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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

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LIBRARY 

OF THL 

U N I VERSITY 

or ILLl NOI5 



507 



1945-48 



CENTRAL CIRCUUTION BOOKSTACKS 

The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its renewal or its return to 
the hbrary from which it was borrowed 
on or before the Latest Date stamped 
below. You may be charged a mrnlmum 
fee of $75.00 for each lost book. 

r**L'. '""*"*^*"' «'«* «mderllnln9 of book, or, r«o.on. 

TO RENEW CAll TEIEPHONE CENTBt 335-8400 

UNIVEBSITY OF lUINOIS LIBRARY AT URBANA-CHAAAPA.r.K. 




When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date. L|g2 



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^s 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 





*#/*.*»# 1-, 




PLATE I 



Aerial view, looking east from Michigan Avenue 
toward Chicago Natural History Museum, formerly 
Field Museum of Natural History, located at the south 
end of Grant Park near the shore of Lake Michigan, 
with Soldier Field to the south. The main (north) 
entrance of the Museum (at left, in picture) faces 
Rooseveh Road at Lake Shore Drive. 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to the 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1946 




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 

JANUARY, 1947 

THE LIBRARY OF THE 

NOV 5 1947 

IINIVERSir/ OF ILLINOIS 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 



1 

6" 
& 



Contents 



PAGE 



List of Illustrations 7 

Albert A. Sprague, 1876-1946 11 

Silas H. Strawn, 1866-1946 13 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1946 15 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 16 

Former Officers 17 

List of Staff 18 

Report of the Director 23 

Membership 25 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 28 

Department of Anthropology 44 

Department of Botany 52 

Department of Geology 57 

Department of Zoology 62 

Library 72 

Publications and Printing 73 

Photography and Illustration 75 

Motion Pictures 76 

Public Relations 77 

Maintenance and Construction 80 

Financial Statements 84 

Attendance and Door Receipts 85 

List of Accessions 86 

List of Members 101 

Benefactors 101 

Honorary Members 101 

Patrons 101 

Corresponding Members 102 

Contributors 102 

Corporate Members 103 

Life Members 104 

Non-Resident Life Members 105 

Associate Members 105 

5 



List of Members — Continued page 

Non-Resident Associate Members 120 

Sustaining Members 1"" 

Annual Members ^^^ 

Articles op Incorporation 133 

Amended By-Laws ^^^ 



List of Illustrations 



PLATES FACING 

PAGE 

1. Aerial View of Chicago Natural History Museum 3 

2. Albert A. Sprague 11 

3. Silas H. Strawn 13 

4. Looking North, from the Museum 15 

5. Michigan Avenue Skyline, Viewed from the Museum 23 



TEXT FIGURES 

PAGE 

1. Portable Exhibits of the Harris Extension 27 

2. Chimney Swift and Nest 28 

3. Special Exhibit Illustrating Penicillin, in Preparation 33 

4. Community of Prehistoric Mound-Building Indians of Louisiana 35 

5. Whaling at Sea with Modern Equipment 39 

6. Japanese Cycads 41 

7. Melanesian Ethnological Objects 43 

8. Enlargement of a Hopewell Figurine 44 

9. San Francisco Red Pottery Bowl 46 

10. Chimu Ceremonial Chamber 49 

1 1 . Welwitschia 52 

12. Bird of Paradise Flower, Thornless Blackberry, Damson Plum 55 

13. Footprints of Early Oligocene Animals 57 

14. Shell of a Marine Turtle 59 

15. Pirarucu 63 

16. Preparation of a Zoological Exhibit 65 

17. Viru Valley Camp of the 1946 Archaeological Expedition to Peru 69 

18. Calico Rock 70 

19. Pottery Funerary Vessel 76 

20. The Museum Lunchroom 78 

21. The Museum Book Shop 79 

22. African Elephants 81 

7 



In Memoriam 




Photograph by Blank and StoUer 



ALBERT A. SPRAGUE 
A Trustee of the Museum from 1910 to 1946 



PLATE 2 



ALBERT A. SPRAGUE 
1876-1946 

The Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum desire to 
record their profound sorrow at the loss which has come to them in 
the death on April 6, 1946, of their fellow Trustee and First Vice- 
President of the Board, Colonel Albert A. Sprague. 

Colonel Sprague has been closely and continuously as,sociated 
with the Museum since his election as a Trustee on August 8, 1910. 
In the same year, he became a Contributor to the Institution, 
through his gifts to the "Field-Sprague Ornithology Fund," and he 
repeatedly provided funds for various causes throughout the fol- 
lowing years. He became a Life Member in 1912. 

His services to the Museum were in every respect active and of 
high value. Beginning in 1911, he served on the Building Committee 
during the period of the construction of the present edifice. He 
became a member of the Pension Committee in 1916 and Chairman 
of that Committee in 1921, serving continuously until the time of his 
death. He was largely instrumental in perfecting the plans for the 
pension system of the Museum which was adopted by the Trustees. 
He served as a member of the Executive Committee since 1914, and 
as a Vice-President of the Museum since 1921. By virtue of his 
outstanding services to the Institution and to science, he was elected 
Honorary Member, Contributor, and Patron of the Institution. 

Chicago Natural History Museum was by no means unique in 
being the recipient of the loyal and devoted services of Colonel 
Sprague. He was widely known for his services to his fellow man, 
both in civic affairs and in philanthropic circles. He served as an 
Officer of the Army of the United States in World War I and attained 
a distinguished military record. Yet, even over and above our high 
appreciation of his splendid services, we cherish the memory of his 
warm friendship and his fine human qualities. 

Therefore, be it resolved that this testimonial of our esteem and 
affection for him be placed in the permanent records of the Board of 
Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum to perpetuate his 
memory; 

And be it further resolved that our deepest sympathy be con- 
veyed to his Widow and his bereaved family, and that a copy of 
this Resolution be sent to them. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary Stanley Field, President 

May 20, 1946 



11 




Photograph by Harris and Ewing 



SILAS H. STRAWN 
A Trustee of the Museum from 1924 to 1946 



PLATE 3 



SILAS H. STRAWN 
1866-1946 

In the sudden death of Silas H. Strawn on February 4, 1946, the 
Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum lost a friend and 
associate, who will be remembered always because of his genial 
personality and outstanding character. 

Silas Strawn was a member of this Board for twenty-two years. 
He was a member of the Auditing Committee from 1925 to 1929; a 
member of the Executive Committee from 1928 to 1946; and Second 
Vice-President from 1940 until 1946. 

He was unfailing and faithful in serving this Institution and 
brought to its council his wisdom, insight, and experience, which 
were at all times constructive and helpful. On August 17, 1925, he 
was elected a Patron of the Museum in recognition of his unusual 
services. 

Throughout his career he unselfishly and with tireless devotion 
contributed of his time, ability, and means to many of the civic and 
philanthropic activities of Chicago. He was a staunch Republican 
and used his every effort to improve the character and caliber of 
candidates for public office. 

Both as Trustees of this institution and as citizens of this com- 
munity, we shall sorely miss the fine personality and wisdom of this 
good friend and associate, whose life was so useful in so many ways. 

In appreciation of what Silas Strawn has been to the Museum 
and has done for it, we pay tribute to his splendid work and to his 
memory. Our sympathy is especially extended to the members of 
his family in their bereavement. 

i, Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary Stanley Field, President 

May 20, 1946 



13 




PLATE 4 



LOOKING NORTH, FROM THE MUSEUM 



Officers* Trustees, and Committees, 1946 



OFFICERS 



BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES 



COMMITTEES 



Stanley Field, President 
Albert A. Sprague,* First Vice-President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Silas H. Strawn,! Second Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCoRMiCK Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

John P. 



Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
HuGHSTON M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague* 
Silas H. StrawnI 
Albert H. Wetten 
Wilson 



Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, George A. Richardson, Albert A. Sprague,* 
Marshall Field, Silas H. Strawn.f Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
John P. Wilson 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., Howard W. Fenton, John P. Wilson, 
Walter J. Cummings, Albert H. Wetten 

Building— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field, Boardman Conover 

Auditing — George A. Richardson, Albert H. Wetten, 
W. McCormick Blair 

Pension — Albert A. Sprague,* Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell 
L. Avery, Hughston M. McBain 



* Deceased, April 6, 1946 

t Deceased, February 4, 1946 



15 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Alois,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 

1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N.HiGiNBOTHAM,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 



Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr..* 1908-1912, 

1921-1931 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 



Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 



* Deceased 



16 



ormer 



Off 



icers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* . . . . • 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 



* Deceased 



17 



List of Staff 



DIRECTOR 

DEPUTY DIRECTOR 

DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ANTHROPOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 



Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

Archaeology 
C. Martin Wilbur,* Curator, Chinese Archaeology and 

Ethnology 
Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Ethnology 
Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Archaeology 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 

Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

Anthropology 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Prehistory 
John Rinaldo, Assistant, Archaeology 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 
Theodor Just, Associate Curator 
Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 
J. Francis Macbride,* Curator, Peruvian Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 
Harry K. Phinney, Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Llewelyn Williams,* Curator, Economic Botany 
J. S. Daston, Assistant, Economic Collections 
Robert H. Forbes, t Assistant, Wood Collections 
Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, Exhibits 
Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 
Edith M. Vincent, Departmental Secretary 

* On leave 

t Resigned, 1946 



i 



i 



18 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

GEOLOGY 



Sharat K. Roy, Acting Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Paleontology 

Paul O. McGrew,! Assistant Curator, Paleontology 

Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator, Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Vertebrate 
Paleontology 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Vertebrate 
Paleontology 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Invertebrate Fossils 

Bryant Mather,! Assistant Curator, Mineralogy 

Harry E. Changnon, Assistant, Geology 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

Henry Horback, Preparator 

William D. Turnbull, Preparator 

Frances Foley, Departmental Secretary 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOG Y 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 
Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 
Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, Birds 
Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 
Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 
Rudyerd Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Birds 
Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 
LoREN P. Woods,* Assistant Curator, Fishes 
John W. Winn, Assistant, Fishes 
Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 
William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 
Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 
Henry S. Dybas, Assistant, Insects 
Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 
Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 
Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 
Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 
Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 
Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 
D. D wight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 
H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 
Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 
R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 



* On leave 

t Resigned, 1946 



19 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 

(Continued) 



ASSOCIATE EDITOR 

SCIENTIFIC 

PUBLICATIONS 



DEPARTMENT OF 

THE N. W. HARRIS 

PUBLIC SCHOOL 

EXTENSION 



JAMES NELSON 

AND 

ANNA LOUISE 

RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION 



THE LAYMAN 
LECTURER 



THE LIBRARY 



Julius Friesser, Taxidermist 

L. L. Pray, Taxidermist 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

W. E. ElGSTi,* Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Peggy Collings Brown, Artist 

James E. Trott, Artist-Preparator 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 

Lillian A. Ross 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Assistant 



Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

John Bayalis, Preparator 



Miriam Wood, Chief 
Marie B. Pabst* 
Roberta Caldwell 
Elizabeth Best* 
Emma Neve* 
Winona Hinkley 
June Ruzicka 
Lorain Farmer 
Marie Svoboda 



Paul G. Dallwig 



Carl W. Hintz, Librarian 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian Emerita 

Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 

Eunice Marthens Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

Elsey Merriam,* Assistant Librarian 

Louise Boynton, Secretary 



* Resigned, 1946 



20 



ACCOUNTING 



ADMINISTRATION 
AND RECORDS 



PUBLIC 

RELATIONS 

COUNSEL 

DIVISION OF 
MEMBERSHIPS 



DIVISIONS OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

AND 
ILLUSTRATION 



DIVISION OF 
MOTION PICTURES 



STAFF ARTIST 



DIVISION OF 
PRINTING 



GENERAL 
SUPERINTENDENT 



CHIEF ENGINEER 



CAPTAIN OF 
THE GUARD 



Benjamin Bridge, Aiiditor 
Noble Stephens,* Assistant Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 



H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 

Norma Lockwood, Illustrator 

John W. Mover 

Arthur G. Rueckert 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 

W. H. Corning 

James R. Shouba, Assistant 

William E. Lake 

E. S. Abbey 



♦Resigned, 1946 



21 




PLATE 5 



The Museum is open to the public every 
day of the year except Christmas aud 
New Year's Day. It may he reached by 
elevated or surface railways, Illiuois Cen- 
tral aud South Shore suburban trains, 
or bus There is free parkin o space, near 
the Museum, for automobiles. 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1946. 

The close of the year 1946 found Chicago Natural History 
Museum well on its way to full resumption of its program. During 
this year, many members of the staff, absent because of the war, 
returned, new members were added to the staff, expeditions were at 
work in the field, and enterprises in all departments and divisions 
went forward vigorously. The Museum, deeply aware of its obliga- 
tions to education and to research, is ever vigilant to widen its 
services, and in this year it has had opportunity to do so in several 
new ways. 

The Museum continued and extended its co-operative educational 
arrangements with the University of Chicago, Northwestern Uni- 
versity, and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, as described 
later in this Report. An innovation during 1946 was the co-operative 
relationship established between the Museum and Antioch College, 
of Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

Antioch College bases its educational program upon a plan by 
which its students alternate periods of study on the college campus 
with periods of work, for pay, in business or industry in order to 
gain practical experience in the occupations for which they may be 
training as well as to gain a wider understanding of the problems of 
their fellow man. Arrangements were made for students to come 
to the Museum, to be paid at the usual rates for temporary 
employees. This plan brought to the scientific departments as well 

23 



as to the Library and administrative offices intelligent and enthusi- 
astic young men and women who assisted materially in the work at 
hand. The continued employment of Antioch College students to 
supplement the regular staff is anticipated. 

Chicago Natural History Museum approved the loan of a number 
of important ethnological objects from its South Pacific collections 
to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City for a special exhibit 
called "Arts of the South Seas." Later in the year, a portion 
of the materials was sent to the Worcester (Massachusetts) Art 
Museum for a similar exhibit. Although it is the established policy 
of this Museum not to lend specimens for exhibition, it was felt that 
the standing of the institutions and the necessity for including the 
Museum's materials in any comprehensive exhibit of the arts of the 
South Seas justified the action. The collections of Chicago Natural 
History Museum from the New Hebrides, New Guinea, and the 
Bismarck Archipelago are unique in the world, and its collections of 
Melanesian art are the finest in the United States (Fig. 7). 

It is believed that Chicago Natural History Museum can be, to 
an increasing degree, and should be, the gathering place of amateur 
scientists to whom helpful direction and advice may be given. 
Accordingly, with this in view, arrangements were made for the 
Chicago Ornithological Society and for the Kennicott Club, an 
active Chicago group of naturalists, to hold their several meetings 
in the Museum. 

Another undertaking of the Museum in co-operation with a 
representative Chicago organization was the First International 
Exhibition of Nature Photography held by the Nature Camera 
Club of Chicago in the Museum early in the year. It is planned that 
this be made an annual exhibition, sponsored jointly by the Museum 
and the Camera Club. Still another undertaking this year, as a part 
of the Museum's educational program under the James Nelson and 
Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, was the short nature course for 
camp counselors presented in the spring by the Museum. 

Trustees and Officers 

At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January, 
Mr. Stanley Field was re-elected President to serve his thirty-eighth 
successive year in that office. All other officers who served in the 
preceding year were likewise re-elected. Mr. Marshall Field, Jr., 
was elected to fill a vacancy on the Board of Trustees. Mr. John R. 
Millar, Deputy Director of the Museum, was elected to the office 
of Assistant Secretary of the Board. 

24 



At a meeting of the Trustees in May, Mr. Marshall Field, 
Trustee of the Museum since 1914, was elected First Vice-President 
and Mr. Albert B. Dick, Jr., was elected Second Vice-President to 
fill the vacancies created by the deaths of Colonel Albert A. Sprague 
and Mr. Silas H. Strawn. Mr. Samuel Insull, Jr., was elected Third 
Vice-President to fill the vacancy created by electing Mr. Dick to 
the ofl^ce of Second \'ice-President. Three new Trustees, elected in 
June to fill existing vacancies on the Board, are: Mr. Henry P. 
Isham, Mr. Hughston M. McBain, and Mr. Clarence B. Randall. 

Membership 

Increased interest in Chicago Natural History Museum and its 
activities is evidenced by the growing number of public-spirited 
citizens who have become Members and thus are helping to support 
the scientific and educational work conducted by the Museum. On 
December 31, 1946, the total number of Members on the roster of 
the Museum amounted to 4,625, a total net gain of 106 new Mem- 
bers. The number of new Members enrolled during the year 
amounted to 494; the number of Members lost through transfer, 
cancellation, and death amounted to 388. 

The names of all persons listed as Members of the Museum during 
1946 will be found on the pages at the end of this Report. The fol- 
lowing tabulation shows the number of names in each membership 
classification at the close of 1946: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 9 

Patrons 20 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 151 

Corporate Members 43 

Life Members 199 

Non-Resident Life Members 15 

Associate Members 2,393 

Non-Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 10 

Annual Members 1,747 

Total Memberships 4,625 

An expression of gratitude is here given to all Members of the 
Museum, because their support has helped to make possible the 
progress and continuance of the cultural and educational program 
of the institution. Appreciation for past support is expressed to 
those Members who found it necessary to discontinue their member- 
ships. It is hoped that before too long they will enroll again as 
Members of the Museum and resume their association with its work. 

25 



Attendance 

The total number of visitors received by the Museum during 1946 
was 1,287,436, an increase of 216,758 over the total attendance of 
1945 and of 22,923 over that of 1944. The number of visitors who 
paid admission, always but a fraction of the total attendance, rose 
from a total of 104,959 in 1945 to a total of 127,305 in 1946, despite 
the fact that school children, students, teachers, members of the 
armed forces of the United Nations, and members of this Museum 
continued to be admiitted without charge on all days. (For com- 
parative attendance statistics and door receipts for 1945 and 1946, 
see page 85). 

Many visitors from foreign countries came to the Museum during 
the year to study its techniques or its collections. Special events and 
exhibits, described elsewhere in this Report, drew large audiences. 
In addition, countless numbers of people who did not visit the 
Museum were reached by the Museum through the traveling exhibits 
of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, the extension lectures 
of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, and 
the Museum's publications. 

Harris School Extension 

With the beginning of the school year in September, 1946, the 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension returned to its normal circu- 
lation schedule of portable Museum exhibits to schools in Chicago. 
Under this schedule, each of the 498 recipients of Harris Extension 
exhibits receives in one school year thirty-four different cases dealing 
with a wide variety of subjects in the fields of anthropology, botany, 
geology, and zoology (Fig. 1). 

During the year 1946, which was under the wartime schedule of 
circulation of exhibits at thirteen-day intervals from January through 
June and under the normal ten-day schedule from September through 
December, twenty-eight exhibits were delivered to each school for 
display and study in the classrooms. Eight new exhibits were com- 
pleted and added to the circuit during the year, and twenty exhibits 
were wholely or partially revised. Forty- two cases were damaged 
in circulation, two by fire. Repairs were made on 350 cases. 

Traveling exhibits that go from school to school and from class- 
room to classroom are necessarily subjected to greater strains than 
are exhibits installed in museum halls. For this reason, installations 
in portable exhibits must be more secure and the materials used in 
their preparation must be tougher than in stationary exhibits. 

26 •, 




Fig. 1. Mr. Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist, is shown assembling 
one of the portable exhibits that are circulated by the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension among Chicago schools during the school year. 



Recent years have seen the development in the industrial field of 
many new materials that are highly adaptable for setting up port- 
able exhibits. The Harris Extension has worked out techniques 
for using some of these new materials — notably plastics — but was 
handicapped during the war by the unavailability of necessary 
machinery. In the last half of the year, several long-awaited 
machines were received and put into use. 

In June, 1946, the Harris Extension completed its removal into 
new quarters across the corridor from its former location. Although 
a serious interruption in the regular progression of activities and a 
major undertaking for the Harris Extension, such a move was con- 
sidered advantageous in that it would make possible the rearrange- 
mejit and modernization of workrooms and laboratories for more 
efficient application of techniques developed in recent years. 

In addition to its regular service of circulating exhibits to Chicago 
schools, the Harris Extension filled thirty requests by teachers for 
specific exhibits and special study material. Typical Harris Exten- 
sion exhibits selected to demonstrate variety of subject-matter have 
been on display during the year in Stanley Field Hall and in an 
alcove of the north corridor on the ground floor of the Museum. 

27 



Raymond Foundation 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation con- 
tinued in 1946 its usual presentation of lectures, tours, stories, and 
motion-picture programs for groups of people in the Museum and 
in the schools. Its activities, however, were gradually enlarged 
during the year as a result of the cessation of war restrictions, 
particularly those on transportation. This was especially noticeable 
in the number of school groups attending the Museum, a number 
larger than in 1945, in spite of many cancellations necessitated by 
two coal strikes (1945: 360 groups, 11,602 pupils; 1946: 546 groups, 
17,973 pupils). 

The regular series of educational programs for children were 
given on Saturday mornings in March, April, October, and Novem- 
ber and on Thursday mornings in July and August. A new feature 
of the 1946 series was the appearance of several speakers with their 
own motion pictures. In order to make these programs exceptionally 
good, they are now presented only once, at 10:30 a.m., instead of 
twice in a morning, as in the past. This has necessarily reduced 
the total attendance. In 1945, forty-eight programs were given, 
with an attendance of 29,813 children, while the total attendance 
in 1946 for twenty-four programs was 22,202 children. 

Museum Stories were published as in former years and presented 
to the children who attended the spring and fall series of programs. 
In this way, approximately 18,000 copies of the stories were given 
to children. After each series of programs was completed, copies 
that remained were turned over to the Book Shop for sale at one 




Fig. 2. Chimney swift and 
its nest. Illustration from 
Museum Story, "The Cl^m- 
ney Swift/' published in 1946 
by the Raymond Foundation. 



28 



i 



cent each. Orders for these and Museum Stories of other years were 
received from all parts of the United States. A total of 174,533 
copies was distributed in 1946 by the Book Shop (Fig. 2). 

In the hope of assisting to raise the standards of nature-study 
counseling in local summer camps, a series of four evening lectures 
was held in late spring. The sessions gave a survey of the natural 
history of the Chicago region — its animal life, trees, wild flowers, 
and geology. Registration was restricted to individuals actively 
engaged in nature work in camps. The 535 people who attended 
the course were, mainly, members of camp staffs of Chicago 
Y.M.C.A., Boy Scouts of America, and Girl Scouts. Four new 
extension lectures were offered to the Chicago schools: "The Story 
of the Dunes," "Snakes and Their Relatives," "Chicago Millions 
of Years Ago," and "World Breadbaskets." In December, the 
annual delegations of rural boy and girl members of the 4-H Clubs 
visited the Museum, totaling 700 girls and 300 boys in two groups. 

Following is a summary of Raymond Foundation activities in 
1946, with attendance figures: 

Activities within the Museum: 

bor children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 546 17,973 

Radio follow-up programs 6 721 

Lectures preceding tours 17 2,600 

Motion picture programs 24 22,202 

Total 593 43,496 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 355 5,987 

Nature Course for Camp Counselors 4 535 

Total 359 6 , 522 

Extension Activities: 

Extension lectures 198 68,484 

Total 198 68,484 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1 , 150 118 , 502 

Activities in which Raymond Foundation Participated: 

Adult (foreign-born) Commencement. ... 1 500 

Achievement Officers Conference 1 600 

Saturday afternoon free lecture course for 

adults 18 14,306 

Total 20 15,406 

; Grand Total 1,170 133,908 

29 



Layman Lectures 

Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, volunteer member of the Museum staff, 
continued his work as the Layman Lecturer during this year, giving 
lectures on each Sunday afternoon in January, March, April, and 
May for the ninth successive year. In November, to mark his tenth 
year in the service of the Museum, Mr. Dallwig inaugurated a series 
of double programs for each Sunday, with the first lecture given at 
11:30 o'clock in the morning and the second, on a different subject, 
at 2:30 o'clock in the afternoon. Continuing the precedent set in 
past years, Mr. Dallwig's lectures were restricted to adults and were 
held both in the Museum lecture hall and in various exhibition halls. 
Total attendance for the lectures in 1946 was 3,584, an average of 
105 persons at each of the 34 lectures. Grateful acknowledgment is 
made by the Museum to Mr. Dallwig for his notable service. 

Contributions 

The sum of $20,224.35 was received from the estate of the late 
Abby K. Babcock, In recognition thereof, Abby K. Babcock was 
posthumously elected by the Trustees a Contributor of the Museum. 
"Contributor" is the special membership designation for all persons 
who give or devise between $1,000 and $100,000 to the Museum in 
money or materials. Names of Contributors are enrolled on an 
Honor List in perpetuity. 

Mr. Elmer J. Richards, of Chicago, made an additional contri- 
bution of $4,000 for the purchase of specimens for the Cryptogamic 
Herbarium. The sum of $12,000 was received from S. C. Johnson 
and Sons, Incorporated, of Racine, Wisconsin, to finance a future 
project on palm genetics. 

