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Full text of "Report of the Class of 1857 in Harvard College : prepared for the twenty-fifth anniversary of its graduation"

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-^^ . GIVEN BY 



REPORT 



OF 



THE CLASS OF 1857 



IN 



HARYA11D COLLEGE. 



Prepared for Ujc JThciUgsfiftlj Qnnibrvsara of its GKratiuatton. 



inz 




CAMBRIDGE : 
JOHN WILSON AND SON. 

Samtocrsttg Press. 
1882. 






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ON the 8th of March, 1882, acting at the suggestion of the Class 
Committee and of other members of the Class, George 
McKean Folsom: issued a circular, asking his classmates to put 
him in possession of materials from which lie might prepare a report 
for the Twenty-fifth Anniveksary of their graduation. With 
that affectionate regard which he ever felt for the Class of Fifty- 
Seven, Folsom asked each one " to send such information about your- 
self as you would like to have about your classmates, — such as you 
would give if talking over with them the events of these twenty-five 
years." Again, in April, in response to suggestions of Ranlett and 
French, he sent out circulars, asking for photographs of the Class and 
of " our pledges to society, wives and children, . . . the faces of those 
dear to us." Previous to his death, Folsom had collected a large 
amount of material for the Report ; he had judiciously planned it, and, 
had his life been spared, would have satisfactorily completed it. 

In taking up the pen which fell from the hands of our friend, his 
successor cannot fail to pay a loving tribute to his memory, — to his 
spotless life, his gentle, Christian character, his warm and ever-con- 
stant heart, which embraced all of Harvard, but most the Class. But 
Folsom is yours, and he needs no word of mine. He lives to-day, and 
he will ever live in our thoughts and our hearts, wherever and so long 
as any members of the Class of Fifty-Seven come together ! 

With regard to the Report, it is the honorable record of twenty- 
five years of joy and sorrow, of trial, struggle, failure, and success, 
such as falls to the lot of man. "We stand, as men, in the fulness of 
strength of our middle life; at this turning point in our history, let us 
stand nearer to each other as classmates, with new hopes and new res- 
olutions for the future. We believe, in French's words in 1857, that 
" This is a brotherhood closer than kin ; " and we say, with fervent 
reliance on the God above us, Bless our University, and bless our 
beloved Class. 

Francis H. Brown. 



HARVARD COLLEGE. 



CLASS OF 1857. 



^ 



*JOHN JULIUS PRINGLE ALSTON. 



JOHN JULIUS PRINGLE ALSTON was born in Charles- 
ton, S.C., 6 December, 1836. His father was Charles 
Alston, a large rice planter on the Waccamaw River ; his 
mother was a daughter of John Julius Pringle, a distinguished 
lawyer of Charleston. His early education and preparation for 
College were received in Charleston, at the school of Christo- 
pher Cotes. 

After his graduation he chose the law as his profession, but 
the war soon interrupted that pursuit. Together with a friend, 
and at their own expense, Alston raised a company for the 
Confederate service, was commissioned first lieutenant of the 
First Regiment S.C. Artillery, and was stationed at Fort Sum- 
ter. For nearly two years he served with distinction at Fort 
Sumter and on Morris Island. In the fight at Lighthouse Inlet 
he was one of a small band who, being attacked by an over- 
whelming land and naval force, were forced to fall back. 
Struck on the head by a piece of shell, he was for some time 
stunned, but, on recovering, succeeded in collecting the rem- 
nant of his company and reached Battery Wagner. Here he 



6 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

was put in command of a gun and rendered efficient service. 
Being ordered with his company to Fort Sumter to rest and re- 
cruit, he applied to be sent back to Battery Wagner, and served 
in command of a columbiad battery. His bravery and extra- 
ordinary coolness under fire, his skill and efficiency, were the 
subject of general admiration ; he was highly commended by 
his superior officers and recommended for promotion. 

l/nder date of 26 June, 1864, Stackpole writes from Fortress 
Monroe : " Captain Busch, Twenty-seventh South-Carolina 
Volunteers, who was taken on Friday [24 June], informs me 
that he knew Julius Alston very well ; that he, for a long time, 
commanded a battery of eight-inch columbiads at Sumter, was 
considered one of the best artillerv officers in the Confederate 
States service, and is supposed to have fired the shot himself 
which killed Captain Rogers, fleet-captain." 

His arduous duties and exposure brought on typhoid fever, 
of which he died at Greenville, S.C., 20 September, 1863. 



GltENVILLE BACON. 



(i RENVILLE BACON. 



G RENVILLE BACON, son of William and Elizabeth [Wy- 
man] Bacon, was born in Roxbury, Mass., ±1 October, 
1835. He intended, on leaving College, to adopt the medical 
profession; but, having- been attacked with a violent fever in 
August, 1857, he was not sufficiently recovered to attend the 
medical lectures in the fall. He married Sarah Maria, daugh- 
ter of John and Maria Dove, of Roxbury, Mass., 22 February, 
1858. In the spring of that year he began the study of law, 
which he continued until July, when a violent inflammation of 
the eyes obliged him to give up that profession. On the loth 
January, 1859, he became the father of Grenville, Jr., who, 
by virtue of being the first Class-boy, received the Class-cradle 
in due form. The son is now in business in Boston. A second 
son, Charles Herbert, was born 20 December, 1862, and died 
2 January, 1868. He has also had Alice Hay ward, born 14 
October, 1869. In the fall of 1859, Bacon entered the store of 
his brothers, dry-goods merchants in Roxbury ; and remained 
there until August, 1863, when he took the position of chief 
clerk in the commissary department of ..the United-States Gen- 
eral Hospital at Point Lookout, Md. He continued in this 
service till May, 1861, when he was ordered to the North to 
settle his accounts, and was so occupied till September. Hav- 
ing had several attacks of fever and ague, he thought that the 
naval service might be of benefit to his health, and obtained a 
commission as acting assistant paymaster, 14 December, 1864. 
On the 9th of March, 1865, he was ordered to Key West, Fla., 



8 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

to the supply- steamer "Honduras," to which vessel lie was 
attached till her return to the North and the discharge of her 
stores, 15 September, at which time he was ordered to prepare 
his final statement for settlement ; and, 15 November, he was 
notified of his honorable discharge from the service. 

In September, 1866, Bacon entered the employ of Jordan, 
Marsh, & Co., in Boston, as salesman, remaining with that 
firm till 14 January, 1868, when he was prostrated with scar- 
let fever, which had attacked both his boys. The next fall he 
engaged with the firm of B. T. Stephenson & Co., remaining 
with them till February, 1872. He then became travelling 
salesman with the house of D. R. Whitney & Co., wholesale 
dealers in Dye Woods, where he remained about six months. 
The next two years he passed at his home in Winthrop Place, 
Roxbury, pursuing a course of medical studies, and in 1875 
commenced the practice of medicine at that place. In 1880, 
he associated himself with J. B. Cherry, 156, Shawmut Avenue, 
Boston, assisting him in the drug business. In October, 1881, 
he took charge of store 91, Shawmut Avenue, where he is now 
engaged in the sale of drugs and the practice of medicine. 



GEORGE M. BARNARD. 



GEORGE MIDDLETON BARNARD. 



GEORGE MIDDLETON BARNARD was born in Brook- 
line, Mass., 21 October, 1835. His parents were George 
Middleton and Susan Livingston [Tilden] Barnard, of Boston. 
He left College, 26 April, 1855, but received his A.B. from 
Harvard College in 1872. In 1857, he went from Boston to 
Buenos Ayres in a sailing vessel, being over three months on 
the passage ; remained a year travelling in that country, and 
returned by sailing vessel to Boston. He passed a year in the 
counting-room of G. M. Barnard & Co., and then sailed from 
New York for Montevideo and Buenos Ayres as supercargo of 
the bark " Z. D." He passed another year in travelling up 
the rivers -to distant places and upon the pampas, visiting the 
Guachos and Indians; then sailed from Montevideo with a 
cargo of wild horses, disposed of them at Pernambuco, sailed 
thence to St. Thomas, and from there to Boston. It is a curious 
fact that all of the four vessels in which he made these voy- 
ages were lost at sea on the next voyage after he left them. 

In the beginning of 1861, he travelled through the Western 
States, and within half an hour after he landed from the steam- 
boat " Gray Eagle," on the Mississippi, she collided and blew 
up, with great loss of life. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion, Barnard immediately came 
home and joined the New-England Guards, then on duty at Fort 
Independence. He received a commission as first lieutenant 
in the Eighteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, 20 August, 1861 ; 
and, on the 24th, the regiment left for the field. Barnard had 
been studying military tactics for several years, and conse- 

2 



10 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

quently was ready to enter immediately on his duties. For a 
year and a half he remained with his regiment, and then went 
upon the staff of Major-General Charles Griffin, where he spent 
an equal time. During this period, he was always in the Army 
of the Potomac; he participated in every battle, and was per- 
sonally engaged in twenty-nine. He was hit eight times, but 
never severely wounded. He was taken prisoner once, but 
escaped. He was promoted to be captain, 1 November, 1862, 
and was successively brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel, and 
colonel for " gallantry and meritorious service " at the battles 
of Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg. At the 
end of three years, 2 September, 18G4, he was mustered out of 
the service. 

He then returned to Boston, and became a member of the 
firm of George M. Barnard & Co. He married Ellen Russell, 
daughter of James Dutton and Sarah Ellen [Hooper] Russell, 
of Boston, 28 December, 1865. 

In 1877, he started to join the U.S.S. " Ashuelot" in tlie Asi- 
atic squadron ; reached Yokohama via San Francisco, made a 
short stay in Japan, went thence to Hong Kong and joined the 
"Ashuelot" ; he remained on board of her for a year and a half, 
visiting all the ports, and making journeys by land. He went 
to Pekin and to the Great Wall of China ; was knocked over- 
board at midnight by a collision, and was saved with great 
difficulty. He took French steamer at Shanghai and visited 
Cochin China, Malaya, Ceylon, and Aden ; saw the objects of 
interest in Egypt, and came home via Paris and London. 

He was a member of the Common Council, in Boston, in 
1870 ; member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, of 
the Spanish Lodge of Freemasons in Montevideo, of the Society 
of the Army of the Potomac, and of the Temple and Officers 
Clubs, Secretary of the Fifth Army Corps Association and of 
the Somerset Club. 

He has two children : Sarah Livingston, born 19 November, 
1866, and Maud Russell, born 10 October, 1868. His address 
is the Somerset Club, Boston. 



FRANCIS BARTLETT. 11 



FRANCIS BARTLETT. 



FRANCIS BARTLETT, son of Sidney (1818) and Caroline 
Louisa [Pratt] Bartlett, was born in Boston, 21 Septem- 
ber, 1886. Early in 1858 lie entered his father's office, in 
Boston, for the study of law ; and, in the first term of 1858- 
59, became a member of the Dane Law School, where he re- 
mained one year. He was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, in 
Boston, 17 September, 1860 ; and, in the following December, 
started for Europe. He spent the next year abroad, returning 
in December, 1861, and began the practice of law at 16, Court 
Street. 

He married Marianna Hubbard, daughter of John F. and 
Marianna [Hubbard] Slater, of Norwich, Conn., 31 March, 
1869 ; she died 6 January, 1873. He has had two children : 
Caroline, born 3 September, 1870, and Elizabeth S., born 27 
July, 1872, and died 16 February,, 1881. 

In 1869, he again visited Europe. He is now engaged in the 
practice of law at 13, Exchange Street, Boston ; lives, during 
the winter, at 236, Beacon Street, and in the summer at Bev- 
erly Farms. He took his A.M. in 1870. 



12 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



STANTON BLAKE. 



STANTON BLAKE, son of George Baty and Anna Hull 
[Blake] Blake, was born in Boston, 8 May, 1837. 

He passed thirteen months, previous to February, 1853, at 
school in Yevey, Switzerland, and, after his return to America, 
fitted for College in Cambridge, under the supervision of Mr. 
R. H. Chase. 

Soon after graduating, Blake sailed for England and entered 
the counting-room of Messrs. George Peabody & Co., in London. 
After remaining with this firm for some months, during which 
period occurred the memorable commercial crisis of 1857, he 
removed to Liverpool, entering the counting-house of Messrs. 
Edward Moon & Co., well-known merchants of that city. In 
the summer of 1858, he returned to Boston and entered the 
office of Messrs. Blake Brothers, & Co., in which firm he, 
shortly afterward, became a partner. 

In 1859, he established himself in New York as the resident 
partner of his firm, and, in 1860, opened in that city a branch 
of the firm, which still continues. He himself retired from 
the firm and from active business in 1872, returning to Boston 
and vicinity, where he lived until January, 1879. He then 
resumed active business again, in New York, as one of the 
managers of the Netherland Trading Society of Holland, a 
prominent and influential corporation, having its headquarters 
at Amsterdam, and being connected with the Dutch Govern- 
ment. In January, 1882, he again retired from active business, 
and is now living in the vicinity of Boston. He has an office 



STANTON BLAKE. 13 

at 80, Kilby Street, Boston. His visits to Europe have been 
very numerous, numbering thirty-two round voyages, or sixty- 
four passages across the Atlantic. 

Almost immediately after his retirement from business and 
return to Boston, the great fire of 9 November, 1872, took place, 
and, being at leisure, Blake volunteered his services for the 
necessary work for the relief of the sufferers. He served on the 
Executive Relief Committee, and was most actively employed 
in this connection from November, 1872, until May, 1873. 

After the great fire at St. John, N.B., in 1877, he was ap- 
pointed one of the committee to deliver contributions raised by 
the people of Boston for the sufferers. He went to that city, 
with the supplies, in the United-States Revenue Steamer " Gal- 
latin," and, in conjunction with other members of the com- 
mittee, was warmly received by the municipal authorities of 
St. John, and the visit was made the occasion of friendly and 
cordial international courtesies. 

In January, 1882, he was elected one of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. 



14 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



SHEPHERD BROOKS. 



SHEPHERD BROOKS, son of Gorliam and Ellen [Shep- 
herd] Brooks, was born at Baltimore, Md., 23 July, 1887. 
When he was about a year old his family removed to Medford, 
Mass., where and in Boston he has spent his life. He fitted for 
College with Mr. (now Dr.) Samuel Eliot (1839). After grad- 
uating, he passed a winter in New Orleans. In the autumn of 
1858, he went to Europe, where he remained two years and 
travelled extensively. He made a number of trips to the South, 
and, in the spring of 1872, joined a pleasure-party in an excur- 
sion to California and the Columbia River. One of this party, 
Miss Clara Gardner, daughter of George and Helen [Read] 
Gardner, of Boston, became his wife, 10 December, 1872. 
Shortly after his marriage he went with his wife to Europe, 
and passed several months in travelling. 

He has two children : Helen, born 30 December, 1875, and 
Gorham, born 19 June, 1881. He states that his tastes are of 
a rural character, and that he has never been engaged in any 
active business. He passes his winters at his house, 92, Beacon 
Street, Boston, and his summers at West Medford, Mass. He 
took his A.M. in 1872. 



FRANCIS II. BROWN. 15 



FRANCIS HENRY BROWN. 



FRANCIS HENRY BROWN was born in Boston, 8 Au- 
gust, 1835. His ancestors of the same name came to 
Watertown, Mass., from England, in 1632, in the persons of 
John Brown and Dorothy, his wife ; the line is brought down 
through John and Hester [Makepeace] ; Joseph and Ruhamah 
[Wellington] ; James and Jane [Bowman]; Francis and Mary 
[Buckman] ; James and Pamela [Munroe] ; Francis and Caro- 
line Matilda [Kuhn], his immediate parents. The family has 
always lived in Boston or its vicinity. 

He was educated at the public schools of Boston, and entered 
College, from the public Latin school, in 1853. He took his 
degree of A.M. in course. 

In September, immediately after graduating, he began the 
study of medicine, in Cambridge, under the direction of Drs. 
John Ware and Morrill and Jeffries Wyman, and Professor 
J. P. Cooke. During the following two years he was assistant 
in chemistry to Professor Cooke, and during the second year he 
served also as instructor in chemistry, and proctor, rooming at 
M. 23. He became house-physician at the Massachusetts Gen- 
eral Hospital, 1 xMay, 1860, and spent the following year at that 
institution. In March, 1861, he took his M.D. in the Medical 
Department of the University. 

He entered on the practice of medicine in Cambridge, 1 June, 
1861. He married Louisa Bcckford, daughter of Charles F. 
and Mary [Doggett] Eaton, of Salem, 24 September ; a daugh- 



16 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

ter was born 2 December, 1862, and died two days later ; a 
son, Louis Francis, was born 16 December, 1864, in Boston. 
His wife died IT January, 1865, at the age of twenty-nine. 

In the fall of 1861, he examined recruits in Boston for the 
Massachusetts volunteer regiments. From January to June, 
1862, he was surgeon at the United-States recruiting-post, in 
North Cambridge ; from June to October, acting assistant sur- 
geon, U.S.A., stationed at the United-States General Hospital, 
Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C., and for a short time at the 
headquarters Army of the Potomac, near Antietam, Md. Early 
in May, 1864, as a private in the Twelfth Unattached Com- 
pany, Mass. V.M., Captain C. F. Walcott, he went to Read- 
ville (Dedham), and was mustered into the United-States 
service, on the Governor's call for men to guard the Massa- 
chusetts sea-coast ; after a few days he was detailed as assist- 
ant to the surgeon (William Ingalls, 1835) in charge of the 
post hospital. 1 July the entire camp was changed from a 
State military rendezvous to a United-States General Hospital; 
Brown was still retained as Acting Assistant Surgeon, and was 
occupied in organizing the establishment for a thousand beds, 
and in the care of patients, till September, when he returned 
home. 

In October, he removed. to Boston; in November, he was 
appointed one of the visiting physicians at the office of the 
Boston Dispensary, and in April, 1865, one of the visiting sur- 
geons; this position he held until April, 1872.. He was surgeon 
to St. Joseph's Home, in Boston, in 1860, and visiting physi- 
cian to St. Elizabeth's Hospital, 1880-82. 

He was in Europe during a large part of the year 1867, 
engaged in study and travel ; spent some months in Vienna, 
and visited, among other places, Hamburg, Berlin, Trieste, 
Venice, Rome, Naples, Switzerland (making the passes St. 
Theodule and Col-du-Geant), Paris, Mayence, Cologne, Rot- 
terdam, London, Edinburgh, and Dublin. In March, 1868, he 
went to Madeira. 



FRANCIS II. BROWN 17 

He married Mary Sherwood, daughter of Charles l\ and 
Mary Elizabeth [Sherwood] Wood, of Auburn, N.Y., 23 March, 
1871. A daughter, Edith, was horn, 7 September, 1877. 

In July, 1870, he became editor of the " Boston Medical and 
Surgical Journal," and retained this position for two and a half 
years. 

In 1877, he passed a four days' examination before a board 
of Surgeons of the United-States Marine Hospital Service, 
:inil. -!!• June, was appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury 
an Assistant Surgeon in the Service ; he was assigned to duty 
in New York, and, a few weeks later, ordered to the United- 
States Marine Hospital at the port of Boston. In June, 1880, 
he was again examined by a board and became Passed Assist- 
ant Surgeon. He resigned, 5 November, 1880, and returned 
to private practice in Boston. 

He has been a member of the American Academy of Med- 
icine, American Medical Association, American Public Health 
Association, American Social Science Association, American 
Library Association, Massachusetts Medical Society, Suffolk 
District Medical Societv, Massachusetts Medical Benevolent 
Society, Boston Medical Association, Boston Society for Med- 
ical Observation, Obstetrical Society of Boston, Boston Society 
of Natural History, Bunker Hill Monument Association, Repub- 
lican Institution, Unitarian Club (treasurer), Young Men's 
Benevolent Society, and Medical Library Association. 

While in Europe, in 1867, his attention was attracted to the 
subject of hospitals for children, and he formed in his own 
mind a plan to establish one, on his return, in Boston. During 
the next year he elaborated his plans, drew up a code of by-laws, 
prescribed the method of operations, and, late in 1868, an- 
nounced his project to certain benevolent persons of Boston, 
who at once entered heartily into his views. His original 
plans were substantially adopted, an act of incorporation 
obtained, a board of executive and medical officers appointed, 
and the hospital was opened in a private house, in July, 1869. 

3 



18 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

From that time to the present, as a member of the board of 
managers and of the medical staff, he has been identified with 
the institution. The hospital has, up to the present time, cared 
for more than 1,700 sick and maimed children. In view of 
his agency in its establishment he may properly be called the 
founder of The Children's Hospital. He is now a member of 
the Consulting Staff. 

In July, 1881, he was appointed Assistant Aural Surgeon 
to the Boston City Hospital. 

While the civil war was in progress, 8 March, 1863, there 
appeared in the " Boston Courier," from his pen, a list of the 
students of Harvard University who had served in the Army 
and Navy of the United States in the War of the Rebellion. 
More extended lists appeared subsequently in the same news- 
paper. In 1866, he published, as an appendage to the Trien- 
nial Catalogue, and at the request of the Corporation, a fuller 
list, and one still more extended was issued in connection with 
the Triennial of 1869. He is now at work on an historical 
memoir, based on the same roll, giving in a succinct way the 
services of Alumni of the University, including the profes- 
sional schools, in the same struggle. In connection with these 
labors, he has made large collections of autograph and other 
records, filling many volumes, which will probably find a rest- 
ing-place in the College Library. 

In 1873, he published the "Medical Register" for the cities 
of Boston, Cambridge, Charlestown, and Chelsea. This was 
followed, in 1875, by the " Medical Register for Massachusetts " ; 
and, in 1877 and 1880, by the "Medical Register for New 
England," — works intended for the use of the medical profes- 
sion, and containing much information relating to medical 
societies, hospitals, and dispensaries, institutions, schools, &c, 
in the States named. 

He was appointed Class Secretary at the annual meeting of 
the Class, June, 1882. 

He has written the following, and many other articles : — 



FRANCIS H. BROWN. Ill 

Dislocation of the Femur; Reduction after many Months. 

The Climate and Medical Resources of Madeira. 

The Fauna of Madeira. 

Hospital Construction, 1861. 

Painful Crepitation of the Tendons. 

Combined Wire Speculum and Retractor. 

The General Principles of Hospital Construction. (Article 
in Buck's work on Hygiene and Public Health, New York, 
1880.) 

List of Class Secretaries. (The Harvard Book.) 

Impacted Foreign Bodies in the External Meatus Audito- 
rius. 

The Metric System for Physicians. 

Arsenical Paper-Hangings. 

Indexes to Medical Literature. 

An Improved Pocket-Case. 



20 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



WILLIAM REED BULLARD. 



TT 7ILLIAM REED BULLARD, son of Asa (A.B., Ara- 
* V herst, 1828) and Lucretia Gunn [Dickinson] Bullard, 
was born in Boston, 7 September, 1837. Immediately on grad- 
uating, he went to Indianapolis, Ind., and entered upon the 
study of medicine with his uncle, Dr. Talbut Bullard, a prac- 
titioner in that city. He spent two winters in Boston, attending 
medical lectures at the Massachusetts Medical College, and, 7 
March, 1860, took his degree of M.D. He returned to Indian- 
apolis and practised with his uncle. In 1861, he was engaged 
in the examination of recruits for the Union Armv. In 1862, 
he had charge of a hospital for the relief of Confederate pris- 
oners taken at Fort Donelson. His health began to fail during 
the war, but he kept on with his duties till the hospital in 
which he was engaged was closed, when he visited Cambridge 
for a few weeks, and again returned to his practice in Indian- 
apolis. In the fall of 1865, he was a member of the Board of 
Health, and was busily engaged in investigating the subject of 
cholera, and its possible spread to Indianapolis. His uncle died 
in 1868,- and his business fell into the hands of Bullard. In 
the fall of 1866, he became satisfied that he could no longer 
bear the climate of Indianapolis, with the labors of his exten- 
sive practice. He went to Montana as assayer for a mining 
company ; spent the winter of 1866-67 in Philadelphia, pre- 
paring himself for his new work, and started for the West in 
May. His mining adventure came to naught, and he returned 
to Indianapolis and practised until June, 1870, when he again 



WILLIAM R. BULLARD. 21 

went to Montana, and reopened his office at Helena. In 1872, 
and again in 1874, his house and furniture were destroyed by 
fire. 

He married Mary N. Gilman, of Helena, 21 July, 1872. In 
September he moved to Radersburgh, Montana, where he re- 
mained for one year. He has had twins: Clara Gertrude and 
John Gilman, born 11 December, 1873. 

He is still at Helena, Montana, engaged in the practice of 
his profession. 



22 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



JOSEPH HORACE CLARK. 



JOSEPH HORACE CLARK, son of Humphrey and Almira 
[Jenckes] Clark, was born in the city of New York, 
8 January, 1837. 

His father's family was from Boston, his mother's from 
Rhode Island, — her great-grandfather, Joseph Jenckes, having 
been for many years deputy-governor and governor of the Col- 
ony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation. After the 
death of his parents, in 1851, Clark was adopted by his uncle, 
the late Elijah P. Clark, of Boston, and was prepared for Col- 
lege at the private schools of William P. Atkinson (1838), and 
Thomas G. Bradford (1822). 

From the spring of 1858 until early in the following year, he 
was principal of the High School at Uxbridge, Mass., and there 
began the study of the law in the office of George S. Taft. Re- 
turning to his home in Cambridge, he continued his law studies 
with Peleg W. Chandler and George 0. Shattuck, at No. 4, 
Court Street, Boston, and, in September, entered the Harvard 
Law School, where he took his degree in 1861. In April of 
this year, he made a voyage to Russia for the benefit of his 
health, visited St. Petersburg and Moscow, and returned to 
Boston in the fall. 

In February, 1862, he entered the army as second lieutenant 
in the First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, and, in May, 1864, 
was appointed aide-de-camp to his friend, General Francis C. 
Barlow, commanding the First Division, Second Corps of the 
Army of the Potomac. He joined his command at the opening 



JOSEPH II. CLARK. 23 

of the Wilderness campaign, and, a few days later, at the fight 
near Spottsylvania Court House, was taken prisoner while re- 
turning' from carrying orders to the front, and sent to Macon, 
Ga., then the general depot of Federal prisoners. lie was one 
of the officers selected by the Rebel authorities, in August, and 
sent to Charleston, S.C., to be placed under fire. In Septem- 
ber, all the prisoners were removed to Columbia, S.C., and, a 
few months later, to Charlotte, N.C., from which place he 
escaped in February, 1865, and, with three companions, suc- 
ceeded in making his way through western North Carolina and 
over the mountains to Tennessee, reaching Knoxville in safety, 
after a somewhat adventurous journey of thirty days. He 
rejoined his regiment, as captain, and was mustered out with 
it in August, 1865. 

Returning to Boston, he again entered the office of George 0. 
Shattuck, was admitted a member of the Suffolk Bar in Decem- 
ber, and soon after removed to St. Louis, where he began the 
practice of law in the following spring. In February, 1871, he 
was appointed clerk of the United-States District Court, at St. 
Louis, which office he still holds. He took his degree of A.M. 
in 1872. 

Apart from his official duties he is interested in various bus- 
iness enterprises. He is vice-president of the Hydraulic-Press 
Brick Company, of St. Louis, and for the last four years has 
been president of the Board of Directors of the University 
Club, of that city. 

He is unmarried. 



24 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



JOHN HOLMES CONVERSE. 



JOHN HOLMES CONVERSE was born at Frederick City, 
Md., 3 October, 1837. His father, Freeman Converse 
(A.B., Dart. 1830), was a native of Stafford, Conn., and, at the 
time of his son's birth, President of Frederick College, Md. ; 
his mother was Emily Miller, a native of Middletown, Conn. 
Converse passed his boyhood mostly at Leesburgh, Va., and 
Annapolis, Md. He was fitted for College near Baltimore, Md., 
and entered the Class in the first Sophomore term. 

After graduating, Converse passed his time in teaching and 
the study of law, and was admitted to the Maryland Bar in 
1866. He soon decided to take orders in the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, and, with this end in view, studied two years 
at Middletown, Conn., under Bishop "Williams, of Connecticut. 
He was ordained in 1868, went to Philadelphia, and served 
a diaconate of six months at St. Peter's Church in that city. 
He was then ordained to the priesthood, and remained in 
Philadelphia until the summer of 1869. In 1867, he took 
his A.M. 

He was "married, 20 October, 1868, to Jane B., daughter of 
Dr. William and Eliza Jones, of Natchez, Miss. 

In 1870, he took charge of a parish in Westminster, Md., 
where he remained until the summer of 1871 ; he then accepted 
an invitation to go to Racine College, Wis., with his friend, 
Dr. James Dekovcn. There he remained nearly ten years, 
part of the time as Professor of Latin, and part as Professor of 



JOHN II. CONVERSE. 25 

Latin and Greek. In the summer of 1881, he resigned his pro- 
fessorship and went to Bristol, R.I., to open a boys' boarding 
school of his own. He has also charge of a small parish. 

He has had five children : Agnes Howard, born 12 October, 
1871 ; Arthur Freeman, born 31 May, 1873, and died 4 August, 
1874 ; Eliza Baker, born 4 August, 1874 ; a son born and died 
17 February, 1876 ; and John Holmes, Jr., born 20 July, 
1878. 



26 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



•EDWARD THOMAS DAMON. 



EDWARD THOMAS DAMON, son of Thomas Jefferson 
and Rachel [Thomas] Damon, was born at Wayland, 
Mass., 19 April, 1835. 

After teaching at Saxonville, Mass., for the Rev. B. G. 
Northrop, until March, 1858, he returned home ; and shortly 
afterward went to Cambridge, where he began the study of 
medicine with Drs. J. Ware and M. and J. Wyman. While 
thus occupied, he was also engaged in teaching in the young 
ladies' school of the Misses Lyman. Damon died 30 Novem- 
ber, 1859, at his room in Appian Way, of confluent small-pox, 
which he contracted while visiting Rainsford-Island Hospital 
in Boston Harbor. 

His sickness was of about two weeks' duration. He was 
attended by Drs. Ware and Wyman ; and his sole watchers and 
nurses were his fellow-students in medicine, — Carmalt (M.D., 
Coll. Phys. and Surg., 1860) ; Yaughan (1856) ; Brown 
and Bullard (1857) ; Burt, Edes, Homans, and Walcott 
(1858) ; and Norton Folsom (m. 1864). To add to the 
mournful circumstances of his sickness and death, "the slight 
boon of a little earth" was denied, or rather, grudged him: 
his body was refused sepulture in his own town, — Wayland; 
and, from the superstitious horror of the scourge to which he 
fell a victim, the laborers at Mount Auburn refused to lower 
his body into the grave, or throw the dust over him. These 
last sad offices were performed by his associates in profes- 
sional study, — Bullard of our Class, and Walcott of 1858. 



EDWARD T. DAMON. 27 

An extract from French's description of Ins funeral is taken 
from the Class-book : — 

"Thursday morning (December 1) was appointed for the bur- 
ial of our friend. As a few of his friends gathered at the chapel 
at .Mount Auburn, one could not but imagine the drifting clouds 
and falling rain were sent in unison with the sadness of the day 
to them. His father, mother, sisters, and other relatives and 
friends from Wayland were present; Rev. Dr. Huntington, 
Drs. J. and M. Wyman, Dr. Nichols, nearly all of his asso- 
ciates in the Medical Class here, and, of our own Class, Bulla rd, 
Clark, French, Morse, and Smith. Dr. Huntington's service 
was short and simple: a few selections from the 'Book of 
Life' and a touching prayer, — touching to all of us, I think; 
for all present were either attached to or well acquainted with 
the dead. As the preacher ceased, and raised his head to pro- 
nounce a benediction on the living, the sun broke from the 
clouds and illumined the face of the speaker; giving him an 
expression of tranquillity, which we may make into an omen, 
that, after the tears and the sorrow, there shall be found peace 
and an unspeakable joy. 

" We wound in solemn procession (for the rain had now 
ceased) around the paths, till we reached ' Harvard Hill,' 
where, standing in a semicircle around the new-made grave, a 
last word was spoken to remind us that this was the last of 
earth ; and then the broken-hearted relatives and sorrowing 
friends turned to their homes." 

At the head of Damon's grave stands a monument erected 
by members of his College and Medical Class. It seems not 
inappropriate here, to copy one of the resolutions adopted at a 
meeting of the Medical Class, held shortly after his death, as 
a token of the estimation in which he was held bv them : — 

" Resolved, That, in the daily walks of life, we shall long 
mourn the silence of that voice, and the loss of ready sym- 
pathy of that friendship which existed between our friend and 
many of us ; that, in the high order of« talent he displayed, in 



28 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

the energy and zeal with which he was pursuing his studies, in 
his delicate perception and keen sense of all that was beautiful 
in the works of nature, and with every attribute of character 
to make him successful, there has died one who promised to 
become a most honored and distinguished member of our pro- 
fession ; that, in his excellent principles, his noble aim, his 
exemplary life, his elevated and consistent Christian character, 
we have lost at once a bright example and a guide." 



JOHN L. DEARBORN. 29 



JOHN LANGDON DEARBORN. 



JOHN LANGDON DEARBORN was born at Exeter, N.H., 
24 December, 1835. He was the son of Stephen W. and 
Eliza K. [King] Dearborn. 

Soon after graduating, lie went to Rock Island, 111., and was 
engaged in a bank at that place. He left the West in 1860, 
and spent some time in Exeter, N.H., where he was engaged in 
taking the census of the State ; he followed the returns of the 
State to Washington, D.C., and was employed in the Census 
Bureau until the spring of 1861, when he again returned to 
Exeter, and remained during the summer. During the winter 
of 1861-62, he taught a private school in Centre Harbor, N.H. 

In 1862, Dearborn engaged in the wholesale drug and oil 
business, in the employ of Messrs. Folsom & Dearborn, in 
Boston, his father being a member of the firm. He remained 
in this position until 1870, when he went to St. Louis, Mo., as 
cashier of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad. In 1876, he went 
to South Manchester, Conn., and spent two years in regaining 
his health. In November, 1878, he entered the auditing depart- 
ment of the Eastern Railroad, in Boston, Mass., and remained 
in this employment for three and a half years ; he took up his 
residence at Harrison Square (Dorchester), Boston, where he 
now is. At present he is not in business. 

He married, 13 November, 1862, Sarah Abbott Smith, of 
Exeter, N.H. He has five children : Samuel Stephen, born 15 
October, 1863 (studying mechanical engineering at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology); -Elizabeth King, born 4 April, 
1865 ; William Langdon, born 1 February, 1867 ; John, born 
27 March, 1868 ; George Knight, born 9 October, 1872. 



30 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



•HENRY LONGER DE SAULLES. 



HEXRY LONGER DE SAULLES, son of Louis and 
Amedee [Longer] De Saulles, was born at New Orleans, 
La., 22 July, 1838. 

In the summer of 1853, lie came to Cambridge, where he stud- 
ied with Tutor Chase, and entered our Sophomore Class in 1854. 
About this time his father retired from business, in New Orleans, 
and removed to New York. Re Saulles's father was the son of 
a French officer, of considerable distinction, and Sarah Rey- 
nolds, daughter of William Reynolds, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion ; his mother was the daughter of Amedee and Manette 
[De Buys] Longer, the former a native of France, the latter, 
of Louisiana. 

His father, in a letter dated Villa de Saulles, Pau, France, 
30 May, 1882, says: "After leaving Harvard . . . but six 
years more of life was granted to him. The first one of these 
was passed in a friend's counting-room, at New York. He 
elected for commerce rather than for law, which I had wished 
him to prefer. About a year later he went to New Orleans, 
and there remained until our domestic war broke out, when he 
was required to serve in the army. He joined a force called 
'Milcs's Legion,' commanded by a personal friend of his, Gen- 
eral W. R. Miles. Under elate of 22 August, 1863, General 
Miles wrote to me, from his prison in New Orleans, as follows: 
1 On his couch of death your son requested me to write to you 
concerning his fate. While at the head of his company, in the 
gallant discharge of his duty, he fell, mortally wounded, on the 



HENRY L. DE SAULLES. 31 

evening of the 3d of June, 1863 [at Tort Eudson, La.]. The 
ball entered his right breast. He lingered until the night of 
the 4th, when he calmly passed away. I was with him most 
of the night of the 3d; and at intervals, when sufficiently culm 
to converse, three subjects alone seemed to occupy his thoughts, 
— his mother, his father, and his country. I cannot refrain 
from saying of your son, that a truer gentleman never lived, 
a braver soldier never died.' My son's remains were placed in 
a family vault at New Orleans, whence I had them subsequently 
removed to New York, and interred at Greenwood Cemetery, 
in a piece of ornamental ground, which I own there." 



32 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



SAMUEL DORR. 



SAMUEL DORR, son of Samuel Fox and Elizabeth Chip- 
man [Hazen] Dorr, was born in New York, 11 June, 1836. 

He began the study of law in the office of the Hon. Francis 
0. Watts (1822), 1 October, 1857, making Boston his home. 
He remained with Mr. Watts three years, with the exception 
of one term passed at the Dane Law School. In September, 
1860, he was admitted to practice at the Suffolk Bar. On 
the 8th of December, in the same year, in company witli 
Bartlett, he sailed for Europe, where he remained, travelling 
with him and other friends, until the middle of January, 
1862. During this time, he travelled more or less thoroughly 
over Great Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Holland, Belgium, 
Spain, and Egypt; spending also a fortnight in Constantinople 
and a week in Athens. He again sailed for Europe in April, 
1862 ; remaining abroad at this time about three years. He 
lived in Boston until 1869, when he removed to New York, 
and made that city his home until February, 1878, since which 
time he has been in Louisville, Ky. He made short trips to 
Europe in 1867, 1869, and 1871. 

He married Jane, daughter of the late John and Catherine 
[Ramsay] McEllroy, of Allentown, Pa., 17 May, 1873. 



HOWARD DWIGHT. 33 



♦HOWARD DWIGHT. 



HOWARD DWIGHT, son of William and Elizabeth 
Amelia [White] Dvvight, was born in Springfield, 
Mass., 29 October, 1837. 

After leaving College, he repeatedly expressed a wish to fol- 
low the bent of his tastes, and continue his education in some 
foreign university ; but other considerations had weight with 
him, and he soon turned his attention to manufacturing. He 
was thus occupied till the summer of 1859, when it was pro- 
posed to him to take charge of building and running a cotton 
press in Memphis, Tenn. He went to Memphis in September. 
His duties during that and the following winter were severe. 
He writes of rising in mid-winter at six o'clock, so as to be 
at the press when the men went to work, at seven ; and, as he 
was unable to leave his work at noon, he found himself obliged 
to satisfy himself with the corn-bread and bacon which the 
negroes lived on. He took the degree of A.M. in course. 
During the winter of 1860-61, his life was made, as he ex- 
pressed it, "one of turmoil and trouble," by the beginnings of 
rebellion in Tennessee. He writes: "I have had my eyes sud- 
denly opened to the fact that we are not one people ; and that 
I am almost certain to become a foreigner, while supposing 
myself at home." He also speaks on one occasion of going 
about among his secession friends, crying, "Liberty and Union, 
one and inseparable;" and adds, "I don't know that it did any 
good, but it certainly raised agreeable emotions in my breast, if 

not in theirs." One thus open in avowing his sentiments could 

5 



34 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

but find himself in an uncomfortable position as a citizen of 
Tennessee in 1861. Dwight was not a man to be intimidated ; 
but, from the day Fort Sumter fell till he left Memphis, his sit- 
uation was not without peril, and to his friends at home this 
was a season of great anxiety on his account. He could not, 
however, leave his post at that time, and he remained long- 
after rebellion was rampant around him, in order to protect 
the property of others which was in his hands. 

He entered the service as first lieutenant in Stackpole's 
company in the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers, his 
commission dating 1 September, 1861. While he was recruit- 
ing for his company in Northfield, Mass., he was induced, by 
the advice of his brother, 1 to apply to General Fremont for a 
position in his department, and was appointed by him, 4 Octo- 
ber, second lieutenant in the Fourth Missouri Cavalry, called 
the Fremont Hussars. 21 March following, he was commis- 
sioned by the Governor of Missouri first lieutenant, to date 
from 4 October. He was commissioned captain, 4 November, 
1862, to date from 4 September. He passed unharmed through 
the hardships and dangers of the Missouri campaign, and, 10 
November, was appointed by the President captain and assist- 
ant adjutant-general of volunteers, and ordered to report to 
Brigadier-General Andrews. On the staff of General Andrews, 
Captain D wight saw active service in the Department of the 
Gulf. He participated in all the stirring scenes of the Teche 
campaign, during the spring of 1863, and there distinguished 
himself by his gallantry, as he had before done on the battle- 
field of Pea Ridge. At the time of his death, 4 May, he was 
temporarily attached to the brigade of his brother, General 
William Dwight, to whom he was bearing despatches from 
General Banks. General Dwight himself says, in an official 
report : " Captain Dwight had passed the artillery attached to 
this brigade in a wagon in which he was driving, when, finding 

1 Wilder Dwight (1853), Lieutenant-Colonel Second Massachusetts Volun- 
teers; died 19 September, 18G2, of wounds received at Antietam, Md. 



HOWARD DWIGHT. 35 

his progress impeded by the army wagon train, he lefl his 
wagon and mounted his horse, to ride forward and join my 
advance. He had passed a point at which there is a turn in 
Bayou Boeuf, when he was ordered to halt. Ee was in a 
place where all previous experience authorized him to suppose 
that he was in little or no danger. ... On reaching the 
edge of the bayou, he found himself confronted by three rebel 
cavalrymen, who were on the edge of the bayou, at the 
water's edge. He asked, ' Who are you ? ' The reply was, 
1 Who are you?' and the three rifles were brought to bear upon 
him. In this position, he submitted to the necessity of the case, 
and surrendered himself a prisoner. One of the rebels then 
said, 'He's a damned Yankee: let's kill him!' Captain 
Dwight calmly replied, ' You must not fire: I 'm your prisoner.' 
Again the rebels said to each other, ' Shoot the damned Yan- 
kee ; ' and immediately one of them fired. The ball passed 
through Captain Dwight's brain, killing him instantly. The 
scene was witnessed by three boys, who remained by the body 
until the arrival of our cavalry. ... He died with the same 
imperturbable bravery which had marked his life. His placid 
features, after death, retained the same expression which had 
been natural to him in life." The body of Dwight was carried 
to New Orleans, and borne to his former residence there, to 
await the departure of a steamer for the North. While his 
body thus remained in New Orleans, the room was visited daily 
by members of the " Union Association of Colored Women," 
who decorated the room with white linen and green branches, 
and covered the coffin with the freshest and sweetest flowers. 
After his death, resolutions were passed by his brother officers, 
showing that in that relation he was hardly less valued than he 
was by the band of classmates who, a few weeks later, were 
called on to offer to the bereaved family a similar expression of 
their sympathy and sorrow. 



36 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



EZRA DYER. 



EZRA DYER, son of Ezra C. and Caroline E. [Tiffany] 
Dyer, was born in Boston, 17 October, 1836. 

In September, after graduating, he again devoted himself to 
the study of medicine, in which he had already spent some time. 
In May, 1858, he became house surgeon at the Massachusetts 
General Hospital in Boston, and spent the following year at 
that institution. He took his degree of M.D. in 1859, and that 
of A.M. in course. Soon after completing his year at the Hos- 
pital, he went abroad. He spent three months as an interne at 
the Dublin Lying-in Hospital, and then went to the University 
of Bonn, where he studied medicine and German ; thence to 
Vienna, where he became so much interested in ophthal- 
mology that he decided to devote himself exclusively to that 
branch of the profession. He spent the next winter in Berlin, 
and studied with Von Graefe ; afterwards in Paris, Utrecht, 
and London. He returned in November, 1861, and established 
himself as an oculist in Philadelphia. In 1862, he became act- 
ing assistant surgeon, United-States Army, and took charge of 
the eye wards in the Satterlee United-States General Hospital, 
West Philadelphia. He left the service in 1865. 

9 September, 1863, Dyer married Lucy Merrill Kempton, 
daughter of James C. and Elizabeth [Wain] Kempton, of 
Philadelphia. They have one child, — a son, Ezra Francis, 
born Commencement morning, 20 July, 1864. In 1873, Dyer 
moved to Pittsburgh, Pa., where he is now practising his 
specialty. 



