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Full text of "Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor for the fiscal year ended .."

BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



REPORT OF 

THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES 
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1910 

AND 

SPECIAL PAPERS 



GEORGE M. BOWERS 



commissioner 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1911 



CONTENTS. 



Report op the Commissioner op Fisheries for the fiscal year ended June 30, 
1910. Document 734, 40 p. (Issued November 25, 1910. ) 

The distribution of fish and fish eggs during the fiscal year 1910. Document 
740, 112 p. (Issued June 1, 1911.) 

Dredging and hydrographic records of the U. S. Fisheries Steamer Albatross 
during the Philippine expedition, 1907-1910. Document 741, 98 p (Issued 
November 29, 1910. ) 

Condition and extent of the natural oyster beds of Delaware. By H. F. Moore. 
Document 745, 30 p., 1 chart. (Issued February 10, 1911.) 

The fisheries of Alaska in 1910. By Millard C. Marsh and John N. Cobb. Docu- 
ment 746, 72 p. (Issued April 19, 1911.) 

Special investigation of the Alaska fur-seal rookeries, 1910. By Harold Heath. 
Document 748, 22 p. (Issued November 10, 1911. ) 

The fur-seal fisheries of Alaska in 1910. By Walter I. Lembkey. Document 
749, 40 p. (Issued November 8, 1911.) 

The salmon fisheries of the Pacific coast. By John N. Cobb. Document 751, 
180 p. (Issued November 25, 1911.) 



FEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES 
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1910 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 734 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

General considerations 5 

Propagation of food fishes 6 

Extent of work 6 

Review of operations - 7 

New stations and improvements 11 

Acclimatization and results of fish culture 12 

Fish-cultural relations with States and foreign countries 13 

Biological inquiries and experiments 15 

Oyster investigations and surveys 15 

Pearl-mussel investigations 16 

Experiments in sponge culture 17 

Study of fish diseases 17 

Other inquiries and experiments 18 

Marine biological laboratories 19 

Alaska salmon service 19 

Alaska fur-seal service 21 

The fishery industries 22 

Statistics and methods of the fisheries 22 

Shad and alewife fisheries 27 

Investigation of the mackerel fishery 28 

Fisheries of Mississippi 31 

Miscellaneous activities 33 

Relations with other government bureaus 33 

International fishery matters 33 

Employment of vessels 34 

Publications and library 35 

Appropriations 35 

Recommendations 36 

Reorganization of personnel 36 

Salaries and personnel 36 

Sponge law 37 

Extension of fish culture 38 

Laboratory for the study of fish diseases 39 

Fishery intelligence service 40 

New building 40 

3 



REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Bureau of Fisheries, 
Washington, August 24, 1910. 
Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith a report of the opera- 
tions of the Bureau of Fisheries for the fiscal year ended June 30, 
1910. 

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 

This Bureau was organized as the United States Fish Commission 
in February, 1871, and on June 30, 1910, therefore, it completed the 
fortieth fiscal year of its existence. Originally clothed solely with 
functions of investigation and inquiry into the reputed or real de- 
crease in the food fishes of the coastal and interior waters, it soon 
manifested that it could perform important service in actually increas- 
ing the supply of such fishes. In recognition of this fact acts of Con- 
gress from time to time have enlarged the functions of the Bureau 
until to-day the purely practical work of increasing and conserving 
aquatic food resources through cultural and experimental operations 
has become the dominant feature of the Bureau's activities. 

For a long while wholly relieved of executive control of the 
fisheries by reason of the constitutional reservation of that right to 
the States, the Bureau recently has been invested with the adminis- 
tration of the important fisheries of Alaska, including the entire 
control of the Pribilof Islands and the fur-bearing animals of the 
Territory at large. 

The steady increase in* the volume and importance of the Bureau's 
work has been especially rapid in the past ten years, and the fiscal 
year just closed, which witnessed a drastic change in the control of 
the seal herd, has added considerably to the sum of the Bureau's 
duties. The probable adoption of joint international regulations 
in respect to the fisheries of the waters contiguous to our northern 
boundary presents the possibilitj 7, of a great enlargement of the 



6 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



Bureau's executive functions in the near future. Each year brings 
increasing demands from the several States for aid and advice in 
>ect to the drafting of laws and regulations, the establishment 
of state fishery services, and the best measures for the conservation 
and development of fishery resources, and the Bureau feels that, its 
influence for good in matters relating to the fisheries is yearly becom- 
ing more important. The salient features of the work during the 
fiscal year are exhibited in the following pages. 

PROPAGATION OF FOOD FISHES. 

EXTENT OF WORK. 

It is gratifying to be able to record another successful year in fish- 
cultural work. Methods have not varied appreciably from those of 
former years, and attention has been directed principally to enlarg- 
ing the output. 

The widespread and increasing interest taken in the Bureau's 
work by people in all sections of the country and the growing con- 
ception of the benefits resulting from the stocking of public and 
private waters are manifested by the large number of applications for 
fish received during the year, the number being 10,635, an increase of 
523 over 1909. . 

Work was conducted at 35 permanent stations and 86 field and col- 
lecting stations, located in 32 States. With reference to the fishes 
propagated, the regular hatcheries may be classified as follows: 
.Marine species, 3 ; river fishes of the eastern seaboard, 5 ; fishes of the 
Pacific coast, 5 ; fishes of the Great Lakes, 7 ; fishes of the interior, 15. 

The results of fish culture depend largely upon climatic conditions, 
the most elaborate and carefully executed plans ending in success or 
failure according to the state of the weather in the spawning season. 
In 1910 these conditions were generally unfavorable, resulting in the 
curtailment of egg collections of most of the important species, but 
owing to the superior quality of the majority of the eggs obtained, 
the Bureau was able to exceed its record year of 1909 by 126,800,000, 
or 4 per cent, the total output of fish and eggs being in excess of 
3,233,000,000. This was accomplished without increased funds, the 
available appropriations being the same as in the preceding two 
years, and was made possible largely through the faithful and effi- 
cient service rendered by the Bureau's employees in their several 
lines of work. 

The following is a table summarizing the distribution of fish and 
fish eggs for the year. Of these, 443,177,000 eggs and 7,425 fish were 
delivered to various state fish commissions, and 600.000 eggs of salmon 
and trout were shipped to foreign countries. 






REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 7 

Summary of Distribution of Fish and Eggs, Fiscal Year ended June 30, 1910. 



Species. 






■■fish 



Whirefish 

Lake herring 

Silver salmon 

Chinook salmon 

Blueback salmon. . . 

Steelhead trout 

Humpback salmon.. 

Rainbow trout 

Atlantic salmon 

Landlocked salmon. 
Blackspotted trout.. 
Loch Leven trout. . . 

Lake trout 

Brook trout 

Sunapee trout 

■Grayling 

Pike 



Pickerel 

Crappie and strawberry bass . 

Rock bass 

Warmouth bass 

Smallmouth black bass 

Largemouth black bass 

Sunfisb ( breum) 

Pike perch 

Yellow perch 

Striped bass 

White bass 

White perch 

Yellow bass 



Smelt 

Mackerel 

Freshwater dram 

Cod 

Pollock 

Haddock ■. 

Flatfish 

Lobster 



Eggs. 



2,100,000 

55, 428, 000 

1,440,000 

375,000 

37,531,417 

100,000 

250,000 



530, 494 

5,000 

115,000 

2, 748, 550 



10,210,01)1) 
516,000 



Total 474, 295, 401 



25,000 



321,455,000 

5,200,000 



16,500,000 



4,500,000 



780,000 



Fry. 



89,076,000 

70,300,000 

10,918,025 

16,342,556 

121,130,995 

3, 570, 287 

1,368,000 

552,716 

1,217,366 

985,040 

1,765,834 



33,649,622 
7, 405, 545 

171,029 
81,000 



537,600 



2,7S4,000 



338,4.80,000 
"""808,066 



764,000 



210,351,000 

38,140,000 

712,000 

930,755,000 



22,310,215 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



544,350 

22,710 
201,475 



67, 525 

21,719,600 

179, 718 



1,771,128 

304, 364 

68,248 
4,286,150 

4,228,461 



18 

500 
414,477 
69,985 

792 
113,305 

345,035 

4, 76!) 

109,245 



6,050 
""256' 



9,000 

'ii.'oso' 






2,052 



544, 350 
22,710 

201,475 

251,392,000 

71,7: 
11,29 

•41,498 

3,^ 

1,461 

1,404,404 

• 538 

68,248 

15,772 

12, 1 

171,029 

43,300 

500 

414,477 

792 

345,635 

476,484,760 

'•4,245 

7,350,000 

250 

808,000 

4,509,000 

I 
11,950 

220, 2i- 

1 40; 000 

712,000 

■•",000 



36,326,896 3,233 



REVIEW OF OPERATIONS. 

The conspicuous increases in the output of fish and eggs over the 
year 1909 were in blueback, silver, and Atlantic salmons, lake trout, 
lake herring, yellow perch, shad, cod, flatfish, and steelhead trout, 
the production of the latter three species exceeding all previous 
records. 

There was a slight decrease from last year in the number of chinook 
salmon liberated from the Pacific coast stations. Notwithstanding 
a normal run in the Sacramento, the season at the California stations 
was the poorest for thirteen years, due partly to such low water that 
the fish were unable to ascend the tributary streams on which the 
hatcheries are located, and, later, to freshets which carried away the 
racks and permitted the impounded fish to escape, with the loss of 
millions of eggs. Two causes are at present militating against the 
increase of salmon in these streams — the increasing numbers of black 
bass, which prey upon the young salmon after planting, and the 



8 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

ascent of the fry by thousands into a recently constructed irrigating 
ditch, where they are left on the land to die. The only remedy that 
can be suggested is to plant the fry in the lower reaches of the rivers 
or establish a large hatchery at tide water, the latter method involv- 
ing less expense. Unless some action is taken the number of salmon 
in these rivers will decline rapidly. 

Taken as a whole, the work of the Oregon stations was satisfactory, 
although high water during the spawning of the chinook salmon 
shortened the season and reduced the collections to slightly below 
those of the previous year. 

At the Washington stations, where attention is devoted chiefly to 
the sockeye, humpback, and silver salmons and the steelhead trout, 
the work was augmented by the opening of two new field stations. 
In Alaska, where the sockeye salmon is propagated, the yield of the 
two hatcheries was. highly satisfactory, especially the Afognak sta- 
tion, operated for the first time this year. 

The lake-trout, whitefish, and pike-perch work of the Great Lakes 
stations, while not equal to that of some seasons, gave better results 
than had been anticipated in view of the obstacles encountered. Potent 
factors in the shortage at the Michigan stations were the unusually 
early spawning season, followed by unfavorable weather, and the 
necessity of complying with recently enacted state legislation, which 
stipulates that the operations of the Bureau must be supervised by the 
state fish and game warden's department and that all eggs must be 
taken and fertilized by fishermen licensed by that department, thus 
placing the work in the hands of inexperienced men. Compliance 
with the provisions of this law curtailed the output of North ville and 
its substations fully one-fourth. The law also prohibited pike-perch 
collections on the St. Clair River, one of the Bureau's most productive 
fields in past years. 

At the Duluth station the weather and other conditions were favor- 
able, permitting increased lake-trout work, but whitefish and pike- 
perch operations on Lake Erie were materially interfered with by 
storms, although the poor collections of the latter species were offset 
to a great extent by the superior quality of the eggs secured. 

The lobster output from the three marine stations was about equal 
to that of 1909. The impounded stock at the Boothbay Harbor sta- 
tion was stripped in April, and though the lobsters were in vigorous 
health the average yield of eggs was smaller than usual, due, it is 
believed, to their greater activity in the pound during the mild winter 
and the consequent shedding of many eggs. The construction of two 
substantial lobster pounds during the year places this station on a 
greatly improved basis. At the Gloucester and Woods Hole stations, 
which are not equipped with pounds, the lobsters collected during 
the fall are cared for in live cars through the winter. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 9 

The number of cod fry produced at these stations was nearly 
100,000,000 greater than in 1909, the greatest gain being at the Glouces- 
ter station, where more eggs than could be handled were obtained from 
fishing grounds in the vicinity. 

. The collection of flatfish eggs was the largest ever made by the 
Bureau, numbering 1,195,911,000, from which 930,755,000 fry were 
hatched and distributed. At Boothbay Harbor, where this work 
has only recently been undertaken, the output was increased 100 per 
cent over that of the previous year. 

Other marine species propagated included pollock at Gloucester, 
haddock at Boothbay Harbor, and mackerel and sea bass at Woods 
Hole. 

In view of the steady decline in the shad fishery in rivers tributary 
to the Atlantic for the past fifteen years, it is gratifying to be able 
to record an increased egg collection of this species and a correspond- 
ing increase in the output of fry. The results are attributable partly 
to recently enacted legislation regulating the methods of fishing in 
the Albemarle Sound and partly to an exceedingly early spring, 
which started the run of fish in the Potoniac River before the pound 
nets could be equipped, each factor permitting a larger number of 
fish than usual to ascend to the spawning grounds. 

On the Susquehanna River, at one time the Bureau's most produc- 
tive field, there was no improvement over recent years, emphasizing 
anew the destructive influences of unregulated fisheries and the neces- 
sity for concerted action by the States concerned if any practical 
results are to be obtained in the rehabilitation of this important 
fishery. 

White and yellow perch were again produced in considerable 
numbers at the station on the Susquehanna River, and on the Potomac 
River the output of yellow perch exceeded all previous records, due to 
the enlargement of facilities for propagating the species. 

Owing to the passage of a state law prohibiting the capture of 
striped bass by commercial fishermen during the spawning season, 
the Bureau was unable to secure eggs of this species at its California 
station in 1909, and as this law remains in force no attempt was 
made to conduct operations in 1910. The prospects are good for 
effective work with the striped bass in this field, and its propagation 
will be resumed in the event of a change in the law. 

As in previous years, most of the brook-trout eggs handled at 
the fisheries stations are purchased from dealers, this course having 
proved more economical in most sections of the country than reliance 
upon collections from waters available for the purpose. At present 
only two stations — one in New England and one in Colorado — 
obtain their supplies of eggs from wild fish, and the fields heretofore 



10 REPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

open to them are narrowing each year because of the encroachments 
of commercial fish culturists. In 1910 Wellington Lake and the 
Grand Mesa Lakes, heretofore the most productive sources of the 
Colorado station for eggs of the blackspotted, brook, and rainbow 
trout, had to be given up to private enterprise. 

The Bureau having been requested to undertake the propagation 
of the blackspotted trout on the Truckee River with the view of re- 
plenishing the stock, depleted through excessive fishing, a field station 
was established at Derby Dam, Nevada, in the winter of 1909-10. In 
a normal season several millions of eggs might have been obtained, 
but owing to low water in the river and the destruction of large num- 
bers of eggs by market fishermen the collections amounted to only 
1,371,900. These were hatched without unusual losses and the fry 
deposited in the river. It seems advisable to continue operations 
here next season, as it is apparently a promising field for fish-cultural 
work. 

Investigation of the streams in Yellowstone Park demonstrates 
the possibility of greatly extending operations with the black-spotted 
trout, and it is intended to increase the force of experienced men in 
this field with the view of making it a source of supply for the Lead- 
ville, Spearfish, and Bozeman stations. The work in the park during 
the past season was entirely satisfactory. 

Taken as a whole, the output of the basses, sunfish, and catfish 
from stations in various parts of the country was good, the improved 
results being largely due to increased knowledge of the factors 
governing the successful propagation of these species. The produc- 
tion of pond stations was supplemented by the collections on the 
Mississippi and Illinois rivers, where, in addition to securing suffi- 
cient bass and allied species for restocking many depleted waters, 
large numbers of other fishes were seined from shallow sloughs 
formed by the floods and returned to the main streams. If not re- 
moved, the fish would perish from drought or cold, and their rescue 
conserves a valuable local food resource. A new station established 
at Helena, Ark., late in the summer rescued over half a million fish. 

With the view of extending rescue operations over a larger ter- 
ritory, temporary collecting stations have been located at Caruthers- 
ville, Mo., and Rosedale, Miss., which will be made permanent auxil- 
iary stations if experience proves favorable. It is believed that 
similar inexpensive stations can be advantageously established at 
various points on the Mississippi River from New Orleans to St. 
Paul, as the field for this work is extensive and the number of fish 
that can be economically reclaimed from the drying sloughs and 
lakes is governed only by the amount of money available for the 
purpose. 

Although the propagation and general distribution of carp was dis- 
continued many years ago, the Bureau constantly receives applica- 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 11 

tions for this fish, and in instances where the waters described are 
unsuited to other species the requests are complied with by transfer- 
ring carp from other waters. In this connection it may be interest- 
ing to quote from the census records that in 1903 the total catch of 
carp in the United States was 18.942,70)3 pounds, valued at $442,255, 
and in 1908 the total catch was 42,763,100 pounds, valued at $1,135,390. 

NEW STATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS. 

Under authority of the act providing for two or more new fish- 
cultural stations on Puget Sound or its tributaries, a careful investi- 
gation has been made and two suitable sites decided on. As soon as 
title can be obtained construction will begin. 

At Holden, Vt., 24.3 acres of land were acquired for an auxiliary 
to the station at St. Johnsbury, the facilities of which were too lim- 
ited for the requirements of northern New England. 

The opportunities for fish-cultural and biological work in the val- 
ley of the upper Mississippi prompted Congress to authorize a station 
auxiliary to that at Fairport, Iowa, but to be more particularly 
devoted to propagation and the saving of fishes from overflowed lands. 
A site of about 31 acres was purchased at Homer, Minn., about 5 miles 
from Winona, and a pumping plant and ponds are now nearly com- 
pleted and other buildings begun. The station will be ready for oper- 
ation at an early date. 

Results in the past having warranted the extension of the station 
at Mammoth Spring, Ark., 10.5 additional acres have been purchased 
there for the construction of several large ponds, which will soon be 
ready for use. 

At the Fairport, Iowa, biological station much work in grading, 
construction of roads, and laying out ponds was done. A building 20 
by 50 feet, with pebble-clash finish, containing an office, storage room, 
and small laboratory equipped for experimental work in fresh-water 
mussel culture, was practically completed during the year. A pump- 
ing plant consisting of two gasoline engines and two centrifugal 
pumps was installed in a small frame building 20 by 30 feet constructed 
for that purpose. Eleven cement ponds (4 small ones, G of medium 
size, and 1 large one) were also constructed for practical experiments 
in mussel propagation. 

Improvements provided for by special appropriations were made 
at many of the stations. At Bozeman, Mont., cement hatching 
troughs were installed in place of wooden ones, in accordance with 
modern practice, and are giving excellent results. At Boothbay 
Harbor, Me., a coal house was built, the wharf extended and 
altered, and the dams at the lobster pound completed. At Erwin, 
Tenn., a new T hatchery was built on modern plans, the old one hav- 



12 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

ing become badly dilapidated and beyond repair. The new build- 
ing is a frame structure 32 by 72 feet on a concrete foundation, and 
contains besides the hatching room, equipped with cement troughs, 
an office and workrooms. The water-supply and drainage systems 
have also been improved and extended, and to a considerable degree 
built in concrete. At Duluth, Minn., a dwelling for the superin- 
tendent has been erected which is in harmony with the surrounding 
private structures of the city and adds to the efficiency and appearance 
of the reservation. It is a two-story frame structure 32 by 36 feet, 
containing 7 rooms and basement, with the necessary office facilities. 
At Greenlake, Me., the new road has been completed, facilitating 
the distribution of fish and eggs, shortening materially the distance 
over which it is necessary to haul supplies, and doing away in great 
part with unreliable boat transportation. At Neosho, Mo., the new 
pipe line providing an extra supply of water has been completed and 
connected with the hatchery and ponds in approved manner, and the 
woodwork about the ponds has been replaced by concrete. It is be- 
lieved there will be no further trouble with the water supply at this 
point for many years to come. 

At Leadville, Afognak, Yes Bay, and the Pribilof Islands no 
expenditures of importance have been made for account of special 
appropriations. 

The plans and specifications for the constructions described have 
been prepared in the office of the Bureau's architect and engineer 
and the work planned and supervised by him. In addition, various 
surveys have been made and plotted, and maps and charts of a special 
nature prepared. 

For fish-cultural work on Lake Erie, in connection with the Put- 
in-Bay station and to take the place of a boat obsolete and worn out. 
there was built a steel steamboat of the lake tug type 85 feet long, 
16 feet beam, and 8 feet 6 inches in depth. The vessel is equipped 
for the special requirements, has machinery and appliances of ap- 
proved design, and it is expected will be a valuable addition to the 
facilities of the Bureau. 

ACCLIMATIZATION AND RESULTS OF FISH CULTURE. 

After nearly forty years of endeavor to establish the chinook 
salmon of the Pacific coast in waters of the United States where it is 
not indigenous, conclusive evidence of success in one instance has come 
to hand. Within the past year it has been ascertained that the species 
has become established in Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire, where 
numerous specimens from 3 to 5 pounds in weight have been taken 
by anglers. This is undoubtedly the result of a plant made in 1904 
by the New Hampshire fish commission, the eggs having been sup- 
plied from the Bureau's hatchery at Baird, Cal. Encouraged by the 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



13 



outcome of this experiment, the Bureau made a plant of 40,000 finger- 
ling chinook salmon in Lake Champlain in the spring of 1010. 

There unquestionably has been an increase in Atlantic salmon in the 
Penobscot River, as evidenced by the results of the Bureau's opera- 
tions in 1910 compared Avith 1908 and 1909. Though receiving the 
catch of a smaller number of weirs the past season, the collection of 
spawning fish was twice as great as in 1909 and 60 per cent greater 
than in 1908. 

It is believed that owing to the planting of the species by the 
Bureau pike perch have become sufficiently abundant in the St. Law- 
rence River to warrant the collection of eggs at the Cape Vincent 
station, and plans will be made accordingly. The fishermen on Lake 
Ontario report that lake trout and whitefish, which have been planted 
extensively by the Bureau, are increasing rapidly, and that numbers 
of fishermen who were driven to other pursuits by the former deple- 
tion of the fishery are resuming operations. In 1908 the catch of 
these two species was 5,567 pounds, while in 1909 it increased to. 
12,532 pounds. A corresponding increase is shown in the take of 
pike perch in this lake. 

The following statistics show the increasing catch of the striped- 
bass fishery in California, the species having first been introduced 
from the Atlantic coast into the waters of that State in 1879 : 



Year. 


Pounds. 

16,296 
20,119 

30,674 
56,209 


Value. 


Year. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 


84,073 
4,021 
4,602 
6,488 


1893 

1899 

1904... 

1908 


252, 454 
1,234,320 
1,570,404 

1.77.-,. 7011 


$13,037 

lil, 814 
92,116 
134,660 



For a series of years it has been the custom at the Baird, CaL, 
station to select for spawning purposes large fish only, a practice 
which appears to be developing a larger breed of fish. Chinook 
salmon of the run of 1909 averaged 20 pounds in weight, an increase 
of about 3 pounds over the previous run. The possibilities of selective 
breeding are indicated by this experience. 

FISH-CULTURAL RELATIONS WITH STATES AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 

Several States still continue in force certain laws and regulations 
in respect to the fisheries which tend to curtail and hamper the activi- 
ties of the Bureau. In s*ome cases the States show a willingness to 
mitigate as far as possible the effects of laws which inadvertently 
interfere with the Bureau's work, but in one or two instances the 
legislative and executive attitude appears to be unreasonable if not 
hostile. 

With the States in general the relations of the Bureau have always 
been harmonious, and a system of cooperation has developed which 
59395°- -11 2 



14 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



has been mutually beneficial to the participants and advantageous to 
the public. Eggs taken and fertilized at the Bureau's stations are 
transferred to the state fish commissions, by which they are hatched 
and planted. The Bureau's expenses and difficulties in distribution 
are thereby reduced and simplified, and the superior local knowledge 
usually at the service of the state authorities is of value in indicating 
the most suitable localities in which to plant the fry. On Lake Erie 
the Ohio and Pennsylvania fishery authorities cooperated with the 
Bureau in the collection of eggs of the whitefish, lake cisco, and pike 
perch. 

As shown in the following table, the fish eggs allotted to the state 
commissions during 1910 aggregated over 443,000,000 and were sent 
into 17 States: 

Allotment of Fish Eggs to State Fish Commissions, Fiscal Year ended 

June 30. 1910.° 



State and species. 


Eggs. 


State and species. 


Eggs. 


California: 


28, 764, 467 

225, 000 

5, 200, 000 

500,000 

4,000,000 

S, 000, 000 

41,264 

20, 000 
5,000,000 
34, 280, 000 

100,000 

25, 000 

2,000,000 

550, 000 
500,000 

422,000 

100,000 


New York: 

Blackspotted trout 


50,000 




41,500 






15,000 






15, 000, 000 

100,000 
10, 000, 000 


Yellow perch 


North Dakota: 






Whitefish.. 


Ohio: 

Whitefish 






18,000.000 




Pike perch 

Oregon: 


170,725,000 

6,465,300 

175,000 


Michigan: 








Pennsylvania: 

Silver salmon 




Missouri: 


75, 000 
50,000 






31,428,000 






'1)0,000 


Monti 


Washington: 


50,000 
100,000 

4,500,000 

675,000 

443, 177,531 


Whitefish 




Nevada: 

Blackspotted trout 


Wisconsin: 


New Hampshire: 


Wyoming: 

Blackspotted trout 

Total 





" Also (hero were allotted to Michigan 3,500 lake trout, to Oregon 45 blackspotted 
trout, and to Wisconsin 3,880 lake trout, or a total of 7,425 fingerlings, yearlings, and 

adults. 



In response to requests coming through diplomatic channels the 
Bureau furnished eggs to the governments of foreign countries as 
follows : 



Country and species. 


Eggs. 


Country and species. 




Argentina: 

Chinook salmon 


200.000 
100,000 

100,000 
25,000 
50,000 


France: 




Silver salmon 

Sockeye salmon 


J ipan: 


110.000 


Landlocked salmon 




Lake trout 


Total 






•00,000 







REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 15 

BIOLOGICAL INQUIRIES AND EXPERIMENTS. 
OYSTEK INVESTIGATIONS AND SURVEYS. 

The field work of the survey of the public oyster beds of James 
River, Virginia, which was undertaken at the request of the governor 
and the fish commissioner of Virginia, was brought to a conclusion 
on September 15, the charts and report were finished on November 30, 
and the printed report was issued about February 1. This survey 
was designed to furnish definite data concerning the location, extent, 
and condition of the public grounds in the James and Nansemond 
rivers above Newport News and to provide a foundation for needed 
legislation by the State. The present boundary lines are based on 
the survey of 1892-1894, and their justice has long been a matter of 
contention, the oystermen claiming that much productive bottom was 
omitted from the public grounds, and the planters contending that 
a large area of barren bottom was included. The present survey 
could not demonstrate the validity of the first claim, as such bottoms, 
if they existed, have been long since occupied for planting purposes, 
but it was shown that about 58 per cent of the present area of the 
grounds consists of barren bottom and an additional 15 per cent 
bears oysters too sparsely scattered to be commercially valuable. Of 
the 26,408.4 acres surveyed, but 7,153 acres can be regarded as actually 
productive. It was found also that in certain places oyster planters 
have encroached on the public rocks, and it was evident that in other 
places adjoining the planted beds the rocks had been depleted by 
illicit operations. 

To release from the public grounds and throw open to rental a 
considerable area of the barren bottom and to rectify the boundary 
lines so as to permit adequate policing, the state fish commissioner 
had an enabling act introduced in the legislature at its latest session. 
To attain the ends sought, it unfortunately was necessary to exclude 
from the public grounds a small proportion of the productive bot- 
tom, and as the legislature held that this was in contravention of a 
constitutional provision relating to the oyster beds, the proposed 
law failed of passage. 

At the request of the governor of Delaware, acting in his capacity 
as chairman of the Delaware Oyster Survey Commission, the Bureau, 
at the close of the fiscal year, was engaged in a survey of the natural 
oyster beds of Delaware, the State defining part of the expenses for 
necessary temporary assistance. As in the case of the James River 
survey, the steamer Fish Hawk was detailed for the service, and a 
considerable part of the work was performed by her personnel. 

•The authorities of Alabama and Mississippi have also requested 
assistance and advice in connection with the management of oyster 



16 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

bottoms, and a preliminary inquiry has been made to determine the 
most profitable and practicable assistance feasible with the resources 
available to the Bureau. 

Cooperation with the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Mary- 
land Shell Fish Commission in the survey of the oyster beds of Mary- 
land, pursuant to an act of Congress, has been continued, and the 
field work will be completed early in the next fiscal year. It is be- 
lieved that the Bureau will have discharged all of its obligations in 
this connection prior to the end of the fiscal year 1911. 

The experiments in the fattening of oysters at Lynnhaven Bay, 
Virginia, have produced better results than for several years past. 
During a period when practically no fat oysters could be obtained 
from the open waters of the bay the experimental claire was regularly 
producing oysters of very fine quality. In this connection the Bu- 
reau is conducting investigations of the food and feeding of oysters 
which have already developed some unexpected results, throwing 
light on practical problems confronting the oyster grower. Some 
minor modifications of the claire were made near the end of the fiscal 
year, and it is hoped that it will be possible to fatten oysters earlier 
in the season than has been possible heretofore. 

PEARL-MUSSEL INVESTIGATIONS. 

The Bureau has continued its investigations of the pearl-mussel 
beds of the Mississippi Valley, the material depletion of which has 
seriously threatened the prosperity of an important industry of that 
region. With the aid of persons connected with various educational 
institutions of the States principally interested, field parties were 
established for the examination of various streams in Virgina, West 
Virginia, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, 
Missouri, and Oklahoma. The habits, distribution, abundance, and 
commercial availability of the mussels found in the several localities 
were studied with the view of opening new sources of supply for the 
manufacturers of pearlbuttons and for the purpose of laying, a foun- 
dation for the protection, conservation, and improvement of the 
existing beds. 

Owing to the severity of the weather during the winter, progress 
in the erection of the biological station at Fairport, Iowa, authorized 
by Congress near the close of the preceding fiscal year, was less rapid 
than was desired, but on the improvement of conditions in the spring 
construction work went on more rapidly, and at the close of the fiscal 
year mussel-propagating operations were being conducted on a scale 
promising to yield some practical results. As Avas pointed out in the 
preceding report of the Bureau, this station is designed for the study 
of problems relating to the general fisheries and aquatic biology of 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 17 

the Mississippi Valley, but particularly for the cultivation of the 
mussels employed as raw material in the pearl-button industry, a 
manufacturing- interest giving employment to a large number of 
persons. 

Progress has also been made in the construction of the substation 
at Homer, Minn., which recent investigations show can be employed 
for various economic purposes connected with the fisheries, in addi- 
tion to mussel culture. 

EXPERIMENTS IN SPONGE CULTURE. 

Although the experiments in growing sponges from artificial cut- 
tings have already developed what the Bureau regards as a prac- 
tical system of sponge culture, work is still being carried on with 
the purpose of improving the methods and testing the effects of 
different environments on the rate and character of sponge growth. 

The sponges grown in Cape Florida Channel, which, as reported 
last year, attained an average weight of 1.25 ounces each at the end 
of twenty-nine months, were found to average 2 ounces ten months 
later, some of the largest specimens weighing from 3 to 6 ounces 
each when thoroughly cleaned and dry. The same disparity in the 
rate of growth of different specimens observed in other localities 
was found to occur in this place, while at Soldier Key, about 7 miles 
distant, where the conditions appear to be equally favorable, growth 
was very slow. 

STUDY OF FISH DISEASES. 

During the fiscal year the Bureau has continued cooperation with 
the New York State Cancer Laboratory in the investigation of thy- 
roid tumor or cancer in domesticated fishes. An aquarium with 
two independent systems of closed-water circulation, with proper 
means of refrigeration, has been established for the observation of 
salmon and trout and experiments in inoculation and treatment. 
Investigation at various stations of the Bureau and at other hatch- 
eries have shown that the disease is even more widespread and gen- 
eral than was suspected. Considerable difficulty has been encoun- 
tered in obtaining for purposes of experiment a sufficient number 
of fish above suspicion of infection, and it has been necessary in this 
effort to secure a quantity of wild trout from remote streams. Owing 
to the technical difficulties attending this work, which are equal 
to those -retarding the advance of knowledge relating to the cause 
and nature of cancer in human beings, progress is made only by 
slow and painstaking steps and by the use of the most approved 
appliances and methods. For this reason it is highly important 
that the Bureau should be provided with a well-equipped laboratory 



18 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

and experimental hatchery, not only for the purposes of the present 
investigation but for the study of the many other diseases affecting 
fishes, both under domestication and in a state of nature. The Presi- 
dent, in a special message to Congress dated April 9, 1910, urgently 
recommended an appropriation for this purpose. 

During the year the Bureau was called on to investigate epidemics 
among hatchery fish at Spruce Creek. Pa., and Roxbury, Vt. At the 
former place the mortality was due in part to the thyroid tumor or 
cancer before alluded to, but the majority of the deaths were appar- 
ently caused by a bacterial infection which the Bureau has found at 
other places, but which it has not the facilities to study at present. At 
Roxbury the disease is also infectious and annually causes large 
losses. The Bureau has likewise made investigations in Pennsylvania. 
Ohio, and West Virginia upon the kindred subject of the pollution of 
streams in its relation to fishes and the fisheries. 

OTHER INQUIRIES AND EXPERIMENTS. 

The investigations of the Pacific coast salmons have materially 
advanced knowledge of the subjects during the year, particularly in 
respect to parasitism and the changes in the tissues affecting the food 
value of the fish at and near the breeding season, and in regard to 
the relationship of the steelhead trout and rainbow trout. 

In connection with the State Geological and Natural History Sur- 
vey, the Bureau has continued examination of lakes in Wisconsin, with 
particular regard to the gaseous content of their waters. The rela- 
tionship of this subject to practical fish culture is highly important, 
and the data so far obtained have thrown light on certain failures in 
the acclimatization of fishes, the causes of which have been obscure. 
The study of the physical environment and habits of the salmon, smelt, 
and other fishes of Sebago Lake, Maine, w^ere continued, and in 
response to a request a somewhat similar line of research was under- 
taken in Sunapee Lake, New Hampshire. In the latter locality there 
is a considerable fishery for smelts as they ascend the streams to 
spawn, and it was learned that young chinook salmon planted int,the 
brooks were taken with the smelts. 

The survey of the fishing grounds and investigation of the aquatic 
resources of the Philippine Islands, in which the steamer Albatross 
has been employed since the autumn of 1907, was brought to a con- 
clusion in October, 1909. The vessel returned to San Francisco on 
May 4, 1910. The Philippine expedition has yielded extensive col- 
lections and a large amount of information relating to the fisheries 
and fishery resources, and the material is now in course of study 
for the preparation of comprehensive reports on the scientific and 
economic results. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 19 

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORIES. 

The marine biological laboratories maintained by the Bureau at 
Woods Hole, Mass., and Beaufort, N. C, were open as usual for 
several months during- the summer and fall, and their facilities were 
availed of by the usual number of investigators. The researches 
carried on covered a considerable range of subjects and embraced 
investigations of a number of species of economic importance, includ- 
ing the diamond-back terrapin, fishes, stone crab, quahog or hard 
elam, oysters, mussels, and seaweeds. The year witnessed the com- 
pletion of an elaborate report by the. director of Woods Hole labora- 
tory on the marine biology of the waters adjacent to the station, 
embodying the results of investigations carried on for many years. 

ALASKA SALMON SERVICE. 

The report of the agents at the salmon fisheries of Alaska, which 
was published in April, 1910, includes the data for the fishing season 
of 1909, practically all of which was embraced in the fiscal year 1910. 

The number of salmon taken during the season was about equal to 
the catch of 1907, but fully '20 per cent less than the number caught 
in 1908. In 1909 there were taken 34,692,608 fish of a gross weight 
of 175,028,594 pounds, as compared with 43,304,979 fish weighing 
213,378,570 pounds caught in 1908. The decrease was apparent in 
all species excepting the king salmon, which exhibited an increase 
of about 55 per cent. The catch of red salmon was 115,120,670 
pounds, as compared with 124,713,630 pounds in 1908 ; of humpbacks, 
37.965,928 pounds, as compared with 60,424,620 pounds; of dog 
salmon, 9,456,048 pounds, as compared with 18,066,576 pounds; of 
king salmon, 8,959,544 pounds, as compared with 5,757,246 pounds; 
and of cohos, 3,526,404 pounds, as compared with 4,416,498 pounds. 

The total pack of canned salmon in 1909 was 2,403,669 cases, valued 
at $9,439,152. There were 45 canneries in operation, a decrease of 5 
since 1908, and the total investment in the industry, excluding cash 
capital, was $8,631,345. In addition to the canned pack, the fishery 
produced pickled salmon to the value of $208,758, mild-cured salmon 
valued at $149,300, and some minor products. 

The total yield of the salmon industry was valued at $9,796,210, 
produced by an investment of $9,007,037 and the labor of 11.439 
persons. 

Owing to the vigilant enforcement of the laws by the agents of the 
Bureau during the preceding year, there were comparatively few 
complaints of violations during 1909. Several convictions were 
obtained for fishing during the weekly close season, but those engaged 
in the fishery showed a general desire to comply with the laws and 
the regulations of the Department. The pernicious practice of 



20 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

" jigging " for salmon, which results in the cruel mutilation of fish 
which afterwards escape and die, has been stopped, and prohibition 
has been placed on the tourists' practice of catching in their hands the 
nutritively useless but reproductively valuable spawning fish strug- 
gling up the falls and rapids. 

The effort to prevent the waste of edible portions of salmons, the 
choice parts of which have been pickled under former practices, has 
been successful, the salteries now pickling the entire fish or utilizing 
in other ways the edible parts formerly thrown away. 

The statistics relating to the operations of the government and 
private fish hatcheries in Alaska will not be available until the return 
of the agents from the Territory. 

The counting of the salmon passing into Wood River, which was 
begun in the preceding year, was continued during the run of 1909. 
The spawning fish numbered but 893,000, as compared with 2,600,000 
in 1908, and the catch of fish in Nushagak Bay, to which Wood River 
is a tributary, was but 4,900,000, as compared with 6,400,000 in the 
year before. It is estimated that between 6,200,000 and 7,400,000 
fish entered the Nushagak basin, and that between 20 and 35 per cent 
escaped to the spawning grounds, as compared with a total run of 
between 10,100,000 and 13,600,000 fish and an escape of between 37 
and 53 per cent in 1908. From the valuable but still insufficient 
data so far obtained it appears that for every salmon reaching the 
spawning grounds from two to five return several years later, and 
that of these from one to four may be taken without impairing the 
fishery. These are highly probable extremes, and the present rate of 
reproductive increase is between the two. 

In the minor fisheries of Alaska cod were taken to the value of 
$118,821 and halibut worth $195,529. There were employed in these 
fisheries fixed capital to the value of $503,837 and 548 persons. In 
addition there is a fleet of vessels from California and Washington 
fishing in Alaskan waters, the data for which are not included in the 
above. 

The Bureau is making an effort to stop the use of food fishes for 
fertilizer and to stimulate the utilization of scraps and waste fishes 
for that purpose. This is not only in the interest of economy of con- 
sumption, but to prevent the pollution of waters through the dis- 
charge of putrescent wastes. It therefore recommends the enactment 
of laws prohibiting the manufacture of fertilizer from food fishes 
and the extension of the antipollution act of March 3, 1899, in such 
manner as to protect the fisheries of Alaska. 

Suitable vessels for the use of the salmon-inspection service are 
urgently required, and provision should be made by law for the regu- 
lation and limitation of the future establishment of plants for 
utilizing salmon. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 21 

Attention is again called to the fact that the personnel of the 
Alaska salmon service is entirely inadequate to a proper enforcement 
of the laws and regulations and the carrying on of investigations 
essential to a proper and intelligent administration of these important 
fisheries. Several additional scientific assistants are urgently needed 
in this service. 

ALASKA FUR-SEAL SERVICE. 

B} t an act of Congress approved April 21, 1910, that portion of the 
previous law requiring the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to 
lease the privilege of killing seals, on the Pribilof Islands was re- 
pealed, and as the lease of the North American Commercial Company 
expired by limitation on April 30, 1910, the Bureau, under the direc- 
tion of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, assumed the entire 
administration of the islands, including the functions and obligations 
previously imposed on the lessees. The present duties of the Bureau 
on the islands therefore embrace all matters whatsoever relating to 
the seal herd and the care, education, and welfare of the native 
population. 

Owing to the abuses connected with pelagic sealing mentioned in 
the preceding report of the Bureau, the condition of the seal herd is 
more precarious than at any previous period of its known history, 
and the utmost care must be exercised to save it from commercial 
extinction. In anticipation of the expiration of the lease recently in 
force and in view of the advisability of a change in the methods of 
administering the islands, the Bureau called a meeting of the advisory 
board mentioned in the last report, which, together with the em- 
ployees of the Bureau, embraces practically all of the available natur- 
alists and officials whose experience on the islands qualifies them to 
pass in judgment upon the present requirements of the seal herd. 
The Bureau has based its policy in respect to the islands upon the 
unanimous advice and recommendations of the parties to this con- 
ference. 

The preponderance of the pelagic kill on the high seas, which is 
beyond the Bureau's control, consists of mature cow seals, and for 
reasons that are recognized by those having knowledge of the habits 
of the fur seal the killing of a limited number of the excess of im- 
mature males has been deemed advisable. No definite quota has been 
fixed, but the number is to be determined by the agents on the islands 
governed by certain rigid limitations as to age, sex, size, and the min- 
imum number to be reserved for future breeding. The breeding 
reserve is to be selected, as far as possible, from the most vigorous 
and perfect individuals, with a view to the gradual improvement of 
the herd. 



22 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

Under the provisions of the act of April 21, 1910, the Secretary of 
Commerce and Labor is charged with all matters pertaining to the 
care and preservation of all the fur-bearing animals of Alaska Under 
this authority the Bureau has drawn regulations relating to the killing 
or capture in Alaska of certain fur-bearing animals other than seals, 
and said regulations, having been signed and promulgated by the 
Secretary of Commerce and Labor, are now effective in the Territory. 

For the purpose of putting into effect the provisions of the act 
above referred to, the sum of $lf)0,000 was appropriated. The imme- 
diately necessary additional employees required by the enlargement 
of the Bureau's functions on the islands have been appointed. The 
Bureau, under authority of the law and by direction of the Secretary 
of Commerce and Labor, has entered into negotiations for the par- 
chase of the buildings, boats, and other property of the North Ameri- 
can Commercial Company on the islands. The company has placed 
an apparently reasonable valuation on its property, and the proposi- 
tion is under consideration subject to the results of an inventory now 
being made by an agent of the Bureau on the islands. 

The data relating to the killing and the condition of the seal herds 
to July 31, 1909, were published in the preceding report of the Bu- 
reau. Those for the season of 1910 are not available at the time of 
writing the present report, and in any event are more strictly ger- 
mane to the succeeding fiscal year. 

THE FISHERY INDUSTRIES. 
STATISTICS AND METHODS OF THE FISHERIES. 

The commercial fisheries of the United States, including the various 
fishery industries dependent upon them, represent an investment of 
about .$95,000,000, and the value of the products derived from the 
fisheries proper is about $02,000,000. With the exception of the 
mackerel and some other fisheries that for a number of years have 
not been as extensive as formerly, all of .the more important branches 
of the industry are in a prosperous condition. The catch of mackerel 
during the past year was smaller than in the previous year, amount- 
ing to 46,439 barrels fresh and 17.542 barrels salted in 1909, against 
57,566 barrels fresh and 21,267 barrels salted in 1908. The spring- 
fishery in 1910 was poorer than for a number of years past, the catch 
up to July 1 being only 16,410 barrels of fresh mackerel and only 
2,490 barrels of salted mackerel. It was an exceptionally unfavorable 
season for the seiners, as they took only about 2,200 barrels of the 
total catch of fresh mackerel, the remainder being caught by the gill- 
net fishermen. The fish were larger than usual, many of them weigh- 
ing from 3 to 4 pounds each, but the greater portion from 2 to 3 
pounds each. The fleet numbered about 50 seiners and 125 netters. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 23 

Prices were good and some of the netters made large stocks. The 
first mackerel of the season were landed on April 8, at Fort Mon- 
roe, Va., the fare consisting of 1,200 fish weighing 2^ pounds each. 
The seiners reported seeing a good body of fish off the southern coast, 
but they were wild and could not be caught with seines. Of the fresh 
mackerel landed, 1,000 barrels were caught on Nantucket Shoals 
and the remainder mostly off the coast of New Jersey and in the 
vicinity of Block Island. The salted mackerel were all from the 
Cape Shore, and were all large fish. The light catch so far during 
the season on the Cape Shore is attributed to the fact that the fish 
passed along the coast far offshore outside of the fleet. 

The investigation of the fisheries of the Philippine Islands was 
completed before the close of the year, and the statistics and other 
information relating to the commercial fisheries are being compiled. 

A canvass of the salmon fisheries of the Pacific coast has also been 
made and the returns will be published at an early date. 

In the spring of 1910 a beginning was made in the collection of 
comprehensive statistics of the oyster fishery. This is the greatest 
single national fishery in the world, and of itself yields a more valu- 
able product than that derived from the entire fisheries of many 
important maritime countries. The work is demanded in the in- 
terests of the trade and for enlightened legislative regulation of the 
fishery. A canvass of the shad fisheries of the South Atlantic States 
was begun at the same time, and both inquiries were in progress at 
the close of the year. 

The usual information was collected by the local agents at Boston 
and Gloucester, Mass., as to the quantity and value of fishery prod- 
ucts landed at those ports by American fishing vessels during the 
year. The investigation of the movements of mackerel was con- 
cluded, and an inquiry was made regarding the condition of the shad 
and alewife fisheries of Chesapeake Bay and tributaries, and the 
fisheries of Mississippi. 

The statistics collected by the local agents at Boston and Glouces- 
ter, Mass., of the extensive vessel fisheries at those ports have been 
published as monthly bulletins and distributed to the trade in various 
parts of the country, and also as annual bulletins giving the quantity 
and value of fishery products landed by American fishing vessels by 
months and by fishing grounds for the calendar year. The number 
of trips landed at these ports in 1909 was 6,306, aggregating 173,- 
102,224 pounds of fish, valued at $4,616,444. Compared with the 
previous year the receipts have decreased 8,363,023 pounds in 
quantity and $12,981 in value. There was a decrease in the catch of 
cusk, hake, and mackerel, but an increase in that of cod, pollock, and 
halibut. The statistics are given in detail on the following pages. 



24 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



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26 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



27 



More than <>0 per cent of the quantity and nearly the same propor- 
tion of the value of the ■ fishery products landed at Boston and 
Gloucester by the American fishing fleet during the year were caught 
on fishing grounds lying off the coast of the United States. A little 
over 28 per cent of the catch was from banks off the coast of the 
Canadian Provinces and 11.25 per cent from grounds off the coast of 
Newfoundland. The Newfoundland herring fishery furnished less 
than 8 per cent of the fisher y products landed at these ports. The 
quantity and value of the catch from each of these fishing regions are 
given by species in the following table: 

Quantity and Value of Fish Landed by American Fishing Vessels at 
Boston and Gloucester, Mass.. in 10O9, from Grounds off the Coasts of 
the United States, Newfoundland, and Canadian Provinces. 



Species. United States. Newfoundland. 


Canadian Provinces. Total. 


Cod: 

Fresh 

Salted 
Cusk: 

Fresh 

Salted 
Haddock: 

Fresh 


Pounds. 

28.031.010 

4. 158.127 

2, 608, 626 
105, 627 

37,345,145 

186,428 

12, 668. 503 
25,176 

12,355.229 
373,869 

418, 691 

4,460 

2,461,000 
794,400 

99, 600 
85,800 

1,626,520 

1,058,700 
27,000 


lo.'w. 

$765, 402 

137,120 

41.022 

2, 037 

907,965 
1,885 

186, 176 
252 

145.111 
3,805 

38,530 
308 

132. 707 
55, 250 

1,651 
1,481 

157, 185 

6,005 
574 


Pounds. 

88,810 
3.828,665 

7,660 
7,690 


Value. 
$1,492 
113,087 

123 
191 


Pounds. 
10,470,311 
24, 757, 580 

531.652 
72,218 

5,055,621 
226, 940 

483,460 
77, 201 

147,262 
970, 156 

1,820,723 

52, 164 

1.060,060 
2, 063, 500 

25,000 
162, 108 

10, 242 


Value. 

$188,253 
753,446 

8,746 
1,809 

115,054 
2,291 

7,572 
789 

1,951 
11,369 

136. S73 
3,159 

91,230 
156,901 

500 
2,844 

1,297 


Pounds. 
38, 590, 131 

32, 744, 372 

3,147.938 
185,535 

42.400.766 
424,603 

13,163,241 
113,324 

12,502.591 
1,380,645 

3,588,635 
860, 113 

4.121.060 
3,457,900 

4,420,850 
9,277,664 

1,637,156 

1,058.700 
27,000 


Value. 

$955, 147 
1,003,653 

49,891 

4,637 

1,023,019 
4,289 

193,818 

1,173 

147,063 
15,541 

270, 006 
66, 471 

223.937 


Salted 
Hake: 

Fresh 

Sail 'd 
Pollock- 
Fresh 

Salted 
Halibut: 

Fresh 

Salted 
Mackerel: 

Fresh 


11,235 

11,278 

10.947 

100 
36, 620 

1,349,221 
803,489 


113 

70 
132 

1 
367 

94,603 
03, 004 


Salted 






212,151 


Herring: 

Fresh 

Salted 
Swordflsh: 

Fresh 

Other flsh: 

Fresh 


4, 296, 250 
9,029,750 

394 


113.535 
160,529 

47 


115,686 
164,854 

158,529 

6,005 
574 


Salted 






















Total... 


104,433,911 


2,585,066 


19,482,115 


547, 294 


49, 186, 198 


1,484.084 


173,102,224 


4, 616, 444 



SHAD AND ALEWIFE FISHERIES. 

The canvass relating to the methods, apparatus, extent, and con- 
dition of the shad and alewife fisheries of Chesapeake Bay and tribu- 
taries, which was begun in the spring of 1909, was completed before 
the close of that year, the work being done by the steamer Fish Hawk 
and field agents. The fishing apparatus used in the capture of shad 
and alewives was located on charts, and statistics of the catch for 
the season of 1909 were obtained. The fishing apparatus included 
3,332 pound . nets, 12,768 gill nets, and a considerable number of 
seines, fyke nets, and other appliances. The catch consisted of 
2,924.018* shad, having a value to the fishermen of $785,739, and 
128.618,249 alewives. with a value of $284,039. The shad were sold 



28 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 



fresh, and the alewives were disposed of in both a fresh and salted 
condition, the number salted being 16,827,000, valued at $74,419. The 
shad catch has declined nearly 50 per cent in quantity since 1897, 
the number of shad taken that year in the Chesapeake and tribu- 
taries being 5,341,751. In 1901 the number had decreased to 3,000,544, 
and in 1904 to 2,950,492. A still further decrease of 20,474 occurred 
in the past year. This large falling off during these years is obvi- 
ously due to overfishing and to the fact that the large number of 
pound nets and other apparatus operated prevent the anadromous 
species from reaching their spawning grounds, thus seriously inter- 
fering with both natural and artificial propagation. In Virginia 
in 1909 there were fished in these waters for shad and alewives 2,043 
pound nets and 7,121 gill nets, and in Maryland 1,289 pound nets 
and 5.620 gill nets, the remainder of the gill nets being in Pennsyl- 
vania and Delaware. The catch apportioned by States in 1909 was 
as follows : 



State. 



Shad. 



Alewives. 



Virginia 

Maryland 

Pennsylvania. 
Delaware 



Number. 

1,855,446 

1,000,827 

00,045 

7,700 



Total I 2, 924, 018 



Value. 

8488,336 

272,369 

22, 224 

2,310 



Number. 
69,469,949 

59,093,300 
25,000 
30,000 



785,739 



128,618,249 



Value. 

155, 499 
75 
90 






INVESTIGATION OF THE MACKEREL FISHERY. 

The mackerel investigation, which was begun in April, 1909, at the 
request of the Board of Trade and Master Mariners' Association of 
Gloucester, Mass., representing many of the firms and vessel owners 
interested in the mackerel fishery, was concluded in October of that 
year, occupying a period of about six months. The schooner Grampus 
was detailed for the work, and Capt. Jerry E. Cook, an experienced 
mackerel fisherman of Gloucester, was in charge pf the inquiry. The 
vessel was equipped with gill nets and lines for locating the fish and 
with tow mis for use in detecting the presence of the minute crus- 
taceans which form the principal food of the mackerel. The object 
of the inquiry was chiefly to determine the movements of the mack- 
erel, which usually make their first appearance on the American coast 
in the spring off Cape Hatteras and gradually move northward to 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence, to locate any bodies of mackerel that may 
frequent grounds remote from those cruised over by the fishermen, 
and also to assist the mackerel fishermen by furnishing them with 
information as to the schools of mackerel seen and their location and 
movements. 

It is thought by some fishermen that the introduction of purse 
seines and gill nets in the fishery, replacing hooks and lines and a 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 29 

plentiful supply of toll bait, has had a tendency to disperse the 
schools of mackerel and is partly responsible for the prevailing 
scarcity of that species during the past twenty or more years. This 
opinion, however, has not become sufficiently strong or general to lead 
to any concerted action on the part of the vessel owners with a view 
to abandoning the use of these forms of apparatus in the mackerel 
fishery and returning to the former methods. 

The Grampus sailed from Gloucester April 7 and proceeded south- 
ward to Lewes, Del., where she joined the seining fleet. On May 2 
the vessel sailed from that port to begin the work of investigating 
the movements of the mackerel. The first experiments were made on 
that date in latitude 38° N. and longitude 74° 21' W. The work was 
continued along the coast from this locality to Georges Bank until 
the 1st of August, but chiefly on the southern grounds in order to 
ascertain whether the mackerel remain there after making their first 
appearance early in the spring or move northward. The fish were 
not located there, however, after the early run in the spring, nor 
were any of the usual signs of them, such as sea geese, red feed, 
whales, etc., observed. The vessel worked over Georges Bank and 
continued eastward over Browns Bank, and on August 5 anchored 
at Sandy Point, Shelbourne, Nova Scotia. She sailed from there 
on the 8th of August, and from Halifax on the 12th, reaching North 
Sydney, Cape Breton, on the 15th. For the remainder of August 
and during September the work was pursued in the Gulf of St. Law- 
rence and on the southerly part of the coast of Newfoundland. The 
Grampus left the Gulf of St. Lawrence early in October and arrived 
at Gloucester on the 16th of that month. At all times during the 
cruise a masthead lookout for mackerel was kept day and night when 
the weather was favorable for observation, and net trials for locat- 
ing the fish were made at every opportunity. 

During the first part of the trip the work was frequently interrupted 
by stormy weather, which also at times greatly interfered with the 
operations of the seining fleet. The mackerel were late in showing, 
and were unusually far offshore. Investigation showed that the lat- 
ter condition was caused by the appearance of great schools of bonito, 
which came up the coast over the usual mackerel route and kept the 
schools of mackerel well offshore, and later, when the mackerel 
approached their regular course, caused them not to show, but to move 
along under water. This was indicated by the many large hauls made 
by the vessels of the mackerel netting fleet, which did unusually well, 
while the purse-seine fishermen, depending on the mackerel to school 
and show, had a poor season as a whole. There was a good catch 
on the Nova Scotia coast, or Cape Shore, and the vessels did well 
' for a time on Nantucket Shoals, but otherwise the season was 
practically a failure. A few hauls were made on the southern edge 
59395°— 11 3 



30 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

of Georges "Bank, but the fish stayed there only a short time, disap- 
pearing as suddenly as they eaine. In Massachusetts Bay and on the 
Maine coast there was practically no mackerel fishing, a few small 
schools taken off Monhegan being all that showed on the latter shore. 
The season in the Gulf of St. Lawrence was also a poor one, the catch 
of the 22 American purse-seining vessels that went there being only 
1,785 barrels. No fish were found schooling, and the catches made 
were secured by throwing toll bait and using line and jig, the seine 
being run around the vessel while the fish were attracted by the bait. 
Bad weather set in early and fishing off North Sydney was discon- 
tinued before the usual time. 

The cruise did not result in ascertaining where the southern body 
of mackerel goes after coming as far north as Long Island nor in 
locating the great body of mackerel which goes into the Gulf of St. 
Lawrence, but that large schools entered the Gulf of St. Lawrence 
in June and, some of them at least, came out in the fall and went 
south is indicated by the fact that large catches were made off Hali- 
fax and La Have and westward as far as Cape Sable, and that great 
schools were reported off Halifax and other Cape Shore ports late 
in the season. It is evident from the experiments and observations 
made during the cruise that the food supply and spawning habits of 
the mackerel are not the only factors to be considered in the study 
of their migrations, but that the weather conditions and the presence 
of bonito and other predatory species have a decided influence on 
their movements. A plentiful supply of food was frequently found 
in localities where there were either no mackerel oronly scattering 
individuals. 

The Grampus kept in as close touch with the seining fleet as was 
consistent with the work, and furnished the vessels with all informa- 
tion obtained regarding the schools of mackerel seen. 

Considerable information was also obtained during the cruise re- 
garding the movements of menhaden. These fish were reported by 
the mackerel seiners early in April about 25 miles off Bodie Island, 
North Carolina, in 45 fathoms of water. They were in large schools 
and appeared to be working northward and keeping well offshore. 
About the 20th of the month large schools were observed in 36° 30' 
north latitude and extending a distance of about 90 miles. A number 
of menhaden were taken in the mackerel seines about this time, and 
were large and moderately fat fish. During April large schools of 
bonito were seen some distance inshore of the menhaden, which was 
apparently the reason why the latter remained so far offshore. One 
vessel reported sailing 25 miles with bonito constantly in sight, mov- 
ing rapidly and at times breaking water, probably in pursuit of some 
small feed other than menhaden. No schools of bonito were seen'north 
of the Virginia capes, and the menhaden appeared on the coast of 
New Jersey early in May after the bonito disappeared. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 31 

FISHERIES OF MISSISSIPPI. 

At the request of citizens of Biloxi, Miss., through their Represent- 
ative in Congress, an investigation was made of the condition of the 
fisheries at that place, and incidentally of the coast fisheries of the 
entire State, not including oysters. 

The fisheries of Mississippi are chiefly carried on at Biloxi and 
Scrantcn, the former place having about 250 vessels and boats and 
the latter about 50 engaged in this industry. The principal species 
taken are shrimp (which ranks first in importance), bluefish, Spanish 
mackerel, pompano, mullet, flounders, trout or squeteague, and crabs. 
In former years the supply was generally equal to the demand, but 
in the last three or four years it is claimed by fishermen and others 
interested in the fisheries that there has been considerable falling off 
in the annual catch of most species, on account of overfishing. 

While the coast fisheries of Mississippi are not as extensive as those 
of some other States, they are of great value to the State and should 
receive as careful attention in the way of protection as other States 
give to their fisheries. Many fishermen and dealers at Biloxi are of 
the opinion that artificial propagation is the only means by which the 
more important commercial species can be saved from extermination, 
but a judicious enforcement of laws that should be enacted to prevent 
the wholesale capture of fish during the spawning season, and making 
it a penal offense to capture fish by the use of dynamite, lime, or 
other explosives, in rivers, lakes, bayous, or along the coast, would 
have a tendency to restore the fisheries to their former prosperous 
condition. This course of action would no doubt produce beneficial 
results in a comparatively short time. The first requisite in the 
present circumstances seems to be to take the necessary steps to save 
certain species bj' natural rather than by artificial means. The 
establishment cf a state fish commission, with authority to recommend 
and enforce fishery legislation, would also be of great assistance in 
protecting and maintaining the fisheries. Without such an organi- 
zation the fisheries are destined to decline more rapidly in the future 
than they have in the past. 

The principal forms of fishing apparatus used in the fisheries of 
the State are drag seines, gill nets, and trammel nets. There is also 
a considerable quantity of fish taken with cast nets. In no part of 
the country is this apparatus used with greater skill than in this 
region, and according to some of the fishermen its extensive use is 
responsible for the great scarcity of crappie, black bass, and pike. 
When the water in the rivers and bays is low, many species of fish 
take refuge in pools and deep holes and are easily captured. 

In Red and Black creeks it is said that fish were once abundant, but 
in recent years the use of dynamite has nearly exterminated them. 
According to reports, this method is not only employed by commer- 



32 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

cial fishermen but also by people who wish to supply their own table. 
Jugs filled with lime and lowered to the bottom are also the means of 
destroying large quantities of fish. The water coming in contact 
with the lime causes the jugs to burst, scattering the lime, which 
either kills the fish or causes them to rise to the surface in a dazed 
condition, making their capture easy. 

At Biloxi the harbor for vessels is at Back Bay. Six or seven 
years ago considerable fishing was carried on from 2 to 3 miles 
above the anchorage, toward the head of the bay. At the present time 
very few fish are taken in this vicinity. At times during a freshet 
buffalo-fish are caught in considerable quantities near the mouth of 
the bay. At other times this species is generally observed up the 
bay some 6 or 8 miles above Popps Point, where commercial fishing 
is prohibited. During a heavy freshet it is said that the current runs 
15 miles an hour. 

In the upper part of the bay there are numerous small islands cov- 
ered with tule grass; these islands afford excellent seining grounds. 
In the channels formed by the islands fishing is carried on with 
trammel nets. There are many snags in the channels, which prevent 
the use of drag seines. 

Shrimp were quite scarce in 1909, but in the spring of 1910 they 
were plentiful, and the usual pack was made. It is estimated that 
in the vicinity of Gulfport and Biloxi 6,000 barrels of shrimp were 
caught during the season. It is stated that only about one-half the 
quantity of shrimp is now taken as compared to the catch ten years 
ago, although nearly double the number of men and boats is em- 
ployed. In the last few years, however, there has been considerable 
increase in the catch, owing to an extension of the fishing grounds. 
Vessels now fish for shrimp 30 miles east and west of Biloxi and 
from 75 to 100 miles south. 

Shrimp arrive from the south in the latter part of February and 
remain on the coast until May. In the latter part of July or the first 
of August a school of mixed sizes of shrimp appear, and in September 
another school of marketable shrimp strikes the coast. 

In 1909, 14,000 pounds of mullet were taken in one haul of a seine 
and all were said to be spawn fish. Many fishermen are of the opin- 
ion that such wholesale slaughter of spawn fish should be stopped. 

Redfish or channel bass, trout or squeteague, and sheepshead have 
not decreased as rapidly as some other species, being taken in deep 
water, and principally with hook and line. 

The shipping facilities and method of handling fish at Biloxi com- 
pare favorably with those in other parts of the country. On account 
of the scarcity of many shore species, attention is being directed to 
the red-snapper fishery. To engage in this fishery would require 
deeper draft vessels and the building of plants for handling fish 
on the outlying islands, where vessels arriving from the banks could 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OP FISHERIES. 33 

t 

land their fares and transship them in scows or other shallow boats 
to Biloxi. In this manner the red-snapper fishery might be estab- 
lished and successfully prosecuted. 

MISCELLANEOUS ACTIVITIES. 
RELATIONS WITH OTHER GOVERNMENT BUREAUS. 

During the year the Bureau has cooperated with other branches of 
the Government, both giving and receiving assistance in the interests 
of an economical and efficient administration of the public business. 
The assistance rendered to the Bureau of the Census in the statistical 
canvass of the fisheries in the preceding fiscal year was supplemented 
by the detail of an agent of the Bureau to aid in certain technical 
matters connected with the compilation of the data. This assistance 
consisted principally in the identification and consideration of the 
involved and often dubious nomenclature of the fishes exhibited in 
the field schedules. 

A large number of samples of fishery products have been identified 
and passed on at the request of the food and drug board of the 
Department of Agriculture, and other assistance has been rendered 
in connection with the functions of that board. 

In March, 1910, on request of the Secretary of War preferred 
through the Department, an examination and appraisal was made 
of certain oyster bottoms adjoining the military reservation at Fort 
Monroe, Va., recently ceded by the State of Virginia to the Federal 
Government. A full report, accompanied by tracings, was trans- 
mitted to the War Department. 

The Bureau expresses its appreciation of the services of the Bureau 
of Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture for analyses of water 
from various hatcheries and to the Coast and Geodetic Survey for 
various charts and projections and for other courtesies extended. 

INTERNATIONAL FISHERY MATTERS. 

In 1909, as in the four previous years, at the request of the Depart- 
ment of State, the Bureau detailed a representative to visit New- 
foundland for the purpose of observing the operations of American 
fishing vessels engaged in the herring fisheries there under the pro- 
visions of the modus vivendi. The detail extended from October, 
1909. to January, 1910. No vessel was assigned to the work this year. 
In June, 1910, two representatives from the Bureau's official staff were 
detailed to The Hague to assist the American counsel in the case be- 
fore that tribunal for a settlement of the dispute as to the rights of 
our fishermen in Newfoundland and Canadian waters under the 
treaty of 1818. 

The Bureau continued its cooperation with the State Department, 
through the International Fisheries Commission, in securing basic 



34 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

data for the regulations required by the treaty between the United 
States and Great Britain, signed April 11, 1908, which provides for 
the joint control by the United States and Canada of the fisheries 
in the waters contiguous to the boundary between the two countries. 
Field work was conducted in Passarnaquoddy Bay and eastern Maine 
and on Lake Erie and Lake Huron. 

There is every reason to believe that both of these international 
questions, which have long been a source of irritation to the fishermen 
of the countries involved, will be satisfactorily adjusted during the 
present year. 

EMPLOYMENT OF VESSELS. 

The investigation concerning the aquatic resources of the Philip- 
pine Islands was continued by the steamer Albatross until February 
12, when she went to Nagasaki for a general overhauling before 
undertaking the voyage to the United States. She arrived at San 
Francisco in excellent condition May 4, and was promptly made 
ready for immediate work in Alaskan waters. While the vessel under- 
went considerable repairs in Hongkong the year before, these were 
necessitated by work previous to the Philippine expedition and the 
fact that she returned to San Francisco in such good condition after 
a cruise beginning in 1907 reflects credit on the construction of the 
vessel and the care given by her commanding officers. 

The steamer Fish Hawk was occupied from the beginning of the 
fiscal year until the middle of September in a comprehensive survey 
of the public oyster grounds of Virginia in the James River, and 
afterwards in collecting aquarium specimens. In October the ship 
went to Woods Hole, where her machinery was put in good order by 
the station force and the crew and the vessel made ready for further 
work. In the spring, shad hatching on the Delaware River was be- 
gun and continued until June, when a survey of the public oyster 
grounds of Delaware was commenced and at the close of the year was 
still in progress. Fuller references to the surveys mentioned are 
embodied elsewhere in this report. 

The schooner Grampus was engaged in the mackerel investigation 
referred to elsewhere until October 10, 1909, her sphere of operations 
extending from Newport to Bay of Islands, Newfoundland, and the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, and including the offshore fishing banks. 
During the late fall and winter the vessel was laid up and the crew 
utilized in connection with marine fish-cultural work on the New 
England coast until April, when she was made ready for sea and 
began the collection of lobster eggs and distribution of lobster fry 
for the hatchery at Boothbay Harbor, Me., and was so engaged the 
remainder of the year. 

The smaller steamer Phalarope was used during the entire year 
in fish-cultural work on the New England coast and on the Potomac 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 35 

Kiver, and as a collecting vessel for the Woods Hole laboratory. 
The Curlew was employed on the Mississippi River, especially in 
collecting fishes from the overflowed lands. 

PUBLICATIONS AND LIBRARY. 

The collection of special books maintained by the Bureau for pur- 
poses of reference and technical investigation has received 260 acces- 
sions in Washington from gifts, purchases, and exchanges, and over 
200 accessions at the laboratories and stations elsewhere. The intimate 
relations maintained with other libraries result in exchanges and 
transfers which are mutually profitable, and particularly advan- 
tageous to the Bureau in view of the limited funds available for the 
purchase of books and periodicals. The use of the library has been 
much facilitated by the progress made during the year on the s}^stem- 
atic subject catalogue. 

The continued interest of the public in the work of the Bureau is 
shown by the facts that during the year 2,916 bound volumes and 
21,832 pamphlets of its publications were sent out on request, 45,890 
were required for the regular mailing list, and 2,020 issued to authors. 
There were received from the Government Printing Office for dis- 
tribution 87 new reports and bulletins published by the Bureau and 
5 reprints of important documents the supply of which had been 
exhausted. The titles of the new issues (No. 646 to No. 732) may be 
found in the Bureau's list of publications available for distribution. 

APPROPRIATIONS. 

The total appropriations for the Bureau for the fiscal year 
amounted to $823,490, or $16,610 less than the aggregate for the 
previous year. 

Salaries : 

General $316, 860 

Agents at Alaska salmon fisheries 4, 500 

Agents at seal fisheries 11,430 

Miscellaneous expenses : 

Administration S, 000 

Propagation of food fishes 275,000 

Inquiry respecting food fishes 30,000 

Statistical inquiry 7, 500 

Maintenance of vessels 55,000 

Supplies for native inhabitants, seal islands 19,500 

Specials : 

Establishment of fish-cultural stations on Puget Sound or its 

tributaries 50, 000 

Establishment of a fish-cultural station in the upper Mississippi 

Valley 25, 000 

Purchase of a steamboat, Put-in-Bay, Ohio 15,000 

Construction of roadway, Greenlake, Me 2,700 

Repairs to buildings, Pribilof Islands 3, 000 



36 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

In addition to the above funds, the sum of $150,000 was appro- 
priated and made immediately available for the purpose of carrying 
out the provisions of the act of April 21, 1910, which placed under the 
Secretary of Commerce and Labor the administration of the fur-seal 
islands and the preservation of the fur-bearing animals of Alaska. 

An itemized statement of expenditures authorized by the fore- 
going appropriations will be made as required by law. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 
REORGANIZATION OF PERSONNEL. 

The foregoing report exhibits briefly the rapid growth of the activi- 
ties and responsibilities of the Bureau by natural accretion to lines of 
work long established and by the addition of functions not contem- 
plated when the present organization was adopted. The assignment 
of new duties to the Bureau has made it necessary to impose them 
upon persons whose time and attention were already fully taxed by 
the natural development of their previous responsibilities, and it 
therefore appears to be essential to the continued efficiency of the 
Bureau that there should be a reorganization of the personnel. The 
Alaska salmon service and the fur-seal service, now assigned to the 
Bureau, both involving executive and police functions of an exacting 
character, are administered by the Division of Scientific Inquiry, 
from which it is desirable that they be separated. The original re- 
quirements of the division are incompatible with the added functions, 
and their continued administration by one person can only be at the 
sacrifice of the efficiency of both. It is therefore recommended that 
the present organization be augmented by the creation of a new 
division to be known as the Division of Alaska Fisheries, with suffi- 
cient additions to the present force to make its work effective. 

The United States has entered into certain treaty obligations in 
respect to the waters adjacent to the Canadian boundary, whereby it 
is proposed to assume international control of the fisheries in the 
interest of their conservation and development. Regulations making 
this agreement effective were submitted to the Senate but were re- 
turned to the joint commissioners for further consideration. It is 
assumed that they will be reduced to a satisfactory basis in the near 
future, in which event the Bureau will find itself charged with enforc- 
ing them. Should this be the case, since under the present organiza- 
tion there is no provision for the discharge of this duty, it will be 
necessary to provide a Division of International Fisheries. 

SALARIES AND PERSONNEL. 

The recommendations of the preceding fiscal year in reference to 
the increase of the salaries attached to certain positions in its service 
are renewed. Congress at its recent session increased the pay of low- 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 37 

grade clerks, firemen, and messengers, but did not authorize any 
advance in the salaries of those on whose work the efficiency of the 
Bureau is more directly dependent. The experience of another year 
has made more apparent the desirability of making remuneration 
more commensurate with duties and responsibilities. 

The Bureau is in constant receipt of requests from Members of 
Congress and state authorities for special investigations and experi- 
ments in the interests of the public fisheries, and in many cases prompt 
compliance with these legitimate demands is difficult or impossible, 
because the personnel has not kept pace with either the growth of the 
work or the increase of general appropriations. There are certain 
fisheries to which, on account of their peculiar requirements, it has 
not been possible to render the service which those engaged in them 
have the right to expect. To the oyster industry, for instance, which 
yields $16,000,000 annually, about 30 per cent of the value of the 
entire fisheries of the United States, the Bureau's assistance has been 
wholly inadequate. Proportionately to the value of the respective 
fisheries, sixty-five dollars are profitably expended in shad culture 
for every dollar spent for the benefit of the oyster industry. The 
inequality arises not from the inability to allot money from the appro- 
priations, but to the lack of trained and experienced men. Fish- 
cultural methods can not be applied in oyster culture, and the only 
valuable aid which can be offered is through the medium of research 
and practical experiment, which experience has shown lead to profit- 
able and lasting benefits from disproportionally small expenditures. 
For carrying on such work provision should be made for additional 
scientific assistants. 

SPONGE LAW. 

The act of June 20, 1906, to provide for the protection of the 
sponge fisheries of the United States on the high seas of the Gulf of 
Mexico and the Straits of Florida, has shown itself futile and impos- 
sible of enforcement. The purpose of this law was to prohibit the 
fishery by diving in depths of less than 50 feet, and during the period 
from May 1 to October 1 to prevent the taking, by whatever means, 
outside of the 3-mile limit, of sponges smaller than 4 inches in 
diameter. 

The offenses aimed at are not specifically prohibited, but they 
were supposed to be prevented by the prohibition of certain subsid- 
iary acts — the landing, curing, or offering for sale in the United 
States of sponges taken in contravention of the real purpose of 
the law. To secure a conviction it is therefore necessary to estab- 
lish a connection between the act of taking under the objection- 
able circumstances and certain subsequent and secondary acts which 
per se are innocuous. A diving vessel operating during the close 



38 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

season can not be interfered with until the sponges are landed, cured, 
or offered for sale in the United States. The sponges, therefore, must 
be followed or traced from their beds in the high seas to a point 
of territorial jurisdiction, a requirement that is usually impossible 
of enforcement. 

Moreover, the law provided the Department with no machinery 
for its enforcement. It has been necessary to depend upon the 
courtesy of the Treasury Department for the personnel required, 
and no provision has been made for expenses. 

In view of the circumstances narrated, and in the interest of the 
unimpaired maintenance of the sponge beds, it is recommended that 
the act of June 20, 1906, be amended to correct its defects and that 
the Bureau be provided with an inspector, a suitable boat, and funds 
for the proper enforcement of the law. It is further recommended 
that the minimum size of sponges which it shall be legitimate to take 
be established at 5 inches diameter, and if this be done that the 
close season be curtailed by not exceeding two months. 

EXTENSION OF FISH CULTURE. 

It is again urged that provision be made for the establishment of 
additional stations for the rescue of fishes from overflowed lands in 
the Mississippi Valley. Millions of fish now annually left by the 
receding waters to die of exposure can by this means be saved at 
small expense. 

The Bureau is of the opinion that a highly important work of the 
near future will be the stocking of ponds and streams on the farms 
of the country with hardy species of fish requiring little care or 
attention and omnivorous as to diet. The several species of catfishes 
appear to fulfill the requirements more completely than any other 
fish. They will grow in sluggish and muddy water, they are very 
tenacious of life, their diet is of wide variety, and as food they 
are excelled by but few fresh-water fish. While some of the smaller 
species can be made important additions to the home food supplies 
of the farms, certain others, particularly the larger ones, are already 
the basis of important commercial fisheries. For the propagation of 
both kinds the establishment of a station at some point in the lower 
Mississippi Valley, preferably near Morgan City, La., is regarded as 
highly desirable. 

The fish-cultural work in Yellowstone Park has been conducted 
heretofore with inadequate means as an adjunct to the operation of 
Spearfish Hatchery, but it is believed that the opportunities in the 
national park are such as to warrant an independent station. One 
of the chief difficulties encountered in the efforts to replenish the 
depleted fisheries of the United States arises from the lack of control 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 39 

over the fishes after they are planted and the neglect of certain 
States to make provision for their protection. Yellowstone Park, 
being under federal jurisdiction, offers an exceptional opportunity 
to demonstrate the possibilities of fish culture under rational and 
consistent regulations. 

The Bureau also recommends the establishment of one marine and 
one additional fresh-water hatchery on the Pacific coast, and an addi- 
tional station in Texas for the supply of a demand for fish in the 
Southwest which it is at present impossible to satisfy. 

LABORATORY FOR THE STUDY OF FISH DISEASES. 

There is again urged the importance of a station for the study of 
fish diseases and experiments in the interests of fish culture. In some 
of the hatcheries of the Bureau and in similar establishments under 
state and private auspices certain fish diseases have become so preva- 
lent as to make it a matter of grave consideration whether the propa- 
gation of certain species, especially the trouts, should not be aban- 
doned. It frequently occurs that the fish and fry are decimated by 
epidemics for which there are no known remedies, in consequence of 
which there are annually entailed on fish culture large wastes of time 
and money. In addition to the financial loss, embarrassment arises 
at times in filling legitimate demands for fish for restocking depleted 
waters, and the effect on the morale of the employees of the Bureau 
who have to struggle hopelessly against an obscure disease is not 
unworthy of consideration. The gravest phase of the matter, how- 
ever, is the possible relationship of some of these diseases to more or 
less kindred affections occurring in human beings. It, has been deter- 
mined that a type of cancerous affection is of widespread distribution 
among domesticated trout and their offspring planted in the streams. 
Whether this disease has a causal relation to cancer in human beings, 
or whether the two are to be even traced to the same source, is a mat- 
ter of doubt, but the annually increasing mortality from cancer in 
man and certain remarkable coincidences in the geographical dis- 
tribution of the disease in man and fish render it imperative that it 
should be made the subject of minute inquiry. The matter therefore 
has not only economic but humanitarian aspects, and the considera- 
tion of the serious character of the latter prompted the President to 
submit to Congress on April 9, 1910, a special message advocating an 
appropriation of $50,000 for the construction and equipment of a 
laboratory adequate to enable the Bureau to discharge its plain obli- 
gations. The Bureau in the meantime is proceeding in the investiga- 
tion to the limit of its powers, but it may be stated emphatically 
that it can make but little progress without the special facilities 
asked for. 



40 REPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES. 

FISHERY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE. 

For maivy years the Bureau has maintained at Boston and 
Gloucester, Mass., a service making current statistical reports on the 
fisheries of those ports. This service has the strong support of the 
commercial interests, and a proposition for its abandonment would 
result in instant and vigorous protest. The large fishery interests 
of the Pacific coast are becoming insistent in their requests that a 
similar service be inaugurated in that region, and the Bureau regards 
the work of such importance as to impel it to recommend provision 
for a suitable personnel for the purpose. In view of the regard in 
which the reports at Boston and Gloucester are held by the fishery 
interests, it would appear desirable to gradually extend the service 
to other places on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts having extensive vessel 
fisheries. 

NEW BUILDING. 

As has been repeatedly indicated in these reports, the quarters of 
the Bureau are antiquated, crowded, unsafe, and inadequate in every 
respect. They impede the transaction of the public business and 
interfere with efficiency and development. It is again earnestly 
recommended that provision be made for a building which will fur- 
nish offices, laboratories, workrooms, and an aquarium national in 
scope and in keeping with necessitous requirements. 
Respectfully, 

Geo. M. Bowers, 

Commissioner. 
To Hon. Charles Nagel, 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 



THE DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS DURING 
THE FISCAL YEAR WO 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 740 



CONTENTS 



Page. 

Character of the work 5 

Method of distribution 5 

Size of fish when distributed 6 

Size of allotments 7 

Species cultivated in 1910 7 

Output 9 

Statement of output by stations 10 

Allotments to State fish commissions 24 

Shipments to foreign countries 24 

Summarized statement of distributions 25 

Details of the distributions 26 

INDEX TO SPECIES. 



Atlantic salmon 


Tage. 
39 


Bass, large-mouth black 


88 


rock 


83 


sea 


110 


small-mouth black 


86 


strawberry 

striped 


81 
109 


warmouth 

white 


85 
109 


yellow 


110 


Blackspotted trout 

Blueback salmon 

Bream 


40 

30 

101 


Brook trout 


44 


Buffalofish 


28 


Carp 


27 


Catfish 


26 


Chinook salmon 


30 


Cisco 


29 


Cod 


111 


Crappie 


81 


Drum, fresh-water 


111 


Flatfish !. 


112 


Fresh -water drum 


111 


Grayling 


80 


Haddock 


111 


Humpback salmon 


30 


Lake herring 

Lake trout 


29 

43 


Landlocked salmon 

Lartje-mouth black bass 


39 

88 


Lobsters 


.... 112 


Loch Leven trout 


43 


Mackerel 


110 


Perch, pike 


105 


white 


.... 110 



Page. 

Perch, yellow 107 

Pickerel 80 

Pike 80 

Pike perch 105 

Pollock Ill 

Rainbow trout 31 

Rock bass 83 

Salmon, Atlantic 39 

blueback 30 

chinook 30 

humpback 30 

landlocked 39 

silver 29 

Sea bass 110 

Shad 28 

Silver salmon 29 

Small-mouth black bass 86 

Smelt 80 

Steelhead trout 31 

Strawberry bass 81 

Striped bass 109 

Sunapee trout 80 

Sunfish 101 

Trout, brook 44 

blackspotted 40 

lake 43 

Loch Leven 43 

rainbow 31 

steelhead 31 

Sunapee 80 

Warmouth bass 85 

White bass 109 

White perch 110 

Whitefish 29 

Yellow bass 110 

Yellow perch 107 

3 



THE DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS DURING THE 
FISCAL YEAR 1910* 



CHARACTER OF THE WORK. 

More than 95 per cent of the output of the fish-cultural stations 
consists of important commercial species, notably the salmons, shad, 
whitefish, pike perch, yellow perch, white perch, lake trout, cod, 
pollock, flatfish, and lobsters. These are hatched in lots of many- 
millions annually and planted by the Bureau, the fresh-water spe- 
cies principally in the large coastal streams and in the Great Lakes, 
the marine species upon the inshore fishing grounds of the Atlantic. 

The cultivation of the fishes of the interior waters generally classed 
as game fishes, although a comparatively small factor in the total 
output, is a very important feature of the Bureau's work, supplying 
as it does various kinds of young fish for public streams, lakes and 
ponds, fishing preserves, private ponds, streams, etc., in all parts of 
the United States. Among the fishes most extensively cultivated 
for these purposes are the landlocked salmon, several species of 
trout, the grayling, the basses, crappie, bream, and catfish; various 
others also- are handled. The trouts are artificially hatched from 
eggs taken from both wild and domesticated stock; the basses, 
catfish, and others are derived from mature fish held in ponds for 
breeding purposes, or (except the small-mouth black bass) they are 
rescued from the overflows of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers. 
Collections from the latter sources include also pike and pickerel, 
which are not distributed to applicants but are returned immediately 
to the main streams. 

METHOD OF DISTRIBUTION. 

The first consideration in the Bureau's distribution of fishes is to 
make ample return to the waters from which eggs or fish have been 
collected. The remainder of the product is consigned to suitable 
public or private waters upon application indorsed by a United 
States Senator or Representative, the Bureau furnishing to persons 
interested an application blank for this purpose. The blank calls 
for a description of the waters to be stocked, and by this information 
is determined the species of fish that is suitable and the number that 
may be allotted to the water area in question. Certain predaceous 
species, such as the basses, perches, and pickerel, are not furnished 
59395°— 11 1 5 



6 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

for waters inhabited by trout or other valuable fishes to which they 
would be destructive. Nor, of course, are species like trout and 
salmon furnished for waters already stocked with fish that would 
prey upon them. 

The fish are carried to their destination in railroad cars equipped 
for the purpose, or by messengers who accompany the shipments in 
baggage cars, and are delivered to the applicant free of charge, at 
the railroad station nearest the point of deposit. The applicant is 
advised by telegraph when the shipment will arrive, and is expected 
to make due provision for care of the fish until planted. Definite 
instructions in this respect are furnished at the time of shipment. 

During the past fiscal year (July 1, 1909, to June 30, 1910) the 
Bureau received 10,635 applications for fish, nearly all for the game 
species. The demand, especially for the basses, crappie, and the 
catfishes, has for some time been greater than could be met with 
available resources. The number of applications this year was 523 
more than in 1909. 

SIZE OF FISH WHEN DISTRIBUTED. 

Fishes are distributed at various stages of development, according 
to the species, the numbers in the hatcheries, and the facilities for 
rearing. The commercial fishes — such as the shad, whitefish, lake 
trout, pike perch, cod, etc., hatched in lots of many millions — are 
necessarily planted as fry shortly after hatching. Atlantic salmon, 
landlocked salmon, and various species of trout are reared, in such 
numbers as the hatchery facilities permit, to fingerlings from 1 to 6 
inches in length; the remainder are distributed as fry.° 

The basses, bream, and other sunfishes are distributed from some 
three weeks after they are hatched until they are several months of 
age. When the last lots are shipped the basses usually range from 
4 to 6 inches and the sunfishes from 2 to 4 inches in length. The 
numerous fishes collected in overflowed lands — basses, crappie, sun- 
fishes, catfishes, yellow perch, and others — are 2 to 6 inches in length 
when taken and distributed. 

Eggs are distributed only to state hatcheries and, occasionally, 
to applicants who have hatchery facilities. 

a The varying usage in the classification of young fish as to size has caused such confusion and difficulty 
that the Bureau has adopted uniform definitions, as follows: 

Fnj= fish up to the time the yolk sac is absorbed and feeding begins. 

Advanced /n/=fish from the end of the fry period until they have reached a length of 1 inch. 

Fingcrlmgs=Hsh. between the length of 1 inch and the yearling stage, the various sizes to be designated 
as follows: No. 1 , a fish 1 inch in length and up to 2 inches; no. 2, a fish 2 inches in length and up to 3 inches; 
No. 3, a fish 3 inches in length and up to 4 inches, etc. 

Yearlings=Qsh. that are 1 year old, but less than 2 years old from the date of hatching; these may be 
designated No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, etc., after the plan prescribed for fingerlings. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 7 

SIZE OF ALLOTMENTS. 

The Bureau does not attempt to furnish to any one applicant 
more than a brood stock of fish for a given private pond or stream, 
it being expected that these will be protected until they have had 
time to reproduce. The number of fish in an allotment is, however, 
a variable quantity, depending upon the species and the age at 
which distributed. Brook trout, which are distributed both as fry 
and fingerlings, are allotted in much larger numbers as fry than as 
fingerlings 3 or 4 inches long. Pike perch, which, owing to their 
excessive cannibalism, can not be reared and are consequently dis- 
tributed as fry, may be supplied in lots of half a million, where an 
equal water area would receive only 200 or 300 young bass from 2 to 
5 inches long. These latter larger fish have a much better chance of 
reaching maturity than have the fry, and the actual value for stocking 
purposes of a few hundred fingerling bass may therefore equal many 
thousand times this number of pike perch fry. 

SPECIES CULTIVATED IN 1910. 

The species cultivated by the Bureau in 1910 numbered some 50 
fishes and the lobster. Of these the following were artificially 
propagated : 

The catfishes (Silurid^e): 

Homed pout, bullhead, yellow cat (Ameiurus nebulosus). 

Marbled cat (Ameiurus nebulosus marmoratus). 
The shads and herrings (Clupeid^e): 

Shad (Alosa sapidissima) . 
The salmons, trouts, white'fishes, etc. (Salmonid;e): 

Common whitefish (Coregonns albus and C. clupcaforrnis). 

Lake herring, cisco (Leucichthys artedi). 

Chinook salmon, king salmon, quinnat salmon (Oncorhynchus tschaicytscha). 

Silver salmon, coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch). 

Blueback salmon, redfish, sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka). , 

Humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). 

Steelhead trout, hardhead (Salmo gairdneri). 

Rainbow trout (Salmo irideus). 

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). 

Landlocked salmon (Salmo sebago). 

Blackspotted trouts: Yellowstone Lake trout or cutthroat trout (Salmo letvisi); 
Colorado River trout (Salmo pleuriticus); Tahoe trout (Salmo henshawi). 

Loch Leven trout (Salmo trutta levensis). Introduced species, propagated in 
limited numbers for observation. 

Lake trout, Mackinaw trout, longe, togue (Cristivomer namaycush). 

Brook trout, speckled trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) . 

Sunapee trout (Salvelinus aureolus). 
The graylings (Thymallid^e): 

Montana grayling ( Thymallus montanus). 
The smelts (Argentinid^e): 

American smelt (Osmerus mordax). 



8 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

The basses, sunfishes, and crafpies ( Centra rchid.e): 

Crappie (Pomoxis annularis). 

Strawberry bass, calico bass (Pomoxis sparoides). 

Rock bass, red-eye, goggle-eye (Ambloplites rupestris). 

Warmouth, goggle-eye (Chxnobryttus gulosus). 

Small-mouth black bass (Microptcrus dolomieu). 

Large-mouth black bass (Microptcrus salmoides). 

Bluegill bream, bluegill sunfish (Lepomis pallidas). 

Other sunfishes, chiefly Eupomotis gibbosus. 
The perches (Percid^e): 

Pike perch, wall-eyed pike, yellow pike, blue pike (Stizostcdion vitreum). 

Yellow perch, ring perch (Perca Jlavescens) . 
The sea basses (Serranid.e): 

Sea bass (Centropristes striatus). 

Striped bass, rockfish (Roccus lineatus). 

White bass (Roccus chrysops). 

White perch (Morone americana). 

Yellow bass (Morone interrupta). 
The mackerels (Scombrid.ek 

Mackerel (Scomber scombrus). 
The cods (Gadhxe): 

Cod (Gadus callarias). 

Haddock ( Mclanogrammus ivglefinus. , 

Pollock (Pollachius rirais). 
The flounders (Pleuronectid^e): 

Winter flounder, American flatfish (Pseudoplcuroncctes amcricanus) . 
Crustaceans: 

American lobster (Homarus americanus). 

After the annual seasons of high water in the Mississippi basin, 
great numbers of young fish are left in sloughs and pools when the 
waters have receded, and would eventually die by the drying up of 
these shallow places in summer or freezing in winter. Large collec- 
tions are made from such sources, for return to the original stream 
and, of the most abundant species, also to supplement the hatchery 
stock for distribution. The fishes so collected in 1910 were as follows: 

The catpishes (Silurid^e): 

Spotted cat, blue cat, channel cat (Ictalurus punctatus). Only limited numbers 
obtainable. 

Horned pout, bullhead, yellow cat (Ameiurus ncbulosus). 
Tin: suckers and buffalofishes (Catostomid.e ) : 

Small-mouth bufralofish (Ictiobus bubalus). 
The minnows and carps (Cyprinid^e): 

Carp (Cyprinus carpio). Distributed in rare instances, for waters unsuited to 
other species. 
The pikes and pickerels (Esocid^e): 

Pike (Esox lucius). Restored to the wl reams; no,t distributed. 

Pickerel (Esox reticulatus) . Restored to the streams; not distributed. 
The basses, sunfishes, and crappies (Centrarchid^e): 

Crappie (Pomoxis annularis). 

Rock bass, red-eye, goggle-eye (Ambloplites rupestris). 

Warmouth, goggle-eye (Chsenobryttus gulosus). 

Large-mouth black bass (Micropterus salmoides). 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 9 

The basses, sunfishes, and crappies (Centrarchid.e) — Continued. 

Small-mouth black- bass ( Micropterus dolomieu). 

Bluegill bream, bluegill sunfish (Lepomis pallidas). 

Other sunfishes (chiefly Eupomotis gibbosus).. 
The perches (Percid^e): 

Yellow perch, ring perch (Perca flavescens) . 
The croakers (Sci/Enid^e) : 

Fresh-water drum, sheepshead, gaspergou (Aplodinotus grunnicns). Only lim- 
ited numbers obtainable. Not distributed. 

Certain introduced species are propagated to a limited extent, as 
follows : 

The minnows and carps (Cyprinid^e): 

Goldfish (Carassius auratus). Propagated for ornamental purposes; not dis- 
tributed . 

Ide (Leuciscus idas). Cultivated variety, golden ide. Propagated for ornamental 
purposes; not distributed. 

OUTPUT. 

Although unfavorable climatic conditions, in 1910, prevented the 
collection of as large numbers of eggs as usual, the superior quality 
obtained from the most important species made possible a 4 per cent 
increase over the previous record year of 1909. As appears in the 
Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries for 1910, this year's output 
of the stations was something over 473,000,000 eggs, 2,720,000,000 
fry, and 36,000,000 fingerlings, yearlings, and adults, or more than 
3,230,000,000 fish and eggs in all. The yield of the various species 
showed the usual fluctuations, there being notable increases in the 
blueback, silver, and Atlantic salmons, lake trout, lake herring, 
yellow perch, shad, cod, flatfish, and steelhead £rout, offset to some 
extent by decreases in chinook salmon, whitefish, pike perch, and 
less important fishes. 

The following table shows the work of the different stations in 1910, 
the period of operation, and the eggs and fish delivered by each sta- 
tion for distribution. It will be noted that transfers of eggs and 
fish from station to station are frequent, serving economy and con- 
venience in transportation where the shipment consists of eggs, and 
giving advantageous distributing centers in the case of young fish. 
Transfers are in all cases credited to the receiving station in the 
column of totals, but for completeness of information are recorded 
opposite both shipping and receiving station in the columns headed 
"Transfers." The purpose of this table is to be distinguished from 
that of the summary of distributions on page 25 of this report, 
which is a statement of the number of eggs and fish actually delivered 
at their destination, all losses in shipment being deducted. 



10 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Note.— The relative importance of the stations is in a degree indicated in the tattle hy marginal indentions 
haps shifting in location from year to year. Atallother substations eggs were both collected and hatched, 
stations to which theyare, for'administration purposes, subordinate; butit is not always possible to show 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 
stations. 


Afognak, Alaska 

Entire year. 










Humpback salmon 
Chinook salmon.. . 

Rainbow trout 








7,331,217 
13,680 


Nashua, 100,000... 




Entire year. 


Central station, 15,000. 








Leadville, 25000 




Chinook salmon. . . 

Blackspotted trout 

Rainbow trout 

Chinook salmon.. . 

Silver salmon 


7,358,800 

438, 550 

100,000 

15,849,450 

100,000 




Oct.-Jan. 
Derby, Nev 

Jan. -May. 
Mill Creek, Cal 














Oct.-Jan. 






Entire year. 






Blueback salmon. . 


100,000 
















Humpback salmon 

Silver salmon 

Steelhead trout 








Entire year. 


275,000 
300,000 






Cape Vincent, 25,000. . 
Spearfish, 25,000 


Day Creek, 769,000 






Illabott Creek, 431,740. 


Day Creek, Wash 

Feb.-June. 






Birdsview, 769,000 


Chinook salmon. . . 


439,990 


Birdsview, 431,740 




July-Oct. 






Juan Island, Wash. 
July-Oct. 
Battery, Havre de 


Yellow perch 

White perch 

Shad 


5,200.000 

10,500,000 

800,000 










Feb. 27-Mav 25. 


















780,000 






Entire year. 


Flatfish 






Cod 




























July 1-Jan. 1. 
York, Me. . 


.do 








July 1-Oct. 31. 










Entire year. 


Blackspotted trout 
Rain how trout 




, 


Spearfish, 544,000 




85.000 
25,000 


Clackamas. 85,000. . . 










Landlocked salmon 
























Grayling, Mont 










Mar. 1-June 30. 


Grayling 








Soda Butte, National 


Blackspotted trout 

Yellow perch 

Shad 








Park, Mont. 
June 16-20. 
Bryans Point, Md 


4,030,000 
1,077,000 


Central Station, 

4,030,000. 
Central Station, 

1,077,000. 




Feb. 21-May 23. 




Cape Vincent, N. Y 


Steelhead trout 


Birdsview, 25,000.... 
Put-in-Bay, 25,000,000. 


Entire year. 


Whitefish 








Brook trout 








Lake trout 




Duluth, 5,100,000 
Put-in Bay, 5,000,000.. 
Grand Lake Stream, 

15,000. 
Wytheville, 50,000. ... 




Pike perch 








Landlocked salmon 
Rainbow trout 





















DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



11 



Output of Each, 1910. 

and italic type, the italics being used to denote substations which were merely collecting points, per- 
It should be added that some substations are more important in the actual fish-cultural work than the 
the output of these important substations separate from that of the main hatchery. 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 


Total 
output. 


Dis- Transfers to 
tributed. j other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


68,422,170 

363, 740 

2,286,257 












68, 422, 170 












363, 740 












9,502,474 






• 






13, 680 


24, 165 












24, 165 












7,358,800 


718,020 












1,156,570 












100. 000 














15,849,450 


5,808,848 
149,570 
4,554,825 
14,400 
1,368,000 
5,079,177 
1,422,938 












5,908.848 












149,570 












4, 654, 825 












14,400 












1,368,000 












5,354,177 
























1,672,938 


705,840 












705,840 


























8,250 
















120, 300, 000 

338,480,000 

5,391,000 

115,000 

128,106,000 

402,165.000 

14,888,000 

712,000 












125,500,000 












354, 980, 000 












6,191.000 












115,000 






2,052 






128, 888. 052 










402,165,000 












14,888,000 












712,000 


































353,818 
351,006 
48, 518 
18 
17,000 
28,900 
18, 718 






353, 818 












351,006 


23,000 
81,000 










71,518 










106,018 










17,000 












28,900 












18,718 










































200,285,000 

31,065,000 

46,761 

20,170,000 

941,500 

4, 852, 000 

4,800,000 

14.500 

38,000 
1,600,000 












200,285,000 












31,065,000 












46,761 












20.170,000 












941.500 












4,852,000 












4,800,000 












14,500 












38,000 












1,600,000 



12 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 
stations. 


Central Station, Wash- 


Sunfish 








ington, D. C. 


Crappie 








Entire year. 


Catfish 










Smelt 










Warmouth bass. . . 










Rock bass 










Small-mouth black 

bass. 
Large-mouth black 

bass. 






















Wytheville, 15,000 




Steelhead trout 














Baird, 15,000 










Brvans Point. 4.030,000 
l'ut-in Bay, 6.000,000.. 
St. Johnsbury, 20,000. . 
l'ut-in Bay, 640.000.... 
Detroit, 500,000. 
Bryans Point, 1,077,000 
Bozeman, 85,iKiii . 
Leadville, 100,000 
Eagle Creek, 75,000. . . . 
Spearflsh, 100,000 




















Whiteflsh 








Shad 






Clackamas, Oregon City, 


Rainbow trout 






Oreg. 


Brook trout 






Entire year. 


Steelhead trout 








Blackspotted trout 
Lake trout 














Chinook salmon... 
do 


150,000 




Rogue River, 61,600... 


Big White Salmon, 




Wash. 
Aug. 1-Feb. 28. 
Cazadero, Oreg 


Steelhead trout 






Eagle Creek, 410,000. . . 




Chinook salmon.. . 
Steelhead trout 

Chinook salmon. . . 

do 


2,452,000 
485,000 

269, 300 

14,200 
3,805,000 

484,000 




Eagle Creek,Clacka- 


Cazadero, 410,000 




mas River, Oreg. 
Mar. 15-June2f). 
Eagle and Tanner 


Clackamas, 75,000. 




Creeks, Oreg. 
Aug. 1-Oct. 1. 
Illinois River, Oreg . 


Rogue River, 14,200. 




Aug. 1-Apr. 30. 
Little White Sal- 


do 


mon, Wash. 
Entire year. 
Rogue River, Oreg. . 


do 


Clackamas, 61,600 


Illinois River, 14,200 . . 


Entire year. 


Steelhead trout 


Wil'amette, Oreg... 


Shad 








Jan. 1-July 15. 
Bybee Bridge, Rogue 


Chinook salmon. . . 








River, Oreg. 
Aug. 1-Nov. 1. 
Cold Springs, Bulloch- 


Large-mouth black 
bass. 








ville, Ga. 

Entire year. 










Catfish 










Warmouth bass... 










Rock bass 








Craig Brook, East Or- 


Brook trout 






St. Johnsbury, 5,000... 


land, Me. 


Atlantic salmon. . . 
do 


1,345,000 


Upper Penobsco t, Me., 
1,340,000. 


Entire year. 
Upper Penobscot, 


Craig Brook, 1,340,000. 

Grand Lake Stream, 
15,000. 


Me. 
Oct. 15- June 1. 


Landlocked sal- 
mon. 
Brook trout 






Entire year. 








Whiteflsh 






Detroit, 25,000,000 
Put-in Bay, 15,000,000. 




1'ike perch 








Steelhead trout 






Grand Marais,Mich. 


do 


5,425,000 


Cape Vincent, 5, 100,000 
Green Lake, 125,000. 


Northville, 5,000,000. . . 


Oct. 16-Nov. IS. 
Orand Marais, Minn . 


do 








Sept. 19-Nov.26. 
Grand Portage, Minn. 


do 








Sept.24-Oct. 15. 
Keioeenaw Point, 


do 








Mich. 
Oct. 4-Nov. 2. 
Marquette, Mich .... 


do 








Oct. 16-Nov. 11. 











DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output of Each, 1910 — Continued. 



13 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 


Total 
output. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 








5, 600 
247 
450 

9,000 
752 

2.010 

1.000 

440 






5,600 












247 












450 












9,000 
752 






















2,010 










* 


1,000 












440 


7,000 
12,000 










7,000 












12,000 






10,000" 




Nashua, 10,000. 


10,000 


3,700,000 

5, 000, 000 

18,700 

774, 000 

977,000 
51,116 

64.800 

120.000 

82.214 

12,000 

3,686,200 

3,512,200 

1,808,835 
534, 197 
49, 503 








3, 700, 000 












5,000.000 












18,700 












774, 000 












977, 000 












51,116 












64,800 












126,000 






1,418 






83,632 










12,000 






225 






3,836,425 










3, 512, 200 












1,808,835 












2,986,197 












49, 503 












269, 300 


4, 808, 000 

660, 292 

89, 850 

1,678,000 












8,613,000 


< 










1,082,692 












89, 850 












1,678,000 




















107, 850 

7,080 

100 

40 

100 

76, 550 

82, 413 






107,850 












7,080 












100 












40 












100 


196,000 
15.5, 799 

1,217,366 






Nashua, 2,200. 




272,550 










243, 212 










1,217,366 






11,400 
370,000 






11,400 






• 






370,000 


25,000,000 
13, 800, 000 










25, 000, 000 












13,800,000 






161,000 
4,246,500 






161,000 


8, 825, 000 










13,271,500 




















































































14 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 





Species. 


Eggs. 


Station and period of 
operation. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from othei 
stations. 


Duluth, Minn.— Cont'd. 

Mu nixing, Mich 

Oct. 16-Nov. 12. 










do. 








Oct. 16-Nov. 13. 


do... 








Oct. 15-Nov.l. 
Edenton N C 


Shad 


1,360,000 
4,566,000 






Jan. 2- June 30. 


Striped bass 

Small-mouth black 

bass. 
Large-mouth black 

bass. 






Apr. 1-May 30. 






Entire year. 


, 






















Wytheville, 503,000.... 


















































Entire year. 


Pollock 








Cod. 


34,689,000 


Woods Hole, 24,835,000 






Flatfish 




Green Lake, Me 

Entire year. 


Landlocked sal- 
mon. 

Brook trout 

Smelt 


55,000 

25,000 
4,500,000 


St. Johnsbury, 5,000... 


Grand Lake Stream, 
704,799. 














Duluth, 100,000 

Northville, 300,000. 




Landlocked sal- 
mon. 

Landlocked sal- 
mon. 

Brook trout 

Rainbow trout 






Sept. 13-Nov.30. 


824, 799 

605, 000 
55,000 


Duluth, 15,000 




Me. 
Entire year. 


Spearfish, 25,000 




Cape Vincent, 15,000. 
Green Lake, 704,799. 
Baird, 25,000 


- 


Entire year. 


Clackamas, 100,000. 
Manchester, 10,000 












Blackspotted trout 


235, 000 












Colo. 
Apr. 6-May 8. 










Nov.ll-Nov.30. 


do 








Oct. 18-Nov. 28. 


do 








Colo. 
Oct. 16-Nov. 12. 


Blackspotted trout 








Colo. 








July 1-Aug. 1. 


Brook trout 








Oct.25-Nov. 11. 


do 








Colo. 
Oct. 12-Dec. 6. 
Woodbridqe, Colo 


do 








Nov.27-Dec.3. 
Mammoth Spring, Ark. . 


Large-mouth 

black bass. 
Small-mouth 

black bass. 
Rainbow trout 








Entire year. 




' 






















Des Arc, Ark 


White bass 








Mar. 4-May 7. 
Helena, Ark 


Catfish 








Aug. 24-Dec. 29 


Buffalo fish 










Rock bass 










Pike perch 










Fresh-water drum 
Sunfish 


















Crappie 










Large-mouth 
black bass. 



























DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output of Each, 1910 — Continued. 



15 



! 
Fry. Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 




Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


output. 












































48,262,000 
2, 069, 000 












49, 622, 000 
7, 235, 000 
















706 

4,860 

233, 600 

490, 780 

230 

1,450 

18, 535 

3,860 






700 


17,600 










22,460 
233, 600 




















490, 780 
230 






















1,450 












18,535 












3,860 


16, 900, 000 

38, 140, 000 

134,053,000 

312,820,000 

586, 100 

1,001,500 










16,900,000 












38, 140, 000 












143, 907, 000 












312, 820, 000 






237,264 






873, 364 










1,026,500 












4, 500, 000 


351,922 












351,922 


























468,640 


381,440 

2,612,880 

325,600 

24,700 

565,600 






22, 200 

379, 640 
217,625 
















3,472,520 










588,225 










24,700 






37,000 






837, 600 


































































































































1,400 

82,510 

200 
4,300 






1,400 












82,510 












200 












4,300 




















21,540 

178,675 

10,215 

800 

8,950 

85,365 

177,010 

18,230 

250 
5,950 






21,540 












178, 675 












10,215 












800 












8,950 












85,365 












177,010 








Tupelo, 1,600.. 




18,230 












250 












5,950 



16 



DISTKIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 

stations. 




















Put-in Bay, 3,500,000.. 






















Rainbow trout 

Small-mouth 
black bass. 


125,650 




Loadville, 10,000 














July 15-Oct. 19. 


Yellow perch 








Large-mout h 

black bass. 
Catfish 






















































































North McGregor, 










Iowa. a 










July 15-Oct. 6. 


Large-mouth 
black bass. 




























Carp 










Pike 










Fresh-water drum . 








Nashua, N. H 


Small-mouth 

black bass. 
Sunapee trout 








Entire year. 










Brook trout 










Chinook salmon. . . 






Baird, 100,000 




Rainbow trout 






Wytheville, 50,000 


Lake Sunapee, N.H . 


Brook trout 






Oct. 13-Nov. 22. 


Sunapee trout 










Landlocked salmon 

Rainbow trout 

Large- mouth 

black bass. 
Rock bass 










41,264 






Entire year. 
















Crappie 










Carp 










Yellow perch 










Pike perch 






Put-in Bay, 1,800,000.. 




Small-mou t h 

black bass. 
Brook trout 






Entire year. 










Rainbow trout 






Wytheville, 100,000.... 
Charlevoix, 3,066,560. . 

Northville, 4,000,000... 
Detroit, 15,000,000 


Alpena, Mich 


Lake trout 

Lake trout 


34, 894, 000 


Duluth, 5,000,000 

Green Lake, 300,000. 
Sault Ste. Marie, 

5,000,000. 
Alpena, 4,000,000. 
Charlevoix, 10,584,000. 


Feb. 23-May 4. 


Whitefish 






Bay City, Mich 


Pike perch 






Apr. 1-Apr. 29. 
Belle hie, Mich 


Whitefish 








Oct. 25-Dec. 12. 

Charlevoix, Mich. . . 

Oct.20-Dec.21. 


Lake trout 

Whitefish 


3,066,560 


Northville, 3,066,560. . . 


Northville, 10,584,000.. 
Detroit, 15,000,000 


Feb.28-May 4. 
Cheboygan, Mich 


Lake trout 






Oct.18-Nov.15. 
Detour, Mich 










Oct. 15-NC7. 10. 












a Station for the collection of fishes from overflowed lands. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output op Each, 1910 — Continued. 



17 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 




Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


output. 








8,300 






8,300 

3, 300, (KM) 

866,500 

3,880 

9 11 350 


3,300,000 














866,500 

3,880 

85,700 

9,695 

53,875 
10,320 
77,025 

111,500 

500 

102,820 

22,300 

22,800 

39,500 

4,460 

100 

95,125 

136, 100 

162, 025 

384, 700 

84, 700 

115 

3,800 

3,000 




































9,695 

53,875 
10,320 
77,025 

111,500 
500 


























































102, 820 
22,300 
22,800 
39,500 
4,460 
100 






























































95, 125 












136, 100 












162, 025 
384, 700 






















84,700 
115 












:::::::::::: 










3,800 












3,000 


21,600 

171,029 
788, 000 










21,600 












171,029 












788,000 




St. Johnsbury, 
104,000. 


57,300 




Craig Brook, 

2,200. 
Central Station, 

10,000. 


57,300 






















































168, 500 






52,855 
11,650 

30, 025 

12,950 

115 

50 






262,619 










11,650 












30, 025 












12,950 












115 












50 


1,400,000 
162,000 

426,000 
500 










1 , 400, OIK) 






14,000 

106,200 
82,000 
3,500 






176, 000 










532,200 










82,500 










10,013,500 


4,000,000 
15,000,000 










4,000,000 












15,000,000 




























10, 584, 000 
15,000,000 












10,584,000 












15,000,000 











































18 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 
stations. 


North ville, Mich.— Con. 




74,500,000 
34,280,000 


Central Station. 500,000 
Duluth, 20,000,000. 
Sault S te. Marie, 

20,000,000. 
Alpena, 15,000,000. 
Charlevoix, 15,000,000. 




. Entire year. 


Pike perch 




Fair port, Mich 

Oct.20-Nov.23. 






do 








Nov.6-Nov.18. 
Grassy Island, Mich . 
Oct.25-Dec. 12. 


Whitefish 








do 








Nov.15-Nov.24. 

Northport, Mich 

Oct.26-Noy.18. 


















May 1-May 20. 










Nov. 1-Nov. 24. 


Whitefish 






Detroit, 20,000,000 
Northville, 5,000,000... 










Feb.20-May21. 


do 






Oct. 15-Nov. 22. 

Put-in Bay, Ohio 

Entire year. 


Pike perch 

Whitefish 


324,475,000 

77,068,000 
1,440,000 


Duluth, 15,000,000 




Central Station, 

6,000,000. 
Neosho, 1,800,000. 
Meredosia, 5,000,000. 
Wytheville, 1,000,000. 
Manchester, 3,500,000. 
CapeVincent, 5,000,000. 
Cape Vincent, 

25,000,000. 
Central Station ,640.000. 






Lake herring 

Whitefish 










Nov.10-Nov.23. 


do 








Nov. 7-Dec. 3. 


do 








Nov. l-Nov.28. 


Pike perch 








Apr. 1-Apr. 20. 
North Bass Island, 


Whitefish 








Ohio. 


Pike perch .... 








Nov.5-Dec.3. 
Apr. 10-28. 
Port Clinton, Ohio.. 


Whitefish 








Nov.3-Dec.2. 


Pike perch 








Apr. 3-May 7. 
Toledo, Ohio. .' 


do 








Apr. 1-May 11. 
Quincy, 111 










Entire vear. 
Meredosia, lll.a 


Crappie 








July-Dec. 


Carp 










Large-mouth black 

bass. 
Catfish 












' 






Yellow perch 










Sunfish 










Pike perch 






Put-in Bay, 5,000,000. . 


St. Johnsbury, Vt 


Brook trout 

Small-mouth black 
bass. 

Landlocked sal- 
mon. 

Yellow perch 


35,000 


Central Stat ion, 20,000. 


Entire year. 


Craig Brook, 5,000.. 
















Green Lake, 5,000 








Darling Pond, Vt. .. 


Brook trout 








Sept. 1-Dec. 21. 
Hatch Pond, South 


do 








Pyegatc, Vt. 
Aug. 9-Nov. 13. 
Lake Mitchell, Vt... 










Sept. 1-Dec. 17. 











a Station for the collection of fishes from overflowed lands. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output of Each, 1910 — Continued. 



19 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 




Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Total 
output. 


25,000,000 
12, 100, 000 












29,000,000 
46,380,000 










































































































20,000,000 
5,000,000 












20,000,000 












5,000,000 














89,375,000 

75,020,000 
70,300,000 












376,550,000 
126, 448, 000 






















71,740,000 


















































































































































20,100 

35 

108,045 

25,350 
9,055 
25,000 






20,100 












35 












108,045 












25,350 












9,055 












25,000 


4, 250, 000 
1,661,000 










4,2.50,000 
1,267,346 


Holden,300, 000. 




346 




Holden, 31,425. 


Nashua,104,000 










140,000 
4,800 






2,550 






142,550 


Holden, 1,800. .. 






Holden, 1,000. . . 


3,000 






3,595 




3,595 










































■ 


J 













20 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 
stations. 


St.Johnsbury,Vt — Con. 
Holden.Vt 










Julyl-Nov.13. 
Apr. 12- June 30. 


Landlocked sal- 
mon. 












































Entire year. 










Large-mouth 
black bass. 


























Spearfish, S. Dak 

Entire year. 










Landlocked sal- 
mon. 






Grand Lake Stream, 
25,000. 








Blackspotted 
trout. 


2,719,000 


Clackamas, 100,000 






Bozeman, 544,000. 


Wytheville, 100,000.... 
Birdsview, 25,000 
















lah, Wi/o. 
Oct. '20-Jan. 15. 


do 






Dak. 
Oct.20-Dec. 31. 
Thumb of Lake, 


Blackspotted 
trout. 

do 








Yellowstone Na- 
tional Park, Wyo. 
May 25-Aug. 1. 
Clear Creek, Yel- 








lowstone National 
Park, Wyo. 
June 1-Aug. 10. 


do 




• 




Yellowstone Na- 
tional Park, Wyo. 
June 1-Aug. 10. 
Cub Creek, Yel- 


do 








lowstone National 
Park, Wyo. 
June 1-Aug. 10. 
Steamer Fish Hawk, 


Shad 








Delaware River, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 

May 6-June 1. 
Tupelo, Miss 


Sunflsh 







Entire year. 


Large-mouth 

black bass. 
Crappie 
















Catfish 








White Sulphur Springs. 


Rainbow trout 

Brook trout 

Large-mouth 

black bass. 
Small-mouth 

black bass. 
Blackspotted 

trout. 
Lobster 


100,900 
1,000 






W. Va. 






Entire year. 






















Woods Hole, Mass 








Entire year. 


Cod 






Gloucester, 24,835,000.. 




Mackerel 








Flatfish 










Sea bass 










Lobster 








Oct. 1-Oct. 9. 
East Greenwich, 


Flatfish 








Mass. 
Mar. 1-Apr. 1. 
Gosnold, Mass 


Lobster 






• 


Sept. 16-Oct. 9. 

May23-June23. 

Newport, R. I 


Flatfish 








Mar. 10- Apr. 1. 











DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output of Each, 1910— Continued. 



21 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 




Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to ' 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


output. 






St. Johnsbury, 

300,000. 
St. Johnsbury, 

1,800. 


177,975 
3,500 
3,370 


St. Johnsbury, 

31,425. 
St. Johnsbury, 

1,000. 




177,975 








3,500 






3,370 


20,000,000 
1,000,000 










20,000,000 












1,000,000 






4,130 

3,335 

138,239 

9,675 

25 

684,000 

12,000 

68,248 
514, 750 

234, 775 






4,130 












3,335 












138, 239 












9,675 












25 












684,000 












12,000 












68,248 




Bozeman,400,000 








2, 989, 750 










234,775 


































































































1,703,000 












1,703,000 






9,950 
18,850 

1,550 

100 

262,275 

821,870 

3,200 

1,750 
2,480 






9,950 










Helena, 1,600. . . 


18,850 










1,550 












100 












363, 175 


59,000 










881,870 










3,200 


200,000 










201,750 










2,480 


17,499,000 
61,413,000 

764,000 
215,770,000 

808,000 










17,499,000 












61,413,000 












764,000 












215,770,000 












808,000 


















, 





















































59395°— 11- 



22 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Stations Operated and the 



Station and period of 
operation. 


Species. 


Eggs. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to other 
stations. 


Transfers from other 
stations. 


Woods Hole, Mass. — 
Continued. 










Sept. 29-Oct. 21. 

Plymouth, Mass 

Nov. 10-Mar. 22. 


Cod 
















May 3-June 23. 
Waquoit, Mass 

Jan. 20-Mar. 23. 
Westport, Mass 

May 3-June 23. 


Flatfish 








Lobster 








do 








May 3-June 23. 
Oct. 1-Oct. 10. 
Wkkford, R.I.. 
Mar. 17- Apr. 1. 
Wytheville, Va 


Flatfish 








Large-mouth 

black bass. 
Small-mouth 

black bass. 








Entire year. 


















Yellow perch 










Rainbow trout 

Brook trout 


948,000 


Erwin, 503,000 






Cape Vincent, 50,000. 
Nashua, 50,000. 
Spearfish, 100,000. 
Central Station, 15,000. 
North ville, 100,000. 






Carp 










Pike perch 






Put-in Bay, 1,000,000.. 


Yes Bay, Alaska 


Blueback salmon. . 






Entire year. 
Total output of 










Bureau. 











DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Output of Each, 1910 — Continued. 



2a 



Fry. 


Fingerlings, yearlings, and adults. 




Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Dis- 
tributed. 


Transfers to 
other stations. 


Transfers from 
other stations. 


Total 
output. 




































































































39,000 
14,000 






29,225 

1,100 

11,250 

125 

230,600 

173, 450 
120 






68 225 










15>100> 

11,250* 




























360,600 

173, 450 

120 

1,000,000 

69,879,600 






















1,000,000 
48,160,000 














21,719,600 














3,233,012,237 















24 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
ALLOTMENTS TO STATE FISH COMMISSIONS. 



As usual, various state fish commissions were supplied from the 
Bureau's stock with eggs to be hatched and distributed under their 
respective auspices. Following is a record of such allotments in 1910: 

Allotments of Fish and Eggs to State Fish Commissions, Fiscal Year 1910. 



State and species. 


Eggs. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


State and species. 


Eggs. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


California: 


28,764,407 

225,000 

5,200,000 

500,000 

4,000,000 

8,000,000 

41,264 

20,000 
5,000,000 
34,280,000 

100,000 

25,000 

2,000,000 




New York: 

Blackspotted trout 

Rainbow trout 


50,000 

41,500 

15,000 

15,000,000 

100,000 
10,000,000 

18,000,000 
170,725,000 

6,465,300 
175,000 

75,000 

50,000 

31,428,000 

96,450,000 

50,000 
100,000 

4,500,000 

075,000 












Landlocked salmon 












North Dakota: 












Pike perch 




Whitefish 




Ohio: 
Whitefish 


















Michigan: 





Oregon: 


60 




3,500 


Blackspotted trout 

Pennsylvania: 
Silver salmon 


45 














Whitefish 


















Minnesota: 


18,250 


Washington: 






550,000 
500,000 

422,100 

100,000 






Blackspotted trout 


Wisconsin: 




Whitefish 




3,880 


Nevada: 
Blackspotted trout 




Wyoming: 
Blackspotted trout 

Total 




New Hampshire: 






443, 627, 631 


25,735 













SHIPMENTS TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 

In response to requests reaching the Bureau through diplomatic 
channels, fish and fish eggs have been donated to foreign countries 
as follows: 

Shipments op Fish and Eggs to Foreign Countries, Fiscal Year 1910. 



Country. 



Species. 



Eggs. 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



Argentina. 



France 

Japan 

Mexico 

Total. 



Chinook salmon 

Silver salmon 

Blueback salmon 

Landlocked salmon . 

Lake trout 

Blackspotted trout.. 

Rainbow trout 

Brook trout 

Carp 



200,000 

100,000 

100,000 

25,000 

50,000 

10,000 

110,000 

5,000 



600,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



25 



SUMMARIZED STATEMENT OF DISTRIBUTIONS. 

The following table shows the numbers of eggs and fish actually 
distributed during the fiscal year 1910; or, in other words, the output 
of the hatcheries with all losses in transportation deducted. It thus 
does not agree with the tabulated summary in the Annual Report 
of the Commissioner for this year, compiled at an earlier date, which 
shows the numbers of eggs and fish delivered by the stations for dis- 
tribution, the subsequent losses in transportation not being con- 
sidered : 

Summary of Distribution of Fish and Eggs, Fiscal Year 1910. 



Species. 



Catfish 

Carp 

Buffalofish 

Shad 

Whitefish 

Lake herring 

Silver salmon 

Chinook salmon 

Blueback salmon 

Humpback salmon 

Steelhead trout 

Rainbow trout 

Atlantic salmon 

Landlocked salmon 

Blackspotted trout • 

Loch Leven trout 

Lake trout 

Brook trout 

Sunapee trout 

Grayling 

Smelt 

Pike 

Pickerel 

Crappie and strawberry bass . 

Rock bass 

Warmouth bass 

Small-mouth black bass 

Large-mouth black bass 

Sunfish (bream) 

Pike perch 

Yellow perch 

Striped bass 

White bass 

White perch 

Yellow bass 

Sea bass 

Mackerel 

Freshwater drum 

Cod 

Pollock 

Haddock 

Flatfish 

Lobster 



Total 473, 535, 401 2, 721, 832, 015 



Eggs. 



2,100,000 

55,428,000 

1,440,000 

375,000 

37,531,417 

100,000 



250,000 

556,494 

5,000 

115,000 

2,748,550 



10,210,000 
516,000 



25,000 
4,500,000 



321,455,000 
5,200,000 
4,566,000 



16,500,000 



9,854,000 



Fry. 



89,076,000 

195,719,000 

70,300,000 

10,888,025 

16,342,556 

121,136,995 

1,731,740 

3,570,287 

595,616 

1,217,366 

974,040 

1,756,094 



33,645,922 

7,365,945 

171,029 

81,000 



537,400 
56,600 



154,480,000 

326,885,000 

2,784,000 



338,480,000 



808,000 
764,000 



210,354,000 

38,140,000 

712,000 

930,755,000 

162,505,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



531,892 
22,710 
201,475 



66,045 
21,719,600 



179,718 

1,705,328 

238,212 

301,064 

906, 654 

68,248 

4,286,150 

4,085,174 



18 

9,000 

43,300 

500 

410,428 

66,035 

792 

109,980 

665,868 

342,825 

5,260 

108,439 



6,050 
""'250 



1,532 



30,094,503 



Total. 



531,892 

22,710 

201,475 

91,236,000 

251,147,000 

71,740,000 

11,263.025 

53,940.018 

142,950,595 

1,731,740 

4,000,005 

2,857,438 

1,460,578 

1,390,104 

5,411,298 

68,248 

48,142.072 

11,967,119 

171,029 

106,018 

4,509,000 

43,300 

500 

410,428 

66,035 

792 

647,386 

722,468 

342,825 

475,940,260 

332,193.439 

7,350,000 

6,050 

354,980,000 

250 

808,000 

764,000 

11,950 

220,208,000 

38,140,000 

712,000 

930,755,000 

162,506,532 



3,231,462,579 



26 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGOS, 1910. 



DETAILS OF DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, FISCAL 

YEAR 1910. 



CATFISH. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Arizona: 


100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 

100 
100 
125 
20,640 
100 
273 
100 
150 

100 
200 

100 

300 
300 

400 
450 
450 
500 
500 
500 

500 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
200 
300 

400 

400 

2,500 

4,000 

187,500 

65 
80 
65 
65 

200 

400 
300 
200 

100 

150 
450 
150 
150 

500 

480 

480 

480 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

650 

480 


Minnesota: 


43,250 

800 


Mahnomen, Mayzhuckegishig Lake 

Rochester, Zumbro River, South Fork. 
Mississippi: 




500 








100 


Missouri: 
Brandsville, Niessen's pond 






150 


Arkansas: 




400 


Seligman, Mountain Pond 


200 




Springfield, Appleby's pond 


200 




New Jersey: 

Mullica Hill, Mullica Hill Pond 

Pompton Lakes, Pompton Lakes 

Washington, Fair Haven Pond 






400 




400 




100 


Mammoth Spring, Warm Fork Creek . . 


New Mexico: 
Clovis, Laughing Water Pond 


100 






80 




Corona, Ingram's pond 


80 


Rifle, White River 


Deming, Burney's pond 


100 


Georgia: 




200 


Hon's pond 


100 






100 




Kelly's pond 


100 




Elida, Brown's pond 


100 






100 




Las Vegas, Asylum Lake 


100 






100 




Montoya, Paloma Springs 


80 




Portales, Humble's pond 


100 


Odell, Odell Pond... 


Twin Mill Ponds 


100 




Silver Citv, Central Creek Pond 


100 




100 




Tucumcari, Buchanan's pond 


80 




New York: 






300 


Evansville, Bockstege's pond 




150 


Unadilla, Susquehanna River 


300 




Walden, Wallkill River 


152 




Wallkill, Dwaarskill Creek 


155 


Tilden, Hadley's pond 


North Dakota: 






3,000 
100 






Independence, Wapsipinicon River 

Lime Springs, Upper Iowa River 




150 




100 




150 


North McGregor, Mississippi River 
Kansas: 




400 


Ohio: 


100 






250 




Upper Stillwater Creek ...... 


150 


Pawnee, Payton's pond 


150 


Kentucky: 




100 


Elizabethtown, Hagan's pond 




100 


Hodgensville, Nolin Creek 


Ironton, Rucker's pond 


150 


Nolin Creek, North Fork. 


100 


Tharpe's pond 




250 


Louisiana: 




100 


Grand Cane, Clear Springs Pond 




150 


Maryland: 




150 


Loch Raven, Harrison's pond 




100 


Mountain Lock, Potomac River 




100 


Rocky Ridge, Owings Creek 




400 






100 


Massachusetts: 


Wicklifle Lake 


200 




Oklahoma: 
Aline, Elliott's pond 




Michigan: 


100 


Collins, Grand River 




100 






200 






200 


Lakeview, Brimmer Lake 




100 


Tamarack Lake 




125 




Wild Horse Pond 


150 


Perm, Mud Lake 




100 




Erick, Garrett's pond 


100 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



27 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
CATFISH— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Oklahoma — Continued. 

Glencoe, Greenwood Lake 

South Side Pond 

Guymon, Jordan's pond 

Hastings, Wabash Pond 

Isabella, Wahl's pond 

Lawton, Park Lake 

Maramec, Maramec Lake 

Marshall, Crouch's pond 

Proctor's pond 

Perkins,Canon Pond 

Stigler, Hall's pond .'. 

Stillwater, Boomer Creek 

Kautz's ponds 

Nash's pond 

Swartz's pond 

Stratford, Davis's pond 

Waynoka, Hancock's pond 

Yost, Newman's pond 

Yost Lake 

Pennsylvania: 

Birdsboro, Monocacy Creek 

Carbon Center, Carbon Center Pond.. 

Factory ville, Lake Carey 

Greensburg, Hacke Pond 

Kingston, Ryman's pond 

Rahns, Perkiomen Creek 

Reading, Maiden Creek 

Rupert, Wide Water Canal 

Seottdale, Mill Race Pond 

Smiths Ferry, Woodlawn Pond 

Susquehanna, Churchill's lake 

Susquehanna River. . . 

Troy, Cross Roads Creek 

Lilhnary Creek 

Mud Creek 

Sugar Creek 

Wilkes Barre, Bear Lake 

Wolmesdorf, Tulpehocken Creek 

Wagners Pond 

South Carolina: 

Blackville, Rodgers Pond 

Graycourt, North Rabun Creek 

Honea Path, Barkers Creek 

Broad Creek 

Haynie Pond 

Kays Pond 

Pickens, Bivers Lake 

Holders Lake 

Spring Lake 

Thornley Pond 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



75 

75 

250 

125 

100 

175 

150 

100 

100 

75 

200 

100 

75 

75 

75 

100 

275 

75 

75 

200 
100 
350 
100 
400 
400 
400 
200 
150 
100 
300 
300 
100 
100 
100 
450 
150 
400 
400 

175 
125 
150 
200 
150 
200 
250 
250 
300 
200 



Disposition. 



South Carolina — Continued. 

Starr, Pruitt's pond 

Walhalla, Carey's pond 

South Dakota: 

Fairfax, Manhalter's pond 

Philip, Grindstone Pond 

Presho, Corkill's lake 

Scenic, Knutson's pond 

Warner, Papke's pond 

Vermont: 

Bellows Falls, Connecticut River 

Virginia: 

Covington, McAllister's pond 

Dillwyn, North River 

Slate River 

Gainesville, Broad Run 

Houston, Easley Mill Pond 

Occoquan, Occoquan River 

Palmyra, Rivanna River. '. 

