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Chicago Natural History Museum 


DuBois-Drake Studio 


Research Associate, Division of Birds 

Member of the Board of Trustees 

The final parts of "Catalogue of Birds of the Americas," 
publication of which was begun in 1918, were completed by 
Mr. Conover and were ready for the press late in 1948. 


Report of the Director 

to the 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1948 


rr-n Y -1949 

UNivc{r--iU I.- 







Former Members op the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1948 12 

List of Staff, 1948 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 20 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 22 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

Department of Anthropology 32 

Department of Botany 41 

Department of Geology 46 

Department of Zoology 52 

Library 61 

Photography and Illustration 64 

Motion Pictures 65 

Publications and Printing 66 

Public Relations 80 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 82 

Financial Statements 84 

Attendance and Door Receipts 85 

Accessions, 1948 86 

Members of the Museum 99 

Benefactors 99 

Honorary Members 99 

Patrons 99 

Corresponding Members 100 

Contributors 100 

Corporate Members 101 

Life Members 102 

Non-Resident Life Members 103 

Associate Members 103 

Non-Resident Associate Members 117 

Sustaining Members 118 

Annual Members 118 

Articles of Incorporation 132 

Amended By-Laws 134 



Boardman Conover, Trustee and Research Associate frontispiece 

West Entrance of Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

Chicago Natural History Museum 18 

Raymond Foundation Tour for School Children 22, 23 

Portable Exhibits, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Donald Richards, Research Associate 30 

Three Circle Red-on-White Pottery Bowl 32 

Hallmarks (Enlarged) on Silver Gorget 33 

Diorama of Ancient Chichen Itza 35 

"Dating Layers by Position" 36, 37 

Headdress of Vaupes Indians 38 

Hall of Plant Life 41 

Western Larch 42 

South American Corn 44 

Examining Invertebrate Fossils 46 

Crystals of Manganosiderite 48 

Wyoming Paleontological Expedition, 1948 50 

African Chameleons 52 

"Family Tree of Living Mammals" 55 

Model of Anopheles Mosquito 58, 59 

Stackroom, General Library 61 

Zonal Map of Soil Groups 65 

Art Students in Museum 69 

Class in Vertebrate Paleontology 71 

Rock-Cutting Saw 73 

"Birds as Solar Machines" 75 

Cuban Botanical Field Trip, 1948 80 

Chicago Natural History Museum, formerly 
Field Museum of Natural History, faces 
Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive. 
The west entrance leads into The James 
Simpson Theatre. Hundreds of ■/-// Club 
delegates from all parts of the world are 
assembling for a program iti the Theatre 
during their annual meeting in Chicago. 

Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 


John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 

* Deceased 













Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 


Officers^ Trustees; and Committees^ 1948 




Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insltll, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

John P. 

Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert H. Wetten 

Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, 
Albert H. Wetten, Henry P. Isham 

Building— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field, Boardman Conover 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 


List of Staff, 1948 









Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 

Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 

John B. Rinaldo, Assistant, Archaeology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Paul J. Warner, Preparator 

Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

Harold Hinshaw, Assistant, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Jose Cuatrecasas, Curator, Colombian Botany 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

L. H. Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 

Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Hugh C. Cutler, Curator, Economic Botany 
Llewelyn Williams, Associate, Forest Products 
J. S. Daston, Assistayit, Botany 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 












Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Assistant, Plant Reproduction 

Frank Boryca, Assistant, Plant Reproduction 

Mathias Dones, Preparator 

Edith M. Vincent, Departmental Secretary 

Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Assistant, Fossil Plants 

R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Robert Kriss Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 

Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Henry Horback, Preparator 

William D. Turnbull, Preparator 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 

Kent Jones, Preparator 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

Joanne Neher, Departmental Secretary 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

BoARDMAN Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 

RUDYERD BoULTON, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

LoREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

John W. Winn,* Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 


♦Resigned, 1948 















Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dvbas, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, Assistatit Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

H. Elizabeth Story,* Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Julius Fribsser,! Taxidermist 

L. L. Pray,* Taxidermist 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist 

Kenneth Woehlck, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

James E. Trott, Artist-Preparator 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 

Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Mary P. Murray, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 

Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Leonard Rosenthal, Preparator 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
Winona Hinkley Cosner* 
June Ruzicka Buchwald 
Lorain Farmer 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Ann Sharpe 

♦Resigned, 1948 
t Retired, 1948 















Paul G. DALLWict 

Carl W. Hintz,* Librarian 

Meta p. Howell, Librarian 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian Emerita 

Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian Emerita 

Eunice Marthens Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

Louise Boynton, Assistant Librarian 

Dawn Davey, Assistant Librarian 

Winifred E. Wbissman, Assistant Librarian 

M. Eileen Rocourt, Assistant Librarian 

Frank L. Heyser,§ Bookbinder 

William A. Bender, Auditor 
Benjamin Bridge, Auditor Emeritus 
A. L. Stebbins, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Herman Abendroth, Photographer 
John Bayalis, Assistant Photographer 
Norma Lockwood, Illustrator 

John W. Moyer, in charge 

Arthur G. Rueckert§ 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 

X On leave 

* Resigned, 1948 

§ Deceased, 1948 







James R. Shouba 

William E. Lake 

David J. Conwill 

t Retired, 1948 


The Museum is opcu to the public every 
day of the year except Christmas and New 
Year's Day It may he reached by elevated 
or surface railways, South Shore and Ilhnois 
Central suburban trains, or bus There is 
ample free parking space near the Museum. 


Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ended December 31, 1948. 

While in most respects this might be considered a year of normal 
operation, it is appropriate to point out that there has been no return 
to the operating conditions that existed before World War II. In- 
flated prices, higher wage and salary levels, and the relatively fixed 
income yields of corporate securities have brought to the Museum 
the necessity for careful study of a retrenchment program. Funds 
that were generously contributed a few years ago for the purpose 
of rounding out the activities of the Museum into a better-balanced 
and more-inclusive program have of necessity been used in retaining 
the organization, with only small increases and with the postpone- 
ment or abandonment of certain of its progressive plans. 

The problem of operating a museum during the period of high 
inflation is not restricted to this institution but is common to all 
endowed institutions. High taxes and uncertainties concerning 
Government policies with relation to business have tended to 
restrict income from investments, while at the same time com- 
modity prices have risen to exorbitant levels that, in turn, have 
necessitated increased payrolls in order that loyal workers might 
be provided with the necessities of life. While the Museum can at 
the moment restrict its activities without serious difficulty, it is 
not pleasant to contemplate a projection of the conditions that make 
such retrenchment necessary. A need of additional endowments is 
constantly before us, if the high quality of research and educational 


program of the Museum is to be maintained. Grateful acknowledg- 
ment is made to the many Members whose endowment memberships 
will help to support the Museum in the future, as well as to the many- 
other Members whose annual fees are supporting the Museum at 
the present time. 

News of the death of Mrs. Anna Louise Raymond on August 1, 
1948, was received with deep regret at the Museum. As an out- 
growth of her interest in the children of Chicago and her appreciation 
of the value of the work of the Museum in their education, Mrs. 
Raymond had established, in 1925, an endowment at the Museum 
of one-half million dollars titled "The James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture Fund of Field Mu- 
seum of Natural History." For some years, before her health began 
to fail, she was a frequent visitor at the Museum, and her continuing 
interest in the work of the Foundation that she had created was 
further evidenced by repeated annual gifts in furtherance of that 
program. Her personal interest lent considerable encouragement to 
the staff of Raymond Foundation. Subsequent to her death it was 
learned that she had made the Museum beneficiary of half of 
her residuary estate. Her contributions to the Museum have 
established a lasting and living monument to her memory. 


At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January, Stanley 
Field was re-elected President of Chicago Natural History Museum 
to serve for his fortieth consecutive year. All other officers who 
served in the preceding year were likewise re-elected. They are: 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President; Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second 
Vice-President; Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President; Solomon A. 
Smith, Treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary; and John R. Millar, 
Assistant Secretary. 


It is gratifying again to report an increase in the number of Museum 
Members, since increase in membership indicates growing apprecia- 
tion by the community of the scientific and educational work of 
Chicago Natural History Museum. The number of new Members 
added to the membership roster during the year was 488, and the 
number of Members lost through transfer, cancellation, and death 
was 439. The total number of Members recorded on December 31, 
1948, including all membership classifications, was 4,777. 


The names of all persons listed as Members of the Museum during 
1948 will be found on the pages at the end of this Report. The 
number of Members in each membership classification at the close 
of 1948 is as follows: Benefactors 23; Honoranj Members 8; 
Patrons — 18; Corresponding Members — 5; Contributors 165; Corpo- 
rate Members — 41; Life Members — 177; N on-Resident Life Members 
— 15; Associate Members — 2,378; N on-Resident Associate Members — 
10; Sustaining Members — 17; Annual Members 1,920. 

By their support the Museum's many Members help to make 
possible the continuance and progress of the scientific and educational 
work of the institution, and, therefore, an acknowledgment of 
gratitude is here expressed to them and also to those Members who 
found it necessary to cancel their memberships. It is earnestly 
hoped that those Members who have discontinued their memberships 
will again enroll as Members of the Museum and resume their 
association with its cultural program. 


Attendance at the Museum in 1948 exceeded a million for the twenty- 
second successive year. The total number of visitors for the year 
was 1,134,643, of which number 1,005,798 were admitted without 
charge because they came on free admission days or belonged to 
classifications admitted free on all days — school children, students, 
teachers, members of the armed forces of the United Nations, and 
Members of this Museum. (For comparative attendance statistics 
and door receipts for 1947 and 1948, see page 85.) 

During the year the Museum received a great many distinguished 
visitors from foreign countries. The Museum welcomes this evidence 
of good will and takes especial pleasure in making available for study 
by its guests whatever is of interest to them in its vast collections 
and exhibition halls. The Museum was host also to a number of 
organizations, among them the eighth annual convention of the 
Midwest Federation of Geological Societies. Members of the 
National Congress of 4-H Clubs from all parts of the United States 
and Canada, who earn their trip to the International Livestock 
Exposition in Chicago, paid their annual visit to the Museum. The 
group in 1948 numbered 1,200 teen-age boys and girls. Another 
group of about 1,200 children from 123 different elementary schools 
in Allegan County, Michigan, accompanied by their teachers and 
several parents, came to Chicago by special train for an educational 
trip that included two of Chicago's museums. 



In the twenty-three years since its founding by Mrs. Anna Louise 
Raymond, the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
has grown from a staff of one to seven and from a hmited program of 
tours, motion pictures, and lectures to a diversified program that 
uses all types of teaching techniques. Printed stories, still and 
motion pictures, demonstrations with objects, and radio are a few 
of these methods. All, both old and new, are ways of presenting 
information requested by students visiting the Museum and of 
offering opportunities of an educational nature to thousands of 
children in this Midwestern region. 

Extension-lecture work has continued, and several motion pic- 
tures have been incorporated into the lectures. Eight new extension 
lectures have included carefull}^ selected motion pictures. They 
are: "Amazon to Andes," "Master Farmers," "Marine Inverte- 
brates," "Strange Sea Animals," "From Polar Bears to Penguins," 
"Close-ups of Three Mammals," "Three Playful Pets," and "Simba." 
The first four lectures utilize selected still pictures with the movies 
because it has been found that certain subjects can be presented best 
with a combination of motion and still pictures. Two series of 

Following a radio program on 
public school children meet in 
the Museum lecture hall for an 
illustrated talk, after which 
they go to the exhibition halls 
to study evidence of glaciers 
(right). Raymond Foundation 
guides help the children to see 
and understand what the gla- 
cier did in the Chicago region. 


Museum Stories were published in connection with the spring and 
fall series of motion-picture programs for children. As in the past 
three years, each series is a group of related stories that forms a 
booklet at the conclusion of the series. The spring series was on 
foods and the fall series on insects. 

For the third consecutive year a course for nature counselors in 
summer camps was conducted by members of Raymond Foundation 
staff. Instead of four evening meetings as in past years, the 1948 
course was given as a one-day conference of six hours of concentrated 
work. The program was organized into four discussion sessions 
developing eleven correlated areas of thought and work that were 
illustrated and demonstrated by still and motion pictures and by 
seventeen brief tours using Museum exhibits. The course was 
summarized and made more useful with mimeographed questions, 
suggestions, and organized aids for nature counselors. One hundred 
and seventeen people actively engaged in nature camp work attended. 

Raymond Foundation has co-operated with the Radio Council 
of the Chicago Public Schools for many years. Following certain 
selected broadcasts, when additional Museum material is available 
for study by school children, programs have been offered in the 
Museum. In addition to these regular types of programs, in 1948 
two Raymond Foundation staff members were guest-speakers on 
"Your Science Story-Teller" series. "Migration Mystery" and 


"Some Strange Fish Stories" were their subjects, each of which 
was followed with a program the next day in the Museum. Early 
in the year, Raymond Foundation was requested to submit brief 
stories to be told on the "Children's Corner" over WCFL. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the 
year, with attendance figures, follows: 

Activities within the Museum 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 677 21,751 

Radio follow-up programs 7 989 

Lectures preceding tours 68 6,108 

Motion-picture programs 28 24,120 

Total 780 52,968 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 376 6,125 

Nature Course 1 117 

Total 377 6,242 

Extension Activities 

Chicago Public Schools 

Elementary 104 35,248 

High School 6 4,200 

Special 1 185 

Suburban 5 1,170 

Miscellaneous 1 30 

Total 117 40,833 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,274 100,043 


Approximately 15,000 people took advantage of the lecture programs 
presented on Saturday afternoons during March, April, October, 
and November in the James Simpson Theatre. As in former years, 
an effort was made to bring to the platform outstanding authorities 
in the various fields of study within the scope of the Museum. Of 
unusual interest was a presentation by John W. Moyer, of the 
Museum staff, who gave an inside picture of the preparation of 
habitat groups at the Museum. One of the more scientific presenta- 
tions, which attracted wide attention, was that on "Human Evolu- 
tion" by Dr. Sherwood L. Washburn, of the University of Chicago. 
The value of the Museum's lecture programs has been favorably 
commented upon by leaders in the field of adult education. 



A special exhibit, "Great Books of Natural History," was held in 
Stanley Field Hall in September in observance of Great Books Week, 
a celebration sponsored by Great Books Foundation. Outstanding 
scientific works from the shelves of the Museum Library, among 
them rare and historic volumes, were displayed. Other special 
exhibits in the Museum during the year were the Third Chicago 
International Exhibition of Nature Photography, held under the 
auspices of the Museum and the Nature Camera Club of Chicago; 
a showing of pastels, drawings, and paintings done directly from 
Museum exhibits by students of the Junior School of the Art In- 
stitute of Chicago; and two series of photographs prepared by Life 
magazine, one on atomic energy and the other on Navaho Indians. 
Additions to the permanent exhibits of the Museum are described 
in this Report under the headings of the scientific departments. 


Elmer J. Richards and Donald Richards, Research Associate in 
Cryptogamic Botany, of Chicago, each made an additional gift to 
the Museum of $5,000 for the purchase of specimens for the crypto- 
gamic herbarium. Joseph Desloge, of St. Louis, added $1,000 to 
The Desloge Peruvian Botanical Expedition Fund; Dr. Maurice L. 
Richardson, of Lansing, Michigan, added $1,000 to The Maurice L. 
Richardson Paleontological Fund; and William S. Street, of Seattle, 
added $100 to The Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street Expedition Fund. 
C. Suydam Cutting, of New York City, a Patron of the Museum, 
again gave $500. Peder A. Christensen, of San Francisco, made an 
additional gift of money. Accretions for the year in various trust 
funds were: from the estate of Mrs. Abby K. Babcock, $169.50 for 
The Frederick Reynolds and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund; from 
the estate of Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers, $1,333.34 for The Joan A. 
Chalmers Fund; from the estate of Frederick T. Haskell, $23.18 
for The Frederick T. Haskell Fund; from the estate of Oscar E. 
Remmer, $44,508.35 for The Oscar E. Remmer Fund; and from the 
estate of Martin A. Ryerson, $475.61 for The Martin A. and Carrie 
Ryerson Fund. 

The Museum received $25,000 from Stanley Field, its President; 
$12,000 from Marshall Field, First Vice-President, for the Marshall 
Field Fiftieth Anniversary Fund; and $3,625 from Boardman Con- 
over, Trustee and Research Associate in Birds. Other gifts of 
money were received from Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, Associate, 


Division of Birds; Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor, Scientific 
Publications; Clarence B. Randall, Trustee; and Colonel Clifford C. 
Gregg, Director. Under an act of the legislature of the State of 
Illinois, the Chicago Park District turned over to the Museum 
$118,038.05 as its share of taxes levied to aid several museums. 

Donors who give or devise to the Museum between $1,000 and 
$100,000 in money or materials are elected by the Board of Trustees 
to a special membership classification designated as "Contributors" 
and their names are enrolled in perpetuity (see page 100 for names 
of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1948 are: Dr. Jos6 
Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian Botany; Harry Hoogstraal, 
Assistant Curator of Insects; George Langford, Assistant, Fossil 
Plants; Mrs. Charles V. Riley (posthumously elected); Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology; and Dr. J, Daniel Willems, of 
Chicago. Dr. Cuatrecasas gave to the Museum a collection of her- 
barium and wood specimens and a collection of books; Mr. Hoog- 
straal, zoological specimens; Mr. Langford, natural-history speci- 
mens and books; estate of Mrs. Charles V. Riley, scientific books 
and eighteen letters written by Charles Darwin; and Dr. Willems, 
a golden beryl found in Minas Geraes, Brazil. A complete list of 
gifts of materials from individuals and institutions appears else- 
where in this Report. Some of the collections are described under 
the headings of the departments in which they have been deposited. 


Schools and other institutions receiving portable Museum exhibits 
on loan through the service of the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension numbered 501 at the close of 1948. Of 
these, 396 were public schools, 81 were parochial and private schools, 
and 24 were social-service institutions. Inasmuch as there are avail- 
able for loan only 1,050 portable exhibits and as each recipient of 
Harris Extension service has on hand at all times during the school 
year two exhibits, which are exchanged on a system of regular 
rotation every tenth school day, registration for service cannot far 
exceed the present number. Yet requests continue to come in. 

In formulating a policy for considering new applications, Harris 
Extension was faced with two alternatives: immediate preparation 
of many new exhibits for circulation or restricted service to institu- 
tions other than schools and rejection of applications from schools 
with low pupil-enrollments. Of these two courses, the first is im- 
possible for financial reasons. The second, then, is the one that 


Chicago school children become interested in natural phenomena hy observation 
and study of portable exhibits circulated by N. W. Harris Public School Extension. 

perforce has been followed. It is believed that the exhibits are less 
likely to be used merely as display material when in the hands of 
trained teachers and that service to very small parochial and private 
schools is not justifiable under the present pressure situation. 

The services of John Conrad Hansen, Artist in the Department 
of Geology, were available to Harris Extension for only a few weeks 
during the year, and, in consequence, the program, begun some years 
back, of using painted scenes rather than tinted photographs as 
backgrounds in habitat settings in new or revised exhibits has been 
hampered. Work, therefore, has consisted mainly in the preparation 
of those exhibits that can be made effective by using simple back- 
grounds painted by the preparators themselves. 

Damage to cases in circulation was somewhat higher than in 
other recent years. A total of forty-six cases was damaged. In 
only four of the forty-six broken cases was there damage to the 
exhibit material, but two of these four were so completely demolished 
that very little of the installations could be salvaged. Four cases — 
exhibits of the Galapagos penguin, the double-crested cormorant, 
sunfishes, and mink — were stolen in public schools. In addition to 
these unusually severe losses in circulation, a great many exhibits 


were withdrawn from the circuit as unsatisfactory. Wax installa- 
tions disintegrate in the course of years, colors are altered, and the 
subject-matter of certain exhibits becomes obsolete. During the 
year twelve exhibits were revised, six of them so thoroughly that 
they are in reality new exhibits. Three hundred and sixty-eight 
cases were repaired in the shop. Special loans of instructional 
material other than the routine circulating exhibits totaled thirty. 


The Museum is grateful to its faithful volunteer workers who, as 
for many years past, have contributed time and effort in the interests 
of the Museum and of science. Names of some of these volunteer 
workers are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this 
Report, where they are distinguished from salaried workers by the 
titles "Research Associate," "Associate," and, in one case, "Layman 
Lecturer." Other volunteers in 1948, not in that list, are: Depart- 
ment of Botany — Carlos Bumzahem, Miss Margaret Feigley, and 
Dr. Herbert Habeeb; and Department of Zoology — Raymond Even- 
stad, Mrs. Dorothy S. Helmer, Robert MacArthur, Hyman Marx, 
J. N. Nilles, Miss Constance Peck, Mrs. Clifford H. Pope, Ross 
Tarrant, and Miss Mary Weaver. 


Robert Yule, Assistant in the Department of Anthropology until 
forced to resign because of failing eyesight, returned to the Museum 
and has been employed in the cryptogamic herbarium, Department 
of Botany. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the 
Herbarium, was promoted to Associate Curator of the Herbarium. 
Dr. Robert H. Denison, former assistant curator at Dartmouth 
College Museum, was appointed in August to the staff of the Depart- 
ment of Geology as Curator of Fossil Fishes. Robert Kriss Wyant, 
Assistant Curator of Economic Geology, was promoted to Curator 
of Economic Geology, and Harry E. Changnon, Assistant Curator 
of Geology, was made Curator of Exhibits. Kent Jones was ap- 
pointed Preparator. 

John W. Winn, Assistant Curator of Fishes, Department of 
Zoology, resigned in June to accept a position with the Fish and 
Wildlife Service to work on the Missouri River Basin Survey. 
Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, on leave at the United States 
National Museum, Washington, D.C., returned to take part in the 


Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition and resumed his duties at the 
Museum on October 1. L. L. Pray, Taxidermist, who was in 
charge of preparation in the Division of Fishes, resigned in November 
to undertake reinstallation of exhibits at the Natural History 
Museum in San Diego, California. Mrs. Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant 
in Vertebrate Anatomy, was promoted to Osteologist. Miss H. Eliza- 
beth Story, Assistant in Vertebrate Anatomy, resigned in January, 
and Carl W. Cotton was appointed Assistant in Vertebrate Anatomy. 

Carl W. Hintz, Librarian of the Museum since July 1, 1946, 
resigned to accept the position of librarian at the University of 
Oregon. Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Assistant Librarian, formerly 
librarian of the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, was 
appointed Librarian of the Museum, effective September 1. Mrs. 
Mary W. Baker, a member of the staff since 1930, retired as Associate 
Librarian to become Associate Librarian Emerita. Miss Dawn 
Davey, assistant in the Library, and Miss Louise Boynton, Secretary, 
were made Assistant Librarians. Two new Assistant Librarians 
were appointed, Mrs. Winifred E. Weissman, formerly of the First 
National Bank library staff, Chicago, and Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt, 
from the library of Columbia University. Mrs. Winona Hinkley 
Cosner, guide-lecturer, resigned from the staff of the James Nelson 
and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation. Miss Mary P. Murray 
was made Assistant to the Associate Editor of Scientific Publications. 

Benjamin Bridge, who joined the staff on February 17, 1897, 
retired as Auditor of the Museum to take the position of Auditor 
Emeritus. William A. Bender, Assistant Auditor, was made Auditor, 
and A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper, became Assistant Auditor. Herman 
Abendroth, Assistant Photographer, was appointed Photographer, 
to succeed C. H. Carpenter, retired, and John Bayalis, Preparator 
in the Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, 
was transferred to the Division of Photogi'aphy as Assistant Photog- 
rapher. Leonard Rosenthal was made Preparator in Harris Exten- 
sion. David J. Conwill, Sergeant of the Guard, became Captain of 
the Guard upon the retirement of Captain E. S. Abbey. 

