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January 1948 

Underwood and Underwood 


Chief Curator of the Department of Zoology from 1921 to 1940 
Curator Emeritus of Zoology from 1940 to 1947 


Report of the Director 

to the 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1947 


OCT 12 1948 



JANUARY, 1948 


r u  



Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1947 12 

List of Staff, 1947 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 22 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 24 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 26 

Department of Anthropology 40 

Department of Botany 48 

Department of Geology 56 

Department of Zoology 64 

Library 72 

Photography and Illustration 80 

Motion Pictures 80 

Publications and Printing 82 

Public Relations 85 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 88 

Financial Statements 90 

Attendance and Door Receipts 91 

Accessions, 1947 92 

Members of the Museum 105 

Benefactors 105 

Honorary Members 105 

Patrons 105 

Corresponding Members 106 

Contributors 106 

Corporate Members 107 

Life Members 108 

Non-Resident Life Members 109 

Associate Members 109 

Non-Resident Associate Members 124 

Sustaining Members 124 

Annual Members 124 

Articles of Incorporation 138 

Amended By-Laws 140 



Wilfred Hudson Osgood frontispiece 

Aerial View of Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

Chicago Natural History Museum jg 

Fossil Reptile Preparation Laboratory 23 

Portable Exhibit, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 25 

Polar Bear Group under Inspection 27 

Guatemalan Indian Costumes 31 

Art Students in Museum 34 

Main (North) Entrance of Museum, Interior View 36 

Raymond Foundation Pre-Tour Discussion 37 

Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 1947: Dr. Ernst Antevs, Dr. John B. 
Rinaldo, E. B. Sayles 41 

Miniature Model of Kiva 43 

Ethnological Expedition to Micronesia, 1947 45 

Woman's Blouse, Guatemala 46 

Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium 49 

Botanical Expedition to Cuba, 1947 50 

Escuela Agricola Panamericana, Honduras 51 

Flailing Quinoa 52 

Plant Reproduction Laboratory, Department of Botany 54 

Stages in Reconstruction of Fossil Plant 55 

Model of Earth's Interior 57 

Stibnite Crystals 58 

Chemical Laboratory, Department of Geology 59 

X-ray Photograph Laboratory, Department of Geology 60 

Skeleton of Cacops, Early Permian Amphibian 62 

Model of Galapagos Turtle 65 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, Classifying Specimens 66 

Philippine Tarsier 68 

Philippines Zoological Expedition, 1946-47 71 

Symposium Speakers (Botany), December 29, 1947 77 

"Espeletias in the High Andes, Colombia" 81 

Radio Broadcast, Station WBEZ 86 


Chicago Natural History Museum, formerly 
Field Museum of Natural History, uear the 
shore of Lake Michigau, faces Rooseveh 
Road at Lahe Shore Drive, with Soldier 
Field to the south (at right, iu picture) 
atid, to the east, fohu G. Shedd Aquaruiui 
and Adler Plaiutariuiu (at extreme left). 
File Museum is opeu to the public every 
day of the year except Christmas and New 
Year's Day. It may be reached by elevated 
or surface railways, South Shore aud Illiuois 
Central sid)urbaii trains, or bus. Fhere is 
ample free parking space near the Aluseum. 

Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 


John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 

* Deceased 













Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 


Officers; Trustees^ and Committees^ 1947 




Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCoRMicK Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

John P, 

Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert H. Wetten 

Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, W. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., Howard W. Fenton, John P. Wilson, 
Walter J. Cummings, Albert H. Wetten 

Building— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field, Boardman Conover 

Auditing — W. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 


List of Staff, 1947 









Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

C. Martin Wilbur,* Curator, Chinese Archaeology and 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 


A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 

Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

John B. Rinaldo, Assistant, Archaeology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Harold Hinshaw, Assistant, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Jose Cuatrecasas, Curator, Colombian Botany 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

Harry K. Phinney,* Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic 

L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Hugh C. Cutler, Curator, Economic Botany 
Llewelyn Williams,* Curator, Wood Technology 
J. S. Daston, Assistant, Botany 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

* Resigned, 1947 












Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Assistant, Plant Reproduction 
Frank Boryca, Assistant, Plant Reproduction 
Edith M. Vincent, Departmental Secretary 

Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 
George Langford, Assistant, Paleobotany 
R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Paleobotany 
Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Paleobotany 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Harry E. Changnon, Assistant Curator, Geology 
Robert Kriss Wyant, Assistant Curator, Economic 

James H. Quinn,* Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Henry Horback, Preparator 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 
John Conrad Hansen, Artist 
Frances Foley, f Departmental Secretary 
Joanne Neher, Departmental Secretary 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
Wilfred H. Osgood, J Curator Emeritus 
Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 
Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 
Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 
Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 
BoARDMAN Conover, Research Associate, Birds 
Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 
Rudyerd Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Birds 
Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 
Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 
Loren p. Woods, § Curator, Fishes 

♦Resigned, 1947 
t Retired, 1947 
t Deceased, 1947 
§ On leave 















John W. Winn, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Julius Friesser, Taxidermist 

L. L. Pray, Taxidermist 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Peggy Collings Brown,* Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

James E. Trott, Artist-Preparator 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 

Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 

Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

John Bayalis, Preparator 

William J. Beecher,* Preparator 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
Roberta Caldwell* 
Winona Hinkley Cosner 
June Ruzicka Buchwald 
Lorain Farmer 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Ann Sharpe 

* Resigned, 1947 
















Paul G. Dallwig§ 

Carl W. Hintz, Librarian 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian Emerita 

Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 

Eunice Marthens Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

Meta p. Howell, Assistant Librarian 

Louise Boynton, Secretary 

Frank L. Heyser, Bookbinder 

Benjamin Bridge, Auditor 
William A. Bender, Assistant Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

SusAN M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

C. H. Carpenter, t Photographer 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 

Norma Lockwood, Illustrator 

John W. Moyer 

Arthur G. Rueckert 

Raymond H. Hallstbin, in charge 

W. H. Corning 

§ On leave 

t Retired, 1947 





James R. Shouba 

William E. Lake 


t Retired. 1947 


Chicago Natural History Museum, Roosevelt Road an J Lake Shore Drive 

Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the Museum 
for the year ended December 31, 1947. 

The year was notable in the considerable increase in our collec- 
tions, brought about through the resumption of our expeditionary 
program and by purchase, since shipment from foreign lands was 
now possible. The outstanding gift to the Museum was that of the 
fossil vertebrate collection of the University of Chicago. This 
collection, described elsewhere in the Report, was presented to the 
Museum as a result of the generous recognition by officials of the 
university of the proper fields of the two institutions. The collection 
will, of course, continue to be available to students and scientists, 
and its study at the Museum will be furthered by the presence of 
additional comparative material. The numbering system used in 
the collection will be preserved, with the addition of a suitable 
prefix, in order to avoid the long and difficult task of renumbering 
and also because many of the specimens appear in the literature of 
paleontology under the university numbers. 

Professor Misael Acosta Solis, Director of the Ecuadorian In- 
stitute of Natural Sciences, Quito, Ecuador, presented to the Museum 
an extensive collection of herbarium specimens from Ecuador. When 
it is added to the Museum's collections from that country, the 
Museum's Herbarium will contain the largest collection of Ecuador- 
ian plants in the world. Similarly, Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, formerly 
professor of botany and director of the Botanical Garden of Madrid, 
Spain, now our Curator of Colombian Botany, presented to the 


Museum his immense collection of herbarium specimens and woods 
of Colombian plants, this probably being the largest private col- 
lection ever assembled in Colombia. The accessioning of these 
two collections assists in rounding out the Museum's coverage, in 
botany, in Central America and in northern South America. 

The Department of Anthropology received as a gift from Miss 
Florence Dibell Bartlett, of Chicago, an outstanding collection of 
Guatemalan textiles valued at more than ten thousand dollars. 
A special exhibit featuring this collection was held in Stanley Field 
Hall in the Museum during the months of November and December. 

The Department of Zoology profited greatly by the receipt of 
the collections from the Philippines Zoological Expedition, 1946-47, 
which bring to the Museum a great deal of material of high scientific 
importance. The collection includes a series of specimens of a small 
arboreal mammal, the tarsier, formerly believed to be extremely 
rare but found by our expedition in great numbers in certain types 
of forest. Arrangements had also been made that brought to the 
Museum a quantity of Australian birds and mammals collected by 
Gabrielle Scott, largely new to our collections. Elsewhere through- 
out the world various trained zoological collectors were engaged in 
collecting desirable material for the Department. 

The death on June 20, 1947, of Dr. Wilfred Hudson Osgood, 
Curator Emeritus of Zoology, brought to an end the distinguished 
career of one of the world's great zoologists. Dr. Osgood had been 
a member of the Museum staff since 1909 and had been head of the 
Department of Zoology from 1921 until his retirement in 1940. The 
high standing of our Department of Zoology is largely due to his 
influence both in exhibition and in research. 

The most notable accession of the year in the Museum Library 
was the collection of five hundred volumes from the estate of Dr. 
Osgood. In addition to the strictly zoological works that it con- 
tained, there were a great many travel books, primarily on South 
America and Abyssinia, reflecting his interest in these particular 
areas. This gift has enabled us to place in the Division of Mammals 
duplicate copies of several important works. Bookplates serve as 
a reminder of Dr. Osgood's gift. 

In December, 1947, the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science and many of its allied societies met in Chicago. 
Several sessions of various societies met in the Museum and, on the 
evening of December 29, the "Biology Smoker," sponsored by the 
American Society of Naturalists, was held at the Museum. On 
this occasion there was an attendance of more than 5,500, and our 


visitors were generous in expressing their appreciation to the Museum 
and its Committee of Special Arrangements. Also held at the 
Museum during the year were one session of the Special Libraries 
Association and a joint meeting of the Chicago Entomological 
Society and entomologists of the Illinois State Natural History 
Survey and the University of Illinois. 

Four members of the staff of the Museum were guests of Princeton 
University at its Bicentennial Conference on "Common Problems 
of Genetics, Paleontology, and Evolution," held in January of this 
year. The Museum scientists were Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator 
of the Department of Botany, Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 
Mammals, Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of the Department of 
Zoology, and D. D wight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy. 

Finances of the Museum 

General economic conditions have been reflected in the Museum. 
During the year 1947, the cost of operating the Museum totaled 
more than $1,012,000, an increase of nearly $170,000 over the 
operating cost of the preceding year, and resulted in an operating 
deficit of $10,442.46 (for comparative financial statements, see 
page 90). Approximately $74,000 of this increase in operating 
costs appeared in pajToll accounts. This was due to some increases 
in staff and to the general need for salary and wage increases to 
offset the high cost of living as well as to bring the pay of Museum 
workers into line with the scale paid in similar kinds of employment. 

In 1947, approximately $134,000 more than in the preceding 
year was spent for furniture and fixtures. This included the acquisi- 
tion of a great amount of storage equipment and exhibition cases 
not available during the war years and also included the purchase 
of microscopes and other laboratory equipment that were not 
available previously. Although additional storage cases are still to 
be provided, the laboratories are now well equipped and the scientific 
staff is in position to achieve maximum results. An appropriation 
of $40,000 to cover the recataloguing of the Library is also a con- 
tributing factor in the increased cost of operations. 

The decrease shown in the amount spent for building repairs 
and alterations was due primarily to the fact that in 1946 the 
Museum had spent disproportionate sums in providing a new roof 
and new flag poles and in tuckpointing the building, thus arresting 
depreciation and deterioration. The operating deficit for the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension continues to increase because of 
higher costs all along the line without any increase in endowment. 



Trustees and Officers 

At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January, Stanley 
Field, President of Chicago Natural History Museum, was re-elected 
to serve for his thirty-ninth consecutive year. All other officers 
who served in the preceding year were also re-elected. They are: 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President; Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second 
Vice-President; Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President; Solomon 
A, Smith, Treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, Director and Secretary; and 
John R. Millar, Deputy Director and Assistant Secretary. 


It is with considerable gratification that an increase again can be 
reported in the number of Members on the Museum roster. The 
total number of Members recorded on December 31, 1947, amounted 
to 4,724. During the year, 503 new Members were enrolled. It is 
with regret that the loss of 405 Members through transfer, cancella- 
tion, and death is recorded. 

The names of all persons listed as Members of the Museum during 
1947 will be found on the pages at the end of this Report. The 
number of Members in each classification at the close of 1947 is 
as follows: Benefactors — 23; Honorary Members — 8; Patrons — 19; 
Corresponding Members — 7; Contributors — 156; Corporate Members — 
42; Life Members — 185; N on-Resident Life Members — 15; Associate 
Members — 2,381; Non-Resident Associate Members — 9; Sustaining 
Members — 17; Annual Members — 1,862. 

The Museum, as in the past, is indebted to the many Members 
whose co-operation and support have helped to make possible the 
educational and cultural activities of this institution. An expression 
of appreciation for their support is given also to those Members who 
found it necessary to discontinue their memberships. It is hoped 
that whenever it is favorable for them to do so they will resume 
membership in the Museum. 

Gifts to the Museum 

Elmer J. Richards and Donald Richards, of Chicago, made additional 
gifts to the Museum of $8,000 and $5,000, respectively, for the 
purchase of specimens for the cryptogamic herbarium. William S. 
Street, of Seattle, Washington, added $3,000 to The Mr. and Mrs. 
William S. Street Expedition Fund. The estate of Mrs. Joan A. 
Chalmers added $1,333.34 to The Joan A. Chalmers Fund, and 
miscellaneous accretions also were received in other trust funds. 


C. Suydam Cutting, New York, a Patron of the Museum, again 
gave $500. Peder A. Christensen, of San Francisco, made an 
additional gift of money. 

The Museum received $27,500 from Stanley Field, its President; 
$20,000 in 1946 and $16,000 in 1947 from Marshall Field, First 
Vice-President; $5,000 from the estate of the late Silas H. Strawn, 
Trustee; and $2,600 from Boardman Conover, Trustee. Other 
gifts of money were received from Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, 
Associate, Division of Birds; Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor 
of Scientific Publications; and Clarence B. Randall, Trustee. Under 
an act of the legislature of the State of Illinois, the Chicago Park 
District turned over to the Museum $132,071.98 as its share of 
taxes levied to aid in the support of several museums. 

Donors who give or devise to the Museum between $1,000 and 
$100,000 in money or materials are elected by the Board of Trustees 
to a special membership classification designated as "Contributors" 
and their names are listed in perpetuity. Eight donors were added 
to the Museum's roll of Contributors. Contributors elected in 
recognition of gifts of money are the late Oscar E. Remmer, elected 

Fossils of Permian reptiles, Dicynodont (background) and Pareiasaurs (two sped' 
mens in foreground), are repaired by Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils 
(right) and Preparator Stanley Kuczek. The specimens are from the collection of 
fossil vertebrates that was presented to the Museum by the University of Chicago. 


posthumously because of a legacy to the Museum of $21,935.87; 
Joseph Desloge, of St. Louis, Missouri, who contributed $2,000 for 
a Museum expedition to Peru; Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, of 
Edward Sparrow Hospital, Lansing, Michigan, whose gifts to The 
Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund now total $1,750; and 
Albert H. Wetten, Trustee, who gave $5,000 to provide color plates 
for the publication of "Amphibians of West China" by Dr. Ch'eng- 
chao Liu, Research Associate. 

Contributors elected in recognition of gifts of materials to the 
collections of the Museum are Miss Florence Dibell Bartlett, of 
Chicago, Charles Albee Howe, of Homewood, Illinois, Professor 
Misael Acosta Solis, Director of the Ecuadorian Institute of Natural 
Sciences, of Quito, Ecuador, and Dr. Rainer Zangerl, the Museum's 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles. Mr. Howe gave a collection of color 
slides and photographs; Dr. Zangerl, geological and zoological speci- 
mens and a collection of microscope slides. A complete list of gifts of 
materials from individuals and from institutions in this country and 
other countries appears elsewhere in this Report. Some of the 
collections are described under the headings of the departments to 
which they have been given. 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

Continuing its normal schedule of circulation for the full year, 
resumed in September, 1946, the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension lent to each Chicago school registered on 
its circuit thirty-four portable Museum exhibits. This schedule 
provides that at all times during the year each school may have, 
for display and study, two such Museum exhibits, which are ex- 
changed every tenth school day. 

The number of Chicago schools on the Harris Extension circuit 
in 1947 passed the five-hundred mark for the first time. With this 
number of schools receiving service, maintenance of the eleven 
hundred cases now available for circulation is of great importance. 
Consequently, the main effort of the year has been to preserve and 
improve the present supply of exhibits. Not only must there be 
enough cases to lend two to each school but also there must be 
replacements for those damaged in circulation and those recalled 
for revision. In addition, a reserve of exhibits must be on hand in 
the Museum to fill special requests for loans. During the year 
repairs were made on 390 cases. Thirteen exhibits were revised, and 
one new exhibit was added. Thirty-three exhibits were damaged 
in circulation throughout the school year. 


The rue anemone exhibit, one of the portable Museum cases that are circulated 
among Chicago schools by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, has been 
revised for many more years of service. This exhibit was first set up in 1928. 

Revision of exhibits may be advisable for a multiplicity of 
reasons: to bring material up to date; to improve the habitat settings; 
to regroup material for clarification of teaching points; to renovate 
dingy or damaged installations; to alter backgrounds in order to 
enhance the attractiveness of the material on display. A new back- 
ground may consist of a flat coat of fresh paint better to accent an 
installation, but more often it is a carefully thought-out and executed 
painting of a habitat scene. 

Inasmuch as Harris Extension exhibits are, for the most part, 
of flora and fauna of the Chicago area, short local trips by staff 
members at various seasons of the year furnish necessary information 
and material for backgrounds and accessories. Several such trips 
were made during the year to collect plant accessories and to take 
kodachromes of natural settings. Staff artists accompanied the 
preparators on some of the trips in order to sketch and to make 
their own color notes for future backgrounds. Specialists in other 


Museum departments co-operated with the Harris Extension on 
field trips and in Museum consultations. The services of John 
Conrad Hansen, Artist in the Department of Geology, were made 
available to the Harris Extension for part of the year. 

During the year there are always many requests by teachers for 
specific material. In some cases the needs of the teachers are met 
by lending appropriate Harris Extension portable exhibits. At 
other times material that can be handled and studied directly by 
students is indicated — insect collections, rock and mineral speci- 
mens, bird and mammal skins, or local Indian material. Twenty- 
three such requests for special loans were filled during the year. 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
for Public School and Children's Lectures 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation continued 
in 1947 its customary presentation of lectures, tours, stories, and 
motion-picture programs for groups of people in the Museum and 
in the schools. Additions to the staff brought the number of lec- 
turers to seven, the largest number in the history of Raymond 
Foundation. A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation 
for the year, with attendance figures, follows: 

Activities within the Museum 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 689 22,261 

Radio follow-up programs 4 337 

Lectures preceding tours 38 3,751 

Special science series 8 771 

Motion picture programs 24 22,129 

Total 763 49,249 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 362 5,847 

Nature Course for camp counselors ... 4 271 

Total 366 6,118 

Extension Activities 

Private schools 8 320 

Miscellaneous schools 1 150 

Chicago public schools 151 52,150 

Total 155 52,620 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,284 107,987 


A school group clusters around the polar-bear exhibit in Hall 16 while a Raymond 
Foundation lecturer tells how animals live among the ice floes in the far north. 

Six new extension lectures were offered to the schools during the 
year: "The Earth Blows Her Top The Story of Volcanoes"; "Read- 
ing the Earth's Diary"; "The Parade of the Insects"; "What the 
Glacier Meant to Chicago"; "Chicago Fossils"; and "Chicago's 
Green Mantle." Special morning programs were held in the Museum 
during May for children of the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades. 
Included in the talks were suggestions for summer nature hobbies. 
Members of the Raymond Foundation staff again conducted the 
classes in the nature-study course given for camp counselors by the 
Museum late in the spring. The course included in its four sessions 
information concerning the natural history of the Chicago region 
and suggestions for integrating nature work with camp activities. 
An illustrated introductory lecture in the Meeting Room now 
precedes the regular Friday guide-lecture tour of the exhibition 
halls, a new feature that was begun in September. 

For the first time since prewar years it has been possible for 
rural schools to charter trains and take educational trips. Three 
large groups, of approximately one thousand children each, from 
rural schools in Michigan and Wisconsin visited the Museum in 
the spring. Large groups from the National Congress of 4-H Clubs 
(285 boys and 567 girls) paid their annual visit in December. 



Lecture Programs for Adults 

As in former years, spring and autumn series of illustrated lectures 
for adults were presented in the James Simpson Theatre on Saturday 
afternoons during March, April, October, and November. The 
lectures in these annual series are nontechnical and are usually given 
by men prominent in exploration and research. Total attendance 
in 1947 was 15,136 persons, of whom 8,796 attended the spring series 
and 6,340 the autumn series. 

The Layman Lecturer 

In 1947, after ten years, Paul G. Dallwig, our volunteer lecturer, 
brought to an end, at least for the time being, his series of Sunday 
lectures at the Museum. During his last season, Mr. Dallwig had 
inaugurated a series of Sunday morning lectures in addition to his 
Sunday afternoon series. It is interesting to note that the average 
morning attendance amounted to only sixty, while the average after- 
noon attendance was 110 persons. At the twenty-six lectures given 
in January, March, and April, a total of 2,211 persons was present. 
During the ten years of his exceptional volunteer lecture service 
for the Museum, Mr. Dallwig addressed a total of 33,127 persons. 
Plans for future lectures are being held in abeyance, since the 
demands of business affairs on Mr. Dallwig's time have temporarily 
crowded out of his schedule all possibility of Sunday lecturing. 
Museum authorities are indeed grateful for his service, and they 
look forward to the time when his Sunday lectures may be resumed. 


The total number of visitors at the Museum in 1947 was 1,183,308, 
which was 104,128 less than the attendance of 1946 and 102,630 
more than that of 1945. Of the total number of visitors for the year, 
1,045,628 were admitted without charge because they came on free 
admission days or belonged to classifications admitted free on all 
days — school children, students, teachers, members of the armed 
forces of the United Nations, and Members of this Museum. (For 
comparative attendance statistics and door receipts for 1946 and 
1947, see page 91.) However, the influence of the Museum cannot 
be measured by the number of people who enter the Museum 
building. Hundreds of thousands of people are reached each year 
by the Museum through its publications, the extension lectures of 
the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, and the 
traveling exhibits of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. 


special Exhibits 

A special exhibit from the collection of Guatemalan textiles presented 
to the Museum by Miss Florence Dibell Bartlett was held in Stanley 
Field Hall during November and December. The exhibit combined 
flat display with a showing of complete costumes draped on stylized 
manikins that are part of the Bartlett Collection. Other special 
exhibits in the Museum during the year were the Second Chicago 
International Exhibition of Nature Photography, held under the 
auspices of the Museum and the Nature Camera Club of Chicago; 
a collection of bird photographs taken by the Reverend John W. 
Baechle, of St. Joseph's College, Collegeville, Indiana; and "Peiping," 
a series of photographs sponsored by Life magazine. Additions to 
the permanent exhibits of the Museum are described in this Report 
under the headings of the scientific departments. 

Co-operation with Other Institutions 

At all times the Museum embraces opportunities to co-operate with 
other educational and research institutions in accomplishing their 
common objectives. As in past years, the extensive research collec- 
tions of the Museum and its laboratory facilities were made available 
to scientists of other institutions, and staff members of many other 
museums were trained in museum work by members of our staff. 
Through the interlibrary loan system the Library of the Museum 
continued to make available to other institutions the resources of 
our outstanding collection of scientific writings. The Museum con- 
tinued its co-operative educational arrangements with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, Northwestern University, Antioch College, and 
the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 

For many years the School of the Art Institute of Chicago has 
sent students, both adult and junior classes, to the Museum to 
study and to sketch in the exhibition halls. They come throughout 
the year, on Saturdays and on weekdays. Saturdays are always 
particularly busy, for then most of the junior classes meet. The 
junior classes also use the Museum consistently in the summer 
session, when certain classes meet at the Museum five days a week. 
Many Museum visitors have been impressed with the earnestness 
of these students as they work quietly in the halls with only occa- 
sional supervision by their instructors. The results of this type of 
classwork are amazing. Striking and original designs, paintings, 
drawings, and ceramic objects are often produced from ideas gained 
at the Museum. Definite figures on the number of art students 
using the Museum cannot be given because many students, especially 



the members of the adult classes, come again and again on their 
own initiative and time. However, it is estimated that between 
three hundred and five hundred adult-class students and approxi- 
mately twenty-five hundred junior-class students made use of the 
Museum exhibits in 1947. 

