new and rare British species 
of naked Mollusca, 1846, 83. 

on the animal of Lepton squamosum, 

1847, 73. 
. on British Mollusca, with descriptions 

of new species, 1847, 73. 
on two new species of nudibranchiate 

Mollusca, and a new genus (Oithona), 

1851, 74. 
— — on the branchial currents of Pholas 

and Mya, 1851, 74. 
— — on some new genera and species of 

British zoophytes, 1856, 90. 

on three new species of Sertularian 

zoophytes, 1858, 126. 

— — on a new zoophyte, and two species 
of Ecliinodermata new to Britain, 1859, 
142. 

Aldridgk (Dr.) on the pollen and vegetable 
impregnation, 1840, 144. 

♦Alexander (Mr.), electro -magnetic tele- 
graph, 1840, 213. 

^Alexander (Col. Sir J.) on the arts of 
camp life, 1859, 2co. 

Alexander (Sir J. E.), outline of three 
expeditions which might be undertaken 
to explore portions of the interior of 
Africa, 1840, 121. 

Alison (Dr.) on the vital properties of ar- 



teries leading to inflamed parts, 1834, 

674. 
Alison (Dr.) on the irritability of muscles 

in living animals, 1834, 673. 
on the vital powers in arteries leading 

to inflamed parts, and on the cause of 

death in asphyxia, 1835, 89. 
* on the Scottish system of the manage- 
ment of the poor, 1840, 185. 
** on the destitution and mortality of 

some of the great towns of Scotland, 1842, 

97- 

on the reports of the Poor-law Com- 
missioners on the state of the poor in 
Scotland, 1844, 35. 

on the medical relief to the parochial 

poor of Scotland under the old poor law, 
1846, 97. 

* on the application of statistics to the 

investigation and the causes of cholera, 
1849, 86. 

on the system of Croft husbandry and 

the reclamation of waste lands adopted at 
Gairloch in Eoss-shire, and its results as 
illustrating the conditions under which the 
labour of paupers and criminals may be 
made productive, 1850, 147. 

on the law of settlement and the re- 
moval of paupers in Scotland, 1852, 114, 

— — on the application of statistics to ques- 
tions in medical science, particularly as 
to the external causes of diseases, 1855, 

^55- 

on certain a jpriori principles of bio- 
logy, 1857, 109. 

Allan (Mr.), notice of a magnificent speci- 
men of aqua-marine, 1831-32, 86. 

Allan (A.) on an improved method of 
maintaining a true liquid level, particu- 
larly applicable to wet gas-meters, 1859, 
228. 

Allan (R.) on the condition of the Hauke- 
dalr geysers of Iceland, 1855, 75, 

Allen (Capt. W.) on the probability of the 
River Tchadda being the outlet of the 
Lake Tchad, 1838, 99. 

, attempt to account for numerous ap- 
pearances of sudden and violent drainage 
seen on the sides of the basin of the Dead 
Sea, 1852, 95. 

— — — on a ship-canal to the East Indies 
through the Dead Sea, 1852, 97. 

■ ■ on the antiquities of the island Ruad, 
the ancient Aradus, and on the ancient 
harbour of Seleucia in Pieria, 1852, 98. 

on levels taken in Jerusalem with the 

aneroid barometer, 1854, 116. 

Allies (J.) on marine shells found in gravel 
near Worcester, 1839, 70. 

Allis (T.) on the sclerotic bones of the eye 
in birds and reptiles, 1837, 98. 

on the toes of the African ostrich 

and other birds, 1838, 107. 

— — on the birds of Yorkshire, 1844, 60. 

on some peculiarities in the flight of 

birds, 1844, 72. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



101 



Allis (T.) on the cultivation of ferns, 1844, 

^Allman (Prof.), notice of his memoir on 

numeral evolution, 1831-32, 545. 
• on the mathematical relations of the 

forms of the cells of plants, 1835, 79. 
on certain peculiarities in the arteries 

of the six-banded Ai-madillo, 1843, 68. 

• on Plumatella repens, 1843, 74- 

■ on an annelid from the bogs of the 

South of Ireland, 1843, 76. 

• on the genus Cirropteron, 1843, 77. 

■ on a new genus of terrestrial gastero- 

pod, 1843, 77. 
on the genera and species of zoophytes 

inhabiting the fresh waters of Ireland, 

1843,77. 
■ on a Linaria gathered in Ireland, 

1843, 78. 

• ' , notice of the very rare Trichomanes 

speciosum, 1843, 78. 
— — on a new genus of nudibranchiate 

Mollusca, 1844, 65. 
^ on a new genus of parasitic Arach- 

nideans, 1844, 65. 

on the anatomy of Acteon viridis, 

1844, 65. 

on a new genus of helianthoid zoo- 
phytes, 1844, 66. 

on the structure of Lucernari^, 1844, 

66. 
, description of the fruit of some of the 

Hepaticre, 1845, 71. 

on a monstrosity occurring in Saxi- 

fraga geum, 1845, 72. 

— — on certain peculiarities in the anatomy 

of Limax Sowerbii, 1846, 82. 
■ on the structure of Cristatella mucedo, 

1846, 88. 
■ on an undescribed Alga allied to Co- 

leochajte scutata, 1846, 89. 
on the structure of the larva of certain 

Acari, 1847, 74. 
on the locomotive larva of Plumatella 

fruticosa, 1847, 74. 
on the development of Notodelphys, 

a new genus of entomostraca, 1847, 

74- 
■ on a peculiarity in the structure of the 

stomata of Ceratopteris thalictroides, 1847, 

81. 
— — on an apparently undescribed genus of 

freshwater Algae, 1847, 81. 
— — on the nervous system and certain 

other points in the anatomy of the Bryo- 

zoa, 1849, 71. 
on a new freshwater Bryozoon, 1849, 

72. 

on Lophopus crystallina, 1849, 72. 

on the reproductive system of Cordy- 

lophora lacustris, 1849, 72. 
• on the morphology of the fruit in the 

Cruciferse, as illustrated by a monstrosity 

in the wallflower, 1851, 70. 
• on the development of ferment cells 

in the warm-water flax steeps, 1852, 64. 



Allman (Prof.) on a microscopic Alga as a 
cause of the phenomenon of the colora- 
tion of large masses of water, 1852, 64. 

on the universality of a medusoid 

structure in the reproductive gemmae of 
the Tubularian and Sertularian polypes, 

1852, 70. 

on a peculiar annelidan larva, 1852, 

70- . . 

* on the signification of the ovigerous 

vesicles in the hydroid polypes, 1852, 71. 

on the structure of the endochrome in 

Conferva linum, 1853, 62. 

on the utricular structure of the endo- 
chrome, a species of Conferva, 1853, 62. 

• on the structure of Hydra viridis, 

1853, 64, 66. 

on the structure of Bursaria, 1853, 65. 

on the occurrence in the infusoria of 

peculiar organs resembling thread-cells, 

1854, 105. 

on the signification of the so-called 

ova of the Hippocrepian polyzoa, and on 
the development of the proper embryo in 
these animals, 1855, 118. 

on the reproductive organs of Sertu- 

laria tamarisca, 1858, 119. 

on Dicoryne stricta, a new genus and 

species of the Tubulariada^, 1859, 142. 

■ on a remarkable form of parasitism 

among the Pycnogonidte, 1859, 143. 

on Laomedea tenuis, 1859, 143. 

on the 8tructiu*e of the Lucernariadas, 

1859, 143. 

Alsop (J.) on the toadstones of Derbysliire, 
1844, 51. . 

Alston (Mr.) on the Glasgow asylum for 
the blind, 1840, 171. 

Ameuney (A.) on the Arabic-speaking po- 
pulation of the world, 1859, 176. 

Anca (Baron P.) on two newly discovered 
ossiferous caves in Sicily, 1860, 73. 

Anderson (Sir C.) on the influence of the 
invasion of the Danes and Scandinavians, 
in early times, on certain localities in 
England, 1853, 73. 

Anderson (C. J.) on explorations in Africa, 

1855, 146. 

^Anderson (G-.) on the superficial deposits 
laid open by the cuttings on the Inver- 
ness and Nairn railroad, 1855, 78. 

Anderson (J.), abstract of his report on a 
searching party down the Great Pish 
River in quest of the crews of the ' Erebus' 
and 'Terror,' 1857, 148. 

Anderson (Dr.) on the dew-point, 1840, 40. 

■ on the meteorology of Perth, 1840, 56. 

Anderson (Prof.) on the caustics produced 
by two mirrors in rotation, 1845, 9. 

Anderson (Dr. T.) on the action of oxidiz- 
ing agents on certain organic bases, 1850, 

47- 
on a compound of iodine and codeine, 

1850, 48. 
■ on the products of the action of heat 

on animal substances, 1851, 43. 



102 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Anderson (Dr. T.) on the constitution of 
meconine and papaverine, and their re- 
lations to the other constituents of opium, 

1854, 64. 

on the alkaloids produced during the 

destructive distillation of animal sub- 
stances, 1854, 64. 

on the composition of paraffine from 

different sources, 1856, 49. 

Anderson (Eev. Dr.) on the fossil fishes and 
yellow sandstone of Dura Den, Fifeshire, 
1850, 70; 1858, 74; 1859,97. 

on human remains in superficial drift, 

1859, 95. 

Andrews (T.) on some caves in Eathlin 
and adjoining coast of Antrim, 1834, 
660. 

^Andrews (Dr. T.) on the action of nitric 
acid on certain metals, 1837, 57. 

on the influence of voltaic combination 

on chemical action, 1838, 69. 

on the heat of combination, 1843, 

on the Irish species of Bobertsonian 

Saxifrages, 1845, 74. 
on an apparatus for determining the 

quanti^ of hygrometric moisture in the 

air, 1851, 29. 
on the discovery of minute quantities 

of soda by the action of polarized light, 

1852, 33. 
on the atomic weights of platinum and 

barium, 1852, 33. 
on the microscopic structure of certain 

basaltic and metamorpliic rocks, and the 

occurrence of metallic iron in them, 1852, 

34- „ . . 
on a new variety of magnetic iron ore, 

with remarks upon the application of 
bicarbonate of baryta to quantitative ana- 
lysis, 1852, 41. 

on a simple instrument for graduating 

glass tubes, 1853, 37. 

on the polar decomposition of water 

by common and atmospheric electricity, 

1855, 46. 

on the aUotropic modifications of 

chlorine and bromiae analogous to the 
ozone from oxygen, 1855, 48. 

* on the heat of combination of acids 

and bases, 1857, 44. 

* on ozone, 1857, 44; 1860, 66. 

Andrews (W.) on the sea-fisheries of Ire- 
land, with reference to their investiga- 
tion practically and scientifically, 1857, 

lOI. 

Ansted (Prof.) on mining records, and their 
preservation, 1844, 42. 

on working and ventilating the coal- 
mines of the north of England, with re- 
ference to the accidents that occur in such 
mines from the explosion of firedamp, 
1845, 53. 

on the coal of India, 1846, 63. 

ApJOHn (Dr. J.) on a formula by which a 
proper correction for vapour may be ap- 



plied to the specific gravities obtained by 
experiments on gases saturated with mois- 
ture, 1831-32, 575. 

Apjohn (Dr. J.) on the dew-point, 1835, 27. 

on the specific heats of elastic fiuids, 

1835, 30. 

on the specific heats of gases, 1836, 33. 

on a new chemical compound, 1837, 48. 

on a new variety of alum, 1837, 49. 

on the correction to be applied for 

moisture to the barometric formula, 1843, 
20. 

on a new method of testing the hygro- 
metric formula usually applied to obser- 
vations made with a wet and dry thermo- 
meter, 1843, 36. 

* on the chemistry of the arsenites, 

1843, 37. 

on the composition and optical pro- 
perties of a variety of hyalite from Mexico, 
1847, 31. 

* , analysis of a substance resembling 

the pigolite of Prof. Johnston, 1852, 35. 

* , Is the mechanical power capable of 

being obtained by a given amount of 
caloric employed in the production of 
vapour independent of the nature of the 
liquids?, 1852, 35. 

* on some compounds of cyanogen, 

1857, 44- 

* on the amount of nitrogen in the 

Alg£e, 1857, 44. 

Appold (J. G.) on a centrifugal pump, 

1849, no. 

on a register hygrometer for regulating 

the atmospheric moisture of houses, 1850, 
170. 

Archer (Prof. T. C), notice of diagrams 
of plants for educational purposes, 1854, 

on some peculiarities discovered in 

liquid caoutchouc, 1854, 96. 

on some materials for making paper, 

1854, 97. 

^Archer (Eev. T. C.) on some peculiar cir- 
cumstances connected with one of the 
coins used on the west coast of Africa, 

1855, 140. 

Argyll (Duke of) on a fossiliferous deposit 
underlying basalt in the island of Mull, 

1850, 70. 

* on the occurrence of copper veins in 

Argyleshire, and on Scotch marble, 1840, 
99. 

Armitage (W. J.) on a few facts connected 
with the manufacture of pig iron in the 
neighbourhood of Leeds, 1858, 204. 

Armstrong (Sir W. G.) on the electricity of 
high-pressure steam, and on a hydro- 
electric machine, 1843, 39. 

on a colossal hydro-electric machine, 

with a notice of some phenomena attend- 
ing theproductionof electricity by steam, 
1845, qo. 

Arnott (Dr. N.) on safety lights for mines, 
1837, 54- 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



103 



Abnott (Dr. N.) on the regulation of com- 
bustion, 1847, 47. 
Arnott (Dr. G. A. Walker-) on the Coc- 

culus indicus of commerce, 1834, 597. 
on the synonyms and affinities of some 

South African genera of plants, 1840, 

147. 
*AsHMAN (J.), improved construction of an 

artificial leg, 1848, 117. 
AsHTON (Dr.) on vital statistics, and on the 

influence which the atmosphere exerts 

over the rate of mortality, 1842, 97. 
AsHWORTii (H.) on the state of education 

(in 1837) in the borough of Bolton, 1837, 

138. 
on the strike (in 1837) of the cotton 

spinners of Preston, 1837, 140. 
on the increase of property in South 

Lancashire since the revolution, 1842, 94. 
on the causes and consequences of the 

Preston strike (in 1853-54), 1854, 130. 
Aston (Capt.) on a singtdar shower of grain 

at Rajket, in India, 1840, 44. 
Atkinson (J.) on rain at Harraby near 

Carlisle, 1841, 30. 

on sea-sickness, and its prevention, 

1851, 75. 

Atkinson (T. W.) on the volcanos of central 
Asia, commencing with the Baikal in Ori- 
ental Siberia, and extending into Mongolia 
and Chinese Tartary, 1858, 75. 

on a journey through parts of the 

Alatou, in Chinese Tartary, 1858, 144. 

* on the caravan routes from the Russian 

frontier to Khiva, Bokhara, Kokhan, and 
Yarkand, 1860, 153. 

* on the caravan route from Yarkand 

to Mai-matchin, 1860, 154. 

^Austin (R.), report of an expedition to ex- 
plore the interior of Western Australia, 
1856, 105. 

*Ayton (Lieut.) on gold in India, 1856, 
60. 

Aytoun (R.) on a safety cage for miners, 
1859, 228. 

Babbage (0.) on the advantage which would 
be derived from a collection in tables of 
all those facts which can be expressed by 
numbers in the various sciences and arts, 
1831-32, 613. 

on natural chronometry, 1835, 6. 

on a remarkable phenomenon in the 

sea, 1835, 6. 

on the statistics contained in the Ord- 
nance Survey of Templemore, 1835, 118. 

* on cooperative shops, 1835, 125. 

' on a thermometer (Hscovered in Italy, 

1836, 77. 

, method by which engravings on wood 

may be rendered useful for the illustra- 
tion of machinery, 1838, 154. 

Babbage (H. P.) on mechanical notation, 
as exemplified in* the Swedish calculating 
machine of Messrs. Scheiitz, 1855, 203. 

Babinet (M.) on a new photometer, 1854, 2. 



Babington (Prof. 0. C), short account of 
the flora of Gfuemsey, Jersey, and Herm, 

1837, 103. 

on the botany of the Channel Islands, 

1838, 117. 

on additions to the British flora, 1839, 

92 ; 1844, 72 ; 1848, 84. 

on the Cuscuta epilinum, or flax 

dodder, 1840, 148. 

, additions to the flora of Cork, 1843, 

79- 

* on Anacharis alsinastrum, 1850, 112. 

on a supposed fossil Fucus found at 

Aust Cliff, Gloucestershire, 1856, 83. 
^Bacchetti (Dr.) on a case of extra-uterine 

pregnancy, 1844, 85. 
Bache (Prof.), researches on radiation, no- 
tice of, 1837, 20. 
on the effect of deflected currents of 

an* on the quantity of rain collected by a 

rain-gauge, 1838, 25. 
* , map of the coast survey of the United 

States, 1847, 39. 
Backhouse (E.) on the annual appearance 

on the Durham coast of some of the 

Lestris tribe, 1838, 108. 
Baddeley (Capt.) on the geology and mine- 
ralogy of Canada, 1840, 1 14. 
Baer (Prof) on the frozen soil of Siberia, 

1838, 96. 
, sketch of the Russian expeditions to 

Novaia Zemlia, 1838, 96. 
Baikie (Dr. W. B.) on the expedition up the 

Niger and Tchadda rivers, 1855, 146. 
Baily (F.), account of some MS. letters 

relative to Flamsteed's Historia Coelestis, 

1833, 462. 
Baily (W. H.) on the occurrence of a true 

cretaceous formation in the south of 

Africa, 1854, 83. 

on fossils from the Crimea, 1856, 

60. 

on carboniferous limestone fossils from 

the county of Limerick, 1857, 62. 

on a new fossil fern from the coal- 

measm-es near G-lyn, co. Limerick, 1857, 

63- 

on the fructification of Cyclopteris 

hibemica, from the upper Devonian or 
lower Carboniferous strata at Kiltorkan 
Hill, Kilkenny, 1858, 75. 

on two new species of Crustacea (Bel- 

linurus)from the coal-measures in Queen's 
Coimty, Ireland, and remarks on forms 
alHed to them, 1858, 76. 

on tertiary fossils of India, 1859, 97. 

on Sphenopteris Hookeri, a new fossil 

fern from the upper old red sandstone 
formation at Kiltorkan Hill, in co. of 
Kilkenny, and on the fish-remains and 
other associated fossils, 1859, 98. 

*Bain (A.) on electric clocks, 1847, 23. 

*Bain (D.) on harbours of refuge, 1859, 229. 

Baines (E.), address as President of the Sta- 
tistical Section, 1858, 157. 

— - on the woollen manufacture of Eiig- 



104 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



land, with special reference to the Leeds 
clothing district, 1858, 158. 

Baines (W.) on the Yorkshire llagstones 
and their fossils, 1858, 78. 

Baines (Mr.), notice of a bunch of grapes 
having black and white grapes on the 
same bunch, 1858, 115. 

*Baird (Mr.) on a successful excision of 
the elbow-joint, 1839, 130. 

Baird (Dr.) on the genera Nebalia, Chi- 
rocephalus, and Branchipus, 1847, 74. 

Baker (J. G-.), an attempt to classify the 
flowering plants and ferns of Great Bri- 
tain according to their geognostic rela- 
tions, 1855, 99. 

, discovery of Galium montanum and 

G. commutatum in Yorkshire, 1855, 
100. 

Baker (R.) on the sanitary and industrial 
economy of the borough of Leeds, 1858, 
164. 

Baker (R., jun.) on the haematite ores of 
West Cumberland, 1858, 106. 

Baker (T. B. Lloyd) on the reformation of 
offenders, 1854, 132. 

, statistics and suggestions connected 

with the reformation of juvenile offenders, 
1856, iz8. 

Bakewell (F. C.) on the copying telegraph, 
and other improvements in telegraphic 
communication, 1849, no. 

on the conduction of electricity through 

water, 1851, 6. 

on the copying electric telegraph, 

1851, II. 

on telegraphic communications by land 

and sea, 1852, 121. 

on telegraphic communication between 

England and America, 1854, 147. 

Bald (R.) on the Mushet band, commonly 
called the black-band ironstone of the 
coal-field of Scotland, 1846, 62. 

Bald (W.) on the tides in the harbour of 
Glasgow, and the velocity of the tidal 
wave in the estuary of the river Clyde, 
1840, 49. 

■ on the construction of the models of 

the island of Achil, Clare Island, and the 
south-western district of Mayo, in Ireland, 
1840, 126. 

*Balestrini (A.) on the submarine electric 
telegraph cable, 1857, 189. 

Balfour (E.) on the migratory tribes of 
central India, 1845, 78. 

• on the means of maintaining the health 

of troops in India, 1848, loi. 

Balfour (Prof.) on the flora of the south 
and west of Ireland, 1852, 64. 

, exhibition of British lichens, contain- 
ing dyeing lichens, 1853, 37. 

* on some new plants, 1853, 63. 

on the occurrence in coal of peculiar 

vegetable organisms resembling the spo- 
rangia of Lycopodium, 1854, 97. 

, notice of a series of specimens illus- 
trating the distribution of plants in Great 



Britain, and remarks on the flora of 
Scotland, 1855, 100. 

Ball (Mr.), notice of Cuculus glandarius 
captured in the co. of Galway, 1843, 71. 

' on the peculiar structure of the hoof 

of the giraffe, 1844, 63. 

*Ball (C.) on the meaning of the arith- 
metical symbols for zero and unity in 
general symbolical algebra, 1838, 2. 

Ball (J.), Erica Mackaiana, exhibited by, 
1837, 104. 

■ on practical means for the advance- 
ment of systematic botany, 1845, 72. 

• on the specific characters of plants, 

considered in morphological connexion, 
1845, 74. 

Ball (John) on rendering the electric tele- 
graph subservient to meteorological re- 
search, 1848, 12. 

on a plan for systematic observations 

of temperature in mountain countries, 
1860, 37. 

Ball (Dr. R.) on Pentacrinus europreus and 
a species of Beroe, 1835, 72. 

* , notice of crania of Seals from the 

coast of Ireland, 1836, 98. 

■' on the destruction of plants by animal 
odour, 1841, 76. 

• on noises produced by one of the 

Notonectidte, 1845, 64. 

*■ on Bryarea scolopendra found in 

Dublin Bay by Dr. Corrigan, 1849, 72. 

* , notice of a new dredge for natural- 
history purposes, 1849, 72. 

on a plan of aerating aquavivaria, 

1854, 115. 

* , notice of a dredge, 1856, 91. 

resolution adopted as a tribute of re- 
spect to his memory, 1857, 95. 

^Balten (A.) on a boat-lowering apparatus, 
1859, 229. 

Banks (Dr.) on a new anemometer, 1846, 
12. 

Banks (R.) on the discovery of ichthyolites 
and Crustacea in the tilestones of King- 
ton, Herefordshire, 1855, 78. 

'"^Bannbster (S.) on the population of New 
Zealand, 1838, 167. 

■ on the population of Africa, 1840, 185. 

Bardsley (Dr.) on a case of monstrosity, 
1842, 87. 

Barker (Prof.E.), account of some chemical 
processes, 1835, 52. 

^Barker (Dr. J.) on the part played by the 
cavernous sinus in the circulation of the 
brain, 1852, 78. 

^Barker (John), mechanical proof of the 
composition of rotatory forces, 1852, 122. 

Barker (Dr. W.) on electric currents pass- 
ing through platinum wire, 1835, 33. 

Barklay (R.) on an instrument for sound- 
ing, 1855, 205. 

Barlee (G.), raremollusca collected in Zet- 
land by, 1849, 78. 

, list of marine Polyzoa collected in 

Shetland aud the Orkneys, with descrip- 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



105 



tions of the new Bpecies by G-. Busk, 
1859, 144. 

^Barlow (P. W.) on the mechanical eifects 
of combining suspension chains and gir- 
ders, 1860, 201. 

Barnes (Dr. E.) on the condition of Thames 
water, as affected by London sewage, 1857, 
44. 

Barnes (Dr. T.) on abscess of the lungs, 
1838,134. 

Baknett (Mr.) on photographic researches, 
1855, 48. 

Barrett (Lucas) on the Braehiopoda ob- 
served in a dredging tour with Mr. M'An- 
drew on the coast of Norway, 1855, 106. 

■ on the atlas and axis of the Plesio- 

saurus, 1858, 78. 

Barry (Dr. M.) on the colour of the sky as 
seen from Mont Blanc, 1835, 77. 

— — on the first changes consequent on 
fecundation in the mammiferous ovum, 
with reference to Prof. Agassiz's com- 
munication on the development of the 
fish in the egg, 1840, 129. 

on a singular locality chosen for its 

nest by the black redstart, 1852, 71. 

Barth (Dr. 11.), description of Timbuctoo, 
its population and commerce, 1855, 140. 

^ on the anomalous period of the rising 

of the Niger, 1857, 118. 

Bartholomew (W. li.) on steam-tugs em- 
ployed on the Aire and Calder naviga- 
tion, 1858, 205. 

Bartlett (Mr.) on the post-tertiary forma- 
tions of Cornwall and Devon, 1841, 61. 

■ on animal and vegetable physiology, 

1841, 77. 

Barton (J.) on the permanent way of rail- 
ways, 1852, 122. 

on the calculation of strains in lattice 

girders, 1852, 123. 

on a model of the Boyne viaduct, with 

description of it, and the principles of its 
construction, 1857, 178. 

Bashfortii (Eev. E.) on a machine for 
finding the numericeil roots of equations, 
and tracing a varietv of useful curves, 
1845, 3. 

Bate (C. Spence) on fossil remains disco- 
vered in Bacon Hole, Grower, and other 
remains from beneath the bed of tlie river 
Tawey, 1848, 62. 

■ on some Tubicolse, 1849, 72. 

on the boring of marine animals, 

1849, 73. 

on Crustacea, 1850, 1 15: — development 

of the shell, 115; shedding the exuviae, 
116; reproduction of limbs, 116 ; use of 
the false feet in male Brachyura, 116; 
number of broods, 117 ; uses of the fifth 
pair of legs in the Anomoura, 117 ; new 
species, 118. 

* on the morphology of the Pycno- 

gonidae, and on the development of the 
ova in isopodous and amphipodous Crus- 
tacea, 1853, 66. 



*Bate (C. Spence) notice of a new crus- 
tacean, Monimia Whiteana, 1856, 91. 

^Bateman (Dr.), astronomical instruments 
in the Great Exhibition (1851), 1851, 21. 

Bateman (J.) on the sliding rule, 1841, 42. 

Bateman (John) on the collection of water 
for the supply of towns, 1844, 100. 

Bateman (Dr. Joseph) on Mr. Phillips's 
method of discovering adulteration in 
tobacco, 1844, 29. 

* on the rate of mox'tality in the me- 
tropolitan improved dwellings for the in- 
dustrial classes, 1858, 164. 

on the degree of education of persons 

tried at the Middlesex Sessions, 1858, 168. 

on the investments of the industrial 

classes, 1858, 168. 

Bateman (J. F.) on a self-acting waste-weir 
and scouring sluice, 1842, no. 

, observations on the discharge of water, 

1852, 124. 

* on the large valves and other ma- 
chinery employed for the discharge of 
water at the Manchester waterworks, 

1853, 113. 

* , description of the G-lasgow water- 
works, 1859, 230. 

on an artesian well in the new red 

sandstone at the Wolverhampton water- 
works, 1859, 229. 

on the Glasgow waterworks, 1859, 230. 

^Bateson (S.) on Glynn and Appel's patent 
paper for the prevention of piracy and 
forgery by the anastatic process, 1852, 3 5. 

Batten (E.) on the explanation of certain 
geological phenomena by the agency of 
glaciers, 1844, 57. 

Baxter (W.) on the spiral vessels observed 
in the mucous matter which envelopes the 
seeds of Salvia verbenaca, 1831-32, 605. 

Bayley (G.) on a floating dry dock, 1858, 
206. 

Bazley (T.), trade and commerce the aux- 
iliaries of civilization and comfort, 1858, 
169. 

•5^Beale (Prof.) on the ultimate arrangement 
of nerves in muscular tissue, 1860, 125. 

Beamish (Major N. L.) on the apparent 
fall or diminution of water in the Baltic, 
and elevation of the Scandinavian coast, 
1843, 59. 

— — , statistical report of the parish of St. 
Michael, 1843, 87. 

Beamish (E.), description by E. Mushet of 
an ancient miner's axe, discovered in the 
Forest of Dean, 1856, 71. 

, statistics of Cheltenham, 1856, 129. 

, the human hand an index of mental 

development, 1857, 118. 

Beart (Mr.) on a method of filtering li- 
quids, 1839, 131. 

Beattie (G.) on an improved door spring, 
1850, 170. 

^Beattie (J. S.) on electro-magnetic en- 
gines, 1857, 178; on coal-burning engines, 
178. 



106 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Beattie (W.) on a bone-cave near Montrose, 

1859, 99. 
Beaufort (Capt.), letter from Capt, Hewett 

on the rise and fall of tide in the middle 

of the North Sea, 1841, 32. 
*Beaumont (G. B.) on the origin and insti- 
tutions of the Cymri, 1851, 84. 
Beck (J.) on producing the idea of distance 

in the stereoscope, 1859, 61. 
Becker (Dr. L.) on the constant increase 

of elevation of the beds of rivers, 1850, 

72. 
, remarks as to the earlier existence of 

the Binnen or inland lake, 1850, 73. 
Beckett (C.) on the dialects north and south 

oftheHumber, 1853, 73. 
Beckley's (E.) self -registering anemometer, 

description of, by J. Welsh, 1856, 38, 
Becquerel (E.) on a pile with sulphate of 

lead, 1860, 59. 
Beddoe (Dr. J.) on the physical characters 

of the ancient and modern G-ermans, 

1857, 118. 
Bedford (J.) on colorific lichens, 1858, 45. 
Beechey (Capt.), results of deep dredging 

off the Mull of Galloway, 1842, 72. 
Beke (Dr. C. T.) on the physical character 

of the table-land of Abessinia, 1846, 70. 
on the origin of the Gallas, 1847, 113. 

on the sources of the Nile in the 

Mountains of the Moon, 1848, 63. 

on the geographical distribution of 

the languages of Abessinia and the neigh- 
bouring countries, 1848, 94. 

on a diamond slab supposed to have 

been cut from the Koh-i-noor, 1851, 44. 

, a summary of recent Nilotic discovery, 

1851, 84. 

Belcher (Capt. Sir E.) on the discovery of 
Ichthyosaurus and other fossils in the 
Arctic searching expedition, 1855, 79. 

, remarks on the trunk of a tree dis- 
covered erect as it grew within the Arctic 
circle, 1855, 10 1. 

on the Arctic expedition, 1855, 147. 

on the manufacture of stone hatchets, 

&c. by the Esquimaux, 1860, 154. 

*Bell (A.) on a new case of interference, 
1840, 14. 

Bbll (Sir C.) on the proper method of 
studying the nervous system, 1834, 667. 

Bell (Dr. C. W.) on the disease Mai 
d'Aleppe, 1840, 161. 

Bell (Prof. T.) on the Crustacea found by 
Prof. E, Forbes and Mr, M 'Andrew in 
their cruises round the coast, 1846, 80. 

Bblla>iy (J. C), notice of a collection of 
Devonian fossils, 1841, 64. 

on the distribution, &c. of the mam- 
mals of Devonshire, 1841, 68. 

Bellamy (Dr. P. F.) on two Peruvian 
mummies, 1841, 75. 

Bbllinoham (Dr.) on Trichocephalus dispar 
in the intestines of man, 1837, 98. 

« on the motions of the heart, 1837, 

114. 



BELLmoHAM (Dr.) on Ascaris alata, 1838, 
115. 

on the occurrence of crystals in the 

human intestines, 1838, 134. 

* on new species of Entozoa, 1839, 

86. 

*Benge (Mr.), new secret lock without a 
key, 1839, 131. 

*Bennet (Dr. H.) on a peculiar form of 
ulceration of the cervix uteri, 1846, 94. 

Bennett (Dr. G.) on some uses to which 
the nuts of the vegetable ivory palm 
(Phytelephas macrocarpa) are applied, 
1859, 130, 

^Bennett (Prof G.) on the structure of the 
nerve-tubes, 1859, 265. 

* on the origin of morbid growths with 

reference to the connective-tissue theory, 
1859, 265. 

* on the molecular theory of organiza- 
tion, 1859, 265. 

Bennett (Prof. J. H.) on the law of mo- 
lecular elaboration in organized bodies, 
1855, 119. 

Bennoch (F.), some suggestions for an im- 
proved system of currency and banking, 
1853, 97. 

Benson (Mr.) on the theory of the forma- 
tion of white lead, 1839, 60. 

Benson (Starling) on a boulder of cannel 
coal found in a vein of common bitumi- 
nous coal, 1848, 64. 

on the relative position of the various 

qualities of coal in the South Wales coal- 
measures, 1848, 65. 

*Bentham (Lady) on an improved mode of 
keeping accounts in our national esta- 
blishments, 1855, 159. 

* on continuous work in dockyards, 

1855, 205. 

Bentley (J.) on the state of education and 
crime in England and Wales, 1840, 185. 

Bergeron (M.), method of instantaneously 
casting loose the locomotive engine from 
steam -carriages, 1842, 114. 

Berkeley (Rev. M. J.) on the probability 
of the conversion of asci into spores in 
certain fungi, 1851, 70. 

Bernard (Dr. F.) on indices of the refraction 
of transparent media included between 
two parallel faces, and on a portable re- 
fractometer, 1854, 2. 

description of a photometer, 1854, 4. 

on polarimetry, 1854, 4. 

Berry (G. E.) on collodion negatives, 1854, 
64. 

Bessel (M.) on the astronomical clock, 
1842, I. 

, notice of a very curious fact connected 

with photography, discovered by M. 
Moser, 1842, 14. 

^Bessemer (M.) on the manufacture of iron 
and steel, 1856, 162. 

Bbswick (S.) on a method for computing 
magnetic charts of declination, 1850, 3. 

Bevan (B.) on the compilation of a general 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



107 



table of altitudes of places in Great Bri- 
tain and Ireland, 1831-32, 581. 

Bevan (Dr.) on the tests for arsenic, 1843, 
87. 

Bevan (Mr.), notice of a paddle-wheel, 
1843, 10 1. 

*Bevan (Dr.), a new life-boat, 1844, 99. 

* on applying atmospheric air to pro- 
pulsion, 1846, 113. 

Bevan (G-. P.) on the marine shell-bed of 
the South Wales coal basin, showing the 
presence of vegetable remains in the 
upper coal-measures, and of shells and 
fish in the lower coal-measures, 1858, 80. 

*BiALL0BL0TZKi (Dr.) ou an ethnological 
collection in illustration of the ethnology 
of Java, 1852, 82. 

* on the different points of fusion to 

be observed in the constituents of granite, 
1859, 68. 

* on granite, 1859, 100. 

BiANCONi (C.) on his car establishment in 
Ireland, 1843, 92 ; 1857, 155. 

Bickersteth (Mr.) on the milk of Gralac- 
todendron utile, 1837, 102. 

Bielke (R.), statistical remarks relating to 
Denmark, 1847, 96. 

^BiGGS (Mr.), inquiry into the sanitary 
condition of co. Cork, 1843, 93. 

Billet (J.) on the vital principle, 1847, 91. 

*BiLLiNG8 (R. M.) on the mechanical prin- 
ciples of ancient tracery, 1855, 205. 

BiNGLBY (C, W.) on the peculiar action of 
mud and water on glass, 1858, 45. 

BiNNEY (E. W.) on microscopic vegetable 
skeletons found in peat near Grains- 
borough, 1839, 71. 

^ on fossil fishes from St. 

Colliery near Manchester, 1839, 75. 

on the great Lancashire coal-field, 

1842, 49. 

on fossU trees at St. Helen's, Lan- 
cashire, which exhibit Stigmaris© as their 
roots, 1845, 52. 

* on the solubility of bone-earth from 

various sources in solutions of chloride 
of ammonium and common salt, 1859, 
66. 

BiRCiiALL (E.) on a list of additions to 
Irish Lepidoptera, 1857, 10 1. 

Bird (Dr. Gr.) on the crystallization of me- 
tals by voltaic action, 1837, 45. 

on some of the products obtained by 

the action of nitric acid on alcohol, 1838, 

on the artificial formation of a basic 

chloride of copper by voltaic influence, 
1838, 56. 

on the deposition of metallic copper 

from its solutions, 1838, 57. 

on poisoning by the vapours of burn- 
ing charcoal, 1839, loi. 

*BiRD (Dr.) on the deodorization of sew- 
age, 1860, 66. 

Birmingham (T.) on reclaiming the bog of 
Critt, in Q-alway, 1837, 139. 



Birmingham (T.) on the advantages to be 
obtained by turning canals into railways, 
especially as applicable to the Royal Canal 
lying between the city of Dublin and the 
river Shannon, 1844, 97. 

on the drift of West Galway and the 

eastern part of Mayo, 1857, 64. 

BiRT (W. R.) on the probable causes of 
the aerial currents of the temperate zones, ' 
1837, 34. 

on atmospheric waves, 1846, 35. 

on shooting stars, 1849, 1 5. 

on the mid-day illumination of the 

lunar craters, Greminus, Burckhardt, and 
Bernoulli, 1859, 30. 

on the forms of certain lunar craters 

indicative of the operation of a peculiar 
degrading force, 1860, 34. 

on atmospheric waves, 1860, 38. 

Black (Dr.) on the epidemic influenza at 
Bolton-le-Moors, 1837, 115. 

on certain traces of Roman coloni- 
zation in Lancashire, 1845, 80. 

Black (the late Dr.), a few unpublished 
particulars concerning, by Dr. Gr. Wilson, 
1850, 69. 

*Black (Dr.) on coal at Ambisheg, Isle of 
Bute, 1859, 100. 

Black (W.) on ascertaining the strength of 
spirits, 1836, 61. 

on the influence of electricity on the 

process of brewing, 1837, 58. 

Blackburn (C.) on some new properties of 
geometric series, 1837, 2. 

* on analytic theorems, 1839, 26. 

Blackie (Dr. W. Gr.) on the Russo-Chinese 
frontier and the Amoor River, 1858, 
147. 

Blackwall (J.) on the structure and func- 
tions of spiders, 1833, 444. 

* , summer birds observed in Denbigh- 
shire, 1842, 66. 

on the palpi of spiders, 1842, 66. 

on a species of Ichneumon whose larva 

is parasitic on spiders, 1842, 68. 

, periodical birds observed near Llaii- 

rwst, 1843, 69 ; 1845, 61, 63 ; 1846, 79 ; 
1847, 75 ; 1848, 84. 

, work on British spiders, notice of, 

1860, 120. 

BlAckwall (T. E.) on the production of 
crystals of silver, 1838, 74. 

Blair (Dr.) on some remarkable primitive 
monuments existing at or near Carnac 
(Brittany), and on the discrimination of 
races by their local and fixed monuments, 
1849, 82. 

Blake (Dr. J.) on the action of substances 
injected into the veins, 1838, 129. 

on the connexion between the iso- 

morphous relations of the elements and 
their physiological action, 1846, 40. 

on the physiological action of in- 
organic substances introduced directly 
into the blood, 1853, 66. 

Blake (Dr. J.) on the comparatiye richness 



108 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



of auriferous quartz extracted at different 
depths from tlio same lode, 1853, 50. 

Blakely (Capt.) on the proportion between 
the length required for an electric tele- 
graph cable and its specific gravity, 1857, 
II. 

■ on improvements in ordnance, 1857, 

179. 

on rifled cannon, 1860, aoi. 

Blakiston (Dr.) on respiratory sounds, and 
on the voice, 1839, 99. 

Blanckly (Capt.), two Peruvian mummies 
presented to the Devon and Cornwall 
Natural History Society by, 1841, 75. 

Bland (Hon. W.) on an atmotic ship, 1860, 
60. 

*Blech (Dr.) on South African languages, 
1854, 126. 

*Bleeker (Dr.), descriptions of genera of 
fish from Java, 1859, 144. 

Blundell (Dr. J. W. F.) on an Australian 
expedition, 1854, 125. 

Blunt (H.) on a model of the moon's sur- 
face, 1849, 1. 

*Blyth (W.) on the manufacture of sul- 
phuric acid, 1842, ^.o. 

Blyth (Prof.) on the cleavage of the De- 
vonians of the south of Ireland, 1855, 82. 

*Bode (Baron de) on the country to the 
west of the Caspian Sea, 1859, 177. 

*BoD]\tEB (J. C.) on the new double-piston 
steam-engine, 1844, 98. 

on a new apparatus for starting heavy 

machinery, 1844, 98. 

on a new furnace grate, 1844, 98. 

* , improved cutting tools, 1844, 99. 

on long- and short-stroked steam-en- 
gines, 1846, 113. 

^BoGUSLAwsKi's (Prof.) report on the mag- 
netic observations made at Breslau with 
the magnetic instruments belonging to 
the Association, General Sabine's notice 
of, 1842, 19. 

on a stand applicable to the use of 

astronomical telescopes, 1845, 6. 

on the formation of coal, &c., by Dr. 

Gopping, 1847, 66. 

BoiLEAu (Sir J. P.) on the state of the 
agricultural labourers in the county of 
Norfolk, 1845, 89. 

, statistics of mendicancy, 1848, 105. 

Bois-Eeymond (Dr. E. du) on a new effect 
produced on muscles by the electric cur- 
rent, 1852, 78. 

BoLLAERT (G. A.) on the meteoric iron of 
Atacama, 1851, 84. 

BoLLAERT (W.) on the Comanche Indians, 
1846, 116. 

— — on tJie Indian tribes of Texas, 1846, 
116. 

* on certain tribes of South America, 

1851, 84. 

, observations on the great earthquake 

experienced in Chile, 1851, 85. 

* on the sources of common salt, 1852, 

41, 



BoLLAERT (W.) on the distribution of 
common salt, and other saline bodies, 
with a view to show their primary origin 
and subsequent formations, 1852, 100. 

, ethnological and antiquarian researches 
in New Granada, Quito, and Peru, and 
on the pre-incareal, incareal, and the 
monuments of neighbouring nations in 
Peru, 1857, 121. 

* on the geography of Southern Peru, 

1859, 177. 

Bond (G. P. and R.F.) on an apparatus 
for making astronomical observations by 
means of electro-magnetism, 1851, 21. 

Bond (W. C), notice of curves representing 
the changes of magnetic declination ob- 
served by, 1841, 27. 

BoNOMi (J.) on a gigantic bird sculptured 
on the tomb of an officer of the household 
of Pharaoh, 1845, 63. 

on an apparatus for measuring and re- 
gistering two dimensions of the human 
frame, 1845, 76. 

on the figures of birds observed on a 

tomb at Memphis, 1846, 79. 

on a map of ancient Egypt of the 

time of Antoninus Pius, 1848, 66. 

BoNTEMPS (G.) on some modifications in 
the colouring of glass by metallic oxides, 
1849, 34. 

Boole (Prof. G.) on the equation of La- 
place's functions, 1845, 2. 

* on a method of definite integration, 

1847, I. 

on the theory of astronomical observa- 
tions, 1857, 2. 

* on certain additions to the integral 

calculus, 1857, 2. 

*BooTH (A.) on spontaneous combustion, 
1841, 50. 

* on some fii-es produced from spon- 
taneous combustion, 1842, 40. 

* on fires at Liverpool, and on spon- 
taneous combustion, 1843, 39. 

* on the chemical composition of 

smoke, its production, and influence on 
organic substances, 1843, 39. 

Booth (Mr.) on an apparatus for raising 
miners and minerals from deep mines, 
1843, 100. 

Booth (Rev. Dr. J.) on a new method of 
converting rectilinear into rotatory mo- 
tion, 1845, 94. 

on a general method of deriving the 

properties of umbilical surfaces of the 
second order, having three unequal axes, 
from the properties of the sphere, 1858, 2. 

on the mutual relations of inverse 

curves and inverse curved surfaces, 1858, 

3- 

on an instrumetit for describing spirals, 

1858, 207. 

on the relations between hyperconic 

sections and elliptic integrals, 18G0, 4. 

* on a new general method for establish- 
ing the theory of conic sections, 1860, 4. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



109 



Booth (Rev. Dr. J.) on an improved in- 
strument for describing spirals, 1860, 60. 

* on the true principles of an income- 
tax, 1860, 184. 

on a deep-sea pressure-gauge, invented 

by Mr. H. Johnson, 1860, 202. 

*BoRcnARDT (M.) sur leprincipe du dernier 
multiplicateur dans les problemes de me- 
canique, 1847, i. 

BosE (C. M. von), remarks on the volume 
theory of gases, 1860, 71. 

*BoswARRA (J.), notice of the heave of a 
copper lode, 1841, 64. 

BoTHWELL (G-. B.) on the manufactm-es 
and trade of Aberdeen, 1859, 200. 

^BouLT (J.), diagrams illustrative of the 
changes in the bed of the river Mersey 
and its approaches, 1854, 117. 

* on the importance of periodical en- 
gineering surveys of tidal harbours, 1855, 

147. 

BouTiGNY (M.) on the spheroidal state of 
bodies, and its application to steam- 
boilers, and on the freezing of water in 
red-hot vessels, 1845, 27. 

■ on the cause which maintains bodies 

in the spheroidal state beyond the sphere 
of physico-chemical activity, 1851, 44. 

BowDiTCH (W. R.) on the formation of hail, 
as illustrated by local storms, 1858, 34. 

BowERBANK (Dr. J. S.) on the probable di- 
mensions of the great shark (Carcharias 
megalodon) of the red crag, 1851, 54. 

on the pterodactyles of the chalk for- 
mation, 1851, 55. 

on the remains of a gigantic bird from 

the London clay of Sheppey, 1851, 55. 

on the origin of siliceous deposits in 

the chalk formation, 1856, 63. 

Bowman (Mr.) on a remarkable rainbow, 
1840, 12. 

Bowman (E.) on determining distances by 
the telescope, 1841, 42. 

Bowman (J. E.) on the bone-cave at Cefn 
in Denbighshire, 1836, 88. 

— — on the longevity of the yew, and the 
antiquity of planting it in churchyards, 
1836, loi.^ 

on microscopic vegetable skeletons 

found by Mr. Binney in the peat near 
Gainsborough, 1839, 71. 

■ on a species of dodder (Cuscuta epi- 

linum), 1839, 89. 

■ on the upper Silurian formation in the 

Yale of Llangollen, and on a plateau of 
igneous rocks on the east flank of the 
Berwyn range, 1840, 100. 

on the upper Silurian rocks of Den- 
bighshire, 1841, 59. 

Bowman (W.) on some points in the ana- 
tomy of the eye, chiefly with reference to 
its power of adjustment, 1847, 91. 

BowNESs (E.) on a plan for drawing coals 
from pits without ropes or chains, 1844, 98. 

BowRiNG (Dr.) on plague and quarantine, 
1838, 120. 



BowRiNG (J. C.) on the theory and practice 
of amalgamation of silver ores in Mexico 
and Peru, 1844, 28. 

*BoYS (Rev. Mr.) on the choice of sites for 
colonial towns, 1845, 90. 

Bracebridge (C. H.) on rural statistics, 
illustrated by those of the Atherstone 
Union, 1844,* 93. 

on the county of Warwick asylum for 

juvenile offenders, 1849, 87. 

on self-supporting dispensaries, with 

statistics of the Coventry Provident Dis- 
pensary, 1858, 170. 

^Bradley (Rev. J.) on the boring of Sabella?, 
1848, 125. 

Brady (A.) on the elephant-remains at 
Ilford; 1859, 130. 

*Braham (Mr.) on an improvement in 
Pope's fluid compass, 1836, 132. 

Braid (J.) on the physiology of fascination, 
1855, 120. 

Brakenridge (J.) on the working and ven- 
tilation of coal-mines, 1857, 180. 

Brand (Mr.) on the statistics of British 
botany, 1839, 89. 

*Brand (Mr. Consul) on the Portuguese 
possessions of South-west Africa, 1855, 
147. 

Brandt (J. F.), notice of his zoological in- 
vestigations, 1840, 137. 

Braschmann (Prof.), considerations on the 
principles of analytical mechanics, 1842, 4. 

Brazier (J. S.) on Irish bog butter, 1852, 

35- 
on the action of concentrated sulphuric 

acid on cubebin in relation to the test for 

strychnine by bichromate of potash and 

sulphuric acid, 1859, 256. 

on dugong oil, 1859, 256. 

* on distilled water, 1859, 256. 

, laboratory memoranda, 1859, 257. 

Brennecke (Dr.) on some solutions of the 

problem of tactions of Apolloniusof Perga 

by modern geometry, 1860, 4. 
Brent (J. B.), a comparison of athletic 

men of Great Britain with Greek statues, 

1851, 84. 
Brent (W. B.) on the stature and relative 

proportions of man at different epochs 

and in different countries, 1844, 82. 
■ on the height, weight, and strength of 

man, 1845, 80. 
Brett (R. H.) on the physical and chemical 

characters of expectoration in different 

diseases of the lungs, 1837, 125. 
Brett (J. W.) on the origin of the submarine 

telegraph, and its extension to India and 

America, 1854, 7. 
Breunner (Count) on the use of wire ropes 

in deep mines, 1838, 150. 
Brewster (Sir D.) on the progress of the 

science of mineralogy, 1831-32, 60. 
on an instrument for distinguishing pre- 
cious stones and minerals, 1831-32, 72. 
on the crystalline lens in fishes, birds, 

reptiles, and quadrupeds, 1831-32, 81. 



110 



SECTIONS,—- INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Brewster (Sir D.) on the analysis of solar 

Hght, 1831-32, 89. 
on the colours of natural bodies, 1831- 

32, 547. 
on the undulations excited in the 

retina by the action of luminous points 

and lines, 1831-32, 549. 
on the effect of compression and dila- 
tation upon the retina, 1831-32, 553. 
on a remarkable specimen of amber, 

1834, 574. 
on the value of optical characters in 

the discrimination of mineral species, 

1834, 575. 
on the action of crystallized surfaces 

upon common and polarized light, 1836, 

13- 

on the polarizing structure in the 

crystalline lens after death, 1836, 16. 

on cataract, 1836, 1 1 1. 

on the cause of the optical phenomena 

in the crystalline lens during the absorp- 
tion of ^stilled water, 1837, 11. 

on a new property of light, 1837, 12. 

on a new structure in the diamond, 

1837, 13. 

on an ocular parallax in vision, and 

on the law of visible direction, 1838, 7, 

on new phenomena of colour in cer- 
tain specimens of fluor spar, 1838, 10. 

on new phenomena of diffraction, 

1838, 12. 

on the combined action of grooved 

metallic and transparent surfaces upon 
light, 1838, 13. 

on a new kind of polarity in homo- 
geneous light, 1838, 13. 

on some preparations of the eye by 

Mr. C. Wallace, 1838, 14. 

on the fossil teeth of the Sauroid fishes, 

1838, 90. 

, optical phenomena observed by, Eev. 

Prof. Powell's explanation of, 1839, i. 

on the decomposition of glass, 1840, 5. 

on Prof. Powell's measures of the 

indices of refraction for the lines Gr and 

H in the spectrum, 1840, 5. 
on the wingsof polarized lightproduced 

in specimens of decomposed glass, 1840, 6. 
on the cause of the increase of colour 

by the inversion of the head, 1840, 7. 
on the phenomena and cause of muscaa 

volitantes, 1840, 8. 
on a method of illuminating micro- 
scopic objects, 1840, 9. 
, account of the camera obscura, and 

other apparatus used in making daguer- 
reotype drawings, 1840, 9. 
on the line of visible direction along 

the axis of vision, 1840, ^. 
on an improvement m the polarizing 

microscope, 1840, 10. 
on the blue, &c. colour of the sun, 

1840, 10. 
on a new property of the rays of the 

spectrum, with observations on the ex- 



planation of it given by the Astronomer 

E-oyal, on the principles of the undulatory 

theory, 1842, 12. 
Brewster (Sir D.) on the existence of a new 

neutral point, and two secondary neutral 

points, 1842, 13. 

on crystalline reflexion, 1842, 13. 

on the dichroism of the palladio-chlo- 

rides of potassium and ammonium, 1842, 

, account of Dr. Moser's new process 

of producing photographic impressions, 
1842, 14. 

^T on the dichroism of a solution of 

stramonium in aether, 1842, 14. 

— — on the geometric forms, and laws of 
illumination of the spaces which receive 
the solar rays, transmitted through qua- 
drangular apertures, 1842, 15. 

on luminous lines in certain flames 

corresponding to the defective lines in 
the sun's light, 1842, 15. 

on the structure of a part of the solar 

spectrum hitherto unexamined, 1842, 

on the luminous bands in the spectra 

of various flames, 1842, 15. 
, experiment on the ordinary refraction 

of Iceland spar, 1843, 7. 
on the action of two blue oils upon 

light, 1843, 8. 
on the cause of an optical phenomenon 

observed by the Rev. W. Selwyn, 1844, 8. 
on the cause of the colours in precious 

opal, 1844, 9. 
on the cause of the white rings seen 

round a luminous body when looked at 

through calcareous spar, 1844, 9. 
on crystals in the cavities of topaz, 

which are dissolved by heat and recrystal- 

lize on cooling, 1844, 9. 
on a singular effect of the juxtaposition 

of certain colours under particular cir- 
cumstances, 1844, 10. 
on the accommodation of the eye to 

various distances, 1844, 10. 
on the polarization of light by rough 

surfaces, and white dispersing surfaces, 

1844, II. 

on a new polarity of light, with an ex- 
amination of Mr. Airy's explanation of it 
on the undulatory theory, 1845, 7. 

on two new properties of the retina, 

1845, 8. 

on the rotation of minute crystals in 

the cavities of topaz, 1845, 9. 

on the condition of topaz subsequent 

to the formation of certain classes of ca- 
vities within it, 1845, 9. 

• on an improved method of taking posi- 
tive Talbotypes (calotypes), 1845, 10. 

on fog-rings observed in America, 

1845, 19. 

on a new property of light exhibited 

in the action of chrysammate of potash 
upon common and polarized light, 1846, 7. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Ill 



Brewster (Sir D.) on the polarization of 
the atmosphere, 1847, 32. 

on a new species of polarization re- 
lated to the direction of the grooves in 
grooved surfaces, 1847, 32. 

on the conversion of relief in a draw- 
ing, by inverting the drawing and viewing 
it with a lens of a short focus, 1847, 

33- 
on the diffraction bands produced by 

the edges of thin plates, whether solid or 

fluid, 1847, 33. 
on the dark lines in the portion of the 

red space beyond the red extremity of the 

spectrum as seen by Fraunhofer, 1847, 

33- 
— ■ — on the functions of the membranes of 
the eye at the foramen centrale of Soem- 
mering, 1847, 33. 

on the compensation of impressions 

moving over the retina, as seen in rail- 
way travelling, 1848, 47. 

— — on the vision of distance as given by 
colour, 1848, 48. 

on the visual impressions upon the 

foramen centrale of the retina, 1848, 
48. 

, examination of Bishop Berkeley's 

'« new theory of vision," 1848, 49 ; 1849, 
6. 

on a binocular camera, 1849, 5. 

on the photographic camera, 1849, 

5- 

on a new form of lenses, and their ap- 
plication to the construction of two tele- 
scopes or microscopes of exactly equal 
optical power, 1849, 6. 

■ , notice of experiments on circular cry- 
stals, 1849, 6. 

on a new stereoscope, 1849, 6. 

on the artificial magnets made by M. 

Logeman by the process of M. Elias, 
1850, 4. 

on a new membrane investing the 

crystalline lens of the ox, 1850, 4. 

on the optical properties of the cyan- 

urets of platinum and magnesia, and of 
barytes and platinum, 1850, 5. 

on the polarizing structure of the eve, 

1850, 5. 

on some new phenomena in the po- 
larization of the atmosphere, 1850, 6. 

on improvements in photography, 

, note by Dr. Jules G-uyot, claiming 

the priority of the invention of the tu- 
bular bridge, 1850, 170. 

on a tree struck by lightning in Clan- 

deboye Park, 1852, a. 

on a ease of vision without retina, 

1852, 3. 

on the form of images produced by 

lenses and mirrors of different sizes, 
1852, 3. 

— — — on certain phenomena of diffraction, 
1852, 24. 



Brewster (Sir D.), account of a remarkable 
case of mirage, 1852, 24. 

, observations on the diamond, 1852, 41. 

on the optical phenomena and cry- 
stallization of tourmaline, titanium, and 
quartz within mica, amethyst, and topaz, 
1853, 3. 

on the production of crystalline struc- 
ture in crystallized powders by com- 
pression and traction, 1853, 3. 

on the triple spectrum, 1855, 7. 

* on the remains of plants in calca- 
reous spar from King's county, Ireland, 
1855,9. 

on the existence of acari in mica, 

1855, 9. 

on the binocular vision of surfaces of 

different colours, 1855, 9. 

on the absorption of matter by the 

surfaces of bodies, 1855, 9. 

* on the phenomena of decomposed 

glass, 1855, ID. 

on the centering of the lenses of the 

compound object-glasses of microscopes, 

1857, 4. ^ 

on the duration of luminous impres- 
sions on certain points of the retina, 

1858, 6. 

on vision through the foramen cen- 
trale of the retina, 1858, 7. 

on certain abnormal structures in the 

crystalline lenses of animals, and in the 
human crystalline, 1858, 7. 

— — on the crystalline lens of the cuttle- 
fish, 1858, 10. 

on Prof. Petzval's new combination 

lens, 1858, 13. 

on the use of amethyst plates in ex- 
periments on the polarization of light, 

1858, 13. 

on a new species of double refraction, 

1859, 10. 

on the decomposed glass found at 

Nineveh and other places, 1859, 11 ; 1860, 

9- 

on Sir Christopher Wren's cipher, 

containing three methods of finding the 
longitude, 1859, 34. 

* on a horseshoe-nail found in the red 

sandstone of Kingoodie, 1859, 10 1 ; 1860, 

73- 

^ on the connexion between the solar 

spots and magnetic disturbances, 1859, 
245. 

. on a remarkable specimen of chal- 
cedony, exhibiting a perfectly distinct and 
well-drawn landscape, 1859, 245. 

on some optical illusions connected 

with the inversion of perspective, 1860, 

7- 
* on the influence of very small aper- 
tures on telegcopic vision, 1860, 7. 

on microscopic vision, and a new 

form of microscope, 1860, 8. 

*Brian (Capt.) on the Africans of the neigh- 
bourhood of Bonny, 1846, 117. 



112 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Bridges (W.) on wooden railways, 1844, 

97- 
Briggs (Major-Gen.) on the cultivation of 

the cotton of commerce, 1839, 90. 

on tlie aboriginal tribes of India, 

1847, 118. 

Briggs (H.) on industrial education, 1844, 

IIZ. 

Bright (E. B.) on magneto-electricity and 
underground wires, 1854, 8. 

Brisbane (Gen. Sir T. M.) on an apparent 
anomaly in the measure of rain, 1834, 
560. 

■ on the difference of longitude between 

London and Edinburgh, 1838, ao, 

, J. A. Broun on the residts of the 

magnetic and meteorological observations 
made at Ms observatory, Makerstoun, 
1845, 15 ; 1846, 32. 

, observations made at the expense of, 

to determine the variations of the laws 
of terrestrial magnetism vnth respect to 
height in the atmosphere, 1847, 19. 

^Britton (J.) on the cathedrals and churches 
of the middle ages, 1839, 131. 

*Brockedon (W.) on caoutchouc as a stop- 
per for bottles, 1841, 106. 

on the construction of a new rope 

employed as a core in the formation of 
the patent stoppers — a substitute for corks 
and bungs, 1842, 112. 

on vulcanized caoutchouc, 1846, 113. 

Brodhurst (B. E.) on the repair of tendons 
after their subcutaneous division, 1859, 
160. 

*Brodie (Prof. B. C.) on a new combina- 
tion of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, 
formed by the oxidation of graphite, 
1856, 50. 

on the quantitative estimation of the 

peroxide of hydrogen, 1860, 66. 

Brodie (Rev. J.) on a new mode of pro- 
pelling flmds, or a uniformly propelling 
wheel, 1840, 190. 

Brodie (Rev. P. B.) on the discovery of 
insects in the lower beds of lias of Glou- 
cestershire, 1842, 58. 

■ on the Stonesfield slate at CoUyweston 

near Stamford, and the great oolite, in- 
ferior oolite, and lias, in the neighbour- 
hood of Grantham, 1850, 74. 

on new species of corals in the lias of 

Gloucestershire, Worcestersliire, and War- 
wickshre, 1856, 64. 

■ on new species of Pollicipes in the 

inferior oolite near Stroud, 1856, 64. 

•■ ■ on the stratigraphical position of cer- 
tain species of corals in the lias, 1860, 

73- 
Brodrick (C.) on the roof of the new Town 

Hall, Leeds, 1858, 207. 
Bromby (Rev. C. H,), suggestions on the 

people's education, 1856, 130. 
Bromeis (Dr. C.) on the formation of cyan- 

uret of potassium in a blast furnace, 1842, 

34- 



Bromeis (Dr.C.) on the compounds of carbon 
and iron, 1842, 34. 

*Brook (Dr.), description of the sound 
useful for the detection of small calculi, 
1843, 81. 

— — on an instrument to assist in the dis- 
covery of foreign bodies by auscultation, 
1845, 86. 

Brooke (C.) on a new mode of suture 
applicable to plastic operations, 1845, 
84. 

•■ ' ■ ■ on the construction of a self-register- 
ing barometer, thermometer, and psy- 
chrometer, 1846, 17. 

on the residts obtained by automatic 

registration of the declinometer, 1847, 
40. 

— — on some phenomena of photography, 
1847, 48. 

on photographic paper for automatic 

registration, 1849, 34. 

on a new mode of illuminating opake 

objects under the highest powers of the 
microscope, 1851, 7. 

on a new arrangement for facilitating 

the dissection and drawing of objects 
placed under the microscope, 1851, 7. 

on an easy method of making thin glass 

cells for mounting microscopic objects 
in fluid, 1854, 47. 

■ on diminishing the strain on the At- 
lantic cable by an elastic regulator, 1857, 
180. 

• on a portable microscope, 1858, 143. 

Brooke (Sir J.) on the geography of 
the northern portion of Borneo, 1851, 
89. 

Broome (C. E.) on the probability of the 
conversion of asci into spores in certain 
fungi, 1851, 70. 

Brougham (Lord) on the inflexion of light, 
1849, 7. 

Broughton (S. D.) on the progress of phy- 
siological research, 1831-32, 598. 

■ on the sensibilities of the cerebral 
nerves, 1834, 676. 

on the sensibility of the glosso -pha- 
ryngeal nerve, 1836, 125. 

Broun (J. A.) on some results of the 
magnetic and meteorological observations 
made at Sir T. M. Brisbane's observatory, 
Makerstoun, 1845, 15 ; 1846, 32. 

■ observations made to determine the 
variations of the laws of terrestrial mag- 
netism with respect to height in the at- 
mosphere, 1847, 19. 

■ on the diurnal motion of a magnet 
freely suspended in the direction of mag- 
netic dip, 1847, 20. 

" on the diurnal variation of magnetic 

declination and the annual variation of 

magnetic force, 1849, 8. 
* on the effect of height on the diurnal 

variation of the horizontal complement of 

the magnetic force, 1850, 7. 
*— on the yariatioa with season of the dif- 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



116 



ferences of the mean pressure at Green- 
wich and Makerstoun, 1850, 7. 

*Broun (J. A.) on electrical figures of dust 
on plate glass, 1850, 7. 

■ on the effect of height in the atmo- 
sphere on the diurnal variation of mag- 
netic declination, 1850, 7. 

— — on the mechanical compensation of 
the bifilar and balance magnets for va- 
riation of the magnetic moment with 
temperature, 1850, 9. 

— — on the construction of silk suspension 
threads for the declination magnetometer, 
1850, 10. 

* on the attempts to resolve the pres- 
sure of the atmosphere into two parts, 
that of vapour and dry air, 1850, 3 1. 

on the establishment of a magnetic 

meteorological and astronomical observa- 
tory on the mountain of Augusta Mul- 
lay, at 6200 feet, in Travancjre, 1855, 25. 

on the establishment of a meteorolo- 
gical and magnetical observatory at Tra- 
vancore, at 6200 feet above the level of 
the sea, with results of magnetical ob- 
servations at Trevandrum, 1858, 30. 

* , notice of the Kaiiikars, a hill-side 

tribe in the kingdom of Travancore, 1858, 
148. 

on the semidiurnal and annual varia- 
tions of the barometer, 1859, 43. 

on results of observations in the ob- 
servatory of His Highness the Eajah of 
Travancore, 1860, 20. 

on the diurnal variations of the mag- 
netic declination at the magnetic equator, 
and the decennial period, 1860, 21. 

on a new induction dip-circle, 1860, 

23- 

on magnetic rocks in South India, 

1860, 24. 

on a magnetic survey of the West 

coast of India, 1860, 27. 

on the velocity of earthquake shocks 

in the laterite of India, 1860, 74. 

Brown (A.) on the extraordinary flux and 
reflux of the sea, July 1848, at Arbroath, 
1843, 18. 

on the fall of rain at Arbroath, 1855, 

30- 

on the fall of rain in Forfarshire, 

1859, 47. 

Brown (John), notice of a gold casting il- 
lustrative of the state of art in New Grra- 
nada prior to the conquest, 1845, 78. 

Brown (Dr. R.) on the plurality and de- 
velopment of embryos in the seeds of 
Coniferse, 1834, 596. 

Brown (Dr. S.) on the artificial crystalliza- 
tion of metallic carburets, 1839, 39. 

Brown (S.) on the advantages to statistical 
science of a uniform decimal system of 
measures, weights, and coins throughout 
the world, 1856, 133. 

* on the proportion of marriages at 

different ages of the se^es, 1857, 156. 



Brown (S.) on the financial prospects of 

British railways, 1858, 172. 
^Brunel (Sir I.) on the Thames tunnel, 

1841, 106. 

on the Thames tunnel in its com- 
pleted condition, 1842, III. 

Brunton (W.) on a machine for ventilating 
coal-mines, 1849, iii. 

Bryce (J.) on some caverns containing 
bones near the Griant's Causeway, 1834, 
658. 

Bryce (J., jun.) on striated and polished 
rocks and "roches moutonnees" in the 
Lake district of Westmoreland, 1850, 76, 
112. 

on the Lesmahago and Douglas coal- 
field in Lanarkshire, 1850, 77. 

on the geoLgical structure of the 

counties of Down and Antrim, 1852, 42. 

* on the disp sition of granite blocks 

in Argyllshire, 1852, 43, 

on the g'acial phenomena of the Lake 

district of England, 1855, 80. 

* on a lately discovered tract of granite 

in Arran, 1855, 80. 

on the discovery of Silurian fossils in 

the slates of Downshire, 1859, 260. 

Bryce (Rev. Dr.), account cf a treatise on 
arithmetic in the Chinese language by 
the Rev. Dr. Moncrieff, 1852, i. 

Bryson (A.) on a new instrument for mea- 
suring the refractive power of minute 
bodies, 1840, 87. 

on a curious structure in the Silurian 

slates of Peebleshire, 1854, 78. 

* on sections of fossils from the coal- 
formation of Mid-L.thian. 1855, 80. 

^BucHAN (P.) en Ihe comp sition cf the 
iron-ores of the Lei trim coal-field, 1857, 
44. 

Buchanan (Prof. A.) on a method of se- 
parating, by filtration, the ccagulable 
lymph from liquid human blocd, 1840, 

75- 

on fibrin e of human blood, 1840, 156. 

on the physiological law of mortality, 

and on certain deviaticns from it, ob- 
served about the commencement of adult 
life, 1855, 160. 

en a mechanical process by which a 

life table commencing at birth may be 
converted into a table, in every respect 
similar, commencing at any other period 

. of life, 1855, 163. 

Buchanan (G-.) on improvements in valves, 
stcpcccks or stoppers for regulating the 
passage cf fluids, 1850, 171. 

Buchanan (J.) on a new locking apparatus 
for carriages, 1844, 98. 

on ancient canoes found at Glasgow, 

1855, 80. 

Buckingham (Duke of) on the geological 
structure of the island of Pantellaria, 
1831-32, 592. 

BucKLAND (Rev. Dr.) on a scale of geolo- 
gical colours, 1831-32, 592. 



114 



SECTIONS. — ^^INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



*BucKtAND (Rev. Dr.), notice cf a 
fcssil marine plant found in the new red 
sandstone, 1834, 666. 

— — on the footsteps of the Cheirotheriura 
in the stone quarries of Storeton Hill, 
Lirerpool, 1838, 85. 

— — , exhibited and explained enlarged sec- 
tions, copied from Cotta's sections, show- 
ing granite and syenite orerlying strata 
of the chalk formation in Saxony, 1838, 
85. 

— — , notice of Mr. Oram's plan for cement- 
ing small coal and coal-dust for fuel, 1838, 

85. 

on the action of acidulated waters on 

the surface of the dialk near Gravesend, 
1839, 76. 

on a series of specimens from granite 

quarries near Prince Town, Dartmoor, 
1841, 64. 

— — notice of Mr. Sopwith's models for 
illustration of strata, mineral yeins, &c., 
1841, 67. 

— — on recent and fcssil semicircular ca- 
vities caused by air-bubbles on the sm*- 
face of soft clay, and resembling impres- 
sions of rain-drops, 1842, 57. 

on perforations in limestone, 1842, 

on the agency of land snails in form- 
ing holes and trackways in compact lime- 
stone, 1845, 48. 

on the mechanical action of animals 

6n hard and soft substances during the 
progress of stratification, 1845, 52. 

— — on the applicability of M. Faurelle's 
mode of boring artesian wells to the well 
at Southampton, and to other wells, and 
to the sinking for coal, salt, and other 
mineral beds, 1846, 56. 

, notice of a map of part cf North 

Wales, and sketches of rocks in the val- 
leys around Snowdon, indicating the 
former existence of glaciers in these val- 
leys, 1848, 78. 

— — , notice of a large Plesiosaurus disco- 
vered in lias near Whitby, 1848, 78. 

on the cause of the general presence 

of phosphorus in strata and in all fertile 
soils, also on pseudo-coprolites, and the 
conversion of the contents of sewers and 
cesspools into manure, 1849, 67. 

*BuCKLAND (F. T.) en the acclimatization 
of animals, birds, &c., 1860, 113. 

BccKMAN (Prof. J.) on the discovery of a 
new species of Hypanthocrinite in the 
upper Silurian strata. 1846, 6r. 

—* — on the age of the Silurian limestone of 
Hay Head, near Barr Beacon, in Stafford- 
shire, 1846, 61. 

on the discovery of some new Cysti- 

deans from the Wenlock shale near Wal- 
sall, 1847, 61. 

— - on the occurrence of marine plants in 
Worcestershire, 1847, 61. 

— — on the discovery of some remains of 



the fossil Sepia in the lias of Gloucester- 

sliire, 1848, 66. 
BucKMAiT (Prof. J.) on the plants of the 

" insect limestone " of the lower lias, 

1848, 66. 
• on 3 me experimental borings in search 

of coal, 1848, 67. 
on fairy rings, and on some of the edible 

fungi by which they are caused, 1849, 70. 
on some chemical facts connected with 

the tessellated pavements discovered at 

Cirencester, 1850, 48. 

on the ccmbrash of Gloucestershire 

and part cf Wilts, 1853, 50. 

on the growth of Symphytum offici- 
nale, 1853, 63. 

on two elephants' tusks found in the 

Stroud Valley, Gloucester, 1854, 78. 

onccal deposits in West Yirginia, 1854, 

78. 

on the basement-beds of the oolite, 

1856, 64. 

* on the oolite rocks of the Cotteswold 

Hills, 1856, 65. 

, notes on experiments in the Botanical 

Gardens of the Koyal Agricultural Col- 
lege, 1856, 83. 

on some antiques found at Cirencester 

as evidence of the domestic manners of 
the Romans, 1856, 108. 

on the finding of Cnicus tuberosus at 

Avebury Hills, 1857, 95. 

BuCKTON (G. B.) on the application cf cya- 
nide of pitassium to killing insects for 
the cabinet, 1854, 106. 

-- — on pentethyl-stibene, 1859, 66. 

* on some reactions of zinc-ethyl, 1860, 

66. 

BucKTON (J.), notice of some of the articles 
shown in the Mechanical Section of the 
Leeds Exhibition of Local Industry, 1858, 
208. 

BuDD (J. p.) on the advantageous use made 
cf the gaseous escape from the blast- 
furnaces at Ystalyfera, 1850, 172. 

BuDDLE (J.) on the Newcastle coal-field, 
1838, 74. 

Budge (R.) on the great earthquake in 
i;hile, 1851, 85. 

BuiST (M.) on a nail found imbedded in a 
block cf sandstone from Kingoodie (My In- 
field) Quarry, North Britain, 1844, 51. 

BuiST (Dr. G.), meteorological phenomena 
observed in India, 1849, 15. 

on the climate of Western India, 1861, 

29. 

on hail-storms in India, 1851, 31. 

on indications of upheavals and de- 
pressions of the land in India, 1851, 55. 

, note on Mr. Pyle's meteorological ob- 
servations at Futtegurh, Bengal, 1851, 40. 

, experiments in the island of Bombay 

to determine the fall of rain at different 
heights, 1852, 25. 

on atm spheric daily and yearly fluc- 
tuations, 1852, 25. * 



J 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



115 



BuiST (Dr. G.) on the currents of tlie In- 
dian seas, 1853, 12. 

- — on remarkable hailstorms in India, 
1855, 31. 

on the Lotus or sacred bean of India, 

1857, 96. 

* on the geology of Lower Egypt, 

1859, 101. 

on the failure of bright-coloured flowers 

in forest trees to produce pictorial effect 
on the landscape, unless accompanied by 
abundance of green leaves, 1859, 1 30. 

on some peculiarities of the silk trees, 

cr Bombaceae, of Western India, 1859, 1 32. 

on the aversion of certain trees and 

plants to the neighbourhood of each other, 
1859, 133. 

Bullae (Dr. J.) on the identity of certain 
vital and electro-magnetic laws, 1846, 29, 

BuNBURY (Sir C.) on the occurrence in the 
Tarentaise of fossil plants of the carboni- 
ferous period, associated in the same bed 
with belemnites, 1848, 64. 

BuNSEN (Prof.) on a new mode of estimat- 
ing nitrogen in organic analysis, 1840, 77. 

on the compound or radical called 

kakodyl, 1840, 77. 

on the radical of the kakodyl series, 

1841, 55. 

on kakodylic acid and the sulphurets 

of kakodyl, 1842, 35, 

, photochemical researches, with refer- 
ence to the laws of the chemical action of 
light, 1855, 48. 

BuNSBN (The Chevalier) en certain new vo- 
cabularies from the eastern coast of Africa, 
1847, 119. 

on Prussian statistics, 1849, 86. 

BuRGOYNE (Major-Gen. Sir J.), communi- 
cation regarding the progress made in the 
publication of the Trigonometrical Sur- 
vey, 1853, 37. 

Burn (Dr. A.) on the growth of cotton in 
India, 1840, 146. 

*BuRNETT (C. J.), notice of the use of pla- 
tinum, in photography, 1859, 258. 

*BuRNETT (S. M.) on the zoology of Aber- 
deenshire, 1859, 144. 

Burt (Mr.) on the nomenclature of clouds, 
1833, 460. 

*BuRTON (Lieut.-Col.), visit to Medina from 
Suez, by way of Jambo, 1855, 147. 

Busk (G.) on the employment of gutta 
percha for modelling, 1847, 81. 

on the use of gutta percha for making 

moulds for casts of objects in natural 
history, &c., 1847, 92, 

-- — , list of Sertularian zoophytes and Poly- 
zoa from Port Natal, Algoa Bay, and 
Table Bay in South Africa, with remarks 
on their geographical distribution, and 
observations on the genera Plumularia 
and Catenicella, 1850, 118. 

* , exhibited drawings of new species of 

zoophytes, 1851, 76. 

, list of marine Polyzoa collected by G. 



Barlee, Esq., in Shetland and the Ork- 
neys, with descriptions of the new species, 
1859, 144. 

Butter (Dr. J.) on the pathology and cure 
of squinting, 1841, 79. 

Buxton (D.) on the census (in 1851) of the 
deaf and dumb, 1854, 132. 

Byerly (I.) on the faima of Liverpool, 
1854, 107. 

Byrne (Oliver) on a new proportional com- 
pass, 1844, 8. 

* on the improved compasses of M. De 

Sire L3brun,and the cold-drawn pipes of 
M. Le Dru, 1844, 99. 

, notice of the Barege mobile, or canali- 
zation of rivers, and of the Grenier mo- 
bile, or moveable granary for preserving 
corn, 1844, 99. 

Caine (Rev. W.) on the progress of public 
opinion with respect to the evils produced 
by the traffic in intoxicating drink, 1859, 
205. 

Cairnbs (Prof,) on some of the principal 
effects of the new gold, as an instrument 
of purchase, in the production and dis- 
tribution of real wealth, 1857, 156. 

on the laws according to which a de- 
preciation of the precious metals conse- 
quent upon an increase of supply takes 
place, considered in connexion with the 
recent gold discoveries, 1858, 174. 

Caldecott (Mr.) on meteorological observa- 
tions made at Trevandrum, 1840, 28. 

Caldwell (Dr.) on the varieties of the 
human race, 1841, 75, 

Callan (Rev. Prof.) on the electro-dynamic 
induction machine, 1857, 1 1. 

Calvert (Prof. F. C.) on the physiological 
properties of carbazotic acid, 1854, 65. 

on the action of gallic and tannic 

acids on iron and alumina mordants, 
1854, 65. 

on the action of citric, tartaric, and 

oxalic a'^ids on cotton and flax fibres under 
the influence of dry heat and pressure of 
steam, 1854, 65- 

on the manufacture of iron by puri- 
fied coke, 1855, 49. 

on alloys, 1855, 50. 

on the action of sulphuretted hydrogen 

on salts of zinc and copper, 1855, 51. 

* on the action of the carbo-azotic acid 

and the carbo^azotates on the human 
body, 1855, 121. 

on the incrustations of blast furnaces, 

1856, 50. 

on the expansion of metals, alloys, and 

salts, 1858, 46. 

on the specific gravities of alloys, 1859, 

66. 

on the formation of rosolate of lime 

on cotton fabrics in hot climates, 1 859, 68. 

*Calvert (J.) on the supply of gold from 
Australia and from English rocks, 1854, 
133. 



116 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS* 



Calvo (Giovanni), the founder of the Monte 
di Piet4 of Kome, 1841, 91. 

Cameron (Dr. C. A.) on urea as a direct 
source of nitrogen to vegetation, 1857, 44. 

Cameron (P.) on the making and magneti- 
zing of steel magnets, 1855, 10. 

* on the deviations of the compass in 

iron ships, 1855, 10. 

Campbell (Dugald) on the action of the 
soap-test upon water containing a salt of 
magnesia only, and likewise upon water 
containing a salt of magnesia and a salt 
of lime, 1850, 49. 

on Dr. Clarke's process for softening 

water, 1855, 54. 

Campbell (J. A.) on the auriferous quartz 
formations of Australia, 1855, 81. 

Campbell (E.) on the probability of uni- 
formity in statistical tables, 1859, 3. 

*Camps (Dr. W.)on an abnormal condition 
of the nervous system, 1855, 121. 

on the laws of consanguinity and de- 
scent of the Iroquois, 1859, 177. 

* on certainimperfect'yrecognized func- 
tions of the optic thalami, 1859, 265. 

* on certain subjective sensations, with 

especial reference to the phenomena of 
second sight, visions, and apparitions, 
1859, 265. 

*Canino (Prince of) on the characters which 
distinguish the little blue magpie of Spain 
from that of Siberia, and on the new 
Caprimulgus of Hungary, which belongs 
to the genus Cordylis, 1849, 75. 

, zoologica notices, 1852, 72. 

, notice of his work ' Fauna Italica,' 

1843, 70. 

Canter (Dr.) on Malacca guano, 1845, 39. 

^Cardigan (Archdeacon of) on the site of 
Ecbatana, 1856, ic8. 

Cargill (Mr.) on educational statistics of 
Newcastle, 1838, 165. 

Carlile (H.) on the motions and sounds 
of the heart, 1833, 454. 

• on the structure of the sacrum in man, 

&c., 1837, 112. 

on some remarkable malformations of 

the cerebellum, 1837, 113. 

on the functions of the human ear, 

1857, 116. 

Carlile (Warr and) on dials which give the 
latitude, the line of ncrth and south, and 
chronometer time, 1858, 41. 

Carmiciiael (R.) on cancerous and tuber- 
culous diseases, 1836, 112. 

Carne (J.) on the mineral veins of Corn- 
wall, 1831-32, 586. 

Carnegie (Hon. Capt.) on the earthquake 
(Feb. 8, 1843) at the islands of Antigua 
and G-uadaloupe, 1843, 59. 

^Carpenter (Eev. L.) on Lucas's method of 
printing for the blind, 1836, 41. 

Carpenter (Marv) on the position of re- 
formatory schools in reference to the 
State, and their management, 1856, 134. 
— on educational help from the Govern- 



ment Grant to the destitute and neglected 
children of Great Britain, 1860, 184. 

Carpenter (P. P.) on land, freshwater, and 
marine shells obtained in sinking a well 
on the banks of the Avon, at Birlingham, 
1854, 78. 

on shells from Mazatlan, 1854, 107. 

on peculiarities of growth in Caecidse, 

1857, 102. 

on the progress of natural science in 

the United States and Canada, 1860, 109. 

Carpenter (Capt.) on the duplex rudder 
and screw propeller, 1851, 110. 

Carpenter (Dr. W. B.) on the microscopic 
structure of shells, 1843, 71. 

on the position cf the compound Asci- 

dians in the zoological sea e, 1844, 66, 

, notice of his researches on the micro- 
scopic character of she Is, and on repre- 
senting natural-history objects by mean* 
of phot graphy, 1846, 82. 

* on the structure of the Pycnogonideae, 

1846, 82. 

on the physiology of the encephalon, 

1846, 92. 

en phot ?graphy applied to mierosc:jftC 

objects, 1817, ^S. 

* on Marginopora and allied struc- 
tures, 1843, 67. 

tn the development of the embryo of 

Purpura lapilius, 1854, 108. 

on the occurrence of the pentacrin id 

larva cf Comatula rosacea, in Lamlash 
Bay, Isle of Arran, 1855, 107. 

tn the structure and development of 

OrbitoHtes c niplanatus, 1855, 107. 

*Carpenteii (W. E.) ..n the criteria by which 
species are to be distinguished in zoology 
and b:.tany, 1836, 99. 

*Carpmael (W.), meth d of rolling dove- 
tailed gro. ves f^r railways, 1839, 131. 

Carrett (W. E.) on s me modern appli- 
ances for raising water, 1858, 208. 

*Carrington (F. a.) on geographical maps 
and models, 1847, 63. 

Carrington (Dr.) on the geological distribu- 
tion of plants in some districts of York- 
shire, 1858, 115. 

Carson (Dr.) on absorption, 1836, 119. 

on the motion of the bio d in the head, 

and on the uses cf the ventricles and con- 
volutions of the brain, 1837, 123, 

on a case of unusual paralysis, 1842, 

85. 

Carson (J., jun.) on the uses of the mus- 
cular fibres of the bronchial tubes, 1842, 
80. 

*Carte (A. G.) on the use of rockets in 
effecting a communication with stranded 
vessels, 1849, 114. 

Carter (Mr.) on the jaws of an Ichthyosau- 
rus from the chalk in the neighbourhood 
of Cambridge, 1845, 60. 

Carus (Prof.) on the value of "develop- 
ment " in systematic zoology and animal 
morphology, 1860, 125. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



117 



Carus (Prof.) on the Leptocephalidse, 1860, 
125. 

Catlow (J. P.) on the relation of the season 
of birth to the mortality of children under 
two years of age, &c., 1842, 80. 

— on a relation between the season of 
death and the anniversary of the season 
of birth, which varies with each month 
of birth ; and on a similarly varying ten- 
dency to death in the anniversary of the 
natal month, 1843, 95. 

Gaunter (H.), notice of a diatomaceous depo- 
sit found in the island of Lewis, 1859, 133. 

*Cayley (A.) on the solution of cubic and 
biquadratic equations, 1854, i. 

on the porism of the in-and-circum- 

scribed triangle, 1855, i. 

on the notion of distance in analytical 

geometry, 1858, 3. 

on curves of the fourth order having 

three d uble points, 1860, 4. 

Ceely (Mr,), experiments on smallpox 
matter, 1839, 106. 

Chacornac (M.) on solar spots and fsecula;, 
and their true causes, 1854, 19. 

CiiADWiCK (D.) on water-meters, 1860, 204. 

*Chadwick (E.) on the econ mical, educa- 
tional, and social importance of open and 
public competitive examinations, 1857, 
158. 

* en the dependence cf moral and cri- 
minal en phvsical c.nditi.ns of papula- 
tions, 1857, 158. 

* on the progress cf the principle of 

openc mpetitiveeyaminations, 1858, 175. 

* en the ec n mical results of military 

drill in popular schools 1860, 185. 

