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A Trustee of the Museum since 1939, Chairman of the Building Committee, 
and a member of the Auditing, Executive, and Finance Committees 



Report of the Director 

to tin 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1945 

'ducat!on:..' w 


JANUARY, 1946 


SEP 16 1346 






List of Illustrations 7 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1945 9 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

List of Staff 12 

Report of the Director 17 

Membership 20 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 22 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 25 

Department of Anthropology 36 

Department of Botany 42 

Department of Geology 48 

Department of Zoology 53 

Public Relations 62 

Library 66 

Publications and Printing 68 

Photography and Illustration 71 

Maintenance and Construction 72 

Attendance and Door Receipts 76 

Financial Statements 78 

List of Accessions 80 

Articles of Incorporation 93 

Amended By-Laws 95 

List of Members 101 

Benefactors 103 

Honorary Members 103 

Patrons 103 

Corresponding Members 104 

Contributors 104 

Corporate Members 105 

Life Members 106 


List of Members — Continued page 

Non-Resident Life Members 107 

Associate Members 108 

Non-Resident Associate Members 123 

Sustaining Members 123 

Annual Members 124 

— 6 

List of Illustrations 



1. Albert H. Wetten 3 

2. Killer Whales in Pursuit of Seals 17 



1. Museum Visitors 21 

2. The Virginia Opossum, an Exhibit of the Harris Extension 23 

3. Children Coming to a Program Provided by the Raymond Foundation. . 25 

4. The White-tailed Fawn 26 

5. R. Magoon Barnes 28 

6. The Wandering Magpie of India 30 

7. Mourning Doves 31 

8. Pottery Goblets from Iran 37 

9. Life in an Andean Valley at the Time of the Incas 39 

10. Copper Ornaments Made by the Hopewell Indians 40 

11. A Stone Tobacco-Pipe Made by the Hopewell Indians 41 

12. The Soapworts, a Tropical and Sub-Tropical Plant Family 43 

13. Marsh Marigold 44 

14. Carvings Made from Ivory-Nut Palm Seeds 45 

15. Welwitschia 47 

16. Uranium Minerals 50, 51 

17. Quartz Crystals 52 

18. The Ocean Sunfish 55 

19. The Moonfish 55 

20. The Fruit Bat and the Cuscus; Sketches Made in the Solomon Islands by 

Corporal William J. Beecher 58 

21. Scrimshaw 59 

22. The Dance and the Theatre, Netherlands East Indies 64 

23. Terrain and Mode of Life, Netherlands East Indies 65 

24. Title Page of Early Publication (1642) on Invertebrates, by Ulisse 

Aldrovandi 67 

25. Cover Design from Leaflet, "Mummies," a Recent Museum Publication . 69 



26. Plants of the Bean Family 73 

27. Woodland Indians in Upper Great Lakes Region 79 

28. Garden Monkshood 83 

29. Pigeons §7 

30. Ptari-tepui 107 

31. Pottery Jar from Iran 114 

32. Children Coming to a Saturday Morning Program Provided by the Ray- 

mond Foundation 123 

33. Taxidermist Albert J. Franzen Preparing an Exhibit for the Harris 

Extension 127 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1945 




Stanley Field, President 

Albert A. Sprague, First Vice-President 

Silas H. Strawn, Second Vice-President 

Albert B. Dick, Jr., Third Vice-President 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 

Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

Orr Goodson,! Acting Secretary 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Charles A. McCullochJ 
William H. Mitchell 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Albert H. Wetten 
John P. Wilson 

Executive. — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, George A. Richardson, Albert A. Sprague, 
Marshall Field, Silas H. Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance. — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., Howard W. Fenton, John P. Wilson, 
Walter J. Cummings, Albert H. Wetten. 

Building.— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Charles A. McCulloch,t Joseph N. 

Auditing. — George A. Richardson, Albert H. Wetten, 
W. McCormick Blair. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell 
L. Avery. 

t Resigned April 30, 1945. 

J Resigned November 19, 1945. 

— 9 

Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane„Jr.,* 1908-1912, 


John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 

Charles A. McCulloch, 1936-1945 

* Deceased. 













Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased. 


List of Staff 









Clifford C. Gregg 


Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 
Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 
Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology 
T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

C. Martin Wilbur,* Curator, Chinese Archaeology and 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr,* Curator, North American Ethnology 

and Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 
Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

John Rinaldo,* Assistant 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 

Llewelyn Williams, Curator, Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record,! Research Associate, Wood Technology 

Robert H. Forbes, Assistant, Dendrology 

J. S. Daston, Assistant, Economic Collections 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

* On leave in the Nation's Service, 
t Resigned, 1945. 
X Deceased, 1945. 

— 12 







Bryan Patterson, Curator, Paleontology, and Acting 
Chief Curator 

Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator, Paleontology 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 
James H. Quinn,* Chief Preparator, Paleontology 
Albert A. Dahlberg,* Research Associate, Vertebrate 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Vertebrate 

Sharat K. Roy,* Curator, Geology 

Bryant Mather,* Assistant Curator, Mineralogy 

Harry E. Changnon, Assistant, Geology 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Rudyerd Boulton,* Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake,* Assistant Curator, Birds 

Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Melvin A. Traylor, Jr.,* Associate, Birds 

R. Magoon Barnes, f Curator, Birds' Eggs 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Loren P. Woods,* Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel,* Assistant Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Assistant, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 

H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 

Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 


Julius Friesser 
L. L. Pray 


Leon L. Walters 
W. E. Eigsti 
John W. Mover* 

Frank C. Wonder 
Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 
Peggy Collings Brown, Artist 

* On leave in the Nation's Service, 
t Deceased, 1945. 
X Resigned, 1945. 

— 13 




















Lillian A. Ross 

Helen A. MacMinn, Assistant 

John R. Millar, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

John Bayalis, Preparator 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
Marie B. Pabst* 
Roberta Cramer 

Paul G. Dallwig 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 
Eunice Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 
Elsey Merriam, Assistant Librarian 

Benjamin Bridge, Auditor 
Noble Stephens, Assistant Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper - 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Elizabeth Best* 
Loraine Lloyd| 

Emma Neve 

* On leave in the Nation's Service, 
t Resigned, 1945. 

— 14 








C. H. Carpenter, Photographer 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 

John Janecek,| Illustrator 

Norma Lockwood, Illustrator 

Arthur G. Rueckert 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 

W. H. Corning 

James R. Shouba, Assistant 

William E. Lake 

E. S. Abbey 

t Resigned, 1945. 
























































Annual Report 

of the Director 


To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1945. 

The resignation, on April 30, of Mr. Orr Goodson, Assistant to 
the Director, and Acting Director since May, 1942, hastened my 
return from military service by several months. Except for my 
earlier return, I deeply regret his leaving the service of this institu- 
tion. During his years at the Museum, and especially his period as 
Acting Director, he handled capably and energetically the many 
problems confronting him, with a grasp that was nothing less than 
remarkable in view of his short association with the Museum prior 
to his assumption of its direction. His genial personality endeared 
him to the staff and the public alike. He was instrumental in bring- 
ing to the Museum many new and constructive ideas. His last 
Annual Report will probably stand as a model for the format of 
such reports for years to come. 

Financial Outlook 

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, several members of 
the scientific staff, and also of the operating divisions, joined the 
armed forces. None of the positions thus vacated on the scientific 


18- — 

staff were filled. This resulted in a deplorable reduction in research 
and publications as well as a slow-down in the customary constant 
improvement of new exhibits and of exhibition technique. All 
expeditions were called in, and with the single exception of one which 
had to be undertaken, if at all, at the time of the eruption of the 
Paricutin volcano in Mexico, no new ones were authorized for the 
duration. The entire emphasis was placed on the care of the col- 
lections and furtherance of projects in which the government could 
be served. 

Likewise, the care of the building became increasingly difficult 
and this has resulted in a substantial amount of deferred mainte- 

Because of the facts stated above, the Museum has operated on 
a greatly reduced budget, and many projects planned could not be 
undertaken. As a consequence, a considerable amount of unspent 
income has accrued in the year covered by these remarks, all of which 
has been transferred to two reserve accounts: 

(1) A very necessary depreciation reserve on the Museum build- 
ing, and on its mechanical plant, which is now approximately 
twenty-eight years old, and will soon need to be replaced. 

(2) A reserve for contingencies created by the war, which will 
take care of a multitude of items that, because of the war, shortages 
of materials, etc., could not be undertaken. 

Now the year 1946 faces the Board of Trustees: 

The roof of the building, thirty years old, with an original twenty- 
year guarantee, has to be replaced; much tuck pointing of exterior 
walls has to be done; the entire interior of the building must be 
washed and painted; and many other items await attention. Many 
staff members who went into the services have returned and resumed 
their old positions, and it is hoped and expected that those still 
absent will return in the first half of 1946. 

Nearly all salaries have been increased on a broad scale, so that 
our scientific and clerical personnel may be on a parity with federal 
government employees, as well as with the staffs of universities and 
other institutions for the advancement of science and learning. 
Wages have been increased in an effort to meet as nearly as possible 
those paid by industry. 

Furthermore, all materials have increased in price. The budget 
adopted by the Trustees for the year 1946 slightly exceeds the esti- 
mated income, despite the substantial permanent increase in antici- 


pated income occasioned by the very generous Fiftieth Anniversary 
gift of 10,000 shares of Marshall Field & Company preferred stock 
and the Pittsfleld Building and land, made by Mr. Marshall Field 
in 1943. 

It becomes more and more apparent that, in order to maintain 
the enviable position it now holds, to keep its proper place in expedi- 
tionary work, add to its collections, further the advancement of 
science and knowledge, keep pace in research and publication, and 
be in a position to pay salaries that will attract to it men of eminent 
scientific attainment and learning, the Museum must be able to look 
forward to constantly increasing income. 

To get this necessary additional income, an increase in invested 
funds is essential. The Museum, therefore, must look to the many 
public-spirited and generous citizens of Chicago and the Middle 
West to help it build up its endowment. 

Anybody who reads the institution's annual reports knows that 
the income rate in the last fifteen years has shrunk, to put it con- 
servatively, fully one-half. This shrinkage in income is not peculiar 
to the Museum, but is the common experience of all endowed 

Trustees and Officers 

Before the end of the year, four of the five members of the Board 
of Trustees who had been in war service were released from the 
military forces and had again resumed their participation in the 
guidance of this institution as members of the Board (the death on 
the fighting front of the fifth Trustee in service, Brigadier-General 
Theodore Roosevelt, was regretfully noted in the 1944 report). 
The Trustees who returned are Lieutenant Colonel George A. 
Richardson, U. S. Army; Captain Lester Armour, U.S.N.R.; Com- 
mander Samuel Insull, Jr., U.S.N.R.; and Lieutenant-Commander 
Joseph N. Field, U.S.N.R. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Trustees in January, Mr. Stanley 
Field was re-elected President, and has now served his thirty-eighth 
consecutive year in that office. Re-elected also were all the other 
officers who served in the preceding year. 

Because of ill health, Mr. Charles A. McCulloch resigned from 
the Board in November. He had been a Trustee since 1936. Thus, 
at the year's end there were two vacancies on the Board, the other 
resulting from the death of General Roosevelt. 



Notwithstanding the demands on the public due to the war 
through most of 1945, and the economic uncertainties since cessation 
of hostilities, there was again an increase in the number of Museum 
Members for the year. This is a gratifying indication of interest in 
this institution. 

The number of new Members enrolled during the year amounted 
to 407; the number of Members lost through transfer, cancellation 
and death amounted to 357; the net gain thus was 50. On Decem- 
ber 31, 1945, the total number of memberships amounted to 4,520. 

The administration of the Museum wishes to express its appreci- 
ation to the many public-spirited citizens, who, as Members, have 
continued their support and thus helped make possible the continu- 
ation and expansion of the institution's scientific and educational 
work. Appreciation for their past support is expressed also to those 
Members who for various reasons found it necessary to discontinue 
their memberships. Now that victory has been won, it is hoped 
that the post-war plans of many former Members may include 
resumption of their association with this institution. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the list 
in each of the membership classifications at the end of 1945: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 10 

Patrons 22 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 144 

Corporate Members 42 

Life Members 206 

Non-Resident Life Members 15 

Associate Members 2,412 

Non-Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 7 

Annual Members 1,624 

Total Memberships 4,520 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1945 will be 
found on the pages at the end of this Report. 


There was a decrease in total attendance during 1945 as compared 
with the preceding year; however, paid attendance increased 
moderately. The total number of visitors was 1,070,678 as against 
1,264,513 in 1944; nevertheless, this total exceeded the 1943 figure 
of 1,021,289 (see graph, pp. 76, 77). 


The decrease, while disappointing, can scarcely be considered 
greatly significant, and probably may be attributed largely to public 
preoccupation with the increasing tempo of the war and its concomi- 
tant demands during the first seven and one-half months, climaxed 
by the victories in Europe and finally in Japan. A further contrib- 
uting cause, no doubt, was the wartime restriction imposed upon 
travel, since it is well known that normally a very large proportion 
of the Museum's visitors, perhaps one-half or more, come from among 
residents of other cities visiting in or passing through Chicago. 

It may as well be assumed that, in the normal course of events, a 
constant and ever-increasing attendance year after year is not to be 
expected under the law of averages; there is, no doubt, a saturation 
point which is not likely to be greatly exceeded except after major 
increases in population or special factors increasing travel in the 
region above usual proportions. 

Attendance on pay days remained, as always, only a fraction of 
the total, at 104,959, but nevertheless this was a substantial increase 
from the 1944 paid attendance of 99,752 and the 1943 attendance of 

Fig. 1. The Museum provides education and entertainment for people of 

all ages. 


77,980. This is notable in view of the fact that children and teachers, 
members of the armed forces of the United Nations, and members 
of the Museum are admitted free on all days of the week. The 
30,000,000th visitor to the present building (and 35,839,580th 
visitor in the history of the Museum) entered the institution on 
July 15. 

Large audiences attended special events at the Museum: the 
spring and autumn courses of lectures in the James Simpson Theatre ; 
the spring, summer, and autumn programs for children presented by 
the Raymond Foundation; the daily guide-lecture tours conducted 
by the Raymond Foundation for both children and adults; the Sun- 
day programs of the Layman Lecturer, Paul G. Dallwig; the special 
lectures on Backgrounds of War and Peace; a series of evening lectures 
on South America; and various special exhibits and events such as 
the Theatre presentation of Balinese dancers in connection with the 
Dutch East Indies exhibit. Further, the Museum's influence 
reached out beyond its own walls through the dissemination of 
scientific information by means of the traveling exhibits of the Harris 
Public School Extension, the extension lectures presented in the 
schools by the staff of the Raymond Foundation, and through 
the use of such media as newspapers, magazines, radio, and the 
Museum's publications. 

Harris School Extension 

Under the method of circulating portable Museum exhibits in 
the 498 Chicago schools served by the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension at the end of 1945, the more than 1,100 exhibits available 
are almost all in constant use during the ten months of the school 
year. Thus it is important that no great number be allowed to 
become obsolete. The principal efforts of the staff are governed 
by this need to maintain an adequate supply of material by preserv- 
ing the accumulated gains of former years. 

Many of the exhibits required for circulation were made by early 
techniques that have since been improved. In addition, the extreme 
conditions of light, heat, cold, and rough handling to which Harris 
Extension cases are subjected in transportation and school use have 
injured the material regardless of the care with which it was prepared. 

Schools in and beyond the limits of Chicago continue to request 
the service of the Harris Extension. All requests are weighed care- 
fully and those schools in Chicago that are best fitted to make use 
of these facilities are added to the list. Unfortunately, it is necessary 


to choose carefully because the work now being done taxes to the 
limit the financial resources of the Harris Foundation. Schools 
outside of Chicago are not eligible for service by the Harris Extension 
under the terms of the original deed of trust. 

Thirty-six exhibits were revised wholly or in part during 1945. 
Even the several exhibits that might be counted as new were an 

m% m 

Fig. 2. The Virginia opossum, an exhibit prepared by Harris Extension. 
The realism of this exhibit has been increased by the addition of a painted 

outgrowth of the effort to save and improve older installations. 
Exemplifying this are the three duplicate exhibits prepared on the 
subject of sunfishes. Each contains models of six kinds of sunfishes, 
which were brought together for use in the tenth grade to illustrate 
the relationship between some common fishes, such as blue gills, 
crappies, and the black basses that are popular with anglers. Most 
of the models of fish in these exhibits are new, but others were 
previously installed in separate cases with individual titles. The 
other exhibits in the list of revisions were handled similarly. New 
backgrounds, new models, new arrangements of old material, or all 
three were applied to older exhibits to obtain better appearance, 
durability, or teaching effectiveness. 

A collection of birds' eggs numbering 289 specimens was received 
from Mr. A. R. Atkinson, of Wilmette, Illinois. Mrs. Francis T. 


Junkin, of Chicago, gave a collection of eighty-four mounted birds, 
one of which was a good specimen of passenger pigeon. An exhibit 
on the subject, centering around this specimen, was nearing com- 
pletion in December. Various other birds and small mammals were 
prepared and added to reserve collections. 

The wartime schedule for the circulation of exhibits in schools 
was retained for the entire year despite the removal of governmental 
restrictions on gasoline consumption prior to the opening of schools 
in September. Under this schedule, each school participating in the 
service for the entire year received twenty-six exhibits during the 
period. Special loans of cases or material, or both, were made on 
ten occasions, and long-term loans of mounted birds without cases 
were made to five public school classes for blind children so that the 
pupils, by sense of touch, may get some idea of the form and external 
structure of birds. 

Three cases were stolen, and sixty-six cases were reported as 
damaged, two of them by fire, while in schools. The stolen cases 
have not been recovered. Repairs were made on a total of 362 cases. 

Layman Lectures 

During seven months of the year — January, March through 
May, and October through December, a total of 30 Sundays — Mr. 
Paul G. Dallwig, volunteer member of the Museum's staff as the 
Layman Lecturer, continued the Sunday afternoon presentations 
inaugurated by him in 1937. 

This was the heaviest season Mr. Dallwig has yet undertaken, 
and he spoke before audiences aggregating a peak attendance of 
4,097, bringing to 26,900 the grand total of those who have attended 
his lectures since the first one on October 3, 1937. 

Mr. Dallwig, by popular demand, repeated some of the lectures 
which have been most successful in previous years, and also added 
two new lectures. He offers a different subject in each month of the 

Most of the lectures are now given in the Lecture Hall, with a 
social half hour in the exhibition halls pertaining to the subject 
matter lectured about on the particular Sunday. Wherever part 
of the lecture was given in the exhibition halls, special platforms 
were placed therein so as to elevate the speaker, thus making it 
possible to accommodate larger audiences. 

The Museum has had publicity benefits also from the fact that 
Mr. Dallwig has continued to lecture, both in and out of Chicago, 
on subjects associated with Museum activities. 


Raymond Foundation 

The Raymond Foundation in 1945 continued to present lectures, 
tours, motion picture programs, and stories to groups of children 
in the schools and both adults and children who came to the 
Museum (Figs. 3, 32). 

War restrictions on transportation reduced the group attendance 
at Museum lectures and tours during a large part of the year. 

Fig. 3. Children coming to the Saturday morning motion picture program 
provided by the Raymond Foundation. 

A third series of weekly radio broadcasts on "Places and People" 
was presented in conjunction with the Radio Council of the Chicago 
Public Schools. This series, related to progress of the war, stressed 
the Far East: Philippines, Burma, China, India, Java, Thailand, 
and Japan. The introductory program was given by Acting Director 
Orr Goodson, the concluding program by Director-Gregg, and all 
others by Mr. John R. Millar. 

Two new extension lectures were offered to the Chicago schools: 
"Indians of the Chicago Region" and "Tropical Islands." 


The Museum Stories, published weekly in connection with the 
spring and fall series of motion pictures, were written to form two 
groups of related stories. The spring series contained eight brief 
sketches of the young of animals (Fig. 4); the fall series eight about 
Indians of the Chicago region. 

Following is a summary of the Foundation's various activities 
in 1945, with attendance figures: 

Within the Museum: 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 360 11 ,602 

Radio follow-up programs 8 1 ,103 

Lectures preceding tours 21 2 , 578 

Motion picture programs 48 29,813 

Total 437 45,096 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 367 5,879 

Lectures on Backgrounds of War and 

Peace 6 1,651 

Total 373 7 , 530 


'ViW? J 4 r. 

?V '«!: AW J%t 

Fig. 4. The white-tailed fawn. A detail 

from the cover design for the spring series 

of Museum Stories, "The Young of 



Extension Activities: 

Extension lectures 146 49 ,740 

Total 146 49,740 

Totals for Raymond Foundation Activities 956 102,366 

Activities in Which Raymond Foundation Participated 

Adult (foreign-born) Commencement for 

public schools 1 700 

Special program for members 1 900 

Saturday afternoon free lecture courses for 

adults 16 10,833 

Total 18 12,433 

Total, Raymond Foundation and related general activities 

of Museum 974 114,799 


Before detailing the gifts received in 1945, attention is called to 
the contributions in 1944 of Mr. Haddon H. MacLean, Evanston, 
Illinois, of which mention was inadvertently omitted from the Report 
for that year. Mr. MacLean gave $1,000 to the Museum general 
funds and $500 to the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, which 
with his gift in 1943 make a total of $2,500 he has contributed. 

In 1945, the Museum received an additional $30,530.92 from the 
estate of Martin A. Ryerson, bringing the total contributions from 
that source to $257,486.87, exclusive of an additional $348,314.10 
received in previous years from the estate of Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson. 

