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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

'LIBRARY 

OF THE 
U N 1 VERS ITY 
Of ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 
1949-55 



CENTRAL CIRCULATION BOOKSTACKS 

The person charging this material is re- 
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below. You may be charged a minimum 
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Theft, mutilation, and underlining of boelcs are reason* 
for dkcipilnary action and may result In dismissal from 
the University. 
TO RENEW CALL TELEPHONE CENTER, 333-S400 

UNIVERSITY OF ILIINOIS LIBRARY AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 



MAY n 1995 

MAY 1 5 !995 



When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date, LI 62 



1^ 



ANISIUAL 
REPORT 



1949 



Chicago Natural History Museum 




Fabian Bachrach 



ALBERT B. DICK, JR. 
Second Vice-President of the Museum 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1936, now serving on 
the Executive Committee and the Finance Committee 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to the 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1949 




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 

JANUARY 1950 
>Ht LIBRARY OF THE 

SEP « ^ 1950 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 






Contents 

PAGE 

Former Officers 10 

Former Members OF THE Board OF Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1949 12 

List of Staff, 1949 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 20 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 22 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 25 

Department of Anthropology 30 

Department of Botany 40 

Department of Geology 44 

Department of Zoology 51 

Library 60 

Photography and Illustration 63 

Motion Pictures 64 

Publications and Printing 64 

Public Relations 66 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 84 

Financial Statements 86 

Attendance and Door Receipts 87 

Accessions, 1949 88 

Members of the Museum 101 

Benefactors 101 

Honorary Members 101 

Patrons 101 

Corresponding Members 102 

Contributors 102 

Corporate Members 103 

Life Members 104 

Non-Resident Life Members 105 

Associate Members 105 

Non-Resident Associate Members 119 

Sustaining Members 119 

Annual Members 120 

Articles of Incorporation 134 

Amended By-Laws 136 



Illustrations 

PAGE 

Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President frontispiece 

Chicago Sky Line, from the Museum 9 

Chicago Natural History Museum 18 

Raymond Foundation Tour for School Children 22 

Portable Exhibits, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 25 

Orchid Exhibit, Stanley Field Hall 27 

Northern Woodlands Indians, Men's Costumes 30 

Three Pines Pueblo, New Mexico 32 

Shell Gorget 35 

Northern Woodlands Indians, Women's Costumes 39 

Wood or Shield Fern 40 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus of Botany 43 

Devonian Coral Reef 44 

Remounting Eryops, from University of Chicago Collection 46 

Ordovician Sea 50 

Class in Cranial Morphology of Vertebrates 51 

Unpacking Collections from the Philippines 53 

William J. Gerhard, Curator of Insects 55 

Alaska Brown Bears 59 

Letter from a Series Written by Charles Darwin 60 

Sumacs ^" 

Art Students in Museum 69 

Antioch Students '''1 

Grammar-school Students and Teacher 75 

4-H Club Delegates 80 

Children's Lunchroom 83 




Chicago Natural History Museum, formerly Field Museum of Natural History, faces 
Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive. It is open every day except Christmas and 
New Year's Day and may be reached by elevated or surface railv^'ays, South Shore 
and Illinois Central suburban trains, or bus. There is ample free parking space. 



SKY LINE, FROM THE NORTH TERRACE 



Fo 



rmer 



Off 



icers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 



* Deceased 



10 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 

1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 



Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 

1921-1931 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 



Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 



* Deceased 



11 



Officers^ Trustees^ and Committees^ 1949 



OFFICERS 



BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES 



COMMITTEES 



Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

John P. 



Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert H. Wetten 
Wilson 



Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, 
Albert H. Wetten, Henry P. Isham 

Building^ kVoert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field, Boardman Conover 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 



12 



List of Staff, 1949 



DIRECTOR 



DEPUTY DIRECTOR 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ANTHROPOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 



Clifford C. Gregg 



John R. Millar 



Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 
Archaeology 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Ethnology 
Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Archaeology 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 

Wilton M. Krogman, Research Associate, Physical 

Anthropology 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Prehistory 
Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant, Archaeology 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 
Paul J. Warner, Preparator 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 
Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

Harold Hinshaw,* Assistant, Herbarium 

George A. Davis, Assistant, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Jose Cuatrecasas, Curator, Colombian Botany 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 



* Resigned, 1949 



13 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 

(Continued) 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

GEOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 



Hugh C. Cutler, Curator, Economic Botany 

Llewelyn Williams, Associate, Forest Products 

J. S. D ASTON, Assistant, Botany 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Assistant, Plant Reproduction 

Frank Boryca, Assistant, Plant Reproduction 

Mathias Dones, Preparator 

Edith M. Vincent, Departmental Secretary 



Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 
Vertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Assistant Curator, Fossil Plants 

R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 

Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Henry Horback, Preparator 

William D. Turnbull, Preparator 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 

Kent Jones,* Preparator 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

John Conrad Hansen, Artist 

Joanne Neher, Departmental Secretary 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 

Rudyerd Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 



♦Resigned, 1949 



14 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 

(Continued) 



ASSOCIATE 
EDITORS 



DEPARTMENT OF 

THE N. W. HARRIS 

PUBLIC SCHOOL 

EXTENSION 



JAMES NELSON 

AND 

ANNA LOUISE 

RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION 



LoREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Robert Kanazawa, Assistant, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Assistant, Vertebrate Anatomy 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist 

Kenneth Woehlck, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

James E. Trott,* Artist-Preparator 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 



Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Mary P. Murray, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 



Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Leonard Rosenthal, Preparator 



Miriam Wood, Chief 
June Buchwald 
Lorain Farmer 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Sharpe 
Anne Stromquist 



* Resigned, 1949 



15 



THE LAYMAN 
LECTURER 

THE LIBRARY 



ACCOUNTING 



ADMINISTRATION 
AND RECORDS 



PUBLIC 

RELATIONS 

COUNCIL 

DIVISION OF 
MEMBERSHIPS 

DIVISIONS OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

AND 
ILLUSTRATION 



DIVISION OF 
MOTION PICTURES 



DIVISION OF 
PRINTING 



Paul G. Dallwigj 

Meta p. Howell, Librarian 
Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian Emerita 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian EmeritaX 
Eunice Marthens Gemmill, Associate Librarian 
Louise Boynton, Assistant Librarian 
Dawn Davey, Assistant Librarian 
Winifred E. Weissman, Assistant Librarian 
M. Eileen Rocourt, Assistant Librarian 



William A. Bender, Auditor 
Benjamin Bridge, Auditor Emeritus 
A. L. Stebbins, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



SusAN M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert, Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 



H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Herman Abendroth, Photographer 
John Bayalis, Assistant Photographer 
Norma Lockwood,* Illustrator 
Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 

John W. Moyer, in charge 



Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 



t On leave 

t Retired, 1949 

* Resigned, 1949 



16 



MAINTENANCE 



ENGINEERING 



THE GUARD 



James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. NoREN, Assistant Superintendent 



William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 



David J. Conwill, Captain 



17 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1949. 

Care and preservation of the building and its contents came in 
for major study, which resulted in heavy expenditures being made 
to block the ravages of time and climate. Early in the year it be- 
came evident that the Museum heating plant, more than thirty years 
old, would require rebuilding or replacement because of hard usage 
and obsolescence. A contract was thereupon entered into for new 
modern boilers that were estimated approximately to cost $182,000. 
Of this sum, $130,791.52 was paid out during 1949, $10,000 being 
charged to current operating expenses and the balance of $120,791.52 
being charged to a previously established "Reserve for Depreciation 
of Mechanical Plant." The reserve fund declined during the year 
from $208,572.99 to $87,782.78. As a result of the change the 
Museum's heating equipment is in superior condition, and, owing 
to the greater efficiency of modern boilers, economies are being 
realized in lower costs of fuel and maintenance charges. 

Gradual settling of the filled land surrounding the Museum had 
during the past thirty-five years brought about a sinking of the 
terrace walks to a point where they had become uneven and, in 
some measure, dangerous. The situation was remedied by the 
application of a black top-covering that, in addition to giving safe 

19 



and ample approaches to the building, provided a completely water- 
proof topping to the areas affected. The installation of air-con- 
ditioning equipment promises longer life to the Museum's extensive 
collection of motion-picture films and photographic negatives by 
controlling both the heat and the humidity in the storage area. 
Continuation of tuckpointing and the addition of lightning-rod pro- 
tection completes the program of building rehabilitation undertaken 
as soon after the war as it was possible to obtain materials. Except 
for changes necessitated by expansion and operating requirements 
the maintenance of the building in the immediate future, while still 
extensive, may be looked upon as normal. 

TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

Stanley Field, President of Chicago Natural History Museum, was 
re-elected at the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January 
to serve for his forty-first consecutive year. All other officers were 
Hkewise re-elected. They are: Marshall Field, First Vice-President; 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President; Samuel Insull, Jr., Third 
Vice-President; Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, 
Secretary; and John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary. 

MEMBERSHIP 

It is regretted that only a slight net increase can be reported for 
1949 in the number of new Members of the Museum. The total 
number of Members at the close of 1949 was 4,782. The number of 
Members in each membership classification was as follows: Bene- 
factors — 23; Honorary Members — 8; Patrons — 18; Corresponding 
Members — 6; Contributors — 168; Corporate Members — 41; Life Mem- 
bers — 168; N on-Resident Life Members — 15; Associate Members — • 
2,336; N on-Resident Associate Members — 11; Sustaining Members — 
22; Annual Members — 1,966. The names of all Members of the 
Museum in 1949 are listed at the end of this Report. 

Grateful appreciation is here expressed to the Members of the 
Museum for loyal support that has helped to make possible the prog- 
ress and continuation of the work of this institution. An expression 
of appreciation for past support is given also to those Members who, 
for various reasons, found it necessary to discontinue their mem- 
berships. It is hoped that whenever they find it favorable to do so 
they will again become Members and resume their association with 
the activities of the Museum. 

20 



LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

The popularity of the lecture programs for adults presented by the 
Museum in spring and fall is indicated by an increased attendance 
this year of almost 4,000 people, the total recorded attendance for 
the year being 18,888. It is interesting to note the great improve- 
ment in quality of portrayal that has taken place over a period of 
years. When the Museum began its series of lectures late in the 
19th century, the presentations were either unillustrated or illus- 
trated with black-and-white slides. Later the 35mm motion picture 
brought about a complete change in our offerings, while today the 
lectures are habitually illustrated either with color slides or 16mm 
motion pictures in color. So, too, the technical lecture has given 
way to lectures that present scientifically accurate information in 
language readily acceptable to the general public. The lectures this 
year, as usual, offered a wide range of subject matter. 

