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January • 1945 

JYaiitiiiki li i y 1,7 )fy &u/. '• 



(September 13, 1887-July 12, 1944) 

Died in France while serving with the United States Army 
A Trustee of the Museum from 1938 to 1944 




Report of the Director 

to the 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1944 


JANUARY, 1945 


1 NctV. Hisi- 




List of Illustrations 7 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1944 9 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

List of Staff 13 

Report of the Director 17 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 30 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 33 

Department of Anthropology 39 

Department of Botany 48 

Department of Geology 54 

Department of Zoology 58 

Membership 64 

Public Relations 65 

Library 67 

Publications and Printing : . 68 

Photography and Illustration 73 

Maintenance and Construction 75 

Attendance and Door Receipts 78 

Financial Statements 80 

List of Accessions 82 

Articles of Incorporation 94 

Amended By-Laws 96 

List of Members 102 

Benefactors 102 

Honorary Members 102 

Patrons 102 

Corresponding Members 103 

Contributors 103 

Corporate Members 104 

Life Members 104 


List of Members — Continued PAGE 

Non-Resident Life Members 106 

Associate Members 107 

Non-Resident Associate Members 122 

Sustaining Members 122 

Annual Members 122 


List of Illustrations 



Brigadier-General Theodore Roosevelt 3 

The Service Flag of Chicago Natural History Museum 13 

Two Forms of Calcite Crystallization 17 



1. A Model of a Branch of the Cottonwood Tree 19 

2. El Paricutin, the Mexican Volcano 21 

3. Color Changes in the Flounder 26 

4. School Children Listening to a Raymond Foundation'- Lecturer 31 

5. Artist John C. Hanson Painting a Background for an Exhibit of the 

Harris Extension 34 

6. An Aleut Hunter Throwing a Bird Spear 39 

7. "Where the American Indians Came From, When, and Why?" 40 

8. A Hypothetical Harvest Ceremony of the Oneota Indians 43 

9. An Illustration of the "Comic Strip" Technique Now Used in the Museum 44 

10. An Etruscan Cista 46 

11. The Deer Antler Head-Dress of the Hopewell Indians 47 

12. Part of a Flowering and Fruiting Branch of the Quinine Tree 49 

13. A Restoration of a Flowering Branch of an Extinct Cycadeoid 51 

14. Fruits and Vegetables of American Origin 52 

15. Fruits and Vegetables of Old World Origin 53 

16. A Fossil Leaf 55 

17. Hexagonal Crystals 57 

18. An Australian Sea-Horse 58 

19. The Cavendish Dik Dik 59 

20. The Lion Fish '. 62 

21. Typical Egg Clusters of the Spotted Salamander 69 

22. Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert at Work on the Mural Decorations of 

the Hall of Whales 72 

23. Indian Farmers of Northeastern North America 76 

24. Dwarf Antelopes 87 

-1 - 


25. A Wooden Bowl from the Admiralty Islands 91 

26. Division of Labor among the Hopewell Indians 101 

27. A Pictorial Floor Plan 106 

28. The Pitcher Plant 121 

29. Wooden Pillows from New Guinea 123 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1944 




Stanley Field, President 

Albert A. Sprague, First Vice-President 

Silas H. Strawn, Second Vice-President 

Albert B. Dick, Jr., Third Vice-President 

Clifford C. Gregg,* Secretary 

Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

Orr Goodson, Acting Secretary 

Lester Armour* 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 


Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field* 
Marshall Field 

John P. 

Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr.* 
Charles A. McCulloch 
William H. Mitchell 
George A. Richardson* 
Theodore Roosevelt f 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Albert H. Wetten 

Executive. — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Albert B. Dick, Jr., Albert A. Sprague, 
Marshall Field, Silas H. Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance. — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., Howard W. Fenton, John P. Wilson, 
Walter J. Cummings. 

Building.— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Charles A. McCulloch, Leopold E. Block, Boardman 

Auditing. — Albert B. Dick, Jr., Albert H. 
W. McCormick Blair. 


Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, W. McCormick Blair, 
Sewell L. Avery. 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 
t Deceased, 1944. 


Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

* Deceased. 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 


John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 









Former Officers 

Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased. 



SSEZS ' aa/ 

The gold star represents General Roosevelt 


List of Staff 









Clifford C. Gregg* 

Orr Goodson 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

C. Martin Wilbur,* Curator, Chinese Archaeology and 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr,* Curator, North American Ethnology 
and Archaeology 

John Rinaldo,* Associate, Southwestern Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Jr., Curator of Exhibits 

Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

Robert YuLE,f Assistant, Archaeology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark,* Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 

Llewelyn Williams,* Curator, Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate, Wood Technology 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

* On leave in the Nation's Service, 
t Resigned, 1944. 








Henry W. Nichols,! Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson,* Curator, Paleontology 

Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator, Paleontology 

James H. Quinn,* Chief Preparator, Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg,* Research Associate, Paleontology 

Sharat K. Roy,* Curator, Geology 

Bryant Mather,* Assistant Curator, Mineralogy 

Harry E. Changnon, Assistant, Geology 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 
Colin Campbell Sanborn,* Curator, Mammals 
Rudyerd Boulton,* Curator, Birds 

C. E. Hellmayr,§ Associate Curator, Birds 
Emmet R. Blake,* Assistant Curator, Birds 
Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 
Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Melvin A. Traylor, Jr.,* Associate, Birds 
R. Magoon Barnes, Curator, Birds' Eggs 
Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 
Loren P. Woods,* Assistant Curator, Fishes 
Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 
William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 
Rupert L. Wenzel,* Assistant Curator, Insects 
Henry S. Dybas,* Assistant, Insects 
Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 
Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 
Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 
Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis,* Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 
H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 
Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 


Julius Friesser Leon L. Walters 

L. L. Pray W. E. Eigsti 

C. J. Albrecht John W. Moyer* 

Frank C. Wonder 

Frank H. LETL,f Preparator of Accessories 
Nellie Starkson,! Artist-Preparator 
Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 
§ Deceased, 1944. 
t Resigned, 1944. 
J Retired, 1944. 





















Lillian A. Ross 

John R. Millar, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

John Bayalis, Preparator 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
Marie B. Pabst* 
Bert E. Grove! 
Roberta Cramer 

Paul G. Dallwig 

Velma D. Whipple 
Elizabeth Best* 
Loraine Lloyd 
Emma Neve 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 
Eunice Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

Benjamin Bridge, Auditor 
Noble Stephens, Assistant Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Henry F. Ditzel.J Registrar 

Marion G. Gordon, Assistant Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 
t Retired, 1944. 
t Resigned, 1944. 









C. H. Carpenter, Photographer 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 

John Janecek, Illustrator 

Arthur G. Rueckert 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 

W. H. Corning 

James R. Shouba, Assistant 

William E. Lake 

E. S. Abbey 



Calcite is unsurpassed among minerals in the number of its crystal forms and 
the variety of combinations that they assume. The two forms illustrated are 
exhibited in the new installation of the Chalmers Collection of crystals (Hall 34). 



a I r4pott 

m JJuvcfor 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1944: 

Contrary to expectations, it may be said that the war has enlarged 
rather than diminished the importance of the Museum in the life of 
the community. 

That there is a broad and increasing interest in natural history is 
evident from the number of people, particularly adults, who visited 
the institution during 1944. There is little doubt that geographic 
curiosity aroused by the war has been an influence in this trend, but, 
regardless of the reason, the fact that so many people have demon- 
strated new or revived interest is a challenge to the Museum to hold 
this interest and to stimulate it. It is clearly apparent that hundreds 
of thousands of average men and women are seeking knowledge 
regarding the people and places which have been in the news. 
Letters from their relatives and friends serving with the armed 
forces have spurred this quest for authentic information. Parents, 
wives, children, and other intimates of service men wish to know 
more about how the people live where their men are stationed, and 
about the fauna and flora of the regions. 

This is a healthy and encouraging trend from the Museum view- 
point and one which holds promise of a new appreciation on the part 

<\7 < 

of the public for the Museum and its work. The Museum must do 
its part, however, to maintain the tempo by broadening its program 
in education and in exhibition, and by presenting its materials in such 
a manner that the public can both understand and appreciate what 
it sees or hears. 

A museum with an intelligently planned program should become 
a part of the average person's daily life the same as the newspaper, 
the church, or even the theater and movies. This contention is based 
on the premise that the Museum is a truly public institution that 
seriously attempts to participate in the field of mass education. 

Perhaps a more constant interest in the natural history of the 
world could even be an influence in helping to establish a world 
which can live in peace, for it is agreed that most prejudices are 
caused by lack of knowledge. That the influence of geography, 
climate, the fauna, and the flora of a region are important factors 
in governing the pattern of life of its inhabitants is a fact well-known 
to the scientist; and the dissemination of knowledge in these fields 
could prove a potent factor in eliminating prejudices, hatreds, 
economic misunderstanding, and other underlying causes of world 


The trend indicated in the preceding paragraphs is also revealed 
by the Museum's attendance statistics for 1944. The total number 
of visitors received during the year was 1,264,513, an increase of 
more than 225,000 or in excess of 23 per cent over the 1943 attend- 
ance of 1,021,289. While, as has always been the institution's 
experience, paid attendance was only a fraction of the total, this 
attendance, too, rose to 99,752 in 1944 compared with 77,980 in 
1943. All of the other 1944 visitors— 1,164,761— were admitted 
without charge, including those coming on the free admission days, 
and those whose status as children, teachers, members of the armed 
forces of the United Nations, and Members of the Museum entitles 
them to free admission any day. Inasmuch as the 1943 attendance, 
both free and paid, had declined slightly, compared to that of 1942, 
the large rise in 1944 seems doubly significant, especially when it is 
considered that the difficulties of transportation became even more 
acute and the pressure of war activities more intense than had been 
the case in the other years since Pearl Harbor. 

It always seems well to stress that the attendance alone is no 
measure of the Museum's full influence. Hundreds of thousands of 

other persons were reached outside the walls of the building by the 
activities conducted by the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation and the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, whose 
activities will be found outlined in detail in other sections of this 
report. The Museum's message was further disseminated by means 
of newspapers, magazines, radio, its own publications, and other 

Special events, including series of programs and temporary 
exhibits, drew additional crowds to the Museum. Most important 
among these were the annual spring and autumn courses of free 
illustrated lectures presented in the James Simpson Theatre on 
Saturday afternoons in March, April, October, and November; the 
Raymond Foundation free motion picture programs for children 
presented on Saturday mornings during the same months, and an 

Fig. 1. Model of a 
branch of the cot' 
tonwood tree, 
showing catkins 
with their downy 
seeds, which fill the 
air in June. Harris 
Extension exhibit. 


additional series on Thursdays during July and August; the "Lay- 
man Lectures" given on Sunday afternoons in the autumn, winter, 
and spring by Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, volunteer member of the 
Museum staff; the special "Backgrounds of the War" lecture series 
of the Raymond Foundation during the summer; and the Founda- 
tion's daily guide-lecture tours for both adults and children through- 
out the year. 

The increase in the federal tax on admissions to amusement 
places, which became effective April 1, applies also to all such educa- 
tional institutions as the Museum. On the days when admission of 
25 cents is charged the tax is now 5 cents, making a total entrance 
fee of 30 cents. Children will be admitted free on all days, as in 
the past, as will also teachers, uniformed members of the armed 
forces of the United Nations, and Museum Members. In the case 
of children admitted free on days when adults are charged, the 
government requires payment of the tax for those twelve years of 
age, or over, but this charge will be absorbed by the Museum as has 
been the practice ever since the former 3-cent tax was imposed. 
Thus, every child over twelve admitted on a pay-day will cost the 
Museum 5 cents in actual cash outlay, but the Trustees regard 
this as justified in the accomplishment of the educational aims of 
the Museum. 


In general, the policy adopted immediately after Pearl Harbor of 
discontinuing expeditions for the duration of the war was followed, 
but one important exception was necessarily made because the objec- 
tive could not have been attained unless work was undertaken while 
the opportunity was available. This was the expedition to El Pari- 
cutin, the new volcano in Mexico, conducted by Dr. Paul O. McGrew, 
Acting Chief Curator of the Department of Geology. Only the 
unique character of the phenomenon, presenting an opportunity 
which if missed at this time might have been lost forever, induced 
the Museum to make this exception. Funds for the purpose were 
made available by a donor who wishes to remain anonymous. 
The expedition made important scientific observations and collec- 
tions of material, some of which are already on exhibition in the 
Museum. Details of the work will be found in the section of this 
report dealing with the Department of Geology. 

Minor field work was conducted during the year by Mr. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator of the Department of Zoology; Mr. Clifford 


H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles; and Mr. Harry 
Changnon, Assistant in Geology. 

Personnel Changes 

During 1944, one more member of the Museum staff, Mr. James 
H. Quinn, Chief Preparator in Paleontology, took leave of absence 

Fig. 2. A view of El Paricutin, the Mexican volcano, from the village of San 
Juan Parangaricutiro. The town was completely demolished by a flood of red-hot 
lava. Here two Tarascan Indians are viewing the destruction of a house by the 
approaching wall of lava. 

and enlisted in the Navy as a metalsmith. At the end of the year, 
the total number of staff members on leave for war service, after de- 
ducting for those who had been in service and had been released, or 
whose status with relation to the Museum changed otherwise, was 

Various members of the Museum staff in the armed services were 
promoted in rank during the year. Among these are: Bryan Patter- 
son (Curator of Paleontology), from private first class to corporal, 
then to T/5; Henry S. Dybas (Assistant, Insects), from private to 
sergeant; Henry Horback (Assistant, Geology), from private to 


staff sergeant; William J. Beecher (Temporary Assistant, Zoology), 
from private to corporal; Dr. Alexander Spoehr (Curator, North 
American Archaeology), from lieutenant (j.g.) to senior lieutenant, 
U.S.N.R.; Loren P. Woods (Assistant Curator of Fishes), from 
ensign to lieutenant (j.g.), U.S.N. R.; Nicholas Repar (printer), from 
aviation machinist's mate 2/C to aviation machinist's mate 1/C, 
U.S.N.R.; Morris Johnson (carpenter), from carpenter's mate 2/C 
to carpenter's mate 1/C, U.S.N.R.; Miss Elizabeth Best (guide- 
lecturer), from ensign to lieutenant (j.g.) in the WAVES; Miss Marie 
B. Pabst (guide-lecturer), from seaman 1/C to lieutenant (j.g.) in the 
WAVES; Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. (Associate, Birds), from first lieu- 
tenant to captain in the Marine Corps; M. C. Darnall, Jr. (guard), 
from ensign to lieutenant (j.g.) in the Coast Guard. 

T/5 Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, on leave for 
service with the Army, was reported wounded in action during the 
drive late in the year through Belgium. 

Captain Traylor of the Marine Corps suffered serious wounds 
resulting in the loss of one eye during the assault on Tarawa. Earlier 
he had been awarded the Silver Star for gallantry and intrepidity 
during action on Guadalcanal. 

Staff Taxidermist John W. Moyer, now a chief specialist in the 
Navy, was engaged in important assignments in various theaters of 
war, making motion pictures of naval medical and surgical work. 
These films are for the training of medical corps men and the ad- 
vancement of field surgery. 

Mr. E. Fred Bromund, who had worked as a volunteer in the 
Museum's Division of Reptiles, died November 14, as the result of 
wounds received in action on the German front. 

Mr. Henry W. Nichols, for more than fifty years a curator on the 
staff of the Department of Geology, and Chief Curator of the Depart- 
ment since 1936, was retired on pension December 31. He was 
78 years old, and for several years past had been suffering from 
illness, despite which he had remained faithfully at his post. He 
was the dean of the staff. During his career, he conducted sixteen 
expeditions for the Museum, collecting a wide variety of material 
now on exhibition. He was the writer of many papers in his field of 

Upon the retirement of Mr. Nichols, Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, 
Assistant Curator of Paleontology, was appointed Acting Chief 
Curator of the Department. 


Mr. Farley H. Wade resigned as superintendent of the Division 
of Printing, and Mr. Raymond H. Hallstein was appointed to this 

Miss Velma Whipple, who had been a member of the staff of the 
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public 
School and Children's Lectures some years ago, was reappointed to 
fill a vacancy in that division. Mr. Bert E. Grove, who returned to 
his position as a Raymond Foundation lecturer after completing war 
service with the American Field Service and the United States Army, 
resigned late in the year to take a teaching position at Lake Forest 

The active services of Miss Edith Vincent, Librarian of the 
Department of Botany, who has passed normal retirement age, 
were continued at the request of the Board of Trustees. 

Mr. Henry F. Ditzel, Registrar, retired on March 15 under the 
Museum's pension plan. He had been connected with the institu- 
tion since 1905. 

Mrs. Marion Grey was appointed as an Associate in the Division 
of Fishes, on a volunteer basis. Other volunteers appointed during 
the year include Dr. Wilton M. Krogman, anatomist and physical 
anthropologist at the University of Chicago, appointed by the 
Museum as Research Associate in Physical Anthropology in the 
Department of Anthropology; and Dr. L. H. Tiffany, professor of 
botany at Northwestern University, appointed as Research Associate 
in Cryptogamic Botany in the Museum's Department of Botany. 

Mr. Harry E. Changnon, Preparator in the Department of 
Geology, was appointed Assistant in Geology. 

During three summer months, Miss Priscilla Hannaford and Mr. 
Rodger Mitchell were employed as temporary assistants in the 
Department of Zoology. 

Mr. Frank H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories in Zoology, and 
Miss Nellie Starkson, Artist-Preparator, resigned. 

Dr. Oscar Neumann, formerly of the Berlin Museum, and well 
known among European ornithologists, made arrangements with the 
Museum whereby he is in daily attendance, pursuing studies in the 
Division of Birds. 

Miss Helena Maria Da Costa Azevedo, librarian at the Museu 
Nacional in Rio de Janeiro, spent several months in work and study 
in the Library of this Museum. 

News of the death of Dr. Charles E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator 
of Birds, was received during the year. Dr. Hellmayr, who was 


sixty-six years old, died in Switzerland. He joined the staff of the 
Museum in 1922. His principal work here was the monumental 
series of ornithological volumes, The Birds of the Americas. In 1931, 
for personal reasons, he requested and received permission to return 
to Vienna to continue there the preparation of the remaining 
volumes. When the Nazis invaded Austria he was confined as a 
political prisoner, but finally regained his freedom and was enabled 
to take up residence in Switzerland. 

Edward L. Burchard, Librarian and Recorder of the Museum in 
its earliest days, died November 29 at the age of 77. 

Trustees and Officers 

The Board of Trustees lost one of its members on July 12, 1944, 
in the death of Brigadier-General Theodore Roosevelt, on active 
duty with the United States Army in France. General Roosevelt 
had been a Trustee since May 23, 1938, and his keen interest in the 
Museum dated back many years before that. Chicago will have 
a permanent memorial to both General Roosevelt and his brother, 
Major Kermit Roosevelt, who also died in the nation's service in 
Alaska, in the habitat groups in the Museum composed of rare 
animals collected in Asia by them. Following the death of General 
Roosevelt, the Trustees adopted the following memorial resolution: 

"The death of General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., deprives Ameri- 
can science and culture of a staunch supporter and an active partici- 
pant in the advancement of knowledge. Distinguished son of a 
distinguished father, he led a life of intense devotion to public 
service during which his interest in and appreciation of natural 
history were never submerged by the exigencies of administrative 

"His direct connection with the Chicago Natural History 
Museum began in 1925 when with his brother Kermit he conducted 
with great success the James Simpson-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition. 
Again in 1928, also with his brother, he continued with a similar 
and equally successful undertaking, the William V. Kelley-Roose- 
velts Expedition to Eastern Asia. These expeditions were planned 
and carried out on a large scale. They traversed difficult and little- 
known regions and they brought to the Museum some of the largest 
and most important zoological collections acquired within its history. 
It is significant that, although both these expeditions engaged in 
the exciting chase of rare game animals and secured material for 
some of the finest exhibits in the Museum, there was also provision 
for careful study of the little-known and unspectacular elements of 


the fauna of the regions explored. In both cases trained zoologists 
were associated with the parties and their notes and collections have 
formed the basis of technical publications detailing large additions 
to knowledge. 

"General Roosevelt's interest in and service to the Museum were 
by no means confined to expeditionary activities. While Governor 
of the Philippines he was instrumental in securing important col- 
lections for the Museum, and elsewhere he was ever alert for its 
interest. After his election as a Trustee in 1938, he kept in touch 
loyally with Museum affairs although unable to be in regular attend- 
ance at meetings. 

"His brilliant record as a soldier in two wars, especially in the 
present one, is remarkable, bringing to his memory the acclaim and 
gratitude of the entire nation. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our high regard 
for him be spread upon the permanent records of the Board and that 
our deep sympathy be conveyed to his family. The loss of his 
stimulating personality, his valued counsel, and his warm compan- 
ionship will long be felt." 

On September 21, Secretary of War Stimson presented to General 
Roosevelt's widow the Medal of Honor, an award which had been 
recommended prior to the general's death in Normandy on July 12. 