EZRA DYER. 37 

He is a member of the International Ophtlialmological 
Society, American Ophtlialmological Society, American Oto- 
logical Society, Ophthalmologische Gescllschaft, in Heidelberg, 
American Medical Association, Pennsylvania Medical Society, 
Alleghany County Medical Society, the American Academy of 
Medicine, and the American Metric Bureau. He is Ophthalmic 
and Aural Surgeon to the Pittsburgh Free Dispensary, and to 
the Pittsburgh Infirmary. 

He has written the following papers: — 

On Asthenopia not Connected with Hypermetropia. Trans. 
Am. Ophthal. Soc. 

Fracture of Lens from Death by Hanging. Ibid. 

New Method of Applying Pressure to the Eye. Ibid. 

Sarcoma of the Conjunctiva. 

On the Treatment of Asthenopia by Systematic Exercise. 
Report Internat. Ophthal. Cong., N. Y., 1876. 

Sympathetic Ophthalmia. Reports Perm. Med. Soc, 1879. 

On the Metric System in Medicine. Ibid. 

The Metric System in Schools. Educational Voice. 



38 • THE CLASS OF 1857. 



WILLIAM HENRY ELLIOTT. 



WILLIAM HENRY ELLIOTT, son of Ralph Emons 
(1818 ; M.D., Harv. 1824, and Coll. Phys. and Surg., 
N. Y., 1821) and Margaret Cowper [Mackay] Elliott, was 
born in Savannah, Ga., 10 March, 1837. 

From October, 1857, till July, 1858, Elliott was in the med- 
ical department of the University of Virginia; till April, 1860, 
he studied and practised medicine in New York, for the last 
fourteen months as interne in Bellevue Hospital. He took his 
degree of M.D. at the University of Virginia in July, 1858, 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, 
in March, 1859, and at the Savannah Medical College, in 
March, 1872. He planted rice on the Ogeechee River, Ga., 
till November, 1861, when he entered the Confederate service 
as a volunteer in the medical department. He was examined 
and commissioned as assistant surgeon, C.S.A., 6 February, 
1862, and served till the surrender of General J. E. Johnston, 
in May, 1865. Since February, 1867, he has practised med- 
icine in Savannah. 

In June, 1879, he was appointed Inspector of the National 
Board of Healtb, in which service he is now engaged during 
the summer season. He has been a member of the Georgia 
Medical Society since 1867, and was its President in 1877. 
He is also a member of the Georgia Historical Society. In 
1867, he was made Adjunct Professor of Chemistry in the 
Savannah Medical College, Professor of Anatomy in 1870, 
and Professor of Surgery in 1875. He is a member of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 



WILLIAM II. ELLIOTT. 30 

He married Sidney E., daughter of Benjamin Edward and 
Maryanne [Mackay] Stiles, 27 March, 1862. He lias had 
the following children: Henry, born 10 August, 1863; Edward 
Stiles, born 3 November, 1865; Clelia Peronneau, born L9 
September, 1867; Wallace McQueen, born 14 March, l<s7<», 
died 7 June, 1872 ; Phoebe Herbert, born 19 April, 1871 ; 
William Mackay, born 1 November, 1873; Katherine Vernon, 
born 16 January, 1881, died 12 December, 1881. 

During the summer of 1877, Elliott made a trip to Europe 
to restore his health, which had been seriously impaired by an 
attack of yellow fever in the epidemic of 1876. For the past 
three years, he has travelled to a considerable extent, along the 
coast of the United States from New York to Key West, in 
the performance of his duties as an Inspector of the National 
Board of Health. In the summer of 1880, he established a 
general quarantine station for the South Atlantic ports at 
Sapelo Sound, Ga., of which he has since had the charge. He 
has written sanitary reports on certain ports of Florida for 
the report of the National Board of Health for 1879. 

In April, 1882, he spent a few days in Boston, and was seen 
by many members of the Class. In company with Folsom, he 
visited Cambridge, and expressed himself pleased with the 
Class window, " In Memory of Members of the Class who 
fell in the War." 



40 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



ARON ESTEY FISHER. 



A RON ESTEY FISHER was born in Boston, Mass., 16 
July, 1836. He is the son of Warren and Nancy Dicks 
[Simmons] Fisher. 

In 1859, he went in the bark "Eolus" to Barbadoes, St. 
Thomas, and Gonaives in St. Domingo. "While there the rev- 
olution broke out which upturned Souluque's government and 
made Geffrard President. He came home as bearer of de- 
spatches to our government. He then sailed in the bark " Ben. 
Burgess" to Curacoa, thence to Cuba, and in Royal Mail S.S. to 
Nassau with Sir William Gore Ousley, Minister to Costa Rica. 

He took his degree of A.M. in course. He then entered the 
office of George S. Hale in Boston, for the study of law, and 
remained in this employment until the war. 

In September, 1862, Fisher enlisted as a private in the Forty- 
fifth Mass. V.M., for nine months' service. He was afterwards 
detached, and sent with Captain Hook, of the regular army, 
on the first Charleston expedition. He was soon appointed 
second lieutenant and aide-de-camp on the staff of Brigadier- 
General Ledlie, afterward first lieutenant and senior aid, and, 
finally, assistant adjutant-general on the same staff. When the 
steamer " Escort " ran the batteries below Newborn, in May, 
1863, he volunteered to accompany the expedition, and was 
accepted. To him was assigned the duty of throwing the lead, 
which he coolly performed while the steamer ran past eight 
miles of batteries. He returned on the steamer again, running 
the gauntlet of the rebel batteries with General Foster. While 



ARON E. FISHER. 41 

coming out of the cabin on tills trip lie was unceremoniously 
knocked down the companion-way by the explosion of a shell. 
Fortunately he escaped uninjured, although a fragment of the 
shell lodged in his clothes. His coolness and bravery secured 
the warmest encomiums of the officers, and led to his appoint- 
ment as lieutenant and aide-de-camp on Brigadier-General 
Ledlie's staff. He received official recognition of his bravery 
by the officer commanding the expedition. 

In 1868, he went to China in the ship "Golden Gate" ; soon 
after his return, he went to the Cape of Good Hope, Algoa 
Bay, Batavia, and Java, later to Montevideo and Buenos Ayres, 
and again to Java, to Falmouth, England, and then to the 
United States, since which time he has been living in Boston 
and Cambridge. He has been a justice of the peace, a Knight 
Templar, and a member of the Numismatic and the Historic 
Genealogical Societies. His present address is 186, Wash- 
ington Street, Boston, Mass. 



42 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



HORACE NEWTON FISHER. 



HORACE NEWTON FISHER, son of Francis and Lydia 
[Kittredge] Fisher, was born in Boston, Mass., 19 
October, 1836. 

He entered the Dane Law School in September, 1857, and 
remained there two years. In 1859, he went to Europe in 
company with his brother, John Herbert Fisher (s. 1863) ; 
travelling in most of the countries of Europe, and in Egypt 
and the Holy Land. They returned in June, 1861. Fisher 
entered the service as volunteer aide-de-camp, with the rank 
of first lieutenant, on the staff of General Nelson, 14 Feb- 
ruary, 1862 ; and, in this capacity, was engaged at the occu- 
pation of Nashville, 26 February, and the battles of Pittsburg 
Landing, 6 April, and Shiloh, 7 April, and also at the siege 
of Corinth, 8-29 May. He received the rank of captain, 
18 May, and was assigned to the staff of General A. McD. 
McCook. In the fall of 1862, while still acting as a volunteer, 
without pay, he was appointed military engineer, and, still later, 
topographical engineer. He became assistant inspector-general 
of the Twentieth Corps, with the commission and rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel, 21 May, 1863; and, in October, inspector of 
the department. While in the discharge of his duty, he 
received a severe injury, which entirely disabled him, and 
obliged him to return home; and, after some delay, he was 
forced to resign his commission, 10 November, 1863. He 
remained at home for some months, in very feeble health, 
and, in October, 1864, sailed for Buenos Ayres. He travelled 



HORACE N. FISHER. 43 

extensively in South America, and, in June, 1865, returned 
home, much improved in health. He received a commission 
as consul of Chili in Boston, dated Santiago, 2 November, 
1876. lie again visited South America, in June, 1879, and 
remained there until December, 1880. 

He has written many editorial articles on South American 
affairs for Boston newspapers. In 1877, he commenced a 
series of carefully prepared papers upon South America, which 
were published in the Boston " Sunday Herald," and other 
papers. These papers started the public interest in South 
American and Spanish American affairs, even before the Chili- 
Peruvian war broke out. 

He married Kia Mason, daughter of Dr. William Mason 
(m. 1832), of Charlestown, 13 November, 1865. He has had 
the following children : Francis Mason, born 20 September, 
1866, died 7 April, 1882; Mary Lydia, born 1 August, 1868; 
Sarah Goddard, born 13 March, 1870 ; Horace Cecil, born 12 
January, 1872. 

He now lives at 36, High Street, Charlestown, Mass. 



44 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*JOHN LAMSON FLAGG. 



JOHN LAMSON FLAGG, son of John and Abigail [Hobbs] 
Flagg, was born at Nashua, N.H., 11 September, 1835. 
In August, 1857, he began the study of his profession in the 
office of the Hon. David L. Seymour, in Troy. In the winter, 
he attended the Law School, in Albany, for three months; and, 
in May following, was admitted to the bar. He continued his 
studies, however, till 1 January, 1859, when he took the degree 
of LL.B., at Albany, and formed a partnership with the Hon. 
Job Pierson, under the title of Pierson & Flagg; Mr. Pierson 
died in April, 1860. A few months later, Runkle went to 
Troy, and the two formed a partnership under the name of 
Runkle & Flagg, for the joint practice of the law. 5 March, 
1862, Flagg was elected Justice of the Justices' Court, of Troy, 
and appointed by the Common Council as police magistrate of 
the city, holding this office till 1865 ; in December follow- 
ing, he was elected President of the Troy Young Men's 
Association, an institution for intellectual and social im- 
provement, in which he had already held prominent offices. 
He took his A.M. at Commencement, 1862. Flagg was elected 
mayor of the city of Troy, 6 March, 1866, and entered upon 
the duties of his office on the 18th of the same month. In 
his speech of acceptance, John told his constituents : " You 
have confided to my integrity, and you have reposed in me for 
safe keeping, the honor of our municipal name; and, while 
thanking you for this proof of your confidence, I promise that 
the trust you have reposed in me shall not be betrayed." He 



JOHN L. FLAGG. 45 

was elected to the lower house of the Legislature of New York, 
in 1868, and re-elected in 1869, 1870, and 1871. He was a 
Director of the Troy City Bank from 1864 to 1874. 

Flagg married Ellen Hathaway Brown, of Providence, R.I., 
12 July, 1860. His son John was born, 7 June, 1863. 

He died suddenly at Troy, 11 May, 1874, and is buried at 
Weston, Mass. 



46 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*GEORGE McKEAN FOLSOM. 



GEORGE McKEAN FOLSOM was born in Cambridge, 
Mass., February 6th, 1837. His father was Charles Fol- 
som, a gentleman whose life was devoted to literary pursuits, 
and who is well remembered as having long been the librarian 
of the Boston Athenaeum. He was a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege in the class of 1813. Folsom's mother was Susanna Sarah 
McKean, a daughter of Rev. Joseph McKean, formerly Boyl- 
ston Professor of Rbetoric and Oratory in the College. Mrs. 
Folsom, her sons diaries W. and Norton, and her daughter 
Mary E., are the surviving members of the family. 

Folsom's autobiography in the Class Book, and the memo- 
randa added by him in the First Report of the Class, published 
in 1866, have already given the facts of his earlier history, but 
it is proper to spread them once more upon this the completed 
record of his life. 

His birthplace was Cambridge, but when he was four years 
old his father removed his family to Boston, and there a part 
of Folsom's boyhood was spent. His home was in Temple 
Place, " next door to Storrow," he writes, " and very near to 
H. N. Fisher (with whom I occasionally fought amicably), 
and to Stack pole." 

Miss Paddock's school, on the site of the granite reservoir 
on Hancock Street, now fast disappearing, appears to have 
been the first nursery of his infant mind, and he "also tasted 
the charms of the public grammar school on Mason Street, but 



GEORGE M. FOLSOM. 47 

abominable scamps of boys and dim visions of rattan made 
his stay there very short." 

In his ninth year, the family returned to Cambridge, and 
George was for a while under the instruction of Mr. Edmund 
B. Whitman (1838), one of whose assistants happened to be 
Mr., now Professor, George Martin Lane (1846). Folsom did 
not profit much by Mr. Whitman's care. He was soon released 
from the school, and then passed some months at the Athe- 
naeum, nominally studying Greek and Latin grammar under 
parental instruction, but, as we may well believe, really devour- 
ing hundreds of books. "From this Paradise," he entered the 
Cambridge High School, of which Elbridge Smith was at the 
time master, and there completed his preparation for College. 

He entered Harvard College as a Freshman in 1853. In his 
Freshman year he roomed with Bnbier in S. 4 ; he was at 
home during his Sophomore year ; in his Junior year he was 
Librarian of the Institute, and, when a Senior, was a chum of 
Lincoln in H'y 16. During these years he passed through the 
familiar experiences of the undergraduate. He did not aim at 
high scholarship, yet his time was by no means wasted. To 
books he was chiefly given. He lost few opportunities of cul- 
tivating his fine taste for English literature, and he had a 
delicate appreciation of the ancient classics. In these days, 
however, his classmates remember him chiefly as the generous, 
affectionate, and unselfish friend, who ever afterward proved 
the same to them. 

He was a member of many societies. His room, always 
brightened by his genial and benevolent humor, was a favorite 
resort where no one failed of a cheerful welcome. Of these 
days, he wrote that they were "far happier than I can hope for 
hereafter." At the close of the course, he was at once selected 
as the Class Secretary, as one by whom, better than any other, 
its interests would be cherished ; and no small portion of the 
friendly feeling, which the members of the Class have always 
displayed toward each other, is due to the fidelity with which 
he kept his trust. 



48 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

After graduating, from October, 1857, to November, 1858, 
lie taught school at Rawlings's Station, Maryland, at the invi- 
tation of Judge Rawlings, the principal citizen of the vicinity. 
From the following March, to November, 1860, he was an in- 
structor in the Eliot High School at Jamaica Plain, Mass., and 
the succeeding winter he passed with the Laighton family, at 
Appledore, Isles of Shoals, teaching Oscar and Cedric Laigh- 
ton, and gaining in health and strength. This winter he 
greatly enjoyed. His own amiable disposition made him a 
welcome member of this cultivated family ; and although at 
times for weeks without communication with the mainland, he 
delighted in the unaccustomed seclusion, and was fascinated by 
the alternate beauty and wildness of the lonely island in the 
quiet or the storms of winter. 

From September, 1861, to September, 1862, he was engaged 
in teaching the children of Mrs. Alfred Rodman, at Dedham ; 
and afterwards, until May, 1865, he lived in Cambridge, an 
inmate of S. 7, Tutor Chase's old room, and a member of the 
once-dreaded Parietal Board. At this time he was partly 
occupied with private pupils. His sympathetic nature well 
fitted him to instruct, and in this work and in kindred duties 
undertaken later, perhaps his best success was attained. 

During a part of this latter period, he was a member of the 
Divinity School at Cambridge. This he entered in 1863, and 
he graduated from it in 1866. Nearly a year of the interval, 
from May, 1805, to February, 1866, he travelled in Europe. 

On the 12th of December, 1866, he was ordained pastor of 
the First Church of Christ, in Groton, Mass., a Unitarian 
parish. 

On the 8th of the following January, he married Susan 
Cabot Jackson, the eldest daughter of Charles Jackson, Jr., 
and Susan Cabot Jackson, of Boston. Immediately after his 
marriage, he went to live in Groton. Their only child, a 
daughter, Amy, was born on 16 November, 1867. She sur- 
vives her parents. 

In April, I860, he left the parish in Groton, removed to 



GEORGE M. FOLSOM. 49 

Dedham, and was installed pastor of the First Church and 
Society in that town, another Unitarian parish. While liv- 
ing in Dedham, he was for several years an active and very 
influential member of the School Committee, and for a portion 
of the time its chairman. 

On the 27th of June, 1871, he suffered a severe blow in the 
loss of his wife. Although her illness had been long and pain- 
ful, her death was quite unexpected by her husband. Those 
who knew his tender nature, and how warm were his ordinary 
friendships, can better understand the devoted love he gave his 
wife. She was herself of lovely character, and had much influ- 
ence over her husband. The depression which followed this 
great loss was in some degree proportioned to the happiness of 
his married life, and although he gave himself manfully to his 
work and to the care of his daughter, the cloud was never 
quite lifted for the rest of his days. Something of his habit- 
ual cheerfulness he recovered, indeed never lost ; but he was 
never quite out of the shadow. 

He took the degree of Master of Arts in 1872. In March, 
1875, he resigned his pastorate at Dedham, and, with it, further 
labors in the ministry. In the course of the year, he removed 
to Boston. He was elected one of the first Board of Super- 
visors of Schools in that city, for a term of two years from 
March 21, 1876, and was subsequently re-elected for a similar 
term. His home in Boston was for a part of the time with his 
wife's family, and for a part of the time he was a housekeeper 
with his brother, Dr. Norton Folsom. 

Twice he revisited Europe : once in July and August, 1879 ; 
and again in May, 1880. He returned from the latter visit in 
the following December. Thereafter, he devoted himself to 
various studies, to arranging his father's private papers, and 
he gave the last four months of his life, as Class Secretary, 
to a most faithful and painstaking collection of every variety 
of material which could illustrate the personal history of the 
members of the Class, in preparation for a volume to be pub- 

7 



50 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

lished upon the recent twenty-fifth anniversary of their gradu- 
ation. 

To his duties as Secretary he had always given himself with 
the warmest interest. He had sought out all the members of 
the Class, and either with them or the friends of those deceased 
had maintained such a correspondence as kept him fully in- 
formed of their history. His letters, by the friendly interest 
they display, excellently illustrate his kindly nature. He was 
faithful at the annual Commencement gatherings, and like a 
father welcomed the returning children. His classmates felt 
a touch of especial sadness that his summons came before he 
could complete and enjoy his last laborious work. Although 
most of his friends noticed no change in his health, yet a few 
had observed a failure of strength in the last two years of his 
life, manifesting itself in a stooping and feebler gait, and, per- 
haps, in other ways. He was reticent as to himself, however, 
and uncomplaining to the last, and probably was unaware that 
he was seriously ill. He was confined to his bed less than 
a single day, and on Saturday afternoon, May 20, 1882, he 
died at his home, 88, Marlboro' Street, Boston. The cause of 
his death was ascertained to be an ossification or calcareous 
hardening of the arteries which supply the substance of the 
heart, a form of disease not easily detected. 

The news of his death, appearing in the morning papers of 
the following Monday, brought to his friends the first intel- 
ligence, even of his illness, and was a most painful surprise. 
A Class meeting was held in Boston on the following Tuesday, 
and many of his classmates had the sad privilege of attending 
the funeral services, in the afternoon, at Mount Auburn Chapel, 
and of following him to his last rest by the side of his wife. 

Folsom inherited from both father and mother a character of 
peculiar sweetness. His mind and heart were in the closest 
harmony with all that is refined in literature, in music, and in 
human nature. While he loved all books, it was among the 
writers who abound in quaint humor, wit, and humanity that 



GEORGE M. FOLSOM. 51 

he found chief delight, and, while in music his car was accurate, 
his voice rich and true, and his taste perfect, yet he liked best 
those songs which had an element of humor and most of human 
nature. He was universally beloved. His gentle nature sought 
and generously found among all his acquaintances some trait 
of character, deeply hidden it may be, yet one with which he 
was in full sympathy, and which easily became the bond of a 
close interest and even friendship. Add to this his thorough 
unselfishness, his complete readiness to serve any friend, and it 
is not strange that he possessed the unfailing gift of diffusing 
happiness and securing affection, — that of him no unkind word 
was ever spoken. Modest, gentle, with no element of coarse- 
ness in his nature, cheerful even in his severest sorrow, un- 
ambitious, seeking no prominent position, yet manly and self- 
respecting, content to do his work well in the paths he had 
chosen, his memory will never fade from the affectionate 
remembrance of all his classmates. 



52 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



GEORGE HENRY FORSTER. 



GEORGE HENRY FORSTER, son of Henry and Mary 
Taber [Swift] Forster, was born in Charlestown, Mass., 
20 June, 1838. 

After graduating, he entered the office of the Chicago, Bur- 
lington, & Quincy R.R., in Boston, and remained in the railroad 
business until 20 September, 1860. He took his A.M. in course. 
He then commenced the study of law with Messrs. Weeks & 
De Forest, in New York, and was admitted to the bar in May, 
1861. He entered the firm of Weeks, De Forest, & Forster, 
1 January, 1862, and, since 1865, in company with John A. 
Weeks, has been in the practice of his profession at 58, Wall 
Street, New York. 'He was a member of the New York 
Assembly in 1876, and Senator in 1880-81. 

He was in the Syracuse Convention of 1876, with Mr. George 
W T illiam Curtis, when the fight was made which sent Mr. Curtis 
as an Anti-Conkling delegate-to the Cincinnati Convention, and 
prevented Mr. Conkling from having New York solid for him. 
In the Saratoga Convention of 1876, he opposed Cornell for 
Governor. In the Rochester Convention of 1877, and in the 
Saratoga Convention of 1878, he again fought Conkling. In 
the Utica Convention of 1880, he opposed Conkling and Arthur, 
and helped elect the twenty-nine Anti-Grant delegates who de- 
feated Grant at Chicago. In the New York Senate of 1881, he 
was one of the Senate Caucus Committee, and, as such, refused 
to go into caucus, and took part, from that time, in the defeat 
of Conkling and Piatt. He was nominated for United-States 



GEORGE II. FORSTER. 53 

District Attorney by President Hayes, but was not confirmed 
by the Senate. He was the Republican nominee for District 
Attorney of New York City in 1881, but was defeated by 
John McKeown. 

He married Constance, daughter of Henry L. and Almira 
S. [Wood worth] Atherton, 17 October, 1867. He has had the 
following children: Henry Atherton, born 26 September, 1868 
Reginald Hathaway, born 26 July, 1870, died August, 1872 
Constance Edith, born 26 October, 1872, died August, 1874 
Frederick Everard, born 9 December, 1874 ; Ada Atherton, 
born 10 February, 1877, died 19 April, 1882. 

He has written various pamphlets, articles, and bills on taxa- 
tion, usury, and other public and local questions. His home 
for the past eleven years has been at Riverdale Park, formerly 
in Yonkers, N.Y., but now a part of New York City. «His 
office is at 58, Wall Street. 



54 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



FRANCIS ORMOND FRENCH. 



FRANCIS ORMOND FRENCH, son of Benjamin Brown 
(A.M. Dart., 1825) and Elizabeth Smith [Richardson] 
French, was born at Chester, N.H., 12 September, 1837. The 
family of French originated in Scotland, migrated to North 
Ireland, and thence to Epping, N. H. His paternal grand- 
mother was sister of Francis Brown, President of Dartmouth 
College, by whom his father was fitted for College. His ma- 
ternal grandfather was William Merchant Richardson (1797), 
who was a member of Congress, from Massachusetts, during 
the second war with Great Britain, and later moved to New 
Hampshire, of which State he was Chief Justice from 1816 
to his death in 1838. 

During his boyhood, French lived in Washington, D.C., and 
until August, 1852, when he entered Phillips Exeter Academy. 
He entered Harvard College at the beginning of the Sophomore 
year. After graduating, he studied law, at first in Washington 
and later at the Dane Law School, where, in 1859, he received 
the degree of LL.B. He was for a year the Librarian of the 
school. In the spring of 1860, he moved to New York, and 
was admitted to the bar in May of that year. 

He was married in Washington, D.C., 5 March, 1861, to 
Ellen, daughter of Amos Tuck (A.B., Dart., 1835), of Exeter, 
N.H. He moved to Exeter and practised law in partnership 
with Mr. Tuck, who had meanwhile been appointed Naval 
Officer at the Boston Custom House. In September, 1862, 
French was appointed Deputy Naval Officer at Boston, and, a 



FRANCIS O. FRENCH. 55 

few months later, Deputy-Collector of Customs. He held the 
last position until March, 1865, when he resigned, to go into 
partnership with S. A. Way, G. W. Warren, and A. P. Potter, 
at Boston, doing business as a private hank under the style of 
Bank of the Metropolis. In April, 1870, he formed a partner- 
ship with George L. Foote, under the style of Foote & French. 
The following autumn, he was engaged by the firm of Jay Cooke 
& Co., to organize foreign exchange business in connection with 
their London firm, Jay Cooke, McCulloch, & Co., and moved to 
New York City. This engagement continued until the failure 
of Jay Cooke & Co., in September, 1873, an event wholly 
unexpected by the London firm, whose liabilities at the time 
were about ten millions of dollars. The firm of Jay Cooke & 
Co. were forced into bankruptcy, but their assets have realized 
more than their liabilities ; the London firm was sustained, 
however, and paid all its obligations, including a debt of more 
than a million to the United-States Navy Department, of 
which the London firm was the financial agent. This liquida- 
tion engaged the attention of French for some years. In 1874, 
with two members of the old firm of Jay Cooke & Co., French 
became interested in the First National Bank, of New York, 
and took part in the several funding contracts with the United- 
States Treasury, until the United-States four per cent loan had 
been all marketed. 

In 1877, he induced the Director of the Mint to prepare a 
general treatise on money and on legal tender of the United 
States, which French revised and edited. His famous corre- 
spondence with Secretary Sherman, of the date of 18 June, 
1877 (House Report, 46th Cong., 2d Sess., Ex. Doc. No. 9. 
Nos. 150 and 152, pp. 79 and 80), was widely circulated 
throughout Europe, and, when in London in 1878, gave him a 
grateful recognition from the late Baron Rothschild, the Gov- 
ernor of the Bank of England, and Patterson, the economic 
writer. The correspondence is reproduced here as a matter 
of history : — 



56 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

New York, 18 June, 1877. 

Hon. John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D.C. 

Sir, — I enclose a slip from the ".Journal of Commerce" (not a 
political paper), giving a clear history of the silver dollar. 

• ••• • • • a 

If we are to have silver dollars, with unlimited tender and free 
coinage, then, it is said, silver coin is receivable for duties, and, from 
necessity, both interest and principal of the public debt must be paid 
in silver. Gold will disappear. The new market will advance, for a 
time, the value of silver to the disappointment of the advocates of 
depreciation. But when, under the vast supplies of the world, silver 
again declines, we perpetuate a depreciated and fluctuating currency, 
with all attendant evils. 

And if, while restoring silver, we still pay gold on the bonded debt, 
the discrimination continues between bondholders and people, — odious, 
and inviting constant assaults against the " favored class." 

There should be one and the same dollar for the bondholder and 
for every other creditor, public and private, and for every working- 
man ; and that, the dollar of uniform and stable value throughout the 
world, and now of greatest purchasing power, gold. And the people, 
the producing class, the workers, are the most interested in restoring 
the gold standard, and not the bondholders nor the mine-owners, not 
the merchants, bankers, and traders, for these middle-men can protect 
themselves whatever happens. 

We seem to repeat the experience of ten years ago, when it was 
urged, on technical grounds, that Five-twenties were payable iu paper, 
whereby our credit was greatly impeded. It was not until May, 1869, 
after the passage of the credit act, that the great advance in United 
States bonds marked the sound policy of that honest measure. 

So now, while your proposition to limit the issue of the silver dol- 
lar — token dollars — will preserve the public faith, those who wish 
for a depreciated dollar will be satisfied with nothing less. 

Therefore, while the public mind is not yet made up, we need an 
emphatic declaration from the Administration, which will crystallize 
intelligent and honest sentiment, that by no quibble will the Govern- 
ment undertake to repay in silver the sums it now seeks to borrow 
in gold. Then is the success of the " Fours" assured, and with that, 
resumption in 1879. 

With great respect, 

F. O. French. 



FRANCIS o. FRENCH. 57 

Treasury Department, Washington, 19 .June, 1 877. 
Frmicis O. French, Esq., No. 94, Broadway, New York. 

Sir, — Your letter of the 18th instant, in which you inquire whether 
the four per centum bonds now being sold by the government are pay- 
able, principal and interest, in gold coin, is received. 

The subject, from its great importance, has demanded and received 
careful consideration. Under the laws now in force, there is no coin 
issued or issuable in which the principal of the four per centum bonds 
is redeemable, or the interest payable, except the gold coin of the 
United States of the standard value lixed by the laws in force on the 
14th of July, 1870, when the bonds were authorized. The govern- 
ment exacts in exchange for these bonds payment at their face in such 
gold coin, and it is not to be anticipated that any future legislation of 
Congress, or any action of any department of the government, would 
sanction or tolerate the redemption of the principal of these bonds, or 
the payment of the interest thereon, in coin of less value than the 
coins authorized by law at the time of the issue of the bonds, being 
the coin exacted by the government in exchange for the same. The 
essential element of good faith in preserving the equality in value 
between the coinage in which the government receives, and that in 
which it pays these bonds, will be sacredly observed by the govern- 
ment and the people of the United States, whatever may be the system 
of coinage which the general policy of the nation may at any time 
adopt. This principle is impressed upon the text of the law of July 
14, 1870, under which the four per centum bonds are issued, and 
requires, in the opinion of the executive department of the government, 
the redemption of these bonds, and the payment of their interest, in 
coin of equal value with that which the government receives upon 
their issue. 

Very respectfully, 

John Sherman, Secrelanj. 
The letter was submitted to the Cabinet before it was sent. 



In 1878, French went to Europe for live months, on account 
of impaired health. In the spring of 1880, he sold out his 
interest in the First National Bank. Soon after, lie became 
interested in a projected railway in Virginia, the Richmond & 

8 



58 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Alleghany, 1 of which he became president. The main line of 
the road was completed 12 September, 1881, and was opened 
with some ceremony, on the completion of the Lexington 
Branch, 15 October, 1881. 

French lived in Roxbury, Mass., 1862-64; Reading. Mass., 
1865; Boston, 1867; Milton, 1868; Dorchester, 1870, and 
New York until the present. He has had the following chil- 
dren : Elizabeth Richardson, born 17 December, 1861 ; Amos 
Tuck, born 20 July, 1863 (a member of the Class of 1885 in 
Harvard College) ; Benjamin Brown, born 26 January, 1872, 
died 4 February, 1873 ; Ellen, born 15 June, 1879. 

He has written many financial and economic papers. His 
address is 33, West Thirty-seventh Street, New York. He has 
a house on Wellington Avenue, Newport, R.I., in which he 
spends the summer months. 

1 This railway is the line of communication between the seaboard and the 
West by the Valley of the James, and was initiated a century ago. George 
Washington was the first President of the James River Company. 



WILLIAM G. GOLDSMITH. ,V.I 



WILLIAM GLEASON GOLDSMITH. 



\ T HLLIAM GLEASON GOLDSMITH was born at An- 

* * dover, Mass., 28 November, 1832. He was the son of 
Jeremiah and Elizabeth [Gleason] Goldsmith. 

Alter graduation, he studied law in the office of N. W. 
Hazen, of Andovcr, and at the Law School in Cambridge, until 
5 December, 1858. He was elected principal of the Punchard 
Free School, Andover, 1 November, 1858, and resigned 11 
April, 1870. On account of a disastrous fire the school was 
temporarily discontinued. On the re-opening of the school, in 
September, 1871, he was re-elected principal and continues to 
hold that position. During the interval between resignation 
and reappointment, he was the Peabody Instructor of the 
Natural Sciences in Phillips Academy, Andover, and after the 
death of Dr. Taylor, acting principal. He took his Master's 
degree in course. 

He married, 29 March, 1865, Joanna Bailey, daughter of 
Peter and Louisa [Wilson] Holt, of North Andover. He has 
had the following children : Clara Gleason, born 16 February, 
1866, died 4 March, 1873 ; Clarence, born 29 May, 1874. 

He travelled in England, France, Italy, and Switzerland in 
1877. In June, 1882, he again visited Europe with his family. 

His address is Andover, Mass. 



60 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



CHARLES PERCIVAL GORELY. 



^HARLES PERCIVAL GORELY. In February, 1859, 
^— y he engaged as sub-master in the Taunton (Mass.) High 
School, and remained in this situation till August, 1863, when 
he was appointed principal of the school. He took his A.M. 
in 1865. He left Taunton in 1866. 

In the fall of 1866, he commenced the study of law in the 
office of Smith & Bates, in Boston ; he was admitted to prac- 
tice in December, 1869, and has followed his profession in 
Boston until the present. His address is now 4, Pemberton 
Square, Boston. 



GEORGE GORHAM. 61 



GEORGE GORHAM. 



GEORGE GORHAM was born in Canandaigua, N.Y., 25 
May, 1837. His parents were Nathaniel and Mary 
[Parsons] Gorham. His great-grandfather, Nathaniel Gor- 
ham, was one of the framers of the Constitution of the United 
States, being a delegate from Massachusetts. Gorham was 
fitted for College at Phillips Exeter Academy. 

After graduating, he went home to Canandaigua, N.Y., 
where he immediately entered the law office of Messrs. Smith & 
Lapham, and was admitted to the bar 8 June, 1858, that being 
the earliest moment possible after he attained his majority. In 
a few days after admission to practice, he was made managing 
clerk for Messrs. Smith & Lapham, and continued with them 
in that capacity till July, 1860. He then opened an office for 
himself, and, 24 October, 1860, married Emily A. Hall, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Nathan K. Hall, of Buffalo, N.Y., United-States 
District Judge for the Northern District of New York, and 
Postmaster-General under President Fillmore. After his mar- 
riage, he remained in Canandaigua till 80 March, 1861, when 
he took up his residence in Buffalo, and lias since lived at that 
place. Soon after coming to Buffalo, he was offered the posi- 
tion of clerk of the United-States District Court, which he 
accepted and continued to hold until 1867. He then resigned 
and entered upon private practice, confining himself largely to 
the Bankruptcy Law, so long as that act remained upon the 
Statute Book. He was a member of the firms of Bass & Gor- 
ham from 1867 to 1870, and of Spraguc (1846) & Gorham, 



62 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

and Sprague, Gorham, & Bacon till 1879; since then he has 
had no partner. A daughter, Emily Grace, was horn, 23 Au- 
gust, 1861. His wife died, after a long illness, 29 May, 1863. 
He has held the offices of notary public, commissioner of deeds 
for the Western States, treasurer of the Ontario County Agri- 
cultural Society, recording secretary of the Buffalo Historical 
Society, and United-States Commissioner. He is president of 
the City Club of Buffalo, vice-president of the Young Men's 
Library Association, and treasurer of the Bar Association. 
On the 14th June, 1866, he married Ellen, daughter of 

7 7 o 

Edward and Prances [Perry] Marvine, of Auburn, N.Y. He 
has by this marriage Frances Perry, born 17 March, 1867; 
Nathaniel, born 6 January, 1869; Marvine, born 1 November, 
1870; Mary Parsons, born 21 June, 1875; Margaret Robert- 
son, born 29 May, 1877. 



EDWIN GROVER. »'» :> > 



•EDWIN GROVER. 



EDWIN GROVER, son of Simeon and Abigail [Hager] 
Grover, was born 24 March, 1835, at Newton Upper 
Falls, Mass. 

After graduation, Grover taught school in Jamaica Plain for 
a year, and then read law for a year ; he was admitted to the 
Suffolk Bar in May, 1859, and to the New York Bar in Decem- 
ber following. He occupied his leisure hours in writing for 
the New-York "Times" and the Philadelphia "Inquirer," and 
with private pupils. 

On his twenty-fifth birthday, 21 March, 1800, he married 
Anna M. Porter, of Lawrence, Mass., daughter of Thomas and 
Julia Porter, formerly of North Dighton, Mass. 

Grover returned to Massachusetts in August, 1861, built a 
house in Brookline, and entered it in February, 1862. He 
took an office at 17, State Street, Boston, and began the prac- 
tice of law. In the spring of 1863, he was appointed trial 
justice in Brookline. He started for the Southwest, 14 Decem- 
ber in the same year, to collect claims for the trustees of T. & 
E. Batcheller & Co., of Boston. He had proceeded as far as 
Duvoll's Bluff, on White River, Ark., on his way to Little 
Rock, when he was taken sick with congestion of the liver, 
brought on by change of climate ; and, after an illness of three 
or four days, died, 20 January, 1864, on board the steamboat 
"Polar Star." His body was sent to Massachusetts, and 
deposited in a tomb in Brookline, 15 February. 



64 THE CLASS OF 1857 



•JOSEPH AUGUSTINE HALE. 



JOSEPH AUGUSTINE HALE, son of Joseph (1828) and 
Helen Lucretia [Gookin] Hale, was born at Pawtucket, 
Mass., 2 December, 1835. 

From August, 1857, to February, 1859, he was principal of 
Bristol Academy, in Taunton, Mass. He took his degree of 
A.M. in course. In February, 1859, Hale was appointed usher 
iu the Boston Latin School. This position he held till July, 
1866, discharging its duties with singular devotedness, and 
beloved by his pupils. At that time he sailed for Europe, 
intending to return in November and resume his position in 
the school, but circumstances favored his passing the winter in 
Europe. His anxiety to reach Switzerland before the season 
was too far advanced, led him rapidly through England and 
France, staying only long enough in London and Paris to see 
what was of especial interest. Much of his journeying in 
Switzerland was on foot in company with a friend, and his 
bright, picturesque letters show what pleasure this near com- 
munion with the glorious union of mountains and glaciers and 
waterfalls gave him. He was seen by Brown, in Vienna, in 
June, 1867, apparently in good health. At the coronation at 
Pesth, 10 June, he took a severe coLd, which resulted in con- 
sumption, and rapidly terminated his life. 23 July, he wrote 
Brown a long letter from Badenweiler, in the Schwarzwald, 
describing his sickness. It is on tile with the Class papers. 
Brown visited him at this place somewhat later and found him 
very ill. He died 18 September, 1867. On a day described as 



JOSEPH A. HALE. 65 

one of the loveliest of autumn, his remains were placed in the 
little church-yard at Baden wciler, followed to the place of their 
long rest by one near relative and a few German and American 
friends. Prayers were said in German, and a band of children 
from the village sang sweet hymns around the grave. The 
spot has since been marked by a simple monument of brown 
stone. 



QQ THE CLASS OF 1857. 



FRANKLIN HAVEN. 



FRANKLIN HAVEN, son of Franklin and S. A. [Curtis] 
Haven, was born in Boston, 11 October, 1836. 

In September, 1857, he went with Sowdon to Europe, where 
he spent the following winter in travelling. In 1859, he was 
admitted to the bar in Iowa, and, in 1861, in Boston. He took 
his A.M. in course. 15 April, 1862, Haven was commissioned 
as captain and aide-de-camp, U.S.A., on the staff of General 
McDowell. In 1864, he went to California on the staff of 
General McDowell ; and was commissioned lieutenant-colonel 
of the Second California Cavalry. He resigned 12 April, 
1865, and returned to Boston, where, soon afterward, he 
opened an office with Stackpole, for the practice of law, at 
30, Court Street. He was an aid to Governor. Bullock, with 
the rank of lieutenant colonel, from January, 1866, to Janu- 
ary, 1869 ; United-States sub-treasurer at Boston from 15 
June, 1868, to March, 1879. In 1868, he went to Cuba with 
Higginson. Since 15 January, 1879, he has been actuary of 
the New-England Trust Company in Boston. He was Chief 
Marshal at Commencement, 28 June, 1882. 

He is a member of the Massachusetts Military Historical 
Society, Boston Society of Natural History, and of a few 
Boston clubs. 



AUGUSTUS A. HAYES. 67 



AUGUSTUS ALLEN HAYES. 



AUGUSTUS ALLEN HAYES was born in Jamaica Plain, 
Roxbury, Mass., 8 September, 1837. He is the son of 
Augustus Allen and Henrietta Bridge [Dana] Hayes. 

After graduating, he went to Cuba by sailing vessel, return- 
ing by way of New Orleans and the Mississippi River. In May, 
1858, he sailed for China in the ship "Mandarin," arriving at 
Hong Kong in ninety-six days. in the autumn, he went to 
Shanghae, which was his headquarters for nearly sixteen years. 
He left China in February, 1865, for a visit to the United 
States, and returned about twelve months later. In July, 
1869, he again came home, by way of Japan and San Francisco. 
He returned by the same route and reached Hong Kong in 
July, 1870. He took his A.M. that year. 

In February, 1871, he came home, and was married, 10 
April, 1871, to Emily Rolker, daughter of William H. and 
Frances [Hastings] Fuller. 

He returned to Shanghae with his wife in June. In Feb- 
ruary, 1874, he finally left China by the French mail steamer, 
and went, through the Suez Canal, to Europe. On first arriv- 
ing in China, he became a clerk in the house of Olyphant & 
Co., and, in 1864, was authorized to "sign the firm." 1 July, 
1866, he became a partner, and, 31 December, 1874, he retired 
from the house. 

After travelling in Europe for a year, Hayes came to the 
United States with his wife. He lived in Boston for a year, 
and then removed to New York. 



68 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

After leaving the China business, he was not actively and 
continuously occupied until the summer of 1880, when he 
assisted in the introduction of the Brush Electric Light, and 
became secretary of the company ; he now holds this position. 
He has been, also, president of the Copper Queen Mining Co., 
and is a director in other commercial enterprises. For the last 
four years he has devoted considerable time to literature. He 
was editor of " The Hour," for a time, is the New- York corre- 
spondent of the Boston "Daily Advertiser," and has rela- 
tions with the Harpers. He is a Fellow of the American 
Geographical Society (and one of their lecturers), and of the 
Royal Geographical Society of London. He is also a member 
of the Trinity Church Association, University Club, Harvard 
Club, Metropolitan Museum, Eleventh District Republican 
Association, and the Civil-Service Reform Association. While 
in China, he served at the defence of Shanghae against the 
Taeping Rebels, was private and quartermaster sergeant of 
volunteer infantry, and, later, lieutenant, commanding a light 
(horse) battery. 

He has a daughter, Florence Rowan, born 26 November, 
1872. 

He has written "New Colorado and the Santa Fe Trail," 
Harpers, N.Y., 1880, pp. 200, with illustrations; "The First 
Railway in China," and many periodical articles. 

His address is 112, East Twenty-fifth Street, New York. 



JAMES J. HIGGINSON. 09 



JAMES JACKSON HIGGINSON. 



JAMES JACKSON HIGGINSON, son of George and Mary 
Cabot [Lee] Higginson, was born in New York, 19 June, 
1836. 

After graduating, he lived in Boston till March, 1858, when 
he sailed for Europe. There he remained till the summer of 
1862, engaged in study. He reached home at the end of Sep- 
tember, 1862. After staying at home three weeks, he went to 
Washington, and obtained the position of agent in the Sanitary 
Commission; he was thus engaged six weeks, until he obtained 
a commission as second lieutenant in the First Massachusetts 
Cavalry, his commission bearing date 6 January, 1863. He 
joined his regiment at once, and served with it till the end of 
the war, filling successively the grades of first lieutenant, cap- 
tain, and brevet-major, U.S.Y. He was nine months a prisoner 
in Libby Prison, Richmond. 

He married, 11 November, 1869, Margaret Bethune, daugh- 
ter of Archibald and Elizabeth [Bethune] Grade, of Elizabeth, 
N.J. He has the following children : Margaret Grade, born 
19 January, 1872 ; Elizabeth Bethune, born 5 June, 1875 ; 
Dorothy Lee, born 7 August, 1878. 

He lives at 16, East Forty-first Street, and is a member of 
the banking firm of Chase & Higginson, at 24, Pine Street, 
New York Citv. 



70 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



THORNDIKE DELAND HODGES. 



THORNDIKE DELAND HODGES, sou of John and 
Mary 0. [Deland] Hodges, was born in Salem, Mass., 
19 December, 1836. 