ATTENDANCE 

For the twenty-third successive year attendance at the Museum 
exceeded a million. The total number of visitors in 1949 was 
1,145,359, of which number 1,002,580 were admitted without charge 
because they came on free admission days or belonged to classifica- 
tions admitted free on all days — school children, students, teachers, 
members of the armed forces of the United Nations, and Members 
of this Museum. (For comparative attendance statistics and door 
receipts for 1948 and 1949, see page 87.) 

The number of out-of-Chicago school groups visiting the Museum 
during the spring months reached an all-time high in May of 1949. 
These groups, which each year are steadily increasing in number as 
regular visitors of the Museum, come by bus, train, and automobile, 
and many of them start at three or four o'clock in the morning in 
order to spend a day in the Museum. Members of 4-H Clubs repre- 
senting communities in Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and all parts of the 
United States, who win their trips to the International Livestock 
Exposition in Chicago by constructive work in their own 4-H 
Clubs, again were welcome visitors in the Museum. Of all the young 
people who visited the Museum during the year these 1,200 teen-age 
boys and girls were among the most appreciative and by their conduct 
demonstrated their qualifications as chosen leaders. The Museum 
was host also to a number of organizations, among them the 
American Association of Museums during its annual meeting in 
Chicago and the Illinois Audubon Society. 

21 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation has 
continued its ever-widening plan of offering programs and infor- 
mation of all kinds to individuals and groups both in the Museum 
and in its extension service. These programs consist of many com- 
binations of tours, lectures, motion pictures, demonstrations, printed 
stories, radio stories, and illustrated extension lectures in the schools. 

Many revisions and additions were made in the extension- 
lecture series. One lecture, "Chicago's Green Mantle," was com- 
pletely reorganized with the addition of an excellent color motion- 
picture of the growth and movement of plants. One entirely new 
lecture, "Indian Folk Art," was added. This lecture demonstrates 
in still and motion pictures how art was an integral part of the daily 
and ceremonial life of the North American Indians. Two series of 
"Museum Stories for Children" were published in connection with 
the spring and fall series of motion pictures for children. The spring 



Following a Raymond Foundation tour of the halls and a lecture on fossil plants 
and animals, school children point out fossils in the marble of the Museum floor. 




22 



series, on living giants, described the biggest mammal, snake, lizard, 
bird, fish, invertebrate, tree, and grass. The fall series was on 
children of Indian America and included stories about the children 
of the clifi" dwellers, Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas. 

Raymond Foundation again co-operated with the Radio Council 
of the Chicago Public Schools in presenting eight programs in the 
Museum following radio broadcasts. These programs provided 
additional information on the radio subjects as well as opportunity 
for the students to see and study the materials discussed. Co-opera- 
tion continued with radio station WCFL, from which a weekly 
children's story is broadcast on "Children's Corner." Fifty-one 
stories were written for this program and broadcast during the year. 
A television sketch on primitive hats was presented just before 
Easter over station WGN-TV. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, follows: 

RAYMOND FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES 
Activities within the Museum 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 826 26,768 

Radio follow-up programs 8 945 

Lectures preceding tours 64 4,721 

Motion-picture programs 30 25,866 

Total 928 58,300 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 386 6,995 

Total 386 6,995 

Extension Activities 

Chicago public schools 

Elementary schools 105 36,729 

High schools 3 468 

Special schools 1 275 

Chicago private schools 2 215 

Suburban schools 1 300 

Miscellaneous 1 50 

Total 113 38,037 



Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,427 103,332 

23 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

S. C. Johnson and Sons, Incorporated, of Racine, Wisconsin, gave 
$4,000 to the Museum to be used for research on wax-bearing palms. 
Elmer J. Richards and Donald Richards, Research Associate in 
Cryptogamic Botany, of Chicago, each made an additional gift of 
$5,000 to be used for the purchase of specimens for the cryptogamic 
herbarium. A. Rush Watkins, of Chicago, added $2,000 to The 
Rush Watkins Zoological Expedition Fund. Dr. Maurice L. Richard- 
son, of Lansing, Michigan, added $1,250 to The Maurice L. Richard- 
son Paleontological Fund. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, a 
Patron of the Museum, again gave $500. Peder A. Christensen, of 
San Francisco, made an additional gift of money. Accretions for 
the year in trust funds were: from the estate of Mrs. Abby K. 
Babcock, $284.27 for The Frederick Reynolds and Abby Kettelle 
Babcock Fund; from the estate of Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers, $666.67 
for The Joan A. Chalmers Fund; and from the estate of Martin A. 
Ryerson, $704.47 for The Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Fund. The 
Museum received $32,000 from Stanley Field, its President; 
$10,000.51 from Marshall Field, First Vice-President, for the Mar- 
shall Field Fiftieth Anniversary Fund; and $3,391.57 from Board- 
man Conover, Trustee and Research Associate in the Division of 
Birds. Other gifts of money were received from Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, 
Associate, Division of Birds; Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor, 
Scientific Publications; Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate in Zoology; 
Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology; Clarence B. Randall, 
Trustee; and Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, Director. 

In recognition of eminent service to the Museum in repeated 
assistance to various expeditions from the Museum, Brother Leon 
(Joseph S. Sauget y Barbier), of the Museo de Historia Natural del 
Colegio de La Salle, Vedado, Havana, distinguished Cuban botanist, 
was elected by the Board of Trustees a Corresponding Member of 
the Museum, the membership designation for scientists or patrons 
of science residing in foreign countries who have rendered important 
service to the Aluseum fsee page 102 for names of Corresponding 
Members). Donors who give or devise to the IMuseum between 
$1,000 and $100,000 in money or materials are elected by the Board 
of Trustees to a special membership classification designated as 
"Contributors" and their names are enrolled in perpetuity (see 
page 102 for names of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1949 
are: Walther Buchen, of Chicago; Henry S. Dybas, Assistant Curator 
of Insects; John W. Moyer, Chief of the Division of Motion Pictures; 
and Mrs. L. B\Ton Nash, of Highland Park, Illinois. Mr. Buchen 

24 



gave zoological specimens and $1,158.83 in cash; Assistant Curator 
Dybas, natural-history specimens and books; Mr. Moyer, natural- 
history specimens, books, and motion-picture film; and Mrs. Nash, 
Polynesian ethnological specimens and an exhibition case. A com- 
plete list of gifts of materials from individuals and institutions 
appears elsewhere in this Report. Some of the collections are 
described under the headings of the scientific departments. 

THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

Half a million Chicago school children know Chicago Natural History 
Museum chiefly through the portable exhibits prepared and main- 
tained by the Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Exten- 
sion. These exhibits, which are circulated on a planned schedule of 
regular rotation among Chicago schools, are designed both for free 
observation and for directed study. Most of them deal with bio- 
logical subjects. During the ten school months of the year two 
exhibits are delivered every tenth school day to each school on the 
circulation list, and the two exhibits left on the previous routine 
visit are taken away and delivered to the next school in the rotation. 



Benjamin Cascard and Chris Priesmeyer load exhibition cases into one of the new 
trucks of the N. W. Harris Extension Department for delivery to schools of Chicago. 




25 



This plan assures that there will be no repetition of exhibits in any 
school over a period of several years. In a school year seventeen 
exchanges are made; that is, each school receives thirty-four exhibits. 
Five hundred and four schools and social-service institutions were 
receiving Harris Extension service at the close of 1949. 

In past practice the four drivers who deliver Harris Extension 
exhibits on school days repaired damage to cases and assisted in 
the preparation of new exhibits on Saturday mornings. With the 
adoption of a five-day work week for the Museum staff in the summer 
of 1949 the delivery schedule was revised so that the services of 
the men would be available in the workshop every tenth school day 
and yet each school would receive the same number of exhibits as 
under the old schedule. After thirteen years of duty the two trucks 
used to deliver the exhibits were replaced in June by two half-ton 
panel trucks. During the summer the Museum maintenance staff 
equipped the interiors of the new trucks with the racks and rubber 
padding essential to efficient and safe transportation of exhibits. 

Eight new exhibits were prepared in 1949, and seven were revised. 
Repairs were made on 313 cases. Thirty exhibits were damaged in 
circulation, a more normal figure than the high number of forty-six 
reported for 1948. Special loans of exhibit material other than the 
standard portable cases amounted to thirty-four for the year. 

SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

A special exhibit on the occasion of the 140th anniversary of the 
birth of Charles Darwin was held in February in Stanley Field Hall 
to display the series of eighteen letters by Charles Darwin that was 
presented to the Museum in 1948 by the estate of the late Mrs. 
Charles V. Riley. The letters (nine in Darwin's hand and nine by 
an amanuensis) are addressed to Benjamin D. Walsh, of Rockford, 
Illinois, Darwin's one zoological correspondent in the Middle West. 
Various memorabilia collected by Museum expeditions that followed 
Darwin's travels in Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, and the Galapagos 
Islands were available for the exhibit. Darwin's fox from Chiloe 
Island, for example, was obtained at the type locality by the late 
Wilfred H. Osgood, for many years Chief Curator of Zoology, and 
"Darwin's lost bird" from Uruguay was rediscovered in 1926 after 
nearly one hundred years by Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals. 
The exhibit of Darwiniana was planned and installed by Mrs. 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate in the Division of Birds, with the aid of 
other members of the staff (see page 60). 

26 





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One of the special exhibits in Stanley Field Hall displayed water-color paintings 
of orchids by H. Gilbert Foote in combination with living plants furnished by the 
courtesy of William C. Blaesmg and Merton C. Logsdon, of Chicago Park District. 



During the year the Department of Botany prepared or assisted 
with four special exhibits: water-color paintings of California flowers 
by Miss Ethelynde Smith, on exhibit in April; a case demonstrating 
present methods of making plant models, prepared in connection 
with the forty-fourth annual meeting of the American Association 
of Museums, on exhibit during May; dawn-redwood material, on 
exhibit during July; and a group of fifty life-size water-color paintings 
of orchids shown in combination with a display of a series of living 
plants furnished by the Chicago Park District, on exhibit in No- 
vember. Other special exhibits during the year were the Fourth 
Chicago International Exhibition of Nature Photography, held 
under the auspices of the Nature Camera Club of Chicago and the 
Museum; drawings and paintings done directly from Museum ex- 
hibits by students of the Junior School of the Art Institute of 
Chicago; and anatomical models of the common malaria mosquito. 
Additions to the permanent exhibits of the Museum are described 
in this Report under the headings of the scientific departments. 