The War Department citation said : 

"For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and 
beyond the call of duty on June 6, 1944, in France. After two verbal 
requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy 
invasion had been denied, Brigadier-General Roosevelt's request for 
this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the 
forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. 

"He repeatedly led groups from the beach over the seawall and 
established them inland. His valor, and courage and presence in the 
very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under 
heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self- 

"Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, 
Brigadier-General Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, 
rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against 
the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm and unfaltering leader- 
ship, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved 
inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially 
to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France." 


When the flounder's eyes are 

over a light background the 

whole fish is light. 

When the flounder's eyes are 

over a dark background the 

whole fish is dark. 

If an artificial background is not 

too extreme it will be imitated 

by the flounder. 

 »7* -i *» J 

#s»i # 

Natural sea bottom is success- 
fully imitated by the flounder. 

.'•»_-«* J**^NC~y ! j*4P' . ;.-#"--' _"■- 

Fig. 3. Color changes in the flounder are controlled through the eye. Part 
of an exhibit illustrating the principles of coloration in fishes (Hall O). 


General Roosevelt previously had been awarded the Distin- 
guished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, 
Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, and several foreign decorations 
for his service in World War I. He was awarded the Oak Leaf Cluster 
to the Silver Star in 1943 for gallantry in action in this war. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, was re-elected to 
that post to serve his thirty-sixth consecutive year. All other officers 
who served during the preceding year were re-elected and served out 
their full terms. Up to the end of 1944, no action had been taken on 
filling the vacancy on the Board caused by the death of General 

Commander Lester Armour, U.S.N.R., a member of the Board 
of Trustees, was awarded the Bronze Star Medal during the year at 
headquarters of the United States Naval Forces in Europe. The 
medal was awarded by Admiral Harold R. Stark, commander of 
the naval forces in that theater, for Commander Armour's work in 
organizing and directing special military activities before and after 

New Exhibits 

Within the limits imposed by wartime shortages of materials, 
and the depletion of the staff due to the absence of many members 
on war service, the Museum continued expansion of its exhibits on as 
extensive a scale as possible. Details of all new installations will be 
found in this report under the headings of the various departments 
in which they occur. 

One of the new exhibits, that illustrating the "web of life" in a 
fresh-water lake of the Middle West, as it would be seen by a person 
descending beneath the water with a diver's helmet, is distinguished 
for the unique new techniques devised by Staff Artist Arthur G. 
Rueckert to achieve the illusion of water-shimmer and other condi- 
tions difficult of reproduction by ordinary methods. This group, the 
result of a Museum expedition with diving equipment to the bottom 
of Lake La Grange, Cass County, Michigan, was completed in the 
Hall of Fishes (Hall 0). It illustrates the life in a typical fresh- 
water lake of the region comprising northern Illinois, Wisconsin, 
Indiana, and Michigan. 

Also installed in Hall O is a new exhibit (Fig. 3) showing notable 
examples of various types of fish coloration, presenting the results 
of experiments with color change in fishes, and models to show how 
some of them change color. The Department of Zoology also com- 


pleted a habitat group of the giant forest hogs of an African rain 
forest, in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22). 

The Department of Anthropology concentrated chiefly upon 
Hall B, devoted to the history or archaeology of American Indians, 
the first section of which was opened in the preceding year. In 1944, 
the second section was opened, with ten exhibits completed. Seven 
of these deal with the Hopewell Indians who lived in southern Ohio 
from about A.D. 1100 to 1400. The new techniques employed in 
connection with the first section of this hall, as described in the 
Annual Report for 1943, were again used; in addition, new experi- 
ments were carried out to obtain further vividness and increase 
educational value. 

Minor additions were made to the exhibits in the Departments of 
Geology and Botany, including a geological exhibit of specimens of 
volcanic material collected at the new Paricutin volcano in Mexico 
by Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Acting Chief Curator of Geology. 

A number of special temporary exhibits were installed during 
the year as occasion arose, and these proved to be of interest to large 
numbers of visitors. 

A special exhibit of documentary photographs illustrating native 
life in the Belgian Congo, and the war contributions of that country, 
was displayed in Stanley Field Hall during the summer. The 
pictures were supplied by the Belgian Government Film Mission. 

In co-operation with the Victory Garden movement, the Museum 
accepted on loan and placed on exhibition in the Hall of Food Plants 
(Hall 25) a miniature diorama made and lent to the Museum by 
Miss Halina Przydatek, a teacher in the Chicago Public Schools. 

On November 22, the Museum participated in an exhibition of 
material representing Chicago's outstanding facilities for education 
and recreation, under the auspices of the Chicago Recreation Com- 
mission. Mr. John R. Millar, Curator of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension of the Museum, was the representative of this 


The Museum was recipient during 1944 of one of the largest 
gifts in its entire history when Mr. Marshall Field, for many years 
both a Trustee and a Benefactor of the institution, fulfilled his pledge 
made in the previous year on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary 
of the Museum. Mr. Field transferred to the ownership of the 
Museum one of Chicago's important office structures, the Pitts- 


field Building, and the Loop real estate it occupies, together with 
10,000 shares of Marshall Field and Company 6 per cent preferred 
stock. Mr. Field's gift, which totals in value more than $5,000,000, 
becomes part of the permanent endowment of the Museum and is 
subject to no special restrictions. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, contributed for 
various Museum purposes the sum of $15,650. 

Mr. Thomas W. Hinde, a Life Member of the Museum, made a 
gift of $2,500, on the basis of which the Trustees elected him to the 
list of Contributors (a special membership classification including 
all persons who give or devise between $1,000 and $100,000 to the 
Museum in money or materials; their names are enrolled on an 
honor list in perpetuity). 

From the estate of the late Frederick T. Haskell, the Museum 
received $1,000, and Mr. Haskell was therefore posthumously 
elected a Contributor. 

Other cash gifts in various denominations were received from 
Mr. Donald Richards, Mr. Peder A. Christensen of St. Louis, Mr. 

E. Stevenson, Mr. Val J. Seng, and the Maymar Corporation. 

Among notable gifts of Museum material were ethnological 
objects from Labrador and Greenland, from Mrs. Frederick H. Raw- 
son, widow of a former Museum Trustee and expedition sponsor; 
valuable meteorite specimens, collections of photographs, and books 
from Mr. Stuart H. Perry, of Adrian, Michigan, who subsequently 
was elected a Contributor in recognition of his gifts; specimens of 
pure gold from Mr. Thomas J. Dee; a gift of a remarkable jade 
boulder weighing 2,300 pounds from Mr. James L. Kraft, for which 
he was elected a Contributor; an extensive collection of nearly 13,000 
moths and butterflies from the heirs of Arthur W. Herz, who was 
therefore posthumously elected a Contributor; a valuable collection 
of geological and anthropological specimens from the late William 

F. E. Gurley, posthumously elected a Contributor; a gift of 2,249 
maps to the Library from the United States Army Map Service; 
two specimens of the rare eggs of the California condor, given by 
Judge R. Magoon Barnes, noted oologist of Lacon, Illinois, and 
Curator of Birds' Eggs on the Museum staff; and a collection of 
most rare and valuable Aleut artifacts collected in the Aleutian 
Islands near Dutch Harbor, by Lieutenant Alvin R. Cahn, L T .S.N.R., 
for which he was elected a Contributor. 

From all parts of the world where armed forces of the United 
States are stationed, the Museum has been the recipient of collec- 


tions of fauna and flora, ethnological and archaeological objects, 
and geological specimens. Many of these have come from members 
of the institution's staff now in war service; many others have come 
from other soldiers, sailors, marines, and their officers. Acknowledg- 
ments of these will be found in the list of gifts at the end of this 
report, and details of several of the more important acquisitions of 
this kind will be found in the departmental sections of the report. 

The Chicago Park District turned over to the Museum 
$125,099.35, as its share of taxes levied to aid in the support of 
several museums under an act of the state legislature. 

Raymond Foundation 

The Raymond Foundation continued in 1944 its presentation of 
lectures, tours, motion picture programs, stories, and radio broad- 
casts to groups of people in the Museum and in the schools. 

Handicaps such as curtailed transportation and public con- 
centration on war efforts held down the number of groups able to 
reach the Museum. It is interesting to note, however, that many 
more teachers brought children's groups to the Museum than in the 
preceding year. The comparative figures follow: 

1943 278 groups with 8,477 attendance 

1944 386 groups with 12,168 attendance 

Attendance figures for the majority of other Raymond Founda- 
tion activities were also higher than in 1943. 

Following is a summary of all Raymond Foundation activities 
in 1944, with attendance figures: 

Within the Museum: 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 386 12,168 

Radio follow-up programs 9 1,339 

Lectures preceding tours 15 2,101 

Motion picture programs 52 31,913 

Total 462 47,521 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 374 6,940 

Lectures on Backgrounds of the War. . . 9 2,230 

Adult commencement 1 935 

Total 384 10,105 


EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

(cont.) (cont.) 

Extension lectures 190 65,180 

Total 190 65,180 

Totals for Raymond Foundation activities 1,036 122,806 

Saturday Afternoon Free Lecture Courses for Adults 

(Supervised by Raymond Foundation) 17 14,774 

Total, Raymond Foundation plus Museum adult lectures. . 1,053 137,580 

A series of weekly broadcasts was initiated in conjunction with 
the Radio Council of the Chicago Public Schools. The series, 
"Places and People," was designed to give expert and up-to-the- 
minute information on various localities and races, especially those 
in the war regions. In the second half of the year the series was 
continued with programs on the Far East. The scripts were pre- 
pared by professional writers, with guidance by the Museum staff; 
broadcasts were by Museum staff members at the Radio Council 
studio, WBEZ, a frequency modulation station. An additional 

Fig. 4. A Raymond Foundation guidclecturer tells a group of first-graders 
about the tipis of the Plains Indians. An exhibit of miniatures illustrates her talk. 


outlet through WIND provided a greater listening audience. Five 
follow-up programs were given in the Museum. 

For adults, the third series of Backgrounds of the War lectures, 
instituted in 1942, was presented, this time on a larger and more 
elaborate scale. 

Four new extension lectures, illustrated with natural color slides, 
were offered to the schools: "Weather Wisdom," "Islands Pene- 
trated by the Japanese," "Modern Alaska," and "India, Land of 
Contrasts." Two portable projectors were purchased in order that 
new type slides might be used in the schools, the majority of which 
are not equipped to show small slides. 

Museum Stories for the spring and autumn motion picture 
programs were written by members of the staff and distributed 
to more than 20,000 children. 

Layman Lectures 

The Sunday afternoon "Layman Lectures" presented during 
six months of the year by Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, a volunteer member 
of the Museum staff, continued to be a major attraction for the 
public, drawing large audiences at each presentation. Mr. Dallwig 
has changed his technique, dividing each lecture between a platform 
appearance in the Museum Lecture Hall and a tour of exhibits 
related to the subject under discussion. In this manner he has been 
able to increase the size of the audiences which he can accommodate 
each Sunday to an average of 155. 

The lectures in 1944 were given during six months, from February 
to April inclusive, and again in November and December, a total of 
22 Sunday lectures. 

A different subject is offered by Mr. Dallwig in each month of 
his season. The audiences at the 22 lectures in 1944 totaled 3,400 
persons. This figure, combined with the aggregate attendance in 
his previous lecture seasons from the time of his first appearance on 
October 3, 1937, makes a total of 22,803 during his career with the 
Museum to date. 

The Museum benefited also from Mr. Dallwig's lecture work 
outside the institution, as he accepted many engagements to appear 
before various organizations both within Chicago and on a tour of 
the Pacific Coast. As his subjects pertained chiefly to the Museum, 
he thus brought this institution's activities before many people who 
would not otherwise have been reached. 


Harris School Extension 

The preparation of portable Museum exhibits and their circula- 
tion in the schools of Chicago by the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension continued to follow the pattern of service established 
during the past three decades, with what are considered to be some 
significant developments. 

The sixty-four high schools reached by the Extension were 
grouped in a separate category, and, beginning in September, 
received a special selection of exhibits believed to be most useful 
for science teaching at the high school level. This innovation was a 
logical consequence of attempts made in recent years to prepare 
exhibits to help accomplish definite teaching objectives, to associate 
related subjects in the pairs of cases customarily placed in each 
school, and, within the limits of material available, to have pairs of 
cases follow in a developmental sequence as they are changed each 
thirteen school days throughout the year. 

Another attempt along the same line was the establishment of a 
modified service to a vocational school, which was included in the 
Extension service at the start of the fall semester. In this instance, 
the school does not participate in the regular circulation of cases, 
but, because of its specialized curriculum, receives only such portable 
exhibits and loose specimens as are requested and it is possible to 
provide on scheduled deliveries in the vicinity. 

The placement of exhibits in schools at times when they will 
correlate closely with the subjects being studied remains one of 
the chief problems of operation of the Harris Extension. Both 
of the above-mentioned changes are believed to be steps toward a 
better solution. 

Several hundred specimens were added to the reserve collections 
maintained by the Extension for the preparation of new exhibits, or 
for the lending of unmounted material. These were obtained largely 
through the gift of birds and small mammals, rocks, minerals, fossils, 
and shells by Mr. Emil Liljeblad, a retired former member of the 
Museum staff; the gift of numerous shells by Mrs. Walter Lyman, 
Downers Grove, Illinois; and the gift of botanical specimens collected 
in Mexico by Miss Margaret Bauer, of the Museum staff. The 
Illinois State Department of Conservation supplied specimens of live 
fishes, which were needed for the preparation of certain new exhibits 
to be completed in 1945. 

Eleven new exhibits were prepared, and twenty-six were revised. 
Noteworthy among the new exhibits is one on the common cotton- 


wood in which a natural-size model of a fruiting branch (Fig. 1) 
and enlarged models of the male and female flowers, wood samples, 
and photographs of other details of the tree make a comprehensive 
exhibit on a subject that occurs at many places in the public school 
science curriculum from the first to the tenth grades. 

The temporary assignment of Mr. John C. Hansen, staff artist for 
the Department of Geology, to the Harris Extension, permitted the 

Fig. 5. John Conrad Hansen painting a background for a portable exhibit of 
the Harris Extension. 

resumption of a necessary program to improve the backgrounds of 
many habitat-type school exhibits made in past years. The tinted 
photographic backgrounds used in these cases had not produced con- 
vincing illusions of reality in many instances. The least effective 
of these are now being replaced by paintings produced by Mr. 
Hansen. Simplicity, better color, and better perspective make 
paintings superior for the purpose to tinted photographs of actual 

Seventy-three cases were damaged while in schools. This is a 
greater number than the average of 51 for the past seven years. The 
increase may be related to the current problem of juvenile delin- 
quency since Museum cases were involved in two instances when 
schools were broken into by young vandals. One settlement house 
that had been using the cases asked to have loans discontinued 


because it could no longer protect the Museum property. Neverthe- 
less, most of the 262 cases that required repairs during the year 
suffered only from accidental damage or ordinary wear. 

Twelve exhibits were retired from circulation as no longer satis- 
factory. These are to be replaced in whole or part by exhibits of 
similar subject matter now in preparation or planned for the near 
future. Four exhibits, which had been withheld from circulation 
for some time, were dismantled and the cabinets reconditioned for 
further use. The total number of exhibits deemed suitable for circu- 
lation at the end of the year was 1,114, of which 1,015 are in con- 
tinuous use. 

Scheduled deliveries were made without mishap or delay by the 
two Museum trucks maintained for the purpose. Each school partici- 
pating in the service for the entire year received twenty-six exhibits 
during the period. The Chicago Parental School and the North- 
western University Settlement had special loans of six cases each, 
which were retained for the school summer vacation period when 
ordinary circulation of exhibits ceases. Repairs to keep the trucks 
in serviceable condition and to reduce gasoline consumption were 
made as the need arose. Their operation continues under the restric- 
tions imposed by the Office of Defense Transportation and the local 
ration board. 

Volunteer Workers 

Much Museum work which would otherwise have had to be 
postponed because of the absence of so many members of the staff 
in war service was continued through the assistance, as in past years, 
of a corps of enthusiastic volunteer workers who give their time and 
effort on a basis of regular hours without compensation. Distin- 
guished from salaried workers by the titles "Research Associate" 
and "Associate," the names of some of these volunteers appear in 
the List of the Staff at the beginning of this report. Also appearing 
in the list, under the title of "Layman Lecturer," is the name of 
Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, who likewise contributed his services without 
recompense. Grateful acknowledgment for their services is herewith 
made to all who are thus listed, and the following additional volun- 
teers: In the Department of Geology: Mr. B. Strickler; Department of 
Zoology: Mrs. John Morrow, Dr. Oscar Neumann, Miss Joan 
Sweany, Dr. Harry Sicher, Dr. Walter Segall, Miss Marie Pettibone, 
Miss Margaret Blatchford, Mrs. Sarah H. Pope, Mr. Alexander H. 
Pope; Harris Extension: Mr. Milton Mehlberg, Miss Margaret 


Special Staff Activities 

Recognition is due to many members of the staff for activities 
outside the Museum associated with their work in the institution. 
Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of the Department of Anthro- 
pology, gave seven lectures on Southwestern Archaeology during 
the year. He was honored by appointment as a member of the 
executive committee of the Chicago Anthropological Society. Dur- 
ing the summer he was engaged in educational work for boys at 
Camp Highlands, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and 
Archaeology, was elected a member of the Institute of Andean 
Research of New York, a group of scholars organized to promote and 
co-ordinate anthropological investigations in the Andean area of 
South America. He was also appointed Editor of South American 
Archaeology for the Handbook of Latin American Studies. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, gave a 
series of lectures for the University of Chicago on "Peoples and Cus- 
toms of the Pacific." He also continued his work as a consultant- 
member of the African Committee of the National Research Council, 
Washington, which deals with war and post-war problems. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of the Department of 
Zoology, visited a number of museums in the East in the interest 
of the Museum's Hall of Whales, which was in preparation during 
the year. 

Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, spent 
some time in New York in research at the American Museum of 
Natural History. Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic 
Botany, engaged in a similar mission at the United States National 
Museum in Washington. 

Mr. Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
lectured at Black Mountain College near Asheville, Tennessee. 
He was elected a fellow of the New York Zoological Society. 

Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer, was elected to the 
American Gem Society (national and international) in recognition 
of his lectures on gems at the Museum and before that society. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
on leave for government war work, was transferred during the year 
from Ecuador to Venezuela. 

In co-operation with the Navy and War departments, several 
members of the Museum's scientific staff, notably Mr. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, and Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief 


Curator of Botany, contributed to special publications intended to 
aid service men in discriminating between safe and dangerous plants 
and animals of various parts of the world. 


University Co-operation 

As part of the long term plans for the Museum, a joint committee 
with the University of Chicago was established in March to study 
plans for increased co-operation between the Museum and the 
university. Such co-operation should be effective both in education 
and in research. A committee was appointed, composed of the 
four Chief Curators of the Museum and the following representa- 
tives of the allied fields in the university: Professor Fay-Cooper 
Cole (Anthropology), Professor John M. Beal (Botany), Professor 
Everett C. Olson (Paleontology), and Dr. Alfred E. Emerson 
(Zoology). Dr. Paul 0. McGrew served for Chief Curator Nichols, 
of the Museum's Department of Geology. 

After discussion of possibilities for increasing the Museum's 
services to the university students and staff, and for discovering 
means by which the university might offer effective aid to the 
Museum, resolutions were adopted by the committee and presented 
for action to the Director and Board of the Museum and to the 
President and Board of the University. 

It is hoped that the plans drawn up, after the test of practice, 
may be used as models for further co-operation with the several 
universities and colleges of the area. Preliminary plans have already 
been discussed with representatives of Northwestern University. 


More than fifteen years ago, this Museum, in anticipation of the 
possible destruction of type specimens in historic botanical collections 
in Europe, carried out a plan, partly with the co-operation of the 
Rockefeller Foundation, for photographing such specimens. Mr. J. 
Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, spent more 
than ten years thus engaged in the herbaria of Vienna, Paris, Geneva, 
Berlin, Munich, Copenhagen, Madrid, and elsewhere, and this 
Museum, as a result, now has 40,000 photographs of such specimens. 
The foresight has been justified by what has happened in the war; 
for example, it was learned that the Botanical Museum in Dahlem, 
a suburb of Berlin, was completely destroyed during an air raid. The 
photographs made by Mr. Macbride include 15,800 of type specimens 
that were in that institution. They are the standard by which 


thousands of our American plants are to be judged. The only 
substitute for the lost types hereafter will be the photographs 
assembled in Chicago by this Museum, duplicates of which are 
made available to other institutions. 

A citation was awarded to the Museum by the executive com- 
mittee of the School Broadcast Conference, for educational excellence 
in the series of radio programs, "Places and People," presented 
jointly by the Museum and the Radio Council of the Chicago Board 
of Education. The Museum programs dealt with various geographic 
areas and races, especially in regions of the world with war signi- 
ficance. Chiefly responsible for preparation of the programs were 
Miss Miriam Wood of the Museum's Raymond Foundation and 
Mrs. Isabel Callvert of the School Broadcasting Council. 

