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Full text of "Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania"

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REPORT 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



OF PENNSYLVANIA 



ANTHRACITE REGION 



1903 



WM. STANLEY RAY 

STATE PRINTER OF PENNSYLVANIA 

1904 



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OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



LKTTKR OF TRANSMITTAL 



Department of Mines, 

Hardsburg, Pa., April 25, 1904. 

To His Excellency, Samuel W. Pennypacker, Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania : 

Sir: In compliance with the acts of Assembly of Jun^ 2, 1891, and 
April 11, 1903, I beg to submit herewith for transmission to the 
General Assembly, Volume I of the report of the Department of 
Mines for the year ending December 31, 1903. This report covers 
in detail the operations of the fifteen Anthracite Districts as returned 
by the respective inspectors, with tabulated deductions made in this 
Department. Some observations and suggestions relative to acci- 
dents, child labor, care of injured employes, election of Insyjeetors, 
and the general conditions and prospects of the coal industry are 
also submitted and respectfully called to your attention. 

This is the first report made under the act of 1903, by which the 
Department of Mines was created to supersede the Bureau of Mines, 
created by the act of July 15, 1897. For the sake of convenience the 
operations of the two great coal regions of the Commonwealth are 
published under separate covers, designated as Volume 1, Anthra- 
cite, and Volume 2, Bituminous. As there are now fifteen inspec- 
tion districts in each region, it was deemed advisable to adopt this 
method of presenting the data. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JAMES E. RODERICK, 
Chief of Department of Mines. 



(I) 
A— 12— 1903 




(ii) 



OFFICIAL. DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



REPORT 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



INTRODUCTION 



The year 1903 was one of remarkable prosperity iu the coal indus- 
try of Pennsylvania. New records of production were established 
in both the anthracite and bituminous regions, and for employer 
and employe alike the period was one of unprecedented success. 
The production in the anthracite region, with which this part of 
the report has to deal, amounted to 07,171,951 gross tons. The long 
and disastrous strike of 1902 had depleted the supply of coal to such 
an extent that It required full and continuous work at the mines for 
the first ten months of 190.3, to restore the normal conditions of the 
trade in this country and Canada. During November and Decem- 
ber, however, the production was greatly curtailed, owing to a cessa- 
tion in the demand, and most of the operations closed down com- 
pletely on the 24th of the latter month. Had the same ratio con- 
tinued throughout the year, the production would have been about 
73,000,000 tons. As stated in former reports, it is evident that the 
high water mark in the daily production of anthracite coal has been 
reached, although the annual production may be increased. The 
number of working days, however, can hardly exceed 250 in a year, 
as the repairs to the mines, inside and outside, require many weeks, 
and the loss of several weeks more is caused b}'^ various accidents, 
explosions, flooding and caving-in of mines, and breaking of ma- 
chinery. Taking 250 as the maximum number of working days, and 

(iii) 



iv ANNUAL. REPORT OF THE Off. Doc, 

320,000 tons as the maximnm daily production, we find the possible 
production for the year to be 80,000,000 tons. 

It is also probable that the cost of mining anthracite coal will in- 
crease each year, for the reason that the most accessible and most 
easily worked seams are rapidly being exhausted, necessitating the 
working of deeper seams and in many cases much thinner ones. 
The cost of producing coal from a two foot seam is considerably 
greater than from a six or eight or ten foot seam. 

Of the 67,171,951 tons produced during the year, 60,231,101 tons 
were shii)ped to market, 5,710,311 tons used for fuel at the col- 
lieries, and 1,230,506 tons sold to local trade. The increase in pro- 
duction over 1902 was 30,260,397 tons, and over 1901, the banner 
year, 7,266,000 tons. 

Accidents 

In producing the vast tonnage of 1903, 518 lives were lost in and 
about the mines, 426 inside and 92 outside. Besides this great 
loss of life, 1,127 employes were injured inside the mines and 198 
outside. The number of widows caused by these fatalities was 269, 
and the number of orphans 592. For every life lost 129,676 gross 
tons of coal were produced; for every injury 50,696 tons, and for every 
fatal accident inside the mines 157,681 tons. In order that fair com- 
parisons may be made with the accidents in the bituminous region, 
it is necessary to confine the computations to the casualties that 
occur inside the mines, as the great number of surface employes 
in the anthracite region do not produce coal; they simply prepare it 
for market. During the year there were 92 lives lost outside the 
mines in the anthracite region, by machinery, cars, etc. This is 17.76 
per centum of the total number. 

The total number of employes in and about the mines during the 
year was 151,827, and the number of fatal accidents per 1,000 was 
3.41. The number employed inside the mines was 102,055 and the 
number of fatal accidents per 1,000 was 4.17. The number employed 
outside the mines was 49,772, among whom the fatalities per 1,000 
Avere 1.85. ' ' 

It is pleasant to call attention to a slight decrease in the fatal ac- 
cidents inside the mines. In 1S99 the percentage per 1,000 was 4.22; 
in 1900, 4.26 ; in 1901, 4.47, while for the year covered by this report 
it is 4.17. 

It will be seen by reference to Table B that 210 fatal acci- 
dents, or 49.30 per cent, of the total number inside the mines, were 
caused by "falls;" 70, or 16.43 per cent, by cars; 26, or 6.10 per cent, 
by explosions of gas; 55, or 12.91 per cent, by powder and blasts; 31 
or 7.28 per cent, by falling into shafts and slopes; 12, or 2.82 per cent. 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OP MINES V 

by mules and by sutTocation; 22, or 5.1G per cent, by miscellaneous 
causes. '^Falls'' and cars caused nearly 66 per cent, of the fatal acci- 
dents inside, and it is a lamentable fact that perhaps half of these 
could have been avoided by ordinary precaution on the part of the 
victims. Of the 92 fatal accidents on the surface, 64, or nearly TO 
per cent, were caused by cars and machinery. To carelessness on the 
part of the victims may be attributed at least one-half of these acci- 
dents. 

The occupations of the 426 persons killed inside were as follows: 
miners and miners' laborers 312, or 73.24 per cent.; drivers and door- 
boys 58, or 13.61 per cent.; all other occupations 56, or 13.15 per cent. 
Of the 102,055 inside employes, 64,356, or about 63 per cent, were 
miners and miners' laborers, among which class over 73 per cent, of 
the fatal accidents occurred. For every 1,000 miners employed 5.49 
lost their lives, and for every 1,000 miners' laborers employed 4 lost 
their lives. These figures indicate clearly that tlie occupation of 
the miner and his laborer is of an extra hazardous nature. 

A comparison with the figures contained in the Annual Kailway 
Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs, shows that the percent- 
age of accidents among anthracite mine employes is considerably 
greater than among the employes of the steam railways. For the 
year ending June 30, 1901, the railways of the State reported 335,865 
employes and 987 fatal accidents; for the year ending June 30, 1902, 
377,798 employes and 1,137 fatal accidents; for the year ending June 
30, 1903, 419,581 employes and 1,323 fatal accidents. Taking the 
total number of employes for the three years as 1,133,244 and the 
total number of fatal accidents as 3,447, we find that for every 1,000 
employes the percentage killed was 3.04, wliile the percentage among 
"the mine employes was 4.16. 

In my report for 1902 the follow^ing remarks appear, which were 
appropriate then and are equally so at the present time. 

"During the past twenty years more than fifty per cent, of the acci- 
dents were caused by 'falls,' but there is no reason why the number 
from this cause should not be reduced by at least 50 per cent. If 
as much care were taken to guard against falls of coal, roof and 
sides, as is taken in regard to ventilation for the purpose of keep- 
ing the mines clear of what is generally called the deadly 'gas,' 
a stringent rule would be adopted against the more deadly 'falls.' " 

In the last twenty years for every person killed by an explosion 
of gas, six j)ersons have been killed by "falls," making the ratio 
six to one. 

During the year 1902, 1,351 persons acted as fire bosses, whose 
duty it was to see every day that the mines w^ere kept clear from 
the deadly ''gas," when there was no person engaged to look after 
the men doing the actual mining of coal. The law provides that 



Vl ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

''the mine foreman or his assistant shall visit and exaijiine every 
working place in the mine at least one every alternate day, while the 
men of such place are or should be at work, and shall direct that 
each and every working place is properly secured by props or tim- 
ber, and that safety in all respects is assured by directing that all 
loose coal or rock shall be pulled down or secured, and that no per- 
son shall be permitted to work in an unsafe place unless it be for 
the purpose of making it secure." 

The law imposes many duties on the foreman, and the companies 
expect, and justly too, that as they pay him, his first duty is to safe- 
guard their interests, especially in seeing that the coal is taken out. 
The safety of the men at the ''working faces" is almost the last thing 
that is considered. 

I do not desire to criticise the overworked official mine foreman 
because he does not comply with the requirements of the law. I 
know it is a physical impossibility for him to do so, and at the 
same time do his duty to his employer. It is my opinion, however, 
that the coal companies should engage a sufficient number of assist- 
ant foremen for the very responsible duty of examining the working 
places in the mines. These foremen should direct that every work- 
ing place be examined every day and properlj^ secured by props, tim- 
ber or otherwise. They should also direct that all loose coal or rock 
be pulled down or secured, so that safety be assured so far as possi- 
ble. They should also see that no person be permitted to work in 
an unsafe place except for the purpose of making it secure. 

At the last session of the Legislature, Hon, D. J. Thomas, Senator 
from Schuylkill county, formerly a practical miner, foreman and 
superintendent, knowing of the lack of care and attention in the 
matter of safeguarding the lives and limbs of the persons actually 
engaged in the mining of coal, offered the following amendment to 
the law, which could have been made applicable to both the anthra- 
cite and bituminous mines: 

"In mines generating explosive gases, the mine foreman or his 
assistants shall make a careful examination every morning of all 
working places, and traveling roads, and all other places which 
might endanger the life and safety of the workmen-, before the 
workmen shall enter the mine, and such examination shall be made 
with a safety lamp, and that within three hours at most before time 
for commencing work, and a workman shall not enter the mine 
or his working place until said mine, or part thereof, and working 
place are reported safe. Every report shall be recorded without de- 
lay in a book, which shall be kept in an office at the colliery for the 
purpose, and shall be signed forthwith by the person or persons mak- 
ing the examination. Said record book shall be supplied by the De- 
partment of Mines. 

"And in all mines the mine foreman or his assistants shall make 
a careful examination each day of all the woi-king places and 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES vil 

traveling roads, to see that the roof and sides are properly supported 
by timber or other material, and to see that the rules in regard to 
systematic propping are faithfully carried out. Any miner or other 
workman found violating these rules, or neglecting to comply with 
their provisions, shall be suspended. Reports of all examinations 
shall be recorded in a book, which shall be kept in an office at the 
colliery for that purpose, and shall be signed forthwith by the per- 
son or persons making the examination. It shall be the duty of the 
mine inspector to see that all such examinations are properly re- 
corded and signed by the person or persons making such examina- 
tions. These record books shall be provided by the Department of 
Mines." 

This amendment, if it had been adopted, would have gone a great 
way towards lessening the number of accidents from "falls," and I 
am of the opinion that if properly lived up to, at least half of the 
accidents from this cause could be avoided. So far as known, the 
coal companies made no opposition to this amendment, but con- 
siderable opposition was met with from some of the leaders of the 
mine workers, because of the provision that ''any miner or other 
workman found violating these rules, or neglecting to comply with 
their provisions, shall be suspended," 

In my opinion it is a more merciful act to "suspend a miner" for 
violation of the rules, than to allow him to lose his life through ne- 
glecting to comply with the law which has been enacted for his 
safety. 

I hope that Senator Thomas, or some other equally expert miner, 
will take up this matter again, and that the leaders of the miners 
especially will not oppose its passage into a law. 

In carrying out the intent of this amendment the immediate ex- 
pense to the coal companies might be from a fourth to a third of a 
cent per ton for the coal mined, but this amount would be materially 
reduced by the less number of accidents. Every time an accident 
occurs there is a cessation of work and a certain demoralization of 
the employes in the immediate vicinity, and a consequent loss to the 
company. In the case of fatal accidents the loss sustained in this 
way is considerable, as frequently a whole section of a mine is de- 
moralized at the time of the accident and many of the emploj^es stop 
work to convey the victim to his home. When he is buried, the com- 
pany suffers a still further loss by the closing down of the colliery 
for at least half a day to allow the employes to attend the funeral. 
It is impossible to state the actual loss to a company from the many 
fatal and non-fatal accidents that occur, but no doubt at least half 
of those resulting from "falls" could be avoided by the adoption 
of the plan suggested, and the company's ledger at the end of the 
year would show ver.y littk', if any, additional expense. Even if 
there should be an expense of a fourth of a cent per ton, I do not 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



Off. Doc. 



believe that any company would object to the paying of that amount 
if by so doing human life could be saved and human suffering avoided. 



Number of employes inside and outside the Anthracite mines; number of fatal 
accidents; number of fatal accidents per 1,000 employes; number of tons of coal 
mined per fatal accident inside, 1881 to 1903 inclusive 







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18S1, 
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18S3, 
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1SS5. 
1SS6, 
18S7, 
1SS8, 
1SS9, 
ISSO, 
1S91, 
1892, 
1893, 
1894, 
1895, 
1896, 
1S97, 
189S, 
1899, 
1900, 
1901, 
1902, 
1903, 



45,ei9 


234 . 


50,764 


250 


56,268 


274 


61,922 


286 


62,901 


290 


63,930 


236 


67,716 


270 


78,688 


317 


74,178 


339 


73,613 


323 


76.569 


372 


81,953 


361 


86,387 


388 


87,901 


368 


89,059 


354 


94,978 


430 


95,812 


372 


91,171 


360 


92,223 


389 


94,140 


358 


98,464 


441 


98,377 


245 


102,055 


426 



5.13 
4.93 
4.87 
4. 68 
4.61 
3.69 
3.99 
4.03 
4.35 
4.40 
4.85 
4.40 
4.49 
4.19 
3.98 
4.53 
3.88 
3.96 
4.22 
4.26 
4.47 
*2.50 
4.17 



144,594 
138,285 
135,666 
127, 507 
129,456 
161,662 
1.54,045 
147,313 
132,819 
139,009 
133,406 
141,689 
136,186 
143,198 
161,999 
125,216 
141 , 346 
146,668 
155,773 
160, 23S 
152,142 
150,659 
176,602 



30.412 


39 


1.28 


31,4.36 


41 


1.30 


35,153 


49 


1.40 


39,151 


46 


1.75 


37,419 


42 


1.22 


39, 114 


43 


1.10 


38,801 


46 


1.18 


43,5.30 


47 


1.08 


45,486 


58 


1.28 


46,306 


55 


1.16 


46,739 


56 


1.19 


48,212 


57 


1.18 


51,682 


68 


1.30 


52,038 


78 


1.52 


54,031 


67 


1.24 


55,320 


72 


1.30 


53,745 


51 


.90 


51,245 


51 


.99 


48,433 


72 


1.49 


49, 676 


53 


1.07 


49,217 


72 


1.46 


49,762 


55 


l.U 


49,772 


92 


1.85 



3.59 
3.54 
3.53 
3.28 
3.31 
2.71 
2.97 
2.98 
3.32 
3.15 
3.47 
3.21 
3.30 
3.19 
2.94 
3.34 
2.83 
2.89 
3.28 
2.86 
3.47 
2.03 
3.41 



collieries 



s the year of the big strike, when an average of only 116 days was worked by the 



No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



ix 



Number of miners and miners' laborers employed in the Anthracite mines; num- 
ber killed and ratio of each class killed per 1,000 employed; average number of 
days worked by breakers; average production per day worked by breakers, 
ISSl to 11^03 inclusive 





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ISSl, 
1SS2, 
1SS3, 
1S84, 
1SS5, 
1SS6, 
1SS7, 
3SS8, 
1SS9, 
1890, 
1S91, 
1892, 
1S93, 
1894, 
1S95, 
1896, 
1897, 
189S, 
1809, 
19(K1, 
1901, 
1'.''II2, 
1903, 



22,809 


114 


4.99 


16.726 


70 


4.19 


221 


22,843 


135 


5.91 


15,22,1 


56 


3.66 


218 


25,319 


136 


5.37 


16,879 


67 


3.97 


232 


27,100 


132 


4.87 


19,606 


SI 


4.13 


192 


28,305 


160 


5.65 


20,128 


86 


4.27 


204 


25,970 


131 


5.04 


17,068 


68 


3.98 


196 


29, 558 


102 


3.45 


17,548 


57 


3.25 


208 


34,547 


169 


4.89 


21.952 


87 


3.96 


218 


30, 504 


l!)4 


6.. 36 


19,368 


79 


4.08- 


197 


28,936 


136 


5.05 


18,620 


95 


5.10 


210 


30.532 


180 


5.89 


19,590 


119 


6.07 


213 


30,779 


1S9 


6.14 


22,110 


120 


5.43 


202 


32,881 


195 


5.93 


22,853 


108 


4.73 


202 


33,357 


218 


6., 54 


23.942 


91 


3.80 


175 


34,5.53 


179 


5.18 


24, 638 


115 


4.67 


187 


37,003 


204 


5.51 


26,350 


134 


5.09 


170 


36, 932 


210 


5.69 


27,277 


99 


3.63 


151 


36,377 


176 


4.84 


24.060 


121 


5.15 


151 


36,421 


199 


5.46 


23,946 


114 


4.76 


179 


36,832 


184 


4.98 


24,613 


93 


3.86 


176 


37,804 


224 


5.92 


26,26.5 


122 


4.64 


195 


36, 392 


114 


3.13 


25,413 


62 


2.44 


*116 


36,823 


202 


5.49 


27,533 


110 


4.00 


211 



136,696 
141,593 
149,552 
169,590 
164,318 
173,696 
178,544 
191,002 
198,049 
190,901 
20S, 079 
225,312 
2.33,562 
260,033 
273,823 
282,790 
310,309 
312,219 
301,867 
291,007 
308,000 
t318,203 
318,350 



♦Small number of days worked due to strike. 

tThis increase of over 10,000 tons per day was caused by washeries working during the strike, 
the time of which was not computed in the average days worl\ed. 



CARE OF INJURED MINERS 

At intervals from 1881 to the present time, I have called the atten- 
tion of the operators, mine workers and the general ])nblic', to the 
necessity of adopting some system of relief for injured miners and 
for the families of those who are killed and disabled. Reference has 
been made to the systems adopted by the Cross Creek Coal Company, 
under the direction of the late E. B. Coxe, and the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation Companj^ under the direction of W. D. Zehner. There 
may be other companies that are doing good work in this direction, 
and if so, I shall be glad to show in future reports the result of their 
efforts. 

My remarks did not seem to have any effect until last year, when 
the subject was taken up by some of the leaders of the mine workers 



X ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

and also by the leading newspapers. . The Scranton Tribune in a re- 
cent issue opened a formal discussion with T. D. Nicholls, President 
of District No. 1, of the United Mine Workers of America, as fol- 
lows: 

"For many years various projects have been discussed having in 
view the relief of miners and laborers injured while following their 
daily work, and the support of the widows and orphans of those 
who have met their death in and about the mines. Notwithstanding 
that great minds have given the subject their attention, nothing 
definite has been accomplished, notwithstanding that employers have 
on many occasions evinced their willingness to co-operate in such a 
humane movement. This has probably been due to the fact that the 
question is both complicated and intricate, as is seen from the 
history of similar movements in this and the old world." 

"There has been a revival of the discussion since the findings of 
the Anthracite Commission. Previous to that epoch in the history 
■of the anthracite industry, there were differences between employer 
and employe, which recLuired re-adjusting and which caused more 
or less irritation. Under such circumstances, neither side was in 
a favorable mood to discuss a system of permanent relief for miners. 
The exhaustive and far-reaching discussion of miners' grievances, 
before the Anthracite Commission, has accomplished wonders in 
removing old grievances and establishing better relations, and the 
natural sequence is the thought that something may now be ac- 
complished in the way of organizing means of permanent relief for 
the great array of disabled miners and for the support of the widows 
and orphans." 

"The discussion before the Anthracite Commission of the South 
Wales conciliation scheme, which formed the basis of the organiza- 
tion of the Anthracite Conciliation Board, has drawn attention to the 
North Wales Permanent Relief Society, which has been in operation 
for the past quarter of a century. There the employers and em- 
ployes contribute to the fund in proportion, and about $10 per 
month is given to disabled miners, $5 per month to the widows, and 
$2.50 per month to eaeh orphan while under the age of fourteen 
years. The fund is managed by a board of directors composed equally 
of employers and employes. While a remarkable work of mercy 
has been accomplished by this fund in North Wales, many of the 
features would not be applicable to this region, but a number of 
improvements could be effected." 

President Nicholls, of District No. 1, United Mine Workers of 
America, in an interview with a Scranton Tribune reporter, dis- 
cussed the matter. 

"Do you believe that a project for the organization of a permanent 
relief fund for the miners of the anthracite region would be feasi- 
ble? he was asked. 

"Yes," replied Mr. Nicholls, "an accident and death fund." 

"Presuming that a State law w^as passed placing a tax of, say, 
one-half a cent on each ton of coal sold, such tax to be paid by the 
operators to the State, and repaid to the management of the relief 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OP MINES xi 

fund, would the minei-s, in your opinion, co-operate by paying into 
such fund a pro rata share to place the fund on a sound basis?" was 
the next question. 

''It would be difficult/' said Mr. Nicholls, ''to secure complete co- 
operation between employers and employes, unless the law was man- 
datory, as there are some emplo3ers and employes who would re- 
fuse to contribute. My opinion is that there should be a general 
law passed by the State requiring all employei's employing more 
than twenty-five persons, to pay certain sums during idleness caused 
by accidents received while at work, and for death, caused by ac- 
cidents while at work. The weekly benefits should be sufficient to 
keep the average family in the necessities, and the death benefit 
should be sufficient to support the average family for at least a year, 
caring for all children under working age, left by a father killed at 
work. By the law being applicable to all employers in the same 
degree, the cost of operating could therefore be computed with this 
additional cost considered legitimate expense. Such a law would 
also tend to reduce accidents to a minimum, as the employers would 
have a strong motive for insisting on all life-protecting methods 
and appliances being used, and proper supervision by their hired 
representatives. This law would compel the general public (which 
would include the employers themselves) to be responsible for the 
poor unfortunates who are injured while doing public service. 
Those who consume the ijroducts and thereby profit by the labor of 
another, should be willing to support the persons and their families, 
who are injured while producing the same, and be glad they are more 
fortuna'te." 

"What general or organized provision is there at present among 
those employed in connection with the anthracite industry, to help 
in cases of fatal accidents or injuries, as compared with Welsh relief 
fund?'' asked the reporter. 

"Many of the collieries have an accident and death benefit fund," 
explained Mr. Nicholls, "which is supported jointly by the company 
and the men. Membership in such funds is entirely voluntary and 
they therefore do not include all -workers as members. There are 
also what are calley "keg funds." The sale of empty powder kegs 
to the powder company produces the main part of the revenue, al- 
though many members of such funds pay a stipulalcd amount 
monthly for their protection in case of accident or death." 

I have given here vei-batim what the Tribune published, hoi)ing 
that it would have proi)er weight with all parties interested. 

As Mine Inspector and Chief of the Department of ]\[ines, I have 
written and plead in public and private with superintendents, opera- 
tors and miners, endeavoring to show the great good that cduld be 
accomplished by having a general system adopted wherrhy tlie in- 



xii ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

jured, and tlie widows and orphans of those killed, and other per- 
sons dependent upon the unfortunate miners, could be cared for, 
and I am of the opinion that a system such as that adopted by the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company could be utilized with some 
changes, to meet all requirements in our anthracite and bituminous 
counties. Possibly a general system should be adopted for the bi- 
tuminous and anthracite regions, whereby the companies shall con- 
tribute one per cent, per ton and the emploj^es one per cent, of their 
earnings, to be paid monthly to some person designated as treasurer, 
and upon the information obtainable from the inspectors and the 
Department of Mines, the fund could be paid to the proper persons. 
If each company would take hold of this matter, it would be much 
simpler, but if there is no general law passed, few of the companies, 
I think, would subscribe to the fund, and few employes would con- 
sent to have the one per cent, deducted from their earnings. 

Therefore, in the interest of humanity, I would suggest that a law 
be passed taxing all employers of labor in and about the mines one 
cent i)er ton for all coal sent to market, and all employes inside and 
outside of the mines one per cent, per month on their net earnings. 
The amount of money that would accrue from this tax would be 
enough to care for the burial of the dead, to care for the children 
until they should reach the legal age, and also to care for the widows 
until re-married. 

I reprint herewith briefly the rules of the Lansford Beneficial 
Fund, as organized by the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Comjjany, in 
January, 1884. I also give a brief statement of its purposes and the 
results of its operations to December 31, 1903. At first the men 
working in the mines were assessed 1 per centum of their wages, not 
to exceed fl.OO a month, and the outside men were assessed one- 
half of one per centum of their wages. The company contributed 
one cent per ton on its production. In 1894 the fund had ac- 
cumulated to such an extent that the contributions were cut down 
one-half, but this was found to be too much of a decrease as the fund 
soon diminished to a point where it failed to meet the. demands 
made upon it. There is now a debit balance of |9, 057.49. This de- 
cided decrease' in the fund makes apparent the necessity for increas- 
ing the contributions by at least one-half the present rates. 

THE LANSFOKD BENEFICIAL FUND 

"This fund shall be created and maintained by the following contri- 
butions, to be made monthly: 

■'The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company will pay into it one cent 
for every ton of coal produced at its mines-. The inside workmen em- 
ployed on its property will pay into it one per cent, of their earnings, 
and the outside workmen will pay into it one-half of one per cent.; 
but no one shall pay more than one dollar In any one month. 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES xiii 

* * All moneys which shall be paid into this fund shall be placed 
in charge of a Board of Trustees to be apopinted from time to time 
by the President of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, and 
to be chosen by him, partly from the officers of the company and 
partly from business men of experience and good reputation in the 
mining region. 

"A report of the receipts and expenditures of this fund shall be 
published by the Board of Trustees at least once in each year. * * 
The fund thus established is believed to be ample to meet all claims 
arising from accidents to the contributors, and if, as is hoped, 
there shall be more than is required under this plan, the benefits 
will be increased as from time ta time the trustees may think 
prudent. 

"The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, in making this contri- 
bution and establishing this fund, desires to relieve the suffering 
which the accidents cause among its workingmen, and to render 
unnecessary the collections which make a heavy tax on the benevo- 
lent; and also to promote the growth of kindly feeling which now ex- 
ists between the company and the men engaged in its service." 

"The fund out of which benefits are paid to disabled miners and 
to the widows and orphans of those killed in the service of the com- 
pany, is derived from contributions from the employes ,who joined 
the association, and from the company. 

"The benefits paid by this fund are as follows: 

"In case of injury not resulting in death, one-half of the average 
earnings of six months preceding the accident are paid until the 
injured person is able to resume work or for a period not exceeding 
six months thereafter. 

"In case of fatal accident, $30'. 00 are paid for funeral expenses and 
the family of the deceased is paid for eighteen months, one-half of 
his monthly average earnings for six months preceding the accident. 

"While it is optional with the employes of the company to become 
members of the association in point of fact, practically all of them 
are glad to contribute to the fund." 

1903. 

Contributed by compari}^, |9,G28 45 

Contributed by employes, 10,100 71 

Interest on investments, 1,450 00 

Total contributions and receipts, 121,230 IG 

benefits paid, : |25,101 11 

Expenses, 1,208 23 

Total payments, $26,369 34 

Debit balance, December 31, 1902, 3,927 31 30,296 65 



Debit balance, December 31, 1903, |9,057 49 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 



LEGAL AGE OF BOY EMPLOYES 



The anthracite mine law of 1870 made the miniumnm legal age of 
boys employed ontside the mines twelve years, and inside fourteen 
years. The legislative amendments of 1885, 1891 preserved the same 
mimimum requirements. I am not familiar with the mining laws 
of Continental Europe, but in Great Britian the age limit is the same 
as in Pennsylvania. 

A great deal of criticism has been indulged in regarding the em- 
ployment of children in and about our coal mines, but it has been 
due largely to the fact that false statements are made in the certi- 
ficates of age as presented by the parents or guardians of the chil- 
dren. 

The law is emjihatic in its requirement of properly attested certi- 
ficates from children applying for employment, but unfortunately 
under the present system no protection is afforded in cases where 
the age is falsely represented. The inspectors may frequently have 
doubts as to the eligibility of the boys vv'ho are given emplo^-ment, 
but as the certificates have been accepted by the mine foremen, they 
are without authority to take any action in the matter. 

As children are now compelled to begin attendance at school at 
six years of age, they should, if continuously kept at their studies, 
be able at the age of twelve to read and write the English language, 
and 95 per centum of them should have a pretty clear comprehension 
of v.iiat they read. I think, however, that the minimum age for 
employment outside the mines ought to be advanced to thirteen 
years, to conform with the school law of the State. But the pres- 
ent minimum of fourteen years for inside employment need not be 
changed. All children cannot enter the higher professions; in fact, 
most of them must take up the manual occupations that are the 
basis and backbone of all our industries. They must be machinists, 
carpenters, miners, blacksmiths, drivers, laborers and so forth, and 
the common school advantages of the present day should sufficiently 
equip them at the age of fouitcen to enter upon these occupations. 
This seems to be conceded in all occupations but that of the miner, 
and in his case it is urged that the entrance upon his life work 
should be delayed until he is sixteen. I do not agree with this view 
of the matter, and have therefore never approved of the amendment 
advancing the legal minimum limit to sixteen years. I know of 
m.any instances where boys of sixteen are earning men's wages in- 
side the mines, and it seems to me a mistake to class them as chil- 
dren. This belief has deterred me from endeavoring to enforce the 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES XV 

provisions of the ameudmeut; but 1 uevei'theless iustriicted all of 
the inspectors, when the law went into effect, to demand of the 
companies employing boys that they require of every boy of doubt- 
ful age a certificate from parent or guaVdian showing him to be of 
legal employment age. The companies, especially in the anthracite 
I'egion, willingly complied with the demand, but as before stated, 
while the certificates attested to the ages fourteen or sixteen, it 
was evident that many of the boys were under that age. To im- 
prove the condition I knew existed, I sent a circular letter to the in- 
spectors for distribution among the mine ofiicials. The letter read 
as follows: 

"December 15, 1903. 

"Dear Sir: You are hereby notified that on and after January 1, 
1904, all boys who appear to be under the legal age shall be required 
to fvu-nish affidavits, sworn to before a justice of the peace or other 
officer qualified to administer oaths, setting forth the fact that they 
have attained the age required by the mine law; that said affidavit 
shall be filed with the superintendent or mine foremen at the col- 
lieries, and the Mine Inspectors shall examine them on their visits 
of inspection. 

"These certificates shall be filed in the mine offices, convenient 
for examination by the Inspectors. 

"Very truly yours, 
"(Signed) JAMES E. RODERICK, 

"Chief of Department of Mines." 

This letter, especially in the bituminous region, brought down 
upon the Department a Hood of interrogations from operators, law- 
3'ers and mine workers, as to my authority for making such a de- 
mand. 

To test the constitutionality of the law, I instructed Inspector 
James Blick to bring suit against Frank Scliulte, mine foreman of 
the Pittsburg Coal Compan}-. The legal proceedings in the case are 
submitted herewith. 

IN THE COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS OF ALLEGHENY COUNTY, 

PENNSYLVANIA 



Commonwealth 
vs. 
Frank Schulte. 

SHAFER, J. 



) No. 151 September Sessions, 1903. 
i Motion to Quash Indictment. 



The indictment charges the defendant, being a mine foreman, with 
violating section second of the act of May 13, 1903, by employing 
in a mine in the county of Allegheny under his charge and control, 
a boy under the age of sixteen years in work not permitted by that 
act. The defendant has moved to quash the indictment on the 
allegation that the act in question is unconstitutional and void. 

The act in question is entitled "An act to amend article 9, section 

2 



ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

1 of an act, entitled 'An act to provide for the health and safety 
of persons employed in and about the anthracite coal mines of 
Pennsylvania, and for the protection and preservation of property 
connected therewith,' approved June 2, 1891, also to amend section 
17 of an act, entitled 'An act relating to Bituminous coal mines 
and providing- for the lives, health, safety and welfare of persons 
employed therein,' approved June 30, 1885." 

While it is true that anthracite mining and bituminous mining are, 
in a sense, two distinct subjects, and have been regulated by acts 
of Assembly such as those quoted in the title above mentioned ap- 
plying only to the one and not to the other, yet there are species 
of a single genus and it is no doubt competent for the Legislature 
to enact laws applying to both of them. The title, therefore, cannot 
fairly be said for that reason to contain more than one subject. The 
Constitution, however, provides that no Taw shall be revived or 
amended by reference to its title only, but that so much of it as is 
revived and amended shall be re-enacted and published at length. 
It seems to us that the amendment of two distinct acts of Assembly, 
which refer to different subjects of legislation, in one act, even 
though they may be parts of a general subject, constitutes two sub- 
jects within the meaning of the Constitution, each subject being 
the amendment of a particular act so that it shall read in a par- 
ticular way. 

It is further claimed that the act of June 30, 1SS5, cited for amend- 
ment was repealed by the act of May 15, 1893, and was not, there- 
fore, in force at the time of the passage of the act in question, but 
that article 17, section 1, of the act of May 15, 1893, regulates the 
subject of the employment of boys and wom^n in coal mines. 

The act of May 15, 1893, contains a repealing clause of all acts 
inconsistent therewith, and it seems to us plain that the act of 1893 
was the law in force at the time of the passage of the act in ques- 
tion. The title of the act in question declares the intention of the 
Legislature to amend section 17 of the act of 1885. The body of the 
act provides that the first section of article 9 of the act of 1885, which 
is alleged in the act to read as therein set out, shall be amended. 
An inspection of the act of 1885 will shov/ that it is not divided into 
articles at all; but there is therefore no section first of article 9 of 
the act and that section 9 of the act and section 17 of the act are 
both entirely different from the section set out to be amended, 
which corresponds with section 16 of the act of 1885. So that the 
title of the present act speaks of one section of the act of 1885, the 
body of the act speaks of another section and recites for amendment 
a still different section. 

It seems to us therefore that the act of 1903 is void, for the reason 
that it is an attempt to amend two distinct acts of Assembly by 
one act, for the further reason that its title is misleading in that it 
declares to be the intention of the Legislature to amend a section 
of the act, which is not mentioned in the act itself, and further, be- 
cause it is not competent for the Legislature to amend in effect the 
act of May 15, 1893, without reciting its provisions instead of reciting 
the provisions of an act on the same subject which was not in force. 
The indictment is, therefore, quashed. 

From the record. 
Attest: FRANCIS X. BARR, Clerk. 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES xvll 

Upon receipt of the decision of the court, I instructed Inspector 
James Bliclc to liave tlie case appealed to a lii<;her court, altliouj^li 
convinced tliat tlie decision was a correct one. Tlie letter relative 
to the enorcemeut of the amendment, so far as .Allegheny county 
was concerned, was withdrawn, but until the matter is passed upon 
by a higher court, its enforcement will be insisted upon in other 
counties. 

The rank and file of the anthracite miners are against the amend- 
ment, but say very little about it. Tlie bituminous miners, liOAvever, 
are loud in their protests, and this Departmejit has received many 
communications from the mine workers and their leaders in regard 
to its enforcement. I iwaj say here that this amendment was pre- 
pared, endorsed and presented by the leaders of the Anthracie ]\Iine 
Workers of America, but its scope was evidently not appreciated 
or understood by the leaders of the Bituminous Mine Workers of 
America until the Department commenced to enforce it. Person- 
ally, I have no fault to find with this law, but it no doubt is working 
a great hardship to many of the widows of mine workers who hare 
been killed in this State. If the children of deceased miners, and 
they are legion, are not allovv'ed to work in the mines until they are 
sixteen jears of age, who is to care for them and for the younger 
members of the family and the widowed mother? Before such a law 
v/as passed, the State, counties or townships should have made am- 
ple provision to care for the widows and orphans until the orphans 
reached the legal employment ago. The law can possibly be 
amended to make an exception of the children of widows who have 
ho other support. 

As I understand it, this amendment was prepared to give the ris- 
ing generation more years of schooling, and thus better preijare them 
for citizenship. The purpose is entirely praiseworthy and in keep- 
ing with our American ideas of progress and enlightenment; but 
the requirement is so excessive that it Avorks a hardship to many of 
the orphaned children and their mothers. 

I am well aware that I tread on dangerous ground in expressing 
my opinion on tiiis tfiiestion, and perhaps lay myself open to the 
criticism of the advanced theorists, but I feel that I voice the senti- 
ment of an overwhelming majority of the mine workers of the State 
when I recommend a further revision of the law to nuike the ages of 
boys thirteen and fourteen respectively, for outside and inside work 
at the mines. However, whether an amendment be made or not, 
there should be a heavy penalty attached to the violation of the 
law by parents, guardians or employers. 

A further requirement should be that every boy after reaching the 
legal employment age should be compelled to pi'ove that ho can read 
and write the English language, unless he is of foreign Itirtli and did 
B— 12— 1903 



xviil ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

not come to this country until twelve years of age. Some one 
person in every inspection district should be hdld responsible for 
the enforcement of the law, and I recommend that each district in- 
spector be the authority to receive the age certificates of all the 
children applying for employment. After satisfying himself as to 
the correctness of the certificates, he should test the applicants' 
ability to read and write, and then furnish them with additional cer- 
tificates showing that they are legally qualified to work inside or 
outside the mines, as the case may be. No emplo^-er of labor should 
be allowed to hire any boy unless he possesses a certificate from the 
inspector. The inspector should also have authority, and it should 
be made part of his duty, to prosecute all violators of this law, and 
to enable him to do this a special aijpropriation should be made by 
the legislature. 

With these additional requirements, it w^ould be possible to elimin- 
ate child labor from the coal mines of Pennsvlvania. 



MINE INSPECTION 

The inspections of the mines during the past year were conducted 
with systematic regularity, but with no better results, apparently, 
than in former years, although the increase in the number of in- 
spectors, from eight to fifteen, made it possible to give the Avork 
closer attention. The benefits, however, that might have been de- 
rived from this provision were completely nullified by the absurd 
requirement of section 15 of article II, as amended, that "each in- 
spector shall examine all the collieries in his district, including each 
working face, at least once every two months." It would be a 
plwsical impossibility to do this. It is doubtful, indeed if it could 
be done once in five months. This requirement defeats the very 
purpose of the act and reduces the inspector to a mere walking ma- 
chine, with time only to note the most trival matters. The section 
of which this requirement is a part is the most arbitrary to be found 
in any mining law of this or any other country, and never should 
have been enacted. It entails duties u])on the inspectors that they 
cannot perform, takes from them the right to use their own judg- 
ment in the conduct of their work, and has a decided tendency to 
lower the efficiency and thoroughness of the inspection. I have 
therefore been loath to compel them by judicial niv asures to meet 
its requirements. The section reads as follows: 

"Each of the said inspectors shall reside in the district for which 
he is elected, and sbAll give his whole time and attention to the 
duties of his office. He shall examine all the collieries in his district 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



RECORD OF INSPECTION as per Section 15, of Article 2, Anthracite Mine Law as 



Amended June 8th, 1901. 




No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES xlx 

at least once every two months, as often in addition thereto as the 
necessities of tlie case or the condition of the mines require. He 
shall see that every necessary precaution is taken to secure the 
safety of the workmen and that the provisions of this act are 
observed and obeyed; and he shall personally visit each working 
face and see that the air-current is carried to the working faces and 
is of sufficient quantity or volume to thoroughly ventilate the places. 
He shall every three months make a report of the condition of each 
working face in each colliery, on a form to be furnished to the In- 
spectors by the Chief of the Bureau of Mines and Mining, designat- 
ing the gangway in which the w^orking is situated and the breast 
number of said working, and their condition shall be designated 
by the words good, fair or bad, as the circumstances may warrant; 
and the said report, or a duplicate, shall be placed in a weather 
and dust-proof case, with a glass front; said case to be furnished 
by the operator and placed in a conspicuous place at each mine open- 
ing, shaft, slope or drift, so that the workmen have easy access 
thereto. He shall certify in said report that the employes are hoisted 
to the surface of the ground or given access thereto according to 
law; he shall attend every inquest held by the coroner or his deputy 
upon the bodies of persons killed in or about the collieries in his 
district; he shall visit the scene of the accident for the purpose of 
making an examination into the particulars of the same, whenever 
loss of life or serious personal injury occurs, as elsewhere herein 
provided for, and make an annual report of his proceedings to the 
Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth, at the close 
of every year, enumerating all the accidents in and about the col- 
lieries in his district, marking in tabular form those accidents 
causing death or serious personal injury, the condition of the work- 
ings of the said mines with regard to the safety of the workmen 
therein and the ventilation thereof, and the results generally shall 
be fully set forth; and such other duties as now are or hereafter may 
be required by law." 

Besides the general inspections, tbe inspectors are in duty bound 
to visit tlie scene of every fatal and serious accident, and to attend 
every coroner's inquest. They are expected to make special inspec- 
tions when complaint is made by the employes, and also to meet the 
mine foremen or superintendents in order to point out any neglect 
or violation of the law discovered during their visits of inspection. 
Their duties are varied and numerous, and require great physical 
exertion. 

A form is given herewith that was prepared by the Department to 
comply with the section referred to, and filled in by one of the in- 
spectors as required by law. By this it will be seen that to comply 
with the requirements the inspector must have considerable clerical 
ability, as well as a thorough, practical knowledge of his business, 
qualifications not always found in the same person. It took this in- 
spector days to make the inspection of the Woodward colliery, and 
no doubt another day in the office copying the desired information 
from his notebook onto this blank. 



XX ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

I claim that he could have made an inspection of this mine in 3 
dajs that would have answered all practical and theoretical pur- 
poses. If so, he spent 6 days doing unnecessary work. With six- 
teen mine insijectois, the mines can be properly inspected four or five 
times a year, allowing about 2 days for each inspection. 

I hope the next legislature will amend or repeal this obnoxious 
section. In fact, article II should be amended or rejiealed in its en- 
tirety. If it is not amended or repealed, the number of inspectors 
should be increased from sixteen to at least thirty-two, if a com- 
pliance with its requirements is to be expected. If the legislature 
does nothing in the way of affording relief, it will be necessary for 
this Department to take the matter into court for a satisfactory 
solution of the difficultv. 



ELECTION OF INSPECTORS 

Remarks on Article II of the Act of June S, 1901 

The first general anthracite mine law of Pennsylvania was enacted 
by the Legislature in ISTO. In 1885 it was revised in accordance 
with the recommendations of a Commission consisting of six miners, 
three ojjerators and six inspectors, appointed by the Governor. It 
was further revised in 1891 on the recommendation of a Commission 
of eight miners, three operators, two mining engineers and two in- 
spectors, appointed by the Governor; and in 1901 article II of the 
act of 1891 was further amended. The act of 1885 was much more 
satisfactory than the act of 1870 or the act of 1891 or the amend- 
ment of 1901, as its provisions were fair to the miners, operators 
and inspectors. 

During the years 1889 and 1890 considerable dissatisfaction was 
manifested regarding the inspectors, especially in Schuylkill county, 
and this feeling was intensified against one of them who, from mis- 
taken judgment, committed an act that, Vvhile not a violation of 
the law, was repugnant to the miners. It was an act entirely out- 
side of his duties as inspector. Had any complaint been made to 
this Department regardiag this inspector, or any of the other inspec- 
tors, it would have received immediate attention and the matter 
would have been thoroughly investigated. I did, on account of the 
persistant rumors regarding some of the inspectors, make careful 
inquiry to ascertain the causes of complaint, but found nothing to 
indicate that any of them had neglected their duties. This anta- 
gonistic feeling against the inspectors was encouraged and kept 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES xxi 

alive to such an extent bv a few interested persons, that the miners 
finally assembled in convention and passed resolulions calling upon 
the "legislature to amend the mining law so that the anthracite in- 
spectors could be elected by the people. They believed that this 
would do away with all objectionable inspectors and remove all 
causes of complaint, and that it would also open an avenue for am- 
bitious miners to become inspectors. The fact is, however, that 
the oifice of inspector has always been open to all miners qualified 
to fill it; but in all the years from 1S70 to 1903 only one miner passed 
a successful examination before an examining board in the anthra- 
cite region. (The word 'miiner" as used here, means a man actually 
employed at cutting coal.) The reason for this is found in the fact 
that the operators have always advanced the most intelligent miners 
to be foremen and fire bosses, and many of them have become su- 
perintendents and general managers of large corporations. One of 
them has recently attained the presidency of one of the most promi- 
nent coal companies. It is from this class of miners w^ho were fore- 
men or superintendents, that the anthracite inspectors -have gener- 
ally been selected, after a rigid competitve ■Examination before a 
board composed of three miners and two mining engineers. With 
but one or two exceptions, the anthracite inspectors from 1870 to 

1900 have been men of good moral character and practically and 
theoretically proficient. All the anthracite laws have favored the 
miners in the formation of examining boards, as they have always' 
had three-fifths of the membership of each board. They have there- 
fore been able to control the actions of the boards, and if at any time 
a man was chosen for the office of inspector Avho was not thoroughly 

'qualified, the responsibility can be placed upon the miners. 

In compliance with the demands of the miners, the Legislatm'e in 

1901 amended Article II of the law of 1891, providing, that after a 
certain date, all inspectors should be elected by the people under 
the general election law of the State, after first having passed an 
examination and answered 90 per centum of the questions pro- 
pounded. The election of mine inspectors by the people is unheard 
of in any other state of the Union, .except Kansas, or in any other 
country of the world, so far as I know. It is a most pernicious prac- 
tice, as it brings the applicant for an office created for the preser- 
vation of life and property, into the vortex of political intrigue, 
and I sincerely hope the time will soon come when both the miners 
and operators will demand the repeal of this law. If, however, the 
election of inspectors is to continue, they should, at least, be elected 
by the miners and operators, who are the people directly interested 
in the office. More than this, the miners and operators of each dis- 
trict should vote for their own inspector. For instance, the Fifth 
and Ninth districts of Luzerne county are about GO miles apart, and 



xxii ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc, 

the residents and miners are nearly all strangers to one another. 
Why should the voters of the Ninth district vote for the inspector 
of the Fifth, when the majority of the miners in the former* dis- 
trict are ignorant of the qualifications necessary in the inspector of 
the Fifth? The reasons are equally good why the voters of the 
Fifth district should not vote for the inspector of the Ninth. It 
may be presumed that the inspector of the Ninth district has satis- 
fied the miners and operators of his district, and if so, why should 
the voters of the Fifth district have a right to vote against him 
and possibly elect his opponent, regardless of the wishes of the 
people of his district? 

If the election of inspectors can in any way be justified, it still 
remains a fact that the present method is unfair to all persons 
whose interests are concerned. Although Article II was amended 
in 1901, through a defect or an omission in its provisions only one 
election of inspectors has been held up to the present time. That 
election, however, indicated clearly how future elections would be 
conducted. The candidates for election in 1902 traversed the coun- 
ties and used the same methods to obtain votes that were used 
by the other aspirants to political office. In large counties like 
Luzerne, Lackawanna and Schuylkill, they spent the best part of 
two months canvassing for the election, and if they had held the 
office at the time, it is unnecessary to say that the work of inspec- 
tion would have been utterly neglected during that period. Can the 
State afford to pay wages to inspectors while they are electioneer- 
ing, and consequently neglecting their duties? How will the mi- 
ners regard it? The method is unquestionably opposed to the best 
interests of the State, the miners and the operators. The voters 
of the cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Pottsville, if they choose 
to do so, can decide who the inspectors shall be in Lackawanna, 
Luzerne and Schuylkill counties, while possibly not more than 20 
per centum of them are mine workers. ,'Again, why should the large 
farming districts of these counties have a vote as to who shall 
inspect the mines? The voters in both these instances are without 
interest in the matter. Why should the court of Schuylkill county 
be empowered to appoint a board to examine applicants for mine 
inspector in Northumberland, Columbia and Dauphin counties (Arti- 
cle II, Section 3) when, if a vacancy occurs in Northumberland 
county, it can be filled only by the court of that county (Article II, 
Section 13)? 

Great dissatisfaction necessarily exists with this law, particu- 
larly among the inspectors, and seven of the most competent ones 
(the equals of any in the world) have resigned from their positions 
since 1902. Under the old law, only two resigned from 1870 to 1902, 
and they did so to accept very lucrative positions. 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OP MINES xxiii 

The evil effects of the election of inspectors may reach even to the 
selection of mine foremen and fire bosses. The inspector is an ex- 
ofdcio member of the examining board, and there is reason to fear 
that in many cases a poorly qnalifled candidate who possesses some 
political intinence may be treated with leniency not only discredita- 
ble to the board but inimical to the interests of the miners and 
operators. Incompetency in the oliice of mine foreman or fire 
boss is a menace to the lives of the miners and the property of the 
operators. Upon the vigilance, care and efficiency of these officers, 
depends largely the welfare of the mining interests, and I note with 
regret that during the past year certilicates of qualification have 
been granted to men regarding whose incompetency there can be 
but little doubt. I hope the miners and operation's will seriously 
consider my remarks upon this question, and make a joint effort 
to have the next Legislature repeal the amendment to Article II. 

The system formerly in vogue in Pennsylvania of selecting in- 
spectors by a competitive examination, w'as the best ever devised. 
In other states and in foreign countries, the appointments are made 
by the Governors or others in authority, without any test of quali- 
fications. In some states, the office of inspector is considered a 
political one and a change in the party admijnstration generally 
causes a change in the inspectors. Any other system, however, 
is preferable to our present one, which we dee n the worst extant, 
and if we are not to return to the old one let us do as the other 
states do, and give the Governor power of appointment, even if it 
be without the requirement of qualification. In this connection I 
desire to say that the bituminous law of this state, in this respect, 
is entirely satisfactory. It provides that competitive examinations 
be held every four years by a board of five persons, appointed by 
the Governor, three of wdiom shall be miners. The board reports 
to the Governor the applicants who have answered 90 per centum 
of the questions, and he commissions as many inspectors as may 
be needed, from those who have received the highest percentage. 
If the number of successful applicants is greater than the number 
of existing vacancies, the names are placed on a reserve list, and 
when vacancies occur the Governor appoints the applicants having 
the highest percentage. This method could be adopted for the 
anthracite region. 

Another injustice resulting from the amendment to Article II 
is the unequal distribution of the work of the inspectors, some of 
them having three times as much to do as others. For instance, 
the unfairness of including 21) collieries in the district of the in- 
spector of Norflmmberland county, and only 7 collieries in the dis- 
trict of the inspector of Carbon county, will be apparent 1o every- 
body. The former district in 1903 employed 14,580 persons in and 



xxiv ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

about the mines, and produced 4,927,304 tons of coal; the hitter dis- 
trict employed 4,051 persons, and produced 1,919, GG2 tons. Colum- 
bia county was also made a separate district by this amendment, 
although it has fewer mines even than Carbon county. To the 
Columbia district Dauphin county has been added, but the combined 
area is hardly one-third as large as the Northumberland district. 
Under the law, the Chief of the Department of Mines has no author- 
ity to send the inspector of Columbia county to inspect the mines 
of Dauphin county. The inspector of Columbia county is aware of 
this fact, but he does the work as a matter of courtesy. He would 
be within his rights if he refused to do it, as the law prohibits his 
acting in any other county than the one in which he was elected. 
The operators of Dauphin county might also be within their rights 
if they refused to have him inspect their mines. 

I have endeavored to show some of the defects of the amendment 
in question, and in order that they might be remedied as quickly 
as possible, I respectfully suggest that the next session of the 
Legislature repeal it, and empower the Chief of the Department of 
Mines to make an equitable division of the w^ork among the in- 
spector-s, without regard to county lines. I also suggest that the 
Legislature empower the Governor to appoint a commission to re- 
vise the mining laws of the State. From the present statutes, com- 
plex and intricate as they are, a law could be framed that might 
meet all the requirements of the anthracite and bituminous regions. 
The opinion used to prevail that the laws governing the bituminous 
mining operations need not be as stringent as those governing the 
anthracite region. Very few bituminous mines were thought dan- 
gerous, even as late as 1893. As a matter of fact, however, there 
is much more danger of serious catastrophies in the bituminous 
mines, than in the anthracite. There are bituminous mines to-day 
in which the carelessness of one man might result in the destruc- 
tion of hundreds of lives. My observation leads me to think that 
one good law, stringent but just, would best meet the interests of 
all concerned. The commission might be composed of two miners, 
one operator and one mining engineer from the bituminous region, 
and two miners, one operatior and one mining engineer from the 
anthracite region, with one person to represent the Governor, and 
who shall act as chairman of the commission. The latter member 
should have practical and theoretical knowledge of the workings 
and ventilation of coal mines, but should have no financial interest 
in mining. The commission should have power to engage an expert 
constitutional lawyer to decide all questions of constitutionality, 
and an expert stenographer to make a complete record of the pro- 
ceedings of the commission to the Legislature in 1907. The Legisla- 
ture should then, without unnecessary delay, enact the law as rec- 
ommended by the commission, and all amendments offered should 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES XXV 

bo voted down, as the Legislature is not coni])etent to amend mine 
laws, as not ten per cent, of the members are familiar with the needs 
of the mining industry. 