Urbanna, Jackson's pond 

Washington: 

Addy, Blue Lake 

Spring Lake 

Anacortes, Lake Erie 

Montesano, Silvia Lake 

Oroville, Lemonosky Lake 

West Virginia: 

Bedington, Emerson's pond 

Benwood, Riedel's pond 

Grafton, Otter Creek Pond 

Nuttall, Chalybeate Spring Pond 

Romney, Potomac River, South Branch. 
Wisconsin: 

Brillion, Long Lake 

Round Lake 

Genoa, Mississippi River 

La Crosse, Mississippi River 

Mauston, Drainage Canal 

Pelican, Little Mud Lake 

Rice Lake 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River 

Sheboygan Falls, Sheboygan River 

Victory, Mississippi River 

Wyoming: 

Lusk, " J.M." Company's pond 

Moorcroft, Lone Tree Reservoir 

Newcastle, Lodge Pole Creek 

Sheridan, Big Horn Pond 

Totala 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



125 
125 

150 
200 
200 
200 
200 

400 

150 
300 
300 
300 
230 
300 
350 
550 

75 
75 
150 
150 
150 

150 

250 
250 
250 
550 

300 
300 

4,166 
47,418 
300 
300 
400 
172,500 
500 

1,666 

400 
200 
250 
150 



531,892 



CARP. 



Kansas: 

Pittsburg, North Lake 

Minnesota: 

Brownsville, Mississippi River 

New York: 

Riverhead, Harrison's pond 

Oklahoma: 

Stillwater, Willow Pond 

Vian, Allen's pond 

Virginia: 

Wytheville, Brownings Mill Pond 
Indian Creek 




West Virginia: 

Moundsville, Jones's pond... 
Wisconsin: 

Genoa, Mississippi River 

La Crosse, Mississippi River. 

Victory, Mississippi River... 
Mexico: 

Sonora, Ysabel Lake 

Total 



15 

1,666 

10,318 

1,666 

25 



22,710 



a Lost in transit, 12,078 fingerlings. 



28 DISTRIBUTION OF PISH AND PISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

BUFFALOFISH. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Arkansas: 


178,675 
8,650 


Wisconsin: 


2,666 






11,318 






166 




Total 






201,475 









SHAD. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


District of Columbia: 
Washington, Anacostia 




295,000 
682,000 

980,000 

2,504,000 

234,000 

3,485,000 

821,000 

396,000 

898,000 

5,044,000 

4,621,000 

70,000 

3,572,000 

385,000 

803,000 

500,000 


New Jersey— Continued. 
Riverton, Delaware 




80,000 


Potomac 




Timber Creek, Delaware 




120,000 


Maryland: 
Accokeek Creek, Potomac 




New York: 
New York, New York 


800,000 
1,360,000 


Broad Creek, Potomac 




North Carolina: 
Edenton, Albemarle 




Carpenters Point, North 




47,762,000 
500,000 


Tarboro, Tar River 


Havre de Grace, Chesa- 




Oregon: 
Willamette, Willamette 






Susquehanna 




1,588,000 


Pennsylvania: 
Poquessing Creek, Dela- 






Swan 




200,000 


Occoquan Bay, Potomac 




Virginia: 
Dogue Creek, Potomac 






Pamunkey Creek, Poto- 




2,401,000 


Little Hunting Creek, 






Piscataway Creek, Poto- 




2,717,000 


Occoquan Creek, Poto- 






Swan Creek, Chesapeake 
Bay 




3,391,000 


Pamunkey Creek, Poto- 










600.000 




Pohick Creek, Potomac 






Wild Duck Harbor, Sus- 




4,337,000 




Washington: 






New Jersey: 




90,000 


Total 










2,160;000 


89,076,000 













DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
WHITEFISH. 



29 



Disposition. 



Fish 



Illinois: 

Havana, Illinois 

Commission 

Michigan: 

Alpena, Lake Huron 

Belle Isle, Lake St. Clair. . 

Detour, Lake Huron....'. . 
Lake Michigan... 

Detroit, Detroit River 

Escanaba, Lake Michigan. 

Fish Island, Lake Supe- 
rior 

Isle Royale, Lake Supe- 
rior 

McCargoes Cove, Lake 
Superior 

Mamstique, Lake Michi- 
gan 

Marquette, Lake Supe- 
rior 

North Point, Lake Huron. 

Skilligallee Reef, Lake 
Michigan 

St. Ignace, Lake Huron . . 

Sand Bay Reef, Lake 
Michigan 

Scarecrow Island, Lake 
Huron 

Simmons Reef, Lake 
Michigan 

Whitefish Point, Lake 

Superior 

Minnesota: 

Duluth, Lake Superior. . . 

Grand Marais, Lake Su- 
perior 

Susie Island, Lake Supe- 
rior 



Eggs. 



4,000,000 



Fry. 



1,000,000 
9,000,000 
0,000,000 
3,000,000 
10,000,000 
2,000,000 

490,000 

13,100,000 

210,000 

2,000,000 

4,655,000 
9,000,000 

5,000,000 
2,000,000 

5,000,000 

5,000,000 

5,000,000 

5,000,000 

300,000 

3,000,000 

3,000,000 



Disposition. 



Montana: 

Anaconjda, Montana State 

Fishery 

New York: 

Cape Vincent, Lake On- 
tario 

Chaumont, Lake Ontario. 

Cooperstown, Otsego Lake 

Fox Island, Lake Ontario. 

Fullers Bay, Lake Onta- 
rio : 

Grenadier Island, Lake 
Ontario 

Hayes Point, Lake On- 
tario 

Mexico, Lake Ontario. . . . 

New York, New York 
Aquarium 

Oneida Lake, Oneida 
Lake 

Wilson Bay, Lake On- 
tario 

Ohio: 

Catawba Island, Lake 
Erie 

Isle St. George, Lake Erie. 

Kelleys Island, Lake Erie. 

Lakeside, Lake Erie 

Put-in Bay,Lake Erie 

Ohio State 
Fish Commission . 

Toledo, Lake Erie 

Pennsylvania: 

Erie, Pennsylvania Fish 
Commission 



Total i 



Eggs. 



500,000 



18,000,000 
31,428,000 



55,428,000 



Fry. 



1,500.000 

2,000,000 

387,000 

3,500,000 

170,000 

5, 500, 000 

2,000,000 
4,000,000 



387.000 
1,500,000 



10,000,000 
10,000,000 
20,000,000 
20.000 
25,000,000 



10,000,000 



195,719,000 



LAKE HERRING, OR CISCO. 



Ohio: 

Cleveland, Lake Erie 

Isle St. George, Lake Erie. 
Kelleys Island, Lake Erie. 

Lakeside, Lake Erie 

Middle Bass, Lake Erie... 



1,440,000 



10,000,000 

10,000,000 

300,000 

20.000,000 



Ohio— Continned. 
Port Clinton, Lake Erie. 
Put-in Bay, Lake Erie... 
Toledo, Lake Erie 



Total. 



10,000,000 
10,000,000 
10,000,000 



1,440,000 



70,300,000 



SILVER SALMON. 



California: 
Brookdale, San Lorenzo 

River 

Santa Cruz 

County Hatchery . 

Pennsylvania: 

Pleasant Mount, State 

Fish Commission 



100,000 
100,000 

75,000 



Washington: 

Baker, Baker Lake 

Lower Baker River 
Birdsview, Grandy Creek 
Argentina: 
Buenos Aires, Argentine 
Government 



Total. 



urn. nun 



375,000 



5,308,848 

500,000 

5,079,177 



10,888,025 



o Lost in transit, 245,000 fry. 



30 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 

CHINOOK SALMON. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



California: 

Baird, McCloud River 

Brookdale, Santa Cruz County Hatchery 

Eel River, California Fish Commission 

Point Reyes, applicant 

Sisson, California Fish Commission 

New Hampshire: 

Edgemont, Lake Sunapee 

Laconia, New Hampshire Fish Commission 

Newbury, Lake Sunapee 

New York: 

New York, New York Aquarium 

Port Kent, Lake Cham plain 

Tuxedo Park, applicant 

Westport, Lake Cham plain 

Oregon : 

Bonneville, Oregon Fish Commission 

Cazadero, Clackamas River 

Clackamas, Clackamas River 

Oregon Fish Commission 

Rogue River, Elk Creek 

Rogue River 

Wedderburn, applicant 

Washington: 

Baker, Baker Lake 

Big White Salmon, Columbia River 

Spring Creek 

Birdsview, Grandy Creek 

Little White Salmon, Columbia River 

Little White Salmon River. 

Seattle, Exposition Aquarium 

Argentina: 

Buenos Aires, Argentine Government 



Totala. 



1,000,000 

1,549,500 

300, 000 

27,214,907 



100,000 
5,000 



25,000 
0, 465, 300 



572, 400 



99, 250 
200.000 



2, 2S6, 257 



534,197 
3,686,200 



160, 362 
499, 930 



349. 570 

2,012.200 

900,000 

705.840 

1,900.000 

2,908,000 



37,531,417 16,342,556 



7,380 
51,266 



3,600 
"3,"640 



95 



66, 045 



BLUEBACK SALMON. 



Alaska: 




34,018,060 
34,404,110 














21,719,600 






48, 160, 000 

4,404,825 
150,000 




Washington: 












Argentina: 

Buenos Aires, Argentine Government 


100, 000 










Total 


100,000 


121,136,995 


21,719,600 





o Lost in transit, 1,480 fingerlings. 
HUMPBACK SALMON. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Alaska: 

Afognak, Letnik Lake 

Washington: 

Birdsview, Grandy Creek 

Total 



363, 740 
1,368,000 



1,731,740 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 



31 



STEELHEAD TROUT. 



Disposition. 



Maryland: 

Clear Spring, Tom Run Pond 

Michigan: 

Humboldt, Black River 

Michigamme River 

Spruce River 

Munising, applicant 

Watersmeet, Duck Lake 

Wetmore, Big Indian River 

Minnesota: 

Duluth, Canosia Lake 

Pike Lake 

Knife River, Mic Mac Lake 

Teteagonche Lake 

Montana: 

Bozeman, Bridger Creek 

Deer Lodge, Powell Lake 

Libby, Kootenai River 

Logging Creek, Belt Creek 

Norris, Madison River Power Co. Lake. 
New York: 

Auburn, Owasco Lake 

Pulaski, Salmon River 

North Dakota: 

St. John, State fish commission 

Oregon: 

Cazadero, Clackamas River 

Eagle Creek, Eagle Creek 

Rogue River, Elk Creek 

Washington: 

Baker, Baker Lake 

Birdsview, Day Creek 

Grandy Creek 

Seattle, Exposition Aquarium 

State Fish Commission 

Walla Walla, applicant 

Wisconsin: 

Hudson, applicant 

Lampson , Horse Shoe Lake : . 

Spooner, Christie Lake 



Eggs. 



50, 000 



Total. 



100,000 



Fry. 



12,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



35,423 
11,338 



50. 000 
25.000 



25,000 



250. 000 



1,934,835 

49 3 

89,850 

14, 400 
40,300 

1,382,(138 



3,570,287 



10,000 
10,000 
10,000 



14,000 
32,000 

12,000 
21,000 
12,000 
16,000 

8,300 
1,500 
400 
2,500 
6,000 



14,000 
10,000 



179,718 



RAINBOW TROUT. 



Alabama: 

Tanner, Pecks Branch 

Arizona: 

Flagstaff, Live Oak Creek 

Rock Creek 

Tucson, Sabino Creek 

Winslow, Chevelon Creek 

Arkansas: 

Bald Knob, Hart's pond 

Berry ville, Osage River 

Crickette, Yocum Creek 

Decatur, Lakeside Pond 

Elkins, White River 

Flippin, Gofl 's pond . '. 

Greenwood, Vache Grass Creek 

Mammoth Spring, Spring River 

Springdale, Lake Vaughan 

Sulphur Springs, Williams's pond 

California: 

Brookdale, Santa Cruz County hatchery 
Colorado: 

Buena Vista, Chalk Creek 

Cottonwood Creek 

Middle Cottonwood Creek . 
South Cottonwood Creek. . 

Buffalo, Platte River 

Cimarron, Little Cimarron Creek 

Colorado Springs, Frost's reservoir 

Creede, applicant 

Eldora, Lake Eldora 

Estabrook, Mendenhall Creek 



13.6S0 



100,000 



25,000 
"7,566 



7.500 
7,000 



7,000 
7,000 



2,000 



400 

200 
200 
000 

200 

000 

566 



000 

(UK) 

000 
000 
000 



,535 
,750 



32 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Colorado— Continued. 

Grand Mesa Lakes, Ward Lake 

Grant, Geneva Lake 

Platte River 

Ivanhoe, Frying Pan River 

Jefferson, Platte River 

Kline, Platte River 

Leadville, Musgrove's pond 

Malta, Big Thompson Stream 

Minturn, Eagle River 

Moffat, Saguache Creek 

Molina, Cottonwood Lakes 

Montrose, East Dry Creek 

New Castle, Divide Creek 

Elk Creek 

Pine Grove, Elk Creek 

Wright 's lake 

Pueblo, Gunnison River 

West Elk Creek 

Salida, Little River. 

South Arkansas River 

Shawnee, Price Creek 

South Platte, South Platte River 

South Platte River, South Fork. 

Telluride, Dolores River 

Thomasville, applicant 

Twin Lakes, Willow Lake 

Webster, Beaver Creek 

West Cliffe, Brush Creek Lake 

Swift Creek 

Georgia: 

Clayton, Hiawassee River 

Mathias, Tallulah River 

Oakman, Dry Creek 

Rabun Gap, Charley Creek 

Flat Branch 

Mill Creek 

Shook Creek 

Tallulah River 

Tate Creek 

Ringgold, Murphy's pond 

Idaho: 

Ashton , Eggbert Lake 

Bliss, Far View Lakes 

Cambridge, Little Weiser River 

Hailey .applicant 

Priest River, Skookum Pond 

Troy, Pineview Pond 

Illinois: 

Havana, Illinois Fish Commission 

Indiana: 

St. Paul, Mill Creek -. 

South Bend, Beyer's lake 

Leeper Pond 

Iowa: 

Manchester, Maquoketa River 

North McGregor, Bloody Run 

Postville, Li vinggood Creek 

Waukon, Silver Creek 

Village Creek 

Kansas- 

Erie, Canville Creek 

Marion, Spring Creek 

Maryland: 

Cumberland, Evitts Creek 

Lakewood Lake 

Minley Branch 

Rocky Gap Creek 

Mountain Lake Park, Broad Ford Creek 

Little Youghiogheny River.. 

Oakland, Browning Dam 

Harvey's pond 

Westminster, Fairview Pond 

Michigan: 

Brentcreek, Gillett's pond 

East Tawas, Cold Creek 

Gaylord, Sturgeon River 

Gladwin, Cedar River 

Grayling, Tillula Lake 



Eggs. 



20,000 



Fry. 



55,000 



10,500 
25,000 
25,000 



Fingerlings, 
ye irlings, 

and adults. 



25,000 

ll.(HH) 

4.000 



10,000 
10, 000 

7.500 
10,000 



4,000 



5,000 



41, 201 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 33 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Michigan— Continued. 

Hillinan, Thunder Bay River 

Kalamazoo, applicant 

Halls Springs Brook 

Portage Creek 

Paris, Muskegon River 

Petersburg, Crystal Pond 

Plymouth, Millers Creek 

Rose Center, Buckhoni Creek 

West Branch, Chapman Creek 

Tittabawassa River 

Wingleton, Marquette River 

Marquette River, South Branch. 
Minnesota: 

Duluth, Archer Creek 

Silica, Little Swan Creek 

Winona, Stockton Creek 

Missouri: 

Aurora, Spring Creek 

Turnback Creek 

Wistman Creek 

Bourbon, Blue Spring Branch 

Brown Springs, Brown Springs Lake 

Cabool, Flag Lake 

Clever, King's pond 

Lucas Branch 

Silver Lake Branch 

Exeter, Roaring River 

Galena, Langley 's pond 

Marshfield, Janles River 

Neosho, Hickory River 

Newburg, Little Piney River 

Mill Creek 

Reeds Spring , Moose Springs 

St. James, Meramec Springs 

St. Joseph, Missouri Fish Commission 

Springfield, Spring Creek 

Verona, Spring River 

Wheaton, Joys Creek 

Pogues Creek 

Shoal Creek 

Montana: 

Armstead, Mcintosh Creek 

Spring Creek 

Bozeman, Wild Horse Run 

Chinook, Box Elder Creek 

Columbia Falls, Fish Lake 

Delphia, Half Moon Lake 

Dillon, Ajax Creek 

Blacktail Deer Creek 

Carter Creek 

Lake Creek 

North Fork River 

Stewart Gulch 

Strowbridge's pond 

Tent Lake 

Van Camp Creek 

Emigrant, Dailey's lake 

Fortine, FortineCreek 

Lakeview, Cliff Lake 

Elk Creek 

Elk Lake 

Hidden Lake 

Thompson, Clear Creek 

Squaw Creek 

Townsend, Duck Creek 

Nebraska: 

Andrews, White River 

Gretna, Chadron Creek 

Nevada: 

Verdi Boulder Riffles 

Chalk Bluff Pools 

Marble Works Pools 

Truckee River 

New Jersey: 

Jersey City, Witterman's pond 



Eggs. 



10,000 



25,000 



Fry. 



12, 500 
7,500 



20,000 
20, 000 



2,500 



15, 000 
30, 000 



4,000 

10,000 

5,000 

4,000 



Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 
and adults. 



10,000 



2,000 

2,000 
18, 000 

0,000 

500 

12, 000 

400 

1,250 
18, 750 

3,500 

1,800 
3,000 
2,500 

400 
4,000 

400 
6,190 

400 



4,000 
6,000 
55 
6,810 
4,000 



6,000 



400 
400 
800 

1,200 

1,200 

2,000 

2,000 

2,000 

1,000 

960 

900 

2,400 

960 

960 

960 

960 

1,200 

1,200 

2,000 

2,000 

4,000 



1,500 
1,500 
2,000 

10,000 
1,600 

4,000 
4,000 
4,000 
8,000 

2,000 



34 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



New Mexico: 

Cimarron, Aqua Fria Creek 

Canon Bonita Creek 

Cimarroncita Creek 

Cimarron River 

Clear Creek 

Ponil Creek 

Rayado Creek 

Las Vegas, Gallinas River, West Fork 

Raton, Myrtle Pond 

Sugarite Creek 

Roswell, Crystal Pond 

New York: 

Adams, Big Sandy Creek 

Buffalo, New York State Cancer Laboratory... 

Clifton, Wittenman Pond 

Linlithgo, Forest, Fish, and Game Commission. 

New York, New York Aquarium 

Valhalla, Wygoda Pond 

Willsboro, Warm Pond 

North Carolina: 

Addie, Buff Creek 

Ashe ville, French Broad River 

Midget Lake 

Balsam , Scott s Creek 

Barnard, Big Pine Creek 

Black Mountain, Swanannoa River 

Boonford, Big Crabtree Creek 

South Toe River 

Toe River 

Brevard, Allison's lake 

Bryson, Alarka Creek 

Andress Creek 

Bald Creek 

Bear Creek 

Bear Meat Creek 

Big Hurricane Creek 

Bridge Creek 

Cherry Creek 

Clingman Creek : 

Cold Spring 

Conley Creek 

Cooper Creek 

Cullasowah Creek 

Deep Creek 

Galbreath Creek 

Grassy Branch 

Indian Creek 

Jenkins Creek : 

Jones Creek 

Kirkland Creek 

Lands Creek 

Laurel Creek 

Little Hurricane Creek 

Long Creek 

Middle Hurricane Creek 

Mill Creek 

Nettle Creek 

Noland Creek 

North Fork Creek 

Peach Tree Creek 

Pigeon Creek 

Saw Mill Creek 

Shepherd Creek 

Silver Creek 

Una Creek 

Watkins Creek 

West Fork Creek 

Bushnell, Chambers Creek 

Indian Camp Creek 

Kirklin Creek 

Little Laurel Creek 

Stecoah Creek 

Cherokee, Lufty Creek 

Soco Creek 

Cranberry, Blevin Creek 

Cranberry Creek 

Roaring Creek 



Eggs. 



41.500 
5,000 



Fry. 



2,400 

1,200 
0,000 



19,000 
500 



19,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 

and adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. , 35 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 
and adults. 


North Carolina— Continued. 

Dillsboro, Big Savannah Creek 






2,400 


Dick Creek 






2,400 

2,400 

3,200 

75 


Savannah Creek, East Fork 






Elk Park, Banners Elk Creek 






Dutch Creek 






Elk River 






4,800 
2,400 
3,200 
4,800 




















Ellijay Creek 






3,200 
4,800 
3,200 
4,000 








Goldsboro, Melton Pond 


















4,000 


Green River 






4,800 
1,600 














2, 400 
50 
















Lake Toxaway , Lake Toxaway 






64, 800 


Linville Falls, Caleb Creek 






1,400 


Cane Creek 






1,400 


Irish Creek 






1,400 


Katy Creek 






1,400 


Linville River 






4,200 


Magazine Creek 






1,400 


Marion, Allison Creek 






1,400 


Bill Creek 






1,400 








4,000 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








2,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








2,100 


Fall Branch 






2,400 








2,400 








1,400 


Hall Creek 






700 








3,200 








1,400 








2,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








1,400 








2,400 








2,400 








3,200 








1,400 


Turkey Otter Creek 






1,400 








2,400 








800 








3,200 








700 








3,200 








450 








1,475 








200 








1,400 








1,400 








2,300 








1,400 








1,400 



36 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



North Carolina— Continued. 

Sevier, Dobson Creek 

Dysart Creek 

Indian Creek 

Lime Kiln Creek 

Nix Creek 

North Fork Creek 

Oil Mill Creek , 

Owens Creek 

Rollins Creek 

Steel Creek 

Table Creek 

York Creek 

Swain, Oconalufty River 

Sylva, Abs Creek 

Chastain Creek • 

Cullowhee Creek 

Johns Creek 

Moses Creek 

Mull Creek 

Ruft Bitt Creek 

Sugar Creek 

Toecane, Big Rock Creek 

Greasey Creek 

Linn Creek 

Tomotla, Peachtree Creek 

Tryon, Pocolet River 

Vaughn Creek 

Tuxedo, Green River 

Pace Creek 

Rock Creek 

Vale, Cow Camp Creek 

Willits, Sootts Creek 

Winston-Salem, Nissen Park Pond 

North Dakota: 

Braddock, Otter Creek 

Edinburg, Park River, Middle Fork 

Glen Ullin, Curlew Creek 

Hebron, Knife River 

Ohio: 

Akron, Adams's pond 

Zanesville, Licking River 

Oregon : 

Austin, Strawberry Lake 

Baker City, Burnt River, North Fork. . . 

Deer Creek 

Downey Lake 

Eagle Creek 

Fish Lake 

Hilgard, Beaver Creek 

Five Points Creek 

Jordan Creek 

Meadow Brook 

Oregon City, Pine Creek 

Pennsylvania: 

Bainbridge, Engle Run 

Hoffman Run 

Stackstown Run 

Benton, West Creek 

Berlin, Blue Lick Creek 

Brush Creek 

Chambersburg, Birch Creek 

Carbaugh Run 

Hoosic Run 

Cherry Tree, Cush Creek 

Cherry Run, Penn Run 

Clarendon, Arnots Run 

Farensworth Creek 

Four Mile Run 

Tionesta Creek 

Tionesta Creek, West Branch. 

Cresco, Bushkill River 

Goose Run 

Levis Branch 

Ebensburg, Chest Creek 

Frackville, Kaufman Dam 

Glen Iron, Penns Run 

Green Hill, Big Woods Pond 



5,400 
6,000 
3,000 
3,000 
5,500 
3,000 
3,000 
6,000 
3,000 
2.000 
10,HG 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 37 

Details op Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Pennsylvania — Continued . 

Lanesboro, Tunkhannock Creek 

Lehighton. Wild Creek 

Lenover, Weaver Run 

Middleport, Morgan Dam 

Millersburg, Forney Run 

Little Wieanisco Creek, 
Norristown, Elmwood Park Lake. . 

Paddy Mountain, Perms Run 

Pardee, Penns Run 

Ridgeway, Big Mill Creek 

Rising Springs, Penns Creek 

Somerfield, Youghiogheny Creek. . . 

Tunkhannock, Bowmans Creek 

Weikert, Penns Run 

South Carolina: 

Cleveland, Middle Saluda River 

Greenville, South Saluda River 

Rosman, Cane Creek 

Estatoe Creek 

South Dakota: 

Buffalo Gap, Beaver Creek 

Cascade Springs, Cascade Springs. . . 

Custer, French Creek 

Spring Creek 

Deadwood, Polo Creek 

Elmore, Spearflsh Creek 

Hermosa, Squaw Creek 

Hill City, Newton Fork Creek 

Palmer Creek 

Slate Creek 

Spring Creek 

Sunday Creek 

Hot Springs, Palmer Lake 

Iron Creek, Spearflsh Creek 

Nahant, Tilson Creek 

Pine Ridge Agency, Wolf Creek 

Rapid City, Dark Canyon Pond 

Rapid Creek 

Slate Creek 

Spring Creek 

St. Onge. False Bottom Creek 

Scenic, Conklin Lake 

Snowma, Steam's pond 

Spearflsh, Driskill's pond 

Spearflsh Creek 

Sturgis, Deadmans Creek 

Spring Creek 

Tennessee: 

Belleview, South Ilarpeth Creek 

Blevins, Doe River 

Bristol, Sinking Creek 

Butler, Cable's pond 

Lineback's pond 

Spring Lake 

Concord, Doughty's pond 

Kirby's pond 

Doyle Station, Sink Creek 

Ducktown, Rough Creek 

Dunn, Sugar Creek, West Fork 

Elizabethtown, Hunter's Lake 

Farner, Camp Creek 

Fishery, North Indian Creek 

Spring Branch 

Fish Springs, Watauga River 

Greenville, Camp Creek 

Hampton, Laurel Creek 

Hunter, Brush Creek 

Johnson City, Brush Creek 

Knoxville, Tennessee River 

Marbleton, Garland's pond 

Maryville, Mountain Pond 

Oakdale, Emory Pond 

Roan Mountain, Doe River 

Hampton Creek 

Heaton Creek 

Rutledge, Manly's pond 

Sevierville, Layman's pond 



G,000 
3,000 
2,000 
1,500 
2,000 
3,000 
2,000 
2,250 

375 
4,000 
5,000 
7,000 
6,000 

375 

4,000 
4,000 
3,200 
4,000 

150 

12,500 

5,775 

5,000 

8,000 

5,325 

150 

5,625 

2,500 

2,500 

5,775 

5,625 

12.500 

4,500 

3,750 

12,500 

12,500 

23,150 

150 

300 

600 

25,000 

500 

500 

2,000 

10,000 

10,000 

4,000 

100 

125 

1,200 

75 

800 

800 

800 

1,600 

3,200 

1,600 

100 

2,450 

2,185 

220 

4,800 

4,000 

175 

4.000 

3.200 

50 

1.000 

800 

125 

4.S00 

3.200 

3.200 

1,600 

800 



59395°— -11- 



-6 



38 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Tennessee— Continued . 

Sparta, Calf Killer Creek 

Springfield, Red River 

Telford, Bailey's pond 

Tullahoma, Compton Creek 

Walland, Hesser Creek 

Little River 

Wolf Creek, Wolf Creek 

Utah: 

Charleston, applicant 

Murray, applicant 

Provo, Dry Creek Pond 

Provo River 

Virginia: 

Afton, Afton Pond 

Ashland, South Anna River 

Big Island, Hunting Creek 

Cedar Blufl, Indian Creek 

Cleveland, Bacon Creek 

Big Cedar Creek 

Burgess Creek 

Gilmer Creek 

Little Cedar Creek 

Opossum Creek 

Covington, Cedar Creek 

Falling Springs Run 

Culpeper, Hazel River 

Miller Greek 

Faber, Cover Creek 

Fairwood, Big Holton Creek 

Marion, Holston River, South Fork 

Mount Jackson, Gar lick Hollow Run 

Natural Bridge, Cedar Creek Dam 

New Castle, Meadow Creek 

Roanoke, Falling Creek Reservoir 

Vinton Spring Lake 

Rural Retreat, Buchanan's pond 

Salem, Back Creek 

Seven Mile Ford, Comer Creek 

Holston River, South Fork. 

Somerset, Rapidan River 

Springwood, Cummings's pond 

Stanley, Henderson's pond 

Sugar Grove, Holston River, South Fork 

Waynesboro, Lithia Pond 

West Point, Remlick Hall Pond 

Wytheville, Cove Creek 

Washington: 

Colville, Black Lake 

Colville River 

Harrington, Crab Creek 

Republic, Granite Creek 

Seattle, Exposition Aquarium 

Sumner, Salmon Creek Pond 

Valley, Bond Lake 

West Virginia: 

Blake, Loup Creek 

Capon Springs, Trout Run 

Yellow Stream Gap 

Holly Junction, Elk River 

Keyser, Patterson Creek 

Marlinton, Elk River 

Midvale, Middle Fork River 

Rippon, Wiest's pond 

Seebert, Cranberry Creek 

Spring Creek, Sinking Creek 

Stonewall, Piney Creek 

Surveyor, Clay Pond 

White Sulphur Springs, Howard Creek 

Spring Branch 

WildehV Greenbrier River 

Laurel Run 

Wright, Piney Run 



125,000 
59,400 



6,000 
48,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 39 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
RAINBOW TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 


Wisconsin: 






3,000 


Chimney Rock Creek 






3,000 








1,200 


Elk Creek. 






3,000 








1,500 








2,500 








3,000 








3,000 


Kendall, Lumsden Creek 






1,200 








1,500 








3, 000 








4,000 


Wyoming: 






5,000 






12,000 








3,600 








2,000 








2,000 






7,000 








1,000 








1,500 








300 








10,000 








10,000 








15,000 


Japan: 


110,000 












Total o 


556, 494 


595, 616 


1,705,328 







ATLANTIC SALMON. 



District of Columbia: 

Washington, Central Station Aquarium 

Maine: 

Brownville, Pleasant River 

East Orland, Alamoosook Lake 

Guilford, Piscataquis River 

Milo, Pleasant River 

Staceyville, Penobscot River 

New York: 

Buffalo, New York State Cancer Laboratory. 

New York, New York Aquarium 



Total. 



5,000 



5,000 



1, 217, 366 



1,217,366 



100 

76,500 
5,139 
41,000 
33,000 
82, 413 

60 



288,212 



LANDLOCKED SALMON. 



Idaho: 

Hope, Lake Pend d'Oreille 

Maine: 

Auburn, Lake Auburn 

Taylor's pond 

Augusta, Cobbosseecontee Lake. . 

Baker, Baker'spond 

Bingham, Rowe'spond 

Brewer Junction Brewer Pond . . . 

Brownfleld, Moose Pond 

Bryant Pond, Lake Christopher.. 

TwickellPond 

Bucksport, Toddy Pond 

Dedham , Branch Pond 

Green Lake 

Dover, Sebec Lake 

East Orland, Alamoosook Lake... 

Ellsworth. Patten's pond 

Ellsworth Falls, Alligator Lake. . . 
Beach Hill Pond 
Flood's pond 



33, 000 



24, 750 
16, 500 
16,500 



30, 000 



25, 000 



o Lost in transit, 18,100 fry. 



20,000 
24, 750 



4,000 
7,500 



7,500 
2,000 
2,000 
2,751 







6,000 
5,000 
15,000 
10, 500 
13 
2,000 
6,000 



40 DISTEIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LANDLOCKED SALMON— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Maine— Continued . 

Enfield, Cold Stream Pond 

Farmington, Big Island Pond 

Franklin, Donnell's pond 

George's pond 

Molasses Por±d 

Green Lake, Arnold's pond 

Grand Lake Stream, Dobsis Lake 

Grand Lake 

Holden, Fitz Pond 

Kennebunk, Kennebunk Pond 

Kineo Station, Moosehead Lake 

Lincoln, Mattamawcook Lake 

Mosquito, Lake Moxie 

Newport, Lake Sebasticook 

North Anson, Great Emden Lake 

Oquossoc, Rangeley Lakes 

Otis, Green Lake 

Peru, Worthley's pond 

Phillips Lake, Phillips Lake 

Portage, Portage Lake 

Sawyers Island, Campbell's pond 

Sebago Lake, Sebago Lake 

Skowhegan, Lake George 

South Paris, Concord Pond 

Strong, Sweet's pond 

Thorndike, St. Georges Lake 

Tunk Pond, Tunk Pond 

Warren, Crawford's lake 

Wescott, Little Ossipee Pond 

Wilton, Wilson Lake 

Michigan: 

Munising, applicant. 

Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan Fish Commission 

Montana: 

Gardner, Yellowstone Park waters 

New York: 

Old Forge, applicant 

Forest, Fish, and Game Commission 

Pleasant Lake, Pleasant Lake 

Raquette Lake, Lake Kora 

Vermont: 

Averill, AverilJ Pond 

Little Averill Lake 

Brandon, Lake Dunmore 

Newport, Salem Pond 

Washington: 

Ephrata, Moses Lake 

Wisconsin: 

Luck, McKenzie Lake 

Wyoming: 

Lander, Christiana Lake 

Grave Lake 

Argentina: 

Buenos Aires, Argentine Government 



Total a. 



Eggs. 



10,000 
20,000 



15,000 
15,000 



30,000 



25, 000 



115,000 



Fry. 



24,750 
24,750 
24,750 



65,000 
316, 440 
24, 750 
24, 750 
32,000 
5,000 
18,000 



24, 750 



50, 000 
21, GOO 



30,000 



15,000 

24, 750 



24, 750 

15,666 



14,500 



2,000 

'i,666 



974, 040 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



9,000 
4,500 



4,500 
4,500 
17, 700 



10,500 



13,500 



9,000 
70,000 



6,000 
3,500 
3,000 



6,000 
6,000 
7,500 
6,000 
6,000 
5,700 



8,000 



1,000 
"2, 500 



5,000 
11,400 



5,000 
5,000 



301,064 



BLACKSPOTTED TROUT. 



Arizona: 

Grand Canyon, Hull Pond 

Little Hull Pond... 
Colorado: 

Antonito, Conejos River 

La Jara River 

Cardinal, Develin Lakes and Creek. 

Cascade, Cascade Brook 

Cebolla, Elk Creek 

Gunnison River 

Red Creek 

Cimarron, Little Cimarron River. . . 

Cliff, Platte River 

DeBeque, Bull Creek Lake 



19,440 
4,320 
9,500 
10, 000 
10, 000 
25, 796 
4,000 
10, 000 
i,800 
15,000 



3, 750 
3,750 



a Lost in transit, 11,000 fry and 2,300 fingerlings. 



DISTRIBUTION OP FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 



41 



BLACKSPOTTED TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Colorado— Continued. 

Denver, Colorado Fish Commission 

Dillon, Rock Creek 

Slate Creek 

Straight Creek 

Fort Collins, Cache la Poudre River 

Pine Creek 

Glenisle, Platte River 

Glenwood Springs, Mitchell Creek 

Grand Valley, Parachute Creek 

Gunnison, Bird Lakes 

Insmont, Rock Creek ' 

Loveland, B ig Thompson 

Marshall, South Boulder Creek 

Molina, Cottonwood Creek 

Cottonwood Lakes 

East Bull Creek 

Monte Vista, Rock Creek, South Fork 

Montrose, Big Red Canyon Creek 

Spring Creek 

West Dry Creek 

Nast, Frying Pan River 

New Castle, Divide Creek 

Parlin, Quartz Creek 

Pine Grove, Elk Creek 

Ridgway, Cow Creek 

Dallas Creek 

Rifle, Williams River 

Salida, Arkansas River 

Little River 

Poncha Creek 

South Fork, Rio Grande River, South Fork. 

Wheeler, West Tenmile Creek 

Idaho: 

Bonner County, Bonanza Lake 

Darsey, Stevens Peak Lake 

Greer, Wells Pond 

McCammon, Mountainview Lake 

Rupert, Lake Walcott 

Soda Springs, Knollins Springs 

Spirit Lake, Kit Carson Creek 

Twin Falls, Blue Lake Creek 

Wallace, Lost Lake 

Michigan: 

Detroit, Detroit Aquarium 

Montana: 

Anaconda, Montana Fish Commission 

Baker, Baker Lake 

Ballantine, Arrow Creek 

Belton, Lake McDonald 

Big Timber, Big Boulder River 

Bozeman, West Gallatin River, South Fork. 

Butte, Columbia Gardens Hatchery 

Chinook, Peoples Creek 

Chinook, Snake Creek 

Craig, Burke's reservoir , 

Darby, Tin Cup Lake 

Dorsey, Checkerboard Creek 

Little Birch Creek 

Woods Gulch Creek 

Harlowton, Musselshell River 

Havre, Clear Creek 

Helena, Chessman Reservoir 

Josephine, Sixteen Mile Creek 

Kalispell, Corneilson's spring 

Corneilson's lake 

Howser's lake 

Lewistown, Beaver Creek 

Big Casino Creek 

Big Spring Creek 

Casino Creek 

Cottonwood Creek 

Surprenant 's pond 

Livingston, Fitzpatrick's pond 

Trowbridge Creek 

Martinsdale, Musselshell River, North Fork. 

Missoula, Bitter Root River 

Monarch, Tillinghast Creek 

Neihart, Belt Creek 



Eggs. 



225,000 



50, 000 



10, 000 
550, 000 



440,000 



Fry. 



3,600 

3,600 

3,600 

30, 700 

31,010 

3,600 

10,000 

10,000 

4,000 

2,400 

40, 746 

14,400 

10,000 

52, 748 

10,000 

6, 000 

8,000 

6,000 

6,000 

10,500 

12, 500 

6,000 

4,800 

12, 000 

12, 000 

22, 000 

22,500 

7,500 

10, 000 

6,000 

8,400 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



10,000 
7,500 
2,500 
3,000 

12,000 
3,000 
5,000 



7,500 



16,000 
4,000 

12,000 
4,000 
5,000 



8,000 
8,000 
6,000 

10,000 
6,000 
6,000 
6,000 
8,000 
6,000 
8,000 
8,000 
6,000 
6,000 
6,000 
6,000 
6,000 

14,000 
6,000 

12,000 

12,000 
2,000 
4,000 
8,000 

10,000 
6,000 
6,000 



42 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BLACKSPOTTED TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Montana— Continued . 

Red Lodge, Silver Run 

Somers, Lake Alexander 

Skagg Lake 

Townsend, Due Creek 

Twodot, Haymaker Pond 

Winston, Stanbach Reservoir 

Nebraska: 

Chadron, Big Bordeaux Creek 

Nevada: 

Derby, Nevada Fish Commission 

Truckee River 

Verdi, Bates's pond 

Galena Creek 

Nevada Fish Commission 

South Branch 

Truckee River 

Whites Creek 

New Mexico: 

Cimarron, Caflon Bonito Creek 

Cimarronciti Creek 

Cimarron River 

Clear Creek 

Ponil Creek 

Rayado Creek 

Rayado River, West Fork 

Ute Creek 

Glorieta, Pecos River 

Las Vegas, Burro Branch 

Gallinas River 

Mountain Park, Fresnal Creek 

Sante Fe, Rio Tesuque River 

New York: 

New York, New York Aquarium 

Saranac Inn, Forest, Fish, and Game Commission . 
Oregon: 

Clackamas, Oregon fish commission 

Medford, Four Bit Creek 

Rancharee Creek 

Rogue River 

Milwaukee, Lechler Lake 

Newberg, Walton's pond 

Oregon City, Clackamas River 

Portland, Oregon fish commission 

Pennsylvania: 

Pleasant Mount, Pennsylvania fish commission . . . 
South Dakota: 

Aberdeen, Milwaukee Reservoir 

Buffalo Gap, Beaver Creek 

Custer, Flynn Creek 

French Creek 

Elmore, Spearfish Creek 

Spearfish Creek, Southwest Branch 

Englewood, White Wood Creek 

Hermosa, Squaw Creek 

Hill City, Castle Creek 

Spring Creek 

Hisega, Rapid Creek 

Iron Creek, Spearfish River 

Maitland, Fredbert Pond 

Mystic, Rapid Creek 

Rapid City, Electric Light Pond 

North Side Park Pond 

Price Pond 

Rapid Creek 

Slate Creek 

Spring Creek 

Saint Onge, False Bottom Creek 

Spearfish, Spearfish Creek 

Utah: 

Provo, applicant 

Provo River 

Virginia: 

Sweet Chalybeate, Sweet Springs Branch 

Washington: 

Seattle, Exposition Aquarium 

Spokane, Selheim Springs Pond 

Walla Walla, Shelton's lake 

Spring Creek 

Winona, Palouse River 



298,300 



85,000 



123,800 
"i6,'450' 



633,020 



25,000 
50,000 



175,000 
50,000 



14,400 
4,800 
6,000 



7,200 



12,000 
12,000 
16,000 
8,000 
14,214 
20,000 



50,000 



50,000 



20,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



43 



Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

BLACKSPOTTED TROUT— Continued. 






Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 


Wyoming: 

Beulah, Crystal Springs 






6,000 
15,000 


Crook Comity, Sand Creek 






Yellowstone National Park, Cub Creek 




400,000 






11 200 








4,200 
5,600 
5,600 
8,400 








Little Wind River, South Fork 














175,000 










21,250 




500,000 










15,000 
18,750 








France: 


10,000 










Total <j 


2, 748, 550 


1,756,094 


906,654 





LOCH LEVEN TROUT. 



South Dakota: 

Savoy, Little Spearflsh Creek. 



68,248 



LAKE TROUT. 



Colorado: 

Twin Lakes, Upper Twin Lake 

Idaho: 

Hope, Lake Pend d' Oreille 

Rathdrum, Twin Lake 

Illinois: 

Havana, Illinois Fish Commission 

Maine: 

Bridgton, Highland Lake 

Cherryfleld, Mopang Lake 

East Wilton, Pease Pond 

Green Lake, Green Lake 

North Anson, Great Emden Lake 

Readfield, Parker's pond 

Sko whegan, Lake George 

Unity, Unity Pond 

Massachusetts: 

Marlboro, Lake Williams 

Michigan: 

Big Rock Reef, Lake Michigan 

Cat Head Reef, Lake Michigan 

Charlevoix Reef, Lake Michigan 

Charlevoix, Pine Lake 

Detour, Lake Huron 

Detroit, Detroit Aquarium 

Eseanaba. Lake Michigan 

Fishermans Island , Lake Michigan 

Fish Island, Lake Superior 

Grand Marais, Lake Superior 

Isle Royale, Lake Superior 

Long Point, Lake Superior 

McCargoes Cove, Lake Superior 

McLeods Channel, Lake Superior 

Mandan, LakeMedora 

Manistique, Lake Michigan 

Marquette, Lake Superior 

Munising, Lake Superior 

North Point, Lake Huron 

North Pomt Reef, Lake Michigan 

Norwood Reef, Lake Michigan 

Ontonagon, Lake Supei .or 

Paris, Michigan Fish Commission 

Petosky, Lake Michigan 

Point Iroquois, Whiteflsh Bay 

Sault Ste. Maria, Michigan Fish Commission. 



500,000 



10,000 



2,000,000 

3,666,666 



24, 700 



11,000 
11,000 
11,000 
263,922 
11,000 
11,000 
10, 000 
11,000 

9,000 

756, 000 
756, 000 

2, 268, 000 
756, 000 

2,000,000 



150, 000 
1,512,000 

600, 000 
■ 700, 000 
1,975,000 



275, 000 
1,025,000 



150, 000 
1,400,000 
1,400,000 
2,050,000 
756, 000 
756,000 
1,400,000 



756, 000 
700,000 



18,000 
4,000 



2, 052, 500 
600,000 



16,000 



3,500 



a Lost in transit, 9,740 fry. 



44 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

LAKE TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Michigan— Continued. 

Scarecrow Island, Lake Huron 

Seven Mile Point, Lake Michigan 

Skilligallee Reef, Lake Michigan 

Tobins Harbor, Lake Superior 

Washington Harbor, Lake Superior 

Whiteflsh Point, Lake Superior 

Minnesota: 

Grand Rapids, Pokegama Lake 

Little Falls, Lake Alexander 

Montaqa: 

Helena, Lake Sewell 

New York: 

Auburn, O wasco Lake 

Charity Shoals, Lake Ontario 

Cooperstown, Otsego Lake 

Dutch Point, Lake Ontario 

Fox Island, Lake Ontario 

Fulton Chain, Little Moose and Panther Lakes. 

Grenadier Island, Lake Ontario 

Hayes Point, Lake Ontario 

McKeever, Bisby Chain of Lakes 

Point Peninsula! Lake Ontario 

Raquette Lake, Lake Kora 

Riverside, Schroon Lake 

Wilson Bay, Lake Ontario 

North Dakota:' 

St. John, Lake Lindeman 

Oregon: 

Haines, Rock Creek Lake 

Pennsylvania: 

Waterford, Lake LeboeS 

Vermont: 

Averill, Big Averill Lake 

Barnet, Harvey's pond 

Barton, Silver Lake 

Stone Pond 

Brandon, Lake Dunmore 

Hardwick, Elligo Pond 

Orleans, Willoughby Lake 

Readsboro, Howe's pond 

West Burke, Newark Pond 

Wisconsin: 

Brule, Twin Lakes 

Crandon, Dry Lake 

Metonga Lake 

Stone Lake 

Haugen, Monday Lake 

New Auburn, Wisconsin Fish Commission 

Oshkosh, Wisconsin Fish Commission 

State Line, Black Oak Lake 

Stone Lake, Little Stone Lake 

Sand Lake 

Stone Lake 

Argentina: 

Buenos Aires, Argentine Government 



150, 000 



4, 500, 000 



50,000 



1,950,000 

750,000 

1,512,000 



2, 000. 000 



40,000 
450, 000 

40,000 

100, 000 

1,000,000 

32, 000 

1,627,000 

750,000 

24,000 
450,000 



40,000 
100,000 



17,500 

30,000 
35. 000 
17, 500 
17,500 



15.000 
35,000 
14,000 
17, 500 



10, 000 
12,000 
12,000 



Total a 10, 210, 000 



33,645,922 



780,000 
(,60,000 



20,000 
20,000 



20,000 



3.370 



10,000 
12,000 
12,000 
12,000 



3,880 
32,'666 



4,286,150 



BROOK TROUT. 



Arizona: 

Jerome, Beaver Creek 






2,000 


Dragoon Creek 






2,000 


Thompson Creek 






2,000 


West Fork Creek 






2,000 


Tucson, Sabino Creek 






15,000 


California: 

McCloud, Wheelers Creek 




24, 165 






50,000 




Colorado:- 

Antonito, Conejos River 


20,000 
?5,000 










Berrvs Ranch, Eagle River 




7.000 






9.000 





a Lost in transit, 4,000 fry. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



45 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Colorado— Continued. 

Breckenridge, Crystal Lake 

Saw Mill Creek 

Buena Vista, Cottonwood Creek 

Middle Cottonwood Creek . . 
South Cottonwood Creek . . . 

Cebolla, Cebolla Creek 

East Elk Creek 

Cimarron, Cimarron River 

Silver Tip Lake 

Van Place Lake 

Colona, High Top Lake 

Twin Lake 

Wilson Lake 

Colorado Springs, City Reservoir 

Glimmer Glass Lake. . . 

Jimmy Camp Lake 

North Cheyenne Creek. 

Creede, Red Mountain Creek 

Rio Grande 

Sylvester's ponds 

Cripple Creek, Barnard Creek Pond 

De Beque, Big Creek 

West Bull Creek 

Del Norte, Pinos River 

Delta, Alexander Lake 

Surface Creek 

Youngs Creek 

Denver, Crystal Springs Trout Hatchery . 

Eldora, Lake Eldora 

Lake Kanawha 

Frisco, Uneva Lake 

Georgetown, Green Lake 

Glenwood Springs, Hermitage Creek 

Mesa Creek 

Roaring Fork River... 

Granby, East Inlet 

Grand Lake 

Grand River, North Fork 

Stillwater Creek 

Supply Creek 

Grand Junction, West Evacuation Creek.. 

Granger, Embargo Creek 

Graneros, Oak Lodge Ponds 

Grant, Duck Lake 

Kirby Creek 

Gunnison, Bird Lakes 

Hillside, Koch Branch 

Idaho Springs, Chinn Lake 

Edith Lake 

Saint Mary Lake 

Silver Lake 

Slater Lake 

Truesdale Creek 

Ivanhoe, Ivanhoe Creek 

Lyle Creek 

Jefferson. Rainbow Lake 

La Jara, Hamilton Ranch Pond 

La Jara River 

Pursley's pond 

Spring Creek 

Leadville, Arkansas River 

Austin's pond 

Columbine Lake 

Darrah's pond 

Half Moon Creek 

Lake Creek 

Laws Lake 

Lower Twin Lakes 

Mussrroves Pond 

Smith's ponds 

South Platte River..., 

Tennessee River 

Turquoise Lake 

Twin Lakes 

Upper Lake Creek 

Willow Creek 



30,000 



8,000 
10,000 
8,000 



35,000 
15, 000 
15,000 



30,000 
20, 000 
27,500 



10, 000 
10, 000 
10,000 



10, 000 
100, 000 
25, 000 
100, 000 
12, 500 
30,000 
30,000 
40,000 
38, 000 
25,000 
15,000 
25,000 
12,000 
24,000 
20,000 
16, 000 
12,000 
15,000 
12,500 



15,000 
15,000 



10, 000 
15,000 
50,000 
10,000 
10,000 
15,000 
18, 000 
25,000 
15,000 
15,000 
8,000 
19,950 
10.000 
11,950 
39,000 



20.000 
24,000 
24.000 



25,000 
250,000 
20,000 
4.000 
44.000 
15,000 
25.000 
15,000 
44,000 



4,500 



12,500 
7,000 



5,100 
10,200 
5,100 



6,000 



1,500 
8,500 
6,800 



5,000 



3,000 

"1,666 



40 

2.000 



20,000 



46 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Colorado — Continued. 

Loveland, Big Thompson River, South Fork.. 

Big Thompson Pond 

Buckhorn Creek 

Lyons, Estes Park Hatchery 

Malta, Lake Creek 

Marshall, South Boulder Creek 

Minturn, Cross Creek 

Eagle River 

Gore Creek 

Moffat, Artesia Pond 

Monte Vista, Los Pinas Creek, Middle Fork.... 

Rock Creek 

South Fork Creek 

Montrose, Middle Spring Creek 

Spring Creek 

Nast, Frying Pan River 

New Castle, Willow Creek 

Norrie, Chapman Lake 

Olathe, Greys Creek 

Park Siding, South Platte River, North Fork. 

Parlin, Quartz Creek 

Parshall, Grand River 

Reads Lake 

Radium, Grand River 

Rico, Burnett Creek 

Ryman Creek 

Scotch Creek 

Ridgway, Dolores River 

Leopard Creek 

Rifle, Bear Creek 

White River 

Ruedi, Pond Creek 

Ruedi Lake 

Spearhead Lake 

Salida, South Arkansas River 

Woodbridge Pond 

Sawpit, Sylvan Lake 

South Fork, Beaver Creek 

Elk Creek , 

Goupel Creek 

South Platte River 

Trout Creek 

Steamboat Springs, Bear River 

Fish Creek 

Spring Creek 

Yampa River 

Texas Creek, Spruce Creek Reservoir 

Thomasville, Spring Creek 

Woods Lake 

Tolland, South Boulder Creek 

Trinidad, McWilliams Pond 

South Lake 

Twin Lakes, Lake Creek 

Webster, Platte River 

West Clifie, De Weese Reservoir 

Venable Creek 

Wheeler, Black Creek 

Wolcott, Eagle Creek 

Wootton, Sugarite Creek 

Connecticut: 

Botsford, Halfway River 

Danbury, Willow Brook 

Greenwich, Byram River 

New Haven, Spring Glen Pond 

Norwich, Billings Brook 

Broad Brook 

Choate Brook 

Pease Brook 

Stony Brook 

Saybrook Junction, Hart Brook 

Stamford, Mill Creek 

Rippewan River 

Stratford, Brookdale Pond 

Tariff ville, Three Cornered Pond 

Waterbury, Andrews Pond 

Hancock Pond 

Hop Brook 



100,000 



30,000 
15,000 
15,000 



80,000 
30,000 



7,900 
12,500 

it;, ooo 

10,000 
15, 000 
20,000 



15, 000 
10, 000 
4,000 



20,000 
3,880 
20,000 
10, 000 
10, 000 
15,000 
28, 500 
15, 000 



10, 000 

25,000 



28, 000 
40,000 



12, 500 
12, 500 

12, 500 



12,500 
25,000 
15,000 
10,000 
15,000 



200, 000 
23,000 



98, 000 
15.666 



12,000 

" "s'666 



7,500 
7,500 
7,500 



20,000 
30,000 
12,000 
16,000 
32,000 
IB, 000 
16,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 47 

Dktails of Distributiok of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Connecticut— Continued. 

Waterbury, Long Hill Brook 

Osborne Brook 

Potatuck River 

Wilton, Norwalk River 

Delaware: 

Wilmington, Brandywine Creek 
Georgia: 

Rabun Gap, Denton Creek 

Young Harris, Brasstown Creek. 
Idaho: 

Bancroft, Eighteenmile Creek 

Blackfoot, Tanner Spring Lakes . 

Bonners, Spring Creek Pond 

Buhl, Sand Spring Lake 

Caldwell, Meyer Lake 

Garner, Clifton Mill Pond 

Hailey, Hartley Pond 

Sheep Pond . 



Eggs. 



Spring Creek . 
Hayden Lake,_Hayden Lake . 



Jerome, Trail Springs. 

Kamiah, Little Duck Lake 

Kingston, Pine Creek 

Malad City, Waldon's pond 

Montpelier, Mildred Pond 

Naples, Fall Creek 

Preston, Wilson Spring Pond 

Rathdrum, Boeck Creek 

Fish Lake Creek 

Gilbert Creek 

Lancaster Creek 

Miller Creek 

Rice Creek 

Thorp Creek 

Rexburg, Bell's pond 

Illinois: 

Fox. Crystal Springs 

Griggs ville, Hatch Hollow Pond 

Indiana: 

Angola, Clark Creek 

Jackson Creek 

Sauls Creek 

Richmond, Henlev Pond 

St. Paul, Mill Creek 

Iowa: 

McGregor, Bass Creek 

Waukon, North Fork Creek 

Patterson Creek 

Kentucky: 

Compton Junction, Chimney Top Creek . 
Maine: 

Alfred, Nutter Brook 

Annabessacook, Wilson I/ake 

Belfast, Swan Lake 

Biddeford, Buzzell Brook 

Cold Spring Brook 

Runnells Brook 

Bingham, Pleasant Pond 

Rowe Ponds 

Bluehill, Woods Pond 

Brooks, Passachunkeag Pond 

Bryants Pond, Lake Christopher 

Camden, Canaan Lake 

Dedham, Green Lake 

Deering Junction, Bodge Brook 

Machigonne Creek 

Woodland Hatchery . . 

East Orland, Toddy Pond 

Ellsworth, Billings Pond 

Branch Pond 

Ellsworth Falls, Beach Hill Pond 

Floods Pond 

Long Pond 

Farmington, Beedy Brook 

Big Island Pond 

Cattle Brook 

Chace Pond 



25,000 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 



16,000 
8,000 
8,000 

23,000 



30, (XX) 
30,000 
20, 000 
15,000 
20,000 



21,500 
25,000 
30,000 



30, 000 
80,000 
15,000 
15,000 



21,000 
35,000 
50,000 
20,000 
25,000 
37,500 



4,000 

2,400 
4,000 

1,800 
1,200 
3,000 
1,000 
900 
900 
900 
900 
2,000 
G,000 
1,500 
2,000 
6,000 
1,200 
1,200 
4,500 
1,200 
1,500 
2,000 
1,500 
2,000 
1,500 
1,500 
2,000 
600 

300 
300 

1,950 
2,000 
1,950 
1,000 
3,950 

6,000 
6,000 
7.500 

10,000 

500 



1,800 
1,500 



1,500 
1,500 



600 
750 



900 
1,500 

600 
1,500 



48 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Maine — Continued. 

Farinington, Chain of Ponds 






3,000 

1 500 


Dead River Pond 




Grant Pond 




1,500 


Gull Pond 




1 000 


Lufkift Pond 




1 , 500 


Mt. Blue Pond 




.'! 000 


Redington Creek 




1 500 


Sandy River 




1.500 


Tufts Pond 




1,400 


Green Lake, Ducktail Pond 




20,000 
25,000 
15,000 




Partridge Pond 






Snowshoe Pond 






Greenville Junction, Moosehead Lake 






1,500 


Harrington, Schoodic Lake 




35,000 




Holeb, Little Pond 




1,500 


Jaekman, Hatchery Brook 




15,000 
15.000 
15,000 


Supply Pond 




1,500 


Thompson Brook 




Katahdin Iron Works, Big Houston Pond 




1,500 
3,500 


Little Houston Pond 




35,000 
30,000 
37. 500 
20,000 


Kineo, Cany Creek 




Moosehead Lake 




4,500 


Lincoln, Long Pond 




Livermore Falls, Long Pond 




1,500 


Lowelltown, Bog Brook 




12,500 
12,500 
12,500 
30,000 




Deer Pond 






Lowell Pond 






Machias, Bog Lake 






Monmouth, Baker Pond 




l,50O 
1,500 


Jimmy Pond 






Mosquito, Baker Pond 




10,000 
15,000 


Onawa, Upper Boarstone Pond 




• 


Oquossoc, Rangeley Lakes 




2 25( 


Otis, Green Lake 




100,000 




Oxford, Hall Pond 




1,200 


Perry, Bo vden J^ake 




40,000 
37,500 
40,000 


Phillips, Carlton Pond 






Philips Lake, Philips Lake 






Portage, Portage Lake 




2,100 

1,500 

000 


Rumford Falls, Howard Pond 






Sedgwick, Thurston Brook 






South Paris, Pennesseewassee Lake 




17,500 




Shagg Pond 




1,500 


Washburn Pond 




15,000 




Tunic Pond, Tunk Pond 




1,500 


Unity, Sandy Creek 




30,000 
25,000 


West Ellsworth, Pattens Pond. . . 






West Paris, Abbot Pond 




1,200 


Little Concord Pond 






1,500 


Washburn Pond 






000 


Wilton, Webb Pond 




17,500 




York Beach, Otter Pond 




450 


Maryland: 

Annapolis, Alcorn Branch 






1,000 
2,000 


Bel Air, Barnes Run 






Cool Spring Run 






1,000 


Durham's brook 






500 


Elbow Brook 






1,000 


Flint Mill Brook 






1,000 


Graveyard Brook 






1,000 


Hollands Brook 






1,000 


Johnson's brook 






1,000 
1,000 


Stoner Creek 






Wysong Brook 






500 


Deer Park, Altamont Pond 






500 








400 


Pond Run 






500 


Trout Run 






800 


Elkridge, Stony Run 






1,000 
1,000 


Fallston, South Fork Brook 






Glyndon, Lake Jorosa 






500 


Hagerstown, Marsh Run 






1,000 
500 


Mill Spring Run 






Highland, Heaps Brook 






500 


Minefield Brook 






1,000 
1,000 
2,000 


Ramsey Brook 






Hutton, Crystal Lake 







DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 49 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Maryland — Continued . 

Landover, Eccles Pond 

Monkton, Curtis Brook 

Matthews Branch 

Patterson Brook 

Phelps and Reynolds Branch 

Mountain Lake Park, Pine Run 

New Freedom, Ruhls Branch 

Oakland, Cherry Creek 

Deep Creek 

Dunker Lick Creek 

Hamill's lake 

Harrington Creek 

Harvey's pond 

Millers Run 

Wilsons Lake 

Rockland Station, Green Springs Run 

Ruxton, Rockland Creek 

Sharon, Magnes Brook 

Smithsburg, Oswald Run 

Silver Falls Creek 

Warner Gap Run 

Stoyer, Sand Run 

Thurmont, Hunting Creek 

Westminster, Fairview Pond 

Wilson, Laurel Run 

Massachusetts: 

Athol, Swift River 

Clinton, Nashua River 

Concord, Punkatasset Pond 

Fitchburg, Lord Brook 

Mulpus Brook 

Greenfield, Fisk Pond 

Groton, Hunkerty Brook 

Holyoke, Man Han River 

Williamsett Brook 

Lawrence, Schubert's pond 

North Adams, Hoosac River, North Branch. 

Hudson Brook 

Northampton, Running Gutter Creek 

South Hanson, Poors Creek 

Tolland, Slocum Brook 

Waltham, Pequod Brook 

School House Brook 

Westfield, Big Powder Mill Brook 

Farmington River, East Branch.. 

Little River 

Powder Mill Brook 

Weston, Draper Brook 

West Townsend, Allison's pond 

Williamsburg, Clary Pond 

Highland Brook 

Michigan: 

Addison, Posy Creek 

Alger, Bear Creek 

Wells Creek 

Alpena, Davis Creek 

Newton Creek 

Watson Creek 

Widner Creek 

Baldwin, Baldwin Creek 

Battle Creek, Sevenmile Brook 

Bellaire, Shanty Creek 

Biteley, Marquette River '. 

Branch, Weldon Creek 

Brighton, Ore Creek 

Calumet, Eagle Creek 

Mosquito Creek 

Central Lake, Central Lake Brooks 

Clare, Tobacco River, North Branch 

East Tawas, Vaughn Creek 

Gladwin, Cedar River 

Smith Creek 

Grand Marais, Grand Marais Creek 

Greenville, Berridges Creek 

Hale, Hale Creek 

Smith Creek 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



20,000 



16,000 



4,01)0 



8, 000 
8,000 



5.0110 
10, 000 
12,000 
9,000 
9,000 
12, 000 
15.000 



10,000 
12,000 



18,000 



15,000 
10,000 



9,000 
9,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



500 

1,000 

500 

500 

500 

500 

1,000 

1,500 

2,200 

1,800 

1,000 

2,300 

320 

1,800 

500 

1,000 

1,000 

500 

500 

500 

500 

400 

1,500 

500 

1,500 



600 
900 
500 
600 
700 
300 



500 
500 
700 
500 
,200 



500 
1,400 
700 
500 
300 
180 
300 
300 

3,000 



3,000 
3,000 
3,000 



6,000 
4,000 
3,000 



1,000 



10,000 
2,000 



50 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Michigan — Continued . 

Hillsdale, Kirbv Brook 






3,000 


Holland. Half Way Creek 




6,000 


Interlochen, Betsie River 




3 000 


Kalamazoo, Haden Brook 




15, 000 

12,000 




Silver Creek 






Kingsley, Boardman River 




2.000 
2 000 


East Creek 






Mayfield Brook 






2 000 


Little Manistee, Little Manistee River 




20,000 
25,000 

20,000 




Lovells, Au Sable River, North Branch « 






Big Creek 






Crapo Creek 




10, 000 




Mandan, Montreal River 




6 000 


Millersburg, Indian Creek 




12,000 
15,000 
15,000 
12,000 

9,000 
12,000 
10,000 




Little Ocqueoc River 






Ocqueoc River 






Muskegon, Cedar Creek 






Silver Creek 






Newaygo, Bigton Creek 






Northville, Townsend Creek 






Peacock, Au Sable River 




3 000 


Manistee River 






10,000 
0,000 


Petersburg, Crystal Pond 






Phoenix, Gratiot River 






6,000 


Roscommon, Barnes Creek 




5,000 
5,000 
5.000 

10,000 

5,000 


Beaver Creek 






Cedar Creek 






Cold Creek 






Durant Creek 






Willow Creek 






Standish, Lundy Creek 




6, 000 


Sweetwater, Sweetwater Creek 






4,000 


White Cloud, White River 






4,000 


Wingleton, Bowman Creek 






4,000 


Cedar Creek 






4 000 


Danahar Creek 




15.000 




Minnesota: 

Alborn, Ericsson Creek 




600 


Beaver Crossing, Beaver Creek 






10,000 


Budd Creek 






4,000 


Little Split Rock River 






4,000 


Split Rock River 






9,200 


Split Rock River, East Branch 






li.OOO 


Canton, Weisel Creek 






5 300 


Carlton, Otter Creek 






10 000 


Cloquet, Otter Creek 






6 000 


Squaw Creek 






6,000 


Deephaven, Jennison Creek 






900 


Kokesh Creek 






2.000 


Duluth, Endion Brook 







12,000 


Lester Creek, East Branch. . . 






6, 000 


Temperance River 






1 200 


Fond du Lac, Mission Creek 






4,000 


Fosston, Poplar Lake 






10 000 


Hibbing, O'Brien Brook 






800 


Hovland, Upper Brule River. . . 






7.500 


Knife River, Micmac Lake. 






10.000 


Mountain Brook 






6,000 


Nigadoo Brook 






4 000 


Lewiston, Enterprise Creek.. . 






2,000 
600 


Gunther Valley Creek 






Hemmingwav Creek 






2,400 


Laufenbergs Valley Creek 






400 


I'ine Creek 






2 000 


Rush Creek 






2 400 


Stockton Valley Creek 






2,000 


Whitestone Creek, Middle Branch 






600 


Whitewater Creek, South Branch 






2,800 


Little Falls, Hillman Creek 






10,000 
8 000 


Okesippi Creek 






Skunk Creek 






10,000 
2 000 


Minnesota Citv, Bear Creek. . 






Rollingstone Creek, North Branch. . . 






2,000 


RollingstoneCreek, Rupprecht Vallev Branch 






2,000 


Preston, Bear Creek 






2 000 


Camp Creek 






2 000 


Forestville Creek, North Branch 






1.000 


Forestville Creek, South Branch 


i 




2,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



51 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 

yearlings. 

and adults. 



Minnesota — Continued. 

Preston, Partridge Creek , 

Sugar Creek 

Watson Creek 

Redwood, Schmidts Creek 

Rochester, Bear Creek 

Rollins Siding, Bates Creek 

Pine Creek 

Rushford, Big Spring Creek 

Camp Creek 

Choice Creek 

Coolidge Creek 

Dalleys Creek 

Diamond Creek 

Ensend Creek 

Enterprise Creek 

Ferguson Creek 

Gribbin Creek 

Hemingway Creek 

Iverson ('reek 

Jansens Creek 

Johnson Creek 

Meade Creek 

Onstine Creek 

Opheim Creek 

Overland Creek 

Paterson Creek 

Pine Creek 

Tangen Creek 

Voagen Creek 

Wilson Creek 

Wiscoy Creek 

Saginaw, Demsey Creek 

St. Charles, Campbells Spring Branch. 

Carters Run 

Crows Creek 

Drakes Creek 

Fays Run 

Logan Branch 

Nichols Spring Branch 

Pine Creek 

Trout Run 

Whitewater River 

Savage, Nine Mile Creek 

Two Harbors, Encampment River 

Winona, Big Pickwick Creek 

Cedar Creek 

Corey Valley Creek 

Dabelstein's ponds 

East Burns Valley Creek 

Ferguson Creek 

Gilmore Valley Creek 

Harvey Valley Creek 

Hicks Valley Creek 

Laufenberger Creek 

Little Pickwick Creek 

Marev Creek 

Middle Valley Creek 

Nunny Coulee Creek 

Pine Creek 

Pleasant Valley Creek 

Rollingstone Creek 

Rupprecht Valley Creek 

Speltz Valley Creek 

Straight Valley Creek 

West Bruce Valley Creek 

West Burns Valley Creek 

Wiscoy Creek 

Missouri: 

St. Joseph, Missouri Fish Commission. 
Montana: 

Alder, Moran Pond 

Anaconda, Warm Springs Creek 

Warm Springs Pond 

Basin, Cataract Creek 

Belt, Little Belt Creek 

Belton, Fish Creek 

Big Timber, Big Timber Creek 

Boulder, Buffalo Creek 



100,000 



1,000 

1 , 500 

2,000 

400 

1,000 

4,000 

4,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

4,000 

1,000 

1,500 

1,500 

1,000 

1,000 

400 

400 

2,000 

2,000 

6,000 

4,500 

800 

400 

1,400 

1,000 

800 

400 

400 

1,000 

1,000 

1.000 

1,000 

600 

1.000 

400 

600 

600 

1,600 

1,000 

600 

1,400 

1.000 

2.000 

400 

1,000 



1.200 
2,800 
1,600 

22,500 
:<,500 
2,000 

12,000 
2,000 



52 DISTKIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Montana— Continued. 

Bozeman, Beaver Creek 

Bridger Creek 

Kelly Creek 

Butte, Canty's pond 

Nez Perce Pond 

White's lake 

Chinook, Clear Creek 

Columbus, Deep Creek 

East Rosebud Creek 

Fishtail Creek 

Little Rosebud Creek. . 
Skeleton Creek Pond. . . 

Spring Creek 

Stillwater River 

Crab tree, Spring Creek 

Deer Lodge, Dog Creek 

Dillon, Carter Creek 

Landons Creek 

Murray Spring Creek 

Poindexter Creek 

Dodson, Lodge Pole Creek 

Emigrant, Dailey Lake 

Helena, Papoose Creek 

Hobson, Crescent Pond 

Galbreath Coulee Lake. . . 

Lennep, Comb Creek 

Lewistown. Arnell Creek 

Box Elder Creek 

Flat Willow Creek 

Lima, Little Sheep Creek 

Livingston, Holliday Spring Creek. 

Moore, Jones Spring 

Sheridan, Branham Lake 

Straw, East Buffalo Creek 

Toston, Spring Creek Lake 

Victor, Bear Creek 

Big Creek 

Sweathouse Creek 

White Pine, Little Beaver Creek. . . 

Spring Lake 

Winston, Staubach Creek 

Nebraska: 

Chadron, Bordeaux Creek 

Dead Horse Creek 

Creighton, Bayile Creek 

Nevada: 

Reno, Truckee River 

New Hampshire: 

Ashland, Squam Lake. 



Berlin, Chickwelnepy Creek 

Munn Pond 

Success Pond 

Bradford, Mountain Brook 

Oampton, Bee Bee River 

Charlestown, Benware Brook 

Hassom Brook 

Mill Brook 

Concord, Black Brook 

Bon Bog Brook 

Bow Brook Pond 

Bridge Brook 

Brown Brook 

Bumfogen Brook 

Deer Meadow Brook 

Monument Brook 

Pickard Brook 

Pine Island 

Trap Brook 

Enfield, Lovejoy Brook 

E psom, Mountain Brook 

Kxeter, Meadow Brook 

Grafton, Wildmeadow Pond 

Greenville, Shattuck Brook 

Halcyon, Tilton Brook 

Keene, Alstead Brook 

Ashuelot River, East Branch . 



16,000 

30.000 
40.000 
40.000 
12,000 
20, 000 



8, 000 
12.000 
8, 000 
4,000 
8, 000 
16,000 
8, 000 
8, 000 
8, 000 
12,000 
12,000 
12,000 
S.000 



6,000 

16,000 
20, 000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 53 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



New Hampshire— Continued. 

Laconia, Follett Brook 

Gilford Brook 

Lebanon, Cranberry Pond 

Lisbon, Star Crescent Pond 

Madison, Silver Lake 

Manchester, Dalton Brook 

Manter Brook 

Nigger Creek 

Prescott Brook 

Nashua, Budro Brook 

Chase Brook 

Cider Mill Brook 

Gibson Brook 

Newbury , Lake Sunapee 

New London, Barber Brook 

Newport, Cutts Brook 

Penacook, Brickyard Brook 

Tannery Brook 

Peterboro, Nay Brook 

Pike, Eastman Brook 

Plymouth, Little Glen Ponds 

Portsmouth, Marston Brook 

Peverly Brook 

Potter Place, Fellows Meadow Brook 

Raymond, Pordway Brook 

Jose Dudley Brook 

Pine Hill Brook 

Scribner Brook 

Sanbornville, Pike Brook 

South Brookline, Rockwood Pond 

South Lyndeboro, Herrick Brook '. 

Warner, Meadow Mills Creek 

Stevens Hill Creek 

Wentworth, Baker River 

Wilton, Miller Brook 

Purgatory Brook 

Stonv Brook 

Winchester, Willard Pond 

Wolfeboro, Ilaith Brook 

New Jersey: 

Elberon, Whalepond Brook 

Passaic, McDaniels Brook 

Pattenburg, Manunselocwa Creek 

Pompton Lakes, Haycock Brook 

Princeton, applicant 

Salem, Collins Run 

Cool Run 

Easter Run 

South Ogdenburg, Kinney Brook 

Sparta, Pullis Stream ..." 

Sherman Mine Brook 

New Mexico: 

Alamogordo, Spring Canon Pond 

Glorieta, El Reto de la Arrhaw 

J^as Vegas, Sapello River 

Santa Fe, Rio Grande Live Stock Co.'s lake. 

Rio del Media Creek 

Santa Fe River 

Tesuque Creek 

Silver City, Glenwood Pond 

Glenwood Springs 

Wagon Mound, Tison Creek 

New York: 

Adams, South Sandy Creek 

Afton, Cady Creek 

Cornell Creek 

North Afton Brook 

Pixly Brook 

Altmar, Beaver Dam Brook 

Potts Mill Brook 

Salmon River 

Apulia Station, Cascade Brook 

Cold Brook 

Conklin Brook 

Dodge Brook 

Gallinger Brook 

Gleason Brook 



1,000 



6,000 
12, 000 

8,000 
20,000 

5,000 



12,000 
8,000 



6,000 



8,000 
12, 000 



6,000 



0,000 
6,000 
12, 000 



48, 000 
8,000 



6, 000 



16,000 
S,000 



8,000 
12,000 

8,000 
12,000 
16,000 
12,000 



12,000 



24,000 



12,000 
16,000 
24,000 



180 



180 
'180 



6,000 

T666 



250 



180 
180 
180 
180 



1,000 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



1,500 

1,500 

1,500 

500 

500 

500 

5,000 
2,000 - 
4,000 
2,000 
3,200 
2,000 
2,000 
4,000 
5,000 
1,600 



500 

500 

1,000 

1,000 



1,500 
500 

1,000 

1,500 
600 

1,000 



59395°— 11- 



54 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


New York— Continued. 

Apulia Station, Grady Brook 






600 


Johnson Brook 






6,000 


June Brook 






1,500 


Keeler Brook 






1,000 


Lee Brook 






1,000 


Newman Brook 






1,000 


Osborne Brook 






1,000 


Auburn, North Brook 




20, 000 
24, 000 
20, 000 
12, 000 
12, 000 
24,000 


Salmon Brook 






Sennett Brook 






Barneveld, Big Drumlin Pond. . . 






Beaver River, Beaver River 






Twitchell Creek ' 






Bellport, Osborne Creek 




500 


Berlin, Little Hoosiek River. . . 




16,000 
16,000 
8,000 
20, 000 
8,000 
6,000 




Bliss, Wiscoy Creek 






Wiscov Creek, North Branch 






Blossvale, Fish Creek 






Brainard, Black Brook 






Budlong Brook 






Buffalo, New York State Cancer Laboraiory . . 




250 


Cambridge, Blair Brook 




12. 000 
8. 000 
8, 000 
8,000 
8,000 
8,000 
8,000 
8,000 
6,000 
8,000 
16, 000 
16,000 
12,000 
8,000 
12, 000 
12, 000 




Pammanook Creek 






Rice Brook 






Canton, Baldwin Brook 






Buck Brook 






Clark Brook 






Dean Brook 






GiffinBrook . .• . 






Granis Brook 






Howard Brook 






Leonard Brook 






Little River 






MeFadden Brook 






Pleasant Brook 






Taylor Brook 






Cattaraugus, Cattaraugus Creek, West Branch 






Central Bridge, Grosvenor Pond 




500 


Cincinnatus, Brakel Creek 






1,500 


Cooperstown, Iroquois Farm Ponds 






600 


Corinth, Sturdevan Brook 




12,000 




Cornwell, Mineral Spring Creek 




1,000 


Dryden, Virgil Creek 






1,500 


Edmeston, Wharton ('reek 






2.000 


Floodwood, Ledge Pond 




24,000 




Georgetown Station, Gladding Brook 






500 




* 




1,000 


Mariposa Creek 






1,000 


Middletown Creek 






1,000 


Plank Creek 






600 


Thompson Brook 






600 


Greene, Crandall Brook * 






1,000 


Highland Falls, Queensboro Creek 






1,500 


Hoosiek Falls, Case Brook. . . 




8, 000 
12,000 
16,000 




Shingle Hollow Creek 






White Creek 






Iona Island, Doodletown Brook. . . . 




1,000 


Livingston Manor, Beaverkill River 




10,000 
7,500 










Mahopac, Hillsboro Lake 




2,500 


Marathon, Hunts Creek 






1,000 


Merrills Creek 






1,500 


Newark, Military Brook Pond 




8,000 
6,000 
6,000 
6,000 
8,000 
8,000 
8,000 
8,000 
6,000 
8,000 
4,000 
8,000 
8,000 
16.00C 




New Lebanon, Burnemead Brook. . . 






Church Brook 












Gillett Brook 












Hull Brook 




150 


Lost Brook 






Mahar Brook 






























Shaker Mill Brook 




150 


Thomas Brook 




150 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 55 

Details op Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 



BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


New York — Continued. 






150 


West Meadow Brook 




8,000 


Wyomonock Creek 




500 


New York, New York Aquarium 


10,000 




Northville, Barkers Stream 


10, 000 




Onativia, Hiscock Brook 




1,000 
1,000 
2,000 
1,000 
2,500 
1,500 








Morgan Brook 






Montgomery Brook 






Oneonta, Butternut Creek 






Otsego Creek 






Ouleous Creek 






Otego, Otsdawa Creek 








Paul Smiths, Lower St. Regis Lake 




18,000 




Patterson, Croton River 






Quaker Brook 






2,500 


Prospect, Big Rock Lake 




24,000 
1(1,000 
10,000 
16,000 
5,000 
5,000 
7,500 
0,000 
5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
10, 000 
13,500 
8,000 


Randolph, Little Conewango Creek 






Rome, Canada Creek 






Point Rock Creek 






Roscoe, Abewood Brook 






Applev Brook 






Beaverkill River 






Berry Brook 






Darbee Brook 






Shin Rrnnk 






Stewart Brook 






Tpnnn.nah Lake 






Willowemoc River 






Salamanca, Stoddards Pond . . . 






Saugerties, Dwaskill Creek 






Swartzwood, Jackson Hollow Creek 








Syracuse, Carpenter Brook 




10,000 
8,000 
8,000 

20,000 




De Montforde Creek 






Thurman, Millington Brook 




6,000 


Veli Pond 




Valley Stream, Trout Lake 




1,000 


Watertown, French Creek 




4,000 
4,000 
0,000 
8,000 
10,000 
24,000 
24,000 


Kings Creek 






Knapp Creek 






Waterville, Oriskany Creek 






Townsend Creek 






Williamstown, Carterville Pond 






Willsboro, Warm Pond 






North Carolina: 

Addie, Scotts Creek 




3,200 

4 800 


Apalachia, Cane Creek 






Sular Creek 






4,000 
1,600 
1,600 


Balsam, Dark Ridge Creek 






Woodfin Creek 






Black Mountain, Long Branch Creek 






500 


Middle Pork Creek 






1 000 


Montreat Lake 






2,500 
2,000 


Silver Fork 






Sugar Creek 






1,000 


Swannanoa River, North Fork 






2,000 
1,500 


Boonford, Ayles Creek 






Cane River, Elk Fork 






1,000 


Brevard, Middlesex Branch 






4,000 
800 








Dillsboro, Brush yfork Creek 






1,600 


Elk Park, Elk River 






2,400 


Hickory Creek 






2,400 


Winkler Creek 






6,400 
500 


Olenwood, Goose Creek 






Mashburn Creek 






500 


Greenlee, Bear Creek 






1,000 


Bobs Fork Creek 






1,000 


Graybeard Creek 






1,000 


Greenlee Fork Creek 






1,000 


Haw Branch 




1,000 


Huskins Creek 






1,000 


Jarretts Creek , 






1,000 


Little Shoals Creek 






1,000 


Logan Creek 






500 


Lone Fork Creek 






500 


Mountain Creek 






1,000 
500 


NahletsCreek 1... 



56 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


North Carolina— Continued. 






500 


Rock House Creek 






500 


She Bear Creek 






1,000 


Simmons Creek 






1,000 
500 


Still House Creek 












500 








1,000 
1,000 


Wild Cat Falls Creek 







Wolf Creek 






1,000 








3,200 
14,000 














10,000 


Linville Falls, Catawba River, North Fork 






2,000 








500 








1,500 








500 








1,000 


Chalk Brook 






500 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








500 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Mill Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








500 








1,600 








2,400 








2,400 








4,000 








4,800 


Stepup Branch 






1,000 
3,200 














1,000 








2,400 
3,200 














2,400 








2,400 
3,200 














2,400 
2,400 


Shoal Creek 












2,400 








1,600 
500 








Club Creek 






500 








500 








3,200 








3,200 
1,600 
1,600 




















1,600 


Caldwell Fork Creek 






1,600 








3,200 
3,200 














3,200 
1,600 














1,600 








1,600 
3,200 














1,600 








1,600 








1,600 
1,600 














1,600 








1,600 








1,600 








1,600 








1,600 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
. BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



57 



Disposition. 



Ohio: 

Bellefontaine, Macochee Creek 

Spring Branch 

Cleveland, Canyon Spring 

Mansfield, Golf Spring Run 

Mercer Creek 

Mercer Lake 

Niles Run 

Reynolds Run 

Ravena, Spring Creek 

Urbana, Powells Brook 

Oklahoma: 

Carrier, Spring Bark Creek 

Weatherford, Deer Creek 

Oregon: 

Baker City, Daly Creek 

Duncan, Meacham Creek 

Gibbon, Umatilla River 

Hilgard, Spring Creek 

Milwaukee, Crystal Lake 

Oregon City, Abernethy River 

Clear Creek 

Rock Creek Pond 

Woodcock River 

Pennsylvania: 

Allentown, Cedar Creek 

Altoona, Big Laurel Rim 

Burgoon Run 

Chondritis Run 

Dernmaree Run 

Figarts Run 

Green Springs Run 

Juniata Gap Run 

Laurel Run 

Mill Run 

Neb Run 

Sandy Run 

Arcadia, Powell's pond 

Auburn, Bear Creek 

Gold Mine Creek — 

Stony Creek 

Austin, Bailey Run 

Bark Shanty Run 

Big Moores Run 

Birch Run 

Berg Run 

Cowley Run 

Darwin Run 

East Fork Creek 

Freeman Run 

Hammersley Run 

Jones Run 

Little Nelson Run 

Nelson Run 

Portage Creek 

Prouty Run 

South Fork Run 

South Woods Creek 

Wild Boy Run 

Bellefonte, Fulmers Run 

Spring Run 

Belleville, Kishacoquillas Creek 

Kishacoquillas Creek, South Fork. 

Bellwood, Logan Spring Pond 

Benton, Banks Run 

Belles Run 

Benjamin Run 

Colley Brook 

Fair Brook 

Fishing Creek 

Gallas Run 

Hess R un 

Hickory River 

McHenry Run 

Raven Creek 

Wiles Rim 

Wynona Brook 

Berlin, Laurel Run 

Birdsboro, Molasses Pond 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



5,000 
4,000 
4,000 
3,000 
1.5,000 
10,000 
5,000 
9,000 
9,800 



4,000 
3,000 
2,000 
3,000 
4,000 
2,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 

600 
400 



3,000 
500 
500 
500 

.".IK) 

500 

500 

500 

500 

500 

500 

500 

500 

1,200 

1,000 

2,500 

1,000 

500 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,500 

3,000 

1,500 

2,000 

500 

1,000 

1 , 500 

500 

500 

500 

1,000 

500 

1,000 

1,000 

500 

2,000 

1,000 

500 

2,000 

300 



58 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TEOUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Pennsylvania— Continued. 

Bloomsburg, Crouse Run 

Brandon ville, Torbert Run 

Davis Run 

Bridgeton, Wises Run 

Bushkill, Bushkill Creek 

Carrolltown Road, Ahles Run 

Bash Run 

Bearer Run 

Boslet Run 

Davis Run 

Edwards Run 

Farabaugh Run 

Flemings Run 

Flick Run 

Griffith Run 

Kane Run 

Kirk Run 

Lauer Run 

Meisels Run 

Mohler Run 

Owens Run 

Reese Run 

Shettig Run 

Snyder Run 

Springer Run 

Thomas Run 

Tudor Run 

Williams Run 

Centerbridge, Rodgers's pond 

Central, Beaver Run 

Davis Brook 

Jones Brook 

Stony Brook 

Chambersburg, Birch Run 

Carbaugh Run 

Hoosic Run 

Cherry Run, Penns Run 

Cherry Tree, Shryock Run, North Branch 

Clarendon, Elk Run '. 

Six Mile Creek 

Wild Cat Creek 

Clearfield, Cold Run 

Lick Run 

Moose Creek 

Morgan Rim 

Stone Run 

Trout Run 

Coburn, Dormers Deich Run 

East Elk Creek 

Elk Creek 

Philips Creek 

Rough Run 

Spring Run 

Turpentine Creek 

West Elk Creek 

Cold Springs, Pine Swamp Run 

Coles Creek. Black Ash Run 

Coudersport, Allegheny River 

Bis Moreo Run 

Lyman Run 

Mill Creek 

Pine Creek 

Prouty Creek 

Sinnamahoning Creek, South Branch. 

Crandalltown, Long Run 

Cresco, Broadhead Creek 

Buck Hill Creek 

Honnet Hill Creek 

Mill Creek 

Rattlesnake Creek 

Stony Run 

Cresson, Clearfield Creek 

Three Spring Run 

Winterset Rim 

Daylesford, Darby Creek 

Delta, Knell Run 

Mine Run 

Samples R un : . . . 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 59 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 
and adults. 


Pennsylvania— Continued. 






2,000 

2,000 

500 




















2,000 
2,000 














500 








500 








500 


California Run 






500 


Clear Spring Run 




500 


David Evans Pond 






500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








1,000 
500 














500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








500 








1,000 








2,000 








1,000 








500 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Salt Run 






2,000 








1,000 








1,000 








2,800 








600 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,500 








500 








2,500 








1,000 








400 








600 








1,800 








1,000 








500 








1,125 








1,800 








1,800 








1,000 








600 








1,000 








1,500 








1,000 








500 








500 








1,000 








1,000 








500 








500 






1,000 








500 








500 








1,000 








500 








500 








500 






500 






1,000 






1,000 






1,000 


Mitchell Creek. 




500 






1,000 




1 


500 



60 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT-Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Pennsylvania — Continued. 

Honesdale, Rattlesnake Creek 

Rout Creek , 

West Branch 

Hopewell, Beaver Creek 

Otts Run 

Three Spring Run 

Yellow Creek 

Howard, Lick Run 

Hughesville, Muncy Creek 

Huntingdon, Mill Creek 

Stone Creek 

Trough Creek 

Jamison City, Bloody Run 

Grassy Hollow Run 

Haugh Run 

Jersey Shore, Larrys Creek 

Keating Summit, Brown Hollow Creek 

Cowley Run 

Indian Run 

Portage Creek 

Spring Creek 

Knoxville, Troups Creek 

Lancaster, Furnace Ruu 

Middle Creeks 

Silver Run 

Steinmans Run 

Walnut Run 

Landerberg, White Clay Creek, West Branch. 

Lanesboro, Brushville Creek 

, Canawacta Creek 

Cascade Creek 

Cold Spring Brook 

Dodges Creek 

Drinker Creek 

Egypt Creek 

Hemlock Creek 

Roaring Brook 

WildCat Brook 

Laquin, Little Schrader Creek 

Laubach Station, Hess Run 

Longs Brook 

Savage Brook 

Laughlintown, McMullen Run 

Lebanon, Tulpehocken Creek 

Lehighton, Spring Brook 

Lemont, Cedar Creek 

P'urnace Run 

Hublers Gap Run 

Laurel Run 

Pine Swamp Run 

Spring Creek 

Lenover, Weavers Run 

Lewisburg, Laurel Run 

Rapid Run 

White Deer Creek 

Lilly, Bear Rock Creek 

Dunn Creek 

Hughes Spring Pond 

Laurel Run 

McTamany Run 

Lock Haven, Bagley Run 

Birds Run 

Brewer Run 

Castenea Run 

Cherry Run 

Chriss Faust Run 

Clarks Ruu 

Considines Run 

Craig Run 

Deise Run 

Eady Run 

Earon Run 

Eckers Run 

Ferney Run 

Fogarty Run 

Goulds Run 

Grows Run 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1010. 



61 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 






Pennsylvania— Cont inued . 

Lo"ck Haven, Halls Run 

Hanna Run 

Harlens Run 

Harveys Run 

Heaveners Run 

HurdsRun 

Jerry Run 

Johnson Run 

Kamp Run 

KirbysRun 

Kissell Run 

Little Bagley Run 

Little Plum Run 

Little Sugar Valley Run. 

Lloyds Run 

Lucas Run 

Lusk Run 

McCloskey Run 

McElhattan Creek 

McKagnes Run 

Martins Run 

Mill Run 

Mitchell Run 

Moganhans Run 

Muncher Run 

Musters Run 

North Fork Run 

Packer Run 

Pine Bottom Run 

Plum Run 

Queens Run 

QuigglesRun 

Ram Hollow Rim 

Reed Run 

RickersRun 

Rock Run 

Shadles Run 

Shingle Hollow Run 

Slab Run 

South Fork Run 

Spring Run 

Sugar Run 

Totanhorn Run 

Tyler Run 

Welsh Run 

Wetzells Run 

Widmans Run 

Wiener Run 

Wild Run 

Winber Run 

McElhattan, Bixler Run 

Chathams Run 

Comerdner Run 

Jemersons Run 

Little Chathams Run. . . 

Lucas Run 

McElhattan Run 

Motter Run 

Nolans Run 

Russells Run 

Spring Run 

Mahanoy City, Stony Run 

Mansfield, Griffin Creek 

Marienville, Bear Pen Run 

Big Salmon Creek 

Blue Jay Creek 

Brush Creek 

Centennial Run 

Cherry Creek 

Coleman Run 

Crosman's pond 

East Cherry Creek 

East Millstone Creek 

Guston Run 

Hall's pond 

Huling Run 

Jakes Run 



Fry. 



Finger! in gs, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



1,400 
500 
1,400 
1,200 
700 
500 
500 
500 
1,200 
1,200 
1,S00 
500 
500 
1,200 
700 
1,200 
500 
500 
2,400 
1,200 
1,200 
500 
500 
1,200 
700 
1,200 
500 
500 
1,200 
500 
500 
1,200 
500 
50C 
1,400 
700 
1,400 
500 
500 
500 
700 
500 
1,400 
500 
500 
700 
500 
1.200 
500 
500 
700 
2,100 
1.200 
700 
1,200 
1,200 
700 
1,200 
700 
700 
700 
600 
3,000 
500 
1 , 500 

1.000 

500 
500 
500 

1,000 
500 
500 

1,000 
500 
500 
500 
500 



62 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingcrlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 


Pennsylvania— Cont inued. 






1,000 
1,000 


North Salmon Creek , 






Sir Mile Kiin. . 






500 


Truby Run 






500 


Warner Run 






500 


West Millstone Creek 






2 000 


Wild Cat Run 






500 


Marklesburg, Touse Run 






500 


Marsh TTill, Frozen Riin 






1 500 


Maston, Pigeon Run 






1 000 








2 000 


Smith Run . , 






1 000 


Manch flhnnlr, Rear Crepk 






600 


Big Bear Creek 






1 000 


Drakes Creek 






1 000 


Glen Run 






600 


Heydst Run 






600 


Hickory Run 






1 000 


James Run 






1,000 


Keipers Run 






600 


Mauch Chunk Creek 






1 000 


Mud Run 






1 500 


Panther Creek 






600 


Pine Run 






1 000 


Robinsons Run 






600 


Ruddles Run 






600 


Sand Spring Run 






500 


Stony Creek 






1 000 


Wild Creek 






1 000 


Yellow Run 






1 000 


Mayport, Pine Run 






2,000 
1 000 


Meadville, Berley Run 






Brawley Run 






500 


Hamilton Run 






1 000 


Little Sugar Creek , 






1 000 


Spring Run 






1 000 


Middleport, Cold Run 






1 000 


Mifflinburg, Brush Hollow Run 






500 


Buffalo Creek 






1 500 


First Gap Run 






500 


Fourth Gap Run 






1 500 


Halfway Gap Run 






500 


Hays Gap Run 






500 


Lukers Gap Run 






500 


Pine Swamp Creek 






1,000 


Rapid Run 






1 500 


Reeds Gap Run 






500 


Sand Run 






500 


Second Gap Run 






500 


Spruce Run 






1 000 


Third Gap Run 






1 000 


Yankee Run 






500 


Mifflintown, Big Run 






1 500 


East Lost Creek 






1 500 


Hornings Run 






] 000 


Sponhowers Run 






1,000 


Tennis Run 






500 


West Lost Creek 






1 500 


Millville. Bear Run 






1 000 


Milroy, Laurel Run 






1 500 


New Lancaster Stream 






1 500 


Mt. Joy, Big Spring Creek 




500 


Mt. Pocono, Wilson Spring Run 




500 


Mt. Union, Carters Run 


:: 


500 


Scrub Gap Run 




1,000 


Singers Gap Run 




1 000 


Muncv, Muncy Creek 




2,500 


New Freedom, Codorus Creek 




1,000 


Summitt Creek 




500 


New Holland, Goods Run.. 




500 


New Ringgold, Beaver Creek. . 




600 


Cold Run 






600 


I : ausch Creek 






1,000 


Newton Hamilton, Licking Creek 






1,000 


Long Hollow Run 






500 


Nigger Creek 






1,000 


Orangeville, Achenbach Run 






500 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Ecus — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



63 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


P ennsylvania — Continued . 






2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,025 
1,000 
1,500 














Flat Rock Creek 












Trout Run 
























. 


1,500 






1,000 






1,000 


Ten Mile Run 







1,000 
500 














500 








1,000 

1,000 














1,000 








500 








1,000 








500 








1,000 








500 








500 








1,500 








1,000 








500 








1,000 








1,500 








2, 000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Cold Run 






2,000 








1,000 








1,000 








500 








1,000 








1,000 








500 








500 








500 








500 








2,000 








1,000 








500 


Tomtit Run 






500 








600 








500 


"Wolf Run 






1,000 








1,200 








1,200 








1,200 








1,500 








000 








600 


Hells Creek 






600 








600 








COO 








600 








000 








600 








500 








600 








COO 








600 


Wolf Run 






COO 








2, 000 








500 








COO 








500 








1,000 








500 








3,500 








600 








COO 








600 



64 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish EcxGs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 

and adults. 


Pennsylvania — Continued . 






2.00C 








2,40C 








1,20C 








1,20C 








1,20( 




:::::::::::: 


1.20C 




i 


3,60( 






1.40C 








i,80( 








2, 10( 








1,4(K 








1,0(X 






1,001 




i 


1,00( 








1,00C 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00C 








1,50( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








50f 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








501 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 


Mill Creek 






1,00( 








1,C0( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,001 








1,001 








1,00( 








1,00( 








1,00( 


Toby Run 






1,00( 








1,00( 


West Fork Creek 






1,00( 








1,50( 


Windfall Run 






1,00( 


Wolf Creek 






1,00 








2,0a 








1,00 








2,50 








1,00 








1,00 








50 








2,00 








1,00 








50 








1,50 








1,00 


Trout Brook 






1,00 








50 








1,00 








50 








1,001 








501 








1,00 








1,00 








1,001 








60 








501 








60 








1,001 








1,00 








501 








1,001 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 65 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Pennsylvania -Continued. 






400 
2,000 


Spruce Creek, Spruce Creek 






Starrucca, Coxtown Creek 






Farrell Creek 






























1 000 








500 








2,000 
500 


Wild Cat Creek 












1 000 








500 


Roberts Run 






500 


Trout Run 






500 








500 








1,500 


Brown Run 






1,000 








2,000 
1,000 














1,000 


McMichaels Creek 






1,500 


Mountain Creek 






1,000 


Pencil Creek 






2,000 


Pocono Creek 






2,000 
600 


Sambo Creek 






Wigwam Run 






500 


Tionesta, Bates Run 






500 


Bear Creek 






500 


Big Coon Creek 






1,500 


Chauncy Run 






500 


Council Run 






500 


Davis Run 






500 


Dawson Run 






500 


Hemlock Creek 






1,500 


Holeman Run 






500 


Indian Camp Creek 






500 


Jakes Run 






500 


Jamieson Run 






500 


Johns Run 






500 


Jug Handle Run 






500 


Korb Run 






500 


Lamentation Run 






509 


Little Coon Creek 






1,000 


Little Hickory Creek 






1,000 


Little Tionesta Creek 






1,000 


Pearson Run 






500 


Peters Run 






500 


Pigeon Run 






500 


Pinev Run 






500 


Pit Hole Creek 






1,500 


Reck Run 






500 


Ross Run 






1,000 








1,500 








500 


Sibble Run 






500 


Stewarts Run 






1,000 








500 


Tubbs Run 






1,000 


Tower City, Clarks Creek 






2,500 


Rausch Creek 






1,000 


Troy, Becker Creek 






600 


Bullard Creek 






600 


Cleveland Creek 






600 


Covert Creek 






600 


Dry Run 






600 


Forbes Creek 






600 








600 








1,000 








600 








1,000 








600 








1,200 








600 








600 








500 








1,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Pennsylvania — Continued. 

Waynesboro, Antietani Spring, Branch. . 

Weikert, Penns Run 

West Chester, Broad Run 

Wheelersville, Sehrader Creek 

Williamsburg, Bnunbaughs Run 

Clover Creek 

Marsh Run 

Woodbine, Bells Hollow Branch 

Boyds Run 

Kilgore Run 

Rocky Run 

Wade Hill Branch 

York, Green Branch 

South Carolina: 

Cleveland, Fall Creek 

Headforemost Creek 

Reeces Gap Creek 

Pickens, Big Laurel Creek 

Cane Creek 

Dogwood Stump Creek 

Laurel Ford Creek 

Laurel Fork Creek 

Lynchs Mill Creek 

Mathers Creek 

Siele Mountain Creek 

Surveyors Camp Creek 

Willis Creek 

South Dakota: 

Custer. Willow Creek 

Dead wood, Spruce Creek 

Doyle, Big Elk Creek 

Dumont, Spearfish Creek, East Fork 

Elmore, lee Box Canyon Creek 

Spearfish Creek 

Englewood, White Wood Creek 

Hanna, Little Spearfish Creek, East Fork. 

Hermosa, Battle Creek 

Hill City, Dismal Creek 

Gibson Creek 

Hutton Creek, South Branch . . . 

Palmer Creek 

Spring Creek 

Sunday Gulch Creek 

Mystic, Prairie Creek 

Tittles Springs Pond 

Victoria Creek 

Nemo, Box Elder Creek 

Jim Creek 

ICnowlton's pond 

South Box Elder Creek 

Pine Ridge Agency, Bear Creek 

Pringle, Beaver Creek 

Cold Brook 

Rapid City, Deer Creek 

Pine Forest Lake 

Rapid Creek 

Spring Canyon Pond 

Roubaix, Carroll Creek 

Halls Pond 

North Elk Creek. 



Rochford, Little Rapid Creek, North Fork. 
Sisseton, Long Hollow Creek 



Spearfish, Cox Lake. 

False Bottom Creek 

Hiltons Gulch Creek 

Kingsley's lake 

Lindley Spring Run 

McGregor Spring Branch . 

Miller Creek 

Normal Lake 

Spearfish River 

Todd's pond 

Spring Gulch, McDonald Pond 

Sturgis, Deadmans Creek 

Walker, Rock Creek Pond 

Tennessee: 

Blevins, Brushy Creek 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 67 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 

yp-arlings, 
and adults. 



Tennessee— Continued. 

Butter, Greggs Branch 

Greenville, Camp Creek 

Knoxville, Fountain C ity Lake 

Nashville, Lipscomb's pond 

Newport, Ground Hog ( reek 

Pikeville, Bradens Creek 

Cooper Branch 

Glade Creek 

Halls Creek 

Skillern ( reek 

Shell City, Doll Branch 

Shell Creek 

Slocums, Farmer Branch 

Shouns, McE wen Branch 

Payne creek 

Utah: 

Provo, applicant 

Applicant 

Grandview Pond 

Provo River 

Robins Springs Pond 

Spring Creek Pond 

Springdale Pond 

Upper Falls Ponds 

Vineyard Ponds 

Salt Lake, Spring Creek 

Springville, Spring Creek 

Vermont: 

Averill, Forest Lake 

Little Averill Lake 

Mild Brook 

Bellows Falls, Morse Brook 

Bennington, Jackson Brook 

Brattleboro, Ames Brook 

Brickyard Brook 

Broad Brook 

Houghton Brook 

Johnson Brook 

Weatherhead Hollow Brook. 

Whetstone Brook 

Wilder Brook 

Castleton, Castleton River 

Chester, Fullerton Brook 

Williams River 

Cuttingsville, Shrewsbury Pond 

Fair Haven, Eureka Pond 

Fowler, Fowler Brook 

Greensboro, Caspian Lake 

Groton, Darling Pond 

Holden, Furnace Brook 

Pico Pond 

Hydeville Castleton River 

Ferrin River 

Lyndonville, V ail's pond 

Manchester, Batten Kill River 

Lye Brook 

Mountain Brook 

Marshfield, Niggerhead Pond 

Montpelier, Mallory Brook 

North Bennington, Cold Springs Brook . . 

Paran Creek 

Northfield, Yatter Pond 

Pawlet, Pawlet River 

Pittsford, Furnace Brook 

Sugar Hollow Brook 

Plainfield, Laird's pond 

Poultney, Poultney River 

Pownel, Mattison Brook 

Proctor. Fox Pond 

Proctorsville, Williams River 

Putney, Sacketts Brook 

Randolph, Ayers Brook 

Bear Hill Brook 

Chandler Brook 

Clough Brook 

Eldredge Pond 

Fisher Brook 



100. 000 
25,000 



18,600 



35,000 

55,000 



25.000 
12.000 



0,000 

56,666 



12, 000 
12,000 
16,000 



20, 000 



20, 000 
8,000 

16, 000 
8,000 



2,400 
4,000 
4,000 
800 
2,400 
4,000 
2,400 
5,600 
3,200 
4,000 
1,600 
5,600 
1,600 
1,600 
1.600 



1,1 



1.800 
1,800 
3,600 
1,800 
3,600 
3,000 
2,400 



1, 500 



1,000 
1,000 
1,500 
1.000 
1,000 
1,000 
2,000 
1,000 
3.500 
1,000 
3,000 
4,800 
1,000 
1,500 
6,000 
7,000 
10,000 
3,000 
4,000 



850 
1, 400 



3,000 
2,500 

1,250 
1,250 



5,000 



3. 000 
4,000 
4,000 
2.000 
4,000 



1,500 
2,000 



500 



8,000 



68 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Vermont— Continued. 

Randolph, Guilds Brook 

Halfway Brook 

Howard Hill Brook 

Meadow Brook 

Mud Pond 

Roods Brook 

Roxbury Brook 

Snow Brook 

White River, Middle Branch 

Readsboro, Lamb Brook 

South Branch 

Rutland, Atwood Brook 

Beaver Meadow Brook 

Billings Brook 

Brewer Brook 

Castleton River 

Chittenden Reservoir 

Cold River 

Cold River, North Btanch 

Cold River, South Branch 

Curtis Brook 

Deermont Creek 

East Brook 

Eddy Brook 

Gleason Brook 

Ira Brook 

Ottaqueechee Brook 

Ripley Brook 

Sharon, Lake Mitchell 

White River 

South Royalton, Pinehurst Lake 

South Ryegate, Hatch's pond 

■ South Wallingford, South Wallingford Branch . 

St. Johnsbury, Blodgett Brook 

Fairbanks Ponds 

Frog Pond 

Green Mountain Brook 

Grouselands Pond 

Joes Brook 

Lawrence Ponds 

Meadow Brook 

Sleeper River 

Spaulding Brook 

Stony Brook 

Water Endrick Creek 

Waterman's pond 

Springfield, Hazen 's pond 

Stockbridge, Tweed River 

Taftsville, Beaver Brook 

Townshend, Shanty Lot Brook 

Walden, Haynesville Brook 

Lyford Pond 

Meadow Brook 

Wells, Wells Brook 

West Hartford, Dimmick's ponds 

Meadow Brook 

Northcote Brook 

Rockland Brook 

Whipple Brook 

Woodland Brook 

West Paulet, Indian River 

Windsor, Mill Brook 

Woodstock, Lakota Lake 

Moore Pond 

Smith Brook 

Wyandale Brook 

Virginia: 

Alleghany Station, Cove Creek 

Arcadia, North Creek 

Arrington, Mountain Spring Pond 

Basic City, Baker Springs 

Jordan Pond 

Bedford, North Otter River 

Big Island, Hunting Creek 

Reed Creek 

Covington, Cast Steel Run 

Laurel Run 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



8,000 
16,000 

8.000 
20, 000 

8,000 

8,000 
12,000 

8,000 
24, 000 



8,000 
12,666 



16,000 

12, 000 
32, 000 
12, 000 
12, 000 



8,000 
12,000 

8,000 
16,000 

8, 000 
100, 000 

8,000 
20, 000 
25, 000 
16, 000 
15, 000 



10,000 
20, 000 



20, 000 

26.666 



5,000 



40, 000 
20, 000 
16,000 



8,000 



20, 000 



8,000 
8,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 69 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Virginia— Continued. 

Covington, Roaring Run 

Craigsville, Campbell Run 

Claytons Brook 

Culpeper, Hazel River 

Miller Creek 

Ferrol, Trout Run 

Glenvar, Callahan Brook 

Goshen, Kelso Run 

Grottoes, Big Run 

Harrisonburg, Long Run 

Hunters, Little Difficult Run 

Jenkins Ford, Cedar Creek 

Maurertown, Cedar Creek 

Mount Vernon, Washington Spring Branch . 

Pearch, Horsleys Creek 

Richmond, Burke's pond 

Rockfish, Goldmine Creek 

Salem, Peters Creek 

Spout Spring, Steele's pond 

Stanley, Hendersons Mill Pond 

Tates Run, Tates Run 

Tye River, Cox Creek 

Washington: 

Addy, Stenger Creek 

Bellingham, State Fish Commission 

Colville, Twin Lakes 

Lake View, Clover Creek 

Lamona, Crab Creek 

Newport, Bead Lake 

Mystic Lake 

Seattle, Exposition Aquarium 

Spangle, Spring Lake 

Spokane, Newman Lake 

Wenatchee, Spring Valley Pond 

West Virginia: 

Berkeley, Cold Run 

Beverly, Beaver Creek 

Burner, Harper Run 

Little River 

Mountain Lick Run 

Span Oak Run 

Cairo, Lake Carrell 

Capon Road, Laurel Lake 

Capon Springs, Mutton Run 

Davis, Blackwater River 

Harman, Spruce Run 

Harton, Candy Creek 

Huttonsville, Elk River 

Files Creek 

Mill Creek 

Riffles Creek 

Keyser, Patterson Creek, North Fork 

Marlinton, Cochrans Creek 

Elk River, Crooked Fork 

Indian Draft Creek 

Mill Run 

May, Greenbrier River 

Orndorf Run 

White Camp Run 

Midvale, Cassity Fork Creek 

Raleigh, Piney Creek 

Renick, Spring Creek 

Rippon, Bullskin Run 

Seebert, Cranberry Creek 

Terra Alta, Big Run 

Big Wolf Creek 

Buck Lick Creek 

Dority Creek 

Elsey Creek 

Kinsinger Creek 

Laurel Run 

Little Wolf Creek 

Muddy Creek 

Roaring Creek 

Salt Lick Creek 

Snowy Creek 

Spruce Run 



18, 700 



100, 000 



3,000 

500 

1,500 

4,800 



500 
2,400 
0,000 

300 

300 
2,500 

600 
6,000 
1,000 
2,400 

600 
2,400 
6,400 

500 

400 

50 

2,400 

4,500 



4,500 
5,000 
5,500 
6,000 
6,000 
18 
3,000 
6,000 
6,000 

800 
1,000 
1,500 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
1,000 

500 
3,750 
2,500 
1,000 
3,000 

500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,200 

750 

750 
2,500 
1,000 
3,000 
1,000 
1,000 
3.000 
14,000 

500 
1,500 
6.01X1 
1,000 
2,000 
1,000 
2,500 
2,000 

800 
1,200 
3,000 
1,500 
2,500 
4,000 
6,700 
1,000 



59395°— 11- 



70 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 


West Virginia — Continued. 

Terra Alta, White Oak Creek 






2,00( 








60( 








1,00( 






59,000 


1,00( 






1,00( 


Wildell, Elk Run 






4,00( 








2,0W 








2,00( 


Wisconsin: 

Albertville, Little Elk Creek 






3,0W 


Alma, Ti'tt'P- Waiimandpp. Prpek 






2, ax 


Alma Center, Pigeon Creek 






1,20( 








6,00( 








30( 








3(K 


French Creek 






3(X 


Oilman Creek 






3CK 


Haines Creek 






30C 


Holcomb Coulee Creek 






30( 


Hunters Creek 






30( 


Kried Valley Creek . : 






30( 


Lewis Valley Creek 






30( 


Long Creek 






m 


Mineral Spring Brook 






m 








30( 


Rocky Run Creek 






30( 


Sandy Creek 






3fX 


Scharlow Valley Creek 






3(X 


Trout Run 






• 30( 


Auburndale, Mohan Creek 






4,00( 


Augusta, Beamans Creek 






60( 


Bears Grass Creek 






80C 


Beaver Creek 






60C 


Bee Creek 






30C 


Beef River 






40C 


Bridge Creek 






60C 


Browns Creek 






30C 


Chancy Creek 






30C 


Coon Gut Creek 






30C 








30C 


Hathaway Creek 






40C 








40C 








40C 


Muskrat Creek 






40C 


Otter Creek 






80C 


Sand Creek 






30C 


Thompson Creek 






40C 


Travis Creek 






300 


Bangor, Adams Creek 






40C 


Big Creek 






30C 








90C 


Kalburan Creek 






300 


Sand Creek 






600 


Swamp Creek 






30C 


Barneveld, Clavahn Stream 






4,000 


Four Mile Creek 






800 


Beldenville, Trim belle Creek 






900 


Birchwood, Fullerton Pond 






2,700 


Black River Falls, Roaring Creek 






6,000 


Blair, Bear Creek 






300 


Beaver Creek 






300 


Lake Coulee Creek 






300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 


Bluff Siding, Bohlies Valley Creek 






600 








1,000 








1,600 








1,000 








1,000 








1,400 








400 








400 








1,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



71 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin— Continued. 

Blulf Siding, Pine Creek 






1 000 


Brule. Carlson Creek 






2; 000 
4,000 
3,000 
4,000 
2,000 
2.000 


Shade Creek 












Cable, Big Run 


















Five Mile Creek 






2,000 








4,000 








4,000 
8,000 






/ 








2,000 








4,000 
















4,000 








3.000 








4,000 








1,000 








1.000 








1.000 


Fremstead Creek 














1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Timber Coulee Creek 






1,000 








1.000 


Cassville, Furnace Branch 






600 


Chippewa Falls, Big Beaver Creek 






1,000 








1,000 


Drywood Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Klk Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Seth Creek.. 






1.000 








1.0110 


Trout Creek.. 






1,000 








300 


Bulls Valley Brook . 






300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








600 


Mill Creek 






300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








1,000 








1,000 








4,000 








3,000 








2. 000 








1,000 








4,600 








500 








3,000 








3,000 








800 



72 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 



BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin — Continued. 

Dodgeville, Smith Creek 






3,000 
1,500 
4,500 


Williams Stream 






Drummond, Jaders Creek 






Johnson Creek 






1,500 


Long Lake Branch 






4,500 
300 








Bear Creek ■ 






1,200 


Big Arkansas Creek 






2,000 
1,000 


Big Coulee Creek 






Drier Creek 






1,000 


Fall Creek 






1,200 


Fox Creek 






300 


Gray Creek 






300 


Heron Creek 






1,000 


Little Arkansas Creek 






2,000 

2,000 

600 


Porcupine Creek 






Spring Creek 






Eau Claire, Beaver Creek 






1,600 


Clear Creek 






1,600 


Coon Creek 






1,500 


Craft Creek 






1,000 


Cranberry Creek 






800 


Deer Creek 






500 


Eight Mile Creek 






1,000 


Eighteen Mile Creek 






1,000 
2,600 
1,500 


Elk Creek 






Five Mile Creek 






Grace Creek 






400 


Hansen Creek 






2,000 


Little Niagara Creek 






300 


Little Rock Creek 




:; 


500 


Lowes Creek 






1,800 


Nine Mile Creek 






1,800 


North Creek 






300 


Otter Creek 






1,000 


Pine Creek 






• 500 


Rock Creek 






1,600 
500 


Sandy Creek 












1,500 
1,600 


Sherman Creek 




:::::::::::: 








1,300 


Trout Creek 






1,800 








1,000 
1,000 


West Creek 






Wrights Creek 






800 


Edgewater, Arfin Creek 






1,000 


Beaver Creek 






1,000 


Billikin Springs Creek 






2,000 
1,000 
1,000 


Casey Creek 












Hay Creek 






2,000 








1,000 








1,000 








2,000 








1,000 








2,000 


Plum Creek 






1,000 








1,000 


Trout Creek 






2,000 
2,000 














9,000 


Eleva, Big Creek 






1,000 


Trout Creek 






1,000 


Ellsworth, Brush Creek 






3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








4,000 








3,000 








3,000 


Eau Galle River 






4,000 


Plum Creek 






4,000 
300 


Fairchild, Black Creek 







Boatman Creek 






300 


Coon Fork Creek 






600 


Coon Gut Creek 






300 


Flick Creek 






600 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



73 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Wisconsin — Continued . 

Fairchild, Johnson Creek 

McLaren Creek 

Marrin Creek 

Pitts Creek 

Toals Creek 

Travis Creek 

Fennimore, Legged Creek 

Fond du Lac, Parson Brook 

Foxboro, Big Balsam Creek 

Empire Creek 

Little Balsam Creek 

State Line Creek 

Galesville, Beaver Creek 

Beaver Creek, North Branch . 
Beaver Creek, South Branch. 

Bean Creek 

Corrigan Creek 

Coulee Creek 

Crystal Valley Creek 

Dutch Creek 

French Creek 

Grant Creek 

Hardy Creek 

Silver Creek 

Tamarack Creek 

Gleason, Eight Mile Creek 

Hay Meadow Creek 

North Branch River 

Pine River 

Silver Creek 

Glenwood, Balons Creek 

Behrens Creek 

Beleans Creek 

Blakely Creek 

Bolan Creek 

Browns Creek 

Camp Nine Creek 

Conners Creek 

DeSmith Creek 

Eldridge Creek 

Jacobson Creek 

Johns Creek 

Little Beaver Creek 

Morgan Creek 

Sachse Creek 

Sand Creek 

Sullivan Creek 

Torgeson Creek 

Vance Creek 

Grand Rapids, Five Mile Creek 

Green Bay, De Greet 's pond 

Greenwood, Alder Creek 

Black Creek 

Cawley Creek 

Colby Creek 

Dickerson Creek 

Giler Creek 

Hay Creek 

Kawley Creek 

Nichol Creek 

Norwegian Creek 

Rock Creek 

Rocky Run 

Wedges Creek 

Hackley , Hackley Creek 

Harshaw, Bearskin Creek 

Little Bear Creek 

Rice Creek 

Hej'neman, Prairie River 

Hi.tion, Amo Creek 

Curran Creek 

Gaulster Creek 

Holmes Creek 

Judkins Creek 

Larson Creek 

Lowe Creek 

Mortiboy Creek 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



74 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings, 

and adults. 


Wisconsin— Continued . 

Hixton, Nettleton Creek '. 






1 000 


North Branch 






1,000 
2,000 
1 000 


Pine Creek 






Schmerhorn Creek 






Simpson Creek 






1 000 


Tank Creek 






1 000 


Timhpr ("reek. . 






1,000 
3 000 


Hudson, Willow River 






Independence, Bennett Valley Creek 






300 


Borst Valley Creek 






1,300 
1,300 


Bruce Valley Creek 






Burt Valley Creek 






1,000 


Chimney Rock Creek 






1,300 


Cookes Creek 






1,000 


Dubil Valley Creek 






1,000 


Elk Creek 






1,300 


Elk Creek Pond 






300 


Engum Creek 






1,000 


Finright Creek 






1,000 


Gunderson Creek 






1,000 


Hawkinson Creek 






1,000 








1.300 


Ignatz Lvga Creek 






1,000 








1,000 


Kurth Valley Creek 






1,000 


Lvga Creek 






1,000 


Maloney Creek 






1,000 


Nelson Valley Creek 






1,000 


North Branch Creek 






1,300 


Olson Creek 






1,000 


Plumb Creek 






1,300 


Poppies Creek 






1,000 


Roskos Creek 






1,000 


Russell Valley Creek 






1,000 


Rusts Creek 






1,000 


Schaflners Creek 






1,000 


Simonson Valley Creek 






1,000 


Skogstad Creek 






1,300 


Slanton Creek 






1,000 


Solfest Creek 






1,300 








1,300 


Uetz Creek 






1,000 


Ulbug Valley Creek 






1,000 


Vennis Creek 






1,000 


Zimmer Creek 






1,300 








4,000 








8,000 








4,000 








300 








300 


Oborn Creek 






300 








300 








400 








300 








300 


Indian Creek 






2,000 


North Bar Creek 






4,000 








4,000 








3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








1,500 








1,500 








1,500 








3,000 








1,500 








3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








3,000 








300 








4,000 








3,000 








3,000 








10,000 








1,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



75 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin — Continued. 

Menomonie, Anderson Creek 






800 
800 








Asylum Springs Creek 












800 


Beaver Creek 






Big Elk Creek 
























Bishop Creek 






800 


Biss Creek 






800 








800 


Boland Creek 






1 600 








800 


Clarks Creek 






800 


Coon Creek 






800 


Cowan Creek ' 






800 


Cranberry Creek 






800 








800 








800 


Drowlevs Spring Creek 






800 


Eau Galle River 






800 


Eddy Creek 






800 


Eighteen Mile Creek 






800 


Fall Creek 






800 








800 








800 


Gilbert Creek 






800 








1,000 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








1,600 








800 


Little Elk Creek 






800 








800 








800 


Little Otter Creek 






800 


Little Sand Creek 






800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 


Otter Creek 






800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








800 








1,600 








800 



76 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin— Continued . 






2,000 








2, 700 


Clark Creek 






300 








1.300 


Flood Creek 






400 








1 . 300 


Hall Creek 






2.000 








500 








300 








300 








300 








1.200 








2,000 








600 








1,000 








1,500 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Glen Creek 






1,000 








2,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Mill Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Pulling Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Rudd Creek 






2,000 








1,000 








1,000 








2.000 








1,000 








300 








400 








300 








300 








500 








500 








300 


E Ik Creek 






300 








300 








600 








300 








500 








300 








300 








500 








500 








300 








300 








300 








300 








600 








300 








300 


Wall Branch 






300 








6,000 








3,000 








1.000 








600 








900 








4,500 


Pepin, Big Plum Creek 






600 


Bogus Creek 






300 


Elk Creek 






300 


Little Plum Creek 






300 








300 








300 








600 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



77 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin — Continued . 

Phipps, McDermott Brook 






1,500 
6,000 

4,500 

10.000 

3,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,300 

300 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

300 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

300 




















Union River 


















Big Bear Creek 
























Cobb Creek 






Cranberry Creek 




i 


Desair Creek 






German Creek 






Hay River 






Heger Creek 






Hemlock Creek 






Kegamo Creek 






Little Bear Creek 






Little Spring Creek 






Long Lake Stream 






Meadow Creek 






Miller Creek 












Mud Creek 






Olson Creek 






Overby Creek 






Pekegamo Creek 







Prairie Creek 












Rice Creek 






Savage Creek 






Silver Creek 






South Creek 






Spoon Creek 






Spring Creek 






Spur Nine Brook 






Sucker Creek 






Weiss Creek 






West Branch 






Yellow River 






Richland Center, Ash Creek 






600 


Fancy Creek 






Little Willow Creek 






600 


Melancthon Creek 






600 


Pine River 








Ridgewav, Mill Creek.. . . 








River Falls, Kinmckinnic Creek. . 








Nye Creek 






600 


South Fork River 






900 


Rosendale, Silver Creek 








Solon Springs, Ox Creek 








Sparta, Beaver Creek 






300 










La Crosse River 






400 


Little La Crosse River 






400 


Sargent Creek 






300 


Silver Creek 






300 


Soper Creek 






300 








300 


Squaw Creek 






300 


Tarr Creek 






300 


Tuttles Creek 






300 


Walworth Creek 






300 


Spring Vallev, Bahrs Creek 






300 


Burghardt Creek 






300 


Cady Creek 






300 


Cave Creek 






600 


Eagle Springs.- 






300 


French Creek 






300 


Gilbert Creek 






1,200 
300 


Jacobson Creek 






Johnson Creek 






300 


Lohns Creek 






300 








600 


Mines Creek 






300 



78 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlings, 

yearlings. 
and adults. 


Wisconsin — Continued, 






1,200 








4.000 








3,000 
4,500 
4,500 
6,000 
2,000 


















• 














2,000 








3,000 








2,000 








2,000 
1,000 














2.000 








2,000 


Mill Creek 






2,000 
1,000 














2,000 








1,000 








2,000 
1,000 








Viola, Church Creek 






3 000 








4,000 


Cotter Creek 






2,000 
1,000 














1,000 








1,000 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








30b 








300 








300 








300 








4,000 








3,800 
600 














2,000 








3,000 








3,000 








2,000 
2,000 


Wedde Creek 












3,000 








1,200 








300 








2,300 


Coon Creek 






2,300 








2,000 
300 














1,000 


Kickapoo Creek 






1,200 








1,300 








900 








300 








600 








1,300 








2,000 








1,000 


Spring Coulee Creek 






2,000 


Spring Valley Creek 






300 


Sveen Creek 






2,000 


Timber Coulee Creek 






2,000 


Timber Valley Creek 






300 


Van Ruden Creek 






2,300 


West Salem, Adams Valley Creek 






400 


Bostwicks Valley Creek 






400 


Burns Creek 






400 


Cliff McClentock Creek 






300 


Gilles Coulee Creek 






300 


Green Creek 






300 


Holberg Creek 






300 


Johnson Creek 






300 


Jones Creek 






600 








300 








300 



DISTRIBUTION OP FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



79 



Details of Distribution* of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
BROOK TROUT— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Eggs. 


Fry. 


Fingerlinis, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 


Wisconsin — Continue'!. 






400 








: J .00 








600 








300 








300 








300 








300 








300 








400 








300 








300 








1,000 


Big Otter Creek 






1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 








1,000 


Little Otter Creek 






1,000 








1,000 


Whitehall, Barlow Valley Creek 






300 








300 








300 


Elk Creek 






600 


Fly Creek 






300 








300 








300 


North Valley Creek ... 






300 








300 


Wild Rose, Willow Creek 






800 








600 








500 








300 








1,500 








300 








300 








3,300 


Slaten Creek 






300 








1,500 








2,000 


Black Hoof Creek 






4,000 








23,000 


Cutler Creek 






2,000 








2,000 








4.000 








2,000 








2,000 








2,000 








2,000 








2,000 








2,000 








2,000 


Wyoming: 






2,000 








6,000 








3,000 








2,500 








2.500 








2,500 








2,500 








5.500 








10,000 








12,500 








5,000 








15,000 








20,000 


Japan: 


5,000 










516,000 


7,365,945 


4,085,174 







a Lost in transit, 23,600 fry and 158,687 flngerlings. 



80 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

SUNAPEE TROUT. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



New Hampshire: 

Lake Sunapee. Lake Sunapee. 
Newbury, Lake Sunapee 



115,029 
56,000 



Total. 



GRAYLING. 



Montana: 

Lakeview, Elk Creek 




16,000 




Elk Lake 






Washington: 




18 


Wyoming: 

Sheridan, Bear Creek 


25, 000 












Total 


25,000 


81,000 


18 







SMELT. 



Maryland: 

Mountain Lock, Potomac River 






9,000 


New York: 

Raquette Lake, Lake Kora 


4,500.000 










Total 


4,500,000 




9 000 









Iowa: 

Lime Springs, Upper Iowa River. . . 

North McGregor, Mississippi River. 
Minnesota: 

Brownsville, Mississippi River 

Wisconsin: 

Genoa,, Mississippi River 

La Crosse, Mississippi River 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River. 



Total. 



700 
1,900 

18,650 

500 
19,650 
1,900 



PICKEREL. 



Wisconsin: 

Genoa, Mississippi River 






166 


La Crosse, Mississippi River 






168 


Victory, Mississippi River 






166 










Total 






500 











DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 
Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 



81 



CRAPPIE AND STRAWBERRY BASS. 



Disposition. 



Arkansas: 

Harrell, Spring Dale Pond 

Helena, Blue Hole 

Long Lake 

Mississippi River 

Junction, Spring Lake 

Nashville, Mine Creek 

Patmos, Mental Pond 

Stamps, Mueille Lake 

Price Pond 

W ashington, Allen's pond 

Connecticut: 

Danbury, Kellogg's pond 

Wolf Pond 

New Haven, Granniss Lake 

Illinois: 

A vena, Willow Lake 

Belleville, Club Pond 

Heinemann's lake 

Carbondale, Club Lake 

Simons Lake 

Carterville, Peyton's pond 

Donnellson, Clover Leaf Lake 

East Hannibal, Sni E'Carte River 

Herrin, Manning Pond 

Mine Pond 

Hillsboro, Seymour Club Lakes 

Lake Forest, Whitehall Pond 

Indiana: 

Haubstadt, Oak Summit Pond 

Lebanon, Bramble Gravel Pit 

Paoli, Willow Lake 

Richmond, Crystal Lake 

Shell Brook Pond 

Iowa: 
Algona, Upper Des Moines River, East 

Branch 

Fort Madison, Green Bay 

Independence. W r apsipiriicon River. . . 

North McGregor, Mississippi River 

Stockport, Silver's pond 

Kansas: 

Caldwell, Bluff Creek 

Farlington, Mitchell's pond 

Kentucky: 

Bradford, Locust Brook Pond 

Meadow Brook Pond 

Campbellsburg, Sanford Pond 

Cropper, W illo »v Pond 

Emmons, Breezy Heights Pond 

Lebanon, Graham's pond 

Rogers's pond 

Louisville, Cemetery Lake 

Lake Lansdowne 

St. Mary, Forester Lake 

Louisiana: 

Athens, Gandy's pond 

Marsalis Pond 

Bernice, Chalybeate Spring Pond 

Heard's pond 

Keatchie, China Grove Lake 

Mansfield, Bickerstaff Lake 

Brick Company's pond 

Many, Hoagland's pond 

Quitman, Harvey's pond 

Spring Lake 

Ruston, Hancock's pond 

Maryland: 

Mountain Lock, Potomac River 

Prince George County, Goodloe'spond. 
Minnesota: 

Brownsville, Mississippi River 

Rochester, Zumbro Mill Pond 

Wheaton, Lake Traverse 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



70 

7,000 

22, 200 

145,010 

70 

250 

100 

60 

185 

100 

250 
250 
200 

200 
150 
400 
200 
200 
250 
150 
750 
500 
500 
300 
320 

100 
100 
100 
200 
200 



400 
125 
400 
46,000 
100 

1,000 
25 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
150 
150 
100 
300 
200 

100 

100 

70 

70 

100 

150 

100 

130 

70 

70 

100 

247 
100 

43,250 

20 

200 



Disposition. 



Mississippi: 

Booneville, Beach Bluff Lake 

Hollaway Lake 

Red Kim Lake 

Columbus, Mullins Lake 

Corinth, Lake Billsville 

Macon, Poplar Lake 

Willow Glen Pond 

Noxapater, Estes's pond 

Philadelphia, Spring Pond 

Tupelo, Sterns'spond 

West Point, Fortson Lake 

Missouri: 

Aurora, Crane Creek 

Butler, Lake Katherine 

Higginsville, Railroad Pond 

Mount Vernon, Honey Creek 

Hoshaw Lake 

Jaggerman Lake. 
Johnson's lake. .. 

Spring River 

Nevada, Katy Allen Lake 

Springfield, Walnut Spring Lake 

Warrensburg, Meily's lake 

West Plains, Carter's pond 

Willow Springs, Maple Pond 

New York: 

Albany, Stevens's pond 

Newark, Asylum Reservoir 

North Carolina: 
Henderson ville, Jane Mill Pond.. 
Lake Osceola. . . . 
Rainbow Lake. . 
North Dakota: 

Berlin, Rush Pond 

Fullerton, Appelquist Pond..' 