27 



PERSONNEL 

James E. Trott, Artist-Preparator in the Division of Insects, Depart- 
ment of Zoology, began leave of absence in March and resigned 
from the staff of the Museum in September. Mrs. Mary W. Baker, 
Associate Librarian Emerita, who came to the Museum in 1930 as 
Assistant Librarian, retired at the end of March. Harold Hinshaw, 
Assistant in the Herbarium, Kent Jones, Preparator in Geology, and 
Miss Norma Lockwood, Staff Illustrator, resigned during the year. 

George Langford, Assistant in the Division of Fossil Plants, 
Department of Geology, was promoted to Assistant Curator, and 
Henry U. Taylor was appointed Preparator in Geology. George A. 
Davis was appointed Assistant in the Herbarium, Department of 
Botany. Robert F. Inger, Assistant in the Division of Amphibians 
and Reptiles, Department of Zoology, was transferred to the Division 
of Fishes as Assistant Curator, and Robert Kanazawa was made 
Assistant. The title of Harry Hoogstraal was changed from Assistant 
Curator of Insects to Field Associate in Zoology. Douglas E. 
Tibbitts, temporary assistant in the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, 
was appointed Staff Illustrator on November 1. Mrs. Anne Strom- 
quist, formerly associated with New York Botanical Garden, joined 
the staff of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
in February. Mrs. Eunice M. Gemmill, Assistant Librarian, was 
promoted on January 1 to Associate Librarian. Miss Hilda Nord- 
land, of the Recorder's office, was given the title of Assistant Re- 
corder, and Harold M. Grutzmacher, of the Division of Printing, 
was made Assistant to the Chief of that Division. 

It is with regret that I record the death of three Museum 
pensioners and one Museum employee: E. S. Abbey, former Captain 
of the Guard, who retired in 1947 after more than forty years of 
service; C. H. Carpenter, former Chief Photographer, who retired 
in 1947 after almost fifty years of service; Joseph Freeman, retired, 
formerly assistant engineer; and Carl Gervens, plant mounter in 
the Department of Botany, employed by the Museum since 1924. 

The Museum thanks its volunteer workers for their faithful con- 
tribution of time and effort. Names of some of them are included 
in the List of Staff at the beginning of this Report, where they 
are designated by the titles "Research Associate" and "Associate." 
Other volunteers in 1949, not in that list, are: Department of Anthro- 
pology — Miss Rose Marie Allen, Mrs. Harvey Bumgardner, Leo 
Shigut; Department of Botany — Miss Margaret Feigley; Department 
of Zoology — Gus Kalous, Edward Palencsar. 

28 



EXPEDITIONS 

The Museum had eighteen expeditions in the field during 1949. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. Expeditions of 1949, including those expedi- 
tions that left for the field in 1948 and have not yet returned to the 
Museum, are as follows: 

Department of Anthropology: Mexican (Sonora) Archaeo- 
logical Expedition — conducted by Donald J. Lehmer, University of 
Chicago Museum Fellow in Anthropology; Micronesian Anthropo- 
logical Expedition, 191^9-50 — conducted by Dr. Alexander Spoehr, 
Curator of Oceanic Ethnology; Southwest Archaeological Expedition — 
conducted by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator. 

Department of Botany: Cuban Botanical Expedition — con- 
ducted by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus; Cuban Botanical 
Field Trip — conducted by Curator Emeritus Dahlgren; Eastern 
States Botanical Field Trip — conducted by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, 
Associate Curator of the Herbarium; Gulf States Botanical Expedi- 
tion, 19It.8-Jf.9 — conducted by Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Crypto- 
gamic Botany; Middle Central Aynerican Botanical Expedition, 
19Jf.8-50 — conducted by Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Her- 
barium; New York State Botanical Field Trip — conducted by Dr. 
Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany; Southwestern Botanical 
Expedition — conducted by Curator Cutler. 

Department of Geology: Eastern States Invertebrate Paleonto- 
logical Expedition — conducted by Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator; 
Tennessee Invertebrate Paleontological Field Trip — conducted by 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates; Western 
Paleontological Expedition — conducted by Dr. Robert H. Denison, 
Curator of Fossil Fishes. 

Department of Zoology: Colombian Zoological Expedition, 
19Ji.8-50 — conducted by Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of 
Mammals; Rush Watkins Siamese Zoological Expedition — conducted 
by A. Rush Watkins and Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals; 
Southeastern States Zoological Field Trip — conducted by Henry S. 
Dybas, Assistant Curator of Insects; Southeastern States Zoological 
Field Trip — conducted by Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians 
and Reptiles; United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, 
Cairo, Egypt, 194-9-50 — Harry Hoogstraal (in charge, Sudan Sub- 
Station), Field Associate, Museum representative. 

29 




A new exhibit for Hall 5 shows men's costumes of Northern Woodlands Indians. 



Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

Archaeological researches were conducted in Pine Lawn Valley in 
the Apache National Forest of western New Mexico under a permit 
issued to Chicago Natural History Museum by the Forest Service, 
United States Department of Agriculture. The excavations, com- 
menced in June and continued until late September, were under 
the direction of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator. Assisting him 
were Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, Dr. Ernst 
Antevs, Research Associate in Glacial Geology, and two students, 
W. T. Egan and James Barter. 

The Pine Lawn Valley of western New Mexico was chosen for 
field work because it lies in the heart of the Southwest. This region 
has largely been unexplored archaeologically and for this reason our 
work there has proved fruitful beyond measure. The Mogollon cul- 
ture, a fairly recent discovery, has become better known through 
the researches and publications of this Museum. The report of our 
work of 1949, when published, will throw even more light on the 
development of this culture. 

30 



The objectives of the 1949 expedition were: (1) to excavate 
several pueblos of the Reserve period, which is tentatively dated 
at about A.D. 900 1000 (stone-walled surface houses first occur in 
Pine Lawn Valley in the Reserve period) ; (2) to continue the search 
for more evidence of the cultural remains of Early Man; and (3) to 
hunt for deposits of cultural materials indicating human occupation 
that might help close the gap in our time-scale of 800 B.C. to A.D. 500 
(the estimated date of the SU site). 

Three pueblos containing a total of twenty rooms were completely 
excavated. These pueblos were named Wet Leggett Pueblo, Three 
Pines Pueblo, and South Leggett Pueblo. In addition, while search- 
ing for the cemeteries and ceremonial rooms of these pueblos, three 
early pit rooms were found. These, too, were completely excavated. 

Briefly summed up, these excavations added enormously to the 
knowledge of the prehistory of this area and of the time-period of 
A.D. 900-1000. Previous to this era the Mogollon Indians had lived 
in underground structures called pit houses and had produced pottery 
that was typically Mogollon — namely, red-on-white ware. In the 
Reserve period we find that the centuries-long isolation of the 
Mogollon people had been breached. Influences from without — 
probably from the northern part of New Mexico — had penetrated 
the Mogollon stronghold and had profoundly changed the existing 
culture patterns. Surface houses of contiguous rooms built with 
masonry walls were introduced. Thereafter the people lived in multi- 
roomed surface houses instead of isolated, underground pit houses. 

A surface house, in effect, constituted a small village, and that 
mode of life probably entailed changes in the social organization of 
the Mogollon Indians. Not the least important of these social 
changes would be the need for some governmental mechanisms, 
such as chiefs or councils or both. No longer could each family go 
its own way. Forms of social control with which to co-ordinate 
effort and reduce friction in a larger and more compact community 
would be needed. Habits of co-operation would develop. Farming 
would probably be done communally. This might produce a greater 
food supply, and this in turn would create more stability and a 
somewhat greater density of population. Since all the time of all 
the population would not be needed for food production, some 
energies could be devoted to the development of specialties — such 
as pottery-making, weaving, basket-making, architecture, art, re- 
ligion, politics. All the patterns of human relationships were 
probably changed by this invasion of ideas or of people from the 
north. Although these small towns were distinctly rural, yet they 

31 



had started along the road toward urbanism, speciaHzations, different 
roles (ruler and ruled, priests, artisans, etc.), and co-ordination of 
human efforts. 

Thus, in these humble ruins one can observe the very first 
faltering steps that man took on the way toward civilization. 
The road to civilization is fraught with many uncertainties; the 
Mogollon Indians never attained this goal because enough time was 
not available. Shortly after their start on this road they were 
forced to abandon the Pine Lawn Valley and all adjacent areas. The 
reasons for this exodus are unknown at the present time. This is 
one of the ultimate problems that Chief Curator Martin and Dr. 
Rinaldo are seeking to solve. Where the Mogollon Indians went is 
likewise unknown, although Dr. Martin conjectures that they might 
have joined some other village or tribe and thus have been absorbed. 
This is a problem for future research. 

Dr. Antevs continued his climatological studies of the Pine 
Lawn Valley to check the work and conclusions of past summers. 
This was important because heavy precipitation during the winter 







k 



i 



A general view of Three Pines 
Pueblo, New Mexico, shows 
remains of an earlier wooden 
house (see rows of post holes) 
and stone walls put up later, 
dated at about A. D. 1000. 



32 



of 1948 49 had changed the exposures in the arroyos and uncovered 
more strata. With the aid of Dr. Rinaldo, twenty more stone tools 
of the Cochise culture (about 1500 B.C. to about 800 B.c.j were 
recovered in these geological studies. 

In this connection, a most important discovery was made — the 
finding of the floor of a Cochise house or camp site. The area that 
showed irrefutable proof of occupation was small, perhaps seven 
feet in diameter. It is possible that this floor, on which two Cochise- 
type grinding stones were found, may have been roofed over by a 
tent of skins or possibly of brush. This is the first Cochise "house" 
found in the area. Now, it is known that the Pine Lawn Valley was 
occupied by the Cochise people from about 1500 B.C. to about 800 
B.C. and by their descendants, the Mogollon people, from about 
A.D. 500 to about a.d. 1300. However, one puzzling problem re- 
mains: was the Pine Lawn Valley occupied continuously from 800 B.C. 
to A.D. 500? On the basis of indirect evidence. Chief Curator 
Martin and Dr. Rinaldo feel strongly that the answer should be in 
the affirmative, but as yet no cultural remains of human occupation 
for this period have been discovered. Another puzzling item is 
the absence of kivas (ceremonial rooms). To date, none have been 
found for the villages of the Reserve period. 

In April the Museum Press issued Cochise and Mogollon Sites, 
Pine Lawn Valley, Western New Mexico by Chief Curator Martin, 
Dr. Rinaldo, and Dr. Antevs, a detailed and well-illustrated report 
of the results of the 1947 Southwest Archaeological Expedition. At 
the end of the volume is a summary written especially for interested 
laymen. This publication, which has brought forth new and much- 
needed data and has settled several controversies, has been cited as 
a model for students to follow in drawing up comprehensive data. 