The Museum co-operated also in the presentation of a second 
series of programs given on station WLS — one each month. These 
programs were part of the WLS feature known as "School Time 
Broadcasts." Miss Martha Gowdy, WLS commentator, brought 
groups of some fifteen grade-school boys and girls to the Museum 
for a tour of the halls. The programs were picked up directly 
from the Museum halls through a traveling microphone moving 
about the exhibits with the group. During the program, the children 
asked questions about the various exhibits they were inspecting, 
and Museum curators gave them the answers. 

A group of distinguished Latin-American newspaper men and 
publishers touring the United States under the auspices of the 
National Press Club and the ( Co-ordinator of Inter-American Affairs 
visited the Museum May 24. Those in the party were Senor Rodrigo 
Facio Brenes, Editor and Publisher, Diario de Costa Rica, Costa 
Rica; Senor Ricardo A. Peralta, Director, El Liberal Progresista, 
Guatemala; Senor Juan Ramon Aviles, Editor, La Noticia, Managua, 
Nicaragua; Senor Alberto McGeachey, Editor, Star-Herald and 
Estrella de Panama, Panama City, Panama; Senor Julio Velis Lopez, 
Publisher and Editor, La Correspond encia, Cienfuegos, Cuba; Senor 
Luis Enrique Franco, Editor, La Informacion, Santiago, Dominican 
Republic. The group was conducted by Mr. A. Edward Stuntz of 
the office of the Co-ordinator of Inter-American Affairs and Mr. 
Charles E. Bibbo. 

On October 21, the Museum was host to a similar group of 
newspaper women from Latin-American countries. Those in the 
party were Sefiorita Lenka Franulic, writer, Revista Ercilla; Senorita 
Piedad Levi Castillo, writer, El Telegrafo; Senora Aurora Estrada y 
Ayala de Ramirez Perez, magazine and radio writer; Sefiora Elsa de 


Barrios, Director, Proa; Sefiorita Gloria Menedez Mina, Director, 
Azul; Sefiora Raquel Delgado de Castro, Director, Vida y Sahid; 
and Senorita Laura de Arce, Director, Mujeres de America. 

Winners of the contests for the annual awards of the 4-H Clubs, 
brought to Chicago from rural areas all over the United States and 
Canada at the time of the Fat Stock Show early in December, 
included this Museum as one of the places to be visited, in accordance 
with the long-established custom of the National Congress of 4-H 

Fig. 6. An Aleut hunter throw- 
ing a bird spear. One of the 
illustrations from a popular leaf- 
let, "Aleutian Islanders," recently 
published by the Museum. 

Clubs. On December 4 a group of 500 of the girls was brought to 
the Museum, and on the next day 400 of the boys. For each group 
the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation presented 

Department of Anthropology 


Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, Mr. Donald Collier, Curator 
of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, and Mr. George I. 
Quimby, Jr., Curator of Exhibits, have continued their work on a 
forthcoming general publication on North American archaeology. 

Most of the year, however, was spent by Dr. Martin and Curators 
Collier and Quimby in research for the new exhibits in the Hall of 
Indian America (Hall B). 



n w^m**** 


*$ i * 

/t^. Fig. 7. A detail from an exhibit in Hall B: 

i ^^ ^n™ "Where the American Indians came from, 

j fa £,- *f^^ when, and why?" The reconstructed scene 

suggests the crowded condition of men and 
animals in northeastern Asia after the gla- 
ciers began to recede and emphasizes the 
ease with which both men and animals could 
journey across Bering Strait from Asia to 
America. Time about 18,000 B.C. 


Chief Curator Martin, Curators Collier and Quimby, and Dr. 
Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, spent much of 
their time writing new labels for Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall 
(Races of Mankind— Hall 3). 

Chief Curator Martin wrote four articles for the Museum Bulle- 
tin. Curator Collier prepared an illustrated article on the archaeology 
of Ecuador for the Handbook of South American Indians to be 
published shortly by the Bureau of American Ethnology; another 
article, "The Sun Dance of the Plains Indians," was published in 
America Indigena, journal of the Inter-American Indian Institute. 

During the year Curator Quimby continued his work on the new 
Hall of North American Archaeology (Hall B). In collaboration 
with Chief Curator Martin, Curator Collier, and Artist Dalstrom, 
five new exhibits were completed and two others were planned. 

With Mr. Collier, Mr. Quimby prepared a long review of Griffin's 
Fort Ancient Report for the American Anthropologist. A shorter 



review of another publication was written by Mr. Quimby for pub- 
lication in American Antiquity. 

Curator Quimby supervised the cataloguing, by students in the 
museology course taught by the Department, of the collection of 
prehistoric Aleut artifacts collected and presented by Lieutenant 
Alvin R. Cahn, U.S.N.R. Some research on this collection was 
also undertaken by Mr. Quimby. A study of the decorated objects 
from a stratified site on Amaknak Island in the Aleutians led to 
the conclusion that there were two distinct periods of art. The 
art of the late period is suggestive of Punuk Eskimo design in 
northern Alaska, whereas the art of the early period resembles that 
of the mysterious Dorset culture in the eastern Arctic. The results 
of this research are incorporated in an article which has been accepted 
for publication by the Society for American Archaeology. 

In November the Museum published an anthropology leaflet, by 
Mr. Quimby, entitled Aleutian Islanders (Fig. 6). It is illustrated 


with drawings by Mrs. (Helen Z.) Quimby and photographs from 
the anthropology collections. The format of this leaflet marks 
an innovation in the publication of anthropology leaflets. The 
booklet is pleasing and colorful, and aptly suggests a live treatment 
of a living past. 

The Aleutian Islanders, or Aleut as they were called by their 
Russian discoverers, were Eskimos who had achieved a rather 
spectacular culture or civilization. The leaflet describes this civili- 
zation as it existed before the Russian conquest in 1741. 

Aleut civilization is basically old Eskimo with modifications pro- 
duced by adaptation to a sub-Arctic climate and by contact with 
peoples of northern Asia and American Indians. These factors are in 
part responsible for the unique culture of the Aleut. 

During the year Dr. Hambly continued research on a collection 
of crania brought here from various islands of Melanesia by the late 
Dr. Albert B. Lewis, who led the Joseph N. Field South Seas Expedi- 
tion of 1909-13. The object of the research and publications, the 
first of which was Craniometry of New Guinea, is to make a detailed 
statistical comparison of the average cranial measurements of 
samples from New Guinea, New Britain, New Ireland, Ambrym, 
and Malekula in the New Hebrides. The results so far indicate 
clearly that the skulls of New Guinea show Negroid and Australoid 

During the year considerable advance has been made with the 
printing of a work entitled Craniometry of Ambrym. This should be 
a welcome addition to craniometry, which lacks data from that 
island. Now in course of preparation is a manuscript on Deformed 
Crania of Malekula, another useful addition to craniometry, since 
this Museum is fortunate in possessing the largest collection of skulls 
yet reported from this island of the New Hebrides group. 

In 1932 the late Dr. Lewis prepared a handbook on the Melane- 
sian peoples, and on the Melanesian collection (Figs. 25, 29) which he 
brought from the Pacific when leader of the Joseph N. Field South 
Seas Expedition. A reprint of this work is now in progress because, 
as a result of American activity in the Pacific, demand for the book 
has been great. Many geographical names which were of interest 
only to scientists a few years ago are now household words. A section 
has been added to the description of the physical appearance of the 
Melanesians, and a survey of the most important studies of this area 
since 1932 will be added. 

Dr. Hambly recently began work on a series of maps of Africa, 
and brush drawings based on photographs of several aspects of Negro 


life. The intention is to prepare a pictorial representation of African 
life which will make the exhibits of the African halls more colorful. 
Mr. Richard A. Martin, Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology, 
completed research in order to prepare an Etruscan exhibit (Fig. 10). 
He also made a preliminary survey of and catalogued a portion of a 
collection of several thousand pieces of miscellaneous Near Eastern 
material received as a bequest from the late William F. E. Gurley, 

Fig. 8. A portion of an exhibit in Hall B, showing a hypothetical harvest cere- 
mony of the Oneota Indians. Time about A.D. 1100-1400. 

and completed a popular leaflet on the subject of mummies. This 
publication is now in press and will be issued early in 1945. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of North American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, now on leave from the Museum for service as an 
officer in the United States Naval Reserve, found time to prepare 
for publication a monograph on The Florida Seminole Camp. The 
field work on which this publication is based was sponsored by the 
Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago in 1939. 
This publication, published by the Museum Press in December, 
supplements Lieutenant Spoehr's previous publications on the social 
organization of the Florida Seminoles. 

Mrs. Rose Miller, volunteer, has continued to study and cata- 
logue the Museum's large collection of Chinese rubbings. The 



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Fig. 9. The "comic strip" or "picture-story" technique supplants the long 
printed labels formerly used. Here it is used to explain the origin of the American 
Indians. Time about 18,000 B.C. (Hall B). 

catalogue is in both English and Chinese. The usefulness of the 
collection will be greatly enhanced by this work. 

Dr. Martin and Curators Collier and Quimby, in conjunction 
with the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, 
have given a course in museology for graduate students. This 


course requires the student to spend fifteen hours each week at the 
Museum for nine months. Briefly stated, this course is designed to 
provide an interneship in practical museum work for advanced 
students who expect to qualify for staff positions in museums. The 
following subjects are covered in the course: methods of obtaining 
collections; care of specimens; recording and cataloguing; storage 
problems; exhibition techniques, new and old; label writing; restora- 
tion and mending; comparison of museum buildings; and museum 
activities (education, research, publicity, radio programs, etc.). 

Installations and Rearrangements — Anthropology 

During the year, six new exhibits of Etruscan materials have 
been prepared and installed in Edward E. and Emma B. Aver Hall 
(Hall 2) by Curator Richard Martin. 

Curator Quimby, assisted by Artist Dalstrom, Chief Curator 
Martin, and Curator Collier, prepared five new exhibits for Section 2 
of Hall B (History and Archaeology of the Indians of North, Central, 
and South America). These exhibits cover the following subjects: 
(1) Tools, pots, houses, and rituals of the Northern Farmer Indians 
(Oneota, Fort Ancient, and Iroquois; Figs. 8, 23); (2) sources of raw 
materials imported for manufacture by the Hopewell Indians of 
Ohio; (3) ceremonial pottery used by the Indians of Arkansas; 
(4) the daily life of the Shell Mound Indians of Kentucky; and (5) 
where the Indians came from, when, and why? 

The last two exhibits (4 and 5) are unique in that a comic strip 
technique is employed in each one to take the place of a long label. 
We know that visitors will seldom read labels more than two or three 
lines in length; and yet many times we have interesting information 
which we want to convey to our visitors and cannot because they 
will not read long explanatory labels. But almost anyone will look 
at a picture or series of pictures, and most people will glean more 
information from a pictorial than from a word stimulus. We deter- 
mined, therefore, to use this pictorial means of expression. 

The resulting exhibit has proved to be popular and has brought 
much praise to the Museum. In fact, it was so satisfactory that, 
when confronted with the necessity of telling the story of the origin 
of the American Indians, the comic strip technique was again 
employed, as it seemed the best method by which this saga could be 

The truth of this assertion may be more forcibly realized when 
one understands that no tools, weapons, equipment, gear, or skeletons 

-45 - 

of the earliest Indians have ever been found. Stone tools and 
weapons of Indians dating from 10,000 to 18,000 years ago have 
recently been discovered; but these probably do not represent the 
culture of the first migrating Indians. 

But, since no artifacts of the first Indians have ever been found, 
there are no specimens to exhibit. The only way the story of the 

Fig. 10. An Etruscan bronze 
cista (3rd century B.C.). Cistae 
served as toilet boxes, and con- 
tained mirrors, combs, hairpins, 
rouge pots, etc. They were us- 
ually decorated with engraved 
designs showing mythological 
scenes (Hall 2). 

migration could be told was pictorially. This has been done by 
means of two large maps — one of North America and one of eastern 
Asia. On the maps we have shown the extent of glaciation about 
20,000 years ago and drawings of the extinct animals which roamed 
the continents at that time (Fig. 7). Between the continents is a 
plaque bearing fifteen pictures in the comic strip technique (Fig. 9). 
These pictures show why some of the Asiatics were forced to leave 
Asia, how they crossed over to America, and how they wended their 
way through a corridor in the glacier until they finally reached the 
Plains area. 

The details of where these people came from, and when and why, 
are fairly well established. Much research went into every detail, 


and several experts on early man in the New World were consulted 
in order to be sure that details were accurate. Dr. Ernst Antevs, 
glacial geologist of the Carnegie Institution, Washington, has been 
especially helpful. He supplied the data for the map, which shows 
the approximate location of the American Glacier at about the time 
man first entered the New World, and data for the chronology 
which was used. The indebtedness of the Museum to Dr. Antevs 
is gratefully acknowledged. 

Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, was 
most generous in supplying data for the paleontological aspects of 
the exhibit. 

A recent report asserts that "facts presented in picture strips are 
(at first reading) grasped 10 to 30 per cent more thoroughly than the 
same facts presented in words alone." Our experience certainly 
corroborates this report. Furthermore, if we tried to tell the story 

Fig. 11. The head of a Hope- 
well Indian man, wearing a deer 
antler head-dress. The ear orna- 
ments, the pendants, and the 
base of the head-dress consist of 
copper, and the antlers are wood 
covered with copper. The neck- 
lace is made of fresh-water pearls. 
The head was modeled after a 
pottery statuette excavated from 
an ancient burial mound in Ohio. 


in words rather than in pictures, it would require a label containing 
from 300 to 400 words, which visitors would not stop to read. There- 
fore, to accomplish the purpose, comic strips have been used. 


Department of Botany 


The daily work of the Department of Botany has been handled 
by the few members of the staff remaining at the Museum during 
the emergency. Along with administrative work and attention to 
exhibits and special projects, Chief Curator B. E. Dahlgren con- 
tinued his studies of palms and made various additions to the palm 
herbarium which is gradually taking shape out of material obtained 
by Museum expeditions and his personal collecting during the past 
twenty years. Incidentally, a second part of his Index of American 
Palms was advanced with a view to eventual publication in the 
Museum's Botanical Series. Much attention was given during the 
year to post-war plans for botanical exhibits, especially to botanical 
synoptic series, and for a forestry hall presenting a geographical and 
ecological arrangement of the principal American trees. 

Besides current work of determinations and care of the herbarium 
of flowering plants and ferns, study of the plants obtained by the 
Guatemalan expeditions of 1938-42 was continued throughout 1944 
by Mr. Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium. This work has 
been practically completed, and a manuscript, Flora of Guatemala, 
is now almost ready for publication. The first volume is in course 
of publication. 

The Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, con- 
tinued research on the classification of Chroococcaceae and Oscil- 
latoriaceae, partly in collaboration with Mr. William A. Daily. Dr. 
Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany at 
the Museum, continued research on the algal flora of Illinois during 
1944. Mr. Harry K. Phinney, graduate student at Northwestern 
University, spent all of the school year at the Museum working on 
a revision of the Cladophoraceae. Professor G. M. Smith of Stanford 
University, Mr. and Mrs. William A. Daily of the Herbarium of 
Butler University, and Dr. L. H. Flint of Louisiana State University 
made use of the collections of algae at various times. Mr. Donald 
Richards, volunteer assistant, worked with the collections of mosses, 
and Mrs. Cloyd B. Stifler of Wilmette with the collections of fungi. 
Both Mr. Phinney and Dr. Drouet spent some time in collecting 
cryptogams in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. 

Several members of the staff were absent from the Museum 
during the year. Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of 
the Herbarium, spent the year in California, on leave of absence. 
Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany, was engaged 


Fig. 12. A detail of a flowering and fruiting branch of the quinine tree (Cin- 
chona Ledgenanal, reproduced from material received from Guatemala (Hall 29). 


»   i 

in emergency work for the United States government in Venezuela. 
Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, was 
employed by the Board of Economic Warfare, also for work in 
Venezuela. After his separation from that organization in October, 
he spent two months in the high sandstone region of Ptari-tepui 
and Sororopan-tepui of southern Venezuela, where he made a large 
collection of plants at elevations of 3,000 to 8,000 feet. A full 
report upon his field work and the material obtained has not yet 
been received. The region had not been visited previously by any 
botanist, and because of its similarity to the remarkable mountains 
of Duida and Roraima, it is expected that a substantial number of 
species of plants previously unknown to science will be found in his 

Publications of the Department issued during the year by the 
Museum Press are listed on page 70. Besides these, various 
scientific contributions appeared elsewhere. A pamphlet of 102 
pages and 72 text figures, prepared by Chief Curator Dahlgren and 
Curator Standley, entitled Edible and Poisonous Plants of the Carib- 
bean Region, was edited, supplied with captions and tables, and issued 
by the United States Navy, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. 
Dahlgren also contributed an article, "The Economic Uses of Palms," 
to Tropical Woods, and Mr. Standley an account of the family 
Araceae to the Flora of Panama, published by the Missouri Botanical 

In 1944 the Department of Botany received 220 accessions 
consisting of material for the economic collections and for the 
exhibits and herbaria. Of these, 6,530 specimens were received as 
gifts; 6,315 in exchanges; 572 as purchases; and 677 were obtained 
by Museum expeditions, a total of 14,094 items. 

The total number of specimens in the herbaria and other organ- 
ized collections at the end of 1944 was 1,141,628. During the year 
there were added to the herbaria 14,754 sheets of specimens, besides 
photographs and printed or typewritten descriptions of new species 
of plants. Of the total receipts during the year, 13,987 consisted of 
plant specimens and photographs for the herbaria. The largest 
single accession consisted of 1,585 specimens of flowering plants and 
algae received in exchange from the Department of Botany of the 
University of Texas. 

More than 7,500 new specimens of cryptogams were received 
during 1944, in addition to those originating on Museum expeditions. 
Of these, some 2,500 came as exchanges from other herbaria. The 
remainder were gifts, including 737 algae from Dr. Walter Kiener, 


of the University of Nebraska; 587 fungi from Mrs. Cloyd B. Stifler, 
of Wilmette, Illinois; and 500 cryptogams from Mr. Lawrence J. 
King, of Wooster, Ohio. The bulk of these and other gifts consisted 
of algae received for identification. 

Cryptogams numbering 9,856 were mounted and filed in the 
cryptogamic herbarium during the year. A considerable portion 

Fig. 13. A restoration of a flowering branch of Williamsoniella, an extinct 
Cycadeoid recently added to the botanical exhibits in Hall 29. 

of the collection of fungi and all of the Characeae were repackaged 
in permanent form. The thousands of packets required were in 
large part folded by Mrs. Catherine M. Richards, of Chicago. 
More than 5,000 duplicate cryptogams were sent in exchanges to 
other public and private herbaria. Mr. Richards, Mr. Harold B. 
Louderback, and Mr. Phinney assisted in the preparation of these. 
Mr. Louderback was engaged in making a catalogue of the genera 
of cryptogams, which when completed will be useful both in research 
and in the curating of the collections. 


A large quantity of Venezuelan wood specimens, obtained by 
Mr. Williams on an expedition of the Museum and the Venezuelan 
government for botanical exploration in 1941-42, was cut by the 
carpenter into hand specimens for proper filing and conservation 
in the wood study collection of the Department and for exchange. 

During 1944, the Department distributed as exchanges 6,500 
duplicate specimens of plants and 950 hand specimens of woods. 
There were distributed also, by sale or exchange, 12,970 photographic 

Fig. 14. Fruits and vegetables from the exhibit of food plants of American 
origin in Hall 25. 

prints from the negatives of type specimens of plants made in Euro- 
pean herbaria by Associate Curator J. Francis Macbride. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Botany 

With the number of preparators in the Department of Botany 
reduced to two, few of the additions under way for the botanical 
exhibits were actually completed and installed during the year. 
A notable new one was a branch of a quinine tree (Fig. 12) of the par- 
ticular kind that for many years has been the chief source of the 
world's supply of this hitherto indispensable drug. This has been a 
desideratum for the botanical exhibits for a long time. In view of 
the recent history of quinine, it is of interest to recall that a specimen 


desired for the purpose could not be obtained from the Dutch planta- 
tions. It was finally secured, soon after the beginning of the war, 
from a plantation in Central America. It is now to be seen with other 
plants of the madder family in Hall 29 (Martin A. and Carrie 
Ryerson Hall). 

A case displaying the most important food plants of New World 
origin (Fig. 14 ) has been a feature of Hall 25 for a number of years and 
a source of interest to most visitors to the botanical exhibits. It is 

ip4 v jjN# v 

Fig. 15. Fruits and vegetables from the exhibit of food plants of Old World 
origin in Hall 25. 

now complemented by a recently installed case showing in a similar 
manner the principal food plants of the Old World (Fig. 15). Thanks 
to the presence of corn, pumpkins, and other large and brightly 
colored natural products, the New World contributions to man's 
vegetable food supply are seen at a glance to be much more showy, 
while the Old World staple cereals, vegetables, and fruits are less 
brilliant but much more numerous. 