• en the physi 1 gi(al as well as psycho- 
logical limits to menial lab ur, l£t0, 185. 

CiiAix (Prof. P.), census of Switzerland, 
1853, IC2. 

Challis (Eev. Prcf.) on some facts relating 
to the c. mp sitien ef the colcurs of the 
spectrum, 1834, 544. 

on the vibrations of a cylindrical tube, 

1835, 12. 

on the aberration of light, 1845, 9. 

on a new theory of the polarization of 

light, 1847, 1. 

• , description cf a new instrument for 

observing the apparent positions of me- 
teors, 1848, 13. 

*Chalmeks (Dr.) on the application of sta- 
tistics to moral and economic science, 
1840, 185. 

* on the pauperism of Glasgow, 1840, 

185. 

^Chalmers (Eev. P.) on the parish of Dun- 
fermUne. 1840, 186. 

Chambers (R.) on certain plans for ventila- 
tion adopted in Glasgow, 1842, 109. 

— on the glacial phenomena of the neigh- 
bourhood of Edinburgh, 1850, 78. 

— — on the great terrace of erosion in Scot- 
land, and its relative date and connexion 
with glacial phenomena, 1854, 78. 



Chambers (R.), further observations on 
glacial phenomena in Scotland and the 
north of England, 1854, 79. 

* on denudation and other effects usu- 
ally attributed to water, 1855, 81. 

Chanter (J.), description of a furnace for 
economizing fuel and preventing smoke, 
1843, 99. 

on the economical working of steam 

boilers, 1854, 147. 

Chapman (Prof.) on the isomorphous rela- 
tions of silica and alumina, 1850, 50. 

*Chapman (H. S.), statistics of New Zealand, 
1851, 98. 

Charlesworth (E.) on the remains of ver- 
tebrated animals in the tertiary beds of 
Norfolk and Suffolk, 1836, 84. 

on Mr. Lyeli's classification of tertiary 

deposits, 1836, 86. 

on a large specimen of Plesiosaurus 

found at Kettleness, on the Yorkshire 
coast, 1844, 49. 

on the fossil bodies regarded by M. 

Agassiz as the teeth of a fish, and upon 
which he has founded his supposed genus 
Sphenonchus, 1845, 56. 

on the occurrence of the Mososaurus 

in the Essex chalk, and on the discovery 
of flint within the pulp-cavities of its 
teeth, 1845, 60. 

— — en some new species of Testacea from 
the Hampshire tertiary beds, 1849, 52. 

on the curious spiral body in certain 

fossil sponges, and on several other re- 
markable fossils from the Yorkshire strata, 
1853, 51. 

on new vertebrate fossils, 1854, 80. 

* on some remarkable Yorkshire fossils, 

including the unique Plesiosauri in the 
mi seum at York, 1858, 223. 

Charlton (Dr. E.) on Tetrao Pakelhahn, 
1838, IC7. 

Charlton (W. H.), statistics of Bellingham, 
in Northumberland, 1838, 168. 

*Charters (Major) on the Alps in the vi- 
cinity of Mont Blanc, 1852, 4;. 

Chatheli) (H.) en British naval architec- 
ture, 1836, 129. 

Chatfield (W.) on Truscott's plan for reef- 
ing paddle-wheels, 1841, ici. 

Cheshire (E.) on the results of the census 
of Great Britain in 1851, with a descrip- 
tion of the machinery and processes em- 
ployed to obtain the returns, 1853, 98. 

— , statistics relative to Nova Scotia, 1853, 
102. 

Chesney (Major-General) on the Euphrates 
line of communication with India, 1862, 
104. 

on the tubular or double life-boat, in 

vented by Henry Richardson. 1853, 113. 

on the routes of communication be- 
tween England and India, 1857, 123. 

on the extension of communications 

to distant places by means of electric 
wires, 1858, 148. 



118 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



CiiEVALLiER (ReT. Prof.) on the computa- 
tion of heights by the barometer, 1838, 38. 

on the height of auroral arches, 1847, 7. 

— — on a graphical method of computing 
an occultation, 1847, 7. 

— — on a rainbow seen after actual sunset, 
1849, 16. 

* on a sidereal clock for showing the 

arc of right ascension directly, 1850, 23. 

■■ on an analogy between heat and elec- 
tricity, 1855, 10. 

on a rainbow seen after simset, 1855, 

38- 

on the tides of Nova Scotia, 1856, 23. 

Cheverton (Mr.) on mechanical scvdpture, 

1835, 112. 
Childebs (J.W.), comparative temperature 
table, showing the daily average height 
of the thermometer at Jersey, Torquay, 
Hastings, and London, 1848, 16. 
Childers (Capt. W. W.), meteorological 
observations made at St. Helier, Jersey, 
1846, 13. 
Christie (Prof. S. H.) on a peculiar and 
well-defined light, in the form of a ray, 
from the sun, 1834, 566. 

on a singular optical phenomenon 

seen at sunset, 1837, 15- 

on the occurrence of the aurora borealis 

in England during summer, 1837, 28. 

on the preservation of magnetic needles 

and bars from oxidation by the electro- 
type proce&s, 1841, 41. 
Clanny (Dr.), a new telegraph, 1837, 131. 

* , a new safety-lamp, 1842, 115. 

Clare (P.) on some extraordinary elec- 
trical appearances seen in 1850, 1850, 31. 
Clark (D. K.) on coal-burning without 
smoke, by the method of steam -inducted 
air-currents app'ied to the locomotive 
engines of the Great North of Scotland 
Railway, 1859, 230. 
Clark (F.) on the educational statistics of 

Birmingham, 1839, iii. 
• on the commercial statistics of Bir- 
mingham, 1839, 114. 
' on the medical statistics of Birming- 
ham, 1839, 115. 
Clark (J.), notice of the occurrence of 
Colymbus arcticus near Swansea, 1848, 
125. 
Clark (P.) on the flowering of Victoria 
regia in the Rcyal Botanic Garden, Glas- 
gow, 1855, IC2. 
Clark (Dr. T.) on the atomic weights of 

elementary bodies, 1839, 43. 
. on a mrde of detecting minute por- 
tions of arsenic, 1840, 83. 
Clark (Dr.) on the application of the hot 
blast to the production of cast iron, 1834, 
578. 
Clark's (Dr.) process for softening water, 

D. Campbell on, 1855, 54. 
Clarke (Rev. Mr.), letters from Prof. 
Bitcheock on foot-impressions in the 
new red sandstone, 1837, 60. 



*Clarkb (Dr.) on a method of facilitating 

the calculations of gases, 1837, 57. 
Clarke (Mr,), large electro-magnet, 1840, 

211. 
*Clarke (Mr.) on the principles on wliich 

the model tubes for the tubular bridges on 

the Holyhead Railway should be increased 

to larger dimensions, 1846, 109. 

* on a new atmospheric tube, 1846, 113. 

Clarke (Dr.) on certain alterations of level 

on the sea-coast of part of the county of 

Waterford, 1857, 65. 
♦Clarke (A.) on a mode of correcting the 

errors of the compass in iron ships, 1860, 

28. 
Clarke (B.) en the foliage and inflorescence 

of the genera Phyllanthus and Xylo- 

phylla, 1846, 91. 
* on a new system of classifying plants^ 

1853, 63. 
Clarke (Rev. B. J.) on the Irish species of 

the genus Limax, 1843, 73. 
Clarke (G.) on the evolution of gas in 

Wallsend Colliery, 1852, 124. 
Clarke (Dr. J.), abstract of a registry kept 

in the Lying-in Hospital, Dublin, 1834, 

685. 
Clarke (J.) on the parasitic character of 

Rhinanthus crista-galli, 1848, 84. 
*Clarke (R.) on prevailing diseases of Sierra 

Leone, 1855, 164, 
Clarke (Rev. W. B.) on two springs on 

the north side of Hales Bay, Poole Har- 
bour, 1836, 94. 
Clarke (Rev. W. D.) on the phenomena of 

the plastic clay formation, near Poole, 

1837, 93. 

Clarke (W. H.) on a fish with four eyes, 

1838, no. 

Clarke and Varley (Messrs.) en the elastic 
malleable iron tube, as a means of deve- 
loping the principle of atmospheric pro- 
pulsion on railways, 1847, 132. 

Claudet (A.) on different properties of the 
solar radiation in producing or prevent- 
ing a depcsit of mercvu-y on silver plates 
coated with iodine or its compounds, 
with chlorine and bromine, modified by 
coloured glass media and the vapoiurs of 
the atmosphere, 1847, 35. 

on the action of the red, orange, and 

yellow rays upon iodized and bromo- 
iodized silver plates, 1848, 50. 

on the theory of the principal pheno- 
mena of photography in the Daguerreo- 
type process, 1849, 35. 

on the dynactinometer, for comparing 

the power of object-glasses, and for mea- 
suring the intensity of the photogenic 
light, 1850, 12. 

on the dangers of the mercurial vapours 

in the Daguerreotype process, 1851, 44. 

on the use of a polygon to ascertain the 

intensity of the light at different angles, 
1851, 45. 

on the stereoscopometer, 1852, 6. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHOES. 



119 



Ci/AUDET (A,) on a manifold binocular ca- 
mera, 1852, 6, 

- ■ on the angle to be giren t^ binocular 
photographic pictures for the stereoscope, 
1853, 4. 

on the practice of the Daguerreotype, 

1853, 4. 

* on the polystercDpticon, 1855, lo, 

— — on various phenomena of refraction 
through semi-lenses producing anomalies 
in the illusion of stereoscopic images, 
1856, 9. 

on the focus of object-glasses, 1859, 61, 

* on the stereoscopic angle, 1859, 61. 

* on the stereomonoscope, 1859, 61, 

on a changing diaphragm for double 

achromatic combinations, 1859, 62. 

on the means of increasing the angle 

of binocular instruments, to obtain a 
stereoscopic effect in proportion to their 
magnifying power, 1860, 61, 

on the principles of the solar camera, 

1860, 62- 

Claussen (Chevalier) on tho effect of sul- 
phate of lime upon vegetable substances, 
1853, 38, 

• on the preservation of the potato crops, 

1855, 54. 

on the Haneornia speciosa, artificial 

gutta percha and india-rubber, 1855, 103, 

on the employment of Algsd and other 

plants in the manufacture of soaps, 1855, 
103. 

on Papyrus, Bonapartea, and other 

plants which can furnish fibre for paper 
pulp, 1855, 104. 

Clay (Dr. C) en the evils arising from the 
use of common pessaries, 1842, 87, 

on diabetes mellitus, 1842, 87. 

*Clay (H.) on th<j effect of gocd and bad 
times on committals to prison, 1857, 1 58- 

Clay (Rev, J.) on the effect of gocd and 
bad times on committals to prison, 1854, 
133. 

Clay (J. T.) on the occurrence of boulders 
in the valley of the Calder, 1842, 55. 

Clay (W.) on the large fly-wheel erected 
at theMersey Iron- works, Liverpool, 1854, 
147, 

on a machine used for rolling taper 

iron, 1854, 148, 

* on the manufacture of the large 

wrought-ircn gun, and other masses of 
iron made at the Mersey Iron-works, Li- 
verpool, 1856, 162. 

Clear (W.) on the insects of the county of 
Cork, 1843, 76. 

Clegg (Mr.) on a dry gas-meter, 1842, 1 1 1. 

Clegiiorn (Dr. H.) en the grass-cloth (Chii 
Ma) of India, 1850, 112. 

on the hedge plants of India, and the 

conditions which adapt them for special 
purpcses and particular localities, 1850, 

^ "3- 

Cleghorn (J.) on the fluctuations in the 
herring fisheries, 1854, 134, 176. 



Clegiiorn (J.) on the submerged forests of 
Caithness, 1859, loi. 

Clbland (Dr. J,), statistics of Glasgow, 1834, 
685. 

on the Glasgow Bridewell, 1835, 123. 

on the population, trade, and com- 
merce of Glasgow, 1840, 174. 

Clendinning (Dr.) on the statistics of health, 
elucidated by the Marylebone Infirmary, 
1844, 96. 

Clerke (Major S.), notice of Mr. "Wylde'gi 
• Atlas of Sieges and Battles in the Penin- 
sula,' 1841, 67, 

Clibborn (E.) on the tendency of Euro- 
pean races to become extinct in ihe United 
iStates, 1856, 136. 

Clouston (Rev. C), remarks on the climate 
of Orkney, 1859, 48. 

Clutterbuck (Rev. J. C.) on the course of 
the Thames fr..m Lechlade to Windsor, 
as ruled by the ge logical formations over 
which it passes, 1860, 7 5. 

CoATHUPB (C. T.) on the blue pigment of 
Dr. Traill, 1838, 61. 

on an improved method of graduating 

glass tubes for eudiometrical purposes, 
1839, 62. 

• , apparatus for determining the quan- 
tity of carbonic acid gas in deteriorated 
atmospheres, 1839, 63, 

on the reapiraticn of deteriorated at- 

mcspheres, 1839, 108. 

on an improved sight for rifles and 

other firearms, 1841, 104. 

Cobbold (Dr. T. S.) on a xvew species of 
Trematcde worm (Fasciolagigantica) 1855, 
108. 

on a malformed trout, 1855, 109. 

on a curious pouched condition of the 

glandulaj Peyerianfe in the giraffe, 1855, 
122. 

Cockburn (Very Rev. Dr.) on Dr. Buck- 
land's Bridgewater Treatise, 1844, 44. 

CocKBURN (Capt.) on anemometers and re- 
solving scales, 1847, 40. 

^CdcKS (Mr.) on the mortality of the me- 
tropolis, 1851, 98. 

*CoDY (P.) on the triseetion of an angle, 
1860,4. 

CoHN (Dr. F.) on the sexuality of the Algae, 
1855, 122. 

Coldstream (Dr. J.) on the expediency of 
ascertaining the extent to which infantile 
idiocy prevails in the United Kingdom 
generally, and of inquiring into the causes 
of its prevalence in certain districts, 185% 
128. 

on the results deducible from the re- 
port on the statistics of disease in Ireland, 
1855, 164. 
Cole (J. F.) on the aurora borealis as seen 
at Alten, 1844, 27; 1846, 12. 

on a remarkable and sudden fall of 

rain with a clear sky at Alten, 1844, 
28. 
, description of the lightning and thun- 



120 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



der on August 16, 1844, at Alien, 1845, 

19. 
Cole (J. F.), meteorological observations 

made at Alten, 1846, 12 ; 1848, 32. 
, meteorological observations made at 

the Alten copper- works, Norway, 1850, 

37- 

on meteorological observations made 

at Kaa^ord, in West Finmark, 1849, 
18. 

*CoLE (R.), account of Lewis Paul and his 
invention of the machine for spinning 
cotton and wool by rollers, and his claim 
to such invention, to the exclusion of 
John Wyatt, 1858, 208. 

*CoLEMAN (J, J.) on the destructioQ of the 
bitter principle of Chyraitta by the agency 
of caustic alkali, 1860, 66. 

— — on some remarkable relations existing 
between the atomic weights, atomic vo- 
lumes, and properties of the chemical 
elements, 1860, 66. 

Coles (Mr.) on a new step-rail, and rail- 
way carriages, 1840, 212. 

CoLLiNGwooi) (Dr. Cuthbert) on the mi- 
gration of birds, 1858, 121. 

on the respiration of the nudibranchiate 

Mollusca 1860, 113. 

— — on the nudibranchiate Mollusca of 
the Mersey and Dee, 1860, 113. 

— — on recurrent animal form, and its 
significance in systematic zoology, 1860, 
114. 

Cor.LiNS (Dr. R.), registry kept in the 
Lying-in Hospital, Dublin, 1835, ic6. 

on the periodicity of births, &c., 1836, 

146. 

Collins (M.) on the possible and impos- 
sible cases of quadratic duplicate equa- 
lities in the Diophantine analysis, 1855, 2. 

Connell (Prof. A.), analysis of fossil scales, 
1835, 41. 

on the voltaic decomposition of alcohol, 

1840, 81. 

, analysis of the American mineraVie- 

malite, 1846, 39. 

on the nature of lampic acid, 1846, 

40. 

on the precipitate caused in spring and 

river waters by acetate of lead, 1847, 48. 

on sulphato-chloride of copper — a new 

mineral, 1847, 49. 

, improvements on a dew-point hygro- 
meter, 1855, 38. 

Conybeare (H.) on the physical geogra- 
phy of the neighbourhood of Bombay, 
as affecting the design of the works 
erected for the water-supply of that city, 
1858, 149. 

on an apparatus for laying down sub- 
marine telegraphic cables, 1858, 209. 

Conybeare (Rev. W. D.) on the application 
to Great Britain and Ireland of M. de 
Beaumont's theory of the parallelism of 
contemporaneous lines of elevation, 1831- 
32, 587. 



Conybeare (Rev. W. D,), * Geological Sec- 
tion of Europe,' 1831-32, 583. 

Cook (Capt. J. C.) on the genera Pinus and 
Abies, 1838, 117. 

Cooke (L.) on a clock movement, and new 
mode of suspending the pendulum, 1843, 

lOI. 

CoolEy (W. D.) on a physico-geographieal 
survey of the British Islands, particularly 
in relation to agriculture, 1846, 72. 

Coombe (Mr.) on expanding pulleys, 1858, 
209. 

*CooPER (E. J.), catalogue of mean places 
of fifty telescopic stars observed at Markrea 
Castle, 1843, iS. 

on the perihelia and ascending nodes 

of the planets, 1858, 27. 

, extracts of letters from Mr. A. Gra- 
ham on Donati's comet, 1858, 28. 

Cooper (Dr. H.) on the mortality (autumn 
1849) of Hull, 1853, 102. 

on the prevalence of diseases in Hull, 

1853, 103. 

*CooPER (J.) on the drainage of the mid- 
dle level of the Bedford level, 1852, 
125. 

CoppERTHWAiTE (W. C.) on the statistics of 
Old and New Malton, 1844, 89. 

*CoRRET (Dr.) on imbibition of prussiate 
of potash by plants, 1836, 107. 

Corbett (Pr..f. J. H.) on the Acalephae, 
with respect to organs of circulation and 
respirati n, 1856, 91. 

on Australian crania, 1857, 126. 

on the deglutition of alimentary fluids, 

1860, 216. 

*Corle (T.) on the mortality in different 
sections of the metr polls, 1851, 99. 

CoRMACK (Dr. J. R.) on the effects of air 
when injected into the veins, 1840, 157. 

CoRRiGAN (Dr.) on the mechanism of bruit 
de soufflet, 1835, 87. 

CosTELLO (Dr.) en cases of calculus treated 
by lithotrity, 1839, 109. 

CoTTAM (G.) on the Marquis of Tweed- 
dale's patent brick and tile machine, 1839, 
128. 

, description of a new railway wheel, 

1839, 128. 

Couch's (Capt.) chock channels, Sir W. S. 
Harris on, 1841, 102. 

Couch (J.) on the zoology of Cornwall, 
1841, 68. 

* on the migration of birds and flower- 
ing of plants in Cornwall, 1842, 66. 

on the egg-purse and embryo of a 

species of My.iobatis, 1846, 80. 

Couch (R. Q.) on the embryo state of Pa- 
linurus vulgaris, 1857, 102. 

Cowan (Dr.) on the vital statistics of Glas- 
gow, 1840, 173. 

CowPER (E.) on a new mode of obtaining 
a blast of very high temperature in the 
manufacture of iron, 1860, 204. 

Cox (H.) on the hyperbolic law of elasticity 
of cast iron, 1850, 172. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



121 



Cox (H.) on the parallelogram of mechanic 

cal magnitudes, 1851, i. 
* on the submergence of telegraphic 

cables, 1869, ii. 
Craig (Rev. E.) on polarization, 1836, 19. 
Craig (J.) on the coal formation of the 

west of Scotland, 1840, 89. 
, notice of sections of the railways be- 
tween Glasgow and Greenock, and G-reen- 

ock and Ayr, 1841, 67. 
Crane (G.) on the smelting of iron with 

anthracite coal, 1837, 52. 
Crawford (Dr.) on a case of anthracosis 

in a lead -miner, 1838, 130. 
^Crawford (J.) on the Malay languages, 

1847, 119. . . 

, vital statistics of a district in Java, 

1848, 112. 

en the alphabet of the Indian Archi- 
pelago, 1849, 83. 

^— on the oriental words adopted in Ung- 
glish, 1849, 84. 

on the negro races of the Indian 

Archipelago and Pacific Islands, 1851, 
86. 

* on the geography of Borneo, with 

description of the condition of the island, 
and its chief products, illustrated by his- 
torical references, 1851, 88. 

*- on the different centres of civiliza- 
tion, 1855, 141. 

• on the effects of the gold of Australia 

and California, 1857, 160. 

on the effects of commixture, locality, 

climate, and food on the races of man, 
1858, 149. 

on the relation of the domesticated 

animals to civilization, 1859, 177. 

on the effects of the influx of the pre- 
cious metals which fo. lowed the disco- 
very of America. 1859, 205. 

* on the effects of the recent gold dis- 
coveries, 1859, 205. 

on the Aryan cr Indo-Germanic theory 

of races, 1860, 1 54. 

— — on the influence of domestic ani- 
mals on the progress of civilization, 1860, 

155- 

^^Croall (Mr.) on the more remarkable 
plants found in Braemar, 1859, 133 

Cronin (Mr.) on the statistical results of 
amputation, 1843, 84. 

Crook (Dr. W. H.) on the unity of the coal- 
deposits of England and Wales, 1837, 

75- , . , 

■ on a supposed connexion between an 

insufficient use of salt in f.od and the 

progress of Asiatic cholera, 1848, 88. 
Crosse (A.) on the formation of artificial 

crystals, 1836, 47. 

on the apparently mechanical action 

accompanying electric transfer, 1854, 
66. 

Crosse (Mrs.) on the apparent mechani- 
cal action accompanying electrical trans- 
fer, 1855, 55. 



Crosskill (A.) on reaping-machinery, 1863, 
114 ; 1858, 209. 

Crowe (J. R.) on the climate of Norway 
and Finmark, 1844, 27. 

, meteorological observations for the 

year 1844 at Christiania, 1846, 19 ; 1846, 
12; 1847, 33. 

Cruicksiiank (A.) on the natural obstruc- 
tions in the atmosphere preventing the 
view of distant objects on the earth's sur- 
face, 1859, 49. 

Crum (W.) on the ageing of mordants in 
calico-printing, 1859, 258. 

Cull (R.) on the misapplication of the 
terms 'evolution' and 'development,' as 
applied by etlmographical philologists to 
the inflections of a language, 1852, 82. 

* on Blumenbach's classification of the 

human race, 1852, 84. 

* on the ethnological value of the re- 
sults of philological inquiry, 1854, 126. 

* , description of three Esquimaux lately 

exhibited in London, 1854, 126. 

manual of ethnological inquiry and 

the ethnology of Polynesia, 1855, 141. 

on some water-colour portraits of 

natives of Van Diemen's Land, 1855, 
142. 

* on the complexion and hair of the 

ancient Egyptians, 1855, 142. 
* on a more positive knowledge of the 

changes, both physical and mental, in 

man, with a view to ascertain their causes, 

1856, ic8. 

on the character, extent, and ethno- 
logical value of the Indo-European ele- 
ment in the language of Finland, 1867, 
127. 

* on Dr. Prichard's identification of the 

Russians with the Roxolani, 1858, 148. 

* on certain remarkable deviations in 

the stature of Europeans, 1860, 155. 

* on the existence cf a true plural of 

the personal pronoun in a living Euro- 
pean language, 1&60, 155. 

CuLLEN (General), cbservations of the fall 
of rain on the coast of Travanccre and 
table-land of Uttree, 1846, 22. 

■ , bare metrical levelings in the Madras 

Presidency, 1847, 42. 

on the fall of rain on the table-land 

of Uttree Mullay, Travancore, 1848, 

39- 

CuLLEN (Dr.) on the gold-mines of the 
Isthmus of Darien, emigration to New 
Granada, and canalization of the Isthmus 
of Darien, 1850, 79. 

* on a proposed canal across the Isth- 
mus of Darien, 1851, 88. 

*CuLLBy (Mr.), notice of the plans for the 
transmission of time-signals through the 
telegraph wires in connexion with the ob- 
servatory at Greenwich. 1854, 148. 

CuMMiNG (Rev. Prof J.) on some electro- 
magnetic instruments, 1833, 418. 

on an instrument for measuring the 



122 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



heating effect of the sun's rays, 1833, 
4.18. 
CuMMiNG (Rer. J. Gt.) on posidonian schist 
amidst trappean beds, and on traces of 
drift-ice in the south of the Isle of Man, 
1845, 60. 

on some of the more recent changes 

in the area of the Irish Sea, 1854, 80. 

Cunningham (Jas.) on a method of con- 
structing magnets, 1837, 38. 

Cunningham (Jno.) on the submarine forest, 
Leasowe, 1854, 81. 

on ventilation of ships, 1854, 148. 

CuNNiNGTON (W.) On a peculiarity in the 

structure of one of the fossil sponges of 

the chalk, Choanites Konigi, 1848, 67. 
Curtis (Mr.) on the Hylurgus piniperda, 

1836, 98. 
Curtis (W. J.) on a flexible suspension 

bridge, 1837, 132. 
* on methods to increase security upon 

railways, 1839, 132. 
*CuRTis (Prof) on a system of geodetics 

and the conjugate system, &c., 1857, 2, 
Cybulz (Capt.) on a set of relief models 

of the Alps, &c., 1860, 155. 

*Daa (Dr. L. K.) on the Varanger Fiord, 
1856, 108. 

* on the Torenio system of the Ugrians 

(Finns), Albanians, and other popula- 
tions, 1856, ic8. 

* on the relation of the Siberian and 

Armenian languages, 1856, 108. 

, table cf the Lapps and Finns in Nor- 
way, according to the census returns, 

1856, 138. 

*D'Abbadie (A.), synopsis of seventy-two 
languages of Abyssinia and the adjacent 
countries, 1851, 88. 

- on the ethnological and physical cha- 
racters of the negro variety of mankind, 

1857, 117. 

Dale (J.) on elliptic polarization, 1846, 5. 

on a proposed optical experiment, 

1847, 37. 

Dale (Rev. T. P.) on s:me optical proper- 
ties of phosphorus, 1858, 1 5. 

on the relation between refractive in- 
dex and volume among liquids, 1859, 
12. 

Dalton (Dr.), experiments on the quantity 
of food, compared with the quantity of 
the different secretions, 1831-32, 73. 

on the effects of atmospheric pressure 

on the animal frame, 1831-32, 85. 

, analysis of pyroxylic spirit, 1835, 

44. 

on chemical symbols, 1836, 77. 

on the non-prcduction of carbonic 

acid by plants, 1837, 58. 

* on microcosmic salt, 1842, 40. 

* on a new and easy method of ana- 
lysing sugar, 1842, 40. 

* on the phosphates and arseniates, 

1842, 40. 



Dalyell (Sir J. G.) on the propagation of 
certain Scottish zoophytes, 1834, 598. 

on the regeneration of lost organs dis- 
charging the functions of the head and 
viscera, by the Holothuria and Amphi- 
trite, 1840, 139. 

on exuviation, or the change of the 

integuments of animals in the Crustacean 
tribes, 1850, 120. 

*Dalyell (Consul), earthquake at Erzerum, 

1859, 266. 
*Dalzell (Dr.) on crystallized bichromate 

of strontia, 1859, 68. 

on the economical preparation of pure 

chromic acid, 1859, 68. 

Dalziel (Dr. J.) on sleep, and an apparatus 
for promoting artificial respiration, 1838, 
127. 

on hysteria, hydrophobia, and other 

convulsive affections, embracing an ana- 
lysis of the phenomena of water-dread, 
1850, 129. 

DALziELL(Mr.), notice of a method of pump- 
ing water from leaky vessels at sea, 1838, 
163. 

Dana (Dr. S. L.) on determining the quan- 
tity of real indigo in the indigos of com- 
merce, 1841, 49. 

Daniell (Prof.) on the natives of Old Ca- 
labar, Africa, 1845, 79. 

Danson (J. T.) on the fluctuations of the 
annual supply and average price of corn, 
in France, during the last seventy years, 
1849, 87. 

on the progress of emigration from the 

United Kingdom, 1849, 88. 

■■ on the current price and the cost price 
of corn in England during ten years 
(1843-1854), as illustrating the value of 
agricultural statistics, 1854, 134. 

on the diversity of measures in the 

corn-markets of the United Kingdom, 
1856, 137. 

— — — on the connexion between slavery in 
the United States of America and the 
cotton manufactiu-e of the United King- 
dom, 1856, 137- 

on the Wirral peninsula, and the 

growth of its population in connexion 
with Liverpool and the Manchester dis- 
trict, 1856, 143. 

on the ages of the population in Li- 
verpool and Manchester, 1857, 158. 

Danson (W.) on the introduction of a spe- 
cies of Auchenia into Britain for obtain- 
ing wool, 1839, 92. 

on the Alpaca, 1840, 131. 

Darling (W.) on the probable maximum 
depth of the ocean, 1855, 8 1. 

Daubeny (Dr.) on the connexion of hot 
springs with volcanos, 1831-32, 83. 

* on an instrument to illustrate) the ef- 
fects of capillary attraction, 1831-32, 85. 

on the geological inferences to be de- 
duced from the chemical constitution of 
springs and of sea- water, 1831-32, 592. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



123 



Daubeny (Dr.), specimen of an index to 
the flora of Oxfordshire exhibited by, 
1831-32, 606. 

on the action of light upon plants, 

1833, 436 ; 1835, 73 ; 1853, 103. 

on excretions from the roots of ve- 
getables, 1834, 598. 

— — on the Tolatilization of magnesia by 
heat, 1835, 51. 

- on the effects which arsenic produces 
on vegetation, 1836, 76. 

on tlie chemical theory of volcanic 

phenomena, 1836, 81. 

* , instrument for drawing up water 

from great depths, 1836, 132. 
■ on the climate of North America, 1838, 

29. 
on the geology and thermal springs of 

North America, 1833, 91. 

- on an apparatus for obtaining a nume- 
rical estimate of the intensity of solar 
light, 1839, 6. 

on manures considered as stimulants 

to vegetation, 1841, 47. 

on the disintegration of the dolomitic 

rocks of the Tyrol, 1841, 48. 

, notice of a portable botanical press, 

1841, 77. 

on the agricultural importance of as- 
certaining the minute portions of matter 
derived from organic sources that may be 
preserved in the surface-soil, and on the 
chemical means by which its presence 
may be detected, 1842, 37. 

on the causes of the irregularities of 

surface which are observable in certain 
parts of the magnesian limestone forma- 
tions of this country, 1842, 39. 

on an irregular production of flowers 

in an aloe, 1812, 65. 

on the phosphorite rock in Spanish 

Estremadura, 1844, 28. 

on the chemical principles involved 

in the rotation of crops, 1845, 33. 

on Cavendish's experiment respect- 
ing the production of nitric acid, 1846, 
38. 

on the rationale of certain practices 

employed in agriculture, 1846, 42. 

, new facts bearing on the chemical 

theory of volcanos, 1846, 45. 

on the nutritive value of different 

kinds of food, 1847, 49. 

experiments in vegetable physiolrgy 

and agricultural chemistry in the Botanic 
Q-arden, Oxford, 1847, 82. 

reply to an objection of Mr. Hopkins 

to the "chemical theory of volcanos," 
1848, 67. 

on an indirect method of ascertaining 

the presence of phosphoric acid in rocks, 
where the quantity of that ingredient was 
tOD minute to be determinable by direct 
analysis, 1855, 55. 

on the action of light on the germi- 
nation of seeds, 1855, 56. 



*Daubeny (Dr.) on the influence of light 
on the germination of plants, 1855, 
103. 

on a method of refining sugar, 1857, 

45- 

on the conversion of paper into parch- 
ment, 1857, 45. 

* , notice of several varieties of volcanic 

tufa from the neighbourhood of Rome 
and Naples, 1859, 68. 

on certain volcanic rocks in Italy which 

appear to have been subjected to meta- 
morphic action, 1859, 102. 

on the elevation theory of volcanos, 

1860, 75. 

on the final causes of the sexuality of 

plants, in reference to Mr. Darwin's 
theory, 1860, 109. 

, experiments on equivocal generation, 

1860, 115. 

Davidow (M.) on the theory of equilibrium 
of floating bodies, 1847, i. 

Davies (Mr.) on a machine for cutting the 
teeth of bevel wheels, 1839, 129. 

*Davies (H. B.) on the Tasmanians, 1846, 
117. 

^Davies (J.) on the manufacture and purifi- 
cation of gases obtained from coal, 1842, 
40. 

*Davies (J. A.) on the decomposition of 
magnesian limestone at Brodsworth, 1854, 
66. 

Davies (T.) on the diurnal variation of the 
barometer, 1859, 50. 

Davis (J. B.) on the forms of the crania of 
the ancient Britons, 1854, 127. 

on the forms of the crania of the 

ancient Romans, 1855, 142. 

on the forms of the crania of the Anglo- 
Saxons, 1856, 108. 

on the inhabitants of the Tarai, at the 

foot of the Himalayas, 1859, 177. 

Davis (Sir J. F.) on China, in reference to 
operations in that quarter, 1857, 129. 

*Davis (J. H.) on the plants of the ooHtic 
moorlands, 1858, 224. 

Davis (R.) on a patent pan for evaporating 
saccharine solutions and other liquids at 
a temperature below 108° Fahr., 1859, 
230. 

Davison (R.) on a desiccating process, 
1849, 114. 

Davison (T.) on a reflecting telescope, 1833, 
420. 

Davy (Prof. E.), experiments to preveirt 
corrcsion by sea-water, 1835, 34, 36. 

on Irish and Virginian tobacco, 1835, 

37. 

on nicotin, 1835, 38. 

on a new gaseous bicarburet of hydro- 
gen, 1836, 62. 

on a compound of carbon and potas- 
sium, or carburet of potassium, 1836, 
63. 

on a new gaseous compound of car- 
bon and hydrogen, 1837, 50. 



124 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Davy (Dr. J.) on the incrustation which 
forms in the boilers of steam-engines, 
1850, 51. 

■ on the fishes of the Lake District, 
1858, 122. 

, observations on the Lake District, 

1858, 149. 
Dawes (J. S.) on the manufacture of iron, 

1838, 68. 
on the occurrence of vegetable remains, 

supposed to be marine, in the new red 

sandstone, 1842, 47. 
Dawson (Mr.), model of the great landslip 

at Axmouth, 1841, 64. 
Dawson (Dr. J. W.) on the fossils of the 

coal formation of Nova Scotia, 1855, 81. 
on the species of Meriones and Arvi- 

colae found in Nova Scotia, 1855, 1 10. 
* on the vegetable structure visible in 

the coal of Nova Scotia, 1858, 80. 
— — on the occurrence of a land shell and 

reptiles in the South Joggins coal-field, 

Nova Scotia, 1859, 102. 
Day (W.) on the economical working of 

steam b ilers and furnaces, 1854, 149. 
Deax (A.) on the discoA'ery of gold ores in 

Merionethshire, 1844, 56. 

■ on the stratification of igneous and 
sedimentary rocks of the lower Silurian 
format! n in North Wales, 1844, 56. 

Deane (Sir T.) on the method adopted by 
his brother, Mr. A. Deane, to raise the 
' Innisfaile ' steam-vessel from the Cork 
river, 1843, 10 1. 

— — on the construction of buildings for 
the accommodation of audiences, 1844, 
99. 

De Colmar's (T.) arithmometer, or calcu- 
lating machine, 1854, I. 

*De la Beciib (Sir H. T.) on the metalli- 
ferous veins of Cornwall, 1836, 83. 

on that portion cf the Ordnance geo- 
logical map of England completely co- 
loured, and on a section through the Silu- 
rian rocks in the vicinity of Builth, 1844, 
46. 

* on the geology of portions of South 

Wales, Gloucestershire, and Somerset- 
shire, 1848, 79. 

De la Rive (Prof.) on an optical pheno- 
menon observed at Mont Blanc, 1837, 
10. 

on the interference of electro-magnetic 

currents, 1837, 27, 

*De la Rue (Warren) on a new acetic ether 
occurring in a natural resin, 1860, 71. 

* on the isomers of cumol, 1860, 71. 

♦Delesse (Achille) on the changes occa- 
sioned during the c:oling of the granite 
of Mont Blanc, 1852, 43. 

*Db Moleyns (Mr.) on recent discoveries 
in voltaic combination, 1841, 42. 

— — on the nature and properties of ozone, 
1841, 57. 

Dekham (Capt.) on the survey of the Mer- 
sey and the Dee, 1835, 64. 



Denham (Capt.) on vibration of railways, 
1835, 108. 

on the tidal capacity of the Mersey 

estuary, &c., 1837, 85. 

Dennis (J. C.) on improvements in the re- 
flecting circle, 1848, 117. 

Dennis (Rev. J. B. P.) on the mode of 
flight of the Pterodactyles of the coprolite 
bed near Cambridge, 1860, 76. 

Dennistoun (J.) on a tissue spim by cater- 
pillars, 1850, 123. 

Denny (H.) on the hatching and rearing a 
grey parrot in England, 1843, 71. 

on the remains of the hippopotamus 

found in the Aire Valley deposit near 
Leeds, 1853, 51. 

Dent (E. J.) on the application of a glass bal- 
ance-spring to chronometers, 1833, 421. 

on a chronometer with a glass balance- 
spring, 1834, 595. 

on the effects of temperature on the 

regulators of time-keepers, and improve- 
ments in pendulums, 1838, 35. 

, experiment to determine the difference 

of longitude between Grreenwich and New 
York, 1839, 27. 

on the mean daily rate of the transit- 
clock in the Radcliffe observatory, Oxford, 
1839, 28. 

on a coating cf goM to steel balance- 
springs cf chrv.nometers, 1841, 41. 

on the 1, ngitude cf Devonport, 1842, 9. 

on the rate of protected chronometer 

springs, 1842, 9. 

(. n a new chronometer compensating 

balance, 1842, 10. 

on the rate of a patent compensating 

pendulum, 1842, 10. 

*- on the shape of the teeth of the 

wheels of the clock in the New Royal Ex- 
change, 1844, 8. 

on a new steering and azimuth com- 
pass, 1844, 12. 

on a method of suspending a ship's 

compass, 1845, 16. 

on a new portable azimuth compass, 

1846, 25. 

*Derry (S.), report of patients of the Ply- 
mouth public dispensary, 1841, 83. 

De Vrij (Dr.) on biliary concretions, 1847, 

59- 
on the analyses of the inorganic con- 
stituents of organic bodies, 1847, 59. 

on the black colouring matter of the 

lungs, 1849, 36. 

on solid and liquid camphor from 

the Dryoba anops caraphora, 1851, 52. 

on nitro-glycerine, 1851. 52. 

Dewbain (Mr.), notice of the downy fruit 
of the black poplar, 1842, 64. 

DiBB (J. E.) on registry of deeds in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, 1858, 175. 

Dick (D.) on the construction of achro- 
matic object-glasses, 1834, 593. 

Dick (Mr.) on the use of the omentum, 
1834, 683. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



125 



^■DiCK (J.) on a new form of iron bottle for 
obtaining oxygen from peroxide of man- 
ganese, 1837, 58. 

^Dickenson (Dr.) on the Normal School in 
Dublin, 1835, 125. 

Dickie (Prof.) on the distribution of the 
marine algae on the British and Irish 
coasts, with reference to the influence of 
the Gulf-stream, 1852, 65. 

on a monstrosity of Bellis perennis, 

1852, 66. 

on the altitudinal ranges of plants in 

the north of Ireland, 1852, 66. 

on tlie distribution and habits of 

Echinus lividus, 1852, 72. 

on associations of colour and relations 

of colour and fo.-m in plants, 1854, 98. 
, remarks on the effects of the winter 

1854-55 upon vegetation at Aberdeen, 

1855, 105. 
on the homologies of Lepismidae, 1855, 

no. 

on the upper limits of cultivation in 

Aberdeenshire, 1859, 133. 

on the flora of Aberdeenshire, 1859, 

134. 

on the moUusca of Aberdeenshire, 

1859, 147. 

en the structure of the shell in some 

species of Pec^en, 1859, 147. 

^Dickson (Sir D. J. H.) on extensive aneu- 
rism, 1836, 124. 

on laceration of the rectus abdominis 

muscle, on a case of transposition of the 
c£ecum, and on some cases of dropsy, 
1837, 124. 

• on a remarkable case of rupture of the 

duodenum, 1&39, 94. 

on a case of albuminous ascites, with 

hydatids ; on five cases of hepatic abscess, 
and on two cases of phthisis, 1841, 81. 

on enormous hydropic distension of 

the abdomen, and on sudden death from 
the rupture of an aneurism of the thoracic 
aorta, 1842, 83. 

DiEFFENBACii (Dr. E.) On mineral manure, 
1845, 39. 

— — on the geology of New Zealand, 1845, 

50- 

Dingle (Eev. J.) on a new case of bino- 
cular vision, 1858, 14. 

on the configuration of the surface of 

the earth, 1858, 1 50. 

on the constitution of the earth, 1859, 

102. 

on the corrugation of strata in the 

vicinity of mountain ranges, 1860, 77. 

DiRCKS (H.) on a railway wheel with wood 
tire, 1840, 212. 

on the production and prevention of 

smoke, 1843, 39. 

on the construction of Luntley's sha- 
dowless burners, and the shape of glass 
chimneys for lamps, 1843, 98. 

on the prevention of smoke from engine 

boilers and other furnaces, 1843, 98. 



DiRCKS (H.) on the prevention of boiler ex- 
plosions, 1854, 149. 

on an apparatus for exhibiting optical 

illusions of spectral phenomena, 1858, 

*DoBSON (Mr.), method of making bricks 
of any colour, 1838, 163. 

DoBSON (T.) on the causes of great inunda- 
tions, 1856, 31. 

on the Balaklava tempest, and the 

mode of interpreting barometrical fluctu- 
ations, 1856, 36. 

*DoDDS (J. W.) on improvements in iron 
and steel, and their application to rail- 
way and other purposes, 1857, 180. 

DoLLOND (Gr.) on an atmospheric recorder, 
1846, 17- 

*DoMviLLE (W. C.) on some living aquatic 
birds at Santry House, near Dublin, 1853, 
60. 

Donaldson (Prof. J.) on the water sirene, 

1850, 174. 

Donnelly (Mr.) on the manner in which 
agricultural statistics are coLected in Ire- 
land, 1858, 176. 

*DoNonoE (Consul) on Pacific railway 
sshemes, 1858, 149. 

Donovan (M.) on a singular acoustic phe- 
nomenon, 1857, 22. 

on a moveable horizontal sun-dial, 

which shows correct solar time within a 
fraction of a minute, 1857, 24. 

* on hygrometers and hygrometry, 

1857, 45. 

Douglas (J.) on dislocation of the ankle- 
joint forward and backward, and on the 
reproduction of bone after the operation 
of trepan, 1840, 165. 

Doull (A.) on a railway from the Af antic 
to the Pacific in British North America, 

1851, in. 

Dove (Prof.) on an apparatus for elliptically- 

polarized light, 1854, 9. 
on some stereoscopic phenomena, 1854, 

9- 
on a method of measuring the absorp- 
tion of polarized light in doubly refract- 
ing crystals, 1854, 10. 

on the distribution of rain in the 

temperate zones, 1854, 28. 

DowDEN (E.) on a luminous appearance on 
the common marigold, 1843, 79. 

* on the effect of light as a part of vital 

statistics, 1843, 96. 

* on the heat and warmth of cottages, 

1843, 96. 

* on a compilation of the facts illus- 
trating the physiology of vegetable and 
animal secretions, 1857, no. 

on a cash land-trade for Ireland, retail 

and wholesale, 1857, 160. 

* on the efiect of a rapid current of 

air, 1860, 39. 

* on a plant poisoning a plant, 1860, 1 10. 

* on local taxation for local purposes, 

1860, 191. 



126 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



*DowLiNO (Mr.), quantitative estimation of 
tannin in some tanning materials, 1859, 

75- 
^Drapee (C. L.) on electro-magnetism, 

1858, 25. 
Draper (Prof. H.) on a change produced by 

exposure to the beams of the sun in the 

?roperties of an elementary substance, 
843, 9. 

on the decomposition of carbonic acid 

gas, and the alkaline carbonates, by the 
light of the sun, 1843, 33. 
— — on a reflecting telescope for celestial 

Shotography, erecting at Hastings, near 
few York, 1860, 63. 

— — on the intellectual development of 
Europe, considered with reference to the 
views of Mr. Darwin and others, 1860, 
115. 

Dredge (Mr.), notice of a wire suspension 
bridge over the Avon, 1833, 163. 

* on bridge architecture, 1839, 131. 

*Dresser (Dr. C.) on abnormal forms of 
Passi flora caerulea, 1860, no. 

* on the morphological laws in plants, 

1860, 1 10. 

Drew (Dr. J.) on the climate of Southamp- 
ton, 1859, ag. 

*Drummond (Eev. Dr.), Gordius aquations 
viviparous, 1835, 72. 

Drummokd (J.), outline of a theory of the 
structure and magnetic phenomena of the 
globe, 1857, 22. 

on the intensity of the terrestrial mag- 
netic force, 1858, 24. 

on the development of a physical 

theory of terrestrial magnetism, 1858, 
25. 

Drummoxd (Capt. H. M.), list of birds found 
in Corfu and the Ionian Islands and 
Crete, 1843, 70. 

Drury (Rev. T.) on the improvement of 
agricultural labourers, 1844, 90. 

DuBOSCQ (M.), notice of his apparatus for 
showing in projection on a screen all the 
phenomena of light, 1854, 10. 

Du BouLAY(M.)on the meteorological phe- 
nomena of the vernal equinoctial week, 
1860, 39. 

DucANE (Capt.) on the metamorphism of 
a species of crustacean, 1837, 98. 

Duncan (J ) on geological phenomena in 
Africa, 1846, 69. 

, remarks during a journey from Why- 

dah to Adafocdia, 1847, 119. 

Duncan (J. F.) on a peculiar form of epi- 
demic affecting the teeth and gums of 
young children, 1845, 82. 

on the Shea butter-tree growing in 

Africa, 1846, 90. 

Duncan (P.) on the nature of ciliary motion, 
1853, 66. 

Duncan (Dr.) on impregnation in phane- 
rogamous plants, 1855, ic6. 

Dunn (J.) on anew klinometer and portable 
surveying instrument, 1834, 594. 



Dunn (J.) on the vital statistics of Scar- 
borough, 1840, 167. 

Dunn (M.) on an improved working barrel 
for use in sinking pits, &c., 1840, 2c 8. 

* on Ponton's electro -magnetic tele- 
graph, 1840, 213. 

Du NoYBR (G. V.) on the geological struc- 
ture of the Dingle Promontory, co. Kerry, 

1857, 70. 

* on the geology of Lambay Island, 

1857, 75- 
on the junction of the mica slates and 

granite, Killiney Hill, Dublin, 1857, 84. 
on the remains of early stone-built 

fortresses and habitations in the co. of 

Kerry, 1857, 148. 
DupiN (Baron) on the price of grain, and 

its influence on the French population, 

1836, 132. 
, notice of two maps of Britain, shaded 

to represent population and criminality, 

1836, 133. 
DuppA (B.) on a new organic compound 

containing boron, 1860, 69. 
DuPRE (Dr. A.) on the presence of copper in 

the tissues of plants and animals, 1857, 55. 
on the composition of Thames water, 

1859, 75- 

^Durham (A. E.) on the nature of sleep, 

1860, 129. 

DuRY (Rev. T.) on sea compasses, 1841, 27. 

DwERHAGEN (H. C.) ou the navigation of 
the rivers Plata, Parana, Paraguay, Ver- 
mejo, and Pilcomayo, 1853, 73. 

*Dyce (Dr.) on the identity of Morrhua 
vulgaris and M. punctata, hitherto de- 
scribed as distinct species, 1859, 265. 

Earl (G. W.) on the progress of discovery 
in the western half of New Guinea, 1853, 
76. 

*Earl (W.) on Cambodia, 1851, 88. 

Earle (H.) on the urethra, 1833, 460. 

Earnshaw (Rev. S.) on the rings which sur- 
round the image of a star formed by the 
object-g^ass of a telesc:pe, 1845, 10. 

on the mathematical theory of sound, 

1858, 34. 

on the triplicity of sound, 1860, 58. 

en the velocity of the sound of thun- 
der, 1860, 58. 

Ebelmen (M.) on artificial gems, 1849, 36. 

Eddy (S.) on the Grassington lead-mines, 
1844, 52. 

*Edgar (Rev. Dr. J.) on the neglected and 
perishing classes, and the means of their 
reformation, 1852, 115. 

^Edmonds (G.) on a philosophic universal 
language, 1855, 145. 

Edmonds (R., jun.) on remarkable lunar 
periodicities in earthquakes, extracrdinary 
oscillations cf the sea, and great atmo- 
spherical changes, 1845, 20. 

, remarkable thermometrical maxima 

at or near the moon's first quarter, during 
twelve years, 1850, 32. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



127 



^Edwatids (Mr.), notice of the fossils of 

Bracklestone Bay, Sussex, 1846, 67. 
*Edwauus (J.), electoral statistics of the 

British Empire, 1853, icy. 
Edwards (Dr.) on collodion photographs 

of the moon's surface, 1864, 66. 
Edwards (Dr. J. B.) on the titaniferous 

iron of the Mersey shore, 1855, 61. 

- on nitro-glycerine and other xyloids, 
1858, 47. 

*Egerton (Sir P. de M. G-.) on an ichthyoid 
fossil from India, 1854, 82. 

— — on the ichthyolites of Farnell Boad, 
Forfarshire, 1860, 77. 

— — on a new form of ichthyclite disco- 
vered by Mr. Peach, 1860, 78. 

EnuEXDERG (Prof.), notice cf his micro- 
scopical discoveries, 1838, 116. 

— — on the discovery of microscopic shells 
in the lower Silurian rocks, 1854, 82. 

Elder (J.) on double cylinder expansion 
marine engines, 1858, 210, 

•■ ■ on the engines of the ' Callao,' ' Lima,' 
and 'Bogota,' 1859, 231. 

on the cylindrical spiral boiler, 1860, 

204. 

*Eldridge (J.) on a new washing machine, 
1854, 149. 

*Ellis (Rev. A. J.) on ethnical orthogra- 
phy, 1849, 85. 

on a more general theory of ana- 
lytical geometry, including the Cartesian 
as a particular case, 1855, 5. 

• on a universal alphabet with ordinary 

letters for the use cf geographers, eth- 
nologists, &c., 1855, 143. 

Ellis (R. L.) en the cause of the instinctive 
ten den cv of bees to form hexagonal cells, 
1858, 122. 

Elton (Prof) on the ante-Columbian dis- 
covery of America, 1848, 94, 

Embleton (Dr. D.) on the anatomy of Scyl- 
l£ea, 1847, 77. 

on the anatomy of Doris, 1850, 124. 

Enys (J S.) on the performance of steam- 
engines in Cornwall, 1836, 1 30. 

on the connexion which exists between 

improvements in pit-work and the duty 
of steam-engines in Cornwall, 1841, 
103. 

* , photographs of quarries near Pen- 

rhyn, showing the structure of granite, 
1858, 80. 

Erdmann (Prof. O. L.) on haematoxylin, the 
colouring principle of logwcod, 1842, 33, 

Ericijsen (J. E.) on the influence of the 
coronary circulation on the heart's action, 
1842, 78. 

on the proximate cause of death after 

the spontaneous introduction of air into 
the veins, 1843, 83. 

Erman (Prof. A.), contributions to a geo- 
logical sketch cf North Asia, 1842, 46. 

Espy (J. P.) on storms, 1840, 30. 

on the four daily fluctuations of the 

barometer, 1840, 55. 



EsTLix (J. B.) on the new (18S8) vaccine 
virus, 1839, 105. 

*Etiieridge (R.) on the igneous rocks of 
Lundy and the Bristol district, 1856, 65. 

Ettling (Dr.) on the identity of spirciloua 
and saliculous acid, 1840, 78. 

Ettrick (W.) en the Davy lamp, 1835, 55, 

on improvements in the astronomical 

clock, mariner's compass, and in steam- 
engines, 1835, 112. 

on an instrument for observing mi- 
nute changes of terrestrial magnetism, 
1836, 33. 

* , new rubber for an electrical machine, 

1836, 33. 

on the common bellows blowpipe, 

1836, 77. 

* on the two electricities, and on Prof. 

Wheatstone's determinaticn of the velo- 
city of electric light, 1837, 28. 

* on browning gun -barrels, 1837, 57. 

en a new method of obtaining an 

artificial horizon at sea, 1837, 136. 

Eugene de Menil (Baron) on a new safety- 
lamp, 1839, 64. 

Evans (Mr.) on a case of spina bifida, 
1839, 10 1. 

*EvANs (Mr.) on anthracite pig-iron, 1840, 
191. 

EvANSON (Dr.) on the functions of the 
brain, 1837, 108. 

* , report of committee on the disease 

called " Morbus coxae senilis," 1836, 124. 

Everest (Col.) on the gecdetical operations 
of India, 1844, 3. 

on a barometer-pump, for filling ba- 
rometer-tubes in vacuo, 1844, 24. 

* en the measurement of two arcs of 

the meridian in India, 1845, 25. 

Everett (Prof. J. D.) on a method of re- 
ducing observations of undergroimd tem- 
peratures, 1859, 245. 

ExLEY (Rev. T.) on facts obtained mathe- 
matically in chemistry, 1836, 50. 

on the specific gravities of nitrogen, 

oxygen, hydrogen, and chlorine, and also 
of the vapovu*s ef carbon, sulphur, arsenic, 
and phosphorus, 1838, 64. 

on chemical combinations, 1838, 68. 

on the e'ementary constitution of or- 
ganic substances, 1839. 58. 

• on the alternate spheres of attraction 

and repulsion, noticed by Newton, Bosco- 
vich, and others ; and on chemical af- 
finity, 1844, 39. 

• on the laws of chemical combinations 

and the volumes of gaseous be dies, 1848, 50. 

on the motion of the electric fluid 

along conductors, 1848, 52. 

en the cause of the transmission of 

electricity along conductors generally, and 
particularly as applied to the electric 
telegraph wires, 1853, 38. 

^^Eyre (Major V.) on the application of cor- 
rugated metal to ships, boats, and other 
floating bodies, 1856, 162. 



128 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



♦Eyton (Mr.) on a vertical steam-engine, 

1846, 113. 
ErroN (T. C.) on the arrangement of birds, 

1858, 122. 
on the oyster, 1858, 123. 

Fairbairn (H.) on the changes in the cU- 
mate of England, 1842, 26. 

Fairbairn (W.) on the application of ma- 
chinery to the manufacture of steam- 
engine boilers, and other vessels subject 
to pressure, 1838, 160. 

on the effects of weights acting for an in- 
definite time upon bars of iron, 1839, 126. 

on the fan-blast as applied to furnaces, 

1840, 199. 

on the strength of iron, and its ap- 
plication as a substitute for wood in ship- 
building, 1840, 201. 

on raising water from low lands, 1840, 

210. 

* , notice of Hall's hydraulic belt for 

raising water, 1840, 213. 

on the combustion of c al, with a view 

to obtaining the greatest effect, and pre- 
venting the generation of smoke, 1842, 
107. 

* on the economy of the expansive 

action of steam in steam-engines, 1844, 98. 

on railway gradients, 1845, 93. 

, operiments on the tubular bridge pro- 
posed by Mr. Stephenson for crossing the 
Menai Straits, 1846, J07. 

on a wrought-ir.,n tubular crane, 1850, 

^77- . ^ . 

on the construction of iron vessels 

exposed to severe strain, 1851, 113. 

on the mechanical properties of meta"'8, 

as derived from repeated meltings, 1852, 

125. 
on the tensile strength of un wrought 

iron plates at various temperatures, 1852, 

125. 

on a new tubular boiler, 1852, 125. 

on the minie rifle, 1852, 125. 

on the progress of mechanical science, 

1853, 116. 

on the density of various bodies when 

subjected to enormous compressing forces, 

1854, 56. 

on the consumption of fuel and the 

prevention of smoke, 1854, 149. 

on the solidification of bodies under 

great pressure, 1854, 149. 

* on the machinery of the Universal 

Exhibition of Paris, 1855, 206. 

, address as President of the Mechanical 

Section, on the progress of mechanical 
science, 1858, 201. 

, experimental researches to determine 

the density of steam at various tempera- 
tures, 1859, 233. 

• on the density of saturated steam, and 

on the law of expansion of superheated 
steam, 1860, 210. 

*Falconer (Dr.H.) on some new additions 



among the mammalia to the fossil fauna 
of India, from Perim Island, in the Gulf 
of Cambay, 1846, 52. 

Falconer (Dr. H.) on the fossil elephantine 
animals of India, 1845, 62. 

on the crania of two species of croco- 
dile from Sierra Leone, 1846, 79. 

Faraday (Prof. M.) on electro-chemical de- 
composition, 1833, 393, 

on the magnetic condition of matter, 

1847, 20. 

on three specimens of diamond which 

had beensubjected to intense heat, 1847, 50. 

on lightning conductors, 1854, 158. 

, notice of a specimen of dark glass, 

employed to darken the image of the sun, 
found to be melted after being placed 
outside the eyepiece of a telescope, 1851, 
22. 

Farquiiarson (Dr.) on the strongest form 
of sea-borne vessels, 1840, 191. 

Farr's (Mr.) law of recovery and mortality 
in cholera. Dr. R. D. Thomson on, 1838, 
126. 

Farrar (Rev. A. S.) on the late eruption of 
Vesuvius, 1855, 55. 

Fal'velle (M.), Rev. Dr. Buckland on the 
applicability of his mode of bjring arte- 
sian wel s to the well at Southampton, 
and to other wells, and to sinkings for 
coal, &c., 1846, 56. 

on a new method of boring for arte- 
sian springs, 1846, 105. 

Favre (Prof. A.) on circular chains in the 
Savoy Alps, 1860, 78. 

Fawcett (H.) on the social and economical 
influence of the new gold, 1859, 205. 

* on the method of political economy 

by Dr. Whewell, 1850, 191. 

* on cooperative societies, their social 

and political aspect, 1860, 191. 

*Faye (Dr.) on the action of some animal 
poisons, 1857, no. 

^Featuerstoniiaugh (G-. H.) on the geo- 
graphy of New Brunswick, 1840, 121. 

Featherstonhaugh (Gr. W.) on the excava- 
tion of the rocky channels of rivers by the 
recession of their cataracts, 1844, 45. 

Felkin (W.) on the bobbin-net and hosiery 
trade, 1836, 148. 

on the importance of an inquiry into 

the amount and appropriation of wages 
by the working classes, 1837, 148. 

, statistics of the working classes in 

Hyde, Cheshire, 1838, 172. 

, notice of an experiment on the growth 

of silk at Nottingham, 1839, 87. 

on the growth of cotton, 1840, 146. 

on the statistics of the machine -wrought 

hosiery trade, 1844, 91. 

Fergusson (J.) on the site of the Holy Se- 
pulchre at Jerusalem, 1854, 117. 

*Ferri]|;re (M.) on photographs upon al- 
bumen, 1854, 67. 

Fielding (G. H.) on a new membrane in 
the eye, 1831-32, 602, 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



129 



Fielding (G. H.) on the peculiar atmo- 
spherical phenomena during the preva- 
lence of influenza, 1833, 461. 

Pinch (Dr. C.) on the diseases and causes of 
disability for military service in the In- 
dian army, 1849, 89. 

on the prevalence and mortality of 

cholera in the Indian armies, 1850, 161. 

* on the vital statistics of the armies 

in the East India Company's service, 
1851, 99. 

FiNDLATER (Mr.) On the state of crime in 
the suburban burgh of Anderston, 1840, 
176. 

FiNDLAY (A. G.) on the currents of the At- 
lantic and Pacific oceans, 1853, 76. 

• on arctic and antarctic currents, and 

their connexion with the fate of Sir John 
Franklin, 1854, 117. 

on some volcanic islets to the south- 
east of Japan, includiiig the Bonin islands, 
1856, no. 

*FrNLAY (G.) on the origin of the modern 
Greeks, 1846, 117. 

Fisher (Dr.) on the scrofulous tubercle, 
1845, 82. 

Fisher (Rev. G.) on the nature and origin 
of the aurora borealis, 1845, 22. 

Fisher (Rev. J.) on remarkable rainbows, 
1840, 12. 

Fisher (J.) on an atmospheric washing 
machine, 1860, 210. 

Fisher (Rev. J, M.) on the granite forma- 
tions of Newabbey, in Galloway, 1840, 

95- 

FisoN (Mrs. W.) on the importance of a 
colonial penny postage, 1858, 177. 

FiTTON (Dr.) on the arrangement and no- 
menclature of some of the subcretaceous 
strata, 1846, 58. 

FiTzRoY (Admiral) on wind-charts of the 
Atlantic, compiled from Maury's pilot 
charts, 1855, 39. 

«— — , notice of meteorological observations 
made at sea, 1857, 28. 

■ on the probable migrations and varia- 
tions of the earlier families of the human 
race, 1857, 130. 

• on the aqueous vapour of the atmo- 
sphere, 1859, 50. 

on the atmospheric waves, 1859, 50. 

* on meteorology, with reference to 

travelling, and the measurement of the 
height of mountains, 1859, 178. 

- on British storms, 1860, 39. 
FiTZwiLLiAM (Earl) on statistical reports 

regarding agriculture, 1834, 693. 
Fleming (Dr. A.) on the rocks of the Upper 

Punjaub, 1853, 43. 
Fleming (Rev. F.), journey across the rivers 

of British Kaifraria, 1855, 147. 
^Fletcher (J,), statistical notices of the 

state of education in York, 1844, 9 1 . 
, statistical and historical account of 

the ancient system of public charities in 

London, 1845, S2. 



^Fletcher (J.) on the system of coloniza- 
tion practised by the Irish Society, 1845, 
91. 

, progress and character of popular 

education in England and Wales, 1848, 
102. 

• , moral and educational statistics of 

England and Wales, 1848, 105. 

, statistics of Brittany and the Bretons, 

1848, 1 14. 

, statistics of the attendance in schools 

for children of the poorer classes, 1851, 
99. 

Foot (F. J.) on the geology of the neigh- 
bourhood of Tralee, 1857, 65. 

Forbes (D.) on the chemical examination 
of some alloys of copper and zinc, 1854, 
67. 

on the occurrence and chemical com- 
position of some minerals from the south 
of Norway, 1854, 67. 

on the action of sulphurets on me- 
tallic silicates at high temperatures, 1855, 
62. 

• on the relations of the Silurian and 

metamorphic rocks of the south of Nor- 
way, 1855, 82. 

^Forbes (Prof. E.), notice of Testacea new 
to Scotland, 1836, 99. 

on new and rare British plants and 

animals, 1837, 102. 

^ , two specimens of the lancelot taken 

off the Isle of Man, 1838, 1 10. 

on the distribution of the terrestrial 

Pulmonifera in Europe, 1838, 112. 

, zoological researches in Orkney and 

Shetland, 1839, 79. 
— — on the Ciliograda of the British seas, 

1839, 85 ; 1840, 141. 

on a pleistocene tract in the Isle of 

Man, and the relation of its fauna to that 
of the neighbouring sea, 1840, 104. 

on Pelonaia, a new genus of ascidian 

mollusca, 1840, 137. 

on two remarkable marine inverte- 

brata inhabiting the Mgean Sea, 1841, 72. 

on the addition of the order Nucleo- 

branchia to the British molluscous fauna, 

1843, 72. 

on some living animals taken off the 

coast of Cork, 1843, 74. 

^ , notice of a map of Lycia by Lieut. 

• Spratt, 1843, 64. 

on the tertiary and cretaceous forma- 
tions of the Isle of Wight, 1844, 43. 

, dredging-operations on the coast of 

Anglesea by, 1844, 63. 

on some animals new to the British 

seas, 1844, 64. 

on the morphology of the reproduc- 
tive system of Sertularian zoophytes, and 
its analogy with that of flowering plants, 

1844, 68. 

on a remarkable phenomenon pre- 
sented by the fossils in the freshwater 
tertiary of the island of Cos, 1845, 59. 



130 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



Forbes (Prof. E.) on preserving the Me- 
dusas, &c., 1845, 65. 

on additions to the marine fauna of 

Britain, 1845, 66. 

■ ' on the distribution of endemic plants, 

more especially those of the British Islands, 
considered with regard to geological 
changes, 1845, 67. 

■ on natural-history observations bear- 
ing upon geology, 1846, 69. 

, Crustacea found in cruises round the 

British coast, 1846, 80. 
— — on the pulmograde Medusas of the 

British seas, 1846, 84. 

on the families of British Lamelli- 

branchiate mollusca, 1847, 75. 

■ on dredging-researches, 1847, 77. 
, notice of discoveries among the Bri- 
tish Cystidece, 1848, 68. 

* on some marine animals from the 

Bristol Channel, 1848, 125. 

on the varieties of the wild carrot, 

1849, 70. 

on a remarkable monstrosity of a 

Vinca, 1849, 70. 

on the genera of British Patellacea, 

1849, 75. 

— — on Beroe cucumis, and the genera or 
species of Ciliograda which have been 
founded upon it, 1849, 76. 

on the succession of strata and dis- 
tribution of organic remains in the Dor- 
setshire Purbecks, 1850, 79. 

on the European species of Echinus, 

and the peculiarities of their distribution, 

1850, 123. 

• on the discovery by Dr. Overweg of 
Devonian rocks in North Africa, 1851, 
58. 

on the Echinodermata of the crag, 

1851, 58. 

on the new species of Maclurea, 1851, 

65. 
on some indications of the molluscous 

faima of the Azores and St. Helena, 1851, 

76. 

on a new testacean, 1851, 77. 

on the fossils of the yeUow sandstone 

of the south of Ireland, 1852, 43. 
on a new map of the geological dis- 
tribution of marine life, and on the ho- 

moiozoic belts, 1852, 73. 
on a species of Sepiola new to Britain, 

and first procured in the neighbourhood 

of Belfast, 1852,73. 
on the foUation of some metamorphic 

rocks in Scotland, 1854, 82. 

on some points connected with the 

natural history of the Azores, 1854, 108. 

Forbes (Col. J.) on the ethnology and 
hieroglyphics of the Caledonians, 1859, 
178. 

Forbes (Prof. J. D.) on the horary oscilla- 
tions of the barometer near Edinburgh, 
1831-32, 86. 

* , notice of a register of obsertations of 



the thermometer kept in Scotland, 1831- 
32, 581. 

*FoRBES (Prof. J. D.)'on an improved 
portable barometer, 1831-32, 581. 

• , results obtained on the diminution of 

the intensity of the solar rays in tra- 
versing the atmosphere, by means of the 
actinometer, 1833, 380. 

on a new sympiesometer, 1834, 593. 

on terrestrial magnetic intensity, espe- 
cially in relation to the influence of 
height, 1836, 30. 

on the weight, height and strength of 

men, 1836, 38. 

on the physical geography of the Py- 
renees, particularly in relation to hot 
springs, 1836, 83. 

, proceedings of the Meteorological 

Committee, 1837, 37. 

■ on a brine-spring emitting carbonic 

acid gas, 1838, 28. 

on the use of mica in polarizing light, 

1839, 6. 

on excessive falls of rain, 1840, 43. 

, an attempt to establish the plastic 

nature of glacier ice by direct experiment, 
1844, 24. 

on the temperature of the earth at 

Trevandrum, from the observations of 
John Caldecott, 1847, 40. 

on the alleged evidence for a physical 

connexion between stars forming binary 
or multiple groups, deduced from the 
doctrine of chances, 1850, 23. 

on the progress of experiments on 

the conduction of heat, 1851, 7. 

Forbes (Sir John S.) on popular invest- 
ments, 1859, 209. 

Forbes (Dr.) on the mean apsidal angle of 
the moon's orbit, 1840, i. 

Forchhammer (Prof.) on sea- water, and the 
efiects of variation in its cm-rents, 1846, 



51- 
36. 



on the formation of dolomite, 1849, 



on a new method of ascertaiuiag the 
quantity of organic matter in water, 1849, 

37- 
*FoRDE and Gtisborne (Messrs.), survey for 

a ship-canal through the isthmus of Cen- 
tral America, 1852, no. 
*FoRSTEB (Dr.) on meteors, 1848, 8. 
FoRSTER (J. A.) on improvements in organ 

machinery, 1853, 117. 
Foster (G. C.) on a more systematic no- 

menclatiu'e for organic bodies, 1857, 45. 
Foster (Dr. M.) on the beat of the snail's 

heart, 1859, 160. 
* on the theory of cardiac inliibition, 

1860, 129. 
FoucAULT (L.), nouvelles experiences sur le 

mouvement de la terre au moyen du 

gyroscope, 1854, 56. 
on the heat produced by the influence 

of the magnet upon bodies in motion, 

1855, II. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



l«l 



FouCAULT (L.) on a new polarizer, result- 
ing from a modification of the prism of 
Nicol, 1857, 5. " 

on a telescope speculum of silvered 

glass, 1857, 6. 

*FouLLE (Dr. A.) on the anatomy and func- 
tions of the third, sixth, and seventh 
pairs of nerves and the medulla oblongata, 
1858, 134. 

^PouRNESs (Mr.) on coal-mine ventilation, 
1838, 163. 

FoviLLE (Dr.) on the anatomy of the brain, 

■ 1839, 97. 

Fowler's (Mr.) new calculating machine, 
notice of, 1840, 55. 

on a new calculating machine, 1841, 

39- 
Fowler (Dr. N.) on the fimctions of the 

fifth pair of nerves, and of the ganglia, 

&c., 1840, 156. 
Fowler (Dr. E.) on a case of deafness, 

dumbness, and blindness, with remarks 

on the muscular sense, 1841, 81. 

on the best mode of expressing the 

results of practice in therapeutics, 1842, 
83. 

on a young woman deaf, dumb, and 

blind, 1842, 83. 

, additional facts relative to the case of 

a blind and deaf mute, 1844, 85. 

on the state of the deaf and dumb, 

1845, 85. 

on the relations of sensation to the 

higher mental processes, 1846, 92. 

on the blind and deaf and dumb, 

1847, 92. 

* on two pony foals in some points 

resembling stags, 1847, 93. 

, a physiological explanation how per- 
sons both blind, deaf, and dumb inter- 
pret the communications of others by 
their touch only, 1848, 88. 

, if vitality be a force having corre- 
lations with the forces, chemical affinities, 
motion, heat, light, electricity, magnetism, 
gravity, so ably shown by Frof. Grove to 
be modifications of one and the same 
force ?, 1849, 77. 

on the influences of man's instinct on 

his intellectual and moral powers, 1850, 
130. 

on the correlation of vitality and mind 

with the physical forces, 1851, 83. 

on the state of the mind during sleep, 

1852, 80. 

— — on the influence of the circulation of 
the blood on the mental functions, 1853, 
66. 

on literary and philosophical pursuits 

as conducive to longevity, 1854, 1 14. 

, an attempt to solve some of the diffi- 
culties of the Berkleyan controversy by 
well-ascertained physiological and psycho- 
logical facts, 1855, 123. 

~. on the sensational, emotional, intel- 
lectual, and instinctive capacities of thQ 



lower animals compared with those of 
man, 1858, 134. 

Fowler (Dr. E.), a second physiological 
attempt to unravel some of the perplexi- 
ties of the Berkleyan hypothesis, 1869, 
160. 

Fowler (E. J.) on the estimation of acti- 
nism, 1858, 47. 

FowNES (Gr.) on the direct formation of 
cyanogen from its elements, 1841, 52. 

Fox (Mr.) on the punishment of death in 
Prussia, 1835, 124. 

Fox (G-. T.), account of the remains of a 
whale recently discovered at Durham, 
1839, 89; 1840, 131. 

*Fox (J. J.) on the province of the sta- 
tistician, 1860, 191, 

Fox (E. W.), experiments on the electricity 
of the copper vein in Huel Jewel mine, 
1834, 572. 

* on a new dipping-needle, 1835, 25, 

on the absence of magnetism in cast 

iron when in fusion, 1835, 33. 

on voltaic agencies in metalliferous 

veins, 1836, Si. 

on the production of a horizontal 

vein of carbonate of zinc, 1838, 90. 

Frankland (Prof.) on some organic com- 
pounds containing metals, 1855, 62. 

on a mode of conserving the alkaline 

sulphates contained in alums, 1855, 62. 

on a new organic compound contain- 
ing boron, 1860, 69. 

Franklin (J. A.) on decimal coinage and 
accounts, showing the impracticability of 
the franc or tenpenny unit, 1854, 135. 

^Freeman (Eev. J.) on the inhabitants of 
Prince's Island, 1846, 117. 

^Freeman (Consul S.), description of Gha- 
dames, 1859, 178. 

Fremy (Prof. E.) on the extraction of me- 
tals from the ore of platinum, 1853, 
63. 

Freund (Dr. W.) on the Etruscan ques- 
tion, 1854, 126. 

Fripp (C. B.) on popular education in Bris- 
tol, 1836, i36._ 

on the condition of the poor of Bristol, 

1837, 139. 

on the condition of the working classes' 

in Bristol, 1839, 121. 

on the statistics of education in Bristol, 

1841, 89. 

Frith (G. H.) on macadamized roads, 1857, 
180. 

Frodsham (W. J.) on a comparative pen- 
dulum, 1839, 24. 

Frolich (Count D.) on the principles which 
regulate the effects of a convertible paper 
currency, 1855, 165. 

Froude (W.) on Gifi'ard's injector for feed- 
ing boilers, 1860, 211. 

^FuENTE (B. La) on the province of Tara- 
paca, South Peru, 1853, 88. 

Fulbrook (C.) on the variation in the quan- 
tity of rain due to the moon's position in 
k2 



132 



SECTtONS. — INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



reference to the plane of the earth's orbit, 
1857, 29. 

*ruLTON (J.) on the application (for eco- 
nomic and sanitary objects) of the prin- 
ciple of "yivaria" to agriculture and 
other purposes of life, 1855, iii. 

*EuRLONa (C. H.), notice of a collection of 
ferns from Portugal, 1855, 106. 

Gabriel (Consul E.), dispatch to Lord Cla- 
rendon announcing the arrival of Dr. 
Livingstone at Loanda, 1854, 119. 

Gages (A.) on some arseniates of ammonia, 
1857, 47. 

on the specific gravity of chloride of 

nitrogen, with some remarks upon its ac- 
tion on alcohol, 1857, 47. 

on a method of observation applied to 

the study of some metaniorphic rocks, and 
on some molecular changes exhibited 
by the action of acids upon them, 1858, 
48. 

on a new variety of pyro-electric 

Wavellite, 1858, 49. 

— r- on the comparative action of hydro- 
cyanic acid on albumen and caseine, 
1859, 162. 

on some transformations of iron py- 
rites in connexion with organic remains, 
18G0, 79. 

Gairdner (Dr. W. T.) on pathological cell- 
development, 1850, 131. 

on the mortality from certain diseases, 

1857, no. 

— * — on the action of the auriculo-ventri- 
cular valves of the heart, 1857, no. 

Gale (P.) on decimal arrangement of land- 
measures, 1855, 165. 

*Gale (Capt. S.) on the shortest routes to 
South Australia, 1854, 120. 

Galen (Dr. vox) on the comet of short 
period discovered by Brorsen, Feb. 26, 
1846, and its reappearance in 1851, 1851, 
23. 

Galitzin (Prince Ern.) on the manners and 
customs of the Yacoutes, 1853, 80. 

Gall (J,, jun.) on improved monographic 
projections of the world, 1855, 148. 

■ on the mutual influence of capillary 

attraction and motion on projectiles, and 
its application to the construction of a 
new kind of rifle shells, and balls to bo 
thrown from common guns, 1855, 206, 

*Galletley (J.) on a new glucocide con- 
tained in the petals of a wallflower, 1855, 
63. 

Galloway (R.) on the quality of food of 
artisans in an artificially heated atmo- 
sphere, 1855, 63. 

on the use of phosj^hate of potash in a 

salt-meat dietary, 1855, 63. 

*Galton(F.), expedition to the east of Wal- 
fisch Eay under, 1852, no. 

on a hand heliostat for the purpose of 

flashing sun signals, 1858, 15. 

Garden (Capt.) on the occurrence of a true 



cretaceous formation in the south of Africa, 

1854, 83. 
Gardner (G.) on the internal structure of 

the palm tribe, 1837, 102. 
on the geology and fossil fishes of North 

Brazil, 1840, 118. 
Gardner (Mr.) on the industrial and train- 
ing school to be erected near Manchester, 

1842, 96. 
Garner (R.) on an economical use of the 

granitic sandstone of North Staffordshire, 

1839, 77. 
, observations on Beroe pileus, 1839, 

93- 

on a remarkable hail-storm in North 

Staffbrdsliire, 1856, 39. 

on the pearls of the Conway River, 

N. Wales, with observations on the natural 
productions of the neighbouring coast, 
1856, 92. 

on the anatomy of the brain in some 

small quadrupeds, 1858, 123. 

on the coal strata of North Stafford- 
shire, with reference particularly to their 
organic remains, 1859, 103. 

on reproduction in Gasteropoda, and 

on some curious effects of endosmosis, 

1859, 162. 

on certain alterations in the medulla 

oblongata in cases of paralysis, 1860, 129. 

on the structure of the Lepadidas, 

1860, 130. 

Garnett (J.) on a new day and night tele- 
graph, 1838, 159. 
Garrett (R.) on improvements made in the 

harbour of Belfast, 1852, 126. 
Garrod (Dr. A. B.), the specific, chemical, 

and microscopical phenomena of gouty 

inflammation, 1859, 165. 
*Gartland (W.) on criteria for real and 

imaginary roots of biquadratic equations, 

1852, 2. 
Gaskell (D.) on the want of educational 

establishments adapted to persons of a 

feeble or imperfect mental organization, 

1847, 97. 
Gaskoin (Mr.), pathological collection of 

shells, 1860, 116. 
*Gason (Dr. J.), climatological notes on 

Pisa and Lucca, 1852, no. 
*Gassiot (J. P.), repetition of experiment 

on the production of electricity without 

contact, 1844, 39. 

on the electricity of tension in the 

voltaic battery, 1846, 47. 

on a peculiar form produced in a 

diamond when under the influence of the 
voltaic arc, 1850, 53. 

on the decomposition of water under 

pressure, by the galvanic battery, 1853, 

39- 

on the heating effects of secondary 

currents, 1854, 68. 

on induced electrical discharges taken 

in aqueous vapour, 1858, 25. 
— — on the phosphorescent appearance of 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



133 



electrical discharges in a vacuum made 
in flint and potash glass, 1858, 26. 

GrASSiOT (J. P.) on electrical discharges as 
observed in highly rarefied carbonic acid 
in contact with potash, 1858, 50. 

on the stratified electrical discharge, 

as affected by a moveable glass ball, 1859, 
II. 

G-ASTALDi (B.), parallel between the super- 
ficial deposits of the basin of Switzerland 
and those of the valley of the Po in Pied- 
mont, 1850, 90. 

Gazari (Prof.) on a method of detecting the 
traces of writing which has been fraudu- 
lently erased, 1831-32, 90. 

*GrEARY (S.) on a new method of forming 
fuel, 1839, 132. 

Geikik (A.) on the chronology of the trap 
rocks of Scotland, 1859, 106. 

Geinitz (Dr.) on the Silurian formation in 
the district of Wilsdruff, 1860, 79. 

^ on snow-crystals, 18G0, 79. 

Geldart (Rev. G. C), language no test of 
race, 1858, 150. 

*GeMiAiel (Rev. J.) on the deciphering of 
inscriptions on two seals, found by Mr. 
Layard at Koyunjik, 1855, 145. 

Geogiiegan (Prof.) on a method of testing 
the presence of muriatic acid in hydro- 
cyanic acid, 1835, 45. 

*Gerard (A.), experimental illustration of 
the gyroscope, 1859, 235. 

GiBB (A.) on the granite quarries of Aber- 
deen and Kincardineshire, 1859, 235. 

GiBB (Dr. G. D.) on Canadian caverns, 1859, 
106. 

on saccharine fermentation within the 

female breast, 1860, 131. 

GiBBEs (Sir G.) on the constitution of 
matter, 1844, 41. 

Gibson (Mr.) on a machine intended to 
prevent accidents in mines, 1854, 150. 

Gibson (W. S.) on some basaltic formations 
in Northumberland, 1859, 106. 

GiLBART (J. W.) on the laws of the currency 
in Ireland, 1852, 115. 

• on the laws of the currency, as ex- 
emplified in the circulation of country 
bank notes in England since the passing 
of the Act of 1844, 1854, 136. 

on the laws of the currency in Scot- 
land, 1855, 166. 

on the family principle in London 

banking, 1856, 143. 

Gilbert (Mrs. Davies) on small allotments 

and spade husbandry, 1841, 98. 
on the advantages arising from spade 

husbandry and agricultural education, 

1842, 00. 
* on the progress of the Willingdon 

Agricultural School, 1843, 94. 

on agricultural schools near East- 
bourne, 1844, 87. 

Gilbert (Dr. J. H.) on agricultural che- 
mistry, especially in relation to the mi- 
neral theory of JBaron Liebig, 1851, 45. 



^Gilbert (Dr. J. H.) on the equivalency 
of starch and sugar in food, 1854, 70. 

on the amounts of, and methods of 

estimating, ammonia and nitric acid in 
rain-water, 1854, 70, 164. 

on some points connected with agri- 
cultural chemistry, 1856, 172. 

on the composition of wheat grain, and 

its products, 1856, 173. 

on the assimilation of nitrogen by 

plants, 1857, 51. 

■ on the annual yield of nitrogen per 

acre in different crops, 1858, 52. 
on the effects of different manures on 

the composition of the mixed herbage of 

meadow-land, 1859, 70. 
* on the composition of the ash of 

wheat, 1860, 70. 
Gilbertson (W.)on marine shells of recent 

species at considerable elevations near 

Preston, 1834, 654. 
Giles (J. V.), description of a Samoied 

family seen at Archangel, 1852, 84. 
*GiLL (E. W.) on naval architecture, 1831- 

32, 608. 
^GiSBORNE and Forde (Messrs.) on a ship 

canal through the isthmus of Central Ame- 
rica, 1852, no. 
Gladstone (G.) on a remarkable deposit of 

carbonate of lime about fossils in the 

lower lias of Dorsetshire, 1858, 51. 
Gladstone (Dr. J. H. and Mr. G.) on the 

growth of plants in abnormal atmospheres, 

1850,54. 
Gladstone (Dr. J. H.) on the compoxmds 

of the halogens with phosphorus, 1849, 

38. 
on a sample of blood containing fat, 

1851, 77. 
■ on the spontaneous decomposition of 

xyloidine, 1853, 41. 
on the corrosion of iron-built ships by 

sugar cargoes, 1853, 41. 
on a method of analysis applicable to 

the quantitative estimation of nitric and 

acetic acids, 1854, 68. 
^ on the fluorescence exliibited by cer- 
tain iron and platinum salts, 1854, 68. 
on a crystalline deposit of gypsum in 

the reservoir of the Highgate waterworks, 

1855, 63. 

on the colour of salts in solution, 

each constituent of which is coloured, 
1857, 8. 

on the effects of heat on the colour of 

dissolved salts, 1857, 8. 
on explosive potassium, 1857, 47 ; on 

froth, 48. 
on the use of the prism in detecting 

impurities, 1857, 48. 
on the decomposition by heat of certain 

ammoniacal salts, 1857, 48. 
on fossils from the coast of Barbary, 

1857, 67. 

on some optical properties of phos- 
phorus, 1858, 15. 



134 



SECTIONS, — INDEX OP AUTHORS, 



GLADSTONE (Dr. J. H.) on the fixed lines of 
the solar spectrum, 1858, 17. 

on reciprocal decomposition between 

salts and their acid solrents, 1858, 50. 

on the relation between refractive index 

and volume among liquids, 1859, 12. 

on the fluorescence and phosphores- 
cence of diamonds, 1859, 69. 

on photographs of fluorescent sub- 
stances, 1859, 69. 

on his own perception of colours, 

1860, 12. 

on the chromatic properties of the 

electric light of mercury, 1860, 13. 

, chemical notes, 1860, 69. 

Gladstone (T. M.) on malleable iron for 
beams or girders, 1852, 126. 

Glaisher (J.), photogenic drawings of snow 
crystals, 1854, 30. 

Glennib (J. S. S.) on a general mechanical 
theory of physics, 1859, 58. 

• on physics as a branch of the science 

of motion, 1860, 56, 

on a general law of rotation applied to 

the planets, 1860, 58. 

*Glover (G.) on foreign bodies in the oeso- 
phagus, 1840, 155. 

Glover (R. M.) on the functions of the rete 
macosum and pigmentum nigrum, in the 
dark races of mankind, 1838, 125. 

Glover (Dr. R. W.) on preparing hydro- 
bromic and hydriodic acids, 1840, 75. 

on the physiological and medicinal 

action of bromine and its compoimds, 
1840, 157. 