The co-operative relationship established between this Museum 
and Antioch College, of Yellow Springs, Ohio, in 1946, whereby 
members of the student body of Antioch College are temporarily 
employed by the Museum for certain periods during the year was 
continued successfully during 1947. This plan was undertaken in 
co-operation with the educational program of Antioch College, which 
provides that students alternate periods of study on the college 
campus with periods of work, for pay, in business or industry to 
gain practical experience. The plan brought to the Museum during 
the year, in successive groups, a total of sixteen young men and 
women who were variously employed in the scientific departments, 
the Library, and the administrative offices. 

The course in muscology given in co-operation with the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology of the University of Chicago was continued, 
classes being held at the Museum for two entire days each week 
throughout the school year. Classes in physical anthropology of the 
University of Chicago held several meetings at the Museum, and 
Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, conducted a 
course in anthropology at the University of Chicago. During the 
year, Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, 
and George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits in Anthropology, gave 
lectures in their several fields at the University of Chicago. In 
September, Chief Curator Martin lectured on the Mogollon problem 
before a graduate seminar in anthropology at the University of 
Arizona, Tucson. 

Various classes in botany of the University of Chicago, North- 
western University, School of Pharmacy of the University of Illinois, 
and Indiana State Teachers College and units of the U. S. Fifth 
Army visited the Department of Botany on several occasions for 
study and lectures. Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, 
and Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, both 
research associates in botany at Northwestern University, supervised 
studies of students of botany sent to the Museum by Northwestern 
University. Dr. Just and Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic 
Botany, spoke before seminars at Northwestern University and at 
Iowa State College, Ames, respectively. 


Guatemalan Indian costumes, part of the col- 
lection of Guatemalan textiles presented to 
the Museum by Miss Florence Dibell Bartlett, 
of Chicago, were displayed on carved mahog- 
any manikins in a special exhibit in Stanley 
Field Hall during November and December. 
The two shown are women's costumes from 
Quezaltenango and Almalonga, Guatemala. 


As in former years, advanced courses in vertebrate paleontology 
offered by the University of Chicago were conducted in the Museum 
by Dr. Everett C. Olson, Associate Professor of \'ertebrate Paleon- 
tology, Department of Geology, University of Chicago, and Research 
Associate in Fossil Vertebrates at the Museum. Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 
Mammals, who are faculty lecturers in geology at the University 
of Chicago, participated in the instruction. As his contribution to 
a discussion of current research, Robert Kriss Wyant, Assistant 
Curator of Economic Geology, gave a lecture in the Department 
of Geology at the University of Chicago on the chert bodies of 
southwestern Illinois and the commercial tripoli deposits located 
there. Dr. Olson and Curator Patterson took part in seminars at 
Northwestern University. 

The zoology halls and laboratories of the Museum were drawn 
upon for regular class use by the University of Chicago, as in pre- 
vious years. The Division of Vertebrate Anatomy assisted with 
lectures and demonstrations in furtherance of the Museum's active 
co-operation with the University of Chicago in vertebrate paleon- 
tology and, in addition, arranged an intensive laboratory course 
on the anatomy of the vertebrate head. This course was offered 
by the Museum in the spring and, since dissection as well as class- 
room work was involved, the facilities and laboratory of the Division 
of Anatomy were made available. A class in mammalogy from the 
University of Wisconsin visited the Museum in December and was 
conducted through the collection ranges on the third floor. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, continued as lecturer in the 
Department of Zoology at the University of Chicago. He also con- 
ducted a seminar session at Northwestern University and, in March, 
lectured at Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

Carl W. Hintz, Librarian, taught one part of a course in the 
Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago during the 
winter quarter. 

Continued use was made of the research collections and laboratory 
facilities of the Museum by scientists from other institutions. Dr. 
Robert F. Gray, of the University of Chicago, and Dr. Knut Kolsrud, 
of Oslo University, Norway, jointly studied the morphology and 
measurements of the skulls of Ambrym in the collections of the 
Department of Anthropology, Dr. Gray studied the teeth and diets 
of African and Melanesian Negroes in preparation for field work in 
the Pacific islands, and Dr. R. C. Thometz, of Loyola University, 
was concerned with special problems in the eruption and growth 


of human teeth. Dr. Maxwell S. Doty, of Northwestern Uni- 
versity, identified numerous marine algae in the collections of the 
Department of Botany and continued his work on a monograph of 
the Clavariaceae, and Dr. Frances Wjmne Hillier, of the University 
of Chicago, continued her research on the Amblystegiaceae. Begin- 
ning in September, Dr. E. L. Du Bruh, Department of Maxillofacial 
Surgery, College of Dentistry of the University of Illinois, spent one 
afternoon a week in the dissecting room of the Division of Vertebrate 
Anatomy studying the mandibular articulation of rodents. In 
January, and again in June, Dr. C. 0. Bechtol, of Oakland, Cali- 
fornia, worked for several days on problems connected with ortho- 
pedic studies being conducted in San Francisco. Henry Wickers, 
of the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, spent two 
weeks at the Museum studying museum techniques in the prepara- 
tion and storage of specimens. 

A number of students, enrolled in the University of Chicago 
and Northwestern University, carried on special studies in the 
Museum under the supervision of members of the scientific staff. 
Miss Ruth Marzano, University of Chicago Museum Fellow, studied 
the physical anthropology of American Indians as revealed by skeletal 
remains in the Museum collections. Kenneth Webster, graduate 
student in anthropology at the University of Chicago, during the 
year completed a statistical inquiry into racial elements in skulls 
of the Philippine Islands, which was accepted as his master's thesis; 
Miss Grace E. Scharf, graduate student in botany at Northwestern 
University, continued her study of the Microsporaceae; and Roy H. 
Reinhart, graduate student in geology at the University of Chicago, 
prepared a paper on Pliocene .sea cows from material in the Museum's 
collections. Robert F. Inger, Walter L. Necker, and William J. 
Beecher, of the University of Chicago, continued studies at the 
Museum in the Department of Zoology. Three students from 
foreign countries worked in the Museum's laboratories during the 
year to prepare themselves for museum work: Ram Singh, of the 
Natural History Museum at Georgetown, British Guiana, Moawad 
Mohsen, of the Cairo Museum, Egypt, and Celestino Kalinowski, 
of Cuzco, Peru. 

The proximity of Roosevelt College to the Museum has occasioned 
the frequent use of Museum exhibits by students of that institution, 
particularly by those in the physical sciences, for whom a special 
register of attendance is kept by the Museum. 

In co-operation with the University of Chicago's program of 
studying the distribution of elements in the solar system, the Depart- 


Students from the Art Institute of Chicago sketch in the Museum's exhibition halls. 

ment of Geology gave several specimens of meteorites to the uni- 
versity's Institute of Nuclear Studies. Past analyses of meteorites 
have furnished us the knowledge of the abundance of the elements 
in their composition, but the radioactive tracer methods and mass 
spectometric determinations employed at the Institute will yield 
information on the cosmic distribution of the isotopes as well. In 
the light of the recent discoveries of the fissionability of the heaviest 
atoms, studies on the meteorite samples and others may also furnish 
important information on the genesis of the elements themselves. 
The Department of Geology also gave to the university some speci- 
mens of shells from well-studied beds in the Tertiary for analysis 
 of the isotopes of carbon and oxygen in their limy structure, as part 
of a study that is hoped to reveal both the actual calendar age (in 
3^ears) and the temperature of the water in which they lived. The 
study of the temperature of ancient seas is of great scientific interest 
as a means of matching marine faunas with contemporary land 
faunas that lived during known advances and retreats of the ice 
during the last Ice Age. 

During 1947, the entire phanerogamic herbarium of North- 
western University was transferred to the Museum. This collection, 
consisting of some fifteen thousand specimens, contains valuable 
material from India and Europe as well as historically important 


specimens collected in the Chicago area and throughout the United 
States. The main collection contained in it is the Henry Babcock 
Herbarium. The entire cryptogamic herbarium of Northwestern 
University was incorporated into the Herbarium of the Museum in 
1946. The magnificent gift to the Museum from the University of 
Chicago of its collection of fossil vertebrates is described on page 62. 


After long and meritorious service, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, a member 
of the Department of Botany since 1909 and its head since 1924, 
retired on January 1, 1947. Dr. Dahlgren has continued his associa- 
tion with the Museum as Curator Emeritus of Botany. Dr. Theodor 
Just, Associate Curator of Botany, was elected Chief Curator to 
succeed Dr. Dahlgren. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Wood Tech- 
nology, who returned to the Museum early in the year after an 
extended leave of absence in Mexico and the West Indies, resigned 
on December 31 to accept a position in research with a commercial 
organization. Dr. Harry K. Phinney, Assistant Curator of Crypto- 
gamic Botany, resigned in July to accept an assistant professorship 
in botany at Oregon State College, Corvallis. 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, formerly a staff member of the Botanical 
Museum of Harvard University, was appointed Curator of Economic 
Botany, and Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, former professor of botany and 
director of the Botanical Garden of Madrid, Spain, was appointed 
Curator of Colombian Botany. Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, was 
made Curator of Exhibits, and J. S. Daston, Assistant in Economic 
Collections, was transferred to Assistant in Botany. Frank Boryca 
and Samuel H. Grove, Jr., were appointed Assistants in Plant 
Reproduction, and Harold Hinshaw was appointed Assistant in 
the Herbarium. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Acting Chief Curator of the Department of 
Geology, was elected Chief Curator, effective on January 1, 1947, 
and Harry E. Changnon, Assistant in Geology since 1938, was made 
Assistant Curator of Geology. In September, Robert Kriss Wyant, 
geologist and production chemist, began his duties at the Museum 
as Assistant Curator of Economic Geology. Orville L. Gilpin, 
Preparator, was appointed Chief Preparator of Fossils to take the 
place of James H. Quinn, resigned. Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, 
who have been working in Paleobotany as volunteers for the past 
two years, were appointed Associates in Paleobotany, and George 
Langford, a volunteer in Paleobotany for the past year, was appointed 
Assistant in Paleobotany. Joanne Neher was appointed De- 


partmental Secretary, to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement 
of Miss Frances Foley. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, formerly of the National ]\Iuseum of Canada, 
was appointed Curator of Birds, Department of Zoology, to replace 
Rudyerd Boulton, who became Research Associate in the Division 
of Birds upon his resignation in 1946. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant 
Curator of Birds, was made Associate Curator of Birds. Philip 
Hershkovitz, recent holder of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling 
Scholarship of the Smithsonian Institution, joined the staff in March 
as Assistant Curator of Mammals. Loren P. Woods, who was 
promoted from Assistant Curator of Fishes to Curator of Fishes, 
continued on leave of absence at the United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C. During the absence of Curator Woods, John W. 
Winn, as Assistant and then as Assistant Curator, has been in 
charge of the Division of Fishes. Upon his return from the Philip- 
pines Zoological Expedition, 1946 47, Harry Hoogstraal was ap- 
pointed Assistant Curator of Insects. Miss Margaret Bradbury was 

Left: A school group meets its 
guide-lecturer at the main 
(north) entrance of Museum. 
Right: An elementary school 
class is having a pre-tour dis' 
cussion on Indian baskets and 
pottery. Raymond Founda- 
tion guides are demonstrating 
with color slides and objects. 


appointed Artist in the Department of Zoology, to take the place of 
Mrs. Peggy Collings Brown, resigned. Kenneth Woehlck was added 
to the taxidermy staff in October for the active program of exhibition 
in the Division of Birds. 

Dr. C. Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and 
Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology, resigned in May to 
accept a position on the faculty of Columbia University, New York. 
Dr. Wilbur, who became a staff member in 1936, had been on leave 
of absence since April, 1943. William J. Beecher, Preparator, 
resigned from the staff of the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension. 

Two new members were appointed to the lecture staff of the James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, Miss Harriet Smith 
and Miss Jane Ann Sharpe, and one member. Miss Roberta Caldwell, 
resigned. Mrs. Meta P. Howell, formerly of the library of the 
Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, was appointed Assistant 
Librarian, and Miss Dawn Davey and Miss Ruth Debus were 
assigned to the Library as assistants. Mrs. Helen A. MacMinn, 
Assistant to the Associate Editor of Scientific Publications, was 


appointed Associate Editor of Miscellaneous Publications. William 
A. Bender joined the Museum staff in February as Assistant Auditor. 
James R. Shouba, Assistant to the General Superintendent since 
1939, was made Superintendent of Maintenance. 

Two Research Associates were appointed. Research appoint- 
ments, based upon scientific achievement, are honorary. Dr. Ernst 
Antevs, distinguished glacial geologist and climatologist, was ap- 
pointed Research Associate in Glacial Geology, Department of 
Geology. Dr. Antevs has rendered invaluable assistance to our 
anthropological expeditions in the Southwest. In recognition of his 
outstanding work on amphibians and reptiles of China and of his long- 
continued association with this Museum, Dr. Ch'eng-chao Liu, 
Professor of Zoology at West China Union University, Chengtu, 
China, was appointed Research Associate in the Division of Reptiles, 
Department of Zoology. 

After forty-eight years of service, C. H. Carpenter, Chief of the 
Division of Photography, retired from the staff on December 31. 
E. S. Abbey, Captain of the Guard, who came to the Museum as a 
guard in 1905 and served as head of the guard organization since 
1924, also retired from the service of the Museum on December 31. 
Anthony T. Mazur, sheetmetal worker, employed by the Museum 
since 1926, retired at the end of the year because of poor health. 
The Museum expresses its appreciation to these three faithful em- 
ployees for their long years of service and extends to them its sincere 
best wishes in their retirement. 

It is with regret that I record the death on January 8, 1947, of 
Frank Franciskovich, a Museum pensioner, who was a member of 
the maintenance personnel for many years before his retirement. 

Volunteer Workers 

Grateful acknowledgment of invaluable services is made by the 
Museum to the many faithful volunteer workers who, without com- 
pensation, have contributed time and effort in the interests of the 
Museum and of science. Names of some of these volunteer workers 
are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this Report, 
where they are distinguished from salaried workers by the titles 
"Research Associate," "Associate," and, in one case, "Layman 
Lecturer." Others, not in that list, are: Department of Anthropology — 
Miss Catherine Hinckle and Dr. Knut Kolsrud; Department of 
Botany — John Dreeland, Dr. George D. Fuller, Dr. Herbert Habeeb, 
Dr. Frances Wynne Hillier, Mrs. Mary Just, Harold B. Louderback, 


Mrs. Catherine M. Richards, Donald Richards, and Dr. Joseph 
Rubinstein; and Department of Zoology — Professor Bernard Green- 
berg, Miss Judith Gregory, Mrs. Dorothy S. Helmer, Paul Hum- 
phreys, William Kellogg, Vernon Lynn, Miss Constance Peck, Miss 
Mary Weaver, and Wade Whitman. Professor Misael Acosta Solis, 
Director of the Ecuadorian Institute of Natural Sciences, Quito, 
Ecuador, one of the foremost scientists of Ecuador, spent two 
periods at the Museum during the year writing labels for the collec- 
tion of Ecuadorian plants that he gave to the Museum. 


Eleven expeditions and four field trips were sent out by the Museum 
in 1947. Work in the field is described under the departmental 
headings in this Report. Expeditions and field trips of 1947 were 
as follows: 

Department of Anthropology — Ethnological Expedition to 
Micronesia — Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, 
in charge; Southwest Archaeological Expedition — Dr. Paul S. Martin, 
Chief Curator, in charge. 

Department of Botany: Botanical Expedition to Cuba — Dr. 
B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus, in charge; Botanical Expedition 
to Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador, 19I(.6-U7 — Paul C. Standley, 
Curator of the Herbarium, in charge. 

Department of Geology: Colorado Paleontological Expedition — 
Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, in charge; Eastern 
States Geological Expedition — Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, in 
charge; Field Trip to Alabama — William D. Turnbull, Preparator, 
in charge; Field Trip to the Washakie Basin in Wyoming — Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, in charge. 

Department of Zoology: Bermuda Zoological Expedition — Dr. 
Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, in charge; Palau 
Entomological Expedition — Henry S. Dybas, Assistant Curator of 
Insects, in charge; Philippines Zoological Expedition, 194-6-4.7 — 
Harry Hoogstraal, Assistant Curator of Insects, in charge; The Mr. 
and Mrs. William S. Street Zoological Expedition to Alaska — Mr. and 
Mrs. Street in charge, assisted by C. J. Albrecht; Trinidad Zoo- 
logical Expedition — Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist, in charge; 
Arkansas Zoological Field Trip — Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of 
Mammals, in charge; New Mexico Zoological Field Trip — Clifford H. 
Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, in charge. 


Department of Anthropology 

The Department of Anthropology deals with many phases of human 
life — all races of mankind in all ages, prehistoric and modern — and 
with the cultures that man has evolved over many hundreds of 
thousands of years. In order to make the subject of anthropology 
more intelligible to the public and hence to bring anthropology as 
a scientific discipline into closer relation with the main streams of 
modern life, the Department has continued its program of research 
and experimentation in exhibition techniques — many museums over 
the world are benefitting by and are using the techniques developed 
by this Museum. The final stages in the rearrangements of the large 
storage collections of the Department, undertaken to make the 
collections accessible to students and to the public, will be com- 
pleted in a year or so. Work has been proceeding for several years 
on an all-inclusive subject index to the collections. 

Research and Expeditions 

From April to September, archaeological investigations were con- 
ducted in western New Mexico under the leadership of Dr. Paul S. 
Martin, Chief Curator. The work of the Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition, 1947, was carried on in the Apache National Forest in 
a valley between the San Francisco and Saliz mountains that has 
been named "Pine Lawn Valley." Excavations in the Forest were 
continued this season under a permit issued to Chicago Natural 
History Museum by the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture. 

The 1947 investigations had two phases: an extensive archaeo- 
logical survey and intensive digging at several sites. The purposes 
of the survey were two-fold: (1) to hunt for non-pottery sites that 
would yield information concerning early man in America and the 
ancestral relationships of the Mogollon culture in Pine Lawn Valley 
and (2) to search for pottery sites in order to establish a complete 
typological sequence. 

The survey was carried on for seven weeks by Dr. John B. 
Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, who covered more than a hundred 
square miles and discovered more than a hundred sites. E. B. Sayles, 
of the Arizona State Museum, Tucson, Arizona, joined Dr. Rinaldo 
for ten days and directed the search for non-pottery sites. The 
second phase of the investigations, intensive excavation at several 
sites, was supervised by George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits in 
the Department of Anthropology. He was assisted by Dr. Rinaldo, 


Dr. Ernst Antevs, Research Associate in Glacial Geology, and 
three students, Miss Mary Allee, W. T. Egan, and Leonard G. 
Johnson, and by five local laborers. During the course of the season 
eleven pit-houses and six surface rooms were excavated, mapped, 
and photographed. Stone tools from all horizons, bone tools, whole 
pots, potsherds, and three skeletons were recovered. 

Much sifting and weighing of evidence still needs to be done in 
our laboratories, and the total results of the expedition will be 
published later by the Museum Press. Certain aspects of the work, 
however, can now be reported. 

The work shows that the region under study has been occupied 
more or less continuously for about six thousand years. Pine Lawn 
Basin was first settled about six thousand years ago by Indians who 
had no knowledge of pottery or agriculture. We call these early 
settlers "Cochise." They were the ancestors of the Mogollon Indians. 
The particular objects found are assigned to a stage of culture called 
"Chiricahua." It is probable that the Cochise people wandered into 
the Pine Lawn Basin from southern Arizona in search of water, 

Archaeologists discover grinding stone at ancient camp site in New Mexico deserted 
by Cochise Indians six thousand years ago, Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1947. Left to right: Dr. Ernst Antevs, Research Associate in Glacial Geology; Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology; and E. B. Sayles, of Arizona State Museum. 


because the Southwest was undergoing a severe drought about six 
thousand years ago. What was actually found in evidence of a 
Cochise settlement consists of stone tools buried along an ancient 
stream bed at a depth ranging from three to six feet. Apparently 
a spring furnished water for this stream, a spring that is still flowing 
today. No houses or firepits were found. This is the farthest north 
and at the greatest altitude (about 7,000 feet) that Cochise materials 
have ever been discovered in New Mexico. 

The next point of time in this long period of continuing occupa- 
tion in the Pine Lawn Basin occurs about A.D. 500, when a Mogollon 
culture flourished that we call the "Pine Lawn." Briefly, the Pine 
Lawn people lived on high mesas in crude, shallow pit-houses, used 
stone tools much like those of the Cochise people, made pottery, 
and practiced agriculture — the last two are important because they 
are accretions or borrowings from a more advanced group that may 
have lived in adjacent Mexico. 

Then about the year A.D. 900 another civilization developed in 
the area and this is called "Three Circle." The Three Circle people 
also lived in pit-houses, but their tools of stone were somewhat 
better than those of the Pine Lawn Period and their pottery was 
superior in that it was handsomely decorated. A little later (about 
A.D. 1000) a different group of Indians came into the Pine Lawn 
Basin. It seems likely that they came from north of our area, from 
near what is now Gallup, New Mexico. We call their culture the 
"Reserve" culture and it differed in some respects from the others 
listed above. Stone-walled surface houses containing eight to ten 
rooms were erected. These contrasted sharply with the pit-houses 
of former times. The pottery and tools of stone were likewise 
different from those of preceding periods. 

Thus, during the summer we discovered that the Pine Lawn 
Basin has been occupied more or less continuously for about six 
thousand years. Our work has briefly illuminated four new scenes 
in this long span of time. Our future work will be directed toward 
gaining more knowledge of the history of the area. The results of 
the survey show that there are other civilizations remaining to be 
studied. We desire to fill in as many gaps as possible so that students 
will have at their disposal finally a series of studies that will touch 
upon every major time-period for Pine Lawn Basin. 

John W. Moyer, staff cinematographer, spent two weeks at Dr. 
Martin's camp in New Mexico making a documentary film in color 
of all stages of the excavations. The scenes that he took were 
combined with some laboratory "shots" taken in the Museum to 


This miniature model of an underground ceremonial chamber (kiva) about A.D. 1200, 
by Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, is part of the new exhibit in Hall B on the history 
of Pueblo Indian life in tlie southwestern United States as revealed by archaeology. 

produce a color motion picture titled "Archaeologists in Action." 
This film was shown to the public in the James Simpson Theatre 
of the Museum in November by Dr. Martin, who lectured on the 
sumimer's work as the scenes unrolled. 

During the year Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African 
Ethnology, has worked on a "Bibliography of African Anthropology" 
comprising several thousand titles that cover a wide range of eth- 
nology, archaeology, and physical anthropology for the decade 
1937-47. Dr. Hambly's Source Book for African Anthropology 
(Museum Press, 2 vols., 1937) has long been out of print. The 
Source Book has proved popular with students and teachers, and the 
bibliography now under compilation will serve to bring it up to date. 
In February the Museum Press issued Dr. Hambly's work. Cranial 
Capacities, A Study in Methods. This research makes a detailed 
comparison of skulls of all races, including 429 Melanesian skulls 
in the Museum collection. 

Research has progressed in craniometry, and a large monograph, 
"Deformed Skulls of Malekula," has made substantial progress. 
Thirty photographs of Melanesian and Polynesian skulls have been 
made for illustrating future publications describing the valuable 
collections of crania in the Department of Anthropology. 


During the year Donald Collier, Curator of South American 
Ethnology and Archaeology, carried out research on the ancient 
Mexicans and the Mayas, in connection with two exhibits prepared 
for the Hall of New World Archaeology (Hall B), and on Guatemalan 
weaving, in order to prepare the special exhibition of the Bartlett 
Collection of Guatemalan textiles. Completion of his report on his 
excavations in Peru in 1946 was prevented by a delay in receiving 
his collection from Peru, which is expected to reach the Museum 
early in 1948. In the absence of the collection, the classification of 
the material, a good part of which was carried out in the field, 
could not be finished. However, certain tentative conclusions were 
reached as a result of the tabulation and statistical manipulation 
of the sherd classification and counts- run in the field on the twenty- 
five thousand pot sherds recovered from the stratigraphic excava- 
tions. One of these conclusions is that there was a continuous 
evolution without break in the forms and character of domestic 
pottery, as distinguished from ceremonial grave wares, over a period 
of fifteen hundred years in the Viru Valley, from the earliest pottery 
horizon until the Inca conquest of the valley. This suggests a stable 
population and greater historical continuity than was heretofore 
suspected. A second conclusion is that Inca rule affected very little 
the everyday lives and habits of the inhabitants of the Viru Valley. 
The archaeological evidence here confirms what we know historically 
of the Inca methods of conquest and rule and also the traditional 
date for the Inca conquest of this part of the Peruvian coast. 