Three Research Associates were appointed. Research appoint- 
ments, based upon scientific achievement, are honorary. Miguel 
Covarrubias, of the School of Anthropology in Mexico City, noted 
artist, ethnologist, and archaeologist, was appointed Research As- 
sociate in Primitive Art, Department of Anthropology. Mr. Covar- 
rubias, an expert in primitive art, is the author of several important 
books on the ethnology of Bali and of Mexico. In recognition of his 

• 29 

New research equipment includes a sliding microtome for cutting thin sections of 
plant material and a binocular research microscope with a low voltage light source. 
Donald Richards, Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany, demonstrates their use. 

long association with the Museum and great assistance rendered in 
caring for its bryological collections, Donald Richards, of Chicago, 
was appointed Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany, Depart- 
ment of Botany. Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Division of 
Birds, was appointed Research Associate in Birds, Department of 
Zoology, in recognition of his valuable association with the Museum 
in the field and in the laboratory. Mr. Traylor's main studies have 
been on birds of tropical and subtropical America. 

Julius Friesser, Taxidermist in the Department of Zoology, 
retired from the service of the Museum after nearly forty-four years 
on the staff. W. H. Corning, General Superintendent, who came to 
the Museum on December 26, 1920, as Chief Engineer, also retired 
from the service of the Museum. The Museum thanks these faithful 
employees for their long years of service and extends its best wishes 
to them in the years of their retirement. 

30 • 

It is with regret that I record the death of three Museum em- 
ployees and two Museum pensioners: Arthur G. Rueckert, Staff 
Artist; Frank L. Heyser, Bookbinder; Frank Klampferer, Guard; 
Patrick Walsh, a pensioner, formerly a Guard; and Mrs. Harriet 
W. Cory, a pensioner, widow of the late Charles B. Cory, Curator 
of Zoology from 1906 to 1921. 


The Museum sent sixteen expeditions into the field during 1948. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. Expeditions of 1948 were: 

Department of Anthropology: Southivest Archaeological Ex- 
pedition — conducted by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator. 

Department of Botany: Cuban Botanical Field Trip— con- 
ducted by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus; Desloge Peruvian 
Botanical Expedition — conducted by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator 
of Economic Botany; Gulf States Botanical Expedition — conducted 
by Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany; Middle 
Central American Botanical Expedition, 19^8 Ii.9 — conducted by 
Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium. 

Department of Geology : Eastern States Geological Field Trip — 
conducted by Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator; Pennsylvania 
Geological Field Trip — conducted by Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., 
Curator of Fossil Invertebrates; Southwest Geological Field Trip — 
conducted by Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits; Wyoming 
Paleontological Expedition — conducted by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles. 

Department of Zoology: Arkansas Zoological Field Trip — 
conducted by Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals; Bermuda 
Deep-Sea Expedition — conducted by Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of 
Lower Invertebrates; Colombian Zoological Expedition, 19^8-^9, 
conducted by Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals; 
Guatemalan Zoological Expedition — conducted by Rupert L. Wenzel, 
Assistant Curator of Insects; Mexican Zoological Expedition — con- 
ducted by Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate in Birds; Patau 
Entomological Expedition, 19^7-Ji.8 — Henry S. Dybas, Assistant 
Curator of Insects, Museum representative; University of California 
African Expedition — Harry Hoogstraal, Assistant Curator of Insects, 
Museum representative. 


This rare Three Circle Red-ori' White pottery bowl was recovered from the floor of 
a pit house at the Turkey Foot Ridge village site, New Mexico, by the Southwest 
Archaeological Expedition, 1948. The estimated age of the bowl is 1,000 years. 

Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

Excavations in the Apache National Forest, in western New Mexico, 
were continued by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, under a permit 
issued to the Museum by the Forest Service, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. The Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1948, took to the field in June and returned to Chicago in October. 
The excavations were under the supervision of Dr. Martin and Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, who were aided by Dr. 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate in Glacial Geology, and three 
students, W. T. Egan, Leonard G. Johnson, and I. J. Wood, Jr. 

Research on Mogollon culture was again directed in two main 
channels: (1) a continuation of the search for more evidence con- 
cerning early man in America to supplement that found in 1947 
and (2) extensive digging in pit houses, the data from which would 
help fill the gap between a.d. 500 and a.d. 900 in our knowledge of 
Mogollon culture. 

In seeking to accomplish the first objective, the archaeologists 
let Nature do their excavating for them. To make this statement 
clear, it must be borne in mind that the evidence of early man 
consists of crude, scarcely worked stone tools that are buried to a 
depth of several feet. Discovering these early tools is difficult and 


laborious, for to do so the archaeologist must walk up and down 
the bed of an ancient stream that is eight to fifteen feet below the 
present surface. Jutting from the banks of this stream are numerous 
rocks of all shapes and sizes. It requires trained eyes and years of 
experience to determine which, if any, of the rocks may be tools 
of early man. Each stone that appears to bear a resemblance to 
a primitive tool has to be dug out of the banks so that whether the 
"suspicious" looking stone is definitely a tool or just another stone 
can be determined. It was stated above that the archaeologists 
let Nature excavate for them, and by that was meant the natural 
erosion that took place between September, 1947, and June, 1948. 
Obviously, the banks of the stream had been combed and recorded 
with the greatest care in the summer of 1947. During the winter, 
rains sloughed off more dirt and thus exposed new bank surfaces, 
so that once again search could be made for traces of ancient man. 

Daily Dr. Antevs studied fresh surfaces of banks and exposures 
of arroyos in the hope of gleaning more evidence of house sites or 
tools of early man. His exhaustive quest was rewarded by the 
finding of two hearths, each containing bits of charcoal that had 
glowed as embers about six thousand years ago, and several food- 
grinding stones, choppers, and handstones. One of the grinding 
stones had been buried to a depth of twelve feet; hence it may be 
slightly older than others that were not so deeply buried. After 
further study of the geological and archaeological evidence in Pine 
Lawn Valley and surrounding country. Dr. Antevs sees no reason 
for modifying the conclusions that he set forth in the Museum 
report on the Southwest Archaeological Expedition of 1947. 

Hallmarks (enlarged) on a silver gorget identify its maker as Luke Kendall and 
indicate that the place and year of manufacture was London, May 1775 to May 1776. 
Marked silver objects can be used to date Indian burials with which they arc found. 


The other phase of the expedition, that of excavating, was success- 
ful beyond expectations. Fifteen pit houses were completely ex- 
cavated, photographed, and mapped. One of these houses, occupied 
between a.d. 500 and A.D. 700, is classed as belonging to the George- 
town Phase; four, between a.d. 700 and a.d. 900, to the San Francisco 
Phase; and ten, between A.D. 900 and a.d. 1000, to the Three Circle 
Phase. These pit houses are different in some respects from those 
of the earlier Pine Lawn period. They tend to be deep and rectangu- 
lar, with long, stepped passage-entryways facing the east. Food- 
stuffs were no longer stored in pits dug into the floor, for fashion 
now dictated cupboards more conveniently placed in the walls. The 
long history (three or four hundred years) of plain, undecorated 
brown pottery was broken, and for the first time in Mogollon history 
delicate pottery appeared bearing well-executed designs. These 
consist of rectangular elements set forth with restraint in red on 
a pleasing, warm background. 

During the year Donald Collier, Curator of South American 
Ethnology and Archaeology, carried out special research on the 
ancient Peruvians in connection with two exhibits on Peruvian 
archaeology prepared for the Hall of New World Archaeology (Hall 
B). The collection excavated by Curator Collier in Peru in 1946 
finally reached the Museum in June, and he expects to complete a 
report on this work in 1949. In connection with the exchange of 
collections being negotiated with the National Museum of Mexico, 
he made a survey to determine the types and quantity of specimens 
needed to round out the Mexican collections of Chicago Natural 
History Museum, spent several weeks assisting Dr. Daniel Rubin 
de la Borbolla and Research Associate Miguel Covarrubias, both 
of the National Museum of Mexico, in the selection of Oceanic and 
North American duplicate specimens that might be used in the 
exchange, and compiled data to go with the selected collection. 

Curator Collier spent considerable time working with and 
cataloguing a collection of ethnological specimens from the Rio 
Vaup^s region of southeastern Colombia, purchased from Paul H. 
Allen at the beginning of the year. Mr. Allen was able, fortunately, 
to spend several days at the Museum going over the collection with 
Curator Collier and imparting to him data on provenience, material, 
and use. It was thus possible to record the manner of assembling 
the elaborate feather headdresses of the Vaup4s Indians, headdresses 
that contain scores of feathers of many colors and are composed of 
ten to twelve separate demountable parts ingeniously fitted together. 
Museum displays generally show these headdresses disassembled, 


A new diorama of part of the ancient city, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, prepared 
by Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, portrays phases of Mayan life in about A.D. 1000. 

with the result that mass and three-dimensional effect are entirely 
lost. One of the interesting conclusions from the study of the Allen 
Collection is that there is an extensive native development of tribal 
specialization in handicrafts and in trade among the Vaup^s Indians, 
which is surprising in these jungle tribes of simple culture. Trade 
is particularly active in basketry utensils, ceremonial equipment and 
feather ornaments, blowguns and darts, and curare poison. 

During the year Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African 
Ethnology, has continued the research necessary for compilation of 
a bibliography on African anthropology. This bibliography will in- 
clude the literature available in a large number of periodicals as well 
as books and is intended as a supplement to Dr. Hambly's Source 
Book for African Anthropology (Museum Press, 2 vols., 1937), now 
long out of print. The arrangement of material is under names of 
authors, subjects, and political regions, with a separate section given 
to a bibliography of periodical literature. Good progress has been 
made with research on the craniometry of Melanesia and Polynesia. 
Most of the data from measurements and descriptions of the large 
collection of crania in the Department of Anthropology are now 
assembled, and a manuscript entitled "Craniometry of Malekula 

35 . 

I r 

M  I'i ;i I I /I 

If i 'If 

"  •  t .  



i I  

''Dating Layers by Position," a new exhibit, demonstrates simple stratigraphy in 
an ancient Indian village trash heap in Arizona (section pictured above) and in 

and New Caledonia" will soon be ready for the press. The study 
of deformed skulls of Malekula is of exceptional interest because 
the Museum has an unrivaled collection of these crania. Publica- 
tions have included Craniometry of New Guinea, Craniometry of 
Amhrym Island, and Cranial Capacities, A Study in Methods. 

In addition to research for exhibits in American archaeology, 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, completed a report on a 
Plaquemine period site in Louisiana and began a report on the 
Natchezan occupancy of the Bayou Goula site in Iberville Parish, 
Louisiana. He also continued his research on archaeology of the 
Aleutian Islands. In December the Museum Press issued Prehistoric 

. 36 

:A22D52j11 Liriy iJiJISi-' 2A:iL'J yJJJOD 

a modern city trash heap in the Middle West (section pictured above). Tlie top 
layer is latest, the middle layer, intermediate, and the bottom layer, earliest. 

Art of the Aleutian Islands, a brief article by Curator Quimby on 
Aleut prehistory as revealed by engraved designs and stratigraphy. 

During the first four months of the year Dr. Rinaldo collaborated 
with Dr. Martin in writing a detailed report on excavations in Pine 
Lawn Valley of west-central New Mexico by the Southwest Archaeo- 
logical Expedition during the summer of 1947. He also prepared a 
chart showing the development of Mogollon culture traits, such as 
architecture, pottery, and stone and bone tools, from 3000 B.C. to 
A.D. 1000, which is included in that report. From time to time he 
assisted in the planning and preparation of exhibits for the Hall of 
New World Archaeology (Hall B). He also continued research on 


and cataloguing of the extensive Herzfeld Collection of Persian 
antiquities. After his return from the field in the fall he made a 
detailed analysis of the pottery and artifacts recovered from the 
Turkey Foot Ridge village site in Pine Lawn Valley preliminary to 
preparation of a report on the summer's field work. As an aid to 
pottery analysis Dr. Rinaldo made a trip to Logan Museum, at 
Beloit, Wisconsin, and the University of Minnesota, at Minneapolis, 
where he studied their extensive Mogollon and Mimbres pottery 
collections for comparison with pottery collections made in Pine 
Lawn Valley by our Southwest Archaeological Expeditions. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, devoted 
the year to the completion of his report on results of the field work 
conducted on Majuro Atoll in the Marshall Islands by the Ethno- 
logical Expedition to Micronesia, 1947, a Museum expedition that 
was part of a larger program, the Co-ordinated Investigation of 
Micronesian Anthropology, sponsored by the Pacific Science Board 
of the National Research Council. The aim of Dr. Spoehr's work, 

This spectacular ceremonial 
headdress of Vaupes Indians 
is in the Paul H. Allen Collec 
tion of ethnological specimens 
from the Rio Vaupes region of 
southeastern Colombia. The 
elaborate, brilliantly colored 
headdresses are made of egret, 
macaw, and toucan feathers, 
and each one is composed of 
about 12 demountable parts. 


as well as that of the other investigators in the larger program, was 
to obtain basic ethnographic knowledge of present-day peoples of 
Micronesia. Dr. Spoehr's report is a study of a single, type com- 
munity, to show the social, economic, and political organization of 
contemporary Marshallese life. His material is valuable in clarifying 
the picture of aboriginal culture. More important, however, is the 
fact that the knowledge gained contributes to an understanding of 
those processes of culture change that have been operative in Micro- 
nesia and assists in the delineation of the cultural types that are 
forming in the Pacific area as a result of the impact of Western 
civilization. This ethnographic information is also essential for 
the solution of administrative problems in Micronesia, which is now 
under American control. Dr. Spoehr's report has been forwarded 
to the National Research Council and will be published at a later 
date by the Museum Press. 

The subject index of specimens in the collections of the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology is nearing completion. Research and organiza- 
tional work have been proceeding on this project for a number of 
years. A great deal of time will be saved by users of the subject 
index. For example, the index will make it comparatively easy to 
answer inquiries about the quantity and quality of material from a 
particular region as well as those about one type of object found in 
several different areas. 

In November the Museum Press issued, in the Popular Series 
of Publications, Prehistoric Men, by Dr. Robert J. Braidwood, 
Research Associate in the Department of Anthropology. This 
book is written expressly for laymen and beginning students in- 
terested in the prehistory of Europe and the Near East. The story 
of man's earliest cultural beginnings (about 500,000 years ago) is a 
fascinating one, and Dr. Braidwood tells it in a clear, condensed 
style. Prehistoric Men is attractively illustrated with a large number 
of drawings, many of them in two colors. 

Accessions— Anthropology 

The Museum was fortunate to be able to purchase from Paul H. 
Allen a representative collection of 331 ethnological specimens from 
the Rio Vaup^s region of southeastern Colombia. Mr. Allen, who 
is a botanist, collected the material during a three-year stay in that 
region while working on the wartime rubber program. The collec- 
tion consists of weapons, baskets, pottery, toys, musical instruments, 
personal ornaments, and a great variety of ceremonial paraphernalia, 


including equipment used by medicine men in ceremonies for curing. 
Most spectacular are the brilliantly colored headdresses constructed 
of toucan, macaw, and egret feathers. This collection is of great 
value not only because it is well documented but also because the 
relatively intact cultures of the Vaupes tribes have just entered a 
period of rapid change that will witness the loss of many aboriginal 
crafts and customs in the next few years. 

Exhibits— Anthropology 

Nine new exhibits and one diorama were completed in the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology under the direction of Curator of Exhibits 
Quimby, Chief Curator Martin, Curator Spoehr, Curator Collier, 
and Dr. Rinaldo, with the assistance of Artist Gustaf Dalstrom, 
Research Associate Covarrubias, Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, 
Ceramic Restorer John Pletinckx, and Preparators Paul J. Warner 
and Walter C. Reese. 

Seven of the new exhibits are on display in the Hall of New World 
Archaeology (Hall B). These are: "Empire Builders of the Andes — 
the Incas of Peru" (a.d. 1200-1500); 'Tre-Inca Cultures of Peru" 
(500 B.C. to A.D. 1450); "Indian Civilization during the Burial 
Mound Period" (a.d. 900 1400); "Some Tools and Weapons of 
Chipped Stone and How They Were Made by the Indians" ; "Quarry- 
ing Flint" (rearrangement of a group originally prepared under the 
supervision of W. H. Holmes, the first Curator of Anthropology); 
"Dating Layers by Position"; and "Dating Indian Remains by 
Trade Objects of Known Age." Two of the new exhibits, decorated 
shields of the Crow Indians, were designed by Artist Dalstrom and 
Research Associate Covarrubias for installation in Mary D. Sturgis 
Hall (Hall 5, Indian Tribes of the Great Plains). 

The Maya diorama was completed during the year and installed 
in Hall B, where it takes its place as the last of a series of similar 
model exhibits that have proved extremely popular with Museum 
visitors. The Maya diorama is a model of part of the ancient city 
of Chich^n Itza, in northern Yucatan, Mexico, which, like other 
Maya cities, was a religious and ceremonial center. The diorama 
portrays a cross section of life in the city as it must have been in 
about the year a.d. 1000 and was constructed by Dioramist Rowell, 
with the co-operation of Ceramic Restorer Pletinckx. The necessary 
research and planning were done by Mr. Rowell, who was sent by 
the Museum to Yucatan in 1946, and by Chief Curator Martin, 
Curator Spoehr, Curator Collier, and other Department members. 



Visibility of details in exhibits and murals is aided by new lighting in Hall 19. 

Department of Botany 

Research and Expeditions 

In September, 1948, Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, 
left Chicago for his second expedition to middle Central America 
to continue the botanical exploration of El Salvador, Honduras, 
and Nicaragua, the three countries he had previously explored in 
1946 and 1947. Reports received from him indicate that he is con- 
tinuing to find many important new plant records for those countries. 
Until the end of 1948 he had confined his activities to Honduras. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator, pursued his studies of the 
American species of the genera Chenopodium and Gnetum. He was 
also occupied with revision for publication of the manuscript on 
the Cycadaceae by the late Professor Charles J. Chamberlain, 
Research Associate in the Department of Botany, and Professor 
A. W. Haupt, of the University of California at Los Angeles. 


Throughout the year, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus, con- 
tinued his extensive studies of American palms. He spent several 
months in Cuba collecting palms and economic plants for the special 
palm collection and for exhibit purposes. In his field work he enjoyed 
frequently the company and collaboration of the distinguished Cuban 
botanist. Brother Leon, of Colegio de La Salle. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
continued the study of his large collections made in Ecuador and 
Venezuela as well as those made in Venezuela by Llewelyn Williams, 
Associate in Forest Products. The first portion of the manuscript 
dealing with the new species collected in Venezuela by Dr. Steyer- 
mark is scheduled for publication in Brittonia early in 1949. Much 
time was spent on the identification of miscellaneous collections sent 
to the Museum, especially those from parts of Central and South 
America, Mexico, and the United States. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, carried on 
studies of the flora of Peru at various herbaria in California. Dr. 
Jose Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian Botany, was occupied with 

A new installation in Hall 26 
includes wood specimens, dis' 
tribution map, photograph of 
typical trees, and model of a 
branch of western larch, by 
Emil Sella, Curator of Ex- 
hibits, Department of Botany. 


organization, identification, and monographic studies of his extensive 
collections of Colombian plants. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research 
Associate in Systematic Botany, completed for publication in North 
American Flora taxonomic revisions of ten genera of Compositae. 
In addition, he carried on extensive cultural investigations of critical 
species of Dahlia in conjunction with his monographic studies. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, spent 
much of his time preparing and filing the collections of cryptogams 
on hand and naming the several thousand algae received for identi- 
fication. With William A. Daily, of Butler University, he con- 
tinued work on a revision of the non-filamentous Myxophyceae. 
Dr. Drouet left in October on an expedition to collect plants along 
the Gulf of Mexico from Louisiana to Florida. Dr. Walter Kiener, 
of the Game, Forestation and Parks Commission of Nebraska, visitor 
on the Museum staff during September, worked on the collection 
of lichens. Dr. L. H. Tiffany and Donald Richards, Research 
Associates, pursued their studies of algae and mosses, respectively. 
Dr. Herbert Habeeb and Miss Margaret Feigley, volunteer workers, 
determined the species of large numbers of North American mosses 
and hepatics. 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his studies of American cultivated plants, especially corn and 
squashes, and their wild relatives. In February he joined Dr. 
Dahlgren in Cuba to study palms in the field and to gather material 
for cytological studies of the genus Copernicia. April and May 
were spent on a botanical expedition to the highlands of Peru to 
study varieties of cultivated plants peculiar to that region. Seeds 
brought back from this expedition were planted in Chicago, and 
the plants grown from these were studied throughout the summer. 
In the Museum, Dr. Cutler worked with the collections made on 
the expeditions. In addition, he determined several collections of 
plant fragments sent in by archaeologists of several institutions. 

Approximately forty-two thousand specimens and many type 
photographs of the Linnaean Herbarium were mounted and distrib- 
uted in the phanerogamic and cryptogamic herbaria, through the 
efforts of Carl Gervens and Mrs. Effie Schugman and their assistants. 
During the year the Department of Botany sold more than five 
thousand photographic prints and sent in exchange to other institu- 
tions and to botanists for study purposes or insertion in their her- 
baria nearly four thousand prints and accompanying labels from 
its large collection of negatives of type and historical specimens of 
American plants in European herbaria. 


Interesting specimens of South American corn were collected during the Desloge 
Peruvian Expedition, 1948, by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany. 

Accessions— Botany 

The most important additions to the phanerogamic herbarium 
during the year were various collections from Central and South 
America. Among the most noteworthy may be mentioned the follow- 
ing: 2,498 specimens from Central America, mostly Honduran, 
collected by Dr. Louis 0. Williams; 1,919 Argentinian plants sent 
in exchange by the Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad de Tucu- 
man; 769 plants from Chiapas, Mexico, collected by Eizi Matuda; 
459 plants of the Guianas, including many species new to science, 
as well as to the Herbarium, collected by Dr. Bassett Maguire, sent 
as exchange by the New York Botanical Garden; 1,403 specimens of 
cultivated plants collected by Mrs. H. P. Bracelin, of the University 
of California, as exchange; and 717 Peruvian plants collected by 
Felix Woytkowski and sent as exchange by the University of Cali- 
fornia. Other important additions, received as exchanges, were 
sent by the University of Michigan, Allan Hancock Foundation of 


the University of Southern California, and Missouri Botanical 
Garden. Besides the cryptogams collected on Museum expeditions, 
more than 21,000 specimens were received during the year by the 
cryptogamic herbarium, of which 3,500 were purchased with funds 
provided by Elmer J. Richards and Donald Richards. Some 12,000 
algae were received in exchange for curatorial services rendered to 
Yale University in connection with the D. C. Eaton algal herbarium. 
The remainder were either exchanges or gifts. 

The wood collections were increased through various gifts, such 
as 43 wood specimens from Cuba, collected by Dr. Ramon Gomez 
and presented by Dr. Dahlgren. A collection of 49 microscope slides 
of tropical woods was presented by Professor Misael Acosta Solis, 
of Quito, Ecuador. 

The extensive collection of photographs of plants and vegetation 
has been greatly augmented by recent additions, especially the large 
gift of several thousand negatives by Dr. Ezra Kraus, Professor 
Emeritus of Botany, University of Chicago. Prints of all botanical 
negatives are being made, mounted, labeled, and filed. 

Exhibits— Botany 

Work on the reconstruction of the fossil cycadophyte Cycadeoidea 
ingens required considerable time of staff members of the Plant 
Reproduction Laboratory. Additions to the synoptic exhibits in 
Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life) include a 
fruiting branch of the Australian or dammar pine (Agathis sp.) and 
small branches of Podocarpus, yew, and white cedar. Shortly, all 
of these will be installed with the exhibits of other representatives 
of living conifers. The Agathis and Podocarpus branches were 
assembled by Artist-Preparator Milton Copulos, 

Restorations of branches of western larch (Larix), noble fir 
(Abies), western red cedar (Thuja), and so forth, prepared by 
Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella, were installed in Charles F. Mills- 
paugh Hall (Hall 26, North American Trees) with the assistance 
of Preparator Mathias Dones. During the latter part of the year, 
Curator Sella was occupied with planning new lighting and with 
reconditioning the exhibits in Hall 29. The vast improvement in 
lighting shows to greater advantage the extensive and unique 
collection of plant models that is the result of many years of un- 
stinting effort and infinite care. Completion of this project will 
probably require the undivided attention of the entire staff of the 
Laboratory during most of the coming year. 


Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, works on preliminary 
identification of specimens in the collection of invertebrate fossils made by 
Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, at the Salt Range, Punjab, India. 

Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions ' 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, in collaboration with Robert 
Kriss Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, completed studies on 
the Mapleton meteorite. Dr. Roy also carried on his studies of 
several other undescribed meteorites, both stony and iron, and made 
substantial progress in the compilation of a descriptive catalogue of 
the Museum's collection of meteorites. In addition to his studies 
on the Mapleton meteorite, Curator Wyant spent considerable time 
in the calibration of instruments for meteorite analysis and made 
quantitative analyses, both metal and silicate, of portions of the 
Houck, the Holbrook, and the Benld meteorites. 

Studies by Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, on 
the peculiar extinct mammalian order Taeniodonta were essentially 



completed during the year. A general paper on the evolution of 
the group was prepared for inclusion in Genetics, Paleontology atul 
Evolution, a volume to be published by Princeton University Press, 
and a more detailed discussion will shortly be submitted to the 
Museum Press. Curator Patterson began his work on the determina- 
tion of the early Oligocene mammals from trans-Pecos, Texas, col- 
lected in 1946. In this connection, to make the necessary first- 
hand comparisons, he visited various eastern Museums during 
November and December. 

Two papers, Part I ("Introduction") and Part II ("The Pleu- 
rodiran Turtles") of The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation 
of Alabama, were completed by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of 
Fossil Reptiles, and issued by the Museum Press. Progress was 
made on the preparation of Part III, which will contain descriptions 
of the forms belonging to the family Toxochelydae, a highly aquatic 
group of turtles. Another research project under preparation by 
Dr. Zangerl concerns a proposal for a new classification of the order 
Chelonia, in which living as well as fossil turtles are being considered. 
Dr. Zangerl has, for many years, been interested in basic concepts 
of comparative morphological methodology. He completed an essay 
on this subject, which was published in Evolution. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, 
prepared two papers for publication by the Museum Press: a descrip- 
tion of eight fossil crustaceans and a discussion of the pre-Cambrian 
stromatolites of an area in northern Michigan. He also made pre- 
liminary identifications of the fossils collected by Chief Curator Roy 
from the Salt Range in northern India. Dr. Robert H. Denison, 
Curator of Fossil Fishes, who became a member of the staff in August, 
is engaged in completing a series of studies on one of the earliest 
known groups of vertebrates, the Osteostraci. The results of his 
studies will appear in two papers, both of which are nearly ready 
for publication. The first is a general study on the evolution and 
classification of the group; the second is a description of the micro- 
scopic structure of the skeleton, particularly of the earliest Osteo- 
straci from the Island of Oesel in the Baltic. 

George Langford, Assistant in Fossil Plants, devoted most of 
his time to new material for his report on the Wilmington coal 
flora and fauna. All the fossils described have been collected from 
the strip coal mine area near Wilmington, Will County, Illinois. 
The manuscript, on which Assistant Langford has been working 
for more than ten years, covers, to date, 480 species and forms 
representing 133 genera and sub-genera. Illustrative material con- 


sists of over 1,200 photographs and 400 drawings. Completion of 
the work is delayed by periodic influxes of hitherto undiscovered 
materials that necessitate revisions and new interpretations. 

Preparation of vertebrate materials for study consisted chiefly 
of specimens collected in Texas by Curator Patterson and James H. 
Quinn, former Chief Preparator, and by Dr. Zangerl and William 
D. Turnbull, Preparator, in Alabama. Preparation of a large fish 
specimen, also from Alabama, has been nearly completed. Thirty- 
eight specimens of mammals and reptiles from scattered localities 
also were prepared for study. John Conrad Hansen, Artist, com- 
pleted a total of 140 pen-and-ink and wash drawings and paintings 
for publications and exhibits. His services were lent to the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension for a month. 

During the year several expeditions worked in the field, all of 
them in the United States. Dr. Roy spent five weeks during Sep- 
tember and October in the eastern states, chiefly New York, collect- 
ing specimens for the systematic rock collection. Curator Wyant 
and Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, spent a month in 
several of the mining districts of the Southwest collecting ores and 
associated minerals, chiefly for use in exhibits under preparation. 
Included were collections from the bauxite district in Arkansas, the 
Petaca pegmatite district in New Mexico, the molybdenum deposits 
in Questa, New Mexico, and several lead, silver, and gold districts 
of Colorado. An excellent collection of copper and zinc was also 
obtained from Santa Rita, New Mexico. 

Curator Richardson covered nearly six thousand miles in the 
eastern part of the country during June and July. The fossils 
collected on this trip are intended for the stratigraphic series and 
for exhibits in the new Hall of Fossil Invertebrates and Plants. He 
also collected fossils and gray clay to be used in making a reproduc- 

Crystals en masse of such per' 
fection as this group of crys- 
tals of manganosiderite from 
Eagle Mine, Colorado, are rare 
(one-fourth its natural size). 


tion of the famous Miocene fossil beds on the shore of Chesapeake 
Bay. Local field trips included Grand Tower and Percy, Illinois, 
where he found some very well preserved Pennsylvanian brachiofjods, 
now added to the study collection. 

Dr. Zangerl led an expedition to west-central Wyominj^: with 
the specific purpose of searching for nothosaur material in the Alcova 
limestone, a member of the Chugwater Formation. A single speci- 
men, the only representative of this group of reptiles in the New 
World, had previously been discovered in this formation. The 
expedition succeeded in obtaining about a dozen additional partial 
skeletons as well as another reptile whose identity cannot be de- 
termined until the specimen is prepared for study. The Popo Agie 
Formation, which directly overlies the Alcova limestone, was also 
searched, and it produced several interesting specimens. 

Assistant Langford made several short trips to the strip coal 
mines, near Wilmington, Will County, Illinois, where he spent a 
total of thirty days. He was assisted part of the time by Chief 
Preparator Orville L. Gilpin and by Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, 
both Associates in Fossil Plants. Mr. Langford, a veteran collector, 
whose knowledge of the Wilmington area is second to none, brought 
back and added to the fossil collection nearly three thousand speci- 
mens, many of which are extremely rare, the outstanding finds being 
a number of fossil spiders, scorpions, and annelids. 

Accessions— Geology 

Additions of new materials to the collections during the year were 
of especial interest, particularly from the standpoint of quality and 
unrepresented materials. The Division of Fossil Fishes was enriched 
by a collection of fossil fishes from the Mowry shale (Cretaceous) of 
Wyoming, collected during the summer by the Wyoming expedition 
under the leadership of Dr. Zangerl. The Mowry fishes have, 
hitherto, been known only from scales. Dr. Zangerl's collection 
of nothosaur materials from the Chugwater Formation of Wyoming 
is also noteworthy, since this group of reptiles in the New World 
was heretofore known by a solitary specimen. 

Important accessions in the Division of Fossil Invertebrates in- 
clude a collection of Pleistocene or Pliocene mollusk shells from the 
Caloosahatchie Canal excavation in Florida, presented to the Mu- 
seum by A. A. Bakewell, of Solon Springs, Wisconsin, and a gift of 
77 fossil insects collected by Dr. and Mrs. Whitfield and Jack 
Whitfield from the Oligocene beds at Florissant, Colorado. By 


exchange with the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
the Museum gained 477 specimens of Pleistocene and Tertiary 
fossils, chiefly mollusks, from the Atlantic coastal plain. Some rare 
forms were included in this accession. The most important addition 
to the collection of invertebrate fossils during the year, however, 
was a collection of about 4,000 specimens of Permian fossils from 
the Salt Range of northern India, collected in 1945 by Chief Curator 
Roy while on leave from the United States Army Air Forces. 

A splendid collection of onyx, gift of Dr. Carlos A. Friz, of 
Chicago, and 19 rare minerals, gift of the New Jersey Zinc Company, 
were added to the economic geology and mineral collections, respec- 
tively. The Anaconda Copper Mining Company, the Reynolds 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles (right), and his assistant quarry 
nothosaur skeletal material during the Wyoming Paleontological Expedition, 1948. 


,:»J Jjl V r 


Metals Company, the Republic Steel Corporation, and the American 
Brass Company donated several series of finished metal products to 
be applied as "uses" of various ores exhibited in Hall 36 (Economic 
Geology). At the close of the year the Museum was again fortunate 
to receive as a gift five meteorites from Stuart H. Perry, of Adrian, 
Michigan. They form an especially valuable addition, for none was 
hitherto represented in the Museum's collection of meteorites. A 
final notable addition to the collections for the year was 34.4 carat 
step-cut golden beryl, from Dr. J. Daniel Willems, of Chicago. 

Exhibits— Geology 

In Hall 36 (Economic Geology) eight exhibits of metallic ores were 
installed under the supervision of Curator of Exhibits Changnon, 
with the assistance of Preparators Henry Horback and Kent Jones. 
Included are exhibits of the nonferrous metals (gold, silver, copper, 
lead, zinc, aluminum, and tin), iron, ferroalloys, and rare and minor 
minerals of industrial importance. Each exhibit contains the im- 
portant ore minerals of the metal, typical ores of leading producing 
deposits, and information regarding their occurence and production. 
Two major additions were made in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38, 
Fossil Vertebrates). For the first time since their installation in 
the late '20s and early '30s, the famous Knight murals showing life 
of the past were adequately captioned. This was accomplished by 
forty large raised-letter plaques bearing titles and explanations of the 
prehistoric scenes. The new plaques enable visitors easily to associ- 
ate the murals with the fossil materials exhibited and thereby gain 
a clearer view of life and conditions in past geologic ages. Sixteen 
skeletons of Permian reptiles and amphibians, the cream of the 
Permian fossils from the magnificent gift of fossil vertebrates received 
from the University of Chicago in 1947, were placed on temporary 
exhibit in Hall 38. 

Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37, Fossil Invertebrates and 
Fossil Plants) was completely remodeled during the year to furnish 
fifty-three new-type built-in wall cases to house the new fossil in- 
vertebrate and fossil plant exhibits. Installation of these new ex- 
hibits began in September, and four introductory exhibits were 
installed. Plans call for completion of the hall in 1950. When 
completed, the hall will represent one of the most comprehensive 
exhibits — stratigraphic and systematic — of fossil invertebrates and 
plants ever attempted. Included will be seven underwater inverte- 
brate habitat groups and three plant groups. 


u. OF m. u% 

Valuable information on the habits of African chameleons was derived from a study 
of live specimens received from Harry Hoogstraal, Assistant Curator of Insects. 

Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

Research within the Museum was focused mainly on reports on 
specific collections, often largely by-products of the basic routine 
of identification by which all specimens enter the research collections. 
Segments of the collections made in 1946-47 by the Museum's 
Philippines Zoological Expedition were reported on in whole or in 
part by the Divisions of Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles. Colin C. 
Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, continued his special interest in bats, 
completing two papers and working on the large manuscript of a 
revision of the horse-shoe nosed bats of the genus Rhinolophus. 
Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals, continued his 
work on Colombian mammals (begun under the auspices of the 
Smithsonian Institution), prepared a series of short papers on 
mammalian nomenclature, and reported on the tropical American 
mammals that were collected by Ivan T. Sanderson for the British 
Museum and stored at this Museum during the war. 


In the Division of Birds, Curator Austin L. Rand was engaged 
in studies of faunal, systematic, and ecological aspects of African 
birds from both sides of the continent. Emmet R. Blake, Associate 
Curator, and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, continued 
work on neotropical birds and prepared a series of papers for publica- 
tion. The problem of definition of subspecies, a subject of consider- 
able current taxonomic imi)ortance, engaged the attention of Dr. 
Rand and Mr. Traylor. The long-term project of the Division of 
Birds, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, made large advances during 
1948 under the supervision of Boardman Conover, Research As- 
sociate, and of Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor of Scientific 
Publications. Two sections of the final part of this work, each of 
volume length, were published; the final section had gone to press 
at the end of the year. In addition to her work with exhibits, Mrs. 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, carried on considerable curatorial work. 

In the Division of Reptiles, Robert F. Inger, temporary assistant, 
made excellent progress on a comprehensive report on Philippine 
amphibians. Curator Clifford H. Pope continued his studies on 
North American salamanders and continued also his interest in the 
operation of snake venom, both as to the mechanics of striking and 
the effects of venom. The small Burmese python, presented to the 
Division in 1945, has afforded opportunity for a unique growth- 
record and for observations of behavior, with a by-product of im- 
portant practical hints for zoological-garden management. The 
Division was host during the year to a series of twenty-nine East 
African chameleons. After being studied by Bernard Greenberg, of 
Roosevelt College, as to life history and behavior, the specimens 
remaining were deposited with the Chicago Zoological Society and 
Lincoln Park Zoo. The chameleon studies, in fact, serve as an 
example of the large areas of overlapping interest in zoological 
studies in museums and zoological gardens. 

Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, was essentially "on loan" 
to the United States National Museum for the first part of the year, 
where he was engaged with Dr. Leonard P. Schultz of that museum 
on the monumental report on Pacific fishes resulting from the col- 
lections made at Bikini Atoll. His work on this project (which 
results in the accession of a share of the Bikini fish collection by this 
Museum) is continuing. Preliminary studies of Bermuda shore 
fishes, in which Curator Woods has been aided by Robert Kanazawa, 
temporary assistant, have disclosed interesting material. One of 
the principal objectives of the Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition, the 
collection of a representation of the remarkable types of fishes from 


the lightless depths of the ocean, has provided a fresh stimulus to 
the studies on this fauna, the special interest of Mrs. Marion Grey, 
Associate in the Division of Fishes. 

Studies toward a monograph on the giant panda, long the major 
research interest of D. D wight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anat- 
omy, has disclosed so many serious deficiencies in our knowledge of 
the allied bears and raccoons and of the flesh-eating mammals in 
general that their scope has long since been enlarged to a review of 
the morphology of the Carnivora. However, much progress was 
made during the year on the manuscript dealing specifically with the 
giant panda. It is fortunate to find that this creature embodies in 
almost diagrammatic form many of the most interesting principles 
of what has been called "functional comparative anatomy." Various 
studies on locomotion of mammals and reptiles and observations on 
the remarkable behavior of the brilliantly colored North American 
mud snake and on the locomotion of geckos were among Curator 
Davis' accessory interests during the year. Dr. R. M. Strong, 
Research Associate, continued his research work on the anatomy of 
the salamander Necturus. 

The Division of Insects, still largely absorbed in curatorial routine, 
reports the continuing research on special families of beetles, the 
Histeridae, by Assistant Curator Rupert P. Wenzel, and the Ptiliidae, 
by Assistant Curator Henry S. Dybas, together with the studies on 
Staphylinidae by Research Associate Charles H. Seevers and work 
on the Mordellidae by Eugene Ray, temporary assistant. In the 
Division of Lower Invertebrates, Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator, was 
engaged in studies of the fresh-water mollusks of Lake Titicaca, 
on loan from the British Museum, and of other Peruvian material 
received from the Museo Javier Prado, in Lima. 

In lieu of original research Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt was 
engaged in the revision of Ecological Animal Geography (Hesse, 
Allee, and Schmidt, 1937) for a second edition. The translation 
of the German original of this work was made by Chief Curator 
Schmidt during long sea voyages in connection with Museum 
expeditions, and the American edition has been favorably received. 
As the year closed he had finished reading galley proof of a second 
work with university colleagues. The Principles of Animal Ecology, 
begun in 1941 in collaboration with Professors W. C. Allee, Alfred E. 
Emerson, and Thomas Park, of the University of Chicago, and 
Orlando Park, of Northwestern University. 

The major expedition of 1948 was the Bermuda Deep-Sea Ex- 
pedition, in which the operation of the oceanographic vessel, the 


The evolutionary relationship of the principal types of living mammals is illus' 
trated by models prepared by Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist, Department of Zoology. 

98-foot ketch Caryn, was made possible by co-operation with the 
Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc. Leader of our 
Bermuda party was Dr. Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, who 
was ably seconded by Curator Woods, of the Division of Fishes. 
Mrs. Grey, Associate in Fishes, accompanied the party, with Ronald 
J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist. Miss Margaret J. Bauer, 
Departmental Secretary, joined the party as volunteer for five 
weeks. Dr. Dugald E. S. Brown, Director of the Bermuda Biological 
Station, through whom the use of the Caryn was arranged, main- 
tained a most active interest in the deep-sea trawling operations. 
The material obtained proved of great interest also to visiting 
scientists working in the laboratories of the Biological Station. 

The Divisions of Insects and Mammals collaborated effectively 
in the Guatemalan Zoological Expedition, which left New Orleans 
in April. Assistant Curator of Insects Wenzel was accompanied 


by Rodger D. Mitchell, of Wayne, Illinois, and Mr. de la Torre, 
temporary assistant in the Division of Mammals, who is a student at 
the University of Michigan. The attachment of Mr. de la Torre 
to the Guatemala party was especially effective because the Mu- 
seum's entomological staff maintains an active interest in the 
ectoparasites of mammals. Illness necessitated the return of As- 
sistant Curator Wenzel at the end of May, but Mr. Mitchell and 
Mr. de la Torre carried on their respective insect and mammal col- 
lecting until October, when Mr. Mitchell returned, leaving Mr. 
de la Torre to continue the search for mammals, more particularly 
for bats. One or more members of the party visited the Departments 
of Chimaltenango, Sacatepequez, Escuintla, Progreso, Zacapa, Alta 
Verapaz, and Huehuetenango. A principal focus of interest of the 
expedition was the collecting of material from the type localities of 
the species described in the monumental Biologia Centrali- Americana, 
in which the report on beetles alone extends to eighteen bound 
volumes describing about twelve thousand new species. The fresh 
material from Guatemala makes possible renewed studies from 
modern viewpoints on this fascinating and complex fauna. 

Under the auspices of the Pacific Science Board of the National 
Research Council, as part of the scientific surveys of the Pacific 
islands under United States control. Assistant Curator Dybas, of 
the Division of Insects, was engaged in the entomological survey 
of the Palau Islands and of Ponape, in the eastern Carolines. The 
islands of the western Pacific, long behind a Japanese curtain, are 
now being actively explored from every scientific aspect. Mr. 
Dybas returned to the Museum in April. Harry Hoogstraal, at- 
tached to the Museum staff as Assistant Curator of Insects, repre- 
sented the Museum on the University of California African Expedi- 
tion. He was engaged primarily in the collection of blood samples 
of mammals and lizards and ectoparasites of mammals for the 
Naval Research Institute. A share of his host specimens will be 
assigned to the Museum. 

Research Associate Traylor, of the Division of Birds, was accom- 
panied by Mrs. Traylor on a bird-collecting expedition to Veracruz, 
with special effort directed to the altitudinal zones of the great 
mountain mass of Orizaba. The party was hospitably entertained 
at Potrero Viejo, the hacienda of Dyfrig McH. .Forbes, host to a 
long succession of zoological collectors. Mr. and Mrs. Traylor were 
in Mexico from July 3 to September 11, traveling by means of the 
Museum's new carryall. At the end of the year Assistant Curator 
Hershkovitz, of the Division of Mammals, was established in 


Colombia for the completion of his mammal survey of that country, 
where he had worked extensively as Walter Rathbone Bacon Travel- 
ing Scholar of the Smithsonian Institution. 

Within the United States, Chief Curator Schmidt, accompanied 
by his son, John M. Schmidt, and by Mr. Inger, of the Division of 
Reptiles, used the new carryall for a brief trip to western Texas, 
where specimens of the remarkable "barking frog" and of the 
interesting neotenous salamanders ("permanent larvae") of the 
border of the Edwards Plateau were collected. Curator Sanborn 
made brief field trips to Arkansas for mammals in April and June 
as part of a continuing program of study in that state, also by 
means of the carryall. Curator Pope spent July and August at the 
Mountain Lake Biological Station of the University of Virginia, 
where the co-operation of staff and students of the graduate summer 
school greatly promoted his studies on salamander life-histories and 
distribution. In November he was accompanied by Dr. James 
Kezer, of Roosevelt College, to southern Missouri, where a collection 
of living cave salamanders was obtained for Dr. Kezer's studies on 
chromosome structures and for further investigation of the reduction 
and loss of eyes in these creatures of darkness. 

In October and November Mr. Inger returned to the interesting 
study of the autumn aggregation of blue racers in the Indiana Dunes. 
This "hibernating colony," in which the snakes come to a limited 
area each autumn, was discovered, or perhaps re-discovered, by 
Chief Curator Schmidt and Taxidermist Leon L. Walters in 1935, 
In the intervening time, with unfortunately interrupted studies, 
103 specimens were marked and released. Mr. Inger was able to 
mark no less than 92 specimens in the 1948 season, employing a 
greatly improved marking technique. It is hoped that future studies 
may yield information on return to the locality, growth, longevity, 
and population numbers. The carryall served also in an emergency 
when living mosquitoes were urgently desired in connection with 
the making of a large model of Ajiopheles, the malaria bearer. As- 
sistant Curators Wenzel and Dybas were promptly successful in 
finding specimens when other sources had failed. 

Accessions— Zoology 

The more important gifts of specimens received during the year are 
the large male Alaska brown bear, intended for exhibition, received 
from Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street, of Seattle, Washington; the 
continuing gifts of important anatomical material received from the 


Chicago Zoological Society and Lincoln Park Zoo; 71 mammals from 
British Honduras and Yucatan, collected by Ivan T. Sanderson and 
presented by the British Museum (Natural History); 77 birds from 
East Africa, mainly from high altitudes on Mt. Kenya, presented by 
Walther Buchen, of Chicago; and two ivory-billed woodpeckers (a 
North American species on the verge of extinction), from Arkansas, 
presented by Robert Burton, of Chicago. 

A notable gift in the Division of Reptiles was the collection of 
522 specimens of salamanders of the Appalachian region, from Dr. 
Nelson G. Hairston, of the University of Michigan; 17 living geckos, 
from C. B. Perkins, of San Diego Zoological Society; and a series 
of the beautiful iguanid lizards of the species Dipsosaurus dorsalis, 
from Kenneth S. Norris, of Los Angeles. In the Division of Insects 
the largest gift of the year was a miscellaneous collection of insects 
and other arthropods from Assistant Curator Hoogstraal, mainly 
from New Guinea and the Philippines, collected during the war. 
Major Howard T. Wright collected and presented 3,252 specimens 
of insects from Japan, and Dr. C. L. Remington, of New Haven, 
Connecticut, presented his wartime collection of 1,149 specimens, 
mostly beetles, from New Caledonia. Of especial interest is the 

James E.Trott, Artist-Prepar' 
ator, works on enlarged model 
of an anopheles mosquito, one 
of several anatomical models 
that will show the life cycle of 
the malaria organism. Right: 
Total length of the completed 
model is approximately 2 feet. 


series of 31 named beetles, all remarkable as "ant guests," incliuling 
10 paratypes, received as a gift from Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, 
Director. In the Division of Lower Invertebrates a noteworthy 
gift of 296 specimens of Amazonian moUusks came from Dr. Harald 
Sioli, of Belem, Brazil, and of 13 lots of fresh-water shells, from 
Dr. Walter Biese, of Santiago, Chile, including a number of paratypes 
of species described by Dr. Biese. 

The most important accessions of the year consist of material 
from the Museum's own expeditions, some still from previous years, 
and from purchases. The largest single accession in 1948 from one 
source is the series of 18,247 specimens of insects from the Philippines 
Zoological Expedition of 1946 47. 

Exhibits— Zoology 

The program for a series of biological exhibits to supplement and 
explain the systematic exhibits of birds in Hall 21 was advanced by 
the installation of four alcove cases prepared by Assistant Taxi- 
dermist Kenneth Woehlck, with the co-operation of Miss Norma 
Lockwood, Staff Illustrator, and of members of the taxidermy staff. 