Glyde (J., jun.) on the localities of crime 

in Suffolk, 1855, 167. 
Glynn (J.) on the waterworks of JNew- 

castle-upon-Tyne, 1838, 164. 
on the appHcation of steam power to 

the drainage of marshes and fen lands, 

1848, 117. 

on the economy of water power, 1858, 

212 

GoADBY (A.) on the conservation of sub- 
stances, 1844, 69. 

on Fizeau's process of etching Daguer- 
reotype plates, and its application to ob- 
jects of natural history, 1845, 76. 

GoDDABD (J. F.) on the use of the oxy- 
hydrogen microscope in exhibiting the 
phenomena of polarization, 1839, 8. 

GoDDARD (J. T.) on an improved anemo- 
meter, 1844, 23. 

* on a new anemometer, 1845, 18. 

Godwin (J.) on an improved cast-iron 
sleeper for railways, 1852, 127. 

GoDWiN-AusTEN (RoBERT A. C.) on geolo- 
gical evidence and inferences, 1838, 93. 

on the organic remains of the lime- 
stones and slates of South Devon, 1839, 
69. 

« on the geology of the Channel Islands, 

1849, 49. 

on some changes in the male flowers 

of forty days' maize, 1849, 68. 



Godwin- Austen (Robert A. C) on a series 

of morphological changes observed in 

Trifolium repens, 1849, 68. 

on recent changes of sea-level, 1850, 71. 

on the occurrence of a boulder of 

granite in the white chalk of the south- 
east of England, 1857, 62. 
*GoLD (Col. C.) on telegrapliic or signal 

communications in foggy weather, &c., 

1837, 38. 
Goocii (T. L.), account of a toad found 

alive imbedded in a mass of new red 

sandstone, 1835, 72. 
Goodman (J.) on the theory of magnetism, 

1842, 17. ^ y ^ > 
on the cause of dissimilarity of the 

voltaic and ordinary electricities, 1842, 18. 
' on the analogy of the existences or 

forces, light, heat, voltaic and ordinary 

electricities, 1844, 11, 
— — - on a voltaic battery of the highest 

powers in which potassium forms the 

positive element, 1847, 50. 
on the physiological condition of the 

blood in erysipelas, and probably in 

some other cases of inflammation, 1847, 

94. 

on the identity of the existences or 

forces of light, heat, electricity, magnetism, 
and gravitation, 1848, 53. 

GooDSiR (Harry D. S.) on the structure 
and development of the cystic entozoa, 
1844, 67. 

— — on the reproduction of lost parts in 
the Crustacea, 1844, 68. 

on the organs of generation in the 

decapodous Crustacea, 1844, 69. 

GooDSiR(Prof. J.) on the human teeth, 1838, 
121. 

zoological researches in Orkney and 

Shetland, 1839, 79. 

on the follicular stage of dentition in 

the ruminants and other orders of mam- 
malia, 1839, 82. 

on the Ciliograda of the British seas, 

1839, 85 ; 1840, 141. 

on Pelonaia, a new genus of ascidian 

moUusca, 1840, 137. 

* on the morphological constitution of 

limbs, 1856, 93. 

* on the morphological constitution of 

the skeleton of the vertebrate head, 1856, 
93- 

* on the morphological relations of the 

nervous system in the annulose and verte- 
brate types of organization, 1856, 93. 

GopPERT (Prof.), tabular view of fossil plants, 
1845,48. 

on the origin of the coal of Silesia, 

1846, 50. 

GoppiNG (Dr.) on the formation of coal, &c., 

1847, 66. 

Gordon (A.) on the polyzonal lens, 1834, 

595- 
Gordon (Mr.) on the * New Statistical Ac- 
coimt of Scotland,* 1834, 692. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



135 



*G-ORDON (Mr.), anatomical model of the 
human body, carved in ivory, 1836, 125. 

Gordon (Prof.) on the turbine water-wheel, 
1840, 191. 

*GI-ORE (G-.), apparatus showing the corre- 
lation of forces, and heating effects, by 
mechanical operations, on a peculiar form 
of antimony, 1858, 26. 

Gorman (W.) on a momentum engine, 
1855, 206. 

on a pressure water-meter, 1855, 207. 

GossAGE (Mr.) on a new rotatory steam- 
engine, 1839, 129. 

Gould (J.) on the Trogonidae, 1837, 97. 

, a monograph of the subfamily Odon- 

tophorin£e, or partridges of America, 1844, 
61. 

* , notice of new species of himiming- 

birds from the Andes, 1846, 79. 

on a new species of Cometes, a genus 

of humming-birds, 1853, 68. 

on new pheasants introduced into 

England, 1859, 148. 

, notice of several species of birds of 
paradise, 1859, 148. 

* on some new species of birds, 1859, 

149. 

GowER (Mr.) on the boiler of the steam- 
packet ' Vesta,' the bottom of which is co- 
vered with mercury, 1836, 131. 

Graham (A.) on Donati's comet, 1858, 28. 

*Graham (Mr.) on a method of approxi- 
mating to the value of the roots of nu- 
merical equations, 1840, 54. 

Graham (Thomas) on the theory of the vol- 
taic circle, 1839, 29. 

on hydrated salts and metallic per- 
oxides, and on the doctrine of isomerism, 

1834, 579. 

on certain compounds with water, 

1835, 45. 

- on safety-lamps, 1835, 56. 

* on some thermo-chemical researches, 

1842, 40. 

on a new property of gases, 1845, 28. 

on liquid diffusion, 1851, 47. 

on the principle of the endosmose of 

liquids, 1852, 36. 

on the concentration of alcohol in 

. Sommering's experiments, 1854, 69. 

* on the molecular movements of fluids, 

1859, 259. 

Grainger (J.) on the shells found in the 
alluvial deposits of Belfast, 1852, 43. 

Grantham (J.) on a plan of disengaging 
and reconnecting the paddle-wheels of 
steam-engines, 1841, 102. 

on Cunningham's plan for reefing top- 
sails, 1854, 150. 

• on Fisher's Venetian screw-propeller, 

1854, 151. 

on a high-level railway for the Liver- 
pool docks, 1854, 151. 

Granville (Dr.) on an improved stetho- 
scope, 1838, 129. 

*Grattan (J.) on some skulls discovered in 



an ancient sepulchral mound near Mount 
Wilson in King's County, Ireland, 1857, 
131. 

Grattan (J.), notes upon a collection of Irish 
crania, 1852, 84. 

Graves (Eev. Prof. C.) on triplets, 1845, 
2. 

^Graves (Eev. Prof.) on the interpretation 
of certain symbolic formulae and exten- 
sions of Taylor's theorem, 1857, 3. 

on the progress made in the trans- 
cription and translation of the ancient 
laws of Ireland, called the Brehon laws, 
1857, 131. 

on the identification of the river Dur, 

mentioned by Ptolemy in his description 
of Ireland, with the Kenmare river, 1857, 
132. 

* on the arrangement of the forts and 

dwelling-places of the ancient Irish, 1860, 
156. 

Graves (C.) on a general geometric me- 
thod, 1838, I. 

Graves (J. T.) on the theory of exponen- 
tial functions, 1834, 523. 

on the polyhedron of forces, 1866, i. 

on the congruence nx^n+1 (mod »), 

1856, I. 

Graves (Dr. E. J.) on the use of chloride 
of soda in fever, 1835, 104. 

Gravier (Coulvier) on shooting-stars, 1845, 
20. 

*Gray (Sir C.) on Asiatic cholera, 1860, 
132. 

Gray (J.) on the causes of the great Ver- 
sailles railway accident, 1844, 97. 

* on iron bars, 1844, 98. 

Gray (Mr.) on a mechanically adjusted 
compass, 1854, 151. 

Gray (Dr. J. E.), notice of some rare and 
interesting mammalia in the Eoyal In- 
stitution, Liverpool, 1837, 99. 

, notice of new land shells in the Eoyal 

Institution, Liverpool, 1837, 100. 

, notice of Sir E. Schomburgk's disco- 
very of the Victoria regina, 1837, 100. 

on the angular lines on shells of cer- 
tain moUusca, 1838, iii. 

on Neara, a new British shell, 1838, 

no. 

on the boring of Pholades, 1838, in. 

on the wombat, 1838, in. 

on the geographical distribution of the 

animals of New Holland, 1841, 68. 

on a new glirine animal from Mexico, 

1841, 70. 

Gray (Dr.) on a new railway signal, 1857, 
185. 

Gray (W.), report of experunents on the 
quantities of rain falling at difierent ele- 
vations, at York, 1833, 401. 

, second report on the quantities of rain 

falling at different elevations above the 
surface of the groimd at York, 1834, 560. 

on a concentric iris, as seen from the 

ridge of Snowdon, 1853, 26. 



136 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHOES. 



Green (B.) on an improved principle in 
the construction of timber bridges, 1808, 
150. 

*Grben (Dr.) on Nasmylh's steam pile- 
driver, 1844, 98. 

*Q-REENE (Dr.) on a property of alcohol, 
1847, 57. 

Greene (Prof. J. E.) on Eritish naked-ej^d 
Medusce, with notices of seven undescribed 
forms, 1857, 103. 

on embryology, with reference to the 

mutual relations of the subkingdoms of 
animals, 18G0, 132. 

^Greene (Dr. R.) on polishing the specula 
of telescopes, 1843, 1 1. 

on Nasmyth's steam-hammer for pile- 
driving, 1845, 92. 

— — on a portable equatorial stand for 
telescopes without polar axis, 1846, 8. 

■ on a machine for polishing specula, 

1855, II. 

• on a machine for polishing specula for 
reflecting telescopes and lenses, 1856, 24. 

* on a new railway break, invented by 

M. Sisco, of Paris, 1856, 162. 

* on a method of uniting iron with iron 

or other metals without welding, invented 
by M. Sisco, of Paris, 1856, 162. 

Greener ( W.) on the construction of steam- 
boilers, 1838, 162. 

on the manufacture of the liner 

irons and steels as applied to gun- 
barrels, swords, and railway axles, 1849, 
115. 

Greenhow (H. M.) on the people of Oude, 

and on their leading characteristics, 1858, 

151. 
Greenhow (T. M.) on the beneficial effects 

of mercurial action rapidly induced, 1838, 

124. 
— — on a sling bed for the treatment of 

fractures, 1838, 130. 

— on an air-duct to be used in glass 
furnaces for the prevention of smoke, 
1844, 35. 

Greenock (Lord) on the coal-fields of Scot- 
land, 1834, 639. 
* , notice of the discovery of lead on 

the borders of Galloway and Ayrshire, 

1840, 97. 
Greenougii (G. B.) on the geology of India, 

1854, 83. 
Greeves (A. F. A.) on the gyration of the 

heart, 1836, 120. 
Greg (R. P.) on meteorolites and asteroids, 

1854, 19. 
Greg (W. E..) on the social statistics of the 

Netherlands, 1835, 125. 
— — on statistical desiderata, 1836, 151. 

• on the state of the working classes in 
Rutlandshire, 1839, 112. 

Gregory (Prof. W.), abstract of Dr. Reich- 
enbach's discoveries in destructive distil- 
lation, 1834, 591. 

, notice of Prof. Liebig's new process 

for preparing murexide, 1840, 74. 



Gregory (Prof W.) on the preparation of 
alloxan, alloxantine, thion urate of am- 
monia, uramile, and mm*exide, 1840, 74. 

on the pre-existence of m'ea in uric 

acid, 1840, 73. 

on the sulpliitc of lead, 1850, 55. 

on new forms of Diatomaccac from the 

Firth of Clyde, 1856, 83. 

*Grellet (Mr.) on an instrument for draw- 
ing circles in perspective, 1841, 42. 

Grewe (J. II,), experiment with the ther- 
mometer on the mountain Storvando- 
fjold, 1844, 27. 

, observations of the aurora borealis 

during the year 1845, at Alton, 1846, 
12. 

, meteorological observations made at 

Alton, 1846, 12 ; 1848, 32. 

meteorological observations made at 

Kaa:Qord, in Western Finmark, 1849, 18 ; 
1850, 36. 

*Grey (Sir C.) on the longitude, 1859, 34, 

Griffin (J. J.) on a new method of crystal- 
lographic notation, 1840, 88. 

Griffith (Sir R.) on the geological map of 
Ireland, 1835, 56. 

on the leading features of the geology 

of Ireland, and particularly the carboni- 
ferous or moimtain-limestone district, 
1837, 88. 

on the geological structure of the 

south of Ireland, 1838, 81. 

■ on the yellow sandstone and other 

points of the geology of Ireland, 1840, 
no. 

on the fossils discovered in the car- 
boniferous or mountain limestone of Ire- 
land, 1842, 51. 

— — on the distribution of erratic blocks 
in Ireland, and particularly tliose of the 
north coasts of the counties of Sligo and 
Mayo, 1843, 40. 

on the lower portion of the carbonife- 
rous limestone series of Ireland, 1843, 42. 

on the old red sandstone, or Devonian 

and Silurian districts of Ireland, 1843, 
46. 

on the occurrence of a bed of sand 

containing recent marine shells, on the 
summit of a granite hill on the coast of 
the county of Mayo, 1843, 50. 

on certain Silurian districts of Ireland, 

1844, 46. 

on the lower members of the car- 
boniferous series of Ireland, 1852, 46. 

on the geology of Ireland, 1852, 47. 

on the relations of the rocks at or be- 
low the base of the carboniferous series 
of Ireland, 1857, 66. 

Grime (Mr.) on wrought-iron wheels for 
locomotive engines, 1840, 212. 

on Dennett's rockets for preserving 

lives from shipwreck, 1840, 214. 

*Grollet (J. P.) on a process for prevent- 
ing the deleterious effects of dry grinding, 
1843, 102. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



137 



Q-KOOBY (J.) on the moon's atmosphere, 
1847, 8. 

Groshaus (Dr.) on the supposed antago- 
nism between consumption and ague, 
1847, 94. 

GiiovE (W. E.) on a small voltaic battery 
of extraordinary energy, 1839, 36. 

on photography, 18^14, 37. 

on the gas voltaic battery, 1845, 

3°' . . . . 
on tlie decomposition of water into its 

constituent gases by heat, 1846,48. 

on the quantity of electrolysis as af- 
fected by the extent of tlie sectional area 
of the electrolyte, 1847, 52. 

on the peculiar cooling cifects of hy- 
drogen and its compounds in cases of 
voltaic ignition, 1848, 54. 

■ on the conduction of electricity by 

flame and gases, 1853, 42. 

on the stratified appearance of the 

electrical discharge, 1856, 10. 

' on the influence of light on polarized 

electrodes, 1858, 17. 

on the transmission of electrolysis 

across glass, 1860, 69. 

Grover (Eev. H. M.) on an orbital motion 
of the magnetic pole round the north pole 
of the earth, 1849, 8. 

Grubb (T.) on improvements in the optical 
details of reflecting telescopes and equa- 
torial instruments, 1857, 8. 

GuERixV (M.) on the Georama as a method 
of teaching geography, 1846, 73. 

GuKRRY (M.) on the criminal statistics of 
England and France, 1851, 100. 

GuLLiNE (Mr.) on safety-valves for steam- 
boilers, 1840, 213. 

GuNN (Eev. J.), notice of the remains of the 
fossil elephant, 1851, 58. 

GuRNEY (G.) on the possibility of fire from 
the use of hot water in warming build- 
ings, and of explosions in steam-engine 
boilers, 1841, 49. 

*GuTCii (W. G.), notice of certain barome- 
ters invented by Mr. Bursill, 1841, 42. 

GiiTERBOCK (Dr.) on instruments made from 
softened ivory, 1839, 109. 

^Guthrie (Dr.), reports from the laboratory 
at Marburg, 1859, 68. 

Guy (Dr.) on the duration of life in the 
several professions, 1846, 99. 

Guy (W. a.) on the fluctuations in the 
number of births, deaths, and marriages, 
and in the number of deaths from special 
causes, in the metropolis, during fifteen 
years, 1855, 167. 

Habershon (G. F.), notes from the Barbary 

coast, with fossils, 1857, 67. 
Haepfely (Ed.) on the compotmds of tin 

with arsenic, 1855, 64. 
Haidinger (Prof.) on the mineralogieal 

and geological museum of the Imperial 

Mining Department of Yienna, 1842, 

39- 



Haidinger (Prof.) on the optical properties 
of cadmacetite, 1855, 11. 

Hailstone (Eev. J.) on a peculiar oscilla- 
tion of the barometer, 1834, 569. 

Haines (Dr. C. Y.) on some beds of lime- 
stone in the valley of Cork, 1843, 51. 

^IIakb (Dr. T. G.) on a new apparatus for 
supplying Avarm air to the lungs^^ 1851, 83. 

Haliday (A. H.), zoology of Lough Neagh 
compared with that of the Lake of Geneva, 
1846, 84. 

Hall (Mr. ) on a machine for raising water 
by an hydraulic belt, 1838, 158. 

Hall (Dr.) on the sensibilities of the cere- 
bral nerves, 1834, 676. 

Hall (Elias) on his mineral map of Derby- 
shire, 1837, 91. 

* on the geology of Derbyshire and 

neighbouring counties, 1842, 58. 

* , maps and sections of Derbyshire, and 

the Lancashire coal-field, 1843, 64. 

on the Midland coal formations of 

England, 1844, 46. 

* on the toadstones of Derbyshire, 

1845, 56. 

Hall (G. W.), on the connexion of the 
weather with the tide, 1836, 41. 

on accelerating the growth of wheat, 

1836, 106 ; 1839, 86. 

on improvements in agriculture, 1837, 

139- 

on the promotion of vegetable growth, 

1842, 64. 

on the differences of the quality of the 

milk of cows for the difierent purposes of 
milk and cheese, 1842, 99, 

Hall (Dr. M.) on the sensibility of the 
glosso-pharyngeal nerve, 1836, 125. 

*Hall (Capt. W.), proposed new route be- 
tween the Atlantic and Pacific by the 
Eiver Maule in Chili, 1853, 82. 

Hall (W.) on a process for covering sub- 
marine wires with india-rubber, 1860, 211. 

*Halswell (E.) on the proportions between 
the numbers of accusations and convic- 
tions in the metropolitan district, 1835, 
124. 

Ham ( J.) on the mud deposited by the tidal 
waters of the Severn, Usk, and Avon, 

1837, 76. 

^Hamilton (Mr.), method by which the 
resistance caused by the pressure of the 
wind against the valves of the organ can 
be overcome, 1839, 131. 

Hamilton (A. H.) on electric currents in 
the earth's surface, 1857, 48. 

Hamilton (0. W.) on a yew found in a bog, 
1835, 76. 

, notice of the nut of the Palo de Vaca, 

and of the wax-tree of Guiana, 1835, 
78. 

Hamilton (G.) on the results of experi- 
ments on the preservation of fresh meat, 
1854, 69. 

Hamilton (Dr. M.) on earthquakes on the 
west coast of South America, 1840, 123. 



m 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Hamilton (Dr. M.) on earthquakes in South 
America, 1850, 82. 

on tlie Lobos Islands, 1852, 75. 

on the lake Aulaga, and its drainage in 

the desert of Caranjas, in Bolivia, 1854, 
120. 

♦Hamilton (W. J.) on Prof. Savi's work on 
the phenomena obserred during the earth- 
quakes in Tuscany, 1847, 63. 

Hamilton (Sir W. R.) on a view of mathe- 
matical optics, 1831-32, 545. 

, notice of J. MacCullagh's memoir on 

the attractions of spheroids. Prof. All- 
man's memoir on numeral evolution, and 
of liis own theorem respecting differences 
and differentials of functions of zero, 
1831-32, 545. 

on a characteristic function in optics, 

1833, 360. 

■ on the application to dynamics of a 
general mathematical method previously 
appHed to optics, 1834, 513. 

— — on conjugate functions, or algebraic 
couples, as tending to illustrate the doc- 
trine of imaginary quantities, 1834, 519. 

on a new theory of logologues ; also, 

new theory of varying orbits, 1835, 7. 

on the calculus of principal relations, 

1836, 4, 41. 

— — , exposition of the argument of Abel 
respecting equations of the fifth degree, 

1837, I. 

* , new applications of the calculus of 

principal relations, 1837, i. 

* -, exposition of Mr. Turner's theorem 

of odd numbers, and the cubes and other 
powers of natural numbers, 1837, i. 

on the propagation of light in vacuo, 

1838, 2. 

■ on the propagation of light in crystals, 

1838, 6. 

* on a mode of expressing fluctuating 

or arbitrary functions by mathematical 
formuloD, 1842, 10. 

— — on a theorem in J;he calculus of differ- 
ences, 1843, 2. 

* on some investigations connected 

with the calculus of probabilities, 1843, 

3- 

. on some investigations connected with 

equations of the fifth degree, 1843, 4. 
— — on a theory of quaternions, 1844, 2. 
* , exposition of a system of quaternions, 

1845, 3. 
* on an isoperimetrical problem treated 

by the calculus of quaternions, 1847, 4. 
* on some applications of the calculus 

of quaternions to the theory of the moon, 

1847,4- 

* on some new applications of quater- 
nions to geometry, 1849, i. 

* on polyzones inscribed on a surface 

of the second order, 1850, 2. 

— — on bi quaternions, 1852, 2. 

on an extension of quaternions, 1864, 

X. 



♦Hamilton (Sir W. R.) on the conception 
of the anharmonic quaternion, and on its 
application to the theory of involution in 
space, 1855, 7. 

♦ on some applications of quaternions 

to cones of the third degree, 1857, 3. 

on the Icosian calculus, 1857, 3. 

on an application of quaternions to 

the geometry of Fresnel's wave-surface, 
1859, 248. 

Hancock (A.) on some new species of Mol- 
lusca nudibranchiata, with observations 
on the structure and development of the 
animals of that order, 1843, 73. 

on Pterochilus, a new genus of nudi- 

branchiate mollusca, and two new species 
of Doris, 1844, 66. 

on a new genus (Dendronotus) of mol- 
lusca nudibranchiata, 1845, 65. 

on some new and rare British species 

of naked Mollusca, 1846, 83. 

on British Mollusca, with descriptions 

of new species, 1847, 73. 

on the anatomy of Scyllsea, 1847, 77. 

* on the boring of Mollusca into rocks, 

1848, 125. 

on the anatomy of Doris, 1850, 124. 

on two new species of nudibranchiate 

mollusca (Thecacera virescens and Oi- 
thona nobilis), and a new genus (Oitho- 
na), 1851, 74. 

on the branchial currents of Pholas 

and Mya, 1851, 74. 

on the anatomy of the Brachiopoda, 

1856, 94. 

on certain vermiform fossils found in 

the mountain-limestone districts of the 
north of England, 1858, 80. 

Hancock (Dr. J.) on the manati of Guiana, 
1836, 98. 

— - on a new and scandent species of the 
Norantia, or Ascium of Gruiana, 1836, 
104. 

on the disease called Cocoba; by the 

Africans, or Arabian leprosy, the Ara- 
patta of the Caribes of Guiana, and 
the Radesvge of Northern Europe, 1837, 
128. 

Hancock (John) on the Greenland and Ice- 
land falcons, 1838, 106. 

Hancock (Prof. W. N.) on the variations 
in the supply of silver coin in Ireland 
during the operations for the rehef of dis- 
tress in 1846-47, 1847, 97. 

on a form of table for collecting re- 
turns of prices in Ireland, 1849, 92. 

on the use to be made of the Ordnance 

Survey in the registration of judgments 
and deeds in Ireland, 1849, 93. 

, the usury laws — statistics of pawn- 
broking, 1849, 93. 

on the discovery of gold in California, 

1849, 94. 

, statistics respecting the sale of en- 
cumbered estates in Ireland, 1850, 148. 
on the causes of distress at Skull and 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



139 



Skibbereen during the famine in Ireland, 
1850, 149. 
Hancock (Prof. W. N.) on the cost of ob- 
taining patents in different countries, 

1850, 149. 

on the prospects of the beet-sugar 

manufacture in the United Kingdom, 

1851, loi. 

on the duties of the public in respect 

to charitable savings-banks, 1851, 103. 

, should boards of guardians endeavour 

to make pauper labour self-supporting, or 
should they investigate the causes of pau- 
perism ?, 1851, 104. 

, an investigation into the question, Is 

there really a want of capital in Ireland ?, 
1851, 106. 

, should our gold standard of value be 

maintained if gold becomes depreciated 
in consequence of its discovery in Austra- 
lia and California ?, 1852, 116. 

, are there any impediments to the 

competition of free labour with slave la- 
bour in the West Indies ?, 1852, 117. 

*■ , the definition of income in economic 

science compared with the existing taxes 
on income, 1856, 144. 

Handyside (Dr. P. D.) on the offices of lac- 
teals, lymphatics, and veins in the func- 
tion of absorption, 1835, 92. 

on the Sternoptixinere, 1838, no. 

Hannah (Dr.) on the treatment of pertussis 
by cold washing of the chest, 1840, 158. 

Hanson (Eev. A. W.) on the G-ha nation of 
the Gold coast of Africa, 1849, 85. 

*Harcourt (A. V.) on the oxidation of 
potassium and sodium, 1860, 70. 

Harcourt (Eev. W. V.) on an oil-gas lamp, 
1831-32, 88. 

on the effects of long-continued heat on 

mineral and organic substances, 1834, 576. 

on observations upon the dew-point, 

1835, 54. 

Harding (Major) on the discovery of fossils 
on Great Hangman HiU, North Devon, 
1841, 64. 

*Harding (W.) on the progress of the rail- 
way system of Great Britain, 1848, 105. 

Hardy (J.) on an Acarus and a Vibrio that 
attack grasses, 1850, 124. 

Hare (Mr.) on statistical inquiries, 1838, 
177. 

Hare (Dr.) on the chemical nomenclature 
of Berzelius, 1836, 44. 

on a calorimeter for producing igni- 
tion at a distance, 1836, 45. 

on volumeters, 1836, 46. 

on the aqueous sliding-rod hydrogen 

eudiometer, 1836, 46. 

on fusing platina, 1837, 41. 

, chemical experiments, 1838, 39. 

on the preparations of barium and 

strontium, 1839, 36. 

Hare (S.) on the curvature of the spine, 
1837, 114. 

*HARGRAVi5 (Mr. Commissioner) on infinite 



angles, and on the principle of mean 
values, 1857, 3. 

Harkness (Prof. R.) on the position of the 
footsteps in the Bunter sandstone of 
Dumfries-shire, 1850, 83. 

on the representatives of the mountain 

limestone as they occur in Dumfries- 
shire, 1850, 84. 

on the fossil remains of the lower 

Silurians of the south of Scotland, and 
their position, 1852, 48. 

on \he occurrence of graphite at Al- 

morness Head, Kirkcudbrightshire, 1852, 

on crustacean impressions from the 

Trias of Dumfries- shire, 1854, S6. 

on the anthracite deposits and vege- 
table remains occurring in the lower Si- 
lurians of the south of Scotland, 1854, 
86. 

on mineral charcoal, 1854, 86. 

on annelid tracks from the repre- 
sentatives of the millstone grits in the 
county of Clare, 1854, 86. 

on the cleavage of the Devonians of 

the south of Ireland, 1855, 82; on the 
lowest sedimentary rocks of Scotland, 
1855, 82. 

on the geology of the Dingle pro- 
montory, Ireland, 1855, 83. 

on some new fossils from the ancient 

sedimentary rocks of Ireland and Scot- 
land, 1856, 65. 

on the lignites of the Giant's Cause- 
way and the Isle of Mull, 1856, 66. 

on the jointing of rocks, 1856, 65. 

on the geology of Caldbeck Fells, and 

the lower sedimentary rocks of Cumber- 
land, 1857, 67. 

on the records of a triassic shore, 

1857, 68. _ 

on the jointing and dolomitization of 

the lower carboniferous limestone in the 
neighbourhood of Cork, 1857, 68. 

^ on the distortion of fossils, 1858, 81. 

on the origin of the breccias of the 

southern portion of the valley of the Nith, 
Scotland, 1868, 81. 

on sections along the southern flanks 

of the Grampians, 1859, 109. 
on the yellow sandstones of Elgin and 

Lossiemouth, 1859, 109. 
on the metamorphic rocks of the north 

of Ireland, 1860, 79. 
Harlan (Dr. R.) on some new species of 

fossil saurians, 1833, 440. 
Harlby (Dr. G.), experiments on digestion, 

1858, 135. 

Harper (Mr.) on galvanic connexion, 1847, 

27. 
Harrington (G. F.) on the theory of light, 

1859, 12. 

Harris (Sir W. S.), notice of the establish- 
ment of a register of hourly observations 
of the thermometer in the dockyard, Ply- 
mouth, 1831-32, 59. * 



140 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Harris (Sir W. S.) on some facts illustrative 
of the effect of lightning conductors, 

< 1831-32, 568. 

— — on the method of employing vibrating 
magnets in the investigation of the mag- 
netic intensity of the earth, 1831-32, 560. 

on some new phenomena of electrical 

attraction, 1833,386. 

on the construction of a new wheel- 
barometer, 1833, 414. 

, application of the proof plane and 

torsion balance to electricity, 1835, 18. 

on an electrical balance, 1835, 17. 

on electrical attraction, 1835, 17. 

* , new electrometer, 1835, 56. 

on some phenomena of electrical re- 
pulsion, 1836, 19. 

, proceedings of the Meteorological 

Committee, 1837, 37. 

on Capt. Couch's chock channels, 

1841, 102. 

on the protection afforded by metallic 

conductors against heavy strokes of light- 
ning, 1847, 23. 

on the general nature and laws of 

electrical attraction, 1847, 23. 

on a general law of electrical discharge, 

1848, 19. 
on the law of electrical and magnetic 

force, 1856, 11. 

on electrical force, 1860, 28. 

Harrison (J. Park) on lunar influence on 

temperatm-e, 1858, 36. 
on the similarity of the ln.nar curves 

of minimum temperature at Grreenwich 

and Utrecht, 1860, 44. 
Harrison (Prof) on the entozoa found in 

the muscles of the human subject, 1835, 

84. 

on bones in the hearts of certain 

animals, 1835, 85. 

on the treatment of external aneurism 

by pressure, 1843, 80. 

, introductory remarks to the Physio- 
logical Subsection at Dublin, 1857, 109. 

Harrison (M.) on a self-registering ther- 
mometer, 1848, 14. 

Harrison (R.) on the Diatomaceaa found in 
the neighbourhood of Hull, 1853, 63. 

*Hart (A. S.) on the effect of the resistance 
of water to an extended cable, 1857, 180. 

Hart (Gr.) on gas carriages for lighting rail- 
way carriages with coal-gas instead of oil, 
1859, 235. 

Hart (W.) on an improved electric lamp, 
1858, 55. 

Hartland (F. D.) on Vesuvius and its 
eruptions, 1856, iii. 

* on the most ancient map of the 

world, from the Propaganda, Rome, 
1856, III. 

Hartley (J. B.) on preventing the corro- 
sion of cast and wrought iron immersed 
in salt water, 1837, 56. 

*Hartmann (Baron) on an oreographical 
map of Finland, 1851, 88. 



Hartnup (J.) on the variation in the rates 
of chronometers, 1854, 20. 

on controlling the movements of ordi- 
nary clocks by galvanic currents, 1857, 13. 

Hautoi' (Mr.) on the hot-air blast in the 
manufacture of pig iron, 1835, 52. 

on disturbances in the coal strata of 

Yorkshire in relation to existing valleys, 
1835, 61. 

Harvey (Dr.) on the Vertebrata of the 
county of Cork, 1843, 68. 

, proposal of resolution as a tribute of 

respect to the late Dr. R. Ball, 1857, 95. 

Harvey (A.) on the agricultural statistics 
of the county of Aberdeen, 1859, 210. 

Harvey (E. R.) on the mode of death by 
aconite, 1860, 133. 

Harvey (G.) on the geometrical analysis of 
the ancients having been cultivated in the 
northern counties of England, 1831-32, 58. 

, notice of the thermometrical obser- 
vations at Devonport, 1831-32, 579. 

• on naval architecture in Great Britain, 

1831-32, 607. 

Hastings (Marchioness of) on the fresh- 
water eocene beds of the Hordle Cliff, 
Hants, 1847, 63. 

on the fossils obtained from the fresh- 
water eocene beds of the Hordle Cliff, 
1847, 63 ; by Prof. Owen, 65. 

Haugiiton (Dr. E.) on the Oriental bath, 
1857, no. 

Haugiiton (Sir G. C.) on the antagonism 
of heat and electricity, and also of the 
singleness of the electric fluid, with some 
remarks on the nature of conduction and 
induction, 1847, 27. 

Haugiiton (Rev. Prof.) on a model illus- 
trative of slaty cleavage, 1857, 69. 

on fossil stems allied to Stigmaria, 

from the upper beds of the old red sand- 
stone of Hook Point, co. Wexford, 1857, 
69. 

Haugiiton (J.) on the necessity for the sup- 
pression of intemperance and drunken- 
ness, 1857, 161. 

Hawkes (W.) on the strength of iron after 
repeated meltings, 1854, 151. 

Hawkins (Mr.) on the principle of Saxton's 
locomotive differential pulley, 1835, 112. 

* , notice of Harrington's electrizer, 

1835, 106. 

on Cossham's improvement of Napier's 

rods, 1836, 132. 

Hawkins (J. I.) on the steel suspension- 
bridge built over an arm of the Danube 
at Vienna, 1831-32, 608. 

on the locomotive differential pulley, 

1833, 424. 

on the focal length of spectacles, 1837, 

132. 

on mechanical sculpture, 1837, 136. 

on methods of filtering water, 1838, 

163. 

on paving roads and streets with wood, 

1839, 127. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



141 



Hawkins (J. I.) on folding plates in books 
and maps for the pocket, 1839, 132. 

on the safety rotation railway, 1840, 

196. 

* on Mr. Bakewell's anglemeter, 1840, 

2 ID. 

. on the friction of water against water, 

1843, 99. 
— — on the formation of concrete, 1843, 

99- 

on a new oil for lubricating machinery, 

1843, 99. 

on the marine propeller invented about 

the year 1825 by Mr. Jacob Perkins, 
1843, 100. 

on the economy of artificial light for 

preserving sight, 1844, ico. 

Hawksiiaw (Mr.) on the fossil footsteps in 
the new red sandstone quarry at Lymm 
in Cheshire, 1842, 56. 

Hawthorn (Mr.) on an improved method 
of working the valves of a locomotive en- 
gine, 1838, 160. 

■ on certain improvements in locomo- 
tive and other engine boilers, 1840, 
211. 

Hay (Sir A. L.) on the vitrified forts on 
Noth and Dumiideer, Aberdeenshire, 

1859, 179. 

Hay (Dr. R.) on the geometrical basis of 
beauty, and more particularly as applied 
to architecture and the human form, 
1850, 131. 

Hayden (Prof) on the physiological rela- 
tions of albumen, 1857, no. 

Hayes (Dr. A. A.) on some modified results 
attending the decomposition of bitumi- 
nous coals by heat, 1857, 50. 

*Hayes (J. J.) on the mode of rendering 
peat economically available as a fuel, and 
as a source of illuminating gas, 1857, 
181. 

Hearder (J. N.) on Arnott's stove, and the 
construction of descending flues, and their 
application to the purposes of ventilation, 
1841, 105. 

Heath (Mr.) on the physical character, lan- 
guages, and manners of the people of the 
Navigators Islands, 1843, 67. 

Heaton (G-.) on the cause and prevention 
of the oscillation of locomotive engines 
on railways, 1849, 116. 

Heaton (Dr.), notice of a plant having on 
the same branches the leaves of two dis- 
tinct species of Cytisus, 1858, 115. 

Hector (Dr.) on the physical geogi-aphy of 
the south-western regions of British N. 
America, 1858, 153. 

* description of passes through the 

Eocky Mountains, 1859, 180. 

■ on the geology of Captain Palliser's 

Expedition in British North America, 

1860, 80. 

on the climate of the Saskatchewan 

district, in British North America, 1860, 
■ 172. 



Helmholtz (Prof.) on the mixture of homo- 
geneous colours, 1853, 5. 

Heming (Dr.) on a disease of the tongue, 
1844, 84. 

Henderson (A.) on ocean steamers and 
clipper ships, 1854, 1 52. 

* on the measurement of ships, 1855, 

207. 

on Indian river steamers and tow 

boats, 1859, 235. 

Henfrey (Prof. A.) on the development of 

vegetable cells, 1845, 68. 

on the development of cells, 1846, 90. 

on the anatomy of monocotyledonous 

stems, 1847, 83. 
on the development of pollen, 1848, 

84. 
■ on the development of the embryo of 

flowering plants, 1856, 85. 
Hennessy (Prof. H.) on apparatus for de- 
termining the distance of objects, 1843, 

102. 
on the distribution of shooting-stars 

in the interplanetary spaces, 1850, 24. 
on the connexion between geological 

theories and the theory of the figure of 

the earth, 1852, 21. 

on the researches of German geolo- 
gists, 1852, 51. 

on isothermal lines, 1856, 39; 1857, 

30- 
on the physical structure of the earth, 

1856, 26. 

on an instrument for observing verti- 
cal currents in the atmosphere, 1856, 40. 

on the relative distribution of land 

and water as affecting climate at different 
geological epochs, 1856, 66. 

on the homolographical maps of M. 

Babinet, 1856, 112. 
^ on the inundation of rivers, 1856, 

162. 

on the direction of gravity at the 

earth's surface, 1857, 24. 

on the solidification of fluids by pres- 
sure, 1857, 25. 

on simultaneous isothermal lines, 

1857, 29. 

on the vertical currents of the atmo- 
sphere, 1857, 30. 

on the distribution of heat over the 

surface of the British Isles, 1857, 30. 

on the existence of forces capable of 

changing the sea-level during different 

geological epochs, 1857, 69. 
on the influence of the Gulf-stream on 

the climate of Ireland, 1857, 132. 
on the decrease of temperature over 

elevated ground, 1858, 36. 
on the heating of the atmosphere by 

contact with the earth's surface, 1858, 36. 
on the figure of an imperfectly elastic 

fluid, 1859, 5. 
on mild winters in the British Isles, 

1859, 50. 
on studying the earth's internal struc- 



]t49 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



ture from phenomena observed at its 
surface, 1860, 35. 

Hennessy (Prof. H.) on the principles of 
meteorology, 18G0, 44. 

, suggestions relative to inland navi- 
gation, 1860, 211. 

Hennessy (J. P.) on the origin and elimi- 
nation of Euclid's " Eeductio ad absur- 
dum," 1857, 3. 

on certain pathological characters of 

the blood-corpuscles, 1857, 113. 

on agricultural and manufacturing in- 
dustry, 1857, 162. 

on Dr. Whewell's views respecting the 

nature and value of mathematical defi- 
nitions, 1858, 3. 

on some properties of a series of the 

powers of the same number, 1858, 4. 

on the causes of the fall in price of 

manufactured cottons, 1858, 178. 

on some of the results of the Society of 

Arts' Examinations, 1858, 180; 1859, 214. 

on the inclination of the planetary 

orbits, 1859, 34. 

* on some questions relating to the in- 
cidence of taxation, 1859, 216. 

* on certain properties of the powers of 

numbers, 1859, 248. 

Henry (Dr. C.) on gaseous interference, 

1836, 54. 

Henry (Prof), electrical researches by, 

1837,22. 
on canals and railways in America, 

1837, 135. 

on the heat of the solar spots, 1845, 

6. 

on the plan adopted by the Smith- 
sonian Institution for investigating the 
meteorology of North America, 1852, 26. 

Henry (Dr. W.) on the philosophical cha- 
racter of Dr. Priestley, 1831-32, 60. 

on the torrefaction of yellow copper 

pyrites, 1831-32, 78. 

Henslow (Rev. Prof.) on the geographical 
distribution of the plants of Cambridge- 
shire, 1831-32, 606. 

-^ — on crystals of sugar in Ehododendron 
ponticum, 1836, 106. 

on Cecidomyia tritici, 1841, 72. 

on nodules, apparently coprolitic, 

from the red crag, London clay, and 
greensand, 1845, 51. 

on a specimen of Papaver orientale, 

1845, 72. 
on detritus derived from the London 

clay and deposited in the red crag, 1847, 

64. 
-. , notice relative to the adornment of an 

African dress, 1854, 99. 
on the triticoidal forms of ^gilops, 

and on the specific identity of Centaurea 

nigra and C. nigrescens, 1856, 87. 

on the supposed germination of 

mummy wheat, 1860, no. 

*Henwood (Mr.) on naval architecture, 
183G, 130. 



Hen WOOD (W. J.) on the higher tempera- 
ture which prevails in the slate than in 
the granite of Cornwall, 1837, 36. 

on some intersections of veins in the 

Dolcoath and Huel Prudence mines, in 
Cornwall, 1837, 74. 

on the expansive action of steam in 

the Cornish pumping engines, 1837, 
129. 

Herapatii (J.) on the velocity of sound, 
1831-32, 559. 

Herapatii (W.) on the aurora borealis, 
1836, 32. 

on arsenical poisons, 1836, 67. 

on lithiate of ammonia as a secretion 

of insects, 1836, 70. 

, analysis of King's bath, Bath, 1836, 

70. 

on a new process for tanning, 1888, 71. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.) on the absorption 
of light by coloured media, 1833, 373. 

on the principle and construction of 

the actinometer, 1833, 379. 

on some results obtained by Prof. 

Eorbes on the diminution of the intensity 
of the solar rays in traversing the atmo- 
sphere, by means of the actinometer, 1833, 
380. 

on the vitreous humour of the eye of a 

shark, 1838, 15. 

, observations on stars and nebulic at 

the Cape of Good Hope, 1838, 17. 

on Ilalley's comet, 1838, 19. 

on a very remarkable property of the 

extreme red rays of the prismatic spec- 
trum, 1839, 9. 

on some coloured photographs, 1841, 

40. 

on a photographic process by which 

dormant pictures are produced capable 
of development by the breath, or by 
keeping in a moist atmosphere, 1843, 8. 

, contributions to actino-chemistry — on 

the amphitype, a new photograpliic pro- 
cess, 1844, 12. 

on a model of the globe of the moon 

in relief, 1845, 4. 

letter to, from Prof. Oersted, on the 

deviation of falling bodies from the per- 
pendicular, 1846, 2. 

, address as President to the Chemical 

Section, 1858, 41. 

Hess (Prof.) on an apparatus for the ana- 
lysis of organic substances, 1839, 57. 

Hetling (W.) on a new instrument for re- 
moving ligatures, 1836, 124. 

Heurteloup (le Baron) on a new method 
of administering chloroform, 1857, 51. 

Hewett (Capt.) on the rise and fall of tide 
in the middle of the North Sea, 1841, 32. 

Heywood (J.) on the geology of the coal 
district of South Lancashire, 1837, 77. 

— — on the education in the Polytechnic 
School at Paris, 1841, 96. 

on the comparative statistics of the 

Universities of Oxford and Cambridge in 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



143 



the 16th, 17th, and 19th centuries, 1842, 

*Hbywood (J.), abstractor the report of the 
French Minister of Public Instruction on 
the higher schools of France, 1843, 96. 

■ on the university statistics of Ger- 
many, 1845, 86. 

- on the comparatire number of degrees 
taken at Cambridge in the 17th and 19th 
centuries, 1845, 86. 

, Oxford University statistics, 1846, 98. 

on the revenues of the University and 

some of the Colleges of Oxford, 1852, 

118. 

on public service, academic, and 

teachers' examinations, 1858, 176. 

IIiBBERT (Dr.) on the ossiferous beds of the 
Forth, the Clyde, andthcTay, 1834, 642. 

, J). Page on the freshwater limestone 

of, 1855, 91. 

HiGGiN (J.) on the colouring matters of 
madder, 1848, 54. 

HiGGiNs (Eev. H. H.) on the death of the 
common hive bee, supposed to be occa- 
sioned by a parasitic fungus, 1858, 124. 

on the liability of shells to injury from 

the growth of a fungus, 1858, 128. 

on some specimens of shells from the 

Liverpool Museum, 1860, 116. 

HiGHLEY (S.) on the management of some 
difficult subjects in the application of 
photography to science, 1854, 69. 

on the means of applying photography 

to war purposes in the army and navy, 
1854, 70. 

• , Crystallogenesis, and the equivalent 

in the mineral kingdom corresponding to 
geographical distribution in the animal 
and vegetable kingdoms, 1856, 172. 

Hill (T. W.) on a system of numerical 
notation, 1845, 4. 

Hills (G-. M.) on the round towers of Ire- 
land, 1857, 133. 

HiNCKs (Eev. Dr. E.) on the language and 
mode of writing of the ancient Assy- 
rians, 1850, 140. 

on the ethnological bearing of the 

recent discoveries in connexion with the 
Assyrian inscriptions, 1852, 85. 

on the forms of the personal pro- 
nouns of the two first persons in the In- 
dian, Eiwopean, Syro-Arabic and Egyp- 
tian languages, 1852, 88. 

on certain ancient mines, 1852, 1 10. 

on the eclipse of the smi mentioned in 

the first book of Herodotus, 1856, 27. 

on the relation between the newly- 
discovered Accadian language and the 
Indo-European, Semitic, and Egyptian 
languages ; with remarks on the original 
values of Semitic letters, and on the state 
of the Greek alphabet at different periods, 
1857, 134- 

on recorded observations of the planet 

Venus in the 7th century before Christ, 
I860, 35. 



HiNCKS (Rev. Dr. E.) on certain ethnologi-^ 
cal boulders and their probable origin, 
1860, 156. 

HiNCKS (Rev. T.) on a peculiar organ which 
occurs on some of the marine Bryozoa, 
and which appears to indicate a difference 
of sex, 1852, 75. 

on a new species of Laomedea (L. an- 

gulata), with remarks on the genera Cam- 
panularia and Laomedea, 1858, 126. 

on some new and interesting forms of 

British zoophytes, 1858, 128. 

HiNCKS (Rev. W.) on vegetable monstrosi- 
ties, 1838, 120. 

on abnormal forms in the flowers of 

Fuchsia, 1843, 78. 

, notice of the Neottia gemmipara, dis- 
covered in CO. Cork, 1843, 78. 

'"^ on an anomaly of the Trifolium re- 
pens, 1852, 66. 

HiNDMARSH (J.) on the wild cattle of Chil- 
liugham Park, 1838, 100. 

on the state of agriculture and the 

condition of the agricultural labourers in 
the north of Northumberland, 1^38, 167. 

*HiSLOP (Rev. S.) on the aboriginal tribes 
of the province of Nagpore, 1859, 266. 

Hitchcock (Rev. Prof.) on foot-impressions 
in the new red sandstone, 1837, 60. 

on the erosions of the earth's surface, 

especially by rivers, 1850, 85. 

on terraces and ancient sea-beaches, 

especially those on the Connecticut river 
and its tributaries in New England, 1850, 

'fHiTCiiMAN (J.) on sanitary drainage of 
towns, 1860, 191. 

^HociiSTETTER (Prof. F. vou) on the geo- 
logy of New Zealand, 1860, 8 1. 

* on the geological features of the vol- 
canic island of St. Paul, 1860, 81. 

* on a new map of the interior of the 

Northern island of New Zealand, 1860, 1 62. 

Hodge (H. C) on the origin of the ossi- 
ferous caverns at Oreston, 1859, no. 

Hodges (Prof. J. F.) on the phosphatic 
nodules of the greensand of the north 
of Ireland, 1852, 36. 

HoDGKm (Dr.) on the effects of poisons on 
the animal economy, 1834, 681. 

, notice relative to the varieties of the 

human race, 1842, 70. 

■ on the dog as the associate of man, 

1844, 81. 

on the stature of the Guanches, the 

extinct inhabitants of the Canary Islands, 
1844, 81. 

on the tape-worm as prevalent in 

Abyssinia, 1844, 85. 

on the proposed ship-canal through 

the Isthmus of Suez, 1857, 199. 

HoDGKiNSON (Prof. E.) on the strength and 
best forms of iron beams, 1831-32, 610. 

on the efiect of impact on beams, 

1833, 421. 

•^ — on the strength of cast iron, 1833, 423. 



144 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



HoDGKiNSON (Prof. E.) on the collision of 
imperfectly elastic bodies, 1834, 534. 

— - — on impacfc and collision, 1835, 107. 

on the power of different species of 

wood to resist a force tending to crush 
them, 1839, 125. 

on the temperature of the earth in 

deep mines of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
1838, 34 ; 1839, 19. 

on the temperature of the earth in the 

deep mines near Mancliester, 1840, 17. 

on the strength of pillars of cast iron, 

and other materials, 1840, 202. 

, notice of Clegg's new safety lamp, 

1840, 210. 

, experiments to prove tliat all bodies 

are in some degree inelastic, and a pro- 
posed law for estimating the deficiency, 

1843, 23. 

, experimental inquiries into the falling 

off from perfect elasticity in solid bodies, 

1844, 25. 

on the strength of stone columns, 

1845, 26. 

, experiments on the tubular bridge 

proposed by Mr. Stephenson for crossing 
the Menai Straits, 1846, 108. 

* on the defect of elasticity in metals 

subject to compression, 1847, 43. 

* on tlie strength of iron columns, 

1847, 132. 

*■ on investigations for the construc- 
tion of Mr. Stephenson's tubular bridges 
at Conway and Menai Straits, 1848, 119. 

— — on the strength and elasticity of stone 
and timber, 1849, 118. 

■ on the elasticity of stone and crystal- 

line bodies, 1853, 36. 

Hodgson (J.) on the red appearance on the 
internal coat of arteries, 1839, 108. 

Hodgson (E.) on a brilliant eruption on the 
sun's surface, 1860, 36. 

HoGAN (W.) on the means of obviating the 
ravages of the potato disease, 1846, 89. 

Hogg (J.), catalogue of birds observed in 
S.E. Durham and in N.W. Cleveland, 
1844,59. 

, synopsis of the classification of the 

genera of British birds, 1846, 76. 

on a quantity of human bones dis- 
covered in a field near Billingham, Dur- 
ham, 1848, 95. 

on the geography and geology of the 

peninsula of Mount Sinai and the adja- 
cent countries, 1849, 52. 

on the Sicilian and Sardinian lan- 
guages, 1850, 140. 

on the artificial breeding of salmon in 

the Swale, 1853, 68. 

on Iceland, its inhabitants and lan- 
guage, 1853, 82. 

on a journey by Lieut. -Gen. Jochmus 

to the Balkan, 1853, 84. 
— — on some variations of British plants, 

1857, 96. 

on the supposed biblical names of 



Baalbec, and on the position of Baalgad, 
1857, 143. 

Hogg (J. ) on a species of Phalangista killed 
in the county of Durham, 1859, 149. 

— — on Grebel Hauran, its adjacent dis- 
tricts, and the eastern desert of Syria, 
with remarks on their geography and 
geology, 1859, 180. 

, notice of the Karaite Jews, 1859, 181. 

on the distinctions of a plant and an 

animal, and on a fourth kingdom of na- 
ture, 1860, III. 

*HoLDEN (MosEs), method of arriving at 
tlio decimal part of the sine or tangent 
below a second of a degree, &c., 1842, 



on working a steam-engine witli rare- 
fied air, 1855, 207. 

HoLDEN (Mr.) on the progress of the sewed 
muslin manufacture in Ireland, 1852, 
118. 

Holland (Dr.) on the influence of respira- 
tion on the circulatory system, 1837, 104. 

■ on the cause of death from a blow on 
the stomach, 1837, 104. 

Hooker (Dr. J. D.) on the diatomaceous 
vegetation of the Antarctic ocean, 1847, 
83. 

, meteorological and other phenomena 

observed in India and Egypt, 1848, 17. 

Hooper (Lieut. W. H. H.) on the aurora, 
1852, 26. 

Hope (Rev. F. W.) on the probability that 
some of the early notions of antiquity 
were derived from insects, 1836, 99. 

on Filaria, 1837, 97. 

, notice of rare Coleopterous insects from 

the collection of Mr. Melly, 1837, 100. 

on the modern classification of insects, 

1838,113. 

on noxious insects which injure the 

apple-trees and hops, 1838, 113. 

Hopkins (Mr.) on the criminal statistics of 
Lancashire, 1842, 95. 

Hopkins (Evan) on the polarity of cleavage 
planes, their conducting power, and their 
influence on metalliferous deposits, 1848, 
69. 

* on the optical illusions of the atmo- 
spheric lens, 1855, 12. 

on the gold-bearing districts of tlie 

world, 1855, 83. 

on the structure of the globe, its super- 
ficial changes, and the polarity of all ter- 
restrial operations, 1855, 83. 

Hopkins (T.) on the influence of moun- 
tains on temperature in the winter in 
certain parts of the northei'n hemisphere, 
1841, 28. 

* on a meteorological chart, 1842, 

26. 

on the meteorology of the northern 

Atlantic, the south-west monsoon of India, 
and places adjacent, 1842, 26. 

.. on the irregular movements of the 
barometer, 1844, 21. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



145 



HoPKFNs (T.) on the diurnal variations of 
the barometer, 1844, 22. 

on the relations of the semidiurnal 

movements of the barometer to land and 
sea breezes, 1846, 25. 

" on mirage on the sea-coast of Lanca- 
shire, 1849, 16. 

•— — on the means of computing the 
quantity of vapour contained in a ver- 
tical column of the atmosphere, 1849, 
24. 

on the causes of the rise of the isother- 
mal lines (as represented on Prof. Dove's 
maps) in the winters of the northern 
hemisphere, 1850, 34. 

— — on the daily formation of clouds at 
Maker stoun, 1850, 36. 

on the means of computing the quan- 
tities of aqueous vapour in the atmo- 
sphere, 1850, 36. 

■ on the cause of the mild winter tern- 

perature of the British Islands, 1857, 
144. 

Hopkins (W.) on certain points in physical 
geology, 1836, 78. _ 

on the refrigeration of the earth, 1837, 

on certain results regarding the mini- 
mum thickness of the crust of the globe, 
1839, 26. 

- on the cause of the motion of glaciers, 
1843, 62. 

on traces resembling ornithichnites, 

1845, 52. 

• on certain deviations of the plumb- 
line from its mean direction, as observed 
in the neighbourhood of Shanklin Down, 
Isle of Wight, 1846, 59. 

* on the dispersion of granite blocks 

from Ben Cruachan, 1850, S8. 

~ on the distribution of granite rocks 

from Ben Cruachan, 1851, 59. 

— — on the effect of pressure on the tem- 
perature of fusion of different substances, 
1854, 57. 

■ on the conductivity of various sub- 
stances for heat, 1857, 70. 

, address as President of the Greolo- 

gical Section at Leeds, 1858, 72. 

HoPKiNsoN (J.) on the steam-engine indi- 
cator, 1853, 118. 

— — on a patent safety alarum for steam- 
boilers, 1853, 119. 

■' on an improved compound patent 

safety-valve for steam-boilers, 1853, 119. 

on an improved patent steam-engine 

boiler, designated the greatest resistance 
steam-boiler, 1853, 120. 

on the cause of steam-boiler explo- 
sions, and means of prevention, 1858, 
212. 

HoRE (Eev. W. S.) on the flora of Devon 

and Cornwall, 1841, 75. 
^HoRNBECK (Dr. H. B.) on some minerals 

from the Isle of St. Thomas, 1856, 66. 
Horner (Dr. F, R.) on some^discoveries 



relative to the chick in ovo, and its libera- 
tion from tlie shell, 1853, 68. 

HoRSLEY (J.) on the conversion of tannin 
into gallic acid, 1856, 52. 

on testing for strychnia, brucia, &c., 

1856, 53. 

, new method of instituting post- 
mortem researches for strychnia, 1856, 

53- 

on a new method of extracting the 

alkaloids strychnia and brucia from nux 
vomica without alcohol, 1856, 54. 

, experiments on animals with strych- 
nia, and probable reasons for the non- 
detection of the poison in certain cases, 

1856, 55. 

Houston (Dr. J.) on the circulating oi'gans 

in diving animals, 1835, 81. 

on a variety of hydatid, 1835, 83. 

, account of twin foetuses, one without 

brain, heart, lungs, and liver, 1836, 

122. 
• on the means adopted by nature in 

the suppi'ession of haemorrhage from large 

arteries, 1843, 80. 

on the circulation of the blood in 

acardiac foetuses, 1843, 81. 

— — , notice of M'Clean's new instrument 

for the removal of calculi, 1843, 81. 
How (H.) on the hyposulphites of the 

organic alkalies, 1854, 70. 
Howard (H.) on plate-glass-making in 

England, 1846, 10 1. 
Howard (Luke) on the difference of the 

quantity of rain at different heights, 1834, 

563- 

on a cycle of eighteen years in atmo- 
spherical phenomena, 1842, 24. 

, the mean year, or solar variation 

through the seasons of the barometer in 
the climate of London, 1844, 14. 

on a lunar meteorological cycle, 1845, 

Howard (S.) on a continued spontaneous 
evolution of gas at Charlemont, Stafford- 
shire, 1849, 38. 

*HowELL (Dr.), notice of case in which a 
large portion of the ilium was eliminated 
from the body, 1836, 124. 

*HoYLE (Mr.), new logarithmic calculations 
and views, 1840, 55. 

Hudson (Dr. H.) on the radiation of heat, 
1835, 9. 

HuGGON (W.) on the alkaline waters of 
Leeds, 1858, 51. 

Hughes (W.) on the application of a deci- 
mal scale to the construction of maps, 

1857, 145. 

Hull (E.) on a geological section, from the 
Island of Little Eye across the peninsula 
between the estuaries of the Dee and 
Mersey to the east of Liverpool, 1854, 
86. 

on the south-easterly attenuation of 

the oolitic, liassic, triassic, and Permian 
formations, 1856, 67, 

L 



146 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



.*HuLL (B.) on the six-inch maps of the 
Geological Survey, 1860, 8i. 

on the Blenheim iron ore, and the 

thickness of the formations below the 
great oolite at Stonesfield, Oxfordshire, 
1860, 8 1. 

Hume (Eev. Dr. A.), the origin, charac- 
teristics, and dialect of the people in the 
counties of Down and Antrim, 1852, 89. 

on the education of the poor in Liver- 
pool, 1853, 103. 

* on the education of the poor in 

Liverpool, 1854, 138. 

on the ethnology of the Liverpool 

district, with notices of the Hoylake an- 
tiquities, 1854, 129. 

Hume (J.) on the annual increase of pro- 
perty and of exports and imports in 
Canada, 1848, 112. 

Humphreys (J.) on the moUusca of the 
CO. of Cork, 1843,71. 

Humphry (G-. M.) on the homology of the 
skeleton, 1858, 126. 

*HuNT (Dr. J.) on the antiquity of the hu- 
man race, 1860, 162. 

Hunt (E.) on the influence of the ferro- 
cyanate of potash on the iodide of silver 
as a photographic preparation, 1841, 47. 

on the changes which bodies undergo 

in the dark, 1843, 10. 

on chromatype, a new photographic 

process, 1843, 34. 

on the influence of light on the growth 

of plants, 1843, 35. 

on the influence of light on metallic 

and other compounds, 1843, 35. 

on the influence of light on chemical 

compounds, and electro-chemical action, 
1844, 35. 

on the ferrotype, and the property of 

sulphate of iron in developing photogra- 
phic images, 1844, 36. 

on the chemical changes produced by 

the solar rays, and the influence of actin- 
ism in disturbing electrical forces, 1845, 
29. 

on the coloured glass employed in 

glazing the palm house in the Royal 
Botanic Garden at Kew, 1847, 51. 

, notice of his explanation of the Da- 
guerreotype processes on paper and glass, 
1853, 4. 

on a method of accelerating the ger- 
mination of seeds, 1853, 63. 

on the mineral produce of Yorkshire, 

1858, 181. 

Hunt (T. S.) on some points in chemical 
geology, 1860, 83. 

HuETADO (V.) on the geographical distribu- 
tion of and trade in the Cinchona, 1860, 
162. 

Hutchinson (G.) on a method of prognos- 
ticating the probable mean temperature 
of the winter months from that of corre- 
sponding months in the preceding sum- 
mer, 1840, 41. 



Hutchison (G.) on the nature and causes 
of the diurnal oscillations of the baro- 
meter, 1843, 19. 

HuTTON (W.) on the Whin Sill of Cumber- 
land and Northumberland, 1831-32, 76. 

HuTTON (Dr.) on a case of deficient deve- 
lopment of the right hemisphere of the 
brain, 1835, 99. 

Huxley (Prof. T. H.) on the corpuscles of 
the blood of Amphioxus lanceolatus, 
1847, 95. 

on the genus Sagitta, 1851, 77. 

on the anatomy of the hydrostatic 

Acalephae, 1851, 78. 

on a new form of sponge-like animal, 

1851, 80. 

on the structure of the Ascidians, 

1852, 76. 

on the vascular system of the lower 

Annulosa, 1854, 109. 

on the genus Pteraspis, 1858, 82. 

on the newly discovered reptilian re- 
mains from the neighbourhood of Elgin, 

1859, 261. 

* on the development of Pyrosoma, 

1860, 136. 

Hyndman (G. C.) on species obtained by 

deep dredging near Sana Island, off the 

Mull of Cantire, 1842, 70. 
, notice of Nereis tubicola, dredged ofi" 

Sana Island, Scotland, 1843, 76, 
on a species of hydrostatic Acalepha 

(Apolemia Gettiana) taken in Belfast 

Bay, 1843, 76. 
, dredging on the north coast of Ireland, 

1844, 64. 
* on a new species of Acaleph from 

Belfast Bay, 1852, 77. 

on a curious monstrosity of form in 

the Fusus antiquus, 1857, 104. 

*Ibbotson (L. L. B.), notice of his models 
of the Principality of Neufchatel, and 
Undercliff", Isle of Wight, 1836, 94. 

* on the Daguerreotype as applied to 

the drawing of fossils, 1840, 121. 

on a method of electrotype by whicli 

the deposition on minute objects is easily 
accomplished, 1844, 39. 

on the tertiary and cretaceous forma- 
tions of the Isle of Wight, 1844, 43. 

on electrotyping plants, 1845, 74. 

* , notice of models and sections of the 

Isle of Wight, 1846, 58. 

on three sections of the ooHtic forma- 
tions on the Great Western Eailway, at 
the west end of Sapperton tunnel, 1846, 
61. 

on the geology of the neighbourhood 

of Stamford and Peterborough, 1847, 127. 

on the position of the chloritic marl 

or phosphate-of-lime bed in the Isle of 
Wight, 1848, 69. 

, translation of Dr. Sacc's paper on the 

chemical and physiological effects of feed- 
ing fowls, and on the changes and chemical ' 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



147 



composition of eggs during incubation, 

1848, 89. 

Ilipp (Dr. W. T.), experiments on the roots 
of the Canna indica, with reference to 
their value in an economical point of view, 
1847, 85. 

Inglis (Dr.) on the conducting powers of 
iodine, 1836, 66. 

on the skull of Eugene Aram, 1838, 

125. 

on the increase of small-pox, and 

origin of Variola- vaccinia, 1839, 104. 

on a new species of Nautilus from the 

Halifax coal beds, 1847, 64. 

Inglis (Sir E. H.) on a phenomenon seen 
at Grais, Switzerland, 1849, 17. 

Inman (Dr. T.) on the power by which in- 
sects are enabled to adhere to smooth 
perpendicular surfaces, 1854, 109. 

on a case of partial albinoism in a 

black man, 1854, no. 

Inskip (J. M.), account of the exploration 

of the Isthmus of Darien under Captain 

Prevost, 1855, 148. 
♦Irminger (Capt.) on the arctic current 

around Greenland, 1856, 112. 
IsBisTER (A. K.)on the Chippewyan Indians, 

1847,119. 
on the Nehanni tribe of a Koloochian 

class of American Indians, 1847, 121. 
on the Loucheux Indians, 1847, 121. 

on the ethnology of New Caledonia, 

1849, 85. 

IsoARD and Son (MM.) on a new form of 
instantaneous generator of illuminating 
gas by means of superheated aqueous va- 
pour and any hydrocarburet, 1859, 69. 

Jackson (S.) on routes from Lima to the 
navigable branches of the Amazon, with 
notes on Eastern Peru as a field for colo- 
nization, 1857, 145. 

Jacob (Dr.) on fossil Polyparia, 1835, 59. 

on the mammary glands in the Cetacea, 

1835, 86. 

Jacob (W. S.) on a folding dome for obser- 
vatories, 1850, 180. 

notes on the British Association Cata- 
logue of Stars, 1854, 25. 

on certain anomahes presented by the 

binary star 70 Ophiuchi, 1855, 25. 

Jacob I (Prof.) on the principles of electro- 
magnetical machines, 1840, 18. 

on his discovery of galvano-plastics, 

or electrotype, 1840, 89. 

on a new general principle of analy- 

. tical mechanics, 1842, 2. 

James (Colonel SirH.) on refraction, 1858, 
38. 

on the geometrical projection of two- 
thirds of the surface of the sphere, 1858, 

on the application of his geometrical 

projection of two -thirds of the sphere to 
. the construction of charts of the stars, &c., 
1859, 183. 



James (Colonel Sir H.) on the Eoman camp 
at Ardoch, and the military works near it, 
1859, 183. 

Jambs (J.) on the worsted manufactures of 
Yorkshire, 1858, 182. 

Jameson (Prof.) on the fossil fish Cepha- 
laspis, 1834, 646. 

*Jamieson (R.) on a compass independent 
of local attraction, 1855, 207. 

Jamieson (T. F.) on the connexion of the 
granite with the stratified rocks in Aber- 
deenshire, 1859, 114. 

on the drift beds and boulders of the 

north of Scotland, 1859, 1 14. 

on the birds of the north of Scotland, 

1859, 150. 

Jardine (Sir W.) on the Salmonidse of the 
north-west of Sutherlandshire, 1834, 613. 

on the Coregoni of Scotland, 1855, 1 1 1. 

, address as President of the Natural 

History Section, 1859, 126. 

Jarrett (Rev. Prof.) on algebraic equiva-. 
lence, 1845, i. 

on the summation of certain circular 

functions, 1847, 5. 

on the lexicography of the Semitic and 

Indo-Germanic languages, 1847, 122. 

* on alphabets, 1860, 163. 

*Jarvi8 (E.) on the system of taxation pre- 
vailing in the United States, 1860, 191. 

Jeffery (H. M.) on a theorem in combina- 
tions, and on a particular class of con- 
gruences, 1856, 3, 6. 

Jeffrey (Mr.) on a new hydraulic apparatus, 
1840, 213. 

Jeffreys (Mr.), notice of a fire-grate, 1840, 
213. 

Jeffreys (Dr.) on the uses of the conglobate 
glands, 1840, 156. 

Jeffreys (J. G.), species obtained by dredg- 
ing at Oban, 1842, 75. 

, notice of rare and recent British 

shells, 1848, 71. 

on the recent species of Odostomia, a 

genus of gasteropodous moUusks inhabit- 
ing the seas of Great Britain and Ireland, 
1848, 79. 

on some rare moUusca collected by 

Mr. Barlee in Zetland, 1849, 78. 

on specimens of the common whelk 

having double opercula, 1860, 117, 

on the British Teredines or ship- 
worms, 1860, 117. 

Jeffreys (Julius) on the solvent power ex- 
ercised by water at high temperatures on 
siliceoxis minerals, 1840, 125. 

Jeffreys (Dr. T.), teeth and bones from the 
caves of Cefn, Denbighshire, 1837, 77. 

on the remains found in a bed of dilu- 
vium in a cave at the Cefn rocks in Den- 
bighshire, 1837, 96. 

* Jeffries (Mr.) on warming and ventilating, 
1831, 131. 

Jellbtt (Rev. Prof.) on some general pro- 
positions connected with the theory of; 
attractions, 1857, 3. 

l2 



148 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Jellett (Rev. Prof.) on a new instrument 
for determining the plane of polariza- 
tion, 18(50, 13. 

Jellicoe (C) on improving the modo of 
keeping and stating the national accovmts, 
1854, 138. 

Jemison (W. H.) on the prevention of 
crime, 1857, 162. 

Jenkin (Fleeming) on gutta percha as an 
insulator at various temperatures, 1859, 
248. 

on the retardation of signals through 

long submarine cables, 1859, 251. 

Jenkixs (J.) on aurorse observed at Swan- 
sea, 1848, 22. 

• , meteorological phenomena observed 

at Swansea, 1848, 23. 

Jennings (F.) on some geological pheno- 
mena in the vicinity of Cork, 1843, 51. 

Jennings (T.), chemical suggestions on the 
agriculture of Cork, 1843, 38. 

Jenyns (Rev. L.) on genera and subgenera, 
1833, 440. 

on certain species of Sorex, 1838, 104. 

on the turf of the Cambridgeshire 

fens, 1845, 75. 

• on timber attacked by the larvae of 

Callidium bajulum, 1847, 85, 

on the variation of species, 1856, 10 1. 

Jervis (Major) on the trigonometrical sur- 
vey of India, 1838, 98. 

Jobert (A, C. G.) on graphic granite, 
1846, 69. 

JocHMus (Lieut.-Gen.) on a journey to the 
Balkan, or Mount Hsemus, from Constan- 
' tinbple, 1853, 84. 

Johnson (Capt. E. J.) on the application of 
native alloy for compass pivots, 1840, 
198. 

■ on the deviations of the compasses of 
H.M. steamships Ajax and Blenheim, 
1851, 8. 

■ on placing compasses on board of iron 

ships, 1852, 6. 

Johnson (H.) on a deep-sea pressure-gauge, 
1859, 236. 

• , improved instrument for describing 

spirals, 1860, 60. 

Johnson (M. J.) on the detection and mea- 
surement of atmospheric electricity by 
the photo-barograph and thermograph, 
1855, 40, 

Johnson (R.) on alloys, 1855, 50. 

on the specific gravities of alloys, 

1859, 66. 

Johnson (R. L.) on illuminating peat gas, 
1857, 51. 

* on decimal coinage, 1859, 215. 

Johnson (W.) on the granite quarries of 
Dartmoor, and their railways and ma- 
chinery, 1841, 105. 

Johnson (Prof. W. R.) on some theoretical 
and practical methods of determining the 
calorific efficiencies of coals, 1851, 47. 

Johnston (A. Keith) on the geographical 
distribution of disease, as indicating the 



connexion between natural phenomena 
and health and longevity, 1850, 150. 

Johnston (J.) on a new rain-gauge, 1840, 
211. 

Johnston (Prof. J. F. W.) on vanadium, 
1831-32, 78. 

, examination of the sulphuretted sul- 
phate of lead from Dufton, 1831-32, 577. 

on a method of analysing carbonaceous 

iron, 1833, 400. 

on the chemical composition of the 

crystallized oxychloride of antimony,1834, 
587. 

on the cause of the optical properties 

of chabasie, 1835, 44. 
analysis of single and double iodides 

of gold, 1835,45. 

on paracyanogen, 1836, 67. 

on a variety of ozocerite, 1837, 51. 

• on a new compound of nitrate with 

oxalate of lead, 1837, 52. 
on the law of isomorphism, 1838, 59. 

on a new compound of sulphate of 

lime with water, 1838, 59. 

on a new compound of bicyanide with 

binoxide of mercury, 1838, 59. 

on the origin of petroleum, and on the 

petroleum from Whitehaven, 1838, 60. 

on Middletonite, 1838, 60. 

on the resin of gamboge and its com- 
pounds, 1838, 60. 

on resins, 1840, 82. 

■ on some varieties of peat, 1840, 83. 

on the resin of sarcocolla, 1840, 83. 

* on the chemical principles of the 

rotation of crops, 1845, 34. 

* on the ashes of plants, 1845, 35. 

* on the origin and composition of the 

mineral called rottenstone, 1853, 42. 

' — —on the formation of magnesian lime- 
stone, 1853, 42. 

* on the properties and composition of 

the cocoa leaves, 1853, 43. 

on the causes, physical and chemical, 

of diversities of soils, 1853, 43. 

on a chemical cause of change in the 

composition of rocks, 1853, 52. 

Jones (C. W.) on the analysis of wheat, a 
peculiar volatile fluid, and a soluble mo- 
dification of gluten, nitrogen in lignin, 
&c., 1836, 74. 

Jones (E.) on the drainage of the metro- 
polis, 1858, 213. 

* Jones (Dr. H. Bence), Prof. Schonbein's 

latest experiments on the allotropic con- 
ditions of oxygen, 1858, 52. 

Jones (Rev. H. L.), statistics of the Univer- 
sities of Oxford and Cambridge, 1838, 170. 

■ on the commercial statistics of France, 

1842, 98. 

Jones (Prof. R.) on an apparatus for ob- 
serving fish (especially the Salmonidie) in 
confinement, 1839, 93. 

* Jones (Prof. T. Wharton) on the forces by 

which the circulation of the blood is car- 
ried on, 1852, 80, 



SECTIONS. INDEX OV AUTHORS. 



149 



JopLixG (R. T.) on the mortality among 
officers of the British army in the East, 
1856, 144. 

Jordan (C, J.) on increasing the intensity 
of the oxy hydrogen flame, 1844, 33. 

Jordan (T. B.) on copying fossils by a gal- 
vanic deposit, 1841, 67, 

*JoTTRAND (M.) on the progress of free trade 
on the Continent, 1857, 163. 

Joule (Dr. J. P.) on the electric origin of 
the heat of combustion, 1842, 31. 

— — , description of a galranometer, 1843, 
14. 

— — on the calorific effects of magneto- 
electricity, and the mechanical yalue of 
heat, 1843, 33. 

on specific heat, 1844, 34. 

en the mechanical equivalent of heat, 

1845, 31. _ 

on the expansion of salts, 1840, 49. 

on the mechanical equivalent of heat, 

as determined by the heat evolved by the 

agitation of liquids, 1847, 55. 
■ on the mechanical equivalent of heat, 

and on the constitution of elastic fluids, 

1848, 21. 

en the heat of vaporization of water, 

1849, I. 

— — on some amalgams, 1850, 55. 

on a method of sounding in deep seas, 

1851, 22. 
* on the thermal effects of air rushing 

through small apertures, 1852, i6. 
— — , experiments with a large electro- 
magnet, 1855, 12. 
■ on the heat developed by friction in 

air, 1859, 12. 

on surface condensation, 1859, 236. 

Joy (D.) on the application of mechanical 

power to the bellows of organs, 1858, 213. 
JucKES (J.), furnace for consuming smoke 

and economizing fuel, 1842, 108. 

• , furnace for burning smoke, 1843, 99. 

Jukes (J. Beete) on the position of the rocks 

of the Penine chain, Derbyshire, 1838, 

79- 
• on some tertiary rocks in the islands 

stretching from Java to Timor, 1846, 67. 
on the geological structure of Australia, 

1846, 68. 

' on the three races of men inhabiting 

the islands of the Indian and Pacific 
oceans, 1846, 114. 

— — on the aborigines of Newfoundland, 
1846, 114. 

on the relations between the new red 

sandstone, the coal-measures, and the 
Silurian rocks of the South Staffordshire 
coal-field, 1849, 55. 

• on Devonian rocks in the south of 

Ireland, 1852, 51. 

— — on the one-inch map of the northern 
part of the county of Wicklow, 1854, 87. 

on the alteration of clay-slate and grit- 
stone into mica-schist and gneiss by the 
granite of Wicklow, &c., 1856, 68, 



Jukes (J. Beete) on the geological structure 
of the Dingle promontory, co. Kerry, 1857, 
70. 

on the old red sandstone of South 

Wales, 1857, 73. 

* on the geology of Lambay Island, 

1857, 75. 
*^ , notice of the one-inch geological map 

of Ireland, 1857, 75. 

on the igneous rocks interstratified 

with the carboniferous limestones of the 
basin of Limerick, 1860, 84. 

*JuLiEN (M.) on the formation of a society 
to collect the statistics of all civilized 
countries, 1845, 90. 

*Kane (Dr. E. K.), expedition up Smith's 

Sound in search of Sir John Franklin, 

1856, 113. 
Kane (Sir R. J.) on the interference of 

sound, 1835, 13. 
on the salts of sulpho-methylic acid, 

1835, 42. 

on the protochlorides of platina and 

tin, 1835, 44. 

on compounds obtained from pyro- 

acetic spirit, 1837, 52. 

, remarks on Prof. Draper's paper on a 

change produced by exposure to the 
beams of the sun in the properties of an 
elementary substance, 1843, 9. 

Karsten (Dr. M.) on an amorphous boracite, 
1847, 55- 

*Kavanagii (J. W.) on the rise, progress, 
and prospects of popular education in 
Ireland, 1857, 163. 

Keele (J. R.) on the Artesian well on South- 
ampton Common, 1846, 52. 

Keir (W.) on the geology of Castle Hill, 
Ardrossan, 1840, 95. 

^Keleher (Rev, W.) on the statistics of 
the parish of Kilmiu'ry, co. Cork, 1843, 93. 

Kelland (Prof.) on the conduction of heat, 
1840, 15. 

on the theory of waves, 1840, 50. 

Kelley (F. M.), explorations through the 
valley of the Atrato to the Pacific in 
search of a route for a ship-canal, 1856, 
162. 

*Kelly (J. O.) on a section across SHeve-na- 
Muck, CO. Tipperary, 1857, 76. 

^Kemble (J. M.) on Dr. Kombst's ethno- 
graphic map of Grreat Britain and Ire- 
land, 1845, 81. 

Kemp (Dr. Gr.) on the functions of the bile, 
1844, 86. 

on a natural system of organic che- 
mistry, 1845, 31. 

on the diseased potato tuber, 1846, 44. 

Kemp (G-. Gr.) on the waste of the Holder- 
ness coast, 1853, 53. 

Kennedy (Dr. E.) on purulent ophthalmia, 
1835, 105. 

Kennedy (Rev. C. J.) on the theory of elec- 
tricity, 1840, 24. 

— . — on the positive and negaiive streams 



150 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



of electrified air, and an electrical ma- 
chine for examining them, 1842, 19. 

^Kennedy (J.) on the lost tribes of Israel, 
1854, 129. 

Kennedy (J. C. G.) on the influence of dis- 
coyeries in science and works of art in 
developing the condition of a people, as 
indicated by the census operations of the 
United States, 1851, 108. 

Kbnrick (Mr.) on the statistics of Merthyr 
Tydvil, 1845, 90. 

* on statistics of Darlaston, 1848, loi. 

£eogh (Mr.) on a new kind of power-loom, 
1854, 156. 

Kettie( Mr.) on a submarine lamp, 1859, 236. 

Khanikoff (M.) on his ascent of Mount 
Ararat, 1851, 88. 

KiDD (Dr. C.) on the nature of death from 
the administration of anjesthetics, espe- 
cially chloroform and ether, 1860, 136. 

KiNAHAN (G. H.) on the Valentia trap dis- 
trict, Ireland, 1857, 75. 

KiNAHAN (Prof. J. E.) on the zoological re- 
lations of the Cambrian rocks of Bray 
Head and Howth, 1857, 75. 

on a new species of Galathea, 1857, 104. 

on certain genera of terrestrial Iso- 

poda, 1857, 104. 

KiNCAiD (Mr.) on the Shyens and Karens of 
India, 1844, 84. 

*KiNG (Mr.) on a new kitchen range, 1839, 
13a. 

King (Dr. R.) on the geography of the north- 
west coast of America, 1842, 44. 

on the Fish river of the North Polar 

Sea, 1844, 58. 

on the supposed extinct inhabitants of 

Newfoundland, 1844, 83. 

, notice of the manners and habits of 

the South Sea Islanders, from G-eneral 
Miller's Journal, 1845, 80. 

King (Prof.W.) on the Permian fossils of 
Cultra, Belfast Lough, 1853, 53. 

* on the relation between the cleavage 

of minerals and the cleavage of rocks, 
1857, 76. 

on the jointed structure of rocks, par- 
ticularly as developed in several places in 
Ireland, 1858, 83. 

KiNGSLEY (Mr.) on a new perspective draw- 
ing board, 1837, 135. 

*Kingsley (J.) on the advantage of a uni- 
form plan of gross, rather than net, re- 
turns of the revenue and savings' banks 
of G-reat Britain, 1836, 151. 

on criminal returns of the empire, 

1838, 177. 

Kirk (Dr.), extracts from his letter relat- 
ing to the Livingstone expedition, 1859, 
185. 

KiRKMAN (Rev. T. p.) on the roots of sub- 
stitutions, 1860, 4. 

KiRWAN (Dr. R.), eiilogium on the late, by 
Dr. Pickells, 1843, 39. 

KiTsoN (J., jun.) on the iron trade of Leeds, 
1868, 183. 



^Knight (Dr.), notice of the flints of Aber- 
deenshire, 1834, 651. 

Knight (G.) on a stereoscopic cosmoramic 
lens, 1854, 70. 

Knight (H.) on a calculating instrument, 
1849, n8. 

Knight (J.) on the rise, progress, and con- 
dition of joint-stock banks, 1854, 138. 

Knipe (J. A.) on a basaltic dyke in the vale 
of Eden, 1839, 67. 

on the sandstone of the vale of Solway, 

and the formation of the Closebum basin, 
Dumfriesshire, 1840, 98. 

- — , geological map of the British Isles 
and part of France, 1844, 55. 

on the Tynedale coal-field and the 

Whin-sill of Cumberland and Northum- 
berland, 1860, 86. 

Knowles (E. R. J.) on an extraordinary 
appearance in the flame of a candle, 1846, 
49. 

on the annual consumption of coal and 

the probable duration of the coal-fields, 
1846, 105. 

on curious results in the water-supply 

afibrded by a spring at Ashey Down, in 
the Ryde waterworks, 1859, 1 14. 

*Knowles (G. B.) on a case of deformity of 
the pelvis, 1835, loi. 

Knowles (Prof. G. B.) on the movements 
of Oscillatoriae, 1856, 88. 

Knox (Mr.) ontheefiect of the moon's rays, 
1852, 36. 

Knox (Dr. R.) on the natural history of the 
salmon, 1831-32, 595. 

on the natural and economic history 

of certain species of the Clupeadse, Core- 
goni, and Salmonidse, 1846, 79. 

— rr— on Dr. Thibert's method of modelling 
and colouring after nature all kinds of 
fishes, 1846, 80. 

* on the classification of the Salmoni- 
dse, 1859, 153. 

*Knox (R.) on the origin of the arts, 1860, 

133- 

Knox (Rev. T.) on the insulation of fluorine, 
1836, 77. 

on the relative electro-negative powers 

of iodine and fluorine, 1843, 39. 

on the amount of rain, with the dif- 
ferent winds, at Toomavara, Limerick, 
during five consecutive years, 1845, 17. 

Knox (Revs. T. and H.) on the quantity of 
rain which falls in the S.W. of Ireland, 
and in Suffolk, 1843, 22. 

KoLLiKER (Prof.) on transparent fishes from 
Messina, 1855, 111. 

on leucine and tyrosine in the pan- 
creatic fluid and contents of the intestine, 
1855, 124. 

on the physiology of the spermatozoa, 

1855, 125. 

, demonstration of the Trichomonas 

vaginalis of Donne, 1855, 125. 

on a peculiar structure discovered in 

the epithelial cells of the small intestines, 



SECTIONS. INDEX OV AUTHORS. 



151 



together with some observations on the 
absorption of fat into the system, 1855, 
126. 

KoLLiKER (Prof.) on the Hectocotylus, or 
male of the Argonaut, 1855, 127. 

*KoMB8T (Dr.) on ethnographical maps, 
1844, 84. 

KoNiNCK (Prof. L. de) on the genus Woodo- 
crinus, 1857, 76. 

KuKLA (M.) on some new kinds of galvanic 
batteries invented by, 1853, 44. 

Kyle (John J. J.) on the chemical compo- 
sition of an ancient iron slag found at 
Lochgoilhead, Argyleshire, 1857, 52. 

Ladd (W.) on an improved induction coil, 
1858,^ 26. 

on a microscope with an improved 

magnetic stage, 1858, 143. 

*■ on an improved form of air-pump for 

philosophical experiments, 1860, 65. 

La Fuente (Don M. B.) on the province of 
Tarapaca, South Peru, 1853, 88. 

^Laing (D.) on Smith's wire ropes, 1841, 
106. 

Laing (J.) on a new air-pump, 1855, 207. 

*Lake (Col. A.), an original letter from 
G-eneral MouraviefF, 1856, 113. 

Lamb (Mr.) on a mechanical apparatus for 
preventing incrustation of steam-boilers, 
1846, 106. 

Laming (Dr.) on the constitution and forces 
of the molecules of matter, 1846, 35. 

Lamont (Dr.), account of the magnetic ob- 
servatory of Munich, 1840, 26. 

on the system of meteorological ob- 
servations in Bavaria, 1840, 27. 

, account of the Munich magneto- 
graphic instruments, and observations 
made with the same, 1847, 25. 

*Lane (Dr.) on the French language, 1847, 
123. 

Lang (Mr.) on vessels with safety keels, 

1837, 135. 

on improvements in ship-building, 

1838, 157.^ 

* on an improvement on the air-pump, 

1840, 212. 

*Lange (D. a.) on the progress of the Isth- 
mus of Suez Canal, 1860, 163. 

Langton (W.), abstract of the report of the 
Manchester Statistical Society on the state 
of education in the borough of Man- 
chester, 1835, 119. 

on the educational condition of the 

county of Rutland, 1839, no. 

