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previous due date. Ll62 

V^. V\CsV 

MAR 3 





Plate 1 


A Trustee of the Museum since 1936 and a member of the 
Finance Committee since 1939 



to tli 



For the Year 1943 



NOV 2 1950 



AT ' 




List of Illustrations 9 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1943 11 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 12 

Former Officers 13 

List of Staff 14 

Report of the Director 17 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 24 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 30 

Department of Anthropology 32 

Department of Botany 42 

Department of Geology 47 

Department of Zoology 51 

Membership 61 

Public Relations 62 

Library 63 

Publications and Printing 65 

Photography and Illustration 68 

Maintenance and Construction 69 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts 72 

Comparative Financial Statements 73 

List of Accessions 75 

Articles of Incorporation 85 

Amended By-Laws 87 

List of Members 92 

Benefactors 92 

Honorary Members 92 

Patrons 92 

Corresponding Members 93 

Contributors 93 

Corporate Members 94 

Life Members 94 

Non-Resident Life Members 96 

Associate Members 97 

List of Members — Continued page 

Non-Resident Associate Members Ill 

Sustaining Members Ill 

Annual Members Ill 





1. Leopold E. Block 5 

2. A Special Exhibit Commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Found- 

ing of the Museum 17 



1. An Early Herbarium Specimen of a Quinine-producing Tree 19 

2. A Group of Gibbons 21 

3. School Children Listening to a Raymond Foundation Lecturer 25 

4. Museum Material Available to Chicago Teachers through the N. W. Harris 

Public School Extension 31 

5. The Mummy-Cave Village, in Arizona 33 

6. A Dioramist Building the Walls of a Kiva in the Mummy Cave 35 

7. A Child's Head, Bandaged to Produce Cranial Deformation 36 

8. A Deformed Cranium from the New Hebrides 36 

9. The Death Cult of the Early Southwestern Indians 40 

10. The Cryptogamic Herbarium 43 

11. Fresh-water Plants in the Amazon River 44 

12. Wild Kale from the Cliffs of Dover 46 

13. The Evolution of the Horse 48 

14. The Distribution of the Horse through Its Long Geologic History 49 

15. A Plaster Model of a Bottle-nosed Porpoise 52 

16. The Tropical American Boa Constrictor 55 

17. Goliath Beetles 57 




Stanley Field 

First Vice-President 
Albert A. Sprague 

Third Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 

Second Vice-President 
Silas H. Strawn 

♦Clifford C. Gregg 

Acting Secretary 
Orr Goodson 


*Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 

*Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

Stanley Field 
*Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Charles A. McCulloch 
William H. Mitchell 
*George A. Richardson 
*Theodore Roosevelt 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Albert H. Wetten 
John P. Wilson 


Executive.— Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. Wetten, George A. 
Richardson*, Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, Silas H. Strawn, John P. 

Finance.— Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. Dick, Jr., Howard W. 
Fenton, John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings. 

Building.— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, Lester Armour*, Charles A. 
McCulloch, Joseph N. Field*. 

Auditing. — George A. Richardson*, Albert H. Wetten, W. McCormick Blair. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Samuel Insull, Jr.*, Sewell L. Avery. 

* In the Nation's Service. 



George E. Adams* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer* 1893-1927 

John C. Black* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus* 1893-1894, 1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones* 1894-1927 

George Manierre* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams* 1894-1899 

Cyrus H. McCormick* 1894-1936 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.* 1908-1912, 1921-1931 

John Barton Payne* 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep* 1915-1929 

Henry Field* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.* 1919-1931 

John Borden 1920-1938 

James Simpson* 1920-1939 

Albert W. Harris 1920-1941 

Harry E. Byram* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham* 1924-1930 

Frederick H. Rawson* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler* 1934-1937 

* Deceased 




Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

First Vice-Presidents 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 


Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 


Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 


Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 




♦Clifford C. Gregg 

acting director 

Orr Goodson 

department of anthropology 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology 

*C. Martin Wilbur, Curator, Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology 

♦Alexander Spoehr, Curator, North American Ethnology and Archaeology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Jr., Curator of Exhibits 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian Archaeology 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American Archaeology 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 

*John Rinaldo, Associate, Southwestern Archaeology 

Robert Yule, Assistant, Archaeology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 


B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

♦Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

♦Llewelyn Williams, Curator, Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate, Wood Technology 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

DEPARTMENT of geology 

Henry W. Nichols, Chief Curator 

♦Bryan Patterson, Curator, Paleontology 

Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator, Paleontology 

James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator, Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Paleontology 

♦Sharat K. Roy, Curator, Geology 

♦Bryant Mather, Assistant Curator, Mineralogy 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 

*Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

*Rudyerd Boulton, Curator, Birds 

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator, Birds 

*Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, Birds 

Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

*Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Birds 

R. Magoon Barnes, Curator, Birds' Eggs 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

*Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

*Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 

*Henry S. Dybas, Assistant, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

*D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 

H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 

Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 


Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht W. E. Eigsti 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters *John W. Moyer 

Frank C. Wonder, Assistant Taxidermist 

Frank H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories 

Nellie Starkson, Artist-Preparator 
Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist-Preparator 

associate editor of scientific publications 
Lillian A. Ross 


John R. Millar, Curator 


Miriam Wood, Chief 
*Marie B. Pabst *Elizabeth Best 

*Bert E. Grove Loraine Lloyd 

Roberta Cramer Emma Neve 

the library 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 
Eunice Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 



Benjamin Bridge, Auditor Henry F. Ditzel, Registrar 

Noble Stephens, Assistant Auditor 

Marion G. Gordon, Assistant Registrar 

A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 


H. B. Harte Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer 


C. H. Carpenter, Photographer John Janecek, Illustrator 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 


Arthur G. Rueckert Farley H. Wade, in charge 

general superintendent chief engineer 

W. H. Corning William E. Lake 

James R. Shouba, Assistant Superintendent 


E. S. Abbey 















i— 1 












I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1943: 

The conditions existing in a nation whose efforts were almost 
totally directed to the demands of war naturally affected adversely 
the progress of the Museum. 

The inroads on the personnel continued at a steady pace, with a 
resulting decrease in the scope of Museum activities, although every 
effort was made to operate all departments on a normal basis. 

Under the policy adopted in 1942, to be continued for the dura- 
tion of the war, there were no expeditions during 1943, and even local 
field work was held to a minimum. 

Some new exhibits were prepared and installed, although not as 
many as would have been the case were the full staff present. 

Research slowed up in ratio to the shrinkage of the staff, and 
many projects that were in progress have been halted. 

Seven men and two women were granted leave of absence in 1943 
for service with the armed forces or other governmental agencies, 
bringing the total number of Trustees, staff members, and volunteer 
associates in service to 38. The policy of not filling vacated positions 
was continued in practically all cases; only those positions essential 
to the continued operation of the Museum were filled on a temporary 
basis. Great credit is due to the members of the staff who remain 
at the Museum for their efforts to maintain operations. 

The outstanding event of the year was the program on Septem- 
ber 15 commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding 
of the Museum. On this occasion 1,200 invited guests assembled in 
the James Simpson Theatre. The principal speakers were Mr. 
Stanley Field, President of the Museum; Dr. Robert Maynard 
Hutchins, President of the University of Chicago; Dr. Franklyn 
Bliss Snyder, President of Northwestern University; and Dr. Albert 
E. Parr, Director of the American Museum of Natural History, New 


York. Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, pre- 
sided. Short addresses were delivered by Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, 
Director, who is on leave of absence with the armed forces, and the 
Acting Director. The meeting was followed by a reception in 
Stanley Field Hall, where guests enjoyed a preview of a special exhibit 
illustrating highlights in the Museum's history, as well as the 
photographs selected for exhibition in the first photographic salon 
sponsored by this institution. 

The most important feature of the commemorative program was 
President Field's announcement that the name of the Museum 
was to be changed, and his further announcement that the institution 
was to receive a gift from Mr. Marshall Field, Trustee, which would 
provide income at least equivalent to his annual contributions in 
recent years. 

In conformity with the suggestion of Trustee Marshall Field and 
President Stanley Field, duly approved by the Board of Trustees, 
the name of the Museum was officially changed on December 6, 1943, 
from Field Museum of Natural History to Chicago Natural History 
Museum. The certificate of amendment to the articles of incorpora- 
tion of the institution had previously been filed and recorded. 

The periodical, Field Museum News, was given the name Chicago 
Natural History Museum Bulletin, to become effective with the 
January, 1944, issue. 

More than fifteen years ago, this Museum, in anticipation of the 
possible destruction of historic botanical collections in Europe, 
proposed a plan for photographing such specimens, which was carried 
out in part with the co-operation of the Rockefeller Foundation. 
Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, spent 
more than ten years photographing type specimens in the herbaria 
of Berlin, Copenhagen, Munich, Vienna, Paris, Geneva, Madrid, and 
elsewhere, making more than 40,000 photographs. This project has 
been abundantly justified in the last year during which certain of the 
European collections are known to have been destroyed by bombing, 
and many others, about which confirmed information has not yet 
been received, may have been likewise lost to science. The only 
substitute for some of the type specimens lost through the destruc- 
tion of European collections will be these photographs (see Fig. 1). 

Contributions . . . 

Owing, no doubt, to the demands of various war causes, and the 
campaigns for investment of all possible funds in war bonds, con- 


tributions of money to the Museum during 1943 were few, and for 
the most part considerably less in amount than in a normal year. 
To all who did contribute either money or material for the exhibits, 
study collections, and the Library, grateful acknowledgment is made. 

Fig. 1. An early herbarium 
specimen of a quinine-pro- 
ducing tree. This specimen, 
collected in the Andes of 
South America a hundred and 
fifty years ago, was named 
and preserved in the Berlin 
Herbarium. Present-day 
botanists wishing to identify 
plants must compare them 
with such historic material 
as this. 

- . -. '•.«.... 

Mr. Marshall Field, a member of the Board of Trustees, made 
the largest individual contribution, as has been the case year after 
year. The total of his gifts in cash for the year was $100,916.41. 
In addition, as announced at the time of the celebration of the 
Museum's fiftieth anniversary, Mr. Field pledged the transfer of 
certain pieces of property to produce future income. Complete 
information as to this property transfer was not yet available at the 
time of preparation of this report. 

The President of the Museum, Mr. Stanley Field, contributed 

For the support of the activities of the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Ravmond Foundation for Public School and Children's 


Lectures, its founder, Mrs. James Nelson Raymond, again contrib- 
uted $6,000 in accordance with her annual custom of many years. 

Mr. Haddon H. MacLean made a gift of $1,000 in cash, and 
Lieutenant Alvin R. Cahn, U.S.N.R., made a gift of anthropological 
material from the Aleutian Islands. The collection is valued at more 
than $1,000. Both of these donors were, in consequence, elected 
Contributors (a membership classification including all persons who 
give or devise between $1,000 and $100,000 to the Museum in money 
or materials, and whose names thus become enrolled on an honor 
list in perpetuity). 

A gift of $2,500 was received from Mr. Wallace W. Lufkin, whose 
earlier gifts had already resulted in his election as a Contributor. 

From the estate of Joseph Adams there was received a bequest 
in stocks valued at $12,025, to be known as the Joseph and Edith 
Adams Subscription. Mr. Adams was posthumously elected a 

For notable gifts to the Museum during his lifetime, the late 
Dr. Louis Schapiro was also posthumously elected a Contributor. 

Cash gifts were received also from Mr. Boardman Conover, a 
Trustee; Mr. Peder A. Christensen of Detroit, Michigan; and from 
the estate of Joan A. Chalmers. Gifts of Museum material included 
a collection of several thousand butterflies and moths presented by 
Mrs. Edward F. Lustig, of Elkhart, Indiana; and a valuable col- 
lection of Coleoptera, assembled by the late Frank J. Psota and 
purchased for the Museum by an anonymous donor. 

The Chicago Park District turned over to the Museum 
$121,642.39, as its share of taxes levied to aid in the support of 
several museums under an act of the state legislature. 

Trustees and Officers . . . 

The President of the Museum, Mr. Stanley Field, served his 
thirty-fifth consecutive year in that office after being re-elected at 
the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees on January 11. All 
other officers who served during the preceding year were re-elected 
and served out their full terms. 

Trustee W. McCormick Blair was appointed Acting Chairman of 
the Auditing Committee, which automatically made him a member 
of the Executive Committee, during the absence of Lieutenant 
Colonel George A. Richardson on active service with the Army Air 


News of the death of Major Kermit Roosevelt in Alaska was 
received at the Museum with great regret. Major Roosevelt, and 
his brother, Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt (a Trustee of the 
Museum) were co-leaders of two of the Museum's most important 
expeditions — the James Simpson Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition, in 

Fig. 2. A family party of gibbons (William V. Kelley Hall). 

1925, and the William V. Kelley Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern 
Asia, in 1928. 

New Exhibits . . . 

The exhibition program of the Museum, necessarily slowed down 
by the absence on war duty of such a large proportion of the staff, 
nevertheless was marked by several notable advances. Details 
of these will be found in this report under the headings of the various 
departments in which they occur. 

The outstanding developments were the opening of two sections 
of the new Hall of American Archaeology (Hall B), in which decid- 


edly new and different display techniques have been employed; 
some additions to the Chinese archaeological exhibits in George 
T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24); a habitat group of 
giant South American aquatic plants, added to Martin A. and Carrie 
Ryerson Hall (Hall 29); two additional large mural paintings of 
plant life by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, added to the series 
begun by the late artist, Charles A. Corwin, in Hall 29; several 
exhibits and a new "subjective" series illustrating subjects in 
paleontology, installed in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38); a habi- 
tat group of the interesting man-like apes known as gibbons, 
installed in William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17; see Fig. 2) ; an exhibit of 
the manta, largest species of ray, added to the Hall of Fishes (Hall 
0); a subjective exhibit, "What Is a Bat?", added to the systematic 
series of mammal exhibits in Hall 15, and an exhibit of the principal 
kinds of mammals that inhabit Illinois, added to George M. Pullman 
Hall (Hall 13). 

A new special exhibit, "Theatres of the War," consisting of 
selected material representing phases of native life in various parts 
of the world currently prominent in the news, was added to James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Hall (Hall 4). This exhibit, to 
be maintained for the duration of the war, will be changed from time 
to time to keep pace with the progress of events. The other 
special wartime exhibit of strategical, critical, and essential materials, 
installed in 1942, continued to attract much attention, and will also 
be maintained for the duration. 

Special temporary exhibits of 1943 included one pertaining to 
the history of the Museum during its first half century, displayed 
from September 15 to November 15 in connection with the cele- 
bration of the institution's fiftieth anniversary; "Lenses on Nature," 
the first international photographic exhibit of the Museum, which 
was also displayed during the anniversary celebration; an exhibit of 
United States Marine Corps' official photographs from the South 
Pacific; and, during May and June, an exhibit of selected chalk 
drawings and ceramics, with natural history motifs, produced by 
students of the Saturday Junior Classes of the Art Institute from 
studies conducted under supervision of their instructors at this 

Attendance . . . 

The number of visitors received at the Museum during 1943 
declined slightly compared to 1942, 1,021,289 persons coming into 


this building as against 1,025,002 in the preceding year. Of this 
number, all but 77,980 were admitted free, either because they came 
on the free admission days, or belonged to classifications admitted 
free on all days — children, teachers, Museum members, and mem- 
bers of the armed forces of the United Nations. The number of 
paying visitors was also slightly under that of 1942, when there were 

Considering the fact that most people have much heavier drains 
on their time due to the intensive pace of war activities, that apart 
from their working hours they are naturally more preoccupied with 
the war than with anything else, and that local transportation either 
by public conveyance or by private automobiles under the gasoline 
and tire conservation measures now in effect, is exceedingly difficult, 
it is felt that the attendance the Museum has received is exceedingly 
good. The figures would seem to indicate that if it were not for all 
the adverse conditions listed, attendance might have soared to much 
greater heights. It is encouraging to note that the Museum's posi- 
tion in this regard compares very favorably with the experience dur- 
ing this same period of other cultural institutions both in this city 
and elsewhere. 

As always, the benefits available through the Museum were 
extended to hundreds of thousands of people who never entered its 
portals, by means of the traveling exhibits circulated in the schools 
and elsewhere by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. Also, 
many groups of children were reached in their classrooms by the 
extension lecturers sent out by the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures. 
Sections reporting in detail the activities of these two units of the 
Museum organization will be found on pages 24 and 30. 

Other means employed by the Museum to extend its influence as 
a disseminator of scientific information beyond its own walls included 
the constant campaign of publicity through newspapers, periodicals, 
the radio, motion pictures, and published material issued by the 
Museum press. 

The annual spring and autumn courses of illustrated lectures for 
adults, presented in the James Simpson Theatre on Saturday after- 
noons during March, April, October, and November, attracted large 
audiences, as did also the Saturday morning motion picture enter- 
tainments for children presented during the same months under the 
auspices of the Raymond Foundation. Likewise well attended were 
the summer programs for children presented on Thursdays during 
July and August. Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, the popular "Layman 


Lecturer" who devotes his services to the Museum on a voluntary 
basis to entertain large audiences on Sunday afternoons, con- 
tinued this unique work from January to the end of April, and from 
October to the end of the year. 

For its daily guide-lecture tours for both adults and children pre- 
sented throughout the year (except on Sundays) the Raymond 
Foundation instituted a number of novelties by a change in the type 
of subjects covered, with the gratifying result that much additional 
publicity was promoted and many exceptionally large audiences 
were attracted to the Museum. Many special groups of adults and 
children made use of the various facilities of the Museum including 
the theatre, lecture hall, guide-lecture services, etc. All told, 775 
audience groups for various events within the Museum brought an 
aggregate attendance of 72,681, and extra-mural activities reached 
several hundred thousand other persons. 

Raymond Foundation . . . 

The work of the Raymond Foundation continued in 1943 along 
the lines established in 1942, namely: lectures, tours, motion pictures, 
stories, and various combinations of programs according to the 
interests and requests of groups of people, especially children. 

Interest has centered generally around war regions and their 
peoples. The summer series of lectures and motion pictures, Back- 
grounds of the War, begun in 1942, was enlarged and extended in 
1943. Every effort was made to explain the war regions by use of 
Museum materials and still and motion pictures. 

Nine new extension lectures were offered to the schools, along 
with a selected group of well-established lectures. The response 
centered primarily on three new lectures: North Africa (the people 
and geography of the countries, as reviewed by a recent participant 
in military action in Africa, illustrated with colored slides); Wings 
over the World (airplane ideas gleaned from animal aviators, illus- 
trated with still photographs and color motion pictures) ; and 
Islands of the South Pacific (a general survey of the geography of the 
islands and the customs of the people). 

Personnel changes, due primarily to the war, hampered Raymond 
Foundation activities. 

Transportation problems, noted in the previous year, became 
still more accentuated in 1943, increasing the difficulties for school 
groups coming to the Museum for lectures, tours, and study. The 


severity of the drop in attendance by groups of children is made 
apparent in the following figures: 

1941 1,000 groups, 39,806 pupils 

1942 520 groups, 18,510 pupils 

1943 278 groups, 8,477 pupils 

However, individuals and small groups of both children and 
adults have come in greater numbers, and for their pleasure and 
information more tours and programs were offered, as follows: 

Motion picture Tours for adults Lectures on 

programs for in Backgrounds 

children Museum halls of War 

Number Attendance Number Attendance Number Attendance 

1942 44 32,825 356 7,307 7 582 

1943 52 33,390 366 7,611 9 2,037 

The epidemic of poliomyelitis in August cut down the attendance 
at the summer programs, especially the motion pictures for children. 

Field Museum Stories, written by Raymond Foundation staff 
members, were distributed at the regular spring and fall series of 
programs to more than 20,000 children. All remaining copies were 
turned over to the Museum Book Shop for sale. 

Fig. 3- Relaxed interest is evident in this informal group of school children as 
they listen to a Raymond Foundation lecturer. 


Following is a summary of all Raymond Foundation activities 
in 1943, with attendance figures: 

Within the Museum: 

For Children: Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 278 8,477 

Radio follow-up programs 5 381 

Lectures preceding tours 18 2,006 

Motion picture programs 52 33,390 

Total 353 44,254 

For Adults: 

Tours in Museum halls 366 7,611 

Lectures on Backgrounds of War 9 2,037 

Adult commencement 1 1,320 

Total 376 10,968 

Saturday afternoon free lecture courses 
for adults (supervised by Raymond 
Foundation) 20 14,164 

Extension Activities: 

Extension lecture 173 61,866 

Total 922 131,252 

Layman Lectures . . . 

Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, honorary member of the Museum's staff as 
"The Layman Lecturer," continued with his usual enthusiasm the 
Sunday afternoon lectures which have attracted so much attention 
and publicity since he instituted them in 1937. By certain adjust- 
ments in his methods of presentation, Mr. Dallwig has been able to 
increase the size of the audiences accommodated each Sunday. The 
feature of his lectures which has brought such a large response and 
has aroused so much favorable comment in the press and in educa- 
tional circles, is Mr. Dallwig's unique method of "humanizing" and 
interpreting in dramatic fashion the facts of scientific research. 
Mr. Dallwig serves the Museum and the thousands of people who 
attend his talks without any compensation other than the satisfac- 
tion he may derive from disseminating information about science. 

The 1943 layman lectures were presented during six months, from 
February to April inclusive, and again from October to December, a 
total of 25 Sunday presentations; and one special performance was 
given for the American Bar Association. A different subject was 
offered each month. The audiences at the 26 lectures totaled 3,295 


persons. This figure, combined with the aggregate attendance at 
his previous lectures since his first appearance on October 3, 1937, 
makes a total of 19,403. 

Mr. Dallwig also continued lecturing on Museum subjects before 
the members of various clubs, societies, and other organizations both 
in and outside of Chicago, thus bringing further widespread atten- 
tion to this institution's activities. 

Personnel Changes . . . 

Twenty-nine Trustees, employees, and volunteer associates in 
the armed forces of the United States, and other war services, were 
listed in the 1942 Annual Report; nine more left for government 
service during 1943. 

Mr. Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes, was commis- 
sioned an Ensign in the Naval Reserve, shortly after taking full 
charge of the Division of Fishes owing to the retirement of the 
curator. Following his departure for naval duty, Mrs. Marion Grey, 
Associate in Fishes, took temporary charge of the division. 

Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, was inducted 
into the Army in October. Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant Curator, 
is in temporary charge of the division. 

Miss Elizabeth Best and Miss Marie B. Pabst, both lecturers 
on the staff of the Raymond Foundation, enlisted in the WAVES, 
Women's Auxiliary of the United States Navy. Miss Best was 
commissioned an Ensign and is the first woman member of the 
Museum staff to achieve officer status. 

Others entering military service during the year were: Henry S. 
Dybas, Assistant in Entomology, now a private in the Army; Herbert 
Nelson, member of the Museum's maintenance force, now a painter 
first class in the Navy; Mr. Frank Dutkovic, janitor, private in the 
Army, and Mr. Raymond J. Connors, guard, also an Army private. 

Dr. C. Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and 
Ethnology, joined the staff of the Office of Strategic Services at 

Mr. Bert E. Grove, Raymond Foundation guide-lecturer, who 
served in Africa as an ambulance driver with the American Field 
Service for a year, was wounded in action and returned to this 
country, whereupon he rejoined the Museum staff. Shortly there- 
after he was inducted into the United States Army, but after a few 
months was given an honorable discharge for medical causes due 


to his previous African service. He thereupon again joined the 
Raymond Foundation staff. 

Reports were received during the year of the continued success of 
Museum men who had joined the armed forces prior to 1943. First 
Lieutenant Melvin A. Traylor, of the United States Marine Corps 
(Associate in Ornithology on the Museum staff) was awarded the 
Silver Star for heroism at Guadalcanal. He also participated in the 
Marines' assault on Tarawa, during which engagement he was 
wounded severely enough to be returned to this country. Mr. 
Rupert L. Wenzel, the Museum's Assistant Curator of Insects, was 
promoted by the Army from the rank of First Lieutenant to Captain. 
Mr. M. C. Darnall, Jr., a Museum guard, has risen since his enlist- 
ment as a seaman in the Ignited States Coast Guard, first to a com- 
mission as Ensign, and later to Lieutenant (j.g.). 

Noted with regret is the report that Lieutenant Don H. Eldredge, 
formerly a volunteer assistant in invertebrate paleontology, has been 
reported missing as the result of an action in which he served as 
co-pilot on an American bomber in the European theatre of war. 

There were changes in the Museum personnel also for causes 
other than war service. Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Curator of Fishes for 
twenty-two years, retired on April 30 on the Museum's pension plan. 
Mr. Weed has been materially responsible for the assemblage of the 
Museum's extensive fish collections and the building up of exhibits, 
particularly the recently opened Hall of Fishes (Hall 0). He con- 
ducted a number of important expeditions, and the Museum pub- 
lished many important technical works as the result of his researches 
in ichthyology. 

The active services of Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 
of Zoology, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, Mr. 
William H. Corning, General Superintendent, and Mrs. Mary Baker, 
Associate Librarian, all of whom have passed normal retirement 
age, were continued at the request of the Board of Trustees. 

Mr. George I. Quimby, Jr., Assistant Curator of North American 
Archaeology, was promoted to the rank of Curator of Exhibits in 
the Department of Anthropology. 

Dr. Alfred E. Emerson, a professor in the Department of Zoology 
at the University of Chicago, Dr. Charles H. Seevers, head of the 
Department of Zoology at the Central YMCA College in Chicago, 
and Mr. Alex K. Wyatt, a specialist in moths and butterflies, have 
all been appointed to the staff of the Museum as Research Associates 
in Entomology. They will aid in various research projects. 


Mr. Lee Rowell, diorama maker in the Department of Anthro- 
pology, became a permanent member of the Museum staff, effective 
from November 1. Mr. Gustaf Oscar Dalstrom has been appointed 
on a temporary basis as an artist in the Department of Anthropology, 
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mrs. Alexander (Anne 
Harding) Spoehr. 

Mrs. Roberta Cramer and Miss Emma Neve were appointed to 
fill vacancies on the lecture staff of the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation. 

Miss Peggy Collings was appointed as a temporary assistant at 
large in the Department of Zoology. 

Miss Marion G. Gordon was employed as Assistant Registrar. 

Miss Elizabeth Blinn Stone, more than twenty years Librarian 
for the Department of Zoology, and secretary to Dr. Osgood, retired 
under the provisions of the Employees' Pension Plan. Mr. Timothy 
Reidy, night sergeant of the guard force, was placed on pension as 
of December 1. The services of Mr. Anthony T. Mazur, roofer and 
metal worker in the maintenance division, were continued, although 
he had become eligible for pension. Mr. Paul Warner was promoted 
from a position as guard to that of preparator in the Department of 

Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
was on indefinite leave of absence. 

Special Staff Activities . . . 

Outside activities of the staff, or activities not directly connected 
with the work of the Museum, include the organization of the 
General Council on Zoological Nomenclature by Dr. Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, as a war-time measure 
to supplement the function of the International Committee on 
Zoological Nomenclature. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of 
Zoology, aided in the preparation of an introductory manual of the 
geography of the Pacific region for the armed services, which is to 
appear in a trade edition as The Pacific World. Mr. Schmidt also 
served on the Encyclopaedia Britannica Committee for Zoology of 
the University of Chicago. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, and Mr. Paul C. 
Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, prepared a special illustrated 
pamphlet for men in service, issued by the United States Navy 
Department under the title Edible and Poisonous Plants of the 


Caribbean Region. The pamphlet, designated as Navmed 127, can 
be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents at Washington. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, continued 
his work as a consultant-member of the African Committee of the 
National Research Council, Washington, which is concerned with 
war problems. 

At the request of the local Office of Civilian Defense, the Museum 
assigned Assistant Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder to articulate two 
human skeletons. These were used in demonstrations for Red Cross 
first-aid classes. 

Various members of the staff lectured both before audiences of 
their colleagues from kindred institutions at meetings of various 
learned societies, and before audiences of laymen; and visited other 
institutions for research purposes so far as transportation restrictions 

Volunteer Workers . . . 

The absence of so many of its regular staff members in various 
war services has made the assistance contributed by the many 
volunteer workers, who give their time and effort on a regular basis 
to carry on the essential work of various divisions of the scientific 
departments, much more important in 1943 than ever before. The 
names of some of these volunteer workers appear in the List of the 
Staff at the beginning of this report, distinguished from salaried 
workers by the titles "Research Associate" and "Associate." Mr. 
Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer, also serves without com- 
pensation. For their services, grateful acknowledgment is made to 
all who are thus listed, and to the following additional volunteers: 
In the Department of Anthropology: Miss Berenice Crown, Miss 
Frances Fortner; Department of Botany: Mr. Donald Richards, Mrs. 
Catherine M. Richards; Department of Zoology: Mrs. John Morrow, 
Dr. Oscar Neumann, Mrs. Marion Grey, Mr. Eugene Ray, Dr. 
Harry Sicher, Dr. Walter Segall, Air. David Owens; Raymond 
Foundation: Miss Zepporah Pottenger, Miss Margaret Johnson, 
Miss Barbara MacCauley. 

Harris School Extension . . . 

A slight increase in the number of schools and other educational 
organizations receiving portable Museum exhibits, prepared and 
circulated by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, brought 


the total served at the end of the year to 500, a figure which repre- 
sents the largest number of participants in this service in the history 
of the Extension. 

Except for the few recent additions to the schedule, each school 
had the use of at least twenty-four exhibits as visual aids to ele- 
mentary science teaching. Many of the exhibits in circulation, 


Fig. 4. A collection of diverse Museum material available to Chicago teachers 
through the Harris Extension. 

such as those dealing with mining, metallurgy, spices, beverage 
plants, fibers, plastics, and other economic products, acquired a 
timely interest because of the war. Unsolicited comments from both 
teachers and principals unanimously praise this Museum service to 
Chicago schools. 

Since the lending service of the Museum now includes practically 
all of the public schools, increase in the number reached is to be 
expected only through the gradual growth of the public school 
system and the inclusion of more denominational schools. Of those 
receiving Museum cases at present, public schools of all kinds num- 
ber 402, while denominational and private schools, and social 
agencies number only eighty-eight. Yet the number of schools 
maintained by religious organizations exceeds 300, and, in general, 
they are giving science instruction greater emphasis. Hence requests 
from schools in this group for their inclusion in the lending service of 


the Museum may be expected to continue to exceed the capacity 
of the Extension for expansion, as they do under present conditions. 

The year 1943 was the first full year of operation of the Exten- 
sion's delivery trucks under the restrictions imposed by the Office 
of Defense Transportation. The requirements were met by an 
increase in the loan period for cases from ten to thirteen school 
days, with the interposition of a three-day non-operating period for 
the trucks, rather than by a reduction in the number of schools 
reached. The time of the men thus periodically released from their 
regular duties in circulating exhibits was employed in repairing and 
reconditioning cases, in the preparation of parts for new models, 
and in the numerous miscellaneous tasks involved in the maintenance 
of the Extension. Inquiries in a number of schools of different types 
in contrasting neighborhoods revealed that the longer loan period is 
an advantage in large schools where the cases are moved to all 

Of the 438 cases that received repairs or reinforcements during 
the year, only sixty-one had been damaged by accident or careless 
handling while in schools. Although the sliding label frames are 
the weakest element of the case assembly, the addition of reinforcing 
parts, and the replacement of case bottoms and entire back assem- 
blies continue to be the largest part of maintenance work. 

Twenty-five new exhibits were prepared during the year, seven 
old exhibits were completely revised and reinstalled, and five were 
permanently withdrawn from circulation. The total number of 
usable exhibits at the end of the year was 1,118. Of particular 
interest among the new exhibits are those designed specifically to 
supply illustrative material for a fifth grade unit of study on the 
relationship of the shape of a bird's beak to its feeding habits. Other 
exhibits deal with the subject of sharks, the Galapagos penguin, the 
ecological relationships of ducks, the witch-hazel tree, dyewoods 
and mordant dyeing, and the economically important soybean. 

Department of Anthropology 

Research . . . 

In February, the Museum Press published Dr. Martin's report, 
The SU Site; Excavations at a Mogollon Village, Western New Mex- 
ico; Second Season, 19^1. A brief resume of this monograph was 
presented in the Annual Report of the Director for 1942. 


Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Mr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and Mr. George I. Quimby, Jr., Curator of Exhibits, have continued 
their work on a new handbook which will deal with the archaeology 
of North America. Sections on early man in America, on the South- 

Fig. 5. A recently completed exhibit in Hall B showing a model of a cliff- 
dwelling, the Mummy-Cave village, in Arizona. The cave was probably chosen as 
a home because it offered shelter and was easily defended. Its dryness has effectively 
preserved household objects and human burials or "mummies" (whence the name 
Mummy Cave). 

west, on the Columbia River Valley, and on the Southeast have been 
nearly completed. 

Most of the year, however, was spent by these three curators in 
carrying on the research required for the new exhibits in the Hall 
of Indian America (Hall B ) . This was necessary in order to make the 
displays accurate, up-to-date, and attractive. They also under- 
took research on prehistoric Indian textiles and methods of weaving. 
Their study led to the conclusion that there is no positive evidence 
of the "true loom" north of Mexico until after the arrival of white 
men. This conclusion contradicts some published statements. 


Also indicated by their study was the fact that confusion exists 
among anthropologists as to what constitutes a "true loom." The 
only possible archaeological evidence of a true loom would be the 
finding of a heddle or some other mechanical device which would 
lift a number of warp threads at one time, for without proof of 
a mechanically produced shed, there is no tangible evidence of a 
true loom. 

As a result of their study, Messrs. Martin, Collier and Quimby 
believe it is impossible to tell whether a given Indian textile was 
woven on a loom, because some identical weaves can be produced 
either by looms or by any one of several finger techniques. 

Additional research projects conducted by Mr. Quimby were as 
follows: A synthesis of Aleut archaeology and ethnology, prepared 
for possible publication as an Anthropology Leaflet; a comparative 
study of some Hopewell and northern Algonkian art motifs which 
led to the hypothesis that the designs were similar in form and con- 
struction and that the Hopewell Indians and the ancestors of the 
northern Algonkians were culturally connected (the results of this 
study were published in the American Anthropologist). 

A study of Hopewellian tools and ornaments from Michigan and 
Indiana was published by the Michigan Academy of Science. The 
research was based upon collections in the Chicago Natural History 

Curator Collier carried out research on Inca civilization during 
the fifteenth century a.d. in order to plan and supervise a Peruvian 
diorama which was under construction during the year. It was 
necessary to study Inca costumes, economy, and architecture, and 
to collect information on the vegetation and general environment of 
the Urubamba Valley in southern Peru, the setting for the diorama. 
Through the courtesy of Mr. Rene d'Harnoncourt it was possible 
to secure especially taken color photographs of the region, and 
these slides have been of tremendous assistance. 

During the year the Museum Press issued Mr. Collier's report, 
prepared in collaboration with Mr. John V. Murra, entitled Survey 
and Excavations in Southern Ecuador. This publication sets forth 
the scientific results of the 1941 Field Museum-Andean Institute 
Archaeological Expedition to Ecuador, a detailed account of which 
was given in the Annual Report for 1942. 

Mr. Collier has been appointed Editor of South American Archae- 
ology for The Handbook of Latin American Studies, an annual publi- 
cation which lists and reviews scholarly publications. 


Also released from the Museum Press was Dr. C. Martin Wilbur's 
book, Slavery in China during the Former Han Dynasty, the research 
for which required more than ten years. 

Part I of this study throws light on two questions: (1) The nature 
of Chinese slavery in Former Han times; and (2) the function and 

Fig. 6. Dioramist Rovvell building the walls of a kiva (ceremonial chamber) 
in the Mummy Cave (see Fig. 5). The walls of the buildings were constructed 
of plaster of Paris "stones," and papier-mache "mortar" was used. "Spalls" (of 
plaster of Paris) were inserted in the masonry joints in order to simulate the actual 
masonry of the Pueblo Indians. 

position of slaves in Han society and economics. Part II translates 
and annotates some 140 passages on slaves discovered in historical 
literature written during the Former Han period or shortly there- 

Mr. Richard A. Martin, Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology, 
devoted a major portion of his time to the preparation of a popular 
book on mummies. This will be illustrated with fifteen colored 
drawings copied from tomb frescoes and sculptures and cleverly 
adapted by Curator Martin to the purpose of this publication. 
Mr. Martin also spent some time in familiarizing himself with 
various recent developments in Near Eastern and classical fields— 


Fig. 7. A child's head, band- 
aged to produce the type of 
cranial deformation shown in 
Figure 8. These bandages, 
usually applied immediately 
after birth, are worn from six 
weeks to two months. Photo- 
graph from New Britain. 

essential research which had been neglected for several years because 
of his occupation with the installation of new exhibits. 

Research in physical anthropology by Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, 
Curator of African Ethnology, has been concentrated on cranio- 
metrical work. References have been made in previous Annual 
Reports to a scheme which will finally result in a series of publica- 
tions dealing with a large collection of skulls from many parts of 
Melanesia. An early part of the work presents the measurements 
on deformed skulls of Malekula, and this section is introduced by 
drawings of living subjects. Research aims at studying these 
groups, not as isolated units, but in relationship to other crania 
from Malekula, and a great part of the work is concerned with 
comparisons made statistically and by means of superimposed 

Fig. 8. A deformed cra- 
nium from the island of 
Malekula, in the New 
Hebrides, where such 
deformation is regarded 
as a sign of beauty and 
social distinction. It does 
not affect normal mental 


cranial contours. The evidence of all kinds clearly indicates that 
the skulls of Malekula are of a distinctly Australian type. Unfortu- 
nately the Museum's collection does not contain any undeformed 
skulls from Malekula; however, as a control the Museum collection 
of crania from the adjacent island of Ambrym is used. Apparently 
cranial deformation does not affect the cranial capacity, and it is 
surprising that so few measurements of the deformed skulls are 
affected by compression during infancy. The first judgment would 
be that a considerable flattening of the forehead must result in a 
large number of correlated distortions, but statistical evidence shows 
this judgment to be mistaken (see Figs. 7 and 8). 

A statistical study of a group of skulls from New Caledonia 
shows that, like the skulls of Ambrym and Malekula, they are of a 
distinctly Australian type. This conclusion is in sharp contrast 
with that formed from the study of a large Chicago Natural History 
Museum series of male and female crania from New Guinea which 
are of a distinctly Negro type. In conclusion, Dr. Hambly's inquiry 
is extended to a statistical comparison which emphasizes the marked 
cranial relationship of Australians, Negroes of Africa, and Mela- 
nesians. Negroes and Australian aboriginals seem to have contrib- 
uted traits that in the aggregate form definite types of Melanesians 
(but one should insist that the word Melanesian is a geographical 
term which cannot be legitimately applied to Melanesian groups, 
which are as a rule either Negroid or Austral oid). 

Tables have been prepared to show the details of trait resem- 
blances in average cranial measurements for Australians, Polyne- 
sians, African Negroes, and definite types of Melanesians. There 
are more likenesses among these groups than we can explain by any 
theory of chance resemblance, and the research will finally lead to a 
detailed plotting of Melanesian areas according to cranial measure- 
ments which are either distinctly Negroid, Australian, or in some 
instances a mixture of the two. At present the tentative conclusion 
must be that, although Polynesian cultural and linguistic influences 
have been considerable, the amount of physical mixture of Polyne- 
sians with Melanesians is not impressive. 

Installations and Rearrangements— Anthropology . . . 

The opening of the first section of Hall B — History and Archae- 
ology of the Indians of North, Central, and South America — took 
place in January. A special preview of the exhibits was held for 
Members and especially invited guests. Tea was served. President 

-37 '. 

Stanley Field, Acting Director Orr Goodson, and the entire staff of 
the Department of Anthropology were present to welcome the guests 
and to explain the exhibits. 

The first section deals with the Indian civilizations as the white 
men found them about 1492. The technique employed for present- 
ing archaeological materials in this hall is different from any pre- 
viously used in this department. Here the visitor will find to his 
delight that good lighting, liberal use of gay colors harmoniously 
and tastefully blended, and practically no labels, make for attractive 
displays of the few specimens. 

There will be three sections in the hall, when it has been 
completed : 

1. "Indian America," the New World civilizations as the white 
man found them (now completed and opened). 