The Mexican (Sonora) Archaeological Expedition, sponsored 
jointly by Chicago Natural History Museum, the University of 
Chicago, and the University of Arizona, started field work in Febru- 
ary and finished in May. Work was done under a permit granted 
by the Direccion de Monumentos Prehispanicos of the Instituto 
Nacional de Antropologia e Historia. The expedition was under 
the direction of Donald J. Lehmer, University of Chicago Museum 
Fellow in Anthropology, and Bryant Bannister, student at Yale 
University. Dr. Antevs joined the expedition in the last weeks to 
study the geological exposures. The purposes of the expedition were : 
(1) to determine if possible the southern limits of the Cochise cul- 
ture — the same culture that Chief Curator Martin, Dr. Antevs, and 
Dr. Rinaldo had found in west-central New Mexico (the Cochise 

33 



culture was first discovered in southern Arizona and has been 
tentative!}^ dated at 8000 B.C. to 500 B.C.) and (2) to find traces of 
prehistoric contacts between the Indians inhabiting the southwestern 
United States and those in Middle America. 

Although the expedition was greatly hampered by the worst 
floods in fifty years, it managed to travel some five thousand miles 
over a mountainous terrain. Unfortunately, contemporary erosion 
had not progressed far enough to determine if early sites had been 
buried by later depositions. However, some Cochise stone tools 
were found, and these may date at about 1000 B.C. Pottery ap- 
peared in the Southwest about the time of Christ, and it is generally 
believed that this art came from Mexico. But the pottery dis- 
covered by Mr. Lehmer is fairly late (that is, about a.d. 1000). 
Therefore it seems safe to say that if the art of pottery-making 
difi"used northward from Mexico, the diffusion did not take place 
through the Sonoran area. The collection of stone tools and pot- 
sherds made by Mr. Lehmer will be divided between the National 
Museum of Mexico and Chicago Natural History Museum. 

During the year Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African 
Ethnology, completed a bibliography of African anthropology. This 
work, which covers the period 1937-49, brings up to date the material 
presented in his Source Book for African Anthropology (Museum 
Press, 2 vols., 1937), now long out of print. In preparing the bib- 
liography, the word "anthropology" has been broadly interpreted 
to include archaeology, physical anthroplogy, and the general situa- 
tion resulting from contact of Europeans and Africans. The section 
dealing with periodicals containing articles on African anthropology 
comprises 260 titles. Work has continued with the manuscript 
"Craniometry of Malekula," which is of exceptional interest because 
of the Museum's unique collection of deformed skulls from that 
island. To this work has been added a section on the craniometry 
of New Caledonia. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, conducted 
work on comparative problems in Micronesian ethnology based on 
the results of postwar research in the area and prepared for publica- 
tion two papers on social organization. In November the Museum 
Press issued his report, Majuro, A Village in the Marshall Islands, 
a comprehensive study of the contemporary, formal social organiza- 
tion of an acculturated Micronesian community. Although much 
of the report is meant for anthropologists, there are sections that 
will interest many people who are concerned with our responsibilities 
in the administration of the Micronesian peoples. 

34 




This shell gorget engraved with the image of a Death Cult deity is one of several 
shell pendants displayed in the Hall of Indian America before Columbus (Hall 4). 



In October Curator Spoehr left for a year's field work in the 
Marianas Islands, Micronesia, with headquarters on Saipan. The 
expedition has two objectives: The first is an examination of the 
culture change that is taking place among the native inhabitants of 
the northern Marianas Islands. These islands were greatly disturbed 
by the war, and one aspect of the problem is to investigate the manner 
in which community life is re-forming among the native peoples of 
the area and the processes of culture change that are of particular 
importance. The second objective is archaeological. It is planned 
to conduct surveys and excavations on Saipan, Tinian, and Rota — 

35 



the major islands in the Northern Marianas in order to throw 
Hght on the problem of when and how these islands were first peopled 
as well as to delineate the culture flows that have emanated from 
the Malaysian area into Micronesia. The archaeological project in 
the Marianas is a first step in a little-known field, for excavations 
conducted according to the refined standards of modern archaeology 
have not heretofore been made in Micronesia, although valuable 
information has been collected by lay observers. The Micronesian 
expedition has been arranged through the Pacific Science Board of 
the National Research Council, which is currently sponsoring a series 
of scientific investigations in Micronesia. The expedition has also 
been greatly assisted by the active co-operation and support of the 
Navy Department. 

Curator Spoehr and George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, 
collaborated in preparing a paper on historic Creek Indian pottery. 
This pottery is of particular interest in that it is a culture trait that 
bridges the gap between the prehistoric and historic periods in the 
southeastern United States. Also in collaboration with Curator 
Quimby, Curator Spoehr worked on a research project dealing with 
acculturation as manifest in specimens in the Museum collection 
from the Oceanic and North American areas. The aim of the project 
is to delineate regularities in culture change during the period when 
tribal cultures were first modified through contact with Western 
civilization. An illustrated paper on this project has been prepared 
for publication in the Museum series. 

Curator Quimby carried out research in North American eth- 
nology in conjunction with the exhibition program and undertook 
research on stone and bone artifacts from ancient sites in the Aleutian 
Islands. In April he spent two weeks at Louisiana State University 
in Baton Rouge in order to select type specimens illustrative of 
the archaeological sequence in the lower Mississippi Valley. He also 
obtained larger collections from late period sites for analyses and 
eventual inclusion in reports dealing with the archaeology of the 
Plaquemine and Natchezan culture types. 

Chief Curator Martin and Donald Collier, Curator of South 
American Ethnology and Archaeology, spent January and February 
in Mexico making a selection of specimens and arrangements for an 
extensive exchange of collections with the National Museum of 
Anthropology in Mexico City. The exchange is still in negotiation. 
This trip was made possible by a grant from the Viking Fund, Inc. 
While in Mexico, Chief Curator Martin and Curator Collier were 
able to study thoroughly the archaeological collections in the National 

36 



Museum of Anthropology, to discuss current data and problems with 
Mexican archaeologists, and to visit ten important archaeological 
sites. About 120 kodachrome pictures of archaeological interest 
were taken. Dr. Martin returned to Chicago by way of New York 
City and Washington, D.C. Visits to the anthropologists of these 
cities were of great benefit because mutual problems concerning 
archaeological work and the technique of exhibitions were discussed 
and several problems solved. 

On his way from Mexico Curator Collier spent two days in Wash- 
ington, D.C, with Dr. Gordon Willey, of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, in order to work on a paper they have written jointly with Dr. 
John Rowe, of the University of California, on their investigations 
of Huari, a little-known but extremely important archaeological site 
of the Tiahuanaco period in the south-central highland of Peru. 
Curator Collier next spent ten days in New York conferring with 
Junius Bird and Dr. James Ford, of the American Museum of 
Natural History, and Dr. Duncan Strong, of Columbia University, 
concerning problems of classification of the pottery excavated in 
the Viru Valley during the Museum's 1946 Archaeological Expedition 
to Peru. Crucial samples had been shipped to New York, and these 
were compared with pottery excavated by these men in the same 
region. During the remainder of the year time was devoted to re- 
search on this collection and to the preparation of a report, not yet 
completed, on the 1946 expedition. 

During the first months of the year Dr. Rinaldo collaborated with 
Chief Curator Martin in preparing a detailed report on the excava- 
tion during the summer of 1948 of Turkey Foot Ridge village located 
in the Pine Lawn Valley of west-central New Mexico. He also 
prepared graphs showing the development of Mogollon pottery and 
pottery designs for this report. He continued research on and 
cataloguing of the extensive Herzfeld collection of Persian antiquities. 
In addition he prepared for the Museum Press a paper on culture 
change in the Ackmen-Lowry area, a detailed analysis of trends and 
rates of change in the culture of the prehistoric Pueblo Indians of 
southwestern Colorado. During the summer he assisted Chief 
Curator Martin in the excavation of three Indian-village ruins in 
the Pine Lawn Valley of west-central New Mexico and, after his 
return from the field in the fall, made a detailed analysis of the 
pottery and artifacts recovered from these sites preliminary to the 
preparation of a report on the summer's field work. He also wrote 
a short paper entitled "Notes on the Turkey Foot Ridge Site Dates," 
to be published in the Tree-Ring Bulletin. 

37 



Accessions— Anthropology 

The Museum is happy to record a valuable gift of 75 rare and 
beautiful Polynesian specimens from Hawaii and Samoa presented by 
Mrs. L. Byron Nash of Highland Park, Illinois. These specimens 
were collected by Mrs. Nash's maternal ancestors. The collection, 
much of which is on exhibition in Hall F (Peoples of Polynesia and 
Micronesia), consists of fly whisks, capes, and ornamental bands of 
gay-colored feathers, many of which are from birds now extinct. In 
addition, there are old necklaces of ivory and amber and numerous 
tapa (bark) cloth blankets. It would be impossible to duplicate this 
collection today, and the Museum is fortunate to be the recipient 
of a gift of this value and character. 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

One hall of exhibits was completed and a new series of exhibits 
on Indians of eastern North America was begun under the direction 
of Curator of Exhibits Quimby, Chief Curator Martin, Curator 
Spoehr, Curator Collier, and Dr. Rinaldo, with the assistance of 
Artist Gustaf Dalstrom, Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell, Preparator 
Walter C. Reese, Ceramic Restorer John Pletinckx, and Preparator 
Paul J. Warner. The Hall of New World Archaeology (Indian 
America before Columbus) was moved from the ground floor (Hall B) 
to James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Hall (Hall 4) on the 
main floor of the Museum. This hall was opened officially on 
Columbus Day, October 12, with a tea and a special preview for 
Members and friends of the Museum. On May 19 and 20 there 
was a special showing of this hall for the meeting of the American 
Association of Museums. 

The new exhibits for Mary D. Sturgis Hall (Hall 5) are devoted 
to the subject of the historic Indians (ethnology) of eastern North 
America. This hall is divided into the following sections: Indians 
of the Prairies, Indians of the Chicago Region, Indians of the 
Northern Woodlands, Indians of the Middle Woodlands, and Indians 
of the Southern Woodlands (see pages 30 and 39 for pictures of two 
of the five new exhibits that have been completed for the section on 
Indians of the Northern Woodlands). 