Two remarkable Old World harvest scenes, one from Hungary, 
the other from Calais, were added to the exhibit of small grains in the 
same hall. Both were obtained by the courtesy of the photographers 
who made them Vedas Erno of Budapest and Joseph Breitenbach, 
A.R.P.S., of New York. 


In the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) the display of Venezuelan 
timbers was increased by installation of eight new specimens obtained 
on the middle and upper Orinoco River by a joint expedition of the 
Museum and the Venezuelan government in 1941 and 1942. For 
display in the same hall, two large maps have been prepared, respec- 
tively of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, to show distribution 
of the main types of plant formations of the world with special 
reference to the forests yielding the many and varied kinds of timber 
represented in this hall. 

Much work has been done during the year in preparation for an 
African desert scene for the series of plant habitat groups in Martin 
A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29). Reconstructions of two fossil 
Cycadophytes to fill a gap in the synoptic series of Gymnosperms in 
the same hall have been almost completed and will be added to the 
exhibits before this report has been printed. 

A filing case for the Harper Collection negatives, similar to those 
provided last year for the collection of type photographs, was built 
by the carpenter, and several standard type exhibition cases, too 
shallow to accommodate various new exhibits, were rebuilt by him 
during the year. 

Department of Geology 


The loss to war service of more than half of the staff members of 
the Department of Geology has decidedly reduced the achievements 
of the Department, in both research and exhibition. The follow- 
ing staff members were away, either in the armed forces or in civilian 
work bearing on the war effort: Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Curator of 
Geology; Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology; Mr. 
Bryant Mather, Assistant Curator of Mineralogy; Dr. Albert A. 
Dahlberg, Research Associate in Paleontology; Mr. James H. Quinn, 
Chief Preparator in Paleontology; and Mr. Henry Horback, Assist- 
ant in Geology. 

Research was limited to that carried on by Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, 
Assistant Curator of Paleontology, whose studies resulted in the 
publication of three papers in the Geological Series of the Museum. 
One was a description of a mammalian fauna from Nebraska with a 
discussion of the late phases of horse evolution and the general 
correlation of late Pliocene and early Pleistocene faunas of North 
America, Asia, and Europe. Another was a discussion of a group of 


fossil dogs known as Aelurodon in which statistical methods were 
used to define the group. The last was a description of a fossil dog 
collected in the Republic of Honduras in 1941, a specimen that 
extends the known range of a genus and species from the Great 
Plains well into the Central American isthmus. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, as on several 
previous occasions, has extended his detailed knowledge of living 
turtles to fossil turtles in the paleontological collections. Descrip- 
tions of two new genera of turtles, Phyllomys and Catapleura, from 

Fig. 16. A fossil leaf from one of the plants that formed the important coal 
deposits of Illinois. This specimen is one of a large number of coal-forest plants 
recently added to the collections of the Museum. 

Cretaceous beds of Arkansas were published by Mr. Schmidt in the 
Museum's Geological Series. 

Although expeditions have nominally stopped for the duration 
of the war, the eruption of the volcano El Paricutin in the state of 
Michoacan, Mexico, was of such importance that a short collecting 
trip was made there by Dr. McGrew. This volcano is notable in 
that it is the first to be born essentially under scientific observation. 
Several other volcanoes have been born in historic time, but none 
was observed by geologists in the early stages of growth. Because 
of the complete studies made possible by this new volcano, it was 
important that this Museum acquire a collection of the various 
volcanic products available during the early periods of eruption. 
Such a collection, consisting of volcanic ash, lapilli, bombs, mineral 
crystals, etc., was made and brought to the Museum. In addition, 
a complete photographic survey was made of the volcano and its 
effects on the surrounding country (Fig. 2). 

Because of the intense public interest in El Paricutin, a special 
temporary exhibit was placed in Stanley Field Hall. In the case 
were exhibited the various volcanic products and a series of photo- 


graphs showing details of the eruption and of the destruction of 
the villages of Paricutin and Parangaricutiro. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Geology 

As in other phases of Museum activities, installation of new 
exhibits was reduced during 1944, although some progress was made, 
both in geology and paleontology. In Hall 34, the mineral hall, two 
introductory cases of crystals were installed. These contain repre- 
sentatives of the various crystal systems, exhibited in such a way 
as to show the distinguishing characters of the different crystal 
forms and to bring out their natural beauty (Fig. 17; Plate 3). 

In paleontology, three new mounted skeletons were placed on 
exhibition. A skeleton of the South American Capybara, the 
largest living rodent, was placed in the "Evolution of the Rodents" 
case for direct comparison with the extinct Castoroides, the largest 
rodent that ever lived in North America. To round out the "History 
of the Horse" group, two skeletons of ancestral horses, Mesohippus 
and Pliohippus, were installed, along with restorations in oil paint- 
ings done by Mr. John Conrad Hansen. 

A large boulder of nephrite jade presented to the Museum 
by Mr. James L. Kraft, of Chicago, was installed in Hall 34. This 
boulder, weighing 2,490 pounds, was found in a recently discovered 
locality for jade, about fifty miles southwest of Lander, Wyoming. 
A small piece was cut from the boulder and polished to bring out 
the beauty of the specimen. 

Mr. Stuart H. Perry, of Adrian, Michigan, made another impor- 
tant gift consisting of a set of five large volumes containing 
photomicrographs of iron meteorites. The photomicrographs were 
made by Mr. Perry during the course of his meteorite studies. 
Only three sets were made, the other two having been pre- 
sented by Mr. Perry to the United States National Museum and 
the University of Michigan. Besides these rare volumes, Mr. Perry 
presented meteorites which were a welcome addition to the Museum's 
already extensive collection. 

Despite the fact that the Museum has an excellent restora- 
tion of an ancient Coal Age forest, our collections have contained 
only a small number of the well-known coal-forest plants. This 
deficiency was remedied during 1944 by the purchase of the Lang- 
ford collection of fossil plants obtained near Wilmington, Illinois. 
The fossil plants were gathered by Mr. George Langford, of Joliet, 
Illinois. This collection of nearly 5,000 specimens contains beauti- 
fully preserved representatives of most of the coal-forming plants 


of this region (Fig. 16). It should form a good basis for what is 
hoped will be an expanding collection of paleobotanical material. 

The Division of Paleontology acquired, by exchange with the 
University of Oklahoma, a fine representative series of fossil mam- 
mals from the Pliocene deposits near Optima, Oklahoma. This 
assemblage is from a classic locality and adds considerable value to 
the important study collections. 

Fig. 17. Hexagonal crystals exhibited in the new installation of the Chalmers 
Collection (Hall 34). Most minerals crystallize in characteristic forms, and many 
crystals are of great beauty. 

The curtailment of expeditionary work has made it possible to 
improve the condition of the study collections in both geology and 
paleontology. In the paleontology laboratories, Mr. Orville Gilpin 
has devoted most of the year to completing preparation of fossils, 
some of which were collected as early as 1898. The non-metallic 
minerals were rearranged by Mr. Harry Changnon, Assistant in 
Geology, and a complete card catalogue was made. 


Department of Zoology 


Mr. Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
made a brief field trip in May to Black Mountain College in North 
Carolina and to the University of the South at Suwanee, Tennessee, 
where he was aided by the students in zoology and by Professor 

Fig. 18. Australian sea-horse 
(Phyllopteryx eques) with sea- 
weed-like appendages. An ex- 
ample of camouflage in fishes. 

Hall O 

Edward McCrady, of the latter institution, in making collections 
of salamanders and other amphibians and reptiles. 

The discontinuance of active field work necessitated by the war 
necessarily directs the attention of the residual staff mainly to com- 
pletion of reports already in hand and to the identification and 
rearrangement of existing collections. 

In the Division of Anatomy, Miss H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, 
has continued work on the comparative anatomy of the giant panda 
and related mammals. Dr. Harry Sicher, of the Chicago College of 
Dental Surgery, and Dr. Walter Segall have continued studies on 
anatomical problems under the auspices of the Division. 


In the Division of Mammals, Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 
Emeritus, continued studies on South American mammals, and 
made further progress on his check-list of South American mammals. 
He continued his interest in the establishment of an effective advi- 
sory commission on zoological nomenclature. A paper by Dr. 
Osgood on Ecuadorean and Peruvian rodents was published during 
the year (see p. 71). 

In the Division of Birds, Mr. Boardman Conover, Research 
Associate, continued his studies of game birds, publishing a paper 
on the North Pacific purple sandpipers. Dr. Oscar Neumann, a 
volunteer, continued studies on exotic birds in the course of re- 
arrangement of various collections. A paper by Dr. Neumann, 
based on specimens in the Museum's collections, "A Hitherto Un- 
named Glossy Starling from East Africa," appeared in the Auk. 

In the Division of Reptiles, Mr. Pope completed his handbook, 
Amphibians and Reptiles of the Chicago Area, and it was published by 
the Museum Press (Fig. 21). Mr. Pope ako engaged in investigations 
Df the rattlesnake and the treatment of snake-bite. These studies are 
being carried on with the co-operation of Mr. R. M. Perkins, director 
of the Lincoln Park Zoo, and with members of the staff of the College 

Fig. 19. The Cavendish dik dik 
is representative of the small dik 
dik antelopes, widespread in Africa. 
The fine pose of this specimen 
represents the school of artistic 
taxidermy that grew up in the 
Museum under the influence of 
the late Carl E. Akeley (Hall 13). 


k ■* 

^^ ^^y 

* ; 



of Medicine of the University of Illinois. A paper by Messrs. Pope 
and Perkins on "Differences in the Patterns of Bites of Venomous and 
Harmless Snakes" appeared in the Archives of Surgery. Mr. Pope's 


Poisonous Snakes of the New World, a revision of a former publication 
under the same title, appeared as a publication of the New York 
Zoological Society. Papers on amphibians and reptiles published 
by Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt, with the aid of volunteer students 
now in the United States Army, are listed on page 71. 

In the Division of Fishes, Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, engaged 
in a careful check of the Museum's types of fishes, which was 
urgently necessary, and which will result in a published list. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates, Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator, 
has continued the revision of the collections, with a resulting by- 
product of notes for publication. 

In the Division of Insects, which had large accessions during 
the year, Curator William J. Gerhard has been engaged in curatorial 
and departmental work. Dr. Charles H. Seevers, Research Asso- 
ciate, has continued his studies on staphylinid beetles. Five publi- 
cations on arthropods, based on the collections of the Division, 
appeared during 1944 in the Museum's publications (see p. 71). 

Seven articles were prepared by the staff for the Museum Bulletin. 
Chief Curator Schmidt continued his services as herpetological 
editor for Copeia, as consulting editor for the American Midland 
Naturalist, and as editor for Amphibians and Reptiles for Biological 
Abstracts, together with other editorial and advisory activities. 

Total accessions number 22,648 specimens, of which 208 are 
mammals, 411 birds, 925 amphibians and reptiles, 964 fishes, 16,740 
insects and other arthropods, and 3,400 lower invertebrates. 

The most notable acquisition was the gift of 12,944 butterflies 
and moths from the estate of the late Arthur Herz, of Chicago. 
The specimens in this collection are neatly mounted and labeled, 
and include an excellent representation of many European species not 
previously represented in the Museum's collection. Dr. P. W. 
Fattig, of Emory University, continued his gifts of pinned and 
determined insects from Georgia. 

Members of the staff in the armed forces of the United States, 
and numerous other service men, continued their additions to the 
collections as opportunities were presented. The Museum especially 
appreciates this material, often obtained under difficult conditions, 
as an earnest of their continued and future interest in the activities 
of the Museum. It seems evident that many service men will bring 
home with them an active interest in the several fields of natural 
history, which cannot fail to stimulate museum programs every- 
where. The list of collectors in the services is as follows: 


Number of 

Corp. William J. Beecher 517 

Maj. Henry J. Bennett 90 

Pvt. E. Fred Bromund 3 

Lieut. Alvin R. Cahn, U.S.N. R. 104 

Pvt. Jerry Cordell 32 

Corp. D. Dwight Davis 150 

Maj. W. G. Downs 97 

Sgt. Henry S. Dybas 217 

Edwin C. Galbreath, Ph. M. 1/C 2 

Col. C. C. Gregg 85 

Lieut. H. Hoogstraal, U. S. Army 16 

Lieut. M. L. Johnson, U.S.N. R. 35 

S/Sgt. C. S. Laubly 45 

Number of 

Pvt. S. B. Lummis 65 

Corp. Bryan Patterson 93 

L. A. Posekany, Ph. M. 1/C . . . 11 

Capt. John A. Powell, U.S. Army 4 

J. H. Quinn, M 2/C (S.R.) 1 

Corp. Eugene Ray 138 

Sgt. Thane Riney 16 

Pfc. Emil J. Rokosky 1 

Sgt. Norton Rubin 1 

Lieut. C. C. Sanborn, U.S.N. R. 579 

Lieut. R. Snyder, U.S. Army. . . 2 

Lieut. E. C. Tobiasz, U.S. Army 3 

Lieut. Loren P. Woods, U.S.N. R. 334 

Installations and Rearrangements — Zoology 

The most important improvement in the exhibition halls of the 
Department of Zoology was the completion of the habitat group of 
fresh-water fishes of the Chicago region. This is the work of Taxi- 
dermists Leon L. Pray and W. E. Eigsti, Preparator Frank H. Letl, 
and Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert. The group presents an under- 
water scene in a near-by Michigan lake, in early summer, with the 
nesting of the black bass as a principal focus of interest, and with 
such familiar fishes as the bullheads, pike, and pickerel, and the 
various brightly colored sunfishes and minnows. 

The technical problem of imitating the cloudy haze of the alga- 
filled lake water was met by the device of an oiled ground glass 
partition through the middle of the group, which leaves the fore- 
ground clear but obtains the hazy effect of the more distant water. 
The colored labels present a chart of the fishes shown in the group 
and a diagram of the "web of life" in a fresh-water lake, in which 
every living thing is somehow dependent on all the others. 

Mr. Pray completed a life-size exhibition model, based upon data 
from the elaborate published accounts, of the remarkable fish 
Latimeria, whose discovery on the coast of Africa represents the 
ichthyological event of the century. This creature represents a group 
of large fishes that were long thought to be extinct; and this group, 
the fringe-finned ganoids (Crossopterygia), is of especial interest 
since it apparently represents the stock from which the amphibians, 
the first land vertebrates, arose. 

Mr. Pray also completed the models and installed the case illus- 
trative of the general principles of coloration in fishes. The first 
panel of this three-panel exhibit shows, by means of enlarged models 
of the cells of the fish skin, how color change takes place. A series 


of specimens of the Nassau grouper exhibits the range of color 
changes, apparently under nervous control and largely independent 
of the fishes' surroundings. The second panel is devoted primarily 
to the remarkable color changes of the flounder (Fig. 3), by which this 
common fish, which lies on one side on the sea bottom, adjusts the 


ftb *. \ - s*,;», ** v > ** 9 

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Fig. 20. The lion fish is an example of brilliant animal coloration. The 
camouflage principle of disrupted general outline is evident (Hall O). 

color of its exposed side to its surroundings. The control of this 
highly perfected color change is through the eye, as is proved by a 
series of ingenious experiments. The third panel of the exhibit 
includes various other phenomena of animal coloration exhibited 
by fishes — camouflage by counter-shading, protective resemblance, 
differences between the sexes, and color mutation (Figs. 18, 20). 

Minor changes of labels were made in Halls 20 and 21 (habitat 
groups of birds, and birds systematically arranged). In the Division 
of Mammals, one case in George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13) was 


slightly rearranged in preparation for the installation of a case of the 
very small antelopes known as dik diks and duikers (Figs. 19, 24), 
on which Taxidermist Julius Friesser has been occupied. 

Taxidermist Leon L. Walters has continued the accumulation 
of celluloid models of reptiles for exhibition, and has aided in other 
exhibition projects such as the case for the races of the domestic 
pigeon, which is to illustrate the general topic of selection by man- 
artificial selection, as opposed to natural selection, the principal 
molding force that alters species in nature. 

During the first part of the year Taxidermist Eigsti was occupied 
with the completion of the accessories and installation of the fresh- 
water fish group, and has subsequently been engaged on the domestic 
pigeons, together with Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder. Mr. Wonder 
has also been occupied with the care of the reference collection of 
mammals and birds. 

Much progress was made on the project for a hall of whales, or 
rather of whale models, which has been in preparation during 
several years by Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. The painting of the 
life-size models of porpoises and dolphins by Mr. Rueckert had 
been completed by the end of the year, and mural decoration of 
the hall (Fig. 22) has now been completed; the models are well 
advanced. Chief Curator Schmidt, in the absence of the Curator 
of Mammals (Lieut. Colin C. Sanborn, U.S.N.R.), has been engaged 
on the labels for the whale cases and on plans for two cases to be 
devoted to the anatomy and natural history of whales. Mr. Schmidt 
consulted specialists on whales in Washington and New York, and 
examined collections and exhibitions of whales in other eastern 
museums in December. 

Cataloguing, Inventorying, and Labeling — 

All Departments 

The customary attention was given in all four scientific depart- 
ments to the tasks of cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling. 


New accessions received by the Department of Anthropology 
totaled fifteen, of which eight were entered in the inventory books. 
Nine previous accessions were entered in whole or in part. Four 
hundred and fifty-nine catalogue cards were prepared during the 
year, and 416 cards were entered. Since the inventory books were 


first opened, 229,788 cards have been entered in them. The Division 
of Printing delivered to this Department 2,500 catalogue cards and 
818 labels. 


The records of botanical accessions, loans, and exchanges and the 
catalogues of the contributions of collectors represented in the 
Museum Herbarium were kept up to date as usual by Miss Edith 
Vincent, Librarian of the Department, along with the Botany 
Library catalogue and the card index of new species. 

Labels were prepared for new exhibits added during the year and 
various old labels were revised. Labels were provided by Mrs. 
Frances S. Goetz for the 13,000 type photographs furnished to 
other institutions in 1944. 


The Department of Geology catalogued 473 specimens received 
during the year. This includes all specimens acquired by the Depart- 
ment with the exception of some 5,000 coal-forest fossil plants that 
will be held until they can be sorted. Labels printed for specimens 
on exhibition totaled 378. To the collection of photographs were 
added 329 prints of various geological subjects. For meteorites, 
minerals, gems, and rocks, 600 new catalogue cards were prepared 
and filed. 


Entries in the Department catalogues number 6,391, of which 
1,588 are for lower invertebrates, 58 for insects, 53 for fishes, 901 for 
reptiles and amphibians, 3,545 for birds, 125 for mammals, and 121 
for the Division of Anatomy. The revision of the reference collec- 
tion of mollusks occupied much of Dr. Haas's time, involving new 
labels and checking old ones. Mrs. John Morrow's work, on the 
catalogue mentioned above, consisted mainly of the entries for birds 
of the Bishop Collection, all but about 1,200 specimens of which are 
now catalogued and in place in the general collection. 


Despite continued heavy demands on the public due to the war 
effort, it is most gratifying to report an increase in the number of 
Museum Members on the rolls in 1944. 

During the year, 494 new Members were enrolled. Through 
transfers, cancellations, and deaths a total loss of 355 Members was 


incurred, resulting in a net gain of 139 Members, as compared with 
a gain of 54 in 1943. The total number of memberships at the end 
of 1944 was 4,468. 

In view of the many and increasing demands for support of 
other causes, the contributions of all the Museum Members who 
have continued their association with this institution are deeply 
appreciated. It is only by such co-operation and support that the 
scientific and educational work of the Museum can be successfully 
continued. It is hoped that the many Members who are now serving 
in the armed forces, and those who for various other reasons found 
it necessary to discontinue their memberships, will resume member- 
ship in the near future. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the list 
in each of the membership classifications at the end of 1944: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 10 

Patrons 23 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 140 

Corporate Members 44 

Life Members 214 

Non-Resident Life Members 14 

Associate Members 2,421 

Non-Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 10 

Annual Members 1,554 

Total Memberships 4,468 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1944 will be 
found on the pages at the end of this Report. 

Public Relations 

On at least eleven occasions during 1944, despite the space 
limitations which war exigencies have imposed on the newspaper 
publishing business, the Museum was favored with Sunday feature 
stories and picture layouts filling from one to two entire pages of 
the Chicago metropolitan newspapers — a notable recognition by the 
press of the work of this institution. 