During the first four months of the year Dr. Rinaldo collaborated 
with Dr. Martin in writing the introductory sections of the report 
on the third season's work at the SU site in western New Mexico, 
published by the Museum Press in June. He also prepared a chart 
showing percentages of pottery types and other illustrations for this 
report. From time to time he assisted in the planning and prepara- 
tion of exhibits for the Hall of New World Archaeology (Hall B), 
In connection with the completion of one of these exhibits, "High- 
lights of Prehistoric Pueblo Life," Dr. Rinaldo wrote an article for 
the Museum Bulletin on this subject. He also continued research 
on and cataloguing of the extensive Herzfeld collection of Persian 
antiquities. After his return from the field in the fall he prepared 
a detailed report of the 1947 archaeological survey and the artifacts 
recovered from the oldest known site, the Wet Leggett site, which 
was occupied by Indians before they acquired the use of pottery. 
In addition, he prepared charts showing the development of pottery 
types in the Pine Lawn Valley area of western New Mexico. 


The Ethnological Expedition to Micronesia, 1947, conducted a study of the social, 
political, and economic structure of the principal village on Majuro Atoll in the 
Marshall Islands. Left: native thatch house; right: Marshallese man making fish trap. 


Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, left in 
March for ethnological field work in Micronesia. The Museum has 
a long-standing interest in the study of the peoples of the Pacific 
area. In past years, the Museum has sent ethnological expeditions 
to the great island areas of Malaysia and Melanesia. The Ethno- 
logical Expedition to Micronesia, 1947, marked the resumption of 
field work by the Museum among the Pacific islanders and is the 
first that the Museum has conducted in the Micronesian area. 

The expedition to Micronesia was also an example of successful 
co-operation among a number of major institutions working on a 
large program of scientific research. Dr. Spoehr's field work was 
conducted in the Marshall Islands and formed part of a more in- 
clusive project for the study of the Micronesian peoples as a whole. 
This larger program has been designated the Co-ordinated Investiga- 
tion of Micronesian Anthropology. The co-ordinating agency has 
been the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council, 
with the active co-operation and support of the Navy Department. 
The Museum and other major scientific institutions have carried on 
the actual field work in this program, which was initiated in order 
to meet the pressing need for accurate data regarding the peoples 
of Micronesia. The information obtained relates both to theoretical 
problems in the anthropology of Micronesia as well as to immediate 
practical problems of American administration in the area. 


Dr. Spoehr's work in the Marshall Islands was concentrated at 
one atoll, Majiiro. The plan of the work called for the selection of 
a single type community and its subsequent careful examination 
in order to ascertain the present social, political, and economic 
structure of such a community. The Marshallese village on Majuro 
was chosen for study, and Dr. Spoehr lived in the village for three 
and one-half months. During this period, he collected data concern- 
ing family and household organization; kinship, lineage, and clan 
groups; the class structure; the economic and political system; the 
relation to village life of introduced institutions such as church, 
dispensary, and school; and associated aspects of native culture. 
The Marshallese are a partly acculturated people who have combined 
their native culture with borrowings from the western nations and 
from Japan. The data obtained at Majuro bear directly on problems 
of culture contact and change, on the ethnological relations of the 
Marshalls to other Pacific island groups, and on the comparative 
study of native peoples. 

In July, Dr. Spoehr left Majuro for a brief visit to Guam and 
then returned directly to the continental United States. During 
the remainder of the year, he devoted himself to writing up the 
results of the field research for publication. The Museum Press, in 
January, published Dr. Spoehr's Changing Kinship Systems, a study 
of culture change among Indians of the southeastern United States. 

This example of Indian hand weaving, a woman's blouse from San Juan Sacatepequez, 
Guatemala, is from the Florence Dibell Bartlett Collection of Guatemalan textiles. 



w .If* «JS iJ^ 

,^it#*'l»*** ^ ^ ^ iff ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^;^ 


From June to September Curator Quimby supervised excavations 
for the Museum's Southwest Archaeological Expedition. In addition 
to research for the purpose of preparation of exhibits for the Hall 
of New World Archaeology (Hall B), he continued research on the 
archaeology of the Aleutian Islands and on the ethnology of the 
Northwest Coast during the period from 1775 to 1800. Curator 
Quimby tentatively concluded that the long cultural continuum in 
the Aleutian Islands can be divided into three recognizable periods. 

Accessions — Anthropology 

During the year the Museum was fortunate to receive two superb 
collections of Guatemalan Indian textiles, containing 126 and 36 
specimens, respectively, from Miss Florence Dibell Bartlett and Mrs. 
Alice H. Gregory, both of Chicago. The Museum now possesses 
one of the finest collections of Guatemalan weaving in the United 
States, containing approximately 250 specimens from thirty different 
Indian villages. This wide range of provenance is important, since 
the costumes of each village are distinctive. 

Exhibits — Anthropology 

Six new exhibits were completed in the Department of Anthropology, 
under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby, with the assist- 
ance of Artist Gustaf Dalstrom, Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, 
Ceramic Restorer John Pletinckx, and other members of the Depart- 
ment. The new exhibits, on display in the Hall of Archaeology of 
the New World (Hall B), are as follows: "Southern Hunters" (about 
A.D. 500-900); "Some Highlights of Pueblo Life" (about a.d. 500- 
1700); "Temple and Market in Ancient Mexican Life" (a.d. 700- 
1500); "Maya Artists and Architects" (A.D. 300-1400); "Folsom 
Indians" (five to ten thousand years ago); and "Cochise Indians" 
(13,000-500 B.C.). 

Of special interest in the exhibit "Temple and Market in Ancient 
Mexican Life" is a painted reconstruction of a market scene, executed 
by Artist Dalstrom. The scene is based on Aztec drawings in the 
Codex Florentino. The four photo-murals that flank the map in 
the exhibit "Maya Artists and Architects" were made from negatives 
lent by the Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. The photo- 
graphs show actual Maya buildings and reconstructions of Maya 
cities. Dioramist Rowell continued work on the Maya diorama, 
which will be finished and placed in Hall B in 1948. It represents 
a portion of the ancient city of Chichen Itza, Yucatan. 


Department of Botany 

Plants and plant life may be studied in various ways, either in the 
field, the garden, or the laboratory, the plants as such or their useful 
products, or their remarkable properties and functions. Prerequisite 
is always a thorough knowledge of the plants themselves, gained 
through extensive and intensive collecting in their native habitats 
or under cultivation and expressed in careful descriptions and ac- 
curate drawings. Special opportunities are offered by the rich floras 
of the tropical regions of the world that are still imperfectly known. 
Constantly, new expeditions are sent to these and other interesting 
areas for the purpose of collecting plants and plant products to be 
added to the Museum's study collections or used as models for new 
exhibits. As a result, the Department's collections rank among the 
finest in the world, particularly those of the plants of the tropical 
areas of the western hemisphere, while its exhibits are exemplary 
in the development and use of techniques employed and in the un- 
paralleled range of objects displayed. 

Research and Expeditions 

In November, 1946, Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, 
left Chicago on a botanical expedition to middle Central America, 
from which he returned early in September, 1947. The object of 
the expedition was to obtain herbarium material from El Salvador, 
Honduras, and Nicaragua, the three Central American countries 
that have not been covered by published floras and cannot be until 
their vegetation has been investigated more thoroughly. 

Headquarters for the expedition's work were provided at the 
Escuela Agricola Panamericana near Tegucigalpa, Honduras, through 
the generous co-operation of Dr. Wilson Popenoe, director of the 
school, and Dr. Louis 0. Williams, in charge of the botanical work 
of the institution. The region to be explored is a vast one, three 
times as large as Illinois, so that only scattered localities of small area 
can be covered in a single season. 

Two months were spent in the smallest of the countries. El 
Salvador, where somewhat intensive collections were made in three 
selected and separated areas. In Honduras, most time was spent 
in the pine-oak forest region, especially about the Escuela Agricola 
at El Zamorano, and around Siguatepeque in the mountains of the 
Department of Comayagua. Extensive collections were gathered 
in the Valley of Comayagua, an arid region with a great abundance 


Curator of the Herbarium Paul C. Standley works on the collection of phanerogams. 

of cacti and other plants characteristic of the semi-deserts of Central 
America. Later considerable work was done in the rain forest and 
other formations of the northern coast of Honduras. 

The most interesting collections gathered by this expedition are 
those from Nicaragua, a country whose flora has been generally 
neglected during the past eighty or more years. Headquarters for 
the Nicaraguan work were supplied most generously by the Brothers 
of the Christian Schools in the Instituto Pedagogico de Varones of 
Managua, through Brother Antonio Garnier, leading botanist of 
Nicaragua. Collections of plants were made in the Sierra de 
Managua; in the vicinity of La Libertad in the Department of 
Chontales, near the place that Thomas Belt wrote his classic work, 
The Naturalist in Nicaragua; about Juigalpa, capital of Chontales; 
in the valley of Jinotega in the area called Las Segovias, one of the 
most delightful and beautiful localities of all Central America; and 
finally around Chichigalpa in the Department of Chinandega, in 
the Pacific lowlands, and at the port of Corinto. The work about 
Chichigalpa, where the climate at best is unpleasantly hot, was less 
profitable because of a continental shower of "ashes" (really black 


Left: The Curator Emeritus of Botany, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, examines at close range 
one of the smaller savanna palms of Cuba. Right: A seven-foot length of this Cuban 
barrel palm, collected by Dr. Dahlgren, is now on exhibit in Case 29 of Hall 25. 

sand) from the recently erupted volcano of Cerro Negro and an 
invasion by clouds of locusts. The expedition was quite successful 
in that both phanerogamic and cryptogamic plants in large quantities 
were obtained from areas not represented before in the Museum's 
Herbarium. It is believed that the collections include a substantial 
number of plants previously unknown to science. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator, continued his revision for 
publication of the manuscript on the Cycadaceae by the late Pro- 
fessor Charles J. Chamberlain, Research Associate in the Depart- 
ment of Botany, and Professor A. W. Haupt, of the University of 
California at Los Angeles. Dr. Just also carried on studies of the 
genera Chenopodium and Gnetum. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus, continued throughout 
the year his extensive studies of American palms. He spent a large 
part of the year in Cuba collecting palms and economic plants for 
the special palm collection and for exhibit purposes. In his field 
work he enjoyed the advantage of the company and collaboration 
of the distinguished Cuban botanist, Brother Leon, of Colegio de 
La Salle. Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, by Dr. Dahlgren, an 


account of the more important tropical and subtropical fruits of 
the Old and New World, was issued in the Popular Series by the 
Museum Press. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
continued determination and study of his collections from Ecuador 
and Venezuela as well as of those made in Venezuela by Llewelyn 
Williams, Curator of Wood Technology. Dr. Steyermark's collec- 
tions from the high, isolated peaks of Venezuela have yielded a 
large number of new species in the groups thus far studied, and it 
is expected that the remaining families will provide equally profitable 
study material. Dr. Steyermark also devoted much time to de- 
termination of collections, sent to the Museum for naming and report, 
from Ecuador and Mexico as well as from the United States. In 
October the Museum Press published Part VII of Studies of Central 
American Plants, a comprehensive series by Curator Standley and 
Assistant Curator Steyermark. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, carried on 
studies of the flora of Peru at various herbaria in California. Dr. 
Jos^ Cuatrecasas, recently appointed to the staff as Curator of 
Colombian Botany, spent the time after his arrival at the Museum 
on organization, identification, and monographic studies of his 
extensive collections from Colombia. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research 
Associate in Systematic Botany, continued his studies in preparation 
of a monograph on the genus Dahlia and various small genera for 
publication in North American Flora. During the year the Museum 

The Escuela Agri'cola Panamerfcana, near Tegucigalpa, Honduras, was headquarters 
for the Botanical Expedition to El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, 1946-47. 


Quinoa is flailed in the Bolivian Andes, near Lake Titicaca. The Museum has a col- 
lection of herbarium specimens of the little-known useful plants of South America. 

Press published two studies by Dr. Sherff, Further Studies in the 
Genus Dodonaea and A Preliminary Study of Hawaiian Species of 
the Genus Rauvolfia, Additions to the Genera Scalesia and Hidalgoa. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, devoted 
his time during the year to preparing and fihng the considerable 
numbers of cryptogams on hand and to naming the several thousand 
specimens of algae received for identification. Until he resigned at 
the end of July, Dr. Harry K. Phinney, Assistant Curator, pursued 
further his interests in organization of the mycological collections, 
identification of algae, and monographic studies of the Cladophor- 
aceae. Dr. L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, continued his studies 
of the algae of Illinois. Dr. Herbert Habeeb and Donald Richards, 
volunteer workers, determined large numbers of North American 
mosses and hepatics and assisted in many of the mechanical details 
of caring for the cryptogamic herbarium. 

Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Wood Technology, continued 
study and preparation of reports on the large collections of woods 
assembled by him in recent years while on Museum expeditions to 
the Orinoco basin and other parts of Venezuela. Index cards were 
written for these and the collections made by him in eastern Peru 
in 1929 30. Considerable time was spent in assembling photographs 


and drawings for the revised edition of the handbook, North American 
Trees, soon to be published by the Museum Press. 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, who became 
a member of the staff in June, continued at the Museum his studies 
of useful plants, especially corn and squashes and their wild relatives. 
He was occupied also with determinations of South American plants 
and, as part of the project in palm genetics, he began cytological 
studies of the genus Copernicia. In addition, he made a survey of 
the exhibits of economic plants in order to plan exhibits to show 
the newest developments in economic botany as well as types of 
useful plants. 

During the year the Department sent more than nineteen 
thousand photographic prints and accompanying labels from its 
large collection of negatives of type and historical specimens of 
American plants in European herbaria to other institutions and to 
botanists for study purposes and insertion in their herbaria. 

Accessions — Botany 

Most important of the additions to the phanerogamic herbarium 
during the year were the collections made in Central America by 
Curator Standley; a collection of eight thousand specimens from 
Ecuador, presented by Professor Misael Acosta Solis; an extensive 
collection of about thirty thousand specimens, mostly of flowering 
plants, from Colombia, presented by Dr. Cuatrecasas; and a collec- 
tion of more than two thousand Texan plants, presented by the 
University of Texas. More than thirty thousand cryptogams were 
received during 1947, in addition to those obtained by Museum 
expeditions. Of these, 23,924 were purchased with funds provided 
by Elmer J. Richards and Donald Richards, 1,588 came as exchanges 
from other herbaria and individuals, and the remainder were gifts. 
Invaluable assistance in the enormous task of handling these speci- 
mens was given by John Dreeland, Mrs. Mary Just, Harold B. 
Louderback, Mrs. Catherine M. Richards, Donald Richards, and 
Dr. Joseph Rubinstein, volunteer workers. 

The largest and most valuable addition to the study collections 
of woods was a collection of about 970 specimens assembled by Dr. 
Cuatrecasas during the period from 1944 to 1946 in the Department 
of El Valle, particularly in the Pacific coast region of Colombia. 
The samples, ranging in size up to large wheel sections, have an 
added value in that they are accompanied by herbarium specimens 
now deposited in the Department of Botany. 


Exhibits — Botany 

During most of the year efforts were concentrated on adding several 
reproductions to the synoptic exhibits of flowering plants in Martin 
A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life). Among other 
installations, representatives of two families heretofore not exhibited 
were added. One is a showy Echeveria, a Mexican member of the 
stonecrop family. The other, a reproduction of the Jerusalem 
artichoke (Helianthus) in flower accompanied by a supplementary 
model of the lower stem and roots showing fully developed tubers, 
belongs to the sunflower family (Compositae). The latter exhibit 
was assembled by Artist-Preparator Milton Copulos. A new mural 
showing "Espeletias in the High Andes, Colombia" was painted 
by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert and mounted in Hall 29. 

Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella completed a reproduction of a 
branch of Medinilla, a colorful shrub native in the Philippines that 
belongs to the melastome family. Notable progress was made in 
the reconstruction of a full-sized plant of a fossil cycadophyte 

The hydraulic press in the Plant Reproduction Laboratory is being used by Curator 
of Exhibits Emil Sella (right) and Assistant Frank Boryca to cast plastic parts. 


t i \ 

These are stages in reconstruction of ''flowers" for a full-size model of a fossil plant 
being prepared in the Plant Reproduction Laboratory. This "flower," which grew 
about one hundred million years ago, is approximately eight inches in diameter. 

(Cycadeoidea) to be added to the synoptic exhibits of the Gym- 
nosperms. Work on this plant reproduction has long been on the 
program of the Laboratory but depended on certain developments 
in museum technique, only recently attained. This project is being 
carried on by Curator Sella with the aid of Frank Boryca and 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Assistants in Plant Reproduction. 

In the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) four boards of Guiana 
woods — Surinam and Demerara greenheart, bulletwood, and box- 
wood — and in Case 488 a polished trunk section of Mozambique 
ebony were installed. All of these specimens were donated by C. H. 
Pearson and Son Hardwood Company, Inc., of New York City. 
To the display of East Indian woods in Case 436 was added a board 
of Macassar ebony, furnished several years ago by Ichabod T. 
Williams and Son, New York City. For Charles F. Millspaugh 
Hall (Hall 26, North American Trees) twenty-six new labels were 
prepared by Curator Williams and installed with the exhibits of 
North American woods. The trunk of a typical barrel palm iCoc- 
cothrinax sp.), collected in Cuba by Dr. Dahlgren, has been placed 
on exhibit in Case 29, Hall of Food Plants (Hall 25). 


Department of Geology 

The advancement of those phases of the earth sciences that fall 
within the broad scope of a natural history museum — minerology, 
petrology, meteoritics, physical geology, economic geology, and 
paleontology — is the objective of the Department of Geology. 
Since the Museum is both a research and an educational institution, 
advancement of these subjects follows naturally from pursuit of such 
traditional museum activities as field work, research, systematically 
arranged study collections, and exhibitions that are both stimulating 
and informative. Great strides toward its objective were made by 
the Department during 1947. New members were added to the 
staff, new exhibition plans were approved, provisions for compara- 
tive studies in universities and other museums were made, and 
the number of expeditions working in the field was increased. 

Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, and Harry E. Changnon, As- 
sistant Curator of Geology, spent seven weeks late in the summer 
in the Adirondacks and neighboring regions. After reconnoitering 
together for two weeks they separated, Mr. Changnon limiting 
himself to collecting physical geology specimens while Dr. Roy 
collected igneous rocks and studied the Adirondack anorthosite area 
and certain ultra-basic rocks. The specimens collected were restricted 
to selected types — only those that were needed for exhibits under 
preparation and those that bore special features. 

Since 1932, the Department's Division of Fossil Vertebrates, 
under the leadership of Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, 
has been carrying on a program of collecting and research in pre- 
viously unworked late Paleocene and early Eocene deposits in west- 
central Colorado. A total of six expeditions has been sent to this 
region, and the results have been impressive, both qualitatively and 
quantitatively. The sixth expedition, and the first since the war, 
spent three months during the summer of 1947 in this region. 
Curator Patterson, as before, was in charge of the expedition. He 
was assisted by James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator, William D. 
Turnbull, Preparator, and Richard I. Bisbee, an amateur photog- 
rapher who volunteered his services. 

Previous collecting areas were again gone over in the hope that 
erosion might have brought new material to light, and much new 
territory that had not previously been prospected was carefully 


This model of the earth's interior, one of the exhibits on the structure of the 
eartli, shows four distinct layers of rock of different composition and density. 

examined. The bulldozing activities of geophysical prospecting 
parties working west of the town of De Beque had temporarily made 
available a large area of Paleocene deposits that had previously 
been very difficult of access. Full advantage was taken of this 
opportunity, and work was also done in new territory north and east 
of the town of Rifle. Some fossil material was collected, but the 
results were disappointing compared with previous years. The old 
collecting grounds yielded almost nothing, indicating that the rate 
of erosion was slow, and the new areas proved to be very sparingly 
fossiliferous. The law of diminishing returns has obviously set in, 
and further field work in this region would hardly be justified. 



The collecting phase of this program is over, but much work 
remains to be done on the material obtained. To sum up the results 
briefly: a new late Paleocene fauna and a new area of occurrence 
of the magnificent early Eocene North American fauna have been 
made known, specimens discovered have profoundly modified previ- 
ous concepts of several groups of mammals, and much information 
on the geology of the region has been accumulated. 

Several preliminary reports on the large Paleocene hoofed mam- 
mals, pantodontes and uintatheres, have been published over the 
years since the program began. A study of the mammalian order 
Taenidonta, an outgrowth of the program that has been referred 
to in previous Reports, is essentially ready for the press, and a 
faunal on the Paleocene mammals is nearing completion. A detailed 
study of the late Paleocene Pantodonta, a faunal paper on the early 
Eocene mammals, and a report on the stratigraphy of the region will 
complete the research phase of the program. The study and exhibi- 
tion collections of the Department have, of course, been greatly 
enriched by the specimens collected, neither the Paleocene nor the 
early Eocene having been represented by material before the in- 
ception of the program. In addition to his work in Colorado, 
Curator Patterson carried on studies of fossil peccaries and musk- 
oxen in response to problems that arose in the course of general 
curatorial work. 

A month's field work conducted by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator 
of Fossil Reptiles, in the Washakie Beds (Late Eocene) in south- 

This group of stibnite crystals . 
from Japan, shown ficre in | 
one-third natural size, may be 
seen in Hall 34. Stibnite is 
the chief ore of antimony. 


Robert Kriss Wyant, Assistant Curator of Economic Geology, is determining quan* 
titatively the carbonate content of a rock in the departmental chemical laboratory. 

western Wyoming furnished considerable turtle material and led to 
the discovery of an extensive turtle and crocodile bone bed. During 
the latter part of the year, Dr. Zangerl was granted a three-month 
leave of absence to make a study trip to Switzerland, France, Italy, 
and Belgium and to visit the museums of these countries. He 
examined some of the more important collections and resumed con- 
nection with his European colleagues. A New Anosteirine Turtle 
from Manchuria and Redescription of Taphrosphys Olssoni, A Fossil 
Turtle from Peru, two monographs by Dr. Zangerl, were issued 
during the year by the Museum Press. He also completed Parts I 
and II of "Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama." 
Both of these are now in press. His work on Part III, of the same 
series, on marine turtles of the Family Toxochelyidae, is under way. 

An important treatise on the primitive reptilian family Diadec- 
tidae and on the classification of the Reptilia as a whole by Dr. 
Everett C. Olson, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates, was 
published in April by the Museum Press. In this significant con- 
tribution to the general subject, he has adduced much evidence in 
support of a two-fold major division of this class, the turtles and 
certain primitive extinct groups standing apart in sharp contrast. 


Dr. Rainer Zangerl (left), Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and William D. Turnbull, 
Preparator, are taking an X-ray photograph of the skull of a saber-tooth tiger. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, con- 
tinued his work on the Ordovician Bryozoa that he collected from 
Centre County, Pennsylvania, before he joined the Department of 
Geology. He prepared a paper, for the Museum Press, on the 
geographic range of Parabolina andina (Hoek) with a brief discussion 
on the significance of the occurence of this form from the standpoint 
of paleogeography. The species in question is one of the trilobites 
collected by Dr. Roy in Newfoundland but it has long been known 
to occur in South America. Another collection made by Dr. Roy 
in Southampton Island during the war was also studied by Curator 
Richardson. Preliminary survey of the material leaves little doubt 
as to its affiliation with the much-discussed Ordovician faunas known 
from Greenland, Baffin Island, and various other places in Canada 


and the United States. Late in the year, Curator Richardson col- 
lected a number of Pre-Cambrian stromatolites (algae-like speci- 
mens characterized by banded structure) in the vicinity of Felch, 
Michigan. His studies showed no life forms but he concluded that 
the stromatolites were of value in determining the original bedding 
planes. He also accompanied a party from the Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia to visit Cambrian localities in Wisconsin. 

Immediately after Robert Kriss Wyant was appointed Assistant 
Curator of Economic Geology, he made a complete inventory of the 
chemical laboratory. This was followed by the purchase of additional 
equipment, the assembly of chemical apparatus into working units, 
and the standardization of the numerous chemical reagents used in 
analytical studies. To check his own methods and as a prelude to 
making chemical analyses of a large number of undescribed iron and 
stone meteorites in the Department's collection, Assistant Curator 
Wyant made several check analyses of meteorites and rock samples 
that already had been analysed by his predecessors. He is now 
engaged in the formulation of standard analytical procedures by 
the partial and complete analyses of standard samples of nickel- 
steel, nickel-chromium iron, and other samples furnished by the 
U. S. Bureau of Standards. Present objectives in the chemical 
laboratory include the development of techniques and procedures 
for the complete chemical analyses of meteorites, silicate rocks, and 
ore specimens. 

Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, Associates in Paleobotany, 
checked old identifications and compiled the cataloguing of the Lang- 
ford Collection of Pennsylvanian plants, a task that they began in 
1946. They also contributed greatly to the systematization of the 
general paleobotanical collection in the new storeroom. George 
Langford, Assistant in Paleobotany, worked steadily on the prepara- 
tion of a manuscript on the Lower Pennsylvanian flora and fauna 
of Will County, Illinois. The material upon which the manuscript 
is based was collected by Mr. Langford himself and represents many 
years of laborious field work and unceasing interest. The paper 
will contain descriptions in nontechnical language of approximately 
four hundred specimens and varieties and a resum^ of widely scattered 
information on the coal flora. 

In May, Preparator Turnbull conducted a flve-week field trip 
in western Alabama. He was assisted by C. M. Barber, of Flint, 
Michigan. Several fossil turtles, mosasaurs, and whales and an 
almost perfectly preserved fish were collected. Nearly all the 
specimens are from the Selma Formation of late Cretaceous time, 


although the whales and a few others were found in the Jackson 
Formation of the Eocene epoch. 

In the vertebrate paleontological laboratories, work has been 
continued on the Cretaceous dinosaurs. The skeleton of Parasauro- 
lophns from New Mexico has now been fully prepared by Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek. Preparation of the Texas collection made in 1946 
is well advanced, and the material should be available for study 
in 1948. Progress has been made on material obtained in Colorado, 
Wyoming, and Alabama. Much rearrangement of the study collec- 
tions of fossil vertebrates has been carried out by Miss Priscilla 
Freudenheim, temporary assistant. 

Accessions — Geology 

The greatest event of the year for the Department and one of the 
greatest in its history was the donation to the Museum by the 
University of Chicago of the university's collection of fossil ver- 
tebrates. This magnificent gift brings to the Museum one of the 
outstanding collections of this kind in the world. It includes what 
the paleontologists believe to be the finest assemblage of North 
American Permian amphibians and reptiles in existence, an ex- 
cellent representation of the classic South African Permian and 
Triassic faunas, including many of the highly important mammal- 
like reptiles, a notable series of fossil fishes, chiefly Paleozoic, and a 
goodly number of North American Tertiary and Pleistocene mam- 
mals. The collection has been extensively studied by successive 
professors of vertebrate paleontology of the University of Chicago 
and by their students and is, as a result, particularly rich in type 
and figured specimens. Since the late Pennsylvanian and Permian 

Cacops, a large-headed amphibian 
about eighteen inches long, is 
one of the early Permian types 
represented in the magnificent 
collection of fossil vertebrates 
presented by the University of 
Chicago to the Museum in 1947. 


witnessed the decline of amphibians and the rise of reptiles, it will 
readily be apparent that the specimens of these animals and the 
studies based upon them are of the utmost importance to our under- 
standing of vertebrate evolution. 

The fossil mammals donated by the university supplement and 
to some extent complement those already in the Museum. The 
remainder, and the greater bulk, of the university collection was 
previously unrepresented here, since the university has concentrated 
its field activities on the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic whereas 
the Museum has worked almost exclusively in the Cenozoic and later 
Mesozoic. Union of the two collections results in a well-rounded 
whole that will be to the advantage of all. The gift is a further step 
in the integration of effort of the two institutions in the field of 
paleontology. The advanced teaching in vertebrate paleontology, 
now carried on in the Museum, will be greatly facilitated by the 
merger. The general public will also benefit. The University of 
Chicago collection, although appreciated by specialists the world 
over, remained almost completely unknown to Chicagoans. Its 
treasures will now be more readily available to them. 

Exhibits — Geology 

In Hall 36 (Economic Geology) five exhibits were installed. Three of 
these are new and two are old, but the old exhibits are completely 
renovated, relabeled, and displayed in keeping with modern methods 
of installation. Of the three new exhibits two are introductory in 
nature, relating to metallic ores: "Distribution of Igneous Rocks 
and Ore Deposits," showing that there is a basic relation between 
igneous action and the origin of ore deposits, and "Ore Deposits 
of Igneous Origin," showing how different types of ores related to 
igneous action are formed. The third new exhibit, "Important 
Steel-Making Minerals," is displayed in a special table case. It 
shows the part that certain minerals play in the making of special 
alloy steels. Both of the two renovated exhibits, "Mining and 
Extraction of Gold" and "Evolution of Blast Furnace," are repre- 
sented by scale models with a painted background. 

In Hall 34 (Minerals, Crystals, and Meteorites) the exhibit of 
fluorescent minerals was also renovated and reinstalled in a new 
type of case with addition of new specimens. A new system of 
fluorescent lighting has been employed — the result of experimenta- 
tions with various types of mercury tubes by Chief Engineer William 
E. Lake. It has completely eliminated mechanical difficulties. 



Department of Zoology 

It is the basic function of the Department of Zoology to contribute 
to the description and classification of the Animal Kingdom. The 
extent to which this kind of zoology forms the foundation of every 
other development of the science, even in the most abstruse experi- 
mental fields, is not widely realized. The emphasis on the descrip- 
tive, observational, and comparative is the discernible common 
principle underlining the great diversity of research interests and 
activities of the Museum staff. It is the fundamentally descriptive 
aspect of zoology that is reflected in the Museum's conspectus of 
the Animal Kingdom in its exhibition halls, and it lies also at the 
root of the interpretive types of exhibition that represent a part 
of the modern trend of exhibition plans. 

Research and Expeditions 

It is often not realized that much remains to be done toward the 
accurate description of the animal life of the world. Dr. Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Curator Emeritus, was engaged upon his "Check-list of 
South American Mammals" at the time of his death in June. This 
important reference work is to be completed by Colin C. Sanborn, 
Curator, Division of Mammals, and Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant 
Curator, whose current research on mammals of Peru, Bolivia, and 
Colombia contributes essential clarification of the problems raised 
in the course of the larger work. Curator Sanborn has continued 
his special interest in bats and has prepared several papers on them. 

In the Division of Birds, Curator Austin L. Rand, who joined 
the staff in July, has had a large hold-over of manuscripts from his 
recent interest in Canadian and other northern mammals and birds. 
He has been engaged especially in the study of the Museum's birds 
of the Philippines, collected in 1946-47, and the collection from Mt. 
Cameroon, in Nigeria, made by Rudyerd Boulton, former Curator 
of Birds, now Research Associate. Boardman Conover, Research 
Associate, has continued his studies on game birds and has been 
occupied also with the concluding volumes of Birds of the Americas. 
Associate Curator Emmet R. Blake and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., 
Associate, have been occupied mainly with studies on neotropical 
birds, with a number of papers published or in manuscript. Mrs. 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, has continued her aid, taking an active 
share in the planning and preparation of seasonal exhibition panels 
for "Birds of the Chicago Region." 


In the Division of Reptiles, Curator Clifford H. Pope read proof 
on the definitive report by Dr. Arnold A. Zimmermann and himself 
of growth of the rattlesnake rattle and interested himself in the 
growth rate of snakes, specifically of a specimen of python in cap- 
tivity. With Nelson G. Hairston, of Northwestern University, 
Curator Pope continued his studies on the salamanders of the 
Appalachian region, based on collections made in 1946. Robert F. 
Inger, graduate student at the University of Chicago, concluded a 
preliminary account of the amphibians of the Riukiu Islands, made 
much progi'ess in the identification and study of the collection of 
Philippine amphibians (frogs, toads, and caecilians), and a beginning, 
in association with Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt, on a new edition 
of the Check-list of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. An 
important research project of the year was the preparation of a 
large manuscript on the "Amphibians of West China" by Research 
Associate Ch'eng-chao Liu, of West China Union University, 
Chengtu, China. Dr. Liu, as guest of the State Department's 
Division of Cultural Relations, found the Museum's Division of 
Reptiles and our library facilities most favorable for the study of 
the West China collections accumulated by him in the war years. 

Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, continued his work at the 
United States National Museum on the fishes of the Central Pacific 
and especially on the Bikini Island material collected, in advance 
of the test atomic bomb explosions, under the auspices of the U. S. 
Navy. Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, completed her list of type 
specimens of fishes in the Museum's collections and continued her 
studies in distribution and bibliography of deep-sea fishes. 

The major research program of the Division of Vertebrate 
Anatomy continued to center around the morphology and inter- 
relationships of the Carnivora. Work on the giant panda monograph 

A lifc'size model of a 350- 
pound Galapagos turtle is 
a recent addition in Hall 18. 


Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, continues his researches on the classifica- 
tion of birds. Such studies form a characteristic activity of museum zoologists. 

was carried forward both in written manuscript and in the inking 
and labehng of the numerous illustrations. Miss H. Elizabeth 
Story, Assistant, completed a study of the arteries of the head in the 
raccoon-like carnivores. A study of the pectoral musculature in 
carnivores, by D. D wight Davis, Curator, was nearly complete by 
the end of the year. The pectoral muscles of twenty-one forms have 
been dissected, described, and drawn. Curator Davis made a study 
of a unique series of fruit bat bacula, a part of a collection assembled 
by military personnel in the Pacific area during the war. Dr. R. M. 
Strong, Research Associate, completed the "Finding Index" for his 
Bibliography of Birds and continued work on his manuscripts on 
the anatomy of birds and on the salamander Necturus. Dr. Walter 
Segall, of Chicago, completed a study of the auditory ossicles of the 


great apes early in the year. In March, William J. Beecher began 
an investigation of adaptive radiation in the feeding mechanism of 
certain passerine birds that has disclosed suggestive differences and 
parallel developments between closely related forms. 

The Division of Insects was greatly engrossed with curatorial 
duties, but salvaged research time for the publications on beetles 
of the family Cleridae, for Assistant Curator Rupert L. Wenzel's 
studies on the Histeridae, and the continuation of an important 
Divisional interest in the ectoparasitic insects of vertebrates. Re- 
search Associates Charles H. Seevers and Alex K. Wyatt continued 
their helpful work on staphylinid beetles and Lepidoptera. Eugene 
Ray, temporary assistant, in addition to effective curatorial aid, 
made much progress in his studies on the beetle family Mordellidae. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator, 
prepared a continuation of his miscellaneous Malacological Notes as 
a by-product of curatorial duties. He engaged late in the year on 
the stud}^ of two major collections of the South American fresh- 
water shells, respectively from Lake Titicaca and the Amazon Basin. 

Further details of the research accomplishments of the Depart- 
ment for the year are reflected in the list of Museum publications 
(page 83) and in the list of papers published by members of the staff 
in other journals (page 78). 

The most noteworthy expedition to conclude its work in 1947 
was the Philippines Zoological Expedition, 1946-47, under the leader- 
ship of Harry Hoogstraal, now Assistant Curator, Division of Insects. 
Mr. Hoogstraal and Floyd G. Werner, of Ottawa, Illinois, returned 
in August, 1947, having been preceded by Lieutenant Donald 
Heyneman in December, 1946. This expedition engaged in general 
collecting of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, insects, and 
various other types of invertebrates, with especial attention to the 
ectoparasites of mammals and birds and to certain groups of insects 
in fields in which specialists are available at the Museum. The 
expedition was made in co-operation with the new Philippine National 
Museum and was thus able to employ members of the Philippine 
Bureau of Science, whose laboratories and collections were totally 
destroyed during the war. The party collected abundant material 
of some of the peculiar Philippine mammals hitherto regarded as 
extremely rare, among which the Philippine ground shrew {Podo- 
gymnura), a tarsier (Tarsius), and a flying lemur (Galeopithecus, sive 
Cynocephalus) are of notable anatomical and evolutionary interest. 
The total vertebrate collections amount to 7,348 specimens. The 
insects and invertebrates number many thousands of specimens and 



The Philippine tarsier, formerly regarded as extremely rare, was found in great 
abundance by the Museum's zoological expedition of 1946-47. The anatomy of 
this little goggle-eyed lemur-like creature throws light on the ancestry of man. 

will require some years before they can be roughly identified, acces- 
sioned, and distributed to specialists for study. Reports on the 
vertebrate groups are actively in progress and will disclose numerous 
additions to our knowledge of the Philippine fauna. 

The Trinidad Zoological Expedition, organized primarily in the 
interest of the late Dr. Osgood's needs for the "Check-list of South 
American Mammals," was conducted by Staff Taxidermist Frank C. 
Wonder, who was in the field for four months. He was hospitably 
aided, while in Trinidad, by Dr. E. M. Chenery and by the officials 
of the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture. Mr. Wonder col- 
lected 986 zoological specimens, among which a distinct new species 
of bat is especially noteworthy. The difficulties encountered by 
him in collecting terrestrial mammals appear to reflect the progressive 
extermination of the native fauna by the introduced mongoose. 

The Philippines and Trinidad expeditions illustrate the type of 
Museum field exploration directed mainly toward research interests 
and toward additions to the collections for study. The type of 
expedition specifically in the interest of the exhibition program is 


illustrated by The Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street Zoological Ex- 
pedition to Alaska to secure specimens of the Alaskan brown bear 
for exhibition in Richard T. Crane, Jr., Hall (Hall 16, American 
Mammals). The expedition secured a female and two cubs, but 
failed in its effort to obtain the large male desired to complete the 
proposed new habitat group. 

In continuation of a progi'am of faunal studies on the vertebrates 
of Peru, the Museum has maintained a field collector, Jos^ M. 
Schunke. He has worked at Contamina, on the Ucayali River, 
and in the Divisoria, the watershed between the Ucayali and the 
Huallaga rivers. 

The Bermuda Zoological Expedition was primarily in the interest 
of exhibition in the Hall of Marine Invertebrates (Hall M). Curator 
Haas, accompanied by Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist, spent the months 
of August and September in the Bermudas, where they found the 
Biological Station for Research, on St. George's Island, most favor- 
able for Mr. Krstolich's detailed study of coloration and translucence 
of marine animals. Dr. Dugald E. S. Brown, Director of the Station, 
was extremely helpful to Dr. Haas's scientific interests and to Mr. 
Krstolich's collecting. This association in the 1947 season has 
resulted in plans for further co-operation between the Bermuda 
Research Station and the Museum. Henry S. Dybas, Assistant 
Curator, Division of Insects, left in October for the western Pacific 
to take part in another co-operative project — that of the study of 
the land life of Palau Islands under the auspices of the Pacific 
Science Board of the National Research Council. 

Within the United States, Chief Curator Schmidt, accompanied 
by John M. Schmidt, of Plainfield, Illinois, and Research Associate 
Liu, spent three weeks in April collecting small mammals and reptiles 
in western and central Texas. John W. Winn, Assistant Curator, 
Division of Fishes, and Mrs. Winn twice visited the Mammoth 
Cave region to accumulate a regional collection to accompany 
specimens of the especially interesting cave invertebrates and fishes. 
Curator Sanborn initiated a program of field studies of mammals 
in Arkansas intended as an accessory interest, to be carried on in 
successive years. Curator Pope spent the months of July and 
August in the Southwest, with headquarters at the field station of 
the Museum's Department of Anthropology at Pine Lawn, New 
Mexico. Curator Pope was joined by C. M. Bogert of the American 
Museum of Natural History and, in turn, joined Mr. Bogert for a 
brief trip into Mexico. New Mexico offers a most notable area of 
biological interest in the nearly juxtaposed White Sands and black 


lava areas, where effects of environment on animal coloration are 
especially conspicuous. Local field work was engaged in by the 
Division of Fishes (1,500 specimens) and the Division of Birds (165 
specimens). The bird collections made were in the interest of the 
project for revolving seasonal panels of local birds intended to aid 
and to stimulate the interest in birds in the Chicago region. 

Accessions — Zoology 

Among the more noteworthy gifts were 308 specimens of insects 
from Japan, presented by Major Howard T. Wright, and 3,753 
insects and related forms from the United States and the Pacific 
Islands, presented by Assistant Curator Henry S. Dybas. Gifts 
from the Chicago Zoological Society, the John G. Shedd Aquarium, 
and the Lincoln Park Zoo continued to add valued material, especially 
for the skeleton collection and for anatomical study. 

By far the most important additions to the various divisional 
collections in 1947 were the accessions from the Philippines Zoo- 
logical Expedition. In the Division of Insects much of this material 
remains to be sorted and roughly identified before accessioning can 
be completed. A notable purchase added the F. W. Nunnenmacher 
Collection of nearly 40,000 beetles to the collections of the Division 
of Insects. The specimens, largely identified and chiefly from areas 
in North America poorly represented in the Museum, form an 
especially valuable addition to the reference collections in most 
active use. A significant collection of 347 Mexican birds was pur- 
chased from the veteran collector, Wilmot W. Brown. 

Exhibits — Zoology 

A pampas deer was remounted by Staff Taxidermist Julius Friesser 
for the systematic series in George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13, 
Horned and Hoofed Mammals). The last of the habitat group 
spaces in the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N), for which a group 
of sea otters is in preparation, was provided with a background, by 
Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, that shows some of the unusual 
habits of this remarkable marine mammal. Staff Taxidermist 
Frank C. Wonder completed the artificial rock work on which are 
to be the intertidal seaweed beds for the mounted sea otters. 

In the Division of Birds, Curator Rand made a comprehensive 
plan for biological exhibits for the alcove spaces in Hall 21 (Birds 
in Systematic Arrangement). The central panel, "Birds of a Chicago 


Garden," is nearing completion. This is for the proposed exhibit 
of birds of the Chicago region, with changing seasonal panels for 
the spring and fall migrants. 

In the Division of Reptiles much material for which labels are 
ready is awaiting cases. The long-planned special alcove for the 
local amphibians and reptiles is nearing completion by means of 
models and accessories made by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Walters 
and Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist. A cellulose acetate 
model of a 350-pound Galapagos land turtle was placed on exhibition 
in September in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, Am- 
phibians, and Insects). 

In the systematic exhibits of Fishes, Staff Taxidermist L. L. Pray 
continued a program of replacement of old models having cracked 
skins or fins by new models made with newer techniques of painting 
and fin modeling. One of the most important new directions of 
Museum exhibition, based on enlarged models of insects and insect- 
relatives, made much progress during the year in solving basic 
technical problems that have developed in the use of plastic materials 
for models. Numerous visiting entomologists have expressed great 
interest in the malaria-cycle models already completed by James E. 
Trott, Artist-Preparator, for the Division of Insects. 

This region was searched by the Philippines Zoological Expedition of 1946-47. 


The Library 

The newly created Advisory Committee on the Library, composed 
of the Librarian, the four Chief Curators, and members of their 
departments chosen by the Chief Curators, has met three times 
during the year. The initial meeting, in January, was devoted to 
a discussion of classification schemes. The Farmington Plan for 
the co-operative acquisition of foreign research publications was 
considered in May. The meeting in June was concerned with some 
of the problems incident to the change to the Library of Congress 
Classification Scheme and recataloguing the Library's collections. 
The discussion and the opinions expressed in these meetings have 
been helpful in formulating policies for the Library. 

After continued study of the problem of cataloguing, it was 
decided to make a major change in this Library's system. As a 
result, beginning July 1, all incoming new materials have been pro- 
cessed according to the Library of Congress Classification Scheme, 
using Library of Congress cards and following Library of Congress 
practice whenever possible. An appropriation has been made for 
the recataloguing of material acquired before July 1. At the same 
time, it was decided that the catalogue should be in two parts: an 
author-title section and a subject section. 

During the year, 5,629 volumes were added to the collection, as 
compared with 3,299 for the preceding report period. Of this number, 
1,829 were secured by purchase and the remainder by gift and 
exchange. Two hundred and eleven volumes were withdrawn. On 
December 31, 1947, the number of accessioned items in the Museum 
Library stood at 127,691, a net gain of 5,418 for the year. This 
number does not include 85 maps added since October 1, when a 
separate accession record for maps was instituted. As a participant 
in the Army Map Service Depository Program, the Library received 
an additional 7,130 maps during the year. 

It is impossible in this type of library to keep an accurate record 
of the amount of use made of books by members of the staff. Print, 
however, is one of the foundation stones of research and every expedi- 
tion and every publication by staff members is testimony to the value 
of the Library. Through the Interlibrary Loan System, we borrowed 
thirty-six items for the use of staff members; we lent eighty-six items 
to other institutions. The number of volumes used by visitors during 
the year was 1,829. 

Serials continue to form the bulk and the backbone of our 
acquisitions. During the year, 13,449 pieces were received. Op- 


portimities for the purchase of desirable material have been particu- 
larly great during the period under review, as many items that have 
been almost unobtainable for years have appeared on the market. 
Our problem, then, has been what not to buy rather than what to 
buy. Purchases have run heavily to serial publications, of which the 
following selective list is illustrative: 

Annales de Cryptogamie Exotique, V. 1-8 (1928-1935) 

Ajinales de Protistologie, V. 1-5 (1928-1936) 

Avicultnral Magazine (1928-1946) 

Berwickshire Naturalists Club. History and Proceedings, V. 1-29 (1834-1937) 

Bulletin of Entomological Research, V. 1-37 (1910-1946) 

Entomological Magazine, V. 1-5 (1832-1838) 

Entomologist (1866-1945) 

Entomologists Record (1890-1920) 

Feuille des Jeunes Naturalistes, V. 1-44 (1877-1914) 

Forestry Abstracts, V. 1-7 (1939-1946) 

Institut Oceanographique, Monaco. Bulletin, Nos. 1-900 (lacks six nos.) 

Journal of Forestry (completed set) 

Journal of Wild Life Management, V. 1-11 (1937-1947) 

Musee Heude, Shanghai. Publications (complete set) 

New Phyfologist, V. 14-45 

Phytopathology, V. 9-35 (1919-1945) 

Plant Breeding Abstracts, V. 1-17 (1930-1947) 

Ray Society. Publications 

Revue Francaise d'Entomologie, V. 1-13 (1934-1946) 

Royal Entomological Society, London. Proceedings, V. 1-10 (1926-1936) 

— . Proceedings, Series A, V. 11-21 

. Proceedings, Series B, V. 1-15 (1932-1946) 

— . Transactions (1877-1945) 

Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions (1852-1886) 

. Philosophical Transactions, Series B, V. 178-209 (1887-1920) 

Societe Entomologique de Belgique. Annales, V. 1-80 (1857-1940) 

South London Entomological and Natural History Society. Proceedings 

(1884-1943; lacks 1920/21, 1933/34) 
Studia Botanica Cechoslovaca, V. 1-7 (1938-1946) 

Relief for the overcrowded condition of the General Library has 
failed to materialize because of non-delivery of shelving ordered late 
in 1946. The shelving is to be installed in the space previously 
occupied by the Division of Printing (Room 72) and will provide 
space for approximately 18,000 volumes, or three to four years' 
additions at our present rate of growth. The problem of providing 
for an ever-increasing book collection is also of concern to the four 
scientific departments, as the departmental libraries are rapidly 
reaching the saturation point. A small room has been constructed 
in Room 72 for rare books. The map cases, formerly in the room 
immediately outside the Librarian's office, have been moved into 
Room 72. By relocating some stack ranges and the John Crerar 
Library catalogue, suitable work space for processing was made. 


Activities of Staff Members in Scientific Societies 

The active participation of members of the Museum staff in the 
learned societies of their various fields is encouraged by the Museum. 
Such participation by staff members is of great value because through 
it the influence of the Museum is widened, its contributions to science 
are made more generally known, and, as a result, scientific research 
is advanced. It is also essential that scientists working in various 
institutions on similar or related problems should have opportunities 
to become personally acquainted. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, and 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits in Anthropology, attended 
the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology in 
May at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Curator Collier presented a paper 
on the Indians of South America, and Curator Quimby took part in 
a symposium. In July, Curator Collier participated in a conference 
entitled "A Reappraisal of Peruvian Prehistory," held in New York 
under the joint auspices of the Institute of Andean Research and 
the Viking Fund. His paper, "Peruvian Stylistic Influences in 
Ecuador," was one of eleven presented. They will be issued early 
in 1948 as a Memoir of the Society for American Archaeology. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, took part 
in the meeting of the African Anthropology Committee of the 
National Research Council at Northwestern University in March. 
Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, attended the 
annual meetings of Section H of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science held in Chicago in December and served 
as chairman of the session on linguistics and culture. In December, 
Chief Curator Martin and Curator Collier attended the annual 
meetings of the American Anthropological Association and the 
Society for American Archaeology at Albuquerque, New Mexico. 
Dr. Martin presented a paper on the results of the Museum's South- 
west Archaeological Expedition of 1947, and Curator Collier partici- 
pated in round-table discussions on problems pertaining to Peruvian 
and Mexican archaeology. This was the first time that these meet- 
ings had ever been held west of the Mississippi River, and because 
of the location many members from western United States and from 
Latin-American countries attended. 