He studied law at the Dane Law School till August, 1858, 
and at Salem until June, 1859. He engaged in practice at 
Haverhill, Mass., and remained there till August, 1862, when 
he enlisted as a private in Company F, Thirty-fifth Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, and was appointed sergeant shortly afterward. 
He was engaged in the battles of South Mountain and Antie- 
tam, Md., and Fredericksburg, Va. In March following, 
Hodges was commissioned second lieutenant in the Thirty- 
fifth, and held this position till the next April, when he was 
promoted to captain in the First North-Carolina Volunteers, 
afterwards known as the Thirty-fifth United-States Colored 
Troops. He was in active service in Virginia, Kentucky, the 
Carolinas, and Florida, and, after his last commission, was 
mostly on staff-duty with Generals Foster, Hatch, Gilmoro, 
and Devens. 10 January, 1866, he was honorably discharged 
on resignation, and, on the 27th of April, opened an office in 
Boston for the practice of law. In September, 1866, he 
resumed his office in Haverhill. 

He was married, 25 April, 1867, to Mary Williams Bowen, 
a niece of Professor Francis Bowen. 

In the winter of 1868-69, he was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Legislature. In the winter of 1869-70, he removed 
to New York, and shortly after to Elizabeth, N.J., where he 



TIIORNDIKE D. HODGES. 71 

has remained to this time. Since October, 1881, he has also 
had an office in New York, where he may be found at 160, 
Broadway. 

He has four children : Mabel Thorndike, born 30 January, 
18G8 ; Charles Bowen, born 29 June, 1870 ; Fanny Edwina, 
born 14 July, 1872 ; and Richard Osgood, born 1 April, 1877. 



72 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*GEORGE HOLLINGSWORTH. 



GEORGE HOLLINGSWORTH, son of John M. and Em- 
meline [Cornell] Hollingsworth, of Groton, Mass., was 
born 29 July, 1836. 

After graduating, he went to Groton, Mass., to reside, and 
took charge of a paper-mill at Pepperell. In the winter of 
1857-58, he taught a school at Walpole, Mass. In the 
spring, he recommenced paper-making at Pepperell. He died 
of typhoid fever at Groton, 8 August, 1859. 



JACOB F. HOLT. 73 



JACOB FARNUM HOLT. 



JACOB FARNUM HOLT was born at Greenfield, N.H., 24 
July, 1831. His parents were Farnum and Lucy Cum- 
mings [Fevey] Holt. 

In July, 1857, he began the study of medicine in Lowell, 
Mass., and, in September of the same year, removed to Phil- 
adelphia, and entered the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania. He took his medical degree in March, 1859. 
On the 13th of April, he commenced practice at 420, South 
Eighteenth Street, in Philadelphia. In September, 1859, he 
obtained a position in the Polytechnic College, in Philadelphia, 
as instructor in chemistry and physics, and, subsequently, in 
biology ; at the same time he gave instruction in physics, 
chemistry, and physiology to private pupils and schools. 

In May, 1862, he was examined for the military medical ser- 
vice, passing No. 1 in a class of twenty-four. He was appointed 
acting assistant surgeon, U.S.A., and was assigned to duty in 
the U.S.A. General Hospital at Sixth and Master Streets, Phil- 
adelphia. In July, he was ordered to report in New York for 
transport duty between Northern cities and the seat of war. 
He soon returned to the Master-Street Hospital, and, after the 
battle of Antietam, to the Race-Street Hospital, Philadelphia, 
where he remained until the breaking up of the hospital in 
March, 1863. He was then transferred to the McLellan Hos- 
pital, Nicctown, Pa. In June, he examined the first negro 
troops received into the service from Pennsylvania, the Third 
Regiment, U.S.C.T., and was sent to Camp William Penn at 

10 



74 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Chelton Hills, Pa., to take charge of that camp of colored 
recruits. While at camp, the Third, Sixth, Eighth, Nineteenth, 
Twenty-second. Thirty-second, and other regiments of colored 
troops were organized. In April, 1864, he was sent to the 
Summit-House Hospital, near Darby, Pa. 

In November, 1864, he left the service and again engaged in 
private practice at 1139, Pine Street, Philadelphia. He also 
taught private pupils and schools, and resumed his old place 
in the Polytechnic College. 1 October, 1867, he was elected 
Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, and Natural History in 
the Central High School, Philadelphia, which position he 
still holds. He states that he has the finest collection of 
specimens, models, diagrams, and pictures, illustrating his 
branch, to be found in any similar institution in the country. 
During the past four years he has given special attention to 
ophthalmology. 

He is a member of the Sydenham Medical Coterie, the Phil- 
adelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, the Microscopic and 
Biological Section, and the Philadelphia County Medical Soci- 
ety. In 1873, he made a hasty tour in Europe. He took his 
A.M. in 1871. 

His present address is 1935, Poplar Street, Philadelphia. 



GEORGE A. HOOD. 75 



•GEORGE ABBOTT HOOD. 



GEORGE ABBOTT HOOD, son of George and Hermione 
[Breed] Hood, was born in Lynn, Mass., 7 September, 
1835. 

Soon after graduating, Hood went to Louisville, Ky., and 
became a partner in the firm of Davis, Green, & Co., wholesale 
dealers in boots and shoes, and remained a citizen of that place 
till 1864. 

He married Emma J. Calvert, of Louisville, 23 November, 
1858. On the 6th of December, 1859, his first child, Ella 
Hermione, was born. In 1860, he took his degree of A.M. in 
course. In September, 1861, a second daughter, Hally Monks, 
was born. 

During the War of the Rebellion, Hood's position in Louis- 
ville was a trying one. A classmate, writing soon after his 
death, says: "His conscientiousness and his loyalty to our 
country, when in the midst of a city at least half rebel, was an 
honor to his native State, and stands forth the more prominent 
and attractive, when we consider how greatly those sons of 
New England, who had recently removed from the North to 
the South, were given to backsliding, especially when their 
pecuniary interests were to be benefited thereby. The busi- 
ness house in which Hood was a partner was seriously crip- 
pled by the Rebellion; their market was Southern: yet Hood 
retained his manhood, and was uncompromising in his loyalty 
to the Government, regardless of the present or future results 
to his success in business." Speaking of the war, Hood him- 



76 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

self says, under date of October, 1862 : " It is a severe trial, 
and will bring to the test all the inherent vital power of our 
glorious institutions. But the right must prevail ; and our 
proud fabric of government wiU pass through this severe 
ordeal, and, purified and regenerated, is yet destined to occupy 
the highest place in the temple of fame." 

A third daughter, Persis Calvert, was born at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, 8 July, 1863. During this year, Hood's health failed ; 
and he was obliged to relinquish his business relations, and 
return to the East. He went to his mother's house in Lynn, 
Mass., where he spent the remainder of his days. In Louis- 
ville, Hood was much respected for honesty, integrity, and 
sobriety in business and social circles. By the friends lie had 
made there, his absence was sincerely regretted, and his death, 
at a later day, was deeply lamented. 16 January, 1865, his 
third daughter died ; and, in June, another child was born and 
died. Hood visited Cambridge, and was seen by many of the 
Class for the last time at Commencement of this year. During 
the month of August, he visited Princeton, Mass., where he 
spent some time. He returned to Lynn in the early fall, where 
he passed his remaining days happily in the company of his 
family, and finally passed away on the 20th of October. Thus 
died Hood, one who, to use the words of our Class resolutions, 
" was endeared to us by a kind heart and amiable character, 
whose integrity of purpose and high sense of honor and duty 
commanded our admiration, while his abilities as a scholar and 
a man received our respect." 



CHARLES P, EORTON. 77 



CHARLES PAINE HORTON. 



CHARLES PAINE HORTON, son of Henry Kenney and 
Helen M. [Barnes] Horton, was born 1 October, 1836, 
at Boston. 

In the winter of 1857-58, he went to New Orleans and 
Mobile, returning to Boston, 19 April, 1861. He was appointed 
second lieutenant in the Second Massachusetts Volunteers, 23 
April; mustered into United-States service, 11 May, 1861. 
He served in Virginia in the summer of 1861, under Gen- 
eral Patterson, and in Maryland and Virginia under General 
Banks. He was promoted to be first lieutenant, 6 Novem- 
ber, 1861, and served in the campaign of 1862 at Strasburg, 
Newtown, Winchester, Cedar Mountain, Rappahannock, South 
Mountain, Antietam, &c. He was promoted to be captain and 
assistant adjutant-general, United-States Volunteers, 1 July, 
1862. In this capacity he served on the staff of Brigadier- 
General George H. Gordon, commanding the Third Brigade, 
First Division of Banks's Corps. He was transferred to the 
staff of General George S. Greene, commanding the Second 
Division, Second Corps, Army of Virginia, during the cam- 
paign of 1863. He was present at the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, and in subsequent battles. He was actively engaged in 
the campaign of Gettysburg, and the engagements which fol- 
lowed it. He was appointed, in October, 1863, to the staff of 
Major-General Heintzclman, commanding the Department of 
Washington, afterwards transferred to command of Depart- 



78 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

ment of the North. Horton was brevetted lieutenant-colonel 
and major, United-States Volunteers, 16 March, 1865. He 
was mustered out of service in October, 1865. 

He is unmarried ; is now a member of the firm of Bangs & 
Horton, and is engaged in business in Boston, at 16, Kilby 
Street. 



SOLOMON LINCOLN. 79 



SOLOMON LINCOLN. 



SOLOMON LINCOLN, son of Solomon (A.M., Brown, 1822) 
and Mehitable [Lincoln] Lincoln, was born at Hingham, 
Mass., 14 August, 1838. 

After Commencement, he took a long vacation, which was 
passed mostly at Hingham, Mass., during which he was 
engaged in out-of-door sports and labors, especially in horti- 
culture. Late in the winter, he was appointed a Tutor at Cam- 
bridge, in place of Mr. R. H. Chase. This position Lincoln 
occupied five years and a half, having been first a Tutor in 
Greek and Latin, then in Greek, and finally in Mathematics ; 
and also, for a while, Registrar and Chairman of the Parietal 
Board. From March, 1858, to September, 1860, he occupied 
S. 7; he then took possession of H'y 11 and held it during his 
remaining connection with the College, until July, 1863. He 
received the degree of A.M. in course. During the last year of 
his tutorship, he attended the Law School ; and in 1864 
received the degree of LL.B. 

He sailed from Boston to Liverpool, 16 September, 1863, and 
made a brief tour in Europe, reaching home on Christmas eve. 
He speaks of an agreeable week he spent in Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, Eng., where he was very hospitably received. He 
entered the law office of Stephen B. Ives, Jr. (1848), of Salem, 
26 January, 1864. He was admitted to the bar, 20 October, 
and remained in Mr. Ives's office till July, 1865, when he was 
received by that gentleman as his partner. 

15 February, 1865, Lincoln married Ellen B., daughter 



80 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

of the Hon. Joel Hayden, of Haydenville, Mass., formerly 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Commonwealth, and Isabella Weir 
[Smith]. He has a daughter, Bessie, born 28 June, 1868. 

The firm of Ives & Lincoln was engaged in business in Salem 
until 1 January, 1867, when they opened an office in Boston, 
and continued practice in both places until 1 February, 1882 ; 
the partnership was then dissolved. Mr. George L. Huntress 
was a member of the firm during the last four years. 

Lincoln lived in Salem until 1 July, 1881, passing the 
winters of the latter years in Boston. Since that date, he has 
been a resident of Boston, and now lives at 241, Boylston 
Street; his office is in the Rialto Building, 131, Devonshire 
Street. He was aide-de-camp to Governor Talbot, of Massa- 
chusetts, with the rank of Colonel, in 1874, and aid and chief 
of staff to the same in 1879. He was chosen Overseer in Har- 
vard College in 1882. 

In 1874, he visited Europe with his family, and again, in 
1876. In 1879, he was appointed by Governor Talbot a Com- 
missioner to represent Massachusetts at a meeting of the Gov- 
ernors of the original thirteen States at Yorktovvn, Va., which 
was first held at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, and ad- 
journed to Yorktown, where a celebration was held in October, 
1879, preliminary to the more extended one in 1881. The lat- 
ter also he attended, as Commissioner, with Long, then Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth. 



JOHN I). LONG. 81 



JOHN DAVIS LONG. 



JOHN DAVIS LONG, son of Zadoc and Julia Temple 
[Davis] Long, was born at Buckfield, Me., 27 October, 
1838. 

After graduating, he went to Westford, Mass., and was the 
principal of Westford Academy for two years. He has since 
been a trustee of the Academy, and is now president of the 
Board of Trustees. 

In the fall of 1859, he entered the law office of Mr. Sidney 
Bartlett, in Boston, then and now at the head of the Suffolk 
Bar. In the fall of 1860, he entered the Harvard Law School 
and remained there till May, 1861. During this time he was a 
member of some of the law clubs, and, for a time, president 
of the Parliament. Returning to Maine, he studied law in 
Buckfield. In the summer of 1861, he was called to Boston 
by Hale of our Class, to fill his place, temporarily, as usher at 
the Public Latin School. In the fair, he made two or three 
stump speeches, and was a delegate to the Maine Republican 
State Convention. In the spring of 1862, he opened a law 
office in Buckfield, earning twenty-five cents the first day, and 
next to nothing after that. In the fall, he returned to Boston 
and went into the office of Mr. Peleg W. Chandler, and, after- 
ward, that of Charles Levi Woodbury & Milton Andros. In 
Mny, 1863, he engaged with Stillman B. Allen, and, in 1867, 
became his partner. This relation continued until Long became 
Lieutenant-Governor in 1879. In the summers of 1867 and 

11 



82 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

1868, he lived in Hingham; built a house there, and settled 
permanently in that town in 1869. 

He married Mary Woodward Glover, of Hingham, 13 Sep- 
tember, 1870. She was the daughter of George S. and Helen 
M. [Paul] Glover. His wife died in Boston, 16 February, 
1882. Since 1872, he has spent his winters at his house, 423, 
Beacon Street, Boston, and his summers at Hingham. 

His political life began in 1874, when he was elected to the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives for the session of 
1875. He was chairman of the Committee on Bills in the 
Third Reading, and sat next Mr. Speaker Sanforcl, who called 
him two or three times to the chair, and the next year he 
was chosen Speaker. He was re-elected to this position in 
1877 unanimously, and in 1878. In 1879, he was Lieutenant- 
Governor, and, in 1880, 1881, and 1882, Governor of the Com- 
monwealth. He is a member of many societies and clubs, 
including the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the 
Christian Union, the Historic, Genealogical Society, the Union 
Club, &c. He is president of the Unitarian Club and of the 
Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society. He has held no 
military office except that of Commander-in-Chief. 

He received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Harvard 
University in 1880. 

He has had three children : a daughter, born and died 28 
January, 1872; Margaret, born in Boston, 28 October, 1873; 
and Helen, born in Hingham, 16 June, 1875. 

In 1879, he published a translation of the iEneid, a second 
edition being published in 1881. He has written many ad- 
dresses: among them, one for the centennial of Independence 
at Marshfield, 4 July, 1875 ; and one for the One Hundred and 
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Settlement of the Town of Hanover, 
Mass.; Decoration Day Addresses for each of the last ten 
years ; articles for the papers, a short story or two, and some 
verses. Since entering public life, he has been called on to 
make speeches all over the Commonwealth, — on the stump, on 



JOHN D. LONG. 83 

the platform, in conventions of all sorts, in churches, at clubs, 
dinners, fairs, receptions of guests, anniversaries, and all 
manner of public occasions. In 1882, he delivered the one 
hundredth Fourth of July oration in Boston. 

In November, 1S82, he was elected to represent the second 
Massachusetts Congressional District. 



84 THE CLASS OF L857. 



*ABRAM LELAND LOWELL. 



# 



ABRAM LELAND LOWELL. He was born in Chester, 
Vt., in which State several generations of his family- 
have been physicians. After graduating, he began the study 
of medicine, and, in 1861, was one of the resident students 
at Bellevue Hospital, New York. 

He took his medical degree at Bellevue-Hospital Medical 
School in March, 1863, and engaged in his profession at 
Chester, Vt. 

He settled in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1872, and soon after was 
appointed Attending Surgeon to St. Peter's Hospital. He 
died of pneumonia, at his home in Brooklyn, 12 October, 
1882. 



CHARLES V. MAPES. 85 



CHARLES VICTOR MAPES. 



/^HARLES VICTOR MAPES, son of James Jay (LL.D., 
^-- y Williams College) and Sophia [Furman] Mapes, was born 
in the city of New York, 4 July, 1836. His grandfather on 
the paternal side, Jonas Mapes, was a major-general in com- 
mand of New York State forces in and around New York 
in the War of 1812. His great-grandfather, James Mapes, 
born in 1744 at Smithtown, Long Island, near New York, was 
a farmer. All the ancestors on this side were farmers on Long 
Island, back to 1640, when Thomas Mapes came from England 
and settled at Southold, Suffolk Co., Long Island, N.Y. In 
Thompson's "History of Long Island " (1839), Thomas Mapes 
is referred to as one of the seven leading colonists who, in com- 
pany with Rev. John Young, came from England, via New 
Haven, Conn., and founded at Southold the first settlement on 
Long Island. 

At time of graduating, owing to ill health and force of cir- 
cumstances, Mapes abandoned the idea of a medical profession, 
which would otherwise have been his choice, and, in the winter 
of 1858, entered the counting-room of B. M. & E. A. Whit- 
lock & Co., in New York, wholesale grocers largely engaged in 
Southern business. About one year later, in 1859, Mr. B. M. 
Whitlock, the senior partner, joined him, as special partner, 
contributing nearly all the capital, in the business of agricul- 
tural implements, fertilizers, &c. Their trade was almost ex- 
clusively Southern, and, by the time they thought they were 



86 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

prospering and on the high road to wealth, the war wiped out 
their Southern accounts and obliged them to succumb. 

Most of the time since 1862, he has been interested in the 
manufacture and trade in chemical fertilizers. Since 1877, he 
has been vice-president and general manager of "The Mapes 
Formula and Peruvian Guano Company " (a stock company 
organized in New York in 1877). During the past eight years, 
since 1874, he has devoted all the attention he could spare 
from business to the investigation of the special requirements 
in the way of plant food of the leading farm crops, particularly 
as affected by different character of soils, climate, &c, as well 
as by the distinctive habits of growth of the plants, rotation of 
crops, and general conditions. The field was comparatively a 
new one in this country. Some reference has been made to 
his work in the twenty-eighth (1880) annual report of the 
Massachusetts State Agricultural Board, page 84, also in a 
pamphlet just issued (1882) by the Department of Agriculture 
at Washington, D.C., as well as by the agricultural press. 
Among his contributions to agricultural journals, some of the 
longest have been published by the New Jersey State Board of 
Agriculture in their annual reports of 1878 and 1879, entitled: 
" Effects of Fertilizers on Different Soils," " Classification and 
Requirements of Crops," " Some Rambling Notes on Agri- 
culture." Two of these articles called forth rejoinders, not 
unfriendly in character, from Sir J. B. Lawes, of Rothamsted, 
England, and these replies were published in the New Jersey 
annual reports of the State Board of Agriculture, 1879 and 
1880, and also in the leading agricultural journals. 

He is a member of the American Chemical .Society and the 
Harvard Club of New York City, the Young Republican Club, 
of Brooklyn, N.Y., and of several agricultural societies of New 
York and New Jersey. He lives at 159, Congress Street, 
Brooklyn, and his place of business is 158, Front Street, New 
York. 

Mapes married Martha Meeker Halsted (grand-daughter of 



CHARLES V. MAP] 87 

ex-chancellor Halsted of New Jersey), 25 June, 1863. He 
has had the following children, all of whom are now living: 
Charles ilalsted, born 28 June, 1864 ; James Jay, born 17 Jan- 
uary, 1866 ;' Herbert Spencer, bom 28 February, 1868; Victor 
Royle, born 10 March, 1870; Clive Harbeck, born 9 September, 
1878. 



88 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



JOSEPH MAY 



JOSEPH MAY, son of Samuel Joseph (1817) and Lucretia 
Flagge [Coffin] May, was born in Boston, Mass., 21 
January, 1836. 

At the time of our graduation, May was at a water-cure on 
Lake Skaneateles, near Syracuse, N.Y., endeavoring to recruit 
his system, prostrated by a severe attack of illness in the early 
part of the Senior year. In March, 1858, he went to New York 
to join his brother, then about to start on a European tour. 
They sailed early in April, in the merchant ship, " W. S. Lind- 
say" ; and, after a voyage of eight weeks, reached Venice, their 
port of destination. Burt, of 1858, was their fellow-passenger. 
May spent some time in Switzerland, then passed through 
Bavaria, down the Rhine, to Paris and London, and then home. 
The next year he spent in Syracuse, making a visit in the mean 
time to Cambridge. In the spring of 1861, he went to Min- 
nesota, and returned in November, living the next year in 
New- York City. In the fall of 1862, he entered the Divinity 
School, and graduated there in 1865. '80 July, he began 
preaching at Yonkers, N.Y. ; and, being invited to settle 
there, was ordained in the ministry, and installed as pastor of 
Hope Church, on the 14th of September. 

He married Harriet Charles Johnson, daughter of the late 
Philip Carrigain Johnson, of Washington, D.C., 24 October, 
1865. 

Mrs. May died, after a brief illness, 5 February, 1881. 



JOSEPH MAY. 89 

He has the following children : Lucretia, born 10 November, 
1866: John Edward, born 23 March, 1868; Sarah, born 17 
January, 1870 ; William Ropes, born 19 January, 1874. 

May left Yonkers in July, 1867, and, after some months' res- 
idence in Syracuse, was settled in Newburyport, Mass., over 
the First Religious Society, in the spring of 1868. He re- 
mained in this pastorate until January, 1876, when he was 
installed over the First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia, 
where he now remains. 

In 1873, he made a voyage to Fayal, accompanied by his 
wife. In 1874 and 1875, he was absent in Europe, most of 
the time in the company of J. C. Ropes. 

His present address is 1306, Pine Street, Philadelphia. 



12 



90 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



ROBERT McNEIL MORSE. 



ROBERT McNEIL MORSE, son of Robert M. and Sarah 
Maria [Clark] Morse, was born in Boston, Mass., 11 
August, 18 07. 

In the autumn of 1857, he entered the law office of Messrs. 
Hutchins & Wheeler, in Boston, and remained there till Jan- 
uary, 1858, when he became assistant teacher in the Eliot High 
School, Jamaica Plain, Mass., still continuing the study of law. 
In March, 1859, he entered the Law School at Cambridge, where 
he spent two terms ; and in February, 1860, was admitted to 
the bar in Boston, after a due examination, and, since that time, 
has been in constant practice. For a few months, he occupied 
an office with J. W. Thornton, Esq. ; and, in June, took an 
office in Barrister's Hall with J. C. Ropes. He afterward 
formed a partnership with Richard Stone, Jr. (1861), and 
Charles P. Greenough (1864), which continued for several 
years, when Greenough retired, and since then the firm has 
been Morse & Stone. Their office is at No. 57, Equitable 
Building, Boston. 

In the fall of 1865, he was elected a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Senate for the year 1866, to represent North Norfolk 
District, comprising Roxbury, Brookline, West Roxbury, and 
Dorchester, and was re-elected for 1867. In 1880, he was Rep- 
resentative to the Legislature from Ward 23, Boston, serving 
as Chairman of the Judiciary Committee. In 1880, he was 
delegate from the Eighth Congressional District of Massachu- 
setts to the Republican National Convention at Chicago. He 



UOBERT M. MORSE. 91 

has been a member of several clubs: the Union, St. JBotolph, 
Unitarian (vice-president), Apollo (president), University, &c. 

Morse married Anna Eliza, daughter of James L. and Jeru- 
sha A. Gorham, of Jamaica Plain, 12 November, 1868. He 
has had the following children: Mabel, born 10 August, 1864 ; 
Arthur Gorham, born 15 October, 1865, died 15 October, 
1866 ; Harold, born 13 September, 1866, died 1 September, 
1868; Alice Gorham, born 19 November, 1867; Sarah Clark, 
born 12 August, 1872; Robert Gorham, born 23 August, 1874; 
Margaret Fessenden, born 28 November, 1877. 

He has travelled considerably in this country and in Europe, 
visiting the latter in 1873, 1878, and 1881. 

In 1880, he was elected an Overseer of the University for 
the term of six years. 

His present home is at Jamaica Plain, Boston, Mass. 



92 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



SAMUEL NEWELL. 



SAMUEL NEWELL, the son of Moses and Sarah [Moody] 
Newell, was horn 22 May, 1833. 

Soon after graduating, he entered the law office of Charles 
T. and T. H. Russell, in Boston, remaining there one year. 
He spent the next year at the Law School in Cambridge, and 
was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, 13 April, 1859. Newell left 
the Law School at the end of the summer term, and entered on 
the practice of his profession in Haverhill, Mass., in company 
with John J. Marsh, of that place. In July, 1860, he went to 
New York, and was admitted to practice there in the fall of 
that vear. He remained in New York till the summer of 1861, 
and then went to West Newbury, Mass. After continuing in 
this place until April, he entered into business once more in 
Haverhill with his old partner, John J. Marsh. In July, 1862, 
lie returned to New York and joined the law firm of Eaton, 
Tailer, & Newell, at 11, Pine Street. He is now alone in 
practice at 41, Pine, and 45, William Street, New York. 

He was married, 1 May, 1867, to Mary L., daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Marshall, of West Newbury, Mass. He has four 
children: Samuel, Jr., born 2 September, 1869; Marshall, born 
2 .April, 1871 ; Gerrish, born 26 May, 1873 ; Lizzie, born 18 
June, 1874. 

For the past fourteen years he has lived at Clifton, N.J. In 
1881, he bought a farm at Great Barrington, Mass., where he 
contemplates passing his leisure time, and indulging, to some 
extent, his taste for breeding Short-Horn and Jersey cattle and 
South-Down sheep, with the other et ceteras incident to rural 
life. 

He has held several offices of trust in the place of his 
residence. 



PATRICK A. O'CONNELL. 93 



- ^PATRICK ALOYSIUS O'CONNELL. 



PATRICK ALOYSIUS O'CONNELL, son of Maurice and 
Honora [Dennahy] O'Connell, was born 2 June, 1835, 
in Killarney, Ireland. 

Immediately after graduating, he entered upon the study of 
medicine, under the direction of Dr. Henry G. Clark, of Boston. 
He took his medical degree in 1860, and his master's degree at 
the same time. He established himself in Boston. On the 
breaking-out of the war, O'Connell became connected with the 
Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers as Assistant Surgeon, having 
been found by the State Board of Examiners " too young for 
the position of surgeon," in which capacity the regiment desired 
him to serve. After serving with the regiment for some time 
without a commission, he eventually accepted that of Assistant 
Surgeon, dated May, 1801. When first commissioned, the reg- 
iment was known as the Thirteenth, but afterwards became 
the Ninth ; and, on 11 June, he received a new commission, as 
Assistant Surgeon of the Ninth. He served with this regiment 
until September, when he resigned ; and, 25 October, he was 
commissioned Surgeon of the Twenty-eighth Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, without any further examination, although 
only a few months older than when he was found to be " too 
young" for the position of full surgeon. O'Connell served 
with the Twenty-eighth until the latter part of 1862, in South 
Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland ; was taken prisoner at the 
second battle of Bull Run, but got away in season to be 
present at the battle of South Mountain, on which held he was 



94 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

appointed Brigade Surgeon. After the battle of Antietam, lie 
was appointed Division Surgeon, and, in less than a month 
after, became Medical Director of the Ninth Army Corps, 
though almost the junior surgeon of the corps, both in years 
and in commission. He continued as Medical Director of the 
corps until it went to the West in 1863. He accompanied it to 
Kentucky, and then received orders to report back to the Army 
of the Potomac. After passing the required examination in 
Washington, O'Connell received the appointment of Surgeon of 
United-States Volunteers, 13 June. He was then ordered to 
the West, and put on duty as Medical Director of Indiana and 
Michigan. In September, he was ordered to East Tennessee, 
where he served as Medical Director of the Division of Re- 
inforcements, and of the left wing of the forces of East Ten- 
nessee, until the latter part of January, 1864, when he again 
joined the Ninth Army Corps. In March, he accompanied that 
corps to Annapolis, Md., where it was re-organized for the 
Wilderness campaign. Through the campaign of 1864, he 
served as Medical Inspector of the corps, also taking medical 
charge of Wilcox's Division. In November, he was relieved 
from duty in the field, and reported, in accordance with orders, 
to Major-General Dix, commanding department of the East, 
and was assigned to duty as chief medical officer at Hart 
Island, New- York Harbor, where he remained until March, 
1865, at which time he relieved Dr. A. B. Mott, in charge of 
the United-States General Hospital, Ladies' Home, New York. 
He closed his hospital, in accordance with orders from the War 
Department, in July, and was mustered out of the service in 
August. After leaving the service, he received a brevet as 
lieutenant-colonel of United-States Volunteers, to date from 
1 June, 1865. He established himself at 21, Harrison Avenue, 
in Boston, and again engaged in the practice of his profession. 
In 1868, O'Connell was elected colonel of the Ninth Regi- 
ment Mass. V. M. In July, of the same year, he was ap- 
pointed visiting surgeon to the Carney Hospital. 



PATRICK A. O'CONNELL. 95 

He went to Europe in September, 1871, and was there in 
June, 1872. 

He died of consumption at Santa Barbara, CaL, 6 January, 
1874. His body was brought to Boston for burial. 



96 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*SAMUEL BEECK PARKMAN. 



SAMUEL BRECK PARKMAN, son of Samuel Breck 
Parkman, was born on the Sand-hills, near Augusta, 
Ga., the summer residence of his father, 1 November, 1836. 

His father, a cotton merchant of Savannah, and for several 
years and at the time of his death president of the Marine 
Bank at Savannah, was, with his three eldest daughters and 
eldest son, lost in the steamer " Pulaski," between Savannah 
and New York, 14 June, 1838. Breck had been left, with 
two sisters, under the care of his maiden aunt, who ever after 
took the place of a loving mother to the little orphans. 

When still very young he was brought to the North and 
placed at Mr. Maurice's school, at Sing Sing on the Hudson, 
where he continued till he went to Cambridge. He was tutored 
by Mr. Felton for a year before entering College. After grad- 
uating, he read law in Savannah, and was admitted to practice 
in due time. He became a member of the Georgia Historical 
Society, and soon after joined the Savannah troop of cavalry. 
In the summer of 1860, he was in Europe, and spent some 
time in Switzerland with Dyer, P. C. Ropes, and Sowdon ; he 
returned in the fall, visited Boston, and there dined with some 
members of the Class. 

In January, 1861, he married Nannie Beirne, youngest 
daughter of Oliver Beirne, of Western Virginia. 

He probably entered the service of the Confederate States as 
first (some say third) lieutenant in Read's Georgia Battery ; 



S. BRECK PARKMAN. 97 

and he was reported as such at the time of his death. 1 His 
sister, the wife of Professor W. P. Trowbridge, of New Haven, 
says, he was ^ below Richmond, under General Magruder, in 
infantry Company K, of MacLaws' Division. He was promoted, 
with the rest of the company, to a battery for meritorious con- 
duct. From May to the latter part of August, he was around 
Richmond, under fire, but not in any fight, being in the reserve 
at Harper's Ferry and at Sharpsburg." Elliott, in a letter to 
Brown, under date of 30 September, 1865, says, " Breck Park- 
man was killed at Sharpsburg, on the 17th of September, 1862. 
He was lieutenant in a Savannah battery, was riding in the 
rear of the battery, which was engaged at the time, when he 
was struck down by a small ball from a spherical case which 
exploded near it, entered the right shoulder, and passed through 
the heart. No one saw him fall ; but he was found a moment 
after, dead. His remains were afterward taken up, and are 
now in the Beirne vault at Richmond." A year or two after, 
his body was removed to Laurel Grove Cemetery, Savannah, 
where a monument marks his final resting-place. 

After six years of widowhood, Mrs. Parkman married the 
Baron Emil von Ahlefeldt, of Schleswig Holstein. In April, 
1882, the Baroness von Ahlefeldt was in New York, her first 
visit since 1872, accompanied by her husband. He died in 
June, 1882. 

i New Orleans (La.) "Delta," September, 1862. See also Brown's letter to 
the Class Secretary from Sharpsburg, Md., giving the testimony of a Confed- 
erate captain. 

13 



98 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*JAMES AMORY PERKINS. 



JAMES AMORY PERKINS was born in Dorchester, Mass., 
9 July, 1836. He was son of William and Catherine Cal- 
lender [Amory] Perkins. 

He had determined on entering the mercantile profession ; 
and, with this object in view, in July, 1857, sailed for Calcutta, 
where he remained for several months, inquiring into all things 
relating to the business he had chosen for his future life. He 
returned overland by way of Europe, spending some months in 
travelling on the Continent, and reached home in June, 1859. 
He shortly after entered his father's counting-room, and, in the 
spring of 1861, became a partner in the house. 

At the outbreak of the war, no thought of self could deter 
him from the duty which he owed his country. His dis- 
taste for a soldier's life was not permitted to stand in the way 
of his devotion to principle. He had a happy home, a fine 
business position, and troops of friends, who loved him^as few 
men are loved. He had every inducement to remain in Boston ; 
but he could not sacrifice his love of country to an ignoble ease. 
He spent a few weeks in educating himself for the service, both 
by theoretical study and practical exercise, and then received a 
commission as first lieutenant in Stackpole's Company, in the 
Twenty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers. The same strong 
convictions of duty and adherence to conscience which had 
thus far made his life beautiful and honorable followed him into 
the camp and the field. His duty, as an officer of the Army 
of the United States, to his God, his country, and his men, 



JAMES A. PERKINS. 99 

was his undivided thought by night and day. His modesty and 
retiring disposition proved itself the same in the regiment as 
in College; yet but little service had been seen, lie fore every 
man. from colonel to private, acknowledged his worth and his 
courage, lie was in the battles of Roanoke Island and New- 
bern, and in all the actions and expeditions in the Department 
of North Carolina. Though his delicate constitution rendered 
him often weak, sick, and unfit for active service, neither the 
advice nor entreaties of his fellow-officers could prevail upon 
him to absent himself from duty. At the time of General 
Foster's expedition to Goldsboro', he was suffering from a 
severe attack of intermittent fever, but nothing could hold him 
back. Pale and exhausted, be marched at the head of his 
company with an endurance which seemed almost supernatural. 
At the bivouac, no food passed his lips, nor was the much- 
longed-for rest obtained, until every private in his command 
was cared for, and made comfortable. In action, he was brave 
almost to rashness, holding that it was the dutv of an officer to 
set that example to his men which should bear them firmly up 
in time of need ; and, finally, it was not merely love and re- 
spect, but admiration, that he inspired throughout his entire 
regiment. For downright hard work he probably had no su- 
perior, and kw equals, among his brother officers. 

Although in the army for nearly two years, he repeatedly 
refused to take a leave of absence until July, 1863, when he 
hoped to return to his family and to the triennial gathering of 
the Class ; but the exigencies of the service rendered this im- 
possible. When his friends heard, that, on the first battle- 
field, he led his company with that coolness which said that to 
him the danger was as if it were not; when they heard, that, 
upon tiresome marches, he helped and cheered his men, not 
more worn out than himself, — they recognized their old com- 
panion, who could forget danger, forget his own weariness or 
despondency, the moment he saw a duty which he could per- 
form. The debilitating climate, and the incessant exposure 



100 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

and work from which he refused to be excused, had so reduced 
him, that his continuance in active service under the circum- 
stances displayed a heroism rarely met with. When he ought 
to have been in hospital, or recruiting his shattered health at 
home, he was toiling on cheerfully, distinguished among his 
brave comrades for his perfect courage, and proof against the 
perils of battle, the privations of the march, the exposure of 
the bivouac, the ennui of the camp, the languor of illness. 
" He is the bravest man in the regiment," said one of his 
soldiers; and this eulogy will be echoed by officers and men. 
He had many times expressed a wish that he might take a part 
in the attack on the abode of arch-treason, and his wish was 
granted ; but at a sacrifice which only those who knew him 
can appreciate. 

On the afternoon of the 26th of August, three hundred of 
the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts were ordered to be in line in 
the foremost trenches to charge and capture the advanced rifle- 
pits of the enemy at Fort Wagner. At this time, Lieutenant 
Perkins, almost conquered by fever, had been prevailed upon 
to abstain from work for a few days ; but now nothing could 
induce him not to rejoin his regiment. To use the words in 
which Brigadier-General Stevenson writes, " My friend had 
been quite ill for two or three weeks, and was off duty; but he 
insisted on going forward with the regiment, notwithstanding 
that all the officers advised him to remain in camp. While the 
regiment was having extra ammunition issued to them before 
starting, I persuaded him to come to my tent and dine with 
me, which he did ; and I begged him not to go to the front. 
He answered that he could not remain behind, he should be so 
uneasy during all the time the regiment was gone. Colonel 
Osborn at once proposed to order him to remain in camp, but 
did not, as James was so desirous of going." The regiment 
charged. In a few moments, they had gained the works of the 
enemy, captured seventy prisoners, and, with their spades, were 
throwing up a breastwork in the very front and teeth of the 



JAMES A. PERKINS. 101 

concentrated fire of Fort Wagner. Perkins's men were avoid- 
ing this tremendous cannonade by sometimes dodging, and the 
work was not so brisk as he wished it. " It is no use to dodge," 
he said, "do as I do," and stood upright and firm. The words 
had hardly left his mouth when a ball struck him in the right 
shoulder, and passed through his body. He fell, and never 
spoke again. 

The body of Perkins was brought to his home, and, on a 
beautiful September afternoon, was laid in Mount Auburn Cem- 
etery. An extract from one of the resolutions adopted by the 
Class may close the record of Perkins : — 

"We recall with pride, with honor, and with love, the manly, 
Christian life which our brother has lived. We remember his 
unfailing devotion to duty; the singular modesty and truthful- 
ness of his daily life; the scholarly tastes and habits which 
distinguished him, no less in his business life than in college ; 
his fidelity as a son, a brother, and a friend ; his zeal for the 
cause of his country, which made him among the first to go 
out in her service. We remember him as a kind and genial 
companion, whose quaint humor enlivened our social meetings. 
We call to mind his conspicuous bravery, displayed on more 
than one occasion; his thorough discipline; his tender care for 
the men of his command ; his cheerfulness under privations ; 
his perseverance in duty through months of sickness and suffer- 
ing, until complete prostration drove him to a sick-bed. We 
remember, that, against the urgent remonstrance of surgeons 
and brother officers, he left his hospital to lead his company to 
the front, and gave up his noble life, — another precious sac- 
rifice for our common country." 

There were, undoubtedly, in the late civil war, sacrifices 
which circumstances of rank or reputation rendered more con- 
spicuous and more widely known ; but Perkins's death has in 
it every essential element that constitutes the abrogation 
of self for the sake of principle, which properly deserves the 



102 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

name of sacrifice. A man of birth, character, brains, and 
learning perishes in an afternoon's skirmish that takes scarce 
a place in the annals of a great war. As a son, he is lost to 
his parents; as a friend, to his familiars. His country has 
scarce known him as a citizen, or the army as a soldier. The 
plain bar of a first lieutenant has permitted no wider useful- 
ness. A distinguished officer from another State has justly' 
observed that Massachusetts, and especially Boston men stood 
constantly in their own light by joining certain specially 
favored regiments in lower grades of rank, when by accepting 
higher grades in less esteemed battalions there was more 
room for promotion, and greater' opportunity of distinction. 
While it is true that Perkins entered the army from motives 
of purest patriotism, and with no little dislike for a mere sol- 
dier's life, it is no less true that such was the vigor of his 
mind, and the energy of his disposition, that he became before 
he died an accomplished master of his new profession. While 
less intellectual officers were glad to while away their spare 
time in the ordinary amusements of youth, Perkins was dili- 
gently studying not 011I3' the current works on military tactics, 
but essays on strategy, and the history of former campaigns. 
Where other officers of the line were content with doing their 
duty in obeying the orders of their superior officers? Perkins, 
while rendering equal obedience, reasoned, criticised, and dis- 
cussed the tactics of a field, or the plans of a campaign in 
which fortune had assigned him a part comparatively so insig- 
nificant, always with a cool head and a trained understanding, 
and often with the deliberate judgment of a veteran. Nor did 
this grasp of the subject at large prevent him from giving his 
patient and constant attention to the thousand every-day and 
often burdensome details which make up the sum of a line 
officer's regimental life. No one entered with greater knowl- 
edge, or a fuller sympathy, into the daily routine of the men 
he commanded. Possessing little of that bonlwmmie. which 
wins instinctive and sometimes undeserved popularity, he 



JAMES A. PERKINS. 103 

watched with such constant and unremitting attention the 
wants of his men, that those who were first inclined to criti- 
cise the firmness of his discipline ended by conceding him an 
affection such as soldiers rarely feel for the superior who re- 
quires of them privation and suffering. 

That he was brave to rashness goes without saying among 
those who knew him; that he was patient, long-suffering, disin- 
terested where his personal wants were concerned, generous 
when he could do for others, — this is the unanimous testi- 
mony of every one who knew him in the army. That such an 
one, with all the qualities he possessed, with all his promise 
for the future, should fall as* he did is sad enough ; but that he 
should fall as simple lieutenant leading a handful of men in 
the affair of an afternoon, seems, after these twenty years, 
such sad, such pitiable waste. His merits made him capable 
of serving his country at the head of a regiment or brigade. 
As an inspector of the staff of a division or corps he would 
have had a special field for his remarkable military talents 
and exactitude of knowledge. Had he fallen on some stricken 
field after such good service, and with such merited fame as 
he would have fairly won, there would have mingled with grief 
some scant satisfaction at a life not spent in vain, at merit 
appreciated, and a just fame attained. Perhaps nothing was 
in vain in that struggle which the motives of many who par- 
ticipated in it raised so high above the level of the ordinary 
wars that come and go with every age. Ball's Bluff, Cedar 
Mountain, the Seven-days Battle, the Wilderness, and a host 
of other names, are mementos to Massachusetts of such sacri- 
fices ; and with those that of the life of James Perkins must 
take its place, perhaps not in history, but in the hearts and 
memories of his friends, and of all those who believe in what 
is best and highest in life. 



104 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



DAVID DODGE RANLETT. 



DAVID DODGE RANLETT was born in Charlestown, 
Mass., 26 February, 1838. ' His parents were Charles 
Augustus and Esther Minerva [Dodge] Ranlett. 

In the fall of 1857, Ranlett began the study of law in the 
office of William Dehon (1833), in Boston. At the com- 
mencement of the fall term of 1859, he entered Dane Law 
School, where he took his LL.B. in the summer of 1860 ; he 
was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, 29 January, 1860. In the 
following June, he sailed from New York in the ship " Golden 
State" for California, and arrived in San Francisco in October. 
He spent two months travelling in California, and sailed thence, 
4 December, for England ; arriving at Queenstown, 7 March, 
1861. He travelled in England and Scotland, and set sail for 
the United States, 17 April. He shortly after established his 
residence in Brooklyn, N.Y., and began the practice of law in 
New York, having been admitted to the New-York Bar, 10 
July, 1861. Later, he associated himself in practice with John 
S. Washburn, under the firm name of Washburn & Ranlett. 
He remained in this partnership until January, 1864, when he 
went to Washington, D.C., to take the position of Deputy Reg- 
ister of Wills for the District of Columbia. He remained three 
months, and then returned to renew his partnership with 
Washburn. 

In October, 1864, he was invited by Governor Joseph Gil- 
more to go to Concord, N.H., and take the position of State 
Auditor of New Hampshire. That office had been created 



DAVID D. KANLETT. 105 

by act of the Legislature of that year. He held the position 
under Governors Gilmore, Smyth, and Harriman until June, 
1867, when the office was abolished. 29 January, 1867, he 
became cashier of the Boston, Hartford, & Erie Railroad, and 
remained in that position till November, 1870. He then 
accepted the same position on the New Orleans, Mobile, & 
Texas Railroad. He left for New Orleans, 7 November, 1870, 
and remained there until 9 September, 1871. He then re- 
turned to Boston, and, 1 January, 1872, was offered the 
position of assistant to the treasurer of the (then) Vermont 
Central Railroad. He has, ever since, been in the employ of 
that company and its successor, the Central Vermont, living 
in Boston until 24 December, 1873, and, since that time, at 
St. Albans, Vt. He has been treasurer of the Central Vermont 
since 12 July, 1875. He is also special agent and trustee for 
the Grand Trunk Railway Company, director and treasurer of 
the Grand Isle Steamboat Company, director of Province Line 
Railroad, director and vice-president of the International Hay 
and Cotton Press Company, Director of New London Steam- 
boat Company, trustee and treasurer of Warner Home for 
Little Wanderers, at St. Albans, and trustee of the Public 
Library. 