Lankester (Dr. E.) on the formation of 
woody tissue, 1839, 78. 

on the preparation of fishes for mu- 
seums, 1839, 82. 

on the white bream, 1839, 94. 

on some coloured water from the 

Baltic, 1840, 143. 

' on plants and animals found in the 

. sulphureous waters of Yorkshire, 1840, 
143. 



Lankester (Dr. E.) on the production of 
sulphuretted hydrogen by the action of 
vegetable matter on solutions containing 
sulphates, 1841, 57. 

on deposits in springs, rivers, and 

lakes, from the existence of infusoria,- 
1841, 72. 

* on some peculiar inorganic forma- 
tions and fossils of the magnesian lime- 
stone, 1842, 55. ' 

on a microscopic animal (a large 

species of Vorticella) found covering the 
stems of the Chara flexilis, 1842, 68. 

on the occurrence of Calothrix nivea, 

and the infusoria of sulphureous waters, 
at Cove, Ireland, 1843, 77. 

— — on the germination of plants, 1845, 
69. 

on the Phytelephas macrocarpa (vege- 
table ivory, or Tagua plant), 1845, 70. ■ 

, notice of the woody fibres of the La- 

vatera arborea, with the suggestion of its 
use in arts and manufactures, 1846, 
90. 

on the tree which yields gutta percha, 

1847, 86. 

on some vegetable monstrosities illus- 
trating the laws of morphology, 1848^ 
85. 

on some abnormal forms of the fruit 

of Brassica oleracea, 1849, 71. 

on the epidermal appendages of the 

genera Callitriche, Hippuris, Pinguicula, 
and Drosera, 1850, 113. 

on a monstrosity of Lathyrus odora- 

tus, 1851, 72. 

on the theory of the formation of wood 

and the descent of the sap in plants, 
1851, 72. 

', notice of jelly fishes, 1853, 69. 

, report of the committee for registra- 
tion of the periodic phenomena of plants 
and animals, 1853, 70. 

on photographic plates and illustra- 
tions of microscopic objects in natural 
history, 1853, 70. 

, British freshwater polyps, 1853, 70. 

, notice of Mr, Dempster's dredge, 

1855, 118. 
, exhibition of photographs on glass, of 

histological and natural-history objects 

by Dr. Kedfern, 1855, 118. 
■ ■ ' on the alternation of generations and 

parthenogenesis in plants and animals, 

1857, 113. 
on an instrument for measuring the 

constant intensity of ozone, 1858, 52. 
, notice of drawings of British spiders 

to illustrate Mr. Blackwall's work, 1859,- 

150. 
*Lanza (Signor) on the formations of Dal- 

matia, 1855, 83. 
Larcom (Capt.) on contour maps, 1843, 18. 
on the report of the census of Ireland 

for 1841, forwarded to the Association by 

the Lord Lieutenant, 1843, 91. 



152 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



*Lardner (Rev. Dr.) on railroads, 1835, 
io8. 

— — on steam communication with the 
East Indies and North America, 1836, 
130. 

on the effect of railroads on intercom- 
munication, 1836, 150. 

> on the resistance to railway trains, 

1837, 132. 

- on the application of steam to long 
voyages, 1837, 136. 

on an apparatus for use in working 

railways, 1839, 129. 

I/ASSELL (W.) on a method of supporting a 
lai'ge speculum, free from sensible flexure, 
in all positions, 1850, 180. 

Latham (Dr. R. G.) on the southern limits 
of the Esquimaux race in America, 1844, 
78. 

~ — on the ethnography of Africa as de- 
termined by its languages, 1844, 79. 

on the eastern limits of the Australian 

race and language, 1844, 80. 

on the ethnographical position of cer- 
tain tribes of the GrarroAv Hills, 1844, 80. 

on the increase of the ergot upon 

grasses, 1845, 75. 

• on the ethnography of the Chinese 

and Indo-Cliinese nations, 1845, 77. 
on the ethnography of America, 1845, 

77- 

" on the state of philological evidence as 
to the unity of the human race, 1845, 78. 

on etlmological philology, 1846, 115, 

■ on a vocabulary of the Bethuck In- 
dians of Newfoundland, 1846, 115. 

on a Comanche vocalDulary, 1846, 117. 

on the Shyenne numerals, 1847, 123. 

on a Moskito grammar and vocabu- 
lary, 1847, 123. 

on a Botocudo vocabulary, 1847, 123. 

on some Tumali words from Dr. Tut- 

schek's vocabulary, 1847, 123. 

• on some Eazoglo words from Dr. Tut- 

schek's vocabulary, 1847, 124. 

on the terms Gothi and Get-x, 1849, 

85. 

* on the ethnograplucal philology of 

Africa, 1849, 85. 

■ on the transition between the Tibetan 

and Indian families in respect to confor- 
mation, 1849, 85. 

• on the original distribution of the 

Germanic, Lithuanic, and Slavonic popu- 
lations, 1850, 141. 

on the ethnological position of the 

Brahui, and on the languages of the Pa- 
ropamisus, 1851, 89. 

• on certain localities not in Sweden 

occupied by Swedish populations, and on 
certain ethnological questions connected 
with the coasts of Livonia, Esthonia, 
Coui'land, and Gothland, 1853, 86. 

- on the traces of a bilingual town 
(Danish and Angle) in England, 1853, 
88. 



Latham (Dr. E. G.), ethnological remarks 
upon the Zulus, Earthmen, Australians, 
and Astecs, 1853, 88. 

on the non-Russian populations of 

Russia in Europe, 1854, 129, 139. 

" on the distribution of the Albanians, 

politically, 1856, 145. 

on the general distribution of the va- 
rieties of language and physical confor- 
mation, 1858, 151. 

on the Jaczwings, 1860, 163. 

Latto (J.) on incombustible cloth, 1849, 33. 

Laurent's (M.) attempt to explain the phe- 
nomena of circular polarization in liquids, 
Prof. MacCullagh on, 1844, 7. 

Lawes (J. B.) on agricultural chemistry, 
especially in relation to the mineral 
theory of Baron Liebig, 1851, 45.' 

* on the equivalency of starch and 

sugar in food, 1854, 70. 

■ on the amounts of, and methods of 

estimating, ammonia and nitric acid in 
rain-water, 1854, 70, 164. 

on some points connected with agri- 
cultural chemistry, 1856, 172. 

on the composition of wheat-grain, 

and its products, 1856, 173. 

on the assimilation of nitrogen by 

plants, 1857, 51. 

on the annual yield of nitrogen per 

aci'e in different crops, 1858, C2. 

on the effects of different manures on 

the composition of the mixed herbage of 
meadow-land, 1859, 70. 

^ on the composition of the ash of 

wheat, 1860, 70. 

Lawuance (T.) on the whale and seal fish- 
eries of Greenland and Davis Straits, 
carried on by vessels from Peterhead, 
1859, 216. 

Lawrie (Dr.) on the results of amputations, 
1840, 163. 

Lawson (Prof.) on the connexion between 
statistics and political economy, 1843, 
94. 

Lawson (G.) on the stipular glands of 
Rubiacea?, 1854, 99. 

Lawson (H.) on a thermometer stand, 1845, 

17- 

on an easy method of contracting the 

aperture of a large telescope, 1846, 9. 

~— on the arrangement of a solar eye- 
piece, 1846, 9. 

on spots in the sun, 1847, 9. 

Lawton (W.) on the meteorology of Hull, 
1853, 27. 

Laycock (Dr. T.) on a general law of vital 
periodicity, 1842, 81. 

on the observation of periodic changes 

in animals, 1844, 70. 

on the reflex function of the brain, 

1844, 85. 

on the addition to vital statistics con- 
tained in first report of the Commissioners 
of inquiry into circumstances affecting 
the health of towns, 1844, 90. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



153 



Laycock (Dr. T.) on the sanitary condition 
(1839-1843) of York, 1844, 90. 

on the communicating fibres of the 

brain in reference to thought and action, 
1845, 84. 

on the vital statistics of America, 1845, 

90. 

■ , notice of diagrams showing the mor- 
tality of diarrhoea concurrently with pro- 
gressive increase of temperature in Lon- 
don, 1846, 94. 

■ on diseases resulting from the immo- 
derate use of tobacco, 1846, 94. 

* on the statistics of sickness and 

mortality in the city of York, 1846, 
104. 

' on the physiology of cells in relation 

to consciousness and adaptive movements, 
1854, no. 

* , handwriting and drawing of the in- 
sane, as illustrative of some modes of 
cerebral functions, 1859, 265. 

Lea (I.) on traces of a fossil reptile (Sauro- 
pus primjBvus) found in the old red sand- 
stone, 1849, 56, 134. 

Leacii (Capt.) on the use of percussion 
lights for preventing collisions at sea and 
on railways, 1857, 181. 

Leadbetter (Mr.) on the normal school of 
Glasgow, 1840, 170. 

Leahy (P.) on a method of ascertaining in- 
accessible distances at sea or land, 1843, 
Id. 

Leatham (Mr.) on the bill circulation of 
Great Britain, 1840, 184. 

^Leatham (W.) on the state of the lodg- 
ing-houses for the travelling poor in 
the towns and villages of England, 1843, 
96. 

Lee (Dr. J.), meteorological communica- 
tions from Norway, 1844, 27. 

— — -, remarks on presenting two papers, en- 
titled " meteorological observations made 
at Christiania, "and " on the lightning and 
thunder at Alten," 1845, 19. 

■ , tables of meteorological observations 

made at Christiania and Alten, presented 
by, 1846, 12. 

on the advantages to be derived from 

the establishment of a magnetic and elec- 
tro-meteorological observatory at Alten in 
Lapland, 1847, 34. 

— — on meteorological observations con- 
tuiued at Alten in Finmark, 1848, 

on meteorological observations made 

at Kaafjord, near Alten, in Western Fin- 
mark, and at Christiania in Norway, 

1849, 18; 1850, 36. 

■ on the British Meteorological Society, 

1850, 42. 

* on the Alten and Christiania meteo- 
rological observations, 1851, 33. 

— — on photographic drawings of meteoro- 
logical instruments, 1854, 47. 

, notice of photographs of Hart^ell 



observatory, and of the Craig telescope at 
Wandsworth, 1855, 12. 

Lee (Dr. J.) on Negretti and Zambra's mer- 
curial minimum thermometer, 1856, 
40. 

, remarks on Dr. II. Barker's pamphlet 

on the relative value of the ozonometers 
of Dr. Schonbein and Dr. Moffat, 1856, 
40. 

■ on the discovery of the asteroid. No. 

46, by Mr. Pogson, 1857, 31. 

on a new variable star (R. Sagittarii), 

discovered by Mr. Pogson, 1858, 29. 

on the results of the measures of 

Gamma Virginis for the epoch 1858, as 
determined by Admiral Smyth, 1858, 
29. 

on the daily comparison of an aneroid 

barometer with a Board of Trade baro- 
meter by captains of ships at sea, 1858, 
38. 

, prospectus of the Hartwell variable 

star Atlas, 1860, 36. 

*Lee (J. C), notice of a meteorological 
journal kept at Nassau, New Providence, 
1841, 32. 

*Lee (J. E.) on an elephant's grinder from 
the Cerithium limestone, 1856, 69. 

* on some fossil fishes from the strata 

of the Moselle, 1856, 69. 

Leeson (Dr. H. B.) on the influence of 
galvanism on endosmose and exosmose, 

1845, 83. 

* , apparatus for minute injection, 1845, 

86. 
on crystallography and a new gonio-* 

meter, 1846, 46. 
^Leicester (Lieut.) on the volcanic group 

ofMilo, 1851, 89. 
*Lbichardt (Dr.), expedition to the interior 

of central Australia in search of, 1852, 

112. 
Leigh (Dr.) on a new product obtained 

from coal naphtha, 1842, 39. 
on the action of nitric acid on naphtha, 

1844, 33. 
Leitch (Eev. W.) on the development of 

sex in social insects, 1855, in. 
Leithart (J.) on the stratification of rocks, 

1838, 88. 
on faults, and anticlinal and synclinal 

axes, 1838, 89. 
Leitheed (W.) on a new safety lamp, 1837, 

131- 
Lemon (SirC.) on the agricultural products 

of Cornwall, 1841, 83. 
^Leslie (Prof.) on professional incomes, 

1857, 163. 

* on competition at the Bar, 1857, 163. 

Letheby (H.) on the action of oxalic acid 

upon the dead tissues of the animal body, 

1846, 41. 

on the difference in the physiolo- 
gical actions of the yellow and red 
prussiates as an evidence of their con- 
taining dissimilar radicals, 1846, 41, 



154 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



*Le Verrier (Prof.) sur les cometes p^- 
riodiques de Lexel de Faye et de Vico, 
1847, lo. 

Lewes (G. H.), the spinal cord a sensa- 
tional and volitional centre, 1858, 135. 

on the necessity of a reform in nerve- 
physiology, 1859, 166. 

on a demonstration of the muscular 

sense, 1859, 167. 

on the supposed distinction between 

sensory and motory nerves, 1859, 168. 

Lewis (Rev. T. T.), discovery of rippled 
surfaces and trails of animals in the old 
red sandstone, 1854, 91. 

*Lewis (Dr.) on a hydro-spirometer, 1860, 

139- 

LiDDELL (A.) on the statistics of education 
in Q-lasgow, 1846, 101. 

LiEBiG (Prof.) on the products of the de- 
composition of uric acid, 1837, 38. 

on poisons, contagions, and miasms, 

1840, 72. 

, new process for preparing murexide, 

1840, 74. 

on some results obtained in his labo- 
ratory, 1841, 53. 

on mineral manure, 1845, 39. 

on a new form of cyanic acid, 1855, 

64. 

-. , notice of a new mode of making 

bread, 1855, 64. 

-■ , exhibition of a large bar of aluminium, 

1855, 64. 

*LiLLE (Comte de) on laying down wood 
pavement, 1840, 211. 

LiNDELoP (Prof.) on the calculus of varia- 
tions, 1859, 5. 

on the caustics produced by reflexion, 

1860, 14. 

LiNDLEY (Dr.) on the structure and affinities 
of the Orobanchaceae, 1837, 101. 

*LiNDSAY (Dr. A. L.) on the commercial 
uses of lichens, 1855, 64. 

Lindsay (J. B.) on a telegraph for commu- 
nicating across rivers and seas, without 
employing a submerged cable, 1854, 

on the transmission of electricity 

through water, 1859, 13. 

r on Chinese astronomy, 1859, 35. 

Lindsay (Dr. W. L.) on the genus Abro- 

thallus, 1856, 88. 
•: on the action of hard waters upon 

lead, 1858, 54. 
on the eruption in May 1860 of the 

Kotlugja volcano in Iceland, 1860, 86. 
Lister (Rev. W.) on reptilian footprints 

from the new red sandstone, north of 

Wolverhampton, 1860, 87. 
Litton (Dr.) on the yew at Mucruss, 1835, 

76. 
^Livingstone and Oswell (Messrs.), explo- 
rations in South Africa to the north of 

lake N'gami, 1852, 112. 
Livingstone (Dr.), his arrival at Loanda on 

the west CQa§t of Africa, 1864, 119. 



Livingstone (Dr.), letter tol the Rev. Dr. 

Tidman, from Sekeletu, Linyanti, 1854, 

121. 
, notice of his journey across tropical 

Africa, 1855, 148. 
, return journey across South Africa, 

1856, 113. 

* on discoveries in Southern Africa, 

1857, 146. 

on the discoveries in South-Central 

Africa, 1860, 164. 

LizARS (Dr.) on the organs of sense in the 

salmon, 1840, 134. 
*Lloyd (Colonel) on the mines of Copiapo, 

1853, 53. 
*Lloyd (Dr.) on the purification of large 

towns by means of dry cloacae, 1857? 

Lloyd (Dr. Q-.) ontheMarsileaceae, 1836, 102. 
on the geology of Warwickshire, 1839, 

73- 

on a new species of Labyrinthodon 

from the new red sandstone of Warwick., 
shire, 1849, 56. 

Lloyd (Rev. Dr. H.) on conical refraction, 
1833, 370. 

■ , account of magnetical obssrvations in 

Ireland, and of a new method of ob- 
serving the dip and the force with the 
same instrument, 1834, 557. 

on the direction of the isoclinal lines 

in England, 1836, 3 1. 

, accoimt of the magnetical observatory 

at Dublin, 1837, 20. 

on the best position of three magnets, 

in reference to their mutual action, 1839, 

12. 

on the phenomena of thin plates in 

polarized light, 1841, 26. 

on simultaneous changes of the mag- 
netic elements at different stations, 1841, 
26. 

on the method of graphical repre- 
sentation, as applied to physical results, 
1843, 4. 

on the phenomena of metallic re- 
flexion, 1843, 6. 

on the regular variations of the direc- 
tion and intensity of the earth's magnetic 
force, 1843, 12. 

on the periodicity of magnetic dis- 
turbances, 1845, 12. 

on the mean results of observations, 

1848, I. 

on the meteorology of Ireland, 1852, 

26. 

on the affections of polarized light re- 
flected and transmitted by thin plates, 
1859, 14. 

Locke (John), excessive emigration and it* 
reparative agencies in Ireland, 1852, 118. 

, Ireland's recovery ; or, excessive emi- 
gration and its reparative agencies, 1853, 
107. 

on the agricultural labourers of En- 
gland and Wales, their inferiority in the 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



155 



social scale, and the means of effecting 

their improvement, 1855, 171. 
Locke (John), a new route to India — the 

Syro-Arabian railway, 1856, 1 14. 
, the land-reTolution in Ireland, 1857, 

163. 
LocKiiART (W.) on the Yang-tse-Keang and 

the Hwang-ho, or Yellow River, 1858, 

152. 

on the mountain districts of China 

and their aboriginal inhabitants, 1860, 
168. 

Locking (G-.), description of Locking and 
Cook's patent rotatory valve-engine, 1853, 
120. 

Logan (Mr. W. E.) on the South Welsh 
coal basin between the Vale of Neath and 
Carmarthen Bay, 1837, 83. 

on the age of the copper-bearing rocks 

of Lakes Superior and Huron, and on the 
physical structure of Canada, 1851, 59. 

Long (Mr.), description of a cave at Ched- 
dar, 1838, 85. 

* on crag formations and coprolites, 

1852, 53. 

Longchamps (E. de Selys), projet d' obser- 
vations annuelles sur la periodicite des 
oiseaux, 1841, 73. 

* on the genus Arvicola, on the Libel- 

lulidse of Europe, and on hybrids of the 
genus Anser, 1845, 62. 

* on obtaining accurate dates for the 

appearance, &c. of birds, the migration of 
fishes, the budding, &c. of plants, 1845, 
62. 

Longmuir (Eev. Dr.), notice of a fossil fish, 
1859, 114. 

on the section of the coast between the 

Girdleness and Dunnottar Castle, 1859, 
261. 

on the remains of the cretaceous for- 
mation, &c. in Aberdeenshire, 1859, 262. 

on the restoration of Pterichthys in 

' The Testimony of the Eocks,' 1859, 263. 

Lonsdale (Dr. H,), notice of an ossified 
tendo Achillis, and of a case of exostosis, 
1840, 165. 

LooMis (Prof.) on the relative accuracy of 
the different methods of determining 
geographical longitude, 1857, 25. 

on certain electrical phenomena in the 

United States, 1857, 32. 

Lothian (Mr.) on a revolving balance, 
1840, 206. 

Lothian (J.) on a triple differential wheel, 
1847, 18. 

LovEN (Prof.) on the bathymetrical distri- 
bution of submarine life on the north 
shores of Scandinavia, 1844, 50. 

Lowe (E. J.) on meteors, 1849, 24. 

, observations on zodiacal light, 1851, 

24. 

on some unusual phenomena, 1851, 

33- 

-^ on the land and freshwater moUusca 

found near Nottingham, 1851^ 80. 



Lowe (E. J.) on the force of the wind in 
July and August 1855, as taken by the 
"atmospheric recorder" at the Beeston 
observatory, 1855, 40. 

on a singular mortality amongst the 

swallow tribe, 1855, 112. 

on the temperature of the flowers and 

leaves of plants, 1859, 135. 
Lowe (Q-.) on some new chemical products 

obtained in gas-works, 1834, 582. 

on crystals of iron pyrites, 1836, 

77. 

* on the purification of coal-gas by the 

application of water in an instrument 
called "the scrubber," 1853, 45. 

LowMAN (Mr.), on the orthochronograph in- 
vented by, 1844, 14. 

Lubbock (J.) on the development of Buc- 
cinum, 1860, 39. 

Lubbock (Sir J. W.) on new empirical ta- 
bles for finding the moon's place, 1836, 
12. 

on M. Poisson's theory of the consti- 
tution of the atmosphere, 1837, 31. 

on the calculation of the perturbations 

of planets and comets, 1847, 9. 

Lucas (P. B.) on two new fasciae connected 
with the muscles of the human eye, 1841, 
80. 

*LucAs (W.) on the production of an arti- 
ficial copper pyrites, 1842, 40. 

on the limestones of Yorkshire, 1844, 

on the alteration in iron exposed to 

long-continued vibration, 1844, 41. 

LuTKE (Admiral), notice of tide observations 
* by, 1839, II. 

Lyell (Sir C.) on the change of level of the 
land and sea in Scandinavia, 1834, 
652. 

* on the fossil shells of the Suffolk 

crag, 1835, 63. 

on certain phenomena connected with 

the junction of granite and transition 
rocks in Norway, 1837, 67. 

on vertical lines of flint, 1838, 87. 

on the origin of the tubular cavities 

filled with gravel and sand, called sand- 
pipes, in the chalk near Norwich, 1839, 
65. 

■ on remains of mammalia in the 

crag and London clay of Suffolk, 1839, 
69. 

on two species of shells of the genus 

Conus, in the lias or inferior oolite, near 
Caen, in Normandy, 1840, no. 

on ancient sea-cliffs and needles in the 

chalk of the valley of the Seine in Nor- 
mandy, 1840, III. 

on the delta and alluvial deposits of 

the Mississippi, and other points in the 
geology of North America, 1846, 117. 

on the occurrence of a stratum of stones 

covered with barnacles in the red crag at 
Wherstead, near Ipswich, 1851, 65. 

, introductory address as President of 



156 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



the Geological Section: — On the occur- 
rence of works of human art in post- 
pliocene deposits, 1859, 93. 

Lyell (Sir C), notice of Dr. Dawson's con- 
firmation of the discorery of a land shell, 
or Pupa, in the coal formation of Nova 
Scotia, 1859, 95. 

Lynch (Lieut.) on the ascent of the river 
Euphrates, 1838, 99. 

Lyon (Rev. C. F.) on some phenomena of 
mirage on the east coast of Forfarshire, 
1850, 42. 

Lyons (Prof.) on the importance of intro- 
ducing a new and uniform standard of 
micrometric measurement, 1857, 115. 

, notice of Dr. Hardy's instrument for 

the local application of chloroform, 1857, 
115. 

Mac Adam (J.) on the fossiliferous beds of 
the counties of Antrim and Down, 1852, 

Macadam (Dr. Stevenson) on the central 
heat and density of the globe, as also the 
causes of volcanic phenomena, 1850, 88. 

• on the presence of lead in hydro- 
chloric and nitric acids, 1854, 72. 

■ on the distribution of iodine in the 

mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, 
1854, 72. 

on the cause of the phenomena ex- 
hibited by the Geysers of Iceland, 1854, 

73- 
on the chemical composition of the 

waters of the Clyde, 1855, 64. 
on the detection of strychnine, 1856, 

on an improved electric lamp invented 

by Mr. W. Hart, 1858, 55. 

* on M. de Luca's claim to be the dis- 
coverer of the non-presence of iodine in 
the atmospheric air, rain-water, and snow, 
1858, 56. 

. on the production of a frosted surface 

on articles made of aluminium, 1858, 
56. 
* on the analysis and valuation of ma- 
nures, 1859, 72. 

M'Alister (Rev. J.), statistical notices of 
the bhnd asylum at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
1838, 167. 

M'Andrew (R.), dredging the coasts of 
Anglesea, 1844, 63. 

— — on some animals new to the British 
seas, 1844, 64. 

, notice of a Medusa caught by, 1845, 

• , additions to the marine fauna of Bri- 
tain discovered by, 1845, 66. 

, Crustacea found in cruising round the 

British coast, 1846, 80. 

* on some marine animals from the 

Bristol Channel, 1848, 125. 

• , notice of zoophytes, mollusca, &c., 

observed on the coast of Norway, 1855, 
J13. 



Macartney (Dr.) on the natural history of 

the common toad, 1833, 441. 
on the structure and functions of the 

nervous system, 1833, 449. 
on the organ of voice in the New 

Holland ostrich, 1836, 97. 

on the means of preserving animal 

and vegetable substances, 1836, 99. 

on the structure of the teeth, and ac- 
count of their decay, 1836, 115. 

on means to suppress haemorrhage 

from arteries, 1839, 97. 

on rules for finding with exactness the 

position of the principal arteries and 
nerves, 1839, 102. 

M'Bain (Dr. J.) on a skull of a manatee 
from Old Calabar, 1859, 150. 

* on the duration of life in the Actinia 

mesembryanthemum when kept in con- 
finement, 1859, 152. 

* on the skull of a wombat from the 

bone-caves of Australia, 1859, 152. 

* on the skull of a seal from the Gulf 

of California, 1859, 153. 

Maccaiue (Prof.) on the directions of plants 
as influenced by light, 1847, 55. 

M'Callum (Rev. A. K.) on juvenile delin- 
quency — its principal causes and proposed 
cure, as adopted in the Glasgow Refor- 
matory Schools, 1855, 173. 

M'Clelland (J.) on measures relating to 
the adoption of the family and agricul- 
tural system of training in the reforma- 
tion of criminal and destitute children, 
1855, 179. 

*M'CoMBiE (Hon. T.) on the aboriginals of 
Australia, 1859, 186. 

on the statistics of the trade and pro- 
gress of the colony of Victoria, 1859, 
218. 

*M'Cormac (Dr. H.) on the connexion of 
atmospheric impurity with disease, 1852, 
119. 

on the origin of tubercular consump- 
tion, 1855, 131. 

* on the influence of inadequate or 

perverted development in the production 
of insanity, disease, want, and crime, 
1857, 164. 

M'CosH (Rev. Prof.), morphological ana- 
logy between the disposition of tJie 
branches of exogenous plants and the 
venation of their leaves, 1852, 66. 

• on the morphology of pines and firs, 
1854, 99. 

on the correspondence between the 

leaf-venation and ramification of the 
plant, 1854, 100. 

■ on some traces of harmonious colours 

in plants and the plumage of birds, 1854, 
101. 

M'CoY (F.) on the plants of the New South 
Wales and Van Diemen's Land coal- 
fields, 1847, 64. 

, list of organic remains in the frontier 

chain of Scotland, 1850, 107. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



157 



M'CoY (F.) on the mode of succession of 

the teeth in Cochliodus, 1852, 55. 
* on the subdivisions of Leptgena, 1852, 

55- 

' on the structure of certain fossil fishes 

found in the old red sandstone of the 
north of Scotland, 1852, 55. 

M'Craw (W.) on a new process in photo- 
graphy, 1858, 18. 

*MacCullagh (Prof J.), notice of his me- 
moir on the attractions of sr)heroids, 
1831-32, 545. 

on the laws of reflexion and refraction 

from crystallized surfaces, 1835, 7. 

on the laws of double refraction in 

quartz, 1836, 18. 

* on the mathematical expressions 

which lead to an explanation of all the 
ordinary phenomena in optics, 1842, 12. 

• , address as President of Section A, 

1843, I. 

■ on the theory of total reflexion, and of 

the insensible refraction which accom- 
panies it, 1843, 4. 

-— — , remarks on Sir D. Brewster's paper 
on the ordinary refraction of Iceland 
spar, 1843, 7. 

' on M. Laurent's attempt to explain 

the phenomena of circular polarization in 
liquids, 1844, 7. 

*M'CuLLOCH (D.) on the statistics of the 
province of Nova Scotia, 1852, 119. 

M'Dermott (Mr.) on a new railway brake, 

1854, 157. 

*Macdonald (Dr.) on mnemonics, 1840, 

157. 
Macdonald (J.) on the form and dimen- 
sions of the human body, as ascertained 
by a universal measurer or andrometer, 

1855, 127. 

♦Macdonald (J. D.) on the homologies of 
the coats of Tunicata, with remarks on 
the physiology of the " pallial sinus " sys- 
tem of Brachiopoda, 1859, 170. 

Macdonald (Dr. W.) on the structure of 
fishes, so far as the analogies can be traced 
between the limbs of the mammals and 
the fins of fishes, 1840, 131. 

• on the unity of organization as ex- 
hibited in the skeleton of animals, 1845, 
62. 

on cranial vertebras, 1845, 85. 

■ on the erroneous division of the cer- 
vical and dorsal vertebrre, and the con- 
nexion of the first rib with the seventh 
vertebra, and the normal position of the 
head of the rib in mammals, 1848, 89. 

* on the external antenna of the Crus- 
tacean and Entomoid class, 1849, 78. 

* on the course of the blood in the 

circulation of the human foetus in the 
normal development, 1849, 78. 

* on the antenna; of the Annulosa, and 

their homology in the Macrourals, 1851, 81. 

— — on the vertebral homologies in animals, 
1855, 128. 



*Macdonald (Dr. W.) on the preadamitic 
condition of the globe, 1855, 148. 

* on the structure of shell mortars 

without touch-hole, to be discharged by 
galvanic circuit, 1855, 207. 

* on the cranium of osseous fishes and 

its vertebrate and articulate homologies, 
1857, 104. 

* on the sources and origins of human 

races and their languages, more especially 
the Celtic, 1857, 146. 

* on the osteology of Lophius pisca- 

torius, 1859, 265. 
M'DoNNELL (Dr.) on the differentia] pulse, 

1835, 98. 
Macdonnell (A.) on the atomic weight of 

magnesium, 1852, 36. 
*M'Donnell (J.) on the action of air on 

alkaline arsenites, 1859, 74. 
M'Donnell (Dr. E.) on the valvular appa- 
ratus connected with the vascular system 
of certain abdominal viscera, 1857, 1 1 5. 
on the formation of sugar and amy- 
loid substances in the animal economv, 
1860, 129. 
MacDouall (Prof.) on Medo-Persic philo- 
logy, 1852, 90. 
M'DowALL (P.) on the statistics of Eams- 

bottom, 1838, 168. 
*M'EvERs (Dr.) on a peculiar case of ste- 
rility, 1843, 87. 
M'Farland (Mr.) on the Fata Morgana of 

Ireland, 1852, 29. 
M'Farlane (P.) on a new construction of 

barometer, 1840, 55. 
M'Gauley (Rev. J. W.) on the application 
of magnetism as a moving power, and re- 
marks on the nature of magnetism, 1835, 
20. 

, experiments in electro-magnetism, in 

its application as a moving power, 1836, 
24. 

on an electro-magnetic apparatus for 

the production of electricity of high in- 
tensity, 1837, 24. 

on a new rotary engine, 1849, 118. 

Macgillivray (W.) on the central portion 
of the great mountain range of the south 
of Scotland, 1834, 650. 

's " Natural History of Deeside and 

Braemar," notice of, 1855, 118. 
*M'GowAN (Dr.) on certain phenomena at- 
tendant on volcanic eruptions and earth- 
quakes in China and Japan, 1859, 115. 

* on the cultivation of the opium poppy 

of China, 1859, 136. 

* on the native inhabitants of Formosa, 

1859, 186. 

* on Chinese genealogical tables, 1859, 

186. 

* on the trade currency of China, 1859, 

223. 

* on the ante -Christian settlement of 

the Jews in China, 1860, 170. 
M'GrREGOR (Mr.) on carbonic acid thrown 
off from the lungs, 1840, 87. 



158 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



Macgkkgoe (J.), early methods of propel- 
ling ships, 1857, 1 8a. 

Macintosh (J.) on the application of com- 
bustible compovmds to be used in war, 
1858, 214. 

on constructing and laying telegraph 

cables, 1858, 214. 

Mack AY (Mr.), notice of communication 
from Mr. J. Nuttall, on the management 
of the Pine tribe, 1836, 104. 

on the Irish Saxifrages, 1843, 78. 

Mackay (Dr.) on Matias bark, 1839, 61. 

on the chemical and medicinal pro- 
perties of the Matias bark, 1840, 1 60. 

Mackay (Dr. J. T.) on the treatment and 
flowering of a plant of Dracaena draco, 
or gum-dragon tree, 1850, 1 14. 

Mackay (K.) on a double monocephalic 
human monster, 1840, 163. 

Mackenzie (J. T.) on the trade and com- 
merce of India, 1859, 217. 

^Macicpie (W. A.) on the patent laws, 1856, 
164. 

Mackie (D.) on the tides of Dimdee and 
Glasgow, 1837, 5. 

Mackintosh (Dr.) on cholera, 1837, 107. 

on morbid preparations relating to 

dysmenorrhea, 1837, 107. 

on diseased lungs from sand respired, 

1837, 108. 

Mackworth (H.) on the metra, 1855, 207. 

Ma CL AG AN (Dr.) on the oil of assafcetida, 
1845, 33. 

on the composition of bread, 1855, 66. 

MacLaren (A.) on the influence of system- 
atized exercise on the expansion of the 
chest, 1860, 142. 

Maclaren (C.) on the geology of the Pent- 
land HiUs, 1834, 649. 

on the striated rocks of the Corstor- 

phine Hills near Edinburgh, Sir R. Mur- 
chison's notice of, 1842, 54. 

on traces of ancient glaciers in G-len- 

messan, 1850, 90. 

* on the excavation of certain river 

channels in Scotland, 1855, 83. 

Maclean (J.) on the submersion of electric 
cables, 1858, 215. 

MacLeay (W. S.), notice of some rare 
coleopterous insects from the collection 
of Mr. MeUy, 1837, 100. 

, notice of wood penetrated by Lim- 

noria terebrans, 1837, 100. 

MACLEOD (Lieut. L.) on the expedition to 
ascend the Niger to its source, 1852, 112. 

M'Leod (J. Lyons) on the resources of 
Eastern Africa, 1859, 188. 

M'Namara (Dr.) on coloured confectionary, 
1857, 55. 

M'Nerney (Mr.), statistics of poor relief 
and movement of population in the " com- 
mercial district " in the hundred of Wir- 
ral, Cheshire, 1854, 142. 

Maconociiie (Capt.) on the physical cha- 
racter and geology of Norfolk Island, 
1844, 57. 



Maconociiie (Capt.) on the statistics of the 
criminal population of Norfolk Island, 
1844, 93. 

Macpherson (Dr. D.), researches in the 
Crimean Bosphorus, and on the site of 
the ancient Greek city of Panticapaeum, 
(Kertch), 1856, 115. 

M'Pherson (E.), process for obtaining 
photolithographs, &c., 1855, 69. 

Mac Vicar (Rev. Dr. J. G.) on electricity, 
1833, 390. 

on the possibility of representing by 

diagrams the principal functions of the 
molecules of bodies, 1855, 66. 

on the philosophy of physics, 1859, 59. 

on the organic molecules and their re- 
lations to each other, and to the medium 
of hght, 1859, 72. 

M'WiLLiAM (Dr. J. O.) on the use of the 
Bofareira (Ricinus communis) as a means 
adopted by the natives of the Cape de 
Verd islands to excite lactation, 1850, 132. 

Madden (Dr.) on the connexion between 
the nerves and muscles, 1837, 106. 

Madden (Major E.) on the botanical geo- 
graphy of part of the Himalaya and 
Thibet, 1851, 72. 

*Maeren (C. Vander) on the progress of 
free trade on the Continent, 1857, 164. 

on free trade in Belgium, 1858, 184. 

*Mair (R.) on an application of galvanic 
power to machinery, 1855, 208. 

Malcolm (Dr. A. G.) on the sanitary state 
of Belfast, with suggestions for its im- 
provement, 1852, 119. 

on the influence of factory life on the 

health of the operative, 1855, 171. 

Malcolm (Admiral Sir C.) on a meteor 
seen in India, 1849, 24. 

Mallet (Prof. J. W.) on the atomic weight 
of aluminium, 1857, 53. 

, notice of Prof. Tuomey's geological 

map of Alabama, 1857, 78. 

Mallet (R.) on the application of electro- 
magnetism to manufactures, 1835, 18. 

on bleaching turf for the manufacture 

of paper, 1835, 47. 

on phenomena of flame from coal-gas, 

1835, 49. 

on the formation of crystallized me- 
tallic copper in Cronebane copper mine, 
and of native sulphate of iron and copper, 
1837, 47. 

on the mechanism of the movement 

of glaciers, 1837, 64. 

on the power of aged trees to re- 
produce themselves, 1837, 102. 

on a new case of the chemical action of 

light in the decoloration of recent solutions 
of caustic potass of commerce, 1838, 61. 

on the construction of the 36-inch 

mortars made by order of Her Majesty's 
Government, 1857, 186. 

Mantell (Dr. G. A.) on the zoological cha- 
racters of the Wealdenformation, 1831-32, 
587. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



169 



Mantell (Dr. G. A.), notice of reptilian re- 
mains, 1836, 94. 

on a newly discovered species of Unio, 

1844, 42. 

on the upper jaw of the Iguanodon, 

1850, 125. 

Marcet (Dr. W.) on the action of alcohol 
on the nervous system, 1859, 170. 

*Marcii (Dr.) on a screw-vent for turning 
spiked guns into use, 1855, 208. 

Marianini (Prof. Stepano), letter to the 
Secretaries, with abstract of his memoir 
on the magnetizing action of transitory 

, electric currents, 1842, 27. 

Markham (C. R.) on the final Arctic 
searching expedition, 1857, 146. 

* on the navigation of the Ucayali, an 

affluent of the Amazons, 1858, 153. 

*Marratt (F. p.) on some new mosses, 
1854, 102. 

Marratt (W.) on the discovery of an ich- 
thyosaurus near Tewkesbury, 1839, 70. 

Marshall (Dr. J. D.) on the zoology of 
Rathlin, 1835, 68. 

, notice of Bonaparte's Gull, Sabine's 

Gull, Little Auk, &c. shot near Belfast, 
1852, 77. 

Marshall (J. G.), description of a section 
across the Silurian rocks in Westmoreland, 
1839, 67. 

on the geology of the Lake District in 

reference especially to the metamorphic 
and igneous rocks, 1858, 84. 

on the history of flax-spinning in 

England, especially as developed in the 
town of Leeds, 1858, 184. 

Martin (Dr.) on the moral and intellectual 
character of the New Zealanders, 1845, 78. 

Martin (T.) on certain properties of the 
radii of curvature of curves and surfaces, 
and their application to the method of 
polar reciprocation, 1857, 4. 

Martins (Dr. C.) on the six climates of 
France, 1850, 46. 

, parallel between the superficial de- 
posits of the basin of Switzerland and 
those of the valley of the Po in Piedmont, 
1850, 90. 

Maskelyne (N. S.) on the bearings of pho- 
tography on chemical philosophy, 1847,56. 

Masters (M. T.) on the arrangement of 
the air-canals in the Nymphaeaceae (water- 
lilies), 1854, 102. 

on an abnormal growth in a rosewood 

tree, 1856, 90. 

* , contributions to vegetable teratology, 

1857, 97. 

on vegetable morphology and the 

theory of the metamorphosis of plants, 

1859, 136. 

on the normal and abnormal varia- 
tions from an assumed type in plants, 

1860, 112. 

Matteucci (M.), experiments on electro- 
. physiology, 1844, 38. 
, experiments on the amowit of work 



realized from the consumption of a given 
quantity of zinc acting on the limbs of 
an animal, and on the same quantity 
employed to work an inorganic machine, 
1844, 38. 

Matteucci (M.), researches in electro-phy- 
siology, 1846, 28. 

on the electrization of needles in dif- 
ferent media, 1846, 46. 

on the conductibility of the earthy 

1850, 56. 

on the laws of magnetism and dia- 

magnetism, 1852, 6. 

on the distribution of electrical cur* 

rents on the rotating disc of M. Arago, 
1853, 5. 

^ on the magnetism of rotation deve- 
loped in very small insulated metallic 
particles, 1853, 6. 

on the magnetism of rotation in 

masses of crystallized bismuth, 1853, 6. 

Matthews (W.), photographs exhibited of 
the quarry of Eowley Rag at Ponk Hill, 
Walsall, 1858, 93. 

Matthiessen (Dr. A.) on the metals of the 
alkaline earths, 1855, 66. 

on the combustibility and other pro- 
perties of the rarer metals, 1858, 57. 

Maugham (W.) on obtaining an increase 
of atmospheric pressure, and on liquefy- 
ing hydrogen and oxygen gases, 1838, 73. 

on a new compound of carbon and 

hydrogen, 1858, 72. 

Maule (Mr.) on a substitute for the forcing- 
pump in supplying steam-boilers, 1858, 
163. 

Maunsell (Dr. H.) on the statistics of 
the Dublin Foundling Hospital, 1835, 

"3- 

Maury (Capt.) on wind and current chartg- 
of the North Atlantic, 1848, 34. 

— — on antarctic expeditions, 1860, 44. 

on the climates of the antarctic regions, 

1860, 46. 

Maxwell (Prof. J. C.) on a method of draw- 
ing the theoretical forms of Faraday's 
lines of force without calculation, 1856, 12. 

on the unequal sensibility of the 

foramen centrale to light of diiFerent 
colours, 1856, 12. 

on the theory of compound colours 

with reference to mixtures of blue and 
yellow light, 1856, 12. 

on an instrument to illustrate Poinsot's 

theory of rotation, 1856, 27. 

on the dynamical theory of gases, 

1859, 9. 

on the mixture of the colours of the 

spectrum, 1859, 15. 
on an instrument for exhibiting the 

motions of Saturn's rings, 1859, 62. 
on the results of Bernoulli's theory of 

gases as applied to their internal friction, 

their difiusion, and their conductivity 

for heat, 1860, 15. 
on an instrument for exhibiting any 



160 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



mixture of the colours of the spectrum, 

1860, 16. 
May (C.) on railway chairs and compressed 

wood fastenings, 1851, 1 14. 
• on the application of chilled cast iron 

to the pivots of astronomical instruments, 

1851, 114. 
*May (D.), jowney in the Yoruba and 

Nupc countries, 1860, 170. 
Mayer (Enrico) on the infant industrial 

schools of Tuscany, 1843, 93. 
*Mayes (Sergeant W.), meteorological ob- 
servations made at Aden, 1844, 22. 
• , meteorological observations made at 

Aden, 1846, 26. 
, meteorological observations taken at 

Fort George Barracks, Bombay, 1846, 26. 
Mayne (Rev. C.) on preserving Echinoder- 

mata, 1835, 71. 
Mellon I (M.), experiments on radiant 

heat, 1833, 381, 382. 
Melville (Dr. A. Gr.) on the Lepidosiren, 

1847, 78. 
Meneghini (Prof. C, Gr.) on the advances 

of paloeontological discovery in Tuscany, 

1857, 79. 
Menteath (C. Gr. S.) on the limestone of 

Closeburn, 1834, 651. 
Mercer (J.) on some peculiar instances of 

(so-called) catalytic action, 1842, 32. 
• on the solvent power of solutions of 

acetates, 1844, 32. 
• on a new method of contracting the 

fibres of calico, and of obtaining on the 

calico thus prepared colours of much 

brilliancy, 1851, 51. 

• on chromatic photographs, 1858, 57. 

■ on the relation of the atomic weights 

of the families of the elements, 1858, 57. 
< on the atomic weights of the elements 

of six chemical families, 1858, 59. 
*Merriman (Dr. S. W. J.) on the compa- 
rative frequency of uterine conception, 

1844, 85. 
Merritt (Mr.) on the state of education in 

Liverpool, 1837, 138. 
*Metiiuex (R.) on the management of mer- 
cantile vessels, 1856, 164. 
Meynell (T.) on the fishes of Yorkshire, 

1844, 62. 
*Miall (Dr.) on the melting-points of 

bodies, 1857, 53. 
*Miciiel (H. E.) on the abandoned work- 
ings of the Australian gold-fields, 1854, 

142. 
MiCHELL (T.) on the Russian trade with 

Central Asia, 1859, 186. 
MiciiELSOx (Dr.) on the flowers and vege- 
tation of the Crimea, 1855, 106. 
* on the flora of the Crimea, 1856, 

90. 
* on the geography of breadstuffs, 

1856, 90. 

* on serfdom in Russia, 1860, 191. 

*MiCKrE (J.), cruise in the Gulf of Pe-che-li 

.and Leo-tung, China, 1860, 170. 



MiDDENDORFP (Pi'of. vou) ou Certain races 
of Siberia, 184(), 115. 

MiDDLEMORE (R.) ou the treatment of cap- 
sular cataract, 1839, 96. 

on an operation for an artificial pupil, 

1839, 96. 

Miles (Rev. Dr. C. P. M.) on the fauna of 
the Clyde, and on the vivaria exhibited in 
the City Hall, Glasgow, 1855, 114. 

Millar (Capt.) on the state of crime in 
Glasgow, 1840, 169. 

on the state of crime in London, 

Dublin, and Glasgow, 1840, 173. 

*Miller (General) on the Sandwich Is- 
landers, 1844, 83. 

Miller (Hugh) on certain extraordinary 
jDCCuliarities of structure in the more 
ancient ganoids, 1850, 91. 

on peculiar scratched pebbles and 

fossil specimens from the boulder clay, 
and on chalk flints and oolitic fossils from 
the boulder clay in Caithness, 1850, 93. 

on the less-known fossil floras of Scot- 
land, 1855, 83. 

Miller (John),' fossil plants of the old red 
sandstone of Caithness, 1855, 85. 

on some new fossils from the old red 

sandstone of Caithness, 1859, 115. 

— — on the age of the reptilian sandstones 
of Morayshire, 1859, 115. 

Miller (J. F.) on the fall of rain in the 
Lake districts of Cumberland and West- 
moreland, and other places, 1846, 18. 

, readings of mountain rain-gauges, 

1846, 21. 

Miller (W.) on decimal coinage, 1854, 
142. 

* on the decimalization of the tariff, 

1854, 143. 

Miller (Prof. W. A.) on the action of gases 

on the prismatic spectrum, 1845, 28. 
, analysis of wrought iron produced by 

cementation from cast iron, 1848, 55. 
on the atomic weight of oxygen, 1860, 

70. 
Miller (Prof. W, H.) on the construction 

of a new barometer, 1833, 414. 
• on the positions of the axes of optical 

elasticity in oblique prismatical crystals, 

1834, 556. 
on the unequal expansion of minerals 

in different directions by heat, 1837, 43. 
on Wollaston's goniometer, 1838, 

153- 

MiLLiGAN (J.) on the pressure of the atmo- 
sphere, and its power in modifying and 
determining hemorrhagic disease, 1858, 
138. 

MiLLiNGEN (Dr.), the vaccine virus pre- 
served in glycerine, 1857, 115. 

*MiLLS (G.) on manoeuvring steamers, 

1855, 208. 

Milne (Mr.), notice of a high-pressure filter 
for domestic purposes, 1840, 211. 

Milne (D.)on the geology of Berwickshire, 
1834, 624. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



161 



Milne (D.) on the Berwick and North 
Durham coal-fields, 1838, 76. 

* notice respecting the metalliferous 

veins of Tjndrum, 1840, 97. 

on earthquakes in Scotland, 1840, 97. 

Milne (J.) on a gas regulator, 1840, 213. 

*MiLNE (J. D., jun.) on the homologous 
development of the muscular system, 
1859, 265. 

Milne-Edwards (M.) on the metamorpho- 
sis of certain trilobites discovered by M. 
Barrande, 1849, 59. 

MiLNER (W. R.) on the influence of various 
circumstances in causing gain or loss in 
the weight of prisoners in Wakefield con- 
vict-prison, 1858, 139. 

MiLNES (R. Monckton), concluding address 
to the Statistical Section, 1856, 161. 

MiLWARD (A.) on an extensive mud-slide in 
the island of Malta, 1848, 70. 

on the origin of " dirt-bands" on gla- 
ciers, 1848, 71. 

on an instrument called the " Upton 

draining tool," as illustrating a principle 
by which the resistance of soils to agri- 
cultiiral implements may be considerably 
diminished, 1849, 122, 

on the condition of the city and neigh- 
bourhood of Malaga, 1850, 151. 

MiNCHiN (Dr.) on the macrocephali of Hip- 
pocrates, 1857, 146. 

Mitchell (Mr.) on timber bridges, 1840, 
197. 

Mitchell (H.) on new fossils from the 
lower old red sandstone, 1859, 116. 

Mitchell (J. M.) on the economical history 
and statistics of the herring, 1860, 191. 

*Mitchell (Rev. W.) on descriptive labels 
for mineral collections in public institu- 
tions, 1856, 57. 

* on the Koh-i-noor previous to its 

cutting, 1860, 87. 

Moberley (Rev. Dr.) on a large Plesio- 
saurus discovered in lias, 1848, 78. 

♦Moffat (Dr. T.) on the action of the 
carbo-azotic acid and the carbo-azotates 
on the human body, 1855, 121. 

*MoPFATT (Dr.) on the existence of ozone 
. in the atmosphere, 1848, 56. 

Moggeridge (M.) on two cases of uncom- 
mon atmospheric refraction, 1848, 33. 

on a peculiarity in the Protococcus 

nivalis, 1848, 86. 

on the time required for the formation 

of "rolled stones," 1856, 69. 

MoHR (Dr.) on a new method of preparing 
morphia and its salts, 1840, 78. 

MoiQNO (Abbe), notice of a new arithmo- 
meter, or calculating machine, by T. de 
Colmar, 1854, i ; notice of M. Babinet's 
homalographic maps, 2. 

on the preservation of milk, 1854, 74. 

— — on a method of determining whether 
the limiiniferous vibrations are parallel 
or perpendicular to the plane of polariza- 
tion, 1857, 9. 



MoiGNO (Abbe), notices of photography^ 

1857, 53. 
on three new electrotype processes, 

1857, 54. 

, supplement to Newton's method of 

resolving equations, 1859, 9. 
on M. Ruhmkorff's new electro-medical 

apparatus, 3859, 62. 
on Becquerel's phosphoroscope, 1859, 

62. 

on a new photometer, 1859, 62. 

on the phonautograph, an instrument 

for registering simple and compound 

sounds, 1859, 62. 
* on matches without phosphorus or 

poison, 1859, 74. 

, notice of a nephelogene, 1859, 74. 

* on Corne and Demeaux's disinfecting 

and deodorizing powder, 1859, 74. 
on preserving milk perfectly pure in 

the natural state, without any chemical 

agent, 1859, 74. 
— — on a new gas-burner, 1859, 237. 
* on a helicometer, an instrument for 

measuring the thrust of the screw pro- 
peller, 1859, 237. 
* on M. Giffard's automatic injector 

for feeding boilers, 1859, 237. 
* on an application of the moving 

power arising from tides to manufacturing, 

agricultural and other purposes, 1859, 

237- 

MoLESwoRTH (G. L.) on tangent- wheels, 
1857, 186. 

MoLYNEux (W.) on the coal strata of North 
Stafibrdshire, with reference particularly 
to their organic remains, 1859, 103. 

on fossil fish from the North Stafford- 
shire coal-fields, 1860, 88. 

Moncriepf's (Rev. Dr.) treatise on arith- 
metic in the Chinese language. Rev. Dr. 
Bryce's account of, 1852, i. 

Montgomery (Dr. W. F.) on a newly dis- 
covered peculiarity in the uterine decidua, 
1836, 121. 

Moore (Mr.) on corroded leaden pipe, 
1835, 55. 

Moore (A.) on registration of births, deaths, 
and marriages in Ireland, 1857, 1 64. 

Moore (C.) on the skin and food of Ich- 
thyosauri and Teleosauri, 1856, 69. 

• on the middle and upper lias of the 

West of England, 1856, 70. 

on triassic beds near Frome, and their 

organic remains, 1858, 93 

on the supposed Wealden and other 

beds near Elgin, 1859, 264. 

* on Brachiopoda, and on the develop- 
ment of the loop in Terebratula, 1859, 
265. 

on the contents of three square yards 

of triassic drift, 1860, 87. 

Moore (D.) on the plants which, by their 
growth and decomposition, form the prin- 
cipal part of the Irish turf-bogs, 1857, 
97- 



162 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



MooRB (Dr. E.) on the discovery of organic 
remains, in a raised beach, in the lime- 
stone cliff imder the Hoe at Plymouth, 
1841, 62. 

on the strata penetrated in sinking an 

Artesian well at the Victoria spa, Ply- 
mouth, 1841, 63. 

* , notice of fossils discovered in some 

of the slate rocks, 1841, 64. 

*MooRE (J.) on Syrrhaptis paradoxus, 1859, 
257. 

Moore (O. A.) on the flora of Yorkshire, 
1844, 70. 

MooRE (Dr. W.), statistics of small-pox and 
vaccination in the United Kingdom, 1859, 
223. 

MooRSOM (Admiral) on the want of facts 
respecting the performance of vessels at 
sea, 1857, 187. 

■■ ■ on the performance of steam-vessels, 
the functions of the screw, and the rela- 
tions of its diameter and pitch to the 
form of the vessel, 1858, 215. 

on the performance of steam-vessels, 

1859, 237. 

*MoRGAN (W.) on some bones found in the 
bed of the Tawey, 1848, 71. 

MoRO (G-.) on the communication between 
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, through 
the Isthmus of Tehuan tepee, 1844, 58. 

MoRREN (Prof.) on the production of vanilla 
in Europe, 1838, 116. 

Morris (Rev, F. O.) on zoological nomen- 
clature, 1844, 78. 

"*- on a plan for preventing the stealing 

of letters by letter-carriers, 1844, 103. 

— — on progressive, practical, and scientific 
education, 1853, 107. 

on the specific distinctions of Uria 

troile and Uria lacrymans, 1857, 105. 

Morris (Prof. J.) on the geology of the 
neighbourhood of Stamford and Peter- 
borough, 1847, 127. 

on the genus Siphonotreta, with a de- 
scription of a new species, 1849, 57. 

*MoRRisoN (Lieut.) on an instrument for 
measuring the electricity of the atmo- 
sphere, 1837, 38. 

on the magnet-electrometer, 1838, 74. 

*— — on an analogy between the atomic 
weights of certain gases and the expan- 
sions of the colours of the solar spectrum, 
1839, 29. 

Morrison (Rev. J.) on some fossils found 
at Elgin, 1859, 115. 

-^ on fossil remains found at Urquhart 

near Elgin, 1859, 263. 

Morriss-Stirling (T. D.) on proposed sub- 
stitutes for the potato, 1840, 90. 

Mortimer (J.) on a fish with four eyes, 
1838, no. 

Mosander (Prof. C. Or.) on the new metals 
lanthanium and didymium, which are as- 
sociated with cerium ; and on erbium and 

^ terbiimi, new metals associated with yttria, 
1843, 25 ; addendum, 30. 



*MoSELEY (Prof.) on the theory of locomd- 

tion, 1836, 130. 
on the equilibrium of the arch, 1837, 

133- 

Moseley (Rev. H.) on a machine for calcu- 
lating the numerical values of definite in- 
tegrals, 1841, 35. 

on the cause of the descent of glaciers, 

1860, 48. 

Moser (M.) on a very curious fact connected 
with photography, 1842, 14. 

Moses (F.) on the subsidences which have 
taken place in the mineral basin of South 
Wales, 1848, 71. 

MossoTTi (Prof.) on the calculation of an 
observed eclipse or occultation of a star, 
1855, 26. 

on the distribution of the orbits of the 

comets in space, 1857, 23. 

Motley (T.) on the construction of a rail- 
way with cast-iron sleepers, 1838, 157. 

on a suspension-bridge over the Avon, 

1838, 157. 

MouNSEY (J. C.) on a singular iridescent 
phenomenon seen on Windermere Lake, 
1855, 41. 

MoY (T.), improvements in the mode of 
working steam-engines, 1857, 187. 

on the philosophy of the wave-line 

system of ship-building, 1857, 188. 

Mo YES (Corporal W.), observations with 
the thermometer, at Aden in Arabia, 
1843, 22. 

*MuLDER (Prof) on proteine and its com- 
pounds, 1847, 57. 

on the presence of carbonates in blood, 

1850, 57. 

*MuLLER (Dr. H.) on a new acetic ether 
occurring in a natural resin, 1860, 7 1 ; on 
the isomers of cumol, 71. 

*MuLLER (Dr. S.), geognostic sketch of the 
western position of Timor, 1858, 153. 

^Mulligan (Mr.), quantitative estimation 
of tannin in some tanning materials, 
1859, 75. 

MuNBY (G-.) on the vegetable productions of 
Algiers, 1849, 71. 

MuNRO (Major) on the transmutation of 
jEgilops into Triticum, 1852, 68. 

MuNROE (Dr. H.), statistics relative to the 
northern whale fisheries, 1853, 109. 

MuRCHisoN (Sir R. I.), remarks on Mr. 
Hutton's paper on the Whin Sill of Cum- 
berland and Northumberland, 1831-32, 

on the old red sandstone and the for- 
mations beneath it, 1834, 652. 
on the Silurian system of rocks, 1835, 

59- 

on the hydrography of the Severn, 

1836, 88. 

, notice of a large fish (Holoptychius 

nobilissimus) from the old red sandstone 
of Clashbennie, Fifeshire, 1836, 94. 

, classification of the old slate rocks of 

the north of Devonshire, 1836, 95. 



I 



SECTIONS. INDEX Of AUTHORS. 



163 



MuRCHisoN (Sir R. T.), on the fishea of the 

Ludlow rocks, or upper beds of the Silu- 
rian system, 1837, 91. 
on the Silurian system of strata, 1838, 

80. 
■ "" on the carboniferous and Devonian 

systems of Westphalia, 1839, 72. 
on the fishes of the old red sandstone, 

1840, 99. 
> on the stratified deposits which occupy 

the northa-n and central regions of Rus- 
'■ sia, 1840, 105. 
, notice of new geological maps of 

different parts of Germany, 1840, 

124. 
, notice of a memoir on the geology of 

the Western States of North America, by 

Dr. D. Dale Owen, 1842, 44. 
on the geological structure of Russia, 

1842, 45. 

on the distinction between the striated 

surface of rocks and parallel undulations 
dependent on original structure, 1842, 

53- 
, the *' Permian system" as applied to 

Germany, with collateral observations on 

similar deposits in other countries, 1843, 

52. 
on the fossil contents of the tertiary 

and alluvial basin of the Middle Rhine, 

1843, 55. 

— — , notice of a relievo map of England 

and Wales, 1843, 64. 
on the palaeozoic rocks of Scandina-via 

and Russia, 1844, 53. 
, notice of new Swedish and Norwegian 

maps, 1844, 55. 
* , notice of Dr. Mantell's geological 

map of the Isle of Wight, 1846, 58 ; 

notice of a beetle found imbedded in 

some artificial concrete, 82. 
on Count Keyserling's Geology of the 

N.E. extremity of Russia in Europe, 

1847, 65. 
on the metamorphosis of certain tri- 

lobites discovered by M. Barrande, 1849, 

•58- 

on the distribution of gold ore in the 

crust and on the surface of the earth, 
1849, 60. 

on the discovery of palteozoic fossils 

in the crystalline chain of the Forez in 
France, and on lines of dislocation be- 
tween the lower and upper carboniferous 
deposits of France and Germany, 1850, 
96. 

, review of the labours of M. Barrande 

in his work "The Silurian System of 
Bohemia," 1850, 97. 

on the scratched and polished rocks of 

Scotland, 1851, 66. 

* , notice of Sir J. Brooke's notes on the 

geography of the northern portion of 
Borneo, 1851, 89. 

>- on the palaeozoic rocks of Germany, 

1854,87. 



MuRCHisoN (Sir R. I.) notice of the dis- 
covery of rippled surfaces and trails of 
animals in the old red sandstone, 1854, 

on the relations of the crystalline 

rocks of the North Highlands to the old 
red sandstone of that region, and on the 
discoveries of fossils in the former by 
Mr. C. Peach, 1855, 85. 

, new geological map of Europe, 1855, 

88. 

, note on a geological survey of the 

region between Constantinople and 
Broussa in Asia Minor, in search of coal, 

1855, 94. 

on the bone-beds of the upper Lud- 
low rock, and base of the old red sand- 
stone, 1856, 70. 

, account of Rev. Dr. Livingstone's re- 
turn journey across Southern Africa, 

1856, 113. 

, the quartz rocks, crystalline lime- 
stones, and micaceous schists of the 
North-western Highlands of Scotland 
proved to be of lower Silurian age, 1857, 
82. 

, some results of researches among the 

older rocks of the Highlands of Scotland, 
1858, 94. 

, address as President of the Geogra- 
phical and Ethnological Section, 1858, 

143- 
, extracts from Mr. W. Russell's letter 

relative to the death of M. Adolphe 

Schlagintweit, 1858, 152. 
, notice of the project of a canal across 

the Isthmus of Kraw, which divides the 

Gulf of Bengal from that of Siam, 1858, 

153- 

, his address as President of Section E, 

1860, 148. 

* , exhibited a new geological map of 

the vicinity of Oxford, 1860, 90. 

Murphy (J. J.) on a proposal for the esta- 
blishment of a uniform reckoning of time 
in connexion with the telegraph, 1857} 
26. 

on an instance of converging rays 

seen at Green-island, on the Antrim shore 
of Belfast Lough, 1857, 35. 

, reasons for extending limited liability 

tojoint-stock banks, 1857, 165. 

^ on a proposed floating lighthouse, 

1858, 218. 

on the distribution of heat over the 

sun's surface, 1859, 50. 

^Murphy (R.) on solution of the prin- 
cipal questions which are treated of in 
Fourier's Theorie de la Chaleur, 1831-32, 

547. , . , , 

Murray (Dr.), meteorological observations 
made at Mahabuleshwar, India, 1839, 

15- 
Murray (A.) on additions to our knowledge 
of the zoology of Western Africa, 1855, 
114. ^ - 

m2 



164 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Murray (A.) on a new species of Galago 
(Galago murinus) from Old Calabar, 
1859, 153. 

- on the disguises of nature, 1859, 

175- 
♦Murray (B. A.), demonstration that the 

three angles of every triangle are equal to 

two right angles, 1857, 4. 
on a machine for spinning silk from 

the cocoon, 1857, 188. 
*Murray (J.), notice of a new life-boat, and 

of a work printed upon paper made from 

New Zealand flax, 1836, 132. 

on the milk of the cow-tree, and on 

two sorts of paper manufactured from the 
Phormiimi tenax and the Musa textilis, 
1837, 58. 

* on the water of the Dead Sea, 1838, 

73- 
Murray (Sir J.) on the influence of artificial 
rarefaction in some diseases, and the 
effects of its condensation in others, 1835, 

96- 

on the disordered conditions of the 

human body caused by the lu-inary salts, 
1837, 100. 

on neuralgia and fluid magnesia, 1839, 

106. 
on the choice of perennial rather than 

annual fertilizers, 1857, 54. 
on the laying of submarine telegraph 

cables, 1857, 189. 
Murray (J. D.) on the vitality of potato 

seeds, 1847, 86. 
MusHET (D.) on the deoxidation of iron ore, 

1836, 64. 

on a metallic cement from iron ore, 

1836, 65. 

* on the waste experienced by hot and 

cold blast iron during the process of re- 
fining, 1837, 56. 

on the quality of iron for railways, 

1837, 134. 

MusHET (R.), description of an ancient 
miner's axe discovered in the Forest of 
Dean, 1856, 71. 

MuspRATT (Dr. J. S.) on the supposed for- 
mation of valerianic acid from indigo, 
and on the acid formed by the action of 
hydrate of potash upon lycopodium, 1844, 

33- 
Myers (Rev. T.) on ethno-epo-graphy, 
1844, 84. 

*Nachot (M.) on new forms of microscope, 

adapted for physiological demonstration, 

1855, 12. 
*Napier ( J. R.) on a new method of drying 

timber, 1855, 208. 

* on a simple boat plug, 1855, 208. 

* on the launch of the steamer ' Persia,' 

1855, 208. 
*Napier (R.) on the apprenticeship system 

in reference to the freedom of labour, 

1857, 166. 
Napier and Sons' (Messrs. R.) experiments 



on the strength of wrought iron and steel, 
1859, 242. 

Napier (Mr.), process of etching glass in 
relief by hydrofluoric acid, 1859, 88. 

*NASMYTn (A. J.) on the cellular structure 
of the ivory, enamel, and pulp of the 
teeth, as well as of the epitheUum, &c., 
1839, 109. 
Report of the Council, with the corre- 
spondence and documents relating to 
the above, 1841, i ; 1842, i. 

Nasmyth (J.) on the bending of silvered 
plate glass into mirrors, 1839, 7. 

on the application of the law of defi- 
nite proportions to the stratification of 
clouds, 1842, 26. 

on the strength of hammered and an- 
nealed bars of iron and railway axles, 
1842, 105. 

on a peculiar property of coke, 1848, 

56. 

on the chemical character of steel, 

1848, 57. 

on an oil test, 1849, 124. 

on the structure of the lunar surface 

and its relation to that of the earth, 1850, 

25. 
— — on an improved safety-valve, 1851, 

"5- 

on a steam-fan for the ventilation of 

coal-mines, 1851, 116. 
* on an improved apparatus for casting 

the specula of reflecting telescopes, 1851, 

116. 
, proposed theory of the origin of the 

asteroids, 1852, 21. 

on drawings of the moon, 1853, 14. 

on the structure of lunar volcanic 

craters, 1854, 91. 

on a method of boring holes in rock 

for tunneling purposes, 1854, 157. 

on a marine mortar for destroying 

ships, 1854, 158. 

on a lightning conductor for chimneys, 

1854, 158. 

on the form of lightning, 1856, 14. 

on the plastic origin of the cuneiJEbrm 

character, and its relation to our own 

alphabet, 1856, 118. 
on some phenomena in connexion with 

molten substances, 1857, 26. 
*Nasse (Prof.) on the composition of the 

blood and bones of domestic animals, 

1842, 40. 
Naylor (W.) on a new double-acting steam 

hammer, 1853, 218. 
Neild (W.) on the income and expenditure 

of the working classes in Manchester and 

Dukinfield, 1841, 90. 
on the poUce statistics of Manchester, 

1845, 89. 
* criminal and miscellaneous statistical 

returns of the Manchester police, 1846, 

98. 
Neison (F. O. p.), statistics of crime in 

England and Wales, 1846, 102. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



165 



Neison (F. G. p.) on education and crime, 
1847, loi. 

on the mortality of the provident 

classes in this country and on the conti- 
nent, 1850, 151. 

, analytical view of railway accidents 

in this country and on the continent of 

Europe, 1853, 109. 

on phthisis in the army, 1858, 189. 

Nelson (Dr. H.) on the fecundation of the 

ova in Ascaris mystax, 1855, 131. 
*Neville (J.) on the flow of water through 

circular pipes, 1857, 189. 
Nevins (Dr. J. B.) on the storms which 

have visited England and Ireland during 

1852, 1853, and 1854, with reference to 
the theory of rotatory storms, 1854, 30. 

Newbiggin (Dr. P.) on the therapeutic effect 
of croton oil in certain nervous disorders, 
1840, 156. 

Newman (Prof.) on the Ghadamsi dialect of 
Berber, 1847, 124. 

on the Soukaneeah dialect of the Ber- 
ber, 1850, 142, 

Newmajj (J.) on a new method of construct- 
ing a portable barometer, 1833, 417. 

Nkwmarch (W.) on new supplies of gold, 

1853, no. 

* , magnitude and fluctuation of the 

circulation of bills of exchange, 1854, 

143- 

, facts and statements connected with 

the question — whether, in consequence of 
the gold discoveries, its exchangeable 
value has fallen below its former level, 

1854, 143. 

• on emigration from the United King- 
dom, and from France and Germany, 

1855, 183. 

*— — , remarks on two lectures delivered at 
Oxford on the subject of his paper " On 
the Loans raised by Mr. Pitt," 1855, 

183- 

— — on the Credit mobilier and other recent 
credit institutions in France, 1856, 146 ; 
1858, 194. 

on the former and present plans of 

disposing of the waste lands in the Aus- 
tralian colonies, 1856, 146. 

on the recent legislation relative to 

joint-stock companies and joint-stock 
banks, 1857, 166. 

*— — on some of the economical questions 

connected with the effect of the new gold 

in diminishing the difficulties of the last 

few years, 1857, 166, 
on the history of prices of 1857 and 

1858, 1858, 194. 
* on some schemes of taxation, and the 

difficulties of them, 1860, 194. 
Newport (Gt.) on the reciprocal relation of 

the vital and physical forces, 1850, 133. 
NiCHOL (Prof) on the observatory erecting 

near Glasgow, 1840, i. 
on the state of the observatory at 

Glasgow, 1842, 12. 



NiCHOL (Prof.) on the chronology of tho 
formations of the moon, 1855, 28. 

* on climatological elements in the 

western district of Scotland, 1855, 42. 

Nicholson (E. C.) on the estimation of iron 
by the method of Marguerite, and on the 
preparation of the standard solution of 
permanganate of potash, 1854, 74. 

on the chemical composition of some 

iron ores called " brass" occurring in the 
coal-measures of South Wales, 1855, 66. 

Nicholson (P.) on the oblique arch, 1838, 
152. 

Nicholson (W.) on Gordon's plan of ven- 
tilating coal-mines, 1849, 125. 

NicoL (Prof. J.) on the geology of the 
southern extremity of Cantyre, Argyle- 
shire, 1850, 100. 

* on the occurrence of glacier moraines 

in Arran, 1852, 55. 

^ on the structure of the South Silu- ' 

rian mountains of Scotland, 1852, 55. 

— — , new geological map of Europe, 1855, " 
88. 

on striated rocks and other evidences 

of ice-action observed in the north of 
Scotland, 1855, 88. 

on the age and relations of the gneiss 

rocks in the north of Scotland, 1858, 96. 

— on the geological structure of the vici- 
nity of Aberdeen and the north-east of 
Scotland, 1859, 116. 

on the relations of the gneiss, red 

sandstone, and quartzite in the North- 
west Highlands, 1859, 119. 

NicoL (W.) on the anatomical structure of 
recent and fossil woods, 1834, 660. 

on the structure of Coniferse, 1835, 73. 

*NicoLAY (Eev. C. J.) on the systematic 
classification of watersheds and water- 
basins, 1851, 89. 

* on certain places in the Pacific, in 

connexion with the great-circle sailing, 
1853, 89. 

on the eastern territory of the Ecua- 
dor and the river Napo, 1854, 123. 

NiEPCE DB St. Victor (M.) on two new 
photochemical experiments, 1859, 260. 

Nilsson (Prof.) on changes in the fauna of 
Sweden, 1847, 79. 

NivEN (N.) on the arrangement of plants 
for a botanic garden, 1835, 80. 

on vegetable physiology, 1837, 102. 

on the importance of understanding 

the root principle in the cultivation of 
trees, 1857, 98. 

on the remarkable result of an experi- 
ment upon a fruit-bearing tree, 1857, 
100. 

*NivERE (M.) on cottage gardening and 
labourers' holdings, 1857, 166. 

Noble (Mr.) on the influence of the factory 
system in the development of pulmonary 
consumption, 1842, 96. 

Normandy (Dr.) on the marine aerated 
freshwater apparatus, 1865, 68. 



166 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Northampton (Marquis of), summary of 
observations with the thermometer at 
Aden, 1843, 22. 

Norton (Capt. J.) on railway signals, 1854, 
158. 

Norton (J. P.) on the ashes of oats, 1845, 

35' 

on the composition of slate rocks, and 

the soils formed from them, 1845, 38. 

Norwood (Rev. T. W.) on the comparative 
geology of Hotham, near South Cave, 
Yorkshire, 1858, 96. 

on the race and language of the gip- 
sies, 1858, 195. 

NoTT (J.) on a new electrical machine, and 
upon the electricity of the atmosphere, 
1843, 15. 

*NouRSE (W. E. C) on ascertaining the 
causes of death in birds and animals, 1856, 

97- 
•— on the medical indications of poison- 
ing, 1856, 97. 

on the colours of leaves and petals, 

1858, 115; 1859, 138. 

on the habits and instincts of the 

chameleon, 1859, 153. 

■ on the organs of the senses, and on 

the mental perceptive faculties connected 
with them, 1859, 171. 

Nugent (Lord) on the sea rivulets in Ce- 
phalonia, 1836, 81. 

NuNNELEY (T.) on the form of the eyeball, 
and the relative position of the entrance 
of the optic nerve into it in different 
animals, 1858, 139. 

on the structure of the retina at the 

punctum centrale, or foramen of Soem- 
mering, 1858, 141. 

on the structiire of the choroid coat of 

the eye, and more particularly on the 
character and arrangement of the pig- 
mentary matter, 1858, 141. 

Nuttall (J.) on the management of the 
pine tribe, 1836, 104. 

O'Beirne (Dr. J.) on the functions and 
diseases of the intestinal canal, 1835, 105. 

on tetanus, 1836, 109. 

O'Brien (Eev. M.) on the propagation of 
waves in a resisted medium, and on the 
dispersion and absorption of light, 1844, 
8. 

O'Connor (Dr.) on the sudden falling off 
of the hair of the head, eyebrows, and 
eyelashes from fright, 1843, 84. 

O'Donovan (Dr. J.) on the surnames of the 
Irish people, 1857, 130. 

*0'Flanagan (Mr.), description of the 
Blackwater river, 1843, 93. 

O'Meara (Rev. E.) on the forms of Diato- 
maceae foimd in chalk, 1857, 97. 

O'Neill (J.) on a plan for giving alarms in 
passenger trains, 1858, 219. 

Odling (Dr. W.) on the alkaline emana- 
tions from sewers and cesspools, 1856, 
57- 



OrLiNG (Dr. W.) on the detection of anti- 
mony for medico-legal purposes, 1856, 

57- 

on the condition of Thames water as 

affected by London sewage, 1857, 44. 

on the presence of copper in the tissues 

of plants and animals, 1857, 55. 

on the effects of alum in panification, 

1857, 55. 

on the atom of tin, 1858, 58. 

on Marsh's test for arsenic, 1859, 75. 

on the composition of Thames water, 

1859, 75. 

• on a new mode of bread-making, 1859, 

76. 

CErsted (Prof.) on the compressibility of 
water, 1833, 353. 

on the deviation of falling bodies from 

the perpendicular, 1846, 2. 

on the changes which mercury some- 
times suffers in glass vessels hermetically 
sealed, 1846, 37. 

Ogilby (W.) on the scientific principles on 
which classification in the higher depart- 
ments of zoologj' should be based, 1845, 
62. 

on the geographical distribution of 

animals in connexion with the progress 
of human civilization, 1852, 78. 

on the dispersion of domestic animals 

in connexion with the primary ethno- 
logical divisions of the human race, 1857, 
105. 

Ogilvie (Dr. Gr.) on the vegetative axis of 
ferns, 1859, 139. 

on the genetic cycle in organic nature, 

1859, 172. 

on the structure of fern stems, 1860, 

112. 

Oldham (J.) on the Gresham buoy, for re- 
cording the loss of missing ships at sea, 
1858, 219. 

Oldham (Thomas) on the occurrence of 
marine shells in the gravels of Ireland, 
1844, 57. 

on the geology of the county of Wick- 
low, 1848, 71. 

, general sketch of the districts visited 

by the Greological Survey of India, 1857, 
85. 

Oliphant (L.), notes on Japan, 1859, 
194. 

Oliphant (W.) on the skull of a Manatus 
senegalensis (sea cow) from Old Calabar, 
and some account of the Egbo Society, 
1855, 117. 

Oliver (J. Y.) on the Baron de Bode's in- 
sulated compass, 1845, 16. 

Ollier (M.) on the artificial production of 
bone and osseous grafts, 1860, 143. 

Ollipfe (Dr.) on a peculiar disease of tlie 
biliary ducts, 1843, 79. 

on intestinal obstruction, 1843, 82. 

Oppenheim (Dr. A.) on the comparative 
value of certain salts for rendering fibrous 
Bubstances non-inflammable, 1859, 86. 



SECTIONS. -=-rNDEX OF AUTHORS. 



167 



'Oppbrt (Dr. J.), geographical and histo- 
rical results of the French scientific ex- 
pedition to Babylon, 1855, 148. 

Oram (Mr.) on cementing small coal and 
coal-dust for fuel, 1838, 85. 

on the economy of fuel, 1839, 69. 

Orlebar (A. B.) on the magnetic and me- 
teorologic observatory at Bombay, 1847, 
28. 

Ormerod (G^. W.) on the extent of the 
Northwich salt-field, 1846, 62. 

on the drainage of a portion of Chat 

Moss, 1848, 72. 

on the gradual subsidence of a portion 

of the surface of Chat Moss in Lancashire, 
by drainage, 1850, 10 1. 

*Osborn (Mr.), notice of the new volcanic 
island, 1831-32, 85. 

OsBORN (H.) on the presence of atmo- 
spheric air, uncombined chlorine, and 
carbonic acid in the water of wells in the 
suburbs of Southampton, and their action 
on lead, 1846, 42. 

*OsBORN (Capt. S.) on the Arctic expedi- 
tions, 1855, 149. 

* on the Sea of Azof, and the Sivash or 

Putrid Sea, 1857, 148. 

■ on the Yang-tse-kiang, and its future 

commerce, 1859, 196, 

* on the formation of oceanic ice in the 

Arctic regions, 1860, 170. 

Osborne (Dr.) on the efiects of cold on the 
human body, and on a mode of measuring 
refrigeration, 1835, 94. 

* on the statistics of lunacy, with 

special relation to the asylum in Cork, 
1843, 96. 

Osler (A. F.) on a new registering anemo- 
meter and rain-gauge, 1837, 33. 

■ , account of some indications of the 

anemometers at Plymouth and Birming- 
ham, 1839, 17. 

-- — on the application of the principle of 
the vernier to the subdividing of time, 
1842, 9. 

■■ on the results of certain anemometers, 
1849,25. 

< , registers from his new integrating 

anemometer, 1850, 46. 

— — on his anemometer and rain-gauge at 
the Liverpool observatory, 1854, 34. 

on a portable self-registering anemo- 
meter for recording the direction and 
amount of horizontal motion of the air, 
1858, 38. 

Oswald (F.) on the occurrence of Silurian 
rocks at Ober and Neu SchmoUen, near 
Breslau, in Silesia, 1845, 47. 

*OuTRAM (Sir B. F.) on Hartlepool pier 
and port as a harbour of refuge, 1865, 
149. 

Overweg's (Dr.) discovery of Devonian 
rocks in North Africa, Prof. E. Forbes on, 
1851, 58. 

Owen (Dr. D. D.), notice of his memoir on 
the geology of the Western States of North 



America, by Sir E. I. Murchison, 1842, 

44. 
Owen (J.) on the neglect of naval archi- 
tecture in Great Britain, 1831-32, 608. 

on naval architecture, 1833, 430. 

Owen (Prof.) on the production of cataract 

by a worm, 1837, 98. 

on Marsupiata, 1838, 105. 

on the structure of the teeth, and the 

resemblance of ivory to bone, 1838, 135. 
, letter respecting Mr. Nasmyth's paper 

on the structure of the teeth, 1841, 4. 
— — on a Thylacinus, the great dog-headed 

opossum, 1841, 70. 
* on Dr. Martin Barry's researches on 

fibre, 1842, 83. 
on Argon auta Argo, 1844, 74. 

on a human skull from South Aus- 
tralia, used for holding and carrying 
water, 1844, 77. 

on some fossil mammalia of South 

America, 1846, 65. 

on the OS humero-capsulare of the Or- 

nithorhynchus, 1848, 79. 

on the communications between the 

tympanum and palate in the crocodiles, 
1848, 79. 

on the homologies and notation of the 

dental system in mammalia, 1848, 91. 

on the value of the origins of nerves 

as a homological character, 1848, 93. 

on Lucernaria inauriculata, 1849, 78. 

on new fossil mammalia from the 

eocene freshwater formation at Hordwell, 
Hants, 1851, 67. 

* on the fossil mammalia of the red 

crag, 1851, 67. 

* on the homologies of the cranial 

vertebrae, 1862, 78. 

on the anthropoid apes, 1854, 111. 

* on the anatomy of the great ant-eater, 

1854, 113. 

, description of the remains of Ich- 
thyosaurus found at Exmouth Island by 
the Arctic Searching Expedition, 1855, 

79- 

on the Ajuh of Dr. Yogel, from the 

river Benue, Central Africa, 1856, 99. 

on a new genus (Dimorphodon) of 

Pterodactyle, with remarks on the geolo- 
gical distribution of flying reptiles, 1868, 

97- . ^ ... 
on remains of new and gigantic species 

of Pterodactyle (Pter. Fittoni and Pter. 

Sedgwickii) from the upper greensand 

near Cambridge, 1858, 98. 
, letter to Mr. E. Chadwick on the 

physiological limits to mental labour, 

1860, 189. 

Page (D.) on the subdivisions of the palaeo- 
zoic rocks of Scotland, 1854, 91. 

^ on the structtire and texture of strati- 
fied rocks, 1854, 92. 

on the Pterygotus and Pterygotus beds 

of Great Britain, 1856, 89. 



168 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Page (D.) on the freshwater limestone of Dr. 
Hibbert, 1855, 91. 

on the subdivisions of the palaeozoic 

and metamorphic rocks of Scotland, 1855, 
92. 

on the skeleton of a seal from the 

pleistocene clays of Stratheden in Fife- 
shire, 1858, 103. 

■ on the palaeontology of the tilestones 

or SUurio-jDevonian strata of Scotland, 
1858, 104. 

on the relations of the metamorphic 

and older palaeozoic rocks in Scotland, 

1858, 105. 

* on some new Boreal forms from 

the pleistocene brick-clays of Stratheden, 

1859, 120. 

* on the structure, affinities and geolo- 
gical range of the crustacean family 
Eurypteridse, 1859, 120. 

Palliser (Capt. J.) on the physical geo- 
graphy of the country examined by the 
expedition exploring the south-western 
regions of British North America, 1858, 

153- 

on the course and results of the Bri- 
tish North American Exploring Expe- 
dition, 1860, 170. 

Pare (W.) on "equitable villages" in 
America, 1855, 183. 

Paris (Admiral) on the manoeuvring of 
screw vessels, 1859, 240. 

Parkes (Harry) on the Hindu-Chinese 
nations and Siamese rivers, with an ac- 
count of Sir John Bowring's mission to 
Siam, 1855, 149. 

Parkin (T.) on a new construction of 
wooden railway wheels, 1839, 131. 

on railway foundations, 1839, 132. 

Parkinson (Eev. R.) on the registers of the 
collegiate church of Manchester, 1842, 
92. 

Parkinson (W.) on a water-meter, 1849, 
125. 

Parnell (E. A.) on restrained chemical 
action, 1841, 51. 

on some subjects connected with the 

sulphocyanides, 1841, 51. 

Parnell (E.) on some new and rare British 

fishes, 1838, 109. 
*Parsey (Mr.) on natural perspective, 1839, 

29. 
Pasley (Gen. Sir C. W.) on simplifying 

and improving our national measures, 

weights, and money, 1847, 43. 
* on simplifying and improving the 

measures, weights, and moneys of this 

country, 1855, 184. 
, plan for simplifying and improving 

the measures, weights, and money of this 

country without altering the present 

standards, 1856, 146. 
Paterson (Rev. Dr.) on an improved life- 
boat, 1840, 211. 
* on the cultivation of sea-sand or 

sand-hills, 1855, 118. 



*Paton (J.) on the sanitary condition of 

Darwen, Lancashire, 1849, 96. 
Patterson (R.), notice of living specimens 

of a species of Ciliograde (Bolina hiber- 

nica), 1839, 84. 

on Medusae, 1840, 142. 

on natural history as a branch of edu- 
cation, 1841, 77. 
* , notice of Ascidians, discovered in 

the chain of the bridge at Itchin, near 

Southampton, 1846, 83. 
, exhibition of living sea-animals, 1854, 

III. 
on Priapulus caudatus, 1854, 113. 

on a plan of aerating aquavivaria 

adopted by Dr. Ball, 1854, 115. 

* , zoological diagrams prepared by him 

for the Government department of Science 
and Art, 1855, 118. 

on the quantity of periwinkles shipped 

at Belfast, 1857, 106. 

Pattinson (H. L.) on a new process for the 
extraction of silver from lead, 1838, 50. 

Paxton (Sir J.) on the great fountain at 
Chatsworth, 1844, 102. 

Paxton (Dr. J.) on improvements in patho- 
logical drawing, 1849, 79. 

Peace (W.) on the dislocations of the coal 
strata in Wigan, 1837, 82. 

Peach (C. W.) on the fossil organic remains 
of the south-east coast of Cornwall, and 
of Bodmin and Menheniott, 1841, 61. 

— ^ on the nidus and growth of the Pur- 
pura lapillus, and on the Patella pellu- 
cida and P. lajvis, 1842, 66. 

• on the fossils of Polperro in Cornwall, 
1843, 56. 

on marine zoology, 1844, 64. 

* on the natural history of Goran in 

Cornwall, 1844, 65. 

on the marine fauna of Cornwall, 

1845, 65. 

on the marine zoology of Cornwall-, 

1846, 86. 