EXAMINATION OF FIRE BOSSES 

The provisions of the anthracite mine laws regarding certificates 
of qualification for fire bosses, have for years been a bone of con- 
tention, especially among the practical men who had not received 
the proper early training or had not, in later years, made the effort 
to stand the test of a written examination. 

In some districts very slight, if any, test was made of the knowl- 
edge and experience of the fire bosses. I therefore issued, through 
the inspectors of the different districts, a circular letter notifying' 
the persons in interest that all fire bosses would be required to 
qualify as issistaut mine foremen. 

The letter created a furor among the fire bosses and their friends, 
and the Chief of the Department was charged by some of them with 
overstepping his authority. The result, however, was that the fire 
bosses took the examination, and all those who were qualified re- 
ceived certificates as assistant mine foremen. 

The circular read as follows: 

To Operators, Superintendents and Mine Foremen: 

Owing to a misunderstanding among the Inspectors, there has been 
no uniform system of issuing certificates to fire bosses in the an- 
thracite districts. 

IJereafter all fire bosses in the Anthracite coal mines will be re- 
quired to qualify as assistant mine foremen, as per section 4, article 
8, of the Anthracite mine law, approved the second day of June, 
1S91, which reads as follows: 

"Certificates of qualification to mine foremen and assistant 
mine foremen shall be granted by the Secretary of Internal 
Affairs to every applicant who may be reported by the examin- 
ers as heretofore provided, as having passed a satisfactory ex- 
amination, and as having given satisfactory evidence of at 
least five years' practical experience as a miner, and of good 
conduct, capability and sobriety;" 
And also as per section 7 of an act, entitled "An act to establish 

a Department of Mines in Pennsylvania," approved the fourteenth 

day of April, 1903, which reads as follows: 

"Certificates of qualification to mine foremen and assistant 
mine foremen in the Anthracite mines shall be granted by the 
Chief of the Department of Mines to each applicant who has 
passed a successful examination. Before the certificates afore- 
said shall be granted, each applicant for the same shall paj' 
the sum of three dollars to the Chief of the Department of 
Mines." 



xxvi ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

All fire bosses who are now acting without having- complied with 
the foregoing sections, are requested to appear before the Inspectors 
of their respective districts, at the time and place designated by 
the Inspector, and qualify themselves as required by the provisions 
of the law. 

History of the Case of the Commonwealth vs. The Wilkes-Barre and 
Scrantou Coal and Iron Company. 

On the 17th of June, 1903, the secretary of the board of health 
of the city of Wilkes-Barre, called the attention of this Department 
to an alleged violation of the law on the part of the Wilkes-Barre 
and Scranton Coal Company in rebuilding a breaker on the site 
of an old breaker of the Hillman Vein Coal Company. The in- 
spector of the district was directed by this Department to look into 
the matter at once, and it was supposed that he would do so. In a 
^ short time, however, the Department received another communica- 
tion from the secretary of the board of health, making further com- 
plaint, and the Chief at once wont to Wilkes-Barre to interview 
the inspector, being thoroughly convinced that the Wilkes-Barre 
and Scranton Coal Company (the Hillman Vein Coal Company hav- 
ing ceased to exist after 1900) had no legal right to rebuild (not 
repair) a breaker on the site where a breaker had been erected in 
1882 before the act of June 2, 1891, went into effect. More than 
this, the erection of the breaker as contemplated would, it was 
believed, prove a menace to the lives of the people employed in the 
mines, as the Hillman Vein mine was one of the most gaseous in the 
Wyoming Valle3\ In the event of a fire in the new breaker, the 
head-house and breaker being connected, the loss of life that would 
inevitably result to the hundreds of people entombed in the mine 
beneath, would be appalling. 

The learned judge possibly may be correct in declaring that the 
company had the right, under the law, to rebuild this breaker, but 
in view of the disaster that may ultimately result from this inter- 
pretation of the law, it is suggested that it would be wise to have 
the act of 1891 amended. On the question of the safety of em- 
ployes, the mine law should be so plain that it will admit of but 
one interpretation. 

The proceedings in this important case are published herewith. 

BILL IN EQUITY— FILED SEPTEMBER 2, 1903 

To the within named defendant, Wilkes-Barre and Scranton Coal 
and Iron Company: 

You are hereby notified and required within fifteen days after the 
service hereof on you, to cause an appearance to be entered for 
you in the court of common pleas of Luzerne county to the within 
Bill of Complaint of the within named Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania et al., and to observe what the court shall direct. You are 



No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



also notified that if you fail to comply with the above directions by 
not entering- an appearance in the Prothonotary's Office within fif- 
teen days, and not filing your answer within thirty days, you will 
be liable to have the bill taken pro confesso, and a decree made 
against you in your absence. 

Witness our hands at Wilkes-Barre, Pa., this loth day of July, 
1903. 

B. R. JONES, 
Attorney for Plaintiff. 



-No. 5, October Term, 1903. 



IN THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS OF LUZERNE COUNTY 
Sitting in Equity 

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania upon 
the application of Edward E. Reynolds, 
Inspector of Mines of the Seventh Sub- 
Division of the First Anthracite Coal 
Inspection District of Pennsylvania, 
acting In behalf of the said Common- 
wealth — Plaintiff, 

vs. 

The Wilkes-Barre and Scranton Coal and 
Iron Company — Defendant. 

To the Honorable, the Judges of said Court: 

Your orator complains and says: 

First. That he is the mine inspector of the Seventh Sub-Division 
of the First Anthracite Coal Inspection District of Pennsylvania, 
embracing that portion of the Wyoming coal field lying east of the 
Susquehanna river and extending from the Eastern boundary line 
of Wilkes-Barre city to western boundary line of New'port township, 
excluding Buttonwood and Wanamie collieries. 

Second. That as such inspector it is part of his duty to see that 
every necessary precaution is taken to secure the safety of the work- 
men employed in the mines within his district, and that the provi- 
sions of the mine law are observed and obeyed. 

Third. That the within named defendant is a corporation duly 
organized under the laws of this Commonwealth for the purpose of 
mining and preparation of anthracite coal for market within the 
limits of the said Anthracite Coal Inspection District aforesaid. 

Fourth. That the said defendant for the purpose of mining and 
preparation of coal is erecting a new frame breaker, shaft tower 
and engine house (inflammable structures) and other buildings nec- 
essary to be used for the preparation, storage, and hoisting of 
coal. 

Fifth. That the said new breaker, shaft tower and other build- 
ings are being erected on a plot of ground adjoining Pennsylvania 
avenue in the Sixteenth ward of the City of Wilkes-Barre on the 
property formerly known as "The Hillman Vein Coal Company 
Land." 

Sixth. That said new breaker, shaft tower, and other buildings, if 
defendant is permitted to erect the same, will be within two 



xxviil ANNUAL REPORT OP THE Off. Doc. 

hundred feet of the mouth of the shaft, which said shaft connects 
the surface of the underground workings of the mines of the de- 
fendant and up which shaft from the mines aforesaid the defendant 
intends to hoist coal when the new breaker aforesaid is completed. 

Seventh. That the erection of the said new breaker, shaft tower, 
and other buildings in the manner aforesaid is contrary to law, 
namely to the fifth section of article fourth of the act of Assembly 
approved the second day of June, 1891, and entitled "An act to pro- 
vide for the health and safety of persons employed in and about the 
anthracite coal mines of Pennsylvania and for the protection and 
preservation of property connected therewith," and the Erection of 
said breaker, shaft tower and other buildings directly over the mouth 
of the shaft as contemplated will be dangerous and hazardous to 
the health and safety of persons employed in said mines, and will 
also work irreparable injury to your orator. 

Your orator would therefore respectfully pray for relief as fol- 
lows: 

First. For an injunction, first preliminary and afterwards upon final 
hearing perpetual, against the said defendant, her agents, superin- 
tendents, servants, contractors, and employes, restraining them or 
any of Uiem from erecting a breaker or other inflammable structure, 
for the preparation and storage of coal within two hundred feet of 
said shaft belonging to said defendant and located in the Sixteenth 
ward of the City of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne county. 

Second. For such other and general relief as may seem proper to 
your Honors in the premises. 

LUZERNE COUNTY, ss: 

Edward E. Reynolds, the mine inspector of the First Anthracite 
Coal District above named, being duly sworn doth depose and say 
that the facts set forth and contained in the foregoing bill are just 
and true to his personal knowledge. 

Sworn and subscribed before me, this day of July, A. D. 

1903. 

EDWARD E. REYNOLDS. 



OPINION OF COURT 

ON MOTION TO CONTINUE PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 
The depositions establish the following 

Facts 

The original breaker of the Hillman Vein Coal Company was 
built in 1882. 

It was erected less than two hundred feet from the shaft through 
which the coal which was put through it was brought to the surface. 

The breaker and shaft so located with reference to each other were 
used from 1882 until August, 1900. 

In the year 1902, the stock of the Hillman Vein Coal Company was 
bought by certain individuals, and shortly afterwards the defendant 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OF MINES 

corporation was chartered, with said individuals and many others 
as stockholders. 

The organization of the Hillman Vein Coal Company is still 
kept up. 

None of the property of the Hillman Vein Coal Company has 
been transferred to the defendant corporation. 

In the latter part of the year 1902, Robert Ireland, of the firm of 
Ireland and Pettebone, architects, saw a newspaper item in which 
it was stated that the defendant company was about to resume 
mining operations at the old Hillman vein colliery. 

With a view of getting the job of preparing plans for remodeling 
the old breaker, he, of his own accord, examined it, and made a 
sketch plan, which he submitted to Mr. McCaskie, who was the 
man who had negotiated the purchase of the Hillman vein stock, 
and was an attorney at law, a stockholder of the Hillman Vein 
Coal Company, one of its directors, a member of its executive com- 
mittee, and was also a stockholder of the defendant company. 

With these plans McCaskie and Ireland met at the old breaker 
sometime before Christmas, 1C02, and in that way procured in- 
formation from which the plans were finished. They bear date 
January 17, 1902, and about two months after that date were ac- 
cepted by McCaskie, and the work which has been since done has 
been in accordance with those plans. 

Before any actual work w^as done Mr. McCaskie and Mr. Kearney, 
also a stockholder and director and the other member of the exe- 
cutive committee of the Hillman Vein Coal Company, and vice 
president of the defendant company, called in the mine inspector 
of this district, and McCaskie went upon the ground with him, 
^ and submitted the plans to him, and he examined into the matter 
and said that it was all right and that they should go ahead. 

He did this after legal advice had been given him. 

Thereupon McCaskie and Kearney, or the Hillman Vein Coal Com- 
pany, or the defendant company— it does not matter which, for the 
purposes of this motion— went ahead with the work. 

The mine inspector was there at least once during the progress of 
the work. 

Nobody did anything to mislead the mine inspector. 

McCaskie went over the matter with the mine inspector, so as 
to be assured that he was within the law, and showed him the 
plans, and went on the ground with him, and told him that if the 
timbers were rotten so as not to bear what was to put in, they would 
probably replace them with new timbers, and the mine inspector 
approved the proposed action. 

On the faith of this approval McCaskie and his associates, who- 
ever they are, proceeded in conformity with the plans and ideas 
so submitted, and expended nearly fifty thousand dollars on the 
building before this injunction was applied for. 

The building which is there now is of new materials, because the 
old timbers were found rotten and insufficient to support the new 
machinery which is intended to be used. 

It is essentially, however, upon the lines of the old breaker, and 
upon the old foundations. 



ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

LAW 

The plaintiff is estopped, and the preliminary injunction must be 
dissolved. 

GENERAL DISCUSSION 

The act of June 2, 1891, P. L. 185, following- substantially the 
language of the act of June 30, 1885, P. L. 226, declared, "that from 
and after the passage of this act, * * * ^o 'breaker' shall be 
erected within two hundred feet of any such opening. * * * pro- 
vided, That this section shall not apply to breakers that are now 
erected." 

Having regard for the old law, the mischief and the remedy, there 
is great force in the arguipent that if by fire or the elements a 
breaker within the proviso of the act shall be destroyed, it may 
not be re-built, even upon the old founda.tion walls, but then 
comes within the prohibition of the act. 

There is equal force in the argument that if not actually de- 
stroyed, such a breaker, arriving at such a state of delapidation 
as puts it beyond repairs, and requires a new building, also comes 
within the prohibition of the statute. 

The analogy of cases arising upon ordinances prohibiting the 
erection of frame or wooden buildings within prescribed fire limits, 
and holding that such buildings may not be rebuilt after having 
been destroyed by fire or the elements, makes strongly for a like 
construction of the act of 1891. 

So, too, in determining- what shall constitute an erection of a 
building, as distinguished from repairs, the cases arising upon me- 
chanics' liens seem to be applicable, even upon the admission that 
the statute ought to receive a strict construction. * 

On the other hand, there is force in the arg-ument that such 
breakers as are within the proviso of the act of 1891 are in the same 
situation as if the act had never been passed. 

That as to them, therefore, by the express terms of the statute 
there is no prohibition, and what n:iight have been done concern- 
ing them before the act of 1SS5, may still be done. 

This latter argument has received the assent of two judges of 
the common pleas — Judge Hand, in Commonwealth vs. Smith, 4 C. 
P. R. 1, and Judge Smith, in Commonwealth vs. Vipond, 14 C. C. R. 
357 (1893). 

In addition to this, the Attorney General, at the request of the 
Chief of the Mining Bureau, has given the act of 1891 a like interpre- 
tation. 

See Coal Company breaker, 8 D. Reps. 124 (1899). 

It is safe to say, therefore,- that the complainant's right to pre- 
vail, is doubtful in law, and that alone -would prevent a continuance 
of this injunction, which cannot result otherwise than in great 
pecuniary loss to the defendant, since it ties up the operations of 
a mining property of considerable extent. 

City of Philadelphia's Appe'al, 78 Pa. p. 33. 

I put the decision, however, squarely upon the ground that the 
complainant is estopped by the conduct of the Mine Inspector. 

If it were an individual who was asking for the continuance of the 
injunction, and it appeared that he had, with full knowledge and 



No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OP MINES xxxl 



information, encouraged the expenditure of nearly fifty thousand 
dollars by the defendant, before asserting- that defendant's con- 
duct was unlawful, and that too in a matter in which it was his 
special duty to know that such conduct was unlawful and to speak 
out, no one could doubt that he would be estopped. 

The same law applies to the Commonwealth when she is party to 
an action. 

Commonwealth vs. Smith, 2 Clark 120. 

Commonwealth vs. Phila., &e.. Turnpike Co., 153 Pa. 47. 

The statute makes it the duty of the Mine Inspector to "examine 
all the collieries in his district at least every two months (and), as 
often in addition thereto as the necessities of the case or the condi- 
tion of the mine require. He shall see that every necessary pre- 
caution is taken to secure the safety of the workmen and that the 
provisions of this act are observed and obeyed," etc. 

Act of 1901, June 8, P. L. 543. 

He is designated as the person upon whose application, in behalf 
of the Commonwealth, injunction shall be issued prohibiting the 
working of any mine or colliery * * * in contravention of the 
provisions of this act. 

Act of 1891, June 2, P. L. 204. 

He is therefore the Commonwealth's officer or agent charged with 
the special duty of investigating and knowing if this breaker was 
being erected in contravention of the act of 1891, and if so, designated 
as the person who in behalf of the Commonwealth should proceed 
to enjoin it. 

He determined in the beginning, after investigation, that the action 
of those engaged in repairing or re building was not in contravention 
of the statute. 

I am not prepared to say that he was wrong in so deciding, but 
whether right or wrong, the parties having gone ahead, and ex- 
pended large sums of money, upon the faith of his consent, and with- 
out any subsequent dissent on his part, and having done this with 
full knowledge on his part, not hurriedly or covertly, but openly and 
during the greater part of a year, it would seem to me that the Court 
is now asked to do what the Legislatures of 1885 and 1891, recogniz- 
ing as I do, all the dangers attending such an operation, refused to 
do, namely, to require the destruction or abandonment of a breaker 
already erected. 

It is too late. 

If the defendant had gone on in direct and unmistakable violation 
of the statute law, perhaps the case might be different, as. for ex- 
ample, if the act of 1891 clearly and expressly forbade the rebuilding 
or extensive repairing of an old breaker on the original site, but 
where its legal right to do what it has done is doubtful, and was 
doubtful at the inception of the work, and during its progress, and 
it has gone upon the faith of a resolution of that doubt in its favor 
by the officer of the State having authority in the premises, and ex- 
pended- large sums of money, in good faith relying upon that de- 
cision, equity will refuse its aid, even to the State. 
Adapting the language of the chancellor in Attorney General vs. 

The Delaware, &c., Railway Co., 27 N. J. Eq. p. 1, "The work has 

been from its commencement, a matter of public notoriety, and yet 

no action has been taken on the part of the State authorities, nor 

even any warning offered by them against the work. The defendants 

3 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

have been permitted to make their immense expenditure upon their 
enterprise in the confidence of their convictions that they possessed 
all requisite legislative authority without even a word of protest or 
remonstrance" — indeed with the express sanction and encourage- 
ment of the State, speaking through its duly authorized official. 
"Under such circumstances, equity will refuse its aid, even to the 
State." 

Quoted with approval in 
Commonwealth vs. Phila., &.C., Turnpike Co., 153, Pa. 55. 

Now, October 27, 1903, this cause came on to be heard, and was 
argued by counsel, and thereupon, upon consideration thereof, it is 
ordered, adjudged and decreed as follows, viz., that the preliminary 
injunction heretofore granted on the 15th day of July, 1903, be and 
the same is hereby dissolved. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 

The Bureau of Mines was created by the act of July 15, 1897, as a 
part of the Department of Internal Affairs. The act provided_for 
a Chief of the Bureau, one clerk and a messenger, and lodged with 
the Governor the power to appoint the Chief. Governor Hastings 
named Robert Brownlee as Chief, and the Secretary of Internal 
Affairs named the clerk and messenger. At the time the Bureau 
of Mines was established the number of inspectors was 18, of which 
8 were in the anthracite region and 10 in the bituminous region. 
As the Bureau was under the direct supervision of the Secretary of 
Internal Affairs, it was apparent to him at once that the clerical 
force provided was inadequate to perform the work, and he there- 
fore detailed an additional clerk and a stenographer, increasing the 
force to five persons. But this force was not sufficient, and when 
I was appointed Chief of the Bureau by Governor Stoue, on May 
15, 1899, 1 instituted night work in the office. It was necessary to do 
this, particularly in the months of January, February, March and 
April, when the reports from the inspectors were coming in and the 
compilation of the annual report of the Bureau was in progress. The 
work was made still heavier in 1901 by the appointment of two addi- 
tional inspectors in the bituminous region. 

On the 14th of April, 1903, the act was approved creating the 
Department of Mines, and on the same day Governor Pennypacker 
appointed the present incumbent Chief of the new department. 
The act also provided for an assistant, two clerks, a stenographer 
and a messenger, a total of six persons, only one more than was 
employed in the Bureau. 



No. 12. DEPARTMENT OP MINES xxxlll 

On Januar}^ 1, 1903, the act increasing the number of anthracite 
inspectors from eight to sixteen became operative, and under the 
provisions of section 5, article 10, of the act of May 15, 1893, 
the number of bituminous inspectors was also increased from ten 
to fifteen, raising the total number from eighteen to thirty-one, 
an increase of 72 per centum since the establishment of the Bureau. 

In addition to this, the act of 1903, creating the Department of 
Mines, provided that the boards to examine applicants for the posi- 
tion of mine inspector, mine foreman, assistant mine foreman and 
miner, in the anthracite region, and first and second grade mine 
foremen, in the bituminous region, shall file all examination pajjers, 
including questions, answers and tally sheets, in the Department, 

The act also provided that the Chief of the Department shall issue 
certificates of Ojualification to the mine foremen and assistant mine 
foremen in the anthracite region, and to the first and second grade 
mine foremen in the bituminous region, who are reported as having 
passed a successful examination. This work was formerly done 
by the Secretary of Internal Affairs, the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, and the bituminous inspectors. The Miners' Examining 
Boards, however, were never before required to report their work 
to any of the State Departments. 

The additional work, as referred to, with the increase in the 
number of inspectors, has overwhelmed the Department to such an 
extent that it has been almost impossible to keep abreast, notwith- 
standing the hours of the evening have constantly been devoted to 
work. It is apparent, therefore, that if the Department of Mines 
is to render the valuable service for which it was created, it will 
be necessary for the law to provide additional clerical force. I 
therefore recommend that section 9 of the act of April 14, 1903, 
be amended to read as follows: 

"The Chief of the Depai'tment of Mines is hereby empowered to 
name a Deputy, four clerks, one messenger and one stenographer." 

I recommend a Deputy, as it is necessary to have a person in 
authority that can decide important matters in the absence of the 
Chief of the Department, who is obliged to spend much time in 
investigating the complaints made from different parts of the State, 
and in visiting and consulting with the inspectors of the 31 districts. 

In this connection it is proper to refer to the requirements of the 
Department in the way of accommodations in the new capitol build- 
ing. The floor space required will be at least 3,800 square feet, to 
be divided into seven apartments for the Chief, Deputy, stenogra- 
pher, clerks, messenger and exhibit room. The plan of the rooms 
and the details of their arrangement need not be mentioned here. 

C— 12— 1903 



xxxiv ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc. 

Summary of the Work of the Department (formerly Bureau) of Mines 











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No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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ANNUAL, REPORT OF THE 



Off. Doc. 



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DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. ]2. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



xlvii 



TABLE K— ANTHRACITE, lstt2 TO 1903 INCLUSIVE 

Production of coal in tons of 2,000 pounds, numlier of tons produced per em- 
ploye inside, quantity of explosives used, and the number of tons of coal pro- 
duced for each pound of explosive used 








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1892, 
lS!ro, 
1S94, 
1S95, 
3S90, 
1S97, 
ISl'S, 
IStlS, 
190U, 
190J, 
1902, 
1903, 



51,226, 
52,841, 
50,966, 
57,351, 
53,893, 
52,531, 
52,302, 
60,518, 
57,363, 
67,094, 
41,340, 
75,232, 



647 
625 
611 
600 
644 
567 
534 
655 
682 
680 
t420 
t737 



30,981,875 
31,723,771 
30,755,450 
32,766,775 
32,117,950 
31,804,95* 
30. 670, ICO 
34,317,275 
30,929,500 
38,020,100 
21,128,675 
42,529,400 



1,092,190 
1,324,142 
1,7L3,235 
1,797,494 
1,733,970 
2,415,650 
5,025,015 
3,649,417 
3,454,641 
4,155,685 
2,130,9'65 
5,317.422 



1.59 
1.60 
1.57 
1.61 
1.59 
1.50 
1.57 
1.59 
1.61 
1.59 
•1.77 
1.57 



The ton of 2,000 pounds is used so that a ccniparison can be made with the bituminous pro- 
duction per pound of powder used. 

"The increase in production per pound of powder used was cau.sed by the production of the 
washeries during the strike. 

tThis decrease in production per employe inside was caused by the small number of days 
worked on account of the strike. 

JThe increase in production per employe was due to the large production of the washeries. 



xlviii 



ANNUAL- REPORT OF THE 



Off. Doc. 



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DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



xlix 



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3,848 
2,424 
2,104 
27,233 
48,194 
12,835 

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No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



lill 



TABLE Q— ANTHRACITE, 1870 TO 1903 INCLUSIVE 

Fatal accidents per each 1,000 employes in and about the mines, and tons of 
coal mined for each fatal accident 





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1870, 
1S71, 
1S72, 
1873, 
1874, 
1875, 
1876, 
1877, 
1S7S, 
1879, 
ISSO, 
1881, 
1882, 
ISSS, 
1S84, 
1885, 
18S6, 
1S87, 
1888, 
1889, 
1890, 
1891, 
1892, 
1893, 
1894, 
1895, 
1896, 
1897. 
1898, 
1899, 
19(10, 
1901, 
1902, 
1903, 



35, 

37, 

44, 

48, 

53, 

69, 

70, 

66, 

63, 

68, 

73, 

76, 

82, 

91, 

101, 

100, 

103, 

106, 

122. 

119, 

119, 

123, 

130, 

138, 

139, 

143, 

i.-o, 

149, 

142, 
140, 
143, 
147, 
148, 
151, 



600 


211 


5.93 


4SS 


210 


5.60 


745 


165 


3.71 


199 


224 


4.65 


402 


231 


4.33 


a.itt 


23S 


3.40 


474 


228 


3.24 


842 


194 


2.90 


964 


187 


2:92 


S47 


262 


3. 81 


373 


202 


2.75 


031 


273 


3.59 


200 


291 


3.54 


421 


323 


3.53 


073 


332 


3.2S 


320 


332 


3.31 


044 


279 


2.71 


517 


316 


2.OT 


218 


364 


2.98 


CM 


397 


3.32 


919 


378 


3.15 


308 


428 


3.47 


166 


418 


3.21, 


069 


456 


3.30 


939 


416 


3.19 


090 


421 


2.94 


298 


502 


3. 84 


557 


423 


2.83 


416 


411 


2.89 


656 


461 


3.28 


816 


411 


2.85 


6S1 


513 


3.47 


139 


300 


2.03 


S27 


518 


3.41 



12,653,575 
13,868,087 
13,899,976 
L8, 751. 358 
17,794,857 
20,895,220 
19,611,071 
22,077,869 
18,661,577 
27,711,250 
24,843,476 
30,210,018 
30,867,301 
33, 200, 608 
32.561,390 
33. 520, 941 
34,064,543 
37,137,251 
41,638,426 
30,015,835 
40,080,355 
44,320,967 
45,738,373 
47,179,563 
45,506,179 
51,207,000 
48,074,330 
46,947,354 
47,145,174 
54,034,224 
51.217,318 
59.905,951 
36,911,554 
67.171,951 



59,970 

66,039 

83,735 

83,711 

77,034 

87,795 

86,013 

113,803 

99,795 

105,768 

122,988 

110,659 

106,073 

102.788 

98,076 

100,967 

122,095 

117,523 

114,391 

75, 632 

106,033 

103,554 

109,422 

103,464 

102,031 

121,632 

95,765 

U0.987 

114,708 

117,211 

124,616 

116.776 

123,038 

129.675 




(liv) 



ANTHRACITE MINE DISTRICTS 



( I ) 



1—12—1003 




(2) 



OFFICIAL. DOCUMENT. - No. 12. 



First Anthracite District 



LACKAWANNA AND SUSQUEHANNA COUNTIES 



Scranton, Pa., March 5, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: In compliance with Section 15 of the Antliracite Mine Law 
of June 8, 1901, I have the lionor of presenting my report as Inspector 
of the First Anthracite District for the 3'ear 190,'>. 

The tables clearly set forth all the statistical information per- 
taining to tonnage and accidents, but on account of this being the 
first report since the division of the district, it is impossible to make 
an intelligent comparison of detailed results with previous years, 
except to state that the percentage of fatal accidents to the number 
of tons of coal produced was greater in 1903 than in 1902. 

Respectfully submitted, 

L. M. EVANS, 
Inspector. 



(3) 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



First Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 16 

Number of mines in operation^ 16 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,509,563 

Number of tons shipped to market, 4,131,907 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 39,747 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 337,909 

Number of persons emplo3'ed inside the mines, 7,825 

Number of persons employed outside, 2,571 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 22 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, . . . 204,980 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, . . . 356 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 4 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside,. . 643 

Number of wives made widows b,y fatal accidents, 14 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 23 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 64 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident inside, 122 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 6 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 428 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 2 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, 26 

Number of electric motors used inside, 25 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 31 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 7 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 9 



No. 12. FJRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



TABLE A.— First Anthracite District, 1003 

PRODUCTION OF COAL, 

Names of Companies Tons 

Hillside Coal and Iron Company, 831,032 

Scrauton Coal Company, 1,271,2G0 

Delaware and Hudson Company, 1,21 8,3"),") 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company,. 072,785 

Temple Iron Company, 427,11)2 

North End Coal Company, 88,931) 

Total, 4,509,563 



Production by Counties 

Lackawanna, 3,794,587 

Susquehanna, 714,970 

Total, 4,509,563 



REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



11 



TABLE G.— First Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed cr Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 





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TABLE H.— First Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



15 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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No. 12. 



FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



17 



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2—12—1903 



18 



REPORT 01- THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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20 



REPORT OF THK DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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REPORT OF T'iii: DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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FIRST ANTHKACITE DISTllICT 



23 





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REPORT OF TJIi: D^ii!PARTMENT OF MINES 



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1 hn"" II OJ (1) 6 r< ajtiJ-H 




a mov 
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[acerated arm, from which he 
;k jaw on December 10. 

a fall of "bell" roof from an 

se safe roof. Was not detec 
ough in a cross-cut. 
fall of "bell" roof in the face 
amber that was apparently sa 
blasting. After recharging 
ree times he returned the last t 
on, and was killed by the bias 

tl>in IS feet from the face, 
falling over a walk in a breake 
iling had been removed on ace 
pairs being made at the time. 

feet. 


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32 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Oil". Doc. 

Remarks ou District 

I entered upon the duties of tlie office Jiiue 3, 1903, having- been 
appointed to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Edward E. Roderick, who 
resigned to accept the sup>erintendency of the North End Coal Com- 
pany, at Scranton, Pa. 

There are 16 collieries in the district, 7 of which are gaseous and 
non-gaseous, emiilo^dng 7,825 persons inside the mines, under 
the daily supervision of 23 mine foremen, 17 assistants and 31 fire 
bosses; making a total of seventy-one persons who are in charge 
of the dail}' operation of these collieries and responsible for these 
7,825 persons. 

Accidents 

Notwithstanding that the district has been so adjusted that mine 
inspections may be made more frequently, I regret to say that the 
results in regard to accidents have not been as satisfactory as might 
have been expected under the existing conditions. 

The number of tons of coal produced per fatal accident inside in 
1902 was 221,224, while in 1903 the number was only 201,980. 

Of the 22 fatal accidents inside, 14 were caused by falls of roof, 
and investigations proved that 11, or 50 per cent., of these could 
have been avoided had the victims themselves used the necessary 
precautions. 

It has also been proved that these accidents can be attributed to 
two general causes. First. Where the miner, after failing to bar 
down a suspicious piece of roof, pronounced it safe and started to 
work under it, when he should have either propped or blasted it 
down. Second. Where the miner, after firing a blast, returned to 
the face to work out some loose coal entirely' too soon, before the 
smoke had time to clear away, and without making a careful ex- 
amination of the roof, which the law as well as good judgment 
requires. 

As long as the mining of coal continues it will be attended by 
dangers and fatalities, but it is seldom that a person is killed or 
seriously injured in a place that he knows to be dangerous, because 
he is on the alert, and takes no chances. This being the case, it 
may truthfully be said that the number of fatal accidents could be 
reduced if the employes were to use more precaution in apparently 
safe places. 

Condition of the Mines 

The condition of the mines in general is good, with the exception 
of a few i^laces in non-gaseous mines where the ventilation could 



No. 12. FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 33 

be improved by the forcineii, with the use of more doors, and the 
employes themselves usin*;- moi-e priM-aution to elose them after 
drawing- ears thronjih the working plaees. The operators furnish 
the meehanieal means to produce ventilation, and any failure to 
conduct it to the woiking faces is due to the indilTcrence of the mine 
foremen. 

The attention of mine foremen is called to the importance of not 
having two cross-cuts come o])])osite each other in the same cham- 
ber, except, in the face where the place is finished, as ventilation is 
more elTective, the mine is strengthened and the expense reduced by 
not having the cross-cuts come o])posite each other. 

The use of inferior oils for illumination is to be condemned in the 
strongest terms as being injurious to health and a detriment to ven- 
tilation. The amount of smoke given olf by lamps burning these 
oils is astonishing, especially in low veins, but their discontinuance 
cannot be looked for until the Assembly sees fit to enact laws to pro- 
hibit their use. 

The condition of souie mines could be made more sanitary and 
healthful if more attention was paid to drainage by the foremen and 
employes. 

After making an inspection of all the workings in this district, 
I report them to be to the best of my knowledge and judgment, in 
a safe condition. 

As to ventilation and drainage, I report the following: 

Hillside Coal and Iron Company 
Clifford, (Jrlenwood and Riverside, ventilation fair, drainage poor. 
' Forest City and Raymond, ventilation good, drainage good. 
Johnsons and Ontario, ventilation good, drainage fair. 

Elk Hill Coal and Iron Company 
Richmond No. 3, ventilation good, drainage fair. 
Richard No. 4, ventilation good, drainage good. 

Delaware and Hudson Company 
Coalbrook and Marvine, ventilation good, drainage good. 
Leggitt's Creek, ventilation good, drainage fair. 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company 
Storrs, ventilation good, drainage fair. 

Temple Iron Company 
Northwest, ventilation good, drainage good. 
Lackawanna, ventilation good, drainage fair. 

3—12—1903 



34 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

North End Coal Company 
North End, ventihition fair, drainage fair. 

Improvements 

The Hillside Coal and Iron Company made the following improve 
ments at their various collieries during the year. 

Clifford Shaft.— One balance plane driven 6x14 feet, 498 feet long. 

Extension of No. 8 plane on east side, 6x14 feet, 198 feet long. 

Ilngine plane on west side, partly driven, 6x10 feet, 300 feet long. 

Forest City Slope. — Have sunk an air shaft at the extreme south 
workings, 12x25 feet in depth; also a new slope to the New County 
vein (opened from surface) 8 feetxl6feet, 250 feet long. 

Forest City No. 2 shaft. — The present air shaft was continued from 
the Clark to the Bottom or Dunmore vein, a distance of 245 feet; 
size of shaft, 12 x 12 feet. The cribbing at the head was replaced 
at the same time with concrete. 

They have also installed at their Forest City No. 2 shaft (one in 
the Clark Vein and one in the Bottom or Dunmore vein) two 6^ ton 
mine locomotives with cable reels attached. These motors are used 
in place of mules to bring the coal from the face to the passing 
branches, where the larger motors get the coal. 

It has been the practice for jcslvs at this colliery, to use a small 
size locomotive, but being equipped with a trolley, they had found 
considerable difficulty with having to extend the trolley wires in 
the chambers as the places advanced, and also found it quite expen- 
sive. The later type of motors, with the reel attachments avoid the 
necessity of trolley wires being put up in the chambers, and are 
working very successfully. They are so well satisfied with it, and 
especially in laying out new workings, that they will endeavor to do 
without mule haulage altogether, as besides the other conveniences, 
the motors do not take up as much height as mules, and conse- 
quently they find they do not have to cut as much rock in a low vein 
as would otherwise be necessary. 

They have also installed at No. 2 shaft one Jeansville Woodlined 
Compound Duplex Plunger Pump, size 18 and 28x10x18 inches, and 
at Clifford shaft a Scranton Steam Pump Company's Compound Du- 
plex Plunger Pump, 18 and 28x10x18 inches; both of these throv/- 
ing to the surface; and at Clifford shaft they have constructed a mule 
barn (inside) to accommodate about 50 mules. 

Scranton Coal Company 

At their Johnsons~No. 1 shaft, Priceburg, a pair of Vulcan Hoist- 
ing engines 28x48 inches has been installed. 



No. 12. FIRST ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 35 

At their Ontario Colliery the Blue Ridge shaft has been sunk from 
the Clark to the Diimnore vein, a distance of 00 feet, cutting 4 feet of 
very fine coal. 

At Raymond Colliery, Archbald, a second shaft has been sunk 
to the Rider or Xew County vein, and equipped with a 22 horse 
power gasoline engine, driving a ten-foot fan. 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company 

Storrs Mines. — ^Au electric motor system has been installed. 
Four motors at Storrs Ko. 1. Three motors at Storrs No. 2, Two 
motors at Storrs No. 3. 

Also two generators to furnish power for Storrs Nos. 1 and 2, and 
one generator at Storrs No. 3. 

A washery annex, with a capacity of 500 tons daily. 

Also three steel towers, one each at Storrs Nos. 1, 2 and 3. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The annual mine foremen and assistant mine foremen's exam- 
inations were held at Carbondale, October 8 and 0. Thirty-seven 
persons were recommended for mine foremen's certificates, and 24 
for assistant mine foremen's certificates. 

Mine Foremen 

George Smith, Wm. E. Lewis, Aneirin L. Morgan, Joseph A. 
Scharar, Wm. Pugh, George Imes, Thomas Lewis, David J. Llewellyn, 
Evan II. Evans, David G. Thomas, Edward Lewis, John Sirwatka, 
Theobald Field, Gomer Parry, James Jones, Benjamin F. Bowen, 
David S. Jones, Patrick Parks, Solomon Jones, Patrick J. O'Hara, 
Walter II. Vizzeard, John Morgan, John Moore, Patk. B. Gilmartiu, 
John n. Bexou, David A. Beynon, Thomas C. Harvey, Ivor E. Davies, 
Patk. J. McAndrew, George E. Maxey, Charles Richards, John J. 
Renshaw, Joseph Vickers, Arthur C. LaMonte, Thomas Haddock, 
George C. Knight, Thomas Sullivan.. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

William D. Johns, George Evans, John T. Watkins, David Parry, 
Charles J. Arnold, Phillip W. Foster, John V. Fadden, Thomas 
Woods, Robert Reid, Wm. Rooke, Edward Reid, Thomas Robinson, 
Wm. P. Kelly, John Elderkin, Joseph RafTerty, David J. Davies, Wm. 
I. Richards, Thomas Taylor, Wm. J. Williams, Wm. Miles, John F. 
Jones, Jacob Evans, William A. Stephens, AVm. J. Davies. 




(36) 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Second Anthracite District 



LACKAWANNA AND WAYNE COUNTIES 



Cai'bondale, Pa., March 1, lUOi. 

Hon, James E, Roderick, Chief of Departnicnt of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor to snbmit herewith my first annual report as 
Inspector of Mines for the Second Anthracite District for the year 
endinj^- December 31, 1903, 

Accompanying the report will be found the usual tables of statis- 
tics and some remarks that may be of interest concerning improve- 
ments made during the year, causes of accidents, flooding of mines, 
mining as compared with other occupations, inrush of sand and 
water, ventilation, di-ainage and safety of the mines. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. J. MOORE, 
Inspector. 



(37) 



38 ' REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Second Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 52 

Number of mines in operation, 52 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,252,323 

Number of tons shipped to market, 3,921,315 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 42,596 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 288,412 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 6,935 

Number of persons employed outside, 2,487 

Number of fatal accidents inside tlie mines, 30 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside,. . 141,744 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, . . . 231 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 3 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside,. . 829 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 14 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 37 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 75 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident inside, 92 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 5 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 497 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 7 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, 6 

Number of electric motors used inside, 3 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 27 

Number of furnaces used for ventilation, 1 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 7 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 45 

Number of new mines opened, 5 

Number of old mines abandoned, 2 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 39 



TABLE A.— Second Anthracite District, 1903 

PRODUCTION OF COAL, 

Names of Companies Tons 

Delaware and Hudson Company, 2,04:G,G36 

Carney and Brown Coal Company, G8,10U 

Dolph Coal Company, Limited, 215,329 

Pennsylvania Coal Company, 450,802 

Hillside Coal and Iron Company, 213,161 

Price Pancoast Coal Company, 191,098 

Edgerton Coal Company, 137,030 

Sterrick Creek Coal Company, 353,598 

Black Diamond Coal Company, 55,005 

Moosic Mountain Coal Company, 119,213 

Mount Jessup Coal Company, Limited, 98,541 

Finn Coal Company, ' 2,100 

Total, 4,252,323 

Production by Counties 

Lackawanna, 4,190,810 

Wayne, 01,513 

Total, 4,252,323 



40 



REPORT OF 1 ilE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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42 



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No. 12. 



SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 45 

TABLE G.— Second Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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TABLE H.— Second Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 































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13 


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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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REPORT OB- THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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REPORT OB' THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



55 



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56 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



OfC. Doc. 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



57 



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Black Diamond Coal Co 

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58 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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60 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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Was thawing dynamite powder which he 
had placed in a powder tin. with his 
mining lamp under it, when it exploded 
and injured him fatally. He died Jan- 
uary IS. 

While shoveling coal from under a piece 
of fire clay rock, which his laborer was 
afraid to work under, he was caught 
by it falling upon him and killed. 

Was sitting on bumper of an empty car, 
with one foot on the mule's spreader, 
and the other sliding on rail, the car 
jumped off the track at frog of chamber 
branch, and the mule pulled it against 
a prop, squeezing him between and 
killing him. 

Was loading a car of coal near the face 
when a piece of top rock fell upon him. 
Be died February 4. 

Was pulling a trip of loaded cars into 
the foot of slope, the rope was under 
the rear end of one loaded car. and 
hitched to the drawhead of another, 
and while trying to unhitch the rope, 
he placed his head between the cars. 
The car ahead of him jumped off and 
his head was squeezed, killing him. 


6 


Lackawanna, . 

Lackawanna, . 
Lackawanna, . 

Lackawanna, . 
Lackawanna, . 


6 

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Miner 

Driver 

Laborer, ... 
Runner 


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American, . . 

Welsh 

Welsh 

Austrian. ... 
American. .. 


Name of Person 


a 
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David Llewellyn, 

Abner Thomas 

Stephen Powlock 

William Greenslade 


3uap!0OB JO a3-Ba 



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No. 12. 



SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



61 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



63 



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SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



67 






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1 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 69 

Accidents by Falls of Coal, Slate and Roof 

There were 33 fatal and 80 non-fatal accidents reported in this 
district during the year 1903. By referring to Table C it can be 
seen that 30 or 90.9 per cent of the fatal accidents occurred inside 
the mines, and 3, or 9.1 per cent, outside. The number of fatal 
accidents from falls of coal and roof, seems to keep pace with pre- 
ceding years, which is positive evidence of being the greatest dan- 
ger the miner has to cope with, and really the least feared. Of the 
30 fatal accidents inside the mines, 17, or nearly 57 per cent., were 
caused by falls of coal and roof, and upon investigation it was 
learned that there were 6 miners killed by this cause. Four of these 
accidents resulted from carelessness on the part of the victims, and 
2 were unavoidable. 

There were 9 laborers killed by the same cause. Six of these 
accidents were due to the carelessness of the miner with whom 
they were working, and 3 of them were accidental. There were 
two other accidents from the same cause, one attri-buted to 
incompetency on the part of the victim, and the other accidental. 
Many excellent articles have been written by mine inspectors in the 
past on fatal accidents from this as well as other causes, and ad 
vice has been given as a result of a lifetime experience, that if fol- 
lowed would no doubt have been the means of reducing the number 
of fatalities from this cause far below A\hat it is. In addition to 
the many wise suggestions in the past to guard against dangers of 
this kind, I venture to state that until there are competent men 
employed in each mine whose duty it is to visit a certain number 
ef- working places as frequently as they can possibly do so, and direct 
the securing, or removing of all danger from this source, the acci- 
dents from falls of roof will not be reduced to any great extent. It 
may be asked, why cannot the mine foreman or his assistants attend 
to this? I claim without the least fear of successful contradiction 
that it is utterl}^ impossible for them to do so. Their time and their 
various other duties will not permit them. I can truthfully state 
that there is not one mine in this district in which I did not have 
occasion to call the attention of a number of miners to the ex- 
tremely dangerous condition of the roof, and have them remove the 
danger before I left. 

Fatal accidents from this source will occur as long as coal is 
mined, unless the miner uses every precaution known to him, and 
applies the remedies suggested by others for his safety. 

By Mine Cars, Inside 

There were five fatal accidents inside by mine cars, which is 16.6G 
per cent., of the number of fatal accidents, 40 per cent, of this 



70 REPORT OiP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

number was due to carelessness on the part of the victims, 40 per 
cent, was accidental, and 20 per cent, to a "mistake made by the 
victims. I am pleased to state, that with few exceptions the officials 
in charge of the mines in this district, are careful to see that the 
roads are kejit clean and free from obstacles that might be the 
means of causing an accident from this source. This class of em- 
ployes covers large territories, and the dangers to which they are 
subjected are many and multiplied, fo-r manj^ times they run great 
risks, and frequently meet with accidents not attributable to them- 
selves. The old methods of driving narrow gangways with room 
at intervals to pass moving cars with safety is fast giving way to the 
modern method which provides ample room on both sides of car, 
thereby reducing the danger on gangways to a minimum. Drivers 
and runners, as a rule, do not realize the dangers they are subjected 
to while performing their duties, hence they take uncalled for risks, 
and acquire a habit of carelessness in riding and handling cars, 
which frequently ends in fatal accidents, or serious injury to them- 
selves or others. A habit prevails among drivers and runners in 
this district not calculated to promote health, and it should be 
stopped at once. I refer to their sitting on the bumpers of loaded 
and empty cars with one foot dragging along the rail, and the other 
resting upon the mules' spreader. 

This habit has been condemned b,y the mine inspector of the old 
first district, and a remedy suggested, which^ if applied, would be the 
means of reducing accidents of this kind. When it is shown that 
40 per cent, of the number of fatal accidents that happened inside by 
mine cars for the year 1903 resulted from this cause, the reeessity 
of enforcing strict discipline in this matter will be appreciated. 

By Blasts 

The next most prolific cause of fatal accidents is by blasts, prema- 
ture and otherwise. They can be prevejrted only by the miner and 
laborer exercising the precaution that is absolutely necessary on 
their part while engaged in preparing a charge of powder for a 
blast, and by giving the powder ample time to be exploded after 
the hole has been properly charged, sufficient alarm given to warn 
others, and retreating to a place of safety. Many accidents from 
this cause might be averted if the simple precautions were taken that 
are contained in the mine law. There were three fatal accidents 
from blasts, or 10 per cent, of the number of fatal accidents inside. 
Two of these happened through carelessness on the part of the 
victims igniting the squib, and the other one by contributory negli- 
gence on the part of the miner with whom the victim worked. 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 71 

By Dynamite and Blasting Powder 

There were two fatal accidents from explosions of dynamite and 
blasting powder, or G.OG per cent, of the total number inside. One 
of these occuned by dynamite exploding when the miner was thaw- 
ing three sticks which he had placed in the lid of his powder tin under 
which he had placed two mining lamps. This habit exists through- 
out the district, where it is necessary to use this explosive, and 
many officials are very lax in their efforts to enforce strict compli- 
ance of the rules as laid down by the manufacturers of this ex- 
plosive. In working small veins considerable dj'iiamite is handled 
and used by the coal miner in blasting down the top or raising bot- 
tom to get sufficient height for the car and mule. This being the 
case, the miner that has occasion to use this explosive should have 
some knowledge of the proper method of handling and using the 
same with the least possible danger to himself. All frozen cart- 
ridges should be thawed, for when it is in a frozen condition is loses 
much of its efficiency. Its properties then change, and it is difficult 
to explode it with a cap. When it is in a frozen condition it should 
not be exposed to direct heat. The liability to accident by exj)lo- 
sion can be reduced only by removing as far as it is possible to do so, 
the causes and conditions which lead to such. On accoimt of the 
great importance of dynamite as an explosive in mining, and the 
number of accidents which happen from this source, some of which 
can be attributed to a lack of knowledge of handling and using this 
powder when in the above condition, I would suggest a strict ad- 
herence to general rules 29 and 31 of the Anthracite Mine Law, in 
addition to complying with the rules as laid down by the manufac- 
turers of high explosives. 

There was one fatal accident caused by removing blasting powder 
from a powder tin, with mining lamp not removed from the head, a 
spark from lamp falling into the powder resulting in an explosion, 
causing death to the victim. General rule 28 of the Mine Law pro- 
vides a means of reducing accidents of this kind to a minimum. 
Accidents from Miscellaneous Causes, Inside. 

There were three fatal accidents from miscellaneous causes inside, 
two of which were accidental and one attributed to carelessness of 
the victim. 

By Mine Cars, Outside. 

There were three fatal accidents from cars outside, two of these 
were caused by mine cars, and were found to be accidental. The 
other one was caused by the railroad cars near the breaker. An in- 
quest held on this, rendered a verdict of accidental death. 

In conclusion, permit me to state that the various accidents which 



72 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc 

are happening so frequently in and about the mines, and which are 
the result of causes that are well known to almost every one em- 
ployed about the mines, will not be reduced, excepting by the mine 
officials enforcing strict discipline after properly instructing those 
who lack the knowledge necessary to guard themselves against the 
many dangers that surround them vrhile engaged at their daily toil, 
and by every employe exercising the utmost care and obeying the in- 
structions that are given them by others. 

General Condition of the Mines 

The mines that are operated by the Delaware and Hudson Coal 
Company, with few exceptions, are in good condition. The volume 
of air entering these mines is sufficient to insure a. health}^ atmos- 
phere for each person employed. The air current is not conducted 
to the face of the working places in a few of these mines. The 
foremen in charg-e are making some efforts to improve the condi- 
tion. The roads, drainage and general condition as to safety are 
good. 

At the Gipsy Grove and 'No. 1 shaft of the Pennsylvania Coal Com- 
pany the volume of air entering the mine was found to be inadequate?, 
and steps were taken to increase the total volume. The roads and 
drainage are fair. 

At the Pancoast shaft of the Price-Pancoast Coal Company the 
quantity of air was found to be insufficient to dilute the copious flow 
of gas transpiring from the Dunmore vein to a safe limit. The 
officials in charge took steps at once to increase the volume of air, 
and remove as far as possible all danger. My last visit found it in 
first class condition. 

The Moosic Mountain mine of the Moosic Mountain Coal Company 
needs improvement to better the condition of the ventilation, roads 
and drainage. 

The Mount Jessup Coal Company is making improvements with a 
view of bettering the general condition, which is very much desired. 

In the Sterrick Creek mines of the Sterrick Creek Coal Company 
the ventilation is weak in many places, but improvements are under 
way with a view of changing the general condition for the better. 

The general condition of the Dolpii mines of the Doljjli Coal Com- 
pany is good, excepting the ventilation in some places, which will 
be remedied by changes that are contemplated. 

The mines of the Hillside Coal and Iron Comiiany were found to be 
lacking sufficient ventilation. The officials have taken steps to 
remedy this . The condition as to safety is fair. 

The general condition of the smaller companies is as follows: 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 73 

Carnej and Brown Coal Companj', fair. 

Edgerton Coal Comijany, fair. 

Finn Coal Company, good. 

Black Diamond Coal Company. — This mine was in a very bad con- 
dition generally, but on my last visit I fonnd the ventilation greatly 
improved. 

COLLIERY IMPROVEMENTS 
By the Delaware and Hudson Company 

Clinton. — Sinking new slope from surface to Grassy vein, section 
7x14 feet, present depth 125 feet. 

Extension of present haulage in old slope Top vein 2.400 feet 
begun. 

Erection of supply store 16x28 feet and office for mine foreuian 
14x18 feet. Installation of 3 cylinder boilers, 90 horse power total. 

New local sales pockets in Carbondale City of 4,500 to 5,000 tons 
capacity, with elevator and conveyor driven by 26 horse power gas 
engine. 

Carbondale No. 1. — Air shaft from surface to top vein. 151 feet, 
completed. 

One ten foot ventilating fan driven by 26 horse power gasoline 
engine. 

Powderly No. 2. — Erection of new breaker and washery combined. 
Machinery driven by one pair of 16x36 inch engines, 150 hoi'se power. 
Conveyors driven by one pair of 18x36 inch engines, 90 horse power. 
Washerj' supplied with one 18x12x18 inch Jeansville Duplex pump 
oi 1,000 gallons capacity. Installed six new return tubular boilers of 
150 horse power each. 

Jermyn No. 1. — One direct current generator of 180 kilowatts 
driven by direct connected engine. Mines wired for electric haulage, 
and one electric locomotive of 12 tons weight j)iit in use. One 24x14 
x36 inch Jeansville Duplex pump of 1,800 gallons capacity installed, 
but now under water and not being operated. 

One new gravity plane 1,200 feet long. Foot of shaft, head and 
foot of inside slope wired and light furnished by arc lamps. 

White Oak. — One 17 foot fan erected, driven by 14x36 inch engine 
to ventilate the Dunmore vein. 

New slope sunk 500 feet in Dunmore vein. 

Proposed 3,000 feet haulage road begun. 

Grassy Island. — One three stage air compressor with 1(5x11^x5 5-8 
inch diameter air cylinders. 22 inch diameter steam cylinder by 24 
inch stroke, 140 horse power. One locomotive type boiler installed, 
250 horse power. Three smnll air motors sent to this mine, but not 
all in use. 

9 



74 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off- Doc. 

New Shaft.— Present depth 525 feet. Sectiou of shaft 12x50 feet 
to be continued to Dunmore vein. Erection of new Giiibal fan at 
this shaft 28x8 feet, driven by a pair of Corliss engines 18x36 inches 

each. 

Eddy Creek.— Tunnel being driven from Kock vein to Big vein, sec- 
tion 7x12 feet, not completed. Four new openings located along 
East bank of the Lackawanna river, near Priceburg. One of these 
to open the Pierce vein, and three to open the Church vein. New air 
shaft commenced, circular in shape, 14 feet diameter. One centri- 
fugal pump of 5(iO gallon capacity, driven by electric motor. 

Three Gardiner electric drills for coal mining put in use. 
No. 2 Olyphant.— Three locomotive type boilers of 250 horse power 
<?ach installed. One 22 and 38x16x18 inch Jeansville Duplex pump, 
capacity 3,000 gallons per minute. > 

One 60 K. W. electric generator belted to a 13x12 inch Ball engine. 