He was married, 23 August, 1865, to Ellen Augusta Brown, 
of Charlestown, Mass., and has had two children: Edith 
Helen, born 14 December, 1871, died 1 June, 1872 ; Helen 
Augusta, born 15 May, 1878. 



14 



106 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



EBEN RICHARDS. 



EBEN RICHARDS, son of Ebenezer and Theoline [Tildcn] 
Richards, was born in Brookline, Mass., 13 December, 
1835. 

In September, 1857, he went to St. Louis, Mo., and en- 
tered the grocery and commission business, in the firm of 
Christopher & Richards. In October, 1862, he dissolved the 
partnership, continuing the business under the style " Eben 
Richards, Jr.," which in July, 1864, became " E. Richards, 
Jr., and Brother." From 1869 to 1881, he was engaged in 
the manufacture of spelter, as president of the Missouri Zinc 
Company. Since 1881, he has been in no active business. He 
is a member of the University Club, of St. Louis. He took 
his A.M. in 1872. 

He married, 30 March, 1859, Caroline Beckwith Maxwell, 
daughter of James and Mary Ann [Beckwith] Maxwell, of 
Louisville, Ky. His children have been: Grace, born 1 March, 
1860 ; Carrie Louisa, born 28 September, 1863 ; Eben, born 10 
January, 1866; Theoline Tilden, born 23 January, 1869; Mary, 
born 28 January, 1875 ; Ethel, born 4 November, 1878. 

Richards's oldest child was married, 30 December, 1879, to 
Robert McKittrick Jones, and their child, Hugh McKittrick, 
is the first grandchild of the Class of 1857. 

Richards proposes to send his boy to Harvard this year. 



FRANCIS C. ROPES. 107 



•FRANCIS CODMAN ROPES. 



FRANCIS CODMAN ROPES was the son of William and 
Mary Anne [Codman] Ropes, and was born in Islington, 
London, England, 7 October, 1837. 

Immediately after graduation, he began the study of med- 
icine at the Medical College in Boston, and at the Tremont 
(afterwards Harvard) Medical School. He entered the Mas- 
sachusetts General Hospital as house surgeon, 1 May, 1859, 
and remained till 1 May, 1860. He graduated in medicine, 
and took his degree of A.M., July, 1860, and, in the same 
month, left Boston in the " Arabia" for Liverpool. Very soon 
after arriving in Liverpool, he took a trip through Switzerland, 
with Sowdon; and, leaving him at Geneva, went to St. Peters- 
burg via Stettin. He soon returned to England, and remained 
there, and in Paris, till May, 1861, when he went to Dresden to 
learn German. He went again to London, and in October to 
Vienna, in which city he remained, studying, till April, 1862. 
In June, he went again to Berlin, and studied with Virchow. 
He made frequent excursions from London, and then went to 
Edinburgh, where he remained till May, 1864. He here visited 
diligently the Royal Infirmary under Professors Bennett and 
Laycock. He also took the post of Resident Physician to the 
Infirmary, under Professor Laycock. Before leaving Edin- 
burgh, he was admitted to the examination for the " double 
qualification in medicine and surgery," lasting several days. 
He successfully passed the examination, and received two 
diplomas, constituting him Licentiate of the Royal College of 
Physicians of Edinburgh (L.R.C.P.E.), and of the Royal Col- 



108 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

lege of Surgeons. (L.R.C.S.E.). He was soon after proposed, 
and, in August, 1864, chosen Fellow of the Royal College of 
Surgeons of Edinburgh (F.R.C.S.E.). He left London for New 
York in the steamer " Atlanta," 26 August, and after many 
"labors, dangers, and sufferings," not "voluntarily under- 
gone"; after sundry gales, in which the vessel was near being 
lost, — he reshipped in the "Europa" from Liverpool, and 
reached Boston, 14 October. He entered the service of the 
United States on the 1st of November, as acting assistant 
surgeon, and was stationed at the United-States Army General 
Hospital, Readville, Mass., and there remained till 23 July, 
1865, when his services were no longer needed. 

He commenced practice at 104, Mount Vernon Street, Bos- 
ton, 1 October. He was appointed one of the attending physi- 
cians, 1 January, 1866, and, afterward, one of the attending 
surgeons at the Central Office of the Boston Dispensary. He 
was also a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, Boston 
Society for Medical Observation, Boston Medical Association, 
Boston Society of Natural History, Hunterian Medical Society 
of Edinburgh, and corresponding member of the Edinburgh 
Obstetrical Society. He was elected surgeon to out-patients 
at the Boston City Hospital in August, 1867, and one of the 
visiting surgeons of the same in 1868. 

His health had not been very good while in Europe ; and 
shortly after his return to this country, he recognized, for the 
first time, that he was afflicted with albuminuria and Bright's 
disease of the kidneys. He had several acute attacks of this 
disease from 1865 to 1869, and, when overworked, complained 
frequently of great exhaustion ; but, by dint of great care, the 
best medical advice, and a naturally vigorous constitution, he 
continued to enjoy, on the whole, good health, up to the time of 
his last attack, on 1 September, 1869. He died two weeks 
later, on the 15th, and was buried at Forest Hills. 

A notice of him by his friend, Dr. Dyer Duckworth, is copied 
from the "British Medical Journal" of 10 October, 1869: 



FRANCIS C. ROPES. 109 

" The character of Dr. Ropes was one of singular beauty and 
worth. In his profession, lie was earnest and active ; devoted 
with his whole soul to medicine, as a true physician should be, 
he was respected and beloved by his brethren and his patients, 
and seemed destined to eminence at an early age." The res- 
olutions by the members of his College Class express concisely 
and truly their testimony to the worth of his private character, 
and will meet a ready response from those who knew him. "We 
recall the modesty and purity of his private life ; the untiring 
energy, ability, and conscientiousness, with which he followed 
his chosen profession ; the kindliness and simplicity of his 
nature ; his high sense of honor ; his love of home, and 
music, and near friends; his interest in the welfare of College 
mates and College associations; and, finally, that peaceful and 
strong Christian faith, formed early in life, which gave him 
such resignation, and unwillingness to spare himself, even 
when suffering from a fatal disorder." 



110 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



JOHN CODMAN ROPES. 



JOHN CODMAN ROPES, son of William and Mary Anne 
[Codman] Ropes, was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, 28 
April, 1836. 

In March, 1858, he began the study of law at the Law 
School in Cambridge, where he remained until March, 1859. 
In that month, he visited May at his home in Syracuse, and 
went with him to Niagara Falls. In April, he sailed with his 
father for Europe, and returned in November following. On 
his return to Boston, he entered the law office of Messrs. P. 
W. Chandler and G. 0. Shattuck, and there remained until 
the autumn of 1860, when he again entered the Law School, 
and remained till July, 1861, taking the degree of LL.B. at 
that time. The Bowdoin Prize for resident graduates was 
awarded to him this year for an essay on " The Limits of Relig- 
ious Thought." He returned to the office of Messrs. Chandler & 
Shattuck, and remained there till he was admitted to the bar, 
28 November. He has practised law in Boston from that time 
to the present, and is now the senior partner of the firm of 
Ropes, Gray, & Loring, at 40, State Street, Boston. 

He belongs to the Union Club, having been elected in April, 
1864, and has been a director, treasurer, and vice-president ; 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 
as a companion of the third class, that is, as a civilian; he 
was elected, 10 June, 1880, to the Massachusetts Historical 



JOHN C. ROPES. HI 

Society, and was one of the founders of the Military Historical 
Society of Massachusetts in January, 1876. 

In 1866, when Little, Brown, & Co. began the publication of 
the " American Law Review," Ropes and his partner, John C. 
Gray (1859), undertook the task of editors, and retained the 
control of the " Review " till 1870. 

In 1868, he was elected an Overseer of the College in place 
of the Hon. Stephen M. Weld, deceased, and, on the expira- 
tion of that term, he was again elected for the full term of 
six years. 

In 1876, he was active in the movement in the Republican 
party in favor of the Hon. Benjamin H. Bristow as a candidate 
for the Presidency, and was president of the Bristow Club of 
Boston. 

In November, 1876, he was one of the speakers at the Epis- 
copal Church Congress in Boston on the subject called " The 
Relation of the Protestant Episcopal Church to Freedom of 
Religious Thought, " and his remarks are to be found in the 
printed report of the proceedings. 

In June, 1878, he was appointed by President Hayes one of 
the Board of Visitors to the Military Academy at West Point. 

Ropes was in Europe from April to November, 1859 ; from 
May to October, 1870 ; from October, 1873, to July, 1875 ; 
from April to June, 1879; and from 21 June to 5 September, 
1882. In these journeys he has visited England, Scotland, 
Ireland, France, Switzerland, Italy, Russia, Austria, and 
Germany. 

He wrote the article in the "Atlantic Monthly" for June, 
1881, entitled "Who Lost Waterloo?" and is the author of the 
volume, "The Army under Pope," in Scribner's series of the 
"Campaigns of the Civil War." He wrote the first article 
in the first volume of the Papers of the Military Historical 
Society of Massachusetts, entitled " The Peninsular Campaign 
of General McClellan in 1862." 



112 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

He lived, until May, 1869, at 92, Beacon Street, in Boston ; 
in the autumn of that year, and until October, 1873, at 99, 
Mount Vernon Street, and, since the autumn of 1875, at 53, 
Temple Street. 

He has been a vestryman of Trinity Church for nearly 
twenty years, and has several times been a delegate from that 
parish to the Diocesan Convention. 



JACOB (, KUNKLE. I L3 



JACOB GEBHARD RUNKLE. 



JACOB GEBHARD RUNKLE, son of Daniel and Sally 
[Gordon] Rnnkle, was born in Root, Montgomery Co., 
N.Y., August, 1831. 

In the fall of 1857, lie began the study of law in the office of 
Hon. Joseph H. Ramsey, in Lawyersville, N.Y., and, in 1859 
and 1860, was also engaged in teaching in the same place. He 
was admitted to the bar in May, 1860, and, in the same year, 
took his degree of A.M. in course. 4 July, 1800, he began 
the practice of his profession in partnership with Flagg, in 
Troy, N.Y. This partnership was dissolved in 1871, and Rnn- 
kle continued alone until February, 1872, when ho removed 
to Albany, N.Y., as attorney for the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company, lessees of the Albany & Susquehanna, the Rensselaer 
& Saratoga, the New York & Canada, and other railroads in 
New- York State. 

4 June, 1808, he married Ella, daughter of Hon. Joseph H. 
and Sarah S. Ramsey, of Albany. He has a daughter, Grace, 
born 8 June, 1867. 



15 



114 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



GEORGE MARY SEARLE. 



GEORGE MARY SEARLE, son of Thomas and Anne 
[Noble] Searle, was born in London, England, 27 June, 
1839. 

After graduating, be returned to his home in Brookline, and, 
in September, began work as a computer for the American 
Ephemeris at the Nautical Almanac office in Cambridge, under 
Professor Winlock ; he remained here till April, 1858, when 
he went to Albany as assistant to Dr. B. A. Gould, in the Dud- 
ley Observatory at that place, continuing, however, the almanac 
work for a month or two longer, when he relinquished it on 
account of the pressure of other duties. 11 September, he dis- 
covered the asteroid Pandora, No. 55. It was fondly hoped he 
would number his new-found planet " 57 " ; but astronomical 
law obliged him to follow the regular sequence. For this dis- 
covery, he received a part of the Lalande Prize, divided by 
the French Academy among the discoverers of astronomical 
bodies. Dr. Gould and his assistants, including Searle, were 
forcibly expelled from the Observatory by the trustees, 3 Jan- 
uary, 1859. Early in April following, he returned to Brook- 
line ; passed the summer in Newburyport ; and, returning to 
Brookline, remained there till October, 1862. He held a 
position in the United-States Coast Survey from the time of 
his going to Albany until this last date ; the first year as tide- 
observer, afterwards as computer on the reduction of the lon- 
gitude determinations of the survey. In October, 1862, he 
received a position as assistant professor of mathematics in the 
United-States Naval Academy, at Newport, R.I. lie taught 



GEORGE M. SEARLE. 115 

licrc till December, 1864, when he resigned his position on 

account of ill health. Searle took his degree of A.M. in course. 
In November or December, 1862, he was elected a member of 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Finding his 
health required rest from mental work, he returned to Brook- 
line, and remained there, unemployed, till July, 1865. lie 
then sailed for Europe; passed the latter part of July and the 
whole of August in Great Britain and Ireland; September and 
a part of October in France and Germany; and arrived in 
Rome, 21 October. 

Speaking of his religious life, he says : " The most important 
event of my life, since graduating, has been my conversion to 
the Catholic Church, into which I was received August 11, 

/ CD 7 

1862. I first began to examine its claims in March, 1801, 
having been perhaps somewhat prepared for the step by my 
membership in the Episcopal Church, in which, indeed, I was 
baptized in England, when a child ; but I had been educated 
and had lived a Unitarian till November, 1858. ... I was 
baptized and confirmed in the Catholic Church, August 15 
and 19, 1862." At his confirmation, he took the additional 
name of the Blessed Virgin, as indicated at the head of this 
biography. In May, he returned to America, and was tempo- 
rarily employed at the Harvard College Observatory. He was 
ordained to the priesthood, 25 March, 1871, and his address is 
at the House of the Paulist Fathers, Fifty-ninth Street and 
Ninth Avenue, New-York City. 

He published a work on the " Elements of Geometry," in 
New York in 1877. He mentions the following articles in the 
"Catholic World": "Blunders of Dr. Ewer"; "Dr. Tyng 
on Miracles" ; " Dr. Hammond on Miracles" ; "The End of 
the World" (scientific article) ; "A Singular Phase of Protes- 
tantism." Also two articles in the same magazine, about 1869, 
on the •■ Solar Eclipse of 7 August," and " Molecular Mechan- 
ics," with various others in " Astronomisohe Xachrichten " and 
" Gould's Astronomical Journal." 



116 THE CLASS OF is;,;. 



ROBERT DICKSON SMITH. 



ROBERT DICKSON SMITH was born at Brandon, Miss., 
23 April, 1838. He was the son of John De Wolfe and 
Judith [Wells] Smith. 

For the two years after graduating, Smith taught school in 
Cambridge, in the institution presided over by Professors Lov- 
ering and Lane, studying law at the same time with the Hon. 
Henry W. Paine, of Boston. He was admitted to practice at 
the Suffolk Bar in September, 1859. He then entered the Law 
School at Cambridge, and remained there for a year, taking 
his LL.B. in 1860. In October, 1860, he entered upon the 
practice of the law at 30, Court Street, Boston. His present 
address is 13, Exchange Street. He lived in Cambridge until 
1863, in Newton until 1868, and at No. 48, Mt. Vernon 
Street, Boston, since that time. He took his A.M. in 1872. 
He was a member of the General Court in 1876 ; and of tbe 
Board of Overseers of the University in 1882. 

Smith married Paulina Cony Weston, daughter of George 
Melville and Ruth [Roberts] Weston, of Washington, D.C., 
30 July, 1863. A son, Robert Dickson, was born 8 May, 1864 
(class of 1886 in Harvard College) ; Alice, born 10 November, 
1868; Melville Weston, born 24 May, 1870, died 14 May, 
1880 ; Paulina Cony, born 8 August, 1873. 

He delivered an oration on Samuel Adams, before the citv 
authorities of Boston, on the 4th of July, 1880, and has written 
reviews, &c, in law publications and the daily papers. 



ARTHUR J. C. SOWDON. 117 



ARTHUR JOHN CLARK SOWDON. 



ARTHUR JOHN CLARK SOWDON, son of John and 
Charlotte Harrison [Capen] Sowdon, was born in Bos- 
ton, 6 March, 1835. 

He sailed from New York for Havre in the packet-ship 
'• William Tell," in company with Haven, 1 September, 1857, 
and returned in the following December, having spent the inter- 
vening time in France and England. In April and May, 1858, he 
visited Folsom, then teaching in Maryland, and journeyed West 
as far as St. Louis. In September, he went to the West again to 
look into the subject of farming. Early in 1859, he visited Texas, 
in company with Lieutenant-Governor Anderson, of Ohio, going 
as far into the country as* San Antonio, and returned by way of 
New Orleans and Mobile, across the country to Savannah and 
Charleston, stopping to sec Alston, Parkman, and Macbeth, 
and returning home by the way of Washington. He imme- 
diately began the study of law, and entered the Dane Law 
School in March. In January, 1860, he was again obliged to 
go South on account of his health. In May, Sowdon sailed 
from New York for Southampton ; travelled in England, Scot- 
land, France, Switzerland, and a part of Germany ; was with 
Dyer, Parkman, and F. C. Ropes in Switzerland ; and returned 
to Boston in October. He took a master's degree in course. 
In March, 1861, he re-entered the Law School, and, in July, 
took the degree of LL.B. In January and February, 1862, 
Ik; made two visits to the Army of the Potomac, then en- 
camped in the vicinity of Washington. He continued a n si- 



118 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

dent graduate at Cambridge a part of the time, till January, 
1863, when he removed to Boston, and opened an office, in 
September, at 40, State Street, as a broker in real estate and 
mortgages. In this business he continued until 1871. 

In 1865, he raised the funds and obtained from Professor Lane 
the Latin inscriptions to decorate the College buildings at the 
Harvard Commemoration. From September, 1866, to Septem- 
ber, 1870, he was Secretary of the Committee of Fifty (alumni) 
to raise money to erect the Memorial Hall, and Secretary of the 
Finance Committee. In 1867, he succeeded Ropes as Treasurer 
of the Union Club, Boston, and has held other offices in this 
Club. In 1871, he was Secretary of the Committee of Fifty to 
raise funds to establish the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. 
He was Chief Marshal at Commencement, 28 June, 1871. From 
October, 1871, to December, 1872, he was in Europe ; in 1872, 
vestryman of St. Paul's American Episcopal Church in Rome, 
and, as such, helped to select the site for the first Protestant 
church " within the walls." In 1876, he was chairman of 
the committee to organize the Bristow Club, of which Ropes 
was president. The movement resulted in securing twenty- 
one out of twenty-six State delegates to the Republican 
Convention at Cincinnati. In 1878, he was elected a Repre- 
sentative from Ward 10 in Boston to the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature of 1871), and served on the Committee on Taxation. 
In 1879, he took the stump in Western Massachusetts for our 
classmate Long, speaking in several towns in that vicinity. 
In 1879, he was re-elected to the General Court, and served 
on several committees. He has held very many other posi- 
tions of trust in connection with politics and the church. 
Besides occasional speeches in the Legislature and upon the 
stump, Sowdon delivered an address upon Political Duties be- 
fore the Boston Young Men's Christian Union, 14 February, 
1878, and afterwards repeated it, by request, in the Old South 
Church. He spoke at Stockbridge, Memorial Day, 1879 ; at 
the reunion of the Legislature of 1880 ; at the dinner of the 



ARTHUR J. C. SOWDON. 1 I'.t 

Veteran Cadets, 22 February, 1881 ; at the Natural Bridge, Va., 
1 ! October, 1881, at the opening of the Richmond & Alleghany 
Railroad, of which French is president. 

Sowdon has published nothing but his essay on Political 
Duties for private circulation. lie has written much for the 
Boston and New York papers. He is a life member of the 
Young Men's Christian Association and the Young Men's 
Christian Union, a member of the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society, the Bostonian Society, the Bunker Hill 
Monument Association, New England Society of Alpha Delta 
Phi, the Archaeological Institute of America, the Boston Latin 
School Association, &c. His rooms and present address are 
at 9, Tremont Place, Boston. 



120 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



JOSEPH LEWIS STACKPOLE. 



JOSEPH LEWIS STACKPOLE was born at Boston, Mass., 
20 March, 1838. He is the son of Joseph Lewis (1824) 
and Susan Margaret [Benjamin] Stackpole. 

In September, 1857, he entered the office of Francis C. 
Loring (1828), of Boston, and began the study of law. In 
March, 1858, he entered the Law School at Cambridge, 
where he remained for a year and a half, taking the degree 
of LL.B. in July, 1859. In September following, he entered 
the office of the Hon. J. G. Abbott (18-32), in Boston, and 
remained there for a year. He was admitted a member of 
the Suffolk Bar, in September, 1860. He then opened an 
office at 19, Court Street, and practised his profession until 
the summer of 1861, when he received a commission dated 
2 September, 1861, as Captain in the Twenty-fourth Reg- 
iment Massachusetts Volunteers, having as his lieutenants 
our lamented Dwight and Perkins. The regiment received 
marching orders in December, and joined the Burnside Expe- 
dition, whose experience at Hatteras, Roanoke Island, and 
Newbern is well known. 30 August, 1862, Stackpole was 
commissioned by the President Captain and Commissary of 
Subsistence. He resigned his regimental commission, and 
was stationed at Beaufort, N.C., for three months. He was 
then appointed Chief Commissary of Subsistence of the army 
in North Carolina, and in this capacity served in the Golds- 
boro' Expedition, in December, on the staff of Major-General 
John G. Foster, commanding the department. In January, 



JOSEPH L. STACKPOLE. 121 

1863, lie was appointed by General Foster Judge-Advocate of 
the Eighteenth Corps and the Department of North Carolina; 
10 July, 1868, he was commissioned by the President Major and 
Judge-Advocate. In August, 1863, he was appointed Judge- 
Advocate of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, 
on the staff of General Foster, and removed with him to For- 
tress Monroe. In September, 1863, he was appointed Provost- 
Judge of Norfolk, in addition to his duties as Judge- Advocate. 
In March, 1864, Major Stackpole accompanied the Army of the 
James, comprising the Tenth and Eighteenth Corps, to Ber- 
muda Hundred, and was Judge-Advocate of that army before 
Richmond, on the staffs of Major-General Butler and Major- 
General E. 0. C. Ord. He entered Richmond, when taken, 
where he occupied the house of Secretary Trenholm of the Con- 
federate Treasury Department until 20 April, 1865. He then 
resigned his commission, and returned to Boston and resumed 
the practice of the law. 13 March, 1865, he was brevetted 
Lieutenant-Colonel "for meritorious services in conducting the 
prosecutions of the department with skill, faithfulness, and 
integrity." 

Since leaving the army, Stackpole has continued the practice 
of his profession in Boston. His office is now at 35, Congress 
Street, and his residence at 292, Beacon Street. In October, 
1870, he was appointed First Assistant Solicitor to the city of 
Boston, which office he held until his resignation in October, 
1876. 

He is a Director in the New England Trust Company, Stark 
Mills, Cabot Manufacturing Company, Northern Pacific Rail- 
road, and Marquette, Houghton, & Ontonagon Railroad. He 
is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, the Military Historical Society of Massachu- 
setts, and of several clubs. He is the author of an article 
on Military Law in the " North American Review " for Octo- 
ber, 1865, and of the following articles in the " American Law 
Review" : "Rogers v. The Attorney-General " (October, 1866), 

1G 



122 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

"Law in Romance'' (April, 1867), "A Book about Lawyers" 
(October, 1807), "Lord Plunket" (April, 1868)," Campbell's 
Lives of Lyndlmrst and Brougham" (January, 1870), "The 
Howlaud Will Case" (July, 1870), and "The Early Days of 
Charles Sumner" (April. 1879). 

Stackpole married Martha Watson Parsons, of Cambridge, 
daughter of the late William Parsons, of Boston (a son of 
Theophilus Parsons, Chief Justice of Massachusetts), and of 
Sabra Watson Parsons, 3 March, 1863. Mrs. Stackpole accom- 
panied her husband to Newborn, and afterwards to Fortress 
Monroe and Richmond. They have three children : Elizabeth 
Virginia, born at Fortress Monroe, Va., 14 January, 1865 ; 
Alice, born 6 June, 1866 ; and Joseph Lewis, born 16 Novem- 
ber, 1874. 



JAMES STARR. L23 



* JAMES STARK. 



JAMES STARR, son of Isaac and Lydia [Ducoing] Starr, 
and the fourth of nine children, was born in Philadelphia, 
19 July, 1837. Of his family he once wrote: "Captain 
Starr, a cadet of an English family, served as a captain of in- 
fantry, under Cromwell, in the Civil War against Charles II. 
When peace was restored, he settled in the province of Ulster, 
in Ireland. Captain Starr had one son, John, who was the 
father of nine children. Of these nine, five sons came to 
America about the year 1712, and settled in Pennsylvania, as 
they belonged to the Society of Friends. My father, Isaac 
Starr, the fourth generation from Isaac, the youngest of the 
five, was born near Wilmington, Delaware, and, in 1830, 
married Lydia Ducoing, whose family came from Bordeaux, 
France." 

As a boy, Starr represents himself as very fond of all out-of- 
door sports, very lively, and given to making fun for others, 
while also having what he calls "a turn for business." He 
says, " My first two schools were French, in which I ac- 
quired an invaluable knowledge of the use of that language. 
Music and drawing also attracted me, but, though very fond of 
both, I never made much progress in the first. In the latter 
I became sufficiently skilful to derive a great deal of pleasure 
from its pursuit." 

At fourteen, the idea of his leaving home for a college edu- 
cation was first broached to him. He says, " I seized upon 
the idea much more on account of the associations connected 



124 THE CLASS OF 1837. 

with my romantic notions of college life and honors, than with 
the desire of gaining the best education." Indeed, nearly 
another year passed before he finally made up his mind to 
enter Harvard. Even then he started under many disadvan- 
tages, from having too often changed his instructors. He was 
now one of a few pupils in charge of a Mr. Nulty, of the Coast 
Survey. But Mr. Nulty " was violently opposed to all col- 
legiate systems of education ; " and so James says, " I was 
obliged to conceal my designs from him, and fitted myself 
in a measure, taking additional lessons of Mr. McAdam in 
Latin and Greek." He entered Harvard in 1853, with four 
conditions, — a good result, considering his unsatisfactory 
preparation. 

No one of his College classmates can ever forget that hand- 
some, graceful, and lovable, lad of sixteen, with his large and 
expressive dark eyes. He applied himself closely to study, 
and was somewhat of a "dig." He was absolutely without 
tendency to dissipation. He was popular, a member of many 
societies, his room was much resorted to, and his Saturdays 
were given to cricket, or to long walks, which he greatly en- 
joyed. He was social, genial, earnest, and conscientious, and 
soon became greatly beloved. He did not, however, display 
any qualities of leadership from which to forecast his future 
distinguished military services. Once he was summoned be- 
fore the College Facultv for some New-Year's-Eve frolic in the 
Yard, "an account of which," he dryly says, "will, I hope, 
be given by some of my more guilty companions!" During 
Freshman year, and the first Sophomore term, his chum was 
W. S. Hunter, of Washington, D. C, and they occupied Hollis 
19 and Stoughton 19. He roomed outside the buildings dur- 
ing the second Sophomore term. John H. Converse, of Balti- 
more, was his chum for the last two years, — Junior in Hollis 
9, and Senior in Holworthy 13, — " the most comfortable place 
1 ever lived in." 

While returning to Cambridge, in September, 1855, he was 



JAMES STARE. 125 

on the cars which met such a fearful disaster near Burlington, 
N. J., resulting in some fifty deaths. "The impressions of this 
disaster on my mind," he wrote two years afterwards, " will he 
lasting. It was a striking example of the uncertainty of life, 
so often mentioned, and yet so seldom considered." In the 
second Junior term he wrote a lecture for the Rumford Society 
upon "The Electrotype Process." In the Class-Book, from 
which we have freely quoted, Starr wrote, at graduating, 
" With my College course I am satisfied almost perfectly. For 
our professors I entertain the greatest respect, so far as the 
recitation rooms are concerned, and, beyond these limits, with 
one or two exceptions, I am sorry to say that I have no ac- 
count to give of them. I consider the relations at present 
existing between the Faculty and the students to be entirely 
false, and their influence to be very disadvantageous for both 
sides." He refers to the want of any social relations, opportu- 
nities for impressing character, or any interchange of hospi- 
tality. " I leave College with feelings of great gratitude to 
those who induced me, at first somewhat against my inclina- 
tion, to pass there the four most pleasant and profitable years 
of my life. I enter upon the study of the law with the expec- 
tation of working hard, and until the last, not expecting a 
great deal from the world, and believing a mans true happi- 
ness to consist in placing before himself certain noble ends, and 
working earnestly, constantly, and unswervingly to accomplish 
those ends." He was chosen by a large majority to be chaplain 
for the exercises of Class Day. 

Starr left College with keen regret. He freely said to his 
friends that his life at Cambridge had completely unfitted him 
for the prosaic work of reading law. He greatly missed the 
friendships and the mental stimulus of College life. To some 
extent he had lost ground with old acquaintances at home, by 
reason of his four years' absence. Still he set about doing his 
work with that fidelity which always characterized him. 

Again at home, in his father's house, he began to read law 



126 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

with Peter McCall, Esq., a man of character and ability, of 
whom lie always spoke with respect and affection. In the au- 
tumn of 1858, he entered the law department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, where he took his LL.B. in June, 1860. 
In July, 1860, he took his A.M. in course at Harvard, and, in 
October, was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar. In patient 
study of the law and some general reading, with occasional 
excursions into the woods of Maine or New York for trout, 
;i sport he always loved, the passing years brought him, only 
too quickly, to the spring of 1861. 

The firing upon Fort Sumter, and the call for volunteers, 
found him ready. On the 25th of April he enlisted in the 
Seventeenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, for three months' ser- 
vice. The regiment served in the Harper's Ferry campaign, 
under General Patterson, and was mustered out 26 July. 
He -was commissioned a captain in the Sixth Pennsylvania Cav- 
alry, known as Rush's Lancers, 22 August, He at once began 
to organize his company, in doing which he displayed great 
ability. The first military operation in which he took part was 
in following the Confederate General, J. E. B. Stuart, at Tun- 
stall Station, near the Chickahominy, where he and Captain 
Whelan closely pressed and fired upon the retreating cavalry 
of his old College friend " Roony " Lee, — General W. H. F. 
Lee. Captain Starr's squadron was with General Stoneman in 
the well-conducted retreat from White House, and thence to 
Fortress Monroe. He was prevented by illness from being at 
Antictam. The following December he was on the staff of 
General Franklin before Fredericksburg, and, when General 
Hooker took command of the army, was sent with his squad- 
ron to headquarters as escort, and served with him at Cban- 
cellorsville, in May, 1863. He was retained in the same hon- 
orable position by General Meade, upon whose staff he served 
as special aid at the battle of Gettysburg. 

At this time he received news of the death of his class- 
mate, James A. Perkins, killed in action before Fort Wagner: 
and he wrote from Culpepper, Va., September, 1863 : — 



JAMES STARE. L27 

"The loss of so many good fellows is sad Indeed. We on the spot 
sec so many fine men cut down, that there is a sort of feeling thai il 
will be our turn nexl ; and, though life seems dearer when the chances 
of losing it are so great, yet death is so near us that his presence has 
lost much of its melancholy, and become in a measure familiar." 

In October, he rejoined his regiment at Centrcville, Va. 
Prom camp, near Elk Run, Va., November, 1863, he wrote: — 

'• When the army was at Centrcville, I was relieved from duty at 
headquarters and joined my regiment. The next day we marched to 
Manassas Junction, and had a brisk skirmish from there to Bristol 
Station, where the enemy opened from seven guns on us. For five 
days we did not unsaddle nor wash nor eat, so to speak, nor sleep. 
This was my first experience after our soft life at headquarters, and 
was a little severe." 

From camp, near Mitchell's Station, Va., 19 January, 1864, 
he wrote : — 

" I know you will be somewhat disappointed when I tell you that 
I have had my leave, have been home, and did not go to Boston, as I 
had promised. But how could I ? Though I longed to see you all in 
Boston, I could not bear to deprive my home of my presence. I had 
only ten clays, and what I could have spared to you would have been too 
little to satisfy me. Oh ! for a good old talk over the fire once more, 
and, God willing, we'll have that same next winter. I wish you and 

would make us a visit ; it would be a Christian charity to us. 

We have uothing to offer but a hearty welcome, muddy rides, and a 
view of the Rebs trans Rapidan." 

In March, 1864, he was commissioned Major, assuming the 
command of his regiment. Major Starr was in General Cus- 
ter's raid in March, 1864. On the 7th of May, while leading 
a charge, he received an ugly wound at Todd's Tavern, in 
which a part of his jaw and cheek was shot away, the marks 
of which he carried through life. He returned to his regi- 
ment, 12 July. The day before the explosion of Burnside's 
mine in front of Petersburg, the 29th, for a diversion north of 
the James River, Major Starr led a very gallant and success- 
ful charge with his regiment at Huntley's Farm, near Malvern 



128 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Hill, for which he was personally commended by General 
Sheridan on the field. 11 August, he was with General Sheri- 
dan in the Shenandoah Valley, at the Opequan, and on the 
Millwood Pike, where he was complimented by General Mer- 
ritt for the " splendid style" in which he led two squadrons of 
the Lancers into action. 'He had so far been with the Army 
of the Potomac in pretty much all its varied fortunes and 
battles. 

In September, 1864, he was put in command of Remount 
Camp, near Sandy Hook, Md. Here he had charge of a com- 
plete cavalry camp, and reduced to order some three thousand 
men belonging to all the cavalry regiments in the service, so 
that in less than three weeks he was able to send to the front 
fifteen hundred mounted men, completely equipped. At the 
expiration of his term, 14 October, 1864, he was mustered out 
of service. He was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel " for highly 
gallant conduct at the battle of Todd's Tavern, Virginia," and 
Colonel " for meritorious services in the Shenandoah Valley, 
and while in command of the Remount Camp." Such is the 
brief record of his soldier-life, extending over a period of three 
and a half years, a most eventful interval in his own life as in 
that of his country, during the whole of which he bore himself 
with perfect courage and unstained honor. 

Within a day or two after his return home to Philadelphia, 
he was in his old office reading law. Shortly after, he became 
an assistant to E. M. Paxson, Esq. He brought to his pro- 
fession, and to the duties of civil life, a mind enlarged and 
strengthened by the experience through which he had so re- 
cently passed. He only acted out his own fine nature when 
he set for himself the highest standard of professional duty 
and of useful citizenship. He seemed naturally to gravitate 
towards the right side. Conscientious in everything, he was 
not unmindful of new obligations to duty growing out of the 
general confidence in which he was held. He early became 
interested in the affairs of his native city, taking, at times, an 



JAMES STARR. L29 

active part in politics, as a conservative Republican. He gen- 
erally acted with his friend, the late Henry Armitt Brown, and 
the reform wing of the Republican party. In 1872, he was 
invited by many prominent citizens, nearly two hundred in 
all, to accept an Independent Reform nomination to the State 
Senate. In their letter to Colonel Starr, they say: — 

" We regard it as the duty of a man like yourself not to refuse the 
suffrages of your fellow-citizens for a post in which, if elected, you 
can lender public services so important. Your long and distinguished 
services during the war, and the integrity and capacity which you 
have always displayed, are an earnest of the benefits to be expected 
from your service in the Legislature. We should expect you to be 
sruided by convictions of the good of the community at large, rather 
than by narrow partisan views. . . . Believing, as in the purer days 
of the Republic, that the office should seek the man and not the man 
the office, we request that you will not refuse us the gratification of 
presenting you for the suffrages of your fellow-citizens." 

Among the signers to this letter are the names of A. J. 
Drexel, Charles Mcllvaine, Alexander Henry, T. B. Cope, 
Thomas W. Evans, Joseph Wharton, Win. W. Wister, C. M. 
Riddle, J. B. Copperthwaite, W. H. Merrick, E. Spencer Mil- 
ler, Thomas McKean, Moses Brown, Jr., J. L. Erringer, and 
many well-known gentlemen. 

In reply, Colonel Starr wrote : — 

" Being in full sympathy with the spirit of your letter, I should have 
deemed it my duty to have accepted such a nomination, had not a third 
candidate eutered the field in the interest of reform, and in opposition 
to those who wrongfully claim to represent the Republican party of 
our district, and who, by all manner of evil means, have managed to 
gain such complete control of the machinery of tlie organization as to 
make it absolutely necessary for us to drive them from power, in order 
to preserve our simple rights as citizens." 

Under such circumstances, and because of certain complica- 
tions in the district, he felt compelled to decline the invitation. 

He was, for a brief time, Assistant Attorney-General of the 
State, at Plarrisburg. Shortly after, he was persuaded to 

17 



130 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

allow the use of his name as an independent candidate for the 
office of prothonotary, but he was very badly defeated by the 
ring politicians. His position in this contest was that of a 
leader of a forlorn hope, and he was influenced only by the 
strictest sense of duty. He was offered the command of a 
brigade of Pennsylvania militia, and later of a division, both 
of which he declined. He was urged to assume the control of 
the Centennial grounds and Exhibition in 1876, but refused 
for reasons touching the extent of his authority in selecting 
subordinate officers. 

He was married, June 12, 1869, in St. Mark's Church, 
Philadelphia, to Mary Emlen, the eldest daughter of the late 
George Emlen, Esq., and thereafter made his home in Ger- 
mantown. Five children have, indeed, made that home one of 
happiness: James, Jr., born 5 April, 1870; George Emlen, 
23 October, 1871; Ellen, 12 May, 1873; Lydia, 18 May, 1876; 
Theodore Ducoing, 14 January, 1880. 

From Germantown, Colonel Starr went each dav to his law 
office in the city, at 623, Walnut Street. His own professional 
success was fair, though never quite so remunerative as his 
wants and his generous views demanded. There were, of 
course, dull days, and in some of them his thoughts went 
eagerly back to the scenes of the camp and army of which his 
modesty made him usually so reticent. One day, as troops 
were passing with fine music at the front, lie said to a friend, 
" Ah, Frank, that 's the life, after all ! ' His amusements were 
few, but he went occasionally to dinners of his regiment, the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, to the Harvard Club, to 
Washington, and Boston. In his later years he cared little for 
societv of a fashionable sort, and he seldom left his own fire- 
side after dark. Frequently, on Sundays, he went a long dis- 
tance to dine with his aged mother, for he never forgot to be a 
devoted son and brother. . He entered heartily into all the 
sports and interests of his children, especially the two older 
boys, even learning with them to ride a bicycle. He kept 



JAMES STARR. 1.31 

Christmas with them as one of them, — himself a child. 
Occasional ill health would cause low spirits, but they were of 
short duration, and for them he always said a visit to Harvard 
and his old College friends was the best remedy. Next to his 
own family, his dearest affection went out to Alma Mater and 
the men of his Class. 

He never fully recovered from the severe strain made upon 
his constitution by the war. In the spring of 1881, his health 
began to fail, but the summer vacation partially restored him. 
Some three months before his death he planned to go with an 
old College friend, the last of August, to Dixville Notch. On 
the evening of 22 August, 1881, he had a severe chill, suc- 
ceeded by fever, and, after much suffering, he died from 
typhoid-pneumonia at half-past one p.m., 1 September. The 
sad news was at once sent to distant friends. The local news- 
papers, and those of New York, Boston, and Washington, 
printed notices of his life and military services. A guard of 
honor, a military escort, and a soldier's burial were generously 
pressed upon the family. All such honors and display were 
declined, with full appreciation of the spirit in which they were 
offered. The funeral took place from St. Luke's Episcopal 
Church, in Germantown, on the morning of 5 September. As 
the family and pall-bearers accompanying the body arrived at 
the' church, a large number of the old Sixth Cavalry, with 
Colonel Rush at their head, were drawn up in open ranks upon 
the path leading to the church door. Through the ranks of 
these veterans of his they carried the dead soldier to the 
chancel, the bearers being General Leiper, Colonel Treichel, 
Colonel Newhall, Captain Frazier, Captain Cadwalader, of his 
regiment, and Colonel George Meade. Inside the church, 
beside the regiment, were officers of the Loyal Legion, mem- 
bers of the Grand Army of the Republic, civic officials, promi- 
nent citizens, and neighbors. On the coffin rested a wreath 
of laurel sent by the Loyal Legion. The burial service w r as 
read by an old friend and teacher of his, the Rev. Dr. John 



132 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Andrews Harris, and by the assistant rector of St. Luke's. 
His favorite hymn, M Brief life is here our portion," was sung 
by the choir, and the impressive services closed with the beau- 
tiful hymn, " Paradise." Again they carried him through 
the ranks, which saluted him for the last time ; and the family, 
pall-bearers, and a few friends, followed him to his resting- 
place at Laurel Hill. 

Letters and telegrams of sympathy and condolence with the 
family came from friends in all parts of the country. 

General Charles Devens, formerly Attorney-General of the 

United States, wrote : — 

" I have always considered him one of the truest and noblest gentle- 
men I have ever known. His view of life, and the possibilities it 
offers to us, was very high, and he earnestly strove to live up to it. 
My regard and respect for him began during the war, and have con- 
tinued to the time of his decease. His loss is a great blow to all who 
have ever known him." 

General Charles L. Leiper, formerly of his regiment, wrote: 

" I was greatly shocked this morning to see a notice in the paper 
of the death of my dear friend, and I want immediately to let you 
know how sincerely I sympathize with you. Your husband was one 
of my most valued friends, and although I have not seen as much of 
him in late years as I desired, my affection and esteem have not les- 
sened in the least. I can truly say that, in all the years I have 
known him, his every action has been that of a thorough gentleman, in 
the highest sense of the word. His career as a soldier was marked 
by the strictest attention to duty and fine courage. His Government 
fitly recognized his merits. His whole character is a precious heir- 
loom for his children, and they can never be too proud of having had 
such a father." 

The Hon. James T. Mitchell, of Philadelphia, at once tele- 
graphed as follows : — 

" Have just seen notice of Starr's death. Regret exceedingly I 
cannot reach home in time for Bar meeting. A gallant soldier, a 
sound lawyer, a true friend, of the highest moral courage, indepen- 
dence, integrity, and honor, his death is a public loss to the Bar, and 
to his native city." 



JAMES STARK. 133 

Judge William S. Peirce, of Philadelphia, wrote: — 

" Ii was with sincere sorrow that I heard of the death of Colonel 
Starr. 1 had, as all who knew him had, the wannest personal regard 

for him, and I sincerely mourn his loss." 

The Rev. W. H. Vibbert, rector of St. Luke's, Germantown, 
wrote from Cambridgeshire, England: — 

" I have been most deeply shocked and grieved by the news of the 
death of my good friend, your dear husband. I can well fancy what 
a loss he is to you, and to your children. ... I assure you that you 
have been much in my thoughts, and in my prayers, ever since I re- 
ceived the sad intelligence. As I think of his loving disposition, of 
his kind heart, of the pleasant memories that live after him, of his 
service to the great Master, there seems to be much comfort in these 
thoughts." 

The Rev. John H. Converse wrote from Bristol, R.I. : — 

" It is with the utmost surprise and sorrow that I have just heard 
of the death of your husband, my classmate and College chum. . . . 
James and I had not seen very much of each other during the last ten 
or fifteen years, yet I have never ceased to love and respect his genu- 
ine and manly Christian character, which has now passed unsullied to 
the rest and reward promised to such." 

The Rev. Joseph May, of Philadelphia, wrote from Boston, 
where he was visiting : — 

" We are all appalled and stricken dumb by the news from poor 
James, and can hardly believe it. How deeply I enter into your sym- 
pathies, I trust you will feel. I lose in dear James one of my oldest, 
and truest, and securest friends. He was as sterling as silver, and as 
true as steel. . . . All our friends here are full of grief for him, and 
of sympathy for you. May God strengthen your heart and smooth 
your path." 

John C. Ropes, Esq., of Boston, wrote : — 

"I am deeply moved by the sad news of James's death, and I trust 
you will not consider it an intrusion into your peculiar sorrow if I 
write a few lines to send you my most sincere sympathy. James was, 
as you well know, one of my oldest and most valued friends, of whose 
attachment and affection I felt absolutely sure, for whose character I 
had the highest esteem, and whom I loved strongly. In many ways 
James's character matured and strengthened with age." 