Glen Ullin, Sprecher's pond 

Hankinson, Lake Elsie 

Lisbon, Prairie Farm Lake 

Ohio: 

Bradford, Greenville Creek 

Covington, Stillwater River 

Gettysburg, Greenville Creek 

Winton Place, Hollywood Lake. . 
Oklahoma: 

Alva, Harbaugh Lake 

Apache, Morgan's ponds 

Spring Pond 

Sturman's pond 

Wogan's pond 

Ardmore, Camp Brown Creek 

Edward's pond 

Hickory Creek 

Love's lake 

Silver Lake 

Barron Fork, Yonah Pond 

Bliss, Arkansas River 

Canute, Turkey Pond 

Chouteau, Bledsoe Pool 

Cleveland, Silver Lake 

Cushing, Willow Pond 

Elgin, South Side Farm Pond.... 

El Reno, Nettie Ruth Lake 

Fletcher, Cox Reservoir 

Gracemont, Walnut Grove Pond. 

Marietta, Black Lake 

McKinney's pond 

Smith's pond 

Washington Lake 

Noble, Appleby's pond 

Oklahoma City, Deepwater Lake 
Fields'spond.. . 
Gaylord"spond.. 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



100 
100 
200 
100 
250 
100 
100 
100 
100 
KM) 
100 

300 
100 
275 
300 
200 
200 
200 
400 
100 
200 
100 
100 
100 

100 
100 

200 
300 
150 

55 
100 
100 
200 
100 

350 
250 
250 
200 

175 

100 

50 

50 

50 

400 

300 

200 

300 

400 

100 

200 

150 

100 

100 

100 

50 

300 

150 

100 

50 

65 

50 

50 

50 

150 

175 

200 



82 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS. 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
CRAPPIE AND STRAWBERRY BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 

year- 
lings, 
and 
adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Oklahoma — Continued. 


200 
100 
100 
100 
150 
100 
100 

200 
150 

100 
100 
125 
100 
100 
100 
100 
75 
150 
100 
100 
200 
125 
100 
100 

200 

30 
30 
100 
40 
30 
20 
15 
100 
20 
40 
50 
100 
30 
20 
20 
100 
50 
100 
50 
26 
50 
100 
100 
40 
50 
100 
100 
100 
200 
50 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
75 
30 
20 

50 
40 
40 
175 
30 
20 


Texas— Continued . 


30 




Detroit, Oil Mill Pond 


30 




Elgin, Elgin Lake 


20 




Elkhart, E lkhart Lake 


100 






31 




Fort Worth, Lake Homewood 


140 






50 


Pennsylvania: 




65 


Jaehne's pond 


30 


York, Codorus Creek, South Branch. . . 
South Carolina: 




30 




25 




30 




Thonig Pond 


30 




Toepper's pond 


25 






30 




Graham, Norris's lake 


106 






50 




Worthincton Knox Lake 

Grand Saline, Malone Pond 


50 




20 




Grapeland, T vers Lake 


50 






30 


Fountain Inn, Durbin Creek Pond. . . 




30 




80 




Hamlin, Red Lake 


20 






75 




Honey Grove, Fin and Feather Club 




Tennessee: 


100 




50 


Texas: 




20 




75 






75 






75 






100 






75 






100 






10 


Koon Kreek Klub Lake 




100 


Hatch Pond 


20 




Hindman's pond 


20 




Sand Lake 


20 






50 




Warrenskjoid Lave Lake 

Kemp, Long Lake 


20 




100 






25 


Beckville, Parker's lake «... 




30 


Lampasas, Collins s pond 


20 






40 




Llano, Llano Lake 


315 






75 






75 






100 


Spring Creek Lake 




100 




20 






20 




Manchaca, Bear Creek 


50 


Center Point, Guadalupe River 




30 


Bonita Lake 


100 






100 






60 






150 






40 






30 




Mineral Wells, Kearby Tank 


25 






10 




Stovall Pond 


40 






30 




Mayfleld's pond 


20 


Corsicana, Corsicana Fish Association 
Pond 


15 




30 






100 
28 






Counter Switch, Country Club Lake 




30 




20 






200 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



83 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

CRAPPIE AND STRAWBERRY BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Texas— Continued. 

Palestine, ( artmell's lake 

East Side Park Pond 

Wallace Lakes 

Paris, Stannard's pond 

Willow Lake 

Petty, Fielding Lake 

Queen City, Prator's pond 

Rockdale, Clear Lake 

Rotan, Witlingham Pond 

Royston, Brooks's pond 

California Creek Lake 

Henry 's tank 

Stephens's tank 

Saginaw, Kane's pond 

San Angelo, Concho River, Middle and 

South Forks 

Dove Creek 

Kickapoo Creek 

Water Valley Country 

Club Lakes 

San Antonio, Lamm's tank 

Mitchell Lake 

San Marcos, Blue Hole Pond 

Saron, William Lake 

Sulphur Springs, Elberta Lake 

Picnic Lake 

Thomas Lake 

Taylor, Roberts's lake 

Temple, Lake Polk 

Terrell, Bass Lake 

County Club Lake 

Elm Pond 

Green Lake 

Grinnan Pond 

High Point Creek 

Martin Pond 

Muckleroy Pond 

Sargent Pond 

Timpson, Bussey 's pond 

McWilliams's pond 

Tye, Crawford Lakes 

Tyler, Clear Spring Lake 

DeLay 's lake 

Lake Park Lake 

Lakewood Country Club Lake . 
Murphy's pond 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



20 
30 
40 
20 
30 

100 
20 
50 

100 
30 
50 
50 

100 
35 

133 
60 
133 

74 
30 
100 
25 
30 
100 
50 
50 
20 
75 
20 
75 
50 
20 
20 
75 
30 
40 
20 
20 
20 
25 
50 
100 
100 
100 
30 



Disposition. 



Texas— Continued. 

Tyler, Pine Hill Lake 

Tyler Fin Club Lake 

Waco, Katy Club Lake 

Wills Point, Imperial Lake 

Virginia: 

Culpeper, Englands Mill Pond 

Dillwyn, Fitzgerald Pond 

Fredericksburg, Boscobel Pond 

Leesburg, Goose Creek 

Lynchburg, Murrell Pond 

Midlothian, Midlot hian Pond 

Natural Bridge, Cedar Creek 

Petersburg, Belschers Pond 

Hauslik Pond 

Spicer Pond 

Richmond, Crittenden Pond 

Darby town Pond 

Fulton Fishing Club Pond 
Selden's pond 

Rockfish, Rockfish Lake 

Scottsville, Chester Pond 

Soudan, Grass Creek 

Suffolk, Lake Savage 

Sweet Briar, Sweet Briar Lake 

Winterpock, Indian Spring Pond 

Zuni, Joyner's pond 

Richardson's pond 

West Virginia: 

Blueton, Holley's pond 

Philippi, Middle Fork River 

Salisbury, Salisbury's pond 

Wisconsin: 

Genoa, Mississippi River 

Independence, New City Pond 

Kewaskum, Beachwood Lake 

La Crosse, Mississippi River 

Millston, Polley Creek 

Mosmee, Half Moon Lake 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River... 

State Line, Pickerel Lake 

Victory, Mississippi River 

Wausau, Lake Wausau 

O'Day Lake 

Silver Creek Bay 

TotaU 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



30 

1(10 
100 
100 

200 
125 
500 
300 
100 
100 
400 
150 
325 
200 
200 
2(10 
200 
200 
200 
100 
200 

28 
200 
150 
200 
200 

150 
400 
200 

5,832 

250 
200 

49,086 
200 
350 

46,000 
200 
3,332 
400 
250 
400 



410,428 



ROCK BASS. 



Alabama: 

Fivepoints, Poplar Springs 

Arizona: 

Wilcox, McComb Ranch Pond. 
Arkansas: 

DeQueen, Gantlon's pond 

Gravette, Dow's pond 

Harrison, Estes's pond 

Helena, Mississippi River 

Mena, Irons Fork River 

Mountain Fork River... 

Ouachita River 

Prairie Creek 

Rock Creek 

Twomile Creek 

Pine Bluff, Trigg's pond 

Connecticut: 

New Haven, Hubinger's lake. . 
Georgia: 

Etowah, Hill's pond 

Ringgold, Tiger Creek 



Illinois: 
100 Belleville, Club Pond 

Carbondale, Thompson's lake 

100 Donnellson, Cherry Grove Pond 

Wilson's pond 

500 DuQuoin, Egyptian Pond 

250 McLeansboro, Gochring's pond 

400 Indiana: 

9. 915 Bloomfield, Richland Creek 

500 Boonville, Hemenwav's pond 

500 Carlisle, Wellington Pond 

500 Cory, Prairie Lake 

500 Woodland Lake 

500 Danville, Soper's pond 

500 E vansville, Clear Pond 

200 Stringtown Springs Pond 

Fairmont, Brookshire's pond 

500 Fort Branch, Symond's pond 

Greencastle, Lake Woodland 

100 Greentown, Ayres's pond 

300 Macy, Baker's' pond 

a Lost in transit, 9,049 fingerlings. 



100 
300 
100 
200 

100 
100 

550 
500 
150 
200 
200 
200 
150 
150 
100 
100 
200 
100 
100 



84 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details q? Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
ROCK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Indiana — Continued. 

Plainfield, Spright's pond 

Seymour, Bars Pond 

Easting's pond 

Summitville, McLain's pond 

Wawaka, Fountain View Pond 

Winchester, Gravel Pit Pond 

Iowa: 

Manchester, Maquoketa River 

Kansas: 

Chanute, Durey Pond 

Cherokee, Allen Pond 

Farlington, Mitchell's pond 

Leavenworth, Park Lake 

Marion, Bruno Creek 

East Creek 

French Creek 

Lyons Creek 

Medicine Lodge, Houchin's pond 

Kauffman 's pond 

Peabody, Calbeck's pond 

Kentucky: 

Beaver Creek, Hindman Pond 

May's pond 

Buechel, Blankenbeker's pond 

Campbellsville, Creel's pond 

Cropper, Turnpike Pond 

Dover, Jennings Pond 

Lebanon, McElroy's pond 

Lexington, Lake Callahan 

Louisville, Parkview Club Lake 

Schroerluecke's pond 

Paris, Brannon's pond 

Clarke's pond 

Clay Pond 

Edwards Pond 

Frazier Pond 

Grayson Pond 

Hedge Pond 

Jackson's pond 

Maher's pond 

Paynes Pond 

Purnell's pond 

Vimont's pond 

Watson Pond 

Wiggins Pond 

Shawhan, Estes's pond 

E wait's pond 

Winchester, Twomile Creek 

Louisiana: 

Arcadia, Boone's springs 

Grand Cane, Grand Cane Creek Pond. 

Homer, Gandy's pond 

Maryland: 

Ijamsville, Quynn's pond 

Monrovia, Cashour's pond 

Mountain Lock, Potomac River 

Thurmont, Hemler's pond 

Michigan: 

Ruth, Park Lake 

Minnesota: 
Rochester, Zumbro River, South 

Branch 

Mississippi: 

Guntown, Cochran's pond 

Pontotoc, Gardner's pond 

Highland Fish Co. Lake 

Patterson's pond 

Ripley, Keenin's pond 

Missouri: 

Butler, Lake Catherine 

Glasgow, Steinmetz Pond 

Holmes, Dunlap's lake 

Joplin, Wild Cat Spring 

Marshall, Stedem Pond 



Finger- 
lings, 
vear- 

l'ings, 

and 

adults. 



500 
200 
200 
100 
100 
100 



100 

. 150 

150 

200 
50 
50 
50 
50 
100 
100 
50 

125 
12.3 
200 
175 
100 
150 
175 
400 
200 
200 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
200 

100 
100 
100 

200 

200 

2,010 

230 

200 



200 

100 
125 
100 
125 

100 

5,000 
100 
100 
200 
100 



Disposition. 



Missouri — Continued. 

Merwin, Corbin's ponds 

Mount Vernon, Gillingham'spond 

Skinner's pond 

Tillotson's spring 

Truitts Creek 

Williams Creek 

Neosho, Twin Springs 

New Mexico: 

Ancho, Cooper's lake 

Carlsbad, Dark Canon Creek 

Deming, Knowles's pond 

Peterson's pond 

Ramsey's pond 

Texico, Crescent Pond 

Tularosa, Silver Lake 

Vermigo Park, Adams Lake 

New York: 

Dover Plains, Lake Ellis 

Great River, Timber Point Pond 

Middletown, Wallkill Creek 

New Windsor, Walker's lake 

North Carolina: 

Carthage, Hannon's pond 

Durham, Ellis's pond 

Fayetteville, Cross Creek 

Mollett Pond 

Hendersonville, Lily Pond 

Mebane, Lake Weda 

White Pond 

Salisbury, Josey 's pond 

Star, Ilursey Spring Pond 

Wake Forest, Walthonia Fish Club 

Pond 

Weidon, Gooch's pond 

Ohio: 

Bidwell, Jones's pond 

[Manchester, Reeves's pond 

Chardon, Charlotte Pond 

East Palestine, Freed's pond 

Fremont, Sandusky River 

, Ironton, Howell's pond 

Kansas, Feasel Quarry Pond 

Marion, Whetstone River 

Springfield, Little Miami River 

Summit, Summit Lake 

WickliiTe, Morris Reservoir 

Oklahoma: 

Chickasha, Harness Pond 

Crescent, Crescent Lake 

Osborn's pond 

Elgin, Glenn Pond 

Guthrie, Hawley's pond 

Highland Lake 

Red Lake 

Hillsdale, Coldwater Creek 

Lawton, Markeson's pond 

Marlow, Jorgeson Pond 

Newkirk, Lake Vanderpool 

Santa Fe Lake 

Okeene, Seigfreid's pond 

Perry, Clear Lake 

Watson's pond 

Willet's pond 

Ponca, Bell Lake 

South Coon Creek 

Purcell, Brewer's lake 

Tryon, Bermuda Lakes 

Wanette, Laughlin's pond 

Weatherford, Bear Creek Pond 

Pennsylvania: 

Birdsboro, Hay Creek 

Bushkill, Delaware River 

Indiana, Yellow Creek 

Marion, Back Creek 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OP FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
ROCK BASS— Continued. 



85 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Pennsylvania— Cont in ued . 


400 
600 
300 

200 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
200 
100 
100 
100 
100 
200 
200 

200 
200 
100 
100 
400 
400 
100 
100 
500 

100 
40 
75 
50 
50 
60 
40 

150 
50 

100 
100 
50 
50 
50 
75 
75 
50 
150 
75 
100 
100 


Texas — Continued. 


50 






100 




Swan Pond 


40 






100 


Barrington Center, Wood's pond 




50 




50 






200 






50 




LufMn, Melville Delta Pond 


100 






50 






100 




Mount Vernon, Gardner's pond 


50 




75 




Palestine, Spring Lake 

Park Springs, Plum Pond 


100 




30 




100 






25 






75 






150 


Chattanooga, Chickamauga Creek 




200 


Wolf City, Jones's pond 


50 




Utah: 






100 




Virginia: 






1.50 






300 






200 






200 






150 




Natural Bridge, Cedar Creek 


1,000 






100 






600 






600 




Totier Creek Pond 


600 






200 




Spout Springs, Webbs Pond 


150 






200 






250 


Trinity and Brazos Valley 


Walkers Station, Vaidens Mill Pond . . . 
Winchester, Back Creek 


600 
250 




Opequon River 


250 




Woods Cross Roads, Valley Front Pond . 
West Virginia: 
Bruceton Mills, Kellev's pond 


150 








450 






650 




Fort Gay, Sweet Lake Pond 


200 




Wellsburg, Cross Creek 


500 


Franklin, Cedar Creek, West Fork 


Wyoming: 
Sheridan, Cut Off Pond 


300 




Total a 








66,035 









WARMOUTH BAS&. 



Georgia: 
Chamblee, Jones's pond. 



40 



Maryland: 
Mountain Lock, Potomac River. 

Total 



a Lost in transit, 7,360 flngerlings. 



59395°— 11- 



86 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

SMALL-MOUTH BLACK BASS. 



Disposition. 



Arkansas: 

Newport, Gamble Lake 

Watson Lake 

Warren, Eagle Creek 

Saline River 

Connecticut: 

Wauregan, Moosup Pond 

Quinebaug River. . . 
Illinois: 

Anna, Fairground Lake 

Bloomington, Ileafer Lake 

Momence, Kankakee River 

Naperville,DuPage River, West 

Branch 

Wilmington, Kanakee River. . . 
Indiana: 

Angola, Bass Lake 

Big Center Lake 

Buck Lake 

Clear Lake 

Elston Lake 

Failing Lake 

Fox Lake 

Hog Lake 

Lake James 

Lake Jimmerson 

Little Silver Lake 

Marsh Lake 

Middle Center Lake 

Pigeon Lake 

Silver Lake 

Snow Lake 

Batesville, Little Laughery 

Creek 

Bedford, Quarry Pool 

Bloomfield, Richland Creek 

Columbia City, Round Lake 

Corydon, Big Indian Creek 

Fort Wayne, Cedar Creek 

Dunton Lake 

Lake James 

Maume" 1 . River 

St. Joseph River.. 
St. Marys River... 

Viberg Lake 

Georgetown, Big Indian Creek.. 

Goshen, Goshen Mill Pond 

Greencastle, Big Walnut River. 

Deer Creek 

Little Walnut 

River 

Indianapolis, Eagle Creek 

Fall Creek 

School Creek Pond 

White River 

Lagrange, Royer River 

Laporte, Pine Lake 

Monticello, Monon River 

Tippecanoe River... 

New Albany, Silver Creek 

Pendleton, Fall Creek 

Ray, Clear Lake 

Rome City, Sylvan Lake 

Shelbyvilie, Big Blue River 

Kentucky: 

Cadiz, Caney Creek 

Little River 

Muddy Fork Creek 

East View, Nolin River 

Franklin, Sharps Creek 

Winchester, Gofi's lake 

Maine: 

Fryeburg, Kezar Pond 

Winthrop, Lake Annabessacook 
Lake Maranocook . . . 
Maryland: 

Cropley, Potomac River 

Hagerstown, Potomac River 

Mountain Lock, Potomac River. 



Fry. 



1,500 
1,500 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1.000 



1,600 
1,500 
4,500 

4,000 
12,000 



Finger- 
lings. 



2,000 
2,000 
2,500 
2,500 



1,000 
150 
500 

200 

10, 000 



180 

500 

250 

300 

1,500 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

700 

1,000 

2,000 

300 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

2,540 

2,540 

300 

3,240 

225 

300 

345 

375 

300 

150 

300 

375 

2,000 

2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,500 
900 
1,500 



1,000 



Disposition. 



Maryland— Continued. 
Phoenix, Great Gunpowder 

River 

Pinesburg, Potomac River 

Turnpike, Red Run 

Massachusetts: 
Congamond, Congamond Pond . 

Halifax, Stetson Pond 

Kingston, Big Indian Pond 

Northampton, Highland House 

Lake. . ..• 

Onset Junction, Flax Pond 

Webster, Peter Pond 

Webster Lake 

Woods Hole, Watcha Pond 

Michigan: 

Alpena, Long Lake 

Au Sabie, Cedar Lake 

Burr Oak, Hog Creek Lake 

Clare, Bass Lake 

Geroux Lake 

Lake Dewey 

Lily Lake 

South Lake 

Stevenson Lake 

West Lake 

Clarion, Walloon Lake 

Clyde, Fish Lake 

Comius, Churchill Lake 

Dryden, Seven Ponds 

Youngs Lake 

East Tawas, Bass Lake 

Empire, Glen Lake 

Lake Florence 

Evart, Garvison Pond 

Fowler ville, School Lot Lake.. . 

Gaylord, Otsego Lake 

Gogebic, Gogebic Lake 

Harrisville, Cedar Lake 

Hubbard Lake 

Hart, Round Lake 

Silver Lake 

Hastings, Clear Lake 

Leach Lake 

Long Lake 

Middle Lake 

Pine Lake 

Hillman, Valentine Lake 

Hillsdale, Baw Bees Lake 

Holly, Dickson Lake 

Fish Lake 

Ironwood, Beatons Lake 

Langsford Lake 

North Lake 

Rowe Lake 

Triplett Lake 

Wolf Lake 

Kingsley, Hogsback Lake 

Munsey Lake 

Rennie Lake 

Spider Lake 

Lake George, Lake George 

Shingle Lake 

La Rocque, Lake May 

Lewiston, Twin Lake 

Lincoln, McNally Lake 

Trask Lake 

Lupton, Sage Lake 

Mears, Silver Lake 

Middleville, Thornapple River. . 

Millersburg, Barnhart Lake 

Montague, Big Blue Lake 

Muskegon, Big Black Creek 

Newaygo, Sylvan Lake 

Oden, Crooked Lake 

Omena, Dougherty Lake 

Orchard Lake, Cooley Lake 

Long Lake 

Orion, Lake Orion 



Fry. 



2,000 

12,000 

1,000 

750 
900 
900 

750 
900 



900 
6,000 



3,000 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
10, 000 
1,500 



1,500 
1, 500 
3,000 



3,000 
3,000 



3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
3,000 
1,500 
1,500 



2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
1,500 
1,500 
3,000 



3,000 
3,000 



3,000 
3,000 



5,000 



3.000 
3,000 
3,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 87 

Details op Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
SMALL-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Michigan— Continued . 

Pentecost, Sand Lake 

Pentwater, Pentwater Lake 


2,800 


400 
200 

400 

1,000 
400 
300 
300 
300 

200 
200 

100 
125 
125 

150 
100 

500 
40 
40 

200 

40 

34 
150 

400 
300 

300 

200 
150 
200 
150 

200 
400 

400 
600 

400 


Ohio — Continued. 
West Milton, Stillwater River. . 


1.500 


400 






Oklahoma: 






North Buckhorn 


1,500 
1,500 


200 




Pennsylvania: 






South Buckhorn 


68 








40 








40 




4.500 


Water Company 
Dam 






Topihabee, Mullet Lake 


40 










50 










40 






Harrisburg, Conedoguinet Creek 




70 


Witch Lake, Long Lake 




50 


New Hampshire: 


750 
1,500 

1,500 


Lebanon, Big Swatara Creek 




70 


Claremont, Rocky Bound Pond. 






45 


Peterboro, Cunningham Pond.. 






70 


Pit tsfield, Jenness Pond 






70 








70 




Little Swatara Creek 




70 


Branchville, Culver Lake 






70 


Lambertville, Lambertville 




MishMill Dam 




70 








70 


Sewell, Chestnut Branch 








45 


Sunset Lake 








70 


Sterling Forest, Greenwood 




Stover Lake 




70 


Lake 






70 


Sussex County, Lake Grinnell.. 








70 


New York: 




Lenape, Brandywine Creek 




68 








50 


Batavia, Godfrey Pond 








68 


Horsesboe Pond 








50 


Tonawanda Creek 




Pottstown, Manatawany Creek 
Scranton, Cobbs Pond 




50 


Binghamton, Susquehanna 






50 








50 


Broadalbin, Kennyette Creek. . 


5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
2,000 
5,000 
5,000 
5,000 
2,000 
2,000 






40 


Cambridge, Crystal Lake 






40 


Dead Pond 


Susque h a n n a 




40 


School House Pond. 






40 


Fort Edward , Glen Lake 






50 




Wheelerville, Elk Lake 




40 


Johnstown, Caroga Lake 


Rhode Island: 


1,500 
1,500 
1,400 






Tucker Pond 

White Pond 




Kingston, Mohonk Lake 

Mohonk Reservoir. . . 
Middletown, Wallkill Creek 




Tennessee: 


6,000 


Pelham, Hutchins Pond 








3,000 




5,000 
2,000 






7,000 


State Line, Queechy Lake 

Troy, Hudson River 


Vermont: 


0,000 
0,000 
4,000 
5,000 
0,000 
0,000 
5,000 

10,000 

4.000 














2,000 


























Mortimer, Johns River 




Lyndonville, Bean Pond 

Institute Pond. . . 

Miles Pond, Miles Pond 

North Troy, Upper Missisquoi 










Wilson Creek 






Ohio: 


1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
1,500 
3,000 
3.000 
3.000 
1,500 
3,000 


300 


' Black Lick Creek . . . 


Passumpsic, Passumpsic River. 
Poultney, Lake St. Catherine... 

Rutland, Lake Bomoseen 

West Danville, Joe's pond 

Wolcott, Wolcott Pond 

Virginia: 


750 
5,000 
10,000 
5.000 

5. 000 




Hayden Run 

Little Darby Creek. . 

Olentangy River 

Rocky Fork Creek . . 


350 








200 






3,000 
8,000 
9,000 

24,000 
12.000 
3.000 
1,000 
3.000 




Stillwater River 

Delphos, Auglaize River 

Gennantown, Big Twin Creek.. 


McGuires Ponds 

Drewrys Bluff, Falling Creek . . . 
Loudoun County, Potomac 




Newark ,Raccoon"Creek 




Millboro, Cow Pasture River. .. 






1,500 

















88 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
SMALL-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Virginia— Cont inued. 


6,000 
12,000 
1,000 

2,000 
3,000 
1,000 
2,000 


300 

100 
100 
100 
100 

1,200 


West Virginia— Continued. 




800 


Providence Forge, Mirror Lake. 






100 


Relee, Relee Lake 

Remington, Rappahannock 


Springfield, Potomac River, 


15,000 






Wisconsin: 




Richmond, Falling Creek Pond. 


300 


Rockflsh, Rockfish Pond 






300 








300 








300 










800 








400 










498 










300 










300 


West Virginia: 


45,000 






300 


Capon Springs, Great Cacapon 






500 






300 




Total » 








9,000 
24,000 


537,400 


109, 986 


Greenbrier River 







LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS. 



Alabama: 
Montgomery, Brick Yard Lake. 
Whetstone Lake.. 

Seale, Evans's pond 

Arizona: 

Flagstaff, Lake Mary 

Tucson, Cienga Creek 

Arkansas: 

Bearden, Crystal Lake 

Bentonville, Sugar Creek 

England, Clear Lake 

Fairfield, Atkins Lake 

Helena, Blue Hole 

Long Lake 

Mississippi River 

Hope, Moses's lake 

Sandy Bois d'Arc River. 

Lake Village, Lake Chicot 

Lancaster, Frog Bayou 

Little Rock, Asylum Pond 

Mammoth Spring, Strawberry 

Creek 

Warm Fork. 
Mena, Big Brushy Creek 

Big Fork Creek 

Carter Creek 

Clear Creek 

Cossatot River 

Dallas Creek 

Irons Fork River 

Jansen Lake 

Little Brushy Creek 

Little Missouri River 

Little Rock Creek 

Mountain Fork River 

Ouachita River 

Prairie Creek 

Two Mile Creek 

Paris, College Lake 

Rosboro, Caddo Pond 

Scott, Old River 

Thornton, Pine Lake 

Upland, Brazeal's pond 

Colorado: 

Boulder, Pitts' pond 

Denver, Holliday's lakes 

La Jara, Laguna Escondida 

La Junta, Holbrook Reservoir. . 

Lamar, King Lake 

Neegrando Lake 



1,000 
2,000 
2,000 

300 
300 

150 

500 

400 

350 

1,000 

1,800 

7,323 

100 

250 

1,150 

500 

100 

500 
300 
300 
350 
300 
350 
300 
300 
300 
300 
300 
350 
300 
300 
600 
300 
300 
500 
100 
540 
125 
30 

150 
150 
480 
1,000 
320 
320 



Colorado— Continued. 

Lamar, Neenoshe Lake 

Neeskah Lake 

Neesopah Lake 

Parrish's lake 

Thurston Lake 

Thurston Reservoir 

Littleton, Springer's pond 

Manzanola, Lewis' reservoir 

Pueblo, Squ;rrel Creek Reser- 
voir 

Rifle, Bear Ri ver '. 

Grand River 

Connecticut: 

Coscob, Pipestave Lake 

Danbury, Bradley's pond 

Weekapeeka Lake 

East Hampton, Pocotopaug 

Lake 

Goodspeeds, Bashan Lake 

Higganum, Higganum Reser- 
voir 

New Canaan, Lake Waccobuc. 
North Stonington, Wyassup 

.Lake 

Waterburv, White Oak Pond. 

Weathersfield, Goff Pond 

Delaware: 

Milton, Parkers Pond , 

Parker Run 

Tea'.! Mill Pond 

District of Columbia: 
Washington, Central Station 

Aquariuni 

Florida: 

Ehren, Muller's pond 

Lake Como, Lake Como 

Ocala, Fry Lake 

Orlando, Smith's lake 

Sanford, Lake Bertha 

Santos, Lake Madonna 

Sorrento, Lake Lucy 

Georgia: 

Douglas, Peterson's ponds. 

Greenville, Powers Hill Pond... 
Groveland, Cannochee River.. . 

Lake Park, Long Pond 

Ocean Pond 

Marietta, McKenzie's pond 

Mayfield, Cason's pond 



320 
320 
320 
320 
320 
320 
300 
450 

100 
350 
300 

250 
225 
300 

400 
390 

300 
200 

390 
260 
250 

300 
100 
200 



150 

500 
500 

2,000 
500 
500 
500 

1,000 

1,750 

1,500 

1,000 

1,000 

500 

500 

100 



a Lost in transit, 3,319 fingerlings. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 89 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
. LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Georgia — Continued. 
Millen, Buck Head Creek 




1,000 
1,000 
750 
250 
500 
500 
250 

250 

100 

1,200 
900 
250 
200 
550 
300 
250 
550 
500 
200 
800 
800 
300 
400 
300 
100 
300 
150 
175 

150 
150 
100 
350 
350 
300 
100 
100 
800 
900 
80 
300 
200 
500 
1,000 
1,000 
300 
450 
500 
1,200 
1,200 
200 
750 
100 
175 
150 
400 
150 
200 
300 
200 

1,000 
450 
400 
400 
800 
900 
100 
600 
900 
550 
450 
500 
300 
600 
500 


Indiana: 




400 
300 
250 
200 
250 
300 


Ogeechee River 








Oglethorpe, Buck Creek 








































Idaho: 




DeLong, Tippecanoe R iver 




700 


Nampa, Lake Lowell 






125 


Priest R i ver, Lees Pond 








300 


Illinois: 




Indianapolis, Eagle Creek 




100 


Antioch, Lake Marie 


Fall Creek 




200 










75 


Belleville, Biebel's pond 




White River 




200 


Fourmile Club Lakes . 








300 


Beech Ridge, Cache River 








100 


Brighton, Kelsey 's pond 








200 






Liberty, White Water River, 
East Fork 






Cairo, Cache River 




375 


Campus, Factory Pond 








400 


Carbondale, Cox's lake 








■*00 






Monticello, Big Metamonong 
Creek... 






Mine Pond 




300 


Spillers Lake 








300 


Thompsons Lake . . 








40 


Carter, Wellman's lake 








300 


Carterville, Brandon Pond 




Owensville, Stone's pond. 




100 


Carroll's pond 








100 


Carter Pond 








200 


Coleman Pond 








50 


Colp and Arnold 




Rockville, Little Raccoon Creek. 




435 


Lakes 






400 


Ferrell Pond 








800 


Hofer Lake 








200 


Zimmerman's lake . . 




Summitville, Roseboom's pond. 




200 


Chester, Crisler's pond 




400 


Fishing Club Lake 




Iowa: 
Bentley, Walnut Hill Pond 






Clay City, Doherty's pond 




125 


Crainville, Norton's pond 




Cedar Falls, Cedar River 




400 


Crystal Lake, Crystal Lake 




Hacketts Lake . 




400 






100 


Decatur, Club Lake 








600 






Charles City, Cedar River 




400 










800 


Walnut Grove Pond. 




Clarion, Elm Lake 




400 










400 










100 


Herrin, Cambon Pond 




Decorah, Upper Iowa River 




400 


Egyptian Pond 




DeW itt, Crystal Lake 




400 






Silver Creek 




200 






Edgewood, Funk's pond 




150 






Forest City, Imogene Lake 




150 


Kansas, Hallock's lake. 




Glenwood, Glenwood Park 










700 






Hampton, Reed Lake 




400 


Marion, Hart's pond 




Independence, Wapsipinicon 
River 










400 


Schwerdt's lake 




Lime Springs, Upper Iowa 










2,250 






Manchester, Maquoketa River. . 




7,100 






Marble Rock, Shell Rock River. 




400 


Murphysboro, Staeher Lake 




Maynard, Little Volga Creek.. 

North McGregor, Mississippi 

River 




300 


Naperville, Du Page River,' 




5,250 






Tuskeego, Robertson's pond 




100 


0' Fallon, Henrys Lake. 




Kansas: 










100 


Richmond, Lake Elizabeth 




Blue Rapids, Big and Little 
Blue River 










300 










100 


Shepherd, Sni E 'Carte River ! 


Caldwell, Fall Creek 




500 








100 




Cherryvale, City Lake 




3(H) 








125 








300 










125 










225 


Woodberry, Woodberry Lake.. 








100 



90 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Kansas — Continued. 
Kansas City, Idlewild Lake.. . . 
Kingman, Harris Springs Pond. 

Reed's pond 

Leavenworth, Fairgrounds Lake 

Marion, Catlin Creek 

Clear Creek 

Cottonwood River, 

South Fork 

Middle Creek 

Mud Creek 

Willow brook Pond 

Medicine Lodge, Chapin Ponds. 
Currie Lake . . . 

Read Lake 

Silver Springs 

Lake 

Melvern , Long Creek 

Peabody .Cotton Creek 

Country Club Lake... 

Crisfie'd Pond 

Doyle Creek 

Gray's pond 

Henry Creek 

Johnson's pond 

Rock Island Lake 

Spring Creek 

Townsend's pond 
Pittsburg, Sporting Club Ponds. 

St. Francis, Spring Creek 

Selden, Prairie Dog Creek 

Tyro, Brick Company's lake 

Waverly , Rock Creek 

Wilder, Woodson's pond 

Yates Center, Waterworks Res- 
ervoir 

Kentucky: 

Anchorage, Cox Lake 

Pryor'spond 

Augusta, Licking River, North 

Fork 

Bonnieville, Riggs's pond 

Campbellsburg, Little Ken- 
tucky. River 

Ekron, Horse Lot Pond 

Woods Pond 

Yellow Lake 

Elizabethtown, Cedar Creek 

Nolin River 

Rauboldt Pond. 
Valley Creek. . . 
Youngers Creek 

Eminence, Thome's pond 

Glasgow, Beard Pond 

Boyds Creek 

Fallen Timber Creek . . 

Peters Creek 

Richardson Pond 

Skeggs Creek 

South Fork Creek 

Glendale, Nolin Creek 

Hodgensville, Nolin Creek 

La Grange, Highland Lake 

Lebanon, Big Pond 

Cheyels Creek 

Indian Creek 

Peeps Creek 

Rolling Fork Creek. . . 
Rolling Fork Creek, 

North Branch 

Rolling Fork Creek, 

South Branch 

Louisville, Green's pond 

Lake Lansdowne . . . 
Parkview Club Lake 
South Park Lake 
Wagner's pond... 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



100 
200 
100 
150 
250 
250 

250 
250 
250 
100 
125 
125 
250 

250 
250 
100 
250 
250 
350 
250 
250 
100 
250 
350 
250 
125 
75 
325 
150 
200 
100 

250 

150 
75 

80 
75 

200 
100 
100 
100 
80 
80 
40 



75 

75 

200 

200 

150 

100 

200 

75 

150 

80 

150 

75 

75 

75 

150 

150 



L50 

80 
195 

80 
160 

80 



Disposition. 



Kentucky — Continued. 

Stephensburg, Blue Lake 

Stephe n s b u rg 

Lake 

Williamsburg, Jellico Creek 

Louisiana: 

Athens, Dullon Pond 

Benton, Sunny side Pond 

Bogalusa, Bogalusa Pond 

Bowie, Hill Pond 

Broussard , Hazard Pond 

Clinton, Gallent's pond 

Edgerly, Chesson's pond 

Jeanerette, Albania Pond 

Lake Charles, Brickyard Pond . 
Laurel Hill, Rose Mound Lake . 

Lillie, Pin Oak Pond 

Martha ville, Huff's pond 

Rustin, Lyles's pond 

Maine: 
Boothbay Harbor, Pine Lake... 

Redfleld, Parker Pond 

Maryland: 
A bell's Wharf, Forbes Pond . . . 
Alesia, Big Gunpowder River. . 

Gunpowder Falls 

Baltimore, Severn River 

Brunswick, Potomac River 

Cumberland, Potomac River. . . 

Wills Creek 

Easton, Peach Blossom Creek. . 
Freeland, Rook Dale Ponds . . . 

Gwynnbrook, Gwynn Brook 

Hagerstown, Antietam Creek. . . 
Conococh eague 

Creek 

Potomac River 

Hampstead, Patapsco River, 

North Branch 

Hoods Mill, Patapsco River. . . . 

Lambson, Sassafras River 

Massey , Swan Branch 

Mountain Lock, Potomac River. 

Phoenix, Gunpowder River 

Riverdale, Anacostia River 

Rocky Ridge ; Monoeacy River . 

Salisbury, Wicomico River 

Taney town, Goulden's pond 

Woodstock, Patapsco River 

Massachusetts: 
East Dedham, Mather Brook 

Pond 

Fall River, Laurel Lake 

Falmouth, Morse Pond 

Greenfield , Deerfield River 

Wareham, Big Sandy Pond 

Little Sandy Pond.. 
West. Gloucester, Haskell's pond 
Michigan: 

Alpena, Grand Lake 

Crystal Falls, Fortune. Lake 

Lake Mary 

Mud Lake 

Edwardsburg, Morn Creek 

Greenville. Flat River 

TufkLake 

Hanover, Crispell Lake 

Farewell Lake 

Fox Lake 

Hart, Juniper Pond 

Ironwood, Long Lake 

Mosquito Lake 

North Lake 

Pomeroy Lake 

Round Lake 

Silver Lake 

Sutherland Lake 



Fry. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 91 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Michigan— Continued. 

Iron wood, Tamarack Lake 

Taylor Lake., 

Ishpeming, Silver Lake 

Kingsley, Hogsback Lake 

Rennie Lake 

Oakley, Shiawassee River 

Oden, Crooked Lake 

Schoolcraft, Weed Lake 

Sylvania, Katherine Lake 

West Bear Lake 

Turtle, African Lake 

Clover Leaf Lake 

Eel Lake 

Emiline Lake 

Gay lord Lake 

Hawk Lake 

Honey Moon Lake 

Independence Lake 

Line Lake 

Mint Lake 

Moose Lake 

Orms Lake 

Rowes Lake 

Toe Lake 

Minnesota: 

Alexandria, Darling Lake 

Lake Agnes 

Lake Carlos 

L'Hommedieu 

Lake 

Brownsville, Mississippi River. . 

Duluth, White Lake 

Kelsey, Lake Rauppe 

Mankato, Lake Washington 

Minneapolis, Burnett's lake 

Pengilly, Swan Lake 

Preston, Root River 

Root River, Middle 

Branch 

Rochester, Zumbro River, Mid- 
dle Branch 

Zumbro River, 

South Branch 

St. Paul, State Fish Commis- 
sion 

South Haven, Augusta Lake. . . 

Betsy Lake 

Lake Caroline 

Stewartsville, Lake Florence.... 

Root River 

Mississippi: 

Aberdeen, Dead Lake 

McN iece Lake 

Medor Lake 

Tombigbee River... 

Ackerman, Willow Pond 

Agricultural College, McKell's 

pond 

Bexley, LeatherberryMil! Pond 

Mill Pond 

Biloxi, Howell Pond 

Lorenzo Pond 

Brandon, Raymond Pond 

Canton, Factory Pond 

McBride Pond 

Round Lake 

Columbus, Lake Katherine 

Corinth, Bridge Creek 

Cane Creek 

Chambers Creek 

Clear Creek 

Clear Lake 

Conway Lake 

Coon Creek Pond 

Deny berry Lake 

Elams Creek . 

Griffins Pond 

Gum Pond 



Finger- 
lings. 



400 
400 
400 
375 
375 
200 
700 
IT.". 
200 
200 
400 
200 
200 
200 
200 
400 
400 
400 
400 
200 
400 
400 
400 
200 

200 
150 
700 

300 
1.000 
400 
450 
400 
300 
900 
600 

600 

200 



,250 
400 
400 
400 
500 
600 

25 
300 
600 

•275 
200 

100 
75 



75 
100 
100 
100 
100 
300 
200 
300 
300 
200 
150 
200 
200 
100 
150 
150 
200 



Disposition. 



Mississippi — Continued. 

Corinth, Lambert's lake 

Long Pond 

MarlowsMill Pond 

Parmitchie Creek 

Romine and Ward 

Pond 

Santa Fe Lake 

Seven Mile Creek 

Tuscumbia River 

Utley Mill Pond 

Waukomis Lake 

Wilson's pond 

Dancy, Barefoot 's pond 

McCarter's pond 

Smith 's pond 

Walker's pond 

White's pond 

Wilson's pond 

Durant, Smith's pond 

Friars Point, Moon Lake 

Houlka, Reed's pond 

Houston, Busby's pond 

Knox Pond 

Howells Switch, Rankin Pond. 

Jackson, Curry's pond 

Farish Pond 

Lewis's pond 

Lynch's pond 

Morrison's pond 

Richmond Lake 

Spring Lake 

Tapley 's pond 

Lee County, King Creek 

McCool, Fancher's pond 

Lily Pond 

Sweet Gum Lake 

McDonald, Maj lire's pond 

Ogletree's pond 

Smith's pond 

Maben, Butler's pond 

Macon, Eiland Pond 

Howards Lake 

Madison Station, Glenarchen 

Pond 

Man tee, Lofton's pond 

Moseley Pond 

Taylor's pond 

Meridian, College Lakes 

Pleasant Springs 

Queen City Club 

Pond 

New Albany, Conner's pond... 
New Houlka, Chuquaton c h e e 

Creek 

DeLashmet Lake 

Houlka Creek 

Reed Pond 

Okolona, Elliott Pond 

Mill Pond 

Okolona Lake 

Red Bud Creek 

Sansom 's lakes 

Osborn, Montgomery's pond. . . 

Oak Grove Pond 

Pearson, Sweetwater Lake 

Philadelphia, Wilson's pond. . . 

Pickayune, Tate's lake 

Ripley, Morgan's pond 

Sallis," Temple's pond 

Sessums, Ash Creek Pond 

Gay's pond 

Rush's pond 

Wlld'spond 

Shuqualak, Belle Pond 

Dugan Pond 

Hamilton's pond . . 

Jenkins' pond 

Woodlawn Pond . . 



Fry. 



92 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Mississippi— Continued . 




200 
100 
100 
100 
100 
150 
100 
100 
100 
200 
100 
250 

35 
100 
300 
150 

25 
150 
300 
150 
150 

200 
300 
400 

100 
400 
200 
200 
400 
300 
300 
150 
225 
100 
150 

200 
100 
475 
400 
100 

140 
300 
150 
200 
200 
300 
200 
200 
200 
500 
100 
80 
150 
100 
100 
100 
40 
40 
40 
300 
200 
200 
200 
300 
150 

200 

200 

200 

200 


Nevada: 




250 


Johnson's pond 








250 






New Jersey: 










300 


Richey's pond 








400 










600 


Washington's pond . 








300 


Strongs, Cox Branch 








500 










400 


Tofulla Creek 








200 


Sturgis, Hutchinson Pond 




Lambertville, Lower Reservoir. 
Mullica Hill, Mullica Hill Pond. 




250 








400 


Toomsuba, Live Oak Lake 






200 


Tupelo, Mill Pond 




Ogdensburg, Hawthorne Lake. 




400 








400 










100 


Union, Johnson's pond 








:;:>() 






Pompton Lakesj Pompton Lakes 
Princeton Junction, Carnegie 




800 


Tibbee Lake 






Tipton's pond 




500 


Yazoo Citv Gedar Grove Pond. 
Missouri: 




Rahway, Water Company's 




500 








250 


Aurora. Flat Creek 








600 


Bolivar, Pomme de Terre River. 








300 


Brandsville, Lake of the Four 
Cantons 




South Vineland, Buckshietem 
Mill Pond 




400 










200 










250 


Clever, Bailey's lake 




Westwood, Musquapsink Lake. 
New Mexico: 




400 










Clinton, Clinton Lake 




250 


Cole Camp, Cole Camp Creek. . 








500 






Rocky Arroyo Creek. 




150 


Creve Coeur, Creve Cceur Lake. . 




254 


Dedwick, Livingston's pond 








150 


Deepwater, Dickey Lake 








300 


Fredericktown, St. Francis 








150 








280 


Grand View, Spring Lake 








100 


Higginsville, Railroad Pond 








320 


Kansas City, Fairmount Lake. . 








320 






Wagon Mound, Santa Clara 






Knoblick, Little St. Francis 




195 




New York: 






Langdon, Langdon Lake 




400 










400 


Mexico, Railroad Lake 








400 


Water Works Reservoir 








400 


Mount Vernon, Truitt Creek 






400 


Neosho, Crescent Pond 








400 


Nevada, Railroad Reservoir 








150 


Noel, Perry's ponds 








400 


Pleasant Hill, Leonards Lake... 








100 


Richards, Richardson's pond . . . 








200 


Rolla, Big Beaver Creek 








400 


Big Dry Fork Creek 








100 


Little Beaver Creek 








400 


Little Dry Fork Creek. . . 









300 


L,ove Creek 






300 


McBride Spring Branch. 








200 


Waltz Spring Branch 






200 


Rosedale, Lewis's pond 






200 


Springfield, Doling Lake 








200 


Swope Station, Lagoon Lake. . . 








200 


Wooded Lake.. 








200 


Thayer, Warm Fork Creek 








200 


Wayne, Woodruff Springs 




White Lake 




200 


Wavnesville, Gasconade River. 




Narrowsburg, Half Moon Lake. 




400 


West Plains, Woolworth's 


Nunda, Genesee River 




400 


bavou 


Raquette Lake, Blue Mountain 






White River, 




400 


North Fork 






400 


Willow Springs, Willow Springs 








400 


Reservoir 






500 


Nebraska: 




Bullett Pond 




500 




Paradox Lake 




500 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



93 



Disposition. 



New York — Continued. 

Riverside. Schroon Lake 

Roscoe, Florence Lake 

Thurman, Echo Lake 

Ticonderoga, Eagle Lake 

Waklen, Wallkill River 

Wallkill, Schawangunk River.. 

Warwick, Wickham Lake 

Williamstown, Panther Lake... 
North Carolina: 
Charlotte, Catawba River, 

North Fork 

Franklin, Cartoogaja Creek 

Cullasagee Creek 

Tennessee River 

North Dakota: 

Ambrose, Skjermo Lake 

Annamoose, Round Lake 

Berlin, Cottonwood Creek 

Cottonwood Pond 

Bottineau, Lake Dana 

Lake Mc Arthur 

Burnstad , Beaver Lake 

Buttzville, Buttz'spond 

Cathay, Rocky Run Lake 

Cayuga, Anderson's lake 

Crystal Springs, Crystal Springs 

Lake 

Dawson, Lake Isabel 

Devils Lake, Devils Lake 

Elliott, Lake Elliott 

Glen Ullin, Antelope Creek 

Burns Pond 

Granville, Buffalo Lodge Lake.. 

G winner, Alice ton Lake 

Denning's lake 

Johnson's pond 

Harvey, Sheyenne Lake 

Jamestown, James River 

Kenmare, Des Lacs Lake 

Thompson Lake 

Lisbon, Bale's pond 

Sheyenne River. . , 

Milnor, Storm Lake 

Nicholson, Jackson Hill Pond... 

Nome, Carlson's pond 

Pingree, James Lake 

Pipestem River 

Ray, Beaver Creek 

St. John, Cameron's lake 

Jarvis Lake 

Strium, Medd'spond 

Ohio: 

Alexandria, Raccoon Creek 

Aurora Station. Harmon Pond. . 

Bradford, Greenville Creek 

Celina, Mercer County Reservoir 

Cleveland, Swimming Pond 

Cloverdale, Myers's pond 

Covington, Factory Pond 

Greenville Falls 

Dam 

Mohlers Eddy 

Stillwater River 

Defiance, Auglaize River 

Maumee River 

Findley, Auglaize River 

Fremont, Sandusky River 

Georgetown, Sunny Side Lake.. 

Hebron, Buckeye Lake 

K^nt, Twin Lakes 

West Twins Lake 

Lisbon, Furnace Run 

Furnace Run Reservoir 

Nelsonville, Hocking River 

Newark, Buckeye Lake 

Newcomerstown, Tuscarawas 

River 

New Paris, White River, East 
Fork 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



500 
400 
400 
400 
300 
400 
400 
400 



96 
405 
405 
300 

300 
400 
400 
100 
300 
300 
400 
300 
300 
100 

500 
400 

3,500 
200 
100 
100 
600 
200 
100 
100 
400 
10,500 
300 
300 
200 
600 
600 
150 
100 
400 

1,100 
150 
300 
300 
100 

50 
100 
575 
500 
100 
100 
175 

250 
300 
500 
150 
150 
150 
400 
50 
775 
300 
300 
100 
100 
200 
425 

250 

125 



Disposition. 



Ohio— Continued . 
Newton Falls, Mahoning River. 

Nova, Railroad Reservoir 

Paulding, Maumee River 

Portsmouth, Millbrook Park 

Lake 

Rarden, Scioto Brush Creek 

Ravenna, Lake Brady 

Ripley, Gardner's pond 

Rock Creek, Grand River 

St. Marys, Mercer County Res- 
ervoir 

Salem, Crumrine Dam 

Springfield, Buck Creek 

Warren, Youngs Run 

Wauseon, Miller and Becker 

Pond 

Woodsfield, Woodsfleld Dam... 
Youngstown, Lake Cohassett.. . 
Lake Katrine 
Mahoning River.. 
Oklahoma: 

Ada, Boggy Lake 

City Lake 

Lawrence Lake 

Radka Creek 

Ames, Garden Lake 

Jones's lake 

Apache, Cache Creek 

Chandler Creek 

Gassoway 's lake 

Mission Creek 

Newcomb Pond 

Sturman's pond 

Ta-La Creek 

Toney Creek 

Ardmore, Ardmore Club Lake. . 

Caddo Creek 

Club Lake 

Twin Lake 

Atoka, City Reservoir 

Barron Fork, Owl Lake 

Bernardi, Bogardus Pond 

Blanchard, Bridge Creek 

Spring Lake 

Bliss, Lake 101 

Ranch Lake 

Broken Arrow, Prairie Lake 

Calumet, Mac Lake 

Carney, Carney Lake 

Chattanooga, SunnysideLake. . 

Checotah, Spring Lake 

Chickasha, Lanier Pond 

Chilocco, Chilocco Lagoon 

Crescent, Kelly's pond 

Devol, Suter's pond 

Duncan, Bumpass 's lake 

Norvell's pond 

Elk City, Chambers's lake 

Lake Coleman 

El Reno, Club Lake 

Enid, Clear Lake 

Gross's pond 

Spring Lake 

Eufaula, Lake Buford 

Faxon, Cuddy Lake 

Fort Sill, Medicine Bluff Creek. . 

Frederick, Ater Lake 

Glencoe, Lake Louisa 

North Side Pond 

Granton, Alfalfa Pond 

Prairie Pond 

Willow Pond 

Guthrie, Ellison Lake 

Johnson 's pond 

Martin Lake 

Reddington Lake 

Twin Lakes 

Walker Lake 

Hallett, Mirror Lake 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



250 
200 
500 

500 
225 
300 
75 
125 

600 
125 
125 
150 

295 
200 
125 
50 
175 

250 
325 
175 
250 
100 
100 
300 
400 
250 
300 
100 
100 
250 
300 
250 
200 
175 
100 
300 
300 
100 
150 
150 
150 
100 
100 
125 
100 
100 
140 
150 
100 
100 
125 
100 
125 
100 
200 
200 
2.50 
250 
250 
140 
100 
250 
125 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
250 
250 
250 
250 
250 
250 
200 



94 DISTRIBUTION OF PISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details. of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS-Continued. 



Disposition. 



Oklahoma— Continued. 

Haskell, Oputtuna Pond 

Willows Pond 

Hennessey, Jarvis's pond. 

Hobart, Elk Lake 

Hydro, Deer Creek 

Jet, Saline Valley Pond '.'.' 

Kelsey, Illinois River 

Lawton, Medicine Creek 

McAlester, Cole's lake. . 
Madill, McMillan Lake 

Marietta, Bills Creek 

Coehron Creek 

Corcoran Creek 

George William Creek 

Haynes's lake 

Hickory Creek 

Kirkpatrick Lake 

Marietta Club Lake.. 

Oil Creek 

Rock Creek 

Shegan Creek 

Simon Lake 

Marlow, Adkins Pond 

Boone Pond .... 

Cooper's pond 

Findley's pond 

Marlow Park Lake 

Marlow Pond 

Martin's pond 

Murray's pond 

Oquin'slake 

Sand Hill Pond ." 

Shaws Pond 

Waldbridge Lake'.! '. '. ." 
Mill Creek, Mill Creek.. I 

Muskogee, Country Club Lake 
Newkirk, Santa Fe Lake 
Ninnekah, Nelson Lake. 

Noble, Clear Brook 

Wadley'spond... 

Norman, Sunnybrook Lake 
Ochelata, Water Works Reser- 
voir 

Okeene, Schallmo Pond 

Oklahoma City, Belle Isle Lake! 

Club Lake 

Colcord's lake 

Elm Lake 

Hogan'spond.. 
Kingkade's 

lake 

Lakeview Lake 
Shepherd's 

lake 

- _ Spring Creek... 

Osage, Osage Lake. 
Pawhuska, Clear Creek 
Pawnee, Walenciak's lake 
Perkins, Jennings Pond 

Perry, Beers's lake 

Bostick's pond .... 

Brown's pond 

Casey's pond .... 

City Lake 

Hansen's pond. 

Hansing's lake 

Keaton'spond. . . 

McCune's pond 

Moore's pond 

Tucker's pond 

Ponca, Cottonwood Lake 

Evans Lake 

Rockbound Lake 

Turkey Creek 

Willow Pond 
Pond Creek, Fairview Lake . 
Guernsey's lake. 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



100 

300 

100 

1.50 

250 

100 

300 

650 

150 

125 

125 

250 

175 

125 

125 

250 

125 

200 

200 

150 

125 

150 

100 

100 

100 

150 

150 

150 

125 

150 

150 

200 

100 

125 

300 

300 

250 

125 

125 

100 

150 

200 
100 
300 
200 
250 
125 
200 



250 
300 

375 

125 

150 

350 

100 

100 

200 

200 

200 

200 

500 

200 

100 

200 

250 

175 

125 

200 

2Q0 

200 

325 

150 

250 

250 



Disposition. 



Oklahoma— Continued. 
Poteau, Long Lake 

Purcell, Club Lake 

Ripley, Crain's pond 

Sallisaw, Sallisaw River 
Sentinel, Big Elk River 

Stillwater, Carpenter's lake 

McKinnon's pond 

Stroud, Loch Kathrine 

Sulphur, Lowrance Lake 
Tahlequah, Wolfe Lake 
Terral, Rock Island Lake 
Tishomingo, Big Sandy River.. 

City Lake 

Foley Lake 

Little SandyRiver 
Trousdale, Liwix's lake 
Tuttle, Davis's pond 
Vinita, Electric Park Lake 

Hall's lake 

Walter, Johnson's pond . 
Watonga, Cunningham's 'lake 
Waukomis, McClennahan's 

pond 

Woodward, Reiliy's springs. . 
Yukon, Maixner's pond . 
Pennsylvania: 

Path, Spring Reservoir 

Big Bend, Conewago Creek .. 

Fleuent Pond. . 
Birdsboro, Hay Creek. 
Brillharts, Cadorus Creek, South 

Branch , 

Bushkill, Deer Lake. ...'..'..'.." 

Forest Lake ... 

Lake Taminent.. 
Mud Pond.... 
Chester Springs, Pickering 

Creek 

Collegeville, Willow Hurst bain 

Connellsville, Indian Creek 

Danville, Susquehanna River. . 
Susquehanna River,' 
North Branch.. 

Denver, Cocalico Creek 

East Berlin, Conewago Creek 

Factoryville, Lake Carey " 

Lake Kewanna. . 

Lake Manataka. . 

*alls Station, Susquehanna 

River 

Fort Washington,' San'dyRun " 

Gettysburg, Marsh Creek 

_ , , . Rock Creek 

Goldsboro, Susquehanna River 
Graftesford, Perkiomen Creek 
Greenville, Shenango River. 

Hanover, Conewago Creek 

Little Conewago Creek 
Hatboro, Little Neshaminy 

Dam J 

Hickory, Allegheny River 

Huntingdon, Raystown Branch 
Indiana, Twolick Creek 
Kimberton, French Creek 
Lancaster, Conestoga River 
Mount Morris, Dunkard Creek 
New Oxford, Little Conewago 

Creek 

Newtown, Neshaminy'Creek 

Oaks, Perkiomen Creek 

Skippaek Creek...!." 
Oxford, Octoraro Creek, East 

Branch. . 
Palm, Gehard Dam".'.' .' ." .' ." .' ." .' .' ." \ 

Hosensack Creek 

Perkiomen Creek 
Phillipsburg, Lehigh River 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



300 
300 
100 
300 
350 
100 
100 
125 
200 
100 
100 
200 
100 
200 
250 
100 
100 
100 
100 
300 
100 

100 
100 
100 

100 
300 
300 
350 

420 
300 
300 
300 
300 

308 
100 
80 
175 

150 
250 
350 
300 
300 
300 

350 
200 
250 
250 
280 
300 
300 
300 
200 

200 
350 
180 
150 
300 
300 
1,000 

250 
GOO 
200 
200 

500 
" 100 
100 
100 
200 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 95 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Pennsylvania — Continued . 

Pittsburg, Griffin Reservoir 

Wildwood Reservoir. 

Pocono, Naomi Lake 

Pocono Lake 

Port Royal, Tuscarora Creek. . . 
Pottstown, Manatawny Creek. . 

Rahns, Perkiomen Creek 

Reading, Angelica Creek 

Jordan Creek 

Maiden Creek 

Schuylkill River 

Stony Creek 

Tulpehocken Creek . . . 
Schwenksville, Perkiomen 

Creek 

Susquehanna, Susquehanna 

River 

Telford, Perkiomen Creek, 

Northeast Branch 

Temple, Ontelaunie Creek 

Troy, Cross Roads Creek 

North Branch 

Trunkeyville, Alleghany River. 

Tunkhannock, Lake Carey 

Union City, Lake Pleasant 

Warren, Jackson Creek 

Weissport, Poho Poco Creek 

West Chester, Park's pond 

Wrightsville, Cabin Creek 

Fishing Creek 

Krentz Creek 

Susquehanna 

River 

York, Beaver Creek 

Big Conewago Creek 

Codorus Creek, South 

Fork 

Codorus Creek, West 

Fork 

Fishing Creek 

Fox Creek 

Keesey Dam 

Kreutz Creek 

Kreutz Pond 

Little Badarns Creek 

Little Conewago Creek. . . 

Susquehanna River 

York Haven, Big Conewago 

Creek 

Conewago Creek. . . 
Susquehanna 

River 

Zieglersville, Perkiomen Creek. . 
Rhode Island: 
Kingston, Hundred Acre Pond. 

Westerly, Park Lake 

South Carolina: 

Aiken, Branch Pond 

Shaws Creek 

Anderson, Branch Water Pond . 

Brown Pond 

Silver Lake 

Angelus, Middleton's pond 

Belton, Saluda River 

Bethune, Estridge's pond 

Mill Branch Pond . . . 

Mill Creek Pond 

Blacksburg, Broad River 

Blaney, Black Lake 

Borden, Pollard Mill Pond 

Bowling Green, Crowders Creek 

Crowders Creek 

South Fork.. 

Calhoun, Twenty-three Mile 

Creek : 

Camden, Savage's pond 

Chester, Sandy River 

Clinton, Enoree River 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



180 
270 
300 
350 
180 
150 
300 
200 
200 
250 
350 
200 
1,000 

300 



200 
300 
250 
300 
300 
800 
350 
300 
250 
200 
140 
200 
200 

300 
140 
560 



280 
140 
280 
140 
140 
140 
280 
140 
280 

280 
560 

280 
300 

520 
390 

75 

500 

48 

48 

48 

500 

96 

500 

500 

500 

1,000 

1,000 

70 

500 

1,000 

2,000 

25 

48 

500 



Disposition. 



South Carolina— Continued. 

Clover, Allison Creek 

Beaver Dam Creek 

Bigger'spond 

Catawba Creek 

Catawba River 

Crowders Creek 

Crowders Mill Pond 

Lower Beaver Dam 

Creek 

Mill Creek 

Upper Beaver Dam 

Creek 

Columbia, Cedar Creek 

Congaree Creek 

Cotton Mills Reser- 
voir 

Dents Pond 

Gin Pond 

Poplar Branch Pond. 

Rodgers Spring 

Croft, Bridge Pond 

Darlington, Charles Mill Pond. . 

Easley, Silver Pond 

Eastover, Colonels Creek 

Edgefield, Beaverdam Creek 

Edmund, Thresher Pond 

Eureka, Seiglers Mill Pond 

Everett, Hilliard Pond 

Old Mill Pond 

Fort Lawn, Abernathy's pond. 

Catawba River 

Crawfords Pond 

Fishing Creek 

Gilbert, Hamburg Branch 

Great Falls, Catawba River 

Catawba River 

Pond 

Rocky Creek 

Southern Power 

Co.'s pond 

Greenville, Saluda Lake 

Greenwood, Bag Creek 

Curl Tail Creek 

Pond 

Cutler Branch 

Pond 

Davis's pond 

Garys Pond 

Harrison Creek 

Johns Creek 

Little Curl Tail 

Creek 

Rays Pond 

Wardlaws Pond . . 

Hartsville, Ox Pen Branch 

Hickory Grove, Bullock Creek. 
Honea Path, Broad Mouth 

Creek 

Little Creek 

Little River 

Mattison Mill 

Pond 

Saluda River 

Turkey Creek 

nopkins, Chappelle Creek 

Mill Creek 

Tub Mill Creek 

Inman, Ray's pond 

Lamar, Harrell Mill Pond 

Lancaster, Mosier's pond 

Langley, Power House Pond . . 

Laurens, Reedy River 

Leesville, Lightwood Creek 

Pond 

Lightwood Pond 

Lexington, Gable's pond 

Marietta, Middle Saluda River 
North Saluda River. 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



1,000 
1,000 
500 
1,000 
2,000 
4,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
36 
36 



96 
48 
36 

36 

500 

500 

1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

500 

500 

500 

500 

500 

1,500 

500 

1,000 

48 

1,000 

2,000 
1,000 

1,000 

4,000 

75 

120 

'75 
75 
25 
75 
75 

135 

75 

1,000 

500 
1,000 

150 
75 
75 

75 

75 

75 

1,000 

1,500 

1,000 

500 

500 

500 

150 



75 

500 

500 

1,500 

2,500 



96 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



South Carolina — Continued. 
Marietta, South Saluda River. . . 

Montmorenei, Runtz Creek 

Mullins, Buck Swamp 

North Augusta, Walkers Mill 

Pond 

Oakvale, Oakvale Lake 

Orangeburg, Spring Lakes 

Pageland, Black Pond 

Little's pond 

Spring Pond 

Thompson's pond 

Patrick, Big Juniper Creek 

Pelion, Black Creek 

Beaver Pond 

Pickens, Saluda River, South 

Fork 

Twelvemile River 

Ridge Springs, Flatrock Creek.. 
Gunter'spond.. 

Rock Hill, Catawba River 

Little Allison Creek. 
St. Matthews, Milwood Pond... 

Zeigler's pond 

Santuck, Broad River 

Seivern, Indian Branch 

Sharon, Bullock Creek 

Silverstreet, Beaverdam Creek. . 
Springfield, Goodland Creek 

Pond 

Steadman, Barr Pond 

Gantt'spond 

Sumter, Cains Mill Pond 

Pocalla Springs Pond. . 

Trenton, Bottis's pond 

Chevis Creek Pond 

Pace Run 

Shaws Pond 

Walkers Pond 

Troy, Clinkscales's pond 

Cane Creek 

Cuffy Town Creek 

Dowtin's pond 

Hardlabor River 

Leard's pond 

Long Cane Creek 

Talbert's ponds 

Young's pond 

Union, Buffalo Reservoir 

Yorkville, Brown's pond 

Catawba River 

Clarks Fork Pond . . . 

Inman's pond 

Langdon Branch 

Pond 

Turkey Creek Pond. . 

Woodruff, Chumley 's pond 

South Dakota: 

Astoria, Oak Lake 

Bonesteel, Flurams Lake 

Canton, Big Sioux River 

Carthage, Lake Magnuson 

Clark, Antelope Lake 

Round Lake 

Dell Rapids, Big Sioux River . . 

Forestburg, Watch Lake 

Kimball, Pleasant Lake 

Lane, Flowing Wells Lake 

Lennox, Lake Thorsen 

Madison, Lake Herman 

Lake Madison 

Marion, Center Lake 

Silver Lake 

Vermillion River, West 

Branch 

Midland, Stafford's pond 

Oakton, Stangl's pond 

Parker, Dorow's pond 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



,000 

75 

,000 

150 
25 

,000 
500 
500 
500 
500 

,000 
500 
500 

,500 
,000 
500 
500 
,000 
48 
500 
75 
500 
500 



150 

500 

500 

150 

500 

500 

500 

,000 

,000 

500 

25 

,000 

.000 

25 

,000 

25 

,000 

50 

500 

48 

,000 

,000 

,000 

500 

,000 
,000 
500 

300 
250 
800 
175 
300 
300 
400 
125 
300 
175 
300 
500 
600 
300 
300 

300 
125 
200 
100 



Disposit on. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


South Dakota— Continued. 




125 






150 






300 






300 






400 






300 






300 






150 






300 






150 






300 






300 






200 






125 






125 






400 


Tennessee: 




150 






150 


Chatanooga, Chickamauga 
Creek, East 




200 


Chickamauga 
Creek, North 




200 






200 






200 






200 


Cleveland, Candas Creek 

Greater Wildwood 


2,400 


200 




800 
2,400 




Wildwood Lake 


200 




800 




Coal Creek, Coal Creek 


200 




1 , GOO 




Conasauga, Jack River 


150 


Curryhee, Little River, East 
Fork 


2,065 
2,055 
2,055 




Knoxville,;Little Pigeon River, 

East Fork 

Pigeon River, East 
Fork 






200 






150 


Memphis, Toney Pool 




105 


Newcomb, Elk Fork Creek 




200 


Oakdale, Emory River 




300 






150 


Townsend, Little River 

Texas: 


3,425 


100 






100 






100 






100 


Amarillo, Paladora Pond 




900 






400 


Annona, Hill's pond 




200 






500 


Arp, Hughes's pond 




200 


Athens, Shelton Mill Pond 




400 


Austin, Barton Creek 




500 


Avoca, Martin's pond 




200 






100 


Bellevue, Ford Lake 




400 






150 


Bettie, Sewell's pond 




100 


Bland Lake, Bland's pond 




800 






150 


Boerne, Cibolo Pcnd 




150 


Bowie, Black Pond 




200 






100 






200 






400 






300 






950 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



97 



Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Texas — Continued . 
Brookesmith, Buena Vista Lake 
Brownsville, Horseshoe Resaca 

Lake 

Resaca de la Guerra 

Lake 

Brownwood, Allison's pond 

Camp's pond 

Collins 's pond 

McGaugh Pond . . . 

Snyder's pond 

Bryan, Nail's lake 

Buckholtz, Helmcamp Pond... 
Calallen, Casa Morado Reservoir 
Calvert, Calvert Country Club 

Lake 

Canyon City, Canyon Lake 

Paladora Creek. . 
Pritchard's pond 
Terra BlancoCreek 

Carlos, Lake Carlos 

Caro, Lower Saner Pond 

Celina, English Lake 

Moore's lake 

Smith's lake 

Stelzer's pool 

Center, Wood Lake 

Center Point, Medina River. . . 

Childress, Lake Keeler 

Lake Scott ". 

Clarendon, Allan Creek 

Clarksville, Clarksville Country 

Club Lake 

Cleburne, Cleburne Country Club 

Lake 

Willow Pond 

Clifton, Christenson's lake. . . 

Reeder'spond 

Clyde, Deadman Pond 

Colmesneil, Lively 's lake 

Colorado, McCreless's lake. . . 

Plasted'spond 

Spring Creek Pond. 
White Elephant Lake 

Cooledge,Cottonwood Lake 

Long Branch Lake 

McReynolds's reservoir 

Valley Lake 

Corsicana, Burks Lake 

Morse's lake 

Woodley Pond 

Cotulla, Chapman Lake 

Poteet Lake 

Crowell, Burress's pond 

Campbell's pond 

Railroad Pond 

Cuero. Hickory Lake ; 

Cushing, Becton Lake 

Dale, Eppright Pond 

Dalhart, Rita Blanca Lake 

Dallas, Bachman Pond 

Coombs Creek 

Tenison Lake 

Decatur, Halsell Lake 

DeKalb, Hathcocks's pond 

Del Rio, Devils River 

Denison, Lake Denison 

Denton, Country Club Lake 

Detroit, Clarksville Club Lake. . 

Detroit Club Lake 

Sample's pond 

L ' Hanis, Clay Hill Pond 

Doucette, Pope's pond 

Stewart's lake 

Eagle Pass, Rosita Creek 

Eastland, Kinnebrew Pool 

Edgewood, Davis Pond 

Elgin, Christian Lake 

Egleston Lake 



Finger- 
lings. 



1,000 

1.000 
200 
150 
200 
200 

1,000 

150 

25 

160 

500 
600 
725 
600 
725 
800 
150 
329 
300 
350 
125 
300 
1,500 
1,150 
500 
300 

500 

200 
100 
112 
112 
150 
150 
200 
600 
300 
300 
100 
200 
50 
201 

1,000 
200 
500 
400 
400 
300 
150 
400 

1,500 
50 
200 
200 
375 
775 
300 
100 
300 
500 
800 
300 
400 
150 
100 
300 
400 
200 

1,000 
300 
150 
150 
134 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Texas— Continued. 

Elgin, Keeble's lake 

Elkhart, Elkhart Lake 

Pate's pond 

Encinal, Johnson Lake 

Fluvanna, Little Bull Pond 

Fort Worth, Concrete Pond . . . 
Davie Burns Lake 

Happy Lake 

Hush Lake 

Lake View 

Lake Wandry 

Tandy's lake 

Franklin, Ca vitt's pond 

Frisco, Stewarts Creek Lake... 
Gainesville, Gainesville Club 

Lake 

Garrison, Brickyard Reservoir. 
Fishing Club Lake . . 

Giddings, Braesel's pond 

Carmean's pond 

Dunk's pond 

Gily Lake 

Mitschkes Pond 

Namkin's pond 

Quarry Lake 

Raube's pond 

Schautscnick's pond 

Schkades Pond 

SumfT'spond 

Unger's pond 

Wilson's pond 

Glad water, Phillips Spring Lake 

Goldthwaite, Cain's pond 

Gordon, Lake Creek 

Goree, Goode's lake 

Granbury, Lake Add-Ran 

Roberson Creek 

Grand Saline, Dunn Mill Pond. 
Grandview, Country Club Lake. 

Sturges's pond 

Grapeland, Hodge's lakes 

Keen Crystal Pond. 

Grapevine, Willey Lake 

Yancy Lake 

Greenbrier, Beckham Pond 

Butler Pond 

Country t lub Lake. 

Indian Creek 

Leek Creek 

Mud Creek 

South Side Lake 

Hamlin, Country Club Lake 

Harry Wynn Pond 

Harlingen, Dil worth Lake 

Harlingen Lake 

Harrold, Ayers's pond 

Haskell, Bevers's lake 

Hico, Fairview Lake 

Gilmore Creek 

Higgins, First Creek 

Poor Farm Lake 

High Island, Smith's lake 

Hillsboro, Park Lake 

Hubbard, Jones's lake 

Leftwich Lake 

Jacksboro, Spring Pond 

Sunny Brook Lake.. 

Joaquin, Garrett's pond 

Kaufman, Clark Lake 

Pyle'slake 

Sapp'spool 

Taylor's pond 

Willow Springs 

Kemp, Berry Lake 

Moorehead Lake 

Porters Bluff Lake 

Kingsville, Christenson's reser- 
voir 



Finger- 
lings. 



100 

2,000 

50 

500 

300 

32 

50 

300 

213 

300 

213 

200 

200 

500 

000 
100 
500 
100 
200 
200 
50 
100 
100 
150 
200 
100 
150 
100 
150 
100 
150 
200 

1,000 
300 
200 
185 
100 

1,200 
150 
600 
500 
150 
200 
400 
400 
400 
400 
400 
400 
500 
800 
200 
500 
500 
360 
300 
150 
200 
300 
150 

1,000 
400 
100 
200 
100 
100 
150 
200 
816 
200 
634 
200 
300 
300 
400 

100 



98 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Texas— Continued. 

Kyle, Uoforth Pond 

Ladonia, Burton's pond 

Elliott's pond 

Water Works Pond. . . 

LaGrange, Crownover Lake 

LaMarque, Irrigation Reservoir. 

Laredo, Bulls Eye Lake 

Davis's pond 

Moritas Lake 

Perren's pond 

Lillian, Ball's pond 

Lillian Lake 

Lindale, Roberts's pond 

Llano Grande, Llano Grande 

Lake 

Llano, Llano River 

Shumake's pond 

Longview, Harris's lake 

Melton's lake 

Taylor's pond 

Lovelady, Patterson Lake 

Lyford, Bamboo Lake 

McGregor, Leon River 

South Bosque Creek. 

Mabank, Caruthers's pond 

Cockerell 's pond 

Grubb's pond 

Hebel's pond 

McCoy's pond 

Pepper's pond 

Robertson's pond 

Wind Mill Pond 

> Madison, Donaho's pond 

I Mahl, Pleasant Hill Lake 

Watkins's pond 

Malakoff, Bartlett's pond 

Brickyard Pond 

Flagg'slake 

i Manchaca, Labenski Creek 

Onion Creek 

Marfa, Barker's pond 

i Marshall, Fern Lake 

McClaran's lake 

i Maxwell, Schawe Lake 

[ Memphis, Brice's lake 

Cottonwood Creek. . . 

Jones Creek 

Noel's lake 

Parker Creek 

Salt Creek 

Spring Creek 

. Spring Lake 

I Mercedes, Davis Lake 

Meridan, Johnson's lake 

i Merkel, Martin's lake 

Miller's lake 

Valley Farm Lake 

Miles, Lipan Creek 

Milford, Katy Pond 

Mineola, Conger Pond 

Lake Park Pond 

Willow Pond 

Mingus, Nine Lake 

Thurber Lake 

Mount Calm, Herring Lake 

Mount Pleasant, Lake Dellwood 

Mount Selman, Phialpha Lake. 

Mount Vernon, Devall's pond. . 

Holbrook Lake. 

Nacogdoches, Fern Lake 

Stone Lake 

Navasota, Shell Lake 

Yarboro Lake 

New Braunfels, Comal Creek. . . 
Guadalupe 

River 

Rebecca Creek. 
North Zulch, Railroad Reser- 
voir 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



150 
300 
300 
300 
1,500 
1,500 
500 
300 
500 
400 
150 
150 
150 

1,000 

5,000 

50 

400 

200 

300 

1,000 
100 
500 
400 
200 
54 
150 
200 
200 
200 
250 
200 
50 
75 
50 
100 
200 
400 
400 
500 
100 
500 
250 

1,000 
100 
500 
400 
100 
500 
900 
500 
100 

1,000 
200 
050 
400 
300 
410 
300 
28 
100 
150 
300 

1,000 
100 
150 
250 
150 
150 

1,000 
800 

1,000 

1,000 
600 

300 

1,000 

600 



Disposition. 



Texas— Continued . 

Oakwoods, Glaze Lake 

Palestine, Huff Lake 

Spring Park Lakes., 
Panhandle, West Dippon Creek 

Paris, Bankhead Lake 

Gordon Country Club 

Lake 

Oak Grove Lake 

Silver Lake 

Pecos, Edward's pond 

Pawkett's pond 

Penelope, Sealy Pond 

Pilot Point, Lake Feeley 

Pittsburg, Adair Pond 

City Lake 

Davis Club Lake 

Ferudale Lake 

Flag Pond 

Flannagan Pond 

Hargrove Pond 

Holt Pond 

Hopkins's lake 

Knights Mill Pond.. 

Lilly Pond 

Music Pond 

PilkLake 

Reves Lake 

Reynolds Lake 

Star Lake 

Tittle Lake 

Willow Lake 

Piano, City Reservoir 

Queen City, Griffin's pond 

Randolph, Randolph Pool 

Ranger, Water Works Lake 

Ravenna, Eubanks's pond 

Seals'spond 

Ricardo, Bertelson's reservoir.. 

Ringgold, Woolsey's pond 

Rockdale, Clear Lake 

Rogers, Rogers Lake 

Rosebud, Ocker's pond 

Williams Creek 

Rotan, Cave Pond 

Royston, Lake View 

Saginaw, Canes Pond 

Salesville, Herring's lake 

San Angelo, Bismark Lake. 

Concho River 

Cunningham Lake 

Door key Lake 

Gardners Lake 

Mires Lake 

North Concho 

River 

Pecan Creek 

Seines Lake 

Spring Creek 

Twin Mountains 

Lake 

San Antonio, Anderson Club 

Pond 

Billy Lake 

Guinn's lake 

Lake Toft 

Sanger, Duck Creek 

Hughes's pond 

Sarber, Sarber Lake 

Schulenburg, Running Spring . . 

Seguin, Duck Lake 

Sherman, O'Hanlon's pond 

Stamford, Boulevard Pond 

Park Pond 

Swenson Pond 

Tank Lake 

University Park Lake 
Wedington Pond . . . 
Sulphur Springs, Booker's pond 
Byrd'spond. 



Fry. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution" of Fish axd Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



99 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Finger- 
lings. 



Texas— Continued . 

Sulphur Springs, Higdon Pond. 

Pound Lake. . 

Reiley Lake.. 

Thompson 

Pond 

Woodland 

Lake 

Taylor, Taylor Lake 

Temple, Lake Polk 

Terrell, Arnolds Lake 

Cooper Lake 

Country Club Lake 

Garrett's pond 

Gordon Lake 

Griffith League Lake. . 

Landos Lake 

Martin's lake 

Oleander Lake 

Sand Branch Lake 

Walton Lake 

White Rock Lake 



Timpson, Green's lake.. 

Wedgeworth's lake . 

Troup, Gourley Lake 

Waco, Holloway Lake 

Oak Lake 

Turner's lake 

Waller, Ellis Pond 

Walnut Springs, Smitham's lake 
Waxahachie, Bell Branch Lake 

Bullard's lake 

Davis's lake 

Katy Fishing Club 

Lake 

Spalding Lake... 

West End Lake.. 

Weatherford, Briten Branch... 

Hammond Lake 

Webbs, La Zeta Pond 

Weinert, Edwards Lake 

Lake Creek Tank 

West, McClellan Lake 

Wetmore, Classen's pond 

■ Wichita Falls, Woodall's pond 
Wills Point, Mc Kinney Lake. 

Winsboro, Harris's pond 

Wortham, Hardy Gin Lake. . 

Yoakum, Mergenthal Pond. . . 

Shampaign'slake. . . 

Zulch, Zulch Lake 

Utah: 
Centerville, Perkins' pond — 

Ogden, Brigham Pond 

Virginia: 

Alleghany, Dunlap Creek 

Ashland, Ashland Park Pond. 

King Pond 

Atlee .Cross Creek Pond 

Blackstone, Webb's pond 

Bristol, Columbian Paper Co.'s 

reservoir 

• Broad Run, Broad Run 

Brookneal, Falling Creek 

Buffalo Junction, Aarons Creek. 
HitesPond... 
Pools Pond. .. 
Watkins Mill 

Pond 

Callaghan, Dunlop Creek 

Potts Creek 

Chatham, Crystal Lake 

Hedrick's pond 

Church Road, Burnt Quarter 

Pond 

Claremont, Snyder's pond 

Clarksville, Grassy Creek 

Island Creek 

Lewis's lake 



3,000 



1,000 



1,000 
1,000 




10 

10 
20 

20 

150 
150 
300 
100 
200 
900 
100 
500 
100 
400 
100 
100 
100 
100 
150 
100 
300 
200 
300 
300 
100 
400 
50 
800 
200 
200 

500 
475 
485 

50 
2,300 
400 
150 
750 
400 

50 
300 
100 

20 
150 
100 
200 
150 

100 
200 

300 
75 
75 

100 

150 

200 
75 
250 



250 
250 

250 
400 
400 



200 



2.000 
1,000 
2,000 



1,000 



2,000 



1,000 



Virginia— Continued. 
Clarkton, Staunton River Lake 
Cobham, Cobham Park Fond. . . 

Cohoke,- Cohoke Club Pond 

Cologne, Bland's pond 

Craigsville, Campbell Pond 

Culpeper, Smith Run Pond 

Danville, Dan River 

Drakes Branch, Twitty Creek. . 
Drewryville, Drewry Mill Pond 

Pope's pond 

East Lexington, North River 

Pond 

Elmont, Chickahominy Mill 

Pond 

Evington, Haden Branch 

Fanuville, Boiling's pond 

Richardson's pond.. 

Fishers Hill, Shenandoah River 

Fredericksburg, Corenty Pond . 

Rappahannock 

River 

Gordonsville, Atkinson's pond. 

Harrisonburg, Dry River 

Linville Cree k 

Lake 

North River 

Hollins, Carvins Creek 

Hot Springs, Jackson River ... 

Hunters, Little Hunting Creek 

Heswick, Christan's pond 

La Crosse, Meherrin River | 3, 000 

Lawrenceville, Great Creek 

Meherrin River. 

Rose Creek 

Lawyers, Leech's pond 

Leesburg, Goose Creek 

Potomac River 

Limeton, Shenandoah River, 

South Branch 

Louisa, Kent Mill Pond 

Lynchburg,Odd Fellows Home 

Lake 

Martinsville, Smith River 

Moselev Junction, Oak Hill Pond 

Mt. Jackson, Mill Creek 

Shenandoah River 

Shenandoah River. 

North Branch.. 

Smith Creek 

Natural Bridge, Buffalo Creek. 

Nelson, Aarons Creek 

New Castle, Craig Creek 

Johns Creek 

Newport News, Jordan's lake. . 

Norfolk, Lake Modoc 

North River, North River 

Nottaway, Robertson's pond. . 
Oak Ridge, Oak Ridge Pond. . . 

Occoquan, Metzger's pond 

Occoquan River — 

Wells Pond 

Overall, Shenandoah River . . 
Oyster Point, Oyster Point 

Pond 

Youngs Mill Pond 
Pamplin City, Bakers Mill Pond 
Calhoun Pond.. 
R o s s e r s Mill 

Pond 

Penola, Mataponi Pond 

Petersburg, Brandon Pond 

Cains Mill Pond. . . 

Daniels Pond 

Kutchan Pond 

Lake Ferndale Park 
West End Park 

Lake 

Rapidan, Taliaferro Lake 



Finger- 
lings. 



500 
100 
75 
75 
75 
350 



3,000 



5,000 



350 
250 
250 

200 

75 
200 
250 
200 
200 

40 

80 
300 
100 

100 
100 



400 
150 
75 



300 
300 
250 



50 
200 



300 
100 



100 
100 
100 

100 
100 
250 
125 
250 
250 
125 
200 
100 
125 
500 
40 
80 
40 
300 

200 
200 
250 
250 

250 
so 
200 
200 
75 
75 
75 

150 
150 



100 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Virginia— Continued . 
Richmond, Broad Lock Pond. . 

Bryan Pond 

Dead Creek Pond . . . 

Falling Creek 

Plat Rock Pond.... 
Fulton Club Pond. . 

Garlick Pond 

Lakeside Pond 

Licking Creek Pond 
MacGregor Hall 

Pond 

Newman Pond 

Powhite Pond 

Providence Forge 

Pond 

Reservoir Lake 

Spring Pond 

Rockfish, Hardwick Lake 

Plain view Pond 

Shawen's pond 

Rocky Mound, Furnace Creek . . 

Big River 

Roxbury, Etna Mill Pond 

Rural Retreat, Scott's pond 

Salem, Roanoke River 

Saxe, Charlotte Pond 

6hipman, Oak Ridge Pond 

Soudan, Grass Creek 

South Boston, Butram Creek . . . 

Dan River 

Strasburg, Shenandoah River. . . 
Shenandoah River, 

West Fork 

Stuart, Mayo River 

Swords Creek, Clinch River 

Sycamore, Hunt Mill Pond 

Tappahannock, Mornington 

Lake ! 

Timber Ridge, North River 

Urbanna, Jackson Mill Pond 

Victoria, Abilene Reservoir 

Victoria Reservoir 

Village, Smithers Mill Pond 

Virginia Beach, Lake Christine.. 

Wadesville, Opequan Creek 

Wakefield, Brittle's pond 

Walkerl'ord, James River 

Walkers Station, Vaidens Mill 

Pond 

Warren, Ballinger Creek 

Waterlick , Shenandoah River. . . 

Weems, Carter Creek 

Winchester, Back Creek 

Hogue Creek 

Woodstock, Shenandoah River, 

North Branch 

Wytheville, Reed Creek 

Washington: 

Anacortes, Lake Campbell 

Paso Lake 

Medical Lake, Clear Lake 

Silver Lake 

Montesano, Lake Neuwatzel 

Newport, Casey Lake 

Tacoma, Madrbna Lake 

West Virginia: 

Belva, Peters Creek 

Bretz, Deckers Creek 

Caddell, Cheat River 

Capon Springs, Great Caeapon 

River 

Chapmansville, Guyandotte 

River 

Charleston, Elk River 

Elm Grove, Big Wheeling 

Creek 

Fairmont, Monongahela River. . 
Tygarts Valley River 



Fry. 



1,000 
2,000 



3,000 



2.000 
2,000 



3,000 



Finger- 
lings. 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,500 
1,000 
1,500 
1,000 
100 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
100 
100 
75 
100 
100 



Disposition. 



200 
250 
2,000 
200 
225 
100 



200 

300 

75 

75 
350 
200 
250 

200 
250 
200 



100 
300 
200 
100 
400 

400 
100 
75 
200 
200 
200 

100 
350 

400 
300 
400 
400 
300 
250 
200 

150 
4,000 
4,000 

900 

240 
200 

400 
400 
400 



West Virginia— Continued. 
Felton, Tygarts Valley River... 

Gtonalum, Tug River 

Grafton, Tygarts Valley River. . 
Harpers Ferry, Potomac River. . 
Little Falls, Monongahela River 

Morgantown, Deckers Creek 

Monongahela 

River 

Orleans Road, Potomac River. . 
Paw Paw, Great Caeapon River. 

Philippi, Middle Fork River 

Tygarts Valley River.. 

'Ripley, Mill Creek 

Romriey, Potomac River, South 

Branch 

St. Albans, Coal River 

Springfield, Potomac River, 

South Branch 

Star City, Donkard Creek 

Sutton, Elk River 

Weston, Monongahela River, 

West Fork 

Woodland, Fish Creek 

Wisconsin: 

Albany , Sugar River 

Butternut, Butternut Lake 

Cable, Cable Lake 

Henry Lake 

Cisco, Palmer Lake 

Cumberland, Beaver Dam Lake. 

Durand, Bear Lake 

Plummer Lake 

Thompson Lake 

Elcho, Bass Lake 

Enterprise Lake 

Otter Lake 

Elkhart, Crystal Lake 

Elm wood, Eau Galle Mill Pond. 

Elroy, Mill Pond 

Fairchild, Ean Claire River, 

North Fork 

Fox Lake, Fox Lake 

Genoa, Mississippi River 

Gordon, Bass Lake 

Blue Gill Lake 

Hartford, Pike Lake 

Hatfield, Lake Arbutus 

Haugen, Bear Lake 

Devils Lake 

Hawkins, Shamrock Lake 

Hayward, Grindstone Lake 

Lake Court O'Reilles. 

Tripp's lake 

Whitefish Lake 

Hillsboro, Baraboo River, South 

Fork 

Hurley , Island Lake 

Independence, Bugle Lake 

Trempealeau 

River 

La Crosse, Mississippi River 

Lake Beulah, Lake Beulah 

Lake Geneva, Lake Como 

Lavalle, Duren 

Little Baraboo Pond... 

Long Lake, Fay Lake 

Long Lake 

Lublin, Lublin Lake 

Medford, Lake Esadore 

Lake Murat 

Lake Perkins 

Powell Lake 

Richter Lake 

Sacket Lake 

Twin Lakes 

Mellon, Beaver Lake 

Carrot Lake 

Herbert Lake 



Fry. 



101 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs— Continued. 
- LARGE-MOUTH BLACK BASS— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Finger- 
lings. 


Wisconsin— Continued. 




400 
400 
200 
400 
500 
300 
400 
400 
400 
200 
250 
600 
800 
500 

4,250 
400 

250 


Wisconsin— Continued. 




450 










800 






Perch Lake 




300 










200 










400 






Tomah, Water Mill Pond 




300 






Tomahawk Lake, Little New- 










250 










400 










Kii) 










500 






Baraboo River, North 
Branch 










500 






Wyoming: 






Prairie du Chien, Mississippi 




125 


Shoshoni, Big Horn River 




400 






Total a 






Sheboygan Falls, Sheboygan 




50,600 


665, 868 













a Lost in transit, 25,135 flngerlings. 
SUNFISH (BREAM). 



Disposition. 



Alabama: 

Gordo, Hannah's pond 

Haley ville, Haley ville Pond 

Hodges, Strifel's pond 

Kennedy, Savage's pond 

Reform, Harper's pond 

Sulligent, Maddox's pond 

Tuscumbia, Tuscumbia Spring 

Vance, Lawrence's pond 

Arkansas: 

Greenwood, Saling's pond 

Harrison, Bates's pond 

Helena, Mississippi River 

Hope, Brandon's pond 

. Johnson's pond 

Little Rock, Asylum Pond 

Mammoth Springs, Mammoth Springs 

Marshall, Horton's pond 

Nashville, Mine Creek : . 

Reese's pond 

Whelen, Edmond's pond 

Connecticut: 

Leonard Bridge, Hop River 

Seymour, Beecher's pond 

Florida: 

Ehren, Floral Lake 

Tampa, Saddle Bag Lake 

Georgia: 

Adel, Beaver Dam Bay 

Saddlebag Pond 

Americus, Mountain Creek Pond 

Ashburn, Clear Pond 

Fitzgerald's pond 

Atlanta, Moccasin Lake 

Blue Ridge, Carter's pond 

Chamblee, Jones's pond 

Charing, Branch Pond 

Clarkesville, Edward's pond 

Hazel Creek 

Clayton, Justus's pond 

Collins, Jarriel's pond 

Wilson's pond 

Wrenn's pond 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



100 
125 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
125 

150 
150 
83,665 
100 
100 
100 
200 
150 
250 
100 
100 

600 
300 

100 
100 

50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
110 
120 
25 
50 
100 
150 
125 
50 
50 
50 



Disposition. 



Georgia — Continued . 

Cuthbert, Nochaway Creek 

Wade's pond 

Ellavi le, Murray's pond 

Ellabelle, Tony Branch 

Flint, Stegall's lake 

Forsythe, Bessie Tift Lake 

Jackson's pond 

Garfield, Oglesby 's pond 

Glennville, De Loach's pond 

Lewis's pond 

Graymont, Cowert's pond 

Wetherford's pond 

Halcyondale, Simmons's pond 

Junction City, Carlisle's pond 

Moore's pond 

Leesburg, Kinchatoonee Creek 

Macon, Biarly Lodge Pond 

Recreation Club Lake 

Manchester, Manchester Pond 

Marshallville, Grisolm Spring Pond 
Outing Club Pond... 

Rumple's pond 

Mayfield, Long's pond 

Mil'len, Buckhead Creek 

Ogeechee River 

Munnerlyn, Rosemary Creek 

Rupert, Bodiford's pond 

Scarboro, Ogeechee River 

Smithville, Kinchatoonee Creek 

Muckalee Creek 

Stillmore, Cannochee Pond 

Stinson, Lake Benson 

Summit, Bowie's pond 

Brown's pond 

Cowart's pond 

Spring Branch Pond 

Turner's pond 

Sylvester, Pope's pond 

Talbotton, Maxwell's pond 

Parker's pond 

Silver Lake 

Wilson's pond 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



100 

50 

100 

200 

400 

50 

50 

100 

50 

50 

100 

100 

50 

50 

50 

100 

150 

ldb 

100 

100 

100 

100 

200 

200 

100 

100 

50 

100 

100 

100 

100 

225 

100 

100 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 



59395°— 11- 



-10 



102 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
SUNFISH (BREAM)— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Georgia— Continued. 
Tennille, Boatright's pond 


100 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 

200 
100 
100 

100 
100 
100 
300 
100 
100 
300 
100 
100 
200 
400 
200 
350 
100 
100 
100 
800 

200 

100 

1,100 

4,500 

73,250 

100 

200 

100 
100 
100 
100 
150 
400 
300 
400 
150 

300 
100 
100 
100 
200 

1.50 

400 

250 

5,000 

300 
300 

17, 300 
500 

100 
100 
100 
100 
150 
150 
150 
125 
300 


Mississi ppi — Continued . 


100 


The Rock, Stafford's pond 


Rilla Pond... 


100 


Tifton, Purdy 's pond 




100 


Ty Ty , Parks's pond 




100 






100 






100 


Illinois: 




100 


Belleville, Gauss's lake 


Gandsi, Spring Pond 


100 


Uheins's lake.. 




100 






100 


Indiana: 


Hickory, White Oak Pond 


100 






100 






100 


Bristol, Newman's pond 




100 




Laurel, Park Lake 


150 


Chrisney, Oak Hill Pond 




100 






100 






100 






150 






150 






125 






100 






100 






100 






200 






350 




New Albany, Stroud's pond 


100 




Nicholson, Gentry's pond 


100 






200 






100 






100 






100 


Lime Springs, Upper Iowa River 

North McGregor, Mississippi River 




100 




150 




150 






100 






100 


Kentucky: 




100 


Summit, Hillside Pond 


200 




Willow Pond 


150 


Eminence, Bovne's pond 

He'lbum's pond 




100 


Tishomingo, Holley's lake 


150 


Tupelo, Hill's pond 


200 


Grays, Lynn Camp Pond 


Van Vleet, Arnett Place Pond 


250 


Hickory Grove Pond 


100 


Saxton, Beech's pond 


100 




100 






100 






100 


Homer, Gladney 's pond 


Wilkins Mill Pond 


100 
400 






400 




Trout Lake 


100 




Whittaker, Whittaker's pond 


150 






100 




Missouri: 






400 






200 






200 




Nebraska: 

Cheney, Variety Grove Farm Pond 

Nevada: 




West Pond 


100 


Minnesota: 


150 




New Mexico: 




Mississippi: 
Blue Mountain, Simmons' pond 


150 


Elida, Mesa Lake 


100 


North Carolina: 




Brookhaven, Applewhite's pond 


75 


Sand Hill Branch Pond 


300 




150 






225 






150 






450 


Columbus, Fig Pond 


Franklinton, Dickerson Mill Pond 


75 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 103 

Details op Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
SUNFISH (BREAM)— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lilies, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

auults. 


North Carolina— Continued. 
Franklinton Green Hill Pond 


75 

75 

75 

150 

75 

225 

150 

300 

75 

150 

225 

75 

600 

300 

150 

75 

75 

75 

150 

175 

75 

75 

75 

225 

225 

210 

100 

75 

150 

150 

75 

225 

75 

150 

300 

75 

75 

150 

150 

75 

175 

125 

150 

75 

75 

100 

100 

100 

150 

300 

100 

225 

75 

75 

75 

1,000 
300 
70 
300 
300 
300 
300 
300 

100 
100 
GOO 
100 
400 
100 
100 
100 
100 


Oklahoma: 


300 






200 


Whiteside Pond 




100 


Williams's ponds 




300 






100 




Salt Creek Ponds 


125 






100 






100 


Glen Alpine, Silver Creek Pond 

Gold Hill, Second Creek 




100 




100 


Graham, Graham Country Club Pond.. 
Guilford College, Ash Pond 


Stuart, Coal Creek 


100 




100 




Pennsylvania: 






300 






1,250 




Hanover, Little Conewago Creek 

Huntingdon, Raystown Branch 


150 




200 




300 




New Bethlehem, Lea therwood Creek... 


500 




200 






200 






300 




Tulpehocken Creek 


300 




Shoemakersviile, Dreibelbis Creek 

Moyer Creek 


200 




200 




Temple, Ahren's pond 


200 


Morgantown, McDowell's pond 




200 




300 


Mill Pond 


Windber, Ice Company Pond 


200 






100 




South Carolina: 






150 




Johnson's pond 


100 




Shaw's pond 


100 




Thorpe's pond 


100 




Belton, Williams's pond 


100 


Rockingham, Dog Branch Pond 

Ronda, Bugaboo Pond 

Little Elkin Pond 




100 




75 


Blaney, Crystal Lake 


100 


Rutherfordton, Broad River Pond 


Borden, Pollard Mill Pond 


100 


Camden, Boykin's pond 


100 




McLeod's pond 


200 




Central, Arnold's pond 


50 




Holcomb's pond 


50 




Chester, Dry Fork Pond 


75 






200 




Gill-Creek 


200 




Messer's pond 


200 


Maltonia Club Pond 


Mill Creek Pond 


200 


Poplar Branch Pond 

Cope, Fogle's pond 


100 




100 




Cordova, Smoak's pond 


75 




Fort Mill, Spring Pond 


75 






75 






75 


North Dakota: 


Graniteville, Power House Pond 

Greenville, Houston's pond 


75 
150 




Maple Creek Pond 


75 




Greenwood, Logan Branch 


75 




Moore Branch Pond 

Spring Pond 


75 




75 




Hartsville, Beaver Dam Pond 


100 




Prestwood Pond 


100 




Honea Path, Big Spring Pond 


100 


Ohio: 


Broadmouth Creek 

Kay's pond 


175 
150 




Knight's pond 


75 




Little River 


100 




Johnston, Brimson's pond 


100 




Butler's pond 


75 




Calhoun's pond 


75 




Hilliard's pond 


100 


Sharonville, Scliatzle's pond - 

Tippecanoe City, Kessler's pond >.. 


Hollingsworth's pond 


75 
75 



104 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish E(;r;s — Continued. 
SUNFISH (BREAM)-Continued. 



Disposition. 



South Carolina— Continued. 

Johnston, Spring Branch 

Ward Creek Pond 

Kershaw, Horton's pond 

Kinards, Oxner's pond 

Lancaster, Steele's pond 

Wildcat Pond 

Laney , Robeson's pond 

Langley, Little Horse Creek Pond 

McCormick, Britt's pond 

Spring House Pond 

Spring Pond 

Macedon, Bogy Pond 

Newberry, Kings Creek 

North Augusta, Big Branch Pond 

North, White's pond 

Orangeburg, Gue's pond 

Pageland, Hicks's pond 

Perry, Piney Branch Pond 

Pickens, Colony Pond 

Oolong Pond 

Rock Hill, Mill Pond 

Ruby, Oliver's pond 

Salley, Branch Pond 

Seneca, Langston's pond 

Shoals Junction, Dunn's pond 

Simpsonville, Rocky Creek Pond 

Strother, McMahan's pond 

Trenton, Hughes's pond 

Horn Creek 

Hunt Creek Pond 

Marsh's pond 

Raus's pond 

Shaws Creek Pond 

Webb's pond 

Union, Buffalo Mill Pond 

Municipal Reservoir 

Wagner, Dean Swamp Pond 

Walhalla, Bauknight's pond 

Burley 's pond 

Oconee pond 

Todd's pond 

Verner's pond 

Willington, Ariail'spond 

Covin's pond 

Gilbert's pond 

Le Roy's pond 

Little River 

Winnsboro, Creight's pond 

Haynes's pond 

Woodruff, Chumley's pond. 

Ferguson Creek 

Watson's pond 

Yorkville, Smith's pond 

South Dakota: 

Hitchcock, Cramer's pond 

Scenic, Knutson's pond 

Tennessee: 

Butler, Cable's pond 

Concord , Turkey Creek Lake 

Cookeville, Clause's pond 

Cumberland Gap, Holly Hill Pond 

Lambert's pond 

Johnson City, Aspen Bower Lake 

Knoxville, Little River 

Maryville, Housholder's pond 

Tate Springs, Kirkham's pond 

Tate Springs Reservoir. . 

Wautauga Point, Buffalo Creek 

Whitesburg, Shields's pond 

Texas: 
Amarillo, Famous Heights Park Lake. . 

Big Springs, Davis's pond 

Fisher's pond 

Blum. Klondike Lake 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



100 

75 

75 

75 

75 

100 

250 

75 

75 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

50 

100 

125 

50 

75 

100 

100 

150 

50 

100 

75 

50 

100 

75 

100 

100 

75 

75 

75 

100 

100 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

75 

100 

50 

75 

75 

50 

75 

75 

100 
425 

175 
200 
225 
200 
200 
500 

75 
200 

75 
150 
500 

75 

50 
35 
35 
100 



Disposition. 



Texas— Continued. 

Brady, Lime Oak Creek 

Brazos, Blucher's pond 

Carbon, Pierce's pond 

Carthage, Hill's lakes 

Cisco, Lake Borine 

Clifton, Manske's pond 

Comanche, Highland Lake 

De Leon, Spring Pond 

Elkhart, Elkhart Lake 

Eskota, Kurth's pond 

Fort Worth, Davie Burns Lake 

Friona, Mayflower Pond 

Gorman, King's pond 

Lusk'spond 

Gordon, Chenault's pond 

Horlin's pond 

Graham, Oak Grove Pond 

Grand Saline, Brown's pond 

Jacksonville, Belva Lake 

Kaufman , Hoffer Pond 

Kemp, Trinity Lake 

Lindale, Mill Creek Pond 

Llano, Doel's pond 

Lytle, Carter's pond 

Mabank, Grubb's pond 

Manor, Johnson's reservoir 

Martin, Clark's pond 

Marshall, Lake Ferns 

Lake Katrine 

Walker's lake 

Merkel, Count's pond 

Nacogdoches, Mamie Ross Lake 

Rockdale, Coffield 's pond 

Randle's lake 

Rotan, Hunter's pond 

Saginaw, Beall'spond 

Santo, Miller's pond 

Terrell, McCord's pond 

Renfro Creek Lake 

Toyah, Bumphries's pond 

Tuxedo, Davis's lake 

Tye, Worthington Lake 

Tyler, Country Club Lake 

Lake Park 

Lake Wood 

Walnut Springs, Smitham's lake 

Wichita, Railroad Pond 

Winnsboro, Baker's pond 

Spring Lake 

Virginia: 

Bealeton, Old Gum Spring Pond 

Beaver Dam, Thompson's pond 

Belmont Park, Goose Creek 

Charlottesville, New Reservoir 

Cumberland, Burleighhall Pond. 

Dillwyn, Fitzgerald's pond 

Disputants, Belsches's pond 

Drewrys Bluff, Spring Lake 

Dungamon, Kilgore's pond 

East Lexington, North River Pond. . 

F.vington, Irvine's pond 

Farm ville, Agee's pond 

Gladys, Maple Pond 

Gordonsville, Oak Hill Pond 

Orange, Mill Creek Pond 

Pennington Gap, Hickory Flats Pond 

Petersburg, Belscher's pond 

Shipman, Mountain Pond 

Spout Springs, Poplar Pond 

Staunton, Gypsy Hill Lake 

Troutville, Alderson's pond 

Troy, Poplar Grove Pond 

Winton, Brown's pond 

Warrenton, Cedar Run 



Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



105 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Enc.s --Continued. 

SUNFIS1I (BREAM)— Continued. 



Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 
and 

adults. 


Disposition. 


Finger- 
lings, 
year- 
lings, 

and 
adults. 


Virginia — Continued. 
Warrenton, Forest Branch Fond 


150 

300 

500 
200 

4,166 
300 


Wisconsin— Continued. 


200 


Washington: 




21,468 
300 


Musooda, Mill Creek Pond 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River 


West Virginia: 


58,250 
1,666 


Weston , W alnut Fork Pond 


Wyoming: 
Sheridan, Cut-Off Pond 






150 




Total a 






342,825 







a Lost in transit, 2,810 flngerlings. 
PIKE PERCH. 



Disposition. 



Arkansas: 

Des Arc, Caloutchie Bay 

Elkins, White River 

Helena, Mississippi River 

Connecticut: 

Wallingford, Lake Quonnipaug 

Illinois: 

Havana, Illinois State Fish Commission 

Meredosia, Illinois River 

Momence, Kankakee River 

Wilmington, Kankakee River 

Indiana: 

Angola, Buck Lake 

Fox Lake 

Columbia City, Shriner Lake 

Leesburg, Shoe Lake 

Monticello, Tippecanoe River 

Rome City, Sylvan Lake 

Iowa: 

Clear Lake, Clear Lake 

Estherville, Des Moines River, West Branch. 

Manchester, Maquoketa River 

Orleans, East Okeboji Lake 

Spirit Lake 

Ruthven, Lost Island Lake 

Waterloo, Cedar River 

West Liberty, Cedar River 

Kansas: 

Marion, Cottonwood River 

Kentucky: 

Hopkinsville, Waterworks Lake 

Lebanon, Beech Fork River 

Cartwright Creek 

Lloyds Creek 

North Fork Creek 

Pitman Creek 

Popes Creek 

Rolling Fork River 

South Fork Creek 

Massachusetts: 

Falmouth, Shivericks Pond 

Greenfield, Connecticut River 

Deerfield River 

Pittsfield, Pontosuc Lake 

Shelburne Falls, Deerfield River 

Waltham, Nonsuch Pond 

Michigan:. 

Alpena, Long Lake. 

Bay City, Saginaw Bay 

Birmingham, Wing Lake 

Crystal Falls, Mary Lake 

Detroit, Michigan Fish Commission 

Edwardsburg, Eagle Lake , 



Eggs. 



8,000,000 



34,280,000 



Fry. 



50,000 
400.000 



930,000 
1,260,000 

1,260,000 

800,000 
1,000,000 

1,200, 

1,000, 0(H) 
1,500,000 
1,500,000 

750,000 
600.000 
300, 000 
400,000 
400,000 
100,000 
250,000 
200,000 

400,000 

800, 000 

1,500,000 

800,000 

800, (« «) 

1,000,000 
1. 000. 01 10 
S00.000 
1,. 500, 000 
1,000,000 

400.000 

1,000.000 
SOO, 000 

500,000 
600,000 
500.000 

1,200,000 

4,500.000 

500,000 

540, 000 



975,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



106 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
PIKE PERCH— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Michigan — Continued . 

Hale Lake, Hale Lake 

Loon Lake 

Lincoln, Brownlee Lake 

Millersburg, Barnhart Lake? 

Paw Paw, Maple Lake 

St. Joseph, Lake Chapin 

Witch Lake, Horse Shoe Lake 

Minnesota: 

Alexandria, Lake Geneva 

Big Lake, Big Lake .- 

Brownsville, Mississippi River 

Chub Lake, Chub Lake 

Hanging Horn Lake, Hanging Horn Lake. 

Mankato, Lake Washington 

Missouri: 

Crocker, Gasconade River 

Roubidoux Creek 

St. Joseph, Missouri Fish Commission 

New Hampshire: 

Mountainview, Ossipee Lake 

Winchester, Forest Lake 

New Jersey: 

Boon ton, Rockaway River 

New York: 

Addison, Canister River 

Bliss, Eagle Lake 

Lisle. Tioughnioga River 

North Dakota: 

Cando, State Fish Commission 

Ohio: 

Columbus, Scioto River 

Fremont, Sandusky River 

Ilolliers Beach, Lake Erie 

Isle St. George, Lake Erie 

Lima, Lima Lake 

Port Clinton, Lake Erie 

Put-in Bay, Lake Erie 

Ohio State Commission 

Toledo, Lake Erie 

Upper Sandusky, Upper Sandusky River. 
Oklahoma: 

Tahlequah, Illinois River 

Pennsylvania: 

Bushkill, Delaware River 

Coolbaugh, Echo Lake 

Erie, Pennsylvania lish Commission 

Factory ville, Lake Ke wanna 

Goldsboro, Susquehanna River 

Huntingdon, Raystown Branch 

New Freedom, Clipper Dam 

New Milford, Upper Lake 

Spruce Hill, TuscaroraCreek 

Susquehanna, Page Pond 

Susquehanna River 

Vicksburg, Armstrong Run 

Wilkes-Barre, Nuangola Lake 

Wrightsville, Susquehanna River 

York Haven, Susquehanna River 

South Dakota: 

Langford, Ninemile Lake 

Sixmile Lake 

Tennessee: 

Springfield, Milldale Pond 

Vermont: 

Boltonville, Tickle Necked Pond 

Ludlow, Plymouth Pond 

Miles Pond, Miles Pond 

Swanton, Lake Champlain 

West Danville, Joe's pond 

Virginia: 

Wytheville, Reed Creek 

West Virginia: 

Fairmont, Tygarts Valley River 

Morgantown, Cheat River 

Wisconsin: 

Antigo, Edith Lake 

Barronette, Deep Lake 



2,000,000 



10,000,000 



170,725,000 



96, 450, 000 



Fry. 



500,000 
800,000 
600,000 
800,000 
1,000,000 
1, 200, 000 
360,000 

540,000 
500,000 



400,000 
( flO. 000 
720,000 

400.000 
400,000 



1,000.000 
500, 000 

700,000 

600,000 
600.000 
400,000 



1,000,000 

1,000,000 

16,000,000 

16,000,000 

1,000,000 

475,000 

20,000,000 



10,000,000 
1,500.000 



400.000 



800, 000 
600,000 



700.000 
500,000 
700, 000 
300,000 
700,000 
500,000 
800,000 
800,000 
200,000 
1,000,000 
500.000 
500,000 

800,000 
800, 000 

800,000 

600,000 

800.000 

800.000 

11,000,000 

1,000,000 

1,000,000 

500,000 
800,000 

400,000 
500,000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 107 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
PIKE PERCH— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Wisconsin— Continued. 

Cable, Namekagon Lake 

Colgate, Lake Five 

Crahdon, Oak Lake 

Genoa, Mississippi River 

Gordon, Bass Lake 

Clear Lake 

Wagner Lake 

Greenwood, fopple River 

Hancock, Fish Lake 

Haugen, Pokagama Lake 

Iron River, Lower Pike Lake. 
Kewaunee Kewaunee River. 
La Crosse, Mississippi River. . 

Nashville, Dry Lake 

Okauehee, Okauchee Lake 

Stone Lake, Whitefish Lake. . 

Victory, Mississippi River 

Wonewoc, Baraboo River 



800, 000 
500,000 
800,000 



400,000 
400,000 
400,000 
600,000 
400,000 
500, 000 
720,000 
450,000 



600,000 
,500,000 
400, 000 



800, 000 



Totalo. 



321,455,000 



154,480,000 



5,260 



YELLOW PERCH. 



Colorado: 

La Jara, Laguna Escondida 

Connecticut: 

Hadlyme, State Fish Commission 

Delaware: 

Wilmington, Brandy wine Creek 

Illinois: 

Carbondale , Horse Shoe Lake 

Chicago, Armour's pond 

Otis's pond 

Eckerts, Deich's pond 

Irving, Funk's lake 

Millstadt, Grossman's pond 

Shipman, Olmsted's pond 

Indiana: 

Angola, Walled Lake 

Centerville, Kitterman's pond 

Edinburg, White River, East Fork 

Lake Cicott, Lake Cicol t 

Lebanon, Saltmarsh Pond 

Silver Lake, Silver Lake 

Winchester, Summers's pond.' 

Iowa: 

Lime Springs, Upper Iowa River 

McGregor, Lake Como 

North McGregor, Mississippi River 

Kansas: 

Pittsburg, Gibson Pond : 

Kentucky: 

Cropper, Duna vent's pond 

Pollard's pond 

Louisville, Lake Lansdowne 

Park View Lake 

Woodbine, Lake Placid 

Maryland: 

Accokeek Creek, Potomac River 

Baltimore, Patapsco River Pond 

Bryans Point, Potomac River 

Bush River, Bush River 

Cecil, Chesapeake Bay 

Chase, Dundee River 

Freeland , South Lake 

Gunpowder, Gunpowder River 

Harford , Swan Creek 

Harmony Grove, Richfield Pond.. 

Havre de Grace, Chesapeake Bay 

Pamunkey Creek, Potomac River 

Piscataway Creek, Potomac River 

Principio, Chesapeake Bay 

a Lost in transit, 545,000 fry 



5,200,000 



800,000 



66,117,500 



10,945,000 

2,400,000 

23,600,000 

600,000 



2,200,000 
9,500,000 
200,000 
12,600,000 
10,985,000 
64,887,500 
15,000,000 



200 
900 
900 
100 
500 
300 
400 

200 
90 
200 
300 
75 
200 
100 

20 

900 

42,750 

100 

100 
100 
300 
100 
300 



300 



108 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details of Distribution op Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 
YELLOW PERCH— Continued. 



Disposition. 



Maryland — Continued. 

Swan Creek, Potomac River 

Town Point, Elk River 

Waterbury , Old Place Creek 

Massachusetts: 

Merrimac, Sargent's pond 

Michigan: 

Alpena, Lake Esau 

Minnesota: 

Brownsville, Mississippi River 

Rochester, Zumbro Mill Pond 

Missouri: 

St. Charles, Crystal Lake 

New Hampshire: 

Meredith, Long Pond 

New Jersey: 

Hammonton, Hammonton Lake . . . 

Netcong, Bear Pond 

Pompton Lakes, Pompton Lakes.. 
Pompton River.. 

Red Bank, Shrewsbury Pond 

New Mexico: 

Colfax, Adams Lake 

New York: 

Auburn, Owasco Lake 

Fallsburg, Ruddick Pond 

Flushing, Iron Spring Lake 

Middleton, Ketchens Pond 

Summit Lake 

Millers Place, Hopkins Pond 

Mohonk Lake, Mohonk Reservoir . . 

Monroe, Monebasha Lake 

Round Island Lake 

Walton Lake 

North Carolina: 

Hendersonville, Tulip Pond 

Lexington, Hankins' pond 

Nokomis Mill Pond 

Sandy Creek Pond 

Salisbury, Coolcemee Pond 

Miller's pond 

Second Creek 

Statesville, Buffalo Shoal Pond 

North Dakota: 

Devils Lake, Devils Lake 

Lisbon, Mulinex's pond 

Milnor, Star Pond 

Ohio: 

Marion, Scioto River 

Oklahoma: 

Devol, Suter's pond 

El Reno, Carter's pond 

McAlester, Cole's lake 

Marietta, Love's lake 

Ochelata, Upper Pond 

Oklahoma City, Lake View Lake. . 
Pennsylvania: 

Bedford, Dunning Creek 

Raystown Branch 

Bunkney, Susquehanna River 

Danville, Susquehanna River 

Devon, Eldonridge Pond 

Dushore, Headley Pond 

Housingers Pond 

Mill Pond 

Factory ville, Gardners Pond 

Freeport, Briar Patch Pond 

Greenville, Shenango River 

Honey Brook, Mackelduff Pond.. . 

Indiana, Crooked Creek 

Ledys, Big Pond 

Lenape, Brandywine River 

New Freedom, Smith Ponds 

Sheridan, Tulpehocken Creek 

Waltersburg, Big Redstone Pond.. 
South Carolina: 

Calhoun, Twenty-three Mile Creek. 

Denmark, Savannah Lake 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



5,915,000 
41,000,000 

400,000 



400, 000 
800, 000 



1,000.000 
L,000,000 

200, 000 



(100, 000 



000, 000 
400, 000 
200, 000 
200, 0C0 
600, 000 
600, 000 
(S00. 000 



GOO, 000 



200, 000 
(500, 0C0 
400, 000 



400, 000 



1,000,000 



600, 000 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 109 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Egcs — Continued. 

YELLOW PERCH— Continusd. 



Disposition. 



South Carolina— Continued. 

G-affney, Sarratt's pond 

Greenville, Greenville Lake 

Trenton, Horse Creek Pond 

Troy, Spring Branch 

South Dakota: 

Madison, Lake Herman 

Vermont: 

Brattleboro, West River 

Lyndonville, Chandler Pond 

Bean Pond 

Poultney, Lake St. Catherine 

St. Johnsbury, Passumpsic River 

Walden, Coles Pond 

Virginia: 

Boyce, Shenandoah River 

' Charlottesville, Maury's pond 

Danville, Maple Grove Pond 

Dinwiddie, Cat Tail Pond 

Dogue Creek, Potomac River 

Little Hunting Creek, Potomac River. . 

Pohick Creek, Potomac River 

Rockflsh, Hardwick Lake 

Rockfish Lake 

Scottsville, Spring Pond 

Washington: 

Tacoma, American and Gravelly Lakes. 
West Virginia: 

Milton, Newman Springs 

Rippon, Bull Shin Creek 

Wisconsin: 

Elkhart, Elkhart Lake 

La Crosse, Mississippi River 

Lake Mills, Rock Lake 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



300, 000 
000,000 
400,000 
500, 000 



800,000 



300, 000 

26,680,000 

4.550,000 

10,205,000 

41111,0011 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Total a 5, 200. 000 320, 885, 000 



60 
120 
60 
60 



125 

200 



250 
100 



300 

4,000 

600 

37, 750 



108, 439 



a Lost in transit. 856 fingerlings. 
STRIPED BASS. 



Disposition. 



Maryland: 

Havre de Grace, Chesapeake Bay. 
North Carolina: 

Weldon, Roanoke River 



Total . 



Eggs. 



1,566,000 



1,566,000 



Fry. 



115,000 
2,669,000 



WHITE BASS. 



Disposition. 



Arkansas: 

Helena, Mississippi River.. 
Wisconsin: 

Genoa, Mississippi River. . . 

LaCrosse, Mississippi River. 

Victory, Mississippi River.. 

Total 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings. 
and adults. 



6,050 



110 DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 

Details op Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

WHITE PERCH. 



Disposition. 



Eggs. 



Fry. 



Connecticut: 

Seymour, Hemp Swamp Pond 

Delaware: 

Nassau, Red Mill Pond 

Wilmington, Brandy wine Creek 

Maryland: 

Bush River Station, Bush River 

Chase, Dundee Creek 

Havre de Grace, Chesapeake Bay 

Elk River 

Susquehanna River 

Hendersons Point, Elk River 

Locust Point, Chesapeake Bay 

Swan Creek, Chesapeake Bay". 

Town Point, Elk River ." 

Wild Duck Harbor, Susquehanna River 

Massachusetts: 

Gardner, Stoddard Meadow Pond 

Tilton Pond 

Whitman Pond 

Leominster, Spectacle Pond 

South Sudbury, Bright 's pond 

New Hampshire: 

Baboosic, Baboosic Lake 

Raymond, Pawtuckaway Lake 

Winchester, Forest Lake 

New Jersey: 

Boonton, Dixson Pond 

New York: 

Albany, Forest, Fish and Game Commission. 

Lake Waccabuc, Waccabuc Lake 

Lewisboro, Trinity Lake 

Middletown, Hennessey Lake 

New York, New York "Aquarium 

Pennsylvania: 

Aonville, Quittapahilla Creek 

Vermont: 

Montpelier, Groton Lake 



15,000,000 



1,500,000 



400,000 

2,400,000 
800,000 

2,000,000 

4,000,000 

122,450,000 

18,250,000 

GO, 800, 000 

32,555,000 

5,150.000 

17,100,000 

37,750,000 

20,825,000 

100,000 

400, 000 
400,000 
800,000 
400,000 

800,000 
400,000 
000,000 

600,000 



800,000 
()00,000 
600,000 



400, 000 
S00.000 



Total. 



16,500,000 



338,480,000 



YELLOW BASS. 



Disposition. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Arkansas: 

Helena, Mississippi River. 



250 



SEA BASS. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Massachusetts: 

Falmouth, Buzzards Bay 


253,000 




555,000 








Total 


808,000 









MACKEREL. 



Massachusetts: 

Falmouth, Buzzards Bay. 

Great Harbor. 

Gosnold, Vineyard Sound 

Total 



388,000 
338,000 
38, 000 



764,000 



DISTRIBUTION OF PISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. HI 

Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

FRESHWATER DRUM. 



Disposition. 



Fingerlings, 
yearlings, 
and adults. 



Arkansas: 

Helena, Mississippi River 

Iowa: 

North McGregor, Mississippi River 
Wisconsin: 

Prairie du Chien, Mississippi River 

Total 



8,950 
1,500 
1,500 



11,950 



COD. 



Disposition. 



Maine: 

Boothbay Harbor, Boothbay Harbor. 

Kinekins Bay 

Cape Elizabeth, Casco Bay 

Massachusetts: 

Beverly, Massachusetts Bay 

Falmouth, Buzzards Bay 

Gloucester, Atlantic Ocean 

Ipswich Bay 

Massachusetts Bay 

Gosnold, Buzzards Bay 

Vineyard Sound 

Great Harbor, Vineyard Sound 

Manchester, Massachusetts Bay 

Marblehead, Massachusetts Bay 

Provincetown, Provincetown Harbor. 

Rockport, Atlantic Ocean 

Ipswich Bay 

Woods Hole, Eel Pond 



Total.. 



Eggs. 



9,854,000 



9,854,000 



Fry. 



0,310,000 
4,304,000 
4,274,000 

3S, 658,000 

9,733,000 

22,510,000 

29,060,000 

9,305,000 

5,979,000 

44,423,000 

163,000 

4,630,000 

2,580,000 

862,000 

18.250,000 

9,060,000 

253,000 



210,354,000 



HADDOCK. 



Disposition. 



Fry. 



Maine: 

Boothbay Harbor, Boothbay Harbor. 



712,000 



POLLOCK. 



Disposition. 


Fry. 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Massachusetts: 
Beverly, Massachusetts Bay 


1,330,000 

12, 400, 000 

1,180,000 

2,920,000 


Massachusetts — Continued . 

Manchester, Massachusetts Bay 

Rockport, Atlantic Ocean 


14,510,000 
5, 800, 000 




Total 








Massachusetts Bay 


38, 140, 000 







112 



DISTRIBUTION OF FISH AND FISH EGGS, 1910. 



Details of Distribution of Fish and Fish Eggs — Continued. 

FLATFISH. 



Disposition. 


Fry.' 


Disposition. 


Fry. 


Maine: 
Boothbay Harbor, Boothbay Harbor 

Linekin Bay 

Mill Cove 


380,176,000 
4.591.000 
17,398,000 

18,210,000 

11,150,000 

6, 138,000 

2, 017. 000 

6,579,000 

111,170,000 

109.540,000 

7,800,000 

21,783,000 

17,264,000 

12,328,000 

7,063,000 

17.006,000 

IS. MO. 000 


Massachusetts— Continued. 

Manchester, Massachusetts Bay 

Monument Beach, Monument Beach 


61,02 

5,751,000 
4,678,000 


Massachusetts: 


Provineetown, Provincetown Har- 






7,7'. 






5,080.000 
23.055.000 










4. 142,000 






11. 001. 001) 


Gloucester Harbor 


Woods Hole Harbor. . . 
Rhode Island: 
East Greenwich, East Greenwich 
Bav 


0,090,000 








12.134.000 






13,254.000 
0.434,000 








Total 






930, 755, 000 







LOBSTERS. 



Maine: 
Biddeford Pool, Biddeford Pool Har- 


10. 000, 000 
2,000,000 

6,000,000 

3,000,001) 

250. 000 

1,000,000 

4,500,000 

500,000 

500, 000 

400,000 

1,000,000 

5, 250, 000 

4,000,000 

500,000 

1,500,000 

3, 500, 000 

406,008 

1,500,000 

1,600,000 

1,000,000 

•100. 000 

650,000 

500,000 

500,000 
1, 500. 000 

200,000 
3,000,000 
2,000,000 
1,000,000 

500,000 
3, 500, 000 
1,500,000 
1,000.000 

500,000 
3, 500, 000 
1,000,000 
5,000,000 
3, 500, 000 
2,500.000 
3,000,000 
12,000,000 
3,000,000 
1,000,000 

500, 000 
2,106,000 


Maine — Continued. 

South Addison, Pleasant Bay 

South Hancock, Skillings River 


250,000 
2, 000, 000 




4, 500. 000 


Boothbay Harbor, Boothbay Har- 


Cape Harbor 


1,500,000 
1,500,000 




Ebencook Harbor 


500,000 




1,000.000 




Stonington, Stonington Harbor 


500,000 


Cape Porpoise, Cape Porpoise Har- 


250, 000 




500.000 


Damariscotta, Damariscotta River.. 

Deer Isle, Eggemoggin Reach 

Southwest Harbor 


Tennants Harbor, Owls Head Bay.. 
Vinal Haven, Vinal Haven Harbor.. 
Wells, Wells Bay 


1,000,000 

3.000,000 

500,000 


East Boothbav, Linekin Bay 


WestLubec, Grand Manan Channel. 
Winnegance, New Meadows Iliver.. . 
Winter Harbor, Winter Harbor 


350, 000 
1,500.000 




500.000 




4,500,000 


Long Isle Harbor 

Friendship, Friendship Harbor 


Massachusetts: 
Bakers Island, Massachusetts Bay. . 

Beverly, Massachusetts Bay ... . 

Boston, Boston Bav 

Cohassett, Massachusetts Bay 

Falmouth, Buzzards Bav 


300,000 
1,400,000 




3,700,000 




834,000 


Isle of Shoals Harbor. . 


493,000 






874.000 


Jonesport, Roque Isle Harbor ,. . 




341,000 


Kennebunk, Kennebunk Port Har- 




2,800,000 




Gloucester Harbor 


600,000 


Wells Bay 


500,000 






2,721,000 


Little Deer Isle, Billings Cove 


Cutty hunk Harbor 


1,087.000 
827,000 






2,868,000 






6,165,000 


Southwest Harbor. . . 




1.100,000 




Manchester, Massachusetts Bay 


2,800,000 


North Haven, North Haven Harbor. 


300, 000 


Pulpit Harbor 




600, 000 




Rockport Harbor 

Swampscott Harbor, Massachusetts 
Bav 


600,000 
200,000 


Pemaguid, Pemaquid Harbor 

Port Clyde, Port Clyde Harbor 


Portland, Casco Bay 




192,000 






1,097,000 




New Hampshire: 

Stratford, Little New Harbor 

Oregon: 




Prospect Harbor, Bunkers Harbor. . 

Dyers Bav 

Rockland, Rockland Harbor 


4.000,000 
a 1,532 


Rockport, Rockport Harbor 

Small Point, Horse Isle Harbor 


Total 




162, 505, 000 


Small Point Harbor. . . 







a Adults, of which 520 were lost in transit. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS OF THE 

U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS DURING 

THE PHILIPPINE EXPEDITION, 1907-1910 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 741 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS OF THE U, S. FISH- 
ERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS DURING THE PHILIP- 
PINE EXPEDITION, 1907-1910. 



The Philippine cruise of the Albatross covered a greater period of 
time than any single expedition previously undertaken by that vessel. 
The ship left San Francisco October 16, 1907, and, sailing by way of 
the Hawaiian Islands, Midway, and Guam, arrived at Manila Novem- 
ber 28. The stop at Midway, occasioned by a requisition of the 
vessel to carry stores from Honolulu to the United States marines 
stationed on Midway, was made the opportunity to take a small 
collection of the reef fishes and shore fauna of that group of islands. 
The number of fishes was very small, owing to the inability to carry 
enough explosive to do effective work, only 10 pounds of dynamite 
being allowed for use here and at Guam. Small collections were 
similarly made at this latter place when the ship stopped there for 
coal. 

A two months' delay in the arrival of the stores which had been 
shipped from New York direct to Manila limited the vessel's activity 
for that period to the immediate vicinity of Manila. Thereafter the 
work was done by a series of short cruises made to the different parts 
of the Archipelago with Manila as a base for supplies and the deposit 
of collections. 

During the period between February 2 and June 9, 1908, cruises 
were made to the southward, the first along the southwest side of 
Mindanao, thence through the Sulu groups, extending as far as 
Sandakan, Borneo; the second through the central group, including 
Panay, Negros, Cebu, Leyte, Masbate, and Marinduque; the third 
about the east and southeast coasts of Mindanao. 

After the return to Manila from the last of these cruises it had 
become apparent that the Albatross required extensive repairs, and 
in August the ship left for Hongkong to have these made. Upon 
conclusion of this work in October Pratas Reef was visited and a 
number of soundings and trawl hauls were later made in the China 
Sea between that reef and the Batan Islands. Some work was done 
in the Batan and Babuyan islands and on the northern end of Luzon. 
Contemplated stops along the northwesterly coast of Luzon were 
prevented by bad weather which culminated in a typhoon. 

3 



4 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

During December, 1908, and Januar}^ 1909, a cruise through the 
Calamianes and the western and southern regions of Palawan was 
completed, touching on the return trip at Sandakan, Cagayan Sulu, 
and Iloilo. Late in January and early in February a number of cod 
trawl sets were made in the vicinity of Mariveles, but with indifferent 
success. The succeeding month was spent along the southern coasts 
of Luzon and adjacent islands, continuing thence southerly along the 
small islands to Bohol, thence westerly by the Cagayanes to the east 
coast of Palawan and northward into the Cuyos, returning to Manila 
early in April. 