Eleven exhibits and one diorama were completed for the section 
on Indians of the Chicago Region (the Indians of the Chicago region 
were the Miami, Illinois, Kickapoo, Potawatomi, Sauk and Fox, 
Ottawa, Menomini, Winnebago, and southern Chippewa). These 

38 



exhibits illustrate men's clothing, women's clothing, decorative art, 
household goods, warfare, hunting, games, farming and gathering, 
the Medicine Society, medicine men, and physical appearance as 
shown by portraits painted by George Catlin about 1832. The 
diorama shows a summer village of the Sauk and Fox Indians of 
Illinois of about 1750. Five exhibits for the section on Indians of 
the Northern Woodlands were completed (representative tribes of 
the Northern Woodlands are the Cree, northern Chippewa, Algonkin, 
Montagnais-Naskapi, and Micmac). These exhibits illustrate travel 
and transportation, hunting, decorative art, women's clothing, and 
men's clothing. One exhibit completed for the Middle Woodlands 
section deals with decorative art and clothing of the Iroquois. Many 
additional exhibits are planned for all of the sections of the new hall 
of historic Indians of eastern North America. 

During the year a diorama showing excavation of an Indian 
mound was rebuilt and modernized. This diorama illustrates the 
excavation of a Hopewell type of mound in the middle-western 
United States (the Hopewell culture existed sometime between 
500 B.C. and A.D. 1300). The work on this diorama was carried out 
by Dioramist Rowell, and the exhibit was installed in Hall 4. Two 
exhibits illustrating Polynesian featherwork and mats were installed 
in Hall F (Peoples of Polynesia and Micronesia). These exhibits 
were arranged by Curator Spoehr and Artist Dalstrom. 



new ex 



hibit for Hall 5 shows women's costumes of Northern Woodlands Indians. 






wAmpn''; clothing 

■i KEOJ WOODliNDS 



'- ."^^ 






39 





.-_^. 'f^^' 



H" '^ / 




A reproduction of wood or shield fern (Dryopteris) is a new exhibit in Hall 29. 



Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

During 1949 Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, continued 
his expedition to middle Central America, where he visited 
botanically unexplored regions in Honduras and Nicaragua and 
discovered many new and interesting records. Dr. Theodor Just, 
Chief Curator, studied living and fossil Cycadaceae in connection 
with the revision for publication of the manuscript on this group of 
gymnosperms by the late Professor Charles J. Chamberlain, who was 
a Research Associate in the Department of Botany, and Professor 

A. W. Haupt, of the University of California at Los Angeles. Dr. 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus, continued his studies of American 
palms and collected for several months in Cuba. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
studied his large collections from Ecuador and Venezuela as well as 
the Venezuelan collections made by Llewelyn Williams, Associate 
in Forest Products. In connection with the "Flora of Guatemala," 

40 



now in process of publication by the Museum Press, Dr. Steyermark 
visited the United States National Herbarium and the New York 
Botanical Garden to check critical material and records of distribu- 
tion. After his return he spent considerable time on the identification 
of miscellaneous collections sent to the Museum, especially from 
Central and South America, Mexico, and the United States. In 
connection with his work as Research Associate of the Missouri 
Botanical Garden, he was in the field at several times during the 
season to get new records of Missouri plants and to make surveys. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, carried on 
studies of the flora of Peru at various herbaria in California. Dr. 
Jos4 Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian Botany, was occupied with 
organization, identification, and monographic studies of his extensive 
collections of Colombian plants. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research 
Associate in Systematic Botany, visited Guatemala in search of tree 
dahlias and carried on cultural investigations of critical species of 
this genus. He also pursued his monographic studies. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, returned 
in February from an expedition along the Gulf of Mexico from 
Louisiana to Florida. Some 15,000 specimens, chiefly algae, were 
collected, largely in co-operation with Robert P. Ehrhardt, of Seattle, 
Percy Viosca, Jr., of New Orleans, Dr. Lewis H. Flint, of Louisiana 
State University, Dr. R. L. Caylor, of Mississippi Delta State 
Teachers College, Dr. A. J. Bajkov, of the Biloxi Oyster Laboratory, 
Harold B. Louderback, of Roosevelt College, Dr. Melvin A. Brannon, 
of the University of Florida, and Dr. Chester S. Nielsen, Dr. Grace C. 
Madsen, and Miss Dorothy Crowson, of Florida State University. 
Most of these collections, along with hundreds of algae received from 
other people for identification, were named and filed in the Her- 
barium during the year. With William A. Daily, of Butler Uni- 
versity, Curator Drouet continued work on a revision of the non- 
filamentous Myxophyceae. Mr. and Mrs. Daily photographed 
several hundred type specimens concerned in this project. Dr. 
Hanford Tiffany and Donald Richards, Research Associates, pursued 
their studies of algae and bryophytes respectively. Miss Margaret 
Feigley, volunteer worker, determined the species of large numbers 
of mosses and hepatics. Miss Crowson, who spent three months at 
the Museum, studied algae and assisted with the last of the prepara- 
tion of the fungus collections. 

During January and February Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of 
Economic Botany, accompanied Dr. Dahlgren on an expedition to 
Cuba to study and collect palms. Curator Cutler studied some of 

41 



this material after his return and, during the summer, made viabihty 
studies on pollen samples collected by Curator Emeritus Dahlgren 
on his second trip in 1949 to Cuba. During April and May Curator 
Cutler studied populations of desert plants, especially of Ephedra, 
in northern Arizona. Several large collections of cultivated plants 
made by archaeologists and ethnologists in various parts of the 
New World were identified, and work on an especially large and 
complete collection from Peru is being continued. During the last 
part of the year considerable time was spent in assembling materials 
for displays and for reinstallations of the economic plant exhibits. 
At the end of the year he went to the Bailey Hortorium, Ithaca, 
New York, where he studied collections of useful plants. 

Approximately forty-four thousand specimens and type photo- 
graphs were mounted and distributed in the phanerogamic and 
cryptogamic herbaria. Under the direction of Mrs. Efhe M. Schug- 
man more than twenty thousand specimens and photographs of 
cryptogams were mounted on sheets. These were filed in the 
herbarium cases by Curator Drouet. From its large collections of 
negatives of type and historical specimens of American plants in 
European herbaria the Department of Botany sold and sent in 
exchange during the year more than nine thousand prints to other 
institutions and to botanists for study purposes. 



Exhibits— Botany 

Considerable progi'ess was made toward the reinstallation of the 
botanical exhibits to take full advantage of the new lighting recently 
introduced in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant 
Life), a project to which the entire staff of the Plant Reproduction 
Laboratories devoted most of its time. During the year forty-three 
exhibition cases and their respective contents were reconditioned 
and rearranged. Two new plant models were added to the synoptic 
exhibit of plant families in Hall 29 — a flowering plant of meadow 
beauty (Rhexia), the only local member of the tropical Melastoma 
family, and a reproduction of a wood or shield fern (Dryopteris), 
a widely distributed genus of handsome ferns with compound foliage. 
A leafy branch of the American linden (Tilia) was prepared and 
installed in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26, North American 
Trees). Ten small models to illustrate the principal groups of the 
plant kingdom, including bacteria, fungi, algae, mosses, and vascular 
plants, which were requested over a year ago by the Department 
of Geology, have been completed and delivered. 

42 



Accessions— Botany 

A number of important additions to the phanerogamic herbarium 
were made during the year. The most noteworthy of these are the 
following: 1,178 plants sent as exchange by the United States 
National Museum, representing specimens mostly from South 
America and the West Indies; 1,018 Illinois plants collected by 
Virginius H. Chase, sent as exchange from the Peoria Academy of 
Science; 708 specimens from Colombia and Brazil collected by Dr. 
Richard Evans Schultes; 560 specimens from Chiapas, Mexico, 
collected by Eizi Matuda; 522 Kansas plants collected by W. H. 
Horr, sent as exchange from the Department of Botany, University 
of Kansas; 462 plants from Texas and neighboring states, collected 
by Dr. Rogers McVaugh and sent as exchange from the University 
of Michigan Herbarium; and 380 Panama plants collected by Paul H. 
Allen, sent as exchange by the Missouri Botanical Garden. Aside 
from material accruing from Museum expeditions, more than 9,000 
cryptogams were accessioned. About 5,000 cryptogams were pur- 
chased with funds provided by Elmer J. Richards, of Chicago, and 
Research Associate Richards. Among these were 2,011 algae of the 
herbarium of the Reverend Francis Wolle, which had been on loan 
to the Museum from Philip W. Wolle since 1939. More than 2,000 
cryptogams were received in exchange; the remainder were gifts. 



Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator 
Emeritus of Botany, is shown 
studying collections of palms, 
Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. 




V^i 



43 




Life on a Devonian coral reef about 330 million years ago is shown in a colorful 
new restoration group of actual'size models made for Hall 37 by George Marchand. 



Department of Geology 



Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, studied one of the 
primitive Arthrodires, a group of peculiar Devonian armored fishes, 
and, in an attempt to determine the exact geological age of the fossils, 
visited the area in eastern New York State where the specimens 
originally were collected many years ago. His studies essentially 
have been completed, and he expects to submit the manuscript for 
publication early in 1950. Dr. Everett C. Olson, Research Associate 
in Fossil Vertebrates, continued his work on the evolution of the 
amphibians and reptiles of the Early Permian of Texas. He com- 
pleted seven papers on various components of the fauna and sub- 
mitted these for publication. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, was 
occupied chiefly with the work of identifying, checking, and selecting 
specimens for the new exhibits of invertebrate fossils for Frederick 

44 



J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37, Fossil Invertebrates and Fossil Plants) 
and also wrote a large number of labels relating to these exhibits. 
Curator Richardson thus had very little time at his disposal for 
concentrated studies, but nevertheless he prepared for the Museum 
Press a description of a new species of Devonian sponge that was 
collected during the summer by Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, 
at a quarry near Buffalo, New York. In addition. Curator Richard- 
son spent his spare time surveying the fauna of the Pennsylvanian 
deposits near Coal City, Illinois. For many years the flora of these 
deposits has interested George Langford, Assistant Curator of Fossil 
Plants, and he was actively engaged in preparing a comprehensive 
report on this flora before joining the staff. During the year he 
revised and added considerable new material to his manuscript. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, completed Part III 
of "The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama," 
dealing with a revision of a marine turtle family Protostegidae. He 
also made considerable progress in his studies on the turtles of the 
family Toxochelyidae. In connection with this he visited various 
museums in Kansas, Texas, and the eastern states to examine their 
collections for certain hitherto undescribed specimens of these groups. 

Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, continued his 
work on the mammalian fauna from the Vieja formation in trans- 
Pecos Texas and problems associated with it. The fauna is an ex- 
ceedingly interesting one that stands in time very near the Eocene- 
Oligocene boundary. Comparison of the Viejan mammals with 
related forms from earlier formations suggests that current concepts 
of the ages of certain faunas hitherto regarded as Late Eocene may 
have to be revised. Other work carried on by Curator Patterson 
during the year included studies on the auditory region of edentates, 
in collaboration with Dr. Walter Segall, of Northwestern University, 
and on the early Cretaceous triconodonts discovered in Texas. 

Chief Curator Roy, in collaboration with Robert K. Wyant, 
Curator of Economic Geology, completed studies on three meteorites 
— Mapleton, Navajo, and Benld. The results of the studies of the 
first two of these meteorites were issued by the Museum Press 
during the year. The manuscript on Benld has been completed and, 
save for making up the plates, is ready for the press. Metallographic 
studies and chemical analysis of another meteorite, La Porte, have 
been completed, but the results of the work have not yet been 
summed up. Other work by Curator Wyant, done independently, 
consisted of chemical and petrographic examination of several 
silicified country rocks from Missouri and southwestern Illinois. 

45 




William D- Turnbull, Preparator in Geology, is shown at work on the remounting 
of Eryops, an Early Permian amphibian from the University of Chicago Collection. 



Chief Curator Roy began his studies on the so-called veins in meteor- 
ites with the object of determining whether they are terrestrial or 
extraterrestrial. This has been a debatable subject for many years. 

Almost by accident an exceedingly interesting discovery was 
made during the year. On their way to attend the annual meeting 
of the Geological Society of America, held in El Paso in November, 
Curators Zangerl and Denison made a brief stop in northern Texas 
to examine an area that had been recommended by Glen L. Evans, 
of the Texas Memorial Museum, as a promising one for Early 
Cretaceous turtles. Noticing minute bone fragments on the surface 
of the ground, they made a close examination and, almost at once, 
Curator Denison picked up a partial lower jaw of a mammal, the 
most exciting paleontological find of recent years. Further search 
yielded hundreds of fragmentary remains of other vertebrates, 
among which were those of dinosaurs, crocodiles, flying reptiles, 
and frogs — the first thus far found in deposits of Cretaceous age. 

On a return visit following the meetings, Curator Denison found 
a second mammal jaw, better preserved than the first. The interest 
of the discovery lies in the fact that it was made in Early Cretaceous 

46 



deposits and so begins to close a gap in our knowledge of mammalian 
history that, except for a few isolated teeth found at a locality in 
southern England, extends from the end of the Jurassic until near 
the end of the Cretaceous, a span of some sixty million years. The 
two specimens thus far found belong to an extinct group, the Tri- 
conodonta, that was not ancestral to any living forms, but their 
finding holds forth the prospect that such ancestors may be found 
there in the future. Further work in the region, in co-operation 
with the Texas Memorial Museum, is planned for 1950. 

Curator Denison spent the months of May, June, and July, in 
Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming, inspecting a number of 
localities from which Ordovician and Devonian fishes had been 
previously reported. Considerable collections were made, of which 
the Early Devonian forms from Utah and Wyoming are now being 
prepared and studied. 

In September Curator Richardson visited three localities in 
western states to secure specimens required for certain exhibits in 
Hall 37. These included fossil mollusks from Oligocene beds near 
Rocky Point, Oregon, impressions of fossil leaves from Miocene 
lake beds in Nez Perce and Idaho counties, Idaho, and from Tertiary 
beds near Decker, Montana. 

In November Curator Richardson and Assistant Curator Lang- 
ford visited well-known localities in Tennessee, where they collected 
Late Cretaceous mollusks from the Ripley formation on Coon Creek, 
McNairy County, and from the Selma formation near Michie, in 
McNairy County. These mollusks will be the basis for a group- 
restoration of life in a Cretaceous sea to be made during the year by 
George Marchand, dioramist, at his studio in Ebenezer, New York. 
They also collected Late Cretaceous (Ripley formation) leaf im- 
pressions from Carroll County, among which are some interesting 
undescribed forms, and from the Early Eocene (Wilcox group) in 
Henry County. Specimens from these two trips not placed on 
exhibition will constitute a needed addition to the paleobotanical 
study collection. Curator Richardson accompanied Assistant 
Curator Langford on one of his many short collecting trips to the 
Pennsylvanian deposits near Coal City, Illinois. 

Chief Curator Roy spent six weeks in August and September in 
various localities in western New York collecting Ordovician and 
Devonian invertebrates. During the first two weeks of the trip he 
was accompanied by Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator. Although 
Mr. Gilpin is primarily trained in collecting and preparing vertebrate 
fossils, he mastered the technique of collecting invertebrate fossils 

47 



almost the first day he was in the field. Together they made a 
comprehensive collection and succeeded in securing the particular 
specimens needed for the new exhibits and dioramas now being in- 
stalled in Hall 37. 

Early in the year Curator Zangerl and CM. Barber, of Flint, 
Michigan, were given a grant from the Geological Society of America 
that enabled Mr. Barber to make one more intensive collecting trip 
in the Mooreville Chalk of the Selma formation of Alabama, an area 
that had been visited by several Museum expeditions and has 
furnished a wealth of interesting Late Cretaceous reptiles and fishes. 
Mr. Barber was accompanied by J. A. Robbins, of Flint, Michigan, 
who assisted him in the field and who materially helped in making 
the project a success. Curator Zangerl will study the specimens 
collected and write up the results for publication. 

The skeleton of the American mastodon that has been on exhibi- 
tion since the Museum first opened its doors is a rather unsatisfactory 
representative of this well-known fossil mammal because it is com- 
posed of bones from several individuals. Mastodon remains come 
to light frequently in the Middle West and a number of such occur- 
rences are reported to the Museum every year. Any that appear to 
be particularly promising are investigated in the hope that a specimen 
complete enough for exhibition or study purposes will be recovered. 
One such find, a few miles southwest of Valparaiso, Indiana, was 
reported during the year by Myron Benedict. Curator Patterson 
and Chief Preparator Gilpin spent the greater part of October in 
excavation of the site. The specimen proved to be badly scattered, 
so that a great deal of digging was required, and only one-third of 
the skeleton was recovered, the missing parts evidently having been 
washed away shortly after the death of the animal. On account of 
the general local interest that the excavation aroused, arrangements 
were made to present the specimen to the Porter County Historical 
Society. The bones occurred on the boundary between farms 
owned by Mr. Benedict and C. J. Spindler, both of whom kindly 
permitted the necessary digging to be done. 

Exhibits— Geology 

Installation of new exhibits in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37, 
Fossil Invertebrates and Fossil Plants) began in September, 1948. 
During 1949, sixteen additional exhibits have been completed. Of 
these, three are restoration groups executed in various mediums and 
thirteen are of fossil invertebrates and plants arranged in taxonomic 

48 



and stratigraphic sequence. With the exception of the restoration 
groups or dioramas that are the work of George Marchand, a noted 
sculptor-artist of Ebenezer, New York, all other exhibition work in 
this hall has been done under the supervision of Curator Richardson 
and the technical direction of Harry E. Changnon, Curator of 
Exhibits, with the assistance of Preparators Henry Horback, Henry 
U. Taylor, and Kent Jones. Curator Changnon, who is to be com- 
mended for his able planning of the exhibition material, is largely 
responsible for the esthetic qualities of the exhibits. The Prepar- 
ators also deserve equal commendation for the infinite care with 
which they have installed the specimens and labels. Other members 
of the Museum staff who have contributed to the success of the ex- 
hibits are the three Artists, Gustaf Dalstrom, John Conrad Hansen, 
and Joseph B. Krstolich, and Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits in the 
Department of Botany. 

In the Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36) five new exhibits 
were installed during the year. Four of these exhibits concern the 
ores and uses of lead, zinc, and copper, while the fifth exhibit, for 
which photographs were donated to the Museum by the Standard 
Oil Company, is a photographic presentation of the story of oil. 
The exhibits show the subjects with remarkable clarity and sim- 
plicity. In Vertebrate Paleontology a beginning was made in the 
task of remounting the skeletons of Permian amphibians and reptiles 
that were donated by the University of Chicago in 1947 and put 
on temporary exhibition in 1948. In order to place these skeletons 
in cases of standard Museum design it was necessary to remove them 
from their bases. Since many of them had been mounted more than 
a generation ago, it was decided to take this opportunity to remount 
each specimen in accordance with modern knowledge of these very 
early land vertebrates. Remounting of seven skeletons has been 
completed and work on another skeleton is well advanced. The 
remountings are being done by Chief Preparator Gilpin and Prepar- 
ators Stanley Kuczek and William D. Turnbull. 



Accessions— Geology 

A large portion of the year's important additions to the collections 
were made by Museum expeditions. The collection of primitive 
fossil fish was more than doubled as a result of the expedition of 
Curator Denison to the western states. From Colorado came 
numerous remains of Ordovician ostracoderms, the earliest known 
vertebrates. Early Devonian fishes were obtained from Beartooth 

49 



Butte, Wyoming, and the Bear River Range, Utah. A good collec- 
tion of Late Devonian marine fishes was made in central Arizona, 
while the fresh-water fish fauna of this age was represented by smaller 
collections from a number of localities in the mountains of Colorado 
and Wyoming. By far the most noteworthy addition of the year, 
reference to which has been made earlier in the Report, was the two 
Early Cretaceous mammal jaws belonging to an extinct group, the 
Triconodonta. Other additions to the vertebrate collections con- 
sisted of Cretaceous reptiles and fishes from Alabama, collected by 
CM. Barber under a grant from the Geological Society of America, 
and Permian reptiles and amphibians from Texas, collected by 
Research Associate Olson, whose field work was sponsored by the 
University of Chicago. 

Among the gifts, mention should be made of the invertebrate 
fossils and fossil plants presented by Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, 
Associates in Fossil Plants, and their son, Jon S. Whitfield, of 
Evanston, Illinois. The Museum was again fortunate to receive 
three meteorites as a gift from Stuart H. Perry, of Adrian, Michigan, 
two of which are new to the Museum's collection of meteorites. 



This scene, a lifc'size reconstruction of animals extinct for almost 400 million 
years, is one of three completed by George Marchand for installation in Hall 37. 




50 




A class from the University of Chicago studies cranial morphology of vertebrates 
at the Museum, with D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy (center), and 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles (left), who are acting as instructors. 



Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

Research within the Museum led to progress on various long-term 
projects and to the completion of some manuscripts and the publica- 
tion of others. In the Division of Mammals Curator Colin C. 
Sanborn, a world authority on the classification of bats, continued 
his studies on the taxonomy of these creatures, which constitute one 
of the most sharply defined of the mammalian orders. In connection 
with his expedition to Siam he was able to study collections of bats 
in the Raffles Museum in Singapore, the Indian Museum in Calcutta, 
and the British Museum (Natural History) in London. Luis de la 
Torre, temporary assistant, worked on Guatemalan collections of 
mammals through January, when he returned to his studies at the 
University of Michigan. 

South American and Central American birds occupied Associate 
Curator Emmet R. Blake and Research Associate Melvin A. Traylor, 
Jr., in the Division of Birds. Curator Austin L. Rand continued 

51 



his studies on the taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of African 
and other Old World birds. The conclusion of Catalogue of Birds of 
the Americas with the publication of the section on birds of prey, 
by Research Associate Boardman Conover and the late Charles E. 
HellmajT, forms a landmark in the history of the Division of Birds, 
for this work, begun in 1909 by the former Curator of Zoology, 
Charles B. Cory, had grown to fifteen volumes. Mr. Conover con- 
tinued his studies on game birds, especially the South American 
tinamous. Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, carried on considerable 
curatorial work in addition to her work with exhibits. 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Reptiles, continued his detailed 
studies of the altitudinal and ecological distribution of the remarkable 
salamander fauna of the Appalachian Region. Curator Pope's 
studies bear on the currently much-discussed topic of "speciation," 
i.e., the origin of species. Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator of 
Fishes, on loan from the Division of Fishes, made much progress 
on his report on the amphibians of the Philippines, based on the 
specimens collected by the Museum's Philippines Zoological Ex- 
pedition of 1946-47. 

In the Division of Fishes Curator Loren P. Woods continued the 
studies on fishes of the northern Marshall Islands in co-operation 
with Dr. Leonard P. Schultz of the United States National Museum. 
He engaged also on a review of the marine fish family Pomacentridae, 
the damselfishes. It was agreed late in the year that Curator Woods 
should bring to a close the work on the marine and fresh-water fishes 
of Panama. This work, of which five volumes have been published 
by the Museum Press, represents a definitive account of the Panama 
fish fauna undertaken by the Smithsonian Institution on the occasion 
of the construction of the Panama Canal. The former Assistant 
Curator of Zoology at the Museum, the late Seth E. Meek, was 
associated with Samuel F. Hildebrand (representing the Smithsonian) 
in both field work and publication. The manuscript for the supple- 
mentary volume on the marine fishes was well advanced by Mr. 
Hildebrand at the time of his death, and Curator Woods had had 
the advantage of association with him during his 1947-48 studies 
at the National Museum. The collections made by the Museum's 
Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition in 1948 were supplemented by collec- 
tions of shore fishes, most notably by the deposit for study of the 
Mowbray collection, accumulated in Bermuda during the past 
thirty-nine years by Louis L. Mowbray, Sr. Studies on the deep- 
sea material by Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, and on the shore 
fishes by Robert Kanazawa, Assistant, promise important results. 

52 




Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, and Miss Pearl Sonoda, secretary. Division 
of Mammals, unpack incoming collections of birds and mammals from the Philippines. 



In the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy the major research 
program continued to center around the giant panda and related 
carnivores. Curator D. Dwight Davis is attempting to determine, 
as the final and most important phase of this study, the nature of 
the adaptive changes seen in the panda, to define some of these in 
terms of mechanics, and to elucidate their bearing on broad evolu- 
tionary questions. Excellent progress was made on completing and 
labeling the drawings that will illustrate this report. Curator Davis 
also made a detailed study of the head of the dogfish shark, the 
example of a generalized vertebrate used in all courses in com- 
parative anatomy, in order to bring together the results of numerous 
special studies on the shark's head reported in the literature of the 
subject and to combine them with original data. The burrowing 
locomotion of specialized amphibians and reptiles received continuing 
attention during the year, and observations and photographic records 

53 



were made of "sand-swimming" lizards. Dr. R. M. Strong, Research 
Associate in Anatomy, continued work on his detailed anatomy of 
the salamander Necturus. 

In the Division of Insects, research by the staff was of necessity 
subordinated to the work of distributing new collections for study 
and of rearrangement of the collections in new cases. Continuing 
studies on beetles of the families Histeridae and Ptilidae were carried 
on by Assistant Curators Rupert L. Wenzel and Henry S. Dybas, 
on the Mordellidae by Eugene Ray, temporary assistant, and on 
the Staphylinidae by Research Associate Charles H. Seevers. Re- 
search on the Museum's collections of insects is in progress at 
various museums and other institutions by specialists to whom 
special collections have been sent. Thus Major Robert Traub, of 
the Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C., is reporting on fleas, 
and Dr. P. J. Darlington, of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
at Harvard University, is engaged on the carabid beetles, both studies 
being based on the collections of the Museum's Philippines Zoological 
Expedition of 1946-47. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates Curator Fritz Haas 
concluded his studies of the mollusks of Lake Titicaca, collected by 
the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition in 1937 and consigned to him for 
report by the British Museum (Natural History). Chicago Natural 
History Museum will retain duplicate specimens of the surprisingly 
large number of new species and new genera to be described. Curator 
Haas identified and described much new South American material 
from miscellaneous sources, especially from the Museo de Historia 
Natural "Javier Prado," in Lima. 

Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt was engaged during the year in 
the revision of Ecological Animal Geography (Hesse, Allee, and 
Schmidt) for a new edition. He also completed the final proof- 
reading of Principles of Animal Ecology (with W. C. Allee and others), 
which appeared in October. 

The major expedition of 1949 was the Rush Watkins Siamese 
Zoological Expedition. A. Rush Watkins, sponsor of the expedition, 
Curator Sanborn, and Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist, left in May 
for Bangkok. Six weeks were spent in the north-central part of 
Siam at the Gairdner rice plantation at Wang Pratart. After speci- 
mens of the rare Eld's deer were obtained, together with a series of 
small mammals including a representation of the squirrels for which 
the fauna of southeast Asia is remarkable, the party moved to 
southern Siam, on the Malay border, where Curator Sanborn and 
Mr. Watkins were successful in obtaining two Malaj^ tapirs, to be 

54 




William J. Gerhard, Curator of Insects, is checking the Museum's great Strecker 
Collection of moths and butterflies according to identification, type, and locality. 



used in a projected habitat group for William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17, 
Asiatic Mammals). In addition to mammals, the expedition col- 
lected fresh-water fishes, amphibians and reptiles, and birds. 

The Colombian Zoological Expedition, which went into the field 
in 1948, is directed mainly toward a comprehensive report on the 
mammals of Colombia. Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of 
Mammals, had been engaged on this project for the Smithsonian 
Institution before coming to the Museum, a project that forms a 
logical continuation of Andean studies begun by the late Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Chief Curator, and continued by Curator Sanborn in Peru 
and Chile. Assistant Curator Hershkovitz established his base for 
the early part of 1949 in Barranquilla, collecting at six localities in 
northern Colombia before moving to Medellin in November. 

Field studies within the borders of the United States included 
Curator Pope's collecting and field observations on salamanders in 
Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Illinois, and Arkansas. He worked 
effectively during July and August from the convenient base afforded 
by the University of Virginia summer school at Mountain Lake, 

55 



Virginia. In early autumn Assistant Curator Dybas visited Florida 
and other southeastern states to collect the minute beetles of the 
family Ptilidae on which he specializes. Because these beetles are 
especially to be found in the pores of the polypore fungi, the trip 
was arranged to coincide with the peak of development of the poly- 
pores. Assistant Curator Dybas was accompanied by two graduate 
students in the Department of Zoology of the University of Chicago, 
Harry Nelson and Robert Sokol, University of Chicago Museum 
Fellow in Zoology. In the local field, the remarkable autumn 
aggregation of blue racers in the Indiana Dunes was again observed. 
Assistant Curator Inger, assisted by various willing members of the 
zoological staff, marked and released snakes and recaptured eight 
of the specimens marked in 1948. 

Chief Curator Schmidt represented the Museum and the National 
Research Council at the Seventh Pacific Science Congress in New 
Zealand in February. This enabled him also to make collections in 
the field of lizards and frogs and to study the lizard-like reptile of 
New Zealand, the tuatara. To observe this remarkable creature, 
he visited the outlying islands of Karewa, in the Bay of Plenty, and 
Stephen and Middle Trios islands in Cook Strait. He was aided 
by William H. Dawbin, Lecturer at Victoria University College, 
Wellington, and arranged for Mr. Dawbin's continuance of studies 
on the tuatara. 

Field work in the Philippines and Peru was supported by the 
Museum during the year, with gratifying resulting additions to the 
collections. D. S. Rabor, Professor of Zoology at Silliman University, 
who had aided the Museum's Philippines Zoological Expedition in 
1946-47, continued collecting on Negros Island. Celestino Kali- 
nowski, who returned to Peru after a year's training and study in 
the Museum's laboratories, began collecting immediately on his 
return to the Kalinowski estate, "La Cadena," at Marcapata, in 
the "montana" of Peru. The first installment of collections received 
from him indicate that he is established in a favorable region to aid 
in the program of studies on the zoology of Peru initiated by the 
Museum in 1911, the logical continuation of the Chilean program. 

Accessions— Zoology 

The more important gifts of specimens during the year include a 
collection of 452 East African bird skins and a rare African viper, 
from Mr. and Mrs. Walther Buchen, of Chicago; 247 South American 
bird skins from Research Associate Conover; the type and paratype 

56 



of a new species of salamander from Dr. S. C. Bishop, of the Uni- 
versity of Rochester; 499 specimens of amphibians and reptiles from 
Panama, collected and presented by Harold Trapido; and 391 
specimens of reptiles and amphibians from East Africa, presented 
by Dr. Henry Field, of Washington, D.C. A notable collection of 
101 specimens of fishes from the Mediterranean, representing 28 
species, was presented by Leander J. McCormick, fishes that are 
of particular importance to West Indian (and Bermudan) studies 
of marine fishes because early descriptions of tropical marine fishes 
were mainly based on the Mediterranean fauna. In connection with 
enquiries regarding the relations of the domestic pig with its wild 
relatives, the Armour Livestock Bureau, through Colonel Edward N. 
Wentworth, presented the heads of five purebred pigs of different 
breeds, from which skulls were prepared. As in previous years, 
the Chicago Zoological Society, Brookfield, Illinois, and the Lincoln 
Park Zoo, Chicago, made major contributions to the Museum's 
materials for anatomical study and to the general collections of birds, 
mammals, amphibians, and reptiles. 