The subjects represented are "Birds as Solar Machines," "Variation 
Is the Rule in Nature," "Speciation in Galapagos Birds," and 
"Migration of Some North American Birds." The restorations of 
fossil birds in Hall 21 were repainted by Taxidermist L. L. Pray. 
A new model by Mr. Pray of the gigantic predaceous South American 
Phororhacos, which has become known as the "Argentine terror 
bird," makes it seem evident that we are fortunate that the bird 
became extinct in Miocene times. An exhibition screen, "Birds in 
a Chicago Garden," featuring the means of attracting birds in sub- 
urban areas, is approaching completion under the supervision of 
Associate Ellen T. Smith, of the Division of Birds. This screen 
forms one of the units in a much-needed exhibit of birds of the 
Chicago area in which the changes with spring and fall migration 
can be featured. 

The principal exhibition work in progress for the Division of 
Mammals was the mounting of four Alaska brown bears, which 
was well advanced at the close of the year. In the Division of 
Reptiles, exhibition work in progress consisted of models made for 
a Chicago area alcove and of a Central American basilisk lizard, 
whose bipedal running is of especial interest in connection with the 
development of bipedal locomotion in the extinct dinosaurs. No 
new exhibits were installed in the Division of Fishes. Work con- 
tinued on the improvement of models in the synoptic series of fishes 
by replacement of shriveled or warped fins of old models with fins 
of carved celluloid. The Division of Vertebrate Anatomy reports 
progress on the case reserved for the anatomy of whales in the 
Hall of Whales, with the preparation of new models by Joseph B. 
Krstolich, Artist, under the general supervision of Curator Davis. 
"Family Tree of Living Mammals," an exhibition screen that shows 
the interrelation of mammals, was prepared by Mr. Krstolich under 
the direction of Chief Curator Schmidt and installed in George M. 
Pullman Hall (Hall 13, Horned and Hoofed Mammals). 

The staff of the Division of Insects was engaged on plans for a 
Hall of Insects (the west half of Hall 18), and James E. Trott, 
Artist-Preparator, has completed several of the anatomical models 
that will show the life cycle of the malaria organism. The completed 
enlarged model of an adult anopheles mosquito intended for the 
malaria case is a triumph of the combination of artistic skill and 
patience necessary in insect model-making. It incorporates no less 
than 13,000 separate scales on the legs and 3,400 on the wings, with- 
out which details a mosquito model is curiously inadequate. The 
finished model is composed of about 20,160 parts. 


Reclassification and growth of the Library require additional shelving. The new 
installation in the stackroom (above) accommodates approximately 18,000 volumes. 


The fundamental objective of the Library is to function as an 
integral division of the Museum by furnishing the printed-word 
working tools and supplementary data needed in the ever-expanding 
specialization of research performed in the scientific departments. 
The accomplishment of this long-range purpose has been intensified 
this past year through the fortunate acquisition of a choice number 
of publications long needed, many unobtainable during the war 
years or even directly thereafter. 

Represented among the new resources of the Library are rare 
and important volumes made available through the disposal of 
private libraries, desiderata urgently needed for the projects planned 
in the newly created divisions of departments as well as for further 
research in established divisions, recently published works on current 
scientific developments in allied fields, and foreign periodicals— some 
new and others that round out incomplete sets. A selective list, 
illustrative of the items acquired, is given on the following pages. 



Artedi, Peter, Ichthyologia, 5 pts. (1738) 

Bellardi, Luigi, and Federico Sacco, /. Molluschi dei Tereni Terziarii del 
Piemonte e delta Ligiria, 7 v. (1873-1904) 

Blainville, H. M. D. de, Osteographie, ou description iconographique comparee 
du Squelette et du systeme dentaire des mammiferes recents et fossiles pour 
servir de base a la zootogie et a la geologie, 4 v. (1839-64) [very rare] 

Blume, C. L., Forae Javae nee non insularum adjacentium, 3 v. in 4 (1829) 

Boheman, K. H., Monographia Cassidarum, 4 v. (1850-62) 

Bronn, H. G., Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs, abt. 2, Gastropoda 
prosohranchia (1896-1907) 

, Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs, abt. 3 

, Malacozoa, 2 v. (1862-66) 

, Mollusca, abt. Amphineura und Scaphopoda (1892-95) 

, Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs — Pulmonata (1908-12) 

Buffon, G. L. L. de, Histoire Naturelle, generate et particuliere, avec la descrip- 
tion du cabinet du Roi, 1st ed., 44 v. (1750-1804) 

Burmeister, Hermann, Handbuch der Enfomologie, 5 v. and plates (1832-47) 

Curtis, John, British entomology, 16 v. (1823-40) [one of the most important 
works from the standpoint of genotype designations; only set in Chicago] 

Dejean, Comte, Species general des Coleopteres Cicindelidae and Carabidae, 
5 V. (1825-31) 

Ehrenberg, C. G., Symbolae Physicae (1828-33) 

Gmelin, G. Friedrich, An universal system of natural history, including man, 
the Orang-Outang, and the ivhole tribe of Simia (1744-1810) 

Gronovius, L. T., Zoophylacii Gronoviani fasciculus primus {et secundus) ex- 
hibens animalia quadrupeda amphibia atque pisces enumerationem in- 
sectorum (1763-64) [the Library of Congress has the only other copy 
of this in its rare book division] 

Handivorterbuch der N aturwissenschaften, 2nd ed., 10 v. (1931-35) 

Horn, Walther, and Isle Kahle, Uber entomologischen Sammlungen, v. 1-3 
(1935-37) [very rare] 

International Congress of Entomology. Proceedings and transactions, first 
to seventh meetings, 17 v. 

Jablonsky, C. G., and J. F. W. Herbst, Natursystem alter bekannten in-und- 
auslandischen Insecten der Kdfer, 10 v. (1789-1806) 

Jacquelin du Val, Camille, and L. M. H. Fairmair, Genera des Coleopteres 
d'Europe, 3 v. (1857-68) [rare and important work] 

Morley, Claude, Ichneumonologia Britannica, 5 v. (1903-14) 

Orbigny, Alcide d', Voyage dans V Amerique Meridionale — Mollusques, 2 v. 

, Voyage dans I'Amerique Meridionale, 11 v. (1837-47) 

SERIES (new) 

California Zoological Club. Proceedings, v. 1, no. 5 

Cavanillesia, v. 1-8 (complete series) 

Discovery Committee, Colonial Office, London. Discovery reports, v. 1-24 

Entomologisk Meddelelser, 24 v. (1887-1947) 

L'Institut Oceanographique de Monaco. Annates, v. 1 (continuation) 

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Archives, ser. 2, v. 1-10; ser. 3 
v. 1-10; ser. 4, v. 1-10; ser. 5, v. 1-6 

Revue Scientifique, 1938-41, 1945, 1948 (continuation) 


SERIES (purchased to fill gaps in our runs) 

Botamsches Zenfralblati, v. 33-56, 59, 60, 63, 70, 81-94, 101-103 

California Academy of Sciences. Proceedings, ser. 1 and 2 (1854-96), 13 v. 

Conchological magazine (1907-09) 

Genera Insedorum, fasc. 194-196, 199a, 200-207 

Geological Society of America. Memoires, nos. 9, 11, 21 

Geologiska Foreningens, Stockholm. Forhandlingar, v. 1-12, 15-52 

Indians at work, v. 1-3, 4 

Societe Botanique de France. Bulletin, tomes 1-8, 45, 48-53, 57-58 

The Library's holdings have been augmented further through the 
Museum's pohcy of exchange of scientific pubhcations with other 
institutions and by valuable gifts. Outstanding among gifts are 
the Darwin letters, the Stuart H. Perry photographs of meteoric 
irons, the twenty-five paintings of birds by Karl Plath, and the 
Charles V. Riley collection of books on entomology. 

The continued growth of the Library has been inevitable. It 
has come as a corollary of highly selective augmentation along 
intensive lines and has established Chicago Natural History Museum 
as one of the foremost sources of specialized information in its field. 
An indication of this distinction has been shown by the frequency 
of requests received for interlibrary loans from libraries ranking 
high in their special fields and from industrial and research organiza- 
tions throughout the country. The transfer from John Crerar 
Library to the Museum of the extremely important series, Palae- 
ontograpkica (Volumes 1 to 80, and the Supplements), evidences 
the prestige achieved by this Library as a center of information on 
natural histor3^ A point in illustration of the appreciation indicated 
by the public in the Library facilities may be made by mentioning 
the group attendance by teachers from the Board of Education for 
the purpose of compiling bibliographies in the field of natural history 
to be used in future courses of study. 

During the year, 3,585 items were added to the collection. Of 
this number, 1,166 were secured by gift, 157 by exchange, and the 
remainder by purchase. The number of accessioned items in the 
Museum Library now totals 132,610. 

The Kardex Visible File, installed in 1947, has grown to the 
extent that soon a third tier will be in use. Primarily, this file was 
installed to assemble in one place all the pertinent data dealing with 
the great volume of material received in the Library in serial form. 
The shelving ordered in December of 1946 was received and installed 
during the past year, providing accommodations for approximately 
18,000 volumes in the new stackroom. 


Upon the resignation on August 31, 1948, of the Librarian, 
Carl W. Hintz, and the retirement of the Associate Librarian, Mrs. 
Mary W. Baker, a reorganization of staff personnel was effected, 
together with a new division of duties and relocation of office arrange- 
ments. Mrs. Meta P. Howell, of the cataloguing division, was 
appointed to the post of Librarian. Mrs. Eunice M. Gemmill, of 
the reference department, was placed in charge of that department 
and its personnel, and the services of Mrs. Baker were retained to 
assist in the important work of reclassification. Mrs. Emily M. 
Wilcoxson has continued her valuable work as Librarian Emerita. 
She has completed two special projects — an index to another volume 
of the Museum Bulletin and a bibliography of the works of the 
late Dr. Berthold Laufer, eminent Sinologist who was on the staff 
of the Museum for many years. 

A severe loss to the Library was occasioned by the death of Frank 
L. Heyser, the bookbinder. The quality of his work and the service 
he gave to the Museum Library undoubtedly can never be replaced. 
His pride and interest in his work was reflected in the meticulous 
care given to the restoration of rare books, the binding of new 
material, and the high quality of workmanship in every task. 


Total production for the Division of Photography for the year was 
19,802 items. Output consisted of negatives, prints, enlargements, 
lantern slides, and transparencies made for the Museun, other 
institutions, the press, and general sales. There are now in the 
files nearly 105,000 negatives. 

At the time of his sudden death in October, Arthur G. Rueckert, 
Staff Artist, had just begun preliminary work on background paintings 
of dioramas for the new hall of paleontology, planning and research 
for which had occupied his time for a number of months. Earlier 
in the year he had completed for Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26, 
North American Trees) two large wall maps showing the major 
zones of soil groups. By his ability as an artist and museum tech- 
nician Mr. Rueckert contributed much to the development of 
natural-history exhibition work. The loss to the Museum by his 
death is great. 

Miss Norma Lockwood, Staff Illustrator, furnished drawings, 
lettering, and miscellaneous art work as required throughout the 
year by the departments and divisions of the Museum. She also 
prepared four exhibition screens for the Division of Birds. 


Maps of the hemispheres showing the distribution of the zonal great soil groups, 
on exhibit in Hall 26, are the work of the late Arthur G. Rueckert, StafT Artist. 


During the year approximately eighty-five per cent of the footage 
was taken for the Museum's educational motion picture, temporarily 
titled "Museum Activities." This film, in color, with a sound 
track to be "dubbed" in, will take the public on a behind-the-scenes 
tour of the Museum's studios, laboratories, and exhibits. It is 
planned to complete production early in 1949 and to have this film 
ready by the latter part of the year for screening to all audiences 
interested in the Museum's over-all program of education. In 
addition, ten complete motion pictures were re-edited and titled 
for use by the Museum in programs for schools and the general 
public. This footage was edited from material purchased or pre- 


sented to the Museum and from films taken on Museum expeditions 
by staff members. There are at present four films, also from desir- 
able material in the Film Library, in the re-editing stages for the 
coming year. Color transparencies and motion-picture records of 
natural-history subjects were taken for the scientific departments, 
work that has become an important function of the Division both 
for research and general information. 

The year's outstanding accession was approximately 12,500 feet 
of 35mm film presented to the Museum by Rudyerd Boulton, of 
Washington, D.C., former Curator of Birds, now Research Associate. 
This footage represents a motion-picture record of numerous expedi- 
tions of which Mr. Boulton was a member and contains sequences 
on bird, mammal, and reptile life as well as travelogue material in 
both Panama and Africa. It is planned, after selecting the out- 
standing scenes, to reduce this footage to 16mm so that this film 
can be used in several Museum productions. 


Distribution of wartime accumulations and postwar issues of the 
Museum's publications was made to twenty more of the institutions 
and individuals on our regular foreign exchange list with which 
prewar routine exchange had not been restored before 1948. Con- 
tact with many of the scientific institutions and individual scientists 
in Germany also was made, although forwarding of the large 
quantities of publications that have accumulated for them during 
the past nine years awaits more favorable shipping conditions to 
Berlin and other areas. A total of 11,958 copies was sent to in- 
dividuals and institutions on both the domestic and foreign exchange 
lists, to which twenty-eight new names were added. Sales during 
1948 totaled 3,207 copies in the Scientific Series, 8,235 copies in the 
Popular Series, and 29,816 copies of miscellaneous publications, 
such as guides, handbooks, and memoirs (see page 85). For future 
sales and other distribution an additional 26,700 copies of publica- 
tions were wrapped, labeled, and stored. 

The Museum Press issued during the year seven titles in the 
Scientific Series of publications, one in the Popular Series, one in 
the Memoirs Series, one in the Administrative Series, and one 
reprint. The total number of pages printed in all books, including 
an index for one completed volume in the Scientific Series, was 
1,297, and the total number of copies was 26,641. Twelve numbers 
of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 


6,000 copies an issue. Other work of the Division of Printing in- 
cluded posters, price Hsts, Museum Stories for Children (Raymond 
Foundation), lecture schedules, Museum labels, post cards, Museum 
stationery, and specimen tags, totaling 88,990 impressions. 

A list of titles in the publications series issued in 1948 by Chicago 
Natural History Museum Press follows: 


Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 37, 117 pp., 37 text 

Martin, Richard A. 

Mummies, Reprint, 18 pp., 10 text figures, 11 plates 

QuiMBY, George I. 

Prehistoric Art of the Aleutian Islands, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 36, 
no. 4, 16 pp., 7 text figures 


Zangerl, Rainer 

The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama, Fieldiana: Geology 
Memoirs, vol. 3, nos. 1 and 2, 56 pp., 4 plates, 16 text figures 


Haas, Fritz 

Three New Land Shells from Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 23, 5 pp. 
3 text figures 

Hellmayr, Charles E., and Boardman Conover 

Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, Zoological Series, vol. 13, part 1, no. 2 
vii+434 pp. 

Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, Zoological Series, vol. 13, part 1, no. 3 
vi+383 pp. 

Rand, A. L. 

Five New Birds from the Philippines, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 25, 5 pp 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

Neiv Birds from Peru and Ecuador, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 24, 6 pp 

Zimmermann, Arnold A., and Clifford H. Pope 

Development and Growth of the Rattle of Rattlesnakes, Fieldiana: Zoology 
vol. 32, no. 6, 61 pp., 25 text figures 


Annual Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 191^7, 141 pp., 
32 illustrations 



The Museum continued throughout the year its co-operative educa- 
tional arrangements with the University of Chicago, Northwestern 
University, Antioch College, and the School of the Art Institute of 
Chicago. Frequent use of Museum exhibits was made by students 
from Roosevelt College, for whom the Museum kept a special record 
of attendance. The laboratories and research collections of the 
Museum were open to visiting scientists, as in past years, and through 
interlibrary loan the resources of the Library of the Museum were 
available to other institutions. 

Every year more and more art students use the Museum exhibits 
as they seek ideas in their classes in sketching, modeling, and design. 
They make use of the exhibits in anthropology to study primitive 
designs in masks, headdresses, African wood carving, and textiles. 
The animal groups in zoology offer them models for life drawings 
that are next best to live animals and superior to them in that the 
students can really get form and line. Botany and geology exhibits 
are studied and used for natural designs. 

The School of the Art Institute sends its adult and junior classes 
to study in the Museum. These students, in fact, number the 
largest from any school in groups and attendance at the Museum. 
Some of them come on weekdays but many more come on Saturdays, 
when they can be found all through the Museum studying and sketch- 
ing. The results of their work are exhibited in the Museum for 
one month in early summer. This selective exhibit shows some 
delightful and remarkable work, both of young and adult students. 
Other art schools using the Museum for study are Chicago Academy 
of Fine Arts, Academy of Applied Art, Institute of Design, and 
Chicago Technical College. Some of the students from these schools 
made an objective survey of the design and art of primitive peoples 
in order to develop their own appreciation of functional art. Other 
students studied looms, weaving, and textile materials of primitive 
peoples. Several groups made trips through the halls of trees and 
woods to study patterns in the grain of the many different species 
from all parts of the world. 

Still another use of Museum exhibits and programs has been 
made in teacher-training classes by several colleges and universities. 
These student-teachers are brought to the Museum to see how its 
exhibits can be used in teaching, to learn how to organize successful 
field or museum trips, and to find out just how much the Museum 
can help them in their future teaching. Roosevelt College, Chicago 


The Art Institute of Chicago sends adult and junior classes to sketch in the Museum. 

Teachers College, and Pestalozzi Froebel Teachers College make 
most frequent use of the Museum in this type of education work. 

Under the co-operative educational plan adopted in 1946 by 
this Museum and Antioch College, of Yellow Springs, Ohio, successive 
groups of undergraduate students, alternating periods of study on 
the college campus with periods of work with pay, are temporarily 
employed by the Museum in its scientific departments, its Library, 
and its administrative offices. This plan brought thirteen young 
men and women to the Museum in 1948, two of whom accompanied 
Museum expeditions in the summer months. 

A year's course in museology covering complete training in 
curatorial duties in a museum was given at the Museum by the staff 
of the Department of Anthropology in co-operation with the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology of the University of Chicago. In the spring 
Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, and Fred Eggan, 
of the Department of Anthropology of the University of Chicago, 
conducted a seminar at the Museum for advanced students in 
anthropology on problems in Southwestern archaeology and eth- 
nology. During the year the curators gave occasional lectures at 
the University of Chicago in their special fields. Donald Collier, 


Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, delivered 
six lectures on anthropology at the University of Chicago, supervised 
a research course in South American ethnology and archaeology for 
students from the University of Chicago, and gave a lecture on the 
Tairona culture of Colombia at Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of 
Oceanic Ethnology, was on leave from the Museum in July and 
August to teach anthropology in the recently formed department 
of social relations at Harvard University. At that time he partici- 
pated in a series of open seminars for foreign students attending 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. During the remainder of 
the year Curator Spoehr taught a course in anthropology at the 
University of Chicago and also gave a number of lectures to advanced 
graduate students. 

Classes in botany from the University of Chicago and Wheaton 
College visited the Department of Botany on several occasions and 
were conducted through the laboratories and herbaria. Dr. Theodor 
Just, Chief Curator of Botany, Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, Curator of 
Colombian Botany, Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic 
Botany, and Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the 
Herbarium, were speakers in a series of five lectures on botanical 
subjects given early in the spring at Northwestern University. In 
March Chief Curator Just and Curator Cutler conducted seminars 
at the University of Chicago and Missouri Botanical Garden, 
St. Louis, respectively. Curator Cutler gave talks on native Ameri- 
can food plants before the Academy of Science of St. Louis and the 
faculty in botany and graduate students of Washington University 
and addressed several groups of plant breeders during a trip through 
Iowa, Minnesota, and South Dakota to study developments in plant 
science in the Middle West. Associate Curator Steyermark con- 
ducted a botanical field trip, through areas of southern Missouri, 
for graduate students of the Henry Shaw School of Botany, Wash- 
ington University, and Missouri Botanical Garden. 

Advanced courses in vertebrate paleontology offered by the 
University of Chicago were again held at the Museum under the 
direction of Dr. Everett C. Olson, Associate Professor of Vertebrate 
Paleontology, University of Chicago, and Research Associate in 
Fossil Vertebrates at the Museum. Bryan Patterson, Curator of 
Fossil Mammals, Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
and Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, participated 
in the instruction and acted as counselors. In addition to formal 
classes Curator Zangerl discussed the problem of aquatic specializa- 


Dr. Everett C. Olson, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates, is lecturing at 
the Museum to the class in vertebrate paleontology of the University of Chicago. 

tion in higher vertebrates, and Curator Denison gave a lecture on 
early fishes. Curator Patterson took part in a seminar on physical 
anthropology at the University of Chicago and in continental drift 
at Northwestern University. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator 
of Fossil Invertebrates, talked at Hubbard Woods School, Winnetka, 
Illinois, on the tidal theory of origin of the solar system. The class 
in historical geology at the University of Illinois (Navy Pier Branch) 
met twice at the Museum and examined the study collections of 
invertebrate fossils. 

Undergraduate classes from the University of Chicago made use 
of the zoological laboratories and exhibition halls as in other years. 
Classes in mammalogy and wild-life management from the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin visited the Museum in December and were 
conducted through the preparation laboratories and collection ranges. 
During January and February Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower 
Invertebrates, held a series of demonstrations for the advanced 
course in invertebrate zoology of the University of Chicago. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, and D. Dwight Davis, Curator 


of Vertebrate Anatomy, continued their association with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago as Lecturer in Zoology and Lecturer in Paleo- 
zoology, respectively. Chief Curator Schmidt presented "The Biotic 
Environment of the Individual" to the ecology group, and Curator 
Davis gave a series of three lectures before the seminar in physical 
anthropology. Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and 
Reptiles, aided in the work of the summer school of the University of 
Virginia at Mountain Lake, Virginia, in exchange for much counter- 
aid from students and staff in his studies of salamanders. 

Scientists from other institutions have continued to make use 
of the research materials and laboratories of the Museum. Dr. 
Robert F. Gray, of the University of Chicago, did research on food 
habits of the peoples of Africa, Dr. Mafalda Riedel, of the University 
of Basel, Switzerland, made a complete examination of the Museum's 
textiles from the New Hebrides, and Bredo Rost, teacher of handi- 
crafts under the Chicago Board of Education, studied African 
leatherwork. Dr. Richard C. Thometz, of Loyola University, J. K. 
Woo, of the School of Medicine, Washington University, Dr. E. L. 
Du Brul, of the College of Dentistry, University of Illinois, and Dr. 
Margot Ulloa, of the University of Toronto, did research in physical 
anthropology related to problems of modern dentistry. Dr. Misael 
Acosta Soils, Director of the Ecuadorian Institute of Natural 
Sciences, Quito, Ecuador, spent six weeks at the Museum studying 
tropical timbers in preparation for his book on woods of Ecuador. 
Dr. Samuel Welles, of the University of California, visited the 
Museum to study the type specimens of Araescelis and the Plesiosaur 
materials in the collections of the Department of Geology. Among 
those making use of the laboratories and collections in vertebrate 
anatomy were Dr. C. 0. Bechtol, of Oakland, California, Frederick 
Barth, of the University of Chicago, Philip S. Humphrey, of Amherst 
College, and Dr. Du Brul. The Museum's Deep-Sea Expedition of 
1948 should be especially mentioned in connection with co-operation 
with other institutions. Through the Bermuda Biological Station 
for Research, Inc., the expedition material was made available to 
Dr. Martha Baylor, of Rockefeller Institute, Dr. Ralph Dennell, of 
the University of Manchester, and Dr. Lyell J. Thomas, of the 
University of Illinois. 

Donald Lehmer, University of Chicago Museum Fellow, spent 
the autumn months at the Museum studying the Cochise materials 
in the Department of Anthropology. Miss Ruth Marzano, Uni- 
versity of Chicago Museum Fellow, continued her researches on 
the skeletons of the American Indian. Miss Margaret Murley, 


graduate student of Northwestern University, worked on seeds of 
the Cruciferae of northeastern United States, and Hao-Jan Chu, 
Northwestern University student, studied bhie-gi'een algae. Robert 
Sokol, University of Chicago Museum Fellow, and William J. 
Beecher, graduate student at the University of Chicago, carried on 
studies in the Department of Zoology. 