After a short trip to Lingayen Gulf early in May, the ship cruised 
along the small islands north of Samar and on the southeast coast of 
Luzon as far as Maculabo Island above San Miguel Bay, returning to 
Manila late in June. The latter part of July and all of August and 
September were spent in cruising from the southern coast of Samar, 
along southeastern Leyte, thence along the northern coast of Mindanao 
as far as Dapitan, thence northerly to Cebu, where some time was 
lost in repairing the boilers. The latter part of the period was con- 
sumed in further work in the vicinity of Zamboanga and along the 
Sulu group as far as Borneo, touching at a few small islands adjacent 
to the Borneo coast. Early in November the ship undertook a sup- 
plementary trip through the Dutch East Indies, touching at Menado, 
Ternate, Amboina, and Macassar, as well as at many intermediate 
points. On this trip a number of trawl hauls were made, including 
some exploration of the waters of the gulfs of Tomini and Boni in 
Celebes. 

The homeward trip from Manila was begun January 21, 1910. 
Bad weather and other difficulties prevented the execution of orders 
to continue the work in the vicinity of Formosa and the Loo Choo 
Islands; at only two stops in Formosa were any collections made. 
After further repairs to the vessel in Japan, sail was set for the United 
States and San Francisco was reached May 4, 1910, after an absence 
of over two and one-half years. 

EXPLANATION OF TABLES. 

The last previous dredging station of the Albatross was no. 5095, 
the last hydrographic station was no. 4896, occupied during the 
northwestern Pacific cruise of 1906. (See Bureau of Fisheries Docu- 
ment 621.) Five hundred and seventy-seven dredging and 41 
hydrographic stations were occupied during the Philippine expe- 
dition, extending the series of dredging, stations to no. 5622 and the 
hydrographic series to no. 4937. In the tables the series are distin- 
guished by the prefixed letters D and H, respectively. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGEAPHIC RECORDS. 5 

Only those stations where the ship's gear was used (i. e., with the 
ship as an instrument) to collect natural-history specimens have been 
designated in the records as dredging stations. At times specimens 
were taken with dip nets during the occupation of a hydrographic 
station, but on account of the irregularity of such collecting the station 
was not regarded as a collecting station. No numbers have been 
given to the numerous shore stations, nor to minor collections made 
with the ship at anchor. But numbers have been given in the 
dredging series to hauls of the large intermediate net when used in a 
tideway with the ship at anchor. 

Since the shore work constitutes such an important part of the total, 
the data regarding shore stations is shown in chronological order with 
the dredging stations, the locality, apparatus, etc., appearing in the 
appropriate columns. To economize time most of the reef collections 
of fishes were made with dynamite. The method was to locate the 
desirable fishes in the coral growth by means of a view glass (a glass- 
bottomed box) used from a boat. A small charge of dynamite with 
electrical connections was carefully lowered and discharged. Such 
fishes as floated were at once collected with a dip net, and the place 
marked by a buoy. As soon as the bottom had cleared it was searched 
and the dead fish gathered by diving or more usually by means of 
long-handled spears. 

The various kinds of apparatus used at each station are recorded 
in the tables in chronological order, each on a separate line, opposite 
the station number, or, in case of unnumbered stations, opposite the 
locality, in the column "Apparatus." 

The " Position" of a station is that point occupied by the vessel, 
as determined by the navigator at the time of beginning the first 
operation at that station. The position of the subsequent opera- 
tions under the same station number corresponds in a general way 
to the line as indicated under "Drift." The distance covered by 
all the operations of a station is usually, however, not greater than 
the negligible error of observation, except in stations near shore 
determined by bearings. 

In relation to the hydrographic information obtained, the degree 
of accuracy with which positions are located is of greater importance, 
and a description of the methods is necessary to the proper use 
of this information. A great part of the region traversed is still 
unsurveyed; and even where surveyed, parts are incorrectly or 
incompletely charted. Owing to press of work and lack of time, 
no opportunity was afforded to correct such errors, and the best 
available charts were therefore used as the basis of all determina- 
tions of position when in sight of land; in the column "Chart" is 
noted the number and edition of the chart used at each station. 
59395°— 11 11 



6 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

When in sight of land position was fixed by compass bearings, and 
from the position so obtained on the chart in use the latitude and 
longitude were pricked off and set down in the record as the position 
of the station. If these charts should hereafter be corrected in 
latitude and longitude, the positions assigned to the stations must be 
changed accordingly. 

In conformity with previous practice, an additional position, by 
true bearing and distance, of some prominent shore feature is given 
for each station when practicable. As viewed from the ship, die 
nearest and most prominent objects on shore from which the ship's 
position was determined were often topographical features, incon- 
spicuous and unnamed on the chart, and impossible of identification 
by a brief written description. Therefore the bearings given in the 
tables were laid off from the plotted position on the chart to some 
object prominent on the chart, whether the object could actually be 
seen from the ship or not; though whenever convenient one of the 
two points taken for bearings by the navigator in determining the 
position is used in the table as the point of reference. The letters 
(S.), (N.), (W.), or (E.) indicate, respectively, the south, north, west, 
or east tangent of the point of reference after which they are placed ; 
e. g., Verde Id. (E.)=eastern tangent of Verde Island. 

All bearings are true unless otherwise indicated. 

The spelling of all geographic names in these tables is that found 
on the charts designated in the column "Chart." There is consider- 
able variation in this respect in the different issues of charts. 

"Time of day" in the case of soundings indicates the time the 
plummet struck bottom; in the case of dredgings, the time at which 
the apparatus began to tow on the bottom; in the case of interme- 
diate nets, the time at which the nets started to tow at the depth 
indicated; in the case of surface hauls, the time at which they were 
lowered into the water and began to be towed or the current to pass 
through them. 

"Depth" (in fathoms) is the depth obtained by the sounding 
when a sounding was made. In cases where no sounding was made 
the depth is estimated from the chart, unless the station immediately 
follows another, in which case the depth obtained at the preceding 
station is given. In seine hauls the depths given are approximate, 
and represent the greatest depth of water through which the seine was 
hauled. 

"Temperatures." The air temperatures are taken from the ship's 
log for the hour nearest the hour entered in the time column; the 
same is true of the surface temperatures where the towing commenced 
near the hour mark, but in other cases the surface temperature was 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 7 

taken at the time given. The bottom temperature was taken at the 
time of sounding. All readings by Fahrenheit thermometer. 

"Density." The water density is in all cases reduced to 15° C. 
The density of bottom water was ascertained from a sample taken by 
the Sigsbee water bottle. Inability to secure an accurate working of 
this instrument led to the discontinuance of the trials. 

In the double column "Trial" is indicated the depth at which 
apparatus was worked, as well as the duration of operation. In the 
case of bottom apparatus this latter is the time during which it is 
supposed to be dragging on the bottom, up to the beginning of 
reeling in; for intermediate nets the time occupied in towing at the 
depth shown in the depth column is indicated by the first quantity, 
the time occupied in hoisting by the second; for surface nets the 
time indicated is the time actually towed at the surface. 

In the double column of "Drift" is shown approximately the gen- 
eral direction in which the gear was hauled as well as the distance. 
The state of the currents and of the wind, with the exigencies incident 
to the steering of the ship, make this more or less inaccurate. 

The apparatus used consisted of the usual beam trawls for all work 
on the bottom. All intermediate and surface work was done with a 
large tow net and small plankton or Kofoid nets, except an unsuc- 
cessful trial of a triangular shear-board net. 

Abbreviations and Symbols. 

12' Ag 12-foot Agassiz beam trawl. The Agassiz type of beam trawl was 

used more and with better results than any other used during the 
cruise. The runners now in use stand 4 feet in height and the 
usual type of net carries a taut headline, making the full opening 
available. For deep-sea work where the possibility of upsetting 
the frame is great, a reversible net is used, with a running bolt- 
rope passing through the clips forward of the middle of the shoes. 
The use of this net is indicated by the abbreviation" rev." 

25 / Ag The same runners used in the 12-foot frame but spread by use of 

two light spars for beams to a 25-foot opening. Used successfully 
on smooth bottoms. 

9' Alb.-Blk 9-foot Albatross-Blake beam trawl. 

B. A British Admiralty. 

3-bd. int a net with triangular opening operated by 3 shear boards and handled 

by a 3-part bridle from dredging cable — in no case successfully. 

2 / Blk a 2-foot Blake trawl, generally used from a steam launch or rowboat; 

net made of ^-inch webbing. 

botm bottom. 

C. S Coast Survey. 

D dredging, or collecting, station. 

dip ordinary dip net on a 12-inch or 14-inch ring, with bamboo handle; 

used extensively in reef fishing with dynamite and from the gang 

plank with electric light, 
dyn dynamite. 



8 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMEE ALBATROSS. 

e. 1 electric light. 

H hydrographic station. 

H. O U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

hbr harbor. 

int. 3 intermediate 3. This is a large ship's net on a 5^-foot ring; net about 

11 feet long made of no. 0000 grit gauze, with about 3 feet of the 
bottom of no. 3 silk, and a brass bucket at the bottom. The out- 
side netting is |-inch webbing for the protection of the silk. 

int. 4 intermediate 4; same as intermediate 3, but with an extension of 6 feet 

of 1-inch webbing carried to a 10-foot ring, thus increasing the 
opening to 10 feet. 

int. 5 intermediate 5; similar to intermediate 4, but with no. 14 grit gauze 

only in the bottom part from the 3-foot ring to the bucket; above 
this ^-inch webbing to the 5^-foot ring, and thence 6 feet of f-inch 
webbing to the 10-foot ring. Equipped with a funnel of f-inch 
webbing. 

9' Jn. dr Johnston oyster dredge. This is an Albatross-Blake beam trawl 

with a rake bar bolted at the heel. Used also in 6-foot length. 

K. 1 a small plankton or Kofoid net, made of no. 1? silk, on ° 14-inch ring. 

K. 2 same as above, but made of no. 20 silk. 

K. 4 same as above, but made of no. 3 silk. 

K. 5 same as K. 2, but made of no. 1 silk. 

K.6 a net of same length as other Kofoid nets, but provided with clamps 

on opposite sides of the ring to attach directly to the cable; also 
with a bail from the ring to the bucket. Designed to lower and 
hoist with the ship lying to and the cable running vertically, thus 
making no catch except while ship is underway and towing. 

Lt light. 

Luc. sdr Lucas sounding machine. 

m. b mud bag. When more than one mud bag is used the two supple- 
mentary bags are rigged one at either end of the trawl frame. 

6' McC 6-foot McCormick; an adaptation of the Blake trawl frame, with rear 

beam bolted to bottom shoe and serving as a spindle on which bent 
teeth of J by 2 inch iron work as a rake. Not successful. 

2' o. p open plankton net on 2-foot ring; made of no. 1 silk. 

spec specimen. 

12' Tnr 12-foot Tanner beam trawl. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. . .Tanner-Blish sounding machine. 

therm Negretti & Zambra thermometer, with Tanner case. 

wat. bot Sigsbee water bottle. 

* signifies depth as shown by chart when no sounding has been made. 

** signifies depth and character of bottom as obtained by sounding at previous station. 
X signifies nets towed astern, from taffrail, side by side. 

§ signifies apparatus towed (horizontally) at depth indicated, during number of 
minutes given in the first period; then hoisted (vertically) to surface, net open, 
in time next shown. 

The letters (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), when used with the abbreviation 
for sounding apparatus, indicate the kind of sounding cup used; thus, 

(a). . .Sigsbee sounding rod. (d). ..bail-cutter. 

(b). . .Lucaa snapper. (e). . .ordinary lead with tallow. 

(c). . .Lucas 4-tube sounding rod. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 



9 






"Character of bottom," determined by the specimens from the 
sounding cup, is expressed by abbreviations, the key to which is ap- 
pended. It will be noted that these abbreviations are arbitrarily 
capitalized for nouns. When used as adjectives, however, the noun 
abbreviations are not capitalized. 

bk.... black. fne fine. 

bl blue. For. . . Foraminifera 

br brown. G Gravel. 

br-gn. .brownish-green. Glob . . Globigerina. Oz. . . . Ooze. Sp Specks. 

brk broken. gn.... green. P Pebbles. St Stones. 

C Clay. gn-br.. greenish-brown. Ptr Pteropod. vol. .. .volcanic. 

Clmps. Clumps. gn-gy.. greenish-gray. R Rock. W Seaweed. 

Co Coral. gy. . . .gray. Rf Reef. wh white. 

crs coarse. hrd . . . hard . rky rocky. 

dk dark. Lav Lava. S Sand. 



M Mud. sctrd. . .scattered. 

mrgn . . . marginal . Sh Shells. 

Mss .... Masses . sml small. 



10 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5096 



D. 5097 



D.5098 



D. 5099 



D. 5100 



D.5101 



D. 5102 



D. 5103 



Between Honolulu and 
Manila. 



Midway Ids. Harbor. 



.do. 



Guam; Apra Bay (rf). 

....do 

....do 



.do. 



1907. 
Nov. 7 

Nov. 8 
Nov. 19 
Nov. 20 
Nov. 21 

..do 



Manila Bay and vicinity. a 

Manila Bay (Luneta Beach). 

Manila Bay, inside break- 
water (anch.). 

....do 

....do 

Manila Bay (Malate Beach).. 

Manila Bay, inside break- 
water (anch.). 

Manila Bay, inside break- 
water. 

....do 

Manila Bay, outside break- 
water. 



Manila Bay (Luneta Beach) 
Manila Bay (near anch.) 

China Sea off southern Luzon. 

Corregidor Lt.. N. 2.70 miles 
(14° 20' 23" N., 120° 34' 15" 

E.). 



Corregidor Lt., N. 6° E., 3.60 
miles (14° 19' 15" N., 120° 
33' 52" E.). 



Corregidor Lt., N. 21° E., 
4.30 miles (14° 18' 40" N., 
120° 32' 40" E.). 

Corregidor Lt., N. 36° E., 

4.80 miles (14° 18' 55" N., 

120° 31' 20" E.). 
Corregidor Lt., N. 16° E., 

5.70 miles (14° 17' 15" N., 

120° 32' 40" E.). 
Corregidor Lt., S. 82° E., 

10.50 miles (14° 24' 30" N., 

120° 23' 20" E.). 
Sueste Pt. Lt., S. 85° W., 

1.20 miles (14° 45' N., 120° 

12' 30" E.). 
Subig Bay (Subig anch.) . . . 
Subig Bay, Subig (beach) .. 
Calaclan Pt., S. 86° E., 2.50 

miles (14° 49' 30" N., 120° 

13' 30" E.). 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 
....do 



....do 

....do 

C. S. 4712.. 
Sept., 1904. 
....do 



.do. 



....do 

....do 



do 

do 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 



...do. 



.do.... 



.do... 



...do... 



..do.. 



C. S. 4254; 
Sept., 1902. 



.do.... 
-do.... 
.do.... 



Dec. 6 

..do.... 

Dec. 7 
Dec. 8 
Dec. 9 

..do.... 

Dec. 11 

Dec. 12 
..do.... 



Dec. 30 
...do 



1908. 
Jan. 2 



.do.... 



..do 



...do 



...do. 



Jan. 



..do 



...do.... 
Jan. 7 
...do.... 



10.00 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 



3.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 

10.00 a. m. 
1.30 p. m. 



9.00 a. m. 
4.00 p. m. 



10.42 a. m. 
11.01 a. m. 



12.44 p. m. 



fms. 



3.5 
3.5 



*38 



1.21 p. 


in. 


*30 


2.15 p. 


m. 


35 


2.22 p. 

1.16 p. 


m. 

in. 


35 
*43 


4.20 p. 


m. 


*33 


7.00 p. 
9.00 a. 


m. 
m. 

in. 


11 


1.46 p. 


*20 



co. Clmps.; S 

Co 

mrgn. co. Rf 

co. Mss 

mrgn. Rf;sml. stag- 
horn Clmps; S. 
co. Mss.; S 

M.,S 

M 

M 

M 

fne. S 

M 

M 

M 

M., sml. R 

M.,S 

M 



gy. M., S.,Sh. 
gy. M.,S.,Sh. 

gy. M.,S.,Sh. 



gy. M., S., Sh. 



gy. M.,S., Sh. 

gy-s 

gy.s 



s 

gy. M. 



" From December 16 to 21 a shore party made collections at the mouth of the Santa Cruz River and the 
adjacent shore of Laguna de Bay and visited the markets at Santa Cruz and Majayjay. A party visited 
Taal Lake December 24 to 29 and made collections by seining (45' seine) on the south side of Taal Id., 
and by purchase from natives on the Pansipit River, and at Taal December 31 and January 1 a shore party 
made collections on Mariquina River. 



DEEDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910. 



11 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 






<u 

.2 

3 

02 


g 
o 

o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


O 

O 
03 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


"F. 


"F. 








8-12ft.. 

20-30 ft. 
6-20 ft.. 
6-20 ft.. 
3-10 ft.. 

6-20 ft.. 

4ft .... 

surf 

surf 

surf 

6ft .... 

surf 

surf 


ft. 
1 

2 
4 
3 
3 

2 

2 

2 

2 
2 
2 

2 


m. 
00 

00 
00 
00 
00 

00 

30 

00 

00 
00 
30 

00 

20 




mi. 


Work interrupted 
by storm. 






































































Mostly on shore 
flat. 




























100' seine 

dip; e. 1 

dip; e. 1 

dip; e. 1 

150' seine 

dip; e. 1 

2' o. p 






































































Do. 
































Towed from 












2' Blk... 






steam launch. 
Do/ 












2' Blk. . 










Several hauls from 












150' seine 

2 wire traps... 

Tnr.-Blish.sdr. 

(b). 
9'Tnr.; m. b.. 

9'Tnr.;m. b.. 

9' Tnr.; m. b.. 

9'Tnr.; m. b.. 

Tnr.-Blish.sdr. 

(b). 
9'Tnr.; m. b.. 
int. 4§ 

int.4§ 

dip.; e. 1 

250' seine 

12' Tnr.; m. b. 


4ft .... 


2 


30 






mouth of Pasig 
River to outer 
entrance through 

breakwater. 
5 hauls. 
















Finally hauled on 


79.5 
79.7 

80 

82 

81 
86 


79 

79 

79 

79 

80 
80 












\ 




Jan. 4, 1908. 








botm... 
' botm... 

botm... 
botm... 


21 
19 

20 
20 


SW.o 




Veered 5 fms. dur- 








NW.byW.o 
W.byN.o.. 




ing haul, not on 
bottom; water- 
haul. 
Veered at 5 minute 








intervals from 75 
to 94 and to 104 
fms. Trawl cap- 
sized on bottom, 
but made a 
small catch. 
Net capsized on 








W. by N.a. 




bottom, but 
made a small 
catch. 
















botm... 
37fms.. 

28fms.. 

surf 

20 ft ... 
botm... 


2 
2 


20 

20 

4 

20 
3 

00 
30 
20 


NE.a 






82 
86.5 


78 
81 




1.02391 
1.02447 




NW. § W. 

N. 11° E.. 




70 fms. dredge 




cable out. 
Cable veered from 








45 to 57 fms. dur- 
ing haul. 
















5 hauls. 


84 


79 








S. 45° E... 


0.6 













a Course steered by ship. 



12 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5104 
D. 5105 



D.510G 



D. 5107 



D. 5108 



D. 5109 



D.5110 



D.5111 



D.5112 
D.5113 



China Sea off southern Lu- 
zon—Continued. 

Olongapo (beach) 



Beach opposite Olongapo 

Olongapo (anch.) 

Sueste Pt. Lt., S. 58° W., 

1.30 miles (14° 45' 48" N., 

120° 12' 20" E.). 
Sueste Pt. Lt., N. 57° W., 

1.90 miles (14° 43' 55" N., 

12C° 12' 50" E.). 

Grande I. (rf.) 

Port Binanga (beach).. 

Port Binanga (anch.) 

Port Binanga (rf.) 

Corregidor Lt., S. 57° E., 2.25 

miles (14° 23' 55" N., 120° 

32' 33" E.). 

Corregidor Lt., S. 17° E., 1.75 

miles (14° 24' 30" N., 120° 

33' 40" E.). 
Manila Bay (Luneta Beach). 
Limbones Cove (E. shore, 

beach). 
Limbones Cove (SW. shore, 

rf.). 

Limbones Cove (anch. ) 

Corregidor Lt., N. 39° E., 

22.50 miles (14° 05' 5" N., 

120° 19' 45" E.). 



Corregidor Lt., N. 42° E., 
25.80 miles (14° 03' 45" N., 
120° 10' 30" E.). 

Corregidor Lt., N. 20° E., 25 
miles (13° 59' 20" N., 120° 
75' 45" E.). 



Nasugbu Bay (anch.) 

Nasugbu Bay (beach near 

town). 
Nasugbu Bay (Pillar Rock, 

rf.). 
Sombrero Id., S. 41° E., 4.50 

miles (13° 45' 15" N., 120° 

46'30"E.). 



Balayan Bay (Taal anch.). . . 
Sombrero Id., S. 18° E., 6.75 

miles (13° 48' 22" N., 120° 

47' 25" E.). 
Sombrero Id., S. 7° W., 9.50 

miles (13° 51' 30" N., 120° 

50' 30" E.). 

Balayan Bay and Verde Id. 
Passage.a 

Balayan Bay (Ligpo Pt. rf.). 



C. S. 4254; 
Sept., 1902 

....do 

....do.. 
....do.. 



..do.... 



do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

....do 

C. S. 4240: 
Feb., 1907. 



..do. 



.do.... 
.do.... 



.do.. 



.do.... 
.do.... 



..do. 



.do.. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.ilo. 
.do. 



.do... 



C. S. 4240, 



1908. 
Jan. 7 

..do.... 
..do.... 
Jan. 8 



..do.... 



..do 

..do 

..do 

Jan. 9 
..do 



..do... 



Jan. 13 
Jan. 14 



.do... 



..do..... 
Jan. 15 



..do.... 



.do.... 



..do 

Jan. 16 



..do.... 
..do 



..do 

Jan. 17 



..do 



2.00 p. m. 

3.30 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
10.20 a. m. 



1.00 p. m. 
2.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 
1.58 p. m. 



2.38 p. m. 



4.30 p. m. 
4.30 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

8.01 a. m. 

8.34 a. m. 



8.47 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
9.20 a. m. 
10.26 a. m. 

10.43 a. m. 

3.18 p. m. 

3.32 p. m. 



7. 



00 p. m. 
00 a. m. 



i.OO a. m. 
!.38 p. m. 



.08 p. m. 
.00 p. m. 
.06 p. m. 

.33 p. m. 
.43 p. m. 



4.02 p. m. 



Jan. 18 10.00 a. m. 



fms. 



13 
*33 



grassy. 



(?) 

sctrd. Clmps. Co. 



6 
"*37' 



*28 



16 
16 
10 

12 

135 

135 



236 
10 

177 

177 
159 

159 



sctrd. Clmps. Co. 
gy. M 



gy. M. 



me. S 

S., P., Co. 

solid Co.. 



Co 

dk. gy. M. 

dk. gy. M. 



sctrd. Clmps. Co. 



gn. M. 



dk. gn. M. 

dk. gn. M. 
dk. gn. M. 

dk. gn. M. 



dense Co., S. 



o Collecting trip to Taal Lake on Jan. 18. Dredging with hand dredge. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907 1910— Continued. 



13 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




<j 


u 

.2 

h 

Hi 


e 

o 

o 

C3 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


6 

o 

a 
a 

3 


Remarks. 


"F. 


"F. 


"F. 






250' seine 

250' seine 

dip.; e. 1 

12' Tnr.; m.b. 

12'Tnr.; m.b. 


20ft ... 

8ft .... 

surf 

botm... 

botm... 

6-20 ft.. 


h. m. 
1 15 

1 15 

2 00 
20 

20 

4 30 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
20 

20 




mi. 


1 haul. 
















Do 


















81 
81 


78 
78 








S. 22° W . . 
N. 60° W.. 


0.8 
(?) 






























150' seine 


















dip.; e. 1 


surf 

6-15 ft . 
botm... 

botm... 
4ft .... 
























86.5 
84.5 


78 

78 




1.02393 
1.02379 




12' Tnr.; m.b. 

12' Tnr.; m.b. 

150' seine 

250' seine 

dyn 


N. 48° E.. 
N. 44° E... 


1.2 
1.7 


Tail lashing 
slipped; no catch 
except in mud 
bag. 


















12ft ... 
6-12 ft. . 
surf 


1 30 

1 30 

2 00 


































dip.; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish. sdr. 








80 
80 

81 

81 
81 

82 

82 
89 
85 


80 
80 

80 

80- 
80 
80 

80 

80 
80 


80 


1.02406 












(b). 
9' Alb.-Blk.; 
m. b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


1 


N. 36° E... 




Dredging cable 












fouled gin block. 
Trawl not 
dragged on bot- 
tom. 








(b). 

8 swabs 

9 hand lines. . . 
9' Alb.-Blk.... 

8 swabs 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(b). 
12'Tnr.; m.b. 

dip.; e. 1 

130' seine 


botm... 
botm... 
botm... 

botm... 


10 
23 
12 

11 


S 


.3 












No catch. 




1.02386 






(?) 
(?) 


Trawl immediate- 






ly torn on coral. 
Soundings with 


59 


1. 02406 






hand lead. 




botm... 
surf 


20 

2 00 

2 30 

3 00 


N.20°E... 


.6 


20 fms. cable 








veered during 
haul. 






























6-15 ft.. 






84 
84 


80 
80 








Tnr.-Blish sdr. 
(b). 

12'Tnr.; m. b. 

dip; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Tnr.; m. b. 




Sounding cup lost; 








botm... 
surf 


30 
1 30 


N.22°E... 


1.8 


therm, did not 
trip. 










86 

84 
82 

80 


80 

80 
80 

80 


52.4 


1.02416 


1.02496 








botm... 


30 


N. 13° E... 


1.3 






1.02413 








botm... 
6-20 ft.. 


10 
5 00 


N.9°E.... 


.6 


Uneven bottom. 











14 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Htdrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 




Balayan Bay and Verde Id. 
Passage— Continued . 

Balayan Bay (near beach, 
Taal). 

Balayan Bay (Taal, anch.) . . 
Maricaban Id. (rf. inside Se- 

poc Pt.). 
Sombrero Id. N. 36° E., 7.2 

miles (13° 36' 11" N., 120° 

45' 26" E.). 

Sombrero Id. N. 49° E., 7.30 
miles (13° 37' 11" N., 120° 
43' 40" E.). 

Sombrero Id. N. 69° E., 2.50 
miles (13° 41' N., 120° 47' 
05" E.). 

Sombrero Id. S. 17° E., 10.80 
miles (13° 52' 22" N., 120° 
46' 22" E.). 

Sombrero Id. S. 47° E., 10 
miles (13° 48' 45" N., 120° 
41' 51" E.). 

Sombrero Id. S. 80° E., 18.90 
miles (13° 45' 05" N., 120° 
30' 30" E.). 

Sombrero Id., S. 79° 30' E., 
19.2 miles (13° 45' 30" N., 
120° 30' 15" E.). 

Nasugbu Bay (anch.) 

Manila Bay (inside break- 
water). 

Manila Bay (inside break- 
water, anch.). 

East coast of Mindoro. 

Malabrigo Lt., N. 14° W., 9 

miles (13° 27' 20" N., 121° 

17' 45" E.). 
Malabrigo Lt., N. 46° W., 

20.60 miles (13° 21' 30" N., 

°120 30' 33" E.). 
Malabrigo Lt., N. 44° W., 

32.50 miles (13° 12' 45" N., 

121° 38' 45" E.). 
Pt. Origon (N.), S. 56° E., 

20.75 miles (12° 52' N., 121° 

48' 30" E.). 

Sutu Sea, vicinity southern 
Panay. 

Nogas Id. (W.), S. 11° E.. 

24 miles (10° 48' N., 121° 

48' 30" E.). 
Nogas Id. (W.),S. 26°30'E., 

11.75 miles (10° 34' 45" N., 

121° 47' 30" E.). 

Naso Pt., Panay (anch.) 

Naso Pt., Panay (near anch.) 


C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

... ..do 

do 

do..... 

do 

C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4718, 
Dec, 1906. 

dp 

do 

do 

.do 


1908. 
Jan. 19 

...do.... 
Jan. 20 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

Jan. 21 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 
Jan. 28 

Jan. 31 

Feb. 2 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Feb. 3 

...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 

Feb. 4 
...do 


3.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 


fms. 


blk. S.,M 




10 






dense Co., S 

fne. S 


D 5114 


10.49 a. m. 
11.17 a. m. 

1.08 p. m. 
1.41 p. m. 

2.53 p. m. 
3.13 p. m. 

9.10 a. m. 

9.27 a. m. 
10.41 a. m. 

11.00 a. m. 
1.24 p. m. 
1.56 p. m. 

2.41 p. m. 
3.10 p. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
11.00 a. m. 

10.00 a. m. 


340 
340 

340 
340 

200 
200 

118 

118 
159 

159 
394 
394 

393 
393 

10 




fne. S 




(?) 




(?) 


D 5116 


(?) 




(?) 


D 5117 


(?) 


D. 5118 
D. 5119 
D. 5120 


dk. gn. M 

dk. gn. M 

dk. gn.M 

gn. M., S 

gn. M., S 

gn. M., S 












D. 5121 
D. 5122 


8.14 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
10.34 a. m. 


108 

108 
220 


dk. gn. M 

dk. gn. M 




10.59 a. m. °3n 




D. 5123 


1.09 p. m. 

1.44 p. m. 
5.0-1 p. m. 

5.38 p. m. 

9.07 a. m. 
9.41 a. m. 

1.05 p. m. 
2.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 


283 

283 

281 

281 

411 
411 

742 

742 

10 








D. 5124 
D. 5125 


sft. gn. M 

sft. gn. M 






D. 5126 


sft. gn. M 

sft. gn. M 














Naso Pt., Panay (shore, tide 
pools). 


....do 

















DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



15 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 

3 

3 
02 


a 

o 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


9 

o 
C 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


"F. 


"is*. 










ft. m. 
2 00 

1 30 
5 00 




mi. 


Purse seine owned 
and hauled by 
native fisher- 
men. 












dip.; e. 1 

dyn 


surf 

6-20 ft.. 






















81.5 
84 

82 


79 
80 

80 




1.02447 












12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N.54° E.. 


0.5 


Cable veered from 
460 to 520 fms. 
during haul. 

Sounding cup did 
notclose. Therm, 
not properly at- 
tached and 
fouled water 
bottle. 

Therm, not prop- 


(?) 


1. 02434 


1.02454 




83 80 

86 |~80 
86 80 


12' Tnr.; m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N.43°E... 


1.0 


50.2 


1. 02426 






12' Tnr.; m.b.. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N.5° E.... 


0.5 


82 

82 

81 

81 
82 

82 

82 
82 


79 

79 
79 

79 

SO 

80 

80 
80 




1.02475 




fouled stray line. 
No specimen in 
sounding cup. 




botm... 


20 


N.31° W.. 


0.8 




1.02426 






botm... 


30 


N.50°\V.. 


0.8 




43.7 


1. 02386 


1. 02468 




12' Tnr.; m.b. 


botm... 


9 


N.23 E... 


1.0 




43.7 


1 02386 


1.02480 




int. 4§ 

dip.; e. 1 

2' o. p 


350 fms. 

surf 

surf 


20 

17 
1 30 

15 


N.5" W... 


1.0 


393 fms. dredge 








cable out. 
















Towed from steam 












dyn. cap.; dip. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 






launch. 


76 

76 
78 

79 
80 

79 
82 

80.5 

81 
83.5 

83 
84 


79 

79 

79 

79 
79 

79 
79 

79 

80 
80 

80 
80 




1. 02420 
















botm... 


20 


S.79" E... 


1.0 






1. 02489 




Snapper failed to 




(b). 
12' Tnr.: m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 


botm... 


20 


S.59°E... 


1.3 


close. 




1.02475 






Do. 




botm... 


20 


S.6° W... 


1.3 






1. 02468 




Do. 




botm... 


17 


S. 9" W . . . 


1.5 




50 


1. 02444 


1. 02475 




int. 4 § 


365 fms. 


20 
26 


N.62° W.. 


1.5 


550 fms. dredge 


49.5 


(?) 


(?) 


cable out. 
No specimen in 


12' Tnr.; m.b. 

dip.; e. 1 

5 gill nets 

130' seine 

copper sul- 
phate. 


botm... 

surf 

botm. 
and surf. 
10 ft . . . 


20 
1 30 


N.81" W.. 


1.5 


water bottle. 
























Set over night. 












3 00 
2 00 






6 hauls. 





































16 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


D. 5127 
D 5128 


Sulu Sea, vicinity southern 
Panay — Continued. 

Nogas Id. (W.), N. 11° 30' E. , 
22 mile (10° 02' 45" N., 
121° 48' 15" E.). 

Nogas Id. (W.), N. 6° E., 
32.50 miles (9° 52' 10" N., 
121° 49' 35" E.). 

Sulu Sea off western Min- 
danao. 

Dulunguin Pt., S. 70° E., 
4.80 mile (7° 46' N., 122° 

Dulunguin Pt., N. 50° E., 1 
mile (7° 43' 45" N., 122° 
03' 45" E.). 

Dulunguin Pt., N. 44° E., 
3.80 miles (7° 41' 30" N., 
122° 01' 45" E.). 

Dulunguin Pt., N. 1° W., 
9.50 miles (7° 35' N., 122° 
04' 45" E.). 

Panabutan Bay (NW. 
beach, near river). 


C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1900. 

do 

C. S. 4723, 
Oct., 1905. 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4644; 
July, 1905. 
...do... 


1908. 
Feb. 4. 

...do.... 

Feb. 5 
...do... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 
Feb. 6 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Feb. 7 

...do 


2.57 p. m. 
4.06 p. m. 

7.05 p. m. 

11.43 a. m. 

1.13 p. m. 

2.04 p. m. 
2.23 p. m. 

3.29 p. m. 
3.48 p. m. 

5.00 p. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
8.48 a. m. 

8.58 a. m. 

9.04 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

9.10 a. m. 

9.14 a. m. 

9.27 a. m. 
9.54 a. m. 

10.23 a. m. 

10.28 a. m. 

10.40 a. m. 
7.30 p. m. 

7.14 a. m. 
7.22 a. m. 

7.54 a. m. 

8.05 a. m. 


fms. 
958 
958 


gy. M., Glob 

gy. M., Glob 


H. 4897 
H. 4898 

D. 5129 


1,570 

221 

0-100 


gy. M., Glob 

gy. M., Glob 




' 


D. 5130 


102 
102 










sft. M.,S 




11 

18 

19 
21 


H. 4899 
H.4900 
H. 4901 


Id. ofl Panabutan Pt., S. 78° 

W., 3 miles. 
Id. ofl Panabutan Pt., W., 

0.30 mile. 
Id. ofl Panabutan Pt., N. 52° 

W., 0.30 mile. 

Panabutan Bay (beach) 

Panabutan Bay (Siriguay 

Pt., rf.). 
Id. otf Panabutan Pt., N. 31° 

W., 0.50 mile. 
Id. otf Panabutan Pt., N. 15° 

W., 0.50 mile. 
Id. ofl Panabutan Pt., N. 20° 

E., 0.40 mile. 

Id. off Panabutan Pt., N. 15° 
W., 0.30 mile. 

Id. off Panabutan Pt., N. 62° 

E., 0.30 mile. 
Id. off Panabutan Pt., N. 52° 

E., 1.50 miles. 

Caldera Bay (anch.) 

Sulu Archipelago, near Ba- 
silan Id. 

Balukbaluk Id. (N.) S. 59° 
W., 6.25 miles (6° 44' 45" 
N., 121° 48' E.). 

Balukbaluk Id. (N.), S. 59° 
W., 4.90 miles (6° 44' 12" 
N., 121° 46' 55" E.). 


do 

do 

do..:... 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4511; 
Dec, 1904. 

do 


sft. gn. M 

sft. gn. M 

gn. M., S 

S., M 








H.4902 
H.4903 


23 

27 

27 

27 
*26 

38 
38 
38 


gn. M., fne S 

co. S 


D. 5131 

D. 5132 

H.4904 
D. 5133 


gn. M., co. S 

gn. M., co. S 

gn. M., S 

gn. M., S 

gn. M.,S 

gn. M.,S 


D.5134 


25 
25 

34 
34 


fne. S 




fne. S 


D. 5134a 


gy. S 




gy. S 







DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



17 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




<< 


a 

3 

OQ 


a 

o 
o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


CD 

o 

a 

C3 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 

84.5 
83 

82 

82 
82 

81 

80 

81.5 
80.5 


°F. 
80 
81 

80 

80 

80 

80 

80 

79.5 
80 


"F. 
50.1 


1.02477 


1.02516 


Luc.sdr. (a).. . 




ft. m. 




mi. 




9' alb.-Blk.; 2 
m. b. 

int. 4 


botm... 
surf 


20 
20 


N.9°W... 
S.6°E.... 


(?) 
0.6 










given by re- 
corder. 








Luc.sdr. (a). . . 










Tnr.-Blishsdr. 










First attempt re- 
sulted in loss of 
all the apparatus 
used. 

Density at 100 fms. 
1.02495. 

193 fms. dredge 
cable out. 


57.6 


1. 02482 




(b). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 












int. 4 § 

Luc.sdr. (a). . . 


100 fms. 


20 
8 


S.31" W.. 


1.3 


59.2 


1. 02447 


1.02451 


9' alb.-Blk.... 

130' seine 

dip.; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
175' seine 


















12 ft . . . 
surf 


30 
2 00 






torn and carried 
away. 
1 haul. 






















































































2 00 
2 00 


















dyn 


8-15 ft.. 






Water brackish. 












Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 






Coral unthrifty. 






















88 

88 
85 


79 

79 
79 




1.02447 
















(e). 
9' Tnr.;m. b.. 
9'Tnr.;m. b.. 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
9'Tnr.;m. b.. 
2'o. p 


botm... 
botm... 


13 

20 


N. 43° E.. 
S. 69° W.. 


.3 

.7 






1. 02447 










85.5 
85 


79.5 
80 




1.02447 
















botm... 
surf 


16 
20 


S. 21° E... 


.4 










Set in tide current 


82 
81 

83 
83 


78 
78 

78 
78 


? 


1. 02497 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 






at gangway. 
Therm, not allow- 




(e). 
9'Tnr.; m. b.. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


S.42°W.. 


.9 


ed time to set. 
Ship drifted to po- 


76.2 






sition of 5134a 
while getting ap- 
paratus ready. 
15 sec. allowed for 






(e). 
int.4§ 


25 fms.. 


20 
2 


N. 26° E.. 


.9 


therm, to set. 
50 fms. dredge 








cable out. 



18 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No 



D.5135 



D.5136 

D.5137 
D. 5138 

D.5139 
D. 5140 



D.5141 
D.5142 

D. 5143 

D.5144 
D.5145 

D. 5146 
D.5147 
D.5148 
H.4905 
D. 5149 
D.5150 



Position. 



Vicinity of Jolo. 

Jolo Lt., S. 46° W., 11.90 
miles (6° 11' 50" N., 121° 
08' 20" E.). 

Jolo (anch.) 

....do 

Marongas Id., S. side 



Pangasinan Id., S. Pt. (rf).. 

Jolo (anch.) 

Jolo Lt., S. 37° E., 0.70 mile 

(6° 04' 20" N., 120° 59' 20" 

E.). 

Jolo Lt., S. 61° E., 1.30 miles 
(6° 04' 25" N., 120° 58' 30" 
F \ 

JoloLt., S. 19° E., 2.50 miles 
(6° 06' N., 120° 58' 50" E.). 



Jolo Lt., S. 51° W., 3.60 miles 
(6° 06' N., 121° 02' 30" E.). 

Jolo Lt., S. 33° W., 6.10 miles 
(6° 08' 45" N., 121° 03' E.). 



Bubuanld., S. Pt. (rf.) 

Bubuan Id. (anch.) 

Jolo Lt., S. 17° E., 5.50 miles 
(6° 09' N., 120° 58' E.). 

Jolo Lt., S. 50° W., 3.90 miles 
(6° 06' 10" N., 121° 02' 40" 

E.). 

Jolo Lt., S. 50° W., 3.40 miles 
(6° 05' 50" N., 121° 02' 15" 
E.). 



Jolo Lt., S. 50° W., 3.40 miles 
(6° 05' 50" N., 121° 02' 15" 

JoloLt., S. 16° E., 0.85 mile 
(6° 04' 30" N., 120° 59' 30" 
E.). 

Sulu Archipelago, vicinity of 
Siasi. 

Sulade Id. (E.), N. 18° W., 

3.40 miles (5° 46' 40" N., 

120° 48' 50" E.). 
Sulade Id. (E.), N. 3° E., 

8.40 miles (5° 41' 40" N., 

120° 47' 10" E.). 
Sirun Id. (N.), S. 80° W., 

3.80 miles (5° 35' 40" N., 

120° 47' 30" E.). 
Sirun Id. (W.), N. 33° E., 

2.43 miles (5° 32' 50" N., 

120° 42' 15" E.). 
Sirun Id. (W.), N. 39° E., 

2.40 miles (5° 33' N., 120° 

42' 10" E.). 
Sirun Td. (W.), N. 34° E., 

11.7 miles (5° 23' 20" N., 

120° 35' 45" E.). 



Chart. 



C. S. 4542; 
Apr., 1903, 

do 



.do. 

.do. 



...do. 
...do. 
...do. 



.do. 
.do. 

.do. 

.do. 



.do. 
.do. 
.do. 



..do 



....do.... 



...do. 
...do. 



C. S. 4542; 
Apr., 1903. 

do 



C. S. 4544; 
Oct., 1906. 



..do 



.do. 



C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906. 



Date. 



1908. 

Fob. 7 



..do.... 
Feb. 8 
Feb. 10 

Feb. 13 
..do.... 
Feb. 14 



..do... 
..do... 

..do... 
..do... 



..do.... 
..do.... 
Feb. 15 



..do.... 
..do.... 

..do.... 
..do.... 

Feb. 16 
..do.... 
..do.... 
Feb. 18 

..do 

..do 



Time of 
day. 



2.29 p. m. 

2.50 p. m. 

7.30 p. m, 
7.30 p. m. 
1.30 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
8.50 a. m. 

9.07 a. m. 

9.44 a. m. 

9.55 a. m. 
10.50 a. m. 

10.55 a. m. 

1.02 p. m. 

1.13 p.m. 
1.58 p. m. 

2.09 p. m. 

4.00 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
8.39 a. m. 

8.47 a. m. 
10.26 a. m. 

10.33 a. m. 

11.05 a. m. 

11.09 a. m. 

11.19 a. m. 

11.26 a. m. 
1.37 p. m. 

1.44 p. m. 



10.04 a. m. 



10.11 a. m. 
11.20 a. m. 



11.27 a. m. 
1.00 p.m. 



1.07 p. m. 



Depth. 



9.26 a m. 



9.32 a. m. 
11.37 a. m. 



fms. 
161 

161 
14 
14 



Character of 
bottom. 



fne. co. S... 
fne. co. S. . . 



sctrd. Co., S. 
sctrd. Co 



S.,Sh. 

S., Sh. 

S.,Sh. 

S.,Sh. 
S.,Co. 

S.,Co. 

co. S.. 



co. S 

fne. co. S 



fne. co. S . 
co. Mss . . 



co. S 

co. S., Sh 

co. S., Sh , 

co. S 

co. S 



co. S. 



co. S 

co. S., Sh 



co. S., Sh 



co. S., Sh. 

co. S., Sh . 
co. S., Sh . 

co. S., Sh . 
co. S , 



co. S 

S.,Co.,Sh. 

Co.,Sh 



Co.,Sh..., 
co. S.,Sh. 

co. S.,Sh. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



19 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


C3 

B 

m 


a 

o 
o 

« 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


c 

C3 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 

80.5 

80.5 


"F. 
80 

81 


"F. 
57.4 


1.02457 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 




h. m. 




mi. 






(e). 
12' Tnr.; m. b. 

dip. e. 1 

dip. e. 1 


botm... 

surf 

surf 

4-8ft... 

5-12 ft.. 

surf 


20 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

2 00 
1 30 


S. 26° W.. 


1.0 




























































ashore. 












dip. e. 1 








84 

83 

84 

84 
85 

85 

83 

83 
83 

83 


80 

79 

80 

80 
80 

80 

80 

80 
80 

82 




1. 02489 












(e). 
12'Agz.;2m.b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N t 72°W.. 


0.6 










away. 








(e). 
12'Agz.;2m.b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 27° W.. 


0.6 


















(e). 
12'Agz.;2m.b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 15° E.. 


0.6 






1. 02457 




away. 




(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


04 


S. 45° E... 


0.2 






1.02477 








(e). 
12' Agz. rev.; 
m. b. 


botm... 

8-20 ft., 
surf 


20 

1 00 
1 30 


N. 70° W.. 


0.8 






















dip.; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 








81 

81 
87 

88 

89 

89 

91 

91 

88 

88 

82 

82 
85 

84 
82.5 

82.5 


78 

78 
80 

80 

80 

80 

81 

81 

77 

77 

80 

81 

80 

80 

80 

80 




1. 02461 












(e). 
12' Agz.;m. b. 


botm... 


18 


N. 13° E.. 


0.5 






1. 02503 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr, 

(e). 
12' Agz.;m. b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.;m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.;m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz., m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


11 


W 


0.5 


1 bridle-stop car- 




1. 02442 






ried away. 
Sounding lead 




botm... 


4 






carried away. 
Fouled bottom; 




1. 02514 








mudbagtorn; no 
distance made. 




botm... 


20 


N.45°W.. 


0.6 






1. 02482 








botm... 


15 


S 


.6 






1. 02468 










botm... 


20 


N.77°W.. 


1.1 






1. 02447 








botm... 


20 


S. 72° E... 


.4 






1. 02523 








botm... 


18 


S.51°E... 


.7 












81 

84 
82 

82 


78 

78 
78 

78 




1.02509 




(e). 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 














(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 10° W . 


.8 






1. 02495 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 










Net fouled bottom; 
















1 bridle stop car- 
ried away; no 
distance made. 



20 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


D. 5151 


Sulu Archipelago, Tawi Tawi 
Group. 

Sirun Id. (C), N. 58° E., 

19.3 miles (5° 24' 40" N., 

120° 27' 15" E.). 
Pajumajan Id. (W.), S. 2° 

W., 2 miles (5° 22' 55" N., 

120° 15' 45" E.). 

Dos Amigos Bay (anch.) 

Tocanhi Pt., S. 27° E., 2.10 

miles (5° 18' 10" N., 120° 

2' 55" E.). 
Bakun Pt., S. 11° W., 0.70 

mile (5° 14' 50" N., 119° 

58' 45" E.). 
Bakun Pt., N. 70° E., 1.70 

miles (5° 13' 40" N., 119° 

57' 20" E.). 

Tataan Pass, Simulac Id. 

(S. end Basun Channel). 
Simulac Id. (S. end Basun 

Channel). 

Tataan Pass (aneh.) 

Tataan Pass (Simulac Id.,rf.) 
Tinakta Id. (N.), S. 77° W., 

3.40 miles (5° 12' 50" N., 

119° 55' 55" E.). 
Tinakta Id. (N.), S.80° W., 

3.30 miles (5° 12' 30" N., 

119° 55' 50" E.). 
Tinakta Id. (N), N. 89° W., 

1.90 miles (5° 12' N., 119^ 

54' 30" E.). 
Tinakta Id. (N.), N. 82° W., 

1.40 miles (5° 11' 50" N., 

119° 54' E.). 

Simulac Id. (rf.) 

Tataan Pass (anch.) 

Tinakta Id. (N.), S. 72° W., 

2.75 miles (5° 12' 40" N., 

119° 55' 10" E.). 
Tinakta Id. (E.), N. 12° W., 

1.80 miles (5° 10' 15" N.. 

119° 53' E.). 
Tinagta Id. (S), N. 63° E., 

4.10 miles (5° 09' 55" N., 

119° 48' 55" E.). 
Tinagta Id. (S.), N. 71° W., 

5.40 miles (5° 10' N., 119° 

47' 30" E.). 

Bongao (anch.) 

Bongao (near anch.) 

Sanguisiapo Id. (rf.) 

Observation Id., N. 79° W., 

6.70 miles (4° 59' 10" N., 

119° 51' E.). 
Observation Id., S 82° W., 

8 mil&s (5° 01' 40" N.,119° 

52' 20" E.). 
Observation Id., N. 70° W., 

6.40 miles (4° 58' 20" N., 

119° 50' 30" E.). 
Observation Id., N.20° W., 

4.60 miles (4° 56' 10" N.. 

119° 46' E.). 

Simonor Id., N. side (rf.) 

Observation Id., N. 11" W., 

5.60 miles (4° 55' 10" N., 

119° 45' 30" E.). 


C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906. 

do 

do 

do 

H. O. 1852; 
Apr., 1900. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

....do 

do...... 

do 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 


1908. 
Feb. 18 

...do 

...do 

Feb. 19 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Feb. 20 

...do 

Feb. 21 
...do 

...do 

...do 

..do 

...do.... 

...do 

Feb. 22 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Feb. 24 
...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 


1.02 p. m. 

1.07 p. m. 
3.21 p. m. 

3.28 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

9.08 a. m. 
10.23 a.m. 

10.35 a. m. 
11.00 a. m. 

11.04 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 
1.30 p. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 

8.35 a. m. 

8.43 a. m. 
8.59 a. m. 

9.04 a. m. 
9.21 a. m. 

9.28 a. m. 
10.04 a. m. 

10.08 a. m. 
1.30 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
8.26 a. m. 

8.29 a. m. 

9.03 a. m. 

9.07 a. m. 
9.51 a. m. 

10:10 a. m. 
10.31 a. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

9.36 a. m. 

9.43 a. m. 
10.16 a. m. 

10.21 a. m. 
1.19 p. m. 

2.54 p. m. 

3.05 p. m. 

3.15 p. m. 
3.36 p. m. 
3.53 p. m. 


fms. 
24 

24 
34 

34 

7 
49 

49 
12 

12 

12 

12 


co. S.,Sh 




co. S.,Sh 


D. 5152 


wh. S 




wh. S 






D. 5153 


co. S.,Sh 




co. S.,Sh 


D. 5154 


co.S „ 




co. S 


D. 5155 


co. S 




co. S 




mrgn. co. Rf 










mrgn. co. Rf 

mrgn. co. Rf 




9 




mrgn. co. Rf 

fne. S.,Sh 


D. 5156 


18 

18 
18 

18 
12 

12 
10 

10 

9* 

12 

12 
16 

16 

55 

230 
230 

6 




fne. S.,Sh 


D. 5157 


fne. S 




fne. S 


D.5158 


crs. S., Sh 


D. 5159 


crs. S.,Sh 

co. S 




co. S 




mrgn. co. Rf 


D.5160 


S 




S 


D. 5161 


fne. S., blk. Sp.... 
fne. S 


H.4906 
D. 5162 


S., brk. Sh 




crs. S., brk. Sh 










sml. Clmps. Co.,S. 
CO. S 


D. 5163 


28 

28 
18 

18 
*9 

97 
97 

iio" 

110 




co. S 


D. 5164 






gn. M 


D. 5165 


Co 


D.5166 


co. S 




co.S 






D. 5167 


Co.* 




Co.* 







DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



21 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. ' 




< 


9 

CO 


a 

o 
o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 

90 

90 
87 

86 


"F. 
80 

80 
81 

81 


°F. 


1. 02489 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 




ft. m. 




mi. 






(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 86° E . . 


.4 






1. 02457 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

dip; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 
surf 


15 
1 30 


S. 56° W . . 


.5 












84 

85 
85 

88 
84 

84 


80 

80 
81 

81 
81 

81 




1. 02437 












(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm. . . 


14 


N. 27° W.. 


.4 






1.02437 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


15 


S. 42° W.. 


.3 






1.02437 








(e). 
int. 4§ 


8 fins . . 
5-30 ft.. 


21 

2 

3 00 


S.58° W.. 


.3 


20 fms. d redge 
cable out. 
























Set over night. 














5-40 ft.. 
5-40 ft.. 

surf 

6-20 ft.. 


3 00 
3 00 

30 
3 00 


































dip; e. 1 






reefs. 


















79 

79 
79 

79 
80 

80 
83 

83 


79 

79 
79 

79 
79 

79 
80 

80 




1. 02422 




Tnr.-Blish sdr 










(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


2 


S. 28° E... 


.1 






1. 02422 










(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


5 


S.29°W.. 


.2 






1. 02422 




k 




(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


4 


N.80" W.. 


.1 






1.02422 








(e). 
9' Jn. dr 


botm... 
6-20 ft., 
surf 


2 
3 00 
1 00 


S. 14° E... 


.2 






















dip. e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 








85 

85 
90 

90 
94 

90 
85 


82 

82 
82 

82 
82 

82 
82 




















(e). 
9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


3 


S. 67° W.. 


.2 


• 
















(e). 
9' Jn. dr 


botm... 


1 


S 


.1 


Net fouled bottom- 


63.5 
52.9 










1.02447 


















12' Agz.; m. b. 
dip; e. 1 


botm... 


15 


S. 9°E.... 














.4 




















Final haul Feb. 24. 














6-15 ft.. 


2 30 








91 

91 

89 

90 
84 

83 
83 


77 

77 
80 

80 
80 

81 
81 




1. 02447 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 










(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 


botm... 


4 


N.63°W.. 


.3 






1. 02442 








(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm . . 
botm... 


8 
4 


N. 30° E.. 
S 


.4 
.2 




69.4 


1.02495 
1.02644 




No sounding 






taken. 




(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
6-15 ft.. 


2 
2 00 


S.5°E.... 


(?) 


Distance recorded 








.7 mile; 1 bridle 
stop carried 
away. 


82 
82 


80 
80 




1. 02406 














12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


S. 14° W.. 


1.4 













59395°— 11- 



-12 



22 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5168 



Position. 



D. 5169 



D.5170 



H. 4907 
D.5171 



D.5172 

H.4908 
D.5173 

D.5174 



Sulu Archipelago, Tawi 
Tawi Group— Continued. 

Observation Id. N. 17° W., 
4.20 miles (4° 56' 30" N., 
119° 45' 40" E.). 

Sulu Archipelago, vicinity 
Sibutu Id. 

Sitanki (anch.) 



Sitanki (near anch.) 

Tumindao Reef S. end (rf.). 

Sibutu Id. (S. E.), N. 38° E., 

8 miles (4° 32' 15" N., 119° 

22' 45" E.). 

Sitanki wharf 

Sibutu Id. (S. end), N. 38° 

E., 13.50 miles (4° 28' N., 

119° 19' 30" E.). 



Sibutu Id. (S. end), N. 10° 

E., 13.50 miles (4° 26' N., 

119° 25' 30" E.). 

Omapui Id. ( W.), S. 22° W., 

12 miles (5° 05' N., 119° 28' E.) 



Sandakan and vicinity. 
Sandakan (near anch.) . . 
Sandakan (anch.) 



Sandakan (beach above fish- 
ermen's village). 

Vicinity ofJolo. 

Usadald., S. end (rf.) 

Jolo Lt., E., 24.75 miles (6° 
03' 15" N., 120° 35' 30" E.). 



Jolo Lt., N. 78° E., 7.50 
miles (6° 02' 30" N.. 120° 
52' 20" E.). 

Jolo Lt.,N. 82° E., 6.75 miles 
(6° 02' 55" N., 120° 53' E.). 



Jolo Lt., E. 2.60 miles (6° 03' 
45" N., 120° 57' E.). 

Jolo (anch.) 



Jolo (rf. near anch., north) . , 
Jolo (beach, west of town). . . 



Jolo (near anch.) 

Jolo (west ol anch.). 



Chart. 



C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906. 



C. S. 4722; 
Apr. ,1905. 
....do.... 
....do.... 



...do. 



.do., 
.do 



do. 

do. 



B. A. 950. . . 
....do..... 
....do 



C. S. 4722; 
Apr., 1905. 
....do 



C. S. 4542; 
Apr.,1903. 



.do. 



.do. 



.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 



.do. 



Date. 



1908. 
Feb. 25 



Feb. 25 



..do... 
Feb. 26 



Feb. 27 



...do.. 
...do.. 



..do... 

Feb. 28 



Feb. 29 

..do.... 
Mar. 1 
Mar. 2 



Mar. 5 
..do.... 



..do. 



..do. 



.do. 



.do. 



Mar. 6 
..do.... 



.do. 



Mar. 7 



Time of 
day. 



7.09 a. m. 
7.23 a. m. 

7.30 p. m. 



7.30 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 
1.30 p.m. 
8.36 a. m. 



10.00 a. m. 
11.06 a. m. 
11.17 a. m. 



12.51 p. m. 



3.21 p. m. 
3.47 p. m. 



8.15 p. m. 

8.15 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 
2.00 p. m. 



9.00 a. m. 
10.06 a. m. 

10.31 a. m. 
2.27 p. m. 

2.39 p. m. 

2.57 p. m. 

3.46 p. m. 

3.51 p. m. 
4.00 p. m. 



9.00 a. m. 
2.00 p. m. 

4.00 p.m. 
9.00 a. m. 



Depth. 



fms. 



*10 



128 

128 



S50 



250 
250 



318 

318 
171 

186 
186 
20 
20 



Character of 
bottom. 



co. S. 
co. S. 



sctrd. Clmps. Co . 
sctrd. Clmps. Co . 
co. S 



S., M., Co. 

crs. S 

crs. S 



gn. M. 



fne. co. S. 
fne. co. S. 



S., R 

sctrd. Co 

fne. S., Sh 

fne. S., Sh 

Sh., Co 

Sh., Co 

Sh., Co 

crs. S 

crs. S 

sctrd. Co 

Co., S 

S., Co., grassy 

S 



S., Co. (staghorn 
Mss.). 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 23 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


O 

s 

CO 


a 

o 
o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

03 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 
79 

79.5 


"F. 
79 

79 


"F. 


1.02386 




Luc. sdr. (e) . . 




ft. m. 




mi. 






12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
surf 


3 
1 00 


S.... 


(?) 




























Set over night. 














9-15 ft.. 
9-15 ft., 
botm... 

12-15ft. 


3 00 
3 00 

5 

1 00 
























81 


79 




1.02509 




9' Jn. dr 


8. 11° W.. 


.2 


No sounding. 




0.5 
81 

82 

76 

76 


78 
78 

79 

83 
83 




1.02426 














12' Agz.;m.b.. 


botm... 


2 


S.27°E... 


(?) 


Distance recorded, 








0.5 mile; 1 bri- 
dle stop carried 
away. 


53.5 


1.02373 


1.02462 














12' Agz.;m.b.. 
2' o. p. . 


botm... 

surf 

surf 

surf 

12ft.... 

6-12ft.. 


20 

15 

1 30 

1 30 
3 30 

2 00 


S.45 W.. 


(?) 


Distance not ob- 








tainable on ac- 
count of fog. 

Towed from steam 












dip; e. 1 

dip; e. 1 

130' seine 






launch. 
































6 hauls. 


















84 

85 
96 

99 
93 
100 
100 


82 

82 
84 

83 
• 83 
82 
82 




1.02447 










Temperatureat277 




12' Agz.;m. b.. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 
(b). 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(b). 
9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
9' Jn. dr 


botm .. 


20 


N.47°W.. 


1.0 


fms. 53.3. Den- 
sity at 277 fms. 
1.02462. 
Net slightly dam- 








aged. 




1.02518 
















botm... 


6 


E 


(?) 


Distance recorded 












0.7 mile. 








botm... 


6 


N.58°E... 


.4 












H au led and 














8ft 
4ft 


3 00 
2 00 






shifted about 7 
p. m.; not found 
on following 
morning. 












130' seine 

4 traps 






4 hauls; 1 at mouth 
















of stream. 
Hauled following 












4-10 ft.. 


3 00 






morning and at 
1 p. m. 





















24 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographiq Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart, 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5175 



D.5176 
D.5177 



D. 5178 
D. 5179 



D. 5180 

D.5181 
D. 5182 

D. 5183 

D. 5184 
D.5185 
D. 5186 

D. 5187 



Sulu Sea, S. E. of Cagayanes 
Ids. 

Manucan Id. (E.), N. 45° 
W., 23.25 miles (9°21'N., 
121° 37' 45" E.)- 

Manila Bay. 

Manila Bay (Luneta beach). . 

Cavite (Sangley Pt. beach). . 

Verde Id. Passage. 

Escarceo Lt., S. 57° E., 7 

miles (13° 35' 15" N., 120° 

53' 20" E.). 
Escarceo Lt., S. 53° E., 5.80 

miles (13° 35' N., 120° 54' 

36" E.). 

Vicinity of Romblon. 

Pt. Origon (N.), S. 5° E., 2.30 

miles (12° 43' N., 122° 06' 

15" E.). 
Romblon Lt., S. 56° E., 4.50 

miles (12° 38' 15" N., 122° 

12' 30" E.). 
Romblon Harbor (rf. S. of 

Agbatan Pt.). 

Romblon (anch.) 

Romblon (beach at Binagon 

and Agpatan Pts.). 
Romblon (rf. E. of Sabang 

Pt.). 
Romblon (rf. E. side Rosas 

Pt.). 
Romblon Lt., N. 6° 30' E., 

7.10 miles (12° 28' 30" N., 

122° 15' E.). 

Off eastern Panay. 

Antonia Id. (S.), S. 63° W., 

6.60 miles (11° 36' 40" N., 

123° 26' 35" E.). 
Antonia Id. (8.), N., 43° W., 

3.70 miles (11° 30' 40" N., 

123° 23' 20" E.). 

Between Panay and Ncgros. 

Lusaran Lt., S. 29° E., 4 
miles (10° 32' 48" N., 122° 
26' E.). 

Lusaran Lt., N. 22° E., 11.25 

miles (10° 18' 30" N., 122° 

23' 30" E.). 
Lusaran Lt.,'N. 23° E., 25.50 

miles (10° 05' 45" N., 122° 

18' 30" E.). 
Lusaran Lt., N. 20° E., 37.80 

miles (9° 53' 30" N., 122° 

15'30"E.). 

Tanon Strait, east coast of 
Negros. 

Apo Id.. S. 21° W.j 12.50 
miles (9° 16' 45" N., 123° 
21' 15" E.). 



C. S. 4717; 
Feb., 1903. 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 
....do.... 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb.,1907. 

....do.... 



C. S. 4714; 
June,1906. 



.do.... 



C. S. 4442; 
Mar., 1907. 
....do.... 
....do 



do...:. 

....do 

C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 



C. S. 4417; 
Feb., 1905. 

do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 



....do 

....do 

....do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 



1908. 
Mar. 8 



Mar. 16 
Mar. 23 



Mar. 24 
..do 



Mar. 25 
..do... 

...do... 

...do... 
Mar. 26 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 



Mar. 27 
..do 

Mar. 30 

..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 

Mar. 31 



7.22 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

7.01 p. m. 
7.33 p. m. 

8.35 a. m. 

8.51 a. m. 
10.41 a. m. 
10.49 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 

7.32 p. m. 



8.46 a. m. 
9.43 a. m. 



9.51 a. m. 



10.27 a. m 
10.51 a. m. 



1.09 p. m. 
1.53 p.m. 

4.39 p. m. 
5.26 p. m. 

8.01 p. m. 



1.06 p. m. 
1.26 p.m. 



fms. 



S., M. 
S 



*260 
*260 



73 



fne. S. 



fne. S. 
hrd. S. 
hrd. S. 



Mss. staghorn Co 



S.,Co 

rnrgn.Clmps. Co.. 
co. Clmps 



26 



565 
565 



638 
638 



M.,fne. S. 

M.,fne. S. 
fne. S., M. 

fne. S., M. 



sft. gn. M . 
sft. gn. M. 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 



225 
225 



sft. gn. M 

sft. gn. M 



DREDGING AND HYDROGEAPHIC EECORDS. 25 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 






9 
05 




o 
o 

ffl 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

5 


Remarks. 

i 


"F. 
82 


°F 
82 


°F. 






int. 4.. 


surf 

4ft 
10ft... 

surf 

25fms.. 


h. m. 

20 

1 30 

2 30 

21 

20 
1.5 


N. 7°E... 


mi. 
1.3 










130' seine 

130' seine 

int. 4.. 


bottom at 70 
fms. 


















80 
80 

80 

80 
81 
81 


79 
79 

80 

80 
81 
81 








S. 72° E... 
E 


1.0 
0.9 










int. 4 § 

Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


40 fms. dredge 
cable out. 




1.02515 


1.02516 




12' Agz.;3m.b 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


N.84°W.. 


2.0 


trip. 


75.7 












12' Agz.;3m.b 
dyn 


botm... 
8-15 ft., 
surf 


15 
3 00 
2 00 


N.81°W.. 


1.3 












• 










dip; e. 1 

150' seine 


































dyn 


10-20 ft. 
8-15 ft., 
surf 


3 00 

1 30 

20 


















dyn 






Interrupted by 
rain. 


79 

80 

80 
81 

81 

83 
84 

90 
92 

81 
81 

81 

87 
87 


80 

80 

80 
80 

80 

81 
81 

83 
82 

82 
82 

80 

81 
81 




1. 02530 
1.02544 




int. 4 


S.5°E.... 


(?) 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
9' Jn. dr 






botm... 


4 


S. 46°W.. 


.3 






1.02515 








botm... 


8 


S. 39° W.. 


.7 




63.4 


1. 02489 


1. 02551 


55 fms. 


12'Agz.;3m.b. 
Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


botm... 


20 


S. 78° W.. 


.7 


Veered from 192 to 


49.8 


1.02489 


1.02505 


250 fms. during 
haul. 


12'Agz.;3m.b. 
Luc. sdr. (b). . 


botm. . . 


20 


S. 52° W.. 


2.0 




49.8 


1.02481 


1. 02492 




int.4§ 

int. 4 


550 fms. 
surf 


20 

48 
20 


S. 64° W.. 
S. 4°W... 


2.5 

.8 


1,000 fms. dredge 


53.6 


1.02530 
1.02475 




cable out. 


1. 02492 






9' Jn. dr 


botm... 


11 


S. 79° W.. 


.6 


Lashing slipped; 








catch lost. 



26 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.51S8 
D.5189 
D. 5190 



D. 5191 



D.5192 
D.5193 
D. 5194 
D.5195 
D. 5196 



D.5197 
D. 5198 



D. 5199 
D.5200 

P. 5201 
D.5202 
D.5203 



Tanon Strait, east coast of 
Negros— Continued. 

Port Bais (anch.) 



Pescador Id., N. 16° E., 14 

miles (9° 44' N., 123° 14' 

20" E.). 
Pescador Id., N. 72° E., 3.30 

miles (9° 5G' 30" N., 123° 

15' E.). 
Pescador Id., S. 9° E., 10.70 

miles (10° 08' 15" N., 123° 

16' 45" E.). 

Guiiulugan (beach) 

Kefugio Id. (S.), S. 74° W., 

5.50 miles (10° 29' 45" N., 

123° 31' 15" E.). 
Balamban (anch.) 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 
....do 



...do 



.do... 



.do.... 
.do.... 



.do. 



1908. 
Mar. 31 

Apr. 1 
..do.... 
..do... 



Apr. 2 
...do 



.do. 



Off northern Cebu Id. 

Jilantaguan Id. (E.), N. 13° 

W., 3 miles (11° 09' 15" N., 

123° 50' E.). 
Chocolate Id., N. 77° E., 8 

miles (11° 10' 45" N., 123° 

55' 45" E.). 
Chocolate Id., N. 6C° W., 8 

miles (11° 15' 30" N., 124° 

11' E.). 
Capitancillo Id. Lt., N., 

11.75 miles (10° 47' N., 124° 

06' 30" E.). 
Capitancillo Lt., N. 5° 30' 

W., 14.30 miles (10° 44' 

30" N., 124° 07' 30" E.). 
Mactan Cove, S. E. shore 

(rf.). 
Mactan Id. (shore, opposite 

Cebu). 

Vicinity western Bohol. 

Mantacao Id., S. side (rf.)... 

Mantacao Id., S. side (beach). 

Mantacao Id. (anch. ) 

Baliscasag Id., S., 22 miles 

(9° 52' 30" N., 123° 40' 45" 

E.). 
Baliscasag Id.,S. 6° E., 10.25 

miles (9° 40' 50" N., 123° 

39' 45" E.). 
Tagbilaran Channel (beach 

onBohol side near S. anch.). 
PamilacanId.(E.),S.61°W., 

6.25 miles (9° 31' 50" N., 

124° 40" E.). 
PamilacanId.(E.).S.66°W., 

7.25 miles (9° 31' 50" N., 

124° 02' 05" E.). 

Sogod Bay, southern Leyte Id. 

Limasaua Id. (E.), S. 1° E., 

14.80 miles (10° 10' N., 125° 

04' 15" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (E.), S.2°E., 

16.70 miles (10° 12' N., 125° 

04' 10" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 38° W., 

5.50 miles (9° 58' N., 125° 

07' 40" E.). 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 

....do 



....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 

....do 

....do 

....do... 



..do 



..do. 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1904. 



.do 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1904. 

....do 



....do. 



Apr. 3 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Apr. 6 
Apr. 7 

Apr. 8 

...do 

...do..... 
Apr. 9 

...do.... 

...do... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

Apr. 10 
...do.... 
...do.... 



8.00 p. m. 

10.21 a. m. 

10.44 a. m. 

1.08 p. m. 
1.33 p. m 

4.16 p. m. 
4.39 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
2.58 p. m. 
3.26 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 



9.28 a. m. 

9.40 a. m. 
11.03 a. m. 

11.12 a. m. 
1.58 p. m. 
2.15 p.m. 

7.03 p. m. 

7.42 p. m. 

10.00 a. m. 
8.00 a. m. 



3.00 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 
8.34 a. m. 
8.55 a. m. 

11.05 a. m. 
11.25 a. m. 

3.00 p.m. 

7.30 p. m. 

8.07 p. m. 



8.24 a. m. 
9.13 a. m. 

10.31 a. m. 
11.07 a. m. 

2.21 p. m. 
3.47 p. m, 



fms. 



299 

299 



300 
300 



295 
295 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 
gn. M. 



2oS 
258 



32 

32 

71 

71 
148 
148 



S., G., grassy. 

gn. M 

gn. M 



gn. S.. 

gn. S.. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 
gn. M. 
gn. M. 



10 
174 
174 

220 

220 



554 
554 



502 
502 



775 

775 



mrgn. Clmps. Co. 
honev-combed Rf 



mrgn. Mss. Co. 
S 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 
gn. M. 



S., grassy. 



gy. S., M 
gy. S., M 

gy. M... 
gy. M... 

gn. M... 
gn. M... 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 27 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


03 


i 

o 
o 

pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

a 
S 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


°F. 


"F. 






dip; e. 1 

Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


surf 


K. m. 
3 30 




mi. 




82.5 
84.5 

85 
89 

92.5 
90 


81 
81 

82 

82 

83 
83 


62.6 


1.02475 


1.02502 








12Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N.63° W.. 


.6 




62.8 


1.02468 


1.02495 




12 Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 70° E.. 


1.0 




63 


1.02468 


1.02482 




int.4§ 

150' seine 


250 fms. 
9 ft 


20 

20 

3 00 


N.43°W.. 


.8 


400 fms. dredge 
cable out. 








93 
91.5 


83 
83 


62.8 


1.02497 


1.02516 








12' Agz.;3m.b. 
dip; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 
surf 


20 
1 30 


S. 88° W.. 


.9 












82 

82 
86 

90 
85 
84 

82.5 
81.5 


82 

82 
82 

82 
83 
83 




1.02518 








• 




(b). 

9' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 


botm. . . 


3 


N.45°W.. 


.2 






1.02503 








(e). 
12'Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N.44°W.. 


1.3 




56.5 


1.02447 


1.02597 




12'Agz.;3m.b. 
int. 4 


botm... 
surf 

surf 

10-20 ft. 


20 
20 

20 

2 00 
2 00 

2 30 

2 30 
1 00 


S. 25° W.. 
S.22°30'E. 


.8 
1.5 




84 




1.02514 
1.02518 




No sounding. 


82 






int. 4 


Ship steered in 










circle. 
High water. 


















Tide pools. 














10-30 ft. 

5 ft 
surf 


















130' seine 

dip; e. 1 






6 hauls. 


















89 
91 

84 


81 
81 

81 


54.3 


1.02489 


1.02513 








12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 58° W.. 


1.0 




53.9 


1. 02434 


1.02500 




12' Agz.;3m.b. 

130' seine 

int. 4 


botm. . . 
6ft .. 
surf 

surf 


20 i 


1.1 














1 00 
20 

18 




3 hauls. 


S3 
82.5 

80 
85 

80 
79 

82 
83 


79 

79 

79 
80 

80 
80 

80 
81 


52.8 


1.02530 
1. 02468 

1.02440 




E 


.6 






int. 4 




Ship steered in 
circle. 


1.02497 








12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


S. 24° W . . 


1.5 


Veered 112 fms. ca- 


(?) 


1.02440 


1.02457 


ble during haul. 
Therm, failed to 


12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


20 


(?) 


(?) 


trip. 


52.9 


1.02468 


1.02606 




12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


31 


N. 72° W.. 


2.7 


Veered from 1,200 








to 1,330 fms. dur- 
ing haul. 



28 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No 



D. 5204 



D. 5205 



D. 5206 
D. 5207 
D. 5208 
D.5209 



D. 5210 



D. 5211 



D. 5212 
D. 5213 



Position. 



Off east coast of Leyte Id. 

Mariquitdaquit Id. , N. 88' 
E., 3.50 miles (11° 04' 18" N. 
125° 05' 30" E.). 

Tacloban (anch.) 

Tacloban (near anch.) 



Caguayan Pt., N. 2° E., 0.70 
mile (11° 19' 30" N., 124° 58' 
05" E.). 



San Januico Strait, N. of Na- 
babuy Id. (rf.).a 

Off western Samar. 

Badian Id. (N.), N. 27° E., 

5.75 miles (11° 31' 40" N., 

124° 42' 40" E.). 
Badian Id. (N.), S. 74° E., 

4.70 miles (11° 38' 05" N., 

124° 40' 45" E.). 
Taratara Id. (N.), S. 07° 30' 

E., 4.10 miles '11° 45' 53" 

N., 124° 42' 50" E.). 
Taratara Id. (N.), S. 53° W., 

1.80 miles (11° 45' 25" N., 

124° 48' 05" E.). 

Catbalogan (Pamuntangan 

Rf.). 
Catbalogan (near anch.) 



Catbalogan (beach above 

Aguada Pt.). 
Catbalogan (Pamuntangan 

Rf.). 
Catbalogan (Quinituay Rf.).. 

Catbalogan (Lutao Rf. and 

Anas Pt.). 
Catbalogan (Quinituay Rf., 

beach). 
Catbalogan (Quinituay Rf.) . 

Limbancauavan Id. (E.), N. 
1° W., 3.00 miles (11° 49' 
55" N., 124° 28' 05" E.). 

East of Mashate Id. 

Panalangan Pt., Talajit Id., 
N. 33° E., 5.25 miles (11° 
51' 35" N., 124° 14' E.). 

Cataingan Bay (upper rf., 
inside Dumurug Pt.). 

Cataingan Bay, Dumurug 
Pt. (beach). 

Cataingan Bay (upper rf., 
inside Dumurug Pt.). 



Cataingan Bay (anch.) 

Panalangan Pt., S. 54° 30' E., 

14.50 miles (12° 04' 15" N., 

124° 04' 3(i" E.). 
Destacado Id. (S.),'N. 87° E., 

8.50 miles (12° 15' N., 123° 

57' 30" E.). 
Masbate (rf . N. of town) 



Chart. 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1904. 



.do. 

.do. 



....do... 



..do. 



C. S. 4420; 
May, 1907. 

....do.... 



C. S. 4451; 
June, 1904. 

..do.... 



.do. 
.do. 



..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 

C. S. 4420; 
May, 1907. 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 



C. S. 4455; 
Sept., 1904. 
do 

....do 



....do 

C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 

....do 



.do.... 



Date. 



1908. 
Apr. 11 



Apr. 12 
..do 

Apr. 13 



...do.... 

Apr. 14 
...do... 
...do... 
...do... 

...do... 
...do... 



Apr. 15 

..do... 

..do... 

Apr. 16 

..do... 

..do... 

Apr. 17 



Apr. 17 

..do 

Apr. 18 

..do 

Apr. 19 

..do 

Apr. 20 

..do 



..do., 
o One boat made collections up the Silaga 



Time of 
day. 



8.00 p. m, 
8.00 p. m, 



1.00 p. m, 



10.02 a. m. 
11.22 a. m. 

11.27 a. m. 
12.53 p. m. 

12.59 p. m. 
2.03 p. m. 

2.13 p.m. 
2.13 p. m. 
4.00 p. m. 



7.00 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

1.30 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 

10.17 a. m. 
10.30 a. m. 
10.30 a. m. 



1.0.5 p. m. 
1.20 p. m. 

1.20 p. m. 
4.00 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 
8.29 a. m. 
8.45 a. m. 

10.38 a. m. 



10.47 a. m. 
3.00 p. m. 

River for a few miles. 



Depth. 



fms. 



32 



155 
155 



20 
10S 
108 



SO 



Character of 
bottom. 



gn. M. 
M.,S.. 



staghorn Co., R . 



gn. M. 



gn. M 

gn. M., S 

gn. M.,S 

sft. gn. M 

sft. gn. M 

gn. M 



gn. M 

sft.Co'i's.V. 



S.,M 

sft. Co., algae. 



staghorn Clmps. 

Co.,R. 
Co., R 



S.,Co 

staghorn Mss., Co. 
R. 

fne. gy. S 

fne. gy. S 



gn. M.,S 



S., sctrd. Clmps. 
staghorn Co. 



S., sctrd. Clmps 
staghorn Co. 

S., sctrd. Clmps. 
staghorn Co. 



gv.S.,M , 

gy.S.,M 

S.,M.,Sh 



S.,M.,Sh. 
Co.,R 



DREDGING AND HYDEOGBAPHIC EECOEDS. 29 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 






f-i 

3 
03 


s 

o 

o 

pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


aj 
a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 
84 


°F. 
82 


"F. 


1. 02391 




12'Agz.;3m.b. 
dip; e. 1 


botm... 


h. m. 
21 


N.57" W.. 


mi. 

1.0 


Sounding with 
hand lead. 






















Hauled following 
morning. 


84 


83 




1. 02448 




12' Agz.;3m.b. 












3-10 ft. . 


3 00 






trawl lost; mud 
bag only recov- 
ered; sounding 
with hand lead. 


83 

83 
86 

85 
84 

84 
81 

81 
81 


83 

83 
84 

84 

84 

84 
84 

84 
84 




1.02406 




Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b.. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b.. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b.. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b.. 
K2 










botm... 


20 


N.18° W.. 


.7 






1.02395 








botm... 


15 


N. 16° E... 


.5 






1.02483 








botm... 


20 


N.27°E... 


.6 






1.02493 








botm... 

surf 

12-15 ft. 


20 

10 

1 00 


S. 28° E... 
S. 28° E... 


.6 
.3 


Mud bag lost. 
Towed alongside. 
































Finally hauled on 
Apr. 17. 












130' seine 


6 ft 

12-15ft. 
4-20 ft.. 
8-30 ft.. 
6 ft 


3 00 
3 00 
3 00 
3 00 
































dyn 
























Coral unthrifty. 












150' seine 
















4-30 ft.. 


2 30 






2 boats useu. 


82 
83 
83 

83 

84 

84 


84 
83 
83 

84 
84 

84 


76.3 


1. 02406 


1. 02523 










12' Agz.;m. b.. 
K2 


botm... 
surf 


ii 
n 


N.i" w... 
N.l° W... 


.2 

.2 










Towed alongside. 


56.6 


1. 02482 


1. 02509 




int. 4§ 

K2* 


(?) 

surf 

6-10 ft.. 


20 
10 
20 

1 30 

2 30 

3 00 
1 00 


N.31° W.. 
N.31" W.. 


1.7 
1.7 


200 fms. dredge 








cable out. 
Towed alongside. 




























5 hauls. 














6-10 ft.. 
6-10 ft.. 




































dip; e. 1 








82 
83 

82 

85 


80 
80 

81 

81 


59.9 


1.02467 


1.02476 












12' Agz.;m. b.. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.;m.b.. 
dyn 


botm. . . 


20 


N.21° W.. 


.9 


Veered 8 fms. dur- 




1.02489 




ing haul. 




botm... 
6-25 ft.. 


20 
2 00 


N.22°W.. 


.8 













30 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5214 
D.5215 



D.5216 
D.5217 
D.5218 



D.5219 



D.5220 
D.5221 
D. 5222 
D.5223 
D.5224 

D.5225 
D.5226 



East of Masbate Id. — Cont'd. 
Masbate (near anch.) 



Masbate (anch.) do 



Palanog Lt., Masbate, S. 17' 

W., 2.60 miles (12° 25' 18" 

N., 123° 37' 15" E.). 
Palanog Lt., S. 5° 30' E., 8.50 

miles (12° 31' 30" N., 123° 

35' 24" E.). 

Between Burias and Luzon. 
Port San Miguel (beach) 

Port San Miguel (rf. N. of 

Purold.). 

Port San Miguel (anch.) 

AnimaSola Id., N. 44° \\\, 

29.50 miles (12° 52' N., 123° 

23' 30" E.). 
AnimaSola Id., N. 42° W., 

17.30miles(13°20"N.,123° 

14' 15" E.). 
Anima Sola Id. (E.), N. 10° 

W., 2 miles (13° 11' 15" N., 

123° 02' 45" E.). 

Burias Id., Port Busin (pt. 

below fort rf.). 
Buriasld., Port Busin(anch.) 
Port Busin (pt. below fort, rf.) 
Port Busin (beach at fort pt.) 

Between Marinduque and 
Luzon. 

Mompog Id. (NE.), N. 35° 
30' W., 12.25 miles (13° 21' 
N., 122° 18' 45" E.). 

Santa Cruz Harbor Marin- 
duque (anch.). 

Santa Cruz Id. (SE.) 

Santa Cruz Id. (SE.) 



Chart. 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 



San Andreas Id. (W.), S. 57° 

W., 8.50 miles (13° 38' N., 

121° 58' E.). 
San Andreas Id. (W.), S. 27° 

E., 5.50 miles (13° 38' 15" 

N., 121° 48' 15" E.). 
San Andreas Id. (W.), S. 57° 

E., 9.20 miles (13° 38' 30" 

N., 121° 42' 45" E.). 
Malabrigo Lt., W., 9.80 

miles (13° 36' N., 121° 25' 

30" E.). 
Malabrigo Lt., N. 79° W., 

6.25 miles (13° 34' 50" N., 

121° 21' 45" E.). 

China Sea, south of Corregidor. 

Corregidor Lt., N. 10° E., 

9.50 miles (14° 13' 24" N., 

120° 32' 36" E.). 
Corregidor Lt., N. 10° E., 

10.70 miles (14° 12' 15" N., 

120° 32' 24" E.). 



..do. 



..do. 



C. S. 4454: 

May, 1906. 

....do 



....do.... 

C. S. 4715; 

Apr., 1907. 

....do.... 



..do.... 



C. S. 4454; 
May, 1906. 

do 

do 

do.... 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 

C. S. 4453; 
July, 1908. 

do.... 

do.... 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 

do.... 



....do.... 
....do.... 
do.... 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 



...do... 



Date. 



1908. 
Apr. 20 



..do... 
Apr. 21 



..do. 



Apr. 21 

..do.... 

..do.... 
Apr. 22 



..do.... 
..do.... 

..do... 

..do... 
Apr. 23 
..do. . . 

Apr. 23 

..do... 

Apr. 24 
..do... 

..do... 
..do... 
..do... 
...do... 
..do... 

May 4 
..do.... 



Time of 
day. 



5.30 p. m. 

5.30 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 
8.59 a. m. 
9.19 a. m. 

10.27 a. m. 
11.32 a. m. 



3.00 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 

7.00 p.m. 
8.19 a. m. 
8.36 a. m. 

10.31 a. m. 
10.44 a. m. 

12.58 p. m. 

1.05 p. m. 

3.00 p.m. 

8.00 p. m, 
5.30 a. m. 
5.30 a. m. 



1.57 p. m. 
2.37 p. m. 

8.00 p.m. 

6.00 a. m. 
8.30 a. m. 

12.57 p. m. 

1.06 p. m. 
3.05 p. m. 
3.25 p. m. 

4.33 p.m. 
4.49 p. m. 

7.47 p. m. 



8.24 p. m. 



7.06 p. m. 
7.45 p. m. 



Depth. 



fms. 



20 
218 
218 

604 
604 



19 
215 
215 

105 
105 

20 

20 



530 
530 



12 



50 

50 

193 
193 

195 
195 



Character of 
bottom. 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 
gn. M. 



S 

S., mrgn. Clmps 
Co. 

gn. M 

gn. M 

crs. gy. S 

crs. gy. S 

crs. S 

crs. S , 

mrgn. co. Rf 

mrgn. co. Rf 

S.,R.,Co 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 



mrgn. Co. 

S., grassy. 

sft. gn. M. 

sft. gn. M. 

gn. M 

gn. M 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



31 






Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 

.2 

CO 


a 

o 

o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


B 
S3 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


"F. 


'F. 










h.m. 




mi. 


Hauled following 
morning. 












2 wire traps... 
dip; e. 1 




















surface . 


1-30 








81 
81 

82 
82 


82 
81 

81 
82 


51.4 


1.02475 


1.02485 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc.sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


N. 36° E.. 


1.0 




50.5 


1.02440 


1.02441 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
150' seine 


botm... 

15ft ... 
6-30 ft., 
surface. 


20 

2 30 

2 30 

3 00 


B. 77° E... 


1.2 






































dip; e. 1 

Luc. sdr. (a). . 








80 
80 

83 
85 

86 

86 


80 
80 

82 
81 

82 

82 


51.9 


1. 02481 


1. 02465 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a). . 


botm... 


20 


N. 42° W.. 


1.5 




63.1 


1.02489 


1.02496 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 45°W.. 


1.2 






1. 02538 








(e). 
9' Jn. dr 


botm... 

10-30 ft. 

surface . 
10-30 ft. 
6 ft ... . 


5 

2 00 

2 00 
1 30 
1 30 


N. 16° W.. 


.2 






















dip; e. 1 


































150' seine 






3 hauls. 


84 
86 


86 
87 


50.8 


1.02468 


1.02467 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 

surface. 

6-15 ft.. 
4ft 


20 
2 00 
1 00 


N. 27° E.. 


1.5 






































150' seine 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 






5 hauls; beach in- 


87 

87 
85 
85 

85 
86 

83 
83 

85 
85 


85 

85 
84 
84 

85 

85 

84 

84 

84 
83 




1.02493 












side reef. 




botm... 


14 


N.54°W.. 


.7 




52.4 


1.02503 


1.02467 




12' Agz.;m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 21° W.. 


1.0 




52.8 


1.02470 


1.02447 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
int. 4 


botm... 
surface. 

surface . 

40fms.. 
surface . 


20 
20 

10 

20 
(?) 

20 


N.20°W.. 
S. 69° W . . 

N.80°W.. 
S 


1.7 
1.8 

.4 

.9 

.8 


















int. 4 






1.02448 
1. 02514 




int.4§ 

int. 4 


Record Incom- 




S 


plete. 











32 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5227 

D. 5228 

D. 5229 

D. 5230 
D, 5231 
D. 5232 
D. 5233 
D. 5234 



D. 5235 



D. 5236 



D. 5237 



D. 5238 



East of Mindoro. 

Pt. Origon, S. 44° E., 18.30 

miles (12° 53' 45" N., 121° 
52' 30" E.). 

South of Romblon. 

Romblon Lt., N. 3° E., 6.25 

miles (12° 29' 30" N., 122° 
15' 45" E.). 

Between Cebu and Leyte. 

Talong Id. (E.), S. 17° W., 
5.75 miles (10° 48' 45" N., 
124° 21' 15" E.). 

Between Bohol and Leyte. 

Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 68° E., 

22.50 miles (10° 01' 50" N., 

124° 42' 30" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 68° E., 

21.70 miles (10° 01' 15" N., 

124° 43' 15" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 69° E., 

20.60 miles (10° 00' 45" N. 

124° 44' 06" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 70° E., 

19.50 miles (10° 00' 22" N., 

124° 45' 06" E.). 
Limasaua Id. (S.), S. 70° 30' 

E.,18.50miles(10°N., 124° 

46'06"E.). 

Pacific Ocean, east coast Min- 
danao. 

Surigao (beach near Bilan 
Bilan). 

Surigao (rf. above Bilan Bi- 
lan). 

Nagubat Id. (S.), S. 58° W., 
7 miles (9° 43' N., 125° 48' 
15" E.). 

Generale Id. (S. W. shore, 

beach). 

Generale Id. (rf.) 

Generale Id.(Capunuypugan 

Pt., rf.). 

Generale Id. (rf.) 

Magabao Id. (S.), N. 85° W., 

9.10 miles (8° 50' 45" N., 

126° 26' 52" E.). 



Lianga Bay (rf. S. of town). 



Lianga Bay (anch.) 

Sanco Pt. Id. (N.), N. 69° W., 

5 75 miles (8° 09' 06" N., 

126° 31' 45" E.). 

Pt. Lambajon, S. 65° W., 

4.30 miles (7° 34' 45" N., 

126° 38' 15" E.). 
Baganga Bay (rf. inside Pt. 

Lacud). 
Baganga Bay (S. W. shore, 

beach). 
Baganga Bay (W. shore, 

beach). 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1904. 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1904. 

do 



..do. 



....do. 



..do. 



C. S. 4644: 

July, 1905. 

....do 

C. S. 4719: 
Aug., 1904. 



.do... 



.do.... 
.do.... 



....do... 
....do... 



do. 



....do 

C. S. 4724; 
Oct., 1909. 



1908. 
May 5 



May 5 

May 7 

May 7 

..do 

..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



May 8 

..do 

May 9 

..do 

..do.... 
May 10 

..do 

May 11 

..do.... 



..do.... 

May 12 



....do. 



.do.... 
.do.... 
.do.... 



..do.... 

May 13 
..do.... 
..do.... 



fms. 

1.04 p.m. 322 

1.30 p.m. 322 



7.02 p. m. 
7.02 p.m. 



9.34 a. m. I *290 
9.55 a. m. *290 



7.03 p. m. 
7.13 p.m. 
7.13 p.m. 
7.48 p. m. 



8.25 p. m. 
9.00 p. m. 
9.42 p. m. 



8.30 a. m. 

1.30 p.m. 

9.24 a. m. 

9.30 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
10.27 a. m. 
11.02 a. m. 

4.00 p. m. 



8.00 p. m. 
10.11 a. m. 
10.42 a. m. 



3.00p. m. 
3.28 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 



118 
118 
118 



494 
494 



15 

249 
249 



380 
380 



gn. M. 



gy. S. 



M.,S., Co., grassy 

R., co. Clmps 

sft. M 

sft.M 

S., Co., grassy 

mrgn. Co 

mrgn. Co 



fne. gy. S. 
f ne. gy. S . 



co. Mss., algae .. 



gn. M 

gn. M 
gn. M 

mrgn. 

S 


(?) 






Co 




S., 


G 





DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 33 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 

"F. 
86 

85 

84 
84 

86 
86 

84 
84 
84 

85 

83.5 

83 

83 


O 

.2 

3 

02 

"F. 

86 
87 

85 
85 

85 
85 

84 
84 
84 

84 

84 
84 

84 


s 

o 
o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


Q 

a 

03 

3 


Remarks. 


"F. 


1.02498 




Luc. sdr. (a) . . 




ft. m. 




mi. 






Int. 4 § 

int. 4 


290 fms. 

surface, 
surface. 


20 
18 

20 
20 


S. 30° E... 

S. 30° E... 
S. 30° E... 


0.6 

.6 
.6 


400 fms. dredge 
cable out. 




1. 02519 






K2,K5J 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 






1. 02525 








(e). 
int. 4; K2,K5§ 

Luc. sdr. (a).. 




20 
11 


S. 17° W.. 


.5 


225 fms. dredge 
cable out. 


57.6 


1.02477 


1.02496 




int. 4 


surface . 
surface. 
80 fms. . 

surface . 

100 fms. 

15 fms.. 

6-30 ft.. 
6-15 ft.. 


20 

' 20 

20 

7 

20 

20 
9 

20 
2 

3 00 

4 00 


S. 63° E... 
S. 63° E... 
S. 63° E... 

S. 63° E... 

S. 63° E... 

S. 63° E... 


.6 
.6 

.4 

.6 

.8 
.4 










K2, K5J 

int. 4; K2,K5§ 

int. 4 






1.02531 
1.02531 
1.02514 
1.02531 




125 fms. dredge ca- 
ble out. 






int. 4; K2, K5 § 
int. 4; K2, K5 § 

150' seine 


150 fms. dredge ca- 
ble out. 






ble out. 
5 hauls. 


















84 

84 


86 
86 




1.02475 




Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12'Agz.;3in.b. 

150' seine 










botm... 

6-8 ft... 

12-20 ft. 
12-20 ft. 

4-15 ft.. 


20 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

2 00 


S. 56° E... 


.6 


1 bridle stop car- 








ried away. 
5 hauls. 














































dyn 








87 
86 


85 
86 


41.2 


1.02453 


1.02522 










12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 

12ft.... 
surface. 


20 

30 
30 


S. 4°E.... 


2.5 


Bridle stops car- 








ried away; net 
capsized; catch 
saved. 
Seining party 












dip; e. 1 






failed to find 
suitable beach. 


85 
85 

91 

85 


85 
85 

86 
86 


46.4 


1.02477 


1.02482 








12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 


17 


S.3° E.... 


2.1 


Veered at intervals 


43.0 


1.02453 


1.02459 


from 450 to 550 
fms. 


12' Agz.;3m.b. 


botm... 
4-20 ft.. 
10-20 ft. 


20 
2 00 


S. 15° W.. 


2.5 










Roily, brackish 












130' seine 

250' seine 






water. 
7 hauls. 












30 ft 








3 hauls. River ex- 




















plored. 



34 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
/ bottom. 



D. 5239 

D. 5240 
D. 5241 
D. 5242 

D. 5243 
D. 5244 
D.5245 

D. 5246 



D.5247 
D.5248 

D.5249 

D. 5250 
D. 5251 
D. 5252 
D. 5253 
D. 5254 
D. 5255 



Pujada Bay and vicinity. 

Uanivan Id. (N.), N. 78° E. 
2.25 miles (6° 49' 08" N. 
126° 15' 12" E.). 



Uanivan Id. (N.), E., 2.40 
miles (6° 49' 36" N. ,126° 
15' E.). 

Uanivan Id. (N.), S. 68° E., 

3 miles (6° 50' 45" N., 126° 
14'38"E.). 

Uanivan Id. (N.), S. 56° E., 

4 miles (6° 51' 53" N., 120° 
14' 10" E.). 

Pujada Bay (rf. S. of Tatai- 

daga Pt.). 
Pujada Bay (beach both 

sides Mati.). 
Uanivan Id. (N.), S. 60° E., 

3.10 miles (6° 50' 55" N., 

126° 14' 35" E.). 
Uanivan Id. (N.), S. 52° 30' 

E., 4 miles (6° 52' 05" N., 

126° 14' 15" E.). 
Uanivan Id. (N.), S. 41° E., 

4 miles (6° 52' 36" N., 126° 

14'52"E.). 

Pacific Ocean, east of Min- 
danao. 

Luban Id. (N.), S. 58° W., 
4.6 miles (6° 29' 15" N., 126° 
18'45"E.). 

Gulf of Davao. 

Beach east of Davao town. . . 

Dumalagld. (S.). S. 78° W., 

3.8 miles (7° 02' N., 125° 

38' 45" E.). 
Lanang Pt., S. 33° W., 0.40 

mile (7° 07' 25" N., 125° 40' 

24" E.). 

Lanang Pt., N. 1 mile (7° 06' 
06" N., 125° 40' 08" E.). 



Linao Pt., N. 22° E., 1.1 

miles (7° 05' 07" N., 125° 

39' 45" E.). 
Linao Pt., N. 32° E., 1.1 

miles (7° 05' 12" N., 125° 

39' 35" E.). 
Linao Pt,, N. 22° E., 1.5 

miles (7° 04' 48" N., 125° 

39' 38" E.). 
Linao Pt., N. 22° E., 1.5 

miles (7° 04' 48" N., 125° 

39' 38" E.). 
Linao Pt., N. 44° E., 0.7 

mile (7° 05' 42" N., 125° 

39' 42" E.). 
Dumalag Id. (S.), S. 65° W., 

4.5 miles (7° 03' N.. 125° 39' 

E.). 



C. S. 4646; 
Jan., 1905. 



...do..... 
...do 

...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 



C. S. 4724; 
Oct., 1909. 



C. S. 4724; 

Oct., 1909. 

do 



C, S. 4648; 
Sept., 1907. 



....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 



1908. 
May 14 



...do 

...do 

...do 

May 15 
...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 



May 15 

May 16 

May 18 

...do... 

..do... 

...do... 
...do... 
...do... 
...do... 
...do... 
...do... 



12.44 p. m. 
1.02 p. m. 



1.33 p. m. 
1.49 p. m. 
2.24 p. m. 
3.05 p. m. 

3.46 p. m. 
4.03 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

9.00 a. m, 

12.54 p. m. 
1.12 p. m. 

1.48 p. m, 

2.05 p. m, 

2.47 p. m, 

3.02 p. m. 



7.10 p. m. 



9.00 a. m. 

8.47 a. m. 

9.08 a. m. 
10.30 a. m. 

10.38 a. m. 

10.57 a. m, 

11.02 a. m. 

11.20 a. m. 

11.24 a. m, 
1.07 p. m. 

1.10 p. m. 
1.22 p. m, 

1.25 p. m. 
1.34 p. m, 

1.47 p. m. 
2.22 p. m, 

2.26 p. m, 
6.03 p. m, 

6.13 p. m 



fms. 
171 



145 
145 

215 

215 

191 
191 



2 IS 
2 is 



171 
1 35 



sft. gy. M. 
sft. gy. M . 



sft. gy. M.. 

sft. gy. M.. 

sft. gy. M . . 

sft. gy. M.. 

sft. gy. M. . 
sft. gy. M . . 

S., co. Clmps 

Co., R., S... 

gv. M 

gy-M 



gy M. 

gy- M. 
gy- M. 

gy- M. 



M.,S. 
M.... 



135 
18 

18 

23 

23 

23 

23 

20 

20 

28 

28 

28 

28 
21 

21 

100 



Co.... 

Co., S. 

Co., S. 

Co., S. 

Co., S. 
Co.... 



Co.... 
S.,Co. 

S., Co. 
sft. M. 

sft. M. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 35 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




(-1 

< 


U 

B 


S 

o 
+^ 

o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 

M 

84 

84 

84 

85 

84 

84 
83.5 


°F. 
86 

86 

86 

86 

85 

85 

85 
85 


°F. 


1.02417 




Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12'Agz.;3m.b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
int.4§ 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
9' alb. Blk.; 

m. b. 




h. m. 




mi. 






botm... 


7 


N.13° W.. 


0.5 


Bridle and trip- 
ping stops car- 
ried away; net 
torn; frame 
twisted; 1 mud 
bag lost. 




1. 02448 






115 fms. 


20 

7 


N. 16° W.. 


1.1 


175 fms. dredge ca- 
ble out. 




1.02453 






botm... 


20 


N.15°W.. 


1.1 




64.1 


1.02457 


1.02489 


540 fms. 


9' alb. Blk.; 
m. b. 


botm... 
6-20 ft.. 
10ft.... 


20 
2 30 

2 00 


N.13°W.. 


1.0 






















150' seine 

Luc. sdr. (a)... 








84 
85 

84 

84 
84 

84 
83 


84 

85 

85 

85 

84 

84 
82 


63.6 


1.02453 


1.02468 








12' Agz.; m. b. 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

lnt.4§ 

150' seine 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 

6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 

6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr, 

(e). 

6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 

6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 

6' Jn. dr 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N.15°W.. 


1.1 






1.02497 








botm... 


20 


N.46°E... 


.7 






1.02468 








botm... 
100 fms. 

6 ft 


20 

20 
8 

2 00 


N.2°W... 
S. 6° E.... 


.8 
1.8 


Net damaged. 




1.02477 




150 fms. dredge ca- 




ble out. 
3 hauls. 


80 

81 
84.5 

84.5 

85 

85 

84 

84 
86 

86 
85 

85 
83 

83 
83 

83 
83 

83 


83 

83 
83 

83 

84 

84 

84 

84 
83 

83 
83 

83 
84 

84 
83 

83 
84 

84 




1.02417 












botm... 


20 


N.76°W.. 


.5 






1. 02453 








botm... 


4 


(?) 


(?) 


Veered from 27 to 




1. 02453 




30 fms. 




botm... 


7 


(?) 


(?) 


Veered from 30 to 




1.02457 




36 fms. 




botm... 


3 


(?) 


(?) 






1. 02433 








botm... 


5 


(?) 


(?) 






1.02417 








botm... 


4 


S. 29° E... 


2 






1.02433 








botm... 


11 


N. 11° E.. 


1.0 






1.02417 








botm... 


5 


N 


.3 






1. 02227 










botm... 


20 


(?) 


(?) 


Made after dark. 



36 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D.5256 



D. 5257 



D. 5258 



D. 5259 



D. 5260 



Position. 



H. 4912 



D. 5261 



D. 5262 



Southern Mindanao, eastern 
lllana Bay. 

Cotabato (beach outside 

Panalisan Pt.).« 
Cotabato (near anch. outside 

Panalisan Pt.). 
Malabang (beach below 

river), b 

Malabang (river) 

Malabang (anch.) 

Utara Pt., Bongo Id., N. 76° 

W., 2.80 miles (7° 21' 45" 

N., 124° 07' 15" E.) 
Utara Pt., Bongo Id., N. 88° 

W., 7.70 miles (7° 22' 12" 

N., 124° 12' 15" E.). 
Polloc (Marigabato Pt., rf.).. 
Parang (Lalayanga Pt., rf.).. 
Parang (beach in front of 

village). 

Vicinity of Zamboanga. 

Zamboanga (W. end Little 

Sta. Cruz Id., rf.). 
Zamboanga (Little Sta. Cruz 

Id., rf.). 

Iloilo. 

E. of mouth of Iloilo River 

(beach). 

Off southern Panay. 

Juraojurao Id. (S.), S. 75° 
W., 16.25 miles (10° 27' 45" 
N., 122° 12' 30" E.). 

Off northwestern Panay. 

Caluya Id. (S.), S. 73° W., 
12 miles (11° 57' 30" N., 121° 
42' 15" E.). 

Off southeastern Mindoro. 

Balanja Pt., N. 28° W., 7.20 
miles (12° 25' 35" N., 121° 
31' 35" E.). 

Mansalay (anch.) 

Balanja Pt. (rf.) 

Mansalay Bay (W. shore, 
beach). 

Mansalav Bay (NE. shore, 

rf.). 
Balanja Pt., N. 73° W., 3.70 

miles (12° 30' 55" N., 121° 

31' 50" E.). 
Balanja Pt., N. 80°' W., 6 

miles (12° 30' 55" N., 121° 

34' 24" E.). 



Chart. 



C. S. 4723; 

Oct., 1905. 

....do 

....do 



....do 

....do 

C. S. 4619; 
Apr.,1907 



.do.. 



do 

do 

C. S. 4723; 
Oct., 1905. 



C. S. 4723; 

Oct., 1905. 

....do 



C. S. 4717; 
Feb.,1903. 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 



C. S. 4311; 
July, 1904. 



....do... 
....do... 
....do 



...do... 
...do... 

...do 



June 4 



Off eastern Mindoro. 

Pt. Origon, N. 83° E., 28.50 
miles (12° 37' 30" N., 121° 
37' 30" E.). 

a On May 20 collecting party went up Mindanao River to Cotabato; visited market. 
b May 22 to 24 shore party made collections at Lake Lanao; visited market at Vicar. 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 



Date 



1908. 
May 20 

..do 

May 21 



..do.... 
..do.... 

May 22 



..do.. 



...do 

May 23 
...do 



May 26 
May 28 

June 2 

June 2 

June 3 

June 3 



...do.. 
June 
...do 



...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 



Time of 
day. 



2.30 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 
9.39 a. m. 

9.54 a. m. 
10.07 a. m. 

10.11 a. m. 
1.00 p. m, 
8.30 a. m. 
8.30 a. m. 



10.10 a. m. 
7.00 a. m. 



; p. m. 



10.06 a. m 
10.31 a. m 



3.14 p. m. 
3.32 p. m 

9.00 p. m 
7.30 a. m. 
7.30 a. m 



1.00 p. m. 
5.34 p. m. 

6.00 p. m. 
6.11 p. m. 



7.39 p. m. 
7.45 p. m 



Depth. 



fms. 



13 
158 



15S 
28 



312 
312 



234 

234 



143 

14.5 



Character of 
bottom. 



S., M. 



M 

S., sctrd. Co 

sctrd. Co., co. R.. 
S 



sft. Co., co. heads 
sft. Co.,mrgn. Rfs. 



gy. M., Glob, 
gy. M., Glob. 



gn. M., S.. 
gn. M., S.. 



mrgn. Co. 
S.,Co.... 



sctrd. Co. 
bl. M., S. 

S., M 

S., M 



DREDGING AND HYDBOGEAPHIC EECOEDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



37 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 

"F. 


o 
.2 

3 
"F. 


o 

o 

ca 
°F. 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

5 


Remarks. 






130' seine 

2 gill nets 


G f t .... 


h. m. 
3 00 




77! i. 


















Set over night. 












150' seine 

130' seine 

dip; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


20 f t . . . 
5 ft 


3 00 






























surf 


1 30 








83 

83 
83 

83 


80 

86 
86 

86 




L. 02262 












(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blish sdr. 


botm... 


20 


N. 49° E .. 


0.6 






1 . 02277 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
4-25fi.. 

<^2oft.. 
20 f t . . . 

12 ft . . . 
5-30 ft.. 

5 ft ... . 

surface. 


20 
3 00 
3 00 

3 00 

1 30 

4 00 

2 00 
20 


S. 66° E... 


.6 






















dyn 


















150' seine 

dyn 






8 hauls. 














































150' seine 

int. 5 






5 hauls. 


84 

84.5 
84 

85 
85 


84 

85 
85 

85 
83 


49.3 


1.02587 
1.02489 




S. 67° 30' 
W. 


.3 




1.02484 






12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 6° W... 


1.0 




51.4 


1.02484 


1.02484 




12' Agz.; m. b. 

dip; e. 1 

dyn 

150' seine 


botm... 

surf 

8-15ft.. 
5-10ft.. 

5-15 ft.. 


20 

1 00 
4 00 
3 00 

2 00 


N. 14° W.. 


2.2 










































5 hauls; many 
















stinging medu- 








1. 02463 
1. 02448 




Tnr.-Blish sdr 
(e). 

Tnr.-Blish sdr 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

int. 5 








85 
85 

85 
85 


84 
83 

83 
83 


















botm... 

surface, 
surface. 


20 

20 
15 


N. 29° E . . 
N 


.4 

.5 
4 






1.02448 








K2, K5J 


N 













59395°— 11- 



-13 



38 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 

day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5263 



D.5264 



D. 5265 



D. 5266 



D. 5267 



D.5268 



D. 5269 



D. 5270 



Off eastern Mindoro— Cont'd. 

Pt. Origon, N. 85° E., 28.3 
miles (12° 38' 30" N., 121° 
37' 30" E.). 

Naujan River (anch.)o 



Verde Id. Passage and Ba- 
tangas Bay.b 

Malabrigo Lt, N. 86° 30' E., 
7.30 miles (13° 35' 30" N., 
121° 08' E.). 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 



.do. 



D. 5271 



D. 5272 
D. 5273 



Matocot Pt. , Luzon, S. 17° 

E., 3.30 miles (13° 41' 15" 

N., 120° 00' 50" E.). 
Matocot Pt., S. 22° E., 7 

miles (13° 44' 36" N., 120° 

59' 15" E.). 
Matocot Pt., S., 39° E., 5.50 

miles (13° 42' 20" N., 120° 

58' 25" E.). 
Matocot Pt,, S., 50° E., 5.80 

miles (13° 42' N., 120° 57' 

15" E.). 
Matocot Pt., S., 54° E., 3 

miles (13° 39' 50" N., 120° 

59' 30" E.). 
Escarceo Lt., S. 9° E., 4.25 

miles (13° 35' 45" N., 120° 

58' 30" E) 



Port Galera (anch.) 

Port Galera (Paniquian Id., 

beach). 
Port Galera (Medio Id.,rf.)... 

Manila Bay. 

Cavite (anch.) 

Bacoor (beach) 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 



....do. 

C. S., 4240 
Feb., 1907 

....do... 
....do... 
....do... 
....do... 



.do. 
.do. 



...do... 



C. S. 4240; 

Feb., 1907. 

do 



China Sea. vicinity southern 
Luzon. 

Jamelo Cove (rf.) 

Jamelo Cove (beach) 

Jamelo Cove (E. side), (rf.).. 



Jamelo Cove (beach) 

Corregidor Lt., N. 17° E., 

20.70 miles (14° 03' N., 120° 

27' 45" E.). 



Corregidor Lt., N. 26° E., 

25.50 miles (14° N. , 120° 22' 

30" E.). 
Corregidor Lt., N. 27° E., 

27.25 miles (13° 58' 45" N., 

120° 21' 35" E.). 
Tilig Bay (beach inside vil- 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 

....do 

....do 



..do. 
..do. 



...do. 
...do. 
...do. 



1908. 

June 4 



June 6 

..do... 
June 8 
..do... 
..do... 
..do... 
..do... 



..do. . 
June 9 



June 9 
June 15 



8.17 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 

8.19 a. m. 
8.38 a. m. 

10.49 a. m. 

11.09 a. m. 
9.08 a. m. 

9.18 a. m. 
10.08 a. m. 

10.25 a. m. 
10.59 a. m. 

11.14 a. m. 
1.08 p. m. 

1.34 p. m. 
3.07 p. m. 

3.27 p. m. 

8.30 p. m. 
8 30 a. m. 



8.00 p. m. 
10.00 a. m. 



July 13 ; 8.00 a. m. 



8.00 a. m. 
2.00 p. m. 



.do 
.do 



. .do . . . . 

July 14 



.do 

.do. 

.do. 



2.00 p. m. 
8.08 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 



10.05 a. m. 
10.34 a. m. 



10.47 a. m. 
2.30 p. m. 



fms. 



181 
181 



1.35 
100 



100 
170 



170 
170 



170 
220 



220 
235 



235 
13 



118 
114 



S., P. 
S.,P. 

S.,M. 

S.,M. 

M.... 



M 

P.,S.,Sh. 

P.,S.,Sh. 
S.,P 



S.,P 

fne. S., P 

fne. S.,P 

gy. S.,blk.Sp.... 



S.,Co 

mrgn. Clmps. Co . 



Co. unthrifty and 

sparse. 
S 



Co. unthrifty and 
sparse. 

S 

s 

s 



M.,Sh.,co. S 

M.,Sh.,co. S 

M.,Sh.,co. S 

M.,Sh.,co. S 

S.,M 



o On June 5 a shore party went about 4 miles up the Naujan River in boats. 

b On June 7 a collecting trip was made up the Batangas River for about 2 miles; several hauls with a 
15-foot seine. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 39 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 

•S 

3 


a 

o 

o 

H 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o3 
o 
C 

OS 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 
4 


"F. 
8? 


°F. 






int.5;K2,K5§. 
dip.; e. 1 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 


65fms.. 
surface. 


h.m. 

20 

5 

1-30 


N 


mi. 
0.5 
















84 
84 

87 

89 
83 

84 
85 

85 
83 

85 

84 

85 
85 

80.5 


84 
84 

85 

85 
84 

85 
85 

85 
85 

85 
85 

85 
84 

83 




1.02453 












(e). 
12' Agz.; m.b.. 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.: m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 


botm... 


4 


S.37° E... 


.5 


Cable parted while 
heaving in; trawl 
lost with 20 fms. 
cable. 




1.02489 






botm... 


20 


N.46°W.. 


1.0 






1.02448 








botm... 


20 


N.86°W.. 


1.1 






1.02448 








botm... 


20 


S.65°W... 


1.3 






1.02433 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m.b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
int.5;K2,K5§. 

dip; e. 1 

150' seine 

dyn 


botm... 


20 


N.3° W... 


1.0 






1.02417 


1.02509 




botm... 


20 


N.18°E... 


1.5 


register. 




1.02448 








140 fms . 

surface. 
7ft .... 

8-20 ft.. 

surface. 
4ft ... 


20 

8 

45 

2 00 

4 00 
1 00 


N. 1° W... 


1.1 


to work. 
200 fms. dredge 
cable out. 


















































dip; e. 1 

45' seine 


































8-15 ft.. 

10 ft . . . 
8-15ft.. 

6 ft ... . 


3 00 

3 00 

3 00 

4 00 


















150' seine 


































150' seine 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 

12' Agz 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 

12' Agz 

130' seine 






3 hauls. 


83 
83 

83 

83 
83 

83 


85 
85 

84 

84 
84 

84 




1.02552 








First attempt at 
sounding re- 




botm... 


20 


S 


.7 


57.4 


1.02453 






all apparatus 
used. 




botm... 


26 


S.37°E... 


.3 


















botm... 
8ft .... 


30 
2 30 


N.8°E.... 


1.7 





























40 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMEE ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No 



D. 5274 
D. 5275 
H. 4913 

D.5276' 
D. 5277 
D. 5278 

D. 5279 

D. 5280 
D.5281 
D. 5282 
D.5283 

D.5284 

D.5285 
H. 4914 
D.5286 
D.5287 



D.5288 
D.5289 



Position. 



China Sea, vicinity southern 
Luzon — Continued. 

Tilig Bay (rf. outside village). 



Tilig Bay (anch.). 
Tilig Bay (rf.).... 
....do 



Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 73° 

30' E., 17.50 miles (13° 57' 

30" N., 120° 03' 25" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 71° 

E., 10.75 miles (13° 55' 55" 

N., 120° 10' 15" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 67° 

E., 9.30 miles (13° 56' N., 

120° 11' 40" E.). 

Balikias Bay (rf.) 

Malavatuan Id. (NW.), N. 

61° 30' E., 6.50 miles (13° 

49' 15" N., 120° 14' 45" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 56° 

E.,8 miles (13° 56' 55" N., 

120° 13' 45" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 23° 

E., 8.50 miles (14° 00' 10" 

N., 120° 17' 15" E.). 



Malavatuan Id. (W.), S. 18° 
W., 5.40 miles (13° 57' 30" 
N., 120° 22' 15" E.). 

Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 60° 

W., 6.10 miles (13° 55' 20" 

N., 120° 25' 55" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 84° 

W., 4.30 miles (13° 52' 45" 

N.,120°25'E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), S. 84° 

W., 6.20 miles (13° 53' N., 

120° 26' 45" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (N.), N. 64° 

W., 8.75 miles (13° 48' 30" 

N., 120° 28' 40" E.). 

Looc Bay (anch.) 

Malavatuan Id. (S.), N. 46° 

W., 14.25 miles (13° 42' 05" 

N., 120° 30' 45" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (S.), N. 45° 

W., 17.50 miles (13° 39' 36" 

N., 120° 32' 55" E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (S.), N. 42° 

W., 18.70 miles (13° 38' 05" 

N.,120°33'E.). 
Malavatuan Id. (S.), N. 45° 

W., 19.50 miles (13° 38' 15" 

N., 120° 34' 20" E.). 
Sombrero Id., N. 68° E., 

11.25 miles (13° 37' 40" N., 

120° 39' E.). 

Port Maricaban (anch.) 

.....do 



Port Maricaban (rf. ) 

Matocot Pt., Luzon, S. 20° 

E., 5.70 miles (13° 43' 30" 

N.,121°E.). 
Matocot Pt., S. 42° E., -5 

miles (13° 41' 50" N., 120° 

58'30"E.). 



Chart. 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 

do 

....do.... 
....do.... 
....do.... 



...do.. 
...do.. 



..do... 
..do... 



...do.... 
..do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 



...do. 
...do. 



...do. 
...do. 

..do. 

..do. 



....do. 
....do. 



...do. 
...do. 



..do 



1908. 
July 14 

...do..., 
July 15 
..do.... 
July 16 



.do., 
.do.. 



July 17 
..do... 



..do. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 
July 
..do.. 
..do.. 



..do. 
July 



..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 



.do... 
.do... 



July 21 
July 22 



.do.... 



Time of 

day. 



3.00 p. m. 

8.30 p. m. 
9.00 p. m. 
1.15 p. m. 
9.18 a. m. 
9.59 a. m. 

12.51 p. m. 

1.05 p. m. 
1.28 p. m. 



5.30 a. m. 
8.44 a. m. 



8.51 a. m, 
10.02 a. m. 



10.19 a. m. 
11.34 a. m. 



1.13 p. m. 
1.26 p.m. 

2.42 p. m. 

3.05 p. m. 

10.17 a. m. 
10.40 a. m. 

11.21 a. m. 
11.44 a. m. 

1.06 p.m. 
1.36 p.m. 

8.45 p. m. 

8.07 a. m. 
8.45 a. m. 

10.05 a. m. 
10.33 a. m 



12.31 p. m. 
1.09 p.m. 

2.30 p. m. 
2.58 p. m. 

8.15 p.m. 
9.00 p. m. 

fi.OOa. m. 
8.14 a. m. 



9.03 a. m. 
9.25 a. m. 



Depth. 



fms. 



525 
525 



117 
117 



80 
102 



117 
117 



193 

193 



201 
201 



248 
248 



280 

280 



422 
422 



272 
272 



450 
450 



379 
379 



172 
172 



Character of 
bottom. 



mrgn. rf. 



dense co. growth . 

mrgn. Co 

gy. M.,S 

gy. M.,s 

fne. S 



fne. S 

S.,Sh., P. 



mrgn. Rf 

Sh.,P.,S 

Sh.,P.,S 

fne. S 



fne. S 

fne. S.,M.,Sh. 

fne. S.,M.,Sh. 



gn. M... 

gn. M. .. 

gy. S.... 
gy. S.... 

dk. gy. S 
dk. gy. S 

dk. gy. S 
dk. gy. S 

dk. gy. S 
dk. gy. S 



gy. M., Glob. 
gy. M., Glob. 



sft. M. 

sft. M. 



gy. M.,S. 



gy. S., M. 
gy. S., M. 



gy. s. 
gy. s. 



staghornClmps.,S 
S., M.* 



brk. Sh.,S. 
brk. Sh., S. 



DREDGJNG AND HYDROGEAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



41 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


0) 

u 

•2 

3 
CO 


S 
o 

o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


03 

O 

a 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


"F. 


"F. 








15 ft . . . 

surface. 
12-20ft. 
15 ft . . . 


h. m. 

3 00 

1 00 

2 00 

4 15 




mi. 














dip; e. 1 










































82 
82 

82 

82 


83 
83 

83 

84 


41.3 


1. 02497 


1.02577 


Luc. sdr. (a)... 








12' Agz 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 
(e). 

12' Agz 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 

dyn 


botm... 


30 


N.63°E... 


1.7 






1.02453 








botm... 


20 


N.84°E... 


1.5 






















6-12 ft.. 


2 00 






ing of D. 5275. 


80 

80 
82.5 

81 
82 

83 

83 

S3 

81 
81 

81.5 

82 

82 
82 

79 

80 


82 

82 
83 

83 

82 

82 

84 
83 

83 

83 

84 
83 

83 
83 

83 

83 








Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.;m. b . 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 














botm... 


15 


N.22° W.. 


.7 


Net badly torn. 


58.6 


1.02442 






botm... 


20 


S.70°E... 


1.2 




59.6 


1.02457 








botm... 


4 


S.80°E... 


.6 


Belly of net car- 
ried away by 
weight of mud 
when hoisted 
from water. 




1.02452 






botm... 


9 


N. 60° E.. 


.8 


Net torn; 1 bridle 


49.6 


1. 02422 


1.02517 


stop carried away 


12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


18 


N. 38° E.. 


.6 




50.4 


1. 02402 


1. 02538 




12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 86° E.. 


1.3 




47.4 


1.02437 


1. 02517 




12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 85° E.. 


.7 




46.8 


1. 02417 


1. 02517 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
dip; e. 1 


botm. . . 
surface . 


24 
2 15 


S. 83° E... 


1.7 












83 
84 

85 
84 

84 

84.5 
85 

84 
S4 


84 
84 

84 
84 

84 

84 
85 

85 
84 


42.3 


1. 02437 


1. 02566 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


25 


S. 24° E... 


1.1 




46.5 


1. 02497 


1.02421 


Sounding cup lost. 


12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


30 


S. 21° E... 


1.7 




46.5 
42.5 


1. 02473 
1. 02503 






1. 02556 














12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 78° E.. 


1.8 


Net wrecked. 


43.4 


1. 02433 


1. 02521 




int. 5 § 

dip.; e. 1 

K2; K5 


310 fms. 

surface . 
surface. 

12-20 ft. 
115 fms. 


20 

24 

2 45 

15 

4 00 
19 

8 


S. 73° E... 


2.2 


550 fms. dredge 








cable out. 
















Towed from row 
















boat. 
9 shots. 


82 


83 

83 

84 




1. 02477 
1. 02497 




int. 5§ 


N vt;° W . . 


.7 


200 fms. dredge 


1. 02359 


cable out. 


182 


(e). 
12' Agz.; in. b. 


botm... 


20 


S. 52° E... 


1.0 





42 



TJ. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5290 



D.5291 
D.5292 
D.5293 

D. 5294 

D.5295 
D. 5296 

D. 5297 

D.5298 

D.5299 

D. 5300 

D. 5301 
D. 5302 

D.5303 



D.5304 
D.5305 



D.5306 
D. 5307 
D.5308 

D.5309 



D.5310 
D.5311 



China Sea, vicinity southern 
Luzon — Continued. 

Matocot Pt., S. 50° E., 3.10 
miles (13° 40' 09" N., 120° 
59' 30" E.). 

Verde Id., San Augustine 

Vill. (rf.). 

Verde Id. (E. side) (rf.) 

Varadero Bay (anch.) 

Varadero Bay (N. side) (rf.). 

Varadero Bay (beach) 

Escarceo Lt., N. 39° W., 2.20 

miles (13° 29' 40" N., 121° 

00' 45" E.). 
Escarceo Lt., N. 36° W., 3.25 

miles (13° 28' 45" N.,121° 

01' 12" E.). 
Escarceo Lt., N. 59° W., 6 

miles (13° 28' 15" N., 121° 

04' 30" E.). 
Varadero Bay (fresh-water 

stream). 
Escarceo Lt., S. 71° W., 2.75 

miles (13° 32' 15" N., 121° 

02' E.). 
Escarceo Lt., S 20° W., 2 

miles (13° 33'15"N., 121° E.). 
Matocot Pt., S. 63° E., 4.50 

miles (13° 40' 09" N., 120° 

57' 45" E.). 
Matocot Pt., S. 50° E., 5.10 

miles (13° 41' 20" N., 120° 

58' E.). 
Matocot Pt., S. 38° E., 6.70 

miles (13° 43' 25" N., 120° 

57' 40" E.). 
(20° 05' N„ 116° 05' E.) 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 



....do.... 

...do.... 
....do.... 
....do.... 
....do.... 

...do.... 



1908. 
July 22 



...do.... 

...do.... 

..do.... 
July 23 
...do.... 

..do.... 



(20° 31' N., 115° 49' E.) 

China Sea, vicinity Hongkong. 

(20° 37' N., 115° 43' E.) 

(21° 42' N., 114° 50' E.) 



(21° 44' N., 114° 48' E.). 



(21° 46' N., 114° 47' E.) 

(21° 54' N., 114° 46' E.) 

Pratas Id. (SW. side, beach) . 
Pratas Id. (SW. side, rf.) . . . 
(20° 55' N., 116° 40' E.) 



(21° 08' N., 116° 45' E.). 
(21° 54' N., 115° 42' E.). 



(21° 5.°' N., 115° 51' E.). 



(21°33' N., 116° 13' E.) do. 

(21° 33' N., 116° 15' E.) 



...do 

...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 



H. O. 798; 
June, 1885. 

....do 



H. O. 798; 
June, 1885. 
....do.... 



.do. 



...do 

...do..., 

July 24 
..do... 

...do... 
..do... 

..do... 

..do... 

Aug. 8 

..do.... 

Aug. 8 
Aug. 9 

..do 



....do. 
....do. 
....do. 
....do. 
....do. 



.do. 



.do. 



.do. 



..do 

Oct. 24 
Oct. 25 
..do.... 
Oct. 26 

..do.... 



Nov. 4 
..do.... 



.do. 
.do. 



10.54 a. m 



1.00 p. m. 

4.00 p. m 
8.00 p. m 
6.00 a. m 
8.15 a. m 

1.27 p. m 
1.45 p. m 



2.23 p. m 
2.37 p. m 

3.42 p. m 
3.59 p. m 



8.54 a. m 
9.13 a. m 

10.06 a. m. 
10.26 a. m, 

12.47 p. m. 



1.55 p. m. 

3.09 p. m. 

8.10 a. m. 
8.53 a. m. 

2.07 p. m. 

2.29 p. m. 



5.0G p. m. 
5.29 p. m. 
6.43 a. m. 

6.51 a. m. 
8.21 a. m. 

8.27 a. m. 

9.06 a. m. 

8.07 p. m. 
3.00 p. m. 
3.00 p. m. 
8.09 a. m. 
8.35 a. m. 

10.39 a. m. 
11.04 a. m. 
0.35 a. m. 



6.43 a. m. 
8.20 a. m. 

8.32 a. m. 
8.32 a. m. 

12.36 p. m. 

12.51 p. m. 
1.52 p. m. 

1.39 p. m. 



fms. 
*214 



Lav., G. 



sctrd. Clmps. C o. on 

sloping bottom. 

dead Co.; S 



17:'. 
J 73 



162 
162 



180 
180 



244 

244 

231 
231 

*210 



*198 

*140 



524 

524 



265 
265 



208 
208 
38 

38 

34 

34 
*34 
*37 



170 
170 
186 
186 

62 

62 
62 

62 
62 

100 

100 



sctrd. Clmps.,sft.Co 

S., grassy 

fne. bk. S 

fne. bk. S 

fne. bk. S 

fne. bk. S 

fne. bk. S 

fne. bk. S 



S., P. 
S.,P. 



gy-s 

gy.s 

M.,S.*... 



M.,S.* 

S.* 



gy. M., S . 
gy. M., S . 

gy. M., s. 

gy. m., s . 

gy. m., s.. 

sft. gy. M. 

sfl. gy. M. 
bl. M 



bl. M 

1>I. M 

sft. gy. M 

S., Co., grass 

sctrd. Clmps. Co., S. 

Co.,S 

Co.,S 

Glob 

Glob 

S..M 



S.,M. 
gn. M. 

gn. M. 



S.,Sh. 



S., Sh.... 
crs. S., Sh. 



crs. S.,Sh 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



43 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 

°F. 

84 


.5 
3 

CO 

°F. 

S4 


o 

o 

ffl 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


d 

o 

a 

B 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


1. 02482 


1. 02354 


12' Agz.; in. b. 
dyn 


botm. . . 

12-25 ft. 

12-25 ft. 
surface. 
6-15 ft.. 

8ft .... 


ft. to. 
20 

1 30 

1 00 
6 00 
4 00 
3 00 


S. 36° E... 


mi. 
1.3 


Sounding failed on 
account of too 
light lead. Net 
slightly torn. 












dyn 






Do 












dip.; e. 1 

dyn 


































150' seine 

Luc. sdr. (a). . 








86 
85 

83 
83 

84 
84.5 


84 
84 

84 
84 

84 
84 


51.5 


1. 02462 


1. 02468 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a). . 


botrn. . . 


20 


S. 28° E... 


1.0 




52.4 


1. 02473 


1. 02421 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a).. 


botm... 


20 


S. 13° E... 


.9 




57.4 


1. 02457 


1. 02510 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
20' seine 


botm... 
3ft .... 


30 


W 


.8 












82 
83 

83 
83 
84 

85 

83 

85.5 
83.5 

86 

87 

85 
85 
84 

84 
85 

84 

85.5 

79 


83 
83 

84 
84 
84 

85 

84 

83 
84 

85 

85 

84 
84 
83 

83 
84 

84 
84 
78 


48.4 


1. 02580 


1. 02482 












12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a). . 


botm... 


17 


N. 86° W.. 


.6 


Mud bag torn. 


51.3 


1.02457 


1. 02513 


12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

12' Agz.; in. b. 

12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm. . . 
botm... 

botm... 

botm... 


20 

20 

20 
10 


N.59 W.. 
S. 63° E... 

S. 69° E... 

S.31° E... 


1.2 
1.2 

1.0 

.5 






1.02473 
1.02477 












Do. 