2. The New World civilizations as they were in the thousands 
of years preceding Columbus. This section will exhibit the main 
accomplishments of the Peruvians, Mayas, Aztecs, and Pueblos, as 
well as those of the Indians of the Mississippi Valley and the rest of 
North America. It will also show the chronological order and the 
sequence of these civilizations from approximately the year 1492 
back to the earliest evidence of man in the New World — or about 
15,000 to 25,000 years ago. The task of presenting these subjects 
will be carried out by means of dioramas and a limited number of 
specimens tastefully arranged to illustrate use. This section was 
opened late in the year although not completed. 

3. Techniques: how stone, bone and metal tools, pottery, baskets, 
and clothing were made and used ; how archaeologists find, excavate, 
and date ancient ruins; and finally, how archaeologists collect and 
interpret information such as is assembled in Section 2. 

The exhibits in Section 1 of this hall deal with a series of important 
culture traits arranged to show their forms and their spatial distri- 
bution over North, Central, and South America. Specifically we 
take up the following subjects: (1) Where we obtain some of our 
knowledge concerning the customs of the Indians; (2) architecture 
(houses and temples); (3) travel and transport; (4) clothing; (5) 
decorative art; (6) economy — agriculture, tobacco, hunting and 
fishing, pottery, weaving and textiles, and metal work; (8) a chart 
showing why some Indian civilizations are rated higher than others; 
and (9) writing. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Mrs. Anne Spoehr, and Dr. Martin 
formulated many of the ideas used in Hall B, and together they 


executed some of them in Section 1. After Dr. Spoehr's departure 
for the Navy early in 1942, Curators Collier and Quimby helped to 
carry on with the work and to plan and install several new exhibits. 
Mrs. Spoehr did the art work in all the cases in this section. 

Section 2 of Hall B was opened to the public in November. 
This section, although not completed, is dedicated to the American 
Indian civilizations as they were prior to the coming of the white 
man. Ten exhibits are on display. Seven of these deal with the 
Hopewell Indians who lived in southern Ohio about a.d. 1100 1400. 
The civilization of these Indians was well developed and was proba- 
bly more advanced in many ways than that of any other Indians 
east of the Rocky Mountains. 

The Hopewell farmers probably lived in skin- or bark-covered 
huts which were grouped together in small hamlets or towns. Near 
the houses were large and small burial mounds, from which all of 
our materials were dug. A low, earthen wall enclosed some of these 
hamlets and their burial mounds. This enclosing wall probably did 
not serve as a fortification; it was, rather, sacred in character. 

The people of these villages raised corn and perhaps squash and 
beans, and obtained other necessary items for their diet by fishing 
and hunting. They made pottery, wove cloth and basketry, and 
produced extraordinarily varied and beautiful ornaments of copper, 
mica, stone and silver. 

It is believed that the Hopewell farmers were united with other 
near-by Indians in some sort of political confederacy. From the 
meager evidence which is now available, it seems likely that there 
were privileged classes among the Hopewell Indians, some of whom 
may have held a high rank of some kind; that elaborate ceremonies 
were performed from time to time; that special guilds of craftsmen 
existed; that commerce and trade were carried on with far distant 
tribes; and that the people were organized socially in such a way as 
to permit the completion of large jobs (for example, the construction 
of large mounds) by means of co-operative labor. 

The exhibits attempt to portray all these phases of the daily 
life of these ancient Indians. Included, therefore, are exhibits illus- 
trating man's work; woman's work; personal ornaments of copper, 
stone and silver; a Hopewell woman; a Hopewell man wearing a 
ceremonial deer-antler headdress; and finally a display showing the 
artistic skill and the interest of the Hopewell craftsmen in man and 
nature. Other displays will show Hopewell villages and burial 
mounds, sculpture, ceremonies, and the materials which these 
Indians received by means of trade. 


Thus, the round of daily activities of an important group of 
Indians who lived in southern Ohio about 700 years ago has been 
carefully reconstructed from evidence secured by digging the Hope- 
well burial mounds, and presented in carefully planned exhibits 
which are attractive in layout and color. Labeling has been reduced 
to a minimum and no scientific terms have been used. 

Another exhibit, called "The Death Cult," is unique and illus- 
trates a curious period of emotionalism in the life of the American 
Indian. This exhibit shows some of the symbols and objects associ- 

Fig. 9. The Death Cult, represented here by cere- 
monial objects and sacred art, was a religious revival 
that spread rapidly among the various groups of 
Indians in the southeastern United States. This was 
a time of famine, epidemic diseases, and an increased 
death rate; villages were breaking up and civilizations 
cracking. With death and destruction close at hand, 



the Indians turned to religion for help. jj^E OF CHA 

Indian America (Hall B) 

ated with what was really a religious revival. This religious outburst, 
which lasted from about a.d. 1550 to 1650, centered in the south- 
eastern United States, and manifestations of it were present in large 
portions of the eastern United States (see Fig. 9). 

One important fact about the Death Cult should be noted: its 
dominating idea and all the objects and symbols associated with it 
were independent of peoples, areas, and civilizations. In other words, 
the revival of interest in religion and possibly in life after death was 
widespread and was not limited by language, civilization, or tribe. 

Thus, the Death Cult exhibit shows some of the symbols, art, 
and sacred objects used during this time of renewed interest in 
religion. The general psychological symptoms typical of this period 
are characteristic of a state of mind sometimes called dysphoria; 



that is, a general feeling of dissatisfaction, unhappiness, unrest, and 
perhaps despair. 

The art work in the second section was executed by Mr. Gustav 
Dalstrom, Staff Artist. Mr. Dalstrom is well known for his paintings, 
which have been widely exhibited, as well as his murals. Curators 
Quimby and Collier, and Artist Dalstrom, planned and supervised 
the installation of these ten exhibits. 

Four dioramas or scale models have also been planned for the 
second section of Hall B. One of these has already been finished — a 





reconstruction of a famous ruin, Mummy Cave in Canyon del 
Muerto, Arizona, as it probably appeared in a.d. 1250 (see Fig. 5). 

Mr. Alfred Lee Rowell, Staff Artist and Dioramist, who is well 
known for superior work in creating such exhibits, is responsible for 
the model of Mummy Cave. He will also construct the other three 
dioramas, two of which are now under way. 

Dr. C. Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and 
Ethnology, prepared three new exhibits before he assumed his war- 
time duties at the Office of Strategic Services in Washington. They 
are: The Old Stone Age in China; The Prehistory of China; and 
Early Cultures in North China. These exhibits represent a new 
departure for George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24) 
in that they present ideas rather than objects. Photographs, 


sketches, delicately colored backgrounds, and short labels were used 
along with some specimens to tell a story and to illustrate particular 

As a result of an increasing interest on the part of Museum 
visitors in the various parts of the world where American forces are 
or have been fighting, a special exhibit called Peoples of Our War 
Areas was organized by Curators Collier and Quimby. Representa- 
tive cases of material from Melanesia, Australia, North Africa and 
Alaska were selected and installed in the west half of James Nelson 
and Anna Louise Raymond Hall (Hall 4). In order to make room 
for this exhibit, the Eastern Woodland Indian cases in the hall were 
spaced more closely so as to fit into the east half. 

For a period in October, a temporary exhibit of United States 
Marine Corps photographs depicting combat scenes in the Solomon 
Islands was displayed in the Melanesian section of Peoples of Our 
War Areas. 

Department of Botany 

Research . . . 

In addition to the current work of determinations and care of 
the herbarium of flowering plants, research on the plants resulting 
from the Guatemalan expeditions of the five preceding years was 
continued throughout 1943 by Mr. Paul C. Standley, Curator of 
the Herbarium, and by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, 
during the early months of the year. 

Research on algae was continued by Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator 
of Cryptogamic Botany, especially on the classification of the 
Chroococcaceae and Oscillatoriaceae, partly in collaboration with 
Mr. William A. Daily of the herbarium of Butler University, Indi- 
anapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Daily, Mr. Donald Richards, volunteer 
assistant, Mr. J. C. Strickland of the University of Georgia, and 
Mr. Harry K. Phinney of Northwestern University made consider- 
able use of the Museum's collections of algae and bryophytes in their 
own studies. 

Several members of the staff were away during the year. Mr. J. 
Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, spent the 
year in California on leave of absence. Mr. Llewelyn Williams, 
Curator of Economic Botany, was engaged in emergency work for 
the United States government in Venezuela. Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, was engaged in similar 

Fig. 10. The cryptogamic herbarium, showing part of the room in which the 
collections of algae, mosses, and liverworts are housed. 

work in Guatemala, Ecuador, and Venezuela. In the early months 
of the year much of the time of Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of 
the Department, was occupied with war emergency work. 

Publications of the Department issued during the year by the 
Museum Press are listed on page 66. Besides these, various scien- 
tific contributions were printed elsewhere. Curator Standley pub- 
lished in several serials one short paper and several descriptions of 
new species of flowering plants. Two papers by Dr. Drouet on new 
species of cryptogams were published in the American Midland 
Naturalist. Curator Williams furnished an account of the results 
of his Venezuelan work in his Exploraciones Botdnicas en la Guyana 
Venezolana, a well-illustrated volume of 468 pages, printed in 
Caracas for the Servicio Botanico, Ministerio de Agricultura e Cria, 

Installations and Rearrangements— Botany . . . 

A few notable additions were made to the botanical exhibits. 
Most important was a habitat group of aquatic flowering plants of 
the American tropics, consisting of the huge water lily Victoria 
regia and its constant companions, a water hyacinth, an aquatic 


grass, and a waterfern, represented as they exist in their natural 
environment in the backwaters and side channels of the Amazon (see 
Fig. 11). This group of aquatics is the fourth of a series of six life- 
size landscape dioramas to be completed for Martin A. and Carrie 
Ryerson Hall (Plant Life — Hall 29). A fifth such habitat group, 
representing the plant life of the South African desert, is well 

Fig. 11. A new habitat group showing a typical community of freslvwater 
plants, including Victoria regia and a water hyacinth, in a channel off the Amazon 
(Hall 29). 

The synoptic exhibit of families of flowering plants in the same 
hall received a few new additions. One of these is a reproduction 
of a flowering branch of a screw pine, a Madagascar species of 
pandanus. Although the material for this was collected in 1919, 
difficulties of technique for years have stood in the way of its satis- 
factory handling. The screw pines are a group of woody-stemmed 
marsh plants growing throughout the Pacific islands. They are 
remarkable for the large proproots that support their stems and 
branches, and the spiral arrangement of their large grass-like 


Another long delayed exhibit recently added (see Fig. 12) is 
a model of the European wild kale, a sea-shore plant of the west 
coast of Europe. Representing the wild ancestral type from which 
the entire European cabbage clan with its many kinds of kale, head- 
cabbage, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts has apparently been 
derived, this plant is of more than ordinary interest. 

Various other items under way for the exhibits in this hall will 
doubtless be completed in 1944. In this connection there also were 
prepared during 1943 most of the many items required for an exhibit 
in the Hall of Food Plants (Hall 25) to show what part of our ordi- 
nary vegetable diet is of Old World origin. 

With the installation of Sitka spruce and noble fir obtained last 
year from the Pacific coast, and the reinstallation of ponderosa and 
sugar pine in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26), the exhibit of 
principal American woods finally becomes virtually complete. Only 
minor items — a few details of branches and some photos — remain 
to be acquired to round out a few recent installations from the Pacific 
northwest. It is expected that these can be obtained from friends 
of the Museum in that region. 

In 1943 the Department of Botany received 238 accessions con- 
sisting of material for the economic collections and for the exhibits 
and herbaria. There were 7,722 specimens received as gifts, 8,124 
as exchanges, and 1,046 as purchases; 10,669 (duplicates of 3,522 
numbers included) had been collected by Museum expeditions in 
previous years. 

The total of numbered specimens in the herbaria and other 
organized collections at the end of 1943 was 1,127,000. During the 
year there were added to the herbaria 17,777 sheets of specimens, of 
which 14,000 were cryptogams; also, several hundred photographs 
and printed or typewritten descriptions of new species of plants. 
Of the total receipts, specimens for the herbaria, including duplicates 
for exchange, amounted to 23,455, consisting of plant specimens and 

The largest accession of the year consisted of 6,500 herbarium 
specimens (2,272 numbers) and more than 1,100 numbers of woods 
and economic specimens, each sufficient for three or more duplicates, 
received as the result of the 1942 Field Museum-Venezuelan 
Government Expedition to the upper Orinoco, conducted by Cura- 
tor Llewelyn Williams. 

The largest gift of the year to the phanerogamic herbarium con- 
sisted of 991 specimens of plants of the Hawaiian Islands and the 


United States, presented by Dr. Otto Degener, of the New York 
Botanical Garden. 

Important exchanges were 2,226 Texas plants received from 
the Department of Botany of the University of Texas, Austin, and 
580 specimens of plants of the Fiji Islands, forwarded by the Arnold 
Arboretum, Harvard University, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. 

i ■" 


-*.*... • 

Fig. 12. Wild kale from 
Cliffs of Dover. A plant 
of the south and west 
coasts of Europe, probably 
ancestral to all the Euro- 
pean kinds of cultivated 
cabbage and their rela- 
tives. The original of this 
exhibit was grown in the 
Museum from seed ob- 
tained some years ago in 
the south of England. 
Hall 29 

In addition to specimens accruing from Museum expeditions, 
more than 7,600 new items were received in the cryptogamic her- 
barium. About 4,600 of these were gifts, most of them algae sent 
for identification by workers in various parts of North and South 
America. Noteworthy among the gifts is a set of 800 specimens of 
Mougeot and Nestler, Stirpes Cryptogamae Vogeso-rhenanae (1810- 
23), presented by Mr. Donald Richards, of Chicago. Some 3,000 
specimens were received in exchange from other institutions and 


Department of Geology 

Research . . . 

Until October, when Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleon- 
tology, was called into the Army, the Division of Paleontology had 
not been handicapped by loss of men to the armed forces. 

With its full staff, the division had been able to make normal 
progress, although the task of putting the vast exhibits (Ernest R. 
Graham Hall — Hall 38) in order, reinstalling a number of them, 
and planning and installing others, had brought about some reduc- 
tion in research. Curator Patterson made good progress in his 
studies on the relationships of certain South American mammals 
and birds. Dr. Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, continued 
his detailed studies on human dentition. 

Studies on fossil turtles were continued by Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, 
Chief Curator of Zoology, and two papers describing new species 
and new genera of Cretaceous and Paleocene forms were completed. 
The Museum now has the types of three Cretaceous turtles from 
Arkansas, the first to be described from the Mississippi Embayment, 
and interesting for comparison with the numerous fossil turtles of 
the Kansas Chalk. 

Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, com- 
pleted his study of a Pleistocene fauna from north central Nebraska. 
Although this fauna, mentioned in the Report for 1942, was small, 
the conclusions derived from it are of considerable interest. The 
glaciated regions of North America have never produced a mam- 
malian fauna that could definitely be tied in to the earliest part of 
the glacial period. Because of this, it has never been possible to 
correlate certain important faunas from the western and southern 
parts of the United States with faunas in the all-important glacial 
sequence. The Nebraska fossils, fortunately, were found in a series 
of deposits that appeared to be directly affected by the advance and 
retreat of the major ice sheets of the Pleistocene. This geological 
evidence, plus evidence derived from a rather large invertebrate 
fauna, seems definitely to link this deposit and its mammalian fauna 
with the earliest inter-glacial deposits of the glaciated regions. Thus 
we have for the first time concrete evidence as to the age of the 
western and southern faunas. This has necessitated a rather impor- 
tant change in the epoch allocation of a large group of mammal- 
bearing deposits. All of those beds of so-called Blancan age, formerly 
regarded as Pliocene, are now believed to be of Pleistocene age. 


An outgrowth of this study has added considerably to our 
knowledge of the Pliocene and Pleistocene history of the horse 
family. Excellent evidence is provided that the true horse, as we 
know it, did not originate in North America, as has always been 







Fig. 13. This colorful new exhibit illustrates the way in which changes in the 
structure of the horse have gone hand in hand with changes in its environment 
(Hall 38). 

believed. Instead it seems that an ancestral group of horses migrated 
to Asia over the Bering Strait (which was dry land and warm at that 
time). There the group continued in its evolutionary path to give 
rise to Equus, our living horse. From this Asiatic birthplace the true 
horse then spread throughout Eurasia and to North and South 



America. During most of the Pleistocene it lived in the western 
hemisphere, but it became extinct before white men appeared on 
the American scene. Exceedingly strong evidence was also found 
indicating that the zebra was of North American origin. It lived 







ABOUT 1.000,000 YEARS AGO. 




ABOUT 1,000,000 YEARS AGO 







Fig. 14. A graphic presentation of the distribution of the horse through its 
long geologic history (Figs. 13 and 14 represent the two parts of the exhibit show- 
ing the evolution and distribution of the horse; Hall 38). 

on this continent until early Pleistocene times and then spread to 
Asia, Europe and Africa. Soon thereafter it became extinct every- 
where except in Africa (see Fig. 14). 

In other sections of the Department, owing to the absence of 
most of the scientific staff on war work, there has been no research. 


The Department published, in the Museum Geological Series, an 
important paper on Measurements of the Age of the Solar System, by 
Dr. Robley D. Evans, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
This paper, based on studies of meteorite material provided by this 
Museum, shows that the atoms in other parts of the solar system are 
of the same age as those composing the earth. It was already known 
that some of the minerals of the oldest known terrestrial rocks crys- 
tallized about two billion years ago, although the atoms composing 
crystals are much older. This paper also suggests a probability 
that the material substance of the universe has an age definitely 
less than six billion years. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Geology . . . 

The Department staff has been so greatly depleted by the 
demands of the war that it has been necessary to confine continuance 
of work on important revisions of the exhibits, detailed in the 1942 
Report, to the vertebrate paleontology collection in Hall 38, where 
reinstallation continued at nearly the normal rate. 

Newly developed techniques in mounting fossil skeletons, com- 
bined with better knowledge of skeletal posture, have made it 
desirable to remount a number of specimens that had been exhibited 
for several years. Nine skeletons were thus improved during 1943. 

The program of reinstallation interfered with the planning and 
construction of cases, although one new exhibit was completed. 
This shows the relationships of the various carnivores of the western 
hemisphere. The history of each family, illustrated by skulls and 
jaws, is traced back through 55,000,000 years of evolution to the 
common ancestral group. The divergent phylogenetic lines are 
indicated by a diagrammatic tree. 

Much life, color, and interest have been added to a number 
of exhibits by excellent oil paintings, the work of Mr. John Conrad 
Hansen. These carefully made pictures depict the various fossil 
animals in their life form and in what was their most probable 

A critical study of the economic and physical geology reserve and 
study collections stored on the third floor was undertaken primarily 
to facilitate the reinstallation of the exhibits illustrating these sub- 
jects when this work is resumed. Although these specimens were 
already in such good order that any specimens could be easily found 
when wanted, it became apparent that some minor changes in 
arrangement, some additional data on the labels, and the preparation 


of a classified card catalogue would greatly increase their usefulness 
and research value, especially to visiting scientists. This work is 
well under way, but the collections are so large that it will take 
several years to complete the task. Each specimen is checked for 
errors in labeling, again checked against the records, and a more 
complete label provided. Cards for a classified catalogue call atten- 
tion to any features of special interest which might easily be over- 
looked. During the year catalogue cards and new labels have been 
provided for 3,130 physical geology specimens. 

Department of Zoology 

Research . . . 

The discontinuance of active field work necessitated by the war 
has had the benefit of making possible the completion of various 
studies in progress on the existing collections, and the residual staff 
has continued research in some of the Museum's major fields of 
scientific interest. 

In the Division of Anatomy, Miss H. Elizabeth Story has con- 
tinued work on the comparative anatomy of the carnivorous mam- 
mals, in relation to the monographic study of the giant panda. 
Several papers bearing on this project have been completed, and 
are in press or have appeared during the year. Dr. Harry Sicher, of 
the Chicago College of Dental Surgery, has continued his studies 
of the functional anatomy of the masticatory apparatus. 

Publications of the Department issued during the year by the 
Museum Press are listed on page 66. 

In the Division of Mammals, the appearance of The Mammals of 
Chile, by Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus, marks the com- 
pletion of a Museum project undertaken in 1922. Dr. Osgood has 
continued work on his check-list of South American mammals and 
on collections of mammals from Ecuador and Peru. 

In the Division of Birds, Mr. Boardman Conover continued his 
studies of game birds, and published two papers. Dr. Oscar Neu- 
mann, a volunteer, continued studies on exotic birds, and supplied 
information in aid of the Check-List of Birds of the World. 