Other special staff activities included lectures before general 
groups and radio talks. Curator Cutler showed some of the work 
done on expedition in a television broadcast called "A Scientist 
Reports on South America," over station KSD-TV, of St. Louis. 
Curator Cutler and Curator Collier took part in a "Flying Reporter" 
program on radio station WAIT, telling of expeditionary activities 
in South America. Curator Spoehr gave a radio interview on a 
special museum program over station WMBI. In another field of 
activity, Museum zoologists were consulted in connection with the 
proposal for the extermination of red foxes in the Cook County 
Forest Preserve districts. Dr. R. M. Strong, Research Associate in 
Anatomy, Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, and Chief 
Curator Schmidt attended hearings on the proposal before the com- 
mittee of the Cook County Board of Commissioners. 

Kent Jones, Preparator, is sawing a rock in the laboratories of the Department 
of Geology, preparatory to making a tliin section for microscopic examination. 



Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Donald Collier, 
Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, and Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, attended a large and 
important conference on archaeology of the Southwest held in 
August at Point of Pines, Arizona, the camp of the Archaeological 
School of the University of Arizona. Dr. Martin was chairman of 
the meetings on Mogollon problems and served as member of the 
program committee. In May Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of 
Oceanic Ethnology, George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, Curator 
Collier, and Dr. Rinaldo attended the annual meetings of the 
Society for American Archaeology and Central States Branch of the 
American Anthropological Association held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Curator Quimby was elected secretary of the Society for American 
Archaeology and first vice-president of the Central States Branch 
of the American Anthropological Association. In November Curator 
Quimby took part in a symposium on methods of pottery typology 
at the Sixth Plains Archaeological Conference in Lincoln, Nebraska. 
During the year Curator Collier was appointed representative of 
the American Anthropological Association to the National Research 
Council. He was appointed also to the Committee on Carbon-14 
Dating of the American Anthropological Association. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas, 
Curator of Colombian Botany, and Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research 
Associate in Systematic Botany, attended the meetings of the 
Botanical Society of America held in Washington, D.C., in Sep- 
tember. Dr. Just was appointed chairman of the Paleobotanical 
Section of the Botanical Society of America and continued to serve 
as chairman of its Committee on Paleobotanical Nomenclature. Dr. 
Sherff was elected president of the American Society of Plant 
Taxonomists and, during the year, was made an honorary life member 
of Friends of Native Landscape. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate 
Curator of the Herbarium, was appointed Honorary Research As- 
sociate of Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. Dr. L. H. Tiffany, 
Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany, was elected vice- 
president of the American Phycological Society. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, at- 
tended the annual meeting of the Illinois Junior Academy of Science 
at Benton, Illinois, in May and gave an address on major features 
of the earth's crust. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, 



birdSasSOlar machines 





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"Birds as Solar Machines," a new installation in Hall 21, presents pictorially the 
fundamental biological energy relations of all forms of life as applied to birds. 

and Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, attended the 
Field Conference of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology held 
in northeastern Wyoming in August. In November Curator Patter- 
son, Curator Zangerl, and Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil 
Fishes, attended the meetings of the Society of Vertebrate Paleon- 
tology and the Society for the Study of Evolution held in New York 
City, and Robert Kriss Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, at- 
tended concurrent meetings of the Geological Society of America. 
Curator Patterson and Curator Zangerl presented papers and 
Curator Denison gave an informal report on his researches on 
Osteostraci, one of the earliest known groups of vertebrates. Dr. 
Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, was elected a member 
of the Executive Board of the American Polar Society. 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, and John W. Winn, 
Assistant Curator of Fishes (since resigned), attended the annual 
meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists 
held in New Orleans in March. Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of 
Birds, took part in the Council meeting and was chairman of the 
Brewster Award Committee at the meetings of the American 
Ornithologists' Union in Omaha, Nebraska, in October. Emmet R. 
Blake, Associate Curator of Birds, was appointed regional repre- 


sentative of the American Ornithologists' Union and served as vice- 
president of the Chicago Ornithological Society until June. In 
November Chief Curator Schmidt and D. Dwight Davis, Curator 
of Vertebrate Anatomy, attended the meetings in New York City 
of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Chief Curator Schmidt 
attended the Council meeting and the business meeting of the 
Society and presented the treasurer's annual report. He was re- 
elected treasurer. Both Chief Curator Schmidt and Curator Davis 
took part in the program. 

Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, was elected 
vice-president of the American Malacalogists' Union at its meeting 
in Pittsburgh and, during the year, was made an honorary member 
of the Sociedad Malacologica "Carlos de la Torre" of Havana, 
Cuba. Chief Curator Schmidt and Curator Haas were honored by 
election to membership in the Corporation of the Bermuda Biological 
Station for Research, Inc. Chief Curator Schmidt was elected to 
the Board of Governors (Honorary) and to the Board of Trustees 
of the Chicago Zoological Society. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant 
Curator of Insects, was elected president of the Chicago Entomo- 
logical Society. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, received 
notice of his election to corresponding membership in the Zoological 
Society of London. 

This Museum was represented at the annual meeting of the Mid- 
west Museums Conference in Minneapolis in October by its Director, 
who, as principal speaker, addressed the Conference on "The Mu- 
seum and Its Relation to the Community." In February the 
Director delivered the annual address at the Academy of Science 
of St. Louis. John R. Millar, Deputy Director, attended the educa- 
tion symposium and other sections of the meetings of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science held in Washington, 
D.C., in September. Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of Raymond 
Foundation, spoke on "Conservation Education at Chicago Natural 
History Museum" at a meeting in February of the Conservation 
Council of Chicago. John W. Moyer, Chief of the Division of 
Motion Pictures, attended the Calvin Motion Picture Workshop in 
Kansas City in November, when problems of motion-picture pro- 
duction were presented to people from other educational institutions 
and from commercial companies producing visual aids in several 
different meVlia. The Librarian represented the Library of the 
Museum during the year at the monthly meetings of the American 
Library Association, Special Libraries Association, Chicago Library 
Club, and Illinois Regional Group of Cataloguers. 


Publications of staff members during 1948 other than those 
issued by the Museum Press included the following titles: 


Collier, Donald 

"Peruvian Stylistic Influences in Ecuador," American Antiquity, vol. 13, 
no. 4, pt. 2, pp. 80-86 

Martin, Paul S., George I. Quimby, and Donald Collier 

Indians before Columbus, Twenty Thousand Years of North American History 
Revealed by Archeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago [1947, second 
impression 1948), xxiii4-582 pages, 122 illustrations 

Quimby, George I. 

"Archaeology, Western Hemisphere," in 19If8 Britannica Book of the Year, A 
Record of . . . Events of 191^7 (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago [1948]), 
pp. 59 62 

"Culture Contact on the Northwest Coast, 1785-1795," American Anthro- 
pologist, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 247-255 

Review of Man in Northeastern North America, Frederick Johnson, Editor, 
in American Anthropologist, vol. 50, no. 3, pt. 1, pp. 525-527 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Review of Abraham L. Gitlow's Economics of the Mt. Hagen Tribes, in Scien- 
tific Monthly, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 381-382 

Review of John Gillin's The Ways of Men, in American Journal of Sociology, 
vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 175-176 


Cuatrecasas, Jose 

"Studies in South American Plants, I," Lloydia, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 185-225 

Cutler, Hugh C. 

"A Comparative Study of Tripsacum australe and Its Relatives," Lloydia, 
vol. 10, no. 4 [issued 1948], pp. 229-234 

"Studies on the Structure of the Maize Plant," Annals of the Missouri Botani- 
cal Garden, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 301-316 [with Marian Cutler) 

Drouet, Francis 

"Nomenclatural Transfers among Coccoid Algae," Lloydia, vol. 11, no. 1, 
pp. 77-79 [with William A. Daily] 

Just, Theodor 

"Gymnosperms and the Origin of Angiosperms," Botanical Gazette, vol. 110, 
no. 1, pp. 91-103 

"Introduction" to "Symposium on Evolution and Classification of Gymno- 
sperms," Botanical Gazette, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 1-2 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Bluets as Summer Flowers," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 36, 

no. 5, p. 93 

"Hens and Roosters of the Plant World," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 

vol. 36, no. 8, p. 140 

"Lentibulariaceae," Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 75, no. 6, 

pp. 657-662 

"Orthrosanthus chimboracensis and Its Varieties," Lloydia, vol. 11, no. 1, 

pp. 14-20 



Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"Paleogeography and Nomenclature," Journal of Paleontology, vol. 22, no. 3, 
pp. 369-370 

TuRNBULL, William D. 

"The Cocoa-Sand Type Locality," Journal of Paleontology, vol. 22, no. 3, 
p. 372 

Zangerl, Rainer 

"The Methods of Comparative Anatomy and Its Contribution to the Study 
of Evolution," Evolution, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 351-374 

"The Use of X-Rays in the Study of Fossils," Non-Destructive Testing, vol. 7, 
no. 1, pp. 29-31 


Blake, Emmet R. 

"Middle Western Season Report," Audubon Field Notes, vol. 2, pp. 14-15 
"Middle Western Season Report," Audubon Field Notes, vol. 2, pp. 142-143 
"Middle Western Season Report," Audubon Field Notes, vol. 2, pp. 180-181 
"Three New Records for British Guinea," Auk, vol. 65, pp. 316-317 

Davis, D. Dwight 

"Flash Display of Aposematic Colors in Farancia and Other Snakes," Copeia, 
1948, pp. 208-211, 2 figures 

Haas, Fritz 

"On Margaritifera durrovensis Phillips and Its Affinities," Journal of Con- 
chology, vol. 23, pp. 6-8 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 2: Spiny Rats 

(Echimyidae), with Supplemental Notes on Related Forms," Proceedings of 

the United States National Museum, vol. 97, pp. 125-140 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 3: Water Rats 

(Genus Nectomys), with Supplemental Notes on Related Forms," Proceedings 

of the United States National Museum, vol. 98, pp. 49-56 

"Names of Mammals Dated from Frisch, 1775, and Zimmermann, 1777," 

Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 29, pp. 272-277 

"The Technical Name of the Virginia Deer, with a List of the South American 

Forms," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 61, pp. 41-48 

Inger, Robert F. 

"The Systematic Status of the Crocodile Osteoblepharon osborni," Copeia, 
1948, pp. 15-19, 2 figures 

Pope, Clifford H. 

"Geographic Variation and Speciation in Appalachian Salamanders {Plethodon 

jordani Group)," Evolution, vol. 2, pp. 266-278, 11 figures [with Nelson G. 


Island Life, A Study of the Land Vertebrates of the Islands of Eastern Lake 

Michigan, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bulletin No. 27 [Bloomfield Hills, 

Michigan, 1948], xi+179 pages, frontispiece, map, 43 figures [with Robert T. 

Hatt and others] 

"Two New Subspecies of the Salamander Plethodon shermani," Copeia, 1948, 

pp. 106-107 [with Nelson G. Hairston] 


Rand, Austin L. 

"Geographical Variation in the Loon, Gavia immer (Brunnich)," Canadian Field- 
NatnraUst, vol. 61, p. 193-195 

"Mr. W. H. Bryenton's Note.s on Manitoba Mammals of the Herb Lake- 
Flin Flon Area," Canadian Field-Nafuralist, vol. 62, pp. 140 150 

"Note on the Red Cros.sbills in the Ottawa District," Canadian Field- 
Natiirali^t, vol. 62, pp. 162-163 

"Probability in Subspecific Identification of Single Specimen.s," Aitk, vol. 
65, pp. 416-432 

"Stomach Stone in a Muskrat," Canadian Field-Naturalist, vol. 62 n 41 
[with P. A. Orkin] 

"Summer Flocking of the Loon, Gavia immer (Brun.)," Canadian Field- 
Naturalist, vol. 62, pp. 42-43, 1 photograph 

"Variation in the Spruce Grouse in Canada," Auk, vol. 65, pp. 33 -40 

Sanborn, Colin C. 

"Wilfred Hudson Osgood: 1875-1947," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 29, pp. 
95-112, 3 plates 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Distribution of Animals," in Encijclopcdia Britannica [1948], vol. 7, pp. 
432-443, 9 figures, 4 colored plates [with Richard Hesse and W. C. Allee] 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Acanthurus triostegus marquensis, A New Subspecies of Surgeonfish, Family 
Acanthuridae, with Notes on Related Forms," Journal of the Washington 
Academy of Sciences, vol. 38, pp. 248-251, 1 figure, 1 table [with Leonard P. 

"A New Name for Synchiropus altivelis Regan, with a Key to the Genera 
of the Fish Family Callionymidae," Journal of the Washington Academy of 
Sciences, vol. 38, pp. 419-420 [with Leonard P. Schultz] 


Mover, John W. 

"Taxidermy," in Encyclopedia Britannica [1948], vol. 21, pp. 850D-850E, 
3 plates 

"Taxidermy," in Britannica Junior [1948], vol. 14, pp. 24-26, 3 plates 

Several staff members of the Museum serve in editorial capacities 
on scientific journals. Curator Spoehr was appointed book-review 
editor of the American Anthropologist, and Curator Collier continued 
as contributing editor of El Palacio. Chief Curator Just is editor 
of Lloydia and member of the editorial board of Ecology and Chronica 
Botanica, and Dr. Sherff is on the editorial board of Brittonia. Chief 
Curator Schmidt is herpetological editor of Copeia, consulting editor 
for lower invertebrates for American Midland Naturalist, and section 
editor for amphibians and reptiles for Biological Abstracts. Associate 
Curator Blake was appointed editor of the "Middle Western Season 
Report" of Audubon Field Notes. Curator Zangerl continued as re- 
gional editor of the bulletin of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. 



The public was kept aware constantly throughout the year of the 
activities of the Museum through continuance of the long-established 
policy of maintaining a continuous flow of news stories, feature 
articles, and pictures covering events that transpired at the institu- 
tion. In all, the Public Relations Counsel issued 302 news releases, 
many of them accompanied with photographs, to the metropolitan 
press of Chicago, to the press of hundreds of other cities all over 
the country, and through international news agencies to the rest of 
the world. All news releases were sent also to the community and 
foreign-language newspapers of Chicago, the dailies and weeklies of 
the suburbs, and newspapers of upstate and downstate Illinois. 

The Museum is indebted to the Chicago newspapers and the 
national press organizations for their interest and co-operation and 
for generous space in the news columns. Beyond the routine publica- 
tion of news from the Museum, there were numerous spreads of 
pictures not only in the black-and-white of the dailies but also in 
rotogravure supplements. Acknowledgment of co-operation is made 
particularly to the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Daily Sun-Times, 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator 
of Economic Botany, is shown 
collecting flowers of the guano 
palm of Cuba during Cuban 
Botanical Field Trip, 1948. 
The continuing palm project 
is being carried on by Curator 
Cutler and Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, 
Curator Emeritus of Botany. 


Chicago Tribune, Chicago Herald -American, Associated Press, United 
Press, International News Service, Acme News Pictures, and Science 
Service. An especially valuable aid to the Museum was the courtesy 
of the City News Bureau of Chicago in making available its pneu- 
matic tubes for the transmission of urgent "spot" news. 

At the invitation of radio station WCFL, (he Museum began 
in March a series of stories on the "Children's Corner" program. 
These continued each Saturday and Sunday through the rest of 
the year, and no cessation was contemplated with the approach of 
1949. Material for the programs was supplied by the staff of the 
Raymond Foundation. Another special series of programs, in which 
the Director of the Museum and members of the four scientific 
departments were presented to tell the story of Museum research, 
was given on radio station WMBI. The Museum continued to 
receive other radio time, both in news and special-feature programs, 
on Chicago radio stations and national networks. Among them are 
Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broadcasting System, National 
Broadcasting Company, and Mutual Broadcasting System. In the 
motion picture field, as a follow-up of a similar feature published in 
rotogravure by the Chicago Daily News, a newsreel feature was made 
in March by Fox-Movietone of models from the Patricia Stevens 
Studios wearing fur coats of primitive peoples. 

Beginning with the February issue, a "new dress" was adopted 
for the Museum Bnlletin. The new format, full-page cover pictures, 
aroused more favorable comment than almost any other innovation 
during the nineteen years in which the Museum has published this 
periodical for its membership. The Bulletin continued to function 
not only as an organ for the information of Members but also as 
an additional publicity medium, for it is circulated to the full list 
of newspapers, news agencies, and magazines, many of which re- 
printed its articles. 

Miscellaneous publicity activities consisted of the distribution of 
thousands of Museum folders through available agencies, such as 
travel bureaus, department stores, libraries, and seven Chicago 
museums covering other fields of science and art. Display facilities 
were again made available, without charge, for posters announcing 
the Museum's lecture course for adults and the Raymond Founda- 
tion motion-picture programs for children. Organizations that ex- 
tended this co-operation included the Chicago Transit Authority, 
Illinois Central System, the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin Railroad, 
and the Chicago and North Western Railway. 



Sales in the Museum's Book Shop amounted to $24,614.28, which 
included both over-the-counter transactions and orders received in 
the mail. There has been no persistent attempt to increase the 
volume of sales at the Book Shop because it is regarded primarily 
as a service unit, catering to the needs of the public in fields of 
study encompassed by the Museum. Careful selection of publica- 
tions in order to present only authoritative texts necessarily limits 
the offerings of the Book Shop, but there is no intention of abandon- 
ing this policy in favor of greater volume. An increasing demand 
for souvenir items has been responsible in recent years for an ap- 
preciable number of sales. 


Again the Museum's cafeteria reached a new record in the number 
of customers served, the total increase for both cafeteria and lunch- 
room being 3,458 and the grand total for the year being 249,102. 
The cafeteria is regarded primarily as a service unit because the 
Museum is located at a considerable distance from any other lunch- 
room open to the public. Facilities are also available for groups of 
school children and others who bring their lunches and who may or 
may not wish to supplement them by additional purchases. 


Constant vigilance and persistent repair work are needed to maintain 
the Museum building in good condition and its equipment in working 
order. During the year two light courts in the east wing of the 
building were thoroughly tuckpointed and broken terra-cotta sills 
and lintels were replaced. This work will continue until all six 
light courts have been reconditioned. Window sills on the ground 
floor were replaced with reinforced concrete wherever they showed 
damage, and window frames were protected against termites with 
a wood preservative. To eliminate condensation of moisture on 
the glass and to serve as storm protection, double window panes 
were installed in the offices of the chief curators. 

Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37, Fossil Invertebrates and 
Fossil Plants) was completely remodeled into six sections with a 
total of fifty-three built-in cases to house the exhibition collections of 
invertebrate fossils and fossil plants (see page 51). Steel shelving 
that had been on order for several years was delivered and set up 


in the new stackroom of the Library. A storage room for the Depart- 
ment of Botany was constructed in a portion of the corridor on the 
third floor, and asphalt tile floors were laid in the north corridor of 
the ground floor and in the children's lunchroom. A new walk-in 
refrigerator was built for the cafeteria and a larger dish-washing 
machine was purchased and connected. A multiplicity of expedition 
boxes, cases, trunks, and crates, storage trays and shelves, bookcases, 
and exhibition cases were constructed for the scientific departments. 

A new type of lighting was designed and installed in Martin A. 
and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life) to illuminate the 
exhibition cases and murals more effectively (see page 45). Installa- 
tion of fluorescent lighting was continued throughout the building 
and a total of sixty-seven fluorescent light fixtures was hung. A 
new press in the Division of Printing necessitated moving the mono- 
type machines to a new location, which move was accomplished 
with an interruption of but two hours in operation of the machines. 
The old printing press was moved and reconnected, and power 
lines were supplied for the new press. A new machine for degreasing 
bones and other materials was installed in the ground-floor macerat- 
ing room, and necessary drains, water, gas, and ventilating ducts 
were provided. A degreaser is essential in a museum because skulls 
and skeletons intended for permanent storage must be completely 
free from fats, which decompose and ultimately destroy the bones. 

Because of the opening of the Island Airport southeast of the 
Museum, warning lights were installed on the roof of the Museum 
building. A new air compressor was installed in the ground-floor 
pump room and pipe lines were painted. All needed repairs were 
made during the year in the heating plant, and the four boilers 
were cleaned. Under contracts in force, a total of 16,358,789 pounds 
of steam was sold to the John G. Shedd Aquarium and 16,979,460 
pounds to the Chicago Park District, a total of 33,338,249 pounds 
delivered during the year. 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements (1947, 1948), attendance statistics and door receipts 
(1947, 1948), list of accessions, list of Members, articles of incorpora- 
tion, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Musc^im 



FOR YEARS 1947 AND 1948 

Income 1948 1947 

Endowment funds $655,156.94 $641,264.02 

Funds held under annuity 

agreement 16,250.00 17,839.28 

Life Membership fund 8,957.65 9,071.61 

Associate Membership fund . 11,739.92 11,729.14 

Chicago Park District 118,038.05 132,071.98 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 

ber-ships 18,525.00 17,850.00 

Admissions 32,211.25 34,420.00 

Sundry receipts 26,461.23 31,659.80 

Contributions, general pur- 
poses 641.00 634.00 

Contributions, special pur- 
poses (expended per 
contra) 117,590.21 82,968.46 

Special funds — part expended 
for purpose designated 
(included per contra) . . . 13,935.24 22,752.47 

$1,019,506.49 $1,002,260.76 


Collections $ 28,478.96 $ 25,130.65 

Operating expenses capital- 
ized and added to collec- 
tions 55,036.99 44,878.63 

Expeditions 49,178.50 25,998.04 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 110,036.31 152,803.20 

Wages capitalized and added 

to fixtures 2,981.16 6,143.85 

Pensions and group insurance 68,860.25 59,583.62 

Departmental expenses 79,212.61 83,087.30 

General operating expenses. 521,897.48 516,766.70 

Building repairs and altera- 
tions 76,672.37 73,311.23 

Annuity on contingent gift. 16,250.00 25,000.00 

$1,008,604.63 $1,012,703.22 

Deficit $ 10,442.46 

Balance. . $ 10,901.86 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1948 1947 

Income from endowments. .$ 17,493.74 $ 18,142.03 

Expenditures 19,649.22 21,306.08 

Deficit $ 2,155.48 $ 3,164.05 



FOR YEARS 1947 AND 1948 


Total attendance 1,134,643 

Paid attendance 128,845 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 26,721 

School children 71,285 

Teachers 2,672 

Members 402 

Service men and women 1,581 

Special meetings 871 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 143,502 

Saturdays (51) 274,785 

Sundays (52) 483,979 

Highest attendance on any day 

(July 4) 14,609 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(March 3) 165 

Highest paid attendance (July 5) 3,616 















(November 29) 16,789 

(January 7) 124 

(September 1) 4,930 

Average daily admissions (364 days) . 
Average paid admissions (209 days) . 


(363 days) 3,260 

(208 days) 662 

Number of guides sold 23,810 

Number of articles checked 40,836 

Number of picture post cards sold 241,776 

Sales of publications, both scientific and 

popular, and photographs $11,898.41 








Bruehl, W. a. R., Jr., Cincinnati: 2 
Eskimo baskets — Port Clarence, Alaska 

Cheo, Dr. Neil H. F., Chengtu, 
China: 4 Chinese musical instruments — 
Chengtu, Szechwan Province, China 

Chicago Historical Society, Chi- 
cago: 5 ethnohistorical specimens for 
exhibit explaining stratigraphy, Hall B 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1948): 252 specimens, including stone 
and bone artifacts, shell ornaments, 
pottery vessels and sherds, 1 clay 
figurine, and 1 skeleton — near Reserve, 
New Mexico. 

Purchases: 331 ethnological speci- 
mens from Cubeo, Desano, and other 
Rio Vaupes tribes in Colombia, South 
America, and photographic negatives 
covering same region; 1 vegetable dye 
Navaho rug from Wide Ruin, Arizona. 

Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan: 3 ethno- 
historical specimens for exhibit explain- 
ing stratigraphy, Hall B — Michigan and 
Indiana (exchange). 