42.5 


1.02396 


1. 02538 




12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm. . . 


22 






Ship steered circu- 
lar course. 
Therm, failed to 




1.02350 


1. 02430 






12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 






trip. 


50.5 


1.02433 


1. 02456 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.-Blishsdr. 


botm... 


20 








72.1 


1. 02288 












botm... 


15 








71.6 


1. 01960 


1. 02386 








(e). 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

12' Agz 

12' Tnr 

130' seine 


botm... 
botm... 
botm... 
15 ft . . . 
10-25 ft. 


20 

20 

20 

2 00 

2 00 










































3 hauls. 


















80 

79.5 

80 

80.5 
77 

77 
78 

79 
79 

80 

80 
81 

81 


80 
80 
80 
80 
77 

78 
79 

79 

79 

80 

80 
80 

80 


51.4 




1. 02489 












12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 








51.6 


1. 02434 


1.02510 








12' Tnr 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 

12' Tnr 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 

12' Tnr 

K2 


botm... 


20 










1. 02461 












botm... 


15 








73.3 
















botm... 
surface . 


20 
20 


















Towed from horse 


65 5 






Tnr.-Blishsdr. 
(e). 

12' Tnr 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 







block. 






botm... 


20 


























(e). 
12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 









44 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5312 
D.5313 
D.5314 



D. 5315 
D.5316 
D.5517 
D. 5318 



D.5319 
H.4915 



H.4916 



H.4917 
D. 5320 



H.4918 

H.4919 
H. 4920 
D.5321 

D.5322 

D. 5323 
D. 5324 



China Sea, vicinity Hong- 
kong—Continued . 

(21° 30' N., 116" 32' E.) 

(21° 30' N., 116° 43' E.) 

(21° 41' N., 116° 46' E.) 



China Sea, vicinity Formosa. 

(21° 40' N., 116° 58' E.) 

(21° 39' N., 117° 07' E.) 

(21° 36' N.,117°27'E.) 

(21° 32' N., 117° 46' E.) 



(21° 31' N., 117° 53' E.). 
(21° 23' N., 118° 30' E.). 



(21° 14' N., 119° 02' E.). 



(21° 06' N., 119° 38' E.) 

(20° 58' N., 120° 03' E.) 



(20° 46' N., 120° 52' E.) 

Santo Domingo, Batan Id. 

(rf.). 
Sabtan Id. (SW. side) (rf.)... 

Ibugos Id. (S. end) N. 77° 

W., 1 mile (20° 19' 15" N., 

121° 51' E.) 
Ibugos Id. (S. end) N. 81° 

W., 1.25 miles (20° 19' 15" 

N., 121° 51' 20" E.) 
Ibugos Id. (S. end) S. 89° 

W., 1.25 miles (20° 19' 30" 

N., 121° 51' 15" E.) 

Ibugos Id. (S. end) S. 84° 
W., 1.25 miles (20° 19' 36" 
N., 121° 51' 15" E.) 

China Sea, vicinity o/Batanes. 

Ibugos Id. (S. end), N. 0° 30' 

W., 12 miles (20° 07' 15" 

N.,121°50'E.). 
IbugosId.(S.end),N.15°E., 

10.50 miles (20° 09' N., 121 * 

47' E.). 

Port San Pio Quinto, Cami- 

guin Id. (rf.). 
Port San Pio Quinto (beach). 



H. O. 798; 
June, 1885. 
do.... 



1908. 
Nov. t\ 

..do.... 



.do. 



H. O. 798; 
June, 1885. 
....do.... 



Nov. 5 



Nov. 5 
..do.... 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do. 



..do.... 
Nov. 6 



.do. 



..do. 
..do. 



.do... 
.do... 



do.... 

C. S. 4710; 

July, 1905, 

do.... 



.do... 



..do.... 



...do. 



..do. 



C. S. 4710; 
July, 1905. 

do 



C. S. 4711; 

May, 1907. 

do 



..do.... 

Nov. 7 

Nov. 8 
Nov. 9 
..do.... 



.do.. 



.do... 



.do... 



Nov. 9 



..do. 



Nov. 10 
...do.... 



05 p. m. 
27 p. m. 
20 p. m. 
45 p. m. 
05 a. m. 
25 a. m. 
25 a. m. 



21 a. m. 
42 a. m. 
37 a. m. 
57 a. m. 
05 p. m. 
31 p. m. 
03 p. m. 



5.32 p. m. 

7.23 p. m. 
12.11 a. m. 



10.15 a. m. 
2.25 p. m. 



3.18 p.m. 

9.32 p. m. 
8.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 
(?)* 



11.18 a. m. 

11.23 a. m. 
11.25 a. m. 
11.42 a. m. 



1.39 p.m. 
2.12 p.m. 



3.19 p. m. 
4.10 p.m. 



9.30 a. m. 
1.30 p.m. 
1.30 p.m. 



140 
140 
150 
150 
122 
122 
122 



148 
148 
159 
159 
230 
230 
340 



S.,sml. Sh. 
S.,sml. Sh. 

S 

S 

S.,brk. Sh. 
S.,brk. Sh. 
S.,brk. Sh. 



S.,Sh 

S.,Sh 

S.,Sh 

S.,Sh 

S.,sml. Sh. 
S.,sml. Sh. 
S.,br. C... 



S.,br. C. 



(?)689 



1,498 



1,758 
1,804 



1,804 
1,220 



sft. br. M. 
gy. M 



sft. M.... 
Co., Lav . 



Co.,R 
Co.,R 



303 
303 



564 
564 



wh. S., Co., brk. 

Sh. 
wh. 8., Co., brk. 

Sh. 
wh. S., Co., brk. 

Sh. 



rky. .. 
rky . . . 

Co., R 
Co.,R 
S., P. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHTC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907 1910 — Continued. 



45 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 

"F. 
80 
81 

78 
77 
78 
78 
78 

79 
80 
82 
82 
82 
81 
81 

80 

79 
79 

79 

80 
80 

80 
80 


£3 

CO 

°F. 
80 

NO 

80 

so 

78 
79 
79 

79 
79 
80 
80 
80 
80 
79 

79 

79 
78 

78 

80 
80 

80 
80 


S 

o 
o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 
O 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 
57.5 


1. 02461 


1. 02482 


Luc. sdr. (a).. 




ft. 771. 




mi. 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


17 








53.6 


1. 02461 


1. 02513 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


15 








59.5 


1. 02461 


1. 02526 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 
K2 


botm... 
surface. 


20 
20 




















54.4 


1. 02500 


1.02506 








block. 


12' Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


botm... 


20 








53.4 


1. 02481 


1. 02517 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


25 






Mud bag torn. 


50.6 


1. 02474 










12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


















Sounding outfit 
lost with 340 
fms. wire. 

Bridle stop carried 
away; net came 
up,upsidedown. 

40 mis. dredge ca- 
ble out. 

Sounding outfit 
lost with 689 
fms. wire. May 
not have reached 
bottom. 

Outfit and stray 
line lost while 
heaving in. 

Strong current. 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 
int. 4§ 


botm... 
20fms.. 


6 

27 
6 


























































36.2 




1. 02574 












Therm, possibly 
tripped at 930 
fms. 




int. 4, 2; K2§.. 


500 fms. 


20 
33 






36.4 


















10-20 ft. 

10-25 ft. 
10-25 ft. 


3 30 

4 00 
2 00 






8 shots. 


















9 shots. 


















2 shots. 












Tnr.-Blisbsdr. 
(e). 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 
(e). 

Tnr.-Blishsdr. 

(e). 
9' Jn. dr 

9' Jn. dr 




























82 
82 
82 

81 
81 

82 

78 


81 
81 
81 

82 
82 

82 
81 
























botm... 
botm... 


4 
9 


N 


0.2 
.2 










N 


Sounding with 


58.4 


1. 02558 






hand lead. 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


N. 62° W.. 


3.2 




40.9 


1.02523 


1.02533 




12' Tnr.; m., b. 


botm... 

12-20 ft. 
12-25 ft. 
10 ft.... 


2 

2 30 

3 00 
3 00 






Trawl lost; bridle 












and mud bag re- 
covered. 
2 shots. 


















3 shots. 


















5 hauls. 



46 



TJ. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5325 
D.5326 
D. 5327 



D. 5328 
D. 5329 
D. 5330 

D. 5331 



China Sea, vicinity of Batanes- 
Continued. 

Port San Pio Quinto (beach 
at head of bay). 



Port San Pio Quinto (rf.) 



Off northern Luzon. 

Hermanos Id. (N.), N. 86° 

E., 16.75 miles (18° 34' 15" 

N., 121° 51' 15" E.). 
Hermanos Id. (N.), N. 69° 

E.,8 miles (1S° 32' 30" N., 

122° 01' E.). 
Hermanos Id. (N.), N. 55" 

E.,6.80miles(18°31'30"N., 

122° 03' E.). 
Port San Vicente, Luzon side 

(beach). o 

Channel bet. Palaui and San 
Vicente Islands, Palaui 
side (beach). 

Palaui Id. (W. side) (rf.).... 

Palaui Id. (W. side), small 

stream. 
Hermanos Id., N. 79° E., 

28.40 miles (18° 29' 45" N., 

121° 39' E.). 
Font Id. (W.), N. 28° E., 

24.25 miles (18° 33' N., 121° 

37'30"E.). 
Font Id. (W.), N. 24° E., 

23.30 miles (18° 33' 30" N., 

121° 39' 15" E.). 

Off western Luzon. 

Hermana Menor Id. (E.), 
N. 13° E., 7.30 miles (15° 
36'45*N., 119° 47' 45" E.). 

Port Matalvi (rf.) 



C. S. 4711; 
May, 1907, 



....do 

C. S. 4711; 
May, 1907, 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 



C. S. 4712; 
Sept., 1904. 

do 



Port Matalvi (anch.) do. 



Port Matalvi (rf.) 

Port Matalvi (E. side San 

Salvador Id.) (beach). 
Port Matalvi (E.side Macala- 

ba Id. (beach). 
Port Matalvi (rf.) 



Mindoro Strait. 

Paluan Bay, Pantocomi Pt. . 

Paluan Bay, Lipa Beach 

Paluan Bay, Paluan River. . . 
Paluan Bay, Malugao River. 
Paluan Bay, beach N. of Ma- 
lugao River. 
Paluan Bay, Caluagan River. 
Paluan Bay, anch 



...do. 
...do. 



..do. 
..do. 



C. S. 4345; 
Feb., 1905. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 



1908. 
Nov. 11 



..do.... 
Nov. 12 

Nov. 12 

...do.... 

..do 

Nov. 13 
Nov. 18 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Nov. 19 

...do 

...do 



Nov. 22 

..do 

..do 



Dec. 11 

...do.... 
...do.... 
...do..., 
..do... 

..do.... 
..do.... 



Nov. 23 
..do 



..do.. 
..do.. 



9.00 a. m. 



8.30 a. m, 
1.30 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 



10.45 a. m. 

11.13 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
1.28 p.m. 

2.16 p. m. 

2.39 p.m. 
2.00 p.m. 
8.00 a. m. 

3.00 p.m. 



10.00 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 

9.23 a. m. 
9.44 a. m. 

10.58 a. m. 
11.25 a. m. 

1.12 p. m, 
1.33 p.m. 



8.12 a. m, 
8.41 a. m, 

10.30 a. m. 
1.30 p.m. 

7.45 p. m. 



6.00 a. m. 
S.30 a. m. 

1.30 p.m. 

1.30 p. m. 

7.15 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 
2.00 p. m. 
3.00 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 



fms. 



fne. S. 



224 

224 



230 
230 



198 
198 



150 
150 



212 
212 



17S 
178 



ITS 
ITS 



sctrd. Clmps. Co . 
sctrd. Clmps. Co . 
sctrd. Clmps. Co . 



gn. M. 
gn. M. 



sft. M.,fne. S 

sft. M.,fne. S 

M., S., grass, etc. 
M., S., sticks, 

leaves. 
S., M., grass 



sctrd. Co., S. 



bl. M. 
bl. M. 



bl. M. 
bl. M. 



br. M. 
br. M. 



S.,Sh.,M... 
S.,Sh., M... 

sctrd. Co., S. 
sctrd. Co., S. 



sctrd. Co., S.. 
S., Co., grass. 

S., M., grass.. 

sctrd. Co 



R., Co. 

S., P.. 

M. 



M., sticks, leaves. 
M 



o On November 14 a party went up Palaui River about 3 or 4 miles, in prahm, seining with 25-foot and 
45-foot seines at intervals along entire distance. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steame-r Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



47 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




°F. 


o 
3 

3 
02 

°F. 




o 

o 
ffl 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

a 

e3 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 






130' seine 

25' seine 

45' seine 


5ft 
3 ft 

3 ft 

12-20 ft. 
12-20 ft. 
12-25 ft. 


h.m. 
3 00 
1 30 

1 30 

3 30 

4 00 
1 00 




mi. 
























stream. 






stream. 




























/ 










81 
81 

82 
81 

82 

81 


82 
82 

81 
81 

82 

81 


53.2 


1. 02491 


1. 02525 


Luc. sdr.(a)... 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr.(a)... 


botm... 


19 


S. 50° E... 


1.0 




55.4 


1. 02437 


1.02496 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr.(a)... 


botm... 


20 


S. 60° E... 


2.0 




(?) 


1.02434 


1.02468 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 

130' seine 

130' seine 

130' seine 

dyn 


botm... 
5 ft 
5 ft 

2-4 ft... 
10-20 ft. 


20 

3 00 

4 00 

1 30 

5 00 

2 00 






trip. 




























Do 
















































several in p. m. 


78 
78 

79 

79 

78 
78 

80.5 

80.5 


79 
78 

78 
78 

78 

7S 

SO 
80 


53.9 


1. 02464 


1. 02513 












12' Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr.(a). . . 


botm. . . 


20 


N. 52° W. . 


1.2 




51.4 


1. 02492 


1.02593 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


10 


N. 50° \V.. 


2.2 




53.4 


1.02516 


1. 02523 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


(?) 


(?) 




54.7 


1. 02422 


1.02496 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 

10-20 ft. 
10-20 ft. 


20 

1 30 
3 30 


S. 49° E... 


2.0 










3 shots. 
































1 30 






2 dynamite caps 














10-30 ft. 
4-10 ft.. 

2-4 ft . . . 

8-20 ft.. 

10-20 ft. 

8 ft 

2 ft 
5ft 

3 ft 


5 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

4 15 

3 00 
2 00 
2 30 

30 






exploded at gang- 
way. 
8 shots. 












130' seine 

130' seine 






7 hauls. 
















4 hauls. 
















4 shots. 


















4 shots. 












130' seine 

25' seine 

130' seine 

25' seine 






10 hauls. 
















Do. 
















5 hauls. 
















4 hauls. 




























dip; e. 1 


surface. 


i 30 









48 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMEE ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5332 
H. 4921 



D. 5333 
D. 5334 



D.5335 
D. 5336 



D.5337 
D. 5338 
H. 4922 
D.5339 



Mindoro Strait— Continued. 

Sablayan Bay, near Sabla- 

van. 
Apo Lt., S. 66° W., 18.2 miles 

(12° 47' 15" N., 120° 41' E.). 
Apo Lt., S. 65° W., 19.4 miles. 
Sablayan Bay, Sablayan Pt. . 



Sablayan Bay, anch 

Sablayan Bay, Sablayan Pt. 



Sablayan Bay, Pandan Id. . . 
Sablayan Bay, Bagaong 

River. 

Sablayan Bay, anch 

Apo Lt., N. 45° W., 19 miles 

(12° 26' 30" N., 120° 37' 45" 

Apo Lt, N. 44° W., 19.7 miles 
(12° 25' 40" N., 120° 38' E.). 



Tara Id., west...: 

Tara Id., anch 

Tara Id., west 

Tara Id., bayou near village. 
Tara Id., beach near village. 



Busuanga Id. 

Port Caltom 

Port Caltom, beach near vil- 



Port Caltom, anch 

Port CaLtom, Pangauran 

River. 
Port Uson, Malbato River. . . 

Port Uson, Mayanpayan Id. . 
Port Uson, anch 



Linapacan Strait. 



Observatory Id. 

W., 10.7 miles 

N., 119° 48' 45" 
Observatory Id. 

W., 9 miles (11 

119° 46' E.). 
Linapacan Id., 

Harbor. 
Linapacan Id., 

Harbor, anch. 
Linapacan Id., 

Harbor, beach. 
Linapacan Id., 

Harbor reef. 
Observatory Id., 
Observatory Id., 



(N.), S. 55° 
(11° 37' 15" 
E.). 

(N.), S. 42° 
37' 45" N., 

Malcochin 

Malcochin 

Malcochin 

Malcochin 

west beach, 
west 



Palawan Passage. 

Observatory Id. (N.), S. 80° 

E., 13.8 miles (11° 34' N., 

119° 26' E.). 
Observatory Id. (N)., S.82 c 

E., 15 miles (11° 33' 45" N., 

119° 24' 45" E.). 
Cauayan Id. (N.), S. 37° E., 

11.5 miles (11° 25' 45" N., 

119° 14' E.). 
Cauayan Id. (N.), S. 59° E., 

10 miles (11° 22' N., 119° 

12' E.). 
North Guntao Id 



C. S. 4345; 

Feb., 1905. 
C. S. 4714; 

June, 1906. 

do 

C. S. 4345; 

Feb., 1905. 



..do... 



..do. 
..do. 



do 

C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906. 



....do. 



....do.... 
....do.... 

do.... 

....do.... 
....do.... 



C. S. 4714; 

June. 1906. 

do 



.do. 
.do. 



C. S. 4345; 
Feb., 1905. 

do 

do 



C. S. 4716; 
Jan., 1903. 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 



C. S. 4716; 
Jan., 1903. 



.do. 



.do. 



1908. 
Dec. 12 



.do... 



..do.... 
..do.... 



..do.... 
Dec. 13 



..do. 
..do. 



..do.... 
Dec. 14 



..do.... 



..do.... 
..do.... 
Dec. 15 
..do.... 

..do.... 



Dec. 15 
..do.... 



..do.... 
Dec. 16 



Dec. 17 



..do. 
..do. 



....do 

....do 



Dec. 18 

..do.... 

..do.... 

..do.... 

Dec. 19 

..do.... 

..do.... 
..do.... 

Dec. 20 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



10.00 a. m. 

10.39 a. m. 
11.50 a. m. 

1.50 p. m. 

3.30 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 
10.00 a. m. 

10.00 a. m. 
10.00 a. m. 

9.00 p. in. 
7.40 a. m. 
8.26 a. m. 

9.18 a. m. 
9.58 a. m. 
10.17 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
7.30 a. m. 
7.30 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 



2.00 p. m. 

2.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 
7.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 

2.00 d. m. 
8.00 p. m. 



12.22 p. 'm. 

12.43 p. m. 
1.16 p. m. 
1.26 p. m. 

3.30 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 
2.30 p. m. 



7.31 a. m. 
7.40 a. m. 



8.04 a. m. 

8.12 a. m. 

8.15 a. m. 

10.01 a. m. 



10.32 a. m. 
10.43 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 



frns. 



Co. 



745 



gn. M. 



584 



gy. M., crs. S. 



co. R. 
Co... 



310 , S. 



612 gy. M. 



dense Co . 



sft. M 

| S., Co., grass 



sctrd. Co.. 
S., Co., W 



sctrd. Co. 



46 S., M. 



S., M 

S., W.,Co. 



S.Co 

sctrd. Co. 



S., Co., W. 
sctrd. Co.. 



fne. Co., S., M . 



Co., S., M.. 
Co.', S.'.'Sh! 
M 



Co., 8. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGEAPHIC RECORDS. 49 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 






o 

.2 
a 


S 
o 

o 

a 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

a 
S 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F. 


"F. 






dyn 

Luc. sdr. (a). . 


6-12 ft.. 


ft. m. 
4 30 




mi. 


9 shots. 


84 
82 
83 


81 
81 
82 


38.2 


1. 02385 


1.02548 






12'Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a). . 


botm... 


20 








40.2 


1.02401 


1.02535 












1 30 

1 30 

2 00 

2 00 
6 00 

1 00 


















dip; e. 1 

copper sul- 
phate. 


surface. 






















Work done in tide 
pools. 












6-9 ft... 


































dip; e. I 

Luc. sdr. (a).. . 


surface. 








79 
81 

81 


80 
80 

80 


73.8 


1.02406 


1.02543 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a).. . 


botm... 


22 








43.2 


1.02385 


■1.02516 








K.2 


surface, 
botm... 

10-20ft. 
surface . 
10-20ft. 

3 ft 
2 ft 

10-20 ft. 

4 ft 
surface . 


1 02 

7 

2 00 
1 00" 
4 00 
1 30 
1 30 

3 00 

3 00 

1 30 
9 00 

4 00 

2 30 
1 00 








82 


80 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


S. 60° W . . 


2.0 


All gear but mud 
bag lost. 


















dip; e. 1 


































130' seine 

25' seine 


















































130' seine 

dip; e. 1 








































































10-20ft. 
surface . 


















dip; e. 1 

Tnr. sdr. (e).. . 








82 

83 
83 


80 

81 
81 












Therm, failed to 








9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


17 


N.77°W.. 


1.2 


trip. 
















9' Tnr.; m. b.. 

130' seine 

dip; e. 1 

130' seine 


botm... 
3 ft 
surface. 

3 ft 
10-20 ft. 

4 ft 
15ft 


6 
1 30 

1 00 
4 00 
4 00 

2 30 


N.80°W.. 


1.2 










































































130' seine 






6 hauls. 
















1 shot. 


81 


80 




1.02427 




Tnr. sdr. (e)... 










No therm, used. 




9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


9 


S. 82° W.. 


1.0 




81 
81 


80 
80 








Do. 








9' Tnr.; m. b.. 
K.2 


botm... 
surface . 


20 
20 


N.70°W.. 


1.3 




























Do. 


83 
84 


81 
81 




1.02406 


















9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 
24-30 ft. 


20 
2 30 


S. 58° W . . 


2.2 










7 shots. 



50 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 

day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 




Malampaya Sound, Palawan 
Id. 


C. S. 4349; 
Aug., 1908. 

do 

do 

do 


1908. 
Dec. 20 

Dec. 21 
...do.... 
...do 


8.30 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
8.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
9.00 p. m. 


fms. 






Bolalo Bay, flatsoear shore. . 
Bolalo Bay, mouth of bay . . . 




S., Co., W 

Co., W 
















do 


...do 










do 


...do.... 
Dec. 22 

...do 






D.5340 


Cone Id., N. 2° E., 1.5 miles 

(10° 55' 51" N., 119° 14' 12" 

E.). 
Endeavor Strait, near Relin- 
quish Head. 
Endeavor Strait, Chase Head. 
Endeavor Strait, Limunan- 

cong. 
Endeavor Strait, Relinquish 

Head to Nalinbungan Pt. 
Endeavor Pt. (W.), S. 18° 

E., 1.2 miles (10° 57' 51" N., 

119° 17' 26" E.). 
Endeavor Pt. (S.), S. 58° E., 

0.5 miles (10° 56' 55" N., 

119° 17' 24" E.). 
Endeavor Strait, anch. bet. 

Bando and Endeavor 

points. 
Endeavor Strait, anch. bet. 

Bando and Endeavor 

points. 

Malapina Id., N. W 

Inner Sound, near Pancol 

Cliff Id., S. 22° E., 5.2 miles 

(10° 51' 35" N., 119° 23' 24" 

Cliff Id., S. 34° E., 4.7 miles 

(10° 50' 40" N., 119° 22' 32" 

E.). 
Inner Sound, Malampaya 

River. 
Cliff Id., S. 43° E., 4.4 miles 

(10° 50' N., 119° 22' 03" E.). 
Cliff Id., S. 37° E., 4.6 miles 

(10° 50' 30" N., 119° 22' 20" 

E.). 
Cliff Id., S. 26° E., 4.5 miles 

(10° 50' 44" N., 119° 23' 09" 

E.). 

Palawan Passage. 

Pt. Tabonan, S. 87° E., 11.4 

miles (10° 57' 15" N., 119° 

1' E.). 
Pt. Tabonan, East, 16.3 miles 

(10°57'N., 118° 55' 45" E.). 
Pt. Tabonan, S. 87° E., 24.3 

miles (10° 58' 15" N., 118° 

47' 15" E.). 
Pt. Tabonan, S. 89° E., 33.5 

miles (10° 57' 45" N., 118° 

38' 15" E.). 

Pt. Tabonan, N. 85° E., 45.2 

miles (10° 54' N., 118° 26' 

20" E.). 
Pt. Tabonan, N. 76° E., 43.7 

miles (10° 46' 40" N., 118° 

29' E.). 


do 

do 


19-24 






8.22 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 
2.00 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
2.03 p. m. 












do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do.. 


...do.... 
...do.... 

Dec. 23 

...do.... 

...do 

...do 

...do.... 

Dec. 24 
Dec. 25 
Dec. 26 

...do 




Co., S 






s 






Co., S 


D. 5341 


19-22 








D. 5342 


14-25 


gy. M 








8.00 p. m. v 

8.30 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
7.46 a. m. 
















Co., S., W 

S., R 






D. 5343 


*5 
6 


M 


D.5344 


M 




do 

do.. 


...do.... 
.-.do 


8.22 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 








sft. M 


D. 5345 


7 


M 




do. .do... 


9.16 a. m. 




D.5346 


10.18 a. m. 


*7 
5 


M.... 


D. 5347 


do... 


...do 


M 




C. S. 4716: 
Jan., 1903. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 


Dec. 27 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do ... 
...do.... 


10.58 a. m. 

6.32 a. m. 

7.10 a. m. 
8.05 a. m. 

9.28 a. m. 
10.09 a. m. 

12.41 p. m. 
1.40 p. m. 

4.10 p. m. 
5.14 p. m. 




H. 4923 


51 

62 

184 

375 


Co., S 


H. 4924 


S 


H. 4925 
D.5348 


fne. Co., S 

Co., S 






D. 5349 


730 


Co., S 






D.5350 


515 

















DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



51 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 
°F. 


o 
CO 


a 

o 
o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 


Remarks. 


"F. 


"F. 






dip; e. 1 

130' seine 


surface . 

2-4 ft... 
1.-9 f t . . . 


/;. 171. 

1 00 

3 30 

3 30 

4 00 
1 00 

20 




mi. 


















11 hauls. 












































dip; e. 1 

K2, K5 


surface, 
surface. 






















Tow'd from wherry. 
















81 


80 








int.3§ 


17-22 
fms. 


20 N J'W 


0.4 










1 

2 00 

2 00 
2 00 

6 00 


















9-12 ft.. 
5ft 

18-20 ft. 


















25' and 130' 
seines. 
























83 
83 

83 
83 


82 

82 

82 

82 






















9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


15 


S.2°E.... 


r 




















9' Tnr 


botm... 
surface . 

surface. 


19 
20 

1 30 

3 30 

4 00 
15 


S. 25° W . . 


.7 


Net slightly torn. 








K2; 2'o. p 

dip; e. 1 
















launch. 




































80 


81 







6' McC 

hand line 


botm... 


S. 78° W . . 


.4 












81 


81 








0' McC 

dyn.; 130' seine 


botm... 
3-6ft... 


26 
6 00 


S. 18° W.. 


.7 




























80 
81 


81 
80 








9' Tnr 

9' Tnr 


botm... 
botm... 


20 
10 


N. 47° W.. 
S. 72° E... 


.0 
1.0 




















81 


81 








9' Tnr 

Tnr. sdr. (e)... 


botm... 


10 


N.36°E.. 


.5 






















Tnr. sdr. (e)... 


































82 

82 


81 

81 


56.4 


1.02422 


1.02576 














12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm...! 20 


N.80°W.. 


1.5 


No land in sight; 


40.6 


1.02400 


1.02564 


latitude and 
longitude ap- 
proximate. 


83 


81 


12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 20 


S. 80° W . . 


1.5 


Do. 




1. 02381 


1.02523 








82 


80 




12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


20 


S. 85° W.. 


3.0 


Do. 











52 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5351 



D.5352 



D. 5353 



D. 5354 



D. 5355 



D. 5356 



D. 5357 



D. 5358 



Palawan Passage— Cont'd, 

Pt. Tabonan, N. 62° E., 47 C. S. 4716; 
miles (10° 35' N., 118° 30' Jan., 1903. 
E.). 



Ulugan Bay, Palawan Id. 

Oyster Inlet C. S. 4346; 

Aug., 1905, 
Baheli River to Wood Pt | do . 



Magsiapo Reef 

Sagumay Pt 

Anchorage (near Tidepole 

Pt.). 

Rita Id. (W. andS.) 

Caiholo River 

Tidepole Pt., S. 84° W.,0.4 

mile (10° 04' 30" N., 119° 

05' E.). 

Nakoda Bay, Palawan Id. 

Sirinao Id. (SW.) 

River (unnamed), SE. of 
Maricaban Id. 

Balabac Strait. 

Cape Melville Lt., S. 85° E., 
16.8 miles (7° 50' 45" N., 
116° 43' 15" E.). 



Cape Melville Lt., N. 85° E., 
16.8 miles (7° 47' 50" N., 
116° 43' 15" E.). 

North Balabac Strait. 

Caxisigan Id. (W.). , 

Port Ciego, Martinez Pt 

Port Ciego, Paz Id 

Candaraman Id. (E.) , 

Bugsuk Id. (S.) 

Balabac Lt., S. 61° W., 16.6 

miles (8° 08' 10" N., 117° 

19' 15" E.). 
Balabac Lt., S. 64° W., 15.5 

miles (8° 06' 40" N., 117° 

18' 45" E.). 
Balabac Lt., S. 65° W., 14.3 

miles (8° 06' N., 117° 17' 

10" E.). 

Jolo Sea. 
Taganak Id. (SE.) 



.do., 
.do., 
.do.. 



do. 

..do. 
..do: 



Sandakan Lt. , S. 34° W. , 19.7 
miles (6° 06' 40" N., 118° 
18' 15" E.). 

Cagayan de Jolo (S.) 



Cagayan de Jolo, Singuan 
Lake. 



C. S. 4346; 

Aug., 1905 

....do 



C. S. 4309; 
Nov.,1906 



....do... 



C. S. 4347; 

Dec, 1905. 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4309; 

Nov.,1906. 
do 



....do.... 



do.. 



C. S. 4720; 

Jan., 1904. 

do 



C. S. 4348; 

June, 1905. 

do 



1908. 
Dec. 27 



Dec. 28 

..do...., 
..do.... 

..do 

..do.... 

Dec. 29 
..do.... 
Dec. 30 



Dec. 30 
Dec. 31 



1909. 
Jan. 1 



...do 



Jan. 2 

Jan. 3 

..do 

Jan. 4 
Jan. 5 

..do 

..do..... 
..do..... 



Jan. 7 
...do.... 

Jan. 8 
...do.... 



.43 p. m. 
1.53 p. m. 



9.00 a. m. 

9.30 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
1.00 p.m. 
8.30 p. m. 



8.00 a. m. 
11.00 a. m. 



3.00 p. m. 
0.00 a. m. 



6.33 a. m. 
7.10 a. m. 



8.33 a. m. 
9.55 a. m. 



1.00 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 
8.30 a. m. 
8.00 a. m. 

9.40 a. m. 
9.52 a. m. 

10.21 a. m. 
10.36 a. m. 

11.13 a. m. 
11.27 a. m. 



1.00 p. m. 

7.20 p. m. 

7.29 p. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 
3.00 p. m. 



fms. 
50 



Co., S. 



S.,Co 

M., S., W. 
Co 

S.,Co 



25 



S.,Co 

G., bowlders. 
M 



148 



58 



S.,W.... 
M.,S.,G. 



Co.,S.. 

W.,Co. 
W.,Co. 
S.,Co.. 
S.,Co.. 

Co.,S.. 
S.,Sh.. 



Co.,S. 



Co.,S 

S.,Co.,W. 
M 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 53 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


• 
Density. 


A pparatus. 


Trial. Drift. 




< 




s 

o 
o 

pa 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


d 
o 


C3 

o 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F. 


"F. 






Tnr. sdr. (e)... 




h. m. 




mi. 




81 


80 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm... 


2 

3 00 

5 00 

2 30 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 


















tude and longi- 
tude approxi- 
mate. 

12 shots 












130' seine 


2-5 ft... 


















- 
























Do. 












dip; e. 1 

250' seine; dyn. 


surface . 
20-40 ft. 























































80 


81 








int. 4. § 

130' seine 

dyn.; 16'-45' 
seine. 


24 fins . 
4-10 ft.. 


20 
2 

1 30 
10 00 


N.4° E... 


0.9 












































148 fms. sounding 
wire lost. 


75 


80 








9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


34 


SE 














and longitude 
approximate. 


75 


80 








9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 
15ft 


25 


SE 




Do. 


























12ft.... 


4 00 
4 30 
2 30 
4 00 






5 shots. 
















6 shots. 












9-15 ft.. 
9-18 ft.. 






15 shots. 
















Do. 










Tnr. sdr. (e)... 








-_ : 


1. 02518 




6' McC 


botm.*.. 


19 


S.14 W.. 






•' 85 S2 








85 


82 

89 








& McC 

Tnr. sdr. (e)... 


botm... 


10 


S.50° W.. 


1.3 




85 


















9' Tnr.; m.b.. 


botm... 
15ft.... 


01 
4 00 


N. 45° E.. 


,6 


Net torn. 


1 








10 shots. 




















a" 


82 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


14 

3 00 
2 30 
1 00 


N.50°E... 


.7 










5 shots. 












130' seine 

dyn 


2-4 ft... 
10-40 ft. 






4 hauls. 
















5 shots. 


[.... 










J 




!'" 







59395°— 11- 



-II 



54 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart, 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


H. 4920 


Jolo Sea— Continued. 
7° 39' N., 120° 04' 45" E 

8° 12' 45" N., 120" 37' 15" E. . . 
Iloilo Strait. 


C. S. 4721; 
Jan., 1903. 

do 


1909. 
Jan. 9 

...do 

Jan. 13 
Jan. 14 

Jan. 28 
Jan. 29 

...do 

Jan. 30 

...do 

Jan. 31 
Feb. 1 

...do 


6.11 a. m. 

12.52 p. m. 
3.31 p. m. 


fms. 
460 

2,275 


M 


D.5359 








- 




G 




Guimaras Id., vicinity of 
Buena Vista. 

Manila Bay. 


C. S. 4416; 

Dec, 1907. 

C. S. 4249; 

Apr., 1904. 
C. S. 4240; 

Feb., 1907. 
C. S. 4249; 

Apr., 1904. 
do 










1.00 p. m. 

a. m.-p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

l.tJO p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 

7.30 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 
> a. m. 




S 




Boca Chica (mouth of North 

Channel). 
Pucot River (near Mariveles) 














Mariveles Bay and Pucot 
River. 


do 

C. S. 4240; 

Feb., 1907. 
C. S. 4249; 

Apr., 1904. 
do 
































C..S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 
. do .. 


Feb. 7 
..do.... 














D 5360 


Corregidor Lt., N. 74° W., 
6.9 miles (14° 21' N., \20 i 
41' E.). 


do 

do 


...do 

Feb. 8 
..do 


7.25 p. m. 

p. m. 

p. m. 

8.48 p. m. 

3.57 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
8.00 a. m. 


12 


hrd 














do 


...do... 




sctrd. Co 


D 5361 


Corregidor Lt. , S. 89° W., 7.2 
miles (14° 24' 15" N., 120° 
41' 30" E.). 

China Sea, off western Luzon. 

Cape Santiago Lt. , S. 35° E. , 
14.6 miles (13° 58' 20" N., 
120° 30' 30" E.). 


do 

C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 

do 


...do 

Feb. 19 
Feb. 20 


*12 
*125 




D. 5362 






Co.. 




Pagapas Bay, Santiago River 
Balayan Bay, Luzon. 

C. Santiago Lt., S. 79° W., 

4.5 miles (13° 47' 20" N., 

120° 43' 30" E.). 
C. Santiago Lt., S. 68° W., 

5.4 miles "(13° 48' 30" N., 

120° 43' 45" E.). 


do . 


dn 




M., G 


D. 5363 


C. S. 4240; Fph. 20 


9.27 a. m. 

2.40 p. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
9.04 a. m. 

1.40 p. m. 


*180 
*160 




D. 5364 


Feb., 1907. 
do 

do 


...do 

...do 








D. 5365 


C. Santiago Lt., N. 73° W., 
6.7 miles (13° 44' 24" N., 
120° 45' 30" E.). 

Batangas Bay, Luzon. 

Escarceo Lt., S. 5° E., 7.7 
miles (13° 39' N., 120° 58' 
30" E.). 


do 

C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 


Feb. 22 
Feb. 22 


*214 
*240 




D. 5366 









DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 55 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 




Trial. 


Drift. 




£ 


3 
02 




o 

o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Apparatus. 


D «pth. sr 


Direction. 


a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°.F. 


"F. 








j h. m. 




mi. 


Sounding wire car- 
ried away. Lat- 
itude and longi- 
tude approxi- 
mate. 

Sounding wire 
lost. Longitude 
and latitude ap- 
proximate. 

15 shots; 1 day's 

work. 
11 hauls; all-day 

expedition. 






















83 


82 
























dyn 


12-18 ft. 


















130' seine 

130' seine 


20-30ft. 


















4-10 ft.. 


4 00 
































25' and 130' 
seines; dyn. 








3.0 


went adrift. 

All-day expedi- 
tion. 

Half-day expedi- 
tion. 
































2 00 
10 00 
2 00 














































































































































25' Agz 


botm... 


1 00 


N.48°E... 


1.3 




























15-20 ft. 
botm... 

60fms.. 

15ft.... 
4 ft 

botm... 

botm... 

surface, 
botm. . . 

150 fms. 


2 66 
9 08 

12 

6 00 

3 00 

1 15 

43 

1 30 
3G 

20 








76 


78 








25' Agz 

3-bd. int. tr. . . 


N.29°E... 
N. 58° W.. 


12.0 
1.0 






















8 shots. 












130' seine 

25' Agz 

25' Agz 

dip; e. 1 

25' Agz 

3-bd. int. tr. .. 






5 hauls. 












N.25°E... 
N.45°E... 


3.0 

2.8 






































N. 10° \V.. 
N.6°E... 


3.0 
2.5 




80 


79 





















56 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5367 



D. 5368 



D. 53G9 
D. 5370 
D. 5371 
D. 5372 



D. 5373 
D. 5374 
D. 5375 
D. 5376 



D. 5377 
D. 5378 
H. 4927 
D. 5379 
D. 5380 



Verde Island Passage. 

Malabrigo Lt., N. 81° E., 8 
miles (13° 34' 37" N., 121° 
07' 30" E.). 

SHarinduque Id. and vicinity. 

Port Banalacan, Marinduque 

Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 32° 
W., 21.8 miles (13° 35' 30" 
N., 121" 48' E.). 

Capulaan Bay, Pagbilao, 
Chica Id. 

Tayabas River (3 branches). 

Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 50° 

W., 8.8 miles (13° 48' N., 

121° 43' E.). 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 32° 

W., 11.6 miles (13° 44' 15" 

N., 121° 42' 30" E.). 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 43° 

W., 6 miles (13° 49' 40" N., 

121° 40' 15" E.). 
Tabayas Lt. (outer), N. 3° 

W., 4.5 miles (13° 49' 12" 

N., 121° 36' 09" E.). 
Tayabas Bay, Lucena an- 
chorage. 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 20° 

E., 15 miles (13° 40' N., 

121° 31' 10" E.). 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 9° 

E., 7.4 miles (13° 46' 45" 

N., 121° 35' 08" E.). 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 49° 

W., 18.2 miles (13° 42' 15" 

N., 121° 50' 15" E.). 
Tayabas Lt. (outer), N. 53° 

W., 18.7 miles (13° 42' 50" 

N., 121° 51' 30" E.). 

Pitogo Anchorage, Luzon 

Mompogld. (S.) 

Mompogld. (E.), N. 55° W., 

9 miles (13° 26' N., 122° 19' 

E.). 
Mompog Id. (E.), N. 38° W., 

17 miles (13° 17' 45" N., 

122° 22' E.). 
Mompog Id. (E.), N. 37° W., 

25.6 miles (13° 10' 35" N., 

122° 27' 30" E.). 
Mompog Id. (E.), N. 30° W.. 

37 miles (12° 59' 15" N., 

122° 30' 40" E.). 
Mompogld. (E.), N. 31° W., 

33 miles (13° 02' 45" N., 

122° 29' E.). 

Burias Id. 

Alimango Bay 

Alimango River 

Ragay Gulf, Luzon. 
Alibijaban Id . . 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907 



C. S. 4453; 

Jaly, 1904 
C.S. 4714... 

June, 1906 

....do 



.do.. 



C. S. 4267; 
Aug., 1907. 

C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906 

C. S. 4267; 
Aug., 1907. 

....do 



.do. 



C. S. 4714; 
June, 1906 



.do. 



1909. 
Feb. 22 



Feb. 23 
..do.... 

Feb. 24 
..do.... 
..do... 

..do... 

..do... 

..do... 

..do... 
Mar. 2 



.do... 
.do... 



.do. 
.do. 



..do... 
..do... 
..do... 



Mar. 3 
..do.... 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 

....do.... 

....do 

....do.... 
...do 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 
do 



Mar. 4 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



Mar. 5 
..do.... 



5.10 p. m. 



7.30 a. m, 

2.08 p. m. 
2.45 p. m. 

7.00 a. m, 

7.00 a. m. 

8.04 a. m. 
8.30 a. m. 

9.35 a. m. 
9.58 a. m. 

2.32 p. m. 
3.42 p. m. 

8.00 p. m. 

9.38 a. m. 
10.15 a. m. 



3.05 p. m. 
3.25 p. m. 

4.19 p. m. 



6.00 a. m. 
10.00 a. m. 
7.09 a. m. 
8.03 a. m. 

10.02 a. m. 
10.40 a. m. 

1.06 p. m. 



2.46 p. m. 
4.02 p. m. 

7.26 p. m. 



8.00 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 



fms. 
*180 



S.*. 



Co.,S. 
gy. M. 



Co. 



L06 



159 
*83 
*150 



338 
•190 

107 
*90 



400 
395 



730 
920 



C. S. 4715; 
Apr., 1907. 



Mar. 6 



bk. S. 



sfl . M 

gn. M. (m. b.). 
gn. M. (m. b.). 



sft. M. 



gy. M. (m. b.). 
gn. M 



gy. M.,S. (m.b.).. 



Co 

Co.,S 

sft. gn. M. . 



sfl. gn. M. 



Co... 
S.,M. 



( o . 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



57 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


GO 


B 

o 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

CJ 

a 
a 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 
83 


°F. 
80 


°F. 






25' Agz 


botm. .. 
12-24 ft. 


h. to. 
26 


N.63°E... 


mi. 

9 










ken and iron 
frame twisted. 






















87 


82 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
dyn 


botm... 


37 
4 00 


N.22°W.. 


6.0 






















sml. seines; 
dyn. 








All-day expedition 
by 3 parties. 




















80 


79 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


S. 9° W... 


1.7 




54.3 








80 
83 

82 


80 
80 

81 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

12' Agz.; m. b. 

dip; e. I 

Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 
botm... 

botm... 

suriace . 


20 
22 

21 

1 00 


S. 31° W.. 

S. 87° W.. 

S. 74° E... 


3.3 
.9 

1.5 




























82 
81 

82 


80 
80 

80 


51.8 


1.02550 












12' Tnr.; m.b. 
12' Tnr.; m.b. 

Tnr. sdr. (e)... 


botm... 


N. 32° E.. 
N. 29° E.. 


4.5 
2.0 










botm... 


33 












82 
82 


80 

80 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.; m.b. 


botm... 
botm... 

10-20 ft. 
12-18ft. 


20 
22 

1 00 
6 00 


N. 39° \V.. 
N. 11° W.. 


1.5 

1.5 


















places near 
mouth. 
























49.6 






Luc. sdr. (a)... 








79 


80 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a) . 


botm... 


13 


S. 31° E... 


2.5 


Net completely 
wrecked. 


50.4 






80 
85 


80 
81 






12' Agz.; m.b. 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


S. 40° E... 


3.5 




50.4 
50.5 






pieces recovered. 


1.02443 




Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


30 


N. 43° W.. 


5.3 




83 

82 


81 
81 












int. 4 


















dyn 


12-24 ft. 
4ft 

12-30ft. 


9 00 
3 00 

5 00 






ing out. 

20 shots. 












130' seine; dyn. 






















20 hauls. 





















58 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


D 5381 


Ragay Gulf, Luzon— Cont'd. 

Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 68° 
W., 2.8 miles (13^ 14' 15" 
N., 122° 44' 45" E.). 

Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 55° 
W., 3.8 miles (13° 15' 20" 
N., 122° 45' 30" E.). 

Burins Id. 


C. S. 4715; 
Apr.,1907. 

do 

C. S. 4454; 

May, 1906. 

do 


1909. 
Mar. 6 

...do.... 

Mar. 6 

Mar. 7 
Mar. 8 
...do 


9.15 a. m. 
9.35 a. m. 


fms. 
88 


co. S 






D 5382 


10.02 a. m. 
10.23 a. m. 

8.00 p. m. 


128 


M 














do 


6.00 a. m. 




Co 




do 


do 


6.00 a. m. 


C 




do 


...do 


8.00 a. m. 








Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 66° 
W., 22 miles (13° 22' N., 
123° 02' 30" E.). 

Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 64° 
W., 20.7 miles (13° 22' 15" 
N., 123° 01' 15" E.). 


C. S. 4715; 
Apr.,1907. 

do 

C. S. 4454; 
May, 1906. 

C. S. 4454; 

May, 1906. 
C. S.4715. .. 

Apr.,1907. 

do 

... : .do 

do 


...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Mar. 9 
...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do 

Mar. 10 

...do.... 

Mar. 11 
...do 

...do.... 

...do 


3.0Sp. m. 
3.35 p. m. 

4.03 p. m. 
4.32 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

9.22 a. m. 

9.54 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 

3.25 p. m. 

3.55 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

7.30 a. m. 

7.30 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

1 06 p. m. 
1.42 p. m. 

2.51 p. m. 
3.27 p. m. 


127 










220 
















Ragay Gulf, Luzon. 

Refugio Id. , Pasacao Anchor- 
age. 

Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 61° 
W.,23.7 miles (13° 24' 50" 
N., 123° 03' 70" E.). 

Galvaney Id. (near Caima 
Bay). 

Arena Pt. (Luzon), S. 5° W. , 
25.3 miles (13° 38' 30" N., 
122° 44' 30" E.). 




R 


D. 5385 


327 










Co 


D. 5386 


287 
















.do... 




S 




Ragay Bay 

Between Burias and Luzon. 
Canmahala Bay, Luzon 

Bagatao Id. Lt. (outer), S. 

80° E., 27 miles (12° 54' 40" 

N., 123° 20' 30" E.). 
Bagatao Id. Lt. (outer), S. 

86° E., 21 miles (12° 51' 30" 

N., 123° 26' 15" E.). 


.....do 

C. S. 4715; 

Apr.,1907. 
do 

do 

do 




Co.,S 


D. 5387 


209 


Co.,S 




D. 5388 


226 












D. 5389 
D. 53C0 


Between Ticao Id. and Luzon. 

Bagatao Id. Lt. (outer), N. 

3° W., 14 miles (12° 35' 45" 

N., 123° 48' 18" E.). 
Bagatao Id. Lt. (outer), N. 

12°W.,19miles(12°30'54" 

N., 123° 51' 30" E.). 

Between Samar and Masbate. 

Escarpada Id., Bagacay Bay . 

Destacado Id. , Lode Bav 

Tubig Pt. (Destacado Id.), 

N. 31° E., 3 miles (12° 13' 

15" N., 124° 05' 03" E.). 
Tubig Pt. , N. 49° E. , 5 miles 

(12 s 12' 35" N., 124° 02' 48" 

E.). 


C. S. 4219; 
Dec, 1904. 

do 

C. S. 4220; 
May, 1907. 

do 

do 

do 


Mar. 12 
...do.... 

Mar. 13 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 


1.46 p. m. 
2.56 p. m. 

6.00 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
9.07 a. m. 

9.54 a. m. 
10.10 a. m. 


*109-80 
*54 


S.* 


fne.S.* 

Co.,S 

R., Co 


D. 5391 
D.5392 


*118 
135 




gn. M., S 









DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 59 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 

.2 

3 


a 

o 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


3 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F. 


7. 






Tnr.sdr. (e)... 




h. m. 




mi. 




82 


80 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
Tnr.sdr. (e)... 


botm... 


15 


N. 13° E.. 


1.3 












83 


79 








12' Agz.; m. b. 

2 gill nets 

dyn 


botm... 

surface . 

10-18 ft. 
10-20ft. 


15 


N. 18° E.. 


1.5 










Hauled 6 a. m. on 
8th. 












2 30 
5 00 
2 00 
















dyn 


















copper sul- 
phate. 
Luc.sdr. (a)... 






Beach and tide 
pools. 






62.5 
62.4 












84 


80 


1.02293 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc.sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


N. 70° W. . 


1.3 








84 


80 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
dip; e. 1 

dyn 


botm... 
surface . 

12-30ft. 
botm... 


25 
1 00 

4 00 
13 


N. 74° W.. 


2.7 
































62.4 






Luc.sdr. (a)... 
12' Agz.; m.b. 

dyn 


N. 47° W.. 


1.6 




82 


78 














10-25ft. 


2 00 












62.4 






Luc.sdr. (a)... 






83 


82 


1.02487 




12' Agz.; m. b. 

dip; e. 1 

16,130 seines; 

dyn. 
dyn 


botm... 

surface . 
3-5 ft . . 

4-20 ft.. 
4-30 ft.. 


8 

1 00 

2 30 

4 00 

3 30 


N. 30° E.. 


1.3 


Net badly torn. 
















Half-day trip. 
























dyn 












52.4 

51.4 






Luc.sdr. (a)... 








85 


79 


1.02503 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
K2 


botm... 
surface . 


20 
20 


N. 44° E.. 

N. 44° E.. 


.8 
.8 












84 


78 






12' Agz.; m.b. 
K2 


botm... 
surface . 
surface . 

40 - 55 
fms. 

50 fms.. 

5-30 ft.. 

18ft.... 
botm... 
10ft.... 


26 
26 
45 

17 
26 

1 00 

4 00 
20 
20 


N. 67° E.. 
N. 67° E.. 


1.5 
1.5 












dip; e. 1 

3-bd. int. tr... 
3-bd. int. tr... 

dyn 




78 
79 


78 
78 






..../.... 


N. 79° E.. 
N. 58° E.. 


1.6 

1.5 










2 shots. 
















7 shots. 


77 


77 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
K2 


S. 88° W.. 
S. 88° W . . 


1.3 
1.3 












Tnr. sdr. (e)... 




78 


77 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


5 


S. 30° W . . 


.5 


Net slightly torn. 











60 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5393 
D. 5394 



D. 5395 
D. 5396 
D.5397 



D.5398 



D. 5399 
D.5400 
D. 5401 

D.5402 



D.5403 



D.5404 
D.5405 
D.5406 



Between Samar and Masbate— 
Continued. 

Panganalan Pt., Talajit Id., 
S. 59° E., 14.8 miles (12° 
03'30"N.,124°03'36"E.). 

Panalangan Pt., Talajit Id., 
S. 68° E., 8.1 miles (12° 00' 
30" N., 124° 05' 36" E.). 

Masbate Island. 



Port Cataingan 

Between Samar and Masbate. 



Buang B., Talajit Id 

Panalangan Pt., Talajit Id., 
S. 81° E., 2.9 miles (11° 56' 
40" N., 124° 14' E.). 

Panalangan Pt., Talajit Id., 
S. 78° E., 4.5 miles (11° 57' 
N., 124° 12' 24" E.). 

Panalangan Pt., Talajit Id., 
S. 78° E., 6 miles (11° 57' 
27" N., 124° 10' 42" E.). 

Between Masbate and Leyte. 

Gigantangan Id. (west) 



Gigantangan Id. (S.), S. 45° 
E., 2.7 miles (11° 35' 12" 
N., 124° 13' 48" E.). 

North of Cebu. 

Malapascua Id. (west) 



Tanguingui Id. Lt., N. 70° 
W., 22.8 miles (11° 21' 45" 
N., 124° 05' E.). 

Tanguingui Id. Lt., N. 77° 
W., 22.5 miles (11° 24' 24" 
N., 124° 05' 30" E.). 

Tanguingui Id. Lt., N. -TO" 
W., 23 miles (11° 24' 45" 
N., 124° 06' E.). 

Between Leyte and Cebu. 

Capitancillo Id. Lt., S. 37° 
W., 16.1 miles (11° 11' 45" 
N., 124° 15' 45" E.). 

Calangaman Id. (north) 

Capitancillo Id. Lt., S. 46° 
W., 15.7 miles (11° 10' N., 
124° 17' 15" E.). 

Dwpon Bay (Leyte) and vi- 
cinity. 



Sacaysacay Pt 

Guint River 

Ponson Id. (N.), S. 79° E., 

6.8 miles (10° 50' N., 124° 

26' 18" E.). 
Ponson Id. (N.), S. 86° E., 

8.5 miles (10° 49' 20" N., 

124° 24' 23" E.). 
Ponson Id. (N.), S. 88° E., 

10.2 miles (10° 49' 03" N., 

124° 22' 30" E.). 



C. S. 4418; 
Apr., 1906. 

....do 



C. S. 4418; 
Apr., 1906. 



C. S. 4418; 

Apr., 1906. 

do 



.do.... 
.do.... 



C. S. 4418; 
Apr , 1906. 
....do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec.,1906. 
....do 



.do 

.do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec.,1906. 



.do 

.do 



C. S. 4426; 
May, 1904. 

do 

do 



.do 

.do 



1909. 
Mar. 13 



...do.... 

Mar. 14 

Mar. 15 
...do 

...do 

...do 



Mar. 15 
..do 



Mar. 16 
..do 

..do 

..do 



...do.... 
...do.... 



Mar. 17 



...do 

...do 



...do. 

...do. 



1.44 p. m. 
2.04 p. m. 

2.56 p. m. 
3.13 p. m. 



8.38 a. m. 
8.55 a. m. 



9.30 a. m. 
9.45 a. m. 



10.21 a. m. 
10.36 a. m. 



3.00 p. m. 

3.03 p. m. 
3.21 p. m. 



6.00 a. m. 



8.54 a. m. 
9.01 a. in. 



9.34 a. m. 
9.50 a. m. 



9.58 a. m. 
10.05 a. m. 



1.54 p. m. 
2.16 p. m. 

2.30 p. m. 
2.56 p. m. 
3.14 p. m. 



8.30 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
8.37 a. m. 
8.58 a. m. 

9.46 a. m. 
10.09 a. m. 

11.13 a. m. 
11.41 a. m. 



fms. 
136 



lOO 



140 
137 
134 



hrd. S. 



gn. M. 



rky. 



hrd 

gn. M. (m. b.). 



hrd 

gn. M. (m. b.). 



gn. M. 



limestone, 
gn. M 



R., Co. 



32 


S.,Sh 






25 


S., Sh 






30 


fne. S 







gn. M. 



sctd. Co.,R. 
gn. M 



Co. 



190 


M 






262 


hrd 






298 


M 







DREDGING AND HYDEOGBAPHIC EECOEDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



61 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




Remarks. 


< 


o 

3 
CO 


B 

o 

o 
P5 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


6 
P 

•S 


°F. 


"F. 


°F. 






Tnr. sdr. (e)... 




ft. m. 




mi. 




82 


78 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


8 


S. 11° W.. 


1.0 












80 


78 








12' Agz.; m.b 


botm... 

12ft ... 
18-30 ft. 


9 

2 00 
4 00 


S. 41° W.. 


1.1 








































Luc. sdr. (e) . . 








79 


78 




1.02466 




12' Agz.; m.b.. 
K.2 


botm... 

surface . 


19 
19 


N. 75° W.. 

N. 75° W.. 


1.2 
1.2 




















79 


79 








12' Agz; m. b.. 
K.2 


botm... 

surface . 


20 
20 


N. 66" W.. 
N. 66° W.. 


1.5 
1.5 












79 


79 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
K.2 


botm... 
surface . 

12-15 ft. 


16 
16 

1 00 


N. 69° W.. 
N. 69° W.. 


1.2 
1.2 


































81 


80 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
10-20 ft. 


7 
3 30 


N. 49° W.. 


.5 










14 shots. 












Tnr. sdr. (e) . . 








79 


79 








0'McC 

Tnr. sdr. (e). . 


botm... 


9 


N. 22° E.. 


.5 












80 


80 


1.02458 




6'McC 


botm... 


12 


N. 10° E.. 


.4 








80 


80 






6' McC 


botm... 


27 


N. 61° E.. 


.9 




55.8 








81 


81 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
K.2 


botm... 
surface . 
8-25 ft.. 


22 

22 

2 00 


S. 45° E... 
S. 45° E... 


1.9 
1.9 














7 shots. 






55.7 














81 


81 






12' Agz 


botm... 
12-30 ft. 


29 

7 30 
7 00 


S. 55° E... 


1.8 










16 shots. 
























55.4 
















81 


78 






12' Agz 


botm... 


26 


S. 74° W.. 


1.8 












82 


80 








12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S. 82° W . . 


1.9 












83 


81 








12' Agz 


botm... 


27 


N. 81° W.. 


2.0 













62 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 

day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


D 5407 


Dupon Bay (Leyte) and vicin- 
ity — Continued. 

Ponson Id. (N.), S. 76° E., 
12.2 miles (10° 51' 38" N. 
124° 20' 54" E.). 

Anchorage, Dupon Bay 

Between Cebu and Leyte. 

Capitancillo Lt., N. 25° W., 

20.8 miles (10° 40' 15" N., 

124° 15' E.). 
Capitancillo Lt., N. 19° W., 

22 miles (10° 38' N., 124° 

13' 08" E.). 
Bagaeav Pt. Lt., S. 37° W., 

7.2 miles (10° 28' 45" N., 

124° 05' 30" E.). 

Between Cebu and Bohol. 

Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 35" E., 4.7 

miles (10° 10' 30" N., 123° 

51' 15" E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt.,N. 21° E., 5.5 

miles (10° 09' 15" N., 123° 

52' E.). 

Pandanon Id. (south) 

do 

Reef opposite Pandanon Id.. 
Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 68° W., 10 

miles (10° 10' 35" N., 124° 

03' 15" E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 67° W., 9.5 

miles (10° 10' 40" N., 124° 

02' 45" E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt.,N. 24° W.,7.2 

miles (10° 07' 50" N., 123° 

57' E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt.,N. 12° E., 2.9 

miles (10° 11' 30" N., 123° 

53'30"E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 10° E., 3.5 

miles (10° 10' N., 123° 53' 

15" E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 16° E., 5.6 

miles (10° 08' 50" N., 123° 

52' 30" E.). 
Lauis Pt. Lt., N. 27° E , 

17.8 miles (9° 58' 30" N., 

123° 46' E.) 
Cruz Pt. (Bohol), S. 20° E., 

6 miles (9° 49' 35" N., 123° 

4.5' E.) 

Bohol Island. 

Maribojoc Bay (anchorage). . 

Maribojoc Bay (E. of Cruz 
Pt.) 

Between Panay and Guimaras. 

Lusaran Pt. Lt., S. 27° E., 

5 miles (10° 33' 30" N., 122° 

26' E.) 
Lusaran Pt Lt„ S. 80° E. , 

9.7 miles (10° 31' N., 122° 

18' 45" E.) 


C. S. 4426; 
May, 1904. 

do 

C. S. 47 is: 
Dec, 1906. 

do 

do 

C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 


1909. 
Mar. 17 

...do 

Mar. 18 

...do 

...do 

Mar. 23 


12.57 p. m. 
1.28 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

8.05 a. m. 
8.23 a. m. 

9.16 a. m. 
9.51 a. m. 

11.21 a. m. 
11.56 a. m. 

8.18 a. m. 
8.48 a. m. 

9.36 a. m. 
9.58 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 
2.30 p. m. 
7.30 a. m. 
11.34 a. m. 

12.04 p. m. 


fms. 
350 














D 5408 


159 








D 5409 


189 








D 5410 


385 


gn. M 






D 5411 


145 


gn. M 






D 5412 




162 






do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

.do 


...do 

...do 

Mar. 24 
...do 

...do 

...do 

Mar. 25 

...do 

...do 

...do 

.do 








Co.,S 




S., Co.... 






Co.,S 


D 5413 


*42 








1.21 p.m. 
1.41 p. m. 

7.20 a. m. 
7.43 a. m. 

8.18 a. m. 
8.40 a. m. 

9.28 a. m. 
9.48 a. m. 

1.35 p.m. 


88 


fne. S 








150 








D. 5417 


165 


gy- M.,3 


D.5418 


159 






175 








D 5420 


3.33 p. m. 
3.48 p m. 


127 






C. S. 4718; 

Dec, 1906. 

do 

C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 

do 


Mar. 24 
Mar. 26 

Mar. 30 
...do 














6.00 a.m. 

5.38 p. m. 
6 10 p. m. 


137 


Co., R 


D 5421 








D 5422 

















DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 63 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


i 
Trial. 


Drift. 






< 


01 

o 

.2 
to 


a 
3 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

c 

09 

3 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F 


"F. 










h. m. 




mi. 




82 


81 








12' Agz 

dip;e. l.;dyn. 
caps. 


botm... 
surface . 


20 
3 00 


S. 49° E... 


1.6 
















55.4 












83 


80 


1.02462 




12' Agz.; m. b. 
K.2 


botm... 
surface . 


20 
20 


S. 46° VV . . 
S. 46° W . . 


1.3 

1.3 












81 


80 








12' Agz.;m. b. 
K 


botm... 

surface . 


29 
29 


S. 51° \V.. 
S. 51° W.. 


2.0 
2.0 










Record incomplete. 


82 


80 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


14 


S. 3° VV ... 


1.2 




55.2 








80 


81 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
K.2 


botm... 
surface 


24 
24 


S. 33° VV . . 
S. 33° E... 


1.7 
1.7 




54.8 












81 


81 






12' Agz 


botm... 

6-12 ft.. 
5 ft ... . 
10-12 ft. 
botm... 

botm... 


22 

2 30 

5 30 

1 00 

6 

9 


S. 67° E... 


1.7 










4 shots. 












130' seine 






11 hauls. 
















3 shots. 


82 
82 


82 
82 








6' McC 

6' McC 

Luc. sdr. (a) . . 
12' Agz.; m. b. 


N. 30° W.. 
N. 23° W„ 


.0 
1.2 












62.4 








83 


81 






botm... 


19 


N. 81° W.. 


1.5 




54.4 








81 


80 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


South 


1.5 




54.4 








81 


80 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S. 18° W . . 


1.2 




54.4 








81 


81 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S. 82° W . . 


.8 




54.5 








83 


81 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S.74° W.. 


1.3 




59 








83 


81 






12' Agz., m. b . 
dip; c. 1 


botm... 

surface . 
10-20 ft. 


17 

1 30 

2 00 


S.54°W.. 


1.2 


























fi shots. 






58.4 














84 
84 


82 
82 






12' Agz.;m.b. 
int. 3 


botm... 
surface . 


19 
20 


S.70° W.. 
W.by S... 


1.5 
1.5 























64 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 

day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 




Jolo Sea. 

Cagayan Id., Cagayanes Ids. 

(NW.). 
Cagavan Id. (S.), S. 11° E., 

4.8 miles (9° 38' 30" N., 121° 

11' E.) 
Cagayan Id. (S.), S. 11° W., 

3.4 miles (9° 37' 05" N., 121° 

12' 37" E.). 
Cagavan Id. (S.), S. 14° E., 

4 miles (9° 37' 45" N., 121° 

11' E.). 

Eastern Palaivan and vicinity. 
Mantaquin Bay (Palawan). . 
Rasa Id. (southwest) 


C. S. 4717; 

Feb., 1903. 

do 

do 

do 

C. B. 4716; 

Feb., 1903. 
do 

. .do.... 


1909. 
Mar. 31 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Apr. 1 

...do 

Apr. 2 

...do 

...do 


9.00 a. m. 

9.16 a. m. 
9.55 a. m. 

12.52 p. m. 
1.24 p. m. 

2.20 p. m. 
2.57 p. m. 


fms. 
508 




D.5423 


gy. M., co. S 


D.5424 


340 


co. S | 


D.5425 


495 


gy. M., co. S 




3.00 p. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
8.00 a. m. 




S 




sft. Co., R 




Rasa Id. (southwest) 


do 

do 


9.00 a. m. 
2.30 p. m. 
6.42 a. m. 


'"'27' 


Co 




S., G 

fne. gy. S 


D. 5426 


30th of June Id., N. 29° E., 

12.2 miles (9° 12' N., 118° 

28' E.). 
30th of June Id., N. 16° W., 

11.5 miles (9° 11' 30" N., 

118° 37' 08" E.). 
30th of June Id., N. 62° W., 

19.5 miles (9° 13' N., 118° 

51' 15" E.). 
Fondeado Id. (SE.), N. 29 

E., 23 miles (9° 34' 48" N., 

118° 45' E.). 
Fondeado Id. (SE.), N. 19 

E., 19 miles (9,° 37' 30" N., 

118° 48' 30" E.). 
Iwahig River and tributaries 

(Pta. Prineesa). 
Puerta Prineesa (west of 

Baneaobancaon Pt.). 
Fondeado Id. (SE.), N. 18 

E., 15 miles (9° 41' 30" N., 

118° 50' 22" E.). 

Machesi Id. (southwest) 

Fondeado Ids. (W.), N. 57° 

W., 10.5 miles (9° 49' 40" 

N., 119° 03' 20" E.). 

Verde del Sur Id. (south) 

...do 


do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

C. S. 4343; 

July, 1903. 

do 

C. S. 4716; 
Feb., 1903. 

do 

do 


Apr. 3 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Apr. 4 
Apr. 5 
...do 

...do 

Apr. 6 




8.04 a. m. 
8.09 a. m. 


37 


S , Sh 








10.14 a. m. 
11.23 a. m. 


1,105 








H. 4928 


3.28 p. m. 

4.39 p. m. 

7.00 a. m. 
6.30 a. m. 


902 
554 


gy. M., fne. co. S ... 










S., R.,Co 




7.32 a. m. 
8.14 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
10.07 a. m. 
10.54 a. m. 


766 












S., M.,Co 




464 


















2.00 p. m. 
2.00 p. m. 
8.00 p. m. 
4.00 p. m. 

5.30 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 

7.00 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 

2.49 p. m. 
2.54 p. m. 

3.26 p. m. 
3.34 p. m. 

4.04 p. m. 
4.16 p. m. 

7.50 p. m. 




Co., G., S 




do 


...do 

...do 

Apr. 7 

...do 

.do 


S 




..do... 


do 








Port Langcan, Dumaran Id. 
(east). 
...do 


do 

do 




R., Co.... 










Port Langcan, Dumaran Id. 

(anch.). 
Port Langcan, Dumaran Id. 

(Green Pt.). 
Wreck Bay, Dalaganem Id. . 

Corandagos Id. (NW.), N. 

28° E., 4.8 miles (10° 38' 

45" N.,120° 12' 45" E.). 
Corandagos Id. (NW.), N. 

30° E., 5.7 miles (10° 37' 

50" N. 120° 12' E.). 
Corandagos Id. (NW.), N. 

35° E., 6.5 miles (10° 37' 30" 

N . 120° 11' 05" E.). 
Corandagos Id. (N.), S. 63° 

W., 7.6 miles (10° 46' 45" 

N., 120° 22' 45" E.). 


...do 








do 

C. S. 4717; 

Feb., 1903. 

do 

do 

do 

do 


Apr. 8 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 




S.,Co., G 






R., S.,Co 

S 


D 5431 


51 






D. 5432 


51 


S 






D.5433 


54 


gn. M., co. S 


D.5434 













DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 65 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 
°F. 


o 

3 
W 

°F. 


a 
o 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 
a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 






dyn 


2-50;ft.. 


ft. m. 
3 00 




mi. 








49.8 






Luc. sdr. (a).. . 








82 


82 






12' Agz.; m. b . 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm . . . 


27 


N.W 


1.5 




50.4 








81 


82 






12' Agz.;m. b . 
Luc. sdr. (a). . . 


botm... 


20 


N.t>7° W.. 


1.5 




49.4 








82 


83 






12' Agz.;m. b . 

130' seine 

dyn 


botm... 

4 ft ... . 
6-12 ft.. 


20 

2 00 

2 00 
4 00 

3 00 
2 30 


N (U° W 


1.2 






































dyn 




5.0 














dvn 


8-10 ft.. 

10 ft.... 
















500' seine 

Tnr.sdr. (e)... 
























81 


82 








6' McC 

Tnr.sdr. (e) 


botm... 


9 


N.20°E... 


.3 












81 


82 








6' McC 

Luc. sdr. (a).. 


botm... 


5 








49.7 












85 
86 

83 


S3 
83 

82 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


21 


N.by W .. 


1.0 




49.4 
49.4 




























dyn 




12 00 
2 30 


















dvn 


4-20 ft.. 


















Luc. sdr. (a).. . 








82 


83 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
6-12ft.. 


18 1 


1.9 










4 00 




10 shots. 






50 














84 


83 






12 Agz 

K. 2 


botm... 
surface . 
8-10 ft.. 
2-4 ft.. 


25 

25 

3 00 

3 00 
12 00 

1 30 

12 00 
20 

4 30 
3 00 


N 


1.5 

1.5 










N 


















6 shots. 












130' seine 






20 hauls. 
















2 lines. 














6- 15ft.. 






5 shots. 



















2 lines. 












dip; e.l 


surface. 
8ft .... 

12-lSft. 






















17 shots. 


















shots. 




















84 
84 


83 

83 








6' McC 

Tnr. sdr. (p)... 


botm... 


20 


S. 46° W . . 


.8 


















6' McC 


botm... 


20 


S.68° W .. 


1.3 
















83 
83 


83 
83 








6' McC 

int. 3 


botm... 

surface . 


20 S.44" W .. 
20 ; N.70° E... 


1.2 
.2 























66 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5435 



D. 5436 



D.5437 



D. 5438 



D. 5439 



-*■ 



D.5440 
D.5441 
D. 5442 



D.5443 
D. 5444 
D. 5445 



Position. 



Cuyos Islands. 
Cuyo Id. (west) 



.do. 



Bisucay Id. (northeast) 

Bisucay Id. (NE.),S.55° E., 

1 mile (10° 50' N., 120° 58' 

10" E.). 

West coast of Luzon, Manila 
Bay to Lingayen Gulf. 

Corregidor Lt., N. 83° E., 
5.2 miles (14° 22' 37" N., 
120° 29' E.). 

Hermana Mayor Id. (west) . . 

Caiman Cove 



.do. 



Hermana Mayor Lt., N. 69° 
E., 4.9 miles (15° 45' 54" N. 
119° 42' 45" E.). 

Hermana Mayor Lt., S. 21° 

E., 7.5 miles (15° 54' 42"N.. 

119° 44' 42" E.). 

Caiman Cove 

Hermana Mavor Lt., S. 33° 

E., 12.6 miles (15° 58' 15" 

N., 119° 40' 20" E.). 
Bolinao Bay (north of Bo- 

linao). 
Bolinao Bay (east of village). 

....do 

S. Fernando Pt. Lt., N. 82° 

E., 23.1 miles (16° 33' 52" 

N., 119° 52' 54" E.). 
S. Fernando Pt. Lt., S. 87° 

E , 18.7 miles (16° 38' N., 

119° 57' 18" E.). 
S. Fernando Pt. Lt., N. 39° 

E., 8.4 miles (16° 30' 36" N., 

120° 11' 06" E.). 
Lingayen G. (east of Pt. 

Guecet). 

East coast of Luzon, San Ber- 
nardino Strait to San Miguel 
Bay. 

Matnog Bay 



....do 

....do 

Balicuatro Ids., Biri Chan- 
nel (southern Biri Id.). 

Batag Id. (west, near Leung 
Pt.). 

Atalaya Pt., Batag Id., S. 
64° E., 3.6 miles (12° 43' 
05" N., 125° 01' E). 

Atalaya Pt., Batag Id., S. 
65° E., 5.1 miles (12° 43' 
51" N., 124° 58' 50" E.). 

Atalaya Pt., Batag Id., S. 
56° E., 5.3 miles (12° 44' 
42" N„ 124° 59' 50" E.). 



C. S. 4345; 
Feb., 1905. 

...do 

...do 

C. S. 4717; 
Feb., 1903. 



C. S. 4240; 
Feb., 1907. 

C. S. 4712; 

Sept., 1904. 
C. S 4210; 

Sept., 1907. 

do 

do 



....do. 
....do. 



C. S. 4238; 

Feb., 1905. 

do 

do 

C. S. 4209; 

Oct., 1905. 



..do.. 
..do.. 
..do.. 



C. S. 4258; 

Jan., 1903. 

do 

....do 

C. S. 4220; 

May, 1907. 

C. S. 4449; 
Jan., 1907. 

....do 

....do 

....do 



Dale. 



1909. 
Apr. 9 



..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



May 7 

May 8 
..do..... 



..do... 
..do... 



..do. 



May 9 
..do 



..do 

May 10 

..do 

..do 



..do..... 
..do..... 
May 11 

May 31 



..do.... 

..do 

June 1 

June 2 
..do 

June 3 
..do 



..do.... 



Time of 
day. 



8.30 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
2.00 p. m. 
7.50 p. m. 



7.03 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
3.30 p. m. 



7.00 p. m. 
10.27 a. m. 

12.07 p.m. 

3.50 p. m. 
4.20 p. m. 

6.00 a. m. 
9.44 a. m. 
10.49 a. m. 

8.00 p. m. 

6.00 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
1.35 p. m. 

2.01 p. m. 

3.20 p. m. 

3.47 p. m. 

6.48 p. m. 
6.58 p. m. 



2.00 p. m. 



00 p. m. 
00 p. m. 
00 a. m. 
00 p. m. 
00 a. m. 
00 p. m. 
00 p. m. 
00 a, m. 
50 a. m. 
19 a.m. 



9.57 a. m. 
10.32 a. m. 



11.25 a. m. 
12.01 p. m. 



Depth. 



fms. 



940 



Character of 
bottom. 



R., Co. 



S 

Co., R. 



S.,Co 

S.,Co., R. 
M 



gn. M. 



S., Co. 
gn. M. 



S.,Co., R 

S 

fne. gy.S.,Glob. 



45 co. S. 



383 



Co., R. 
S.,Co. 



mgn. Rf. 



mgn. Rf... 
Co., co. R 



Co 

co. S., Sh 



gn. M. 



gn. M., S... 



DREDGING AND HYDEOGRAPHIC RECORDS. 67 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 
.2 




o 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


oi 

o 

a 

03 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


°F. 


°F. 








4-16 ft.. 

3-4 ft... 
6-18 ft., 
surface . 

surface . 

8-10 ft.. 

5-12 ft.. 

9 fms... 

100-600 

fms. 

450 fms. 


h. m. 

3 

2 30 

3 00 
21 

15 

5 00 

2 00 

11 00 
36 

27 
22 




mi. 














130' seine 
























83 
85 


83 
86 








int. 3 


W. x N... 
W 


0.7 
.5 










int. 4 












































2 gill nets 

6K. 6 








88 
87 


86 
86 








N. 61° W . 


.9 










Int. 4§ 




46.2 












87 


87 






12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
10-12 ft. 


21 

2 00 


S.5°E.... 


1.2 










8 shots. 






36.7 














89 


87 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
dip; e. 1 


botm... 

surface. 

10-1'2 ft. 
4 ft 


14 

1 00 

4 00 
3 00 


N. 16° W . 


2.5 


Net slightly torn. 
























7 shots. 












130' seine 






5 hauls. 






53.2 












86 


87 






12' Agz.; m,b. 
Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


botm... 


20 


N. 22° E.. 


1.8 




52.2 








86 


87 






25' Agz 


botm... 


20 


N. 04° E.. 


1.8 












82 


85 








25' Agz 


botm... 
4-12 ft. . 

10-12 ft. 

5ft ... 


10 34 
4 30 

.3 00 

2 30 
12 00 

7 00 

12 00 

3 00 
1 30 

13 00 
7 30 


S. 12° E... 


15.5 










5 hauls. 
















5 shots. 


















3 hauls. 






























12-24 ft. 






13 shots. 
































10-12 ft. 
6-15 ft.. 






7 shots. 


















6 shots. 
































5- 15 ft.. 






17 shots. 






51.3 














82 


83 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


N. 70° W . 


1.9 




45.3 








85 


83 






12' Agz 


botm... 


17 


N.65°E.. 


1.1 




44.3 








85 


83 






12' Agz 


botm... 


37 


S. 73° E... 


1.5 













68 U. S. FISHEKIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



: 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 


Date 




C. S. 4449; 
Jan., 1907. 


1909 
June 


3 


C. S. 4221; 
June, 1905. 


June 


4 


C. S. 4237; 
Mar., 1905. 


...do.. 




....do 


...do.. 




C. S. 4259; 
Aug., 1900. 


...do.. 




C. S. 4221; 
June, 1905. 


...do.. 




....do 


...do.. 




....do 


June 


5 


C. S. 4259; 

Aug.,190li. 

....do 

C. S. 4237; 

Mar., 1905. 
C. S. 4221; 

June, 1905. 


...do.. 

...do.. 
June 

...do. 


f 


do 


...do. 




....do 


...do. 




....do 


...do. 




do 


...do. 




do 


June 


8 


C. S. 4259; 

Aug., 1906. 
C. S. 4221 ; 

June, 1905. 


...do. 
...do. 




do 


...do. 




C. S. 4269; 
Feb., 1909. 


June 


9 


do 


...do. 


10 


.do 


...do. 


C. S. 4222; 
Jan., 1909. 


June 


do 


...do. 




do 


...do. 





Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5446 
D. 5447 



D. 5448 



D.5449 
D.5450 

D. 5451 



D. 5452 
D. 5453 
D. 5454 
D. 5455 
D.5456 
D. 5457 



D. 5458 
D. 5459 



D.5460 



East coast of Luzon, San Ber- 
nardino Strait to San Miguel 
Boy— Continued . 

Atalaya Pt., Batag Id., S. 

64° E., 5.3 miles (12° 43' 

51" N., 124° 59' 18" E.). 
S. Miguel Pt., 8. 7° W., 3.5 

miles (13° 28' N., 123° 46' 

18" E.) 
Tabaco Bay (west of S. 

Miguel Pt.). 

S. Miguel Pt., N. 23° E., 1.5 
miles (13° 23' 10" N., 123° 
45' 19" E.). 

Batan Id. (north, west of 
Camisog Pt.). 

East Pt. (Batan Id.), S. 43° 

E., 7.9 miles (13° 21' 36", N., 

124° 00' 30" E.). 
East Pt. (Batan Id.), S. 36° 

E., 9.2 miles (13° 23' 15" N., 

124° 00' 30" E.). 

East Pt. (Batan Id.), S. 38° 
E., 8.2 miles (13° 22' 22" N., 
124° 00' 48" E.). 

Batan Id. (southwest, of Ba- 
tan). 

Rapurapu Id. (Babayon Pt.) 

Albay G., Yaua River 



Legaspi Lt., S. 38° W..3 miles 

(13° 11' 54" N., 123° 47' 10" 

E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 58° W., 4.5 

miles (13° 12' N., 123° 49' 

18" E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 64° W., 5.7 

miles (13° 12' N., 123° 50' 

30" E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 70° W., 6.7 

miles (13° 11' 51" N., 123° 

51' 42" E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 76° W., 6.7 

miles (13° 11' 10" N., 123° 

51' 52" E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 60° W., 5 

miles (13° 12' N., 123° 49' 

40" E.). 
Batan Id., Caracaran Bay. . . 

Legaspi Lt., S. 84° W., 14 

miles (13° 10' 54" N., 123° 

59' 38" E.). 
Legaspi Lt., S. 88° W., 14.3 

miles (13° 10' 21" N., 123° 

59' 54" E.). 
Catanduanes Id., Cabugao 

Bay (east). 

Catanduanes Id., Cabugao 

River. 
Catanduanes Id., Cabugao 

Bay. 
Catanduanes Id., Agojo Pt. 



Sialat Pt. Lt,, N. 24° E., 8.2 
miles (13° 32' 30" N., 123° 
58'06"E.). » 

Palumbanes Ids., Porong- 
pong Id. (southwest). 



1.25 p. m. 
1.58 p. m. 

5.37 a. m. 
6.14 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
8.55 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 

2.38 p. m. 



3.19 p. m. 
3.52 p. m. 



8.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 

8.51 a. m. 

9.44 a. m. 
10.46 a. m. 
11.57 a. m. 
12.55 p. m. 

9.40 a. in. 

1.00 p. m. 
2.04 p. m. 

3.41 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
7.00 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 



8.37 a. m. 



9.22 a. m: 
3.00 p. m. 



fms. 
300 



310 



*300 
408 



*380 



*110 
*146 
*153 
*105 
*142 
*146 

*200 
*201 



gn. M. 



gn. M. 



co. S. 



S.,Co. 



gn. M., Co. 



S.,Co 

tide pools. 
Co 



565 



S.,Co 



R., Co., grass. 



co. S. 
gy. M. 
S^Co! 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 69 

. Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




°F. 


o 
o 

m 
"F. 


a 

o 

o 

n 


1 

Sur- '• Bot- 
faee. torn. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


O 

a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F, 










h. to. 






Therm, failed to 
register. 


84 


83 








12' Agz botm... 28 


S. 83° E... 


1.6 


45.3 






83 


85 






12' Agz. . . hnt.m 21 


N. 64° E .. 


1 5 










dyn 


10-15 ft J 3 00 
botm... 21 
8-10 ft.. 4 3D 






86 


86 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


S. 64° E... 


.s 












85 


86 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


21 


N . 


1.4 




42.3 










85 
79 


86 

84 






12' Agz.; m. b. 
int. 5 § 


botm... 
280 fms. 
10ft.... 


28 

21 
12 

8 00 

2 00 
4 30 

9 30 

14 
20 
21 
14 

19 

7 

20 

3 30 
23 

20 

2 30 

8 00 

1 30 

2 30 


N 


1.9 

1.0 










S. 61° E... 










10 shots. 
































8-12 ft.. 






4 shots. 












25' seine; dyn. 
12' Agz 

12' Agz 

12' Agz 

12' Agz 

int. 4§ 

12' Agz 








85 
85 
86 
86 
87 
85 


85 
86 
86 
86 
86 
85 








botm... 

botm... 

botm... 

botm... 

120 fms. 

botm... 

6-10 ft., 
botm... 

botm... 

10-18ft. 


N. 48° E.. 

• 

E 


1.0 
1.1 
1.2 
1.1 
1.3 
1.4 


















S. 79° E... 
S. 63° E... 
N. 88° W.. 
S. 72° E... 


































13 shots. 


87 
85 


85 
*5 








12' Agz 

12' Agz.; m. b. 


S. 56° E... 
N.86° W.. 


.6 

.8 


















6 shots. 












dyn.; 25' seine, 
dip; e. 1 


















surface . 
12ft.... 






















13 shots. 


















Therm, failed to 


86 


85 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 

8-20 ft.. 


14 
2 30 


N.43 W. 


2.0 


register. 








dyn 


5 shots. 





















59395°— 11- 



-15 



70 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydro-graphic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 




East coast of Luzon, San Ber- 
nardino Strait to San Miguel 
Ba y— Continued. 

Palumbanes Ids., "West 

Id." (west). 
Lahuy Id., Pocket Bay 

(west). 
Quinalasag Id., Masamat 

Bay. 
Quinalasag Id., Masamat 

Bay (east). 
Butauanan Id. (west and 


C. S. 4222; 

Jan., 1909. 

...i.do 

do 


1909. 
June 11 

...do.... 

...do.... 


7.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 

7.00 p. m. 

6.00 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 

6.30 a. m. 
3.30 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
6.30 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 

7.00 p. m. 


fms. 1 
co. R . . . 




co. S 










do 

C. S. 4223: 


June 12 

...do.... 

June 13 
...do.... 

June 14 

...do.... 
...do.... 

June 15 
...do 




S.,Co 






S., Co 




south). June, 1908. 
Butauanan Id. (south) do 


Co.,S 




Maculabo Id. (west) 


C. S. 4715; 




Co 




do 


Apr., 1907. 
do 








Co 




S. Miguel Bay, Colasi Pt 

Caringo Id. (W.), N. 12° W., 
4.9 miles (13° 57' 42" N., 
123° 06' 42" E.). 

Canimo Pass, Daet Pt 

Canimo Pass, Basut River... 


C. S. 4223; 

June, 1908. 

do 

do 

do 












D. 5461 


7.10 p. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
9.00 a. m. 
5.50 a. m. 
6.44 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
10.28 a. m. 

2.14 p. m. 

7.30 p m 
7.30 a. m. 
7.30 a. m. 
8.39 a. m. 

10.40 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 


11 






Co., S 








D. 5462 


Sialat Lt., S. 80° E., 5 miles 
(13° 40' 42" N., 123° 56' 30" 
E.). 

Lagonoy G., Palag Bay (east) 
Sialat Pt. Lt., S. 74° E., 3.9 

miles (13° 40' 57" N., 123° 

57' 45" E.). 
Sialat Pt. Lt., N. 82° E., *l 

miles (13° 39' 15" N., 123° 

57' 15" E.). 
Lagonoy G., Alto Pt. aneh... 


C. S. 4222... 
Jan., 1909. 

do 

do 

do 

.. ..do 


June 16 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

.do 


409 


gy. M 










Co.,R 


D. 5463 


*300 
*400 


S.* 


D. 5464 






S., Co 




Lagonoy G. , Rosa Id 

Lagonoy G., Bato River 


do 

do 


...do.... 
June 17 
...do 

...do 

...do.... 

...do 








D. 5465 
D. 5466 


Atulayan Id. (E.), S. 50° W., 

7.3 miles (13° 39' 42" N., 

123° 40' 39" E.). 
Atulayan Id. (E.), S. 62° W., 

7.7 miles (13° 38' 36" N., 

123° 41' 45" E.). 
Lagonoy G., Atulayan Bay 

(south). 
Lagonoy G., Atulayan Bay 

(west). 
Lagonoy G., Atulayan Bay 

(anch.). 
Lagonoy G. , Nato River 


do 

do 

do 

do 


*500 
*540 


gy. M. (m. b.) 

gy. M. (m. b.) 

S., R 




6.30 p. m. 








do 


...do.... 


8.00 p. m. 

6.30 a. m. 
7.00 a. m. 

7.52 a. m. 
9.58 a. m. 

1.29 p. m. 
3.26 p. m. 

7.30 p. m. 
9.17 a. m. 

11.12 a. m. 








do 


June 18 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do 

...do 

June 19 

...do 








Lagonoy G., Atulayan Id. 

(east). 
Atulayan Id. (S.), S. 79° W., 

2.5 miles (13° 35' 27" N., 

123° 37' 18" E.). 
Atulayan Id. (S.), S. 83° W., 

5.7 miles (13° 35' 39" N., 

123° 40' 28" E:). 
Atulayan Id. (E.), S. 63° W., 

4 miles (13° 36' 48" N., 123° 

38' 24" E.). 
Atulayan Id. (E.), S. 68° W., 

6.7 miles (13° 37' 30" N., 

123° 41' 09" E.). 
Lagonoy G., Nato anch 


do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 




Co.,S. 


D. 5467 
D.5468 
D. 5469 
D. 5470 


*480 
*569 
*500 
*560 


gy. M. (m. b.) 

• 

gn. M. (m. b.) 

gn. M. (net) 

M.* 






D.5471 


Sialat Pt. Lt., N. 71° E., 15 

miles (13° 34' 57" N., 123° 

47' 06" E.). 
Sialat Pt. Lt., N. 63° E., 13.6 

miles (13° 33' 36" N., 123° 

49' E.). 


do 

do 


*568 
*550 




D. 5472 









DREDGING AND HYDEOGRAPHTC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— -Continued. 



71 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




'J2 


<2 


6 
o 

o 

ft 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


°F. 


°F. 








8-10 ft.. 
12-15 ft. 

surface. 

10ft.... 

8ft 

10ft... 
15-25ft. 
surface . 
8-18 ft.. 


h. m. 

2 00 

3 00 
1 00 
3 30 

3 00 

4 30 
1 30 

1 30 
4 30 

2 00 

12 00 

17 

2 45 
10 00 




mi. 
































dip; e. 1 
























































































dip; e. 1 


































copper sul- 
phate. 


























84 


86 








25' Agz 


botm... 
5-10 ft.. 


E 


2.5 




























0.0 








41.3 














83 


85 






25' Agz 


botm... 

8-25 ft., 
botm... 

botm... 

surface . 
8- 10 ft.. 


17 

5 30 
16 

10 

1 00 
4 30 

4 30 
20 

22 

2 30 
11 00 

1 00 

11 00 

5 00 

42 

33 

42 

34 

1 00 
29 

25 


S. 35° E... 


1.5 


Bridle stops and 
one preventer 
carried away. 

24 shots. 








83 
84 


84 
85 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.; m. b. 
dip; e. 1 


S. 82° W.. 
S. 40° W.. 


.8 




















ried away; net 
badly torn. 
































1.5 
1.6 

1.6 




83 

84 


84 
86 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.; m. b. 

130' seine, 2 

wings. 


botm... 
botm... 
15ft.... 


S. 59° E... 
S. 63° E. . . 


















3 hauls. 




























dip; e. 1 


surface . 




















4.5 
















8-10ft.. 
botm... 

botm... 

botm... 

botm... 

surface . 
botm... 

botm... 




10 shots. 


83 
85 
84 
84 


85 
86 
86 
86 








12' Agz.; m. b. 
12' Agz.: m. b. 

12' Agz 

12' Agz 


N. 89° E. . 
E 


2.7 
2.1 
2.8 
1.6 


















N. 86° E . . 
S. 50° E... 


• 
















dip; e. 1 

12' Agz 

12' Agz 




80 
83 


84 

85 






S. 60°E... 
S. 62°E...i 


2.1 










1.7 I Bridle stops and 








lashing carried 
away; load lost. 



72 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and -Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5473 



D. 5474 
D. 5475 
D. 5476 



H.4930 
H.4931 



H.4932 
D. 5477 
D. 5478 
D. 5479 
D. 5480 



D. 5481 
D.5482 
D. 5483 
D. 5484 
H. 4933 



Position. 



East coast of Luzon, San Ber- 
nardino Strait to San Miguel 
Bay — Continued . 

East Pt. (Batan), S. 20" E., 
8.9 miles (13° 24' 15" N., 
124° 02' 48" E.). 

Albay G., between Paron 
and Jesus Pt. 

Batan Id., East Pt 



Rapurapu Id 

Batan Id., Batan anch. 
Port Gubat (Luzon). . . 



S. Bernardino Lt., S. 6° W., 
8.4 miles (12° 53' 48" N., 
124° 18' E.). 

S. Bernardino Lt., S. 27° W., 
11 miles (12° 55' 26" N., 
124° 22' 12" E.). 

S. Bernardino Lt., S. 37° W., 
13.5 miles (12° 56' 24" N., 
124° 25' 24" E.). 

Langao Pt. (extreme south- 
ern Luzon). 

Between Samar and Leyte, 
vicinity of Surigao Strait. 

Bito Lake and River (Leyte). 



Abuyog (Leyte) 

Tacbue Pt. (Leyte), S. 81°W., 

16 miles (10° 46' 24" N., 

125° 17' 33" E.). 
Pagbabacnan Pt. (Malhon 

Id.), S. 79° E., 16.5 miles 

(10° 45' 10" N., 125° 27' 48" 

E.). 

Casogoran (Malhon Id.) 

Gigoso Pt., Quinapundan 

Bay (Samar). 
San Roque (Leyte) 



Tacbue Pt. (Leyte), N. 79° 

W., 9.5 miles (10° 42' 10" 

N., 125° 10' 36" E.). 
Tacbue Pt. (Leyte), S. 87° 

W., 11 miles (10° 44' 45" N., 

125° 12' 30" E.). 
Tacbue Pt. (Levte), S. 80° 

W., 15.2 miles (10° 46' 24" 

N., 125° 16' 30" E.). 
Tacbue Pt. (Leyte), S. 78° 

W., 16.5 miles "(10° 47' 15" 

N., 125° 17' 50" E.). 
Tacbue Pt. (Leyte), S. 87° 

W., 17.3 miles (10° 44' 36" 

N., 125° 19' E.). 
Hinunangan Bay (Leyte)... 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.), 
N. 86° W., 3.8 miles (10° 
27' 30" N., 125° 17' 10" E.). 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.), 
N. 87° W., 4.5 miles (10° 
27' 30" N., 125° 18' E.). 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.), 
N. 88° W., 5.7 miles (10° 
27' 30" N., 125° 19' 15" E.). 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.), 
S. 88° W., 6.4 miles (10° 28' 
N., 125° 20' E.). 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.), 
N. 70° W., 9.1 miles (10° 
24' 37" N., 125° 22' 15" E.). 



C. S. 4221; 
June, 1905. 

....do 

C. S. 4259; 
Aug., 1906. 

do 

do 

C. S. 4258; 

Jan., 19C3. 
C. S. 4220; 

May, 1907. 

do 



....do 



.do... 



C. S. 4423; 

June, 1905. 

....do.... 

....do.... 



.do 



Date. 



1909. 
June 19 



June" 21 

June 22 

...do 

...do 

June 23 

June 24 

...do 

...do 

...do 



July 26 



...do 

July 27 



..do. 



..do do 

..do July 28 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1907. 
....do 



..do 



C. S. 4423; 
June, 1905. 



...do.. 



...do.. 



C, S. 4719; 

Aug., 1907. 

do 



...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 



July 29 
...do.!.., 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do 

July 30 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 



Time of 

day. 



2.05 p. m. 
2.49 p. m. 

1.00 p.m. 

8.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
8.00 p.m. 
1.00 p.m. 

7.18 a. m. 
7.37 a. m. 

8.51 a. m. 
9.15 a. m. 

10.29 a. m. 
11.02 a. m. 

3.30 p. m. 



8.00 a. m. 
7.02 a. m. 



10.30 a. m. 
11.00 a. m. 



9.30 a. m. 
10.02 a. m. 



10.23 a. m. 
10.33 a. m. 

11.33 a. m. 
11.44 a. m. 

1.02 p. m 
1.16 p. m 

2.03 p. m 
2.12 p.m. 



8.18 a. m. 
8.28 a. m. 

8.56 a. m. 
9.11 a. m. 

9.48 a. m. 
10.00 a. m. 

10.33 a. m. 
10.44 a. m. 

12.02 p.m. 



Depth. 



fms. 
545 





Co., S 


124 


Co 






195 


Sh 






270 


fne. S 







Character of 
bottom. 



gy. M., S. 



Co 

Co., S 
S., Co. 



Co. 



crs. S., Sh. 



S., Co. 
S., Co. 

Co., S. 

gy. M. 
gy. m. 



Sh.... 

gy. M. 



fne. S. 



Co., S 

S., Sh., G. 



brk. Sh., S., gn. M 
S., brk. Sh 



S., brk. Sh. 



gn. M., S., brk. 
Sh. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



73 






Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. Drift. 




"jr. 


u 

3 
°F 


E 
o 

a 

- 


Sur- 
face 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Uon a " Direction. 


o 

5 


Remarks. 


40.3 










h. in. 


mi. 




85 


86 






12' Agz 


botm. . . 
10 ft.... 
7-12 ft.. 
10-15 ft. 


15 S 41 ° F. 


1.2 


Bridle stops car- 
ried away. 








4 00 

3 30 

5 00 
1 00 

4 00 


















































dip; e. 1 




















8-15ft.. 


























82 


82 






12' Agz 


botm. . . 


16 S. 58° W . . 


.8 




59.3 








85 


82 




12' Agz 


botm... 


16 1 N. 82° W.. 


1.2 




48.3 






84 


83 




12' Agz 

dyn 


botm. . . 
6-15ft.. 


26 N.84°W 


1.0 










2 00 

12 00 
4 00 
















dyn., sml. 

seines. 
130' seine 




4.0 














12 ft.... 
























































9- 18 ft.. 
6-f0ft.. 

8-15 ft.. 


6 00 
5 15 

5 45 






18 shots. 


















17 shots. 


















25 shots. 










































86 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S. 64° E... 


1.0 












87 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 


14 


S. 74° E... 


.7 












87 


84 






12' Agz j botm... 


20 


S. 51° E... 


.8 












88 


84 








12' Agz botm... 

dyn i 10-15ft. 


20 
8 00 


E 


.7 












20 shots. 


















84 


83 








12' Agz i botm... 

Tnr. sdr. (e)...l 


20 


E. by S... 


1.0 












84 


83 








12' Agz botm... 


24 


E. |S 


1.2 












84 


83 








12' Agz botm... 


21 


N. 58° E.. 


1.2 












85 


83 






12' Agz botm... 


30 


N.70°E... 


1.2 







































74 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Position. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5485 

D. 5486 
D.5487 

D. 5488 
D. 5489 

D. 5490 
D. 5491 
D. 5492 
D. 5493 
D. 5494 
D. 5495 

D.5496' 

D. 5497 
D. 5498 

D. 5499 
D.5500 

D. 5501 
D.5502 



Between Samar and Leytc, 
vicinity of Surigao Strait- 
Continued. 

Cabugan Grande Id. (N.;, 
N. 59" W., 10.5 miles (10° 
22' 15" N., 125° 22' 30" E.). 

Between Leyle and Mindanao. 

Botobolo Pt. (Panaon Id.), 
S. 19° W., 6 miles (10° 02' 
N., 125° 19' 20" E.). 

San Ricardo Pt. (Panaon 
Id.), S. 50° E., 11.2 miles 
(10° 02' 45" N., 125° 05' 33" 
E.). 



San Ricardo 
Id.), S. 59° 



( Panaon 
9 miles 



(10° N., 125° 6' 45" E.). 
San Ricardo Pt. (Panaon 



Id.), N. 42° 
(9° 50' 30" N. 



E., 6.6 miles 
125° 10' E.) 



San Ricardo Pt., N. 9° E., 

23.9 miles (9° 32' N , 125° 

11' E.) 
Diuata Pt. (W.), S. 9° W., 

19.3 miles (9° 24' N., 125° 

12' E.). 
Diuata Pt. (W.), S. 45° W., 

15.2 miles (9° 12' 45" N., 

125° 20' E.). 
Diuata Pt. (N.), N. 84° W., 

5.5 miles (9° 04' N., 125° 20' 

Diuata Pt. (N.), N. 74° W., 

4.2 miles (9° 06' 30" N., 125° 

18' 40" E.). 
Diuata Pt. (N.), S. 76° E., 9.4 

miles (9° 06' 30" N., 125° 

00' 20" E.). 
Mahinog River, Camiguin 

Id. (mouth). 

Mahinog, Camiguin Id 

Bantigui Id., N. 64° W., 7 

miles(9°08'26"N.,124°57' 

E.). 

Bantigui Id., N. 64° W., 10 

miles (9° 07' 15" N., 124° 59' 

30" E.). 
Bantigui Id., N. 64° W., 10 

miles (9° 07' 15" N., 124° 59' 

30" E.). 

Northern Mindanao and vicin- 
ity. 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 20° E., 11.6 miles 
(8° 41' 30" N., 124° 35' 40" 
E.). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 20° E., 7.9miles (8° 
37' 45" N., 124° 36' 45" E.). 

Opol, Macajalar Bay (Minda- 
nao). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 35° E.,8.2miles(8° 
37' 37" N., 124° 35' E.). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 35° E., 8.2miles (8° 
37' 37" N., 124° 35' E.). 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug. ,1907. 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug. 1907. 

do.... 

do 

do 

..do 

..do 

..do 

..do 

..do 

..do 

• 

..do 



..do.... 
..do.... 



.do... 
.do... 



C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1907. 



C. S. 4644; 

July, 1905. 
C. S. 4719: 

Aug., 1907. 

....do 



1909. 

July 30 



July 31 
...do 

...do.. 
...do 

Aug. 1 . . 
...do.... 

...do 

Aug. 2... 

..do 

..do 

Aug. 3... 

..do.... 
..do.... 

..do 

..do 



Aug. 4.. 



.do.... 
.do 



12.42 p. m. 
12.57 p. m. 



8.37 a. m. 
9.20 a. m. 

1.11 p. in. 
2.03 p. m. 



3.59 p. m. 
4.52 p. m. 

7.21 p. m. 



5.10 a. m. 
6.20 a. m. 

8.25 a. m. 
10.12 a. m. 

12.42 p. m. 
1.31 p. m. 

6.13 a. m. 
7.03 a. m. 

8.30 a. m. 
9.17 a. m. 

12.44 p. m. 
1.54 p. m. 

2.30 a. m. 

6.30 a. m. 
7.40 a. m. 
8.46 a. m. 



fms. 

103 gn. M. 



9.55 a. m. 
10.59 a. m. 



2.50 p. m. 



9.10 a. m. 
9.50 a. m. 



11.05 a. m. 
11.25 a. m. 



1.00 p. m. 



1.50 p. m. 
2.28 p. m. 



3.28 p. m. 



585 

732 gn. M. 



772 



830 



736 
735 



478 
678 
976 



788 



960 



267 



gn. M. 



gn. M. 



gn. M., Co. 
gy. M 



gn. M 

gn. M., S.. 
gy. M 



S.,Co. 



gn. M., fne. S 

gn. M., fne. S 

gn. M., fne. S 



gn. M. 



S., Co 

fne. S., gy. M. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



75 






Tempera- 
tures. 



80 83 



82 



S3 



S5 



Ml 



84 



52.1 
52.3 



Density. 



Sur- 
face. 



52.3 



52.5 
52.3 
52.3 
52.1 
53.3 
52.3 



52.3 



52.3 



52.3 



53.5 



54.3 



Bot- 
tom. 



Apparatus. 



Tur. sdr. (e). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 

12' Agz 

K.2 

int. 4§ 



K. 5. 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Trial. 



Depth. 



botm... 



botm... 21 



Dura- 
tion. 



ft. m. 



botm... 23 



botm... 
10ft.... 
50fms.. 

surface . 
botm... 
botm... 
botm... 



Luc. sdr. (a). 

12' Agz botm. 



Luc. sdr. (a)...! 

12' Agz j botm... 

K.5 surface. 

Luc. sdr. (a)... 

12' Agz botm... 

.K.5 ! 600fms. 

25' seine; dyn 



Drift. 



Direction. 



N.40°E.. 



S. 37° E...I 3.0 
i. 



S. 65° E... 2.7 



S. 43° E.. 
S. 43° E.. 
S 



S.28°E. 



S.45°E... 
S.14 V E."! 

N.~32° w!! 



Remarks. 



. 9 Whole apparatus 
carried away. 



35 i N.5°E... 



35 



35 
33 

3 00 



dyn 

Luc. sdr. (a) 

12' Agz botm.. 



12-20ft. 10 00 
16 



N.5°E. 



S.17°E... 
S. 17° E... 



2.3 
3.0 



3. 2 
3.2 



2.7 
2.0 



Luc. sdr. (a). 

int.4§ 



12' Agz. 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (a). 
int.4§ 



dyn. 



800 fms. 
botm... 



botm. 



200 fms. 18 

13 

5-12 ft.. 4 30 



Luc. sdr. (a) 

12'Tnr botm... 20 



12' Tnr botm. 



S.52°E. 



S.60°E. 



2. S 



Mouth of river. 

21 shots. 

Lost apparatus 
and 1,000 fms. 
wire. 



2.6 



S.48°E... 3.4 



N.76°E... 



S.67°E. 



1.9 



Bridle stops lost 
frame twisted. 



20 shots. 



S.38°E.. 



S.38°E... 1.7 



76 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 


D. 5503 


Northern Mindanao and vicin- 
ity — Continued. 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 31° E., 6.6miles (8° 
36' 26" N., 124° 36' 08" E.). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 39° E., 6 miles (8° 
35' 30" N., 124° 36' E.). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S. 31° E., 7.7 miles (8° 
37' 15" N., 124° 36' E.). 

Macabalan Pt. Lt. (Minda- 
nao), S.41° E.,12.2miles (8° 
40' N., 124° 31' 45" E.). 

Camp Overton Lt., Iligan 
Bay (Mindanao), S. 1° E., 

8.6 miles (8° 21' 12" N., 124° 
12' 06" E.). 

Camp Overton Lt., Iligan 
Bay, S. 6" E., 4.9 miles (8° 
17' 24" N., 124° 11' 42" E.). 

Camp Overton, Iligan Bay 
(Mindanao). 

Nonucan R., Iligan Bay 
(near Camp Overton). 

Camp Overton Lt., S. 61° E., 

5.7 miles (8° 15' 24" N., 124° 
07' 18" E.). 

Camp Overton Lt., S. 08° E., 

9.1 miles (8° 16' N., 124° 03' 

50" E.). 
Camp Overton Lt., S. 80° E., 

15.3 miles (8° 15' 20" N., 

123° 57' E.). 
Camp Overton Lt., S. 76° E.. 

14 miles (8° 16' 02" N., 123° 

58' 26" E.). 
Camp Overton Lt., S. 67° E., 

10.3 miles (8° 16' 45" N., 

124° 02' 4S"E.). 
Camp Overton Lt., S. 34° E., 

24.3 miles (8° 32' 42" N., 

123° 58' 36" E.). 
Camp Overton Lt., S. 26° E., 

24.6 miles (8° 34' 48" N., 

124° 01' 24" E.). 

Inamucan Bay (Mindanao).. 
do 


C. S. 4719; 
Aug., 1907. 

do 

do 


1909. 
Aug. 4... 

Aug. 5... 

...do 


4.10 p. m. 
4.38 p. m 

5.50 a. m. 
6.15 a. m 


fms. 
226 


gn. M. 








D. 5504 


200 


gn. M. 








D. 5505 








do 

C. S. 4613; 
June, 1906. 

do 

do 

do 


...do 

...do.... 

...do.... 

Aug. 6... 
...do 


7.25 a. m. 

8.40 a. m. 
9.12 a. m. 

1.09 p.m. 


*220 
262 




D.5506 


gn. M. 








D.5507 


425 


gn. M. 


fne. S 


D.5508 


2.53 p. m. 
3.17 p. m 

8.00 a. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

8.06 a. m. 
8.36 a. m. 

9.53 a. m. 
10.31 a. m. 

11.46 a. m. 
12.18 p. m 

1.09 p. m. 
1.46 p. m. 

3.07 p. m. 
3.53 p.'m 

7.58 a. m. 
8.50 a. m. 


270 


gn. M. 


fne. S 






Co.,S. 










D. 5509 


do 

do...,. 

do 

.....do 

do 

do 

do 


Aug. 7... 

...do 

...do 

...do.... 
...do.... 

Aug. 8... 
...do 


377 


gy. M. 








D. 5510 


423 


gy. M. 


fne. S 


D.5511 


410 


gy- M. 


S 


D. 5512 


445 


gy- m. 


fne. S 


D 5513 


505 


gy. M. 


fne. S 


D.5514 


697 


gn. M. 


S 


D. 5515 








do 

do 


...do.... 
Aug. 9... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 
...do.... 

Aug. 10. . 

...do.... 

...do 

...do 


10.42 a. m. 

2.30 p. m. 
5.30 a. m. 
9.30 a. m. 

9.57 a. m. 
10.21 a. m. 

11.00 a. m. 
11.21 a. m. 

12.36 p. m. 
12.55 p. m. 
1.38 p. m. 

1.56 p. m. 

6.02 a. m. 
6.20 a. m. 

7.24 a. m. 
7.51 a. m. 

8.40 a. m. 
9.11 a. m. 

9.57 a. m. 










R.,Co 

s 








Murcielagos Bay (Mindanao). 

Pt. Tagolo Lt. (Mindanao), 

S. 80° W., 9.7 miles (8° 46' 

N., 123° 32' 30" E.). 
Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 83° W., 

10.5 miles (8° 45' 30" N., 

123° 33' 45" E.). 
Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 64° W., 8.7 

miles (8°48'N.,123°31'E.). 
Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 71° W., 8.7 

miles (8°47' N., 123°31'15" 

Pt. Tagolo Lt., N. 48° E., 4.5 
miles (8° 41' 15" N., 123° 18' 
30" E.). 

Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 11° E., 3 
miles (8° 47' N., 123° 22' 30" 
E.). 

Silino Id. (west) 


C. S. 4641; 

Apr., 1902. 
C. S. 4723; 

Oct., 1905. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 




Co., S. 
Glob.. 




D.5516 


175 








D. 5517 


169 


Glob.. 








D. 5518 


200 


gy. M. 


Glob 


D. 5519 


182 


Glob., 


S 






D. 5520 


102 








D. 5521 


221 


fne. S. 












S.,Co. 
Glob.. 




D. 5522 


Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 39° W., 6 
miles (8° 49' N., 123° 26' 30" 
E.). 


do 


230 

















DREDGING AND HYDEOGEAPHIC EECOEDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



77 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




°F. 


<L> 
O 
3 

m 
"F. 


S 

o 

o 

P5 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


O 

s 


Remarks. 


°F. 
53.3 






Luc.sdr. (a)... 




ft. Wl. 




mi. 




83 


86 






12'Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S.2°E.... 


1.2 




54.3 








77 


83 






12'Tnr 


botm... 


20 


N.7° W... 


1.7 












79 


83 








12' Tnr 

Luc.sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


24 


N.18°W.. 


1.4 




53.3 








84 


82 








12' Tnr 

Luc.sdr. (a).. . 


botm... 


14 


N. 24° W . . 


1.7 




52.8 








85 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S.8° W.... 


1.0 




53.3 








84 


85 






12'Tnr 

dyn 


botm... 
6-12 ft.. 


24 
8 00 
8 30 


S.2°E.... 


1.8 










10 shots. 












dyn 




3.5 








53.0 














79 


82 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


23 


N. 34° W.. 


1.4 




53.0 








83 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


7 


S.44" W .. 


1.6 


Net badly torn. 


53.0 








84 


85 






12'Tnr 


botm... 


20 


N.64°E... 


1.9 




52.8 








91 


86 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


N.74°E... 


2.2 




52.8 








84 


85 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


15 


S.83°E... 


1.7 


Beam frame 


52.3 






sprung; net torn. 


81 


83 




12' Tnr 


botm... 


27 


N.47°E... 


3.0 


Net fouled over 








beam. 


85 


83 








12' Tnr 


botm . . . 

8-15 ft.. 
3ft 
6-25 ft.. 


28 

3 00 
2 00 

4 15 


S.20°W .. 


1.6 


No sounding, 








depth about 700 
fms. 
11 shots. 












430' seine 






3 hauls. 
















15 shots. 






54.3 














85 


84 








12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S.63° E... 


1.2 




54.3 








83 


85 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


18 


S.50°E... 


1.1 




54.0 








84 


85 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


21 


S.9°E.... 


1.2 




54.3 








83 


85 






12'Tnr 


botm... 


43 


S. 14° E... 


1.6 




61.3 








79 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


24 


N.13°E... 


1.3 


No bottom sam- 


53.3 






ple in sounding 
cup. 


81 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 
10-20ft. 


4 
3 00 


N.52E.... 


.9 


Whole apparatus 








carried away 
13 shots. 






52.3 














si 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


18 


S.79°E... 


1.2 


Net fouled over 








beam. 



78 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5523 
D.5524 

D. 5525 
D. 5526 
D. 5527 
D. 5528 
D. 5529 
D. 5530 
D. 5531 

D. 5532 

D. 5533 
D. 5534 
D.5535 

D. 5536 
D. 5537 
D. 5538 
D«5539 
D.5540 



Position. 



Northern Mindanao and vicin- 
ity— Continued. 

Pt. Tagolo Lt., S. 48° W., 6.7 

miles (8° 48' 44" N., 123° 27' 

35" E.). 
Pt. Tagolo Lt.,S. 34° W., 17 

miles (8° 58' 07" N., 123° 32' 

45" E.). 

Between Siquijor and Bohol 
Ids. 



(C.),N.11°W., 
(9° 12' 30" N., 

(C.)',N.15°W., 
(9° 12' 45" N., 
E.) 

(C.),N. 14° W., 
' 22' 30" N., 123° 

(C), N. 15° E., 
' 24' 45" N., 123° 

(C.), N.11°E., 
1 23' 45" N., 123° 



(C), N.32 8 E., 
26' 45" N., 123° 

(C), N. 43° E., 
27' 30" N., 123° 



Balicasag Id. 
18.2 miles 
123° 44' 07" 

Balicasag Id 
18.4 miles 
123° 45' 30' 

Balicasag Id. 

8.2 miles (9' 
42' 40" E.) 

Balicasag Id. 
5.8 miles (9' 
39' 15" E.) 

Balicasag Id. 
6.9 miles (9' 
39' 30" E.). 

Balicasag Id. 

4.3 miles (9' 
38' 30" E.). 

Balicasag Id. 
4.2miles(9' 
38' 00" E.). 



Between Masbate and Leyte. 

Gigantangan Id. (S.), S. 33° 
E., 3.8 miles (11° 36' 39" N., 
124° 13' 30" E.). 

Between Cebu and Siquijor. 

Balicasag Id. (C), N. 71° E.. 

9.4 miles (9° 27' 15" N., 123° 

31' 48" E.). 
Balicasag Id. (C.), N. 72° E.. 

14.7 miles (9° 26' 00" N., 

123° 26' 37" E.). 
Apo Id. (C), S. 24° W.,17 

miles (9° 20' 30" N., 123° 23' 

45" E.). 



Between Negros and Siquijor. 



11.8 

s 22' 



Apo Id 
miles 
00" E 

Apo Id 
miles 
00" E 

Apo Id 
miles 
23' 20 

Apo Id 
miles 
24' 45 

Apo Id 
miles 
24' 30 



. (C), S. 26° W., 
(9° 15' 45" N., 123 

. (C), S. 46° W 
(9° 11' 00" N., 123 

'. (C), S. 64° W 

" 08' 15" N., 
" E.). 
(C), N. 78° W. 
(9° 03' 20" N., 

(C.). N. 76° W 

(9° 03' 00" N., 
'" E.). 



,8.7 
"23' 



,7.3 
123° 



,8.2 
123° 



,8.1 
123° 



Chart. 



C. S. 4723; 
Oct., 1905. 

....do 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 

do 



..do 

..do 

..do 

..do 



..do 



C. S. 471S; 
Dec, 1906. 



C, S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 



...do. 



C. S. 4718; 
Dec, 1906. 

do 

....do 

do 

do 



Date. 



1909. 
Aug. 10 



.do... 



Aug. 11 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



..do 

Aug. 13 

Aug. 19 

..do 

..do 

Aug. 19 

..do 

..do 

..do 

..do 



Time of 
day. 



1.06 p. m. 
1.51 p. m. 



9.29 a. m. 

10.36 a. m. 

1.07 p. m. 
1.38 p. m. 

3.0S p. m. 
3.42 p. m. 

4.44 p. m. 
5.19 p. m. 

7.14 p. m. 



7.49 p. m. 



7.14 p. m. 



5.30 a. m. 
6.08 a. m. 



8.23 a. m. 
8.53 a. m. 



10.38 a. m. 
11.07 a. m. 



12.50 p. m. 
1.36 p. m. 

3.15 p.m. 
3.39 p. m. 

4.55 p. m. 
5.20 p. m. 

7.11 p. m. 



7.42 p. m. 



Depth. 



/wis. 



360 



405 
805 



392 
439 

441 



333 
310 



254 
256 



Character of 
bottom. 



gv. M 

gn. M., Glob. 



glob. Oz 

glob. Oz 

gy. M., Glob. 



gn. M., S. 



gy. glob. Oz. 
gy. glob. Oz. 



gn. M. 



gn. M 

gn. M., S. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGEAPHIC RECORDS. 79 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


H 

m 


S 

o 

o 

n 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 




a 

03 

3 


Remarks. 


°F. 


°F. 


°F. 










h. m. 




mi. 




82 


84 








12' Tnr.; m. b. 
Luc. sdr. (a)... 


botm... 


20 


S.22°E... 


1.2 


No sounding. 


52.8 






83 

82 

82 
84 


84 

82 

82 
84 






12' Tnr 

12' Tnr 


botm... 
botm... 


22 

22 


S. 16° W . . 
N. 85° E . . 


1.2 
1.7 




53.3 

52.3 


















12' Tnr 


botm... 


17 


E 


1.8 




53.3 










87 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S. 14° E... 


1.2 




53.3 








87 


85 






12' Tnr 

Luc. sdr. (a) . . 


botm... 


29 


S. 17° E... 


1.3 




53 








85 
84 

83 
86 


85 

84 

S4 
84 






12'Thr.;m.b.. 
int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 

surface . 
surface . 


35 
20 

28 
14 


S. 17° E... 


1.6 


















int. 4 














int. 4 








53.3 














80 


81 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


23 


S. 30° E... 


1.3 




53.3 








82 


82 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S. 64° W . . 


1.8 




53.3 








S3 


84 






12' Tnr 


botm... 


09 


S. 69° W . . 


1.5 


Bridle carried 


53.5 






away at surface, 
causing loss of 
most of catch. 


84 

87 

85 


85 

84 
84 






12' Tnr 

K. 5 


botm... 


20 


S. 60° \V . . 


2.7 




53.5 
























12' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S. 75° W.. 


2.0 




53.3 








83 
83 

83 


83 
83 

83 






12' Tnr 

int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 

surface . 


22 
19 

16 


S. 80° W . . 


1.3 


















int. 4 




' 

















80 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5541 
D. 5542 
D.5543 



D. 5544 



D. 5545 
D. 5546 
D. 5547 
D. 5548 
D. 5549 
D. 5550 

D.'555i 



Northern Mindanao and vi- 
cinity. 

Tagolo Lt., S. 65° W., 12.7 

miles (8° 49' 38" N., 123° 

34' 30" E.). 
Tagolo Lt., S. 70° W 

miles (8° 48' 30" N. 

35' 30" E.). 
Tagolo Lt., S. 75° W., _ 

miles (8° 47' 15" N., 123° 35' 

00" E.). 



13.2 
123° 



12.5 



Murcielagos Bay (Mindanao). 

Cascade River, Murcielagos 

Bay. 
Coronado Pt., S. 37° W., 21.5 

miles (8° 16' 30" N., 122° 26' 

30" E.). 

East of Zamboanga. 
Tictauan Id., east 



Malanipa Id. , northeast , 

Sacol Id., northeast 



Tulnalutan Id., north . 



South of Zamboanga. 

Isabel Channel, Basilan Id... 

Lampinigan Id., north and 

east. 
Balukbaluk Id., west 



Pilas Id., northeast 

Tapiantana Id., north. 

Bulan Id., north 



Tonquil Id., Gumila Reef.. 
Tonquil Id., northwest 

Jolo I. and vicinity. 

Tulayanld '. 



Noble Pt,, Tulayan Id. (E.), 

S. 19° W., 3 miles (6° 04' 

45" N., 121° 20' 20" E.). 
Noble Pt., Tulayan Id. (E.) 

S. 13° W., 5 miles (6° 00' 48" 

N., 121° 20' 32" E.). 
Noble Pt., Tulavan Id. (E.), 

S. 38° E., 9.5 miles (6° 09' 

20" N., 121° 13' 40" E.). 
Jolo Lt. (Jolo), N. 77° E., 14.9 

miles (6° 00' 20" N., 120° 45' 

35" E.). 
Jolo Lt. (Jolo), N. 80° E., 

15.8 miles (6° 01' 15" N., 

120° 44' 20" E.). 
Jolo Lt. (Jolo), N. 83° E., 
15.5 miles (6° 02' 00" N., 120° 

44' 40" E.). 

Sulade Id., north 

Jolo Lt. (E.), N. 60° E., 18 

miles (5° 54' 48" N., 120° 

44' 24" E.). 



C. 8. 4723; 
Oct., 1905. 

do 



....do 



C. S. 4641; 
Apr., 1902. 
....do 



C. S.4723.. 
Oct., 1905. 



C. S. 4511; 
Dec, 1904. 

do 

....do 



.do. 



C. S. 4543; 
May, 1907. 
....do 

C. S. 4511; 
Dec, 1904. 
do. 



C. S. 4512; 
Sept., 1906. 

do 

do 

do 

do 



C. S. 4512; 
Sept., 1906 
do 



Time of 
day. 



1909. 
Aug. 20 

...do 

..do 

..do 

..do 

Sept, 6 



Sept. 8 

..do 

..do 

Sept. 9 



Sept. 11 

..do 

..do 

Sept. 12 



..do 

Sept, 13 



.do.. 



C. S. 4542; 
Apr., 1903. 

....do 



..do 

..do 



..do.. 
..do.. 



..do 

..do 

Sept. 14 
..do 



Sept. 
..do.. 

..do.. 

..do.. 

Sept. 

..do.. 

..do.. 



..do. 
..do. 



5.25 a, m. 
5.51 a. m. 



6.34 a. m. 
6.56 a. m. 



8.46 a. m. 
9.04 a. m. 



1.00 p. m. 
1.00 p. m. 



10.34 a. m. 
11.17 a. m. 



7.45 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
7.00 p. m, 
6.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 



8.30 a. m. 

1.30 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 
9.30 a. m. 

3.00 p. m. 
7.30 p. m. 
8.30 a. m. 
2.00 p. m. 



9.26 a. m. 
9.43 a. m. 



10.34 a. m. 
10.52 a. m. 



1.31 p. m. 
1.51 p. m. 

7.55 a. m. 
8.20 a. m. 

9.09 a. m. 
9.36 a. m. 

10.20 a. m. 
10.46 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
1.46 p. m 
2. 07 p. m 



Depth. 



fms. 
219 



200 
162 



759 



138 
155 



232 
263 



Character of 
bottom. 



fne. S., brk. Sh. 



fne. S., brk. Sh. 
S 



S.,Co. 



gn. M., fne. S 



S., Co., R. 
S.,R.,Co. 



Co 

Co., S.,R. 



S.,Co. 
Co., S. 



Co., S. 



Co 

S., Co. 



Co. 



Co., S. 
Co., S. 



Co.,S 

fne. co. S 



fne. co. S . . . 



S., brk Sh. 



S., Glob., For. 



fne. S., Sh. 



Co., S. 
fne. S. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910— Continued. 



81 






Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 






< 


.2 

H 

3 


i 

o 
o 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


- 
a 

cj 
w 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


°F. 


"F. 
53.3 






Luc. sdr. (a)... 




h. m. 




mi. 




81 


83 






12'Tnr 


botm... 


21 


S. 17° E... 


1.0 












83 


83 








12'Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S. 25° W . . 


1.4 


Net came up torn 
and tangled. 


54.5 






86 


84 






12'Tnr 

dyn 


botm... 
4-12 ft.. 


17 

8 00 
4 30 


S. 20° W . . 


.7 


Bridle stops car- 
ried away, frame 
bent, net badly 
torn. 

22 shots. 




















1.5 








49.8 














82 


81 






int. 4 § 

dyn 

dyn 


GOO fms. 

10-15ft. 
10-18 ft. 


20 

33 

3 30 

2 45 

1 00 

4 00 

3 30 

2 30 

4 00 

1 15 

3 00 

3 30 

2 00 

2 30 
1 00 

3 00 
3 15 

3 00 


N. 49° \V.. 


1.5 






















12 shots. 
















10 shots. 




























dyn 

dyn 

dyn 

dyn 


12-15 ft. 
9-20 ft.. 

10-30ft. 
6-18 ft.. 






Do. 
















16 shots. 
















6 shots. 
















18 shots. 


























dyn 

dyn 

dyn 

dyn 

dip; e. 1 

dyn 

dyn 

dyn 


8-18 ft.. 

10-20ft. 
8-10ft.. 

10-15ft. 

4-6 ft... 
8-10 ft.. 

8-20 ft.. 






9 shots. 














10 shots. 














8 shots. 














12 shots. 




























14 shots. 














12 shots. 
















7 shots. 


















82 


82 








9' Tnr 


botm... 


16 


S. 34° E... 


1.1 




58.3 








83 


82 




9' Tnr....\ '... 


botm... 


19 


S. 49° E... 


1.4 




56 3 










84 


82 








9' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


,S. 32° E... 


1.5 






53.5 








82 


82 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


29 


N. 55° W.. 


l.;, 




52.3 








83 


83 






9'Tnr.;m. b... 


botm... 


21 


N. 23° E.. 


l.i 




52.3 








85 


m 






9' Tnr 

dyn 


botm... 
10-15 ft. 


- 28 
4 00 


S. 60° E... 


1.2 








14 shots. 






53.3 










84 


83 




9' Tnr 


botm... 


20 


S. 15° E... 


1.1 














82 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 

day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D. 5552 
D. 5553 
D. 5554 
D.5555 
D. 5556 

D.'5557' 

D.5558 
D. 5559 

D. 5560 
D. 5561 

D.5562 



D.5563 
D. 5564 
D. 5565 
D.5566 

D.5567 
D.5568 
D.5569 
D.5570 



Jolo I. and vicinity— Cont'd. 

JoloLt. (E.), N. 60° E., 18.3 

miles (5° 54' 30" N., 120° 

44' 15" E.). 
Sulade Id. (NW.), S. 4° E.. 

0.5 mile (5° 51' 00" N., 120° 

46' 30" E.). 
Cabalian Pt. (Jolo), N. 76° 

E., 3.8 miles (5° 52' 27" N., 

120° 52' 18" E.). 
Cabalian Pt. (Jolo), N. 50° 

W., 3.3 miles (5° 51' 15" N., 

120° 58' 35" E.). 
Cabalian Pt., N. 59° W., 4.5 

miles (5° 50' 55" N., 121°00' 

00" E.). 

Teomabal Id. (N.) 

Cabalian Pt., N. 70° W., 5.2 

miles (5° 51' 30" N., 121° 01' 

00" E.). 
Cabalian Pt., S., 1.1 miles (5° 

51' 33" N., 121° 00' 58" E.). 
Cabalian Pt., N. 66° W., 5.1 

miles (5° 51' 36" N., 121° 

00'45"E.). 
Cabalian Pt., N. 76° W., 5 

miles (5° 52' 00" N., 121° 

01' 06"). 

Teomabal Id. (NW.), 8.36° 
W., 0.2 mile (5° 50' 45" N., 
121° 01' 15" E.). 

Tutu Bay (Jolo) 



C. S. 4542; 
Apr., 1903. 



.do 

.do 

.do , 

.do 



1909. 
Sept. 17 



fms. 



3. 18 p. m. 



..do.... 
Sept. 18 
..do.... 
..do.... 



7. 28 p. m. 



9.19 a. m, 
9.29 a. m. 



10.59 a. m. 
11.09 a. m, 



...do 

...do 



.do. 



..do.... 

..do.... 



11.36 a. in. 
1.30 p.m. 
2. 58 p. m, 



3. 17 p. m. 
3. 35 p. m. 



..do. 



4. 04 p. m, 



.do. 



Taflun Pt. (Jolo), N. 87° E., 
17.2 miles (5° 54' 20" N., 
121° 13' 12" E.). 

Between Jolo and Tawi Tawi. 



Siasi Id., north 

Tara Id., Panpan Pt 

Bolipongpong Id., south 

Shigaan Id., north 

Dammi Id. (N.), N.79° W., 

6.1 miles(5°48'12"N.,120° 

30' 48" E.). 
Bammi Id. (N.), S. 85° W., 

6.1 miles (5° 50' 00" N., 

120° 31' 00" E.). 
Dammi Id. (N.), S. 69° W., 

6 miles (5° 51' 42" N., 120° 

30' 30" E.). 
Dammi Id. (N.), S. 67° W., 

6.8miles(5°52'12" N., 120° 

31'00"E.;. 

North ol Tawi Tawi. 

Dammi Id. (N.), N. 81° W., 

9 miles (5° 48' 00" N., 120° 

33' 45" E.). 
Singaan Id. (N.), West, 0.9 

mile (5° 45' 50" N., 120° 

26' 00" E.). 
Simaluc Id. (SE.), S. 8° W., 

6.4 miles (5° 33' 15" N., 

120° 15' 30" E.). 
Simaluc Id. (SE.), S. 17°.E., 

5.7 miles (5° 32' 15" N., 

120° 12' 57" E.). 



.do. 



Sept. 19, 
..do.... 



6. 13 p. m. 



8. 15 a. m, 
1.45 p. m 



6. 07 p. m. 



C. S. 4544; 

Oct., 1906. 

do 

C. S. 4722; 
Jan., 1909. 

do 

do 



.do 

.do.... 
.do.... 



C. S. 4722; 
Jan., 1909. 



..do 



...do... 



do 



Sept. 20. 

...do 

...do 

Sept. 21. 
...do 



...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Sept. 21 
...do.... 

Sept. 22 
...do.... 



1.00 p. m, 
3. 30 p. m, 

10. 00 a. m, 
10. 25 a. m. 
10. 47 a. m, 

11.24 a. m. 
11.45 a. m, 

12. 32 p. m 
l.OOp.m 

1.42 p.m. 
2. 07 p. m 



3. 36 p. m 
4. 05 p. m 

6. 35 p. m 



8. 19 a m. 
8. 49 a. m 



9. 55 a. m 
10. 27 a. m 



Co., S. 
crs. S.. 



sctrd. Co., S. 
S., Co.* 



Co.*. 
Co.*. 