By the ^>terrick Cicek Coal Company 

Sterrick Creek. — To improve the ventilation, a rock air-way was 
driven from the slope workings of the Dunmore vein up to the Clark 
vein, and two air shafts from the surface to the Clark vein w^ere 
also completed. Several intake drifts from the surface to the 
Grassy vein have been abandoned, owing to their proximity to the 
Grassy Island Creek, and in their stead an air shaft, some distance 
awaj' from the creek, has been sunk from the surface to said Grassy 
vein. 

A new Jeansville pump has been placed in the Chirk vein, near 
foot of No. 1 shaft, with a capacity of 2,000 gallons per minute. 

A new Ingersoll-Sergeant Duplex air compressor, 20x21 inch steam 
cylinder, and compound air end 33| inches and 20]x21 inches was 
added to original air plant. 

A new shaft 12x30 feet is sunk to a depth of 100 feet, to be con- 
tinued until it reaches the Dunmore vein. 

Three bore holes have been sunk from the surface, two to the Dun- 
more vein, and one to the Clark vein. 

The i)resent two inside hoisting engines, together with a large one, 
are to be placed on the surface, and ropes are to be run down the 
bore holes into the mine. This will enlarge the present capacity, 
eventually making this colliery one of the largest producers. 

By the Pennsylvania Coal Company 

^^'ork has been eommenced at both ends of a new tunnel to be 
driven from the l.ac kawanna rjver to No, 1 shaft. No. 1 colliery, for 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 75 

the purj)Ose of driiiniiig all of the collipries above ]S'o. 1 shaft in 
the Dnnmore district. 

This tunnel when completed will be about 7,000 feet in length. 
The dimensions are as follows: 

First 1,200 feet to be SxG feet. 

The next 5,000 feet to be 15x7 feet. 

The last 800 feet to be SxG feet. 

The tunnel to be driven wi(h a uniform grade of 1 inches in each 
and every 100 feet. 



By the Price-I'ancoast Coal Companj^ 

Pancoast Shaft. — Erection of two new brick supply houses, one 
20x30 feet and the other 20x40 feet. 

The old 20 foot ventilating fan has been repaired and put in lit 
condition to ventilate the Dunmore vein. 

In No. 1 or Diamond vein a new gravity plane has been constructed 
700 feet in length. 

In No. 3 vein, two new gravit}^ planes, and in No. 4 vein two new- 
gravity planes have been constructed. The West slope has been ex- 
tended for a distance of 700 feet to line near Lackawanna river. 

The Dunmore vein has been opened and a slope driven on the 
north dip 1,000 feet. A hoisting engine has been put in here, capable 
of hoisting 200 cars per day. A slope on West side is being driven, 
present length 400 feet, Avith gangways driven east and southeast. 
Seven splits of air have been made with two more under way. A 
new barn has been made in this vein to hold 33 mules. 



By the Finn Coal Company 

Erection of new breaker, dimensions of whicli are 51x51 feet and 
height over v/all 65 feet. One large screen, two sets of shakers 30 
feet long. One set of elevators, distance between centers 43 feet. 

Breaker engine 16x24 inch cylinder, 75 horse power. Capacity of 
brealver about 350 tons daily. 

A tunnel driven from No. 1 Dunmore to No. 2 Dunmore vein; length 
G6 feet, section 6x14 feet. 

A new second opening was driven from, inside to the surface, a dis- 
tance of 100 feet. 



By the Black Diamond Coal Company 

Erection of new fan, 12 feet in diameter, to ventilate No. 1 vein. 
The result is a marked im})rovement in the ventilation. 



76 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

l^looding of Mines in Carboadale District 

On the 7tli of October it began to rain and continued nntil the 
evening of the 9th. The Lackawanna river overflowed its banks 
from Carbondale to Scranton, resulting in great destruction to pro- 
perty along its path. At the old "pump house," in Carbondale, 
known as "Campbell's," there are two shafts a short distance west 
of the river. The tops of these shafts are but a few feet above the 
level of the bank of the river. Near the "pump house" the river 
overflowed its banks and the water poured down the shafts from 
early in the evening of the 8th until the following evening. 

During this time millions of gallons of vfater poured into the mine. 
There were three men working night shift in a slope in No. 3 shaft 
at this time, and had it not been for the timely notice they received, 
in all probality they would have perished. As it was, they had to 
flee for their lives, wading through the water to their w^aists. Later 
in the evening it was learned that the river had cut a channel 
through the south bank near No. 1 slope, changing the course of the 
stream, causing it to flow down No. 1 slope in such volume that the 
slope was not large enough to take it. The lower levels of Nos. 1 
and 3 were not long in being inundated, and the water then began 
tc run to Powderly mine, which is connected to No. 1 mine, and oper- 
ated by the same company. The water T^ as not long in filling the 
inside slope in this mine, and then began pouring in to the Erie shaft 
workings, the adjoining mine which is operated by the Hillside Coal 
and Iron Company. The water rose so rapidly in this shaft, that 
notwithstanding the efforts of the mine officials, the pumps were 
covered in a very short time. When the water had risen to a certain 
point in this shaft, it then flowed to the Glenwood shaft workings, 
which are operated by the same company. 

At 3 o'clock P. M. Saturday, October 10th, the water had 
reached a vertical height of 40 feet in the Glenwood shaft. From 
this point it ran into the Jermyn No. 1 shaft. This shaft is located 
at Jermyn and is operated by the Delaware and Hudson Coal Com- 
pany. I visited this mine October 15th, and was informed that the 
water was 25 feet vertically above their pumps in the inside slope. 

The flooding of all of those mines emplasizes the necessity of leav- 
ing sufficient barrier pillars along the line of adjoining properties 
in each vein for the safety of employes, and for the benefit of the 
operators. Had those mines been worked in days g'one by with safe 
barrier pillars left along adjoining properties, it vrould have been the 
means of preventing the flooding of all of those mines, which happens 
frequently and means enforced idleness to a great number of men and 
boys, and an enormous expense to the operator. 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 77 

J n rush of Sand and Water into the Workings of tlie Eddy ('reek 
Shaft of the Delaware and Hudson Company at Olyphaut 

At about o o'clock Friday afternoon, January 2, 1903, a cave-in 
occurred on one of the busiest street in Olyphant, when four build- 
ings, including a large hotel, sunk fifty feet and w-ere covered. 

When it was learned that none of the occupants were lost, it was 
looked upon as almost miraculous. The large w^ater main ran 
through near the center of this cave-in, and it w^as found that it was 
broken, and a large volume of water poured its way into the mine, 
carrying with it large quantities of sand and gravel, which caused 
much alarm for the safety of the men and boys employed in this part 
of the mine. 

Fortunately, however, all the men and boys made their escape 
without injury, although many of them had to wade through mud 
and water above their waists. 

On January 5th I visited this mine for the purpose of making a 
thorough examination of this particular part, hoping to ascertain 
the cause of cave-in, and to note the condition of workings, and if 
possible devise some means of jjreventing a repetition of the accident. 
I was met at the mine by Mr. Edward Koderick, then Mine Inspector 
of the First District, and after a brief consultation with the mine 
ofiicials relative to the condition of the workings in this particular 
district, it was learned that the cave-in took place in old workings 
that were abandoned in 1896. The range of chambers that was 
affected by the wash from the cave-in was opened from a gangway 
driven from the top of ''Hoye's" plane to the head of "Moyle's" slope, 
a, distance of about 1,800 feet. "Moyle's" slope is sunk on the north- 
"Avest dip of an "anticlinal," and ''Hoye's" plane v/as driven on the 
southeast dip of same "anticlinal." The face of those chambers is 
on or near the apex of the "anticlinal." To reach this district it 
was necessary to travel from the head of "Moyle's" slope toward 
"Hoye's" plane, and in doing so v/e had to travel upon hands and 
knees for a distance of about 500 feet. The sand and gravel came 
within 18 inches of the roof of gangway for this entire length, which 
made it extremely difficult for the men and boys employed near this 
district to escape. 

When w'e reached the district in which the cave-in occurred, we 
found the pillars to be very uniform in width and length, and the 
chambers the same: Many of the chambers were filled with rock 
which had been taken from other parts of the mine and unloaded 
there for protection of the pillars and roof. There was no indica- 
tion of a "squeeze," and as the rock covering over the vein is not of a 
cohesive nature, it will yield under much less force, and will not 
transmit the pressure it receives to any great distance. The pro- 



78 REPORT OF THE DlDPARTiMENT OF MINES Of£. Doc. 

bable cause is tliat there may have existed at this point a local '"'pot 
hole," which would increase the depth of sand and gravel and de- 
crease the thickness of the rock covering overlying t-he coal seam. 
The props may have been decaped under this roof at this point, and 
owing to the great weight of sand over this shallow rock, it yielded. 
To guard against a repetition of the above occurrence, suggestions 
were made, and I am pleased to state that the officials in charge put 
them into effect at once. 

This company has bored a number of holes along the flats in this 
vicinity for the purpose of establishing proof of the thickness and 
nature of the covering overlying the coal seams. While it does not 
furnish absolute security against accident, I think it is the means 
of reducing the number of accidents from this source to a miriimum, 
besides the saving of many mines from complete ruin. 

Ventilation 

This important subject has been given the proper attention by 
some of the officials in this district, and they will agree with me 
when I say that they have been amply rewarded for making improve- 
ments that increase the ventilation, and that conduct the current to 
the face of each working place. I regret to state that this very im- 
portant subject, which is one of the most essential in the successful 
development of a mine, is given passing attention only by a great 
number of mine officials in this district. In many cases this cannot 
be attributed to a lack of knowledge of the laws governing veutila 
tion, but rather to a laxity on their part in allowing the ventilating 
currents to lag behind the working faces, until the condition of the 
Avorkings becomes unendurable, and as such increases the many dan- 
gers to a great extent, and also increases the expenses of everything 
connected with the mining, preparing and transporting of the coal 
to the surface. The injury inflicted on the workmen where the above 
condition exists is entirely uncalled for, and cannot be too harshly 
condemned. It has been my experience where I found a f ev/ mines in 
this district operating under the above conditions that the officials 
in charge were invariably incompetent men. It is unpleasant to 
have to comment so severely, but the truth should not be hidden in 
such cases. To the officials mentioned it is useless to suggest a 
remedy that will relieve existing evils. According to the statements 
given in the air reports for each colliery in the district for the year 
1903, the total quantity of air entering all of the mines in the district 
is 2,408,02*) cubic feet per minute. There are 122 splits, or separate 
currents of air in the mines of the district, through which 1,834,362 
cubic feet of air are circulating iter minute. This provides for each 
person fi-om 1,050 cubic feet to 184 cubic feet of air per minute. It- 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 79 

can be seen at a glance fioni the above, that the volume of air enter- 
ing nearly all the mines, is sufficient to render a healthy atmosphere 
for each and every person employed therein, provided, it is conducted 
in the proper manner to the face of each working place. I regret 
to state that the number of mines properly ventilated in this district 
is. few, while in a number of those unsatisfactorily' ventilated thej" 
are endeavoring to com])ly with the requirements of the law, and 
are quite successful in doing so. There are a few others, whose sole 
object seems to be to evade the requirements of the law. 

Drainage 

The condition of the collieries in the Second district in respect to 
drainage is good in many mines, while it is fair in others. The atten- 
tion given these three essentials, viz: ventilation, roads and drain- 
age by competent officials is very noticeable. We find that they who 
neglect the ventilation, also neglect the roads and drainage, with 
the result that the expenses of mining and bringing the coal to the 
surface are xevy high, and the danger attending the various branches 
of labor is increased to a great extent. 



Safety of Mines 

The condition of the mines as to safety" is very good. The writer 
:s not aware of any danger that is lurking in any mine in the district 
which would be the means of imperiling the lives of the workmen. 
Each and every mine in the district is reported as being free from 
an accumulation of explosive gases. In mines where explosive gas 
is evolved the ventilating curi ents are sufficient to dilute and render 
Itarmless the gas transpiring from the coal and strata. There are 
seven mines in the district in which explosive gases are found. Six 
of these are not considered gaseous owing to the small quantit}- of 
gas exuding from the coal and strata, nevertheless, precaution is 
taken to prevent any cause which very often results in disaster. 
There is one mine in the district in which explosive gas is liberated 
in large quantities. This mine is operated by the Priee-Pancoast 
Coal Company, and the quantity of air in circulation in this mine is 
sufficient to render a safe and healthy atmosphere. 

Mining Compared with Other Occupations 

It is impossible to compare any of the various occupations of man 
with that of the miner. True it is, his hours of toil and labor each 
day, as a rule, are exceeded by the hosts of men that ar(^ engaged in 
ether fields of manual labor, but the conditions which surround them 



so REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

while engaged in tlieir toil are such, that there can be no compariaon. 
It is the miner that must delve a life of labor in those deep caverns, 
where darkness "reigns supreme." Surrounded b}^ impending dan- 
gers, he performs his labor with the aid of a flickering light. He 
must have a trained eye to discover and escape those dangers that 
cannot be detected in any other Avay, such as ''bells and saddles", in 
the roof, and explosive gas in the safety lamp. He must have a 
trained ear to assist him to guard against those dangers which it is 
impossible to see, and can be known only by sounding, such as 
pieces of top rock, slate or coal, which appear safe to the eye, but 
when sounded will indicate imminent danger. These are some of 
the dangers which constantly hang over the miner while he is ac- 
tively engaged in his working place. In addition to these I might 
mention another great danger, namely, blasting powder. When we 
consider the quantity used for mining purposes, we will be surprised 
to learn tliat not more than 13 per cent, of the number of fatal ac- 
cidents for 1902 in the anthracite district occurred from this source. 

The miner very frequently meets with accidents from mine cars 
on gangways and slopes, and his life is in danger w^hile ascending 
and descending the shaft. Those dangers are augmented in mines 
generating explosive gases. 

Instead of using the naked light to illuminate his working place, 
he must substitute instead a lamp erroneously called a ''safety 
lamp." The name given to this lamp would convey to the minds of 
many who are using them, that it is needless for them to use the 
precaution necessary on their part, while working in an atmosphere 
mixed with explosive gases, since the lamp is a "safety lamp." This 
lamp is safe only when it is in the hands of safe persons, and it was 
never intended to be used for the purpose of working in an atmos- 
phere containing an explosive mixture of air and gas. Therefore, it 
should be ca'^ed a testing lamp. 

The illuminating power of those lamps compared with a candle, is 
from .IG to .90 depending upon the kind of lamp used. It can be seen 
from this how the dangers from gas are increased. 

Inured to the many dangers which constantly hang over and about 
him, he trudges on with a light that faintly glimmers, seemingly 
oblivious to the presence of danger. Spurred on by earnest solicita- 
tion for the welfare of those whom he loves, he boldly advances to 
meet, and cope with those agents of death, that have slain thousands, 
whose names shall never be recorded in the pages of history. Phi- 
lanthropy's voice is stilled and the sympathy extended to those 
committed to their care is blind to their needs. Our country cares 
for the widows and orphans of its sailors and soldiers, but turns a 
deaf ear, as it were, to the cries of the widows and orphans of the 
miner. 



No. 12. SECOND ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 81 

The act of April '22, A. 1). 1903, "to provide a uiiiiei-i" lioiu? or 
homes for old, crippled and helpless employes of the coal mines of 
Pennsylvania and their wives, v.ho have attained the age of fifty- 
five (55) years," is a humane act, but could not this great country pro- 
vide a means of alleviating the sufferings of the widows and orphans 
who are permitted to live in want, and sometimes reluctantly be- 
come inmates of the poor houses? Since the real history of mine 
legislation, which begins with the Avondale disaster, September 6, 
18G9, when by the burning of the breaker over the mouth of the shaft 
the smoke and gases, of combustion entered the mine and smothered 
one hundred and eight men and bo^s, there has been a number of 
wise laws enacted for the benefit of the employer and employe, and if 
in the neai' future a law could be enacted with the above purpose in 
view, it would meet v.ith the ai)proval of the Chi'istian woi'ld. 



6—12—1903 



(8-i) 



OFFICIAL. DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Third Anthracite District 



LACKAWANNA COUNTY 



Sci-aiiton, Pa., February 20, 1001. 

Jlon. Jauu's E. Koderick, Cliief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I liave iiie honor of presenting my report as Inspector of 
Alines for tlie Third Anthracite District, for the year 190:3, as pro- 
vided l\v the act of 1901. 

U contains the nsnal statistics. The accidents wliich took place 
during- the j'ear, and which have from time to time been reported to 
the Department, will be found in tabulated form. 

Kespectfully submitted, 

H. O. FKYTHERCH, 

Inspector. 



( 83 > 



S4 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Third Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Xuiubei* of mines in district, 25 

Xuiuber of mines in operation, 2") 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,643,514 

Number of tons shipped to market, 4,203,343 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 213,490 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 226,681 

Number of |>prsons employed inside the mines 6,869 

Number of persons employed outside, 2,240 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 26 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, . . . 178,597 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside,. . . 264 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 4 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, . . 560 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 19 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 49 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of minefj 79 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident inside, 87 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 6 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, ■ 373 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside 3 

Number of electric motors used inside 19 

Number oL' fans used for ventilation, 28- 

Naniber of gaseous mines in operation 18 

Number of non-gasous mines in operation, 7 



Xn. 12. THIRD AXTMIIACITE DISTRICT 85 



TAJiLE A.— Third Anthracite District, VMX.i 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons. 

Delaware, Lackavvauua and Western Railroad Company,. 2,lo2,lJ:4 

Delaware and Hudson Company, 5r)D,63i) 

Bull's Head Coal Company, 27,310 

Pennsylvania Coal Company, ". 202,034: 

A. D. and F. M. Spencer, 78,200 

Naj' Aug Coal Company, .■)2,150 

Green Eidge Coal Compan}^ 170,442 

Scranton Coal Company, 1,020,802 

People's Coal Company, 330,817 

J. J, Gibbons, 8,950 

Mountain Lake Coal Company, 4,250 

Economy Light, Heat and Power Compaiiy 49,813 

Total, 4,043,514 



Produclion by Counties 
Lackawanna, .- 4,043,514 



86 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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THIRD ANTHIiAClTE DISTRICT 



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THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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No. 12. 



Third antijracite district. 



91 



TABLE G.— Third Anthracite District, 1908 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 





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1 


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Totals '. 


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TABLE H.— Third Anthracite District, 1903 - 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 





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1 










9 
5 
13 

7 


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1 




1 




1 


1 


















Totals 


15 


7 


9 


22 


4 


IS 


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1 


1 


85 





92 



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No. 12. 



THIRD ANTHRACITE JJISTRICT 



99 







Bellevue, 

Hyde Pa 

Diamond, 

Brisbin, 

Cayuga, 

Manville, 


£ o 


2 
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c"2 



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REPORT OF .THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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No. 12. 



THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



101 





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102 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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t* cc t- ^ <x> -q« 


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Lackawanna, . 
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Lackawanna, . 

Lackawanna, . 
Lackawanna, . 


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TSIames of Operators and 
Collieries 


Delaware, Lackawanna and 

Western R. R. Co. 

Bellevue shaft and slope 

Hvrip Park 


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No. 12. 



THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



103 




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II II II 



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:ii 55 li "-^ll 
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35 



Si 



^-.•o 



B p; 



104 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



•pis^no puii apisuj iv;o; puvJO 



sp!s;no rBjoi 



SdjCoiduta Jaq^o uv 



s^ijap puB sjadasJi-Jiooa 



(ueui) sjanoid ajBig 



(s.Coq) S.IS51DICI aj-B'.s 



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No. 12, 



THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



105 



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106 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



jaquia^tclatj 



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No. 12. 



THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



107 









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No. 12. THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 113 

Description of Aeeidout* 

The tables that make up a part of this report will show the acci- 
dents classified as to causes, occupatiou and nationality of the killed 
and injured. 

In the reports for past years the accidents have been described 
at some length, either singly or in groups under heads. Falls of 
Koof and Coal, Explosions of Gas, Cars Inside, Cars Outside, Mis- 
cellaneous Inside, Miscellaneous Outside, etc. In reviewing the 
reports of my investigations of the several accidents for 1903, I 
fail to see that any special feature has been revealed requiring par- 
ticular mention or dpscription. Therefore, any detail that will be 
written touching the accidents of this year will be much in the 
nature of a repetition of what has been written in the past, on the 
same subject, in the yearly reports alreadj^ issued. 

Based on my observation and experience in investigating the ac- 
cidents of the year 1903, I would say, such accidents from falls of 
roof and coal as could be classed avoidable, v.'ould have been avoided 
in most cases b.y a more careful examination of the roof before start- 
ing to work in the morning, and after each blast the immediate re- 
/Standing of the discharged tinibers after paying due heed to every 
indication of possible danger by sounding. 

Explosions of Gas 

During the year not a single fatal accident from this cause is re- 
ported. Twelve non-fatal ones are recorded. The victims of the 
greater number of these were but slightly injured. The greater 
number of the accidents resulted from the careless handling of 
brattices near the face of gaseous places. 

Cars, Inside 

it will continue to be the duty of the Mine Inspector to call atten- 
tion to the dangerous practice resorted to by drivers and runners, 
viz: That of riding on the bumpers of moving mine cars, and sliding 
the foot along the track. While attention has repeatedly been 
called to this matter and special efforts made to discontinue the 
dangerous practice, still accidents from this cause continue to occur. 

Powder and Dynamite 

The one fatal and nine non-fatal accidents due to this cause re- 
sulted from a number of workmen riding on an electric motor in a 
mine on their way to work in the morning, after rei>eated warnings 
8—12—1903 



114 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

not to do so. One of the company had a keg, containing tweuty- 
tive pounds of powder, which was exploded by some means, probably 
a spark from a lamp or the electric wire. 

Blasts 

In firing wet holes, it is more than probable that the squib in 
many eases is shortened, but every means of proving this to be the 
fact is destroyed Avith the accident. The tendency to return too soon 
to the face, thinking the stpub has missed tire, and insuflHcient care 
in selecting a place of safety to retreat to while the blast is going 
off, tend to increase the number of accidents from this cause. 

Accid(mts Outside 

One of the victims of the ontside accidents lost his life in the 
culm chute of the Green Kidge Breaker; one lost his life by being 
run over by railroad cars, one fell into a counter-chute, in the 
Diamond breaker and was crushed by a revolving screen, and one 
was killed by being dragged by a mule. In addition to these four 
fatal acciden.ts, six non-fatal accidents ocurred on the outside. Four 
of these are credited to mine cars outside, and the remainder to 
miscellaneous causes, uncoupling cars on the "tly," falling off mule's 
back while riding to or from barns, etc. 

Inasmuch as the question is often asked, "How is it that those who 
are careless are not prosecuted by the mine inspectors as provided 
by law?" I would answer, — those who transgress in this particular, 
concerning whom the Inspector has information are generally 
among those who sutler by the accidents, and therefore, perhaps, no 
further good could be accomplished by a process at law. 

In former reports comparisons were made with the figures of pre- 
vious years, the annual rcpoits affording the means to do this, but 
this comparing of results cannot be done this year, inasmuch as 
the district covered by this report, namely the Third, has been in 
existence just one yeai'. 

Condition of Mines and Ventilation 

The condition of the mines as to ventilation, will compare favor-- 
ably with their condition at the time of the last report. More coal 
has been mined, and conse(]uently tlie excavations have extended in 
proportion, and the territory to be examined daily is continually 
increasing in area. As to ventilation, Table I will show the actual 
<iuantity of air in circuhition as reported to this otfice in December, 
1!)();'>, the number of splits or currents and the numb'er of persons 



No. 12. THIRD ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 115 

euiploved iu each split, iii each of the mines of tlie distiiet. Tlie 
table shows that the law is being- well observed in this respect. In- 
asmuch as the figui'L's for each mine are given, no comments as to 
the quantity of air in circulation are required. 1 would add, how- 
ever, that the total quantity of air in circulation does not in every 
case show the condition of the ventilation of the working face. On 
this account while the quantity entering the mine is sufficient, the 
distribution of the current is sometimes found defective in non- 
gaseous mines. Whenever this is found to be the case the Inspec- 
tor has had but little difficulty in having the defect remedied at 
once. In gaseous mines this distribution of the current cannot be 
neglected without serious consecjuences, as gas immediately ac- 
cumulates in the face. 

Drainage 

Little cause for complaint on account of defective drainage exists 
in this district, particularly in the workings of the lower or deeper 
veins, which are for the most part dry, more so in fact, than is de- 
sirable. The inspector has during the year deemed it his duty in 
some cases to recommend that the main roads be sprinkled with 
\\ater, to prevent dust from contaminating the fresh air currents 
entering the workings. This suggestion has been carried out with 
beneficial results. However, in some cases in which the shallow 
veins are worked, trouble is met in the Avorkings, particularly in 
the spring and fall of the year. Not so much on account of drainage, 
in the common acceptation of the word, as from the fact that surface 
water penetrates the strata, descending like rain for a short time 
into the workings of the surface veins. Under these circumstances, 
-no efforts are spared to maintain dry and clean roads in the mines. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The annual examination of candidates for certificates as mine 
foremen and assistant mine foremen was held October 8 ^nd 9, 1903, 
in the City Hall, Scranton, Pa. The following named persons were 
recommended to the Chief of Department of Mines, as having passed 
a satisfactory examination: 

Mine Foremen 

Horace L. Johns, Thomas F. Sheehan, Charles Hillard, Thonms 
Ford. John V. James. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

Benjamin C. Evans, John II. Williams, Thomas J. Gwynne, Thomas 
Thomas, Jr., David J. Thomas, John S. Cole, David J. Thomas, 
Thomas W. Watkins, Joseph R. Bui-ns, James J. Cusick. 



( IIG ) 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Fourth Anthracite District 



LACKAWANNA AND LUZERNE COUNTIES 



Seraiiton, i'a., February IS, VJOi. 

liou. James E. Ivoderiek, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor of herewith presenting my report as lusjjee- 
tor of Mines for the Fourth Anthracite District, for the year ending- 
December 31, 1903. The quantity of coal produced during the year 
was 5,411,814 tons. The number of lives lost was 42,, leaving 20 
widows and 42 orphans. The number of non-fatal accidents was 
117, making the total number of casualties in and about the mines 
159. 

In addition to the tabulated statistics, I send herewith a brief 
description of each accident in and about the mines; also, a state- 
ment of the condition of the mines as to ventilation and drainage. 

Respectfully submitted, 

D. T. WILLIAMS, 

Inspector. 



(117) 



lis K?:]'OPT OF THE DEPART^[/i:NT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Fourth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Kumbor of mines in district, 25 

Xuinbei- of niiiu\s in operation, 25 

Xunibei- of tons of coal produced 5,411<814 

Xnniber of tons sliipped to market, 5,150,784 

Xumber of tons sold at mines to local trade 51,585 

Number of tons consumed at mines' in generatinj'' steam 

and heat 209,445 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 7,582 

Xund)er of persons employed outside 2 S7G 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines 35 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside,. 154,623 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside,. . , 217 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 7 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside,. . 411 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 20 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents 42 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 104 

Number of pei'sons employed per non-fatal accident inside, 73 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside 13 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side 221 

Number of electric motors used inside 3 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 28 

Number of furnaces used for ventilation 2 

Number of gaseous mines in operation 21 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, ..... 4 



No. 12. FOURTH ANTHrt.\CITE Dl!~TTlICT 119 



TABLE A.— Fomlii Anlhracile DisUict, V.m\. 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Coiuiinnics Tons 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Kailioad (Joinpany, . 3,323,758 

Austin Coal Company, 00,8114 

Delaware and Hudson Company 331,742 

rennsylvania Coal Company 7t),SG() 

\Vni. Conuell and ComiJaiiy 117,(578 

Lehicli Valley Coal Comi^anv 5G1),2!)U 

Jermyn and Company 47S,7:><i 

Elliott, McClure and Comi)any l!):i,:>78 

(ribbons ( 'oal Company '2i\ 23.1 

Temple Iron Company 142,3!>2 

North American Coal Company 52,244 

Brookslde Coal Company, 29,5M7 

Total 5,411,814 



Production by Counties 

Lackawanna 5,201), 422 

Luzerne, 142,392 

Total " 5,411,814 



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No. 12. FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 125 

TABLE G.— Fourth Anthracite District, 1!;03 
Nationality of Persons Killtd or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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3 


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42 







TABLE H.— Fourth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 























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126 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES. 



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FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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No. 12. 



FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



129 



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o a> 


c c c 


c c c 


aa 




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aa 










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MS 


do a 


WKM 


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KMtZJ 


HHH 


dd 


ca ci" d 


d d d" 


c c 


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e c S 


c c 


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c c c 


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d d d 


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CCS 

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C « to d 
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9—12—1903 



130 



REPORT OF THK DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



C 3 






i; <M • 



c 3 



sainiu pu-B S3s.ioti 30 .laqtunM 


fsisnsss^s 


S 


" 


■^ 




t- 






coil -II 

g 11 '^ II 

II II 

II II 


pasn 
9;iiUBuXp 30 spunoci jo .laqtunN 


s 


1,623 

538 

575 

200 

1,600 

1, 835 


«6 
















t- 


t-- 


! 


p9sn ,iapA\ocI JO sSasi jo .laqiun.NE 


13,513 

10,485 
9,246 

13,598 
7,172 
6,959 

12,338 

12,768 



















s 


t- 


siuapiooB iBjrj-uou jo .laqainN 


r-tiH 


« 


iH 








■^ 


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s 


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! 


s^uappoB IB}Bj 30 aaqiunN 


-r 


CO IM rH 


CO.Q 


s 


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1 II 

1 1! 


saAoicUua 30 .laquinisi 


t^ CD LO W? Tji M t^ k- 




i-ait-gj 


s 


S 


-a- 1 « 1 

1 *-* 1 

ub 1 1 

1 1 


pasi-ioAi sAbp jo .laquinisi 


*SiiiiiiS 




CO t^ a>c£> 


a 








II t- II 
II S II 

II II 
II II 


suo} ui iBoo JO uoijonpojd IBjoj, 


350, 585 
378,849 
235,309 
329,925 
202, 498 
199,007 
473,066 
350,483 




294,130 
206,127 
262,288 
41,491 


CD 
1 






3,333,758 
66,894 


II 

!! 


saXoxdma Xq pasn puB apB.ij 
IBoo] oj pios suoj JO .laqtun^ 


611 

398 

1,088 

468 

586 

250 

1,727 

7,486 


^ 
5 




















12,614 
2,167 


satjanioo JB jBaq puE 
lUBajs joj pasn suoj jo JaqiunN 


14,419 

6,227 

674 

470 

12,775 


CO "TT 


CO 






CD 

oira 


s 


++ 


ill ill 

«|| c-^_|| 

S 1 '■ 1 


asiMjaqjo ao ijbj ^tq 
paddiqs iboo jo suo^ jo Jeqtun>i 


335,555 
372,231 
233,547 
328, 9S7 
189, 137 
198, 757 
452,947 
325,518 


5 


294,130 

206.127 

254,988 

40,935 


CO 






C<1 


! '^ 

II s 
II 
II 
II 


II 
II 
II 
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Lackawanna, 
Lackawanna, 
Lackawanna, 
Lackawanna, 

Lackawanna, 




Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 
Lackawanna 


d 

c 
c 
cd 

d 
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d 


Names of Operators and Collieries 


























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Bellavue washer 
Hampton washe 
Taylor washery. 
Pyne washery, 

Central boiler i 
Totals, ... 




Is : '■ 


1 c >. 

>. oj 

3Q.H 


■3 
£ 

c 

3 



No. 12. 



FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



131 



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ir; 






gjj S[j §5^" 

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1 II 


II 
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132 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



sainui puB sasjoq jo aaqiuriM 



pasn 
a^IiuBuAp JO spunod jo jaqiunN 



pasn aap.vioci jo s2a5{ jo jaqiun^i 



s^uspiooB lB}Bj-u.>u JO jaqiuuM 



sjuapiooB iBjBj JO jaqumN 






g^t-J^^g 



tHOOiHr^T-HMT-HCO 



00 JS rHIM 



^ CO tH lis OS t- L 



BaXoidiua jo aaqiunjsi 



- tr i" lo -^ I 

3 fe O CM Cic 



(ssrjaqsBAi. Suipnpui jo>i) 
pasyoAi SjCbp jo .laqutn^ 



ItnS r-l M rH <M (M T-l .-1 i-H 



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suoj ui iBoo JO uoijonpo.ia ibjoj. 






sgXoidoia Xq pasn puB apBJj 
IBOo] oj pios suoi JO jaqiuiiM 



H';£)0OC^WrHt--cot;- 
5,-(C3THir30C^CKitD 

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c: i 



sajjainoo JB iBaii puB 
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No. 12. 



P^OURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



133 



saosssJdiuoo jib ju jaquinM 



soureujip ouijosid JO J^qu^nJ^I 



suoiibS — ainuiui jad 



a;!uiiLU .lad suoiiuS ui A')!.>i;iii;j 



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JS.MOd 9SJoq IiJ^Oi 



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uiB3:JS 



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134 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc, 



Bjosssaduioo jib 30 jaqmriM 


*H • 


^ 


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1 : 






1 -H : 
1 : 
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oil =50 
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"n ""*!! 






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No. 12. 



FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



135 













c- 








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136 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 






5 a 

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03 


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CO- II 

II 



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nil 



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No. 12. 



FOURTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



137 




OOoi 



13 



138 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



apisino puB apisui ib;o:i PUB^O 


5,074 

153 

1,082 

738 

367 

907 

1.205 

525 

64 

295 

28 

20 




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CO CO rH T-l PI Si rH 


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sa.^oiduia a.jino nv 


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148 REPORT OF THE DEPARTJIENT CF MINES Off. Doc. 

Accidents by Falls of Coal, Slate and Roof 

During the year 1903, 42 persons were killed or fatally injured, 
and 117 were more or less seriously injured in and about the mines 
of the Fourth Anthracite District. Of the above number 19 were 
killed or fatally injured, and 42 seriously injured by falls of roof 
and coal. These are by a large percentage the most numerous class 
of accidents and are in the majority of cases due to the miner re- 
turning to the face of his working place in the powder smoke to see 
the results of a blast, when the roof or coal which had been loosened 
by the blast, and which cannot be seen, owing to the smoke, falls 
upon him, causing fatal or serious injury. 

A number of accidents by falls occur because the roof and face 
have not been examined and sounded in order to ascertain whether 
or not anything is loose, so that it can be pulled down or secured 
with props. Props are often discharged by blasts from under the 
roof and large pieces of coal that are more than half loosened are 
left hanging and fall after the miner returns. In some cases 
where props have been discharged laborers have been fatally or 
seriously injured by falls of coal or roof due to the miner per- 
mitting them to go to the face to load a car of coal without first 
ascertaining the condition of the roof and overhanging coal. If all 
the miners were to use more judgment and be more careful after 
firing a blast before returning to work, a large percentage of the 
accidents by falls of roof and coal would be averted. 

Accidents by Explosion of Gas 

Three were fatally and four seriously injured by explosion of gas. 
The explosion at the Taylor colliery of the Delaware, Lackawanna 
and Western Railroad Company, on the morning of January 14, by 
which Edward David was instantly killed and Charles Reed was so 
seriously injured that he died a few days later, was the result of the 
water rising unexpectedly at the foot of the up-cast shaft, causing 
a quantity of gas to accumulate in the return air-way. Reed and 
David were going to examine a pipe line, David opened a trap-door 
leading to the air-way, his naked light came in contact with the 
gas and a fearful explosion occurred. Roas Vender was fatally 
burned by gas in Old Forge No. 1, on February 5, as the result of 
his own carelessness. It appearing from information elicited at 
the investigation that he went into the old workings after being 
warned by other men not to go. His naked light came into contact 
with a small body of gas, burning him severely, from which he died 
14 days later. 

Those slightly burned were burned by the men igniting small 



No. 12. FOURTH ANTHRACITE DlSTlilCT 149 

quantities of gas in face of \voi-kin<;- places. Tliis frij^litful source of 
accidents in tfee mines, the causes, means of prevention, or plans by 
which their frequent occurrence might be reduced have been so 
exhaustively treated in former annual reports by the several mine 
inspectors, that scarcely anything new can be said about the subject. 

By Blasts and Powder 

There were 3 fatal and 14 serious injuries from explosions of 
blasts and powder. Each accident resulted from inexcusable reck- 
lessness on the part of the victim. Two of the fatal accidents were 
due to the miners going back to the hole too soon, not giving the 
blast time to explode, and the other was due to the victim going to 
a keg of iDOwder with his lighted lamp on his head, a spark falling 
from his lamp into the powder which exploded. 

Another chief cause of such accidents is the miners taking the 
butt end of the drill to drive the cartride in the hole. The drill 
striking fire explodes the cartridge, resulting in fatal -or serious in- 
jury to the victim. Every miner knows this practice of ramming 
cartridges with the butt end of a drill to be extremely dangerous, 
and all will admit it, and yet otherwise careful and intelligent men 
lose their lives every year by clinging to the dangerous practice. 

By Cars Inside 

There w^ere G fatal and 30 non-fatal accidents by cars inside the 
mines during the year. The chief causes of these accidents are as 
follows: 

James Mora, a door-boy at Jermyn No. 1 colliery, was away from 
his post of duty and fell asleep on side of the gangway and on hear- 
ing the trip of cars coming attempted to run ahead to his door, 
and was struck by the trip, indicting injuries from v\'hich he died 
the same day. 

Frank Borack while walking on tail rope line at Jermyn No. 1 col- 
liery, w^as run over by trip of cars and instantly killed. 

Edward Nebraski while sitting on bumper sliding his foot on the 
rail at Old Forge No. 2, fell under a trip of cars and was instantly 
killed. 

Harry Moses, a driver at the Babylon Colliery, was fatally injured 
by being squeezed between car and rib on narrow side of gangway. 

David H. Williams, a company man at the Archbnld mine while 
driving out on a gangway with a truck car jumped on the side of 
the car and was scpieezed between car and rib, reccnving injuries 
from which he died the same night. 

William Deskin, a laborer at the Arclibald mine, while nnmiiig 



150 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

a car off the gangway into his chamber, after his light had gone out, 
was squeezed between car and rib and instantly killed. 

The non-fatal accidents from this cause during the year numbered 
thirty, resulting from being squeezed between cars and between 
cars and ribs. S^everal emploj-es were injured by falling under cars, 
others by spragging cars and riding on bumpers of cars. Drivers 
and runners are the principal sufferers, and in most cases they bring 
the sufl'ering upon themselves. 

By Cars Outside 

There were three fatal and five non-fatal injuries outside the mines 
by cars during the year. 

Wiufield Decker, while trying to stop a runaway team of mules, 
slipped and fell under a truck, receiving injuries from which he 
died the same day. 

John Loyko, a loader at the Pyne mines, was run over by a box 
car under the breaker, receiving injuries from which he died on the 
way to the hospital. 

Oliver Wilson, carpenter at Austin mines, was squeezed between 
cars inflicting injuries from which he died seven days later. 

The five non-fatal accidents were due to the victims being caught 
by cars under the breaker^ by car on the head of breaker, by spragging 
cars, and by falling under railroad cars. With an ever-present and 
l^rudent care some of these accidents might possibly have been 
averted. 

Miscellaneous Causes 

Under this head there were 3 fatal and 19 non-fatal accidents, in 
and about the mines of this district. The loss of life and serious 
injury w^ere almost all purely accidental. Yet, when we examine 
the casualty tables and take into consideration the large number 
therein contained that result from carelessness, it is scarcely to be 
expected that the prudence which should always govern the move- 
ments of the miners will be sufficiently exercised to reduce to any 
great extent this class of accidents. 

Present Condition of Collieries 

While the ventilation and drainage at some mines are not per- 
fect, they have been greatly improved at many of them during the 
past year. However, on the whole they are satisfactorily venti- 
lated and drained, with a few exceptions. There may be some per- 
sons working in local places, in every mine making an opening to- 
wards getting air one way or another who are suffering for the time 
being, but eventually the mines will be well ventilated. 



No. 12. FOITRTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 151 

The Delaware, J.ackawanna and \\'est(>rn Railroad Company's 
mines are kept well in hand. One or two cannot be rated as first 
class, but there is never any trouble with the mines of this company, 
for the men in charge of (hem luive always shown a dieerful readi- 
ness to comply with (he requirements of law. 

The Delaware and Hudson Company's mines have been greatly 
improved. They have only three collieries in my district, which are 
in good condition as far as ventilation and drainage are concerned. 

The collieries of the small companies in the district are in good 
condition as to ventilation and drainage, excepting the following: 
Austin Tunnell, of the Austin Coal Co., Sibley, of Elliott McClure 
and Co., No. 4 tunnel, of Wm. Connell and Co., Wm. A., of the Lehigh 
Valley C©al Co., Jermyn No. 1, of Jermyn and Co. Some of these 
have been improved during the year. 

Burning of the Old Forge Breaker of the Pennsylvania Coal Com- 
pany 

On March 25, 1903, the Old Forge breaker of the Pennsylvania 
Coal Company was completely destroyed by fire. The daily capa- 
city of the old breaker was 1,SU0 tons. A new modern breaker was 
erected again on the same site, with a daily capacity of 2,500 tons. 

The National washery of the North American Coal Company was 
abandoned June 27. 1903. 



-^^r 



(152) 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Fifth Anthracite District 



LUZERNE COUNTY 



Pittston, Pa., February 29, 1904. 
Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I liave the honor to submit my annual report as Inspector of 
Mines for the Fifth Anthracite District for the year ending Decem- 
ber 31, 1903. 

The report gives the statistical information as required by hiw, 
and also a tabulated and brief description of the fatal and non-fatal 
accidents that occurred during the jeav, with other useful informa- 
tion. 

Kespectfulh' submitted, 

H. McDonald, 

I j Inspector. 



(ir,;i) 

li 



154 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Dor. 



Fifth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of m'ues iu district, ; . . 39 

Number of uiiues in operation, 39 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,761,133 

Number of tons shipi)ed to marlcet, 4,4:00,990 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 48,177 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 305,9GG 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 8,169 

Number of persons employed outside, 3,357 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 37 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside,. . 128,679 

Number of persons emploj^ed per fatal accident inside,. . . 221 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 10 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside,. . 336 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 22 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 62 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 88 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident inside, 93 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, IG 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 210 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 1 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, 5 

Number of electric motors used inside, 2 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 46 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 26 

Number of non-gaseons mines in operation, 13 



No. 12. ' FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 155 



TABLE A.— Fifth Aiitliracitc Dislrict, 1!)():'. 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

renn^ylvania Coal Company, 1,845,701 

Lehigli Valley Coal Company 1,l*l'(),!)51 

Delaware and Hudson Company, 520,000 

Hudson Coal Company, 252,578 

Hillside Coal and Iron Company, (US.GGo 

Traders' Coal Company, 108,713 

Avoca Coal Company, Limited, 94,289 

AVilliam Richmond Estate, 35,456 

Clarence Coal Company, 28,690 

Total, 4,761,133 



Production by Counties 
Luzerne, 4,761,133 



156 



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FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



161 



TABLE G.— Fifth Anthracite District, 1903 • ■ 

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1 
1 




1 






1 


1 

1 


1 
1 










5 














3 


July 


1 


1 


1 
1 


"z 


1 
i 






1 






g 




1 


1 




1 


7 


September 








X 


October, 






































1 








3 

7 


1 
1 

6 










5 




2 
9 








1 

4 


3 










4 


Totals 


2 


1 


7 


T 


1 


2 


1 


1 


47 







TABLE H.— Fifth Anthracite District 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 

















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c 












c 












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9. 








9 


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14 
10 
10 




4 








1 






I 




2 


1 




1 


March 






9 


1 




4 








1 




1 




9 








1 






9 












12 
10 
9 
8 
10 


May 


3 








2 


1 




1 




1 


















4 


2 




1 

3 




1 








July 


2 
3 
1 


2 




















5 
1 








2 












3 




2 




















2 




2 
6 
5 

104 




3 

1 

21 










1 

1 

18 


1 


2 
14 










1 
3 








7 


1 
6 








Totals 


2 


1 


13 


1 


le 


1 



ii— 12— 1903 



162 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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165 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



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FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



167 






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EEFORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINE3 



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No. 12. 



FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



169 



saossa.idmoo jiu jo aaqiuriM 



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170 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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No. 12. 



FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



171 



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25,186 




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REPOIIT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Oft. Doc. 









apis^no pire episui ib^oj pu-cjo 



apis^no iBiox 



ssXoiduia aaitjo nv 



SJiaap puB saada9ii-:>iooa; 



(U9UI) saaiioid si'sis 



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173 



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Off I.U 



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175 



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FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT. 



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RErORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. FIFTH ANTHUACITE L. STRICT 185 

KemarlvS on Accidents 

There were 47 fatal and 104 non-fatal accidents in this district 
during the year. 

By referring to Table C it can be seen that 37, or 78.77 per cent, 
of the fatal accidents occurred inside the mines, and 10, or 21.23 per 
cent., on the outside. 

Investigation showed that the majority of these accidents could 
have been avoided if that care which is necessary for the protection 
of life had been used by the victims themselves. It would be super- 
fluous for me to write about the accidents and their causes in this 
district, as so much has been written on this subject by the other 
inspectors who gave their views founded on actual observation and 
investigation. 

The mining of coal is a very hazardous occupation from whatever 
standpoint it may be taken. It requires skill and practice to be- 
come a good miner, one who can guard himself and those who may 
be working with him, from the many dangers that arise while he is 
occupied in the mines. A few of these dangers I shall call parti- 
cular attention to. First, falls of coal and rock, which are the 
cause of the largest per cent, of accidents in the mines. Two-thirds 
of such accidents are due to carelessness on the part of the victims. 

It may be that a prop is necessary to be placed under a bad piece of 
rock which has. become dangerous from a blast just fired, or a piece 
of rock is to be pulled down, as the case may be; or a blast is to be 
fired in the overhanging top coal, which has become unsafe from 
the constant blasting under it. The above are some of the causes 
of the accidents. Now for some of the reasons for not attending to 
the above. I find upon investigating them, in regard to standing 
props, they would be too close to the face and be blown out by 
the blasts. The top coal was not undermined sufficiently to get a 
good blast in it, and the risk is taken to load the car. These are 
some of the excuses given. Is there any wonder that accidents 
occur so frequently? 

Again, the firing of blasts and handling of dynamite. In firing of 
blasts I find from investigation that ver}^ few of them occur if 
the miner has any distance to go to a place of safety, which is gen- 
erally a cross-cut, as the match is not cut and lighted as he takes it 
from his box, which gives him ample time to get away. But how 
different when the place of safety is close at hand. The match in 
my opinion is cut and often so close to the powder that the miner 
is fortunate to get safely away before the blast goes otT. And often 
the miner is seriously injured or killed before he gets turned around 
from lighting the match, by the explosion of the blast. 

Dynamite, \\hich has become so general in use in mining, is an- 

16 



186 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

other source of danger to the miner, principally in the way of hand- 
ling and thawing it, which a number of the miners are in the habit 
of doing, namely, thawing it Avith the blaze of their lamp while they 
hold the stick of dynamite in their hands. There is seldom an es- 
cape from instant death when it explodes under such carelessness. 



By Falls of Coal, Slate and Koof 

Samuel Lomendro, miner laborer, in No. 14 shaft, Pennsylvania 
Coal Company, was instantly killed February 7, at the face of 
breast b}^ being struck on the head by a piece of rider coal while in 
the act of shoveling back coal from the face to his car. 

Andrew Pojdin, miners' laborer, was instantly killed in the Bal- 
timore No. 2 shaft, Delaware and Hudson Company, February 12. 
In my investigation of this accident I found the rock which fell on 
him ^\■as cut olf by slips and could not be seen before the accident. 

Anthony Snegil, miners' laborer, was instaniiy killed in the Henry 
shaft, Lehigh Valley Coal Co., February 2;>, by fall of rock at face of 
breast. His miner, Anthony Withcos, had tried to take this piece 
down by barring it and had failed to do so. The miner was told by 
the adjoining miner to put a prop under it, which he also failed to 
do, and in about one hour afterwards it fell and caught his laborer, 
vvitli the above result. 

John Flannagan, miner, w-as fatally injured February 26, by fall 
of rock in No. 1 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company. While mining 
out on top of the bottom bench of coal a large piece of rock became 
loosened from his mining and fell on him, injuring him so that he 
died after being taken to his home. 

Edward Loftus, Miner, in Baltimore tunnel, Delaware and Hud- 
son Company, was fatally injured March 11, and died same day. 
Loftus had fired a blast in the mining bench and after returning to 
the face of his breast and examining the same, a large piece of rock, 
Avhich become loosened by the blast, fell on him. 

Vetal Kransiki, miners' laborer, in the Baltimore tunnel, Dela- 
ware and Hudson Company, was instantly killed March 21, by a fall 
of top coal. The miner, Charles Smith, had fired a blast in the 
top coal, which failed to bring all down. The miner cautioned his 
laborer not to go under the top coal as he would fire another blast 
in it and bring it down. While the miner w^ent for his drill the 
laborer started to shovel coal from under it and was killed. 

Anthony Mortitus, miners' laborer, was fatally injured May 1, in 
No. 14 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company, and died same evening 
at the Pittston hospital. He was laboring for his brother. They 
were told to take this piece of rock down by the adjoining miner. 



No. 12. FIFTH ANTHRACITE DlSTIilCT 187 

John Mildieii, but paid no aUi'iilion to him, tiiinl^in^- it ^^•o^ld stay 
up nnlil they got the coal out Ironi under it. 

Daniel Davis, ininei-, was fatally injured July 18, in iS'o. 1 shaft, 
Pennsylvania Coal Company, and died same evening, after being 
taken to his home. While mining out some loose coal under the top 
bench in his bi'east a large piece of the to]) coal fell on him. 

Joseph Novitiskie, car runnei", was instantly killed by a fall of 
roof rock July 21, lUt)o, in No. 11 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Co. He 
was running a loaded car out of a breast and when close to the 
gangway road the car jumped the track, knocking out a prop which 
Avas three feet from the track he was running (lie car on. lie then 
sent the driver into the gangway to bring out a car and he sat down 
at the prop which was knocked out to v.ait for the driver. The 
rock fell on him and came very near falling on the driver. 

John Lisowski, miner, was fatally injured August G by a fall of 
rock at tlie face of his breast and died August 9. The accident oc- 
curerd in No. 11 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company. The rock wliii h 
fell on him was what is called a bell. A prop had been placed very 
close to this rock, showing that tlie miner had failed to have de- 
tected the nature of it, as the slips around it could not be seen unlil 
it fell. 

Hem-}' Peterman, miner, was instantly killed August T by a fall of 
rock at the face of his breast, in Coal Brook slope, Lehigh ^'alley 
Coal Company. As John Williams, the mine boss, was making his 
rounds through the working faces he came to the above miner's 
breast and found him and his laborer working under a very bad roof. 
He ordered them both out and told them not to load any more coal 
in the car until thej took the rock doAvn and secured the place. 
They came out, giving him to understand they would comply with 
his orders. After the boss had gone they Aveut back to finish load- 
ing the car and told the runner, who was standing close by, that the 
boss must think they were fools to take the rock down, for as soon 
as the car was loaded they Avould quit the place. But before the 
car was loaded the rock fell on them, killing the miner and se- 
riously injuring the laborer. 

Martin Walsh, laborer, was instantly killed in No. 4 shaft, Penn- 
syh'ania Coal Company, August 20, by a fall of rock at face of his 
breast. Walsh's miner, Thomas Gerrity, had a hole drilled in the 
black rock to fire down. Walsh told him he should not do it, as he 
wanted to finish loading his car first, and while they Avere finishing 
the car the rock fell. 

Joseph Colo, laborer, was instantly killed in No. 7 shaft, Pennsyl- 
A'ania Coal Company, August 24, by a large piece of rock falling from 
the roof in the shape of a saddle back. The rock running to a 
feather edge all around it. Could not be detected unlil it fell. 



188 REPORT 01 THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

John Shedlock, miner, was instantly killed November 30, in the 
Heidelburg No. 2 shaft, Lehigh Valley Coal Company. Shedlock 
was driving the gangway and had fired a blast in the face and after 
returning to examine what it had done a large piece of rock which 
had been liberated by the blast fell from the roof on him. 

By Mine Cars 

Anthony Telershaski, driver, was fatally injured January 29, in 
No. 5 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company, while driving a trip of 
loaded cars along the gangway road and going to bump them up 
against others which were in front of him, his mule turned out. on 
the contrary side to what the driver expected, and he was caught 
between the car and mule. 

James Conyngham, driver, was killed March 23, in Pine Kidge 
shaft, Hudson Coal Company. This boy went up in a breast to run 
a loaded car out and told the miner to pull the blocks. The car did 
not run as freely as was expected so the boy went down the breast 
to sprag off and in doing so was following the car along the side 
when he was caught by a prop which stood close to the track. 

Timothy Ford, miner was instantly killed May 8, by a runaway 
trip of cars on the inside slope No. 14 tunnel, Pennsylvania Coal Co. 
Ford had come out to the foot to go home and was standing on the 
branch with some other men when they heard the cars coming back. 
Ford made to cross the slope and was caught by the car as the man- 
way was on the opposite side of slope. He was told not to go by 
the men. 