P CuMP, Percy W., Jr., Chicago: 
model of canoe — Kiriwina, Trobriand 
Islands (gift). 

Field, Joseph N., Lake Forest, Illi- 
nois: 2 beaded yokes, 2 pairs of beaded 
cuffs for women's costumes — Greenland 


Gregory, Mrs. Alice H., Chicago: 
4 costumed dolls, groups of dolls — 
Guatemala (gift). 

Sargent, Homer E., Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia: 25 pieces of Kabyle jewelry — 
Algeria (gift). 

Spoor, Mrs. John A. (deceased): 1 
Greek vase, 1 Egyptian figurine (gift). 

University of California, De- 
partment OF Anthropology, Berkeley: 
10 pottery sherds — Viti Levu, Fiji Is- 
lands (gift). 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment OF Anthropology, Chicago: 8 
archaeological specimens — Illinois (gif t) . 

University of Illinois, College 
OF Medicine, Department of Anat- 
omy, Chicago: 1 male pelvis — Chicago 

Warner, Paul J., Chicago: 2 brass 
bells — North and South Dakota (gift). 


Abbott, Charles C, West Chester, 
Pennsylvania: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

AcosTA SoLis, Professor Misael, 
Quito, Ecuador: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men, 49 microscope slides of wood 
sections (gift). 

Andersen, Svend, Copenhagen, Den- 
mark: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Angulo, Dr. Nicolas, Trujillo, Peru: 
30 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Bailey Hortorium, Ithaca, New 
York: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Barbosa, Luis Augusto Grand- 
VAUX, Lourenco Marques, Africa: 28 
specimens of African plants (gift). 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Medellin, 
Colombia: 10 cryptogamic specimens 

Baschant, Dr. R., Steyr, Austria: 
46 specimens of bryophytes (exchange). 

Bauer, Bill, Webster Groves, Mis- 
souri: 12 specimens of Missouri plants 

Blum, Dr. J. L., Buffalo: 74 speci- 
mens of algae (gift). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 86 specimens of algae (gift). 

Britton, Dr. Max E., Evanston, 
Illinois: 154 specimens of plants from 
the Dutch East Indies (gift). 


Brown, Dr. Willi AxM L., Johnston, 
Iowa: 10 ears of corn (gift). 

Cain, Dr. Stanley A., Bloomfu'ld 
Hills, Michigan: 20 specimi'ns of algae 

Carter, Dr. Annetta, Berkeley, 
California: 9 specimens of fresh-water 
algae (gift). 

Castaneda, Dr. Rafael Romero, 
Bogota, Colombia: 77 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Chandler, Albert, St. Louis: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 1 specimen of Sirocoleum 
(gift); 16 specimens of algae (exchange). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler: 14 
plant specimens from Bolivia; 103 plant 
specimens from Mexico, Texas, and 
Arizona; (Desloge Peruvian Botanical 
Expedition, 1948) 22 ears of corn. 

Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren 
(Cuban Botanical Field Trip, 1948): 
156 collections (about 600 items) of 
Cuban palm material, 686 negatives. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 29 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 310 plant specimens — 
Uruguay; 523 orchid specimens — Brazil; 
615 miscellaneous plant specimens; 
2,498 specimens of algae — New Bruns- 
wick; 100 moss specimens — Japan; 124 
specimens and 34 lots (number of speci- 
mens not given) of mosses — New Zea- 
land; 197 miscellaneous specimens of 
bryophytes; 500 cryptogamic speci- 
mens — Czechoslovakia; 259 crypto- 
gamic specimens — Europe. 

Chu, Hao-Jan, Evanston, Illinois: 
36 specimens of algae (gift). 

CoLEGio de La Salle, Vedado, 
Havana, Cuba: 51 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Colorado State College of Agri- 
culture AND Mechanic Arts, Fort 
Collins: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Conard, Dr. Henry S., Grinnell, 
Iowa: 27 specimens of bryophytes (ex- 

CoNDiT, Professor Ira J., River- 
side, California: 10 specimens of Ficus 

Conservator of Forests, Belize, 
British Honduras: 5 plant specimens 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 69 
plant specimens, 10 cryptogamic .speci- 
mens, 50 ears of corn (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 143 specimens of algae (e.x- 

Dalmat, Captain Herbert T., New 
Orleans: 43 plant specimens from Guate- 
mala (gift). 

Darrow, Dr. Robert A., Tucson, 
Arizona: 45 specimen.s of lichens (ex- 

Dawson, Dr. E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
90 specimens of algae (gift). 

DeToni, Dr. Giuseppe, Brescia, 
Italy: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Diller, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 

19 specimens of algae in cultures (gift). 
Doty, Dr. Ma.wvell S., Evan.ston, 

Illinois: 104 cryptogamic specimens 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 275 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Echeverria, Dr. Jose Antonio, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 97 specimens of Costa 
Rican plants (gift). 

Ehrhardt, Robert P., Gambier, 
Ohio: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Escuela Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 2,498 plant 
specimens from Central America (ex- 

Facultad Nacional de Agronomia, 
Medellin, Colombia: 342 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Feigley, Margaret, Wilmette, Illi- 
nois: 57 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Fell, Dr. Egbert W., Rockford, 
Illinois: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Ferreyra, Dr. Ramon, Lima, Peru: 
30 specimens of algae (gift). 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 

20 specimens of algae (gift). 

Flint, Dr. Sam E., Portland, Oregon: 
7 specimens of algae in cultures (gift). 

Fogelberg, Dr. S. 0., Elon College, 
North Carolina: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift). 

Fott, Dr. Bohuslav, Prague, Czecho- 
slovakia: 39 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 

Frenkel, Dr. A. W., IMinneapolis: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Chicago: 
33 plant specimens from Illinois and 
California (gift). 

Fuller, Dr. Harry J., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 plant .specimens (gift). 

GlER, Dr. L. J., Liberty, Mi.ssouri: 
52 specimens of algae (gift). 


Gomez, Dr. Ramon, Havana, Cuba: 
43 wood samples (gift). 

Graham, Dr. Verne O., Chicago: 

1 plant specimen (gift). 

GuLDNER, Dr. Ludwig F., Daven- 
port, Iowa: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

Haas, Dr. T. P., Philadelphia: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 22 specimens 
of algae (gift). 

Hamill, Mrs. Alfred, Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hankla, Donald J., Carbondale, 
Illinois: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 12 
specimens of corn and beans (gift). 

Hecker, Richard C, Urbana, Illi- 
nois: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Herter, Dr. W. O., Montevideo, 
Uruguay: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Humm, Dr. Harold J., Beaufort, 
North Carolina: 56 specimens of algae 

Humphreys, Paul, Whiting, In- 
diana: 35 specimens of plants from 
Norway (gift). 

Inger, Mrs. Robert F., Chicago: 

2 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Instituto de Botanica Darwinion, 
San Isidro, Argentina: 50 specimens of 
Argentine plants (exchange). 

Instituto del Museo, Universidad 
de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina: 303 
specimens of Argentine plants (ex- 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universi- 
dad DE Tucuman, Tucuman, Argentina: 
1,919 specimens of Argentine plants (ex- 

Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 48 specimens of 
Rubiaceae (exchange). 

Karling, Dr. John S., New York: 
6 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

KiENER, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, Ne- 
braska: 180 specimens of algae (gift); 
154 specimens of Juniperus, 73 speci- 
mens of cryptogams (exchange). 

Lac as, Professor M. M., Laredo, 
Texas: 56 plant specimens, 38 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift). 

Lasser, Dr. Tobias, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 208 specimens of Venezuelan 
plants (exchange). 

Leite, Reverend Brother Jose 
Eugenio, Nova-Friburgo, Brazil: 119 

specimens of Brazilian plants (ex- 

Leon, Reverend Brother, Havana, 
Cuba: 30 specimens of Cuban plants 
(gift); 168 photographs of Cuban palms 

Lewin, R. a.. New Haven, Con- 
necticut: 2 cryptogamic specimens 

Long, Lewis E., Bluefields, Nica- 
ragua: 202 plant specimens and a large 
collection of seeds from Nicaragua 

Macbride, J. Francis, Palo Alto, 
California: 87 cryptogamic specimens, 
6 samples of breadstuff's (gift). 

Mangelsdorf, Dr. Paul C, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: 11 ears of corn 

Markle, Dr. M. S., Richmond, In- 
diana: 17 specimens of algae (gift). 

Matuda, Eizi, Escuintla, Chiapas, 
Mexico: 769 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Maxon, Dr. William R., Terra 
Ceia, Florida: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

May, Dr. Valerie, Cronulla, New 
South Wales, Australia: 16 specimens 
of algae (gift). 

Merrill, Dr. Elmer D., Jamaica 
Plain, Massachusetts: 2 specimens of 
Metasequoia (gift). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 630 plant specimens, 8 ears of 
corn (exchange). 

Mitchell, Rodger D., Wayne, Illi- 
nois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Moldenke, Harold N., New York: 
6 plant specimens (gift) ; 49 plant speci- 
mens, 133 photographic prints (ex- 

Moore, George E., Glencoe, Mis- 
souri: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 366 specimens of Costa Rican 
Plants (gift). 

National Herbarium, Botanic 
Gardens, Sydney, Australia: 133 speci- 
mens of plants from New South Wales 

New York Botanical Garden, New 
York: 1 plant specimen (gift); 513 plant 
specimens, 10 cryptogamic specimens, 
10 photographic prints (exchange). 

NiELL, George N., Tarenton, Penn- 
sylvania: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 


Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 294 specimens of algae 

Nielsen, Dr. Jens E., Chicago: 31 
specimens of diatoms (gift). 

Palmer, Dr. C. M., Calcutta, India: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia: 
35 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Petersen, Oscar, Glendale, Mis- 
souri: 3 specimens of Quercus (gift). 

Plagge, Dr. James, Barrington, Illi- 
nois: 70 specimens of Iowa plants (gift). 

Prior, Sophia, Chicago: 4 specimens 
of plants from New Caledonia (gift). 

Rambo, Father B., Porto Alegre, Rio 
Grande do Sul, Brazil: 125 specimens of 
Brazilian plants (exchange). 

Robbins, Professor G. Thomas, 
Ada, Oklahoma: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Rodriguez, Dr. A., Madrid, Spain: 
1 economic specimen (gift). 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Canada: 13 specimens of algae (gift). 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
Surrey, England: 815 plant specimens 

Rubinstein, Dr. Joseph, Chicago: 
9 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

RuNK, Dr. B. F. D., Charlottesville, 
Virginia: 70 specimens of algae (ex- 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 78 specimens of Arkansas 
plants, 25 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Schallert, Dr. P. O., Orlando, 
Florida: 11 specimens of algae (gift); 
7 specimens of algae (exchange). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 26 
plant specimens, 14 negatives, 15 photo- 
graphic prints (gift). 

SiLVA, Herman, East Lansing, Michi- 
gan: 218 specimens of algae (gift). 

Smith, Dr. Albert C, Washington, 
D.C.: 10 specimens of algae (gift). 

SouKUP, Professor J., Lima, Peru: 
117 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

State University of Iowa, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Iowa City: 506 
specimens of Iowa plants (exchange). 

State University of Iowa, Her- 
barium, Iowa City: 32 specimens of 
Iowa plants (exchange). 

Stephenson, Dr. T. A., Aberystwyth, 
Wales: 524 specimens of algae (gift). 

Steyermark, Mrs. Cora, Barring- 
ton, Illinois: 105 specimens of plants 

from western United States, 1 photo- 
graphic print (gift). 

Sutliff, Mrs. E. C, San Francisco: 
69 .specimens of hepatics (exchange). 

SwiNK, Floyd, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Tasmanian Forestry Commission, 
Hobart, Tasmania: 1 board of King 
William pine (gift). 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 13 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 133 plant specimens, 
2 cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

University of Adelaide, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Adelaide, Australia: 
78 plant specimens, 156 specimens of 
marine algae (exchange). 

University of Arizona, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Tucson: 142 speci- 
mens of Arizona plants (exchange). 

University of California, De- 
partment OF Botany, Berkeley: 6 
specimens of cultivated plants', 10 
specimens of algae (gift); 1,403 speci- 
mens of cultivated plants, 835 plant 
specirnens from Central and South 
America, 1,272 cryptogamic specimens 

University of Illinois, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Urbana: 130 speci- 
mens of Illinois plants (exchange). 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Ann Arbor: 996 plant 
specimens, 367 cryptogamic specimens 

University of Pennsylvania, De- 
partment OF Botany, Philadelphia: 57 
specimens of mosses (exchange). 

University of Southern Cali- 
fornia, Allan Hancock Foundation, 
Los Angeles: 737 plant specimens, 347 
specimens of marine algae (exchange). 

University of Texas, Depart.ment 
OF Botany, Austin: 20 specimens of 
Ruellia (gift). 

University of Washington, De- 
partment OF Botany, Seattle: 112 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Van Horn, Mrs. George E., Casa 
Grande, Arizona: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift). 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
50 .specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Vatter, Dr. Albert E., Chicago: 5 
specimens of algae (gift). 

VoGL, Reverend Father Corneli- 
us, Caracas, Venezuela: 2 specimens of 
seeds of Ormosia (gift). 


Wade, W. E., East Lansing, Michi- 
gan: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Whitehouse, Dr. Eula, Dallas, 
Texas: 87 specimens of algae (gift). 

Williams, Dr. Louis G., Beaufort, 
North Carolina: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift). 

WoMERSLEY, Dr. H. B. S., Adelaide, 
Australia: 6 specimens of algae (gift). 

Wynne, Dr. Frances E., Chicago: 
36 specimens of mosses (gift). 

Yale University, Osborn Botani- 
cal Laboratory, New Haven, Con- 
necticut: 12,000 specimens of algae 

Young, Mary, Boyce, Virginia: 14 
specimens of Solanaceae (gift). 


Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia: collection of invertebrate 
fossils — various localities (exchange). 

American Brass Company, Water- 
bury, Connecticut: 27 economic geology 
specimens — various localities (gift). 

Anaconda Copper Mining Com- 
pany, Butte, Montana: 7 mineral speci- 
mens — Butte, Montana; collection of 
economic geology specimens — various 
localities (gift). 

Bakewell, a. a., Solon Springs, 
Wisconsin: collection of fossil shells — 
Caloosahatchie Canal, Florida (gift). 

Bingham, William J., St. Paul: 26 
semiprecious gem specimens — various 
localities (gift). 

Brandt, Karl, British Zone, Ger- 
many: 4 fossil plant specimens — Hagen, 
Vorhalle (exchange). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Harry E. Changnon 
(Eastern States Geological Expedition, 
1947): collection of rock, mineral, and 
ore specimens — various localities. 

Collected by Harry E. Changnon and 
Robert Kriss Wyant (Southwest Geo- 
logical Field Trip, 1948): collection of 
rock and ore specimens — various locali- 

Collected by George Langford: 730 
fossil plant specimens — Wilmington, 

Collected by George Langford and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Wilmington Field 
Trips, 1948): 954 fossil flora specimens, 
83 fossil fauna specimens — Wilmington 
and Braidwood, Illinois. 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr., and Alan Jager (Southern Illinois 
Field Trip, 1948): 177 fossil inverte- 
brates — Illinois. 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy: 
(Field Museum Expedition to Erie 

County, New York, 1941) 9 vertebrate 
fossil specimens — Erie County, New 
York; 50 economic geology specimens — 
various localities in India. 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl and 
William D. Turnbull (Wyoming Pale- 
ontological Expedition, 1948): collec- 
tion of fossil mammals, fossil reptiles, 
fossil fishes, and fossil invertebrates — 
various localities. 

Transferred from the Department of 
Zoology: 1 fossil clam specimen — 
Amazon Basin. 

Purchases: 2 Sabellaria worm speci- 
mens — North Sea; fossil plant collec- 
tion — Germany; shattuckite specimen — 
Arizona; 7 fossil turtles — Kansas. 

Comer, Earl, South Bend, Indiana: 
5 fossil shark teeth — Everglades, Florida 

Donor unknown: 10 shark teeth — 
Calvert County, Maryland (collected). 

DuPoNT, James M., Chatham, New 
Jersey: 2 silicified wood specimens, 15 
marine invertebrate specimens — various 
localities (gift). 

Eagle Richer Research Labora- 
tory, Joplin, Missouri: 8 samples of 
lead and zinc by-products (gift). 

Field, Henry, Washington, D.C.: 
1 box of sand — Freeport, Maine (gift). 

Friz, Dr. Carlos A., Chicago: 98 
rock and mineral specimens — various 
localities (gift). 

Gotham, W., Merseburg, Prussia: 2 
fragments of fossil rubber plants — 
Prussia (exchange). 

Griesbach, John 0., Duluth: 3 in- 
vertebrate fossils, 1 fossil fish — various 
locaHties (gift). 

Grosvenor, Captain Richard, Canal 
Zone, Panama: 6 groups of zeolite speci- 
mens, 2 groups of stilbite crystals, 1 


pectolite specimen, 1 hculandite speci- 
men — Canal Zone, Panama (gift). 

Hackenbary, Elmer, Sr., Pine 
Ridge, South Dakota: cheek region of 
an oredon skull— Shannon County, 
South Dakota (gift). 

Hawk, Robert M., Denver: 5 neph- 
rite fragments— Long Creek Mine, 
Colorado (gift). 

Langford, George, Chicago: 617 
fossil plant specimens— Wilmington, 
Illinois (gift). 

Look, Alfred A., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: 25 specimens of barite crys- 
tals — Appleton, Colorado (gift). 

MoE, Edwin, Chicago: 2 ammonite 
specimens — Black Hills, South Dakota 

New Jersey Zinc Company, New 
York: 19 rare mineral specimens — 
various localities (gift). 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michi- 
gan: 5 meteorite specimens — various 
localities (gift). 

Plummer, Roy 0., San Diego: slab 
of Pliocene fossils, concretion with snail 
shell — San Diego (exchange). 

Princeton University, Princeton, 
New Jersey: 26 invertebrate fossil speci- 
mens — various localities (exchange). 

Republic Steel Corporation, Mas- 
sillon, Ohio: collection of economic 
geology specimens — various localities 

Reynolds Metals Company, Rich- 
mond, Virginia: 38 aluminum samples 

Reynolds Mining Company, Alex- 
ander, Arkansas: 3 bauxite specimens — 
Arkansas (gift). 

Richardson, Edwards N., Winnetka, 
Illinois: 1 invertebrate fossil specimen — 
Racine, Wisconsin (gift). 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Win- 
netka, Illinois: 1 invertebrate fos.sil 
specimen, 1 ventifact specimen, 1 box 
of oolitic sand -various localities (gift). 

Rohwer, O. H. D., Chicago: Devon- 
ian coral specimen localitv unknown 

Sinclair, G. Winston, University 
of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada: 
Bryozoan collection Quebec, Canada 


^ Smith, E(;bert T., Fort Meyers, 
P'lorida: pink conch pearl Florida 


Standard Oil Company, New York: 
10 panels telling the story of oil (gift). 

Straight, H. R., Redfield, Iowa: 1 
variscite .specimen - localitv unknown 

Thompson, R. T., Phoenix, Arizona: 
1 specimen of fluorescent chalcedony — 
Arizona (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 
9 fossil turtles Kansas (gift). 

Vernon, Olive, Rosemont, Cali- 
fornia: 1 trilobite specimen — locality 
unknown (gift). 

Ward's Natural Science Estab- 
lishment, Rochester, New York: 12 
Upper Cambrian fossils — Wisconsin and 
Minnesote (exchange). 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
AND Jack Whitfield, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 77 fossil insects, 3 fossil fishes, col- 
lection of invertebrate fossils — Floris- 
sant, Colorado (gift). 

WiLLEMS, Dr. J. Daniel, Chicago: 
1 step-cut golden beryl specimen — 
Brazil (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, Illi- 
nois: 5 fossil shark teeth — Switzerland 


Allen, Ross, Silver Springs, Florida: 
1 reptile — Mexico (gift). 

Anderson, Arthur E., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 1 snake skin — Indiana (gift). 

Arnett, Dr. Ross H., Jr., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 3 insect paratypes — Florida 

Baechle, Reverend John W., Col- 
legeville, Indiana: 1 mollusk locality 
unknown (gift). 

Bayalis, John, Chicago: 2 insects — 
Chicago (gift). 

Beamer, Dr. Raymond H., Lawrence, 
Kansas: 6 insects -United States (gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 3 
insects — New Caledonia (gift). 

Benesh, Bernard, North Chicago, 
Illinois: 7 reptiles and amphibian.s — 
Tennessee (gift). 


Berlioz, M., Paris, France: 163 
birds — Madagascar (exchange). 

BiESE, Dr. Walter, Santiago, Chile: 
13 lots of fresh-water mollusks, 10 of 
which are paratypes — Chile (gift). 

Blake, Emmet R., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 15 insects — Barrington, Illinois 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 71 mammals, 
22 lots of lower invertebrates — various 
localities (exchange). 

BucH, Father A., Ningpo, China: 
652 insects — China (gift). 

BucHEN, Walther, Chicago: 77 
birds — Mt. Kenya, Africa (gift). 

Bullock, D. S., Angol, Chile: 18 
mammals — Chile (gift). 

Burch, John Q., Los Angeles: 2 
mollusks — West Mexico (gift). 

Burton, Robert, Chicago: 2 ivory- 
billed woodpeckers — Arkansas (gift). 

Callan, Professor E. McC, Trini- 
dad, British West Indies: 4 reptiles — 
Trinidad, British West Indies (gift). 

Cam, Meneue, Kisantu, Congo Beige : 
10 insects — Belgian Congo (gift). 

Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 9 in- 
sects — various localities (gift). 

Carey, Dr. Joshua H., Chicago: 35 
birds — Idaho (exchange). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 28 
reptiles — Honduras (exchange). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (Palau 

Entomological Expedition, 1947-48): 

253 insects and their allies — Berkeley, 


Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Bermuda 
Zoological Expedition, 1947): 18 rep- 
tiles, 121 insects and their allies, 330 
lots of lower invertebrates — Bermuda. 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas and 
others (Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition, 
1948): 21 reptiles and amphibians, 
91 insects and their allies, 729 lots of 
lower invertebrates — Bermuda. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal (Uni- 
versity of California African Expedi- 
tion, 1948): 30 chameleons — Africa. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal and 
others (Philippines Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1946-47): 1 monkey-eating eagle, 
18,247 insects and their allies — Philip- 
pine Islands. 

Collected by Robert F. Inger and 
Henry S. Dybas (local field work): 1 
reptile — Illinois. 

Collected by Dr. James Kezer and 
the Clifford H. Popes (Kezer-Pope 
Missouri Cave Field Trip, 1948): 1 
mammal, 25 amphibians — Missouri. 

Collected by Rodger D. Mitchell 
(Guatemalan Zoological Expedition, 
1948): 12 birds -Guatemala. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Pale- 
ontological Expedition to the South- 
west, 1946): 1,444 insects and their 
allies — Texas. 

Collected by the Clifford H. Popes 
and others (Mountain Lake Biological 
Station Field Trip, 1948): 527 reptiles 
and amphibians — Virginia, West Vir- 
ginia, Kentucky. 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr. (Grand Tower Field Trip, 1948): 
4 lots of lower invertebrates — Grand 
Tower, Illinois. 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (local 
field work): 2 mammals — Illinois. 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn and 
others (Arkansas Zoological Field Trip, 
1948): 116 mammals, 38 reptiles and 
amphibians, 22 lots of lower inverte- 
brates — Arkansas. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt and 
others (Texas Herpetological Field Trip, 
1948): 4 mammals, 170 reptiles and 
amphibians, 409 insects and their allies 
— Texas. 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Ethnological Expedition to Micronesia, 
1947): 38 insects and their allies — 

Collected by Luis de la Torre (Guate- 
malan Zoological Expedition, 1948): 
859 mammals — Guatemala. 