From Mr. Stanley Field, its President, the Museum received a 
contribution of $20,000. 

The sum of $10,666.67 was received from the estate of Mrs. 
William J. Chalmers, making a total of $33,085.12 from her bequest. 

Mr. Rush Watkins, of Chicago, contributed $9,000. In recogni- 
tion of his gift the Trustees have elected him a Contributor (special 
membership classification including all persons who give or devise 
between $1,000 and $100,000 in cash or materials; names of Con- 
tributors are enrolled on an honor list in perpetuity). 

Mr. William Street, until recently of Chicago and now of Seattle, 
gave $8,000. He was elected a Contributor. 

From the estate of the late Frederick T. Haskell the Museum 
received $4,987.60, which with previous sums brings his total gifts 
to $5,987.60. 

The L. A. Dreyfus Company, of New York, contributed $2,000. 


Mrs. Broadus James Clarke, of Chicago, established a fund of 
$2,000 in memory of her late husband, and in recognition was 
elected a Contributor. 

Mr. Elmer J. Richards, of Chicago, gave $1,000 for the purchase 
of botanical specimens, and was elected a Contributor. 

Mr. Boardman Conover, of Chicago, a Trustee of the Museum, 
contributed $1,342.21. 

Fig. 5. R. Magoon Barnes, 
who bequeathed to the Museum 
one of the largest and finest coh 
lections of birds' eggs in existence. 

Other cash gifts in various denominations were received from 
Mr. Peder A. Christensen, of St. Louis, Missouri; Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, 
of Chicago, and others. 

In recognition of important gifts of material added to the col- 
lections of the Museum, the following were elected Contributors: 
the late R. Magoon Barnes, Lacon, Illinois (posthumously elected); 
Dr. Ruth Marshall, Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin; and Dr. Julian A. 
Steyermark, Barrington, Illinois. Mr. Barnes, who died July 18, 
bequeathed to the Museum his collection of nearly 40,000 specimens 
of birds' eggs, one of the largest and finest in existence. Dr. Marshall 
presented a comprehensive collection of water mites, highly impor- 
tant in scientific research. In addition to becoming a Contributor, 
she was appointed Research Associate in the Division of Insects. 
Dr. Steyermark presented 14,000 plants collected in Ecuador and 
Venezuela while on leave of absence from his Museum post as 
Assistant Curator of the Herbarium. He had been engaged for 
several years in wartime projects as an agent of the government's 
Foreign Economic Administration. 

Mr. Stuart H. Perry, of Adrian, Michigan, elected a Contributor 
in 1944 in recognition of earlier gifts, made important additions to 
his contributions of geological material in 1945. Mr. Allen Sin- 


sheimer, of Chicago, presented a valuable collection of books on 
costume, dress, and manners of many peoples. 

Other collections of material were received during the year, some 
from donors of cash gifts already listed and many from other persons 
and institutions in various parts of this and other countries. A 
complete list of these appears elsewhere in this report. 

In recognition of his eminent services — a most valuable contri- 
bution to the Museum — the Trustees elected Mr. Clay Judson, 
of Chicago, a Patron of the institution. 

The Chicago Park District turned over to the Museum 
$125,879.65, as its share of taxes levied to aid in the support of 
several museums under an act of the state legislature. 


With the exception of a few field trips by members of various 
departments, the wartime policy of suspension of expeditions was 
continued through 1945. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, conducted a field 
trip to the Cretaceous beds in Alabama and collected some impor- 
tant specimens; Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, 
made some collections in Texas and the Mexican state of Coahuila; 
and incidental field work (concurrent with their duties while on leave 
from the Museum as agents of the United States government's 
Foreign Economic Administration) was conducted in Venezuela by 
Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, and 
Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany. 

But with the end of the war, plans were drawn up for a resump- 
tion of exploration on a broad scale, beginning early in 1946. The 
continued expansion of the Museum in exhibits, in study collections 
and in scientific research is mainly dependent upon such a program, 
and it is hoped that more and more activity of this type may be 
maintained in the years to come. Expeditions planned for next 
year include: 

Archaeological Expedition to Peru; in charge of Mr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology. 

Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest; in charge of Dr. 
Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology. 

Botanical Expedition to Nicaragua, Honduras, and Salvador; in 
charge of Mr. Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium. 

Paleontological Expedition to Wyoming; in charge of Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles. 


Paleontological Expedition to the Southwest; in charge of Dr. 
Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, and Mr. 
Orville Gilpin, Preparator. 



Fig. 6. Plate 6 in "A Century of Birds from the 
Himalaya Mountains," by John Gould (1804-81). 
The great series of bird illustrations in the works of 
John Gould were drawn by him and colored by his 
wife, Elizabeth Gould. This lithograph was one of a 
series of illustrations used in a Museum exhibit show- 
ing the development of bird prints from 1555 down 
to the present time. 

Zoological Expedition to Peru; in charge of Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, 
Curator of Mammals. The expedition will continue the survey 
begun by expeditions in 1939 and 1941. 

Zoological Expedition to the Celebes Islands; in charge of Cap- 
tain Harry Hoogstraal upon his release from the United States Army 
Sanitary Corps in the Philippines. 

Zoological Expedition to Texas and Mexico; in charge of Mr. 
Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology. 

Zoological Expedition to Puget Sound; in charge of Dr. Fritz 
Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, and Mr. Joseph Krstolich, 

Zoological Expedition to Trinidad ; in charge of Staff Taxidermist 
Frank C. Wonder. 


New Exhibits 

Additions to the exhibits during the year were notable, especially 
considering the continuing difficulties presented by wartime short- 
ages of materials and the fact that many members of the staff were 
absent in war service. The outstanding accomplishment was the 
completion and opening of the new Hall of Whales (Hall N-l). The 


Fig. 7. Plate 17 in "Birds of America/' by James Audubon (1785-1851), who 
introduced the custom of painting birds with appropriate accessories and in varied 
postures. (Part of temporary exhibit showing development of bird prints.) 


principal other additions to the zoological exhibits were the screens 
illustrating artificial and natural selection among pigeons (Hall 21), 
and several models of strikingly unusual, rare, and large fishes in 
Hall 0. The Department of Anthropology installed a new diorama 
of an Inca village, as well as a number of other cases in the Hall of 
New World Archaeology (Hall B). The Department of Geology 
installed in Stanley Field Hall a case of material pertaining to the 
atomic bomb, and this exhibit attracted a great deal of attention. 
A few additions were made to the Department of Botany. 

Special temporary exhibits included one of ancient Persian 
jewelry and ornamental objects, part of a large collection recently 
acquired by the Museum; an exhibit illustrating all phases of life 
in the Netherlands East Indies and prepared in collaboration with 
representatives of the government of that country; and an exhibit 
of famous color prints of birds by Audubon and other artists, 
arranged by Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, Associate, Birds. 


The writer was released from Army service and returned to his 
post as Director of the Museum on May 12, as early as possible 
after the resignation, already alluded to, of Acting Director Orr 
Goodson on April 30. 

The close of hostilities brought back to the Museum some of the 
personnel who had been absent in the service of the government. 

Those who returned are: 

Corp. William J. Beecher, U. S. Army; Assistant, Harris Extension 

T/5 D. Dwight Davis, U. S. Army; Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 

S/Sgt. Henry S. Dybas, U. S. Army; Assistant, Insects 

Morris Johnson, Carpenter's Mate 1/c, U.S.N.R.; Carpenter 

John McGinnis, Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S.C.G.; Guard 

Sgt. Bryan Patterson, U. S. Army; Curator, Paleontology 

Nicholas Repar, Aviation Machinist's Mate 1/c, U.S.N.R.; Printer 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, field work, Foreign Economic Administration; 

Assistant Curator, Herbarium 
Llewelyn Williams, field work, Foreign Economic Administration; Curator, 

Economic Botany 

A few new employees were appointed during the year. Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl was added to the staff of the Department of Geology 
as Curator of Fossil Reptiles; Mr. Robert Forbes was appointed as 
an Assistant in the Department of Botany; Miss Norma Lockwood 
was appointed as Staff Illustrator; and Mrs. Helen A. MacMinn 
was employed as Assistant to the Associate Editor. 

Dr. Fred A. Barkley was employed for eight months as a taxono- 
mist in the Department of Botany. Mr. Bert E. Grove, former 


guide-lecturer on the Raymond Foundation staff, assisted in the 
summer work on a temporary appointment. 

Miss Marion G. Gordon, Assistant Registrar, was promoted to 
the position of Registrar. Mrs. Peggy Collings Brown was promoted 
from Assistant in the Department of Zoology to Department Artist. 

Mr. Julius Friesser, Taxidermist, was granted leave of absence 
during the last seven months of the year. 

Two new Research Associates were appointed: Dr. Everett C. 
Olson, Professor of Paleontology at the University of Chicago, in 
the Division of Vertebrate Paleontology; and Dr. Ruth Marshall, 
sole member of a new Division of Arachnids. Research Associate 
appointments are honorary, carrying no salary; they are based upon 
scientific accomplishments. 

The following members of the staff resigned during the year: 
Mr. C. J. Albrecht, Taxidermist; Mr. John J. Janecek, Staff Illus- 
trator; Miss Lorraine Lloyd and Miss Velma Whipple, guide- 
lecturers; and Mr. Robert Yule, preparator in the Department of 

The death of two members of the staff is recorded with sincere 
regret: Professor Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood 
Technology; and Mr. R. Magoon Barnes, Curator (honorary), 
Birds' Eggs. 

Mr. George Jahrand, a Museum guard, died while serving as a 
Chief Machinist with the Navy. 

The only retirement was that of Mrs. Teresa Jurick of the 
maintenance force. 

Special Staff Activities 

Activities of various members of the Museum staff outside the 
institution were of value to their work in this institution as well as 
to themselves. Because of restrictions on travel, these activities 
were considerably curtailed in 1945. 

Mr. John R. Millar, Curator of the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension, represented the Museum in Cleveland at the Midwest 
Museums Conference of the American Association of Museums. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of the Department of Botany, 
did some plant collecting in Florida and in the Great Smokies of 
North Carolina and Tennessee while on a vacation trip. 

Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
on leave of absence in California, obtained collections of cryptogams 
for the Museum. 


Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of the Department of 
Zoology, collected interesting forms of mammals for addition to 
the Museum collections while on a trip to northeastern Mexico. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of the Department of 
Zoology, presented several lectures before classes in the Department 
of Zoology of the University of Chicago. He also continued his 
activities as editor of Copeia, Biological Abstracts, and the American 
Midland Naturalist. 

Dr. Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, made 
three study trips to groups of museums: one to those in Texas, 
Kansas, and Oklahoma; one to leading institutions in New York, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts; and one to Nebraska, 
Colorado, and California. On these trips he made studies at all 
museums having collections pertaining to fossil horses, on which he 
is conducting intensive research. He also obtained casts of all 
specimens of fossil horses in these institutions. 

Volunteer Workers 

For many years, volunteer workers have been helpful in the 
operation of the Museum, assuming tasks which in many instances 
require a high degree of tedious application, close attention, and 
painstaking care. During the last year, due to the absence of many 
members of the staff, the volunteer workers were practically indis- 
pensable, and in many instances carried on the necessary activities 
in their divisions of the Museum with little or no assistance from the 
regular personnel. Especially noteworthy has been the work of Mrs. 
Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes, who conducted all the activity of 
her division in the absence of regular personnel; likewise, tribute is 
due to Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, Associate, Birds, for similarly 
carrying on, alone, the work of her division. Not only did these 
Associates perform routine duties, but they conducted independent 
studies and participated in the exhibition program of the Museum. 

The names of some of the volunteers appear in the List of the 
Staff at the beginning of this Report, where they may be distin- 
guished from salaried workers by the titles "Research Associate" 
and "Associate." The title "Layman Lecturer," applied to Mr. 
Paul G. Dallwig in this list, designates another volunteer whose 
unique contribution to the service of the Museum is reported upon 

In addition to those whose names are thus listed, the following 
volunteers are extended grateful acknowledgment for valuable 
services rendered to the Museum: Department of Anthropology: 


Mrs. Harold Florsheim, Mrs. Rose Miller, Mr. Eugene Wartenberg, 
and Mrs. E. M. Tourtelot; Department of Botany: Mr. William A. 
Daily, Dr. Harry K. Phinney, Miss Grace E. Scharf, Mr. Donald 
Richards, Mr. Harold B. Louderback; Department of Zoology: Mrs. 
John Morrow, Dr. Oscar Neumann, Miss Kathleen Jessee, Mrs. 
Marjorie Falk, Mrs. Sarah H. Pope. 

University Co-operation 

During the year, the Museum concluded co-operative arrange- 
ments with the University of Chicago and with Northwestern 
University which should prove of great value to both the Museum 
and the universities. The arrangements will permit a greater use 
of the Museum's collections and better facilities for the teaching of 
natural science by the universities. The plans have already been 
partly placed in effect. Certain reciprocal staff appointments have 
been made, and continuing studies are being made to co-ordinate 
further the work of these institutions in fields of mutual interest. 

In the Department of Anthropology, classes in museology from 
the University of Chicago are being held twice a week from October 
to June under the direction of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, 
and Curators Donald Collier and George I. Quimby, all of whom 
have been appointed to the university faculty. Also, Miss Berenice 
Kaplan is working in the department on a fellowship from the 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, has been 
appointed to the faculty of Northwestern University and is super- 
vising the studies in the Department of Botany of Northwestern 
graduate students. 

In the Department of Geology, Curator Bryan Patterson and 
Dr. Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator, have been appointed 
lecturers on the University of Chicago faculty. Classes in verte- 
brate paleontology now meet in the Museum where the university's 
teaching collection is housed. Continuity in teaching is provided 
by Dr. Everett C. Olson of the university, who has reciprocally been 
appointed as a Research Associate on the Museum staff. 

The Book Shop 

Although the Annual Report for the year 1944 recorded the 
breaking of "all previous sales records," I am happy to report a 
gain in sales during 1945 of 18.4 per cent above the previous year. 
While it is difficult to attribute this increase to any one factor, it 

>36 — 

becomes apparent that persons interested in the subjects covered 
by this institution are turning more and more to the Museum Book 
Shop as a source of authentic published information. It is note- 
worthy that the increase was not due to any seasonal upswing but 
was recorded in every single month throughout the year. As 
additional new titles become available, the need for more space has 
become apparent, and plans are under way to increase the facilities 
of the Book Shop early in 1946. 


A special series of radio broadcasts was conducted by means of 
portable equipment brought into various Museum exhibition halls. 
These were question-and-answer programs devised by Miss Martha 
Goudy of the Prairie Farmer Station, WLS. Groups of school 
children were brought into the halls and they questioned partici- 
pating staff members on a variety of subjects in connection with the 
exhibits. The staff representatives were Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, 
Curator Emeritus, Zoology; Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator, 
Zoology; Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, Associate, Birds; and Mr. 
Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology. 

Various changes occurred as the direct result of the end of the 
war. In James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Hall (Hall 4) 
a special exhibit illustrated the modes of life of peoples of the Pacific 
Islands frequently headlined in the war news. This exhibit was 
removed, and the permanent exhibits were reinstalled. The flag of 
the Museum was also restored to its position at the north of the 

Department of Anthropology 


In January the Museum published Mummies, an anthropology 
leaflet by Mr. Richard A. Martin, Curator of Near Eastern Archae- 
ology. The subject is a very popular one with Museum visitors, 
and Mr. Martin's account of the mummification process and of the 
rites that accompanied it attracted much attention. The leaflet is 
illustrated with line drawings copied by Mr. Martin from paintings 
in tombs and temples and illustrations in papyri. These have been 
reproduced in the leaflet in two colors. Thus, the quaint and realis- 
tic art of the ancient Egyptians fittingly illustrates some of the 
processes of mummification and the attendant rites. 


During the year, the Museum purchased a unique collection of 
archaeological objects secured in Iran during the past thirty years 
by Dr. Ernst Herzfeld, of the Institute for Advanced Study at 
Princeton University. The collection includes pottery, personal 
ornaments of stone, bronze and gold, horse trappings, and weapons 
of bronze. Mr. Richard Martin has started research on this collec- 
tion. Some of the objects will soon be on exhibition (Figs. 8, 31). 

Fig. 8. Pottery goblets (ca. 1400 B.C.), from Tepe Giyan, Iran. Decorated 
with painted figures of stylized birds and plants in rectangular hachured panels. 
(Herzfeld Purchase.) 

A general publication on North American Archaeology was in 
preparation during the year by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, 
Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and 
Archaeology, and Mr. George I. Quimby, Curator of Anthropological 
Exhibits. This book will be published by the University of Chicago 
Press and will probably be available by the summer of 1946. 

Dr. Martin and Curators Collier and Quimby continued their 
research for new exhibits in the Hall of Archaeology of the New 
World (Hall B). Curator Quimby continued the planning of new 
exhibits for this hall, and in collaboration with Artist Gustaf Dal- 
strom and others, five new exhibits were completed, and three more 
roughed out. 


A report on Craniometry of Ambrym Island, by Dr. Wilfrid D. 
Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, is now in the Museum 
Press. This publication deals with people of the New Hebrides. 

Other original work in craniometry has been completed by Dr. 
Hambly, embracing a thorough study of the cranial capacities of 
many peoples. Various methods have been adopted for measuring 
this capacity, and the investigation carried out in the Museum 
laboratory has included the direct measurement of the capacities of 
429 Melanesian skulls collected by the late Dr. Albert B. Lewis, 
former Curator of Melanesian Ethnology, when he was leader of the 
Joseph N. Field South Pacific Expedition of 1909-13. The method 
favored was that of filling the skull with fine mustard seed, weighing 
the seed, and calculating the capacity. The results so obtained were 
checked by use of a formula for calculating the capacity of a group 
of skulls from the average dimensions of length, breadth, and height. 
As far as Dr. Hambly can determine, this formula will apply not 
only to Negro skulls, for which it was first invented and used, but 
to Melanesian crania as well. An attempt is being made to correct 
the formula for use in calculating the capacities of skulls other than 
Negro and Melanesian. 

In this research, a careful survey of the appropriate literature 
has been made, and the cranial capacities found by different methods 
have been compared with those obtained in the Museum laboratory. 
Work has been continued in the measuring of a rare collection of 
artificially deformed skulls from the New Hebrides group, with 
special reference to the effects of infantile deformation on skull 
measurements of adults. 

Dr. Hambly has begun measurement of a group of Blackfoot 
Indian skulls that are a small part of a valuable collection of North 
American Indian crania which have long been in storage in the 

A minor research project has been the making of colored maps 
and ethnological pictures for the Hall of African Ethnology (Hall D). 

Pottery from the Aleutian Islands, a short article by Curator 
Quimby, was published by the Museum in September. It appeared 
in Fieldiana: Anthropology (Vol. 36, No. 1). He also wrote several 
articles for the Museum Bulletin. A brief paper entitled The Sadiron 
Lamp of Kamchatka as a Clue to the Chronology of Aleut Prehistory 
was accepted for publication by American Antiquity. Mr. Quimby 
wrote another short paper, Natchez Social Structure as an Instrument 
of Assimilation, which was accepted for publication by the American 

39- — 

A reprint of People of the South Pacific, a handbook on Melanesia, 
was released by the Museum Press. This popular work was written 
by the late Dr. Albert B. Lewis in 1932 and had been out of print 
several years. The present reissue was edited by Dr. Hambly and 
two appendixes were added by him to complement the research 
that was done by Dr. Lewis, in connection with the Field South 
Pacific Expedition of 1909-13. 

In addition to his extensive research for the general publication on 
North American Archaeology being written in collaboration with 
Dr. Martin and Mr. Quimby, Curator Collier prepared a general 
article on Inca civilization and history for the Museum Bulletin. 
This was published in conjunction with the installation of the Inca 
diorama in the Hall of Archaeology of the New World. He also 
wrote a technical article entitled Conjuring Among the Kiowa, 
which was published in Primitive Man. The article is concerned 
with the "shaking tent" ceremony, a ritual performed for divination 
purposes. A comparison of the Kiowa ceremony with similar cere- 

Fig. 9. A diorama in Hall B showing life in an Andean valley at the time 
of the Incas. On the irrigated terraces the Indians are cultivating corn, squash, 
and beans. After crossing the suspension bridge, two llama drivers have paused 
at the house before proceeding with their pack train to the village market. 

40 — 

monies of the other Plains tribes furnished evidence that the Kiowa 
Indians, who lived in Oklahoma in the nineteenth century, formerly 
lived in the northwestern plains, probably in Montana. During 
the year, Curator Collier served as associate editor of the Bulletin of 

Fig. 10. Ornaments of sheet cop- 
per made by the Hopewell Indi- 
ans of Ohio. Time about A.D. 
1100-1400 (Hall B). 

the Chicago Anthropological Society, and wrote numerous articles and 
reviews for it. 

In addition to articles for the Museum Bulletin already noted, 
others were contributed by Dr. Martin and Dr. Hambly. The 
article on Applied Anthropology, which appeared in the January- 
February issue, brought a request for an extra run of 200 copies from 
a large industrial organization which distributed them to key 
personnel in the employee relations field. 

Dr. Martin and Curators Collier and Quimby continued to give 
instruction in museology to graduate students of the University of 

Installations and Rearrangements— Anthropology 

Five new exhibits were prepared by Curator Quimby, assisted by 
Artist Dalstrom, Chief Curator Martin, and Curator Collier. They 
are as follows: 

(1) Hopewell Sculpture. — Objects carved from bone, fossil 
ivory, cannel coal, and stone, by the Hopewell Indians who lived in 
Ohio from about A.D. 1100 to 1400 (Figs. 10, 11). 