, notice of additions to the Cornish 

fauna, 1847, 78. 
on the fossil geology of Cornwall, 1849, 

63. 

on the luminosity of the sea on the 

Cornish coasts, 1849, 80. 

on zoophytes found in the vicinity of 

Peterhead, with a notice of some new to 
the British list, 1850, 126. 

— — on calcareous zoophytes found at 

Ipswich, Harwich, &c., 1851, 81. 
on some fishes, Crustacea, and moUusca 

found at Peterhead, 1852, 78. 
on the habits of fish in relation to 

certain forms of Medusas, 1853, 70. 
■ on specimens of old red sandstone 

containing bitumen and silicified wood (?), 
' and Wick flagstone containing layers of 

broken and compressed shells (?), 1854, 

92. 
• , discovery of fossils in the crystalline 

rocks of the North Highlands, 1855, 87. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



169 



Peach (C. W.), notice of the natural print- 
ing of sea-weeds on the rocks in the vici- 
nity of Stromness, 1856, 90. 

, discovery of fossils in the limestone 

of Durness, 1857, 82. 

on some peculiar forms of spines 

found on two species of the spinigrade 
starfishes, 1858, 128. 

on fossil fish, new to the old red sand- 
stone of Caithness, 1859, 120. 

• notes on different subjects in natural 

history, 1859, 155. 

on the zoophytes of Caithness, 1859, 

, a new form of ichthyolite discovered 

by, 1860, 78. 
* on the statistics of the herring fishery, 

1860, 120. 
Peacock (A.) on decimal fractions, 1842, 10. 
Peacock (Rev. Dr. Gr.) on the report of the 

Commissioners for the restoration of lost 

standards of weights and measures, and 

on their proposal for the introduction of 

a decimal system, 1842, 8. 
on the tenure of land in the island of 

Madeira, 1849, 26. 
^Pearsall (T. J.) on the action of water 

upon lead, 1837, 58. 

on masses of salt discovered in the 

lowest portions of guano on the island of 
Ichaboe, 1845, 39. 

on changes observed in wood from the 

submerged forest at Wawne, in Holder- 
ness, 1853, 45. 

on crystals from the sea-coast of 

Africa, 1853, 45. 

on lime flowers, or peculiarly-formed 

substances from the brickwork of one of 

the reservoirs of the Hull waterworks, 

1853, 45. 
*Pearson (W. R.) on the compounds of 

chromium and bismuth, 1856, 58. 
Peckitt (H.) on earthworms and larvae of 

an undescribed species found in draining 

a field, 1858, 129. 
Peebles (Mr.) on the expressibility of the 

roots of algebraic equations, 1840, 54. 
Pengelly (W.) on the Beekites foimd in 

the red conglomerates of Torbay, 1856, 

74- 
* on an ossiferous cavern at Brixham, 

near Torquay, 1858, 106. 
* on an ichthyolite found in the Devo- 

nion slates of E. Cornwall, 1858, 223. 
*■ on the trilobite found at the Knoll 

Hill, Newton Abbott, 1858, 224. 
— — on the ossiferous fissures at Oreston 
- near Plymouth, 1859, 121. 
• on the chronological and geographical 

distribution of the Devonian fossils of 

Devon and Cornwall, 1860, 91. 
Penny (Prof. F.) on the action of nitric 

acid on the chlorates, iodates, and bro- 

mates of potassa and soda, 1840, 79. 
• on a new salt obtained from iodine 

and caustic soda, 1840, 80. 



Penny (Prof. F.) on a new and ready pro- 
cess for the quantitative determination of 
iron, 1850, 58. 

on the estimation of iodine, 1852, 37. 

on a simple volumetric process for the 

valuation of cochineal, 1855, 68. 

on the manufacture of iodine and 

other products from kelp, 1855, 69. 

on the composition and phosphores- 
cence of plate-sulphate of potash, 1855,^ 
69. 

Penny (Rev. W. G.) on certain planetary 
perturbations, 1857, 27. 

Pentland (J. B.) on the ancient inhabit 
tants of the Andes, 1834, 623. 

on the position of the city of Cuzco in 

Peru, 1838, 99. 

Percy (Dr. J.), contributions to the che- 
mistry of diabetes, 1845, 39. 

on a gas furnace for organic analysis, 

1846, 49. 

* on a specimen of artificial Humbold- 

tite or melilite in large crystals, 1847, 57. 

* on a new potash apparatus for organic 

analysis, 1847, 57. 

on some of the alloys of tungsten, 

1848, 57. 

on copper containing phosphorus, and 

experiments on the corrosive action of 
sea-water on some varieties of copper, 

1849, 39. 

Peretti (Prof.) on the bitter principles of 
some vegetables, 1844, 84. 

Perigal (H., jun.) on the probable mode of 
constructing the Pyramids, 1844, 103. 

Perkin (W. H.) on the purple dye obtained 
from coal-tar, 1858, 58. 

*Perreaux (M.) on a dynamometric ma- 
chine for measuring the strength of textile 
fabrics and other substances, 1852, 128. 

Perry (Dr.) on typhus fever, 1835, loi. 

on local inflammation, the effusion of 

coagulable lymph, and the formation of 
pus, 1840, 159. 

on contagious fevers, 1840, 160. 

Perry (Mr.), notice of the atmospheric 
railway, Kingstown and Dublin line, 1843, 

lOI. 

Petermann (A.), hydrography of the Bri- 
tish Isles, 1848, 73. 
on the distribution of the population 

of Great Britain and Ireland, 1848, 113. 
on the temperature of the British Isles, 

and its influence on the distribution of 

plants, 1849, 26. 
on the distribution of animal life in 

the Arctic regions, 1852, 112. 

on the interior of Australia, 1853, 89. 

*Petherick (Consul), exploration of the 

White Nile, 1859, 265. 
* on his proposed journey from Khartum 

in Upper Egypt to meet Capt. Speke on 

or near Lake Nyanza of Central Africa, 

1860, J 74. 
Petrie (W.) on the results of an extensive 

series of magnetic investigations, inclu-- 



170 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



ding most of tiie known varieties of steel, 
1846, 33. 

Pktrie (W.) on the phosphorescence of po- 
tassium, 1850, 59. 

.on the application of electricity and 
heat as moving powers, 1850, 183. 

' on the powersof minute vision — results 
of experiments for determining the best 
sort of station marks — and the errors 
liable in observing with optical instru- 
ments that measure on the principle of 

• bringing two reflexions together, 1850, 

183- 

on the relative and absolute powers of 

galvanic arrangements, 1850, 185. 

— on the dynamic equivalent of current 
electricity, and on a fixed scale for elec- 
tromotive force in galvanometry, 1850, 
185. 

r on the motion of fluids ; a remarkable 

variation in the great elementary law of 
the ratio between pressure and velocity, 
1854, 63. 

*Phelps (Mr.) on the formation of peat, 
1836, 107. 

Phillipps (Sir T.), method of destroying 
insects wliich attack books, &c., 1837, 99. 

* on minutely -filamentous roots of the 

beech, &c., and also of some remarks on 
natural history in a MS. History of Wex- 
ford, 1840, 149. 

* on an instance of instinct in a cater- 
pillar, 1856, 97. 

Phillips (H.) on the bitmninous coal-field 
of Pennsylvania, 1837, 96. 

Phillips (Prof. J.), account of the most 
remarkable phenomena in the geology of 
Yorkshire, 1831-32, 56. 

, remarks on Mr. Hutton's paper on the 

Whin Sill of Cumberland and Northum- 
berland, 1831-32, 77. 

on a new self-registering maximum 

thermometer, 1831-32, 580. 

■ , experiments on the quantities of rain 

falling at different elevations above the 

surface of the ground at York, 1833, 401 ; 

1834, 560. 
' on the relations of mineral veins and 

the non-metalliferous joints in rocks, 1834, 

654. 
on a newly-discovered tertiary deposit 

in Yorkshire, 1835, 62. 
on the direction of isoclinal magnetic 

lines in Yorkshire, 1836, 31. 
on certain limestones and associated 

strata near Manchester, 1836, 86. 
on the removal of boulders from the 

Cumbrian mountains, 1836, 87. 
, statement of the proceedings of the 

Meteorological Committee, 1837, 37. 
, experimental researches on rain, 1840, 

45- 
— — on the temperature of the air in York 

Minster, 1841, 29. 

■^ , researches on rain at York, 1841, 30. 

•*-— on the occurrence of some minute 



fossil crustaceans in palaeozoic rocks» 
1841, 64. 
Phillips (Prof. J.) on the microscopic 
structure of coal, 1842, 47. 

on certain movements in the parts of 

stratified rocks, 1843, 60. 

on the Ordnance geological museum, 

1843, 61. 
on simultaneous barometrical registra- 
tion in the north of England, 1844, 21. 
on the curves of annual temperature 

at York, 1844, 21. 
on the quantities of rain received in 

gauges at unequal elevations, 1844, 21. 
on the colour-stripes of a rose (Rosa 

sempervirens), single, 1848, 86. 
, ethnographical note on the vicinity of 

Charnwood Forest, 1848, 99. 

on the therm -anemometer, 1849, 28. 

on tumuli in Yorkshire, 1849, 86. 

, report of a Committee on the effects 

produced by lightning on a tree near 

Edinburgh, 1850, 13. 

on isoclinal magnetic lines in York- 
shire, 1850, 14. 

on the structure of the crag, 1851, 67. 

■ on magnetic phenomena in Yorkshire, 

1853, 6. 

on photographs of the moon, 1853, 14; 

on the most remarkable cases of un- 
conformity among the strata of Yorkshire, 
1853, 54. 

on the dispersion of erratic rocks at 

higher levels than their parent rock in 
Yorkshire, 1853, 54. 

on a new Plesiosaurus in the York 

museum, 1853, 54, 

on a living specimen of Priapulus 

caudatus, dredged off the coast of Scar- 
borough, 1853, 70. 

on micrometrical and photographic 

drawings of the lunar surface, 1854, 25. 

on certain trap-dykes in Arran, 1855, 

94- 

on a new method of making maximum 

self-registering thermometers, 1856, 41. 

* on the ironstones in the oolitic dis- 
trict of Yorkshire, 1857, 89. 

* on the money grants of the British 

Association, 1857, 167. 

• on some phenomena at the junction of 

the granite and schistose rocks in West 
Cumberland, 1858, 106. 

on the hjematite ores of North Lanca- 
shire and West Cumberland, 1858, 106. 

* on the geology of the vicinity of Ox- 
ford, 1860, 90. 

♦Phillips (Major) on some curious disco- 
veries concerning the settlement of the 
seed of Abraham in Syria and Arabia, 
1859, 197. 

Phillips (R.) on a blue pigment, 1838, 60. 

* on the synthetical composition of 

white prussiate of potash, 1839, 56. 

on some properties of alumina, 1848, 

58. 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



m 



Pnipps (Dr. J.) on the sailing powers of 

two yachts, built on the wave principle, 

1846, 112. 
*Phipps (J. P.) on the application of the 

wave system of Mr. Scott Eussell to the 

construction of sailing vessels, 1847, 

132. 
Phipson (Dr. T. L.) on some new cases of 

phosphorescence by heat, 1859, 76. 
— — on the composition of the shell of Car- 

dium edule, 1859, 77. 

on the composition of a recently- 
formed rock on the coast of Flanders, 
1859, 77. 

PiCKELLs(Dr.), eulogium on the lateKichard 
Kirwan, LL.D., 1843, 39. 

on the deleterious effects of CEnanthe 

crocata, 1843, 81. 

*PiERCE (Prof. B.) on the physical consti- 
tution of comets, 1860, 37. 

* on the dynamic condition of Saturn's 

rings, 1860, 37. 

*—— on the motion of a pendulum in a 
vertical plane when the point of suspen- 
sion moves uniformly on a circumference 
in the same plane, 1860, 37. 

Plant (J.) on the discovery of beds of Keu- 
per sandstone containing zoophytes in the 
vicinity of Leicester, 1849, 64. 

Player (Mr.) on the application of an- 
thracite coal at the Gwendraeth Iron- 
works, 1839, 130. 

Playfair (Dr. Lyon), statement of Prof. 
Liebig's views on poisons, 1840, 72. 

on a new fat-acid, 1840, 76. 

, Prof. Liebig's letter to, on some inter- 
esting results obtained in his laboratory, 
1841, 53. 

on some new oxides of certain of the 

metals of the magnesian family, 1842, 

35- 

on the composition and characters of 

caryophyllin, 1842, 36. 

* on atomic volumes, 1845, 31. 

on the expansion of salts, 1846, 49. 

•* on decompositions produced by cata- 
lytic bodies, and on the molecular con- 
stitution of salts, 1847, 57. 

-. on the condensation of volume in 

highly hydrated minerals, 1850, 60. 

, address as President of the Chemical 

Section, 1859, 65. 

on a symmetrical arrangement of 

oxides and salts on a common type, 1859, 
259. 

* on the representation of neutral salts, 

&e., 1860, 71. 
Plucker (Prof.) on experiments belonging 

to a new magnetic action, 1848, 2. 

• on magnetism, 1853, 7. 

PoEY (Sen or A.), hurricanes in the West 

Indies and the North Atlantic, 1855, 

.150. 
PoGSON (N.), discovery of the asteroid No.46, 

1857, 31. 
' on the ocular crystal micrometer. 



with observations of twelve double stars, 

1858, 19. 

PoGSON (N.) on a new variable star (E, 
Sagittarii), discovered with the five-foot 
Smy thian telescope of the Hartwell House 
Observatory, 1858, 29. 

on an improvement in the heliometer, 

1859, 36. 

on three variable stars, R and S 

TJrsee Majoris, and U Geminorum, as ob- 
served consecutively for six years, 1859, 
36. 

Ponton (M.) on certain laws of chromatic 
dispersion, 1859, 15. 

on the law of the wave-lengths cor- 
responding to certain points in the solar 
spectrum, 1859, 20. 

on the laws of chromatic dispersion, 

1860, 16. 

Poole (H.) on the meteorology of the 
Albion Mines, Nova Scotia, 1854, 35. 

on a geological survey of the region 

between Constantinople and Proussa, in 
Asia Minor, in search of coal, 1855, 
94. 

, observations with the aneroid metal- 
lique and thermometer, during a tour 
through Palestine and along the shores of 
the Dead Sea, 1856, 41. 

PooLEY (C.) on engraving collodion photo- 
graphs by means of fluoric acid gas, 1856, 
58. 

Popham (J.) on the treatment of gangrene 
of the lungs by chloride of lime, 1843, 82. 

, statistical returns of the North Cork 

Infirmary during a period of five years^ 

1843, 84. 

PoRRO (M.), portable apparatus for analy- 
sing light, 1859, 62. 

Porter (G. R.) on the price of wheat, and 
its influence on popidation in England, 
1836, 133. 

on the trade between the United 

Kingdom and the United States, 1837, 
136. 

on the progress of mining industry in 

France, 1838, 174. 

on the systematic collection of the 

statistics of agriculture, 1839, 116. 

on the mining industry of France, 

1844, 86. 

on the progress of savings' banks in 

the United Kingdom, 1845, 87. 

on the iron trade, 1845, 91. 

on the influence of education, shown 

by facts recorded for 1845 and 1846, in 

the Criminal Tables, 1847, 109. 
on a comparative statement of prices 

and wages (during the years from 1842- 

49), 1849, loi. 
on the agricultural statistics of Ireland, 

1849, 104. 
• on the productive industry of Paris, 

1852, 119. 
Porter (H. J.) on pawnbroking in Ireland, 

1840, 181. 



172 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Portkr" (H. J.) on the monts de pi^t^ of 
Rome, Paris, and other cities on the con- 
tinent, 1841, 91. 

on the loan funds in Ireland, 1841, 

93 ; 1842, 98. 

on the monts de pi^t^ in Ireland, 

1842, 98. 

on the census of Sydney, New South 

Wales, 1857, 167. 

* , census of the province of Canterbury, 

New Zealand, 1857, 167. 

on the best plan of cottage for agricul- 
tural labourers, 1860, 194. 

PoRTLOCK (General) on the new red sand- 
stone of England and Ireland, 1837, 88. 

on the Silurian rocks in the co. of 

Tyrone, 1838, 84. 

on the geology of Corfu, 1843, 57. 

, reply to remarks made by Prof. E. 

Forbes on the results of his dredging at 

Corfu, 1845, 65. 
* on the natural history of Corfu, 1846, 

84. 

on apparent changes in the level of 

the coast near Portsmouth, 1848, 72. 

on sounds emitted by moUusca, 1848, 

80. 

on the manner in which trap or igne- 
ous rocks intrude into the sandstone and 
conglomerate near North Berwick, 1850, 

lOI. 

, notice of fossils collected by Mr. R. 

Rubidge at Sunday River, Cape frontier, 

1851, 68. 

, notice of Capt. Ward's researches into 

the application of the voltaic battery to 

the ignition of gunpowder, 1854, 18. 
Potter (Prof. R.) on a new construction of 

Sir Isaac Newton's reflecting microscope, 

1831-^2, 71. 
on a theory of M. Fresnel concerning 

the reflexion of light from the surfaces of 

bodies, 1831^32, 74. 

on electrical phenomena in vacuo, 

1831-32, 84. 

■ on the modification of the interference 

of two pencils of homogeneous light, 
1831-32, 555. 

on an instrument for photometry by 

comparison, and on some applications of 
it to optical phenomena, 1831-32, 556. 

on the power of glass of antimony to 

reflect light, 1833, 377. 

on a phenomenon in the interference 

of Ught, 1833, 378. 

on an arch of the aurora borealis, 1833, 

401. 

Powell (Rev. Prof. B.) on the dispersive 
powers of the media of the eye, in con- 
nexion with its achromatism, 18133, 374; 
corrigendum, 466. 

on the achromatism of the eye, 1834, 

548- 

on the theory of the dispersion of 

light by the hypothesis of undulations, 
1834, 549. 



Powell (Rev. Prof. B.) on the repulsion 
excited between surfaces at minute dis- 
tances by the action of heat, 1834, 

549- 

, lecture on the phenomena of pris- 
matic dispersion in relation to the undu- 
latory theory of light, 1835, 5. 

on certain points connected with dis- 
coveries relative to radiant heat, 1835, 9. 

* on the impermeability of water to 

radiant heat, 1836, 36. 

on Von Wrede's explanation of the 

absorption of light, 1837, 16. 

on the dispersion of light, 1837, 18. 

on experiments relative to the influ- 
ence of surfaces on radiation, 1837, 20. 

, proceedings of the Meteorological 

Committee, 1837, 37. 

on the theory of light, 1838, 6. 

on a new case of interference of light. 



on some optical phenomena observed 

by Sir David Brewster, 1839, i. 

on the wave-theory as connected with 

elliptic polarization, 1839, 2. 

on the academical statistics of the 

University of Oxford, 1839, 119; 1842, 
100 ; 1843, 95 ; 1848, 105. 

on an experiment of interference, 

1840, 14. 

on a point in the wave-theory as ap- 
plied to heat, 1840, 14. 

on the theoretical computation of re- 
fractive indices, 1841, 24. 

on the refraction of heat, 1841, 25. 

on certain points of the wave-theory 

of light, 1841,25. 

on certain cases of elliptieally polar- 
ized light, 1842, 13. 

on apparatus for applying circular po- 
larization to chemical inquiries, 1842, 32. 

on elliptic polarization in light re- 
flected from various substances, 1843, 
9, 10. 

• on certain points connected with ellip- 
tic polarization of light, 1844, 7. 

on points in the elliptic polarization 

of light by metallic reflexion, 1845, 6. 

on certain cases of elliptic polarization 

of light by reflexion, 1846, 3. 

on the bands formed by partial inter- 
ception of the prismatic spectrum, 1846, 4. 

on the apparent projection of a star 

on the moon, 1846, 5. 

on shooting stars, 1847, 14. 

on periodic meteors (table of meteor 

showers from 1841 to 1846), 1847, 15. 

on the eclipse of October 1847, 1847, 

16. 

on anomalies in the dispersion of 

light, 1847, 37. 

— — on an explanation of the "beads'* 
and "threads" in annular eclipses, 
1848, 2. 

■I on a new case of interference of light, 
1848, 3. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS, 



17S 



Powell (Rev. Prof. B.), observations of 
the annular eclipse of Oct. 9, 1847, 
1848, 3. 

on a new equatorial mounting for tele- 
scopes, 1849, 2. 

on De Vico's comet, 1849, 2. 

on discussions relative to the theory 

of the dispersion of light, 1849, 8. 

on irradiation, 1849, 9. 

on the refractive indices of several 

substances, 1850, 14. 

, remarks on Lord Brougham's experi- 
ments on light, &c., 1851, 11. 

on M. G-uyot's experiment on the 

earth's rotation, 1851, 23. 

on luminous beams, 1852, 1 1. 

on a peculiarity of vision, 1852, 

II. 

on converging sunbeams, 1852, 12. 

on Fresnel's formulas for reflected and 

refracted light, 1856, 15. 

Power (Madame J.), experiments and ob- 
servations on the Argonauta Argo, 1844, 

74- 
Power (Dr.) on plants found in the neigh- 
bourhood of Cork, 1843, 79. 
Power (Dr. J. A.) on myrmecophilous Co- 

leoptera, 1858, 129. 
Power (Rev. J.), inquiry into the cause of 

endosmose and exosmose, 1833, 391. 
PowRiE (J.) on a fossiliferous deposit near 

Farnell, Forfarshire, 1860, 89. 
PozNANSKi (Dr.) on the connexion between 

atmospheric vicissitudes and epidemic 

diseases, 1857, 115. 
Pratt (S. P.) on specimens supposed to be 

from the slaty rocks of Mount Batten, 

1841, 64. 
on the coal deposits of the Asturias, 

1845, 49. 
Prestwich (J.) on the occurrence of Cypris 

in a part of the tertiary freshwater strata 

of the Isle of Wight, 1846, 56. 
on some new facts in relation to the 

section of the cliff at Mundesley, Norfolk, 

1860, 90. 
Prevost (M. Constant), explication d'un 

tableau de I'etude methodique de la Terre 

et du Sol, 1851, 68. 
Price (Dr. A. P.) on a new photometer, 

1853, 9. 
on pentasulphate of calcium as a means 

of preventing and destroying the Oidium 

Tuckeri, or grape disease, 1853, 46. 
on determining the commercial value 

of oxide of manganese, 1853, 47. 
on determining the amount of avail- 
able chlorine contained in hypochlorites 

of lime, soda, or potash, 1853, 48. 
* — ■ — on a pentasulphide of calcium as a 

remedy for grape disease, 1853, 63. 
on a new method of alkalimetry, 1854, 

74- 
Price (Rev. Prof. B.) on a new proof 
of the principle of virtual velocities, 
1847, 5. 



Price (Rev. Prof. B.), address as President 
of Section A, at Oxford, 1860, i. 

Price (Dr. D. S.) on the estimation of iron 
by the method of Marguerite, and on the 
preparation of the standard solution of 
permanganate of potash, 1854, 74. 

* on the supposed influence of the hot- 
blast in augmenting the quantity of phos- 
phorus in cast iron, 1854, 74. 

on the chemical composition of some 

iron ores called " brass " occurring in the 
coal-measures of South Wales, 1855, 66. 

Price (J.) on an improved method of con- 
structing railways, 1838, 158. 

on a steam-engine boiler, 1838, 162. 

on the embryogeny of Pulmogradea 

and Ciliogrades, 1846, 86. 

on the quasi-osseous system of Acale- 

phae, 1846, 87. 

on the geology of a little district of 

carboniferous limestone, at Llysfaen and 
Penmaen Rhos, near Abergele, 1854, 93. 

* on the geology of the district of 

Great and Little Ormeshead, 1855, 94. 

, notes on animals, 1855, 117. 

on slickensides, 1859, 123 ; 1860, 91. 

on Cydippe, 1859, 155; 1860, 120. 

Price (J. T.) on a pair of paddle-wheels 
fixed on a steamer in substitution of or- 
dinary wheels, 1836, 131. 

on a method of condensing steam in 

marine engines, 1851, 116. 

Prichard (J.), meteorological register at 
Beddgelert, Carnarvon, 1842, 25 ; 1843, 
20. 

Prichard (Dr. J. C.) on diseases of the 
brain, 1836, 107. 

on the extinction of the human races, 

1839, 89. 

* on the position of ethnology as a 

science, 1847, 126. 

Prideaux (J.) on thermo-electricity, 1833, 

384- 

on the causes of the increased destruc- 

tibility of modern copper sheathing, 1841, 

43- 

, notice of some copper which had been 

acted on by sea-water, 1841, 77. 

on the extent, causes, and remedies of 

fungi destructive in agriculture, 1846, 
44. 

Pring (Dr. J. H.) on the Noctiluca miliaris, 
the animalcular source of the phosphores- 
cence of the British seas, 1849, 81. 

Prit CHARD (A.), apparatus for illustrating 
the polarization of light, 1835, 112. 

Pritchard (Rev. C.) on a meteor seen at 
Cheltenham, 1856, 47. 

* on the gases of the Grotto del Cave, 

1856, 58. 

Prosser (Mr.), notice of his method of 
making earthenware or porcelain, 1842, 
114. 

on unchanged steam, 1854, 159. 

Prout (Dr. W.), observations on atmo- 
spheric air, 1831-32, 570. 



174 



.SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Pryme (Prof.) on the different methods em- 
ployed to estimate the amount of popula- 
tion, 1845, 91, 

PuGH (Dr.) on the assimilation of nitrogen 
by plants, 1857, 51. 

on a new method for the quantitative 

estimation of nitric acid, 1858, 64. 

*PuRDY (F.) on the systems of poor law me- 
dical relief, 1800, 195. 

Purser (J. E.), notice of his life-preservers 
in cases of fire and of shipwreck, 1843, 

lOI. 

-Pylb (J. C), meteorological observations 
made at Futtegurh, N.W. provinces, Ben- 
gal, 1851, 39. 

QuETELET (Prof.) on the importance of 
, keeping exact registers, in different dis- 
tricts, of Meteorology, Physics, Che- 
mistry, Botany, Agriculture, Zoology, 
and Man, 1841, 96. 
on the establishment of a central sta- 
tistical commission in Brussels, 1841, 
98. 

*EAncLiFP (Dr. C. B.) on muscular action 
from an electrical point of view, 1860, 
143. 

*Radiguel (A.) on a fragment of pottery 
found in superficial deposits in Paris, 

1859, 124. 

*Eae (Dr. J.) on the Esquimaux, 1856, 

— — on the formation of icebergs and ice- 
action in the Hudson's Bay and Straits, 

1860, 174. 

* on the aborigines of the Arctic and 

Subarctic regions of North America, 1860, 

175- 

*IIafns (Prof.) on the ancient geography 
of the Arctic regions, 1853, 19. 

Eaillard (I'Abbe) on some problems of 
meteorology: new and complete explana- 
tion of the rainbow, 1857, 35. 

*Rainey (G.) on the structure and mode of 
formation of starch-granules, 1859, 140. 

*Ralps (J.) on the siliceous cells formed 
in the frustules of Diatomaceae, 1857, 

lOI. 

RAMSAY (Prof. A. C), notes taken during 
the surveys for the construction of the 
geological model maps and sections of 

. the island of Arran, 1840, 92. 

* on the denudation of South Wales 

and the adjacent counties, 1845, 50. 

— — on the origin of the existing physical 
outline of a portion of Cardiganshire, 
1847, 66. 

— — on some points connected with the 
physical geology of the Silurian district 
between Builth and Pen-y-bont, Radnor- 
shire, 1848, 73. 

on the geological position of the black 

slates of Menai Straits, &c., 1850, 102. 

: on the former probable existence of 

palreozoic glaciers, 1854, 93. 



Ramsay (Prof. A. C.) on the thickness 
of the ice of the ancient glaciers of 
North Wales, and other points bearing 
on the glaciation of the country, 1854, 
94. 

on a process for obtaining lithographs 

by the photographic process, 1855, 69. 

* on the commencement of the geolo- 
gical survey in Scotland, 1855, 95. 

^Ramsay (J. N.), ascent of Mont Blanc by 
a new route from the side of Italy, 1855, 
150. 

Randall (W. B.) on common salt as a 
poison to plants, 1848, 58. 

Rankin (Rev. T.) on the temperature of the 
air at various soundings of Huggate 
Well, Yorkshire, 1844, 22. 

, singular appearance of a tlumder- 

storm, 1844, 23. 

, thermometrical observations in a deep 
well at Huggate, 1845, 18. 

, meteorological observations made at 

Huggate, Yorkshire, 1845, 18; 1847, 18; 
1848,36; 1849,29; 1850,42; 1851,36; 
1852, 31 ; 1853, 32 ; 1854, 34 ; 1855, 42; 
1856, 47 ; 1857, 37 ; 1858, 38 ; 1859, 52 ; 
1860, 50. 

* on the ancient tumuli in the York- 
shire Wolds, 1845, 82. 

on a halj, paraselene, and aurorce 

boreales, 1846, 15. 

on the hibernation of snails, 1846, 

83. 

■ on a singular appearance of the shaded 

part of the moon, 1847, 18. 

on phosphoric meteors, 1847, 18. 

, scarlatina increased and aggravated 

by the -want of ventilation, 1847, 95, 

on a phosphoric phenomenon in a 

pond, 1849, 29. 

* on a singular atmospheric wave, 

1849, 29. 

on magnetized brass, 1849, 29. 

on a mass of chalky gravel at North 

Dalton, 1851, 69. 
* on an aurora observed at Hugffate, 

1852, 31. . 
* on a thunder and rain storm, which 

commenced in Herefordshire and termi- 
nated on the Yorkshire Wolds, 1853, 32. 

* on a terrific thunder-cloud on the 

Wolds, 1853, 32. 

* on the formation of boulders, 1853, 

54- 

* on the Brigantes, the Romans, and 

the Saxons in the Wolds of Yorkshire, 

1853, 91. 

on the different motions of electric 

fluid, 1860, 30. 

Rankine (Prof. W. J. M.) on the laws of 
the elasticity of solids, 1850, 2. 

, results of the hypothesis of molecular 

vortices, as applied to the theory of elas- 
ticity and heat, 1851, 3. 

on the velocity of sound in liquid and 

solid bodies of limited dimensions, espe- 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



;irP 



' cially along prismatic masses of liquid, 

1851, 4. 
Banking (Prof. W. J. M.) on the reconcen- 

tration of the mechanical energy of the 

universe, 1852, 12. 
• on the causes of the excess of the mean 

temperature of rivers above that of the 

atmosphere, recently observed by M. Re- 

nou, 1852, 30. 
on telegraphic communication between 

Great Britain and Ireland by the Mull 

of Cantyre, 1852, 128. 
on Prof. Smyth's mechanical process 

for cooling air in tropical climates, 1852, 

128. 
on an oscillatory theory of light, 

1853, 9. 
on a proposed barometric pendulum 

for the registration of the mean atmo- 
spheric pressure during long periods of 

time, 1853, 26. 
on some simultaneous observations of 

rain-fall at different points on the same 

mountain range, 1854, 46. 
on formulas for the maximum pressure 

and latent heat of vapours, 1854, 58. 
on the means of realizing the advan- 
tages of the air-engine, 1854, 159. 
, opening remarks on the objects of the 

Mechanical Section at Glasgow, 1855, 201 ; 

concluding address, 211. 

on practical tables of the latent heat 

. of vapom-s, 1855, 208. 

on the operation of the patent laws, 

1855, 208. 
on the principle of the transformation 

of structures, 1857, 189. 
on the experiments by Messrs. Napier 

and Sons, on the strength of wrought 

iron and steel, 1859, 242. 
Bansom (Dr. W. H.) on the structure of 

the ova of fishes, with especial reference 
' to the micropyle, and the phenomena of 

their fecundation, 1855, 131. 
Bansome (P.) on soluble silicates, and some 

of their applications, 1859, 78. 
I^Bathbone (T. W.) on a proposed plan for 

decimal coinage, 1853, 112. 
— — on the plans which have been proposed 

of decimal accounts and coinage, 1854, 

143; 1855, 184. 
Bavenstein (M. a.) on relief maps, 1840, 

122. 
Bawson (B.) on the summation of infinite 

series, 1844, 2. 

on the friction of water, 1849, 3. 

on elliptic integration, 1849, 4. 

on the oscillations of floating bodies, 

1849, 5. 
Bawson (W. B.) on the number of fires in 

the metropolis and its vicinitv, from 

1833 to 1837, 1838, 170. 
, report of the Bailway Commissioners 

in Ireland, 1838, 171. 

on the criminal statistics of England 

. and Wales, 1839, 117. 



Bayners (Mr.) on a machine regulator, 
1840, 209. 

Bead (G.) on ropy bread, 1850, 60. -_ 

Bead (Dr. J.) on the iriscope, 1840, 14. 

, experiments in thermo-electricity, 

1846, 46. 

Beade (Bev. J. B.) on the solid materials 
found in the ashes of plants, 1837, 
103. 

on the chemical composition of vege- 
table membrane and fibre, 1837, 104. 

on Liebig's theory of fallow crops, 

1842, 64. 

on the cilia and ciliary currents of the 

oyster, 1845, 66. 

on two new salts of gold, 1847, 57. 

on a new solid eyepiece, 1850, 15. 

on photographs of the moon and of 

the sun, 1854, 10. 

on a new method of forming am* 

monio-iodides of metals, 1857, 55. 

—. — on animal ammonia, its formation, 

evolution, and office, 1858, 65. 
Bebmann (the Bev. J.), letter to the Bev. 

H. Venn, from Kisaludini (in Babbai), 

1854, 123. 
Bedfern (Dr. P.) on the connexion between 

cartilage and bone, 1853, 71. 
on the natm*e of the Torbaneliill and 

other varieties of coal, 1854, 102. 
■ , photographs on glass of histological 

and natxn-al-history objects, 1855, 118. 

on a method of applying the com-r 

pound microscope to the sides or top of 
aquaria less than 2 feet in height, 1857, 
106. 

■ on FlustreUa hispida, 1857, 106. 

on the method of production of sound 

by a species of Notonecta, 1859, 173. 

on the admixture of nervous and mus- 
cular fibres in the nerves of the Hirudo 
medicinalis and other leeches, 1859, 
174. 

on the structure of the otoliths of the 

cod (Gadus morrhua), 1859, 174. 

Bbdfield (W. C.) on American storms and 
tornadoes, 1840, 40. 

Bedtenbacher (Prof.) and Dr. Yarren- 
trapp on the constitution and product^ 
of the distillation of fat bodies, 1840,, 

Bees (Dr. G, O.) on the liquor amnii, 1838, 

126. 
on the existence of fluoric acid as a 

constituent of certain animal substances, 

1839, 56. 
* on the preservation of subjects for 

anatomical purposes, 1840, 156. 
Beeve (Lovell) on the dissimilarity in the 

calcifying functions of mollusks, 1846, 

82. 

on a new species of Argonaut, A. 

Owenii, with observations on the A. gon- 
dola, Dillwyn, 1848, 80. 

on the discovery of a living represen- 
tative of a small group of fossil Volutes 



176 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



occurring in the tertiary rocks, 1849, 

Reeve (Lovell) on the geograpliical distri- 
bution of the land mollusca, 1851, 82. 

• on the Aspergillum or watering-pot 

moUusk, 1860, 120. 

Reich (Prof.), researches on the electrical 
currents on metalliferous veins, 1839, 34. 

Reichenbach (Dr.) on the products of de- 
structive distillation, 1834, 591. 

Reid (Dr. D. B.) on the construction of 
public buildings in reference to sound, 
1835, 14. 

on the extension of the study of phy- 
sics, 1835, 126. 

on the amount of air required for 

respiration, 1838, 131. 

, notice of a chemical abacus, 1839, 

* on the ventilation of ships, 1841, 

82. 

Reid (Dr. J.) on the connexion between 
the nervous system and the irritability of 
muscles in living animals, 1834, 671. 

on the glosso -pharyngeal, pneumo- 

gastric and spinal accessory nerve, 1837, 
109. 

— — on the functions of the eighth pair of 

nerves, 1838, 124. 
— -^ on the manner in which the vital 

actions are arrested in asphyxia, 1840, 

• on the anatomical relation of the 

blood-vessels of the mother to those of 
the foetus in the human species, 1840, 

. on the anatomy of the medulla ob- 
longata, 1840, 154. 

on the connexion between the nervous 

system and muscular contractility, 1840, 

155- 
Reid (John) on the progressive rates of 

mortality, as occurring in all ages, and 

on certain deviations, 1855, 186. 
Reid (Dr. R.) on the functions of the ner- 
vous system, 1836, 119. 
Reid (Colonel W.) on the blue colour of 

the sun, 1840, 10. 
— — - on the law of storms, 1838, 21. 
■> , law of storms — on mooring ships in 

revolving gales, 1851, 36. 
*Reilly (C.) on the longitudinal stress of 

the plate girder, 1860, 212. 
Remak (Prof.) on the mode of action of 

the galvanic stimuli directly applied to 

the muscles, 1855, 131. 
Remington {Or., jun.) on a railway balance 

lock, 1837, 129. 
Rendel (J. M.) on a system of trussing for 

the roadways of suspension-bridges, 1841, 

102. 
Rennie (G-.) on an instrument for taking 

up water at great depths, 1834, 595. 
on the propulsion of vessels by the 

trapezium paddle-wheel and screw, 1841, 

zoi. 



*Rennie (G.) on the iron lock-gates of 
Sevastopol, 1847, 132. 

* , hydrographical remarks on the im- 
provement of the port of Liverpool, 1854, 
124. 

on the effects of screw propellers 

when moved at different velocities and 
depths, 1855, 209. 

on the quantity of heat developed by 

water when rapidly agitated, 1856, 165; 
1857, 190. 

, experiments to determine the resist- 
ances of screw propellers when revolving 
in water at different depths and velocities, 
1856, 169 ; 1857, 189. 

on the construction of floating and 

fixed batteries, 1858, 220. 

*Rennison (Rev. T.) on a new proof of 
Pascal's theorem, 1860, 6. 

Retzius (Prof.) on the ethnographical dis- 
tribution of round and elongated crania, 
1846, 116. 

* on a Finlandic vocabulary, 1849, 

86. 

on certain American, Celtic, Cimbric, 

Roman, and ancient British skulls, 1849, 
86. 

on the antrum pylori in man and 

animals, 1855, 132. 

on the peculiar development of the 

vermis cerebelli in the albatros, 1855, 

133- 
on the fornix cerebri in man, mam- 
mals, and other vertebrata, 1855, 133. 
— — on the pelvis of a Lapland giantess, 

1855, 134. 
on an episcaphoid bone in both hands 

of a Guarani man, 1855, 134. 
on Celtic, Sclavic and Aztec crania, 

1855, 145. 
Reynolds (R.) on the practical application 

of aluminium, 1858, 66. 
RiCARDO (M.) on a machine for registering 

the velocity of railway trains, 1846, 1 14. 
Richards (Rev. W.) on the natives of the 

Hawaiian Islands, 1844, 82. 
Richardson (Mr.) on the history of the 

magnesian limestones, 1842, 37. 
Richardson (Mr.) on the state of crime in 

the Gorbals, Glasgow, 1840, 177. 
Richardson (Dr. B. W.) on the cause of 

the fluidity of the blood, 1856, 98. 

- on the process of oxygenation in 
animal bodies, 1860, 143. 

* on an electro-magnetic railway break, 

1860, 212. 
Richardson (Henry), tubular or double 

life-boat, 1853, 113. 
Richardson (Sir J.) on pouched rats, 1838, 

105. 
on three new genera of marine fishes 

from Van Diemen's Land, 1841, 71. 
— — on Machaerium subducens from Port 

Essington, New Holland, 1842, 69. 
on the case of a diver employed on the 

wreck of the Royal George, who was in- 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



177 



jured by the bursting of the air-pipe of 
the diving apparatus, 1842, 84. 

Richardson (Sir J.), notice of a beetle found 
alive in artificial concrete, 1846, 82. 

on electric fishes, 1857, 115. 

, abstract of Mr. Anderson's report of a 

searching party down the Great Fish 
Eiiver in quest of the remains of the crews 
of the 'Erebus' and 'Terror,' 1857, 
148. 

Richardson (J.) on a native Touarick alpha- 
bet, 1847, 126. 

^ on the medicinal leech, 1854, 113. 

Richardson (T.) on emulsin, 1838, 48. 

, examination of sphene, 1838, 49. 

— — on the composition of idocrase, 1839, 

RiDDELL (Lieut.), curves representing the 
simultaneous changes of the magnetic ele- 
ments, 1841, 26. 

RiGAUD (Prof.), notice relative to the dis- 
covery of the satellites of Jupiter, 1831-32, 
613. 

RiGG (R.), inquiry into a peculiar property 
of the earth, 1837, 50. 

on the formation or secretion of car- 
bon by animals, 1844, 33. 

Riley (E.) on fused wrought iron, 1857, 

Riley (Dr. H.) on an additional species of 
saurian found near Bristol, 1836, 90. 

on the foot of the two-toed ostrich, 

1836, 98. 

Ritchie (Mr.) on warming and ventilating 
buildings, 1840, 214. 

Ritchie's (E. S.) powerful induction appa- 
ratus, account of, 1857, 15. 

RoBB (Dr. J.) on certain geological features 
of the river St. John, in New Brunswick, 
with an account of the falls upwards from 
the sea, 1840, 115. 

on an anomalous form of the plum 

observed in the gardens of New Brxms- 
wick, 1840, 148. 

*RoBB (J.) on the comparative value of 
propellers, 1859, 243. 

Roberton (J.) on the period of puberty in 
negro women, 1842, 82. 

Roberts (Mr.) on a machine which renders 
objects visible while revolving 200,000 
times in a minute, 1835, 113. 

Roberts (Gr.) on a remarkable tide in the 
British Channel, 1848, 37. 

Roberts (H.) on various efforts to improve 
the domiciliary condition of the labouring 
classes, 1860, 196. 

Roberts (R.) on a new element of mechan- 
ism, 1848, 119. 

on the sheet-metal moulding machine, 

1849, 126. 

on correct sizing of toothed wheels and 

pinions, 1849, 127. 

on the eccentric sheet-metal and wire- 
gauge, 1849, 128. 

— — , apparatus by which the influx and re- 
flux of the tide are rendered available as 



agents for effecting the motions of clock- 
work, 1849, 128. 

Roberts (R.) on the expansion of solids by 
heat, 1850, 16. 

on mechanism to explain the pendu- 
lum experiment, 1851, 117. 

* on certain improvements in the con- 
struction of steam-ships, life-boats, and 
other vessels, also in steam-boilers, pro- 
pellers, anchors, windlasses, and metallic 
casks, 1853, 121. 

*RoBERTSON (J.) on Pholas, 1851, 82. 

Robertson (Capt.), ascent of the mountain 
Sumeru Parbut, 1855, 150. 

Robinson (Rev. Dr. E.) on the Wadi el'Ara- 
bah in Syria, 1840, 121- 

Robinson (Sir G.) on moon blindness, 1858, 
19. 

^^Robinson (R.), a new reaping-machine, 
1852, 129. 

Robinson (Rev. Dr. T. R.) on the visibility 
of the moon in total eclipses, 1834, 

552- 

on the parallax of a Lyree, 1837, 

3- 

on determining the index error of a 

circle by reflexion of the wires of its tele- 
scope, 1843, 16. 

on the barometric compensation of the 

pendulum, 1843, 17, 102. 

, notice of E. J. Cooper's catalogue of 

50 telescopic stars, 1843, 18. 

on the influence which finely divided 

platina exerts on the'electrodes of a volta- 
meter, 184^, 46. 

■ , modification of Dr. Whewell's anemo- 
meter for measuring the velocity of the 
wind, 1846, in. 

on the electrolysis of water, 1847, 

on shooting-stars seen at Armagh, 

1848, 37, 

— — , notice of Sharp's universal sun-dial, 

1849, 34, 

on drawings to illustrate recent obser- 
vations on nebulse, 1852, 22. 

on transit-observations of the moon, 

1857, 27. 

* , address as President of Section A. at 

the Dublin Meeting, 1857, i. 

RoBisoN (Sir J.), Unseed-oil barometer, 
1831-32, 86. 

on a method of measuring the interval 

and the velocity of waves at sea, 1836, 
130. 

on a barometrical instrument for tra- 
vellers in mountainous districts, 1838, 

37- 

on coal-gas as the cheapest fuel for 

cooking, 1838, 159. 

, notice of the bucket of a pump in use 

in Sweden, 1838, 159. 

on a new optical instrument, 1842, 

27. 

on Mr. Pressor's method of mak- 
ing earthenware or porcelain from 

N 



178 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



dry powder of clay compressed, 1842, 

114. 
Rogers (Prof. H. D.) on the geology of 

Pennsylvania, 1848, 74. 
* on some of the geological functions of 

the winds, illustrating the origin of salt, 

&c., 1855, 95. 
* on the geology of the United States, 

1855, 95. 
* on some reptilian footprints from the 

carboniferous strata of Pennsylvania, 

1855, 95. 

* on the origin of saliferous deposits, 

1856, 75. 

* on the correlation of the North 

American and British paleeozoic strata, 
1856, 175. 

* on the geological survey of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1857, 89. 

* on the discovery of strata of supposed 

Permian age in the interior of North 
America, 1858, 224. 

* on some observations on the parallel 

roads of GHenroy, 1859, 265. 

* on some phenomena of metamor- 

phism in coal in the United States, 1860, 

lOI. 

EoGERS (Profs. H. D. and W. B.) on the 
physical structure of the Appalachian 
chain, as exemplifying the laws which 
have regulated the elevation of great 
mountain chains generally, 1842, 40. 

on the phenomena and theory of earth- 
quakes, 1843, 57. » 

Rogers (J. W.) on the nutritive properties 
of the potato, when properly manipulated, 
as compared with wheat, &c., 1857, 57. 

on some of the medicinal and chemical 

properties of carbonized peat moss, 1857, 5 8. 

Rogers (Prof. W. B.), general sketch of the 
structiu-e of Virginia, with especial refer- 
ence to the faults in the Alleghanies, 
1849, 65. 

* on the discovery of Paradoxides in 

New England, 1857, 89. 

Rogers (Profs. W. B. and R. E.) on a new 
process for analysing graphite, natural 
and artificial, 1848, 59. 

■ on the oxidation of the diamond in 
the liquid way, 1848, 60. 

* on the absorption of carbonic acid by 

sulphuric acid, 1848, 61. 

on the decomposition and partial solu- 
tion of minerals, rocks, &c. by pure water 
and water charged with carbonic acid, 
1849, 40. 

*RoGERS (Prof. W. B., of Boston, U.S), ozone 
observations, 1857, 58. 

— — on a very powerful induction appara- 
tus devised by Mr. E. S. Ritchie, 1857, 1 5. 

, experiments and conclusions on bino- 
cular vision, 1860, 1 7. 

on the phenomena of electrical va- 
cuum-tubes, 1860, 30. 

♦Ronalds (Prof. E.) on the oil of the sun- 
fish, 1852, 39. 



Ronalds (F.) on the meteorological obser- 
vations at Kew, with an account of the 
photographic self-registering apparatus, 
1846, 10. 

, notice of observations carried on at 

the Kew observatory, 1847, 30. 

*RooK (Mr.) on the tidal phenomena in the 
Bay of Fundy and the River de la Plata, 
1842, 22. 

RooKE (J.) on the relative age and true 
position of the millstone grit and shale, 
1844, 51. 

RooTSEY (Dr. S.) on the higher orders of 
Grecian music, 1836, 37. 

on mnemonical logarithms, 1836, 

38- 

* on Aranea avicularia, 1836, 98. 

on sugar, malt, and an ardent spirit 

from mangel wurzel, 1836, 107. 

RoscoE (Dr. H. E.), photochemical re- 
searches with reference to the laws of 
the chemical action of light, 1855, 48. 

Rose (A.) on the discovery of plumbago or 
graphite in the island of Mull, Hebrides, 
1850, 102. 

Rose (C. B.), notice of the antler of a rein- 
deer found below the cliff near South- 
wold, Suffolk, 1851, 69. 

on the discovery of a new Talpina ?, 

1852, 55. 

Rose (Prof. H.) on a new metal, Pelopium, 
1846, 37. 

Rosen (Count Adolphe de) on maps of 
Sweden, 1847, 67. 

Ross (Rear Admiral Sir John) on the au- 
rora borealis, 1835, 18; 1852, 31; 1855^ 
42. 

* on errors which may be occasioned 

by disregarding the influence of solar or 
artificial light on magnets, 1854, 12. 

on the deviation of the magnetic needle 

peculiar to Liverpool, 1854, 12. 

RossE (Earl of) on the nebula 25 Her- 
schel, or 61 of Messier's catalogue, 1845, 

4- 

on plain specula of silver for reflecting 

telescopes, 1851, 12. 

, drawings to illustrate recent observa- 
tions on nebulae, with remarks by Rev. 
Dr. Robinson, 1852, 22. 

-, address as President of the Mechanical 

- Section, 1857, 175. 

, address as President of the Mathema- 
tical Section, 1859, i. 

*RoTCii (Mr.) on the state of the patent 
laws, and the influence of those laws 
on the progress of the mechanical arts, 
1831-32, 613. 

*RoTii (Dr. M.) on the application of phy- 
siological principles to gymnastic educa- 
tion, 1855, 134. 

, aphoristic notes on sanitary statistics 

of workhouses and charitable institutions, 
1856, 149. 

RowELL (G-. A.) on the formation of rain, 
1840, 47. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



179 



EowELL (Or. A.) on the cause of the aurora, 
&c., 1840, 48. 

on the cause of the aurora, and the 

declination of the needle, 1847, 41. 

on the cause of evaporation, rain, hail- 
stones, and the winds of temperate re- 
gions, 1847, 41. 

EowLEY (S.) on a new rotatory steam- 
engine, 1838, 162. 

EowNBY (Dr. T. H.) on the composition of 
vandyke-brown, 1855, 70. 

on the composition of two mineral 

substances employed as pigments, 1855, 
70. 

— — on the analysis of some Connemara 
minerals, 1860, 71. 

on the composition of jet, 1860, 

72. 

RoYLE (Prof.) on caoutchouc, 1836, 105. 

on the diiferent species of cotton 

plants, and of the culture of cotton in 
India, 1842, 61. 

— — on the geographical distribution of 
plants in British India, 1845, 74. 

on the geographical distribution of the 

flora of India, and on the vegetation of 
its lakes, 1846, 74. 

on the black and green teas of com- 
merce, 1852, 69. 

*RuMBALL (Mr.) on asthma, 1841, 80. 

EuMSEY (H. W.) on the territorial distribu- 
tion of the population, for purposes of 
sanitary inquiry and social economy, 
1856, 151. 

EuNDELL (W.), magnetic experiments made 
on board the 'Grreat Eastern' steam- 
ship, 1857, 22. 

EiJppELL (Dr.) on the effects of poisons on 
the animal economy, 1834, 681. 

EusH (G-.) on observations of the barometer 
and thermometer made during ascents in 
balloons, 1849, 29. 

^^EussELL (Eev. Dr. C.) on the inhabitants 
and dialect of the Barony of Forth in the 
county of Wexford, 1857, 149. 

EussELL (J. S.) on the reduction of an 
anomalous fact in hydrodynamics, and on 
a new law of the resistance of fluids, 
1834, 531. 

on the motion of floating bodies, 1835, 

16. 

on the solid of least resistance, 1835, 

107. 

* on the ratio of the resistance of fluids 

to the velocity of waves, 1836, 41. 

* on the navigation of shallow rivers, 

1836, 130, 

on the mechanism of waves, in rela- 
tion to steam navigation, 1837, 130. 

on improvements in tidal rivers, 1837, 

131. 

on the construction of sea walls and 

embankments, 1837, 133. 

on the resistance of water, 1838, 

163. 

on the economical proportion of 



power to tonnage in steam-vessels, 1839, 

124. 
EussELL (J. S.) on the temperature of most 

effective condensation in steam-vessels, 

1840, 186. 
on the most economical and effective 

proportion of engine power to the tonnage 

of the hull in steam- vessels, 1840, 188. 
, report of a Committee on waves, 1842, 

19. 

on an indicator of speed of steam- 
vessels, 1842, 109. 

on the abnormal tides of the Firth of 

Forth, 1842, 115. 

on the application of our knowledge 

of the laws of sound to the construction 
of buildings, 1843, 96. 

on the tides of the east coast of Scot- 
land, 1844, 6. 

on the nature of the sound wave, 1844, 

II. 

on the resistance of railway trains, 

1844, 96. 

on the law which governs the resist- 
ance to motion of railway trains at high 
velocities, 1846, 109. 

on certain effects produced on sound 

by the rapid motion of the observer, 
1848, 37. 

on applications of the wave principle 

to the practical construction of steam- 
vessels, 1849, 30. 

on the progress of naval arcliitecture 

and steam navigation, including a notice 
of the large ship of the Eastern Steam 
Navigation Company, 1854, 160. 

, mechanical structure of the * Great 

Eastern' steamsliip, 1857, 195. 

EussELL (E.) on the passage of storms 
across the British Islands, 1850, 42. 

, observations on storms, 1851, 34. 

on the action of the winds which veer 

from the south-west to west, and north- 
west to north, 1853, 32. 

on the meteorology of the United 

States and Canada, 1855, 42. 

EussELL (W.) on the herring fishery ave- 
rages of Wick district, 1854, 176. 

EuTiiERGLEN (Mr.) ou the state of crime 
within the suburban districts of Glasgow, 
1840, 175. 

EuTiivEN (M. W.) on improvements in pro- 
pelling and navigating steam - vessels, 
1850, 186. 

Eyan (Mr.) on the application of water as a 
moving power, 1843, 99. 

Eyland (A.) on the income of scientific and 
literary societies, and the amount paid 
for rates and taxes, 1841, 95. 

Sabine (General) on the agency of glaciers 
in transporting rocks, 1843, 62. 

on the amount and frequency of the 

magnetic disturbances and of the aurora 
at Point Barrow, on the shores of the 
Polar Sea, 1857, 14. 

n2 



180 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Sacc (Dr.) on the chemical and physiologi- 
cal effects of feeding fowls, and on the 
changes and chemical composition of 
eggs during incubation, 1848, 89. 

Sadler (J. H.) on Indian fibres, 1858, 
195. 

♦Salmon (Rev. Dr. G.) on the surface of 
centres of an ellipsoid, 1857, 4. 

Salter (Dr. Bell), notice of his directions 
to botanists in the Isle of Wight, 1846, 
86. 

on the true nature of the tendril in the 

cucumber, 1846, 88. 

Salter (J. W.) on the structure and rela- 
tions of Cornulites, and other allied Silu- 
rian fossils, 1845, 57. 

* on some important additions to the 

fossils of the Silurian rocks, 1845, 57. 

on a system of colour for all geological 

maps, 1847, 69. 

on the fossils of the lower and upper 

Silurian rocks of Canada, 1851, 63. 

on the lowest fossiliferous beds of 

North Wales, 1852, 56. 

on a few genera of Irish Silurian fos- 
sils, 1852, 59. 

* on some fossils from the Cambrian 

rocks of the Longmynd, Shropshire, 
1855, 95. 

on some additions to the geology of 

the Arctic regions, 1855, 211. 

on the great Pterygotus (Seraphim) of 

Scotland, and other species, 1856, 75. 

on some new palaeozoic starfishes, 

compared with living forms, 1856, 76. 

on the fossils of the lower or Wenlock 

group, Dingle Promontory, co. Kerry, 
1857, 71. 

on the fossils from Durness, 1857, 

83. 

on the fossils of the Dingle district, 

1857, 89. 

Samuda (Mr.) on Cliff's dry gas-meter, 
1838, 1 58. 

Samuel (Mr.) on an early form of the lenti- 
cular stereoscope constructed for the use 
of schools, 1858, 19. 

Samuelson (B.) on improvements in ma- 
chines for tilling land, 1853, 121. 

Samuelson (J.) on the development of in- 
fusorial animalcules, 1856, 98. 

Sandbacii (Mr,), notice of a new Prionites 
from Mexico, and new species of titmouse, 
1837, 99. 

Sandeman (P.), tables of rain registered at 
Georgetown, Demerara, 1859, 52. 

Sanders (W.) on a raised sea-beach at 
Woodspring-hill, near Bristol, 1840, 102. 

on sections of the railway between 

Bristol and Bath, 1841, 67. 

on railway sections made on the line 

of the Great Western Railway, between 
Bristol and Taimton, 1846, 59. 

on the age of the Saurians named 

Thecodontosaurus and Palseosaurus, 1849, 
65. 



Sanders (Mr.), notice of an engraving done 
by a machine, being a combination of 
circular and straight line engraving, 1840, 
211. 

Sanderson (J. S.) on the supposed relation 
of the spleen to the origin of the coloured 
blood-corpuscle in the adult, 1850, 
134. 

*Sandland (J. D.) on sea Medusae, 1855, 
117. 

♦Saull ( W. D.), teeth of the fossil hippopota- 
mus, from a gravel-pit near Huntingdon, 

1834, 666. 

* on the ethnology and archaeology of 

the Norse and Saxons, in reference to 
Britain, 1851, 9c. 

* on the supposed action of water in 

geological formations, and the position of 
the poles of the earth, 1852, 61. 

Saunders (Capt. J.), design for safety har- 
bours, 1852, 129. 

Saunders (T.) on the variations of climate 
witliin the tropics, in connexion with the 
vertical action of the sun and the actual 
motion of the earth, especially with re- 
ference to the climate of the Gulf of 
Carpentaria in North Australia, 1853, 
91. 

Saunderson (Mr.) on yew trees in Ireland, 

1835, 76. 

Saxby (S. M.) on the connexion between 
magnetic variation with certain pecuUari- 
ties of the earth's structure, 1845, 16. 

*^Saxby (Mr.) on mechanical appliances on 
board merchant ships, 1854, 161. 

Scanlan (R.) on a fluid obtained in manu- 
facturing pyroxyHc spirit, 1835, 40. 

on a new substance (eblanine) ob- 
tained from the distillation of wood, 

1836, 76. 

on the constitution of the commercial 

carbonate of ammonia, 1838, 63. 

on the blackening of nitrate of silver 

by light, 1838, 63. 

SciiAFiiAEUTL (Dr.) ou the combinations of 
the constituents of cast iron, steel, and 
malleable iron, 1839, 49. 

on the relation of form to chemical 

composition, 1840, 65. 

on a new compound of arsenious and 

sulphuric acids, 1840, 69. 

on a new method of photogenic draw- 
ing, 1840, 71. 

on klinology in reference to the Bava- 
rian Alps, 1861, 69. 

*ScHARLiNG (Prof. E. A.) on the action of 
superheated steam upon organic bodies, 
1851, 51. 

ScHiEDE (Dr.) on the Oxalis tuberosa, Sola- 
num tuberosum, Cevadilla, Amole, &c., 
1835, 77. 

SciiLAGiNTWBiT (A. and R.), notices of jour- 
neys in the Himalayas of Kemaon, 1855, 
152. 

ScHLAGiNTWEiT (A.), noticc of his death, 
1858, 152. 






SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



181 



SciiLAGiNTWEiT (Lieut. E.) on the tribes 

composing the population of Morocco, 

1860, 177 
SciiLAGiNTWEiT (H. von) On some of the races 

in India and Upper Asia, 1857, 151. 
, general abstract of the results of 

Messrs. de Schlagintweit's magnetic survey 

of India, 18G0, 32. 
ScHLAGiNTWEiT (H. and E.) on erosion of 

rivers in India, 1857, 90. 
on some of the animals of Tibet and 

India, 1857, 106. 
ScHLAGiNTWEiT (H., A., and E.) on the 

routes pursued in India, the Himalayas, 

Tibet, and Turkistan, 1857, 149. 
SCHLAGINTWEIT (R. von) on thermo-baro- 

meters, compared with barometers at 

great heights, 1860, 50. 

on some of the races of India and 

High Asia, 1860, 175. 

SciiLossBERGER (Prof.) on the chemistry of 

foetal life, 1855, 135. 
SciiOMBURGK (Sir R. H.) -on the various 

modes of fishing employed by Indians in 

the west of Gruiana, 1840, 135. 
, description of Alexandria imperatri- 

cis, a new species of Papilionaceae, 1844, 

71- 

on a new species of Barbacenia, 1844, 

— — on the Ophiocaryon paradoxa, the 
snake-nut tree, 1844, 71. 

on the Calycophyllum Stanleyanmn, 

1844, 71. 

on Lightia lemniscata, a new genus of 

the Buttneriacese, 1844, 71. 
on two new species of the family Lau- 

rinese, 1844, 72, 
on the forest trees of British Guiana, 

1844, 72. 

on the natives of Guiana, 1844, 

83- 

on the lake Parima, the El Dorado of 

Sir Walter Ealeigh, and the geography of 
Guiana, 1845, 50. 

on the Murichi, or Ita Palm, of 

Guiana, 1845, 71. 

* on the superstitious and astronomical 

knowledge of the Indians of Guiana, 

1845, 82. 

* on sugar from potatoes, 1847, 57. 

on the geological structure of Barba- 

does, and on Ehrenberg's Polycystina, a 
new section of animalcules from BarlDa- 
does, 1847, 70. 

, remarks to accompany a comparative 

vocabulary of eighteen languages and dia- 
lects of Indian tribes inhabiting Guiana, 
1848, 96. 

on a uniform system to reduce un- 
written languages to alphabetical writing 
in Roman characters, 1848, 99. 

' , ethnological researches in Santo Do- 
mingo, 1851, 90. 

SciioNBEiN (Prof.), new electro-chemical re- 
searches, 1839, 31. 



ScHoNBEiN (Prof.) on the electrolysing power 
of a simple voltaic circle, 1842, 30. 

* on a peculiar condition of iron, 1842, 

40. 

on a peculiar formation of perman- 
ganic acid, 1847, 57. 

Schoolcraft (Rev. Mr.) on the production 
of sand storms and lacustrine beds, by 
causes associated with the North American 
lakes, 1842, 42. 

Schoolcraft (H. R.) on the languages of 
America, 1844, 83. 

ScHROETTER (Prof.) on the allotropic con- 
dition of phosphorus, 1849, 42. 

*ScHUNCK (Dr. E.) on a white crystalline 
substance obtained from lichens, 1841, 

53- 

on some products of the decomposition 

of erythrin, 1844, 31. 

on the products of the decomposition 

of chrysammic acid, 1847, 58. 

ScHWABE (L.) on spinning glass, 1842, 114. 

Schweitzer (E. G.), analysis of three species 
of Fucus, 1845, 37, 38. 

Sclater (Dr. P. L.) on the geographical 
distribution of recent terrestrial verte- 
brata, 1860, 121. 

ScoFFERN (Dr.) on the combined use of the 
basic acetates of lead and sulphurous 
acid in the colonial manufacture of sugar, 
1849, 42. 

on the sugar produce of the south of 

Spain, chiefly in connexion with the em- 
ployment of acetate of lead and sulphu- 
rous acid as purifying agents, 1850, 60. 

—— on gambogic acid and the gambo- 
giates, and their use in artistic painting, 
1851, 51. 

*ScoFFERN (T.) on waterproof and unalter- 
able small-arm cartridges, 1860, 72. 

ScoRESBY (Rev. Dr. W.) on magnetic phe- 
nomena, 1831-32, 80. 

, account of some extraordinary effects 

of lightning on the packet-ship ' New 
York,' 1831-32, 567. 

on a peculiar source of error in experi- 
ments with the dipping-needle, 1833, 
412. 

on a new compass bar, 1836, 28. 

on improved magnets, and the different 

modes of determining their powers, 1842, 
19. 

on the circumstances which affect the 

energy of artificial magnets, 1843, 13. 

* , notice of a trigonometrical indicator, 

1843, loi. 

on a new process of magnetic manipu- 
lation, and its action on cast iron and 
steel bars, 1844, 12. 

on steam navigation in America, 1844, 

97- „ 

on a new process 01 magnetic manipu- 
lation, with its effects on hard steel and 
cast iron, 1844, 100. 

on a large magnetic machine, 1845, 



182 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



*ScoRESBY (Eev. Dr. W.) on the mode of 
developing the magnetic condition, 1846, 

35- 

— — on the defects of and danger arising 
from the use of corrective magnets for 
local attraction on the compasses of iron- 
built vessels, 1847, 31. 

■ on Atlantic veaves, their magnitude, 
velocity, and phenomena, 1850, 26. 

on the surface-temperature and great 

currents of the North Atlantic and 
Northern Oceans, 1853, 18. 

on deep-sea soundings, and errors 

therein from strata-currents, with sug- 
gestions for their investigation, 1853, 22. 

on the popular notion of an open 

Polar sea, 1853, 92. 

on railway accidents by collision, and 

their prevention, 1853, 125. 

on pictorial and photochromatic im- 
pressions on the retina of the human 
eye, 1854, 12. 

on the loss of the ' Tayleur,' and the 

changes in the action of compasses in 
iron ships, 1854, 49. 

on the principles and measures on 

which safety in the navigation of iron 
ships may be reasonably looked for, 1854, 
53» 161. 

on the magnetism of iron ships, and 

its changes, 1855, 12. 

ScouLER (Dr.), geological map of the envi- 
rons of Dublin, 1835, 58. 

Scully (V.) on the population of Ireland 
at different intervals from 1603 to 1856, 
with causes for periodical increase or de- 
crease, 1856, 142. 

Searle (Dr. C.) on the cause of the blood's 
circulation through the liver, 1846, 93. 

Sedgwick (Rev. Prof. A.) on the geology of 
Caernarvonshire, 1831-32, 591. 

, classification of the old slate rocks of 

the north of Devonshire, 1836, 95. 

• on the Silurian and Cambrian systems, 

1835, 59. 

— — on an incursion of the sea into the col- 
lieries at Workington, 1837, 75. 

on the geology of the neighbourhood 

of Cambridge, including the formations 
between the chalk escarpment and the 
great Bedford level, 1845, 40. 

— — on the geological structure and rela- 
tions of the frontier chain of Scotland, 
1850, 103. 

on the classification and nomenclature 

of the older palaeozoic rocks of Britain, 
1853, 54. 

* on the May HiU sandstone, and the 

palaeozoic system of England, 1854, 95. 

* on faults in Cumberland and Lan- 
cashire, 1859, 265. 

* on the geology of the neighbourhood 

of Cambridge and the fossils of the upper 
greensand, 1860, 10 1. 

Segelcke (T.) on the current methods for 
estimating the cellular matter, or "woody 



fibre," in vegetable food-stuffs, 1859, 

79- 

Selby (P. J,), notice of birds observed in 
Sutherlandshire, 1834, 610. 

on the orbital glands in birds, 1834, 

609. 

Selkirk (Rev. J.) on the causes, extent, and 
preventives of crime, with especial refer- 
ence to Hull, 1853, 112. 

Seller (Dr. W.) on a physiological mode 
of resolving the metaphysical difficulties 
as to the origin of the notion of space, of 
motion, of the external, of substance, &c., 
1850, 135. 

Selvester (Rev. Mr.) on the depression of 
the coast of the Faroe Islands, 1840, 123. 

Selwyn (Rev. W.), Sir D. Brewster on the 
cause of an optical phenomenon observed 
by, 1844, 8. 

Senior (N. W.), address as President of 
Section P. at Oxford, 1860, 182. 

Serrin (M.), "regulateur automatique do 
lumiere electrique," 1860, 19. 

*Sewell (J.) on steam-boiler explosions, 
1854, 162. 

Seymour (D.) on the Caucasus and parts of 
the Crimea, 1854, 124. 

* , travels of General Fevrier in Central 

Asia, 1854, 125. 

SiiAFFNER (Colonel) on the geography of the 
North- Atlantic telegraph, 1860, 178. 

SiiAND (Mr.) on the agency of sound, 1840, 
52. 

^Sharp (J.) on the comparative value of 
the different kinds of gas-meters, 1846, 
114. 

Sharp (W.) on the formation of local 
museums, 1839, 65. 

on the ashes of v^heat, 1845, 36. 

Siiarpey (Dr.) on the anatomy of the blood- 
vessels of the porpoise, 1834, 682. 

Shaw (Mr.) on a new steam-engine worked 
with three kinds of pressure, 1842, iii. 

Shaw (A.) on some peculiarities in the cir- 
culation of the liver, 1842, 79. 

Shaw (Sir C.) on the criminal statistics of 
Manchester, 1842, 92. 

Shaw (Dr. N.) on the distribution of popu- 
lation in the Cimbric Chersonese, 1847, 

79- 

* on the races of the Cimbric Cher- 
sonese, 1847, 126. 

* , commercial documents relating to 

the eastern horn of Africa, 1852, 113. 

on the geography of British North 

America, more particularly British Co- 
lumbia, Frazer River, &c., 1858, 153. 

* on the proposed railway communi- 
cation between the Atlantic and Pacific 
oceans via the United States of America, 
1859, 266. 

SiiEPARD (Prof. C. U.), observations on me- 
teoric iron found in the United States, 
1839, 54. 

, notice of organic remains from the 

limestones of North America, 1839, 78. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



183 



Short (Mrs.) on the natives of Timor and 

Macassar, 1846, 115. 
* on the inhabitants of Port Essington, 

1846, 117. 
SiiORTREDE (Colonel) on the force of vapour, 

1846, 16. 

on a chart of the dew-point, 1847, 42. 

on calculating lunars, 1859, 4. 

on an improvement in the propor- 
tional compass, 1859, 63. 

* on decimal coinage, 1859, 223. 

Shuttlewortii (Mr.) on the vital statistics 
of the spinners and piecers employed in 
the fine cotton rniUs of Manchester, 1842, 

93- 

SiBBALD (Dr.) on a new plan for a ship 
communicator, 1856, 164. 

SiBsoN (Mr.) on an apparatus for delineating 
correctly the relative position and size of 
the viscera, either in the healthy condition 
or changed by disease, 1845, 85. 

^Siegfried (Dr.) on an inscription in the 
language of ancient Gaul, and on the 
recent researches of Zeuss and others into 
that language, 1857, 154. 

Siemens (C. W.) and M. Werner, outline of 
the principles and practice involved in 
dealing with the electric conditions of 
submarine electric telegraphs, 1860, 32. 

SiLBERMANN (T. J.) ou a method for the 
spherical printing of globes, 1858, 154. 

on a universal printing-press, 1858, 

220. 

* on a universal cock, 1858, 221. 

SiLjESTROM (Dr.) on those variations of the 
force and the direction of the terrestrial 
magnetism which seem to depend on the 
aurora borealis, 1848, 4. 

on the conditions of equilibrium in a 

rotating spheroid, 1858, 5. 

on the distribution of heat in the inte- 
rior of the earth, 1858, 23. 

on the magnetic dip at Stockholm, 

1858, 27. 

on the constitution of comets, 1858, 



so- 



on observations of temperature, 1858, 

39- 

Silver (S. W.) on gutta percha and india 
rubber as insulators for subaqueous tele- 
graphic wires, 1860, 212. 

*SiLVER (T.) on the importance of regu- 
lating the speed of marine engines, 1857, 
198. 

Sim (W.) on the blasting and quarrying of 
rocks, 1855, 209. 

SiMMONDS (P. L.) on rain-falls for a series 
of years at home and in foreign countries, 
1855, 45. 

on the growth and commercial pro- 
gress of the two Pacific states of Cali- 
fornia and Australia, 1855, 188. 

, statistics of newspapers of various 

countries, 1855, 188. 

Simons (W.) on improvements in iron ship- 
bmlding, 1860, 212. 



Simpson (Dr. J.) on the temperature of the 

air at Point Barrow, 1857, 37. 
Simpson (J. G.) on the contagiousness of 

cholera, 1837, 108. 
Sims (Mr.) on some specimens of borate of 

lime, 1854, 75. 
Slaney (Mr.) on wages in manufacturing 

districts, 1837, 138. 
Sleigh (Capt. A. W.) on the buoyant float- 
water, 1843, 102. 
^^Slimon (R.) on new forms of Crustacea 

from the district of Lesmahago, 1855, 

96. 
Sloper (G. B.) on the filtration of water for 

the supply of towns, 1844, 102. 
*Smith (Mr.) on the drainage of railway 

embankments and slopes, 1840, 209. 
* on timber bridges, 1840, 209. 

on propelling boats on canals, 1840, 

209. 

* on propelling boats, 1844, 98. 

*Smith (A.) on a graphic method of cor- 
recting the deviations of a ship's compass, 
1854, 13. 

on the origin of wire rope, its qualities 

and economy, 1854, 162. 

Smith (C. Roach) on a Roman sepulchral 
inscription on an Anglo-Saxon urn in the 
Faussett collection, 1855, 145. 

Smith (Dr.) on the action of nitric acid on 
naphtha, 1844, 33. 

*Smith (Dr. E.) on a new method of deter- 
mining the quantity of carbonic acid 
contained in the air, 1858, 66. 

on the results obtained from an ex- 
tended inquiry into the quantity of car- 
bonic acid evolved from the lungs under 
the influence of various agents, 1858, 
142. 

on the methods hitherto adopted for 

the determination of the carbonic acid 
contained in the expired air, with the 
description of a new method, 1858, 
142. 

* on the sequence in the phenomena 

observed in man under the influence of 
alcohol, 1859, 265. 

on the action of tea and alcohols, 1860, 

145- 

Smith (Rev. G. N.) on three un described 
bone-caves near Tenby, 1860, 10 1. 

Smith (Col. Hamilton) on the colossal Se- 
piadse, 1841, 73. 

Smith (Prof. H. J. S.) on systems of inde- 
terminate linear equations, 1860, 6. 

*Smith (J.) on a new steam-boiler, 1842, 

*Smitii (J.) on the relations of a circle in- 
scribed in a square, 1859, 10. 

Smith (James, of Deanston) on a new canal 
lock, 1840, 210. 

on a salmon stair, 1840, 136. 

Smith (James, of Jordan Hill) on some fossil 
trees, 1835, 63. 

on the changes which have taken place 

in the levels of Scotland, 1837, 87. 



184 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Smith (JAsrES, of Jordan Hill), notice of 
undescribed shells, 1837, loo. 

on the shells of the newer pleiocene 

deposits, 1838, 87. 

on the superficial beds in the neigh- 
bourhood of Glasgow, 1840, 94. 

* on the geology of Madeira, 1840, 

118. 

on the subsidence of the land at Puz- 

zuoli, 1845, 52. 

* on the conditions under which 

boulders occur in Scotland, 1852, 61. 

* on the shelly deposits of the basin of 

the Clyde, with proofs of change of cli- 
mate, 1855, 96. 

Smith (John, of Perth) on the production 
of colour and the theory of light, 1859, 
22. 

on the chromoscope, 1860, 65. 

Smith (John) on the rubble bridge of 
Ashiesteel, 1850, 187. 

Smith (J. P.) on the superiority of mac- 
adamized roads for streets of large towns, 
1849, 129. 

Smith (E.) on a wreck intelligencer, 1858, 
221. 

Smith (Dr. E. Angus) on sulphuric acid in 
the air and water of towns, 1851, 52. 

Smith (S.), notice of some balls composed 
of the hairs of a plant, 1858, 117. 

Smith (S.) on the bursting of guns and 
cannons, 1858, 221. 

Smith (Dr. W.) on the variations in the 
quantity of rain in different parts of the 
earth, 1838, 27. 

*Smith (W.) on improved meclianical 
means for the extraction of oil, and 
the economical manufacture of ma- 
nures from fish and fishy matter, 1856, 
164. 

Smith (W. H.) on the natural peculia- 
rities and advantages of the mineral field 
and the proposed harbour of Fair Head, 
Ireland, 1852, 129. 

"Smith (W. L.) on the choice of subject in 
photography, 1858, 66. 

Smyth (Prof. C. P.) on changes in the posi- 
tion of the transit-instrument, attributed 
to the temperature of the earth, 1847, 37. 

* — — on cometary physics, 1850, 31. 

* account of the Edinburgh observa- 
tory, 1850, 31. 

— — on a new form of equatorial mounting 
for the Edinburgh observatory, 1850, 
187. 

on a mode of cooling the air of rooms 

in tropical climates, 1850, 188. 

on the application of telescope sights 

to rifles, 1850, 188. 

* on a method of applying the power 

of wind to a pump, for the purpose of 
irrigation, 1851, 118. 

on an improved form of reflecting in- 

striunent for use at sea, 1852, 12. 

on the red prominences seen during 

the total solar eclipse of 1851, 1852, 13. 



Smyth (Prof. C. P.) on Penrose and Ben- 
nett's sliding helicograph, 1852, 129. 

on solar refraction, 1855, 29. 

on altitude-observations at sea, 1855, 

29. 

on the transmission of time-signals, 

1855, 29. 

on naval anemometrical observations, 

1855, 45. 

on the constancy of solar radiation, 

1856, 28. 

, notice of the engraving of three views 

of the Mare Crisium, 1857, 28. 

Smyth (Admiral) on the results of measure- 
ments of y Virginis, 1857, 32. 

Smythies (J. K.) on the motion of points 
or atoms subject to any law of force, 
1839, 24. 

Snow (Capt. W. P.) on practical experience 
of the law of storms in each quarter of 
the globe, 1860, 52. 

on the lost Polar expedition, and the 

possible recovery of its scientific docu- 
ments, 1860, 180. 

SoLLiTT (J. D.) on the composition and 
figuring of the specula of reflecting tele- 
scopes, 1853, 10. 

on the chemical constitution of the 

Humber deposits, 1853, 49. 

on the Diatomacese found in the 

neighbourhood of Hull, 1853, 63, 

Solly (E.), analysis of American soils on 
which cotton is grown, 1839, 91. 

on bleaching vegetable wax, 1840, 

86. 

, notice of diseased bark of ash-trees, 

occasioned by insects, 1842, 65. 

on gutta percha, a new variety of 

caoutchouc, 1845, 32. 

on the influence of galvanic electricity 

on the germination of seeds, 1845, 69. 

*Solomon (J. V.) on squinting, 1841, 
80. 

*Somers (W.) on a new alga, 1853, 63. 

SopwiTii (T.) on the mountain-limestone 
formation in Alston Moor, 1838, 79^ 

on the construction of geological mo- 
dels, 1838, 94. 

on an improved levelling stave, 1838, 

^54- 
, description of instruments to facilitate 

the process of isometrical projection, 

1838, 155. 
on improved writing-cabinets, 1838, 

on the importance of preserving na- 
tional mining records, 1838, 156. 

SoRBY (H. C.) on the tetramorphism of 
carbon, 1850, 62. 

— — on the structure and mutual relation- 
ships of the older rocks of the Highland 
border, 1855, 96. 

on some of the mechanical structures 

of limestones, 1855, 97. 

on the currents produced bythe action 

of the winds and tides, and the structures 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



185 



generated in the deposits formed under 
their influence, by which the physical 
geography of the seas at various geolo- 
gical epochs may be ascertained, 1855, 

97. 
SoRBY (H. C), description of a working 

model to illustrate the formation of " drift 
* bedding," 1856, 77. 

on the magnesian limestone having 

been formed by the alteration of an or- 
dinary calcareous deposit, 1856, 77. 

on the microscopical structure of mica- 
schist, 1856, 78. 

on sjme facts connected with slaty 

cleavage, 1857, 92. 

. on a new method of determining the 
temperature and pressure at which various 
rocks and minerals were formed, 1858, 
107. 

— — on some peculiarities in the arrange- 
ment of the minerals in igneous rocks, 

1858, 107. 

on the currents present during the de- 
position of the carboniferous and Permian 
strata in South Yorkshire and North 
Derbyshire, 1858, 108. 

on the origin of " cone-in-cone," 

1859, 124. 

SoRET (Louis) on the correlation of dyna- 
mic electricity and the other physical 
forces, 1857, 16. 

South (Sir J.) on the satellites af Jupiter, 
1831-32, 87. 

SouTHWOOD (Mr.) on Mr. Whewell's ane- 
mometer, 1837, 33. 

SowERBY (G-. B.) on certain monstrosities 
of Encrinus moniliformis, 1838, 115. 

on Lycopodium lepidophyllum, 1838, 

119. 

SoYREs (Rev. F. De) on the educational 
statistics of Sidlesham, 1837, 140. 

*Speke (Captain), discovery of lake Nyanza 
in Central Africa, 1859, 266. 

* on the commercial resources of Zan- 
zibar on the east coast of Africa, 1859, 
266. 

Spence (J.) on the production of sulphu- 
rous acid gas from the combustion of coal, 
1854, 75. 

Spence (P.) on Robertson's patent chain 
propeller, 1859, 243. 

Spencer (T.) on the deposition of metals 
by voltaic action, 1839, 38. 

exhibited a cylindrical battery of great 

intensity in small space, 1839, 39. 

— — on the supply and purification of 
water, 1859, 83. 

Spineto (Marquis) on the site of the ancient 
city of Memphis, 1836, 96. 

on the results of trials made for water 

in the desert between Suez and Cairo, 
1837, 66. 

* on the Egyptians and Americans, 

1845, 80. 

Spittal (Dr.) on the cause of the sounds of 
respiration, 1838, 122. 



Splittgerber (M.) on the manufacture of 
a coloured glass, 1845, 29. 

Spooner (W. C) on certain principles 
which obtain in the application of ma- 
nures, 1846, 44. 

Spottiswoode (W.) on the fundamental 
laws of motion and equilibrium, 1847, 5. 

Spratt (Capt.) on a remarkable pheno- 
menon presented by the fossils in the 
freshwater tertiary strata of the island of 
Cos, 1845, 59.^ 

on the influence of temperature 

upon the distribution of the fauna in the 
^geanSea, 1848, 81. 

* on the route between Kustenjeh 

and the Danube, 1856, 119. 

^Sprengel (Dr. H.) on a new form of 
blowpipe for laboratory use, 1860, 72. 

Square (W. J.) on empyema, 1841, 82. 

Stainton (H. T.) on the distribution of 
British butterflies, 1859, 156. 

on some pecuHar forms amongst the 

micro -lepidopterous larv£e, 1860, 122. 

Stanger (Dr. W.) on certain furrows and 
smoothings in the surface of granite, 
caused by drift sand, at the Cape of Grood 
Hope, 1852, 61. 

Stanley (Capt.) on the lengths and velo- 
cities of waves, 1848, 38. 

Stanley (Lord), address as President of the 
Statistical Section, 1856, 122. 

Stanspeld (H.) on distinctions between 
money and capital, interest and discount, 
currency and circulating medium, essen- 
tial to be observed in the reform of our 
monetary laws, 1858, 197. 

*Stark (Dr.) on the statistics of small-pox, 
1845, 90. 

Stark (Dr. James) on the structure and 
mode of the formation of glaciers, 1842, 
58. 

Stark (John), return of the number of 
civil actions and civil and criminal pro- 
secutions and informations in the north- 
ern district of Newfoundland during 29 
years, 1855, 191. 

Statham (Rev. F. F.) on a curious exem- 
plification of instinct in birds, 1853, 71. 

on the consumption of smoke in fur- 
naces and manufacturing premises, 1853, 
127. 

on railway collisions, with suggestions 

for their prevention, 1853, 129. 

on the geology of the Scilly Isles, 

1858, 108. 

on the occurrence of Bombyx mori in 

a wild state in this country, 1858, 130. 

*Stather (J.) on an improved printing- 
machine, 1854, 163. 

Stein (J.) on a direct method of separating 
arsenious from arsenic acid, and on its 
application to the estimation of nitric 
acid, 1850, 62. 

Steiniieil (Prof), notice of liis method of 
making specula by the electrotype, 1842, 
16. 



186 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Stephens (J.), a return from Oct. 2, 1837, 
to Aug. 2, 1838, of prisoners coming 
under the cognizance of the police in 
Newcastle, 1838, i66. 

^Stephenson (R.) on the accident to the 
Britannia Bridge, 1849, iii. 

Stevelly (Prof.), attempt to connect the best- 
known phenomena of meteorology with 
established physical principles, 1834, 564. 

on the application of a vernier to a 

scale, not of equal but of variable parts, 
1834, 596. 

, description of a self -registering baro- 
meter, 1835, 109. 

on the doubtful algebraic sign in 

certain formulse of algebraic geometry, 
1836, 5. 

on the mathematical rules for con- 
structing compensating pendulums, 1836, 

on filling a barometer without an air- 
pump, and procuring an invariable sur- 
face in the cistern, 1839, 21. 

on the projection of a star on the dark 

limb of the moon, 1845, 5. 

on the occasional distinct vision of 

rapidly revolving coloured sectors, 1850, 
21. 

on the limit of weight which may 

safely be laid on a pile driven into the 
ground, 1854, 163. 

on a method of treating the doctrine 

of parallel lines, 1856, 8. 

Stevenson (R), his reasons for postponing 
the report on the waste and extension of 
the land of the east coast of Britain, and 
the permanency of the relative level of the 
sea and land, 1831-32, 582. 

Stevenson (T.) on the force of the waves, 
1850, 189. 

Stewart (Balfour) on certain laws ob- 
served in the mutual action of sulphuric 
acid and water, 1855, 70. 

on a thermometer for measuring fluc- 
tuations of temperature, 1856, 47. 

, experiments on radiant heat, invol- 
ving an extension of Prevost's theory of 
exchanges, 1858, 23. 

on radiant heat, 1859, 23. 