Collected by Mr. and Mrs. Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr. (Mexican Zoological Ex- 
pedition, 1948): 15 mammals, 4 reptiles 
— Mexico. 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and C. M. Barber (Field Trip to Ala- 
bama, 1947): 4 insects — Alabama. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel (from 
animals brought in for Museum collec- 
tion): 58 insects and their allies — in 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel and 
others (local field work): 67 insects and 
their allies — Indiana. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel, 
Rodger D. Mitchell, and Luis de la 
Torre (Guatemalan Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1948): 51 reptiles and amphibians, 
2,408 insects and their allies, 32 lots of 
lower invertebrates — Guatemala. 


Collected by Mr. and Mrs. John W. 
Winn (Field Trip to Mammoth and 
New Discovery Caves, 1947): 103 in- 
sects and their allies —Mammoth Cave 
National Park, Kentucky. 

Collected by Loren P. Woods and 
others (Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition, 
1948): 5,294 fishes— Bermuda. 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
(Wyoming Paleontological Expedition, 
1948): 50 lots of lower invertebrates — 
Wyoming and South Dakota. 

Purchases: 267 mammals, 2,293 birds, 
1,073 reptiles and amphibians, 128 
fishes, 5,818 insects and their allies, 
106 lots of lower invertebrates. 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 13 mammals, 72 birds, 7 
reptiles and amphibians, 1 reptile egg — 
various localities (gift). 

CiESLAK, Dr. Edwin S., Minneapolis: 
10 insects — Minnesota (gift). 

ClFERRi, Claudio, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 6 birds — Venezuela (gift). 

City Exterminating Company, Chi- 
cago: 5 insects — Chicago (gift). 

Collins, Stephen, Ithaca, New 
York: 1 reptile — Indiana (gift). 

CoNANT, Roger, Philadelphia: 39 
snakes (1 type, 19 paratypes), 16 am- 
phibians — United States (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 9 
birds — various localities (gift). 

Coonley, Mrs. John Stuart, Chi- 
cago: 5 mollusks — tropical seas (gift). 

Cordell, Jerry, Savannah, Georgia: 
1 reptile — Savannah, Georgia (gift). 

Curtis, Lawrence, Dallas, Texas: 
14 reptiles — Texas (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E. Chicago: 4 
reptiles and amphibians — Cuba (gift). 

Davey, Dawn, Chicago: 3 lots of 
mollusks — St. Petersburg, Florida (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton Park, 
Illinois: 3 mammals, 1 reptile — various 
localities (gift). 

Dickinson, J. C, Jr., Gainesville, 
Florida: 6 reptiles — Florida (gift). 

Dowling, Herndon, Jr., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 8 reptiles — Florida (gift). 

Drake, Dr. Carl J., Ames, Iowa: 
111 insects and their allies — various 
localities (gift). 

Drake, Robert J., Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 5 lots of mollusks — 
Texas and New Mexico (gift). 

DuBois, Ernest P., Talara, Peru: 
69 reptiles, 3 insects and their allies — 
Peru and Ecuador (gift). 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 81 in- 
sects—various localities (gift). 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
8 reptiles — Belgian Congo (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 3 mammals, 9 in.sects and their 
allies, 6 lots of lower invertebrates — 
Egypt (gift). 

Fleming, Robert, Mussoorie, India: 
123 insects and their allies — Mussoorie, 
India (gift). 

Foss, Mrs. Dorothy B., Chicago: 
4 mammals, 1 mammal skull — domestic 


Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 1 bird, 

4 insects — Barrington, Illinois (gift). 

Freeman, F. J., Itasca, Illinois: 3 
birds —Itasca, Illinois (gift). 

Gemmill, Mrs. Eunice M., Chicago: 

1 mollusk — Ogunquit, Maine (gift). 

Graefe, C. F., Coyahoga Falls, Ohio: 

2 birds — domestic (gift). 

Greeley, Mr. and Mrs. Fred, 
Madison, Wiscon.sin: 2 reptiles, 1 lot 
of mollusks — Pelee Island, Ontario, 
Canada (gift). 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 1 bird, 31 in.sects (in- 
cluding 10 paratypes), 1 lower inverte- 
brate — mostly Brazil (gift). 

Haas, Edith P., Chicago: 2 insects, 
1 lot of mollusks — Wisconsin (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 6 lots of 
mollusks — Chicago (gift). 

Hagey, Robert H., Chicago: 1 
mammal — Barrington, Illinois (gift). 

Hairston, Dr. Nelson G., Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 522 amphibians — 
Southern Appalachians (gift). 

Hanson, Harold, Urbana, Illinois: 

5 mammal skeletons, 12 amphibians — 
Canada (exchange). 

Harris, Mrs. Lucile B., St. Peters- 
burg, Florida: 1 reptile — St. Petersburg, 
Florida (gift). 

Hasler, Dr. Arthur D., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 11 fishes — Madison, Wis- 
consin (gift). 

Herbst, John C, Chicago: 1 bird — 
Chicago (gift). 

HiLDER, Charles F., Pacific Grove, 
California: 4 snake skins— East Africa 
and Brazil (gift). 

HoLLEY, F. E., Lombard, Illinois: 32 
insects -various localities (gift). 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago: 4,963 
insects — various localities (gift). 



Jewett, Jr., and Dean Amadon, 
Chicago: 37 birds — Dutch New Guinea 

Horback, Alexander, Cicero, Illi- 
nois: 1 insect — Cicero, Illinois (gift). 

Horback, Stephen, Chicago: 1 mam- 
mal — Chicago (gift). 

Humphreys, Paul, Whiting, Indiana: 
17 lots of mollusks — Norway (gift). 

Inger, Robert F., Chicago: 8 insects 
and their allies — Dune Acres, Indiana 

Javier Prado, Museo de Historia 
Natural: Lima, Peru: 9 mammals — 
Peru (gift). 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 32 
reptiles and amphibians — Texas (gift). 

Keller, Paul J., Dyer, Indiana: 1 
reptile — Illinois (gift). 

Klbmm, Walter, Strasswalchen, Aus- 
tria: 34 lots of mollusks — Austria (ex- 

Knull, Josef N., Columbus, Ohio: 
21 insects — United States (gift). 

KoHN, Robert R., Madison, Wis- 
consin: 6 reptiles — southwest Pacific 

Krauss, N. L. H., Honolulu, Hawaii: 
6 reptiles and amphibians — various 
localities (gift). 

Kreuger, R., Almvagen, Finland: 
51 birds' eggs — Old World (exchange). 

KuRFESS, Lieutenant John, War- 
rington, Florida: 26 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Florida and Texas (gift). 

Leech, Hugh B., San Francisco: 2 
insects (1 paratype) — British Columbia 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 6 mam- 
mals, 9 reptiles and amphibians, 1 
spider — various localities (gift). 

LoosANOFF, V. L., Milford, Con- 
necticut: 1 lot of mollusks — Oregon 

LowRiE, Dr. Don C, Las Vegas, 
New Mexico: 31 mammals — Las Vegas, 
New Mexico (gift). 

Lyons, Sergeant Aloysus V., 
Patrolman William McNulty, and 
Patrolman Edward Ohlen, Chicago: 
1 bird — South Chicago (gift). 

Manuel, Canuto, Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands: 6 birds — Philippine Is- 
lands (gift). 

Maria, Brother Niceforo, Bogota, 
Colombia: 3 mammals, 1 reptile — Co- 
lombia (gift); 2 reptiles — Colombia (ex- 

Martin, Richard A., Chicago: 14 
insects and their allies — Wheatfield, 
Indiana (gift). 

Mazzotti, Dr. Luis, Mexico, D.F.: 

I mammal — Mexico (gift). 

McGrew, Dr. Paul O., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 3 mammal skeletons — Wy- 
oming (exchange). 

Miller, Charles M., Los Angeles: 
3 reptiles— California (gift). 

Mitchell, Rodger D., Wayne, Illi- 
nois: 34 insects and their allies — Illinois 

Moe, Virginia, River Forest, Illinois: 
3 insects -Illinois (gift). 

Moeck, Arthur H., Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin: 2 butterflies (paratypes) — New 
Mexico (gift). 

Moore, J. E., Alberta, Canada: 48 
reptiles and amphibians — Canada (ex- 

Morrow, Mrs. John, and Mar- 
garet Clow, Lake Bluff, Illinois: 1 
bird— Lake Bluff, Illinois (gift). 

Murphy, Walter P. (deceased): 177 
birds (one type) — North America (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 58 insects 
(14 paratypes), 23 lots of lower inver- 
tebrates — various localities (gift). 

Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 5 
mammals, 3 lots of mollusks — New 
Mexico (exchange); 2 reptiles — Europe 

NOLASCO, Dr. J. O., Calamianes, 
Philippine Islands: 29 parasites — Philip- 
pine Islands (gift). 

NoRRis, Kenneth S., Los Angeles: 
6 reptiles — California (gift). 

O'Brien, Marie, Evanston, Illinois: 

II insects and their allies — various 
localities (gift). 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 384 insects — United States (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago Heights, 
Illinois: 1 mammal, 1 amphibian, 88 
insects and their allies — Wyoming and 
Illinois (gift). 

Perkins, C. B., San Diego: 17 living 
geckos — San Diego, Cahfornia (gift). 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, 
Venezuela: 1 bird — Paraguay (gift); 
1 bird — Venezuela (exchange). 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 6 amphibians — Louisiana (gift). 

Popp, Johann, Munich, Germany: 
3 mammals — Germany (gift). 

PuENTE, Javier Ortiz de la, Lima, 
Peru: 3 birds — Peru (gift). 


Raffles Museum, Singapore: 155 
mammals, 5 mammal skulls -Malaysia 


Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 4:^ insects— 
Illinois and Indiana (gift); 10,000 in- 
sects — South Pacific (exchange). 

Reed, Dr. C. A., Tucson, Arizona: 
5 amphibians — Oregon (gift). 

Remington, Dr. C. L., New Haven, 
Connecticut: 1,149 insects — New Cale- 
donia (gift). 

Rivero, Dr. Juan A., Mayaguez, 
Puerto Rico: 16 amphibians, 3' fishes, 
2 lots of lower invertebrates- Puerto 
Rico (gift) 

RoMER, J. D., Hong Kong, China: 
14 reptiles and amphibians- Hong 
Kong, China (gift). 

RoosE\ELT College, Chicago: 5 
typist _ chairs; 1,653 insects — various 
localities (exchange). 

Rose, Dr. William, Chicago: 4 in- 
sects — Philippine Islands (exchange). 

Ross, Captain J. M., Chicago: 1 lot 

of mollusks — Solomon Islands (gift). 

ScHLESCH, Dr. Hans, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 6 lots of mollusks -Paraguay 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Seig, C. H., Angar, Palau Islands: 
25 amphibians—Angar, Palau Islands 

Senchenberg Museum, Frankfurt 
on the Main, Germany: 2 amphibians — 
Madagascar (exchange). 

SiOLi, Dr. Harald, Belem, Brazil: 
108 lots of mollusks — Amazonas (ex- 

Smith, Egbert T., Fort Myers, 
Florida: 1 lot of mollusks — West Indies 

Smith, Dr. Hobart M., Urbana, 
Illinois: 1 paratype of a lizard — Miami, 
Florida (gift). 

Springer, Paul, La Grange, Illinois: 
5 amphibians — La Grange, Illinois 


Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Har- 
rington, Illinois: 1 bird, 1 amphibian, 
11 in.sects — Missouri and Illinois (gift). 

Storm, Robert M., Corvallis, Ore- 
gon : 62 amphibians -Oregon (exchange) . 

Street, Mr. and Mrs. William S., 
Seattle, Washington: 1 Alaska brown 
bear — Alaska (gift). 

Swayne, Julius R., Carbondale, Illi- 
nois: 4 mammal skeletons Illinois (ex- 

Tarrant, Ross, Wilmette, Illinois: 
1 mammal, 7 fishes various localities 

Terra, Helmut de, Cuernavaca, 
Mexico: 3 lots of mollusks Mexico 

Thomas, Jay, and T. W. Pape, Jr., 
Chesterton, Indiana: left mandible of 
Canada porcupine — Indiana (gift). 

Thompson, Dr. Davis, River Forest, 
Illinois: 1 mammal skull Illinois (gift). 

Torre, Luis de la, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 22 insects -Hay ward, Wis- 
consin (gift). 

TscHAMBERS, Bert, Chicago: 5 in- 
sects — Florida and Chicago (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 1 snail paratype 
— Philippine Islands (gift); 64 fishes 
(5 paratypes) various localities (ex- 

University of Arequipa, Arequipa, 
Peru: 97 reptiles and amphibians — 
Peru (exchange). 

University of Cincinnati, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio: 2 birds -Sweden and Cyprus 

van der Schalie, Henry, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 111 lots of mollusks - 
various localities (gift). 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 404 insects —various localities 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Tingo 
Maria, Peru: 21 lots of mollusks -Peru 

White, Dr. Jesse S., Cleveland, 
Mississippi: 6 insects Ocean Springs, 
Missis.sippi (gift). 

Williams, Dr. Elliott C, Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana: 5 reptiles and am- 
phibians—various localities (gift). 

Winn, Mr. and Mrs. John W., 
Madison, Wisconsin: 9 insects and their 
allies Illinois and Michigan (gift). 

Woods, Loren P., Richton Park, 
Illinois: 2 fishes, 9 amphibians —United 

States (gift). 

Woods, Samuel A., Culver, Indiana: 
1 elk antler — Indiana (gift). 

Wright, Major Howard T., Japan: 
368 reptiles and amphibians, 14 fishes, 
3,252 insects and their allies, 12 lots of 
lower invertebrates Japan (gift). 


Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 125 in- 
sects and their alHes — United States 

Wyckoff, Walter, Yellow Springs, 
Ohio: 1 lot of aphids — Chicago (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, Illi- 

nois: 18 reptiles and amphibians, 144 
lots of mollusks — various localities 

ZiMRiNG, Daniel J., Chicago: 23 
insects and their allies — Palm Beach, 
Florida (gift). 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler (Desloge 

Peruvian Botanical Expedition, 1948): 

83 2x2 natural-color slides, originals. 

Made by Museum Photographer: 95 
2x2 natural-color slides, originals. 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 
7 2x2 natural-color slides, originals 
(gift); 43 2x2 natural-color slides, origi- 
nals (purchase). 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Chicago: 
98 2x2 natural-color slides, duplicates 

Howe, Charles Albbe, Homewood, 
lUinois: 131 2x2 natural-color slides, 
originals and duplicates (gift). 

Lower, George, Westtown, Penn- 
sylvania: 50 2x2 natural-color slides, 
duplicates (purchase). 

MoYER, John W., Chicago: 14 2x2 
natural-color slides, originals (gift). 

Ward's Natural Science Estab- 
lishment, Rochester, New York: 4 
2x2 natural-color slides, duplicates 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Division of Photography: 

860 negatives, 18,199 prints, 530 en- 

largements, 162 lantern slides, 39 color 
films; 4 rolls of film developed. 


Boulton, Rudyerd, Washington, 
D.C.: 12,500 feet of 35mm negative 
and positive film (gift). 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 650 
feet of color film (purchase). 

Felt and Tarrant Manufacturing 
Company, Chicago: 125 feet of color 
film (gift). 

Howe, Charles Albee, Homewood, 
Illinois: 350 feet of color film (gift). 

United Fruit Company, New York: 
400 feet of sound film (gift). 

United World Films, New York: 
200 feet of sound film (purchase). 


American Philosophical Society, Phila- 

Caribbean Research Council, Caribbean 
Commission, Washington, D.C. 

Colorado Scientific Society, Denver 
Embassy of Spain, Washington, D.C. 
Viking Fund, New York 



Adams, William C, Chicago 
Briigger, Mafalda, Basal, Switzerland 

Nichols, Dr. H. W., Chicago 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago 

Cosner, Mrs. Winona Hinkley, Chicago 

Field, Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Guzman, Luis Pena, Santiago, Chile 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 
Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago 
Hershkovitz, Phillip, Chicago 
Hodges, Sarah B., and Edward L. 

Brewster, Chicago 
Hoyle, Rafael Larco, Trujillo, Peru 

Izmirli, M. Celaleddin, Istambul, 

Kim, Dr. C, Seoul, Korea 

Langford, George, Chicago 

Leon, Reverend Brother, Havana, Cuba 

Palmer, Harold S., Honolulu, Hawaii 
Perry, Stuart H., Tucson, Arizona 

Regnell, Gerhard, Lund, Sweden 
Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Winnetka, 

Riley, Mrs. Charles V. (e.state of), 

Washington, D.C. 
Ross, Lillian A., Chicago 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois 
Schuser, H., London, England 
Standley, Paul C, Chicago 
Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Barrington, 


Tuttle, Mrs. Henry Nelson 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru 

Walters, Leon L., Chicago 
Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illinois 
Wilson, Marie, Evanston, Illinois 
Wilson, Laurence, Baguio, Philippine 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash co7itrihutions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount 7iot in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her 
lifetime. These annuities are guaranteed against fluctua- 
tion in amount, and may reduce federal income taxes. 




Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 

* Deceased 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond , James Nelson * 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those loho have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam Harris, Albert W. Sargent, Homer E. 

T 1 • TT T1 tr /^ ^ t Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 

Field, Marshall Adolf, Crown Prince of . ^ c. 

Field, Stanley Sweden Vernay, Arthur S. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, PhiHp M 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 
Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1948 
Cherrie, George K. 

Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Humbert, Professor 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Musetim 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

* Deceased 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 
Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 

American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Richards, Donald 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 



Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watliins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H. 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, O. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 
* Deceased 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, AIlss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hoogstraal, Harry 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

O-sgood, Dr. Wilfred U/ 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Ravmond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wolcott, Albert B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* Zangorl, Dr. Rainer 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1948 
Cherrie, George K. 

Knight, Charles R. 

McBain,'Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William II. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton L 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dawes, Charles G. 

Dawes, Henry M. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Newell, A. B. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 

Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 


LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan 

Veatch, George L. 

Asher, Louis E. 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Decker, Alfred 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
P. Wickwire, Mrs. 
Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 

Deceased, 1948 
Lament, Robert P. 

Moore, Edward S. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wiliits. Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Robinson, Theodore W. 

Simpson, William B. 
Swift, Charles H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, ivho have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Bennett, Mrs. Irene 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardoson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 

Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harrv 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Ander.son, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, 111 



Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnard, Harrison B. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 


Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C., Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Philip 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 

Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 



Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 
Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoflf, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Bucklev, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 

Burchmore, John S. 
Burdiek, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrv, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Del win M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, George 

Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B . 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Gary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giu.seppe 
Gates, Dudley 

Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Ilobert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherrv, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C.Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Kate E. 
Christen.sen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
CHfford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, CHfton C. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
CoUison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 



Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkev, Henry P. 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs.D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 

Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. WilHam C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl 0. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diestel, Mrs. Herman 

Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Donohue, William F. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Drvden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel 0. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 



Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishisein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 

Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addi.son L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gavlord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Gelling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
GetzofI, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gillev, Miss Hertha 
Giflord, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C., Mrs. John F. 



Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldfine, Dr. AscherH. C. 
Gelding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 


Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 

Hansen. Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardie, George F. 
Hardm, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
HeiTernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 



Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Higgins, John 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 

Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPhcrson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
HolzhcimiT, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, James P. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 

Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

I ekes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, ClilTord E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
JefTries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin 0. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph xM. 
Johnson, Nels E. 



Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, PhiHp C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George L 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katharine 

Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 

Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 

Kendrick, John F. 

Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 

Kennedy, Lesley 

Kennelly, Martin H. 

Kennev, Clarence B. 

Kent, Dr. O. B. 

Keogh, Gordon E. 

Kern, Mrs. August 

Kern, H. A. 

Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 

Kern, Trude 

Kerwin, Edward M. 

Kesner, Jacob L. 

Kestnbaum, Meyer 

Kettering, Mrs. 
Eugene W. 

Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 

Kile, Miss Jessie J. 

Kimball, David W. 

Kimball, William W. 

Kimbark, John R. 

King, Clinton B. 

King, Joseph H. 

Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 

Kinsey, Robert S. 

Kintzel, Richard 

Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 

Kitzelman, Otto 

Klee, Mrs. Nathan 

Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 

Kleist, Mrs. Harry 

Kleppinger, William H. 

Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 

Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 

Knutson, George H. 

Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 

Koch, Raymond J. 

Kochs, August 

Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 

Kohler, Eric L. 

Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, John H. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kreidler, D. C. 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 

Herman L., Jr. 
KropfT, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. 0. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 



Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor L 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 

Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, All)prt E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, John P. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Martjuart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 

Marsh, John 

McWiiliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, (Jcorgc F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzlutl", Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Master.son, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Rol)ert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 


Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metz, Mrs. Robert 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 

Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. 

George H. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 

Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'KeeflFe, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 



Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 

Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, A.xel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 

Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmirc, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
RachefT, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ravenscroft, Edward II. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
RcQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 



Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 

Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 

Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 



Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Ohve C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, CHnton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 


Smith, W. Lvnwood 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Mrs. Charles A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard L 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
SteiTey, David R. 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Steven.son, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 

Stirling, Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutclilfe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swigart, John D. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Tliomjjson, Edward F. 
Th()mi)S(iM, i']riicst II. 
Thomi)S()n, Floyd K. 



Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
ThuHn, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 


Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 

Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 



Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs.'john R. 

Babb, W. E. 
Becker, Benjamin F. 

Professor S. P. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butz, Herbert R. 

Carpenter, Mrs. 

George A. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chritton, George A. 

deKoven, Mrs. John 
Dunham, Robert J. 

Evans, Evan A. 

Faurot, Henry 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Fox, Charles E. 

Gibbs, Dr. William W. 

Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, Mrs." Robert H. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, WilUam G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 

Deceased, 1948 

Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 

Haskins, Raymond G. 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 

Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Krutckoff, Charles 

Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Laylander, 0. J. 
Leavens, Theodore 
Lynch, William Joseph 

Mann, Albert C. 
Marwick, Maurice 
Montgomery, Dr. 
Albert H. 

Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, .Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Bolsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Morgan, Alden K. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 

Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 

Reach, William 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 

Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stewart, Miss Eglantine 

Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Thompson, Fred L. 

Warren, Paul C. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Stevens, Edmund W. 


Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Caples, William G. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Hunt, George L. 

Knight, Mrs. John 
Kroehler, Kenneth 

Laing, William 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 

Lessman, Gerhard 
Lynch, J. W. 

McLennan, Mrs. 
Donald R., Sr. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Moore, Chester G. 

Price, W. G. F. 

Deceased, 1948 

Eitel, Emil 

Shillinglaw, David L. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Stebler, W. J. 

Thome, Mrs. James W. 

Weil, Morton M. 
Williams, Rowland L. 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Edmund B. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adam, R. R. • 

Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adesko, Mrs. 

Thaddeus V. 
Adler, Mrs. William S. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Aguinaldo, Miss Carmen 
Aitchison, Robert J. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alessio, Frank 
Alex, Harold R. 
Alexander, John F. 
Alger, Frederick W. 
Allais, Airs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Ameismaier, Julius 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Andersen, Mrs. Helen 

Anderson, Hugo A. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Appleton, Albert L 

Appleton, John Albert 
Appley, Lawrence A. 
Arado, A. D. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Arndt, Albert 
Arneson, H. D. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Clarice 
Arnold, Frank M. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arnolt, Kenneth 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Ashenhurst, John 
At wood, Carl E. 
Augustiny, Edward D. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach, Peter A. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailev, Warren G. 
Baird, E. E. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baldwin, C. M. 
Baldwin, George 
Baldwin, Dr. S. GHdden 
Baldwin, Airs. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Baiter, Aaron L. 

Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banks, Miss Ann R. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barker, Charles P 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, George 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, Lyman 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barrett, Timothy A. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barron, Maurice J. 
Barrowclough, George L. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Bas, Marvin J. 
Basler, Norbert 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Basten, Ray F. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman, John Sprague 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bav, Joseph T. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 



Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengston, Henry 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, Arnon N. 
Benson, Rev. Oscar A. 
Benson, Paul 
Benson, William A, 
Bentley, Claude R. 
Benton, Daniel L. 
Bere, Lambert 
Bergen, Garret L. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Irving 
Berman, Louis G. 
Berner, George 
Bernstein, George E. 
Beutel, Henry J. 
Beven, T. D. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Birmingham, Frederic A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bissell, Mrs. C. B. 
Bjork, Eskil L 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Dr. E. H. 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blaise, Mrs. Frank J. 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blewett, Quentin H., Jr. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 

Block, Alex W. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Bock, William G. 
Boening, Mrs. Louis A. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bond, Richard C. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfig, Henrv C. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borden, Gail 
Borland, C. A. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borman, Mrs. Emil 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bowes, Harlowe E. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Boyden, Mrs. William C. 
Bracken, Charles W. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Mrs. 