(2) Hopewell Burial Ceremonies. — Elaborate rituals attending 
death and burial of Hopewell Indians of Ohio (A.D. 1100 1400) are 
illustrated. A display of materials, buried with the dead for use in 
the Spirit World, is included. 

(3) Indians of the Upper Great Lakes Region. — The story of 
these Indians is illustrated by an exhibit stressing the dichotomy of 
their lives (A.D. 1400 1700). In summer, they lived together in small 
villages and farmed and hunted. In winter, they separated into 
family hunting groups. These two different modes of life are well 
portrayed by means of two small dioramas which are part of the 
screen. These dioramas, the work of Artist Dalstrom, are stylized 
in three dimensions (Fig. 27). 

(4) Woodland Indians of the Great Lakes Region. — These 
tribes (A.D. 1100-1400) were culturally related to the Hopewell 
Indians of Ohio. They may have farmed and they certainly hunted 
and gathered wild foods. The dead were buried in mounds, the most 
spectacular of which were "effigy" mounds. 

(5) Eskimo Art. — The purpose of this display is to show how 
Eskimo art has changed during a period of 2,000 years. A special 
feature is the illustration of phases of Eskimo life (hunting in kayaks, 
traveling by dog sledges) by means of miniature Eskimo objects 
carved in ivory and stone — kayaks, Eskimos, dogs, sledges, ducks, 
and seals. 

Fig. 11. A stone tobacco 
pipe in the form of a duck 
on top of a fish. Made by 
the Hopewell Indians of 
Ohio. Time about A.D. 
1100-1400 I Hall B). 

The civilization of the Inca Indians is the subject of a diorama 
installed in the Hall of Archaeology of the New World. The diorama 
shows in miniature the agricultural terraces, irrigation ditches, a 
suspension bridge, houses, a fortress, llamas and their drivers, and 
other features of the every-day life of these Indians shortly before 
they were discovered by the Spaniards. The diorama was con- 
structed by Artist Lee Rowell under the direction of Curator 
Donald Collier (Fig. 9). 


Mr. Richard Martin installed two new cases containing Roman 
antiquities and one new case of Etruscan pottery in Edward E. and 
Emma B. Ayer Hall (Hall 2). 

Department of Botany 

Expeditions and Research 

During 1945 the Curator of the Herbarium, Mr. Paul C. Standley, 
and the Assistant Curator, Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, finished 
determination of the Guatemalan collections obtained by four 
Museum expeditions, and manuscript for the Flora of Guatemala 
was completed. This work is now in press. Guatemala has the 
largest flora of all the Central American countries, and this Flora 
will be found useful also for other Central American countries such 
as Honduras, Salvador, and Nicaragua, as well as for the bordering 
states of southern Mexico. The present Flora includes all plants 
known from British Honduras, which floristically is about identical 
with northern Guatemala. 

Much time was devoted to determination of series of Central 
American plants, especially one of 3,500 specimens from the moun- 
tains of Honduras, collected by Professor Juvenal Valerio R., of 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Critical determinations were made of a 
large number of plants from South America, chiefly in the madder 
(Rubiaceae) and mulberry (Moraceae) families. 

Dr. Steyermark continued in Venezuela the field work described 
in last year's report. Nearly four months were spent on a joint 
expedition sponsored by the Museum and the Venezuelan Ministry 
of Agriculture. Extensive collections were made from the coastal 
cordillera in the states of Sucre, Monagas, and Anzoategui, including 
the ascent of the three peaks of Cerro Turumiquire and re-collecting 
in the area between Caripe and Cumana, first known botanically 
through the travels of Humboldt and Bonpland, but in large part 
not revisited since their travels 140 years ago. About 6,000 speci- 
mens were collected for the Museum on this trip and it is certain 
that many species previously unknown to science will be found 
among them. Duplicates of these collections were deposited with 
the herbarium of the Servicio Botanico in Caracas. After returning 
to the Museum in July, Dr. Steyermark began to assemble his 
collections for labeling and mounting. 


Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
on leave of absence in California, reports progress on a new part of 
his Flora of Peru. 

Dr. E. E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
concluded during the year an extended study of the American and 
allied Polynesian forms of Dodonaea and resumed his study of the 

Fig. 12. An exhibit illustrating the plant structure and economic value of the 
soapvvorts, a tropical and sub-tropical family closely related to the horse-chestnuts 
(Hall 29). 

genus Dahlia. He made two trips to Altdorf Island in the Kankakee 
River and two to Peter's Mountain in Virginia to study the rare 
hollyhock-like Kankakee mallow and its montane variety. He 
also published a revision of Schiedeana and additions to Dodonaea 
in botanical journals. 

Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany, returned 
to the Museum after several years of field work in Venezuela, first 
on a joint Museum-Venezuelan government expedition for botanical 


exploration of the upper Orinoco River, later in the service of the 
Board of Economic Warfare and United States Rubber Develop- 
ment Corporation. His first care on his return was the organization 
for labeling and mounting of the extensive collections of herbarium 
specimens obtained by him in 1941 42 in the upper Orinoco and 
Guiana region. 

The Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, in 
collaboration with Mr. William A. Daily of Butler University, 
continued monographic work during 1945 on the non-filamentous 

Fig. 13. The marsh marigold, 
a typical plant of the butter- 
cup family, reproduced in 
plastic and recently added to 
the botanical exhibits in 
Hall 29. 

Myxophyceae. This involved visits to the herbaria and libraries 
of the Missouri Botanical Garden, University of Michigan, and 
University of Notre Dame. Dr. Hanford Tiffany, Research Associ- 
ate in Cryptogamic Botany, pursued further research on the algal 
flora of Illinois. Dr. Harry K. Phinney of Northwestern University 
spent the first ten months of the year in completing his studies in 
the cryptogamic herbarium on the Cladophoraceae. Miss Grace E. 
Scharf, graduate student at Northwestern University, initiated 
research intended to result in a revision of the Microsporaceae. Mr. 
Donald Richards, volunteer assistant, worked with the collections of 

For more than half the year Dr. Fred A. Barkley of the Depart- 
ment of Botany, University of Texas, was employed in the her- 


barium of the Museum, where he did a great deal of very valuable 
work. Among other things, he arranged the historic Sesse - and 
Mocino Herbarium of Mexican plants, now on loan at the Museum, 
and identified critically many plants of the family Anacardiaceae 
(cashew family), upon which he is conducting monographic studies. 
In 1945, the Department of Botany received 230 accessions, 
consisting of material for the economic collections and for the exhibits 
and herbaria. Of these, 25,476 were received as gifts; 7,637 were 
exchanges; 11,023 were collected by expeditions; 601 were purchases; 
and 47 were transferred from the Division of Photography, a total 
of 44,784 items. 

The total number of specimens incorporated in the herbaria and 
other organized collections at the end of 1945 was 1,159,944. During 
the year, there were added to the herbaria 18,374 sheets of specimens 
and photographs of plants, besides a small number of typewritten 
descriptions of new species. Of the total receipts for the year, 
44,598 consisted of plant specimens and photographs for the herbaria. 
Outstanding among the additions to the phanerogamic herbarium 
from foreign institutions were 3,500 Honduran specimens from the 
Escuela Agricola Panamericana, Tegucigalpa, Honduras, which 

Fig. 14. Fanciful carvings made in South America from the seeds of the ivory- 
nut palm. These seeds, under the trade name of vegetable ivory, are commonly 
used in making buttons (Hall 25 I. 


were presented through Dr. Wilson Popenoe and the collector, 
Professor Juvenal Valerio Rodriguez; and 2,337 specimens sent in 
exchange by the Instituto Miguel Lillo of the Universidad de 
Tucuman, Tucuman, Argentina. From the Department of Botany 
of the University of Chicago, there was received as a gift the cycad 
herbarium formed by the late Professor Charles J. Chamberlain, 
which was accompanied by a large number of negatives of plants 
of this family. 

More than 6,000 specimens of cryptogams were received during 
1945, in addition to those from Museum expeditions. Of these, 
almost 2,000 came as exchanges from other herbaria. The remainder 
were gifts, including 1,120 bryophytes from Mr. Donald Richards, 
Chicago; 510 cryptogams from Mr. Lawrence J. King, Wooster, 
Ohio; and 315 algae from Dr. Walter Kiener of the University of 
Nebraska. There were 9,153 cryptogams mounted and filed in the 
cryptogamic herbarium during the year. Further progress was made 
toward completing the repackaging of the fungi. Large numbers of 
duplicate specimens to be sent in exchanges to other institutions, 
were prepared. Considerable aid was received in this work from 
Mr. Richards, Dr. Harry K. Phinney, and Mr. Harold B. Louder- 
back, of the Argo (Illinois) Community High School. By co-opera- 
tive arrangement, 2,745 cryptogams, chiefly derived from the private 
herbaria of Storrow Higginson and L. N. Johnson, were received on 
permanent loan from Northwestern University and were mounted 
and filed in the cryptogamic herbarium. 

During 1945 the Department distributed as exchanges 3,401 
herbarium specimens, besides two sendings of wood specimens and 
economic material. There were also distributed by sale and exchange 
7,566 photographic prints from the negatives of type specimens of 
plants made in European herbaria by Associate Curator Macbride. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Botany 

Few changes or additions were made during the year in exhibits 
of the Department of Botany. The shallow exhibition cases designed 
in the early years of the Museum for display of essentially two- 
dimensional objects such as mats, textiles, planks, tall, narrow 
glass jars, and the like, are gradually being changed to accommodate 
exhibits requiring more ample depth. More than half a dozen of 
these have been rebuilt, refinished and reinstalled, and have made 
possible some improvement in the sequence and arrangement in 
Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life). 


The vascular cryptogams have thus been brought together in 
one alcove, and the gymnosperms in another larger one where the 
various groups included, from extinct seed ferns to living conifers, 
may be seen at a glance. Two new installations in this alcove have 

Fig. 15. Welwitschia is a unique African plant bearing only two leaves, 
which continue to grow throughout the life of the plant. This model is being 
assembled by Mr. Emil Sella for installation in a proposed new habitat group for 
the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29). 

been made within the year, viz. the Cycadeoids and (in anticipation 
of the habitat group under way) Welwitschia (Fig. 15). The similar- 
ity of structure of the latter to that of Gnetum and the conifers is 
thus indicated in the synoptic exhibits. 

There are still many vacant spaces in the hall. Some of these 
have been reserved for common northern flowering plants, and one 
of the two preparators in the department, Mr. Milton Copulos, 
with occasional aid from Mr. Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, has been 
engaged throughout the year in an effort to supply the deficiency 


with reproductions in plastics of plants like the marsh marigold 
(Fig. 13), aconite, and flax, which have recently been added. 

With the co-operation of Mr. William A. Daily, of Butler 
University, an exhibit of Penicillium, the blue mold from which 
penicillin is derived, was prepared for display in Stanley Field Hall. 
Its central feature is a glass model, made by Chief Preparator Sella, 
of a fragment of the organism magnified about 400 times. Also 
included are reproductions in plastic of agar plate cultures of the 
mold. The material required, derived by direct descent from the 
original cultures used in 1929 by Sir Alexander Fleming, the dis- 
coverer of penicillin and its antibiotic properties, was supplied by 
Mr. Daily, with permission of Eli Lilly and Company. 

In the exhibit of food plants in Hall 25, the case of spices and 
condiments has been thoroughly reinstalled with the addition of new 
and fresh material to replace various items that in the course of 
years had become inadequate as representations of the subject. 
The exhibit of palms in the same hall received a few interesting addi- 
tions in the shape of objects made from palm material, among them 
a very long Indian blow-pipe, which was made by boring a ten- 
foot length of a slender palm stem; also a variety of small objects 
made from the hard seed or "nut" of the ivory palm. The former, 
as well as a large kind of trumpet made from a Bactris stem, was 
collected by Curator Williams in Venezuela; the ivory-nut objects 
were brought from Ecuador by Dr. Steyermark. 

In Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26) of North American 
Woods there were added various preserved branches required for 
some of the conifers, and a number of photographs. In the Hall 
of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) the Venezuelan specimens collected by 
Curator Williams were labeled as soon as he returned, but few 
additions were made. The virtual impossibility during the war of 
obtaining specimens of wood for exhibition has left empty space 
awaiting woods of Central America, Colombia, and Ecuador in the 
American section. 

Department of Geology 

Expeditions and Research 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles and Amphibians, 
conducted field work in western Alabama, as a follow-up on some 
exceedingly interesting turtles from the late Cretaceous marine 
deposits of the southern states that the Museum has received in 
recent years from Mr. CM. Barber, formerly of the Department 


of Zoology. One of Dr. Zangerl's major interests is the evolution 
of the turtles, a group that is well represented in the fossil record. 

In October, 1945, Mr. Barber made a preliminary survey of 
exposures of the Selma formation near Eutah, Alabama, the results 
of which were sufficiently promising to merit intensive work. War- 
imposed restrictions being at an end, it was decided to send a party, 
composed of Dr. and Mrs. Zangerl and Mr. Barber, into the region. 
Despite miserable weather conditions, which called for such unusual 
field expedients as building fires over plaster jackets in order to 
harden them, the results were impressive. More than a hundred 
specimens were collected, outstanding among which are a partial 
skull and skeleton of a gigantic turtle, probably Archelon, several 
turtle skulls, the partial skeleton of a small mosasaur, and a large 
fish. The collection is doubly welcome since most of the forms were 
not previously represented in the Museum, and the region and forma- 
tion from which they were obtained are seldom worked by vertebrate 

Within the Museum, Dr. Zangerl has revised the study collection 
of fossil turtles, published a paper in Fieldiana on fossil snapping- 
turtles from the Great Plains, and prepared a manuscript on alli- 
gators from the later Tertiary of Texas. He has continued researches 
begun elsewhere on the comparative osteology of the living turtles, a 
necessary preliminary to any intensive study of the fossil forms. 
Since a number of rare, exotic turtles are represented in this country 
only by a few specimens preserved in alcohol, it is necessary in many 
cases to resort to stereoscopic X-ray photography, a process that 
reveals the details of skeletal structure almost as satisfactorily as 
does a prepared skeleton, with the added advantage of clearly 
demonstrating the relations of hard to soft parts. The Museum's 
X-ray equipment is admirably suited to this work. 

The history of the horse family is perhaps the best documented 
and certainly the most widely publicized record of the evolutionary 
development of a group of animals. Despite the voluminous litera- 
ture on the subject, however, much remains to be learned. The 
specific taxonomy of the fossil forms is in an unsatisfactory state. 
The abundant materials available can reveal the rates of evolution 
of the various parts of the skeleton, show to what extent some of 
them may be correlated, and indicate whether or not there have been 
times of accelerated development in the 50,000,000 years of recorded 
horse history. 

As a natural outgrowth of his studies on late Pleistocene horses, 
summarized in previous reports, Dr. Paul O. McGrew, Assistant 


Curator of Paleontology, turned to the study of the family as a whole. 
Fossil horses have been accumulating in American museums for 
almost a hundred years and a considerable amount of traveling is 
therefore necessary even to survey the material that has been brought 
together. Dr. McGrew devoted four months of the year to visiting 
practically every North American institution in which fossil horses 
are preserved, accumulating an impressive stack of notes and 
measurements. Collation of the data is, of course, still in the pre- 



<&L ^ «k^.&-> 

J i-.' J. J i 




Fig. 16a. Map showing the principal deposits of uranium minerals, sources of 
energy for the atomic bomb (Stanley Field Hall). 

liminary stage. One important result of the work has been the 
accumulation of approximately 5,000 casts of specimens in other 
institutions which will be of permanent value for reference purposes. 

Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, who returned in 
November, is completing studies interrupted by his entry into the 
Army in 1943. A study of the Taeniodonta should shortly be ready 
for the press. Taeniodonts were peculiar extinct mammals, evidently 
derived from insectivore-like ancestors, that converged toward the 
ground-sloths in their later evolution. The resemblance, although 
far from exact, was sufficiently close to mislead early investigators 
of the group into belief in direct relationship. More recent work has 
largely contradicted this view. Facts brought out in Mr. Patterson's 


study show that the resemblances were due entirely to convergence, 
and in addition provide new data on the classification and evolution 
of the order. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Geology 

Because of the intense public interest aroused in 1945 by the 
release of atomic energy and its use in the war, Mr. Harry Changnon, 




104 TONS 




I 3/4- 

■>Ns|^ IELDS< 









Fig. 16b. A diagram showing the 
approximate amount of ore that 
must be mined and treated to obtain 
one pound of Uranium 235, the 
equal in potential energy of three 
million gallons of gasoline (Stanley 
Field Hall). 


'/-, GRAM 




Assistant in the Department, prepared a special exhibit devoted to 
uranium ores, source of Uranium 235 (Fig. 16). Specimens of the ores 
and a world map showing the localities in which they are found 
comprise one side of the exhibit. The other side is devoted to a 
diagrammatic illustration of the amount of ore required to produce 
a pound of U-235, together with a comparison of this pound with 
the amount of a familiar combustible — gasoline — required to yield 
the same energy potential. The map brings out the fact that the 
United States and Canada are favored among the nations in their 
possession of major deposits of uranium ore, but emphasizes that 
they by no means enjoy a monopoly of it. In fact, the rather general 
distribution of the ore stresses the ultimatum that Science has 
presented to the peoples of the world: "Unite or perish." 


A complaint heard against museums is that they devote case after 
case to the display of rare and priceless objects but often make little 
effort to provide the introductory exhibits necessary to their proper 
appreciation. Attempts to remedy the situation in this Department 
were well under way when they were interrupted by the war. Mr. 
Changnon, however, has completed a series of cases that contribute 
an introduction to Mineralogy, one of the most colorful of the many 

Fig. 17. Quartz, the commonest of all minerals, occurs in more than two hun' 
dred varieties, many of which rival precious gems in color and beauty. The group 
illustrated is exhibited in the new installation of the Chalmers Collection of crystal 
groupings (Hall 34). 

branches of geology and one especially attractive to the amateur. 
Two cases on crystals, briefly noted in the last report, were designed 
to demonstrate mineral classification based on crystal form and to 
show the direct relationship of the crystal form of a mineral to its 
atomic structure. These were rounded out this year by two addi- 
tional cases. One of these points out the differences between rocks 
and minerals, demonstrating that minerals are chemical compounds 
whereas rocks are physical mixtures of minerals. The other deals 
with those physical properties of minerals that aid in their rapid 
determination. Since most of these can be recognized at sight or 
by simple tests, minerals that display outstanding examples of 
each property were selected and accompanied by explanations of the 
relative importance of the properties in the work of identification. 


An enlarged and remodeled storeroom for the research collection 
of fossil mammals, planned some years ago, was completed during 
the year. It is now possible to bring together all material represent- 
ing this class, except the very largest specimens, into one room in 
which adequate working space and lighting are available. The 
necessary rearrangement of the collections and the checking of each 
specimen against the catalogue have occupied Mr. Orville Gilpin, 
Preparator, for a large part of the year. A welcome outcome of this 
new construction is the fact that the room lends itself admirably to 
the class work in vertebrate paleontology conducted in co-operation 
with the University of Chicago. 

Considerable progress has been made toward a revision of the 
research collection in economic geology and toward the preparation 
of a card catalogue of the specimens. 

The Langford Collection of fossils from the Illinois Coal Measures, 
although consisting predominantly of fossil plants, includes an 
excellent representation of the invertebrate animals of the time. 
These were unpacked, sorted and catalogued during the year. The 
fine series of myriopods, shrimp-like forms, king crabs, ostracods 
and pelecypods constitute a welcome addition to the research 
collections of fossil invertebrates. 

The services of Mr. Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist, were lent to this 
Department by the Department of Zoology, for the preparation of 
plastic models and plaster bases for crystal exhibits. 

Department of Zoology 

Expeditions and Research 

The only field work of the Department in 1945 was Chief Curator 
Karl P. Schmidt's collecting trip in March and April to Texas and 
the Mexican state of Coahuila. This continued the special interest 
of the Department in the Big Bend National Park, and extended 
that interest from the Chisos Mountains of the new park to the 
Sierra del Carmen of adjacent Mexico. Mr. Schmidt accompanied 
a ten-day horseback reconnaissance of unmapped terrain in northern 
Coahuila under the auspices of the United States Fish and Wild- 
life Service. At Waco, in central Texas, Mr. Schmidt was the guest 
of Mr. J. E. Johnson, Jr., whose active aid in collecting, and com- 
petent knowledge of the McLennan County region, were invaluable. 

In the Division of Anatomy, Miss H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, 
has continued her active program of dissection of the mammals 


related to the giant panda, in connection with the main research 
project of the division for a monograph of the anatomy of that 
remarkable "herbivorous carnivore." Mr. D. D wight Davis imme- 
diately resumed his work on the major undertaking on his return 
to the division from the Army. 

In the Division of Mammals, Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 
Emeritus, continued his work on a check list of the mammals of 
South America, which has made excellent progress during the year. 
Dr. Osgood published a short paper in the Journal of Mammalogy 
describing two new species of rodents from Mexico, and described 
a new rodent from New Guinea in the Museum's publications. 

In the Division of Birds, Mr. Boardman Conover, Trustee and 
Research Associate, continued his studies on the game birds of the 
world, and made much progress in listing the hawks in the Museum 
collections for a volume in The Birds of the Americas. A short paper 
on the birds of the Solomon Islands by Mr. William J. Beecher, 
formerly temporary assistant in the Department, appeared in 
Fieldiana late in the year. 