George Langdon, miner, was fatally injured June 24, by a loaded 
car being run doAvn his breast by the runner, in the Baltimore No. 
3, Delaware and Hudson Company. Langdon had gone to the ad- 
joining breast on some business and returning came through the 
cross-cut into his own breast and stepped on the track as the cat 
was coming. It struck him, knocking him down, injuring him that 
he died next day. 

Ferdinand Theil, company laborer, was killed July -27, in Ridge- 
wood slope, Traders' Coal Company. Theil went to drive in a boy's 
place who did not come to work, and while coming out the gang- 
way sitting on the bumper of the car he tried to unhitch the stretcher 
from the car and fell on the track and was run over by the car. 

William Llewellyn, timberman, was fatally injured July 10, in the 
mineral Spring slope, Lehigh Valley Coal Company, while driving 
in his brother's place while he went for his pay, and taking an empty 
trip of cars in the gangway. He was standing on the bumper of the 
head car when the stretcher caught in a latch, causing the mule to 
stop suddenly. The car forced him against the rear end of the 



No. 12. FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 189 

mule causing a rupture of some of liis intestines, lie died next 
day. 

Matthew Riplca, runner, was fatally injured December 2, in the 
Hoyte shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company. While waiting for empty 
cars, he went out along the gangway road and met the motor 
coming with a trip of empty cars. He tried to get on the front end 
and fell, the motor squeezing him. lie died next day. 

By Gas 

"William Moaks, miner, was fatally burned by an explosion of gas 
in No. 14 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company, May 21, and died May 
26. He was employed in cleaning up the rock and refuse and taking 
up the bottom coal in a place driven for a plane. After working 
for an hour or so he started to explore the old workings with his 
open light and came in contact with a small amount of gas on top 
of a fall, which he ignited with his lamp, burning himself so that 
he died in the hospital. What took him away from his place of 
work he refused to say. 

George Selfrick, miner, was fatally burned by gas in No; 14 shaft, 
Pennsylvania Coal Company, August 4. Pie asked the fire boss the 
condition of his breast and was told there uas gas in it, and not to 
go near it until the brattice men put up a length of brattice for him. 
He went into the gangway and stopped at tbe foot of the breast tor a 
short time and then went up above the top cross-cut and ignited 
the gas. 

Robert Walker, driver, was fatally injured by an explosion of 
gas in No. 14 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company, December 3, and 
died after being taken to his home. The fire boss, the boy's father, 
had made his examination and found about one foot of gas up in a 
breast the second from the gangway face, and placed rails across 
the place and wrote ^'Danger — Gas — Keep Out" on them. The mine 
not working that day and having empty cars the gangway was at 
work. The fire boss had gone for help to put up brattice to remove 
the gas, when the laborer Andrew Broniovitch crossed over the 
rails and went up in the breast igniting the gas with his open light. 
The concussion threw the driver off the car against the rib, killing 
him. 

By Powder and Dynamite 

Harry Korrilla, miner, killed December 2, in No. shaft, Pennsyl- 
vania Coal Company. While at his box going to make up powder to 
fire a blast, using dynamite, he took his lamp to thaw it and holding 
the stick of dynamite over the blaze, it exploded, injuring him so 
badly that he died same evening. 



130 REIPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 0;f. Doc. 

By Blasts, Etc. 

Joseph Jack, miner, was fatally injured June 11, in tlie Prospect 
shaft, Leliigli Valley Coal Company, by a blast he Avas firing in his 
breast. He had ignited the match and retired to a place of safety, 
and after Avaiting the time he thought necessary he went back. 
When he got close to it the hole exploded. He died same day. 

John Roth, miner, killed July 7. in No. 9 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal 
Company. He had prepared his hole for firing and cut his match 
too short, not giving himself time to get to a place of safety before 
it exploded. 

Charles Tere^ock, miner, instantly killed July 13, in Chapman 
shaft, Hillside Coal and Iron Company. While driving a cross-cut 
through the pillar he prepared a blast in it and got to a place of 
safety, and after waiting a sufficient time, as he thought, for it to go 
off, he returned and as he got to the opening of cross-cut it exploded, 
killing him. 

John Zeder, miner, killed August 22, in the Henry shaft, Lehigh 
Valley Coal Company, while firing a blast in his breast he cut his 
match so short that he only got a few feet from the mouth of the 
hole when it exploded on him. 

Michael Pechuck. miner, killed September 3, in the Ridgewood 
slope. Traders' Coal Company. Wliile firing a blast and before he 
got to a place of safety, he was struck by the flying coal. Whore he 
was found went to prove that he must have cut his matcli too short. 

Michael McGinty, driver, was instantly killed November 6 by a 
blast of six holes in the rock tunnel No. 11 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal 
Company. This driver came down the shaft about 9 P. M. to drive 
the cars of rock out of the tunnel after the rounds of shots had been 
fired. The chargeman and his helper were the only persons working 
in the tunnel, as the holes had been drilled on the morning shift. 
McGinty had gone in from the foot of shaft and passed the entrance 
to the tunnel as the chargeman and his helper were making the 
connections on the wires. They did not see him or know he had 
come down the shaft and would have to pass them at the firing 
station, which was on the gangway out from mouth of tunnel about 
150 feet. They fired the six holes and in going back into the tunnel, 
which was over three hundred feet in, they found the boy dead, 
struck by the flying rock in the tunnel, about two hundred and fifty 
feet from the opening. 

Polo Grazie, miner, and Joseph Rnss, laborer, were killed Novem- 
ber 25 in the Clarence slope, Clarence Coal Company, by a rock 
blast while in the act of tamping the same. They had drilled a 
hole in the top rock and charged it with four sticks of dynamite and 
had one round of (aiHj>iiig on the ]>ovvder when it exploded, instantly 



No. 12. FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 191 

killing' llie iniiu'i*, Kiiss livin<;- until iiij;li(. In ni.v inv(*s(i,i;iiti«)n of 
tliis ac-eidont I failed to And any copper tamping Isar or a stick, so I 
am of tlie oi)inion tlicy used an iron tamping' bar. 

Falling Down Shafts, Slopos, Elc. 

Joseph Yesmont, laborer, was instantly killed Febr\iary 1!), by 
falling down No. 8 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal Company. This laborer, 
with two other laborei'S, came out to the JMarey vein foot to go home. 
As it was late the engineer was out attending to the fan when 
they rang the bell to be hoisted, and not getting a cage when they 
rung for it, Yesmont told the other two he w^ould go to the other 
shaft and get up. They advised him not to go, as they would get 
a cage soon, but he went. He must have opened the gates and in 
reaching for the bell wire fallen into the shaft, as his body was 
taken out of the sump at the Red Ash vein next morning. The 
gates were closed as the Marcy vein in this shaft which lu^ fell from 
is not in use. 

Miscellaneous Causes, Inside 

Thomas Martin, shaft footman, in Ko. 6 shaft, Pennsylvania Coal 
Company, was fatally injured January 10 by a \Aece of ice falling 
down the shaft and striking him on the head while he was leaning 
over the shaft opening and calling down to the footman at the Red 
Ash vein. Martin got off the cage at the Marcy vein, while the 
other footman continued down to the Red Ash. Martin died the 
same evening. 

Michael Ignatez, runner in Midvale slope, Lehigh Valley Coal 
Company, was instantly killed May 6 by a set of double timber 
knocked out of place on the passing branch, and the collar striking 
him on the head. While running a trip of empty cars w'hicli had 
a few T iron rails on them to the branch on a grade of 2 per cent., 
one of the rails was jarred over the side of car and caught the timber, 
knocking it out from under the collar, which fell on him as he was 
in the act of spragging the cars. . 

George Peters, driver, in Baltimore No. 2 shaft, Delaware and 
Hudson Company, was instantly killed August 14, by being caught 
between an empty mine car and side of shaft by the Engineer hoist- 
ing before he got the bell to do so. Peters was in the act of taking 
the empty car off when he was caught. 

By Cars, Outside 

Edward Sheriden, track layer, was fatally injured February lo. 
at the Henry colliery, Lehigh Valley Coal Comi»any. While laying 



192 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off Doc. 

a track ou the outside to branch condemned coal from the mines on, 
the locomotive came with a trip of empty mine cars and was shoving 
them onto the branch at the head of shaft close to where Sheriden 
was at work. Seeing the trip coming he went to take his tools off 
the track and was struck by the cars. He died February 15. 

John Semock, company laborer, was killed March 2, at the Henry 
washery, Lehigh Valley Coal Company. While Semock and two 
other men were unloading coal from a railroad car into wagons 
below the washery, Joseph Evans, the car runner, was running a 
large gondola down on the branch where the men were unloading 
the car. They saw the car coming and thinking the cars were going 
to bump very hard began climbing over the side. Semock went over 
the front end of car and was knocked off when the cars bumped. 
The car he was unloading ran over him. The men should have 
stayed in the car as there was no danger to them there. 

Cartie Monahan, culm loader, was killed April 23, at the Ewen 
breaker, Pennsylvania Coal Company. The locomotive engineer, 
Wm. Smith, had three empty culm cars in the trip, which he pulled 
up above the chute, as was the custom, and Monaghan got on the 
front end of the cars to drop them under the chute to load them. In 
some manner he fell off the car, which passed over his body, instantly 
killing him. 

Lewis Sebast, car loader, was killed June 16, above the Consoli- 
dated breaker, Hillside Coal and Iron Company. He and George 
Smith, the other car loader, went up on the empty branch above the 
breaker to drop two large gondolas down to load them under the 
breaker. Sebast took the first car and started it out, when it 
stopped about twenty feet from the others. Sebast called to Smith 
to come with his car and give him a bump and start the car out. 
Smith did so and started the car out. Sebast was on the front end 
of car attending the brake and was knocked off the car, which ran 
over him. 

John C. Mills, company laborer, was fatally injured July 27, while 
crossing the culm car track at the Baltimore No. 5 breaker, Dela- 
ware and Hudson Company. Just at quitting time in the evening, 
Mills started from the breaker enginehouse to go home, and to take 
a short cut went to cross the culm car track, which passes close to 
engine house. The culm cars run by gravity from the plane to the 
culm pockets to be loaded, and Mills being dull in hearing, stepped 
on the track and was struck by the cars. He died after being con- 
veyed to his home. 

Anonia Ginsppe, company laborer, was killed by being run over 
by a gondola railroad car close to breaker, November 30, Prospect 
breaker, Lehigh Valley Coal Company. Ginsppe was in the act of 
cleaning out the culm from a trough and track at the lower end of 



No. 12. FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 193 

the breaker and was told to look out for the ears. Stephen Wasico 
while running a large steel ear loaded from under the chutes, and 
on the rear end of car, failed to see Ginsppe, who was struck by the 
car and killed. Ginsppe had been employed at this job for ten 
weeks before the accident. 

By Machinery 

Nicholas Beonka, plateman, killed May 29, in the Heidelburg No, 
2 breaker, Lehigh Valley Coal Company. Beonka went down from 
the plater where he was at work to push the coal off the bars over 
the merchant rolls which had stuck on them. It was not necessary 
for him to get close to the rolls, as they were situated three feet 
below the top of the fence, w'hich was built around them. He had 
no occasion to get over the fence to start the coal on the bars, but 
he must have done so to be caught as he was. In my investigation 
of this accident I found tlie rolls as safely protected as could possibly 
be. What caused him to climb over the fence I cannot say or 
imagine. 

By Suffocation 

Matthew Ganridge, slate i>icker, smothered in culm pocket, De- 
cember 4, in the Pine Eidge breaker, Hudson Coal Company. How 
this boy came in the chute is a mystery, as no person saW' him go 
down. About fifteen minutes before his body came through the 
gate as the loaders were drawing the culm into a car, the boy came 
down to the loader and told him that the chute was blocked and to 
draw the culm. There is no occasion for any person to get into 
the chute, and it is impossible to fall into it, as all the openings to 
the culm pocket is the chute from the platform, w^hich is 5x10 inches, 
and a trap door which had not been opened, as it was found shut 
after the boy was found. How the boy got into the chute or 
pocket no person appeared to know. 

By Boiler Explosions 
Malichi Cavanaugh, fireman, was killed July IG, at the Avoca col- 
liery, Avoca Coal Cimpany, Limited, by the explosion of one of the 
eight boilers in the fire room. There were two flue and six cylinder 
boilers that generated steam for the colliery. Just as the colliery 
was about to start work the explosion occurred by one of the flue 
boilers exploding. I immediately went f.nd investigated the cause 
and found that the explosion was caused by Cavanaugh. the fireman, 
turning the water into a dry boiler, as the feed valve to this boiler 
was found open and he was found close to the valve. The explosion 
was a terrific one as six feet of the front portion of the boiler was 
driven over six hundred feet away. The other boilers were more 
or less disturbed on their foundations. 
13_12— 1903 



194 ■T'.EPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Miscellaneous Causes, Outside 

William Neimeyer, Carpenter, employed by the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Company, in the erection of their new breaker at the Mineral 
Spring colliery, was instantly killed January 2 by a plank falling 
from the top of breaker and striking him on the head while he was 
at work on the ground. The loftsmen were moving the gin or hoist- 
ing pole on top of breaker when one of the guy ropes caught under a 
plank wliich was lying from one bent to another, causing it to fall. 

Condition of the Collieries 

The collieries of this district are comprised of 22 breakers with 
3i) separate openings. The distance ai)art of the extreme ones is 
cbout twelve miles. They are in fairly good condition, with the 
exception of two, which were not as they should be at the time of 
my last visit, but I suppose they are now in better condition, as they 
liave notified me to that effect. Some of the above openings have 
miles of gangwaj^s and breast roads to be traveled. Two-thirds of 
these openings give off explosive gas, requiring a large volume of 
fresh air to keep the workings in a healthful condition. There is a 
constant watch kept on the ventilation current by the fire bosse*s or 
assistant mine foremen, whose duty it is to make a careful examina- 
tion of the working faces' in the morning before the workmen enter. 
The collieries are all well supplied with ventilating fans of the 
Cuibal type, which furnish the necessary air. The roads are in 
fairly good condition, kept free from standing water and debris, with 
anij)le room on one or both sides of the track so that cars can be 
passed while in motion. The collieries are all supplied with a hos- 
pital inside the mines, with a full supply of whatever is necessary 
to relieve the injured, as the law requires. In my opinion the place 
for the hospital should be on the surface close to the mine opening, 
as the injured person wants to be taken out as soon as possible. 

Improvements by the Lehigh Valley Coal Company 

The new breaker at Mineral Spring colliery of the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Compan}', of which I made mention in my last report, has 
been completed, and began operations March 16, 1903. A new shaft 
for hoisting coal and another shaft for second opening was sunk 
from the surface to Red Ash vein, a distance of 430 feet. The 
shafts have been connected in the above seam. A Scranton Com- 
jiound Duplex pump, 32x36x12x30 inch, with a 12-inch column, was 
installed in the Old Baltimore slope of the above colliery, which 
will supply Avash water to the breaker. A complete installation of 
1.000 horse power Eabcock and Wolcock boilers- was made in a 
new brick building erected for them. A pair of new engines was 



No. 12. FIFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 195 

placed at the bead of slope to hoist the coal to breaker. Likewise 
ii pail- of eugiiies was erected at the head of Coal Brook slope to 
hoist the coal. 

At the Prospect IShaft a brick addition to the boiler house was 
made enclosing a 250 horse power li. «Jc \V. boiler. A new brick 
engine house has been completed. In the Midvale slope on differ- 
ent levels. Three rock tunnels were driven from the ilillman to 
Brookley veins, which will be used for the transportation of coal. 

in the Hillman slope a rock tunnel was driven from the Hillman 
to the Jiowkley veins. 

At the Henry colliery the hoisting shaft was extended from the 
Baltimore to Skidmore veins, xi rock tunnel was driven through 
an overlap to the five-foot, 220 feet. The second opening tunnel is 
being driven at present. 

The two new shafts begun in 1902, were sunk to Eed Ash vein, a 
distance of 675 feet from the surface. A brick engine house 34x72 
feet was erected for the hoisting engines of these shafts. 

The Wyoming shaft, the old wood cribbing from the surface to 
the rock, was replaced by concrete, which makes a good job at this 
shaft. 

At the Heidelburg Xo. 1 slope a new^ rock plane, 18 degree pitch, 
was driven from the lower split to the upper split of Red Ash vein, 
a distance of 212 feet. The second oi)ening was driven on a 30 
degree pitch. A rock slope is being sun); from the Marcy to Clark 
vein, also a second opening shaft for same. 

A new 12-foot diameter ventilating fan was erected. A new brick 
boiler house was built, enclosing a 450 horse power return tubular 
boiler. Dispensing with the old boiler plant. 

Improvements by the Delaware and Hudson Company 

At the Baltimore tunnel the General Electric Company has in- 
stalled an electrical haulage which handles all the coal from the 
Red Ash vein to the month of tunnel, doing away with the use of a 
rope haulage plant and hoisting phmt at No. 4 shaft. The Stanton 
vein slope has been extended 2.j0 feet. A new breaker is in course 
of erection to ]>repare the coal w liicli is now taken to No. 5 breaker 
for preparation. 

Improvements by the Hudson Coal Company 

A new bi-caker has been completed at Bine Ridge with a new steel 
head frame erected over the shaft. The foot of the shaft has been 
remodeled by brick arching and a chain hoist put in for handling the 
empty cars. To accomplish all of the above Avork at the foot of 



196 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

shaft three rock tunnels were driven a total of 357 feet. Likewise a 
rock tunnel was driven from checker to Boss vein, a distance of 246 
feet. 

At the Laflin colliery the No. 4 slope was sunk 500 feet. The No. 
S Eock slope was driven from the Marcy lo Ked Ash vein, a distance 
of 321 feet. New hoisting engines have been placed in position to 
hoist the coal from the above slopes. 

Improvements by the Clarence Coal Company 

A new breaker was built with a capacity of 500 tons per day. It 
went into active operation May 1, 1903. 

A new fan of the Guibal pattern, 12 feet in diameter, was erected 
on the return air shaft to furnish ventilation for the inside workings. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The examination of applicants for certificates of qualification for 
mine foremen and assistant mine foremen was held in this district on 
the 9th and 10th of September, 1903, at Pittston, Pa. The board of 
examiners was H. McDonald, Mine Inspector; J. L. Cake, Supt., and 
John J. Morahan and David P. Williams, miners. 

The following twenty-one applicants for mine toremen were recom- 
mended to the Chief of the Department of Mines for certificates : 

Mine Foremen 

John J. Hobao, Michael Gilroy, Michael Healey, Hamlet Corrigan, 
Peter Parry, Wm. J. Williams, Eoland F. Jones and John S. Camp- 
bell, of Avoca^ Pa., Frank Hanahoe and George Bradley, Michael Mad- 
den, Eichard Harris and George Eovran, of Pittston, Pa., James Pol- 
lard, Henry North'off and John P. Daley, of Luzerne, Pa., Morgan 
E. Griffiths, of Taylor, Pa., Thomas Niunis, of Duryea, Pa., Maurice 
Finn, Parsons, Pa., Michael S. Martin, Port Gritlith, Pa., and James 
H. Gibbons, Hudson, Pa. 

Twenty applicant's for assistant mine foremen's certificates were 
recommended. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

Gwilym Evans, Caleb Jones, William Coleman, John Noonan, West 
Pittston, Patrick Walsh, Alfred M. Hefferan, John King, James 
Weston, Pittston, Charles Cottel, Edward F. Eeilley, Avoca, Joseph 
Chynoweth, John J. Martin, Port Griffith, August Zitterman, Michael 
J. Brady, Luzerne, Daniel E. Edmunds, Parsons, David J. Thomas, 
Plains, Thomas Sheehan, Thomas Eeidy, Wyoming, Thomas Hooper, 
Maltby, Thomas McNamara, Miners Mills. 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. J2. 



Sixth Anthracite District 



LUZKRNE AND SULLIVAN COUNTIES 



Kingston, Pa., March 1, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor of transmitting herewith my iirst annual 
report as Inspector of Mines for the Sixth Anthracite District for 
the year ending December 31, 1903. 

The statistical information regarding production, employes, ac- 
cidents, etc., is given in detail as required by law, together with 
a few remarks on the competency of miners, the condition of the 
mines, and causes of accidents. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. M. BOYLE, 

Inspector. 



(197) 



REPORT or THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Oit. Doo. 



Sixth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

iMuiiibcr of mines in district, 4:0 

Number of mines in operation, 40 

Number of tons of eoal produced, 4,549,970 

Number of tons shipped to market, 4,130,797 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 91,947 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 321,220 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 7,359 

Number of persons employed outside, 3^029 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 42 

Number of tons proiluced for each fatal accident inside, 108,333 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside,. . 175 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 4 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 757 

Number of wives made widows by fatal acciJents, 24 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 36 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 69 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 107 

Number of non-fatal accidents outsid<\ 12 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident 

outside, 252 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, . 1 

Number of electric motors used inside 10 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 38 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 26 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation 14 

Number of nev/ mines opened, 1 

Number of old mines abandoned, 1 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 199 



TABLE A.— KSixth Aiitlirafite Distiit-J, li)0:5 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

Lehigh \' alley Coal Company, 1,1U!J,;J4:(> 

Pennsylvania Coal Conii)auy, GiO,4:U7 

Temple lion Company, ; (JI)U,l)o9 

Kingston Coal Company, -ir)l,7()5 

lielaware, Lackawanna and ^WsteI•n Kailioad Company, 28U,l:i-i 

Clear spring Coal Company, 2;J4:,01U 

Stevens Coal Company, . 184,053 

L'aub Coal Company, 151,017 

People's Bank, Keceiver (Blaek Diamond), 141,81)2 

Delaware and Hudson Company 105,051 

Kobertson and Law, -. . 1)1,81)0 

Wyoming Coal and Land Company 88,007 

Connell Anthracite Mining Company, 120,475 

Noi'thern Anthracite Coal Company, 74,71)0 

W. G. Payne and Company, 01),31)7 

W. B. Gunton, 00,787 

Warnke Coal Company, 107,050 

Total, 4,549,970 

Production b}' Counties 

Luzerne, 4,287,908 

Sullivan, 202,002 

Total, 4,549,970 



20O 



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SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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No. 12. 



SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



205 



TABLE G.— Sixth Anthracite District 190:; 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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TABLE H.- Sixth Anthracite District, 1903 , 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 

















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SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



21-; 



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218 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Oil'. Doc. 



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SIXTH AXTHIIACITE DISTRICT 



219 



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220 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc 



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SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



221 



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RFPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doo. 



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SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



223 



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228 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINE'S Off. Dec. 

Fatal Accidents by Falls of Coal, folate ami Kool' 

Of the 42 fatal accidents inside, 22 were caused by falls of roof, 
coal, slate, or rock, a percentage of 52.38. This is outside of all 
reason, and I might say that nearly all of the accidents were caused 
through neglect or ignorance, or both, on the part of the men them- 
selves. We have a certain class who are working in the capacity 
of miners who are not fit to labor. I very frequently find men work- 
ing a chamber who cannot tell me their names, yet they are miners 
because they hold certificates as such. Among the non-English 
speaking class, just as soon as they get over the first scare and be- 
come a little acquainted with the mines, they want certificates as 
miners, and before the ink is dried on their certificate they will go 
to the boss for a chamber. Kow while the certificates entitle them 
to mine coal, they certainly do not make them competent miners. 
The foremen know this as w^ell, and better than anybody else, and 
while they are not held responsible for the competency and qualifi- 
cation of the men who hold certificates, they should exercise better 
Judgm,ent than to employ them to mine coal. I have spoken to some 
foremen on this question and they said they could not get good, care- 
ful and experienced miners to work in some veins as the coal was too 
hard. I would suggest that the boards of examiners demand better 
proof as to the length of time that candidates served in the mines 
as laborers before issuing certificates to them, because unless there 
is a very decided improvement made in this line, we will always 
have accidents through carelessness or incompetency. Now that 
the examining boards have it in their power we hope to see better 
results, and be able, when making out the report of 1904, to point 
with pride to the fact that the qualifications of miners have been 
raised to a higher standard. 

Peter Stoddard, age 40 years, Polish, miner, was killed at 
the Exeter colliery shaft No. 1, Checker vein, January 10, 1903. 
He was working in the checker vein driving through the pillars, for 
a new haulage road. He broke through into an old chamber, and 
was' in the act of working out some loose coal in the bottom, when 
without any warning a piece of rock fell on him killing him in- 
stantly. He was considered a very careful man and the accident 
was not due to carelessness. 

George Wasaclais, age 23 years, Polish, laborer, was in- 
sta'ntly killed February 4, 1903, b.v a fall of fire clay at the Clear 
Spring colliery. The miner was driving a cross cut between the 
gangway and the air-way. Wasaclais was loading a car of coal, when 
a portion of the roof gave way falling on him, causing instant 
death. The miner who was drilling a hole in the face of the breast 
at the time, claims that the prop which sustained this loose piece 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 229 

gave uway, because oue end of the piece wiis much lieavier thau 
the other, and that was the cause of disphicing' the prop. 

Francisco Corsinco, age 18 years, Italian, laborer, was in 
stantly killed March 23, at the Exeter colliery in the Pittston vein 
by a fall of rider coal. This man worked for Lonbardo Urbosta as 
a laborer and while loading a car of coal, a piece of the rider .coal 
fell on him killing him instantly. This rider coal is about eight 
inches tliick and should be taken down before going under it so far, 
which was neglected by the miner. 

Joseph I'errello, age 35 years, Italian, miiicr, Avas instantly killed 
at the Maltb}' colliei-y on March 25, i;)();>, by a piece of top rock. 
Perreilo and his laborer were barring down a piece of loose rock 
when the [)iece fell on the car they were standing on. Perreilo 
jumped back when another piece fell striking him on the head and 
crushing his skull. 

Adam Tonelia, age 40 years, Lithuanian, miner, was fa- 
tally injured April 14, 1903, at Kingston No. 4, by a fall of coal 
in breast No. 266, on Williams west Ross slope. He told the laborer 
to stop awiiile until he barred down a piece of loose top coal that 
was hanging. He stood on top of a piece of coal to raise himself 
higher so that he could better reach it with the drill. He put the 
point of the drill over to pull it down when his footing gave way, 
and he fell toward the face of the breast just as the piece was fall- 
ing. It struck him on the head fracturing his skull, and he died that 
night at the Wilkes-Barre City Hospital. 

John Hornick, age 38 j^ears, Hungarian, laborer, was instantly 
killed on April 20, 1903, at the Griffith colliery, Wyoming Coal and 
liand Company), by a fall of rider coal in the six foot vein. He 
was barring out a piece of loose coal from under the rider, when it» 
fell on him killing him instantly. He went under this piece against 
the orders of his miner who told him of the danger and warned him to 
keep away. 

Charles Elton^ age 60 years, English, miner, was instantly 
killed :May 5, 1903, at the Louise colliery (Raub Coal Com- 
pany) by a fall of coal. He was employed as a miner robbing 
pillars in the No. 8 lift of the Ross vein. He was shoveling coal back 
to help his laborer load the car, when a piece of coal gave way and 
fell on him without any warning. He Avas considered one of the 
most practical and experienced miners in the colliery. 

Mick Lavick, age 38 years. Slavish, laborer, was lahtlly 
injui'ed Mi\y 1!>, 1903, at the Hai-ry E. colliery (Tcmph^ Iron Coni- 
])any). He was shoveling coal from the east side of the breast to- 
ward the road when a ])iece of coal fell on him causing a fracture 
of the left leg, and a severe contusion of the back. He was con- 



23* REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

veyed to the Wilkes-Barre Hospital where he died from his injuries 
on May 23, 1903. 

Charles Coleman, age 2G years, American, laborer, was in- 
stantly killed May 29, 1903, at the Exeter Bed Ash (L. V. Coal Co.). 
This man worked in the gangway for Chas. Babola, miner No, 21G, 
who fired a blast in the face of the gangway and as soon as the blast 
went off, Coleman went to the face and started to pick out loose 
coal, when some of the top coal became loosened falling on him with 
the above results. His miner warned him not to go in, but to wait a 
few moments for the place to settle. He paid no attention to the 
w^arning as he was in a hurry to load the car so he could go home. 

John Powell, age 42 years, Austrian, miner, was fatally 
injured June 11, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal Co.) by a fall 
of middle rock. He was preparing to fire a blast in his breast No. 
847, when a piece of middle rock fell without any warning on him, 
breaking his back. He was removed to the Pittston Hospital where 
he died June 12, 1903. He was considered a very careful miner. 

John Daley, age 24 years, American, runner^ was instantly 
killed July 11, 1903, at the Barnum No. 2 shaft (Penna. Coal 
Co.). He went into Fredericks place on east counter, Marcy vein to 
run out a loader car. The laborer was not quite through loading the 
car, so Daley sat down on a rail that the miners used for a platform 
waiting for the car. The driver^ Wm. Collier sat near him looking at 
the miner drilling a hole, when without any indication the roof fell 
across the whole width of the gangway, catching Daley before he 
could get away, killing him instantly. 

Stanley Vitoskey, age 26 years, Lithuanian, laborer, was fatally 
injured July 22, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal Co.) by a 
J-dU of rock. The miner was starting a new chamber in the checker 
vein and was drilling a hole, when he (Vitoskey) went to pick the 
corner of the pillar. He gave only a few blows when the piece of 
rock fell on him injuring him so badly about the back and hips that 
he died at the Pittston Hospital, August 23, 1903. 

Anthony Pendergast, age 71 years, Irish, miner, was fa- 
tally injured July 27, 1903, at the Lykens colliery (W. B. Gunton). 
He was employed robbing pillars. He was firing a blast in the 
pillar, and w^as preparing to drill another hole, and went to bar out 
some loose coal from under the top coal. He stood in front of where 
the top coal was undermined and began to pick out the loose coal. 
The top had a crack running through which the old man did not 
notice, when a portion of it suddenly fell on him. At first it was 
thought his injuries were only slight but he was hurt internally 
and died in about five hours after the accident. His advanced age 
no doubt was against him. Had he stood to one side or tlie other 
while barring he would have escaped the fall. This should be a 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 231 

warning to others. Never stand in a iiosition where the root' is anv 
way dangerous, always make sure tliat it is safe before commencing 
to worlc out loose coal with either a pick or a bar. 

Anthony Musta, age 48 years, Italian^ miner, was instantly 
killed July 29, 1003, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal Co.) by a 
fall of tox> coal. lie was working in the face of his chamber when 
a slip of top coal fell on him, killing him instantly, 

Patrick Foley, age GO years, Irish, miner, was fatally in- 
jured on August 10, 1903, at the Bernice colliery (Connell Anth. 
Mining Co.) by a fall of rock. He was employed robbing pillars and 
was undermining the coal when a piece of top rock fell on him, in- 
juring him so badly that he died in four days after the accident. 

Peter Szefczyk, age 21 years, Polish, laborer, was instantly 
killed September 12, 1903, at the East Boston colliery (W. (i. 
Payne & Co.) in the Ross vein. He was loading a car in the gang- 
way, when a piece of top rock fell on him without any warning, 
crushing him almost beyond recognition. 

Geo. Taylor, age 37 years, American, timberinan, was in- 
stantly killed October 3, 1903, at the Forty Fort colliery (Temple 
Iron Co.) by a fall of rock. He was standing timbers under a bad 
roof at the foot of the eleven foot slope. Two other men were en- 
gaged in helping him at this .voi k. They fired a hole in the top so as 
to make more height before putting up the collar. The shot did not 
take enough of it down and left the roof in such a dangerous con- 
dition that they were afraid to do any barring, so they decided to 
place a stick of dynamite on top of a loose piece that was opened 
from the roof. Taylor went to get the dynamite from the box and 
lost his light, and in coming back he apparently struck the prop 
that was partly holding this dangerous portion of the roof when it 
fell on him, killing him instantly. 

Stanley Genosky, age 38 years, Russian, timbernian, was 
instantly killed October 6, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. Y. 
Coal Co.), while engaged with Enoch Francis and Ben Ostrander, in 
standing props in the Red Ash vein around a pump house between 
station No. 862 and No. 750. Genosky and Ostrander were sinking 
hitches for two props at the same time within about five feet of each 
other, and were fully aware of the dangerous condition of the 
place. Francis who was the leader of the gang went back a short 
distance to pull off his shoe as a nail was hurting his foot. He 
was just sitting down when a large piece of coal fell on his two 
helpers, killing Genosky outright, and injuring Ostrander so badly 
that he died that same evening. The nature of this accident should 
be a warning to others, not to go under a dangerous roof without pi'o- 
tecting themselves, first by standing a few tempornry ])rops to se- 
piire safely, before standing the permanent props. 



232 llEPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Benj. Ostrander, age 37 years, American, masoa helper, was 
fatally injured October 6, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal 
Co.) by a fall of rock. He was removed to the Pittston Hospital 
where he died that same evening from the result of his injuries. 

John Massebra, age 37 3a-ars, Slavish, laborer, was instantly 
killed October 12, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal Co.) 
by a fall of rock. He went into chamber No. 272 to see and have 
a chat with the laborer who worked there, and while he was there 
talking the top rock fell on him, killing him instantly. It is a very 
bad practice to go around from one chamber to another, because 
being strange to the place a man does not know anything about the 
condition of the roof and is very likely to stand under a dangerous 
spot. The foremen should try to stop this practice whenever they 
see it done. 

Lally Zidsumas, age 19 years, Polish, laborer, was instantly 
killed October 19, 1903, at the Pettebone colliery (D., L. & W. 
Coal Co.) by a piece of rider coal. He was loading a car in B airway, 
Hillman vein, w^hen a piece of rider coal fell on him, killing him in- 
stantly. 

Joseph Smith, Lithuanian, laborer, age 23 years, was in- 
stantly killed November 18, 1903, at the Coxey shaft (L. V. Coal 
Co.) by a fall of rock. Smith was employed as a laborer in the Marcy 
vein gangAvay, and was shoveling coal back from the face when a 
piece of rock fell on him, killing him instantly. 

By Cars 

John Kishock, age 15 years, Austrian, patcher^ was fatally 
injured by being run over by cars at the Maltby colliery (L. V. 
Coal Co.) on February 19, 1903. He went to set the switch for 
a trip of empty cars to*run in on the branch. He signalled to the 
runner to come ahead and then stepped to the side to allow the cars 
to pass. It was dark and he apparently got bewildered and ran 
in front of the cat-s. He was caught, and dragged a distance of fifteen 
feet, his legs were badly mangled and he was bruised about the 
body. He died shortly after he was taken home. 

Stephen Dugal, age 40 years. Slavish, laborer, was fatally 
injured March 30, 1903, at the Forty Fort colliery (Temple Iron 
Co.) by a trip of empty cars. He was traveling down the eleven 
foot slope on his way to work, and when near the foot of the 
fjlope he heard the trip of cars coming. A companion called to him 
to look out, but as this was his first day to work in the slope, he 
did not know which side to stay on and stepped in front of the 
cars. His body was so badly mangled that he dii'd in a short tirqo 
after. 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 233 

George Gigorei'sky, age IS years, Lithuaniau, diivtr. was 
fatally injured June the 5th, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. 
Coal Co.) by being squeezed between a trip of cars. He was 
taking a trip of empty cars from the foot of the shaft to the inside 
turnout. He was driving tliree mules and was spragging the cars on 
the top of grade to keep the cars from running back, when the lead- 
ing mule turned around and in doin;:\ so caught the di-iver in tlie 
traces and threw him between the cars. Tlu' mules were still hooked 
to the trip and kept pulling back. His head was caught between 
the bumpers, fracturing his skull. He died shortly after. 

Andrew Stash, age 40 years, Austrian, footman, was fa- 
tally injured June 20, 1903, at the Maltby colliery (L. V. Coal Co.). 
He was employed cleaning the slope and jumped on a trip of cars 
which were partly loaded with road coal. He was riding between 
the first and second car when the first car jumped the track. His 
leg was caught between the bumpers breaking it 'r.elow the knee. He 
was taken to the City Hospital where he died on July 30, 1903 after 
an operation. AMien men are engaged at such work as cleaning 
slopes they should not ride on the cars from one lift to the other, 
because the cars are seldom uniformly loaded making it much 
easier for them to jump the track. Foremen should see that such 
a practice is stopped as it is a direct violation of the law. (Article 
XII, Kule 16), No person shall ride upon or against any loaded 
car, cage, or gunboat in any shaft, slope or plane in or about the col- 
liery. 

Charles Nafus, age 35 years, American, footman, was fa- 
tally injured June 23, 1903, at the Forty Fort colliery (Temple 
Iron Co.). He was employed as a footman at the south slope, and 
was riding into his work on the haulage road trip to the south slope. 
The trip was stopped as usual on reaching the curve near the south 
slope turnout. The runner said he gave the signal to go ahead, when 
the cars received a sudden jerk throwing the first car off the track. 
He gave the signal to stop, but before the engineer succeeded in do- 
ing so five cars were pulled off, causing a heavy strain on the guide 
pulleys and breaking them. The rope swept across the track strick- 
ing Nafus on the head, fracturing his skull. He died a few hours 
after at hospital. 

Sidnor Smiles, age 24 years, Polish, laborer, Avas fatally 
injured July 29, 1903, at the Harry E. (Temple Iron Co). Smiles was 
laboring with Daniel Corrigan sinking a slope on the west side Kcd 
Ash vein. The engineer started to hoist a trip of two cars and as the 
grade is very light near the bottom, after the first pull tlu' cai-s 
bumped together and uncoupled. Corrigan and the other laboi-ei* 
were near the safety hoh-, Snjiles coming up after them. The un- 
conyiled car jumped tlic track, jtinnitig liim between the car aud the 
19 



234 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Dec. 

rib. He was so badly injured tliat lie died shortly after he was takea 
to the Emergency Hospital. 

John Covill, age 19 years, American, driver, was instantly 
killed November 16, 1903, at the Forty Fort colliery (Temple 
Iron Co.) by falling under a car. He was employed as a driver on 
road five D, upper six foot vein. He was riding on the front end of 
the car and jumped off to urge the mule when he slipped on the rail 
and fell under the car. He was dragged a distance of about twelve 
feet, causing instant death. 

Mike Mustal, age 24 years, Slavonian, loader, was instantly 
killed December 22, 1903, at the Exeter colliery (L. V. Coal 
Co.), outside by railroad cars. Mustal was employed as a loader 
at the breaker. He and another fellow laborer were running a car 
down the track, when an engine with a train of cars came in and 
struck the car in charge of these men throwing Mustal under, killing 
him instantly, the other man escaped uninjured. This accident 
happened about five o'clock in the afternoon and the crew claimed, 
that on account of the darkness they did not see the car until they 
struck it. This is a very poor excuse to offer. They should have sent 
one of the crew ahead to see that the road was clear. 



By Premature Blasts 

Wm. J. Nolan, age 43 years, Irish, miner, was instantly 
killed on March 6, 1903, at the Mt. Lookout colliery (Temple Iron 
Co.) by a premature* blast. He had drilled a hole in the bottom 
rock in his gangway and prepared the blast, and while in the act 
of lighting the squib the hole went off, killing him instantly. 

Stanley Witka, age 27 years, Polish, miner, was fatally 
injured on June 3, 1903, at the Seneca colliery (L. V, Coal Co.) by a 
premature blast. He was engaged in tamping a hole when the 
charge went off, injuring him so badly that he died the same day. 
His laborer, Alex. Budzelick, was helping him to tamp the hole but 
was not seriously injured. 

■ Jacob Powganis, age 34 years, Polish, miner, "was fatally 
injured on June 20, 1903, at the Kingston colliery No. 1 (Kingston 
Coal Co.) by a blast. Powganis was employed as a breast miner in 
the Bennett vein bottom of No. 3 slope. He had prepared a blast, lit 
it and run to a place of safety. He thought he heard the hole miss 
and went back to relight it, when it went off, injuring him so badly 
that he died that day at the Mercy Hospital. An accident of this 
character should be a lesson to all miners, not to approach a missed 
hole too soon. 

Andrew Dolup, age 48 years, Slavonian, miner, was fatally 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 235 

injured on Decenibei- 18, 15)03, at the Maltb.y colliei'y (L. V. 
Coal Co.) by a blast. Dolup was firing a shot and after lighting the 
squib he went to a place of safety. He thought the shot had missed 
and went back to see when the shot went otl', injuiing him so badly 
that he died in one hour after. This is one of the many cases of too 
much haste. 

By Explosions of Gas 

Samuel Boreskey, age 31 years, Polish, laborer, was burned 
by an explosion of gas on June 29, 1903, at the Clear Spring 
colliery. Boreskey had carelessly left the check door open, and 
as the place was giving off a considerable quantity of gas where the 
door was closed, it forced the gas down on him when it was ignited 
by his lamp, burning him about the face and hands. The accident was 
not considered serious at the time. The deceased objected to go to 
the hospital, and was being treated by a woman fire doctor. He 
died from the result of the burns on July 11, 1903. -The fire boss 
made a tour of inspection in that section about two hours before 
the accident and found everything in good order. 



By Powder 

Anthony Gloucksis, age 22 years, Polish, laborer, was in- 
stantly killed by an explosion of For cite powder on September 
9 at the Seneca colliery (L. V. Coal Co.) Gloucksis was work- 
ing with his miner, helping him to clean up a fall of rock at the foot 
of the west side slope. They were getting short of oil and his miner, 
Simon Gilinskie, sent him to his gangway for some oil and gave 
him the key to the box. The distance from where they were working 
to the gangway, was about fifteen hundred feet. After the deceased 
was gone about fifteen minutes, the men heard a terrible explo- 
sion. They first thought it was an explosion of gas. They went 
toward the direction it came and they found the deceased in a 
mangled condition. It is thought that a spark from his lamp fell 
into a box of explosive caps. There was also about eighteen pounds 
of Forcite powder in the box at the time of the explosion. 



By Falling Down Shafts 

Alex. Rimshock, age 40 years, Polish, laborer, was instantly 
killed by falling down u shaft on March 21, 1903, at the ^It. 
Lookout (Temple Iron Co.). Rimshock, the deceased was working 



236 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

as a laborer in the eleven foot vein and came to the landing after 
the cage was signaled to hoist and was on its way up the shaft. He 
made an effort to get on but did not succeed. He clung to the cage 
until he reached the first bunton, when his head struck it, and he 
fell to the bottom a distance of about 90 feet. He was dead when 
picked up. 

Jno. Paylou, age 42 jears, Slavonian, laborer, was instantly 
killed July 15, 1903, by falling down the shaft at the Harry 
E colliery (Temple Iron Co.). He was working in the Ross vein, and 
was about to start for home after finishing his day's work. The 
footman, Geo. Cushel, when near the landing at the Ross Vein saw 
ajight coming toward the shaft, and called out "are you coming up?" 
He received no answer to this call, so he signalled then to the en- 
gineer to hoist, when the cage was about three feet above the laud- 
ing Paylon made a jump to get on, but only got his hands on the 
floor, when he dropped to the bottom a distance of about 60 feet. 
Those on the cage at the time warned him not to make any attempt 
to get on, but he paid no attention to them. 

Peter Roman, age IG years, American, doortender, was in- 
stantly killed September 22, 1903, by falling down a shaft at the 
ICxeter colliery (L. V. Coal Co.). He was on the cage coming up the 
shaft after his work was done. There Avas several on with him. 
When the cage was about 50 feet from the bottom he fell off, and 
dropped to the sump. Ko person on the cage seemed to know any- 
thing about how it happened. They seem to think he got dizzy or 
weak and fell. 

Louis Bouchard, Polish, miner, age 35 years, was instantly 
killed December 12, 1903, by falling down a shaft at the 
Mount Lookout Colliery (Temple Iron Co.). Deceased came to his 
death in a mysterious way. Xo one knows how he fell down (lie 
shaft. He was suspended a few days before for sending out dirty 
coal, and the foreman did not know he Avas working. He evidently 
was working with some other miner until his time of suspension 
would be up, and in doing so was trying to evade the bosses by 
going in early in the morning. The accident occurred about six 
o'clock A. M. The fire boss was at the foot of the shaft when he fell. 
He was dead when picked u]). 

By Machine! y 

Frank H. Reese, age 1(5 years, American, slatepicker, was 
fatally injured January 27, 1903, by breaker machinery at the Pette- 
bone breaker of the (D., L. & W. R. R. Co.). Deceased was employed 
as sUite picker. Tlw boss sent him to pull down theH:'oal in the Chest- 
nut chute from the elevators, and giving liim a scraper, ordered him 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHRACITF: DISTIITCT 237 

to siaiul oulsidc nf the cluitc autl keep ii ojHii. Iml ii!s:c;!(! of usiiij;- 
the scraper as he was ordered he went iiilo the cluite and with his 
feet commenced jtnshing down the ceal. He went {oo close to the 
eh'vators, and liis foot was canji,lit. draj^j^in^ liini in. He died about 
four hours after tlie accident at his home. 

Merl Hemburv, age li years. American, shitpicker, was fa- 
tally injured by breaker nmchinery, August 13, 1903, at the Lykens 
breaker (W. B. Gun ton). This accident occurred about 11.45 A. M. 
Deceased was out of his place and disobeyed the rules. He was ap- 
proaching the oiler for a chew of tobacco w^hen his jacket was 
caught in the gearing of the conveyors. The oiler gave the alarm im- 
mediately to the slate boss w'ho signalled to the engineer to stop tke 
engine which he instantly did. Death was instantaneous. 

Miscellaneous Fatal Accidents 

Geo. Euderick, age 28 years, Russian, laborer, was fatally 
injured February 9, 1903, at the Kingston Coal Co.'s breaker 
No. 4. He was only working at this place a few days when this acci- 
dent occurred, and no one knew how it happened. It is supposed he 
fell oft" a car. When found he was iyiiig along side the track under 
the pocket, in an unconscious condition, and he died about a half 
hour later. 

Jas. Gaughsin, American, driver, age 15 years, was fatally 
injured May 13, 1903, at the Barnum colliery No. 2 (Penna. 
Coal Co.). Deceased Avas taking his mule to the barn after his day's 
work was done, and in some manner his foot became fastened in 
the traces, the mule started to run away, dragging him for a dis- 
tance of 000 feet to the foot of the shaft. He was hoisted to the 
surface, and sent home in the company's am!)ulance, where he died a 
few minutes later. 

Harry Williams, age 21 years, American, breaker man on 
electric motor^ was instantly killed November 27, 1903, at the 
Mount Lookout colliery (Temple Iron Co.) by a shock from an electric 
wire while assisting the motorman to make some repairs on the 
cable wire. He was standing on the rail at the time, and raised his 
head which came in contact with the trolley. The shock killed him 
instantly. 

Frank Cliarli, age 39 years. Italian, laborer, w'as instantly 
killed December 24, 1903, at the P^xeter colliery (L. V. Coal 
Co.) by a falling prop. Deceased was helping his miner, Mike Pas- 
(jual, to stand props. H(> slipped and one of the pi-ops fell nn liiiii, 
crushing his skull, causing instant death. 



288 KEPORT CF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Condi ti»a of the Mines and Improvements During the Year 

The condition of the mines on the whole is very satisfactory. 
The ventilation is improved, the drainage is much better, and special 
efforts are being made in regard to propping roof. All these things 
I rigidly demand. The observance of the law, in reference to the 
employment of boys is also enforced to the letter. Only one case 
occurred in the district, where there was any need to resort to law, 
and was against the Avoca Coal Company. A copy of the whole 
proceedings in this case was forwarded to the Department. 

KINGSTON COAL COMPANY 

No. 4 Colliery 

They have put up a fuel conveyor line to boiler house, made some 
slight changes in the breaker and put down a number of bore holes 
to prove rock cover over Orchard vein. 

DELAWARE, LACKAWANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY 

Pettebone 

A 20 foot ventilating fan, which was partly constructed in 1902, 
has been reconstructed and is now in working order, showing a very 
good percentage of efflciency. The erection of a locomotive boiler 
plant is in progress at this colliery, to be composed of 10 fire box 
locomotive boiler, which will be completed early during the year 
1901. Three rock tunnels were driven through faults or anti- 
clinals in the Hillman vein for development, transportation and 
ventilation. The Kidney vein has been opened in these shafts and 
developments will be pushed as rapidly as possible. 

Pettebone washery, which has been practically idle during the 
year, has now resumed operations, and the refuse from the same is 
being placed in the Cooper vein of this colliery. 

RAUB COAL COMPANY 

Louise 

Gravity plane at "Mt. Thomas," about 450 feet long, one pair of 
new 16x20 engines geared 4 to 1, with foundation and house com- 
plete for hoisting. 

Outside.— Coal from Red Ash and Ross veins, on Eley tract, to 
foot of Bennett slope. Rope to run through bore hole, from sur- 
face to head of inside plane from eleven foot vein to Ross. 

Inside. — No. 3 tunnel Klondyke, driven on mountain side from 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHliACITE DISTRICT 239 

surface to Koss and Ked Ash veins, uiumh- \\()rkiny,s — serving as 
means of better ventilation, also as nioie convenient and safe en- 
trance and exit to that portion of workinys* which are located so far 
from main opening. 



TEMPLE IRON COMPANY 

Harry E Colliery 

Outside. — On tlie hoisting shafts they have put in new 10 foot 
drum on the hoisting engines, clutch gearing, which enables them 
to hoist from either of the three levels with both cages, which is we 
think a very decided improvement. The old drum was an 8 foot 
diameter drum Avithout clutch, with which they could only hoist 
from lower level with both cages at one time. 

Inside. — Slope being driven in 11 foot vein from shaft level down 
towards basin, with plane going to outcrop on same line as slope, 
this will be slope and plane combined, with pair of 14x16 engines 
in place to operate the same. 

Koss 

There has been a tunnel driven from Ked Ash to Ross vein, size 
12x8 feet on a pitch of 15 degrees. This will be the outlet for coal 
from new slope and plane which is being constructed in Ross vein. 

Harry E; Colliery, Ross Vein 

Inside. — There is also another tunnel from Red Ash to Ross, 10x6 
feet on a pitch of 40 degrees which is return airway for new slope 
and plane. 

The above mentioned improvements are the new work that is be- 
ing done. Aside from that which would be more under the regular 
order of work, but which is improvements just the same, is the de- 
cided improvement in the ventilation which has been accomplished 
by the enlarging of the areas of airwa\s both inlet and outlet air- 
ways at this colliery the past year. 

Forty Fort Colliery 

Outside.— New breaker capacity 1,000 tons per ten (10) hours. 
This breaker was put in operation on June 0, with the most modern 
machinery for the preparation of coal. 

Shaft. — Widened out cage ways and re timbered in the new from 
top to bottom with concrete wall 2^ feet thick, 20 feet from toji 
down, all around the shaft. One new Sterling boiler 12.") II. V. 



24« REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Inside.-r-I« t.b(» 11 foot they nre pxtendiug the slope towanls basin, 
size of slope 12x7. Ross vein tliey have reopened and extriidiug 
slope towards basin, they are also (extending plane whii-li is in di- 
rect line with the slo})e. Size 12x7 feet. Have driven new tunnel 
from 6 foot to 4 foot vein, size of tunnel 12x7 feet. Have built a new 
traveling way separate and independent from the slope. 

Inside. — Have built an additional airvsay (outlet) from G feet to 11 
feet, size 10x6, which has made a very decided improvement in the 
ventilation. 

Mt. Lookout Colliery 

Outside. — Put in breaker, four (4) sets of Readiui;- jigs, and rear- 
ranged 6 sets of Christ jigs. Fuel conveyor from breaker to boiler 
room. 

Inside. — Driving new slope from Pittston vein to Marcy (called No. 
7 slope). One electric locomotive, 7^ ton, for work in chambers, 

LEHIGH VALLEY COAL COMPANY 

Maltby Colliery 

A new brick boiler house, 120x5 has been constructed. Six sets, 
300 H. P. each, or 1,800 H. P., B. & W. boilers are in course of in- 
stallation. A number of additions and repairs have been made to 
the breaker, also betterments to the inside pumping capacity, and 
changes at the foot of the main hoisting shaft. 

Exeter Colliery 

A brick boiler house is under construction, and 300 H. P., B. »fc W. 
water tube boilers are being installed therein, 

A new compressed air motor haulage plant is under construc- 
tion for the Red Ash shaft district. A brick house encloses a Nor- 
walk three stage compressor, size 20x24xl44xlli-x5x24. A 15 ton 
air locomotive is on the ground. A six inch air pipe runs from the 
surface down the shaft to the inside haulage roads, total length of 
pipe, 3,700 feet. These roads are laid with 40-pound rails and 
special care has been given to the alignment and grading; in all, 
very favorable conditions now exist for a satisfactory haulage plant 
at this place. 

New barns have been hv.Ut in the Checker and Red As!) di;-- 
tricts. 

Pittston hoisting shaft and second outlet shaft completed fron, 
Pittston vein to Marcy vein. 

New Jeanesville compound duplex pump, sixe 20\:'.^xlOxl.^, with 



No. 12. SIXTH ANTHJIACITE DISTRICT 241 

new coliimu complete, installed in Red aah distiii-l. New lire proof 
pump room built for same. 

New safety gates built at Eed Ash shaft. 

New carpenter-blacksmith shop, 52xr)6 complctcMl. 

Seneca Colliery 

Several other improvements are under way, but as they arc not 
completed you probably will not care for them. They are as fol- 
lows : 

Two tunnels, one 1M)0 (ho other ;>U(J, through fault in property 
known as "Old Forge 88," in Twin shaft. 