134 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

A lady in Boston, a friend of long standing, wrote : — 

'" I was wholly unprepared for the brief paragraph which told me 
that my dear friend had passed from our sight. Although I saw him 
so seldom, I never felt at all separated from him. 1 think the stead- 
fastness of his friendships was a marked characteristic. His was so 
true and loyal a nature, that, once clasping hands in token of friend- 
ship, the affection which prompted the act never grew cool. All his 
friends feel this trait of his character strongly. As one parted from 
him, so they met him again, whatever the interval of time between the 
meetings. I saw most of him in his younger days, and I never met a 
young man for whom I had a higher respect. I feel that I have lost 
out of my life that rare blessing, a true friend. His whole heart cen- 
tred in his home, in you [his wife], and his sweet children, and there 
he found his great happiness. It is a great blessing to children to 
have a father so pure in character, so high-toned, with so much aspira- 
tion ; such an influence is never lost, and such a man never dies." 

Colonel J. L. Stackpole, of Boston, writing to a classmate, 
said : — 

" What a loss it is ! We three sat together on the old College 
benches for four years with constant sympathy, and never a feeling 
but of the most entire friendship; and now the line is broken. I 
always felt that I had in him a friend sure, tried, and real.' The 
number of such men is few, and the void made by the death of early 
friends is replaced by nothing in life. One realizes how few friends 
are made after early days, with the same wholeness of feeling and 
sympathy." 

The Veteran Association of his old regiment, of which he 
was president, said : — 

" We desire to record in this manner our appreciation of his noble 
character as a man, his capacity and bravery as a soldier, and his 
graces as a Christian gentleman. While we mourn his loss to us, we 
are sure that he has been promoted to a higher sphere, where he will 
forever rest from the strife of this life." 

The Trustees of the venerable Germantown Academy, 
founded in 1760, said : — 

" In the death of our late co-Trustee, Colonel James Starr, we have 
met with a severe and almost irreparable loss. Colonel Starr had 



JAMES STARR. 135 

been an active and efficient member of this Board for more than lour 
years, during which time he earned and retained the merited respect 

and confidence of all his associate Trustees, who unite in this expression 
of appreciation of his merits, and of the loss they have met with in his 
death." 

From a highly appreciative article in the " Penn Monthly," 
we extract the following: — 

" He studied law under the direction of the late Peter McCall, who 
was for many years one of the leaders of the Philadelphia Bar. It is 
high but w r ell-deserved praise to say that Colonel Starr was a fitting 
representative of that school of legal and ethical instruction. . . . 

"No soldier ever drew sword with more enthusiasm. lie had a 
deep and earnest conviction of the righteousness of the Nation's cause, 
and he enlisted because, and only because, to him the call to arms was 
that of honor and duty. In every capacity, whether as aide-de-camp, 
line officer, or commanding officer of his regiment, he deserved and re- 
ceived the willing ohedience and respect of his subordinates, and the 
approval and commendation of his superior officers. 

'• Alike as a soldier and a lawyer, he was conspicuous for a high 
sense of honor, sound judgment, and earnest, faithful, and thorough 
performance of duty. He put to practical use, in the reorganization 
of the State Militia, the knowledge and experience he had gained in 
active service. 

"And yet, withal, so modest was he that few people really knew 
him. No word would ever fall from his lips indicating that he had 
done anything that merited honor. He even requested that the usual 
meeting of the Philadelphia Bar, in respect to a lawyer dying in active 
practice, should, in his case, be omitted." 

His Harvard classmates were too widely scattered, on their 

summer vacations, for any of them to attend the funeral. A 

meeting of the Class was held in Boston,. 20 September, 

His Excellency Governor Long presiding. After remarks by 

several classmates, the following letter, from Dr. Ezra Dyer, 

was read : — 

Pittsburg, Pa., September 15th, 1881. 

My dear Folsom, — Your card, telling me of the class-meeting to 
take notice of the death of our beloved classmate, is just received, and I 
want you to tell the men who are fortunate enough to be able to meet 



136 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

together and exchange sympathy and mourn his loss, that I shall be 
with them in spirit at the hour of their meeting, and wish that I could 
be there. I need not say anything of his sterling qualities as a man 
and a friend : they are too well known by every one of you to be com- 
mented on by me. Of course all good incidents of his life — and 
there were no others — are pleasant to recall, and I want to tell you 
of one which I shall never forget, and you could never have heard of. 
I remember so well receiving a telegraphic despatch that poor Jim 
would arrive at midnight in Philadelphia, at the Baltimore depot, 
wounded in the face. I was informed that he was coming directly 
from the field. Of course I was there with a bottle of beef-tea, and 
stimulants, and bandages. The train was late ; I dou't know that 
I ever awaited one more anxiously. I did n't realize it then, but now I 
know that every moment added to my love for dear old Jim. You 
will all remember a peculiarly soft and touching look that his eyes had. 
I shall never forget his that night. I have met many a train of loyal 
and rebel wounded, but such a patient, grateful, resigned, almost 
heavenly look as he gave me when I found him in the car, I had never 
seen before, and am grateful to have it in remembrance. He was shot 
through the face and could not speak, but he looked. He did not know 
how badly he was wounded, — whether fatally or not. He was in his 
army overcoat, all clotted and stiff with blood, and twenty-four hours 
from the field ; with no dressing and no nourishment, as he could 
not get any liquid food on the way. Solid food of course he could not 
take. He showed no sign of discontent at the ne<di«ence he had re- 
ceived. I wish you could have seen him drink through a tube that 
beef-tea. He was starring, and yet never afterwards, in the whole 
course of his convalescence, did he refer to his terrible sufferings on his 
way home. He was a true, honest, and brave man, always kindly to 
his friends, and he had no enemies. 

Yours truly, 

Ezra Dyer. 

A Committee was then appointed to retire and prepare a 
minute, to be entered upon the records of the Class, and they 
reported as follows : — 

"The Harvard Class of 1857 have received with surprise and pain 
the very sad intelligence of the death of Colonel James Starr. We 
have met at this time to record our deep sense of personal loss ; our 
appreciation of his high character ; his brave, pure, and honorable life; 



JAMES STARR. 137 

his distinguished military service; his intelligent interesl in public 
affairs; his early and constant love of nature, of music, of good books, 
and the friendships of youth; his unfailing devotion to his Alma Ma- 
ter; and his conscientious fidelity to the duties of life." 

It was voted, that the same Committee convey the preceding 
minute to the widow and children of tlic late Colonel Starr, 
together with the respectful and sincere sympathy of his class- 
mates. 

No knight of old ever had a braver heart or quicker con- 
science. All who knew him trusted him, and those who loved 
him did so without question or doubt. Singularly gentle in 
his nature, there was no trait of unmanliness in him. Cool 
and brave in battle, there was no taint of coarseness about 
him. His moral and physical courage were perfect. With no 
unusual natural abilities, steady application and a fine ideal of 
living early made him a man of influence. He never forgot 
the dreams of his youth, and these kept him fresh and genuine 
to the last. At heart he was always a boy. He loved all 
good things which give flavor and sentiment to life. Under- 
lying his character was a deep religious feeling. Through all 
doubts which came to him in later years, child of Quaker and 
Catholic as he was, he kept to the faith of the Episcopal Church, 
in which he was reared, and with which he united himself as 
a communicant. He cared little for theological speculations 
or controversy. He stood by what he had written long years 
before: "A man's true happiness consists in placing before 
himself certain noble ends, and working earnestly, constantly, 
and unswervingly to accomplish those ends." 

As we take leave of him, the words of the Commemoration 
orator come back "to us : — 

" Oh, then, ye noble and beautiful ones ! we will not 
call you back from your glory, yet we will not bid you 

FAREWELL. We INVOKE YOUR CONTINUAL PRESENCE. COME 
AND ABIDE IN THESE SCENES OF YOUR EARTHLY LOVE ! COME 

VER.Y NEAR TO THE HEART OF OUR INGENUOUS YOUTH ! OTHERS 

18 



138 . THE CLASS OF 1857. 

shall give them knowledge; do ye bend over them in 
your glistening robes, and be to them, in your examples 
and your memories, a shining presence and guiding light. 
Hallow their learning, consecrate their genius, brace 
them to manliness, ennoble their aims, inspire them for 
duty and fidelity and self-sacrifice, the martyr's de- 
votion and the hero's valor ! make them dear lovers 
of truth and virtue, of their country and their race, 
of God and the right ; mould them into your own spirit- 
ual LIKENESS ; MAKE THEM YOUR VERY BROTHERS IN THE 
FAMILY OF God ! " 



HENRY J. STEVENS. L39 



HENRY JAMES STEVENS. 



HENRY JAMES STEVENS, son of James and Lydia 
[Gardner] Stevens, was born at Andover, Mass., 2 
February, 1837. 

For the first six months after graduating, he studied law at 
his home, in Andover, and, the next six months, in Lawrence, 
Mass. He entered the Law School at Cambridge in September, 
1858, and remained there one year, teaching school during a 
part of the winter in Woburn, Mass. In July, 1859, Stevens 
entered the office of William Brigham (1829), in Boston. He 
again taught school in Woburn during the winter of 1859-60, 
was admitted to the Suffolk Bar in September, 1860, and 
opened an office in Boston. He continues in the practice of 
law, his present office being at 19, Congress Street, Boston. 
He lives in Boston in the winter, and at North Andover and 
Manchester, Mass., in the summer. 

He married Helen M., daughter of Edward and Mary Gran- 
ger, of Pittsford, Vt., 23 September, 1868. He has the fol- 
lowing children: Gertrude Mead, born 4 July, 1864; Mary 
Sweetser, born 13 May, 1867 ; Georgia Lydia, born 8 May, 
1870 ; and Helen Granger and Isabella Abbot, born 5 April, 
1876. 



140 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



LIVINGSTON STONE. 



LIVINGSTON STONE, son of Peter Robert Livingston 
and Lavinia [Winship] Stone, was born at Cambridge, 
Mass., 21 October, 1836. 

In the fall of 1857, he began the study of divinity at the 
Meadville Theological School in Pennsylvania, and remained 
there through the entire course of three years, graduating in 
the class of 1800, and being the only member of the Class to 
enter immediately on a preparation for the ministry. In 
December, he took up a short engagement at Billerica, Mass. ; 
then at Detroit, Mich., and at Philadelphia. After return- 
ing to Massachusetts, he supplied the pulpit at Billerica 
for a year, and, having declined a call from the parish in that 
place, again entered the field as a candidate; in June, 1863, 
he was invited to preach at Charlestown, N.IL, where he 
soon after received a call to settle. The call having been 
accepted, he was ordained 1 June, 1804, at first as colleague 
to the Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby, D.D. (1804) ; on the death 
of his colleague, he became sole pastor of the Unitarian 
church in that place. He resigned this pastorate in June, 
1868. In the summer of 1858, Stone made a complete tour of 
the upper Lakes, and spent considerable time among the Chip- 
pewa Indians at Le Grand Portage, extending his wanderings 
a considerable distance beyond the usually travelled routes. 
In May, 180G, he published for private distribution a memoir 
of his late colleague, Dr. Crosby. 



LIVINGSTON STONE. 141 

While still engaged in the work of the ministry, Stone made 
some experiments in hatehing trout, and, in 1866, established 
the Cold Spring Trout Ponds at Chariest own, N.H., which was 
the first fish-hatching station in the United States, except Seth 
Green's, in New York. Since 18G8, he has given his whole 
time to fish culture. In 1868, lie went to New Brunswick and 
built on the Mirauaichi River a salmon-hatching establish- 
ment, which was then the largest place of its kind in the world, 
and the first on this continent. He also conducted investi- 
gations relating to fish culture, for the State of Massachusetts, 
at Lake Champlain, and succeeded in hatching the first yellow 
perch and glass-eyed pike which had, at that time, been brought 
to life by artificial means. He also carried on some interesting 
experiments in crossing fish of different varieties. In July, 
1^72, he was appointed the Deputy of the United-States Fish 
Commission for the Pacific Coast, and has since had entire 
charge of all the fish-culture work which the United States has 
done in that region. 

In 1873, he fitted up a car for carrying live fish across the 
continent, taking eleven different varieties of living fish, then 
new to the Pacific Coast. He left Charlestown, N.H., for Cali- 
fornia, with the car, in June of that year. The railroad bridge 
over the Elkhorn River on the Union Pacific Railroad broke 
through as the train was passing over, and precipitated custo- 
dians and fish into the river. Stone, with his assistants, escaped 
from the water, though with some difficulty, but the aquarium 
car was a total wreck, and the fish a total loss, except to the 
Elkhorn River. He soon returned to the East, and, taking 
thirty-five thousand young shad, carried them safely through to 
the Sacramento River, passing the scene of the accident within 
three weeks of the time it occurred. An interesting account of 
the accident is given in the Boston "Daily Advertiser" of 14 
June, 1873, and of the second trip in the Sacramento " Weekly 
Union" of 20 June, 1874. In 1878, he crossed the continent 
again with living fish, on this trip introducing lobsters and 



142 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

striped bass for the first time into the Pacific Ocean ; and, in 
1880, made a similar journey with live shad, all of these over- 
land trips having been very successful, except the first. 

In 1872, he established a United-States station for collecting 
salmon eggs on the McCloud River, Shasta County, California, 
and carried it on, on a very large scale, for the ten subsequent 
years with very gratifying success. During the ten years men- 
tioned, he hatched and returned to the tributaries of the Sac- 
ramento River 1 ten million living salmon, and sent off from the 
station sixty million salmon eggs. Most of these eggs went to 
the Northern Atlantic States, though several million were sent 
to England, France, Germany, Russia, Australia, and New- 
Zealand. 

In 1877, he built a very large salmon-breeding establishment 
on the Columbia River for a private company in Oregon and 
Washington Territory, which he carried on for a year. 

In 1872, Stone became editor of the Fish Culturists' Depart- 
ment of the New-York " Citizen and Round Table," then the 
leading organ of fish culturists in this country, which he con- 
ducted till he went to California for the United-States Fish 
Commission. 

In 1873, he published, through James R. Osgood & Co., the 
first edition of " Domesticated Trout, how to Breed and Grow 
Them," which was followed the same year by a second edition, 
and by a third enlarged edition in 1877. He has written a 
large number of articles on fish culture for the "Forest and 
Stream" of New York City, and two articles on the same sub- 
ject which were published in the " Overland Monthly " of San 
Francisco. He has also read several papers before the Ameri- 
can Fish Culturists' Association, which were published in the 
proceedings of that society. He contributed the account of the 
California salmon published in the " Game Fish of North 

1 One of the results of these deposits of live salmon in the tributaries of the 
Sacramento Iims been that the annual catch of salmon in the river has increased 
from five million pounds in 187-3 to fifteen million pounds in 1881. 



LIVINGSTON STONE. 143 

America," and, by request, several articles to the published 
reports of the various Slate Fish Commissions. His annual 
report of "Operations on the Pacific Coast" is also published 
in each of the yearly reports of the United-States Fish Com- 
mission for the ten years from 1872 to 1881, inclusive. He 
has delivered several lectures on Fish Culture; among others, 
one at the University of California at Oakland, Cal., and an- 
other before the Agassiz Institute at Sacramento. In 1881, 
he was invited to deliver the annual address before the New- 
Hampshire State Fish and Game League. 

In 1870, he was elected Secretary of the American Fish 
Culturists' Association, which position he held till his resigna- 
tion in 1872, when he was commissioned to go to the Pacific 
Coast. He is still a member of the Association. 

In 1869, he received a silver medal and diploma for Fish- 
Breeding Apparatus at the Eleventh Exhibition of the Massa- 
chusetts Charitable Mecbanic Association held in Boston. In 
1868, he was awarded a silver medal at the New-England Fair 
held at New London, Conn., for an exhibit of living fish ; and, 
in 1872, was awarded'a bronze medal and another silver medal 
at Albany for a similar exhibit. In 1875, the Society d'Accli- 
matcUion, of Paris, sent him a complimentary bronze medal for 
successful efforts in the culture of salmon; and, in 1881, he 
received at the International Fisberies Exhibition held at Ber- 
lin, Germany, under the patronage of the Crown Prince, a large 
gold medal and diploma for inventions in fish-hatching appara- 
tus, and also an honorable mention and diploma for a collection 
and paintings of fish. 

He was elected a corresponding member of the Deutsche 
Fischerei-Verein, in Berlin, in April, 1878; and, in 1882, was 
made one of the Judges at the International Fishery Exhibition 
held at Edinburgh, Scotland. 

He received his degree of A.M. in 1872. 

lie married Rebecca Saulsbury, daughter of Hon. Edmund 
L. Gushing, of Charlestown, N.H., then Chief Justice of the 



144 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Superior Court of New Hampshire, 8 April, 1875. Her mother 
was Laura Hubbell Lovell. He has one child, Edmund dish- 
ing, born 8 March, 1882. 

His address in the summer is Baird, Shasta Co., Cal., and 
during the rest of the year, Charlestown, N.H. 



JAMES J. STORROW. 145 



JAMES JACKSON STORROW. 



JAMES JACKSON STORROW was born in Boston, 29 
July, 1837. He is the son of Charles Storer (1829) and 
Lydia Cabot [Jackson] Storrow. 

Soon after graduating, he began to study law in the office 
of Elias Merwin, Esq., of Boston. In March, 1858, he entered 
the Law School at Cambridge, where he remained for one year. 
He was admitted to the bar in March, 1860. 

In August, 1861, he married Annie M. Perry, of Andover, 
Mass. She died 9 March, L865, leaving three children : Eliza- 
beth Randolph, born 15 August, 1862 ; James Jackson, born 
21 January, 1864 (a member of the class of 1885, in Har- 
vard College) ; Samuel, born 19 February, 1865. 12 Septem- 
ber, 1873, he married Anne A. Dexter, of Brookline, Mass. 

He is now living at 417, Beacon Street, and is engaged in 
the practice of law at 40, State Street, Boston. During the 
last ten years a large part of his time has been devoted to 
cases connected with patents and the use of patented ma- 
chinery. He passed parts of two winters in Washington, 
engaged in defending the Patent Laws before Congress. His 
arguments were printed by Government. 



19 



146 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



CHARLES FOLSOM WALCOTT. 



i^HARLES FOLSOM WALCOTT was born at Hopkinton, 
^-- Mass., 22 December, 1836. He was the son of Samuel 
Baker and Martha [Pickman] Walcott. 

He left Cambridge in May, 1857, and spent the summer and 
early fall in Northern and Western Minnesota, living for several 
weeks with the Sioux and Winnebago Indians. In the latter 
part of October, he descended the Mississippi from St. Paul to 
New Orleans, stopping for a few days at the most interesting 
points on the way. From New Orleans he returned home by 
sea, after spending a short time on the island of Cuba. 

After his return to the North, Walcott devoted himself to 
the study of law, spending three years in the Dane Law School 
and in the office of Chandler & Shattuck in Boston. He w r as 
admitted to the bar, 21 June, 1861. While in the Law School 
he was a successful competitor for the first prize on the subject 
of '• The estate of the mortgagor and that of the mortgagee in 
mortgaged real property." 

Walcott was mustered into the United-States service as 
captain in the Twenty-first Massachusetts Volunteers, 21 Au- 
gust, 1861, and served in this regiment in Maryland, North 
Carolina, Virginia, and Kentucky, participating in general en- 
gagements at Roanoke Island, Newbern, Camden, Manassas, 
Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredcricksburgh, and 
in several skirmishes. He resigned his commission, 25 April, 
1863. He married Anna Morrill, daughter of Morrill Wyman, 
M.D. (1833), of Cambridge, 7 October, 1863. In May, 1864, 



charles; f. walcott. 147 

he re-entered the service as captain of the Twelfth Unattached 
Company, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, and in this capacity 
was in command of the fort near Provincetown, Mass., for a 
period of three months. 22 September, he was commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel of the Sixty-first Massachusetts Volunteers. 
This regiment was recruited as a one-year regiment. The first 
battalion, of live companies, under his command, left the State 
for the Army of the Potomac, 7 October, and others followed 
as soon as they reached the maximum number. Walcott was 
mustered as colonel, 28 February, 1865, to date from 9 Novem- 
ber, 1864. The regiment was especially distinguished in the 
fighting before Petersburg on the 2d of April. The Report of 
the Adjutant-General of Massachusetts for 1865 thus describes 
their gallantry on that occasion : " On the 2d of April, when 
the rebel line was everywhere broken, the brigade to which the 
Sixty-first was attached operated with the Ninth Corps, and 
the regiment conducted itself with distinguished bravery in the 
action. The Ninth Corps, by a most gallant coup de main, car- 
ried and occupied the enemy's works in front of Fort Sedgwick 
(Fort Hell), early in the morning of the 2d. As soon as the 
first panic was over, the enemy, with even more than his usual 
obstinacy, attempted to retake the lost position, and at last 
succeeded in recapturing Fort Malone and the adjoining breast- 
works. At this critical moment (about two p.m.), the Sixty- 
first Regiment, which had been lying in reserve, was ordered 
to charge the enemy. In a few minutes, though with the loss 
of thirty-five brave men, the regiment recaptured the breast- 
works and carried the parapet of Fort Malone, driving the 
rebels behind the first traverse of the work." For his distin- 
guished gallantry on this occasion, and also for meritorious 
services in the operations resulting in the fall of Richmond 
and the surrender of Lee's army, Walcott received a brevet of 
brigadier-general, to date 9 April, the day of the surrender. 
He was mustered out of the service, 4 June, and returned to 
the practice of the law in Boston, at 30, Court Street. His 



148 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

present address is 39, Court Street, and his residence at Cam- 
bridge. He has been a member of the Common Council and 
the Board of Aldermen at Cambridge, and served as a Repre- 
sentative to the General Court in 1871 and 1872. He is a 
member of several military societies. He is the author of the 
" History of the Twenty-first Regiment, Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, in the War for the Preservation of the Union, with Sta- 
tistics of the War and of Rebel Prisons," Boston, 1882. He 
has had three children, two of whom are now living: Anstace, 
born 9 February, 1867, and Charles, born 30 August, 1870. 



1 1 i:\hy c. WELLES. 149 



* HENRY COIT WELLES. 



HENRY COIT WELLES, son of Alfred and Maria 
[Richards] Welles, was born in Boston, 29 Novem- 
ber, 1836. 

After graduation, he remained at Cambridge, studying 
the theory of the law at the Dane Law School for two years ; 
he was admitted to practice at the Suffolk Bar, in February, 
1859, and took the degree of LL.B., July, 1859. He then 
studied practice for about a year in the office of Messrs. 
Brooks & Ball, in Boston. 5 June, 1860, he began practice on 
his own account at No. 5, Court Street, and removed to Barris- 
ter's Hall after a short time. In the early part of the fall 
of 1861, he began recruiting a company for service in the war; 
and, on the 18th of October, he was mustered into service at 
Camp Chase, Lowell, with the rank of captain, in what was 
afterwards known as the Eastern Bay-State Regiment, and, still 
later, organized by Governor Andrew as the Thirtieth Regi- 
ment of Massachusetts Volunteers. With his regiment, he 
went to Fortress Monroe, and thence to Ship Island. - After 
remaining there about two months, the regiment followed in 
Farragut's wake up the Mississippi, was present at the capture 
of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and, but for an accident, 
would have been the first to land at New Orleans after its 
capture. They were here quartered at Odd Fellows' Hall, and 
were occupied for about a month in provost duties. 

While stationed at New Orleans, Welles went, in charge of 
his company and one from a Vermont regiment, with Lieu- 



150 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

tenant-Colonel Kinsman, of General Butler's staff, to seize the 
steamer " Gray Cloud," of the so-called " Sound Line," con- 
cealed in a small river running into Lake Pontchartrain. They 
arrived at the river, and took possession of the steamer in 
a summary manner, but only to find the engine in a disabled 
condition, with loss of packing and other essentials about the 
boiler. However, Yankee ingenuity and enterprise were not 
to be thus overcome. Welles selected mechanics from his 
company, and set them to work ; and, in five hours from its 
capture, the " Gray Cloud " had her steam up. The steamer 
was afterwards converted into the iron-clad army gunboat 
" Kinsman." 

From New Orleans Welles went to Baton Rouge, where he 
had for his private quarters the office of the Secretary of the 
State of Louisiana. Here the regiment joined General Wil- 
liams, and with him ascended the Mississippi, burning Grand 
Gulf on the way. The regiment landed opposite Vicksburg, 
and began the construction of what was called " Williams's 
Cut-off" ; the Confederates called it « Butler's Folly." Here 
Welles had charge of the soldiers and negroes detailed to dig 
the canal, and, as he expresses it, " spent the national holiday, 
July 4, 1862, in driving niggers!" When the river fell, the 
canal was abandoned, and the regiment returned to Baton 
Rouge in time to take part in the battle at that place, 5 
August. Hearing the guns of the approaching engagement, 
Welles left his bed in the hospital, where he had been for 
some time quite ill, took command of his company, and en- 
gaged in the action of that* day. For his conduct in this 
action, he was honorably mentioned in general orders. About 
this- time, he had the first attack of intermittent fever, on 
account of which he was finally discharged. About the 
middle of February, 1863, he received leave of absence, and 
returned home. In the summer, he was on duty at Long 
Island, Boston Harbor, as post-adjutant, and finally reported 
at the General Hospital at Annapolis, Md., where he was 



HENRY C WELLES. 151 

honorably discharged, for disability incurred in the service, 
20 October, I860, after two years' service. The state of his 
health prevented his engaging in any business till 14 Feb- 
ruary, 1866, when he resumed the practice of law in Barris- 
ter's Hall, in Huston. 

In April, 1867, Welles removed to Ellenburgh, Clinton 
County, N.Y., and practised law at that place and at Pitts- 
burgh, N.Y. He returned to Boston in August, 1868, and 
died at that place, 16 January, 1869. He is buried at Mount 
Auburn. 



152 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



SAMUEL WELLS. 



SAMUEL WELLS, son of Samuel and Louisa Ann [Ap- 
pleton] Wells, was born at Hallo well, Me., 9 Septem- 
ber, 1836. 

Immediately after graduating, he entered upon the study of 
the law in his father's office, in Boston, and on 18 December, 
1858, was admitted to the bar. He soon after entered on 
the practice of his profession in partnership with his father. 
11 June, 1863, he married Catharine Boott, daughter of Ezra 
Stiles Gannett, D.D. (1820), of Boston, Mass. He has three 
children : Stiles Gannett, born 7 December, 1864 ; Samuel, 
born 17 January, 1869 ; Louisa Appleton, born 23 December, 
1872. 

In 1871, he formed a law partnership with Edward Bangs, 
under the name of Bangs & Wells, which relation continues to 
this day. He is counsel and director of the John Hancock 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, director of the Boston Stor- 
age Warehouse Company, president and director of the Oam- 
pobello Company, and was, for some years, a director of the 
Vermont & Canada Railroad. For several vears he was 
secretary of the Boston Provident Association and treasurer 
of the Boston Young Men's Christian Union, of which institu- 
tion he is now one of the trustees. He is a member of the 
Council of the Boston Society of Natural History, of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee of the Boston Civil-Service Reform Associa- 
tion, president of the Boston Charitable Orthopedic Association, 



SAMUEL WELLS. 153 

and treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Masons of Massachu- 
setts; is a member of the Union, St. Botolph, Appalachian, 
and Unitarian Clubs and the Bostonian Society. 

Since 1870, he has devoted some of his spare hours to the 
use of the microscope, giving special attention to the Diatoma- 
cese, of which he has made a large collection, and to the appli- 
cation of photography to the microscope. 

His office is at 31, Pcmberton Square, and his house at 155, 
Boylston Street, Boston. 



20 



114 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



•ALLEN WHITMAN. 



ALLEN WHITMAN, son of Freedom and Sarah Bass 
[Allen] Whitman, was born in East Bridgewater, 
Mass., 21 August, "1837. 

For the year succeeding graduation, he remained at home, 
in East Bridgewater, spending the time in reading, and, dur- 
ing two months, in teaching a district school. In September, 

1858, he went to Blackstone, Mass., to take charge of a gram- 
mar school, and remained there till December, 1858, when he 
was engaged as an assistant in a private school at Newbern, 
N.C. He returned home, on account of ill health, in July, 

1859, and remained at home till September, 1860. He then 
wont to Ashby, Mass., to take charge of an academy. He 
taught there for two terms. In December, 1861, he accepted 
a position as tutor in a family in Yonkers, N.Y. While at 
this place, in July, 1863, he left the State as a private in the 
Seventh New- York Volunteer Militia, ordered for temporary 
duty into Pennsylvania ; but, after a few days, lie was taken 
ill, and was forced to return. He remained at Yonkers till 
October, 1864, when he went to Janesville, Wis., to teach in a 
private school. In April, 1865, he was appointed principal of 
the academy in Pomeroy, 0. He remained at this place till 
July, 1867. He accepted a position in a bank at Lake City, 
Minn., where he continued for six months. He then went 
to Chicago and was clerk in a law publishing house. In 
September, 1868, he was elected Superintendent of Schools in 
Pomeroy, 0. In July, 1869, he resigned his position and was 



ALLEN WHITMAN. 155 

elected secretary of a salt company in Poraeroy. He re- 
mained in this position a few months, when the company 
failed. He then taught in the high school at Middleport, 0., 
for six months. In 1870, he was appointed classical teacher 
in the high school at Cleveland, 0., where he remained until 
December, 1871, when ill health obliged him to resign his 
position. Whitman then went to St. Paul, Minn., where he 
passed the remainder of his life. The climate of Minnesota 
was very beneficial to him, and he became well enough to 
accept various positions at St. Paul. The last ten years of his 
life were very wearisome, as he was a confirmed invalid, but 
still did the work of a robust man. His patience and cheerful 
disposition during this trial were a great comfort to all his 
friends. 

He was married in Pomeroy, 0., 29 December, 1868, to 
Frances T., daughter of Dr. G. S. and Adeline Guthrie, of 
Mt. Union, 0. He had three children : Frank Emerson, born 
27 December, 1869; Mary Allen, born 4 January, 1872, died 
June, 1872 ; George McKean Folsom, born 2 June, 1878, died 
April, 1880. 

In 1870, Whitman was appointed State Entomologist, and 
wrote several reports, which were published, and important 
papers on the grasshopper plague of the Western States. 

He continued his work until three months before his death. 
He spoke in terms of affection of his Alma Mater and " all of 
the fellows' 1 during the last weeks of his life, and passed away 
at his home, 7 November, 1881. 



156 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



GEORGE LUTHER WHITMAN. 



^EORGE LUTHER WHITMAN was born in Boston, 
^--J" Mass., 22 August, 1834. His parents were Ephraim 
Parks and Soplironia Ann [Jones] Whitman. 

Soon after graduating, he went to Chicago, and engaged in 
business. In April, 1859, he returned to Cambridge, and was 
in the Law School until March, 1861. Shortly afterward, he 
was admitted to the firm of Wright & Whitman, in Boston, 
commission-merchants for domestic goods. He withdrew from 
the firm, 13 May, 1803. In October, 1864, he was engaged in 
the tobacco commission business in New- York City, under the 
firm name of J. H. Hollis & Co., Boston, and Harris & Whit- 
man, New York. He retired in the latter part of 186"). In 
December, 1865, he formed the firm of Whitman & Lovejoy, 
and continued the importation of druggists' sundries until 
July, 1868. In January, 1868, the firm of Button, Whitman, 
& Phelps was formed for the purpose of carrying on a cotton 
and woollen goods commission business, in which business he 
is still engaged. Mr. Button retired 1 April, 1870, and the 
firm then became Whitman & Phelps. 

In the summer of 1866, he visited England, France, and 
Switzerland. 

He married, 31 March, 1868, Charlotte Helen, daughter of 
William H. and Martha Helen Chandler, of Thompson, Conn. 
He has two children : Mabel, born 28 February, 1869, and 
Maud, born 18 February, 1870. His place of business is 40, 
and 42, Leonard Street, New-York City, and his residence 108, 
East 16th Street. 



GEORGE WHITTEMORE. 1 .".7 



•GEORGE WHITTEMORE. 



GEORGE WHITTEMORE, son of George and Anna 
[Mansfield] Whittemore, was born in Boston, 19 De- 
cember, 1886. 

On leaving College, lie was engaged as an assistant in 
the private classical school of Mr. E. S. Dixwell (1827), of 
Boston. While occupying this position, and afterwards, he 
studied law in the office of Messrs. Clarke & Shaw. He 
passed the usual examination, and was admitted to the Suffolk 
Bar the very day he left Boston as a soldier. 

In the summer of 1860, for the purpose of recruiting his 
health, he started with a small party on an excursion for travel 
and exploration, which was to have been continued for several 
months in the Southwest. Circumstances obliged him to give 
up the expedition when only partially performed, and he re- 
turned home. 

On the breaking-out of the war, Whittemore joined a drill- 
club ; but it was not till after the first disastrous battle 
of Bull Run, that he fully determined to enter the army. 
With him, to resolve was to act ; and he enlisted in the 
First Company of Massachusetts Sharpshooters as a private 
in August, 1861. He did this against the remonstrances 
of his friends, who felt that he was equal to, and ought 
to seek, a higher position. He himself was not wholly satis- 
fied with the step he had taken, when he came to meet the 
disagreeable associations to which it subjected him, without 
correspondingly increasing his efficiency in the field. The 



158 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

considerations, however, which decided his course, were both 
characteristic and honorable, inasmuch as they prompted him 
to take the place in which he could be most useful. He was 
an expert with the rifle, and capable of enduring great fatigue ; 
at the same time, he felt doubtful of his military ability as an 
officer, and averse to the restraints and routine of an infantry 
regiment. For these reasons, believing that the contest would 
be short, he preferred the independence and the opportunities 
for individual enterprise he hoped to find in the service, as 
one of an unattached command. Whittemore entered the 
service of his country as a true patriot: quiet and peaceful 
in his disposition, warmly devoted to intellectual and literary 
pursuits, and happily and tenderly cherished in the hearts of 
his family and friends, it was indeed a trial for him to give up 
the scenes of home for those of the camp and the field. But 
the voice of duty was to him the voice of God, and he cheer- 
fully, and without hesitation, offered his services and his life 
for his country. 

The company to which he was attached left Massachusetts 
for the seat of war early in September. It was not attached 
to any regiment for several months after leaving Boston, 
but remained with General Lander's command on the upper 
Potomac, until the death of that officer. Afterwards it was 
attached to the Fifteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, and re- 
mained with it during the remainder of its term of service. 

Whittemore was ens-aged in the skirmish at Edwards's 
Ferry, on the Potomac, and afterwards in all of the actions 
in which his company took part, until the battle of Antietam. 
He soon rose to the position of sergeant, which rank be held 
at the time of his death. 

During the siege of Yorktown, the company was found espe- 
cially useful. They w T ere armed with heavy telescopic rifles, 
weighing from fifteen to fifty pounds each, and required large 
means of transportation. The exigencies of the service made 
this impossible ; and the carrying of such heavy arms wore 



, GEORGE WHITTEMORE. 159 

down the company so much, that they were ordered to take 
Sharpe's rifles, and act as skirmishers. 

A few days before the hattlc of Antietam, while asleep with 
some of his comrades in a barn, Whittemore's rifle was stolen 
from his side. At the commencement of that engagement, on 
the 17th day of September, 1862, he was unarmed, and at lib- 
erty to be a non-combatant. He was urged, if not actually 
ordered, to remain in the rear. This he would not do. He 
went coolly toward the front, looking for a weapon. An officer 
saw him take a weapon from a fallen soldier, and calmly load 
and fire, until he was hit, and instantly killed. This occurred 
in or near the woods adjoining the cornfield where Sedgwick's 
Division met with its heavy losses, and quite near the little 
Tunker church on the road out from Sharpsburg. His body 
was buried by his comrades on the field. It was soon re- 
moved, and buried at Mount Auburn, where he now peacefully 
rests, on the slope of that mound so dear to him and all 
Cambridge men, — Harvard Hill. 



160 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*JOSIAH NEWELL WILLARD. 



JOSIAH NEWELL WILLARD, son of Dr. Henry and 
Rebecca A. [Grozier] Willard, was born in Provincetown, 
Mass., 16 November, 1835. 

Soon after graduating, he entered the Tremont (afterwards 
the Harvard) Medical School. In May, 1859, he became one 
of the house physicians of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 
and spent a year at that place. He graduated in medicine in 
July, 1860. 22 August, 1861, he was commissioned assistant 
surgeon of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Volunteers. His 
health was injured while in the service ; and 4 July, 1862, he 
arrived at home, sick. He rejoined his regiment, 15 August. 
He was engaged in the campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, 
the Peninsular and Maryland campaigns, and Pope's campaign 
in Virginia. At Antietam his horse was shot under him. 
In 1863, he was with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia, 
engaged in many battles and skirmishes, and under fire much 
of the time. He was commissioned surgeon of the First Mas- 
sachusetts Heavy Artillery, 10 November, 1862, and in thai 
capacity served until 13 October, 1864, when he was dis- 
charged for disability contracted in the service. 

He remained in Boston for a short time, and started for 
California in search of health, 23 January, 1865. He spent 
about a year in travels through California and Nevada, and 
24 August, 1865, he had a hemorrhage from the lungs. 30 
March, 1866, he engaged himself as surgeon of a line of 
American steamers, running between San Francisco, Cal., and 



JOSIAII N. WILLARD. 161 

Mazatlan, in Mexico, and certain ports on the Gulf of Cali- 
fornia, and temporarily under contract with the Imperial 
Government in Mexico. In this service, he passed through 
exciting scenes of the Mexican rebellion ; and, on 29 April, 
1866, the steamer on which he was acting was seized by the 
Liberals at Cape St. Lucas, and her passengers, officers, and 
crew were made prisoners. After several days' detention, 
the steamer was allowed to proceed on her course. He left 
the ship in October, 1869, and started for St. Paul in hope of 
finding relief at that place. 20 March, 1870, he started for 
Boston, but was unable to proceed farther than Philadelphia, 
where, after a few weeks, he died, 1 May, 1870. He was 
buried at Fall River, Mass. 



21 



162 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



HORATIO WOOD. 



HORATIO WOOD, son of Horatio (1827) and Abby 
[Abbot] Wood, was born at Walpole, N.H., 23 Octo- 
ber, 1835. His mother was the daughter of Rev. Jacob 
Abbot (1792). 

In September, 1857, he went, partly for health and partly 
for occupation, to teach in the family of J. G. Taliaferro, at 
Hagley, on the Rappahannock, in King George County, Va., 
fourteen miles below Fredericksburg. In July, 1858, he came 
home, where he remained until the following spring, when he 
went to Cincinnati and St. Louis. Failing in his intention of 
engaging in business, he returned home in July, and employed 
the next five months in recruiting his health. In September, 
1860, he engaged as tutor in Yonkers, N.Y. The next spring, 
he received a proposal to engage in a school for girls in 
Cincinnati, 0. He went to that city in September, and was 
engaged in teaching in the school until July, 1875, when it 
was given up. In September, 1862, a considerable body of 
rebels approached Cincinnati on the Kentucky side of the 
river; whereupori our classmate left his peaceful pursuits, and, 
in company with other citizens, was occupied for several days 
in throwing up intrenchments to receive the enemy. No at- 
tack, however, was made, and the citizens returned to their 
homes. 

He was for ten years a member of the Cincinnati Literary 
Club, for three or four years treasurer of the Cincinnati 
Society of Natural History, and recording secretary of the His- 
torical and Philosophical Society of Ohio. 

Since leaving Cincinnati, he has lived at Lowell, Mass. 



TEMPORARY MEMBERS. 



•SAMUEL JOHN BELL. 



SAMUEL JOHN BELL, son of Dr. Luther V (A.B., Bow- 
doin, 1823 ; M.D., Dart. 1826), Superintendent of the 
McLean Asylum for the Insane at Somerville, Mass., and 
Frances [Pinkerton] Bell, died at Somerville, Mass., on the 
10th of November, 1853. A Class-meeting was held in the 
Institute-room on the following day, at which suitable resolu- 
tions were passed. They may be found in the Class Book. 
The Class attended Bell's funeral at Mount Auburn. 



166 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



•JAMES GERRITT BRADT. 



JAMES GERRITT BRADT, son of Gerritt James and 
Selina Ann [Bayley] Bradt, was born at Lowell, Mass., 
27 September, 1837. 

He left College, 19 September, 1855, on account of hemor- 
rhage from the lungs, and commenced the study of medicine. 
He attended medical lectures at the Harvard Medical School, 
and, in the spring of 1858, was graduated from the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, New York. In 1859-60, he was 
Professor of Anatomy in the Medical College at Worcester. 

He married, in June, 1865, Julia Burnham, of Lowell, the 
daughter of his instructor. Dr. Walter Burnham. 

His wife, writing in 1878, says that he was appointed Assist- 
ant Surgeon of the Twenty-sixth Mass. V.M., 10 September, 
1861, and as the surgeon (A. P. Hooker, 1851) was obliged 
to be absent, nearly the whole care of the examination of the 
regiment devolved on him. In November of the same year, 
he went to Ship Island with the regiment, and was at New 
Orleans at its capture. 11 July, 1862, he was commissioned 
surgeon of the regiment. He was with Sheridan in his Shen- 
andoah campaign, and after the battle of Cedar Mountain 
came near being captured by Mosby's Guerillas, losing his 
baggage, papers, &c. Much of the time while in the army lie 
acted as Division Surgeon. He was in action at La Fouchc 
Crossing, La., at the second battle of Winchester, Ya., at Fish- 
er's Hill, Cedar Creek, and Middletown. He left the service ( 
in November, 1862. In 1865, he commenced the practice of 
medicine with Dr. Walter Burnham of Lowell, and remained 
with him until his death, by consumption, 22 January, 1868. 



JOHN E. BUBIER. Mil 



JOHN EDWARD BUBIER. 



JOHN EDWARD BUBIER, son of John and Eliza [Can- 
dler] Bubier, was born in Marblehead, Mass., 1 March, 
18-:5. On his father's side he is descended from Christopher 
Bubier, his great-great-grandfather, a French Protestant who 
settled in Marblehead. His grandfather on his mother's 
side, a captain in the merchant service, came from Suffolk 
County in England, and also made Marblehead his residence. 

Bubier left College, 30 August, 1854, and became a book- 
keeper in Boston. For some time, he was a book-keeper in 
the store of S. S. Pierce, and afterwards in a counting-room 
on Portland Street. He has, since that time, been in the life 
insurance business, in the firm of Bubier Brothers, and in the 
book and stationery line, firm of Locke & Bubier. He is now 
engaged with the firm of Bubier & Co., as the Boston Orna- 
mental Iron Works, at 23, Exchange Street, Boston. 

He married Harriet, daughter of Levi and Ruth [Skinner] 
Severance, of Boston, T June, 1864, and now lives at 32 
Walnut Street, Chelsea, Mass. 



168 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



EMILE LEON CARRIERE. 



EMILE LEON CARRIERE, son of Antoine and Emma 
[de Ousel] Carriere, was born in New Orleans, La., 27 
November, 1837. 

He left College, 1 March, 1854. Since that date he has been 
in business in New Orleans, except during the last three years 
of the war, which time he passed in Paris. He was in the 
Orleans Guard in the Confederate service for three months 
in 1862. 

15 October, 1866, he married Eugenie Marie Gerard, of New 
Orleans, and has had seven children. He has travelled for 
three or four years, and is now president of the Citizens' 
Bank, New Orleans, and one of the firm of A. Carriere & Son. 
He is a member of the Boston Club of New Orleans. 



SERENO E. 1). CURRIER. 169 



SERENO EDWARDS DWIGHT CURRIER. 



SERENO EDWARDS DWIGHT CURRIER was born at 
Methuen, Mass., 3 February, 1834. He was the son of 
Nathan and Eunice [Cross] Currier. 