In connection with the temporary exhibit of the history of bird 
illustration, Mrs. Hermon Dunlap (Ellen T.) Smith, Associate, 
contributed an article to the Museum Bulletin. Mrs. Dessie P. 
Morrow, volunteer assistant, contributed an article to the Bulletin 
on a most remarkable mourning dove nest. 

The Division of Reptiles continued work on the growth of the 
rattle of rattlesnakes and on the action of snake venom and the 
treatment of snake-bite. The mechanism by which the rattlesnake 
skin is molted, with the addition of a new segment of the rattle, has 
been a topic of discussion and argument among anatomists and 
students of snakes for a century. Mr. Clifford H. Pope, Curator of 
Reptiles and Amphibians, in collaboration with Dr. Arnold A. 
Zimmermann of the University of Illinois College of Medicine, hopes 
to supply definitive answers to the questions involved. There has 
been a growing dissatisfaction among critical students with modern 
recommendations for the treatment of snake-bite, and Curator 
Pope has engaged in a series of experiments on the action of snake 
venom and on methods of treatment, with the aid of Dr. L. W. 
Peterson, also of the Illinois College of Medicine. Details of the 
bite of venomous snakes and of the amounts of venom injected 
under natural conditions are being examined by Mr. Pope and Mr. 
R. Marlin Perkins, Director of the Lincoln Park Zoo. 

Chief Curator Schmidt has found time for minor studies on 
reptiles, and has prepared a formal report on the turtles of Panama, 

Fig. 18. The ocean sunfish (no relative of 
the familiar fresh-water sunfishes of Amer- 
ica) is found in surface waters of tropical 
and temperate seas. It is one of the most 
curious of all fish types (Hall O). 

Fig. 19. The moonfish is a large 
and brilliantly colored fish that 
lives at moderate depths in the 
ocean. It is rarely seen or caught 
(Hall O). 



to satisfy the terms of the Museum's contract with the Smithsonian 
Institution for the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 
undertaken in 1911. In the course of preparation of this report, Mr. 
Schmidt published a short note in Marine Life, Occasional Papers, 
under the title Problems in the Distribution of the Marine Turtles. 
In connection with this interest in the general field of ecology, Mr. 
Schmidt published a short note in the American Midland Naturalist 
on Evolution, Succession, and Dispersal, and an essay in the Scientific 
Monthly on A Naturalist's Glimpse of the Andes. 

In the Division of Fishes, Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, com- 
pleted her list of the types of fishes in the collections of this Museum. 
Figures are being prepared for the unfigured species, and this paper 
is otherwise ready for publication. Mrs. Grey has continued her 
studies on the Caribbean fishes collected by the Leon Mandel 
Expedition of 1940. She contributed two articles to the Museum 
Bulletin, one on the newly exhibited models of the remarkable 
oarfish, ocean sunfish, and moonfish, and one on the "living fossil" 
Latimeria. Mr. Robert Haas, a volunteer in the Division of Fishes, 
has undertaken the identification of the Chinese fresh-water fishes 
in the Museum's collections, planning to carry this through, family 
by family. 

The work of Mr. William J. Gerhard in the Division of Insects 
was entirely curatorial during the absence of members of his staff 
in military service. Dr. Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate in 
the division, has continued his work on staphylinid beetles. 

The Division of Lower Invertebrates produced two short papers 
on mollusks during the year as a further by-product of the extensive 
revision of the collection by Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator. 

In addition to the two articles from the Division of Birds and two 
from the Division of Fishes for the Museum Bulletin, Chief Curator 
Schmidt contributed one on the new Hall of Whales and one on the 
two cases showing the results of artificial selection in the domestic 
pigeon and of natural selection in wild pigeons (Fig. 29). 

The total number of accessions in the year numbered 51,817, of 
which 247 are mammals; 39,895, birds and birds' eggs; 1,269, amphib- 
ians and reptiles; 720, fishes; 7,224, insects and related forms; 2,400, 
lower invertebrates; and 62, anatomical specimens. 

The most notable gift was the comprehensive collection of water 
mites accumulated by Dr. Ruth Marshall of Wisconsin Dells. This 
collection is contained in 4,291 vials and 1,128 microscopic slides, 
and includes some 200 types of the new forms described by Dr. 
Marshall and her principal American predecessor in this field of 


study, the late Dr. Robert H. Wolcott. The collection was accom- 
panied by a comprehensive bibliographic card index and an extensive 
special library of books and pamphlets. 

The water mites are a very widespread group found almost en- 
tirely in fresh water. They are one of the few living aquatic groups 
of arachnids. These small creatures are of great scientific interest 
as a highly organized and very distinct type of animal. They form 
part of the free-swimming plankton in fresh waters, and their study 
forms a province of the intriguing science of limnology. By Dr. 
Marshall's gift, the Museum is placed in a position to work further 
in this special field of limnological interest. 

A second notable gift of the year is the collection of 39,317 North 
American birds' eggs left as a legacy to the Museum by the late 
Judge R. Magoon Barnes, of Lacon, Illinois. This collection had 
long been on deposit in the Museum, and Judge Barnes was Honorary 
Curator of Birds' Eggs on the staff. His last gift consisted of two 
eggs of the California condor collected in the 1870's and valued at 
$200. These he had brought to the Museum in person and compared 
with the specimens already in the Barnes Collection. 

Additions to the Museum's collections from service men, both 
from our own staff and others, were continued during the year. The 
list of such accessions follows: 

Number of 

S/Sgt. G. Banner 33 

Corp. William J. Beecher 346 

Corp. Michael H. Bevans 2 

T/5 D. Dwight Davis 2 

S/Sgt. Henry S. Dybas 894 

Lieut. S. A. Edgar 64 

Ph. M.2/cEdwinC. Galbreath. 5 

S Sgt. E. Hagen 10 

Capt. H. Hoogstraal, 

U. S. Army 218 

Pf c. Stanley Jewett, Jr 5 

Pvt. Robert R. Kohn 1 

Ensign John Kurfess 33 

Ph. M. 3/c J. G. Little 2 

Pfc. Kevin W. Marx 8 

Number of 

Lieut. H. R. Mead, U. S. Army. 8 

Pvt. Roger D. Mitchell 33 

Capt. Carl Mohr, U. S. Army. . 10 

Sgt. Bryan Patterson 805 

Corp. Eugene Ray 35 

Lieut. Cmdr. Colin C. Sanborn, 

U.S.N.R 127 

Lieut, (j.g.) Everett W. Shuler, 

U.S.N.R 27 

Lieut, (j.g.) J. A. Slater, 


Capt. Robert Traub, U. S. Army 
Capt. Rupert Wenzel, 

U.S. Army 

Lieut. Loren P. Woods, U.S.N.R. 




A notable series of gifts is constituted by the prize-winning 
domestic pigeons used for exhibition to illustrate the topics of the 
origin of the domestic pigeon and artificial selection. These were 
received from various donors (see accession list) through the efforts 
of members of the Chicago Pigeon Club and especially through the 
interest of Mr. Joseph N. Koehler in the project. 


Other gifts of special interest were 11 birds from Mr. E. M. 
Chenery, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad; 41 birds and 3 eggs from Mr. 
Boardman Conover, Research Associate in the Division of Birds; 
the continued gift of material from the Chicago Zoological Society 
and the Lincoln Park Zoo; 71 reptiles and 37 amphibians from Texas, 

Fig. 20. Two sketches from the portfolio of Mr. William J. Beecher, who 
found time to continue his painting of natural history subjects even during the 
hazards and trials of a campaign in the Solomon Islands. 

presented by J. E. Johnson, Jr., of Waco; 748 shells from Mr. 
Charles D. Nelson, of Grand Rapids, Michigan; 177 fishes from 
British Columbia from Mr. E. F. Ricketts, of Robles del Rio, Cali- 
fornia; and 63 reptiles and 17 amphibians from Ecuador and Switzer- 
land, from Dr. Rainer Zangerl, of the Museum's Department of 

Installations and Rearrangements— Zoology 

The most notable addition to the Museum's exhibition halls in 
1945 was the opening of the Hall of Whales (Hall N-l) adjacent to 
the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N). A notable series of models 
of whales, the smaller porpoises and dolphins natural size, the larger 
whales one-tenth life size, has been in preparation for some years. 

59 - — 

These were modeled in clay and cast in plaster by Mr. C. J. Albrecht, 
former staff taxidermist of the Museum, and painted by Staff Artist 
Arthur G. Rueckert. The hall has been treated as a unit, and the 
models are supplemented by eight murals showing something of the 
life of whales and of the glimpses of them to be had by the ocean 
traveler. A large mural at the end of the hall catches the visitor's 
eye as he enters. It represents the dramatic moment of killing a 
sperm whale from a whaleboat in the days of the New England 
whalers a century ago. Whaling tools of the sailing ship era and the 
"scrimshaws" (Fig. 21) and "jagging wheels" made by the whalers 
are shown in a special case. The twenty-eight models exhibit most 
of the main types (the genera) of living whales. Two cases at the 
end of the hall are reserved for anatomical exhibits (in preparation ) 
to show how these gigantic mammals are modified from the normal 
mammalian type for completely aquatic habits, and to show some- 
thing about the food, parasites, and conservation problems of whales. 

Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Pray completed four models of remark- 
able oceanic fishes that had been unrepresented in the Museum's 
Hall of Fishes (Hall O). One of these is the oarfish, whose elongate 
form and striking silver and red coloration, combined with the fact 
that it is a deep-water creature only rarely seen, give rise to the sea 
serpent myth. The brilliantly colored moonfish, obscurely related 
to the oarfish, and the gigantic ocean sunfish, with its intriguing 

Fig. 21. Nineteenth-century sailors on the whaling hoats often whiled away 
long hours at sea by engraving designs on the huge teeth of the sperm whale. The 
engraved teeth were called scrimshaws and a favorite subject was the one shown 
above, a fishing village on the seacoast (Hall of Whales, N-l). 


smaller relative, the truncated sunfish, are shown on a panel at the 
entrance to Hall (Figs. 18, 19). Mr. Pray also completed an exhibit 
showing the steps by which a museum exhibition model of a fish is 

As a continuation of the program of devising instructive cases 
for the walls between the main cases in the systematic halls, two 
such wall cases were installed in Hall 21, under the titles "Artificial 
Selection in Domestic Pigeons" and "Natural Selection in Wild 
Pigeons." The first of these deals with the interesting topic of the 
origin of the domestic pigeon, and emphasizes the importance of the 
principle of "Artificial Selection" in the history of the theory of 
evolution. The case of wild pigeons simply presents the extremes 
of the pigeon type resulting from the parallel operation of "Natural 
Selection." The specimens of domestic pigeons used in the first of 
these cases were obtained through the active co-operation of the 
Chicago Pigeon Club, and the Museum is especially indebted to Mr. 
Joseph N. Koehler, who took endless pains to insure the arrival of 
the pigeons (most of which were prize-winning specimens in their 
respective breeds) in perfect condition. The individual specimens 
were mounted by Staff Taxidermists John W. Mover, Wilmer E. 
Eigsti, and Frank C. Wonder (Fig. 29). 

The cases in Halls 13 (George M. Pullman Hall) and 15 (Syste- 
matic Mammals) were relabeled with raised letters on the screens, 
and the case entitled "What is a Bird," in Hall 21 was entirely 
reinstalled with new labels. 

During April and May a special exhibit showing the history of 
bird illustration was planned and installed by Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, 
Associate, with departmental aid. Two cases of books were placed 
at the south end of Hall 13, supplemented by the loan of framed 
Audubon prints from Mrs. Smith's own collection. These cases 
received attention from birdlovers, and made use of the Museum's 
notable collection of illustrated books on birds in the Edward E. 
Ayer Library (Figs. 6, 7). 

Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Walters has continued the accumu- 
lation of his notable series of celluloid models of remarkable types 
of reptiles, and has aided in other exhibition projects in which his 
ingenious use of celluloid is invaluable. 

Artist Joseph B. Krstolich made several models for the topical 
cases in the Hall of Whales before undertaking a major project of a 
family tree of mammals to introduce the systematic halls of mammals 
(Halls 13 and 15). 


The type specimens of birds, and specimens of extinct species of 
birds were placed in specially made celluloid tubes by Taxidermists 
Eigsti and Wonder, for better care and preservation. 

A group of miniature models of game animals by the noted 
eastern taxidermist, Louis Paul Jonas, was placed on exhibition for 
two months in Carl E. Akeley Hall (Hall 22) beginning April 4. 

Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt completed the translation of a 
notable work on marine animal geography by the Swedish zoologist 
Sven Ekman. This was accomplished with the aid of Miss Margaret 
Bauer. A fourth volume of the Department's unique translation of 
the general work on mammals by Max Weber (which has been 
completely translated in the same way) was prepared for the bindery. 

Cataloguing, Inventorying, and Labeling — 

All Departments 

New accessions received by the Department of Anthropology 
totaled seventeen, of which five were entered in the inventory books. 
Thirteen previous accessions were entered in whole or in part. Eight 
hundred and thirty-one catalogue cards were prepared during the 
year, and 1,730 were entered. Since the inventory books were first 
opened, 231,518 cards have been entered in them. The Division of 
Printing delivered to this Department 125 labels. 


The records of botanical accessions, loans, and exchanges were 
kept up to date as usual by Miss Edith Vincent, Librarian of the 
Department, along with the Botany Library catalogue and card 
index of new species. 

Labels were prepared for new exhibits added during the year and 
various old labels were revised. Mrs. Frances S. Goetz provided 
the labels for the 7,566 type photographs furnished to other institu- 
tions in 1945, and for fully as many more which were assembled 
but not sent out before the end of the year. 

For all new sheets added to the herbaria of phanerogams and 
cryptogams as well as to the economic collections labels were pro- 
vided by the curators concerned. A systematic card catalogue was 
begun by Mr. Robert Forbes, temporary assistant in dendrology, 
for the large number of Venezuelan woods resulting from recent 



Twenty-eight accessions were received and 674 specimens 
catalogued in the Department of Geology. Numbers were placed on 
5,262 specimens, and 4,342 catalogue cards for specimens were 
written. Labels printed totaled 248. Thirty prints of geological 
subjects were added to the photograph albums. 


Entries in the catalogues of the Department of Zoology numbered 
4,909, of which 2,567 are for lower invertebrates, 421 for fishes, 384 
for reptiles, 1,232 for birds, 283 for mammals, and 22 for the Division 
of Anatomy. The revision of the reference collection of mollusks 
occupied much of Dr. Haas' time, involving many new labels. 

Public Relations 

Special events, such as temporary exhibits, a stage presentation 
of the temple dances of Bali and Java, and evening lectures on timely 
topics, furnished the basis for a large and important part of the 
Museum's press and radio publicity during the year. 

These included a special exhibit on Audubon, presented for two 
months beginning with the 160th anniversary of his birth on April 26; 
an exhibit of the miniature animals of the sculptor-taxidermist Louis 
Paul Jonas, brought here from New York in the spring; a special 
exhibit illustrating the life of the peoples of the Netherlands East 
Indies (Figs. 22, 23), opened with a preview for members and a 
stage presentation in the James Simpson Theatre of native dances by 
the well-known Balinese dance troupe and island musicians headed 
by Devi Dja from the temple of Den Paser; a special exhibit of 
ancient Persian cultural material including ornamental objects which 
closely parallel modern trends in costume jewelry; an exhibit of 
radio-active minerals prepared at the time of peak interest in the 
atomic bomb; preliminary events such as "camera fans'" Museum 
field days and photographic expeditions in connection with a forth- 
coming photographic salon to be held at the Museum in early 1946; 
and a special series of evening lectures by Mr. Sullivan Richardson, 
noted explorer, on postwar South America. 

Other Museum activities, which, like the special events above 
listed, received lavish attention in the press with half to full pages of 
pictures, were the opening of the new Hall of Whales; the opening 
of the new exhibit illustrating "natural and artificial selection among 
pigeons"; the installation of the Peruvian village diorama in Hall B 

63 — - 

of the Department of Anthropology. Also, the Chicago Daily News 
devoted a page and a half in its Saturday rotogravure section to a 
layout of pictures illustrating the steps in the preparation and 
exhibition of a Harris Extension school case, from the collection 
of specimens in the field through various laboratory processes to the 
final display in the classroom. The Chicago Sunday Tribune devoted 
a full page in natural colors to reproductions of paintings made in 
the Solomon Islands by Mr. William J. Beecher of the Museum staff 
during his Army service in the Pacific. Extensive space was given 
in both the Chicago Sunday Tribune and the Downtown Shopping 
News to articles, pictures and maps on the subject of the Museum's 
attractions for vacationists during the war-engendered transporta- 
tion stringencies. Overseas, the Illustrated London News published 
several pages in full color of Museum exhibits, from color photo- 
graphs made by Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, a Museum Contributor, 
and sent abroad in 1938. The originals were destroyed in a bombing 
raid, but fortunately the printing blocks were unharmed. 

These are but a few of the outstanding publicity items of the 
year. In all, the Public Relations Counsel prepared 270 news 
releases ranging from small routine items to full column stories. In 
accordance with the experience of past years, many of these stimu- 
lated editors to assign their own reporters and photographers to 
follow up at the Museum for larger coverage or "exclusive angles." 
Likewise, as usual, some of these stories became the inspiration for 
editorials in newspapers and magazines. The Museum is deeply 
appreciative of the interest shown in its activities and the co-opera- 
tion extended by the staffs of the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Sun, 
Chicago Daily Times, Chicago Herald-American and Chicago Tribune; 
also, the City News Bureau, Associated Press, United Press, Inter- 
national News Service, Science Service, various periodicals, and 
other local, national and international publications and news 
agencies. The contributions of various special writers and columnists 
have also been welcome and have proved especially valuable as 

Chicago radio stations and national networks continued to give 
time on their news and feature programs to the Museum. One of 
special note was an evening program in the "Chicago, U.S.A." 
series of the American Broadcasting Company devoted to a fea- 
ture presentation of "behind-the-scenes" work at the Museum 
(over WLS in Chicago). The Museum's most faithful radio friend, 
the North Western Hour program over station WMAQ, which has 
given time to the Museum on an average of once or twice a week 


' 4 




Fig. 22. The dance and the theatre in 
the Netherlands East Indies are not 
only a means of entertainment; they are 
also a presentation of a philosophy of 
life. These scenes are reproduced 
from the Netherlands East Indies Ex- 
hibition, June 30-September 4, 1945. 

for years, continued to do so, through Mr. Patsy Gallichio, an- 
nouncer, during most of the year, and through Colonel Norman Ross, 
A.A.F., upon his return to the program in the latter part of the year, 
after a long absence in war service. Appreciation is due also to the 
program's sponsor, the Chicago and North Western Railway, and 
to the Caples Company, advertising agency that prepares the 

Not to be overlooked in a summation of the Museum's publicity 
is the extensive and valuable space given the institution in other 
than the large metropolitan dailies, viz., the community newspapers 
published for the different local areas of Chicago; the foreign- 
language newspapers of the city, and the newspapers of Chicago's 
suburbs, and of other regions of Illinois and the Middle West. 
Many of the stories of general interest were published nationally, 
and in foreign countries as well. 

The Museum Bulletin, published principally for the membership 
of the institution, was continued on a bi-monthly basis because of 
paper and manpower shortages, but it is hoped that by 1947 it will 


be restored to a monthly basis. Editorial production of this publi- 
cation is a part of the duties of the Public Relations Counsel. The 
Bulletin continued to be, as in past years, the source of additional 
publicity in newspapers and magazines, which reprinted or quoted 
from many of its articles. 

Co-operating with the Medill School of Journalism of North- 
western University, the Museum's Public Relations Counsel assisted 
students sent out on "assignments" as a part of their courses in 
reportorial work. 

In addition to coverage of the fields already described, the 
Public Relations Counsel prepared the usual quota of special arti- 
cles for various periodicals, and for books such as the Americana 
Annual (of the Americana Encyclopedia). The Museum was 
advertised without cost, except for printing, through posters dis- 
played in stations and trains of the Chicago Rapid Transit Lines, 
the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin Railroad, the Illinois Central System 
and the Chicago and North Western Railway. Some of these 
companies, and many hotels, department stores, public information 
bureaus and other co-operating agencies distributed thousands of 
Museum descriptive folders. The Museum co-operated in distri- 
bution of a folder on this and seven other Chicago institutions. 

Fig. 23. The Netherlands East Indies 
include many types of terrain and 
vegetation and many modes of life. 
These scenes are reproduced from the 
Netherlands East Indies Exhibition, 
June 30-September 4, 1945. 



During the war there was an almost complete cessation of the 
flow of books from abroad, and only in the past few months have 
receipts of publications from various foreign exchanges been resumed. 
It is gratifying to report that some of the files are now completed 
to date. 

An interesting incident was the receipt from a soldier in Europe 
of a package of valuable books picked up near a ruined castle and 
no doubt part of a treasured library. The books are historical in 
nature, and it is regretted that the sender's name could not be 

Many desirable books and sets were added to the Library in 1945 
(Fig. 24). The Lepidopterorum catalogus has been almost completed 
and it is hoped that the numbers still missing may be obtained in 
the near future. 

Mrs. Pauline Psota, of Chicago, has added some valued num- 
bers to the collection she contributed in 1944. Dr. Ruth Marshall, 
of Wisconsin Dells, presented an excellent collection of books and 
pamphlets on water mites. This is practically a complete library 
on the subject, and adds much to the value of the material given by 
her to the Department of Zoology. Another addition was a col- 
lection of books on the costumes of various countries. This is a 
subject on which source material was greatly needed. 

The Library has received some 4,600 maps issued by the Army 
Map Service. The full number promised is 25,000, and these will 
make a desirable addition to the resources of the Library. Those so 
far received are chiefly of Africa and the region around the Medi- 
terranean Sea. 