* on some recent extensions of Pro- 
vost's theory of exchanges, 1860, 19. 

Stokes (Prof. G-. G.) on the aberration of 
light, 1845, 9. 

on the resistance of a fluid to two 

oscillating spheres, 1847, 6. 

on a difficulty in the theory of light, 

1848, 5. 

on the refraction of light beyond the 

critical angle, 1848, 5. 

on the perfect blackness of the centre 

of Newton's rings, 1848, 7. 

on the resistance of the air to pendu- 
lums, 1848, 7. 

on a mode of measuring the astigma- 
tism of a defective eye, 1849, 10. 

on the determination of the wave- 



length corresponding with any point of 
the spectrum, 1849, 11. 

Stokes (Prof. G. G.) on the mode of dis- 
appearance of Newton's rings in passing 
the angle of total internal reflexion, 1850, 
19. 

on metallic reflexion, 1850, 19. 

on a fictitious displacement of fringes 

of interference, 1850, 20. 

on Haidinger's brushes, 1850, 20. 

on a new elliptic analyser, 1851, 14. 

on the optical properties of a recently 

discovered salt of quinine, 1852, 15. 

* on the application of certain optical 

phenomena to chemistry, 1852, 39. 

on the achromatism of a double object- 
glass, 1855, 14. 

on the effect of wind on the intensity 

of sound, 1857, 22. 

*Stokes (Major J.) on the Lower Danube, 
1859,197. 

Stokes (Capt. J. L.), survey of the southern 
part of the middle island of New Zealand, 
1851, 97. 

Stokes (Dr. W.) on the efiects of accumu- 
lations of liquids or of air within the 
cavity of the thorax, 1835, 98. 

Stoney (B. B.) on the formation of the en- 
trances to tidal basins, 1857, 198. 

Stoney (Prof, G. Johnstone) on a collimator 
for completing the adjustments of reflect- 
ing telescopes, 1856, 30. 

, description of an arrangement of 

Grove's battery, 1857, 20. 

on the propagation of waves, 1859, 9. 

on the nomenclature of metrical mea- 
sures of length, 1859, 243. 

on rings seen in viewing a luminous 

point through fibrous specimens of calc- 
spar, 1860, 19. 

Stotherd (Lieut.) on a patch of granite in 
Cavan, 1835, 58. 

Stow (D.) on moral training for large towns, 
1855, 191. 

*Strachey (Capt.) on hourly meteorolo- 
gical observations made in Thibet, 1850, 

43- 

on the geology of a part of the Hima- 
laya and Thibet, 1851, 69. 

on the botanical geography of a part 

of the Himalaya and Thibet, 1851, 72. 

on the geography of Kumaon and 

Garhwal in the Himalaya, 1851, 92. 

on the inhabitants of Kumdon and 

Garhwal in the Himalaya, 1851, 94. 

on the formula for the wet-bulb ther- 
mometer, 1852, 31. 

Strang (Dr. J.) on the progress of Glasgow, 
in population, wealth, manufactures, &c., 
1850, 162. 

on the progress and extent of steam- 
boat building in the Clyde, 1852, 120. 

on the progress, extent, and value of 

the coal and iron trade of the west of 
Scotland, 1856, 193. 

— — on the progress, extent, and value of 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



187 



the porcelain, earthenware, and glass 
manufacture of Glasgow, 1856, 153. 

Strang (Dr. J.) on the money-rate of wages 
of labour in Glasgow and the west of 
Scotland, 1856, 155. 

on the rise, progress, and value of the 

embroidered muslin manufacture of Scot- 
land and Ireland, 1857, 167. 

on the advantages arising from -the 

improvement of tidal rivers as exempli- 
fied by the state of the Clyde, 1857, 167. 

on the water-supply to great towns, 

its extent, cost, uses, and abuses, 1858, 
198. 

on the sewing-machine in Glasgow, 

and its effects on production, prices, and 
wages, 1858, 198. 

on church-building in Glasgow, 1859, 

223. 

Strangways (Hon. F.) on the natural pe- 
culiarities of the mountain called the 
Louisenberg, in a letter to Sir R. I. Mur- 
chison, 1846, 91, 

Strickland (A.) on a species of Procellaria 
new to the British fauna, 1831-32, 598. 

on the Ardea alba, 1838, 106. 

* on a species of Scyllium taken on the 

Yorkshire coast, 1838, 107. 

■ on the British wild geese, 1858, 131. 

Strickland (Prof. H. E.) on the nature and 
origin of transported gravel in England, 
1837, 61. 

, queries respecting the gravel near 

Birmingham, 1839, 71. 

on the true method of discovering the 

natural system in zoology and botany, 
1840, 128. 

on the genus Cardinia, Agassiz, as cha- 
racteristic of the lias formation, 1841, 65. 

, notice of a map of Santorin, 1841, 68. 

on Halcyon smymensis, 1842, 70. 

on a chart of the natural affinities of 

the Insessorial order of birds, 1843, 69. 

on the structure and affinities of 

TJpupa, Linn., and Irrisor, Lesson, 1843, 

, notice of the Prince of Canino's work, 

' Fauna Italica,' 1843, 70. 

, notice of Capt. Drummond's cata- 
logues of birds of Corfu, the Ionian 
Islands, and of Crete, 1843, 70. 

* on an anomalous structure in the 

paddle of an Ichthyosaurus, 1844, 51. 

on the footprints of animals on the 

new red sandstone of Corncockle Muir, 
1845, 51. 

on results of researches into the fossil 

insects of the Secondary formations of 

Britain, 1845, 58. 
on the history of the Dodo and other 

allied species of birds, 1847, 79. 
* on anastatic jDrinting and its various 

combinations, 1848, 120. 

on vegetable remains in the Keuper 

sandstone of Longdon, Worcestershire, 
1849, 66. 



Strickland (Prof. H. E.) on two additional 
bones of the long-legged Dodo, or Soli- 
taire, brought from Mauritius, 1849, 81. 

' on a peculiar structure in the sub- 
medial pair of rectrices of Vidua para- 
disea, 1850, 126. 

on pseudomorphous crystals in new 

red sandstone, 1853, 61. 

on the Partridges of the great water- 
shed of India, 1853, 71. 

on the mode of growth of Halichon- 

dria suberea, 1853, 72. 

*Struthers (Dr. J.) on the use of the round 
ligament of the head of the femur, 1855, 

^35- 
on the use of the round ligament of 

the hip-joint, 1855, 136. 
on the explanation of the crossed in- 
fluence of the brain, 1855, 136. 
Struve (Prof.) on the importance of accu- 
.rately connecting the observatories of 

Russia and of Greenwich, 1847, 46. 
Struve (W. P.) on the great anticlinal line 

of the mineral basin of South Wales, 

1848, 75. 
on the ventilation of collieries, with 

description of a new mine-ventilator, 

1848, 120. 

on a new low-pressure atmospheric 

railway, 1848, 120. 

Stuart (J.) on the sculptured stones of 

Scotland, 1859, 197. 
Stuart (W.) on the Plymouth breakwater, 

1841, 99. 
Sturgeon (W.) on electro-magnetism, 1831- 

32, 569. 

on a peculiar class of voltaic pheno- 
mena, 1840, 86. 

Sturm (Prof.) on a method of manufacturing 
cylindrical lenses, 1854, 47. 

Sturt (Capt. C.) on an Australian expedi- 
tion, 1854, 125. 

on discoveries in Australia, 1856, 119. 

Stutchbury (S.) on an additional species of 
saiu-ian found near Bristol, 1836, 90. 

on a large cylindrical bone found in 

the "bone-bed" of Aust Cliff, on the 
Severn, 1849, 67. 

Sullivan (Mr.) on the tribes of Indians in- 
habiting the country explored by the 
British North- American expedition, 1860, 

173- 

Sullivan (Prof. W. K.) on a process for the 
determination of the nitrates in plants, 
1857, 58. 

on the presence of several acids of the 

series C^ H" O^ among the products of 
the distillation of peat, 1857, 58. 

on the solubility of salts at high tem- 
peratures, and on the action of saline 
solutions on silicates under the influence 
of heat and pressure, 1857, 59. 

* on the influence which physical cha- 
racteristics exert upon the language and 
mythology of a people, as a means of 
tracing the affinities of races, 1857, 153. 



188 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Sullivan (Prof. W. K.) on some double 

salts formed with bicliromate of potash, 

1858, 66. 
SuNDEVALL (^Prof. C, J.) on the muscles of 

the extremities of birds, 1855, 137. 
SusiNi (Senor) on the Amazon and Atlantic 

water-courses of South America, 1855, 

155- 

^Sutherland (Dr.) on glaciers in the Arctic 
regions, 1854, 126. 

Sutherland (K. L.), observations on Van- 
couver Island, 1857, 153. 

Sutton (T.) on a new photographic lens 
which gives images entirely free from 
distortion, 1859, 63. 

SvANBERG (Prof. A. F.) on a new multiply- 
ing condenser, 1846, 31. 

Swan (W.) on the limits to the velocity of 
lighthouse revolving apparatus, 1850, 191. 

Sykes (Col.) on mean temperatures in Inma, 

1834, 567. 

on the measurement of heights by 

common thermometers, 1835, 25, 26. 

on the geographical range of birds, 

1835, 69. 

on wages in India, 1835, 118. 

* on education in the Deccan, 1835, 

125. 

* , statistics of Australia, 1835, 125. 

on the fruits of the Deccan, 1836, 106. 

■ on the utility of cooperating com- 

mittees of trade and agriculture for in- 
vestigating the natural and artificial pro- 
ducts of India, 1836, 149. 

, proceedings of the Meteorological 

Committee, 1837, 37. 

on a rare animal from South America, 

1838, 104. 

on the statistics of vitality in Cadiz, 

1838, 174. 

on certain meteorological phenomena 

in the Ghats of Western India, 1839, 15. 

, extract of a letter from Capt. Aston 

on a shower of grain, 1840, 44. 

— — on the meteorology of the province of 
Coorg, in the western Grhats of India, 
1842, 22. 

on the mortality of Calcutta, 1844, 

88. 

on the statistics of Frankfort-on-the- 

Maine, 1844, 88. 
on the statistics of hospitals for the 

insane in Bengal, 1844, 89. 
on the fall of rain on the coast of Tra- 

vancore and table-land of Uttree, from 

observations of General Cullen, 1846, 22 ; 

1848, 39. 
. , statistics of civil justice in India, 

1846, 94. 

, statistics of the criminal courts of 

India, 1846, 95. 

, statistics of the Qt)vemment chari- 
table dispensaries of India, 1846, 96. 

i on barometrical levellings in the Ma- 
dras Presidency, 1847, 42. 

— — , prices of the cerealia and other edi- 



bles of India and England compared, 

1847, 107. 
Sykes (Col.), revenue statistics of the Agra 

Government, or north-west provinces of 

Bengal, 1847, 109. 
—— on atmospheric disturbances, and on 

a remarkable storm at Bombay, 1848, 41. 
•■ , remarks on the Dutch possessions in 

the East, 1848, 1 12. 
, statistics of civil justice in Bengal in 

which the Goveriament is a party, 1848, 

116. 
— — , contributions to the statistics of sugar 

produced in India, 1849, 108. 
, statistical account of the labouring 

population inhabiting the Metropolitan 

Society's buildings at St. Pancras, 1849, 

108. 

on Indian hail-storms, 1850, 43. 

, statistics of criminal and civil justice 

under the Bombay Government, 1850, 

159. 
, note on Mr. Pyle's meteorological 

observations at Futtegurh, Bengal, 1851, 

40. 
on the possessions of the Imaum of 

Muscat, and on the climate of Zanzibar, 

with observations on the prospects of 

African discovery, 1852, 113. 

on the census and condition of the 

island of Bombay, 1852, 120. 

on the meteorology of Nice Maritime, 

1854, 34. 
, statistics of Nice^Maritime, 1854, 145. 

on the establishment of a meteorolo- 
gical and magnetical observatory at Tra- 
vancore by Mr. Broun, 1858, 30. 

on the desirableness of renewing bal- 
loon-ascents in England for meteorolo- 
gical objects, 1858, 39. 

, introductory address as President of 

the Statistical Section, 1859, 200. 

on the past, present, and prospective 

financial condition of British India, 1859, 
223. 

Sylvester (Prof J. J.) on the relation of 
Sturm's auxiliary functions to the roots of 
an algebraic equation, 1841, 23. 

on the double square representation 

of prime and composite numbers, 1844, 2. 

on the expressions for the quotients 

which appear in the application of Sturm's 
method to the discovery of the real roots 
of an equation, 1853, i. 

on a generalization of Poncelet's theo- 
rems for the linear representation of 
quadratic radicals, 1860, 7. 

Sym (Dr.) on the mechanical fimctions of 
the ear, 1840, 154. 

Syme (Prof.) on excision of diseased joints, 
1834, 684. 

Symonds (Eev. W. S.), notice of some fossil 
remains of fishes from the old red sand- 
stone of Herefordshire and the carbo- 
niferous limestone of Tortworth, 1854, 
95- 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



189 



Symonds (Eev. W. S.) on a phyllopod crus- 
tacean in the upper Ludlow rock of Lud- 
low, 1855, 98. 

* on some phenomena in the Malvern 

district, 1856, 78. 

* on the rocks of Dean Forest, 1856, 

78. 

on a fossil of the Severn drift, 1857, 

93- 

on a new species of Eurypterus from 

the old red sandstone of Herefordshire, 
1857, 93. 

on some fishes and tracks from the 

passage rocks and from the old red sand- 
stone of Herefordshire, 1859, 124. 

on the fish-rain at Aberdare in Gla- 
morganshire, 1859, 158. 

on drift pebbles found in the stomach 

• of a cow, 1859, 158. 

on the selection of a peculiar geolo- 
gical habitat by some of the rarer British 
plants, 1860, 102. 

Symons (G-. J.) on a new standard portable 
mountain -barometer,- 1858, 39. 

* on thunder-storms, 1859, 54. 

, results of an investigation into the 

phenomena of English thunder-storms, 
1860, 52. 

^Symons (J.) on phenomena discovered in 
the moon, 1856, 31. 

*Symons (J. C.) on criminal statistics, 1857, 
168. 

Symons (W.) on a new electrical battery, 

1854, 75. 

on a new form of the gas battery, 

1855, 15. 

on a modification of the Maynooth 

cast-iron battery, 1856, 16. 

Synge (Major) on the most rapid commu- 
nication with India, via British North 
America, 1852, 114. 

^ on rapid communication between the 

Atlantic and the Pacific, via British 
North America, 1859, 200. 

*■ on the proposed communication be- 
tween the Atlantic and Pacific, via Bri- 
tish North America, 1860, 181. 

Talbot (H. E.), account of researches in 
the integral calculus, 1836, i. 

on Daguerre's photogenic process, 

1839, 3. 

on the improvement of the telescope, 

1842, 16. 
on photography, 1844, 105. 

on a new principle of crystallization, 

1847, 58. 

Tamnau (Dr. F.) on some rare mineralogical 
specimens, 1843, 38. 

on newly-discovered three-twin cry- 
stals of harmotome, 1843, 38. 

Tankerville (Earl of), account of the wild 
cattle of Chillingham Park, 1838, 100. 

Tartt (W. M.) on some statistics bearing 
upon the relations existing between 
poverty and crime, 1856, 159. 



Tartt (W. M.) on the criminal statistics of 

thisandcertain foreign countries,1857, 168. 
on subjects connected with crime and 

punishment, 1858, 199. 
Tate (T.) on the density of steam at various 

temperatures, 1859, 233, 
Tayler (A.) on the true action of what are 

called heat-diffusers, 1859, 244. 
Taylor (F.), Groliathus giganteus, and the 

jaws of a shark, exhibited by, 1837, 100. 
*Taylor (H.) on the chemical composition 

of the rocks of the coal formation, 1850, 

63. 
Taylor (J.) on the Arctic flora, 1859, 140. 

on Falco islandicus and F. groen- 

landicus, 1859, 158. 

Taylor (John) on the collection and ar- 
rangement of vein -stones, and importance 
of an accurate examination of their con- 
nexion with the rocks in which they occur, 
1831-32, 585. 

on the action of hot water upon glass, 

and Dr. WoUaston's suggested experiment 
for measuring the corroding power by 
steam under pressure upon glass, 1831-32, 
592. 

on the depths of mines, 1833, 427. 

on the duty of steam-engines in Com- 

waU, 1835, 108. 

on the comparative value of the mineral 

productions of Great Britain and the rest 
of Europe, 1836, 144. 

on the duty of the Cornish engines, 

1837, 133- 

, notice of the Dutch Commissioners' 

visit to Cornwall to ascertain the duty 
done by the Cornish engines, with the 
experiments made, 1840, 197. 

* on tlie water-power at Wheal Friend- 
ship mine, 1841, 106. 

, notice of the immense steam-engine 

for draining the lake of Haarlem, 1843, 
100. 

■ , notice of A. Eous's steam-engine indi- 
cator, 1843, 1 01. 

, notice of Mr. Cooke's clock move- 
ment and new mode of suspending the 
pendulum, 1843, 10 1. 

on an iron floating graving dock, 1854, 

163. 

Taylor (Dr. J.) on tropical hurricanes, 
1852, 31. 

on waterspouts, 1855, 45. 

Taylor (Mr.), notice of a new kind of 
drawing paper, 1842, 114. 

Taylor (Capt.) on a floating breakwater, 
1841, 100. 

on a shield to protect the paddle- 
wheels of steam-boats from the action of 
the sea, 1841, 10 1. 

Taylor (Admiral) on means to lessen the 
loss of life round oar coasts ; also a per- 
manent deep-water harbour of refuge by 
artificial bars, 1860, 215. 

^Taylor (Dr.) on combustion in furnaces 
and prevention of smoke, 1855, 209. 



190 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Taylor (T. L.) on tho sounds emitted by 
mollusca, 1848, 82. 

Taylor (Eev. W.) on coal-gas, 1831-32, 88. 

, specimens of ornamental turning ex- 
hibited by, 1831-32, 610. 

— — , description of Mr. Littledale's appa- 
ratus by which the blind can write and 
read, 1844, 99. 

Taylor (Dr. W. C), report of the Univer- 
sity of New York, 1837, 139. 

on the Irish silk manufacture, 1843, 
89. 

on the pauper lunatics of Ireland, 

1843, 90. 

*TciiinATCiiEPF (Pierre de), travels in Asia 

Minor, 1851, 95. 
* on the geographical distribution of 

plants in Asia Minor, 1860, 181. 
Teale (T. p.) on Alcyonella stagnorum, 

1836, 104. 
on the gemmiferous bodies and ver- 
miform filaments of Actiniae, 1838, 113. 
on the superficial deposits of the vaUey 

of the Aire at Leeds, 1858, iii. 
Tegetmeier (W. B.) on the formation of the 

cells of bees, 1858, 132. 
Tennent (A.), statistics of a G-lasgow gram- 
mar-school class of 115 boys, 1855, 192. 
*Tennent (Prof. J.) on pseudomorphous 

crystals from volcanic districts of India, 

1848, 61. 
on the Koh-i-noor diamond, 1852, 39 ; 

1854, 75; 1860, 87. 
* on descriptive labels for mineral 

collections in public institutions, 1857, 57. 
, notes on gold nuggets from Australia, 

1859, 85. 
TiiiBERT (Dr.), notice of his . method of 

modelling and colouring after nature aU 

kinds of fishes, 1846, 80. 
TiioM (Mr.) on a water filter, 1840, 206. 

on an improved rain-gauge, 1840, 

210. 

Thomas (Mr.) on abnormal tides, 1843, 19. 

Thomas (E.,) on thin films of decomposed 
glass found near Oxford, 1860, 19. 

Thompson (Dr. Theophilus) on the value 
of opium as a remedy in rheumatism, and 
on the circumstances which should regu- 
late its employment, 1841, 78. 

Thompson (W.), results of deep dredging of 
the Midi of Galloway, by Capt. Beechey, 

1842, 72. 

on the alpine hare of Scotland and 

Ireland, 1843, 68. 

, notice of a specimen of the Pycno- 

notus chrysorrhaeus shot near Waterford, 

1843, 71. 

on the nidification of the woodcock in 

Ireland, 1843, 71. 

, some additions to the fauna of Ire- 
land, 1843, 73 ; 1844, 66 ; 1846, 83 ; 
1847, 80; 1848, 125. 

, a comparison of the rain at Florence 

Court, Enniskillen, with that at Belfast 
during the same period, 1844, 14. 



Thompson (W.) on the crania of two species 
of crocodile from Sierra Leone, 1846, 

79- 

on the land mollusca, zoophytes, an 

algae of the Isle of Wight, 1846, 83. 

, zoology of Lough Neagh, compared 

with that of the Lake of G-eneva, 1846, 
84. 

, notice of phanerogamous and crypto- 

gamous plants collected by D. Murray 
in the co. Cork, 1843, 79. 

, additions to the flora of Ireland, 1846, 

90. 

, comparison of the periods of the 

flowering of plants in the Botanic Garden, 
Belfast, and the Jardin des Plantes at 
Paris, 1846, 90. 

^Thompson (Wm.), photographs of objects 
of natural history, exliibited by, 1856; 
105. 

, results of a day's dredging in Wey- 
mouth Bay, 1857, 108. 

Thomson (Eev. Dr.) on meteorology consi- 
dered chiefly in relation to agriculture, 
1849, 33. 

Thomson (Dr. Allen), remarks on some 
specimens of reptiles, 1834, 623. 

on the structure of the gastro-intestinal 

mucous membrane^nd of the gastric and 
intestinal glands, 1840, 149. 

on the formation and structure of the 

spermatozoa in Ascaris mystax, 1855, 
138. 

on the brain of the Troglodytes niger, 

1855, 139. 

, contributions to the history of fecun- 
dation in different animals, 1855, 139. 

Thomson (Dr. A. T.) on the poisonous pro- 
perties of the salts of lead, 1831-32, 604. 

on the medicinal and poisonous pro- 
perties of the iodides, 1838, 123. 

on a pustular disease undescribed by 

writers on diseases of the skin, 1841, 77. 

* on the influence of the endermic ap- 
plication of the salts of morphia in pain- 
ful permanent swelling of the joints, 1844, 
86. 

Thomson (C), tables to simplify the method 
of finding the time by observing circum- 
polar stars in the same vertical, 1857, 
25. 

Thomson (Dr. D. P.) on an extraordinary 
mirage, 1847, 39. 

^Thomson (James) on Wigston's self-acting 
railway signals, 1842, 1 14. 

Thomson (Prof. J.) on an improved modifi- 
cation of the ink-reservoir in gold pens, 
1851, 118. 

on a jet-pump, or apparatus for draw- 
ing up water, 1852, 130. 

on some properties of whirling fluids, 

with their application in improving the 
action of blowing fans, centrifugal pumps, 
and certain kinds of turbines, 1852, 130. 

on an experimental apparatus con- 
structed to determine the efficiency of the 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



191 



jet-pump, and a series of results obtained, 

1853, 130. 
Thomson (Prof. J.) on certain curious mo- 
tions observable on the surfaces of wine 

and other alcoholic liquors, 1855, 1 6. 
■ on the friction break dynamometer, 

1855, 209. 
on a centrifugal pump and windmill 

erected for drainage and irrigation in 

Jamaica, 1855, 210. 
on an india-rubber valre for drainage 

of low lands into tidal outfalls, 1855, 

210. 
* on the measurement of running water 

by weir-boards, 1855, 211. 
on the grand currents of atmospheric 

circulation, 1857, 38. 
— — on the plasticity of ice, 1857, 39. 
. on recent theories and experiments on 

ice at its melting-point, 1859, 23. 
Thomson (Dr. E. D.) on the chemistry of 

the digestive organs, 1836, 117. 

on Mr. Farr's law of recovery and 

mortality in cholera, 1838, 126. 

on nitrate of silver as a caustic and 

therapeutic agent, 1838, 132. 

on the existence of free muriatic acid 

in the stomach during digestion, 1839, 58. 

on alkaline indigestion, 1839, 107. 

on the tests for sulphuric acid when 

thrown on the person, 1840, 84. 

on opacity of the cornea produced by 

sulphuric acid, 1840, 164. 

on the production of hydrocyanic acid 

for medical use, 1841, 54. 

on the composition of crystallized dia- 
betic sugar, 1841, 54. 

on an important chemical law in the 

nutrition of animals, 1846, 41. 

on the condition of the atmosphere 

during cholera, 1855, 71. 

Thomson (Prof. T.) on the combinations of 
sulphuric acid and water, 1836, 56. 

on the specific heats of nitric acid and 

alcohol, 1837, 43. 

on the foreign substances in iron, 

1838,41. 

on the sugar in urine of diabetes, 1838, 

on native diarseniate of lead, 1838, 46. 

on galactin, 1838, 46. 

on emulsin, 1838, 48. 

on chemical manufactures carried on 

in and near G-lasgow, 1840, 58. 

on the minerals in the neighbourhood 

of G-lasgow, 1840, 64. 

Thomson (Dr. T.) on the botanical geogra- 
phy of western Thibet, 1851, 73. 

, notice of two living specimens of the 

lepidosiren from Macartney Island, 1841, 
72. 

^Thomson (Dr. T. E. H.) on some abori- 
ginal tribes of New Holland, 1851, 95. 

Thomson (Dr. W.) on the infiltration of the 
lungs with black matter, and on black 
expectoration, 1834, 683. 



Thomson (W.) on the dentition of the 
British pulmoniferous moUusca, 1850, 
126. 

Thomson (Prof. W.) on the elementary laws 
of statical electricity, 1845, 1 1. 

on electrical images, 1847, 6. 

on the electric currents by which the 

phenomena of terrestrial magnetism may 
be produced, 1847, 38. 

on the equilibrium of magnetic or dia- 

magnetic bodies of any form, under the 
influence of the terrestrial magnetic force, 
1848, 8. 

on the theory of electro-magnetic in- 
duction, 1848, 9. 

on the theory of magnetic induction 

in crystalline substances, 1850, 23. 

* on the thermal effects of air rushing 

through small apertures, 1852, 16. 

on the sources of heat generated by 

the galvanic battery, 1852, 16. 

on the mutual attraction between two 

electrified spherical conductors, 1852, 17. 

on certain magnetic curves, with ap- 
plications to problems in the theories of 
heat, electricity, and fluid motion, 1852, 
i8. 

on the equilibrium of elongated masses 

of ferromagnetic substance in uniform 
and varied fields of force, 1852, 18. 

, experimental researches in thermo- 
electricity, 1854, 13. 

on mechanical antecedents of motion, 

heat, and light, 1854, 59. 

on the effects of mechanical strain on 

the thermo-electric qualities of metals, 
1855, 17. 

on the use of observations of terrestrial 

temperature for the investigation of abso- 
lute dates in geology, 1855, 18. 

on the electric qualities of magnetized 

iron, 1855, 19. 

on the thermo-electric position of alu- 
minium, 1855, 20. 

on peristaltic induction of electric 

currents in submarine telegraph wires, 
1855, 21. 

on new instruments for measuring 

electrical potentials and capacities, 1855, 
22. 

on Dellman's method of observing at- 
mospheric electricity, 1856, 17. 

on Mr. Whitehouse's relay and induc- 
tion coils in action on short circuit, 1857, 
21. 

on the effects of induction in long 

submarine Knes of telegraph, 1857, 21. 

* on machinery for laying submarine 

telegraph cables, 1857, 199. 

on electrical " frequency," 1859, 26. 

on the discharge of a coiled electric 

cable, 1869, 26. 

■ on the necessity for incessant record- 
ing, and for simultaneous observations in 
different localities, to investigate atmo- 
spheric electricity, 1859, 27. 



192 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



Thomson (Prof. W.) on the reduction of 
periodical variations of underground tem- 
perature, with applications to the Edin- 
burgh observations, 1859, 54. 

— — on atmospheric electricity, 1860, 53. 

Thomson (Prof. Wyville T. C.) on the ap- 
plication of photography to the compound 
microscope, 1850, 126. 

on the character of the Sertularian 

zoophytes, 1852, 78. 

on some Ayrshire fossils, 1853, 61. 

* on the fauna of the lower Silurians 

of the south of Scotland, 1855, 99. 

* on the reproductive zooids of Coma- 
tula rosacea, 1857, 108. 

*Thornton (E.), ascent ofOrizaba in Mexico, 
1851, 98. 

*TnoRNTON (J.) on the friction of discs in 
water, and on the experiments to be made 
on centrifugal pumps, 1854, 163. 

TnosT (C. G-.) on the rocks and minerals in 
the property of the Marquis of Breadal- 
bane, 1859, 125. 

*TiiRELKELD (Rcv. J.) ou the condition of 
the natives of Australia, 1857, 1 54. 

*Thudicuum (Dr.) on thiotherine, 1860, 
72. 

on the physiological relations of the 

colouring matter of the bile, 1860, 147. 

*TnuRNAM (Dr.) on the scientific cranio- 
scopy of Prof. Carus, 1844, 86. 

on the relative liability of the two 

sexes to insanity, 1844, 92. 

on the liabihty to insanity at different 

ages, 1845, 87. 

, notice of a case of spina bifida, 1845, 

86. 

TnuRNELL (G-.) on a mode of constructing 
the rectangular hyperbola by points, 
1858, 5. 

Thwaites (G. H. K.) on conjugation in the 
Diatomaceae, 1847, 87. 

on an apparently undescribed state of 

the Palmelleoe, with observations on 
gemmation in the lower tribes of plants, 
1848, 87. 

*TicKELL (Capt.) on surveys in Arracan, 
1853, 92. 

TiLLEY (Prof. T.) on a peculiar condition 
of zinc, 1844, 35. 

on the oil of assafoetida, 1845, 33. 

Tilt (Dr. E. J.) on the causes which ad- 
vance or retard the appearance of first 
menstruation in woman, with a synop- 
tical table showing the mean age of first 
menstruation in hot, temperate, and cold 
climates, 1850, 135. 

on ascertaining the number and condi- 
tion of the infantile idiots in the United 
Kingdom, 1851, 109. 

TooRN (A. Van der), table of the propor- 
tions of anhydrous acid in acetic acid of 
every degree of concentration, compared 
with the specific gravities, 1834, 571. 

*Topp (A.) on models of fire-escapes, boat- 
lowering apparatus, &c., 1855, 244. 



ToRBOCK (E.) on uterine haemorrhage and 
mode of arresting it, 1838, 133. 

Towler (Q-. V.) on the cause of magnetism, 
1846, 33 ; 1859, 28. 

Town SEND (Mr.), notes on the Australians, 

1851, 95. 

TowNSEND (R. W.) on the miuerals of Cork, 
1843, 38. 

on an instrument for exhibiting the 

colours of liquids by transmitted light, 

1852, 20. 

on refracted lines of cleavage seen in 

the slate-rocks of Ballyrizora in the co. 
of Cork, 1853, 61. 

TowsoN (J. T.) on the inefficiency of the 
aids of science in connexion with the 
compasses of iron ships, 1854, 55. 

* on modifications of great-circle sail- 
ing, 1854, 126. 

* on the means proposed by the Liver- 
pool Compass Committee for carrying out 
investigations relative to the laws which 
govern the deviation of the compass, 1855, 
22. 

on changes of deviation of the com- 
pass on board iron ships by "heeling," 
with experiments on board the City o£ 
Baltimore, Aphrodite, Simla, and Slieve 
Donard, 1859, 28. 

Traill (Dr. J. S.) on the laryngeal sac of 
the reindeer, 1834, 623. 

on the geological structure of the 

Orkney Islands, 1834, 644. 

on the geology of Spain, 1835, 61 ; 

1837, 70. 

on the aurora borealis, 1836, 32. 

* , notice of fossil fishes from the Caith- 
ness schist of Pomona (Orkneys) and 
from Clashbennie, 1836, 95. 

on an antimonial compound applicable 

as a pigment, 1837, 58. 

, notice of Argas Persicus, a species of 

bug, 1837, 98. 

Traill (Dr. W. S.), experiments on the 
intensity of terrestrial magnetism at 
Liverpool and Manchester, 1831-32, 

559- 

Train (G. F.) on street railways as used in 
the United States, 1860, 215. 

Trevelyan (W. C.) on the phacnogamous 
plants of the Faroe Islands, 1834, 598. 

— — on an undescribed fossil wood (Penuce 
Ferroensis) from Faroe, 1834, 666. 

* exhibited a living specimen of the 

Coluber natrix of Italian authors, also 
Polyodon folium of North America, a 
collection of Neapolitan insects, and an 
Urtica gathered in the island of Elba, 

1838, 116. 

on the discovery of guano in the 

Faroe Islands, 1845, 64. 

Trimmer (J.) on diluvial drift containing 
shells and remains of animals in Cefn 
Cave, 1838, 86. 

Tripe (Dr.) on some specimens of Pontia, 
1841, 72. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



193 



Tristram (Rev. H. B.) on the geological 
system of the central Sahara of Algeria, 
1860, I02. 

Trollope (Rev. E.) on the fens and sub- 
marine forests of Lincolnshire and other 
locaHties, 1858, 113. 

Troyon (M.) on the lacustrine homes of the 
ancient Swiss, 1858, 1 54. 

*Tryfe (Dr.) on preparations obtained from 
the decomposition of Cannel coal and the 
Torbane Hill coal, 1855, 99. 

TuRNBULL (Dr. J.) on the physiological 
properties of some of the compounds of 
the organic radicals — methyle, ethylo, and 
amyle, 1854, 76. 

Turner (J, A.) on a new species of Golia- 
thus and some Lucani from the coast of 
Africa, 1838, 113. 

^Turner (Mr.), notice of fossil fish from 
Antigua, 1845, 56. 

Turner (Dr. E.) on atomic weights, 1831- 
32, 576 ; 1833, 399. 

TuTSCHBK (Dr. L.) on the researches of the 
late C. Tutschek into the G-alla, Tumali, 
and other African languages, 1847, 126. 

on a vocabulary of the Fazoglo lan- 
guage, 1847, 126. 

on the Tumali language, 1848, 100. 

on the Fazoglo language, 1848, 100. 

TwAMLEY (C.) on a singular fault in the 
southern termination of the Warwickshire 
coal-field, 1853, 62. 

Tweedy (Mr.), notice of nearly pure bis- 
muth found in a mine near Truro, 1841, 
52. 

Twining (H. R.) on teaching perspective by 
models, 1849, 33. 

on some of the appearances which are 

peculiar to sunbeams, 1851, 35. 

-— — on an instrument for drawing, 1852, 

* on some peculiarities of granite in 

certain points of the Pyrenees, 1852, 62. 

on a method of teaching perspective, 

1856, 9. 

on the angular measurement of the 

picture in painting, 1859, 64. 

Twining (Miss) on the comparison of the 
flora of Britain with that of other coun- 
tries, 1847, 87. 

Twining (Dr. W.) on cretinism, 1845, 79. 

on the Nekrasowzers of Bessarabia, 

1846, 115. 

■ ^ on the Buriats and Tungusians, 1847, 

127. 

* on the Aleutian islanders, 1847, 127. 

**^Tyndall (Prof. J.) on the magneto -optical 

properties of crystals, 1850, 23. 
on diamagnetism and magnecrystallic 

action, 1851, 15. 
, experiment in thermo-electricity with 

the monothermic pile invented by Prof. 

Magnus of Berlin, 1851, 18. 
on air-bubbles formed in water, 1851. 

26. 
— ■ — on molecular action, 1852, 20. 



Tyndall (Prof. J.) on Ppisson's theoretic 
anticipation of magnecrystallic action, 
1852, 20. 

on the diamagnetic force, 1854, 14. 

on some peculiarities of the magnetic 

field, 1854, 16. 

on the demonstration of the polarity 

of diamagnetic bodies, 1855, 22. 

on an ascent of Mont Blanc, 1858, 39. 

on the establishment of thermometric 

stations on Mont Blanc, 1859, 56. 

Ulrich (J. Gr.) on improvements in chrono- 
meters, and on applying very fine wire 
of gold or platinum for astronomical or 
other purposes, 1847, 42. 

Ure (A.) on the operation for squinting, 
1840, 163. 

Ure (Dr.) on the thermostat, or heat-go- 
vernor, 1833, 419. 

on photometry, 1839, 7. 

on a new calorimeter, 1839, 20. 

on the fluency or viscidity of liquids, 

at the same and different temperatures, 
1839, 22. 

, experiments on fermentation, 1839, 

59. 

* on the evaporative calorific powerS of 

fuel, 1839, 132. 

*TJre (J. F.) on the navigation of the 
Clyde, 1855, 211. 

TJrquhart (Mr.) on the plague in Con- 
stantinople, 1837, 139. 

Valentine (J.) on illegitimacy in Aberdeen 
and the other large towns of Scotland, 
1859, 224. 

• on the statistics, chiefly vital and eco- 
nomic, of Aberdeen, 1859, 226. 

Vallini (Dr.) on a skeleton of Mastodon 
angustidens found near Montopoli, 1852, 
62. 

^Valmerino (Count du) on gas-lighfing, 
1839, 65. 

Valpy (R.) on the trade and navigation of 
Norway, 1845, 87. 

on the mines and mining industry of 

Belgium, 1846, 100. 

on the resources of the Irish Sea 

fisheries, 1847, no. 

, progress and direction of British ex- 
ports, and the influence thereon of free 
trade and gold, 1854, 145. 

, effect of the war in Russia and Eng- 
land upon the principal articles of Russian 
produce, 1855, 195. 

* , review of the operations in the Bank 

of England, 1858, 201. 

on the British trade with India, 1859, 

227. 

Van DALE UR (Mr.), results of a scheme for 
improving the condition of labourers, 
tried at Ralahine, co. Clare, Ireland, 
1847, 98. 

Van der Hoeven (Prof.) on the structure 
of Nautilus pompilius, 1847, 77. 



194 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Van der Hoeven (Prof.) on the genus Pero- 
dicticus of Bennett, and its relation to 
Stenops, 1850, 125. 

on the anatomy of Stenops Potto, 1860, 

134. 

on the Teredo nayalis, 1860, 136. 

*Van de Velde (Chevalier), explorations in 
Syria and Palestine, 1852, 1 14. 

*Vandey (Consul) on the Upper Nile, 1852, 
114. 

Varley and Clarke (Messrs.) on the elastic 
malleable iron tube, as a means of deve- 
loping the principle of atmospheric pro- 
pulsion on railways, 1847, 132. 

Varley (C.) on a graphic telescope, 1853, 
10. 

on natural occurrences that impair the 

vision of good telescopes, 1854, 48. 

Varley (C. F.) on improvements in sub- 
marine and subterranean telegraph com- 
mimications, 1854, 17. 

on some of the methods adopted for 

ascertaining the locality and nature of 
defects in telegraphic conductors, 1859, 
252. 

Varrentrapp (Dr.) on determining the 
amount of nitrogen in organic bodies, 
1841, 53. 

and Prof. Redtenbacher on the con- 
stitution and products of the distillation 
of fat bodies, 1840, 76. 

Vaughan (D.) on meteoric astronomy, 1854, 
z6. 

, secular variations in lunar and ter- 
restrial motion from the influence of tidal 
action, 1857, 40. 

• on the light of suns,, meteors, and 

temporary stars, 1857, 42. 

on the effects of the earth's rotation 

on atmospheric movements, 1859, 41. 

on the growth of trees in continental 

and insular climates, 1859, 140. 

Velasquez de Leon (Lt.-Col.) on the go- 
vernment-map of Mexico, 1838, 98. 

Verdet (M.) on the dispersion of the planes 
of polarization of the coloured rays pro- 
duced by the action of magnetism, 1860, 

54- 

Vericour (M. Raymond de), ethnological 
outlines of France, 1847, 127. 

Verloren (Dr.) on the effect of temperature 
and periodicity on the development of 
certain Lepidoptera, 1860, 123. 

Verneuil (E, de). Sir R. I. Murchison on 
the geological structure of Spain, to ex- 
plain an outline general map of the Pe- 
ninsula by, 1850, 108. 

* on the geological structure of Spain, 

1852, 62. 

Verschoyle (Archdeacon) on the trap dykes 
of Mayo and Sligo, 1835, 59. 

Versmann (F.) on the comparative value of 
certain salts for rendering fibrous sub- 
stances non-inflammable, 1859, 86. 

VicARY (Major) on the geolo^ of a portion 

of the Himalaya mountains, 1852, 62. 



V1GNOLE8 (Archdeacon) on bog timber, 1835, 
76. 

*ViGNOLES (C.) on the construction of rail- 
roads, 1835, 108. 

* on percussion boring of tunnels, 1839, 

on the economy of railways in respect 

of gradients, 1840, 193. 

on timber bridges, in special reference 

to railways, 1840, 195. 

, abstract of a lecture upon the atmo- 
spheric railway, 1842, 100. 

on straight axles for locomotives, 1842, 

104. 

on the best form of rails and the upper 

works of railways generally, 1842, 106. 

on the use of b^ton and concrete in 

constructing breakwaters, 1842, 112. 

, notice of M. Bergeron's method of 

instantaneously casting loose the locomo- 
tive engine, 1842, 1 14. 

Vivian (E.) on the phenomena of Kent's 
Cavern, 1847, 73. 

on printing photographs, with sugges- 
tions for introducing clouds and artistic 
effects, 1856, 18. 

on the climate of Torquay and South 

Devon, 1856, 48. 

, researches in Kent's Cavern, Torquay, 

with the original MS. memoir of its first 
opening, 1856, 78. 

on the earliest traces of human remains 

in Kent's Cavern, 1856, 119. 

, results of his new self -registering hy- 
grometers, 1860, 55. 

VoELCKER (Dr. A.) on the composition of 
the ash of Armeria maritima, grown in 
different localities, and remarks on the 
geographical distribution of that plant, 
and the presence of fluorine in plants, 

1849, 43. 

on the proportion of phosphoric acid 

in some natural waters, 1850, 63. 

on the percentage of nitrogen as an 

index to the nutritive value of food, 1850, 
64. 

on the effects of salt on vegetation, 

1850, 114. 

on caseine, and a method of deter- 
mining sulphur and phosphorus in or- 
ganic compounds in one operation, 1855, 

73- 

* on the composition of American 

phosphate of lime, 1856, 58. 

* on the corrosive action of smoke on 

building-stones, 1856, 58. 

* on basic phosphates of lime, 1856, 

58. 

on the composition of Norwegian apa- 
tite, .1857, 59. 

r- on the proportion of organic phos- 
phorus in legumine, 1857, 60. 

— — on the methods of analysing the su- 
perphosphates, 1857, 60. 

on the constitution of the mineral 

portion of bones, and the analysis' of 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



195 



common bono-asli, animal charcoal, &c., 
1858, 68. 
^VoELCKER (Dr. A.) on combinations of 
earthy phosphates with alkalies, 1859, 



on poisonous metals in cheese, 1860, 



73- 



VoGEL (Dr.), description of the Ajuh, a 
kind of whale, found in the river Benue 
(Central Africa), 1856, 98. 

Wailes (Mr.) exhibited the two sexes of 
the Psalidognathus Friendii, 1838, 

"3- 

Walenn (W. H.) on a form of galvanic bat- 
tery, 1849, 45. 

on M. Pulvermacher's patent port- 
able hydro-electric chain battery, 1851, 

Walker (C. V.) on the voltaic reduction of 

alloys, 1845, 30. 
■ on telegraphic time signals, 1852, 

13'- 

on graphite batteries, 1852, 132. 

^Walker (H.) on the results of free trade, 

1858, 201. 
Walker (J.) on the muscles and nerves of 

the eyeball, 1836, 121. 
Walker (J. J.) on the iris seen on the sur- 
face of water, 1859, 29. 
*Walker (Rev. Prof.), report of anerao- 

metrical .observations at Oxford during 

two years, 1847, 46. 
on the pendulum experiment of Fou- 

cault, 1851, 19. 
Walker (W.) on the geological changes 

produced by the Saxicava rugosa in Ply- 
mouth Sound, 1841, 66. 

on oceanic waves, 1842, 21. 

^Wallace (Mr.) on an inosculation in two 

trees, 1838, 120. 
* Wallace (Mr.) on a smoke-protector, 

1840, 208. 
on extinguishing fire in steam-vessels, 

1840, 194. 
Wallace (Clay), Sir D. Brewster on some 

preparations of the eye by, 1838, 14. 
Wallace (Dr. W.) on the properties of 

the catenary and curves of equilibration, 

1840, 190. 
^ on the carbonates of alumina, chromic 

oxide, and ferric oxide, 1858, 69. 
on chloro-arsenious acid and some of 

its compounds, 1858, 69. 

on the equivalent of bromine, 1859, 

88. 

on improvements in the manufacture 

of kelp, 1859, 88. 
* on the causes of fire in Tm-key-red 

stoves, 1860, 73. 
Waller (Dr. A.) on impaired vision in 

which objects appear much smaller than 

natural, 1848, 82. 

on the luminous spectra excited by 

pressure on the retina, and their applica- 
tion to the diagnosis of the affections of 



the retina and its appendages, 1848, 
82. 

Waller (Dr. A.), microscopic observations 
on the movement of the human blood in 
the capillaries, and on the structure of 
the nerves in the glands at the inferior 
surface of the tongue, 1848, 83. 

, experimental researches on the eye, 

1856, ICO. 

Walmsley (Mr.) on the state of crime in 
Liverpool, 1837, 139. 

* Walsh (Mr.) on a mode of solving cubic 
equations, 1840, 55. 

Walsh (Prof. R. H.) on the condition of 
the labouring population of Jamaica, as 
connected with the present state of landed 
property in that district, 1855, 197. 

, the price of silver of late years does 

not afford an accurate measure of the 
value of gold, 1855, 198. 

, a deduction from the statistics of 

crime, 1856, 159. 

on the export of silver to the East, 

1856, 161. 

on equitable villages in America, 1857, 

170. 

Waltershausen (Baron von) on the phy- 
sico-geographical description of Mount 
Etna, 1845, 59. 

Ward (Capt.) on the application of the 
volt|iic battery to the ignition of gun- 
powder, 1854, 18. 

Ward (C.) on a flute of a new construction, 
1843, 23. 

Ward (N. B.) on vivaria, 1855, 117. 

on suburban gardens, 1858, 117. 

on some practical results derivable 

from the study of botany, 1858, 118. 

on aquaria, 1858, 132. 

Ward (Dr. O.) on the footprints and rip- 
ple-marks of the new red sandstone of 
Grinshill Hill, Shropshire, 1839, 75. 

Ward (W. Sykes) on crystallization under 
extreme pressure, 1847, 60. 

on a new galvanometer, 1847, 60. 

on an apparatus for giving light under 

water in diving operations, 1847, 132. 

* on the electromotive force, dynamic 

effect and resistance of various voltaic 
combinations, 1848, 62. 

on motions exhibited by metals under 

the influence of magnetic and diamagnetic 
forces, 1849, 46, 

on a theory of induced electric cur- 
rents, suggested by diamagnetic pheno- 
mena, 1849, 46. 

on the comparative cost of work- 
ing various voltaic arrangements, 1849, 

47- 
on a method of supplying the boilers 

of steam-engines with water, 1849, 132. 
on a gas stove, 1850, 191. 

on the production of cold by mecha- 
nical means, 1852, 131. 

on an electric semaphore for use on 

railways, 1853, 131. 

o2 



196 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Ward (W. Sykes) on albuminized collo- 
dion, 1856, 58. 

on the preservation of albuminized 

collodion plates, 1857, 61. 

* on dry-collodion processes, 1858, 71. 

Wakington (E.) on guano, 1844, 32. 

on preserving the balance between ve- 
' ' 3 and animal organisms in sea- 
water, 1853, 72. 

on the production of boracic acid and 

ammonia by volcanic action, 1854, 76. 

* on the effect of coloured media on 

the growth of red Algje, 1854, 77. 

• on the influence of coloured glass on 

the growth of plants in sea- water, 1854, 
103. 

, observations made in small aquaria, 

in which the balance between the animal 
and vegetable organisms was permanently 
maintained, 1854, 115. 

on the habits of the stickleback, and 

on the effects of an excess or want of 
heat and light on the marine aquarium, 
1855, 117. 

on the source of ammonia in volcanic 

emanation, 1858, 71. 

on the multiplication of ActinisB in 

aquaria, 1858, 133. 

on some additions to his portable 

microscope, 1858, 143. 

Warren (Dr.) on some crania four^ in the 
ancient mounds in North America, 1837, 
108. 

Wartmann (Prof. E.) on Daltonism, 1841, 
40. 

on some meteorological phenomena, 

1846, II. 

, experiments on electro-magnetism, 

1846, 27. 

on some physical properties of the 

solid and liquid constituent parts of plants, 
1851, 19. 

Warwick (Dr.) on a powerful temporary 
magnet, 1831-32, 85. 

Washington (Capt.), account of a Man- 
dingo, native of Nyani-Maru, Western 
Africa, 1838, 97. 

on expeditions to the Antarctic seas, 

1838, 97. 

* , account of the various Government 

surveys in Europe, 1838, 98. 

Waterhouse (G. R.) on the classification 
of the Mammalia, 1843, 65. 

Wateriiouse (J.) on an instrument for 
maintaining a water-bath at constant tem- 
peratures, 1858, 71. 

Waterston (J. J.) on a general theory of 
gases, 1851, 6. 

on the gradient of density in saturated 

vapours, and its development as a phy- 
sical relation between bodies of definite 
chemical constitution, 1852, 2. 

on the density of saturated vapours 

and their liquids at the point of transition, 
1853, II. 

on a law of mutual dependence be- 



tween temperature and mechanical forc^, 
1853, II. 

Waterston (J. J.) on a metliod of com- 
puting the absolute volume of the ulti- 
mate particles of liquids, 1854, 63. 

Watson (B. L.) on telegi'aphic communica- 
tion on railways, 1837, 131. 

Watson (H. H.) on the use of Leslie's hy- 
grometer with a new scale, 1834, 569. 

on the quantity of carbonic acid in 

the atmosphere, 1834, 583. 

— — , experiments on the phosphate and 

pyrophosphate of soda, 1836, 48. 
Watson (Eev. J.) on the Helm wind of 

Crossfell, 1838, 33. 
^Watt (Mr.), magnetic instrument to take 

positions corresponding to the direction 

of the wind, 1838, 38. 
Watt (Mr.) on the vital statistics of Edin- 

bm'gh and Glasgow, 1840, 173. 
Watt (Dr. A.) on the iron trade in Scot- 
land, 1845, 90. 
Watts (J, K.), notice of aurora borealis, 

1851, 41. 

, notice of a snow-storm, 1851, 41. 
, account of a lunar rainbow, 1851, 

41. 
* , aurora; boreales observed at St. Ives, 

Huntingdonshire, 1852, 32 ; 1854, 47. 
' on the geology of St. Ives and its 

neighbourhood, 1852, 63. 

on parhelia observed td> St. Ives, 

1853, 33. 

Way (Prof. J. T.) on the analysis of the 
ashes of plants, 1845, 34. 

on the fairy-rings of pastures, 1846, 

43- 

^' on the inorganic constituents of root 

crops, 1847, 60. 

* Weathered (Hon. J.) on superheated 

steam, 1857, 199. 

on combined steam, 1858, 222. 

Webb (T. W.) on lunar volcanos, 1838, 

93- 
Webster (T.) on the new patent law, 1852, 
132. 

* Webster (W. H.) on the rise and fall of 

the barometer, 1851, 42. 

Wedgwood (H.) on the premises of geo- 
metry, 1845, 2. 

Weld (Eev. A.), results of ten years' me- 
teorological observations at Stonyhurst, 
1860, 56. 

Wells (T. S.) on a case of Purpura haj- 
morrhagica, 1845, 85. 

on the climate of the valley of the 

Nile, 1850, 45. 

Welsh (J.) on a sliding-rule for converting 
the observed readings of the horizontal 
and vertical force magnetometers into 
variations of magnetic dip and total force, 
1851, 20. 

, description of a sliding-rule for hy- 

grometrical calculations, 1851, 42. 

on the graduation of standard thermo- 
meters at the Kew observatory, 1853, 34. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



197 



Welsh (J.), description of a self-registering 
anemometer by E. Beckley, 1856, 38. 

, description of Stewart's thermometer 

for measuring fluctuations of temperature, 
1856, 47. 

, instructions for the graduation of 

boiling-point thermometers, intended for 
the measurement of heights, 1856, 49. 

*Wenham (F.) on the application of pho- 
tography to the delineation of micro- 
scopic objects, 1854, 116. 

Werne (F.) on the sources of the White 
Nile, 1848, 78. 

Werner (M.) and C. W. Siemens, outline 
of the principles and practice involved in 
dealing vrith the electrical conditions of 
submarine electric telegraphs, 1860, 32. 

on a mode of covering wires with 

india-rubber, 1860, 215. 

West (Dr.) on the geographical position of 
Cape Farewell, 1835, 66. 

on the formation of wood, 1835, 75. 

West (T.) on the occurrence of sclerotic 
plates in fishes, 1844, 63. 

West (Tuffen) on the epidermal cells of 
the petals of plants, 1858, 119. 

West (W.) on means of detecting gases 
present in air, 1836, 77. 

on the ventilation of tunnels, 1837, 

136, 

on some new salts of mercury, 1838, 72. 

, experiments on heating by steam, 

1844, 35. 

* on the mineral springs and other 

waters of Yorkshire, 1844, 105. 

' on the use of stating, with the results 

of analyses, the nature of the methods 
employed, 1846, 42. 

on the presence of nitrogen in mineral 

waters, 1849, 47. 

Westwood (J. O.) on an undescribed modi- 
fication of the respiratory organs of cer- 
tain Crustacea, 1831-32, 603. 

on the transformations of the Crusta- 
cea, 1834, 608. 

, remarks on entomology, 1845, 64. 

on certain blind species of insects, 

1847, 81. 

on mmnmy beetles, 1860, 123. 

on a lepidopterous parasite on the 

body of the Fulgora candelaria, 1860, 
124. 

Wetterstedt (Baron C.) on the preserva- 
tion of metals and metallic combinations 
from oxidation, decomposition, and injury 
from marine deposits and incrustations, 
1847, 60. 

Wharton (W. L.) on a barometer with an 
enlarged scale, 1833, 414. 

on a steam-engine for pumping water, 

1833, 421. 

, statistical tables of the engines, venti- 
lation, screens, sales, pitmen, &c., and the 
strata of nine collieries in Durham, 1838, 
169. 

* , report for leaking inquiries into the 



statistics of the mining districts of North- 
umberland, Durham, and Yorkshire, 
1839, 120. 
Whately (Archbishop), introductory ad- 
dress to the Statistical Section, 1857, 

154- 
Wheatstone (Prof.) on Dr. Purkinje's ex- 
periment on the eye, 1831-32, 551. 

on an experimental proof of Ber- 

noulH's theory of wind instruments, 
1831-32, 559. 

on the acoustical figures of vibrating 

surfaces, 1831-32, 558. 
• on the prismatic decomposition of 

electrical light, 1835, 11. 
on the imitation of the human speech, 

1835, 14. 

on binocular vision, and the stereo- 
scope, 1838, 16. 

on a new meteorological instrument, 

1842, 9. 

on a singular effect of the juxtaposition 

of certain colours under particvdar cir- 
cumstances, 1844, 10. 

on a means of determining the appa- 
rent solar time by the dim-nal changes of 
the plane of polarization at the north 
pole of the sky, 1848, 10. 

on Prof. Quetelet's investigations re- 
lating to the electricity of the atmosphere, 
1849, II. 

Wherland (Dr.) on a rare case of mid- 
wifery, 1843, 84. 

WiiEWELL (Rev, Dr. W.), suggestions re- 
specting Sir J. Ilerschel's remarks on the 
theory of the absorption of light by 
coloured media, 1834, 550. 

on the progress of observations of the 

tides, 1835, 6. 

on a new anemometer, 1835, 29 ; 

further account of, 1836, 39. 

— : — on the application of physical science 

to geology, 1835, 65. 

on the tides, 1836, 130 ; 1837, 4. 

on the principle of his anemometer, 

1837, 32. 
, report of Committee on the relative 

levels of land and sea, 1837, 59. 

on some tide-observations forwarded 

to him by the Eussian Admiral Liitke, 
1839, II. 

, observations on Capt. Fitz Eoy's views 

of the tides, 1839, 11. 

on Dr. WoUaston's argument respect- 
ing the infinite divisibility of matter, 
1839, 26. 

, Capt. Hewett's experimental trial on 

the rise and fall of the tide in the middle 
of the North Sea, in reference to Ms 
theory of tlie same, 1841, 32. 

on measuring the height of clouds, 

1846, 15. 

on our ignorance of the tides, 1851, 

27. 

^ , mathematical exposition of some 

doctrines of political economy, 1851, no. 



198 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Whbwell (Rev. Dr. W.) on Cache's tide 
observations, 1854, 28. 

* on the reasons for describing the 

moon's motion aa a motion about her 
axis, 1856, 31. 

, address as President of the Mathe- 
matical and Physical Section, 1858, i. 

Whincopp (Mr.), notice of a collection of 
bones and teeth of mammalia and iishes, 
&c., found in the Crag of Suffolk, pre- 
sented by, 1850, 192. 

WiiisiiAw (F.), method of exhibiting the 
results of a given geological survey, 1845, 
56. 

* on the chemical composition of gutta 

percha, 1848, 62. 

on the application of gutta percha to 

the arts and manufactures, 1848, 122. 

on the patent multitubular pipes and 

panergous joints, 1848, 123. 

on the "uniformity of time" and 

other telegraphs, 1848, 123. 

on the subaqueous rope for telegraphic 

and other purposes, 1848, 123. 

on the improved velocentimeter, 1848, 

124. 

on the telekouphonon, .or speaking 

telegraph, 1848, 125. 

on chain pipes for subaqueous tele- 
graphs, 1849, 132. 

on electro-telegraphic communication 

in England, Prussia, and America, 1849, 

133- 
Whitby (Mrs.) on the cultivation of the 

silkworm, 1844, 73. 
— — on the cultivation of silk in England, 

1846, 87. 

on the growth of silk in England, 

1849, 81. 

White (G.), notice of Starkey's system of 
filtration by sponge, 1843, 101. 

Whiteaves (J. F.) on the invertebrate 
fauna of the lower oolites of Oxfordshire, 
1860, 104. 

Whiteiiouse (Wildman), experimental ob- 
servations on an electric cable, 1855, 

23- 

on an instrument for determining the 

value of intermittent or alternating elec- 
tric currents for purposes of practical 
telegraphy, 1856, 19. 

on the law of the squares — ^is it ap- 
plicable or not to the transmission of 
signals in submarine circuits ?, 1856, 
21. 

* on the submarine telegfaph, 1858, 

* Whitney (Asa) on the best means of 
realizing a rapid intercourse between 
Europe and Asia, 1851, 95. 

on the formation of a railway from 

the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, through 
the British possessions of North America, 
1858, 154. 

Whitty (Prof.) on the Silurian anthracite 
of Cavan, 1854, 95. 



Whitworth (C. F.) on improvements in 

railway signals, 1858, 223. 
Wiiitwouth (J.) on producing true planes 

or surfaces on metals, 1840, 192. 
* , notice of a die-stock for cutting 

screws, 1841, 106. 
on an instrument for measuring bodies 

to a very minute degree of accuracy, 1844, 

27. 
* , new machine for ascertaining the 

diameter of metallic cylinders, 1844, 

98. 
Whytlaw (M.) on a new method of scutch- 
ing the New Zealand flax, 1852, 1 32. 
WiDDRiNGTON (Capt.) On tlic habits of the 

eel, and on the freshwater fish of Austria, 

1841, 71. 

on some species of European pines, 

1841, 76. 

on the arboreal vegetation of Spain, 

1847, 88. 

on the oaks to be found in the Italian 

peninsula, 1847, 89. 
* on a supposed new species of Felis, 

1854, 113. 
WiGGLESWORTH (Mr.) OH the mortality of 

children, 1846, 100. 
Wigiiam (J. B.) on the sandpipes in the 

chalk near Norwich, 1839, 65. 
Wilde (Mr.) on the preparation of fish, 

1839, 84. 
Wilde (W. A.), statistics of the deaf and 

dumb in Ireland, 1852, 121. 
* on the early bills of mortality at 

Dublin, 1852, 121. 
*WiLDE (W. E.) exhibited drawings of a 

Peruvian mummy, 1839, 82. 
Will (Dr.) on determining the amount of 

nitrogen in organic bodies, 1841, 53. 
on an improved method of ascertain- 
ing the commercial value of alkalies or 

carbonated alkalies, acids, and oxides of 

manganese, 1843, 37. 
WiLLCOx (C.) on the naturalization in 

England of the Mytilus crenatus, 1833, 

448. 
Williams (Mr.) on preventing the dangers 

of collision, and of fire in vessels, 1837, 

^Williams (Archdeacon) on the Gael, Bre- 
ton, and Cymry, 1848, 101. 

^Williams (C.) on the desirableness of ex- 
tending to the working classes the oppor- 
tunity of purchasing deferred annuities, 
as a provision for old age, 1848, 105. 

* on deferred annuities, 1857, 172. 

Williams (C. Greville) on some of the 
basic constituents of coal-naphtha, 1855, 

74- 

on the new maximum thermometer of 

Negretti and ^ambra, 1855, 24. 

Williams (Dr. C. J. B.) on the phenomena 
and products of a low form of combus- 
tion, 1834, 588. 

on an improved ear-trumpet, 1836, 36. 

on the construction and application 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



199 



of instruments used in auscultation, 1842, 

75- 
Williams (Dr. C. J. B.) on the therapeutic 

application of air- tight fabrics, 1842, 77. 
Williams (C. Wye) on the combustion of 

coal, and prevention of smoke in fur- 
naces, 1840, 199, 
* on the advantages and disadvantages 

of hot air in effecting the combustion of 

coal, 1842, 40. 
on testing the efficacy of the several 

plans for abating the nuisances from 

smoke, 1842, 108. 
Williams (Dr. D.) on Limax variegatus in 

the human intestines, 1837, 98. 

on two specimens of Tsenia, 1844, 85. 

Williams (Rev. D.) on some fossil plants 

from Devongliire and Pembrokeshire, 

1835, 63. 
on some fossil wood and plants dis- 
covered low down in the grauwacke of 

Devon, 1837, 94. 

< on the geological horizon of the rocks 

■ of South Devon and Cornwall, 1839, 68. 

on the older strata of Devonshire, 

1840, 103. 

on the stratified and unstratified vol- 
canic products in the neighbourhood of 
Plymouth, 1841, 61. 

■ on the stratified and unstratified vol- 
canic products of the West of England, 
1842, 54. 

on the discovery of the remains of 

fishes at the base of the mountain lime- 
stone in the vicinity of Bristol, 1842, 60. 

on the granite and other volcanic 

rocks of Lundy Island, 1843, 57. 

on the Exeter amygdaloid, 1844, 55. 

on the geology of Lundy Island, 1848, 

79- 

on an original broad sheet of granite, 

interstratified among slates with grit beds, 
between Falmouth and Truro, 1849, 68. 

* Williams (Rev. J,), a perfect specimen of 
Ichthyosaurus tenuirostris from the lias 
of Somersetshire exhibited by, 1831-32, 

587. 

Williams (J.) on the Trefibs pump, 1837, 
129. 

Williams (Rev. R.) on local and hereditary 
difference of complexion in Great Bri- 
tain, with notice of the Cimbri, 1845, 8i. 

■^Williams (R. P.) on an instrument for 
setting out curve lines, 1858, 223. 

Williams (Dr. T.) on the structure and 
functions of the branchial organs of the 
Annelida and Crustacea, 1848, 83. 

on the physical conditions regulating 

the vertical distribution of animals in 
the atmosphere and the sea, 1848, 83. 

on the structure of the branchiae and 

mechanism of breathing in the Pholades 
and other lamellibranchiate mollusks, 
1851, 82. 

— — on the mechanism of respiration in 
the family of Echinida?, 1856, loi. 



Williams (Dr. T.) on the fluid system of 
the Nematoid entozoa, 1856, loi. 

Williamson (Prof. A. W), results of a re- 
search on etherification, 1850, 65. 

on the constitution of salts, 1851, 54. 

Williamson (W. C.) on the coal-measures 
of West Lancashire, 1837, 81. 

on the origin of coal, 1842, 48. 

* — — on Polystomella crispa and the clas- 
sification of Foraminifera, 1848, 125. 

on the restoration of Zamites gigas 

from the lower sandstone and shale of 
the Yorkshire coast, 1854, 103. 

on the British species of Foraminifera, 

1854, 113. 

*Willich (C. M.) on a formula for ascer- 
taining the expectation of life, 1857, 172. 

on annuities on lives, 1857, 172. 

* on a mode of constructing tables of 

squares and cubes, 1858, 6. 

on the angles of dock-gates and the 

cells of bees, 1859, 10. 

Willis (Prof.) on the teeth of wheels, 1837, 

on the odontograph, 1838, 1 54. 

, notice of Mr. Hawthorn's method of 

working the valves of a locomotive en- 
gine, 1838, 160. 

*WiLSON (Mr.) on the population of Scot- 
land, 1840, 186. 

Wilson (Mr.) on lithotomy and lithotripsy, 
1842, 87. 

*WiLS0N (A. S.) on a system of moving 
bodies, 1859, 43. 

Wilson (Capt. F.) on a new wheelbarrow, 

1853, 132. 

*WiLS0N (Prof.) on the tribes between India 
and China, 1847, 127. 

Wilson (D.) on the evidence of the exist- 
ence of primitive races in Scotland prior 
to the Celtae, 1850, 142-146. 

*WiLSON (Dr. D.) on the supposed unity 
of the American race, 1857, 154. 

Wilson (D. H.) on the church- and chapel- 
room in All Saints' parish, Newcastle, 
1838, 166. 

Wilson (Prof.), description of De Colmar's 
arithmometer or calculating machine, 

1854, I. 

, description of Babinet's homalogra- 

phic maps, 1854, 2. 

Wilson (Dr. G-.), demonstration of the ex- 
istence of haloid salts in solution, 1839, 41. 

on the extent to which fluoride of cal- 
cium is soluble in water at 60° F., 1846, 
38 ; 1850, 68. 

• on the presence of fluorine in the 

waters of the Firth of Forth, the Firth of 
Clyde, and the German Ocean, 1849, 47. 

on the influence of sunhght over the 

action of the dry gases on organic colours, 
1850, 65. 

on the presence of fluorine in blood 

and milk, 1850, 67. 

, a few unpublished particulars con- 
cerning the late Dr. Black, 1850, 69. 



200 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Wilson (Dr. G.) on the artificial preparation 
of sea- water for marine vivaria, 1854, 77. 

on the processes for the detection of 

fluorine, 1857, 61. 

on the employment of the living elec- 
tric fishes as medical shock-machines, 
1857, 115. 

, notice of Mr. Napier's process of etch- 
ing glass in relief by hydrofluoric acid, 
1859, 88. 

on some of the stages which led to the 

invention of the modern air-pump, 1859, 
89. 

on the employment of the electrical 

eel, Gymnotus electricus, as a medical 
shock -machine, by the natives of Surinam, 
1859, 158. 

on the statistics of colour-blindness, 

1859, 228. 

Wilson (G. F.) on a process for obtaining 
and purifying glycerine, and on some of 
its applications, 1855, 75. 

Wilson (G. S.) on an Australian expedi- 
tion, 1854, 125. 

Wilson (J.) on the coleopterous insects of 
Sutherland, 1834, 615. 

on the salmon fry, 1840, 133. 

on some Persian insects, 1840, 136. 

Wilson (J. M.) on statistics of crime in 
Ireland, 1857, 171. 

Wilson (J. S.) on the physical geography 
of N.W. Australia, 1858, 155. 

on the general and gradual desiccation 

of the earth and atmosphere, 1858, 155. 

Wilson (T.), account of the Darton Col- 
lieries' Ckib, 1838, 173. 

WiTiiAM (H.) on fossil plants, 1831-32, 
78. 

on fossil vegetation, 1831-32, 583. 

With AM (H. T, M.) on rolled stones found 
in the coal seam of Cockfield Fell Colliery, 
1838, 79. 

Wollaston's (Dr.) argument respecting the 
infinite divisibility of matter. Rev. W. 
Whewell's remarks on, 1839, 26. 

WoLLEY (J.) on the birds of the Faroe is- 
lands, 1850, 127. 

on a fresh form of crystallization in 

the particles of fallen snow under intense 
cold, 1858, 40. 

* on the arrangement of small stones 

on certain bare levels in northern loca- 
lities, 1858, 224. 

Wood (Mr.) on Kosman's patent cistern as 
a sanitaiy machine, 1849, 1 34. 

*WooD (Dr.) on the economical uses of 
certain lichens growing in abundance 
about Cork, 1843, 79. 

Wood (Dr. A.) on the laws regulating the 
development of monstrosities, 1850, 138. 

Wood (E.) on the genus Woodocrinus, 
1857,76. 

*WooD (E. A.) on a mode of suspending, 
disconnecting, and hoisting boats attached 
to sailing ships and steamers at sea, 1859, 
.245. 



Wood (N.) on the red sandstone of the 
Tweed and Carlisle, 1838, 78. 

Wood (Searles V.) on the discovery of an 
alligator in the freshwater cliif at Hord- 
well, with extinct mammalia, 1844, 50. 

* on some tubular cavities in the coral- 
line crag at Sudbourne and Gedgrave in 
Suffolk, 1851, 70. 

on the probable maximum depth of 

the ocean, 1855, 99. 

*Wood (Dr. T.) on the combination of 
metals with oxygen, 1852, 40. 

*WooDALL (Capt.) on barometrical and 
thermometrical observations at Scar- 
borough, 1856, 49. 

on the evidence of a reef of lower lias 

rock, extending from Robin Hood's Bay 
to the neighbourhood of Flamborough 
Head, 1856, 80. 

* on the intermittent springs of the 

chalk and oolite of the neighbourhood of 
Scarborough, 1860, 108. 

*WooDHOusE (J.) on the mould for casting 
conical bullets, 1852, 132. 

Woods (Dr. T.) on the electrolysotype, a 
new photographic process, 1844, 36. 

on chemical combination ; and on the 

amount of heat produced by the combina- 
tion of several metals with oxygen, 1852, 

39- 

on the time required by compounds 

for decomposition, 1857, 61. 

WooLLCOMBE (H.) ou the statistics of Ply- 
mouth, Stonehouse, and Devonport, 1841, 
82. 

on the statistics of Plymouth, 1842, 98. 

WooLLGAR (J. W.) on the financial eco- 
nomy of savings' -banks, 1844, 92. 

WoRSLEY (P. J.) on a new process for 
making and melting steel, 1856, 59. 

Wrede's (Von) explanation of the absorp- 
tion of light, Prof Powell on, 1837, i6._ 

Wright (Dr. E. Percival), notes of a visit 
to Mitchelstown caves, 1857, 108. 

on Tomopteris onisciformis, 1860, 

124. 

^Wright (H.) on the use of the gramme in 
chemistry, 1856, 60. 

^Wright (T.) on the early ethnology of 
Britain, 1854, 130. 

on some remains of an early people in 

the south-eastern corner of Yorkshire, 

1854, 130. 

^ on the ethnology of England at the 

extinction of the Roman government in 
the island, 1855, 146. 

* on inscriptions in unknown characters 

on Roman pottery discovered in England, 

1855, 146. 

on the opening of a sepulchral tumu- 
lus in East Yorkshire, 1858, 156. 

* on the excavations on the site of the 

Roman city of Uriconium at Wroxeter, 
1860, 181. 

Wright (Dr. Thomas) on the occurrence of 
the upper lias ammonites in the (so-called) 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



201 



basement beds of theinferior oolite, 1856, 

80. 
Wright (Dr. Thomas) on the Avicula con- 

torta beds and lower lias in the south of 

England, 1860, 108. 
Wrightson (Dr. F.) on the sewerage of 

manufacturing towns, 1854, 77. 
Wrightson (F. C.) on the ashes of narcotic 

plants, 1845, 36. 
, analytical investigations of cast iron, 

1849, 49. 
*Wylde ( W. R.) on the topography of an- 
cient Tyre, 1839, 71. 
*Wyllie (J.) on some old red sandstone 

fossils, 1859, 126. 
Wylson (J.) on the scantlometer, 1844, 99. 
Wynne (A. B.) on the geology of the Galty 

mountains, Ireland, 1857, 93. 
on the tertiary clay and lignite of Bal- 

lymacadam, near Caher, co. Tipperary, 

1857, 94. 

Yarrbll (W.) on the reproduction of the 

eel, 1833, 446. 
on a new species of smelt (Osmerus 

Hebridicus), 1838, 108. 
Yates (J.) on fossil vegetables from the 

new red sandstone of Worcestershire, 

1837, 59. 

on the footsteps of extinct animals, 

observed in a quarry in Eathbone-street, 
Liverpool, 1840, 99. 

*■ , notice of specimens of Zamia gigas 

from Rimswick near Whitby, 1846, 62. 
on Stangeria paradoxa, 1854, 104. 

on a method of substituting francs 

and centimes for the present English 
metallic currency, 1854, 146. 

, notice of a fossil cone, probably from 

the greensand formation, and a stem of a 
fossil cycad, 1857, 95. 

on the application of the decimal 

scale in the construction of maps, 1857, 
172. 

on the use of prime numbers in 

English measures, weights, and coinage, 
1857, 174. 



Yates (J.), notice of cycadaceous plants 
grown in England, 1859, 142. 

Yates (J. B.) on the rapid changes which 
take place at the entrance of the river 
Mersey, 1839, 77. 

* on the estuary of the river Mersey, 

and the hazardous and uncertain ap- 
proaches to the port of Liverpool, 1854, 
126. 

Yeats (Dr. J.) on our national strength, 
as tested by the number, the ages, and 
the industrial qualifications of the people, 
1855, 199. 

*Yelloly (Dr.) on spade husbandrv in 
Norfolk, 1836, 150. 

— ^ — on spade husbandry, 1837, 139. 

on an improved acoustic instrument, 

1838, 129. 

Young (Mr.), notice of a work on the geo- 
logy of Nova Scotia by Dr. Gesner, 1837, 

75- 

Young (Rev. Dr.) on the antiquity of orga- 
nic remains, 1838, 95. 

*YouNG (Rev. N.), infected leaves of the 
potato from the neighbourhood of Oxford, 
1847, 89. 

Young (Prof.) on diverging infinite series, 
1844, I. 

on a principle in the theory of proba- 
bilities, 1844, I. 

on imaginary zeros, &c., 1845, i. 

on the principle of continuity in re- 
ference to certain results of analysis, 
1846, I. 

Young (R.) on the inhabitants of Lower 
Bengal, 1851, 95. 

Young (R.) on the Eskers of the central 
part of Ireland, 1852, 63. 

Zaglas (M.) on the morphology of the 
muscular system, 1850, 138. ^ 

Zander (M.) on the potato disease, 1846, 
89. 

^ZoRNLiN (Miss R.) on heat, and on the 
indestructibility of elementarv bodies, 
■ 1858, 6. 



SECTIONS. 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Abacus, chemical, Dr. D. B. Reid's notice 
of a, 1839, 65. 

Abdomen, Six D. J. H. Dickson on enor- 
mous hydropic distension of the, 1842, 
83. 

Abdominal viscera, Dr. R. M'Donnell on 
the valvular apparatus connected with the 
vascular sjstem of certain, 1857, 115. 

Abel's argument respecting equations of the 
fifth degree, Sir W. E.. Hamilton's ex- 
position of, 1837, I. 

Abies and Pinus, Capt. Cook on the genera, 
1838, 117. 

Abrothallus, Dr. W. L. Lindsay on the genus, 
1856, 88. 

Abscess of the lungs, Dr. Barnes on, 1838, 
134. 

, hepatic, Sir D. J. H. Dickson on cases 

of, 1841, 81. 

Absorption, Dr. Carson on, 1836, 119. 

, Dr. Handyside on the office of lacteals, 

lymphatics, and veins in the function of, 
1835, 92. 

of light by coloured media, Sir J. 

F. W. Herschel on, 1833, 373. 

Acalepha, notice of a new species of, named 
Apolemia Gettiana, 1843, 76. 

Acalephse, R. Patterson on the, 1840, 
142. 

, British, Prof. E. Forbes on the, 1846, 

84. 

, J. Price on the quasi-osseous system 

of the, 1846, 87. 

, Prof. J. H. Corbett on the, with 

respect to organs of circulation and respi- 
ration, 1856, 91. 

, hydrostatic, Prof. T. II. Huxley on 

the anatomy of the, 1851, 78. 

Acanthodes antiquus, new species, from the 
lower old red sandstone, 1859, 116. 

Mitchelli, a new species of ichthyolite, 

1860, 77. 

Acari, Prof. AUman on the structure of the 
larva of certain, 1847, 74- 

in mica. Sir D. Brewster on the exist- 
ence of, 1855, 9. 

Acarus that attacks grasses, J. Hardy on an, 
1850, 124. 

Accadian language, Rev. Dr. E. Hincks on 
the, 1860, 156. 

language. Rev. Dr. E. Hincks on the 



relation between the, and the Indo-Euro- 
pean, Semitic, and Egyptian languages, 
1857, 134. 

Acetates, J. Mercer on the solvent power of 
solutions of, 1844, 32. 

Acetic acid, table of the proportions of 
anhydrous acid in, by A. van der Toorn, 
1834, 571. 

acid, Prof. T. Thomson on its manu- 
facture at Glasgow, 1840, 62. 

and nitric acids, Dr. J. H. Gladstone 

on a method of analysis applicable to the 
quantitative estimation of, 1854, 68. 

Achatina turrita, 1837, 100. 

Achromatic combinations, double, A. Clau- 

det on a changing diaphragm for, 1859, 

62. 

microscope, A. Pritchard's, 1835, 

112. 

object-glasses, D. Dick on the con- 
struction of, 1834, 593. 

Achromatism of the eye. Rev. Prof. Powell 
on the, 1833, 374; 1834, 548. 

of a double object-glass. Prof. Stokes 

on the, 1855, 14. 

Acid, acetic, 1834, 571 ; 1840, 62 ; 1854, 
68. 

, anhydrous, table of the proportions 

of, in acetic acid, by A. van der Toorn, 
1834, 571. 

, arsenious, J. Stein on a method of 

separating arsenic acid from, 1850, 62. 

, arsenious and sulphuric. Dr. Schaf- 

haeutl on a new compound of, 1840, 69. 

, boracic, Mr. R. Warington on its pro- 
duction by volcanic action, 1854, 76. 

, butyro-limnodic, 1852, 35. 

, carbonic, its non-production by plants, 

1837, 58. 

-■ , carbonic, quantity of, in the atmo- 
sphere, 1834, 583. 

, carbonic, thrown off from the lungs, 

1840, 87. 

, carbonic, R, Addams on an apparatus 

for solidifying , 1838, 70. 

, carbonic, absorption of, by sulphuric 

acid, 1848, 61. 

, chloro-arsenious, and some of its 

compounds, 1858, 69. 

, chromic, pure, Dr. Dalzell on the 

economical preparation of, 1859, 68. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



203 



Acid, citric, tartaric, and oxalic, their action 
on cotton and flax fibres, 1854, 65. 

, cyanic, new form of, 1855, 64. 

, fat, Dr. Playfair on a new, 1840, 

76. 

, gallic, J. Horsley on the conversion 

of tannin into, 1856, 52. 

, gallic and tannic, their action on iron 

and alumina mordants, 1854, 65. 

, gambodic, Prof. Johnston on the resin 

of, 1838, 60. 

, gambogic, and the gambogiates. Dr. 

Scofiern on their use in artistic painting, 
1851, 51. 

, humic, 1840, 83. 

, hydrobromic and hydriodic. Dr. Glo- 

ver'sprocess for preparing, 1840, 75. 

■— — , hydrochloric and nitric, presence of 
lead in, 1854, 72. 

, hydrocyanic, A. Grages on its compa- 
rative action on albumen and caseine, 
1859, 162. 

, hydrocyanic, 1835, 45. 

, hydrocyanic, for medical use, pro- 
duction of, 1841, 54. 

, kakodylic. Prof. Bunsen on, 1842, 

35- 

, kakodylic, 1840, 77. 

, lampic, nature of, 1846, 40. 

, margaric, 1840, 76. 

, muriatic, 1835, 45. 

, nitric. Dr. Gr. Bird on the products 

obtained by the action of, on alcohol, 

1838, 55. 
, nitric, its action on naphtha, 1844, 

33- . . , ,, 
, nitric, its action on the chlorates, 

iodates, and bromates of potassa and soda, 

1840, 79. 

• , nitric, in rain-water, 1854, 70. 

, nitric, production of, 1846, 38. 

, nitric, method for the quantitative 

estimation of, 1858, 64. 
, nitric, process for the estimation of, 

1850, 62. 
, nitric and acetic, Dr. Gladstone on 

a method of analysis applicable to the 

quantitative estimation of, 1854, 68. 
. , nitric, and alcohol, specific heats of, 

1837, 43- 
— — , oxalic, action of, upon the dead tissues 

of the animal body, 1846, 41. 
, permanganic, Prof. Schonbein on a 

peculiar formation of, 1847, 57. 
, phosphoric, in rocks, indirect method 

of ascertaining the presence of, by Prof. 

Daubeny, 1855, 55. 
, phosphoric, in some natural waters. 

Dr. Voelcker on the proportion of, 1850, 

63. 

, spiroilous and saliculous, identity of, 

1840, 78. 

■ , sulpho-methylic, 1835, 42, 

■ , sulphuric, tests for, when thrown on 

the person, 1840, 84. 
, sulphuric, in the air and water 



of towns. Dr. E. A. Smith on, 1851, 

Acid, sulphuric, concentrated, J. S. Brazier 

on its action on cubebin in relation to the 

test for strychnine, 1859, 256. 
, sulphuric, and water, Dr. T. Thomson 

on the combinations of, 1836, 56. 
, sulphuric, and water, B. Stewart on 

certain laws observed in the mutual action 

of, 1855, 70. 
, sulphurous, its production from the 

combustion of coal, 1854, 75. 

, ulmic, 1840, 83. 

, uric, products of the decomposition 

of, 1837, 38. 
, uric, pre-existence of urea in, 1840, 

73- , . . 
■ , valerianic, supposed formation of, from 

indigo, 1844, 33. 
, Dr. Will on an improved method of 

ascertaining the commercial value of, 

1843, 37. 

of the series C" H" O*, Prof. Sullivan 

on the presence of several, among the pro- 
ducts of the distillation of peat, 1857, 58. 

, carbazotic, phvsiological properties 

of, 1854, 65. 

, fat. Prof. Eedtenbacher and Dr. Var- 

rentrapp on the constitution and pro- 
ducts of the distillation of, 1840, 76. 

Acidaspis, fossil, Silurian, J. W. Salter on, 
1852, 60 ; A. Jamesii, new species, 60. 

Acidulated waters, Eev. Dr. Buckland on 
tlieir action on the clialk near Gravesend, 
1839, 76. 

Aconite, E. E. Harvey on the mode of 
death by, 1860, 133. 

Acoustic instrument. Dr. Yelloly on an im- 
proved, 1838, 129. 

phenomenon, singular, 1857, 22. 

Acoustical figures of vibrating surfaces, 
1831-32, 558. 

Acrodus nobilis (an extinct genus). Prof. 
Owen on the teeth of, 1838, 138. 

Acteon viridis. Prof. Allman on the ana- 
tomy of, 1844, 65. 

Actinia clirysanthellum, Mr. C. W. Peach 
on, 1846, 86. 

equina, J. G. Dalyell on the propaga- 
tion of, 1834, 599. 

Actiniad£E, Prof. Forbes on a remarkable 
zoophyte of the family of, 1841, 72. 

Actiniai, T. P. Teale on the gemmiferous 
bodies and vermiform filaments of, 1838, 

113- 

in aquaria, E. Warington on the 

multiplication of, 1858, 133. 

Actinism, estimation of, E. J. Fowler on a 

process for the, 1858, 47. 
Actino-chemistry, contributions to, by E. 

Hunt, 1845, 29. 
, contributions to, by Sir J. F. W. 

Herschel, 1844, 12. 
Actinometer, Sir J. F. W. Herschel on the 

principle and construction of the, 1833, 
. 379- 



204 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Adansonia digitata of Western India, Dr. 

Buist on, 1859, 132. 
^gilops, Rev. Prof. Henslow on the Triti- 

coidal forms of, 1856, 87. 
, Major Munro on the transmutation 

of, into Triticum, 1852, 68. 
uEglina, fossil (Silurian), J. W. Salter on 

the genus, 1852, 60; jE. mirabilis, new 

species, 60. 
Aerial currents of the temperate zones, W. 

B. Birt on the probable causes of the, 

1837, 34. 
Aerolites, R. P. Greg on, 1854, 19. 
^ther, Sir D. Brewster on the dichroism 

of a solution of stramonium in, 1842, 

14. 
JEtherification, results of a research on, by 

Prof. A. W. Williamson, 1850, 65. 
African dress, notice of the adornment of 

an, 1854, 99. 
Agricultural and manufacturing industry, 

J. P. Hennessy on, 1857, 162. 
chemistry, in relation to the mineral 

theory of Baron Liebig, by J. B. Lawes 

and Dr. J. H. GHbert, 1851, 45. 
chemistry, J. B. Lawes and Dr. Gilbert 

on some points connected with, 1856, 

172. 