In addition to furnishing the material for these, the Public 
Relations Counsel has maintained throughout the year the usual 
run of routine releases ranging from small items to full column 
stories, the number of such articles produced in the Division during 
the year totaling 314. These were frequently accompanied by 
photographs; in other cases, they aroused the interest of city editors 


to the extent that they sent their own reporters and photographers 
to follow up — a result which testifies more to the success of publicity 
work than mere publication of "handout" material as released. 
Further, there were instances where these stories stimulated editorial 
writers of newspapers and magazines to make favorable comments 
on the institution's accomplishments. The continued co-operation 
of editors, special writers, columnists, and photographers with the 
Museum's Public Relations Counsel, in presenting the story of the 
Museum to the public, is most gratifying. Special acknowledgment 
is due to the staffs of the Chicago Sun, Chicago Daily News, Chicago 
Daily Times, Chicago Tribune, and Chicago Herald-American; also, 
the City News Bureau, the Associated Press, United Press, Inter- 
national News Service, Science Service, Time Magazine, and many 
other local, national, and international publications, and news 

Apart from direct radio activities of the Museum described 
elsewhere in this report (see Raymond Foundation), the Division 
of Public Relations has had the co-operation of various news broad- 
casting and special events radio programs. Most notable among 
these is the North Western Hour over station WMAQ, which scarcely 
let a week pass without some notice of the Museum, and special 
appreciation is due to Mr. Patsy Gallichio, announcer, to his sponsor, 
the Chicago and North Western Railway, and to the Caples Com- 
pany which prepares the programs. 

In addition to metropolitan press and major radio station pub- 
licity, the Museum has again benefited by notable contributions of 
space in the community newspapers published for various Chicago 
neighborhoods; also, liberal space in the foreign-language group of 
newspapers, and in the newspapers of Chicago's suburbs and other 
dailies and weeklies in various parts of Illinois and the Middle West. 

The Museum Bulletin, production of which is a part of the work 
of the Division of Public Relations, was held to six bi-monthly issues, 
reduction from the usual twelve having been necessitated by the 
wartime paper shortage, the absence in war service of many mem- 
bers of the staff who normally contribute, and the heavy burdens 
on the Division of Printing. It has again been gratifying to note 
that many Bulletin articles have been considered of such interest 
that newspapers and periodicals have reprinted them. 

Also produced in the Division of Public Relations were articles 
for various publications, including the Americana Annual (of the 
Americana Encyclopedia), the magazine Victory of the Office of 


War Information, the magazine En Guardia published by the Office 
of the Co-ordinator of Inter-American Affairs, and others. 

Poster advertising, without cost, was again made available by- 
various transportation companies and other organizations, including 
the Chicago and North Western Railway, the Chicago, Aurora and 
Elgin Railroad, the Chicago Rapid Transit Lines, and the Illinois 
Central System. Many thousands of Museum folders were distrib- 
uted through co-operating agencies. 


The Library has had an unusually active year, due in part to 
the greater variety of readers' needs in subject matter. There has 
been an appreciably larger number of readers from outside. Also, 
more members of the staff have adopted the practice of keeping 
abreast of the periodicals containing new material in their fields. 
There have been many opportunities, too, for the Library to assist 
men and women in the national service. 

As in the preceding year, and to an even greater degree, the war 
has made a distinct difference in much of the work. Many of the 
queries received have been in regard to material concerning fauna 
or flora of strategic localities. 

Because of uncertain transportation from abroad, foreign publi- 
cations continue largely to be reserved for future shipments. This 
is true of exchanges as well as of the purchased foreign publications. 

In 1943, the revision of the Union List of Serials was reported 
completed; in 1944 it has been necessary to revise the revision. 

Effort has been made to complete, wherever possible, important 
sets of periodicals received either by purchase or exchange. Among 
those to which additions have been made are: American Folklore 
Society, Memoirs; American Philosophical Society, Proceedings and 
Transactions; Archaeological Survey of Egypt, Memoirs; Egypt 
Exploration Fund, Memoirs; Nuttall Ornithological Club, Memoirs; 
and Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Society. 

Mr. Stanley Field has again presented the current numbers of 
Illustrated London News and the magazine of the Audubon Society. 
Mr. Boardman Conover, Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, Mr. Orr Good- 
son, Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Mr. Henry W. Nichols, and Mr. Paul C. 
Standley also presented current numbers of useful and important 
periodicals. Among those who have given collections of pamphlets 
and books, or have added to those previously presented, are Mr. 
Emil Liljeblad and Dr. Alfred Emerson. 


Mrs. William F. E. Gurley presented interesting and rare books, 
among them Hummingbirds, containing six original drawings in 
color, by Ernest Griset, and Histoire de 4.1 e Fauteuil de V Academie 
Francaise, by Ars4ne Houssaye. 

The Library has assisted in war work by lending books and maps 
to both Army and Navy. In return, the outstanding acquisition of 
the year was the receipt of maps from the Army Map Service. 
Some 1,200 were received in the initial installment, and many others 
later. These were sent in recognition of material lent by the Library 
to this service. 

Another unusual gift was five volumes of photomicrographs of 
iron meteorites presented by Mr. Stuart H. Perry of Adrian, 
Michigan. The negative plates are deposited permanently in the 
United States National Museum. The photographs, about 1,400 
in number, were made incidental to the metallographic studies 
embodied in the Metallography of Meteoric Iron, just published. 
Only three copies of this set are in existence: one at the United States 
National Museum, one at the University of Michigan, and the third 
at this Museum. 

A few of the outstanding purchases should be mentioned: 
Lamarck, Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertebres, 1815 1822; 
Delessert, Recueil des Coquilles, 1841; Semper, Reisen im Archipel 
der Philippinen; Perty, Delectus Animalium Articulatorum; Wagner, 
Testacea Fluviatilis; Drake del Castillo, Illustrationes Florae Insu- 
larum Maris Pacifici; Roxburgh, Plants of the Coast of Coromandel; 
and Wallich, Plantae Asiaticae Rariores. The Library has had some 
of the Mexican codices, but lacked some especially desired numbers. 
By a fortunate opportunity, nine of these were secured. 

As in previous years, the Library acknowledges courtesies of 
inter-library loans, especially from the John Crerar Library, the 
University of Chicago, and Yale University. Books have also been 
sent out as inter-library loans to various institutions in many parts 
of the country. 

Publications and Printing 

Distribution of exchange publications to libraries of museums, 
universities, and individual scientists during 1944 still was confined 
to those in the Western Hemisphere. Because of war restrictions 
and limited ocean shipping space, copies for libraries in other parts 
of the world continue to be held at the Museum for the duration of 
the war. 


Fig. 21. Typical egg clusters of the spotted salamander. An illustration from 
a handbook recently published by the Museum Press, "Reptiles and Amphibians of 
the Chicago Area," by Clifford H. Pope. 


The papers sent out on exchange account consisted of 13,084 
copies of publications, 514 leaflets, and 412 miscellaneous books and 

Sales during the year totaled 4,040 publications, 7,597 leaflets, 
and 21,304 miscellaneous pamphlets, such as Guides, Handbooks, 
and Memoirs. Thirteen new exchange arrangements with institu- 
tions and scientists were established. For future sales, foreign 
exchanges, and other distributions, the Museum in 1944 wrapped, 
labeled, and stored 29,500 copies of publications and miscellaneous 
pamphlets in 405 packages. 

A total of 150,568 picture post cards was sold during the year. 

Production of the Division of Printing in 1944 included twenty- 
three new numbers in the Museum's regular publication series. 
These comprised 584 pages of type composition. The aggregate 
number of copies printed was 20,396. 

One leaflet was printed, comprising 48 pages of type composition. 
The number of copies printed was 2,020. The Annual Report of 
the Director for 1943 consisted of 121 pages of type composition, 
and 5,835 copies were printed. A special publication, Amphibians 
and Reptiles of the Chicago Area, was issued, which had 275 type 
pages. The number of copies printed was 1,030. 

Three reprints of the General Guide, each consisting of 60 pages, 
totaled 15,870 copies. The total number of pages printed in all 
books was 1,315 and the total copies issued numbered 46,831. 

Six issues of the Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were 
printed, with an average of 5,450 copies per issue. Exhibition labels 
printed during the year reached a total of 2,157. Other printing, 
including stationery, posters, Museum Stories for Children (Ray- 
mond Foundation), lecture schedules, and post cards, brought the 
total number of impressions for the year to 944,612. 

Following is a detailed list of publications issued during the year: 


Quimby, George I. 

Aleutian Islanders. Anthropological Leaflet No. 35, 48 pp., 9 text figures, 
8 plates. 

Spoehr, Alexander 

The Florida Seminole Family Group. Anthropological Series, vol. 33, No. 4, 
36 pp., 9 text figures, 5 plates. 


Standley, Paul C. and Steyermark, Julian A. 

Studies of Central American Plants — IV, V, and VI. Botanical Series, vol. 23, 
Nos. 2, 3, and 4, 162 pp. 



McGrew, Paul O. 

An Early Pleistocene (Blancan) Fauna from Nebraska. Geological Series, 

vol. 9, No. 2, 36 pp., 9 text figures. 
An Osteoborus from Honduras. Geological Series, vol. 8, No. 12, 5 pp., 1 text 

The Aelurodon saevus Group. Geological Series, vol. 8, No. 13, 6 pp., 1 text 


Schmidt, Karl P. 

Two New Thalassemyd Turtles from the Cretaceous of Arkansas. Geological 
Series, vol. 8, No. 11, 12 pp., 5 text figures. 

Bishop, Louis B. 

Ornithological Notes from Point Barrow, Alaska. Zoological Series, vol. 29, 
No. 12, 10 pp. 

Chamberlin, Ralph V. 

Chilopods in the Collections of Field Museum. Zoological Series, vol. 28, No. 4, 
44 pp., 5 plates. 


The North Pacific Allies of the Purple Sandpiper. Zoological Series, vol. 29, 
No. 11, 11 pp. 

Hanson, Harold C. 

A New Harvest Mouse from Wisconsin. Zoological Series, vol. 29, No. 14, 
5 pp., 1 text figure. 

Osgood, Wilfred H. 

Nine New South American Rodents. Zoological Series, vol. 29, No. 13, 14 pp. 
Pope, Clifford H. 

Amphibians and Reptiles of the Chicago Area. 275 pp., 50 text figures, 12 

Ray, Eugene 

New Mordellid Beetles from the Western Hemisphere. Zoological Series, vol. 
29, No. 7, 17 pp. 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

New Frogs from Misiones and Uruguay. Zoological Series, vol. 29, No. 9, 
8 pp., 3 text figures. 

Schmidt, Karl P. and Owens, David W. 

Amphibians and Reptiles of Northern Coahuila, Mexico. Zoological Series, 
vol. 29, No. 6, 19 pp. 

Schmidt, Karl P. and Smith, Tarlton F. 

Amphibians and Reptiles of the Big Bend Region of Texas. Zoological Series, 
vol. 29, No. 5, 27 pp. 

Seevers, Charles H. 

A New Subfamily of Beetles Parasitic on Mammals. Zoological Series, vol. 28, 
No. 3, 20 pp., 3 plates. 

Sicher, Harry 

Masticatory Apparatus in the Giant Panda and the Bears. Zoological Series, 

vol. 29, No. 4, 13 pp., 5 text figures. 
Masticatory Apparatus of the Sloths. Zoological Series, vol. 29, No. 10, 8 pp., 

3 text figures. 


I < -J -J 

O L- 

^ X < -I LU if) 

Smith, Hobart M. 

Snakes of the Hoogstraal Expeditions to Northern Mexico. Zoological Series, 
vol. 29, No. 8, 18 pp., 2 text figures. 

Traub, Robert 

New North American Fleas. Zoological Series, vol. 29, No. 15, 9 pp. 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

On the Classification of the Histerid Beetles. Zoological Series, vol. 28, No. 2, 
103 pp., 3 text figures, 8 plates. 


Annual Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 19^3. 121 pp., 
17 text figures, 2 plates. 

General Guide to the Exhibits in the Chicago Natural History Museum. Twenty- 
fourth Edition. 60 pp., 3 text figures, 6 plates. 

Photography and Illustration 

For the second successive year there was a large increase made 
in production by Photographer C. H. Carpenter and his assistants. 
The 1944 output was 18,363 items, as compared with 16,017 in 1943, 
and 12,458 in 1942. Included in this figure are negatives, prints, en- 
largements, lantern slides, transparencies, color films, and miscellane- 
ous items. The various departments and divisions of the Museum 
itself were the principal users of the services of the Division of 
Photography, but a considerable number of photographs were pro- 
duced also for other institutions, for the press, for book publishers, 
and for miscellaneous sales to the public. The gigantic task of 
classifying, indexing, numbering, captioning, and filing the Museum's 
vast collection of negatives, now numbering nearly 101,000, was 

Mr. John J. Janecek, the Museum's Staff Illustrator, although 
during part of the year dividing his time between the Museum and 
special work for the government in connection with war needs, 
continued to meet all demands for miscellaneous art work required 
by the various departments and divisions of the Museum. These 
included the drawing of illustrations, maps, charts, etc. for publica- 
tions, exhibits, transparencies, and other purposes. 

The Staff Artist, Mr. Arthur G. Rueckert, was engaged for the 
greater part of the year on two major projects, one completed, and 
one continuing on into the next year. The completed project is the 
new fresh- water fish group, an underwater habitat exhibit in the Hall 
of Fishes (Hall O) for which Mr. Rueckert contrived a most ingenious 
and completely new technique to simulate the peculiar underwater 
effects necessary to obtain a realistic diver' s-eye view of the fauna, 
and its ecology, as illustrated in the group. The other project is 


the new Hall of Whales, for which Mr. Rueckert completed several 
mural paintings, backgrounds for exhibits, charts, and other acces- 
sories, as well as painting the models of whales themselves (Fig. 22). 

Art Classes 

Co-operation with the Art Institute of Chicago, which has been 
in effect for many years, was continued. This Museum again pro- 
vided facilities for the use of both child and adult students in classes 
brought here by the school of the institute. Especially on Saturdays, 
large classes of children from the art school's junior department were 

The studies in composition, drawing, painting, research, design, 
sketching, and modeling which form the curriculum of these classes 
were greatly advanced by the inspirational material provided in the 
Museum's exhibits. A special classroom is provided for the use of 
these students. 

The results of the training here were made the subject of a special 
exhibit, displayed both at the Art Institute and at this Museum, in 
which were included the best drawings, paintings, and ceramic objects 
created by the students. 

The Book Shop 

Continuing the policy of selling only publications approved by 
the staff, the Museum's Book Shop again broke all previous sales 
records. Especially heavy was the demand for books dealing with 
the natural history of the war areas. To offset the increasing number 
of nature books running out of print, additional titles of equal value 
were added to the standard selection of merchandise. The natural 
history stories which have long been popular with Chicago school 
children, and which are prepared by members of the Raymond 
Foundation, were purchased by libraries and schools throughout 
the United States. Each spring and fall new titles are added to the 
list. The increase in orders for the series attests to its value as 
supplementary material for class room studies. 


The largest number of persons for any year since 1934 was served 
by the Museum Cafeteria during 1944. The total was 105,860, as 
compared with 93,811 in the preceding year. On the other hand, the 
number accommodated in the rooms provided for those who bring 
their own lunches declined in 1944 to 79,131 from 87,327 in 1943. 


Combined total for the cafeteria and lunchrooms together, however 
— 184,991 — was the largest for any year since 1933. The lunch- 
rooms, used principally by children who bring their own box lunches 
but open to all visitors, sell sandwiches, desserts, and soft drinks. 
However, full use of lunchroom facilities is extended to all visitors 
whether or not they buy anything. 

Maintenance and Construction 

Although the reductions in personnel and the shortages of 
materials caused by the war continued to place obstacles in the 
paths of the Superintendent of Maintenance, Mr. William H. Corn- 
ing, and the Chief Engineer, Mr. William E. Lake, by careful 
management the proper maintenance of the Museum building was 
continued and they carried out the most urgent of new projects 
required in the course of the institution's activities. 

New double handrails were installed in the center of both stair- 
ways leading from Stanley Field Hall to the ground floor. Announce- 
ment and directory boards were constructed and attached to the 
bronze standards at each end of Stanley Field Hall. 

Floor-guide plans were installed in frames at various locations 
throughout the public space. 

The office of the superintendent of maintenance was moved to a 
space adjacent to the carpenter shop in the southwest corner of the 
ground floor. The space vacated by this move was made into a 
room for art students and lecture groups. 

Sash and frame repairs continued during the summer, completing 
the work on the third floor excepting the east and west elevations. 
Roof maintenance and tuck pointing were continued with Museum 
labor only, particular care being given the north and south steps 
and the painting of steel work beneath. 

In addition to general maintenance, a great deal of washing and 
painting was done. All the exterior woodwork on the main elevations 
of the building was painted a light gray. 

In the Department of Geology a project was begun for the 
Division of Paleontology. Partitions between Rooms 101, 103, 
and 105 on the third floor were removed to form a large storage 
and research room approximately 112 feet long. A continuous 
counter was built the entire length of the room with storage cup- 
boards above and below. Much of the material for this work was 
salvaged from discarded cases. Four large storage cases to fit above 
the present cases were built and installed. The room was redecorated. 


Four individually lighted cases similar in design to the Gem 
Room cases were constructed for use in Hall 34, for exhibiting the 
Chalmers Collection of crystals. 

For the Department of Anthropology two more cases were 
remodeled and refinished for Hall B. Improvements were made in 
other cases, and in workrooms. 

Fig. 23. A detail from an exhibit in Hall B: "Indian Farmers of Northeastern 
North America" (A. D. 1400-1700). An Indian woman is cultivating her garden 
with a hoe made of bone and wood. The painting also shows the principal 
crops: corn, beans, squash, gourds, pumpkins, and sunflowers. 

In the projected Whale Hall rough construction was completed 
and a case for displaying whaling tools was installed at the west end. 

All four boilers were thoroughly cleaned, new ignition arches 
were built in two boilers, and the arches in two were repaired. Bridge 
walls and fire walls were patched. Four main header valves were 
removed, repaired, and replaced. Plastic insulation was applied to 
outside boiler walls. All soot blowers were repaired. A new coal 
receiving hopper was installed and stokers were overhauled. 

New rotary assemblies were installed in the two house pumps. 
The boiler feed pump and vacuum pumps were overhauled. 


The governor and safety cables were replaced on the freight 
elevator, guides and rails were lined up, and the car leveled. 

A variety of other improvements and repairs was accomplished 
on power lines, in workrooms, on elevators, and elsewhere. 

Under continued contracts, a total of 14,221,180 pounds of steam 
was furnished to the Shedd Aquarium, and 14,951,790 pounds to the 
Chicago Park District, a total of 29,172,970 pounds for the year. 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, by-laws, and lists of Members. 

Orr Goodson, Acting Director 






For Years 1943 and 1944 


Total Paid May 21-May 16 Feb. 11-Jan. 19 Sept. 4-Sept. 6 Average daily Average paid 

attendance attendance Highest Lowest Highest paid admissions admissions 

(?5% of total) attendance attendance attendance 

1 17,74 6 \ \ 12,036 
Number of guides sold 

40,882 ^ 26,046 

50,568^, 83,909 

Number of articles cheeked Number of post cards sold 


$6,926.63 $5,902.81 Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, portfolios, and photographs 





(Continued J 

Service personnel 



School children Teachers Members 




\ Saturdays 





Comparative Financial Statements 

FOR YEARS 1943 AND 1944 

Income 1944 

Endowment funds $299,762.42 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ment 19,152.87 

Life Membership fund 9,693.56 

Associate Membership fund... 11,822.21 

Chicago Park District 125,099.35 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 14,600.00 

Admissions 24,938.00 

Sundry receipts 21,731.65 

Contributions, general purposes 603.00 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 619.25 

Special funds — part expended 
for purposes designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 14,424.97 


Collections $ 5,582.77 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections. . . 45,697.72 

Expeditions 1,350.00 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 1,305.33 

Pensions and group insurance. . 46,097.08 

Departmental expenses 35,057.45 

General operating expenses. . . . 283,246.73 
Building repairs and alterations 32,157.35 
Annuity on contingent gift .... 25,000.00 
Reserve for building repairs and 
mechanical plant deprecia- 
tion 10,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies aris- 
ing from the war 55,000.00 

Balance . . . 
Contribution by Mr. Marshall Field 




















$ 1,952.85 Deficit. 

Balance . 

$ 1,952.85 


$ 96,855.73 

$ 363.02 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1944 1943 

Income from endowment $ 17,299.14 $ 17,128.90 

Operating expenses 15,626.52 16,227.03 

Balance $ 1,672.62 $ 901.87 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to the Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or collections. 
They may, if desired, take the form of a memorial to a person or 
cause, to be named by the giver. 

Contributions made to the Museum are allowable as deductions 
in computing net income for federal income tax purposes, subject 
only to the limitation that the total deduction for charitable gifts 
may not exceed in any year 15 per cent of the contributor's net 

Contributions and bequests in any amount to the Chicago 
Natural History Museum are exempt from federal gift and estate 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her lifetime. 

For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum the fol- 
lowing form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to the Chicago Natural History 
Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 


List of Accessions 


Bellon, Gustavo, Oaxaca, Mexico: 
1 tripod bowl, 1 tripod jar, 1 incense 
bowl with handle — Quilapan and 
Zautla, Oaxaca, Mexico (gift). 

Bond, William Scott, Chicago: 
game — Northwest Coast; Navajo belt 
— Arizona (gift). 

Columbia University, New York: 
39 records of songs made from wax 
cylinders recorded on Field Museum 
expeditions — Philippines, Plains, South- 
west, Tibet, and Colombia (exchange). 