In the Division of Reptiles, Curator Clifford H. Pope was engaged 
in the completion of his report on the amphibians and reptiles of the 
Chicago region, and on further studies of Illinois reptiles. Chief 


Curator Karl P. Schmidt continued work on fossil turtles, and on 
various faunal papers begun during past years. 

In the Division of Fishes, Assistant Curator Loren P. Woods 
brought his manuscript on fishes collected by the Leon Mandel 
Galapagos Expedition nearly to completion before being called to 
accept a commission in the Navy. Mrs. Marion Grey, a volunteer 
assistant, has worked steadily on a report on the fishes of the earlier 

Fig. 15. Unpainted plaster model of a bottle-nosed porpoise, one of a series in 
preparation to represent the porpoises and whales of the world in the Museum's 
projected Hall of Whales. 

Mandel Caribbean Expedition. A paper by another volunteer, Mr. 
Robert Haas, now in the Army, appeared in Copeia (1943, p. 160) 
under the title "A List of the Fishes of McHenry County, Illinois." 

In the Division of Insects, research on the very curious insect 
parasites of bats known as bat-flies was continued by Mr. Henry S. 
Dybas. He was engaged also in studies on a family of minute beetles, 
the Ptiliidae, found in polyporous fungi. The facilities of the 
Museum were again made available to local specialists, and studies 
on mordellid beetles and on conopid flies were made by Messrs. 
Eugene Ray and Sidney Camras respectively. Dr. Charles H. 
Seevers, Research Associate in Insects, was extremely helpful in 
arranging the collections of rove beetles (Staphylinidae) received 
with the Psota Collection, and has pursued various studies on beetles, 
in part under Museum auspices. 

Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, has continued 
the revision of his division's collections, with a by-product of taxo- 
nomic and other interesting notes. 

Thirteen articles were prepared by the staff of the Department 
for Field Museum News. Chief Curator Schmidt continued as 
Herpetological Editor of Copeia, and as consulting editor for the 
American Midland Naturalist. Mr. Schmidt also took part in the 
preparation of a handbook of the Pacific for the use of the armed 
forces, to appear under the title The Pacific World. 

Installations and Rearrangements— Zoology . . . 

A habitat group of gibbons in the Hall of Asiatic Mammals 
(William V. Kelley Hall — Hall 17) was completed early in the year. 
An old male, an adult female, and three youngsters of assorted sizes 
compose one of the tree-top family parties characteristic of the 
"social life" of the gibbon. The species shown is the Indo-Chinese 
Hylobates concolor gabriellae, in which the males are black and the 
females pale brown. Aside from the interest of their family life, 
the gibbons represent a peak of adjustment to life in trees, corres- 
ponding in their powers of tree-top locomotion to the spider monkeys 
of tropical America. The background of the group is by Staff Artist 
Arthur G. Rueckert; the vegetation and various other accessories 
are by Preparator Frank H. Letl, aided by Assistant Taxidermist 
Frank C. Wonder and Mr. Rueckert. The gibbons, obtained by 
Curator Emeritus Osgood on his expedition to Indo-China in 1936, 
were mounted by Staff Taxidermist W. E. Eigsti (see Fig. 2). 

In Hall 15 (mammals systematically arranged) a case of North 
American foxes was installed to show the extremely interesting color 
varieties of the red fox, and of the Arctic fox, that are of so much 
importance to the fur trade. The large-eared desert fox is also 
included; the gray fox, which is very different from the true 
foxes, may be seen in an adjoining case. The foxes are arranged on a 
natural base with ground work and vegetation, including a patch of 
snow for the Arctic foxes, in the style of the cases of North American 
cats, bears, and mountain sheep. The skins of the silver, black, cross, 
and red foxes were supplied by the Fromm Brothers from their re- 
markable fur farm at Hamburg, Wisconsin, where the fox has been 
added to the list of man's domestications. Mounting of the animals 
is the work of Staff Taxidermist W. E. Eigsti. 

An important addition to the same hall is a wall case contain- 
ing bats. Because they are the only mammals that fly, bats are of 


extraordinary interest. The case includes a superb model in celluloid 
of a fruit bat, by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, who also made 
other models or supervised their preparation, and installed the case. 
Since bats are for the most part small creatures, enlarged models are 
used to show such features as the remarkable variation in dentition 
correlated with food habits; various structures, such as a sucking 
disk on the wing of a tropical bat; and the bizarre faces produced by 
development of nose-leaves, ear-leaves, and other fleshy projections 
of the face that appear to be of some aid in flying in the dark. The 
vampire bat, which feeds on the blood of mammals, and may occa- 
sionally attack man, is shown in its spider-like running posture. By 
including skeletal material, mounted specimens, celluloid models, 
enlarged models of special structures, colored illustrations, and maps, 
the case embodies modern ideas of museum exhibition, which tend 
toward the explanation of the exhibits, and represent an important 
advance from the mere mounted specimen labeled with its scientific 

In Hall 19 a vacant case was installed with skeletons of the domes- 
tic pig, wart hog, and peccary, and skulls of the wild boar and the 
babirusa. These represent the more important types of the pig 
group. The installation is by Mrs. Dorothy Foss, Assistant in the 
Division of Anatomy, who enjoyed expert advice from Messrs. 
James Quinn and Harry Changnon of the Department of Geology. 

A model of a large boa constrictor (see Fig. 16) made by Mr. 
Walters, who used the "Walters Process," was installed in Albert W. 
Harris Hall (Hall 18), opposite the reticulated python. It forms an 
appropriate companion piece to the python, as these forms represent 
the two families of gigantic snakes whose names extend into the pop- 
ular vocabulary. The original specimen was presented to the 
Museum by the Lincoln Park Zoo, through the courtesy of the Direc- 
tor, Mr. Floyd Young. 

The Division of Birds reinstalled, with new labels, the small case 
of birds' eggs in Hall 21, and relabeled the albino case at the entrance 
to Hall 21. Corrections were made on certain labels in Halls 20 and 
21. This task was supervised by Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate in 
the division. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates, some relabeling of the 
exhibition collection is under way. The few shells broken or dis- 
placed in the course of moving the collection to its present location 
in Hall M were repaired or replaced. 

In the Division of Insects a case of exotic moths was installed 
in Harris Hall (Hall 18), to accompany the three cases installed in 


1942. Two of the cases now on exhibition show the principal types 
of moths and butterflies of North America, and two additional cases 
of the same groups exhibit representative types from other parts of 
the world. These cases contain some of the most beautiful of insects, 
and fill the long-felt need for an exhibit of moths and butterflies. 

Fig. 16. "Boa constrictor" is often used 
merely to refer to any gigantic snake, 
but the true boa constrictor of tropical 
America is by no means as gigantic as 
the South American anaconda or some 
Oriental pythons. This model of a 
South American boa constrictor, placed 
on exhibition in 1943, was made from 
an exceptionally fine specimen, about 
ten feet in length, received from the Lin- 
coln Park Zoo. The boa forms an excel- 
lent counterpart to the East Indian 
python in the same hall I Hall 18). 

Formerly inquiries for them from school groups and amateur natu- 
ralists made great inroads on the time of the Division of Insects, 
as such inquiries hitherto could only be referred to the reference 

Exhibition work in progress includes a number of major projects, 
most important of which is perhaps the making of a series of scale 
models of whales and life-size models of porpoises (see Fig. 15) for a 
Hall of Whales, to adjoin the Hall of Marine Mammals. The models 
are the work of Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. Staff Taxidermist 
Julius Friesser has been engaged mainly on the accessories for a 
habitat group of the African forest hog. Mr. Walters has made 


various molds of reptiles for exhibition, and is engaged on a model 
of a king cobra. 

A habitat group to represent the familiar fresh-water fishes of 
the Chicago region in an underwater scene will result from the 
combined efforts of Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Pray and Messrs. 
Rueckert, Letl, and Eigsti. Before his departure for the Navy, 
Curator Woods laid the plans for an exhibition illustrating fish 
coloration, to give a vivid demonstration of what is known of the 
principles of coloration in fishes — what relations the coloration bears 
to the environment, why fishes are colored, and how they change 
color. The models for this exhibit have been prepared, in a great 
variety of ingenious techniques, by Mr. Pray. 

Miss Nellie B. Starkson, Artist-Preparator, has been engaged 
throughout the year on models for an exhibit to show the principles 
of muscular action for the Hall of Anatomy and Osteology (Hall 
19). Artist-Preparator Joseph Krstolich has modeled various verte- 
brates and invertebrates for a "tree of life," to be associated with the 
invertebrate fossils in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37) of the 
Department of Geology. Such representations of the family rela- 
tions of animals form an urgent need in various zoological halls. 

Much of the regular work of the various divisions is not covered 
under formal headings of the Annual Report. The staff of the 
Department continues to function as an information bureau, answer- 
ing questions that range in importance from those of most trivial 
nature to important aid to fellow scientists. Questions as to the ages 
reached by various birds, mammals, reptiles, and fishes, the period 
of gestation of mammals and of incubation of birds' eggs, the loca- 
tion of illustrations of animals of all kinds, and data needed by pub- 
lishers of textbooks and encyclopedias — come by letter, telephone, 
and personal interview, and continue to form a regular and often a 
time-consuming part of Museum work. It may be pointed out that 
encouragement of amateur naturalists of all ages is and should be 
an important activity of the staff. 

The Division of Anatomy, with the two local zoos as sources of 
material, prepares its own skeletons, and this important Museum 
activity has fallen to Mrs. Dorothy Foss. The work of preparing a 
single skeleton involves skinning, fleshing the bones, drying, boiling, 
cleaning, bleaching, numbering, cataloguing, and arrangement in 
the storage collection. The aid of dermestid beetles is invoked 
for the cleaning of the smaller skeletons, but the beetles by no means 
produce a finished skeleton, and skeletons in the beetle drawers 
have to be watched daily lest the beetles eat the smaller bones as 


well as the dried flesh. Still other techniques are used on skeletons 
desired for mounting. Thus the accession of 109 skeletons means 
that they were cleaned by the Division of Anatomy, as well as added 
to the collection. In connection with her work in preparing skele- 
tons, Mrs. Foss has drawn up about fifty autopsies of birds and 
mammals during the year for the zoos from which specimens had 


Fig. 17. Goliath beetles, from West Africa, are among the largest beetles of 

the world, often reaching a length of four inches. The family Cetomdae, to which 

they belong, is especially well represented in the Psota Collection, acquired by the 
Museum in 1943. 

been received in the flesh. The skeletons prepared in 1943 include 
a half-grown elephant and a giant eland among large animals, and, 
at the opposite extreme, the smallest of birds and rodents. 

A continuing duty of the taxidermy shop — the care of the large 
mammal skins, together with the preparation of skins from varied 
sources — falls largely to Mr. Dominick Villa, the Museum's expert 
tanner. The preparation of smaller bird and mammal skins from 
fresh specimens is done by Messrs. Wonder and Eigsti. The recent 
falling off of accessions has afforded the opportunity to engage in a 
much needed program of repair and improvement of the older bird 
and mammal skins of the reference collections. 

The physical care of the reference collections involves repeated 
poisoning of the collections of skins and of insects, change and replen- 
ishment of alcohol on specimens preserved in that fluid, and constant 

■57 > 

rearrangement to make room for new material or to bring the 
arrangement into accord with improved classifications. 

A considerable share of the time of the staff is occupied by the 
entertainment and guiding of scientists from other institutions who 
visit the Museum to examine its collections, study its techniques, and 
confer with their colleagues here. Other visitors bring inquiries 
about Museum work directly to the staff. 

Total accessions number 160,607, of which the great majority 
(156,382) are insects. Accessions of lower invertebrates number 
3,326; of fishes, 87; of amphibians and reptiles, 366; of birds, 68; of 
mammals, 150; of anatomical material, 38, and of skeletons, 190. 
The most noteworthy gift of mammals is the collection of 72 speci- 
mens made by Curator Emeritus Osgood in South Dakota. Judge 
R. Magoon Barnes, the Curator of Birds' Eggs, presented two eggs 
of the California condor (collected in the '70's), valued conserva- 
tively at $200; and Mr. Walter F. Webb, of Rochester, New York, 
continued gifts of rare or otherwise noteworthy specimens of land 
and fresh-water shells. 

The most important acquisition of the year was the collection of 
beetles accumulated by the late Frank J. Psota, of Chicago, pur- 
chased for the Museum by an anonymous donor. This collection, 
amounting to about 150,000 specimens, represents the life work of at 
least five specialists on various families of beetles, as well as impor- 
tant portions of the collections of several other well-known collectors. 
It contains many large, attractive, and rare species that are highly 
prized by collectors, and some hundreds of types and co-types are 
included. The sixty- two drawers of beetles of the family Cetonidae 
represent the interest of three generations of the Ondrej family, of 
Prague (see Fig. 17). The collection includes microscopes, a variety 
of collecting equipment, and the specialized library of about 500 
bound volumes and 6,000 pamphlets. Among other accessions of 
insects, the 2,789 moths and butterflies received as a gift from Mrs. 
Edward F. Lustig, of Elkhart, Indiana, are especially valued as 
including many local species poorly represented in the Museum's 
collections. This collection, mostly from Illinois and the adjoining 
states, had been accumulated by Mrs. Lustig's late husband. 

It is gratifying to note a considerable series of gifts from men in 
the armed services at stations within the United States and even 
from the Aleutian and Solomon Island fronts — friends of the Mu- 
seum as well as our own staff. This special list of collectors is given 
below, with the number of specimens sent by each, and it should 
be noted that fully appreciated at the Museum are the difficulties 


involved in capturing, preserving, packing, and shipping speci- 
mens under war conditions: Pfc. William Beecher, 209; Lieut. 
Alvin R. Cahn, U.S.N.R., 85; Cpl. D. Dwight Davis, 40; Pvt. R. C. 
Ellis, 4; Col. Clifford C. Gregg, 10; Pvt. Ernest B. Haas, 77; Lieut. 
Harry Hoogstraal, 43; Pvt. Borys Malkin, 61; Lieut. L. J. Marchand, 
21; Lieut. Colin C. Sanborn, U.S.N.R., 1; Lieut. Harold Trapido, 29; 
Lieut. Robert Traub, 8; Capt. Rupert L. Wenzel, 182. 

Cataloguing, Inventorying, and Labeling — 

All Departments . . . 

The customary attention was given in all four scientific depart- 
ments to the tasks of cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling. 

Anthropology . . . 

New accessions received by the Department of Anthropology 
totaled sixteen, of which nine were entered in the inventory books. 
Ten previous accessions were entered in whole or in part. A total 
of 674 catalogue cards was prepared during the year, and 1,155 
cards were entered (including some held over from previous years). 
Since the inventory books were first started, 229,372 cards have been 
entered in them. The Division of Printing delivered to this Depart- 
ment 2,950 catalogue cards, 61 maps, and 463 labels representing 
113 label forms prepared by the Department of Anthropology. 

Botany . . . 

There were distributed by the Department of Botany in exchange 
to institutions and individuals in North and South America 50 lots 
of duplicate material, totaling 7,722 items, consisting chiefly of her- 
barium specimens and photographs. There were received on loan 
for study and determination 30 lots of material, comprising more 
than 1,550 items. There were lent for determination, or use in 
monographic studies, 40 lots consisting of 3,402 specimens. Of 
specimens lent for monographic studies in previous years, it is 
assumed that 373 specimens, including a number of types on loan 
to the Berlin Botanical Garden, were destroyed in the bombing of 
March 12, 1943. 

More than 14,000 new specimens were mounted on sheets and 
filed in the cryptogamic herbarium during 1943. Work was con- 
tinued on the renovation of the packaging of the fungi. The collec- 


tions of mosses were rearranged in families according to the system 
of classification of Engler and Prantl. The packets, required in 
great numbers, were folded by Mrs. Catharine M. Richards of 
Chicago. About 3,500 duplicate specimens of cryptogams were 
prepared and distributed in exchanges to public and private herbaria. 

During 1943 more than 16,000 prints with herbarium labels from 
the negatives of type specimens obtained in European herbaria by 
Mr. Macbride were supplied at cost or in exchange for similar photo- 
graphs to botanists in North and South America. 

A complete set of prints of the type photographs from Europe 
are on file in the phanerogamic herbarium and present no special 
problem. The Department's files of other botanical photographs 
have required special attention during the year. In the course of 
time these have grown so extensively that the prevailing system 
of keeping track of them geographically and chronologically, 
arranged in photographic albums, has now become practically 
unmanageable, even in the hands of the one or two members of the 
staff with special personal knowledge of the photographs. A com- 
pletely new filing system has therefore been initiated which, when 
finished and kept up to date, should enable any member of the 
botanical staff to find prints and negative numbers of any desired 
items on hand. This should facilitate greatly the filling of requests 
for photographs, now often a time consuming and costly operation. 

Special storage cases have also been built for the filing and pres- 
ervation of the Department's large collections of negatives, includ- 
ing the Harper photographs of fungi and other cryptogams, the 
collection of negatives of types from European herbaria, and the 
many photographs made on botanical expeditions. 

Geology . . . 

During the year 162 entries were made in the Department's 
twenty-nine record books. All specimens received during the year 
were catalogued except such vertebrate fossils collected by expedi- 
tions as have not yet been sufficiently prepared for cataloguing. 
All the classified card catalogues which index the gem, meteorite, 
mineral, rock, photograph, map and vertebrate fossil collections have 
been kept up to date. A new classified card catalogue of physical 
geology was started and 3,130 cards typed for it. In all, 3,722 
additions were made to these catalogues. One hundred seventy-six 
photographs were labeled, catalogued and mounted in the albums. 
Copy for eighty-four labels was prepared and sent to the Division 
of Printing, and the labels were installed. 


Zoology . . . 

Entries in the Department catalogues number 5,899, of which 16 
are for anatomy, 173 for mammals, 2,629 for birds, 335 for amphib- 
ians and reptiles, 725 for fishes, 215 for insects, and 1,806 for lower 
invertebrates. The entries for insects and lower invertebrates cover 
lots of specimens, while those of the other divisions ordinarily repre- 
sent single specimens. Cataloguing of the birds of the Bishop 
Collection has gone forward, thanks to the aid of Mrs. John Morrow. 
The revision of the reference collection of mollusks has occupied 
much of Dr. Haas's time, and involves new labels and checks, and 
rechecks of the old. 

Membership . . . 

Despite the continued heavy demands on the public purse due 
to the war effort, a notable increase in the enrollment of Museum 
Members was accomplished during 1943. This is most encouraging 
and gratifying. 

A total of 428 new Members was procured in 1943; losses incurred 
through transfers, cancellations, and deaths numbered 374, resulting 
in a net increase of 54 Members, as compared with a loss of 49 Mem- 
bers in 1942. The total number of memberships recorded as of 
December 31, 1943, is 4,326. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the list 
of each of the membership classifications at the end of 1943: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 11 

Patrons 24 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 134 

Corporate Members 45 

Life Members 223 

Non-Resident Life Members 13 

Associate Members 2,379 

Non- Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 7 

Annual Members 1,452 

Total memberships 4,326 

The interest manifested in the Chicago Natural History Museum 
and its activities, as evidenced by the many public-spirited citizens 
who as Members are so loyally supporting its educational work, 
is most deeply appreciated. An expression of gratitude for their 
past support is owed also to those Members who are now serving 


in the armed forces, and to those who for other reasons found it 
necessary to discontinue their memberships. When it is possible 
for them to do so, it is hoped they will resume their association 
with the institution. 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1943 will be 
found on the pages at the end of this Report. 

Public Relations . . . 

For publicity, the most notable event of 1943 was the celebration 
of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Field Museum, and the 
change of name to the Chicago Natural History Museum. Other 
events which received much attention in the press were the Museum's 
First International Photographic Exhibit, and the opening of the 
new Hall of Indian America (Hall B). 

Despite reduction in the size of all newspapers, the Museum 
continued to receive generous treatment for news of its activities. 
Outstanding "spreads" included several rotogravure pages. 

Editors, special writers, editorial writers, columnists, and pho- 
tographers co-operated gratifyingly with Mr. H. B. Harte, the 
Museum's Public Relations Counsel, in carrying the institution's 
news stories, announcements, and pictures to the public. 