Mrs. Broadus James Clarke, of Chicago, made an additional 
contribution of $2,071.50 to The Broadus James Clarke Fund, a 
fund that she has established in memory of her late husband. 
Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, of Lansing, Michigan, gave an addi- 
tional sum of $500 to The Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological 
Fund. The LaSalle Steel Company, of Chicago, contributed $2,500. 
Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York City, contributed $500. 
Mr. Donald Richards, of Chicago, contributed $500. Mr. Peder A. 
Christensen, of St. Louis, made an additional gift of money. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, contributed 
$30,081. Mr. Boardman Conover, of Chicago, a Trustee of the 
Museum, contributed $2,924. Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 
Emeritus of the Department of Zoology, contributed $1,200. 

30 



In recognition of important gifts of material to the collections 
of the Museum, the following donors were elected Contributors: 
Mr. Donald Richards, Mr. Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., of Winnetka, 
Illinois, and Mr. Albert Burke Wolcott, of Downers Grove, Illinois. 
Mr. Richards gave approximately five thousand cryptogamic 
specimens, mostly mosses. Mr. Traylor, an Associate in the Division 
of Birds, gave a collection of zoological specimens. Mr. Wolcott, a 
staff member of the Museum for thirty-four years before his retire- 
ment in February, 1942, presented a collection of 4,740 beetles of the 
family Cleridae, together with his specialized library of twenty- 
eight volumes and 1,275 pamphlets on insects. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, gave to the 
Museum 1,413 microscope slides of animal tissue. Other collections 
of material were received during the year from individuals and from 
institutions in this country and other countries. Acknowledgment 
of these gifts is made in the List of Accessions in this Report. 

The Chicago Park District turned over to the Museum 
$136,242.43 as its share of taxes levied to aid in the support of 
several museums under an act of the state legislature. 

Expeditions 

The Museum's extensive program of expeditions, suspended 
during the war, was resumed early in 1946. Details of activity in 
the field are given under the several departmental headings in this 
Report. Expeditions of 1946 were: 

Department of Anthropology: Archaeological Expedition to 
Peru — Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, in charge; Archaeological Expedition to the South- 
west, 1946 — Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, in charge. 

Department of Botany: Botanical Expedition to Nicaragua, 
Honduras, and El Salvador — Mr. Paul C. Standley, Curator of the 
Herbarium, in charge. 

Department of Geology: Paleontological Expedition to the 
Southwest, 1946 — Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, 
in charge; Field Trip to Cretaceous Beds in Alabama — Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, in charge. 

Department of Zoology: Bikini Atoll Expedition, 1946 — 
Mr. Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Division of Birds, in charge; 
Peruvian Zoological Expedition — Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator 
of Mammals, in charge; Philippines Zoological Expedition, 1946-47 
— Captain Harry Hoogstraal in charge. 

31 



New Exhibits 

Of nine new exhibits completed during the year by the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology, one was installed in Chauncey Keep Memo- 
rial Hall (Hall 3, Races of Mankind) and eight in the Hall of New 
World Archaeology (Hall B). Notable among those in Hall B are a 
sculpture, four feet high, of a Hopewell man enlarged from an original 
Hopewell figurine of about a.d. 1100 1400 and a restoration showing 
the culture of the Coles Creek Indians who lived in central Louisiana 
about A.D. 1400 (Fig. 4). 

The most important addition to exhibits of the Department of 
Botany in this year is the large plant habitat group of Welwitschia 
mirahilis, representing an African desert scene in the Portugese 
colony of Angola, the fifth in a series of six life-size groups to be 
completed in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant 
Life). A large mural, "Cycads in a Temple Garden," was painted 
and mounted in Hall 29, along with others that illustrate unusual 
forms of plant life (Fig. 6). 

A new exhibit in the Department of Geology, "The Classification 
of Minerals," and its companion case, "Physical Properties of 
Minerals," already installed in the Hall of Minerals (Hall 34), give 
the Museum visitor a comprehensive introduction to the study of 
mineralogy. The collection of amber was reinstalled, and certain 
exhibits are being rearranged. Extensive plans have been made for 
the modernization of exhibits in other halls of the Department. 

Four paintings of modern whaling were installed by the Depart- 
ment of Zoology in the Hall of Whales (Hall N-1), where they sup- 
plement the large mural of whaling in sailing-ship days (Fig. 5). 
Additions of important types of fishes were continued in the Hall of 
Fishes (Hall 0); meanwhile, a panel of paintings intended for the 
exhibit of deep-sea fishes has been placed as a temporary exhibit 
in the corridor adjoining Hall 0. 

Special exhibits in the Museum during the year were the First 
Chicago International Exhibition of Nature Photography, held under 
the joint auspices of the Chicago Nature Camera Club and the 
Museum; an exhibit illustrating the source of penicillin (Fig. 3), 
prepared by Mr. Emil Sella, Chief Preparator of Exhibits of the 
Department of Botany, for which Mr. William A. Daily of Butler 
University acted as scientific consultant; "Art from Nature," 
drawings made by school children in art classes conducted in this 
Museum by instructors from the Junior School of the Art Institute 
of Chicago; and, sponsored by Life magazine, "The Incas," a series 
of large photographs of ancient Inca ruins in Peru. 

32 




Fig. 3. Mr. Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, is shown at work in the laboratory of the 
Department of Botany on the special exhibit that illustrates penicillin. Cultures and 
models of the common mold, a species of Penicillium, source of commercial peni' 
cillin, are made of glass and greatly magnified for purposes of illustration. The 
exhibit is now on display in Stanley Field Hall. 




33 



University, College, and Art School Relationships 

Newest of the co-operative educational arrangements maintained 
by this Museum with universities, colleges, and schools is that with 
Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, described earlier in this 
Report. Oldest of such arrangements is that which has existed for 
man}' years with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 

The number of classes and students, both of child and adult ages, 
sent in 1946 by the Art Institute to sketch and study in the exhibi- 
tion halls of this Museum was greatly increased. From the junior 
department of the School, very large groups of children of grade- 
school age came, especially on Saturdays. A special classroom 
and other aids to their work have been provided for the art students 
by the Museum. Many of the paintings, drawings, sculptures, and 
ceramic objects resulting from the work of the art classes at this 
Museum have been of so much interest that the Art Institute now 
displays them in a special exhibit, first in its own halls and then at 
other institutions, including Chicago Natural History Museum, 
where they were made. 

Classes in museology from the University of Chicago were con- 
tinued in 1946. Regularly enrolled students, whose other days were 
spent in studies on the university campus, spent two full days a 
week at the Museum, from October to June. Their Museum classes 
and laboratory work were under the direction of Dr. Paul S. Martin, 
Chief Curator of Anthropology, and Mr. Donald Collier and Mr. 
George I. Quimby, Curators in the Department of Anthropology, 
all of whom are associates on the faculty of the University of Chicago. 

Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, and Dr. Paul 0. 
McGrew, Assistant Curator until his resignation from the Museum 
staff in May, continued their duties as faculty lecturers of the 
University of Chicago for groups of students sent by the university 
to the Museum. These classes are under the direction of Dr. Everett 
C. Olson of the University of Chicago, Research Associate in Verte- 
brate Paleontology on the Museum's staff. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, 
Chief Curator of Zoology, continued as a lecturer to classes in his 
subject at the University of Chicago. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Associate Curator of Botany, and Dr. Francis 
Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, supervised studies of 
students in botany who were sent to the Museum by Northwestern 
University. Several members of the faculty and graduate students of 
Northwestern University used the facilities of the Museum during 
the year, especially the herbaria and the exhibits of economic plants 

34 




Fig. 4. A new diorama in Hall B shows a community of prehistoric mound-build' 
mg Indians of Louisiana. On the pyramidal mound of earth plastered with clay 
(foreground) is a thatched temple surrounded by poles bearing trophy skulls. 

and products. During 1946, the entire cryptogamic herbarium of 
Northwestern University was incorporated into the Herbarium of the 
Museum as a permanent loan. The phanerogamic herbarium of the 
university is now being transferred to the Museum and also will be 
incorporated into the Herbarium as a permanent loan. 

The Museum presented to Roosevelt College, the newest of 
Chicago institutions of higher learning, nineteen relief maps, which, 
while technically accurate and of high quality, were no longer 
required as exhibits at the Museum. At the new college, they will 
serve a useful purpose as teaching aids. 



Personnel 

The growth of the Museum and its activities and the resulting 
pressure in the office of the Director required, by 1946, the creation 
of a new position, designated as Deputy Director, to replace that of 
Assistant to the Director, a post that had been vacant for several 
years. The duties of the Deputy Director combine those of the 
former Assistant to the Director and certain additional responsi- 
bilities. Mr. John R. Millar was appointed to the new position of 
Deputy Director, which he assumed on January 1, 1946. Mr. 
Millar has been a member of the Museum staff since 1918. He 

35 



began his work in the Museum as a preparator in the Department 
of Botany and, later, was a member of important Museum expedi- 
tions to southern Florida, British Guiana, Brazil, and the Bay of 
Fundy. In 1938, he was appointed Curator of the Department of 
the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. 

Mr. Richard A. Martin, of the Department of Anthropology, 
succeeded Mr. Millar as Curator of the Department of the N. W. 
Harris Extension. Mr. Martin was a member of two Museum 
expeditions in the Near East, in 1934 and 1935, and joined the 
Museum staff in 1937 as Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology. 
He was responsible for the preparation of the Kish exhibits in Hall K 
(Archaeology of Babylonia). 

Members of the Museum staff who had been absent in military 
and other government service during the war, not included in the 
list of those reported as returned in 1945, resumed their posts at the 
Museum in 1946, with the exception of one who is still absent in 
government service and two who resigned without returning to the 
Museum. Those who returned in 1946 are: 

Lieutenant (j.g.) Elizabeth Best, U.S.N.R.(W.R.); Raymond Foundation 

Guide-Lecturer 
Captain Emmet R. Blake, U. S. Army; Assistant Curator, Birds 
Staff Sergeant Henry Horback, U. S. Army; Preparator, Geology 

Chief Specialist John W. Moyer, U.S.N.R.; formerly Taxidermist, now in 

charge of Motion Pictures 
Herbert Nelson, Painter 1/C, U.S.N. R.; Painter 
Lieutenant (j.g.) Marie B. Pabst, U.S.N.R.(W.R.); Raymond Foundation 

Guide-Lecturer 
James H. Quinn, Metalsmith 2/C, U.S.N.R.; Chief Preparator, Paleontology 
Staff Sergeant John Rinaldo, U. S. Army; Assistant, Archaeology 
Captain Sharat K. Roy, U. S. Army Air Forces; Acting Chief Curator, 

Geology 
Lieutenant Commander Colin C. Sanborn, U.S.N.R.; Curator, Mammals 
Lieutenant Alexander Spoehr, U. S. Naval Aviation; Curator, Oceanic 

Ethnology 
Major Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., U.S.M.C.R.; Associate, Birds 
Captain Rupert L. Wenzel, U. S. Army; Assistant Curator, Insects 

Of those listed here. Miss Best, Miss Pabst, and Mr. Nelson have 
resigned since their return. The two staff members who resigned 
without returning are Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, formerly Curator of 
Birds, and Mr. Bryant Mather, formerly Assistant Curator of 
Mineralogy, both in civilian government service during the war. 
Mr. Boulton will continue his relationship with the Museum as 
Research Associate, Division of Birds, to which honorary position 
he was elected upon resignation of his curatorship. Dr. C. Martin 
Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology, is still in 
government service with the State Department. 

^6 



Upon his return from the Army, Dr. Roy, formerly Curator of 
Geology, was appointed Acting Chief Curator of the Department 
of Geology. Dr. Spoehr, formerly Curator of North American 
Ethnology and Archaeology, was transferred to the Curatorship of 
Oceanic Ethnology, and Dr. Rinaldo, formerly Associate in South- 
western Archaeology, was appointed Assistant in Archaeology. 
Mr. Moyer, who returned to his position of Taxidermist in the 
Department of Zoology, has been placed in charge of the new 
Division of Motion Pictures. 

Dr. Theodor Just, formerly head of the Department of Biology 
at the University of Notre Dame, joined the Museum staff in August 
as Associate Curator in the Department of Botany. Dr. Harry K. 
Phinney joined the staff on a one-year appointment as Assistant 
Curator of Cryptogamic Botany. 

Mrs. Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian since 1930, retired from that 
position on June 30, after forty-one years of service in the Museum 
Library. Mr. Carl W. Hintz, formerly Director of the Libraries of 
the University of Maryland, succeeded Mrs. Wilcoxson as Librarian. 
Mrs. Wilcoxson is continuing her association with the Museum as 
Librarian Emerita. 

Mr. John W. Winn was appointed Assistant in the Division of 
Fishes, and Mr. James E. Trott was appointed Artist-Preparator 
in the Division of Insects. Mr. Ronald J. Lambert was appointed 
Assistant Taxidermist; Miss Louise Boynton was appointed secre- 
tary to the Librarian; and Miss Helen Gibson (later Mrs. John W. 
Moyer) was appointed clerk in the Division of Amphibians and 
Reptiles. 

New members of the lecture staff of the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation, appointed during the year, are: Miss 
Lorain Farmer, Miss Winona Hinkley, Miss June Ruzicka, and Miss 
Marie Svoboda. Miss Emma Neve resigned from the staff. During 
the summer. Miss Mary Augustine and Miss Shirley Soffel served 
temporarily as guide-lecturers. 

Mr. Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes, was granted 
a leave of absence to accept a temporary post as Associate Curator 
of Fishes in the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C. 
Mr. Julius Friesser, Staff Taxidermist, who had been on leave of 
absence since June, 1945, returned to his position at the Museum in 
July. Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, 
continued on an indefinite leave of absence in California. 

Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, resigned 
from the Museum staff to accept an assistant professorship in the 

37 



Department of Geology at the University of Wyoming in Laramie. 
Mr. Noble Stephens, Assistant Auditor and Manager of the Museum 
Book Shop, resigned to accept a position with the American Bar 
Association. Mr. W. E. Eigsti, Staff Taxidermist, resigned to accept 
a position as director of the Hastings (Nebraska) Museum. Mr. 
Orville Gilpin, Preparator in Paleontology, and Miss Elsey Merriam, 
Assistant Librarian, resigned during the year. 

Two new Research Associates, in addition to Mr. Boulton, as 
stated above, were appointed. Dr. Robert J. Braidwood, Assistant 
Professor of Old World Prehistory and of Anthropology at the 
University of Chicago, was appointed Research Associate in Old 
World Prehistory in the Department of Anthropology. Dr. R. M. 
Strong, Professor Emeritus of Anatomy in the School of Medicine, 
Loyola University, was appointed Research Associate in Anatomy 
in the Department of Zoology. Research appointments are hon- 
orary; they are based upon scientific achievement. 

A number of persons were brought to the Museum on temporary 
appointments to assist in clearing up work that had accumulated 
because of understafRng during the war. They included Miss Louise 
Sweet, in the Department of Anthropology; Mr. Robert H. Forbes, 
in the Department of Botany; Miss Priscilla Freudenheim, in the 
Department of Geology; and, in the Department of Zoology, Miss 
Laura Brodie, Mr. Luis de la Torre, Mr. William Finney, Mr. 
Francis D. Fisher, Mr. Harold Goldsmith, Mr. Harold Grutzmacher, 
Jr., Miss Marjorie P. Howe, Mr. Robert F. Inger, Miss Frances 
Patterson, Mr. Eugene Ray, and Mr. Leonard Rosenthal. 

Mr. Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator in the Department of 
Botany, and Miss Bessie E. Miller, membership solicitor, pensioned 
in 1946, were retained in active service for an additional period. 

With regret I record that two Museum employees and two 
Museum pensioners died in 1946: Mr. John Donges, electrician; 
Mrs. Frances Goetz, clerk in the Department of Botany; Mr. John 
A. Weber, a guard for forty years preceding his retirement; and Mr. 
A. W. Mahlmann, for many years before his retirement a pressman 
in the Division of Printing. 

Volunteer Workers 

The Museum continues, as for many years past, to be indebted 
to an earnest group of volunteer workers whose contribution of time 
and effort to the interests of the Museum and of science, without 
compensation, is noteworthy both in volume and in quality. Some 

38 



1 




Fig. 5. Four paintings by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, representing whaling at 
sea with modern equipment, are displayed in Hall N'l (Hall of Whales), in con- 
trast with his mural, at the end of the hall, of sperm-whaling in the days of sailing 
ships. The two paintings shown here represent the "killer boats" (above) and the 
"factory ship" (below), as they operate in antarctic waters. 




39 



of these are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this 
Report — they are distinguished from salaried workers by the titles 
"Research Associate," "Associate," and, in one case, "Layman 
Lecturer." Others, not in that list, to whom grateful acknowledg- 
ment is made of valuable services, are: 

Department oj Botany: Professor George D. Fuller, Mrs. Catherine 
M. Richards, Mr. Donald Richards, Mr. Albert E. Vatter, Jr., and 
Dr. Frances E. Wynne; Department of Geology: Mr. George Lang- 
ford, Dr. R. H. Whitfield, and Mrs. Violet S. Whitfield; Department 
of Zoology: Mrs. Marjorie Falk, Mr. Robert L. Haas, Mr. Rodger 
D. Mitchell, Professor Oscar Neumann (who died during the year), 
Mr. Howard Pero, Mrs. Sarah H. Pope, Mr. Allen Solem, Mr. Wade 
Whitman, and Mr. Daniel J. Zimring. 

Dr. Ch'eng-chao Liu, of West China Union University, Chengtu, 
China, State Department Visiting Fellow, began a six-month research 
project at this Museum in the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
continuing into 1947. 

Special Staff Activities 

Each year, members of the Museum staff participate in meetings 
of various learned societies, in co-operative enterprises with other 
museums, and in editorial work on various scientific journals. The 
importance of these activities cannot be too strongly stressed, for 
by them the relationships between this Museum and kindred insti- 
tutions are broadened and scientific research in general is advanced. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, attended 
the first postwar meeting of the African Anthropological Committee 
of the National Research Council, Washington, D.C., held at North- 
western University in February, where plans were drawn to continue 
the interest in the African area aroused during the war. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
presented a paper on "The Flora of Guatemala" before the botanical 
section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 
at its meeting in March in St. Louis, and Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research 
Associate in Systematic Botany, served as secretary of the systematic 
section (botany). Mr. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator of 
Insects, and Mr. Henry S. Dybas, Assistant in the Division of 
* Insects, attended the meetings of the entomological section. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator, Department of Zoology, 
presided at the first postwar meeting of the American Society of 
Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, held at the Carnegie Museum in 

40 




Fig. 6. The mural portraying Japanese cycads in a temple garden near Shimizu, 
Japan, in Hall 29, was painted by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert from a drawing 
published in ''American Fossil Cycads" (1906) by G. R. Wieland. 



Pittsburgh in April, where he was joined by Mr. Clifford H. Pope, 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, Mr. D. Dwight Davis, Curator 
of Vertebrate Anatomy, and Mr. Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator 
of Fishes. Mr. Schmidt's address, as retiring president of the 
Society, was on "The New Systematics, the New Anatomy, and the 
New Natural History." Mr. Schmidt and Mr. Davis also attended 
the meetings of the American Society of Mammalogists, held at the 
Carnegie Museum, 

As delegate of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpe- 
tologists, Mr. Schmidt attended the annual meeting of the Division 
of Biology and Agriculture of the National Research Council in 
Washington, D.C., in April. He was a participant in the Pacific 
Science Conference, held in Washington in June under the auspices 
of the National Research Council. He was elected treasurer of the 
newly organized Society for the Study of Evolution. 

Mr. John R. Millar, Deputy Director, represented this Museum 
at the meetings of the American Association of Museums in Wash- 
ington, D.C., in May. While in the East, he visited leading museums 
for consultations on matters of common interest. Dr. Fritz Haas, 
Curator of Lower Invertebrates, attended the meetings of the 

41 



American Malacological Union in Washington, D.C., in August 
and presented a paper on "Shell Sculpture in Normally Smooth 
Unionid Shells." 

The Director of this Museum served as chairman of the local 
committee on arrangements for the Midwest Museums Conference 
of the American Association of Museums, which met in Chicago late 
in October. The programs of the meetings were held in the various 
Chicago museums. 

Mr. Carl W. Hintz, Librarian, was appointed to the American 
Library Association's Board of Resources of American Libraries for 
a five-year term, beginning October 1, 1946. By virtue of this fact, 
he was invited to attend the Conference on International Cultural, 
Educational, and Scientific Exchanges held at Princeton in Novem- 
ber. At this time, he inspected the libraries of the United States 
National Museum, in Washington, D.C., the Academy of Natural 
Science, in Philadelphia, and the American Museum of Natural 
Science, in New York. He has continued to serve on the American 
Library Association's Committee on Book Acquisitions. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Acting Chief Curator, Department of 
Geology, Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, Mr. Harry E. Changnon, 
Assistant in Geology, and Mr. Henry Horback, Preparator, were 
members of the Chicago group that was host to the December 
meetings of the Geological Society of America and its affiliate, the 
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Mr. Patterson is secretary 
of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. 

At the meeting of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science in Boston in December, Dr. Theodor Just, Associate 
Curator, Department of Botany, presented a paper on "Geology 
and Plant Distribution." He was re-elected secretary of the 
paleobotanical section of the Botanical Society of America and 
reappointed chairman of the committee on paleobotanical nomen- 
clature. Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, was 
elected secretary of the systematic section and Dr. Sherff was elected 
chairman. Dr. Sherff was also chairman in 1946 of the Council of 
the American Society of Plant Taxonomists. 

In December, Chicago Natural History Museum, the University 
of Chicago, and Northwestern University were hosts at the forty- 
fifth annual meetings of the American Anthropological Association 
and its affiliated societies. Two members of the Museum staff. Dr. 
Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, and Dr. Wilfrid 
D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, presented papers; and 

42 



Mr. George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, was a member of the 
Chicago committee on arrangements. 

Dr. Just continued in 1946 as editor of the American Midland 
Naturalist and of Lloydia, and as assistant editor of Chronica Botanica. 
Dr. Sherff was made associate editor of Brittonia. Mr. Schmidt 
continued his work as a member of the editorial staff of the American 
Midland Naturalist and as herpetological editor of Copeia. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, became a Trustee 
of the Pacific War Memorial, and Mr. Schmidt accepted membership 
on its scientific advisory committee. In recognition of his contribu- 
tion to arctic geology, a mountain on the south coast of Baffin Island 
has been named for Dr. Roy. The name appears in the latest map 
of that area issued by the Hydrographic Office, Washington, D.C. 
Dr. Roy made his first trip to Frobisher Bay in 1927-28, as staff 
geologist of the Rawson-Macmillan Expedition of the Museum. 



Fig. 7. Melanesian ethnological objects lent by Chicago Natural History Museum 
to the Museum of Modern Art, New York, are displayed in a special exhibit, ''Arts 
of the South Seas." Photograph by courtesy of the Museum of Modern Art. 




'D 



43 




Fig. 8. This sculpture (four 
feet high), a modified enlarge- 
ment of a Hopewell figurine, 
was especially constructed for 
exhibit in Hall B. The origi- 
nal, three and one-sixteenth 
inches high, excavated from 
the Knight Mounds in west 
central Illinois, is in the col- 
lection of the State Museum 
at Springfield. 



Department of Anthropology 

Expeditions and Research 

During the summer, from June to September, the Museum 
resumed archaeological field work in western New Mexico under 
the leadership of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology. 
The work this season included excavations and reconnaissance for 
new sites. The excavations were carried on again at the SU site, 
previously explored in 1939 and 1941. 

The dating of the SU site is of the utmost importance, and it is 
hoped to accomplish this by dendrochronology. In order to date a 
site by this means, one must recover as many roof beams or poles as 
possible. The gathering of such wood specimens (usually burned) 
was the principal goal of the 1946 expedition. 

About 150 pieces of wood were excavated from the pit houses. 
Of this number, probably only ten per cent will be suitable for dating 

44 



i 



purposes. A few charred roof poles were excavated in the two pre- 
vious seasons. A tentative date of a.d. 500 has been placed on the 
3U site. It should be noted that this date is tentative and was 
calculated by means of typology and analogy. The wood specimens 
collected during the three seasons have been shipped to Dr. A. E. 
Douglass of the Tree-Ring Laboratory, University of Arizona, for 
study. If dates are derived from the SU logs, the information will 
be released as soon as available. 

One of the baffling features of the work at the SU site was the 
complete absence of Mogollon Red-on-Brown pottery — a pottery 
type found at several other near-by sites that have been dated at 
from A.D. 700 to 900. No satisfactory explanation for this lack has 
yet been advanced by Dr. Martin, although it is possible that the 
SU site was in existence before the birth of this pottery type. 

The numerous and large pits sunk through the floors of the pit 
houses have always been somewhat puzzling. During the season of 
1946, evidence was unearthed that yielded some data for advancing 
three hypotheses concerning the uses of these pits. They may have 
been: (1) for storage of foods; (2) for sleeping purposes and for 
burials; and (3) for storage of food-grinding tools. 

A total of 525 stone and bone tools, 16 fragments of paint 
pigments, 10,000 sherds, 15 pieces of restorable pottery, 4 skeletons, 
and 150 charred logs was recovered from the excavations. Ten pit 
houses (Q to Z) were dug with the assistance of five local laborers 
and several assistants, including Dr. John Rinaldo, of the anthro- 
pological staff of the Museum, and three students: Mr. Robert 
Anderson, Mr. Tod Egan, and Mr. Leonard Johnson (Fig. 9). 