At the Chicago meetings in December of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator 
of Economic Botany, Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian 


Botany, and Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the 
Herbarium, presented papers before the Systematic Section of the 
Botanical Society of America. Dr. Cutler discussed "Species Rela- 
tions in Cucurbita" and Dr. Cuatrecasas spoke on "Life-forms of 
the Plant Associations in the High Andes of Colombia." Dr. 
Steyermark's subject was "Speciation in the Venezuelan Guayana." 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
organized the symposium on botanical nomenclature and presented 
the introductory paper. Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, 
presented two papers, one on "Paleobotanists and Nomenclature" 
as part of the symposium on botanical nomenclature and the other 
on "Gymnosperms and the Origin of Angiosperms" as part of a 
symposium on the evolution and classification of gymnosperms. Dr. 
Just, who was secretary of the Paleobotanical Section and chairman 
of its committee on paleobotanical nomenclature, was elected chair- 
man for the coming year. Dr. Sherff served as chairman of the 
Systematic Section and Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic 
Botany, as secretary of the same section. Dr. Steyermark pre- 
sented a paper on "The Flora of Guatemala" before the Ecological 
Society of America, whose meetings were also held in connection 
with those of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science. In November, Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Wood 
Technology, attended meetings in Chicago of the newly founded 
Forest Products Research Society, and Dr. Cutler took part in a 
conference in St. Louis on the structure of corn plants. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, attended the 
annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Paleontologists at Geneva, 
Switzerland, in September, and presented a paper on Chelonia knorri 
from the Eocene shales of Glarus, Switzerland. In October, Harry E. 
Changnon, Assistant Curator of Geology, and Robert Kriss Wyant, 
Assistant Curator of Economic Geology, attended the Tri-State 
Geological Field Conference in Wisconsin, which was chiefly a 
reconnaissance of the geology of northeastern Wisconsin conducted 
by staff members of the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, attended meetings of the Geological 
Society of America held at Ottawa, Canada, in December, and 
Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, and Dr. Zangerl 
attended the seventh annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate 
Paleontology, an affiliated society of the Geological Society of 
America, also at Ottawa. Curator Patterson continued as secretary- 
treasurer of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Eugene S. 
Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, presented, by title 


only, a paper on "Paleontology and Nomenclature" at the annual 
meeting of the Northwest Scientific Association held in December 
at Spokane, Washington. 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, was made a member 
of the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council, a 
group of American scientists concerned with various problems in the 
islands of the South Seas, and attended meetings of the Board in 
May and November. As delegate of the American Society of 
Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, he attended the annual meeting 
of the Division of Biology and Agriculture of the National Research 
Council in Washington, D.C., in April, and on the same occasion 
took part in the organization meeting of the American Institute of 
Biological Sciences. In August, Chief Curator Schmidt, John W. 
Winn, Assistant Curator of Fishes, and Loren P. Woods, Curator 
of Fishes (on leave of absence), attended the meetings of the American 
Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists at Higgins Lake, 
Michigan. Chief Curator Schmidt, as the Society's representative 
to the National Research Council, made committee reports, and 
Curator Woods presented an account of the coral reef fishes of Bikini 
Atoll, on which he is working under the direction of Dr. L. P. Schultz 
at the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C. 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals, and Luis 
de la Torre, temporary assistant in the Division of Mammals, 
attended the meetings of the American Society of Mammalogists 
in August, also at Higgins Lake. During the meetings in Chicago in 
December of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, Chief Curator Schmidt was host to a group of leading 
taxonomists at a round-table discussion of the problems of zoological 
nomenclature, the occasion being the presence of Francis Hemming, 
Secretary of the International Commission for Zoological Nomen- 

Speakers at the symposium on botanical nomenclature, sponsored by the Systematic 
Section of the Botanical Society of America and the American Society of Plant 
Taxonomists, held in the James Simpson Theatre of the Museum on December 29, 
1947, in connection with the Chicago meetings of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, were, left to right (seated), Charles A. Weatherby, Gray 
Herbarium of Harvard University; Liberty Hyde Bailey, Bailey Hortorium of Cornell 
University; Elmer Drew Merrill, Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University; (standing) 
Earl E. Sherff, Chicago Teachers College and Museum Research Associate; Carl Otto 
Rosendahl, University of Minnesota; Sidney Fay Blake, United States Bureau of 
Plant Industry; and Theodor Just, Chief Curator, Department of Botany. > 


clatiire. Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator of Birds, was elected 
a director of the Illinois Audubon Society and vice-president of the 
Chicago Ornithological Society. 

Carl W. Hintz, Librarian, continued to serve on the Board of 
Resources of American Libraries and on the Committee on Book 
Acquisitions of the American Library Association. He also partici- 
pated, by in-^-'tation, in a conference on recruiting sponsored by 
the Board of Education for Librarianship of the American Library 
Association, held in Chicago in November. The Director of this 
Museum attended the annual meeting of the American Association 
of Museums in the city of Quebec, Canada, in May. He addressed 
the science section on the subject "Live Ideas or Dead Storage." 

A number of the Museum's staff members served in editorial 
capacities on various scientific journals. Chief Curator Schmidt 
continued as member of the editorial staff of the American Midland 
Naturalist, herpetological editor of Copeia, and section editor of 
"Reptiles and Amphibians" for Biological Abstracts. During the 
first half of the year. Chief Curator Just continued his duties as 
editor of the American Midland Naturalist until he resigned from 
that post. He also edited Lloydia throughout the year and was 
appointed to the editorial board of Ecology, while carrying on his 
activities as assistant editor of Chronica Botanica. Dr. Sherff con- 


tinued as member of the editorial board of Brittonia. Curator Collier 
was appointed contributing editor of El Palacio, monthly anthropo- 
logical journal of the School of American Research and the Museum 
of New Mexico. Curator Zangerl continued his duties as regional 
editor of the bulletin of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. 

Publications of staff members during 1947 other than those 
issued by the Museum included: 


Collier, Donald 

Review of Wendell C. Bennett's Archeological Regions of Colombia: A 
Ceramic Stirvey and James A. Ford's Excavations in the Vicinity of Cali, 
Colombia, In American Anthropologist, vol. 49, no. 4, pt. 1, pp. 647-649 

"South America: Archaeology," in Handbook of Latin American Studies: 191^!^, 
No. 10 (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1947), pp. 26-31 

Hambly, Wilfrid D. 

Jamba, Pellegrini and Cudahy, Chicago, 1947, 246 pp. 

Review of Melville J. Herskovits's Backgrounds of African Art, in American 
Anthropologist, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 297-298 

"Visual Aids to Teaching African Ethnology," Journal of Negro History, 
vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 354-356 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Man in New Mexico 1,400 Years Ago," Think, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 16-17 

Martin, Paul S., George I. Quimby, and Donald Collier 

Indians before Columbus, Twenty Thousand Years of North American History 
Revealed by Archeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1947, xxiii+ 
582 pp., 122 illustrations 

Quimby, George I. 

"Archaeology, Western Hemisphere," in 191^7 Britannica Book of the Year, 
A Record of. . .Events of 19^6 (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago 
[1947]), pp. 66-68 

"Archaeology, Western Hemisphere," in Ten Eventful Years,_ A Record of 
Events of the Years . . . 1937 through 191t6 (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 
Chicago [1947], 4 vols.), vol. 1, pp. 154-157 

"The Prehistory of Kamchatka," Americayi Antiquity, vol. 12, no. 3, pt. 1, 
pp. 173-179 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Review of Andrew J. Lind's Hawaii's Japanese, in Applied Anthropology, 
vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 34-35 

Review of Laura Thompson's Guam and Its People, in Applied Anthropology, 
vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 27-28 


Cuatrecasas, Jose 

"Vistazo a la Vegetacion Natural del Bajo Calima," Revista de la Academia 
Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Fisico-Quimicas y Naturales, vol. 7, no. 27, 
pp. 306-312 


Cutler, Hugh C. 


"Chica: A Native South American Beer," Botanical Mia^einn Leaflets, Harvard 
University, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 33-60 [with Martin Cardenasj 
Mejoramiento del Ma'iz en los Valles de Bolivia, Universidad Autonoma "Simon 
BoHvar," Cochabamba, Bolivia [1947J, 32 pp. [with Martin Cardena.s| 

Just, Theodor 

"Geology and Plant Distribution," Ecological Monographs, vol. 17, no. 2, 
pp. 127-137 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Hermann C. Benke," Rhodora, vol. 49, no. 581, pp. 142-143 
"E.xploracion Botanica a las Regiones Orientales de Venezuela," Bolet'in de la 
Sociedad Vcnezolana de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 10, no. 67, pp. 263-280 
"Informe de la Mision de Cinchona en Venezuela," Boletin de la Sociedad 
Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 10, no. 65-66, pp. 163-189 [with 
H. Arthur Meyer] 

"A Native Oxalis as a Garden Plant," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 
vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 207-208 

"Notes on Drying Plants," Rhodora, vol. 49, no. 585, pp. 220-227 

"Speciation in the Venezuelan Guyana," Abstract, American Journal of 
Botany, Supplement to vol. 34, no. 10, p. 29a 

Williams, Llewelyn 

"Forests of the Upper Orinoco," Tropical Woods, no. 91, pp. 17-38 


Blake, Emmet R. 

"A Note on the Barred Owl," Wilson Bulletin, vol. 59, p. Ill 


"La Distribucion Geografica de las Subespecies de la Pava de Monte Penelope 
qranti," Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 10, 
pp. 321-325 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 1: Squirrels 
(Sciuridae)," Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. 97, 
pp. 1-46, 1 figure 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Clutch Size in Spruce Grouse and Theoretic Considerations of Some Factors 
Affecting Clutch Size," Canadian Field-Naturalist, vol. 61, pp. 127-130 
"Notes on Some Greenland Birds," Auk, vol. 64, pp. 281-284 

Sanborn, Colin C. 

"Bats from the Solomon Islands," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 28, pp. 387- 

391 [with William J. Beecher] 

"The History of the Type of Pachyotis temminckii panayensis Sody," Journal 

of Mammalogy, vol. 28, pp. 67-68 

"The Tuco-tucos of Peru (Genus Ctenomys)," Proceedings of the Biological 

Society of Washington, vol. 60, pp. 135-138 [with Oliver P. Pearson] 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"A New Fringe-footed Sand Lizard from Coahuila, Mexico," American 
Museum Novitates, no. 1339, pp. 1-9, 4 figures 


Photography and Illustration 

The Division of Photography continued to produce negatives, prints, 
enlargements, transparencies, and lantern slides to fill the needs of 
the Museum, including exchanges with other institutions, releases 
to the press, and miscellaneous sales. Total production for the 
Division in 1947 was 22,287 items, a slight increase over the total 
number of items in 1946. There are now more than 104,000 negatives 
in the files. 

Arthur G. Rueckert, Staff Artist, completed a large mural for 
the Department of Botany and a painted background for the sea- 
otter group that is in preparation by the Department of Zoology. 
Both exhibits are described elsewhere in this Report. Miss Norma 
Lockwood, Staff Illustrator, furnished drawings, maps, lettering, and 
general art work as required throughout the year by the departments 
and divisions of the Museum. 

Motion Pictures 

The first work of the new Division of Motion Pictures after its 
establishment in 1946 was the salvaging of all 35mm motion picture 
film, both in negative and positive form, that remained in the 
Museum's Film Library. This undertaking has been brought to 
completion and all film is now in 16mm, printed on new stock. The 
salvaged film is being edited into complete productions that will be 
valuable aids to the Museum's visual-education projects. The 
processes of salvaging, checking, reprinting, editing, and accessioning 
have been applied to 1,242,250 feet of film. This figure not only 
represents the footage now in the film vault but also includes a total 
of forty-seven complete motion pictures. 

The Division produced, from script to screening, the Museum's 
first color motion picture, "Archaeologists in Action." As a member 
of the Museum's Archaeological Expedition of 1947 to the Southwest, 
John W. Moyer, Chief of the Division of Motion Pictures, spent 
four weeks in the field photographing expedition material to augment 
footage taken for this film during the previous year. The film was 
shown in November as one of the series of Saturday afternoon 
programs sponsored by the Museum. Currently in production is a 
film, temporarily titled "Museum Activities," that has been planned 
especially for audiences interested in the Museum's policies, general 
educational programs, and scientific resources. The picture sequences 
are to constitute a behind-the-scenes tour of the Museum, showing 
each department and division engaged in characteristic work, and 

80 . ; 


"Espeletias in the High Andes, Colombia," a new mural in the scries in Hall 29, 
was painted by Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert under the direction of the Curator 
of Colombian Botany, Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas. A detail of the painting is shown here. 


filming may require several years. In addition to work on this 
project, two complete films were edited for use by the Museum in 
programs for schools and the general public. 

Publications and Printing 

Distribution of the Museum's publications to institutions and in- 
dividuals on our foreign exchange list was restored almost to prewar 
routine during the year, with wartime accumulations and current 
issues dispatched to all on the list except those in Germany and 
Japan. A total of 25,270 copies was sent to individuals and institu- 
tions on both our domestic and foreign exchange lists, to which 
forty-three new names were added. Sales during 1947 totaled 4,758 
copies in the Scientific Series, 8,585 copies in the Popular Series, 
and 29,386 copies of miscellaneous publications, such as guides, 
handbooks, and memoirs (see page 91). For future sales and other 
distributions, an additional 15,241 copies of publications were 
wrapped, labeled, and stored. 

The Museum Press issued during the year thirty-two titles in 
the Scientific Series of publications, one in the Popular Series, one in 
the Administrative Series, and two reprints. The total number of 
pages printed in all books, including indexes for three completed 
volumes in the Scientific Series, was 1,513, and the total number of 
copies printed was 46,682. Twelve numbers of Chicago Natural 
History Bulletin were printed, averaging six thousand copies an issue. 
Other work of the Division of Printing included posters, price lists, 
Museum Stories for Children (Raymond Foundation), lecture 
schedules. Museum labels, specimen tags, and post cards. 

It is desired to record sincere appreciation of Mrs. Elsie H. 
Thomas, Recorder, and her efficient organization in handling the 
tremendous volume of publications that was sent out from the Mu- 
seum during the year. It was, indeed, a tremendous task to distribute 
correctly the wartime accumulation of publications. The problem 
was further complicated by the fact that it was necessary to check 
on the existence of many of the institutions that formerly carried 
on exchange relations with us. 

It is further desired to record appreciation for the efi"orts of the 
Associate Editors, whose work assisted materially in the production 
of our publications. Miss Lillian A. Ross continued her superior 
work in handling the scientific publications of the Museum and 
Mrs. Helen A. MacMinn handled capably the miscellaneous and 
nonscientific publications. 


A list of titles in the publications series issued in 1947 by Chicago 
Natural History Museum Press follows: 


Hambly, Wilfrid D. 

Cranial Capacities, A Study in Methods, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 36, 
no. 3, 51 pp. 

Martin, Paul S., and John B. Rinaldo 

The SU Site, Excavations at a Mogollon Village, Western New Mexico, Third 
Season, 19^.6, Anthropological Series, vol. 32, no. 3, 110 pp., 42 text figures, 

12 maps 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Changing Kinship Systems, Anthropological Series, vol. 33, no. 4, 85 pp., 

13 text figures 


Dahlgren, B. E. 

Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Popular Series, Botany, no. 26, 82 pp., 
68 text figures 

Sherff, Earl Edward 

Further Studies in the Genus Dodonaea, Botanical Series, vol. 23, no. 6, 53 pp. 

A Preliminary Study of Hawaiian Species of the Genus Rauvolfia, Additions to 
the Genera Scalesia and Hidalgoa, Botanical Series, vol. 23, no. 7, 17 pp., 1 plate 

Standley, Paul C, and Julian A. Steyermark 

Studies of Central American Plants-VII, Botanical Series, vol. 23, no. 5, 73 pp., 
4 text figures 


HussAKOF, Louis 

A New Pycnodont Fish from the Cretaceous of Arkajisas, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 4, 5 pp., 1 text figure 

Olson, Everett Claire 

The Family Diadectidae and Its Bearing on the Classification of Reptiles, 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 11, no. 1, 53 pp., 8 text figures 

Zangerl, Rainer 

A New Anosteirine Turtle from Manchuria, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 3, 
9 pp., 4 text figures 

Redescription of Taphrosphys Olssoni, A Fossil Turtle from Peru, Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 10, no. 5, 12 pp., 4 text figures 


Baisas, F. E. 

Notes on Philippine Mosquitoes-XI, A New Species of Tripteroides, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 15, 4 pp., 1 text figure 



Banks, Nathan 

Some Neuropterous Insects from Szechwan, China, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, 
no. 12, 11 pp., 5 text figures 

Blake, Emmet R., and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 

The Subspecies of Aratinga Acuticaudata, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 21, 
7 pp. 

Davis, Dwight D. 

The Bacula of Some Fruit Bats (Pteropus), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 16, 
7 pp., 2 text figures 

Davis, Dwight D., and U. R. Gore 

Clearing and Staining Skeletons of Small Vertebrates, Fieldiana: Technique, 
no. 4, Second Edition, 16 pp., 3 text figures 

Dybas, Henry S., and Rupert L. Wenzel 

A New Genus of Batflies From Guatemala (Diptera Acalypterae: Sireblidae), 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 19, 6 pp., 3 text figures 

Fleming, Robert L. 

A New Race of Koklas Pheasant, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 11, 4 pp. 

Goodnight, Clarence J., and Marie L. 

Phalangida from Tropical America, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 1, 58 pp., 
30 text figures 

Gray, Marion 

Catalogue of Type Specimens of Fishes in Chicago Natural History Museum, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 3, 99 pp., 24 text figures 

Haas, Fritz 

Malacological Notes-V, Peruvian Land and Fresh-Water Shells, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 22, 18 pp., 8 text figures 

Inger, Robert F. 

Preliminary Survey of the Amphibians of the Riukiu Islands, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 32, no. 5, 58 pp., 2 text figures, 4 maps 

Pope, Clifford H. 

Amphibians and Reptiles of the Chicago Area, Reprint, 275 pp., 50 text 
figures, 12 plates 

Pope, Clifford H., and Nelson G. Hairston 

The Distribution of Leurognathus, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 20, 8 pp., 
2 text figures 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

The South American Rodents of the Genus Neotomys, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 7, 7 pp., 2 text figures 

The Sheath-Tailed Bat of the Patau and Marshall Islands, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 8, 4 pp., 1 text figure 

Geographical Races of the Rodent Akodon Jelskii Thomas, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 17, 10 pp., 1 text figure 

Catalogue of Type Specimens of Mammals in Chicago Natural History Museum, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 4, 85 pp., 1 plate 



Segall, Walter 

The Malleus (Ossiculum Auditus) of the Anihropoid Apes, Ficldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 14, 8 pp., 3 text figures 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

A New Kinosternid Turtle from Colombia, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 13, 
4 pp., 1 text figure 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Frederick A. Shannon 

Notes on Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 9, 23 pp., 1 text figure 

van Rossem, a. J. 

Two Races of the Bridled Titmouse, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 10, 6 pp. 

Wolcott, Albert B. 

Catalogue of North American Beetles of the Family Cleridae, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 32, no. 2, 43 pp. 

Wolcott, Albert B., and Henry S. Dybas 

Two New Beetles from Costa Rica and Australia, with a Description of a New 
Genus (Coleoptera, Cleridae), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 18, 6 pp., 3 text 


Annual Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 191^6, 139 pp., 
22 text figures, 5 plates 

General Guide, Twenty-seventh Edition, Reprint, 48 pp., 3 text figures, 5 plates 

Public Relations 

The newspapers of Chicago and of hundreds of other cities continued 
to give generous space to pictures, news stories, and features con- 
nected with activities of the Museum. In addition to the more 
routine pubHcity in the black-and-white of the dailies, there were 
several spreads of one to two pages of rotogravure pictures and 
pages in full color. Releases of the year issued through the office 
of the Public Relations Counsel numbered 329. 

Many features commanded especially good space and widespread 
circulation, some of them through national news and picture agencies 
as well as the large Chicago dailies. Syndicated rotogravure pages 
of the work in plastics carried on in the taxidermy and modeling 
studios of the Museum were prepared by Acme Newspictures, Inc., 
and published in newspapers of principal cities from coast to coast. 
A rotogravure spread was printed in the Chicago Daily News on the 
Museum's activities in the training of students from the University 
of Chicago, Antioch College, and the Art Institute of Chicago. There 
were: a page layout in the Chicago Sunday Times on work of the 


Robert Miller is announcing Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, for a 
radio broadcast to the Chicago public schools on opportunities in museum work. 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, a page in 
four colors of Museum exhibits in a "Chicago Vacation" series of 
articles in the Chicago Tribune, a rotogravure layout in the Chicago 
Sunday Tribune of bird photographs in connection with a special 
Museum exhibit, and a full-page picture of the Museum building 
on the cover of the Saturday rotogravure section of the Chicago 
Daily News. 

These examples are representative. Many other picture layouts 
and extended stories appeared not only in the papers mentioned but 
also in the Chicago Sun, Chicago Herald-American, Chicago Journal 
of Commerce, and Downtoivn Shopping News. For national and world- 


wide circulation of its stories and pictures the Museum is indebted 
to the Associated Press and its affiliate (Wide- World Photos), United 
Press, International News Service, Acme Newspictures, Science 
Service, and others. For the courtesy of transmission by pneumatic 
tube into the offices of local newspapers of urgent "spot news" from 
the Museum, grateful acknowledgement is made to the City News 
Bureau of Chicago. 

In addition to the metropolitan press, the Museum continued to 
distribute its news to hundreds of other publications, such as the 
community newspapers of various areas of Chicago, the foreign 
language newspapers of Chicago, the newspapers of the city's 
suburbs, and newspapers in upstate and downstate Illinois towns 
and cities. The Museum received attention in both news and special- 
feature programs of radio stations in Chicago and on national net- 
works. Among those that gave air time to the Museum were 
American Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broadcasting System, 
National Broadcasting Company, and Mutual Broadcasting System. 

After wartime curtailment of publication for several years, the 
Bulletin of the Museum was restored this year to a monthly basis. 
With twelve issues, with greater emphasis than ever before upon 
illustrations, and with the introduction of a number of changes, 
this monthly periodical kept the Members of the Museum more 
fully informed of Museum activities than hitherto. A supplemental 
value of the Bulletin arises from the fact that, because it is circulated 
to the full publicity list of newspapers, news agencies, and magazines, 
many of its articles are reprinted by these, thus adding to the total 
of Museum publicity. The Bulletin also is sent as an exchange 
publication to other museums, scientific societies, and libraries. 

The Museum, as in other years, was advertised by means of 
posters announcing its lecture courses for adults and Raymond 
Foundation programs for children. Thousands of folders were 
distributed through widespread agencies. The Museum also con- 
tinued, with the other principal museums of the city, the publication 
and distribution of thousands of copies of a folder describing the 
attractions of each institution. The advertising efforts of the 
Museum were assisted without charge by the Chicago and North 
Western Railway; the Illinois Central System; the Chicago Rapid 
Transit Lines (which in the latter part of the year became part of 
the Chicago Transit Authority); the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin 
Railroad; and the public-service bureaus of newspapers, hotels, 
department stores, and other organizations. 


The Book Shop 

More and more, visitors at the Museum are finding the Book Shop 
a dehghtful place in which to shop. From its beginning in 1938, 
every successive year, with the exception of 1940, has shown an 
increase in sales. Book Shop service is partly responsible for this 
unusual success. On special order, the Book Shop will obtain for 
purchasers almost any book available from any publisher or dealer 
in the world. Books may be ordered by mail, and increasing numbers 
of people are taking advantage of this convenience. Here a visitor 
may obtain books for the youngest nature lover as well as for the 
mature scientist. And he may buy them secure in the knowledge 
that they are accurate, because all books sold in the Book Shop 
have been approved by members of the Museum's scientific staff. 
We take pride in this method of teaching natural history. 


More customers were served by the Museum cafeteria in 1947 than 
in any year since the cafeteria was opened. There were 111,112 
persons served in the cafeteria and 134,274 served in the lunchroom, 
making a total of 245,386, in comparison with 213,536 for 1946. 
The lunchroom is open to all visitors, but it is used principally by 
school children who bring their own lunches and wish to supplement 
them by the purchase of milk, soft drinks, or dessert. 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 

All exterior woodwork of the Museum building was painted and 
heavy wire-mesh window guards were installed on all terrace-level 
windows. Frames and sash in the second floor light courts were 
repainted and repaired as needed. The discovery of termites in 
certain ground-floor areas necessitated the undertaking of immediate 
and thorough measures for their extermination. 