To the staffs of the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Sun, Chicago 
Daily Times, Chicago Tribune, Chicago Herald-American, and Chicago 
Journal of Commerce, the Museum owes a debt of gratitude for their 
courteous treatment of this institution. The transmission of Mu- 
seum news to the various local newspaper offices was on innumerable 
occasions expedited by the City News Bureau. 

Likewise, gratitude is due to the Associated Press, United Press, 
International News Service, Science Service, and other national and 
international news agencies for transmitting Museum news. 

Museum events were frequently given valuable notices on various 
radio programs. Appreciation is due especially to Mr. Patsy 
Gallichio, announcer, to his sponsor, the Chicago and North Western 
Railway, and to the Caples Company which operates the "North 
Western Hour" over station WMAQ, for the very frequent and 
exceedingly valuable publicity given the Museum via that medium. 

Not only the metropolitan press and the radio systems, but also 
community newspapers in all parts of Chicago, foreign-language 
papers, and suburban and other dailies and weeklies throughout 
the Middle West contributed valuable publicity. 


The number of releases produced and distributed directly by the 
Public Relations Counsel totaled nearly 300. Many of these were 
accompanied by photographs; others stimulated editors to assign 
their own writers and photographers for follow-up stories and 
pictures. Occasionally Museum stories resulted also in favorable 
editorial comments in newspapers and magazines. 

Field Museum News (which, with the change of name of the 
Museum, becomes Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin), 
was reduced from a monthly to eight issues, to conform with the 
paper-saving program, and because of the absence in war service of 
many members of the staff who normally are contributors. How- 
ever, a special 40-page Golden Anniversary Number was published 
as the September-October issue under the title, "Fifty Years of 

Other work of the Public Relations Counsel included the prepara- 
tion of folders, pamphlets, and articles for such publications as the 
Americana Annual (of the Americana Encyclopedia). 

Various transportation companies and other organizations made 
available to the Museum, without cost, the advertising facilities 
they control. Among those which thus publicized the institution 
are: the Chicago Rapid Transit Lines; Chicago, Aurora and Elgin 
Railroad; Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad; Chicago 
and North Western Railway, and Chicago Surface Lines. 

Library . . . 

Because of preoccupation with the war, and the large number of 
students who have gone into the armed forces, there was a reduction 
in the number of visitors from outside, and those who did come were 
largely seeking information of types different from that normally 
required. Consultations of the Library by telephone have shown a 
marked increase. There were many readers eager to obtain material 
about the natural history of countries to which they might be dis- 
patched by Army and Navy, or to which friends and relatives had 
gone. Naturally there has been a heavy demand for maps, and by 
good fortune the Library recently acquired many unusually valuable 
additions to its map collections. 

Especially useful has been the new edition of the Union List of 
Serials which was received during the year. As this is one of the most 
important tools of all libraries, and requires constant research to keep 
it up to date, work was immediately begun for revisions and addi- 
tions in anticipation of the next edition. 


The binding project to rehabilitate many of the Library's valu- 
able volumes was continued in full force during 1943. As this work 
goes on, the shelves are gradually taking on a more attractive appear- 
ance, and many books will now be well preserved for years to come. 

Officers and men of the Army and Navy have called upon the 
Library frequently for the use of books and maps having a bearing 
on strategic and other war problems. At the request of government 
agencies, some of the Library's material has been sent on loan to 
Washington and other centers. 

The war has, of course, continued to prevent the receipt of most 
foreign periodicals, although a few have come through with fair 
regularity. However, the Library was able to purchase some much- 
desired sets of periodicals, as well as various volumes which had 
been lacking from sets already on the shelves. Among sets com- 
pleted or near to completion are the following: 


Transactions of the American Microscopical Society; volumes 10-16, 35-37. 
Transactions of the New Zealand Institute; fourteen early volumes. 
Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society; early numbers. 
Archives of Science and Transactions of the Orleans County Society of Natural 

In the past few years especial attention has centered upon 
material on Mollusca, and in 1943 several important and unusual 
titles have been added. Among these are: 

American Conchology, and Monography of the Family Unionidae. By Timothy 

Abbott Conrad. 
United States Exploring Expedition in the Years 1838-18^.2. Volume 12: 

Mollusca and Shells. By A. A. Gould. 1852. 
Observations on the Genus Unio. By Isaac Lea. 
American Conchology. By Thomas Say. 

Acquisitions include a large collection of material on Coleoptera 
with about 7,000 pamphlets and approximately 1,000 volumes. 
This collection includes several entomological periodicals and mono- 
graphs, together with publications from entomological societies and 
institutions. There are also such valuable sets as the following: 

Biologia Centr all- Americana. 
Macrolepidoptera. By Adalbert Seitz. 
Coleopterorum catalogus; 106 parts. 

Synonymie Insectorum: Genera and Species Curculionidum; 8 volumes. By 
Carl Johann Schonherr. 

An opportunity was presented to obtain a valuable addition to 
the material on whales, and approximately 150 titles were added. 


The Carnegie Institution of Washington has continued to send 
its valuable publications. President Stanley Field renewed his gift 
of subscriptions to many desirable periodicals. Mr. Walter F. Webb 
contributed the five volumes of Museum published from 1894 to 
1900. Mr. Henry Miller gave a collection of 100 current maps. From 
Mr. Elmer S. Riggs, formerly of this Museum, were received paleon- 
tological publications which were a welcome addition to the collection 
he had already presented. Mr. Leon L. Pray gave a copy of his recent 
book Taxidermy. Mr. Emil Liljeblad presented additional valuable 
entomological material, including special publications on the Modelli- 
dae. Mrs. William H. Bush presented seventeen most interesting 
small manuscripts in various Asiatic languages. Colonel Clifford C. 
Gregg has given the current numbers of many periodicals. Dr. 
Henry Field has continued sending current numbers of interesting 
and helpful publications. Mr. Boardman Conover has presented 
publications and maps, and Mr. Henry W. Nichols has added cur- 
rent numbers of periodicals to those he had previously donated. 

The service of inter-library loans has been continued, and the 
Museum has sent books to various parts of the country. It is 
indebted to other libraries for similar courtesies and acknowledges 
these with gratitude. The Museum is especially indebted to the 
John Crerar Library, University of Chicago Libraries, American 
Museum of Natural History Library, the United States Department 
of Agriculture, and Northwestern University Library. 

Upon learning of the great loss sustained at Lima, Peru, by the 
Sociedad Geografica when its whole library was destroyed by fire, 
this Museum, like others, sent its publications to replace those lost. 

Publications and Printing . . . 

The number of scientific publications issued by the Museum 
in 1943 was more than double the number published during the pre- 
ceding year, and distribution mounted accordingly. Taking advan- 
tage of modification of censorship regulations regarding shipment of 
publications outside the United States, copies of scientific publica- 
tions which had accumulated since late in 1941 were sent at the end 
of November, 1943, through the courtesy of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution in Washington, D.C., to foreign exchanges in the western 
hemisphere. Limited ocean shipping space and wartime restrictions 
make it necessary to continue holding here for the duration such 
copies of publications as are intended for exchange libraries in other 
parts of the world. 


The copies distributed to domestic and certain foreign exchanges 
on the Museum's lists totaled 9,212 scientific publications, 120 
leaflets, and 1,587 miscellaneous publications and pamphlets. 

Sales during the year totaled 2,800 publications, 6,360 leaflets, 
and 17,505 miscellaneous pamphlets, such as Guides, Handbooks, 
and Memoirs. Nineteen new exchange arrangements with institu- 
tions and scientists were established. For future sales, foreign 
exchanges, and other distributions, the Museum in 1943 wrapped, 
labeled, and stored 29,205 copies of scientific publications and miscel- 
laneous pamphlets. 

A total of 83,909 post cards was sold during the year. 

Production of the Division of Printing in 1943 included twenty- 
two new numbers in the Museum's regular publication series. These 
comprised 1,980 pages of type composition. The aggregate number 
of copies printed was 24,676. A pamphlet containing three addresses 
delivered at the meeting commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of 
Field Museum, consisting of 30 pages (7,007 copies), and The Gen- 
eral Council on Zoological Nomenclature, consisting of four pages 
(130 copies), also were printed. A twenty-third edition of the Gen- 
eral Guide, consisting of 58 pages and nine illustrations (10,244 
copies), and a twelfth edition of the Handbook of the Museum, con- 
taining 80 pages (3,069 copies), were also printed. The total number 
of pages printed in all books was 2,188 and the total copies issued 
numbered 45,545. 

Of major importance was the printing of eight issues of Field 
Museum News (now Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin), 
with an average of 5,200 copies a month. In 1943 there was one 
issue of 15,000 copies — the special Fiftieth Anniversary Edition. 
Exhibition labels printed during the year reached a total of 1,968. 
Other printing, including posters, Museum Stories, lecture schedules, 
and post cards, brought the total number of impressions for the 
year to 1,190,964. 

Following is a detailed list of publications issued during the year: 

Publication Series 

523. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 25. External Characters of the Bats of the 
Subfamily Glossophaginae. By Colin Campbell Sanborn. January 6, 
1943. 8 pages, 1 text figure. Edition 904. 

524. — Botanical Series, Vol. 23, No. 1. Studies of Central American Plants — 777. 
By Paul C. Standley and Julian A. Steyermark. January 14, 1943. 
28 pages. Edition 824. 

525. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 34. Slavery in China During the Former Han 
Dynasty. By C. Martin Wilbur. January 15, 1943. 490 pages, 2 plates, 
1 map. Edition 718. 


526. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 32, No. 2. The SU Site. Excavations at a 
Mogollon Village, Western New Mexico. Second Season, 1941. By Paul 
S. Martin. February 24, 1943. 174 pages, 49 text figures, 12 maps. 
Edition 677. 

527. — Zoological Series, Vol. 28, No. 1. The Carotid Circulation in the Domestic 
Cat. By D. Dwight Davis and H. Elizabeth Story. March 25, 1943. 
48 pages, 9 text figures. Edition 857. 

528. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 35. Survey and Excavations in Southern 
Ecuador. By Donald Collier and John V. Murra. May 15, 1943. 108 
pages, 54 plates, 18 text figures, 3 maps. Edition 1,212. 

529. — Zoological Series, Vol. 29, No. 1. M alacological Notes — III. By Fritz Haas. 
June 10, 1943. 24 pages, 8 text figures. Edition 881. 

530. — Report Series, Vol. 13, No. 1. Annual Report of the Director for the Year 
191*2. January, 1943. 120 pages, 8 plates. Edition 5,732. 

531.— Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part III, No. 1. Flora of Peru. By J. Francis 
Macbride. October 11, 1943. 510 pages. Edition 834. 

532. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 26. Peruvian Snakes from the University of 
Arequipa. By Karl P. Schmidt and Warren F. Walker, Jr. October 20, 
1943. 18 pages. Edition 939. 

533. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 27. Snakes of the Peruvian Coastal Region. 
By Karl P. Schmidt and Warren F. Walker, Jr. October 20, 1943. 28 
pages, 1 map. Edition 934. 

534. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 28. Three New Snakes from the Peruvian 
Andes. By Karl P. Schmidt and Warren F. Walker, Jr. October 20, 
1943. 6 pages. Edition 958. 

535. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 29. Amphibians and Reptiles from the Sudan. 
By Karl P. Schmidt. October 20, 1943. 8 pages, 1 text figure. Edition 

536.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 30. The White Sands Earless Lizard. By 
Hobart M. Smith. October 20, 1943. 6 pages. Edition 917. 

537. — Botanical Series, Vol. 20, No. 7. Myxophyceae of Eastern California and 
Western Nevada. By Francis Drouet. November 20, 1943. 34 pages, 
4 text figures. Edition 940. 

538. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 31. A Study of the Torrent Ducks. By 
Boardman Conover. November 20, 1943. 12 pages. Edition 837. 

539.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 32. The Odonata of Chile. By James G. 
Needham and Dillman S. Bullock. November 20, 1943. 18 pages, 
3 text figures. Edition 888. 

540. — Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 33. Bird Lice from the Tinamidae. By 
Theresa Clay. November 26, 1943. 14 pages, 5 text figures. Edition 

541. — Zoological Series, Vol. 29, No. 2. Notes on Coral Snakes from Mexico. By 
Karl P. Schmidt and Hobart M. Smith. November 26, 1943. 8 pages. 
Edition 934. 

542. — Zoological Series, Vol. 30. The Mammals of Chile. By Wilfred H. Osgood. 
December 28, 1943. 268 pages, 33 text figures, 10 maps. Edition 845. 

543. — Geological Series, Vol. VII, No. 6. Measurements of the Age of the Solar 
System. By Robley D. Evans. December 28, 1943. 20 pages, 5 text 
figures. Edition 1,223. 

544. — Zoological Series, Vol. 29, No. 3. The Auditory Region of the Arctoid Carni- 
vores. By Walter Segall. December 31, 1943. 28 pages, 4 text figures. 
Edition 827. 

Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part III, No. 1, pp. 413-439. (Reprint.) 
Desmodium. By Bernice G. Schubert. October 11, 1943. 30 pages. 
Edition 151. 

 67 • 

Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part III, No. 1, pp. 454-458. (Reprint.) 
Crotalaria. By Harold A. Senn. October 11, 1943. 6 pages. Edition 

Handbook Series 

Handbook of the Museum. General information concerning the Museum, 
its history, building, exhibits, expeditions, and activities. Twelfth 
edition. April, 1943. 80 pages, 8 plates. Edition 3,069. 

Guide Series 

General Guide to Museum Exhibits. Twenty-third edition, 1943. 58 pages, 
6 plates, 3 text figures. Edition 10,244. 

The Book Shop . . . 

The Book Shop of the Museum again reports a notable increase 
in its sales, reaching the highest total of any year since it was estab- 
lished. This was accomplished despite the difficulties arising from 
inability of publishers to meet the usual demands for their wares, 
resulting from the paper shortage. A large volume of mail orders 
was handled in addition to over-the-counter sales. The policy of 
selling only books of the highest standards, which pass tests imposed 
by members of the Museum's scientific staff to insure their authen- 
ticity, was adhered to rigidly. This policy has apparently resulted 
in building up confidence among discriminating purchasers. 

Photography and Illustration . . . 

During 1943 there was an increase of production by Photographer 
C. H. Carpenter and his assistants to a total of 16,017 items as com- 
pared to 12,458 in the preceding year. This figure includes negatives, 
prints, enlargements, lantern slides, transparencies, and miscellane- 
ous items. Although the bulk of production was for internal needs 
of the departments and divisions of the Museum itself, a large num- 
ber of items was also prepared for other institutions, the press, book 
publishers, and sales to the public. Work was continued on the huge 
task of classifying, indexing, numbering, captioning, and filing the 
Museum's collection of more than 100,000 negatives. Special work 
was done in new process color photography. 

The production of the Museum's Staff Illustrator, Mr. John J. 
Janecek, was curtailed somewhat owing to his absence for approxi- 
mately one-half of the year to engage in the preparation of strategic 
war maps for the armed forces. However, several hundred art work 
items were completed, including 55 scientific and illustrative draw- 
ings for publications, slides, labels, transparencies, etc.; coloring of 


86 stereopticon slides; drawing, lettering, and coloring of 25 maps; 
retouching of 31 negatives, etc. ; and numerous miscellaneous items 
such as layouts, graphs, plans, etc. The Illustrator assisted also in the 
painting of the two large global maps used in the Museum's fiftieth 
anniversary special exhibit, and designed the new Museum seal. 

The painting of backgrounds for habitat groups and dioramas, 
which is the principal work of Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, is 
covered in this Report in the sections devoted to the Departments 
of Zoology and Botany. Mr. Rueckert also did a major part of the 
work on the hemisphere maps used in the golden anniversary 
exhibit, and assisted in various other projects. 

Art Classes . . . 

The Museum continued, as for many years past, to perform a 
useful function by providing facilities for the use of both adult and 
child students in classes brought here by the School of the Art 
Institute of Chicago. It is particularly gratifying that these two 
institutions should be able to co-operate so successfully. The art 
students found in this Museum much material which assisted them 
in their studies in composition, drawing, painting, research, design, 
sketching, and modeling. Large classes of children from the art 
school's Saturday Junior Department make natural history studies 
at this Museum a standard part of their curriculum. 

Cafeteria . . . 

The Museum Cafeteria served 93,811 visitors, a slight decline 
from the 95,002 who bought meals in 1942. The rooms provided 
for those who bring their own lunches accommodated more persons 
than in the preceding year— 87,327 in 1943 as against 81,184 in 
1942. In these rooms the Cafeteria management provides sand- 
wiches, desserts, and soft drinks, to supplement the box lunches 
brought by patrons, who are principally children. 

Maintenance and Construction . . . 

Despite war-engendered shortages of material and reduced per- 
sonnel, the Museum building was properly maintained, and the most 
vital new projects were completed. 

In the Library, some furniture was rebuilt and some new equip- 
ment made. Shop work was done for the Harris Extension on case 


parts. Work was completed on the newly located children's cloak 
room in the north corridor, ground floor. 

The Registrar's office was extended to include a small area under 
the north stairs, fitted to serve as a mail distribution room. 

Eighty-one window frames and sashes, principally on the third 
floor, were repaired. Two court skylights were re-covered with 
insulating material and reroofed, and the photographer's operating 
room skylight was repaired. The major portion of the fourth floor 
roof was recoated. Considerable tuckpointing, caulking and 
masonry repairs were done. The flag poles were painted. 

The monolith displayed in Stanley Field Hall in connection with 
the Museum's fiftieth anniversary celebration, was designed and 
erected. Eight cases were prepared to house the photographic 
exhibit, "Lenses on Nature," on display during the celebration. 

Signs with the Museum's new name were made and installed at 
the north and south entrances. A contract was let to revise the 
lettering on the bronze name plate above the north door, and on 
the Benefactors' and Contributors' standards in Stanley Field Hall. 

A limited amount of wall washing and painting was done during 
the year, but wartime priorities on materials, and the shortage of 
manpower available for such work, made it impossible to maintain 
customary standards. 

In the Department of Geology, ten case bases were constructed 
for the Division of Paleontology, and six cases were remodeled in 
Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). A large opening was cut into 
Room 100. 

For the Department of Zoology, several bookcases were made 
and other improvements effected in the department library and Chief 
Curator's office. Six case fronts in Hall were remodeled with slop- 
ing view glasses to overcome reflections. Hall M (lower inverte- 
brates) was relocated in a space vacated by the Department of 
Anthropology (a portion of Hall L), to provide a better location for 
the projected whale hall. Nine wall cases were built. Five cases in 
Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18) were remodeled, and a new case was 
built. A drying case and a metal-covered dissecting table were 
constructed for Room 85 (Anatomy), and a work counter, a labora- 
tory table, and a bookcase were made and installed. 

Eleven cases were made and installed in Hall B, for the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology. 

Three boilers were retubed and other boiler repairs were made. 
New buckets were installed on the coal conveyor. The coal lorry 


was electrified. All valves and pumps were overhauled. The sump 
pump motor was rewound. Lifting and governor cables were 
replaced on the elevators. 

Under contract, a total of 14,233,368 pounds of steam was fur- 
nished to the Shedd Aquarium, and 13,647,518 pounds to the Chicago 
Park District. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, by-laws, and lists of Members. 

Orr GOODSON, Acting Director 


FOR YEARS 1942 AND 1943 

1943 1942 

Total attendance 1,021,289 1,025,002 

Paid attendance 77,980 79,144 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 17,339 23,906 

School children 46,844 47,760 

Teachers 1,222 1,787 

Members , 1,906 697 

Service men and women 15,676 5,484 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 104,735 (52) 135,154 

Saturdays (51) 200,298 (52) 226,455 

Sundays (52) 555,289 (52) 504,615 

Highest attendance on any day (May 

16) 26,102 (June 14) 44,663 

Lowest attendance on any day (Janu- 
ary 19) 117 (January 7) 84 

Highest paid attendance (September 6) 2,313 (September 7) 3,320 

Average daily admissions (363 days) . . 2,813 (363 days) 2,824 

Average paid admissions (208 days) ... 375 (207 days) 382 

Number of guides sold 12,036 12,471 

Number of articles checked 26,046 24,426 

Number of picture post cards sold .... 83,909 87,409 

Sales of publications, leaflets, hand- 
books, portfolios, and photographs $ 5,902.81 $ 4,901.58 


FOR YEARS 1942 AND 1943 

Income 1943 

Endowment Funds $192,732.11 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ment 18,509.58 

Life Membership Fund 9,364.35 

Associate Membership Fund. . . 11,154.40 

Chicago Park District 121,642.39 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 12,885.00 

Admissions 19,495.00 

Sundry receipts 26,766.43 

Contributions, general purposes 740.76 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 21,047.25 

Special Funds — part expended 
for purposes designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 14,928.74 
















Collections $ 16,904.18 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections. . . 49,644.84 


Furniture, fixtures, etc 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 5,302.83 

Pensions and Group Insurance . 49,048.03 

Departmental expenses 32,956.70 

General operating expenses. . . . 291,077.18 
Building repairs and alterations 26,187.98 
Annuity on contingent gift .... 25,000.00 
Reserve for building repairs and 
mechanical plant deprecia- 
tion 40,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies aris- 
ing from the war 10,000.00 

$ 10,753.14 




Deficit . . . 
Contribution by Mr. Marshall Field 

Balance . . 