A small collection of attractive, up-to-date books on natural his- 
tory for young people has recently been installed. It has assisted 
students and has aroused the interest of other youthful readers. 
Their response to this innovation has been gratifying and the Mu- 
seum consequently plans to continue and enlarge this section of the 

There have been 2,800 new books added to the Library, including 
some works long desired and needed to round out its resources. 
Cataloguing for the new books involved the preparation of 17,721 
index cards. 

Museum visitors using the Library have increased in number 
again this year as for several years past. 

Fig. 24. Title page of "De mollibus, crustaceis, testaceis, et zoophytis," by 
Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605), an important source book recently added to tbe Library. 
In this publication many of the lower invertebrates of Italy were accurately described 
and figured for the first time. 



Publications and Printing 

Changing the name of Field Museum of Natural History has 
necessitated a series of alterations in our scientific publications. 
These changes were not made until 1945, as it was felt that con- 
cluding numbers of incomplete volumes should be issued without 
changes of name or style. Most of these volumes have now been 
completed; those that are incomplete will soon be closed. 

The name "Fieldiana" has been adopted for the technical pub- 
lications of octavo and quarto size, and it is hoped that this name 
will be used in citations; for example, Fieldiana, Zoology, vol. 00, 
pp. 00-00. 

The ample margins and spacing that are the fundamentals of 
good bookmaking have been left as before, and the format sizes have 
not been changed. According to recent studies on the psychology 
of reading, 10-point is the most readable of type sizes and a 26-pica 
line comes within the recommended limits of length of line. Both 
of these have therefore been retained in the octavo publications. 
Books containing illustrations that cannot be reduced to 4 by 63^ 
inches will be published as before in a quarto size (Memoirs Series; 
type page 5% by 93^ inches). 

Use of Century Expanded type has been continued for all tech- 
nical publications. Its characteristics of balanced weight, simplicity, 
and legibility make it desirable in reference books. A new type 
face, Baskerville, has been added to the equipment of the Division 
of Printing and will be used in the publication of non-technical 

The modern Baskerville is an authentic revival of a fine eighteenth 
century type and has achieved great popularity because of its individu- 
ality and precision. This paragraph is set in Baskerville. 

White dull-coated paper will be used in publications where illus- 
trations are reproduced by the halftone process; an English Finish 
paper will be substituted in books published without illustrations 
or with reproductions made by line etching. 

The Museum is endeavoring to produce books that are conser- 
vative in appearance, easy to read, convenient to handle, and amply 

Postal communication to many parts of the world, which had 
been interrupted by the war, was re-established during the latter 
part of 1945, enabling the Museum to plan resumption of pub- 
lication exchanges with libraries in the Eastern Hemisphere. Cards 
with prepaid reply forms attached were sent to the names on the 


Museum's mailing list covering that part of the world, in an attempt 
to bring its record of those addresses up-to-date before sending 
through the International Exchange Bureau of the Smithsonian 
Institution the accumulated scientific papers which the Museum 
published during the war. Pending replies to these inquiry cards, 
distribution of publications continued to be confined to libraries of 
museums, universities, and individual scientists in the Western 
Hemisphere, as was necessary during the past several years. 

The papers sent out on exchange account consisted of 8,131 
copies of publications, 528 leaflets, and 175 miscellaneous books and 

Sales during the year totaled 2,802 publications, 9,394 leaflets, 
and 24,741 miscellaneous pamphlets, such as Guides, Handbooks, 
and Memoirs. Seventeen new exchange arrangements with in- 
stitutions and scientists were established. For future sales, foreign 
exchanges, and other distribution, the Museum in 1945 wrapped, 

Fig. 25. Cover design on a popular leaflet, "Mummies," recently published by 
the Museum. Anubis, the Egyptian god who presided over embalming, is testing 
the heart of the scribe, Ani, on the great scales. The heart is balanced against a 
feather, symbol of truth. This scene is from the funerary papyrus buried with Ani. 


labeled, and stored 30,787 copies of publications and miscellaneous 
pamphlets in 530 packages. 

A total of 174,152 picture post cards was sold during the year, 
of which 29,115 were from the lot of twenty-four colored views of 
Museum exhibits printed late in the summer. 

Production of the Division of Printing in 1945 included eight new 
numbers in the Museum's regular publication series. These com- 
prised 110 pages of type composition. The number of copies printed 
was 7,562. 

One leaflet, containing 18 pages of type composition, 11 plates, and 
10 drawings, was printed (Fig. 25). The number of copies was 5,075. 
The Annual Report of the Director for the Year 19 %1+ consisted of 133 
pages of type composition, and 5,815 copies were printed. A second 
edition of Anthropology Guide, Part 5, Ethnology of Melanesia, was 
issued. The title was changed to People of the South Pacific. The 
publication contained 264 type pages and the number of copies 
printed was 1,032. 

A second edition of the handbook of color plates of exhibits in the 
Museum was issued under the title Colorama. This book originally 
was published in 1942 and was entitled Exploring Field Museum. 
It consists of 44 type pages and 43 four-color plates. The number of 
copies printed was 5,300. 

Three reprints of the General Guide, each consisting of 58 pages, 
totaled 33,148 copies. The total number of pages printed in all 
books was 787 and the total copies numbered 58,872. 

Six issues of the Museum Bulletin were printed, with an average 
of 5,450 copies per issue. Exhibition labels printed during the year 
reached a total of 1,691. Other printing, including stationery, 
posters, Museum Stories for Children (Raymond Foundation), 
lecture schedules, publication and leaflet price lists, and post cards, 
brought the total number of impressions for the year to 1,098,797. 

Following is a detailed list of publications issued during the year: 

Lewis, Albert B. 

People of the South Pacific. 264 pp., 56 text figures, 2 maps, 2 plates. 

Martin, Richard A. 

Mummies. Anthropological Leaflet No. 36, 18 pp., 10 text figures, 11 plates. 

Quimby, George I. 

Pottery from the Aleutian Islands. Fieldiana, Anthropology, vol. 36, No. 1, 
13 pp., 4 text figures. 


Riggs, Elmer S. 

Some Early Miocene Carnivores. Geological Series, vol. 9, No. 3, 48 pp., 23 
text figures. 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

A New Turtle from the Paleocene of Colorado. Fieldiana, Geology, vol. 10, 
No. 1, 4 pp., 1 text figure. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

Fossil Specimens of Macrochelys from the Tertiary of the Plains. Fieldiana, 
Geology, vol. 10, No. 2, 8 pp., 3 text figures. 

Beecher, W. J. 

A Bird Collection from the Solomon Islands. Fieldiana, Zoology, vol. 31, No. 4, 
7 pp. 

Haas, Fritz 

Malacological Notes — IV. Fieldiana, Zoology, vol. 31, No. 2, 12 pp., 1 text 

Some Remarkable Shells of a South American Fresh-Water Mussel. Fieldiana, 
Zoology, vol. 31, No. 3, 16 pp., 1 text figure. 

Osgood, Wilfred H. 

A New Rodent from Dutch New Guinea. Fieldiana, Zoology, vol. 31, No. 1, 
2 pp. 


Annual Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 19^1+. 133 pp., 

29 text figures, 3 plates. 
General Guide to the Exhibits in Chicago Natural History Museum. Twenty-fifth 

and twenty-sixth editions. 58 pp., 3 text figures, 6 plates. 
Colorama. 87 pp., 43 plates. 

Art Classes 

The Art Institute of Chicago, continuing its years-long co-opera- 
tion with this Museum, sent its usual classes of both child and adult 
students, who found the exhibits in this institution a bountiful 
source of ideas for their studies in drawing, painting, sketching, 
modeling, composition, design, and research, which form the cur- 
riculum of these classes. The classes coming from the Art Institute 
are provided at this institution with special facilities to aid their 
work. On Saturdays, especially, large groups of children from the 
art school's junior department are received. As a result of their use 
of material in the Museum, many of the students have created 
painting, drawings, sculptures, and ceramic objects of high merit, 
and each year a selection of these is used as a special exhibit at the 
Art Institute and elsewhere. 

Photography and Illustration 

Production by Photographer C. H. Carpenter and his assistants 
increased for the fourth successive year. Output in 1945 totaled 


19,792 items as compared with 18,363 in 1944. The production 
includes negatives, prints, enlargements, lantern slides, transpar- 
encies, color films, and miscellaneous items. These were made not 
only for the various departments and divisions of the Museum but 
also for other institutions, the press, and book publishers, as well 
as for sales to the public. The total number of negatives now in 
the files is nearly 102,000, and work was continued on the huge task 
of classifying, indexing, numbering, and filing these. 

The Division of Illustration continued to furnish illustrations, 
maps, charts, etc. for publications, exhibits, transparencies, and 
other purposes. This work was done by Mr. John J. Janacek in 
the early part of the year, and after his resignation was continued 
by Miss Norma Lockwood, the new Staff Illustrator. 

Completion of his work in the new Hall of Whales (Hall N-l), 
opened to the public during the year, was a major task of Staff 
Artist Arthur G. Rueckert. Mr. Rueckert was granted three months' 
leave of absence because of illness following completion of this task. 
In the remainder of the year he devoted his time to preliminary 
work on new projects for the Departments of Zoology and Botany. 


The Museum Cafeteria served a greater number of persons than 
in the preceding year, and thus established a new record, as its 1944 
patronage had been the largest for any previous year since 1934. The 
1945 total was 106,521 as compared with 105,860 in 1944. There was 
an increase also in the number of persons accommodated in the room 
provided for those bringing their own lunches, 80,040 using these in 
1945 as compared to 79,131 in 1944. The combined total for 
Cafeteria and lunchroom thus was 186,561 for 1945 as compared to 
184,991 in 1944. The lunchroom, unlike the Cafeteria, is open both 
to those who bring their own food and to those who wish to buy 
sandwiches, soft drinks, and other light refreshments. 

Maintenance and Construction 

The Lecture Hall was greatly improved by closing the window 
alcoves, building a small projection booth, installing new light fix- 
tures, framing the motion picture screen, and redecorating. Seating 
in the James Simpson Theatre was repaired. 

Partition changes were started, late in the year, in the south 
center area of the ground floor to accommodate the entire Division 
of Printing on one floor. The work will probably be completed 
early in 1946. 


The serving counter and steam table in the Cafeteria were 
rearranged to form a regular "line" cafeteria. Most of this work 
was done after closing hours. 

On the east and west sides of the third floor, 92 casement sashes 
were replaced with single light sashes made of cypress and glazed 
with plate glass. 

Fig. 26. Strange lianas, striking fruits, and valuable woods are displayed in one 
section of a large exhibit of plants of the bean family (Hall of Plant Life, Hall 29). 

Checking facilities at the north entrance were improved and a 
new rack was built in the children's cloakroom. 

The painters were thoroughly occupied, as usual, throughout 
the year. The Raymond Foundation office, corridors between 
exhibition halls on the second floor, the Library reading room, 
columns in Stanley Field Hall, Hall 15, Lecture Hall, Staff Artist's 
room, Rooms 15, 93A, 94, 99, guards' room, all third floor lavatories 
and all stair railings were washed and painted. Lunchroom and 
corridor walls were washed repeatedly. 


Because of the shortage of help in many divisions of the Museum, 
the maintenance force assumed many additional tasks not usually 
required of it. 

For the Department of Zoology considerable time was spent on 
the final stages of the new Hall of Whales (Hall N-l). Assistance 
was given the taxidermists in preparing several cases in Halls 13 
and 15. Two wall cases were provided and several stands were made 
for the new pigeon exhibit in Hall 21. 

A new room was constructed on the fourth floor to serve as a 
divisional library for the Curator of Lower Invertebrates. 

In the Department of Geology, a new storage-study room, begun 
in 1944, was completed with the installation of three new storage 
cases and the purchase of 673 wooden trays. An exhibition case was 
prepared for use in Stanley Field Hall to house the uranium exhibit. 

Room 104 was divided to form offices for the Curator and Assist- 
ant Curator of Paleontology. 

Some assistance was given to the Department of Anthropology 
on installations in the Hall of North American Archaeology (Hall B ) 
and in moving and rearranging cases in several halls. 

Various accessories for portable cases were made for and furnished 
to the Harris Extension. 

The outside hydraulic lift was changed to oil pressure with 
electric push-button control. A new pump was installed and capacity 
was cut from twelve tons to eight tons. 

New wrapper sheets were installed on the rear legs of all four 
boilers and the necessary brick work was torn out and replaced. 
The coal bunkers, the ash-receiving tank and the supply tank in 
the pumproom were lined with stone, to stop corrosion. All four 
boilers were thoroughly cleaned and brick work was repaired where 
necessary. New blow-off valves were installed on circulators. 
Stokers were gone over and necessary repairs made. A new chain 
and rollers were installed on the coal conveyor and a number of 
buckets were replaced; other necessary repairs were made to the 
heating plant. 

All pumps were repacked, and a new rotary assembly was 
installed in one. A new duplex pumping unit was installed in the 
boiler room sump. The hot-water boiler was repaired and a new 
steam coil was installed in the supply tank. 

A new hot-water tank with necessary pipe and fittings was 
installed in the Cafeteria. The remodeling of the Cafeteria required 

 —  — 75- 

the installation of new drain lines, hot- and cold-water piping and 
the moving and connecting of steam table and coffee urns. 

Hall 15 was rewired and outlets were run down the walls. Cases 
were wired with fluorescent fixtures. Two hundred and sixteen units 
were made up and installed. 

In the Lecture Hall, new fluorescent fixtures were hung. 

Two new motors were installed in the mummy X-ray case in 
the Hall of Egyptian Archaeology (Hall J). 

Under the contracts in force, a total of 14,757,120 pounds of 
steam was sold to the Chicago Park District and 15,538,592 pounds 
of steam to the Shedd Aquarium, making a total of 30,295,712 
pounds of steam sold. 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, by-laws, and lists of Members. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 






For Years 1944 and 1945 

Paid July 15-May 21 Jan. 8-Feb. 11 Sept. 3-Sept. 4 Average daily Average paid 

attendance Highest Lowest Highest paid admissions admissions 

(9 ' _•' ; of total) attendance attendance attendance 




Xumber of guides sold 


$9,244.46 $6,926.63 

Sales of publications, leaflets, 
handbooks, portfolios, and 

174,152 150,568 

Xumber of post cards sold 

39,507 40,882 

Number of articles checked 


IS, 779 




Service personnel 

School children 

Teachers Members Students 



1 115,316 



HflflflBX36£v ; ' V'i"/ 1216,827 


fl$SBB^^^^&f C 1 ^^Hfl^^HJ^H 1 542,322 




Comparative Financial Statements 

FOR YEARS 1944 AND 1945 

Income 1945 

Endowment funds $348,336.53 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ment 18,775.99 

Life Membership fund 9,487.74 

Associate Membership fund. . . . 11,956.61 

Chicago Park District 125,879.65 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 15,315.00 

Admissions 26,239.75 

Sundry receipts 22,268.73 

Contributions, general purposes 127.21 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 1,148.52 

Special funds — part expended 
for purposes designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 22,261.12 


Collections $ 11,177.43 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections. . . 42,570.32 

Expeditions 3,550.00 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 3,334.78 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 452.78 

Pensions and group insurance. . 54,963.72 

Departmental expenses 36,633.60 

General operating expenses 303,220.37 

Building repairs and alterations . 38,568.89 

Annuity on contingent gift 25,000.00 

Reserve for building repairs and 
mechanical plant deprecia- 
tion 10,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies arising 

from the War 67,000.00 















$ 5,582.77 




Balance. . . $ 5,324.96 

$ 1,952.85 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1945 1944 

Income from endowment $ 16,609.88 $ 17,299.14 

Expenditures 16,727.49 15,626.52 

Deficit $ 117.61 Balance . . $ 1,672.62 







A f 

H ^ 


- * 

Fig. 27. Above, an exhibit in Hall B, illustrating the life of Woodland Indians in upper 
reat Lakes region. Time about A. D. 1400 — 1700. Examples of articles in daily use during 
e period are included in the exhibit. Miniature dioramas show the differences in social 
ganization and livelihood in winter and summer. Below: enlargement of diorama on left, 
owing life in summer. 


List of Accessions 

Department of Anthropology — Accessions 

Academy of Sciences of the 
U.S.S.R., Institute of Ethnology, 
Leningrad: 66 casts of prehistoric 
skeletal material — Crimea, U.S.S.R. 

Borough Museum, The, Newbury, 
England: 11 pottery fragments (Tell 
Halaf) — Arpachiya, Syria (exchange). 

Buffalo Museum of Science, Buf- 
falo, New York: 1 Iroquois pottery 
vessel — probably New York (exchange). 

David, E. A., Long Island City, 
New York: portrait of woman, wax 
encaustic on wood, 2nd century a.d. — 
Fayyum, Egypt (purchase). 

Felix, Benjamin B., Dundee, Illi- 
nois: 4 pieces of pottery — near Uxmal, 
Yucatan, Mexico (gift). 

Frank, Mrs. Joseph K., Chicago: 
1 Egyptian scarab — locality unknown 

Gibson, Mrs. E. G., Momence, 
Illinois: 1 fish-spearhead of whale bone 
(Yahgan tribe) — Tierra del Fuego 

Guest, Lieut. Comdr. Ward E., 
Chicago: 6 ethnological specimens 
(Toman tribe) — New Hebrides (gift). 

Herzfeld, Dr. Ernst, Princeton, 
New Jersey: More than 600 archaeo- 

mainly pottery- 

logical specimens, 
Iran (purchase). 

Huidekoper, Wallis, Twodot, Mon- 
tana: 18 Navaho blankets and 1 
Sioux club — United States (gift). 

Klapp, T. L. J., Jr., Chicago: 1 
Sac and Fox buffalo robe — Elizabeth, 
Illinois (gift). 

Mead, Estate of Aaron Benedict, 
Evanston, Illinois: 1 inlaid catlinite 
pipe (Sioux or Dakota) and 1 minia- 
ture Etruscan bowl — eastern South 
Dakota and Italy (gift). 

Milwaukee Public Museum, Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin: 4 pots, Woodland 
pattern — Wisconsin (exchange). 

Prentice, Mrs. Clarence C, Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 2 feathered baskets 
(Porno) — California (gift). 

Rendtorff, Comdr. H. K., Pullman, 
Michigan: 1 ceremonial mask (Big 
Namba tribe) — Malekula Island, New 
Hebrides (gift). 

University of Michigan, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 9 ethnological speci- 
mens — Aleutian Islands (exchange). 

Williams, Llewelyn, Chicago: 1 
wooden manioc grater (Kuripako tribe) 
— Venezuela (gift). 

Department of Botany— Accessions 

Ames, Dr. Stanley A., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 236 plant specimens 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Austin, 
Texas: 100 specimens of algae (gift). 

Barman, Olger, Elma, Washington: 
1 economic specimen (gift). 

Barros V., Prof. E., Conception, 
Chile: 115 specimens of Chilean plants 

Bauer, Margaret, Chicago: 2 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 130 
specimens of United States plants, 125 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Blomquist, Dr. H. L., Durham, 
North Carolina: 89 specimens of algae 

Bonner, Mrs. James, Pasadena, 
California: 65 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 



Bowne, George R., Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa: 63 specimens of mosses (ex- 

BRANNON, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 12 specimens of algae (gift). 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brook- 
lyn, New York: 28 plant specimens 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 257 speci- 
mens of United States plants (ex- 

Canal Zone Experiment Gardens, 
Summit, Canal Zone: 4 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Carlson, Walter, Chicago: 1 eco- 
nomic specimen (gift). 

Caylor, Dr. R. L., Cleveland, 
Mississippi: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Chandler, Albert, Kirkwood, Mis- 
souri: 2 specimens of Missouri plants 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Cambridge, Eng- 
land: 80 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Charles, Wilbur, Florence Villa, 
Florida: 1 chart (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark: 11,000 specimens of Venezuelan 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams 
(Field Museum-Venezuelan Govern- 
ment Expedition): 23 economic speci- 

Purchases: 100 plant specimens- 
British West Indies; 63 plant specimens 
—Venezuela; 438 plant specimens- 

Congdon, Mrs. Ada, Reddick, Illi- 
nois: 1 Illinois plant (gift). 

Cooper, I. C. G., Westerleigh, 
Staten Island, New York: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Copulos, Socrates, Chicago: 2 
economic specimens (gift). 

Cramer, Bertha, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Cali, Co- 
lombia: 245 specimens of Colombian 
plants (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 1 
Japanese cherry-bark box and tray, 2 
specimens of Florida plants, 50 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift). 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 3 cultures of Penicillium 
species (gift). 

Davidheiser, Bolton, Trenton, 
North Dakota: 5 specimens of algae 

Dawson, Capt. E. Y., La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Deam, Charles C, BlufFton, Indi- 
ana: 9 specimens of Indiana plants 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 172 specimens of algae 

Diddell, Mrs. W. D., Jacksonville, 
Florida: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Doty, Dr. M. S., Evanston, Illinois: 
119 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Dreyfus Company, L. A., Staten 
Island, New York: 1 economic specimen 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 105 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Duke University, Department of 
Botany, Durham, North Carolina: 
285 specimens of North Carolina 
grasses (exchange). 

Dunn, Dean Paul M., Corvallis, 
Oregon: 2 specimens of Oregon woods 

Ehrhardt, Robert P., Redmond, 
Washington: 24 specimens of algae 

Escuela Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 3,500 speci- 
mens of Honduras plants (gift). 

Eselmont, William H., Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Farlow Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 25 specimens of fungi 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
50 plant specimens (gift). 