236 
243 
244 



303 



330 



Co., S. 
Co., S. 



Co., S... 



Co., S 

S., Co., R. 



Co 

fne. co. S . . 



fne. Co., S . 
S., ptr. Sh. 
fne. S., Sh. 



fne. S. 
S., Co. 



co. S. 



fne. S„ Glob. 



DREDGING AND HYDEOGEAPHIC EECOEDS. 83 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



T K ra " : ^-sity. 


A pparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




°F. 




4 

p 

o 
pq 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


a 

u 
c 

S3 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F. 










h. 


m. 




mi. 




83 


83 








9' Tnr.;m.b... 


botm... 


21 


S.23°E... 


1.5 


Depth about as 
previous station. 








82 


83 








int. 4 


surface . 


10 


41 






Ship at anchor. 








Tnr.sdr. (e)... 






83 


cS4 








6' McC 

Tnr. sdr. (e)... 


botm... 


6 


N.74°W.. 


.2 












82 


83 


i 




6' McC 


botm... 


4 


N.75°E... 


.5 










82 


83 








6' McC 


botm... 
10-25 ft. 


3 


3 

30 


N.68°E... 


.3 










cable lost. 




















83 


82 






6' McC 


botm... 


5 S. W 


.1 










83 


82 






6' McC 


botm... 


3 S.44°W... 


.4 












83 


82 








6' McC 


botm... 


7 S. W 


.6 












83 


82 








6' McC 


botm... 




9 S. 20° E... 


.5 


Everything car- 
ried away except 
bridle. 






81 


82 






int. 4 


surface . 

10-20 ft. 
2-20 ft.. 


11 

2 
2 


47 






Ship at anchor. 










15 
30 




































84 


82 








int. 4 


surface . 

15 ft . . . 

8-15 ft.. 
8-20 ft.. 

9-25 ft.. 


11 

1 

1 
1 

8 


41 

30 

30 
45 

00 




Ship at anchor. 






























Do. 


















Do. 
























52.3 












83 


83 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


18 


N. 6° W... 


1.3 




52.3 










84 


83 






9' Tnr 


botm... 


28 


N. 9°E... 


1.5 




52. 3 










86 


84 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


21 


N.45°E... 


.7 




52.5 








84 


84 








9' Tnr 


botm... 


27 


N.56°E... 


1.6 






52.0 










85 

82 


83 
83 




9' Tnr.; m. b.. 
int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 


11 


21 

20 


N.71°E... 


1.2 








Ship at anchor. 
Net torn. 


52.3 












84 


83 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


10 


S.73°E... 


1.0 


52.3 






87 


83 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 




17 


N.45°W.. 


1.0 


Net came up 
fouled on bolt 
head. 









84 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydeographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D. 5571 
D. 5572 
D. 5573 
D. 5574 
D. 5575 

D.5576 

i>.*5577 

D. 5578 



D. 5579 



D. 5580 



D. 5581 



D. 5582 



D.5583 
D.5584 

D.5585 
D.5586 



D.5587 
D. 5588 



North of Tawi Tawi—Cont'd. 
Simaluc Id., north 

Simaluc Id. (N.), S. 66° E., 
5.8 miles (5° 30' 45" N., 
120° 07' 57" E.). 

Simaluc Id. (N.), S. 51° E., 

4.7 miles (5° 31' 26" N., 
120° 09' 45" E.). 

Simaluc Id. (N.), S. 86° E., 
0.4 mile (5° 28' 30" N., 
120° 13' 00" E.). 

Simaluc Id. (N.), S. 66° E., 

5.8 miles (5° 30' 45" N., 
120° 07' 57" E.). 

Mt. Dromedario (Tawi 
Tawi), S. 10° W., 19.2 
miles(5°28'30"N.,120°02' 
27" E.). 

Mt. Dromedario, S. 22° W., 

17.2 miles (5° 25' 56" N., 
120° 03' 39" E.). 

Bacun River (Tawi Tawi).... 

Simaluc Sibi Sibi Id 

Mt. Dromedario, S. 9° W., 
' 10.9 miles (5° 20' 36" N., 

119° 58' 51" E.). 
Mt. Dromedario, S. 9° W., 

4.8 miles (5° 14' 38" N., 

119° 57' 57" E.). 

1 iciniiy of Darvcl Bay, 
Borneo. 

Reef NW. of Tumindao Id . . 

Sibutu Id. peak, S. 77° E., 

20.3 miles (4° 54' 15" N., 
119° 09' 52" E.). 

Sibutu Id. peak, S. 82° E., 

23.2 miles (4° 52' 45" N., 

119° 06' 45" E.). 

Bumbum Id., north 

Bumbum Id. (NW.), S. 83° 

W., 3.5 miles (4° 30' 25" N., 

118° 41' 30" E.). 
Si Ami! Id. (N.), S.82°W., 

6.2 miles (4° 19' 54" N., 118° 

58'38"E.). 
Danawan Id 



Sibuko Bay, Borneo, and 
vicinity. 

SiAmilld. (N.) N. 88 W, 3.2 

mile (4° 19' 00" N., 118° 56' 

20" E.). 
Si Amil Id. (N.) N. 74° W., 

5.4 miles (4° 17' 40" N., 118° 

57' 42" E.). 

Sipadan Id. (M.) S. 89° W., 

12 miles (4° 07' 00" N., 118° 

49' 54" E.). 
Sipadan Id. (M.) West, 9.4 

miles (4° 06' 50" N., 118° 

47' 20" E.). 

Sipadan Id. (N.) 

Sipadan Id. (W.) S. 12° E.. 

3.8 miles (4° 10' 35" N., 118° 

37' 12. E.). 
Mabul Id. (S.) N. 81° E., 1.7 

miles (4° 14' 20" N., 118° 36' 

48" E.). 



C. S. 4722; 
Jan., 1909. 
....do 



...do.. 



.do. 



..do.... 



C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906 



C. S. 4722; 
Jan., 1909. 

C. S. 4514; 
Jan., 1906. 

. ...do 

do 



.do. 



C. S. 4722; 

Jan., 1909. 

do 



...do.... 



....do 

H. 0.2117; 
June,1903. 

....do 



.do. 



H. O. 2117; 
June, 1903. 



.do. 



Date. 



1909. 
Sept. 22. 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Sept. 23. 
...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 



.do. 



Sept. 24 
Sept. 25 

...do.... 



..do.... 
..do.... 



Sept. 26. 



.do. 



..do. 
...do. 



.do. 

.do. 



....do. 



Sept. 27. 

Sept. 27 
...do... 

Sept. 28 
...do... 



.do., 
.do.. 



.do.... 



Time of 
day. 



12. 30 p. m 

1.31 p. m 
2. 00 p. m. 

3. 02 p. m 
3. 34 p. m 



6. 03 p. m 



7.20 a. m 



9. 07 a. m 
9.43 a. m 



10. 50 a. m 
11.22 a. m 

1.30 p. m 

1.30 p. m 
2. 38 p. m 
3.01 p. m 



8. 00 p. m. 



1.00 p. m 



8. 03 a. m 
8. 25 a. m 

9. 20 a. m 
9. 40 a. m 

2. 30 p. m 



5. 55 p. m 



10.11 a. m 
11.15 a. m 



2. 00 p. m 

8. 15 a. m 



Depth. 



fms. 



1.48 p. m. 
2.33 p. m. 

3.28 p. m. 
4.02 p. m. 



8.49 a. m. 
9.31 a. m. 

11.09 a. m. 
11.44 a. m. 

2.00 p. m. 
2.35 p. m. 
3.11 p. m. 

6.10 p. m. 



340 
334 



340 
315 



240 



162 



21 

Sill I 



■2':>2 



476 
347 



415 
11 



Character of 
bottom. 



S., Co. 
S., Sh. 



Co., S. 



Co., wh. S. 
crs. S 



Co., S 

fne. S., Co. 



br. S., Co. 
Co., S.... 



S., Co 

gy. M., fne. S. 



S.,Co. 
S.,Co. 



fne. S . 



fn. S., gn. M. 



gy. M. 



gy- M. 



Co.,S 

gn. M.. S., Co. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 85 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


3 
CO 


s 

o 

o 

ffi 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 
13 

S 


Remarks. 


"F. 


"F. 


7. 








5-18 ft.. 


h. to. 
4 00 




mi. 








52.3 














81 


84 






9'Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


21 


N.67°E... 


1.4 




52.3 








82 


84 






9'Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


26 


N.82°E... 


1.9 












83 


83 


:::::: 




int. 4 


surface . 


11 42 






Ship at anchor. 














81 i 








9'Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


24 


N.5S°E... 


1.2 








52. 3 








83 


83 






9'Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm... 


20 


S.86°E... 


2.2 




53.3 








84 


K4 






9'Tnr.; m.b.. 

dyn.; sml. 

seines, 
dyn 


botm... 


08 
3 30 
3 30 


S.2°E.... 


1 7 














4 shots. 










5-20 ft.. 










54.3 












79 


82 






9'Tnr.; m.b.. 


botm... 


18 


S.61°E... 


1.8 


Mud bag lost. 








77 


82 








int. 4 


surface . 
5-25 ft.. 


9 49 
4 00 






Ship at anchor. 


















55.3 














80 


82 






9'Tnr.; m.b.. 


botm... 


20 


S.37°W... 


1.5 




55.8 








82 


83 






9'Tnr.; m.b.. 


botm... 
4-15 ft.. 


17 
3 00 


S.16°W... 


1.0 






























82 


83 








int. 4 


surface . 


11 55 






Ship at anchor. 


38.3 










81 


82 






9'Tnr.; m.b.. 


botm... 
3-20 ft.. 


17 
3 30 


S.17°E... 


3.3 










13 shots. 














5-20 ft.. 8 30 






27 shots. 






40.3 


















84 


85 






9' Tnr.; m. b. 


botm . . 


28 


S. 46° E... 


2.0 




44.3 








80 


84 






9' Tnr.; m. b.. 


botm . . 


21 


S. 56° W.. 


1.3 


Net badly torn 
and Tatner 
beam lost, 


41.1 






84 


82 






9' Tnr; m.b... 


botm . . 


20 


S. 53° W . . 


1.9 




44.0 








83 


84 






9' Tnr.;m. b.. 


botm . . 
8-20 ft.. 


33 
2 15 


N. 42° W.. 


.8 














42.3 














85 S5 






9' Tnr.;m. b.. 
int. 4 


botm . . 
surface . 


21 
11 35 


S. 15° E... 


1.5 




83 


82 








Ship at anchor. 















59395°— 11- 



-16 



86 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D.5589 
D.5590 
D. 5591 
D. 5592 
D. 5593 



D. 5594 



D. 5595 



D. 5596 
D. 5597 
D. 5598 
D. 5599 



D. 5600 



D.5601 
D. 5602 

D.5603 
D. 5604 



Position. 



Sibuko Bay, Borneo, and vi- 
cinity — Continued. 

Mabul Id. (S) 



Mabul Id. (NW.) N. 3° W., 
2.8 miles (4° 12' 10" N., 118° 
38' 08" E.). 

Mabul Id. (NW.) N. 22° W., 

4.3 miles (4° 10' 50" N., 118° 
39' 35" E.). 

Mabul Id. (NW.) N. 6° W., 
3.1 miles (4° 11' 48" N., 118° 
38' 20" E.). 

Silungan Id. (M.) N. 1° W., 

6.4 miles (4° 12' 44" N., 118° 
27' 44" E.). 

Mt. Putri (sea tangent) Bor- 
neo, N. 52° W., 17.2 miles 
(4° 02' 40" N., 118° 11' 20" 
E.). 

Tawao River 



Mt. Putri (sea tangent) S. 
82° E., 5.9 miles (4° 14' 20" 
N., 117° 53' 12" E.). 

Silimpopon River 



Off Zamboanga, Mindanao, 
P. I. 

Zamboanga Lt. N. 31° W., 
0.1 mile (6° 54' 00" N., 122° 
04' 30" east). 

do 

do 

do 

do 



North of Celebes. 

Menado (town) S. 58° E., 68 
miles (2° 05' 00" N., 123° 52' 
30" E.). 

Talisse Id., east 



Limbe Strait, vicinity of 
Strait Id. 



Gulf of Tomini, Celebes. 

Kema (town) 

Limbe Id. (NE.), N., 20.7 

miles (1° 13' 10"N., 125° 17' 

05" E.). 
Gorontalo pier, N., 7.1 miles 

(0° 22' 00" N., 132° 03' 

30" E.). 

Gorontalo pier N. 6° W., 5.7 

m. (00° 24' 00" N., 123° 03' 

45" E.). 
Bilatu ( town), N. 26° W ., 8.7 

miles (0° 22' 30" N., 122° 42' 

30" E.). 
Dodepo and Pasejogo Ids 



TI. O. 2117; 
June, 1903. 
....do 



.do.... 



.do 



.do... 



B. A. 2099; 
Apr., 1895. 



B. A. 2576; 
Oct., 1882, 
cor. to 
Aug. ,1905. 

B. A. 2099; 
Apr., 1895. 



C. S. 4645; 
July, 1907. 



.do. 
.do. 

.do. 
.do. 



Date. 



19C9. 
Sept. 29 

..do.... 



...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Sept. 30 

...do.... 
Oct. 2 



Oct. 10 
Oct. 12 
..do.... 
..do.... 



H. O. 1727; 
Apr., 1909. 

B. A. 930; 
May, 1866. 
cor. to 
May, 1907. 



B. A. 1727. 
do 



B. A. 942a; 
Oct., 1868; 
cor. to 
Mar., 1906. 

do 



..do. 



B. A. 900; 
Mar., 1901; 
cor. to 
Mar., 1907. 



Nov. 7 



Nov. 9 



Nov. 10 



Nov. 13 
...do... 



Nov. 14 

Nov. 15 
..do.... 

Nov. 16 



Time of 
day. 



7.00. a. m. 

7.16 a. m. 
7.44 a. m. 



8.33 a. m. 
9.02 a. m. 



10.54 a. m. 



3.33 p. m. 
4.00 p. m. 

7.25 p. m. 

7.34 p. m. 



9.30 a. m. 



7.24 p. m. 
8.00 a. m. 

7.13 p. m. 



6.00 p. m. 
11.45 a. m. 
3.10 p. m. 
6.20 p. m. 



7.06 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 



4.30 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 



8.45 a. m. 
1.15 p. m. 
2.18 p. m. 

9.01 a. m. 
10.15 a. m. 



1.12 p. m. 
2.37 p. m. 



7.25 p. m. 
8.00 a m. 



Deplh. 



fms. 



260 
310 
260 
305 
38 



705 



962 



803 



Character of 
bottom. 



Co 

fne. gy. S., gy. M. 



gn. M., S. 



gn. M. 
fne. S . 



M., S 



Co. 



Co.... 

S.,Co. 
S., Co. 



S., Glob., Ptr. 



gy. M. 



Co. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 87 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


I* 

3 




o 

O 

M 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

c 
ca 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


"F. 


°F. 








7-25 ft.. 


h. m. 
5 00 




mi. 








45.7 






Luc. sdr. (a). . 








81 


82 






9' Tnr.;m. b.. 


botm . . 


20 


S. 49° E... 


2.0 




44.3 








82 
84 


83 
84 






9' Tnr.: m. b.. 
9' Tnr 


botm . . 
botm . . 


21 
21 


S. 55° E... 
S. 58° E... 


.21 

1.8 










Depth estimated 
from dredging 
wire angle. 


43.3 






83 


85 






9' Tnr. 

Tnr. sdr. (a). . 


botm . . 


10 


N.65°E... 


.7 












84 


83 








9' Tnr 


botm . . 


15 

8 30 

1 37 

9 00 

10 50 

12 30 

2 20 

3 00 

11 15 

20 
5 30 

1 30 

4 30 
4 00 

2 00 


West 


1.4 


Frame badly bent. 










76 


83 








J A 

int. 4 


surface . 






Ship at anchor. 
Net badly torn. 














80 

80 
83 
85 
84 

80 


80 

81 
82 

82 
82 

82 








int. 4 


surface . 
...do... 






Ship at anchor. 
Do. 








int. 4 












int. 4 


...do... 






Do. 








int. 4 


...do... 






Do. 








int. 4 


do... 

surface. 
10-18 ft. 

8-10 ft.. 
8-10 ft.. 

8-15 ft.. 

7ft .... 






Do. 












No bearings ob- 
tainable. 
























dyn 


















dyn 


















dyn 






12 shots. 












380' seine 
























81 


83 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm . . 


21 


S. 29° E... 


1.8 












81 

.... 


84 








12' Agz 


botm . . 


20 


S 


2.0 












ropes torn loose. 


84 


84 
83 








12' Agz 

int. 4 


botm . . 
surface . 

8-20 ft.. 


13 
25 

4 00 


E... 


1.0 


One bridle stop 
carried away. 

No bearings ob- 
tainable. 


83 









































88 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character of 
bottom. 



D.5605 
D.'5606 

D.5607 
D.5608 
D.5609 

D.'ftiio' 
D. 5611 
D.5612 

i>.56i3" 

D. 5614 

D.5615 
D. 5616 



D. 5617 
H. 4934 



Gulf of Tomini, Celebes-Con. 

Dodepo Id. (W.) N. 14° W., 
5.9 miles (0° 21' 33" N. 121° 
34' 10" E.). 

Papajatu (Celebes) 

Sadaa Id. , north 

Dodepo Id. (W.) N. 3° W., 

10.8 miles (0° 16' 28" N., 

121° 33' 30" E.). 
Binang Unang Id., east 



Binang Unang Id. (E.) S. 36° 

E., 5 miles (0° 04' 00" S.. 

121° 36' 00" E.). 
Binang Unang Id. peak, S. 

87° E., 19 miles (0° 08' 00" 

S., 121° 19' 00" E.). 
Binang Unang Id. (N) N. 

80°E.,21 miles (00° 11' 00" 

S.. 121° 16' 00" E.). 

Togian Bay, Togian Id 

Batu Daka Id. (S.) N. 87° 

W., 20.9 miles (0° 36' 00" 

S., 122° 01' 00" E.). 
Buka Buka Id. (E.) S. 43° 

W., 6.4 miles (0° 40' 30" S., 

121° 50' 00" E.). 
Buka Buka Id. (E.) S. 3° E., 

7 miles (0° 38' 00" S., 

121° 45' 40" E.). 

Buka Buka Id., north 

Buka Buka Id. (E.) S. 28° 

4 miles (0° 42' 00" 8., 121° 

44' 00" E.). 
Malibagu Pt. (Celebes) 



Molucca Passage. 

Tifori Id. (C.) N. 19° E., 30.5 
miles (0° 31' 00" N., 125° 
58' 45" E.). 



Tifore Id. (C.) N. 40° W., 35 

miles (0° 32' 30" N., 126° 31' 

30" E.). 
Tifore Id. (C) N. 62° W., 50 

miles (0° 36' 00" N., 126° 

52' 20" E.). 

Dodinga Bay, Gillolo Id. 
Tidore Id., north 



Maitara Id., north 

Ternate Id. (SE.) S.45° W., 

7 miles (00° 49' 30" N., 127° 

25' 30" E.). 
Ternate Id. (SE.)S.33° W., 

7.8 miles (0° 51' 00" N., 127° 

25' 10" E.). 



B. A. 900; 
Mar, 1901; 
cor. to 
Mar., 1907. 

....do 

....do 

....do 



B. A. 942a: 
Oct., 1868, 
cor. to 

Mar., 1906. 
....do 



..do. 



...do.... 



.do.... 
.do.... 



do.... 



..do.... 



1909. 
Nov. 16 



..do.... 
Nov. 17 
..do.... 



..do... 



Nov. 18 



..do. 



..do. 



Nov. 19 
...do.... 



..do.. 



Nov. 20 



.do do. . . 

.do do. .. 



.do. 



Nov. 21 



Nov. 22 



B. A. 942a: 
Oct., 1868, 
cor. to 

Mar., 1906. 



do do.. . 



do do. 



B. A. 942a: Nov. 24 

Oct., 1868, 

cor. to, 

Mar., 1906. 

do Nov. 26 

....do Nov. 27 



..do. 



.do. 



9.27 a. m. 
10.25 a. m. 



2.00 p. m. 
6.00 a. m. 
9.09 a. m. 
10.07 a. m. 



4.00 p. m. 



8.25 a. m 
9.20 a m. 

12.48 p. m. 
2.02 p. m. 

3.37 p. m. 
4.51 p. m. 

7.45 a. m. 
3.59 p. m. 
4.50 p. m. 

7.14 p. m. 



6.04 a. m. 
7.22 a. m. 



9.15 a. m. 
10.16 a. m. 
11.14 a. m. 

10 00 a. m. 



6.44 a. m. 
7.58 a. m. 



1.16 p. m. 
2.37 p. m. 

6.44 p. m. 



8.00 a. in. 



8.15 a. m. 
10.42 a. m. 
11.01 a. m. 

11.37 a. m. 



fms. 
647 



834 



M.,Co.... 
Co.. K.. 8. 
gn. M 



1,100 



1,021 



Co., S. 



fne. S. 



1,089 


gy- M 


1,092 






Co 


678 


gy- m 






750 









Co.... 

gy. M. 



Co. 



gy. M., S., Glob.. 



Co. 



S., Lav . 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 89 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-19 10-«-Continued . 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift, 




< 


.2 

3 
CO 


a 

o 

o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth . 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


O 

a 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 


"F. 


°F. 










h. m. 




mi. 




82 


82 








12' Agz 


botm . . 

15-20 ft. 
10-20 ft. 


21 

1 

1 


S. 03° W . . 


1.7 


Net slightly torn. 








2 shots. 


















10 shots. 




















83 


83 








12' Agz 


botm .. 
10-12 ft. 


20 
2 


S. 28° E... 


2.5 










11 shots. 












Luc. sdr. (a).. 








81 


83 








12' Agz 


botm . . 


20 


S. 50° W.. 


1.5 




36.3 








80 


82 






12' Agz 


botm . . 


20 


S. 40° W.. 


3.5 




36.3 








83 


83 






12' Agz 

dyn 


botm . . 
5-18ft.. 


33 
3 30 


S. 39° E... 


2.0 










Do. 




















84 
83 


87 
84 








12' Agz 

Int. 4 


botm . . 
surface. 


27 
20 


N.63°W.. 


2.0 
























Therm., sounding 
cup, stray line 


80 


83 








12' Agz 

dvb 


botm . . 
5-15 ft.. 


22 
3 00 


S.5° E.... 


1.5 








and lead, and 70 
fms. wire lost. 
21 shots. 


















85 


84 








12' Agz 


botm . . 
10-20 ft. 


19 
1 30 


N.20° E.. 


1.8 










7 shots. 


















Shot failed to de- 


82 


84 








12' Agz 


botm . . 


12 


N. W 


1.5 


tach. 
Bridle stop car- 








ried away; net 
torn. 


84 
80 


84 
84 








12' Agz 

int. 4 § 

dyn 


botm . . 

20-30 
fms. 

6-18ft.. 
8-18ft.. 


20 

18 
2 

4 00 
3 45 


s. w 


1.5 




























8 shots. 


















13 shots. 




















84 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


10 


N.71°W.. 


1.0 












i 























90 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D.5618 

D. 5619 
D. 5620 



Position. 



D. 5621 



D. 5622 



D. 5623 
D. 5624 



D. 5625 
D. 5626 
D.5627 

D.5628 



D. 5629 



Molucca Passage. 

Mareh Id., S. 69° E., 7.8 
miles (0° 37' 00" N., 127° 15' 
00" E.). 

Mareh Id. (S.) S. 78° E., 7 

miles (0° 35' 00" N., 127° 14' 

40" E.). 
Makyan Id. (S.),S. 44° E., 7 

miles (0° 21' 30" N., 127° 16' 

45" E.). 

Between Gillolo and Makyan 
islands. 

Makyan Id. (SE.) 



Makyan Id. (S.),N. 54° W., 
3 miles (0° 15' 00" N., 127° 
24'35"E.). 

Powati Anchorage (Makyan). 



Makyan Id. (NE.), N.66°W, 



4.1 miles (0° 19' 20" N., 127° 

28' 30" E.). 
Makyan Id. (S.), S. 88° W., 

7.5miles(0 t> 16'30"N.,127° 

30' 00" E.). 
Makyan Id. (S.), N. 67° W., 

8.9 miles (0° 12' 15" N., 127° 

29' 30" E.). 

Between Gillolo and Kayoa 
islands. 

Kayoa Id. (northeast) . 



Kayoa Id. (SE.), S. 3° W., 

6 miles (0° 07' 00" N., 127° 
28' 00" E.). 

Kayoa Id. (SE.), S. 5° W., 

6.7 miles (0° 07' 30" N., 127° 

29' 00" E.). 
Kayoa Id. (SE.), S. 15° E., 

4.5miles (0° 06' 00" N., 127° 

26' 00" E.). 

Patiente Strait and southward. 

St. Lamo Id. (SE.), N. 9° W., 

7 miles (0° 28' 30" S., 127° 
45' 00" E.). 

Gane (Gillolo) 



Doworra Id. (S.), S. 62° W., 
6 miles (0° 50' 00" S., 128° 
12' 00" E.). 



Doworra Id. (south). 



Chart. 



B. A. 942a; 
Oct., 1868, 
cor. to 
Mar., 1906. 

do 



..do.... 



B. A. 942a. 

Oct., 1868; 

cor. to Mar., 

1906. 
do 



B. A. 912, 

Mar., 1885; 
' cor. to Oct., 

1906. 
B. A. 942a, 

Oct., 1868; 

cor. to Mar., 

1906. 



.do. 
.do. 



B. A. 942a, 
Oct., 1868; 
cor to Mar. 
1906. 

....do 



.do. 

.do. 



B. A. 942a, 

Oct., 1868; 

cor.toNar., 

1906. 
B. A. 912... 

Mar., 1885; 

cor. to Oct., 

1906. 
B. A. 942a, 

Oct., 1868; 

cor. to Mar., 

1906. 



.do.. 



Date. 



1909. 
Nov. 27 



..do.... 

Nov. 28 



Nov. 28 



.do.... 



..do. 
..do. 



Nov. 29 

..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 



Dec. 1 



Dec. 2 



..do. 



Time of 
day. 



2.07 p. m. 
2.44 p. m. 



3.36 p. m. 
4.12 p. m. 

5.48 a. m. 
6.24 a. m. 



8.30 a. m. 



9.21 a. m. 
9.50 a. m. 



7.36 a. m. 



8.03 a. m. 



8.56 a. m. 
9.22 a. m. 



10.30 a. m. 
10.58 a. m. 



1.30 p. m. 



1.49 p. m. 
2.16 p. m. 

3.09 p. m. 
3.34 p. m. 



6.02 p. m. 

11.22 a. m. 
12.45 p. m. 
8.00 a. m. 



6.14 a. m. 
6.43 a. m. 



Depth. 



fms. 
417 



435 



272 

288 



205 



8.00 a. m Co 



Character of 
bottom. 



gy. m . 



fne. gy. S., M. 



gy. M., 



S., Co . 



gy.andbk.S.(m.b.) 



S., Co. 



gy. M. 



fne. S.,M. 
fne. S., M. 



Co. 



230 


gy. M., fne. S 


265 


gy. M., fne. S 


22 


M 







gy. m. 



mrgn. Co.,S. 



co. S 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 
Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



91 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




H 

^ 


CO 


3 

O 

n 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


o 

a 

03 

s 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°.F\ 


'°F. 










h. m. 




mi. 




82 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


S. 13° W. . 


2.0 












83 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


29 


S. 22° E. . . 


1.8 












80 


82 








12' Agz 


botm... 
8-18ft.. 


21 
3 00 


South 


1.0 






























81 


84 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 
10-20ft. 


20 
1 00 


S. 28° E... 


1.2 






















Lue. sdr. (e) . . 








80 


83 








12' Agz.; m. b. 


botm... 


21 


S. 10° E... 


1.0 












81 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


South 


1.0 












83 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 
8-30 ft.. 


20 
3 00 


S. 15° E... 


1.5 










20 shots. 




















83 


84 









12' Agz 


botm... 


21 


S.5° W... 


1.8 












84 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


18 


West 


1.0 












83 


83 








int. 4.. 


5 fms... 


11 40 






Ship at anchor. 

Stray line carried 

away. 














80 

• 


84 








12' Agz'. 


botm... 
10-2.5ft. 


20 
7 00 


S. 20° E . . . 


2.5 








carried away. 
24 shots. 




















80 


83 








12' Agz 

dyn 


botm... 
10-20 ft. 


02 
3 30 






Dredge frame 
runner badly 
bent; lead ropo 
broken; bridle 
stops lost. 

13 shots. 













92 U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 

Dredging and Hydrographic Records op the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



D.5630 

D.5631 
D.5632 
D.5633 

D.5634 



D.5635 
D.5636 



D.5637 



H.4935 
D.5638 



D.5639 



D.5640 



D.5641 
D. 5642 



D. 5643 



South of Patiente Strait. 

Doworra Id. (N.), N. 3° W 
4.5 miles (0° 56' 30" S., 128° 
05' 00" E.). 

Doworra Id. (N.), N. 58° E., 
10.5 miles (0°57' 00" S., 127° 
56' 00" E.). 

Selang Pt. (Bachian Id.), N. 
56° W., 12.5 miles (1° 00' 
00" S., 127° 50' 00" E.). 

Selang Pt., N. 24° W., 11.8 
miles (1° 03' 00" S., 127° 44' 
,00" E.). 

Pitt Passage. 

Gomomo Id. (E.), N. 41° E., 
3 miles (1° 54' 00" S., 127° 
36' 00" E.). 

Gomomo Id. (S.) 

Gomomo Id. (E.), N. 14° W., 

2.5 miles (1° 53' 30" S., 127° 

39' 00" E.). 
Gomomo Id (E.), N. 46° W., 

6 miles (1° 55' 00" S., 127° 

42' 30" E.). 

Bouro Id. (south) and vicinity. 
Ukild 



Uki River. 
Ukild. 



Amblau Id. (N.), N. 80° E., 

21 miles (3° 53' 20" S., 126° 

48' 00" E.). 

Tifu Bay (Bouro Id.) 

Tim Bay entrance (W.), N. 

4° E., 2.2 miles (3° 46' 15" 

S., 126° 24' 40" E.). 
Tifu Bay entrance (W.), N. 

17° E., 3.2 miles (3° 47' 15" 

S., 126° 23' 40" E.). 
Tomahu Id 



Molucca Sea. 

Cape Pamali (Wowoni Id.), 
(N.), S. 77° W., 27 miles 
(3° 54' 50" S., 123° 27' 20" 
E.). 

Buton Strait. 



Labuan Blanda Id., N. 

E., 1 mile (4° 27' 00" 

122° 55' 40" E.). 
Labuan Blanda Id. (S.). 
KalonoPt. (W.),N. 61° 

3.4 miles (4° 29' 24" S., 

52' 30" E.). 
Tikola Peninsula (N.), 

38°W.,6.5miles(4°3r 

S., 122° 49' 42" E.). 

Great Tobea Id 

Pendek Id<, north 

Pendek Id. (N.), S. 77° 

1.7 miles (5° 11' 45" S., 

42' 36" E.). 



B.j 



B. A. 942a, 
Oct., 1868; 
cor. to Mar. 
1906. 

....do 



..do. 



...do.... 



B. A. 942a, 
Oct., 1868; 
cor. to Mar. 

191 Hi. 

....do 

....do 



.do. 



B. A. 942a; 
Oct., 1868, 
cor. to Mar. 
1906. 

....do.... 

....do.... 

....do 



..do.... 
..do 



..do... 
..do... 



B. A. 3616; 
May, 1907. 



B. A. 3470; 
Apr., 1906. 



..do.... 

..do.... 



...do.. 



..do. 
...do. 
...do. 



1909. 
Dec. 2 



.do. . . 
.do... 
.do... 



Dec. 



.do. 
.do. 



.do.. 



Dec. 9 



..do.... 
..do... 
Dec. 10 



..do.... 
..do.... 



.do.... 



Dec. 11 



Dec. 13 



Dec. 14 
..do.... 



..do. 



..do.... 
Dec. 15 
..do.... 



Time of 

day. 



8.51 a. m. 
9.36 a. m. 



1.11 p. m. 
2.16 p.m. 

4.12 p. m. 
5.08 p. m. 

7.14 p. m. 



6.27 a. m, 
7.02 a. m. 



8.15 a. m. 
9.24 a. m, 
9.56 a. m, 

11.51 a. m, 
1.18 p.m. 



8.00 a. m 



8.00 a. m. 
1.00 p. m. 
7.06 a. m. 
7.57 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
1.30 p.m. 



2.00 p. m, 
2.36 p. m, 

1.00 p. m 
7.00 p.m. 



5.23 a. m 
7.11 a. m 



5.02 p. m. 
5.10 p. m. 

6.00 a. m. 
9.30 a. m. 

9.41 a. m. 

10.50 a. m 
11.00 a. m. 

1.00 p. m. 
3.15 p m. 

3.42 p. m. 
4.06 p. m. 



Depth. 



Character of 

bottom. 



fms. 
569 



809 
845 



329 



400 
1,262 



7(11! 



198 
517 



1,560 



co. S., M . 



gn. M. (in net). 



co. S 

hrd 

Co., R., soapstone. 

gy. M., fne. S 



mrgn. Co. 



S., R.. 
gy. M. 



S.,M.,R.,Co. 



fne. gy. S 

Co.,S 



gy- m. 



S.,brk. Sh. 



mrgn. Co. 
S.,Sh.... 



gy. M. 



S.,Co. 
Co., S. 
gn. M. 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 93 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


o 

o5 




o 

o 

a 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


ZJ 

a 
a 

5 


Remarks. 


"F. 


°F. 


°F. 










h. in. 




mi. 




82 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


24 


s. s. w... 


1.8 










Sounding cup lost. 


84 


80 








12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


N. by W . . 


1.5 










83 
82 


85 
84 








12' Agz 

int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 


22 
19 


S. E. by E. 


2.0 










No bearings ob- 
tainable. 




. 










81 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 
6-20ft.. 


13 

7 30 


S.W.by S. 


1.0 






























82 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 


05 


S. S. E.... 


.5 


Bridle stops lost; 








frame bent. 


83 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 
10-30ft. 


20 

G 00 

9 00 
3 30 


S. by E... 


2.5 










19 shots. 
















7.0 














75' seine 


12 f t . . . 




9 hauls. 


















79 


83 








12' Agz 


botm... 
2-20 ft.. 


12 
3 15 


S. 21° W.. 


1.3 


Net fouled on bot- 








tom. 
18 shots. 








































84 


8(5 








12' Agz 


botm... 
3-15 ft.. 


20 

4 30 
1 30 


B. 78° E„. 


1.0 










13 shots. 








































82 1 84 








9' Agz. rev 


botm... 


31 


N. 36° W.. 


.8 












84 84 








12' Agz 


botm... 
5ft 


12 

1 45 


N. 52° W.. 


.3 










5 shots. 
















83 


84 




< | 


12' Agz 


botm... 


17 


S. 81° W.. 


.6 






1 




84 


85 




1 


12' Agz 


botm... 

5-18 ft,.. 
15-25 ft. 


17 

3 30 
1 45 


N. 75° W„ 


1.4 








11 shots. 
















12 shots. 




















82 


84 








12' Agz 


botm... 


17 


S. 45° W.. 


.7 













94 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 


Position. 


Chart. 


Date. 


Time of 
day. 


Depth. 


Character of 
bottom. 




Buton Strait — Continued. 

Makasser Id. (E.), N. 4° E., 

1.3 miles (5° 27' 24" S., 122° 

38' 00" E.). 
North Id. (NE.), S. 10° W.. 

1.6 miles (5° 29' 06" S., 122 i 

36' 06" E.). 
North Id. (S.),S. 68° E., 7.5 

miles (5° 31' 30" S , 122° 22' 

40" E.). 
North Id. (S.), S. 87° E., 11.6 

miles (5° 34' 00" S., 122° 18' 

15" E.). 
North Id. (S.),N.87°E.,10.2 

miles (5° 35' 00" S., 122° 20' 

00" E.). 
North Id. (S.), N. 87° E., 22 

miles (5° 36' 00" S., 122° 07' 

36" E.). 

Gulf of Boni. 


B. A. 3470; 
Apr., 1906. 

do 

B. A. 3616; 
May, 1907. 

do 

do 

do 

B. A. 3616; 

May,] 907. 

do 

...do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

B. A. 3616; 

May, 1907. 

do 

do 

B A. 2637, 
June, 1885; 
cor. to Oct , 
1904. 

do 


1909. 
Dec. 16 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do 

...do.... 

...do.... 

Dec. 17 
...do.... 

...do.... 

...do.... 

...do 

Dec. 18 

...do.... 
...do.... 

...do.... 

Dec. 19 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Dec. 20 

Dec. 20 
...do.... 
...do.... 

Dec. 21 

...do.... 




fms. 
22 






8.02 a m. 

9.37 a. m. 
9.54 a. m. 

11.36 a. m. 
12 10 p. m. 

2.07 p. m. 
2.44 p. m. 

3.47 p. m. 
4.29 p. m. 

7.23 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 

8.34 a. m. 

9.22 a. m. 

1.39 p. m. 
2.32 p. m. 

4.39 p. m. 

5.24 p. m. 

7.23 p. m. 




D. 5645 


206 








456 








D. 5647 


519 






D.5648 


559 




8 












Co 




Lamulu Pt., N. 5° W., 12.5 

miles (4° 53' 45" S., 121° 29' 

00" E.). 
Buginkali Pt., S. 67° E., 21 

miles (4° 43' 50" S., 121° 23' 

24" E.). 
Lamulu, S. 36° E., 7.5 miles 

(4° 35' 00" S., 121° 23' 06" 

E.). 
Lamulu, S. 40° E., 18 miles 

(4° 27' 36" S., 121° 16' 36" 

C. Tabako, N. 17° E., 21.5 
miles (3° 42' 00" S., 120° 45' 
50" E.). 

Labuandata Bav 

C. Tabako, N. 7° E., 13 miles 
(3° 34' 10" S., 120° 50' 30" 

C. Tabako, N. 47° E., 9 miles 

(3° 28' 00" S., 120° 45' 40" 

E ^ 
Olang Pt., N. 67° W., 14.5 

miles (3° 17' 40" S., 120° 36' 

45" E.). 
Olang Pt., N. 61° W., 15.5 

miles (3° 19' 40" S., 120° 36' 

30" E.). 
C. Loko Loko, S. 31° W. ,12 

miles (3° 32' 40" S., 120° 31' 

30" E.). 
C. Lassa, S. 78° W., 19 miles 

(5° 33' 20" S., 120° 47' 10" 

E.). 

Flores Sea. 

C. Lassa, S. 78° W., 20.5 miles 
(5° 32' 50" S., 120° 49' 10" 

C. Lassa, S. 88° W., 20.5 miles 

(5° 36' 30" S., 120° 49' 00" 

E ^ 
C. Lassa, N. 21° E., 12.5miles 

(5° 49' 40" S., 120° 24' 30" 

E.). 

Tana Keke Id. (W.), N. 17° 
W., 12.5 miles (5° 43' 00" S., 
119° 18' 00" E.). 

Tana Keke Id. (S.) 


540 




D. 5650 








700 








D. 5652 


525 






D. 5653 
D. 5654 






5.41 a. m. 
6.47 a. m. 

9.00 a. m. 
10.20 a. m. 
11.00 a. m. 

1.40 p. m. 

7.36 a. m. 

8.37 a. m. 

10.29 a. m. 
11.08 a. m. 

1.38 p. m. 

2.23 p. m. 

6.10 a m. 
6.57 a. m. 

8.12 a. m. 

9.14 a. m. 
10.05 a. m. 

4.05 p. m. 

4.24 p. m. 


805 










Co.,S 


D. 5655 


608 


gy. M., me. S . 


H.4936 
D.5656 


667 
484 








D. 5657 


492 






D.5658 


510 






D. 5659 


702 


S.M 




H.4937 
D.5660 


885 
692 




gy. M.,s 


D. 5661 


180 


hrd 




D.5662 


5.40 a. m. 
6.12 a. m. 


211 








8.30 a m. 




Co 



DREDGING AND HYDROGRAPHIC RECORDS. 95 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 



'F. "F. 



80 83 



83 83 



83 83 
83 83 



SI 


84 


85 


84 


84 
82 


84 
82 


79 


83 





80 


83 


82 


84 


83 


85 


k:j 


82 




83 


83 


86 


83 



82 83 



'F. 



40.1 
38.7 
41.2 



38.3 



39.2 



41.2 



41.3 
41.2 
39.0 



38.2 
39.2 



50.5 



48.8 



Density. 



Sur- 
face. 



Bot- 
tom. 



Apparatus. 



hand lead . 
12' Agz.... 



Luc. sdr. (c). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



dyn 

copper sulphate 
Luc. sdr. (c) . . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



dyn 

Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c). 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c). 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



Luc. sdr. (c) . 
12' Agz 



dyn. 



Trial. 



Depth. 



botm... 



botm.. 



botm... 



botm... 
surface . 



12-20 ft. 



botm.. 



botm... 



botm.. 
surface. 



botm.. 
5-18 ft. 



botm.. 



botm. 



botm.. 



botm. 
botm. 



botm. 



botm... 



botm 
9-18 ft.. 



Dura- 
tion. 



h. m. 



20 



3 00 
3 00 



20 



28 
3 00 



20 



03 



20 
2 45 



Drift. 



Direction. 



S. 81° W.. 



N. 34° W. 



East. 



S. 40° E. 
S.55°"e.' 



S. 45° W.. 



N. 11° W. 
nYm." W". 



S. 45° E.. 



S. 41° W. 



8. 19° W. 



S. 35° E. 
S.62°'e! 



S. 58° E.. 



N. 50° E.. 



Remarks. 



No bearings ob- 
tainable. 



10 shots. 



Bridle stops car- 
ried away. 

Sounding cup car- 
ried away. 



No bearings ob- 
tainable. 



12 shots. 



Therm, failed to 
register. 



Net torn below 
lead line. 



No bottom speci- 
men. 



16 shots. 



96 



U. S. FISHERIES STEAMER ALBATROSS. 
Dredging and Hydrographic Records of the U. S. Fisheries 



Station 
No. 



Fosition. 



Chart. 



Date. 



Time of 
day. 



Depth. 



Character pf 
bottom. 



D 5663 
D. 5664 
D. 5665 

D.5666 
D. 5667 
D. 5668 
D. 5669 
D. 5670 

D. 5671 
D. 5672 



,\fitcassar Strait. 

Kapoposang Id. (E.), N. 11° 

E., 1.7 miles (4° 43' 22" S., 

118° 57' 35" E.). 
Kapoposang Lt., N. 66° E., 

3.8 miles (4° 43' 22" S., 118° 

53' 18" E.). 
Kapoposang Lt., S. 40° E., 

18.8miles'(4°27'00"S., 118° 

44' 00" E.). 

Libani Bav, Celebes (W.). . . 
Onkona Pt., S. 1° W., 11 

miles (2° 54' 30" S., 118° 47' 

00" E.). 
Onkona Pt., S. 5° W., 11 

miles (2° 56' 00" S., 118° 47' 

30" E.). 
Mamuju Id. (E.), S. 31° E., 

10.6 miles (2° 28' 15" S., 118° 

49' 00" E.). 
Mamuju Id. (E.), S. 14° E., 

18.5 miles (2° 19' 30" S., 118° 

50' 00" E.). 
Chenoki Pt., S. 60° E., 40 

miles (1° 19' 00" S., 118° 43' 

00" E.). 

Chenoki Pt., S. 31° E., 42.5 

miles (1° 05' 00" S., 118° 56' 

00" E.). 
Dongala Lt., S. 80° E., 54 

miles (0° 29' 00" S., 118° 51' 

00" E.). 

Birabirahan (west) 



Trusan Tando Bulong , B . N. 
Borneo. 

Daisy Islet, 4° 27' 53" N., 118° 
38' 25" E. 



Sulu Sea. 
Doc Can Id., southwest. 
China Sea. 



Kwa Siang Bay, Formosa. 
So Wan Bay, Formosa 



Dutch 123; 
Sept., 1901. 

....do.... 



B. A. 2637; 
June, 1885, 
cor. to Oct., 
1904. 

....do.... 
....do.... 



.do.. 



..do... 



.do. 



B. A. 941b, 
Nov., 1867: 
cor.toAug. 
1907. 
....do.... 



B. A. 2636; 
Apr., 187S, 
cor.toApr., 
1907. 

B. A. 9416; 
Nov., 1867, 
cor.toAug, 
1907. 



H. 0.2117; 
June, 1903. 



C. S. 4722. . 



1909. 
Dec. 27 



Dec. 28 
..do... 



Dec. 29 
..do.... 



..do.... 
..do.... 
..do.... 
Dec. 30 



..do.... 
..do..., 

Dec. 31 



1910. 
Jan. 6 



Jan. 7 



Jan. 25 
Jan. 29 



7.20 p. m. 

9.09 a. m. 
9.43 a. m. 

1.51 p. m. 

2.59 p. m. 

8.00 a. m. 
8.39 a. m. 
9.18 a. m. 

9.55 a. m. 
10.25 a. m. 



3.41 p. m. 
4.45 p. m. 

7.25 p. m. 



7.03 a. m. 

8.18 a. m. 

12.41 p. m. 
1.45 p. m 



7.26 p. m, 



8.45 a. m. 



1.45 p. m 



10.15 a. m 



8.30 a. m 
7.30 a. m. 



fms. 
10 

400 

1,008 



hrd. 
M.. 



Co.... 
gn. M. 



367 
901 



gy- s., M. 
gy. M — 



gy- M. 



91)0 



gy. M. 



Co. 



Co. 



S., Co. 



DBEDGING AND HYDROGEAPHIC EECOEDS. 97 

Steamer Albatross in the Philippine Islands, 1907-1910 — Continued. 



Tempera- 
tures. 


Density. 


Apparatus. 


Trial. 


Drift. 




< 


•2 

3 
02 


a 

o 
"o 

m 


Sur- 
face. 


Bot- 
tom. 


Depth. 


Dura- 
tion. 


Direction. 


u 

a 
S 

5 


Remarks. 


°F. 
S3 


"F. 

84 


"F. 










h. m. 




mi. 




43.3 






int. 4 


surface . 


10 40 






Ship at anchor. 










81 


84 






12' Agz 


botm... 


21 


S. 67° W.. 


2.5 


No bottom sample 
in net. 

No bearings ob- 
tainable. 








80 


82 








12' Agz 


botm... 
6-18 ft.. 


05 
3 30 


SW 


2.0 








away on bottom 
20 shots. 






47.5 














Rf) 


82 






12' Agz 


botm... 


12 


S. 34° E... 


1.5 






41.7 








*!■•> 


83 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


N.34° W- 


1.5 






38.2 








R1 


83 
84 






12' Agz 

int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 


19 
24 


S. 47° E... 
North 


2.8 
1.0 




K3 








tach. 




38.2 








Shot did not de- 


v> 


82 






12' Agz 


botm... 


20 


South 


2.0 


tach. 
One bridle stop 
parted. 




38.2 






S3 


84 
83 






12' Agz 

int. 4 


botm... 
surface . 

10-20 ft. 

10-15 ft. 

10-30 ft. 

10-25 ft. 
10-30 ft. 


23 
20 

2 15 

45 

1 00 

3 00 
3 30 


S. 63° E... 

N. 10° W.. 


2.0 




8? 








No bearings ob- 
















tainable. 
12 shots. 


















6 shots. 


















10 shots. 


















13 shots. 




















1 



















CONDITION AND EXTENT OF THE NATURAL OYSTER 
BEDS OF DELAWARE 



By H. F. Moore 

Assistant, U. S. Bureau of Fisheries 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 745 



CONTENTS. 

Page. 

Introduction .' 3 

Methods of the survey 4 

Description of oyster grounds 7 

Bombay bed 7 

- Thrum-cap bed 8 

Over-the-Bar bed 9 

Patches between Over-the-Bar and Sand bedfl 10 

Sand bed 11 

Leipsic Rock 11 

Bed north of Silver bed 12 

Between Silver bed and Simons Creek '. 12 

Silver bed 13 

Lumps between Silver and Ridge beds 14 

Drum bed 15 

Ridge bed 16 

Small beds northeast of Ridge bed 18 

Old bed 19 

Outside of Old bed 19 

Scattered patches between Ridge and Southwest beds 20 

Southwest bed '. 20 

Stone bed 22 

East Line bed 22 

Flogger bed 23 

The beds in summary 23 

Physical and biological conditions 27 

Tides and currents 27 

Salinity of the water 27 

Enemies of the oyster 28 

2 



CONDITION AND EXTENT OF THE NATURAL OYSTER 
BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



By H. F. Moore, 

Assistant, United States Bureau of Fisheries. 



INTRODUCTION. 

At the solicitation of the Delaware Oyster Survey Commission the 
Bureau of Fisheries during the summer of 1910 undertook a survey 
of the natural oyster beds of Delaware Bay within the jurisdiction of 
the State of Delaware. The State, which was making a survey of the 
planted beds under the supervision of Mr. C. C. Yates, of the United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, furnished the triangulation and 
made a small appropriation for the payment of two temporary em- 
ployees during part of the work, but the Bureau of Fisheries fur- 
nished all other personnel, in addition to launches, boats, and 
equipment. 

The steamer Fish Hawk was detailed for the work from June 1 to 
July 10, though, owing to unexpected delays in securing a launch 
able enough for the execution of hydrography in the open waters of 
the bay, she did not actually reach the field of operations until June 
18. Part of the civilian personnel was ordered to the ship on May 26, 
in order to have the equipment in readiness for the anticipated com- 
mencement of work on June 1, on which date the entire party was 
assembled. 

The purpose of the survey was the accurate location and charting 
of the natural oyster beds and the investigation of their present 
condition and productiveness. No previous survey or investigation 
of the beds of this region has been made, and although their approxi- 
mate location is known to the local oystermen with reference to cer- 
tain more or less indefinable natural landmarks, it is difficult for them 
to indicate, even roughly, their general position on the charts. Con- 
cerning some of the beds, and especially the southern extension of 
Flogger bed, the information obtained from the various sources was 
extremely contradictory. 

59395°— 11 17 3 



4 NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 

METHODS OF THE SURVEY. 

The methods employed were those pursued in former surveys of 
like character, and are explained in detail in a description of the beds 
of the James River, 1 from which some of the following is repeated : 

A "boat sheet" was prepared, on which were accurately platted 
the positions, as determined by triangulation, of lighthouses and the 
towers erected as shore signals. These data were furnished by the 
State and were based on a development of the triangulation employed 
in the survey of the planted or leased beds. 

The oyster beds were discovered by soundings with a lead line, 
but principally by means of a length of chain dragged over the bot- 
tom at the end of a copper wire running from the sounding boat. 
The wire was wound on a reel and its unwound length was adjusted 
to the depth of water and the speed of the launch, so that the 
chain was always on the bottom. Whenever the chain touched a 
shell or an oyster the shock or vibration was transmitted up the wire 
to the hand of a man whose sole duty it was to give heed to such 
signals and report them to the recorder. 

The launches from which the soundings were made were run 
at a speed of between 3 and 4 miles per hour, usually on ranges 
ashore to insure the rectitude of the lines. At intervals of three 
minutes — in some cases two minutes — the position of the boat was 
determined by two simultaneous sextant observations of the angles 
between a set of three signals, the middle one of which was common 
to the two angles, the position being immediately platted on the 
boat sheet. At regular intervals of twenty seconds, as measured 
by a clock under the observation of the recorder, the leadsman made a 
sounding and reported to the recorder the depth of water and the 
character of the bottom, immediately after which the man at the wire 
reported the character of the chain indications since the last sound- 
ing — that is, whether they showed barren bottom or dense, scat- 
tering, or very scattering growths of oysters. 

With the boat running at 3 miles per hour the soundings were 
between 80 and 90 feet apart, and, as the speed of the boat was 
uniform, the location of each was determinable within a yard or two 
by dividing the platted distance between the positions determined 
by the sextant by the number of soundings. The chain, of course, 
gave a continuous indication of the character of the bottom, but the 
record was made at the regular twenty-second intervals observed 
in sounding. 

The chain, while indicating the absence or the relative abundance 
of objects on the bottom, gives no information as to whether they 
are shells or oysters, nor, if the latter, their size and condition. To 
obtain these data it was necessary to supplement the observations 

i Moore, H. F. : Condition and extent of the oyster beds of James River, Virginia. Bureau of Fisheries 
Document No. 729. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 5 

already described by others more definite in respect to the desired 
particulars. Whenever, in the opinion of the officer in charge of the 
sounding boat, such information was required, a numbered buoy 
was dropped, the time and number being entered in the sounding 
book. Another launch, following the sounding boat, anchored 
alongside the buoy, and a quantity of the oysters and shells were 
tonged up, separated by sizes, and counted. 

This boat at each station made a known number of "grabs" 
with the oyster tongs, exercising care to clean the bottom of oysters 
as thoroughly as possible. at each grab. In a given depth of water 
and using the same boat and tongs, an oysterman will cover prac- 
tically the same area of the bottom at each grab, but, other factors 
remaining the same, the area of the grab will decrease with an increase 
in the depth. 

Careful measurements were made and tabulated showing the 
area per grab covered by the tonger employed on the work at each 
foot of depth of water and for each pair of tongs and boat used. 
With these data, and knowing the number of "grabs," the number 
of oysters of each size per square yard of bottom was readily obtain- 
able by simple calculation. The following example will illustrate 
the data obtained and the form of the record : 



Department of Commerce and Labor. 
bureau of fisheries. 



FIELD RECORD OF EXAMINATIONS OF OYSTER BEDS. 

General locality, Delaware Bay, Delaware. 
Local name of oyster ground, Over-thC-Bar. 
Date, July 9, 1910. Time, 8.50 a. m. 
Angle, B 146-B 147. Buoy No. 6. 
Depth, 18 feet. Bottom, soft. 
Condition of water, clear. 
Density, 1.008. Temperature, 25° C. 

Current, Stage of tide, one hour flood. 

Tongman, M. A. Duffield. 

No grabs made, 8. Tongs, 20 feet. 

Total area covered, 2.5 sq. yds. 

No oyster, tek en{^» :1 « n /,•»-«»; 

Quantity shells, 14. 

I Spat per square yard, 5.2. 
Culls per square yard, 51.6. 
Counts per square yard, 28.0. 



129. 
11. 



This furnishes an exact statement of the condition of the bed at a 
spot which can be platted on the chart with error in position of not 
more than a few yards. From the data obtained a close estimate may 
be formed of the number of bushels of oysters and shells per acre in 
the vicinity of the examination and, by multiplying the observations, 
for the bed as a whole. In the course of the survey 590 observations 
were made at various places, principally on the natural rocks, but 
some on the barren bottoms also. 



6 NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 

In estimating the relative productiveness of the bottoms it appeared 
advisable to depart from the methods employed in the James River 
survey on account of the difference in the conditions under which the 
industry is prosecuted. Where tongs are used exclusively, a bed 
with a given quantity of oysters lying in shoal water is more valuable, 
commercially, than one with the same quantity of oysters in deep 
water, owing to the fact that the labor of the tonger is more efficient 
on the former. As has been pointed out, the area covered by a 
"grab" decreases with the depth, other factors being the same, and 
moreover the deeper the water the greater is the labor involved in 
making the grab and the smaller is the number of grabs which can be 
made in a given time. 

In Delaware Bay, while there is a certain amount of tonging during 
the fall and at such times as the weather will permit in winter and 
early spring, the most important and productive fishing is by means 
of dredges, the use of which is permitted from April 15 to June 30, 
inclusive. In dredging, the effects of varying depths of water, within 
reasonable limits, are practically negligible so far as the catch is con- 
cerned. The time required for winding in from deep water is greater 
than from shallow water, but as the dredge is approximately equally 
efficient whatever the depth, and as the difference in the time required 
in winding is small as compared with the period during which the 
dredge is on the bottom, the factor of depth, so important in tonging, 
is practically inconsiderable, 
i The classification adopted in this report is as follows: 

Depleted bottom . Less than 25 bushels per acre. 

Very scattering growth . . s Between 25 and 75 bushels per acre. 

Scattering growth Between 75 and 150 bushels per acre. 

Dense growth Over 1 50 bushels per acre. 

As the region is important for the production of seed rather than 
market oysters, all sizes are included in the estimates of the density 
of oyster growth, but all loose shells and other debris commonly 
dredged are excluded. "Depleted bottom" is not necessarily that 
which was formerly productive but now practically barren, but is 
merely an expression of the present impoverishment of the bed without 
respect to its past. In some cases it may be a formerly barren area 
slowly coming into productiveness. 

The bottom rated as bearing a "very scattering growth" is the 
least productive bottom capable of furnishing a livelihood to the 
dredgers. 

In the course of the survey 16,435 acres, or over 25 square miles, 
were explored with sounding lines and chains. Of this area 2,144 
acres were found to be included in oyster beds of varying degrees of 
productiveness. In the survey the chain was dragged over 124 miles 
of the bottom, soundings were made at 5,772 places, and the position 
of the boat was instrumentally determined at 819 points. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 7 

DESCRIPTION OF OYSTER GROUNDS. 
BOMBAY BED. 

This is the northernmost public oyster bed within the confines of 
Delaware. Its northern limit is opposite the upper pier at Woodland 
Beach, and its southern end is a little below the small creek known 
locally as Tombstone. Its inner or southwestern edge is from 200 to 
400 yards from shore, the average width of the bed is about one- 
fourth mile, and the total length slightly in excess of 1 mile. 

The estimated area, density of growth, and contents of the bed 
are as follows: 

Oyster Growth on Bombay Bed. 



• 


Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 3 
inches. 


Over 3 
inches. 


Total. 


content, of 
oysters. 




Acres. 

Ill 

12 

6 

26 


Bushels. 

250 

103 

22 




Bushels. 

115 

23 

5 




Bushels. 

.365 

126 

27 




Bushels. 
40.515 




2,512 




162 











Total • 


155 








43, 189 













The dense area comprises a broad strip running along the entire 
inshore edge of the bed. The scattering areas are two, the larger 
lying near the middle of the outer edge of the bed and the smaller, a 
very narrow strip, on the offshore edge of the lower end. Both 
merge more or less gradually into the dense area with which they are 
continuous. The area of very scattering growth is a small patch 
situated near the offshore part of the upper end of the bed, in the 
midst of the depleted bottom. The latter appears to be a formerly 
moderately productive area which has become covered by a deposit 
of mud and now produces no oysters, although there are numerous 
buried shells lying on a hard bottom about 6 inches beneath the 
present surface. This bed differs from all others of the region treated 
in this report in being founded on a stony bottom, a considerable 
proportion of the oysters taken being attached to rock fragments. 
The oysters are in small clusters, with thin, sharp shells. Small 
oysters predominate, not only numerically but by measure. No 
drills were found and, reasoning from the low salinity of the water, 
probably do not occur. The specific gravity of the water at the time 
of examination, July 10, 1910, was about 1.005, and it is likely that 
the bed suffers periodically during freshets. The average depth of 
water is about 8 to 10 feet. 

It was reported that there were oysters between the piers, but none 
were found, although there were a few attached to the piling and 
lying on the bottom in its vicinity. 



8 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



The details of the examination of this bed are shown in the following 
table : 

Details of Examinations of Bombay Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
exami- 
nation. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


183 


1910. 
July 10. 
...do.... 


Feet. 
10 
10 
10 
11 
10 
12 
12 
11 
12 
12 
10 
11 
10 
10 
11 


Dense 


No. 
1.6 
10.5 
11.0 
15.8 
28.4 
9.5 
52.0 
74.2 
11.0 
35.2 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

35.2 

42.0 

65.8 
34. 2 

54.2 
17.9 

58.4 
57.4 
1-'. 6 
0.0 
6.3 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

2.6 

12.6 

19.5 

3.2 

20.5 

9.5 

13.7 

10.0 

3.7 

1.0 

0.5 

0.0 

0.0 

0.0 

0.0 


Bu. 

129 

184 

2119 

175 

299 

91) 

387 

461 

S3 

123 

22 










Bu. 

26 

126 

195 

32 

205 

95 

137 

100 

37 

10 

5 










Bu. 
155 


184 


do 


310 


189 


...do.... 

...do.... 


do 


464 


191 


do 


207 


192 


...do.... 


...do 


504 


195 


...do.... 


do 


191 


197 

199 


...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 
...do.... 


do 

do 


524 
561 


194 




120 


198 


do 


133 


186 




27 


185 







187 


do 





188 


...do.... 


do 





190 


...do.... 


do 






THRUM-CAP BED. 

For a distance of about 5 miles, below Bombay bed the bottom is 
reported to be barren, with the possible exception of a few patches of 
insignificant size, and it was not deemed warrantable to incur the 
expense of an examination. 

Thrum-cap bed is a somewhat triangular area lying about 1 mile 
offshore opposite the small stream known to the oystermen as Hay 
Ditch. It covers an area of about 78 acres, of which it is estimated 6 
are covered by a dense growth, 14 by scattering, and 55 b}^ very scat- 
tering, and 3 acres are characterized by a total absence of oysters, but 
with scattered shells buried in the mud. 

The areas of dense and scattering growth form a narrow strip on 
the inshore edge of the bed, with the denser area at the upper end. 
The bottom covered with very scattering growth stretches in gradually 
decreasing productiveness from the outer edge of this strip toward 
the deeper water. The depleted area is a small patch where the dense 
growth shades off into the surrounding barren bottom. The depth of 
water on the bed varies from about 18 feet at the inshore edge to 22 
feet on the outer border. 

It is estimated that the bed contained at the time of examination 
4,195 bushels of oysters of all sizes, of which the dense area bore 1,164 
bushels, the scattering 1,106 bushels, and the very scattering 1,925 
bushels. 

There were comparatively few dead oysters, and no indications of 
the presence of drills were observed. In July the specific gravity of 
the water varied from about 1 .003 at low water to 1 .01 1 at high tide. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



The results of the examinations of this bed are shown in the follow- 
ing table: 

Details op Examinations of Thrum-cap Bed. 



Station 
num- 
ber. 



Date of 
exami- 
nation. 



Depth 

of 
water. 



Character of growth. 



Oysters caught per 
square yard. 



Spat. Culls. Counts 



Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 



Seed. Market. Total 



179.. 
181.. 
178.. 
180.. 



1910. 
Jnlv 9 

...do 

...do 

...do .... 



Feet. 
19 
20 
22 
19 



Dense 

Scattering 

Very scattering 
Depleted 



No. 
4.4 
5.5 
1.7 
0.0 



No. 
28.4 
12.2 
3.3 
0.0 



No. 
8.0 
1.7 
1.7 
0.0 



Bu. 

114 

62 

18 





Bu. 

194 

79 

35 





OVER-THE-BAR BED. 

This bed, like the preceding, from which it is separated by a dis- 
tance of a little over one-eighth of a mile, lies just beyond the edge of 
the shifting sands, which extend to about the 12-foot curve. It is 
about 1 \ miles from shore, and takes its name from its position some 
distance outside of a long sand bar, which, according to the naviga- 
tional charts, is covered by about 4 feet of water at low tide, but on 
which the present survey found water a little deeper. The depth on 
the bed itself varies from 15 to 20 feet. 

The extent and general condition of the bed in July, 1910, is shown 
in the following table : 

Oyster Growth on Over-the-Bar Bed. 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growt h. 


Under 3 
inches. 


t)ver3 
inches. 


Total. 


content of 
oysters. 




Acres. 

109 
15 
39 


Bushels. 

103 
41 



Bushels. 

162 






Bushels. 

275 

41 




Bushels. 
29,975 




615 











Total 


163 








30,590 













The dense growth is found on two areas, 41 and 68 acres in extent, 
respectively, separated by a depleted area containing nothing but 
buried shells. The upper area is long and narrow and contains a 
large preponderance of oysters over 3 inches long. The northern 
end of the lower area is similar, with four or five times as many 
large oysters as small ones, but in the southern the two are in 
approximately equal quantity, and the average of both sizes is about 
335 bushels per acre. The area of very scattering growth is found at 
the inshore edge of the southern part of the bed, and was apparently 
formed by a recent strike on a previously depleted area. The three 
depleted areas lie at the ends and the middle of the bed, the latter in 
reality separating the rock into two distinct parts. The depleted 



10 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



bottom bears no oysters and but few exposed shells and, apparently, 
has been formed either by the silting of sparsely productive bottom 
or by shells dragged by dredging from the rock on to the adjacent 
muddy bottom. 

The oysters throughout the entire bed are long, narrow, sharp-edged, 
and inferior in quality, and are almost invariably in clusters, whose 
bases are buried in soft mud. The bottom throughout is soft, and 
there is apparent nowhere any depth of shell deposits such as are 
found on Silver bed and the Ridge. 

The details of the examinations made on this bed are shown in the 
following table: 

Details of Examinations of Over-the-Bar Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
exami- 
nation. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


169 


1910. 
July 9 
.. .do 


Feet. 
18 
18 
18 
20 
19 
21 
17 
18 
20 
20 
21 




No. 

15.2 
12.0 

5.2 
9.2 
• 0.8 
5.6 
0.8 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

28. 8 
28.0 
51.6 
5.6 
9.2 
6.1 
10.8 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 
14.8 
8.4 
28.0 
10.4 
15.6 
26. 1 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


Bu. 
154 
140 

198 
52 
35 
41 
41 






Bu. 

148 

84 

280 

104 

156 

261 












Bu. 
302 


170 


do 

do 


224 


171 


. . .do 


478 


172 


.. .do 


do 


156 


174.. 


. . .do 


do 


191 


177 


...do 


do 


302 


167. 


. . .do 




41 


168... 


.. .do 







173. 


...do 


do 

do 

do 


l) 


176 


.. .do 





182... 


.do 












PATCHES BETWEEN OVER-THE-BAR AND SAND BEDS. 

In the area between these beds are several small scattered patches 
of oysters, but two of which were examined to determine their char- 
acter. One of these has an area of about 16 acres and is estimated 
to contain about 1,000 or 1,200 bushels of oysters. The other is 
about 5 acres in extent and contains probably about 200 bushels of 
oysters. On both beds and probably on other small patches in the 
vicinity the oysters are long, thin, and narrow, and are found in 
scattered clusters. 

The following table exhibits the data obtained from the examina- 
tions: 

Details of Examinations of Patches between Over-the-Bar Bed and Sand 

Beds.- 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per Estimated quantity 
square yard. oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts.! Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


160.. 


1910. 
July 8 


Feet. 
19 
15 




No. 




No. 
2.8 
3.0 


No. Bu. 

3.2 10 

6.3 11 


Bu. i Bu. 
32 42 


162. . 




63 74 













NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



11 



SAND BED. 

Sand bed lies nearly north of the Ridge and northeast of Silver bed, 
being separated from the latter by a plistance of about one- third of a 
mile. It covers an area of about 54 acres, of which 16 acres are cov- 
ered by a dense growth of oysters and 11 acres by a scattering 
growth, the remaining 27 acres being depleted. 

The productive bottom forms a zone along the inner edge of the 
bed, the southern and middle portions bearing the denser growth. 
The depleted bottom occupies the outer half of the bed. It is esti- 
mated that the bed contained about 4,600 bushels of oysters of all 
sizes at the time of examination, and that of these 3,700 bushels were 
on the area of dense growth, 700 bushels on the very scattered growth, 
and 200 bushels on the depleted bottom. Oysters over 3 inches long 
preponderated on the productive portions of the bed, but were inferior 
in quantity on the depleted area. 

The oysters are superior in shape to those found on the bars north 
of this, being in smaller clusters and rounder. Dead oysters were 
comparatively few, and no indications of the drill were noted. 

Several boats were observed working on Sand bed during the latter 
part of June, and it is reported that the bed was dredged to some 
extent earlier in the season. 

The following examinations were made: 

Details of Examinations of Sand Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated 
oysters per 


quantity 
acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


154 


1910. 
July 8 
...do 


Feet. 
20 
19 
18 
19 
19 




No. 
1.2 

4.0 
0.0 
0.4 
1.6 


No. 

24.4 
1.2 
0.0 
2.4 


No. 

14.4 
4.8 
0.0 
0.4 
0.4 


Bu. 
90 
18 


10 

6 


Bu. 
144 

48 

4 
4 


Bu. 
234 


159 




66 


155 


...do 







156 


...do.... 




14 


157 


...do 


do 


10 











LEIPSIC ROCK. 



This is a small but exceedingly prolific bed lying in the mouth of 
Leipsic Creek within one-eighth of a mile of the shore. It is approxi- 
mately circular in outline and consists of about 4 acres of very dense 
growth. It is estimated that the bed bears* nearly 3,000 bushels of 
oysters, practically none of which is over 3 inches in length, and it 
is probable that it represents a recent rejuvenescence of an old bed. 
There is a deep deposit of shells forming the core of the bed, but 
around the edges this is covered by a deposit of mud which appears 
to be encroaching on and causing a gradual contraction of the pro- 
ductive area. It is probable that the oysters are subject to peri- 
odical destruction from fresh water and mud carried by freshets. 



1-2 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



So far as could be learned the rock has not been worked for several 
years. 

The following examinations were made : 

Details op Examinations of Leipsic Rock. 



Station 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 




Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


140 


1910. 
July 7 
...do 


Feet. 
11 
12 

10 




No. 

41.0 

0.0 

118.0 


No. 
114.5 

14.8 
300.0 


No. 
1.4 
0.4 
1.6 


Bu. 

544 

52 

1,460 


Bu. 
14 
4 
16 


Bu. 

558 


144 .. . 


do 


56 


145. . . 


...do... 


...do... . 


1 476 











BED NORTH OF SILVER BED. 

North of the western end of Silver bed and separated from it by 
about one-eighth of a mile of soft bottom in which scattering shells 
are buried is a nameless bed covering about 25 acres. There are 
about 8 acres covered by scattering growth estimated to contain 
about 900 bushels of oysters and about 17 acres of very scattering 
oysters containing about 750 bushels. The northern part of the 
bed, which bears the heaviest growth, has a substratum of shells, 
but the southern edge lies on sandy bottom. The proportion of 
large oysters is greater than on Silver bed. 

The following observations were made: 

Details of Examinations of Bed North of Silver Bed. 



Station 
number. 



158. 
152. 



Date of 
examina- 
tion. 



1910. 
July 
..do.. 



Depth 

of 
water. 



Character of growth. 



Feet. 

14 I Scattering 

13 Very scattering . 



Oysters cailght per 
square yard. 



Spat. Culls. Counts 



No. 
4.5 
4.0 



No. 
6.7 

9. 2 



No. 
7.8 
2.2 



Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre . 



Seed Market. Total 



Bu. 
39 
22 



Bu. 



117 
44 



BETWEEN SILVER BED AND SIMONS CREEK. 



Almost continuous with Silver bed and stretching for a distance of 
nearly one-half of a mile toward the mouth of Simons Creek is a bed of 
about 17 acres lying on the mud and sand. Its most productive 
area is nearest Silver bed, and the opposite end is bare except of scat- 
tered shells. The best part, about 5 acres in extent, bears a scatter- 
ing growth of oysters estimated to contain about 375 bushels, and 
the area of very scattering growth which adjoins it bears about the 
same quantity on its 7 acres. The depleted bottom is practically 
bare at present, but is in a condition to catch a small set under 
favorable conditions. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



13 



The following table shows the results of examinations : 
Details op Examinations op Bed between Silver Bed and Simons Creek. 



Statiou 
number. 



Date of 
exami- 
nation. 



Depth 
of 

water. 



Character of growth. 



Oysters caught per 
square yard. 



Spat. Culls. Counts. 



Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 



Seed. Market. Total 



166. 
165. 
111. 



1910. 
July 8 
...do.... 
June 29 



Feet. 
9 
9 
14 



Scattering 

Very scattering 
Depleted 



No. 
2.9 
0.0 
0.0 



No. 
3.4 
4.3 
0.0 



No. 
5.4 
3.7 
0.0 



Bu. 
22 
15 
C 



Bu. 



Bu. 



SILVER BED. 

This bed, which is said to derive its name from the silvery color of 
the shells found on the hard rock, is, excepting the Ridge, the largest 
and most important natural bed in Delaware. It lies about 1 mile 
east of the mouth of Dona River, locally known as Simons Creek. 
The bed has a maximum extent of about a mile east and west and 
slightly over a half mile north and south, and it lies in a depth of 
water varying from 8 to 12 feet. 

The following table shows its general extent and condition in 
July, 1910: 

Oyster Growth on Silver Bed. 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 
3 inches. 


Over 
3 inches. 


Total. 


content of 
oysters. 




Acres. 
65 
20 
45 
140 


Bushels. 

171 

82 

25 

8 


Bushels. 

74 

27 

21 

2 


Bushels. 

245 

109 

46 

10 


Bushels. 
15,925 


Scattering 


2.180 




2,070 




1,400 






Total 


270 








21,575 











The most productive parts of the bed lie in its northeast half and 
include a belt of dense and scattering growth about one-half mile 
long and varying from one-eighth to one-third mile in width. 

A considerable part of the bottom covered by the bed is macadam- 
ized with a dense accumulation of shells, or probably two such areas 
separated by a belt of muddy bottom. In places the bottom was so 
hard with compacted shells and so smooth that a boat anchor would 
not take hold. Although this bed is not now raised above the sur- 
rounding barren bottom, it is probable that it originally formed a 
knoll, the crest of which has been cut away by dredging and tonging. 

The area of dense growth lies in a compact body occupying the 
middle of the eastern half of the bed, gradually merging with two 



14 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



small areas of scattering growth at the northwest and southeast ends, 
respectively. There is a third area of scattering growth near the 
western end of the bed. The very scattering growth forms a zone 
around the western and part of the southern side of the more prolific 
bottom, lying on a substratum of compacted shells. Most of the 
western half of the bed is composed of depleted bottom, which also 
extends as a narrow strip around practically the entire circumfer- 
ence of the rest of the bed, the bottom being generally hard and 
shelly with occasional patches of mud. 

In general the present condition of the bed indicates a former 
greater extent of productive bottom. There is every indication that 
it has been closely dredged during the past season, and the present 
content of oysters is probably but a small proportion of the quantity 
on the bottom at the beginning of the season. The shells are in 
excellent condition to receive a set of spat, and under favorable cir- 
cumstances the bed should speedily recuperate. There were com- 
paratively few dead oysters, and drills or borers do not appear to be 
troublesome. 

The following observations were made: 

Details of Examinations of Silver Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


58 


1910. 
June 25 
June 29 
July 8 
...do. .. 


Feet. 
14 
14 
13 
10 
14 
14 
9 
13 
11 
13 

13 
13 
11 
11 

14 
13 




No. 

23.7 
5.9 
1.5 
8.7 

12.2 
1.4 
4.3 
0.4 
.2.4 
2.6 


No. 

65.0 

21.1 

29.6 

40.0 

7.4 

22.2 

22.9 

3.3 

7.9 

4.5 


No. 

12.2 
6.7 
7.8 
2.9 
1.9 
3.3 
2.9 
1.2 
1.7 
3.3 


Bu. 
310 
94 
109 
170 
69 
83 
95 
13 
36 
25 


Bu. 

122 
67 
78 
29 
19 
33 
29 
12 
17 
33 


Bu. 

432 


110 


do 


161 


149... 


do 


187 


163... 


...do 


199 


55 


June 25 
July 8 
...do 




88 


147 . 




116 


164 


do 


124 


59 


June 25 
June 27 
July 8 
June 25 
...do 




25 


100 




53 


150... 


...do 


58 


52 






53... 




0.3 
0.0 
0.0 
1.4 
0.0 

1.1 


4.5 
0.0 
2.8 
1.0 
0.0 
2.2 


0.0 

0.0 
0.3 
0.7 
0.0 
0.0 


17 


10 
8 


11 




3 





17 


60... 


...do... 


...do 





98 


June 27 
...do 


do 


13 


99 . 


.. do 


15 


109 


June 29 
July 8 


do 





148... 


...do 


11 









LUMPS BETWEEN SILVER AND RIDGE BEDS. 



Lying between Sand and Silver beds on the north and Ridge and 
Drum beds on the south are a number of small lumps and patches 
surrounded by a considerable area of barren bottom. Eight of these 
areas were located by the survey, most of them covering areas of 3 
or 4 acres, and there are probably a number of others, as on account of 
their small size and irregular distribution but little time was spent in 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



15 



looking for them. But three of these places were examined in detail, 
and their location may be determined by an inspection of the chart . 
One of them was about 3 acres in extent and was estimated to con- 
tain about 2,500 bushels of long, sharp-edged oysters in large clus- 
ters, growing on a soft, muddy bottom. The other two spots exam- 
ined bore a very scattering growth. The largest of these, about one- 
fourth mile inshore of the upper end of Drum bed, was estimated 
to be about 8 acres in extent and to contain about 300 bushels of 
oysters. The other, just south of the middle of Silver bed, has an 
area of about 4 acres and contained at the time of examination about 
120 bushels of oysters. 

The five areas located but not examined varied in extent from 
about 1 to 14 acres, and are situated variously. They are shown on 
the chart as unshaded places surrounded by red lines. Judging 
from the chain readings none of them is particularly productive. 

The following observations were made in this region: 

Details of Examinations op Lumps between Silver and Ridge Beds. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


96 


1910. 
June 27 
...do 


Feet. 
18 
15 
13 




No. 
1.4 
0.7 
0.0 


No. 

28.0 
4.1 
2.2 


No. 

75. 2 
1.9 
2. 2 


Bu. 

103 
17 
8 


Bu. 
752 
19 


Bu. 
855 


86 




36 


97... 


..■do. .. 


do 


30 











DRUM BED. 

Drum bed lies west of and very close to the depleted edge of the 
ridge and about 1 mile from shore. It has a length of over one-half 
mile, a width of about one-fourth mile, and a total area of approxi- 
mately 68 acres. Its condition and the relative extent of oyster 
growths of the several degrees of productiveness are shown in the 
following table: 

Oyster Growth on Drum Bed. 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 3 
inches. 


Over 3 
inches. 


Totai. 


content of 
oysters. 


Dense 


Acres. 
16 
21 
19 
12 


Bushels. 

139 

30 

32 

1 


Bushels. 
83 
65 

18 
6 


Bushels. 
222 
~95 
50 

7 


Bushels. 
3,552 




1.995 




950 


Depleted 


84 






Total 


68 








6,581 


. 











16 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



The most prolific part of the bed is an area about one-fourth mile 
square extending across its middle, consisting of an area of dense 
growth flanked on each side by one bearing a scattering growth. The 
northern end of the bed is composed of a gradually narrowing area 
of very scattering growth, and there is a small patch of similar char- 
acter at the inside corner of the southern end. 

The depleted bottom is in two patches, one adjoining the scattering 
and very scattering growths at the lower end and the other interposed 
between the dense scattering and very scattering oyster deposits just 
above the middle. The bottom is soft on the areas of very scattering 
growth and on part of the northernmost depleted area, but is elsewhere 
hard and shelly. 

Small oysters exceed in quantity those over 3 inches long, excepting 
on the area of scattering growth, where there are about twice as many 
large as small ones. Loose shells are in fair abundance and of a char- 
acter to catch a good set under favorable conditions. 

The following observations were made: 

Details of Examinations of Drum Bed. 



Station 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 
of 

water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 




1910. 

June 25 

do. . 


Fed. 
16 
16| 
17 
17 
17 
18 
18 
17 
15 
17 




No. 
27.2 
16.0 
4.0 
7.2 
1.4 
1.6 
1.6 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

18.8 
30.0 
23.2 
13.2 
10.0 
2.8 
9.2 
7.6 
0.4 
0.0 


No. 
3.6 
7.6 

13.6 
3. 2 
8^2 
8.2 
1.6 
2.0 
0.4 
0.8 


Bu. 

161 

161 

95 

71 

4 

15 

37 

27 

1 




Bu. 

36 
76 
136 
32 

82 

82 
16 
20 
4 
8 


Bu. 
197 


48 


do 


237 




June 29 
June 25 
June 27 
June 29 
do 


do 


231 






103 


84 


.do 


86 




do 


97 


105 




53 


108 


do 


do 


47 


73 


June 27 
do 




5 


85 - 


do 


8 











RIDGE BED. 

The Ridge bed, known to the oystermen as "The Ridge," is at 
present the most important natural bed in Delaware, and during the 
period of the present survey it sustained by far the heaviest dredging. 
During the latter half of June numerous vessels were at work daily 
and until the end of the month, when the dredging season closed, there 
appeared to be a fair catch. 

The Ridge lies about H miles from the nearest shore, midway 
between Dona River and Mahon River. It is triangular in shape, 
with a deep indentation or slough of muddy bottom projecting deeply 
into its base at the southern end. It has an extent of slightly over 1 
mile north and south and its southern end is almost of equal extent 
east and west. It has a total area of 371 acres and the most produc- 
tive bottom, that which is rated in this report as bearing dense and 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



17 



scattering growths, stretches from the northern apex to about the 
middle of the bed, where it divides into two limbs astride the slough 
before alluded to. 

It is evident that this bed, like Silver bed, is an old one, and without 
doubt its central portions, those which now bear the heaviest growth 
of oysters, were formerly elevated above the surrounding bottom to 
form a shoal or ridge which has been pulled down and in large part 
carried away by the oystermen, particularly the dredgers, until at 
present the water over it shoals but little as compared with the sur- 
rounding barren areas. The great deposit of shells which originally 
existed has been taken up and the bottom so denuded that in places 
the originally underlying mud has been brought to the surface. Many 
little patches of bare mud were found where there was every reason to 
expect a deposit of shells and oysters and it was apparent that the bed 
was being overworked. 

The general condition and extent of the bed at the end of June, 
1910, is shown in the following table: 

Oyster Growth on Ridge Bed. 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 3 

inches. 


Over 3 

inches. 


Total. 


contenl of 
oysters. 




Acres. 
49 
86 
65 
171 


Bushels. 

160 

96 

36 

4 


Bushels. 
23 

25 

21 

1 


Bushels. 

183 

121 

57 

5 


Bushels. 
8,967 




10. 406 




3.705 




855 






Total 


371 








23.933 













The dense areas are two in number, separated by an area of scat- 
tered growth. The smaller of these areas lies at the northern apex 
of the bed and the larger one is a long belt along most of its eastern 
side. More or less soft mud is to be found in the former, especially 
near its upper edge, but the latter rests on a solid substratum of 
shells. 

The lower end of the larger dense area gradually verges into a 
small spot of scattering growth, but most of the bottom bearing 
a growth of this character is embraced in a long, somewhat S-shaped 
strip running from near the northern end of the bed almost to its 
southwest corner. The northern end, especially between and adja- 
cent to the dense growths, is most productive. 

The very scattering growth is all confined to the southern edge of 
the bed, most of it being between the mud slough and the dense and 
scattering growth. Excepting close to the more productive areas 
there is much muddy bottom in this area. Most of the depleted 



18 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



bottom lies on the west side of the bed, but there is a narrow strip 
along the eastern edge and embracing the southern end of the dense 
and scattering growth. Much of the depleted area is in reality 
denuded or barren, and although most of it lies on hard bottom 
there are numerous muddy spots, especially near the southern edge. 

On this bed as a whole and especially on the more productive 
areas small oysters are in great preponderance. In many cases 
there were quantities of oysters so small that they fell between the 
teeth of the tongs. 

The following observations were made on this bed: 

Details op Examinations of Ridge Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 
of 

water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


67 


1910. 
June 26 
June 27 
...do 


Feet. 
17 
18 
16 
16 
16 
18 
16 
15 
14 
15 
16 
17 
16 
16 
17 
15 
14 
16 
17 
16 
16 
10 
13 
13 




No. 

20.0 

31.2 

29.1 

19.2 

16. 

17.2 

28.8 

7.4 

4.8 

2.2 

o!s 

12.4 
0.0 
1.2 
2.0 
0.0 
2. 6 
0.0 
0.4 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

20.0 

21.2 

16.0 

7.6 

12. 

13. 6 

4.4 

10.7 

1.1 

3.7 

10.4 

5.2 

0.0 

2.0 

2.4 

0.0 

0.7 

0.0 

0.4 

0.0 

0.0 

n. n 


No. 

3.9 
1.6 
1.6 

2.0 
4.0 
2.8 

2.0 
1.9 

0.7 
5.2 
2.4 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 

0.0 

0.0 
0.4 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 

1.1 


Bu. 

140 

1S3 

158 

94 

98 

108 

116 

63 

21 

21 

39 

02 



11 

15 



12 



3 









1 


Bu. 
39 
16 

10 

20 

40 

28 

20 

10 

7 

52 

24 











4 













11 


Bu. 
179 


91 


do 


199 


93 


....do.. 


174 


(12 


June 26 

...do 

...do 




114 


05 

69 


do 

....do 


138 
136 


92 
101 

ill 


June 27 
...do 

June 26 
...do 


do 

do 


136 

28 


63 


do 

do 


73 


70 


June 27 
..do 


63 


90 


do 


62 


64 


June 26 
...do 







66 


do 


11 


70 


.do.... 


..do 


15 


80 


June 27 

...do 

...do 


....do 





81 


....do . 


16 


82 


do . 





83 


...do 


....do 


3 


87 


...do 

..do 


do. 





88 


do . 





89 


...do 


do . 





102 


...do 

...do 


do .. 


0.0 0.0 
0.0 





103 


do.. 


12 













SMALL BEDS NORTHEAST OF RIDGE BED. 

Northeast of the Ridge is a small patch of about 7 acres of very 
scattering growth which is estimated to contain about 200 bushels 
of oysters, most of them over 3 inches in length. 

The following results were obtained from an examination of this 
area: 

Details op Examinations op Small Beds Northeast op Ridge Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


94 


1910. 
June 27 


Feet. 
18 


Very scattering 


No. 



No. 

1.4 


No. 
2.4 


Bu. 
5 


Bu. Bu. 
24 29 











NATUKAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



OLD BED. 



19 



Old bed lies close to the southeastern edge of the Ridge, from which 
it is separated by a narrow strip of mud with many buried shells. 
It is stated that the dredgers sometimes haul across the barren 
bottom from one betl to the other.. 

The condition and extent of the bed as determined by the survey 
were as follows: 

Oyster. Growth on Old Bed. 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 3 
inches. 


Over 3 
inches. 


Total. 


content of 
oysters. 




A cres. 
20 
17 


Bushels. 
40 
10 


Bushels. 
2 
3 


Bushels. 
42 
13 


Bushels. 
840 




221 






Total 


37 








• 1,061 













Although the bed is at present not very productive it has the 
appearance of former greater value. It lies on a dense bed of shells 
and is undoubtedly the remnant of an old accumulation. There are 
very few large oysters to be found, but the young growth is fair in 
places and the conditions for a new set are good. The bed evidently 
has been subjected to severe dredging. 

The following observations were made: 

Details op Examinations of Old Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


76 


1910. 
June 27 
June 30 
...do 


Feet. 
16 
17 
19 
19 
19 
17 
18 
17 
20 




No. 

10.4 
6.0 
0.8 

10.4 
4.8 
0.0 
1.2 
0.0 
0.6 


No. 
2.8 
1.4 
5.6 

11.6 
4.4 
2.0 
2.0 
1.2 
4.4 


No. 
0.0 
0.0 
0.8 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.8 
0.4 
0.0 


Bu. 
46 
26 
22 
77 
32 

7 
11 

4 
18 


Bu. 


8 



8 
4 



Bu. 
46 


130 


do 


26 


131 


do... 


30 


132 


...do.... 


...do... 


77 


133 


...do 


...do 


32 


74 

75 


June 27 
...do 


Depleted 

do 


7 
19 


78 


...do 


do 

do 


8 


134 


June 30 


18 









OUTSIDE OF OLD BED. 

Immediately outside of Old bed is an area of about 16 acres, sur- 
rounded by sand, for which the oystermen appear to have no name, 
if, even, they are aware of its existence. But one observation was 
made at this place, where a dense growth of young oysters was found. 
If the other parts of the bed are equally productive this patch con- 
tains about 6,800 bushels of oysters, practically all of them under 3 
inches in length. The present growth is apparently of recent origin. 
59395°— 11 18 



20 NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 

The following results were obtained from the examination : 
Details of Examinations of Beds Outside of Old Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth- 


Oysters caught per 
* square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


77 


1910. 
June 27 


FeH. 
15 




No. 
35.0 


No. 

83.4 


No. 

15.0 


Bu. 

414 


Bu. 
15 


Bu. 

429 









SCATTERED PATCHES BETWEEN RIDGE AND SOUTHWEST BEDS. 

On the soft bottom lying between these two beds are a number of 
little patches of oyster growth, of which five were located with the 
chain and three were examined by tonging. The latter were all 
highly productive, and they probably represent the possibilities of 
oyster production in this vicinity on beds not frequented by the 
dredgers. 

The three beds examined covered a total of 11 acres, and it is 
estimated that they contained about 5,300 bushels of oysters, of which 
nearly three-fourths were over 3 inches long. Based on the results 
of the examination, and assuming that the other beds found are equally 
productive, the five beds probably contain about 11,000 bushels, and 
it is probable that at least 20,000 bushels are scattered in little 2 to 5 
acre patches in the vicinity. 

The following table shows the data obtained from examinations: 

Details of Examinations of Small Scattered Patches Between Ridge and 

Southwest Bed. 



Station 
num- 


Date of 

examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


40 . 


1910. 
June 22 
...do 


Feet. 
12 
14 
14 




No. 

20.3 
15.2 
15.2 


No. 
21.1 
30.4 
14.4 


No. 
21.1 
20.7 
71.5 


Bu. 
145 
159 

104 


Bu. 

211 
207 
715 


Bu. 

356 


42 


do 


366 


71... 


June 27 


do 


819 









SOUTHWEST BED. 

Southwest bed lies in the southeastern part of the present pro- 
ductive natural oyster grounds of the State and its southern edge is 
about one-fourth mile north of the "east line" which separates the 
private beds from the public ones. It has a north and south extent 
of upward of one-half mile and a maximum width of about one-third 
mile, containing all told about 106 acres. 

The extent and relative productiveness of the bottoms, as classified 
in this report, are shown in the table following. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 
Oyster Growth on Southwest Bed. 



21 





Area. 


Oysters per acre. 


Estimated 


Character of oyster growth. 


Under 3 • Over 3 
inches. inches. 


Total. 


content of 
oysters. 




Acres. 

11 

8 

31 

56 


Bushels. 

40 

99 

18 

4 


Bushels. 

744 

48 

13 

1 


Bushels. 

784 

147 

31 

5 


Bushels. 
8,624 




1,376 




961 




280 








106 








11,241 













The area of dense growth is near the southern end of the bed and 
is flanked on the east and west sides by a very scattering growth, and 
on the north and south by depleted bottom. Most of the oysters are 
over 3 inches long and they appear to be in numerous small patches 
on the soft mud. The place has the appearance of bottom which has 
been overlooked by the oystermen and may as a whole be somewhat 
smaller in area than is indicated in the preceding table. 

The bottom bearing scattering growth lies at the northeast edge of 
the bed and at its southwestern limits merges into a strip of very 
scattering growth running along the western edge of the bed as far 
as the densely covered bottom first described. There is another 
small patch of very scattering growth near the southeast corner of 
the bed. 

The depleted bottom lies in three patches, one at each end of the 
bed and the other at the middle of the eastern edge. 

Although it is not known whether Southwest bed was dredged 
during the past season, it bears every evidence that it has been over- 
worked. Excepting on the small area of dense growth there are few 
marketable oysters, and bare or almost bare muddy spots are of 
frequent occurrence. Many oysters had been killed by drills and 
many of these animals and their egg cases were found. 

The following table shows the results of examinations: 

Details of Examinations of Southwest Bed. 



Station 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


126 . 


1910. 
June 30 
June 22 
June 30 

...do 

...do 

...do .... 


Feet. 
14 
13 
13 
12 
15 
14 
13 
14 
12 
13 
15 
15 




No. 

1.5 

5.6 

0.4 

1.5 

0.0 

0.0 

0.0 

0.4 

0.0 

0.0 

0.0' 

0.0 


No. 
10.0 
22.7 
5.6 
7.5 
1.4 
4.4 
0.0 
4.4 
1.4 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 


No. 

74.4 
4.8 
0.4 
0.4 
3.0 
1.5 
0.0 
0.0 
0.4 
0.4 
0.0 
0.0 


Bu. 
40 
99 
21 
31 
5 

15 

17 
5 





Bu. 

744 

48 

4 

4 

30 

15 





4 

4 






Bu. 
784 


31 




147 


121 




25 


122 


do 


35 


128 

129 


do 

....do 


35 
30 


32 .. 


June 22 
June 30 
...do 







120 .. 




17 


123 


....do 


9 


124 


...do 


do 


4 


125 


...do 

.:.do 


do 





127. .. 


do 












22 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



STONE BED. 

This bed possibly takes its name from the quantity of hard, sandy 
worm tubes, known to the oystermen as "stone coral," which are found 
attached to and overgrowing the oysters. It is probable that a good 
many of the latter are stifled and killed by this growth, which is 
even more abundant on a small depleted patch lying between the 
Stone bed and the mouth of Mahon lliver. 

The bed covers an area of about 33 acres of very scattering growth, 
on which there is an average of about 53 bushels of oysters per acre. 
It is estimated that about July 1, 1910, there were on the entire bed 
about 1,750 bushels of oysters, the large and small being in about 
equal quantities. 

The following observations were made: 

Details op Examination of Stone Bed. 



Station 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
" square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 




1910. 
June 22 
June 29 


Feet. 
13 

18 




No. 
0.7 


No. 
4.8 
10.0 


No. 
2.6 
2.4 


Bu. 

19 
35 


Bu. 
26 

24 


Bu. 

45 






59 













EAST LINE BED. 

This bed lies just at the line which marks the southern limits of the 
public grounds, and it appears that for that reason it has a sentimental 
interest to the oystermen. It has a diameter not much greater than 
the length of a boat and is too small to plot on the chart, on which its 
position is indicated by a circle. 

Numerous examinations were made in its vicinity over an area 
of 6 or 8 acres, but at only one place were oysters found, and there 
they were very dense and mostly of marketable size. 

The data obtained at this station are shown in the following table: 

Details of Examinations of East Line Bed. 



Station 


Date of 
examina- 
tion. 


Depth 

of 
water. 


Character of growth. 


Oysters caught per 
square yard. 


Estimated quantity 
oysters per acre. 


ber. 


Spat. 


Culls. 


Counts. 


Seed. 


Market. 


Total. 


118 


1910. 
June 30 


Feet. 
13 




No. 
0.0 


No. 
10.0 


No. 
77.8 


Bu. 
35 


Bu. 

778 


Bu. 
813 









NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 23 

FLOGGER BED. 

Flogger bed Lies along Joe Flogger Shoal, which separates Blake 
Channel from the ship channel. As developed by the survey, it is 
the largest bed in Delaware, having a length of over 3 miles, an average 
width of about one-third mile, and an area of about 660 acres. Owing 
to its exposed situation and the depth of water, as well as to the con- 
tradictory information received as to its approximate location and 
extent, it was the most troublesome bed encountered by the survey. 
Lines were run across Joe Flogger Shoal from its extreme southern 
end, but no indications of shells or oysters were encountered until 
within about one-half mile of east line. From this point scattering 
shells were found, but when the bottom was examined with the tongs 
these were discovered to be more or less submerged in the sand. 

The bed as outlined on the chart was located almost entirely by 
means of the chain. At its upper end it lies on the eastern or ship- 
channel side of Joe Flogger Shoal, but about a mile from its upper 
end it expands to the westward over an area of somewhat deeper 
water, and thence, to its southern end, continues on the western or 
Blake Channel side of the shoal. It was at this point of expansion 
only that oysters were found, in one small patch of very scattering 
growth and two or three areas of depleted bottom. The results were 
not of sufficient importance to exhibit in detail on the chart. It is 
possible that oysters are to be found in limited quantities in some of 
the deeper water, but the chain readings did not indicate patches of 
sufficient importance to warrant the expense of making dredgings. 
It is reported that there are oysters in some of the deep water of the 
ship channel, but no indications were found in such places as were 
examined. 

It is understood that Flogger bed has not been dredged for several 
years, and the survey indicated that while formerly it may have been 
of importance commensurate with its area, it has become covered with 
sand throughout practically its whole extent. It may again become 
productive, but there is no present indication of this probability. 

Oysters were reported around the buo} 7- at the head of Flogger Shoal 
and at another buoy on the opposite side of Blake Channel, but a care- 
ful examination, expecially in the latter place, failed to disclose them. 

THE BEDS IN SUMMARY. 

The oyster bottoms of Delaware all lie between Woodland Beach 
and the vicinity of Bowers Beach, covering an area about 21 miles 
long and with an average width of about 3 miles. South and west of a 
line running east from the old Mahon River Lighthouse and thence 
approximately southeasterly along Blake Channel, the bottoms are 
excluded from the common oyster fishery and a considerable propor- 
tion of the area is leased to private persons and firms for purposes of 
oyster culture. 



24 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



With this area this report will not deal, as it was examined by the 
writer in but the most cursory manner and the survey of the private 
beds was being made solely as a State undertaking. It may be stated, 
however, that the private beds are planted partly with shells, mostly 
brought from points on Chesapeake Bay, but generally with seed 
oysters taken from the natural beds. The grounds are in large part 
leased or controlled by residents of Philadelphia and New Jersey, and 
the product is consumed principally in Philadelphia, being marketed 
through Maurice River Cove in New Jersey. 

The natural rocks, with which alone this report is concerned, lie in 
a narrow strip between Blake Channel and the main ship channel on 
what is known as Joe Flogger Shoal, and between these channels and 
the Delaware shore in a belt which stretches from the east line above 
mentioned to about abreast of the upper pier at Woodland Beach, a 
distance of about 13 miles. 

At its southeastern end, where it adjoins the planted area, this zone 
is about 3 miles in width, but it gradually narrows to the northward 
until at its upper extremity it is hardly one-half mile wide. The most 
extensive beds lie in the lower half of the zone and the most intense 
fishery is carried on in that region. During the time of the survey 
this was practically the only place in which the dredgers were operat- 
ing, and we were informed that but little had been done elsewhere 
earlier in the season. 

The following tables summarize the data of the extent, condition, 
and general distribution of oyster growth on the several beds pre- 
viously discussed in more detail: 

Areas of Oyster Beds. 



Name of bed. 



Bombay 

Thrum-cap 

Over-the-Bar 

Between Over-the-Bar and Sand.. 

Sand 

Leipsic Rock 

North of Silver 

Between Silver and Simons Creek. 

Silver 

Between Silver and Ridge 

Drum 

Ridge 

Northeast of Ridge 

Old 

Outside of Old 

Between Ridge and Southwest 

Southwest 

S tone 

East Line 

Flogger 



Total. 



Character of oyster growth. 



Dense. 



Acres. 
Ill 
6 
109 



(') 



417 



Scatter- 
ing. 



Very 

scatter- 
ing. 



icrcs. 
6 

55 
15 
21 
11 



174 



Depleted. 



Acres. 



5 

140 



12 
171 



56 



496 



Not 
deter- 
mined. 



21 



693 



Total. 



Acres. 



P) 



155 

78 

163 
21 
54 
4 
25 
17 

270 
36 
68 

371 

7 

37 

16 

23 

106 
33 

660 



2,144 



i Less than 1 acre. 



2 Practically all depleted. 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 25 

Estimated Oyster Content of Natural Beds, July 1, 1910. 





Character of oyster growth. 




Name of bed. 


Dense. 


Scatter- 
ing. 


Very 
scatter- 
ing. 


Depleted. 


Not 
deter- 
mined. 


Total. 


| Bushels. 


Bushels. 
2,512 
1,100 


Bushels. 
162 

1.925 

615 


Bushels. 


Bushels. 


Bushels. 
4:;, 189 


Thrum-cap 1 1 . 161 






4,195 




29, 975 






30, 590 






1.200 
700 






1 200 


Sand 3, 700 




200 




4 600 


Leipsic Rock 3, 000 








3,000 
1,650 




900 

375 

2,180 


750 
375 

2,070 
420 
950 

3,705 
200 
840 












750 


Silver 


15, 925 
2,500 
3,552 


1,400 

84 
855 




21,575 




'3,000 


5,920 
6,581 




1,995 

10,406 




8,967 




23, 933 






200 


Old 






221 




1,061 


Outside of Old 


6,800 
5, 300 
8,624 






6, 800 










» 15,000 


20, 300 




1,376 


961 
1,750 


2S0 


11.241 


Stone 


1,750 


East Line 


'500 








i 500 










( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 










Total 


130, 522 


20, 850 


16, 623 


3,040 


18, 000 


iwi.ii:!.-. 



1 Estimated from chain indications. 



2 Practically all depleted. 



Combining the foregoing data, an interesting comparison may be 
instituted between the beds sustaining a heavy fishery with dredges 
and those which recently have been worked but little. According 
to the best information, supported by our own observations in the 
latter part of the season, practically all of the dredging in 1910 was 
on the beds south of Over-the-Bar, although a few vessels were 
observed apparently working on Thrum-cap. These beds, excluding 
Flogger, had a total area of 1 ,088 acres and a total estimated oyster 
content of 111,061 bushels, or an average of 102 bushels per acre, at 
the end of the season. On the beds which were reported or observed 
to be most severely worked the oyster content averaged considerably 
less than this. On the Ridge the average for the whole bed was about 
60 bushels per acre, on Drum bed about 97 bushels, on Silver bed 
about 80 bushels, on Old bed 30 bushels, and on Southwest bed about 
106 bushels, and for the five beds taken as a whole the average was 
about 75 bushels per acre. 

The beds above and including Over-the Bar have an area of 396 
acres and a total estimated content of 77,984 bushels of oysters of all 
sizes, or an average of 197 bushels per acre. These beds, owing to 
their position, are probably more subject than the lower beds to dam- 
age from freshets and are probably naturally less productive, yet 
they had at the time of examination an oyster growth over 2\ times 
as dense. If we consider the various small patches surrounding the 
five beds enumerated above, which are in general too small to dredge 
or which, if large enough, have been overlooked during the season 



26 NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 

recently closed, the disparity is still greater. Those which were 
examined by tonging had an area of 46 acres and an estimated 
content of 18,000 bushels of oysters, an average of nearly 390 bushels 
per acre, over five times the density of growth on the large beds in 
the vicinity. 

The number of bushels taken from the beds of Delaware during the 
past season is not known but it was probably several hundred thou- 
sand bushels, and from the conditions found in the survey and the 
data just deduced it probably can be safely assumed that oysters 
were from three to five times as abundant at the beginning of the sea- 
son as the} 7- were 'in its closing days when the survey was made. 

This heavy draft on the beds would be less serious were it not 
accompanied by an abuse for which there is no excuse. In a region 
devoted mainly to planting and where a comparatively small quantity 
of oysters is marketed directly from the natural beds it is economically 
advisable to permit the taking of small oysters as well as large. So 
long as there is an abundance of shells on the bottom and a reasonable 
quantity of oysters is left to furnish spawn there will be, under favor- 
able conditions of water and temperature, a more or less regular set 
of spat and the oyster population of the beds will be fairly maintained, 
although, of course, the proportion of oysters of marketable size will 
diminish. When, however, the beds are stripped of shells, as appears 
to be the case in Delaware, they wilt surely become depleted. 

During the survey, although a number of vessels were actively 
dredging, no member of the party observed a boat engaged in culling. 
Inquiry among the oystermen elicited the information that while the 
boats catching seed oysters for sale generally cull their catch because 
the planters will not pay 0} r ster prices for shells, the vessels owned 
or operated b} r planters when dredging on the public beds rarely do 
so. They are charged with carrying away everything which the 
dredge picks up, the shells being valuable for hardening the bottoms 
on their planting grounds and as cultch for catching a set of spat. 

That some vessels are guilty of such behavior is within the knowl- 
edge of the writer, and moreover the charge is supported by the con- 
dition of the beds. One of the most noteworthy of the facts disclosed 
by the tong examinations was the small quantity of shells found as 
compared with similar examinations of beds in other States. On 
the five important beds in the vicinity of the Ridge there are less 
than 2 per cent as many shells per square yard as are found on the 
seed beds of James River, Va., where culling is strictly enforced. In 
places the deep pavement of shells which must have existed formerly 
has been completely removed and the underlying mud now shows 
itself in patches in the midst of the beds. A hard-worked bed to be 
in a healthy condition should contain an abundance of shells. The 
ultimate result of the continuance of this state of affairs is not difficult 



NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 



27 



to foresee. Oysters can not set on the mud. They must have some 
hard, clean object to which to attach when they settle down from 
their infantile free-swimming habit, and on the beds the old shells 
and the oysters themselves offer the only possibilities. If there be 
few or no shells the recuperation of exhausted beds is correspondingly 
retarded. If both shells and oysters are persistently removed, the 
most productive bed eventually will be hopelessly depleted. 

PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS. 
TIDES AND CURRENTS. 

A staff tide gauge was established at the wharf at Mahon River 
Light-house and readings were taken hourly from 8 a. m. until 5 p. m. 
during the period of the survey. This does not furnish a very accurate 
plane of reference, but as the location of the gauge was central with 
respect to the more important beds it is sufficiently accurate for the 
purposes of this report. The average rise and fall of the tide between 
June 19 and July 10 was 5.4 feet, the minimum being 4.5 feet on July 
10 and the maximum 6.3 on July 2. 

No measurements of the velocity of currents were made, but in 
general it may be stated that they are strong throughout the region 
embraced in this report. 

SALINITY OF THE WATER. 

The salinity of the water exhibited a very considerable range 
within the limits covered by the survey. From June 18 to July 10 
observations were made three times daily at the anchorage of the 
Fish Hawk and several times each day on the oyster beds undergoing 
examination. Most of the observations on the Fish IlawJc were made 
at a point about 1 mile south of the east line and about 3 miles 
offshore, but others, fewer in number, were made near the southern 
limit of the planted beds, near the middle of the north and south 
extent of the public beds, and at the upper limit of oyster growth 
opposite Woodland Beach. 

The data obtained are shown in the following table: 

Salinity of Water Over Oyster Beds, June 18 to July 10. 



Locality. 



Opposite Woodland Beach 

Midway between Ship John and Elbow Light- 
house 

3J miles southeast by east of Mahon River 
Light 

6 miles east-northeast of Bowers Beach. .'. 



Number 
of obser- 
vations. 



Specific gravity of water corrected. 



Maximum. Minimum. Average. 



1.0074 
1.0121 



1.0149 
1.0178 



1.0032 
1.0100 



1.0103 
1.0158 



1.0057 
1.0107 



1.0136 
1.0164 



Average 
tempera- 
ture of 
water. 



28 NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 

At the upper limit of oyster growth the salinity of the water was 
low at a time when there had been comparatively little rainfall, and 
it is probable that it may become practically fresh at this point during 
periods of freshet. This is without much doubt the cause inhibiting 
the growth of oysters at places higher up the river. 

At the southern end of the planting grounds the salinity is com- 
paratively high and in consequence it is to be expected that the drill 
or borer would be destructive. On the more important of the public 
beds, those lying between the east line and the mouth of Leipsic 
Creek, the density is favorable for the welfare of the oysters. It 
probably never falls so low as seriously to threaten the beds, and, on 
the other hand, it is hardly high enough, excepting close to the east 
line, to favor an abundance of drills. 

ENEMIES OF THE OYSTER. 

It is stated that schools of drumfish occasionally appear on the 
oyster beds of Delaware Bay and cause much damage, but none were 
observed during the survey. This enemy of the oyster is usually 
more destructive on planted beds than on the public rocks, probably 
because the single-culled oysters on the former are easier to crush 
than are the clustered, sharp-edged specimens more common on the 
natural beds. The inroads of the drumfish are sporadic and unex- 
pected in most places, although on the coasts of some of the Southern 
States they are frequent enough to warrant the inclosure of the planted 
beds with wire fences. This appears to be the only really adequate 
protection, though if the presence of a school on the beds or in their 
vicinity is discovered in time it can often be driven from the neigh- 
borhood by the use of explosives. 

The principal enemy to the oyster on the Delaware beds is the drill 
or borer, a small marine snail which drills a hole through the oyster's 
shell and thus gains access to the contents, which it consumes. The 
perforation is made by actual drilling with a rasplike organ protruded 
from the mouth, and so far as is known no acid or other solvent is 
employed to soften the shell. The drill breeds during late spring and 
summer, laying its eggs in vase-shaped, leathery capsules attached 
in clusters to shells and other hard bodies on the bottom. These 
capsules, each containing several eggs, are readily recognizable, 
being about one-fourth inch long and usually yellow in color. 

In the few places examined on the planted beds there were con- 
siderable numbers of drills and many small oysters killed by them. 
On the public beds near the east line some drills and killed oysters 
were found, but over most of the area surveyed the salinity of the 
water is somewhat too low to permit these pests ever to become a 
serious factor. Below a salinity represented approximately by a 
mixture of equal parts of salt and fresh water, having a specific 
gravity of about 1.012 or 1.013, the drill will not thrive. 






NATURAL OYSTER BEDS OF DELAWARE. 29 

Although in the absence of other food the drill will attach and 
sometimes kill oysters of marketable size, it invariably attacks smaller 
ones by preference. Seed oysters 2 or 2| inches in diameter are com- 
paratively immune, and in places where the drills are particularly 
troublesome such seed should be planted in preference to smaller. 
Although such is not known to be the case in Delaware, there are 
localities in which it is useless to plant shells or other cultch, as the 
spat is drilled before its shell has lost its first paperlike thinness. 

The drill is a difficult enemy to combat. Where it is sufficiently 
abundant to be a menace on private beds the oysters are usually 
dredged up and the drills removed by hand and destroyed, after 
which the oysters are again laid down. Much can be done by destroy- 
ing the drills and their egg capsules wherever found. The common 
practice of some Delaware planters of depositing rough seed on their 
beds undoubtedly helps to maintain the abundance of the drill. 



V* * ° * 



r 



* 



i— < 




o 

o 



** it & ^ 



Fold-out 
Placeholder 



This fold-out is being digitized, and will be insei 

future date. 



i 






THE FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910 

By Millard C. Marsh 

Agent at the Salmon Fisheries of Alaska 
and 

John N. Cobb 

Assistant Agent 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No, 746 



CONTENTS. 



• Page. 

Summarized statistics 5 

Persons engaged 5 

Investment 6 

Products 7 

The salmon industry 11 

Hatcheries 11 

Statistics 12 

Catch 12 

Canning 15 

Canneries in operation 17 

Pickling 21 

Mild curing 23 

Fresh salmon 25 

Minor preserving processes 25 

Return of marked salmon 26 

Observations in Wood River region 27 

Count of breeding run in Wood River 28 

Significance of Wood River data 33 

Explorations of Lake Aleknagik 37 

The cod fishery 37 

Shore stations 38 

Statistics for centml Alaska 39 

Persons engaged 39 

Investment 39 

Products. 39 

Vessel fishing 40 

The halibut fishery 40 

Fishing grounds 40 

Methods and conditions 42 

Statistics 44 

Persons engaged in the southeast Alaska halibut fisheries 44 

Investment in the southeast Alaska halibut fisheries 44 

Products of the southeast Alaska halibut fisheries 45 

Puget Sound fishing fleet 45 

The herring fishery 45 

Abundance of fish 45 

Uses for food and bait 46 

The fertilizer question 47 

Statistics 50 

Persons engaged 50 

Investment 50 

Products 51 

Fertilizer and oils 51 

3 



4 CONTENTS. 

Page 

The crab fishery 51 

The whale fishery 52 

Furs 53 

Aquatic furs 54 

Beaver 54 

Muskrat 55 

Land otter 55 

Sea otter 55 

Fur seal . . .«. ". 56 

Miscellaneous aquatic mammals 58 

Hair seals 58 

Walruses 59 

License taxes and hatchery rebates 60 

Complaints and prosecutions 61 

Proposed legislation. . , 63 

Recommendations 65 

Appendix. — Fishery laws and regulations 67 

An act for the protection and regulation of the fisheries of Alaska (i7 

An act to prohibit aliens from fishing in the waters of Alaska 70 

Fishery regulations .- 71 

Regulations for protection of fur-bearing animals 71 



THE FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



By Millard C. Marsh, Agent at the Salmon Fisheries of Alaska, 
and 
John N. Cobb, Assistant Agent. 



SUMMARIZED STATISTICS OF THE FISHERIES. 

As in the similar reports for previous years, the District of Alaska 
is considered in the four geographic sections generally recognized, 
as follows: Southeast Alaska, embracing all that narrow strip of 
mainland and the numerous islands adjacent, from Portland Canal 
northwestward to and including Yakutat Bay; central Alaska, the 
region on the Pacific, or south side, from Yakutat Bay westward, 
including the Aleutian chain; western Alaska, the shores of Bering 
Sea and islands in this sea; and arctic Alaska, from Bering Strait to 
the Canadian border. 

With the exception of arctic Alaska and a portion of central and 
western Alaska, practically all of the fishing localities were visited 
by one or the other of the two agents engaged in the inspection work 
this year. Considerable commercial fishing is carried on in the Yukon 
River and its tributaries, where fish wheels, nets, and spears are 
employed, but unfortunately it has been found impossible so far, 
owing to the short time available for the agents each season, to extend 
the inspection work over this large area, or to secure data showing 
the extent of the fisheries there. Owing to the impossibility of the 
agents visiting arctic Alaska in the limited open season, the data for 
this section are incomplete, but what have been secured are shown. 

It has been found an impossibility to secure even approximate data 
as to the persons engaged or the investment in the hunting of aquatic 
animals (except fur seals and sea otters) , which is general among the 
natives. 

PERSONS ENGAGED. 

The number of persons engaged in the fisheries of Alaska in 1910 
was 15,620, an increase of 3,032 over 1909. Of these 6,836 were 
whites, 4,147 Indians, 2,411 Chinese, 2,206 Japanese, 4 Koreans, and 
59395°— 11 19 5 



6 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

16 Filipinos, as compared with 5,608 whites, 2,823 Indians, 1,998 
Chinese, and 2,159 Japanese, in 1909, showing an increase in 1910 
of 1,228 whites, 1,324 Indians, 413 Chinese, and 47 Japanese, The 
most gratifying feature is the large increase in the number of whites 
and Indians employed, as all of the Indians and many of the whites 
are permanent residents of the District. The fact that the fisher- 
men act as sailors on the transporting vessels to and from the salmon 
canneries and salteries explains the small number of transporters 
shown in the table as compared with the large number of transporting 
vessels. 

Persons Engaged in the Alaska Fisheries in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Western 
Alaska. 


Arctic 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishermen: 
Vessel- 
Whites 


402 

38 
4 


6 
48 






408 








86 








4 












Total 


444 


54 






498 










Shore- 
Whites 


1,149 

1,710 

10 

3 


737 
196 


1,589 

72 
9 




3,475 




438 


2,416 




19 








3 












Total 


2,872 


933 


1,670 


438 


5,913 








3,316 


987 


1,670 


438 


6,411 






Shoresmen: 

Whites 


731 

1,103 

705 

472 


396 
132 

468 

393 

4 


1,232 

331 

1,218 

1,323 


10 


2,369 




1,566 






2,391 






2,188 






4 


Filipinos 




16 




16 












Total 


3,011 


1,393 


4,120 


10 


8,534 






Transporters: 

Whites 


264 
69 


115 

10 

1 

3 


205 




5S4 






79 








1 




8 






11 










Total 


341 


129 


205 




675 








Grand total 


6,668 


2,509 


5,995 


448 


15, 620 







INVESTMENT. 

The total investment in the fisheries is $20,711,422, an increase of 
$10,829,740, as compared w r ith 1909. A considerable proportion of 
this increase is due to the showing of cash capital once more, this item 
having been eliminated for the first time in 1906. Nearly all forms 
of apparatus show increases as compared with 1909. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Investment in the Alaska Fisheries in 1910. 



Items. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Western 
Alaska. 


Arctic 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Num- 
ber. 


Value. 


Num- 
ber. 


Value. 


Num- 
ber. 


Value. 


Num- 
ber. 


Value. 


Num- 
ber. 


Value. 


Fishing vessels: 


71 

1,024 


$501, 100 














71 
i;024 


$501, 100 


















Outfit 


177,049 
3,800 














177,049 


Sailing 


3 
35 


2 

87 

28 
1,195 

13 
17, 395 

12 
570 
111 

21 


$4,000 










5 
122 


7,800 














Outfit 


875 
366, 850 


1,300 
252, 050 










2,175 


Transporting vessels: 
Steamers and launches. 


135 
1,378 


44 
2,662 

32 

41, 748 

7 

845 

130 

17 


$650, 950 






207 
5,235 


1,269,850 










Outfit 


210, 800 
180, 150 


77,900 
385, 500 


109, 600 
711,000 






398, 300 




20 
6,753 






Go 
65,896 


1,276,650 


Tonnage 






Outfit 


33, 200 

401,030 
59,648 
67, 1S3 
45, 197 

3,995 
22,080 


22,000 

26,225 
33,880 
58,300 
46,300 


48,000 

18,200 
186, 840 
107, 529 

38, 300 






103,200 


Steamers and launches 
(under 5 tons) 


240 

1,090 

142 

22 

10 






259 

2,587 

383 

60 

M0 


a 1 445, 455 


Boats, sail and row 

Scows and lighters 


82 


$13, 300 


293, 668 

233,012 


Pile drivers 






129, 797 


Apparatus, vessel fish- 
eries: 
Purse seines 






3,995 
22 080 


Lines, trawl 














Shotguns 




48 


476 










48 




Whaling gear 




1,015 

9,797 

43, 079 

58, 659 

123 

521 

15, 870 

109, 550 

22, 728 

1,082 

115 

10 

1,200 










1,015 
31 082 


Apparatus, shore fish- 
eries: 


48 
152 
416 

13 


56 


21,285 










cl04 

d 152 

<1,451 

31 


Purse seines 










43,079 
166 636 


Gill nets 


132 
18 


17,295 

9 

1,245 


903 


90, 682 












132 


Lines, hand 










1 766 
















15 870 




41 
13 

366 
120 
14 
40 


38 
1 


51, 162 
1,500 


14 


19,500 






93 
14 
366 
120 
19 
40 


180 212 


Traps, floating 






24 228 


Crab pots 












Spears 














115 


Hoes 


5 


4 






















1 200 














18, 450 
10, 000 

4,500 




Cash capital 




3, 544, 333 
2,376,584 




1,593,444 
1, 346, 405 




3.456,660 




8, 604, 437 
6,757,497 


Shore and accessory prop- 
erty 






3.030.008 






Total 




8,257,623 




3,940,280 




8,485,706 




46, 250 




20,711,422 









a Includes outfit. 

& Aggregate length of 3,280 yards. 

d Aggregate length of 36,190 yards. 



<* Aggregate length of 59,030 yards, 
e Aggregate length of 412.176 yards. 



PRODUCTS. 

The total quantity of products was 214,536,433 pounds, valued at 
$13,259,859, an increase of 12,553,195 pounds and $2,078,471 over 
1909. Except for salmon bellies and backs, fertilizer, oil, furs, and 
hides, the weights are round weights, or the weights of products when 
first taken from the water; for weights of prepared products the 
reader is referred to the subsidiary tables of the report. As the pack- 
ing establishments almost invariably catch their own fish, it has been 
found practically impossible to show the value of the products as 
they leave the fishermen's hands, hence the values shown are for the 
prepared products. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Products of Alaska Fisheries irt 1910. 



Products. 


Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


Western Alaska. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Black cod: 


13,800 
10,172 
72,673 

6,000 


$572 

326 

1,934 

300 




















Pickled 










Cod: 


16,000 

125,866 

2,877,157 

3,600 


$560 

3,320 

59,433 

130 






Pickled 


























Eulachon: 


2,600 

40,000 

600 

5,000 

19,038,001 

2,467,125 

73,893 

270 

574,359 
522,500 

731,500 
45,600 
1,000 


104 

1,200 

36 

150 

731,914 

73,548 

2,534 

14 

5,203 

5,225 

12,255 

954 

100 






Pickled 






























Halibut,: 


51,000 


2,040 












Fletched 










Pickled 










Herring: 


10,000 


300 












Pickled 


60,480 


1,728 






















Pollock 


1,800 
8,000 

11.000 


90 
400 

440 








19,100 

22,000 
160 

52, 588 

24, 000 

977,348 

77, 577 

97,529 

17,337 
38, 576 

5,841,990 

16,221,450 

34,382,285 

24, 360 

18, 247, 740 

3,824,900 

9,450 

84,780 


960 

1,080 
7 

2,419 
300 

45,770 
4,378 

3,889 

695 

1,235 

404,907 
703,555 

1,565,358 
1,998 

1,466,918 

218, 441 

296 

1,905 






Rock cod: 






Pickled 






Salmon: 
Fresh — 

Coho, or silver 


7,500 


225 






Humpback, or pink 


















28, 000 


840 






Frozen- 


























Canned— 

Coho, or silver 


1,394,900 

9,170 

2, 225, 790 

1,105,020 

25,541,250 

35,650 

33,750 
3,510 


99, 103 

403 

101,380 

85, 235 

1,959,539 

2,232 

1,208 
78 


814, 870 
1,664,640 

2, 194, 300 

1,686,090 

57, 729, 700 


$55,656 


Png, or chnm ..... . 


69, 451 


Humpback, or pink 


97,317 
127, 569 




4, 347, 933 


Mild-cured- 




Pickled— 






Humpback, or pink 
King, or spring 


810 
95, 040 


15 

3,399 


King, or spring, fins 


400 
540 


24 
20 








Red, or sockeye 


400,950 


12, 278 


2,819,880 
800 


92, 351 


Redlorsockektips.... 


60 


Dry-salted — 






10,000 


290 






29, 570 
9,600 

21,800 


554 
288 

278 
















Humpback, or pink, 


1,500 
17,000 

2,000 


25 

410 

200 












Smoked — 

Coho, or silver, backs 












440 
100 


60 
5 






Humpback, or pink, 












16,058 
25,200 


1,608 
1,135 






Salmon bellies, pickled: 












14,000 

84, 200 

1,200 

600 

4,085 

800 


770 

4,410 

128 

24 
205 

32 








39,000 


1,725 














161,000 


10, 815 






Smelt 

















FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Products op Alaska Fisheries in 1910 — Continued. 





Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


Western Alaska. 


Products. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Trout: 


1,000 
50,000 


S50 

2,000 










Dolly Varden, or salmon 
trout- 


15,000 
13,510 


$750 
618 












Pickled 


1,000 
7,100 

3,800 
19,215 

2,617,000 
869, 141 

2,077,500 

165 

2,744,480 

70 

6,880 

116,904 

2,000 

368 


50 

284 

168 
1,153 

40,000 
16, 456 

55,000 

10 

117,270 

30 

430 

4,902 

300 

1,922 
















Steelhead — 




















Fertilizer: 










Whale .. 










Oil: 










Shark. 










Whale 






















3,200 
32,000 


120 
2,400 


















Aquatic furs and skins: 


608 

11 

560 

1,117 

120 

3 


2,763 
59 
917 

4,493 

5,900 

5 


1,026 

52 

25,834 

2,302 

20 

6 

85,476 
242 
871 


$5,883 




160 




i,592 

1,232 
15 


5,086 

5,213 
600 


69,245 


Otter- 


8,843 


Sea 


670 




32 


Seal- 
Fur. 


828 


4,207 


468,042 








12 


Hair .. 


2,790 
80 

400,000 
395,000 
114,711 
55,025 


796 
85 

4,500 
4,789 
5,249 
4,805 






150 










Whale products: 


















































Total 


113,223,554 


5,542,633 


34,288,340 


2,365,195 


67,022,019 


5,346,788 









Arctic Alaska. 


Total. 


Products. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Black cod: 






13, 800 
10, 172 
72,673 

22,000 

125,866 

2,877,157 

3,600 

2,600 

40,000 

600 

5,000 

19,089,001 

2,467,125 

73, 893 

270 

5S4, 359 
522, 500 
792,040 
45,600 
1.000 
1,800 
27,»00 


$572 








326 








1,934 


Cod: 






860 








3,320 








59, 433 








130 


Eulachon: 






104 








1,200 








36 








150 


Halibut: 






733,954 








73, 548 








2,534 








14 


Herring: 






5,503 








5,225 








13,983 








954 








100 








90 








1,360 



10 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Products op Alaska Fisheries in 1910 — Continued. 



Products. 



Arctic Alaska. 



Pounds. Value 



Total. 



Pounds. 



Rock cod: 

Fresh 

Pickled 

Salmon: 
Fresh — 

Coho, or silver 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, orsockeye 

Frozen— 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

King, or spring 

Canned — 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 

Mild-cured- 
King, or spring 

Pickled— 

Coho, or silver 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

King, or spring, fins 

Red, or sockeye 

Red, or sockeye, tips 

Dry-salted— 

Coho, or silver, backs 

Dog, or chum 

King, or spring 

Humpback, or pink, backs. 

Red, or sockeye, backs 

Smoked— 

Coho, or silver, backs 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink, backs. 

Red, or sockeye, backs 

Salmon bellies, pickled: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 

Smelt 

Tomcod 

Trout: 

Cutthroat 

Dolly Varden, or salmon trout- 
Fresh 

Canned 

Pickled 

Rainbow 

Steelhead — 

Fresh 

Frozen 

Fertilizer: 

Herring 

Whale 

Oil: 

Herring 

Shark 

Whale 

Abalone shells 

Clams 

Crabs 

Seaweed 

Aquatic furs and skins: 

Beaver 

Castoreum 

Muskrat 



a Represents 277,000 gallons. 
t> Represents 22 gallons. 
c Represents 369,930 gallons. 
d Represents 1 ,200 bushels. 
i Represents 70,452 crabs. 
/ Represents 2,002 skins. 
o Represesnt 2:73,803 skins. 



33,000 
160 



60,088 
24, 000 
977,3-18 
105, 577 

97,529 
17, 337 
38, 576 

8,051,820 
17,795,100 

38, 802, 135 

2,815,470 
101,518,690 

3,860,550 

43, 200 

89, 100 

95,040 

400 

3,221,370 



10,000 
29, 570 
9,600 
23, 300 
17,000 

2,000 

4!0 

100 

16,058 

25,200 

14,000 

123, 200 

1,200 

161,600 

4,085 

800 

1,000 

65,000 

13,510 

1,000 

7,100 

3,800 
19,215 

2,617,000 
869, 141 

o2,077,500 
6165 

c 2, 744, 480 

70 

<U0,080 

e 148, 904 

2,000 

/2,002 
63 

27,986 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Products op Alaska Fisheries in 1910 — Continued. 



11 



Products. 


Arctic Alaska. 


Total. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Pounds. 


Value. 


Aquatic furs and skins— Continued. 
Otter- 






a 4, 651 

6155 

o9 

d 86, 304 

t 242 

/ 3, 661 

266 

400,000 
395,000 
114,711 
57,359 


$18, 549 


Sea 






Sea, pups 








Seal- 
Fur 






472,249 
12 


Fur, unborn 






Hair 






946 
271 

4,500 
4,789 
5,249 
9,862 


Walrus ivory 


186 


$186 


Whale products: 

Bones, unground 


Bones, ground 












Whalebone, or baleen 


2,334 


5,057 




Total 


2,520 


5,243 


214, 536, 433 


13,259,859 





a Represents 1 ,861 skins. 

6 Represents 31 skins. 

e Represents 3 skins. 

«J Represents 14,384 skins (of these, 660 skins were from a seized Japanese schooner). 

t Represents 121 skins (these were from a seized Japanese schooner). 

/ Represents 1,221 skins. 

THE SALMON INDUSTRY. 

The run of salmon was very good in all sections except western 
Alaska. For a time the outlook was bad in southeast Alaska owing to 
the excessive rains which prevailed during the first half of the season, 
causing the salmon to rush up the streams, but an exceptionally dry 
spell lasting six weeks followed, which made the streams quite low and 
kept the fish from going up too rapidly. As a result the fisherman 
were enabled to make large catches during this period. 

HATCHERIES. 

Seven salmon hatcheries were operated during the season of 1909-10, 
as follows: 

Salmon Hatcheries Operated in 1910. 



Name. , 


Location. 


Owner and operator. 












Do. 












Do. 






North Pacific Trading and Packing Co., and 
North Alaska Salmon Co. 


Hetta 


Hetta Lake 






Do. 









The Alaska Packers Association reports as follows on a subject of 
interest to fish culturists: 

We have been quite successful in retaining the fry in our nursery ponds [at Fort- 
mann hatchery] for a definite period and feeding them on fresh steelheads macerated 



12 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



to a pulp. In two ponds containing about 10,000,000 fry, from 30 to 40 pounds of this 
food was fed each day, and they appeared to thrive wonderfully well upon it, as 
scarcely any dead fry were found. 

The rainfall was 160.80 inches and the snowfall 289 inches for the 
year ended June 30, 1910, at Fortmann hatchery; which record will 
give a slight idea of the weather conditions with which the super- 
intendents of hatcheries in Alaska have to contend. Despite the 
adverse weather conditions, however, all of the hatcheries except 
Fortmann and Afognak operated at full capacity, and taken as a 
whole the season was a fairly successful one. 