. $ 96,855.73 


. $ 363.02 




$ 2,167.66 



Income from endowment $ 17,128.90 

Operating expenses 16,227.03 

Balance $ 901.87 



$ 16,795.92 

$ 156.42 



Contributions and bequests to the Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or collections. 
They may, if desired, take the form of a memorial to a person or 
cause, to be named by the giver. 

Contributions made to the Museum are allowable as deductions 
in computing net income for federal income tax purposes, subject 
only to the limitation that the total deduction for charitable gifts 
may not exceed in any year 15 per cent of the contributor's net 

Contributions and bequests in any amount to the Chicago 
Natural History Museum are exempt from federal gift and estate 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her lifetime. 

For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum the fol- 
lowing form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to the Chicago Natural History 
Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 




American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 48 prehistoric 
stone implements and 12 prehistoric 
potsherds — Yangtze River, China (gift) ; 
94 sherds — Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Can- 
yon, New Mexico (gift). 

Bouwknegt, H. E., Grandville, 
Michigan: 45 silver ornaments made 
for Indian trade — Round Island, Michi- 
gan (exchange). 

Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R., U.S.N. R., 
Chicago: about 2,000 prehistoric Aleut 
artifacts of bone, ivory, and stone — 
Amaknak Island, Aleutian Islands, 
Alaska (gift). 

Collier, Donald, Chicago: 200 
sherds from 10 archaeological sites — 
provinces of Ancash and Huanuco, 
Peru; 10 textile fragments — Casma 
Valley, Ancash, Peru (gift). 

Comee, Lowell (deceased): ethno- 
logical material — Alaska and North- 
west Coast (gift). 

Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan: 2 bone 
brushes, a picket roll of painted skin, 
a 2-fingered bowman's glove, and a 
decorated bone bag fastener — Labrador 
Peninsula (exchange). 

Eckenrode, Mrs. Retta, Chicago: a 
bannerstone — Woodland pattern, region 
unknown (gift). 

Harmon, Mrs. John H., Highland 
Park, Illinois: a Chaco jar — New 
Mexico (gift). 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold (deceased): 
about 4,000 rubbings on paper of 
Chinese monuments (gift). 

Millard, Mrs. Malcolm S., Deer- 
field, Illinois: a basket — Alaska (gift). 

Renwick, Mrs. Edward A., Evans- 
ton, Illinois: beaded bag, belts, garters 
and other ethnological objects — north- 
eastern Wisconsin (gift). 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis (deceased): 
77 pottery and stone objects — Panama, 
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Colombia 

United States Marine Corps: 
55 photographs — South Pacific islands 

University of Kentucky, Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky: 175 prehistoric speci- 
mens — Ohio County, Kentucky (ex- 

University Museums, University 
of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 
10 ethnological specimens — Aleutian 
Islands, Alaska (exchange). 


Aguilar G., Jose Ignacio, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 225 specimens 
of Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 580 specimens of Fiji 
plants (exchange). 

Ball, Dr. Carleton R., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 12 plant specimens (gift). 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Austin, 
Texas: 258 specimens of Texas algae 

Bazuin, C. W., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 236 specimens of Michigan 
plants (gift). 

Benedict, Rev. Brother A., Santa 
Fe, New Mexico: 1 plant specimen 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 57 
specimens of Illinois and Indiana plants 

Board of Economic Warfare, Cin- 
chona Mission, Bogota, Colombia: 8 
specimens of Colombian plants (gift). 

Bondar, Dr. Gregorio, Bahia, 
Brazil: 1 economic specimen (gift). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 83 specimens of Florida algae 



Brazilian Consulate, Chicago: 88 
economic specimens (gift and ex- 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 16 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

California Seed Laboratory, De- 
partment of Agriculture, Sacramento, 
California: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Caylor, Dr. R. L., Cleveland, 
Mississippi: 64 specimens of Mississippi 
algae (gift). 

Chatterton, George W., Winter 
Haven, Florida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Francis Drouet and 
Harold B. Louderback: 150 crypto- 
gamic specimens — Indiana and Illinois. 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams 
(Field Museum-Venezuelan Govern- 
ment Expedition, 1942): 6,500 speci- 
mens of Venezuelan plants (1,100 woods 
and 3,300 duplicates), 19 economic 

Purchases: 396 plant specimens- 
Brazil; 650 plant specimens — South 

Churchill, Walter F., Harvey, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Clemens, Mrs. Mary S., Brisbane, 
Australia: 1 specimen of rust (gift). 

Copulos, Milton, Chicago: 6 speci- 
mens of marine algae (gift). 

Cornell University, Department 
of Botany, Ithaca, New York: 241 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Cornman, Mrs. M. Alice, Punta 
Gorda, Florida: 75 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Cory, V. L., Sonora, Texas; 6 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 191 specimens of Indiana 
algae (gift). 

Damann, K., Evanston, Illinois: 8 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Dawson, Lieut. E. Yale, La Jolla, 
California: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Dawson, Miss Genevieve, La Plata, 
Argentina: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Degener, Otto, New York: 991 
plant specimens from Hawaii and 
United States (gift). 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 49 specimens of Arkansas 
plants, 141 specimens of algae (gift). 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, and Miss 
Marjorie Thomason, Monticello, Ar- 
kansas: 41 specimens of Arkansas algae 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 700 
cryptogamic specimens — Minnesota 
and Wisconsin (gift). 

Dugand, Dr. Armando, Bogota, 
Colombia: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

DuPont de Nemours and Company, 
E. I., Wilmington, Delaware: 6 eco- 
nomic specimens (gift). 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 6 speci- 
mens of fungi (gift). 

Eastwood, Miss Alice, San Fran- 
cisco, California: 1 plant specimen 

Eddy, Dr. Samuel, Minneapolis, 
Minnesota: 65 specimens of plankton 
algae (gift). 

Escuela Superior de Agricultura 
Tropical, Cali, El Valle, Colombia: 75 
specimens of Colombian plants (ex- 
change) . 

Esselmont, William H., Chicago: 
2 plant specimens (gift). 

Farlow Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 822 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Fester, Dr. Gustavo A., Santa Fe, 
Argentina: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 20 specimens of plants from 
Tobago and Trinidad (gift). 

Flanagan, Ted, Warren, Pennsyl- 
vania: 109 specimens of Pennsylvania 
algae (gift). 

Florists' Publishing Company, 
Chicago: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Chicago: 
135 plant specimens (gift). 

Fulton, William H., Irons, Michi- 
gan: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Game, Fish and Oyster Commis- 
sion, Hebbronville, Texas: 80 speci- 
mens of Texas plants (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 600 plant specimens (ex- 

Groesbeck, Dr. M. J., Porterville, 
California: 85 plant specimens (gift). 

Hancock Foundation, Allen, Uni- 
versity of Southern California, Los 
Angeles, California: 142 specimens of 
marine algae (exchange). 



Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 11 
plant specimens, 2 economic specimens 

Hermann, Dr. F. J., Beltsville, 
Maryland: 47 plant specimens (ex- 

Institut Botanique, Universite 
de Montreal, Montreal, Canada: 42 
specimens of mosses (exchange). 

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 
Bogota, Colombia: 1 plant specimen 
(gift); 2 plant specimens (exchange). 

Instituto del Museo, Universidad 
Nacional de La Plata (Department 
of Botany), La Plata, Argentina: 100 
photographic prints of type specimens 
of plants (gift). 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 598 specimens of algae 
(gift); 283 specimens of algae (ex- 

King, Lawrence J., Coshocton, 
Ohio: 292 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Krukofp, Boris A., New York: 9 
plant specimens (gift) ; 132 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Lackey, Dr. James B., Cincinnati, 
Ohio: 71 specimens of Wisconsin algae 

Latham, Dr. V. A., Chicago: 4 speci- 
mens of algae (gift). 

Latin American Forest Resources 
Project, San Jose, Costa Rica: 45 
specimens of Costa Rican plants (gift). 

Lewis, Mrs. B. E., Guatemala City, 
Guatemala: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Lindsay, Walter R., Summit, Canal 
Zone: 1 fruit specimen (gift). 


Illinois: 136 specimens of Illinois 
cryptogams (gift). 

Luttrell, Dr. E. S., Experiment, 
Georgia: 10 specimens of lichens (gift). 

Macbride, J. Francis, San Jose, 
California: 200 specimens of California 
algae (gift). 

Maldonado, Prof. Angel, Lima, 
Peru: 115 specimens of Peruvian algae 

Martinez, Prof. Maximino, Mexico 
City, Mexico: 19 specimens of Mexican 
plants, 1 economic specimen (gift). 

Matuda, Eizi, Escuintla, Mexico: 45 
specimens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Miranda, Professor F., Chapulte- 
pec, Mexico: 10 plant specimens (gift). 

Moldenke, Dr. Harold N., War- 
ren, Pennsylvania: 1 plant specimen, 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Morgan, A. C, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 353 cryptogamic specimens 

Nielsen, Jens E., Chicago: 60 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Pacheco H., Mariano, Guatemala 
City, Guatemala: 2 plant specimens 

Peggs, A. Deans, Nassau, Bahama 
Islands: 5 specimens of algae (gift). 

Philson, Dr. Paul J., Columbia, 
South Carolina: 48 specimens of South 
Carolina algae (gift). 

Phinney, Harry K., Evanston, 
Illinois: 241 cryptogamic specimens 

Prescott, Dr. Gerald W-, Albion, 
Michigan: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Rabinovich, Senorita Delia, Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: 11 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Richards, Donald, Chicago: 925 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Santos, Jose Vera, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 7 specimens of Asiatic 
grasses (gift). 

Schallert, Lieut. Paul O., Flag- 
staff, Arizona: 4 specimens of algae 
(gift); 619 plant specimens (exchange). 

Schugman, Mrs. Effie, Chicago: 5 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Secretaria de Agricultura, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 8 economic 
specimens (gift). 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 14 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Sharp, Dr. Aaron J., Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 16 specimens of algae (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 125 
plant specimens, 97 negatives (gift). 

Smith, C. Piper, Saratoga, Cali- 
fornia: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Smith, Dr. Gilbert M., Stanford 
University, California: 45 specimens of 
marine algae (exchange). 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen, 1 fungus specimen, 1 
economic specimen (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, and Richard 
A. Doubleday, Chicago: 110 speci- 
mens of Illinois plants (gift). 



Steyermark, Mrs. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 91 specimens of 
Louisiana plants (gift). 

Stifler, Mrs. James M., Wilmette, 
Illinois: 7 specimens of algae (gift). 

Story, Miss H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 
57 specimens of Ohio plants, 23 speci- 
mens of mosses and lichens (gift). 

Strickland, J. C, Charlottesville, 
Virginia: 182 specimens of Virginia 
algae (exchange). 

Sutliffe, Mrs. E. C, San Francisco, 
California: 45 specimens of California 
hepaticae (exchange). 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 12 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Torres R., Professor Ruben, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 2 specimens of algae 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, Beltsville, Maryland: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Forest Service, Wash- 
ington, D.C.: 209 specimens of plants, 
2 photographs (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 324 plant specimens 

University of California, Col- 
lege of Agriculture, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 78 specimens of grasses (ex- 

University of Illinois, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Urbana, Illinois: 246 
specimens of Illinois plants (exchange). 

University of Michigan, Univer- 
sity Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 64 plant specimens, 100 specimens 
of fungi (exchange). 

University of Minnesota, De- 
partment of Botany, Minneapolis, 
Minnesota: 21 plant specimens (ex- 

University of New Hampshire, 
Durham, New Hampshire: 100 speci- 
mens of grasses (exchange). 

University of Tennessee, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Knoxville, Tennes- 
see: 241 specimens of mosses (exchange). 

University of Texas, Department 
of Botany, Austin, Texas: 2,226 speci- 
mens of Texas plants, 158 specimens of 
algae (exchange). 

University of Washington, De- 
partment of Botany, Seattle, Wash- 
ington: 341 plant specimens (exchange). 

Welch, Dr. Winona H., Green- 
castle, Indiana: 22 specimens -of bryo- 
phytes (exchange). 

Westcott, Russell C, Los Angeles, 
California: 10 plant specimens (gift). 

Wheldon, Dr. Roy M., Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 3 specimens of algae 

Williams, Mrs. A. R., Riverside, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Wolf, Carl B., Anaheim, California: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Woods, Ensign Loren P., Chicago: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 2 
plant specimens (gift). 

Zetek, James, Balboa, Canal Zone: 
40 specimens of Panama plants (gift). 


Albanese, John S., Newark, New 
Jersey: a specimen of igneous rock with 
garnet — Banika Island, Solomon Is- 
lands (gift). 

Anonymous, Chicago: 20 specimens 
of gems and minerals (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Hot Springs, Arkan- 
sas: 2 specimens of pycnodont fish — 
Marlbrook Marl, Arkansas (purchase). 

Bensabott, R., Chicago: a sardonyx 
ring (gift). 

Blakeslee, Kent, Oak Park, Illinois : 
a specimen of Orthoceras — Oak Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

Brazilian Consulate, Chicago: a 
specimen of monasite sand; 5 specimens 
of bauxite — Brazil (gift). 

Burcky, Dr. Frederick W., Evans- 
ton, Illinois: 4 specimens of minerals- 
various localities (gift). 

Carson, George J., Akron, Ohio: a 
specimen of agate — California; 2 speci- 
mens of stromatopera — Ohio (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Elmer S. Riggs (Field 
Museum Paleontological Expedition to 
Argentina and Bolivia, 1922 and 1924): 



miscellaneous specimens of Astrapo- 
therium and Parastrapotherium — Pata- 

Collected by Dr. Paul O. McGrew 
(Field Museum Paleontological Expedi- 
tion to Honduras, 1941 and 1942): a 
specimen of antimony ore — Honduras. 

Purchases: 27 specimens of inverte- 
brate fossils, fossil plants and fossil in- 
sects — Illinois and Colorado. 

Corlew, William L., Evanston, 
Illinois: fossil minnow (Cyprinidae)— 
Wyoming (gift). 

Cornwell, Willett H., Chicago: 3 
specimens of minerals — North Carolina 

Davidson, Mrs. Mary E., Chicago: 
4 necklaces (gift). 

Eckett, A. S., Chicago: 2 specimens 
of fossil coral — Skaneateles Lake, New 
York (gift). 

Galbreath, Edwin C, Ashmore, 
Illinois: 1 fossil crane bone — Ashmore, 
Illinois (gift). 

Holland, J. R., Chicago: 1 fossil 
coral — Peres, Quebec (gift). 

Jennings, John W., Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas: 1 specimen crinoidal lime- 
stone — Eureka Springs, Arkansas (gift). 

Johnson, William F., Downers 
Grove, Illinois: a fossil horseshoe crab — 
near Wilmington, Illinois (gift). 

Kraft, James L., Chicago: 4 speci- 
mens of nephrite jade — near Lander, 
Wyoming (gift). 

Kurtz, S. A., Lorain, Ohio: 5 calcite 
crystals — Bellevue, Ohio (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Villa Park, Illinois: 
2 specimens of fibrous gypsum — Sher- 
rard, Illinois (gift). 

Look, Alfred A., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: molar teeth of Phenacodus— 
De Beque, Colorado (gift). 

McManus, Alfred S., Chicago: 4 
specimens of iron ore and 3 specimens 
of gold ore — Ontario, Canada (gift). 

Meade, Grayson, Texas Techno- 
logical College, Lubbock, Texas: 14 
specimens of vertebrate fossils — various 
localities (exchange). 

Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio: 1 specimen of Ector County 
meteorite — Odessa, Texas (exchange). 

Princeton University, Princeton, 
New Jersey: 3 jaws of Paramys — Lost 
Cabin, Wyoming (exchange). 

Roy, Captain Sharat K., New 
York: 43 specimens of invertebrate 
fossils — Pembina, North Dakota (gift). 

Ruegg, G., La Junta, Colorado: 3 
polished specimens of red dinosaur 
bone — Colorado (gift). 

Schad, Miriam I., Bellefonte, Penn- 
sylvania: 1 specimen of clay — near 
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (gift). 

Short, Charles R., Cleremont, 
Florida: 3 specimens of diatomite — 
Cleremont, Florida (gift). 

Telling, Elisabeth, Guilford, Con- 
necticut: ring set with three zircons — 
Bangkok, Siam (gift). 

Ullman, Sam B., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men aplite dike in sandstone (gift). 


Aarons, Ted, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia: 18 mosquitoes — various localities 


Albrecht, C. J., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 176 insects — Will County, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: a box turtle— 
Sonora, Mexico (exchange). 

Atkinson, Edward W., Evanston, 
Illinois: a pair of pheasant femurs — 
Minnesota (gift). 

Barnes, R. M., Lacon, Illinois: 2 

California condor eggs — California; 

2 beetles — Illinois; 5 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Bauer, Margaret, Chicago: 4 pha- 
langids — Lisle, Illinois; 23 mollusks — 
Madison, Wisconsin (gift). 

Bebb, Herbert, Chicago: a cricket 
— Cook County, Illinois (gift). 

Beecher, Pfc. William J., South 
Pacific: 2 mammals, 43 amphibians, 33 
reptiles, 34 fishes, 2 insects, 63 crus- 
taceans, 32 shells — South Pacific (gift). 

Benesh, Bernard, Chicago: 44 
beetles — various localities (gift). 

Bequaert, J. C, Boston, Massachu- 
setts: 4 wasps — various localities (gift). 

Bragg, Arthur N., Norman, Okla- 
homa: a series of tadpoles — Oklahoma 



Brazilian Consulate, Chicago: 58 
shells — Brazil (exchange). 

Burt, Charles E., Winfield, Kansas: 
23 amphibians, 1 reptile— California 

Burton, Robert A., Evanston, 
Illinois: 6 reptiles, 1 amphibian— Iowa 

Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R., U.S.N. R., 
Chicago: 85 shells— Aleutian Islands 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 1 bug— 
Temescaltepec, Mexico (exchange). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Francis Drouet: 33 
shells — Minnesota. 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas: 130 
insects and their allies, on birds 
received from zoo. 

Collected by Dorothy Foss: an in- 
complete turkey skeleton. 

Collected by Paul 0. McGrew (Field 
Museum Paleontological Expedition 
to Honduras): 3 fish, 8 shells— Hon- 

Collected by Emil Sella: 105 marine 
shells — Maine. 

Collected by Julian Steyermark 
(Field Museum Guatemala Botanical 
Expedition, 1941-42): 9 fish— Guate- 

Purchases: 2 foxes — Illinois; 30 
small mammals — Oregon and Washing- 
ton; 2 bird skins — Iceland; 11 owls, 11 
hawks — Colombia; 33 miscellaneous 
birds — South America; 11 green snakes 
—South Dakota; 150,000 beetles- 
various localities; 20 marine shells- 
Florida; 119 land snails — Hawaiian 
Islands; 1 polished shell — locality un- 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 44 mammals, 71 
birds, 10 reptiles — various localities 

Coe, Wesley R., La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia: 12 sea mussels — La Jolla, 
California (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 1 
hooded merganser — Du Page County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Davis, Cpl. D. Dwight, Naperville, 
Illinois: 35 phalangids, 5 lizards — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Department of Bacteriology and 
Parasitology, University of Chi- 
cago, Chicago: a horned toad — Mexico 

Dodd, Fred. O., Chicago: 4 beetles- 
Arlington Heights, Illinois (gift). 