Chester T. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Charles C. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Breen, John A. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Breskin, Louis A. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Bright, Mrs. Orvillc T. 

Brock, Edson M. 
Broderick, W. J. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodow, W. B. 
Brooks, Arthur L. 
Broukstcjnc, Reuben F. 
Broude, Mrs. William S. 
Brown, Ale.xander 
Brown, David S. 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Browne, Mrs. Grace 

Browne, Leon S. 
Browning, John T. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Brush, Kenneth H. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Budd, John M. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bull, Otto E. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burnell, Edward J. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burrows, Robert 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Buswell, Guy T. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butterfield, George P. 
Butz, Mrs. Robert O. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Caldwell, Lvnton W. 
Callahan, B. K. 
Callan, T. J. 
Calvin, Frank J. 
Campbell, Charles H. 
Campbell, Che.sser M. 



Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Cantwell, L. Yager 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carleton, Horace M. 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carney, Robert F. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, Albert 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Casey, Rev. Joseph A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cassinerio, Mrs. Edna D. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cech, James F. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chase, Edward G. 
Chermayeff, Serge 
Cheskin, David B. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chimenti, Dante 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christiansen, Carl H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Cizinauskas, Henry 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, Chester J. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, James H. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, Miss O. M. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Barry J. 
Clifford J. S. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 

Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, Miss Marion W. 
Cole, Sander W. 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collier, John H. 
Collings, Charles H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combiths, Mrs. 

Wallace T. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D., Jr. 
Condon, E. J. 
Cone, Fairfax M. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conquest, Victor 
Conroy, D. A. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Coogan, Dr. T. J. 
Cook, Charles E. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Robert B. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cook, William V. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corey, Ernest F. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Costigan, Mrs. 

Eve Charles 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Covington, John R. 
Crage, Dr. Francis M. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craig, Arthur B. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Creden, Samuel G. 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew. Ben L. 
Crippen, Phillip R., Jr. 
Crites, Joe 

Crocker, Miss Edith E. 
Crowder, James L. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Culbertson, James G. 

Samuel A., II 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culpepper, Dr. 

William L. 
Culver, Charles G. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, Mrs. Tilden 

Cummings, Nathan 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curda, Frank R. 
Curry, Rev. James C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cutler, Paul William 

Dahl, William G. 
Dale, Arthur G. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Darr, H. S. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Donald 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davis, Arthur G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, Harry E. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Davis, W. DeO., Jr. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Deffenbaugh, Roy R. 
Dekker, Miss Louise 
Dempsey, John S. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickerson, Mrs. Fred G. 
Dickinson, Phil S. 
Diehl, Newcomb W. 
Diercks, Wilford R. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingeldein, Karl A. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Director, Harry J. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doddridge, Lee B. 
Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donnelley, Thorne 



Doolittle, John R. 
Doroshaw, J. M. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglas, William C. 
Douglass, F. S. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Dowell, Maynard 
Downey, John J. 
Downing, Dr. James R. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, Miss Alice 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Draper, Henry P. 
Draper, Mrs. Walter D. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dubkin, Leonard 
Dudak, Paul 
Dudley, Mrs. 

Raymond C. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, R. Gregory 
Durham, R. J. 
Durham, WiUiam E. 
DuVal, Edward R. 
Duval, Dr. Emile C. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, J. E. 
Dyon, Miss Jane 

Easter, Mrs. Donald W. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, PhiHp E. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Ehrlicher, James G. 
Eichin, Airs. Charles 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eirinberg, Robert 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 

Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Will S. 
Elson, Ale.x 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Endicott, George F. 
Engh, Arthur C. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Essley, E. Porter 
Etheredge, Gilbert 
Ettlinger, A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evans, John Ford 
Evans, Thomas W. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fair, Charles L. 
Fairchild, Edmund 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Fell, Peter V. 
Feld, Max 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferguson, H. K. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fiedler, Stuart O. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fifelski, Edwin P. 
Fifer, Russell 
Figueira, W. A. 
Finlay, Henry A., Jr. 
Finn, B. L. 

Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, G. Howard 
Fisher, Ira L 
Fisher, Mrs. Katrinka 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fisher, Mrs. Raymond 
Fishlove, Irving H. 
Fishman, Samuel 

Fisk, Albert 
Fitpold, Michael H. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzpatrick, James J. 
Flacks, Reuben S. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Fogo, Mrs. Hugh M. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Foley, Frank J. 
Forth, Milburn L. 
Fortin, Joseph T. 
Foss, Allan A. 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Franche, Mrs. 

Darius C, Sr. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Mrs. Lee 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenberg, Arthur E. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franklin, Egington 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Franz, Mrs. John N. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

George B. 
Fredrickson, Carl 
Fredrickson, J. Simon 
Freeman, Charles Y., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Friedman, Dr. 

Townsend B. 
Frothingham, Mrs. 

Naneen R. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhrer, Max 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 



Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Furedy, Frank 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Gallauer, William 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Gantner, Edward G. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaul, Hermann J., Sr. 
Gaw, George D. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Genther, Charles B. 
Geiger, Joseph S. 
Geiger, S. G. 
Gelder, Miss Madeline 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Giblin, John N. 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Giesbert, Mrs. Carl A. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilman, James W. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girard, Charles A. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glavin, Dr. Edmund M. 
Glenn, Robert R. 
Click, Edward R. 
Click, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Gluesing, Mrs. 

C. Edward 
Godchaux, Leon G. 
Coder, Joseph 
Godey, John W. 
Godie, A. L. 
Goes, Otto W. 
Goff, Moulton B. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 

Goldich, David E. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gorski, Martin 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grabbe, Werner H. 
Graff, Earl H. 
GrafRs, Herbert 
Grage, William 
Graham, John L. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graves, Dr. Robert 

Graw, Harry J. 
Grav, A. S. 
Gray, Carl R., Jr. 
Gray, E. Richmond 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Norman C. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Grein, Joseph 
Gresham, Mrs. Laura E. 
Griffin, Mrs. James A., Jr. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, F. A. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grosse, Richard H. 
Grove, C. G. 
Grove, Miss Helen H. 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gudis, Theodore B. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gunther, George E. 
Gurley, F. G. 

Gustafson, C. L 
Gustafson, Rev. David 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haas, Mrs. Caroline M. 
Hachmeister, A. W. 
Hackett, Mrs. 

Karleton S. 
Haddow, W^illiam 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagev, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Mrs. James J. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Cameron A. 
Hall, Clifford F. 
Hall, Mrs. Evelyn F. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halvorsen, Mrs. F. H. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammond, Stevens H. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hank, Bernard J. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hanses, Edward H. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Edward K. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hardy, Dr. Thomas E. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harper, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harpole, Louis 
Harrington, Miss 

Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, C. B. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 



Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haserodt, E. V. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathawav, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauck, Clayson J. 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, Gideon, Jr. 
Haynes, John Thompson 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Haywood, Ralph 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Heavey, John C. 
Hechler, Mrs. William D. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Hein, Paul S. 
Helgason, Arni 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, G. B. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henner, H. I. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Hennessey, William S. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Hensel, Paul G., Jr. 
Herman, Eli 
Herman, Maxwell R. 
Hershenson, Edward 
Hertwig, Fred A. 
Hertz, J. H. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetherington, Mrs. 

Murray D. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hewes, Howard H. 
Heyden, Edward B. 
Heyworth, Mrs. John R. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hickey, C. R. 
Hicks, Joseph W. 
Hildebrand, Walter H. 
Hilker, Carl 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Elmer C. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 

Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hilton, Howard H. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hinshaw, Hainer 
Hipskind, Donald F. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hoben, H. H. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hocking, Charles H. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hoefer, Max 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohenadel, Frank A. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, Mrs. I. B. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holgate, H. Nels 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holzman, Alfred 
Honor, Herzl W. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Irving A. 

William H., Jr. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Houser, A. M. 
Howard, Mrs. Edith 

Howard, Hubert E. 
Howell, William C. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 

Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humplireys, J. Ross 
Plumphrevs, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunncmann, Miss 

Almu M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Mrs. John A. 
Hurley, Kaymoiul J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hutchison, Dr. 

William A. 
Hutmacher, Ray R. 
Hutton, Frances 

Huxley, Henry M. 
Huxtable, Miss Barbara 

Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 
Ingram, Lawrence 
Ireland, Rav W. 
Ives, R. O. 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacky, Fred 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jaeobsohn, Master 

Richard Harvey 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jame.son, A. R. 
Janda, Joseph J. 
Janus, Christopher G. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jesmer, Julius 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
John.son, H. A. 
Johnson, Dr. Harvey C. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 



Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnson, Dr. Torrey M. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Bernard F. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Julian, John A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Fred S. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karp, Elmer H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Karras, Sidney G. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaspar, Ray 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kaye, Harry 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Keller, L C. 
Keller, M. J. 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kendall, Victor R. 
Kennedy, Dr. Fred A. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, James H. 
Kenney, Hugh D. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Ketcham, Leon J. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kidwell, Richard E. 
Kiefer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kilanowski, Mitchell 
Kilberry, F. H. 

Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kimball, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Mrs. John Lord 
King, Thomas R. 
King, Wilfred J. 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinnett, D. H. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirkman, Robert A. 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Knecht, Mrs. T. L. 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koenig, Dr. Z. C. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kollenberg, A. E. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Koltz, George C, Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Kort, George 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosner, Mrs. 

Jaroslava B. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Krogh, E. E. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Krotz, Harry W., Jr. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Kruse, W. K. 

Kuechenberg, W. A. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 

Laeey, Miss Clara R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Landis, Maxwell 
Landreth, John T. 
Lane, George A. 
Lane, Howard 
Laney, Seymour J. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Lange, Dr. WilHam H. 
Langen, Ray 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Laser, M. T. 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Launder, Ray S. 
Laven, C. L. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Law, M. A. 
LeBeau, C. A. 
Lee, A. Franklin 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Arthur K. 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leonard, Arthur G., Jr. 
Leonard, Arthur S. 
Leonard, John D. 
Lerch, William H. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levinson, John O. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levy, Harry W. 
Levy, Paul 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liffshin, Reuben J. 



Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lind, Paul B. N. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindenmeyer, Conrad A. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsey, Dr. Maude L. 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. K. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lloyd, WilUam B., Jr. 
Lochridge, Ben S. 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Dr. Frank 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Robert R. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loebe, David E. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loeser, Edward M. 
Loevenhart, Edward H. 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Loftus, Mrs. Clarence J. 
Logan, Waldo H. 
Logelin, Edward C, Jr. 
Lome, Philip 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Loring, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Low, John M. 
Lowitz, Joseph 
Lowry, Miss Caryl A. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lund, Harry A. 
Lundgren, T)t. Albert T. 
Lundgren, Sten J. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luthmers, Francis E. 

Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacArthur, Donald 
Macdonald, Miss 

MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macfarlane, Mrs. W. E. 
Mack, Joseph 
Mackenzie, Wentworth 

MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackie, N. S. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. O. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Manchester, Donald S. 
Mandeville, Maurice 
Mangan, R. K. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Frank E. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mannion, Michael H. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Manz, George R. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Markoff, William 
Marks, Dr. Louis M. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marrs, Dean 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Martin, Miss Blanche 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. John 

Sayre, Jr. 
Martin, Mrs. Louise 

C. M. 
Marx, Archibald B. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 

Matchett, Hugh .M. 
Mathi'wson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Mautncr, Leo A. 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
Maxwell, Lee R. 
May, Sol 

Maybrun, Arthur E. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Richard 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAllister, H. J. 
McAnlv, H. T. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCafTrev, J. L. 
McCain, Patrick D. 
McCaleb, Albert G. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCHntock, J. 0. 
McClurg, Verne 0. 
McCollum, C. E. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McDuffie, George J. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McErlean, Charles F. 
McGraw, John F. 
McGreevy, R. E. 
McGuigan, James V. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
Mclnerney, Joseph A. 
McKay, Dwight 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKee, William F. 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy. Keith B. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McLaurin, John M. 
McMahon, Miss 

Nellie G. 
McMaster, A. B. 
McNally, Frederick L. 




Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Miss Margie 
McNulty, James J. 
McPherson, David C. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Meadors, Mrs. Howard C. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E 
Meers, James D. 
Megan, Gravdon 
Mehaflfey, Robert V. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meiszner, John C. 
Mekler, L. A. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mell, William E. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Melum, H. William 
Mentzer, John P. 
Merkle, B. J. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Mesirow, H. G. 
Mesirow, Norman M. 
Metcalf, Gordon M. 
Metcoff, Eli 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Alfred C. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michaelsen, Christian S. 
Michels, Mrs. George 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Claude R. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
^liller, Gilbert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Harvev O. 
Miller, Karl B. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Mahlon D. 
Miller, Miss Marian 
IVIiller, Marvin D. 
Miller, Milton T. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, Willard M. 
Miller, William H. 
Milles, Leo H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Milliren, Glenn A. 
Mills, Ben 

Milnor, George S. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Harry L. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mitchell, Mrs.R. B. 
Mizen, Frederic 

Modene, Oscar F. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
M onsen, Myron T. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Harold T. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, John T. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Alorgan, Fred C. 
Morgaridge, K. E. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Mortimer, Charles A. 
Mortvedt, Rev. Ariel 0. 
Mossman, John E. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mudge, Frederick S. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian 
Muench, C. G. 
Muir, Edward G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mulford, Holbrook 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Mullin, Miss Frances AL 
Mullins, Harley W. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphv, Morgan F. 
Murphy, P. M. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nabat, A. S. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 

Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Nemer, Fred 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nichols, Donald E. 
Nichols, Dr. Harry 
Nielsen, Thorvald 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norman, Dr. F. E. 
Norman, Mrs. Hedwig 
Norris, Airs. James 
North, Airs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Norton, G. A. 
Norton, Thomas L. 
Norville, Leo T. 
Novak, Edward E. 
Novotnv, Richard R. 
Noyes, W. H., Jr. 
Nvhan, Thomas J. 
Nylander, Dr. Victor T. 

Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, AI. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. John S. 
O'Connor, Fred J. 
O'Connor, P. K. 
Odell, Jay G. 
Odell, Joseph R. 
Ogden, Walter Headden 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Mrs. David 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, James P. 
Oliver, Dr. Alarguerite 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Harvey W. 
Olson, Albert AI. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neal, Wendell 
O'Neal, William James 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Orschel, Albert K. 



Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Osburn, M. B. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
Overend, Robert B. 
Overmyer, Franklin R. 
Owen, Robert R. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Pallasch, Paul V. 

Palmer, Mrs. Claude 

Palmer, Curtis H. 

Pandaleon, Costa A. 

Parker, Austin H. 

Parker, Miss Edith P. 

Parks, Burritt A. 

Parks, Robey 

Parrott, George H. 

Patch, A. Huntington 

Patterson, W. A. 

Patterson, William F. 

Pauley, Clarence O. 

Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 

Payson, Randolph 

Peabody, Mrs. 

Pearce, Charles S. 

Pearson, Mrs. George 

Pederson, Alfred S. 

Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 

Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 

Pendergast, Frank 

Pendleton, Maurice B. 

Pennebaker, Elliott H. 

Penner, Louis L. 

Penner, Samuel 

Peponis, Arthur H. 

Perin, Reuben L. 

Perlman, I. B. 

Perlman, Morris 

Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 

Perreault, Earl E. 

Perry, Arthur C. 

Person, Dr. Allgot G. 

Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 

Peters, Dr. Fredus N. 

Peterson, V. W. 

Petrie, John 
\ Petrie, Morton H. 
! Pettibone, Holman D. 

Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 

Pflager, Charles W. 

Phelps, Erastus R. 

Phelps, William Henry 

Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
I Phillips, John Ward 
I Pier, H. M. 

Pillinger, Douglass 

Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 

Pirie, Mrs. S. C, Jr. 

Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Piatt, Robert 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plimpton, Miss Bonita V. 
Plotkin, Mrs. Oscar H. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold ^L 
Pond, M. C. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Mrs. S. Austin 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porte, James J. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Prada, William R. 
Praed, William G. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, J. H. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Ray W. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Press, Robert M. 
Preus, J. A. 0. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, John C. 
Price, Owen N. 
Priest, MacMillan 
Prietsch, Miss Mary 

Prince, William Wood 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 
Dorothy W. 
Randall, Frank A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 

Rau, John M. 
Rauh, Morris 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clidord S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Rober, M. D. 
Reddv, Mrs. Philip J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reese, Mrs. C. W. 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Rei chert, Hugh J. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Renholm, Harold A. 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reticker, Edward 
Revzan, Theodore 
Reynolds, Milton 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rhodes, Martin C. 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, Dr. Lloyd K. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Ritzwoller, Earle H. 
Rivenes, A. I. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, Miss 

Margaret A. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, Burke B. 
Roche, Mrs. Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockafellow, G. B. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
RodgL-r, John H. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 



Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rootberg, Philip 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. Joseph 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Ross, Earl 

Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Ralph H. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rosset, Harry 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Mrs. 

Maurice L. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryan, Mrs. Lawrence J. 
Ryder, F. W. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 
Ryser, Adolph 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sabath, Milton J. 
Sabin, Eben T. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saladin, Harry J. 
Salk, Miss Betsy Ruth 
Sallemi, James V. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Saltarelli, Dr. Gabriel 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampsell, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sando, E. E. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sandvold, Mrs. W. C. 
Sang, Bernard G. 
Sang, Philip D. 

Sapp, Warren H., Jr. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Thomas W. 
Sawicki, Michael J. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, 0. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scanlan, Thomas P. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schalla, Ralph W. 
Scheinfeld, Aaron 
Schelly, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Scheu, Ralph J. 
Schick, Miss Inez M. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, John 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Joseph M. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Scholl, Bertha M. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schott, Harold C. 
Schottenhamel, Mrs. 

Max P. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulman, Harry 
Schultz, Mrs. Arnold C. 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, William F. 
Schulz, George H. 
Schuman, J. R. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schuyler, L. H. 
Schwab, Raymond J. 
Schwab, Dr. Walford A. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwartz, Selwyn S. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Mario M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 

Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scovel, Harold F, 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Scudder, Mrs. William M. 
Scuderi, Mrs. Carlo 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Sears, A. T. 
Searles, Donald K. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segil, Harold T. 
Selbv, J. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, A. K. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Severson, D. O. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Walter S. 
Shapiro, Joseph R. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shay, Grant F. 
Shaykin, Dr. Jacob B. 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheffer, K. A. 
Sheldon, Walter M.. Jr. 
Shennan, A. G. 
Shepard, Robert Philip 
Sheppard, Joseph L. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieger, Joseph F. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Harry 
Silverstein, Milton 
Sima, Dr. Charles A. 
Simmons, William P. 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Albert H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Slamin, Henry A. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smart, David A. 
Smerz, E. J. 



Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith, Dr. H. Reginald 
Smith, H. S. 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Joseph Herbert 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, T. A. 
Snider, Dr. S. Sinclair 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somes, J. J. 
Sonne, Mrs. Fred T. 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Spark, David I. 
Sparr, Mrs. Caroline H. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert F. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spitz, M. W. 
Spivack, Dr. Julius L. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 
Stahmer, George F., II 
Staller, Joseph H. 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stanley, J. Paul 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stathas, P. P. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stemm, R. Edward 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Stephens, Miss Laura G. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, E. W. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevenson, Mrs. Adlai E. 

Stevenson, Lillian 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, E. E. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stoetzel, Herbert W. 
Stoffels, Oscar A. 
Stokes, Mrs. Edward J. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Stone, Saul 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storms, North 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Harry C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Joseph L. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swift, T. Philip 
Switzer, Mrs. James W. 
Sylvanus, Alfred 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Dr. Emmy 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 

Tadrowski, Anton J. 
Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Paul H. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tatman, James H. 
Taussig, Mrs. J. M. 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 

Tegarden, J. E. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Tcninga, .\lfrfd J. 
Tennev, Hi-nrv F. 
Tevis, Paul F." 
Thicl, Ravmond F. 

Thiele, George C. 
Thomas, .Mrs. 

John \V., Sr. 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard O. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Thurrott, J. Angus 
Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Timmings, G. H. 
Timpson, Airs. 

T. William 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tomhave, Mrs. 

William H. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Towne, Claude 
Towner, Mrs. Frank H. 
Townley, Mrs. Paula H. 
Townley, W. Fred 
Townsend, Hul)ert F. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William B. 
Traynor, William 

Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trier, Robert 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tuck, Walter R. 
Tucker, Irwin R. 
Tucker, J. C. 
Turnbull, Mrs. George C. 
Turner, Mrs. 

Christopher F. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 



Unwin, Mrs. Parkinson 
Urban, Andrew 
Ursin, Mrs. Ben E. 
Utiey, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanBuskirk, M. G. 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velde, James A. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vincent, James L. 
Vineyard, Philip W. 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogel, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 

vonPerbandt, Mrs. Louis 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wade, Glenn D. 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Wain, Mrs. Philip H. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldstein, Herman S. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. James M. 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallace, George H. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Edward M. 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterhouse, Paul G. 
Watkins, Frank A. 

Watling, John 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Weary, Allen M. 
Weaver, R. B. 
Weaver, Sheldon A. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Maurice 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Miss Dorothy 
Weidert, William C. 
Weil, Mrs. Benjamin 
Weil, David M. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George H. 
Weinress, Morton 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weiser, Frederick S. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welch, R. T. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Alfred C. 
West, James D. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westerlin, Mrs. J. M. 
Wetten, Walton 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheelock, Miss Ellen P. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whipple, Mrs. Jay N. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whitaker, James E. 
White, Mrs. Harold R. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Whitney, Emerson C. 
Whyte, W. J. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wick, William D. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wigdahl, Edward H. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilcox, Edward B. 
Wilcox, Mrs. Harold C. 

Wilcoxson, Mrs. 

Arthur L. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Mrs. Edwin G. 
Wilhelm, Mrs. Frank E. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Mrs. 

Allan C, Jr. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, Russell V. 
Willingham, G. J. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, H. Fred 
Wilson, Holmes 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Miss S. Edna 
Wincher, John A. 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, Herman 
Wise, James E. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Witkowsky, James 
Witt, Earl J. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Miss Aileen 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, Arthur H. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, S. Roger 
Worthy, Mrs. James C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wright, Mrs. R. G. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, William H. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
York, Melvin S. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 



Youngren, W. W. 
Youngsma, T. S. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 

Barron, John F. 
Belden, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Brady, Earl J. 

Degener, August W. 

Eitel, Robert J. 
Eulass, E. A. 

Fowler, Gordon F. 

Goldsmith, Henry M. 

Zelezny, John G. 
Zelzer, Harrv 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 

Deceased, 1948 

Goldsmith, Melvin'_M. 

Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Healy, John J. 

Kaufmann, Charles D. 

Latimer, William L. 

Monroe, Walter D. 

Zipse, F]d\vin W. 
Zischke, Herman 
Zitzewitz, KhniT K. 
ZoUa, Abiier M. 
Zusser, Maurice M., Dr. H. M. 

Schobingcr, Miss ELsie 
Schulzc, Paul 
Shirk, Miss Lydia E. 
Stibgen, Geary V. 

Wacker, Fred G. 
Webster, James 
West, Mrs. Mary Lavelle 
Woltersdorf, Arthur F. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of lUinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henrv Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. iMcClurg. James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Tavlor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ] 

J- ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1S93. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for lUinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the oflice of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident As.sociate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are .selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services purfornuHi 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate stall' officers in the scientific 1 )epart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free di.stribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 


Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall'consist of not less^than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-of!icio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.