The Klawak Lake hatchery of the North Pacific Trading & Packing 
Co. was enlarged the present summer so that it is now able to handle 
10,000,000 eggs. 

At the dam on the stream leading to Capt. John C. Callbreath's 
hatchery on McHenry Inlet a man has been stationed each year since 
the hatchery was shut down, for the purpose of lifting the salmon over 
the structure. In 1908, 1,022 males and 876 females were put over, 
and in 1909, 516 males and 434 females. 

Output of the Salmon Hatcheries of Alaska. 





Year ended June 30, 1910. a 


Eggs taken 1910-11. 


Hatcheries. 


Red, or 


sockeye. 


Humpback, or pink. 


Red, or 
sockeye. 


Hump- 




Eggs taken. 


Fry liber- 
ated. 


Eggs 
taken. 


Fry lib- 
erated. 


back, or 
pink. 




672,005,000 
76,020,000 
53,340,000 
45,228,000 

( c ) 
10,313,000 
10,863,000 


69, 879, 600 
68,422,170 
50,725,000 
40,620,000 
5,300,000 
9,000,000 
9,850,000 






72,000,000 
30,725,000 

34,920,000 

49,626.000 

(<0 

9,141,000 
11,200,000 


114, 000 




499,400 


363,740 


405,000 




















Hetta 
























Total 




253, 796, 770 


499, 400 


363,740 


9,141,000 


519,000 









a In three instances fry were held until July, 1910, and in order to make the record for the season complete 
these have been included. 
b Of these, 5,000 were reported as coho eggs. 
e No report. 

STATISTICS. 

catch in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910. 

Following is a table showing, for the geographic sections, by appara- 
tus and species and by species alone, the number of salmon caught in 
the years 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910. All species, except red salmon, 
show increases over 1909. The total catch in 1910 is smaller than in 
any of the other years shown. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



13 



Catch of Salmon in Alaska in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910, by Sections, 

Species, and Apparatus. 



Apparatus and species. 



SOUTHEAST ALASKA. 

Seines: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Traps: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Gill nets: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Lines: 

Coho, or silver.. 
King, or spring. 



Total. 



Spears: 

Red, or sockeye. 

Wheels: 

King, or spring. 



Total: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Grand total . 



CENTRAL ALASKA. 

Seines: 

Coho, or silver 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Traps: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



GUI nets: 

Coho, or silver.. 
King, or spring. 
Red, or sockeye. 



Total. 



Total: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Grand total. 



302,963 

1,101, §22 

8, 614, 551 

259 

1,419,221 



11,438,816 



139,783 
158, 170 

3,4:;s,;;::5 
26,835 
615,684 



1908 



273,993 
378,339 
900, 407 
1,812 
691,149 



12, 245, 700 



119,034 

368, 709 

5,102,843 

3,448 
486, 646 



4,378,807 I 6,080, 6S0 



83,943 
74,298 
18, 029 
70,388 

214.442 



401,100 



1,052 
23,082 



84, 176 
56, 431 
59,582 
64, 148 
378, 834 



643, 171 



1,329 
61,633 



24, 134 



20,000 



527.741 
1,334,290 
12,070,915 

120, 564 
2, 269, 347 



16,322,857 



62,962 



4,000 



1909 



165, 177 
387,774 

5,572,005 
293 

1,285,205 



7,410,514 



112,213 

337,395 

3, 628, 940 

' 5, 107 

893,816 



4,977,471 



78,845 

9,041 

127,422 

0,s, 659 
478, 398 



762, 365 



8,000 
134,000 



142, 606 



45, 400 



478, 532 
, 1,803,479 
14,062,892 

131,008 
2,560,629 



19,036,600 



48,759 

252,373 

4,015 

3,568,069 



Total 3,873,216 



163,076 



6,420 

36,791 

2,711,142 



2,917,429 



15,000 

27.022 

358, 649 



60,847 

268, 466 

3,028 

2,709,750 



3,042,091 



90,616 



375,140 

17,216 

2,285,401 



364,235 
7: : !4.'210 

9, 328, 367 
208, 665 

2,702,879 



13,338,356 



52, 258 

127,549 

3,907 

2,038,833 



2, 222, 547 



89,918 



3,740 

44.632 

2, 152, 555 



2,708,373 | 2,290,845 



18,351 
512,404 



530, 815 



226,835 



258,793 

67,828 

6,637,860 



7,191.316 



151,463 



643,606 
38, 595 

5,507,615 



6,341,279 



18.059 
487,984 



500,043 



142, 176 



131,289 

66,598 

4,679,372 



1910 



322,521 

1, 566, 221 

6,228,732 

152 

1,481,898 



9, 599, 522 



165,023 
437,726 

3,151,684 

2,546 

860, 737 



4,617,716 



164,990 
28,802 
32,357 
51,067 

574, 251 



852,007 



6,000 
204,823 



210, 823 



70,000 



658, 534 
2,032,749 
9,412,773 

259, 188 
2,986,886 



15,350,130 



64, 202 

375,041 

1,598 

2,227,803 



2,668,644 



115,922 

1,318 

273.023 

34,007 

2,095,563 



2,519,833 



18, 826 

15,995 

298,915 



198, 950 

1,318 

648, 064 

51,000 

4,622,281 



5,019,435 5,522,213 



14 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Catch of Salmon in Alaska in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910, by Sections, 
Species, and Apparatus — Continued. 



Apparatus and species. 



1907 



1908 



1909 



1910 



WESTERN ALASKA. 

Traps: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Gill nets: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Total: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Grand total . 



Seines: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total. 



Traps: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red , or sockeye 



Total. 



Gill nets: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Total . 



Lines: 

Coho, or silver.. 
King, or spring. 



Total. 



Spears: 

Red, or sockeye. 

Wheels: 

King, or spring. 



Total: 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 



Grand total. 



29, 199 

36, 141 

1,500 

5,011 

1,078,809 



20,000 
114, 534 
261, 519 
4,856 
860,516 



9,930 

101,456 

15 

3,096 
508,011 



1,150,720 



1,261,425 



622, 508 



109,650 
472.586 
337,514 
134, 391 
9,181,034 



340,309 
138, 138 

87, 174 
16,013,966 



71,393 
346,340 

31,811 

128,893 

15,133,872 



10,235,175 



16, 665, 075 



15,712,309 



138,849 
508,727 

339 ii14 

139,402 

10,259 903 



106,088 
454.843 
399„657 
92,030 

16,874,482 



81,323 
447,796 
31,826 
131,989 
15,641,883 



11,385,S95 



17,927,100 



16,334,817 



351,722 
1,101,822 

8,806,924 
4,274 

4,987.290 



334,840 
1,378.339 
9, 168, 933, 

4.X40 
4,400,899 



217.435 
387,774 

5,699.554 
4, 200 

3,324,098 



15.312,032 



15.287,851 



9,633,061 



332, 058 

194,311 

3,446,255 

68 637 

4, 405, 095 



229,050 
483.243 

5,739.502 

25, 520 

3,632,563 



212,061 
438, 851 

3,032.095 

52. S35 

3,584,382 



8,446,956 



10,110,478 



7,920,824 



208, 593 
546,884 

355, 543 

231, S01 

9,754,125 



170,264 
396, 740 
197,720 
169,673 
16,905,264 



jo 
-o 



150.238 
355. 381 
159.233 
2 15. 0U 
16,070,254 



11,096,946 



17,839,661 16,950,717 



1.052 
23,082 



1,329 
61,633 



24, 134 



62, 962 



8,000 
134,606 



142, 606 



20,000 



4,000 



893. 425 
1.843,017 
12,668.722 

327.794 
19,107,110 



736, 083 
2,258,322 
15,106,155 

261.693 
24,942,726 



34,900,068 



43,304,979 



587,734 
1.182,006 
9,491,482 

407,252 
23,024.134 



34.692,008 



6,340 
58,039 
513,072 

4,382 
326,833 



908, 666 



132,860 
252, 179 
149,057 

97.373 
11,206,776 



11,898,245 



139,200 
310.218 
062. 129 
101.755 
11,593.609 



12,806,911 



386,723 

1,566,221 

6,603,773 

1.750 

3,709,701 



12, 268, 168 



287.285 
497.083 

3,937.779 
40.935 

3,283,133 



8.046,215 



316,676 
280,981 
181.414 
165,035 
12,139,942 



13,084,048 



6,000 
204, 823 



210, 823 



996, 084 
2,344.285 

10,722.900 

412.543 

19.202.776 



33.679,25-' 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



15 



Number and Gross Weight op Each Species op Salmon Caught in 1907, 1908, 

1909, and 1910. 



Species. 



1907 



1908 



Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 

Total 

Species 

Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink 

King, or spring 

Red, or sockeye 

Total 



Number. 

893, 425 

1,843,017 

12,668,722 

327, 794 

19, 167, 110 



34,900,068 173,826,592 



Pounds. 

5, 360, 550 
14,744,136 
50,674,888 

7,211,468 
95,835,550 



Number. 
736, 083 
2,258,322 
15, 106, 155 
261,693 
24, 942, 726 



Pounds. 

4, 416, 498 
18,066,576 
60,424,620 

5, 757, 246 
124,713,630 



43, 304, 979 213, 378, 570 



1909 



1910 



Number. 

587, 734 
1,182,006 
9,491,482 

407,252 
23, 024, 134 



Pounds. 
3, 626, 404 

9, 450. 048 

37, 965, 928 

8, 959, 544 

115,120,670 



Number. 

996, 684 

2,344,285 

10,722,966 

412,543 

19, 202, 776 



34,692,608 175,028,594 



Pounds. 

5,980,104 
18,754,280 
42,891,864 

9, 075, 946 
96,013,880 



33,679,254 172,716,074 



CANNING. 

When the season of 1909 opened, all grades of salmon, except 
pinks and chums, were commanding remunerative prices. The 
prices of these two grades began to crumble in 1908 and kept on 
dropping through 1909, until finally they reached bottom at S2.40 
per case for pinks (a drop of $1.05 per case from the 1907 prices) 
and $2.28 per case for chums (a drop of 96 cents per case from the 
1907 prices). The demand for pink and chum salmon began to 
fall off in 1907, despite which the packers kept on piling up stock 
during the next two years, with the result that they became a drug 
on the market, and for a time it was difficult to move them, even 
at the above unremunerative prices. Late in 1909 the demand 
began to improve, and when the season of 1910 opened but few 
pinks and chums were left in first hands. 

Early in the season rumors began to circulate that prices on all 
grades would be advanced, and the buyers, who had been content 
to buy only for immediate necessities as long as prices seemed to 
be crumbling, now came into the market with orders for large stocks. 
As a result, the packers soon were obliged to prorate the orders, 
as the pack did not begin to equal the demand. The expected high 
prices were realized, and before the pack had come out of Alaska it 
was all sold at the most remunerative figures realized by the packers 
in years. 

In 1909, owing to the expected quadrennial heavy run of sockeye 
salmon on Puget Sound, the canneries of Gorman & Co., at Kasaan, 
of the Astoria & Puget Sound Packing Co., in Excursion Inlet, and 
of the Fidalgo Island Packing Co., at Ketchikan, all in southeast 



16 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

Alaska, were shut down, as these companies felt it would be more 
profitable to devote all their energies to their Puget Sound plants. 
In 1910 all were operated. In addition new canneries were opened 
by the St. Elias Packing Co., at Alsek, in southeast Alaska, by the 
Northwestern Fisheries Co., at Kenai, on Cook Inlet (succeeding the 
mild-curing plant formerly operated by the San Juan Fishing & 
Packing Co.), and by the Columbia River Packers Association, at 
Chignik, in central Alaska. The cannery of the Alaska Salmon 
Co., on Wood River, western Alaska, which was closed down in 
1909, owing to the loss of its supply ship, was operated this year. 

New canneries which will likely be finished in time to operate in 
1911 are the Hawk Fishing Co., at Hawk Inlet, Tee Harbor Pack- 
ing Company, at Tee Harbor, southeast Alaska, and the Alaska Pack- 
ers Association, at Naknek, western Alaska. For some years the 
Alaska Packers Association has operated two canneries at Karluk, 
on Kodiak Island. Karluk has no harbor, except for boats draw- 
ing less than 4 feet of water, and the association, fearing a repeti- 
tion of the disaster of 1907, when the bark Servia, with a full cargo 
of salmon, was driven ashore in a gale and totally destroyed, began 
in 1909 the erection of a new cannery at Larsen Bay, a well- 
sheltered spot near by. This establishment will operate in 1911, the 
two Karluk canneries being held in reserve. Fishing will be car- 
ried on as usual at Karluk, the fish being transported to the new 
cannery. C. A. Burckhardt & Co., who now operate two canneries 
in southeast Alaska, have bought the saltery formerly owned by 
Mrs. A. E. King, at Sunny Point, southeast Alaska, and will convert 
this into a one-line cannery. The Alaska Fishermen's Packing Co. 
have purchased the Nelson, Olsen & Co. saltery in Kvichak Bay, 
western Alaska, and will replace the old plant by a one-line cannery. 
Several canneries are also engaged in making, or are contemplating, 
extensive changes to and enlargements of their present plants. 

On August 10 the cannery of the Alaska-Portland Packers' Asso- 
ciation, at Snag Point, Nushagak Bay, was completely destroyed by 
fire. The warehouse alongside, with much of the gill-netting and 
all of the trap web, together with part of the season's pack, was also 
consumed. The bunk houses, store, office, and residence, and the 
floating property, were saved. The property loss was about $200,000, 
partly covered by insurance. The company will rebuild next spring 
and hopes to have the cannery completed in time to operate that 
season. 

On the night of September 12 fire broke out in the cannery of 
Gorman & Co., at Kasaan, in southeast Alaska, and resulted in the 
total destruction of the cannery, warehouse, store, hotel, and part of 
the season's pack. The company will erect a new cannery in time to 
operate next season. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



17 



Several canneries packed some thousands of cases of salmon in 
the new seamless, or sanitary can with such success that it is probably 
a question of but a few seasons until this will be the only form of 
can in use in Alaska. 

The two cannery fires resulted in the loss of the following cases of 
salmon : 

Cases. 

Cohos, 1-pound tall J. 552 

Chums, 1-pound tall 4, 896 

Pinks, £-pound flat 141 

Pinks, 1-pound tall 11, 956 

Reds, 1-pound tall ' 22, 178 

Total , 40,723 

These have been included in the statistical tables, as they had 
passed through all the stages of packing and were eventually paid for 
by the insurance companies. 

CANNERIES IN OPERATION. 

Following is a list of the canneries operated during the season of 
1910: 



Name. 


Location. 


Southeast Alaska: 






Sitkoh Bay. 










Do. 




Dundas Bay, Quadra Bay, Santa Ana, 
Hunter Bay. 






Ketchikan. 










F. C. Barnes Oo. (Inc.) 




Thlinket Packing Co 






Loring and WrangelL 






Pillar Bay Packing Co * 


Point Ellis. 












Chilkoot Inlet. 


Central Alaska: 


Ohicnik,Uyak, Kenai. and Orca. 




Kasilof,Karluk(2),Alitak,andChignik. 






Western Alaska: 


Nushagak Bay (2), Kvichak Bay (2), 




Naknek River (2), and Ugaguk 
River. 
Kvichak Bay, Nushagak Bay, Ugaguk 
River, and Lockanok. 














Nushagak Bay. 








Nushagak Bay. 
Do. 













18 



FISHEKIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Persons engaged. — The fishermen engaged this year numbered 3,722, 
of whom slightly more than one-half were white. The cannery 
employees numbered 8,194, of whom all nationalities show increases 
as compared with 1909. The transporters numbered 515, an increase 
over 1909. All branches of the industry show increases as com- 
pared with 1909. In all, 12,431 persons were employed, an increase 
of 1,909 over 1909. 

Persons Engaged in the Salmon-Canning Industry in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Western 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishermen: 

Whites 


444 

1,153 

10 


485 

SO 


1,641 


2,470 




1,233 




9 


19 








Total 


1,607 


565 


1,550 


3,722 






Shoresmen: 


529 

1,060 

705 

472 


359 
121 
467 
393 

4 


1,203 

326 

1,216 

1,323 


2,091 




1,507 




2,388 




2,188 




4 


Filipinos 




16 


16 






1.344 




Total 


2,766 


4,084 


8,194 






Transporters: 

Whites 


184 
23 


111 
2 
1 

3 


189 


484 




25 






1 




2 




5 








Total 


209 


117 


189 


515 






Grand total: 

Whites 


1,157 

2,236 

705 

484 


955 

203 

468 

396 

4 


2,933 

326 

1,216 

1,332 


5,045 




2, 765 




2,389 




2,212 




4 






16 


16 










Total 


4,582 


2,026 


5,823 


12,431 







Investments, wages, etc.— There were 52 canneries in operation — 
23 in southeast Alaska, an increase of 4 over 1909; 10 in central Alaska, 
an increase of 2 over 1909; and 19 in western Alaska, an increase of 1 
over 1909; a total increase for all Alaska of 7. 

There were 176 steamers and launches over 5 tons, 55 under 5 
tons, and 59 sailing vessels engaged in transporting supplies and the 
pack, and doing general work for the canneries. This is a large 
increase over 1909. 

All forms of apparatus except floating traps show increases over 
1909. The increases are especially noticeable in purse seines and 
stake traps, which increased in number 43 and 27 respectively. 

Included in this table for the first time are the items of cash capital, 
materials used, and wages paid. Considerable misapprehension 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



19 






seems to have arisen among readers of this report as to the profits of 
the cannerymen, which have appeared to them enormous. Such 
an erroneous conclusion is apparently based on the assumption that 
the price received for the canned product represents practically net 
profits. For eight years prior to the 1910 season but few of the 
cannerymen received an adequate return upon the capital invested, 
while many of them sustained heavy losses during certain years. 
It has been found difficult to secure accurate data showing the cost 
of operation, and several items, such as insurance, taxes outside of 
Alaska, commissions paid the brokers, etc., have not been taken into 
account, but it is hoped in time to include these. 



Investment in the Salmon-Canning Industry in 1910. 



Items. 



Southeast Alaska. 



Central Alaska. 



Western Alaska. 



Total. 



Canneries 

Transporting vessels: 

Steamers and launches 

over 5 tons 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Sailing 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Steamers and launches 

under 5 tons 

Boats, sail and row 

Lighters and scows 

Pile drivers 

Apparatus: 

Haul seines 

Purse seines 

Gill nets 

Traps, stake 

Traps, floating 

Spears 

Cash on hand 

Shore and accessory prop- 
erty 

Materials used 

Wages paid 



Number. 
23 



110 
1,186 



Total. 



16 
6,332 



39 
541 
108 

22 

45 
133 
271 
41 
13 
75 



Value. 



$310, 450 



175, 000 
160, 250 



30, 000 

86,300 
36, 163 
46, 9S3 
45, 197 

9,372 
38,784 
31,134 
109, 550 
22, 728 
75 
230, 000 

2,016,144 
1,964, 493 
1,100,678 



Number. 
10 



24 
1,077 



11 
17, 160 



10 
263 
108 

21 

24 



127 

38 

1 



Value. 



$212,050 



Number. 
19 



42 

2,507 



72, 000 
348, 000 



20, 000 

24, 025 
23, 990 
57,800 
46, 300 

18, 100 



32 
41,748 



6 

822 
130 
17 



16, 545 

51, 162 

1,500 



880 
14 



100,000 

1,291,405 
778, 531 
638,886 



6,413,301 3,700,294 8,227,154 18,340,749 



Value. 



$605, 950 



104,000 
711,000 



48,000 

13,700 
178, 146 
107,529 

38,300 



88, 957 
19, 500 



190, 000 

2,913,008 
1,6411,775 
1,562,295 



Number. 
52 



176 
4,770 



59 
65, 240 



55 

1,626 

346 

60 

69 
133 
1,278 
93 
14 
75 



Value. 



$1,128,450 



351,000 
1,219,250 



98,000 

124,025 
238, 293 
212, 312 
129,797 

27,472 
38,784 
136,636 
180,212 
24,228 
75 
520,000 

6,220,557 
4,389,799 
3,301,859 



Output. — The table of products shows the quantity and value of 
each species packed, with size and style of cans. As usual, western 
Alaska leads in value of the pack, but southeast Alaska leads in 
quantity packed. Red, or sockeye, salmon predominate in central 
and western Alaska, while humpback, or pink, salmon predominate 
in southeast Alaska. 



20 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

Output of Salmon from the Canneries in 1910, by Species and Size of Cans." 



Products. 


Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


Western Alaska. 


Total. 


Coho, or silver: 


Cases. 
326 

2,249 
80,045 


Value. 

$1,299 

12,357 

391,251 


Cases. 


Value. 


Coses. 


Value. 


Cases. 
326 
2,249 
111,614 


Value. 
$1,299 












12, 357 




19, 928 


$99, i03 


11,641 


$55, 656 


546, 010 






Total 


82, 620 


404, 907 


19, 928 


99, 103 


11,641 


55, 656 


114,189 


559, 666 






Dog, or chum: 


231,735 


703, 555 


131 


403 


22,352 


69, 451 


254, 218 


773, 409 






Humpback, or pink: 


6,375 

7,900 

480,088 


15, 871 

35,550 

1,513,937 










6,375 

7,900 
543, 233 


15, 871 












35, 550 




31,797 


101,380 


31,348 


97, 317 


1,712,634 






Total 


494,363 


1,565,358 


31,797 


101,380 


31,348 


97,317 


557,508 


1,764,055 






King, or spring: 


108 
294 


432 
1,566 










108 
40, 167 


432 




15, 786 


85, 235 


24, 087 


127,569 


214, 370 






Total 


402 


1,998 


15, 786 


85,235 


24, 087 


127, 569 


40, 275 


214,802 






Red, or sockeye: 


43,166 
39, 941 
199, 158 


170,489 
236, 453 

1,059,976 






1,474 


5,896 


44,640 
39, 941 

1,388,006 


176,385 








236, 453 




364, 875 


1,959,539 


823,973 


4,342,037 


7,361,552 






Total 


282, 265 


1,466,918 


304,875 


1,959,539 


825,447 4.347.933 


1,472,587 


7,774,390 










Grand total 


1,091,385 


4, 142, 736 


432, 517 


2,245,660 


914,875 


4,697,926 


2, 438, 777 


11,086,322 



o All pound cases contain 48 1-pound cans; the J-pound cases contain 48 J-pound cans. Reduced to a 
common basis of cases containing 48 1-pound cans, the pack is 2,413,052J cases. 

Comparison of pack of 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910.-*-Wit\i the excep- 
tion of 1908, the pack of 1910 exceeds in quantity that of any of the 
four years, and it exceeds in value any of them, being the most 
valuable pack ever put up in Alaska. 

Comparison of the Output of the Salmon Canneries in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 

1910.o 



Products. 


1907 


1908 


1909 


1910 


Coho, or silver: 

J-pound flat 

1-pound flat 

1-pound tall 


Cases. 
969 
3,933 
80, 772 


Value. 

$4, 273 

17,292 

315.819 


Coses. 
209 
2,414 
66,309 


Value. 
$627 
9,903 
263,559 


Cases. 


Value. 


Cases. 
326 
2,249 
111,614 


Value. 
$1,299 


1,206 
55,350 


$5, 543 
225,486 


12, 357 
546,010 


Total 


85, 674 


337,384 


68,932 


274, 089 


56, 556 


231,029 


114,189 


559, 666 




Dog, or chum: 

J-pound flat 

1-pound flat 


491 

664 

183,202 


1,228 

2,125 

544, 404 














107 
218, 406 


321 
553,876 










1-pound tall 


120,712 


274,110 


254, 218 


773,409 


Total 


184,417 


547, 757 


218,513 


554, 197 


120, 712 


274,110 


254,218 


773, 409 






Humpback, or pink: 

J-pound flat 

1-pound flat 

1-pound tall 


17,589 

7,406 

545, 772 


46, 093 

26, 662 

1,726,525 










6,375 

7,900 

543, 233 


15,871 
35,550 


569 
643, 564 


1,590 
1,731,789 






464, 873 


1,114,839 


1,712,634 


Total 


570, 767 


1,799,280 


644,133 


1,733,379 


464,873 


1,114,839 


557, 508 


1,764,055 




King, or spring: 

J-pound flat 

1-pound tall 


28 
43,410 


98 
181,620 


125 
23,667 


425 

99,442 






108 
40, 167 


432 


48, 034 


207, 624 


214, 370 


Total 


43,438 


181,718 


23, 792 


99, 867 


48, 034 


207, 624 


40, 275 


214, 802 






Red, or sockeye: 

J-pound flat 

1-pound flat 

1-pound tall 


45, 383 

29, 821 

1,242,600 


160, 731 

154, 646 
5, 599, 850 


21,«17 

26*950 

1,613,911 


68,083 

138, 120 

7,318,048 


16,385 

85, 193 

1,611,916 


63, 888 

236, 609 

7, 310, 053 


44,640 

39,941 

1,388,006 


176, 385 

236, 453 

7,361,552 


Total 


1,317,804 


5,915,227 


1,662,678 


7,524,251 


1,713,494 


7,610,550 


1,472,587 


7,774,390 






Grand total . . . 


2,202,100 


8,781,366 


2,618,048 


10, 185, 783 


2, 403, 669 


9, 438, 152 


2,438,777 


11,086.322 



a All pound cases contain 48 1-pound cans; the J-pound cases contain 48 J-pound cans. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



21 



The following table shows, by species, the average price received 
by the packer per case of 1 -pound tails for a series of years. The 
1-pound tall cases are used because they form the vast majority of 
the pack and are the ones in common use by the consumer, the flat 
cans being packed for a special trade. 

Average Annual Price per Case of 48 1-pound Tall Cans of Salmon, 1905-1910. 



Products. 



1905 


1906 


1907 


1908 


1909 


$3.20 


$3.63 


$3.91 


$3.98 


$4.07 


2.69 


2.87 


2.97 


2.53 


2.28 


2.95 


3.00 


3.16 


2.69 


2.40 


3.28 


3.78 


4.18 


4.20 


4.32 


3.38 


3.77 


4.59 


4.52 


4.53 



1910 



Coho, or silver 

Dog, or chum 

Humpback, or pink. 

King, or spring , 

Red, or sockeye 



3.04 
3.15 
5.34 
5.30 



PICKLING. 

Owing to the low prices which have prevailed during several 
seasons for whole pickled salmon, there was but little incentive 
for the salteries to engage in this business very heavily this year. 
Some shut down altogether, while others very materially curtailed 
operations. Prices improved during the latter part of the season, 
but it was then too late. 

The action of the Department in forbidding the packing of salmon 
bellies without making some economic use of the backs contributed 
to the depression in the pickled trade, as bellies were the most 
remunerative product prepared. Nearly all of the salters are now 
agreed, however, that this action was wise and necessary. Under 
the old wasteful method from one-half to two-thirds of the edible 
portion of the fish was thrown away and the belly only was pickled. 

Persons engaged. — This year 261 persons (196 fishermen, 51 shores- 
men, and 14 transporters) were employed, a decrease of 135 as 
compared with 1909. 

Persons Engaged in the Salmon-Pickling Industry in 1910. 



How engaged. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Western 

Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishermen: 


29 
13 


3 

105 


46 


78 




118 










42 


108 


46 


196 






Shoresmen: 


5 

16 


7 
3 


20 


32 




19 








Total 


21 


10 


20 


51 






Transporters: 

Whites 


2 


2 
6 


4 


8 




6 










Total 


o 


8 


4 


14 








65 


126 


70 


2 1 







59395°— 11- 



-20 



22 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Investment. — There were 12 salteries (6 in southeast Alaska, 4 in 
central Alaska, and 2 in western Alaska) in operation, a decrease of 
4 as compared with 1909. In addition, a few of the canneries and 
mild-curing plants also pickled their surplus catch, and while the 
product has been included in the present table, the men and invest- 
ment could not be separated from the statistics of the other branches 
of the industry. 

Investment in the Salmon-Pickling Industry in 1910. 



Items. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


"Western 
Alaska. 


Total. 




No. 
6 

1 

7 


Value. 


No. 
4 

1 

40 


Value. 


No. 
2 

1 
9 


Value. 


No. 
12 

3 

50 

1 
16 


Value. 


Transporting vessels: 


$2, 500 


$12,000 


$5, 000 


$19,500 






Outfit 


500 
900 


2,400 


1,600 


4,500 




1 
16 


900 














Outfit 


200 

6,550 

870 

400 

350 
2,800 

800 
8, 200 
15, 300 
5,925 










200 




5 
16 
5 

2 
10 
6 


1 

39 
2 

22 


1,000 

1, 160 

200 

2,230 


1 
23 


4,500 
8,700 


7 

78 

7 

24 
10 
29 


12,050 




10, 730 




600 


Apparatus: 






2,580 








2,800 


Gill nets .. 






23 



1.725 
35. 000 
27,000 

22, 590 


2,525 






11,250 
9,500 
16, 577 


54, 450 






51,800 






45, 092 








Total 




45, 295 




56, 317 




10(3,115 




207,727 









Output. — The output in 1910 amounted to 14,405 barrels, valued at 
$130,641, as compared with 26,915 barrels and 6,997 half barrels, 
valued at $208,758, in 1909. A small part of this output is composed 
of salmon bellies. A few of the backs were pickled and appear in 
this table, while the rest were either dried, dry-salted, or smoked, and 
appear under their proper headings in this report. 

Barrels of Salmon Pickled in 1910, by Species. 



Products. 


Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


"Western Alaska. 


Total. 




No. 
35 


Value. 
$296 


No. 
125 
126 


Value. 

$1, 208 

1,135 


No. 


Value. 


No. 

160 

126 

70 

330 

010 

352 

2 

6 

11, 931 

4 

808 


Value. 
$1, 504 








1,135 




70 
314 
421 


770 
1,905 
4,410 






770 




13 
195 


78 
1,725 


3 


$15 


1.998 




6,135 




352 


3.399 


3. 399 




2 
6 
2 


24 
128 
20 






24 












128 




1,4S5 


12,278 


10, 444 
4 


92, 351 
60 


104, 649 




(iO 




3 


24 


805 


10,815 


10,839 










Total 


853 


7,577 


2,749 


27,239 


10,803 


95,825 


14, 405 


130, 641 







FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



23 



MILD CURING. 

At the opening of the present season the mild-curing industry- 
was in better condition than for several years previous, as the pack 
of 1909 had been disposed of and prices for the new pack were ruling 
fairly high. Owing to this the packers extended their operations as 
much as possible, and as a result the pack this year is the largest ever 
put up in Alaska. 

With the exception of a small quantity put up in Cook Inlet, 
central Alaska, the packing of mild-cured salmon was confined to 
southeast Alaska, although it is more than probable that the packers 
will soon extend their operations into western Alaska and parts of 
central Alaska not now worked. 

As in previous years the principal trouble the packers experience 
is in getting rid of the white-meated king salmon with the least 
possible loss. These fish average about one-fourth of the total 
catch, and the fishermen insist that the dealers shall take them 
along with the others, which they do at a considerably lower price. 
A few of the larger of these white-meated kings are mild-cured. 
Early in the season many of them, together with the small red- 
meated fish, are shipped fresh to the Puget Sound ports, but after 
the kings begin to run in the Sound this is unprofitable. 

Persons engaged. — This year 656 persons (560 fishermen, 68 shores- 
men, and 28 transporters) were engaged in the mild-curing industry, 
as compared with 521 in 1909, a gain of 135. A number of others 
also were engaged for limited periods, but as their work in connection 
with other branches of the salmon business was more important 
they have been included there. 

Persons Engaged in the Salmon Mild-Curing Industry in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishermen: 

W h i t es 


354 
196 


10 


364 




196 








Total 


550 


10 


560 






Shoresmen: 


65 
3 




65 






3 








Total 


68 




68 








Transporters: 

Whites 


15 
13 




15 






13 








Total 


2S 




28 










646 


10 


656 







24 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Investment. — There were 14 fixed plants (13 in southeast Alaska and 
1 in central Alaska) — i. e., plants with permanent buildings and a chief 
business of mild-curing salmon — operated in Alaska this year. A 
considerable part of this industry is done by schooners and launches, 
the crews of which catch the fish in small boats and pack them aboard 
the vessels, moving from place to place with the schools of salmon. 

Investment in the Salmon Mild-Curing Industry in 1910. 



Items. 



Southeast 

Alaska. 



Central Alaska. 



Total. 



Fixed plants 

Transporting vessels: 

Steamers and launches (over 5 tons). 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Sailing vessels k 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Steamers and launches (under 5 tons) . . . 

Boats, sail and row 

Scows 

Apparatus, shore fisheries: 

Gill nets 

Lines, trolling 

Shore and accessory property 

Cash capital 

Wages paid 



No. 
13 



23 
179 



35 
402 
20 

138 



Total. 



Value. 



No. 

1 



$51,500 



35,000 
4,000 



3,000 

o42,750 

14, 365 

10, 100 

26, 225 
471 
40, 920 
86,000 
46, 537 



360, 868 



Value. 



No. 
14 



23 

179 



SI, 000 



750 



35 

407 

20 

143 



1,200 



2,950 



Value. 



$51,500 



35,000 
4,000 



3,000 
42, 750 
15,365 
10,100 

26,975 

471 

40,920 

86,000 

47,737 



303, 818 



a Includes outfit. 

Catch, by apparatus and products. — All told, 164,520 red-meated and 
22,525 white-meated king salmon were required in preparing the pack. 
The greater part of these fish were caught with trolling lines. The 
pack of 3,357 tierces, which sold for $220,673, is an increase of 1,065 
tierces and $71,373 over 1909. 

Catch op Salmon for mild-curing, 1910, by Apparatus and Species. 



Apparatus and species. 


Southeast 
Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Gill nets: 


Number. 
20.8G4 
2,656 


Number. 
1,767 


Number. 
22, 631 




2,656 








Total 


23,520 


1,767 


25, 2S7 






Lines: 


141,889 
19,869 




141,889 






19, 869 








Total 


161,758 




161,758 








Grand total 


185, 278 


1,767 


187,045 







FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 25 

Products of the Salmon Meld-Curing Industry in 1910. 



Products. 


Tierces. 


Round 
weight 
of fish. 


Dressed 
weight 

of fish. 


Value. 


Southeast Alaska: 

Red king salmon 


3,022 
304 


Pounds. 
3,475,300 
349, 600 


Pounds. 
2, 468, 198 
246, 700 


$209,826 


White king salmon 


8,615 






Total 


3,326 


3,824,900 


2,714,898 


218, 441 






Central Alaska: 

Red king salmon 


31 


35,650 


24,800 


2,232 






Total: 

Red king salmon 


3,053 
304 


3,510,950 
349,600 


2,492,998 
246, 700 


212,058 




8,615 






Grand total 


3,357 


3,860,550 


2, 739, 698 


220,673 







FRESH SALMON. 

As in previous years large quantities of king salmon (mainly 
white-meated and small red-meated fish) were shipped fresh to Puget 
Sound ports, where they brought very good prices up to the time 
king salmon began to run in the Sound waters. 

Shortly after the canning season opened certain fishermen with 
headquarters at Petersburg and Wrangell became dissatisfied with 
the prices offered by neighboring canneries, and failing to come to 
an agreement began shipping their catches of red and coho salmon 
fresh to Puget Sound ports, where they received fair prices. 

MINOR PRESERVING PROCESSES. 

Dry salting and drying. — At a few places in central Alaska the 
bellies of red and coho salmon are cut out and pickled, after which 
the backs are dried in the sun, and the resulting product, called 
"ukalu," used for fox food at the fox ranches and for dog food. 

The dry salting of dog salmon for food has almost ceased, but 
22,178 pounds, valued at $554, being prepared this year. 

Smoking.— A delicious smoked product, known locally as "beleke," 
is put up at Kodiak and several other places, the backs of red, coho, 
and humpback salmon being used. A considerable quantity of 
white-meated king salmon, cut into steaks, was smoked in south- 
east Alaska this year. 

Freezing. — The only establishments engaged in freezing salmon 
are at Taku Harbor and Ketchikan, in southeast Alaska. Only a 
small business is done in the freezing of salmon, halibut being the 
principal product of these plants. Black bass, black cod, and steel- 
head trout are among the miscellaneous products prepared. 



26 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



RETURN OF MARKED SALMON. 

A number of salmon bearing mutilations of certain fins, apparent 
brands, or with missing fins, were observed during the summer, as 
occurs every season. So far as these concern single fins they are 
not to be referred to any known artificial marks placed upon fish as 
a means of identification. Twelve of them, however, were red 
salmon lacking both ventral fins and are identified as returns from 
a definite marking experiment which has yielded annual results 
since 1906. This continued return of marked red salmon to south- 
east Alaska is of particular interest. These fish were marked by 
Mr. F. M. Chamberlain as fmgerlings about three months old, in 
August, 1903, at Fortmann hatchery, and liberated in Naha Stream 
above Heckman Lake. The mark consisted of the complete exci- 
sion of both ventral fins. , The number of marked fish liberated 
was 1,600. The returns which are considered to have been satisfac- 
torily identified are shown, by the year and locality, in the following 
table: 

Marked Salmon Identified Upon Return to Streams, 1906-1910. 



Years. 



Naha. 



Yes 
Bay. 



Kar- 
luk. 



Total. 



Age of 
fish. 



1906. 
1907. 
190S. 
1909. 
1910. 



Total. 



10 



Years. 
3J 
41 
5J 
6i 
7i 



One of the 10 fish credited to Yes Bay in 1910 was caught in the 
bay by commercial fishermen and preserved by freezing at Ketchikan, 
where it was examined by the assistant agent on July 23. It was a 
male 20.5 inches in length and weighed 3f pounds. All the other 
marked fish assigned to Yes Bay for any year were taken at the 
Government hatchery at the head of Yes Lake. 

These 40 fish are 2\ per cent of the 1,600 marked. The observed 
return is certainly somewhat larger and possibly greatly surpasses 
these figures. An indeterminate number, estimated at between 50 
and 100, were reported to have been seen at Yes Lake hatchery in 
1906, but of these no specimens were saved. No account has been 
taken of these in the above table, since there is no basis for determin- 
ing how many of the presumed marks were certainly of the same 
nature as those accepted as representing actual returns. Salmon 
lacking a single ventral fin are frequently seen in the runs, and some 
mutilations .of this pair of fins are to be distinguished from the results 
of artificial marking. While the table shows but one marked fish 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 27 

taken at Karluk in 1909, several were reported, the exact numbei 
being unknown. The one of which account has been taken is based 
upon examination of a preserved specimen. The few taken at Kar- 
luk are the only specimens known to have returned outside of south- 
east Alaska. 

The relation of the return to the parent stream and adjoining streams 
of southeast Alaska, in which most of the marked fish were retaken, 
is of importance. Excluding the uncertain return to Yes Bay in 1906, 
over half the returning fish succeeded in reaching the parent stream, 
and even with these Yes Bay fish included, a considerable proportion 
still belongs to the parent stream, while by far the larger part of the 
known return is confined to the region within 40 miles of the parent 
stream. It is obviously indicated that red salmon return to the gen- 
eral region in which they were hatched, rather than to remote regions, 
and that a considerable number reach the particular region of their 
origin, or their parent stream. 

The return from the original plant of marked fish has now covered 
five successive seasons, indicating a variation of at least five years in 
the life period of a single hatch of red salmon. The known return 
had been diminishing in numbers since 1907 up to the current year, 
when it considerably increased. This is a somewhat anomalous 
result, and inconsistent with that gradual dwindling in numbers and 
disappearance from the runs of fish bearing this mark which was 
expected to occur. While the acceptance of these fish as conclu- 
sively indentical with the marked salmon of 1903 depends on the ces- 
sation of their occurrence within a reasonable time, there is at present 
no sufficient reason for doubting that they are the same. 

OBSERVATIONS IN WOOD RIVER REGION. 

Mr. H. C. Fassett, inspector of fisheries in Alaska, represented the 
Bureau in western Alaska, with headquarters on Nushagak Bay, and 
had charge of the investigations in the Nushagak region. The order 
closing both Wood and Nushagak Rivers was uniformly observed, and 
without its restrictive effect a considerable proportion of the reduced 
quota escaping to the spawning grounds through Wood River would 
have been taken. Eight fish traps were operated on the bay and two 
in Igushik River, the latter yielding but few fish. The total take of 
traps was about 596,000, of which about 29 per cent were red salmon. 
These traps took 11.2 per cent of the whole catch of the Nushagak 
region, and 3.9 per cent of the whole red salmon catch. 

The following table shows the total Nushagak catch (including 
85,000 red salmon from Igushik River) and its content as to the five 
species of salmon. The red salmon catch is 83.5 per cent of the total 
number of salmon taken. 



28 FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 

Catch of Different Species of Salmon in Nushagak Region, 1910. 



Species. 


Catch. 


Species. 


Catch. 




86, 433 

4, 427, 620 

139, 200 


Pink 


440, 369 
206, 220 




Dog - 


Coho 


Total. 








5,299,848 







COUNT OF THE BREEDING RUN IN WOOD RIVER. 

The count of salmon escaping from the fishermen and ascending to 
the spawning grounds by way of Wood River was again made as in 
the two past years. The actual daily tally made at the rack at the 
foot of Lake Aleknagik is as follows: 

Daily Tally of Redfish into Lake Aleknagik during the Season of 1910. 



Date. 


Number. 


Date. 


Number. 


Date. 


Number. 


July 4 


167 

1,042 

2,717 

12, 036 

13, 131 

72,073 

105, 835 

70,252 

26,772 

24,223 

37, 612 


July 15 


125, 621 
64,026 
29, 964 
31,628 
13, 642 
10, 928 
10, 000 
4,881 
3,618 
2,747 
1,919 


July 26 


1,162 
927 


5 


16 


27 


6 


17 


28 


715 


7 


18 


29 


873 


8 


19 


30 


708 


9 


20 


31 


385 


10 


21 




361 


11 


22 


2 


139 


12 


23 . 


Total 




13 


24 


670, 104 


14 


25 













The run came into Nushagak Bay about July 3. The rack at the 
lake was completed and made tight on July 3, but no fish were seen 
until the 4th. The tally of July 7 probably represents the advance 
of the main run. As in the preceding year, there were two distinct 
impulses in the run at the lake, the height of the run or largest tally 
occurring on the 15th, or one day later than in the two preceding 
seasons. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



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FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 33 

SIGNIFICANCE OF WOOD RIVER DATA. 

The spawning run up Wood River again shows a loss in comparison 
with the preceding season. The total was 670,000 in 1910, as against 
893,000 in 1909. The commercial catch of Nushagak Bay also fell off, 
being 4,400,000 in 1910 as against 4,900,000 in 1909. The Wood 
River run in 1910 was 75 per cent of the 1909 run; the Nushagak Bay- 
catch in 1910 was 89.8 per cent of the 1909 catch. Thus in each of 
these years the Wood River spawning run has declined much more 
rapidly than the catch in the bay has declined. The following table 
shows the numerical results in round numbers for the three years of 
Wood River investigations. The last column gives the sum of the 
bay catch and the Wood River run, this total constituting far the 
greater part of the whole run into Nushagak Bay. 

Spawning Run in Wood River, 1908, 1909, and 1910. 



Years. 


Nushagak 
Bay catch. 


Wood River 
tally. 


Total. 


1908 


6,400,000 
4,900,000 
4,400,000 


2,600,000 
893,000 
670.000 


9,000,000 
5,793,000 
5,070,000 


1909 


1910 





The commercial catch for the whole bay has fallen off since 1908 by 
two annual losses of H millions and \ million, respectively. The 
corresponding loss to the Wood River tally was in 1909 numerically 
even greater than the loss on the catch, while in both 1909 and 1910 
the percentage loss in Wood River was greater than on the catch. 

According to observations in the river and the head of the bay, and 
the reports of the packers, the run up the main river was unusually 
large this season, evidently greater than the Wood River run. By 
taking the latter as a minimum and twice the number as a maximum 
for the main river run, and estimating otherwise on the same basis 
as in previous seasons, about 6,400,000 is obtained as the estimated 
run for the whole bay in 1910, which in view of the maximum error 
probable may be accepted as within one-half million of the actual 
run. Of this estimate over 79 per cent, or more than 5 million fish, 
are fish actually counted in Wood River by the observers and in 
Nushagak by the commercial fishermen. 

The total escape to the spawning grounds for the whole Nushagak 
region during the current season lies between 25 per cent and 36 per 
cent of the total run, with 31 per cent probable. In other words, the 
industry took between 64 per cent and 75 per cent of the whole run, 
and probably took about 69 per cent. 

As bearing on the rate of increase the figures for the season corrob- 
orate broadly the conclusions reached the year previously and tend 



34 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

to narrow the limits between which this rate is indicated to lie. 
From such a slender basis of facts as are available, a rate of increase 
of from 200 per cent to 250 per cent is to be inferred if there is neither 
under nor overfishing. If these figures are too high the Nushagak 
industry is overfishing. If they are too low, fish are being use- 
lessly wasted to the spawning grounds. The latter of these alter- 
natives would hardly be maintained by anyone, and can hardly hold 
over a course of years, yet it may possibly be true of an occasional 
season, such as that of 1908. 

Value of a census of salmon runs. — If the establishment of the 
increment percentage, rate of increase, or measure of the tendency of 
red salmon to multiply by their own natural and unaided reproduc- 
tive powers is of any importance to the fisheries, then the Wood River 
investigations or their counterpart ought to be continued and made to 
include a complete salmon catchment basin, the larger and more 
isolated the better. It can hardly be maintained that the factors of 
temperature, wind, chance, etc., affect so erratically the movements 
of the great schools that the annual run to a given basin is little or not 
at all related to the preceding spawning runs which escaped capture 
therein. Salmon of course do not all return to the region where they 
were hatched. Some go elsewhere and a continuous flux or ebb and 
flow of interchange results. 

But the number of the spawners inevitably measures the reproduc- 
tivity. If this number could be ascertained for all Alaska, it would 
soon be known how prolific the salmon are. Since this is impossible 
it remains to make the determination on as large a section of the 
spawning grounds as can be handled. A somewhat longer time is 
required in order that the annual variations affecting the particular 
fragment of the fishery under observation shall reach an average 
making it representative of the whole. It matters little whether the 
adult salmon return to their parent waters, or whether they inter- 
change freely, even to the extent of none returning to their birth- 
places. The essential point is to determine how large are the runs 
which succeed year after year to a series of known spawning escapes. 

As a matter of fact, there is much difference of opinion among 
fishermen respecting the controlling effect of winds on the movements 
of salmon. In Bering Sea few days pass without strong blows, and 
it is easy to relate the suddenly arriving salmon run to some par- 
ticular wind, just as the so-called equinoctial storm is supposed to 
have some essential connection with the autumnal equinox. But 
whatever resultant physical influences have, they do not prevent an 
unfailing annual rush of hordes of red salmon into Nushagak Bay, 
their advent predictable almost to the day and their numbers expected 
with perfect certainty to be measured in millions. During the count- 
less years in which this has occurred before the commercial fishery 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 35 

existed the uniformity was presumably greater than at present. The 
variations in size of the run known tfr have occurred since man dis- 
turbed the balance of nature in these fisheries are reasonably due mainly 
to the exigencies of the commercial industry, which has been unable 
to make any correlation between its take and the quota necessary 
for spawning. Even with these variations, no such thing as a failure 
in the run is known to history or tradition. Even at the lowest ebbs 
of the commercial fishery the salmon had still to be counted by 
millions. As fisheries go, the Nushagak region and most of the 
Bristol Bay streams are constant and perennial sources of salmon. 

That the determination of the rate of increase of red salmon, or 
the limits within which it varies, is a matter of high importance is 
self-evident. Of course a high rate has already been implied by the 
great productivity of salmon fisheries and their failure in Alaska to 
deplete rapidly under enormous drains. Presumably it has been 
known to many that the fishermen have been, in many fisheries, 
taking almost every year more than half the run. The lesser portion 
must therefore have reproduced the whole run, which placed the 
annual increment at over 100 per cent. Just how small this escap- 
ing portion may be and .still reproduce a maximum run has been 
and is yet the vital and crucial question. But three long steps 
in answer have been taken by the three years of Wood River investi- 
gations. 

There is no other way to obtain this increment percentage than 
by continued counting of the breeders, which, with the commercial 
catch, amounts to a census of the run. The three annual counts 
already made in Wood River, coupled with general knowledge of 
the other rivers of the bay, already show roughly what proportion 
of the Nushagak Bay run has reached the spawning grounds in these 
years, and since the Bering Sea fisheries are not rapidly declining 
this is probably not much below the proportion which should reach 
the spawning grounds. 

This showing is definite enough to be safely used in a practical 
way as a basis for dividing the whole run into a commercial and a 
breeding quota. At the beginning the tentative figures might be 
70 per cent for the former and 30 per cent for the latter. Seventy 
per cent is not far from representing the proportion of the run the 
industry has been taking from Nushagak Bay in each of the past 
two years. By the use of racks in the rivers the run could be divided 
as it came into alternate daily portions, one to escape, the other for 
the packers. Thus a definite proportion of the run would be insured 
to the spawning grounds, and the actual number of fish of which it 
consisted would be known. Even if a considerable inaccuracy 
existed in the tentative fixing of 30 per cent for the breeding quota, 
no injury would result, for the annual counts would constantly 



36 FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 

correct the figures. It is only necessary to begin such a system of 
catching and releasing at proportions just to the industry and reason- 
ably safe for the fisheries. It may be assumed for this purpose that 
a 30 per cent escape will approximately maintain the Nushagak 
fisheries. This implies a rate of increase of 233 per cent, which 
means that for "three salmon which reach the spawning grounds, 
spawn, and die, ten adult salmon return during the next few years, 
and that if no more than seven of these are taken by the fishermen 
the process can continue indefinitely. 

The Pacific salmon, and particularly the red salmon, alone among 
commercial fishes, are surprisingly adapted to the control of man 
for the purpose of perpetuation and exploitation as a commercial 
asset. They leave the sea regularly at a certain season and make 
their way en masse to the narrow channels of the fresh and more 
or less clear waters, where they may be confined, held, captured, or 
counted and released to the spawning grounds without injury — all 
with comparative ease and convenience. Spawning is definitely 
confined to the single season of sexual maturity and is soon followed 
by the death of the adult, so that breeding salmon never themselves 
become a part of subsequent runs. These facts make it possible 
not only to measure their reproductive power, but to put into effect 
a system of fishing whereby from a minimum reservation of breeding 
salmon the fishery may be maintained perpetually at a maximum. 
At the same time the industry may obtain its fish for packing easily 
and cheaply. The pack may be made in a perfectly fresh condition. 
The canneries can operate uniformly throughout the season, instead 
of with the present alternations of scarcity and abundance. Runs 
of more uniform size would finally succeed upon a more uniform 
release of breeders, and would therefore be more accurately 
predictable. 

There is a certain quantity of seed represented by spawning 
salmon, a more or less definite fraction of the whole run, varying 
within presumably narrow limits, which nicely produces without 
waste from the spawning fields and the feeding grounds of the seas 
a maximum crop of fish. Any greater quantity is an excess, being 
a total waste of nonproductive seed, while any lesser quantity is a 
more serious loss, the waste of a multiplied return from potential 
seed which should have been used as such. No system of fishing 
can possibly make this measured sowing of the spawning grounds 
without actually counting the whole run. This the present system 
does not do. It counts the catch alone, and therefore it almost 
always wastes fish, either as nonproductive breeders or as the 
multiplied (by about 2J) return from fish which should have been 
allowed to breed. The tendency is toward the latter or greater 
loss. Only occasionally and by chance will both forms of waste be 
avoided. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 37 

These opportunities which the peculiar specialized habits of the 
red salmon afford for perpetually exploiting them commercially 
without depleting their abundance should be utilized. The packing 
industry would greatly profit in the end and the Alaska fisheries 
would enhance in value as a national asset. At present the law 
does not provide power to establish such a system of fishing, but 
it would permit a trial in a suitable region by mutual agreement 
between the packers concerned and Federal authority. 

EXPLORATIONS OF LAKE ALEKNAGIK. 

During the summers of 1908 and 1909 every stream tributary to 
Lake Aleknagik, which gives rise to Wood River, was examined by 
the agent. During the current summer Mr. W. T. Bower, of the 
Division of Fish Culture of the Bureau, spent the period from July 17 
to July 27 in explorations of the lake and streams. By means of 
these observations the streams have been thoroughly prospected 
with reference to spawning salmon and hatchery possibilities. Two 
suitable and feasible hatchery sites have been selected, and on either 
a properly equipped expedition, arriving as soon as navigation 
opened, could erect a hatchery in time to obtain a portion at least 
of the same season's spawn. 

Such a hatchery could be located on the lake shore and be accessible 
directly from tidewater for light-draft boats. No single stream of 
the lake would afford eggs enough to fill a large hatchery, and col- 
lections would have to be made over the whole lake in some seasons. 
There is, however, no more suitable location in the Bristol Bay 
region for accessibility and proximity to large spawning grounds. 
The second lake could be drawn upon for eggs if necessary. There 
is no hatchery in western Alaska, a region which furnishes some 63 
per cent of the total pack of Alaska red. 

THE COD FISHERY. 

All but one of the firms and individuals [John H. Nelson, of 
Squaw Harbor] operating in the district for cod exclusively 
have their headquarters at San Francisco, Cal., or Seattle, Ana- 
cortes, or Tacoma, Wash., at which places, or in their immediate 
vicinity, the cured fish are received and prepared for marketing. 
About half of the operators have shore stations located at favorable 
places in central Alaska, on the Shumagin and Sannak Islands, and 
Unimak Island. From thence the dory fishermen carry on their 
operations, bringing in their catch daily, and when they have accu- 
mulated enough to form a cargo a vessel is dispatched from the home 
port or else a fishing vessel completes its fare from the station 
catch and carries the fish to the curing establishments in the States. 
59395°— 11 21 



38 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

The industry has suffered severely in the past from the spreading 
broadcast of exaggerated ideas as to its possible profits. As a result 
of this persons totally unfamiliar with the work have engaged in it, 
and instead of building up a trade by the preparation of a good 
product at a living price have prepared goods in a slipshod manner 
and then disposed of them by cutting below the prices of more 
reputable dealers. 

When the present season opened the trade was in a demoralized 
condition, owing to excessive cutting of prices. During the summer 
certain changes in ownership took place. A new company, the 
Western Codfish Co., took over the plants, vessels, etc., of King & 
Winge Co. and the Seattle-Alaska Fish Co. The Union Fish Co., 
of San Francisco, bought and had delivered to it the catches of the 
vessels owned and operated this }^ear by the Robinson Fisheries Co., 
of Anacortes, Wash., and the Blom Codfish Co., of Tacoma, Wash. 

Through this centralizing of the industry, price cutting was elimi- 
nated, temporarily at least, and when this report closed the market 
was in excellent condition. A considerable surplus is on hand, but the 
dealers are content to hold this for their own price, which, owing to 
the shortage of cod on the Atlantic coast, they are reasonably sure of 
getting. 

Mr. J. A. Matheson, of Anacortes, Wash., has incorporated his plant, 
and it is now known as the Matheson Fisheries Co. The Pacific States 
Trading Co., of San Francisco, which did not operate this year, will 
probably resume operations in 1911. 

The winter of 1909-10 was severe, and the cod fishermen were very 
much hampered as a result. Up to June 1 heavy winds prevailed, 
and after that, while winds were light, heavy fogs were frequent. 
Owing to the severe weather practically no fish were caught in Dublin 
Bay. 

On March 28 the codfish schooner Stanley, owned by the Union Fish 
Co., of San Francisco, Cal., when approaching Pavlof Harbor, on San- 
nak Islands, in central Alaska, grounded on a reef and immediately 
began to go to pieces. In the heavy seas continually breaking over 
her one man was washed overboard and drowned and three men, 
including the master, died from exposure before rescuing parties from 
the shore could reach the ship. The rest of the crew, five men, were 
saved. The vessel was carrying supplies to the company's shore sta- 
tions in Alaska, and her loss seriously hampered the operation of 
these for several months. 

SHORE STATIONS. 

During 1910 the following shore stations were operated: Alaska 
Codfish Co.: Unga, Baralof (Squaw Harbor), and Kelleys Rock (Win- 
chester), on Unga Island; and Companys Harbor and Moffats Cove, 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



39 



on Sannak Island. John H. Nelson: Squaw Harbor, Unga Island. 
Union Fish Co. : Pirate Cove, Popof Island; Northwest Harbor, Little 
Koniuji Island; Pavlof Harbor and Johnson Harbor, on Sannak 
Island; Sanborn Harbor, on Nagai Island; and Unga, on Unga Island. 
Several which were shut down this year will be operated in 1911. 



STATISTICS FOR CENTRAL ALASKA. 

During the year 197 fishermen, 22 shoresmen, and 37 transporters 
were employed. The total investment amounted to $162,655. The 
catch amounted to 3,019,023 pounds of fish as taken from the water. 
When cured this weighed 2,269,914 pounds and sold for $63,443, a 
very large decrease from 1909. 



Persons Engaged in the Central Alaska Cod Fisheries in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Number;. 


Fishermen (shore fisheries): 


197 








Shoresmen: 


18 




3 




1 








Total 


22 








Transporters: 


37 










256 







Investment in the Central Alaska Cod Fisheries in 1910. 



Items. 


Number. 


Value. 


Items. 


Number. 


Value. 


Transporting vessels: 


3 

78 


$28, 000 




197 


$5,950 
1,205 










45,000 


Outfit 


3,500 
37, 500 


Stations, with accessory prop- 






2 
235 


39,500 




Total 




Outfit 


2,000 




162, 055 











Products of the Central Alaska Cod Fisheries en 1910. 



Cod, fresh 

Cod, salted 

Cod, pickled 

Cod tongues, salted . 

Total 



Products. 



Round 
weight. 



Pounds. 

16,000 

2,877,157 

125,806 



3,019,023 



Dressed 
weight. 



Pounds. 

14,000 
2,157,914 

94,400 
3,600 

2,269,914 



Value. 



$560 

59. 433 

3,320 

130 

63,443 



40 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
VESSEL FISHING. 



The following fleet ° of 1 1 vessels, with headquarters in California 
and Washington, operated in Alaskan waters this year, several of 
them spending the winter of 1909-10 in the north. 

Cod-Fishing Fleet in Alaskan Waters, Winter of 1909-10. 



Name. 


Class. 


Net ton- 
nage. 


Owner. 


Fanny Dutard 


Schooner 

do 


252 
220 
235 
171 
233 
138 
376 
370 
253 
328 
253 




Alice 






do.... 


Do. 


Maid of Orleans 

Fortuna 


do 

do 

do 


Seattle-Alaska Fish Co., Seattle, Wash. 
King & Winge Codfish Co., Seattle, Wash. 


W. H. Dimond 


do 

Barkentine 

Schooner 

do.... 


Alaska Codfish Co., San Francisco, CaL 
Do. 


John D. Spreckles 

Fremont 


Do. 


Stanley a 


...do.... 


Do. 









a Lost at sea. 

The vessels from Washington operating in Alaskan waters caught 
911,500 fish, with a cured weight of 3,563,000 pounds, which sold 
for $97,983, while those from California caught 498,399 fish, with a 
cured weight of 1,992,000 pounds, valued at $54,780. 

THE HALIBUT FISHERY. 

FISHING GROUNDS. 

The fishery for this very choice food fish occupies second place in 
the commercial fisheries of Alaska. At present the industry is 
practically restricted to southeast Alaska, the few fish taken in cen- 
tral Alaska being consumed in the towns in that section. This is 
due almost wholly to the fact that the present steamship facilities 
to this section of Alaska are inadequate for the handling of this 
species as expeditiously as is required. Halibut are reported from 
various places in Cook Inlet, from all along the Alaska Peninsula 
and the adjacent islands, and in Prince William Sound. 

In western Alaska the fish is reported from a number of places, 
the natives usually catching and using it for food. The natives of 
the Pribilof Islands, when fishing off the islands, catch numbers of 
halibut and these are usually very choice specimens. 

In southeast Alaska halibut appear to be most abundant in the 
numerous sounds and straits during the winter months. Icy, Chat- 
ham, Peril, and Sumner Straits, and Frederick Sound are the chief 
centers of abundance. The best grounds are to be found in Fred- 
erick Sound, especially around the Five Finger Islands. Good 
banks are to be found scattered all over Icy Straits. The waters of 

■ None of the data relating to this fleet appear in the statistical tables. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 41 

Chatham Strait are too deep for general fishing, but off Point Gardi- 
ner and at several spots off Baranof Island, are to be found good 
fishing banks, while Kootznahoo Inlet, on Admiralty Island, yields 
good fishing in summer. In Sumner Strait are to be found very 
good deep-water winter fishing grounds. During the winter of 1909-10 
some of the fishermen fished here in water as deep as 250 fathoms. 
The vicinity of the Eye Opener is the best ground to be found in the 
strait. Indians fish considerably in Boca de Quadra and the vicinity 
of Kah Shakes Cove, Mary's Island, and the mouths of Kasaan Bay 
and Cholmondeley Sound. In Stephens Passage considerable fish- 
ing is done in and just off the mouth of Seymour Canal. Most of the 
fishing in the protected waters of southeast Alaska has heretofore 
been done in winter, as the fish were then most abundant and the 
prices realized were better than in summer when the Puget Sound 
fleet operates on the Flattery Banks, off the Washington coast, and 
brings the fish in in such abundance that the Alaska-caught fish, 
which have to be shipped on the steamers plying between Seattle 
and southeast Alaska ports, at considerable expense, can not com- 
pete. This summer, however, the New England Fish Co. bought 
and froze all halibut brought to its Ketchikan plant and as a result a 
number of fishermen continued halibut fishing throughout the year. 
For many years the Puget Sound steamers and large power vessels 
fished in Hecate Strait and off the chain of islands lying outside the 
British Columbia mainland. During the last few years these banks 
have been growing less and less productive, and as the Canadian 
fishery protection boats have very much harassed our fishermen who 
were operating in these waters, or who were driven into its harbors 
by stress of weather or for wood and water, they have been gradually 
extending their operations northward into Alaska waters, where they 
would be free from molestation. It has been known for some years 
that halibut were abundant at certain regions in the ocean off 
the outer fringe of islands in southeast Alaska, more particularly off 
Baranof Island and the mainland between Cape Spencer and Yaku- 
tat Bay, and it was surmised that other and possibly more ex- 
tensive banks would be found if looked for. During the winter 
of 1909-10 several of the vessels prospected the open waters between 
Cape Muzon and Sitka, with the result that halibut were found in 
great abundance throughout the greater part of this area. Off 
Forrester Island seemed to be the center of greatest abundance. 
Here an average depth of 80 fathoms is found for about 4 miles from 
shore; a little farther out it deepens to 150 fathoms. The first few 
cargoes from here averaged 15 pounds to the fish, but the average 
soon dropped to 14 pounds. One steamer early in July caught about 
250,000 pounds of halibut on the Forrester Island banks during one 
trip. 



42 FISHEKIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

Halibut frequent the sandy banks on which coral and a small 
shellfish known to the fishermen as "sea cocks" abound. The 
latter is sought by the halibut as a choice morsel of food. The fish 
is a very voracious and promiscuous feeder. The stomach of one 
opened at the Ketchikan plant of the New England Fish Co. con- 
tained an octopus, a crab, a salmon, and a dogfish. Sand launce and 
fish eggs of a large size appear to be its favorite food at certain seasons. 
One dealer reports finding a 6-inch section of a tree branch in the 
stomach of one. The fishermen say that frequently when pulling 
up a hooked halibut, other halibut will follow the hooked one to the 
surface, biting at its tail and body. 

A few female halibut with roe reach the dealers, but the fish are 
usually dressed on the banks, and the roe, when present, is thrown 
away. Several fish with roe were received by the New England Co. 
in August and September. 

METHODS AND CONDITIONS. 

Within the protected area in summer the fish are scattered con- ' 
siderably, but during the winter they school on banks in the waters 
noted above. During this season the greater part of the year's 
catch is made by the smaller vessels, which are unable to stand the 
rough weather usually encountered on the banks in the open ocean. 

Dealers located at Hoonah, Juneau, Douglas, Scow Bay, Peters- 
burg, Wrangell, and Ketchikan handle the fish from the fishing boats. 
Scow Bay, which is on Wrangell Narrows, about 5 miles from its 
head, is the principal shipping point. Here are moored several large 
house scows, floats, and barges, alongside of which the fishing boats 
tie up and deliver their catch, to be boxed in ice for shipment and put 
aboard the regular steamers for Seattle, which pass through the 
narrows every few days. The fish are cleaned and packed in ice in 
bins aboard the vessel on the banks. The fishermen furnish their 
own ice, which is frequently secured from icebergs which have broken 
off from nearby glaciers and are floating around in the bays, sounds, 
and straits. The dealer furnishes the shooks for making the boxes, 
which hold about 500 pounds. Where glacier ice is not available 
the fishermen buy from the artificial ice plants, paying from S3 to $5 
per ton. 

A few years ago halibut weighing over 50 pounds were usually 
fletched aboard the vessel, but the demand for fletched halibut is so 
small, and the price realized is so inadequate to the work involved, 
that but few are now prepared in this manner, and these usually on 
shore. In fletching the sides are taken off in two complete pieces, 
which are then put into bins and buried in salt so that the brine will 
run off. It usually requires about three weeks for the fish to strike 
properly. Half-ground California salt is used in curing. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 43 

In shipping fresh, the best fish are from 25 to 30 pounds in weight. 
A 1 3-pound fish is quite a small one. Those smaller are known as 
"chickens." Mosi of the Alaska halibut are of good grade. But 
few logy halibut are found; that is, with watery flesh which clings 
to the knife when cut and does not have the blue tint of the first-class 
fish. 

Sometimes the dealer makes a contract with a vessel owner at a 
certain fixed figure, but when the fish are received on consignment 
the commission charged is generally 5 per cent. The dealers usually 
purchase outright, at the current rates, the fish landed by the small 
boats. 

Large halibut are occasionally taken, one being delivered at Juneau 
in 1904 which weighed 365 pounds. According to the fishermen the 
females appear to have well developed eggs at any season of the year. 

Shooks for making a halibut box cost from 65 to 70 cents for each 
box, depending upon the quantity ordered. The only other expense 
is for nails and the labor required in making the box. The fisher- 
men deliver the halibut at the scows in an eviscerated condition 
When being packed for shipment the head is removed and the fish 
thrown into the box with the tail toward the middle. Under 
ordinary conditions 1 ton of ice is required for 6 tons of fish, which 
is quite reasonable when it is taken into consideration that the fisb 
must be carried a distance of over 700 miles by steamer. The 
freight rate to Seattle varies from $7 to $7.50 per cubic ton, depend- 
ing upon the distance of the shipping point from Seattle. Foi 
shipments of less than 6 boxes the rate is somewhat higher.' In 
addition wharfage has to be paid in Alaska (usually about $1 per ton) 
and in Seattle (40 cents per ton). Six boxes of fish are considered 
to weigh 2\ tons. 

The greater portion of the Pacific coast halibut is shipped to 
points east of the Mississippi River, Chicago, New York, and Boston 
being the principal distributing centers. The demand from the 
Pacific coast and adjacent States, however, is showing a healthy 
growth, and will eventually absorb the greater part of the catch. 

Heretofore the vessels of the New England Fish Co. have operated 
from the company's plant in Vancouver, British Columbia, the fish 
landed from the vessels with American register having been shipped 
through to places in the United States in bond, free of duty. Since 
the establishment of the company's station at Ketchikan these 
steamers have virtually made this place their headquarters and 
have been so credited in this year's report. 

On December 29, 1909 (too late to be included in the report for 
that year), as the gasoline schooner Capella was being towed from 
Wrangell to Petersburg by the gasoline boat Neptune, the latter 
broke down and both vessels drifted onto the northeast shore of 



44 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Vanks Island. The Capella became a total wreck, and her master 
and a sailor lost their lives from exposure and exhaustion after 
reaching land. 

On November 13 the gasoline schooner Sea Light, of Ketchikan, 
while on a halibut fishing cruise, was wrecked at Larch Bay, near 
Cape Ommaney, in southeast Alaska, during a severe gale. After 
suffering much hardship the crew of 8 men managed to reach safety 
in their dories. Later the vessel was found on the beach by another 
fishing vessel which worked her off and towed her into Petersburg. 

STATISTICS. 

During the year 1910 there were 829 persons employed in all 
branches of the halibut industry. The number of steamers and 
launches increased enormously over 1909, because of the highly 
remunerative prices realized for halibut the previous year. The catch 
as reported in 1910 amounted to 21,579,289 pounds, valued at 
$80S,010, as compared with 5,189,924 pounds, valued at $195,529 
in 1909. Part of this great increase in showing is due to the chang- 
ing of the headquarters of the New England Co.'s fleet of steamers 
from Vancouver, British Columbia, to Ketchikan, thus bringing 
them within the scope of this report. 

Persons Engaged in the Southeast Alaska Halibut Fisheries in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Numher. 


Occupation and race. 


Numher. 


Fishermen: 

Vessel fisheries— 


343 

34 


Shoresmen: 

Wh ites 


29 




2 










31 


T til 


377 


Transporters: 

Whites 








Shore fisheries — 


240 
180 


1 









Grand total 


829 










420 









Investment in the Southeast Alaska Halibut Fisheries in 1910. 



Items. 



Fishing vessels: 

Steamers and launches. .. 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Sailing 

Tonnage 

Outfit 

Packing barges 

Tonnage 

Launches under 5 tons 

Boats, sail and row 



Number. 



66 
842 



1 

338 

151 

20 



Value. 



$468,800 



165,049 
3,800 



875 
15,000 



253,330 
600 



Items. 



Scows 

Apparatus: 

Vessel fisheries, trawl 

lines 

Shore fisheries, trawl 

lines 

Cash capital 

Shore and accessory property 



Total . 



Number. 



o Outfit included. 



Value. 



$7,600 



22,080 

15.S70 
52,500 
252,200 



1,258,004 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 45 

Products of the Southeast Alaska Halibut Fisheries in 1910. 



Products. 


Round 
weights. 


Dressed 
weights. 


Value. 


Vessel catch: 

Halibut, fresh 


Pounds. 
18,251,519 
2,343,644 
66,560 


Pounds. 
14,601,215 
1,876,915 
49,920 


$702, 245 




69,871 




2,259 






Total 


20,661,723 


16,528,050 


774,375 




Shore catch: 


786,482 
123,481 

7.3.;:; 

270 


645, 186 
98,785 

5, 500 
200 


29,669 
3,677 






275 




14 






Total 


917, 566 


749,671 


33,635 








21,579,289 


17,277,721 


808,010 





In Central Alaska 51,000 pounds, valued at $2,040, was marketed 
in addition to above. 

PUGET SOUND FISHING FLEET. 

A fleet of Puget Sound power vessels visits southeast Alaska during 
the months from October to March, when, owing to stormy weather 
and a scarcity of fish, it is not safe nor profitable to visit the banks 
near the home ports. This fleet makes its headquarters mainly at 
Petersburg, at the head of Wrangell Narrows, shipping the catch home 
from Scow Bay, near by, via the regular steamship lines. A few 
rendezvous at Ketchikan and Juneau. This fleet was composed of 
60 vessels, valued at $782,230, employed 1,800 men, and used trawls 
valued at $70,850. As a result of its operations in Alaska the fleet 
(with the exception of the steamers) caught and shipped 3,531,644 
dressed pounds (the round weight of this catch or the weight of the 
fishes taken from the water was approximately 4,414,555 pounds), 
valued at $158,260. The steamers carry their own catches to the 
Sound ports and these have not been included in the above amount. 
During the summer months most of this fleet fishes on the Flattery 
Banks off the State of Washington, or else off the British Columbia 
coast. 

THE HERRING FISHERY. 

ABUNDANCE OF FISH. 

At times herring are quite abundant along the coasts of southeast, 
central, and western Alaska. At Captains Harbor, on Unalaska 
Island, they appear twice each year, in July and September. Resi- 
dents of Port Heiden, in Bering Sea, report that large schools visit 
that bay in the spring and fall, and there is said to be a large annual 
run at Atka Island. Herring are quite abundant in Port Clarence 
also, and some fishermen located at Grantley Harbor, near the head of 



46 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

this bay, have been salting on a small scale during the past three or 
four years and selling the fish at Nome and the various settlements 
in that section of Alaska. The schools generally visit Cook Inlet, in 
central Alaska, from July to October, and these fish are the largest 
and finest found in Alaskan waters. In southeast Alaska herring 
are found in varying abundance in almost every bay, strait, and sound. 
According to the best information obtainable, the herring in south- 
east Alaska begin to spawn during April or May and continue in some 
localities as late as July 1. Immediately after spawning the fish 
school in great abundance out in deep water, especially in Frederick 
Sound and the southern end of Stephens Passage, and then reenter 
the ba3^s for the purpose of feeding. During July and August they 
are filled with red feed (certain species of small crustaceans) which 
makes them very difficult to cure. In September and October 
apparently they change their food, for the red feed is not then notice- 
able in their stomachs, and at this time they are in their prime. The 
runs are usually composed of mixed sizes, although in early summer 
there are said to be numerous bays where all the herring will be of 
small size. In western Alaska, according to Nelson, the hening 
spawn in the neighborhood of St. Michael in June. 

At this time these fish form a continuous line along the beach, passing from south 
to north in unbroken succession, spawning on the seaweeds and rocks from above 
low-tide mark to a fathom below it. They enter all the inner bays and swarm about 
every reef and rocky point. The water boils with them along shore as they struggle 
about in a dense mass among the short seaweed in spawning, and they can be easily 
caught in one's hands. The females move slowly among the weeds, and press in the 
midst of them, depositing their eggs, which adhere to whatever they come in contact 
with, by means of a gummy secretion with which they are coated. Thrusting my 
hand under water for a half minute was sufficient for it to be covered with eggs.° 

In southeast Alaska during the spawning season, the natives place 
spruce boughs in the water, and after the eggs have adhered, remove 
the boughs and dry the eggs in the sun, using them later as food. In 
this way many thousands of eggs are destroyed each season. This 
practice should be prohibited by law. 

USES FOR FOOD AND BAIT. 

Unfortunately, but little commercial use is made of herring as a 
food fish in central, western, and arctic Alaska. In 1907 a herring 
saltery was established on Simeonof Island, one of the Shumagin 
group, in central Alaska. Owing to the low prices realized for the 
prepared product, and the high cost of transportation, the plant was 
closed down in 1908 and 1909, but it was reopened this year. A small 
quantity is marketed fresh, but the great bulk of the catch is made 
by the Indians, who consume the fish, either fresh or after being dried. 

a Report upon Natural TTistory Collections made in Alaska between the years 1877 and 1881, by Edward 
"W. Nelson, p. 320-21 (1SS7). 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 47 

In southeast Alaska the fishery has attained to considerable promi- 
nence. Here herring are sold fresh and salted for food; but the prin- 
cipal use is as bait in the halibut and king salmon fisheries and as fer- 
tilizer and oil. In baiting, fresh herring are used whenever possible; 
but when the fisherman has to hold them for a few days the herring 
are usually dumped round into a barrel with enough salt to preserve 
them until needed. There is also a demand from the States for the 
larger herring for smoking purposes, and each season a few dressed 
and rolled in salt are packed in halibut boxes holding about 500 
pounds, and shipped. 

Several inquiries were received this year from Seattle and San Fran- 
cisco brokers and commission men in regard to supplying salted her- 
ring for the China trade, and it is to be hoped that some business in 
this line wall eventuate. 

Each season there are many complaints from the halibut fisher- 
men as to the scarcity of herring and the heavy loss sustained through 
the boats being tied up for days at a time owing to the lack of bait. 
The question of a constant and abundant supply of bait is, in fact, the 
most serious problem confronting the halibut fishermen. During the 
summer months halibut fishing is carried on in a desultory manner; 
but about the middle of September the fleet from Puget Sound arrives, 
and this, joined with the local fleets, soon causes a tremendous demand 
for herring, which is the only bait used in the fishery to any extent. 
The matter is still further complicated by the erratic behavior of the 
herring itself, which may appear in countless numbers in a certain bay 
one year, while the next year there may not be one. 

The most feasible method for overcoming this handicap would be 
by the establishment of small freezers at Wrangell, Scow Bay or 
Petersburg; Juneau, and Hoonah, where herring could be received 
from the fishermen during the summer and early fall, when most 
abundant, and frozen and stored away until needed in the late fall 
and winter. The New England Fish Co., at its Ketchikan plant, 
freezes a large quantity of herring each year, which it supplies to its 
own steamers and to the smaller vessels which deliver their catches 
of halibut at its plant. 

THE FERTILIZER QUESTION. 

The use of herring in the manufacture of fertilizer and oil as con- 
flicting with its use by man directly as a food and bait fish, and indi- 
rectly through the dependence of the valuable king salmon fishery 
upon it as food material, gives rise to a somewhat puzzling question 
of right and administrative policy. The present fisheries law does 



48 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

not prohibit such use of food fishes, and there is now one plant- 
that of the Alaska Oil & Guano Co., at Killisnoo, in southeast Alaska — ■ 
engaged in the industry. This year this plant caught 59,000 barrels 
of herring, with an aggregate weight, roughly, of 11,800,000 pounds. 
Of these all but 130 barrels, which were pickled for use as bait, were 
converted into fertilizer and oil. 

It is easy to conceive of commercial uses to which fishes are put 
which take precedence over other uses with respect to public advan- 
tage. Thus the manufacture of fertilizer and oil from fishes is a 
lower use, inferior to the business of preparing food products from 
fishes, or even to their use as bait for food fishes. Thus the men- 
haden ranks lower than the herring. Such a view in part grows out 
of the fact that these fertilizer and oil products, quite legitimate in 
themselves, do not depend entirely on fishes for their raw material. 
Furthermore even fish fertilizer and fish oil do not depend upon the 
herring, for various nonedible fishes, as the menhaden, are available. 
The general view of a higher use denoted by the appropriation of 
fishes for human food has widely obtained and is evidenced by various 
legislation prohibiting the lower use where it has conflicted with the 
higher. The dependence of a highly prized food fish and a correspond- 
ingly valuable fishery upon another fish as food for the former, as in 
the case of the king salmon upon the herring, may be classed with 
the higher uses. This in fact is one of the most important aspects 
of the value of the herring fishery, if not its chief use. An important 
food of the king salmon is herring, and as the catching of king salmon 
by trolling now forms one of the most important and profitable of 
the fisheries of southeast Alaska, no condition that adversely affects 
it in a material degree should exist unless hj the justification of a par- 
amount right and importance. 

In the absence of a material higher use the manufacture of the 
lower products is to be commended, in so far as it causes no depletion, 
as making a legitimate use of fishes which would otherwise go to 
waste. Certainly were there no other demand for the herring, such 
a use should be encouraged. The king salmon of course makes a 
continual demand upon it, and the king salmon fishery is a perma- 
nent one. Even the satisfaction of this demand might perhaps leave 
a margin of the natural increase of herring for other uses. 

Other things being equal it is of course the operation of the law 
of supply and demand which will determine what use shall be made 
of commercial fishes, the product being prepared for sale in the high- 
est imarket. Under such circumstances the matter of use might be 
left to competition which would exploit the fishery for its most 
profitable end. Perhaps no such legitimate use could be regarded as 
indefensible, though lower from some standpoints, but without 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 49 

discussing this question it may suffice to point out that equality of 
conditions in practice soon ceases to exist, as is the case with the 
present herring fishery in Alaska. An established industry with 
plants and special machinery might continue a less profitable use 
on account of its possession of facilities and the loss involved in 
change or abandonment, and make thereby serious inroads upon 
a supply which would otherwise actually be taken for food uses. It 
would then seem the part of justice to prohibit the lower use after 
such time or under such conditions as would secure the interdicted 
industry from serious loss. 

The practice evidently has been, with the approval of public 
sentiment concerned, to make legislative choice as between material 
conflicting uses on the general grounds of higher and lower uses, as 
already discussed. In the concrete instance of the Alaska herring 
fishery, although some demand an immediate ban on its manufacture 
into fertilizer and oil, it is not clear that a material conflict of interests 
exists. As a matter of fact, owing to distance from market, high 
freights, and the necessity for competing with the British Columbia 
and Puget Sound packers, the Alaskan herring has not made its way 
to any great extent as a food fish. As bait for the halibut fishery it is 
in great demand, but when most needed the herring run is usually 
small, and the salted herring, while used, is inferior as bait. Both 
the food and bait uses combined consumed only about 20 per cent 
of the take in 1910, a season of abundance of herring. The rest 
was manufactured into fertilizer and oil. Certainly an exigent 
demand for herring for other purposes could have been met to a larger 
extent from the large run of the current season. 

It is for the future rather than the present that it is desirable to 
take action looking toward the end of the use of herring as the raw 
material for fertilizer and oil. It is safe to assume that all the uses 
of the herring are destined to increase, and therefore at some future 
time a conflict of uses is probably inevitable. There is but one 
establishment engaged in the fertilizer and oil industry in Alaska. 
To prevent extensions of the business and provide for its termina- 
tion without injury to existing interests it is only necessary to pro- 
hibit it by legislation effective at a future date, allowing ample time 
for the present concern to wind up its affairs. The Bureau has already 
through the Department recommended to Congress an early tenta- 
tive date, in part for the sake of eliciting the facts on which to base 
a reasonable interim. Evidence has been taken on both sides of the 
question and a common ground reached for a settlement of the 
question which is believed to be just for all concerned. It is main- 
tained and conceded that the continuance of the herring fertilizer 
and oil industry is likely to become inconsistent with public policy 



50 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



respecting the fisheries. The Department on the other hand is 
inclined to allow a liberal term before any prohibition upon the 
industry shall become effective, and upon the fixing of this term the 
question may be said to pend. A few years' delay in the inaugura- 
tion of this change, intended to hold indefinitely, is a matter of little 
moment to the fisheries, but of imminent importance to the industry. 

STATISTICS. 

The following tables show the condition of the herring industry 
in 1910: 

Persons Engaged est the Alaska Herring Fisheries in 1910. 



Occupation and race. 


Southeast 

Alaska. 


Central 
Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishermen: 

Vessel fisheries — 

Whites 


59 
4 
4 




69 






4 






4 








Total 


67 




67 








Shore fisheries — 

Whites 


30 
5 


9 


39 


Indians 


5 








Total 


35 


9 


44 






Shoresmen: 

Whitrs 


35 

31 

6 


2 
2 


37 




33 




6 








Total 


72 


4 


76 






Grand total 


174 


13 


187 







Investment in the Alaska Herring Fisheries in 1910. 



Items. 


Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


Total. 


Fishing vessels: 

Steamers and launches 


No. 
5 
182 


Value. 
$32,300 


No. 


Value. 


No. 
5 
182 


Value. 
832,300 


Tonnage 






Outfit 


12,000 
10,000 
2,470 
2,100 

3,995 

75 

1,495 

500 

80,000 
50,800 






12,000 
o 11,200 




6 
42 
4 

10 

1 
9 
1 


1 
4 
1 


81,200 
400 
300 


7 
46 
5 

10 

4 

9 
1 




2, 870 




2,400 
3,995 


Apparatus: 

Vessel fisheries — 


Shore fisheries — 


3 


400 


475 




1,495 
500 


Gill nets 










2,000 
5,000 


82,000 






55,800 






* Total 




195,735 




9,300 I 


205,035 







i Includes outfit. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 
Products of the Alaska Herring Fisheries in 1910. 



51 



Products. 


Southeast Alaska. 


Central Alaska. 


Total. 


Herring, fresh, for food 


.pounds.. 


Quantity. 


Value. 


Quantity. 
10,000 


Value. 
$300 


Quantity. 

10,000 

574,:joJ 

522, 500 

1 , 195 

1,906 

45,600 

1.000 

2,617.000 

277,000 


Value. 

$300 


Herring, frozen, for bait... 


do.... 
do.... 

..barrels.. 

do.... 
.pounds.. 
I. ..do.... 

do.... 
gallons.. 


574,:;v.' 

522, 500 

979 

1.906 

45, 600 

1,000 

2,617,000 

277,000 


5.225 
9,056 
3,199 
954 
100 
40, 000 
55,000 


5,203 
5,225 


Herring, pickled, for food. 
Herring, pickled, lor bait. 


216 


1,728 


10, 784 
3,199 


Herring, salted, for food... 






954 


Herriug eggs, dried, for foo 






100 








40, 000 


Herring oil 






50, 000 










Total 




113,737 




2,028 




115. 7G5 













FERTILIZER AND OILS. 

The only plant operated this year for the preparation of fertilizer 
and oil from fish was that of the Alaska Oil & Guano Co. at Killisnoo, 
in southeast Alaska. During the fishing season the company's ves- 
sels caught 59,000 barrels of herring, as compared with 52,000 barrels 
of herring and 3,846 barrels of salmon in 1909. 

The Revilla Reduction Works have constructed a plant for the 
treatment of dogfish and mud shark livers at Ketchikan, in southeast 
Alaska. While the plant is primarily for the extraction of oil from the 
livers, it is also hoped by the owners to be able to dry-salt the flesh 
for shipment as food to China and Japan, and to dry the skins for 
sale. Unfortunately the flesh so far treated has turned yellow and 
brown, and until this fault can be corrected it will be of little value. 
The plant was completed so late in the season that practically nothing 
was done this year. 

THE CRAB FISHERY. 

As stated in previous reports, crabs are exceedingly abundant in 
nearly every section of Alaska, but it is only in southeast Alaska that 
they are put to any considerable commercial use, many being con- 
sumed locally, while large numbers are shipped to the Puget Sound 
markets, and a few to points in the Northwest Territory, Canada. 

The principal shipping places are Petersburg and Wrangell, and 
the fishermen from here crab on the flats in Dry Straits, opposite Ideal 
Cove, and at Scow Bay, in Wrangell Narrows. They use a rectangular 
pot of wooden framework, about 40 inches long, 18 inches high, and 
30 inches wide, with 3|-inch stretch mesh net covering. The tun- 
nels, of which there is one at each end, are 7 inches in width and 5 
inches in height. These pots cost about $3 each. 

The pots are set on trawls, about 25 or 30 to a trawl. Each is 
attached to a gangion about 5 fathoms long, thus permitting the 
raising and emptying of the pot without bringing to the surface the 
trawl itself. The trawls are marked by buoys and held by anchors. 



52 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

On some of the trawls baited hooks are placed between the gangions 
for the purpose of catching bait for the pots. All sorts of fish, clams, 
etc., are used as bait. 

When fishing the pots the fishermen throw back into the water acil 
crabs under 6 inches in width, measured the broad way of the back, all 
females, and the soft-shell ones, the latter because there is usually very 
little meat in them. 

At first the crabs shipped out of the district were packed alive in 
seaweed, but so many died on the way or arrived in bad condition 
that now all are boiled before being shipped. The shippers classify 
them as follows: Large, 7 inches and over; medium, 6£ to 7 inches; 
and small, 6 to 6£ inches. The prepared crabs are packed in boxes 
holding between 12 and 14 dozen each, and are set on their bottoms 
in three tiers with layers of ice at the bottom, between each tier, and at 
the top. The freight to Seattle is $7.50 per measured ton, which 
would include 35 dozens of crabs. 

There is ample room for a large development of this industry, both 
in canning and marketing fresh, and it is probable this will take place 
as soon as knowledge of the abundant supplies to be had in Alaska 
becomes more general. 

THE WHALE FISHERY. 

The only shore whaling station in the United States where all the 
parts of a whale are utilized is at Tyee, at the lower end of Admiralty 
Island, in southeast Alaska, and this plant was operated more vig- 
orously than ever this year. In addition to the steamer Tyee, 
Junior, and the gasoline schooner Lizzie S. Sorrenson, which com- 
posed the fleet in 1909, the steamer Fearless (85 net tons) was fitted 
out this year. In order to permit the fleet to operate more freely in 
the open ocean, where most of the whales are now killed, the bark 
Diamond Head, loaded with supplies of coal, gasoline, provisions, etc., 
was anchored in a convenient bay, to which the fleet could resort when 
in need and thus save the long trip to the station except when neces- 
sary to tow the catch there. 

The Lizzie S. Sorrenson early in the season met a most unusual fate. 
As she was cruising around in the ocean about 8 miles southwest of 
Cape Addington the evening of May 10 a whale was sighted. She 
was cautiously worked to within gunshot and a harpoon driven into 
the animal. The weapon failed to reach a vital spot, and the whale 
made off at a terrific rate, but finding its progress checked it suddenly 
turned and charged directly at the vessel. Unavailing efforts were 
made by the crew to work the ship out of the way of the infuriated 
creature, and the whale, striking her a terrific blow in the stern, 
knocked out a portion of the bottom. Efforts made to plug the hole 
were without success, and as the pumps did not suffice, the crew took 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 53 

to their boats and the vessel soon sank. Two days later the ship- 
wrecked crew was picked up by the whaler Fearless. 

The station fleet secured 146 whales, of which 6 were sperm whales 
and one a right whale. As the sperm and right whales produce more 
valuable by-products than the ordinary whales secured here, the 
financial return this year was better than in previous seasons. Since 
the fleet began fishing in the open ocean, moreover, a greater number 
of sulphur-bottom whales, which are the largest, have been secured, 
thus adding materially to the output of the station with but slight 
addition to the cost of operating in the interior waters. It is probable 
that the plant will be removed to a spot nearer the present scene of 
operations in order to eliminate the time and expense now necessary 
in order to get the killed whales from the grounds to the station. 

There are a number of shore whaling stations along the Arctic 
shores of Alaska, at Cape Smythe, Point Hope, and Point Barrow. 
These stations are quite different affairs from the shore whaling 
station at Tyee, in southeast Alaska, being virtually trading stations 
which, in addition to their regular mercantile business, 'furnish the 
capital to outfit Eskimos who wish to hunt whales in the ocean close 
to shore. When a whale is killed the whalebone is removed and sold 
to the trader, while the natives eat or preserve as food as much of the 
blubber and flesh as they feel will be required to support them through 
the long winter. At Cape Smythe there are about 19 boats whaling, 
at Point Hope about 22, and at Point Barrow about 36 boats. The 
crews average about 8 men to a boat and the darting gun is quite 
generally used. The season lasts about 2 months, and comprises a 
part of April, all of May, and a part of June. The bone shipped out 
from these stations appears in the statistical tables. 

Owing to the glut in the whalebone market, but few of the Arctic 
fleet operated this year. The fleet comprised the following : Steamer 
Herman (229 net tons), steamer Karluk (247 net tons), brigantine 
Jeanette (217 net tons), schooner Rosie H. (69 net tons) which went 
north in 1908, gasoline schooner Conjianza (84 net tons), and the 
schooner Lettitia (233 net tons). The gasoline schooner Olga (43 net 
tons) sailed north in 1908 and was wrecked in the Arctic late in 1909, 
the news not coming out until this year. While whales were plentiful 
they were excessively shy and hard to approach. The fleet secured 
27 whales, the Karluk alone taking 21, which however, represents 
two seasons' work on the part of the Karluk, she having spent the 
winter of 1909-10 in the North. 

FURS. 

Except in the case of fur seals and sea otters, no effort has hereto- 
fore been made to conserve the supply of fur-bearing animals of the 
district, but "An act to protect the seal fisheries of Alaska, and for 
59395°— 11 22 



54 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 



other purposes," approved April 21, 1910, consigns these resources 
to the charge of the Department of Commerce and Labor. 

In accordance with section 4 of this law a set of regulations have 
been promulgated by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, as given 
in full in the appendix to this report (p. 71). 

The following table shows the number and value of furs of all 
kinds shipped from Alaska in 1910: 

Shipment of furs from Alaska in 1910. 



Products. 



Southeast Alaska. 



Central Alaska. 



Western Alaska. 



Total. 



Bear, black 

Bear, black, stuffed 

Bear cubs, black, alive. 

Bear, black, skulls 

Bear, blue 

Bear, brown 

Bear, brown, skulls 

Bear, glacier 

Bear, grizzly 

Bear, polar 

Bear castors 

Bear galls 

Beaver 

Beaver castors 

Coyote 

Ermine 

Fox, black 

Fox, blue 

Fox, blue, live 

Fox, cross 

Fox, grey 

Fox, red 

Fox, silver 

Fox, silver grey 

Fox, white 

Hares, arctic 

Lynx 

Marten 

Mink 

Muskrat 

Otter, land 

Otter, sea 

Otter pups, sea 

Rabbit 

Seal, fur 

Seal ; unborn pup fur. . . 

Squirrel 

Weasel 

Wolf 

Wolverine 



No. 
478 
1 



694 
1 
2 



4 

182 

403 

4,230 

12, 738 

493 

3 



138 



Total. 



Value. 

$4,935 

20 



No. 

326 



105 
30 
150 



1,922 



447 

450 

60 



1,221 



20 
'370' 



492 

5 

156 

1 

3,714 

50 

56 

13 



4 
3,541 
4,294 
22,081 
5,086 
5,213 
600 



85 

462 

2,534 

4,479 

447 

24 

1 



4,207 



5 
24 
281 
175 



180 

62 

5 

75 



54,095 



Value. 
$3,085 



No. 
532 



125 



50 

1,285 
20 
20 



2 

2,763 

59 



1,026 



997 



14, 730 

175 

1,007 

100 

30, 084 

8, 650 

3,680 

120 



11 

1,682 

1 

660 



199 



5,618 

3 

57 

1,989 



1,856 
3,738 
10, 138 
917 
4,493 
5,900 
5 



39 
31 
40 
397 



782 

4,702 

16,974 

206, 676 

921 

4 

2 

4 

» 14, 246 

cl21 

9 

11 

16 

7 



94, 506 



Value. 
$3,821 



200 
15 



115 

2,648 

65 



No. 
1,336 
1 
6 
1 
2 

33 
5 
4 
6 

56 



5,883 

160 

6 

1,477 
250 

5,636 



2,002 



1,822 



38,6S8 

390 

4,019 

20,443 



18, 685 

41,319 

76,369 

69,l'45 

8,843 

720 

32 

4 

468,042 

12 

2 

15 

86 

42 



11 

3,597 

2 

1,154 

5 

357 

1 

9,370 

53 

113 

2,002 

4 

1,049 

5,567 

23, 738 

223, 893 

1,861 

31 

3 

4 

14,384 

121 

209 

109 

78 

110 



769, 024 



Value. 

$11,841 

20 

135 

10 

50 

1, 560 

35 

125 

145 

2,798 

65 

2 

10,568 

219 

6 

2,921 

700 

20, 426 

175 

2,849 

100 

69, 142 

9,040 

7,699 

20,563 

4 

24,082 

49,351 

108, 588 

75, 248 

18. 549 

7,170 

37 

4 

472, 249 

12 

46 

70 

407 

614 



917,625 



a This table does not take into account the shipments of furs by mail nor of those carried out among 
the personal effects of passengers. 

6 Of these 660 skins were from seized Japanese schooners and were sold by the United States marshal for 
$23,100. 

e These were also from the above seized Japanese schooners and were sold by the United States marshal. 

AQUATIC FURS. 
BEAVER. 



This is the most valuable fur-bearing aquatic animal found in the 
interior waters of Alaska, and has been hunted with such vigor that 
its ultimate extinction seems to be now but a question of a few years. 
The range of this animal covers all of the mainland of Alaska, except- 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 55 

ing only the belt of barren-coast country bordering the Arctic Ocean 
from Point Hope north and. east to the Canadian line. It is also 
found on a few of the islands in southeast Alaska, and generally 
in the lakes and streams of the interior, avoiding the large rivers, 
owing to the great change in level likely to occur at different sea- 
sons. During the last three years a considerable proportion of 
the supply has come from the Kuskokwim and Yukon Valleys. The 
natives catch beavers in steel traps set at a frequented spot or shoot 
them from a concealed place near the beaver house or dam. 

Castoreum, an oily odorous compound secreted by the preputial 
glands of the animal, also the dried preputial follicles and their con- 
tents, are sometimes prepared and find a sale in China, where they 
occupy a place in the pharmacopoeia. 

In 1905, 1,935 skins; in 1906, 1,536; 1907, 1,159; 1908, 1,280; 
1909, 2,323, and in 1910, 2,002 skins were secured. 

MUSKRAT. 

This animal is found on the mainland, except along the extreme 
northern coast line, wherever bogs and ponds or running water occur; 
it is also found upon Nunivak and St. Michaels Islands. The Kus- 
kokwim and Yukon Valleys, especially the former, furnish the vast 
majority of the output. The natives also use a large number each 
year for clothing and in barter with other native tribes. The value 
of muskrat has been steadily increasing during the last three years 
and as a result the animal has been hunted more vigorously each 
season. In 1905, 12,599 skins, valued at $1,192; in 1906, 3,611 skins, 
valued at $302; in 1907, 6,481 skins, valued at $498; in 1908, 31,712 
skins, valued at $6,257; in 1909, 121,568 skins, valued at $34,074, 
while in 1910, 223,893 skins, valued at $75,248, were secured and 
shipped from the district. This takes no account of the local trade 
in skins between the different tribes. 

LAND OTTER. 

This species is widely distributed in Alaska, being found on nearly 
every part of the mainland. It also occurs on many of the islands. 
A steel trap is generally used in capturing the animals. The supply 
of land otter skins is fairly constant from year to year. 

SEA OTTER. 

But two vessels, the schooner Everett Hays, owned by Mr. Samuel 
Applegate, of Unalaska, and the schooner Elvira (formerly the Japan- 
ese sealing schooner Kinsei Maru), owned by Mr. Fred Schroeder of 
Dutch Harbor, fitted out for sea-otter hunting in 1910. The hunting 
is generally carried on between Chirikof and Tugidak Islands (the 



56 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

latter one of the Trinity Islands) in central Alaska, and the season is 
from about May 15 to September 1, depending largely upon the state 
of the weather. This year the weather was very rough and as a 
result there were only about four days of actual hunting throughout 
the whole season. The Everett Hays secured 4 skins, while the 
Elvira took 12, a total of 16. 

A few natives living at Kayak this year hunted for sea otter off 
Cape St. Elias and on June 7 shot two and on June 15 one. These 
skins were sold at the near-by town of Katalla. 

Mr. Nils Christensen, of Cold Bay, on the Alaska Peninsula, hunts 
sea otters in winter along the reefs offshore, but secured nothing last 
winter. The same was true of Mr. Charles Rosenberg, who patrols 
a stretch of some 30 miles of beach on the Bering Sea side of Uni- 
mak Island on the lookout for dead sea otter winch may be washed 
ashore. 

Tins summer a native killed a sea otter near the Naknek River in 
Bristol Bay, where they are very rarely to be found. One was also 
killed in the neighborhood of Unga Island in central Alaska. 

The Canadian sealing fleet again- devoted a considerable part of 
its energies to the hunting of sea otter off Chirikof Island. The 
schooner Thos. F. Bayard secured two, while the Pescawha secured 
seven. 

Several vessels from the Japanese sealing fleet also engaged in sea 
otter hunting, but with what success we are unable to state, owing 
to their secretiveness in such matters. 

FUR SEAL. 

The only place on the coast of Alaska which maintains a fur-seal 
fishery is Sitka. In April and May the herd passes Baranof Island, 
on which Sitka is located, on its way to the Pribilof Islands in Bering 
Sea, to breed. About the middle of April the native hunters, who 
are the only persons permitted to engage in the work, with their 
families, leave for the hunting grounds and establish their camps on 
Tava, Wrangell, and Biorka Islands, small islands a few miles from 
Sitka. 

This year 10 boat parties had their headquarters on Biorka Island, 
four on Wrangell Island, and 18 on Tava Island. Each boat party 
is composed of from 3 to 5 men, and these use sailboats costing 
about $130 each. Repeating shotguns, costing from $25 to $35 each, 
are the only weapons used. The hunting is done in the open ocean, 
and the boats from the various camps cover an area of from 35 to 50 
miles directly out from shore and about the same distance up and 
down the coast. Good weather is essential, and in 1910 the natives 
were unfortunate, bad weather being frequent, with the result that 
the catch was very small. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 57 

This year 135 skins were taken and sold at a price aggregating 
$4,117 (price paid the hunters and not the London price). In num- 
bers this is a big decrease from last year, when the natives secured 
396 skins. Prices received for the skins averaged much higher than 
in 1909, when $18.60 was received per skin, as compared with $30.50 
this year. 

The Biorka Island parties secured 50 skins, the Wrangell Island 
parties 13, and the Tava Island parties 72. The largest number 
secured by any one boat was 8. 

In outfitting these boats the hunter, who is head man, furnishes the 
boat and gun, while the rowers furnish the ammunition and food. 
The gross proceeds arising from the sale of the skins taken are divided 
equally among the crew, with the exception of the hunter, who gets 
$3 or $4 more than the others. 

The hunting parties return to Sitka the latter part of May. A 
committee of two is then appointed to supervise the sale of the skins, 
which usually takes place on a date between June 1 and 5, when the 
buyers from the States have reached Sitka. On sale day the skins 
are all brought to one house, where they are sorted into three sizes — 
"small," "medium," and "large" — care being taken to keep each 
boat's catch separate from the others. The "small" skins are 
those of the pups born during the previous two years. The ' ' medium" 
skins are said to have the best fur, but the buyers prefer the "large" 
ones on account of their size. The buyers are not allowed to pick 
out the choice skins and bid on these alone, but must take them as 
they run, the subdivision in the beginning being made merely in 
order that the buyers may see what they are bidding on. 

These skins are usually much sought after by the dealers, because, 
being taken by the natives, and a certificate from the collector of 
customs to this effect being attached to the catch, they can, under the 
law, be sent abroad to be cleaned and dyed and brought back to be 
sold in our markets. The possession of such a certificate is con- 
sidered to add about $10 to the value of the skin. 

The Japanese schooners were again troublesome. During bad 
weather, when the natives could not go out with their small boats, 
the schooners came in close, and then when the good weather came 
they would work out just ahead of the native boats and pick up most 
of the seals. 

The Japanese sealing schooner Raise Maru, which was seized on 
May 3, 1909, by the deputy marshal at Sitka, is still at that place. 
The crew were charged with killing seals within the 3-mile limit, and 
also landing on certain islands near by. They were tried at Juneau 
in September of the same year and acquitted, but the owners failed 
to resume possession of their vessel after their release. 



58 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

In 1909 revenue cutters seized the Japanese sealing schooners 
Saikai Maru and Kinsei Maru, and charged them with sealing within 
the 3-mile limit of the Pribilof Islands. The captured vessels were 
taken to Unalaska and later the officers and men were carried to 
Valdez, where all were tried and convicted at the November term of 
court. Condemnation proceedings against the vessels were insti- 
tuted, and on April 18 of tins year the deputy marshal at Unalaska 
sold the vessels with their stores and equipment, the Kinsei Maru 
bringing $4,600 and the Saikai Maru $321.50. When seized the 
schooners had 660 seal skins, and these sold for $21,780. The vessels 
were purchased by Mr. Fred Shroeder, of Dutch Harbor, who renamed 
the Kinsei Maru the Elvira, and outfitted and sent her out this year 
on a sea-otter cruise. The skins sold have been included in the 
statistical tables of this report. 

This year the Treasury Department adopted the policy of permit- 
ting sealing vessels to take on merely enough water to carry them to 
the nearest United States port, or if homeward bound, to take them 
home. Heretofore the vessels have taken aboard water whenever 
and wherever they pleased, thus being enabled to extend their cruise 
indefinitely. Several sealing vessels which visited ports in southeast 
and central Alaska were affected by this rule. Under the law no 
resident of the United States is permitted to furnish supplies to a 
sealer at any time. 

The lease of the North American Commercial Co. of the Pribilof 
Islands expired this year, and the Government, through this Depart- 
ment, took possession of the islands. From St. Paul Island 10,754 
skins were shipped, while St. George shipped 2,834, a total of 13,586. 

MISCELLANEOUS AQUATIC MAMMALS. 

HAIR SEALS. 

These animals are to be found all along the coast of Alaska, occur- 
ring- in places in almost countless numbers. While they form a very 
insignificant part of the commerce in which the white traders par- 
ticipate, owing to the fact that their fur is worthless, they are of 
immense value to the natives, for from the flesh and oil is secured a 
considerable part of the winter food, while the skins are highly prized 
for covering the kayaks and umiaks, and for boot soles, trousers, 
mittens, clothing bags, and caps, and when cut into strips make a 
very strong and durable cord. The coast natives also barter the 
flesh, oil, and skins with the interior tribes for reindeer hides and furs, 
thus creating a very important branch of trade of which it is impos- 
sible to form an accurate idea, owing to the inaccessibility of most of 
the tribes and the secrecy they observe when discussing such matters 
with white men. 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 59 

WALRUSES. 

This animal, which is not found south of the Bering Sea shore of 
the Aleutian chain, was at one time very numerous north of there, 
and the hunting of it and the seal formed the principal occupation 
of the Eskimos during the summer. It goes north as the ice breaks 
up in the spring and returns again in the fall, stopping but a short 
time at any spot and keeping close to the ice pack all this time. 

While the hunting was carried on solely by the natives the herd 
suffered no appreciable diminution, but in 1868 the whalers began 
to turn their attention to walrus catching with serious results to the 
natives, as set forth in a former report. 

To many of the Eskimos, especially on the Arctic shore, the walrus is almost a 
necessity of life, and the devastation wrought amongst the herds by the whalers has 
been, and is yet, the cause of fearful suffering and death to many of the natives. The 
flesh is food for man and dogs; the oil is used for food and for lighting and heating the 
houses; the skin, when tanned and oiled, makes a durable cover for the large skin 
boats; the intestines make waterproof clothing, window covers, and floats; the tuska 
are used for lance or spear points or are carved into a great variety of useful and orna- 
mental objects, and the bones are used to make heads for spears and for other purposes. 

During the first part of every season there is but little opportunity to capture whales, 
they being within the limits of the icy barrier. As a result much of the whalers' time 
during July and August was devoted to capturing walruses. Men would be landed on 
the shore in June and left to watch for the animals to haul up on the beach at certain 
points. The walrus must either come ashore or get on the ice, and when a herd is 
well ashore one or two old bulls are generally left on watch. The best shot among the 
hunters now creeps up, and by a successful rifle shot or two kills the guard. Owing 
to their very defective hearing the noise made by the rifle does not awaken them. 
The gun is then put aside and each hunter, armed with a sharp ax, approaches the 
sleeping animals and cuts the spines of as many of them as possible before the others 
become alarmed and stampede for the water and escape. 

The natives hunt the walrus in kayaks, with ivory-pointed spears 
and sealskin line and floats. When the animal is exhausted by its 
efforts to escape, the hunters draw near and give the death stroke 
with a lance. 

In 1908 Congress passed an act for the protection of game in Alaska, 
and in this the killing of walrus north of latitude 62° was permitted 
only from August 1 to December 10, both inclusive, while no one per- 
son was permitted to kill more than one. 

This year new regulations were promulgated by the Department of 
Agriculture, and in these the open season for walruses in Bering Sea 
and Strait north of the Kuskokwim River is from May 1 to July 1, 
while all killing in Bristol Bay and Bering Sea south of the Kuskok- 
wim River is prohibited until 1912. 

As the natives are permitted to kill the walrus for food and cloth- 
ing at any time when in need of food, the object of the law, which is 

a The Commercial Fisheries of Alaska in 1905. By John N. Cobb, Bureau of Fisheries Document 603, 
p. 35, 1906. 



60 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 



to prevent the indiscriminate killing by whites, is accomplished, and 
very few of the animals are now killed except by the few sportsmen 
who visit the Bering Sea district in summer. This year's reports 
indicate that walruses are increasing. The inspector of fisheries for 
Alaska saw a large number on the ice in Bristol Bay in May, while 
the master of the trading schooner Helen Johnston claims to have 
encountered in Bering Strait, near the Diomede Islands, on July 5 a 
large herd of swimming walruses which covered several acres of water. 
Capt. S. F. Cottle, of the steam whaler Karluk, reports having seen 
large pods of walruses this year. 

LICENSE TAXES AND HATCHERY REBATES. 

Under the provisions of the act for the protection and regulation 
of the fisheries of Alaska (approved June 26, 1906) the packers in 
Alaska are compelled to pay license fees or taxes on their season's 
output, as noted in the table following. The collection of these license 
fees or taxes is in the hands of the clerk of the court of the judicial 
district in which the packer is operating. The law literally requires 
the packer to pay the license fee in advance, but as the fee is based 
upon the pack he makes and it would be impossible in such an uncer- 
tain industry as fishing to estimate in advance exactly the quantity 
that will be packed, it is the custom to require the operator to apply 
for a license before beginning operations and then at the end of the 
season make return of the amount due the district. 

The following table shows the quantity of taxable fishery products 
prepared, the stated license tax on the product, and the total amount 
of tax due on each. The last item is approximate, being based upon 
returns on file at this Bureau, some of which are sworn to and some 
estimated, and therefore perhaps varying somewhat from those sent 
to the clerk of the court. It is not probable, however, that the amount 
given will vary much either way from the correct amount as shown 
by the returns of the clerks : 

License Taxes on Prepared Fishery Products. 



Items. 


Unit of 
quantity. 


Quantity 
prepared. 


License tax 
per unit of 
quantity. 


Estimated 
amount of 
tax due. 




Cases 

Barrels 

Tierces a .. 
100 pounds 

Barrels 

Tons 

...do 


2,413,052* 

14,405 

3,357 

77,478 

578 

1,3081 

435 


SO. 04 
.10 
.40 
.05 
.10 
.20 
.20 


$100, 522. 08 
1,440.50 
1,342.80 








37.70 




57.80 




281. 70 




87.00 








Total 






103, 749. 58 













o As the net weight of a tierce of fish is i 
In working out the amount of tax. 



) pounds, this item is figured on a basis of 4 barrels to the tierce 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



61 



The following table shows the name of the owner, location of each 
private salmon hatchery operated during the year ending June 30, 
1910, the number of salmon (red) liberated, and the amount of rebate 
certificates due each hatchery: 

Rebates Credited to Private Salmon Hatcheries in 1910.° 



Owners. 


Location. 


Red sal- 
mon fry 
liberated. 


Rebate 
due. 


Alaska Packers Association 


Naha Stream 

Karluk Stream 

Quadra Lake 

Iletta Lake 

Klawak Lake 


40,725,000 
115,875,000 

9.850.000 
8,000,000 
5,300,000 


$16, 290 




14,350 
3,940 
3,200 
2,120 


North Pacific Trading & Packing Co 






Total 


99,750,000 


39,900 







a Some of the hatcheries did not complete their distribution of fry before July 1; those remaining will 
be counted next year. 

COMPLAINTS AND PROSECUTIONS. 

On Sunday, May 22, in Taku Inlet, southeast Alaska, the assistant 
agent discovered Henry Hoeke, S. Nelson, John Hanula, Tom Carvo, 
Abraham Lahti, Oscar Lustig, Van Oleson, and Ole Oleson fishing 
during the weekly closed season. All were brought before the United 
States commissioner at Juneau for preliminary hearing and bound 
over to the next grand jury. On October 24 all were indicted by the 
grand jury held at Ketchikan, and on the 29th of the same month all 
but Van and Ole Oleson pleaded guilty. S. Nelson and Henry Hoeke 
were fined $50 each, while the others were fined $25 each. The Oleson 
brothers elected to be tried in Juneau, and on December 10 they 
appeared in court there and pleaded guilty; sentence was deferred 
for six months. 

In October a man named Mitchell was reported by other fishermen as 
violating the weekly closed season in the Taku River. He was 
indicted by the December grand jury, but was acquitted upon his trial 
the same month. 

A visit to Tamgas Stream, a tributary of Tamgas Harbor, on the 
south end of Annette Island, in southeast Alaska, on July 25, devel- 
oped the fact that a trap was being fished in the creek in violation of 
the law. Tamgas Stream is a short and narrow stream draining a 
lake, and a run of red and other salmon annually ascends the stream. 
About 300 yards from its mouth are a succession of cascades and 
falls. In the narrowest part of the cascades a rack had been con- 
structed of poles driven into the bottom and covered with wire 
netting in such way as almost wholly to prevent salmon from passing 
up, the portion uncovered being too steep for any but the strongest 
to surmount. Just below and running parallel to the rack, and at 
right angles to the shore, was constructed a flume, with a flaring 



62 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

mouth at the outer end; at the shore end a sharp turn of the flume 
led into a square box with slat bottom and covered over with 
boughs. The fish in ascending the stream would be stopped by the 
rack and ir swimming around at the outer end many of them would 
be carried by the current into and down the flume, eventually landing 
in the receiving box at the end. 

Inquiry among the few Indians camped near the mouth of the 
stream developed the fact that a native named James, of Metlakahtla, 
who died last winter, had first constructed the trap several years ago. 
This spring his two sons, boys under 18 years of age, rebuilt the trap. 
They were ordered to remove it and did so at once. Owing to the 
youth of the offenders and other extenuating circumstances, the mat- 
ter was not presented to the United States attorney for action. 

On July 6 Mr. Nels Moen, of Wrangell, complained in regard to 
the location of the Alaska Packers Association trap in Humpback 
Bay, Bradfield Canal, and also said his partner in the operation of a 
rival trap in the same bay, Mr. Oscar Williamson, could prove that 
the association's trap had been fishing on Sunday, July 3. As soon 
as possible thereafter a visit was made to Humpback Bay, where 
an inspection of the trap showed that it was constructed and placed 
in conformity with the law. As Mr. Williamson was confident of 
having evidence enough to justify his charge that the trap had been 
operated during the weekly closed season, the matter was brought 
before the United States commissioner at Wrangell, Mr. Williamson 
making the sworn complaint. Mr. H. A. Oleson, the trap foreman, 
was arrested and brought to Wrangell for preliminary hearing. The 
evidence, however, clearly showed no intent at violating the law and 
the defendant was discharged. 

On the occasion of a visit to Sarkar Stream, on the west coast of 
Prince of Wales Island, southeast Alaska, on August 26, Mr. Fred 
Brockman was discovered fishing a gill net which had been stretched 
from bank to bank. The net had 13 coho salmon in it at the time. 
Brockman was arraigned before the United States commissioner at 
Wrangell on September 3 and by him was bound over to the next 
grand jury, which began its sessions at Ketchikan on October 24 and 
indicted the defendant on the same date. On October 24 he appeared 
in court and pleaded guilty. Owing to the defendant's physical 
condition the court imposed the small fine of $25, but gave an impres- 
sive warning that the next offender appearing in court charged with 
this serious offense would be severely dealt with. 

In the latter part of July several natives reported to the deputy 
marshal at Sitka that native fishermen were fishing within the pro- 
hibited area around the mouth of Necker Stream, which empties into 
Necker Bay, on the west coast of Baranof Island, in southeast Alaska. 
Twenty-five natives were brought in by the deputy marshal and 



FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 63 

given a hearing before the United States commissioner at Sitka, who 
discharged all of the defendants, however, for lack of evidence. 

Several complaints were made in regard to alleged illegal fishing 
by gill netters operating in Karta Bay, Prince of Wales Island, south- 
east Alaska, but diligent search failed to substantiate any of these, 
and as the nets were soon withdrawn the complaints, which had come 
from purse seiners, ceased. 

On June 25 the deputy marshal and deputy collector of customs at 
Cordova visited Eyak River and found Peny and Causa Sabella, 
fishermen employed by the Northwestern Fisheries Co. at Orca, with 
a gill net stretched from shore to shore. The net held at the time 
of the visit some 40 or 50 fish. The men were brought before the 
United States commissioner at Cordova and fined $1 and costs, 
amounting in all to $50 each. 

An evil which at present is slight, but will grow more and more 
serious as the district becomes more settled and the superabundant 
water power, which at present largely goes to waste, is harnessed and 
made to serve the purposes of the manufacturer, prospector, lumber- 
man, etc., is the building of dams in streams which the salmon fre- 
quent. By the terms of the law it is — 

unlawful to erect or maintain any dam, barricade, fence, trap, fish wheel, or other 
fixed or stationary obstruction, except for purposes of fish culture, in any of the waters 
of Alaska at any point where the distance from shore to shore is less than five hundred 
feet, * * * with the purpose or result of capturing salmon or preventing or 
impeding their ascent to their spawning grounds, and the Secretary of Commerce 
and Labor is hereby authorized and directed to have any and all such unlawful obstruc- 
tions removed or destroyed. 

In the past, builders of such obstructions have been very negli- 
gent in consulting the salmon agents in regard to the legality of their 
structures, and as a result considerable expense has been caused to 
them by their failure to observe the plain provisions of the law. 
Where some municipal or commercial benefit is to result the agents 
have been willing to meet the parties more than half way and to sup- 
ply all needful plans for the placing of fishways in such dams where 
feasible. 

PROPOSED LEGISLATION. 

At the hearings held between April 19 and May 25, before the Com- 
mittee on the Territories of the House of Representatives, on H. R. 
22579, Sixty-first Congress, second session, known as the Wickersham 
bill, in amendment of the Alaska fisheries law of June 26, 1906, repre- 
sentatives of the Bureau furnished statements and testimony bearing 
on the provisions of this bill in their relation to the fisheries. At the 
close of these hearings the following letter was transmitted by the 
Secretary of Commerce and Labor in response to a request for the 
opinion of the Department with respect to changes or additions 



64 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

desirable in the law. The proposals for legislation increase the taxes 
somewhat, and aim to extend and increase the power of the Depart- 
ment over all Alaskan fisheries save the fur seal. 

Department op Commerce and Labor, 

Office op the Secretary, 

Washington, May 25, 1910. 
Hon. E. L. Hamilton, 

Chairman Committee on the Territories, 

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. 

Sir: In reply to your letter of the 20th instant, in which you request the opinion 

of the Department with respect to changes advisable in the present Alaska fisheries 

law, after consideration of the act of June 26, 1906, section by section, the following 

recommendations are submitted: 

1. Sections 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 are satisfactory. 

2. Section 1 should be modified in accordance with the schedule already submitted 
at the hearing of May 3. This schedule is along the lines indicated by Judge Wicker- 
eham in H. R. 22579. 

3. Section 2 should remain until more adequate facilities are provided for fish- 
cultural work by the Federal Government. All fish-cultural work in Alaska should 
eventually be carried on by the Federal Government. This can be brought about 
by the abolition of the present exemption system, the taking over of such private 
hatcheries as the owners may desire to turn over to the Government, and the estab- 
lishment of additional Federal hatcheries. 

4. In section 3, line 2, strike out the words "for purposes of fish-culture" and insert 
in lieu thereof "by direction of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor"; and in lines 
4 and 5 strike out the words "where the same is less than five hundred feet in width." 

5. In section 4, line 2, strike out the words "for purposes of fish culture" and insert 
in lieu thereof "by direction of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor." 

6. In section 6, lines 6 and 7, strike out the words "five hundred yards of the mouth 
thereof" and insert in lieu thereof "such distance from the mouth thereof as in his 
judgment is necessary." 

7. The matter covered by section 9 is now fully covered by the pure food and drugs 
act, food inspection decision No. 105, and this section may therefore be omitted. 

8. The following additional sections are now recommended: 

"Section — . That for the purposes of this act the Secretary of Commerce and Labor 
is authorized to determine and indicate by suitable markers the mouth of any creek, 
stream, or river in Alaska which salmon enter for spawning purposes. 

"Sec — . That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is authorized and directed to 
establish such regulations, not inconsistent with existing law, as may in his judgment 
be necessary for the proper protection and conservation of shellfish and other aquatic 
animals not otherwise mentioned in this act. 

"Sec. — . That it shall be unlawful to erect, maintain, or operate in Alaska any new 
establishment for canning or otherwise preserving for commercial use any salmon or 
other fish or fishery product, or to increase the capacity of any such existing establish- 
ment, or to reopen and operate any such establishment which has remained closed for 
the period of three years immediately preceding the passage of this act, without first 
obtaining the approval in writing of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 

"Provided, however, That in the case of salmon-packing establishments approval shall 
be withheld only when in his judgment the fishing operations and investigations in the 
region adjacent to the proposed location indicate that the number of salmon taken ia 
larger than the reproductive increase of salmon from adjacent spawning grounds: And 
provided further, That in case approval is withheld the applicant interested shall upon 
demand be given a hearing, of which he shall be notified at least thirty days previously. 






FISHEEIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 65 

"Sec. — . That it shall be unlawful, after January first, nineteen hundred and eleven, 
to utilize any part of any food fish save the offal and refuse thereof in the manufacture 
of fertilizer or fish oil. 

"Sec. — . That the provisions of sections thirteen and sixteen of chapter four hundred 
and twenty-five of an act entitled 'An act making appropriations for the construction 
repair, and preservation of certain public works on rivers and harbors, and for othe r 
purposes, ' approved March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, shall be applied 
to the protection of the fisheries of Alaska, and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor 
and his agents for the protection of the salmon fisheries of Alaska, and any officer or 
employee of the Department of Commerce and Labor designated by him, shall be 
charged with the enforcement of said section thirteen and shall have the same power 
and authority in all respects to swear out process and arrest as the several officials 
named in section seventeen of chapter four hundred and twenty-five of the above act." 
Respectfully, 

Charles Nagel, Secretary. 

There is pending before Congress a measure for reorganization and 
expansion of the Alaska work of the Bureau of Fisheries, under the 
one head of Alaska Fisheries Service. This division will include, if 
the law is enacted, the salmon-inspection service and the fur-seal serv- 
ice, together with supervision of all other fisheries and fur resources 
of Alaska. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. That vessels be provided for the inspection service as recom- 
mended in the report for 1909, and that immediate provision be made 
for the two smaller launches requested, as the most urgent needs of 
the service, for use during the 1911 season. 

2. That in addition to the recommendations contained in depart- 
mental letter of May 25, 1910, printed on page 64 of this report, 
for the amendment of the present fisheries act of June 26, 1906, the 
weekly close season for salmon, as expressed in section 5 of the 
existing law, be extended over all Alaskan waters except Bering Sea 
and its arms; and that in sections 3 and 4 the word "salmon" be 
substituted for red salmon. 



APPENDIX-FISHERY LAWS AND REGULATIONS. 

The following laws relating to the fisheries and fur-bearing animals 
of Alaska, and the regulations established thereunder, which are now 
in force in the District, are published herewith for the guidance of 
those interested : 

AN ACT for the protection and regulation of the fisheries of Alaska. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress assembled, That every person, company, or corporation carrying on the 
business of canning, curing, or preserving fish or manufacturing fish products within 
the territory known as Alaska, ceded to the United States by Russia by the treaty of 
March thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, or in any of the waters of Alaska 
over which the United States has jurisdiction, shall, in lieu of all other license fees 
and taxes therefor and thereon, pay license taxes on their said business and output 
as follows: Canned salmon, four cents per case; pickled salmon, ten cents per barrel; 
salt salmon in bulk, five cents per one hundred pounds; fish oil, ten cents per barrel; 
ertilizer, twenty cents per ton. The payment and collection of such license taxes 
shall be under and in accordance with the provisions of the Act of March third, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-nine, entitled "An Act to define and punish crimes in the district 
of Alaska, and to provide a code of criminal procedure for the district," and amend- 
ments thereto. 

Sec. 2. That the catch and pack of salmon made in Alaska by the owners of private 
salmon hatcheries operated in Alaska shall be exempt from all license fees and taxa- 
tion of every nature at the rate of ten cases of canned salmon to every one thousand 
red or king salmon fry liberated, upon the following conditions: 

That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may from time to time, and on the 
application of the hatchery owner shall, within a reasonable time thereafter, cause 
such private hatcheries to be inspected for the purpose of determining the character 
of their operations, efficiency, and productiveness, and if he approve the same shall 
cause notice of such approval to be filed in the office of the clerk or deputy clerk of 
the United States district court of the division of the district of Alaska wherein any 
such hatchery is located, and shall also notify the owners of such hatchery of the action 
taken by him. The owner, agent, officer, or superintendent of any hatchery the 
effectiveness and productiveness of which has been approved as above provided 
shall, between the thirtieth day of June and the thirty-first day of December of each 
year, make proof of the number of salmon fry liberated during the twelve months 
immediately preceding the thirtieth day of June, by a written statement under oath. 
Such proof shall be filed in the office of the clerk or deputy clerk of the United States 
district court of the division of the district of Alaska wherein such hatchery is located, 
and when so filed shall entitle the respective hatchery owners to the exemption as 
herein provided; and a false oath as to the number of salmon fry liberated shall be 
deemed perjury and subject the offender to all the pains and penalties thereof. Dupli- 
cates of such statements shall also be filed with the Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 
It shall be the duty of such clerk or deputy clerk in whose office the approval and 

67 



68 FISHERIES OF AIASKA IN 1910. 

proof heretofore provided for are filed to forthwith issue to the hatchery owner, causing 
such proofs to be filed, certificates which shall not be transferable and of such denomi- 
nations as said owner may request (no certificate to cover fewer than one thousand 
fry), covering in the aggregate the number of fry so proved to have been liberated; 
and such certificates may be used at any time by the person, company, corporation, 
or association to whom issued for the payment pro tanto of any license fees or taxes 
upon or against or on account of any catch or pack of salmon made by them in Alaska; 
and it shall be the duty of all public officials charged with the duty of collecting or 
receiving such license fees or taxes to accept such certificates in lieu of money in pay- 
ment of all license fees or taxes upon or against the pack of canned salmon at the ratio 
of one thousand fry for each ten cases of salmon. No hatchery owner shall obtain the 
rebates from the output of any hatchery to which he might otherwise be entitled under 
this Act unless the efficiency of said hatchery has first been approved by the Secretary 
of Commerce and Labor in the manner herein provided for. 

Sec. 3. That it shall be unlawful to erect or maintain any dam, barricade, fence, 
trap, fish wheel, or other fixed or stationary obstruction, except for purposes of fish 
culture, in any of the waters of Alaska at any point where the distance from shore to 
shore is less than five hundred feet, or within five hundred yards of the mouth of any 
red-salmon stream where the same is less than five hundred feet in width, with the 
purpose or result of capturing salmon or preventing or impeding their ascent to their 
spawning grounds, and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized 
and directed to have any and all such unlawful obstructions removed or destroyed. 

Sec. 4. That it shall be unlawful to lay or set any drift net, seine, set net, pound 
net, trap, or any other fishing appliance for any purpose except for purposes of fish 
culture, across or above the tide waters of any creek, stream, river, estuary, or lagoon, 
for a distance greater than one-third the width of such creek, stream, river, estuary, 
or lagoon, or within one hundred yards outside of the mouth of any red-salmon stream 
where the same is less than five hundred feet in width. It shall be unlawful to lay 
or set any seine or net of any kind within one hundred yards of any other seine, net, 
or other fishing appliance whicjh. is being or which has been laid or set in any of the 
waters of Alaska, or to drive or construct any trap or any other fixed fishing appliance 
within six hundred yards laterally or within one hundred yards endwise of any other 
trap or fixed fishing appliance. 

Sec 5. That it shall be unlawful to fish for, take, or kill any salmon of any species 
in any manner or by any means except by rod, spear, or gaff, in any of the waters of 
Alaska over which the United States has jurisdiction, except Cook Inlet, the Delta 
of Copper River, Bering Sea, and the waters tributary thereto, from six o'clock post- 
meridian of Saturday of each week until six o'clock antemeridian of the Monday 
following, or to fish for, or catch, or kill in any manner or by any appliances except 
by rod, spear, or gaff, any salmon in any stream of less than one hundred yards in 
width in Alaska between the hours of six o'clock in the evening and six o'clock in 
the morning of the following day of each and every day of the week. Throughout 
the weekly close season herein prescribed the gate, mouth, or tunnel of all stationary 
and floating traps shall be closed, and twenty-five feet of the webbing or net of the 
"heart" of such traps on each side next to the "pot" shall be lifted or lowered in such 
manner as to permit the free passage of salmon and other fishes. 

Sec. 6. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may, in his discretion, set aside 
any streams or lakes as preserves for spawning grounds, in which fishing may be 
limited or entirely prohibited; and when, in his judgment, the results of fishing 
operations in any stream, or off the mouth thereof, indicate that the number of salmon 
taken is larger than the natural production of salmon in such stream, he is authorized 
to establish close seasons or to limit or prohibit fishing entirely for one year or more 
within such stream or within five hundred yards of the mouth thereof, so as to permit 
salmon to increase: Provided, however, That such power shall be exercised only after 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 69 

all persons interested shall be given a hearing, of which due notice must be given by 
publication; and where the interested parties are known to the Department they 
shall be personally notified by a notice mailed not less than thirty days previous to 
such hearing. No order made under this section shall be effective before the next 
calendar year after same is made: And provided further, That such limitations and 
prohibitions shall not apply to those engaged in catching salmon who keep such 
streams fully stocked with salmon by artificial propagation. 

Sec. 7. That it shall be unlawful to can or salt for sale for food any salmon more than 
forty-eight hours after it has been killed. 

Sec. 8. That it shall be unlawful for any person, company, or corporation wantonly 
to waste or destroy salmon or other food fishes taken or caught in any of the waters of 
Alaska. 