Dubois, Ernest P., Urbana, Illi- 
nois: 1,060 beetles — various localities 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 1,055 
insects and their allies — various locali- 
ties; 246 shells and crustaceans — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Eigsti, W. E., Chicago Heights, 
Illinois: 15 bird lice — Chicago (gift). 

Ellis, Pvt. R. C, Little Rock, Ar- 
kansas: 2 lizards, 2 snakes — Arkansas 

Fanning, Joe, Tucson, Arizona: 7 
mammals — Tucson, Arizona (gift). 

Florida State Museum, Gaines- 
ville, Florida: a sand hill crane — 
Florida (exchange). 

Foss, Dorothy, Chicago: a spider- 
Chicago (gift). 

Franzen, A., Chicago: 28 insects 
and their allies — various localities (gift). 

Freeman, H. A., White Deer, Texas: 
2 butterflies — Dallas County, Texas 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: a lake 
sculpin — Chicago (gift). 

Gitlin, David, New York: a series 
of frog embryos — Puerto Rico (gift). 

Goodnight, Dr. and Mrs. C. J., 
Champaign, Illinois: 16 phalangids — 
various localities (gift). 

Gregg, Col. C. C, Camp Hood, 
Texas: 10 insects and their allies- 
Temple, Texas (gift). 

Grey, Marion, Evanston, Illinois: 
56 sea shells — Maryland (gift). 

Haas, Pvt. Ernest B., North Camp 
Hood, Texas: 77 land shells — Texas 

Haas, Fritz, Chicago: 124 fresh- 
water shells — Chicago; 1,200 marine 
shells — west coast of United States and 
Mexico (gift). 

Hanson, Harold C, Prairie du Sac, 
Wisconsin: 6 mice — Wisconsin (gift). 

Harris Extension, Chicago Natural 
History Museum: a cross pheasant — 
Wayne, Illinois (gift). 

Hasler, Arthur D., Madison, Wis- 
consin: 7 fresh-water shells — Wisconsin 



Hatt, Robert T., Bloomfield Hills, 
Michigan: 93 land shells — Island of 
Oahu, H. I. (exchange). 

Hawkins, G. C, Chicago: a horned 
owl — Beardstown, Illinois (gift). 

Herz, Arthur, Chicago: 27 insects- 
various localities (gift). 

Hoff, C. Clayton, Quincy, Illinois: 
27 slides of ostracods — various localities 

Hoogstraal, Lieut. H., Fort Mc- 
Pherson, Georgia: 6 bats, 21 reptiles, 16 
amphibians — various localities (gift). 

Johnson, Gordon, Hinsdale, Illinois: 
a rattlesnake — Porter County, Indiana 

Johnson, J. E., Waco, Texas: 86 
reptiles, 8 amphibians — Texas (gift). 

Knull, Josef N., Columbus, Ohio: 
14 beetles — various localities (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 1 
mammal, 4 reptiles — various localities 

Loveridge, A., Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts: 2 snakes — Africa and Yucatan 

Lunardi, Federico, Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: 3 bats — Copan, Honduras 

Lustig, Mrs. Edward F., Elkhart, 
Indiana: 2,789 moths and butterflies — 
United States (gift). 

Lyman, Frank, and Family, Lan- 
tana, Florida: 2 marine shells — Florida 

Malkin, Borys, Tampa, Florida: 61 
insects and their allies — Florida (gift). 

Marchand, Lieut. L. J., Camp 
Rucker, Alabama: 11 reptiles, 10 am- 
phibians — Alabama (gift). 

Marshall, George, La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia: 9 marine shells — La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

McElvare, Rowland R., Long 
Island, New York: 6 moths — various 
localities (gift). 

McEuen, Mrs. W. R., Chicago: 1 
Kodiak bear skull — Alaska (gift). 

McGrew, Paul O., Chicago: 105 
fresh-water snails — Nebraska (gift). 

Miller, Vergil, Naperville, Illinois: 

6 snakes — Du Page County, Illinois 

Moojen, J., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 

7 rodents — South America (exchange). 
Moyer, John, Chicago: 8 insects- 
Chicago (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1 beetle — 
Brazil (exchange). 

Neville, Russell T., Kewanee, 
Illinois: 4 flies — Missouri (gift). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
72 mammals — various localities (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago: 124 
insects and their allies, 23 fresh-water 
mussels, 12 land shells — Adams County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Quait, Merle A., Washington, D.C., 
6 amphibians, 40 insects and their 
allies — various localities (gift). 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 74 insects 
and their allies, 22 fresh-water crus- 
taceans — various localities (gift). 

Reshkus, Betty, Tarpon Springs, 
Florida: 3 octopuses — Tarpon Springs, 
Florida (gift). 

Russo, Robert R., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 47 beetles — New Mexico (gift). 

Sanborn, Lieut. C. C, U.S.N.R., 
Highland Park, Illinois: 1 squirrel- 
Peru (gift). 

Sanders, James M., Chicago: 25 
domestic cat hearts, 2 lumbar regions 
of domestic cats (gift). 

Seevers, Charles H., Chicago: 
253 insects and their allies — various 
localities (gift). 

Smith, C. S., San Marcos, Texas: 1 
snake, 4 millipeds, 2 crustaceans- 
various localities (gift). 

Smith, Mrs. Hermon Dunlap, Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 10 snakes — Ontario, 
Canada (gift). 

Smith, Wesley, Forest Park, Illi- 
nois: a snake — Cook County, Illinois 


Stanford University Museum, 
Stanford University, California: 8 
pipefishes — California (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 10 stoneflies — Bar- 
rington, Illinois (gift). 

Story, Belvia Fay, Coal Run, 
Ohio: 5 insects and their allies, 42 
isopods — Coal Run, Ohio (gift). 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 101 
insects and their allies, 16 snails and 
isopods — Coal Run, Ohio (gift). 

Story, Theora, Marietta, Ohio: 3 
series of frog and salamander larvae — 
Washington County, Ohio (gift). 



Trapido, Lieut. Harold, Camp 
Davis, North Carolina: 26 amphibians, 
3 lizards — Washington (gift). 

Traub, Lieut. Robert, Louisiana: 8 
fleas — various localities (gift). 

Wardwell, H. F., Chicago: 6 snout 
beetles — New Hampshire (gift). 

Washburne, Gratiot, Wyoming: 1 
snake — Fremont County, Wyoming 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, New 
York: 500 land and fresh-water shells- 
various localities (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Princeton, New 
Jersey: 32 fishes, 4 crabs, 1 land snail — 
various localities (gift). 

Wenzel, Lieut. Rupert L., Oak 
Park, Illinois: 182 insects and their 
allies — Maryland (gift). 

Wiesel, G. H., Chicago: 1 beetle — 
Chicago, Illinois (gift). 

Woodcock, H. E., Chicago: 1 butter- 
fly — Santa Rita, New Mexico (gift). 

Woods, Ensign Loren P., Naper- 
ville, Illinois: 2 snakes — Illinois (gift). 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 11 insects 
and their allies — various localities (gift). 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by Division of Photography: 
52 slides. 
de Espie, Mme Felipe, Argentine 

Embassy, Washington, D.C.; 33 slides 


Purchases: 62 colored slide reduc- 
tions; 220 feet 16 mm. color film. 


Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Made by Division of Photography: 
13,370 prints, 1,486 negatives, 357 

enlargements, 308 lantern slides, 69 
transparent labels, 62 color films. 

Walters, Leon L., Chicago: A view 
of the Museum taxidermy workshop. 

List of Donors of Books 


American Merchant Marine Confer- 
ence, New York. 

Anti-Cruelty Society, Chicago. 

Chicago Department of Subways and 
Superhighways, Chicago. 

Colegio Nacional Vicente Rocafuerte, 
Guayaquil, Ecuador. 

Commercial Club of Chicago: Com- 
mittee on Museum of Science and 
Industry, Chicago. 

Commission to Study Organization of 
Peace, New York. 

Consulate of the Dominican Republic, 

Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, 
Washington, D.C. 

Council on Intercultural Relations, 
New York. 

General Biological Supply House, Chi- 

Iowa Conservationist, West Union, 

Mariners' Museum, Newport News, 

Museo Arqueologico Provincial, San- 
tiago del Estero, Argentina. 

National Indian Institute, U. S. De- 
partment of Interior, Washington, 

National Park Service, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Interior, Washington, D.C. 

San Diego Society of Natural History, 
San Diego, California. 

Soviet Russia Today, New York. 

Texas Game, Fish and Oyster Commis- 
sion, Austin, Texas. 

U. S. Office of Community War Ser- 
vices, Washington, D.C. 

Viking Fund, New York. 

Willing's Press Service, London, Eng- 




Adam, Dr., Melbourne, Australia. 

Ball, Carleton R., U. S. Department of 
Agriculture Extension Service, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Barattini, Luis P., Montevideo, Uru- 

Barrera Vasquez, Alfredo, Tacubaya, 
Yucatan, Mexico. 

Benesh, Bernard, North Chicago, Illi- 

Bingham, Millicent Todd, New York. 

Blair, W. Frank, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Brimley, H. H., Raleigh, North Caro- 

Brodkorp, Pierce, Ann Arbor, Michi- 
Bunny, Abdul, Mosul, Iraq. 
Bush, Mrs. William H., Chicago. 

Cain, Stanley A., Knoxville, Tennessee. 
Capaul, Vivian E., Chicago. 
Cawston, F. Gordon, Durban, Natal, 
Union of South Africa. 

Clokey, Ira W., South Pasadena, 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 

Cory, Charles Barney, Homewood, 

Cross, Roy, Kansas City, Missouri. 

Cuatrecasas, Jose, Cali, Colombia. 

Cummins, Dr. George B., Lafayette, 

Dybas, Henry, Chicago. 

Fattig, P. W., Emory, Georgia. 
Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 
Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Gemmill, Mrs. Eunice, Chicago. 
Gerhard, W. J., Chicago. 
Goodson, Orr, Glencoe, Illinois. 
Goodwin, George G., New York. 
Greenbaum, J. R., Chicago. 

Gregg, Col. Clifford C, Camp Hood, 

Groskin, Horace, Philadelphia, Penn- 

Grove, Bert, Chicago. 

Harte, H. B., Chicago. 
Hatt, Robert T., Bloomfield Hills, 

Heyser, Frank L., Chicago. 

Hoagland, Clayton, New York. 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. G., Geneva, 

Hovanitz, William, Pasadena, Cali- 

Howes, William J., Holyoke, Massa- 

Keitel, Gerald, Chicago. 

Kelso, Leon, Washington, D.C. 

Kerschner, Dr. Howard E., New York. 

King, Ralph T., Syracuse, New York. 

Kuang, Kozen, Kunming, Yunnan, 

Liende Lazarto, Manuel, La Paz, 

Liljeblad, Emil, Villa Park, Illinois. 

Lincoln, Frederick C, Washington, 

Lines, Jorge A., San Jose, Costa Rica. 

Littell, John McGregor, South Orange, 
New Jersey. 

Lunardi, Federico, Tegucigalpa, Hon- 

Lyles, Lee, Chicago. 

Martin, Dr. Paul S., Chicago. 

Marx, David S., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Millar, John R., Chicago. 

Miller, August E., North Bergen, New 

Miller, E. Morton, Coral Gables, 

Miller, Henry, Chicago. 

Moseley, Dr. Edwin L., Bowling Green, 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 
Nichols, Mrs. Henry W., Chicago. 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago. 

Painter, Helen W., Bloomington, In- 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago. 

Pearson, T. Gilbert, New York. 

Pennick, S. W., Chicago. 

Penrose, A. R., Sydney, Australia. 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illinois. 

Pray, Leon L., Chicago. 



Ramirez Cantu, Debora, Mexico City. 
Riggs, Elmer S., Lawrence, Kansas. 
Rivas, Luis Rene, Havana, Cuba. 
Rubin de la Bordolla, Daniel F., Mex- 
ico City. 
Russell, Loris S., Toronto, Canada. 

Sanderson, Ivan T., London, England. 
Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois. 
Schoof, Herbert Frederick, Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Chicago. 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago. 

Smith, Sidney A., Chicago. 

Smith, White S., Sydney, Australia. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Stebbins, Robert C, Los Angeles, 

Steggerda, Dr. Morris, Cold Spring 
Harbor, Long Island, New York. 

Stevens, O. A., Fargo, North Dakota. 
Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago. 

Tamayo, Francisco, Caracas, Vene- 

Tehon, Leo R., Urbana, Illinois. 

Tennent, Mrs. H. C, Honolulu, Ha- 

Voth, Paul D., Chicago. 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, New 

Weed, Alfred C, Princeton, New Jersey. 

Wilbur, Dr. C. Martin, Washington, 

Wiltshire, E. P., Bombay, India. 

Wolcott, Albert B., Downers Grove, 

Wood, Miriam, Chicago. 





William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ) 

!• ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 





Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render important 
service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees at any 
of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all courtesies 
of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy 
all courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the Member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their mem- 
bership as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the 
annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an 
Associate Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of 


change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in 
such capacity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority 
of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. 
Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago , shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum- 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of six members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of the 
absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 
to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, 
the expenditures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 


NOMINATING committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 



Marshall Field* 

Those who have 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley- 
Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 


contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Roosevelt, Theodore 

Deceased, 1943 
Roosevelt, Kermit 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 


Those who have rendered eminent service 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1943 
Roosevelt, Kermit 

to the Museum 

Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 
White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 
Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Humbert, Professor 


Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 



Those ivho have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Chalmers, William J.* 

* Deceased 

Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 


Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward 

Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. * 

Doering, O. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 

* Deceased 


Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Charles K.* 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

McCulloch, Charles A. 

Deceased, 1943 

Roosevelt, Kermit 

Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 

Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 
Richardson, Jr. 

Banks, Alexander F. 

Barnhart, Miss 
Gracia M. F. 

Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 

Barrett, Robert L. 


LIFE MEMBERS {Continued) 

Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles 

Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Collins, William M. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A., 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, John V. 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 

King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Marshall, Benjamin H 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCulloch, Charles A. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Reynolds, Earle H. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 



LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Ryerson, Edward 

L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague. Mrs. Albert A. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 

Ames, James C. 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farwell, Walter 

Lowden, Frank O. 

Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Deceased, 1943 

Mcllvaine, William B. 

Palmer, Potter 
Payson, George S. 

Reynolds, Arthur 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

Shaffer, John C. 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, G. F. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 

Bennett, Mrs. Irene 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

contributed $1 00 to the Museum 

Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Stephens, W. C. 

Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Aishton, Richard H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. Arline 

Alexander, Edward 
Afford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 

Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, George J. 
Ay res, Robert B. 

Babb, W. E. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Mrs. 

Katharine W. 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, James J. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold 0. 
Barnes, James M. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. M. 
Bartelme, John H. 
Barthell, Gary 

Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Bauer, Aleck 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Beck von Peccoz, 

Baroness Martha 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Professor J. 

Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 



Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 

Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. David 

F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. Bradford 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Burlington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 

Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 

Carpenter, Hubbard 



Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges, II 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B . 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cates, Dudley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. 

Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 

Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 

Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Dean W. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. Nathan 

S., Ill 
Dawes, E. L. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl 0. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 



DeVries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Mrs. Edmund 

J., Jr. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James 

H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Mo'ise 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy 

Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 

Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
EtsHokin, Louis 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fai thorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 

Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, George F. 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. A. E. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Fox, Dr. Philip 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 



Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Mrs. John J. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gamble, James A. 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Georgs, Fred W. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 

Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 

Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Miss Mary 

Green, Robert D. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. Charles 

C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 



Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 

Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 

Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Homan, Miss Blossom L 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M 
Hopkins, Mrs. James 

M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice 

L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, George A. 
Hughes, John E. 



Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Hust, George 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Louis G. 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarratt, Mrs. R. J. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin 0. 

Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D . 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kaspar, Otto 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 

Kelly, Edward T. 

Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 

Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 

Kemper, Hathaway G. 

Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 

Kempner, Harry B. 

Kempner, Stan 

Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 

Kendrick, John F. 

Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 

Kennedy, Lesley 

Kennelly, Martin H. 

Kent, Dr. O. B. 

Keogh, Gordon E. 

Kern, H. A. 

Kern, Trude 

Kersey, Glen B. 

Kerwin, Edward M. 

Kesner, Jacob L. 

Kestnbaum, Meyer 

Kettering, Mrs. 
Eugene W. 

Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 

Kile, Miss Jessie J. 

Kimball, William W. 

Kimbark, John R. 

King, Clinton B. 

King, Joseph H. 

Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 

Kinsey, Frank 

Kinsey, Robert S. 

Kintzel, Richard 

Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 

Kittredge, R. J. 

Kitzelman, Otto 

Klein, Henry A. 

Klein, Mrs. Samuel 

Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 

Kleist, Mrs. Harry 

Kleppinger, William H. 

Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 

Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 

Knopf, Andrew J. 

Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 

Knox, Harry S. 

Knutson, George H. 

Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 

Koch, Raymond J. 

Kochs, August 

Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 

Kohler, Eric L. 

Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Komiss, David S. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 



Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krause, John J. 
Kreidler, D. C. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kretschmer, Herman 

L., Jr. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leo A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larson, Mrs. George E. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 

Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Layden, Michael J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 

Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. Albert 

F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 



Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manning, Miss Cordelia 

Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAllister, Sydney G. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 


McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert 

H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal.Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
Mclnerney, John L. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 

Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Fred L. 
Mills, Mrs. William S. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, H. J. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. 

Kendrick E. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 



Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Xadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Xellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Eugene 

Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberf elder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur 0. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
O wings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardee, Harvey 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. J. William 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 

Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mason 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 



Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Pohn, Jacob S. 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfleld, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quigley, William J. 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 

Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, N orris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Riemensehneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, John P. 
Robinson, Theodore 

W., Jr. 

Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogers, Walter A. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 



Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy- 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel 

J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 

Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 

Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 



Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevenson, Dr. 

Alexander F. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Eglantine Daisy- 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stoll, John O. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 

Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Traylor, Mrs. Melvin 

A., Jr. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

Alexander Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 

Tuttle, Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. Flora 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
Volicas, Dr. John N. 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 



Warren, Walter G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 

Adams, Joseph 
Atkinson, Charles T. 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Ball, Sidney Y. 
Bender, Charles J. 
Berger, Dr. John M. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bidwell, Charles W. 
Blake, Tiffany 
Boberg, Niels 

Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 

Deceased, 1943 

Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Burry, Mrs. William 

Carpenter, W. W. S. 

Darlington, Joseph F. 
Davis, Brode B. 
Davis, James 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Drake, Lyman M. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 

Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs.BertramM. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Dunham, John H. 

Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 

Feigenheimer, Hermann 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Freeland, Dr. M. R. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
Furst, Eduard A. 



Greenebaum, James E. 

Hamill, Robert W. 
Hammitt, Miss 

Frances M. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hoover, F. E. 

James, Edward P. 
James, William R. 

Lutter, Henry J. 

Marcus, Maurice S. 
Marquis, A. N. 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Morris, Edward H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 

Oliver, Gene G. 

Payne, Professor James 

Rosenthal, James 

Shaffer, Charles B. 

Stanton, Edgar 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Straus, David 
Sylvester, Miss Ada I. 

Tarrant, Robert 
Titzel, Dr. W. R. 

Vaughan, Leonard H. 

Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
White, James E. 
Williams, Harry Lee 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Colby, Carl 
Lindboe, S. R. 
Meevers, Harvey 

Mitchell, W. A. 
Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 

Deceased, 1943 
Dalzell, Harry G. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Cederlund, R. Stanley Mills, Lloyd Langdon Treadwell, H. A. 

Fay, Eugene C. p age> j^ hn w Wadej Walter A 

Kurtz, W. 0. 

Page, John W. 
Perry, Peter M. 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, A. J. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adams, Dr. Walter A. 
Adler, Sidney 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agger, Jens 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Alcorn, Mrs. William R. 
Alessio, Frank 

Alexander, John F. 
Alexander, William H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allman, George D. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, J. A. 

Andrews, Robert 

Andrus, Royal V. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anschicks, R. J. 
Anzel, Mrs. M. S. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R. 
Appleton, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Arado, A. D. 
Aranoff, Kenneth 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armbruster, F. C. 
Arndt, Albert 



Arnold, Mrs. J. Bertley 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Ashum, John H. 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Auerbach, Dr. Bernard 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Auty, K. A. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baddin, Albert E. 
Badgley, F. I. 
Baer, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Bailey, Abe C. 
Baker, Mrs. Eloise 

Baker, Mrs. Mary E. 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Baldwin, James L. 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Balke, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barkell, C. F. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barranco, William S. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barry, Eugene A. 
Barry, George F. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, Harry A. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Beasley, Dr. Edward W. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 
Behrens, Miss Jessie V. 
Beifus, Morris 
Belden, Mrs. Joseph C. 

Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Bellows, Charles A. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Bent, John P. 
Berg, Sigard E. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Berkey, Andrew D. 
Berman, Irving 
Berman, Joseph L. 
Bernstein, George E. 
Berry, Edward L. 
Beven, J. L. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Biesel, Fred 
Biety, Joseph D. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph Henry 
Billings, P. S. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Birdsall, Lewis I. 
Bishton, W. E. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blake, Robert W. 
Blalock, Miss Josephine 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Block, Milton D. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
Boal, Stewart 
Bogoff, Henry 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolton, W. B. 
Bomberger, Mrs. 

Louden L. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Paul H. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borgerd, Mrs. William F. 
Borin, Charles 
Borland, C. A. 

Borngraber, William C. 
Borough, Mrs. Edith L. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, John H. 
Bost, W. Dale 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Dr. Curtis B. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Miss Anne A. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Mrs. Henry W. 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Braden, Zedrick T. 
Bradley, Mrs. 

Benjamin W. 
Brand, Gustave A. 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Bransley, Arthur A. 
Brant, Rev. Gordon E. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braun, G. A. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, Edwin T. 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Everett Robert 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brine, John H. 
Brody, Mrs. Sidney 
Bronsky, Edward M. 
Bronwell, Richard 
Brook, P. D. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Bruce, Harley N. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Bryant, T. W. 
Buchanan, Mrs. Perry B. 
Buik, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burke, L. J. 
Burkhardt, Mrs. 

Ralph E. 
Burman, Henry L. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 



Burns, Patrick C. 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Busch, Albert 
Buseh, Francis X. 
Butz, Mrs. Frank L. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlson, Mrs. Annetta C. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carpenter, Robert 
Carroll, John H., Jr. 
Carstens, Edward E., Jr. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Mrs. Raymond I. 
Castens, Milton S. 
Caswell, P. A. 
Cavenaugh, Robert A. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chase, Carroll G. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Chramer, Fredrik A. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Ciccone, Tony 
Citron, William 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, E. L. 
Clark, N. R. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Mrs. Robert K. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus J. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clayborne, N. F. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Mrs. J. S. 
Clinton, Stanford 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clow, Kent S. 

Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Hyman B. 
Coen, T. M. 
Cogswell, Harry J. 
Cohee, Rolland F., Jr. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohen, Reuben W. 
Cohn, Morris Irving 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, Leopold E. 
Cole, M. M. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Coleman, Harold 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collett, C. T. 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D. 
Condon, Mrs. Jessie B. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conover, Hubert S. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Corper, Erwin 
Cotsworth, Mrs. 

Albert, Jr. 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Crawford, William F. 
Crenshaw, Dr. Langston 
Crites, Joe 
Cronkhite, A. C. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Cruttenden, Walter W. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Secor 
Curtis, D. C. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Czerwiec, Joseph H. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dale, Thomas C. 

Dallwig, P. G. 
Dancer, Howard Mix 
Daniel, Norman 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Danne, William C. 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Gerard B. 
Darrow, William Dwight 
Dart, Miss Helen M. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, A. D. 
Davis, Mrs. Abel 
Davis, Arthur G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Mrs. James D. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Dean, Samuel Edward 
Decker, Edward 
Degener, August W. 
DeLonghe, H. F. 
Deniston, Mrs. Albert 

J., Jr. 
Denson, John H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
Derkers, George C. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Dewey, Mrs. Charles S. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dibble, Lawrence D. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dillon, W. C. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dirckx, C. Joseph 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobricky, Stanley 
Don, Reuben 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donaldson, Dan 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Douglas, Mrs. James H. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dover, S. M. 



Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drabanski, Dr. Joseph S. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreffein, Mrs. Henry A. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dressel, William J. 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Meyer 
Drvsdale, Mrs. John 

T., Jr. 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Durbin, Miss N. B. 

Eaton, J. Frank 
Eaton, Norman Bridge 
Eckenroth, William A. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Ed, Carl 

Edell, Mrs. Fred B. 
Edelman, Samuel A. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edmonds, A. W. 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, William S. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph 
Elting, Winston 
Embree, Henry S. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Eulass, E. A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Facchine, Russell 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Falkenburg, Mrs. 

Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 

Fauley, Dr. Gordon B. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Fay, George H. 
Fellinger, Albert C. 
Fenn, John F. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fessenden, Mrs. M. G. 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Findlay, Mrs. 

Walstein C, Jr. 
Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fisher, William E. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzpatrick, James R. 
Flagler, Harold 
Flaks, Francis A. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floto, J. W. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Foell, W. J. 

Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Fraser, Norman D. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, G. A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Erwin 0. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuller, J. E. 
Funke, William H. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Chester A. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Garbers, Christ H. 

Garnett, Joseph B. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gavin, Mrs. Steve 
Gefael, Harry W. 
Geisler, Roy G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gifford, Chester G. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillick, J. T. 
Gingrich, Arnold 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glade, Richard W. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldberg, Mrs. Sol H. 
Goldblatt, Dr. Louis 
Golding, Gustav D. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gollan, Jose Santos, Hijo 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodman. Ralph L. 
Gordon, David 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Martin S. 
Gorman, Rev. William J. 
Gorr, Carl 
Gorski, Martin 
Goss, Dr. Henry 
Gott, Philip P. 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gouch, Mrs. George 
Gould, Jay 

Govett, Miss Margaret 
Graffis, Herbert 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, J. F. 
Green, Michael 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Green, Wendell E. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregory, Dr. John J. 
Grein, Joseph 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groom, Miss Eve 



Grossfeld, Miss Rose 
Grove, C. G. 
Gudeman, Edward 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 
Guzik, Mrs. Manny 

Hagemeyer, Henry F. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hall, Albert T. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harold 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halper, Samuel 
Halperin, Max 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, DeForest A. 
Hamilton, Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, William M. 
Hanawalt, L. Ross 
Hancock, Mrs. Harold A. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hansen, Paul 
Hanson, Dr. Arthur J. 
Harbaugh, Watson D. 
Harbison, Mrs. L. C. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Hardaway, John C. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harper, Robert B. 
Harr, Russell E. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, S. R. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mortimer B. 
Harrison, Mrs. John H. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Hartnett, Bryan 
Hartung, Mrs. E. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 

Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Hasselhorn, Walter C. 
Hatcher, Dr. C. Howard 
Hatowski, Hyman 
Hass, G. C. 
Hattis, Robert E. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Havighurst, Mrs. H. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayakawa, S. I. 
Hayes, Miss Lucy C. 
Hazen, Deane S. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Hazzard, Louis R. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, W. B. 
Healy, John J. 
Heaney, Gordon 
Heavey, John C. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Heffernan, Miss Lily 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helgason, Ami 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henkle, Charles Zane 
Henn, Dr. S. C. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Guy J. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Herthel, E. C. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hertz, Stuart 
Hesse, E. E. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hester, Mrs. Harriet H. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heyden, Robert A. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
High, Mrs. George H. 
Hilburn, Frank 0. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Howard H. 
Himmelhoch, Ralph F. 
Hinchcliff, William 

H., Jr. 
Hintze, Arthur W. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirschberg, Samuel J. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodges, L. C. 
Hodson, Mrs. A. Leslie 

Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hoffmann, Dr. 

Walter H. O. 
Hofman, Charles M. 
Hogan, Charles E. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holland, Robert L. 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Holt, McPherson 
Holter, Charles C. 
Holzheimer, Joseph 
Holzman, Alfred 
Honor, Mrs. Leo L. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Isidore 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Hottinger, William 

H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Hovey, Mrs. Margaret 

Howard, F. C. 
Howard, Frank S. 
Howe, Edward T. 
Howe, Mrs. John M. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howell, Robert N. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huch, Mrs. Ida 
Hudson, William J. 
Huebner, Airs. Alphonse 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huffman, Frank C. 
Hughes, Myron W., Jr. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Hulstein, Neal S. 
Humphrey, Gilbert E. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunding, B. N. 



Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunter, L. B. 
Hunton, Frank 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Neil C. 
Hurrell, R. E. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Huth, Mrs. C. F. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Ibsen, C. L. 

Igoe, Mrs. Michael L. 

Isselhard, Mrs. M. J. 

Jackson, Mrs. Martha F. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobi, Henry J. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
James, Mrs. Roy L. 
Jarratt, Walter J. 
Jarrett, John B. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewett, George F. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Carl I. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Elmo G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, Thomas G. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jonas, Dr. Emil 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Earl J. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Joy, James A. 
Joyce, A. J. 
Juers, Henry A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Benjamin G. 
Kaplan, Frank 
Kaplan, Hyman 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaufer, Saul 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Keating, Arthur 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keenan, Miss 

Maryellen A. 
Keene, William J. 
Keim, Melville 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kennedy, David E. 
Kennedy, Miss Mary A. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenney, G. A. 
Kent, Mrs. Morgan B. 
Kenyon, H. M. 
Kerr, Dr. J. A. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kimball, T. Weller 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Martin 
King, Miles O. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
KixMiller, Mrs. William 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Mrs. Alden J. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Koch, Carl 
Koltz, George C. 
Kort, George 
Korzybska, Countess 

Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kotrba, Frank 
Kraemer, Leo 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 

Kramer, Miss Lillian 
Kramer, Mrs. Ralph 

Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Kreber, Mrs. Nellie 
Kresl, Carl 

Kretzmann, Rev. A. R. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Kroch, Adolph 
Kroehl, Mrs. Howard 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurth, W. H. 

Lachman, Harold 
Laderman, Samuel 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Landon, Robert E. 
Lane, George A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Charles E. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Latimer, William L. 
Latka, Dr. Olga M. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Laud, Sam 

Laury, Dr. Everett M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
LeBeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, Mrs. William 

Leeds, Mrs. William L. 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leith, John A. 
Lentin, J. 

Lescure, Mervin H. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Theodore 
Levine, William 



Levine, William D. 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
Levy, John Michael 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
Licata, James V. 
Liechtenstein, Walter 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindenthal, Mrs. Louis 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Little, Charles G. 
Livingston, A. Kip 
Livingston, Charles C. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lochman, Philip 
Lochner, Miss Kathryn 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Lofquist, Karl E. 
Lome, Philip 
Long, Lewis M. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Lorenze, Arthur A. 
Love, John T. 
Love, Joseph Kirk 
Love, Miss R. B. 
Lovejoy, Philip C. 
Luckman, Charles 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Ludolph, F. E. 
Luning, Mrs. Henry H. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Mrs. William H. 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
MacChesney, Miss 

Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, Walter A. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Manaster, Henry 
Mangan, R. K. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquart, E. C. 
Marrs, Mrs. Etta Fay 
Marvin, W. Ross 
Marx, Samuel A. 

Maseng, Mrs. Sigurd 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matteson, Halsey 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxwell, John 
Maxwell, W. R. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Frederick 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaw, R. C. 
McCloud, Walter S. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCullough, Robert 

McDonough, Mrs. Grace 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKeever, Dr. Gertrude 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKisson, Robert W. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McMahon, Earl J. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMurray, Mrs. 

George N. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Mears, Neal F. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meiners, Frank X. 
Mendelson, Morris 
Merrifield, Carlton R. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Metzenberg, Leopold 
Metzger, M. A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyer, William C. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Micek, Dr. Louis T. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 

Millar, Ronald 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Millard, G. A. 
Miller, Ben 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Miss Charlotte 
Miller, Edgar B. 
Miller, Miss Elsa 

v. Winckelmann 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, J. M. 
Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Dr. Shayle 
Miller, William H. 
Millikan, J. H. 
Mills, Elmer E. 
Mills, Mrs. JamesLeonard 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Moeller, George 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Molan, John S. 
Moldenhauer, Mrs. 

Molineaux, Edward S. 
Moll, Ernest E. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Moon, Mrs. Roscoe 
Mooney, Raymond 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Nelson S. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, Samuel C. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Morgan, Clarence 
Morgan, Mrs. J. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morley, Rev. Walter K. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morrow, Miss Harriet 

Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Moskow, Joseph M. 
Moss, Joseph L. 
Mowrer, Mrs. Paul 

Mozeris, Joseph M. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mudd, Joseph B. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 



Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Mueller, Richard 
Muench, C. G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Muller, Allan 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munro, Alex W. 
Murison, George W. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, William M. 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myers, Harold B. 

Nachman, James S. 
Nadelhoffer, Dr. L. E. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nerger, Dr. Vernon D. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Neuberg, Marshall E. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblack, Dr. H. C. 
Nierman, Max 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noest, Mrs. J. I. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Nordstrum, George W. 
Norian, Morris 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Northcross, Dr. James A. 
Norton, G. A. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novick, Daniel 
Noyes, W. H., Jr. 
Nussear, George S. 
Nyquist, Carl 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Edmund 

O'Connell, Harold P. 

O'Connell, J. R. 
O'Connor, James J. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Frank S. 
Olson, Richard I. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Ordway, John R. 
Orner, Sam 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Overholser, C. R. 

Palmer, Potter, III 
Panosh, Roy W. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, George S. 
Parkinson, Mrs. 

George H. 
Parmelee, Dwight S. 
Parrish, Russell L. 
Parrott, George H. 
Pass, Jack 

Patch, A. Huntington 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Patton, Price A. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payne, Mrs. William R. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pelts, Philip W. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Penticoff, M. C. 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Persello, Nino J. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Petty, Mrs. George B. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Mrs. Cassius H. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phillips, Arno H. 
Phillips, John B. 
Phillips, L. A. 
Pick, Joseph Richard 
Pick, Thomas Erskine 
Pile, Howard C. 
Pillinger, Douglass 

Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Piatt, Louis S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pollock, George L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Power, John W. 
Power, Paul W. 
Powers, D. J. 
Powers, Frank M. 
Powers, Mrs. George W. 
Powers, Miss Lillian R. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Prescott, Morton S. 
Preston, Fred A. 
Preston, G. G. 
Preston, Walter J. 
Preus, Mrs. J. A. O. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, John McC. 
Prindle, James H. 
Prizant, Harry George 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Przypyszny, Dr. 
Casimir D. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quarrie, William F. 
Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Rahn, Dr. Esther 
Randall, Frank A. 
Rankin, J. T. 
Rankin, Robert A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Ransom, Robert C. 
Rasmussen, Mrs. George 
Rassweiler, August 
Rawlins, Roderick, Jr. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Regensburg, James 



Reger, Henry P. 
Reich, Mrs. Edmund H. 
Reichert, Mrs. 

Robert M. 
Reid, Frank R. 
Reid, Samuel S. 
Reimers, Dr. Leslie H. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reinhart, Earl F. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Rellihen, Edwin G. 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rennie, Lewis M. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Reyher, Mrs. Charles 
Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Reynolds, Joseph Callow 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riel, George A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinella, Samuel A. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Robbins, Charles Burton 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Robertson, Hayes 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Josephine 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Roman, B. F. 
Romstedt, Otto 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Hugo H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, David F. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. N. H. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rowland, James E. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rudney, J. E. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruh, Mrs. Oscar J. 
Rukin, Max 

Rumbel, Mrs. 

Florence A. 
Rune, Carl 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, CD. 
Ryan, Frank 
Rybar, Miss Pearl A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 
Rynder, Ross D. 

Sachse, William R. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sang, Philip D. 
Saslow, David 
Sasscer, Mrs. 

Lawrence D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Schaaf , Mrs. Clarence W. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Schick, Robert E. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schimmel, Philip W. 
Schlade, Allen R. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, Carl 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schoff , James S. 
Schrage, Walter W. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schupp, Robert W. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 

Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seehausen, Gilbert B. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segal, Victor 
Segil, Harold T. 
Seidenbecker, Mrs. O. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selz, Mrs. Frank E. 
Selz, Mrs. J. Harry 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sensibar, Ezra 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shakman, James G. 
Sharp, John B. 
Shaw, James C. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheridan, Frank P. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherwood, Miss L. M. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shultz, Earle 
Sidney, John A. 
Silbernagel, Mrs. 

George J. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Sindelar, Joseph C. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Siragusa, Mrs. Ross 
Sirotek, Joseph F. 
Slavik, James 
Sloan, William F. 
Slomer, Mrs. Joseph J. 
Smaha, O. O. 
Smart, Wilbur 
Smerz, E. J. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Snoeberger, R. E. 
Snyder, David 
Snyder, Oliver C. 
Snyder, Ray 
Sohn, Harry 
Sollitt, Mrs. George 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Solomon, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Sordahl, Mrs. Louis O. 
Soule, Leo N. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 



Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spicer, Mrs. George A. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spiegel, Sidney M., Jr. 
Spirrison, Dr. Charles G. 
Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Starrett, James W. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Steckl, Miss Cornelia C. 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Mortimer D. 
Steiner, Samuel, Jr. 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stempfel, Theodore 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuber, Raleigh R. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Francis O. 
Stevens, Mrs. R. 

St. John 
Stewart, George R. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Straus, David B. 
Streicher, Abraham M. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strigl, F. C. 

Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Sundblom, Haddon H. 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Suomela, John P. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Symons, John 

Tadrowski, Anton J. 

Taeyaerts, Jan 
Talbot, Mrs. Eugene 

S., Jr. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Teare, W. C. 
Teitelbaum, Irving E. 
Temps, Leupold 
Test, Dr. Frederick C. 
Thirkield, D. D. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thomason, Mrs. S. E. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Ticktin, Mrs. 

Theodore J. 
Tivnen, Dr. Richard J. 
Todd, A. 

Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toren, E. Clifford 
Torgerson, Mrs. 

Roland M. 
Towne, Miss Alice Lucy 
Tracy, S. W. 
Traver, George W. 
Treat, Mrs. Dana R. 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Tremain, Miss 

Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Trude, Daniel P. 
Tschampel, Paul 
Turner, Frederick W. 
Turner, Guy R. 
Turner, James A. 
Turner, Maurice 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 

Ullmann, S. E. 
Urban, Andrew 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 
Utley, George B. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

VanCleef, Felix 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Velde, James A. 
Velvel, Charles 
Veto, William A. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinson, Owen 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vodoz, Frederick W. 

Vogel, James B. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wacker, Fred G. 
Waddington, William H. 
Wagner, Richard 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waitman, J. E. 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, E. Jerry 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walton, Wilbur L. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Ward, William M. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waters, Mrs. Marshall A. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Mrs. 

Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Webb, Lew H. 
Weber, Frank D. 
Weber, H. J. 
Weber, Rudy W. 
Webster, Harry C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weidert, William C. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weiss, Roscoe L. 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welch, R. T. 
Wellin, Elmer G. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Welshon, Mrs. Mary C. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 



White, William J. 
Whitecotton, Dr. George 

Whitelock, John B. 
Whitesel, Mrs. Grace 

Whitney, Ross 
Whitwell, J. E. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilhelm, Frank Edward 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Mrs. 

Rowland L. 
Willkie, E. E. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, W. M. 

Windeler, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Winship, Miss 

Florence S. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Witkowsky, James 
Woldhausen, W T alter L. 
Wolf, Arthur A. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 
Wuichet, West 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Wurth, Mrs. William 
Wynekoop, Dr. Charles 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahler, Walter R. 
Zaiman, Dr. Solomon 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zglenicki, Leon 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Walter 
Zolla, Abner M. 
Zonsius, Lawrence W. 
Zorn, Mrs. LeRoy J. 

Boeger, William F. 
Bond, William A. 
Bornhoeft, John W. 
Burdick, Charles S. 

Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Chapman, Theodore S. 
Clissold, Edward T. 
Craddock, John F. 

Eley, Ning 

Giles, Miss A. H. 
Goodman, Mrs. 
William O. 

Deceased, 1943 

Hagey, J. F. 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hyman, Mrs. David A. 

Jack, Dr. Harry T. 

King, Kenneth R. 

Logan, Mrs. Frank G. 

McGrain, Preston 
Martin, Miss Bess B. 
Murrin, Edward 

Nickerson, J. F. 
Norris, Eben H. 

Phillips, Howard C. 

Roane, W'arren 

Souder, Mrs. Robert 
Spiegel, Modie J. 

Waldorf, Bishop Ernest