Drake, Cecil, Tulsa, Oklahoma: 1 
Huastecan tripod plate — Panuco, Vera 
Cruz, Mexico (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 10 ethnological specimens — 
British Guiana (gift). 

Fishleigh, Lawrence E., Chicago: 
head of Maori chief carved from Kauri 
gum — New Zealand (gift). 

Gregory, Mrs. Alice Hall, Chi- 
cago: Indian painting on muslin show- 
ing hunting and war scenes, Sioux or 

Assiniboine tribe — Fort Peck Reserva- 
tion, Montana (gift). 

Guest, Lieut. Comdr. Ward E., 
Pacific War Theater: 3 preserved heads 
from Big Namba tribe — Malekula 
Island, New Hebrides (gift). 

Gurley, Estate of William F. E., 
Chicago: jewelry, pottery, stone and 
copper tools, sculpture, seals, bronze 
and stone vessels, etc. — Egypt, Italy, 
Greece, etc. (gift). 

Harrison, Carter H., Chicago: 
Chippewa birch-bark canoe — Wiscon- 
sin; 10 nineteenth-century Bolivian tex- 
tiles — La Paz, Bolivia (gift). 

Jarrow, Col. H. W., Chicago: 
model of outrigger canoe — Pago Pago, 
Samoa (gift). 

Rawson, Mrs. Frederick L., Chi- 
cago: 15 ethnological specimens — 
Greenland and Labrador (gift). 

University of California, Berke- 
ley, California: 46 potsherds — Sinaloa, 
Mexico (gift). 


Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 9 speci- 
mens of Colombian plants, 5 specimens 
of marine algae (exchange). 

Apolinar Maria, Rev. Brother, 
Bogota, Colombia: 45 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 302 plant specimens 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Austin, 
Texas: 106 specimens of algae (gift). 

Barrett, Mrs. John W., Freeport, 
Illinois: 2 bamboo canes — Siam (gift). 

Bazuin, C. W., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 105 specimens of Michigan 
plants (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 147 
specimens of United States plants, 3 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 86 specimens of algae (gift). 

British Honduras, Department of 
Forestry, Belize, British Honduras: 52 
plant specimens (gift). 

Cabrera, Dr. Angel L., La Plata, 
Argentina: 250 specimens of Argentine 
plants (exchange). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 32 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

Camp, Dr. W. H., Quito, Ecuador: 
45 specimens of Ecuadorean plants 

Castellanos, Dr. Alberto, Tucu- 
man, Argentina: 1 specimen of Ficus 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Francis Drouet and 
others: 547 cryptogamic specimens — 
Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. 



Collected by Dr. Francis W. Pennell 
(Captain Marshall Field Expeditions 
to South America, 1923-1925): 94 
specimens of Peruvian plants. 

Collected by Lieut. Colin C. Sanborn, 
U.S.N.R.: 36 specimens of Peruvian 

Purchases: 134 plant specimens- 
Mexico and South America; 88 plant 
specimens — Aleutian Islands; 350 plant 
specimens — Alaska. 

Colby, Carl, Pittsville, Wisconsin: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Conard, Dr. Henry S., Grinnell, 
Iowa: 35 specimens of mosses (gift). 

Connors, Dr. J. J., Oakland, Cali- 
fornia: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Copulos, Milton, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Cornell University, Department 
of Botany, Ithaca, New York: 57 
specimens of United States plants 

Corning, William H., Chicago: 
5 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan: 69 speci- 
mens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Croasdale, Dr. Hannah T., Han- 
over, New Hampshire: 1 cryptogamic 
specimen (gift). 

Cross, Dr. A. T., Notre Dame, 
Indiana: 5 specimens of algae (gift). 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Cali, El 
Valle del Cauca, Colombia: 70 speci- 
mens of Colombian plants (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 196 specimens of algae (gift). 

Daniel, Rev. Brother, Medellin, 
Colombia: 36 specimens of Colombian 
plants (gift). 

Daston, Joseph S., Chicago: 1 
plant specimen, 44 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Davidheiser, Bolton, Trenton, 
North Dakota: 16 specimens of algae 

Dayton, Dr. W. A., Washington, 
D.C.: 8 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 112 specimens of algae 

Dodge, Dr. Carroll W., St. Louis, 
Missouri: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 282 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Duke University, Department of 
Botany, Durham, North Carolina: 127 
specimens of Puerto Rican ferns 

Durham, O. C, Chicago: 58 speci- 
mens of United States plants (gift). 

Durno, W. F., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Dybas, Sgt. Henry S., U. S. Army: 
98 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Elazari-Volcani, Dr. B., Rehovoth, 
Palestine: 48 specimens of algae (gift). 

Elias, Rev. Brother, Caracas, 
Venezuela: 120 specimens of Vene- 
zuelan plants (gift). 

Escuela Superior de Agricultura 
Tropical, Cali, El Valle del Cauca, 
Colombia: 100 specimens of Colombian 
plants (exchange). 

Esselmont, W. H., Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Farlow Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 136 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 15 specimens of British Guiana 
plants, 25 cryptogamic specimens, 4 
economic specimens (gift). 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
63 specimens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Fishleigh, Lawrence E., Chicago: 
1 kauri gum carved head (gift). 

Florists' Publishing Co., Chicago: 
3 specimens of cultivated plants (gift). 

Flint, Dr. L. H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 15 specimens of algae 

Funk Bros. Seed Company, Bloom- 
ington, Illinois: 4 specimens of hybrid 
corn (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, 
Chicago: 4 specimens of cultivated 
plants (gift). 

Gorton, G. R., Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Gould, Frank W., Tucson, Arizona: 
270 specimens of plants from Utah 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 30 plant specimens, 14 
photographic prints of type specimens 
of plants (exchange). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago: 
1 specimen of diatom (gift). 



Hannaford, Miss Priscilla, Win- 
netka, Illinois: 16 specimens of algae 

Harper, Dr. Roland M., Univer- 
sity, Alabama: 70 specimens of Ala- 
bama plants, 46 photographic prints 

Heard, Norman, Killeen, Texas: 2 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 1 
water color painting, 108 color prints, 
1 leaflet, 1 wood specimen, 10 speci- 
mens of South African seeds and dry 
fruits (gift). 

Herre, Dr. A. W., Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift). 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field, Illinois: 2 specimens of ferns 

Indiana Department of Conserva- 
tion, Division of Forestry, Indiana- 
polis, Indiana: 7 photographic prints 

Instituto del Museo, Universidad 
Nacional de la Plata, Department 
of Botany, La Plata, Argentina: 104 
specimens of plants (exchange). 

Johnson, H. F., Jr., Racine, Wis- 
consin: 17 specimens of Brazilian 
palms, 1 economic specimen (gift). 

Jordan, C. Basil, Dallas, Texas: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 737 specimens of algae 
(gift); 978 specimens of algae (ex- 

King, Lawrence J., Wooster, Ohio: 
500 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Knobloch, Dr. I., Buffalo, New 
York: 8 specimens of algae (gift). 

Kuehne, Paul, Muenster, Saskatch- 
ewan, Canada: 2 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Lackey, Dr. James B., Cincinnati, 
Ohio: 13 specimens of algae (gift). 

Leite, Sr. Jose Eugenio, Cidade 
de Salvador, Bahia, Brazil: 32 speci- 
mens of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Lewis, Mrs. B. B., Knightstown, 
Indiana: 6 specimens of Guatemalan 
plants (gift). 


Illinois: 450 cryptogamic specimens 

Lummis, Pvt. Standley B., Fort 
Myers, Florida: 73 specimens of Aleu- 
tian Islands plants (gift). 

Luttrell, Dr. E. S., Experiment, 
Georgia: 12 specimens of fungi (gift). 

McAllister, T. H., Eston, Sas- 
katchewan, Canada: 3 specimens of 
fossil wood (gift). 

McFadden, Mrs. Fay, Los Angeles, 
California: 320 specimens of mosses 

McFarland, Prof. Frank T., Lex- 
ington, Kentucky: 100 specimens of 
Kentucky plants (exchange); 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift). 

McNeill, Dr. E. Meade, Athens, 
Georgia: 8 specimens of algae (gift). 

Martin, Dr. A. C, Washington, 
D.C.: 16 specimens of algae (gift). 

Martinez, Prof. Maximino, Mexicc 
City, Mexico: 49 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Missouri: 1 plant specimen, 20 
cryptogamic specimens, 4 photographic 
prints (exchange). 

Mitchell, Pvt. Rodger, Camp 
Wheeler, Georgia: 21 specimens oi 
Georgia plants (gift). 

Moench, Dr. F., Belle Center, Ohio: 
1 wood specimen (gift). 

Moldenke, Dr. Harold N., North 
Warren, Pennsylvania: 2 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 345 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 22 plant specimens, 26C 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

Noecker, Dr. Norbert L., Notre 
Dame, Indiana: 4 specimens of algae 


Owen, Allan F., Chicago: 4 speci- 
mens of California plants (gift). 

Ownbey, Dr. Marion, Pullman 
Washington: 90 specimens of Ecua- 
dorean plants (gift). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia 
Pennsylvania: 5 specimens of algae 

Pearsall, Gordon S., Maywood 
Illinois: 20 plant specimens (gift). 

Phinney, Harry K., Evanston 
Illinois: 450 cryptogamic specimen; 


Pohl, Richard W., Colorado City 
Texas: 10 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 



Rabixovich, Sexorita Delia, Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: 29 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Ruegg, G., La Junta, Colorado: 1 
specimen of fossil palm (gift). 

Runyo-n, Robert, Brownsville, 
Texas: 403 specimens of Texas algae 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 11 plant specimens (gift). 

Schugmax, Mrs. Effie, Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Sharp, Dr. Aarox J., Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 32 
specimens of Hawaiian plants, 21 
photographic negatives (gift). 

Smith, Lester W., Sarasota, Florida: 
2 specimens of Florida plants (gift). 

Sxyder, Mrs. L. M., Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 27 specimens of Arabian plants 

Staxdley, Paul C, Chicago: 5 
specimens of Illinois plants, 96 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift). 

Stevexsox, Dr. J. A., Beltsville, 
Maryland: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Stifler, Mrs. Cloyd B., Wilmette, 
Illinois: 587 specimens of North Ameri- 
can fungi (gift). 

Story, Miss H. Elizabeth, Chi- 
cago: 15 specimens of Ohio cryptogams 

Swixk, Y 2,/C Floyd A., U.S.N.R., 
Chicago: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Taylor, Dr. William R., Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 7 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Templeton, Dr. B. C, Los Angeles, 
California: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Thompson, Frederick O., Des 
Moines, Iowa: 1 specimen of Mexican 
amber, 2 maps (gift). 

Tiffaxy, Dr. Haxford, Chicago: 
5 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Tolstead, Corp. W. L., Camp 
Barkley, Texas: 33 specimens of Texas 
algae (gift). 

United States Departmext of 
Agriculture, Forest Service, Wash- 
ington, D.C.: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Uxited States Natioxal Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 304 plant specimens, 
110 cryptogamic specimens, 169 photo- 
graphic prints (exchange). 

Uxited States Sugar Corporatiox, 
Clewiston, Florida: 4 specimens of 
sugar cane (gift). 


partmext of Botaxy, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 98 specimens of fungi (ex- 

University of Illixois, Depart- 
mext of Botaxy, Urbana, Illinois: 11 
photographic prints, 1 plant specimen 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
mext of Botaxy, Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 336 specimens of Ecuadorean 
plants, 300 cryptogamic specimens 

University of Tenxessee, De- 
partmext of Botaxy, Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee: 69 specimens of bryophytes 


of Botaxy, Austin, Texas: 1,505 speci- 
mens of plants, 80 specimens of algae 

University of Washington, De- 
partment of Botany, Seattle, Wash- 
ington: 162 specimens of bryophytes 

Welch, Dr. Winoxa H., Green- 
castle, Indiana: 26 specimens of mosses 

Wilde, Johx E., and Baldwin, 
John T., Rio Branco, Territorio do 
Acre, Brazil: 120 specimens of Brazilian 
plants (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Zuck, Robert E., Evansville, Indi- 
ana: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 


Almex, Carl, Chicago: 1 iron pyrite Breslix, Jim, La Junta, Colorado: 2 

concretion showing glacial striae— specimens of polished dinosaur bone — 
Rantoul, Illinois (gift). La Junta, Colorado (gift). 



Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R., U.S.N.R., 
Chicago: a molar of mammoth, Mam- 
monteus primigenius — Keewatin, Alaska 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Paul 0. McGrew 
(Chicago Natural History Museum 
Expedition to Paricutin, Michoacan, 
Mexico): 36 specimens of volcanic 
products — El Paricutin, Mexico; and 2 
specimens of minerals collected at 
Lance Creek, Wyoming. 

Collected by Harry E. Changnon: 41 
invertebrate fossils and a specimen of 
oolitic limestone — La Salle County, 
Illinois; and a specimen of glacial lake 
varves — Baraboo, Wisconsin. 

Purchases: a fossil egg of Struthio- 
lithus — Chei Chia Chuang, province of 
Shantung, China; and a collection of 
fossil plants — Wilmington, Illinois. 

Crane, Mrs. Richard T., Jr., Chi- 
cago: 7 chalcedony intaglios from 
Carthage, a green jade ring, and a 
citrine cane head (gift). 

Dee, Thomas J., Evanston, Illinois: 
7 specimens of crystallized gold and a 
gold nugget — Breckenridge, Colorado 

Felix, Benjamin B., Dundee, Illi- 
nois: 10 specimens of lava — El Paricutin 
volcano, Paricutin, Michoacan, Mex- 
ico (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 6 specimens of sand and 2 rock 
specimens — British Guiana and north- 
ern Trinidad (gift). 

Finch, R. H., Hawaii National Park, 
Hawaii: a specimen of Pele's hair— 
Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii (gift). 

Fitzner, Alex, Chicago: 10 speci- 
mens of columbite — near Hartsel, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Gurley, Estate of William F. E., 
Chicago: collection of mounted and cut 
stones (gift). 

Kraft, James L., Chicago: a neph- 
rite jade boulder — near Lander, Wyo- 
ming (gift). 

Lang, Lieut. V. A., Chicago: brachi- 
opods, Camarotoechia, on slab — near 
Wellsboro, Pennsylvania (gift). 

La Paz, Lincoln, Columbus, Ohio: a 
specimen of Odessa meteorite — Odessa, 
Texas; 2 tectites — Albuquerque, New 
Mexico (exchange). 

Lincoln, Ralph L., Chicago: a 
trilobite — Virginia (gift). 

Menzel, William E., Chicago: a 
specimen of metahewettite on sand- 
stone — Monument Claims, Arizona 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michi- 
gan: 5 meteorite specimens — various 
localities (gift); and an individual 
meteorite — Rose City, Michigan (ex- 

Redman, William, Chicago: a speci- 
men of weathered sandstone — near 
Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin (gift). 

Robbins, Percy A., Chicago: 5 
mineral specimens — Alaska (gift). 

Roberts, L. B., Monticello, Arkan- 
sas: a specimen of wood replaced with 
iron oxide — Shreveport, Louisiana 

Ruegg, G., La Junta, Colorado: 6 
specimens of polished dinosaur bone, a 
specimen of polished chalcedony, and a 
polished slice of thunder egg — La Junta, 
Colorado, and Oregon (gift). 

Sanborn, Lieut. Colin C.U.S.N.R. : 
2 specimens of gastropods — Lobitos, 
Estado de Piura, Peru (gift). 

University of Oklahoma, Norman, 
Oklahoma: 222 specimens of fossil 
mammals — Optima, Oklahoma (ex- 

Vasek, Mrs. Anna, Honey Creek, 
Wisconsin: 1 copper boulder — Honey 
Creek, Wisconsin (gift). 

Wible, C, Tacoma, Washington: 20 
specimens of chalcedony concretions 
in country rock — Washington (gift). 


Adamson, A. M., Trinidad, British 
West Indies: 6 reptiles, 3 amphibians- 
Trinidad, British West Indies (gift). 

Albrecht, C. J., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 2 mammal skins, 3 mammal 
skeletons — Quibell, Ontario (gift). 

Allen, Ross, Ocala, Florida: 3 
reptile skulls — Marion County, Florida 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 10 mammal skins 
and skulls — South America (exchange). 



Andrews, Mrs. A. M., White Cloud, 
Michigan: 89 shells — Hawaiian Islands 

Anthony, Mrs. John, Downers 
Grove, Illinois: 2 mounted dogs- 
United States (gift). 

Beebe, William, New York: 9 
lizards — Kartabo, British Guiana (ex- 

Beecher, Pfc. William J., South 
Pacific: 23 mammal skins, 63 mammals 

Cascard, Ben, Gary, Indiana: 7 
mammals — Indiana (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Clifford H. Pope: 15 
reptiles, 51 amphibians — Tennessee and 
North Carolina. 

Collected by Dominick Villa: 3 ticks, 
on rhinoceros skin in collection. 

Collected by Frank Wonder: 25 lice, 
on pigeons in collection. 

Fig. 24. A case of dwarf antelopes (duikers and dik diks) newly installed in Hall 13. 

in alcohol, 21 mammal skulls, 138 bird 
skins, 13 bird skeletons, 117 reptiles, 
43 amphibians, 19 fishes, 79 insects, 
1 crayfish — South Pacific (gift). 

Below, William and Robert, Glen 
Ellyn, Illinois: 1 horned toad — Arizona 

Bennett, Maj. Henry J., South 
Pacific: 5 fishes, 32 insects and their 
allies, 33 crustaceans, 20 shells — South 
Pacific (gift). 

Bromund, Pvt. E. Fred, St. Charles, 
Michigan: 3 reptiles — Gibb County, 
Georgia (gift). 

Brooking, A.M., Hastings, Nebraska: 
1 mounted bird — United States (ex- 

Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R., U.S.N.R., 
Chicago: 1 mammal skull, 103 marine 
invertebrates — Alaska (gift). 

Camras, Sidney, Chicago: 2 flies— 
Smokemont, North Carolina (gift). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 42 butterflies — Asia (ex- 

Purchases: 33 mammals — various 
localities; 177 bird skins — British Gui- 
ana; 8 reptiles — United States; 977 
insects — various localities; 139 shells- 
various localities. 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 9 mammals, 53 
birds, 5 reptiles, 10 mites — various 
localities (gift). 

Coe, Dr. Wesley R., La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia: 32 mussels — California (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 5 
bird skins — various localities (gift). 

Conwill, David J., Chicago: 1 
katydid — Chicago (gift). 

Cordell, Pvt. Jerry, Chicago: 32 
frogs — Chatham County, Georgia (gift). 

Davis, Corp. D. Dwight, Naper- 
ville, Illinois: 5 reptiles, 15 amphibians, 
120 insects and their allies, 10 crusta- 
ceans — Arkansas and California (gift). 

Demaree, Delzie, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 208 shells — Florida and 
Arkansas (gift). 



Downs, Maj. W. G., U. S. Army: 
97 insects — Empress Augusta Bay, 
Bougainville Island (gift). 

Dybas, Sgt. Henry S., U. S. Army: 
21 reptiles, 10 amphibians, 186 inverte- 
brates — various localities (gift). 

Edgar, S. A., U. S. Medical Branch: 
24 invertebrates — Oahu, Hawaii (gift). 

Eigsti, W. E., Chicago Heights, 
Illinois: 1 snake — Cook County, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Evans, Keith, Chicago: 1 fish— 
Acapulco, Mexico (gift). 

Fattig, Dr. P. W., Emory Univer- 
sity, Georgia: 1,564 insects — Georgia 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 1 mammal skull, 2 turtles, 10 
beetles — various localities (gift). 

Forbis, Homer, Albany, Missouri: 
1 wheel-bug — Albany, Missouri (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 1 
beetle — Will County, Illinois (gift). 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: 1 mam- 
mal skeleton — Hudson Bay, Canada 

Galbreath, Ph. M. 1/C Edwin C, 
Springfield, Illinois: 2 fishes — locality 
unknown (gift). 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 90 
insects — United States (gift). 

Goodnight, Dr. and Mrs. C. J., 
Urbana, Illinois: 4 harvestmen — Africa 
and China (gift). 

Greeley, Lieut. Fred, Winnetka, 
Illinois: 5 mites, 2 leeches — Vilas 
County, Wisconsin (gift). 

Greeley, Mrs. Fred, Winnetka, 
Illinois: 2 salamander larvae, 10 shells 
— Illinois (gift). 

Gregg, Col. C. C, Washington, 
D.C.: 78 insects and their allies, 7 
shells — various localities (gift). 

Haas, Miss Edith P., Chicago: 4 
clams — LakeDelavan, Wisconsin (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 1 beetle 
larva, 155 shells — Michigan (gift). 

Hanson, Harold C, Cache, Illinois: 
1 raccoon — Illinois (exchange); 2 liz- 
ards, 3 frogs — Illinois and Canada 

Hearst, Joseph, Chicago: 4 clams— 
McHenry County, Illinois (gift). 