Motion pictures in color were taken of some aspects of the expedi- 
tionary work and these have been supplemented by scenes taken in 
the departmental laboratories. The latter were photographed under 
the direction of Mr. John W. Moyer of the Museum's Motion 
Picture Division. A report on the summer's researches is now being 
prepared and will be published by the Museum Press. 

Complete anthropometric data on and photographs of 166 Bra- 
zilian Indians were collected for the Museum by Mr. and Mrs. 
James B. Watson of the Department of Anthropology, University 
of Oklahoma. These were accompanied by a number of ethnological 
photographs. These records and photographs are now on file at the 
Museum, 

In the early part of 1946, the Museum Press published Crani- 
ometry of Ambrym Island, by Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of 
African Ethnology. It gives a detailed study of a series of skulls 

45 



brought from that island by the late Dr. Albert B. Lewis, leader 
of the Joseph N. Field South Pacific Expedition (1909 1913). This 
research should be particularly welcome to physical anthropologists, 
since detailed measurements of Ambrym skulls seem to be lacking. 

Now in the Museum Press, and nearing the final stage, is Dr. 
Hambly's Cranial Capacities, A Study in Methods. The data has 
been gathered from a vast body of literature to which has been added 
the results obtained by measuring the cranial capacities of 429 adult 
Melanesian skulls in the Museum collections. One principal object 
of research on cranial capacities has been the discovery of a formula 
for calculating the average capacity of a series of skulls instead of 
working out the capacity by the tedious methods available. 

In the year 1937, the Museum published a monograph by Dr. 
Hambly in two volumes, entitled Source Book for African Anthro- 
pology, which has an extensive bibliography that has been of great 
service to students and teachers. During 1946 some advance has 
been made with a supplementary bibliography for the period 1937- 
1947. The original edition is now exhausted and is ten years old, 
but a well-chosen bibliography covering the period mentioned would 
bring the volumes up to date and so continue their usefulness. 

Indiaris before Columbus, written in the past five years by Dr. 
Martin, Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, and Mr. George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, 
is being published by the University of Chicago Press. This is a 
popular book prepared for laymen and for students beginning the 
study of anthropology and will be available in 1947. 

Dr. Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate in Old World 
Prehistory at the Museum and Assistant Professor of Old World 
Prehistory and of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, pre- 
pared for publication a popular leaflet. It is entitled Prehistoric Men 




Fig. 9. San Francisco Red 
pottery bowl of rare shape, 
recovered from the floor of a 
pit house at SU site, New 
Mexico. Estimated age of 
this bowl is 1,500 years. 



46 



and will replace Anthropology Leaflet No. 31 (Prehistoric Mmi), 
now out of print. Dr. Braidwood has successfully presented the 
story of man's development in Europe in simple and effective 
language. This popular leaflet will be illustrated with some two- 
color plates as well as drawings and photographs. Publication is 
scheduled for 1947. 

A reprinting of Jade by Dr. Berthold Laufer, late Chief Curator 
of the Department of Anthropology, originally published by the 
Museum in 1912, was brought out in December by P. D. and lone 
Perkins, publishers. South Pasadena, California. 

During 1946, Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Eth- 
nology, completed a study of the changes brought about in the social 
organization of the Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee Indians through 
contact with white men. This study completes a project, under- 
taken before the war, on culture change among the Indians of the 
southeastern United States. 

In commencing work on the peoples of the Pacific area. Curator 
Spoehr also began a study of the material culture of Matty and 
Durour islands, in the Micronesian area. The Museum is fortunate 
in having a representative collection from these islands to provide 
a basis for this study. In order to clarify the historical relations 
of the Pacific peoples, particularly in Micronesia and Melanesia, 
careful comparative studies of individual cultures are essential. 

As the native peoples of the Pacific area are drawn into increas- 
ingly close contact with the United States, problems relating to 
culture contact and change assume greater interest and importance. 
An understanding of the particular channels of communication and 
transportation through which Pacific peoples are being affected by 
contact with the West is a necessary preliminary to studies of cul- 
ture change. To this end. Dr. Spoehr contributed an article to the 
Geographical Review on the importance of the Marshall Islands in 
trans-Pacific air transport. 

In March, Dr. Spoehr examined Oceanic collections in eastern 
museums and universities and ascertained what field work in the 
Pacific area these institutions were contemplating. Also, at the 
invitation of the National Research Council, he attended the meet- 
ings of the Pacific Science Conference held in Washington, D.C., in 
June, to formulate specific recommendations for future research in 
the Pacific. 

Curator Collier assisted with the exhibits for the Hall of Archae- 
ology of the New World (Hall B) and prepared material for inclu- 

47 



^ion in the Handbook of Latin American Studies. In June, he left 
Chicago as leader of a Museum expedition to Peru, where he exca- 
vated for six months in the coastal region near Trujillo. He was 
ereatly assisted bv the transportation, laboratory and housmg 
f-ic-ilitie-^ and air maps made available by the Institute of Andean 
Research through a grant by the Viking Fund. In Viru Valley, he 
was fortunate enough to find a stratified deposit that yielded material 
from all known ceramic periods of this region. The sequence was as 
follows: about A.D. 100, Cupisnique; then Salinar, Gallinazo, and 
Mochia; at about A.D. 1000, Coast Tiahuanaco followed by Chimu; 
and at about A.D. 1450, Inca (Figs. 10, 17, 19). This work confirms 
all the earlier work that he and others have done in that area. A 
report of Mr. Collier's work will be published by the Museum Press. 
Dr. Rinaldo returned to the staff from Army service in February 
and spent the first four months in research on and cataloguing of 
the Herzfeld collection of Persian antiquities acquired in 1945. 
From June to September, Dr. Rinaldo assisted Dr. Martin at the 
SU site in New Mexico. Since his return from the field, he has 
catalogued the stone and bone artifacts excavated during the sum- 
mer and has prepared a detailed report and several drawings of 
them. These will be included in Dr. Martin's report. 

During November, Curator Quimby visited thirty-one museums 
in the United States and Canada for the purpose of studying anthro- 
pological exhibits, collections, and research activities. Toggle 
Harpoon Heads from the Aleutian Islands, a short paper by Mr. 
Quimby, was published by the Museum in December. A brief 
article entitled "The Prehistory of Kamchatka" was accepted for 
publication in American Antiquity by the Society for American 
Archaeology. In addition to research for use in the preparation of 
exhibits for Hall B, Mr. Quimby continued research on the archae- 
ology of the Aleutian Islands and began research on the problem 
of the Chinese on the Northwest Coast between a.d. 1785 and 1800. 
During the summer, Mr. Quimby taught an introductory course 
in North American archaeology for Northwestern University. 

In July, work was commenced on the subject file project, a new 
indexing of the Department's catalogue cards for its archaeological 
and ethnological collections. The catalogue cards at present are 
arranged by accession and number, a system that is awkward, 
arbitrary, and not adjusted to the needs and interests of the staff, 
students, and the general public. The new file will be organized 
by geographical divisions and then by descriptive headings, similar 
to the arrangement of a library subject file or an encyclopedia. It 

48 




<*»••■ 



Fig. 10. Ceremonial chamber with niches, in a Chimu town (about A.D. 1450) 
that was excavated by the 1946 Archaeological Expedition to Peru. 



will be an exact and all-inclusive index to the specimens in the 
Department's collection. The ethnological division is being set up 
first. The project is being carried out by Miss Louise Sweet, of 
the staff. 

During the year, Dr. Martin presented lectures to various groups 
of adults, to school children, and to graduate students at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. Usually slides and movies of the excavations 
in New Mexico were shown. Curators Collier, Quimby, and Spoehr 
also lectured at the University of Chicago, presenting discourses 
from their own special fields of knowledge. 

The course on museology, given in co-operation with the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology of the University of Chicago, was continued. 
The classes, consisting of four graduate students, are held for two 
entire days each week throughout the school year from October to 
June. This course has become so well known that two students 
came from abroad especially to the University of Chicago so that 
they might register for the training given at the Museum. 

The training is a kind of internship, in which the students 
learn to conduct all of the operations necessary in a museum. Such 
things as cataloguing, rearranging storerooms, mending and restoring 

49 



pottery, planning exhibits, and writing labels are thoroughly covered. 
In addition, the Director of the Museum, the Superintendent, the 
Public Relations Counsel, the Curator of the Harris Extension, the 
Chief of the Raymond Foundation, and the Associate Editor of 
Scientific Publications lecture to the students. In this manner, a 
well-rounded knowledge of the workings of a great museum is 
obtained. 

Miss Charlotte Otten is working in the Department on a fellow- 
ship from the University of Chicago. A part of her work is concerned 
with planning exhibits under the direction of the curators of the 
Department. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Anthropology 

Nine new exhibits were completed in the Department of Anthro- 
pology, under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby, assisted 
by Artist Gustaf Dalstrom, Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, Ceramic 
Restorer John Pletinckx, Chief Curator Martin, and Curators 
Collier, Spoehr, and Hambly. Eight are on display in the Hall of 
Archaeology of the New World (Hall B) and the ninth in Chauncey 
Keep Memorial Hall (Races of Mankind, Hall 3), as follows: 

1. Early Northern Hunters. — Copper tools and weapons of 
Indians of the Great Lakes region about A.D. 700. Knives, spear- 
heads, axes, gouges, chisels, harpoons, and other tools and weapons 
made of beaten copper, believed to be much older than the copper 
tools and ornaments of later Indians. 

2. The Red Paint Indians. — Stone tools and weapons of ancient 
huntsmen of the Maine woods (A.D. 500-1100). Daily activities 
are illustrated with tools and weapons. On the floor of the exhibit 
is a reconstructed burial covered with red ocher. In the center of 
the exhibit there is a miniature diorama showing how the Indians 
hunted moose. The diorama was constructed by Mr. Rowell. 

3. Fishermen of the North. — The story of how the Interior and 
Coastal tribes of northwestern North America obtained their liveli- 
hood (A.D. 1000 1800). 

4. Fishermen of the South. — The daily life and customs of 
Indians of the Channel Islands of southern California (A.D. 1000- 
1800) shown by their tools, weapons, utensils, and ornaments. 

5. Daily Life of Southern Farmers. — Farming, hunting, cooking, 
sewing, carpentry, and housing of the Indians of the central Mis- 
sissippi Valley (A.D. 1400-1700) illustrated by tools, weapons, 
utensils, and house fragments excavated from old village sites. 

50 



6. Ceremonial and Aesthetic Life of Southern Farmers. — An 
exhibit showing the temples, pyramids, ceremonial axes, ceremonial 
knives, maces, ornaments, tobacco pipes, and game stones (chunkey) 
of the Indians of the central Mississippi Valley (A.D. 1400-1700). 

7. Hopewell Man. — Under the supervision of Curators Quimby 
and Spoehr, Ceramic Restorer Pletinckx modeled a large sculpture 
of a Hopewell man. This sculpture, four feet high, was enlarged 
with slight modifications from an original Hopewell figurine three 
and one-sixteenth inches tall. The original figurine was made by 
Hopewell Indians about A.D. 1100-1400. The enlargement, made 
of concrete reinforced with steel, illustrates a typical Hopewell art 
style — how Hopewell Indians looked to their own artists. This 
exhibit is in Hall B (Fig. 8). 

8. Prehistoric Louisiana Diorama. — The culture of the Coles 
Creek Indians who lived in central Louisiana (A.D. 1300 to 1500) is 
the subject of a diorama installed in Hall B. The diorama shows in 
miniature the earthen pyramids, thatched temples, thatched houses, 
mound-building methods, dugout canoes, costume, pottery, and cere- 
monial activities of the Coles Creek Indians. It was constructed 
by Mr. Rowell under the direction of Curator Quimby (Fig. 4). 

9. Age and Sex Diff"erences of the Human Skeleton. — An exhibit 
installed in Hall 3, under the supervision of Curators Spoehr, 
Hambly, and Quimby, shows skulls, long bones, teeth, and pelves. 
From these, an expert can readily determine the age and sex differ- 
ences in all races. 

A diorama of an ancient Maya city — to be placed in Hall B, 
when finished — was also begun by Mr. Rowell, under the super- 
vision of Dr. Martin and Dr. Spoehr. After several staff confer- 
ences, and with the generous aid of the staff of the Historical Division 
of Carnegie Institution of Washington, it was decided to show a 
portion of the ancient Maya city of Chichen-Itza, Yucatan. In 
the foreground will be a model of the temple called the Red House, 
with the adjoining ball court; near-by are models of Maya houses 
and of a "cenote" or water hole. The "cenote" at Chichen-Itza 
provided water for the inhabitants of the city. The buildings shown 
were built about A.D. 1000. 

In order to make this diorama as authentic as possible and to 
give Mr. Rowell a "feeling" for the setting, the Museum sent him 
to Chichen-Itza for a two-week period. He took many photographs 
and made sketches in color of the part of the city that he is portray- 
ing in the diorama. Mr. Pletinckx modeled the temple in plaster. 

51 



■m^ 






^^wt„ 




Fig. 11. Welwitschia plants in Mossamedes Desert, south West Africa, form a new 
ecological group in the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29), prepared by Chief Preparator 
Emil Sella, with background by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert. 



Department of Botany 

Expeditions and Research 

During 1946, two volumes (Parts 4 and 5) of the Flora of Guate- 
mala by the Curator of the Herbarium, Mr. Paul C. Standley, and 
the Assistant Curator, Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, were published. 
The remainder of the Flora, including parts prepared by several 
specialists, will be issued later. 

In November, Mr. Standley left on an expedition to Honduras, 
Nicaragua, and El Salvador, where he is collecting material for a 
forthcoming Flora of Middle Central America, eventually to be 
published by the Museum. At present, Mr. Standley is making his 
headquarters at the Escuela Panamericana Agricultura at Teguci- 
galpa, Honduras. 

Dr. Steyermark has supervised the typing of labels of more than 
30,000 specimens collected in Ecuador and Venezuela, and is now 

52 



working on the identification of these collections. Important range 
extensions of many plants and a large number of species new to 
science have been found in the families thus far studied. The col- 
lections made on Mount Duida, Mount Roraima, and the previously 
unexplored Ptari-tepui and Sororopan-tepui have proved to be rich 
in undescribed species and, in some cases, new genera. Various 
specialists are collaborating in the study of these collections. 

A great deal of time was devoted by the Curator and Assistant 
Curator of the Herbarium to determinations of plants from various 
parts of the United States, Mexico, and Central and South America. 
Of particular interest were 2,000 specimens from El Salvador, 
obtained by Dr. Margery C. Carlson, Department of Botany, 
Northwestern University. This expedition, carried out under the 
auspices of Northwestern University with the aid of the Museum, 
yielded a number of additions to the known flora of El Salvador. 
The specimens now in the Herbarium will be valuable material in 
the preparation of the forthcoming Flora of Middle Central America. 

In addition to many other specimens, Mr. Standley received for 
determination much material representing the madder (Rubiaceae) 
and mulberry (Moraceae) families. Dr. Steyermark began work 
on the identification of the large collections made by the Curator of 
Economic Botany, Mr. Llewelyn Williams, along the upper Orinoco 
River and Rio Negro in Venezuela in recent years. Mr. Williams 
was on leave of absence for the entire year. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator, continued his extensive 
studies of American palms and extended for publication by the 
Museum his manuscript on tropical and subtropical fruits, originally 
prepared for the benefit of the armed forces stationed in tropical 
areas. He spent several months of this year in Cuba collecting 
palms and useful plants. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Associate Curator of the Department, under- 
took the revision for publication of a manuscript on the Cycadaceae 
by the late Professor Charles J. Chamberlain, Research Associate 
of the Department of Botany, and Professor A. W. Haupt, of the 
University of California at Los Angeles. Mr. J. Francis Macbride, 
Curator of Peruvian Botany, though on leave of absence in Cali- 
fornia, continued his studies on the Flora of Peru at various herbaria 
on the west coast. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
continued his studies in preparation of a monograph of the genus 
Dahlia and various small genera for publication in North American 

53 



Flora. He also did monographic work on certain genera of the flora 
of the Hawaiian Islands, a flora that he has studied extensively. 

The Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, con- 
tinued work during 1946 on a monograph of the non-filamentous 
Myxophyceae in collaboration with Mr. William A. Daily of Butler 
University. This involved three weeks of study during August and 
September in the herbarium and library of the University of Cali- 
fornia at Berkeley. A considerable part of his time was spent in 
determination of species of algae received at the Museum. 

Dr. Harry K. Phinney, appointed Assistant Curator of Crypto- 
gamic Botany in October, pursued further studies leading to a mono- 
graph of the Cladophoraceae and devoted much time to the identi- 
fication of fungi and algae. The reorganization of the collections 
of fungi is being done under his care and supervision. 

Dr. L. Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, continued work on 
the algal flora of Illinois. Mr. Donald Richards and Dr. Frances 
E. Wynne, volunteers, spent as much time as possible in determina- 
tion of species of mosses for the Museum's collections. Miss Grace 
E. Scharf and Mr. Richard D. Wood, graduate students at North- 
western University, made progress in their research on the Micro- 
sporaceae and Characeae. 

The Department of Botany in 1946 received 287 accessions, 
consisting of 53,780 items of material for the economic collections, 
the exhibits, and the herbaria. Of these, 13,513 were received as 
gifts; 21,745 were exchanges; 2,020 were collected by expeditions; 
14,701 were purchases; 160 were transferred from the Division of 
Photography; and 1,641 were negatives of type photographs made 
in Europe by Curator Macbride in 1939, shipment of which was 
delayed because of the war. 

The total number of specimens incorporated in the herbaria and 
other organized collections at the end of 1946 was 1,195,648. Dur- 
ing the year, 36,087 sheets of specimens and photographs of plants 
were added to the herbaria as well as a small number of typewritten 
descriptions of new species. Of the total receipts for the year, the 
greater part was plant specimens and photographs for the herbaria. 
Outstanding among the additions to the phanerogamic herbarium 
from foreign institutions were 984 Costa Rican specimens from the 
Museo Nacional, San Jos^, Costa Rica, which were presented through 
Professor Romulo Valerio Rodriguez; and 1,000 specimens sent in 
exchange by the Instituto Miguel Lillo of the Universidad de 
Tucuman, Tucuman, Argentina. 

54 



More than 23,000 cryptogams were received during 1946, in 
addition to those accruing from Museum expeditions. Of these, 
14,299 were purchased with funds provided by Messrs. Elmer J. 
and Donald Richards, 1,258 came as exchanges with other herbaria 
and individuals, the remainder as gifts. The most notable gift con- 
sisted of 5,261 specimens of bryophytes, including the personal 
herbarium of the late Robert S. Williams, by Mr. Donald Richards. 

During the year, 15,873 cryptogams were mounted and filed in 
the herbarium. Further progress was made toward completing the 
repackaging of the fungi. Large numbers of duplicate specimens 
were prepared for distribution to other herbaria in exchanges. The 
many thousands of paper packets required for storage of all these 
specimens were in large part folded by Mrs. Catherine M. Richards 
of Chicago, volunteer. 

By co-operative arrangement, 5,207 cryptogams, derived chiefly 
from the personal herbaria of Professor Storrow Higginson and the 

Fig. 12. New installations in Hall 29 (Hall of Plant Life) include unusual wild and 
cultivated plants of diverse origin. Left: Bird of paradise flower, native of South 
Africa. Right, above: Fruiting branch of thornless blackberry, similar to some of 
the cultivated varieties of Europe. Right, below: Fruiting branch of damson plum, 
native of western Asia and probably of adjoining parts of Europe. 






\ 




55 



late Dr. A. E. Edgecombe, were received on permanent loan from 
Northwestern University and were mounted and filed in the crypto- 
gamic herbarium. 

The Department distributed as exchanges 16,696 herbarium 
specimens, and by sale and in exchange 11,023 photographic prints 
from the negatives of type specimens of plants in European herbaria 
made by Curator Macbride. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Botany 

The most important addition to the exhibits made during the 
year was the plant habitat group of Wehvitschia mirabilis, prepared 
by Chief Preparator Emil Sella with background painted by Staff 
Artist Arthur G. Rueckert. This group, showing an African desert 
scene in the Portuguese colony of Angola, is the fifth of a series of 
six life-size groups thus far completed (Fig. 11) in Martin A. and 
Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life). 

Other installations were made in the synoptic exhibit of flowering 
plant families in the same hall. Two of these were reproductions in 
plastic and glass of fruiting branches of damson plum and black- 
berry (Fig. 12), assembled by Artist-Preparator Milton Copulos, 
who subsequently was occupied with cleaning and repairing some 
of the older exhibits needing such attention. 

Chief Preparator Sella completed a reproduction of a flowering 
specimen of the bird of Paradise flower (Strelitzia), an African 
member of the banana family (Fig. 12). Some of the original 
material for this exhibit was obtained through the co-operation of 
the local park conservatories. A large mural of "Cycads in a Temple 
Garden" (Fig. 6), the work of Staff Artist Rueckert, was installed 
in Hall 29 (Plant Life). 

Two specimens of a fresh water alga (Nostoc) were also repro- 
duced and will be installed with the synoptic exhibits of lower plants 
in Hall 29 (Plant Life). In Hall 28, an exhibit of flax was added. 
In Hall 27, burls and a specimen of Australian mahogany were 
installed. In the Hall of Food Plants (Hall 25) some models of red 
peppers (pimientos) were added to the exhibit of New World food 
plants, the originals of which were received through the courtesy 
of Mr. Raynor Hubbel, Pomona Products Company, Griffin, 
Georgia. A case containing several palm trunks was also added 
in this hall. The project of rebuilding some of the shallow exhibition 
cases to provide greater depth was carried on, and several of the 
remodeled cases were installed. 

56 



Fig. 13. Footprints of early Oli- 
gocene animals exposed in the 
bed of a dry wash near the Rio 
Grande in trans-Pecos Texas. 
Tracks of wading birds, carni- 
vores, three-toed horses, titano- 
theres, and early rliinoceroses 
may be seen on the hardened 
surface of this thirty-million- 
year-old mud flat. Photograph 
by the 1946 Paleontological Ex- 
pedition to the Southwest. 



I 








b^ 



^ 



V 



^ ^.c 



.i * 



Department of Geology 



Expeditions and Research 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Acting Chief Curator of Geology, who 
returned to the Museum in July, resumed his detailed studies on 
two meteorites, the Mapleton and the Benld. This work had been 
interrupted by his entry into the Army Air Forces in 1942. The 
Benld is one of the eleven meteorites known to have struck and 
damaged property. 

Dr. Roy also began work on a paper on the collection of Upper 
Ordovician fossils that he assembled in 1943 at Southampton Island 
in the Canadian Arctic, while awaiting transportation to his Army 
post in Baffin Island. Another paper, on the present status of the 
Museum's collection of meteorites, is also in course of preparation. 
Preliminary to this work, a survey of the entire collection has been 
made. Taking advantage of an opportunity to do field work 
while serving in the India-Burma theater of war. Dr. Roy obtained 
a month's leave from the Army and collected specimens pertaining 
to economic geology and paleontology from various Indian mines 
and from the Salt Range, Punjab, India. The results and nature 
of these collections will be announced in a later report. 

57 



Mr. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Paleontology, Mr. James H. 
Quinn, Chief Preparator in Paleontology, and a volunteer amateur 
naturalist, Mr. John M. Schmidt of Plainfield, Illinois, left for the 
field in September and returned in November. The area traversed 
lies about fifty miles southeast of Van Horn, Texas, and about 120 
miles from El Paso, between the latter and Big Bend National Park. 

The expedition was led by Curator Patterson and was carried 
out in co-operation with the Bureau of Economic Geology of the 
University of Texas and the Texas Memorial Museum. The objec- 
tive of the undertaking was to make collections in a locality from 
which fragmentary evidence of early Oligocene mammals had been 
previously obtained by the University of Oklahoma and by the 
Texas Memorial Museum. The members of the expedition reaped 
rewards greater than they had expected. Eleven skulls of titano- 
theres, one of which was associated with a partial skeleton, two 
rhinoceros skulls, and numerous more or less fragmentary remains 
of oreodonts, small artiodactyls, three-toed horses, carnivores, and 
rodents were obtained. In addition, a series of casts of the foot- 
prints made by some of these animals, and by others whose bones 
have not as yet been found, was taken from layers of hardened mud 
on which the tracks are as perfectly preserved as though made 
yesterday (Fig. 13). 

When prepared for study, the specimens collected will be of 
interest, particularly from the point of view of evolution and strati- 
graphic sequence. The area from which the material was obtained 
is several hundred miles farther south than any that has yielded 
remains of land mammals of comparable age. It will thus have a 
bearing on correlation problems, since good early Oligocene mam- 
malian faunas are rare, and it will provide some data on the dating 
of the thick series of Tertiary eruptive rocks there. 