Flint, Dr. Lewis H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 21 specimens of algae 

Forrer, Hans, River Grove, Illinois: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Fulton, Mrs. H., Irons, Michigan: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Funk Bros. Seed Company, Bloom- 
ington, Illinois: 18 specimens of inbred 
and hybrid corn (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 117 plant specimens, 31 
photographic prints of type specimens 
of plants (exchange). 

Griffith Laboratories, The, Chi- 
cago: 28 specimens of spices (gift). 

Gronemann, Estate of Carl F., 
Elgin, Illinois: 23 specimens of plant 
galls (gift). 


Harper, Dr. Roland M., Univer- 
sity, Alabama: 1 photographic print 

Harvey, Mrs. Dorothy R., 
Curundu, Canal Zone: 1 plant speci- 
men (gift). 

Haupt, Dr. A. W.j Los Angeles, 
California: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 3 
publications, 3 economic specimens 

Hewetson, W. T., Freeport, Illinois: 
11 specimens of Illinois plants (gift). 

Higinbotham, Dr. Noe, Notre 
Dame, Indiana: 15 specimens of algae 

Hollenberg, Dr. George J., Red- 
lands, California: 3 specimens of algae 


Pacific: 2 packages of Japanese ciga- 
rettes (gift). 

Hunnewell, Francis W., Wellesley, 
Massachusetts: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hutchinson, Dr. G. Evelyn, New 
Haven, Connecticut: 10 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 
Bogota, Colombia: 1 plant specimen 

Instituto del Museo, Universidad 
de La Plata, Departamento de 
Botanica, La Plata, Argentina: 100 
specimens of Argentine plants (ex- 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Univer- 
sidad de Tucuman, Tucuman, Argen- 
tina: 2,337 specimens of Argentine 
plants (exchange). 

Iowa State College, Department 
of Botany, Ames, Iowa: 145 specimens 
of Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Jackson, Dr. J. R., Auburn, Ala- 
bama: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, 

Nebraska: 315 specimens of algae 

(gift); 238 specimens of algae (ex- 

King, Lawrence J., Wooster, Ohio: 
510 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Lamb, A. F. A., Belize, British Hon- 
duras: 31 specimens of British Hon- 
duras plants (gift). 

Le Frois, Bernard, Techny, Illi- 
nois: 3 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Leite, Prof. Jose Eugenio, Bahia, 
Brazil: 69 specimens of Brazilian plants 

Lindsey, Dr. Alton A., Albuquer- 
que, New Mexico: 29 specimens of algae 

Lockwood, Norma, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Louderback, Harold B., Argo, 
Illinois: 91 specimens of algae (gift). 

Macbride, J. Francis, San Jose, Cal- 
ifornia: 6 specimens of Nevada plants, 
279 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

McNeill, Dr. E. M., Athens, West 
Virginia: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Maldonado, Prof. Angel, Lima, 
Peru: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Martin, T/5 Louis B., San Fran- 
cisco, California: 44 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Martinez, Prof. Maximino, Mexico 
City, Mexico: 5 photographs, 60 speci- 
mens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Mary Ursula, Mother, Suffern, 
New York: 5 specimens of algae (gift). 

Matthews, Roy E., Coral Gables, 
Florida: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Missouri: 205 plant specimens 

Mitchell, Pvt. Rodger D., Chi- 
cago: 22 plant specimens (gift). 

Moore, G. E., Sullivan, Missouri: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Moulton, Robert H., Glencoe, 
Illinois: 1 case of teosinte corn (gift). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 304 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 69 plant speci- 
mens, 63 specimens of mosses (ex- 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 234 plant specimens, 318 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) ; 339 
plant specimens (gift). 

Nielsen, Jens E., Chicago: 5 speci- 
mens of algae (gift). 

Northwestern University, De- 
partment of Botany, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 10 wood specimens (gift). 

Oregon State College, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Corvallis, Oregon: 
80 specimens of bryophytes (exchange). 

Osborn, Ben, San Angelo, Texas: 
18 plant specimens (gift). 

Pearsall, Gordon, Chicago: 28 
specimens of Illinois plants (gift). 

Phinney, Dr. Harry K., Evanston, 
Illinois: 37 specimens of algae (gift). 



Fig. 28. Garden monkshood, a 
plant of the buttercup family, 
growing wild in Europe and Asia. 
Recently added to the botanical 
exhibits in Hall 29. 

Pohl, Dr. Richard W., Colorado 
City, Texas: 33 cryptogamic specimens 

Prescott, Dr. G. W., Cheboygan, 
Michigan: 78 specimens of algae (gift). 

Prior, Sophia, Chicago: 75 speci- 
mens of Massachusetts plants (gift). 

Radden, Mrs. Christian F., Chi- 
cago: 3 plant specimens, 2 economic 
specimens (gift). 

Richards, Donald, Chicago: 1,120 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Rogers, S/Sgt. H. J., San Francisco, 
California: 34 specimens of algae from 
New Guinea (gift). 

Romero Castaneda, Senor Rafael, 
Cienago, Magdalena, Colombia: 105 
specimens of Colombian plants (ex- 

Routien, Pvt. John B., Camp 
Bowie, Texas: 15 specimens of algae 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
Surrey, England: 216 specimens of 
South American plants (exchange). 

Runyon, Robert, Brownsville, 
Texas: 250 cryptogamic specimens 

Schaar, B. E., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Scharff, Grace E., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 10 specimens of algae (gift). 

Schick-Johnson Company, Chicago: 
1 specimen of plywood veneer (gift). 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 14 specimens 
of Wisconsin plants (gift). 

Sharp, Dr. Aaron J., Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 115 
plant specimens, 47 photographic nega- 
tives (gift). 

Smith, Len G., Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Soukup, Prof. J., Lima, Peru: 141 
specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 41 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 14,000 plant speci- 
mens, 16 economic specimens (gift). 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 4 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Story, Mrs. H. Elizabeth, Coal 
Run, Ohio: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Swink, F. A., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Taylor, Dr. William R., Ann Arbor 
Michigan: 11 specimens of algae (gift) 


Toole, W. A., Baraboo, Wisconsin: 
23 specimens of pot and medicinal herbs 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Division of Plant 
Exploration and Introduction, 
Beltsville, Maryland: 16 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Forest Service, Wash- 
ington, D.C.: 364 plant specimens 

United States National Arbore- 
tum, Beltsville, Maryland: 19 speci- 
mens of Costa Rican plants (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 702 plant specimens, 
64 photographic prints (exchange). 

University of California, De- 
partment of Botany, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 64 specimens of algae (gift); 
510 cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Chicago: 890 speci- 
mens of cycads, 302 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift). 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 63 specimens of Ecuadorean 
plants, 665 specimens of mosses (ex- 

University of Oklahoma, Depart- 
ment of Plant Sciences, Norman, 
Oklahoma: 134 specimens of Oklahoma 
plants (exchange). 

University of Texas, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Austin, Texas: 237 
specimens of Texas plants, 23 speci- 
mens of algae (exchange). 

University of Washington, De- 
partment of Botany, Seattle, Wash- 
ington: 210 specimens of Idaho plants 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
16 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Vatter, Lieut. Albert, Jr., Glen- 
view, Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Voth, Dr. Paul, Chicago: 16 plant 
specimens, 148 cryptogamic specimens 

Walters, Cliff, Battle Creek, 
Michigan: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Warfel, Dr. H. E., New Haven, 
Connecticut: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Wenzel, Capt. Rupert L., Chicago: 
5 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Whitehouse, Dr. Eula, Electra, 
Texas: 8 photographic prints (gift). 

Wilde, John E., Madison, Wiscon- 
sin: 1 economic specimen (gift). 

Williams, Llewelyn, Chicago: 12 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Witokt, Mrs. Charlotte S., Frank- 
lin Park, Illinois: 4 specimens of fungi 

Wolf, Rev. W., St. Bernard, Ala- 
bama: 1 specimen of hybrid oak (gift). 

Womersley, Dr. H. B. S., Adelaide, 
Australia: 2 cryptogamic specimens 

Young, Bruce, Jr., San Francisco, 
California: 9 cryptogamic specimens 


Zeigler, Lieut. S. H., U.S.N.R., 
Squantum, Massachusetts: 18 plant 
specimens from Attu Island (gift). 

Department of Geology — Accessions 

Arpee, Levon Harris, Chicago: 8 
specimens of fossil crustaceans and 
fossil plants — Wilmington, Illinois (gift). 

Bannon, Donald, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of marl — Gatun, Panama Canal 
Zone (gift). 

Bruegger, C. N., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of native copper — near Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Harry E. Changnon: 4 
rock specimens — near Kankakee, Illi- 

Collected by Dr. Paul O. McGrew: 
2 specimens of fresh-water marl and 

9 specimens of barite roses — near 
Wounded Knee, South Dakota. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt: 
1 specimen of Ostrea — Evergreen, Vir- 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams 
(Field Museum-Venezuelan Govern- 
ment Botanical Expedition, 1942): 
1 specimen of biotite granite with 
aplitic dike — Rio Atabapo, Venezuela. 

Purchases: collection of vertebrate 
fossils — Florida. 

Clark, Dr. Edward, Rolla, Mis- 
souri: 20 specimens of fossil fish — Cass- 
ville, Missouri (gift). 


Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 1 specimen of desert sand- 
Biskra, North Africa (gift). 

Galbreath, Ph. M. 2/c Edwin C, 
Springfield, Illinois: femur of C<inis 
latrans — near Ashmore, Illinois (gift). 

Groesbeck, Dr. M. J., Porterville, 
California: 1 specimen of chalcedony 
after stilbite and 1 specimen of por- 
phyritic diorite — California (gift). 

Higgins, Mrs. Tracy, Chicago: 
11 specimens of rock — near Wilkes 
Barre, Pennsylvania (gift). 

Kudrua, Mrs. A. J., Berwyn, 
Illinois: 1 specimen of tin ore — Rapid 
City, South Dakota (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana: 1 specimen of Orthoceras — Kin- 
nekulle, Sweden (gift). 

Look, Alfred A., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: 9 barite crystals and 10 cal- 
cite crystals — Grand Junction, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Mayfield, Eugene, Chicago: 1 
specimen of Annularia longifolia — 
Mazon Creek, Illinois (gift). 

McAllister, T. H., Bowling Green, 
Kentucky: 9 specimens of rock- 
Canada (gift). 

Norvell, Stevens T., Western 
Springs, Illinois: 1 nail-head spar- 
near Grand Junction, Colorado (gift). 

Paba, Fernando, Colombia, South 
America: 3 specimens of bituminous 
coal — Colombia, South America (gift). 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michi- 
gan : 4 specimens of meteorites — various 
localities (gift). 

Portis, James, Chicago: 1 step-cut 
citrine — South America (gift). 

Russell, Mrs. E. A., Chicago: 1 jade 
ornament (gift). 

Thoroman, M. C, Columbia Falls, 
Montana: 10 mineral crystals, 5 speci- 
mens of fossil wood and 1 specimen of 
ore — Flathead County, Montana (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Chicago: 
5 specimens of vertebrate fossils — 
South Dakota and Wyoming (gift). 

Zay, Ann, Oak Park, Illinois: 5 
geological specimens (gift). 

Anonymous: 1 monazite crystal — 
New Mexico (gift). 

Department of Zoology — Accessions 

Abendroth, Herman, Chicago: 1 
bird — Ford County, Illinois (gift). 

Albrecht, C. J., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal — Timber Lake, South 
Dakota (gift). 

A. and M. College of Texas, 
College Station, Texas: 4 mammals- 
North America (exchange). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 1 plate of baleen 
from finback whale — North Atlantic 

Bangston, J. D., Mason, Texas: 
1 mammal — Texas (gift). 

Banner, S/Sgt. G., South Pacific: 
33 reptiles — Molucca Islands (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Flint, Michigan: 
1 reptile — St. Petersburg, Florida (gift). 

Barnes, R. Magoon, Lacon, Illinois: 
39,317 birds' eggs — various localities 

Beecher, Corp. William J., Chica- 
go: 10 mammals, 301 birds, 2 reptiles, 
1 amphibian, 32 insects — South Pacific 

Bell, Lewis W., Oak Park, Illinois: 
1 bird — domestic (gift). 

Benesh, Bernard, North Chicago, 
Illinois: 34 beetles — New Zealand (gift). 

Bevans, Corp. Michael H., South 
Pacific: 2 reptiles — South Pacific (gift). 

Bischof, Michael S., Los Angeles, 
California: 14 marine invertebrates — 
Catalina Island, California (gift). 

Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii: 
2 shells — Caroline Islands (gift). 

Boehland, Robert R., Rockford, 
Illinois: 2 birds — domestic (gift). 

Boyd, D. H., Chesterton, Indiana: 
1 bird — Indiana (gift). 

Brennan, James M., Hamilton, 
Montana: 1 reptile — Montana (gift). 

Buri, H. Eric, Birmingham, New 
Jersey: 1 bird — domestic (gift). 

Burt, Dr. Charles E., Topeka, 
Kansas: 2 amphibians — Antlers, Okla- 
homa (gift). 

Buzennius, Sid, Berwyn, Illinois: 
1 bird — domestic (gift). 

Chenery, E. M., Port-of-Spain, Trin- 
idad, B.W.I. : 11 birds— Trinidad, B.W. 
I. (gift). 


Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren and 
Emil Sella (Marshall Field Botanical 
Expedition to the Amazon): 8 insects— 
Fordlandia, Brazil. 

Collected by Department of Botany: 
108 shells— United States. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt: 
3 mammals, 2 birds, 695 reptiles and 
amphibians, 1 fish, 263 shells, 350 
insects — Texas and Mexico. 

Collected by Jose Shunke: 10 birds- 

Purchases: 30 mammals, 264 birds, 
36 amphibians, 63 shells — various local- 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 13 mammals, 58 
birds, 5 reptiles — various localities 

Clark, Emily A., Boston, Massa- 
chusetts: 10 reptiles — Wushishi, Nigeria 

Clay, Theresa, London, England: 
10 paratypes and 3 neoparatypes of 
lice — Bolivia (gift). 

Coe, Dr. Wesley C, La Jolla, 
California: 46 mussels — Pacific coast 
of United States (gift). 

Conant, Roger, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania: 27 reptiles — Delaware, Mary- 
land, and Virginia (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 41 
birds, 3 eggs — various localities (gift). 

Cronican, Mrs. William, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 1 reptile — Homewood, 
Illinois (gift). 

Davis, Corp. D. Dwight, Naper- 
ville, Illinois: 1 mammal skull, 1 reptile 
-Texas (gift). 

Deeds, O. J., Cedar Rapids, Iowa: 
1 insect — Cedar Rapids, Iowa (gift). 

Dushane, Dr. Graham P., Chicago: 
17 newts — Cook County, Illinois (gift). 

Dybas, S/Sgt. Henry S., Chicago: 
9 reptiles, 1 amphibian, 110 fishes, 
696 insects and their allies, 78 marine 
invertebrates — various localities (gift). 

Edgar, Lieut. S. A., South Pacific: 
64 marine invertebrates — Eniwetok, 
Marshall Islands (gift). 

Foss, Mrs. Dorothy, Chicago: 2 
mammals— domestic (gift). 

French, Norman, Springfield, Illi- 
nois: 2 reptiles, 3 insects — Texas and 
Arizona (gift). 

Galbreath, Ph. M. 2/c Edwin C, 
Springfield, Illinois: 4 fishes, 1 spider- 
South Pacific (gift). 

Gay, Dr. Robert, Chicago: 1 bird- 
Illinois (gift). 

Grant, Walter O., Chicago: 1 bird 
— domestic (gift). 

Greeley, Mrs. Frederick, Madi- 
son, Wisconsin: 3 snakes, 46 shells- 
various localities (gift). 

Gregg, Dr. Robert E., Boulder, 
Colorado: 1 amphibian — Ward, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Gregory, Stephen S., jR.,Winnetka, 
Illinois: 1 reptile — Marquette County, 
Michigan (gift). 

Groh Brothers, Chicago: 1 bird- 
domestic (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 55 
shells — Chicago (gift). 

Hagen, S/Sgt. E., South Pacific: 
10 fishes— South Pacific (gift). 

Hall, Harvey, Homewood, Illinois: 
1 reptile — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Held, Mrs. Katherine, Chicago: 
1 spider — Chicago (gift). 

Herz, Estate of Arthur Wolf, 
Chicago: 175 insects — various localities 


Pacific: 75 mammals, 43 mammal 
skulls, 20 birds, 55 fishes, 25 inverte- 
brates — South Pacific (gift). 

Jewett, Pfc. Stanley, Jr., South 
Pacific: 5 birds — South Pacific (gift). 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 
71 reptiles, 37 amphibians— Texas (gift). 

Jones, Dr. T. S., St. Augustine, 
Trinidad, B.W.I. : 4 mammals — Trini- 
dad, B.W.I, (gift). 

Kapturski, A., Chicago: 1 bird- 
domestic (gift). 

Klauber, L. M., San Diego, Cali- 
fornia: 2 reptiles (gift). 

Klug, R. J., Chicago: 1 lizard in 
copal — Africa (gift). 

Koehler, Joseph N., Chicago: 2 
birds — domestic (gift). 

Kohn, Pvt. Robert R., South Paci- 
fic: 1 reptile — South Pacific (gift). 

Kurfess, Ensign John, South 
Pacific: 19 reptiles, 11 amphibians, 
3 insects — various localities (gift). 

Laenen, M., Molenbeek, Belgium: 
1 bird, 1 bird painting — Belgium (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 6 mam- 
mals, 12 birds, 1 reptile — various 
localities (gift). 

Little, Ph. M. 3/c J. G., South Paci- 
fic: 2 reptiles — Guam (gift). 


The crowned pigeon, found only 
in New Guinea; largest of the 
wild pigeons and one of the most 
beautiful, the subject of many 
attempts at domestication. 

The fantail pigeon, in which selec- 
tive breeding has exaggerated the 
courtship pose. 

The baldhead tumbler, repre- 
senting a group of domestic pig- 
eon races remarkable for erratic 
evolutions in the air. 

Fig. 29. Specimens from two new cases (Hall 21), in which wild pigeon 
species, the result of natural selection, are contrasted with domestic pigeons, pro- 
duced by artificial selection. 


Lowenstam, Dr. H. A., Urbana, 
Illinois: 4 amphibians — Rhinelander, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Lunz, G. Robert, Jr., Charleston, 
South Carolina: 1 marine crustacean— 
Kiawah Island, South Carolina (gift). 

Marshall, Dr. Ruth, Wisconsin 
Dells, Wisconsin: 4,291 vials water 
mites, 1,128 microscope slides water 
mites, 92 pinned water mites, card file 
and publications — various localities 

Marx, Pfc. Kevin W., South 
Pacific: 7 reptiles, 1 fish — South Pacific 

May, J. F., Colorado Springs, Colo- 
rado: 15 insects — Central and South 
America (exchange). 

McGinty, Thomas L., Boynton 
Beach, Florida: 83 shells— Florida 

Mead, Lieut. H. R., Africa: 8 
fishes — Africa (gift). 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 25 
insects — Terre Haute, Indiana (gift). 

Miller, E. O., China Springs, 
Texas: 2 reptiles — Texas (gift). 

Milstead, William, Houston, 
Texas: 10 reptiles — Harris County, 
Texas (gift). 

Mitchell, Pvt. Roger D., Wheaton, 
Illinois: 2 reptiles, 31 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Mohr, Capt. Carl, South Pacific: 
10 mammals — Philippine Islands (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1 mammal 
— Peru (exchange). 

Museum of Natural History, 
Lawrence, Kansas: 12 mammals — 
Kansas (exchange). 

Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 226 fishes — various localities 

Nelson, Charles D., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 748 shells — various localities 

Neumann, Dr. Oscar, Chicago: 2 
birds — Deer Plain, Illinois (gift). 

Neumann, Paul, Chicago: 8 insects 
-Florida (gift). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
83 mammals, 1 bird — Mexico (gift). 

Parmer, Mrs. H., Birnamwood, 
Wisconsin: 1 bird nest — Birnamwood, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Patterson, Sgt. Bryan, Chicago: 
236 insects, 569 lower invertebrates — 
various localities (gift). 

Perkins, Marlin, Chicago: 1 rep- 
tile — Arkansas (gift). 

Poe, Frances, Wilmette, Illinois: 

1 mammal — Wilmette, Illinois (gift). 
Postel, Harold H., Chicago: 1 

bird — Chicago (gift). 

Ramstadt, Herb, Waukegan, Illi- 
nois: 1 Indian skull — Colorado (gift). 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 14 reptiles, 

2 fishes, 19 lots of invertebrates — 
South Pacific (gift). 

Richardson, E. C, Chicago: 1 
mammal — Elmhurst, Illinois (gift). 

Ricketts, E. F., Robles del Rio, 
California: 177 fishes— British Colum- 
bia (gift). 

Rittner, Fred, Chesterton, Indiana: 
1 bird — Chesterton, Indiana (gift). 

Rueckert, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur 
G., Chicago: 9 reptiles, 8 amphibians, 
99 insects — Florida (gift). 

Sanborn, Colin C, Chicago: 10 
reptiles, 13 fishes, 104 lots invertebrates 
— Hawaii (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal skull and pelvis, 2 
reptiles — Texas and Illinois (gift). 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Chicago: 
1 insect paratype — Rosarito Beach, 
Lower California (gift). 

Shemroske Brothers, Chicago: 1 
bird — domestic (gift). 