Two bore-holes, one 12 inch, the other 14 inch from surface to the 
Red Ash vein for drainage purposes. It is proposed to pump the 
water from this vein through these holes and do away with column 
pipes in shaft. 

A shaft has been started to tap the Tittston vein about 500 feet 
below the Seneca breaker. 

Seneca 

Which includes the New or Coxey, the Twin, the Columbia, and 
the Phoenix shafts. 

1st. At the Twin shaft the old wood fan-house was replaced by 
one of corrugated iron. This insures greater safety from fire, for 
owing to its proximity to the D., L. & W. R. R. danger from tliis 
source was alwaj'S present with the old structure. 

2d. The cribbing in the Twin shaft consisted of a single line of 
12x12 hemlock timber. Upon this rested tlic shaft tower, sixty feet 
in height. The coal cars landed on fans and run off on a trestle 
twenty-five (25) feet above the ground. The said trestle extends a 
sufficient distance east of shaft to allow the passage of empty cars 
which are hauled from the breaker by a 12^ ton locomotive. The 
cribbing having been in place between nine and ten years began to 
crush and bulge into the shaft under the weight of the shaft-tower 
and trestle. Owing to th(>se conditions it was decided to replace 
the old cribbing with one of c6ncret(\ and if i»ossible, without de- 
laying the operation of the shaft. This was successfully a.ccom])- 
lished in the following manner. 

The inside dimensions of tlie cribbing (old) was 12xl7x:r) i;i di>i)lh. 
In the line of old buntons several hard wood buntons one on another 
wf re placed in good hitches cut in the rock at foot of old cribbing. 
Oil these buntons rested a line of posts, six in ;ill. Avhieh reaclnvl to 
a point above the top of old cribbing. 15y mm aiis of hy(lr;\ulir jacks 
tlie overhead weight wns taken oif the old (•rib])ing aiMl i)l;ii(d on 
12x10x40 oak timbei' that was jMit across the siiaft. on top of jxtsts. 
10— 12— liHi:; 



242 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

and upon end supports. Having thus supported the tower and 
trestle no trouble was experienced in holding filling back, and tak- 
ing out old cribbing. The concrete was put in with a thickness of 
three feet in the bottom and tapering to two feet on top. 

STEVENS COAL, COMPANY 

Sunk new shaft, 12x24 to Eed Ash vein. 

Made opening in shaft into vein underlaying the Marey vein. 

Installing coal hoisting plant at new shaft. 

Started up coal Avashery which is contained in one Aving of the 
breaker. 

Put in neAv 150 H. P. boiler at steam plant. 

Made new opening from Red Ash slope workings through by roll 
to old workings on Slocum property, for ventilating purposes. 

CONNELL ANTHRACITE COAL MINING COMPANY 

Bernice Colliery 

The folloAving are the improvements made at the Bernice colliery. 
They have erected a modern anthracite breaker on their property, 
containing about a million feet of lumber, equipped with the latest 
modern machinery, shakers, etc. They have erected a plant of one 
thousand (1,000) horse power National water tube boilers, a machine 
shop, and have equipped the colliery in every respect to prepare the 
coal up to the regular anthracite standard. They haA^e added a 
thirteen (13) ton electric locomotive to their inside haulage, re- 
graded the gangAvays, and are now sinking a shaft upon the property 
12x22 to be used as a second opening and an air shaft, and erecting 
a sixteen (16) foot fan thereon. 

DELAWARE AND HUDSON COMPANY 

Langcliffe Colliery 

No. 1 slope in the No. 2 Checker drift has been extended 500 feet. 
New road driven at the head of No. 1 plane in Red Ash vein for a 
distance of 650 through caved area of Avoca Coal Company. 
NeAV 10 foot fan erected to A^entilate No. 2 Checker drift. 



OFFICIAL. DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Seventh Anthracite District 



LUZERNE COUNTY 



Wilkes-Barre, Va., February 20, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I liave the honor to transmit herewitli the report of the 
Seventh Anthracite District for the year ending- December 31, 1903. 
Mr. E. E. Reynolds, my predecessor in ofQce, resigned at the close 
of the year to become general manager of the International Coal 
and Coke Company of British Columbia. I was appointed to suc- 
ceed him and assumed the duties of the office on January 4, 1904. 
It has therefore fallen to my lot to compile this report. The report 
contains the tables, statistics, etc., as required by law. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JAMES MARTIN, 

Inspector. 



( 243 ) 



244 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Seventh Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of iiiiues in district, 3G 

Number (;f mines operation, ;j(! 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,920,474 

Number of tons shipped to market, 4,385,(381 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 224,174 

Number of tons consumed at mines in oenerating steam 

and heat, 310,01!) 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 8,451 

Number of persons employed outside, 3,619 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 34 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 144,890 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside,. . 249 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 5 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 724 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 25 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 41 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines 104 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in 

side, 81 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside 20 

Number of persons employed i)ei' non-fatal accident out- 
side, 181 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 2 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside 2 

Number of electric motors used inside 4 

Number of fans used for ventilation 53 

Number of gaseous mines in operation 31 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation 5 

Number of new snines opened 2 



No. 12. SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 245 



TAP.LK A.— i^vvenlli Aiitliiacile Districl. 190?, 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

J.chijih and WilUcs-liarre Coal Company 1,7()0.27;> 

Sus(|nelianna Coal Company 1,277,402 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Kailroad ('onipany, 400,02.") 

Lehigh Valley Coal Company 592,841 

l>ehn\are and Ilndson ('om])any 182,03() 

Alden Coal Company 289,2(;r) 

Warrior Kun Coal Company 201.21."5 

Red Asli Coal Company, 152,777 

Pittston Coal and Mininji, Company 34.040 

Total 4,926,474 



Production by Counties 
Luzerne 4,920,474 



246 



HEPOKT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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No. 12. 



SEVENTH ANTH1'.ACITE DISTRICT 



249 



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No. 



KEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



2*1 



TABLE G.— Seventh Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



















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si 
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1 




1 




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1 










1 


4 

















1 






1 






1 






1 








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1 
1 


1 
1 




4 
2 


1 






1 






10 


July 


1 








6 








1 


1 




1 












3 












1 


2 












3 




1 
















j 






1 






1 


















1 










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4 








1 


1 








Totals, 


5 


2 


5 


4 


12 


1 


2 


1 


1 


39 







TABLE H.— Seventh Anthracite District, 19i)3 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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Januaiy, 
February, 

March, 

April, 

May 

June 

July 

August, ... 
September, 
October, . . 
November, 
December, 

Totals 



15 
12 
10 
10 
11 
10 
10 
7 
9 
7 

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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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Nu. 12. 



SEVENTH AXTHKACITE DISTRICT 



253 




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REPOIIT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Ciff. Doc. 



nosaad qo'ea aoj pgpiAoad ajuuuu 
jad 133; oiqno jo laqiunu 9Si3.taAV 



apisui P3X0IC1UI3 suosjsd jo Joqiunjsr 



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N'l). 12. 



SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



255 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



257 



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17—12—1903 



258 



liEPOItT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off Doc. 



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210 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

Fatal Accidents — luside 
By Falls of Coal, Slate and Roof 

Adam Visliinsky, miner, at the Warrior Rim colliery, was work- 
ing a breast in C vein No. 2 lift, a road breast. Between 4.30 and 
5 o'clock he was drilling a hole in the middle bench with a piece of 
top bench hanging over and it appears that he was through drilling 
this hole and had the bar loose when a large piece of the top bench 
fell and struck him. He was able to sit up when first found. He 
was carried home and a doctor summoned, who found that he 
liad a broken foot, but he was otherwise not considered very seriously 
hurt. He died suddenly, however, the following day, probably from 
shock. 

Christian Christiansen, miuer, in the Sugar Notch colliery, was 
cutting a hitch in the bottom rock to stand a prop to secure the roof, 
when a small piece of rock fell upon him killing him instantly. 

Joseph Titus, rockman's laborer, was killed at the Franklin col- 
liery in the new tunnel that is being driven in the long slope from 
the sump seam to the Abbot. The"chargeman and Titus were try- 
ing the roof after firing a round of holes, when a piece of rock fell 
and instantly killed Titus. 

Jacob Siskie, miner's laborer, at the Dorrance, was in his breast 
in tunnel lift, Baltimore vein, loading coal alongside of the car, 
when a piece of coal fell from the rib and caught him against the 
car, instantly killing him. 

Joseph Kootz, miner in No. 1 S. shaft of the Susquehanna Coal 
Company, was driving a heading in a pitching breast in the Ross 
seam. He had fired a blast in the face, which left the top bone up. 
This top bone was about eight inches thick. He went back and be- 
gan to throw the coal from the face, when the bone fell upon him, 
killing him instantly. 

John B. Ososky, laborer, in the North shaft, No. 6, Susquehanna 
Coal Company, was in the act of loading a car when a piece of top 
rock fell upon him, killing him instantly. This man's miner had 
been warned of the top rock by the fire boss, who had ordered him 
to take it down or to stand props under it. He put one prop under 
it and began loading coal, when the accident occurred. 

Martin Covack, mucker, at the Maxwell, was working in No. 10 
tunnel. West Ross vein. Ho Avas on the night shift. While load- 
ing a car of rock about eighteen feet from the face, a piece of top 
rock fell, instantly killing him, and fracturing the leg of John INIal- 
coski, the chargeman. 

Frank Yanosefski, laborer, at the South shaft, No. 7, Susque- 
hanna Coal Company, was putting up a set of timbers in the face 
^ of the chamber Avhen a piece of top rock fell upon him, fatally in- 
juring him. The place where the accident occurred, to all appear- 



No. 12. SEVENTPI ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 271 

auce, was in a safe condition, but there was a^slij)'' in tlie roof, 
close to the face of the coal, which was not discovered before the 
rock fell. Yanosefski was taken to the hospital where he, died at 
9.05 r. M. on the day of the accident. 

William Kitchen, company miner, at the Stanton, was proppinj^ 
the rib in the new sump of the Baltimore vein, when a piece of rock 
fell from the roof and struck him on the back and hip injuring him 
internally. He was injured on the 3d of July, and died on the fol- 
lowing day. 

William L. Jones, miner, at Red Ash No. 2, was robbing pillars in 
No. 2 tunnel, Red Ash vein. He came out to the blacksmith shop 
at noon to eat his dinner. After dinner he rode in on a trip of cars 
with the driver. The driver stopped at Mike Stuler's place to leave 
a car and Jones got out of the car and Stuler and he walked into 
Jones's place. They stopped several feet away from the face of the 
workings and Jones went up on top of the gob to roll down a piece 
of coal, and as soon as he reached the piece of coal, a large piece of 
top rock fell upon him and killed him instantly. 

David J. Lewis, miner, at the Hollenback, was working in a 
breast in No. 2 plane west. He w'ent back from the face about 
one hundred forty feet to bar down a piece of top coal. While in 
the act of barring the coal down it fell upon liim, killing him in- 
stantly. 

William Bowris, miner, in South shaft. No. 1, Susquehanna Coal 
Company, was in company with Peter Wasolefski, in the act of cut- 
ting a pair of timbers on the main road, for the purpose of putting 
in a set of timbers, when a large piece of top rock fell, killing Bowiis 
instantly and slightly injuring Wasolefski about the feet. From all 
appearances they had cut the collar nearly through Avith an axe, 
and the miner went on the upper side to bar the timber down with a 
drill, when the said piece of top gave way from a slip in the strata 
which was not previously discovered. The accident occurred in the 
Ross vein. 

Adam Yodlite, miner, in the North Shaft, No. 0, Susquehanna 
Coal Company, Avas on his knees drilling a hole in the bottom bench, 
when a piece of clod from the top fell on the back of his head. He 
died in fifteen minutes fi-om the time the accident occurred. 

Anthony Berski. miner, in the South Wilkes-Barre, while work- 
ing in the No. 3 tunnel, East Kidney vein, was injured about his 
head and back so badly by a fall of top rock that he died on his way 
to the hosi)ital. 

By Explosions of Gas 

Thomas L. James, mason, in the Ross vein shaft of the Bliss col- 
liery was building a wall in chamber No. 29 on No. 2, East lift off 
No. 3 slope. He was making his way from the chamber to No. 5 



272 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

slope through old chambers, which he should not have done. While 
in chamber No. 34 near station 654, he ignited a small quantity of gas 
with his naked lamp and was burned about the face and hands. He 
had a safety lamp at the time which he might have used. 

Frank Miuich, miner, at the Warrior Run colliery, was working! 
in D vein, No. 5 lift, No. 23 breast about 60 feet from the gangway, 
when an accumulation of gas was set off in some unknown way, 
either from the breast inside of his working place or from his own. 
When questioned he said he was preparing to fire a hole and had ex- 
amined for gas and had found his place clear, when he discovered 
that the gas had been fired from the breast beyond him and was 
coming through the heading to him. The bratticemen, J. W. 
Roberts and Jas. Brislin, corroborated his story by saving that his 
place was clear, vrhen they were initting in brattice for him, but 
some gas was in the other breast. Minich was so seriously burned 
about the hands, face and body that he died about 8 o'clock in the 
evening, after being taken to the hospital. The accident occurred 
at 11 P. M. 

Isaac Transue, trackman, at the Bliss colliery, with a number of 
other workmen was burned by an explosion of gas in West Side 
Ross, No. 2 plane. Doors being left open on the lift was the cause 
of the accident. He was not thought to be seriously burned but he 
died on June 6, at the Moses Taylor Hospital at Scranton. 

William U. Williams, flreboss, in the North shaft No. 1, colliery 
No. 7 of the Susquehanna Coal Compam-, was making his examina- 
tion in the west side of Cooper seam in No. 3 Vv'est gangway. He 
came from No. 163 place to No. 153 place, and encountered some 
gas a little distance from the face. He Avalked down to the second 
heading leading to No. 144 place and encountered some gas here, 
which put his light out. He then Avent down the breast until he 
thought he was on the gangway in a fresh current of air. Here he 
struck a match to light his lamp. This caused an explosion and he 
was burned about the head, face, neck, arms and thigh. The acci- 
dent was due to his own neglect as he should not have struck a 
match. The other firebosses seeing that he was not out in time 
were inside looking for him. He came out alone in the dark and was 
met on the empty track of the turnout at the foot of the shaft by 
William X. Jones at 6.45 A. M. The accident occurred about 5.40 
A. M. 

Edward ^lorrissey and Nelson Taylor, miners, at the Warrior Run 
colliery, were fatally burned and Adam Yachula, laborer, was severe- 
ly burned by an explosion of gas and Chas. Bartleson, driver, had 
his pelvis bone fractured by being thrown down by the force of the 
explosion. The explosion occurred in the second opening in C No. 
6, West gangway, and was above the gangway road about 120 feet. 
Morrisey was driving a heading from his place to Taylor's which was 



No. 12. SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 273 

about 15 feet higher than his own, and burst througli. kuoelviug 
some pi'ops and bialtice down, aud while assisting Tayloi- in repair- 
ing the damage, the gas started to fill up in Taylor's place. They 
were working with a safety lamp but Moirisey's safety lamp was 
found in the middle of his heading and tlie two naked lamps at the 
mouth of the heading near where Adam was drilling a hole. It 
appears that they were brushing the gas and brought it into contact 
with tlie naked lamps in heading. Taylor died on the 25th of June, 
eight days after the accident, from erysipelas setting in where he 
was injured on his leg, and Morrisey died on the 29th of June. 

Frank Baker, laborer, was fatally burned and Frank Ostrofski, 
miner, was seriously bnrued by an explosion of gas at the Warrior 
Run colliery. The explosion occurred in Ostrofski's breast, C vein, 
No. 5 gangway about noon. The miner was driving a heading from 
his place to the next place inside and was in about two yards v.hen 
he struck a strong feeder of gas. The miner went down the gang- 
way for powder and was returning with a cartridge of powder in 
one hand and his naked lamp in the other, and while some distance 
from the face the explosion occurred, buruing both men quite severely 
about the hands, face aud body. After the explosion the laborer's 
cap and safety lamp were found in the heading, his shovel and 
naked lamp were hanging on the canvas near heading and within 
two feet of the level of the gas at the heading. They were taken 
to Mercy Hospital, where Baker died on June 30, eight days after 
the accident. 

Henry Law, miner, at the South Wilkes-Barre shaft, while re- 
pairing a set of timbers after firing a shot in his chamber in No. 4 
slope, Fourth East Top split, Baltimore vein, ignited a body of gas 
which had accumulated in the face, burning him seriously on his 
hands, face and back. He died at his home on October 7, the day 
after the accident. 

Evan D. Roberts, company miner, at the Stanton colliery, went 
to the old workings to an abandoned breast without a safety lamp, 
to remove some sheet iron, and ignited a body of gas. 

By Explosions of Powder 
Anthony Bruges, laborer, Avas fatally burned and Wm. Pos- 
lanskie, miner, was severely burned by the explosion of a keg of 
powder at the Warrior Run colliery. Bruges's miner not being out 
on the day of the accident, he wont along with Poslauskie. He took 
a keg of powder with him wliich they supposed to be damp. When 
they reached the heading where Poslauskie had his f)o\vder, he asked 
Bruges to empty some of the powder into his (Poslanskic's) hand. 
This Bruges did and in some way it became ignited and Poslauskie 
threw the powder down on Ihe keg, when an explosion occurred 
18—12—1903 



274 ]iEPOKT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off Doc. 

which set off another keg of powder belonging to Poslanskie, with 
the above result. They were taken to the City Hospital Avhere 
Bruges died. 

By Cars 

John Brown, doorman, in the Maxwell collier-y, was working in 
Southwest Bed Ash gangway. He AAas run over by a trip of cars, 
which the runner was running, and had both legs crushed. He died 
at the Mercy Hospital. 

Andrew l^etronick, laborer, in the Bliss colliery, was killed by be- 
ing struck by a runaway car on the New slope in the Baltimore vein. 
Patronick was sent intO' the crosscut, which was near the face, to 
stay there while his miner with his other laborer went up the slope 
to get an empty car. While they were pushing the car over the 
knuckle, the chain broke permitting the car to trayel at a tremend- 
ous rate to the bottom of the slope, and unfortunately it struck 
Patronick. The car got off the track about 5 feet above the cross- 
cut, in which he had been told to stay. Had he obeyed the orders 
given to him by the miner, to stay in the crosscut, this accident would 
not have happened. His body was found along the slope about 20 
feet from the crosscut. 

John Ha^-es, runner, at the Dorrauce colliery, was killed on the 
slant slope by a runaway car jumping the track and catching him 
against the rib. The runaway was caused by the breaking of a 
coupling between the first and second cars of a trip of four loaded 
and one empty car. 

Anthony Baltrichus, driver, at the Hollenback colliery, was bring- 
ing out a trip of loaded cars from No. 2 slope, first west. His 
patcher, Eeese Phillips, told him to ride out on the cars, but in some 
unknown way he was caught between the rib and the car and was 
killed. 

By Premature Blasts 

Joseph Grassberger, miner, in No. 6 slope, Susquehanna Coal Com- 
pany, was preparing to light a squib to fire a blast but the blast was 
fired prematurely and injured him so severely that he died within 
two hours. 

Patrick Kealey, miner, was fatally injured and Binio Vinea, 
laborer, had his chest bone broken at the Auehiucloss colliery by 
the explosion of a cartridge. They were working night shift and 
had fired a- shot in the coal but it did not do its work. So he pre- 
pared to charge it again with about 29 inches of black powder, and 
the supposition is that the charge would not go into the hole and 
that they were forcing it in either with the coal drill or the scraper, 
which someliow caused a spark and set the powder off. The miner 
received nearly the whole charge and died about nine hours after 
the accident. 



No. 12. SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 275 

Michael Slat(?r, miner, at tlie Maxwell colliery, Avorked in a 
chamber in No. 7 tunnel, West Ross vein. His laborer said that he 
had tamped a hole and put a squib into it and was goinjjj to tamp 
another near by, and it is supposed that his lamp came in contact 
with the squib setting off the blast, killing him instantly. 

Patrick Cooney, miner, at the Sugar Notch colliery, after pro- 
paring a hole to fire, lit the squib and went back to the cross-head- 
ing to wait for the blast to go off, which it failed to do, after giving 
what he thought was suflicient time. He then went back to ex- 
amine it, when the blast went off. The coal struck him mostly on 
the head and neck. He was taken to Mercy Hospital where he died 
the day of the accident about 10.40 P. M. 

By Falling Down Slope 

William Wright, bellman, at No. 6 slope, Susquehanna Coal Com- 
pany, undertook to walk up the slope and while so doing was over- 
taken by the cage, and was either knocked down by the cage or fell 
away in tiwing to avoid it. This accident was due to violation of 
the rules which forbade all traveling on the slope. 

By Falling Down Shaft 

Kadzimus Ochram, laborer, at the Dorrance colliery, fell down 
the shaft from the Hillman landing to the Baltimore vein, about 
300 feet and was instantly killed. He came running to get on the 
carriage after the bell was rung and the carriage was in motion. 
He was warned by the men on the carriage but persisted in his ef- 
forts to get on the carriage, with the result stated. 

By Cars 

Joseph Petlock, plane footman, at the Franklin colliery, was struck 
by an empty ear which became uncoupled while two empty cars 
were being lowered from the dump. The car jumped the track at 
the foot and struck Petlock, injuring him so seriously that he died 
about 6 P. M. of the same day. 

Samuel Figuiia was employed in No. G breaker of the Susque- 
hanna Coal Company unloading condemned coal. He had finished 
unloading the car and the teamster was ordered to pull back the 
car. He had already pulled back two cars and while pulling the 
third car back, Figuiia stood alongside of the track and in some 
manner slipped and had one leg caught under the wheel severing 
that member entirely. Ho was taken to the hospital and died on 
arriving there. 

Antonie Kozlofski, car loader at No. 7 breaker of the Suscpielianna 
Coal Company, was instantly killed by being run over by a I'enn- 
sylvania Railroad car. The car, which was half-loaded had run past 
the loading chutt^ The deceased stepped behind the car u\ oi-dcr 



276 KEPOIIT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Oil:. Doo. 

to bar it back to tlii.' loading eliiito. At the same time the car run- 
ner was running three more cars on the same track. The rails were 
wet and muddy and he could not l)riug the cars to a stop before they 
slightl}' bumped the half loaded car, causing it to start and run over 
the victim. The car runner called loudly to the victim to look out 
but he evidently did not hear him. i 

By Machinery 

Theodore Tucker, slatepicker, at the Bed Ash No. 2, was sent by 
the screen boss to start the coal running in the chute leading from 
the elevator to the rolls. There is a hole in the side of the chute 
to allow a person to go into the chute to start the coal running 
when it blocks. The hole is 23 feet from the elevator. He was 
next seen on the floor of the screen room at the foot of the elevator, 
the supposition being that he had come through the elevator. He 
was injured about 4 P. M. and died at 11 P. M. at the Wilkes-Barre 
City Hospital. 

Thomas McDonald, laborer, at the Hadleigh colliery, outside, was 
shoveling coal into the scrapper line along with six other men when 
a rush of the bank started. He became confused and instead of 
standing still, he ran into the conveyor line. The other men who 
were much nearer the line than he was, when the rush occurred, 
stood still and escaped injury. 

IMPROVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR 

LEHIGH AND WILKES-BARRE COAL COMPANY 

Hollenback No. 2 Colliery 
Outside. — Five hundred horse povrer battery B. & W. boilers com- 
pleting plant of 2,000 horse power. 

Inside.— No. 11 tunnel, bottom split Red Ash to top split Red Ash, 
50 yards. 

No. 12 tunnel, bottom split Red Ash to top split Red Ash, 50 
yards. 

Empire No. 4 Colliery 

Outside. — Maehine, smith and car shops to replace shops de- 
stroyed by fire April 18, 1903. 

Inside.— No. 24 tunnel, extended from top split Red Ash to Ross, 
70 yards. Hoisting shaft enlarged to slandard size. 

South Wilkes-Barre No. 5 Colliery 

Outside.— Duplicate 35 foot Guibal fan, No. 1 air shaft. Barn 
and carriage house. Inside and outside foreman's office. 

Inside.— No. 8 tunnel. Kidney to Abbot, IGO yards. No. 10 tun- 
nel, top split Baltimore to top split Baltimore, 140 yards. No. 11 
tunnel. Kidney to Abbot, 90 yards. Tunnel airway, across basin 



No. 12. SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 277 

for No. 10 tunnel return, 12-1: yards. Kock I'luuc airway, Iviihuy lo 
Abbot for No. 9 tunnel return, TU yards. Kock plane airway, I'.d 
West Hillman to No. !) tunnel Abbot, DO yaids. Three inch drainage 
bore hole. No. 5 sh)jj(» llilluiau sump to Baltimore. 

Stanton No. 7 Colliery 

Outside. — Duplex air compressor, simple steam, compound air. 
FiA-e hundred 11. 1'. battery, B. c^v: W. boilers. Colliei-y shoj). 

Inside. — Triple-expansion, condensing, duplex pumj), biick arch 
pump room, and sump tunnel to shaft sump. No. 1 Itock slope, 
from surface to Abbot, 100 yards. 

Jersey No. 8 Wasliery 

Conveyor, railroad and steam shovel equipment to work Hart- 
ford No. G culm bank. 

Sugar Notch No. 9 Colliery 

Outside.— Five hundred II. V. battery, 15. .^c W. boilers. 

Inside. — Compouiul duplex pump and brick and structural steel 
pump rooui, located on 3rd West Ross. Rock plane airway. Red Ash 
to Baltimore, 100 yards. No. 15 tunnel, Baltimore to Stanton vein, 
195 yards. 

Maxwell No. 20 Colliery 

Outside. — Five hundred H. V. battery, B. & W. boilers. Duplex 
air compressor, simple steam, compound air. Brick engine house 
for compressor and electric lighting plant. 

Inside. — No. 10 tnnnel, extended from Ross to Baltiiuore, 312 
yards. No. IG tunnel, Hillman to Hillman across basin, 37 yards. 
Comjiound condensing duplex pump, pump rock in rock, and tnnnel 
Baltimore to Twin for sump, Baltimore shaft to level. Sanitary 
barn to accommodate thirty (30) mules. Red Ash shaft level. 

LEHIGH VALLEY COAL COMPANY. 

Dorrance Colliery 
Hillman vein slope extended G54 feet into the basin north of 
cemetery anticlinal. Tunnel iinished from Abbot to Snake Island — • 
Middle plane leA'el. Tunnel commenced on Upper level to same vein. 
Tunnel is being driven from Hillman to Five Foot vein, 232 feet. 
New slope started from lower Bennett gangway to reach the basin 
below Slant slope. New inside slope started to work river warrant — 
Hillman vein. Preparations are being made and work started 
to sink main hoist shaft from Baltimore to Red Ash, also second 
opening rock slope for same. A new stable is being made, and 
improvement to ])umi) houses. Fire emergency water lines extended 
during the year. A series of test holes were put down from surface 



278 FvEFORT. OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES On'.f'JC. 

to detei'Diine safe working rock cover on the flats near the river. 
New concrete cribs have replaced the old wooden ones in both hoist 
and ventilating "shafts. New and improved safety gates and stop 
blocks put on Baltimore shaft. Ncav brick electric light house. 
New brick and concrete safety lamp house. New concrete pump 
house on river bank. 

Franklin Colliery 

No. 8 slope extended 320 feet to Brown pillar line. No. 8 tunnel 
extended 190 feet to Boss vein. No. 15 tunnel is being driven from 
Bed Ash rock slope to Boss, 480 feet to date. Tunnel extended 150 
feet in Baltimore slope district to Abbot vein. New tunnel from 
top to bottom split of Bed Ash completed. A new slope started 
in Boss vein. A new inside slope begun in top split of Bed Ash. 
The old Brown slope reopened. Work is progressing on instal- 
lation of 300 additional H. P. return tubular boilers. New fan, 
blowing engine installed. New 14x20 engine set in place at Bed 
Ash second outlet shaft. New corrugated iron powder house. New 
dam and corrugated iron pump house. Washery completed and 
working. Number of repairs and alterations made in breaker. 
Baltimore fan house rebuilt. 

SUSQUEHANNA COAL COMPANY 
Colliery No. 5 

Outside. — Jig house completed. New steel bridge over breaker 
tracks. New compressor house, and 2-20| and 36x20x36 lugersoll- 
Sergeant duplex two stage compressors. ■ One hundred new steel 
mine cars. 

Inside. — Bock plane. Mills to George, unfinished. 

Stearns 

Inside. — No. 4 shaft tunnels and returns completed, rock turnout 
for empty cars unfinished. New plane in Boss unfinished. 

Colliery No. 7 

Outside. — New lamp house completed. New timber yard com- 
pleted. Bemodelling No. 7 breaker, unfinished. 

Inside. — New plane in Cooper seam unfinished. Slope No. 14, 
Boss seam. 

Colliery No. 6 

Outside.— Two thousand five hundred H. P. B. & W. boiler plant 
completed, and old cylinder boilers at No. 6 shaft and No. 6 slope 
abandoned. New rolls and screens in breaker. New railroad from 
No. 7 shaft to breaker, about 1-J miles, completed. 

Inside.— New tunnel slope No. 6 to N. shaft No. 0, unfinished. 



No. 12. SEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 279 

New slope in Eoss tunnel No. G wnfinished. New tunnel slope No. 6, 
Koss to Koss, unfinished. Sliui't No. 7 sunk 40 feet, concreting to 
rock and permanent engine and head frame foundations completed. 

DELAWARE AND HUDSON COMPANY 

Conyngham 

No. 4 tunnel driven from the Abbot to Snake Island vein, o2o feet. 

No. 5 tunnel driven from the Abbot to Snake Island vein, 100 feet. 
No. 6 tunnel driven from the Abbot to Snake Island vein, 150 feet. 
The Abbot vein slope No. 4 was sunk a distance of UOO feet, llill- 
man shaft recribbed from rock to surface, and new head frame and 
house built. 

DELAWARE, LACKAWANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY 

Auchincloss No. 2 Shaft 
A tunnel 7x12 has been driven from the Baltimore vein for the 
purpose of the development of the Hillman vein. Auchincloss No. 
2 shaft. — The Baltimore vein has also been connected by a short 
tunnel to the Hillman vein for ventilating purposes. 

Bliss Mines 
The southwesterly side of this breaker was entirely reconstructed 
and improved upon by the installation of new shakers, belt con- 
veyors and spiral Miate pickers. A tunnel 7x12, 39G feet long, was 
driven from the Red Ash vein to the Ross vein for ventilation and 
haulage. One 10 ton electric locomotive was installed in the Ross 
slope. Espy tunnel, doing away with mules on this lift. A small 
10 foot fan was located on the Forge vein for ventilation. 

Truesdale 
This is a new opening or operation. They are putting down at 
this location two shafts to be known as No. 1 and No. 2 Truesdale 
shafts. No. 1 will be a four compartment shaft, one pump way, 
two hoist ways and one airway, 45 feet 2 inches by 14 feet in the 
clear. No. 2 shaft will have two hoist ways and one air and will be 
37 feet 2 inches by 14 feet in the clear. Operations have also been 
started to siuk a slope to the Mills vein, a distance of 1,500 feet to 
the basin. The}' have also opened an old tunnel, known on geologi- 
cal survey majis as the Holland tunnel, and already gangways are 
being driven east and west to what is known as the Forge vein in 
this locality. The outside aitpearances of (he collieries have been 
improved by the use of mineral paint and whitewash. 

RED ASH COAL COMPANY. 
Colliery No. 1 
One 12 and 18x8x18 compound noncondensing dujilex plunger 
Jeanesville pump. 



280 REI'ORT Oi*' THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Wasliery No. 3 Breaker- 
Fitted and alterations made and equipped witli shakers, jigs, etc., 
for washing the coal from culm banks. One 24x18 frame boiler 
house, stone foundation, gravel roof, built for the washery. >Six 
cylindrical boilers 30 diameter by 30 feet long, formerly used at ISio. 
1 breaker, placed in. new boiler house at washery. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The examinations of candidates for mine foremen and assistant 
mine foremen certificates resulted in the following named persons 
being granted certificates: 

Mine Foremen 

John IS. Thompson, Pittston; Andrew Guard, Wilkes-Barre; Al- 
fred King, Wilkes-Barre; William J. Powell, Wilkes-Barre; Thomas 
D. Evans, Wilkes-Barre; John S, Jones, Wilkes-Barre; Edward 
Leonard, Wilkes-Barre; David T. Kichards, Wilkes-Barre; William 

D. Jones, Wilkes-Barre; Thomas Martin, Edwardsdale; John H. 
Edwards, Edwardsdale; Daniel Jones, Edwardsdale; James F. Gil- 
dea, Ashley; John P. Boase, Aavoca; Thomas Vinton, Plains; John 

E. Richards, Plymouth ; William x4.rthur, Plymouth ; David D. Davis, 
Plymouth; David M. Evans, Kingston; Joseph E. Evans. Kingston; 
Matthew Nash, Nanticoke; Charles E. Morgan, Wanamie; Morgan 
Phillips, Christopher; David J. Davis, Christopher; Thomas J. Mor- 
gans, Christopher; Richard D. Evans, Christopher; William J. Jones, 
Pittston; David Lewis, Sugar Notch; Alexander Hair, Wyoming. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

John S. Davies, Dorranceton; Edward Foulkes, Wilkes-Barre; 
Morgan D. Jones, Wilkes-Barre; Luke F. Halley, Wilkes-Barre; 
Llewellyn Lloyd, Wilkes-Barre; John -Feldman, Wilkes-Barre; David 
Simmons, Wilkes-Barre; Benjamin Turner, Wilkes-Barre; John R. 
Davis, Wilkes-Barre; William H. Owen, Wilkes-Barre; Clifton Wil- 
liams, Wilkes-Barre; William J. Nickolas, Edwardsdale; Morris 
Hughes, Edwardsdale; Patrick A. Grady, Ashley; Elwood Gross, 
Plymouth; George A. Bpare, Plymouth; David T. Richards, Ply- 
mouth; David Jenkin, Plymouth; John E. Jones, Plymouth; George 
A. Bound, Kingston; Henry Coates, Yates; William J. Walters, Nan- 
ticoke; William S. Davis, Nanticoke; William Davis, Nanticoke; 
John M. Wilde, Nanticoke; John Bryant, Nanticoke; George H. 
Dyer, Nanticoke; William Summers, Alden Station; Walter L. Mor- 
gan, Wanamie; William X. Jones, Nanticoke; Bernard F. McGrane, 
Sugar Notch; L. S. Reese, Westmoor; Plugh E. Hughes, Peeley; 
John C. Parry, Wilkes-Barre. 



OFFICIAL, DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Eighth Anthracite District 



LUZERNE COUNTY 



Plymouth, Pa., February 15, 1904. 
Hon. James E. Koderiek, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor of lierewith transmitting to you my tirst 
report as Inspector of Mines for the Eighth Anthracite District, for 
tlie year ending December 81, 1903. 

The year ^vas one of unusual activity. Tlie production amounted 
to 0,334,962 tons, an increase of 1,438,901 tons over the production 
from the same number of mines in 1901, ^yllen the total was 4,896,001 
tons. The number of tons mined for each fatal accident in 1901 Avas 
148,335. In 1903 the number of tons mined for each fatal accident 
inside was 180,999; for each non-fatal accident 60,333. The total 
number of fatal accidents was 37. The report contains the usual 
td^bles of statistics and a brief description of the condition of the 
mines. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

D. T. DAVIS, 
Inspector. 



( 281 ) 
22 



282 REPCaiT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Eighth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 37 

Number of mines in operation, 37 

Number of tons of coal produced, 6,334,902 

Number of tons shipped to market, 5,783,353 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 92,248 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 459,361 

Number of persons employed inside tlie mines, 8,246 

Number of persons employed outside, 3,187 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 35 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 180,999 

Number of persons emplo^-ed per fatal accident inside,. . 236 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 2 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 1,593 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 21 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 33 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside the mines, 104 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 79 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 15 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 212 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 5 

Number of electric motors used inside, 6 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 37 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 36 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 1 

Number of new mines opened, 1 



No. 12. ETGIITH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 283 



TABLE A.— Eighth Anthracite Disti-ict, 1J)0;*,. 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

Lehigh and Wilkcs-Barre Coal Company, 1,084, SD.'J 

Delaware and Hudson Company, 1,258,591 

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Kailrojul Company, 808,157 

Parish Coal Company, 808,771 

Kingston Coal Company, 020,679 

West End Coal Company, 483,907 

Plymouth Coal Company, 220,492 

George F. Lee Coal Company, 03,851 

North American Coal Company, 310,778 

Old Plymouth Coal Company, 59,511 

West Nauticoke Coal Company, . . . 3,272 

Total, 6,334,902 

Production by Counties 

Luzerne, 0,334,962 



284 



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No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT. 



289 



TABLE G.— Eighth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 

















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TABLE H.— Eighth Anthracite District, 1903. 
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19—12—1903 



290 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP -MINES 



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nj 

6 


d : 
u : 

rt : 
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: 

c • 

OJ ■. 

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i-I ' 
V • 

B ■ 

l| 

Si 

3 


E 





No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



295 



C^.ll 


1 X 








Tj. 




1 r-t 




1 


■ II 


1 




II 


1 ^ 




II 


11^- 




II 


II S 




1! 


N-' 




II 
II 


U 




II 
11 


lis" 
IIS 




II 


II 


-<!! 


lien 


II 


lis 


II 


II 




1 


ir- 




1 


j 



gj 


s 










XA 


CM 


M 


cj 


m 


s 


CO 


s 



lloo 

ii;^ 



II lis 



',": II 



51 ?; 

c ^ £ 



SSSiS'-' 



> t- OO P3 C^ 



30 <^o<;>o 



O 2 r- 

,-1 O .Ti 



S'rt'iHcoeoeo 



J(M iHr-l iH 






Oco-^QOt- cecoco-rfo 



1^ g jg 22 



Ss oo O -"^^ tr^ O 



fSSE 



33333 = 33333 



a " 3 



O 






■S2J!Sx:-g 



cU 2 JJ 
r- 3 rt 



^ — — 
0; <U OJ 






fkW; 



5fc. 









296 



IllJPC'RT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



sJossa-KlLuoo aiB 30 jsqiunjsi 


<?^tH 






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1 


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No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



297 



M 


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11 : : 


:il c, 
: II 
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: 1 1 


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Ml 
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ill s 

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II 


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Sll III 

II c^-ll 

I! II 


11 
1 
1 

1 


: 11 

ill 
: 11 


II oil -H 

11 ill :? 
II II 3 
II II " 


tH 


^ 1 ci^ 


1 


CO « 


11 


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"1 1= 




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1 


O S S S <= 1 !'= II S 

L*^ iCJ cr> ^- T-H t^ -^ 

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S 


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gll gll u\\ §11 §11 ^1 11 g 

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30 rH t-OL 

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;u^ lf3Oi0>5rtiMrI<aitOr-< 



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23 



29S 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINDS 



Off. Doc. 



apisino puB apisui \-evn Pubjo 



»P!S}no ii3;ox 



saXoidiua a^mo nv 



sijaap puB sjadaaji-jtooa 



(U3LU) S.ISJiOKl ajBI; 



(s;?oq) sjajjoid ajBig 



uauiajy puB sjaauiSua 



sjajuadjBO puB snjiuis^iOBia 



uauiaaoj apis^no 



sjuapua:juijadns 



SpiSUI 113;0i 



saj«0[di.ua Jaiijo nv 



uaiu Xu-Bdiuoo 



uaiuduinj 



sj9d[aii puB s^oq-aooQ 



sjauunj puB SJaAijQ 



saajoqBi .sjsuik 



sjauij\[ 



s;ub;s!ssb pire sassoq aai^ 



uamajo.j aurui juejsissv 



uatuajoj au!jv[ 



--n 



3 -^ (3:)C9 o 



ic oo cQ in 
C<1 (M i-icq 



I II 






(M C4 -MM 



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,-H CT:> OS CO -^ \ <T, \ 






! :|1 



t-M ^ lO 153 



13 ^ il 



O t^ <^ ■* T-H 



T-M CO ^ CQ 



»H Cvl tH l-H iH t- 



M (M ■:rt^ 00© 



tfi CO 00 O 00 






N tSl N c^ 
3 3 3 P 



3 3 3 3 3 3 



M ^- C o C 

J =* .° 5i 5 



Ka 



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■^33333^- 
M o o o o o g 

E H £ S S-^ 



sss 



S II 

II 



1-itH CO 



sll 



pill 



rH T-( cc» 



N N 

3 3 



ft p:<! 



No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



299 



'^11 



^J3 



II "^ 



CO 03 in 



T? M - II 1-1 



Sll 



II 



II 



°\\ s!! s 



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5 s 



i-H -X* 



(M-«t« <£) 



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c^ll 



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'O'O 

c c 
KW 






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01 >> 



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tSP 



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S??3 M-M'-s^-^rt-ccxxjirt Im I 










C^M t-lrHrH 


|s 












|g S|gSSs:3§SS 1 






1- 




WOO Irt CO 05 Cq <M rH »H tH rH "^ 




O OO M • a> t-- CD GO • CJ 


i 






i 




gS SSJ^SS*^'^^ 


3 






1 M 






1 2 




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1. 




; • • •H rod T-H • I,-i 


h 




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s 












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n 




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N 




Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 

Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 
Luzerne, 






























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wanna 




c 


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and W 
re and 
re, Lac 


n Coal 
Coal C 
nd Coal 
th Coal 
F. Lee 
America 
mouth 


< 
5 Z 








: ^ 






5p: 








3 « 




1 



300 



P..I.PORT GF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. D:c. 



aaqiu3}(39S 



;snSnv 



iinr 



Xbh 



luclv 



jCiBiuqa^ 



w| 



S| 



t-iHOO 



1--OT 
C5 tSJ i-H i-H 



ci II 

^11 
II 



00 II t-001 

3,1! ;*^ = 



rH O O t- 



-n r, ;h ^i | 



I ^.^ . 

II C^ OQ iH C 



CM C-1 ?5 .-i 



t- CO CO t- 
Tt4 CO CO CO 

i-( ca iM ca 



c<i \\ t^cqu^co 



'^'^T-icq M II o (^^ CO tH 

'ii 



j^gaj 



«3 tT"-! i(^ 
M '/j C^l ^ 



CD tJ* 00 la 

iH N CO a 



i9| ss 



II 



II 



O d) tV <D 
CSl ^3 N N 

3 3 3 3 



; c o g <J 



5 3 3- 



[S3 tS] 

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1-1 hJ 



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iJJ 



If! 



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II 



s'l 



ISO 



No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



301 





r-l 


^1| 


^ 


1 




O 


SI 


1 
1 


SI 
1 

1 


"* 




y 


■i* 


«. 1 


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u. 


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i^l 


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tH 


i-i 




1 


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11 






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M 


<j> 


<ji 


ira 


tQ 




00 


05 


n 


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II 

«ll 


11 




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II 






in 


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oo 


03 


d 






b- 












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1 


1 






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ir, 1 


-il 


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W 


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1 








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II 



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r\ 



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6 




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j; 


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c 


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3 t- Ift tfi C3 -^ Ci^ lA 



15.5 
20.9 
14 
14.9 
15.2 
18.3 
18.2 
9.9 


;5' 


19.5 
12.9 

6.2 
11.3 
18.9 
20.3 
16.4 

9.5 


'«i* 


18.2 
18.7 
17.6 
18.5 
19.4 
19.3 
17.9 
8.8 


^■^ 


19. S 

20.1 

21.9 

19.8 

18.5 

21.8 

20 

12.1 


CO 


20.1 

23.7 

22 

19.8 

18.5 

18.4 

17.9 

15.9 


•«i< 


23.4 

22 

20.3 

20 

20.8 

20 

14.2 


i 



?,SSg2SSJ3 


S 


21.2 
21.2 
21.7 
20.8 
IS.S 
19.5 
19.4 
15.5 


^ 


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21. S 

11.5 

23 

22.9 

22.7 

17.8 

10.3 


^ 



r^ M CC Oi CO O t 
I-l 71 T-l i-H r-t Csl T 



J 00 00 Ift CO tH t- 
^ :d -^ cd C-1 -^ CO tH 
I ci tH eq C<1 M r-1 c<l 



CD I 



O) 0) <U q^ I 



NNNNNNNtSS 



<'^ rt C^„ O g -IJ 
Q_, U 0/ --^ rf ► ,1? OJ 



302 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



OfC. Doc. 



suBqcIjo JO 


JsquinN 


SAlOpiM. JO 


jaqiunM 


SlSUIS JO 


paijjBjAt 




aSY 



uoi^Bdnooo 



iCltlBUOIJBN 



junppoi3 JO ajBd 



u 

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;=;i-5 






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Bs do, 



^ b! d p. 3 



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t, ■-■-I-' o 

t, a. 

'=2 St; '3 



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No. 12. 



EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



SOI 



-d 


•O 


to 


r. 


r. 


r. 




5 

n 




C 


V 

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2 


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w o o 

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IS 

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o 


o 


o 
o 


c 
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0) 

3 
C 




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<iJo 


ilO 














t; r' 






Cl 




d^SS; 


o d J:; o£i 
o o B,— 


cj 


-;=^ 




aid ^5 cs 








— — rS "d"?! 


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c > 
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cl 


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o ^a. 


Inst 
Fat 

Ju 
Inst 
Inst 
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ca 


SSI'S -a 


c 






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308 ]:i:roRT of the department of mines ■.nf. Doc. 

Fatal Accidents— By Falls of Coal, Slate aud Koof. 

David J. Williams, miner, was fatally injured March 11, by a fall 
of rock in Orchard vein No. 3 shaft, Kingston. He Avas in the act of 
barring down some top rock and while so doing a large i)iece fell on 
him and crushed him. 

Samuel Rogers, miner, was instantly killed March 12, by a fall of 
rock at Wanamie. He was robbing pillars in the Ross vein. The 
place was well timbered, but a piece of rock fell from within a small 
enclosure of two props and killed him. 

Edward Katoski, laborer, was instantly killed March 23, by a fall 
of top coal in Red Ash vein of Nottingham colliery. Two large 
slips running in opposite directions and ending at the same point in 
the roof fell, displacing about six sets of timber. The victim and 
his miner were tamping a hole in the face of chamber when the fall 
occurred. The miner fortunately escaped with a slijUit injury. 

John Nowzavich, miner, was fatally injured by a fall of coal in 
Bennett vein, I'arrish colliery, July 0. The miner in the next cham- 
ber notified him that they were about to fire in the cross-heading. 
The victim retreated to the foot of chamber, but through some un- 
accountable manner went back to the face of chamber, just as the 
shot went off. A large piece of coal fell from the rib, due to a slip, 
and pinned him against the car. The crosscut had several yards to 
go before breaking through. 

Joshua Steever, miner, and I'eter Cook, laborer, were instantly 
killed by a fall of rock in Red Ash vein No. 5, Delaware and Hudson 
Company, August 26. Steever was known to be a very careful 
miner and a most practical one. He had just fired a blast in the top 
bench in the left corner of his chamber. The driver was waiting on 
the branch to take him up an empty car. Both men were engaged 
in cleaning some coal off the road when a fall of rock occurred. The 
rock which approximately weighed about 100 tons was in reality a 
geological freak. It resembled the stump of a giant tree with its 
vast roots shooting out in every direction while on top marks plainly 
visible of branches as large as ordinary sized trees, lying zigzag. 
The rock fell due to a slip almost circular in shape. 

Adam Jadamis, laborer, was instantly killed June 5, by a fall of 
coal in Red Ash vein, T\'oodward colliery. The top coal was full of 
slips and the chamber was double timbered and lagged, but the 
miner apparently did not realize the condition of the roof, and per- 
mitted himself to drive a considerable greater distance between the 
last set of timber and the face of chamber. 

Mario Profire, miner, was instantly killed June 6, by a fall of rock 
at West End colliery. He had fired a blast which knocked out a ^et 



No. 12. EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 309 

of tiiubt'r ^^lu'll ;i fall of i-oclc took ])Iac('. Wliilc < Ican'mjj; this fall a 
second one occurred, \vitli the above result. 

Tliomas Tu^h, niinei', was instantly killed June 20, by a fall of rock 
iji the Bennett vein, Woodward colliery. lie realized that a loose 
piece of rock between the mining bench and top coal was treacher- 
ous. His laborer told him that while he would be drilling the hole 
underneath it there would be danger of it falling on him, but he 
thought differenl:ly. While he was in the act of driving in the ma- 
chine bar it shook the piece of rock loose and it fell upon him. 

Kichard M. Davis, miner, was fatally injured April 9 at Button- 
wood mine of the Parrish Coal Company, Kidney vein. He was in 
the act of digging a hitch in the bottom in order to set a prop when 
a piece of fire clay fell upon him. He had instructed his laborer 
to keep his hand on the rock and in case of any danger to shout. It 
certainly Avas a mistake in not barring down this piece of rock 
previous to his digging a hi(:cli direct:ly underneath it. 

t>amuel Moreland, miner, ^vas instantly killed April IG, at No. 3 
shaft, Kings! (ni, in Orchard vein. He realized the top rock was bad 
and had set a prop within a few feet of the face of his chamber, but 
a fall of rock occurred between the prop in the face and another 
prop that stood back a considerable distance. 

John McClynn, miner, was fatally injured April 29, by a fall of 
top rock at Kingston No. 3 shaft. He vvas working on the night 
shift and had fired his last shot which knocked out a prop. He pro- 
ceeded to reset it when the rock fell. 

Koman Lauring, was fatally injured June 4, at Boston mine, in 
Ked Ash vein by a fall of top coal. He was undermining the bottom 
bench when a piece of toj) coal fell out against him. 

Abel Reagan, miner, Avas instantly killed October 13, by a fall of 
coal in the Bennett seam at A^'anamie colliery. He was working 
in close proximity to the outcrop. His coal seemed to be in layers 
or slips two or three feet apart across the entire width of his cham- 
ber. He tried to bar down a piece of the top bench, but failing to 
accomplish his task he proceeded to drill a hole beneath it when the 
top coal fell upon him. 

Josej)h Herman, laborer, was fatally injured December 1, in the 
Red Ash vein No. 3, Delaware and Hudson. The colliery was work- 
ing half dajs. His miner went home at 11.-10 A. M., leaving the 
victim to load tlie last car. While doing so a large lump of slate 
and coal slid from rib and pinned him to the car. How he managed 
to extricate himself from so narrow a space is a miracle, or how long- 
he worked to free himself no one knows. However he ])roceeded 
back to his box, secured his overcoat, threw it over his shoulders, 
returned to the fact of ihe place h<^ was woi-king, adjust(Ml his 
shovel against the rib foi- a head rest and laid down. H(^ was dis- 



310 KrPOIlT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES OOi. Doc. 

covered dead at 12 o'clock midnight by ciniiio^es of tlie colliery v.lio 
went in search for him. 

By Cars 

David Eoberts, slopeman, was fatally injured January 23, at Not- 
tingham colliery. He was endeavoring to make a flying switch on 
the head of the Eoss slope with an ash car. 

Reese Owens, driver, was fatally injured March 4, by being 
squeezed between loaded cars and rib in Nottingham colliery, Eed 
Ash vein. He was coming out of gangwaj^ seated on the head end 
of a loaded ear engaged in conversation with the runner who occu- 
pied the other bumper, when the accident occurred. 

Leslie Nuss, trackman, was fatally injured April 13, in Red Ash 
vein, West End colliery. He was engaged in tending foot of Rock 
plane. A loaded trip became derailed at the latches while descend- 
ing and he ran out of the safety hole to signal the engineer to stop, 
when he was caught betvreen the trip and rib. 

Michael Washilision, driver, was fatally injured April 17, at Not- 
tingham colliery. He was endeavoring to unhook his team from a 
loaded trip. His team not giving him sufficient slack, he continued 
in this manner until he was caught by both trips. 

John Ward, laborer, was instantly killed May 12, by a runaAvay 
trip of cars in Red Ash vein No. 2 colliery, Delaware and Hudson 
Company. He was laboring in slope airway. They pulled his 
loaded car out by tail rope. Ward was in the habit of hooking and 
unhooking the tail rope at a point where it was convenient for the 
main slope trip to be coupled to the car. He stood out on the main 
slope while the trip was descending. A coupling broke atl0^vttlg 
two cars to run back which caught him against the pillar. 

David Davis, laborer, was fatally injured June 15, in Red Ash 
vein, Boston colliery, Delaware and Hudson Company. He was 
tending two doors in close proximity to each other. While in the 
act of opening his second door he was run down by a loaded trip. 
The per cent, of grade was very small. The supposition is that he. 
permitted the trip to get too close to him before he opened door 
No. 1. 

John Strand, runner, was instantly killed August 24, at No. 3 
shaft, Kingston. He was riding down a counter on the headend of 
a loaded trip, his lamp went out, and it was thought that he fell off 
and the trip passed over him. 

Dante Vitalli, laborer, was instantly killed September 3, at West 
End colliery. He was on his way home and had walked up the man- 
way with others. At a point 30 feet below the apex of main slope 
he proceeded to cross when he was hurled to one side by an as- 
cending loaded trip. 



No. 12. EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 311 

Albert Hussey, driver, was instantly killed December 24, in Ben- 
nett vein, Tarrish mine. It is supposed that in attempting to get 
on the head end of a loaded car, whicli his team was pulling out of 
a chamber branch, he lost his hold and came in contact with a close 
rib and car. 