- College, Royal Cirencester, Prof. Buck- 
man's notes on experiments in the Bo- 
tanical Garden of the, 1856, 83. 

experiments at the Botanic Garden, 

Oxford, by Dr. Daubeny, 1847, 82. 

labourers. Rev. T. Drury on the im- 
provement of, 1844, 90. 

labourers in the county of Norfolk, 

Sir J. Boileau on the state of the, 1845, 
89. 

labourers of England and Wales, J. 

Locke on the education of the, 1855, 
171. 

labourers, H. J. Ker Porter on the 

best plan of cottage for, 1860, 194; H. 
Roberts on the domiciliary condition of 
the labouring classes, 196. 

machinery, W. Fairbairn on, 1858, 

203. 

products of Cornwall, Sif C. Lemon 

on the, 1841, 83. 

schools near East Bourne, 1844, 

statistics, current and cost price of 

corn in England during ten years (1843- 
1854) as illustrating the value of, by 
J. T. Danson, 1854, 1 34. 

statistics of the county of Aberdeen, 

A. Harvey on the, 1859, 210. 
statistics of Ireland, G. R. Porter on 

th3, 1849, 104. 
statistics, how collected in Ireland, by 

Mr. Donnelly, 1858, 176. 
Agriculture, analysis of three species of 

Fucus, by E. G. Schweitzer, 1845, 37, 

38. 

, Prof. J. T. Way on the ashes of plants, 

1845, 34. 



Agriculture, J. P. Norton on^the ashes of 

oats, 1845, 35. 
, F. C. Wrightson on the ashes of nar- 
cotic plants, 1845, 36. 
, W. Sharp on the ashes of wheat, 1845, 

36. 
, A. Milward on the Upton draining 

tool, 1849, 122. 
, B. Samuelson on improvements in 

macliines for tilling land, 1853, 121. 
, chloritic marl or phosphate of lime 

for manvu'e, 1848, 69. 

, Dr. Canter on Malacca guano, 1845, 39. 

, Sir James Murray on the choice of 

perennial rather than annual fertilizers, 

1857, 54. 
, J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H, Gilbert on 

the effects of different manures on the 

composition of the mixed herbage of 

meadow-land, 1859, 70. 
, Prof. Liebig on mineral manure, 1845, 

39- 

, W. C. Spooner on certain principles 

which obtain in the application of ma- 
nures, 1846, 44. 

, Dr. Daubeny on the importance of 

ascertaining the portions of matter from 
organic sources that may be in the surface 
soil, 1842, 37. 

, Dr. Voelcker on the proportion of 

phosphoric acid in some natural waters, 
1850, 63. 

, J. P. Norton on the composition of 

slate-rocks, and the soils formed from 
them, 1845, 38. 

, Rev. Dr. Buckland on the cause of 

the general presence of phosphorus in 
strata and in all fertile soils, on pseudo- 
coprolites, and the conversion of the con- 
tents of sewers and cesspools into manm*e, 
1849, 67. 

, J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gilbert on 

the annual yield of nitrogen per acre in 
different crops, 1858, 52. 

, Prof. Henslow on nodules from the 

red crag, London clay, and greensand, 
1845, 51. 

, Prof. Johnston on the causes, physical 

and chemical, of diversities of soils, 1853, 

43- 

, Dr. Daubeny on the rationale of cer- 
tain practices employed in, 1846, 42. 

, Dr. Daubeny on the chemical prin- 
ciples involved in the rotation of crops, 
1845, 33. 

, Earl Fitzwilliam on statistical reports 

regarding, 1834, 693. 

' , G. R. Porter on the systematic col- 
lection of the statistics of, 1839, 116. 

, J. Prideaux on the extent, causes and 

remedies -of fungi destructive in, 1846, 

44" 
, J. Clarke on the parasitic character of 

Rhinanthus crista-galli, 1848, 84. 
, Prof. Way on the fairy-rings of 

pastures, 1846, 43. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



205 



Agriculture, Rev. Dr. Thomson on meteo- 
rology in relation to, 1849, 33. 

, W. D. Cooley on a physico-geogra- 

phical survey of the British Islands, par- 
ticularly in relation to, 1846, 72. 

Ague and consumption. Dr. Grroshaus on 
the supposed antagonism between, 1847, 

94- 
Ainos (a Siberian race). Prof, von Midden- 

dorffonthe, 1846, 115. 
Air, atmospheric, Dr. Prout on, 1831-32, 

570-574. 
, on applymg atmospheric, to propul- 
sion, 1846, 113. 

, blasts of, Prof. J. Thomson on fans for 

causing, 1852, 130. 

, expired, on the determination of the 

carbonic acid contained in the, by Dr. E. 
Smith, 1858, 142. 
, Dr. Andrews on an apparatus for de- 
termining the quantity of hygrometric 
moisture in the, 1851, 29. 
, Dr. Cormack on its effects when in- 
jected into the veins, 1840, 157. 

, Dr. Reid on the amount required for 

respiration, 1838, 131. 

, horizontal motion of the, F. Osier on 

a portable self-registering anemometer for 
recording the direction and amount of, 
1858, 38. 
, Mr. Espy on an instrument to mea- 
sure the expansion of, 1840, 31. 

, Prof. Pliillips on the temperature of 

the, in York Minster, 1841, 29. 

of tropical climates. Prof. Eankine's 

remarks on Prof. Smyth's mechanical 
process for cooling the, 1852, 128. 

, Prof. Stokes on the resistance of, to 

pendulums, 1848, 7. 

, G-. Rush on the temperature of the 

upper regions of the, during balloon 
ascents, 1849, 30. 

and water of towns, Dr. R. A. Smith 

on sulphuric acid in the, 1851, 52. 
Air-bubbles formed in water, Prof. Tyndall 

on, 1851, 26. 
Air-engine, on the means of realizing the 
advantages of the, by Prof. Rankine, 
1854,159. 
Air-pump, new, 1855, 207. 
■ , modern, Prof. G. Wilson on the in- 
vention of the, 1859, 89. 

, improved form of, W. Ladd on an, 

1860, 65. 
Air-sirene, Prof. Donaldson's description of 

the, 1850, 176. 
Air-tight fabrics. Prof. Williams on the 

therapeutic application of, 1842, 77. 
Ajuh, a kind of whale, found by Dr. Vogel 
in the River Benue, Central Africa, de- 
scription of the, 1856, 98. 
Alarum for steam-boilers, J. Hopkinson on 

a safety, 1853, 119. 
Albanians, Dr. Latham on the distribution 

of the, politically, 1856, 145. 
Albatros, Prof. Retzius on the peculiar de- 



velopment of the Vermis cerebelli in the, 
1855, 133. 
Albinoism, Dr. T. Inman on a case of, in a 

black man, 1854, no. 
Albion mines. Nova Scotia, H. Poole on the 

meteorology of the, 1854, 35. 
Albumen, Prof. Hayden on the physiolo- 
gical relations of, 1857, no. 
and caseine, A. G-ages on the com- 
parative action of hydrocyanic acid on, 
1859, 162. 
Alcohol, A. Gages on the action of chloride 
of nitrogen on, 1857, 47. 

, Prof. A. W. Williamson on the setheri- 

fication of, 1850, 65. 

, Dr. W. Marcet on the action of, on 

the nervous system, 1859, 170. 

, Prof. Graham on the concentration 

of, in Sommering's experiments, 1854, 
69. 
, A. Connel on the voltaic decompo- 
sition of, 1840, 81. 

, Dr. G. Bird on the products obtained 

by the action of nitric acid on, 1838, 55. 

and nitric acid. Dr. T. Thomson on 

the specific heats of, 1837, 43. 
Alcohols and tea, the action of, contrasted, 

by Dr. E. Smith, 1860, 145. 
Alcynoe of the British seas, 1839, 85. 
Alcyonella stagnorum, T. P. Teale on, 1836, 

104. 
Alderia, a new genus of nudibranchiate 

mollusca. Prof. Allman on, 1844, 65. 
Alexandria imperatricis, Sir R. Schom- 

burgk's description of, 1844, 71. 
Alga, Prof. Allman on Sorodiscus rivularis 
discovered in Ireland, 1846, 89. 

, microscopic, as a cause of the pheno- 
menon of the coloration of large masses 
of water. Prof. Allman on a, 1852, 64. 
Alg03 and other plants, Chevalier de Claus- 
sen on their employment in the manufac- 
ture of soaps, 1855, 103. 

, freshwater. Prof. G. B. Knowles on 

the movements of the Oscillatoria!!, 1856, 
88. 
, freshwater, Prof. Allman on an ap- 
parently undescribed genus of, 1847, 
81. 
, marine, Prof. Dickie on the distribu- 
tion of the, on the British and Irish 
coasts, 1852, 65. 

of the Isle of Wight, W. Thompson 

on the, 1846, 83. 

, Dr. F. Cohn on the sexuality of the, 

185.5, 122. 
Algebra, Rev. Prof. Jarrett on the sum- 
mation of certain circular functions, 
1847, 5. 
Algebraic couples, or conjugate functions, 
as tending to illustrate the doctrine of 
imaginary quantities, Sir W. R. Hamilton 
on, 1834, 519. 
equation, Prof. Sylvester on the rela- 
tion of Sturm's auxiliary functions to the 
roots of an, 1841, 23. 



206 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Algebraic equations, Mr. Peebles on the 
expressibility of the roots of, 1840, 54. 

equivalence. Rev. Prof. Jarrett on, 

1S45, I. 

geometry, Prof. Stevelly on the doubt- 
ful algebraic sign in certain formulae of, 
1836, 5. 

Alkalies, Dr. Will on an improved method 
of ascertaining the commercial value of, 
1843, 37. 

, organic, H. How on the hyposulphites 

of the, 1854, 70. 

Alkalimetry, Dr. A. P. Price on a new me- 
thod of, 1854, 74. 

Alkaline earths, Dr. Matthiessen on the me- 
tals of the, 1855, 66. 

emanations from sewers and cesspools, 

Dr. Gladstone on the, 1856, 57. 

sulphates contained in alums. Prof. 

Frankland on conserving the, 1855, 
62. 

Alkaloid, new, from a new species of Pereira, 

the Cryptocaria pretiosa, 1844, 85. 
Alkaloids produced during the destructive 

distillation of animal substances. Prof. 

T. Anderson on the, 1854, 64. 
Alligator, S. "Wood on the discovery of an, 

in the freshwater cliff at Hordwell, 1844, 

50.. 
, sharp-nosed, Prof. Owen on the teeth 

of, 1838, 144. 
Alloxan and alloxantine, Prof. Gregory on 

the preparation of, 1840, 74. 
Alloys, Prof. F. C.Calvert on the expansion 

of, 1858, 46. 
, Prof. F. C. Calvert and E. Johnson 

on, 1855, 50. 
, Prof. F. C. Calvert and R. Johnson 

on the specific gravities of, 1859, 66. 
, C. V. Walker on the voltaic reduction 

of, 1845, 30. 
Alluvial basin of the Middle Rhine, Sir 

R. I. Murchison on the, 1843, 56. 
deposits of Belfast, J. Grainger on the 

shells found in the, 1852, 74. 
terraces on the rivers of New Brims- 

wick, 1840, n6. 
Alluvium, ancient, with bones of Pachy- 

dermata, 1850, 91. 
Aloe, Dr. Daubeny on an irregular produc- 
tion of flowers in an, 1842, 65. 
Alpaca, W. Danson on the, 1840, 131. 

wool, W. Danson on, 1839, 92. 

Alphabet for the use of geographers, eth- 
nologists, &c., A. J. Ellis on an, 1855, 

143. 
a LyrjE, Rev. Dr. Robinson on the parallax 

of, 1837, 3. 
Alsine stricta, British, 1844, 72. 
Altitude-observations at sea. Prof. Smyth 

on, 1855, 29. 
Altitudes of places in Great Britain and 

Ireland, on the compilation of a general 

tableof, 1831-32, 581. 
Alum, Dr. Apjohn on a new variety of, 1837, 

49. 



Alum, Dr. Odling on its effects in panifica- 
tion, 1857, 55. 

manufactvu-e of Glasgow, Prof. T. 

Thomson on the, 1840, 61. 

Alums, Prof. Frankland on a mode of con- 
serving the alkaHne sulphates contained 
in, 1855, 62. 

Alumina, R. Phillips on some properties of, 
1848, 58. 

, superphosphate of, Dr. Daubeny on 

refining sugar with, 1857, 45. 

and silica. Prof. Chapman on the iso- 

morphous relations of, 1850, 50. 

Aluminitmi, Dr. S. Macadam on the pro- 
duction of a frosted surface on articles 
made of, 1858, 56. 

, R. Reynolds on the practical appli- 
cation of, 1858, 66. 

• , Prof. J. W. Mallet on the atomic 

weight of, 1857, 53 

, Prof. W. Thomson on the thermo- 
electric position of, 1855, 20. 

, notice of a large bar of, 1855, 64. 

, ammonio-iodide of, Rev. J. B. Reade 

on, 1857, 57. 

Alysidota conferta, G. Busk on, 1859, 146. 

Amalgams, J. P. Joule on some, 1850, 

55- 

Amaurosis, Dr. Prichard on the treatment 
of, 1836, 108. 

Amber, Sir D. Brewster on a remarkable 
specimen of, 1834, 574. 

America, R. H. Walsh on equitable villages 
in, 1857, 170. 

American Indians, A. K. Isbister on the 
Nehanni tribe of a Koloochian class of, 
1847, 121. 

American, British North, exploring expe- 
dition, Capt. J. Palliser on the course and 
results of, 1860, 170. 

Amethyst, Sir D. Brewster on the crystal- 
lization of tourmaline, titaniiun,and quartz 
within, 1853, 3. 

plates, Sir D. Brewster on the use of, 

in experiments on the polarization of 
light, 1858, 13. 

Ammonia, animal, Rev. J. B, Reade on its 
formation, evolution, and office, 1858, 

and boracic acid, R, Warington on the 

production of, by volcanic action, 1854, 

and nitric acid in rain-water, J. B. 

Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gilbert on the 

amounts of, and methods of estimating, 

1854, 70, 164. 
in volcanic emanation, R. Warington 

on the source of, 1858, 71. 
, A. Gages on some arseniates of, 

1857, 47- 
, commercial carbonate of, Mr. Scanlan 

on the constitution of, 1838, 63. 
, chloro-arsenite of. Dr. W. Wallace 

on, 1858, 70. 
, lithiate of, a secretion of insects, W. 

Herapath on, 1836, 70. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



207 



Ammonia, molybdate of, as a test for de- 
tecting phosphoric acid in natural waters, 
Dr. A. Voelcker on, 1850, 64. 

, purpurate of, Prof. Gregory on a new 

process for preparing, 1840, 74. 

, thionurate of, Prof. Gregory on the 

preparation of, 1840, 74. 

Ammoniacal salts, Dr. J. H. Gladstone on 
their decomposition by heat, 1857, 48. 

Ammonio-iodides of metals, K-ev. J. B. 
Eeade on a new method of forming, 
1857, 55. 

Ammonites, upper lias, T. Wright on the 
occurrence of, in the (so-called) basement 
beds of the inferior oolite, 1856, 80. 

Ammonium, formation of the cyanide of, by 
the destructive distillation of peat, 1857, 

• and potassium, palladio-chlorides of, 

Sir D. Brewster on the dichroism of the, 

1842, 13. 
Amnii, liquor, Dr. Eees on the, 1838, 

126. 
Amole, Dr. Schiede on the plant called, 

1835, 77. 
Amphioxus lanceolatus. Prof. Huxley on 

the corpuscles of the blood of, 1847, 

95- 
Amphitrite, Sir J. G. Dalyell on the, 1840, 

140. 
Amphitype, a new photographic process, 

Sir J. R W. Herschel on, 1844, 12. 
Amputations in the Glasgow Infirmary, re- 
sults of, by Dr. Lawrie, 1840, 163. 
Amygdalin, Dr. T. Thomson and T. Eich- 

ardson on, 1838, 48. 
Amygdaloid, Eev. D. Williams on the, 

Exeter, 1844, 55. 
Amyle, Dr. TurnbuU on the physiological 

properties of, 1854, 76. 
Amylogenic bodies. Dr. Kemp on, 1845, 31. 
Anaesthetics, Dr. C. Kidd on the nature of 
death from the administration of, 1860, 

136. 
Analyses of the ashes of oats, 1845, 35. 

of the ashes of plants, 1845, 34. 

of the ashes of narcotic plants, 1845, 36. 

of the ashes of wheat, 1845, 36. 

' of three species of Fucus, 1845, 37. 

, W. West on the use of stating the 

nature of the methods employed in, 1846, 

42. 
Analysis, Prof Young on the principle of 

continuity in reference to certain results 

of, 1846, I. 
Analytical mechanics. Prof. Braschmann on 

the principles of, 1841, 4. 
mechanics, M. Jacobi on a new general 

principle of, 1842, 2. 
Anastomosis, aneurism by, E. Adams on, 

1835, 99. 
Anatomy of the brain in some small qua- 
drupeds, E. Garner on, 1858, 122. 
of the eye, with reference to its power 

of adjustment, W. Bowman on the, 1847, 

91. 



Anatomy of the Brachiopoda, A. Hancock 

on the, 1856, 94. 
of the Bryozoa, Prof. Allman on the, 

1849, 71. 
of Doris, A. Hancock and Dr. Emble- 

ton on the, 1850, 124. 

of the hydrostatic Acalephse, Prof. 

Huxley on the, 1851, 78. 

of a Lucemaria, Prof. Owen on the, 

1849, 78. 

of monocotyledonous stems, Prof. 

Henfrey on the, 1847, 83. 

Andalusite, Connemara, analysis of, by Prof. 
Eowney, 1860, 71. 

Anemometer, Beckley's self-registering, J. 
Welsh's description of, 1856, 38. 

, Dr. Whewell's, Eev. Dr. Eobinson 

on a modification of, 1846, iii. 

, improved, 1844, 23. 

, integrating, A. F. Osier on an im- 
proved, 1849, 26. 

, Osier's new integrating, registers from, 

1850, 46. 

, new. Dr. Banks on a, 1846, 12. 

-, new, J. T. Goddard's, 1845, 18. 

, new, Eev. Dr. Whew^ell on a, 1835, 

29. 
, Dr. Whewell's further account of, 

1836, 39. 

, Dr. Whewell on the principle of his, 

1837, 32 ; Mr. South wood's observations 
with, 33. 

, new registering, 1837, 33. 

, portable self-registering, for record- 
ing the direction and amoimt of hori- 
zontal motion of the air, A. F. Osier on a, 
1858, 38. ^ 

and rain-gauge. Osier's, at the Liver- 
pool observatory, 1854, 34. 

and rain-gauge, F. Osier on a new 

registering, 1837, 33. 

Anemometers, A. F. Osier on the results of 
certain, 1849, 25. 

at Plymouth and Birmingham, F. 

Osier's account of some indications of 
the, 1839, 17. 

and resolving scales, Capt. Cockburn 

on, 1847, 40. 
Anemometrical observations, naval, Prof. 

Smyth on, 1855, 45. 
observations at sea, J. Welsh on, 1856, 

Anemometry, contributions to : — the Therm- 
anemometer, by Prof. Phillips, 1849, 
28. 

Anemoscope for observing vertical currents 
in the atmosphere. Prof. Hennessy on an, 
1856, 40 ; 1857, 30. 

, universal, for showing the horizontal 

and vertical direction of a current in the 
atmosphere. Prof. Hennessy on a, 1856, 
40. 

Aneroid metallique, observations with the, 
during a tour tlirough Palestine and 
along the shores of the Dead Sea, by H. 
Poole, 1856, 41. 



208 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Aneurism by anastomosis, E. Adams on, 
1835, 99. 

, external, Prof. Harrison on its treat- 
ment by pressure, 1843, 80. 

, double popliteal, R. Adams on the 

new circulating channels in, 1836, 123. 

Anglemeter, Bakewell's, 1840, 210. 

Angles of dock-gates and the cells of bees, 
C. M. WilHch on the, 1859, 10. 

Anglo-Saxons, J. B. Davis on the forms of 
the crania of the, 1856, 108. 

Anglo-Saxon urn, C. R. Smith on a Roman 
sepulclu'al inscription on an, 1855, 145. 

Angular measurement, P. Adie on a new 
reflecting instrument for, 1860, 59. 

Anhydrous acid, table of the proportions of, 
in acetic acid, 1834, 571. 

Animal and a plant, J. Hogg on the dis- 
tinctions of an, 1860, III. 

. kingdom. Prof. Agassiz on the 

principles of classification in the, 1835, 
: 67. 

life in the Arctic regions, A. Peter- 

mann on the distribution of, 1852, 112. 

, new glirine, from Mexico, Dr. J. 

E. Gray on a, 1841, 70. 

Animal substances, A. Groadby on the con- 
servation of, 1844, 69. 

substances, Dr. T. Andrews on the pro- 
ducts of the action of heat on, 1851, 43. 

substances, Dr. G. O. Rees on fluoric 

acid as a constituent of, 1839, 56. 

substances, Dr. Macartney on the means 

of preserving, 1836, 99. 

tissues. Dr. Letheby on the action 

of oxalic acid upon the, 1846, 41. 

Animals and plants found in the sulphu- 
reous waters of Yorkshire, Dr. Lankester 
on the, 1840, 143. 

-^— and plants. Dr. Lankester on the alter- 
nation of generations and parthenogenesis 
in, 1857, 113. 

, diving. Dr. Houston on the cir- 
culating organs in, 1835, 81. 

— — , domestic, W. Ogilby on their disper- 
sion, in connexion with the primary eth- 
nological divisions of the human race, 
1857, 105. 

, domestic, J. Crawfurd on their in- 
fluence on the progress of civilization, 
1860, 155. 

in the atmosphere and the sea, Dr. 

T. Williams on the physical conditions 
regulating the vertical distribution of, 

1848, 83. 

, marine, C. S. Bate on the boring of, 

1849, 73. 

, marine, notes on, by C. W. Peach, 

1859, 155. 
new to the British seas, Prof. E. Forbes 

on some, 1844, 64. 
i^ of New Holland, Dr. J. E. Gray on 

the geographical distribution of the, 1841, 

68. 
of Tibet and India, H. and R. Schla- 

gintweit on the, 1857, 106. 



Animals, Sir D. Brewster on certain ab- 
normal structures in the crystalline lenses 
of, 1858, 7. 

, Prof. Allen Thomson on fecundation 

in, 1855, 139. 

, Dr. S. Macadam on the presence of 

iodine in, 1854, 72. 

, Mr. R, Rigg on the formation or se- 
cretion of carbon by, 1844, 33. 

, Dr. OdHng and Dr. Dupre on the 

presence of copper in the tissues of, 1857, 

55- 

, Dr. R. D. Thomson on an important 

chemical law in the nutrition of, 184(), 41. 

, Dr. R. Fowler on the sensational, 

emotional, intellectual, and instinctive 
capacities of, compared with those of man, 
1858, 134. 

, Rev. L. Jenyns on the variation of 
species, 1856, 10 1. 

, Prof. Harrison on the bones in the 

hearts of certain, 1835, 85. 

, Prof. W. Macdonald on the verte- 
bral homologies in, 1855, 128. 

, Prof. Retzius on the antrum pylori 

in, 1855, 132. 

, suggestions for the observation of pe- 
riodic changes in, 1844, 70. 

, W. Ogilby on the geographical dis- 
tribution of, in connexion with the pro- 
gress of human civilization, 1852, 78. 

, vertebrate, in the tertiary beds of 

Norfolk and Suffolk, E. Charlesworth on, 
1836, 48. 

Animalculse of sulphureous waters, Dr. 
Lankester on the, 1840, 143. 

Animalcules (Ehrenberg's Polycystina) from 
Barbadoes, Sir R. H. Schomburgk on, 
1847, 70. 

, infusorial, J. Samuelson on the de- 
velopment of, 1856, 98. 

in human milk, Dr. G. D. Gibb on, 

1860, 131. 

Ankle-joint, J. Douglas on the dislocation 
of the, 1840, 165. 

Annelida, Dr. T. Williams on the structure 
and fmictions of the branchial organs of 
the, 1848, 83. 

Annelidan larva, Prof. Allman on a pecu- 
liar, 1852, 70. 

Annelide, tubicolar, remarkable, 1841, 72. 

Annelid tracks from the representatives of 
the millstone grits of Clare, Prof. Hark- 
ness on, 1854, 86. 

Annulosa, lower, Prof. Huxley on the vas- 
cular system of the, 1854, 109. 

Annulose animals, on, 1834, 608. 

Anobia in libraries, Sir T. Phillips on a 
method of destroying the, 1837, 99. 

Anomoura, C. Spence Bate on the uses of 
the fifth pair of legs in the, 1850, 117. 

Antarctic currents, on, 1854, 117. 

Antarctic expeditions, Capt. Maury on, 
1860, 44. 

regions, Capt. Maury on the climates 

of the, 1860,46. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



209 



Antarctic seas, Capt. Washington on expe- 
ditions to the, 1838, 97. 

Anthracite deposits and vegetable remains 
occurring in the lower Silurians of the 
south of Scotland, Prof. Harkness on 
the, 1854, 86. 

, Silurian, of Cavan, Dr. Whitty on the, 

1854, 95. 

Anthracosis in a lead-miner, Dr. Crawford 
on a case of, 1838, 1 30. 

Antimonial compound applicable as a pig- 
ment. Dr. Traill on an, 1837, 58. 

Antimony, Dr. W. Odling on the detec- 
tion of, for medico-legal purposes, 1856, 

, crystallized oxychloride of, Prof. J. F. 

W. Johnston on the chemical composition 

of the, 1834, 587. 
, glass of, Mr. E, Potter, jun., on its 

power to reflect light, 1833, 377. 
Antiques found at Cirencester, Prof. Buck- 
man on some, as evidence of the do- 
mestic manners of the Eomans, 1856, 

108. 
Antiquities, Hoylake, notices of the, 1854, 

129. 
, on the Roman camp at Ardoch, and 

the military works near it, by Col. Sir 

H. James, 1859, 183. 
■ , on the sculptured stones of Scotland, 

by J. Stuart, 1859, 197. 
Antrum pylori in man and animals. Prof. 

Eetzius on the, 1855, 132. 
Aorta, thoracic. Sir D. J. H. Dickson on 

sudden death from the rupture of an 

aneurism of the, 1842, 83. 
Apatite, Norwegian, Prof. Voelcker on the 

composition of, 1857, 59. 
Apes, anthropoid, Prof. Owen on the, 1854, 

III. 
Apolemia Gettiana, of the family Physo- 

phoridas, British, 1843, 76. 
Aqua-marine, notice of a magnificent speci- 
men of, 1831-32, 86. 
Aquaria, N. B. Ward on, 1858, 133. 
, on the multiplication of Actiniae in, 

by E. Warington, 1858, 133. 
, on a method of applying the com- 
pound microscope to the sides or top of, 

by Prof. Eedfern, 1857, 106. 
, small, observations made in, by E. 

Warington, 1854, 115. 
Aquarium, marine, J. Price on aerating the 

water of the, 1855, 117. 
■ , marine, on the effects of an excess or 

want of heat and light in the, by E. 

Warington, 1855, 117. 
Aquavivaria, on a plan of aerating, adopted 

by Dr. Ball, 1854, 115. 
Arabian leprosy, Dr. Hancock on the, 1837, 

128. 
Arabic, Mr. J. Crawfurd on English words 

derived from the, 1849, 84. 
Arabic-speaking population of the world, 

A. Ameuney on the, 1859, 176. 
Araclmidia hippothoides, 1858, 128. 



Arago's (M.) rotating disc, Prof. Matteucci 
on the distribution of electrical currents 
in, 1853, 5. 

Aranea avicularia, Dr. Eootsey on, 1836, 
98. 

Arapatta, of the Caribes of Guiana, Dr. 
Hancock on the disease called, 1837, 
128. 

Area raridentata taken in a living state, 
1846, 69. 

Arch, Prof. Moseley on the equilibrium of 
the, 1837, 133. 

, oblique, P. Nicholson on the princi- 
ples of the, 18SS, 152. 

Architecture, on the geometrical basis of 
beauty as applied to, by E. D. Hay, 
1850, 131. 

, naval, H. Chatfield on, 1836, 

129. 

, naval, J. Owen on, 1833, 430. 

Arctic and Antarctic currents, A. Gt. Find- 
lay on, and their connexion with the fate 
of Sir John Franklin, 1854, 117. 

circle, on the trunk of a tree dis- 
covered erect as it grew within the, by 
Su: E. Belcher, 1855, loi. 

flora, J. Taylor on the, 1859, 140. 

■ regions, on some additions to the 

geology of the, by J. W. Salter, 1855, 

211. 

regions, on the discovery of Ichthyo- 
saurus and other fossils in the, by Capt. 
Sir E. Belcher, 1855, 79. 

searching expedition, final, C. E. 

Markham on the, 1857, 146. 

Ardea alba, A. Strickland on the, 1838, 
106. 

Arenaria marina found on the banks of the 
Droitwich canal, 1847, 61. 

Arenicola didyma, fossil, from the Cam- 
brian rocks, 1855, 95. 

Argonaut, on a new species of, A. Owenii, 
with observations on the A. gondola, by 
Lovell Eeeve, 1848, 80. 

, on the Hectocotylus or male of the, 

by Prof. Kolliker, 1855, 127. 

Argonauta Argo, Madame J. Power's fur- 
ther experiments and observations on the, 
1844, 74 ; on the polypus of the, 76. 

Argulus foliaceus, 1842, 69. 

Argyleshire, Prof. Nicol on the geology of 
the southern extremity of Canty re, 1850, 
100. 

Arithmetic, Chinese, account of a treatise 
on, 1852, I. 

Arithmometer, or calculating machine. Col- 
mar's, 1854, I. 

Armadillo, Dr. AUman on certain pecu- 
liarities of the six-banded, 1843, 68. 

Armadilloes, extinct gigantic, of South 
America, Prof. Owen on some additional 
species of, 1846, 67. 

Armeria maritima, Dr. A. Voelcker on the 
composition of the ash of, and remarks 
on the geographical distribution of that 
plant, 1849, 43. 

P 



210 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Army, on phthisis in the, by F. G-. P. Nei- 
son, 1858, 189. 

Arnott's stove, J. N. Hearder on, 1841, 
105. 

Arseniates of ammonia, A. Gteges on some, 
1857, 47. 

Arsenic, Dr. Daubeny on its effects on vege- 
tation, 1836, 76. 

, Dr. Clark on a mode of detecting 
minute portions of, 1840, 83. 

^ , Dr. Odling on Marsh's test for, 1859, 

75- 
, on the compoimds of tin vdth, by E. 

Haeffely, 1855, 64. 
, Dr. Bevan on the tests for, 1843, 

87. 
, iodide of. Dr. A. T. Thomson on the 

medicinal and poisonous properties of, 

1838, 123. 
, vapour of, Eev. T. Exley on the spe- 
cific gravity of, 1858, 64. 
Arsenical poisons, W. Herapath on, 1836, 

67. _ 
Arsenious acid, J. Stein on a method 

of separating arsenic acid from, 1850, 

62. 
acid, solution of, in chloride of arsenic. 

Dr. W. Wallace on the, 1858, 69. 

and sulphuric acids. Dr. Schafhaeutl 

on a new compound of, 1840, 69. 

Arsenites, Dr. Apjohn on the chmnistry of 
the, 1843, 37. 

Arteries, Dr. Houston on the means adopted 
by nature in the suppression of hsemor- 
riiage from large, 1843, 80. 

• , haemorrhage from. Dr. Macartney on 

means to suppress, 1839, 97. 

-< — leading to inflamed parts. Dr. Alison 
on the vital properties of, 1834, 674; 
1835, 88. 

, J, Hodgson on the red appearance on 

the internal coat of, 1839, 108. 

of the «ix-banded armadillo. Dr. All- 
man on the, 1843, 68. 

--— — and nerves. Dr. Macartney on rules 
for finding the position of the, 1839, 
102. 

Artesian springs, M. Fauvelle on a new 
method of boring for, 1846, 105. 

well in the new red sandstone at the 

Wolverhampton waterworks, J. P. Bate- 
man on the, 1859, 229. 

well on Southampton Common, J. R. 

Keele on the, 1846, 52. 

wells. Rev. Dr. Buckland on the appli- 
cability of M. Fauvelle' 8 mode of boring, 
to the well at Southampton, and to other 
wells, &c., 1846, 56. 

Artificial crystals, A. Crosse on, 1836, 47. 

Artillery, on the bursting of guns and can- 
nons, by S. Smith, 1858, 221. 

and projectiles, W. B. Adams on, 

1855, 203. 

Aril, a flour made by the Warrau Indians 
from the Murichi, or Palm of Guiana, 
1845, 71. 



Arvicolse, on the species of, found in Nova 
Scotia, by J. W. Dawson, 1855, 1 10. 

Aryan or Indo-Germanic theory of races, 
J. Crawfurd on the, 1860, 154. 

Asaphus latifrons, J. W. Salter on, 1852, 

59- 
Ascaris, Dr. Bellingham on a new species 

of (A. alata), 1838, 115. 
mystax, on the fecundation of the 

ova in, by Dr. H. Nelson, 1855, 131. 
, on the formation and structure of the 

spermatozoa in, by Prof. Allen Thomson, 

1855, 138. 
Ascidia echinata, 1839, 80. 

rugosa, 1839, 80. 

rubens, 1839, 80. 

Ascidians, compound, on their position in 

the zoological scale, 1844, 66. 
, Prof. Huxley on the structure of the, 

1852, 76. 
Ascites, albuminous, with hydatids. Sir D. 

J. H. Dickson on a case of, 1841, 81. 
Asciimi (Bush Eope) of Guiana, Dr. Han- 
cock on a new species of, 1836, 104. 
Ashes of plants. Rev. J. B. Reade on the, 

1837, 103. 
Aspergillum, or watering-pot mollusk, on 

the, 1860, 120. 
Asphyxia, Dr. Alison on the cause of death 

in, 1835, 90. 
, Dr. J. Reid on the manner in which 

the vital actions are arrested in, 1840, 

151- 

Ass, wild, 1857, 107. 

Assafcetida, oil of, Prof. GDilley and Dr. 

Maclagan on the, 1845, 33. 
Assyrian inscriptions. Rev. Dr. Hinoks on 

the language of the, 1860, 156. 
— — inscriptions, Rev. Dr. Hincks on the 

ethnological bearing of the discoveries in 

connexion with the, 1852, 85. 
Assyrians, ancient. Rev. Dr. Hincks on the 

language and mode of writing of the, 

1850, 140. 
Assyrio-Babylonian lunar year, Rev. Dr. 

Hincks on the, 1860, 3 5. 
Astarte Withami taken in a living state, 

1846, 69. 
Astecs, ethnological remarks on the, by Dr. 

Latham, 1853, 88. 
Asteridfle from the upper Silurian rooks, 

J. W. Salter on some new forma of, 1856, 

Asteroid No. 46, Dr. J. Lee on its discovery 

by Mr. Pogson, 1857, 31. 
Asteroids and meteoroUtes, R. P. Q-reg on, 

1854, 19. 
, proposed theory of the origin of the, 

by J. Nasmyth, 1852, 21. 
Astigmatism of a defective eye, Prof. Stokes 

on a mode of measuring the, 1849, 10. 
Astronomical circle. Rev. Dr. Robinson on 

determining the index error of an, 1843, 

16. 

clock, M. Bessel on the, 1842, i. 

clock, Mr. Ettrick on the, 1835, 1 la. 



SECTIONS.— ►INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



211 



Astronomical clock, Rev. Dr. Eobinson on 
the barometric compensation of the pen- 
dulum, 1843, 17, 102. 

instruments, C. May on the applica- 
tion of chilled cast iron to the pivots 
of, 1851, 114. 

observations, Messrs. Bond on appa- 
ratus for making, by means of electro- 
magnetism, 1851, zi. 

observations. Prof. Boole on the theory 

of, 1857, 2. 

problems. Prof. J. C. Adams on the 

application of graphical methods to the 
solution of, and in particular to the deter- 
mination of the perturbations of planets 
and comets, 1849, i. 

Astronomy, Chinese, J. B. Lindsay on, 

1859, 35. 
, meteoric, researches in, byD.Vaughan, 

1854, 26. 
Atherstone Union, C. H. Bracebridge on 

rural statistics, illustrated by the, 1844, 



Atlantic cable, on diminishing the strain by 
an elastic regulator, 1857, 180. 

telegraph. North, geography of the, by 

Col. Schaffner, 1860, 178. 

waves, their magnitude, velocity, and 

phenomena, Eev. Dr. Scoresby on, 1850, 
26. 

Atmopolarimeter, Dr. F. Bernard on an, 
1854, 6. 

Atmosphere and the earth, on the general 
and gradual desiccation of the, by J. S. 
Wilson, 1858, 155. 

during cholera, on the condition of 

the, by Dr. E. D. Thomson, 1855, 71. 

, its influence on the rate of mortality, 

1842, 97. 

, its state during the prevalence of in- 
fluenza, by G-. H. Fielding, 1833, 461. 

— — , on the pressure of the, and its power 
in modifying and determining hsemor- 
rhagic disease, by J. Milligan, 1858, 

138. 

, J. Nott on the electricity of the, 1843, 

, instrument for measuring the electri- 
city of the, 1837, 38. 

, Prof. Wheatstone on Quetelet's inves- 
tigations relating to the electricity of the, 
1849, II. 

, on an instrument for observing verti- 
cal currents in the, by Prof. Hennessy, 
1856, 40. 

, on the vertical currents of the, by 

Prof. Hennessy, 1857, 30. 

, on the causes of the excess of the 

mean temperature of rivers above that of 
the, by W. J. M. Rankine, 1852, 30. 

, on the heating of the, by contact with 

the earth's surface, by Prof, Hennessy, 
1858, 36. 

, on the aqueous vapom* of the, by 

Admiral FitzEoy, 1859, 50. 

, T. Hopkins on the means of com- 



puting the quantities of aqueous Tapour 
in the, 1850, 36. 

Atmosphere, T, Hopkins on computing the 
quantity of vapour contained in a vertical 
column of the, 1849, 24. 

, Col. James on the refraction of the, 

1858, 38. 

, Sir D. Brewster on the polarization 

of the, 1847, 32. 

, Sir D. Brewster on some new pheno- 
mena in the polarization of the, 1850, 6. 

, H. H. Watson on the quantity of car- 
bonic acid in the, 1834, 583. 

, Sir J. W. Lubbock on Poisson's 

theory of the constitution of the, 1837, 
31- 

, on the natural obstructions in the, 

preventing the view of distant objects, by 
A. Cruickshank, 1859, 49. 

of the moon, J. Grooby on the, 

1847, 8. 

Atmospheres, deteriorated, apparatus for 
determining the quantity of carbonic acid 
gas in, by C. T. Coathupe, 1839, 63. 

, deteriorated, C. T. Coathupe on respi- 
ration of, 1839, 108. 

Atmospheric air. Dr. Prout on, 1831-32, 

570-574- 

air, W. West on detecting gases pre- 
sent in, 1836, 77. 

circulation, on the grand currents of, 

by Prof. J. Thomson, 1857, 38. 

daily and yearly fluctuations, Dr. 

Buist on, 1852, 25. 

disturbances, and on a remarkable 

storm at Bombay, by Col. Sykes, 1848, 
41. 

electricity, A. Crosse on, 1836, 48. 

— ^ electricity, on the detection and mea- 
surement of, by M. J. Johnson, 1865, 
40. 

electricity in the United States, Prof. 

Loomis on, 1857, 32. 

electricity, on Dellman's method of 

observing, by Prof. W. Thomson, 1856, 

electricity, on the necessity for inces- 
sant recording, and for simultaneous 
observations in difierent localities, for the 
investigation of, by Prof. W. Thomson, 

1859, 27. 

electricity. Prof. W. Thomson on, 

1860, 53- 

movements, on the effects of the earth's 

rotation on, by D. Yaughan, 1859, 41. 

phenomena, L. How:ard on a cycle of 

eighteen years in, 1842, 24. 

phenomena, E. J. Lowe on some, 

1851, 33. 

pressure, W. Maugham on a mode of 

obtaining an increase of, 1838, 73. 

pressiire during long periods of time, 

Prof. Rankine on a barometric pendulum 
for the registration of, 1853, 26. 

pressure on the animal frame, J. Dalton 

on the efi'ects of, 1831-32, 85. 

p2 



212 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Atmospheric railway, C. Vignoles on the, 

1842, ICO. 

railway, Kingstown and Dublin line, 

1843, loi. 

recorder, G. DoUond on an, 184C, 

I?' 

refraction, uncommon, M. Moggridge 

on two cases of, 1848, 33. 

waves. Admiral FitzRoy on, 1859, 

^' waves, W. R. Birt on, 1846, 35 ; 1860, 

38. 

Atmotic ship, Hon. W. Bland on an, 1860, 
60. 

Atomic weights, atomic volumes, and pro- 
perties of the chemical elements, J. F. 
Coleman on some remarkable relations 
existing between the, 1860, 66. 

weights. Dr. E. Turner on, 1831-32, 

576. 

weights. Dr. Turner's experiments on, 

1833, 399. 

weights of elementary bodies. Prof. 

Clark on the, 1839, 43. 

weights of the families of the elements, 

J. Mercer on the relation of the, 1858, 

weights of the elements of six chemical 

families, J. Mercer on the, 1858, 59. 
weight of magnesium, A. Macdonnell 

on the, 1852, 36. 
weight of oxygen. Prof. W. A. Miller 

on the, 1860, 70. 
weights of platinum and barium. Prof. 

T. Andrews on the, 1852, 33. 
weight of tin, Dr. W. Odling on the, 

1858, 58. 
Atrato, explorations through the valley of 

the, to the Pacific, in search of a route 

for a ship-canal, by F. M. Kelley, 1850, 

162. 
Attraction and repulsion, on the alternate 

spheres of, by Rev. T. Exley, 1844, 39. 
, electrical, Sir W. S. Harris on, 1835, 

'7- . . 

— ■ — , electrical, Sir W. S. Harris on some 

new phenomena of, 1833, 386. 
Attractions, theory of, Rev. Prof. Jellett on 

some general propositions connected with 

the, 1857, 3. 
Auchenia, W. Danson on the introduction 

of a species of, into Britain, for obtaining 

wool, 1839, 92. 
Aurora, G. A. Rowell on the cause of the, 

1840, 48. 
, G. A. Rowell on the cause of the, and 

the declination of the needle, 1847, 41. 
, Dr. Hooker's observations of an, 1848, 

18. 

at Point Barrow, Major-Gen. Sabine 

on the frequency of the, 1857, 14. 

boreahs, on the nature of, 1831-32, 

85. 

borcalis, on an arch of the, 1833, 401 ; 

directions for observations of the, 486. 
borealis, on the, 1852, 26. 



Aurora borealis, W. Herapath on the, 1836, 

32. 
— borealis of August 11, 1836, Dr. Traill 

on the, 1836, 32. 
borealis, S. H. Christie on its occurrence 

in England during summer, 1837, 28. 
borealis, Rev. G. Fisher on the nature 

and origin of the, 1845, 22. 

borealis at Alton, 1846, 12. 

borealis, Dr. Siljestrom on those varia- 
tions of the force and the direction of the 

terrestrial magnetism whicli seem to de- 
pend on the, 1848, 4. 
borealis, notice of, by J. K. Watts, 

1851, 41. 
borealis. Admiral Sir J. Ross on the, 

1835, 18 ; 1855, 42. 
Aurora3, notices of, by J. Jenkins, 1848, 

22. 
Auroral arches, Rev. Prof. Chevallier on the 

height of, 1847, 7. 
Auscultation, Dr. Brooke on an instrument 

to assist in the discovery of foreign bodies 

by, 1845, 86. 
, Dr. C, J. B. Williams on the con- 
struction and application of instruments 

used in, 1842, 75. 
Australian expedition, communications on 

an, by Capt. Sturt, Dr. Blundell, and G. 

S. Wilson, 1854, 125. 
Avenella dilatata, 1858, 128. 
Aves constrictipedes and inconstrictipedes, 

J. Hogg on the classification of, 1846, 

77. 78. 
Avicula contorta beds and lower lias in the 

south of England, Dr. T. Wright on the, 

1860, 108. 
Awalian tribes of the Tarai, at the foot of 

the Himalayas, J. B. Davis on the, 1859, 

^77- . 
Axe, miner's, ancient, recently discovered 

in the Forest of Dean, description of, by 

R. Mushet, 1856, 71. 
Axles, straight, for locomotives, C. Vignoles 

on, 1842, 104. 
, railway, J. Nasmyth on the strength 

of hammered and annealed, 1842, 105. 
Azimuth circle, G. B. Airy on a question of 

probabilities which occurs in the use of a 

fixed collimator for the verification of the 

constancy of position of an, 1850, i. 
Azote, atomic weight of, 1839, 49. 

Babinet's (M.) homolographic maps, notice 

of, 1854, 2. 
homolographic maps, Prof. Hennessy 

on, 1856, 112. 
Bache's tide observations. Rev. Dr. Whewell 

on, 1854, 28. 
Balaklava tempest, on the, and the mode of 

interpreting barometrical fluctuations, by 

T. Dobson, 1856, 36. 
Balance, revolving, Mr. Lotldan on a, 1840, 

206. 
Balance spring, glass, for clu-onometers, 

Mr. E. J. Dent on a, 1833, 421. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



213 



Balloon ascents for meteorological objects, 
Col. Syies on, 1858, 39. 

Balloons, on obserrations of the barometer 
and thermometer made during ascents in, 
by G-. Eush, 1849, 29. 

Banking, London, on the family principle 
in, by J. w. Gilbart, 1856, 143. 

Banks, Joint-stock, on the rise, progress, and 
condition of, by J. Knight, 1854, 138. 

, Joint-stock, reasons for extending 

limited liability to, 1857, 165; on the 
recent legislation relative to, 166. 

Barbacenia, Sir R. Schomburgk on a new- 
species of, 1844, 71. 

Barbel, Prof. Owen on the pharyngeal tooth 
of the, 1838, 143. 

Barege mobile, or canalization of rivers, 
1844, 99. 

Barium, Prof. T. Andrews on the atomic 
weight of, 1852, 33. 

and strontium. Dr. Hare on the pre- 
parations of, 1839, 36. 

Bark, Matias, Dr. Mackay on the chemical 
and medicinal properties of, 1839, 6 1 ; 
1840, 160. 

Barley crops, on the injury of parasitic 
plants to, 1848, 84. 

Barnacles, Sir C Lyell on the occurrence 
of a stratum of stones covered with, in the 
red crag at Wherstead, 1851, 65. 

Barometer, on the diurnal variations of the, 
by T. Hopkins, 1844, 22. 

, G-. Hutchison on the nature and 

causes of the diurnal oscillations of the, 
1843, 19. 

, J. A. Broun on the laws of the di- 
urnal variation of the, witliin the tropics, 
1860, 20. 

— — , on the horary oscillations of the, 
1831-32, 86. 

, T. Hopkins on the relations of the 

semidiurnal movements of the, to land 
and sea breezes, 1846, 25. 

, on the semidiurnal and annual va- 
riations of the, by J. A. Broun, 1859, 43. 

, on the diurnal variation of the, by 

T. Davies, 1859, 50. 

, Rev. J. Hailstone on a peculiar oscil- 
lation of the, 1834, 569. 

, Mr. Espy on the four daily fluctua- 
tions of the, 1840, 55. 

, on the irregular movements of the, 

by T. Hopkins, 1844, 21. 

• , solar variation, through the seasons, of 

the, in the climate of London, by Luke 
Howard, 1844, 14. 

, on observations of the, made during 

ascents in balloons, by G-. Rush, 1849, 
29. 

■ , Prof. Stevelly on a method of filling 

the, without the aid of an air-pump, 1839, 
21. 

• pump, for filling barometer-tubes in 

vacuo, 1844, 24. 

, new, on the construction of a, by 

Rev. Prof. Miller, 1833, 414. 



Barometer, new standard portable moun- 
tain, by G. J. Symons, 1858, 39. 

, P. M'Farlane on a new construction 

of the, 1840, 55. 

, portable, improved, 1831-32, 581. 

, portable, new method of construct- 
ing a, by J. Newman, 1833, 417. 

with an enlarged scale, by W. L. 

Wharton, 1833, 414. 

, aneroid, daily comparison of, with a 

Board of Trade barometer by captains of 
ships at sea, Dr. J. Lee on the, 1858, 
38. 

, Breguet's, Rev. Prof. Gumming on a, 

1833, 418. 

, linseed oil, 1831-32, 86. 

, 0. Brooke on a self-registering, 1846, 

17. 
, self-registering, Prof. Stevelly on a, 

1835, 109. 
, wheel. Sir W. S. Harris on the con- 
struction of a new, 1833, 414. 
Barometers, Bm'sill's, notice of, 1841, 

42. 
, M. R. von Schlagintweit on thermo- 

barometers compared with, at great 

heights, 1860, 50. 
Barometric formula. Dr. Apjohn on the 

correction to be applied for moisture to 

the, 1843, 20. 
■ pendulum, for the registration of the 

mean atmospheric pressure during long 

periods of time. Prof Rankine on a, 

1853, 26. 

pressure. Admiral FitzRoy on the 

areas or lines of, 1860, 41. 

readings, M. R. von Schlagintweit on 

some results deduced from comparisons 
of the boiling-point with, 1860, 50. 

Barometrical fluctuations, T. Dobson on the 
mode of interpreting, 1856, 36. 

instrument for travellers in moun- 
tainous districts, Sir J. Robison on a, 
1838, 37. 

levellings in the Madras Presidency, 

Colonel Sykes on, 1847, 42. 
registration, simultaneous, in the north 

of England, Prof Phillips on, 1844, 

21. 
Barrande's (M.) labours in preparing his 

' Silurian System ' of Bohemia, review of, 

by Sir R. I. Murchison, 1850, 97. 
Baryta, bicarbonate of, Prof T. Andrews 

on its application to quantitative analyses, 

1852, 41. 
Barytes and platinum, cyanurets of. Sir D. 

Brewster on the optical properties of the> 

1850, 5. 
Basalt in the island of Mull, the Duke of 

Argyll on a fossiliferous deposit under- 
lying, 1850, 70. 
Basaltic dyke in the vale of Eden, J. A. 

Knipe on a, 1839, 67. 

formations in Northumberland, W. 

S. Gibson on, 1859, 108. 

Basins, tidal, on the formation of the 



214 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



entrances to, by B. B. Stoney, 1857, 
198. 

Bath, oriental, Dr. E. Haughton on the, 
1857, no. 

Bath waters, W. Herapath's analysis of the, 
1836, 70. 

Batteries, floating and fixed, Q-. Eennie on 
the construction of, 1858, 220. 

— — , galvanic, M. KuMa's, 1853, 44. 

, graphite, for telegraphic purposes, C. 

V.Walker on, 1852, 132. 

Battery, hydro-electric chain, Pulverma- 
cher's, W. H. Walenn on, 1851, 52. 

, gas, on a new form of the, by W. Sy- 

mons, 1855, 15. 

, gas voltaic, W. R. Grove on experi- 
ments on the, 1845, 30. 

, small voltaic, of extraordinary energy, 

W. R. Grove on a, 1839, 36. 

, Maynooth cast-iron, on a modification 
of the, by W. Symons, 1856, 16. 

Beach, raised, in the limestone clifi" under 
the Hoe at Plymouth, Dr. E. Moore on 
the discovery of organic remains in the, 
1841, 62. 

Beaches, raised, in Cornwall and Devon, 
Mr. Bartlett on the, 1841, 61, 62. 

Beams or girders, T. M. Gladstone on mal- 
leable iron for, 1852, 126. 

, iron, on the strength and best forms 
of, by Prof. E. Hodgkinson, 1831-32, 610. 

■ ■ , on the effect of impact on, by Prof. 
E. Hodgkinson, 1833, A-^i. 

Beans, legumin in. Prof. Liebig's experi- 
ments on the, 1841, 53. 

Beaimiont's (Elie de) theory of the paral- 
lelism of contemporaneous lines of eleva- 
tion. Rev. W. D. Conybeare on its appli- 
cation to Great Britain and Ireland, 1831- 
32, 587. 

Beauty, on the geometrical basis of, by 
R. D. Hay, 1850, 131. 

Bedford Level, Rev. Prof. Sedgwick on the' 
changes in the river drainage of the, 1845, 

45- 

Bee, common hive, Rev. H. H. Higgins on 
the death of the, supposed to be occa- 
sioned by a parasitic fungus, 1858, 124. 

Bees, on their instinctive tendency to form 
hexagonal cells, by R. L. Ellis, 1858, 
122. 

— — , on the formation of the cells of, by 
W. B. Tegetmeier, 1858,? 132. 

, on the development of sex in, by 

Rev. W. Ldtch, 1855, 1 1 1 . 

Beef, experiments on the preservation of, 
by G. Hamilton, 1854, 69. 

BecKites found in the red conglomerates of 
Torbay, W. PengeUy on the, 1856, 74. 

Beet-sugar manufacture in the IJnited King- 
dom, Prof W. N. Hancock on the pro- 
spects of the, 1851, 100. 

Beetle found imbedded in some artificial 
concrete, 1846, 82. 

Beetles, mummy, J, O. Westwood on, 1860, 
123. 



Bellinurus, a subgenus of Limulus, W. H. 
Baily on, with descriptions of two new 
species (B. regina and B. arcuatus), 1858, 

Bellis perennis, Prof. Dickie on a mon- 
strosity of, 1852, 66. 

Ben Cruachan, W. Hopkins on the distri- 
bution of granite rocks from, 1851, 59. 

Bennett and Penrose's sliding helicograph, 
1852, 129. 

Berber language. Prof. F. W. Newman on 
the Soukaneeah dialect of the, 1850, 142. 

Berbers or Brabers, of Morocco, E. Schla- 
gintweit on the, 1860, 177. 

Bergmehl, or mountain meal, of Sweden, 
Prof. Ehrenberg on, 1838, 116. 

Berkeleyan controversy, an attempt to solve 
some of the difficulties of the, by well- 
ascertained physiological and psycholo- 
gical facts, by Dr. R, Fowler, 1855, 123. 

hypothesis, second physiological at- 
tempt to unravel some of the perplexities 
of the, by Dr. R. Fowler, 1859, 160. 

Berkeley's (Bishop) ' New Theory of Vision,' 

Sir D. Brewster on, 1848, 49. 
theory of vision. Sir D. Brewster on, 

1849, 6. 

Bernoulli's theory of gases as applied to 
their internal friction, their diffusion, 
and their conductivity for heat, Prof. 
Maxwell on the results of, 1860, 15. 

— — theory of wind instrimients, an expe- 
rimental proof of, 1831-32, 559, 

Beroe of the British seas, 1839, 85. 

cucumis, and the genera or species of 

Ciliograda which have been founded upon 
it, Prof. E. Forbes on, 1849, 76. 

pileus, R. Gamer on, 1839, 93. 

Berwick and North Durham coal-field, 
D. Milne on the, 1838, 76. 

Berzelius, Dr. R. Hare on the chemical 
nomenclature of, 1836, 44. 

Bicellaria Alderi, G. Busk on, 1859, 145. 

Bichromate of potash, Prof. T. Thomson on 
the manufacture of, in Glasgow, 1840, 62. 

Bicyanide with binoxide of mercury, Prof. 
Johnston on a new compound of, 1838, 

59- 
Bile, Dr. Kemp on the functions of the, 

1844, 86. 
, Dr. Thudichum on the physiological 

relations of the colouring matter of the, 

1860, 147. 
Biliary concretions, Dr. De Vrij on, 1847, 

59- 

ducts. Dr. Olliffe on a peculiar dis- 
ease of the, 1843, 79. 

Bill circulation of Great Britain, Mr. Lea- 
tham on the, 1840, 184. 

Binnen or inland lake. Dr. L. Becker's re- 
marks as to the earlier existence of the, 

1850, 73. 

Binocular instruments, A. Claudet on the 
means of increasing the angle of, 1860, 
61. 

vision, and on the stereoscope for 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



215 



illustrating its phenomena, Prof. Wheat- 
stone on, 1838, 1 6. 
Biology, on certain a 'priori principles of, 

by Prof. Alison, 1857, 109. 
Biquatemions, Sir W. E. Hamilton on, 

1852, 2. 
Bird, gigantic, from the London clay of 

Sheppey, J. S. Bowerbank on the remains 

of a, 1851, 55. 
, gigantic, sculptured on the tomb of 

an officer of the household of Pharaoh, 

J. Bonomi on a, 1845, 63. 
Birds, figures of, observed on a tomb at 

Memphis, by J. Bonomi, 1846, 79. 
— — , Prof. Strickland on a chart of the 

natural affinities of the Insessorial order 

of, 1843, 69. 
, on the arrangement of, by T. C. 

Eyton, 1858, 122. 
, British, J. Hogg on the classification 

of the genera of, 1846, 76. 
, on the variation of species, by Rev. L. 

Jenyns, 1856, 103. 
, catalogue of, observed in S.E. Dur- 
ham and in N.W. Cleveland, by J. Hogg, 

1844, 59. 

of Yorkshire, T. Allis on the, 1844, 60. 

of the north of Scotland, T. F. Jamieson 

on the, 1859, 150. 
observed in Sutherlandshire, by P. J. 

Selby, 1834, 610. 
of Corfu, the Ionian Islands and 

Crete, notice of Capt. Drummond's cata- 
logues of, 1843, 70. 
of the Faroe islands, J. WoUey on the, 

1850, 127. 
, Col. Sykes on the geographical range 

of, 1835, 69. 
, on a curious exemplification of instinct 

in, by Eev. F. F. Statham, 1853, 71. 
T. Allis on some peculiarities in the 

flight of, 1844, 72. 
, on the migration of, by Dr. Cuthbert 

Collingwood, 1858, 121. 
, on the orbital glands in, by P. J. 

Selby, 1834, 609. 
, on the muscles of the extremities of, 

by Prof. C. J. Sundevall, 1855, 137. 
, on some traces of harmonious colours 

in, by Rev. Prof. M'Cosh, 1854, 10 1. 
, new pheasants introduced into En- 
gland, 1859, 148. 
r , notice of new species of humming- 
birds from the Andes, by J. Gould, 184^, 

76. 
of Paradise, notice of several species of, 

by J. Gould, 1859, 148. 
, periodical, observed near Llanrwst, 

Denbighshire, in the years 1842 and 1843, 

1843, 69. 
• , periodical, observed near Llanrwst, 

in the years 1843 and 1844, 1844, 61. 
, periodical, observed near Llanrwst, in 

the years 1844 and 1845, 1845, 63. 
, periodical, observed near Llanrwst, 

in the years 1846 and 1847, 1847, 75. 



Birds, Prof. Strickland on the history of the 
Dodo and other allied species of, 1847, 

79- 

Birley Spa, Hackenthorp, on the waters of, 
1844, 105. 

Bu'ths, Dr. Collins on the periodicity of, 
1836, 146. 

, deaths, and marriages, on the fluc- 
tuations in the number of, in the metro- 
polis during 15 years, by Dr. W. A. Guy, 
1857, 167. 

Bismuth, found near Truro, 1841, 59. 

, crystallized. Prof. Matteucci on the 

magnetism of rotation in masses of, 1853, 
6. 

Bitter principles of some vegetables, Prof. 
Peretti on the, 1844, 84. 

Blast of very high temperature, E. Cowper 
on a new mode of obtaining a, 1860, 
204. 

furnace, Mr. Player on the appli- 
cation of anthracite coal to the, 1839, 
130. 

furnaces, on the advantageous use 

made of the gaseous escape from, 1850, 
172. 

Blasting of rocks. Dr. Hare on, 1836, 45. 

and quarrying of rocks, W. Sim on 

the, 1855, 209. 

Bleaching, influence of sunlight over the 
action of the dry gases on organic colours, 
Dr. G. Wilson on the, 1850, 65. 

powder, or chloride of lime. Prof. T. 

Thomson on its manufacture in Glasgow, 
1840, 59. 

powder and other hypochlorites, Dr. 

A. P. Price on a method for determining 
the available amount of chlorine in, 1853, 
48. 

Blenheim iron ore, E. Hull on the, 1860, 
81. 

Blind, Eev. W. Taylor's explanation of 
Mr. Littledale's apparatus for the, 1844, 
99. 

, deaf, and dumb. Dr. Fowler on cases 

of, 1841, 81; 1847,92. 

, deaf, and dumb, a physiological ex- 
planation of how they interpret the com- 
munications of others by touch only, by 
Dr. Fowler, 1848, 88. 

Blindness, when caused by sulphuric acid, 
curable, 1840, 84. 

, moon, on, 1858, 19. 

Blood, human. Prof. Buchanan on separa- 
ting, by filtration, the coagulable lymph 
from, 1840, 75. 

, human, Dr. Buchanan on the fibrin 

of, 1840, 76, 156. ^ 

, human, microscopic observations on 

its movement in the capillaries, .and on 
the structure of the nerves in the glands 
of the tongue, by Dr. A. Waller, 1848, 

83- 

• , Dr. Searle on the cause of its circu- 
lation through the liver, 1846, 93. 

, on the mechanism by which it may 



216 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



be accelerated or retarded in the arterial 

and venous systems of Mammalia, by Dr. 

T. J. Aitkin, 1834, 68 1. 
Blood, Dr. E. Fowler on the influence of 

its circulation on the mental functions, 

1853, 66. 
, on the cause of the fluidity of the, by 

Dr. B. W. Eichardson, 1856, 98. 
, Prof. Mulder on the presence of car- 
bonates in, 1850, 57. 
, E. H. Brett on the albuminous prin- 
ciples existing in the, 1837, 125. 
, on the physiological action of inor- 
ganic substances introduced directly into 

the, 1853, 66. 
in the head, Dr. Carson on the motion 

of the, and on the uses of the ventricles 

and convolutions of the brain, 1837, 

123. 
, in erysipelas, J. Groodman on the 

physiological condition of the, 1847, 94. 
of Amphioxus lanceolatus, Prof. Hux- 
ley on the corpuscles of the, 1847, 95. 
Blood-corpuscle, coloured, J. S. Sanderson 

on the supposed relation of the spleen to 

the origin of the, 1850, 1 34. 
Blood-corpuscles, on certain pathological 

characters of the, by J. P. Hennessy, 

1857, 113. 
, Dr. Gladstone on a sample of, con- 
taining fat, 1851, 77. 

, Dr. Q". Wilson on fluorine in, 1850, 67. 

, Dr. Houston on the circulation of 

the, in acardiac foetuses, 1843, 81, 
, Dr. J. Blake on the physiological 

action of inorganic substances introduced 

directly into the, 1853, 66. 
Blood-vessels of the porpoise. Dr. Sharpey 

on the anatomy of the, 1834, 682. 
Blowpipe, oxyhydrogen, on a safety tube 

adapted to the, 1831-32, 577. 
'——, common bellows, W. Ettrick on a 

modification of the, 1836, 77. 
Boats, Mr. Smith on propelling, on canals, 

1840, 209 ; 1844, 98. 
, Dr. J. Phipps on the sailing powers 

of two, built on the wave principle, 1846, 

112. 
for inland navigation. Prof. Hennessy 

on, 1860, 212. 
Bobbin net trade, W. Felkin on the, 1836, 

148. 
Bode's (Baron de) insulated compass, J. Y. 

Oliver on, 1845, 16. 
Bodies, floating, M. Davidow on the theory 

of equiUbrium of, 1847, i. 
— — , imperfectly elastic. Prof. E. Hodg- 

kinson on the collision of, 1834, 543. 
, liquid and solid. Prof. W. J. M. 

Eankine on the velocity of sound in, 

1851, 4. 
, solid, Prof.Hodgkinson's experimental 

inquiries into the lalling-off" from perfect 

elasticity in, 1844, 25. 
Bofareira (Eicinus communis), Dr. M'Wil- 

liam on the use of, as a means to excite 



lactation, adopted by the natives of the 
Cape de Verd Islands, 1850, 132. 
Bog-butter, Irish, J. S. Brazier on, 1852, 

35- 
Bog-timber, Archdeacon Vignoles on, 1835, 

76. 
Boiler, cylindrical spiral, J. Elder on the, 

1860, 204. 

explosions, on the prevention of, by 

H. Dircks, 1854, 149. 

Boilers, W. Fairbairn on the construction 
of, 1851, 113. 

, locomotive, and others, Mr. Haw- 
thorn on, 1840, 211. 

of steam-engines. Dr. J. Davy on the 

incrustation whicli forms in the, 1850, 

of steam-engines, W. S. Ward on a 

method of supplying them with water, 
1849, 132. 

, steam-engine, G. Gurneyon explosions 

in, 1841, 49. 
, tubular, new, W. Fairbairn on a, 1852, 

J25. 
■ , W. Froude on Gifiard's injector for 

feeding, 1860, 211. 
Bolina hibernica, E. Patterson on, 1839, 85. 
Bombacea; (or silk-trees) of Western India, 

Dr. G. Buist on some peculiarities of the, 

1859, 132. 
Bombax malabaricum of Western India, 

Dr. Buist on, 1859, 132. 
Bombyx mori, on its occurrence in a wild 

state in this country, by Eev. F. F. 

Statham, 1858, 130. 
Bonapartea, and other plants, for furnishing 

fibre for paper-pulp. Chevalier de Claus- 

sen on, 1855, 104. 
Bone, J. Douglas on its reproduction after 

the operation of trepan, 1840, 165. 
, diseased. Prof. Syme on the excision 

of, 1834, 684. 
Bone and cartilage, P. Eedfern on the con- 
nexion between, 1853, 71. 
and osseous grafts, M. Oilier on the 

artificial production of, 1860, 143. 
Bone-ash, on the commercial analysis of, by 

Prof. Voelcker, 1858, 6^. 
Bone-bed of Aust Cliff, large cylindrical 

bone found in the, 1849, 67. 
Bone-beds of the upper Ludlow rock, and 

base of the old red sandstone. Sir E. I. 

Murchison on the, 1856, 70. 
Bone-cave at Cefn in Denbighshire, J. E. 

Bowman on the, 1836, 88. 

. at Cheddar, Mr. Long on a, 1838, 85. 

near Montrose, W. Beattie on a, 1859, 

99. 
Bone-caves near Tenby, Eev. G. N. Smith 

on three undescribed, 1860, 10 1. 
Bone-oil, on the products of, by Dr. T. 

Anderson, 1851, 43. 
Bones, human, discovered in a field near 

Billingham, 1848, 95. 
, J. Bryce on some caverns near the 

Giant's Causeway containing, 1834, 658. 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



217 



Bones of the Megatherium, symmetrical re- 
lations of the, 1833, 437. 
, on the constitvition of the mineral 

portion of, and the analysis of common 

bone-ash, animal charcoal, &c., by Prof. 

Voelcker, 1858, 68. 
Books, J. I. Hawkins on folding plates in, 

for the pocket, 1839, 132. 
and MSS., on a method of destroying 

insects which attack them, 1837, 99. 
Boracic acid and ammonia, R. Warington 

on the production of, by volcanic action, 

1854, 76. 
Boracite, amorphous, Dr. Karsten on an, 

1847, 55. 
Boring for Artesian springs, M. Fauvelle on 

a new method of, 1846, 105. 
Boron, Dr. T'rankland on a new organic 

compound containing, 1860, 69. 
Botanic Garden at Kew, R. Hunt on the 

coloured glass of the Palm-house in the, 

1847, 51. 
Botanical Garden of the Eoyal Agricultural 

College, Prof. Buckman on experiments 

in the, 1856, 83. 
■ geography of part of the Himalaya and 

Tibet, Major Madden and Capt. Strachey 

on the, 1851, 72; of western Tibet, 73. 
Botany, on some practical results derivable 

from the study of, by N. B. Ward, 1858, 

118. 
— — , on the originary structure of the 

flower, by Prof. Agardh, 1833, 433. 
, systematic, J. Ball on practical means 

for the advancement of, 1845, 72. 
and Zoology, Prof. Strickland on the 

true method of discovering the natural 

system in, 1840, 128. 
Boulder-clay formation in Northumberland, 

W. S. Gibson on the, 1859, 109. 
Bou^lder of cannel coal in a vein of com- 
mon bituminous coal, 1848, 64. 
of granite in the white chalk, E. God- 
win-Austen on a, 1857, 62. 
Boulders, J. T. Clay on tlieir occurrence in 

the valley of the Calder, 1842, 55. 
, R. Griffith on their distribution in 

Ireland, 1843, 40. 
, Prof. Phillips on the removal of, from 

the Cumbrian mountains, 1836, 87. 
, Rev. T. Rankin on the formation of, 

1853, 54. 
Boyne, J. Barton on the viaduct over the, 

1857, 178. 
Brachiopoda, on the anatomy of the, by 

A. Hancock, 1856, 94. 
observed in a dredging tour with Mr. 

M'Andrew on the coast of Norway, L. 

Barrett on the, 1855, 106. 
Brachyacanthus scutiger, a new genus and 

species, from the lower old red sandstone, 

1859, 116. 
Brachyura, male, C. Spence Bate on the use 

of the false feet in, 1850, 116. 
Bradypus didactyhis, Prof. Owen on the 

tooth of, 1838, 145, 



Brahmins of India, H. Schlagintweit on the, 

1857, 151. 
Brahui, Dr. Latham on the ethnological 

position of the, 1851, 89. 
Brain, Dr. Carson on the uses of the ven- 
tricles and convolutions of the, 1837, 123. 
, Dr. Evanson on the functions of the, 

1837, 108. 
, Dr. Foville on the anatomy of the, 

1839, 97. 
, R. Garner on the anatomy of the, in 

some small quadrupeds, 1858, 123. 
, Dr. Hutton on a case of deficient 

development of the right hemisphere of 

the, 1835, 99. 
, Dr. Laycock on the reflex function of 

the, 1844, 85. 
, Dr. Laycock on the communicating 

fibres of the, in reference to thought and 

action, 1845, 84. 
, Dr. Macartney on the structure of the, 

1833, 449. _ 
, Dr. Prichard on diseases of the, 1836, 

107. 
, on the explanation of the crossed in- 
fluence of the, by Dr. J. Struthers, 1855, 

136. 
of the Troglodytes niger, Prof. Allen 

Thomson on the, 1855, 139. 
Branchipus (Schteffer) and Chirocephalus 

(Prevost), Dr. Baird on the genera, 1847, 

74- 
Brass, magnetized, Rev. T. Rankin on, 1849, 

29. 
, on the chemical composition of some 

iron ores called, by E. C. Nicholson and 

D. S. Price, 1855, 66. 
and copper filings, &c., application of 

electro-magnetism for the separation of 

iron from, 1835, 20. 
Brassica oleracea. Dr. Lankester on some 

abnormal forms of the fruit of, 1849, 71. 
Bread, on the composition of, 1855, 66. 

, new mode of making, 1855, 64. 

• , on a new mode of making, by Dr. W. 

Odling, 1859, 76. 
, on the effects of alum in making, by 

Dr. OdHng, 1857, 55. 
, ropy, observations on, by G. Read, 

1850, 60. 
Breakwater, Plymouth, Wm. Stuart on the, 

1841, 99. 
, floating, Capt. Taylor on a, 1841, 

100. 
Breakwaters, C. Vignoles on the use of beton 

and concrete in constructing, 1842, 112. 
Bream, white, Dr. Lankester on the, 1839, 

94-. 

Breccias of the southern portion of the valley 
of the Nith, Scotland, Prof. Harkness on 
the origin of the, 1858, 8 r. 

^Brewing, W. Black on the influence of elec- 
tricity on the process of, 1837, 58. 

Brick and tile machine, the Marquis of 
Twcedale's patent, G. Cottam on, 1839, 
128. 



218 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Bridge of Ashiesteel, rubble, J. Smith on 
the, 1850, 187. 

, flexible suspension, W. J. Curtis on 

a, 1837, 132. 

, suspension, of steel, over an arm of 

the Danube at Vienna, 1831-32, 608. 

, suspension, over the Avon, T. Motley 

on a, 1838, 157. 

, tubular, on the priority of the inven- 
tion of, 1850, 170, 

, tubular, proposed by Mr. Stephenson, 

for crossing the Menai Straits, W. Fair- 
bairn's experiments on the, 1846, 107 ; 
Prof. Hodgkinson's experiments on the, 
108. 

Bridges, J. Barton on the calculation of 
strains in lattice girders, 1852, 123. 

, oblique, P. Nicholson on, 1838, 

152. 

, suspension, J. M. Eendel on a system 

of trussing for the roadways of, 1841, 
102. 

, timber, B. Green on constructing, 

1838,150. 

, timber, in special reference to rail- 
ways, Mr. Vignoles on, 1840, 195; Mr. 
Mitchell on, 197. 

Brine-spring, carbonic acid gas emitted by a, 
1838, 28. 

British Association Catalogue of Stars, W. 
S. Jacob's notes on the, 1854, 25. 

British Channel, G. Eoberts on a remark- 
able tide in the, 1848, 37. 

isles, A. Petermann on the hydro- 
graphy of the, 1848, 73. 

seas, R. M'Andrew on some animals 

new to the, 1844, 64. 

flora, additions to the, 1848, 84. 

Britons, ancient, on the forms of the crania 
of the, by J. B. Davis, 1854, 127. 

Bromine, on the equivalent of, by Dr. W. 
WaUace, 1859, 88. 

and chlorine, on the allotropic modi- 
fications of, analogous to the ozone from 
oxygen, by Dr. T. Andrews, 1855, 48. 

and its compounds. Dr. Glover on the 

physiological and medicinal action of, 
1840, 157. 

Bronchial tubes, J. Carson on the uses of 
the muscular fibres of the, 1842, 80. 

Brorson's comet of short period, Dr. Von 
Galen on, 1851, 23. 

Brougham's (Lord) experiments on light, 
remarks on, by Eev. Prof. Powell, 1851, 
II. 

Brucia, on testing for, by J. Horsley, 1856, 
53 ; on a new method of extracting it 
from nux vomica without alcohol, 54. 

* Bruit de soufflet,' Dr. Corrigan on the me- 
chanism of, 1835, 87. 

Bryarea scolopendra, found in Dublin Bay, 
R. Ball's notice of, 1849, 72. 

Bryozoa, marine. Rev. T. Hincks on a pe- 
culiar organ which occurs on some of the, 
1852, 75. 

r , Prof. Allman on the nervous system 



and certain other points in the anatomy 

of the, 1849, 71. 
Bryozoon, freshwater, new. Prof. Allman on 

a, 1849, 72. 
Bubalus moschatus (fossil musk-ox), from 

the Wiltshire drift. Prof. Owen on addi- 
tional evidence of the, 1856, 72. 
Buccinum, J. Lubbock on the development 

of, 1860, 139. 
Buildings, construction of, for the accom- 
modation of audiences, 1844, 99. 
, J, Scott Russell on the application of 

our knowledge of the laws of sound to 

the construction of, 1843, 96. 
, public. Dr. Reid on the construction 

of, in reference to sound, 1835, 14. 
, pubHc, Mr. Shand on peculiarities 

with regard to sound in, 1840, 52. 
Bunter sandstone of Dumfriesshire, Prof. 

Harkness on the position of the footsteps 

in the, 1850, 83. 
Buoy, Gresham, for recording the loss of 

missing ships at sea, J. Gresham on the, 

1858, 219. 
Burdie House limestone, D. Page on the, 

1855, 91. 
Bursaria, Prof. Allman on the structure of, 

1853, 65. 
leuca, Prof. Allman on the occurrence 

of peculiar organs resembling thread-cells 

in, 1854, 105. 
Butterflies, British, on the distribution of, 

by H. T. Stainton, 1859, 156. 
Butter-tree of Africa, notice of the, 1846, 

■90- . 
Buttneriaceae, Sir R. Schomburgk on Lightia 

lemniscata, a new genus of, 1844, 71. 
Butyro-limnodic acid, J. S. Brazier on, 
1852, 35. 

Cable, Atlantic, on diminishing the strain 

by an elastic regulator, by C. Brooke, 

1857, 180. 
, electric, on the discharge of a coiled, 

by Prof. W. Thomson, 1859, 26. 
Cables, electric, on the submersion of, by 

J. Maclean, 1858, 215. 
, long submarine, on the retardation 

of signals through, by P. Jenkin, 1859, 

251. 
, submarine telegraphic, H. Conybeare 

on apparatus for laying down, 1858, 

209, 
, telegraphic, on constructing and lay- 
ing, by J. Mackintosh, 1858, 214. 
Cadmacetite, on the optical properties of, 

by W. Haidinger, 1855, 11. 
Cajcidae, on peculiarities of growth in, by 

P. P. Carpenter, 1857, 102. 
Calc-spar, on rings seen in viewing a light 

through fibrous specimens of, 1860, 

19. 
Calcareous spar, unequal expansion of, when 

heated, 1837, 44. 
Calceola sandalina, a British fossil, 1839, 

69. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



219 



Calcium, fluoride of, Dr. Or. Wilson on the 
extent to which it is soluble in water at 
60°F., 1846, 38; 1850,68. 

, pentasulphate of, as a means of pre- 
venting and destroying the grape disease, 
1853, 46. 

and strontium prepared in the form 

of metallic reguli, by Dr. Matthiessen, 
1855, 66. 

Calculating instrument invented by M. Slo- 
nimski, H. Knight on a, 1849, 118. 

machine, Colmar's, 1854, i. 

machine, Fowler's, 1840, 55; 1841, 39. 

machine. Rev. H. Moseley's, 1841, 

35- 

machine, Messrs, Scheiitz's, H. P. 

Babbage on mechanical notation as exem- 
plified in, 1855, 203. 

Calculi, Dr. Houston on M'Clean's instru- 
ment for the removal of, 1843, 81. 

Calculus, cases of, treated by lithotrity. 
Dr. Costello on, 1839, 109. 

Calculus, Icosian, Sir W. R. Hamilton on 
the, 1857, 3. 

, integral, H. P. Talbot on the, 1836, i. 

of principal relations. Sir W. R. 

Hamilton on the, 1836, 4, 41. 

of differences. Sir W. R. Hamilton on 

a theorem in the, 1843, 2. 
of probabilities. Sir W. R. Hamilton 

on some investigations connected with 

the, 1843, 3. 

of variations. Prof. Lindelof on the, 

1859, 5. 

Caledonians, on the ethnology and hiero- 
glyphics of the, by Col. J. Forbes, 1859, 
178. 

Calico, Mr. Mercer on a method of con- 
tracting the fibres of, and of obtaining on 
it thus prepared, colours of much bril- 
liancy, 1851, 51. 

Calico-printing, on the ageing of mordants 
in, by Walter Cram, 1859, 258. 

Callidium bajulum. Rev. L. Jenyns on tim- 
ber attacked by the larvae of, 1847, 85. 

CalHopcea, species of, discovered in Britain, 
1843, 73. 

Callitriche, Dr. Lankester on the epidermal 
appendages of the genus, 1850, 113. 

Calorific effects of magneto-electricity, J. P. 
Joule on the, 1843, 33. 

Calorimeter, new. Dr. Ure on a, 1839, 20. 

Calorimotor for igniting gases in eudiome- 
trical experiments, and gunpowder in 
rock-blasting, Dr. Hare on a, 1836, 45. 

Calothrix nivea. Dr. Lankester on the oc- 
currence of, at Cove, Ireland, 1843, 77. 

Calotypes, Sir D. Brewster on an improve- 
ment in the method of taking, 1845, 
10. 

Calurus peruvianus, 1837, 97. 

Calycophyllum Stanleyanum, Sir R. Schom- 
burgk on the, 1844, 71. 

Cambrian rocks of Bray Head and Howth, 
on the zoological relatio:is of the, by Prof. 
Kinahan, 1857, 75. 



Cambrian rocks of the Longmynd, on some 
fossils from the, by J. W. Salter, 1855, 

95- 

and Silurian systems. Rev. Prof. Sedg- 
wick and Sir R. I. Murchison on the, 
1835, 59. 

Cambridge University, statistics of, 1838, 
170. 

Camera, photographic, improvement in the, 
by Sir D. Brewster, 1849, 5. 

, binocular. Sir D. Brewster on a, 1849, 

, binocular, manifold, A. Claudet on a, 

1852, 6. 
obscura and other apparatus used in 

making daguerreotype drawings. Sir D. 

Brewster's account of the, 1840, 9. 
, Sir D. Brewster on the size of the 

lens, 1852, 5. 
, solar, A. Claudet on the principles of 

the, 1860, 62. 
Camp, Roman, at Ardoch, Col. Sir H. James 

on the, 1859, 183. 
Campanularia fastigiata, a new zoophyte, 

J. Alder on, 1859, 142. 
Camphor, solid and liquid, from the Dryo- 

balanops camphora. Dr. De Vrij on, 1851, 

Canal through the Isthmus of Suez, on the 

proposed, 1857, 199. 
lock, new, Mr. Smith on a, 1840, 

210. 
Canals, Mr. Smith on propelling boats on, 

1840, 209 ; 1844, 98. 
, Prof. Kelland on the motion of a 

wave in, 1840, 51. 
, T. Birmingham on the advantages of 

turning them into railways, 1844, 97. 
Cancerous diseases, R. Carmichael on, 1836, 

112. 
Candles, made of the oily secretion of the 

Shea butter-tree of Africa, 1846, 90. 
Canis jubatus of South America, Col. Sykes 

on, 1838, 104. 
Canna indica, W. T. luff's experiments on 

the roots of the, as to their value in an 

economical point of view, 1847, 85. 
Cannon, on the bursting of, by S. Smith, 

1858,221. 

, rifled, Capt. Blakeley on, 1860, 201. 

Canoes, ancient, found at Glasgow, J. Bu- 
chanan on, 1855, 80. 
Caoutchouc, liquid, on some peculiarities 

discovered in, by Prof. Archer, 1854, 96. 

, Prof. Royle on, 1836, 105. 

, W. Brockedon on vulcanized, 1846, 

113- 
Capillary attraction, instrument to illustrate 

the effects of, 1831-32, 85. 
Carbazotic acid. Prof. F. C. Calvert on the 

physiological properties of, 1854, 65. 
Carbon, atomic weight of, 1839, 49. 
, H. C. Sorby on the tetramorphism of, 

1850, 62. 
, R. Rigg on the formation or secretion 

of, by animals, 1844, 33. 



220 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Carbon, Ecv. T. Exley on the specific gravity 
of tlie vapour of, 1838, 64. 

and hydrogen, Prof. E. Davy on a new 

gaseous compound of, 1837, 50. 

and hydrogen, W. Maugham on a new- 
compound of, 1838, 72. 

and iron, Dr. Bromeis on the com- 
pounds of, 1842, 34. 

and potassium. Prof. E. Davy on a 

compound of, 1836, 63. 

Carbonate of ammonia, commercial, Mr. 
Scanlan on the constitution of, 1838, 

63- 
of zinc. El. W. Fox on the production 

of a horizontal vein of, 1838, 90. 
Carbonates, alkaKne, Prof. Draper on their 

decomposition by the light of the sun, 

1843, 33. 

in blood, Prof. Mulder on the pre- 
sence of, 1850, 57. 

Carbonic acid. Dr. Dalton on its non-pro- 
duction by plants, 1837, 58. 

acid, E. Addams on solidifying, 1838, 

70. 

acid in the atmosphere, H. H. Watson 

on the quantity of, 1834, 583. 

acid thrown off from the lungs, Mr. 

M'Gregor's experiments on, 1840, 87. 

acid gas. Prof. Draper on the decom- 
position of, and the alkaline carbonates, 
by the light of the sun, 1843, 33. 

acid gas in deteriorated atmospheres, 

C. T. Coathupe on apparatus for deter- 
mining the quantity of, 1839, 63. 

. r acid gas emitted by a brine-spring, 

Prof. Forbes on, 1838, 28. 

Carboniferous and Devonian systems of 
Westphalia, Sir E. I. Murchison on the, 
1839, 72. 

and oolitic systems in Yorkshire, pe- 
culiar character of, 1831-32, 56. 

deposits of France and Grermany, Sir 

E. I. Murchison on lines of dislocation 
between the lower and upper, 1850, 96. ^ 

limestone, lower, in the neighbour- 
hood of Cork, Prof. Harkness on the 
jointing and dolomitization of the, 1857, 
68. 

limestone fossils from the county of 

Limerick, W. H. Baily on, 1857, 62. 

series of Ireland, Sir E. Griffith on the 

lower members of the, 1852, 46. 

series of Ireland, on the relations of 

the rocks at or below the base of the, 
by Sir E. Griffith, 1857, 66. 

system of Eussia, Sir E. I. Murchison 

on the, 1840, 107. 

Carburets, metallic. Dr. Brown on the arti- 
ficial crystallization of, 1839, 39. 

Carcharias megalodon of the red crag, J. S. 
Bowerbank on the dimensions of, 1851, 

54- 

megalodon. Prof. Owen on the teeth 

of, 1838, 141. 

Cardamiue sylvatica (Link) new to the En- 
glish flora, 1839, 92. 



Cardinia (Agassiz), H. E. Strickland on the 
genus, as characteristic of the lias forma- 
tion, 1841, 65. 