Shuler, Lieut. Everett W., South 
Pacific: 27 shells— South Pacific (gift). 

Sible, Art, and Roger Brugge- 
meyer, Chicago: 1 bird — Chicago (gift). 

Slater, Lieut, (j.g.), J. A., U.S.N. R., 
South Pacific: 2 reptiles — Okinawa 

Smith, Clarence R., Aurora, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal, 2 reptiles — Aurora, 
Illinois (gift). 

Smith, Dr. J. L. B., Grahamstown, 
Africa: 1 fish scale — Portuguese East 
Africa (gift). 

Solem, Alan, Oak Park, Illinois: 2 
shells — Tinian, Mariana Islands (gift). 

Sommerman, Kathryn M., Urbana, 
Illinois: 1 insect — Fort McPherson, 
Georgia (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 1 reptile, 10 insects, 
38 marine invertebrates — various local- 
ities (gift). 

Stimson, A. C, Houston, Texas: 
1 reptile — Harris County, Texas (ex- 


Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 1 
bird, 3 insects — Illinois (gift). 

Strebing, Charles, Lyons, Illinois: 

1 bird — domestic (gift). 

Susong, Mrs. Charles J., Coral 
Gables, Florida: 91 snails — Everglades, 

Taylor, Dr. Walter P., College 
Station, Texas: 1 reptile — College Sta- 
tion, Texas (gift). 

Thompson Collection, Elaine 
Anne, Ferndale, Michigan: 13 plaster 
casts of animal tracks — Michigan (gift). 

Traub, Capt. Robert, India: 2 
mammals, 13 reptiles, 18 amphibians, 
31 insects — India (gift). 

Tripp, W. H., New Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts: 1 jagging wheel, 2 bodkins- 
various localities (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 500 marine inverte- 
brates — various localities (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 

2 mammals — domestic (gift). 

University Museum, Bowling 
Green, Ohio: 1 mammal— Jerry City, 
Ohio (exchange). 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, New 
York: 1 marine snail egg mass — St. 
Petersburg, Florida (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 1 fish, 
100 shells— Florida (gift). 

Wenzel, Capt. Rupert, Oak Park, 
Illinois: 12 reptiles, 7 amphibians- 
Brazil (gift). 

Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 2 
scrimshaws — localities unknown (gift). 

Woods, Lieut. Loren P., U.S.N. R., 
Japan: 7 reptiles, 2 amphibians, 112 
fishes — various localities (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, 
Illinois: 63 reptiles, 17 amphibians- 
Switzerland and Ecuador (gift). 

Zappel, Harold, Chicago: 1 bird- 
Chicago (gift). 

Zay, Ann, Oak Park, Illinois: 2 ear 
bones — Alaska (gift). 

Raymond Foundation — Accessions 

American Council of Education: 

66 slides (gift). 
Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Made by Division of Photography: 

2 slides. 

Purchase: 1 slide. 

Yule, Robert, Chicago: 392 slides 

Division of Photography — Accessions 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Made by Division of Photography: 

18,310 prints, 995 negatives, 151 

enlargements, 272 lantern slides, 10 

transparencies, and 54 color films. 

Museum of Modern Art, New 
York: 69 negatives of Chicago Natural 
History Museum specimens. 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 3 negatives of Angora goats. 

Library Accessions — List of Donors: Institutions 

Albuquerque National Trust and Sav- 
ings Bank, Albuquerque, New Mex- 

American Fuchsia Society, San Fran- 
cisco, California. 

American Museum of Natural History, 
New York. 

American Optical Company, Buffalo, 
New York. 

Anuario Bibliografico Cubano, Havana, 

Bakelite Corporation, New York. 

Bausch and Lomb, Rochester, New 

B. F. Goodrich Company, Akron, Ohio. 

Biblioteca de Autores Nacionales, Am- 
bata, Ecuador. 


British Information Services, New 

Burgess Manning Company, Chicago. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D.C. 

Celanese Corporation, New York. 

Chicago Technical College, Chicago. 

Chrysler Corporation, Detroit, Michi- 

Cleveland Press Public Service Bureau, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Conferencia Interamericano de Agricul- 
turo, Caracas, Venezuela. 

Czechoslovak National Council of 

America, Chicago. 
Dow Chemical Company, Midland, 

Essex County Ornithological Club, 

Salem, Massachusetts. 

Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, 
Akron, Ohio. 

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, 

Greyhound Motor Coach Transporta- 
tion Company, Chicago. 

Hoover Company, North Canton, Ohio. 

Institute for Intercultural Studies, Inc., 

New York. 
Insurance Company of North America, 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Inter-American Development Commis- 
sion, Washington, D.C. 

International Theatrical Television 
Corporation of Illinois, Chicago. 

Investors Syndicate, Minneapolis, Min- 
John Crerar Library, Chicago. 
Kohler Company, Kohler, Wisconsin. 

Library of International Relations, 

Magazine Digest, Montreal, Canada. 

Manitoba Department of Mines and 
Natural Resources, Winnipeg, Can- 

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 

Miller Laboratories, North Bergen, 
New Jersey. 

New Mexico College of Agriculture and 
Mechanic Arts, State College, New 

National Research Council, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Nierendorf Gallery, New York. 

Norwegian Embassy, Washington, D.C. 

Office of Strategic Services, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Rhode Island Industrial Commission, 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

Rohm and Haas Company, Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. 

Roosevelt Memorial Association, New 

Salubridad y Asistencia, Mexico City, 

Sociedad Cubana de Botanica, Havana, 

Sound Track, Chicago. 

South Africa, Department van Binne- 
landse Sake Argeoliese Buro, Johan- 

South Bend Lathe Works, South Bend, 

Soviet Russia, New York. 

Steel Sales Corporation, Chicago. 

Sugar Research Foundation, New York. 

Swift and Company, Chicago. 

Thomas A. Edison, Inc., West Orange, 
New Jersey. 

Travelers Insurance Companies, Hart- 
ford, Connecticut. 

United Air Lines Transport Corpora- 
tion, Chicago. 
United China Relief News, New York. 

United States Department of Interior, 
Office of Indian Affairs, Chicago. 

United States Forest Service, Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 

United States Naval Academy, Annap- 
olis, Maryland. 

Venezuela, Embassy of, Washington, 

Wells Dickey Company, St. Louis, 


Western Union Telegraph Company, 
New York. 

Westinghouse Electric Supply Com- 
pany, Chicago. 

Wyoming Game and Fish Commission, 
Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

YMCA College, Chicago. 

— 91 — 

Library Accessions — List of Donors: Individuals 

Aldis, Graham, Chicago. 
Anderson, C. C, and Sorenson, J. H., 
Invercargill, New Zealand. 

Anderson, Edgar, St. Louis, Missouri. 
Antevs, Ernst, Globe, Arizona. 
Baldwin, Paul H., Honolulu, Hawaii. 
Barkley, Fred, Austin, Texas. 
Bayalis, John, Chicago. 
Beer, Emil, Berwyn, Illinois. 
Benesh, Bernard, North Chicago, Illi- 
Berry, Brewton, Columbia, Missouri. 

Boggs, R. S., Chapel Hill, North Caro- 

Bolio, Jose Diaz, Mexico City, Mexico. 

Bourgeois, Julia F., Mixcoac, Mexico. 

Bowen, Norman L., Chicago. 

Bremekamp, C.E.B., Amsterdam, 
The Netherlands. 

Brownlee, Roland H., Washington, 

Cameron, Meribeth E., Milwaukee, 

Carl, G. Clifford, Victoria, British 

Cawston, F. Gordon, Durban, Natal, 
South Africa. 

Charny, Gertrude, Chicago. 

Chrysler, M. A., New Brunswick, New 

Clark, A. M., Melbourne, Australia. 
Collier, Donald, Chicago. 
Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 
Cooley, R. A., Hamilton, Montana. 
Corning, William H., Chicago. 
Councel, Paul, Los Angeles, California. 
Cummings, C. J., Oakland, California. 
Dahlberg, Albert A., Chicago. 
Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago. 
Daniel, H., Medellin, Colombia. 
Dansereau, Pierre, Montreal, Canada. 
Degener, Otto, Poughquag, New York. 
Dos Passos, Cyril F., and Grey, L. P., 
New York. 

Dossick, Jesse J., New York. 

DuMont, Dr. Allen B., New York. 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago. 

Fattig, P. W., Emory University, 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Fox, R. M., Los Angeles, California. 
Gabrielson, Dr. Ira N., Washington, 

Galway, Desma H., Provo, Utah. 

Geiser, S. W., Dallas, Texas. 

Gerhard, W. J., Chicago. 

Gilbert, Mabel C. and Ross W., Oak- 
land, California. 

Gillette, J. M., Grand Forks, North 

Goodson, Orr, Chicago. 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Chicago. 

Groskin, Horace, Philadelphia, Penn- 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago. 

Haller, Karl W., Sewickley, Pennsyl- 

Harlow, William M., Syracuse, New 

Harned, Mrs. M. R., Rockford, Illinois. 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago. 

Herman, Carlton M., Sacramento, 

Heyser, Frank L., Chicago. 

Honigsheim, Paul, East Lansing, Mich- 

Hornell, James, St. Leonard-on-Sea, 

Hull, Frank M., Cambridge, Massa- 

Hunziker, Armando T., Buenos Aires, 

Jellison, William L., Washington, D.C. 
Just, Theodor, Notre Dame, Indiana. 
Kelso, Leon, Washington, D.C. 

Klingman, Albert M., Philadelphia, 

Larsson, G., Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Lehmann V., F. Carlos, Popayan, 

Liscombee, Lila, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Lund, M. Elizabeth, New York. 

McGrew, Dr. Paul 0., Chicago. 

McLaughlin, J. F., New York. 

Maldonado, Dr. Angel, Lima, Peru. 

Mansueti, Romeo, Pittsburg, Cali- 

Marshall, Dr. Ruth, Wisconsin Dells, 

Mather, Alice Hyatt, La Grange, 

Mears, Eliot Grinnell, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California. 


Mendez Chavarria, Cesar H., Jujuy, 

Menzes, Rui Simoes, Ceara, Brazil. 

Miller, Henry, Chicago. 

Nabil, F., San Francisco, California. 

Neve, Emma, Chicago. 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 

O'Brien, J. J. and O'Brien, M. W., 
South Bend, Indiana. 

Oliveira Pinto, Oliverio Mario, Sao 
Paulo, Brazil. 

Ordetx, Gonzalo S., Miami, Florida. 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago. 

Palmer, E. Laurence, Ithaca, New 

Parr, Dr. Albert E., New York. 

Peabody, Frank E., Berkeley, Cali- 

Peters, James L., Cambridge, Massa- 

Phelps, William H., Jr., Caracas, 

Poister, John J., New York. 

Pope, Clifford H., Chicago. 

Psota, Mrs. Pauline, Chicago. 

Reed, Howard S., Berkeley, California. 

Richards, Donald, Chicago. 

Ringuelet, Raul, La Plata, Argentina. 

Robertson, Mrs. Harold R., Buffalo, 
New York. 

Rogers, Raymond, Wilmington, Cali- 

Ross, Lillian, Chicago. 

Rubin de la Borbolla, Dr. Daniel F., 
Mexico City, Mexico. 

Rukeyser, Merryle Stanley, New 
Rochelle, New York. 

Sanborn, Colin C, Chicago. 

Shadle, Albert R., Buffalo, New York. 

Slipp, J. W., Tacoma, Washington. 

Sinsheimer, Allen, Chicago. 

Souza, Dr. Narciso, Meridio, Yucatan, 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Stellfeld, Carlos, Curitiba, Parana, 

Sternitzky, R. F., Cambridge, Massa- 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago. 

Strong, Dr. Reuben M., Chicago. 

Taylor, Walter P., College Station, 

Thoma, Jessie, Washington, D.C. 

Thompson, J. Eric, Harvard, Massa- 

Tiegs, O. W., Melbourne, Australia. 

Van Riet Lowe, C, Johannesburg, 
South Africa. 

Voth, Paul D., Chicago. 

Walters, Leon L., Chicago. 

Weitzel, R. B., Washington, D.C. 

Wood, Harold B., Harrisburg, Penn- 

Wood, Miriam, Chicago. 

Woodruff, R. E., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago. 

Wynne, Frances E., Bronx Park, New 

Yule, Robert, Chicago. 
Zimmerman, H. P., Chicago. 

Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 
To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893 for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copv 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Nou\ therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do herebv certifv 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


I Seal ] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

Pirr^»JA e „ name of such cor P or ation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Pifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock 
Lmil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

, |; The r lotion of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


at „ Ge °rg e A E - Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ) 

}• ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 

Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 


the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum— 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 


NOMINATING committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History Mu- 
seum may be made in securities, money, books, or collections. 
They may, if desired, take the form of a memorial to a person or 
cause, to be named by the giver. 

Contributions made to the Museum are allowable as deductions 
in computing net income for federal income tax purposes, subject 
only to the limitation that the total deduction for charitable gifts 
may not exceed in any year 15 per cent of the contributor's net 

Contributions and bequests in any amount to Chicago Natural 
History Museum are exempt from federal gift and estate taxes. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her lifetime. 

For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum the fol- 
lowing form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural History 
Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 

List of Members 



Marshall Field* 

Those who 
Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 


have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 

Judson, Clay 

Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1945 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 
White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 
Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

eminent service to the Museum 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Humbert, Professor 


Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George P.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Barnes, R. Magoon* 
* Deceased 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockfeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

— — 105 


Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus 

Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Doering, O. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 

* Deceased 

Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzuis, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Judson, Clay 

Knight, Charles R. 

Deceased, 1945 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 

McCuIloch, Charles A. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 

Straus, Mrs. Oscar S. 



Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Collins, William M. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 

Cushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCulloch, Charles A. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

107 — 

LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 

Bendix, Vincent 
Brown, Charles Edward 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 

Stewart, Robert W. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Deceased, 1945 
Carr, Robert F. 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Hixon, Robert 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

King, Charles Garfield 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Stirton, Robert C. 

non-resident life members 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Bennett, Mrs. Irene 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 




p> ,*•# 

1 •''..'• j ". 


... "■* j 

Fig. 30. Ptari-tepui, an isolated mountain in the Venezuelan savanna, recently 
explored by a botanical expedition of the Museum. 

108 — 


Those ivho have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Aishton, Richard H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 

Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babb, W. E. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, James J. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 

Bartelme, John'H. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beasley, Dr. Edward W. 
Beck, Alexander 
Beck von Peccoz, 

Baroness Martha 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 



Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph • 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 


Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. Bradford 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 

Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 



Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 

Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges, II 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B . 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cates, Dudley 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Ceding, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 

Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 


Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Dean, Samuel Edward 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
deKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 



Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Donohue, William F. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy 


Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 

Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S._ 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, George F. 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 



Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Mrs. John J. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. 

Maude M. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 

Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Georgs, Fred W. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 


Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 



Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 

Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hass, G. C. 

Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heffernan, Miss Lily 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 

Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Clinton W. 



Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hovt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 

Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 

Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 

Fig. 31. Pottery jar (ca. 
3500 B.C.), from Tepe 
Giyan, Iran. Decorated 
with stylized figures of 
birds with two heads and 
wavy lines in molded 
relief. Such bird figures 
are known as "bird 
combs." This jar is one 
of a unique collection of 
archaeological objects se- 
cured in Iran by Dr. Ernst 
Herzfeld and recently pur- 
chased by the Museum. 

— 115 — 


Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junckunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 

Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Komiss, David S. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, John H. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 

Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 

Kramer, Leroy 

Kraus, Peter J. 

Kraus, Samuel B. 

Kreidler, D. C. 

Kresl, Carl 

Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Herman L., Jr. 

Kropff, C. G. 

Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 

Krutckoff, Charles 

Kuehn, A. L. 

Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 

Kuhl, Harry J. 

Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 

Kunka, Bernard J. 

Kunstadter, Albert 

Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 

Kurfess, John Fredric 

Kurtz, W. O. 

Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 



Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Le vinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 

Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lochman, Philip 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 

Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs.Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAllister, Sydney G. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 



McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L 
McCloud, Walter S. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal,Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 

Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, H. J. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 

Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. 

George H. 
Muszynski, John J. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 



Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Eugene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
OfReld, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Palmer, James L. 

Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardee, Harvey 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 

Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Preston, Fred A. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 



Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, William J. 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 

Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 

Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 

120 — 


Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shambaugh, Dr. 

George E. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidlev, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sigman, Leon 

Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 

Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Eglantine Daisy 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stoll, John O. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 

121 — 


Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Tavlor, James L. 
Tavlor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clavton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 

Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 

Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henrv A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harrv L. 
Wells, John E. 

122 — 


Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 

Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 

Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Abbott, Guy H. 

Barnett, Otto R. 
Berryman, John B. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Bistor, James E. 
Blish, Sylvester 
Burgess, Charles F. 

Cole, Leopold E. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cushman, Arthur W. 

Davis, Dean W. 
Deery, Thomas A. 
Doering, Mrs. 

Edmund J., Jr. 
Donnelly, Frank 

Frank, Dr. Ira 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 

Deceased, 1945 

Gann, David B. 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Green, Miss Mary 

Hallmann, August F. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Hoier, William V. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horton, George T. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 

Jacobs, Walter H. 

Kline, Sol 

Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 

Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
McCormick, Mrs. 
Alexander A. 

McCoy, Herbert N. 
Mclnerney, John L. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, William S. 

Neilson, Mrs. Francis 

Pauling, Edward G. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Phelps, Mason 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pohn, Jacob S. 

Roberts, Dr. S. M. 

Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Swan, Oscar H. 

Taylor, George Halleck 

Weaver, Charles A. 
Witkowsky, Leon 



Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Colby, Carl 
Lindboe, S. R. 
Meevers, Harvey 

Mitchell, W. A. 
Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 
Eitel, Emil Meyerhoff, A. E. Perry, Peter M. 

Fay, Eugene C. Mills ' Lloyd Lan S don Shillinglaw, David L. 

Lynch, J. W. Page, John W. Treadwell, H. A. 

Fig. 32. '"How soon does the show begin? " 



Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Aagaard, Walter S. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adams, Dr. Walter A. 
Adler, Jay 

Adler, Mrs. William S. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Agar, Mrs. William G. 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Alcorn, Mrs. William R. 
Aldrich, Mrs. L. E. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, John F. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allbright, R. D. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Aller, Mrs. Henry D. 
Allman, George D. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Altman, Miss Isabel M. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Ambrose, J. F. 
Ambrose, Ralph 
Ameismaier, Julius 
Anagnost, Themis 
Andrus, Royal V. 
Anschicks, R. J. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R. 
Appleton, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Arado, A. D. 
Aranoff, Kenneth 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armbruster, F. C. 
Armstrong, George M. 
Arndt, Albert 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Atwater, Mrs. Pierce 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Auerbach, Dr. Bernard 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 

Auty, K. A. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avildsen, Clarence 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach, Peter A. 
Bach, Thomas J. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Baer, Mrs. D. Arthur 
Baker, Mrs. Eloise 

Baldwin, James L. 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Balke, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, Mrs. Albert H. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Mrs. 

Lawrence A. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barrett, Timothy A. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartky, Mrs. Walter 
Basler, Norbert 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bastien, Mrs. A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. Harry C. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 
Beifus, Morris 
Belden, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Bellows, Charles A. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengston, Henry 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benner, Miss Harriet 

Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benzin, Otto A. 
Berberian, Hagop 
Bergen, Garrett L. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. O. 
Berk, Ben 
Berman, Irving 
Bernstein, George E. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bichl, Francis G., Jr. 
Bichl, G. J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biesel, Fred 
Bigane, Joseph F. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Bigelow, Royston H. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Bingham, J. Lyman 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bishop, James R. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blake, Robert W. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blaz, Maurice C. 
Bleeden, Beryl 
Blitzsten, Mrs. Harry K. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Boening, Mrs. Louis A. 
Bogoff, Henry 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boley, Elbert L. 
Bolla, Dr. E. L. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Paul H. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borcherding, O. D. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borin, Charles 



Borland, C. A. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, John H. 
Boswell, Mrs. J. Stewart 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bovee, Fred G. 
Bovenkerk, Mrs. Marie J. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Claude D. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Boyle, Mrs. John R. 
Bradford, Mrs. 

Chester T. 
Bradley, Mrs. 

Benjamin W. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Branit, J. T. 
Brant, Rev. Gordon E. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Breen, John A. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Breskin, Louis A. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Everett Robert 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brine, John H. 
Brinkman, Fred 
Broderick, W. J. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bronsky, Edward M. 
Brook, P. D. 
Broude, Mrs. William S. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Browne, Mrs. Grace 

Bruce, Harley N. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buik, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burke, L. J. 
Burkhardt, Mrs. 

Ralph E. 
Burman, Henry L. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burton, Mrs. Anna W. 
Burton, Robert N. 
Burull, Miss Ruth M. 
Busch, Albert 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Mrs. Evelyn 
Butterfield, Peter Edwin 
Butz, Mrs. Robert O. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, C. Roy 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Card, William H. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, H. R. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carson, Chester M. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Caspers, Mrs. Raymond I. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cassidy, Mrs. James Lyle 
Castens, Milton S. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Channon, Carl 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Chertow, David 
Chester, Morton C. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 

Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christenson, Dr. P. J. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Ciccone, Tony 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clarage, Arthur T. 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, E. L. 
Clark, Mrs. Peter S. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Mrs. Robert K. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus 

Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clasen, W. N. 
Cleary, Mrs. James M. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Mrs. J. S. 
Clifton, Dr. Willie Mae 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Cochran, Mrs. 

Thomas H. 
Coen, T. M. 
Coggin, William B. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohn, Harry 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Coleman, Harold 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D. 
Conaway, E. A. 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conquest, Victor 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Corper, Erwin 
Corrigan, Mrs. 