A small room for rare books was constructed in one corner of 
the new extension stackroom of the Library, and the bindery was 
moved into larger quarters across the hall from its former location. 
A rubber tile floor was laid in the new stackroom and one of asphalt 
tile in the Recorder's office. A new office and laboratory were 
prepared and equipped for the Division of Motion Pictures. A small 
room and storage closet were built at one end of the photo-operating 
room, which was redecorated ; and a small area of the shipping room, 
on the ground floor, was partitioned off for use of the shipping clerk. 
An acoustical ceiling was installed in the cafeteria and in the projec- 


tion booths of the James Simpson Theatre and the lecture hall. 
These new ceilings, by reducing echo, have noticeably decreased the 
noise in the cafeteria and, in the Theatre and lecture hall, have 
greatly increased the carrying quality and clarity of the voice. 

Extensive repairs were made in the heating plant, and all four 
boilers were thoroughly cleaned. A new and more efficient incinerator 
was installed. A number of steam lines on the third floor were 
rerouted and additional radiators were connected where necessary. 
Sixty-eight large fluorescent light fixtures were hung in offices and 
workrooms throughout the building, and several electric circuits were 
run in to supply power for new machinery, power tools, and exhaust 
fans. A flake-ice machine was installed to effect a saving in the cost 
of ice needed for the operation of the cafeteria. Additional electric 
water coolers were installed throughout the building. Under con- 
tracts in force, a total of 16,107,550 pounds of steam was sold to 
the John G. Shedd Aquarium and 17,014,688 to the Chicago Park 
District, a total of 33,122,238 pounds delivered during the year. 

It would be impossible to detail the multiplicity of tasks accom- 
plished by the Maintenance and Engineering Divisions in the normal 
routine of their work. It is a major achievement just to keep the 
Museum building and its equipment in good condition and in operat- 
ing order. In addition, personnel of these divisions are habitually 
called upon, in connection with the exhibition program, to assist in 
moving equipment and exhibit cases for the various departments. 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements (1946, 1947), attendance statistics and door receipts 
(1946, 1947), list of accessions, list of Members, articles of incorpora- 
tion, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg 
Director, Chicago Natural History Museum 



FOR YEARS 1946 AND 1947 

Income 1947 1945 

Endowment funds $641,264.02 $558,331.93 

Funds held under annuity 

agreement 17,839.28 18,242.30 

Life Membership fund 9,071.61 9,246.57 

Associate Membership fund. . . 11,729.14 11,811.06 

Chicago Park District 132,071.98 136,242.43 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 17,850.00 16,775.00 

Admissions 34,420.00 31,826.25 

Sundry receipts 31,659.80 27,978.95 

Contributions, general pur- 
poses 634.00 373.99 

Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 82,968.46 7,560.18 

Special funds — part expended 
for purposes designated 

(included per contra) 22,752.47 32,752.37 

$1,002,260.76 $851,141.03 


Collections $ 25,130.65 $ 11,633.88 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections . . 44,878.63 44,544.14 

Expeditions 25,998.04 32,588.07 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 152,803.20 19,017.60 

Wages capitalized and added 

to fixtures 6,143.85 945.65 

Pensions and group insurance. 59,583.62 64,286.42 

Departmental expenses 83,087.30 72,346.32 

General operating expenses .. . 516,766.70 395,527.27 

Building repairs and altera- 
tions 73,311.23 126,958.62 

Annuity on contingent gift . . . 25,000.00 25,000.00 

Reserve for building repairs 
and mechanical plant de- 
preciation 10,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies aris- 
ing from the War 40,000.00 

$1,012,703.22 $842,847.97 

Balance $ 8,293.06 

Deficit $ 10,442.46 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1947 1946 

Income from endowment $ 18,142.03 $ 17,032.18 

Expenditures 21,306.08 18,529.31 

Deficit $ 3,164.05 $ 1,497.13 



FOR YEARS 1946 AND 1947 

1947 1946 

Total attendance 1,183,308 1,287,436 

Paid attendance 137,680 127,305 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 26,522 

School children 68,230 

Teachers 2,815 

Members 474 

Service men and women 1,696 

Special meetings attendance 6,120 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (51) 129,586 

Saturdays (52) 300,990 

Sundays (52) 509,195 

Highest attendance on any day ' 

(November 29) 16,789 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(January 7) 124 (December 18) 148 

Highest paid attendance (September 1). 4,930 (September 2) 4,399 

Average daily admissions (363 days) .... 3,260 (362 days) 3,556 

Average paid admissions (208 days) .... 662 (207 days) 615 













(April 6) 


Number of guides sold 23,329 

Number of articles checked 38,023 

Number of picture post cards sold 245,081 

Sales of publications, both scientific and 

popular, and photographs $11,832.34 






Department of Anthropology — Accessions 

Bartlett, Florence Dibell, Chi- 
cago: 12 carved wooden manikins, 126 
textiles, 3 decorated gourds, 1 silver 
necklace, 5 painted clay figurines, 14 
negatives, 3 Navaho blankets — Guate- 
mala and Southwest (gift). 

Bayless, Dr. Harold S., Chicago: 
1 robe of Maori chief — New Zealand 


Bullock, Dr. D. S., Detroit: 8 
archaeological specimens of stone — 
Chile (exchange). 

Capps, Marcia, Minneapolis: 1 shell 
lei— Tahiti (gift). 

Card, Mrs. Paul Q., Minneapolis: 
1 bowl, 1 jar, and 25 projectile points, 
all Hohokam, and 1 Hupa basket — 
Arizona (gift). 

Carpenter, Mrs. George A., Chi- 
cago: 1 Alaskan fishhook, 1 Mexican 
mask, 1 Balinese tortoise-shell fan, and 
1 tapa cloth and 1 food bowl, both from 
Polynesia (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1947): 369 artifacts, 30 whole or restor- 
able pots, 10,000 potsherds — near Re- 
serve, New Mexico. 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Ethnological Expedition to Micronesia, 
1947): 44 ethnological specimens — 
Marshall and Mortlock Islands, Micro- 

Collected by Dr. and Mrs. James B. 
Watson: 166 anthropometric forms, 527 
negatives — Mato Grosso, Brazil. 

Purchase: 340 prehistoric artifacts — 
Western Aleutian Islands. 

DouBLEDAY, RiCHARD Al, Morgan 
Park, Illinois: 1 boy's costume — 
Guatemala (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Thomasville, 
Georgia: 1 partially finished fishing net, 
with 2 netting shuttles and ball of fine 
cotton netting twine — Michoacan, 
Mexico (gift). 

Gregory, Mrs. Alice H., Chicago: 
36 textiles and 2 costumed dolls — • 
Guatemala (gift). 

Hughes, Thomas S., Chicago: 1 vase 
—Italy (gift). 

McCoRMiCK, Mrs. Chauncey, Chi- 
cago: 2 amulets of animal gods — Egypt 

Mead, Aaron B. (deceased): 26 
dentalium shells used as medium of 
exchange — Puget Sound (gift). 

NiKLAUS, George F., Boise, Idaho: 
1 Chinese dollar (gift). 

Oakes, Gradie, Chicago: Collection 
of about 500 scrapers, projectile points, 
and fragments, of Archaic and Wood- 
land types — near Mammoth Cave, 
Kentucky (gift). 

Wang, Major Ching-Yien, Rantoul, 
Illinois: 1 rubbing from inscription on 
stone monument — Shansi Province, 
China (gift). 

Department of Botany — Accessions 

Acosta SoLis, Professor Misael, 
Quito, Ecuador: 8,000 specimens of 
plants from Ecuador (gift). 

Agostinho, Lieutenant Colonel J., 
Angra de Heroismo, Azores Islands: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Anceita, Felipe, Lima, Peru: 4 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Anderson, Dr. Edgar, St. Louis: 1 
specimen of Tripsacum (gift). 

Archer, W. A., Belem, Para, Brazil: 

1 trunk section of Malouetia (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 1 plant specimen (ex- 


Bailey Hortorium, Ithaca, New 
York : 47 specimens of Rubus (exchange) . 

Bauer, Bill, Webster Groves, Mis- 
souri: 40 plant specimens (gift). 

Belcher, Dr. R. O., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: Icryptogamicspecimen (gift). 

Bernice p. Bishop Museum, Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Binnv, H. B., Victoria, British Co- 
lumbia: 20 samples of woods (e.xchange). 

BoNDAR, Dr. Gregorio, Bahia, 
Brazil: 91 specimens of Brazilian plants 

Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia: 73 specimens of plants from New 
South Wales (exchange). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 47 specimens of algae (gift). 

Bromley, Mrs. S. W., Stamford, 
Connecticut: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Buell, Mrs. Helen Foot, New 
Brunswick, New Jersey: 13 specimens 
of algae (gift). 

Cain, Dr. Stanley A., Bloomfield 
Hills, Michigan: 3 specimens of plankton 
algae (gift). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 108 specimens of Cali- 
fornia plants (exchange). 

Cardenas, Professor Martin, La 
Paz, Bolivia: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 23 specimens of algae (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren 
(Botanical Expedition to Cuba, 1947): 
30 specimens of Cuban plants. 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Ber- 
muda Zoological Expedition, 1947): 41 
marine algae. 

Collected by Donald Richards and 
Dr. Francis Drouet: 500 cryptogamic 
specimens from Indiana. 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Ethnological Expedition to Micro- 
nesia, 1947): 25 cryptogams from 
Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. 

Collected by Paul C. Standley 
(Botanical Expedition to Nicaragua, 
Honduras, and El Salvador, 1946-47): 
25,000 plant specimens. 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams: 52 
specimens of Cuban plants, 92 specimens 
of Venezuelan woods. 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams and 
W. A. Toole: 18 specimens of culinary 
herbs from Michigan. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 59 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 244 plant specimens — 
Brazil; 660 plant specimens Colombia; 
230 plant specimens— Ecuador; 275 
plant specimens— Korea; 50 plant speci- 
mens — Venezuela; 568 plant specimens 
— West Indies and South America; 615 
cryptogamic specimens — Colorado; 620 
cryptogamic specimens — New Zealand; 
1,800 cryptogamic specimens — Scandi- 
navia; 28,869 miscellaneous crypto- 
gamic specimens. 

Cibulskis, Peter, Hinsdale, Illinois: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

CoLEGio DE La Salle, Vedado, 
Havana, Cuba: 388 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Cooke, Dr. William Bridge, Pull- 
man, Washington: 4 specimens of algae 


CuATRECASAS, Dr. Jose, Chicago: 
6 specimens of algae, about 30,000 her- 
barium specimens, nearly 1,000 wood 
samples (gift). 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 51 
plant specimens, 63 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 105 specimens of algae (gift). 

Damann, Dr. Kenneth E., Charles- 
ton, Illinois: 22 specimens of algae (gift). 

Daston, J. S., Chicago: 1 specimen 
of orchid, 6 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Evanston, 
Illinois: 85 specimens of algae (gift). 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 188 
plant specimens and 353 cryptogamic 
specimens from Moravia; 192 crypto- 
gamic specimens from Indiana and 
Illinois (gift). 

Durham, Oren C, North Chicago, 
Illinois: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Edwards, T. H., Palawan Island, 
Philippine Islands: 1 economic speci- 
men (gift). 

EscuELA Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 1 wood sample 

Field, Dr. Henry, Thomasville, 
Georgia: 18 specimens of fungi, 2 
economic specimens (gift). 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
21 specimens of Texas plants, 15 speci- 
mens of algae and mosses (gift). 


Flint, Dr. Lewis H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 16 specimens of algae (ex- 

FoNNER, John W., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

FosBERG, Dr. F. Raymond, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 54 cryptogamic specimens 

Franck, Barbara, Chicago: 3 speci- 
mens of lichens (gift). 

Frank, Peter W., Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift). 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Chicago: 
159 specimens of Illinois plants (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, Chi- 
cago: 6 specimens of cultivated plants 

Garnier, Brother Antonio, Ma- 
nagua, Nicaragua: 450 specimens of 
plants from Nicaragua (gift). 

Graham, Dr. Verne O., Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 359 plant specimens (ex- 

Greenberg, Albert, Tampa, 
Florida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 2 specimens of fungi 

Gustafson, Dr. A. G., Brunswick, 
Maine: 11 specimens of algae (gift). 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 314 speci- 
mens of algae (gift); 201 specimens of 
mosses (exchange). 

Hewetson, W. T., Freeport, Illinois: 
2 plant specimens (gift). 

Hsiao, Dr. Sidney, Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Howard, Dr. Richard A., New 
York: 89 specimens of Rubiaceae (ex- 

HuMM, Dr. Harold J., Beaufort, 
North Carolina: 60 specimens of algae 


Hunziker, a. T., Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 168 specimens of plants from 
Argentina (exchange). 

Institute Botanique, Universite 
DE Montreal, Montreal, Canada: 720 
specimens of Canadian plants (ex- 

Instituto Agronomico DO Norte, 
Belem, Para, Brazil: 695 specimens of 
Brazilian plants (exchange). 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universi- 
DAD DE Tucuman, Tucuman, Argentina: 
2,000 specimens of plants from Argen- 
tina (exchange). 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, Ne- 
braska: 949 specimens of Nebraska 
plants, 379 specimens of algae (gift); 
156 specimens of algae (exchange). 

Killip, Ellsworth P., Washington, 
D. C: 9 specimens of Venezuela plants 

KoRSTiAN, C. F., Durham, North 
Carolina: 50 plant specimens (gift). 

Krapovickas, Dr. Antonio, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina: 80 plant specimens 

Lacas, Professor M. M., Mon- 
terrey, Mexico: 446 specimens of 
Mexican plants (gift). 

LiNDAUER, Dr. V. W., Pihama, New 
Zealand: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

LiNDSEY, Dr. a. a., Lafayette, In- 
diana: 39 specimens of algae (gift). 

Long, Lewis E., Washington, D. C: 
105 plant specimens and collection of 
seeds from Nicaragua (gift). 

Louderback, Harold B., Argo, 
Illinois: 92 cryptogamic specimens 


Macbride, J. Francis, Palo Alto, 
California: 336 cryptogamic specimens 

MacDougall, T., New York: 4 
plant specimens (gift). 

McAtee, Dr. Waldo L., Chicago: 
2 plant specimens (gift). 

McBryde, Professor J. B., Denton, 
Texas: 118 specimens of Texas plants 

McNeill, Dr. E. Meade, Athens, 
West Virginia: 3 cryptogamic specimens 


McVaugh, Dr. Rogers, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 47 specimens of Michigan 
plants (exchange). 

Margalef, Dr. Ramon, Barcelona, 
Spain: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Markle, Dr. M. S., Richmond, 
Indiana: 28 specimens of algae (gift). 

Matuda, Professor Eizi, Escuintla, 
Chiapas, Mexico: 1,319 specimens of 
Mexican plants (gift). 

Maxon, Dr. William R., Washing- 
ton, D. C.: 1 crvptogamic specimen 


May, Dr. Valerie, Cronulla, Aus- 
tralia: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 


Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 20 plant specimens (gift). 

MoLDENKE, Dr. Harold N., New 
York: 105 plant specimens (gift); 7 
plant specimens, 117 photographic 
prints (exchange). 

MusEO Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 326 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Museum National d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Laboratoire de Crypto- 
GAMIE, Paris, France: 20 specimens of 
bryophytes (exchange). 

National Herbarium, Botanic 
Gardens, Sydney, Australia: 125 speci- 
mens of Australian plants (exchange). 

National Museum of Prague, De- 
partment of Botany, Prague, Czecho- 
slovakia: 200 plant specimens (ex- 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
BoTANiSKA Avdelningen, Stockholm, 
Sweden: 1,358 specimens of plants from 
Brazil and Argentina (exchange). 

New York Botanical Garden, New 
York: 6 plant specimens (gift); 704 
plant specimens, 331 specimens of 
mosses (exchange). 

NoCKLER, A., Omaruru, Southwest 
Africa: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Orr, Anne Estelle, Dallas, Texas: 
21 specimens of algae (gift). 

Overton, William R., Wesley 
Gillespie, Arlington Heights, Illinois, 
AND J. Francis Macbride, Palo Alto, 
California: 513 miscellaneous crypto- 
gams (gift). 

Palmer, Dr. C. M., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Patino, Dr. Victor M., Call, Co- 
lombia: 5 specimens of pop corn from 
Colombia (exchange). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania: 8 specimens of algae 


Patterson, Bryan, Harvey, Illinois: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Phillips, O. D., Belize, British Hon- 
duras: 49 plant specimens (gift). 

Phinney, Dr. Harry K., Chicago: 

1 plant specimen (gift). 

Przydatek, Halyna, Chicago: 1 
model of a victory garden (gift). 

Raddin, Louise, Chicago: 1,250 mis- 
cellaneous plant specimens (gift). 

Rancho Santa Ana Botanic 
Garden, Anaheim, California: 174 
specimens of conifers (exchange). 

Rapp, William F., Jr., Urbana, 

Illinois: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

Richards, Donald, Chicago: 50 
specimens of mosses (gift). 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Win- 
netka, Illinois: 6 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Rijksherbarium, Leiden, Holland: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (exchange). 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Canada: 18 specimens of algae (gift). 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
Surrey, England: 513 specimens of 
Peruvian plants, 44 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Rubinstein, Mrs. Harriet, Chi- 
cago: 53 plant specimens (gift). 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 8 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Schallert, Dr. P. 0., Orlando, 
Florida: 140 specimens of algae (gift); 
31 -specimens of algae, 561 specimens of 
United States plants (exchange). 

SCHARF, Grace E., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 4 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Scott, Dr. A. M., New Orleans, 
Louisiana: 2 specimens of fresh- water 
algae (gift). 

Scott, Milton, Miami, Florida: 25 
wood specimens (exchange). 

Sharp, Professor Aaron J., Knox- 
ville, Tennessee: 2 plant specimens 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 21 
negatives, 28 photographic prints (gift). 

Sierra, Professor Hector M., 
Guatemala City, Guatemala: 1 water- 
color sketch, 1 plant specimen (gift). 

SiLVA, Herman, Knoxville, Tennessee: 
44 specimens of algae (gift). 

Sinsabaugh, Charles F., Columbus, 
Ohio: 1 specimen of bacteria (gift). 

Smith, Professor E. C, Fort Collins, 
Colorado: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

SouKUP, Professor J., Lima, Peru: 
232 .specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Starrett, Dr. W. C, Ames, Iowa: 11 
specimens of plankton algae (gift). 

State University of Iowa, Her- 
barium, Iowa City: 521 specimens of 
Iowa plants (exchange). 

Stevens, Dr. O. A., Fargo, North 
Dakota: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Har- 
rington, Illinois: 1,510 miscellaneous 
plant specimens, 22 .specimens of com- 
mercial .seeds (gift). 


Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois, and Dr. Theodor 
Just, Oak Park, Illinois: 3 specimens 
of fungi (gift). 

Stout, Mrs. Clifford, Barrington, 
Illinois: 29 plant specimens (gift). 

SwiNK, Floyd A., Chicago: 9 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 59 specimens of 
algae (gift); 2 specimens of algae (ex- 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Forest Service, Wash- 
ington, D. C: 7 plant specimens (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D. C: 77 plant specimens 

Universidad Nacional, Seccion de 
BOTANICA, Medellin, Colombia: 178 
specimens of Colombian plants (gift). 

University of Adelaide, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Adelaide, Australia: 
268 specimens of marine algae and 
vascular plants (exchange). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Berkeley: 989 speci- 
mens of algae (gift); 12 specimens of 
plants from Mexico and Central America 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment OF Anthropology, Chicago: 2 
plant specimens (gift). 

University of Minnesota, De- 
partment OF Botany, Minneapolis: 
43 plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Texas, Department 
OF Botany, Austin: 2,143 plant speci- 
mens (gift); 432 plant specimens (ex- 

University of Wisconsin, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Madison: 20 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
97 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Vaughan's Seed Company, Chicago: 
310 packets of commercial flower and 
vegetable seeds, 2 catalogues (gift). 

VOTH, Dr. Paul, Chicago: 236 speci- 
mens of ferns (gift). 

Walpole, Stewart J., Park Ridge, 
Illinois: 1 specimen of cola nuts (gift). 

Williams, Louis G., Durham, North 
Carolina: 8 specimens of blue-green 
algae (gift). 

Williams, Dr. M. W., La Jolla, 
California: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Wynne, Dr. Frances E., Chicago: 
15 specimens of mosses (gift). 

Department of Geology — Accessions 

Bailey, Alfred M., Denver: 5 
photographs showing differential ero- 
sion — Utah and Colorado (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Flint, Michigan: 
Collection of fossil vertebrates, 22 in- 
vertebrate fossils — various localities 

Berner, Dr. Leopold, Marseille, 
France: 11 invertebrate fossils — near 
des Aygalaees pres Marseille (transfer). 

Boyd, Houston, Lindsberg, Kansas: 
4 quartz rosettes — Georgia (gift). 

British Museum, London, England: 
Collection of casts of fossil birds (ex- 

Brown, Dr. Dugald E. S., St. 
George's, Bermuda: 48 fossil inverte- 
brates — Bermuda (gift). 

Chappers, Michael, Chicago: 1 
specimen of fluorite, 1 specimen of 
conglomerate — near Cincinnati, Ohio 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Ber- 
muda Zoological Expedition, 1947): 12 
geological specimens — Bermuda. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal 
(Philippines Zoological Expedition, 
1946-47): 1 specimen of psilomelane — 
near Dimaniang, Philippine Islands. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn: (Colorado Paleonto- 
logical Expedition, 1947): Collection of 
fossil vertebrates — Nebraska and Colo- 

Collected by Bryan Patterson, James 
H. Quinn, and John M. Schmidt (Pale- 
ontological Expedition to the South- 
west, 1946): Collection of vertebrate 
fossils, invertebrate fossils, and fossil 
plants — Presidio County, Texas. 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr.: 30 specimens of stromatolites, 7 


lithological specimens — Wisconsin and 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and C. M. Barber (Field Trip to Ala- 
bama, 1947): Collection of vertebrate 
and invertebrate fossils — Alabama. 

Collected by John W. Winn : 4 gypsum 
helictites — near Mammoth Cave, Ken- 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
(Field Trip to the Washakie Basin in 
Wyoming, 1947): Collection of verte- 
brate fossils — Sweetwater County, 

Made in Paleontological Laboratory: 
Cast of part of palate of Felsinotherium 
ossivallense — (made from original loaned 
by C. M. Elmore, Horn Lake, Missis- 

Made in Paleontological Laboratory: 
Cast and mold of natural cast of turtle 
carapace — (original specimen owned by 
Mrs. Julia Latham, De Beque, Colo- 

Purchases: 6 specimens of Param- 
phibian trails; 34 mineral specimens; 
1 fossil sea shell; individual stone 
meteorite; cast of jaw and cast of facial 
region of skull of Proconsul africmius 
Hopwood; 3 invertebrate fossils — vari- 
ous localities. 

Cox, Dr. George H., St. Petersburg, 
Florida: 2 specimens of Ostrea coxi 
Gardner — Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, 
Florida (gift). 

Evans, Glen L., Austin, Texas: 1 
fossil gastropod — Williamson County, 
Texas (gift). 

Eversole, Roy, Bitter Creek, Wyo- 
ming: 1 specimen of dakeite — Carbon 
County, Wyoming (gift). 

Fay, Robert 0., St. Louis: Collection 
of invertebrate fossils — various localities 

Field, Dr. Henry, Thomasville, 
Georgia: 16 geological specimens — Mex- 
ico (gift). 

Freudenheim, Priscilla, Chicago: 

1 specimen of chrome ore — near Manila, 
Philippine Lslands (gift). 

GouGH, John Robert, Canal Zone, 
Panama: Collection of fossil inverte- 
brates and plants — Canal Zone, Panama 


Hambleton, Elizabeth, Washing- 
ton, D. C: 100 shark teeth (fossil) — 
Breezy Point, Maryland (exchange). 

Heide, Mrs. B. H., Chicago: Skull 
and jaws of Merycoidodon culbertsoni, 

2 agates — unknown localities (gift). 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago: 5 
specimens of basalt and tuff — Hawaiian 
Lslands (gift). 

Jennings, John W., Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas: 6 geological specimens — 
Eureka Springs, Arkansas (gift). 