Sec. 9. That it shall be unlawful for any person, company, or corporation canning, 
salting, or curing fish of any species in Alaska to use any label, brand, or trade-mark 
which shall tend to misrepresent the contents of any package of fish offered for sale, 
Provided, That the use of the terms "red," "medium red," "pink," "chum," and so 
forth, as applied to the various species of Pacific salmon under present trade usages shall 
not be deemed in conflict with the provisions of this Act when used to designate 
salmon of those known species. 

Sec. 10. That every person, company, and corporation engaged in catching, curing, 
or in any manner utilizing fishery products, or in operating fish hatcheries in Alaska, 
shall make detailed annual reports thereof to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, 
on blanks furnished by him, covering all such facts as may be required with respect 
thereto for the information of the Department. Such reports shall be sworn to by the 
superintendent, manager, or other person having knowledge of the facts, a separate 
blank form being used for each establishment in cases where more than one cannery, 
saltery, or other establishment is conducted by a person, company, or corporation, and 
the same shall be forwarded to the Department at the close of the fishing season and 
not later than December fifteenth of each year. 

Sec. 11. That the catching or killing, except with rod, spear, or gaff, of any fish of 
any kind or species whatsoever in any of the waters of Alaska over which the United 
States has jurisdiction, shall be subject to the provisions of this Act, and the Secretary 
of Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized to make and establish such rules and 
regulations not inconsistent with law as may be necessary to carry into effect the 
provisions of this Act. 

Sec. 12. That to enforce the provisions of this Act and such regulations as he may 
establish in pursuance thereof, the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is authorized 
and directed to depute, in addition to the agent and assistant agent of salmon fisheries 
now provided by law, from the officers and employees of the Department of Commerce 
and Labor, a force adequate to the performance of all work required for the proper 
investigation, inspection, and regulation of the Alaskan fisheries and hatcheries, and 
he shall annually submit to Congress estimates to cover the cost of the establishment 
and maintenance of fish hatcheries in Alaska, the salaries and actual traveling expenses 
of such officials, and for such other expenditures as may be necessary to carry out the 
provisions of this Act. 

Sec. 13. That any person, company, corporation, or association violating any pro- 
vision of this Act or any regulation established in pursuance thereof shall, upon con- 
viction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or imprison- 
ment at hard labor for a term of not more than ninety days, or by both such fine and 
imprisonment, at the discretion of the court; and in case of the violation of any of 
the provisions of section four of this Act and conviction thereof a further fine of not 
more than two hundred and fifty dollars per diem may, at the discretion of the court, 
be imposed for each day such obstruction is maintained. And every vessel or other 
apparatus or equipment used or employed in violation of any provision of this Act, or 

59395°— 11 23 



70 FISHEEIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

of any regulation made thereunder, may be seized by order of the Secretary of Com- 
merce and Labor, and shall be held subject to the payment of such fine or fines aa 
may be imposed. 

Sec. 14. That the violation of any provision of this Act may be prosecuted in any 
district court of Alaska or any district court of the United States in the States of Cali- 
fornia, Oregon, jt Washington. And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce 
and Labor to enforce the provisions of this Act and the rules and regulations made 
thereunder. And it shall be the duty of the district attorney to whom any violation 
is reported by any agent or> representative of the Department of Commerce and Labor 
to institute proceedings necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act. 

Sec. 15. That all Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this Act 
are, so far as inconsistent, hereby repealed. 

Sec. 16. That this Act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. 

Approved, June 26, 1906. 



AN ACT To prohibit aliens from fishing in the waters of Alaska. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress assembled, That it shall be unlawful for any person not a citizen of the 
United States, or who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United 
States, and is not a bona fide resident therein, or for any company, corporation, or asso- 
ciation not organized or authorized to transact business under the laws of the United 
States or under the laws of any State, Territory, or district thereof, or for any person 
not a native of Alaska, to catch or kill, or attempt to catch or kill, except with rod, 
epear, or gaff, any fish of any kind or species whatsoever in any of the waters of Alaska 
under the jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, however, That nothing contained 
in this Act shall prevent those lawfully taking fish in the said waters from selling the 
same, fresh or cured, in Alaska or in Alaskan waters, to any alien person, company, or 
vessel then being lawfully in said waters: And provided further, That nothing contained 
in this Act shall prevent any person, firm, corporation, or association lawfully entitled 
to fish in the waters of Alaska from employing as laborers any aliens who can now be 
lawfully employed under the existing laws of the United States, either at stated wages 
or by piecework, or both, in connection with Alaskan fisheries, cr with the canning, 
salting or otherwise preserving of fish. 

Sec. 2. That every person, company, corporation, or association found guilty of a 
violation of any provision of this Act or of any regulation made thereunder shall, for 
each offense, be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred 
dollars, which fine shall be a lien against any vessel or other property of the offending 
party or which was used in the commission of such unlawful act. Every vessel used 
or employed in violation of any provision of this Act or of any regulation made there- 
under shall be liable to a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five 
hundred dollars, and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in any court 
having jurisdiction of the offense. 

Sec. 3. That the violation of any provision of this Act or of any regulation made 
thereunder may be prosecuted in any United States district court of Alaska, Cali- 
fornia, Oregon, or Washington. 

Sec. 4. That the collector of customs of the district of Alaska is hereby authorized 
to search and seize every foreign vessel and arrest every person violating any provision 
of this Act or any regulation made thereunder, and the Secretary of Commerce and 
Labor shall have power to authorize officers of the Navy and of the Revenue-Cutter 
Service and agents of the Department of Commerce and Labor to likewise make such 
searches, seizures, and arrests. If any foreign vessel shall be found within the waters 
to which this Act applies, having on board fresh or cured fish and apparatus or imple- 



FISHERIES OP ALASKA IN 1910. 71 

ments suitable for killing or taking fish, it shall be presumed that the vessel and 
apparatus were used in violation of this. Act until it is otherwise sufficiently proved. 
And every vessel, its tackle, apparatus, or implements so seized shall be given into the 
custody of the United States marshal of either of the districts mentioned in section 
three of this Act, and shall be held by him subject to the proceedings provided for in 
section two of this Act. The facts in connection with such seizure shall be at once 
reported to the United States district attorney for the district to which the vessel so 
seized shall be taken, whose duty it shall be to institute the proper proceedings. 

Sec. 5. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall have power to make rules 
and regulations not inconsistent with law to carry into effect the provisions of this Act. 
And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to enforce the pro- 
visions of this Act and the rules and regulations made thereunder, and for that purpose 
he may employ, through the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Navy, 
the vessels of the United States Revenue-Cutter Service and of the Navy: Provided, 
however, That nothing contained in this Act shall be construed as affecting any exist- 
ing treaty or convention between the United States and any foreign power. 

Approved, June 14, 1906. 



FISHERY REGULATIONS. 

1. During the inspection of the salmon fisheries by the agents and representatives 
of this Department, they shall have at all times free and unobstructed access to all 
canneries, salteries, and other fishing establishments, and to all hatcheries. 

2. All persons, companies, or corporations owning, operating, or using any trap-net, 
pound-net, or fish-wheel for taking salmon or other fishes shall cause to be placed in a 
conspicuous place on said trap-net, pound-net, or fish-wheel the name of the person, 
company, or corporation owning, operating, or using same, together with a distinctive 
number, letter, or name which shall identify each particular trap-net, pound-net, or 
fish-wheel, said lettering and numbering to consist of black figures and letters, not 
less than six inches in length, painted on white ground. 

3. All persons, companies, or corporations engaged in canning salmon shall forward 
to the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor, Washington, D. C, 
three copies of each and every different can label which it is designed to place upon the 
canned product. 

Charles Nagel, Secretary. 



REGULATIONS FOR THE PROTECTION OF FUR-BEARING ANIMALS IN ALASKA. 

[Alaska Fisheries Service — Circular No. l.o] 

March 8, 1911. 

To whom it may concern : 

Section 4 of "An act to protect the seal fisheries of Alaska, and for other purposes, " 
approved April 21, 1910, provides that — 

No person shall kill any otter, mink, marten, sable, or fur seal, or other fur-bearing 
animal, within the limits of Alaska Territory or in the waters thereof; and every 
person guilty thereof shall, for each offense, be fined not less than two hundred nor 
more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both; 
and all vessels, their tackle, apparel, furniture, and cargo found engaged in violation 
of this section shall be forfeited; but the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall 
have power to authorize the killing of any such mink, marten, sable, fur seal, or other 



oThe sundry civil bill passed by Congress March 4, 1911, provided for a reorganization and expansion 
of the Alaska service of the Bureau of Fisheries, as referred to on page 65 of this report. This circular, 
while by its date not strictly within the scope of the report for 1910, is printed here for its usefulness in 
connection with the other laws now administered by the Alaska fisheries service. 



72 FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

fur-bearing animal under such regulations as he may prescribe; and it shall be the 
duty of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to prevent the killing of any fur seal 
except as authorized by law and to provide for the execution of the provisions of 
this section until it is otherwise provided by law. 

Fur-bearing animals enumerated below may, subject to the provisions of regulation 
No. 12, be hunted and killed in the Territory of Alaska, except during the seasons 
specified with respect to each of the several animals mentioned. 

1. Sea otter. — The hunting or killing of sea otter is prohibited until November 1, 
1920. 

2. Beaver. — The hunting or killing of beaver is prohibited prior to November 1, 1915. 

3. Land otter and mink. — The hunting or killing of land otter or mink is prohibited 
throughout the season from April 1 to November 15, both days inclusive, of each 
year. 

4. Marten, fisher, sable, ermine, and weasel. — The hunting or killing of marten, fisher, 
sable, ermine, or weasel is prohibited throughout the season from April 1 to Novem- 
ber 15, both days inclusive, of each year. 

5. Mushrat. — The hunting or killing of muskrat is prohibited throughout the 
season from May 16 to November 30, both days inclusive, of each year. 

6. Black bear. — The hunting or killing of black bear is prohibited throughout the 
season from June 1 to August 31, both days inclusive, of each year. 

7. Fox, lynx, and wildcat. — The hunting or killing of fox, lynx, or wildcat is pro- 
hibited throughout the season from March 1 to November 15, both days inclusive, 
of each year. 

8. Wolf, wolverine, spermophile, and rabbit or hare. — The killing of wolves, wolver- 
ines, spermophiles (ground squirrels), and rabbits or hares is not prohibited. 

9. The killing of any fur-bearing animal by means of strychnine or any other poison 
is prohibited at all times. 

10. Permits or licenses may be issued by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor for 
the taking of fur-bearing animals for scientific purposes, for shipment to zoological 
parks, or for breeding purposes. 

11. The penalties and forfeitures imposed by the act will be strictly enforced 
against all persons who take, capture, or kill, or attempt to take, capture, or kill, any 
fur-bearing animal in the Territory of Alaska during the prohibited seasons herein 
established, or who barter or have in their possession the skin or pelt of any fur-bearing 
animal taken in the close or prohibited season. 

12. Shipments of furs, which may be made at any time, will be reported to the 
Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor, on appropriate blanks 
which will be supplied for that purpose. 

These regulations supersede all others previously in force. 

Approved: 

Charles Nagel, Secretary. 



SPECIAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ALASKA 
FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910 

By Harold Heath 

Professor of Invertebrate Zoology, Stanford University 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 748 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Brief sketch of natural history of the seal 3 

The rookeries 4 

Rookery development 4 

Harem counts 5 

Active bulls 6 

Idle bulls 

Young bulls 7 

Counts of idle and young bulls 8 

Breeding cows 8 

Counts of pups 9 

Estimates of cows and pups : . 10 

Yearlings and 2-year-olds 11 

The reserve 11 

Estimate of all classes 12 

The quota 13 

Conservation and some involved problems 13 

The question of an equilibrium of the herd 15 

The patrol and pelagic sealing 16 

The pelagic catch 18 

Cows in drives 19 

Causes of death 19 

Ages of seals 20 

Appendix — Extract from field notes 21 

2 



SPECIAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ALASKA FUR-SEAL 
ROOKERIES, I? JO. 



By Harold Heath, 

Professor of Invertebrate Zoology, Stanford University. 



Under the act of Congress of April 21, 1910, involving various 
changes in the administration of the Pribilof Islands and the seal 
fisheries and providing for the appointment of additional officers 
and employees, it was decided that a naturalist should be designated 
to study and report upon the condition of the seal herd. Pending 
the selection of a permanent occupant of this position, to take effect 
July 1 under the law, the writer was sent to the islands as a special 
investigator to perform the naturalist's duties for the season which 
was already beginning. Observations were made on St. Paul Island, 
beginning June 29, the date of arrival on the island, and continuing 
until July 15, then for a week on St. George Island, and again on St. 
Paul until August 29. A report of these observations is contained 
in the following pages. 

I am indebted to the Government agents on the islands and to the 
officers of the revenue fleet for valuable data and many courtesies 
in connection with my work. 

BRIEF SKETCH OF NATURAL HISTORY OF THE SEAL. 

As popularly applied the term "seal" includes a fairly large group 
of aquatic mammals, such as the sea lion and the fur and hair seals, 
all of which bear a superficial resemblance to each other. Strictly 
speaking, the last named are the only ones deserving of the name. 
Unlike the hair seal, the fur seal, or sea bear, is able to progress 
readily on land, is able to hold its head erect, and its fore limbs, finlike 
in form, are used in swimming. Concerning its life at sea, we know 
that the seals of the Pribilof Islands spend their winter months along 
the western coast of North America, the adult females extending their 
migrations as far as southern California. Early in May the adult 
males or bulls begin to appear on the rookeries, where each is sub- 
sequently joined by 30 females on the average, the height of the 

3 



4 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

breeding season occurring about the 15th of July. Shortly after her 
arrival each cow gives birth to a pup, and after a sojourn of perhaps 
two weeks, during which time she is served by the bull, she puts out 
to sea on the first of several journeys in search of food. 

During tins time the young males or bachelors are arriving, and are 
usually found in groups on the outskirts of the rookeries. It is from 
these young males that the land catch of skins is made. 

Early in August disorganization of the harems commences. The 
greater number of cows have been served, the active bulls accord- 
ingly relax their vigilance, the idle bulls and those less mature wander 
about without serious molestation, the pups congregate at various 
points on shore or in the shallows, where they learn to swim, and as 
autumn advances the roving instinct becomes more and more appar- 
ent in all classes, finally leading to the abandonment of the shore early 
in November. 

THE ROOKERIES. 

In position and extent the rookeries have undergone but few changes 
since last year. The number of active bulls and the attendant harems 
have decreased slightly, but whether this indicates an actual decrease 
in the number of cows is doubtful, since the count of pups, as noted in 
a succeeding section, was made on one rookery only and the data 
derived therefrom are not perfectly trustworthy. The decline in the 
number of harems on St. Paul is most apparent on Gorbatch, the 
Zapadnis, and Tolstoi, where there are 55 less than in 1909. On 
the other hand, there are 47 more on the Reef, Kitovi, Polovina, 
and Vostochni. On St. George the very slight increase noted on 
Staraya Artel and Zapadni is almost exactly counterbalanced by a 
decline on North and East rookeries. 

This year the fleet operated chiefly about Northeast Point and to 
the south and east between St. Paul and St. George, but the results of 
their operations do not appear to be so distinctly reflected in a corre- 
sponding decline of adjacent rookeries as in 1909. Such a definite 
effect requires that the seals put out to sea along radii centering in 
either one of the islands, but on numerous occasions I have watched 
cows, and especially bachelors, leaving the rookeries, and their course 
is far from being either direct or uniform. The problem, however, is 
of interest chiefly to the naturalist as matters rest at present, and is 
without any very practical bearing on the conservation of the herd. 

ROOKERY DEVELOPMENT. 

At present there appear to be no very definite problems associated 
with the development of the rookery, but following the custom 
observed for several years past counts of harems and cows were made 
whenever and wherever it was possible. Kitovi especially received 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 5 

attention and as far as practicable was examined at intervals of about 
three days with the following results: 

Development op Kitovi Rookery, Season op 1910, as shown by Counts op 
Seals on Different Dates. 



Harems. 



Cows. 



Reserve 
bulls. 



Half 
bulls. 



June 30.. 
July 2 . . . 
July 6.... 
July 9. . . . 
July 13... 



27 
107 
326 
500 
929 



The past winter was unusually severe and long continued, delaying 
the breaking up of the drift ice, the melting of the snow, and the 
appearance of flowering plants for upward of three weeks. It is 
interesting to note, however, that this delay did not affect the sum- 
mer resident birds, which put in an appearance at the customary 
time, though compelled in numerous instances to deposit their eggs 
on the snow. Nor did it hinder the migration of the seals, though 
several cows likewise took up positions on snow drifts, where they 
and the pups appeared to be unmindful of their unusual habitat. 



HAREM COUNTS. 

In accordance with the custom pursued in past years, the counts of 
harems were made as nearly as possible at the "height of the season," 
occurring July 12-16. Owing to stress of weather Sivutch, or Sea 
Lion Rock, rookery was not counted, but was estimated as containing 
61 harems, the number found last season. 

Summary op Harem Counts, 1910, and Comparison with 1897 and 1P09.« 



Rookery. 


1897 


1909 a 


1910 


Rookery. 


1897 


1909 


1910 


St. Paul Island: 


308 

33 

454 

102 

179 

139 

143 

61 

40 

233 

910 

458 

176 

114 

295 

98 

115 


120 
11 

184 
61 
55 
39 
42 
23 
19 
45 

184 

147 
62 
11 
87 
25 
12 


112 

11 

206 

616 

62 

41 

50 

20 

12 

47 

204 

118 

54 

7 

77 

29 

9 


St. George Island: 


46 
128 
133 

57 
196 


4 
65 
43 
42 
106 


4 




East 


59 


Reef 




47 


Sea Lion Rock 


Staraya Artel 

North 


48 
103 




Total. . 






560 


260 


261 


Polovina Cliffs 

Little Polovina 

Morjovi 


Grand total 




4,418 


1,387 


1,381 






Little Zapadni 

Zapadni Reef 

Tolstoi 




Tolstoi Cliffs 












Total 


3,85S 


1,127 


1,120 













a Figures for 1909 are those of Mr. George A. Clark. 



b Estimated. 



6 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

Assuming that Sea Lion Rock is occupied by the same number of 
harems as in 1909 or neglecting it for both seasons, there are 7 fewer 
harems on St. Paul this year- than last. 

Comparing the number of harems on St. George during the years 
1909 and 1910 there is 1 more, and when both islands are consid- 
ered 6 fewer. As there is one bull to a harem, this is another way only 
of stating that there are 6 fewer bulls this year than last; and obvi- 
ously such an estimate affords no indication whatever of the actual 
number of breeding cows. 

ACTIVE BULLS. 

The number of active bulls, each in control of a harem, is as just 
noted, somewhat smaller this year than last (as 1,387 to 1,381); but 
it is the universal verdict that as a class they have lost none of those 
characteristics that make them successful masters. As usual there 
was considerable skirmishing among them as the harems were form- 
ing, but the wounds inflicted were comparatively insignificant and 
no deaths were recorded. Early in the season one dead female was 
found on Gorbatch whose wounds may have been caused by a bull, 
and later six cows were seen on various rookeries that had been 
severely though not fatally slashed. 

In a few cases young bulls or "quitters" were found with harems 
on various rookeries, but usually they held sway on the outskirts of 
the community and joined the females in the mad rush to the sea 
whenever they were approached. It was the rare exception that 
they held a position in the more crowded portions of the rookery, 
where they would be called upon to defend their cows against the 
attempted inroads on the part of more seasoned harem masters. 

By some authorities it has been urged that this infusion of young 
male life into the general herd is beneficial, but in all probability its 
value is overestimated. It is not disclaimed that some animals are 
born with more vigorous constitutions than others, and that in all 
probability their offspring will be more hardy in consequence. And 
furthermore, it is a truism that in the struggle for existence it is a 
gain that the feeble are weeded out; but this is an entirely different 
question from the one relating to the effects of age. In the case of 
the female a long existence may lessen the production of milk or alter 
its composition, and consequently inhibit the proper nourishment 
of the offspring, but with the male no such argument may be brought 
forward. In the case of the race horse, which has been studied as 
much as any other mammal, attempts have been made to show that 
it is desirable to breed young males, and again, with essentially the 
same data, such a position has been attacked. To-day we know far 
loss about the seal, but it is a safe proposition to argue in favor of 
perpetuating, as far as possible, those fully developed males that are 
able to protect their harems. 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 7 

IDLE BULLS. 

These animals are victims of circumstances. Owing usually to 
an unfavorable location, they have failed to secure harems, though 
they are as physically able to control them as any of their class. 
Furthermore, the term "idle" is a misnomer, for no one who has 
watched them on the rookeries would ever accuse them of being 
sluggish. On the other hand, they are aggressive in the extreme, 
and especially during the height of the season engage in frequent 
quarrels with the harem masters, from whom they usually pilfer a 
small number of cows before the close of the season. 

It can not well be doubted that an excess of this class of animals 
is more or less of a menace to the normal, or at all events what appears 
to be the most successful, type of seal existence. Claims have been 
made to the effect that for untold ages the seal has fought the battle 
of life successfully and that in the present time the hand of man is 
not required to control his destinies. The first part of this statement 
is undeniably correct, but the last is open to criticism, for it assumes 
that the seal is to-day leading a normal existence. Unfortunately 
this is not true, for we know that the number of breeding cows is 
becoming alarmingly reduced. In the open Pacific the number of 
captured males and females may be approximately equal, but the 
Bering Sea catch, as past records show, contains from 70 to 80 per 
cent of females. Since, on the average, there is 1 male to every 30 
cows in the harem, there must inevitably result an excess of males, 
an unnatural state of affairs, and the belief that in cutting down this 
excess we are conferring a benefit appears to rest on a firm founda- 
tion. 

This season the number of idle bulls was 221, not so great a number 
but that they were kept at bay until the disintegration of the harems 
had commenced, when they usually became the possessors of a small 
number of cows. 

YOUNG BULLS. 

Young bulls, otherwise known on the islands as " quitters", are 
usually 6 or 7 years old, and at the approach of man retire. They 
frequently haul out with the bachelors or form a shifting fringe about 
the group of breeding seals. In rare cases they controlled harems, 
usually on the margins of the rookeries, and in a few cases were seen 
in the act of copulation. 

An accurate count of these animals was not made, unfortunately, 
since a considerable number had hauled out with the bachelors and 
could not be numbered without interfering with subsequent drives. 
At the height of the season the number on the rookeries was 184, 
and at various times 386 in all were included in the drives. Some 
were doubtless driven more than once, but it seems certain that the 



8 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 



actual number was at least 200, giving a total of 384. As the average 
life of the male is 13 years, of which 5 are spent as harem master, 
the decrease annually of the present active list is 276. It is appar- 
ent therefore that killing in the past has not been too close, and 
that there is a sufficient reserve at the present time. 

COUNTS OF IDLE AND YOUNG BULLS. 

The following count of idle and young bulls was made at the time 
the census of harems was taken. It was not possible without causing 
undue disturbance to enumerate members of the latter class that had 
hauled out with the bachelors on four important rookeries — Northeast 
Point, Gorbatch, the Reef, and Tolstoi. 

Counts of Idle and Young Bulls on St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1910. 



Rookery. 



St. Paul Island: 

Gorbatch 

Ardiguen 

Reef 

Kitovi 

Lukanin 

Polovina 

Polovina Cliffs.. 
Little Polovina. 

Morjovi 

Vostochni 

Zapadni 

Little Zapadni. 
Zapadni Reef. . . 
Tolstoi 



Idle 
bulls. 



Young 
bulls. 



Rookery. 



St. Paul Island— Continued. 

Tolstoi Cliffs 

Lagoon 

Total 

St. George Island : 

East 

Zapadni 

Staraya Artel 

North 

Total 

Grand total 



Idle 
bulls. 



Young 
bulls. 



48 



BREEDING COWS. 

While there is a steady increase in the number of cows hauling out 
on any rookery for a month after the middle of June, a seagoing stream 
soon makes its appearance, consisting of cows en route to the feeding 
grounds after their pups are born. Hence at the "height of the 
season," about the middle of July, the number of cows on the beach 
is no true indication of the total number, nor does it always bear a 
constant ratio to the whole. Under certain circumstances, possibly 
due to climatic conditions, nearly the full complement may be present 
at the height of the season, and again in other years not over 30 per 
cent of the community may be on the rookery. It thus becomes 
apparent that such counts, of varying character from season to season, 
must be used with extreme caution, if at all, in estimating the entire 
number of females on any rookery or the annual decline or increase. 
As has been pointed out by others, we may arrive at an approximate 
estimate only by a count of the pups, and under that heading an 
attempt has been made to show that even here we must use the results 
with the greatest care in making a census of the herd. 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 9 

During the height of the season counts were made on the following 
rookeries : 

Counts of Cows on some St. Paul Rookeries during Height of Season, 

1897, 1909, and 1910. 



Rookery. 


1897 


1909 a 


1910 




1,319 
1,286 
1,049 

470 
2,436 

654 


281 
698 
137 
207 
892 
127 


229 


Tolstoi Cliffs 


646 




78 




218 




837 




92 




820 


Polovina Cliffs 






426 








421 












7,214 


2,342 


3,767 



a Counts of Mr. George A. Clark. 



COUNTS OF PUPS. 

Owing to the fact that all the cows are never present on the rook- 
eries at a given time, it is obvious that the only approach to an accu- 
rate census of the breeding females is to be made by counting all the 
pups on all the rookeries. Such a procedure is not only arduous but 
wasteful, since the cows in early August, when the counting is usually 
done, are readily driven into the sea and a portion must inevitably fall 
a prey to the pelagic sealer. Accordingly it was the custom, for 
several years prior to 1906, to count the pups on a number of rookeries, 
and with such data estimate the entire herd. In more recent times 
the number' of such pup counts has become gradually lessened until 
this year Kitovi was the only rooker}^ examined, with the following 
result: Total number of pups, 1,966; dead, 62. 

The implication that Kitovi is a typical average rookery must rest 
upon the assumption that it stands between those in which the decline 
is great and those in which it is at a minimum. As a matter of fact, an 
examination of the counts of Kitovi during the past four years shows 
that in reality it has been remarkably constant so far as the cows are 
concerned. Commencing with 1907 the number of pups each year is 
1,959, 1,960, 1,979, and this year there are 1,966. 

Last year there were 55 active bulls on Kitovi and 1,979 pups; this 
year there are 62 bulls and 1,966 pups. The average harem last year 
was 36; this year, 31.7 ; a difference due almost wholly to the increased 
number of active bulls. And, furthermore, this slight difference is of 
far-reaching importance when we come to consider the application of 
these data to the estimate of the entire herd. With 1,381 harems, 
each numbering 36 cows, the estimate would be 49,716; if each com- 
prised 31.7 cows there are then 43,777 in the breeding herd, a differ- 
ence of 5,939, or 11,878 when the pups are included in the count, due 
solely to the presence of 7 active, extra bulls. 



10 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 



Then, again, on the other rookeries an increase or decrease in the 
number of active males produces a corresponding rise or fall in the 
estimated number of cows. For example, on Vostochni there may 
be 6,500 cows and 200 active bulls. If 20 idle bulls, before the height 
of the season, secure 1 cow apiece, they enter the active list, and 
there are then 220 harems. As the average harem is 31.7, this 
increase affects the estimate to the extent of a gain of 634- cows, 
though in reality the number of cows has remained constant. At 
present this gain or loss in the active bull list outside of Kitovi is of 
relative unimportance, but it is conceivable that under certain cir- 
cumstances it may assume a more prominent role. 

I have in mind the fact that in treating this phase of the problem 
we are, after all, dealing in generalities, but the results may become 
so general that they have little actual value. In my opinion it is 
highly desirable that a pup count on all of the rookeries be made 
during August, or even early in September, in stress of weather, or 
possibly after the sealing fleet has left Bering Sea; and again a 
similar survey should be made five years later, when the typical 
rookery could be determined and questions relating to the increase 
or decrease of the herd be settled beyond a reasonable doubt. 

ESTIMATES OF COWS AND PUPS. 

Assuming that the average harem comprises 31.7 cows, the total 
number in the entire seal herd is computed in the following table: 

Computation op Cows and Pups on St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1897, 

1909, and 1910. 



Rookery. 



St. Paul Island: 

Gorbatch 

Ardiguen 

Reef 

Sea Lion Rock. 

Kitovi 

Lukanin 

Polovina 

Polo vina Cliffs . 
Little Polovina 

Morjovi 

Zapadni 

Vostochni 

Little Zapadni. 
Zapadni Reef... 
Tolstoi 



1897 


1909 a 


1910 


9,086 


4,320 


3,551 


736 


355 


349 


13,393 


6,624 


6,530 


3,009 


2,196 


6 1,934 


5,289 


1,979 


1,966 


4,100 


1,404 


1,299 


4,218 


1,512 


1,585 


2,200 


828 


634 


1,180 


684 


380 


6,873 


1,620 


1,490 


13,511 


5,292 


3, 740 


26, 845 


6,624 


6,467 


5,192 


2,232 


1,711 


3,041 


319 


222 


8,702 


3,132 


2,471 



Rookery. 



St. Paul Island— Contd. 

Tolstoi Cliffs 

Lagoon 

Total 

St. George Island: 

Little East 

East , 

Zapadni 

Staraya Artel 

North 

Total 

Grand total 



1897 1909 a 1910 



2,891 

2.59S 



112,023 



1,190 
3, 776 

3,923 
1,681 

5,782 



16,342 



128,365 



1,452 
693 



11,266 



144 
2,340 
1,548 
1,512 

3,816 



9,360 



50,626 



285 



35.502 



127 
1,870 

1.490 
1,522 
3, 266 



8.275 



43.777 



a Estimates of Mr. George A. Clark. 



b Estimated. 



In the above census it is to be remembered that the totals apply 
to cows and pups and that both together number 87,554 in 1910. 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 11 

YEARLINGS AND 2-YEAR-OLDS. 

Of the various computations necessary to arrive at an estimate of 
the entire seal herd those concerned with the 2-year-olds and year- 
lings are the least satisfactory. And yet by restricting the quota of 
skins taken to 3-year-olds we could in a relatively short period arrive 
at a fairly close approximation, and at the same time settle other 
vexed questions that are in need of solution. At the present time 
we are compelled to base our estimates largely on the quota and those 
males dismissed from the killing grounds. 

In the quota this year 10,210 skins weighed less than 7 pounds 
each, and 2,603 males were dismissed from the drives because they 
were undersized. Some of the latter were doubtless driven more than 
once, but even so it is probable that the number was not less than 
1,800. Besides these, 337 2-year-olds were branded early in the 
season. This accounts for 12,347. That there are yet others is evi- 
denced by the fact that fully 700 bachelors of killable size appeared 
on the hauling grounds of both islands in early August after the 
killing season, in addition to which there were probably other young 
animals in considerable numbers, though how many is uncertain. 
And it is probable, also, that some were at sea, but here again we have 
no exact information. A conservative estimate of 2-year-old males 
is therefore 13,000, which is also the number of virgin 2-year-old 
females that during the late summer arrived at the rookeries. 

It appears to be the general belief that in 1909 there were 12,000 
yearlings of each sex, and judging from estimates based on, pup 
counts and the quota, the herd appears to have been stationary for 
the past three or four years. Hence we might suppose that the num- 
ber of yearlings for this year is approximately the same as last. 
However, it is possible that the estimates based largely on Kitovi are 
misleading and that the quota was maintained by closer and closer 
killing. Future observations alone will settle this question. In 
order to be on the safe side we may assume that a shrinkage of 10 
per cent has taken place and that accordingly the number of year- 
lings of each sex for the year 1910 is 10,800. 

THE RESERVE. 

For six years prior to 1910 two thousand 2 and 3 year old males 
were reserved annually, but as the brand, made by clipping the hair 
on the head, was not permanent, we have no means of knowing how 
many of these were subsequently killed. If 1,000 were actually 
exempted each year and there is an annual mortality of 10 per cent 
there should be between 500 and 600 this year remaining of the 
reserve of 1905. And if the decline of the present number of active 
bulls is approximately 300 there should this year be an increase of 



12 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

over 200. As a matter of fact there is a slight decline, so that it 
appears that males exempted one year were killed the next. In 
reality, if we may judge from the records of past years, there is no 
necessity of reserving annually a number greater than one-half of the 
total number of active bulls, but these should be chosen from the class 
that will be wigged next year, or branded with a permanent mark. 

This year 1,271 males were set aside as a reserve. Very nearly 1 ,000 
4-year-olds and older were dismissed from the drives. Some of these 
were doubtless driven more than once, but it is assuredly safe to 
conclude that 600 were actually present. In addition there were 
others on the water front and hi the water to the number of at least 
100, and finally there were 605 idle and half bulls. This gives a 
total of 2,576, a number considerably in excess of the requirements. 

ESTIMATE OF ALL CLASSES. 

The following is an itemized estimated census of the seals forming 
the herd in 1910: 

Estimated Census of Seal Herd in 1910. 



Class. 



Active bulls 

Breeding cows. . . 

Pups 

Idle bulls 

Young bulls 

Bachelor reserve. 

2-year males 

2-year females . . . 
Yearling males . . 
Yearling females. 
Quota killed 

Total 



1,381 

43, 777 

43, 777 

221 

384 

1,971 

5,500 

13,000 

10,800 

10,800 

13,584 



145, 195 



According to this estimate and Mr. Clark's estimate of 158,488 
for 1909, the herd has diminished by 13,293 within the past year. 
Whether this is a just conclusion must be decided by computations 
to be made during the next few years. Accuracy is impossible so 
long as the present methods are employed. During late years it has 
been assumed that the error is not greater than 12 per cent, and this 
is probably a fair conclusion. Last year the herd numbered be- 
tween 150,000 and 160,000; this year it seems to fall between 140,000 
and 150,000. 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 13 

THE QUOTA. 

In 1897 it was estimated that the ratio of bachelors to the entire 
herd was 1:20; this year it is approximately 1:10. The conditions 
that have brought about this change are matters largely of conjecture, 
for our knowledge of the seal is too imperfect to warrant a satisfac- 
tory explanation. It is reasonably certain that the mortality among 
pups is less than formerly and, as Mr. Lembkey states in his report 
of 1909, this would insure a proportionately larger return of yearlings, 
males and females, and subsequently of breeding cows, both of which 
are factors tending to the increase of bachelors. Then again the 
death rate of the young, estimated to be 50 per cent during the first 
year, may have been excessive and the proportion of bachelors to the 
the entire herd may have been greater than was estimated in 1897. 
But even if these problems were solved to our complete satisfaction 
they do not bear directly on the question of the conservation of the 
herd. As noted in another paragraph, the essential point to be set- 
tled is regarding the reserve. If it is sufficient to supply the requisite 
number of males, as the active ones disappear, then it appears to be 
the best policy to kill those remaining. The herd is declining or at 
best stationary. The pelagic sealer is hovering about the islands 
and close killing diminishes his catch. That the quota should con- 
sist of the skins of 3-year-olds is obviously the most economical plan, 
but from a purely zoological standpoint this is a matter of detail and 
relatively unimportant. 

This year 10,749 skins were taken on St. Paul and 2,834 on St. 
George, a total of 13,583, or 785 less than in 1909. The weights of 
these, together with data relating to the drives and numbers dis- 
missed, are given in the report of the agent in charge. 

CONSERVATION AND SOME INVOLVED PROBLEMS. 

It has been seen from the foregoing paragraphs that the number 
of males for breeding purposes is sufficient, and this has been so for 
many years. On the other hand the number of females has been 
decreasing steadily, and there is no question but that the pelagic 
sealer is, and has been, an important factor in producing this decline. 
Furthermore, another fact is evident, that with the conservation of 
the females on land and the setting aside annually of a sufficient 
male reserve no additional care will add one jot or tittle to the number 
of cows. It is perfectly true that the elements involved in the prob- 
lem of the male reserve are intricate and some are not clearly under- 
stood, but in the last analysis the important question to be answered 
is this: Is there a sufficient number of males to take the place of those 
active on the rookeries? and everj year the answer has been in the 
affirmative. On land, killing may be close, and skins below the 
59395°— 11 24 



]4 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

maximum value may be taken, but if the females are protected and 
the male reserve be adequate other questions sink into a position of 
relative unimportance as the seal problem now presents itself. 

The foregoing paragraph is written from a purely biological stand- 
point, having in mind only the conservation of the herd, but there 
are other questions of a more practical bearing that should be settled 
before the sealing business can be conducted on the most economical 
basis. In the first place it is highly desirable that the number of 
pups born annually be more accurately determined, reducing the 
possible error below 10,000, where it stands at present. In 1896 the 
error was estimated to be about 6 per cent, but last year and this it 
is probably twice as great. With the herd approaching the vanishing 
point accuracy is more than ever a desideratum and should be had 
even at the cost of an unusual amount of labor. 

Again, we have no information, within narrow limits, of the number 
of males or females returning at the close of the first year, or if this 
be beyond computation, then of the number returning the second or 
even the third year. This, as the sexes are of approximately equal 
numbers, will give more nearly than any other practicable method 
the number of females taking their places on the rookeries. Beyond 
this time observations should be made to determine the number of 
reserved 3-year-olds that appear the next year, and finally the 
percentage that ultimately becomes active on the rookeries. From 
such observations the reserve of males may ultimately be made with 
an accurate knowledge of facts, and not with such hazy ideas as we 
have at present. 

It is highly desirable that the quota be taken from the males in 
prime condition, and I heartily agree with Mr. Lembkey and Mr. G. A. 
Clark, who argue in their reports of 1909 for the killing of 3-year-olds. 
I am by no means convinced that even by the branding of every 
pup, and so destroying the fur to some extent, we can, by this means 
ajone, reduce the value of the skin to such a degree that the pelagic 
sealer will be forced out of business. It may indeed be a fact, but 
the brands made in the past were in some cases fatal and are sup- 
posedly about all that the young seal is able to survive, and yet not 
over one-tenth or at most one-eighth of the fur is destroyed. The 
resulting depreciation of value will probably not amount to more 
than $10, and two San Francisco furriers place it as low as $5. The 
price of skins is gradually advancing and on the other hand we do 
not know what returns will pay the schooner owners to keep a ship in 
the sea. The crew, averaging 35, receives $5 per man each month 
(Captain Quinan of the revenue cutter Tahoma says $2.50) and 12£ 
cents goes to each man for every skin taken by his particular row- 
boat. Let us suppose each schooner is out six months, and, judging 
from past records, 8,000 skins, will be taken this year, or 320 per 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 15 

schooner. If the price per skin were only $15 ($30 was the price 
they received last year) $4,800 would certainly be a paying invest- 
ment. 

On the other hand there is another factor making toward the 
reduction of the sealing fleet which, together with the partial destruc- 
tion of the skins through branding, may possibly put the pelagic 
sealer out of business or, more probably, so limit the number of 
vessels that an equilibrium of the seal herd may become a fixed 
feature. This element is competition. With 25 schooners in the 
sea, rivalry must this year have been very keen, and with a diminish- 
ing herd some competitors must sooner or later leave the field. Any 
depreciation in the value of skins must hasten the desirable result, 
provided — and here an unknown factor enters — that the price of 
skins does not advance. But with the decline of the number of 
skins it is probable that prices will advance, and it appears very 
questionable whether branding and competition will drive away all 
of the pelagic fleet for many years to come. It may, however, make 
it possible for the herd to remain practically stationary until some 
form of treaty insures more perfect conservation. 

The branding process may be made to include the male pups, but 
as the pelagic sealer secures but few bachelors this would greatly 
destroy the value of the land catch without giving adequate returns. 
It is possible that the males dismissed from the drives might be 
penned up for a month or so, but unfortunately I can not speak with 
authority regarding this plan, that was once put into execution several 
years ago. Some advocates claim that it is entirety possible; that 
after a few days the captives show no signs of restlessness in their 
unnatural surroundings. Others are equally certain that the experi- 
ment was not a success, as several of the larger animals broke through 
the barriers and some less fortunate became restless in the extreme 
and finally died of exhaustion. Furthermore, it is reported the 
bachelors ordinarily put to sea from time to time in search of food, 
and it is difficult to. see how food would be forthcoming even if they 
desisted from their attempts to escape. The fact that placing animals 
in captivity would prevent redriving does not appear in itself to be 
sufficient reason for carrying out the plan. If by these schemes we 
hope to drive the pelagic sealer from his elected calling then it 
seems to me they will not succeed, but that they may increase the 
value of the land catch is possible. 

THE QUESTION OF AX EQUILIBRIUM OF THE HERD. 

The question of an equilibrium of the herd is one of very high im- 
portance. In 1897 the Fur Seal Commission agreed that such a 
state of affairs would ultimately occur, and in 1909 Mr. G. A. ('lark 
argues in favor of the possibility that there is now an equilibrium. 



16 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

Unfortunately, in the present year a sufficiently large pup count was 
not made whereby to settle the question. The estimated decline may 
be approximately correct or it may be due to the methods of taking 
the census. If an equilibrium does exist it means that if the number 
of guards stationed on the islands is sufficient to prevent poaching 
the entire land catch may amount annually to something in the 
neighborhood of 10,000 skins and the herd would be in no danger of 
extinction. If instead of allowing matters to rest as the}' are the 
Government orders the branding of female pups, then some of the 
pelagic sealers may be compelled to abandon their calling, and the 
herd would probably increase, but there is nothing to prevent the 
return of the entire sealing fleet when the herd is larger and a profit- 
able catch may be made even though each skin is much reduced in 
value. 

As matters appear there is one way only whereby the pelagic 
sealer may be driven away entirely, and that is by the further reduc- 
tion of the seal herd. This is at best a cold-blooded proposition and 
wall probably not meet with general approval, but there seems to be 
no other way to destroy the activity of the fleet. 

The question now stands, Shall the pelagic sealer be driven from 
the sea and the financial gain from the then highly diminished herd 
be reduced to a minimum, or is it better policy to place the business 
more nearly on a paying basis though the pelagic sealer share in the 
returns ? Until pelagic sealing is discontinued by an agreement with 
the countries concerned the revenue fleet must be kept about the 
islands, under any circumstances the natives must be cared for, and 
in various ways a heavy financial outlay must be made annually. 
Personally I favor the latter plan, reaping as large a harvest as is 
compatible with the conservation of the herd and at the same time 
leaving as little as possible to those on the high seas. 

THE PATROL AND PELAGIC SEALING. 

The revenue fleet maintained throughout the season of 1910 
a most thoroughgoing and careful patrol about the islands, where 
reefs, and shifty currents, and impenetrable fogs are of the most 
treacherous character. Three cutters, the Tahoma, Capt. Quinan, 
commanding; the Manning, Capt. Cardin; and the Perry, Capt. 
Haake, constituted the fleet, with Capt. Foley at Unalaska in com- 
mand. Prior to July 26 each vessel remained 12 days in the vicinity 
of St. Paul, and after 5 days returned from coaling at Unalaska. On 
the date named the Perry, during a dense fog, went ashore at Rocky 
Point on St. Paul and was never floated. The duties of the remaining 
vessels became correspondingly increased, but so far as known no 
schooner pushed inside of the 3-mile zone after this accident, and 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 17 

generally speaking the infractions of the law throughout the season 
were of minor importance. 

Pelagic sealing, on the part of the Japanese, continued with 
unabated vigor. During this season 25 vessels were reported, 7 more 
than hi 1909, and the reports in Capt. Foley's office in Unalaska show 
that each schooner carried approximately 25 to 40 men and from 
5 to 10 boats. Furthermore, several of these ships cleared from 
Japan early in the year, and, arriving at various points from Cali- 
fornia to Sitka, followed the herd to the breeding grounds in Bering 
Sea. In the vicinity of St. Paul Island, none ventured, so far as 
known, within the 3-mile zone, but in one or two instances violations 
were reported by the natives on St. George, where the revenue-cutter 
patrol is far less vigilant. On June 28 the Tokai Maru was seized 
and fined for violation of the alien fishing law, and on July 25 the 
Toro Maru was seized and fined for violation of the custom laws 
(section 2773 of the Revised Statutes). On July 18 two row boats 
were sighted in the vicinity of Zapadni, on St. George, so close to 
shore that one was seen to contain at least one unskinned seal. 
And again during foggy weather on July 30 two boats' crews from 
the schooner HoJco Maru landed at Northeast Point and Lukanin, 
respectively, and the next day 4 sailors from the Toro Maru were 
captured en route to Zapadni. Though pleading stress of weather, 
all were taken into custody and were subsequently tried in Unalaska. 

Generally speaking, the fleet operated to the east and north of St. 
Paul, presumably in the path of the seals leaving the Reef, Kitovi, 
Lukanin, the Polovinas, and Northeast Point. On July 10 the steamer 
Homer reported at least a dozen schooners with their attendant 
boats, which had formed a great circle between St. Paul and St. 
George and were slaughtering the seals compelled to cross the line 
of fire at two points. Although the nearest of these vessels was at 
least 8 miles from the shores of St. Paul, the reports of the shotguns 
could be heard distinctly on land, and a count I made on that day 
from 11.20 to 11.50 a. m. showed that 228 shots were fired, an average 
of 7.6 per minute. 

In this connection it may be mentioned that on certain days, 
owing to meteorological conditions, sounds travel amazing distances. 
According to Capt. Quinan, shots were heard one day in July seem- 
ingly well within the 3-mile zone, but with the lifting of the fog the 
nearest boat was fully 7 miles distant. Somewhat later in the month 
a fusilade was distinctly heard on St. Paul, but with the clearing 
away of the mists not a single boat could be detected even with 
powerful glasses used from the top of a 70-foot hill. It thus becomes 
apparent that alleged transgressions, based on this species of evi- 
dence alone, are far from being trustworthy. 



18 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1010. 

To an outsider the practice of having Japanese stewards aboard 
the cutters is not above criticism. They must inevitably come into 
possession of valuable information that may be of service to Japanese 
prisoners, for whom they act as interpreters, if I am informed cor- 
rectly. Furthermore, the Japanese detained for 10 days on St. Paul 
this year were in constant communication with the natives of the 
village, and it was no fault of theirs if they did not learn more of the 
island than is disclosed by the chart. One has a certain amount of 
sympathy for the pelagic sealer, who receives a mere pittance for his 
services and is the only sufferer when his boat is captured ; but his 
imprisonment is not a serious hardship, especially if he be allowed 
to work on the coal pile at $2 per day and is ultimately sent back to 
Japan. 

These are, after all, matters of comparative unimportance. The 
arrest, and even the severe punishment, of such offenders do 
not seriously interfere with the activities of the schooners and their 
owners. Such devices as branding to partially destroy the value of 
the skins, and of penning up male seals released from the drives, are 
not complete preventives, so that until an agreement is consummated 
the international struggle between watcher and watched must forever 
go on with all of the attendant aggravating features. It is possible 
that the herd is not in a state of equilibrium, but is actually dimin- 
ishing. If this continue the hunter on the high seas must ultimately 
vanish from the scene of his pernicious activity; but is the Govern- 
ment of the United States compelled to place the seal herd on the 
altar of sacrifice in order to bring about this desired result? 

If this, indeed, be true then we must decide, and that right early, 
whether this be a lesser evil than the other, hypothetical to a certain 
degree, of branding the females, which form the greater portion of 
the pelagic catch, and by the depreciation of their skins, making it 
necessary for a greater number than at present to be taken with 
profit by the pelagic sealer. At the same time this would render 
it possible for an increased number of cows to escape and breed on 
the rookeries, and so add materially to the bachelor herd and conse- 
quently to the land catch. 

THE PELAGIC CATCH. 

Regarding the pelagic catch of this year, our evidence must rest 
upon a very slender reed — the reports of the Japanese themselves. 
According to these, 4,213 skins were taken prior to August 15, of 
which 2,098 came from Bering Sea. Last year the reported Japanese 
catch up to August 15 was 4,954 skins. As a matter of fact, it was 
then probably twice as large, for the entire season's catch, as reported 
from the London market, was 10,561 skins. This year it is safe to 
predict that there will be at least 8,000. 



ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 19 

COWS IN DRIVES. 

During the killing season proper, closing August 1, the discipline 
maintained by the active bulls on the rookeries was very strict, and 
accordingly a very insignificant number of cows made their way into 
the neighborhood of the bachelors and were driven to the sealing 
grounds. Such as did so, of course, were subsequently released. 
During a food drive on August 10, when the harems had commenced 
to disintegrate, several cows appeared in the drive, but I was unable 
to find a single one among the dead on the killing grounds. Doubt- 
less females may occasionally be clubbed accidentally, but this year 
I can testify that the greatest care was exercised, and I know of no 
occurrences of the kind. 

FEEDING OF PUPS. 

For various reasons, up to the time of my departure from the 
islands, no attempt was made to raise pups. The pair handled 
successfully by Boatswain Thurber had shed the first coat and were 
fully 3 months old; he was unsuccessful with the young, black 
pups. These last named may possibly be reared if food of the proper 
character be fed, but at the present time we are ignorant of the com- 
position of seal's milk. In any event one must have not only a 
large store of patience but an abundance of time, and whatever 
may be said regarding the first requisite the latter is not forth- 
coming during the summer, when one is concerned with numerous 
other matters pertaining to the herd in general and must leave the 
islands in August. 

CAUSES OF DEATH. 

Under normal circumstances the life of the seal of either sex is 
probably from 12 to 13 years. Since the bulls are active for not 
more than five seasons, one-fifth of the active list dies each year, 
and as the cows are believed to breed during ten seasons one-tenth 
of their number disappears annually. 

Judging from the reports of former years the season of 1910 was 
one of comparative quiet. No fatalities due to fighting were noted 
among the bulls, and only one cow was discovered whose death may 
be attributed to rough handling on the part of a bull. 

On the killing grounds between 20 and 30 bachelors were found 
with from one to three buckshot imbedded in various parts of the 
body. Some of the resulting wounds were severe, but no deaths 
were directly traced to this cause. 

In earlier times the ravages of the parasitic worm, Uncinaria, were 
especially noticeable on the Tolstoi sand flat and portions of Zapadni, 
but in recent years, due to the shrinkage of the herd, these areas 
have been abandoned. Very few cases were noted by Dr. Chichester 



20 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

in 1909, and not one was detected this year. The dead pups dis- 
eected showed no lesions whatever, their emaciated appearance and 
ampty alimentary canal indicating death from starvation. 

AGES OF SEALS. 

Last year 34 branded cows that had been marked as pups not 
later than 1902 were observed on the rookeries. This year 11 were 
seen prior to August 1, but during this time there is little opportunity 
to examine the cows critically, and later in the season such an exami- 
nation would produce an unwarrantable disturbance on the rookeries. 
However, the fact is established that there are branded cows in 
existence, and the time of their disappearance and their possible 
age may be decided at a later date. It is interesting to note that two 
cows on St. George bore the T brand of 1899. 

Practically every active bull on both islands was examined critically, 
but not a single brand was seen and none was reported by the gov- 
ernment agents or the natives. The branded bull on Kitovi, which 
last year completed his fifth season, has disappeared. Another 
bull, blind in one eye, occupied a site on Kitovi for the third season. 
In other years bulls with scars or other distinguishable marks have 
been seen at various stations, but these have rarely continued on the 
active list for more than three or four seasons. It is therefore an 
established fact that under ordinary circumstances the male becomes 
active at 8 years of age and lives three or. four years thereafter. 
The age of the female is not known with the same degree of certainty, 
but it is commonly believed that she lives to the same age. 



APPENDIX— EXTRACT FROM FIELD NOTES. 

Beginning early in August, the harems begin to show signs of 
disorganization; the majority of the cows have been served and are 
free to come or go without serious let or hindrance; the idle and half 
bulls roam about at will and the breeding season thus passes into its 
last stage. From this time on observations producing no unwonted 
disturbance are to be made only from some place of concealment, 
such as are supplied by the cliffs of Ardiguen or Lukanin. To these 
two spots I repaired practically every day in August, and for varying 
lengths of time watched the life of the seal herd. It is unnecessary to 
detail observations that have already been recorded by several stu- 
dents of the subject, but I may voice again the general verdict that 
such a show of mammalian life is to be met with nowhere else on the 
face of the earth, 'and from several points of view it would indeed be 
a calamity if the seal meets the fate of the manatee, the sea otter, or 
the buffalo. 

Concerning other life on the islands, much has been said and much 
remains to be investigated. For many years the bird life has received 
the attention of the ornithologist and the more important phases of 
the problems involved have probably been settled; yet there are 
other matters of minor detail relating to stray migrants, nest mate- 
rials, and construction and feeding that well deserve attention. 

The insects of the islands are numerous and of all the animals or 
plants doubtless afford some of the most important and interesting 
problems, if not the very greatest, of purely scientific character re- 
maining to be solved. Owing to the brevity of the summer season, 
some of the stages in the life history are completed in a surprisingly 
short space of time, and a comparison of the life histories of related 
insects in adjoining regions would be interesting to say the least. 
Furthermore, the conditions under which they survive the winter 
will also be an interesting chapter in the life of the island organisms. 

The flowering plants have been the subject of much study, and it 
is doubtful if many novelties will be recorded in the future. To a less 
extent this is true of the lichens, but there are unquestionably small 
species that have escaped detection; and again there are modifica- 
tions due to habitat that make it altogether possible that superficially 
similar forms may in reality be distinct species. Among the fungi 
there are certainly new forms. On some of the upland slopes in the 
early season I have found species that do not correspond to any 

described in the reports of the region. 

21 



22 ALASKA FUR-SEAL ROOKERIES, 1910. 

It is highly desirable that a museum be installed on the islands, 
containing, so far as is practicable, specimens of all the animals and 
plants. And equally desirable is a library, comprising all works that 
in any way are concerned with the biology of the country. 

Finally, one word relating to the natives. Considering their ante- 
cedents, and especially their former mode of life and lack of advan- 
tages, these people have made truly remarkable strides, and j T et there 
is obviously room for improvement. By nature conservative, they 
are somewhat nonplastic, but at heart they are anxious to better their 
condition, and they do respond with comparative readiness to all 
uplifting influences. In matters relating to personal hygiene there is 
much to be desired, and, improved, their span of life will doubtless 
be lengthened to a very noticeable degree. And, again, it is highly 
desirable that during the long and confining winter both the men and 
women have some tiling to occupy their time — something profitable 
and yet agreeable, and if possible with a resulting value in some 
larger community. It is difficult to decide what is best. Numerous 
plans have suggested themselves, but none of them are free from cer- 
tain inherent difficulties, and I earnestly hope that those more com- 
petent may give the subject their serious, consideration, for certainly 
this species of missionary work carries a rich reward. 

In addition to the questions here outlined are others of deep import. 
Years ago Darwin called attention to the remarkable similarity of 
the animals on the Galapagos Islands to those on the western 
slope of South America, and on the basis of this likeness formulated 
his theory of evolution. Doubtless on the Pribilof Islands the same 
conditions exist when compared with others of the mainland. Exten- 
sive breeding experiments are being carried on in several sections of 
our country, but it is by no means certain that new species are cre- 
ated in the period measured by a man's life or even in a hundred 
years. On the islands, however, in a normal habitat, evolutionary 
agencies have doubtless made their influence felt, even though the 
islands are geologically young. It seems therefore wise to make 
extensive collections of the island fauna and flora, to study these 
critically, and, finally, to compare them with related species on the 
mainland. These results might be very interesting when considered 
in connection with the newly formed island of Bogoslof. On this 
body of land, forced above the sea within the memory of man, we 
already find plants thriving, and there are doubtless animals on the 
land or along the shore. Even if there are no visible differences 
between organisms on this island and those of the Aleutian chain, 
we may gain some insight into the means whereby their transporta- 
tion has been accomplished, and if collections and careful notes 
are kept in the near future the evolutionary side of the subjects may 
be studied sometime in the years to come. 



THE FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910 

By Walter L Lembkey 

Agent in Charge 



Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 749 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

The new administration 3 

Increased scope of agents' duty 3 

Hire of vessel and purchase and transportation of supplies I 

Employees 5 

Transfer of lessee's property 6 

Natives' affairs 8 

Supply depot 9 

Bank accounts 10 

Resources of natives 11 

Census of inhabitants 12 

Management of seal herd 12 

Marking of bachelors 12 

Statistics of killing 14 

Skins shipped 14 

Record of drives 15 

Weights of skins taken 19 

Enumeration of breeding herd 21 

Counts of harems 21 

Counts of pups 23 

Number of breeding dows 23 

Census of entire seal herd 24 

Estimate of half bulls 24 

Estimate of 2-year-olds 24 

Number of yearlings 25 

Number of 3-year-olds 25 

Summary of seal life in 191 25 

Pup-raising experiments 26 

Pelagic sealing 28 

Wreck of revenue-cutter Perry 29 

Foxes 29 

Conditions and trapping on St. George 30 

Trapping on St. Paul 31 

Recommendations 31 

Killing of bachelor seals 31 

Support of natives 33 

Scheme of compensation of natives 36 

Natives on the Aleutian Archipelago 36 

Manual training for natives 39 

Fire protection for Pribilof Islands 40 



THE FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



By Walter I. Lembkey, 
Agent in charge. 



THE NEW ADMINISTRATION. 

With the passage of the act of April 21, 1910, the leasing system, 
which since 1870 had required that the sealing right on the Pribilof 
Islands be let in 20-year periods to the highest bidder, was abrogated. 
This new law neither suspended the killing of seals on the islands 
nor required it to be curtailed, but provided that such killing should 
be done only by the authority of the Secretary of Commerce and 
Labor through officers, agents, or employees of that Department, 
the natives to be employed to perform the labor necessary to secure 
the sealskins and to receive fair compensation for their labor. So 
also the sealskins taken under the authority and by the persons 
already mentioned should be sold by the Secretary to the best advan- 
tage of the Government. 

By this act the Secretary of Commerce and Labor was given 
authority also to appoint such additional officers, agents, and em- 
ployees as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of the act; 
to purchase at a fair valuation the plant of the former lessee on the 
islands; to establish and maintain supply depots on the Pribilof 
Islands; to provide for the transportation of supplies by the charter 
of vessels; and, finally, to furnish food, fuel, clothing, and other 
necessaries of life to the natives of the Pribilof Islands, and to pro- 
vide for their comfort, maintenance, education, and protection. 

INCREASED SCOPE OF AGENTS ' DUTY. 

This act placed upon the Department heavy responsibilities which 
hitherto had been borne by the lessee. The business of killing seals 
and curing the skins, the mercantile business with a stock of approxi- 
mately $40,000 worth of goods, and, in short, all other practical 
affairs, were required to be actively managed by the Department 
agents, who previously had occupied the virtual status of inspectors 
of the lessee's operations, in addition to the duty of examination of 
the seal herd and the administration of the natives' affairs. 

The act mentioned had not been approved by the President before 
those charged with the management of the seal fisheries were giving 
their attention to the working out of the details under the new con- 

3 



4 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

ditions. On May 9 the annual instructions to the agent in charge 
were signed; shortly afterwards $2,000 in cash was advanced to the 
agent to pay for labor on the islands other than that of killing seals, 
bonds being given by himself and assistant agents to insure the 
proper handling of this fund and the faithful performance of duties 
in general. On May 17 the agent in charge left Washington to begin 
the preparations for carrying out the requirements of the act of April 
21, 1910. 

HIRE OF VESSEL AND PURCHASE AND TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES. 

On May 21 the agent arrived in San Francisco and on the 26th a 
charter for the steamer Homer at $142.50 per diem was signed, sub- 
ject to the approval of the Department of Commerce and Labor. 
This vessel was delivered under the charter June 1, and was sent first 
to the coal bunkers to receive her fuel and cargo coal and thence to 
the covered dock of the Cosmos Line to receive freight. 

After the charter of the Homer was completed, the purchase of 
supplies for the natives and the islands in general was next to be 
taken up. ' It was found at once that the best prices on the goods 
required could not be obtained without inviting competitive bids; 
consequently, with the assistance of the North American Commercial 
Company, the retiring lessee, which placed its annual requisitions 
at the Department's disposal, schedules of the principal classes of 
merchandise were prepared in triplicate and presented to three of 
the largest mercantile firms in the several lines of business, with the 
request that each submit a bid in writing. All merchandise, with 
the exception of small articles of miscellaneous classification, was 
thus purchased from the lowest bidder, after a careful inspection of 
the goods to determine whether the quality as well as the price was 
satisfactory. 

It was necessary to visit in person the place of business of each 
firm to solicit these bids; to go again to make purchases, and again 
to deliver the vouchers in payment of the articles purchased. With 
this and the attendant clerical work, it is considered that no time 
was wasted in the preparations incident to the sailing of the supply 
ship for the islands. 

During the period from June 1 to 10, the supplies were purchased 
and the vessel loaded. On June 11 the Homer sailed from San 
Francisco, arriving at Dutch Harbor June 24. Coaling there, she 
proceeded to the islands, arriving at St. George June 27 and St. 
Paul June 29. Having discharged all freight, she left on July 1 
for Dutch Harbor to load coal for the natives' use. Delivering this 
coal on July 7-11, she returned to San Francisco July 23. 

Taking on another cargo of merchandise, together with coal enough 
for the round trip to the islands, the Homer again left San Francisco 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IX 1910. 5 

August 6, arriving at Dutch Harbor August 21, at St. George the 23d, 
and St. Paul the 24th. Having received the sealskins aboard, she 
left St. Paul August 28 and arrived back at San Francisco Septem- 
ber 12. 

The sealskins were taken at once to Oakland Long Wharf, where, 
carefully packed in casks and placed in ventilated freight cars, they 
left on the night of September 14 for New York and thence were 
shipped to London to be sold at public auction. 

EMPLOYEES. 

It has already been stated that during the continuance of the leases 
of the two companies the Government agents on the islands were 
not concerned with the active management of business, but acted with 
regard to it merely as inspectors. This does not refer to the supervision 
of the natives' affairs, the management of which was never the subject 
of concern by any of the lessee's employees. Under these circum- 
stances the services of the four agents were ample to oversee properly 
the operations of the lessee and to perform such duties as might be 
required of the Government's representatives. With the taking over, 
however, of the business which heretofore formed the exclusive con- 
cern of the lessee, an increase in the number of the Government 
employees on the islands became necessary. 

Special biological study of the seal herd having been decided upon, 
a naturalist was appointed for this work, Dr. Harold Heath, of 
Stanford University, accepting the position until permanent arrange- 
ments could be made. The selection of the additional employees and 
the assignment of their duties were left to the agent. Of the force 
required, it was considered advisable to retain as many of the em- 
ployees of the late lessee as could be used, as these men were efficient, 
skilled in their duties, and required no instruction other than that 
necessary to acquaint them with new conditions. 

During the summer the force of employees on the islands, in 
addition to the agents and the naturalist, was as follows: 



Name. 


Position. 


Period. 


Annual 
salary. 


On St. Paul Island: 






SI. 800 






. ...do 


1,200 


11. C. Mills 




Until fall 


1.200 








720 






...do 


300 






do 


240 


Do 




do 


180 


On St. George Island: 




Until fall 


1,200 






...do 


1,200 


Ned B. Campbell 




Indefinite 

Until fall.. 


900 






720 






Indefinite 


300 
240 
180 






Do 




.do.... 









6 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

Mr. Proctor assumed his duties with the idea of serving during 
the winter on St. Paul. Subsequently, by an order of Secretary 
Nagel, made during the Secretary's visit to St. Paul, Mr. Proctor 
was transferred to St. George as acting assistant agent, in place of 
Assistant Agent Clark, who returned to the Department. Dr. Mills 
served only during the summer, returning to his home at his own 
request. The Chinese cooks on both islands were relieved at their 
own request by others brought up from San Francisco. Assistant 
Agents James Judge and E. W. Clark with Agent Lembkey returned 
to the Department on the Homer. 

Messrs. Murtha and Cunningham served only during the summer, 
as was contemplated when they were first appointed. Dr. Pedro de 
Figaniere was sent up by the Department to take the place of Dr. 
Cunningham. Mr. Campbell was appointed by the Department. 
All others were appointed provisionally from the force on the islands. 

During the ensuing winter the force of employees on the two 
islands will be as follows: 

St. Paul: H. D. Chichester, assistant agent in charge; Walter L. 
Hahn, naturalist; Norman P. Morgan, physician; S. Melovidof, 
school-teacher; a Chinese cook; and N. Bogadanof, stockman. 

St. George: A. H. Proctor, acting assistant agent; P. de Figaniere, 
physician; Ned B. Campbell, school-teacher; a Chinese cook; and 
M. Lestenkof, stockman. 

The respective assistant agents are performing their usual duties in 
addition to those heretofore devolving upon the lessee's agents. When 
it is considered also that the office force of the lessee in San Fran- 
cisco, with over $20,000 in salaries, has been eliminated, it will be 
seen that the island service, while highly efficient, is conducted at a 
minimum of expenditure. No increase in administrative force has 
occurred. A bookkeeper, two physicians, and two school-teachers only 
have been added, in addition to cooks and miscellaneous native help. 

TRANSFER OF LESSEE'S PROPERTY. 

By a letter dated May 7, 1910, from the Commissioner of Fisheries, 
the agent was directed to confer with the North American Commercial 
Company and if possible to arrive at a fair and just valuation to be 
placed upon the property of that company on the Pribilof Islands, 
with a view to purchase by the Government. 

Two days after arrival at San Francisco a conference was had with 
the company, at which a statement of the presumed value to the 
Government of the company's holdings on the islands was made. 
After consideration of the question the company several days later 
agreed to transfer t>he Pribilof Islands plant at the valuation proposed 
at the previous conference. 

Upon arrival at the islands an inventory as of June 30 was taken. 
Later, the transaction having received the approval of Secretary 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Nagel, who personally visite^l the islands and inspected the plant, 
vouchers were drawn to cover the various amounts shown on the 
inventory according to the basis of settlement proposed and accepted, 
and were transmitted to the Department for settlement. 

A recapitulation of the inventories on the two islands, as taken on 
June 30, 1910, with a memorandum of the basis of settlement, follows : 



ST. PAUL ISLAND. 



Company's inventory. 



Merchandise $5, 154. 33 

Tools and implements 3, 522. 83 

Drugs and instruments 816. 63 

Household furniture 2, 957. 22 

Dispensary furniture 159. 97 

Boats and bidarras 3, 835. 40 



Telephone line 367. 79 

School supplies 276. 29 

Company buildings 25, 683. 45 

Native dwellings 17, 369. 11 

Sea-lion skins 138. 00 

Live stock 967. 62 

Salt and twine 1, 260. 02 

Fox skins (traps, etc) 61. 88 

Library 1, 012. 86 

Wharf wavs and derrick 804. 63 

Coal, 66 tons 1,339 pounds, at $20 1,331. 97 

Total 65, 620. 00 



Settlement price. 



San Francisco invoice cost $5, 

50 per cent of inventory 1, 

Inventory cost 

25 per cent deducted from inventory 2, 

Do 

Launch $2,000 

Boat 400 

Do 275 

3 bidarras, at $175 each 525 3, 

Lump sum 

Do 

50 per cent of inventory 12, 

Do 8, 

Inventory cost 

Do 

Do 1, 

Do 

Lump sum 

50 per cent of inventory 

Same, at $17 1, 



154.33 
761. 41 
816. 63 
217. 92 
119. 98 



200.00 
90.00 
257. 00 
841. 72 
634. 55 
138. 00 
967. 62 
260. 02 
61.88 
200.00 
402. 31 
132. 17 



Total 39, 255. 54 



ST. GEORGE ISLAND. 



Merchandise 

Coal, 38 tons, at $20 

Dispensary 

Live-stock account 

Groceries, company house mess. 



Salt and seal twine 

Old salt 

Sea-lion skins 

Boats and bidarras 1 , 

Company buildings 11, 

Derrick and landing (including cars and 

track) 1, 

House and office furniture 2, 

Library 

Native" dwellings 6, 

Telephone 

Tools and implements 1, 



,352.03 
760.00 
718.97 
313. 72 
227.73 

198. 10 
9S.87 
85. 71 
215.06 
604. 04 

737. 23 
043. 63 
670.64 
646.96 
297. 25 
164.47 



Total 34, 135. 31 



San Francisco invoice cost $6, 352. 00 

Same, at $17 646. 00 

50 per cent of inventory 359. 48 

Inventory cost 313. 72 

San Francisco invoice cost 227. 73 

San Francisco invoice cost after inspec- 
tion 198. 10 

Do 98.87 

Inventory cost 85. 71 

Lump sum 700. 00 

50 per cent 5. 802. 02 

Do 868. 61 

25 percent deduction 1,532.72 

Lump sum 100. 00 

50 per cent 3, 323. 48 

Do 148. 62 

Do 582. 23 



Total 21, 339. 32 



The foregoing lists represent a total valuation for both islands of 
),568.17. Subsequent deductions because of errors in addition, 
computation, etc., reduced this amount by $26.69. A final settle- 
ment was made by the Department for $60,541.48 and checks for 
that amount were transmitted to the company. 

With the exception of the buildings, practically everything on the 
inventory represents new stock, purchased by the company during 
its lease and not acquired from the former lessee. With regard to 
the buildings it may be said that, although erected by the former 
lessee, they have been kept from deterioration by constant repair 
and could not be replaced for anything approaching the price 
paid for them by the Government. On St. George the company's 
59395°— 11 25 



8 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

dwelling house and warehouses were virtually rebuilt by the late lessee, 
when also several new native dwellings were added. On St. Paul con- 
stant repairs were made to all the buildings during the period of the 
lease, and the buildings not only are habitable but efficient. When 
it is considered furthermore that only 50 per cent of the inventory 
valuation was paid for these buildings, it may be seen that the price 
was not excessive. 

NATIVES' AFFAIRS. 

Upon the agents' arrival at the islands considerable anxiety was 
found to have existed in the minds of the natives and others as to 
the time of arrival of the supply ship and the arrangements which 
might be made for the conduct of affairs under the changed condi- 
tions. Through the revenue cutters which touched at the islands 
previous to the arrival of the Homer, information had been received 
of the assumption of active management by the Government, but no 
intimation as to what efforts were being put forth by the Department 
for taking charge of the practical affairs. This anxiety had been 
heightened by the fact that the supply of some articles of necessity, 
as food on St. Paul, had been almost consumed. In fact, to provide 
against an imminent shortage it had become necessary in the early 
part of June to obtain by the revenue cutter Manning a quantit}^ of 
flour, biscuits, salt beef, and canned vegetables from Dutch Harbor. 
In addition to this fear of impending famine, the natives had received 
the impression that they would be obliged to labor for the Govern- 
ment without any compensation other than clothing and food, as 
had been actually the case under the Russian regime. 

The agents' first effort, therefore, was to allay these impressions 
and to establish relations of confidence with the natives, though, as a 
matter of fact, the arrival of a shipload of supplies and of a gunny 
sack containing about 150 pounds of coin had the effect automati- 
cally of removing the greater portion of this uncertainty. In addition, 
conferences were had with individual natives and with the assembled 
communities, in which the changes which had occurred during the 
past season were explained and assurance was given that the intention 
of the Government was to improve the present condition of the 
natives wherever possible rather than to make it less favorable than 
under the late lessee. 

It was necessary specifically to reassure them that cash payments 
for sundry labor would be continued under the new management. 
This has been the source of almost all the cash received by the 
natives, and the loss of it the occasion of their chief anxiety. The 
assurance of the continuation of these payments in cash, together 
with the increase in the rate of payment for taking sealskins, and the 
material reduction in the prices at winch merchandise is to be sold 
to the natives out of the stores on the islands, all had the effect of 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA TN 1910. 



restoring confidence and obtaining a renewal of the natives' good 
will. 

Supply depot. — Immediately upon the arrival of the Homer all 
hands not entirely occupied with sealing began taking an inventory 
of merchandise and other property belonging to the company, with a 
view to its being taken over by the Government, in accordance with 
instructions contained in the letter to the agent in charge dated 
May 7, 1910. This inventory was prepared in time to be transmitted 
on the return of the Homer on her first trip. 

After completing the inventory the merchandise which arrived on 
the Homer was uncrated and checked with the invoices. The price 
was marked on the articles at the rate fixed in the instructions of 
the agent, namely, a flat rate of 33 J per cent advance over San 
Francisco wholesale prices. The prices of those articles of mer- 
chandise also which were taken over from the company were made 
to conform to the prices fixed for the new invoices of goods. 

The application of this flat rate of 33J per cent advance had the 
result of selling merchandise to the natives at lower prices than ever 
before in the history of the islands. Because of high market prices 
in San Francisco at the time the spring requisition was purchased 
the retail price of butter was increased from 35 cents to 42 cents; 
flour remained the same, at $1.75 a quarter barrel; lard was raised 
from 18 cents to 21 cents a pound; rubber boots, from $6 to $6.35 a 
pair; canned beef from 30 cents to 35 cents each. Some few other 
articles were sold at the same rate as formerly; all other prices were 
reduced. A statement of some of these reduced prices follows: 



Articles. 



Apples: 

Canned 

Evaporated 

Apricots, canned 

Arctics: 

Men's 

Women's 

Beans, canned 

Bedspreads 

Beef, salt 

Blackberries, canned 

Blankets 

Calico 

Candles 

Candy, 2 pounds 

Chimneys, lamp 

Coffee 

Collars, white 

Corn, canned 

Crackers: 

Soda 

Sweet 

Cups and saucers set. . 

Dress goods 

Ewers and basins set. . 

Gingham 

Gloves, men's, wool 

Knives, pocket 

Jams 

Jelly 

Lining, cotton 

Milk, condensed 



Former 
price. 



$0.25 

:for .30 

.25 

2.25 

1.50 

.20 

2.25 

• 12| 
.25 

7.00 
.10 

• 02! 
.50 
.15 
.25 
.25 



.10 
.20 
.20 
.60 
2.00 
.15 
.50 
.40 
.25 
.25 
.15 
.25 



Present 
price. 



$0.20 

3 for . 25 

.20 

1.90 

1.35 
.15 

1.70 
.09 
.20 

5.50 

3 for . 25 

.02 

.25 

2 for . 15 

.20 

2 for . 25 

.15 

3 for . 25 

.15 
.15 
.50 
1.25 
2 for . 25 
.25 
.30 
.20 
.20 
.12! 
.20 



Articles. 



Needles 

Oil: 

Coal 

Cottonseed 

Onions 

Peaches, canned 

Pears, canned 

Peas 

Potatoes 

Baking powder 

Prunes 

Raisins 

Rice 

Worcestershire sauce, Ameri- 
can 

Shoes: 

Babies' 

Do 

Boys' 

Children's 

Do 

Men's 

Misses' 

Women's 

Do 

Swiss, dotted 

Soap 

Socks 

Tea 

Tobacco, leaf 

Tomatoes, canned 

Trousers 



Former 
price. 



$0.05 

.40 

.35 

.06! 

.25 

.25 

.20 

.03! 

.20 

.15 

.15 

.25 

.25 



Present 
price. 



3 for 



.75 

1.25 

3.00 

2.50 

2.00 

4.00 

2.50 

3.00 

4.50 

.25 

.061 

.50 

.50 

.50 

.20 

5.00 



2 for $0.05 

.26 

.25 

.05 

.20 

.20 

.15 

.02 J 

.15 

3 for . 25 

3 for . 25 

3 for . 20 

.15 

.55 

.90 

2.00 

1.75 

1.40 

3.15 

1.75 

2.35 

2.60 

.15 

.05 

.45 

.25 

.40 

.15 

4.00 



10 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

On every weekly order issued a saving of from 75 cents to $1.50 
was made by reason of these reduced prices. In addition the price 
of coal was reduced from $20 a ton to $12.75 plus a small charge for 
stevedorage at either end. While no accurate computation has yet 
been made, it is believed that by reason of the reduced prices of com- 
modities sold the purchasing power of the natives will be increased by 
several thousands of dollars. 

Bank accounts. — When the Alaska Commercial Company in 1870 
began taking seals under its lease, in addition to providing comfortable 
dwellings for the native inhabitants, it also endeavored to encourage 
thrift among them by receiving deposits of money from such natives 
as desired to open savings accounts. On these accounts, which were 
subject to check at all times, the company paid interest at the rate of 
4 per cent on balances found on May 31 of each year. During the 
period of this company's lease some natives had accumulated accounts 
of over $2,000 each. 

These accounts were taken over by the North American Commercial 
Company when it succeeded to the sealing privilege in 1890. While 
during the 20-year lease of the latter company these funds on deposit 
became smaller, due to the lessened amounts earned by the natives 
and to distribution to nonresident heirs upon death of the owner of 
the account, there still remained a few so-called bank accounts in the 
hands of the North American Commercial Company at the time of 
the expiration of its lease. 

When the contract of the North American Commercial Company 
expired in 1910 these funds remained on deposit with it, and some 
action with reference thereto became necessary on the part of the 
Government, which then took over the active management of the 
business. 

In the instructions dated May 9, 1910, it was directed that if the 
balance on the bank account of any native was small it should be paid 
by the company directly to the native; if, however, the native desired, 
it should be held by the company and deposited in a safe financial 
institution in San Francisco by the agent in charge as attorney in 
fact for the benefit of the native owning the account, the interest to 
be collected annually and paid directly to the native. 

Upon arrival at the islands last spring the natives were informed 
of the situation and told that if they desired their money could be de- 
posited in a bank in San Francisco previously selected, which would 
pay interest at the rate of 3| per cent per annum. They all assented 
to the redepositing of their funds in the manner stated. 

Such small accounts as did not exceed $25 were paid to the owner 
in cash by the company; the accounts of larger amount than that 
stated were closed by the company's presenting the respective owners 
with drafts for the several amounts. 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



11 



Each native who possessed one of these drafts delivered the same 
to W. I. Lembkey and upon blanks previously provided signed a 
power of attorney to him authorizing him to deposit the drafts with 
a bank in San Francisco, to collect the amount of any interest due 
thereon and to give receipts for the same. 

A list of the accounts and the persons to whom they belong follows: 

St. George Island: 

Fevronia Galanin $40. 00 

Dimitri Lestenkof 137. 00 

Michael Lestenkof 240. 00 

Peter Prokopiof 83. 55 

Emanuel Zaharof 33.20 

Zoya Swetzof 123. 00 

Mary Galanin 245.00 

Michael Shane 63. 55 

Mary Philamonof 90. 05 



Total 1,055.35 



St. Paul Island: , 

Alexander Merculief 170. 00 

Nekita Hopof 50. 00 

Agrifina Bbgadanof 161.10 

Marina Stepetin 40. 00 

Apollon Bourdukofsky 203. 30 

Parascovia Kozlof 150. 00 



St. Paul Island — Continued. 

Peter Bourdukofsky 

Elizabeth Rookavishnikof. 
Agrifina Fratis 


$130. 00 
40.00 
71.00 


Agrifina S. Pankof 

Peter Oustigof 


285. 00 
140. 00 


Alexander Melovidof 

Julia B. Krukof 

Simeon Fratis 


235. 00 

170. 00 

71.00 


Akalina Fratis 


426. 00 


Alexai Emanof 

Tekan Volkof 


230. 00 
966. 00 


Martha Fratis 


71.00 


John Hansen 

Oulianna Fratis 


370. 00 
71.00 



Total 4,050.40 



Grand total 5, 105. 75 



The St. Paul drafts were deposited to the credit of W. I. Lembkey, 
trustee for the various natives. Separate accounts were opened with 
each fund and pass books provided to be delivered to each native 
owning the account. In cases where the money was owned by a 
minor child, the account was opened in the name of its natural 
guardian — either one of its parents, or if an orphan, the person with 
whom it resides — with Agent Lembkey as trustee for the guardian. 

Upon taking the St. George drafts to the bank it was discovered that 
by an oversight they had not been indorsed by the persons in whose 
favor they were drawn. Unfortunately, therefore, they could not be 
deposited. An arrangement was made with the North American 
Commercial Company, however, whereby the amount of these St. 
George drafts, $1,055.35, was deposited "by the company to protect the 
drafts which it will be necessary to take back to St. George Island for 
proper indorsement. After being so indorsed they will be paid by 
the bank and savings accounts opened with each of the persons 
named, in the same manner as the drafts from St. Paul. 

The interest on these accounts will be collected annually and paid 
to the proper persons. The receipts for money so paid will be sub- 
mitted with the annual report. 

Resources of natives. — During the summer of 1910, from taking 
seals, and the previous winter from trappings foxes on St. George, 



12 .FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

the natives of the islands earned the following amounts, to be applied 
to their support: 

St. George: 

203 blue foxes, at $5; 9 white, at $1 $1, 024 

2,834 sealskins, at $1 2, 834 

St. Paul: 

664 sealskins, at 75 cents 498 

10,088 sealskins, at $1 10, 088 " 

Total : 14, 444 

As the fox skins were delivered to the North American Commercial 
Company, that company paid directly to the agent on St. George for 
the natives the amount of $1,024, due the natives on that account. 
The company also paid in cash to the agent on St. Paul the $498 due 
the natives from the 664 sealskins which the Department authorized 
the company to take to complete its quota of 15,000 for 1909. The 
amounts of $10,088 earned by the St. Paul natives and $2,834 earned 
by the St. George natives for taking the sealskins shipped on Govern- 
ment account in 1910 were credited to the natives on the island 
books. Payments of cash therefrom were not made except of small 
sums in very rare instances. Each native sealer, however, was 
allowed to draw supplies against this fund at a fixed rate each week 
until the cost of such supplies equaled the amount of the native's 
credit from earnings; after this, supplies to be issued to him directly 
from the stores in sufficient quantity to support himself and family. 

The various statements of the division of natives' earnings are filed 
in the Bureau of Fisheries at Washington. 

Census of inhabitants . — On St. Paul, on June 30, 1910, there were 
198 resident natives, including 98 males and 100 females, a net 
increase of 5 over the previous census. During the year 13 births, 
1 arrival, and 9 deaths occurred. 

On St. George, at the same date in 1910, 91 natives were present, 
of which 45 were males and 46 females. Six births and 2 deaths 
occurred during the year, leaving a net increase of 4 in the population. 

Detailed censuses are filed in the Bureau of Fisheries at Washington. 

MANAGEMENT OF SEAL HERD. 
MARKING OF BACHELORS. 

The general instructions to the agent, dated May 9, 1910, required 
that not any 2-year-old bachelors but only 500 3-year-old bachelors 
should be marked to form the breeding reserve. This was predicated 
upon the assumption that the 500 3-year-olds so reserved would be 
over 14 per cent of the whole number of such young males in the 
herd. Subsequently, by a telegram from the Secretary dated June 
6, which, not having been delivered, presumably through the fault 
of the telegraph company, was repeated June 10, the number of 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



13 



3-year-old males to be reserved by marking was increased from 500 
to 1,000. 

These were apportioned between the two islands, by assigning 800 
to St. Paul and 200 to St. George, for the reason that there are in 
round numbers four times as many breeding seals on St. Paul as on 
St. George. Upon arrival at St. George Island a copy of the annual 
instructions was given to Assistant Agent Clark, and he was also 
informed that the quota of bachelors to be reserved on St. George 
was 200 3-year-olds. As the vessel remained at St. George only a 
few hours, and as numerous other matters required consideration, it 
was not possible to put into writing the various explanations of the 
instructions. 

Upon my return to St. George Island two weeks later I was informed 
by Agent Clark that the quota of marked bachelors had been secured. 
No statement of the number so marked, however, was made, and at 
the close of the season among the data received detailing the season's 
work on St. George no mention was made of the number of bachelors 
branded. Upon meeting Agent Clark on the Homer after he had left 
St. George for San Francisco, upon specific inquiry I ascertained for 
the first time that the instructions were misapprehended by him and 
that he had sought to brand on St. George only 100 3-year-olds, and 
did actually brand only 108 of that class of young males. He had 
not the memoranda showing the dates on which drives were made for 
this purpose and the number secured from each drive. As the season 
then had been closed for three weeks it was useless to cause the 
marking of an additional number to make up the deficiency in the 
breeding reserve for that island. 

On St. Paul, however, more young males were branded than the 
total number for both islands required by the instructions. Previous 
to my arrival on that island, on June 29, with the current instructions, 
Assistant Agent Judge, acting under the instructions for the previous 
year, had already marked 337 2-year olds in addition to 279 3-year- 
olds, 14 4-year-olds, and 5 5-year-olds. After my arrival additional 
3-year-olds only were marked to complete the number of that class 
required for St. Paul. A record of the bachelors marked on St. Paul, 
showing also dates and rookeries driven from, follows: 

Record of Bachelors Marked on St. Paul Island for Breeding Purposes, 

Season of 1910. 



Date. 


Rookery. 


Two 
years. 


Three 
years. 


Four 
years. 


Five 

years. 




Reef 


46 

82 

209 


77 

56 

146 

246 

191 

91 






27 
28 








14 


5 


Julv 2 






4 


Reef 
















Total 










337 


807 


14 


5 









14 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

The total number of bachelors marked on both islands, therefore, 
would be as follows: 2-year-olds, 337; 3-year-olds, 915; 4-year-olds, 
14; 5-year-olds, 5; total, 1,271. 

The report of London trade sales this year shows that 5,006 large 
pup and middling pup skins (which are accepted to be those of 3-year- 
old bachelors) appeared in the 1910 catch. Adding to these the 915 
reserved 3-year-olds would make a total of 5,921 of that class which 
we might claim were in the herd in 1910. Of this whole number, 
the number reserved (915) is over 15 per cent. 

Two-year-old males were not required by the current instructions 
to be reserved, for the reason that the number of 2-year-olds having 
skins of 5 pounds and under, together with those 2-year-olds winch 
would not appear in the drives at all, of which there are always some, 
it was believed would be sufficient to supply the necessary number 
of 3-year-olds in 1911. 

STATISTICS OF KILLING. 

St. Paul. — From August 9, 1909, to June 17, 1910, 6 drives of seals 
on St. Paul and 2 on Sea Lion Rock were made to furnish food to the 
inhabitants of St. Paul. From these, 1,573 skins were obtained, 
including 1 from a seal found dead at Rocky Point. From July 3 to 
31, 29 drives were made on St. Paul for skins, in which 8,683 skins 
were secured. On August 10, 1910, an additional drive was made 
to furnish food for the natives during the coming " stagey season," 
from which 496 skins were secured. From the sources enumerated 
a total of 10,752 skins were obtained during the season ended August 
10, 1910. 

St. George. — On St. George during the so-called food-killing season, 
from August to November, 1909, 18 seals were killed at Various dates 
by the guard at Zapadni; 8 drives also were made, in which 482 seals 
were killed, filling the quota of 500 for food allowed for that island. 
During the season of killing for skins, 2,314 skins were secured in 10 
drives, 16 were obtained from the seals killed at various times by 
watchmen for food, and 4 were left in salt from the previous season, 
a total of 2,334, in addition to the 500 taken during the food-killing 
season. 

SKINS SHIPPED. 

St. Paul. — Of the skins taken on St. Paul, 664 were delivered to 
the North American Commercial Company, under authority of the 
department's letter of January 5, 1910, to complete that company's 
quota of 15,000 skins for 1909. The remainder, 10,088 skins, were 
available for shipment on Government account. While this number 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 15 

supposedly was shipped from St. Paul on the Homer, on August 28,. 
word was received in October last from Assistant Agent H. D. Chi- 
chester, in charge on St. Paul, that after the departure of the Homer 
with the skins on board a bundle containing 2 sealskins was found 
wedged under the floor of the skin lighter or bidarra, in which 
crevice it had become obscured during the shipment of the skins. 
These two were placed in the salt house to apply on the shipment 
of the following year. The total number of skins, therefore, shipped 
from St. Paul in 1910 for Government account was 10,086. 

St. George. — On August 23, 1910, the whole number of skins taken 
on St. George, from the sources enumerated (2,834), were placed 
on board the Homer to be shipped to San Francisco for Govern- 
ment account. 

The whole number of skins from both islands, recapitulated from 
the data already given, is as follows: 

From St. Paul: 

By North American Commercial Company 664 

By Government 10, 086 

From St. George, by Government 2, 834 

Total 13, 584 

RECORD OF DRIVES. 

On St. Paul, during the season of 1910, no record was kept of 
the seals dismissed from the food drive made on June 6 on Sea Lion 
Rock, as the configuration of the ground there is such that the 
seals can not be herded, but escape in every direction upon the 
landing of the clubbers, who kill such as they can while the seals are 
running off. So also no record- was kept in the drive for "branding" 
on June 17, from which at the same time 145 seals were killed. 
The record of dismissals, therefore, begins on July 3, when the 
drive was made at Northeast Point for "branding," at which, at 
the same time, the 2-year-old bachelors in the drive, not being 
required to be marked, were killed. 

In the 32 drives made on St. Paul from July 3 to August 10, 
a total of 12,434 seals appeared, of which 9,179, or 73 per cent, 
were killed and 3,255 dismissed. Those dismissed consisted of 
1,581 small, 825 large, and 849 of those marked for the breeding 
reserve. This killing was 4 per cent closer than during the lessee's 
killing season of 1909, when 69 per cent of all seals driven were 
killed. 



16 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



Seals Killed and Seals Dismissed from Drives on St. Paul Island, Season op 

1910 



Date. 



July 



10 
14 
14 
15 
15 
16 
20 
20 
21 
21 
22 
25 
25 
26 
26 
28 
28 
29 
30 
30 
31 
Aug. 10 



Rookery. 



Northeast Point 

Reel 

Zapadni 

Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Halfway Point 

Northeast Point 

Reef and Gorbatch. . 
Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Zapadni 

Northeast Point 

Polo vina 

Reef and Gorbatch . . 
Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Zapadni 

Northeast Point 

Halfway Point 

Reef and Gorbatch. . 
Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Zapadni 

Northeast Point 

Halfway Point 

Reef and Gorbatch. . 
Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Zapadni 

Hallway Point 

Northeast Point 

Reel and Gorbatch. . 
Tolstoi and Lukanin 

Zapadni 

Reef and Gorbatch . . 

Total 



Killed. 



437 
331 
li,r, 
142 

77 
293 
437 
120 
198 
407 
5 
429 
131 
339 
-487 
5 
548 
449 
346 
465 

18 
664 
336 
318 

12 
589 
575 
204 
155 
496 



9,179 



Dismissed. 



Small. 



19 
17 
77 
132 



139 
32 
55 
1 
64 
86 
29 
25 

475 



1,581 



Large. 



825 



Branded. 



28 
3 

85 

116 

5 

32 

15 



Total 
driven. 



536 
410 
245 
215 

91 
462 
60S 
144 
258 
473 

15 
474 
158 
402 
674 
6 
679 
551 
461 
616 

38 
911 
440 
431 

16 
744 
753 
283 
222 
1.064 



12, 434 



Per cent 
killed. 



si 
80 
67 
66 

S4 

63 
72 

83 
76 
86 
33 

go 

82 

73 
72 
83 
80 

si 

7.-, 
75 
47 
72 
76 
73 
75 
79 

76 
72 

69 

46 



Classification of Large Seals Dismissed from Drives on St. Paul Island, 

Season of 1910. 



Date. 


Rookery. 


Four 

years. 


Five 
years. 


Six 
years. 


Seven 
years. 


Adult. 


July 4 
5 


Reef 


7 

12 
11 
1 
10 
8 
8 
8 
12 
2 
4 
4 
10 
19 


9 
6 

8 
2 
9 
9 
2 

5 
6 
3 
2 
2 
4 
5 


9 
11 
11 

6 
14 

2 

3 
10 

3 

3 

4 


6 
2 
6 








6 




3 


7 


Halfway Point 




8 




14 
9 

7 
2 
7 
5 




9 






9 






10 






14 






14 






15 






15 




2 
3 
1 




16 




2 


20 






20 






21 




2 
4 
16 

24 
3 
10 
13 

8 


9 
9 

10 

21 

4 

5 

16 

2 

1 

9 

16 

16 

4 

1 


12 

4 

4 
18 

4 
12 

5 

3 
4 
2 
2 
2 


10 
6 
2 
2 
4 
3 
1 
2 
1 
5 
1 
4 

6 




21 






22 






• 25 






25 




2 


26 






26 






28 




2 


28 






29 




17 
14 
7 
9 
12 


4 


30 




2 


30 






31 




1 


Aug. 10 




3 




Total 






255 


195 


148 


111 


19 









FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



17 



On St. George the record of seals driven and dismissed covers the 
period from June 13 to July 31. In this time 3,065 seals were driven 
and 2,295 killed, while 240 small, 343 large, and 187 marked seals 
were released. The number killed represents 74 per cent of the 
whole number driven, an increase of 11 per cent over the killings of 
1909, when 63 per cent of those driven were killed. 

Seals Killed and Seals Dismissed from Drives on St. George Island, Season 

op 1910. 



Date. 


Rookery. 


Killed. 


Dismissed. 


Tota 
driven. 


Per cent 


Small. 


Large. 


Branded. 


killed. 




East 


31 
138 
102 
171 
313 
258 
376 
405 
441 


4 
11 
16 
55 
26 
18 
48 
42 
20 


38 
93 
79 
30 
14 
5 
15 
35 
36 




73 
242 
255 
314 

374 
286 
466 

519 

536 


42 


23 


East and North 




57 


30 


.do 




63 


July 5 

- 12 

16 


East, North, and Staraya Artel. 

do 

North 


58 

21 

5 

27 

37 
39 


54 
83 

90 


21 


North and East 


80 


26 
31 


East, North, and Staraya Artel . 
do 


77 
82 




Total 






2,295 


240 


343 


187 


3,065 


74 









Classification of Large Seals Dismissed from Drives on St. George Island, 

Season of 1910. 



Date. 



June 13 
23 
30 

July 5 
12 
16 
21 
26 
31 



Rookery. 



East 

East and North. 
do 



East, North, and Staraya Artel. 
do 



North 

North and East 

East, North, and Staraya Artel. 
do 



Total. 



Four 
years. 



Five 
years. 



Six 
years. 



Seven 
years. 



9 


3 


18 


7 


21 


10 


6 


3 


6 




1 






2 


11 


5 



36 



It will doubtless be remarked that the percentage of seals killed in 
1910 was greater than in the preceding year. The seals killed in 1910 
were, however, neither larger nor smaller than those taken in 1909, 
but conformed at least as closely to the prescribed ages and weights 
as they did in 1909, the last year of the leasing system. Indeed, 
when doubt arose, as often it does arise, whether a seal was of the 
3-year-old (or killable) age or whether it was of the 4-year-old (or 
prohibited) age, in 1910 the animal was allowed to escape, whereas 
in 1909 it would have been killed. In this respect it may be said 
that the killing in 1910 conformed even more closely to regulations 
than that of 1909. 

Since the animals killed in 1910 were of the same class as those of 
the preceding year, and since the rejections from the drives were 



18 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

fewer in proportion to those killed, it must be concluded that this 
condition is due not to closer killing, but to the absence, for some 
reason, of those animals which are not killable and which when they 
appear in drives make up the number of " rejected'' seals. In other 
words, the bachelors driven were not culled more closely for killables, 
but fewer rejectable seals appeared in the drives, thereby making- the 
rejection percentages smaller. 

One certain reason for this increased percentage of killed in 1910 
is to be found in the lessened number of ''branded" or marked 
bachelors with which to deal during the killing. In previous years 
2,000 of these marked bachelors were present during the killing season, 
while in 1910 only 1,000 of them were marked. Furthermore this 
missing thousand would have been composed of 2-year-olds which 
haul up on the bachelors' hauling-grounds much more frequently 
than do the 3-year-olds. With 1,000 2-year-olds marked for exemp- 
tion from killing, it would have been certain that from 1,200 to 1,500 
more rejections would have occurred during the season, the number 
of rejections of this class varying somewhat from year to year. On 
the other hand, rarely does the number of subsequent rejections of 
the 3-year-olds equal the number of that class actually marked. 

Had 1,200 been added to the number of rejections obtained in 1910, 
the percentage of killed would have been 69, very nearly what it was 
in the year preceding. 

Another presumed cause of the lack of small rejections last year 
is the probable fact that the smaller seals, i. e., those that had skins 
under 5 pounds in weight, failed to haul up on land proportionately 
in the same numbers as hitherto; that is to say, these small seals 
remained for longer periods in the water than usual. In respect to 
this matter we are met with the fact that we are wholly unable to 
state anything definite concerning the hauling habits of young 
bachelors. Some are always in the water and on inaccessible hauling 
grounds, for which reasons no definite idea of the whole number in 
existence can be obtained. Nevertheless, it is known that the haul- 
ing habits of seals vary from year to year; that these habits are altered 
by circumstances not incident to their natural environment, such as 
the action and movement of the pelagic fleet; that these bachelors 
haul in one year in greater numbers proportionately on one island 
than the other, or on one rookery than on other rookeries ; that they 
return to their normal habits with the disappearance of the cause 
which forced them to abandon those habits temporarily. 

For 1910 it can be shown that these small seals, which were yearlings 
the preceding year, were not killed, either as pups or yearlings. Year- 
lings are never killed on land except through unavoidable accident, 
and an analysis of London sales of skins shows that yearlings form 
but a small fraction of 1 per cent of the pelagic catch. Unless they 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 19 

died from natural causes, of which there is no evidence, they must 
be in existence somewhere as 2-year-olds. Not having appeared on 
land during the summer, the natural inference must be that they 
were in the water and did not haul on land. 

That there were in existence small seals which did not haul during 
the summer might be indicated by the fact that in the killing on 
August 10 the number of small seals turned away was entirely 
out of proportion to the usual number occurring in drives during 
the season. The absence of these small seals during the summer 
was a matter of remark, and their reappearance at the last drive of 
the season also was noted with interest. 

In treating of this matter it is desired to show that notwithstanding 
the fact that of seals driven a greater percentage killed appears on 
the record for this year as compared with last, no smaller seals than 
usual were killed and not as large seals were taken as previously. 
The increased percentage is the result, first, of the absence of 2-year- 
old marked bachelors present hi former years, and secondly, to a 
failure of young nonkillable seals to haul on land in their usual num- 
bers during the summer. 

WEIGHTS OF SKINS TAKEN. 

Of the 10,752 skins taken on St. Paul, 10,749 were weighed. Of 
these 70 were under 5 pounds and 48 over 8£ pounds. On St. George, 
2,834 skins were weighed, of which 20 were under 5 pounds and 11 
over 8^. Of the overweight skins on St. Paul, nearly all were taken 
in a food killing on Sea Lion Rock, and before weighing were immersed 
in sea water until they were saturated. In this condition each carried 
several pounds of water, increasing their weight correspondingly. 
Had they been weighed dry, or even with the usual quantity of moist- 
ure, few of them would have been above. the prescribed limit. 

It is not possible to avoid wetting the seals taken on Sea Lion Rock, 
neither is it permissible to salt the skins without weighing. It is 
wholly undesirable also to alter the statistics of weights in such man- 
ner as to attempt to compensate for excess due to the presence of 
water or other foreign substances in. the fur. The weights therefore 
have been recorded as taken, but due allowance must be made for 
conditions which change the weights and which have no relation to 
the size of the skins. 

The skins that were underweight were likewise taken mainly in 
food drives, at a time when the natives were eager for fresh meat and 
when they were restricted to killing seals having skins under 7 pounds. 
With the necessity of rejecting all the females and all the larger males 
from the food drives, it can readily be appreciated that the tendency 
of the natives is to let few of the small males escape, even if the skins 
weigh a few ounces less than 5 pounds. 



20 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



On the whole it can be seen that only a few skins of the whole 
catch were outside the weights prescribed and that these were taken 
unavoidably. 

Weights of Sealskins Taken on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, During the 
Year ended August 10, 1910. 



Weight, 



Pounds. 

4 

4£ 

41 

4* 

5 

5j 

51 

5| 

6 

6i 

6i 

6! 

7 

n 

71 

7f 

8 

8t 

81 

8| 

9 

9} 

91 

9f 

10i 

101 

11 

iii 

12 

Total... 



St. Paul 
Island, a 



6 

4 

20 

40 

670 

710 

1,014 

1,277 

980 

1,113 

1,176 

993 

752 

553 

552 

327 

203 

172 

139 

7 

17 

4 

7 

4 

1 

2 

1 

4 

1 



10,749 



Weight. 



Pounds. 

4 

41 

4| 

5 

b\ 

51 

51 

6 

6J 

6* 

6§ 

7 

7} 

71 

n 

8 

8J 

Si 

9 

9J 

91 

10i 

101 

Total... 



St. George 
Island, b 



14 

125 

82 

406 

202 

628 

106 

524 

114 

321 

43 

168 

21 

54 

4 

5 

6 

1 

2 

1 

1 



2,834 



oNearly all the oversize skins listed from St. Paul Island were taken in a food killing from Sea Lion Rock, 
on which occasion the skins when weighed carried from 1 to 3 pounds of water each. Had they been dry 
when weighed, very few or none would have exceeded the prescribed weights. The major portion of skins 
underweight were taken in food drives for the natives, when large seals were released, and, consequently, 
the smaller seals were killed closely. 

b Of the skins from St. George over or under the limit of weight only 3 were taken during the sealing 
season proper. Four were taken by the company last year, and withheld from the quota; the others were 
taken during food killings, when the natives were particularly eager for fresh meat. 



Following is a statement furnished by Messrs. C. M. Lampson & Co., 
of the sizes of the sealskins consigned to them by the United States 
Government for auction in London. This statement shows the classi- 
fication of the 12,920 skins as weighed and assorted upon their receipt 
by the firm. 



FUR-SEAL, FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



21 



Assortment of Alaska Salted Fur Sealskins for Account of United States 
Government, Department of Commerce and Labor. 



[London, 19th November, 1910, 64 Queen Street, E. C. Subject to recount.] 



Lbs. oz. 

78 smalls 7 15 

713 large 'pups 7 2 

3,032 middling pups 6 7 

4,899 small pups 5 12 

1,266 ex. small pups 5 5 

11 ex. ex. small pups 4 10 

33 smalls, low 7 11 

135 large pups, low 6 9 

498 middling pups, low 6 1 

501 small pups, low 5 9 

88 ex small pups, low 5 

10 smalls, cut 7 2 

71 large pups, cut 6 13 

238 middling pups, cut 6 2 

421 small pups, cut 5 6 

81 ex. small pups, cut 4 15 

6 smalls, rubbed 7 

55 large pups, rubbed 6 14 



195 middling pups, rubbed. 
290 small pups, rubbed 

75 ex. small pups, rubbed. 

36 faulty. 



Lbs. oz. 
... 6 6 
... 5 11 
... 5 3 



12. 732 



5 smalls. 
21 large pups. 
48 middling pups. 
94 small pups. 
18 ex. small pups. 

2 faulty. 



188 



12, 922 



a See p. 15. This number recorded as shipped , but two skins afterwards found wedged under floor of boat 
used for lightering skins to steamer Homer. 

ENUMERATION OF BREEDING HERD. 
COUNTS OF HAREMS. 

The usual counting of harems and idle bulls at the height of the 
season of 1910 disclosed the following: 

Count of Harems and Idle Bulls on St. Paul Island, 1910. 



Date. 


Rookery. 


Harems. 


Idle bulls. 


Quitters. 


Water 
bulls. 


July 12 

12 




9 
29 

77 
7 

54 
53 
9 
41 
11 
2 

110 
50 
20 
12 
251 
206 
118 


3 

5 

7 






Tolstoi Cliffs 


1 
1 

3 
4 
4 
1 
6 




12 


Tolstoi ... 


5 


12 






12 




10 
7 
2 
5 
1 


4 


13 




4 


13 






13 




5 


13 






13 


Gorbatch Cliffs 


2 
15 
2 
5 
7 
17 
4 
9 




13-15 




12 

5 

5 

2 

30 

28 

22 




13-15 




10 


13-15 






13-15 






14 




10 


15 


Reef 


13 


16 




4 




Total 






1,059 


144 


81 


55 









The number of harems on Sea Lion Rock, which could not be 
visited at this season, is placed at 61, the number found last year. 



22 FUR-SEAL. FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

Count op Harems and Idle Bulls on St. George Island, 1910. 



Date. 


Rookery. 


Harems. 


Idle bulls. 


Hauling- 
ground 
bulls. 


Quitters. 


July 14 




4 
22 
37 
103 

48 
47 








East Reef 


6 

a 14 

21 

17 
19 








East Cliffs 








North 


10 
21 
16 














1 




Total 






261 


77 


47 1 











a Includes hauling-ground bulls. 

A summary of the number of bulls on both islands, with a com- 
parison of the number found in 1909, follows: 

Summary op Bulls on St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1910. 



Idle bulls. 



Quitters. 



Hauling- 
ground 
bulls. 



Water 
bulls. 



St. Paul 

St. George 

Sea Lion Rock . 



1,059 
261 
aGl 



144 

77 



Total, 1910. 
Total, 1909 



1,381 
1,399 



221 
172 



82 
139 



o Estimated. 



Compared with 1909 the number of harems on both islands has 
decreased 18, or 1.3 per cent, an inappreciable decrease when con- 
trasted with that which has occurred annually for years". This de- 
crease in harems can not be laid to a scarcity of bulls, as can easily 
be proved, but to a lack of enough cows to provide other bulls with 
harems. 

On the other hand the number of idle bulls — that is to say, those 
mature adult males stationed on rookeries waiting for cows — has been 
increased from 172 to 221, or a gain of 29 per cent. Tins is the result 
of the saving of young males by marking and of further restrictions 
upon killing, commenced in 1904. 

The number of 7-year old males or "quitters," so termed because 
of their tendency while idle to desert their stations when approached 
by man, has decreased from 139 to 82; the number of water bulls has 
increased from 13 to 55, and of the hauling-ground bulls there has 
been a decrease from 98 to 47. As these latter classes are more or 
less unstable and as some of each class could have been in the water 
at the time these counts were made, it is not attempted to ascribe 
specific reasons for the fluctuations in them. The fact is demon- 
strated, however, that young bulls are present in fair numbers. The 
further fact that 13 per cent of the stationed bulls, excluding quitters, 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



23 



are idle, indicates conclusively that the herd of breeding bulls is 
properly safeguarded from too close killing by existing regulations. 

COUNTS OF PUPS. 

Because of the presence of Japanese schooners in numbers close 
to the islands, counts of pups on St. Paul Island were limited to 
Kitovi rookery, including Amphitheater. On St. George Island, 
for the same reason, pups were not counted except on Little East 
rookery, which now embraces only a few seals. The St. Paul counts 
follow : 

Counts op Pups on St. Paul Island, 1910. 





Live 
pups. 


Dead 
pups. 


Total 
pups. 


Harems. 


Average 
harem. 




1,717 

187 


57 
5 


1,774 
192 


53 
9 


33.4 




21.3 






Total, 1910 


1,904 
1,915 


62 

64 


1,966 
1,979 


62 

58 


31.7 


Total, 1909 


34.1 







From the comparisons which the foregoing data afford, it would 
appear that the breeding cows on this rookery have not decreased but 
have remained virtually stationery as regards numbers during this 
period. The harems thereon, however, are more numerous, thus 
giving fewer cows to each bull, or, technically speaking, lowering the 
average harem on this space from 34.1 in 1909 to 31.7 in 1910. 

On St. George the count of pups on Little East, which, as stated, 
was the only count of pups made on that island, disclosed 75 pups in 
4 liarems, or an average of 18.7 cows per harem. The great decrease 
in this rookery (Little East) may be appreciated wherr it is noted that 
in 1897 the seal census made by the Jordan Commission gave to this 
rookery 46 harems and 1,190 cows. The number found there in 1910 
represents a diminution in thirteen years on this small rookery alone 
of 42 harems and 1,115 cows. 

NUMBER OF BREEDING COWS. 

As it is highly impracticable to count the pups on all the rookeries, 
it has been customary to arrive at the whole number of breeding 
cows by estimation based upon an actual count of the whole number 
of harems on the islands and the average number of cows found to 
be in each of the harems of one rookery which is accepted as typical 
of all. 

As the number of harems on all islands has been ascertained to 
be 1,381 and the average harem, as demonstrated by the count of 
Kitovi, to be 31.7, the whole number of breeding cows in 1910 would 
be 43,777. As 45,786 of such cows were shown by this method to 

59395°— 11 26 



24 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

be present in 1909, the decrease between the years, 2,009, represents 
a loss of 4.3 per cent. 

This for all practical purposes, is a fairly accurate measure of the 
number of breeding cows, which constitute the most important 
factor in the herd. While merely an estimate, the number is close 
enough to actual conditions to be approximately correct. A loss of 
only 4.3 per cent in the breeding cows from the pelagic sealing which 
has been practiced with such assiduity during 1910 would seem too 
small. However, the statistics of the seal herd for the last few years 
demonstrate that the rate of decrease during this period has not 
been large, and it is not out of the way to believe that it was small 
in 1910. 

CENSUS OF ENTIRE SEAL HERD. 

Beyond the breeding cows and pups, estimates of which contain 
much of accuracy, an estimate of the whole herd is very difficult to 
make, and is unsatisfactory in that it treats of elements which are not 
susceptible of ascertainment and must be approximated. There are 
also very few means of testing its accuracy at this or a future time. 
The methods used are, however, the best that can be devised and tend 
in the direction of accuracy rather than the opposite. 

ESTIMATE OF HALF BULLS. 

The record of rejections of seals from drives during the summer 
season of 1910 shows that 1,168 young males too large to be killed 
were released from the killing fields. It has been established that not 
by any means all of this class of animals haul in places where they can 
be enumerated and that the number of those actually turned away 
should be doubled at least to arrive at the whole number in existence. 

By doubling the number found, 1,168, we would have 2,336 half 
bulls, from which we may look for recruits to the breeding bulls. 

ESTIMATE OF 2-YEAR-OLDS. 

In 1908 it was computed that 53,884 pups were born. Being 
equally divided as to sex, one half, or 26,942, were males and an equal 
number females. 

In 1909, if we allow the diminution of 50 per cent for mortality at 
sea, which has been taken heretofore to occur among the pups during 
their first migration, one-half of these would return in 1909 as yearlings. 
There should have been then in 1909 by this method of computation 
13,471 yearling males and an equal number of females. These, with 
a loss of something like 10 per cent, would return in 1910 as 2-year- 
olds to the number of approximately 12,124 of each sex. 

We should have in 1910, therefore, by this computation, over 
12,000 virgin or 2-year-old cows and an equal number of males. 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 25 

From the latter, however, at least 7,500 were killed during the last 
summer, leaving approximately 4,500 2-year-old males in existence 
at the close of the season. The above computation would indicate 
that 12,124 2-year-old cows and 4,500 2-year-old males were present 
at the end of the killing season of 1910. 

NUMBER OF YEARLINGS. 

In 1909 it was estimated that 45,764 pups were born, half of which 
were males and half females. By applying a 50 per cent death rate 
during their initial migration we should have in 1910 11,441 yearling 
males and the same number of yearling females. 

NUMBER OF 3-YEAR-OLDS. 

Nine hundred and fifteen 3-year-olds were marked during the 
summer and released as breeders. An uncertain number in addition 
was not driven at all and still survive. It would be a moderate 
allowance to estimate the number of 3-year-olds remaining in the 
herd at 1,200. 

SUMMARY OF SEAL LIFE IN 1910. 

From the foregoing computations an approximate census of seal 
life present on the islands at the close of the sealing season of 1910 
would be as follows: 

Bulls, active with harems 1, 381 

Bulls, idle, and quitters 303 

Half bulls 2,336 

3-year-old bachelors 1, 200 

2-year-old bachelors 4, 500 

Yearling bachelors 11, 441 

Male pups 21,888 

Breeding'cows 43, 777 

2-year-old (virgin) cows 12, 124 

Yearling females 11, 441 

Female pups 21, 888 

Total 132, 279 

The foregoing "census," if we except the bulls with k harems, and 
those idle, is nothing more than an estimate based upon such enumera- 
tions as could be made that were of value in determining the number 
of seals. While it shows over 2,000 seals less than a similar computa- 
tion in 1909, it nevertheless exhibits apparent increases in certain 
classes of seals over the preceding census spoken of. For example, 
the 2-year-old bachelors estimated to be present in 1910 exceed in 
numbers by over 2,000 those stated to be in existence at the close of 
the season of 1909. The 2-year-old cows estimated in 1910 are 2,000 
more than were assigned for the previous year. 



26 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

This is the result solely of the method of estimation adopted alike 
for both years. Both are based upon the number of cows born two 
years previously. In 1907, 50,825 pups were estimated to have been 
born, and 10,165 of these were computed to have survived as 2-year- 
old males in 1909. On the other hand, in 1908, the same method 
of estimation would indicate that 53,884 pups were born in that 
year — 3,000 more than in 1907 — and that of these the number sur- 
viving as 2-year-olds in 1910 was 12,124. 

It is believed that it is not the intention of anyone to claim that an 
increase in seal life has occurred at any time within the past few 
years in the face of the large catches of seals in the water, consisting 
mainly Of breeding females. It is believed, on the other hand,-that a 
marked decrease has occurred, a belief justified when the contracted 
space occupied by the breeding seals is viewed. But the measure of 
this decrease is ascertainable solely by estimation, the same methods 
being used from year to year. When using only a few seals in estab- 
lishing a basis for computing the whole number, it is not difficult to 
realize that a few chance harems more or less on the space counted 
would have the effect of greatly increasing or decreasing the whole 
number computed to be in the herd. It would be easy to revise these 
calculations by adding to or subtracting from the estimated number 
to make it conform with one's idea of what number should or should 
not be found. But the idea one may have might be more incorrect 
than the result of the computation, so that in a revision it would 
not be possible to determine whether in increasing or decreasing the 
result one were moving in the direction of accuracy or away from it. 
It is much better to announce the number each year as it may 
appear from calculations made similarly, and to explain any apparent 
incongruity by the statement that the whole is an estimate and 
nothing else. 

The result of the killing of 1910 has demonstrated that the number 
of 2-year-old bachelors estimated as remaining in the herd at the 
close of the season of 1909 was entirely too small. In the census of 
1909 only 2,165 2-year-old bachelors were allowed. These of course 
would be 3-year-olds in 1910. As a matter of fact, the skins of 1910 
when classified in London showed that perhaps 5,000 of the catch were 
3-year-olds. In view of this fact it is believed that, in estimating 
the number of these as well as other immature seals, a smaller death 
rate should be allowed than hitherto. 

PUP-RAISING EXPERIMENTS. 

In accordance with the Bureau's instructions, attempts were made 
on both St. Paul and St. George Islands to feed starving pups and save 
their lives. On St. Paul Island the efforts were unsuccessful, but the 
St. George experiments yielded most interesting results. 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 27 

ST. PAUL EXPERIMENTS. 

Perhaps a dozen or more starving pups were gathered off the 
various rookeries and brought to the village. An inclosure was 
built at the end of the village pond and the pups were placed in this. 

A bottle with an ordinary rubber nipple was used in a first attempt 
to induce the little animals to nurse. This method failing, however, 
milk was poured down the pups' throats from the bottle. But this, 
besides being difficult and tedious, was uncertain and wasteful, as 
most of the milk was ejected by the pups before being swallowed. 
To feed a dozen or more pups with a bottle, moreover, occupied the 
services of half a dozen men for nearly half a day. Afterwards a 
tube attached to a funnel was passed into the stomach of each pup 
and the feeding was accomplished by this means. 

Owing to lack of proper material the inclosure in which the pups 
were placed could not be made tight enough to retain them. Some 
of the pups escaped to the sea; the others died. Feeding with solid 
food was not attempted. 

Upon the departure of the Bear on her last trip from the islands, 
10 healthy pups upon which no feeding experiments had been 
attempted were taken from St. Paul rookeries and placed aboard that 
vessel to be shipped to Seattle for the use of the Bureau. All of these 
arrived safely, having been schooled on the voyage to eat solid food. 

ST. GEORGE EXPERIMENTS. 

Fifteen starving pups were gathered on St. George Island at various 
times and different methods were tried to save their lives. 

These starvelings readily ate all the small live fish that could be 
obtained and such other larger fish as the weather would permit the 
natives to capture offshore. In addition the pups ate salted salmon 
after it had been freshened in water. Had enough live or fresh dead 
fish been obtainable it is believed that at least some of the pups that 
were fed artificially could have been saved. 

On September 10, 1910, four starving pups were secured and their 
frenums cut. All were fed by injections of milk into the stomach. 
One died that night from congestion of the lungs, probably because 
of the introduction into the pulmonary tract of milk while feeding. 
Upon autopsy of this animal, a piece of coal as large as a walnut 
was found lodged in the pylorus. Two of the others escaped the first 
night. 

A corral, having a tank 4 feet by 8 feet and 1 foot deep, was then 
built and two more pups in addition to the one now remaining were 
placed in it on September 15. Into this tank filled with water were 
placed a number of small fish caught among the rocks (probably 
Neoliparis). The pups ate all of these at once and some sculpin cut 



28 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

into small pieces. After this several attempts were made to provide 
sufficient fresh fish to feed the pups, but owing to rough weather 
only several days' supply could be obtained. After this salt salmon 
freshened in water was offered to the pups and eaten. When this 
latter was finally refused, milk and mutton broth were fed to sickly 
pups. 

All but one of these pups, 15 in all, died on the island, and that 
one, after being placed aboard the Bear, died before reaching Seattle. 

These experiments are of value, however, as demonstrating that 
by September 15 these pups have advanced to such a stage that 
they can eat and digest solid food even though they continue to 
nurse during October and November. The results also show, how- 
ever, that on the seal islands these experiments can not be carried 
on with hope of success because fresh fish can not be obtained with 
regularity in sufficient quantity. Had these pups been taken to 
Unalaska, where small fish can be readily obtained, it is believed 
that much better results would have followed. 

Of the 14 that died on St. George Island, the autopsies in 2 cases 
disclosed occlusion of the pylorus by stones taken through the mouth. 
The death of at least 1 of the pups was due to this condition. 

PELAGIC SEALING. 

During the season of 1910, 25 Japanese sealing schooners were 
boarded by revenue-cutter vessels on patrol in Bering Sea. Of 
these, 2 were seized by the cutters, 1 for a violation of the alien 
fishing laws and another for a violation of the customs law (sec- 
tion 2773, Revised Statutes). As a rule pelagic sealing vessels kept 
outside the 3-mile limit, and, so far as known, none of the men 
composing the crews landed upon the islands for the purpose of 
killing seals. 

Eleven Japanese in 3 small boats landed on St. Paul Island on 
July 30 and- 31. It was stated by them that the} 7 had been lost 
from their schooners and came to the islands as a place of refuge. 
They were quartered on the islands until August 8, when they were 
placed aboard the Manning and taken to Unalaska with 4 native 
witnesses, charged with having landed upon the islands without 
permission, in violation of the act of April 21, 1910. 

Upon trial before the United States commissioner at Unalaska 
they were found guilty and each sentenced to a week's imprison- 
ment. After serving this sentence they were placed aboard a Japa- 
nese sealing schooner with their boats, guns, and other property and 
sent home. 

Unofficial reports indicate that 5 Canadian sealing vessels took 
seals last year in Bering Sea. Their catch from both the Pribilof 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 29 

and Asiatic herds aggregated 3,775 skins. The total pelagic catch 
from the Pribilof herd, as shown by London trade sales, was in the 
neighborhood of 15,000 skins. 

WRECK OF REVENUE CUTTER PERRY. 

On the early morning of July 26, 1910, the revenue cutter Perry 
went ashore on Rocky Point Reef, St. Paul Island, in a thick fog. 
Shortly afterwards, by the action of the swell, her bottom was punc- 
tured on the rocks upon which she lay, and all efforts to get her off 
were futile. Such movable property (guns, stores, boats, etc.) as 
could be readily transported was brought ashore and stored in an 
empty warehouse at Rocky Point. The entire crew was quartered 
at the village for several days and was made as comfortable as circum- 
stances permitted. The teams and native men on the islands were 
used for several days in rendering assistance. Later the Perry's 
men and stores were taken aboard the other cutters in the fleet and 
the wreck stripped and abandoned. On August 19 the hull was 
broken up by a strong southerly gale and scarcely anything was left 
to mark where she grounded. 

FOXES. 

The history of foxing on the Pribilof Islands is interesting. What 
number of fox skins were taken off these islands by the Russians will 
never be known. Petroff (1883) states that 34,767 were taken from 
1842 to 1860, inclusive. From that date to 1867, the fox skins 
taken from the islands are not segregated from the returns of those 
taken from general Alaskan sources, which are given by Petroff as 
27,731. From 1870 to 1890 fox skins to the number of 4,380 on St. 
Paul and 20,412 on St. George were taken and shipped by the Alaska 
Commercial Company. From 1890 to 1910, 2,963 fox skins were 
taken on St. Paul and 13,641 on St. George. 

During the lease of the Alaska Commercial Company (1870-1889), 
there existed no contract with the Government for the right to pur- 
chase these skins, and the only expenditure by the company for the 
more than 24,000 skins it received was the 50 cents it paid the natives 
for each skin. The North American Commercial Company during 
the greater portion of its 20-year lease paid to the natives $5 for each 
blue and $1 for each white fox skin. 

Foxes are trapped annually on St. George Island in house traps 
which do not injure the animal. The catch last year there was 227. 
On St. Paul Island, where these animals never have been as plentiful 
as they were on the other island, no trapping has been done since 1903 
until last winter (1909-10), when 185 were secured. These were 
killed in steel traps. For the blues the natives received $5 apiece; 
for the whites, $1. This money was applied to the natives' support. 



30 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 



CONDITIONS AND TRAPPINGS ON ST. GEORGE ISLAND. 



On St. George Island, during the winter of 1909-10, the feeding of 
foxes in the herd during the period from October 20 to June 1 was 
continued as in former years. Seal carcasses preserved from kill- 
ings during the summer formed the greater portion of the material 
fed, together with about 3,000 pounds of salted codfish freshened in 
sea water. 

For some reason, not ascertained exactly, a smaller number of 
foxes passed through the house and box traps during the winter in 
question than ever before since feeding the foxes and selective trap- 
ping began. Whether this is the result of an actual diminution in 
the herd, or whether other conditions, such as an abundance of food 
outside the traps or an instinctive fear of entering the traps, were the 
cause, can not be stated definitely. 

During the winter of 1909-10 only 335 foxes passed through the 
traps on St. George Island. To show the smallness of this number 
as compared with former years, a table with the total number of 
foxes handled in the various years during which selective trapping 
has been followed is given below: 



1898-99.. 

1899-1900. 

1900-1901. 

1901-2... 

1902-3... 



842 
973 
335 
104 
011 



1903-4 1,061 



1904-5 766 

1905-6 1,061 

1906-7 882 

1907-8 1, 006 

1908-9 798 

1909-10 335 



In trapping, the practice is to catch all animals alive, to release as 
breeders a certain number of pairs of the most vigorous, and to kill 
those that are not considered the best examples of the species. 
Those released are marked, so as to be thereafter recognizable, by 
clipping a ring out of the hair on the tail of the animal, the marks 
differing for the sexes. Such foxes as escape being trapped, not 
being marked of course, can be distinguished at sight. 

No such number of foxes not marked was seen in the winter men- 
tioned as to lead unquestionably, to the conclusion that the herd has 
not diminished. There are, on the other hand, good grounds for 
believing that it has diminished. The causes of this probable fact, 
however, are obscure and conjectural. The Very few found dead did 
not justify the belief that any epidemic had occurred. 

A summary of the statistics of trapping on St. George Island 
during the winter of 1909-10 is appended: ■ 

Marked and released : 

Blue males 51 

Blue females 57 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 31 

Killed for pelts : 

Blue males 126 

Blue females. .,, 86 

White males 5 

White females 4 

Skins from animals found dead, etc 6 

Skins accepted by lessee, blue 203 

Skins rejected by lessee, blue 6 

Skins mangey , etc . , thrown away 9 

White fox skins accepted by lessee 9 

Total number of animals handled 335 

These pelts, having been taken during the period covered by the 
contract of the North American Commercial Company, were deliv- 
ered to it upon payment at the stipulated rate of $5 for each blue 
skin and $1 for each white skin. The money thus derived was used 
exclusively for the support of natives. 

TRAPPING ON ST. PAUL ISLAND. 

During the winter of 1909-10, for the first time since 1904, there 
were considered to be foxes enough on St. Paul to justify trapping, 
winch accordingly was carried on during a period of six days. 

On this island, unlike St. George, notwithstanding repeated efforts 
to secure it, the foxes do not congregate in large groups, permitting 
systematic feeding and selective trapping. An} r trapping therefore on 
St. Paul must be done with the spring steel trap, in the use of winch 
the native trappers must scatter over the entire island. 

In the 6 days of trapping mentioned the St. Paul natives secured 
on that island 130 blue and 35 white foxes. In addition, a boat load 
of native men went over to Otter Island, and there secured 19 blues 
and 1 white. Observations made during the past summer indicate 
that the fox herd on St. Paul Island has not diminished appreciably 
as the result of this trapping of the previous winter. 

The skins taken on St. Paul and Otter Islands were delivered to 
the North American Commercial Company and payment made at the 
same rate as on St. George. This difference between the manage- 
ment of the two islands exists, however, that whereas the earnings 
on St. George from fox skins are formed into a community fund, on 
St. Paul each individual trapper is given the use of the money from 
such fox skins as he has been able to secure. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 
KILLING OF BACHELOR SEALS. 

The methods used in taking seals during the past season of 1910 
were the same as those used by the two lessees in the preceding 
40 years' tenure of the sealing right, and the same, in fact, in all 



32 FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 

fundamental respects as those pursued by the Russians since 1840. 
They are the result of years of experience and are the best that can be 
devised to meet the conditions. No change in them should be made. 
The practice of killing bachelor seals for skins as well as for natives' 
food should not be abandoned unless a cogent reason presents itself. 
No harm to the seal herd can result from the killing of surplus males. 
No benefit to the herd could accrue from the maturing of males 
unnecessary for purposes of reproduction, which, when of adult age, 
would have no female consorts, but which, by incessant and furious 
fighting, would destroy or cripple the breeding bulls and themselves 
as well. 

It is true that a test to insure the survival of the fittest should be 
applied to the male fur seal, as in fact it should to all breeders. It 
is not true, however, that this test can only be made through trial 
of combat. With respect to some groups of animals, such as the 
Pinnipedia, conditions of their natural environment may be so severe 
as to eliminate weaklings as effectually or even more so, than would 
fighting amongst themselves, and nature provides an eliminative 
process in the case of the fur seal entirely apart from the struggling 
of bulls with each other for supremacy on land. This test begins 
almost with a seal's birth. 

When the baby seal has scarcely learned to swim beyond the borders 
of the rookery on which it .is born, while it is still a suckling and 
knows not how to seek other food, it is separated from its mother 
and driven off the land by the rigor of the climate. Weak and 
unskillful swimmer as the pup is, not only must it withstand the 
severe winter storms in the northern ocean but in the same unfa- 
vorable element pursue and capture its food and elude its natural 
enemies of the sea. As the result of this struggle with the natural 
conditions in which it is placed it is estimated that one-half of the 
pups die during the initial migration. Only the strongest and most 
wary can survive this trial. 

This struggle for existence continues incessantly during the ani- 
mal's life. From each migration it sends back to the breeding grounds 
only those animals hardy enough to withstand its severity. That 
animal leaving the rookeries with any physical imperfection does 
not return. It dies at sea. Those that do return are the most 
perfect examples of their class. 

With this severe eliminative test occurring as the result of natural 
environment, to superimpose a violent struggle with his own kind 
after the animal has reached the breeding ground would be to sub- 
ject him to further stress entirely unnecessary to prove his ability as 
a breeder. Having passed successfully through the winter's migra- 
tion, the animal returns to the rookeries a perfect specimen of its 
kind. A severe trial by combat could not have the effect of increasing 



FUR-SEAL FISHERIES OF ALASKA IN 1910. 33 

its breeding efficiency, but on the other hand could only seriously 
impair if not wholly destroy it. It would be the same if two valuable 
stallions, each physically perfect, and matched in strength and 
courage, were allowed to fight with each other until one were killed. 
The survivor, if one did survive, would be so seriously injured by its 
opponent as to be rendered incapable of service for the time being, 
if not permanently. 

To breed a large number of surplus male seals merely that they 
may fight amongst themselves and determine the strongest in combat 
is useless. By the time the strongest individuals have proved their 
superiority they have expended so much of their energy in fighting 
that physically weaker but fresh animals may overpower them and 
take their cows. Such is the history of the Pribilof rookeries during 
the time when thousands of idle bulls were present. Instances to 
substantiate this conclusion have been witnessed many times. 

Since physical combat is not required to test the ability of a male 
fur seal, no reason is known for providing a number of males beyond 
that necessary to fertilize the females in the herd. Therefore the 
practice of killing surplus males at the time when their pelts have a 
considerable commercial value should be continued. Surely no purely 
sentimental reason should prevail over those of practical weight. 

SUPPORT OF NATIVES. 

The present system of supporting the natives on the Pribilof 
Islands should be changed. Under it the native receives enough 
food, fuel, and clothing to sustain life, but only a portion of the sum 
necessary for his maintenance comes to him as compensation for 
labor performed, the remainder being donated as a gratuity through 
an appropriation of Congress. This latter feature is the most objec- 
tionable of all and the one which it is sought to eliminate. Better to 
explain the situation the following brief summary is given of the man- 
ner in which the natives have been supported since they were first 
transported to these islands. 

In 1787, the year following the discovery of St. George Island, the 
discoverer, Pribilof, brought to the islands a number of native fami- 
lies, principally from Unalaska, and landed them there to serve as 
laborers in taking s