By Powder 

John Piavitch, miner, at Lance, was fatally burned by a spark 
dropping into a keg of powder causing an explosion. He died at the 
hospital on May 30. I have frequently called attention to the 
danger of making cartridges of powder while the naked lights are 
on their heads, and have positively prohibited them under penalty 
of the law from sO' doing, but a wonderful amount of carelessness ex- 
ists among the men in this respect. 

By Cai's — Outside 

Andrew Bradcock, loader, was running a 100,000 capacity steel 
car under the breaker in No. 2, Delaware and Hudson Company. 
He jumped otf the rear end of the car, and running on the platform 
endeavored to jump on the side of the car to get inside. He was 
caught by the timber that supports the pockets, and so badly 
squeezed that he died the following day at the hospital. 

By Machinery — Outside 

William Wilson, breaker sweei)cr, at Avondale, was found dead 
under the screen by one of tlie slate picker boys. No one was able 
to tell how he was caught by re ^olvin;;' screen. It was stated at 
inquest that his work did not call liim there at that particular time. 
The screens were protected. The manner in which they discovered 
Wilson was, the coal had blocked up at the screen, and upon in- 
vestigating they found his body directly underneath. He must have 
been killed instantly. 

By Premature Blasts 

Andrew Kondrack, miner, Xo. 4 shaft, Delaware and Hudson Com- 
pany, was working in a chamber on the pitch. He applied his lamp 
to the match and before he reached a place of safety the shot went 
off, one large piece of coal striking him on the head killing him. 
This is about the third time that Kondrack had been struck by fly- 
ing coal from blasts. It Avas customary for him to retreat to a place 
where he could see the shot goinu' oiT. 



312 Ili:POIiT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINE'S Off. Doc. 

Michael Wright, miner, No. 3, Dehxware and fludson Comj)auy, 
was in the act of firing a blast, and before he could get away from 
the fact of his chamber, it exploded, killing him instantly. Wright 
was a miner of about 40 j^ears experience. 

John P. Burke, miner. No. 5, Delaware and Hudson Company, was 
driving a cross heading. He sent his laborer back with the tools and 
to warn the other men that he was about to fire. The laborer had 
just reached the chamber road and a very short distance below the 
cross-cut when the shot went off. Burke did not have the slightest 
chance to get away from the blast. He was most horribly mangled. 
He was known to be a very practical miner, the writer having known 
his serving in this capacity for 25 years. 

By Falling Down Shafts 

George Machinski, laborer was engaged in tending foot of shaft. 
They had finished hoisting from the bottom or Ked Ash vein and 
commenced to hoist from the Orchard vein. IMachinski, with one 
other person, was engaged on one side of the shaft in handling 
empty cars, while two men were on the opposite side of the shaft 
running loaded cars on the cage. One car not running a sufficient 
distance on the cage, to enable the block to be properly adjusted, 
they called on Machinski who was pushing an empty car, to help ad- 
just the one on the carriage. However, he continued to push his car 
to its place on the branch, during which time the men who handled 
the loaded cars properly {jlaced the car on the carriage, gave the 
signal to hoist and returned to run in another loaded. In the mean- 
time Machinski returning to the shaft and seeing the loaded car 
still standing on the cage thought it was not properly adjusted. He 
proceeded to place his back to the car and while in this position the 
cage was hoisted, permitting him to fall down the shaft when he 
was instantly killed. 1 would advise all foremen when they are 
short of foottenders not to substitute in their place men who are 
not acquainted with the handling of cars, but only those who are 
acquainted with this kind of work. It was very evident that Ma- 
chinski was a stranger to this work. 

Samuel Honey, miner, at G vein No. 2, Delaware and Hudson Com- 
pany, was instantly killed February 3, by being crushed between 
cage and roof of landing. A cage load of men was about to be 
hoisted and he was the la^t man to step on. As he did so the cage 
was hoisted, crushing him against the roof of the landing. He fell 
down the shaft. At the inquest it developed that no signal had 
been given to hoist. This was sworn to by the boss foot-man and 
the men who were on the cage. The engineer, Charles Bittenbender, 



No. 12. EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 313 

swore that he received a sij^iial, one whistle, to lioist coal. How- 
ever, tlie jury placed the blame on the eugiiieer. 

William K. Jones, company men, at Nottingham, was killed May 
28. He was on the night shift and with others was getting on the 
cage to be lowered, when in some nnaccountable means*the cage was 
hoisted, throwing Jones down the shaft, killing him instantly. It 
was stated at inquest that a cage load of men just hoisted to land- 
ing, and before they had an opportunity of stepping oft", the night 
shift men crowded on. The head tender stated he saw some one 
through the rush take hold of signal wire. The engineer, Jolin 
Davis, wlien sworn staled that he received a signal to hoist. The 
company was censured for not having appliances for return signals. 

By Explosions of Gas 

Thomas Anthony, bratticeman, at Avondale, was fatally burned 
September 30, by an explosion of gas in fourth east lift, fifth slope, 
Ross vein. The colliery was idle on that date. Anthony was en- 
gaged in repairing main door on this lift. He went into the face 
of the gangway to borrow some tools. After he was through he 
returned them to the face, and on his way out on the main gangway 
road he ignited a small quantity of gas. He seemed to be burned 
slightly, but he died at his home on October 7. 

Anthony Cominski, laborer, at Nottingham colliery, was fatally 
burned December 21, by an explosion of gas. He was engaged with 
four others in placing a truciv of timber on the track in a chamber. 
A slight explosion of gas took place in tlie first chamber in the lift. 
In a short time the second explosion occurred in the chamber were 
Cominski and four others were engaged with the timber. The fire- 
boss records showed that this last chamber was free from gas. It 
evidently appears that an accumulation of gas must have taken place 
in this chamber. The force of the first explosion dislodging it and 
carrying it down upon them. Cominski died December 20 at the 
hospital. 

By Mules 

Edward Hagle, driver. No. 4 shaft, Delaware and Hudson Com- 
pany, was kicked by a mule January 29, causing a fracture of the 
skull. He died at his home on the following day. 

David R. Dare, doorboy, at No. 3, Delaware and Hudson Company, 
was riding on head end of loaded trip when team turned out, caus- 
ing him to fall off. The hind mide fell on him and killed him. 

Condition of Collieries 

Nottingham colliery. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and 
ventilation. 
24 



314 REPOK'J' CF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Lanee colliery. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Eeynolds colliery. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Wanamie IS. — In safe condition; drainage and ventilation fair. 

Wanamie 19. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventila- 
tion. 

Plymouth No. 2. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Plymouth No. 3. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Plymouth No. 4. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Plymouth No. 5. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ven- 
tilation. 

Boston. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventilation. 

West End. — In safe condition; drainage and ventilation fair. 

Dodson. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventila- 
tion. 

Woodward. — Condition good a§ to safety, drainage and ventila- 
tion, 

Avondale. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventila- 
tion. 

Parrish. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventilation. 

Buttonwood. — Condition good as to safety, drainage and ventila- 
tion. 

Kingston No. 2. — In safe condition; drainage and ventilation fair. 

Kingston No. 3. — In safe condition; drainage and ventilation fair. 

Gaylord. — In safe condition; drainage and ventilation fair. 

Chauncey. — In safe condition; drainage good, ventilation fair. 

IMPROVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR 

DELAWARE, LACKAWANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY 

Avondale Colliery 

This mine w^as flooded during the year 1902. This great accumu- 
lation of water has now been pumped out and the pumps lost dur- 
ing the flood have been recovered. 

Jersey Mine Fire 

This most disastrous and serious underground contlagration is 
known to the people of this region from one end to the other, on 
which volumes could be written, giving th.o experiences that we have 
met with and the diflficulties we have had to contend with in fighting 



No. 12. EIGHTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 315 

this most dangerous eiieiiiy to the umlorgi'onnd woi-kor. I am glad 
to be able to report to you at this date that we are led to believe 
that we have succeeded in surrounding this affected district with 
incombustible material to prevent further spreading of tlu^ fire, and 
expect to be able to report in the near future that this destructive 
fire lias been taken care of. 

Woodward Colliery 

Outside. — The improvements at this breaker during the year con- 
sist of labor-saving machinery, automatic slate pickers, conveyors, 
elevators, shakers, etc., together with a lo-foot dust fan which is 
materially assisting in improving the conditions at this breaker. 

Inside. — The installation of two 7^ ton electric locomotives, two 
electric hoists. Cooper and Abbot veins have been opened at No. 2 
shaft, which will materially assist in increasing the output of this 
colliery in the future. 

The condition of the collier^' has been improved by a general 
cleaning up, white washing and painting of the buildings, on the 
outside, and the cleaning and ballasting of the roads on. the inside. 

DELAWARE AND HUDSON COMPANY 

Plymouth No. 2 Colliery 

Eeopening Hillman vein, repairs to No. 1 shaft, concreting, etc., 
making branches, etc., at foot of No. 9 plane; electrical machinery 
for lighting this division, buildings, etc., two large boilers added 
to the present boiler plant, extension of boiler house Hillman vein 
improvements; pump room and tunnel; additions to the washery, fifty 
new^ mine cars. 

Plymouth No. 3 Colliery 

Tunnel from bottom to top split of Red Ash vein. Additional com- 
pressor with house additions, etc. Additional boilers; fifty new 
mine cars. 

Plymouth No. 4 Colliery 
Mountain plane in the outcrop, conveyor for fuel to boiler house; 
fifty new mine cars. 

Plymouth No. 5 

Fifty new mine cars; coal conveyor. 

Boston Colliery 

No. 4 plane, bottom to top split Eed Ash; one additional com- 
pressor; compressor house, addition to boiler house; rope haulage 
and extension, 100 new mine cais; chain hoist from tur.iiel to foot 
of shaft. • 



316 I^KrORT OF THE DEPARTilENT OF MIKES . Off. Doc. 

LEHIGH AND WIT.KES-BARRE COAL COMPANY 

Lance Colliery 

Outside. — Duplex air compressor, simple steam, compound air; 
forced fan draft system for boilers, and addition to new boiler house. 

Inside. — No. 18 tunnel, Red Ash to top Red Ash, 15 yards. No. 19 
tunnel, Red Ash to top Red Ash, 15 yards. No. 20 tunnel. Red Ash 
to top Red Ash, 15 yards. No. 21 tunnel. Cooper to Five Foot, 50 
yards. 

Nottingham Colliery 

Outside. — Started erection of neAv breaker; shaft hoisting engines; 
No. 1 slope engines and No. 2 slope engines jjlaced on new founda- 
tions, and new houses erected for the same; colliery supply store; 
colliery shop; extended brick compressor house, for accommoda- 
tion of three stage air compressors. 

Inside. — Eighteen inch by 30 inch hoisting engines and engine 
room in roek, on No. 2 slo})e anticlinal. Puminng plants on 5th, 7th 
and 9th, Red Ash leA^els, remodeled with the addition of two simple 
duplex pumps and two bore holes for water from Ross to Red Ash, 
thereby concentrating all pumping in Red Ash vein. 

Reynolds Colliery 

Outside. — Five hundred 11. P. battery B. & W. boilers. 
Inside. — No. 8 Rock plane, through Red Ash fault, 125 yards. 

Wanamie 

Out'side. — Five hundred H. P. battery B. & W. boilers. 

Inside. — Pumping plant No. G Red Ash slope; extending No. 
slope through rock, 100 yards; No. 11 tunnel, Baltimore to Red Ash 
across basin No. 2 drift, 190 yards. 

PARRISH COAL COMPANY 

Parrish Colliery 

One 8 inch bore hole for flushing; one crusher for crushing slate 
and bone, for flushing; one pair breaker engines; No'. 6 slope ex- 
tended 300 feet; intake air shaft, concreted from surface to rock; 
one 30,000 gallon water tank; one 20,000 gallon water tank. 

Buttonwood 

Tunnel driven from Kidney to Abbot vein about 560 feet; one 35 
foot fan, also fan engine 22x36; one saw engine, etc., for cutting 
prop timber, etc.; outside railroad, plane and engine, for handling- 
timber, etc., from railroad to head of shaft; concrete wall erected 
around coal shaft head, also around boiler house; one 30,000 gallon 
water tank. 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. ■ No. 12. 



Niiitli Anthracite District 



LUZERNE AND CARBON COUNTIES 



ilazletuii, I'a., Fcbriuu y 1^4, 1UU4. 

Hon. James E. Kodeiick. Chief of Departiueiit of Mines: 

Sir: 1 luxAe the honor of submit I inj>- lierewith my annual report as 
Inspector of ]\Iines for the ]yinth Anthracite District for the year 
ending December 31, 1903. 

It contains the nsnal tables, also the ([uantity of coal mined, the 
quantity shipped to market, the number of employes in the dis- 
trict, a list of the fatal and non-fatal accidents, the number of tons 
of coal produced per each fatal and non-fatal accident, and remarks 
on some of the fatal accidents which occurred during the year. The 
improvements made by the several coujpanies will also be found 
embodied in the reijort. 

Kespectfully submitted, 

DAVID J. RODERICK, 

Inspector. 



(317) 



318 REPORT OF -THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Ninth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 98 

Number of mines in operation, 9T 

Number of tons of coal produced, 6,358,127 

Number of tons shipped to market, 5,456,405 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 126,726 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 774,996 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 8,453 

Number of persons employed outside, 6,173 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 34 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 187,004 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside,. 249 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 19 

Number of persons emploj'ed per fatal accident outside, 325 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 31 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 70 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside the mines, 75 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 113 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 22 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 281 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 7 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, 12 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 54 

Number of furnaces used for ventilation, 1 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 35 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 63 

Number of new mines opened, 1 



Xo. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 319 



TABLE A.— Ninth Anthracite District, 1903 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of C()ni}iiinies Tons 

A. Pardee and Company, 471), 140 

Coxe Erotliers and Company, Incorporated, 091,788 

Lehigli Coal and Na^ igation Company, 1,085,102 

G. B. Marlile and Company, 1,091,513 

Lehigh Valley Coal Company, 998,827 

Estate A. S. Van Wickle, ^53,426 

Calvin I'ardee and Company, 318,635 

Pardee Brothers and Company, 340,085 

Upper Lehigh Coal Company, 202,710 

C. M. Dodsou and Company, 220,538 

John S. Wentz and Company, 112.324 

M. S. Kemmerer and-Company, 35,509 

Black Creek Coal Company, 29,203 

Pond Creek Coal Company 10,134 

W. R. McTurk and Company, 14,029 

Thomas R. Reese and Son, 8,498 

Total, 6,358,127 



Production by Counties 

Luzerne, 4,438,405 

Carbon, 1,919,602 

Total, 0,358,127 



320 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 
TABLE G.— Ninth Anthracite District, 1903 



325 



Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 















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TABLE H.— Ninth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 





















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10 
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7 
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1 


6 


7 


16 


28 


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97 





326 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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NINTH VNTHUACITI:: DlSTllICT 



m 




t36 



REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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XUvTlI ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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340 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



OfE. Doc. 



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NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



341 



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REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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350 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Fatal Accidents— P>y Falls of Coal, Slato and Roof. 

By consultiug- Table IV, it will be seen that during the year 1903 
fourteen employes lost their lives through falls of coal, slate and 
roof. Some of these accidents occur not through ignorance of the 
victims, but rather through recklessness on their part. They may 
knov/ that the top is unsafe, but instead of leaving all other work 
and taking it down, they trust that it will stay there a little longer, 
until they load a car or drill a hole. They may go right under it, 
start to drill the hole, when down it comes, fatally injuring or per- 
haps killing them instantly. Miners should stop to consider that 
the most important part of their duty is to take care of themselves 
and their laborers, who are under their charge, and when they find 
that the roof under which they are working is unsafe, they should 
stop all other work and take it do.wn at once. If this was done we 
would have fewer accidents of this kind to record. 

Another very imx)ortant matter I desire to impress on the mind 
of the miner is the fact that when he discovers that his roof is bad 
and he tries to take it down, he should not leave it again until he 
has it down or a set of timber or a prop put under it to make it 
secure. On this point I would say that during the year it has come 
under my observation, when investigating accidents, that a person 
has been killc'd under a piece of top which he knew to be bad and 
earlier in the day had tried to take it down and failed. He left it 
and went about other work, forgetting that during the time he was 
engaged doing other w^ork the piece over his head w-as working all 
the tiliie and becoming weaker the longer it was allowed to stay 
there, and when not expecting it, down it comes, instantly killing or 
fatally injuring the person wlio happens to be under it. The expres- 
sion that they are very ready to make is — ''that the piece fell with- 
out any warning." Now this is not the case, as I claim that the piece 
had been giving warning ever since it was first discovered unsafe and 
if they had put a prop under it, or taken it down at the time, the ac 
cident w^ould have been avoided. One instance of this kind occurred 
at Drifton No. 2. whefe John Binkopski, a Polish miner, lost his life 
by a fall of slate in his breast or chamber. He and another miner 
were working "partners," and when they w'ent in to their work in 
the morning they discovered that there was a crack in the top slate. 
Binkopski tried to pull it down and not being able to do so he called 
his partner, telling him to bring another bar, to see if both of them 
together could not pull it down. This also failed and feeling secure 
they started to make coal for the day. One hole was drilled and 
fired and tjie surviving partner said that after firing this shot they 
again tried the top and found no difference in the condition of the 
roof. He then started to drill another hole and deceased was 



nI). 12. XIXTIl ANTilllACITE DISTRICT 351 

siiuveling cual l;aL-k wIil'H this piece fell, killing him i:i»liuUly. ii 
can readily be seen that had these men persisted in getting it down 
when they knew it to he bad, even if they had to put a shot in it, this 
accident Avould have been avoided. 

Accident Xo. 31), whicli occurred at Eckley, is anotlier instance 
which proves that when a person starts to take a piece dov;n. 
he should not leave it until he has it doAvn. In this case George 
Peckar, a miner, was engaged in robbing pillars. He discovered a 
bad piece of coal hanging over a pillar (according to the testimony 
of his partner) he took a drill and tried to bar it down. It did not 
come down as readily as he thought it v.ould and he decided to drill 
a hole in it and blow it down. About that time an empty car was 
run into their branch and Peckar left the hole and went to assist his 
partner to load same, and.shortly after the piece which he had tried 
to get down fell of its own accord, instantly killing him. Had he 
left the car stand on the branch, or told the driver that he did not 
want a car that trip, and continued drilling his hole and fired it, this 
accident could have been avoided. A very strange thing about these 
accidents by falls is that so many of them occur in small seams, 
where a man can put one hand on the piece which ho is sounding 
while he holds the drill or bar in the other and taps the top. In 
This manner it is easily detected if there is any movement in the 
piece which he is sounding, yet all the a^ccidents which occurred in 
the district by falls, occurred in small seams, where it would be easy 
for them to carry out the above precautions, and I am satisfied if 
they were carried out that the accidents by falls Avould be greatly 
lessened. 

Another strange thing about these accidents is that they occur 
where the roof is not considered very bad, but a fairly good roof, 
and from this fact i would say that the roof not being so bad 
the miner takes chances which he ought not to take. If the roof is 
bad he will not take any chances at all, but will put up a set of 
timber, a prop, or he will take tlie bad roof down at once, because 
he knows that it is not to be trusted. 

By Mine Cars 

Five persons met their death by mine cars underground. The 
first, a young man by the name of Albert Stabert, lost his life by 
being run over by a trip of empty mine cars at Hazleton No. 1. He 
was driving a four mule team and was leaving the bottom of the 
sloj^e with a trip. The team was not going as fast as he thought 
they should go. He placed his lamp on the spreader and ran up 
alongside of the leader to give her a few ruts with the whi]\ ^Yhen 
he had theui going fasi enough he stepi)e,d to th<^ side to wait until 



352 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. EKjc. 

cars came up to liim. His lamp had been thrown off the spreader 
and there was no light except what was thrown from the lamp on 
the lead mule. He attempted to jump on the front end of the 
rapidly moving trip, slipped and fell under, and was instantly killed. 
AYhen he saw that his lamp was gone he should have stepped to one 
side, as there was plenty of room to let the trip pass, and he could 
have easily caught the team after he had picked up his lamp. I 
have often seen drivers place their lamps on front end of car and 
run up alongside of the mules in the dark to stir them up, but I 
never saw any one put his lamp on the spreader for this pur- 
pose. He might have known that the jerking of the spreader 
would throw his lamp off. 

Peter Shovlin, an old miner, while on his way home out the gang- 
way at No. 2 Drifton was fatally injured, he being run down by a 
loaded trip of mine cars. Deceased and his partner were on their 
way out when they encountered a motor trip of twenty-three loaded 
cars which had stopped to push four cars into a branch (the turn- 
out being only able to hold nineteen cars), and were stopped by the 
motor patcher, who had placed sprags in the trip from the fifth 
car back. The patcher after uncoupling the four cars gave the en- 
gineer the signal to pull down and as soon as there was a little space 
between the trip that was moving and the nineteen cars standing, 
Shovlin and his partner stepped out into the road and continued 
their way out. Just then the patcher noticed the nineteen cars 
moving and shouted to them to look out, tliat the trip was coming. 
Shovlin's partner stepped to the side where he was walking and 
saved himself. Shovlin, who was walking on the other side, at- 
tempted to get to the side where his partner was and was knocked 
down by the trip and fatally injured, as stated above. I am of the 
opinion that Shovlin got confused when he heard the patcher shout 
to him, as there was no necessity for him to run across the track, 
he could have stepped to the side which he was on and saved himself. 

Vincent McGlorry, a young door-boy, lost his life in No. 1 shaft, 
Nesquehoning, by being run down by a trip of loaded cars which 
was being pulled out to top of balance shaft. His duty was to tend 
a door which M'as on this gangway, but at the time of accident he 
bad gone in with the driver to assist him, this being the last trip for 
the day. When nearly out to his door he ran ahead, but when passing 
the mules he was pushed by one of them, causing him to fall. He 
hung on to the trace for some distance and was dragged along, but 
the driver was not able to stop the trip in time to save him. His 
hold on the trace slipped and he fell to the side of the road and 
was fatally injured. He was removed to St. Luke's Hospital at Beth- 
lehem, where he died thirty-six hours after the accident. 

Thomas Bowden, an old English miner, was injured between an 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 853 

empty car aud rib al: the bottom of No. 1) slope, Coleraine. He and 
two other men came out to the bottom of slope to be hoisted up. 
Bowden stood on the side of rapper aud through some cause the car 
jumped the track, catching; him as above stated. The injury was 
considered nothiuj^- more than a fractured leg at the time, but re- 
sulted in his death a few days later. 

John McLaughlin met instant death at Xo. 4 Lansford. A loco- 
motive was pushing a • loaded trip into bottom of shaft and de- 
ceased was walkiug on the side of the front car of trij) for the pur- 
pose of spragging trip, the car jumped the track, caught his head 
between car and side, killing him instantly. 

By Explosion of Dynamite and Powder 

Four men lost their lives by the reckless handling of dynamite 
and black powder. One of these, Patrick Burke, an old experienced 
miner, lost his life by a spark from his lamp tlying into a cartridge 
of powder, which he was lllling. He had placed two sticks of dy- 
namite into the cartridge and was tilling it up Avith black powder 
when the spark Hew into it, causing all the dynamite and powder' 
which he had in to explode, killing him instantly. 

John Krasch, a German miner, lost his life by ramming dynamite 
into a hole that was too small to receive it. The hole was drilled 
in the bottom slate and was started by a rock machine, \\lien the 
hole was in about two feet it struck a sulphur ball, whi<-h the ma- 
chine would not drill and they took the machine off and drilled the 
balance of the hole with hammer and steel. The drill which they 
used to finish the hole with had been used for some time and the bit 
was worn smaller than the dynamite and in charging the hole he 
removed the paper from around the sticks of dynamite and rammed 
them into the bottom of hole. In this manner he had placed live 
sticks in the hole, using a heavy scraper, and while ramming the 
sixth stick it exploded the charge, injuring him so badly that he 
died before reaching home. A driver-boy, by the name of Samuel 
Hodgson, was also injured verj^ severely at the same time. He had 
gone into the gangway to see how many cars they wanted for the 
night and was sitting down watching Krasch when the dynamite 
exploded. The laborer, who was back on the gangway gathering 
tamping, escaped with a few slight scratches. 

The other two men who lost their lives by dynamite were Joseph 
Poncare and August Clem.mente. These men were working on the 
night shift, also in a gangway, in No. 5 slope, Hazleton shaft col- 
liery, and in some unknown manner, while charging a hole it ex- 
ploded. I was unable to determine exactl.y how this accident oc- 
curred and referred the matter to a coroner's jury, who also failed 
23—12—1903 



354 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. r>oc. 

to fiud out the cause of the explosion, tliey rendering a verdict^ — 
"That they came to their death in some manner unknown to the 
jury." 

By Blasts, Etc. , 

Three men lost their lives by blasts during flie year. Adam Mac- 
zek, a Kussiau miner, lost his life at Sandy Eun. He with several 
others were engaged in opening up an old gangway which had caved. 
In doing this work they encountered large rocks, which to break 
them into pieces small enough to handle required drilling holes in 
them. Deceased and his partner had drilled four holes in these 
rocks and had charged them ready to fire. Maczek was to light two 
of the holes and his partner the other two (they were using fuse). 
The partner ignited his two shots and ran back to a place of safety. 
Maczek succeeded in lighting one shot and went to the other to light 
it, but this shot did not spit and Maczek waited at the shot trjdng to 
light it as long as he thought it was safe (the other three fuses burn- 
ing) and then lie ran back to where the other men were, thinking that 
he did not light this last shot. He waited there until they heard 
three reports and then he started back to light the hole which he 
thought he had failed to light. The men told him that he had better 
wait awhile to see whether it would not go off, but he would not 
listen and rushed back and got there in time to receive the full 
contents about the head and body, killing him instantly. 

John Markovish, a Hungarian miner, was fatally injured at Cole- 
raine by a blast which blew through a pillar. 1 could readily ex- 
cuse the men in the breast below for this accident. They were w^ork- 
ing a breast from a gangway below the one that the victim and his 
partner were walking out on their way home, and under the in- 
structions of the foreman had drilled a hole eleven and a half feet 
ahead of them and did not strike the gangway. They then drilled 
a four foot hole in another part of the breast, which they thought 
would be perfectly safe in firing, and did so, with the result that the 
whole load of this shot was tliroAAni to the gangway above, fatally 
injuring Markovish, who Avas nearly opposite the place where it 
l>roke through. (The test hole did not go through owing to an 
abrupt curve in tlie gangway above). 

The most fool-hardy act that ever came under my observation was 
accident No. 88, which occurred at Lattimer, when Leonard San- 
tucci met his death through a rash net of his own, he trying to fire 
a four foot hole with two feet of fuse that he might save a penny. 
He ignited the fuse before inserting it into the hole, then ramming 
live cartridges of tamping in after it, and before he left the place the 
charge went off, fatally injuring him. Hoav to prevent acciflenta 
when men Avill take chances of this kind is beyond my comprehen 



iNo. 12. XINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 355 

sion. This was indeed a very fortunate accidoit, if it «au be called 
an accident, foi- his laborer had only got below the check battery 
or he would have received the same fate. A driver wlio was passing 
at the time had a very narrow escape from being injured by flying 
coal. The men working close by ran up into the breast, expecting to 
find his lifeless body, but it was not to be found up in the breast. 
They then looked on the gangway and could not tind it there. The 
driver then went out and found him on a truck, where he had been 
thrown from the breast when the shot went oil' while the trip was 
passing. He died on the way to the hospital. 



Bv Falling into Shafts and Slopes 

Tw^o men lost their lives under the above heading. John Kosh, a 
Polish laborer, lost his life by a flagrant violation of the mine law, 
in attempting to get on a cage in excess of the lawful number at 
the counter of the underground shaft of the Spring Brook colliery. 
Deceased, with two others, had come out to the shaft and was 
waiting to be hoisted up. A cage load of men came up the shaft 
and the engineer had a signal to go all the way through. One of 
these men gave the signal to stop the cage at the counter and when 
the cage arrived at that point the men standing there were told 
by the men on the cage "to let it go up, that there was a load on," 
meaning ten men, but notwithstanding this the two men on the 
other side from the bell wire attempted to get on, but Kosh, not 
being properly on the cage when it started up, vras caught by the 
llrst set of timber above the counter and pulled off, falling to the 
bottom. When picked up he was dead. 

The other victim was a young man by the name of August Bechtel, 
Jr., who fell down a balance plane in Xo. 1 tunnel, Nesquehouiug. 
His duties w^ere on the side where the loaded car is run on to cage 
to bump the empty car off, but just prior to the accident he was 
called to the other side to assist a driver to jjush some empty cars 
which were blocked. When going over to the empty car- side he 
used the regularly traveled way, but when returning he walked 
into the plane. How he came to do this is a mystery. The only 
way that I can account for his doing this is that he must have for- 
gotten himself. The foreman had placed a man with him to ac 
quaint him with the w'ork that he w^as expected to do. and was tc 
remain a few days with him, but, unfortunately, he met his deatL 
the second day. The plane has a pitcji of Go degrees and is two hun- 
dred and ten feet long. He struck the cage, which was at the bot- 
tom, and was injured so badly tliat lu' died shortly after the acci- 
dent. 



U6 REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Suffocated by Coal 

Two men lost their lives by being suffocated by coal underground, 
one an old miner by the name of Thomas Clemmens. He and his 
boy were engaged mining coal in a stripping at Lansford No. 9. A 
side chute was driven of£ of main chute, which was also driven 
through to the stripping, and it was while going up this side chute 
that a rush of coal came down, caused by a heavy down pour of rain 
on the outside. Had they known how much coal was coming they 
could have stood where they were and would have been safe, but 
they made an effort to get into the main chute and were caught in 
the rush, the father going down into the chute, covered with coal and 
suffocated. The boy threw his arm around a prop and saved him- 
self. 

Another miner, by the name of Ferdinand Bonnan, met his death 
by a rush of coal which caught him by starting a battery in a breast 
in East Buck Mountain tunnel, and before he could be rescued life 
was extinct. This life could have been saved had one of the men had 
presence of mind and kept the coal from his face to allow him to 
breathe. 

By Mine Fires 

Lansford No. 4 Fire. — On June 17th fire was discovered in No. 8 
breast, curve gangway from east gangway of No. 4 slope. A party 
of men were at once put to work to try and extinguish it — one party 
to carry water up in buckets while the other party put the water 
on the fire. This was done to stop the progress of the fire until the 
men who were engaged laying a pipe line would reach the seat of the 
fire with water from the pumps, which are located near the bottom 
of the slope. This work was accomplished on Sunday the 21st. A line 
of pipe was run up in No. 8 breast and another up No. 7 breast. The 
line in No. 7 breast was to put water on the fire from above and the 
line in No. 8 was to extinguish the fire after it was pulled down to 
the batter3\ On Sunday night a party of men, composed of Richard 
West, assistant general inside foreman (who had charge of the 
party); John Black, assistant mine foreman; Daniel Lewis, a miner; 
John Fornagle, a miner, and several others, were engaged fighting 
the fire from No. 8 breast. Between nine and ten o'clock, through 
an oversight of some member of the party, the force of water from 
the hose was turned on to a large body of raging fire and imme- 
diately an explosion of some kind occurred, fatally scalding West, 
Black, LcAvis and Fornagle, atid seriously scalding Joseph Pasco, 
John Vitick and Fritz Laubach. This accident could have been 
avoided had these men continued to pull the fire down to the battery 
and cooling it off, or if they wanted to direct the water on to the 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 357 

body of tlio firo, tlie}- should have turned the water off, pointed the 
nozzle where they wanted, fastened it there, and gone down to the 
gangway and turned on the water, remaining on the gangway until 
they were satisfied that the water was not reaching the tire. They 
could then have gone up a&d pointed the nozzle in another direction 
and done the same thing over. If this had been done I am s.atis- 
fied that the accident would not have occurred. This was the 
method adopted after the accident and it worked successfully, but 
these things show themselves very plainly after the accident has 
occurred. 

By Cars Outside of Mines 

Jerry Werley lost his life at Lansford No. G. nis duty was to 
run the cars after being loaded to the bottom of the refuse plane. 
One car had been run out from under the rock chute until the other 
car would be loaded and when he ran the second car out he bumi)ed 
it against the first car. He then started both cars toward the bot- 
tom of the plane and shortly after starting them he discovered that 
he had not coupled tliem together. lie got between the cars, ])lac- 
ing a knee on each bumper, and reached down to try and catch the 
coupling, which was dragging. The front car reached a heavier 
grade and gained on the second car, causing the space to become 
too large for him to reach in the position in which he was, and before 
he could get a hold with his hand he fell in between the cars, the 
second car pushing him ahead until he reached a switch, where he 
became fast and the car ran ui)on him, injuring him so badly that 
h^ died the next day. 

August Piatt was instantly killed on April 1st by a small locomo- 
tive truck, on which he was riding to his work from No. 5 slope over 
to Hazleton shaft 'breaker, colliding with a Lehigh Valley Railroad 
Company train of cars being pushed into the breaker siding at about 
G.30 A. M. At a point near the breaker the small locomotive track 
crosses the L. V. R. R. track to the breaker on grade. The first car 
of the railroad train was a large fifty-ton capacity car, and had the 
engineer of the smtill locomotive been looking ahead I think he 
could have easily seen the cars being pushed up into the siding. 
Again, it was an unusually early hour for the railroad people to 
send a train into the breaker, and from this fact I think they should 
have sent a flagman to watch the crossing when they were pushing 
their train up, as they knew this was done during the day, and as 
this train was being pushed up before the men of the coal company 
were on duty. They should have looked to this. In the collision 
the small truck on which Piatt and others were riding was thrown 
over, killing Piatt, as above stated. Notices are posted in all the 
locomotives of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company prohibiting the rid- 



3r,8 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Uoc. 

ing of any person, other than those whose duty calls them to do so, 
and had this notice been obej-ed, the accident Avould not have hap- 
pened. 

Joseph Clirist, a hiborei' on stripping, was fatally injured in at- 
tempting to cross a track in front of a "loaded stripping car which 
was being pulled out from the steam shovel. He alone could have 
avoided the accident. This occurred at the stripping of N. J. Cuyle 
& Son, No, 6, Hazleton. 

Frank Petro, another laborer on stripping at Beaver Meadow, 
whose duties were to run cars into steam shovel, was fatally in- 
jured by stepping to the middle of the track to a'pply the brake on a 
car which was moving before he was ready. Two other cars fol- 
lowed in, which he did not notice, and he was caught between the 
bumpers and fatally injured as above stated. 

James McNealis, a young man engaged as topman at one of the 
planes of the stripping operations of T. A. Gillespie «S: Co., met an 
untimely 'death by being crushed under cars, and was so badly in- 
jured that he died four hours later at the hospital. On this plane a 
locomotive and three loaded stripping cars were being hoisted, the 
locomotive being in the rear, so as to be ready to keep the cars go- 
ing after reaching the top of the plane. The deceased jumped on 
front end of the train when it came to toj) of plane and rode for 
some distance, until the locomotive reached the apex, then tlirew 
the rope to one side and jumped off. In jumping he landed on a 
piece of coal (which was allowed to remain too close to the track), 
which threw him back against the cars, which knocked him down 
and. injured him as above stated. The matter was referred to a 
coroner's inquest, w'ho censured the company for not having more 
light on top of plane, so the boy could see where he was jumping 
in alighting from the car after throwing the cteiin. The accident 
occurred at night time. 

David Williams, a laborer, was instantly killed by being crushed 
between two gondolas under the Hazleton shaft breaker. Deceased 
and a man by the name of Henry Black well were trying to bar an 
emjjty gondola from over tlie condemned coal pit. Williams had 
been using the bar and was unable to move the car and Blackwell 
told him to give him the bar, which Williams did. Blackwell stood 
at the side of the track barring, the deceased standing in the middle 
of the track watching him. The car runner (who did riot know that 
they intended to bar the car olf the pit) had gone up to run a loaded 
car of condemned coal down to be placed on the pit, and the brake 
being on the back end of car, he was unable to see the men who 
were trying to bar the other car away. Williams, as mentioned 
before was standing in the centre of track w^atching Blackwell, and 
was caught between the two draw-hej^dg, crushing out his life in mi 



So. \1. NINTH ANTilUAClTE DISTtllCT :;r)9 

instant. The viw was luu do\\ii quicker tiian they exijected, or else 
die-}- foi'got that the car I'lmner had gone up to run a car down. It 
was ail unusual thing for them to bar a car ott' of the pit, as it was 
iheir custom to bump them olf, but owing to another car standing 
a short distance below which they thought would be disturbed by 
the bump, they were trying to bar it olT. Therefore it is readily seen 
how this accident occurred. 

2S'eal Tram, an Italian coal loader, was fatally injured by being- 
squeezed between a gondola and a j)liitforni which ran along side 
of track under Lattimer breaker. He had gone up to run a car 
down and after starting the car he ran alongside of it until close 
to the breaker, when he attempted to jump on. He was caught be- 
tween the ])latform and gondola with the above result. He did not 
give himself time when he jumped on to get in between cars to get 
at the brake. 

' I'atrick Eurke, a young Locie patcher, was fatally injured at the 
same colliery by being run over by a mine car partly loaded with 
timber. They were going to make a '"flying switch" to send the 
car into No. S slope. The boy had uncoupled the car from the locie 
and Vi'as crossing from one side of the locie to the other side to get 
at the switch and in some manner he slipped his hold and fell in 
front of the car, the car running over his legs and injuring him so 
badly that he died at the Hazleton Hospital about live hours after 
the accident. 

It seems very strange that more accidents occurred during the 
year by cars on the surface, where they have day-light to do their 
work by, than underground, where they have nothing more than the 
light given b}' an ordinary miner's lamp. It is evident that the men 
and boys handling cars inside exercise more care than those handling 
cars on the surface. 

By Breaker Machinery 

I regret very much to say that during the year three breaker boys 
lost their lives on the breakers by going into places where they had 
no business. One of these boys, Wash Thear, was ground up by 
the rolls. His duty was to see that a chute leading into the rolls did 
not get blocked, and to do this he was provided with a scraper and 
shovel, but instead of using either of these tools he got into the 
chute and was pushing the coal down with his feet, taking liold of 
side of chute with liis hands. In some manner his hold slipped and 
before he could secure himself he slid into the rolls and was in- 
stantly killed. 

Another boy, a jig tender on the same breaker. Foster Sniitli. 
went to put some tar on a belt to ])revent it from slipping. This he 



360 REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

tried to do wlien the machinery was in motion and in some manner 
his clothinj^ got caujj;lit and he was whirled around by the shaft 
running the jigs. The machinery was stopped and when he was 
taken off life was extinct. He had only been away from his com- 
panions a few minutes when the errand boy saw him going around 
and gave the alarm. 

The other, an oiler, by the name of Manus McHugh, was fatally 
injured by having his clothing caught in the cogs which run the 
screen. The boy in order that he might be able to play with his 
companions during the dinner hour started to oil the machinery of 
the breaker about eleven o'clock, so that he would be finished be- 
fore the noon hour. This work he had nearl}^ completed and when 
getting down from the plank walk, which ran along in front of the 
screen, his clothing caught as stated abo^■e, and he was drawn into 
the cogs and injured so seriously that he died the following day. 
There was no one to blame for the accident but himself, as he had 
no business oiling the machiner}- ^^■hiIe it was in motion, but boys 
will be boj'S and must play, and unless they are held under by strict 
discipline and prevented from doing things which are against the 
law, accidents of this kind will happen no matter how much we 
deplore them. It is indeed sad when we are called upon to record 
accidents of this nature. 

Another accident by machinery occurred at No. 4 Jeddo breaker 
of G. B. Markle & Co., on July 8. Joe Mishko, a Slavonian platform- 
man, lost his life in the following manner. The rock chute became 
blocked and Mishko went down to start it. On the other side of 
the chute, at the place where he intended to start the chute, was 
a fast moving belt and why he went over to that side is a mystery, 
as he could have started the chute from the nearest side better 
than from where he stood. He must have put his head up and a 
cou}>ling on the belt struck him on the head, knocking him down 
into the rock chute and he went down Avith the rock which he had 
just started. 

Miscellaneous Causes Outside 

It is to be noticed that under this head seven accidents occurred 
in this district. The first, John Clemkaski, emplojTd at bottom 
of breaker shaft at the Beaver Meadow colliery of Coxe Bros. & 
Co., was fatally injured in attempting to cross from the east side 
of shaft to w^est side Avhile the cages were in motion, the descending 
cage not more than twenty feet above him when he made the at- 
tempt. He took hold of the guide of the shaft and intended to 
swing himself across to the other side, but before he accomplished 
this the cage was upon him, crushing him down into the cage pit, 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT Wl 

injuring: liim so badly that ho died the noxt day. This arcidont was 
nothing- h'ss tlian snicidal on the part of the victim, as un(h'r no 
circnnistance should he have used that way to <:;et arross the shaft, 
for by taking a few steps more he could have crossed by the rcj,ai- 
lar way, provided for that purpose, in safety. The victim while on 
the way to the hospital stated to the attendants who were with 
hira that he had a premonition that something- was going to hap- 
pen that day. 

Clinton \A'illiams. a young man, met his death in a peculiar man- 
ner at Jeddo No. 4, O. B. Markle & Co. Deceased, with several 
others, were engaged in raising a stack. The stack gave a hinge 
and caught Williams' hand between stack and the wall. The acci- 
dent was considered of a trivial nature, as the hoy was able to go 
to the doctor's and have the iiijured hand attended to, but in a few 
days lock-jaw set in and he died a week later. 

A vei-y sad accident occui-red at Thomas Crawford's strii)])ing 
when James Patton, a forc^man, met an untimely death by a fall of 
clay from the <'dge of a bank. He, with some of the men under 
his charge, had been engatred in laying a ti-ack along sile of the 
steam shoA'el and had nearly coni])leted the extension of this track. 
D(^ceased was tighteninsi a fish-]date bolt on one of the joints when 
a lar^e mass of clay fell, catching him in a stoo])in<r position, kill- 
ing him instantly. What makes this accident doublv sad is the fact 
that his brother was the engineer on the shovel and an eye wit- 
ness to the sad occurrence. Tt was said that the attention of the 
deceased had been called to the unsafe condition of the clav some 
time before the accident, but evid(>nt1y lie did not think it was so 
bad or he would have had it taken down before starting to put in 
the track. 

August Wetterau. an old German miner, lost his life by a rush of 
coal in Rhepps stripping at Lansford. He had fastened a rope, 
which he had for the y)urj)ose of roincr down into the hole, when he 
got down and \^'as putting coal into the chute. He must have laid 
the rope to one side and was using a drill to start the coal and 
more came down than he expected and he could not catch hold 
of his rope, he goinc' down with the rush of coal. His body was 
not recovered for thirteen liours after the accident. The matter 
was referred to a coroner's jury, who rendered a verdict of acci- 
dental death. 

Auirust Horn, another old Cerman miner, lost his life by a pre- 
mature explosion of a blast in clay. Deceased was a foreman of a 
gansi of men removing clav from a pillar of coal at T"rpner Lehi'rh 
No. .5 stripping. They had drilled a hole in the clav and had fired 
a few sticks of dynamite to spring it to make room for black powder. 

27 ' 



362 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

He then poured about half a keg into the hole and instead of using 
enough fuse to reach outside the hole he cut a piece about three 
feet long, which he attached to a stick of dvnamite with a cap in it. 
lie dropped this into the hole and ran a tamping stick down imme- 
diately after. The stick evidently took the lighted end of the fuse 
down into the powder, which caused the shot to go otf while he was* 
standing over it, injuring liim so seiiously that he died the next 
day. There was no one to blame for this accident but himself, as 
under no circumstances should a person light a fuse before inserting 
it in the hole. 

Metro Stevorick, a Slavonian laborer, was fatally injured by a fall 
of clay on the stripping of A. Pardee & Co., at Cranberry. The 
victim of this accident is again partly responsible for his own 
death, as it was part of his duty to trim down the loose clay in 
front of the steam shovel. This he, and others who were with him. 
failed to do and a piece of clay fell, with result as above stated. 

Mike Telshoko. a Hungarian laborer, was fatally injured at the 
Eckley stripping by a large mass of clay which fell from the edge of 
the bank, striking a car and turning it over upon the victim. He 
was at once removed to the hospital, wht-re he died shortly after 
reaching there. 

I might say in conclusion of the remarks on fatal accidents, that 
during the year 1903, six of the fatal accidents occurred on the strip- 
pings of the district, to men not actually engaged in the mining or 
preparing of coal, but in removing clay and rock from the top of 
coal seams, and employed by men who have the removing of this 
material contracted from the coal companies, and it is a question 
whether these accidents should be charged to the mining and prepa- 
ration of coal, but at present we have no other place to charge them 
other than to the coal companies avIio have engaged these con- 
tractors to do the work for them. These accidents are charged up 
as follows: 

Coxe Brothers & Co., Inc(»rporat! d 4 

Lehigh Valley Coal Company 1 

A. Pardee .'■c Co -. . ] 



H" these accidents could h<- charged against the removing of clay 
and rock there wor.kl be only forty seven accidents to charge to the 
mining of coal. 

Improvements J)uring the Year 

COXE BROTHERS AND CO., INC. 

Driftou 
New Boih'i- Plant. — The completion of a boiler plant of 4,500 H. P. 
capacity, P,abcock & Wilcox boilers. This plant is a central one, 



Nu. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITP: DISTRICT 363 

y applying steam lor Lhc opnalioii of Driftoii Xo«. 1 aiid "2 eolliei'ie* 
and other opeiatious, such as Driftou shops, office heating, etc. 
The old boiler plant at Drilton Xo. 1 will be dismantled. The old 
boiler plant at Driftou Xo. '2 will be kept in proper repair as a mat- 
ter of emergency. 

Air ripe Line. — The location of 5,500 feet air line, or from Drif- 
ton shops to their artesian well, for the purpose of hoisting water 
by air instead of steam. 

New \Vater iSupply. — The location of a lU'W 100,000 gallon tank 
and 2,600 feet of six inch pipe line for the purpose of bettering fire 
service inside and outside of the mines. 

Stripping Operations. — The stripping operations at the west end 
of the property have been continued during 1903. During this year 
o(>2,078 cubic yards were removed, making the total quantity re- 
moved up to January 1, 1001, l,04G,9Go cubic yards. At this work 
seven steam sliovels are employed and the material handled on 
seven independent planes. The mine trade over which the coal is 
to be conveyed from the strippings has been extended to within 800 
feet of the end of the stripping. 

New Fan. — A largQ Clark fan, (iuibal pattern, with 20 foot 
diameter plate G feet by 5 feet 6 inches, has been erected on the north 
crop of Drifton No. 2, Buck Mountain vein, about G,700 feet west of 
the slope, which greatly improves the ventilation of the west end 
workings. 

Eckley 

NeAV Boilers. — At No. 11 slope, a boiler and hoisting house have 
been erected, equipped v.ith two 100 H. P. Erie economic boilers, 
one pair double engines and drum, with one 50,000 gallon tank for 
W'ater supply purposes. The location of one new 100 H. P. Erie 
economic boiler on Buck Moun.tain water line, which replaces two 
old locomotive boilers. 

New Water Supply.— -The location of 7,000 feet new water line 
from Porter House reservoir to the location of No. 11 slope (newj. 

Stripping Operations. — Stripping work has been continued in Eck- 
ley No. 1 back basin and Buck Mountain slope No. 2 Spoon end. At 
Eckley up to January 1, 1004, 512,445 cubic yards have been removed, 
of which 107,315 cubic yards were removed during 1003 — one shovel 
being employed. Buck ^lonutain has removed 402, G27 cubic yards, 
of which 58,237 cubic yards were removed during 1003. 

New Slopes. — The Avater lying in Buck Mountain tunnel No. 2 
works has been successfully ta]tped and lowered to the water level 
of the No. 2 tunnel. A slope. Buck Mountain No. 11, is being sunk 
to the okl workings. Another slope. No. 12, is projected, w'hich 



364 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

will be sunk on the East Spoon end of old No. 6 slope workings, 
where again a large amount of coal is to be stripped. 

Beaver Meadow 

New Dwelling Houses. — Erection of three two-family blocks and 
eight four-family blocks of houses for the use of their employes. 

Air Compressor. — The location of an air compressor at No. 4 slope 
for the purpose of furnishing air for pumping and hoisting at No. 
5 inside slope. 

Stripping Operations. — Greenfield stripping has been continued, 
with two shovels employed, and 349,942 cubic yards have been re- 
moved up to January 1, 1904. Of this amount 149,000 cubic yards 
were removed during 1903. Hand stripping in the extension of No. 
8 stripping was started in month of May, 1903, and up to January 
1, 1904, 44,310 cubic yards were removed. The dams which were 
erected during the 1902 strike are still in, and prevent them at the 
present time from working the Temperance south crop strippings. 

New Slope. — At Beaver Meadow slope No. 4, a slope was sunk in- 
side to work the Wharton vein between the old No. 3 Wharton slope 
and the Coleraine property. Three levels will be driven to the west 
and two levels to the east of that slope. 

Drainage Tunnel. — From the face of the Gamma gangway a second 
section of the drainage tunnel was started, which is calculated to 
be driven across to No. 2 slope, a distance of about 2,300 feet, and 
will tap the Wharton about 70 feet below the present working level. 
The second sections of drainage tunnel will be continued through a 
saddle into the old Temperance basin, and will develop the Whar- 
ton vein and the remaining Mammoth vein, which has not been 
worked below the old Temperance gangways. 

Stockton 

No Improvements. — Has been abandoned, and only coal in the 
upper levels is worked and taken to Beaver Meadow for prepara- 
tion. 

Tomhicken 

No Improvements. — Coal is still taken to Derringer breaker for 
preparation. 

Derringer and Gowan 

Additional Boilers at Derringer. — The addition of 500 H. P. Bab- 
cock & Wilcox boilers to their present boiler plant at Derringer 
breaker, giving it a capacity of 2,000 H. P. 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 365 

New Dwelling Houses. — The erection of four four-family blocks of 
houses is in progress, increasing the accommodations to their em- 
ployes to the extent of 10 families. 

Additional Boilers at CJowan. — Reinforcement of Gowan No. 4 
boiler plant by an addition of two Erie economic boilers, 100 H. P. 
each. 

Mine Fire. — The fire which was discovered on October 22, 1902, 
in the second lift east end, Derringer, has been extinguished, but 
has been a source of expense right along, as it was considered neces- 
sary and a matter of precaution to load out the two breasts affected 
by the lire, as the only means to reduce the temperature, which con- 
tinued excessively high after they had once stopped flushing. 

Air Motor. — An air motor was put into service in the upper level 
to bring the coal from the east end, and it renders good service. 

LEHIGH COAL. AND NAVIGATION COMPANY 

The old No. 5 breaker at Lansford was abandoned May 12, 1902. 
The coal that was formerly prepared at this breaker' is taken over 
to No. 6, where two new breakers have been constructed — one for 
the preparation of White Ash coal and the other for the prepara- 
tion of Red Ash coal. 

At No. 6 colliery, in addition to the breakers above noted, there 
were added two batteries of boilers, increasing the capacity of this 
plant by GOO horse-power, making a total of 3,000 horse-power. 

A pair of 42 inch by GO inch hoisting engines have been erected 
at Water shaft and 2,500 gallon tanks are used for hoisting water. 

G. B. MARKLE AND COMPANY 

Jeddo No. 4 

All revolving screens replaced by shaking screens. Four 300 H. P. 
Babcock & Wilcox boilers have been installed. Erie City boilers 
removed. Compound Jeanesville pump, size 17 and 28x12x48, has 
been placed in the Wharton tunnel to deliver water to the surface. 
Pump house 32x1 Gxl4 feet constructed for this pump, together with 
a shaft, column way and column pipe line to the surface. Addition 
made to the boiler house to accommodate Babcock & Wilcox boilers. 
New steam pipe lines constructed and covered. A G^ inch bore 
hole was sunk on the south side near the present pumping station 
to supply additional fresh water. 

Highland No. 5 

All revolving screens replaced by shaker screens. Breaker 
engine converted into a double engine. The compressed air haulage 
system extended a distance of 4,700 feet. A compressed air loco- 



366 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT oF MINEJS Off. Doc. 

motive ©f same size and style us those already iu service added. Air- 
way driven in the West Pink ash T\-orkiugs to the surface and a 10 
foot Guibal fan installed. A tunnel has been driven from Buck 
Mountain vein to Buck Mountain vein through the overlap, West 
gangway A, Highland 5 slope A. Highland 5 slope A, West gang- 
way A, connected to tunnel B for drainage. The following planes 
constructed: Plane F from East gangway A to East gangway C, 
slope A; plane G from West gangway A to Second lift pink ash; 
plane H from West gangway A to slope A, first level at west end. 

Highland No. 2 

Cylinder boilers removed and replaced by 14 100 H. P. Erie City 
boilers. Boiler house changed to accommodate new plant. Steam 
pipe lines constructed and covered. A Cameron-Gov'ne pump, size 
20x10x36 inches has been placed on Highland No. 2 main bottom and 
independent column connected to surface. Sturtevant fan and en- 
gine added to boiler plant. 

Highland No. 1 

Old cylinder boiler plant has been abandoned and a new boiler 
plant consisting of 8 100 H. P. Erie City boilers installed. New 
boiler house erected. Nevv' steam pipe line constructed and covered. 

Sturtevant fan and engine placed in boiler house. Coal trestling 
built for boiler house coal. 