The results of the 1945 field trip conducted by Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, in the Cretaceous of Selma 
region, Alabama, were of such interest that it was decided to post- 
pone his proposed work in Wyoming and to revisit the same area 
in Alabama during May, 1946. Dr. Zangerl, assisted by Preparator 
William D. Turnbull and Mr. C. M. Barber of Flint, Michigan, 
spent several weeks in the field and obtained a good series of turtles 
and fishes, several mosasaurs, and a partial skeleton of a hadro- 
saurian dinosaur. Preparation of this material is well advanced, 
and Dr. Zangerl is busy upon a complete description of the fossil 
reptiles of the Selma formation. Parts I and II of the manuscript 
dealing with turtles are nearly ready for the press. It is believed that 

58 




Fig. 14. This shell of a marine turtle, found in the Cretaceous deposits of Alabama, 
is about eighty-five million years old. The disarticulated fragments of the shell are 
shown above. Below is the assembled shell, the results of weeks of careful piece- 
fitting by preparators in the Department of Geology. 




59 



this work will clarify the taxonomic status of several groups and will 
add to our knowledge of the gigantic extinct marine turtles of the 
family Protostegidae (Fig. 14). 

In addition to his work on the Selma reptiles, Dr. Zangerl has 
prepared a paper on a hitherto unknown anosteirine turtle from 
Manchuria and has continued his studies on the methodology of 
comparative anatomy that he began elsewhere prior to his joining 
the Department of Geology. He also continued with success his 
stereoscopic X-ray photography for details of skeletal structure. 

Dr. Everett C. Olson, Research Associate in Vertebrate Pale- 
ontology, completed an extensive manuscript, now in press, on the 
diadectid reptiles. Study of these very primitive Permo-Carboni- 
ferous forms has led Dr. Olson to new conclusions on the classi- 
fication and relationships of the reptiles as a whole. Curator 
Patterson continued his study of the Taeniodonta during the year. 
Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, formerly Assistant Curator in the Depart- 
ment, now at the University of Wyoming, will continue studies on 
fossil horses that he began at this Museum in 1945. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Geology 

Following the policy adopted in recent years of providing intro- 
ductory exhibits that will lead to proper appreciation of a subject 
as a whole, Mr. Harry E. Changnon, Assistant in the Department, 
prepared an exhibit, "The Classification of Minerals," for the Hall 
of Minerals (Hall 34). It has been placed alongside its companion 
case, "Physical Properties of Minerals." The two cases furnish an 
adequate introduction to mineralogy and offer a remedy for the 
complaint often heard that museums do not provide exhibits that 
equip a visitor with the necessary background for further study of a 
subject. The classification shown in the case is based upon chemical 
composition and crystallographic and physical relationships of 
minerals. It follows the system used in the latest edition of Dana's 
System of Mineralogy. 

Mr. Changnon rearranged and also reinstalled the collection 
of amber. A number of duplicate specimens were taken out to avoid 
crowding, and the entire contents were displayed in keeping with 
modern methods of installation. The exhibit of fluorescent minerals, 
which occupied a space in the corridor between Halls 34 and 35, was 
removed for remodeling. The necessary carpentry work in the case 
has been completed, and the exhibit is now awaiting installation. 

An improved diamond disc saw and a lapidary machine were 
procured to facilitate preparation of thin sections and slicing of rocks 

60 



and minerals. These, with other cutting and polishing equipment 
now at hand, will be reinstalled in a room added to the Department. 
Preparator Henry Horback made all the thin sections of rocks, 
minerals, and meteorites that required identification. 

The chemical laboratory was busy throughout the year. There 
were made 108 qualitative analyses and a large number of specific 
gravity tests, particularly for gem minerals. Alcohol redistilled for 
the Department of Zoology amounted to 420 gallons, and 20 gallons 
of water were distilled for departmental and Museum use. 

Present plans call for the modernization of the exhibits in Halls 
34, 35 (Clarence Buckingham Hall), 36, and 37 (Frederick J. V. 
Skiff Hall). To carry out this program it will be necessary to reduce 
substantially the number of specimens in the exhibits and add them 
to the respective reserve collections. Fortunately, the Department 
has been provided with additional rooms, formerly occupied by the 
Harris Extension, to meet such an emergency. For the present, 
storage space is no longer a big problem. These recently acquired 
rooms are now being remodeled and the steel cabinets to house the 
specimens will be delivered within the next six months. The 
Department's program for modernization and expansion is well 
under way (Fig. 18). 

A notable addition to the invertebrate collection consists of 500 
specimens of exquisitely preserved blastoids representing 125 species. 
The collection was made by Dr. D. K. Greger from various localities 
here and abroad and was secured from the owner by purchase. 

In the vertebrate paleontological laboratories effort has been 
concentrated on the preparation of Cretaceous dinosaurs from 
Alberta and New Mexico, obtained a number of years ago. Prepara- 
tion of even a medium-sized dinosaur is a long and tedious process, 
but gratifying progress has been made during the year on a skeleton 
of Parasaurolophus, which is considered the most extraordinary of 
the hadrosaurian group. 

In Paleobotany, the Department has been fortunate in attract- 
ing two competent and enthusiastic volunteer workers — Dr. and 
Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, of Evanston. The Whitfields have undertaken 
the cataloguing of the Langford collection of fossil plants from the 
Pennsylvanian of Illinois that was obtained by the Museum in 1945. 
This undertaking is more than half completed. 

The services of Mr. John Conrad Hansen, Artist in the Depart- 
ment, were made available to the Harris Extension for most of the 
year. However, he made twenty-seven line and pen-and-ink 
drawings for the Department of Geology. 

61 



Department of Zoology 

Expeditions and Research 

The principal zoological expedition in the field in 1946 was that 
in the Philippine Islands, conducted by Captain Harry Hoogstraal, 
recently of the Army Sanitary Corps, with Lieutenant Donald 
He>Tieman as volunteer mammal collector, in co-operation with 
trained personnel of the Philippine Bureau of Science. This party 
has worked at high mountain localities in Luzon and Mindanao, 
and hopes to work also on the zoogeographically distinct island of 
Palawan. Mr. Floyd G. Werner, of Ottawa, Illinois, is attached 
to this expedition to collect insects and other invertebrates. The 
expedition is scheduled to complete its work in 1947. 

Shortly after his return to the Museum from service in the Navy, 
Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, sailed for Peru to 
continue work begun by expeditions in 1939 and 1941. Dur- 
ing delays in securing transportation to his principal objective, 
Pucalpa, on the L''^cayali River, a week's trip to the highlands near 
Lake Junin, at 15,000 feet altitude, was made with Sefior Javier 
Ortiz de la Puente, a student at the University of San Marcos. 

After further delays and considerable hardship on the road, 
Mr. Sanborn joined the Museum's field collector at Pucalpa, Senor 
Jose M. Schunke, who has been accumulating general collections of 
vertebrates from the Pucalpa area. After conferring with Mr. 
Schunke, Mr. Sanborn went to Aguas Calientes, the oil field of the 
Ganzo Azul Oil Company, on the Rio Pachitea. Here he was fortu- 
nate in collecting the rare Bassaricyon, a long-tailed relative of the 
raccoons, especially desired for the Museum's program of research 
on the anatomy of the carnivora. After arranging for the shipment 
of both his own collections and those of Mr. Schunke from Iquitos, 
Mr. Sanborn returned to Lima, and reached Chicago by plane 
on May 20. 

The Museum was represented on the Bikini Atoll Expedition, 
a part of the Navy's Crossroads Project, by Mr. Melvin A. Traylor, 
Jr., Associate in the Division of Birds. Mr. Traylor (then Captain, 
U.S.M.C.R.), as project officer, took part in the surveys of abundance 
of pelagic fishes prior to the bomb explosions. He was able also to 
collect birds on the islands of Bikini Atoll itself. It is interesting 
to report that after the atomic bomb explosions he found little or no 
disturbance of the populations of sea birds nesting on the islands. 

Other expeditionary field work, in addition to an active program 
of local collecting in the interest of exhibition by the Divisions of 

62 



1 




Fig. 15. A model of the pirarucu, gigantic fresh-water fish of tlie Amazon, is an 
interesting addition to the panel representing the primitive bony fishes in Hall O 
(Hall of Fishes). The model is nine feet in length. 



Birds, Reptiles, and Insects, included a tour of the West and South- 
west by Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt, on which he was accom- 
panied by his sons, John and Robert. In addition to much-needed 
conferences with western colleagues and such collections as could 
be obtained in the course of a rapid transect of the country, Mr. 
Schmidt's principal objectives were a fresh view of the mode of 
transition and interdigitation of biotic provinces, and a reconnais- 
sance of areas regarded as favorable for further Museum field work. 
The last leg of the 8,800-mile journey was to the remote desert 
bolson of Las Delicias in the Mexican state of Coahuila, where the 
party joined a motor expedition from the American Museum of 
Natural History under the leadership of Mr. Charles M. Bogert. 

A summer station was set up by Mr. Clifford H. Pope, Curator 
of Amphibians and Reptiles, at the Highlands Museum, in High- 
lands, North Carolina. Mr. Pope served the museum at Highlands 
as Director for two months. This enabled him to make some twenty 
field excursions in the neighboring areas. The southern Appalach- 
ians are remarkable for their wealth of salamanders as well as for a 
great variety of reptiles, and Mr. Pope hopes to establish a program 
of continued field collecting and study in this area. 

Mr. Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes, Mr. Ronald 
J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist, Mr. Robert L. Haas, volunteer 
worker, and Dr. C. Eliot Williams, Assistant Director, Chicago 
Academy of Sciences, went to Cape Vincent, New York, in July 

63 



to examine a motor launch offered for loan to the Museum in con- 
nection with proposals for renewed limnological studies on Lake 
Michigan. The launch proved unsuitable, but the trip resulted in 
a total of 1,438 fishes from Lake Ontario and its tributary Canadian 
streams. 

Staff Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder left December 26 for Trini- 
dad, British West Indies, where he will collect vertebrates for 
several divisions of the Museum. He will be aided by Mr. E. M. 
Chenery of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture at Port-of-Spain. 
Mr. Chenery has been an active correspondent of the Museum 
since his work here in 1944. 

Within the Museum, major research activities were resumed by 
the staff, though still under the handicap of routine work accumu- 
lated during the war years. In the Division of Mammals, Dr. 
Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus, continued his work on the 
check-list of South American mammals. Mr. Sanborn prepared a 
list of the Museum's type specimens of mammals, together with 
several shorter papers. 

In the Division of Birds, Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, 
who returned from Army service in June, has been engaged in review- 
ing and arranging the birds he collected on two pre-war expeditions 
to British Guiana, with a view to an extended report upon them. 
He plans also a review of the birds of Bolivia, in collaboration with 
Mr. Traylor. Mr. Boardman Conover, Research Associate, was 
engaged on the revision of the volume listing the hawks and the 
water birds for The Birds of the Americas and published a paper, 
Xoies on Some Neotropical Haicks, in Fieldiana. Mrs. Ellen T. 
Smith, Associate, was invaluable in the routine work of the Division. 

In the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, Curator Pope con- 
tinued his studies on the growth of the rattle of rattlesnakes, in 
collaboration with Dr. Arnold A. Zimmermann, of the University 
of Illinois IVIedical School. Mr. Pope has completed a paper with 
Dr. L. W. Peterson of the same institution on the effects of rattle- 
snake venom under controlled methods of treatment. 

Other studies have gone forward on the collections made in 
North Carolina during Mr. Pope's summer field work. Mr. Robert 
F. Inger, graduate student at the University of Chicago, has greatly 
advanced his studies on the amphibians and reptiles of the Ryukyu 
Archipelago, which have proved to be a focus of biological interest 
in the basic problem of evolution, the initiation of the differentiation 
of species. Considerable collections from this interesting island chain 
had reached various American museums as a result of collecting 

64 





~\ 



"•^.^-j*"?. ^fliij#^sT_ «aKaK^.' 



Fig. 16. In a process invented by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, Mr. Ronald 
J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist, is engaged in saturating a bit of woodland soil 
with lacquer solution. The bull-snake model has been fitted to the area shown. 
When the lacquer dries, this segment of the ''actual outdoors" will be taken up to 
use in preparing a model for a museum exhibit. 




65 



by service men during the war, and a share of these has been con- 
centrated in this Museum for examination and report. 

Dr. Ch'eng-chao Liu, of West China Union University, Chengtu, 
China, State Department Visiting Fellow, has worked in the 
Museum's Division of Amphibians and Reptiles since his arrival in 
Chicago in September. He is engaged on a comprehensive report 
on the amphibians of West China based on the large collections he 
made during the war years. It is gratifying that the Museum, in 
collections, library, and personnel, can offer a favorable situation 
for his work. Dr. Liu had worked under Mr. Schmidt's direction in 
the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles in 1933 and 1934, and Mr. 
Pope, now Curator of the Division, is the principal American 
authority on the herpetology of China. 

For the Division of Fishes, Mr. John W. Winn, Assistant, has 
begun the study of the fresh-water fishes of tropical America, a 
department of ichthyological studies in which the Museum has 
pioneered throughout its history. In October, Mr. Woods began 
his work for the United States National Museum on reports on the 
vast collections of fishes made under the auspices of the Navy in 
connection with the Bikini atomic bomb test. Mrs. Marion Grey, 
Associate, continued studies on distribution of deep-sea fishes. The 
Aeronautical University of Chicago has drawn upon the Museum's 
facilities for the study of the hydrodynamics of fish locomotion and 
hopes to pursue this program during 1947. 

In the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, the major project con- 
tinued to be the comparative anatomy of the mammals of the order 
Carnivora, which has developed in correlation with Curator D. 
Dwight Davis's study of the anatomy of the giant panda (known to 
the staff as "The Inside Story of Su-Lin"). Comparative anatomy 
is being approached from the classical aspect of evolutionary phy- 
logeny, with its important attendant revisions of classification, and 
from the newer approach of functional anatomy, which leads 
directly to observation of the living animal in field and laboratory. 

Dr. Walter Segall, who has been associated with the Division for 
anatomical research during the past several years, has prepared for 
publication a study of the auditory ossicles of the man-like apes. 
His preparations have greatly augmented the Museum's collections 
of mammalian auditory ossicles. 

Dr. R. M. Strong, appointed Research Associate in Anatomy in 
October, was extremely helpful in the final stages of the printing of 
the Index Volume, Part 3, of his Bibliography of Birds. Dr. Strong 
is engaged on an atlas of the anatomy of the large salamander, 

66 



Necturus, which is much used as a laboratory type in the teaching 
of comparative anatomy, and on the completion of his monumental 
anatomy of the albatross, with its wealth of plates. 

The activities of the Divisions of Insects and Lower Inverte- 
brates were mainly of a curatorial nature because of the great 
growth of the collections and the absence of personnel during the 
war years. Assistant Curator Rupert L. Wenzel undertook some 
studies on histerid beetles and Assistant Henry S. Dybas continued 
his researches on the feather-winged beetles. The acquisition of a 
large collection of clerid beetles involved the preparation for publi- 
cation of a check-list for North America of the beetle family Cleridae 
by Mr. Albert Burke Wolcott, former Assistant Curator of the Harris 
Extension, and this has required correspondence and revision by 
members of the staff. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates, Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator, 
has written a leaflet on the natural history of pearls and has prepared 
a paper on the land and fresh-water mollusks of the Peruvian Depart- 
ment of Loreto, in the upper Amazon region. 

Six articles for the Museum Bulletin were contributed by the 
staff, including one by Mr. C. M. Barber, former staff member, 
on the history of the prong-buck group. 

The total accessions number 54,803. These consist of 1,609 
mammals, 12,238 birds, 3,766 reptiles and amphibians, 3,556 fishes, 
31,481 insects and allies, and 2,153 other invertebrates. In addition, 
1,413 microscope slides of animal tissue were presented by Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles. 

The more notable gifts are: 330 mammals from New Caledonia, 
from Dr. Arnold J. Nicholson, of Billings, Montana; 403 birds from 
Mr. Conover; 77 birds from Mr. Traylor; 992 amphibians and 
reptiles from Dutch New Guinea, from Captain Harry Hoogstraal; 
40 specimens of snakes, received alive, from Mr. J. E. Johnson, Jr., 
of Waco, Texas; 599 identified marine fishes from Dr. Carl L. 
Hubbs, of Scripps Oceanographic Institute; 261 marine fishes from 
Mr. A. R. Watkins, of Chicago; and 329 marine fishes from Mr. 
Edward F. Ricketts, of Pacific Grove, California. 

In scientific importance, the outstanding gift of the year was that 
of the collection of beetles of the family Cleridae, accumulated 
during the lifetime specialization on this group by Mr. Wolcott. 
His collection amounts to 4,740 specimens — a world-wide repre- 
sentation—and includes 164 types. Other large gifts in the Division 
of Insects include the wartime collections of 3,997 specimens from 
Mr. Dybas, from the Pacific Islands, and of 3,060 specimens from 

67 



Mr. Eugene Ray; 1,500-odd identified spiders, from the Middle West, 
from Dr. Donald C. Lowrie, of Las Vegas, New Mexico; and 1,125 
gall wasps, including 53 types, from Dr. Lewis H. Weld, of East 
Falls Church, Virginia. 

Large gifts of specimens of land, fresh-water, and marine mollusks 
were received from Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel, of Scarsdale, New York; 
Dr. Henry Van der Schalie, of Ann Arbor, Michigan; the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology at Harvard University; and Mr. Ricketts. 

In accordance with the co-operative agreement with the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, three students have carried on work under the 
Museum's auspices during 1946. Mr. Anthony de Vos, of the staff 
of the Buitenzorg Museum in Java, and recently of the Royal 
Netherlands Indies Air Force, received the Museum-University 
Fellowship in Zoology in February, working partly at the Museum 
and partly at the University, resigning in June. Mr. Robert F. 
Inger's comprehensive study of the amphibians and reptiles of the 
Ryukyu Islands, already mentioned, will be submitted as his 
doctoral dissertation at the same university. Mr. Walter L. Necker 
and Mr. Robert L. Fleming took advantage of the arrangements 
for carrying on university work under the Museum's auspices and 
on the Museum's collections. By special arrangement, Mr. Ram 
Singh of the British Guiana Museum of Natural History, in George- 
town, British Guiana, has spent several months working in the 
Museum's taxidermy shops to improve his knowledge of modern 
museum techniques of mounting and preparation of specimens. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Zoology 

In Hall 15 (mammals systematically arranged), the North 
American rodents were reinstalled and relabeled, and the screens 
of hares, rabbits, and pikas and of foreign rodents were reinstalled 
with ten new mounted specimens, the work of Staff Taxidermist 
W. E. Eigsti. Four paintings by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, 
representing modern whaling operations, were installed in Hall N-1 
(whales), where they supplement the striking mural of a scene from 
the romantic days of whaling in the sailing-ship era (Fig. 5). 

In the Division of Birds, much effort has been made to prepare 
adequate plans for a series of screens of local birds, in which the 
seasonal changes in the bird life of the Chicago region will be 
reflected. Plans are also being drawn for a wall case to show the 
phenomenon of "subspeciation" and to define a subspecies. 

In the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, the labeling and 
temporary installation of models of a wide variety of North American 

68 



and foreign reptiles were well advanced by the end of the year. The 
ultimate plan for the hall of reptiles is to establish a series of alcoves 
for the reptiles and amphibians in a more unified treatment of 
subjects (Fig. 16). 

In the Division of Fishes, the plans for exhibition of deep-sea 
fishes resulted in so striking a panel of paintings by Staff Taxider- 
mist L. L. Pray that this was installed as a temporary exhibit in 
a case in the corridor adjacent to Hall (fishes). Mr. Pray continued 
his program of additions of important types of fishes in Hall O. 
These include models of the gigantic pirarucu of the Amazon, one 
of the largest fresh-water fishes of the world (Fig. 15); an improved 
model of the great white shark; the remarkable South American 
electric eel; and the dangerous carnivorous piranha, also of South 
American waters, schools of which occasionally attack large animals. 
A model of the common shiner adds an interesting form to the 
exhibit of local fishes. 

In the Division of Insects, the addition to the staff of Mr. James 
E. Trott as Artist-Preparator makes possible long-range plans for 
exhibition of insects by means of enlarged models. Clay models 
and drawings for use in such plans and a completed model of a wood 
tick carved in plastic give great promise for the future of exhibi- 
tion in this field. The first cases planned are to show insects and 
ticks of medical importance and life histories of mosquitoes, espe- 
cially of the malaria-transmitting Anopheles, which will include also 
an exhibit to show the life cycle of the malaria organism. 



Fig. 17. The Viru Valley Camp of the 1946 Archaeological Expedition to Peru. 
Mountains of the coastal desert are in the background. 




69 




Actual size, i6 inches by 24 inches 



Fig. 18. This specimen of calico rock, one of the most picturesque of banded 
colored sandstones, is a fine example of rock coloration by weathering (Hall 35). 

Cataloguing, Inventorying, and Labeling — 

All Departments 

Anthropology 

Twenty new accessions were received by the Department of 
Anthropology during 1946. All but three of these were entered in 
the inventory books. There were 990 catalogue cards prepared 
during the year, and 1,890 were entered. Since the inventory books 
were first opened, 233,408 cards have been entered in them. The 
Division of Printing delivered 176 labels to this Department. 

Botany 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Secretary of the Department, kept the 
records of botanical accessions, loans, and exchanges up to date as 
usual, as well as the Botany Library catalogue and card index of 
new species. For new exhibits added during the year, labels were 
prepared, and various old labels were revised. Labels were provided 
for 11,023 photographic prints from the negatives of type specimens 
furnished to other institutions during 1946, and for many others 

70 



assembled but not sent out. Labels were provided by the curators 
concerned for all new sheets added to the herbaria of phanerogams 
and cryptogams as well as for the economic collections. The 
systematic card catalogue of Venezuelan woods collected by various 
Museum expeditions was almost completed. 

Geology 

Thirty-four accessions were received and 3,630 geological and 
paleontological specimens were numbered and catalogued. Of the 
latter, 65 were for rocks and minerals, 258 for physical and economic 
geology, 185 for vertebrates, 516 for invertebrates, and 2,606 for 
fossil plants. During the year an unusually large number (23,941) 
of catalogue cards and storage labels were prepared and checked, 
and additional data were inserted whenever necessary. This labori- 
ous task was carried out by Mr. Henry Horback, Preparator, Miss 
Priscilla Freudenheim, temporary assistant, and Mr. Donald J. 
Stoopes, Antioch College student. The records of exchanges, loans, 
etc., of the Geology Library and of the United States geological 
maps, of which 95 were received and filed, were kept up to date by 
Miss Frances Foley, Secretary of the Department. A complete 
inventory of the meteorite collection was made by Mr. Horback. 
The Division of Printing delivered, during the year, 215 labels. 

Zoology 

The total entries in the Department catalogues were 18,029, of 
which 1,401 were for mammals, 12,816 for birds, 2,145 for reptiles, 
492 for fishes, 656 for anatomy, and 519 for lower invertebrates. 
Much relabeling of cases and shelves was done in the Division of 
Birds, with the aid of special assistants and of Miss Julia B. Cocks 
and Miss Marie Evans, Antioch College students. In the Division 
of Insects, relabeling and rearrangements of various groups of 
insects were carried on as a major activity. Miss Mary Brombacher, 
Antioch College student, rendered important assistance in this work. 
The notable accession of beetles of the family Cleridae was incor- 
porated in the Museum's previous collection by means of the 
valuable unit tray system, which is being applied throughout the 
collection wherever it is found suitable. Mr. Eugene Ray's services 
as temporary assistant for two months placed the Museum's collec- 
tion of the beetle family Mordellidae in the same readily accessible 
condition. Relabeling of the Webb Collection of Mollusks proceeded 
in the style adopted for the collection of shells, much aided in the last 
of the year by Miss Lucille Hanford, Antioch College student. 

71 



The Library 

In many respects, 1946 was a notable year for the Library from 
the standpoint of opportunities as well as accomplishments. The 
reopening of normal channels of communication with most countries 
has resulted in the receipt of much material held abroad during 
the war years. Furthermore, the contents of many private libraries 
came on the market, offering opportunities to acquire material that 
has long been unavailable or hard to find. 

During the year, 3,299 items were added to the collection. Of 
this number, 907 were secured by purchase and the remainder by 
gift and exchange. As of December 31, 1946, the number of acces- 
sioned items in the Museum Library stood at 122,273. According 
to the latest and most reliable information available, this places the 
Library of this Museum in fourth rank among the natural science 
museum libraries of the United States. 

On July 1, Mrs. Emily M. Wilcoxson became Librarian Emerita, 
and Mr. Carl W. Hintz, formerly Director of the Libraries of the 
University of Maryland, was appointed Librarian. Mrs. Wilcoxson 
joined the staff in 1905, and became Librarian in 1930; thus, her 
association with the Library spans four-fifths of its existence. As 
Librarian Emerita, Mrs. Wilcoxson has been cataloguing the collec- 
tion of books left by the late Dr. Berthold Laufer, eminent Sinologist, 
who was for many years a member of the staff of the Museum. 