Cardium edule (common cockle), on the 
composition of the shell of, by Dr. T. L. 
Phipson, 1859, 77. 

Cardona salt-mine, on the, 1837, 72. 

Carduus setosus, British, 1844, 72. 

Carocolla filomarginata, 1837, 100. 

Carriages, J. Buchanan on a new locking 
apparatus for, 1844, 98. 

Carrot, wild, on the varieties of the, by 
Prof. E. Forbes, 1849, 70. 

Cartesian theory of analytic geometry, A. J. 
Ellis on the, 1855, 5. 

Cartilage and bone, P. Eedfem on the con- 
nexion between, 1853, 71. 

Caryophyllin, Dr. L. Playfair on the com- 
position and characters of, 1842, 36. 

Caseine, on, and a method of determining 
sulphur and phosphorus in organic 
compounds in one operation, by Prof. 
Voelcker, 1855, 73. 

, on the comparative action of hydro- 
cyanic acid on albumen and, by A. Gages, 
1859, 162. 

Catalepsy, irregular intermittent tetanic, 
Dr. W. Camps on a case of, 1855, 121. 

Catalytic action, J. Mercer on some pecu- 
liar instances of (so called), 1842, 32. 

Cataract, Sir D. Brewster on the cause, pre- 
vention, and cure of, 1836, iii. 

, capsular, E. Middlemore on the treat- 
ment of, 1839, 96. 

Catenicella, observations on the genus, by 
G. Busk, 1850, iiS. 

Caterpillars, J. Dennistoun on a tissue spun 
by, 1850, 123. 

Cattle, wild, of Chillingham Park, J. Hind- 
marsh on the, 1838, 100. 

Caustic, Dr. E. D, Thomson on nitrate of 
silver as a, 1838, 132. 

potass, E. Mallet on the chemical 

action of light on, 1838, 61. 

Caustics produced by reflexion. Prof. Lin- 
delof on the, 1860, 14. 

produced by two mirrors in rotation. 

Prof. Anderson on the, 1845, 9. 

Cavendish's experiment respecting the pro- 
duction of nitric acid, Dr. Daubeny on, 
1846, 38. 

Caverns in the island of Eathlin and adjoin- 
ing coast of Antrim, T. Andrews on, 1834, 
660. 

in the various limestone rocks of 

Canada, Dr. G. D. Gibb on the, 1859, 
106. 

of Pommier, San Domingo, Sir E. 

Schomburgk on the picture-writings of 
the, 1851, 90. 

containing bones, near the Giant's 

Causeway, J. Bryce on, 1834, 658. 

, ossiferous, at Oreston, near Plymouth, 

W. Pengelly on the, 1859, 121. 

, ossiferous, at Oreston, on the origin 

of the, by H. C. Hodge, 1859, no. 



SECTIONS. — INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



J^21 



Caves in the valley of Mitchelstown, notes 

of a visit to, by Dr. E. P. Wright, 1857, 

io8. 
Cecidomyia tritici, Eev. Prof. Henslow on, 

1841, 72. 
Cell-development, pathological, Dr. Gaird- 

ner on, 1850, 131. 
Cells, Prof. Henfrey on the development of, 

1846, 90. 
, on the physiology of, in relation to 

consciousness and adaptive movements, 

by Dr. T. Laycock, 1854, no. 
, epidermal, of the petals of plants, 

T.Weston the, 1858, 119. _ 
, epithelial, of the small intestines, on 

a peculiar structure discovered in the, by 

Prof. KoUiker, 1855, 126. 
, ferment-, in the warm-water flax steep, 

Prof. Allman on the development of, 

1852, 64. 
of plants, Dr. Allman on the mathe- 
matical relations of the forms of the, 

1835, 79. 

Cellular matter or "woody fibre" in vege- 
table food-stuffs, T. Segelcke on the cur- 
rent methods for estimating the, 1859, 79. 

Celtae in Scotland, D. Wilson on the evi- 
dence of the existence of primitive races 
prior to the, 1850, 142. 

Cement, metallic, from iron ore, Mr. Mushet 
on, 1836, 65. 

Census of Great Britain in 1851, E. Cheshire 
on the results of the, 1853, 98. 

Centaurea nigra and C. nigrescens, Eev. 
Prof. Ilenslow on the specific identity of, 
1856, 87. 

Centrifugal pump, J. G. Appold on a, 1849, 
no. 

Cephalaspis, fossil, Prof. Jameson on the, 
1834, 646. 

Ceratopteris thalictroides. Prof. Allman on 
a peculiarity in the structure of the sto- 
mataof, 1847, 81. 

Cerealia and other edibles of India and 
England, prices of the, compared, by Col. 
Sykes, 1847, 107. 

Cerebellum, H. Carlile on remarkable mal- 
formations of the, 1837, 113. 

Cerebral nerves. Dr. M. Hall and Mr, 
Broughton on the sensibilities of the, 

1836, 125. 

Cerium, Prof. Mosander's experiments on, 

1843, 25. 
Cesspools, on the alkaline emanations from, 

by Dr. Odling, 1856, 57. 
Cetacea, Dr. A. Jacob on the mammary 

glands in the, 1835, 86. 
Cevadilla ( Veratrum officinale, Schiede), Dr. 

Schiede on, 1835, 77. 
Chabasie, Prof. Johnston on the cause of 

the optical properties of, 1835, 44. 
Chalcedony, on a remarkable specimen of, 

by Sir D. Brewster, 1859, 245. 
Chalk, Eev. Dr. Buckland on the action of 

acidulated waters on the surface of the, 

1839, 76. 



Chalk formation, on the origin of siliceous 
deposits in the, by J. S. Bowerbank, 1856, 

-— of the valley of the Seine in Nor- 
mandy, Sir C. Lyell on ancient sea-cliffs 
and needles in the, 1840, iii. 

, white, of the S.E. of England, E. 

Godwin- Austen on the occurrence of a 
boulder of granite in the, 1857, 62. 

, on the forms of Diatomaceai found in, 

by Eev. E. O'Meara, 1857, 97. 

flints and oolitic fossils from the 

boulder-clay in Caithness, on, 1850, 

93- 
Chameleon, on the habits and instincts of 

the, by W. E. C. Nourse, 1859, 153. 
Channels, chock, Captain Couch's, Sir W. 

S. Harris on, 1841, 102. 
Charcoal, Dr. G. Bird on poisoning by the 

vapours of burning, 1839, 10 1. 
, animal, on the commercial analysis 

of, by Prof. Voelcker, 1858, 68. 
, mineral. Prof. Harkness on, 1854, 

86. 
Charitable institutions and workhouses, 

aphoristic notes on sanitary statistics of, 

by Dr. Eoth, 1856, 149. 
Charities, public, in London, J. Fletcher's 

historical account of the ancient system of, 

1845, 88. 
Charts of declination, magnetic, S. Beswick 

on a method for computing, 1850, 3. 
— — of the stars, &c., on the application of 

Col. Sir H. James's geometrical projec- 
tion of two-thirds of the sphere to the 

construction of, 1859, 183. 
— — -, wind and current, of the North At- 
lantic, Lieut. Maury on, 1848, 34. 
Cheese, Prof. Yoelcker on poisonous metals 

in, 1860, 73. 
Cheirotherium, on its footsteps in the stone 

quarries of Storeton Hill, 1838, 85. 
Chemical abacus, notice of a, 1839, 65. 

action. Dr. Andrews on the influence 

of voltaic combination on, 1838, 69. 

action, restrained, E. A. Parnell on, 

1841, 51. 

action, of the dry gases, effect of sun- 
light in modifying the, 1850, 65. 

action of the solar rays. Sir J. F. W. 

Herschel on the, 1839, 9. 

action, E. Hunt on the influence of 

light in preventing, 1848, 54. 

action of light, photochemical re- 
searches with reference to the laws of, by 
Prof. Bunsen and Prof. Eoscoe, 1855, 
48. 

affmity, Eev. T. Exley on, 1844, 

39- 

cause of change in the composition of 

rocks. Prof. Johnston on a, 1853, 52. 

changes produced by the solar rays, 

E. Hunt on the, 1845, 29. 

■ character of steel, 1848, 57. 

combination, Dr. T. Woods on, and 

on the amount of heat produced by the 



222 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



combination of several metals with oxygen, 
1852, 39. 

Chemical combinations, R. Hunt on the in- 
fluence of light on, 1843, 35. 

■■ combinations, Rev. T. Exley on the 
laws of, 1838,^68 ; 1848, 50. 

composition, Dr. Schafhaeutl on the 

relation of form to, 1840, 65. 

composition of brittle cast iron, Prof. 

W. A. MUler on the, 1848, 55. 
composition of the waters of the Clyde, 

Dr. S. Macadam on the, 1855, 64. 
composition of some iron ores called 

"brass," E. C. Nicholson and Dr. D. S. 

Price on the, 1855, 66. 

composition of some minerals from 

Norway, by D. Forbes, 1854, 67. " 

compound, new. Dr. Apjohn on a, 

1837, 48. 

compounds in the gaseous form, table 

of, 1838, 65, 66, 67. 

compounds, R. Hunt on the influence 

of light on, 1844, 35. 

compounds, table of the varieties of, 

with their elements and specific gravities 
in the form of gas or vapour, 1836, 53. 

elements, J. J. Coleman on some re- 
markable relations existing between the 
atomic weights, atomic volumes, and pro- 
perties of the, 1860, 66. 

— — equivalents, Prof. Stevelly on the ap- 
plication of a vernier to Wollaston's scale 
of, 1834, 596. 

examination of some alloys of copper 

and zinc, by D. Forbes, 18-54, 67. 

experiments, by Dr. Hare, 1838, 39. 

facts connected with the tessellated 

pavements at Cirencester, Prof. Buckman 
on some, 1850, 48. 

families, J. Mercer on the relation of 

the atomic weights of the elements of, 

1858, 57 ; on the atomic weights of the 
elements of six families, 59-63. 

geology, T. S. Hunt on some points in, 

1860, 83. 

inquiries, Rev. Prof Powell on appa- 
ratus for applying circular polarization 
to, 1842, 32. 

manufactures of Glasgow, Prof. T. 

Thomson on the, 1840, 58. 

nomenclature of Berzelius, Dr. R. 

Hare on the, 1836, 44. 

philosophy, N. S. Maskelyne on the 

bearings of photography on, 1847, 56. 

photometer, new, M. Niepce on a, 

1859, 260. 

principles involved in the rotation of 

crops, Dr. Daubeny on the, 1845, 33. 

products, new, Gr. Lowe on, 1834, 582. 

processes, Prof. F. Barker on some, 

1835, 52. 

symbols, Dr. Dalton on, 1836, 77. 

theory of volcanic phenomena, Dr. 

Daubeny on the, 1836, 81. 

constitution of the Humber deposits, 

J. D. Sollitt on the, 1863, 49. 



Chemical and medicinal properties of car- 
bonized peat moss, J. W. Rogers on the, 
1857, 58. 

Chemistry, Rev. T. Exley on important 
facts obtained mathematically in, 1836, 
50. 

, agricultvu-al, in relation to the mineral 

theory of Baron Liebig, J. B. Lawes and 
Dr. J. H. Gilbert on, 1851, 45. 

, agricultural, on some points connected 

with, by J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gil- 
bert, 1856, 172. 

, agricultural, experiments on, by Dr. 

Daubeny, 1847, 82. 

of foetal life, Prof. Schlossberger on 

the, 1855, 135. 

, organic, Dr. Kemp on a natural sys- 
tem of, 1845, 31. 

Chemnitzia rufescens. Prof. Forbes on, 1845, 
66. 

Chest, A. Maclaren on the influence of ex- 
ercise on the expansion of the, 1860, 
142. 

Chick in ovo, on some discoveries relative 
to the, by F. R. Horner, 1853, 68. 

Children, Dr. Duncan on a peculiar form 
of epidemic affecting the teeth and gums 
of, 1845, 82. 

, Mr. Wiffgles worth on the mortality 

of, 1846, 100. 

Chimjera, Prof, Owen on the tooth of the, 
1838, 140. 

Chimneys, on a lightning conductor for, by 
J. Nasmyth, 1854, 158. 

Chinese arithmetic, on, 1852, i. 

astronomy, J. B. Lindsay on, 1859, 

35- 
and Indo-Chinese nation. Dr. Latham 

on the ethnography of the, 1845, 77. 
Chirocephalus (Prevost) and Branchipus 

(Schffiffer), Dr. Baird on, 1847, 74. 
Chloride of calcium, gradual reduction of 

hydrate of cresyl into hydrate of phenyl 

and other compounds through the agency 

of, by Dr. Gladstone, 1860, 69. 
of copper, basic, Dr. G. Bird on the 

artificial formation of, 1838, 56. 

of lime. Prof. T. Thomson on its 

manufactm'e in Glasgow, 1840, 59. 

of soda. Dr. Graves on its use in fever, 

1835, 104. 

of sodium and nitrate of baryta, when 

equivalent proportions of, are mixed to- 
gether in solution and diifused, four salts 
exist contemporaneously in the liquid, 
by Dr. Gladstone, 1860, 69. 

Chlorine, Dr. A. P. Price on determining 
the amount of, contained in hypochlo- 
rites of lime, soda, or potash, 1853, 
48. 

, Rev. T. Exley on the specific gravity 

of, 1838, 64. 

Chloro-arsenious acid and some of its com- 
pounds, Dr. W. Wallace on, 1858, 69. 

Chloroform, Dr. C. Kidd on the nature of 
death from, 1860, 136. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



223 



Clilorofonn, notice of an instrument for the 

local application of, 1857, 115. 
, on a new method of administering, by 

M. le Baron Heurteloup, 1857, 51. 
Choanites Konigi (fossil sponge), W. Cun- 

nington on a peculiarity in the structure 

of the, 1848, 67. 
Konigi, on the spiral body of the, 1863, 

51- 

Cholera, Dr. Mackintosh on, 1837, 107. 

, Dr. E. D. Thomson on Mr. Farr's 

law of recovery and mortality in, 1838, 
126. 

, Asiatic, Dr. W. H. Crook on a sup- 
posed connexion between an insufficient 
use of salt in food and the progress of, 
1848, 88. 

in the Indian armies. Dr. C. Finch 

on the prevalence and mortality of, 1850, 
161. 

Chromatic dispersion, M. Ponton on the 
laws of, 1860, 16. 

properties of the electric light of mer- 
cury, Dr. J. H. Gladstone on the, 1860, 

13- 

Chromatype, a new photographic process, 
R. Hunt on, 1843, 34. 

Clu*omic acid, pure, on the economical pre- 
paration of, by Dr. Dalzell, 1859, 68. 

Cluromoscope, J. Smith on the, 1860, 65. 

Chronometer, new compensating balance for, 
byE. J. Dent, 1842, 10. 

with a glass balance-spring, by E. J. 

Dent, 1834, 595. 

springs, E. J. Dent on the rate of pro- 
tected, 1842, 9. 

Chronometers, E. J. Dent on the application 
of a coating of gold to the steel balance- 
springs of, 1841, 41. 

, E. J. Dent on the application of a 

glass balance-spring to, 1833, 421. 

, E. J. Dent on the effects of tempera- 
ture on the regulators of, 1838, 3 5. 

, J. G". Ulrich on improvements in, 

1847,42. 

• , on the variation in the rates of, by J. 

Hartnup, 1854, 20. 

Chronometry, natural, C. Babbage on a 
method of, 1835, 6. 

Chu ma (grass-cloth of India), Dr. H. 
Cleghorn on the, 1850, 112. 

Churchyards, J. E. Bowman on the anti- 
quity of planting the yew in, 1836, 

lOI. 

Cilia and ciliary currents of the oyster. Rev. 

J. B. Reade on the, 1845, 66. 
Ciliary motion, P. Duncan on the nature 

of, 1853, 66. 
Ciliograda, British, Prof. E. Forbes and 

J. Goodsir on the, 1839, 85; 1840, 

141. 
, Prof. E. Forbes on the genera or 

species of, which have been founded upon 

Beroe cucumis, 1849, 76. 
Ciliogrades, J. Price on the embryogeny of, 

1846, 86. 



Cimbri, some notice of the, by Rev. R. 

Williams, 1845, 81. 
Cimex hirundinis and C. pipistrelli, notice 

of, by Rev. L. Jenyns, 1838, 104. 
Cinchona, on Matias bark as a substitute for, 

by Dr. Mackay, 1840, 160. 
, V. Hurtado on the geographical dis- 
tribution of, and trade in the, 1860, 

162. 
Cineras vittata of Leach, C. W. Peach on 

the, 1845, 65. 
Circle, astronomical. Rev. Dr. Robinson on 

determining the index error of an, by re- 
flexion of the wires of its telescope, 1843, 

1 6. 
Circulating organs in diving animals. Dr. 

J. Houston on the, 1835, 81. 
Cirropteron, Sars, Dr. Allman on the genus, 

1843, 77. 
Cistern, Kosman's, as a sanitary machine, 

Mr. Wood on, 1849, 134. 
Citric, tartaric, and oxalic acids. Prof. F. 0. 

Calvert on their action on cotton and 

flax fibres, 1854, 65. 
Civilization, human, on the geographical 

distribution of animals in connexion with 

the progress of, 1852, 78. 
, on the influence of domestic animals 

on the progress of, 1860, 155. 
, on the relation of the domesticated 

animals to, by J. Crawfurd, 1859, 177. 
■ , T. Bazley on trade and commerce as 

the auxiliaries of, 1858, 169. 
Classification of animals. Prof. J. R. Greene 

on embryology in reference to the, 1860, 

■ in the animal kingdom. Prof. Agassis 

on the principles of, 1835, 67. 

, Prof. V. Carus on the value of de- 
velopment in, 1860, 125. 

Claudet's photographometer, 1849, 3 5. 

Clay, boulder-, Hugh Miller on scratched 
pebbles and fossil specimens from the, 
and on chalk flints and ooUtic fossils from 
the, in Caithness, 1850, 93. 

formation, plastic, of Poole, Rev. W. 

D. Clarke on the, 1837, 93. 

, great brown, of the neighbourhood of 

Cambridge, Rev. Prof. Sedgwick on the, 
1845, 43. 

land, the larch recommended for cul- 
tivation in, 1838, 119. 

, London, Prof. Agassiz on the fishes of 

the, 1846, 52. 

, London, Rev. Prof. Henslow on no- 
dules from the, 1845, 51. 

, London, Rev. Prof. Henslow on the 

detritus derived from the, and deposited 
in the red crag, 1847, 64. 

, London, of Sheppey, J. S. Bowerbank 

on the remains of a gigantic bird from 
the, 1851, 55. 

Clay-slate and gritstone, on their altera- 
tion into mica-schist and gneiss by the 
granite of Wicklow, by J. B. Jukes, 1856, 
68. 



224 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Clays, pleistocene, of Stratheden, Fifeshire, 

D. Page on the skeleton of a seal from 

the, 1858, 103. 
Cleavage of the Devonians of the south of 

Ireland, Profs. Harkness and Blyth on 

the, 1855, 82. 
planes, E. Hopkins on the polarity of, 

their conducting-power, and their influ- 
ence on metalliferous deposits, 1848, 69. 

, slaty, H. C. Sorby on, 1857, 92. 

, slaty, Kev. Prof. Haughton on a model 

illustrative of, 1857, 69. 
Clegg's new safety lamp, notice of, 1840, 

210. 
Cleland (Dr.), statistics of Glasgow, 1836, 

140. 
Cliff's dry gas-meter, Mr. Samuda on, 

1838, 158. 
Cliffs, ancient, and needles in the chalk of 

the valley of the Seine in Normandy, Sir 

C. Lyellon, 1840, III. 
Climate, on the relative distribution of land 

and water as affecting, by Prof. Hennessy, 

1856, 66. 

, Dr. Forchhammer on sea-water, and 

the effects of variation in its currents on, 

1846, 51. 
• of the Albion Mines, Nova Scotia, 

Col. Sykes on the, 1854, 35. 
• of British Guiana, P. Sandeman on the, 

1859, 52. 
— — of England, H. Fairbairn on the 

changes in the, 1842, 26. 

of Hull, W. Lawton on the, 1853, 27. 

■ ■ of Ireland, Eev. Dr. Lloyd on the, 

1852, 26. 
»— — of Ireland, on the influence of the 

Gulf-stream on the, by Prof. Hennessy, 

1857, 132. 

of London, the mean year, or solar 

variation, through the seasons, of the ba- 
rometer in the, by Luke Howard, 1844, 14. 

of Nice, Col. Sykes on the, 1854, 34. 

of the vaUey of the Nile, T. S. Wells 

on the, 1850, 45. 

of North America, Dr. Daubeny on 

the, 1838, 29. 

of Orkney, Rev. C. Clouston on the, 

1859, 48. 
of Southampton, Dr. J. Drew on the, 

1854, 29. 

of Torquay and South Devon, E. 

Vivian on the, 1856, 48. 

— — of Western India, Dr. Buist on the, 

1851, 29. 
within the tropics, on the variations 

of, 1853, 91. 
Climates of France, Dr. C. Martins on the, 

1850, 46. 
of the Antarctic regions, Capt. Maury 

on the, 1860, 46. 
, tropical, Prof. Piazzi Smyth on a mode 

of cooling the air of rooms in, 1850, 188. 
, tropical, Prof. Raukine's remarks on 

Prof. Smyth's mechanical process for cool- 
ing air in, 1852, iz8. 



Clock, astronomical, M. Bessel on the, 

1842, I. 

, astronomical. Rev. Dr. Robinson on 

the barometric compensation of the pen- 
dulum of the, 1843, 17. 

, polar, Prof. Wheatstone's description 
of the, 1848, 11. 

movement, and new mode of sus- 
pending the pendulum, by Mr. L. Cooke, 

1843, 10 1. 

Clocks, ordinary, J. Hartnup on controlling 
their movements by galvanic currents, 
1857, 13. 

, E. J. Dent on the effects of tempera- 
ture on the regulators of, and improve- 
ments in pendulums, 1838, 35. 

, E. J. Dent on the rate of a compen- 
sating pendulum, 1842, 10. 

Clockwork, on apparatus by wliich tlie 
influx and efflux of the tide are rendered 
available as agents for effecting the mo- 
tions of, by R. Roberts, 1849, 128. 

Cloth, grass-, of India, Dr. H. Cleghorn on 
the, 1850, 112. 

, incombustible, J. Latto on, 1849, 33. 

Clouds at Makerstoun, T. Hopkins on the 
daily formation of, 1850, 36. 

— — , J. Nasmyth on the application of the 
law of definite proportions to the stratifi- 
cation of, 1842, 26. 

, Rev. Dr. Whewell on measuring the 

height of, 1846, 15. 

, on the nomenclature of, 1833, 460, 

— — , Prof. Stevelly on the nature and 
origin of, 1834, 564. 

Clupeada}, Coregoni, and Salmonidae, Dr. 
Knox on the natural and economic his- 
tory of certain species of the, 1846, 79. 

Cnicus tuberosus at Avebury Hills, Prof. 
J. Buckman on the finding of, 1857, 95. 

Coal, anthracite, G. Crane on the smelting 
of iron with, 1837, 52. 

, anthracite, Mr. Player on its applica- 
tion at the Gwendraeth iron-works, 1839, 
130. 

basin. South Welsh, G. P. Bevan on 

the marine shell-bed of the, 1858, 80. 

basin, South Welsh, between the Yale 

of Neath and Carmarthen Bay, Mr. Logan 
on the, 1837, 83. 

and iron trade of the .west of Scot- 
land, on the progress, extent, and value 
of the, by Dr. J. Strang, 1855, 193. 

Coal-burning without smoke, by the method 

of steam-inducted air-currents, by D. K. 

Clark, 1859, 230 
, combustion of, and prevention of 

smoke, W. Fairbairn on the, 1842, 107 ; 

C. W. Williams on the, 1842, 108. 

deposits in West Virginia, Prof. 

Buckman on the, 1854, 78. 

deposits of England and Wales, Dr. 

W. H. Crook on the unity of the, 1837, 

75- 
— — deposits of the Asturias, S. P. Pratt on 
the, 1845, 49. 



SECTIONS.-^INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Coal district of South Lancashire, J. Hey- 
wood on the geology of the, 1837, 77. 

— - districts of Ireland, E. Griffith on the, 
1852, 47. 

Coal-field, Lancashii*e, E. W. Binnet on the, 
1842,49. 

— — , Lesmahago and Douglas, in Lanark- 
shire, J. Bryce on the, 1850, 77. 

, Nova Scotia, on the occurrence of a 
land-shell and reptiles in the, by J. W. 
Dawson, 1859, 102. 

— — of Berwick and North Durham, D. 
Milne on the, 1838, 76. 

— of Newcastle, J. Buddie on the, 1838,74. 
■ of Pennsylvania, bituminous, H. Phil- 
lips on the, 1837, 96. 

of Scotland, on the Mushet band of 

the, 1846, 62. 

of South Wales, W. P. Struv6 on the, 

1848, 75- 

, South Staffordshire, on the relations 
between the new red sandstone, the coal- 
measures, and the Silurian rocks of the, 
by J. B. Jukes, 1849, 55. 

, Tynedale, on the, 1860, 86. 

— '^ — , Warwickshire, C. Twamley on a sin- 
gular fault in the southern termination 
of the, 1853, 62. 

Coal-fields of America, Prof. H. D. Rogers 
on the, 1848, 74. 

of Berwickshire, D. Milne on the, 

1834, 629. 

of New South Wales and Van Diemen's 

Land, R M'Coy on the plants of the, 
1847,64. 

, North Staffordshire, on fossil fish from 

the, 1860, 88. 

of Scotland, Lord Q-reenock on the, 

1834, 639. 

Coal-formation of Nova Scotia, J. W. Daw- 
son on the fossils of the, 1855, 81. 

•— — formation of the west of Scotland, 
J. Craig on the, 1840, 89. 

Coal-gas, on the combustion of, 1831-32, 
88. 

— — , R. Mallet on phenomena of flame 
from, 1835, 49. 

the cheapest fuel for cooking, 1838, 

159- 
Coal-measures of South Wales, on the che- 
mical composition of some iron ores called 
" brass," in the, by E. C. Nicholson and 
Dr. D. S. Price, 1855, 66. 

— in Queen's county, Ireland, W. H. 
Baily on two new species of Crustacea 
(Bellinurus, Konig) from the, 1858, 76. 

— of West Lancashire, W. C. William- 
son on the, 1837, 81. 

Coal-mines, J. Nasmyth on a steam-fan for 

the ventilation of, 1851, 116. 
— — , on a machine for ventilating, by W. 

Brunton, 1849, iii. 
, on Gordon's plan of ventilating, by 

W. Nicholson, 1849, 125. 
, on the working and ventilation of, by 

J. Brakenridge, 1857, 180. 



Coal-mines, on the evolution of gfls itt 
Wallsend colliery, by G. Clarke, 1852, 
124. 

of Belgium, R. Valpy On the, 1846, 

100. 

of the north of England, Prof. AnSted 

on the methods of working and ventilating 
the, 1845, 53. 

Coal-naphtha, Mr. Leigh on a new product 
obtained from, 1842, 39. 

naphtha, on some of the basic con- 
stituents of, by C. G. Williams, 1855, 74. 

Coal strata in Wigan, W. Peace on the 
dislocations of, 1837, 82. 

^— ^ strata of North Staffordshire, with 
reference particularly to their organic re- 
mains, R. Garner and W. Molyneux oa 
the, 1859, 103. 

^■^ — of India, Prof. Ansted on the, 1846, 63. 

of Silesia, Dr. Goppert on the origin 

of the, 1846, 50. 

Torbane-hill and other varieties of, 

Prof. Redfem on the nature of, 1854, 
102. 

, E. R. J. Knowles on the annual con- 
sumption of, and the probable duration 
of the coal-fields, 1846, 105. 

' , on the combustion of, and the preven- 
tion of smoke, by Mr. Williams, 1840, 
199 ; 1842, 108; 

, on the production of sulphurous acid 

gas from the combustion of, by J. Spencd, 
1854, 75. 

, small, and coal-dust, on cementing, 

for fuel, 1838, 85. 

, on the occurrence of peculiar vege- 
table organisms resembling the sporangia 
of Lycopodium, by Prof. Balfour, 1854, 

97- , , . . 

, on some experimental bonngs m 

search of, by Prot Buckman, 1848, 67. 
" , Prof. Boguslawski on the formation 

of, 1847, 66. 
, Prof. Phillips on the microscopic 

structure of, 1842, 47. 
, W. C. Williamson on the origin of, 

1842, 48. 
, S. Benson on the relative position of 

the various qualities of, in the South Wales 

coal-measures, 1848, 65. 
Coal-pit accidents, Capt. J". Addison on, 

1859, 228. 
Coal-pits, E. Bowness on a plan for draw- 
ing up coals without ropes or chains, 

1844, 98. 
Coals, Dr. Ure on the nature of different, 

1839, 20. 
, on some theoretical and practical 

methods of determining the calorific effi- 
ciencies of, by Prof. W. R. Johnson, 

1851, 47. 
, bituminous, on some modified results 

attending the decomposition of, by heat, 

by Dr. Hayes, 1857, 50. 
Coal-tar, W. H. Perkm on the purple dye 

obtained from, 1858, 58. 



226 



SECTIONS.— INDEX OP SUBJECTS. 



Cobalt, ammonio-iodide of, Eer. J. B. 

Keade on, 1857, <6. 
Coccosteus, Hugh Miller on the under jaw 

of the, 1850, 92. 
Cocculus indicus of commerce, Dr. G. A. 

W.-Amott on the, 1834, 597. 
Cochineal, on a simple volumetric process 

for the valuation of, by Prof. Penny, 

1855, 68. 
Cochliodus, Prof. M'Coy on the mode of 

succession of the teeth in, 1852, 55. 
Cocoa leaves, Prof. Johnston on the pro- 
perties and composition of the, 1853, 

43- 
Cocobce, or Arabian leprosy. Dr. Hancock 

on the disease called, 1837, 128. 
Cod, on the structure of the otoliths of the, 



by Prof. Eedfern, 1859,174.. 
/odeii 



Codeine and iodine. Dr. T. Anderson on a 
compound of, 1850, 48. 

Coffee-roasting, E. Davison on, 1849, 115. 

Coke, J. Nasmyth on the diamond-like hard- 
ness of the particles of, 1848, 57. 

Cold, Dr. Oslwrne on its effects on the body, 
1835, 94. 

-, W. S. Ward on the production of, by 

mechanical means, 1852, 131. 

Coleoptera, myrmecophilous. Dr. J. A. Power 
on the, 1858, 129. 

of Old Calabar, A. Murray on the, 

1855, 115. 

Coleopterous insects of Sutherland, J. Wil- 
son on the, 1834, 615. 

Collidine, a new base, of the picoline series, 
1854, 64. 

Collieries, W. P. Struv6 on the ventilation 
of, with description of a new mine- venti- 
lator, 1848, 120. 

at Workington, Eev. Prof. Sedgwick 

on an incursion of the sea into the, 1837, 

75- 

Collieries' Club of Darton, T. Wilson's ac- 
count of the, 1838, 173. 

Colliery, Wallsend, on the evolution of gas 
in, by G. Clarke, 1852, 124. 

Collimator for completing the adjustments 
of reflecting telescopes, by Prof. G. J. 
Stoney, 1856, 30. 

, fixed, G. B. Airy on a question of 
probabilities which occurs in the use of a, 
for the verification of the constancy of 
position of an azimuth circle, 1850, i. 

Collision and impact, Prof. E. Hodgkinson 
on, 1835, 107. 

Collodion, albuminized, W. S. Ward on, 

1856, 58. 

negatives, G. R. Berry on, 1854, 64. 

■ photographs, C. Pooley on engraving, 
by means of fluoric acid gas, 1856, 58. 

. — - plates, albuminized, W. S. Ward on 
the preservation of, 1857, 61. 

CoUyweston slates, Capt. L. L, B. Ibbetson 
and J. Morris on the position of the, 
1847, 127. 

Colmar's (T. de) arithmometer, or calcu- 
lating machine, explanation of, 1854, i. 



Colonial Penny Postage, on the importance 

of a, by Mrs. Fison, 1858, 177. 
Colour in fluor spar. Sir D. Brewster on a 

new phenomenon of, 1838, 10. 
— , J. Smith on the chromoscope, to 

verify certain opinions as to the cause of, 

1860, 65. 

of hsematoxylin. Prof. Erdmann on 

the, 1842, 33. 

— — of lichens, on the, 1841, 53. 

, production of, and the theory of 

light, J. Smith on the, 1859, 22. 

, Sir D. Brewster on the cause of the 

increase of, by the inversion of the head, 
1840, 7. 

Colour-blindness, Dr. J. H. Gladstone on, 
1860, 12. 

— — , on the statistics of, by Prof. G. Wil- 
son, 1859, 228. 

Coloured sectors, rapidly revolving, Prof. 
Stevelly on the occasional distinct vision 
of, 1850, 21. 

Colouring matter, Prof. Erdmann on hsema- 
toxylin as a, 1842, 33. 

matter of the bile, Dr. Thudichum 

on the physiological relations of the, 1860, 
147. 

matters of madder, J. Higgin on the, 

1848, 54. 

Colours, on a singular effect of the juxtaposi- 
tion of, under particular circumstances, 
by Prof. Wheatstone and Sir D. Brewster, 
1844, 10. 

, on the binocular vision of surfaces of 

different, by Sir D. Brewster, 1855, 9. 

, Prof. Stevelly on an instrument for 

whirling cards with coloured sectors on 
them to show the combination of, 1850, 
21. 

— — , Dr. Gladstone on his own perception 
of, 1860, 12. 

, compound, on the theory of, with 
reference to mixtures of blue and yellow 
Hght, by Prof. J. C. MaxweU, 1856, 12. 

, harmonious, in plants and the plu- 
mage of birds. Rev. Prof. J. MKUosh on 
the, 1854, 10 1. 

, homogeneous. Prof. Helmholtz on the 

mixture of, 1853, 5. 

in precious opal. Sir D. Brewster on 

the cause of the, 1844, 9. 

of liquids, R. W. Townsend on an in- 
strument for exhibiting the, by trans- 
mitted light, 1852, 20. 

of natural bodies. Sir D. Brewster on 

the, 1831-32, 547. 

of the spectrum, on the mixture of the, 

by Prof. J. C. Maxwell, 1859, 15. 

of the spectrum. Prof. J. C. Maxwell 

on an instrument for exhibiting any mix- 
ture of the, 1860, 16. 

of the spectrum, Rev. Prof. Challis 

on some facts relating to the composition 
of, 1834, 544. 

of thin plates (Newton's rings), Mr. R. 

Potter, jun. on the, 1831-32, 556. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



n7 



Colours, organic, Dr. Or. Wilson on the in- 
fluence of sunlight over the action of the 
dry gases on, 1850, 65. 

Coluber natrix of Italian authors, living 
specimen of, 1838, 116. 

Colymbus arcticus, occiirrence of, near 
Swansea, 1848, 125. 

Coma, intermittent, Sir D. J. H. Dickson 
on a case of, 1839, 95. 

Comanche Indians, W. Bollaert on the, 

1846, 116. 

Tocabulary, on a, 1846, 117. 

Comatula rosacea, on the occurrence of the 

pentacrinoid larva of, in Lamlash Bay, 

Isle of Arran, by Dr. W. B. Carpenter, 

1855, 107. 
Sarsii, a new species of Echinodermata, 

J. Alder on, 1859, 142. 
Combination, Dr. Ajidrews on the heat of, 

1843, 32. 
Combinations, on a theorem in, by H. M. 

JefFery, 1856, 3. 
Combustible compounds to be used in war, 

J. Mackintosh on the appKcation of, 

1858, 214. 

Combustion, Dr. C. J. B. Williams on the 
phenomena and products of a low form of, 
1834, 588. 

■ , Dr. N. Arnott on the regulation of, 

1847, 47. 

, heat of, J. P. Joule on the electric 

origin of the, 1842, 3 1. 

, spontaneous, A. Booth on, 1841, 50. 

Comet discovered by Brorson in 1846, and 

its reappearance in 1851, Dr. Von Galen 

on the, 1851, 23. 

, Donati's, on, 1858, 28. 

, Halley's, Sir J. F. W. Herschel on, 

1838, 19. 
, Rev. Prof. Powell on De Vico's, 

1849, 2. 
Comets and planets. Sir J. W. Lubbock on 

the calculation of the perturbations of, 

1847, 9. 
in space, on the distribution of the 

orbits of the, by Prof. Mossotti, 1857, 

23. 
, on the constitution of, by Dr. Siljes- 

trom, 1858, 30. 
-- — , Prof. J. C. Adams on the application 

of graphical methods to the determination 

of the perturbations of, 1849, i. 
Cometes (Humming-birds), new species of, 

by J. Gould, 1853, 68. 
Compass, a mechanically adjusted,1854, 151. 
, Baron de Bode's insulated, J. Y. 

Oliver on the, 1845, 16. 
, changes of deviation of the, on board 

iron ships by " heeling," J. T. Towson on, 

1859, 28. 

' in iron steamships, G. B. Airy on 

correcting the local magnetic action of 

the, 1838, 21. 
, on the changes of the action of, in 

iron ships, by Eev. W. Scoresby, 1854, 

49. 



Compass, mariner's, Mr. Bttrick on a, 1835, 

112. 
needle or bar, new, by Rev. W. 

Scoresby, 1836, 28. 
pivots, Capt E. J. Johnson on native 

aUoy for, 1840, 198. 

, Pope's fluid, improved, 1836, 132. 

, portable azimuth, new, E. J. Dent on 

a, 1846, 25. 

, new proportional, on a, 1844, 8 

, proportional, on an improvement in 

the, by Colonel Shortrede, 1859, 63. 
, ship's, E. J. Dent on a method of 

suspending a, 1845, 16. 
Compasses, Capt. E. J. Johnson on the de- 
viations of the, of H. M. steamships 

Ajax and Blenheim, 1851, 8. 
, Capt. E. J. Johnson on placing them in 

iron ships, 1852, 10. 

of iron ships, on, 1854, 49, 53, 55. 

, sea. Rev. T. Dury on, 1841, 27. 

Compounds, on the time required for their 

decomposition, by Dr. T. Woods, 1857, 

61. 
Compressibility of water, on, 1833, 353. 
Concrete, J. I. Hawkins on the formation 

of, 1843, 99. 
Condensation, surface, Dr. J. P. Joule on, 

1859, 236. 
Condenser, multiplying, new, Prof. Svan- 

berg on a, 1846, 31. 
Conductibility of the earth, Prof. Matteucci 

on the, 1850, 56. 
Conduction and induction. Sir G. C. 

Haughton on the nature of, 1847, 27. 
Conductive powers of various substances 

for heat, W. Hopkins on the, 1867, 

70. 
Conductors, metallic, Sir W. S, Harris on 

some remarkable examples of the pro- 
tection afforded by, against heavy strokes 

of hghtning, 1847, 23. 
, electrified spherical. Prof. W. Thom- 
son on the mutual attraction between two, 

1852, 17. 
" Cone-in-cone," on the origin of, by H. C, 

Sorby, 1859, 124. 
Confectionary, coloured, Dr. Macnamara on, 

1857, 55. 
Conferva Unum, Prof. Allman on the struc- 
ture of the endochrome in, 1853, 62. 
— — nivea. Dr. Lankester on, 1840, 144. 
Conglomerates, red, of Torbay, on the 

Beekites found in the, by W. Pengelly, 

1856, 74. 
Congruence na;^n -^ 1 (mod p), J. T. 

Graves on the, 1856, i. 
Congruences, on a particular class of, by 

H. M. Jeffery, 1856, 6. 
Coniferae, Dr. R. Brown on the pluralitjr 

and development of embryos in the seeds 

of, 1834, 596. 
. , fossil, W. Nicol on the structure erf, 

1834, 660; 1835,73. 
Connemara, Prof. Rowney on the analysis 

of some minerals of, 1860, 71. 
q2 



228 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Consciousness and adaptive movements, Dr. 
Laycock on the physiology of cells in re- 
lation to, 1854, no. 

Consumption and ague, Dr. Groshaus on 
the supposed antagonism between, 1847, 

94- 

, pulmonary, Mr. Noble on the influence 

of the factory system in the development 
of, 1842, 96. 

Contagions, Prof. Liebig on, 1840, 72. 

Continuity, Prof. Young on the principle 
of, in reference to certain results of ana- 
lysis, 1846, I. 

Con us, two species of (C. concavus and C. 
cadonensis), in the lias, near Caen, in 
Normandy, Sir C. Lyell on, 1840, no. 

Copper, action of sea-water on, 1841, 77. 

, on the corrosive action of sea-water 

on, by Dr. Percy, 1849, 39. 

and iron, native sulphate of, in Crone- 
bane copper-mine, 1837, 47. 

and zinc, on the chemical examination 

of some alloys of, by D. Forbes, 1854, 
67. 

and zinc, salts of, on the action of sul- 

phm-etted hydrogen on, by Prof. F. C. 
Calvert, 1855, 51. 

, basic chloride of. Dr. G. Bird on its 
artificial formation, 1838, 56. 

containing phosphorus, Dr. Percy on, 

1849, 39. 

, crystallized, E., Mallet on its forma- 
tion in Cronebane copper-mine, 1837, 

47- 

— , metallic, Dr, G. Bird on the formation 
of artificial crystals of, 1837, 46. 

, metallic, Dr. G. Bird on the deposi- 
tion of, 1838, 57. 

, on the effects of mechanical strain on 

the thermo-electric quality of, by Prof. 
W. Thomson, 1855, 17. 

sheathing, J. Prideaux on the causes 

of the increased destructibility of, 1841, 

43- 

— — , sulphato-chloride of, a new mineral, 

Prof. Connell on, 1847, 49. 

vein, R. W. Fox on the electricity of 

a, 1834, 572. 

Coprolite bed near Cambridge, Jlev. J. B. P. 
Dennis on the pterodactyles of the, 1860, 
76. 

Coprolites, pseudo-, of the red crag of 
Felixstow, Rev. Dr. Buckland on the, 
1849, 67. 

Coral rag or middle oolite of the neigh- 
bourhood of Cambridge, Rev. Prof. Sedg- 
wick on the, 1845, 43. 

Corallines, calcareous, two new (Lepralia 
catenata and,L. pectinata), 1844, 65. 

Corals in the lias. Rev. P. B. Brodie on 
the stratigraphical position of certain spe- 
cies of, 1860, 73. 

, on some new species of, in the lias 

of Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, and 
Warwickshire, by Rev. P. B. Brodie, 
1856, 64. 



Cordylophora, a new genus of British zoo- 
phytes. Dr. Allman on, 1843, 77. 

lacustris. Prof. Allman on the repro- 
ductive system of, 1849, 72. 

Coregoni, Clupeadse, and Salmonidas, Dr. 
Knox on the natural and economic his- 
tory of certain species of the, 1846, 79. 

of Scotland, Sir W. Jardine on the, 

1855, III. 

Corixa striata, R, Ball on the sounds emit- 
ted by the, 1845, 64. 

Corks and bungs, W. Brockedon on the 
construction of a new rope employed as 
a core in the formation of the patent stop- 
pers, a substitute for, 1842, 1 12. 

Corn, in France, J. T. Danson on the fluc- 
tuations of the annual supply and average 
price of, 1849, 87. 

markets of the United Kingdom, on 

the diversity of measures in the, by J. T. 
Danson, 1856, 137. 

, on the current price and the cost 

price of, in England, during ten years 
(1843-1854), by J. T. Danson, 1854, 
134. 

, on a moveable granary for preserving, 

1844, 99. 

Cornbrash of Gloucestershire and part of 
Wilts, Prof. Buckman on the, 1853, 
50. 

Cornish coast, marine zoology of the, 1844, 
64. 

engines, duty done by, 1840, 198. 

engines, J. Taylor on the duty of the, 

1837, 133. 

Cornulites, and other allied Silurian fossils, 
J. W. Salter on the structure and rela-r 
tions of, 1845, 57. 

Corrosion of metals by sea-water, Prof. E. 
Davy on, 1835, 34, 36. 

Corymorpha nutans, a new Cornish zoo- 
phyte, 1847, 78. 

Cosmoramic lens, stereoscopic, 1854, 70. 

Cottage for agricultural labourers, H. J. K. 
Porter on the best plan of, 1860, 194; 
H. Roberts on, 196. 

Cotton and flax fibres. Prof. F. C. Calvert 
on the action of citric, tartaric, and ox- 
alic acids on, 1854, 65. 

fabrics, on the formation of rosolate 

of lime on, in hot climates, by Prof.'F. C. 
Calvert, 1859, 68. 

manufacture in the United Kingdom, 

J. T. Danson on the connexion between 
slavery in the United States and the, 

1856, 137. 

, manufactured, on the causes of the 

fall in price of, by J. P. Hennessy, 1858, 

178. 
, Dr. A. Burn on the growth of, in 

India, 1840, 146. 
, Mr. Felkin on the growth of, 1840, 

146. 

of commerce, Major-General Briggs 

on its cultivation, 1839, 90. 

plants, Prof. Royle on the different 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



22? 



species of, and on the culture of cotton 

in India, 1842, 6i. 
Cotton trade, as an auxiliary of civilization 

and comfort, by T. Bazley, 1858, 169. 
Courland, on certain ethnological questions 

connected with the coast of, by Dr. La- 
tham, 1853, 86. 
Cow-tree, milk of the, 1837, 58. 
• , Prof. T. Thomson on galactin from 

the, 1838, 46. 
Crag and London clay of Suffolk, Sir C. 

Lyell on remains of mammalia in the, 

1839, 69. 
, coralline and red. Prof. E. Forbes on 

the Echinodermata of the, 1851, 58. 
, red, J. S. Bowerbank on the great 

shark of the, 1851, 54. 
, red, Rev. Prof. Henslow on nodules 

from the, 1845, 51. 
, red, Rev. Prof Henslow on detritus 

derived from the London clay, and de- 
posited in the, 1847, 64. 
, red. Sir C. Lyell on a stratum of 

stones covered with barnacles in the, 

1851, 65. 

, red. Prof. Phillips on the structure 

of the, 1851, 67. 
Crags of Norfolk and Suffolk, E. Charles- 
worth on the fossils of the, 1836, 48. 
Crane, tubular, wrought-iron, W. Fairbairn 

on a, 1850, 177. 
Crania anomala (Brachiopoda), L. Barrett 

on, 1855, 107. 
, Australian, Prof. J. H. Oorbett on, 

1857, 126. 
, Celtic, Sclavic, and Aztec, Prof. Ret- 

zius on, 1855, 145. 
found in the ancient mounds in 

North America, Dr. Warren on, 1837, 

108. 
, Irish, J. G-rattan on a collection of, 

1852, 84. 

of the ancient Romans, J. B. Davis on 

tiie forms of the, 1855, 142. 
of the Anglo-Saxons, J. B. Davis on 

the forms of the, 1856, 108. 
of the ancient Britons, J. B. Davis on 

the forms of the, 1854, 127. 
, round and elongated. Prof. Retzius 

on the ethnographical distribution of, 

1846, 116. 
of the ancient Macrocephali, Dr. Min- 

chin on the, 1857, 146. 
, Scottish, table of measurements of, 

by D. Wilson, 1850, 146. 
of two species of crocodile from Sierra 

Leone, Dr. Falconer and W. Thompson 

on the, 1846, 79. 
Cretaceous and tertiary formations of the 

Isle of Wight, Prof. E Forbes on the, 

1844, 43. 
-n — formation in Aberdeenshire, on the 

remains of the, by Rev. Dr. Longmuir, 

1859, 262. 
formation in the South of Africa, on the 

occurrence of a, 1854, 83. 



Cretaceous series of the south-east of Eng- 
land, R. Gk)dwin -Austen on the, 1857, 
62. 

Cretinism, Dr. Twining on, 1845, 79. 

Crime, a deduction from the statistics of, by 
Prof.Walsh, 1856, 159. 

and poverty, on some statistics bearing 

upon the relations existing between, by 
W. M. Tartt, 1856, 159. 

and punishment, on subjects con- 
nected with, by W. M. Tartt, 1858, 
199. 

and education, F. Gt. P. Nelson on, 

1847, loi. 

, on the influence of education, shown 

by facts recorded in tables of, by Gt. R. 
Porter, 1847, 109. 

in England and Wales, F. G. P. Nel- 
son on the statistics of, 1846, 102. 

, on the causes, extent, and preventives 

of, by Rev. J. Selkirk, 1853, 112. 

, on the prevention of, by W. H. 

Jemison, 1857, 162. 

Crimean campaign, on the mortality of Bri- 
tish officers in the, by R. T. Jopling, 1856, 
144. 

Criminal statistics of England and France, 
M. Guerry on the, 1851, loi. 

statistics of England and Wales, R. W. 

Rawson on the, 1839, 117. 

statistics of this and certain foreign 

countries, 1857, 168; of Ireland, 171. 

Cristatella mirabilis, J. G. Dalyell on the 
propagation of, 1834, 604. 

mucedo. Prof. Allman on the structure 

of, 1846, 88. 

paludosa, J. G. Dalyell on the propa- 
gation of, 1834, 606. 

Crocodile from Sierra Leone, Dr. Falconer 
and W. Thompson on the crania of two 
species of, 1846, 79. 

Crocodiles, Prof. Owen on the communica- 
tions between the tympanum and palate 
in the, 1848, 79. 

Crocodilus acutus. Prof. Owen on the teeth 
of, 1838, 144. 

cataphractus, 1846, 79. 

Hastingsiae, 1847, 66. 

vulgaris, 1846, 79. 

Croft husbandry, account of the system 
of, and the reclamation of waste lands, 
adopted at Gairloch in Ross-shire, by 
Dr. Alison, 1850, 147. 

Cronebane copper-mine, co. Wicklow, on 
the formation of crystallized metallic cop- 
per in, 1837, 47. 

Crops, Dr. Daubeny on the chemical prin- 
ciples involved in the rotation of, 1845, 

33- 

Croton oil, Dr. P. Newbiggin on its thera- 
peutic effect in certain nervous disorders, 
1840, 156. 

Cruciferse, on the morphology of the fruit 
in the, as illustrated by a monstrosity in 
the wallflower, by Prof. Allman, 1851, 
70. 



230 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Crustacea, new (British well shrimps), Key. 
A. B. Hogan on some, 1860, ii6. 

, C. Spence Bate on, 1850, 115 : — de- 
velopment of the shell, 115; shedding 
the exuviae, 116; reproduction of limbs, 
116; use of the false feet, ii6; number 
of broods, 117 ; uses of the fifth pair of 
legs, 117; new species, 118. 

, decapodous, on the organs of genera- 
tion in the, 1844, 69. 

, Dr. T. Williams on the structure and 

functions of the branchial organs of the, 
1848, 83. 

, on an undescribed modification of the 

respiratory organs of certain, by J. O. 
Westwood, 1831-32, 603. 

found by Prof. E. Forbes and Mr. 

M'Andrew in their cruises round the 
coast, Prof. T. Bell on the, 1846, 80. 

, H. D. S. Goodsir on the reproduction 

of lost parts in the, 1844, 68. 

-T- — , Sir J. Gt. Dalyell on exuviation or the 
change of the integuments in the, 1850, 
1 20. 

, J. O. Westwood on the transforma- 
tions of the, 1834, 608. 

, on the embryo state of Palinurus vul- 
garis, by E. Q, Couch, 1857, 102. 

in the tilestones of Kington, Here- 
fordshire, E. Banks on the discovery of, 
1855, 78. 

, on the Pterygotus and Pterygotus 

beds of Great Britain, by D. Page, 1855, 

89. 
-! , on two new species of (Bellinurus, 

Konig), from the coal-measures in Queen's 

county, Ireland, by W. H. Baily, 1858, 

76. 
Crustacean, phyUopod, in the upper Ludlow 

rock of Ludlow, Eev. W. S. Symonds on 

a, 1855, 98. 

impressions from the trias of Dum- 
friesshire, Prof. Harkness on, 1854, 86. 

Crustaceans, minute fossil, in palaeozoic 

rocks. Prof. Phillips on, 1841, 64. 
Cruziana semiplicata, a new species of fucoid, 

description of, by J. W. Salter, 1852, 

58. 
Crystalline bodies, on the elasticity of, by 

Prof. E. Hodgkinson, 1853, 36. 
lens after death. Sir D. Brewster pn 

the polarizing structure in the, 1836, 16. 
substances, Prof. W. Thomson on the 

theory of magnetic induction in, 1850, 

Crystallization, artificial, of metallic carbu- 
rets, S. Brown on the, 1839, 39. 

of metals by voltaic action, Dr. G. 

Bird on the, 1837, 45. 

-r — of tourmaline, titanium, and quartz 

within mica, amethyst, and topaz, Sir D. 

Brewster on the, 1853, 3. 
, H. F. Talbot on a new principle of, 

1847, 58. 
under extreme pressure, W. S. Ward 

on, 1847, 60. 



Crystallized bodies, on their unequal expan- 
sion by heat, 1837, 44. 

metallic copper, E. Mallet on the for-' 

mation of, in the Cronebane copper-mine, 
1837, 47. 

— r- powders. Sir D. Brewster on the pro- 
duction of crystalline structure in, by 
compression and traction, 1853, 3. 

surfaces, Mr. MacCullagh on the laws 

of reflexion and refraction from, 1835, 7. 

surfaces, Sir D. Brewster on the action 

of, upon common and polarized light, 
1836, 13. r- 6 

Crystallogenesis, and the equivalent in the 
mineral kingdom corresponding to geo- 
graphical distribution in the animal and 
vegetable kingdoms, by S. Highley, 1856, 
172. 

Crystallographic notation, J. J. Griffin on 
a new method of, 1840, 88. 

Crystallography, Dr. Leeson on a new sys- 
tem of, 1846, 46. 

Crystals, circular, notice of experiments on, 
by Sir D. Brewster, 1849, 6. 

, doubly refracting, M. Dove on a me- 
thod of measuring the absorption of polar- 
ized light in, 1854, 10. 

formed by electrical action, 1836, 47. 

from the sea-coast of Africa, T. J. 

Pearsall on, 1853, 45. 

in the human intestines, Dr. Belling 

ham on, 1838, 134. 

in the cavities of topaz, Sir D. Brew- 
ster on, 1844, 9. 

, minute, in the cavities of topaz. Sir 

D. Brewster on the rotation of, 1845, 9. 

, method of heating, 1837, 44. 

of acetate of cadmium. Sir D. BrewstOT 

on the absorption of the, 1855, 1 1. 

of iron pyrites, 1836, 77. 

, oblique prismatical, on the positions 

of the axes of optical elasticity in, 1834, 
556. 

of metallic copper, artificial, 1837, 46. 

of silver, T. E. Blackwall on the pro- 
duction of, 1838, 74. 

of sugar in Ehododendron ponticum, 

1836, 106. 

, pseudomorphous, in new red sand- 
stone, Prof. Strickland on, 1853, 61. 

, Sir W. E. Hamilton on the propaga- 

.,tionoflightin, 1838, 6. 

, snow, J. Wolley on, 1858, 40. 

, three-twin, of harmotome, Dr. Tam- 

nau on, 1843, 38. 

Cubebin, on the action of concentrated sul- 
phuric acid on, in relation to the test for 
strychnine by bichromate of potash and 
sulphiu^c acid, by J. S. Brazier, 1859t 
256. 

Cuculus glandarius, captured in co. Galway, 
1843, 71. 

Cucumber, Dr. T. Bell Salter on the true 
nature of the tendril in the, 1846, 88. 

Culm field of Devon, Eev. D. Williams on 
the, 1837, 94- 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



231 



Cumbrian mountains, Prof. Phillips on the 
remoral of boulders from the, 1836, 87. 

Cuneiform character, on the plastic origin 
of the, and its relation to our own alpha- 
bet, by J. Nasmyth, 1856, 118. 

Cunningham's plan for reefing topsails, J. 
Grantham on, 1854, 150. 

Currency and banking, suggestions for an 
improved system of, by F. Bennoch, 1853, 

97- 

, English metallic, on a method of sub- 
stituting francs and centimes for the, by 
J. Yates, 1854, 146. 

-— in Ireland, on the laws of the, by J. W. 
ailbart, 1852, 115. 

in Scotland, on the laws of the, by 

J. W. Gilbart, 1855, 166. 

, on the laws of the, as exemplified in 

the circulation of country bank notes in 
England since 1844, by J. W. Gilbart, 

1854, 136. 

Currents, arctic and antarctic, A. G. Findlay 
on, 1854, 117. 

of the Indian seas, Dr. Buist on the, 

1853, 12. 

• produced by the action of the winds 

and tides, and the structures generated 
in the deposits formed under their in- 
fluence, by which the physical geography 
of the seas at various geological epochs 
may be ascertained, H. C. Sorby on the, 

1855, 97. 

Curves and surfaces, on certain properties 
of the radii of curvature of, and their ap- 
plication to the method of polar recipro- 
cation, by T. Martin, 1857, 4. 

, inverse, and inverse curved surfaces. 

Rev. Dr. Booth on the mutual relations 
of, 1858, 3. 

, magnetic. Prof. W. Thomson on, 

with applications to problems in the 
theories of heat, electricitv, and fluid mo- 
tion, 1852, 18. 

of the fourth order having three double 

points, A. Cayley on, 1860, 4. 

produced by two mirrors in rotation. 

Prof. Anderson on, 1845, 9. 

, F. Bashforth on a machine for tracing 

a variety of, 1845, 3. 

Cuscuta epilinum, found in Ireland and 
Scotland, 1840, 148. 

epilinum, J. E. Bowman on, 1839, 

89. 

Cuttle-fish, on the crystalline lens of the, 

by Sir D. Brewster, 1858, 10. 
, on the shell of the, by L. Reeve, 1846, 

82. 
Cyanic acid, on a new form of, by Baron 

Liebig, 1855, 64. 
Cyanide of lead, on forming a pure, by Dr. 

R. D. Thomson, 1841, 54. 

of potassium, on its application to 

killing insects for the cabinet, by G. B. 
Buckton, 1854, 106. 

Cyanogen, G. Fownes on the direct forma- 
tion of, from its elements, 1841, 52. 



Cyclopteris hibernica, on the fructification 

of, by W. H. Baily, 1858, 75. 
Cydippe, J. Price on the genus, 1859, 155 ; 

1860, 120. 
of the British seas, 1839, 85. 

pileus and C. Flemingii, Prof. E. 

Forbes and J. Goodsir on, 1840, 141. 

Cyphaspis, J. W. Salter on the genus, 1862, 
61. 

Cyphoniscus, a new genus of Silurian fossils, 
J. W. Salter's description of, 1852, 59. 

Cypris in a part of the tertiary freshwater 
strata of the Isle of Wight, J. Prestwich 
on the occurrence of, 1846, 56. 

Cyrtia trapezoidalis, a British fossil, 1839, 
69. 

Cysticercus tenuicollis, a variety of hydatid, 
Dr. Houston on, 1835, 83. 

Cystideae, British, Prof. E. Forbes on dis- 
coveries among the, 1848, 68. 

Cystideans, new, from the Wenlock shale 
near Walsall, Prof. Buckman on, 1847, 
61. 

Daguerre'a photogenic process, F. Talbot's 

remarks on, 1839, 3. 
Daguerreotype, as applied to the drawing 

of fossils, 1840, 121. 
drawings. Sir D. Brewster's account of 

the camera obscura and other apparatus 

used in making, 1840, 9. 

pictures. Prof. Draper's method of 

multiplying, 1843, 34. 

plates, A. Goadby on Fizeau's process 

of etching, 1845, 76. 

plates, on different properties of the 

solar radiations which have permeated 
coloured media, in influencing the con- 
ditions of, so as to receive or reject mer- 
curial vapour, by A. Claudet, 1847, 35. 

process, A. Claudet on the dangers of 

the mercurial vapours in the, 1851, 44. 

process, A. Claudet on the theory of 

the phenomena of photography in the, 
1849, 35. 

Daltonism, Prof. Wartmann on, 1841, 40. 
Damoiseau's work on the Theory of th© 

Moon, notice of, 1836, 12. 
Daucus (wild carrot). Prof. E. Forbes on 

the varieties of, 1849, 70. 
Dauglish's (Dr.) new mode of bread-making, 

Dr. W. Odling on, 1859, 76. 
Davy lamp, 1835, 55, 56. 
Daylight, diffuse. Dr. A. Ure on a mode of 

measiiring comparatively, at any time 

and place, 1839, 7. 
Deaf and dumb, Dr. Fowler on the state of 

the, 1845, 85. 
and dumb in 1851, on the census of, 

by D. Buxton, 1854, 132. 
and dumb in Ireland, statistics of the, 

1852, 121. 
Deafness, dumbness, and blindness, Dr. 

Fowler on a case of, 1841, 81. 
, Dr. Yelloly's improved acoustic in-i. 

strument for, 1838, 129. 



232 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Death by aconite, Dr. E. E. Harvey on the 

mode of, 1860,133. 
• by chloroform and ether, Dr. C. Kidd 

on, 1860, 136. 

from a blow on the stomach, Dr. 

Holland on the cause of, 1837, 104. 

Deaths in the metropolis, on the fluctua- 
tions in the number of, during fifteen 
years, by Dr. W. A. Guy, 1855, 167. 

Decidua vera (uterine). Dr. Montgomery on 
a newly-discovered peculiarity in the 
structure of, 1836, 121. 

Decimal coinage and accounts, showing the 
impracticability of the franc or tenpenny 
miit, J. A. Franklin on, 1854, 135. 

accoimts and coinage, on the plans 

which have been proposed of, by T. W. 
Eathbone, 1854, 143 ; 1855, 184. 

coinage, W. Miller on, 1854, 14a. 

fractions, A. Peacock on, 1842, 10. 

system, plan for simpHfying and im- 
proving the measures, weights, and money 
of this country, by General Sir C. W. 
Pasley, 1856, 146. 

system, uniform, of measures, weights, 

and coins throughout the world, S. Brown 
on the advantages to statistical science of 
a, 1856, 133. 

■ system, Very Eev. Dr. Peacock on the 
proposal of the Commissioners for the in- 
troduction of a, 1842, 8. 

Declination, magnetic charts of, S. Beswick 
on a method for computing, 1850, 3, 

, magnetic, J. A. Broun on the effect 

of height in the atmosphere on the diurnal 
variation of, 1850, 7. 

■■ magnetometer, J. A. Broun on the 
construction of silk suspension threads 
for the, 1850, 10. 

Declinometer, C. Brooke on the results ob- 
tained by automatic registration of the, 
1847, 40. 

Decomposition, electro-chemical, Prof. Fara- 
day on, 1833, 393. 

of alcohol, voltaic. Prof. A. Connell on 

the, 1840, 81. 

of bituminous coals by heat, Dr. Hayes 

on some modified results attending the, 
1857, 50. 

of water unde pressure, by the galva- 
nic battery, J. P. Gussiot on the, 1853, 

39- 

, spontaneous, of xyloidine. Dr. Glad- 
stone on the, 1853, 41. 

Deeds, on the registry of, in the West 
Eiding, 1858, 175. 

Deglutition of alimentary fluids. Prof. J. H. 
Corbett on the, 1860, 216. 

Delhnan's method of observing atmospheric 
electricity, Prof. W. Thomson on, 1856, 

17- 
Dendronotus, a new genus of MoUusca nu- 

dibranchiata, J. Alder and A. Hancock on, 

1845, 65. 
Dennett's rockets for preserving lives from 

shipwreck, notice 01, 1840, 214. 



Density in saturated vapours, J. J. Water- 
ston on the gradient of, 1852, 2. 

of various bodies when subjected to 

enormous compressing forces, W. Fair- 
bairn on the, 1854, 56. 

Dental system in mammalia, Prof. Owen 
on the homologies and notation of the, 

1848, 91. 

Dentition in the ruminants and other orders 

of mammalia, J. Goodsir on the follicular 

stage of, 1839, 82. 
of the British pulmoniferous mollusca, 

W. Thomson on the, 1850, 126. 
Deposits, post-pliocene, on the occurrence 

of works of human art in, by Sir C. Lyell, 

1859, 93. 
, superficial, of the valley of the Aire 

at Leeds, T. P. Teale on the, 1858, iii. 
Derbyshire rottenstone. Prof. Johnston on 

the, 1853, 52. 
Desiccating process, E. Davison on a, 1849, 

114. 
Desiccation of the earth and atmosphere, 

general and gradual, J. S. Wilson on the, 

1858, 155. 
De Vico's comet, Eev. Prof. Powell on, 

1849, 2. 

Devonian and carboniferous systems of 

Westphalia, Sir E. I. Murchison on the, 

1839, 72. 
or Old Eed system of Eussia, Sir E. I. 

Murchison on the, 1840, 106. 
district of Ireland, E. Griffith on the, 

1843, 46. 

fossils of Devon and Cornwall, W. 

Pengelly on the chronological and geo- 
graphical distribution of the, 1860, 91. 

rocks in North Africa, Prof. E. Forbes 

on Dr. Overweg's discovery of, 1851, 
58. 

rocks in the south of Ireland, J. B. 

Jukes on, 1852, 51. 

strata of the south of Ireland, Profs. 

Harkness and Blyth on the cleavage of 
the, 1855, 82. 

Dew-point, Eev. W. V. Harcourt on obser- 
vations upon the, 1835, 54. 

, Capt. Shortrede on a chart of the, 

1847, 42. 

, Dr. Anderson on the, 1840, 40. 

, Dr. Apjohn on the, 1835, 27. 

formula (Dr. Apjohn' s), verification of, 

1843, 36. 

hygrometer, improvements on a, by 

Prof. A. ConneU, 1855, 38. 

Diabetes, Dr. Percy's contributions to the 

chemistry of, 1845, 39. 

mellitus, Dr. Clay on, 1842, 87. 

, Prof. T. Thomson on the sugar in 

urine of, 1838, 43. 
Diabetic sugar, crystallized, Dr. E. D. 

Thomson on the composition of, 1841, 

54- 
Dials which give the latitude, the line of 
north and south, and chronometer time, 
W. Carlile on, 1858, 41. 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



233 



Diamagnetic bodies, experimental demon- 
stration of the polarity of, by Prof. Tyn- 
dall, 1855, 22. 

force, Prof. TyndaU on the, 1854, 

Diamagnetism and magnecrystallic action, 

Prof. Tyndall on, 1851, 15. 
, Prof. Matteucci on the laws of, 

1852, 6. 
Diamond, J. P. Gassiot on a peculiar form 

produced in a, when under the influence 

of the voltaic arc, 1850, 53. 
, observations on the, by Sir D. Brew- 
ster, 1852, 41. 
, Sir D. Brewster on a new structure in 

the, 1837, 13. 
, Prof. Eogers on the oxidation of the, 

in the liquid way, 1848, 60. 
~— — slab supposed to have been cut from 

the Koh-i-noor, Dr. Beke on a, 1851, 

44. 
, Koh-i-noor, Prof. Tennant on the, 

1852, 39. 

, Koh-i-noor, Prof. Tennant on the re- 
cutting of the, 1854, 75. 

, three specimens of, which had been 

subjected to intense heat. Prof. Faraday 
on, 1847, 50. 

Diamonds, on the fluorescence and phos- 
phorescence of, by Dr. J. H. Gladstone, 
1859, 69. 

Dianthus plumarius, Linn., new to the En- 
gUsh flora, 1839, 92. 

Diaphragm, changing, for double achro- 
matic combinations, A. Claudet on a, 
1859, 62, 

Diarrhoea, Dr. Laycock on diagrams show- 
ing the mortality of, concurrently with 
progressive increase of temperature in 
London, 1846, 94. 

Diarseniate of lead, native, of Caldbeck 
FeU, Prof. T. Thomson on, 1838, 46. 

Diatomacese, G. H. K. Thwaites on conju- 
gation in the, 1847, 87. 

, on new forms of, from the Firth of 

Clyde, by Prof. Gregory, 1856, 83. 

found in chalk, on the forms of, by 

Eev. E. O'Meara, 1857, 97. 

found in the neighbourhood of Hull, 

J. D. Sollitt and E. Harrison on the, 

1853, 63. 

Diatomaceous deposit found in the island 
of Lewis, 1859, 133. 

vegetation of the Antarctic ocean. Dr. 

J. D. Hooker on the, 1847, 83. 

Dichobune ovinum, Ow., on a new species 
of, from the upper eocene of Hordwell, 
Hants, by Prof. Owen, 1856, 72. 

Dichodon cuspidatus, from the upper eocene 
of the Isle of Wight and HordweU, 
Hants, Prof. Owen on the, 1856, 72. 

Dichroism of the palladio-chlorides of po- 
tassium and ammonium. Sir D. Brewster 
on the, 1842, 13. 

of a solution of stramonium in ether, 

Sir D. Brewster on the, 1842, 14. 



Dichromatic phenomena among solutions, 
Dr. J. H. Gladstone on, 1856, 10. 

Dicoryne stricta, a new genus and species 
of the Tubulariadas, Prof. Allman on, 

1859, 142. 

Dictyodus, fossil, Prof. Owen on the teeth 
of, 1838, 142. 

Didymium, a new metal. Prof. Mosander on, 
1843, 25. 

Difierential wheel, triple, J. Lothian on a, 
1847, 18. 

Diffraction, Sir D. Brewster on new pheno- 
mena of, 1838, 12. 

, Sir D. Brewster on certain pheno- 
mena of, 1852, 24. 

bands produced by the edges of thin 

plates, Sir D. Brewster on the, 1847, 

33- 
Difi'usion, liquid, Prof. T. Graham on, 1851, 

47- 
Digestion, experiments on, by Dr.G. Harley, 

1858, 135. 
Digestive organs. Dr. E. D. Thomson on the 

chemistry of the, 1836, 117. 
Digging machine, B. Samuelson on a, 1853, 

121. 
Diluvial drift containing shells and re- 
mains of animals, J. Trimmer on, 1838, 

86. 
Dimorphodon, a new ggnus of Pterodac- 

tyle, Prof. Owen on, 1858, 97. 
Dimyaria, on the families of, adopted by 

Prof. E. Forbes and Mr. Hanley, 1847, 

76. 
Dingle district, Ireland, J. W. Salter on the 

fossils of the, 1857, 89. 
Promontory, Ireland, Prof. Harkness 

on the geology of the, 1855, 83. 
Promontory, Ireland, J. B. Jukes on 

the geological structure of the, 1857, 70; 

J. W. Salter on the fossils of the, 71. 
Diomedea exulans, on the peculiar deve- 
lopment of the Vermis cerebelli in the, 

by Prof. Eetzius, 1855, 133. 
Diophantine analysis, on the possible and 

impossible cases of quadratic duplicate 

equalities in the, by M. ColUns, 1855, 2. 
Dip-circle, induction, J. A. Broun on a new, 

1860, 23. 

Diphydffi, Prof Huxley on the, 1851, 78. 

Dipodomys, or Jerboa-rat, a new genus, by 
Dr. J. E. Gray, 1841, 70. 

PhiUipii, 1841, 70. 

Dipping-needle, effect of three iron cylin- 
ders upon the, when placed in a given 
position, 1851, 9. 

, new, 1835, 25. 

, Eev. Dr. H. Lloyd on a method of 

observing the dip and the force by the 
same observation, 1834, 557. 

, Eev. Dr. Scoresby on a source of 

error in experiments with the, 1833, 
412. 

Disc, rotating, of M. Arago, on the dis- 
tribution of electrical currents in the, 
by Prof. Matteucci, 1853, 5. 



234 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Disease, endemic, A. Keith Johnston on 
the geographical distribution of, as indi- 
cating the connexion between natural 
?henomena and health and longevity, 
850, 150. 

Dispensaries, self-supporting, on, with some 
statistics of the Coventry Provident Dis- 
pensary, by C. H. Bracebridge, 1858, 
170. 

Dispersion, chromatic, M. Ponton on the 
laws of, 1859, 15; 1860, 16. 

, prismatic, Prof. Powell's lecture on 

the phenomena of, 1835, 5. 

Distance of objects, simple apparatus for 
determining the, 1843, 102. 

Distances at sea or land, P. Leahy's method 
of ascertaining, 1843, 10 1. 

determined by the telescope, by E. 

Bowman, 1841, 42. 

, P. Adie on an instrument for mea- 
suring, 1860, 59. 

Distillation, destructive, Dr. Reichenbach's 
discoveries in, 1834, 591. 

of wood, R. Scanlan on a new substance 

from the, 1836, 76. 

Diving animals. Dr. Houston on the circu- 
lating organs of, 1835, 81. 

apparatus. Sir J, Richardson on a 

case of a diver who was injm-ed by the 
bursting of the air-pipe of the, 1842, 
84. 

operations, W. S. Ward on an appa- 
ratus for giving light under water in, 

1847, 132. 
Divisibility of matter, infinite. Rev. Dr. 

Whewell on Dr. Wollaston's argument 

respecting, 1839, 26. 
Dock, floating dry, G. Bayley on a, 1858, 

206. 
Docks, floating, on the formation of the 

entrances to, 1857, 198. 
Dock-gates, some remarks on, 1837, 57. 
Dodder plant (Cuscuta epilinum), J. E. 

Bowman on the, 1839, 89. 
Dodo, long-legged. Prof. Strickland on two 

additional bones of the, 1849, 81. 
, Prof. Strickland on the history of the, 

and other allied species, 1847, 79. 
Dog as the associate of man, Dr. Hodgkin 

on the, 1844, 8i. 
Dolichognathus Lloydii, 1839, 75. 

varvicensis, 1839, 75. 

Dolomite, Prof. Forchhammer on the forma- 
tion of, 1849, 36. 
Dolomites and gypsum, T. S. Hunt on, 

1860, 83. 
Donati's comet, E. J. Cooper on, 1858, 

28. 
Door-spring, improved, G-. Beattie on an, 

1850, 170. 
Doris, A. Hancock and Dr. Embleton on 

the anatomy of, 1850, 124. 
, J. Alder on the existence of eyes in 

the, 1842, 69. 
bilamellata, gregarious habit of, 1857, 

108. 



Dove's maps, causes of the rise of the iso- 
thermal lines in the winters of the North- 
ern hemisphere, as represented on, by 
T. Hopkins, 1850, 34. 

Dracaena Draco, or gum-dragon tree. Dr. 
Mackay on the treatment and flowering 
of a plant of, 1850, 1 14. 

Drainage of a portion of Chat Moss, on the, 
1848, 72. 

, Or. W. Ormerod on the gradual sub- 
sidence of a portion of the surface of 
Chat Moss, in Lancashire, by, 1850, 

lOI. 

of land, A. Milward on the Upton 

draining-tool, 1849, 122. 

of low lands, on an india-rubber 

valve for the, by Prof. J. Thomson, 1855, 
210. 

of marshes and fen-lands, on the ap- 
plication of steam power to the, by J. 
aiynn, 1848, 117. 

of the metropolis, E. Jones on the, 

1858, 213. 

and irrigation, on a centrifugal pump 

and windmill for, by Prof. J. Thomson, 
1855, 210. 

Drawing, H. Twining on an instrument for, 

1852, 32. 
, Sir D. Brewster on the conversion of 

relief in a, 1847, 33. 
Drawing-paper, new kind of, 1842, 1 14. 
Dredge, Dempster's, notice of, 1855, ii8. 
Dredging at Oban, species obtained by 

J. G. Jeffreys, 1842, 75. 

round the coasts of Anglesea, 1844, 

63. 

-. near Sana Island, off the Mull of Can- 
tire, species obtained by G. C. Hyndman, 
1842, 70. 

off the Mull of Galloway by Capt. 

Beechey, 1842, 72. 

in Weymouth Bay, W. Thompson on, 

1857, 108. 
Drift of North America, Prof. H. D. Rogers 

on the, 1848, 75. 
of West Galway and the eastern parts 

of Mayo, J. Birmingham on the, 1857, 

64. 

or boulder-clay in the vicinity of 

Aberdeen and north-east of Scotland, 
Prof. Nicol on the, 1859, 118. 

— r—, Severn, Rev. W. S. Symonds on a 
fossil of the, 1857, 93. 

, superficial, on human remains in, 

by Rev. Dr. Anderson, 1859, 95. 

, triassic, from the neighbourhood of 

Frome, C. Moore on the contents of, 
1860, 87. 

" Drift-bedding " (a kind of false stratifica- 
tion), description of a working model to 
illustrate the formation of, by H. C. 
Sorby, 1856, 77. 

Drift-beds and boulders of the north of 
Scotland, T. F. Jamieson on the, 1859, 
114. 

Drink, intoxicating, on the progress of 



SECTIONS.-^INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



235 



public opinion with respect to the evils 

produced by the traffic in, by Eev. W. 

Caine, 1859, 205. 
Dropsy, on some cases of, 1837, 125. 
Drosera, Dr. Lankester on the epidermal 

appendages of the genus, 1850, 113. 
Druid circles, Col. J. Forbes on, 1869, 

178. 
Dryobalanops camphora. Dr. De Vrij on 

solid and liqmd camphor from the, 1851, 

Dry rot, R. Davison on, 1849, 114. 

Dublin Foundling Hospital, Dr. Maunsell 
on the statistics of, 1835, 113. 

— — Lying-in Hospital, registry kept in, 
1835, 106. 

Normal School, 1835, 125. 

Dugong oil, J. S. Brazier on, 1859, 
256. 

Dumbness, deafness, and blindness. Dr. 
Fowler on a case of, 1841, 81. 

Dunnottar Castle and the Girdleness, on 
the section of the coast between, by Rev. 
Dr. Longmuir, 1859, 261. 

Duodenum, Sir D. J. H. Dickson on the 
rupture of the, 1839, 94. 

Dura Den, new fossil form ( — ? Dalglei- 
sianap) from, 1850, 70. 

sandstone, Rev. Dr. Anderson on the, 

1859, 97. 

Dutch possessions in the East, remarks on 
the, by Col. Sykes, 1848, 112. 

Dwellings for the poor, Metropolitan So- 
ciety's, St. Pancras, statistical account of 
the, 1849, 108. 

Dye, purple, obtained from coal-tar, by W. 
H. Perkin, 1858, 58. 

Dykes, trap, in Arran, Prof. Phillips on, 
1855, 94. 

Dynactinometer, Claude t's, for comparing 
the power of object-glasses, and for mea- 
suring the intensity of the photogenic 
Ught, 1850, 12. 

Dynamic electricity and the other physical 
forces, researches on the correlation of, 
by L. Soret, 1857, 16. 

equivalent of current electricity, W. 

Petrieonthe, 1850, 185. 

Dynamical theory of gases, Prof. J. C. Max- 
well on the, 1859, 9. 

Dynamics, application to, of a general ma- 
thematical method previously applied to 
optics, 1834, 513. 

Dynamometer, friction break, Prof. J.Thom- 
son on the, 1855, 209. 

, marine, for ascertaining the force of 

the waves, T. Stevenson on the, 1850, 
189. 

Ear, human. Dr. Sym on the mechanical 
functions of the, 1840, 154. 

, human, on the functions of the, by 

Prof. H. Carlile, 1857, 116. 

Ear-trumpet, improved, Dr. 0. J. B. Wil- 
liams on an, 1836, 36. 

Earth and the atmosphere, on the general 



and gradual desiccation of the, by J. S. 

Wilson, 1858, 155. 

Earth, L. Foucaiilt's experiments on the 
movement of the, by means of the gyro- 
scope, 1854, 56. 

, on an orbital motion of the magnetic 

pole round the north pole of the, by Rev. 
H. M. Grover, 1849, 8. 

, on the central heat and density of 

the, and the causes of volcanic pheno- 
mena, by Dr. S. Macadam, 1850, 88. 

, on the distribution of heat in the 

interior of the, by Dr. Siljestrom, 1858, 

, on the conductibility of the, by Prof. 

Matteucci, 1850, 56. 

, on the constitution of the, by Rev. J. 

Dingle, 1859, 102. 

, Prof. Hennessy on the connexion be- 
tween geological theories and the theory 
of the figure of the, 1852, 21. 

, on the configuration of the surface of 

the, by Rev. J. Dingle, 1858, 1 50. 

, on the physical structure of the, by 

Prof. Hennessy, 1856, 26. 

, on the structure and magnetic phe- 
nomena of the, by J. Drummond, 1857, 
22. 

, on the temperature of the, 1837, 

37- 

, Prof. Hodgkinson on the temperature 

of the, in the deep mines near Man- 
chester, 1840, 17. 

, Prof. J. D. Forbes on the temperature 

of the, at Trevandrum, 1847, 40. 

, R. Rigg's experimental inquiry into a 

peculiar property of the, 1837, 50. 

, Sir W. S. Harris on the method of 

employing vibrating magnets in the in- 
vestigation of the magnetic intensity of 
the, 1831-^2, 560. 

, W. Hopkins on the minimum thick- 
ness of the crust of the, 1839, 26. 

, W. Hopkins on the refrigeration of 

the, 1837, 91. 

Earth's antiquity. Sir C. Lyell on the, 1846, 
119. 

crust, Rev. J. Dingle on the forma- 
tion of the, 1860, 77. 

magnetic force. Rev. Dr. Lloyd on the 

regular variations of the direction and 
intensity of the, 1843, 12. 

rotation, D. Vaughan on its effects on 

atmospheric movements, 1859, 41. 

rotation. Rev. Prof. Powell on M. 

G-uyot's experiment on the, 1851, 23. 

internal structure, Prof. Hennessy on 

studying the, from phenomena observed 
at its surface, 1860, 35. 

structure, S. M. Saxby on the connexion 

between magnetic variation with certain 
peculiarities of the, 1845, 16. 

Siirface, on the direction of gravity at 

the, by Prof. Hennessy, 1857, 24. 

— — surface, on electric currents in the, by 
A. H. Hamilton, 1857, 48. 



236 



SECTIONS. INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Earth's surface, Rev. Dr. Hitchcock on the 

erosions of the, especially by rivers, 1850, 

85. 
Earth-thermometers, observations with, by 

Prof P. Smyth, 1856, 28. 
Earthenware manufacture of Glasgow, Dr. 

Strang on the, 1856, 153. 
, notice of Mr. Prosser's method of 

making, from dry powder of clay com- 
pressed, 1842, 1 14. 
Earthquake at the islands of Antigua and 

Guadaloupe, Feb. 8, 1843, the Hon. Capt. 

Carnegie on the, 1843, 59. 
in Chile, April 2, 1851, R. Budge on 

the, 1851, 85. 
shocks in the laterite of India, J. A. 

Broun on the velocity of, 1860, 74.. 
Earthquakes and volcanic phenomena, T. S. 

Hunt on the theory of, 1860, 84. 
, Profs. H. D. and W. B. Rogers 

on the phenomena and theory of, 1843, 

57- 
, remarkable periodicities in, extraor- 
dinary oscillations of the sea, and great 
atmospherical changes, R. Edmonds on, 
1845, 20. 

in Scotland, D. Milne on the, 1840, 

97- 

on the west coast of South America, 

Dr. M. Hamilton on the, 1840, 123. 

in South America, Dr. M. Hamilton 

on the, 1850, 82. 

Earths, alkaline, on the metals of the, by 
Dr. Matthiessen, 1855, 66. 

Earthworms and larvae of an undescribed 
species, H. Peckitt on, 1858, 129. 

Eblanine, a new substance from the distilla- 
tion of wood, R. Scanlan on, 1836, 76, 

Echinidas, on the mechanism of respiration 
in the family of, by Dr. T. WiUiams, 1856, 
Id. 

Echinodermata, on two species (Comatula 
Sarsii and Phascolosoma radiata) of, new 
to Britain, by J. Alder, 1859, 142. 

, Rev. C. Mayne on a mode of pre- 
serving, 1835, 71. 

of the crag. Prof. E. Forbes on the, 

1851, 58. 

Echinus, Prof. E. Forbes on the European 
species of, and the peculiarities of their 
distribution, 1850, 123. 

lividus, Prof. Dickie on the distri- 
bution and habits of, 1852, 72. 

Eclipse, annular, of the sun, suggestions for 
the observation of the, 1847, 1 6. 

, annular, of Oct. 9, 1847, observations 

of the, 1848, 3. 

of 1851, solar, Prof. Piazzi Smyth on 

the red prominences seen during the, 

1852, 13. 

of the Sim mentioned in the first book 

of Herodotus, Rev. Dr. E. Hincks on the, 
1856, 27. 

or occultation of a star. Prof. Mossotti 

on the calculation of an, 1855, 26. 

Eclipses, annular, explanatiopof the " beads" 



and " threads" in, by Rev. Prof. Powell, 
1848, 2. 
Education and crime, F. G. P. Neison on, 
1847, 10 1. 

of persons tried at the Middlesex 

Sessions, Dr. J. Bateman on the, 1858, 
168. 

, E. Chadwick on the physiological as 

well as psychological limits to mental 
labour, in relation to, 1860, 185. 

, G. R. Porter on the influence of, 

as shown by facts in the criminal tables, 
1847, 109. 

in Birmingham, statistics of, 1839, 1 1 1. 

in Bolton, on the state of, 1837, 138. 

in Bristol, 1836,136. 

in Bristol, statistics of, 1841, 89. 

in Glasgow, statistics of, 1846, loi. 

in the borough of Hull, 01 the state 

of, 1840, 177. 

in Liverpo