Ebervale 
No. 4 slope opened up and mining begun. 

tlighlaud No. G 

A slope iu the Keiper basin, Buck Mountain vein, which is known 
as Highland No. 6, has been sunk 94 yards in length and an 8x8 foot 
airway driven. 

LEHIGH VALLEY COAL COMPANY 

Hazleton No. 1 Colliery 

A flume 4 feet deep, 7 feet wide and 900 feet long was constructed 
across the No. stripping foi- the purpose of taking care of the sur- 
face drainage, also to replace a flume which obstructed a large 
area of stripping, which will in time enable them to mine an equal 
area of coal. 

A 20x30 foot three compartment ofiice was erected for the con- 
venience of the foremen and clerks. 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 367 

Hazleton Shaft Colliery 

The Hazle Creek ehaimel, which had been lilk-d with culm, etc., 
was reopened and the sides sheet-piled, givint.; an averai^e channel of 
8 feet in depth and 10 feet wide for a distance of two and one-half 
miles. This channel was opened for the purpose of taking care 
of the surface drainage along the entire length of the property. 

A conveyor line and settling tanks were constructed for the pur 
pose of taking care of tlu^ ashes made at the boiler plant. The 
skittling tanks are connected to the boiler plant by a line of terra 
cotta pipe and the ashes are conveyed through this pijx' by water 
to the conveyor line, then elevated to a bank. 

Four return tubular boilers of \'ulcan Iron Works make, of <i()i) 
horse power, were added to the boiler plant, and boiler house ex- 
tended 49 feet to shelter the same. 

A 12x48 inch Thatcher pump was installed in pump room on 
second level and connected with the surface by 335 feet of 16 inch 
column pipe. 

A stable with a capacity of twenty mules was made in the Buck 
Mountain vein, North tunnel, second level, 50 feet above the level 
of the gangway and connected with the return airway. 

A skip was taken off the north side of pump room at bottom of 
No. 40 slope for the purpose of making room for the installation of 
more pumps. Two 10x26x36 inch Goyne pumps, together with 665 
feet of 10 inch column line, were installed and put in operation. 

Spring Brook Colliery 

A tunnel 360 feet long was driven from the Mammoth to the 
Wharton vein on the No. 1 slope level. 

ESTATE A. S. VAN WICKLE 

Coleraine Colliery 

Installed electric light plant complete and one 150 II. P. return 
tubular boiler. 

Drove a tunnel 180 feet long, from the Buck Mountain to the 
Gamma vein. Mad(^ a pump house in rock at the bottom of the Buck 
Mountain slope and put in a 24x12x24 inch Cameron i)ump. 

Evans Colliery 

Installed one 100 H. P. return tubular b(»il(M- ;iiul a four foot blast 
fan to supply air for the boilers. 

A rock shaft was put down 123 feet from the surface to the Buck 
Mountain vein to make a sccduI openin'.; for. and to V(Mitilate the 
Buck ^Mountain slope. 



S6S REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

PARDEE BROTHERS AND COMPANY 

Lattimer 

Tliis company commenced the erection of a new wooden breaker 
in July, 1\){)'6, and completed same so as to be ready for operation 
in January, lliU4. This breaker will have a capacity of from twelve 
to fifteen hundred tons per day. 

A new boiler plant was also erected, having at the present time 
six Heine safety boilers installed, aggregating 1,5GU H. P. This 
plant will do the work of two old cylinder boiler plants, one of 
which was located at No. 2 and the other at No. 3. A new steam 
pipe line, which was erected during the year, will distribute the 
steam to all parts of the colliery. 

A new steel plate ventilating fan is being constructed, which, 
when completed, will have a capacity of two hundred and tifty thou- 
sand feet of air per minute, with a water gauge of three inches. 

CALVIN PARDEE AND COMPANY 

Harwood 

This firm increased the capacity of their central plant by adding 
two 15U H. 1'. each horizontal return tubular boilers, which makes 
the total capacity at their central plant "l,80U horse power. 

UPPER LEHIGH COAL COMPANY 

Ko. 2 Breaker. — Installed three anthracite coal spiral separators, 
one new set large steel rolls and two shakers. 

No, 1 ^Stripping. — Installed one "Little (Jiant" steam shovel, one 
pair hoisting engines and vertical boiler. 

No. ;J Stripping. — One lUxl2 inch locomotive. 

No. 1 iSlope. — Installed 8x12x10 Jeanesville pump; drove rock 
tunnel (.JOj feet in length from Buck Mountain to underlying seam. 

No. 2. Slope. — Installed 12x30x28 inch Jeanesville duplex pump; 
{)ut in lU inch exhaust line from pumps to surface; drove short 
tunnel from Buck Mountain to underlying seam. 

No. 3 Slope. — Drove short tunnel from Buck Mountain to under- 
lying seam. 

No. 5 Slope. — One new ventilating fan and engine erected. 

No. Slope. — March 26 No. engine and boiler house burned down 
and have since been replaced by new ones. 

No. 10 Slope. — This slope was sunk on the (A) scam south of No. 
2 basin; a tipple, hoisting engine, locomotive, boiler and ventilat- 
ing fan installed, gangways have been started and second opening 
completed; 2,000 feet of water main laid to furnish water for boilers. 



No. 12. NINTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT IW 

CHAS. M. DODSON AND COMPANY 

Beaver Brook 

Set 11]) duiiiij4' the year two tubular boilers, and now have five 
nu)r<' (»n hand, by wlihh they exiKH-t to be able to do away with all 
the old style cylinder boilers, twenty ei^ht in niiinber. 

Drove a tunu( 1 150 f<'et long from the Buck Mountain to the 
Gamma vein. Tliis vein has not been worked lieretofore in this 
colliery and they are now turning gangways with the intention of 
woi-king it extensively. 

A new Jeancsville compound duplex pump, 38x23x14x48 inches, 
was placed in No. 11 slope. 

J. S. WENTZ AND COMPANY 

Hazle Brook Colliery 

Built a new breaker of SO!) tons capacity and abandoned old 
breaker that has been in operation since the colliery has been 
started. 

Installed four l.~)() hoi'se j)ower return tubular boilers, built by 
the \'iilcan Iron ^^'oI•ks of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., to take the place of 
fifteen 3(1 inch by 30 feet cylinder boilers. 

Sank a slope in the overlying measures. 3.000 feet east of breaker 
and installed a 13x14 hoisting engine at this slope. 

M. S. KEMMERER AND COMPANY 

Sandy Run 

This company has commenced the driving of a drainage tunnel to 
drain the water from their lower levels, which have been under 
water since the strike of 1902, 

BLACK CREEK COAL COMPANY 

Harleigh 

Drove a tunnel 00 feet long from the Mammoth to the Wharton. 
A slope was sunk at the foot of the breaker plane into the Whar- 
ton IJjO feet long to the level of tunnel, this slope, and will be con- 
tinued 1.10 feet farther to the basin of the Wharton. When rhis 
slope is finished they will hoist all their coal from the Mammoth 
and Wharton direct into the breaker. 

A breaker was erected with a capacity of 500 tons per day, 
equipped with modern machinery, and same has been running for 
the past three months. 

Tliey have installed a pair of 70 H. P. hoisting engines; one 00 

24—12—1903 



370 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

H. P. breaker engiue; erected two 125 H. P. each return tubular 
boilers and are at i)resent erecting another of 125 H. P. 

Rowe Colliery 

Placed one 50 H. P. tubular boiler and one pair of 34 H. P. hoist- 
ing engines. 

W. R. McTURK & COMPANY 

The vStar washery of W. li. McTurk and Company, located at Tres('- 
kow, was destr03'ed by fire on May 1, 1903. The fire, as near as could 
be ascertained, originated in the boiler house, from some unknown 
cause. 

Fire at No, G Lansford 

On August 2(> it was suspected that a fire existed on the west side 
of No, 6 shaft, from the fact that for several days men working in 
the No. G water level tunnel found themselves becoming sick. It 
was tliought, and rightly too, that the fire must be in one of the 
lower levels. It was decided to drive holes from side of water 
level gangway back to the top rock. Several holes were driven 
and water turned into them, but it was found that this came out 
cold from breast 3, 4 and 5, West Crack vein gangway, shaft level. 
Work was suspended in shaft and the air current reversed and they 
finally found the fire in the battery of No. 7 breast, lower West Mam- 
moth, on September 24, having been unable up to that time to ex- 
amine this breast on account of the large quantity of carbonic acid 
gas that was present. They worked at trying to load the coal in 
No. 7 breast, putting out strong fire in coal at the battery, and at 
times putting water in gob above No. 7 from water level, until Oc- 
tober S, by which time the fire had gone through into No. 8 and it 
was clearly shown that it was impossible to load out the burning 
coal in the gobs as fast as tlie fire spread. Pumping and hoisting 
of water was stopped. A dam was put across the Panther creek 
and a fiunu' built to carry all the water of the Panther creek into 
the mine through tlu' water level tunnel. A pump and column were 
also placed at north end of Lansford tunnel and water from Nes- 
quehoning Valley pumped into Mammoth vein gangway, which was 
connected with the No. 6 workings. A dam East of Lansford tun- 
nel, which is fifty-six feet lower vertically than No. G water level, 
was closed and a dam built in pillar between No. G and Nesquehon- 
ing, in a gangway thirty-five feet lower than No, 6 water level. The 
water raised to No. G water level on October 22, and on October 24 
the valve was ojiened in Lansford tunnel and water- lowered to that 
level to allow the resuiii])tioii of work at No. 3. Nescpiehoning, which 



No. 12. NINTH ANTIIP.ACITE DlSTIllCT 371 

was Stopped wliih.^ the wi'.ter was above the level of old gaujiway 
through tlie pillar. On Xoveitiber 12 they started to hoist water 
with the coal engines aud on November 22, started with large pair 
of water engin(^s, just installed. The water was all removed by De- 
cember 9, and they resumed hoisting coal in No. G shaft on Decem- 
ber 14. Holes have been driven and the region where the fire ex- 
isted thoroughly explored. High temperature, from 105 to 120 de- 
gri'cs, is found in the old Mammoth gob but no sulphur or sign of 
(ire. and the holes cool olT very rapidly when opened. Indications 
are that the fire has been extinguished. 



Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The annual examination of api)licants for certificates of qualifica- 
tion as mine foremen and assistant mine foremen was held in the 
<ireen Street School Building, at Hazleton, on August 18 and 19, 
1903. The Board of Examiners was composed of D. J. Roderick, In- 
spector; A. ^^^ Di-ake, superintendent; George McGee, miner; James 
llarkins, miner. The following named persons, having passed a 
satisfactory examination, were recommended and received certi 
.Icates: 

Mine Foremen 

George Kirschner, Lattimer Mines; Frank \Yard, Drifton; Levi 
Mumie, Lattimer Mines; James Bonner, Freeland; David H. Wil- 
liams, Lattimer Mines; William Purdy, Hazleton; Harry Polgrean, 
Hazleton; Alonzo Dodson, Hazleton; William Frey, Oneida; William 
Job, Sandy Run; David M. Emanuel, Nesquehoning. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

John Yeager, Hazleton; John D. Davies, Audeni'ied; Richard Mor- 
ris, Coleraine; David H. Griflith, Lausford; John L. Richards, Sum- 
mit Hill; David H. Davies, Lausford; Robert L. Sinyard, Summit 
Hill; Sylvester Weaver, Sandy Run; John J. Gallagher. Jeddo; Wil- 
liam B. Cunning, Lansford; John Mitchell, Lausford; Lawrence 
Donelly, Nesquehoning; John E. Shinton, Lansford; John M. Gal- 
lagher, Freeland. 






( 372) 



OFFICIAL, DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Tenth Anthracite District 



SCHUYLKILL, COUNTY 



Shenandoah, Pa., February 23, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor of submitting to you my annual report as 
Inspector of Mines for the Tenth Anthracite District for the year 
ending December 31, 1903. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WILLIAM STEIN, 

Inspector. 



( 273) 



374 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Tenth Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 22 

Number of mines in operation, 20 

Number of tons of coal produced 3,080, (JOO 

Number of tons shipped to marine t, ; 3,199,261 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, G3,992 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 417,347 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 5,052 

Number of persons employed outside the mines, 3,818 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 13 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 283,123 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, 389 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 7 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, C45 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 7 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents, 26 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside the mines, 48 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 105 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 12 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 318 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 2 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, 3 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 33 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, IS 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation 4 

Number of old mines abandoned 1 



N". 12. TKNTH A.\'JMli:.\(MTE DISTRICT 375 



TABLE A.— Tenth Anthracite District, IdOA 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of (Companies Tons 

Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company 2,()!K'),()-42 

Lehigh \'alley Coal Company 082,027 

Susquehanna Coal Company 199,39;} 

Cambridge Coal Company 85,ll.j 

Thomas Coal Company, 01,879 

W. II. McTurk and Co., 91,112 

M. A. Gerber and S. A. Seaman 30,304 

Lawrence Coal Company 5,091 

North American Coal Company, 175,573 

Stoddart Coal Company, 04,012 

r>i'<)okwood Coal Company 191,852 

Total, . 3,080,000 



ProdiKlion by Counties 
Mhuyikill 3,080,000 



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TENTH ANTIiRAClTE DISTRICT 



379 






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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



SSI 



TABLE G.— Tenth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 













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TABLE H.— Tenth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



January, 
February, .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September, 

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November, . 
December, . 

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TENTH ANTHRACriK DISTRICT 



38.-{ 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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25—12—1903 



386 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



( )ff. Doc 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



:)S7 







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sajniu puB sssjoq jo JaqiunM 



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No. 12. 



TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



383 



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REPORT OF TH"E DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



395 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



397 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



401 



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26—12—1903 



402 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Fatal Accidents by Falls of Coal, Slate and Eoof 

January 29. John Fogel, killed at William Penn Colliery by a 
fall of top rock at face of breast. Carelessness of victim not timber- 
ing. 

February 17. Simon Galonis, killed at Tacker No. 3 Colliery by 
a fall of top slate. Unforeseen accident. 

May 13. Anthony Mnshlofski, killed at Turkey Run Colliery by a 
fall of coal. Unforeseen accident. 

June 2. John Crauage, fatally injured at West Shenandoah Col- 
liery by a fall of slate. Died on the 5th. Carelessness of victim. 

June 24. Stiney Stoko, killed at Shenandoah City Colliery by a 
fall of coal. Carelessness of the miner not timbering his place 
of working. 

By Explosion of Gas 

January 14. John Silinski, killed by an explosion of gas at Packer 
No. 4 Colliery. Used a naked lamp to explode an old breast. 

January 14. Peter Youst, fatally burned by an explosion of gas 
at Packer No. 4 Colliery; died on the 17th. Was working with Silin- 
ski. 

By Mine Cars 

October 17. Frank Clouser, fatally injured at Bast Colliery; died 
on the 23rd. Was riding in a car and leaned over the side, and was 
squeezed by timber. 

By Falling Down Shafts 

January 14. Michael Flaherty, killed by falling down Indian 
Ridge No. 2 Shaft. Was lowering timber after quitting time, and in 
some way stepped into the shaft. 

November 11. Frank Fisher, killed by falling down William Penn 
No. 2 Shaft. Was caging a car and forgot to sprag the car behind 
him, which ran down pushing him down the shaft. 

By Falling Down Slope 

March 4. Frank Meyers, killed by falling down the Bast Slope. 
He stepped off car to repair a pulley, and overbalanced himself. 

By Blasts 

September 18. Michael Krick, fatally injured at Packer No. 2 
Colliery. Died on the l!)th. Struck by coal Hying from a blast. 
Did not retreat to a place of safety. 



No. 12. TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 403 

Miscellaneous 

July 3. AMlliani Kocli, killed by beinj;- squeezed between cage and 
shaft timber. He attenii)ted to get on eage aTtei- signal was given 
engineer to hoist. 

Outside — By Mine Cars 

July 24. Martin Dolan, fatally injured at West Shenandoah Col- 
liery. Died on the 2oth. Run over by mine cars. Carelessness on 
the part of victim. 

September 18. Fred Hart, fatally injured at Tacker No. 4 Col- 
liery. Died on the 20th. Squeezed betw^een two cars. 

November 16. Vastil Roberto, fatally injured at West Shenandoah 
Colliery. Died on the 24th. Struck by car breaking loose on plane. 

By Breaker Machinery 

August 4. Andy Shumansky, killed at Indian Ridge Colliery by 
being caught in elevator. Climbed over the fence. 

February 20. Thomas Love, killed at Girard Colliery. Was caught 
by a revolving shaft; was 105 feet away from his place of work. 

Miscellaneous 

June 13. William Actsus, fatally injured at Packer No. 5 strip- 
Ijings. Died on the 20th. Struck by clay rolling down stripping 
bank. 

September 24. Luke Garpey, smothered in mine breech of Bast 
Colliery. He was filling up this crop fall. He got on the loose ma- 
terial when suddenly a subsidence took place taking him down. 
Body recovered 20 hours afterward. 

Condition of Collieries 

There are 23 collieries and G washeries in the district. Preston 
No. 3 colliery, however, is now x>oi'nianently abandoned, and all the 
surface improvements have been removed to other collieries. 

During the j^ear no coal has been mined from the Kehley's Run 
and Girard Mammoth collieries. Any coal that has been shipi)ed 
from these two collieries has been produced from the culm banks. 
Lawrence colliery has produced very little coal during the year, 
only operating two water leA'el drifts in the Buck Mountain seam 
and employing from IS to 20 persons. The colliery is flooded from 
the fourth level up to Avater level. 

Table No. 2 shows that all the eoal produced from West Shenan- 
doah. Kohinoor and Turkey Run collieries, operated by the Philadel- 



404 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

])liia and Eeading Coal and Iron Company is prepared at the West 
Shenandoah Mammoth breaker, and all the coal produced from 
Packers 2, 3, 4 and 5 collieries, operated by the Lehigh Valley Coal 
Company is prepared at Packer Xo. 4 Mammoth breaker. 

It is gratifying- to note that during the year there has been a very 
noticeable increase in the volume of air in circulation in the different 
collieries of the district, especially those of the Philadelphia and 
Eeading Coal and Iron Company and the Lehigh Valley Coal Com- 
pany. 

In addition to good ventilation these companies maintain good 
dry road beds, good drainage and keep their collieries practically 
safe. 

I cannot say that any colliery is exceptionally bad Avith regard to 
ventilation, drainage and general safety, but there is room for im- 
provement at three of them, and every effort is being made to bring 
these improvements about, as suggested by me. 

At Kohinoor and Gilberton and Draper collieries the water is 
hoisted, no pumps in use. Water from Draper colliery drains through 
a tunnel across the basin to Gilberton. At William Penn colliery 
the water is hoisted in No. 2 shaft. 

Improvements During the Year 

PHILADELPHIA AND READING COAL AND IRON COMPANY 

Indian Kidge Colliery. — A new pump room has been constructed 
north and level with bottom of shaft in which will be placed an 
18x48 inch pump; an additional ventilating fan has been erected. 

Shenandoah City Colliery. — A tunnel is in course of construc- 
tion from bottom to top member of Mammoth seam, first level east 
of Buck Mountain underground slope, dimensions 12x8 feet and is 
now driven 163 feet. 

West Shenandoah Colliery. — A new pump room has been con- 
structed at bottom of slope in which will be placed an 18x48 inch 
jjunip. A new tender slope is in course of construction through 
which all the workmen and mine supplies will be lowered. 

Hammond Colliery. — A tunnel from Mammoth to Buck Mountain 
seam has been driven on third level connecting with the sump gang- 
ways of these two seams. A new column way and a new steamway 
are in course of construction in Buck Mountain seam west of No. 2 
sloj)e. 

Bast Colliery. — An additional ventilating fan has been con- 
structed at the extreme eastern limit of the colliery, which is giving 
excellent results, and two tubular boilers added to steam plant. 

Draper Colliery. — A tunnel has been driven from the Orchard to 
Diamond seam, second level; also tunnel from Mammoth to Buck 



No. 12. TENTH AisTHRAClTE DISTRICT 405 

Mountain, fourth level, and one froni Maniinolh to Holms, fourth 
level. 

Lehigh N'alley Coal Company 

Taeker No. 2 (\)lliery 

A new Knowh s i\\u\ (loyne pump, 20x10x24 inches has been put in 
place on second level, and concrete floors put in pump rooms, and 
a new column line to surface, diameter 10 inches. A new pump room 
on fourth level with stone walls on side and concrete floor, in which 
is placed a Coyne pump, 24x10x30 inches, also a new 10 inch column 
line from fourih to second level in Tender slope. A new 8 inch 
steam line from boilers to second level, and a inch line from second 
level to fourth level, doing- away with all other small steam lines. 
Completed Tender slope to fourth level and started to sink this slojx' 
another lift. A tunn(4 has been driven from the Holms to Orchard 
seam on the second level. Orchard seam is 11 feet thick and good 
coal; gangways are now driven east and west 300 feet from turn- 
out. A tunnel is being driven in West Buck Mountain gangway, 
fourth lift. 

Packer Xo. 3 Colliery 

A new fanway completed in the seven foot s(^am, and erected on 
this opening a new fan 18 feet in diameter, blades 4^x6 feet, size of 
engine 10x18 inches. Built a new pump room 24x30 feet, stone 
walls on sides, concrete floor and roof secured with wrought iron 
b( ams. i*ut in ]jlace a Stroh duplex pump 20x8x30 feet on second 
level, and a new 10 inch column line ta surface from 24x10x30 feet 
Jeanesville duplex pump, and have completed a new column way 
in the IMammoth seam from second level in which these columns are 
placed to surface. On the seventh level. Mammoth seam, all the 
timber has been taken out near the pump room and sides scciii'cd 
with stone walls and roof secured with trails and brick. 

Packer No. 4 Colliery 

On tiie third level. Mammoth seam a new pump room has been 
built, sides secured Avith stone walls and concrete floor, in which is 
placed a new Goyne duplex pump 20x10x30 inches. On the flfth 
level, Mammoth seam, a new pump room has been built. From the 
P>uck ^lountain s}o])e, third leA'el, a new 8 in<-h slcani line has been 
]uit in ]»la< e Ihrough I he lunncl to Mammoth engine and pumps. 

]*ack(n' Xo. .") Colliery 

The fan on top of shaft has been remodeled and can be changed 
into a foi'cc fa;i in a very short time. It is now called a combination 
fan. The air comiiarlment of shaft has been lined from to]) to boi- 
tom with double tongued lloor-boaids 1] inches lliiek. A fan has 



406 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

been built at No. 1 slope similar to that at the shaft. Have driven 
a tunnel on slope level from Holms to Orchard seam, a distance of 
239 feet; vein in good condition and 9 feet thick. A new tubular 
boiler plant 1,200 horse power has been erected, and a new steam 
line, diameter G inches, has been put in place from this steam plant 
to No. 1 slope, a distance of 4,000 feet. 

Susquehanna Coal Comi3any 

William Penn Colliery. — Have built new supply store, carpenter 
and blacksmith shops, new stables, pipe and sheet iron house, new 
Babcock & Wilcox boiler, water hoisting engines 32x48 inches on No. 
2 shaft; two water tanks, capacity 1,500 gallons each, can hoist GO 
to 70 an hour or 107,500 gallons an hour; all the pumps have been 
stopped; telephone line in No. 2 shaft. 

Mine Foremen's'' Examinations 

The following is a list of the persons who successfully passed 
the examinations: 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

David W. Price, Shenandoah; Andrew Bishop, Shenandoah; Daniel 
Lailerty, Shenandoah; William Leary, Shenandoah; Peter J. Har- 
kins, Shenandoah; James McAtee, Shenandoah; John Casenskil, 
Shenandoah; John Rearden, Shenandoah; Michael J. Brennan, 
Shenandoah; George Gates, Shenandoah; Adam Kautner, Shenan- 
doah; James Powell, Shenandoah; John Hooper, Shenandoah; Nick 
Bayar, Shenandoah; Edward Whalen, Shenandoah; Richard K. Boe- 
lecke, Shenandoah, Wiliam C. Collins, Shenandoah, James Mitchell, 
Shenandoah; Thomas Stack, Shenandoah; Samuel Powell, Shenan- 
doah; Arthur Dixon, Shenandoah; John White, Shenandoah, John 
H. Roberts, Shenandoah; Charles I. Eisenhower, Shenandoah; Mat- 
thew Fahey, Shenandoah; Patrick McMauus, Shenandoah; Thomas 
O'Hearn, Shenandoah; Thomas Walsh, Shenandoah; Harry Reeves, 
Shenandoah; Robert Lord, Shenandoah; David McElhenny; Shen- 
andoah; P. J. Conway, Shenandoah; James Rosewall, Shenandoah; 
Edmund J, Thomas, Shenandoah; John W. Reese, Shenandoah; 
James C. Kerwin, Shenandoah; Charles H. Zimmerman, Shenan- 
doah; Peter Ringheiser, Shenandoah; Walter S. Johnson, Shenan- 
doah; Patrick J. Coyle, Shenandoah; Thomas Tracey, Shenandoah; 
Thomas E. Edwards, Shenandoah; Edward Williams, Shenandoah; 
James J. Devitt; Shenandoah; George Hanna, Shenandoah; Michael 
Hurley, Shenandoah; Thomas E. Jones, Shenandoah; I-'rank Dove, 
Shenandoah; Archibald Hodgert, Shenandoah; Jonas Gillillan, 



No. 12. TENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 407 

Slieuandoali; Jolin lioitliicr, Slicnaiidoali, William T. Needs, Jr., 
Shenandoah; Emil J. Bayar, Shenandoah; John Bunn, Shenandoah; 
Shem Evans, Shenandoah; Thomas J. McGeever, Shenandoah; James 
Moyei', Shenandoah; Idris Davis, Shenandoah; John Watson, Slien- 
andoah; Jno. J. Lannon, Shenandoah; John Simmons, Shenandoah; 
Patrick Brennan, Shenandoah; Thomas E. Campbell, Shenandoah; 
Fred. Young, Ashland; Aaron Keese, Ashland; Evan W. Smith, 
Ashland; Michael Maddin, Ashland; Joseph Corbe, Ashland; Frank 
Dewey, Ashland; Thomas Ferguson, Lost Creek; Michael P. Neary, 
Lost Creek; Frank li. Oarvey, Lost Creek; Thomas Jordan, Lost 
Creek; John Whalen, Lost Creek; John O'Brien, Lost Creek; Patrick 
Brennan, Lost Creek; Charles Klingerman, Girardville; AVilliam 
Taylor, Girardville; Harry Whittington, Girardville; Thos. Green, 
Girardville; Harry R. Shipp, Girardville; James Birmingham, Gil- 
berton; Thomas V. Morgan, Gilberton; AV^illiam Chappell, Gilberton; 
Edward Oakim, Gilberton; William Stanton, Gilberton; Thomas 
Barnet. Gilberton; Richard Jones, Gilberton; Isaac Purnell, Gil- 
berton; Henry Gottschall, Gilberton; Albert Thomas, Gilberton; 
James Raflferty, Gilberton; Thomas J. Reese, William Penn; John 
Baskeyfield, William Penn; Joseph Peters, William Perin; Evan L. 
Jones, William Penn; Thomas Sweeney, William Penn; Charles 
Blonv.erd, ^lahanov Plane. 




(408) 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Eleventh Anthracite District 



SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 



Mahanov City, Pa., February 23, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of Mines: 

Sir: I liave the honor of submitting herewith my Annual Keport 
as Inspector of Mines of the Eleventh Anthracite District for the 
year 1UU3. 

The tables contain the statistics relative to production, number of 
employes, days worked, accidents, etc. A brief description of the 
condition of the collieries of the district is also given. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

P. C. FENTON, 

Inspector. 



( 409 ) 

:u) 



410 liii:P0RT OF THE DEPAIITMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 



Eleventh Anthracite District, 1903 
SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 13 

Number of mines in operation, 13 

Number of tons of coal produced, 3,978,269 

Number of tons sliipped to marlvet, 3,511,378 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 39,688 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 427,203 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 5,549 

Number of persons employed outside, 3,272 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 30 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident, .... 132,609 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, 185 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 4 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident out- 
side, 818 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, 14 

Number of children orphaned b}' fatal accidents, 25 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 74 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 75 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 10 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident out- 
side, 327 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 16 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, .... G 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 24 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 13 

Number of new mines opened, 1 



No. 12. ELEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 411 



TABLE A.— Eleventh Anthracite Distru-t, V.)0:\ 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

I'hihidelphia and Keading Coal and Iron Company, . . 3,153,182 

Crystal Run Coal Company, 45,304 

Sih^er Brook Coal Company, 151,189 

Lehigh Valley Coal Company, 242,047 

Lentz and Company, 380,547 

Total, 3,978,269 



Production by Counties 
Schuylkill '. 3,978,209 



412 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINE'S 



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No. 12. 



ELEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



417 



TABLE G.— Eleventh Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 





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27—12—1903 



418 



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434 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

FATAL, ACCIDENTS 

By Falls of Coal, Slate and Roof 

January G, Bolest Yere'tsky, miner at Tunnel Ridge, was killed 
while preparing for a length of manway, by a piece of coal falling 
on him. 

March 11. John Luto, miner at EUangowan, leg and back broken 
by fall of coal. He had fired a blast at the face of the breast and 
had gone up and was dressing some loose coal, when it fell and 
caught him. He died on the way to the hospital. 

April 10. Anthony Skummin, miner at EUangowan, was instantly 
killed while working in face of breast by a fall of top rock. 

June 6. Anthony Shedeski, miner at Suffolk, was killed by a fall 
of slate, while in the act of charging a hole. He should have tim- 
bered the place as directed by the boss. 

July 1. Anthony Melutis, laborer at Boston Run, was working in 
the gangway when a piece of coal fell from the roof and killed him. 
The coal seemed to be solid a few minutes before the accident oc- 
curred. 

July 14. Patrick Whalen, miner at Suffolk, was blasting 
bottom coal when a piece fell and drove him down pitch. He was 
found dead at the battery. 

July 15. John Aranovich, 'miner at Maple Hill, was prepar- 
ing to put up brattice when a piece of top coal fell on him, killing 
him. 

August 25. Jack Hemsky, laborer at Mahanoy City, While drill- 
ing a hole, a piece of slate, on which he was standing, broke off and 
started the loose piece he was drilling in. The coal slid down the 
pitch onto Hemsky, killing him. 

October IT. Joseph Ginder, laborer at Park Place, was killed by 
a fall of clod while working as a laborer in gangway. 

October 20. Paul Resalusky miner at Tunnel Ridge. While 
shoveling coal in the chute, a piece of top coal fell on him and broke 
his leg. He died in the hospital. 

November 4. William Romonofsky, miner at Primrose. In- 
stantly killed by a fall of coal in a breast, while tamping a hole. 

November 6. Joseph Skeakes, laborer at North Mahanoy. While 
taking down a piece of coal as instructed, it fell on him, injuring him. 
He died at State Hospital. 

November 30. Anthony Shagalis, laborer at Mahanoy Citj^ 
While putting down sheet iron in breast, coal fell on him and killed 
him. 

By Cars 

January 17. Joe Lewonis, loader at Primrose. Caught on trip of 
cars that was being pulled to counter chute. He jumped off on low 



No. 12. • ELEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 435 

side of gangway and was cani;lit iH'twcen cai- and rock. Died from 
liis injuries. 

June 5. I't'h'r IMeski, dooiboy at Maple Hill, was caught be- 
tween car and door. He closed the door before the last car was 
through. He was injured on the head and died. 

June 11. Joe Cheronis, loader at Ma|)l(' Hill. Killed by locomo- 
tive. Etigineer got off and turned switch. The engine started on 
backward motion and jammed Cheronis between rib and cars. 

December 12. William McCabe, driver at Boston Kun. In turn- 
ing his mule he got caught between mule and car and was internally 
injured. He died at his home the same evening. 

December 23. Joe Puseavage, driver at Maple Hill. He fell 
under his trip of cars -^^'hile coming out of the mine and was fatally 
injured. 

By Explosions 

February 25. Mike Mitsko, miner at Mahanoy City, was in 
the act of putting on length of brattice when a fall of. coal brushed 
down the gas on his naked light, and caused an explosion. He died 
at the hospital. He had been strictly forbidden to work with any- 
thing but safety lamp. 

May 12. John Dudlick, laborer at Ellangowan. He went uj) the 
chute and fired the gas, burning his face and hands. He was work- 
ing with a safety lamp, but must have tampered with it. 

By Falling Down Shafts, Slopes. Etc. 

June 17. AVilliam Carlunas, laborer at Park Place. Killed while 
attempting to descend slope after working hours, without notifying 
engine man. 

November 7. Jacob Opelia, miner at Boston Run. Killed by fall- 
ing down slope. He and eight others were hoisted to the surface 
on west side of slope. After walking a short distance away from 
the slope he returned and fell do^^•n the opening on the east side. 

By Sulfocation 

February 14. Joseph Bolensky, miner at Mahanoy City. He was 
barring down coal when he fell and the coal rolled on liim. He was 
fatally iisjured. 

Miscellaneous. 

July 22. Alexander Lynch, Mike Yancofski, Matt Shevinski. 
While working in the west top split No. 2 west gangway, shaft level, 



436 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

the water broke in to breast No. 15 from an old abandoned working 
of the Knickerbocker Colliery. The three men were drowned. 

July 22. Peter Kleckner, miner at Ellangowan, was drowned 
while working in west top split No. 2 gangway, No. 15 breast. I did 
not know nor did those in charge of the colliery know anything of 
the accumulation of water, as the map did not show that portion of 
the abandoned workings. 

August 21. Peter Sneck, locomotive engineer at Knickerbocker. 
While the engine was going through a door at mouth of drift, the 
door attendant in some way let the door swing half shut and Sneck 
was crushed between engine and door. 

October 21. Frank Karish, laborer at Knickerbocker, was killed 
by being crushed between rib and prop while in the act of lifting 
prop. 

December 16. Joseph Metules, miner at Saint Nicholas. His fin- 
ger was smashed while holding a jumper for his partner to strike 
on. He was struck on the finger and died of lockjaw at the State 
Hospital. 

CONDITION OF COLLIERIES 
PHILADELPHIA AND READING COAL AND IRON COMPANY 

Maple Hill Colliery 

This is one of the most modern and the largest coal producing col- 
lieries operated by this company. They are at the present time sink- 
ing a No. 2 shaft, size 12 feet 8 inches by 31 feet in the clear. Out- 
side dimensions 15 feet 2 inches by 33 feet 6 inches. This shaft con- 
tains six compartments, two for coal and four for water. It is tim- 
bered with 12x12 inch southern yellow pine, and is lagged with 3 
inch southern yellow pine plank back of timber. The depth of the 
shaft is to be 1,050 feet reaching the Buck Mountain Basin. 

It is ventilated with a 15 foot fan while in sinking operation. A 
carpenter and blacksmith shop 32x76 feet has recently been com- 
pleted outside. The breaker has been remodeled. They have taken 
out all the circular screens and replaced them with shakers. They 
also have taken out all the old jigs and have replaced them with the 
latest improved jigs. The ventilation, drainage and road beds of this 
mine are in good condition. 

We expect very good ventilation at this colliery after the 21 foot 
fan which was recently erected, has been connected. 

Suffolk Colliery 

They have done much at this colliery to improve the ventilation. 
In connection with one fan, an opening was driven through solid 
rock a distance of 153 feet 11x12 feet or 122 feet area. Seventy-five 



No. 12. ELEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 437 

feet below the surface in this opeiiiug, a brick arch was built 100 
feet area on a pitch of o5 degrees and continued all the way up. 
Over this a 21 foot fan was erected which will ventilate the South 
Tunnel workings of the Maple Hill Colliery. To increase the volume 
of air the main airways have been enlarged at different points con- 
ecting with the Mammoth Top Split fan. At different parts of the 
mines, crosscuts have been driven through slate and rock, connecting 
the different splits with the main airway. 

The ventilation, drainage and road beds of this colliery are in good 
condition. 

Saint Nicholas Colliery 

This colliery is very imijortant. Both inside and outside work- 
ings are equipped with the latest mining inventions, and from pres- 
ent indications will in the near future be one of the largest pro- 
ducers of this company. 

An airway was driven in the Mammoth seam from the third level 
to the surface 100 feet in area over which a 21 foot force fan has 
been erected. 

An air tunnel has been driven from middle split south dip to bot- 
tom split north dip on the third level, and another from the bottom 
split to the top split south dip at third level. 

A third tunnel has been driven from east middle split to bottom 
split east of hoisting slope. 

The main hoisting slope has been extended from second to third 
level and gunboats used in the place of cages. 

In the second level a pump house has been driven in the solid 
rock, size 10x21x50 feet in which a pump 12x48 inches has been 
placed. Another pump house was driven in third devel in the same 
manner. A pump was also placed in it, size 18x48 inches. One 
steam and one column way was driven from third to second level to 
supply the pump on the lower level. 

The road beds are exceptionally good. The ventilation and drain- 
age are also in good condition. 

Boston Run Colliery 

Outside — They have constructed two tubular boilers, size 6x18 
feet, built a lamp house and inside foreman's office combined 26x15x8 
feet, and a v,ash house, size 24x24x9 feet. They have also laid an 
engine foundation for the little Buck Mountain slope 26x60 feet. 

Inside — A tunnel was driven from Holmes to Primrose second 
level, length 110 feet. Another v.as driven from bottom split of 
Mammoth to Skidmore second level, length 45 feet. A third tunnel 
was driven from Buck Mountain to Little Buck Mountain third level. 



438 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

length 60 feet. They have driven an air tunnel from Little Bnck 
Mountain to Buck mountain water level, main airway, length 30 feet. 
They have sunk the Little Buck Mountain Gunboat slope to a depth 
of 950 feet from surface, but it is not yet completed. They have 
driven two air tunnels from Seven-foot to Skidmore, second level, 
6x6 feet, length 40 feet through slate and rock. 

An airway 10x10 feet has been driven in the Buck Mountain vein 
from the surface to the second level to act as an out-let for Saint 
Nicholas Colliery, length 450 feet. It is partly finished. The ven- 
tilation, drainage and road beds are in good condition. 

Tunnel Kidge Colliery 

This is another important colliery. An underground single track 
slo] e is being sunk m the Skidmore vein, south dip, but it is not yet 
comi'leted. A tunnel from the Seven Foot to the Skidmore vein 
foi-ming a landing at the top of this underground slope 60 feet in 
length has been driven. A new pump house was driven in the solid 
rock and a 12x4S inch pump was placed in it. 

Outside — Two new tubular boilers Gxl8 feet have been erected. 
One bore hole to the depth of 510 feet with six inch casing where 
ropes shall be placed for the purpose of hoisting from the under- 
ground sl«pe. An engine house has been placed at the bore hole 
with an engine 18x48 inches. 

Ventilation, drainage and road beds of this colliery are in good 
order. 

North Mahanoy Colliery 

Outside — They have erected a new^ engine house where a pair of 
new engines 30x60 inches were placed, doing away with a smaller 
pair which only hoisted four cars per trip, while the new ones will 
hoist six cars per trip. 

Inside — ^^A tunnel was driven from the bottom split to the top split 
mammoth vein, in the Ellangowan basin, length 332 feet and struck 
a vein 19 feet in the thickness of good coal. 

Ventilation, drainage and etc., are in good order. 

Knickerbocker Colliery 

In the Buck Mountain seam, they have just completed the first 
level of an underground slope. This slope is driven across the pitch 
a distance of 650 feet. They have driven an airway parallel with, 
this slope, and they are now driving a tunnel on this level from the 
Buck Mountain to the bottom split of the Mammoth vein. This tun- 



No. 12. ELEVENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 439 

nel will cut tlie Seven Foot and Skidniore. Thev have also driven 
a tunnel from the botloni split to the top split of the Mammoth vein. 
Wntilation, drainage and load beds are in good condition. 

JNIahanoy City Colliery 

Outside — Two bore holes 530 feet each in depth with four and five 
inch casing in which ro]»es will be placed for the purpose of lioisting 
from an underground shaft. The foundations for the engines are 
nearly completed. 

Inside — A rock plane has been driven from second level, Holmes 
vein, through rock a distance of 255 feet, cutting the Primrose vein. 
A new underground shaft is being sunk to the basin of the Buck 
MoiHilain vein. By means of this shaft they will be able to mine coal 
belo\\ their present levels. 

The ventilation, drainage and road beds are in good order. 

EUaugowan Colliery 

There has been erected at the bottom of the shaft -a pump house 
in rock between the bottom and middle veins, 95x25x16 feet in which 
are placed two coal and iron pumps 18x48 inches. Shaft level tun- 
nel driven from Seven Foot, cutting the Skidniore vein. Double 
track turnout in rock at top of No. 2 slope, IS feet wide and 221 feet 
long. 

One air locomotive hauling coal from top of slope to bottom of 
shaft. -V five inch air line from compressor house on surface to west 
end of shaft level turnout and from shaft level to fifth level. A 
tunnel driven in fifth level from Buck ^Mountain, cutting Seven Foot 
and Skidmore veins. A tunnid in fifth level east, cutting the Skid- 
more vein. One air locomotive hauling the coal from the turnouts in 
the different veins to the bo(tom of the slope. 

Ventilation, drainage and road beds in this Colliery are in good 
condition. 

LEHIGH VALLEY COAL COMPANY 

Primrose Colliery 

A tunnel 200 feet in length was driven northward on the water 
level from ten foot or bottom S!>lit of mammoth to (he seven foot. 
A tunnel 210 feet long was driven from east ten foot water level 
gangway to connect the basin slope. An eight inch rope hole was 
put down 117 feet from the surface to east plane level basin slope 
in the mammolli vein for the moi-e economical operation of the 
spoon end of the basin. To do this work a pair of 12x20 foot engines 
w'ere ]>laced on the surface in a oOx25 foot frame building. 

A new pump house 12x20x60 feet was conslructed at a location 



440 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

120 feet east of main hoisting slope. A new dam was constructed 
on the surface for the purpose of taking care of the discharged 
pump water or water pumped. A combination blacksmith, carpen- 
ter and machine shop was erected, frame 55 feet square. 
Ventilation, drainage, etc., are in good order. 

CRYSTAL RUN COAL COMPANY 

Broad Mountain Colliery 

They have started a new level in the Buck Mountain vein below 
the present level. This new level was opened on No. 3 slope, and 
this slope was sunk a number of years ago and had been filled with 
water. We pumped the water out of said slope to a depth of 350 
feet, and at a distance of 325 feet started the said new level. We 
struck a splendid Buck Mountain vein eleven feet in thickness. They 
propose to pump the remainder of the water out the slope as there 
still remains a depth of 250 feet to the basin. Outside they have 
erected three tubular boilers of a high grade. 

The ventilation, drainage, etc., are in good condition. 

SILVER BROOK COAL COMPANY 

Silver Brook Colliery 

At a distance of ' 1,6G0 feet from the slope a subterranean slope 
has been sunk to the bottom of the basin a distance of 250 feet, with 
an average of 48 degrees pitch. Struck coal eight feet thick at 
bottom of basin, good quality. An airway west of the workings has 
been driven to the surface, a distance of 275 feet on- an average pitch 
of 30 degrees. 

The ventilation is fair, drainage and road beds not so good. 

LENTZ AND COMPANY 

Park Place Colliery . 

Outside of the ventilation being greatly improved, there is nothing 
worth mentioning, as the other improvements are very few and 
small. 

The ventilation, drainage and roads are in good condition. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

Examinations of candidates for mine foremen and assistant mine 
foremen were held May 12 and August 8. The following applicants 
were successful and received certificates of qualification. 

Mine Foremen 
Gwyllm Jones, Shenandoah; Joseph F. Long, Silver Brook: Wil- 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTKICT 441 

liam Lamuels, Mabanoj City; Michael McNelis, Mabanoy City; Pat- 
rick J. Moore, Mahanoy City; Thomas Bray, Mahanoy City; John 
Kericher, St. Nicholas; Evan Thomas, Frackville. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

William Evans, Shenandoah; John Dietrick, Shenandoah; John 
Twait, Shenandoah; Thomas Manion, Shenandoah; James Herring- 
ton, Shenandoah; William McLaren, St. Nicholas; John Wentz, St. 
Nicholas; John Coughlin, Mahanoy City; Bar tie Traiuor, Mahanoy 
City; Michael Seanlan, Mahanoy City; Henry Fry, Shenandoah; Ben- 
jamin Motz, Shenandoah; Thomas R. Powell, St. Nicholas; Thomas 
Moore, Mahanoy City; John Braithwaite^ St. Nicholas; W^illiam 
Southall, St. Nicholas; George Witchey, Mahanoy City; Grifith T. 
Powell, St. Nicholas; John Friel, Mahanoy City; John Gurtitus, St. 
Nicholas; Jacob Webb, Mahanoy City; Thomas J. Davis, Branond- 
ville; James Foley, Gilberton; Charles McKerns, St. Nicholas; 
George Campbell, Mahanoy City; Charles Terrill, St. Nicholas; John 
Perry, Mahanoy City; John Southall, Mahanoy City; James Hallo- 
way, Mahanoy City; Robert Williams, Mahanoy City; George Car- 
mitchel, Mahanoy City; Thomas H. Hales, St. Nicholas; David Miles, 
St. Nicholas; John Cody, Mahanoy City; William Glover, Park Place; 
Alexander Bradley, Park Place; Harry Hales, Mahanoy City; Wil- 
liam Anderson, Mahanoy City; Owen Jones, Mahanoy City; Philip 
Schlimmer, Mahanoy City; James Kennedy, St. Nicholas; William 
Cone, Mahanoy City; Lewis J. Benedict, Mahanoy City; John Hig- 
gins, St. Nicholas. 



'-:^^^^ 



(442) 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Twelfth Anthracite District 



SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 



Pottsville, Til., March 1, 1904. 
Hon. James E. Roderick, Chief of Department of. Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith my report as Inspec- 
tor of Mines for the Twelfth Anthracite District, for the year end- 
ing December 31, 1903. 

It contains the usual statistics in tabulated form. The total pro- 
duction of coal was 3,498,306. There were 7,923 persous employed. 
To produce this quantity of coal 55,817 kegs of powder and 445,055 
pounds of dynamite Avere used. The number of fatal accidents was 
33; the number of non-fatal 88. 

Respectfully submitted, 

MICHAEL J. BRENNAN, 

Inspector. 



(443) 



444 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Oft". Doc. 



Twelfth Anthracite District, 1903 

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 21 

Number of mines in operation, 21 

Number of tons of coal produced, 3,498,306 

Number of tons shipped to market, 3,013,224 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 30,567 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 447,015 

Number of persons" employed inside the mines, 4,845 

Number of persons emploj^ed outside, 3,078 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 28 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 124,939 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, 173 

Number fatal accidents outside, 5 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 616 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, .... 22 

Number of childi'en orphaned by fatal accidents, 50 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 73 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, • 66 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 15 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident 

outside, 205 

Number of electric motors used inside, 5 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 38 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 16 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 5 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 445 



TABLE A.— Twelfth Anthracite District, 1903 

PRODUCTION OF COAI- 

Names of Compauies Tons 

Philadelphia and Heading Coal and Iron Company, . . . 1,818,592 

Leisenring and Compan}-, 158,339 

Pine Hill Coal Company', 184,483 

Buck Run Coal Company, 184,518 

Darkwater Coal Company, 21,320 

Lytle Coal Company, 224,775 

St. Clair Coal Company, 469,789 

Silverton Coal Company, 60,454 

East Ridge Coal Company, 112,645 

Davis Brothers, 46,457 

E. C. White and Company, 40,654 

Mt. Hope Coal Company, : 54,800 

Losch, Snyder and Company, 21,514 

Black Diamond Anthracite Coal Company, 9,000 

Stoddart Coal Company, . . . .' 90,966 

Total, 3,498,306 



Production by Counties 
Schuylkill, 3,498,306 



446 



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TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



451 



TABLE G.— Twelfth Anthracite District, 1903 
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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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REPCKT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc 



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12,214 
30,603 
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2;h 



No. 12. 



TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



457 



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33 



458 



REPOliT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



ssiniu puB S9S.I011 JO jequinM 



pssn 
a^IuiBuXp JO spunod jo JsqiunM 



t-c^w<?s'^ rn-.j' ai^r-<t^'^<c>tcn 



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s^uapiooB iB^Bj-uou JO jsqiutiM 



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saXoidiua jo Jaqiun>i 



(saiJaqSTJM Suipntoui ^on) 
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112,645 
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No. 12. 



TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



459 



saossaadtuoo aiB jo jaqtuiiiV 


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4,500 
1,800 
2,740 
1,464 
4,280 
1,800 
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311 


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4,800 
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3,400 
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6,290 
3,600 
246 


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6,277 
5,560 
1,863 
1,372 

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1,380 
4,827 

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2,340 
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240 
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460 



RLPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 











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No, 12. 



TWKLFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



461 



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RE^'ORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



463 



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464 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



Off. Doc. 



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No. 12. 



TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



465 



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466 



REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



467 



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No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 473 

FATAL, ACCIDENTS 

By Falls of Coal, Slate and Koof 

January 17. Domiuick V'itallo, miner at Pine Hill Colliery, was 
working in a breast and had the breast about finished, and was about 
to quit work for the day, when a fall of rock from a roll in the face of 
breast fell without warning, injuring him severely. He died next 
day. 

February 16. Peter Miller, a miner at Good Spring Colliery, was 
engaged drilling a hole at the face of breast when a piece of slate 
fell, killing him. 

February 27. Charles Kobinson, miner at Brookside Colliery, was 
down the breast starting the coal which was blocked in the chute, 
when the coal started and a lump struck a prop near by, causing a 
piece of rock to fall from over the prop, killing him. 

March 21. John Chervaurk, a laborer at St. Clair Colliery, and 
his miner, were working in a breast. There was a piece of loose 
rock at the face and they both tried to pull it down, but failed. The 
miner told his laborer not to go near it until he fired another hole 
from beneath it, but the warning was not heeded. He told the miner 
he was no greenhorn. He did not work long before it fell, catch- 
ing and killing him. 

April G. George Alabnda, miner at Lytle Colliery, was engaged 
robbing pillars. He had drilled and charged two holes, one in the 
top and bottom benches. He fired the bottom one, went back to 
.see what it had done, and while examining it the top coal that he 
had the second hole drilled in fell on him, killing him. 
> April 15. Louis Trasetta, a miner at Phoenix Park, was working 
with a pick in the gangway face under a piece of top coal, when it 
fell on him killing him. His butty said he had tried to pull it down 
several times and failed. 

April 29. William Wythe and Edward Frank, miners, were work- 
ing together in a breast at Oak Hill Colliery. They went down for 
dinner and shortly after returning to face were killed by a fall of 
rock which had formed in the shape of a V. From the position in 
which one of them was found, it would seem that he was getting 
ready to prop the rock. 

May 2. Martin W^anok, a miner at W^adesville Colliery, was en- 
gaged robbing pillars in big vein. When he commenced work in 
the morning, the place appeared quiet. He was working but a short 
time when a fall of coal occurred, killing him instantly. 

May 5. Martin Manakowski, a laborer at Silverton Colliery, was 
working with timber men cleaning up a fall on the gangway W. Tun- 
nel vein. No. 3 level Black Mine Slope, w\hen a piece of slate 18 inches 
square by 2 inches thick feel on him and killed him. 



474 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

June 5. George Smith, a laborer, was employed with two others 
at Lincoln Colliery making a turnout in No. 2 slope. They fired a 
blast in a roll of rock which crossed the turnout, and the miner says 
he examined the top after the blast and found a piece bad and told 
the other men to keep from under it until he could drill a hole in 
it. They commenced cleaning up to get the car in to make a plat- 
form on which to stand in order to drill this hole. The miner was 
breaking a piece of rock wiih a hammer, and in order to avoid the 
small pieces that were flying from the hammer, Smith stepped out of 
the way and stood beneath the bad piece, when it fell on him and 
killed him. 

June 10. George Feaster, a miner at East Brookside Colliery, 
was engaged robbing pillars. He went into a pillar heading to com- 
mence a new section and it is supposed he attempted to remove some 
laggings from high side of heading, which caused the pillar to run 
and cover him and jjartl}' cover his butty. It was several hours be- 
fore they were liberated. Feaster was dead, but his butty was un- 
hurt. 

June 15. Herman Nehanky, a miner working in a breast at Brook- 
side Collier}^, was prying down a piece of top coal when a piece of 
slate fell on him, killing him. 

July 29. Joseph Yeneric, a miner at Oak Hill Colliery, was work- 
ing in a breast. He had fired one blast in the opening of a pillar 
heading and was in the act of trimming off the loose pieces when a 
piece of top coal from the upper side of heading fell on him, killing 
him. 

November 11. Henry Morgan, a miner at Good Spring Colliery, 
was trimming down loose coal at face of breast, after blasting, Avhen 
a piece gravitated from a back slip that reached jtartly across the 
face, and killed him. 

December 14. William Irving, a miner at the Otto Colliery, was 
prying down a lump of coal in his breast that hung along the pillar. 
He tried to pull it from the upper side but failed, he then went be- 
low it and attempted to pry a few pieces from beneath it. It fell 
on him fatally injuring him. He died next day. 