Michael J. 



Costello, A. B. 
Costigan, Mrs. 

Eve Charles 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Covington, John R. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Coyne, Richard T. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crandell, S. H. 
Creange, A. L. 
Crist, Luther E. 
Crites, Joe 
Crockett, Wells E. 
Cronkhite, A. C. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Crown, Mrs. Irving 
Culbertson, James G. 

Samuel A., II 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, Mrs. Tilden 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Secor 
Curda, Frank R. 
Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Dailv, Francis L. 
Dale, Arthur G. 
Dale, Dr. Maurice L. 
Dale, Thomas C. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Dancer, Howard Mix 
Daniel, Norman 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darr, H. S. 
Darrow, Gerard B. 
Darrow, William Dwight 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davis, A. D. 
Davis, Mrs. Abel 
Davis, Arthur G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dawson, John A. 
Dean, Mrs. S. E., Jr. 
Decker, Edward 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, Mrs. Orville A. 

Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Deffenbaugh, Roy R. 
Degener, August W. 
DeLonghe, H. F. 
DeMets, Pierre A. 
Dempsey, John S. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
Derkers, George C. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Arthur W. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingeldein, Karl A. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dirckx, C. Joseph 
Dispenza, N. R. 
Dixon, Mrs. Janet 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Doepp, Mrs. William 
Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donaldson, Dan 
Donaldson, Miss Mima L. 
Donaldson, Richard J. 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Doroshaw, J. M. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dover, S. M. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Dreffein, Mrs. Henry A. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubek, John J., Jr. 
Dubiel, Dr. John C. 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dubkin, Leonard 
Dulsky, Louis 
Duncan, Mrs. H. F. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dwyer, J. E. 

Dygert, Erwin F. 

Eaton, Harry Edward 
Eckenroth, William A. 
Eckert, Edward L. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Eichin, Mrs. Charles 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellerd, Arthur A. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, William S. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Erlach, Dr. Franz S. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Etshokin, Luery 
Eulass, E. A. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Everds, William H. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fairchild, Edmund 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Faricy, Mrs. William T. 
Farney, Mrs. Cyril 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Feld, Max 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferris, Douglas B. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fessenden, Mrs. M. G. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Feitsch, Mrs. 

Herman, Jr. 
Finn, B. L. 

Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 



Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. A. M. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fisher, William E. 
Fishlove, Irving H. 
Fitpold, Michael H. 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. , 
Fitzpatrick, James R. 
Fitzpatrick, W. J. 
Flavin, Lawrence P. 
Fleckles, L. N., Jr. 
Fleer, Herman H. 
Fleming, Paul 
Fleming, Mrs. W. Lynne 
Fleming, William R. 
Flesch, John 
Flesch, Stanley J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Flores, Dr. Marguerite S. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floto, J. W. 
Forck, Charles G. 

Forster, J. George 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Franz, Mrs. John N. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frohning, W. C. 
Fugard, John R. 
Furedy, Frank 
Futran, Herbert S. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Chester A. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles 
Gale, Abram 
Gallagher, John T. 
Gallauer, William 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Gardner, George M. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gast, Arthur E. 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gefael, Harry W. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerber, Martin S. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Giesbert, Mrs. Carl A. 
Gilbert, Theodore 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 

Fig. 33. Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist in Harris Extension, 
prepares a squirrel skin for a portable exhibit. Photograph by Chicago Daily News. 



Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladstone, Myer H. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glenn, Bruce W. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gollan, Jose Santos, Hijo 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry- 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodell, P. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Harry M. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss 

Bernice M. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, David 
Gordon, Edward 
Gorski, Martin 
Gott, Philip P. 
Gouch, Mrs. George 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grabbe, Werner H. 
Grams, Herbert 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graves, Mrs. Marie J. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Harry 
Green, J. F. 
Green, Michael 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, Mrs. Robert P. 
Greenlee, William B. 
Grein, Joseph 
Gresham, Mrs. Laura E. 
Grigg, William H. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grisamore, Oscar L. 

Groak, Irwin D. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Groble, Harold E. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groom, Miss Eve 
Grossfeld, Miss Rose 
Grove, C. G. 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustafson, Miss Anna E. 
Gustafson, Harry M. 
Gustafson, Miss Ruth M. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hagey, J. F. 
Haines, Mrs. Charles J. 
Haines, Walter 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, B. Brower 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halper, Samuel 
Halperin, Max 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, William M. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hanna, Charles M. 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hanson, Leo 
Harbaugh, Watson D. 
Harbison, Mrs. L. C. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Hargreaves, Mellor 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harper, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harr, Russell E. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harrison, Mrs. John H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Malcolm 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harvey, Mrs. Robert J. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 

Haskell, Clinton H. 
Hasselhorn, Walter C. 
Hatcher, Dr. C. Howard 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauck, Clayson J. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayakawa, S. I. 
Hayes, Miss Lucy C. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Hazzard, Louis R. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, John J. 
Heavey, John C. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hegg, Miss Marian 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heilo, Eric 
Helgason, Ami 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henn, Dr. S. C. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Charles L. 
Henry, Guy J. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Herman, Eli 
Herman, Maxwell R. 
Hershenson, Edward 
Herts, Arthur H. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hesse, E. E. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hewes, Howard H. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
Hieber, Reynolds Conrad 
High, Mrs. George H. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Howard C. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Howard H. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hintze, Arthur W. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hite, Miss K. Eileen 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hobart, Miss Lois E. 
Hobson, J. E. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hocking, Charles H. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hodges, L. C. 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogan, Charles E. 
Hogenson, William 



Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holland, Milton I. 
Holland, Robert L. 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Holter, Charles C. 
Holzheimer, Joseph 
Holzman, Alfred 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hopper, Bernard E. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Isidore 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Herbert 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Horwitz, Dr. M. S. 

William H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Howe, Edward T. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hrdlicka, Miss 

Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Hudson, William J. 
Huebner, Mrs. Alphonse 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughlett, Mrs. George 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hurrell, R. E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Hussman, Carl 
Huxley, Henry M. 

Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Ibsen, C. L. 
Igoe, Mrs. Michael L. 
Iker, Charles 
Immerwahr, Max E. 
Ireneus, Dr. Carl, Jr. 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackman, Robert M. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobi, Henry J. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
James, Ralph C. 
Jarratt, Walter J. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewett, George F. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Elmo G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Dr. Harvey C. 
Johnson, Homer B. 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, Scott R. 
Johnson, Thomas G. 
Johnson, Voyle C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Bernard F. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jones, C. LaVergne 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Kent 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Pierce W. 
Jones, Mrs. Walter N. 
Joy, James A. 
Joyce, A. J. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahn, H. Donald 
Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 

Kaplan, Frank 
Kaplan, Hyman 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karp, Elmer H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Nathan D. 
Kay, Paul 
Kay, Richard 
Keating, Arthur 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keene, William J. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kennedy, David E. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kent, Mrs. Morgan B. 
Kenyon, H. M. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Keifer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
Kimmell, Mrs. 

Kathryn Ann 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Miles O. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirkman, Robert A. 
Kirman, Sol C. 
Klann, Frank Richard 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klapman, S. J. 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klickner, John J. 
Klier, Dr. Floyd C. 
Kloppenstein, J. D. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knourek, E. E. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, Mrs. E. H. 
Kohlmann, Henry J. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Kolter, Dr. Bernard C. 
Koltz, George C. 
Kompare, William F. 
Kopinski, Louis 



Kort, George 
Korzybska, Countess 

Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kotrba, Frank 
Kraemer, Leo 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Kramer, Mrs. Ralph 

Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Kreber, Mrs. Nellie 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Kroehl, Mrs. Howard 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krumske, Paul A. 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurth, W. H. 
Kysela, Thomas E. 

Lachman, Harold 
Laderman, Samuel 
Lamb, Mrs. Marian K. 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Lane, George A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Laser, M. T. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Latimer, William L. 
Latshaw, Mrs. Blair S. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Launder, Ray S. 
Laven, C. L. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawrence, James 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leaf, Harry 
LeBeau, C. A. 
LeBeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 

Leitz, Miss Theodora 
Lentin, J. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Theodore 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levisohn, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Levy, Richard 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linke, Walter 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Linville, Ralph O. 
Linville, Richard D. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Livingston, Charles C. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Loderbauer, George J. 
Lodge, E. A. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Lome, Philip 
Long, Lewis M. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Loomis, W. W. 
Loos, Dr. William J. 
Lopez, Abelardo G. 
Lopez, Joseph G. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Love, Miss R. B. 
Luckman, Charles 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Luning, Mrs. Henry H. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, James L. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Mrs. William H. 

MacChesney, Miss 

MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, Joseph 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mamalakis, Mark P. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Manaster, Henry 
Mangan, R. K. 

Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Frank E. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Marcus, Abel 
Marcussen, Miss 

Esther L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marriott, Frederick L. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. Edwin 

Marvin, W. Ross 
Maseng, Mrs. Sigurd 
Massey, Mrs. Richard J. 
Mathews, Mrs. John W. 
Mathewson, Raymond K. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Mrs. James Leo 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarty, Miss Ada 

McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCullough, Robert 

McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McEnery, Dr. Eugene T. 
McGregor, Robert C. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKeever, Dr. Gertrude 
McKerrow, Mrs. William 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKisson, Robert W. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMaster, A. B. 
McNall, Quinlan J. 
McNally, Frederick L. 

— 131 



Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Mead, Dr. Irene T. 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mears, Neal F. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Meers, James D. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meiners, Frank X. 
Mendelson, Morris 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Metzenberg, Leopold 
Metzger, M. A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Micek, Dr. Louis T. 
Millar, Ronald 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Ben 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Edgar B. 
Miller, Eugene 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, J. M. 
Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Milner, Leopold 
Milnor, George S. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mizen, Frederic 

Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Moll, Ernest E. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Mooney, Raymond 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Morgan, Mrs. J. E. 
Morgaridge, K. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 

Morris, P. G. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Mossman, Donald P. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mower, Mrs. Delia 
Mowrer, Mrs. Paul 

Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Burton B. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Mueller, Richard 
Muench, C. G. 
Muir, Edward G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. MichaelF. 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Muller, Allan 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Mullin, Miss Frances M. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munsert, Mrs. Helen W. 
Munson, Lyle 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Thomas J., Jr. 
Murray, William M. 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nadelhoffer, Dr. L. E. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nance, J. J. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Nauman, J. C. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Neumark, Leon 
Neumayer, John 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newell, Mrs. Leland R. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Francis L. 
Newton, James L. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Nordstrum, George W. 
Norian, Morris 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 

Norton, G. A. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novander, A. O. 
Novick, Daniel 
Nunne, William 
Nussear, George S. 
Nylander, Dr. Victor T. 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberne, George S. 
O'Brien, Dale 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. John S. 
O'Connor, Mrs. Peter P. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
Ogilvie, Elmer E. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Frank S. 
Olsen, W. M. 
Olson, Edward M. 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neal, William James 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ottman, J. H. 
Overend, Robert B. 
Overmyer, Franklin R. 

Palm, Harry 
Palmquist, Mrs. Oscar jV. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, George S. 
Parks, Burritt A. 
Parrott, George H. 
Patch, A. Huntington 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearce, J. W. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pelts, Philip W. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast, Frank 
Pendleton, Maurice B. 
Pennebaker, John Paul 
Penner, Samuel 
Perin, Reuben L. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 

132 — 


Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Persello, Nino J. 
Pershing, Mrs. 

Magdalene M. 
Person, Dr. Algot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petraitis, Dr. Peter 
Petrelli, Mrs. J. L. 
Petrie, John 
Petrie, Morton H. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Mrs. Cassius H. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, Nelson D. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Arno H. 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Phillips, John B. 

Picha, Miss Sylvia M. 

Pick, Joseph Richard 

Pier, H. M. 

Pile, Howard C. 

Pillinger, Douglass 

Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 

Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 

Pitt, A. A. 

Pletz, S. R. 

Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 

Poe, Miss Frances 

Pohl, Mrs. Agnes O. 

Poll, Morris A. 

Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 

Pond, M. C. 

Pondrom, Alfred J. 

Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 

Ponton, George A. 

Pope, George J. 

Pope, Sidney T. 

Porges, Dr. Otto 

Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Post, Myron H. 

Potter, Mrs. T. A. 

Powell, Nathan N. 

Power, John W. 

Powers, Frank M. 

Powers, Mrs. George W. 

Powers, Miss Lillian R. 

Powers, William F. 

Poyer, Stephen A. 

Praeger, Charles H. 

Pratt, J. H. 

Preble, Robert C. 

Preikschat, Ray W. 

Prentice, J. Rockefeller 

Prescott, Morton S. 

Press, Robert 

Preston, G. G. 

Preus, J. A. O. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Prindle, James H. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Putz, Dr. William E. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Quarrie, William F. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raftis, Mrs. Richard W. 
Randall, Frank A. 
Rankin, J. T. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Reed, Mrs. Allen M. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reeves, Courtney H. 
Regensburg, James 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reinhart, Earl F. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Rellihen, Edwin G. 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rennie, Lewis M. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Reyher, Mrs. Charles 
Reynolds, Mrs. Agnes H. 
Reynolds, John B. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

Thomas A. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Rhoads, Dr. Paul S. 
Rhodes, C. G. 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Mrs. Ray M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Rivkin, Lester N. 
Rix, Bernard J. 
Robbins, Burr L. 

Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberti, Romolo 
Roberts, J. B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Josephine 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Roller, Fred S. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Rook, Miss Vaughn 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. N. H. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Rumbel, Mrs. 

Florence A. 
Runyan, Mrs. Corinne 
Ruskamp, William H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, CD. 
Rybar, Miss Pearl A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 

Sachse, William R. 
Sager, Mrs. Eldon H. 
Salberg, Emil B. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Sammet, J. M. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Dr. Robert H. 
Saunders, Thomas W. 
Sauter, Allen C. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 



Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaaf, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schell, Rev. R. G. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Scheuber, Alphons J. 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossberg, Max 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schobinger, Miss Elsie 
Scholl, Bertha M. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schuman, J. R. 
Schupp, Robert W. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schuyler, L. H. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Mrs. Mario M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Seass, Arthur Robert 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seeley, Clarence H. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segal, Victor 
Segil, Harold T. 
Seidenbecker, Mrs. 0. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shakman, James G. 
Sharpe, Donald W. 
Shaw, Mrs. Elvie 
Shea, Harry F. 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheffer, K. A. 
Shepherd, Edward W. 

Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shipley, Dr. Carl V. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, Leland W. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shultz, Earle 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Silverstein, Milton 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Slaughter, Dr. Danely 

Sloan, William F. 
Smaha, 0. O. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles 
Smart, David A. 
Smart, Wilbur 
Smerz, E. J. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Snider, Dr. S. Sinclair 
Snoberger, R. E. 
Snyder, Oliver C. 
Sohn, Harry 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Sordahl, Mrs. Louis O. 
Soukup, Mrs. 

Raymond J. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Speed, Dr. Kellog 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spencer, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spicer, Mrs. George A. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spirrison, Dr. Charles G. 
Spitz, M. W. 
Spivack, Dr. Julius L. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starrett, James W. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stephen, Alexander F. 
Stern, Jacob S. 

Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Francis O. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stewart, George R. 
Stibgen, Geary V. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Strauch, Dr. August 
Straus, Harry C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Joseph L. 
Strong, Dr. R. M. 
Stroup, William B. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Stumpp, Hugo 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturm, William G. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Sullivan, Miss Mary M. 
Sundblom, Haddon H. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swan, Edmund F. 
Swenson, Mrs. Edwin H. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Symes, J. M. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 

Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Paul H. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teach, Jacob A. 
Teare, W. C. 
Teeters, S. B. 



Tegarden, J. E. 
Teitelbaum, Irving E. 
Temps, Leupold 
Test, Dr. Frederick C. 
Testin, Dr. Henry S. 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thayer, Dr. Eugene A. 
Thirkield, D. D. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thorsson, O. M. 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Ticktin, Mrs. Mae C. 
Tighe, Thomas 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomey, John T. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Toplon, Irving S. 
Toren, E. Clifford 
Torgerson, Mrs. 

Roland M. 
Trautmann, Mrs. 

Traver, George W. 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Tremain, Miss 

Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Trude, Daniel P. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Tschampel, Paul 
Turner, Frederick W. 
Turner, Guy R. 
Turner, Maurice 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tylee, Mrs. Arthur F. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ullmann, S. E. 
Unger, Paul R. 
Urban, Andrew 
Ursin, Mrs. Ben E. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 
Utley, George B. 

VanDahm, Peter 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
VanSlyke, Wirt B. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Velde, James A. 
Vilsoet, William 

Vinson, Owen 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
vonPerbandt, Mrs. Louis 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wacker, Fred G. 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wadlow, George B. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallace, R. G. 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Wallen, Miss 

Marguerite Lorraine 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walsh, Mrs. Carroll T. 
Walter, Mrs. Charles A. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walton, Wilbur L. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, Edward J. 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wassell, Charles K. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasserman, Samuel A. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterhouse, Paul G. 
Waterman, C. W. 
Waters, Mrs. Marshall A. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Mrs. 

Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Wayne, Michael 
Weak, Eugene H. 
Webster, A. 
Webster, Harry C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weeks, H. Boyd 
Weeks, R. B. 

Weidert, William C. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weiss, Roscoe L. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welch, R. T. 
Wellin, Elmer G. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Welshon, Mrs. Mary C. 
Wendhack, Fred G. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Mrs. Mary Lavelle 
West, Dr. Olin 
Westman, Roy W. 
Wethers, Dr. William H. 
Wetmore, Horace 0. 
Wettley, Eberhard E. 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Maida B. 
Wheelock, Miss Ellen P. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Graybiel Graham 
White, Mrs. Lynne L. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilds, John L. 
Willard, Mrs. Charles H. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Harry W. 
Willkie, E. E. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, Miss Fanny B. 
Wilson, Holmes 
Wilson, John G. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Winner, Dr. A. E. 
Winsberg, G. L. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Leo 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, Herman 
Wise, James E. 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wood, Harvey E. 
Wood, Henry Paull 
Wood, John W. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Wood, Rev. Walter S. 



Wood, Dr. William 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wright, Mrs. R. G. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 
Wuichet, West 

Wulbert, Morris 
Wurth, Mrs. William 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, William H. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahn, Louis 
Zalewski, C. Stanley 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zischke, Herman 
Zolla, Abner M. 

Adler, Sidney 

Bassett, Raymond 
Bean, Edward H. 
Beven, J. L. 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Cherry, Oscar A. 

Deceased, 1945 

Flaks, Francis A. 
Fritzell, E. W. 

Hamilton, Gurdon H. 
Hanson, Rev. Olof B. 
Hardaway, John C. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles 
Harper, Robert B. 
Hoffmann, Dr. 
Walter H. O. 

Knapp, Charles S. 

McFadden, Everett R. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 

Rosenthal, David F. 
Rukin, Max 

Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 

rvjrci it/ i \j 

as may becor. 
from time to 
Committee is 
tion to be mac 
of the Corpora 
of a nominee s» 

Section 6. 
struction, recon: 

Section 7. 
to time as the C. 
do by three mem 
administration of 
Monthly Meeting; 
each fiscal year, p 4 
forth the probable r 
mendations as to th 
and fixed charges, 
tures stated are auth 

Section 8. The 
ing and bookkeeping, 
the same, once each y 
firm, and shall transmi 
at the next ensuing r« 

Section 9. The P 
processes as shall be est; 
amount the Pension Fun 
shall be subject to the ap 

Section 10. The CI 
proceedings thereof at the 

Section 11. The Pre 
and Chairman of the Exec 
mittee may be filled by ball 

Committee shall have supervision of investing the 

the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 

hall have authority to make and alter investments 

actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 

cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 

and it is further authorized to cause real estate 

lvestments, to be held or registered in the name 

Lmmittee shall have supervision of the Con- 
xion of any and all buildings used for Museum 

pimittee shall be called together from time 

jer necessary, or as he may be requested to 

i, to act upon such matters affecting the 

innot await consideration at the Regular 

trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 

fo the Board an itemized Budget, setting 

£ces for the ensuing year, and make recom- 

should be made for routine maintenance 

>f the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 

shall have supervision over all account- 

the financial records. It shall cause 

>e examined by an expert individual or 

.expert individual or firm to the Board 

\r such examination shall have taken 

lall determine by such means and 
rd of Trustees to whom and in what 
1. These determinations or findings 
of Trustees. 

[mmittee shall report the acts and 
meeting of the Board. 

icio a member of all Committees 
^Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
?eting of the Board. 

Section 1. At the Novt 
nating Committee of three shi 
nominations for membership of 
the Auditing Committee, and 
of the Executive Committee, fr 
ensuing December meeting and 
in January. 


> Board each year, a Nomi- 

Said Committee shall make 

jttee, the Building Committee, 

jttee, and for three members 

;es, to be submitted at the 

following Annual Meeting 

Section 1. Whenever the wc 
the Corporation, it shall be taken 
as an Institution is located and ope 
study collections, or in storage, fui 
and all appurtenances of the Instit 
tions, expenditures, field work, labor, 
and all scientific and maintenance ac\ 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and 1 
be amended at any regular meeting o 
thereof of not less than two-thirds c 
amendment shall have been proposed z 

lployed in the By-Laws of 

jng in which the Museum 

^exhibited, the material in 

pes, tools, records, books, 

jngs, researches, installa- 

hcations, lecture courses, 

of Incorporation, may 
^tees by a vote in favor 
present, provided the 
ir meeting.