Herz, Estate of Arthur Wolf, 
Chicago: 12,944 moths and butter- 
flies — various localities (gift). 

Hilton, Dr. William A., Clare- 
mont, California: 17 salamanders — Los 
Angeles County, California (exchange). 

Hoff, Dr. C. Clayton, Quincy, 
Illinois: 11 ostracods, 13 water mites- 
United States (gift). 

Hoogstraal, Lieut. H., Fort Mc- 
Pherson, Georgia: 9 reptiles, 7 amphib- 
ians — Fulton County, Georgia (gift). 

Hubricht, Leslie, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri: 914 shells — various localities 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 
181 reptiles, 35 amphibians — Texas 

Johnson, Lieut. M. L., U.S.N.R., 

Seattle, Washington: 24 reptiles, 11 
amphibians — South America (gift). 

Knull, Dr. J. N., Columbus, Ohio: 
20 beetles— United States (gift). 

Laubly, S/Sgt. C. S., Tyndall Field, 
Florida: 45 insects — Tyndall Field, 
Florida (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana: 6 beetles, 112 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 6 mam- 
mals, 24 birds, 11 reptiles, 2 amphibians 
— various localities (gift). 

Lummis, Pvt. Standley B., Fort 
Myers, Florida: 65 marine inverte- 
brates — Alaska (gift). 

Lyman, Mrs. Walter C, Downers 
Grove, Illinois: 90 shells — Florida (gift). 

Maria, Niceforo, Bogota, Colom- 
bia: 5 bats — Colombia (gift). 

Mark, Mrs. E. A., Chicago: 1 bat- 
Chicago (gift). 

Meeker, Oden H., New York: 19 
reptiles, 1 amphibian, 1 insect, 6 
crustaceans — Haiti (gift). 

Merriam, Elsey, Chicago: 1 snake 
— Porter County, Indiana (gift). 

Milstead, William, Houston, 
Texas: 56 reptiles — Houston, Texas 


Minnesota Museum of Natural 
History, Minneapolis, Minnesota: 82 
reptiles — various localities (gift). 

Morrison, Joseph P. E., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 1 shell — Kartabo, British 
Guiana (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 frogs- 
Peru (exchange). 



Nelson, Charles D., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 271 shells — various localities 

Neumann, Paul, Chicago: 6 reptiles, 
20 amphibians, 31 insects, 3 crayfish- 
Hot Springs, New Mexico (gift). 

Passot, Mrs. R. C, Chicago: 1 
spider — Chicago (gift). 

Patterson, T 5 Bryan, Chicago: 
58 insects and their allies, 35 crusta- 
ceans — various localities (gift). 

Pilsbry, Dr. Henry A., Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania: 39 shells — 
various localities (exchange). 

Posekany, Ph. M. 1/C L. A., U. S. 
Navy, Madison, Wisconsin: 3 fishes, 8 
insects and their allies — Bougainville 
Island (gift). 

Powell, Capt. John A., U. S. Army: 
4 fishes — Sterling Island, South Pacific 

Quinn, M 2 /C (S.R.) J. H., U.S.N. R. : 
1 mammal skeleton — Mesa County, 
Colorado (gift). 

Rasool, H., British Guiana: 2 mam- 
mals — British Guiana (gift). 

Ray, Corp. Eugene, Chicago: 18 
reptiles, 9 amphibians, 111 insects and 
their close allies — California (gift). 

Riney, Sgt. Thane, Hayward, Cali- 
fornia: 2 mammals, 6 reptiles, 8 
amphibians — Illinois (gift). 

Riverside Boy Scout Troop 23, 
Riverside, Illinois: 1 snake — Thornton, 
Illinois (gift). 

Rokosky, Pfc. Emil J., Brookfield, 
Illinois: 1 cricket — Jolon, California 

Rowell, Alfred L., Chicago: 1 
insect — Chicago (gift). 

Rowland, Prof. Durbin, Chicago: 
1 toad shed — Chicago (gift). 

Rubin, Sgt. Norton, Chicago: 1 
spider — Texas (gift). 

Rueckert, Mrs. Arthur G., Chi- 
cago: 5 amphibians, 33 insects and 
their allies — Hardee County, Florida 

Sanborn, Lieut. Colin C, U.S.N. R. : 
23 mammals, 2 birds, 1 baby gecko and 
eggs, 1 sea horse, 4 insects and their 
allies, 548 marine invertebrates — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Schacht, F. W., Chicago: 1 snake- 
Grand Haven, Michigan (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 2 shells — Brazil (gift). 

. Schultz, Dr. Leonard P., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 17 fishes — various localities 

Smith, Prof. Clarence R., Aurora, 
Illinois: 1 reptile, 1 amphibian — Kane 
County, Illinois (gift). 

Smith, Mrs. Hermon Dunlap, Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 1 bird — Lake Forest, 
Illinois (gift). 

Snyder, L. M., Berkeley, California: 
3 reptiles, 2 amphibians, 29 insects and 
their allies — Saudi Arabia (gift). 

Snyder, Lieut. Richard, U. S. Army, 
Ithaca, New York: 2 snakes — Dale 
County, Alabama (gift). 

Solem, G. Alan, Oak Park, Illinois: 
40 shells— South Pacific (gift). 

Storey, Miss Margaret, Stanford 
University, California: 16 fishes — Flor- 
ida (gift). 

Story, Miss Belvia Fay, Coal Run, 
Ohio: 14 insects — Coal Run, Ohio (gift). 

Story, Miss H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 

1 snake, a salamander shed, 20 insects 
and their allies — various localities (gift). 

Story, Mrs. M. R., Coal Run, Ohio: 
8 insects — Knox County, Ohio (gift). 

Sullivan, Rev. Floyd H., Flint, 
Michigan: 1 mammal skull — Siam; 1 
turtle skull — Malay Peninsula (gift). 

Tanner, Dr. Vasco M., Provo, 
Utah: 4 reptiles— Utah (gift). 

Thompson, Dr. Paul E., Chicago: 7 
lizards — various localities (gift). 

Tobiasz, Lieut. Edward C, U. S. 
Army, Melrose Park, Illinois: 1 sala- 
mander, 2 insects — Illinois (gift). 

Townsend, Irving D., Hot Springs, 
Arkansas: 1 salamander — Garland 
County, Arkansas (gift). 

Tregillus, H. G., Oswego, Illinois: 

2 spiders — Oswego, Illinois (gift). 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Chicago: 18 mammals — Pan- 
ama (exchange); 19 shells — Nebraska 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 72 beetles — various 
localities (exchange). 

United States Public Health 
Service, Hamilton, Montana: 1 tick- 
Bogota, Colombia (gift). 

Veto, Mrs. Emil, Chicago: 10 shells 
— Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea (gift). 

Vorhies, Dr. Charles T., Tucson, 
Arizona: 2 snakes — Arizona (gift). 



Wallis, Mrs. Henry A., Oak Park, 
Illinois: 60 shells — Sanibel Island, Flor- 
ida (gift). 

Walls, J. W., Chicago: 1 mammal- 
Kane County, Illinois (gift). 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, New 
York: 2 shells — Panama (gift). 

Weld, Dr. Lewis H., East Falls 
Church, Virginia: 76 gall insects, 44 
insect galls — North America (gift). 

Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 2 
birds, 65 shells — Illinois (gift). 

Woods, Lieut. Loren P., U.S.N.R., 
Princeton, New Jersey: 301 fishes, 7 
millipedes, 26 shells — various localities 

Woods, Mrs. Loren P., Princeton, 
New Jersey: 595 fishes, 2 reptiles, 13 
amphibians, 6 insects, 49 mollusks— 
California (gift). 

Wright, Earl, Green Bay, Wiscon- 
sin: 3 reptiles — Spider Island, Wiscon- 
sin (gift). 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 26 insects 
— various localities (gift). 


Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Purchases: 205 natural color slides, 
2 slide projectors. 

McKinley, William B., Peoria, 
Illinois: 12 natural color slides. 


Cahn, Lieut. Alvin R., U.S.N.R.: 

11 negatives of artifacts from the 
Aleutian Islands. 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Made by Division of Photography: 
17,065 prints, 702 negatives, 296 
enlargements, 210 lantern slides, 3 
transparent labels, and 87 kodachromes. 


List of Donors of Books 


American Forestry Association, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Arctic, Desert and Tropic Information 
Center, Army Air Forces Training 
Aids Division, New York. 

Army Air Forces Training Aids Divi- 
sion, New York. 

Bakelite Corporation, New York. 

Banta, George, Publishing Company, 
Menasha, Wisconsin. 

Canadian Conservation Association, 
London, Ontario. 

Celanese Celluloid Corporation, New 

Chamber of Commerce of the United 
States, Washington, D.C. 

Chicago Park District Library, Chi- 

Chicago Tribune, Chicago. 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Sum- 
mit, New Jersey. 

Co-ordinator of Inter-American Affairs, 
Washington, D.C. 

Eastern States Archaeological Federa- 
tion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Educational and Research Bureau for 
By-Product Ammonia, Columbus, 

Eugenics Society of Northern Cali- 
fornia, Sacramento, California. 

Guatemala Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 

Illinois Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, Urbana, Illinois. 

Illinois State Archaeological Society, 
Urbana, Illinois. 

Inter-American Financial and Eco- 
nomic Advisory Committee, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

International Harvester Company, 

International Labour Office, Montreal, 


Iowa State College Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, Ames, Iowa. 



Ireland-Geological Survey, Dublin, Ire- 

Lake Carriers' Association, Cleveland, 

Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, 

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 
New York. 

Miami County Historical Society, Peru, 

Middle America Information Bureau, 
New York. 

Oak Parker, Oak Park, Illinois. 

Pan American Union, Washington, 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Procter and Gamble, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Quebec Societe pour la Protection des 
Plantes, Quebec, Canada. 

Republic Steel Corporation, Cleveland, 

Royal Air Force Headquarters, Colom- 
bo, Ceylon. 

Fig. 25. A carved wooden bowl from the Admiralty Islands (Hall A). 

Municipal Court (Psychiatric Insti- 
tute), Chicago. 

Museo de la Patagonia, Buenos Aires, 

National Academy of Sciences, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

National Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union, Evanston, Illinois. 

Nevada Department of Highways, 
Carson City, Nevada. 

New Zealand Legation, Washington, 

Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), 
New York. 

Swift and Company, Chicago. 

Timken Roller Bearing Company, Can- 
ton, Ohio. 

Union League Club, Chicago. 

United States Steel Corporation, New 

United States War Department, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Westinghouse Electric Supply Com- 
pany, Chicago. 


Amaral, Afranio do, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 
Bellamy, Paul, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Benke, H. C, Chicago. 
Cain, Stanley A., Knoxville, Tennessee. 
Calatroni, Dr. D. Ricardo, Chicago. 
Cattoi, Miss Nolmi V., Buenos Aires, 

Comas, Mrs. Edith R. M., Baltimore, 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 

Cooley, R. A., Hamilton, Montana. 
Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago. 
Daniel, H., Medallin, Colombia. 
Dempster, Mrs. Charles W., Chicago. 
Ditzel, Henry F., Chicago. 
Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago. 
Dwyer, John D., Albany, New York. 
Eastwood, Miss Alice, San Francisco, 



Emerson, Dr. Alfred, Chicago. 
Fattig, P. W., Emory University, 

Feinland, Alexander, Paramaribo, 

Dutch Guiana. 

Fester, Dr. G. A., Santa Fe, Argentina. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Geiser, S. W., Dallas, Texas. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago. 

Gilbert, Ross Winthrop and Miss Mabel 
C, Oakland, California. 

Givler, J. C, Greensboro, North 

Goodson, Orr, Chicago. 

Gregg, Col. C. C, Washington, D.C. 

Grove, Bert, Lake Forest, Illinois. 

Gurley, Mrs. William F. E., Chicago. 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago. 

Hallock, Miss Leota, New York. 

Hatch, Melville H., Seattle, Washing- 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago. 

Herz, Arthur Wolf, Chicago. 

Heyser, Frank L., Chicago. 

Hornell, James, St. Leonards-on-Sea, 

Howell, Benjamin F., Princeton, New 

Isely, F. B., San Antonio, Texas. 

Jadhav, G. M., Baroda, India. 

Kelso, Leon, Washington, D.C. 

Krukoff, B. A., New York. 

Kiihne, W. G., Isle of Man, England. 

Lathrop, Charles, Washington, D.C. 

Lazarte, Manuel Liende, La Paz, 

Liljeblad, Emil, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Lima, Angelo M. da Costa, Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil. 

Lippincott, Miss Sarah, South Bend, 

Littell, John McGregor, South Orange, 
New Jersey. 

Love, James Lee, Burlington, North 

Lyman, Mrs. Walter Campbell, 
Downers Grove, Illinois. 

McAtee, Dr. W. L., Chicago. 

McGrew, Dr. Paul O., Chicago. 

McKenney, Frank D., San Diego, Cali- 

Marchais, Jacques, New York. 

Marshall, Roy K., Philadelphia, Penn- 

Marshall, Miss Ruth, Wisconsin Dells, 

Miller, Henry, Chicago. 

Moldenke, Harold N., New York. 

Moran, Reid V., La Canada, California. 

Moseley, Dr. E. L., Bowling Green, 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 

Nichols, Mrs. Henry W., Chicago. 

Parr, Dr. A. E., New York. 

Pereyra, Jose A., Buenos Aires, Argen- 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michigan. 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 

Phillips, E. P., Pretoria, South Africa. 

Pitcairn, Raymond, Philadelphia, 

Pope, Clifford H., Chicago. 
Pray, Leon L., Homewood, Illinois. 
Rehder, Alfred, Jamaica Plain, Massa- 
Richdale, L. E., Otago, New Zealand. 
Riggs, Elmer S., Lawrence, Kansas. 
Ross, Herbert H., Urbana, Illinois. 
Ryden, Dr. Stig, Gothenburg, Sweden. 

Sabrosky, Curtis W., Manning, South 

Sanborn, Lieut. Colin C, U.S.N. R. 
Sanderson, Ivan T., London, England. 

Savage, Donald E., Norman, Okla- 
Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois. 
Sherff, Dr. Edward E., Chicago. 

Smith, Mrs. Hermon Dunlap, Lake 
Forest, Illinois. 

Snyder, Mrs. L. M. S., Berkeley, Cali- 

Souza-Novelo, Dr. Narcisco, Merida, 
Yucatan, Mexico. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Stauffer, Clinton R., Minneapolis, 

Tucker, H. H., Columbus, Ohio. 

Villar Cordova, Pedro E., Lima, Peru. 

Welch, Mrs. Virgil C, Hampton, Iowa. 

Welling, Richard, New York. 

Wenzel, Capt. Rupert, Chicago. 

Wheeler, H. E., Little Rock, Arkansas. 



Willis, Bailey, Stanford University, Wolcott, A. B., Downers Grove, Illinois. 

California. Wood, Miss Miriam, Chicago. 

Wiltshire, E. P., Bombay, India. Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ] 

[ ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 



Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render important 
service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees at any 
of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all courtesies 
of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy 
all courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the Member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their mem- 
bership as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the 
annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an 
Associate Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of 


change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in 
such capacity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority 
of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. 
Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum- 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 
to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, 
the expenditures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 


NOMINATING committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 







F I S H I N C 






Man's Work: Fishing, carpentry, hunting, and fighting. 




1 I 


iii m 



». ft ii00-i»00 



Woman's Work: Sewing, weaving, cooking, and planting. 


-101 - 

List of Members 


Marshall Field* 

Those who 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 


have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Deceased, 1944 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1944 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 
Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Humbert, Professor 


Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Chalmers, William J.* 

* Deceased 

in money or materials 

Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 

Man del, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 


Blasehke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. * 

Doering, O. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 
Charles M.* 

* Deceased 


Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 

Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 


Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Deceased, 1944 

Roosevelt, Theodore 

McCulloch, Charles A. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 

Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 


LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles 

Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Collins, William M. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 

Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 

King, Charles Garfield 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCulloch, Charles A. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 


LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert I 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 

Crowell, H. P. 
Farwell, John V. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 

Sturges, George 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 

Deceased, 1944 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 

Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

Reynolds, Earle H. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Russell, Edmund A. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Bennett, Mrs. Irene 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 
Ellis, Ralph 
Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 


Stephens, W. C. 

Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 






27 i™-S 


TREES '""Vy''** I , 

26 rf-r. M 

PALMS 2 5 | 


Fig. 27. One of the pictorial floor plans placed around the building for the 
guidance of visitors. 



Those 2vho have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Aishton, Richard H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 

Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babb, W. E. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Mrs. 

Katharine W. 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, James J. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 

Bartelme, John H. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beasley, Dr. Edward W. 
Beck, Alexander 
Beck von Peccoz, 

Baroness Martha 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 



Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowers, Ralph E. 

Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. Bradford 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 

Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 

Carpenter,Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 




Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges, II 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B . 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cates, Dudley 
Ceding, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 

Cole, Leopold E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 

Cummings, Mrs.D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
D arrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Dean W. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Dean, Samuel Edward 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 



Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Mrs. 

Edmund J., Jr. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moiise 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 

Dunham, Miss Lucy 

Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 

Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, George F. 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 



Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Mrs. John J. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 

Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Georgs, Fred W. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 

Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Miss Mary 

Green, Robert D. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 



Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajieek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. 0. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 

Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heffernan, Miss Lily 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 

Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 



Howell, William 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 
Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 

Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 
George P. 

Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 



Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 

Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 

Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 

Knox, Harry S. 

Knutson, George H. 

Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 

Koch, Raymond J. 

Kochs, August 

Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 

Kohler, Eric L. 

Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Komiss, David S. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, John H. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 

Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 

Kramer, Leroy 

Kraus, Peter J. 

Kraus, Samuel B. 

Kreidler, D. C. 

Kresl, Carl 

Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Herman L., Jr. 

Kropff, C. G. 

Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 

Krutckoff, Charles 

Kuehn, A. L. 

Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 

Kuhl, Harry J. 

Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 

Kunka, Bernard J. 

Kunstadter, Albert 

Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 

Kurfess, John Fredric 

Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 

Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 

Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lochman, Philip 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 



Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manning, Miss Cordelia 

Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 

Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAllister, Sydney G. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
Mclnerney, John L. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 

McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, H. J. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 



Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 

Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Eugene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 

O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardee, Harvey 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 



Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mason 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Pohn, Jacob S. 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 

Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, William J. 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 

Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 

Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 



Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 

Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 

Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 



Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Eglantine Daisy 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stoll, John O. 

Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 

Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 



Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 

Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld. Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 

Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. BertramM. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 



Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 

Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 

Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 

Barnes, James M. 
Bauer, Aleck 
Birkenstein, George 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 

Chisholm, George D. 

Dawes, E. L. 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Doerr, William P. 

EtsHokin, Louis 

Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 

Deceased, 1944 

Flosdorf, Mrs. A. E. 
Fox, Dr. Philip 

Gamble, James A. 

Hale, William B. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, George A. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 

Kaspar, Otto 
Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kersey, Glen B. 
Krause, John J. 
Krueger, Leo A. 

Lindholm, Charles V. 

Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loesch, Frank J. 

Mills, Fred L. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Morgan, Mrs. 
Kendrick E. 

Parker, Dr. J. William 
Prahl, Frederick A. 

Robertson, John P. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Walter A. 

Sonneveld, Jacob 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stevenson, Dr. 
Alexander F. 

Volicas, Dr. John N. 

Fig. 28. The pitcher plant 
is a trap for insects, which 
drown and are digested in 
the fluid contained in its 
urndike leaves. One of a 
group of models of carnivo- 
rous plants in a Harris 
Extension exhibit. 

. *i C*.«d« .'..i <Sf 




Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Colby, Carl 
Lindboe, S. R. 
Meevers, Harvey 

Mitchell, W. A. 
Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Eitel, Emil 
Fay, Eugene C. 

Kurtz, W. O. 

Lynch, J. W. 

Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 

Page, John W. 
Perry, Peter M. 

Treadwell, H. A. 

Wade, Walter A. 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adams, Dr. Walter A. 
Adler, Jay 
Adler, Sidney 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Alcorn, Mrs. William R. 
Aldrich, Mrs. L. E. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, John F. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Aller, Mrs. Henry D. 
Allman, George D. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Altman, Miss Isabel M. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Ambrose, J. F. 
Ambrose, Ralph 
Ameismaier, Julius 
Andrus, Royal V. 

Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anschicks, R. J. 
Anzel, Mrs. M. S. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R. 
Appleton, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Arado, A. D. 
Aranoff, Kenneth 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armbruster, F. C. 
Arndt, Albert 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Auerbach, Dr. Bernard 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Auty, K. A. 
Avery, Guy T. 

Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baker, Mrs. Eloise 

Baker, Mrs. Mary E. 
Baldwin, James L. 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Balke, Mrs. Clarence W. 

Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, George 
Barranco, William S. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barry, Eugene A. 
Barry, George F. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartky, Mrs. Walter 
Bass, Charles 
Bassett, Raymond 
Bates, Mrs. Harry C. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beckwith, William J. 


Fig. 29. Two wooden pillows from Tami, in New Guinea. They are 
about six inches high and are used as head and neck rests to protect the 
elaborate head-dresses worn by the men in New Guinea (Hall A). 