December 18. John Curry, a miner was killed at No. 4 Slope, 
Brookside Colliery. He was engaged with three others in robbing 
pillars. He and his butty went to the gangway to have lunch and 
Avhen they returned his other two partners who had remained at 
the pillar told him the place was working. Curry and Stackum, the 
other miner, went in to examine the place. Curry picked up a drill, 
sounded the roll which reached across the face and pronounced it 
good. About three minutes afterward it fell, killing hiju. The pick 
in Stackum's hand w^as broken in his attempt to escape. The rock 
was too large to determine accurately by sounding, whether or not 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 475 

it was safe to work boueatli it. There were tweuty cars or more in 
the face. 

December 29. Daniel Williams, a miner at Pine Hill Colliery, was 
working in a chute in West Skidmore No. 1 counter in the shaft. 
He came down from chute and went into the face of counter gang- 
way to get buggy to buggy coal from his chute. This gangway is 
crossing old breasts and was holed full width into one, the top 
state of which had fallen across the breast to the thickness of 8 or 
9 inches in line with the face of the gangway, leaving a piece hanging 
over the gangway face. The gangway man sounded this piece and 
concluded it was solid but did not like its appearance and was 
cleaning up the coal with the intention of timbering beneath it, when 
Williams approached him and spoke a few words when the piece 
fell killing him. The gangway man made a narrow escape. 

By Cars 

May 16. Evan Hummel, a laborer at Good Spring Colliery, was 
driving a mule after (putting time. He had 6 empty cars attached 
to the mule, 3 cars being a regular trip. The mule commenced kick- 
ing, and in trying to avoid coming in contact with the mule's hoofs 
he moved from the front to the side of the car and was caught be- 
tween top slate and car. Died May 23 at Miners' Hospital. 

July 29. Edgar Clark, a spragger at Silverton Colliery, jumped 
on empty trip of cars that were being hauled on turnout at bottom 
of slope, to uncouple a side chain. After uncoupling the chain he 
either fell under the cars or was knocked under by coming in con- 
tact with high side leg of turnout timber, and was fatally injured. 

By Explosions 

January 2. Joseph Procup, Michael Onder, Andrew Onder, three 
miners at Oak Hill Colliery, on January 2, procured a case of dyna- 
mite to be divided equally among four miners, the representatives 
of two breasts. They carried the dynamite in their turn until they 
reached a point where botli sets of men were to separate to go to 
their places of work. It is supposed that one of the men used a 
pick to open the c;ise to divide the d^'namite and thereby caus(Ml it to 
explode, mangling the three men beyond recognition. 

By Falling Down Shafts, Slopes, Etc. 

February G. Adam Miller, top man at East Brookside Shaft, was 
assisting to lower timber blocks down the shaft. He removed the 
bucket from the truck and put his foot to one end of the truck and 



476 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES Off. Doc. 

his arm around the shaft guide to push it off. In moving the 
truck, he reached his full length in over the shaft. While attempt- 
ing to regain his footing, he fell down the shaft and was killed. 

February 16. Michael J. Murphy, fire boss at Lytle Colliery, was 
working by night. He got on the car at bottom of inside slope to 
ascend the slope, the car jumped the track, throwing him down the 
slope. He was found at bottom v, ith his skull fractured. He died 
next day at the Pottsville Hospital. 

March 21. Christ Maurer, a miner at Good Spring Colliery, and 
his partner had fired two blasts in the face of breast, and on retir- 
ing from the blasts each man went down his own manway. Maurer's 
manway being the upcast, he was the first to return to face. He 
went back too soon. Maurer's blast did not do the work expected. 
It blew out on a slip thereby leaving a large cavity which the air 
did not reach and likely contained a quantity of carbonic oxide gas. 
Maurer must have put his h<'ad and body into this cavity and was 
overcome by the smoke and gas and fell down the manway and was 
killed. 

Miscellaneous 

July 18. David Richards, a driver at Lytle Colliery, was waiting 
for an empty trip at the bottom of underground slope. The empty 
car descending, was nearing the bottom. Seeing the footman en- 
gaged eating his lunch and being of liberal nature, he went to bottom 
and while w^aiting to throw the spreader chain from the car, the 
back-board used for retaining the coal in the car while ascending the 
sloi3e, somehow or other, worked its way out over the back of the 
car, striking him and fatally injuring him. » 

Outside — By Cars 

August 4. Frank Chicko, a loader at Fine Hill Colliery, with two 
others, was on the gangway going home from work when they heard 
the motor with a trip of loaded cars coming out. They stepped to 
one side to let the trip pass. The motor with four .cars passed, when 
Chicko jumped the rear end of the fourth car, thinking it was last 
car of trip. Inside, part of the trip had become detached and fol- 
lowed close behind the first part. It caught up to the first section 
and squeezed him between the bumpers. He died next day at 
Miners' Hospital. 

By Machinery 

January 20. John Karak, a car loader at Otto Colliery, was in- 
side of a box car that was being loaded, shovelling back coal. The. 
coal train conductor ran a box car in on the siding, the car began to 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 477 

gain speed, he applied the brakes, but the rails being frosty, the 
brakes failed to work effectively. The car bumped a car that was 
being loaded, catching Karak between a branch chute that extended 
into the car and tlie side of the car door, killing him. 

February 16. Eichard G. V. Adams, an oiler at Buck Kun Colliery, 
was making his rounds oiling the machinery. For some cause un- 
known, he got over the fencing that guarded the machinery and was 
caught in the sprocket wheel of the elevator and killed. 

September 15. William O'Brien, tip man at Buck Run Colliery, 
was leaving for home at quitting time. He went by a short cut 
under the car track and at the tip he jumped to a plank below. The 
plank broke precipitating him to the ground fracturing his spine. 
He died in Miners' Hospital. 

December 1.5. Abe Frantz, a slate picker at Roberts Colliery, 
uodced the pea coal chute was blocked, and informed the breaker 
boss of it. He was told that there was a boy there for starting the 
coal. Contrary to orders he went to the chute, but was called back. 
As he returned he was caught by the shaker shaft and killed. 

December 18. John W. Mahoney, a miner employed outside at 
Roberts Colliery, was blasting a side cut for mine car track from 
stripping to breaker. He drilled a seven foot hole at an angle of 
about 70 degrees, placed the greater part of a stick of dynamite in 
the hole and exploded it with the intention of springing the hole. 
A short time afterwards, he poured the greater part of a Ivcg of black 
powder into the hole, and did not place any tamping or covering 
over the powder, with the exception of the tamping stick which 
he let lie loosely on it, while igniting the fuse. The blast was ex- 
ploded by a spark from the match or fuse dropping into the hole. He 
was killed instantly. 

THE CONDITION OF COLLIERIES 

The sanitary condition of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and 
Iron Company's mines is exceptionally good. The company operates 
the following collieries: 

Wades ville, Glendower, Phoenix Park, Otto, Good Spring Nos. 
1 and 3, Brookside and Lincoln. 

LYTLE COAL COMPANY 

Lytle Colliery 

The sanitary condition of this colliery is good with the excc])tion 
of Skidmore Plane. A new 18 foot fan is in course of erection and 
when running will improve the condition of the ventilation at this 



478 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

colliery. The ill effects of 1902 strike have not as yet been over- 
come at this colliery. Great credit must be given the management 
for the rapidity and care exercised in surmounting the obstacles 
caused by the strike. Numerous gangways and airways were closed 
tight and the company has been constantly engaged in reopening 
them, but has not yet reached the face of some of them. The Skid- 
more gangway is one of this number. Not one accident can be 
traced to the work of reopening. 



DBISENRING AND COMPANY 

Oak Hill Colliery 
The sanitary condition of this colliery is good, with the exception 
of drainage of East Skidmore, north basin gangway, which is bad. 
Credit is due the management and operator of this colliery for the 
speed and care exercised in removing the water and opening up 
the gangways and airways that were closed during the strike. Al- 
though unfortunate in having a large list of fatal accidents, not one 
of them can be attributed to this cause. 

STLVERTON COAL, COMPANY 

Silverton Colliery 
The sanitary condition of this colliery is good with the exception 
of West Black Mine, gangway No. 3 dip. The Company is opening 
and will have finished in a short time, a new outlet to the fan. 
When completed, I have no doubt it will considerably improve the 
ventilation. 

ST. CDAIR COAL. COMPANY 

St. Clair Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 

BLACK DIAMOND ANTHRACITE COAL COMPANY 

Black Diamond Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 

EAST RIDGE COAL COMPANY 

East Ridge Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT I'S 

DAVIS BROTHERS 

Ellsworth Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 

E. C. WHITE AND COMPANY 

Howard Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 

MT. HOPE COAL COMPANY 

Mt. Hope Mine 

The sanitary condition of this mine is good with the exception of 
the big vein workings, which in my opinion, owing to the. condition 
of the same, are hard to ventilate, they having been worked 
over and over again by different parties, and the coal being more 
or less crushed. I found in the beginning of the year that the ven- 
tilation in the Seven Foot vein was not what it should be, and after 
consulting with Mr. Kynor, the superintendent, on the matter, he 
neither lost time nor spared money to improve it. There is at pres- 
ent a new 12 foot fan running on this vein and giving good satisfac- 
tion. 

BUCK RUN COAL COMPANY 

Buck Run Mine 
The sanitary condition of this mine is good. 

PINE HILL COAL COMPANY 

Pine Hill Mine 

The sanitary condition of this mine is good, with the excep- 
tion of the East Red Ash gangway in shaft, the drainage of 
which is bad. Though being in bad condition it does not reflect 
any discredit upon the management. The gangway is being robbed 
and will be finished in a short time. The track heaves a great 
deal and causes unlimited trouble and expense. There being but 
a few men at work in this gangway, and the limit of work being 
of small area, the expense incurred under the circumstances would 
hardly be necessary. 



480 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

LOSCH, SNYDER AND COMPANY 

Lorberry Colliery 

This colliery lias been idle the greater part of the yeav and is at 
present drowned. 

Improvements 

PHILADELPHIA AND READING COAL AND IRON COMPANY 

Otto Colliery, West Slope 

A tunnel has been driven through saddle at No. 50 breast in the 
east top bench gangway. Length of tunnel is 575 feet. A con- 
tinuation of the same tunnel has been driven from the top to the 
bottom bench of mammoth vein, a distance of 60 feet. 

The main tunnel near the bottom of slope has been extended from 
the top to the bottom bench of mammoth vein, also an air tunnel 
to ventilate the same. 

Swatara Basin Slope 

A tunnel has been driven through saddle from southern to north- 
ern basin, length 182 feet. ♦ 

A tunnel has been driven on the top of No. 1 plane from bottom 
to the top bench of mammoth vein, length 115 feet. 

A tunnel is now being driven in West Skidmore water level gang- 
Avay to Buck Mountain vein. At present writing it has been driven 
100 feet. 

Pine Knot Shaft 

The Pine Knot Shaft has been sunk 752 feet during the j^ear. The 
depth of shaft at end of jear Avas 1,017 feet. 



Wades ville Colliery 

A plane has been driven on West Holmes vein gangway 765 feet 
long, from which there Mali be worked 2 lifts of the Holmes, Prim- 
rose and Orchard veins. The rope will be run through an 8 inch 
bore hole from the surface to handle the coal on this plane. 



Middle Creek Colliery 

The breaker has been remodeled into a washerj^ and the coal iji 
the old banks will be reclaimed. 



I 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 481 

Good Spring- Colliery 

No. 1 Slope. — One (1) trial slope on No. 2 Lykens Valley vein has 
been sunk to a depth of 121 yards and stopped. 

Mammoth vein tender slope has been sunk from second lift to 
third lift, a distance of 305 feet, making total length of slope to date 
1,081 feet. 

No. 3 Slope. — One (1) steam pipe bore hole 8 inches in diameter 
has been sunk to pump house on second lift, the depth of which is 
447 feet. 

A second steam pipe hole is now being sunk and has reached a 
depth of 132 feet. 

One tunnel from Mammoth to Skidmore vein, second lift, 49 1-3 
yards long. 

One IS foot standard fan has been erected to ventilate second lift 
workings. 

Lincoln Colliery 

The first coal dumped in new breaker was on June 22, 1903, and 
the old breaker abandoned July 1, 1903. 

One set standard return tubular boilers, 18 feet long G. feet in 
diameter, was erected. 

One complete new fan blast plant has been erected. 

One tunnel, fourth lift. No. 2 slope west. No. 5 vein gangway from 
No. 5 to No. 4 vein, 150 feet long. 

Two new blocks of miners' houses 2| stories high have been built. 

West Brookside Colliery 

One tunnel on third lift basin, slope west gangway from No. 5 to 
No, 4 vein, 37 1-3 yards. 

. One tunnel on third lift basin, slope west gangway from No. 5 
to No. 4 vein, 34 j^ards. 

One tunnel on fifth lift basin, slope west gaug'Nvay from No. 5 to 
No. 4 vein, 48 yards. 

East Brookside Colliery 

The water and coal shaft had reached a depth of 1,0G1 feet, Decem- 
ber 31, 1903. 

One pair direct acting engines 24 inch cylinder, 5 foot stroke, has 
been placed in position to complete the sinking of shaft. 

LYTLE COAL COMPANY 

Lytle Colliery 
A new air shaft was sunk 00 feet deep from surface (o IVig Tracey 

31—12—1903 



482 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

veiu, c'Oimecting with aii airway driven in the Traeey seam from the 
second level. 

A new 18 foot reversible fan built of concrete and iron has been 
erected over the Traeey airAvay. 

Second level, a tunnel has been driven from Big Traeey to Little 
Diamond, east and west of the shaft, a distance of 160 feet and 155 
feet respectively. These two tunnels were driven to make connec- 
tion to cross from the east to west side of the shaft. 

A tunnel has been driven from the Big- to the Little Traeey, a dis- 
tance of 145 feet. Air tunnel from the Big Traeey to the Big Dia- 
mond is being driven, and is now in 100 feet. 

Fourth level, a tunnel has been driven from the Big Diamond, 
cutting the Little Diamond at a distance of 120 feet. 

Fifth level, a tunnel has been driven from White Ash cutting 4 
foot vein at a distance of 40 feet. An air tunnel has been driven 
from Primrose, cutting the Holmes at a distance of 78 feet. 

A tunnel has been driven from Big Diamond south dip, cutting 
the Big Diamond on the north dip at a distance of 350 feet. 

A double track tunnel has been completed from the Orchard to 
the Big Diamond vein, a distance of 285 feet, 120 feet of which have 
been driven this year. 

A tunnel has been driven from the Diamond to the Orchard 190 
feet. They expect when it is completed it will be 400 feet long. 

BUCK RUN COAL COMPANY 

Buck Eun Colliery 

There has been an inside slope sunk on the Crosby vein, a dis- 
tance of 358 feet, on an angle of 46 degrees. A tunnel has been 
started north to the Daniel vein and gangways turned east and west 
on the Crosby. 

"dARKWATER coal COMPANY 

Roberts Colliery 

Roberts Colliery, formerly under control of the Darkwater Coal 
Company, is now operated by the Buck Run Coal Company. A new 
breaker which, when completed, will have a cajiacity of 400 tons, 
is being erected. New slopes are being sunk in the Skidmore vein 
in the back basin and the lower bench of the Mammoth. 

THE ST. CLAIR COAL COMPANY 

The inside Buck Mountain slope has been extended at the drift 
workings to a depth of 1,430 feet. 
. There has been erected a blacksmith, carpenter and machine shop 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 483 

ou the site of the one binned do^^■n hist September, and also an 
iron engine house at head of diit phme to i-epUiee the one burned 
down hist October. 

They have constructed two new dams a short distance above the 
shaft boiler house, and have laid a two-mile line of 6 inch cast iron 
pipe to convey water from the dams to the boiler house at the 
breaker. 

There has been considerable work in the way of improving the 
electric plant. They have added a 24x22 inch McEwen engine of 
450 horse power, running 190 revolutions i)er minute, which is di- 
rectly connected to an S pole Fort Wayne generator of 278 K. W., 
and will give a total haulage output of 1,400 amperes at 275 volts; 
also a new switch board to accommodate the instruments rendered 
necessary b}- the new unit. 

The small engine running the light dynamo has been replaced with 
a new^ 80 horse power McEwen engine. 

Another 8 ton electric locomotive has been placed in the drift 
slope workings. 

An electric pump of the 3 plunger vertical style, having a capa- 
city of 50 gallons per minute at 325 feet vertical, has been placed 
at the bottom of the new inside slope. 

A large drum electric hoist has been installed to hoist on the in- 
side plane at the tunnel workings. 

SILVERTON COAL COMPANY 

Silverton Colliery 

A tunnel has been driven direct from the bottom of Salem slope to 
South Salem vein 511 feet. 

A tunnel has been driven from second lift of Black Miue slope 
223 feet long to the first and second dip of Tunnel vein. 

A tunnel has been driven in the water level drift from the first 
to the second dip of the Salem vein. 

BLACK DIAMOND ANTHRACITE COAL COMPANY 

The slope reported last year is completed at a distance of 340 feet 
at an average angle of 32 degrees. The west gangway has been 
extended from the slope 1,200 feet. The east gan,gway has been 
extended 450 feet. When it reaches a point 750 feet east of the 
jiresent slope, a permanent slope will be put down. 

The breaker, the foundation of which was reported to be under 
course of construction last year, is near completion and is expected 
to resume work in the near future. Its capacity will be 1,500 tons 
per day. 



484 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

A narrow gauge railroad connecting the slope with trestle plane, 
and that connecting with breaker is about to be constructed, A 
small locomotive, 36 inch gauge, will supply the motive power. 

A commodious ofliice and supply house building, a blacksmith and 
carpenter shop and boiler house have been erected during the year. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The annual examinations of applicants for mine foremen and 
assistant mine foremen certificates of qualification were held in the 
cornet house, Pottsville, April 28 and 29, and August 25, 26, 27 and 
28. The board consisted of Michael J; Brennan, inspector, Potts- 
ville;John Maguire, superintendent, Potts ville; Fred. Osman, miner, 
Newtown; Jacom Amos, miner, Branchdale, and the following per- 
sons were recommended for certificates: 

Mine Foremen 
Evan C. Jones, St. Clair. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

Michael J. Ward, Minersville; Henry Adams, Minersville; Irvin 
Daubert, Llewellyn; John O'Brien, Hecksclierville; John H. Augus- 
tine, Llewellyn; Michael O'Brien, Heckscherville; Martin Dougherty, 
St. Clair; Patrick J. McCullough, St. Clair; Irvin A. Lasch, Miners- 
ville; James F. Haley, Joliett; Daniel J. Farley, Tower City; Samuel 
W. Miller, Tremont; David J. Williams, Joliett; John E. Davy, 
Llewellyn; George H. Godfrey, Minersville; William Shearstone, 
Minersville; Oliver Zerby, Llewellyn; Luke Nolan, Wade; Joseph H. 
Evans, Peoples; Kudolph J. Schneider, Keinerton; Charles E. Shoif- 
stall, Minersville; Louis Steinman, Llewellyn; Jacob Bittinger, Tre- 
mont; Arthur Hughes, Heckscherville; Richard Foran, Minersville; 
H. H. Adams, Tower City; James Sweeney, Duncott; William Keiser, 
Reiuerton; Irvin Zimmerman, Llewellyn; Frank H. Schneider, Rein- 
erton; Richard Birch, St. Clair; Jacob Hoppstetter, Minersville; 
Charles Maurer, Tower City; Henry J. Murphy, Tower City; Harry 
L. Kopp, Tower City; George M. Latshaw, Tower City; John J. Mc- 
Andrew, Minersville; John Farrell, Tower City; Adam Williams, 
Joliett; Michael Close, Heckscherville; David Hughes, Minersville; 
John J. Cavanaugh, Good Spring; Daniel P. McGiuley, Tremont; 
George Myers, Reinerton; John J. Kelley, Wade; Evan D. Jenkins, 
Wade; Leonard F. Schmidt, Minersville; Samuel Clark, Joliett; 
William Davis, St. Clair; William H. Smith, Tower City; John 
Charles, Minersville; Thomas O'Boyle, Glen Carbon; Elias Schreffler, 



No. 12. TWELFTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 485 

Joliett; -William A. Slioirstall, Joliett; Ferdinand Kichter, Jolictt; 
Michael Ai>j»l(4\v, Bianchdalc; Samuel Evans, Minersville; William 
E. Minni<^, Jolielt; William F. Flannery, St. Ciair; Henry Seeber, 
Pottsville; James J. T>ui-ns, Si. Clair; Nicholas ('urran, Glen Carbon; 
James J. Brennan, Branchdale; William J. Lipsett, Heckscherville; 
Thomas F. English, Donaldson; Timothy J. Lyons, Joliett; John N. 
Eichenb/erjT;, Duncott; Thomas B, Conway, Joliett; James Connelly, 
Branchdale; George Alhey, Donaldson; Thomas Tobin, Glen Carbon; 
Patrick J. Smith, Wade; Frank B. Reilly, Minersville; Edward O. 
Williams. St. Clair; John James, Minersville; James Moran, Miners- 
ville; Joseph Lloyd, Minersville; John Dougherty, Minersville; 
Charles Rnmberger, Joliett; Salathiel Harris, Minersville; John 
Weideshold, Minersville; Christopher Ward, Minersville. 




( 4S6 ) 



OFFICIAL. DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Tliirteentli Anthracite District 



SCHUYLKILL COUNTY 



Pottsville, Pa., March 1, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Rodeiick, Chief of Department of Mines: - 

Sir: I have the honor of herewith submitting my first annual re- 
port as Inspector of Mines for the Thirteenth Anthracite District 
for the year 1903. 

It contains the usual tabular statements of mine accidents, the 
number of each class of employes, the quantity of coal prod^ced, a 
brief description of the sanitary condition of the collieries, the im- 
provements made in the past year, and other useful information. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOHN CURRAN, 
Inspector, 



( 487) 



4S8 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 



Thirteenth Anthracite District, 1903 

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of mines in district, 22 

Number of mines in operation, 22 

Number of tons of coal produced, 3,476,312 

Number of tons sliipped to marl^et, 3,029,403 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trade, 55,010 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 391,839 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 4,698 

Number of persons emi^loyed outside, 3,131 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 17 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 204,489 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, 276 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 7 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 447 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, .... 10 

Number of children orphaned by fatal accidents 34 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 86 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident in- 
side, 55 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, 20 

Number of persons eraplojed per non-fatal accident 

outside, 157 

Number of steam locomotives used inside, 5 

Number of compressed air locomotives used inside, .... 2 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 25 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 13 

Number of non-gaseous mines in operation, 9 



No. 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 489 



TABLE A.— Thirteenth Anthracite District, 1903 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, 944,266 

Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, . . . 519,981 

Lehigh and Wilkes-Barre Coal Company, 603,478 

Mill Creek Coal Company, 473,621 

Coxe Brothers and Company, Incorporated, 320,205 

Trnman M. Dodson Coal Company, 135,100 

Dodson Coal Company, 212,647 

Beddall Brothers, 96,099 

Duukelberger and Young, 10,929 

D. Shepp Estate, 23,111 

Slattery Brothers, . 21,604 

Gorman and Campion 29,770 

William Cook, 4,406 

Joseph H. Denning, 7,079 

Butcher Creek Coal Company, 12,507 

Phillips Brothers, 2,500 

Carson Coal Company, 8,770 

Smith, Me^'ers and Company, 50,239 

Total, : 3,476,312 

Pi'oduction by Counties 

Schuylkill, 3,476,312 



35 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



493 





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October 

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No. 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 495 

TABLE G.— Thirteenth Anthracite District. 1903 
Nationality of Persons Killed or Fatally Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 













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TABLE H.— Thirteenth Anthracite District, 1903 
Nationality of Persons Injured Inside and Outside the Mines 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



497 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



499 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



501 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



503 



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No. 12. 



THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



505 



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OP MINES 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



507 



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E.EPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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siuapueiuijadng 



spisui ib;oj, 



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uaui XuBdmoo 



uatudiund 



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SJ3UUn.I pUB S.I3AIJCI 



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No. 12. 



THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



509 









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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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No. 12. 



THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



511 



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REPORT OP THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES 



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THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 



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No- 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 519 

FATAL ACCIDENTS 

By Falls of Coal, Slate and Roof 

January 9. Anthony Uiban, miner, killed at Audenried, No. 4. 
He had fired three holes across the face of the breast the evening 
before. It appears the shots only sprung the coal and did not blow 
it down. When he Avent into the breast the next morning, he stood 
in the centre of it and started to trim the loose coal down. When 
he took one lump out of the T'entre, the whole mass fell on him, 
killing him instantly. 

January 22. George Farisli, laborer. Honey Brook No. 5. He was 
laboring for miners who were opening up a traveling way through 
an old breast and they were close to the surface, coming in a breach 
hole. The sand rock in the top lay in joints, and a piece fell from 
between two of the props which they had just stood and caught 
Farish against a prop, injuring him severely. He died in the State 
Hospital at Hazleton the same day. 

March .14. Michael Battersby, miner. Eagle Hill. He was rob- 
bing the East Skidmore vein and one of his partners was taking out 
the stump between the monkey Reading and the gangway. There 
was a piece of top slate hanging and he tried to get it down but 
failed. Battersby came to his assistance and started to take more 
coal from under it, weakening it. He had worked but a few min- 
utes, when it fell on him, killing him. 

June 29. Mike Washkill, miner at Silver Creek. He was working 
breast No. 11, east bottom bench, No. 3 plane. He had finished his 
day's work and was walking down the centre of the breast over the 
gob' (the vein pitches 20 degrees) and a piece of slate fell from the 
top and injured him severely. He died on the way home. 

August 19. Thomas Williams, shift leader in new shaft, Kaska- 
william Colliery. Was killed by a fall of rock from the side of the 
shaft. The shaft had been idle for four or five weeks, owing to a 
fire in another section of the mine. When the shaft resumed worE 
the leaders of each shift were warned to examine the sides of the 
shaft, to see that there was no loose rock on them. From the evi- 
dence on the inquest, he (Williams) did examine the shaft and pro- 
nounced it safe. The timber was back 29 feet from the bottom. Be- 
hind the last set of timber, there was some loose rock that may have 
escaped his notice. W'hen he fired his first round of shots, it dis- 
turbed this rock. They were in the act of loading the bucket, when 
it fell down and killed Williams and severely injured his three lab- 
orers. 

October 27. Gomer Jones, miner, killed at Morea. He was mak- 
ing room for a set of timber at the face of the gangway and had fired 
a shot in the top coal on the low side. This loosened a piece of 



520 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

coal in the centre of the gangway and when he went to dress the coal 
down to make room for the collar, this piece of coal fell on him and 
killed him. 

December 18. Frank Macaluse, miner. Breast No. 13, East Ly- 
kens vein, new tunnel No. 8 strippings. This man had w^orked three 
or four days in this breast and the face was about fourteen feet 
away from the timber, which had been set by the chute men. The 
drilling a hole in the face of the breast and the top slate commenced 
vein carries a slate top and is considered prettj' good. He was 
to work. He heard it and made an effort to get to the monkey head- 
ing. He had not gone more than six feet when a piece of slate four 
feet long, three feet wide and from three to four inches thick, fell on 
him and killed him. 

By Cars 

January 20. Stiney Poppel, inside laborer at Kaskawilliam Col- 
liery. He was going out to work on the night shift and a loaded 
car was coming down from the top of the shaft by gravity. He had 
his back turned to it, going towards the timber bank. Those who 
saw the danger he was in, shouted fit him to get out of the way, but 
he did not understand the language and paid no attention to them. 
The car struck him and rolled him under it along the track, killing 
him. Had he worked this shift, it would have been the second he 
worked in this country. 

February 28. John Palf, door boy, Oneida No. 1. He was riding 
on the front of the trip Avith the driver, standing on the bumper, on 
the high side. The platform of the breast extends outside the line 
of the timber. He must have pushed his body out of line with the 
car, and was caught between it and the platform. He was injured 
severely and died March 3. 

March 11. Charles Sharp, driver, Kaskawilliam. He was driv- 
ing to the bottom of the shaft and was coming out with a loaded 
trip and was caught between the timber on the high side of the 
gangway. Was injured severely and died the same day. 

May 19. Michael Campbell, miner. Buck Mountain Colliery. He 
was riding up the slope on a trip of empty cars, and at a point on 
the slope, where the timber was low, he was caught and pulled out 
of the car. He was riding in the first car and when he fell out, the 
last car of the trip passed over his body. He was severely injured 
and died at his home twelve hours afterwards. 

September 2. George Briggs, patcher on locomotive No. 19; haul- 
ing the coal from No. 6 slope to Oneida breaker. Killed by falling 
between the mine cars. He stood along side of the track to let the 
trip pass in order to set the switch. After setting the switch, lie 



No. 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 521 

got on the last car of the trip. The cars travel at a lively speed 
alouj^ this piece of track aiid he started to wallc along the top of 
the cars and fell between them. The last half of the trip passed 
over his body and killed him. 

December 10. Geo. Kovalick, laborer at Green Mountain, slope 
No. 5, Honey Brook. Smothered by a rush of fine dirt and water 
while loading a car out of No. 9 breast, East Lykens vein, north dip. 
The vein is at an angle of 75 to SO degrees, and in order to make it 
convenient to load the cars, they have a check batter}^ five to six feet 
above the line of the collars in the gangway. This battery turns 
the coal to a battery at righ angle to the pitch. From this battery, 
there is a short chute that drops the coal down into the cars through 
a square hole 2x2 inches. There is another hole of the same size 
between the next set of timber, that acts as a traveling way to get 
up and down to load the cars. When he started the check battery, 
the water that was held back by the fine dirt, made a rush, together 
with the fine dirt and blocked the first hole. He must have got ex- 
cited and made an effort to get through the second hole and got fast 
in it. The dirt rushed over on top of him, and before assistance 
came to him, he was smothered. If he had remained standing or 
stepped back a few feet, he would have been safe. 

By Cars' 

December 5. Martin Billin, outside laborer at No. 2 south strip- 
ping, Audenried No. 4. He was employed as foot man at the plane 
where the rock is hoisted from the strlppings. He got on the rock 
dumper to ride up to the blacksmith shop, which is situated near 
the top of the plane. When getting ofE the dumper, he slipped and 
fell under it, and was instantly killed. 

By Explosion of Gas 

May 7. Peter Skripco, miner. Silver Creek. He was working in 
breast No. 28, west top bench, 4 section. No. 3 plane. He fired a 
blast in the face of No. 28 breast, which blew into a heading that 
was driven from No. 29 breast. Gas had accumulated in the head- 
ing and the shot ignited it. Skripco was standing in the monkey 
heading, 50 feet away, and the concussion threw him down the empty 
chute, injuring him severely. He died on May 10th in the State 
Hospital at Fountain ^prings. 

June 22. Dennis O'Brien, miner, killed by an explosion of gas at 
No. 8 colliery, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company. He was work- 
ing in stump breast No. 11, east bottom bench, lower lift. He was 
going up the manway in the morning with a naked lamp on his head 
and a fall of coal brought the gas down on it. The gas ignited and 
87 



522 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

burned him severely. He was injured otherwise by being thrown 
down the manway. He died the same day. 

November 18. Thos. Mitchell, miner, fatally injured by an explo- 
sion of gas at No. 10 colliery, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company. 
This man was working in breast No. 3, east forty foot vein new tun- 
nel. He was cutting back through the benches to the top slate and 
was back about twenty feet. The vein had fallen to a considerable 
height over the face of the breast, and gas had accumulated in this 
hole. He was working with a naked lamp, when a fall of coal came 
from this point and brought the gas down on his lamp. It ignited 
and he was burned severely and injured otherwise by being thrown 
down the chute. He died at the Miners' Hospital, November 23. 

Suffocation by Gas 

January 19. Joseph Koskeveze, miner. Silver Creek. He was pre- 
pairing a blast, and when he was ready to lire it, his partner went 
down the inside manway and advised him to go down the outside 
manway to the monkey or main headv>^ay. He ignited the fuse and 
went into a blind headway, 20 feet from the face of the breast. After 
the shot exploded, large quantities of coal were liberated. The loose 
coal rushed down the manway. He no doubt was expecting it to 
cease running and he remained until the manways got blocked, pre- 
venting the air to circulate, and allowing the gas to accumulate, suf- 
focating him. 

By Machinery 

January 26. Kobert Morgan, breaker engineer. Silver Creek. He, 
with several others, was making repairs of the machinery in the 
breaker, after quitting time. When they completed their work and 
were preparing to go home, Morgan went to examine some sheave 
wheels or to put on a rope on the sheave when the machinery v/as 
started without warning him and he was caught by the sheave wheels 
and killed. 

July 23. William Spiedel, oiler, killed in Buck Mountain breaker. 
The last seen of this man was at 11.30 A. M. When he did not make 
his appearance at his usual place at dinner time, they made a search 
for him and found him dead with his clothes wrapped around the 
shaker shaft. The indications were that he put his arm in to put 
oil on the journal of the shaker shaft and was caught by a set screw 
which was on the shaft close to the journal. 

By Falling Down Shafts, Slopes, Etc. 

August 1. Frank Tolofski, laborer at Morea. He was helping to 
clean out the sump at the bottom of the shaft. He got on the cage 



No. 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 523 

and the bottom man signalled to the engineer to hoist him to the 
first lift, a distance of S8 feet. He (Tolofski) got off the cage and 
signalled the engineer to let the cage back to the bottom, which 
he did. Shortly afterwards Tolofski was found dead at the bottom 
of the shaft. 

By Blasts 

October 31. Emory Kovitch, laborer, killed at Bell Colliery. He 
was laboring in the gangway. He and the miner drilled three short 
holes to make room to shift the road to the high side of the gang- 
way. They charged two of the holes and fired them. The miner 
went back some distance to look after the mule they were working 
(it being on the night shift). He told Kovitch to sit down until he 
came back. He (Kovitch) w^ent into the gangway, .charged the re- 
maining hole and in igniting the fuse the blast exploded, injuring 
him severely. He died in the Miners' Hospital at Fountain Spring, 
November 8. 

Suffocated by Coal 

March 31. Daniel Sweeney, slate picker, was smothered in a coal 
chute at the Carson Coal Company washery. He and four other 
boys were playing in the coal pocket. The car loaders started to 
draw the coal and two of them were carried down with the coal and 
before Sweeney could be rescued, he was smothered. The other boys 
escaped. 

Miscellaneous 

July 6. Ludwig Kochalachik, outside laborer, No. 8, Lehigh Coal 
and Navigation Company. This man's duty w^as to keep the coal 
moving in a chute leading from one screen to another. He was 
working by himself, no other person being at work close to him to 
give an account of how the accident occurred. There w-as a hose 
hanging upon the side of the building, put there for the purpose of 
putting water on a roller journal that got hot occasionally. It 
would appear that he took the hose dowm, for what purpose no one 
can tell. When found, he w^as -dead, lying under the shaft w'ith the 
hose wrapped around the shaft. 

Condition of Collieries 

COXE BROTHERS AND COMPANY, INCORPORATED 

Nos. 1 and 3. The drainage and haulage are in excellent condi- 
tion; the ventilation is fair. Small quantities of gas are found oc- 
casionally in No. 1, but none has been found in No. 3. On my first 
visit to No. 4, the ventilation was poor. With the installation of 
a new 20 foot fan, on my second inspection, the ventilation was good. 
Drainage and haulage were in fine condition. 



524 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

LEHIGH AND WILKES-BARRE COAL COMPANY 

No. 5, Honey Brook. The coal of this colliery is brought from 
several sections: From Green Mountain, a distance of four miles, 
where it is partly prepared in a small breaker^ built for that pur- 
pose; from Green Mountain water level tunnel; from No. 15 slope, 
No. 8 tunnel; No. 10 north stripping; West Shore stripping; No. 8 
south stripping, and No. 8 south extension stripping. There has 
been a continual improvement in the sanitary condition of this col- 
liery in the past year. 

No. 4, Audenried. To this colliery coal is brought from No. 4 slope, 
No. 11 slope, No. 10 slope, No. 12 slope, No. 1 W. A. stripping, and 
No. 2 south stripping, Treskow. The drainage and haulageway are 
in fine condition. The ventilation is fair, and the officials are mak- 
ing every effort to improve it. 

DODSON COAL COMPANY 

Morea Colliery 

There has been a slight improvement in the ventilation of this 
colliery in the past year, but the drainage is not what it might be. 
The conditions surrounding the colliery make it hard to keep it up 
to the standard in drainage. 

MILL CREEK COAL COMPANY 

Buck Mountain Colliery 

The ventilation and drainage from the third level down to the 
sixth are in fair condition. On the third level in my last inspection, 
the ventilation was very poor. Since then they have installed a 
new 16 foot fan, and I expect to find better ventilation and a gen- 
eral improvement in the sanitary condition on my next visit. 

Vulcan Colliery 

A new 25 foot fan has been installed at the colliery in the past 
year, but it has not brought the ventilation up to the standard that 
was expected. The ventilation is not what it should be, especially 
on the third level. I expect to be able to give a more favorable ac- 
count in my next year's report. 

PHILADELPHIA AND READING COAL AND IRON COMPANY 

Eagle, Hill Colliery 

The ventilation and drainage of this colliery are in fair condition, 
with the exception of Skidmore vein. Here they are driving an air 



Nu. 12. THIRTEi^NTH ANTHRAClTJi Dl^TKlCT 625 

tunuel from the monkey heading in Skid more vein to tli(; monkey 
heading- in the bottom bencli of the Mammoth. It was driven 50 
feet in my last visit and it will require to be driven 50 feet more to 
connect the two veins. This will improve the ventilation in this 
section. 

Silver Creek Colliery 

The ventilation and drainage of this colliery are in fair condition. 
The oflScials are making special efforts to keep it up to the stand- 
ard. 

TRUMAN M. DODSON COAL COMPANY 

Kaskawilliam Colliery 

The ventilation of this colliery is in fair condition. The drain- 
age is not up to the standard, but the officials have promised to put 
it in good condition immediately. 

Greenwood Colliery 

The condition of this colliery is fair. The principal work is rob- 
bing. 

LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY 

Nos. 8, 12, 10 and 11 collieries are in good condition. 

West Lehigh Colliery 

This is a small operation, on water level. The sanitary condition 
is fair. 

East Lehigh Colliery 

The condition of the colliery is fair. 

Tuscarora Colliery 
Sanitary condition of the colliery is fair. 

Bell Colliery 
Sanitary condition of the colliery is fair. 

Sebastopol Colliery 
This colliery is a small operation and is in fair condition. 

Laurel Kun Colliery 

They are doing nothing at this colliery at the present time but 
stripping. 



626 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

Improvements 

LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY 

No. 10 Colliery 
Ground was broken for two shafts, one water shaft, four com- 
partments, on March 3, and a two compartment coal shaft on May 
18. Soil was removed to rock and concrete built up for 30 feet. 
The water shaft will be 17x7 feet square, four compartments, and 
the coal shaft will be 15x11 feet, two compartments. The coal shaft 
has been driven 54 feet and the water shaft 159 feet in the last year. 
A battery of Sterling boilers 600 horse power has been placed to 
generate steam for this plant. A new piece of railroad has been 
built from the main line of the Central Railroad of New Jersey to 
convey supplies to the new shaft. 

No. 11 Colliery 
A tunnel was driven from north dip of Mammoth vein to F vein, 
a distance of 207 feet from F vein to G vein, a distance of CO feet, 
and is continued on to cut the H vein. A new 24 foot fan has been 
erected to replace the old ones. Two new airways are now being 
driven on Skidmore vein with an area of 72 feet each to connect to 
this fan. 

No. 12 Colliery 
The tunnel driven across the basin from the Primrose vein south, 
for a distance of 2,442 feet was stopped on June 20, and an air hole 
is now being driven on one of the smalt veins to the surface. When 
this hole is completed, work on the tunnel will be resumed. Twin 
holes have been driven on G vein from this tunnel to the surface, a 
distance of 670 feet. One of these holes has been enlarged for a dis- 
tance of 322 feet from the surface down and timbered with a 7i foot 
collar and 8 foot legs to make a single track slope. Gangways have 
been turned off east and west and a breast opened. The vein is in 
fair condition with 7 to 8 feet of good coal. The remaining part of 
this hole down to the tunnel has been timbered with a 5| foot collar 
and 7 foot legs which can be used for an airway or counter chute. 

PHILADELPHIA AND READING COAL AND IRON COMPANY 

Silver Creek Colliery 
A tunnel has been started in the bottom bench, south dip shaft 
level, to be driven through saddle to the bottom bench on the same 
dip. 

Eagle Hill Colliery 
Ground was broken on May 5th for a new four compartment shaft, 
the soil removed down the rock and concreted up for 28 feet, head 
frame built, engine and boilers placed, and preparations made to 
start on the rock work on the first of the year. 



No. 12. THIRTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT S27 

An overhead tunnel is being driven from breast No. 51, West Skid- 
more, south dip, to West Mammoth vein, for the purpose of bringing 
the return air from Mammoth vein to Sliidmore vein. 

MILL CHEEK COAL COMPANY 

Vulcan Colliery 

The tunnel to the rrimrose vein is being continued across the 
basin to strike the Primrose vein on the south dip and also the top 
split of the Mammoth on the south dip. A tunnel is also being 
driven on the fourth level from the Skidmore vein to the bottom 
split of the Mammoth vein. This is done to avoid a long distance 
in fault in the bottom split of the Mammoth vein. The No. 1 slope 
has been continued another lift to the fifth level. The water in the 
old Gorman slope in the Primrose vein, has been tapped and run 
off, leaving this territory safe from standing water. A new 25 foot 
fan has been erected which should give ample ventilation to this 
mine. 

No. 3 slope, Buck Mountain vein, north dip, has been sunk 300 feet 
to the sixth level, and the gangway east and west turned off. 

A tunnel has been driven from the bottom split of the main vein, 
north dip, to the top split of the Mammoth vein, north dip, a distance 
of 267 feet. 

A tunnel has also been driven from the south dip of the bottom 
split of the Mammoth vein to the south dip of the top split of the 
Mammoth vein, a distance of 113 feet. Both tunnels are on the third 
level. The top split is 12 feet thick and in good condition. 
. A tunnel has also been commenced from the fourth level, north 
dip, Buck Mountain vein, to be driven to the bottom split of the 
Mammoth vein on the south dip. 

A new compressed air locomotive has been purchased in addition 
to the other two in use, to be used on third level for collecting and 
distributing the cars to and from the working places. A sixteen 
foot fan has been erected at No. 3 slope, and new airways completed 
inside to connect with it. This, in connection with the sixteen foot 
fan at No. 1 slope, will insure good ventilation at this colliery. 

At No. 3 slope, four return tubular boilers of 150 horse power each, 
have been installed. A pair of hoisting engines 20 by 48 with a 12 
foot drum, has been completed. 

New Boston 

Work preparatory to pumping out the old workings has been go- 
ing on, a boiler plant has been installed, consisting of 14 return tubu- 
lar boilers of 150 hoVse power each, and six Goyne pumps 24x10x36 



528 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

inches have been placed in position in the various slopes, and the 
mouths of the slopes have been timbered, ready for pumping. 



LEHIGH AND WILKES-BARRE COAL COMPANY 

No. 4 Colliery 

Two pump rooms in rock on fourth level, each 50 feet long, 18 feet 
wide, 12 feet high. Three 14 inch bore holes, each 130 feet long, 
from the surface to Gamma vein through which water will be 
pumped. Two 12 inch bore holes each 1-30' feet long for steam lines. 
A sump tunnel 186 feet long one under ground, slope 12x7 feet 
and 200 feet long in Lykens vein from fourth level to fifth level. 
Extension now in progress, one tunnel 11x7 feet and 91 feet long 
from Buck Mountain vein to Gamma vein on second level. One tun- 
nel 11x7 feet by 328 feet long from Lykens vein, south dip, to 
Lykens vein, north dip, on No. 2 plane level. One tunnel 10x7 feet 
by 128 feet long, from Buck Mountain vein to Gamma vein on No. 2 
plane level. 

A new Guibal fan 12 feet in diameter, 4 foot blades on airway at 
No. 16 slope. New plant at No. 2 stripping consisting of plane 
hoisting engines, 10x24, and one 1.50 horse power tubular boiler 
and necessary buildings, .500 horse power Babcock and Wilcox boil- 
ers, added to boiler plant at this Colliery. 

No. 5 Colliery 

One tunnel 11x7x390 feet long, from Gamma south dip to Gamma 
north dip, cutting the AYharton vein on south dip and north dip and 
the Mammoth vein close to the basin of the same. One new Guibal 
fan 15 feet in diameter and 4 foot blades on airway in Gamma vein. 
Water level tunnel at Green Mountain continued 490 feet to Seven- 
foot Buck Mountain and Lykens vein, south dip. One Guibal fan 
8 feet in diameter 3 foot blades on air way in north dij), Lykens. 
One thousand horse power Babcock & Wilcox boilers complete to 
replace boiler plant too close to breaker. One Jeanesville 12x18 inch 
and 12x18 inch compound wash pump for breaker. One 25 ton Por- 
ter locomotive 12x18x36 inch drivers. 



BUTCHER CREEK COAL COMPANY 

Juglar Colliery 

A new bi-eaker has been erected with a capacity of 250 tons per 
day. A piece of railroad track has been extended to the breaker. 



No. 12. THIRTEIiiNTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT K2« 

MARY D. COAL, COMPANY 

Kew Operation 

Mary D. Coal Company has commenced to open a new colliery 
on the Kentucky bank tract, owned by the Lehigh Coal and Naviga- 
tion Company. One mile east of Tuscarora a slope is now being 
sunk and at present is down 200 feet. The intention is to sink it to 
the basin, to be used when the colliery is opened up as a tender 
slope. A shaft will immediately be sunk in the next basin south, 
which will be connected by a tuunel to the slope they are now sink- 
ing. This will give them an opportunity to work both basins. 

COXE BROTHERS AND CO., INCORPORATED 

A new reversible fan 20 feet in diameter, built by the Vulcan Iron 
Works of Wilkes-Barre, has been installed. This will furnish abun- 
dance of air for this mine. A tunnel is now being driven from the 
Buck Mountain vein on the south dip across the basin to the north 
dip of the Buck Mountain vein at breast. 

TRUMAN M. DODSON COAL COMPANY 

Kaskawilliam Colliery 

The new shaft sinking is down 692 feet, a distance of 3C2 feet for 
the year. The Seven-foot vein was cut at a distance of GGO feet and 
the intention is to sink 200 feet more. Also a fan hole which was 
being driven to the surface on Skidmore vein, Northdale workings, 
is up 009 feet. A rock chute has been driven from the tunnel at the 
bottom of No. 1 slope up to the Orchard vein, a distauce of 80 feet, 
striking the basin. Two gangways have been started in this vein. 
A tunnel was driven from Mammoth vein east in No. 1 slope to the 
Skidmore vein, a distance of 80 feet. 

Preparations have been made to sink a new slope (inside) on the 
bottom split in Northdale basin and is now ready for contractors to 
start to work. 

DODSON COAL COMPANY 

Morea Colliery 

A short tunnel has been driven from the east Seven-foot vein to 
the East Skidmore vein, on the second level. Bore holes have been 
drilled from the surface for ropes for No. 2 and No. 3 inside slopes. 
Work on the slope is still in progress. No. 2 slope is designed to 
take the second and third level coal, on the west side, to the present 
slope level, and No. 3 slope will take the third level and basin coal, 

34_] 2—1903 



5;i0 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. Doc. 

on the east side, to the present slope level, thus freeing the shaft 
to be used in hoisting water. Five nevv' return tubular boilers 72x17 
x6 inches, are now on the ground, but not placed. These are in- 
tended to replace the 24 cylinder boiler now in use. Plans have 
been completed to rebuild the breaker ijlane and also to build a 
flume to move the creek to the south side, which will release a large 
amount of coal. 

Mine Foremen's Examinations 

The annual examinations of candidates for mine foremen and as- 
sistant mine foremen certificates during the year 1903 resulted in 
the following named jjersons being recommended to the Chief of 
Department of Mines for certificates. 

Assistant Mine Foremen 

Henry Petrich, Mahanoy City; Tflomas P. Maley, Cumbola; Owen 
J. Langton, Cumbola; Michael Eyan, Silver Creek; John Glover, 
Tamaqua; James Tobin, Cumbola; Edward DeLay, Tamaqua; John 
F. DeLay, Tamaqua; James McGovern, Silver Creek; John Curry, 
Silver Creek; James Larey, Silver Creek; Edward Gay, Silver Creek; 
Richard Large, Silver Creek; John T. Davis, Seek; William Reynolds, 
Silver Creek; Edward J. Stapleton, Palo Alto; John M. Callaway, 
Kaska William; James T. Mekley, Seek; Daniel Lloyd, Morea; D. C. 
Gildea, Coaldale; Patrick Hartnett, Cumbola; Peter Murray, Cum- 
bola; Charles Duesch, Mahanoy City; John R. Davis, Lansford; Rob- 
ert Parfitt, Coaldale; Maurice Friel, Mahanoy City; Jacob Rosser, 
Morea; Shadrach M. Davis, Tamaqua; David Lloyd, Morea; Thomas 
J. Richards, Lansford; John Russel, Kaskawilliam; W. H. Thomas, 
Kaskawilliam; William A. Moses, Broad Mountain; John O'Haren, 
Silver Creek; Walter Yemm, Coaldale; E. J. Flanigan, New Phila- 
delphia; Thomas West, Coaldale; Daniel O'Donnel, Coaldale; Thomas 
Barrett, Coaldale; Harry Watkins, Coaldale; George H. Comley, 
Buck Mountain; Artemns Jones, Seek; John P. Fisher, Coaldale; 
Robert H. Jones, Lansford; William Minahan, Frackville; James 
Heeuey, New Boston; Thomas O'Neil, Kaskawilliam; Frederick Stev- 
ens, Lansford; John Bowen, Seek; John Brocker, Mahanoy City; 
Michael Curtis, Mahanoy City; Richard Morgan, Coaldale; Rees S. 
William, Tamaqua; Patrick McGroarty, Morea; William M. Rosser, 
Morea; James Phillips, Mahanoy City; David Yemm, Coaldale; Lewis 
Middlekamp, Seek; William Dormer, St. Clair; Philip Richards, 
Coaldale; Lewis Middlekamp, Seek. 

The board was composed of the following members: 
John Curran, Mine Inspector, president; Mahlon A. Gerfeer, super 
intendent, Tamaqua; Nicholas Murray, miner, Cumbola; Thomas 
Phillips, miuer, New Philadelphia. 



OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. No. 12. 



Fourteentli Anthracite District 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 



Mt. Carmel, Pa., February 28, 1904. 

Hon. James E. Koderick, Chief of the Department of Mines: 

Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith my first annual report 
as Inspector of Mines of the Fourteenth Anthracite District for the 
year ending December 31, 1UU3. 

Statistics, as required by law, are given in the various tables, to- 
gether with a brief description of the accidents that occurred during 
the year, and remarks regarding the condition of the collieries- 
Very few improvements have been made in this district during the 
year. 

I assumed the duties of the office September 1, 1903, by appoint- 
ment of the Honorable Judge of Northumberland county, upon the 
resignation of Mr. James Tinley. 

Respectfully submitted, 

BENJAMIN I. EVANS, 

Inspector. 



^53l ) 



532 REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES Off. D0£ 



Foiirteeutli Anthracite District, 1903. 

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 

Number of miues in district, 27 

Number of mines in operation, 26 

Number of tons of coal produced, 4,927,304 

Number of tons shipped to market, ". 4,337,264 

Number of tons sold at mines to local trades, 79,180 

Number of tons consumed at mines in generating steam 

and heat, 510,860 

Number of persons employed inside the mines, 9,312 

Number of persons employed outside, 5,268 

Number of fatal accidents inside the mines, 35 

Number of tons produced for each fatal accident inside, 140,780 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident inside, 266 

Number of fatal accidents outside, 8 

Number of persons employed per fatal accident outside, 659 

Number of wives made widows by fatal accidents, .... 21 

Number of children ophaned by fatal accidents, 51 

Number of non-fatal accidents inside of mines, 51 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident 

inside, 183 

Number of non-fatal accidents outside, . .' 13 

Number of persons employed per non-fatal accident 

outside, ; 405 

Number of compressed air locomotives inside, 2 

Number of electric motors used inside, 3 

Number of fans used for ventilation, 57 

Number of gaseous mines in operation, 10 

NumbejL' of non-gaseous mines in operation, 16 



No. 12. FOURTEENTH ANTHRACITE DISTRICT 6»3 



TABLE A.— Fourteenth Anthracite District, 1903. 

PRODUCTION OF COAL 

Names of Companies Tons 

Philadelphia and Reading Conl iiud Iron Company, . . . 2,087,173 

Susquehanna Coal Company, 862,359 

Mineral Kailroad and Minini;' Company, „ 741,139 

Excelsior Coal Company, 239,330 

Enterprise Coal Company, 258,946 

Greenough Red Ash Coal Company, 166,290 

T. M. Righter Coal Company 155,937 

Seneca Coal Company, 106,083 

White and White, 48,666 

Shipman Koal Company, 58,803 

Llewellyn Mining Company, - 60,884 

Buck Ridge Coal Company, 11,199 

Shamokin Coal Company, 130,495 

Total, 4,927,304 

Production by Counties 

Northumberland, 4,927,304 



134 



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January 

February 

March 

May,' ; 

June 

Julv 


August, 

October 

I>6cember 

Totals 





No. 12. 



FOURTEENTH ANTHHACITii] DISTRICT 



(3V 



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