He entered our Class at the beginning of the Sophomore 
year, and left it on account of sickness, June, 1855. For 
nearly two years he was suffering from the effects of his 
disease, and did not recover sufficient strength to engage con- 
tinuously in any pursuit, although he endeavored to keep up 
with the studies pursued by the Class. After his recovery he 
began the study of law. In 1859, he was engaged in teaching 
at Dedham and Hingham, continuing his professional studies 
at the same time. He was admitted to the bar in September, 
1860. 

Currier married Maria Louisa Josephine, daughter of the 
late Colonel Elbridge G. and Abigail H. [Whitney] Perry, of 
Roxbury, 29 December, 1864. 

He has had two children : Annie Josephine, born 9 January, 
1868, died 23 August, 1868; Gertrude Frances, born 11 Feb- 
ruary, 1874, died 5 November, 1879. 

In February, 1861, he resigned the position he had held as 
principal of the West Grammar School in Hingham, and en- 
tered upon the practice of law in Roxbury, Mass. ; in 1864, 
he changed his place of business to Boston, and has continued 
in this employment to this time, with occasional interruptions 
by illness. He lives at No. 2, Cedar Street, Roxbury. 

He has been a member of the Appalachian Club of Boston 



from its organization in 1876. 



22 



170 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



^LEONARD DONHAM. 



LEONARD DONHAM was born in Hebron, Me., 19 June, 
1840. He was the son of Leonard and Olive [Tubbs] 
Donham. 

He left College, on account of illness, in March, 1856, and 
died 25 February following, at the age of sixteen years and 
five months. Dr. Huntington, in his discourse delivered in the 
College Chapel, thus speaks of him: "Up to the time of his 
serious illness, nearly a year ago, he had been a hard student, 
— quiet, shy, irreproachable in his manners, giving no offence, 
amiable in his disposition. Entering College in an uncom- 
monly juvenile state of the mind, with few advantages, his 
duties, doubtless, burdened his body ; but, conscious of the 
sacrifices made for him, and stimulated by his own aspirations, 
he was constantly gaining in scholarship, and had the uniform 
respect, I believe, of his teachers and associates. The fatal 
and painful disorder, which had been slowly developing itself 
in his system for some months before, effectually suspended 
his exercises with the Class at the beginning of the last sum- 
mer ; though for a long time after, and even shortly before his 
death, in the intervals when his sufferings relented, I used to 
notice his text-books by his side. . . . He said, that, if his 
fellow-students could gather round his bed, he should have 
many things to say to them, though he would not venture to 
be their instructor. Only this he must say, — and I cannot 
convey to you the earnestness and solemnity with which, lying 
alone on the margin of the unseen land, he slowly pronounced 



LEONARD DONIIAM. 171 

the words, — 'Not to live for the pleasures and honors that 
belong wholly to this world : that is the great thing, — that is 
the great thing.' " 26 February, the Class held a meeting, and 
passed a series of resolutions, which are to be found in the 
Class Book. The Class, in a body, attended his funeral. 



172 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



WILLIAM NEWHALL EAYES. 



WILLIAM NEWHALL EAYRS was examined for ad- 
mission to the Class in June, 1853, and returned to 
Cambridge in September. He remained but a day or two, and 
then decided not to continue with us. His name appears in 
the catalogue of the first term Freshman. He entered Tufts 
College and took his A.B. there in 1857. For about twenty 
years he kept a private school for boys in Boston. In 1881, 
he was engaged in the high school in Newport, R.I., where 
he now remains. 



EDWAHD A. GODDARD. 173 



EDWARD AUGUSTUS GODDARD. 



EDWARD AUGUSTUS GODDARD, son of George Sum- 
ner and Sarah [Pond] Goddard, was horn in Boston, 
Mass., 4 March, 1832. 

He left College in July, 1855. In September following, he 
took a trip to the West on business as far as Davenport, la. 
He was employed in a hardware store in this place from 
1 October, 1855, to 1 January, 1856 ; then returned to Jamaica 
Plain, Mass., and was for some months engaged in book-keep- 
ing for Fogg, Houghton, & Co., in Pearl Street, Boston. In 
June, 1856, he commenced the manufacture of boots at Ash- 
land, Mass., under the firm name of Leland & Goddard, which 
firm was dissolved in 1857. From 1857 to 1859, he was 
book-keeper at Ashland, Mass. In April, 1860, he removed to 
Xatick, Mass., and there lived till February, 1865. In Sep- 
tember, 1864, he received a license to preach from the Bap- 
tist Church, Natick, Mass., and occupied that pulpit for some 
months. While thus engaged, he received a call, in January, 
1865, to settle as pastor over the Baptist Church at Stamford, 
Vt. He was ordained to the ministry in this place, 28 June, 
1865. 1 October, 1868, he was called to the Baptist Church 
at Huntington, Mass. This pastorate terminated in five years, 
1 October, 1873, when, for a period of seven months, he lived 
at Newton, Mass., engaging as pulpit supply in various places. 
He was then invited to Palmer, Mass., labored here from 
April, 1874, to May, 1877, and resigned to become the pastor 
at Northboro', Mass. lie resigned at this [dace in October, 



174 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

1878, on account of failing health, and, since that time, has 
been able to do service occasionally on the Sabbath in his 
present place of residence, Westboro', Mass., and elsewhere, 
but not to assume the oversight of any church. 

He was married, 3 December, 1856, to Helen Maria, daugh- 
ter of George and Sarah F. Leonard of West Roxbury, Mass. 

He has six children : Sarah Louise, born 9 September, 1857 ; 
George Louis, born 16 March, I860: Susie March, born 31 May, 
1865; Edward Augustus, born 5 February, 1869; Helen Eliza- 
beth, born 15 January, 1872; William Leonard, born 12 May, 
1875. 



WALTER S. HUNTER. ' 175 



*WALTER SMITH HUNTER, 



\T SALTER SMITH HUNTER, son of William and Sally 
* ■ Hoffman [Smith] Hunter, was born in Georgetown, 
D.C., 2 December, 1836. 

He left College, 1 June, 1857. He was engaged for a time 
in one of the departments at Washington, D.C. ; and afterward 
obtained a situation as secretary to Captain Totten of the 
United-States Navy. He sailed in November, 1857, in that- 
capacity, for a two years' cruise on the coast of Africa, in the 
ship of war " St. Mary." On his return he delivered lectures, 
taking for his subject The Islands and Shore of Africa, which 
were quite successful. He entered the State Department at 
Washington early in the war, and died of consumption, 23 
September, 1863. 



176 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*ALONZO DOGGETT JACKSON. 



ALONZO DOGGETT JACKSON, left College, 1 March, 
1855. He was the son of Samuel Jackson, and lived 
in Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
He died 11 December, 1875. 



WILLIAM C. LITTLE. 177 



WILLIAM gOFFIN LITTLE. 



WILLIAM COFFIN LITTLE, son of William Coffin and 
Charlotte Augusta [Wood] Little, was born in Hono- 
lulu, Hawaiian Islands, 17 June, 1836. 

He left College, 1 March, 1854, and sailed from New York 
for San Francisco, Cal., 5 July, 1854. Shortly after his ar- 
rival, he entered the store of Le Count & Strong, stationers, 
as clerk. He remained there but a few months, and entered 
the banking house of Lucas, Turner, & Co., at the head of 
which was William T. Sherman, now of the United-States 
Army. He remained in this employment until 1858, when he 
engaged in a similar position with Parrott &-Co. 

In December, 1864, he married Sarah P., daughter of Joseph 
Watkins, of Morristown, N.J. In 1866, he moved to Oakland 
as a place of residence. 

In 1869, he formed a partnership in the lumber business in 
Oakland, under the firm name of Taylor & Co., in which he is 
still interested. During his residence in Oakland he served a 
short time as City Councilman, has twice been offered the 
nomination of mayor of the city, but has declined public 
offices. 

He has five children: Helen Watkins, born 8 June, 186(> ; 
William Hooper, born 29 April, 1868 ; Joseph Moss, born 21 
July, 1871 ; Caroline Halsted, born 9 June, 1873 ; Weare 
Coffin, born 25 November, 1878. 

Little has taken a lively interest in the National Guard, and 
has been an active member for over seventeen years ; he was 



178 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

commissioned as captain of company B, First California In- 
fantry, August, 1862; major, October, 1866; and lieutenant- 
colonel, March, 1868. In 1877, he organized and largely aided 
in the equipment of the Oakland Light Cavalry, and served as 
its captain from the date of its organization to January, 1882, 
when he was placed on the retired list. He is a member of the 
order A.O.U.W., and of the Harvard Club of San Francisco. 
He concludes his letter to the Secretary by saying, Nomine, 
seel non statura, Parvus. 



CHARLES J. MACBETH. 179 



*CHARLES JOHNSTONE MACBETH. 



CHARLES JOHNSTONE MACBETH entered the Class 
in September, 1855, and left at the end of the year. 
Stackpole, writing from Fortress Monroe in June, 1864, says, 
Macbeth was first lieutenant of a company in the Twenty- 
seventh South-Carolina Volunteers, in the Confederate service. 
He practised law at one time with Mr. Henry Buist of Charles- 
ton, S.C., and afterward was engaged in planting at St. John's 
Parish, near Charleston. 

He married, in 1875, Mrs. Rene Ravenel. 

He died suddenly in April, 1880. 



180 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*JOHN DEXTER PORTER, 



JOHN DEXTER PORTER, son of Noah and Abigail [Cum- 
mings] Porter, was born in New Salem, Mass., 11 August, 
1835. 

He was fitted for College at Phillips Exeter (N.H.) Acad- 
emy, and was examined and passed for admission to our Soph- 
omore Class. During the vacation he was prostrated by an 
attack of pulmonary hemorrhage, and was unable to return to 
Cambridge. He went to Illinois, lived on a farm, and there 
passed the remaining years of his life. 

He married Angelina Dorris, and had two children : 
Minnie 0., born 4 August, 1862, and Anna B., born 20 
October, 1864. Both children arc married, and each has 
hud one child. 

He died of consumption, 6 June, 1867, and is buried at 
Pennington's Point, McDonough County, 111. 



JOHN T. KI1KTT. 181 



JOHN TAYLOR RHETT. 



JOHN TAYLOR RHETT, son of Hon. Albert and Sarah 
Cantiy [Taylor] Rhett, was born in Beaufort, S.C., 23 
October, 1836. 

His mother was the daughter of John Taylor, Governor of 
South Carolina in 1820, and a United-States Senator before that 
time, and the grand-daughter of a distinguished Revolutionary 
soldier, the second in command of General Sumter's force. He 
is a nephew of Hon. R. Barnwell Rhett (1849). Barnwell 
Rhett was a member of Congress, United-States and Con- 
federate-States Senator, president of the South Carolina Col- 
lege before the war, and of the South Carolina University since 
the war, up to its reconstruction in 1874. In December, 1853, 
he matriculated in the South Carolina College as a member of 
the Sophomore class. He then came to Cambridge, and. after 
spending two terms here, left 17 April, 1855, and re-entered 
his old class in Columbia. Early in 1856, he sailed for Europe, 
where he spent four years in study and travel. After master- 
ing the German language, he entered as a student in the Uni- 
versity of Gottingen. After spending one semester there, he 
entered the University of Heidelberg, and afterwards matricu- 
lated in the University of Berlin. He then went to France 
and entered the University at Paris. In the fall of 1859, 
Rhett returned to South Carolina and began reading law in the 
office of General Maxcy Gregg, at Columbia. He was admitted 
to the bar in December, 1860, and to the equity practice in 
May, 1861. In June, 1861, he entered the service of the Con- 



182 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

federate States. as a private trooper in the Congaree Troop, 
which was attached to the Hampton Legion. He was pro- 
moted to the rank of second lieutenant, in which capacity he 
served till the close of the war. 

After the termination of the war, Rhett went to Abbeville, 
S.C., and remained in that count) 7 till 1866, when he returned 
to Columbia and resumed the practice of his profession. In 
1867, he was appointed solicitor of Judge Green's district. 
He filled the office of city attorney in 1869. He is now the 
Mayor of the city of Columbia. A correspondent of a Colum- 
bia paper states that " he possesses fine administrative ability, 
an accurate acquaintance with parliamentary usages, admi- 
rable business qualifications, and will give the city a strong 
administration, dealing out justice to all, irrespective of party, 
race, or condition." 

Rhett has been twice married : first, 2 March, 1869, to Han- 
nah Cheves McCord, of Columbia, S.C., daughter of a lawyer of 
some distinction, and a grand-daughter of Judge Cheves, a 
former Speaker of the United-States House of Representatives. 
She died 26 November, 1872, and left two daughters : Hannah 
McCord, born 28 February, 1871 ; Sarah Taylor, born 14 Octo- 
ber, 1872. He was married a second time, 7 November, 1877, 
to Emily Home Barnwell, of Columbia, S.C., his own kins- 
woman and a daughter of Robert W. Barnwell (1821). By his 
second wife he has two children: Eliza Barnwell, born 27 
August, 1878 ; Albert, born 3 October, 1879. 



JAMES S. ROBY. 183 



*JAMES SULLIVAN ROBY. 



JAMES SULLIVAN ROBY left College, 18 January, 
1854. 
He died 25 December, 1870, at the age of thirty-four, leaving 
a widow and child. The child afterwards died. 

The family of Roby (or Robie) at his native place (Exeter, 
N.H.) is extinct, and uo farther trace can be obtained. 



184 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



EDMUND ROWLAND. 



EDMUND ROWLAND, son of Edmund and Sophia [Frost] 
Rowland, was born at Springfield, Mass., 24 May, 1835. 
His family is of Welsh origin, embracing on his father's side a 
line of Presbyterian clergymen in Connecticut ; on his mater- 
nal side he is a grandson of Dr. George Frost, who died in 
Springfield, in 1882. 

He left College on account of ill health at the end of the 
Freshman year. After a year in the South, Rowland com- 
menced a course of study at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., 
and graduated there in 1857. He entered the ministry of the 
Episcopal Church in 1860; had several parishes, spent a year 
in Europe, and was rector of Grace Church, New Bedford, 
Mass., for nine years ; he was called to Calvary Church, Clif- 
ton, Cincinnati, 0., in 1878, and remains there at this time. 

Rowland married Sophia M., daughter of Thomas Belknap, 
of Hartford, Conn., 10 October, 18.60, and has two children : 
Elsie, born 10 February, 1863, and Ethel, born 30 December, 
1865. He received the degree of D.D. from Kenyon College 
in 1882. 



HORACE N. STEVENS. 185 



♦HORACE NATHANIEL STEVENS. 



HORACE NATHANIEL STEVENS. He was the son 
of Captain Nathaniel and Harriet [Hale] Stevens, of 
North Andover, and was born in that town, 14 December, 
1837. 

He entered the Class of 1857 in the Sophomore year, and 
remained only one term ; his father needed his services at 
home. He left College, 1 March, 1855, and became a manu- 
facturer at North Andover, Mass., and at Franklin Falls, 
N.H. 

Stevens married Susan E., daughter of John and Susan 
[Thompson] Peters, 29 January, I860. 

He had the following children : William 0., born 19 August, 
1864; Kate H, born 13 December, 1865; John P., born 2 Feb- 
ruary, 1868; Fannie H, born 22 April, 1869; Sue P., born 23 
August, 1871 ; Horace N., born 23 August, 1871, and died 
25 August, 1871. His wife died 14 September, 1871. He 
married for his second wife, 27 March, 1873, Anna M., daugh- 
ter of Joseph H. and Laura M. [Wild] Phipps. A son, Horace 
N., was born 3 August, 1874. 

Stevens died at North Andover, Mass., 1 May, 1876. 



24 



18C THE CLASS OF 1857. 



*GEORGE BYRON WARE. 



GEORGE BYRON WARE Was born in Lowell, Vt., 
25 November, 1834. He was the son of John Spurr 
and Fanny Vincent [Cole] Ware. 

After leaving College, 15 May, 1855, he devoted himself to 
the profession of music, and gave great promise of excellence, 
both as a performer on the piano and as a composer. 

He married, 2 September, 1856, Gustina, daughter of Clark 
Bennett, of Somerville, Mass. His health rapidly failed, and 
he died of consumption, 27 September, 1859. He left one son, 
George Henry, who died 5 March, 1864. Mrs. Ware afterward 
married Charles E. Hall, a dealer and worker in marble, in 
Boston, Mass. 



MEMORIALS OF COLLEGE LIFE. 



THE CLASS AS UNDERGRADUATES. 



[Reprinted from the Annual Catalogues.] 



FRESHMEN. 



NAMES. 

Alston, John Julius Pringle, 
Bacon, Grenville, 
Barnard, George Middleton, 
Bartlett, Frank, 
Bell, Samuel John, 
Blake, Stanton, 
Bradt, James Gerritt, 
Brooks, Shepherd, 
Brown, Francis Henry, 
Bubier, John Edward, 
Bullard, William Reed, 
Carriere, Emile Leon, 
Clark, Joseph Horace, 
Damon, Edward Thomas, 
Dearborn, John Langdon, 
Don ham, Leonard, 
Dorr, Samuel, 
1) wight, Howard, 
Eayrs, William N., 
Elliott, William Henry, 
Fisher, Aron Estey, 
Fisher, Horace Newton, 
Flagg, John Lamson, 
Folsom, George McKean, 
Forster, George Henry, 
Goddard, Edward Augustus, 
Goldsmith, William Gleason, 
Gorely, Charles Percival, 
Grover, Edwin, 
Hale. Joseph Augustine, 



RESIDENCE. 

Charleston, S.C., 

Roxlmry, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Somerville, 

Boston, 

Lowell, 

Medford, 

Boston, 

Cambridge, 

< 'ambridge, 

New Orleans, La., 

Cambridge, 

Wayland, 

Exeter, X.I/., 

Cambridge, 

Boston, 

Brookline, 

Needhani, 

Savannah, Ca., 

Roxburg, 

Brookline, 

Troy,N.Y., 

Cambridge, 

Charlestown, 

Jamaica J 'lain, 

Andocer, 

Boston, 

Lawrence, 

Boston, 



ROOMS. 

Mr. L. F. Cone's. 

Rev. J. A. Kendall's. 

Misses Upham's. 

H'y 18. 

S. 3. 

Mrs. Jenkins's. 

Mr. T. J. White's. 

Mrs. Jenkins's. 

Mrs. H. B. Chapman's. 

S. 4. 

Rev. A. Bullard's. 

Mr. C. Rice's. 

Mr. E. P. Clark's. 

Mr. J. Tuttle's. 

H. 20. 

Mr. L. Donham's. 

Prof. Guyot's. 

H'y 9. 

Needliam. 

Dr. Plympton's. 

H. 5. " 

Mr. J. Tuttle's. 

Mr. Buckingham's. 

S. 4. 

Dr. Plympton's. 

S. 30. 

Mrs. Harris's. 

II. 4. 

Mrs. Harris's. 

H. 3. 



190 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Haven, Franklin, 
Hayes, Augustus Allen, . 
Higginson, James Jackson, 
Hodges, Thorndike Deland, 
Hollingswortli, George, 
Holt, Jacob Farnum, 
Hood, George Abbott, 
Horton, Charles Paine, 
Hunter, Walter Smitli, 
Jackson, Alonzo Doggett, 
Little, William Coffin, 
Long, John Davis, 
Lowell, Abram Leland, 
May, Joseph, 
Morse, Robert McNeil, 
Newell, Samuel, 
O'Connell, Patrick Aloysius, 
Parkman, Samuel Breck, 
Perkins, James Amory, 
Ranlett, David Dodge, 
Richards, Eben, 
Roby, James Sullivan, 
Ropes, Francis Codman, 
Ropes, John Codman, 
Rowland, Edmund Frost, 
Rankle, Jacob Gebhard, 
Searle, George, 
Smith, Robert Dickson, 
Sowdon, Arthur John Clark. 
Stackpole, Lewis, 
Starr, James, 
Stone, Livingston, 
Storrow, James Jackson, 
Walcott, Charles Folsom, 
Ware, George Byron, 
Welles, Henry Coit, 
Wells, Samuel, 
Whitman, Allen, 
Whitman, George Luther, 
Whittemore, George, 
Willard, Josiah Newell, 
Wood, Horatio, 



Boston, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Salem, 

West Cambridge, 
Greenfield, N.H., 
Lynn, 
Boston, 

( ,, orgetown, D.C., 
Jamaica Plain, 
Honolulu, S.I., 
Buckfield, Me., 
Chester, Vt., 
Syracuse, X. Y., 
.Jamaica Plain, 
West Newbury, 
Boston, 

Sarannah, Ga., 
Boston, 
Charlestown, 
St. Louis, Mo., 
Exeter, N.H., 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Springfield, 
Carlisle, N.Y , 
Brookline, 

< 'ambridge, 
i 'ambridge, 
Dedham, 

Philadelphia, Pa., 
Cambridge, 
Lawrence, 
Salem, 

Souk rriih , 

< 'ambridge, 
Portland, 

East Bridgewater, 

Cambridge, 

Gloucester, 

Boston, 

Lowell, 



Rev. C. A. Farley's. 
H'y 18. 

Mr. O. Danforth's. 
H'y 1. 

Mr. T. J. White's. 
S. 1. 

Mrs. Harris's. 
11.4. 
II. 10. 

Mr. R. Richardson's. 
Harvard Block. 
Mr. L. Dunham's. 
Dr. W. E. Wright's. 
M. 0. 

Mr. L. Thurston's. 
D. IT 
S. 17. 

Mrs. A. F. Gardner's. 
Dr. Foster's. 
D. 6. 

Mr. E. Richards's. 
D. 4. 

Mrs. L. G. F. Wells's. 
Mrs. L. G. F. Wells's. 
Mrs. Harris's. 
S. :). 
II. 17. 

Mr. J. D. Smith's. 
. Mrs. C. H. Sowdon's. 
H'y 9. 
II. 19. 

Mr. P. R. L. Stone's. 
Mrs. Humphrey's. 
H'y 1. 

Mrs. A. F. Gardner's. 
Mrs. M. Welles'-. 
Mrs. Humphrey's. 
Mr. E. Francis's. 
Mr. E. P. Whitman's 
.Mrs. Humphrey's. 
H. 3. 
Mrs. Stickney's 



SOPHOMORES. 



191 



SOPHOMORES. 



\ VMES. 


RESIDKNCE. 


ROOMS. 


Alston, John Julius Pringle, 


Charleston, S.C., 


Mr. J. A. Belcher's. 


Bacon, Grenville, 


Roxbury, 


H. 31. 


Barnard, George Middleton, 


Boston, 


M. 6. 


Bartlett, Francis, 


Boston, 


H. 29. 


Blake, Stanton, 


Boston, 


Mrs. M. J. Jenkins's. 


Bradt, James Gerritt, 


Lowell, 


Mr. T. J. White's. 


Brooks, Shepherd, 


Boston, 


Mrs. M. J. Jenkins's. 


Brown, Francis Henry, 


Boston, 


Mrs. H. B. Chapman's 


Bullard, William Reed, 


Cambridge, 


Rev. A. Bullard's. 


Clark, Joseph Horace, 


Cambridge, 


Mr. E. P. Clark's. 


Converse, John Holmes, 


Baltimore, Md., 


Mrs. A. C. Fairbank's 


Currier, Sereno Edwards Dwight, 


Roxbury, 


M. 30. 


Damon, Edward Thomas, 


Wayland, 


Mr J. Tuttle's. 


Dearborn, John Langdon, 


Exeter, N.H., . 


S. 10. 


De Saulles, Henry Longer, 


New Orleans, La., 


H. 30. 


Donham, Leonard, 


< 'ambridge, 


Mr. L. Donham's. 


Dwight, Howard, 


Brookline, 


S. 16. 


Elliott, William Henry, 


Savannah, Ga., 


Dr. S. Plympton's. 


Fisher, Aron Estey, 


Roxbury, 


S. 20. 


Fisher, Horace Newton, 


Brookline, 


Mr. J. Tuttle's. 


Flagg, John Lamson, 


Troii, N.Y., 


Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 


Folsom, George McKean, 


I 'ambridge, 


Mr. C. Folsom's. 


Forster, George Henry, 


I 'Imiiestown, 


H. 13. 


French, Francis Ormond, 


Washington, D.C., 


H. 16. 


Goddard, Edward Augustus, 


Jamaica Plain, 


M. 14. 


Goldsmith, William Gleason, 


A in lover, 


Mrs. A. H. Harris's. 


Gorely, Charles Percival, 


Boston, 


M. 32. 


Gorham, George, 


Canandaigua, N. Y. 


, H. 10. 


Grover, Edwin, 


Lawrence, 


H. 27. 


Hale, Joseph Augustine, 


Boston, 


S. 13. 


Haven, Franklin, 


Boston, 


Dr. S. Plympton's. 


Hayes, Augustus Allen, 


Boston, 


H. 29. 


Higginson, James Jackson, 


Boston, 


Mr. 0. Danforth's. 


Hodges, Thorndike Deland, 


Salem, 


11. 21. 


Hollingsworth, George, 


West Qambridgt , 


Mr. T. J. White's. 


Holt, Jacob Farnum, 


Greenfield, N.H., 


S. IS. 


Hood, George Abbott, 


Lynn, 


Mr. J. H. Littlefield's 



192 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Horton, Charles Paine, 
Hunter, Walter Smith, 
Jackson, Alonzo Doggett, 
Lincoln, Solomon, 
Long, John Davis, 
Lowell, Abram Leland, 
Mapes, Charles Victor, 
May, Joseph, 
Morse, Robert McNeil, 
Newell, Samuel, 
O'Connell, Patrick Aloysius, 
Parkman, Samuel Breck, 
Perkins, James Amory, 
Porter, John Dexter, 
Ranlett, David Dodge, 
Rhett, John Taylor, 
Richards, Eben, 
Ropes, Francis Codman, 
Ropes, John Codman, 
Rowland, Edmund Frost, 
Runkle, Jacob Gebhard, 
Searle, George, 
Smith, Robert Dickson, 
Sowdon, Arthur John Clark, 
Stackpole, Lewis, 
Starr, James, 
Stevens, Henry James, 
Stevens, Horace Nathaniel, 
Stone, Livingston, 
Storrow, James Jackson, 
"Walcott, Charles Folsoni, 
Ware, George Byron, 
Welles, Henry Coit, 
Wells, Samuel, 
Whitman, Allen, 
Whitman, George Luther, 
Whittemore, George, 
Willard, Josiah Newell, 
Wood, Horatio, 



Boston , 

Georgetown, D.C., 
Jamaica Plain, 
Hingham, 
Buckjield, Me., 
Chester, 11, 
Newark, N.J., 
Syracuse, N.Y., 
Jamaica Plain, 
West Newbury, 
Boston, 

Savannah, Ga., 
Boston, 
New Salem, 
Charleston-)), 
Columbia, S.C., 
St. Louis, Mo., 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Springfield, 
Carlisle, N Y., 
Brookline, 
Cambridge, 
Cambridge, 
Dedham, 

Philadelphia, Pa., 
North Andover, 
North Andover, 
Cambridge , 
Lawrence, 
Salem, 
Somerville, 
Cambridge, 
Portland, Me., 
East Bridgeuati r, 
Cambridge, 
Gloucester, 
Boston, 
Lowell, 



Harvard Block. 

S. 19. 

Mr. R. Richardson's. 

Mrs. P. Blake's. 

Dr. W. E. Wright's. 

Dr. W. E. Wright's. 

S. 30. 

M. 29. 

S. 14. 

H. 12. 

S. 18. 

Mrs. A. F. Gardner's. 

S. 14. 

New Salem. 

H. 13. 

M. 16. 

Mr. E. Richards's. 

Rev. J. A. Kendall's. 

Rev. J. A. Kendall's. 

Mrs. A. H. Harris's. 

S.8. 

H. 32. 

Mr. J. DeW. Smith's. 

Mrs. C. H. Sowdon's. 

S. 8. 

S. 19. 

Mrs. A. H. Harris's. 

Mr. R. Torry's. 

Mr. P. R. L. Stone's. 

Harvard Block. 

H'y 24. 

Mrs. A. F. Gardner's. 

Mrs. M. Welles's. 

Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 

H. 12. 

M. 6. 

Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 

S. 13. 

Mrs. L. Stickney's. 



JUNIOIIS. 



L93 



JUNIORS. 



\ IMES. 

Alston, John Julius Pringle, 
Bacon, < Irenville, 
Bartlett, Francis, ■ 
Blake, Stanton, 
Bradt, James Gerritt, 
Brooks, Shepherd, 
Brown, Francis Henry, 
Bullard, William Reed, 
Clark, Joseph Horace, 
Converse, John Holmes, 
Damon, Edward Thomas, 
Dearborn, John Langdon, 
De Saulles, Henry Longer, 
Don ham, Leonard, 
I >orr, Samuel, 
Dwight, Howard, 
Dyer, Ezra, 

Elliott, William Henry, 
Fisher, Aron Estey, 
Fisher, Horace Newton, 
Elagg, John Lamson, 
Folsom, George McKean, 
Forster, George Henry, 
French, Francis Ormond, 
Goldsmith, William Gleason, 
Gorely, Charles Percival, 
Gorham, George, 
Grover, Edwin, 
Hale, Joseph Augustine, 
Haven, Franklin, 
Hayes, Augustus Allen, 
Higginson, James Jackson, 
Hodges, Thorndike Deland, 
Hollingsworth, George, 
Holt, Jacob Farnum, 
Hood, George Abbott, 
Horton, Charles Paine, 
Hunter, Walter Smith, 



RESIDENCE. 

' 'harleslon, S.C., 
Roxbury, 

Boston, 
Boston , 
Lowell, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Cambridge, 
Cambridge, 
Baltimore, Md., 
Wayland, 
Exeter, N.H., 
New York, NY., 
Cambridge, 
Boston, 
Brookline, 
Cambridge, 
Savannah, Ga., 
Roxbury, 
Brookline, 
Troy,N.Y., 
( 'ambridge, 
Chartt stown, 
Washington, D.C., 
Am/over, 
Boston, 

< 'anandaigua, N.Y., 
Lawrence, 
Boston , 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Bos/ on, 
Salem, 

West Cambridge, 
Greenfield, N.I I., 
Lynn, 
Huston, 

Georgetown, D.C., 
25 



ROOMS. 

II 'y 22. 

H'y 7. 

Mrs. S. Howe's 

Mrs. A. H. Harris's. 

Mr. R. Andrews's. 

Mr. S. B. Withey's. 

Mrs. H. B. Chapman's. 

Rev. A. Bullard's. 

Mr. E. P. Clark's. 

H. 9. 

Mr. J. Tuttle's. 

S. 27. 

H. 5. 

Mr. L. Donham's. 

Mr. R. Andrews's. 

S. 27. 

Mr. E. C. Dyer's. 

Dr. S. Plympton's. 

H. 5. 

Mr. J. Tuttle's. 

Mr. S. B. Withey's. 

H'y 2. 

H. 13. 

M. 11. 

M. 7. 

S. 5. 

M. 11. 

H. 27. 

H. 29. 

S. 5. 

S. 14. 

Mr. 0. Danforth's. 

11.21. 

S. 26. 

M. 15. 

Rev. C. A. Farley's. 

Harvard Block. 

S. 20. 



194 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Lincoln, Solomon, 
Long, -John Davis, 
Lowell, Abram Leland, 
Macbeth, Charles Johnstone, 
Mapes, Charles Victor, 
May, Joseph, 
Morse, Robert McNeil, 
Newell, Samuel, 
O'Connell, Patrick Aloysius, 
Parkman, Samuel Breck, 
Perkins, James Amory, 
Ranlett, David Dodge, 
Richards, Eben, 
Ropes, Francis Codman, 
Ropes, John Codman, 
Runkle, Jacob Gebhard, 
Searle, George, 
Smith, Robert Dickson, 
Sowdon, Arthur John Clark, 
Stackpole, Lewis, 
Starr, James, 
Stevens, Henry James, 
Stone, Livingston, 
Storrow, James Jackson, 
Walcott, Charles Folsom, 
Welles, Henry Coir, 
Wells, Samuel, 
Whitman, Allen, 
Whitman, George Luther, 
Whittemore, George, 
Willard, Josiah Newell, 
Wood, Horatio, 



Hingkam, 
Buckfield, Me., 
Chester, I?., 
Charleston, S.C. 
Newark, N.J., 
Syracuse, N.Y., 
Jamaica Plain. 
West N( wbury, 
Boston, 

Savannah, Ga., 
Boston, 
Charleston- a, 
St. Louis, Mo., 
Boston, 
Boston, 

Carlisle, X.Y., 
Brookline, 
Cambridge, 
Cambridge, 
Dedham, 

Philadelphia, Pa., 
North Andover, 
Cambridge, 
Lawrence, 
Salem, 
Cambridge, 
Portland, Me., 
East Bridgt water. 
Cambridge, 
Gloucester, 
Boston, 
Lowell, 



S. 16. 

Mr. L. Donham's. 

S. 20. 

Mr. A. Stcdman's. 

S. 26. 

M. 25. 

S. 9. 

S. 23. 

M. 15. 

H'y 22. 

Mr. S. B. Withey's. 

H. 13. 

Mr. E. Riehards's. 

Rev. J. A. Kendall's. 

Rev. J. A. Kendall's. 

S. 28. 

H. 15. 

Mr. J. DeW. Smiths. 

Mrs C. H. Sowdon's. 

S. 28. 

H. 9. 

S. 6. 

S. 6. 

Harvard Block. 

H. 24. 

Mrs. M. Welles's. 

.Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 

S. 23. 

Mr. E P. Whitman's. 

Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 

H. 21) 

Mrs. L. Stickney's. 



SENIORS. 



195 



SENIORS 



\ v\n:s. 

Alston, John Julius Pringle, 
Bacon, ( rrenvijle, 
Bartlett, Francis, 
Blake, Stanton, 
Brooks, Shepherd, 
Brown, Francis Henry, 
Bullard, William Heed, 
Clark, Joseph Horace, 
Converse, John Holmes, 
Damon, Edward Thomas, 
Dearborn, John Langdon, 
De Saulles, Henry Longer, 
Donham, Leonard, 
Dorr, Samuel, 
1) wight, Howard, 
Dyer, Ezra, 

Elliott, William Henry, 
Fisher, Aron Estey, 
Fisher, Horace Newton, 
Flagg, John Lamson, 
Folsom, George McKean, 
Forster, George Henry, 
French, Francis Orniond, 
Goldsmith, William Gleason, 
Gorely, Charles Percival, 
Gorham, ( Seorge, 
( trover, Edwin, 
Bale, Joseph Augustine, 
Haven, Franklin, 
Hayes, Augustus Allen, 
Higginson, James Jackson, 
Hodges, Thorndike Deland, 
Hollings worth, George, 
Holt, Jacob Farnum, 
Hood, George Abbott, 
Morton, Charles Paine, 
Hunter, Walter Smith, 



RESIDENCE. 

( 'harleston, S.C., 

Hoxbury, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

( 'ambridge, 

Cambridge, 

Baltimore, Md., 

Wayland, 

Exeter, N.H., 

New York, N.Y., 

< 'ambridge, 
Boston, 
BrooMine, 
Cambridge, 
Savannah, Ga., 
Roxbury, 
BrooMine, 
Tro,j,N.Y, 
Cambridge, 

< 'harlestown, 
Washington, D.C., 
Andover, 

I 3oston, 

Canandaigua, N.Y., 
Lawrence, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Boston, 
Salem, 

West Cambridge, 
Greenfield, N.H., 
L'/nn, 
Boston, 
Georgetown, D.C., 



ROOMS. 

H'y 19. 

H'y4. 

Mrs. S. Howe's. 

Mrs. A. H. Harris's. 

H'y 22. 

Mrs. II. B. Chapman's. 

Rev. A. Bullard's. 

H'y 8. 

H'y 13. 

Mrs. J. Tuttle's. 

S. 11. 

M. 25. 

Mr. L. Donham's. 

Plympton's Block. 

S. 11. 

S. 25. 

S. 25. 

H'y 12. 

Mrs. J. Tuttle's. 

Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 
H'y 16. 

H'y 21. 

H'y 15. 

H'y 23. 

Mr. D. S. Buck's. 

H'y 15. 

H. 26. 

H'y 14. 

H'y 22. 

M. 21 

Mr. 0. Danforth's. 

H. 25. 

H'y 24. 

II. 24. 

S. 10. 

Harvard Block. 

S. 8. 



196 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Lincoln, Solomon, 
Long, John Davis, 
Lowell, Abram Leland, 
Mapes, Charles Victor, 
May, Joseph, 
Morse, Robert McNeil, 
Newell, Samuel, 
O'Connell, Patrick Aloysius, 
Parkman, Samuel Breck, 
Perkins, James Amory, 
Ranlett, David Dodge, 
Richards, Eben, 
Ropes, Francis Codman, 
Ropes. John Codman, 
Runkle, Jacob Gebhard, 
Searle, George, 
Smith, Robert Dickson, 
Sowdon, Arthur John Clark, 
Stackpole, Joseph Lewis, 
Starr, James, 
Stevens, Henry James, 
Stone, Livingston, 
Storrow, James Jackson, 
Waleott, Charles Folsom, 
Welles, Henry Coit, 
Wells, Samuel, 
Whitman, Allen, 
Whitman, George Luther, 
Whit tern ore, George, 
Willard, Josiah Newell, 
Wood, Horatio, 



Hingham, 
Brickfield, Me.., 
Chester, Vt, 
Newark, N.J., 
Syracuse, N.Y., 
Jamaica Plain, 
West Newbury, 
Boston , 

Savannah, Ga., 
Boston, 
Charh stown, 
St. Louis, Mo., 
Boston, 
Boston, 

Carlisle, N.Y., 
Brooklim . 
Cambridge, 
( 'a /abridge, 
D< ahum, 

Philadelphia, Pa., 
North Andovt r, 
Cambridge, 
Lairri in < . 

Sllll III, 

Cambridge, 
Portland, Me., 
East Bridgewater, 
< 'ambridi 
Gloucestt r, 
Boston, 
Lowell, 



H'y 16. 

M. 22. 

Dr. W. E. Wright's. 

H'y 24. 

M. 10. 

H'y 7. 

H'y 7. 

H. 21. 

11 V 19. 

Mr. 0. Danforth's. 

H'y 21. 

H'y 4. 

S. 15. 

S. 15. 

H'y 6. 

S. 8. 

Mr. J. DeW. Smith's. 

Mrs. C. II. Sowdou's. 

H'y 6. 

H'y 13. 

H'y 23. 

Mr. P. R. L. Stone's. 

Harvard Block. 

H'y 8. 

Mrs. M. Welles's. 

Mrs. S. Humphrey's. 

H'y 12. 

Mr. E. P. Whitman's. 

H. 25. 

H'y 14. 

Mrs. L. Stickney's. 



THE EXHIBITIONS. 



(Only the parts assigned to members of the Class of 1857 are 
given; the remainder, corresponding to the missing numbers, were 
spoken by members of other classes.) 



ORDER OF PERFORMANCES 

FOR EXHIBITION, 

Tuesday, October 16, 1855. 

2. An English Version. From Lamartine's " Histoire des Giron- 
dins," L, 61. 17. 

JOSEPH HORACE CLARK, Camhridye. 

4. A Greek Dialogue. From " Naval Engagements." 

GEORGE SEARLE, BrooMine. 
ROBERT McNEIL MORSE, Jamaica Plain. 

7. An English Version. Cicero against Verres. " De Signis." 

JOHN CODMAN ROPES, Boston. 

8. A Greek Version. From " Samson Agonistes." 

GEORGE HENRY FORSTER, Charlestown. 

LO. An English Version. From Lamartine's "Histoire des Giron- 
dins," L. 56. 20. 

LEWIS STACKPOLE, Dedham. 

12. An English Version. Turenne and Condi'. From Bossuet, 
■• Oraisons Funebres." 

WILLIAM GLEASON GOLDSMITH, Andover. 



198 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

14. A Latin Version. From Burke's " Speech on the Nabob of 
Arcot's Debts." 

JOHN HOLMES CONVERSE, Baltimore, Md. 

1G. A Greek Version. From "Kossuth's Appeal to the Hunga- 
rians." 

JOSEPH AUGUSTINE HALE, Boston. 

18. A Latin Dialogue. From Allingbam's "Weathercock." 

SOLOMON LINCOLN, Hingham. 
JAMES AMORY PERKINS, Boston. 

19. A Latin Version. From a Speech of Mr. Seward. 

JOSEPH MAY, Syracuse, N.Y. 



THE INHIBITIONS. 199 



ORDER OF PERFORMANCES 
FOR EXHIBITION, 

Tuesday, May G, 185G. 

2. An English Version. From Schiller. "The Spanish Inqui- 

sition." 

FRANKLIN HAVEN, Boston. 

3. A Greek Version. From a Speech of Lord Palmerston on the 

Capture of Sebastopol. 

HENRY JAMES STEVENS, North Andover. 

4. An English Version. From Lessing's Dramatic Criticisms. 

AUGUSTUS ALLEN HAYES, Boston. 

7. An English Version. From Lamartine. Portrait of Robespierre. 

GEORGE ABBOTT HOOD, Lynn. 

8. A Greek Dialogue. From " Poor Pillicoddy." 

SAMUEL WELLS, Portland, Me. 
HOWARD D WIGHT, Brookline. 

11. An English Version. From a Speech of Emilio Castelar of 

Madrid. 

EDWIN GROVER, Lawrence. 

12. A Greek Version. From Everett's Phi Beta Kappa Oration at 

Yale. 

HORATIO WOOD, Lowell. 

15. An English Version. From Gfrvinus. k ' Shakespeare's Women." 

JOHN DAVIS LUNG, Buckfield, Me. 

16. A Latin Version. From Burke's "Speech in the Impeachment 

of Warren Hastings." 

FRANCIS CODMAN ROPES, Boston. 

19. An English Version. From Milton's " Defensio Secunda." 

EDWARD TPIOMAS DAMON, Wayland. 

20. A Latin Dialogue. From " Julius Caesar." 

ROBERT DICKSON SMITH, Cambridge. 
CHARLES FOLSOM WALCOTT, Salem. 



200 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



ORDER OF PERFORMANCES 

FOR EXHIBITION. 

Tuesday, October 21, 1856. 

1. A Latin Oration. 

JOHN HOLMES CONVERSE, Baltimore, Md. 

2. A Disquisition. " The Coast Survey." 

AUGUSTUS ALLEN HAYES, Boston. 

5. A Dissertation. "The Franks in Constantinople." 

WILLIAM GLEASON GOLDSMITH, Andover. 

6. A Disquisition. " Sir Fowell Buxton." 

GEORGE ABBOTT HOOD, Lynn. 

9. A Dissertation. " John Buss." 

EDWARD THOMAS DAMON, Wayland. 

10. A Disquisition. " Laurence Sterne." 

CHARLES FOLSOM WALCOTT, Salem. 

] 4. A Dissertation. " The Literary Character of James the First." 

JAMES AMORY PERKINS, Boston. 

15. A Disquisition. " xEschines as an Orator." 

SAMUEL WELLS, Portland, Me. 

IS. A Disquisition. '' Johnson in the Hebrides." 

JOHN CODMAN ROPES, Boston. 

19. A Dissertation. " Sir Henry Vane in England." 

JOSEPH LEWIS STACKPOLE, Dedkam. 

'22. A Dissertation. " Opinions Entertained of the. Germans by the 

Romans of the Empire." 

ROBERT DICKSON SMITH, Cambridge. 

•_'.;. An English Oration. " Abstract Scholarship." 

JOSEPH MAY, Syracuse, N.Y. - 



THE KXIIIIilTIONS. 201 



ORDER OF PERFORMANCES 

FOR EXHIBITION, 

Tuesday, May 5, 1857. 

1. A Latin Oration. " De Panegyrico Isocratis." 

ROBERT McNEIL MORSE, Jamaica Plain. 

2. A Disquisition. " The Insanity of Nations." 

FRANKLIN HAVEN, Boston. 

4. A Dissertation. " Simon de Montfort and the English Barons." 

JOSEPH HORACE CLARK, " Cambridge. 

5. A Disquisition. " The Prince " of Machiavel. 

LIVINGSTON STONE, Cambridge. 

8. A Dissertation. "Victor Hugo, — Poet, Novelist, and Politician." 

GEORGE SEARLE, Brookiine. 

10. A Disquisition. " Hohbes as a Mathematician." 

THORNOIKE DELANO HODGES, Salem. 