Jones, John E., Benton, Illinois: 14 
fossil plants— West Frankfort, Illinois 

Jones, Kent, Joplin, Missouri: 2 
fossil pelecypods Bosque County, 
Texas (gift). 

King, Richard Charles, Colorado 
Springs, Colorado: 1 specimen of green 
quartzite — Colorado Springs (gift). 

Langford, George, Chicago: 1 fossil 
fish scale, 2 invertebrate fossils— Wil- 
mington, Illinois (gift). 

LoFQUiST, Ralph J., Chicago: 1 
specimen of lead ore — unknown locality 


LowENSTAMM, H. A., Urbana, Illi- 
nois: Portion of carapace of Terrapene 
cf . ornata (Agassiz) — Yellville, Arkansas 


Menzel, William E., Chicago: 1 
specimen of dakeite, 1 specimen of 
fluorite — Wyoming and Illinois (gift). 

MusEO Argentino de Ciences 
Naturelles, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 
Casts of original specimens of Phoro- 
rhacos affiyiis, Anchornis euryrhyncus, 
Pseudolarus guaraneticus, Smiliornis 
penetrans (exchange); casts of speci- 
mens of anteater foot bones (gift). 

Nolan, Dr. Thomas B., Washington, 
D. C: 1 stibnite specimen — near 
Shikoku, Japan (gift). 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michigan: 
3 meteorites — various localities, (gift). 

Petit, Maurice, St. Thomas, Virgin 
Islands: 20 Upper Cretaceous fossils, 
3 lithological samples — Coki Point, St. 
Thomas, Virgin Islands (gift). 

Price, Arthur C, Los Angeles: 
Collection of invertebrate fossils, collec- 
tion of Pleistocene fossils — California 


Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Win- 
netka, Illinois: 1 specimen of petrified 
wood, 2 mineral and 6 rock specimens, 
1 specimen of Cryptozoon \indulatum 
Bassler, 197 specimens of invertebrate 
fossils — various localities (gift). 

Rothrock, David P., Vermillion, 
South Dakota: Fragment of roofing 
tile fused by atomic bomb dropped on 


Hiroshimo, Japan — Hiroshimo, Japan 

Royal Ontario Museum of Pale- 
ontology, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 
4 plaster casts of skulls and jaws of 
vertebrate fossils (exchange). 

TowEY, Charles, Westmont, Illi- 
nois: 4 minerals, 1 invertebrate fossil — 
South Dakota and Illinois (gift). 

Turner, Filmore, Oak Park, Illinois: 
17 invertebrate fossils — New Mexico 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 
Collection of fossil vertebrates — various 
localities (gift). 

University of Texas, Austin: Cast 
of skull of Felsinotkerium ossivallense 

Woodcock, Paul J., St. Clair, Mis- 
souri: 1 specimen of drusy quartz, 1 
specimen of barite — Washington 
County, Missouri (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, 
Illinois: 23 invertebrate fossils — Was- 
hakie Basin, Wyoming (gift). 

Department of Zoology — Accessions 

AcosTA Y Lara, Eduardo F., Uru- 
guay: 19 mammals — Uruguay and Para- 
guay (exchange). 

Allen, Ross, Silver Springs, Florida: 
480 reptiles and amphibians— Florida 

Barnes, Judge R. Magoon (de- 
ceased): 280 egg clutches, 39 shells — 
various localities (gift). 

Bauer, Margaret J., Chicago: 1 
bird — Chicago (gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 8 
birds, 3 insects — Chicago and New 
Caledonia (gift). 

BiESE, Dr. Walter, Chile, South 
America: 16 shells — Antofagasta, Chile 

Brandt, William, Herrala, Finland: 
20 insects — Europe (gift). 

Brodie, Laura, Chicago: 76 reptiles 
and amphibians — North America (gift). 

Brown, Walter C, Rochester, New 
York: 3 amphibians — North Carohna 

Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 1 lot 
of accessories for sea-otter group, 11 
lairds — various localities (gift). 

Cansdale, G. S., Africa: 1 mammal — 
Gold Coast, Africa (gift). 

Carlson, Ruth, and Ellen Carl- 
son, West Chicago, Illinois: 1 mammal 
—Isle of Man (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by C. J. Albrecht and T. 
Moore (The Mr. and Mrs. William S. 
Street Zoological Expedition to Alaska) : 
1 adult and 2 juvenile Alaskan bears, a 
skull, leg bones, and casts — Alaska. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal and 
Floyd G. Werner (Philippines Zoological 
Expedition, 1946-47): 2,625 mammals, 
966 birds, 7 birds' eggs, 1 bird nest, 1,134 
reptiles, 1,852 amphibians, 771 fishes, 
242 Crustacea, slugs, and earthworms — 
Philippine Islands. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn (Colorado Paleonto- 
logical Expedition, 1947): 6 reptiles 
and amphibians — Colorado and Ne- 

Collected by Bryan Patterson, James 
H. Quinn, and John M. Schmidt 
(Paleontological Expedition to the 
Southwest, 1946): 1 bird, 68 reptiles 
and amphibians, 1 series of tadpoles — 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn: 4 
mammals, 5 reptiles and amphibians, 
9 shells — Arkansas. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt and 
others: 126 reptiles and amphibians, 
24 lower invertebrates — Texas and 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Ethnological Expedition to Micro- 
nesia, 1947): 49 shells — Micronesia. 

Collected by Dr. Paul C. Standley 
(Botanical Expedition to Nicaragua, 
Honduras, and El Salvador, 1946-47): 
Part of a mammal skull, 1 amphibian, 
78 insects and their allies, 160 shells — 
Nicaragua and Honduras. 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and C. M. Barber (Field Trip to 
Alabama, 1947): 16 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Alabama. 

Collected by Mr. and Mrs. John W. 
Winn: 6 amphibians, 1,483 fishes, 18 


Crustacea and shells — Middlewest 
United States. 

Collected by Frank C. Wonder 
(Trinidad Zoological Expedition, 1947): 
219 mammals, 38 birds, 359 reptiles and 
amphibians, 5 series of tadpoles, 213 
fishes, 373 insects and their allies, 157 
lower invertebrates — Trinidad. 

Purchases: 644 mammals, 876 birds, 
2,091 reptiles and amphibians, 414 
fishes, 42,679 insects and their allies, 
925 lower invertebrates — various locali- 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 9 mammals, 16 
birds, 33 reptiles and amphibians — 
various localities (gift). 

Colorado Museum of Natural 
History, Denver: 1 bird — North 
America (gift). 

CoNANT, Roger, Philadelphia: 115 
reptiles and amphibians — Del-Mar-Va 
Peninsula (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 2 

birds, 1 reproduction of a Labrador 
duck, 1 pair of rhinoceros horns — 
various localities (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton, Illinois: 
28 amphibians, 27 shells — Illinois and 
Colorado (gift). 

Demaree, Delzie, Jonesboro, Ar- 
kansas: 182 clams — Arkansas (gift). 

Dos Passos, Cyril F., Mendham, 
New Jersey: 39 insects — North America 

Drake, Robert J., Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 79 shells — New Mexico 
and Nevada (gift). 

DucoFF, H. S., Chicago: 112 fishes, 
820 shells and Crustacea — South Pacific 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 3,753 
insects and their allies, 27 shells — 
various localities (gift). 

Eigsti, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
60 ectoparasitic insects and allies — 
Hastings, Nebraska (gift). 

Ellis, A. E., Surrey, England: 39 
clams — Europe (exchange). 

Emerson, John A., Chicago: 1 bird — 
Chicago (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Thomasville, 
Georgia: 1 reptile, 2 amphibians, 37 
insects, 97 shells — various localities 

Fowler, James A., Washington, 
D. C: 120 reptiles and amphibians — 
Maryland and Virginia (exchange). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 3 
birds — Illinois (gift). 

Graefe, C. F., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio: 

2 birds- domestic (gift). 

Gregg, Colonel and Mrs. Clifford 
C, Valparaiso, Indiana: 1 mammal, 1 
amphibian — Valparaiso, Indiana (gift). 

GuiLLAUDEU, Robert, Chicago: 17 
reptiles and amphibians Illinois and 
Indiana (gift). 

Gyldenstolpe, Count Nils, Stock- 
holm, Sweden: 258 birds — South 
America (exchange). 

Haas, Ernst B., New York: 37 
shells — Gloucester, Massachusetts (gif t) . 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 36 shells 
— west coast of North America (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem, Pales- 
tine: 68 reptiles — various localities (ex- 
change); 50 shells — various localities 

Haas, Robert L., Chicago: 288 
fishes — Illinois (gift). 

Hagen, Ellsworth, South Pacific: 

3 mammals — Marianas Islands (gift). 

HiNTON, Sam, La Jolla, California: 
7 reptiles — California (gift). 


Jewett, Jr., Chicago and Portland, 
Oregon: 28 birds — Dutch New Guinea 

Hotalen, Esther, Chicago: 2 lower 
invertebrates — Texas (gift). 

HowORKA, H., Wonder Lake, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal — domestic (gift). 

HuBRiCHT, Leslie, Battle Creek, 
Michigan: 5 fishes, 1,093 lower in- 
vertebrates — various localities (gift). 

Humphreys, Paul, Whiting, Indiana: 

4 reptiles — New Mexico (gift). 

Hurley, John B., Yakima, Wash- 
ington: 16 sets of birds' eggs — North 
America (exchange). 

Illinois Humane Society, Chicago: 
1 mammal — Chicago (gift). 

Jacobsen, Morris K., Rockaway, 

New York: 19 lower invertebrates — 
IlHnois (gift). 

Jewett, Stanley G., Jr., Portland, 
Oregon: 174 mammals — Dutch New 
Guinea (gift). 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 
232 reptiles and amphibians — Texas 

Johnson, Murray L., Tacoma, 
Washington: 3 reptile.s — Tacoma, Wash- 
ington (gift). 


Just, Dr. Theodor, Oak Park, 
Illinois: 43 shells — Greece (gift). 

Kern, Edwin G., Chicago: 4 fishes — 
Michigan (gift). 

Klemm, Walter, Strasswalchen, Aus- 
tria: 1,532 lower invertebrates —Aus- 
tria (exchange). 

Kraus, N. L. H., Canal Zone, 
Panama: 32 reptiles and amphibians, 
7 shells — various localities (gift). 

Kreuger, R., Helsingfors, Finland: 
102 sets of birds' eggs — various localities 

KuRFESS, John A., Pensacola, 
Florida: 34 reptiles, 2 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Laenen, Julian, Brussels, Belgium: 
150 birds — various localities (exchange). 

Levi, Wendell M., Sumter, South 
Carolina: 7 birds — domestic (gift). 

Lewy, Dr. Alfred, Chicago: 2 
birds — Chicago (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 4 mam- 
mals, 1 bird, 18 reptiles and amphibians, 
26 lower invertebrates — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Lowrie, Dr. D. C, Las Vegas, New 
Mexico: 71 lower invertebrates — Texas 

Lynn, Vernon, Whiting, Indiana: 4 
reptiles — Georgia and Indiana (gift). 

Malkin, Borys, Eugene, Oregon: 
180 insects — United States (exchange). 

Maria, Brother Niceforo, Bogota, 
Colombia: 16 mammals — Colombia 

Martin, Albert Irvin, Altoona, 
Pennsylvania: 1 reptile — Pennsylvania 

McElvare, Rowlan R., Long Is- 
land, New York: 6 insects — North 
America (gift). 

McViCKER, Don, Chicago: 1 mam- 
mal — Europe (gift). 

MoojEN, Dr. Joao, Lawrence, Kan- 
sas: 31 mammals — Brazil (gift). 

Moseley, Professor E. L., Bowling 
Green, Ohio: 1 mammal — Ohio (ex- 

Moyer, John W., Chicago: 1 bird — 

North America (gift). 

Museo Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
1 mammal — Brazil (exchange). 

MusEu Nacional de Rio de 
Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 24 
reptiles — Brazil (exchange). 

Museum National d'Historia 
Naturelle, Paris, France: 5 mammals 
— Africa and Madagascar (exchange). 
Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 4,000 
insects and their allies —various locali- 
ties (exchange); 26 lots of lower in- 
vertebrates — various localities (gift). 

Nelson, Charles D., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 9 lower invertebrates — 
Michigan and Indiana (gift). 

Nelson, Edward M., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 54 reptiles and amphibians 
— North America (exchange); 72 fishes, 
35 insects and their allies — North 
America (gift). 

New York Zoological Society, 
Bronx, New York: 2 mammals — South 
America (gift). 

Nicholson, Dr. Arnold J., Billings, 
Montana: 1 lower invertebrate — New 
Caledonia (gift). 

Odell, Jay, West Lake Forest, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — West Lake Forest, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

O'Mahony, Eugene, Dublin, Ire- 
land: 37 insects — England and Ireland 

Osier, Danny, Chicago: 1 reptile — 
Texas (gift). 

Parva, v., and J. Caja, Chicago: 
1 bird — Chicago (gift). 

Paulian, Dr. Renaud, Paris, France: 
29 insects — various localities (exchange). 

Plath, Karl, Brookfield, Illinois: 

1 right humerus of extinct great auk — 
Funk Island, Newfoundland (gift). 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal — Europe (gift). 

Potter, Mrs. Jane, Chicago: 1 
lower invertebrate — Illinois (gift). 

QuiNN, Dean, Ainsworth, Nebraska: 

2 reptiles — Ainsworth, Nebraska (gift). 

RiCKETTS, Edward F., Pacific Grove, 
California: 2 lower invertebrates — 
Vancouver Island, British Columbia 

Rosenbaum, Peter, Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 1 amphibian — Porter County, 
Indiana (gift). 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 1 mam- 
mal, 1 reptile, 1 amphibian— Virgin 
Islands (gift). 

RuECKERT, Mrs. Arthur G., Chi- 
cago: 14 insects and their allies — Zolfo 
Springs, Florida (gift). 

Sampson, W. B., Stockton, Cali- 
fornia: 17 clutches of eggs— various 
localities (gift). 


Sang, Philip D., River Forest, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — Kayanphate, Japan (gift). 

ScHUBART, Dr. Otto, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 48 lower invertebrates — Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (gift). 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale, New York: 80 shells — various 
localities (gift). 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
5 fishes — various localities (gift). 

Slater, James A., Urbana, Illinois: 
19 reptiles, 2 fishes— South Pacific 


Smith, Professor Clarence R., 
Aurora, Illinois: 3 mammals, 6 reptiles 
and amphibians — Illinois (gift). 

State Natural History Survey: 
Urbana, Illinois: 54 insects — Mexico 

Stevens, George M., Marcella, 
Arkansas: 1 mammal — Arkansas (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 1 snail — Illinois (gift). 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago: 1 
fish — Chicago (gift). 

Terra, Dr. Helmut de, Mexico, 
D. F., Mexico: 20 shells— Mexico (gift). 

Torre, Luis de la, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 4 mammals — Wisconsin (gift). 

Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South 
Africa: 2 mammals — South Africa (ex- 

Trapido, Harold, Panama, Panama: 
10 reptiles and amphibians Puerto 
Rico (gift). 

Traub, Captain Robert, 10 mam- 
mals, 2 insects— Mexico (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D. C, 9 reptiles— Syria 


University of Cincinnati, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio: 2 bird.s — Europe (exchange). 

VAN DER Schalie, Dr. Henry, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 35 lower inverte- 
brates—Kentucky (gift). 

Warner, Dwain Willard, Ithaca, 
New York: 1 mammal - Mexico (gift). 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, 

Illinois: 58 insects— various localities 

Westman, Burton J., Etna, Cali- 
fornia: 1 rattlesnake skin — California 

Williams, Dr. E. C, Chicago: 37 
insects — Chicago (gift). 

Winn, Mr. and Mrs. John W., 
Chicago: 7 reptiles and amphibians, 
237 fishes, 5 lots of lower invertebrates 
— Illinois and Michigan (gift). 

Wright, Major Howard T., Japan: 
308 insects and their allies — Japan 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 152 in- 
sects — United States (gift). 

YouNGREN, Emil W., Chicago: 1 
fish — Chicago (gift). 

Zimring, Daniel J., Chicago: 18 
shells — Florida (gift). 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
— Accessions 

Bazzoni, Frank, Ottawa, Illinois: 
4 color slides (gift). 

Carlson, Dr. C. Margery, Evans- 
ton, Illinois: 38 color slides (purchase). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
19 color slides, made by Division of 

DiEMER Studios, Madison, Wiscon- 
sin: 2 color slides (purchase). 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Chicago: 
120 color slides (purchase). 

Fuguet, William D., New York: 
1 color slide (gift). 

Gibbons, S. L., Chicago: 13 color 

slides (gift). 

Howe, Charles Albee, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 535 color slides (gift). 

Johnson, H. J., Chicago: 10 color 
slides (gift). 

Medberg, Mrs. H. L., Armington, 
Illinois: 2 color slides (gift). 

Osgood, R. M., Chicago: 1 color 
slide (gift). 

Parker, G. W., Bloomington, Illi- 
nois: 47 color slides (gift). 

Society for Visual Education, 
Chicago: 70 color slides (purchase). 

TuRTOX Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 3 color slides (purchase). 


Division of Photography — Accessions 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by Division of Photography: 
1,108 negatives, 19,555 prints, 1,318 en- 
largements, 215 lantern slides, 65 koda- 

chromes; 26 rolls of film developed. 

Made by John Bayalis: 6 negatives 
of children at the James Simpson 
Theatre in the Museum. 

Division of Motion Pictures — Accessions 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York; 2,900 feet 16mm 
film (purchase). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Division of Motion Pic- 
tures: 1,800 feet 16mm color film 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1947); 200 feet 16mm film, 200 feet 
16mm color film (Museum project). 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Chicago: 
275 feet 16mm film (purchase). 

Gray, Ralph E., Mexico, D. F., 
Mexico: 400 feet 16mm color film 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 625 feet 
16mm film (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 200 feet 16mm film, 100 feet 16mm 
film (gift). 

Shurcliff, Sidney N., Ipswich, 
Massachusetts: 2,400 feet 16mm film 

Zeiter, Hugo, Danville, Illinois: 975 
feet 16mm film (gift). 

Library Accessions — List of Donors: Institutions 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D. C. 

Consulat General de France, Chicago 

Melbourne Botanic Garden, Melbourne, 

Middle America Information Bureau 
(United Fruit Company), New York 

National Gallery of Art, Washington, 

D. C. 
National Research Council, Ottawa, 


New Hampshire Planning and Develop- 
ment Commission, Concord, New 

Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Company, Des 
Moines, Iowa 

Polish American Congress, Inc., Chicago 

Propeller Club of the United States, 
New York 

Sudan Government, Khartoum, Egyp- 
tian Sudan 

U. S. Brewers Foundation, Inc., New 

University of Chicago Library, Chicago 

University of Minnesota Press, Minne- 

Library Accessions — List of Donors: Individuals 

Ames, Oakes, Cambridge, Massachu- 

Carson, Mrs. Frank W., Pasadena, 

Benesch, B., Downey, lUinois ^olby, Carl, Loyol, Wisconsin 

Brumfield, Stanton C, Santa Fe, Collier, Donald, Chicago 

New Mexico Coremans, P., Brussels, Belgium 


Cory, Charles B., Homewood, Illinois 
Conover, Boardman, Chicago 
Conover, Margaret, Chicago 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Chicago 

Fehringer, Dr. Otto, Heidelberg, Ger- 

Field, Dr. Henry, Thomasville, Georgia 
Field, Stanley, Chicago 

Franco, Modesto Chavez, Guayaquil, 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Gusinde, Martin, Laxenburg, Austria 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 

Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago 

Hitt, Henry C, Seattle, Washington 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago 

Hoyne, Mrs. Thomas Temple, Chicago 

Hubbs, Carl L., La Jolla, California 

Just, Dr. Theodor, Oak Park, Illinois 

Kraft, James Lewis, New York 

Mazur, A., Chicago 

McAtee, Dr. Waldo L., Chicago 

Neylan, John Francis, San Francisco 
Nichols, Dr. H. W., Chicago 

Perry, Stuart H., Tucson, Arizona 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, In- 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Winnetka, 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Barrington, 

Story, H. Elizabeth, Chicago 

Weed, Alfred C, Cassadaga, Florida 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illinois 

Wright, Major Howard T., San Fran- 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her 
lifetime. These annuities are guaranteed against fluctua- 
tion in amount, and may reduce federal income taxes. 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 

* Deceased 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

Deceased, 1947 
McCormick, Stanley 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1947 
Hack, Frederick C. 

Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, ivho have rendered 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

eminent service to the Museum 

Humbert, Professor 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Deceased, 1947 

Christensen, Dr. Carl 

Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Keith, Professor Sir 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 

* Deceased 

Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 

American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Richards, Donald 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 



Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Doering, O. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

* Deceased 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H." 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 
Wolcott, Albert B. 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
ColHns, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1947 
Hack, Frederick C. 

Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton L 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, WiUiam F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V, 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 

Kidston, William H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter RadclifTe 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 

Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 


LIFE MEMBERS {Continued) 

Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Harold H, 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 

Cudahy, Joseph M. 

Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 

Hack, Frederick C. 

Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 

Deceased, 1947 

Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hopkins, J. M. 

Insull, Martin J. 

McCormick, Stanley 
McNulty, T. J. 

Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wick wire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
WiLson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Nikolas, G. J. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Yates, David M. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Bennett, Mrs. Irene 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Deceased, 1947 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 

Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 

Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 



Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babb, W. E. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 

Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballanger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C., Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 

Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, PhiHp D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 



Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Bovack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
BoVnton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 

Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
BuchncT, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Bufiington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 

Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 

Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. ArmisteadB. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 



Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Maryin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
ColUns, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colyin, Miss Catharine 
Colyin, Miss Jessie 
Colyin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Dayid S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, Dayid 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 

Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Dayey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
Dayid, Dr. Vernon C. 
Dayidson, Dayid W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E 
Dayies, Marshall 
Dayis, Arthur 
Dayis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 

Degen, David 
DeGoIyer, Robert S. 
deKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Donohue, William F. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 



Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
EHiott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 

Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Franken.stein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 



Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Gelling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F'. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 

Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E.. Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
GrifTenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 

Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen. Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 



Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heffernan, Miss Lily 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 

Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Warren D. 

Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 
Katherine J. 
Hud.son, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, James P. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 



Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junckunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris L 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 

Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, David W. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 

Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 

Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 

Knutson, George H. 

Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 

Koch, Raymond J. 

Kochs, August 

Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 

Kohler, Eric L. 

Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, John H. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 

Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 

Kramer, Leroy 

Kraus, Peter J. 

Kraus, Samuel B. 

Kreidler, D. C. 

Kresl, Carl 

Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Herman L., Jr. 

Kropff, C. G. 

Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 

Krutckoff, Charles 

Kuehn, A. L. 

Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 

Kuhl, Harry J. 

Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 

Kunka, Bernard J. 

Kunstadter, Albert 

Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 

Kurfess, John Fredric 

Kurtz, W. O. 

Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 



Lang, Edward J. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor L 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 

Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 

MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madiener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madiener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 



Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal,Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metz, Mrs. Robert 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 

Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 

Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. 

George H. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert I 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest . 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 






Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Gberf elder, Herbert M. 
Gberfelder, Walter S. 
Gbermaier, John A. 
G'Brien, Miss Janet 
G'Connell, Edmund 

Gdell, William R. 
Gdell, William R., Jr. 
Gffield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
G'Keeffe, William F. 
Glcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Gldberg, Dr. Eric 
Gldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff , Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 

Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 

Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk.'Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 



Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 

Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 

Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 



Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. L 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 

Silverstein, Ramond 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 

Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle L 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard L 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Eglantine Daisy 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
SutcliU'e, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold L 



Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobev, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 


Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 

Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, AUyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 






Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Marv Svlvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robvn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 

Andersen, Arthur 
Austin, Henry W. 

Buehler, Mrs. Carl 

Cassels, Edwin H. 
Cromer, Clarence E. 

DeVries, Peter 
Diehl, Harry L. 
Dole, Arthur 

Engel, E. J. 
Ericsson, Henry 

Goedke, Charles F. 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Griffiths, George W. 

Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollister, Francis H. 

W^ilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 

Deceased, 1947 

Huston, Ward T. 

Kittredge, R. J. 
Klein, Henry A. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Komiss, David S. 

Landry, Alvar A. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 

MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Massena, Roy 
McCloud, Walter S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McMillan, William M. 

Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 

Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fav 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pope, Henry 
Preston, Fred A. 

Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Shambaugh, Dr. 

George E. 
Skooglund, David 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Snow, Fred A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stoll, John 0. 

Veeder, Miss Je.ssie 

Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Wavrinek, Miss Anna J. 



Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 

Colby, Carl 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Stevens, Edmund W. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 

Eitel, Emil 

Fay, Eugene C. 

Knight, Mrs. John 
Kroehler, Kenneth 

Lessman, Gerhard 

Lynch, J. W. 

McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 

Meyerhoff, A. E. 

Page, John W 
Price, W. G. F. 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 

ShiJlinglaw, David L. 
Stebler, W. J. 

Thorne, Mrs. James W. 
Tread well, H. A 

Weil, Morton M. 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Wolnak, George 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Miiseum 

Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adesko, Mrs. 

Thaddeus V. 
Adler, Mrs. William S. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Aguinaldo, Miss Carmen 
Aitchison, Robert J. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alex, Harold R. 
Alexander, John F. 
Alger, Frederick W. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 

Amberg, Miss Mary 

Ambrose, J. F. 
Ameismaier, Julius 
Andersen, Mrs. Helen 

Anschicks, R. J. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Apfelbach, Mrs. 

George L. 
Appley, Lawrence A. 
Arado, A. D. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armstrong, George M. 
Arndt, Albert 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arnolt, Kenneth 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 

Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach, Peter A. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailey, Warren G. 
Baird, E. E. 
Baker, Mrs. Eloise 

Baldwin, Dr. S. Glidden 
Baldwin, Mrs. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banks, Miss Ann R. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, Mrs. Albert H. 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barker, Charles P. 



Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barrett, Timothy A. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barron, John F. 
Barron, Maurice J. 
Barrowclough, George L. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartky, Mrs. Walter 
Bas, Marvin J. 
Basler, Norbert 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, 0. D 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bav, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bav, Joseph T. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beifus, Morris 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengston, Henry 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, Arnon N. 
Benson, Rev. Oscar A. 
Benson, Paul 
Benson, William A. 
Bentley, Claude R. 
Berberian, Hagop 
Bere, Lambert 
Bergen, Garret L. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Irving 
Berman, Louis G. 

Bernstein, George E. 
Bernstein, Philip 
Beutel, Henrv J. 
Beven, T. D." 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Birmingham, Frederic A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bissell, Mrs. C. B. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blake, Robert W. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blewett, Quentin H., Jr. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Boening, Mrs. Louis A. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bond, Richard C. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfig, Henrv C. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borden, Gail 
Borland, C. A. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boswell, Mrs. J. Stewart 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Boyle, Mrs. John R. 
Bracken, Charles W. 
Bradford, Mrs. 

Chester T. 
Bradford, Mrs. 

Jane Marian 

Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Branit, J. T. 
Brant, Rev. Gordon E. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Breen, John A. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Breskin, Louis A. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Broderick, W. J. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodow, W. B. 
Brooks, Arthur L. 
Broude, Mrs. William S. 
Brouwer, Rev. Jacob G. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Browne, Mrs. Grace 

Browne, Leon S. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Brush, Kenneth H. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Bulk, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burdick, Dr. Allison L. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burke, L. J. 
Burnell, Edward J. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Kenneth J. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burton, Mrs. Anna W. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bush, Earl J. 



Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Mrs. Evelyn 
Butterfield, George P. 
Butterfield, Peter Edwin 
Butz, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caldwell, Lvnton W. 
Callahan, B. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, Charles H. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Cannon, John I. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carleton, Horace M. 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carney, Robert F. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, James J. 
Carry, James M. 
Carson, Mrs. William 

Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cavanagh, Mrs. 

Joseph J. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Cheskin, David B. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chimenti, Dante 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christiansen, Carl H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Cizinauskas, Henrv 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 

Clasen, W. N. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Barrv J. 
CHfford J. S. ' 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coffey, Miss Mary 
Coghlan, David L. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohn, Harry 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collier, John H. 
Collings, Charles H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combiths, Mrs. 

Wallace T. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D., Jr. 
Cone, Fairfax M. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conquest, Victor 
Conroy, D. A. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, Charles E. 
Cook, H. L. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Robert B. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cook, WilHam V. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Corev, Ernest F. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Costigan, Mrs. 

Eve Charles 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Covington, John R. 
Coyne, Richard T. 
Crage, Dr. Francis M. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craig, Arthur B. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Creden, Samuel G. 
Crites, Joe 

Crocker, Miss Edith E. 
Crone, Charles E. 
Croney, William B. 

Crowder, James L. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Crown, Mrs. Irving 
Culbertson, James G. 

Samuel A., II 
CuUen, Matthew J. 
Culpepper, Dr. 

William L. 
Culver, Charles G. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, Mrs. Tilden 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curda, Frank R. 
Curry, Rev. James C. 
Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Estella 
Dahl, William G. 
Dale, Arthur G. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Dalton, Mrs. John W. 
Daly, James J. 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Darr, H. S. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Donald 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davis, Arthur G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, Harry E. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Davis, Roy H. 
Dawson, John A. 
DeBruyn, Dr. Peter P. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, Mrs. Orville A. 
Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Deffenbaugh, Roy R. 
Degener, August W. 
Dempsey, John S. 
Dennison, Craig E. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 



Derkers, George C. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickerson, Mrs. Fred G. 
Dickinson, Phil S. 
Dietz, Carl A. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingeldein, Karl A. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Director, Harry J. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donaldson, Miss Mima L. 
Donaldson, Richard J. 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Doolittle, John R. 
Doroshaw, J. M. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglas, 'William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dover, S. M. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Dowell, Maynard 
Downey, John J. 
Downing, Dr. James R. 
Downs, James C., Jr. 
Doyle, Miss Alice 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Draper, Mrs. Walter D. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Drobny, Mrs. Herman 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubiel, Dr. John C. 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dubkin, Leonard 
Dudley, Mrs. 

Raymond C. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dupee, Mrs. Ralph K. 
DuVal, Edward R. 
Duval, Dr. Emile C. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dwyer, J. E. 

Dyon, Miss Jane 

Easter, Mrs. Donald W. 
Eckert, Edward L. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edquist, Rev. Bertil 
Edwards, G. H. 
Ehrlicher, James G. 
Eichin, Mrs. Charles 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eirinberg, Robert 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Ekman, Stanley V. 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellerd, Arthur A. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Will S. 
Elmer, Miss Nancy T. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Endicott, George F. 
Engelhardt, Mrs. 

Enid, Miss Carolyn 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Essley, E. Porter 
Etheredge, Gilbert 
Ettlinger, A. 
Eulass, E. A. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 
Eyler, Godfrey J. 

Fair, Charles L. 
Fairchild, Edmund 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Faricy, Mrs. William T. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Fell, Peter V. 
Feld, Max 

Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fiedler, Stuart O. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Figueira, W. A. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finn, Leo P. 
Finnegan, Thomas J. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. A. M. 
Fishlove, Irving H. 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fisk, Albert 
Fitpold, Michael H. 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Flacks, Reuben S. 
Flavin, Lawrence P. 
Flesch, Stanley J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Flores, Dr. Marguerite S. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Fogo, Mrs. Hugh M. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Forth, Milburn L. 
Fortin, Joseph T. 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Franche, Mrs. 

Darius C, Sr. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenberg, Arthur E. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Franz, Mrs. John N. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

George B. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

Juanita E. 
Fredrickson, Carl 



Fredrickson, J. Simon 
Freeman, Charles Y., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhrer, Max 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Furedy, Frank 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Galgano, John H. 
Gallagher, John T. 
Gallauer, William 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Gardner, George M. 
Garrabrant, Monroe F. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaul, Hermann J., Sr. 
Gaw, George D. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Genther, Charles B. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Giesbert, Mrs. Carl A. 
Gilbert, Theodore 
Gilchrist, Mrs. 

James M. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilman, Mrs. George P. 
Gilman, James W. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girard, Charles A. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladstone, Myer H. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 

Glenn, Bruce W. 
Glenn, Robert R. 
Click, Edward R. 
Click, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Gluesing, Mrs. 

C. Edward 
Godchaux, Leon G. 
Goes, Otto W. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss JuHet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gorski, Martin 
Gott, Philip P. 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grabbe, Werner H. 
Graff, Earl H. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Dr. Robert 

Graw, Harry J. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Carl R., Jr. 
Gray, E. Richmond 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Grein, Joseph 
Gresham, Mrs. Laura E. 
Grier, Dr. Robert M. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S, 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, F. A. 

Grosberg, Charles 
Crosse, Richard H. 
Grove, C. G. 
Grove, Miss Helen H. 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gunther, George E. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustafson, Rev. David 
Gustafson, Harry M. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haas, Mrs. Caroline M. 
Hackett, Mrs. 

Karleton S. 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Mrs. Charles J. 
Haines, Mrs. James J. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Cameron A. 
Hall, Clifford F. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Max 
Halvorsen, Mrs. F. H. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammond, Stevens H. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hank, Bernard J. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hanses, Edward H. 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Mellor 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harper, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harpole, Louis 
Harrington, Miss 

Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Maude 

Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 




Hart, C. B. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Malcolm 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Ha.serodt, E. V. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathawav, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauck, Clayson J. 
Hausen, Gerard E. 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Hawes, Hardin H. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Haywood, Ralph 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, John J. 
Heavey, John C. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Hefner, Adam 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Hein, Paul S. 
Helgason, Arni 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henner, Hymen L 
Hennessey, William S. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Herman, Eli 
Hernandez, Mrs. A. B. 
Hershenson, Edward 
Hertz, J. H., E. E. 

Hes.seltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetherington, Mrs. 

Murray D. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hewes, Howard H. 
Heyden, Edward B. 
Heyworth, Mrs. John R. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hicks, Joseph W. 
Hieber, Reynolds Conrad 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Elmer C. 
Hill, Meda A. 

Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hilton, Howard H. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hinshaw, Hainer 
Hipskind, Donald F. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hoben, H. H. 
Hobson, J. E. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hocking, Charles H. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hoefer, Max 
Hoffman, Jo.seph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohenadel, Frank A. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, Mrs. Bolter 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holgate, H. Nels 
Holland, Herbert H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Milton L 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holzman, Alfred 
Honor, Herzl W. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Herbert 
Horwitz, Irving A. 

William H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Howard, Mrs. Edith 

Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howell, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Howell, William C. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 


Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Hud.son, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hukar, George 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hutchison, Dr. 

WiUiam A. 
Hutmacher, Ray R. 
Hutton, Miss Frances 

Huxley, Henry M. 
Huxtable, Miss Barbara 

Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 
Ingram, Lawrence 
Ives, R. 0. 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacky, Fred 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Janda, Joseph J. 
Janus, Christopher G. 
Jarratt, Walter J. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Ralph C, 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewell, Robert W. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Dr. Harvey C. 



Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnson, Dr. Torrey M. 
Johnson, Voyle C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Bernard F. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Kent 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Julian, John A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, Fred S. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kane, Mrs. Charles E. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karp, Elmer H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Karras, Sidney G. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaspar, Ray 
Katz, Miss Jessie 
Kaufmann, Charles D. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Paul 
Kay, Richard 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keller, L C. 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelsey, L. L. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Keranen, George M. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 

Kettles, Alan 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, Richard E. 
Kiefer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimball, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Mrs. John Lord 
King, Thomas R. 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirkman, Robert A. 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kittner, Ralph D. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Kloppenstein, J. D. 
Knecht, Mrs. T. L. 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knoll, George 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, Mrs. E. H. 
Kohlmann, Henry J. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Koltz, George C. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koplin, Mrs. Harry 
Kort, George 
Korten, Miss Hattie C. 
Kosner, Mrs. 

Jaroslava B. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
KraflFt, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krol, Dr. Edward J. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krumske, Paul A. 

Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuester, Albert J. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Lane, George A. 
Lane, Howard 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Laser, M. T. 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Latimer, William L. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Launder, Ray S. 
Laven, C. L. 
Lavieri, Miss Elaine 
Law, M. A. 
Lea, Mrs. Theodore E. 
Leaf, Harry 
LeBeau, C. A. 
LeBeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lederer, Sigmund M. 
Lee, A. Franklin 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Arthur K. 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, 0. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leonard, Arthur G., Jr. 
Leonard, Arthur S. 
Leonard, John D. 
Lerch, William H. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levinson, John 0. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levy, Paul 
Levy, Paul 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lindeman, John H. 



Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Livingston, Charles C. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. K. 
Lloyd, C. L. 
Llovd, Miss Georgia 
LloVd, Glen A. 
Lloyd, William B., Jr. 
Lochridge, Ben S. 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Robert R. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loebe, David E. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loevenhart, Edward H. 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Logan, Waldo H. 
Lome, Philip 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Loomis, W. W. 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lopez, Abelardo G. 
Lopez, Joseph G. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Loring, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Losos, Edward J. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lund, Harry A. 
Lundgren, Dr. Albert T. 
Lung, Miss Carole A. 
Luning, Mrs. Henry H. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, James L. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

Macdonald, Miss 

MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macfarlane, Mrs. W. E. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
Mack, Joseph 
MacKellar, Dr. John D. 
Mackenzie, Wentworth 


MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackie, N. S. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Manchester, Donald S. 
Mandeville, Maurice 
Mangan, R. K. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Frank E. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Mansfield, Ralph 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Manz, George R. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Marcussen, Miss 

Esther L. 
Maremont, Agiold H. 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Markoff, William 
Marks, Dr. Louis M. 
Markus, Henry A. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marrs, Dean 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. John 

Sayre, Jr. 
Martin, Mrs. Louise 

C. M. 
Marx, Archibald B. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Mautner, Leo A. 
Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
Maxwell, Lee R. 
May, Sol 

Maybrun, Arthur E. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Mrs. James Leo 
Mayer, Richard 

Maynard, Edwin T. 
Maynard, Robert W. 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
McAllister, H. J. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCain, Patrick D. 
McCaleb, Albert G. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarty, Miss Ada 

McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCullough, Robert 

McCurdie, N. J. 
McDaniel, Mrs. Paul H. 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McGraw, John F. 
McGregor, Robert C. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Dwight 
McKay, Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McLaurin, John M. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMaster, A. B. 
McMullen, A. W. 
McNall, Quinlan J. 
McNally, Frederick L. 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNulty, James J. 
McSurelv, Mrs. 

William H. 
Medberry, Mrs. L. J. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meers, James D. 
Meers, Miss Martha 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehan, J. H. 
Mekler, L. A. 
Mentzer, John P. 
Merkle, B. J. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metcalf, Gordon M. 
MetcofT, Eli 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Alfred C. 



Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyerson, Joel 
Michaelsen, Christian S. 
Michalaros, Demetrios 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Amos C. 
Miller, Dr. C. 0. 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Claude R. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, William H. 
Milleren, Glenn A. 
Milles, Leo H. 
MilHken, J. H. 
Mills, Ben 
Mills, Mrs. 

Herbert S., Jr. 
Milnor, George S. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Harry L. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 
Mizen, Frederic 

Modene, Oscar F. 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Harold T. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, John T. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Morgaridge, K. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Mossman, John E. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Mower, Mrs. Delia 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mudge, Frederick S. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Mueller, Richard 

Muench, C. G. 
Muir, Edward G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mulford, Holbrook 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Mullin, Miss Frances M. 
Mullins, Harley W. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munsert, Mrs. Helen W. 
Munson, Lyle 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, P. M. 
Murphy, Thomas J., Jr. 
Murray, Dr. Alfred N. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nacey, Harry M. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto J'. 
Nauman, J. C. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nichols, Donald E. 
Nichols, Dr. Harry 
Nielsen, Thorvald 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Norton, Harold K. 
Norton, Thomas L. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novotny, Richard R. 
Nussear, George S. 
Nyhan, Thomas J. 
Nylander, Dr. Victor T. 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberne, George S. 

O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. John S. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
Ogilvie, Elmer E. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Mrs. David 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, James P. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Harvey W. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, Edward M. 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neal, William James 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Alvin 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Ossendorflf, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
Overend, Robert B. 
Overmyer, Franklin R. 
Owen, Robert R. 

Paddock, Forrest G. 
Palmer, Mrs. Claude 

Palmer, Curtis H. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, George S. 
Parks, Burritt A. 
Parks, Robey 
Parrott, George H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Patch, A. Huntington 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, William F. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearson, Mrs. George 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast, Frank 
Pendleton, Maurice B. 
Pennebaker, Elliott H. 
Pennebaker, John Paul 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (Contiyiued) 

Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perin, Reuben L. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlman, Morris 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perrv, Arthur C. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petrie, John 
Petrie, Morton H. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Arno H. 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Picha, Miss Sylvia M. 
Picher, WiUiam S. 
Pick, Joseph Richard 
Pier, H. M. 
Pillinger, Douglass 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirie, Mrs. S. C, Jr. 
Pitman, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plimpton, Miss Bonita V. 
Plotkin, Mrs. Oscar H. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pond, M. C. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Mrs. S. Austin 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Praed, William G. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, J. H. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Ray W. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Press, Robert 
Preus, J. A. 0. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Mrs. George E. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, John C. 
Priest, MacMillan 

Prietsch, Miss Mary 

Prince, William Wood 
Prindle, James H. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Randall, Frank A. 
Randolph, Murray 
Rane, Max R. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Rayunec, Miss Ollie 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reese, Mrs. C. W. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Renholm, Harold A. 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Renouf, William 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Resag, Horace J. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Reynolds, Mrs. Agnes H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

Thomas A. 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, Dr. Lloyd K. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Rix, Bernard J. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Mrs. Charles C. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, Miss 

Margaret A. 

Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Nellie 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Josephine 
Roche, Burke B. 
Roche, Mrs. Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Miss Martha 

Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rootberg, Philip 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. Joseph 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. N. H. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. H. M. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, K. B. 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Ralph H. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rosset, Harry 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Mrs. 

Maurice L. 
Rowley, William A. 
Roy, Mrs. Rupert C. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryan, Mrs. Lawrence J. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 
Ryser, Adolph 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sabin, Eben T. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saladin, Harry J. 



Salberg, Emil B. 
Salk, Miss Betsy Ruth 
Sallemi, James V. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Saltarelli, Dr. Gabriel 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampsell, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sando, E. E. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sandvold, Mrs. W. C. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sapp, Warren H., Jr. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Thomas W. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scanlan, Thomas P. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schalla, Ralph W. 
Scheinfeld, Aaron 
Schelly, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Scheuber, Alphons J. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossberg, Max 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schobinger, Miss Elsie 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Scholl, Bertha M. 
Schott, Harold C. 
Schottenhamel, Mrs. 

Max P. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulz, George H. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schuman, J. R. 
Schureman, Jean L. 

Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schuyler, L. H. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwab, Raymond J. 
Schwab, Dr. Walford A. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Selwyn S. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Mario M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Searles, Donald K. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segal, Victor 
Segil, Harold T. 
Selbv, J. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, A. K. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shapiro, Joseph R. 
Shaw, John L 
Shav, Grant F. 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheffer, K. A. 
Shennan, A. G. 
Shepard, Robert Philip 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shirk, Miss Lydia E. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Sieger, Joseph F. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Silverstein, Milton 
Sima, Dr. Charles A. 
Simmons, William P. 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Slamin, Henry A. 
Slasor, Floyd 
Sloan, William F. 
Smaha, O. O. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles 
Smart, David A. 

Smerz, E. J. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Mrs. G. O. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith, Dr. H. Reginald 
Smith, H. S. 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, Harry E., Jr. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Joseph Herbert 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Snider, Dr. S. Sinclair 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somes, J. J. 
Sonne, Mrs. Fred T. 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Sorley, Dr. Milford S. 
Soukup, Mrs. 

Raymond J. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert F. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spiess, Carlos A. 
Spieth, Mrs. Angeline 
Spitz, M. W. 
Spivack, Dr. Julius L. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stanton, Mrs. John W. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stathas, P. P. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Steger, Miss Josephine 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stephens, Miss Laura G. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 



Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevenson, Mrs. Adlai E. 
Stevenson, Miss Lillian 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, E. E. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stibgen, Geary V. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, J. P., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stoetzel, Herbert W. 
StoflFels, Oscar A. 
Stokes, Mrs. Edward J. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Stone, Saul 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storms, North 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Harry C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, P. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Joseph L. 
Strong, M. D. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swift, T. Philip 
Switzer, Mrs. James W. 
Symes, J. M. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 

Tadrowski, Anton J. 
Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarlow, Dr. Lillian S. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Paul H. 
Tatge, Paul W. 

Tatman, James H. 
Taussig, Mrs. J. M. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Tegarden, J. E. 
Teich, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Theiss, Otto H. 
Thomas, Mrs. 

John W., Sr. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thompson, Mrs. G. F. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard 0. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Thurrott, J. Angus 
Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Tighe, Thomas 
Timmings, G. H. 
Timpson, Mrs. 

T. William 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tomhave, Mrs. 

William H. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Toren, E. Clifford 
Torrence, George P. 
Towne, Claude 
Towner, Mrs. Frank H. 
Townley, Mrs. Paula H. 
Townley, W. Fred 
Townsend, Hubert F. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William B. 
Traynor, William 

Tregenza, A. E. 
Trier, Robert 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tucker, J. C. 
Turnbull, Mrs. George C. 
Turner, Mrs. 

Christopher F. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Tuteur, Charles 

Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ullmann, S. E. 
Unwin, Mrs. Parkinson 
Urban, Andrew 
Ursin, Mrs. Ben E. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

Valentine, Andrew L. 
VanBuskirk, M. G. 
VanDahm, Peter 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
VanNice, Errett 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Velde, James A. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vincent, James L. 
Vineyard, Philip W. 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 

vonPerbandt, Mrs. Louis 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wacker, Fred G. 
Wade, Glenn D. 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Wain, Mrs. Philip H. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldstein, Herman S. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallace, George H. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, John Angus 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 



Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, Patrick 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterhouse, Paul G. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Mrs. 

Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Weary, Allen M. 
Weaver, Sheldon A. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, A. 
Webster, James 
Webster, Maurice 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weidert, William C. 
Weil, Mrs. Benjamin 
Weil, David M. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George H. 
Weinress, Morton 
Wemress, S. J. 
Weiser, Frederick S. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weissenborn, Leo Julius 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, R. T. 
Welch, W. M. 
Wells, Charles C. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Alfred C. 
West, James D. 
West, Mrs. Mary Lavelle 
West, Dr. Olin 
Westerlin, Mrs. J. M. 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wexler, Mrs. Jerrold 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheelock, Miss Ellen P. 

Whipple, Mrs. Jay N. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whitaker, James E. 
White, Mrs. Harold R. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitnell, Mrs. 

William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Whitney, Emerson C. 
Whyte, W. J. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wick, William D. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wigdahl, Edward H. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilcox, Edward B. 
Wilcox, Mrs. Harold C. 
Wilcox, Howard A. 
Wilcoxson, Mrs. 

Arthur L. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilev, Mrs. Edwin G. 
Wilhelm, Mrs. Frank E. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Mrs. Charles H. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Mrs. 

Allan C, Jr. 
Williams, Harry W. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, Thomas L. 
WilHngham, G. J. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, H. Fred 
Wilson, Holmes 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Miss S. Edna 
Wing, Wallace E. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Leo 
Winsberg, Samuel 

Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, Herman 
Wise, James E. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Woltersdorf, Arthur F. 
Wood, Miss Aileen 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, F. Upton 
Wood, John W. 
Wood, Kenneth H. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Wood, Rev. Walter S. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, Arthur H. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, S. Roger 
Woollard, Ernest V. 
Worthy, Mrs. James C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wright, Mrs. R. G. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, William H. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Youngsma, T. S. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahn, Louis 
Zaleski, Boleslaw 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zelzer, Harry 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zischke, Herman 
Zitzewitz, Elmer K. 
Zolla, Abner M. 
Zusser, Maurice M. 

Aagard, Walter S. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 

Berger, E. M. 

Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 

Channon, Carl 

Deceased, 1947 

Christensen, Dr. 

Henry C. 
Clark, Robert H. 

Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 

Freund, Erwin O. 

Graves, Mrs. Marie J. 

Harrold, James P. 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 

Jewett, George F. 



Deceased, 1947 (.Continued) 

Kraemer, Leo Prescott, Morton S. Turner, Frederick W. 

Matheny, Willard R. Reeensbure James Warr, Harold G. 

Miller, Edward L. & &, - Webster, Harry C. 

Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. Schwab, Martin C. Werth, A. Herman 

Murphy, Henry C. Strauch, Dr. August Wood, Harvey E. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, A.D. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, WilHam R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Tavlor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois 1 

!■ ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


ecome an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an A.ssociate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 


BOARD OF trustees 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Rea.sonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

honorary trustees 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Mu.seum— 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology— each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of ail bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 


Section L There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his succes.sor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the ab.sentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-ofiicio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.