Beers-Jones, L. 
Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 
Beifus, Morris 
Belden, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Bellows, Charles A. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. O. 
Berk, Ben 
Berkey, Andrew D. 
Berman, Irving 
Bernstein, George E. 
Berry, Edward L. 
Beven, J. L. 
Beven, T. D. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Biesel, Fred 
Biety, Joseph D. 
Bigelow, Miss 
Florence E. 
Bigelow, Royston H. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishton, W. E. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 

Blackburn, John W. 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blake, Robert W. 
Blalock, Miss Josephine 
Blaz, Maurice C. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Block, Milton D. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Boal, Stewart 
Bogoff, Henry 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolton, W. B. 
Bomberger, Mrs. 

Louden L. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Paul H. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borcherding, 0. D. 
Borgerd, Mrs. William F. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borin, Charles 
Borland, C. A. 
Borngraber, William C. 
Borough, Mrs. Edith L. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, John H. 

Boswell, Mrs. J. Stewart 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Dr. Curtis B. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Miss Anne A. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Bradley, Mrs. 

Benjamin W. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Bransley, Arthur A. 
Brant, Rev. Gordon E. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Breen, John A. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Breskin, Louis A. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Everett Robert 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 



Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brine, John H. 
Brinkman, Fred 
Bronsky, Edward M. 
Brook, P. D. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Bruce, Harley N. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Bryant, T. W. 
Buik, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burke, L. J. 
Burkhardt, Mrs. 

Ralph E. 
Burman, Henry L. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Busch, Albert 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butterfield, Peter Edwin 
Butz, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, C. Roy 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Card, William H. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlson, Mrs. Annetta C. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, H. R. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carson, Chester M. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Caspers, Mrs. Raymond I. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Castens, Milton S. 
Caswell, P. A. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Channon, Carl 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chase, Carroll G. 

Cherry, Oscar A. 
Chertow, David 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Ciccone, Tony 
Citron, William 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clarage, Arthur T. 
Clare, Carl 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, E. L. 
Clark, Mrs. Peter S. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Mrs. Robert K. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus J. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clasen, W. N. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Mrs. J. S. 
Clifton, Dr. Willie Mae 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, T. M. 
Coggin, William B. 
Cogswell, Harry J. 
Cohee, Rolland F., Jr. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohn, Harry 
Cohn, Morris Irving 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, M. M. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Coleman, Harold 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collett, C. T. 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D. 
Condon, Mrs. Jessie B. 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cooper, Charles H. 

Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Corper, Erwin 
Corrigan, Mrs. 

Michael J. 
Costello, A. B. 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Covington, John R. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Crawford, William F. 
Creange, A. L. 
Crenshaw, Dr. Langston 
Crites, Joe 
Crockett, Wells E. 
Cronkhite, A. C. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Crown, Mrs. Irving 
Cruttenden, Walter W. 
Culbertson, James G. 

Samuel A., II 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Secor 
Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Daily, Francis L. 
Dale, Thomas C. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Dancer, Howard Mix 
Daniel, Norman 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darr, H. S. 
Darrow, Gerard B. 
Darrow, William Dwight 
Dart, Miss Helen M. 
Daspit, Walter 


d, Sigmund W. 

es, Mrs. H. G. 

es, William B. 

s, A. D. 

s, Mrs. Abel 

s, Arthur G. 

s, Mrs. Charles P 

s, Charles S. 

s, David 

s, Mrs. F. Ben 

s, Mrs. James D. 

s, Paul H. 

s, Ralph W. 
Decker, Edward 
DeCosta, H. J. 



Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degener, August W. 
DeLonghe, H. F. 
DeMets, Pierre A. 
Dempsey, John S. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
Derkers, George C. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Dewey, Mrs. Charles S. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dibble, Lawrence D. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Arthur W. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dillon, W. C. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dirckx, C. Joseph 
Dixon, Mrs. Janet 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donaldson, Dan 
Donaldson, Richard J. 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Douglas, Mrs. James H. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dover, S. M. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreffein, Mrs. Henry A. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dressel, William J. 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Meyer 
Drysdale, Mrs. 

John T., Jr. 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dulsky, Louis 
Duncan, Mrs. H. F. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 

Eaton, Harry Edward 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Eaton, Norman Bridge 
Eckenroth, William A. 
Eckhouse, George H. 

Ed, Carl 

Edell, Mrs. Fred B. 
Edelman, Samuel A. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edmonds, A. W. 
Eichin, Mrs. Charles 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, William S. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Erlach, Dr. Franz S. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Eulass, E. A. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Everds, William H. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Facchine, Russell 
Fairchild, Edmund 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farney, Mrs. Cyril 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fay, George H. 
Feld, Max 
Fellinger, Albert C. 
Fenn, John F. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fessenden, Mrs. M. G. 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Feitsch, Mrs. 

Herman, Jr. 
Finn, B. L. 

Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. A. M. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fisher, William E. 
Fitpold, Michael H. 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzpatrick, James R. 
Fitzpatrick, W. J. 
Flagler, Harold 

Flaks, Francis A. 
Fleckles, L. N., Jr. 
Fleer, Herman H. 
Fleming, Paul 
Fleming, William R. 
Flesch, John 
Flesch, Stanley J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floto, J. W. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Foell, W. J. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forster, J. George 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, G. A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Fritzell, E. W. 
Frohning, W. C. 
Fugard, John R. 
Funke, William H. 
Furedy, Frank 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Chester A. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gallagher, John T. 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Garbers, Christ H. 
Gardner, George M. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gavin, Mrs. Steve 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gefael, Harry W. 
Geisler, Roy G. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerber, Martin S. 
Giesbert, Mrs. Carl A. 



Gillett, W. N. 
Gillick, J. T. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glade, Richard W. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladstone, Myer H. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldblatt, Dr. Louis 
Golding, Gustav D. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gollan, Jose Santos, Hijo 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodell, P. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Harry M. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss 

Bernice M. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Gordon, David 
Gordon, Edward 
Gorski, Martin 
Gott, Philip P. 
Gouch, Mrs. George 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grams, Herbert 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graves, Mrs. Marie J. 
Graydon, Chafles E. 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Harry 
Green, J. F. 
Green, Michael 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, Mrs. Robert P. 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregory, Dr. John J. 
Grein, Joseph 

Grimes, J. Frank 
Groble, Harold E. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groom, Miss Eve 
Grossfeld, Miss Rose 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Grove, C. G. 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustafson, Miss Anna E. 
Gustafson, Miss Ruth M. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hagey, J. F. 

Haines, Mrs. Charles J. 
Haines, Walter 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harold 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halper, Samuel 
Halperin, Max 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamilton, Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, William M. 
Hancock, Mrs. Harold A. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hanson, Dr. Arthur J. 
Hanson, Leo 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Hanson, Rev. Olof B. 
Harbaugh, Watson D. 
Harbison, Mrs. L. C. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Hardaway, John C. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harper, Robert B. 
Harr, Russell E. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, S. R. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mortimer B. 
Harrison, Mrs. John H. 

Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Malcolm 
Hartnett, Bryan 
Hartung, Mrs. E. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harvey, Mrs. Robert J. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Hasselhorn, Walter C. 
Hatcher, Dr. C. Howard 
Hatowski, Hyman 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauck, Clayson J. 
Havighurst, Mrs. H. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayakawa, S. I. 
Hayes, Miss Lucy C. 
Hazen, Deane S. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Hazzard, Louis R. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Heald, W. B. 
Healy, John J. 
Heaney, Gordon 
Heavey, John C. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heilo, Eric 
Helgason, Ami 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henn, Dr. S. C. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Charles L. 
Henry, Guy J. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Herman, Eli 
Herman, Maxwell R. 
Hershenson, Edward 
Herts, Arthur H. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hertz, Stuart 
Hesse, E. E. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hewes, Howard H. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
Hieber, Reynolds Conrad 



High, Mrs. George H. 
Hilburn, Frank O. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Howard C. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Howard H. 

William H., Jr. 
Hintze, Arthur W. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodges, L. C. 
Hodson, Mrs. A. Leslie 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hoffmann, Dr. 

Walter H. O. 
Hogan, Charles E. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holland, Robert L. 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Holt, McPherson 
Holter, Charles C. 
Holzheimer, Joseph 
Holzman, Alfred 
Honor, Mrs. Leo L. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hopper, Bernard E. 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Isidore 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 

William H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Howard, F. C. 
Howe, Edward T. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howell, Robert N. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Hudson, William J. 
Huebner, Mrs. Alphonse 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huffman, Frank C. 
Hughlett, Mrs. Teresa 


Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Hulstein, Neal S. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Neil C. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hurrell, R. E. 
Hussman, Carl 
Huth, Mrs. C. F. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Ibsen, C. L. 
Igoe, Mrs. Michael L. 
Iker, Charles 
Immerwahr, Max E. 
Ireneus, Dr. Carl, Jr. 

Jackson, Mrs. Martha F. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobi, Henry J. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
James, Ralph C. 
Jarratt, Walter J. 
Jarrett, John B. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewett, George F. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Carl I. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Elmo G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Dr. Harvey C. 
Johnson, Homer B. 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, Scott R. 
Johnson, Thomas G. 
Johnson, Voyle C. 

Johnston, A. J. 

Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 

Jolly, John W. 

Jones, C. LeVergne 

Jones, D. C. 

Jones, Earl J. 

Jones, Howard B. 

Jones, Kent 

Jones, Owen Barton 

Jones, Pierce W. 

Jones, Mrs. Walter N. 

Joy, James A. 

Joyce, A. J. 

Jung, C. C. 

Kahn, H. Donald 
Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Frank 
Kaplan, Hyman 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaufer, Saul 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Richard 
Keating, Arthur 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keenan, Miss 

Maryellen A. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kennedy, David E. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kenney, G. A. 
Kent, Mrs. Morgan B. 
Kenyon, H. M. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kiefer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Martin 
King, Miles O. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 



Kirman, Sol C. 
KixMiller, Mrs. William 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klickner, John J. 
Klier, Dr. Floyd C. 
Kloppenstein, J. D. 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knot, Nicholas 
Knourek, E. E. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, Mrs. E. H. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Kolter, Dr. Bernard C. 
Koltz, George C. 
Kompare, William F. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Kort, George 
Korzybska, Countess 

Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kotrba, Frank 
Kraemer, Leo 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Kramer, Miss Lillian 
Kramer, Mrs. Ralph 

Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Kreber, Mrs. Nellie 
Kretzmann, Rev. A. R. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Kroehl, Mrs. Howard 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurth, W. H. 
Kysela, Thomas E. 

Lachman, Harold 
Laderman, Samuel 
Lamb, Mrs. Marian K. 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Lane, George A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Larson, Charles E. 
Larson, Elis L. 

Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Latimer, William L. 
Latshaw, Mrs. Blair S. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Law, M. A. 
Lawrence, James 
Lazar, Maurice 
LeBeau, C. A. 
LeBeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Leeds, Mrs. William L. 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Lentin, J. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Theodore 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levy, John Michael 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindenthal, Mrs. Louis 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Livingston, A. Kip 
Livingston, Charles C. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lochner, Miss Kathryn 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Loderbauer, George J. 
Lodge, E. A. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Lofquist, Karl E. 
Lome, Philip 
Long, Lewis M. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Loomis, W. W. 
Loos, Dr. William J. 
Lorenze, Arthur A. 
Love, John T. 
Love, Joseph Kirk 
Love, Miss R. B. 
Luckman, Charles 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Luning, Mrs. Henry H. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 

Lyon, James L. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Mrs. William H. 

MacChesney, Miss 

MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mamalakis, Mark P. 
Manaster, Henry 
Mangan, R. K. 
Manning, Frank E. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Marcus, Abel 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marriott, Frederick L. 
Marvin, W. Ross 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Maseng, Mrs. Sigurd 
Massey, Mrs. Richard J. 
Mathewson, Raymond K. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matteson, Halsey 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxwell, John 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Frederick 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarty, Miss Ada 

McCaw, R. C. 
McCloud, Walter S. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCullough, Robert 

McDonough, Mrs. Grace 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McEnery, Dr. Eugene T. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGregor, Robert C. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKeever, Dr. Gertrude 
McKerrow, Mrs. William 



McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKisson, Robert W. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMurray, Mrs. 

George N. 
McNally, Frederick L. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Mears, Neal F. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Meers, James D. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meiners, Frank X. 
Mendelson, Morris 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Metzenberg, Leopold 
Metzger, M. A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyer, William C. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Micek, Dr. Louis T. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Millar, Ronald 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Ben 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Miss Charlotte 
Miller, Edgar B. 
Miller, Eugene 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, J. M. 
Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Dr. Shayle 
Miller, William H. 
Millikan, J. H. 
Mills, Mrs. James Leonard 
Milner, Leopold 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mizen, Frederic Kimball 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Molan, John S. 

Moldenhauer, Mrs. 

Molineaux, Edward S. 
Moll, Ernest E. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Moon, Mrs. Roscoe 
Mooney, Raymond 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Nelson S. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, Samuel C. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Morgan, Mrs. J. E. 
Morgaridge, K. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morrow, Miss Harriet 

Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Moss, Joseph L. 
Mossman, Donald P. 
Mowrer, Mrs. Paul 

Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mudd, Joseph B. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Mueller, Richard 
Muench, C. G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Muller, Allan 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Thomas J., Jr. 
Murray, William M. 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nachman, James S. 
Nadelhoffer, Dr. L. E. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nance, J. J. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Ness, J. Stanley 

Neumark, Leon 
Neumayer, John 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newell, Mrs. Leland R. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblack, Dr. H. C. 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noest, Mrs. J. I. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Nordstrum, George W. 
Norian, Morris 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Norton, G. A. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novander, A. 0. 
Novick, Daniel 
Nussear, George S. 
Nylander, Dr. Victor T. 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberne, George S. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. John S. 
O'Connor, James J. 
O'Connor, Mrs. Peter P. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Frank S. 
Olsen, W. M. 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ottman, J. H. 
Overholser, C. R. 

Palm, Harry 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmquist, Mrs. Oscar V. 
Panosh, Roy W. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, George S. 
Parrish, Russell L. 
Parrott, George H. 
Patch, A. Huntington 



Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Pearce, J. W. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pelts, Philip W. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast, Frank 
Penticoff, M. C. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Persello, Nino J. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petraitis, Dr. Peter 
Petrie, John 
Petrie, Morton H. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Petty, Mrs. George B. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Mrs. Cassius H. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, Nelson D. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Arno H. 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Phillips, John B. 
Pick, Joseph Richard 
Pick, Thomas Erskine 
Pile, Howard C. 
Pillinger, Douglass 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pitt, A. A. 

Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pohl, Mrs. Agnes O. 
Pollock, George L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, M. C. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Power, John W. 
Power, Paul W. 
Powers, D. J. 
Powers, Frank M. 
Powers, Mrs. George W. 
Powers, Miss Lillian R. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Preikschat, Ray W. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Prescott, Morton S. 
Press, Robert 
Preston, Fred A. 
Preston, G. G. 
Preus, J. A. O. 

Price, Griswold A. 
Prindle, James H. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Quarrie, William F. 
Quigley, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raftis, Mrs. Richard W. 
Rahn, Dr. Esther 
Randall, Frank A. 
Rankin, J. T. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Ransom, Robert C. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rawlins, Roderick, Jr. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Reed, Mrs. Allen M. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reeves, Courtney H. 
Regensburg, James 
Reich, Mrs. Edmund H. 
Reichert, Mrs. 

Robert M. 
Reid, Frank R. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reinhart, Earl F. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Rellihen, Edwin G. 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rennie, Lewis M. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Reyher, Mrs. Charles 
Reynolds, John B. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

Thomas A. 
Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Rhoads, Dr. Paul S. 
Rhodes, C. G. 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 

Riel, George A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Mrs. Ray M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Rivkin, Lester N. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Josephine 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, 0. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodman, Hugh 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Roman, B. F. 
Romstedt, Otto 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, David F. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. N. H. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rowland, James E. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruh, Mrs. Oscar J. 
Rukin, Max 
Rumbel, Mrs. 

Florence A. 
Rune, Carl 

Runyan, Mrs. Corinne 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Ruskamp, William H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, C. D. 
Ryan, Frank 
Rybar, Miss Pearl A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 

Sachse, William R. 
Sager, Mrs. Eldon H. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 



Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sang, Philip D. 
Saslow, David 
Sauerman, John A. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaaf, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Schick, Robert E. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlade, Allen R. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, Carl 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoff, James S. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schuman, J. R. 
Schupp, Robert W. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Mrs. Mario M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seeley, Clarence H. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segal, Victor 
Segil, Harold T. 
Seidenbecker, Mrs. O. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selz, Mrs. Frank E. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shakman, James G. 
Shaw, Mrs. Elvie 
Shaw, James C. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 

Sheffer, K. A. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, Leland W. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shultz, Earle 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Sidney, John A. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Slaughter, Dr. Danely 

Slavik, James 
Sloan, William F. 
Smaha, O. O. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles 
Smart, David A. 
Smart, Wilbur 
Smerz, E. J. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Snoberger, R. E. 
Snyder, Oliver C. 
Snyder, Ray 
Sohn, Harry 
Sollitt, Mrs. George 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Sordahl, Mrs. Louis O. 
Soukup, Mrs. 

Raymond J. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spicer, Mrs. George A. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spiegel, Sidney M., Jr. 
Spirrison, Dr. Charles G. 
Spivack, Dr. Julius L. 
Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starrett, James W. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 

Stevens, Francis O. 
Stevens, Mrs. R. 

St. John 
Stewart, George R. 
Stibgen, Geary V. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Straus, David B. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Dr. R. M. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturm, William G. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Sullivan, Miss Mary M. 
Sundblom, Haddon H. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swan, Edmund F. 
Swenson, Mrs. Edwin H. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Symes, J. M. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 

Tadrowski, Anton J. 
Taeyaerts, Jan 
Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teach, Jacob A. 
Teare, W. C. 
Teeters, S. B. 
Tegarden, J. E. 
Teitelbaum, Irving E. 
Temps, Leupold 
Test, Dr. Frederick C. 
Thirkield, D. D. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thomason, Mrs. S. E. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 



Thorson, Reuben 
Thorsson, O. M. 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Ticktin, Mrs. Mae C. 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toren, E. Clifford 
Torgerson, Mrs. 

Roland M. 
Trautmann, Mrs. 

Traver, George W. 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Tremain, Miss 

Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Trude, Daniel P. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Tschampel, Paul 
Turner, Frederick W. 
Turner, Guy R. 
Turner, James A. 
Turner, Maurice 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tylee, Mrs. Arthur F. 

Ullmann, S. E. 
Urban, Andrew 
Ursin, Mrs. Ben E. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 
Utley, George B. 

VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
VanSlyke, Wirt B. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Velde, James A. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinson, Owen 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vodoz, Frederick W. 
Vogel, James B. 
VonPerbandt, Mrs. Louis 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wacker, Fred G. 
Waddington, William H. 
Wade, Miss Kathryn 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wadlow, George B. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 

Walker, E. Jerry 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallace, R. G. 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walsh, Mrs. Carroll T. 
Walter, Mrs. Charles A. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walton, Wilbur L. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Ward, William M. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, Edward J. 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waters, Mrs. Marshall A. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Mrs. 

Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Weak, Eugene H. 
Webb, Lew H. 
Weber, Frank D. 
Weber, Rudy W. 
Webster, A. 
Webster, Harry C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weeks, H. Boyd 
Weeks, R. B. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weiss, Roscoe L. 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welch, R. T. 
Wellin, Elmer G. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Welshon, Mrs. Mary C. 
Wendhack, Fred G. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Dr. Olin 
Westman, Roy W. 
Wethers, Dr. William H. 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wettley, Eberhard E. 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 

Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Graybiel Graham 
White, Mrs. Lynne L. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitesel, Mrs. Grace 

Whitwell, J. E. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilds, John L. 
Willard, Mrs. Charles H. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willkie, E. E. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, John G. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, W. M. 
Windeler, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Winner, Dr. A. E. 
Winsberg, G. L. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Leo 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, Herman 
Wise, James E. 
Witkowsky, James 
Woldhausen, Walter L. 
Wolf, Arthur A. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wright, Mrs. R. G. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 
Wuichet, West 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wurth, Mrs. William 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, William H. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahler, Walter R. 
Zahn, Louis 
Zaiman, Dr. Solomon 



Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 

Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zischke, Herman 

Zolla, Abner M. 
Zorn, Mrs. LeRoy J. 

Berg, Sigard E. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Brand, Gustave A. 

Carroll, John H., Jr. 

Hansen, Paul 

Deceased, 1944 
Huch, Mrs. Ida 

Kimball, T. Weller 

McPherson, Donald F. 
Moskow, Joseph M. 

Northcross, Dr. James A. 

Patch, Mrs. G. M. 

Piatt, Louis S. 

Reed, Walter S. 
Rosenfels, Hugo H. 

Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Sindelar, Joseph C. 

Weber, H. J. 

Wilhelm, Frank Edward 


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