Continued emphasis has been placed upon the acquisition of 
serial publications and the completion of broken files. Among the 
more notable accessions are: 

American Philosophical Society. Proceedings, 1859-1875 

American Philosophical Society. Transactions, n.s., v. 1-21, 1818-1908 

American Journal of Anatomy, v. 1-57 (with parts missing from four volumes) 

The Entomologist, v. 19-33, 1886-1900 

The Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 1-15, 1931-1945 

Parasitology, v. 17-36, 1925-1945 

Societe Entomologique de France. Annales, 1860-1942 

Societe Botanique de France. Bulletin, v. 30-47, 1883-1901 

Wiener Entomologischer Verein. Jahresbericht, v. 1-30, 1890-1919 

Royal Society of Canada. Transactions and Proceedings, v. 1-12, 1883-1895 

Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions. Abridged edition, 

V. 1-18 
Albert I, Prince de Monaco. Resultats des Campagnes Scientifiques, Fasc. 

1-102, 1889-1939 
K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. Handlingar, n.s., v. 3-27, 1859-1896 

It is gratifying to report continued growth of this character 
despite the problems that are its inevitable companions, namely, 
provision of space and increased complexity of handling. Relief for 

72 



The 

mi 



n. Of 

-:.'ierbT 

■■>^ofacces- 

■B the 
. ^ience 

^serita, 
- of the 



■:i\her 
.-T.'ce. As 
•: the collec- 
- vnolodst. 



]ng the 



SHJ 



,^ edii 
-,*,Fast.j 



nam 
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the overcrowded condition of the General Library is expected in 
1947, when the space on the third floor formerly occupied by the 
Division of Printing becomes available to the Library. 

A large proportion of the material acquired by the Library is in 
serial form, which is more difficult to handle than are separate 
works. In order to facilitate record keeping, it was decided to install 
visible file equipment and concentrate all information as to source 
(i.e., subscription, gift, or exchange, name of source), receipt of 
numbers, and eventually our holdings, in one place. This equip- 
ment is now on order, and a start has been made in assembling the 
information. The work of classification and cataloguing of new 
material proceeded throughout the year, and 17,893 cards were 
added to the catalogues and shelf list. Late in the year, use of 
Library of Congress catalogue cards was begun. 

The number of visitors served during the year was 2,687. Inas- 
much as the Library is not widely publicized, it may be safely 
assumed that these were all readers with a serious purpose. Through 
the interlibrary loan system, twenty-two items were borrowed for 
the use of staff members; seventy-nine items were lent to other 
institutions. 

Since the beginning of the Army Map Service depository program, 
a total of 7,796 maps has been received. Of this number, 2,514 were 
received in 1946. 

During the year, Mr. Frank Heyser, the bookbinder, did work as 
follows: 

New binding 554 pieces 

Restorations 364 pieces 

Pamphlet binding 28 pieces 

Special jobs 74 pieces 

Maps mounted and repaired 27 pieces 

In addition, Mr. Heyser placed bookplates in 2,340 volumes and 
marked call numbers on 1,025 volumes. Two large shipments of 
work were sent to a commercial bindery during the year. 

Publications and Printing 

The amount of research prepared for publication has been greatly 
increased by additions to the Museum staff and the return of staff 
members from service with the armed forces. It has, therefore, 
become necessary to increase the efficiency of the Museum Press. 
In former years, the Division of Printing occupied space on two 
floors — job presses and composing room on the third floor, cylinder 
press and monotype equipment on the ground floor. Considerable 

73 



time was lost as a result of this separation. Consequently, now that 
the Museum Press has been consolidated in a single location on the 
ground floor by use of space adjacent to the pressroom, the increase 
in production has been notable. In further effort to augment the 
publication of scientific works, the policy has been adopted of sending 
out to commercial printers many of the Museum's other types of 
printing, such as post cards and some non-scientific pamphlets. 

Acknowledgment is made of the untiring effort of Miss Lillian 
A. Ross, Associate Editor of Scientific Publications, to maintain 
quality of work and to increase production during the time of inter- 
rupted operation that accompanied the change of location of the 
Museum Press. 

It is a matter of considerable gratification that in 1946 the 
Museum Press was able to complete the publication of Part 3 of 
A Bibliography of Birds, by Dr. R. M. Strong. The first volume 
of this work appeared in March, 1939, and the second volume in 
November, 1939. Progress was suspended during the war. 

The removal of wartime and postwar restrictions in connection 
with the forwarding of publications and other printed matter to 
most of the countries of the Eastern Hemisphere made it possible 
for the Museum to distribute to that part of the world, through the 
international exchange bureau of the Smithsonian Institution, the 
many thousands of copies of its publications that had accumulated 
since late in 1939. In excess of 25,000 copies, totaling in weight 
six and one-half tons of shipping, were sent out during the year. 
Copies of 1946 issues of scientific papers were distributed to the 
Museum's domestic exchanges. 

Sales during the year totaled 2,736 copies of scientific publica- 
tions, 8,906 copies in the popular series, and 25,791 miscellaneous 
pamphlets, such as guides, handbooks, and memoirs. Forty-nine 
new exchange arrangements with institutions and scientists were 
established. For future sales, foreign exchanges, and other distri- 
butions, the Museum in 1946 wrapped, labeled, and stored an addi- 
tional 13,747 copies of publications and miscellaneous pamphlets 
in 207 packages. Of the 170,656 picture post cards sold during the 
year, 67,575 were colored views and 9,178 were in 724 prepared sets. 

Production of the Division of Printing in 1946 included seven 
new numbers in the Museum's regular publication series. These 
comprised 1,717 pages of type composition and 30 pages of plates. 
The number of copies printed was 6,087. The Annual Report of the 
Director for the Year 19It.5 consisted of 136 pages of type composition, 
and 6,099 copies were printed. One reprint of the General Guide, 

74 



consisting of 48 pages, totaled 10,598 copies. The total number of 
pages printed in all books was 1,901, and the total number of copies 
printed was 22,784. 

Six issues of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were 
printed, with an average of 5,850 copies per issue. Exhibition labels 
printed during the year reached a total of 1,007. Other printing, 
including stationery, posters. Museum Stories for Children (Ray- 
mond Foundation), lecture schedules, and publication and leaflet 
price lists, brought the total number of impressions for the year 
to 1,430,049. 

Following is a detailed list of publications issued during the year: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Hambly, Wilfrid D. 

Craniometry of Ambrym Island. Fieldiana, Anthropology, vol. 37, No. 1, 
158 pp., 30 plates. 

QuiMBY, George I. 

Toggle Harpoon Heads from the Aleutian Islands. Fieldiana, Anthropology, 
vol. 36, No. 2, 10 pp., 9 text figures. 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 
Standley, Paul C, and Julian A. Steyermark 

Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Botany, vol. 24, Part 4, 499 pp. 
Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Botany, vol. 24, Part 5, 510 pp. 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 
Conover, Boardman 

Notes on Some Neotropical Hawks. Fieldiana, Zoology, vol. 31, No. 5, 8 pp. 

Osgood, Wilfred H. 

A New Octodont Rodent from the Paraguayan Chaco. Fieldiana, Zoology, 
vol. 31, No. 6, 4 pp., 1 text figure. 

Strong, Reuben Myron 

A Bibliography of Birds. Zoological Series, vol. 25, Part 3, 528 pp. 

ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATIONS 

Annual Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 191^5. 136 pp., 
33 text figures, 2 plates. 

General Guide. Twenty-seventh edition. 48 pp., 3 text figures, 5 plates. 

Photography and Illustration 

Production in the Division of Photography was increased for 
the fifth successive year. Output in 1946 was 22,169 items, as com- 
pared with 19,792 items in 1945 and 18,363 items in 1944. The 
negatives, prints, enlargements, transparencies, and lantern slides 
included in production were made for miscellaneous sales to the 
public, for other institutions, and for the press as well as for the 

75 



various departments and divisions of the Museum. There are now 
more than 103,000 negatives in the files, and the enormous task of 
classifying, numbering, captioning, and indexing them continues. 

The Division of Illustration furnished, during the year, drawings, 
lettering, designs, maps, charts, and miscellaneous art work for 
publications, posters, exhibits, and so forth, as required by the 
departments and divisions of the Museum. The work was done by 
Miss Norma Lockwood, Staff Illustrator. 

The Staff Artist, Mr. Arthur G. Rueckert, completed within 
the year two important undertakings, both for the Department of 
Botany — the background for the new habitat group of Welwitschia 
mirahilis and a large mural, "Cycads in a Temple Garden." Early 
in the year he finished the last of a series of four paintings showing 
modern whaling methods; in December, he undertook studies 
preliminary to further work for the Department of Zoology. 

Motion Pictures 

In March, the newly established Division of Motion Pictures, 
with Mr. John W. Moyer in charge, began active participation in the 
Museum's program of visual education. Equipped to function as a 
separate unit, the Division is designed to augment the Museum's 
study and research resources by means of motion-picture expositions 
produced with the advice of the various curatorial staffs concerned. 




Fig. 19. Pottery funerary 
vessel, nine inches high, of 
the Mochica Indians (about 
A.D. 900), excavated in Viru 
Valley by the 1946 Archaeo- 
logical Expedition to Peru. 



76 



This year, initial organizing procedures occupied the Division 
almost entirely. An accomplishment of major importance was the 
salvaging of all motion-picture film in the Museum's Film Library. 
These films, many of which are original negatives taken on Museum 
expeditions, and other prints, which have been presented to the 
Museum by members and friends, are valuable in many instances as 
a record of peoples and places that can never again be photographed 
in their historical and traditional significance. 

Color transparencies were prepared for various departments for 
use in departmental work. During the last part of the year, work 
was begun on the script, photography, and editing of additional 
footage to supplement the film taken on the Museum's Archaeologi- 
cal Expedition to the Southwest, 1946. This picture, to be completed 
early in 1947, will be a motion-picture record in color of a Museum 
expedition, the first color-film record made of a Museum activity. 
The film will be shown to the general public. 

Public Relations 

Especially generous space in the newspapers of Chicago was 
accorded to Museum events and features during 1946, with special 
emphasis on pictorial spreads and layouts, including both roto- 
gravure and color-page work as well as routine black-and-white 
pictures. This was a gratifying response to the 280 releases issued 
during the year through the Public Relations Counsel's office, 
because "pictures in the papers" attract greater public attention 
than even the best and longest news stories. 

The bulk of the pictures published was made by the staff photog- 
raphers of the various newspapers and press services, who often 
also sent their staff writers on "follow-up" assignments. The 
releases that bring such assignments of staff writers and camera men 
are regarded as the most successful, as they indicate a real interest 
by the editors in the subjects being publicized. 

Outstanding pictorial layouts included the full front color page 
of the Chicago Tribune Sunday magazine, plus half a page inside the 
section, on "Foods We Got From the Indians," based on exhibits 
in the Hall of New World Archaeology (Hall B); the full front page 
and one full inside page of the Chicago Daily News Saturday roto- 
gravure section at Easter time, on "Hats Around the World" selected 
from the Museum collections and posed on a fashion model; photo- 
graphic layouts in the Chicago Sun, Tribune, Times, Daily News, 
and Herald-American on the new Louisiana prehistoric Indian 

c" 77 









village diorama (Hall B) and the new Welwitschia plant group in 
Hall 29; a summer vacation pictorial feature of children among the 
Museum exhibits, in the Chicago Daily Times; a Museum survey 
story of several columns by Miss Marcia Winn, accompanied by a 
picture layout, in the Chicago Sunday Tribune; and a half-page 
picture feature in the Chicago Herald- American reproducing the 
new series of paintings on modern whaling (Hall N-1) by Mr. 
Arthur G. Rueckert, Staff Artist. 

Some stories appeared even in the Chicago Journal of Commerce 
(which publishes no pictures). The features mentioned here are 
only a few among many. A large part of these were given circulation 
throughout the United States and even in foreign countries through 
the co-operation of such national news and picture agencies as 
Associated Press and its affiliate. Wide- World Photos, United Press, 
International News Service, International News Photos, Science 
Service, Acme Newspictures, and others. One of the most appreci- 
ated services is that of the City News Bureau, which on innumerable 
occasions has expedited transmission of urgent Museum publicity 
by granting the use of its pneumatic tubes that give instantaneous 
delivery to all Chicago newspaper offices and many national agencies. 



Fig. 20. The lunchroom is one of the busiest spots in the Museum. In a single 
day, as many as 873 people have been cared for in the lunchroom, in addition to 
more than five hundred people in the cafeteria. 




78 




Fig. 21. The Book Shop is a center of interest to serious students who wish to 
obtain authoritative books on natural history and related subjects. Souvenirs and 
miscellaneous items are also for sale in the Book Shop. 



The Downtown Shopping News, the hundreds of local news- 
papers published in various Chicago neighborhoods, Chicago 
suburbs, and upstate and downstate Illinois, arid the foreign lan- 
guage newspapers of Chicago also were generous contributors of 
space. Lengthy illustrated articles on the Museum were published 
in the Illinois Central Magazine and the Cherry Circle of the Chicago 
Athletic Club. To Miss Marcia Winn of the Tribune, already men- 
tioned for one extensive article, are due special thanks because time 
and time again during the year she has devoted her widely read 
daily column, "Front Views and Profiles," in whole or in part to 
Museum stories. 

As in other years, radio stations of Chicago and national net- 
works as well— WIND, WMAQ, WON, WBBM, WENR, WLS, 
WAIT, WCFL, WAAF, WJJD, American Broadcasting Company, 
Columbia Broadcasting System, National Broadcasting Company, 
Mutual Broadcasting System, and others — have been lavish of time 
to the Museum on their news and feature programs. Again, as 
hitherto, the most fruitful contributor of radio attention (on an 
average of once or twice each week) was the North Western Hour, 
and appreciation is due to Colonel Norman Ross, the program's 

79 



master of ceremonies, the sponsoring North Western Railway, radio 
station WMAQ, and the Caples Company, which prepares the 
programs. 

The Bulletin of the Museum, editorial production of which is a 
duty of the Public Relations Counsel, Mr. H. B. Harte, as Managing 
Editor, continued on its wartime basis of bi-monthly issues, but at 
the end of the year it was possible to plan for a restoration of monthly 
issues in 1947. The Bulletin, with announcements, science stories, 
and pictures, kept the membership of the institution constantly 
informed of Museum activities and, in addition, was the source of 
outside publicity through republication of many of its articles in 
newspapers and magazines. 

The usual advertising was carried forward diligently. Posters 
announcing the Museum's various lecture courses and Raymond 
Foundation programs for children, and thousands of folders describ- 
ing the Museum's activities, were distributed. In addition, thousands 
of folders were published and distributed jointly with the other seven 
principal museums of the city. Co-operating, as usual, in distri- 
bution of this advertising were the Chicago Rapid Transit Lines, the 
Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad, the Illinois Central System, 
Chicago and North Western Railway, public service bureaus of 
newspapers, hotels, and department stores, and other agencies. 

Maintenance and Construction 

Major repairs were made during the year on the exterior of the 
Museum building. Tuck pointing was completed on the center 
sections of the north and south fagades, walls were repaired, and a 
complete new four-ply roof was installed. The wooden flag poles 
flanking the main (north) entrance were replaced in late fall by new 
copper bearing steel poles. A considerable amount of plaster patch- 
ing and painting was done within the building, and all fire extin- 
guishers were checked (Fig. 22). 

The office and two large workrooms of the Harris Extension, on 
the third floor, were moved to new quarters across the aisle from its 
former location. Counters and cases were built and remodeled to 
suit the new rooms. Offices and composing room were provided on 
the ground floor for the Division of Printing, and all printing equip- 
ment was moved from the third floor and reset. A large type case 
was built in the corridor adjoining the new composing room. The 
paint and glass shop was moved into an area near the south steps. 

A former exhibition room on the second floor was converted into 
a meeting hall. A recess was constructed for a motion-picture 

80 



screen and blackboard, new lighting fixtures were installed, and 
fifty chairs were purchased. Seats in the James Simpson Theatre 
were repaired and the wooden floor of the stage was replaced with 
one of cement. 

The Book Shop was enlarged, with three built-in cases included 
in the new portion, and a center book counter was constructed. 
The children's lunchroom was remodeled and enlarged, so that two 
new tables and four benches could be added to the equipment. 
Office space and a linen case were provided for the cafeteria manage- 
ment. Forty cafeteria tables were repaired and refinished. 

For the Departments of Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and 
Zoology, exhibition cases were built or moved and case screens 

Fig. 22. Cleaning the African elephants in Stanley Field Hall is one of the many 
routine tasks performed by the maintenance personnel of the Museum. 




81 



painted, installations made, doors and partitions of workrooms 
changed, shelves constructed, and miscellaneous repairs taken care 
of, as needed. A new office on the ground floor for the Public 
Relations Counsel was made by dividing the art students' room, and 
an adjoining space was partitioned off to house mimeograph equip- 
ment. The Recorder's office was redecorated and rearranged. 

All necessary repairs and adjustments were made during the 
year on the heating plant, fixtures, and equipment. A new compres- 
sor for the pump room and a portable sump pump for seepage in 
the boiler room were purchased. A drill press, bench grinder, and 
lathe were installed for use in the Division of Engineering. Addi- 
tional electric outlets, fixtures for fluorescent lights, and heavier 
power circuits were installed in various locations throughout the 
building. Remote control switches were placed in the chandelier 
circuits in Stanley Field Hall to effect a saving in consumption of 
electric current. 

Under contracts in force, a total of 13,662,748 pounds of steam 
was sold to Shedd Aquarium and 9,401,098 pounds to the Chicago 
Park District, a total of 23,063,846 pounds sold during the year. 

The Book Shop 

For the third successive year, sales in the Book Shop exceeded 
sales in all previous years. The gain in 1946 was 26.8 per cent over 
sales in 1945. The ever-increasing volume of sales made necessary 
an increase in space and furnishings, so that the Book Shop now 
occupies almost double its former space and is enabled to present 
more attractive displays of its wares. The Book Shop personnel 
is constantly alert to secure for the Museum's friends the newest and 
most authoritative publications on the subjects within the scope of 
the Museum. Although the success of the Book Shop is gratifying 
from the standpoint of net income available for Museum purposes, 
the principal satisfaction lies in this additional means of dissemina- 
tion of accurate knowledge on natural-history subjects (Fig. 21), 

Cafeteria 

The Museum cafeteria during the year served 106,104 people, 
417 fewer customers than were served during the previous year. 
The lunchroom, however, served 107,432 people as compared with 
80,040 in 1945, an increase of 27,392 and a total increase for both 
cafeteria and lunchroom of 26,975. Higher costs of supplies and 
higher costs of operation necessitated slightly increased prices 

82 



throughout, so that the gross income from operation exceeded not 
only that of 1945 but also that of any other year excepting the 
World's Fair years of 1933 and 1934. The food services are not 
looked upon by the Museum as revenue-producing agencies; they 
are established in the Museum as an accommodation to its visitors 
because the Museum building is located at a considerable distance 
from any commercial restaurants (Fig. 20). 



In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements (1945, 1946), attendance statistics and door receipts 
(1945, 1946), List of Accessions, List of Members, Articles of Incor- 
poration, and Amended By-Laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 



83 



Comparative Financial Statements 

FOR YEARS 1945 AND 1946 

Income i946 1945 

Endowment funds $558,331.93 $348,336.53 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ment 18,242.30 18,775.99 

Life Membership fund 9,246.57 9,487.74 

Associate Membership fund. . . . 11,811.06 11,956.61 

Chicago Park District 136,242.43 125,879.65 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 16,775.00 15,315.00 

Admissions 31,826.25 26,239.75 

Sundry receipts 27,978.95 22,268.73 

Contributions, general purposes 373.99 127.21 

Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 7,560.18 1,148.52 

Special funds — part expended 
for purposes designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 32,752.37 22,261.12 

$851,141.03 $601,796.85 

Expenditures 

Collections $ 11,633.88 $ 11,177.43 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections. . . 44,544.14 42,570.32 

Expeditions 32,588.07 3,550.00 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 19,017.60 3,334.78 1 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 945.65 452.78 ; 

Pensions and group insurance . . 64,286.42 54,963.72 \ 

Departmental expenses 72,346.32 36,633.60 \ 

General operating expenses .... 395,527.27 303,220.37 t 

Building repairs and alterations . 126,958.62 38,568.89 j; 

Annuity on contingent gift 25,000.00 25,000.00 I 

Reserve for building repairs and * 
mechanical plant deprecia- 
tion 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies aris- 
ing from the War 40,000.00 67,000.00 

$842,847.97 $596,471.89 , 

Balance... $ 8,293.06 $ 5,324.96 



The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1946 1945 

Income from endowment $ 17,032.18 $ 16,609.88 

Expenditures 18,529.31 16,727.49 

Deficit $ 1,497.13 $ 117.61 

84 



HHStMftJS 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE STATISTICS 
AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1945 AND 1946 



1946 

Total attendance 1,287,436 

Paid attendance 127,305 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 20,730 

School children 61,699 

Teachers 2,244 

Members 540 

Service men and women 9,757 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 154,965 

Saturdays (52) 328,512 

Sundays (51) 581,684 

Highest attendance on any day 

(April 6) 35,769 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 18) 148 

Highest paid attendance (September 2) . . 4,399 

Average daily admissions (362 days) .... 3,556 

Average paid admissions (207 days) 615 

Number of guides sold 18,152 

Number of articles checked 41,334 

Number of picture post cards sold 170,656 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, 

and photographs $ 9,058.96 





1945 




1,070,678 




104,959 




17,601 

51,125 

1,751 

996 

19,779 


(51) 

(52) 
(52) 


115,318 
216,827 
542,322 


(July 15) 


16,749 


(January 8) 


99 


(September 3) 
(360 days) 
(205 days) 


5,410 

2,974 

512 




20,955 

39,507 

174,152 


$ 9,244.46 




85 



List of Accessions 



Department of Anthropology — Accessions 



Broad, Jennie, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: Prehistoric pottery ocarina 
— Guapiles, Costa Rica (gift). 

Carney, Major Herschel W., 
Kalamazoo, Michigan: 41 ethnological 
specimens — New Guinea (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Museum Expedition to the South- 
west): 10,710 archaeological specimens 
from the SU Site — near Reserve, New 
Mexico. 

Purchases: 37 specimens dating from 
Shang to T'ang dynasties — China; 
1 skull of newly born infant — Calcutta, 
India; 100 archaeological specimens — 
Aleutian Islands, Alaska. 

GiLLETT, W. N., Chicago: Egyptian 
juglet— Egypt (gift). 

Gorrell, Warren, Hinsdale, Illi- 
nois: 2 Hopi pottery vessels — Arizona 
(gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: Stringed 
musical instrument — central Angola 
(gift). 



Howe, Charles Albee, Homewood, 
Illinois: 13 color prints — Mexico (gift). 

Love, Frank A., Chicago: Ear-plug 
of fired clay — Louisiana (gift). 

Mason, Grace S., Chicago: Mano 
and tripod metate of stone — Mexico 
(gift). 

Oriental Institute, University of 
Chicago: 6 fragmentary pottery ves- 
sels — Tall-i-Bakun A, Iran (exchange). 

Teller, Sidney A., Chicago: Medi- 
cine man's badge of office — Panama 
(gift). 

Thomson, Carman, Chicago: Object 
of carved bone — Wisconsin (gift). 

Tuller, Morton K., Chicago: Ar- 
chaeological specimen of pottery — 
Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands (gift). 

Wilbur, Dr. C. Martin, Alexandria, 
Virginia: 5 carved pottery heads — 
China (gift). 

Wolfe, Eugene, Mexico City: 8 
ethnological specimens — Mexico (gift). 



Department of Botany— Accessions 



Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia: 17 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

AcuNA, Sr. Ing. Julian, Santiago de 
Las Vegas, Cuba: 23 specimens of 
Cuban plants (gift). 

Apolinar-Maria, Rev. Brother, 
Bogota, Colombia: 13 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 58 plant specimens 
(gift); 14,733 photographic prints of 
Linnaean type specimens (exchange). 

Babel, William K., Madison, Wis- 
consin: 57 specimens of grasses (gift). 

Ball, Dr. Carleton R., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: Specimen of Salix (gift). 

Barbour, William R., Atlanta, 
Georgia: 32 specimens of Central 
American plants (gift). 



Barkley, Fred A., Austin, Texas: 
310 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Bartlett, Dr. Harley H., Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: Specimen of Nostoc 
commune (gift). 

Bauer, Bill, Webster Groves, Mis- 
souri: 77 specimens of Missouri plants 
(gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 62 
specimens of New Zealand plants (gift). 

Beetle, Dr. Alan A., Davis, Cali- 
fornia: 49 plant specimens (exchange). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 212 
specimens of United States plants, 35 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Blomquist, Dr. H. L., Durharn, 
North Carolina: 2 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 



86 



BoNDAR, Dr. Gregorio, Bahia, 
Brazil: 386 specimens of Brazilian 
plants, 1 economic specimen (gift). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 74 specimens of algae (gift). 

Brinkley, Elizabeth, Arkadelphia, 
Arkansas: Specimen of loquat (gift). 

Britton, Dr. Max E., Evanston, 
Illinois: 113 specimens of algae (gift). 

BucHHOLZ, Dr. John T., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Carlson, Dr. Margery C., Evans- 
ton, Illinois: 2 specimens of orchids 
(gift). 

Central Experimental Farm, De- 
partment OF Agriculture, Ottawa, 
Canada: 204 specimens of Canadian 
plants (exchange). 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 19 specimens of algae (gift). 