13. A Dissertation. " Cowper and Young compared as Religious 

Poets." 

JOHN DAVIS LONG, Buclcjield, Me. 

14. A Disquisition. "The Present Condition of Naples." 

EDWIN GROVER, Lawrence. 

17. A Dissertation. " The Father of Horace." 

JOSEPH AUGUSTINE HALE, Boston. 

18. A Disquisition. "The Passion for Applause inconsistent with 

True Public Spirit." 

GEORGE WHITTEMORE, Gloucester. 

22. A Dissertation. "The Character of Hercules in the Greek 
Drama." 

GEORGE HENRY FORSTER, Charlestown . 

2'j. An English Oration. "Toleration as Understood by the Pil- 
grims." 

SOLOMON LINCOLN, Hingham. 
26 



202 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



PRIZES. 



BOYLSTON PRIZE FOR ELOCUTION. 

19 July, 1855. 

Morse, First. Fisher, H. N., Second. 

17 Jult, 1856. 
Morse, First. Fisher, H. N., Second. 

BOWDOIN PRIZE FOR DISSERTATIONS. 

October, 1850. 

Storrow, First. AYhittemore, Second. 

4 June, 1857. 
Wliittemore, First. Storrow, Second. 

FOR LATIN VERSIFICATION. 
Stackpole. Whitman, A. 

FOR GREEK PROSE. 
Fisher, H. N. 

BOYDEN MATHEMATICAL PRIZE. 
Searle, Second. 



CLASS OFFICERS. 203 



CLASS OFFICERS 

Ciioskn at Stated Class Meetings in March, 1857. 

Orator for Glass Day. 

Joseph May. 
May was prevented from acting as Orator on account of illness, ami, in his 
place, the Class chose 

James Jackson Storrow. 

Poet for Class Day. 
Francis Ormond French. 

Class Day Committee. 

Joseph Lewis Stackpole. 
Ezra Dyer. 
Howard D wight. 

Chaplain for Class Day. 
James Starr. 

Odist for Class Day. 
John Davis Long. 

Class Secretary. 

George McKean Folsom. 
Tlie office of Class Secretary was vacated by Folsom's death in 1882, and 
he was succeeded by 

Francis Henry Brown. 

Class Committee. 
Robert McNeil Morse. 
Francis Bartlett. 

Chief Marshals for Class Day and Commencement. 

Samuel Breck Parkman. 
John Langdon Dearborn. 



201 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



ORDER OF EXERCISES FOR CLASS DAY, 



FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1857. 



I. MUSIC. 
II. PRAYER, 

BY THE REV. DR. HUNTINGTON. 

III. ORATION, 

BY JAMES JACKSON STORROW, OF LAWRENCE, MASS. 

IV. MUSIC. 

V. POEM. 

BY FRANCIS ORMOND FRENCH, OF WASHINGTON, D.C. 

VI. ODE. 

BY JOHN DAVIS LONG, OF BUCKFIELD, ME. 

How bright were the hopes that incited the throng, 

When, wandering in search of the truth, 
We came to the fountain, whose waters so long 

Have nourished the bloom of our youth ; 
How sad are we now, that this time-hallowed spot 

Shall echo our voices no more ; 
Behind us, the past with sweet memories fraught ; 

The future, uucertain, before. 



EXERCISES FOR CLASS DAY. 205 

How dearer than ever become to the heart 

Kacli tree and each consecrate hall, 
That now from their shelter we turn to depart, 

And are bidding adieu to them all ! 
And the memory of lost ones shall serve to unite 

More closely the hearts that remain. 
When we pledge to each other, dispersing to-night, 

An affection that never shall wane. 

The world with its hazards, its turmoil, and strife 

Calls us now from these scenes of repose, 
And sterner and stormier phases of life 

The future begins to unclose. 
And we boldly press forward with aims that are high, 

And honor enshrined in each breast, 
Though at parting a tear is bedimming the eye, 

And a sigh of regret half suppressed. 

As now, in our turn, to the battle we rush, 

And youth's careless moments are gone, 
May the cheek of our mother ne'er burn with a blush 

For the shame of one dastardly son. 
Thus acting our part, be our fate what it may, 

Whether sunshine or darkness betide, 
A tribute, befitting, to thee shall we pay, 

Dear Harvard, — our boast and our pride. 



COMMENCEMENT. 



niustrissimo IIKNRICO-JOSEPIIO GARDNER, ll.d., 

GUBERNATORI, 

Honoratissimo HENRICO-WITHERBEE BENCIILEY, 

VICE- G UBERNA TORI, 

REIPUBLICiE MASSACHUSETTENSIS ; 

C^TERISQUE COLLEGII HARVARDIANI CURATORIBUS 

Honorandis atque Reverendis ; 

JACOBO WALKER, s.t.d.,ll.d, 

PRjESIDI; 

Toti S E N" A T U I Academico; 

Aliisque omnibus, qui in rebus Universitatis administrandis versantur 

VENERANDIS ECCLESIARUM PASSIM PASTORIBUS; 

Universis denique, ubicunque terrarum, Humanitatis Cultoribus, Reique 

Publico; nostra' Literarise Fautoribus; 



208 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



J U VEXES IN ARTIE US INITIATE 



Johannes- Julius-Prinsde Alston 
Grenville Bacon 
Franciscus Bartlett 
Stanton Blake 
ShepherdJBrooks 
Franciscus-Henricus Brown 
Guilielmus-Reed Ballard 
Josephus-Horatius Clark 
Johannes-Holmes Converse 
Edvardus-Thomas Damon 
Johannes-Langdon Dearborn 
Henricus-Longer De-Sanlles 
Samuel Dorr 
Howard Dwight 
Ezra Dyer 

Guilielmus-Henricus Elliott 
Aron-Estey Fisher 
Horatius-Newton Fisher 
Johannes-Lamson Flajrff 
Georgins-McKean Folsom 
Georjjius-Henricus Forster 
Franciscus-Ormond French 
Gnilielmus-Gleason Goldsmith 
Carolus-Percival Gorely 
Georgius Gorham 
Edvinus Grover 
Josephus-Augustinus Hale 
Franklin Haven 
Augustus-Allen Hayes 
Jacobus-Jackson Higginson 
Thorndike-Deland Hodges 
Georgius Hollingsworth 
Jacobus- Farnuui Holt 



Georgius-Abbott Hood 
Carolus-Paine H or ton 
Solomon Lincoln 
Johannes-Davis Long 
Abramus-Leland Lowell 
Carol us- Victor Mapes 
Josephus May 
Robertus-McNeil Morse 
Samuel Newell 
Patricius-Aloysius O'Connell 
Samuel-Breck Parkman 
Jacobus-Amory Perkins 
David-Dodire Ranlett 
Eben Richards 
Franciscus- Codman Ropes 
Johannes-Codmau Ropes 
Jacobus-Gebhard Runkle 
Georgius Searle 
Robertus-Dickson Smith 
Arthurus- Johannes-Clark Sowdon 
Josephus-Ludovicus Stack pole 
Jacobus Starr 
Hen ricus- Jacobus Stevens 
Livingston Stone 
Jacobus- Jackson Storrow 
Carolus- Folsom Walcott 
Henricus-Coit Welles 
Samuel Wells 
Allen Whitman 
Georgius- Lutherus Whitman 
Georgius Whittemore 
Josias-Newell Willard 
Ho rat ins Wood 



HA S CE EXER GIT A 71 OXES 



It u ml Hi m r dedicant. 



COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. 209 



ORDER OF EXERCISES 



FOB 



COMMENCEMEN T, 



XV. JULY, MDCCCLVIL 



1. A Salutatory Oration in Latin. 

JOHN HOLMES CONVERSE, Baltimore, Md. 

2. An Essay. " The German Turners." 

SAMUEL BRECK PARKMAN, Savannah, Ga. 

3. A Dissertation. " The Heroism of Science." 

GEORGE WHITTEMORE, Gloucester. 

4. A Disquisition. " Count Cagliostro." 

HENRY JAMES STEVENS, North Andover. 

5. An Oration. " Sertorius." 

ROBERT DICKSON SMITH, Cambridge. 

MUSIC. 

6. A Disquisition. " Michael Angelo and Raphael compared as 

Men." 

PATRICK ALOYSIUS O'CONNELL, Boston. 

7. An Essay. " Modern Arcadia." 

WILLIAM REED BULLARD, Cambridge. 

8. A Disquisition. " Charlemagne in Romance and in History." 

CHARLES PERCIVAL GORELY, Boston. 

9. A Dissertation. "The Influence of Men of Science and Learning 

on the Popular Opinions of their Day." 

EDWIN GROVER, Lawrence. 

27 



210 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

10. A Greek Oration. "The Golden Age of Persia." 

THORNDIKE DELAND HODGES, Salem. 

11. A Dissertation. "The Golden Ass of Apuleins." 

JOSEPH LEWIS STACKPOLE, Declham. 

MUSIC. 



12. An Essay. " Etruscan Supremacy of the Sea." 

WILLIAM HENRY ELLIOTT, Savannah, Ga. 

13. A Disquisition. " Thackeray and Charlotte Bronte." 

SAMUEL WELLS, Portland, Me. 

14. A Disquisition. "Early Sea Voyages of the Phocseans." 

FRANKLIN HAVEN, Boston. 

15. An Essay. "An Apology for Critics." 

GEORGE McKEAN FOLSOM, Cambridge. 



16. A Dissertation. "The Five Years of Bacon's Life after his 

Disgrace." 

JOHN CODMAN ROPES. Boston. 

MUSIC. 

17. A Dissertation. " The Swiss Confederacy." 

JOSEPH HORACE CLARK, Cambridge. 

18. An Essay. " Aristotle's Method of Discussing Ethical Ques- 



tions." 



HORATIO WOOD, Lowell. 



19. A Disquisition. "The Worship of Diana in the Tauric Cher- 

sonesus." 

JAMES STARR, Philadelphia, Pa. 

20. A Disquisition. " Great Printers." 

LIVINGSTON STONE, Cambridge. 

21. An Oration. " Novels and Life." 

JAMES AMORY PERKINS, Boston. 

MUSIC. 



COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. 211 

22. A Dissertation. "Destiny in the CEdipus Tyrannus and in 

.Macbeth." 

WILLIAM GLEASON GOLDSMITH, Andover. 

23. A Disquisition. " Allston's Landscapes." 

CHARLES FOLSOM WALCOTT, Salem. 

24. An Essay. " The Migration of Nations." 

HORACE NEWTON FISHER, Broohline. 

25. An Oration. "Leibnitz and bis Relations to Newton." 

EDWARD THOMAS DAMON, Wayland. 

26. An Oration. "'The Supernatural in the Older English Drama." 

GEORGE SEARLE, Brookline. 

MUSIC. 

27. A Dissertation. " Identity of the Poetical Traditions of the 

Northern Nations." 

JOSEPH AUGUSTINE HALE, Boston. 

28. A Disquisition. " William the Third and Bentinck." 

GEORGE ABBOTT HOOD, Lynn. 

29. An Oration. " The Body of Liberties." 

JOHN DAVIS LONG, Buckjield, Me. 

30. A Dissertation. " Relation of the Writers of the Eighteenth 

Century to the French Revolution." 

ROBERT McNEIL MORSE, Jamaica Plain. 

31. An Oration. "Comparison of the Moral Influences of the 

several Fine Arts." 

GEORGE HENRY FORSTER, Charkstown. 

MUSIC. 

32. An Oration. " Knowledge and Wisdom." 

SOLOMON LINCOLN, Bingham. 



ITEMS OF HISTORY. 



FOOTBALL. 



On the 5th of September, 1853, occurred the annual football con- 
tent, in which the Sophomores beat the first three games, but, with the 
aid of the Juniors, we beat the next three. Our lives at this period 
were passed iu ''labors, dangers, and sufferings," (not) "voluntarily 
undergone." 

On the 4th of September, 1854, we were victorious in the six games 
played. Dwight and Barnard had reason to remember the day as 
quite a " bang-up " affair ; also Bacon and Newell, whose impetus was 
alarming. 

In the second trio of games, 3 September, 1855, the Freshmen and 
ourselves were completely beaten ; and, 1 September, 1856, helping the 
Sophomores, we gained two out of* the three games. 



OXFORD CAPS. 



Our Class appeared, 18 October, 1853, in the derided Oxfords, which 
— children of an hour — soon took to their comfortable and dusty nails 
over the fireplace. 



FRANKLIN STATUE CELEBRATION. 

The undergraduates took part in the procession on the completion 
and dedication of the Franklin Statue in Boston, 17 September, 1856. 
Storrow was chief marshal, and Sovvdon and Morse assistants. The 
banner was borne by Stackpole, and the ribbons were held by Dyer 
and Horton, the three in Oxford hats. For an account of the affair 
see "Harvard Magazine," ii. 355. A small boy was overheard to say, 
as our Class-passed, "There go the Sunday-school scholars." 

28 



214 THE CLASS. OF 1857. 



BOATING. 

The first club-boats were introduced at Harvard College in 1844, 
by members of the Class of 1846. In September of that year, the 
"Star" was bought, the name of which was changed to the "Oneida," 
and it was still in use in our time. The " Oneida " was victorious in 
the first race with Yale in 1852. It was sold in 1857. 

The Huron Boat Club, which belonged exclusively to 1857, was 
organized by Perkins, Sowclon, and Stackpole in the winter vacation 
of 1854-55. The " Huron " was bought and the club began its exist- 
ence in March. The Huron Boat Club consisted of *Alston, Bacon, 
Dearborn, *Dwi<dit, Elliott, *Flagg, Goldsmith, *Hale, Haven, Hig- 
ginson, Horton, Morse, Newell, *Parkman, *Perk'ms, *F. C. Ropes, 
Sowdon, Stackpole, *Starr, Storrow, *Willard. 

The University Crew included in its numbers, in 1854-55, Elliott, 
Goldsmith, *Parkman, *Willard; in 1855-56, Elliott, Hodges, Gold- 
smith, *Parkman, *F. C. Ropes, Walcott ; in 1856-57, Elliott, 
Goldsmith, Hodges, *Parkman. 

In the contest with Yale at Springfield, 21 July, 1855, the "Iris," 
including in its crew, Elliott, Goldsmith, *Parkman, Walcott, and 
*Willard, was victoi'ious, and secured the prize, a set of colors. 

In the Boston City Regatta, 4 July, 1856, the "Harvard," rowed by 
Elliott, Goldsmith, Hodges, *Parkman, *F. C. Ropes, and Walcott, 
secured the second prize, a silver cup. 

On Charles River, 16 May, 1857, between the "Huron," with 
Elliott, *Parkman, Storrow, Walcott, Goldsmith, and Agassiz, of 
1855, as crew, and the " Volant," of Boston, the three-mile race was 
won by the latter, by thirty-eight seconds. 

In the race for the Beacon Cup on Charles River, 13 June, 1857, 
the cup was taken by the " Union," of Boston. The " Harvard " 
included in her crew, Elliott, Goldsmith, Hodges, and *Parkman. 



MOCK PARTS. 



Dearborn, *Folsom, Horton, Stackpole, and Wells were chosen a 
committee to prepare Mock Parts, 25 May, 1855, and Dearborn read 
the same from the window of II. 24, 25 September, 1855. A copy is 
on file with the Class Papers. 



[TEMS OF HISTORY. 



215 



HARVARD MAGAZINE. 



Storrow. French, and R opes were elected editors of the "Harvard 
Magazine" on the part of our Class, 25 May, 1855. 7 July, 1856, a 
Class meeting was held, when we listened to the report of the editors, 
and re-elected the same for the ensuing year. 



1 ) E T U R S. 



The distribution of books called " Deturs/' made from the income of 
the Hopkins Foundation, near the commencement of the Academical 
Year to meritorious students of the Sophomore Class, and to those 
Juniors who entered the Sophomore Class and whose merit would 
have entitled them to this distinction, was announced 27 November, 
1854, when the following members of the Class received them: — 



Billiard. 

Clark. 

Damon. 

Dwight. 

Fisher, II. N. 

Folsom. 

Forster. 

Goldsmith. 

Grover. 

Hale. 

Hayes. 

Hodges. 

Hood. 

Jackson. 

Long. 

May. 



c. 
c. 



Morse. 
Parkman 

Perkins. 

Ropes, F 

Ropes, J 

Runkle. 

Searle. 

Smith. 

Stackpole. 

Walcott. 

Ware. 

Wells. 

Whitman, A 

Whittemore 

Wood. 



Deturs were given in the first term of the Junior Year to- 



Converse. 
Lincoln. 



Starr. 
Stevens. H. J. 



216 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



NAVY CLUB. 

The following officers of the Navy Club were elected by acclama- 
tion, 26 March, 1857: — 



Lord High Admiral, 


Horton. 


Rear-Admiral, 


Sowdon. 


Vice-Admiral, 


Bacon. 


Commodore, 


*Parkman. 


Captain, 


Dearborn. 


Lieutenant, 


Dyer. 


Midshipman, 


*Whitman, A. 


Ensign, 


*Flagg. 


Boatswain, 


Blake. 


Chaplain, 


French. 


Surgeon, 


Elliott. 


Drum Major, 


*Alston. 


Marines, 


Stone, Hodges, *Whittemore. 


Horse Marines, 


Stevens, *F. C. Ropes, *Dwight, Wood 


Shovels, 


Forster, Lincoln. 


Little Shovels, 


Smith, *Hood, *Whittemore. 


Spades, 


H. N. Fisher, Brooks. , 



COLLEGE SOCIETIES. 





ANO NY.MA. 




Transmitted, with an 


oration 


by 


Sowdon 


and a poem 1 


6 October, 1854. 










Bacon. 








Hodges. 


Brooks. 








Horton. 


Brown. 








* Hunter. 


Billiard. 








* Jack son. 


Carriere. 








Morse. 


Clark. 








Newell. 


*Damon. 








*Parkman 


Dearborn. 








*Perkins. 


*Dwisrht. 








Rowland. 


Elliott. 








Runkle. 


*Flao-or. 

CO 








Searle. 


*Folsom. 








Sowdon . 


Goddard. 








Stackpole. 


Goldsmith. 








* Starr. 


*Grover. 








Storrow. 


*Hale. 








Walcott. 


Haven. 








AVells. 


Higginson. 








*Willard. 




THE 


INSTITUTE. 








17: 


JO. 




*Alston. 








Horton. 


Blake. 








*Jackson. 


Brooks. 








Lincoln. 


Clark. 








May. 


Converse. 








Morse. 


* Damon. 








Newell. 



218 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Dearborn. 

*Dwight. 

Elliott. 

*Flagg. 

*Folsom. 

French. 

Goddard. 

Goldsmith. 

Gorham. 

*G rover. 

*Hale. 

Haven. 

Hijjjjinson. 



*Parkman. 

^Perkins. 

Ropes, J. C. 

Rowland. 

Runkle. 

Searle. 

Sowdon. 

Stackpole. 

* Starr. 

Storrow. 

Walcott. 

Wells. 

*Willard. 



THE HASTY-PUDDING CLUB. 



* Alston. 

Bacon. 

Blake. 

Brooks. 

Converse. 

Dearborn. 

*Dwight. 

Elliott. 

*Flagg. 

*Folsom. 

French. 

Goldsmith. 

Gorham. 

Haven. 

Hiffginson. 



1795. 



Lincoln. 
May. 

Morse. 

Newell. 

*Parkman. 

*Perkins. 

*Ropes. J. C. 

Runkle. 

Sowdon. 

Stackpole. 

*Starr. 

Stevens, II. J. 

Storrow. 

Wells. 

*Willard. 



THE PIERIAN SODALITY. 

1808. 
Dearborn. Dyer. 



COLLEGE SOCIETIES. 



2J9 



THE HARVARD NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY. 

1837. 



*Alston. 
Bacon. 
Bartlett. 
*Dwight. 

1 > ver. 

Elliott. 

Fisher, A. E. 

*Flagg. 

*Folsom. 

French. 

Golclsniith. 

*Hale. 

Haven. 

Lincoln. 



May. 
Morse. 

* Park man. 

* Perkins. 
Ropes, J. C. 
Searle. 
Sowdon. 
Stackpole. 

* Starr. 
Stevens, II. 
Storrow. 
Wells. 
*Willard 



THE PORCELLIAN CLUB. 

1789. 

* Alston. 

Brooks. 

Dearborn. 
*D wight. 
*Parkman. 



WITENA GEMOT. 

The boards were put out, for the first time, 17 September, 1855. 

At first members were admitted by election, but, soon after, the whole 
class were admitted. The Society was short-lived. The only legacy 
it left was the "Witena-Gemot chant, " Grind, Mills, Grind," the joint 
production of Folsom and Wells. 



220 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



THE GRIDIRON. 



Stackpole says, in the Class Book : " In the beginning of our 
Sophomore year, Rowland, Brooks, Sowdon, Starr, Haven, Higginson, 
and Wells formed a club for social purposes, which they called the 
Gridiron, a name which at once suggested thoughts of a festive board 
and the parallelism of minds around it. By various resignations and 
elections the club, by the end of October of the same term, consisted 
of French, Alston, Brooks, Higginson, Parkman, Gorham, Stackpole, 
Perkins, Haven, and Flagg. To these, at the beginning of the Junior 
year, Wells and Dearborn were added, the former by a rejoindure, the 
latter by an initiation, which it is hoped he will never forget. The 
club met regularly at the rooms of its different members in succession, 
afterwards in those only of its members who roomed out of the build- 
ings, during the Senior year, consisting only of Perkins, Wells, and 
Flagg. It was convened only in the season when tin' weather was 
sufficiently cold; not that its constitution was like that of a polar bear, 
but for the simple reason that the effect of heat is to render a small 
room, filled with twelve students, a little close ; closeness necessitates 
the opening of windows ; through windows, by the laws of Cooke, 
Josiah P.. nature's vicegerent, air will pass ; air is freighted with, 
sounds ; sounds will strike upon a human ear, to wit, that of the 
Infant Hayes ; which ear, by the well-known legal maxim, • qui audit 
per alium, audit per se,' is the ear of the Faculty. Thus, by a logical 
reasoning, we arrive at the reason for our non-assemblage in warm 
weather. The inevitable consequences of such sounds, after they 
struck upon said ear. it needs no logic to deduce. The doings of 
the club were at once amusing, improving, and filling. They began 
with original witticisms, read by the grand Ichthyosaurus of the even- 
ing, and not a few funny things which afterward excited the laughter 
of more dignified assemblies had here their birth. The club then 
proceeded to amuse and fill themselves. Oysters, ale, punch, crackers 
and cheese (of pine-apple) formed our simple and unvaried fare tin- 
three years, and frugal and coarse as it was we found it agreed with 
us; at the end of each year we grew extravagant, and indulged in 
more sumptuous festivities in foreign hostels. Brooks, Parkman, 
Alston, and Wells successively presided, with grace and dignity, 
under an Indian title of honor, over the quiet stews which had heen 
first provided in order by Higginson, Perkins, and Gorham. At our 



COLLEGE SOCIETIES. 221 

graduation, Mr. Whipple was honored with the opportunity of taking 
a photograph of the fraternal group; and copies of this, together with 
mugs of pewter, from which it was the custom of the club to pour all 
within, may be found, even now, in the rooms of the Brothers. It is 
believed that the Gridiron Club minded its own business, never inter- 
fered with others in the Class, never made use of their union as a fac- 
tion, and were thoroughly united throughout three entire years in heart 
and hand, without, one rent or unkind word." 



M E I). FAC. 

Stackpole again says, "Of the glorious Med. Fac, — terror of Fac- 
ulty and Freshmen, — would that there were some more worthy and 
more active member to sing the praises! The writer cannot claim to 
have been a leader, or in fact a follower in many of its great deeds; 
but yet he was cognizant of them and can speak. It is unnecessary to 
relate the pristine glories of the club, for they are world-famous; but 
quoad 1857. One blustering evening in the autumn of 1856, three 
youths might have been seen sitting in the twilight over the embers of 
a smouldering fire. Their talk was of Harvard College and the noble 
deeds of its students, and, particularly, of the buried glories of the 
great Med. Fac. Suddenly in their midst descended a great idea, — 
Reformation! Renovation! Inauguration! Morals should be elevated ;, 
vice should be crushed ; virtue be exalted. Thus should they, with 
other kindred spirits, accomplish a phoenix-like Med. Fac. These 
three reformers and patriots — unknown to posterity, not trumpeted 
like other kindred minds, Luther, Zwingle, and the rest, by the clarion 
of fame — were Bacon, Horton, and Stackpole. To the uninitiated 
vul"us it has seemed as if the Plummer Professor had inaugurated a 
new system of morals, and a higher standard of virtue ; but to the 
unknown, unassuming, inglorious, but patriotic triad, the real fame is 
due. With them they joined Dyer of the raven beard, cunning, key 
contriving, lock-picking ; French, the Parietal's most deadly foe ; 
Willard, the chemical-ingenious ; Storrow, the steady tongue-sawyer ; 
Perkins, the peripatetic, — their future president, — slyest and gravest 
of dogs ; Wells, the Pharisee, the waxy one ; Lincolu, the sedate trick- 
ster ; Elliott, the strong prayer-out-rubber, with others of the Class of 
.V.). . . . Whilst other mortals slept, this noble and patriotic band of 
brothers watched and worked. Locks gave way before their industry. 

29 



>; 



222 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

The tongue of despotism {alias, that of the bell of Harvard Hall) was 
silenced and carried away by them, — top-sawyers indeed ; and the 
breeches of Mills, the janizary, were stained with deadly chemicals. 
The symbols of their faith they displayed in glowing and verdant col- 
ors upon the walls of the chapel and the entries of the buildings. 
New light broke upon the minds of the Faculty assembled in their 
(in) justice hall, shadowed forth in the form of a tar barrel. 

" Whilst such were their efforts in collegiate reformation in one direc- 
tion, in another they were equally antagonistic to vice. In an ancient 
mansion, beneath the branches of the elm under which the Father of 
his Country first drew the sword of liberty, they nightly held their 
solemn convocations. There they sat in solemn dignity, in swarthy 
robes yclad, behind an awful board with bones and skulls spread hor- 
ribly around. The bird of wisdom roosted wrathfully in their midst, 
the red devils gambolled midst the coffins and under the fatal noose 
which once had hung the height of Harvard's Hall. Into that terrible 
hall many a Freshman entered, and but few returned, wiser and sadder 
men. 

" Another duty, too, devolved upon the fraternity, for, after the Col- 
lege government were safe between their sheets, dreaming of Fresh- 
men publicked and Sophomores suspended, lo ! into their very sancta 
sanctorum the key of knowledge (with its wards filed) had admitted 
the reformers, and again the light of truth, in the shape of a dark lan- 
tern, had gleamed upon their misdoings. But these days are gone. 
The only remnant of them left to the reformers is a degree, declar- 
ing, in modest language, their vast merits, designed by their leader, 
Perkins, and composed in a style of chaste Latinity by the present 
writer." Fortunately a copy of the diploma remains, and is repro- 
duced below. 

As an earnest of what can be done and was done, the editor of this 
Report merely remarks, that, if any member of the Class wishes to 
know just what was his standing for the first term, 18"jG-57, with all 
the facts and figures, the information is on file and can be referred to. 



COLLEGE SOCIETIES. 223 



> ^b&* at *""* ***** 4^ m 






\ .3 _ tk u 



» l X, 



<fc, 



<ft». 



^ ^»' . 



v v ©•* 



V "% 

■♦ ^ 



Ouandoquii'I.m vir ingenio diabolico 

ac scieiitia laudabili ad Tartarum particularcm erigendum 
praeditas,. moribusque viarum signis et titulis tintinnabulisque 
forium dcntrimcutosissimis ornatus, post tempus usitatum 
medicine? et Tyronum cruciandorum studio et praxi impensum, 
examine apnd Praesidcm Ambulatorcm privatim habito, et dis- 

sertatione sua de. publice enunciata, in 

arte diabolica se multum profecisse omnibus fratribus in 
Diabolo osteudit, et scripto tcstimonio qui ad Antiqui GALLI 
et HlLARIS LATERIS {quod est in vemaculo Brick) gradum 
admittatur ab Us pro more commendatus est. 

Quaproptcr Praeses et Professores Facultatis FRATRES in 

Diabolo antedicti admiserunt ad gradum 

Medicinal Facultatis Socii eique dederunt omnia Jures 
et Privilegia ab Satano duce derivata, et ad gradum ilium 
pertiucutia. 

Cujus in rei Testimonium Nos liisce litteris Medicinae 
Facultatis Sigillo muuitis nostra nomiua subscripsimus, die 
primo Jiriii anno Frateruitatis et Diaboli atque Domini uoslri 
M.DCCC.LVH. 

- - Praeses. 

Pharisaeus. 

" Procul, este Profani." 



224 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



RUMFORD SOCIETY. 



Bartlett. 








*Hunter. 


Brown. 








Mapes. 


Billiard. 








Richards. 


Elliott. 








Searle. 


Fisher, A. E. 








*Starr. 


*Grover. 








Stevens, H. J 


*Hood. 








Wells. 




ALPHA 


DELTA 
1837. 


PHI. 




Blake. 








Lincoln. 


Brooks. 








May. 


Dyer. 








* Perkins. 


*Hale. 








Ropes, J. C. 


Haven. 








Sowdou. 


Hi<X2iuson. 








Wells. 



DELTA KAPPA EPSILON. 



Bullard. 
*Hunter. 
Horton. 
Long. 



Searle. 

Stone. 
Smith. 
Whitman, G. L 



PSI UPSILON. 



* Alston. 

Converse. 

Dearborn. 

*Dwight. 

Elliott. 

*Folsom. 



French. 

Goldsmith. 

Gorham. 

Newell. 

* Park man. 

Stackpole. 



COLLEGE SOCIETIES. 



225 



111 ETA DELTA CHI. 



Brown. 




*Hollingsworlh. 


Fisher, II. N. 




Mapes. 


( Jo rely. 




*0'Connell. 




ZETA PSI. 




Bacon. 




Richards. 


* Damon. 




Runkle. 


*Flagg. 




*Willard. 


*Grover. 




*Macbeth 


Morse. 







Clark. 

Converse. 

*Damon. 

Forster. 

Goldsmith. 

*Grover. 

*Hale. 

Lincoln. 

Long. 



PHI BETA KAPPA. 
177!). 



May. 

Morse. 

# Perkins. 

Ropes, J. C. 

Searle. 

Smith. 

Stackpole. 

Wells. 

^Whitman, A. 



CLASS CRADLE. 



The Class Cradle, for which the sum of fifty dollars was voted at 
the Class meeting held 2G March, 1857, was presented 14 March, 
1859, to Grenville Bacon, the father of Grenville, Junior, who was 
born, in due form, 13 January, 1859. 



(LASS BOOK. 

The Class Book, for which the Class voted the sum of twenty-five 
dollars, 26 March, 1857, was opened for the autograph lives of mem- 
bers of the Class, in June following. Bartlett, Brooks, Brown, Bui- 



226 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

lard, Converse, *Damon, *De Saulles, Dorr, *Flagg, *Folsom, Forster, 
Gorham, *Grover, *Hale, Haven, Hayes, Holt, *Hood, Lincoln, Long, 
May, Morse, Newell, *0'Connell, * Perkins, Ranlett, Richards, *Ropes, 
F. C, Ropes, J. C, Seurle, Sowdon, Stackpole, *Starr, Stevens, H. J., 
Storrow, Walcott, # Welles, "Wells, *Whitman, A., Whitman, G. L., 
*\Vhittemore, *Willard, Wood, have written their lives therein, and 
memoranda have heen preserved of the lives of Hodges, *Parkman, 
*Bell, *Bradt, *Donham, Goddard, *Stevens, H. N. 

The Class Book also contains the Class Oration by Storrow, the 
Class Poem by French, and sundry data inscribed by the Class Sec- 
retaries. It is in the hands of the Class Secretary, and on the extinc- 
tion of the Class will be placed on the shelves of the College Library. 
The Secretary has also an Album containing recent photographs of 
members of the Class and their families, so far as they have been 
furnished. 



COMMEXCEMEXT MELTINGS AND CLASS SUPPERS. 



The Class lias met at Cambridge every year since our graduation ; 
nine of these meetings were held at M. 7, and nine at H'y "22. The 
Sophomore Class Supper was held at the Norfolk House, in Roxbury, 
25 May, 1855, at which Storrow was president, Alston vice-president, 
and Sowdon toastmaster. Wells's Class Toast and Goldy's Ode on the 
Gnomes and the Tomes were here put forth. The Senior Class Supper, 
for which Alston was chosen president, was omitted. Since that time 
the Class has dined together sixteen times; in 1866, and since that 
time, at the expense of the Class Fund, as is shown in Bartlett's ac- 
count of the Class Fund. For these occasions Bartlett, Long, May. 
Stackpole, Wells, A. Whitman, and others have written Odes which 
have been sung by the Class. They are reproduced in this place, by 
request. 



CARMIXA TEMP. CLASSES CIO.D.CCC.X.VII. 

W*. G. G., 1855. 

A band of glad brothers, uncloistered and free, 

From delving the mine of the Tomes, 
To-night, that unshackled our spirits may be, 

We leave the hid gold to the Gnomes. 
'T is good to encircle the banqueting board, 

Where thought kindling thought with the glow 
Of social delight, the swift moments afford. 

The soul may in utterance flow. 



228 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

The spring-time of life is for joyance and mirth, — 

For blossom, and sparkle, and song! 
The tree, that when young, gayly flaunts o'er its earth, 

In time, will grow stately and strong. 
To gain its true grandeur, and glory, and might, 

It stands cloud, and darkness, and storm; 
Then claims a free gush from the fountain of light, 

Poured o'er it, enlivening and warm. 

The North and the South, with the East and the West, 

Our ties of sweet friendship have twined ; 
And Union, the motto we wear on the breast, 

Is traced on the heart and the mind. 
And hence, that no damp on our spirits may fall, 

Whilst leaving these valleys below, 
We look to the mountains, that echo the call 

Of Higher ! as higher we go. 

Our dear Alma Mater, fair Harvard, all hail ! 

In faith, ever filial and true, 
Our pledge of a love for thee never to fail, 

This night, hand in hand, we renew. 
The rainbow that spans thy Pierian Spring, 

Is formed by thy sunbeaming eye ; 
And Peace by the waters hath folded her wing. 

Whilst they well and flash to the sky. 

And now, from the heart of our Sophomore year, 

With gratefulness, gladness, and glee, 
United we utter the festival cheer, 

And render new homage to thee : 
To thee, in the spirit and light of the hour — 

This Oasis green of our way ! — 
All gemmed with white stars of our Hope-in-the-flower, 

We bring the fresh garland of May ! 



CLASS SUPPERS. 229 

J. L. S., 1860. 

I. 

Two soldiers of France, 'midst the shot and the shell, 

The Tricolor waving on high, 
Side hy side, hand in hand, up Magenta's green swell 

Rush onward to conquer or die. 
On the banks of the Loire, by her vine-trellised door, 

Her eyes turned in anguish above, 
A mother is praying that God may restore 

Her sons to her bosom of love. 

II. 

On the banks of the Loire, near a vine-trellised door, 

A wounded man wanders for rest ; 
But his eye sparkles brightly, though weary and sore, 

For Honor's cross shines on his breast. 
At the feet of his mother the wanderer falls, 

His troubles, his wanderings are gone, 
And with tears for her lost one the mother recalls 

Her joy for her boy that is won. 

III. 

Return, then, youth, from the battles of life, 

To thy fair mother's bosom return, 
Back, back from thy troubles, thy vict'ries, thy strife, 

To the mother that loves thee return ! 
And tell how on field, how in hardly-won breach, 

Hand in hand with thy brother you fought, 
Side by side, failing never, you stood each to each, 

Heart to heart each for victory sought. 

IV. 

Let thy mother rejoice in the cross on thy breast, 

Pause awhile by the stream, 'neath the trees, 
The time-honored trees which are guarding her rest, 

Oh, be once more a child at her knees! 
Then let mem'ry go back to the days of thy youth — 

This moment, mother, be thine ! 
Once more we are children, thy children in truth 

At thy knees, as of old, in "Lang Syne." 

30 



230 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



A. W., 1860. 

I. 

Harvardia ! Harvardia ! 
Nunc nomen conclamemus ; 
Salvere te, florere te, 
Cluere te jubemus. 

Chorus. 

Et bene prisca tempora, 
Et bene vos sodales, 
Sic semper his in poculis 
Cantabimus aequales. 

II. 

Nunc, nunc decet combibere ; 
Di donavere merum, 
Solatium mordacium 
Curarum valde verum. 



Chorus. 



III. 

Insignia cur regia, 
Cur regna cupiamus ? 
Nee regibus, nee legibus 
Paremus dum potamus. 



Chorus. 



IV. 

Cantabimus potandi jus 
Dum flumen sitientes 
Juvabit : morientibus 
Sint nobis, qui, manentes, 

Final Chorus. 

Tunc cantent prisca tempora 
Et hilaros sodales 
Qui quondam bis in poculis 
Cantavimus aequales. 



CLASS SUPPERS. 231 



F. B., 18C0. 



I. 

Fill every beaker high to the brim, 
Pledge every classmate, welcome to him ; 
Drive from your brow each shadow of care, 
Nought but a crown of green vine leaves rest there; 
For to-night brothers meet, and to-night say farewell 
Till the triad of years once again wakes the spell. 
True to ourselves, Alma Mater, and Heaven, 
Stand we together here, all 'Fifty-seven. 

II. 

Pledge now the fair : the wine that each sips, 
Like her cheek, blushes when brought to the lips. 
Our passion in youth, our comfort in age, 
Our pleasures to share, our griefs to assuage ; 
Though not here at our board, still here at our hearts 
She adds to the joy that each moment imparts. 
True to ourselves, Alma Mater, and Heaven, 
Stand we together here, all 'Fifty-seven. 

III. 

One cup at parting : we that have met 
Old Alma Mater ne'er will forget. 
Each class to-night here crowns her with flowers ; 
None offers any wreath brighter than ours. 
Let each, as his blossom, twine in the crown 
A deed that shall add to her ancient renown. 
True to ourselves, Alma Mater, and Heaven, 
Stand we together here, all 'Fifty-seven. 



J. M., 18(50. 

I. 
Rise proudly, fair Harvard, among thy green trees ! 
The cheer of thy children resounds on the breeze ; 
Fifty-seven, returning, salutes thee with song, 
Attend, Alma Mater, the echoes prolong ! 



232 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

We widely have wandered ; united once more, 
On the altar of Memory libations we pour ; 
Ambition and Care to the winds let us cast, 
This evening is sacred to Love and the Past. 

II. 

'Tis joy to revisit each long-hallowed scene, 
Those chambers so cheerful, those alleys so green; 
The street where at eve, 'neath the deep linden shade, 
'Mid jubilant echoes, we chorusing strayed ; 
The stream where we laved, or, in time to our song, 
Our oars gayly dipped as we glided along; 
The plain where our champions all rivals defy, 
While the light leathern bubble bounds up to the sky. 

III. 

But ah ! there are loved ones that greet us no more ; 

Nay, call them not dead, — they are gone but before : 

To heaven our circle unbroken extends ; 

This evening's re-union each spirit attends. 

Green Auburn ! we charge thee, whose acres enclose 

The mound where their ashes in silence repose ; 

Guard precious the relics intrusted to thee, 

And Charles ! gently murmur their low threnody ! 

IV. 

Alas ! youth shall wane like the sand in the glass ; 
E'en as we are singing its swift moments pass ; 
Our brows shall be wrinkled, our step shall be slow. 
But say, shall our hearts be less faithful than now? 
No ! Fair Alma Mater ! around thee for aye 
Fond memories cluster that know not decay ; 
And the last gray-haired brother that lingereth here 
Fifty-seven and Harvard united shall cheer ! 



J. D. L., 1860. 

I. 

Come touch the tinkling glass once more, 

For cloudless days gone by, 
And drink the healths we 've drunk before, 

Their echo shall not die. 



CLASS SUPPERS. 233 

Chorus. 
Their music shall not die, my boys, 

Their music shall not die ; 
The chords we strung, the tones we struck, 

Their music shall not die. 

II. 
The halls, the trees, their sprinkled shade, 

The soft June stretch of green, — 
They shall not from our memory fade 

Though they be no more seen. 



Chorus. 



III. 
A sigh for those who meet us not, 

For ties that years despoil ; 
A. shout of joy for that dear spot, 

" Fair Harvard's " cherished soil. 



Chorus. 



IV. 

For Harvard's fame we lift the glass, 

This health to her be given ; 

One deeper draught, 't is for the Class, — 

The men of 'Fifty-seven. 

Chorus. 

V. 

Whether we serve, or wear the crown, 
These days shall glad us still ; 

Aud joys of eld, re-lived, shall drown 
The while life's every ill. 



Chorus. 



Vi. 

The songs together sung of yore, 
Shall ne'er our lips depart, 

Till of us all there beat no more 
In tune a single heart. 



Chorus. 



234 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



VII. 



The old loves aye shall stronger be, 
Grown richer still, like wine, 

Till sparkles most the latest e'e 
For clays of auld lang syne. 



Chorus. 



J. M., 1863. 

I. 
Come, brothers, again round a festival board 

Let us pause in our revels to sing, 
And whileour hearts beat in exultant accord, 

Our old College Anthem shall ring. 
The triad is over ! return we once more 

To the haunts of our happier days, 
And to thee, Alma Mater, in gratitude pour 

Libations of love and of praise ! 

II. 

Oh ! bright were the years that we spent at her shrine 

From the hour when first we had met, 
And Memory fondly shall round her entwine 

Her garlands of "Never Forget." 
Our number shall lessen, each year that rolls on, 

But our meetings are sacred from gloom ; 
A tear we will drop for each brother that 's gone, 

Then our mirth — as they VI have us — resume. 

III. 

So fill to our mother, each child of her care 

Your tribute of loyalty pay: 
She was stern, but was faithful, tho' ancient, is fair, 

She shall bloom as we pledge her for aye! 
Then join in the chorus, Old Harvard the fair ! 

Bid Echo resound the refrain ! 
And ere the glad tumult shall fade on the ear, 

Fair Harvard ! we '11 cheer thee again. 



CLASS SUPPERS. 235 



F. B., 1863. 



Three years Lave rolled o'er us, 

Once more we are met, 
Our hearts again swelling, 

Our lips again wet. 
As brother greets brother, 

"With o'erbrimming glass, 
And drinks in a bumper — 

Success to the Class. 

Chorus. 

Then filling your glasses, drink one to the other, 
And once by the hand again grasp every brother, 
And swear, while the stars shine above in the heaven 
To stand by her ever, our own Fifty-Seven ! 

II. 

To-day finds us striving, 

Each one at his place, 
Our boyhood has passed, 

And we 've entered the race. 
Some have wooed and have won, 

Some have uttered the vow — 
And Old Alma Mater 's 

A grandmother now. 

III. 

But places are empty, 

Where, ever before, 
"Were brothers whose welcome 

Shall greet us no more ; 
"Whom we loved and are mourning, 

With tears in the cup, 
But glory in having 

Such men to give up. 



236 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

J. D. L., 1863. 

I. 

With thinner ranks, but stouter souls, 
The present we resign, 

To fill again our flowing bowls 
To days of auld lang syne. 

II. 

The cup of life begins to swim 
With richer draughts of wine : 

The foam we tasted on its brim, 
In days of auld lang syne. 

III. 

Fair Harvard, foremost in our lays, 
Is still our common shrine : 

Here 's to her fame in coming days, 
As in the auld lang syne. 

IV. 

Our absent brothers still we toast, 

The memory divine 
Of those who died to make us boast 

The ties of auld lang syne. 

V. 

And here 's a health to one and all. 
In future storm and shine, 

To those who rise, and those who fall, 
And to the auld lang syne. 



CLASS SUPPERS. 237 

IN HOSPITIO RE VERA. 
ANTE DIEM XVII KALENDAS AUGUSTI, MDCCCLXVII. 

SALVE, AMICE. 

PAX BENIGNA CURAS PRO PATRIA AMATISSIMA ANXIAS FUGAT. 
CONCORDIiE TEMPLUM REFICIAMUS. 