Chenery, E. M., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad, British West Indies: 6 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Dr. Margery C. Carl- 
son: 2,000 specimens of Salvador plants. 

Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren 
(Museum Expedition to Cuba) : 2 plant 
specimens, 2 economic specimens. 

Collected by Dr. Francis W. Pennell 
(Museum Expedition to Peru, 1925): 
16 plant specimens. 

Made by J. Francis Macbride: 1,641 
photographic negatives of type speci- 
mens of plants in European herbaria. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 160 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 27 plant specimens — 
Alaska; 300 plant specimens — British 
West Indies; 75 plant specimens — 
Mexico; 730 cryptogamic specimens — 
New Zealand; 475 miscellaneous speci- 
mens of algae; 10,000 miscellaneous 
specimens of lichens; 3,094 miscellane- 
ous specimens of mosses and hepatics. 

Clute, Willard N., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Consolidated Book Publishers, 
Chicago: Collection of European plants 

(gift). 

Cory, V. L., College Station, Brazos 
County, Texas: 33 specimens of Texas 
plants (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 2 

cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 184 specimens of algae (gift). 



Daniel, Rev. Brother, Medellln, 
Colombia: 10 plant specimens (gift). 

Davis, E. A., New Haven, Connecti- 
cut: 5 specimens of algae (gift). 

Dawson, Dr. E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Degener, Otto, New York: 14 
specimens of Hawaiian plants (gift). 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Montebello, 
Arkansas: 19 specimens of algae (gift). 

DeToni, Dr. Giuseppe, Brescia, 
Italy: Specimen of Stigeoclonium (gift). 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Evanston, 
Illinois: 4 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Drew, Dr. William B., Lansing, 
Michigan: 72 specimens of Ecuadorean 
plants (gift). 

Dreyfus Company, L. A., Staten 
Island, New York: 76 plant specimens, 
13 wood specimens, 1 economic speci- 
men (gift). 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 31 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Dudley Herbarium, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 70 specimens of 
Ecuadorean plants (exchange). 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 26 
specimens of fungi (gift). 

Ehrhart, Robert P., Redmond, 
Washington: 6 specimens of algae 

(gift). 

EscuELA Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 200 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coco- 
nut Grove, Florida: 6 specimens of 
palm material (gift). 

Fell, George B., Rockford, Illinois: 
16 plant specimens (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Cuernavaca, 
Mexico: 8 plant specimens, 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen, 2 specimens of maguey 
fiber rope (gift). 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
76 specimens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Flint, Dr. Lewis H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 42 specimens of algae 
(exchange). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: Speci- 
men of Ricciocarpus natans (gift). 

Fulford, Dr. Margaret, Cincin- 
nati: Specimen of Chlorella vulgaris 
(gift). 

Fuller, Prof. George D., Chicago: 
54 plant specimens (gift). 



87 



Garfield Park Conservatory, 
Chicago: 40 specimens of cultivated 
plants (gift). 

Gelladon, Quintin, Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands: 20 wood specimens (gift). 

Gentry, Howard Scott, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 38 plant specimens (gift). 

GiLKEY, Prof. Helen M., Corvallis, 
Oregon: Specimen of noble fir (gift). 

Goodman, Dr. George J., Norman, 
Oklahoma: 148 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Gordon, Dr. Robert B., West 
Chester, Pennsylvania: Specimen of 
Lemanea grandis (gift). 

Graham, Dr. Verne O., Chicago: 27 
specimens of fungi (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 219 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: Specimen of fungus 
(gift). 

Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago: 
2 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Haring, Mrs. Inez M., Poughkeep- 
sie, New York: 27 specimens of mosses 
(gift). 

Harvey, Mrs. Dorothy R., San 
Diego, California: 228 specimens of 
Panama plants (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: Oil 
painting (gift). 

Hermann, Dr. Frederick J., Green- 
belt, Maryland: 62 plant specimens 
(exchange). 

Hewetson, W. T., Freeport, Illinois: 
14 specimens of Illinois plants (gift). 

HuMM, Dr. Harold J., Beaufort, 
North Carolina: 31 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

HuNziKER, Juan H., Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 19 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: 7 plant specimens (gift); 49 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Instituto del Museo, Universidad 
Nacional de LaPlata, LaPlata, Ar- 
gentina: 499 specimens of Argentine 
plants (exchange). 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Univer- 
sidad DE TUCUMAN, Tucuman, Argen- 
tina: 1,000 specimens of Argentine 
plants (exchange). 

ISELY, Prof. Duane, Ames, Iowa: 
10 plant specimens (gift). 



Jardim Botanico do Rio de 
Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 174 
specimens of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Johnson, Lorraine, Chicago: Plant 
specimen (gift). 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, 

Nebraska: 182 specimens of algae 

(gift); 120 specimens of algae (ex- 
change). 

King, Lawrence J., Yonkers, New 
York: Specimen of Trentepohha aurea 
(gift). 

Kirchner, Charles L., Ancon, 
Canal Zone: 2 plant specimens, 2 wood 
specimens (gift). 

Konsberg, a. v., Evanston, Illinois: 
Rush hat (gift). 

Krapovickas, Antonio, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina: 338 specimens of 
Argentine plants (exchange). 

Lambert, Ronald J., Chicago: 70 
specimens of English plants (gift). 

Lanouette, Cecile, Faustin Station, 
Quebec, Canada: 2 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Leite, Rev. Brother Jose Eugenio, 
Nova-Friburgo, Brazil: 29 specimens 
of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Little, Dr. Elbert L., Arlington, 
Virginia: 57 specimens of Colombian 
plants (gift). 

Louderback, Harold B., Argo, 
Illinois: 291 specimens of cryptogams 
(gift). 

Lund, Dr. J. W. G., Ambleside, 
Westmoreland, England: Specimen of 
Coelosphaerium limnicola (gift). 

Macbride, J. Francis, San Jose, 
California: 49 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift). 

MacDougall, T., New York: Photo- 
graphic print, 2 plant specimens (gift). 

McEowN, Jean, Saskatoon, Sas- 
katchewan, Canada: 33 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

McVaugh, Dr. Rogers, College 
Park, Maryland: 307 plant specimens 
(exchange). 

Martinez, Prof. Maximino, Mexico 
City: 73 plant specimens, 5 wood 
specimens, 4 photographic prints (gift). 

Matuda, Prof. Eizi, Escuintla, 
Mexico: 130 specimens of Mexican 
plants (exchange). 

Milwaukee Public Museum, De- 
partment OF Botany, Milwaukee, 



88 



Wisconsin: 8 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 121 plant specimens, 9 photo- 
graphic prints (exchange). 

Mitchell, Rodger D., Wheaton, 
Ilhnois: 55 plant specimens (gift). 

MoLDENKE, Dr. Harold N., New 
York: 61 photographic prints of type 
specimens of plants (exchange). 

MusEO Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 984 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 99 specimens of 
algae (exchange). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 29 plant specimens (gift); 
685 plant specimens, 51 cryptogamic 
specimens, 2 photographic prints (ex- 
change). 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 9 specimens of mosses 
(gift). 

NovaCkova, Vera, Treble, Morava, 
Czechoslovakia: 11 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Ousdal, Dr. a. P., Los Angeles: 
Specimen of Gloeocapsa violacea (gift). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia: 
2 specimens of Zygogonium ericetorum 
(gift). 

Pearson and Son Hardwood Com- 
pany, C. H., New York: 5 wood speci- 
mens (gift). 

Petersen, Dr. Johs. Boye, Copen- 
hagen, Denmark: 3 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Phinney, Dr. Harry K., Chicago: 

164 specimens of algae (gift). 

Pittier, Dr. Henri, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 205 specimens of Venezuelan 
plants (exchange). 

Pomona Products Company, Griffin, 
Georgia: Economic specimen (gift). 

Rapp, William F., Jr., Urbana, 
Illinois: 9 plant specimens (gift). 

Rayss, Dr. T., Jerusalem, Palestine: 
13 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Reimer, Dr. F. C, Medford, Oregon: 
Specimen of Nostoc amplissimum (gift). 

Richards, Donald, Chicago: 5,261 
specimens of mosses (gift). 

Roca-Garcia, Mrs. Helen Schie- 
FER, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 3 
plant specimens (gift). 

Rollins, Dr. Reed C, Stanford 
University, California: 5 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 



Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Canada: 10 specimens of algae (gift). 

Runyon, Robert, Brownsville, 
Texas: 52 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

SCHARF, Grace E., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 15 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Schubert, Dr. Bernice G., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: 2 illustrations 

(gift). 

Schugman, Mrs. Effie M., Chicago: 
3 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 119 
photographic negatives of plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Shimonek, Mrs. S., Northfield, 
Illinois: 6 specimens of fungi (gift). 

SouKUP, Prof. J., Lima, Peru: 394 
specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 439 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Stein, Charles, Chicago: 4 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 101 plant specimens 
(gift). 

Stifler, Mrs. Cloyd B., Bradenton, 
Florida: 20 specimens of algae (gift). 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 4 

specimens of mosses (gift). 

SwiNK, Floyd, Chicago: 7 plant 
specimens (gift). 

ToLSTEAD, Dr. W. L., Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 75 specimens of algae (gift). 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Forest Service, Wash- 
ington, D.C.: 24 plant specimens (gift); 
42 plant specimens (exchange). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 29 plant specimens, 
431 cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 
South Australia: 80 specimens of algae 
(exchange). 

University of Arizona, Tucson: 
143 specimens of Arizona plants (ex- 
change). 

University of California, Botan- 
ical Garden, Berkeley: 310 plant 
specimens (gift). 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Ann Arbor: 510 
plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Texas, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Austin: 958 plant 
specimens (gift); 567 plant specimens, 
159 cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 



89 



University of Toronto, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Toronto, Canada: 
276 specimens of mosses (exchange). 

University of Washington, De- 
partment OF Botany, Seattle: 287 
specimens of Montana plants (ex- 
change). 

University of Wisconsin, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Madison: 72 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

Uribe Uribe, Prof. Lorenzo, Bo- 
gota, Colombia: Plant specimen (gift). 

Van Overbeek, Dr. J., Mayagiiez, 
Puerto Rico: Plant specimen, photo- 
graphic print (gift). 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
24 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Vatter, Albert E., Jr., Glenview, 
Illinois: 6 plant specimens, 40 speci- 
mens of algae, a collection of cycads in 
liquid (gift). 



Warfel, Dr. H. E., New Haven, 
Connecticut: Specimen of Oscillatoria 
rubescens (gift). 

Weston, Dr. William H., Jr., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: Specimen of 
Hassallia byssoidea (gift). 

White, Dr. W. Lawrence, Phila- 
delphia: 12 specimens of algae (gift). 

Williams, Llewelyn, J. S. Daston, 
Chicago, AND Julian A. Steyermark, 
Barrington, Illinois: 10 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Wood, Richard D., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 78 plant specimens, 195 specimens 
of algae (gift). 

Woodstock School, Landour, Mus- 
soorie, U. P., India: 48 specimens of 
ferns (gift). 

Wynne, Dr. Frances E., Chicago: 
96 specimens of mosses (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 21 
plant specimens (gift). 



Department of Geology— Accessions 



Anderson, Billy J., China Spring, 
Texas: Claw of lobster (?) — near China 
Spring, Texas (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Flint, Michigan: 
Collection of fossil fish, fossil turtles, 
and fossil reptiles — near Arkadelphia, 
Arkansas (gift). 

Blackwelder, Prof. Eliot, Stan- 
ford University, California: Specimen 
of quartz flour — near Winslow, Arizona 
(gift). 

Bruce, Ralph, Chicago: Barite 
crystal group and chert nodule — Potosi, 
Missouri (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Harry E. Changnon: 
42 specimens of minerals and ores — 
Missouri and Arkansas. 

Collected by Dr. Paul O. McGrew 
(Museum Paleontological Expedition 
to Honduras, 1941-42): 7 geological 
specimens — Honduras and Guatemala. 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy 
(Museum Geological Expedition to 
New York, 1940): 82 specimens illus- 
trating features of physical geology 
— various localities. 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy 
(Museum Geological Expedition to 
Colorado, 1940): 105 specimens of 
minerals and physical geology speci- 
mens — various localities. 



Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
A. Zangerl, C. M. Barber, and W. D. 
Turnbull (Museum Paleontological Ex- 
pedition to Alabama, 1945-46): fossil 
fish, fossil turtles, and fossil reptiles- 
Dallas County, Alabama. 

Purchases: Collection of fossil blas- 
toids — various localities; specimen of 
adamite — Durango, Mexico. 

Daly, James F., III., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 17 specimens of minerals — Vene- 
zuela (gift). 

Deep Sea Dive, San Pedro, Cali- 
fornia: Specimen of bottom sand — 
Pacific Ocean; specimen of fine shell 
gravel — California (gift), 
f'" Derrick, Frank, Derrick Farm, 
Texas: Cast of maxillary of Caenopus 
(gift). 

DUNKEL, Dr. David, Washington, 
D.C.: 20 fragments of fossil fish — Cass- 
viile, Missouri (gift). 

Francis, Dr. Mark (tio address 
given) : 3 casts of vertebrate fossils (gift). 
GoODELL, C. A., Albuquerque, New 
Mexico: 6 official Army photographs of 
the explosion of the first atomic bomb 
(gift). 

Gunnell, E. Mitchell, Denver: 
Specimen of andalusite and specimen 
of calcite— Colorado and Mexico (gift); 



90 



specimen of manganosiderite — Colo- 
rado (exchange). 

Hartman, Arthur, Chicago: Fossil 
trilobite — Rock Creek State Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

Jennings, John W., Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas: Dolomite crystal and ruby 
sphalerite crystal— Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas (gift). 

Jones, Kent, Joplin, Missouri: 
Specimen of iridescent marcasite — 
Joplin, Missouri (gift). 

Kessen, Martin, Chicago: Speci- 
men of gold ore(?) — Idaho Springs, 
Colorado (gift). 

Lambert, T. R., Chicago: Upper and 
lower third molar of Mammuthus 
primi genius Blum — Fairbanks, Alaska 
(gift). 

Markham, Frank L., Los Angeles: 
Fossil pelecypod — Carissa Plains, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

Quinn, James H., Harvey, Illinois: 
Marcasite concretion — Sag Canal, Chi- 
cago; Proboscidean femur —Quinn Can- 
yon, Nebraska (gift). 

Reilly, Alfred, Chicago: Specimen 
of gypsum sand — New Mexico (gift). 

RowE, Captain James L., Albu- 
querque, New Mexico: 6 specimens of 



sand fused by atomic bomb — New 
Mexico (gift). 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, High- 
land Park, Illinois: Specimen of fora- 
miniferous sand — Oahu, Hawaii (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Robert G., 
Homewood, Illinois: Echinoid — near 
China Spring, Texas; 5 specimens of 
fossil turtles — Church Buttes, Bridger 
Basin, Wyoming; jaws with dentition 
of 2 fossil mammals (gift). 

Sheek, J. A., Silver City, New 
Mexico: Specimen of quartz and 
feldspar — New Mexico (gift). 

Turner, Filmore, Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 6 minerals — New Mexico (gift). 

Whitfield, Dr. R. H., Evanston, 
Illinois: Specimen of Palaeoxyn's and 
fossil insect — coal strippings near Wil- 
mington, Illinois (gift). 

Wulfman, Carl, Detroit: Specimen 
of anthraconite — near Norwood, Michi- 
gan (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, 
Illinois: Collection of fossil fish and 
fossil reptiles — Washakie Basin, Wyo- 
ming; specimen of Palaeoxyris — coal 
strippings near Wilmington, Illinois 
(gift). 



Department of Zoology — Accessions 



Abbey, E. S., Chicago: A mammal — 
Chicago (gift). 

Allen, Ross, Silver Springs, Florida: 
39 reptiles and amphibians — Florida 
(gift). 

Anderson, Major A. B., Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan: 9 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (gift). 

Atz, J. W., Orange, New Jersey: 5 
reptiles and amphibians — Philippine 
Islands (gift). 

Baker, John W., Chicago: An insect 
— Chicago (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Flint, Michigan: A 
mammal — Flint, Michigan (gift). 

Bauer, Margaret J., Chicago: A 
reptile, 40 shells — Florida (gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 174 
reptiles and amphibians, 26 insects and 
their allies — South Pacific (gift). 

Bennett, Major Harry J., Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana: 271 reptiles and 
amphibians — Solomon Islands (gift). 



Bevans, Michael, Tenafly, New 
Jersey: 14 reptiles and amphibians — 
Okinawa and Korea (gift). 

Bois, John Jay du, Turlock Cali- 
fornia: An insect — Napa, California 
(gift). 

BouLTON, Rudyerd, Washington, 
D.C.: Expedition equipment (gift). 

BouLTON, Rudyerd, and John W. 
MOYER, Washington, D.C., and Chi- 
cago: Reference photographic file (gift). 

Bray, Corporal Robert, Japan: 
92 shells — Japan (gift). 

BuRCH, John Q., Los Angeles: 51 
shells — Brazil (exchange). 

Burt, Dr. Charles E., Topeka, 
Kansas: 3 reptiles and amphibians — 
various localities (gift). 

Burton, Robert A., Evanston, 
Illinois: 56 reptiles and amphibians, 3 
crustaceans, an insect — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Camras, Sidney, Chicago: 5 birds — 
Wyoming and Utah (gift). 



91 



Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: A 
reptile — Bolivia (exchange). 

Chenery, E. M., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad, British West Indies: 5 birds 
— Trinidad, British West Indies (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas and 
Rupert L. Wenzel: 186 insects and 
allies, 18 shells— Volo, Illinois. 

Collected by W. E. Eigsti, Emmet 
R. Blake, and Melvin A. Traylor, 
Jr.: 67 birds—Chicago region, Illinois. 

Collected by Robert F. Inger and 
Earl G. Wright: 20 reptiles and 
amphibians— Door County, Wisconsin. 

Collected by S. E. Meek, S. F. Hilde- 
brand, and E. A. Goldman (Smithsonian 
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal 
Zone) : 5 reptiles — Panama Canal Zone. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn (Museum Paleonto- 
logical Expedition to Texas): A mam- 
mal — Texas. 

Collected by Colin Campbell Sanborn 
(Museum Peruvian Expedition — 1946): 
66 mammals, 50 birds, 225 reptiles 
and amphibians, 52 insects, 107 shells — 
Peru. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt, John 
M. Schmidt, and Robert G. Schmidt: 
95 mammals, 166 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — southwestern United States and 
Mexico. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel: 10 
insects — Highland Park, Illinois. 

Collected by Loren P. Woods: 1,438 
fishes — Great Lakes region. 

Purchases: 730 mammals, 11,459 
birds, 1,036 reptiles and amphibians, 
323 fishes, 1,827 insects and their allies, 
1,429 lower invertebrates, 230 lots of 
sea shells — various localities. 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 11 mammals, 54 
birds, 3 reptiles, 3 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Cocks, Dr. John Hugh, Farmville, 
Virginia: A jellyfish — Farmville, Vir- 
ginia (gift). 

CoNANT, Roger, Philadelphia: 51 
reptiles, an insect — various localities 
(gift). 

CoNOVER, BoARDMAN, Chicago: 74 
mammals, 403 birds, 54 reptiles and 
amphibians — various localities (gift). 

Crea, John H., Lake Park, Minne- 
sota: A turtle shell — Lake Cormorant, 
Minnesota (gift). 



Cross, H. W., Chicago: 2 mammals, 
6 birds — various localities (gift). 

Davis, Beth, Homewood, Illinois: 
A mammal — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Derry, J. J., Barrington, Illinois: A 
reptile — Lake County, IlUnois (gift). 

Drake, Robert J., Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 109 shells — Colorado 
(gift). 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 16 
reptiles, 5,381 insects and their allies, 
176 microscope slides of mosquito 
larvae, 33 shells — various localities 
(gift). 

Ehrhardt, R. p., Gambler, Ohio: A 
tadpole — Emida, Idaho (gift). 

Eighth Service Command Medical 
Laboratory, Fort Sam Houston, 
Texas: 72 mosquitoes — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Eigsti, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
A mammal, a bird— Chicago Heights, 
Illinois (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Cuernavaca, 
Mexico: 16 reptiles and amphibians, 
123 fishes, 75 insects and their allies, 
35 shells— Florida and Mexico (gift). 

Field, Mariana, Thomasville, 
Georgia: 25 insects and their aUies — 
Thomasville, Georgia (gift). 

Fisher, Francis D., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: A mammal — Winnetka, Illinois 
(gift). 

Fleming, Robert L., India: A 
reptile — India (gift). 

Foss, Mrs. Dorothy B., Chicago: 
An insect— Glen view, Illinois (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 12 
shells — Chicago area (gift). 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 125 
insects — Colorado (gift). 

GoiN, Coleman J., Gainesville, 
Florida: 4 fishes— Florida (gift). 

Graham, Lloyd D., Chicago: 4 
worms — Chicago (gift). 

Green, Lonsdale, Chicago: 57 
shells— Sanibel Island, Florida (gift). 
Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 4 amphibians, 74 
insects and their allies, 5 shells — 
Porter County, Indiana (gift). 

Grey, Mrs. Marion, Highland Park, 
Illinois: A fish— Oxford, Maryland 

(gift). 

Grosjean, Mrs. Ray O., Angola, 
Indiana: A mammal— Indiana (gift). 

GuNTER, Dr. Gordon, Rockport, 
Texas: A reptile — Refugio County, 
Texas (gift). 



92 



Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 3 reptiles 
and amphibians, 5 insects, 138 shells — 

Wisconsin (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem, Pales- 
tine: 6 chameleons — Jerusalem, Pales- 
tine (gift). 

Hall, Ruth, Homewood, Illinois: A 
bird — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Hansen, S. G., New York: 11 lizards, 
8 insects and their allies — South Pacific 
(gift). 

Hilton, Dr. William A., Clare- 
mont, California: 17 salamanders — 
Los Angeles County, California (ex- 
change). 

HoFF, C. C, Quincy, Illinois: A 
reptile — Appledore Island, New Hamp- 
shire (gift). 

HooGSTRAAL, Captain Harry, Chi- 
cago: 992 amphibians and reptiles, 
1,329 insects and their allies, 23 micro- 
scope slides of mosquito larvae, 9 shells 
— various localities (gift). 

HuBBs, Dr. Carl L., La Jolla, 
California: 599 fishes — Monterey Bay, 
California (gift). 

Huisman, Donald, Oconto, Wis- 
consin: 3 reptiles — Oconto County, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Illinois State Natural History 
Survey, Urbana, Illinois: 7,522 insects 
and their allies — various localities (gift). 

Inger, Robert F., Chicago: 32 
insects and their allies — La Porte 
County, Indiana (gift). 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 
40 reptiles — Texas (gift). 

Kohn, S 1/c Robert R., South 
Pacific: 6 reptiles — South Pacific (gift). 

Krauss, N. L. H., Canal Zone, 
Panama: 6 reptiles and amphibians — 
Guam and Canal Zone, Panama (gift). 

KuRFESs, Lieutenant (j.g.) J. S., 
Corpus Christi, Texas: 56 reptiles and 
amphibians — Texas (gift). 

Lazar, Joseph, Tawas, Michigan: 
An insect — Au Sable River, Michigan 
(gift). 

Lefond, Stanley, Fairbanks, Alas- 
ka: An isopod — near Cape Simpson, 
Alaska (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana: 42 insects — various localities (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 10 
mammals, 10 birds, 93 reptiles and 
amphibians, an insect — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

LowRiE, Donald C, Las Vegas, 
New Mexico: 1,000 vials containing 



approximately 1,500 determined spi- 
ders — midwestern United States (gift). 

Lyman, Frank, Lantana, Florida: 
A shell— Florida (gift). 

Malkin, Borys, Eugene, Oregon: 2 
harvestmen — Townsville, Queensland, 
Australia (gift). 

Marchand, L. J., Dunnellen, Flor- 
ida: 5 frogs — Tampa, Florida (gift). 

Marshall, Dr. Ruth, Wisconsin 
Dells, Wisconsin: Bibliographic mate- 
rial on water mites (gift). 

Martin, Richard A., Chicago: 6 
insects — Wheatfield, Indiana (gift). 

Marx, Kevin W., St. Paul: 83 
reptiles and amphibians, 5 series of 
tadpoles, 7 fishes — Philippine Islands 
(gift). 

McCallan, Dr. E., Trinidad, British 
West Indies: 9 frogs — Venezuela and 
Trinidad, British West Indies (gift). 

McCutcheon, John T., Chicago: A 
duck-billed platypus — Australia (gift). 

McGrew, Dr. Paul O., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 75 insects and their allies 
— Nebraska (gift). 

Mitchell, Rodger D., Wheaton, 
Illinois: 305 insects and their allies, 85 
shells — various localities (gift). 

Mooney, James J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 4 mammals — Wheeling, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Museo Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
4 mammals — Brazil (exchange). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: A reptile, 
9 shells — various localities (exchange); 
3,957 shells — various localities (gift). 

Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: A reptile — Flagstaff, Arizona 
(exchange). 

National Institute of Health, 
Hamilton, Montana: 64 microscope 
slides of insects — North America (ex- 
change). 

Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 5 
mammals — Pine Mountain, Kentucky 
(exchange); 63 shells — Harlan County, 
Kentucky (gift). 

Nelson, Charles D., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 81 shells — various localities 
(gift). 

Nicholson, Dr. Arnold J., Billings, 
Montana: 424 mammals — various local- 
ities (gift). 

Orchard, C. D., San Antonio, Texas: 
4 insects and their allies, 22 shells — San 
Antonio, Texas (gift). 



93 



Oregon Biological Supply Com- 
pany, Portland, Oregon: 30 reptiles — 
Washington and Oregon (exchange). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
105 mammals, 2 birds — Arizona and 
California (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago: 253 
insects and their allies, 37 lower 
invertebrates — Illinois and Wisconsin 
(gift). 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 9 birds— Venezuela (exchange). 

Plath, Karl, Chicago: A bird — 
Borneo (gift). 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 31 salamanders — various locaHties 
(gift). 

Price, G. R., Chicago: A mammal — 
Banner, Illinois (gift). 

Quinn, James H., Harvey, Illinois: 
50 shells — various localities (gift). 

Quinn, James H., Harvey, Illinois, 
AND Bryan Patterson, Chicago: 48 
shells— Little Calumet River, Illinois 
(gift). 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 12 reptiles 
and amphibians, 3,583 insects and their 
allies, 77 shells— various localities (gift). 

Reesman, H. R., and G. L. Beck, 
Furnessville, Indiana: 1 mammal — 
Furnessville, Indiana (gift). 

Remington, Charles L., St. Louis: 
11 insects and their allies — United 
States and Pacific Islands (gift). 

Ricketts, Edward F., Pacific Grove, 
California: 329 fishes, 989 shells- 
various localities (gift). 

Rivera, Juan A., Mayagiiez, Puerto 
Rico: 10 frogs— Puerto Rico (gift). 

Ross, Dr. Edward S., San Francisco: 
6 insects— Florida and Texas (gift). 

Rueckert, Mrs. Arthur G., Chi- 
cago: 5 amphibians, 140 insects and 
their allies — Hardee County, Florida 
(gift). 

RuHE, Louis, Inc., New York: A 
mammal — India (gift). 

Rysgaard, G. N., Minneapolis: 19 
reptiles and amphibians — Philippine 
Islands (gift). 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, High- 
land Park, Illinois: 2 reptiles, 119 
insects and their allies — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Schmidt, John M., Plainfield, Illi- 
nois: 40 mammals, a bird — Texas 
(gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: A mammal, 134 reptiles and 



amphibians, a book (for exhibition) — 
various localities (gift). 

Schmidt, Robert G., Homewood, 
Illinois: 340 insects and their allies — 
western United States and Mexico 
(gift). 

Schmidt, W. F., Tipton, Missouri: 
3 mammals — Tipton, Missouri (gift). 

Schubart, Dr. Otto, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 32 shells— Brazil (gift). 

Schwengel, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale, New York: 241 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Chicago: 
660 insects — various localities (gift). 

Shockly, Clarence H., Bicknell, 
Indiana: A skink — Baluchistan, India 
(gift). 

Simmons, Dr. G. F., Chicago: 8 
mammals — Illinois (gift). 

Slater, J. A., Chicago: 86 reptiles 
and amphibians — various localities 
(gift). 

Smith, Clarence R., Aurora, Illi- 
nois: A mammal, 6 reptiles and 
amphibians — Illinois (gift). 

SoLEM, Allen, Oak Park, Illinois: 5 
insects — Illinois and South Dakota 
(gift). 

SouKUP, J., Lima, Peru: 142 insects 
and their allies — Peru (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 8 mammals, 41 insects 
and their allies, 4 lower invertebrates — 
various localities (gift). 

Stixrud, T. W., St. Charles, Mis- 
souri: 29 reptiles and amphibians — 
Solomon Islands (gift). 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: A 
reptile, 3 insects — Ohio and Wisconsin 
(gift). 

Tanner, Dr. Vasco M., Provo, 
Utah: 21 insects — Philippine Islands 
(gift). 

Taylor, Mrs. Lewis A., Glenview, 
Illinois: A bird— Glenview, IlHnois 
(gift). 

Thompson, Ray, Zion, Illinois: A 
turtle — Illinois (gift). 

ToRO, Miguel Alvarez del, Tuxtla 
Gutierrez, Mexico: 61 birds — Chiapas, 
Mexico (exchange). 

Torre, Alfredo de la, Matanzas, 
Cuba: 2 reptiles— Havana, Cuba (gift). 

Torre, Luis de la, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 11 mammals — various locali- 
ties (exchange); 16 insects — various 
localities (gift). 



94 



Trapido, Harold, Panama City, 
Panama: A frog, 408 fishes — Panama 
(exchange). 

Traub, Robert, Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia: 38 insects — various localities 
(gift). 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr., Winnetka, 
Illinois: 77 birds — South Pacific (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: A reptile, 52 fishes — 
various localities (exchange). 

University of Chicago: 4 mammals, 
55 microscope slides of mammalian 
tissues — various localities (gift). 

University of Cincinnati: 2 birds 
— Indiana (exchange). 

Van der Schalie, Henry, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 319 shells — United 
States (gift). 

VisocKis, J., Chicago: 10 fishes — 
Chicago (gift). 

VoORHlES, C. T., Tucson, Arizona: 
A reptile — Santa Rita Mountains, 
Arizona (gift). 

Wang, Dr. Yuhsi Moltze, Chung- 
king, China: 2 snakes — Kweichow, 
China (gift). 

Watkins, a. R., Chicago: 261 fishes, 
20 lower invertebrates — Guaymas, 
Mexico (gift). 

Weber, Robert, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 11 mammals — Highland Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, DeLand, Florida: 
Jaws and skin sample of sandbar 
shark, 4 shells — Florida and North 
Carolina (gift). 



Weld, Dr. Lewis H., East Falls 
Church, Virginia: 1,125 gall wasps — 
various localities (gift). 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 2 reptiles, 927 insects and their 
allies, 203 microscope slides of mosquito 
larvae — various localities (gift). 

Weyrauch, Wolfgang, Lima, Peru: 
8 mammals — Peru (gift). 

Wise, Clifford, Chicago: A mud 
puppy — Illinois (gift). 

Wolcott, Albert Burke, Downers 
Grove, Illinois: 4,740 insects — various 
localities (gift). 

Woods, Mrs. Adele, Washington, 
D.C.: 7 shells — Niagara Falls, New 
York (gift). 

Woods, Loren P., Washington, 
D.C.: 3 tadpoles, 27 insects and their 
allies, 371 lower invertebrates — United 
States (gift). 

Wright, Earl G., Green Bay, Wis- 
consin: A reptile — Wisconsin (gift). 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 99 insects 
^United States (gift). 

Zaid, Davis, Philadelphia: 1 crab — 
Ryukyu Islands (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, 
Illinois: 8 reptiles, an insect, 1,413 
microscope slides of animal tissue^ 
various localities (gift). 

ZiMMERMANN, MrS. ArNOLD A., 

Winnetka, Illinois: A snake — Lake 
County, Illinois (gift). 

Zimring, Daniel J., Chicago: 29 
spiders, 3 shells — Indiana and Illinois 
(gift). 



Raymond Foundation — Accessions 

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe 
Railway, Chicago: Cabinet of standard 
slides (gift). 

Blake, Emmet R., Chicago: 42 
slides, 192 feet of 16 mm. color film 
(purchase). 

Broman, Louise K., Chicago: 17 
slides (gift). 
Chicago Color Camera Club: 52 

slides (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
40 slides (Museum Expedition to El 
Paricutin); 314 slides (Museum Expedi- 
tion to Guatemala); 95 slides made by 
Division of Photography. 

Gray, R. E., Mexico City: 458 feet 
of 16 mm. color film (purchase). 



Howe, C. A., Homewood, Illinois: 
349 slides (gift). 

Johnson, Herbert J., Chicago: 
21 slides (gift). 

KoLARiK, Blanche, Chicago: 9 
slides (gift). 

MoYER, John W., Chicago: 21 slides 
(gift); 100 feet of 16 mm. color film 
(purchase). 

National Audubon Society, New 
York: 20 slides (purchase). 

National Geographic Society, 
Washington, D.C.: 13 slides (purchase). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago: 253 
standard slides (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, DeLand, Florida: 
586 standard slides (gift). 



95 



Division of Photography— Accessions 



Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Made by Division of Photography: 

20,690 prints, 1,018 negatives, 248 

enlargements, 153 lantern slides, 5 

transparencies, and 55 kodachromes. 

Made by Colin Campbell Sanborn: 99 
negatives of general views in Peru. 



Made by Mr. and Mrs. James B. 
Watson: 527 negatives of physical 
types in Brazil. 

Howe, Mrs. Warren D., Dorset, 
Vermont: 218 negatives and 3 prints of 
African pygmies and general views 

(gift). 



Library Accessions— List of Donors: Institutions 



Academia de Ciencias Fisicas, Mate- 
maticas y Naturales, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela. 

Africa, Madrid, Spain. 

Agricultural and Mechanical College of 
Texas, College Station. 

Anuario Bibliografico Cubano, Havana, 
Cuba. 

Army Air Forces Aeronautical Chart 
Plant, St. Louis. 

Australian Institute of Anatomy, Can- 
berra, Australia. 

Board for the Netherlands Indies, New 
York. 

Brazil — Ministerio da Agricultura, 
Conselho Nacional de Protecao aos 
Indios. 

Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, 
Inc., Philadelphia. 

Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 

Chicago Public Library. 

Cook County Department of Public 
Health, Chicago. 

Costa Rica Servicio Meteorologico 
Nacional, San Jose, Costa Rica. 

Dow Chemical Company, Midland, 
Michigan. 

Edinburgh Public Libraries, Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. 

Eidgenossiches Technische Hochschule, 
Zurich, Switzerland. 

Empire Tea Bureau, London, England. 

Engineering Societies Library, New 
York. 

Finnish Academy of Sciences and Arts, 
Helsinki, Finland. 

Food and Agriculture Organization of 
the United Nations, Washington, 
D.C. 

Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil. 

General Motors Customer Research, 
Detroit. 



Hawkes Bay Art Society, Napier, New 
Zealand. 

Hormel Institute, Austin, Minnesota. 

Institute for Intercultural Studies, New 
York. 

Instituto Botanico Universidade Facul- 
dade de Ciencias, Lisbon, Portugal. 

Instituto de Botanica, Universidade do 
Porto, Porto, Portugal. 

Instituto Indigenista Nacional, Guate- 
mala City. 

Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e 
Historia, Mexico City. 

International African Institute, Lon- 
don, England. 

International Harvester Company, Chi- 
cago. 

John Crerar Library, Chicago. 

Los Angeles County Museum, Los 
Angeles. 

Mahogany Association, Chicago. 

Maria Mitchell Assocation, Nantucket, 
Massachusetts. 

Marine Life, New York. 

Maryland Board of Natural Resources, 
Baltimore. 

Michigan Audubon Society, Kingman 
Museum of Natural History, Battle 
Creek. 

Ministere de I'Education Nationale, 
Centre Nationale de la Recherche 
Scientifique, Paris, France. 

Musee de I'Homme, Paris, France. 

Museo de Arquelogia "Rafael Larco 
Herrera," Trujillo, Peru. 

Museum of Modern Art, New York. 

Museum of Natural Science and Art, 
Scranton, Pennsylvania. 

National Research Council, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

New Zealand — Department of Agricul- 
ture, Wellington. 



96 



Office of Indian Affairs, Chicago. 

Ohio Development and Publicity Com- 
mission, Columbus. 

Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm 
Springs, California. 

Pan American Union, Washington, 
D.C. 

Phi Sigma Society, Mesa, Colorado. 

Portugal — Ministerias Colonias, Junta 

das Missoes Geograficas e de Investi- 

gacoes Colonias, Lisbon. 

Republic Stub Corporation, Fleming- 
ton, New Jersey. 

Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, 
Scotland. 

Santo Domingo Secretaria de Estado de 
Agricultura, Trujillo, Santo Domingo. 

School of Chinese Studies, University 
of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. 

Seminario de Historia Primitiva del 
Hombre, Madrid, Spain. 

Service des Mines de I'Afrique Occi- 
dentale Francaise, Dakar, Senegal, 
Africa. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
D.C. 

Sociedad Argentina de Botanica, La 
Plata, Argentina. 

Societe Provancher d'Histoire Natu- 
relle du Canada, Quebec. 

Societe Royale de Zoologie, Antwerp, 
Belgium. 

Society of Economic Paleontologists 
and Mineralogists, Tulsa, Oklahoma. 

South African Archaeological Survey, 
Johannesburg, South Africa. 

South African Institute for Medical Re- 
search, Johannesburg, South Africa. 

Southwestern Monuments Association, 
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 



Swift and Company, Chicago. 

Texas Forest Service, College Station. 

Tomsk Hcrbaris Universitatis Tomske- 
nis, Tomsk, Siberia. 

United States Board of Geographical 
Names, Washington, D.C. 

United States Bureau of American 
Ethnology, Washington, D.C. 

United States Bureau of Mines, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

United States Department of Agri- 
culture Library, Washington, D.C. 

United States Forest Service, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

United States Geographic Board, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

United States Geological Survey, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

United States National Museum, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Universidad Nacional, Institute de 
Geologia, Mexico City. 

Universidad Nacional, Institute Miguel 
Lillo, Tucuman, Argentina. 

Universidad Nacional, Seccion Arque- 
logica, Cuzco, Peru. 

University of Chicago. 

University of Kansas, Lawrence. 

University of North Carolina, Chapel 
Hill. 

U.S.O. Department of Public Informa- 
tion, New York. 

Utah Mineralogical Society, Salt Lake 
City. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 
England. 

Worcester Natural History Museum, 
Worcester, Massachusetts. 

Yorktown Natural History Society, 
Yorktown, Saskatchewan, Canada. 



Library Accessions— List of Donors: Individuals 



Altman, E., Chicago. 

Andreas, Charlotte Henriette, Gron- 

ingen, Netherlands. 
Bachni, Charles, Geneva, Switzerland. 
Bargen, B., North Newton, Kansas. 
Bay, J. C, Chicago. 
Beaux, Oscar de, Genoa, Italy. 
Bohlin, Birger, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Brand, Donald D., Albuquerque, New 
Mexico. 



Briscoe, Madison S., Washington, D.C. 

Cano, Dr. Alfonso, Mexico City. 

Carney, Major Herschel W., Kalama- 
zoo, Michigan. 

Castellanos, Rosario de, Santa Fe, 
Argentina. 

Cockerell, T. D. A., Boulder, Colorado. 

Coleman, Edith, Victoria, Australia. 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 

Cotterill, Clare, Chicago. 



97 



Cox, Warren E., New York. 
Crawford, G. I., London, England. 
Cufodontis, Dr. G., Vienna, Austria. 
Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago. 
Dansereau, Pierre, Montreal, Canada. 
Davis, D. Dwight, Chicago. 
Davis, Watson, Washington, D.C. 
De Vos, Arthur, Chicago. 
Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago. 
Du Bos, Antony, Chicago. 
Dybas, Henry S., Chicago. 
Fattig, R. W., Emory University, 

Atlanta, Georgia. 
Field, Dr. Henry, Cuernavaca, Mexico. 
Field, Stanley, Chicago. 
Finkel, Dr. Asher, Chicago. 
Fitzpatrick, Prof. H. M., Ithaca, New 

York. 
Francis, P. H., Knutsford, England. 

Eraser, Lieutenant Colonel F. C, 
London, England. 

Frondel, Clifford, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago. 

Goldring, Winifred, Albany, New York. 

Goodrich, Prof. Arthur L., Manhattan, 
Kansas. 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana. 

Grey, Mrs. Marion, Highland Park, 
Illinois. 

Grimoche, Dr. Marcel, Nancy, France. 

Gudger, E. W., New York. 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago. 

Haecher, F. W., Omaha, Nebraska. 

Harte, H. B., Chicago. 

Hellebrekers, W. Ph. J., Leiden, 
Netherlands. 

Hermite, Esther, Chicago. 

Hochrentiner, B. P. G., Geneva, 
Switzerland. 

Hocking, Dr. George M., New York. 

Honigsheim, Paul, East Lansing, Mich- 
igan. 

Hookjer, D. A., Leiden, Netherlands. 

Howard, J. Harry, Greenville, South 
Carolina. 

Jackson, Ralph W., Cambridge, Mary- 
land. 

Kidder, A. V., Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. 

Kjersmeier, Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Kligman, Albert M., Philadelphia. 



98 



I 



Krapovickas, Antonio, Buenos Aires, 

Argentina. 
Krogman, Prof. W. M., Chicago. 
Krylov, P. N., Tomsk, Siberia. 
Lain, Dr. H. J., Leiden, Netherlands. 
Larco Hoyle, Rafael, Trujillo, Peru. 
Lazzarini Peckolt, Oswaldo de, Rio de 

Janeiro, Brazil. 
Liser y Trellis, Carlos A., Buenos Aires, 

Argentina. 
Long, W. H., Albuquerque, New 

Mexico. 
Lowe, Percy R., London, England. 
McGrew, Dr. Paul 0., Laramie, Wyo- 
ming. 
McWilliam, The Reverend John Mor- 

rell, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. 
Mahendra, Beni Charast, Pilani, India. 
Marshall, William B., Washington, 

D.C. 
Mayr, Ernst, New York. 
Millar, John R., Chicago. 
Miller, Henry M., Chicago. 
Nabours, Robert K., Manhattan, 

Kansas. 
Necker, Walter L., Chicago. 
Neitzel, W. C, Chicago. 
Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 
Oakes, Lieutenant Commander 0. A., 
Severna Park, Maryland. 

Ognev, Dr. S. T., Moscow, U.S.S.R. 

Ortenvinger, Dr. A. L., Norman, 
Oklahoma. 

Pfeiffer, Dr. I. W., Chicago. 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela. 

Pimentel, Enrique A., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela. 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illinois 

Posmansky, Arthur, La Paz, Bolivia. 

Prado, Alcides, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago. 

Reeves, R. G., College Station, Texas 

Rehder, Alfred, Jamaica Plain, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

Rehn, James A. G., Philadelphia. 

Romer, A. S., Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. 

Royo y Gomez, Jose, Bogota, Colombia 

Russell, Carl P., Washington, D.C. 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, Highlanc 
Park, Illinois. 

Sanz Echeverria, Josefa, Madrid, Spainlij 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois ij 



Seiler, L. T., Zurich, Switzerland. 
Sharp, Aaron J., Knoxville, Tennessee. 
Shaw, Miriam, Harvard, Massachu- 
setts. 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago. 

Smiotanski, John A., Chicago. 

Smith, Albert G., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Smith, E. N., Chicago. 

Smith, Prentiss, Homewood, Illinois. 

Soper, J. Dewey, Chicago. 

Southcott, Dr. R. V., Adelaide, South 
Australia. 

Souza-Novelo, Dr. Narciso, Yucatan, 
Mexico. 

Spencer, L. J., London, England. 

Spier, Dr. Leslie, Santa Cruz, Cali- 
fornia. 

Spoehr, Dr. Alexander, Winnetka, 
Illinois. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 



Stauffer, Clinton R., Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia. 

Stehr, William C, Athens, Ohio. 

Sternberg, Charles, Ottawa, Canada. 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Harrington, 
Illinois. 

Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, New York. 

Vetlesen, Mrs. George, New York. 

Voons, K. H., Jr., Amsterdam, 

Netherlands. 

Wagner, Emilio R. Estero, Argentina. 

Wainwright, G. A., Khartoum, Sudan. 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illinois. 

Whittenberger, Robert T., Philadel- 
phia. 

Wolcott, Albert Burke, Downers Grove, 
Illinois. 

Woods, Loren P., Washington, D.C. 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago. 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, Illinois. 

Zimmer, Dr. John T., New York. 



99 



I 



CONTRIBUTIONS AND BEQUESTS 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History Mu- f 
seum may be made in securities, money, books, or collections. I 
They may, if desired, take the form of a memorial to a person or ] 
cause, to be named by the giver. | 

Contributions made to the Museum are allowable as deductions i 
in computing net income for federal income tax purposes, subject ,j 
only to the limitation that the total deduction for charitable gifts \ 
may not exceed in any year 15 per cent of the contributor's net | 
income. I 

Contributions and bequests in any amount to Chicago Natural ! 
History Museum are exempt from federal gift and estate taxes. , 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision i 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her lifetime. I 

For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum the fol- 
lowing form is suggested : 

FORM OF BEQUEST 

I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural History 
Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 



LIST OF MEMBERS 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 



Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham,HarlowN.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise 



Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 



Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 
Sweden 

McCormick, Stanley 

Deceased,1946 

Sprague, Albert A. 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 

Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1946 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 



Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



101 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 
Diels, Dr. Ludwig 



Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Georges 
Humbert, Professor 

Henri 



Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 
Arthur 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those ivho have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 

* Deceased 



Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockfeller Foundation, 
The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Mil ward* 
American Friends of 

China 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 



Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henrv 
Fuller, WilHam A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 



102 



CONTRIBUTORS (Continued) 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus 

James 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Doering, 0. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

* Deceased 



Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 



Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 
Wolcott, Albert B. 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 



McCulloch, Charles A. 



Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1946 
Sprague, Albert A. 



Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Strawn, Silas H. 



103 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton L 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clarke, Mrs. Broadus 

James 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 



Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 



Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, ClifTord M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 

Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Louise 
Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 



104 



LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 



Collins, William M. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E 



Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 

Deceased, 1946 

McCulloch, Charles A. 

Patterson, Joseph M. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 



Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 



Pike, Eugene R. 

Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 



NON'RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 



Bennett, Mrs. Irene 
Stark 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 



Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Deceased, 1946 
Ellis, Ralph 



Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 



Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 



Abrahamsen, Miss Cora Adams, John Q. 



Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 



105 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Regina 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babb, W. E. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 



Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Beck von Peccoz, 

Baroness Martha 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 



Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 



106 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hvman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

DeKoven 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges 
Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 



Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
BufRngton, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 



Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs.GeorgeA. 
Carpenter, George 

Sturges 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B . 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Charles F. 



107 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Sevmour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkev, Henry P. 
Conneil, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 



Cornell, Mrs. John E, 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs.D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 



Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl 0. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
deKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Porter 
Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Donohue, William F. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 



108 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Drvden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 



Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Metcalf 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 



Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestfcit, Arthur A. 
Fro"*- Mrs. Chp.r'?s 

S inner 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Mrs. John J. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 



109 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
GeiHng, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
GetzoflF, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giflfey, Miss Hertha 
GifTord, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine,Dr.AscherH.C. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 



Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Cradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C.I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 



Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 

Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Kallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 



110 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heffernan, Miss Lily 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heverly, Earl L. 



Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 



Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Lyman 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, James P. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 



Ill 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junckunc, Stephen 



Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris L 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Marjorie 
Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 



Kinsey, Robert S. 

Kintzel, Richard 

Kirkland, Mrs. 
Weymouth 

Kitchell, Howell W. 

Kittredge, R. J. 

Kitzelman, Otto 

Klee, Mrs. Nathan 

Klein, Henry A. 

Klein, Mrs. Samuel 

Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 

Kleist, Mrs. Harry 

Kleppinger, William H. 

Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 

Klinetop,Mrs.CharlesW. 

Knickerbocker, Miss 
Paula 

Knopf, Andrew J. 

Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 

Knox, Harry S. 

Knutson, George H. 

Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 

Koch, Raymond J. 

Kochs, August 

Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 

Kohler, Eric L. 

Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Komiss, David S. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, John H. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 

Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 

Kramer, Leroy 

Kraus, Peter J. 

Kraus, Samuel B. 

Kreidler, D. C. 

Kresl, Carl 

Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Kretschmer, 
Herman L., Jr. 

Kropff, C. G. 

Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 

Krutckoff, Charles 

Kuehn, A. L. 

Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 

Kuhl, Harrv J. 

Kuhn, Fred^erick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaCiiance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lamport, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach,Mrs.AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 
Langworthy, Benjamin 

Franklin 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 



Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E, 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor L 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lochman, Philip 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Lsrael S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 



Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lupder, Arthur C. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilHams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L 
McCloud, Walter S. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

Harry 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal.Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 



McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metz, Mrs. Robert 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
MoeHng, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 



Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss MeHnda 

Jane 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. 

George H. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 






114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Eugene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
OfReld, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 



Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndofl", Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pardee, Harvey 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. L Newton 



Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Arthur 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Prentice, John K. 
Preston, Fred A. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheflf, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 



ReQua, Haven A. 

Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 



Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rublofif, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Henry 
Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 



116 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Mi.ss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shambaugh, Dr. 

George E. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 



Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

DeWitt 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Powell 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. OHve C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 



Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschem, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas L 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Eglantine Daisy 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 



117 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Stoll, John O. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
StuHk, Dr. Charles 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 

118 



Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
VanDeventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vawter, William A., II 



Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Clarke 
Washburne, 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henrv A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 



Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 



Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 



Aishton, Richard H. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 

Barbour, James J. 
Bartelme, John H. 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Broome, Thornhill 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 

Ca.sselberry, Mrs. 
William Evans 
Chapin, Henry Kent 



Deceased, 1946 

Cooke, Leslie L. 
Cox, James A. 