LJETE RECORDANTES, POST QUADRENNIUM, DIEI 

MAXIMA YOLUPTATE UNA ACTI, ET SUMMA 

CUM GRATITUDINE MEMORES GRATIS 

CELESTIS QUiE TOT SODALES PER 

QUINQUAGINTA ANNOS IN VITA 

VALENTES SERVAVIT, 

SOCII CLASSIS, IN COLLEGIO HARVARDIANO, 

ANNI SALUTIS MILLESIMI OCTINGENTESIMI DECIMI SEPTIMI, 

SESE INVICEM CORDE ITERUM AMPLECTANDI, DEXTRA 

DEXTRAM PREHENDENDI, VOCES OLIM BENE 

NOTAS AUSCULTANDI, VULTUS OLIM OPTIME 

AMATOS RECOGNOSCENDI, MEMORIAS 

DULCES REVOCANDI, SESE PUEROS 

ITERUM MUTUO SALUTANDI, 

UNA C(ENANDI, 

"SALVE" ET DENIQUE "VALE*" 

DICENDI GRATIA CONVENERUNT. 

ADSINT MEMORIZE FELICES, AMICITIA 

FIDELIS, COGITATIONES GRAT^E, COLLOQUIUM 

DULCE, HILARITAS, JOCI ET RISUS, SPES GRATULA- 

TIONESQUE JUCUNDiE. ABSIT ATRA CURA. ABSINT 

TRISTITIA, METUS, LUCTUS ET MORDACES SOLL1CITUDINES. 

SALVETE SODALES. 

OMNIBUS SIT PLACIDA QUIES SENECTUTIS BEAT.E. 

SALVETE OMNES. 

31 



238 THE CLASS OF 1857. 



S. W., 1868. 

As strangers we met, when to Harvard we came, 

To seek to be learned and good ; 
But Hooper and Bogie soon taught ns the name 

Of each classmate from Alston to Wood. 
The names we soon changed, as Ropes Second to Jack, 

When from surname to nickname we passed, 
To Epops, and Gubbard, and Ajax, and Stack, 

And Couny, the least but not last. 

Our acquaintance soon ripened from friendship to love, 

Our minds were united as one ; 
We labored together our wits to improve, 

Mixed our work with a great deal of fun. 
The names we '11 not mention, the tales -we '11 not tell, 

A word or a hint will suffice ; 
And " Upee" and " Skiddy" and "Mills on the Bell" 

Recall many scenes to the wise. 

Our circle was small and our members were few, 

Fifty-Seven was " Little, but oh ! " 
When we met round the tree for the last sad adieu, 

The last smile, the last tear, then to go 
From places and scenes we had loved as our home, 

From classmates we weep for in vain, 
Away from old Harvard, with sorrow to roam, 

To meet there — ah, never again ! 

Then closer, draw closer, dear brothers, to-night, 

Keep the circle still perfect and true, 
Our hearts shall be joyous, our smile shall be bright, 

We '11 be happy although we are few. 
We '11 crack the old jokes, the old songs we '11 sing o'er. 

Let our laughter resound thro' the hall, 
Fifty-Seven we'll drink, a libation we'll pour 

To the wives, to the babies, and all. 



class suiters. 239 



ARGUMENTUM : 

QUINQUAGESIMAE SEPTIMAE CLASSIS SODALES, 
CONSULE JACOBO WALKER AD SUMMOS UNIVERSITATIS 
GRADUS ADMISSI, POSTIIAO HONORIBUS AMPLISS1.MIS 
SENATU POPULOQUE AMERICANO ORNATI, GAUDIUNT DIE 
NAT ALE CLASSIS REDACTA DECIMA TERTIA. TUNC 
PLACET VETERES FOVERE MEMORIAS. CALET MERO 

PAULATIM SUPERBA VIRTUS. PATERAS FALERNO VETERE 
[MPLENT, ET SIMPLEX CARMEN NUMERIS SOLUTIS MORE 
JUVENUM CANUNT. 

J. L. S., 1870. 



As in haunts of his harem the bold chanticleer, 

With the loudest and proudest of strains, 
Vociferous calls to partake of his cheer 

The multiferous party he reigns, 
As the choicest of worms he presents to their taste 

All titbits, most juicy and sweet, 
As the wives of his bosom in hurry and haste 

Throng round him to share in the treat : 

II. 

So our genial three, Folsom, Bartlett, and Morse, 

With dividends ample and rare, 
Have sounded their trumpets, to foot and to horse ; 

Let the classmates their bellies prepare. 
So from east and from west, and from north and from south, 

From every quarter of heaven, 
With a jest in the eye, and a smile round the mouth, 

Come that hungriest crowd, fifty-seven. 

III. 



What sentiments then crowd our bosoms to-night. 

What feelings they proudly contain ! 
'T is the union of classmates dear brothers delight, 

And partly the love of champagne. 



240 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

Alma Mater we cherish, each other we greet, 
Ne'er was yet such a festival found ; 

Here are friendship and truffles, old love and Lafite, 
Pass the kiss and the bottle around ! 



J. M., 1873. 

Round our broad mahogany, 

Upaidee, upaida ! 
Closer ! brothers, knee to kuee ! 

Upaidee, aida ! 
Raise again the ancient strain, 
Fifty-Seven's own refrain, 

Upaidee, &c. 

Ah ! the years, how swift they pass ! 

Upaidee, upaida ! 
Like the bubbles o'er the glass ; 

Upaidee, aida ! 
Like the echoes of our song, 
Let them vanish, — love is strong ! 

Upaidee, &c. 

See, a score already gone, 

Upaidee. upaida! 
Since, as rose the summer sun, 

Upaidee, aida ! 
Harvard's alleys, fresh and green, 
Fifty-Seven welcomed in. 

Upaidee, &c. 

Those, ah ! those were days of gold, 

Upaidee, upaida ! 
Soon, too soon, their tale was told ; 

Upaidee, aida ! 
Boyish triumphs, fleeting cares, 
Evening lamps and morning prayers. 

Upaidee, &c. 



CLASS SUPPERS. 241 

Now our locks are touched with gray, 

CJpaidee, upaida ! 
Round our knees our children play, 

I rpaidee, aida ! 
Wealth and place become our own, 
Grief and doubt our hearts have known. 

Upaidee, Ai<\ 



But whatever fate betide, 
Upaidee, upaida ! 

Here 's a solace shall abide ; 
Upaidee, aida { 

'T is enough for me and you 

Fifty-Seven still is true ! 
Upaidee, &c. 



Let the chorus, then, go round ! 

Upaidee, upaida ! 
Be our heads with roses crowned ! 

Upaidee, aida ! 
Once a year, all carelessly, 
Ring again the old U — P ! 

Upaidee, &c. 



J. D. L., 1877. 

Give Time the go-by with a will, 

Upi-dee, &c. 

The year is Fifty-Seven still. 

Upi-dee, &c. 

On our fair heads Fair Harvard lays 

Its augury of coming days. 

Upi-dee, &c. 



242 THE GLASS OF 1857. 

Full twenty years of up and down ! 

Upi-dee, &c. 
The war, the courts, the mart, the gown ! 

Upi-dee, &c. 
It 's but a Rip Van Winkle sleep. 
Wake up ! you dream ! you drank too deep ! 

Upi-dee, etc. 



No link is broken in the chain, 

Upi-dee, &c. 

Our castles still are all in Spain. 

Upi-dee, &c. 

And Youth, and Faith, and Hope, and Heaven 

Still cloudless smile on Fifty-Seven. 

Upi-dee, &c. 



Note. — The song "Upaidee" was first sung at Cambridge, with German 
words, by the Orpheus Glee Club, who were invited by students to pass the 
evening and drink lager in front of H'y, in the fall of 1855. The Faculty, 
however, disapproved of the use of the College Yard for the distribution of 
beer, and the beverage was transported to a neighboring hall, and there par- 
taken of by both guests and hosts. The air proved so popular that it was 
sung by the club many times ; but, the German words being soon lost, English 
words, with marked local allusions, were written by one of our Class. It is 
known that the German song was used by students at Jena and Leipsic as early 
at least as 1845. 

The air was set to band music for our Class Day, and first used in that way 
by the Class while cheering the buildings. 



CLASS FUND. 



At a meeting of the Class, 26 March. 1857, on Folsom's motion, 
S-'luo was appropriated as the Class Fund, $50 was voted for the Class 
Cradle, and $25 for .the Class Book; $350 was also voted for the use 
of the Class Day Committee. 

IJpon graduation, in 1857, the Class Fuud amounted to the sum of 
$850. This fund was understood to be applicable to general Class 
expenses, and was so employed (including the cost of the Class Cradle), 
to the extent of $110.69, up to the year 1860. At Commencement, 
in that year, upon the suggestion of the Class Treasurer, the creation 
of a fund, by small annual subscriptions from the Class, was begun, 
for the purpose of meeting, in whole or in part, the expense of the 
future dinners of the Class. From these subscriptions, varying in 
amount from $5 to $40, and coming from every member of the Class 
who could be reached, the Treasurer had received, in July, 1868, when 
the subscription was closed, $1,004.05. This sum, added to the origi- 
nal Class Fund of $350, represents the total amount which has been 
received by the Treasurer from the Class, namely, $1,354.05. 

The Class "Committee were authorized, 27 June, 1871, to make such 
disposition as they might deem expedient for the interest of the Class or 
College of any balance of the income of the Class Fund remaining in 
their hands after the payment of the Commencement and other ex- 
penses of the Class. It was also voted that the consideration of the 
final disposition of the fund was for the present inexpedient. 24 June, 
1873, it was voted that the Class Committee be authorized to appro- 
priate any portion of the income of the Class Fund to the necessities 
of any member of the Class or his family in their destitution. 

Since 1865, the dinners of the Class have been given at the expense 
of the Class Fund, as follows : — 



244 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

1866. At American House 34 present. 

1868. At Point Shirley 25 

1869. At the Union Club 22 „ 

1870. At the Union Club 20 

1871. At the Union Club 22 „ 

1872. At the Somerset Club 17 „ 

1873. At the Somerset Club 17 



J? 



5) 



?> 



» 



1874. At the Somerset Club 17 

1877. At the Somerset Club 20 

1878. At the Somerset Club 23 

1879. At the Somerset Club 24 

1880. At the Somerset Club 19 „ 

1881. At the Somerset Club 17 „ 

1882. At the Union Club 33 „ 

In addition to providing for the above-named fourteen dinners, and 
meeting the expenses for lunch on Commencement Day at Cambridge, 
the fund has paid $2,775.60 for the memorial window described else- 
where, and has furnished some assistance where the needs of a class- 
mate gave the opportunity. 

The account of the Treasurer with the Class Fund may be thus 
stated : — 

Amount of Class Fund, Jan. 1, 1883. . . . $12,525.40 
Amount of Expenditures to Jau. 1, 1883 . . 7,842.54 

$20,367.94 
Amount received by Treasurer from Class . . 1,354.05 

Increase of Class Fund since 1857 .... $19,013.05 
The Class Fund is held under the following declaration of Trust: — 

DECLARATION OF TRUST. 

Boston, November 17, 1881. 

I, Francis Bartlett, hereby declare that there is at this date in my 
hands the sum of eleven thousand three hundred and sixty-two dollars 
and sixty-four cents ($11,362.64), the same being the proceeds and 
increase of contributions made for Class purposes by members of the 
Class of 1857 (H.U.). 

And I hereby declare that I hold said fund upon the following 
trusts, viz.: to dispose of the income thereof for the purposes of the 
Class, such as providing Class dinners from time to time, defraying the 



CLASS FUND. 245 

expenses of a room and refreshments of the Class upon Commence- 
ment and other days, assisting classmates or their descendants in dis- 
tress, or for any other purpose, all in the discretion of a major part of 
the Class Committee surviving, and generally to the principal and 
income and accumulations the whole or a part for such purposes as the 
majority of the members of the Class surviving at any time may, in 
writing, request; or, in the absence of such request, the members of the 
Class, at any Class dinner or Commencement meeting, may designate 
by a majority vote of those present; and finally, if it shall not sooner, 
in whole or in part, be so disposed of by request or vote of the Class 
as above provided, the whole or remainder undisposed of to be turned 
over to Harvard University for the purpose of founding a scholarship 
upon such terms and conditions as shall be designated by a major part 
of the survivors of the Class Committee ; or, if the terms are not so 
designated by the Committee, the said fund or remainder to go to 
Harvard College for general purposes, upon the death of the last 
survivor of the Class Committee or of his successor in office. 

The Trustee shall have power to sell and reinvest and change invest- 
ments, and shall not be responsible for mistakes in disposing of the 
fund or its accumulations, or otherwise, save for his own wilful 
default. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereto set my hand and seal. 

Signed, Francis Bartlett. [Seal.] 



:vi 



MEMORIAL HALL FUND. 



In July, I860, the Association of the Alumni of Harvard College 
appointed a Committee of Fifty with full powers to plan and erect 
a building to be known as the Memorial Hall. 

The inscription on the south front gives the purpose for which the 
building was designed: — 

MEMORIAE • EORUM 

QUI • IN • HIS • SEDIBUS ■ INQTITUTI 

MORTEM • PRO • PATRIA • OPPETIVERUNT 

CIO • D • CCC XX I CIO ■ D • CCC XX V 

In the autumn of 1870, the corner-stone was laid on the Delta. In 
1874, the dining hall and memorial transept were finished and were 
dedicated at Commencement time. The auditorium or theatre, built 
principally from funds given by the will of the late Charles Sanders 
(1802), and now known by his name, was finished in June, 1876. 

Toward the erection of Memorial Hall, members of the Class gave 
the sum of $883. 




can smmmmwm vm 



THE MEMORIAL WINDOW 

]\ MEMORY OF THOSE CLASSMATES WHO FELL IN THE WAR. 



Upon the occasion of the opening of Memorial Hall at Cambridge, 
on Commencement Day. 1874, there was read by General Devens, 
who prcsidci 1 at the dinner, a request, sent to him from the table where 
the members of the Class were dining, that the Class of 1857 be per- 
mitted to erect in Memorial Hall a window to the memory of those of 
their classmates who fell in the war. 

The Class Committee, after a careful consideration, selected as sub- 
jects for the two parts of the window the figures of Epaminondas and 
Sir Philip Sidney, as illustrating the character of the scholar and soldier 
in history. 

Sketches for the window were solicited and received from many of 
'the best manufacturers of stained glass, both in Europe and in this 
country, and a choice was finally made of the design submitted by a 
New- York artist. In making this selection, the Committee were much 
influenced by the hope that they might thus be able to procure a win- 
dow made in America, from the designs of an American artist, that 
would equal the best results of the European workshops. In this they 
were to be disappointed, as the effort proved too experimental, it being 
the first attempt of the artist to produce work of that style and impor- 
tance. After waiting more than four years, and spending a considerable 
amount of money from which nothing came, the Committee applied to 
Messrs. Cottier & Co. for designs, which resulted in the production from 
their London house of the window which is now in Memorial Hall. 
where it was placed in May, 187!). 

Cost of present window $1,980.00 

Spent on first window 7'.'.").C><> 

Total expenditures on account of window . . $2,775.60 

The above expenditures were borne by the Class Fund. 

April 15, 1882, F. B. 



248 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

A circular which was prepared for the use of the glass makers is 
reprinted for its historical interest. 

Description of a Stained Glass Window to be made for the Memorial 
Hall, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 

The Class of 1857 intends placing in the Memorial Hall, connected 
with Harvard College, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, a window in 
memory of those Classmates who fell in the war. The Hall in which 
the window is to be erected is used as a dining-room, is one hundred 
and sixty-four feet long and sixty feet wide, and contains eighteen 
windows, all of which it is intended to fill, eventually, with stained 
glass. 

To preserve a proper harmony in the windows, it is proposed that 
they shall contain figures appropriate to the Hall in which they are 
placed ; and those of Sir Philip Sidney and Epaminondas have been 
selected for the window referred to, as illustrating Chivalry and 
Patriotism. The ventilators, as shown on the plans, are to have upon 
them representations of some appropriate ejjisode. A border is to be 
used, as indicated, which, in the case of the Sidney window, may prop- 
erly be Elizabethan in its character, while that in the Epaminondas 
window may be Grecian, for it is not considered necessary that the 
ornamentation of the two windows should be similar. The figures, as 
will be noticed, are to be about four feet ten inches in height, and the 
general style of the windows is to be essentially decorative, and not 
ecclesiastic, which is to be particularly avoided. 

A portrait of Sir Philip Sidney is to be found in Lodge's " Por- 
traits " (London, 1835, printed for Harding & Lepard). For his cos- 
tume, the 3d vol. of Mey rick's " Antient Armor " may be consulted, 
pp. 31, 39 (London, H. G. Bohn, 1842, 2d ed.) ; also, "Ancient 
Armor and Weapons in Europe," by John Hewitt (Oxford and Lon- 
don. John Henry and James Parker, 186(1), see plates 131, 132, 133, 
134, from the Roll of the funeral procession of Sir P. Sidney, by 
Thos. Lant (copies of the latter are in the Heralds' College and 
British Museum, London, C 21 f.). 

On the ventilator of this window is to be represented the death of 
Sir Philip Sidney, with the episode of his giving the water he was 
about to drink, to a wounded soldier. (See Lodge's ' ; Portraits," 
referred to above.) It is suggested that, in this, Sidney should be 
represented in full armor, while in the window above, the costume, as 



THE CLASS WINDOW. 249 

given in the portrait referred to, might be followed, ami completed from 
the plates in Hewitt. 

There is probably no accepted portrait of Epaminondas, and in this 
respect the figure must be fanciful, but it is important that the armor 
should be properly delineated, for which the work of Thos. Hope, on 
-The Costumes of the Ancients" (London, II. < ;. Bohn, 1841). may 
be consulted. 

On the ventilator, under the figure of Epaminondas, the story of the 
Spartan matron giving the shield to her son is to be represented. (See 
(irote's History of Greece, vol. 2, p. 529, London, John Murray, 
1849.) Upon the shield, or over the picture, might be placed the 
Greek inscription,"?; ravrav rj eiri ruvra; and the inscription, "Thy 
necessity is yet greater than mine," might be put on the Sidney venti- 
lator. (For the costumes, see Hope's work above referred to.) 

The authorities for costume, mentioned above, are intended as sug- 
gestive rather than restrictive, and are not to be considered as limiting 
the designer. Anachronisms are to be avoided. 

In the trefoil between the windows is to be inserted the inscription, 
"The Class of 1857"; and on the lower edge, as indicated on the 
diagram, the words, ''In Memory of those Classmates who fell in the 
War " ; and if space allows, there (and if not, in some appropriate 
place), " Erected A.D. 1875." 

The position of the window being on the southern side of the build- 
ing, it will be exposed to the strongest uninterrupted sunlight, which, 
it should be noted, is of much greater intensity than that prevailing 
generally in Europe, and should be constantly considered in determin- 
ing the tones of color to be used in the construction of the window. 
In general the mediaeval colors will be preferred. 



CLASS SUBSCRIPTION FUND. 



The Class Subscription Fund was set on foot in 1869 for the purpose 
of providing the University with a fund the income of which could he 
used at the discretion of the University government for any purpose 
except the erection and repairs of buildings. By the terms of sub- 
scription it was to be held by Messrs. William Gray, A. A. Lawrence, 
and H. S. Russell, as Trustees, and, as often as it reached $50,000, 
was to be paid over to the Corporation ; and $100,000 has thus been 
paid. Upon the payment of the last $50,000, which was on Com- 
mencement, 1874, it was determined in future to transfer the sub- 
scriptions to the College in sums of $20,000. 

The Classes of 1828 and 1841 gave to this fund their separate Class 
funds. 

Our Class contributed to the Class Subscription Fund the sum of 
si. 1)20. 



STATISTICS OF THE CLASS. 



PRESENT OCCUPATIONS AND ADDRESSES OF LIVING MEMBERS. 



Bacon, Grenville . . 
Barnard, George M 
Bartlett, Francis . . 
Blake, Stanton . . 
Brooks, Shepherd . . 
Brown. Francis II. 
Builaid, W. K. . . . 
Clark, Joseph H. . . 
Converse, J. H. . . . 
Dearborn, John L. 
Dorr, Samuel . . 
Dyer, Ezra .... 
Elliott, W. H. . . . 
Fisher, Aron E. . . 
Fisher, Horace N. . . 
Forster, George H. 
French, Francis 0. 
Goldsmith, William G. 
Ciorely, Charles P. 
Gorham, George . . 
Haven, Franklin . . 
Hayes, Augustus A 
Higginson, James J. 
Hodges, T. D. . . . 
Holt, Jacob F. . . . 
licit on, Charles P. . 
Lincoln, Solomon 
Long, John D. . . . 
Mapes, Charles V. . 
May, Joseph . . . 
Morse, B. M., Jr. . . 
Newell, Samuel . . 
Ranlett, D. D. . . . 
Richards, Eben . . 
Bopes, John C. . . 
Bunkle, J. G. . . . 
Searle, George M. . 
Smith, B. 1). . 
Sowdon, Arthur J. C. 
Stackpole, J. L. . . 
Stevens, II J. . . . 

SI I ^ i n ingstoD . . 

Storrow, J.J. . . . 



Druggist and Physician . . 

\ "i in business 

Lawyer 

Not in business 

\<>i in business 

l'h\ sician 

Physician 

Lawyer 

Clergyman and Teacher . . 
Not in business ....... 

Unknown '. . . 

Physician 

Physician 

Not in business 

Not in business 

Lawyer 

Not in business 

Teacher 

Lawyer 

Lawyer 

Actuary New Eng. Trust Co. 
Sec'y Brush Electric Light Co, 

Hanker 

Lawyer 

Ph\ sician 

Wholesale Coal Dealer . . . 

Lawyer 

Governor 

Manuf ' r. Superphosphates, &c. 

Clergyman 

Law \ i r 

Lawj er 

Treas. Central Vermont I! 11. . 

Not in business 

Lawyer 

Lawyer 

Clergyman 

Lawyer 

Not in business 

Lawyer ... 

Lawyer 

Dep. U.S. Fish Com. Pacific Coast 
Lawyer 



91, Sliawnuit Avenue, Boston, Ma 
Somerset Cluli. Boston, Mass. 

13, Exchange SI reel , I'.oston, Mass. 
30, Kilby Street, I'.oston, .Mass. 

92, Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 
Hotel Lyndeboro'j Boston, Mass. 
Helena, Montana. 

411, Olive Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Bristol, R.I. 

Harrison Square, Boston, Mass. 

44, Oak Street, Louisville, K\. 

30, Sixth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Savannah, Ga. 

186, Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

36, High St., Chariest. ,wn. Boston, Ms. 

58, Wall Street, New York. 

33, W. Thirty-seventh St., New York. 

A in lover, Mass. 

4, Pemberton Square, Boston, Mass. 

Buffalo, N.Y. 

85, Devonshire Street. Boston, Mass. 

112, E. Twenty-fifth St., New York. 

24, Pine Street, New York. 

BIO, Broadway, New York. 

1935,- Poplar Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

16, Kilby Street, Boston, Mass. 

Bialto Building, Boston, Mass. 

State House, Boston, Mas-;. 

loS, Front Street, New York. 

1306, Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

57, Equitable Building. Boston, Mass. 

41, Pine St reel . New York. 

St. Albans, Vt. 

St. Louis, Mo. 

10, State Street, Boston, Mass. 

Albany.N.Y. [& Ninth U„\l 

House Paulist Fathers, Fifty-ninth St. 

13, Exchange Street, Boston, Mass. 

9, Tremont Place, Boston, Mass. 
35, ' ongress Street. Boston, Mass. 

19, Cod Boston, Mass. [N.H. 

Baird, Shasta Co.,Cal., & Charlcstown, 

10, State Street. Boston, Mass. 



252 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Walcott, Charles F. 
Wells, Samuel . . 
Whitman, George L. 
W I, Horatio . . 

Bubier, John E. 
i Jarriere, Ernile L. 
Currier, S. E. D. . 
Goddard, E. A. . . 
Little, William C. . 
Rhett, Hon. John T. 
Rowland, Edmund 



Lawyer 39, Court Street, Boston, Mass. 

Lawyer 31, Pemberton Square, Boston, Mass. 

Cotton and Woollen Goods Com. 40 & 42, Leonard St., New York. 
Not in business Lowell, Mass. 

Dealer in Ornamen'l Iron Works 23, Exchange Street, Boston, Mass. 

President Citizens' Bank . . New Orleans. La. 

Lawyer 2, Cedar Street, Roxbury, Mass. 

;yman Westboro', Mass. 

Lumber Dealer Oakland, Cal. 

Lawyer and Mayor Columbia, S.C. 

Clergyman Clifton, Cincinnati, 0. 



MARRIAGES. 



Bacon 
Barnard 
Bartlett . 

Brooks . 
Brown . 

Bullard . 
Converse 
Dearborn 
Dorr . . 
Dyer . . 
Elliott . 
Fisher, H. 

*Folsom 
Forster . 
Flench . 
Goldsmith 
Gorham 

■i . over . 
Hayes . 
Higginson 
Hodges . 
•Hood . 
Lincoln . 
Long 
Mapes . 
.May . . 
Morse 
Newell . 
*Parkman 
Ranlett . 
Richards 
Runkle . 
Smith 
Stackpole 
•Starr . 
Stevens, 11 
Stone 
Storrow . 

Walcott . 



Sarah M. Dove 
Ellen Russell . 
*Marianna II. Slater 
Clara Gardner 
*Louisa B. Eaton 
Mary S. Wood . 
Mary X. Oilman . 
Jane B Jones 
Sarah A. Smith . 
Jane McEllroy 
Lucy M. Kempton 
Sidney E. Stiles . 
Kia Mason . . . 
Ellen H. Brown . 
*Susan C. Jackson 
Constance Atherton 
Ellen Tuck . . 
Joanna B. Holt . 
•Emily A. Hall . 
Ellen Marvine 
Anna M. Porter . 
Emily R. Fuller . 
Margaret B. Gracie 
Mary W. Bowen . 
Emma J.. Calvert 
Ellen B. Hayden 
•Mary W. Glover 
Martha M. Halstead 
•Harriet C. Johnson 
Anna 1]. Gorham 
Mary L. Marshall 
Nannie Beirne 
Ellen A. Brown . 
Caroline B. Maxwell 
Ella Ramsay . . 

I ' . 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 < ■ ('. Weston 
Martha W. Parsons 
Mary Emlen . . 
Helen M. Granger 

lleliccca S. dishing 
♦Annie M. Perrj 
Anne E. Dexter . 
Anna M. Wy man 



Roxbury. Mass. . 
Boston, Mass 
Norwich, Conn. . 
Boston, Mass. 
Salem, Mass. . . 
Auburn, N.Y. 
Helena, Mon. 
Natchez, Miss. 
Exeter, N.H. . . 
Allentown, Pa. . 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



Charles town, Mass. 
Providence, R.I. 
Boston, Mass. . . 
New York, N.Y. . . 
Exeter. N.H. . . . 

Buffalo, N.Y. . . 
Auburn, N.Y. . . 
Lawrence, Mass. 



Elizabeth. X.I. . . 
Cambridge, Mass. . 
Louisville, Ky. . . 
Haydenville, Mass. 
Hingham, Mass. 
Xewark. X..T. . . 
Washington, D.C. . 
Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
West Newbury, Mass 

— W. Ya 

Charlestown, Mass 
Louisville, Ky. . . 
Albany. N.Y. . . 
Washington, D.C. 
Cambridge, Mass. . 
Philadelphia, Pa 
Pittsford, Yt. . . 
Charlestown, N.H. . 
Andover, Mass. . . 
Brookline, Mass. 
Cambridge, Mass. . 



22 February, 1858. 

28 December, 1865. 
31 March, 1869. 

10 December, 1872. 
24 September, 1861. 

23 March, 1871. 

22 July. 1-;:.'. 

■J) October, 1868. 
13 November, 1862. 
17 May, 1873. 
H September, 1863. 
27 March, 1862. 

13 November, 1865. 

12 .Inly, 1860. 

S January, 1867. 
17 October, isr,7. 
5 March, 1861. 

29 March, 1865. 

24 October, 1860. 

14 June, 1866. 

24 March, 1860 

10 April, 1871. 

11 November, 1869 

25 April, 1867. 

23 November, 1858. 

15 February. 1865. 

13 September, 1870. 
■i:, . i one, 1863. 

24 October, 1865. 

12 November, 1863 
1 M,v, 18(57. 
January, 1861 

23 August, 1865. 

30 March. L859. 
4 June, 1863. 
30 July, 1863. 

3 March, L863 

12 June. 1869. 

23 September, 1863. 

s April, IS7,-,. 

August, 1861. 

12 September, 1873 

7 October. lSt;:j. 



STATISTICS OF THE CLASS. 



253 



Wells . . . 
•Whitman, A. 
Whitman, G. L. 



•Bradt . 
Bubier . 
Carrier© 
Currier . 
Qoddard 
Little . 
■'Macbeth 
Rhett . 



Robv . . 
Rowland 
•Stevens, E. N. 

•Ware . . . 



Catharine B. Ga itt . 

Frances I. Guthrie . . 
Charlotte II. Chandler 

Julia Burnham . . . 

Harriet Severance . . 

Eugenie M. Gerard . . 

M. L. J. Perry . . . 

Helen M. Seward . . 

Sarah I'. Watkins . . 
Rene Ravenel . . 

•Hannah C. McCord . 

Emily II. Barnwell . . 



Boston, Mass. 
Mt. Union, 0. . 
Thompson, Conn. 

Lowell, Mass. 



New Orleans, La. 
Roxbury, Mass. . 
West Roxbury, Mass 
Morris town, N.J. 



Columbia, S. C. 
Columbia, S.C. 



11 June, 1863. 

29 December, 18G3. 

31 March, 1868. 

June, 1866. 

.lime, 1-1. 

L5 October, 1866. 
29 December, 1864. 
3 December, 1856. 
December, 1864. 
— is;:.. 
2 March, 1869. 
7 November, 1S77. 



Sophia M. Belknap . . . Hartford, Conn. 

*Susan E. Peters 

Anna M. Phipps 

Gustine Bennett . . . . Somerville, Mass 



10 October, 1860. 
29 January. IsiJJJ 
27 March, 1873. 
2 September, 1856. 



DEATHS. 

Alston 20 September, 1863 Greenville, S.C. 

Damon 30 November, 1859 Cambridge, Mass. 

De Saulles 4 June, 1863 Port Hudson, La. 

Dwight 4 May, 1863 Bayou Boeuf, La. 

Flagg 11 May, 1874 Troy, N.Y. 

Folsom 20 May, 18S2 Boston, Mass. 

Grover 20 January, 1884 Duvoll's Bluff, Ark. 

Hale 18 September, 1867 Badenweiler, Germany . 

Hollingsworth 8 August, 1859 Groton, Mass. 

Hood 20 October, 1865 Lynn, Mass. 

O'Connell 6 January, 1874 Santa Barbara, Cal. 

Lowell 12 October, 1882 Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Parkman 17 September, 1862 Sharpsburg, Md. 

Perkins 26 August, 1863 Morris Island, S.C. 

Ropes, F. C 15 September, 1809 . ...... Boston, Mass. 

Starr 1 September, 1881 Philadelphia, Pa. 

Welles 16 January, 1869 Boston, Mass. 

Whitman, A 7 November, 1881 St. Paul, Minn. 

Whittemore 17 September, 1862 Sharpsburg, Md. 

Willard 1 May, 1870 Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bell. 10 November, 1853 Somerville, Mass. 

Bradt 22 January, 1868 Lowell, Mass. 

Donham 25 February, 1857 Cambridge, Mass. 

Hunter 23 September, 1863 Washington, D.C. 

Jackson 11 December, 1875 

Macbeth April, 1880 

Roby 25 December, 1870 

Stevens, H. N I May, 1876 North Andover, Mass. 

Ware 5 March, 1864 



Bacon 



Barnard 



Grenville . . . 
Charles Herbert 
Alice Hayward . 
Sarah Livingston 
Maria Russell 



BIRTHS. 



born 13 January, 1859. 
born 20 December, 1862 ; 
born 14 October, 1869. 
born 19 November, 1866. 
born 10 October, 1868 
33 



died 2 January, 1868. 



254 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Bartlett . . 








Elizabeth Slater . 




Brooks . 








Gorham .... 




Brown . . 


Edith 




Bullard . . 


. . Clara Gertrude . 
John Gilman 


• . 


Converse 


. Agnes Howard . . 
Arthur Freeman 










Dearborn . 


. Samuel Stephen 
Elizabeth King . . 
William Langdon . 






George Knight . . 




Dyer . . . 


. Ezra Francis . . . 




Elliott . . 


. Henry 






Edward Stiles . . 


m 




Clelia Peronneau . . 






Wallace McQueen . 






Phcebe Herbert . . 






William Mackay 






Katherine Vernon . 




Fisher, H. N. . 


. Francis Mason . . 
Sarah Goddard . . . 




Flagg . . . 
Folsom . 










Forster . . . 


. Henry Atherton 
Reginald Hathaway 
Constance Edith . . 
Frederic Everard 
Ada Atherton . . . 


i 


French . . . 


. Elizabeth Richardson 

Benjamin Brown . . 
Ellen 




Goldsmith . . 


. Clara Gleason . . 




Gorham . . 


. Emily Grace . . . . 
Frances Perry . . 












Mary Parsons . . . 






Margaret Robertson 


. 


Haves . . . 


. Florence Rowan . . 




Higginson . . 


. Margaret Grade . . 
Elizabeth Bethune . . 
Dorothy Lee . . . . 


' 


Hydges . . . 


. Mabel Thorndike . . 
Charles Bowen . . . 

Richard Osgood . . 





born 3 September, 1870. 

born 27 July, 1872 ; died 16 February, 1881. 

born 30 December, 1875. 

born 19 June, 1881. 

born 2 December, 1862 ; died 4 December, 1862. 

born 16 December, 1864. 

born 7 September, 1877. 

born 11 December, 1S73. 

born 12 October, 1871. 

born 31 May, 1873 ; died 4 August, 1874. 

born 4 August, 1874. 

born and died 17 February, 1876. 

born 26 July, 1878. 

born 15 October, 1863. 

born 4 April, 1865. 

born 1 February, 1867- 

born 27 March, 1868. 

born 9 October, 1872. 

bom 20 July, 1864. 

born 10 August, 1863. 

born 3 November, 1865. 

born 19 September, 1867. 

born 14 March, 1870 ; died 7 June, 1872. 

bom 19 April, 1871. 

bum 1 November, 1873. 

born 16 January, 1881 ; died 12 December, 1881. 

born 20 September, 1866: died 7 April, 1882. 

born 1 August, 1868. 

born 13 March, 1870. 

born 12 January, 1872. 

bum 7 June, 1863. 

born 16 November, 1867. 

born 26 September, 1868. 

born 26 July, 1870 : died August, 1872. 

born 2<; October, 1872 ; died August, 1874. 

born 9 December, 1*74. 

born 10 February, 1877 ; died 19 April, 1882. 

born 17 December, 1861. 

born 20 July, 1863. 



born 26 January, 1872 ; 
born 15 June, 1879. 
born 16 February, 1866 : 
born 29 May, 1874. 
born 23 August, 1861. 
born 17 March, 1867. 
born 6 January, L869. 
born 1 November, 1870. 
born 21 June, 1875. 
born 29 May, 1877. 
born 26 November, 1872. 
born 19 January, 1872. 
born 5 June, 1875. 
born 7 August, 1878. 
born 30 January, 1868. 
born 29 June, 1870. 
born 14 .July, 1872. 
born 1 April, 1877. 



died 4 February, 1873. 



died 4 March, 1873. 



STATISTICS OF THE CLASS. 



255 



Hood 



Lincoln 
Long 



Ma pes 



May 



Morse 



Newell . 

Ranlett . 
Richards 



Runkle . 

Smith . 



Stackpole . 



Starr 



Stevens, H. J. 



Stone . . 
Storrow . . 



in i Hermiono 
Rally Monks . 

Persia Call 
Child . . . 
Bessie . . . 
Daughter . . 
Margaret . . 
Helen . . . 
Charles Halsted 
James Jay . . 
Herbert Spencer 

Victor Ko\ le . 
i live Harbeck 
Lucretia 
John Edward 
Sarab . . . 
William Ropes 
Mabel . . . 
Arthur Gorham 
Harold . . . 
Mice Gorham 

Sarah Clark . 

Robert Gorham 

Margaret Fesseuden 

Samuel . . 

Marshall . . 

Gerrish . . 

Lizzie . . . 

Edith Helen . 

Helen Augusta 

< 1 race . . . 

Carrie Louisa 

Eben . . . 

Theoline Tilden 

Mary . . . 

Ethel . . . 

Grace . . . 

Robert Dickson 

Alice . . . 

Melville Weston 

Pauline Cony 

Elizabeth Virginia 

Alice . . . 

Joseph Lewis 

James . . 

George Emlen 

Ellen . . . 

Lydia . . . 

Theodore Ducoin 

Gertrude Mead 

Mary Sweetser 

Georgia Lydia, 

1 [elen Granger 
Isabella Abbot 

Edmund Cushin 

Elizabeth Randolph 

James Jackson 

Samuel . . . 



i.orn December, 1869. 

born September, 1861. 

born 8 .inly. 1868; died 16 January, I 

born and died June, L865. 

bom 28 June, 1868. 

born and died 28 .l.iuuai \ , L872. 

born 28 October, is;;;, 
bum 16 June, is;."., 
bom s June, 1864. 
bom 17 January, 1866. 
born 28 February, i- 
born Hi March, L870. 
bom 9 September, 1878. 
bom 10 November, 1 
born 23 March, 1868. 
bom 17 January, 1870. 

born 19 January, 1874. 

born 10 August, L864. 

bi rn L5 October, 1865; died i:, October, 1866. 

born 13 September, 180V) ; died 1 September, 1868. 

born In November, 1867. 

born 12 August, 187'j. 

born 23 August, 1874. 

born 28 November, 1877. 

born 2 September, 1869. 

born 2 April, 1871. 

born 26 May, 1873. 

born IS June, 1874. 

born 14 December, 1871 ; died 1 June, 1872. 

born 15 May, 1878. 

born 1 March, 1860. 

born 28 September, 1863. 

born 10 January, 1866. 

born 23 January, 1869. 

born 28 January, 1875. ■ 

born 4 November, 1878. 

born 3 June, 1867. , 

born 8 May, 1864. 

born 10 November, 1868. 

born 21 May, 1870; died 14 May, 1S80. 

born 8 August, 1873. 

born 14 January, 1865. 

born 6 June, 1866. 

born 16 November, 1874. 

born 5 April, 1870. 

born 23 October, 1871. 

born 12 May, 1873. 

born 18 May, 1876. 

born 14 January, ISS0. 

born 4 July, 1861. 

born 13 May, 1867. 

born 8 May, 1870. 

bom 5 April, 1876. 

born 8 March, 1882. 
born 18 August, 1862. 
bom 21 January , 1864. 
born 19 February, 186'. 



256 



THE CLASS OF 1857. 



Walcott . 




• 


Wells . 


• 


• 


Whitman, 


A. 


• 


Whitman, 


G. 


L 


Carriers 


# 




Currier . 




• 


Goddard 







Little 



Rhett 



Roby .... 
Rowland . . 

Stevens, H. N. 



Ware 



Anstaee born 9 February, 1867. 

Charles born 30 August, 1870. 

Stiles Gannett .... born 7 December, 1864. 

Samuel born 17 January, 1869. 

Louisa Appleton . . . born 23 December, 1872. 

Frank Emerson . . . born December, 1860. 

Mary Allen born January, 1872 ; died June, 1872. 

George McKean Folsom . born June, 1878 ; died April, 1880. 

Mabel born 28 February, 1869. 

Maud born 18 February, 1870. 

Has had seven children. 

Annie Josephine . . . born 9 January, 1868; died 23 August, 1868 

Gertrude Frances . . . born 11 February, 1874 ; died 5 November, 1879. 

Sarah Louise .... born 9 September, 1857. 

George Louis .... born 16 March, 1860. 

Susie March born 31 May, 1865. 

Edward Augustus . . . born 5 February, 18G9. 

Helen Elizabeth . . . born 15 January, 1872. 

William Leonard . . . born 12 May, 1875. 

Helen Watkins .... born 8 June, 1866. 

William Herper .... born 29 April, 1868. 

Joseph Moss born 21 July, 1871. 

Caroline Halsted . . . born 9 July, 1873. 

Weare Coffin born 25 INovember, 1878. 

Hannah McCord . . . born 28 February, 1871. 

Sarah Taylor born 14 October, 1872. 

Eliza Barnwell .... born 27 August, 1878. 

Albert born 3 October, 1879. 

Child born - died — 

Elsie born 10 February, 1863. 

Ethel born 30 December, 1865. 

William O born 19 August, 1864. 

Kate H born 13 December, 1865. 

John P born 2 February, 1868. 

Fannie H born 22 April, 1869. 

Sue P born 23 August, 1871. 

Horace N born 23 August, 1871 ; died 25 August, 1871. 

Horace W born 3 August, 1874. 

George Henry .... born : died 5 March, 1864. 



THE TWENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY OF 

THE CLASS. 



ON the evening preceding Commencement, 27 June, 1882, 
thirty members of the Class and three temporary mem- 
bers dined together at the Union Club, in Boston. Before 
taking seats at the table, a business meeting of the Class .was 
held, at which resolutions were presented commemorative of 
the deaths of Folsom and A. Whitman. The Class elected 
for its Secretary, in place of Folsom, Francis H. Brown. 

Long presided at the dinner. Converse invoked the Divine 
blessing. The Class sat in the following order : — 



L 


ong. 


Converse. 


Whitman, G. L 


Lincoln. 


Staekpole. 


Gorham. 


Runkle. 


Stone. 


Morse. 


Fisher, H. N. 


Dyer. 


T* T 


Blake. 


lAIapes. 


Dearborn. 


Holt. 






Bacon. 


Newell. 


Bnbier. 


Currier. 


Bartlett. 


Barnard. 


Goddard. 


Walcott. 


Wells. 


Hayes. 


Haven. 


Ranlett. 


Hiwginson. 


Browu. 


Sowdon. 


May. 


French. 



Smith. 



258 THE CLASS OF 1857. 

After about three hours' devotion to the menu, the Class was 
called to order by the presiding officer, who welcomed the mem- 
bers, one and all, in well-chosen words. He introduced the 
new Secretary, who gave in detail a variety of interesting 
information regarding the Class and its present and absent 
members. He was followed by Converse, Currier, French, 
Goddard, Hayes (who gave us some songs and described the 
doings of the celebrated Prof. Beyer troupe), Higginson 
(songs), Mapes, Holt, Stone, and others. Bubier, of the 
temporary men, gave us two of his poems of long years ago. 

Bartlett proposed that he should be allowed to resign the 
position of Trustee of the Class Fund, but he was strongly 
urged not to persist in this wish. The thanks of the Class 
were unanimously tendered him for his faithful, devoted, and 
successful services. It was voted unanimously that the deed 
of trust executed b} r Bartlett, under date of 27 June, 1882, be 
ratified by the Class. The Class separated at midnight, after 
joining hands and singing Auld Lang Syne. 

On Commencement Day, Bacon, Bartlett, Barnard, Brown, 
Converse, Dearborn, Dyer, H. N. Fisher, French, Gorham, 
Haven, Hayes, Higginson, Holt, Lincoln, Long, Mapes, May, 
Morse, Newell, Runkle, Smith, Sowdon, Stackpole, Stone, 
Walcott, and Wells, with Bubier, Currier, and Goddard, met 
at H'y 22, and passed a pleasant hour. His Excellency Gov- 
ernor Long, with His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor and the 
full Staff, were present. Members of the Class paid their 
respects to the Chief Marshal of the day, Haven ; helped to 
elect Lincoln to the Overseers ; and then sat down at the tables 
in Memorial Hall. The Class of 1857 was handsomely toasted 
by the chairman, Lee (1836). The compliment was gracefully 
responded to by His Excellency the Governor, and by Morse. 

Thus closed the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Class 
of Fifty-Seven. 



SHELF No. 



I Sept., 1882, 20,000.] 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



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