Dean, Samuel Edward 
Dunham, Miss Lucy 
Belle 

Ehrman, Edwin H. 

Fisher, Mrs. Annie 

Reich 
Fisher, George F. 

Gale, G. Whittier 
Gansbergen, Mrs. 
Maude M. 



Georgs, Fred W. 
Griffith, E. L. 

Hagen, Fred J. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 
Raymond S. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Heun, Arthur 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Howell, William 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 

Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 

Keehn, George W. 



119 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Lane, Wallace R. 
Lloyd, William Bross 

McAllister, Sydney G. 
McAuley, John E. 
Mjner, H. J. 
Moos, Joseph B. 

Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Noyes, David A. 



Deceased, 1946 {Continued) 

O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Leary, John W. 

Pam, Miss Carrie 
Parker, Frank B. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Poole, George A. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 

Quigley, William J. 

Rice, Arthur L. 



Schaffner, Robert C. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seng, Frank J. 

Thorne, James W. 
Tuttle, Emerson 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Woodruff, George 



NON'RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Mitchell, W. A. 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Colby, Carl 
Lindboe, S. R. 
Meevers, Harvey 



Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Bigelow, Mrs. Ann McLennan, Mrs. Page, John W. 

Eitel, Emil Donald R., Sr. Shillinglaw, David L. 

Fay, Eugene C. Meyerhoff, A. E. Treadwell. H. A. 

Lynch, J. W. Mills, Lloyd Langdon Wolnak, George 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 
Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Aagaard, Walter S. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adler, Mrs. William S. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Agar, Mrs. William G. 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Alessio, Frank 



Alex, Harold R. 
Alexander, John F. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allbright, R. D. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
Ambrose, J. F. 
Ameismaier, Julius 
Anagnost, Themis 



Andrus, Royal V. 
Anschicks, R. J. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Apfelbach, Mrs. 

George L. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R 
Arado, A. D. 
Aranoff, Kenneth 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armstrong, George M. 
Arndt, Albert 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 



120 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Atwater, Mrs. Pierce 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Fred'G. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Howard 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avildsen, Clarence 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach, Peter A. 
Bach, Thomas J. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Baer, Mrs. D. Arthur 
Bailey, Warren G. 
Baird, E. E. 
Baker, Mrs. Eloise 

Parsons 
Baldwin, James L. 
Baldwin, Dr. S. Glidden 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Balke, Mrs. Clarence W, 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banks, Miss Ann R. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, Mrs. Albert H. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bard well, William U. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Mrs. 

Lawrence A. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barrett, Timothy A. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartky, Mrs. Walter 
Bas, Marvin J. 
Basler, Norbert 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bates, Mrs. Harry C. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 



Beifus, Morris 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Belden, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengston, Henry 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benzin, Otto A. 
Berberian, Hagop 
Bere, Lambert 
Bergen, Garret L. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. O. 
Berk, Ben 
Berman, Irving 
Bernstein, George E. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bichl, Francis G., Jr. 
Bichl, G. J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Bigane, Joseph F. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Bingham, J. Lyman 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bishop, James R. 
Bissell, Mrs. C. B. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blake, Robert W. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blaz, Maurice C. 
Bleeden, Beryl 
Blitzsten, Mrs. Harry K. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Boening, Mrs. Louis A. 
Bogoff, Henry 



Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boley, Elbert L. 
Bolla, Dr. E. L. 
Bond, William Scott 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borden, Gail 
Borland, C. A. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boswell, Mrs. J. Stewart 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bovee, Fred G. 
Bovenkerk, Mrs. Marie J. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Claude D. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Boyle, Mrs. John R. 
Bradford, Mrs. 

Chester T. 
Bradley, Mrs. 

Benjamin W. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Branit, J. T. 
Brant, Rev. Gordon E. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Breen, John A. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Breskin, Louis A. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Brine, John H. 
Broderick, W. J. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodow, W. B. 
Broude, Mrs. William S. 
Brouwer, Rev. Jacob G. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 



121 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Browne, Mrs. Grace 

Greenwood 
Browne, Leon S. 
Bruce, Harley N. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Buik, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burdick, Dr. Allison L. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burke, L. J. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Kenneth J. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burton, Mrs. Anna W. 
Burull, Miss Ruth M. 
Busch, Albert 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Mrs. Evelyn 
Butterfield, George P. 
Butterfield, Peter Edwin 
Butz, Mrs. Robert O. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Callahan, B. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, C. Roy 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Cannon, John L 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carney, Robert F. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, H. R. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carry, James M. 
Carson, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Caspers, Mrs. Raymond I. 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cassidy, Mrs. James Lyle 



Cavanagh, Mrs. 

Joseph J. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Channon, Carl 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chertow, David 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Dr. 

Henry C. 
Christenson, Dr. P. J. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clarage, Arthur T. 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, E. L. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Mrs. Robert K. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clasen, W. N. 
Cleary, Mrs. James M. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifton, Dr. Willie Mae 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Cochran, Mrs. 

Thomas H. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coffey, Miss Mary 
Coghlan, David L. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohn, Harry 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combiths, Mrs. 

Wallace T. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D., Jr. 
Conaway, E. A. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conquest, Victor 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, H. L. 



Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Corrigan, Mrs. 

Michael J. 
Costigan, Mrs. 

Eve Charles 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Covington, John R. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Coyne, Richard T. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craig, Arthur B. 
Crandell, S. H. 
Crist, Luther E. 
C rites, Joe 

Crocker, Miss Edith E. 
Crockett, Wells E. 
Crone, Charles E. 
Croney, William B. 
Cronkhite, A. C. 
Crowder, James L. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Corning 
Crown, Mrs. Irving 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culbertson, 

Samuel A., II 
Cullen, Matthew J. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, Mrs. Tilden 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curda, Frank R. 
Curry, Rev. James C. 
Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Estella 
Dale, Arthur G. 
Dale, Dr. Maurice L. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Dalton, Mrs. John W. 
Daly, James J. 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Darr, H. S. 
Darrow, Gerard B. 
Darrow, WilHam Dwight 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Donald 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davis, A. D. 
Davis, Mrs. Abel 
Davis, Arthur G. 



122 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Davis, Roy H. 
Dawson, John A. 
Dean, Mrs. S. E., Jr. 
DeBruvn, Dr. Peter P. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, Mrs. Orville A. 
Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Deffenbaugh, Roy R. 
Degener, August W. 
DeLonghe, H. F. 
Dempsey, John S. 
Dennison, Craig E. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
Derkers, George C. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickerson, Mrs. Fred G. 
Dietz, Carl A. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingeldein, Karl A. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Director, Harry J. 
Dispenza, N. R. 
Dixon, Mrs. Janet 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Doepp, Mrs. William 
Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donaldson, Miss Mima L. 
Donaldson, Richard J. 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Doroshaw, J. M. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dover, S. M. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Dowell, Maynard 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, Miss Alice 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 



Drobny, Mrs. Herman 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubek, John J., Jr. 
Dubiel, Dr. John C. 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dubkin, Leonard 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dupee, Mrs. Ralph K. 
DuVal, Edward R. 
Duval, Dr. Emile C. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dwyer, J. E. 
Dygert, Erwin F. 

Easter, Mrs. Donald W. 
Eckert, Edward L. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edquist, Rev. Bertil 
Ehrlicher, James G. 
Eichin, Mrs. Charles 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Ekman, Stanley V. 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W, 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellerd, Arthur A. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Elliott, William S. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elmer, Miss Nancy T. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Engelhardt, Mrs. 

Elizabeth 
Enid, Miss Carolyn 
Enke, George W. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Etshokin, Luery 
Eulass, E. A. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 
Eyler, Godfrey J. 

Fairchild, Edmund 
Fairman, Miss Marian 



Faissler, John J. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Faricy, Mrs. William T. 
Farney, Mrs. Cyril 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Feld, Max 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferris, Douglas B. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finn, Leo P. 
Finnegan, Thomas J. 
Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. A. M. 
Fishlove, Irving H. 
Fitpold, Michael H. 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Flavin, Lawrence P. 
Fleckles, L. N., Jr. 
Fleer, Herman H. 
Fleming, Paul 
Fleming, Mrs. W. Lynne 
Flesch, Stanley J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Flores, Dr. Marguerite S. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Forck, Charles G. 
Fortin, Joseph T. 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Franz, Mrs. John N. 
Frazee, Seward C. 



123 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Frederick, Mrs. 

George B. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

Juanita E. 
Fredrickson, Carl 
Fredrickson, J. Simon 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhrer, Max 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Furedy, Frank 
Furth, Lee J. 
Futran, Herbert S. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Galgano, John H. 
Gallagher, John T. 
Gallauer, William 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Gardner, George M. 
Garrabrant, Monroe F. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gast, Arthur E. 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaul, Hermann J., Sr. 
Gaw, George D. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerber, Martin S. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Giesbert, Mrs. Carl A. 
Gilbert, Theodore 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. 

James M. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilman, Mrs. George P. 
Gilman, James W. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girard, Charles A. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 



Gits, Mrs. Remi J. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladstone, Myer H. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glenn, Bruce W. 
Click, Edward R. 
Click, Louis G. 
Godchaux, Leon G. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gollan, Jose Santos, Hijo 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gorski, Martin 
Gott, Philip P. 
Couch, Mrs. George 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grabbe, Werner H. 
GrafRs, Herbert 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graves, Mrs. Marie J. 
Graves, Dr. Robert 

Elliott 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Harry 
Green, J. F. 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Grein, Joseph 
Gresham, Mrs. Laura E. 
Crier, Dr. Robert M. 
Grigg, William H. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Crisamore, Oscar L. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Groble, Harold E. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grove, C. G. 



Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustafson, Miss Anna E. 
Gustafson, Rev. David 
Gustafson, Harry M. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hackett, Mrs. 

Karleton S. 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagev, J. F. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Mrs. Charles J. 
Haines, Walter 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, B. Brower 
Hall, Cameron A. 
Hall, Clifford F. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Max 
Halverstadt, 

Romaine M. 
Halvorsen, Mrs. F. H. 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, Stevens H. 
Hammond, William M. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hank, Bernard J. 
Hanna, Charles M. 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Mellor 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harper, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harrington, Miss 

Frances 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Maude 

Dowdell 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 



124 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Malcolm 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harvey, Mrs. W. W. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauck, Clayson J. 
Hansen, Gerard E. 
Hawes, Hardin H. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayes, Miss Lucy C. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, John J. 
Heavey, John C. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hegg, Miss Marian 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heilo, Eric 
Helgason, Arni 
Henderson, B. E. 
Hennessey, William S. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Herman, Eli 
Hernandez, Mrs. A. B. 
Hershenson, Edward 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hesse, E. E. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hewes, Howard H. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hieber, Reynolds Conrad 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Elmer C. 
Hill, Mrs. Howard C. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Howard H. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hinshaw, Hainer 
Hintze, Arthur W. 
Hipskind, Donald F. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hite, Miss K. Eileen 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobart, Miss Lois^E. 



Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hoben, H. H. 
Hobson, J. E. 
Hochfeldt, Wilham F. 
Hocking, Charles H. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hodges, L. C. 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, Mrs. Bolter 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holland, Herbert H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Milton L 
Holland, Robert L. 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Raymond 
Holzman, Alfred 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hopper, Bernard E. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Isidore 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Herbert 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Horwitz, Dr. M. S. 
Hottinger, 

William H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Howe, Edward T. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howell, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Howell, William C. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hrdlicka, Miss 

Bohnmilla 
HrdHcka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughlett, Mrs. George 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hukar, George 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 



Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hurrell, R. E. 
Hussman, Carl 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Ibsen, C. L. 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Iker, Charles 
Ingram, Lawrence 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackman, Robert M. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jarratt, Walter J. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewell, Robert W. 
Jewett, George F. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Hurtig 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Dr. Harvey C. 
Johnson, Homer B. 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, Thomas G. 
Johnson, Dr. Torrey M. 
Johnson, Voyle C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Bernard F. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Kent 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jon(>s, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Julian, John A. 
Jung, C. C. 



125 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Kahn, Fred S. 
Kahn, H. Donald 
Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kane, Mrs. Charles E. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Frank 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karp, Elmer H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Katz, Miss Jessie 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Nathan D. 
Kay, Paul 
Kay, Richard 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonardo 
Keene, William J. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W, 
Keim, Melville 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelsey, L. L. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Keranen, George M. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kettles, Alan 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, Richard E. 
Kiefer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
Kimmell, Mrs. 

Kathryn Ann 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Miles O. 
King, Thomas R. 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirkman, Robert A. 
Kirman, Sol C. 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kittner, Ralph D. 
Klann, Frank Richard 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klapman, S. J. 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 



Klein, Dr. David 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klier, Dr. Floyd C. 
Kling, Leopold 
Kloppenstein, J. D. 
Knecht, Mrs. T. L. 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knoll, George 
Knourek, E. E. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, Mrs. E. H. 
Kohlmann, Henry J. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Koltz, George C. 
Kompare, William F. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koplin, Mrs. Harry 
Kort, George 
Korten, Miss Hattie C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kraemer, Leo 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Kreber, Mrs. Nellie 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krol, Dr. Edward J. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krumske, Paul A. 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuester, Albert J. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kysela, Thomas E. 

Lachman, Harold 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Lane, George A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Larson, Ehs L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 



Laser, M. T. 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Latimer, William L. 
Latshaw, Mrs. Blair S. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Launder, Ray S. 
Laven, C. L. 
Lavieri, Miss Elaine 
Law, M. A. 
Lawrence, James 
Lea, Mrs. Theodore E. 
Leaf, Harry 
LeBeau, C. A. 
LeBeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lederer, Sigmund M. 
Lee, A. Franklin 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Arthur K. 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, 0. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leitz, Miss Theodora 
Lerch, William H. 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Levin, Louis 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levy, Paul 
Levy, Richard 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linke, Walter 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Linville, Ralph O. 
Linville, Richard D. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Livingston, Charles C. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. K. 
Lloyd, C. L. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lodge, E. A. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Logan, Waldo H. 
Lome, Philip 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Loomis, Miss Marie 
Loomis, W. W. 
Lopez, Abelardo G. 
Lopez, Joseph G. 
Loring, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Losos, Edward J. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lung, Miss Carole A. 
Luning, Mrs. Henry H. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, James L. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macfarlane, Mrs. W. E. 
Mack, Joseph 
MacKellar, Dr. John D. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Manaster, Henry 
Mangan, R. K. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Frank E. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Mansfield, Ralph 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Manz, George R. 
Marcus, Abel 
Marcussen, Miss 

Esther L. 
Mark, Griflith 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Markus, Henry A. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marrs, Dean 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. Edwin 

Dudley 
Martin, Mrs. John 

Sayre, Jr. 
Marx, Archibald B. 
Mathews, Mrs. John W. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 



Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
May, Sol 

Maybrun, Arthur E. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Mrs. James Leo 
Mayer, Richard 
Maynard, Edwin T. 
Maynard, Robert W. 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarty, Miss Ada 

Marie 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCullough, Robert 

Osgood 
McDaniel, Mrs. Paul H. 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McEnery, Dr. Eugene T. 
McGregor, Robert C. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKisson, Robert W. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMaster, A. B. 
McMullen, A. W. 
McNall, Quinlan J. 
McNally, Frederick L. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNulty, James J. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Mead, Dr. Irene T. 
Medberry, Mrs. L. J. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meers, James D. 
Meers, Miss Martha 
Mehan, J. H. 
Mendelson, Morris 
Mentzer, John P. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Metzger, M. A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 



Meyer, Wallace 
Meyerson, Joel 
Michaelsen, Christian S. 
Michalaros, Demetrios 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Amos C. 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, J. M. 
Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, WilHam H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Mills, Mrs. 

Herbert S., Jr. 
Milner, Leopold 
Milnor, George S. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Herbert 
Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 
Mizen, Frederic 

Kimball 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Moll, Ernest E. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Harold T. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Morgaridge, K. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, P. G. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mower, Mrs. Delia 
Moyer, Burton B. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mudge, Frederick S. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Mueller, Richard 
Muench, C. G. 
Muir, Edward G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Muller, Allan 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Mullin, Miss Frances M. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munsert, Mrs. Helen W. 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Munson, Lyle 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Thomas J., Jr. 
Murray, Dr. Alfred N. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nacey, Harry M. 
Naflfz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Nauman, J. C. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Francis L. 
Newton, James L. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Norton, G. A. 
Norton, Harold K. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novick, Daniel 
Novotny, Richard R. 
Nunne, William 
Nussear, George S. 
Nylander, Dr. Victor T. 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberne, George S. 
O'Brien, Dale 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. John S. 
O'Connor, Mrs. Peter P. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
Ogilvie, Elmer E. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, PhiHp H. 
Olin, Mrs. David 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 



Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, W. M. 
Olson, Edward M. 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neal, William James 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Alvin 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ottman, J. H. 
Overend, Robert B. 
Overmyer, Franklin R. 

Paddock, Forrest G. 
Palmer, Mrs. Claude 

Irwin 
Palmer, Curtis H. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, George S. 
Parks, Burritt A. 
Parrott, George H. 
Patch, A. Huntington 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast, Frank 
Pendleton, Maurice B. 
Pennebaker, John Paul 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perin, Reuben L. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Pershing, Mrs. 

Magdalene M. 
Person, Dr. Algot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petrie, John 
Petrie, Morton H. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Arno H. 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Picha, Miss Sylvia M. 
Richer, William S. 
Pick, Joseph Richard 



Pier, H. M. 
Pillinger, Douglass 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirie, Mrs. S. C, Jr. 
Pitman, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plotkin, Mrs. Oscar H. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Poll, Morris A. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, M. C. 
Pondrom, Alfred J. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Ponton, George A. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porges, Dr. Otto 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Powell, Nathan N. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, Frank M. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Praed, William G. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, J. H. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Ray W. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Prescott, Morton S. 
Press, Robert 
Preston, G. G. 
Preus, J. A. 0. 
Price, Mrs. George E. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindle, James H. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Putz, Dr. WilHam E. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Quarrie, William F. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Randall, Frank A. 
Randolph, Murray 
Rane, Max R. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Rayunec, Miss Ollie 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reese, Mrs. C. W. 
Regensburg, James 
Regnery, Fred L. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Rein, Le.ster E. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rennie, Lewis M. 
Renouf, William 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Resag, Horace J. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Sohn 
Reynolds, Mrs. Agnes H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

Thomas A. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Rhoads, Dr. Paul S. 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, Dr. Lloyd K. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Mrs. Ray M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Rix, Bernard J. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Mrs. Charles C. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberti, Romolo 
Roberts, J. B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, Miss 

Margaret A. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Victor 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Josephine 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 



Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Rook, Miss Vaughn 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. Joseph 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. N. H. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. H. M. 
Ross, Dr. John Chester 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, K. B. 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rosset, Harry 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Mrs. 

Maurice L. 
Rowley, William A. 
Roy, Mrs. Rupert C. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Rumbel, Mrs. 

Florence A. 
Ruskamp, William H. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryan, CD. 

Ryan, Mrs. Lawrence J. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 

Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saladin, Harry J. 
Salberg, Emil B. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Sammet, J. M. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sandvold, Mrs. W. C. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Dr. Robert H. 
Saunders, Thomas W. 
Sauter, Allen C. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 



Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schell, Rev. R. G. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Scheuber, Alphons J. 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossberg, Max 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schobinger, Miss Elsie 
Scholl, Bertha M. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schuman, J. R. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schuyler, L. H. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schwartz, Selwyn S. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Seass, Arthur Robert 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segal, Victor 
Segil, Harold T. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, A. K. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Sharpe, Donald W. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shea, Harry F. 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheffer, K. A. 
Shepherd, Edward W. 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shipley, Dr. Carl V. 
Shirk, Miss Lydia E. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, Leland W. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Siblev, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siegel, David T. 
Sieger, Joseph F. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Silverstein, Milton 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Sima, Dr. Charles A. 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Slasor, Floyd 
Sloan, William F. 
Smaha, O. O. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles 
Smart, David A. 
Smerz, E. J. 
Smith, Mrs. G. O. 
Smith, H. S. 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, Harry E., Jr. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Snider, Dr. S. Sinclair 
Snoberger, R. E. 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Snyder, Oliver C. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Somes, J. J. 
Sonne, Mrs. Fred T. 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Edward 
Sorley, Dr. Milford S. 
Soukup, Mrs. 

Ravmond J. 
Speed, Dr. Kellog 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spencer, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spiess, Carlos A. 
Spieth, Mrs. Angeline 
Spitz, M. W. 
Spivack, Dr. Julius L. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 



Stanton, Mrs. John W. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Steger, Miss Josephine 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stephen, Alexander F. 
Stephens, Miss Laura G. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, E. E. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stibgen, Gearv V. 
Stifler, Mrs. j'. M. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stoffels, Oscar A. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John . 

Sheppard 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storms, North 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Strauch, Dr. August 
Straus, Harry C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Stresen-Reuter, 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Joseph L. 
Strong, U. D. 
Strong, Dr. R. M. 
Stroup, William B. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 



Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Switzer, Mrs. James W. 
Symes, J. M. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 

Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tarlow, Dr. Lillian S. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Paul H. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teach, Jacob A. 
Teare, W. C. 
Tegarden, J. E. 
Teich, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Teitelbaum, Irving E. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Test, Dr. Frederick C. 
Testin, Dr. Henry S. 
Thaver, Dr. Eugene A. 
Thei'ss, Otto H. 
Thomas, Mrs. 

John W., Sr. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Mrs. G. F. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Enos 
Thurrott, J. Angus 
Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Tighe, Thomas 
Timmings, G. H. 
Timpson, Mrs. 

T. William 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomey, John T. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Toplon, Irving S. 
Toren, E. Clifford 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Trautmann, Mrs. 

Theodore 
Traver, George W. 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Tremain, Miss 

Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Tschampel, Paul 
Turnbull, Mrs. George C. 
Turner, Frederick W. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Maurice 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ullmann, S. E. 
Unger, Paul R. 
Unwin, Mrs. Parkinson 
Urban, Andrew 
Ursin, Mrs. Ben E. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanDahm, Peter 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
VanNice, Errett 
VanSlyke, Wirt B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Velde, James A. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinson, Owen 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
vonPerbandt, Mrs. Louis 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wacker, Fred G. 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallace, R. G. 
Wallen, Miss 

Marguerite Lorraine 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walz, John W. 



Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, John Angus 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warr, Harold G. 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, Patrick 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wassell, Charles K. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasserman, Samuel A. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterhouse, Paul G. 
Waterman, C. W. 
Waters, Mrs. Marshall A. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Mrs. 

Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Wayne, Michael 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, A. 
Webster, Harry C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weidert, William C. 
Weil, David M. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weissenborn, Leo Julius 
Welch, R. T. 
Welch, W. M. 
Wells, Charles C. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Welshon, Mrs. Mary C. 
Werth, A. Herman 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Mrs. Mary Lavelle 
West, Dr. OHn 
Westerlin, Mrs. J. M. 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wexler, Mrs. Jerrold 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Maida B. 
Wheelock, Miss Ellen P. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Gravbiel Graham 
White, Mrs. Harold R. 



White, Mrs. Lynne L. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitnell, Mrs. 

William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilcox, Edward B. 
Wilcox, Mrs. Harold C. 
Wilcox, Howard A. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilcoxson, Mrs. 

Arthur L. 
Wilds, John L. 
Willard, Mrs. Charles H. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Harry W. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Thomas L. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, Miss Fanny B. 
Wilson, Holmes 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Miss S. Edna 
Wing, Wallace E. 
Winsberg, G. L. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Leo 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, Herman 
Wise, James E. 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Woltersdorf, Arthur F. 
Wood, Mi.ss Aileen 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, F. Upton 
Wood, Harvey E. 
Wood, Henry PauU 
Wood, John W. 
Wood, Kenneth H. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Rev. Walter S. 
Wood, Dr. William 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Turner 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, S. Roger 
Woollard, Ernest V. 



131 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Worthy, Mrs. James C. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wright, Mrs. R. G. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 
Wuichet, West 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wurth, Mrs. William 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 



Yates, John E. 
Yates, William H. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Youngsma, T. S. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahn, Louis 
Zaleski, Boleslaw 



Zalewski, C. Stanley 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zelzer, Harry 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zischke, Herman 
Zitzewitz, Elmer K. 
ZoUa, Abner M. 



Altheimer, Ben J. 

Bonfield, Paul H. 
Burton, Robert N. 

Cameron, Mrs. Anson 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Corper, Erwin 
Cunningham, Secor 

Fisher, Stephen J. 



Deceased, 1946 

Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Graydon, Charles E. 

Holzheimer, Joseph 

Joy, James A. 

Lobdell, Harry H. 

Matchett, David F. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Millar, Ronald 



Moore, Nathan G. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 

Phelps, Mrs. Cassius H. 

Reynolds, John B. 
Richter, Arthur 

Schupp, Robert W. 
Stumpp, Hugo J. 

Trude, Daniel P. 



132 



i 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 
[Seal] Secretary of State. 

TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

{Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

133 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois 1 

!■ ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



134 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER, 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

135 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the- Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

136 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 
the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

137 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

THE AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

committees 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

138 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 
nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

139 









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