In the Division of Insects the largest single gift was of 3,035 
specimens from Mexico, Colombia, and Micronesia, collected by 
Assistant Curator Dybas on collecting trips before joining the Mu- 
seum staff and during his years in the Pacific Islands with the 
United States Army (1943 45). Important gifts of land and fresh- 
water shells were received in the Division of Lower Invertebrates 
from Dr. Otto Schubart, of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Dr. Harald Sioli, 
of Belem, Brazil, and R. Wright Barker, of Maracaibo, Venezuela. 
Walter J. Eyerdam, of Seattle, Washington, presented mollusks 
that he had collected in various parts of South America. A collec- 
tion of marine shells especially selected to fill gaps in our collections 
was presented by Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel, of Greenwich, Con- 
necticut. This collection contains a specimen of one of the living 
species of Pleurotomaria, a genus of snails, mainly known from fossils, 
whose lineage extends to the Silurian period. 

The largest single accession of mammals was that from the 
Colombian Zoological Expedition (1948-50), from which 755 speci- 
mens reached the Museum, together with unaccessioned birds, 
reptiles, and amphibians. An important purchase of West African 
bird skins from Reverend A. I. Good added 721 specimens to the 
growing African collections. In the Division of Reptiles Curator 
Pope's summer collecting added 863 amphibians and reptiles. For 
the Division of Fishes a collection of about 1,000 specimens of 
fresh- water fishes from northern Siam was the major accession of 

57 



the year. In the Division of Insects an especially valued collection 
of beetles of the family Lucanidae (the stag beetles) was obtained 
by purchase. This collection, which amounts to 4,069 specimens, 
all identified, and includes some two dozen types and numerous other 
unique specimens, was, like other similar collections made by 
specialists, a "labor of love" extending over many years. Ex- 
changes of mollusks led to the addition of paratypes of species for 
the most part not previously represented in the Museum. 

Exhibits— Zoology 

The reinstallation of the habitat group of Alaska brown bears was 
a major improvement in Richard T. Crane, Jr., Hall (Hall 16), 
where American mammals are shown in their natural surroundings. 
The group now shows a gigantic male, in standing position, with a 
female and two yearling cubs. The specimens were collected by 
Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street at Mother Goose Lake in the Alaska 
Peninsula and mounted by C. J. Albrecht, formerly of the Museum's 
taxidermy staff, who accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Street in Alaska. 

In Hall 21, devoted to the exhibition of a systematic series of 
North American and exotic birds, the program of addition of "sub- 
jective exhibits" that present anatomical and other information 
has continued under the direction of Curator Rand, with Kenneth 
Woehlck, Assistant Taxidermist, in change of preparation. This 
program, initiated by Rudyerd Boulton, former Curator of Birds, 
has been emphasized by Curator Rand, whose plans resulted in 
the addition of four alcove cases of this nature in 1948 (see 1948 
Report) . Cases placed on exhibition in 1949 deal with the phenomena 
of reproduction in birds, with the association of birds with man in 
the suburban environment of Chicago, with the architecture of nests, 
and with the aberrant types of nests and the range of variation in 
birds' eggs, together with eggs of the commoner species nesting in 
the Chicago region. Mrs. Smith, Associate, directed the preparation 
of "Resident Birds of Chicago," the case exhibiting the principal 
species of birds resident throughout the year in the Chicago region 
as well as devices for attracting, sheltering, and feeding them. 

Progress was made in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, 
Amphibians, and Insects) in the installation of models of amphibians 
and reptiles made in celluloid by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters and, 
more recently, by Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist, under 
Mr. Walters' direction. A screen is devoted to the "front-fanged 
snakes," the cobras, mambas, coral snakes, and sea snakes. Re- 

58 



arrangements of other screens were made to bring together the vipers 
and pit vipers (with an enlarged model of a rattlesnake head to show 
the pit) and to insert models of frogs and toads, such as the giant 
marine toad so abundant in tropical America, bright-colored tree 
frogs, and other forms new to the exhibits of these creatures. The 
protectively colored green tree-boa, in its typical resting pose in a 
saddle-shaped coil on the limb of a tree, is shown with the boas and 
pythons, and the large water snake of the East Indies, one of the 
principal sources of snake-skin leather for shoes, is placed with them. 
Further work of installation and reinstallation of the amphibian 
and reptile models is in progress. In the Division of Insects exhibition 
work was centered on the completion of the case showing the life- 
history of the malaria-bearing mosquito, which has been combined 
with an explanation of the malaria cycle in the human blood. 



This magnificent group of giant Alaska brown bears in Hall 16 was collected and 
presented by Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street, of Seattle, Washington. Taxidermy 
is by C. J. Albrecht and background by the late Arthur G. Rueckert, Staff Artist. 




59 



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,^^ <^-'^, ^'-^" ^^ '•^--*- 


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A series of eighteen letters written by Charles Darwin was displayed in a special 
exhibit. This valuable collection is a highly prized possession of the Museum Library. 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

Demands on the resources of the Library become more exacting as 
research expands in the scientific departments of the Museum, and 
acquisitions through purchase and exchange have been made in 
terms of what the Library is expected to provide in printed informa- 
tion covering the speciaHzed fields. Bearing in mind also the relation- 
ship of the Library with the future of the Museum, trends in research 
and exploration are taken into account so that required material will 
be at hand when it is needed. 

The Library's resources are excellent, the collection is strong in 
scientific journals and serials, and, through continued effort, gaps 
in the periodical holdings have been filled and runs completed. Every 
effort is being made to secure additional basic material not already 
in the Library. Acquisitions during the past year from all sources 
aggregated 3,505, of which 375 were gifts. The total collection is 

60 



now 136,126. Among notable acquisitions of the past year are the 
following representative selections of books and serials : 

BOOKS 

Anton, Hermann E., Verzeichnis der Conchylien ivelche sich in der Sammlung 

von Hermann Eduard Anton befinden (1839) 
Bakmefev, Porfirii Ivanovich, Experimentelle entomologische studien vom 

physikaUsch-chemischen standpunkt aus ... v. 1-2 (1901, 1907) 

Berlese, Antonio, Gli insetti; low organizzazione snluppo, abitiidini e rapporti 

colVuomo, V. 1-2 (1909, 1925) 
Black, John McConnell, Flora of South Australia, 2nd ed., pts. 1-4 (1922-29) 
Bois, Desire Georges Jean Marie, Les plantes alimentaires chez tons les peuples 

et a travers les ages, 4 v. (1927-37) 
Bresadola, Giacomo, Iconographia mycologica, 26 v. (1927-33) 
Bruttini, Arturo, Dictionnaire de sylviculture en cinq langues: franqais (texte), 

aUemand, anglais, espagnol, italien . . . (1930) 
Camus, Aimee, Les chenes; monographic du genre Quercus, 3 v. (1934-39, 1948) 
Carpenter, George Herbert, The biology of insects (1928) 
Chenu, Jean Charles, lUustrationes conchyliologiques ou descriptions et figures 

de toutes les coquilles connues vivantes et fossiles, 84 pts. (1843-53) 
Dallimore, W., and A. Bruce Jackson, A handbook of coni ferae, 3rd ed. (1948) 
Dalziel, John McEwen, The useful plants of west tropical Africa (1948) [reprint] 
Dautzenberg, Philippe, Croisieres du Yacht Chazalie dans VAtlantique. Mol- 

lusques (1900) 
Degener, Otto, Flore Hawaiiensis (1932 — ) [Library has books 1-4] 
Descole, Horacio Raul, Geyiera et species plantarum argentinarum, v. 4 [Library- 
has V. 1-3] 
Dukes, Henry Hugh, The physiology of domestic animals, 3rd rev. ed. (1935) 
Eimer, Gustav Heinrich Theodor, Organic evolution as the result of the in- 
heritance of acquired characters, according to the laws of organic growth, 

trans, by J. T. Cunningham (1890) 
Faune Ichthyologique de VAtlantique Nord (1829-38) 
Giebel, Christoph Gottfried Andreas, Insecta epizoa (1874) 
Gistl, Rudolf, Naturgeschichte pflanzlicher rohstoffe (1938) 
Goldfuss, Otto, Die Binnenmollusken Mittel-Deutschlands (1900) 
Hanley, Sylvanus Charles Thorp, An illustrated and descriptive catalogue of 

recent bivalve shells (1842-56) 
Hindekoper, Rush Shippen, Age of domestic animals (1891) 
Hooker, William Jackson, Garden ferns (1862) 
Houlbert, Constant Vincent, Les coleopteres d'Europe: France et regions voisines, 

3 V. (1921-22) 
Jickeli, Carl Friedrich, Fauna der land-und-siisswasser-mollusken nord-Ost 

Afrikas (1875) 
Kiener, L. C, Species general et iconographie des coquilles vivantes, 11 v. 

(1834-80) 
Lecomte, M. H., and H. Humbert, Flore generale de VIndo-Chine [certain 

fascicules of v. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7] 
Lemee, Albert Marie Victor, Dictionnaire descriptif et synonymique des genres 

de plantes phanerogames, v. 7-8 
Maynard, Charles Johnson, Contributions to the history of the Cerionidae, with 

descriptions of many new species and notes on evolution in birds and plants, 

pts. 1-12 (1919-26) 
Meyer, Heinrich Adolf, and Karl August Mobius, Fauna der Kieler bucht, 

2 V. (1865-72) 

61 



BOOKS {continued) 

Moquin-Tandon, Christian, Histoire naturelle des mollusques terrestres et 

fluviatiles de France, 2 v. and atlas (1804-63) 
Oudemans, Anthonie Cornelis, Kritisch historisch overzicht der acarologie, 3 v. 

(1926-37) 
Owen, Richard, Descriptive and illustrated catalogue of the fossil reptilia of 

South Africa in the collection of the British Museum (1876) 
Post, George Edward, Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai, 2 v. (1932-33) 
Schimper, Wilhelm P., Traite de paleontologie vegctale, ou la flore du monde 

primitif dans ses rapports avec les formations geologiques et la flare du 

monde actuel, 3 v. and atlas (1869-74) 
Sowerby, Arthur de Carle, The naturalist in Manchuria, v. 2-3 (1922-23) 

[Library has v. 1] 
Stehle, Henri, Flore descriptive des Antilles frangaises, v. 1, Les orchidales 

(1939) 
Thiebaut, J., Flore libano-syrienne (Memoires presentes a I'Institut d'Egypte, 

V. 31, kO) 
Tierreich, Das, Lfg. 28, Hymenoptera. Apidae I. Megachilinae, bearbeitet 

von H. Friese 
, Lfg. Jf8, Scelionidae, von Jean Jaques Kieffer (1916) 

SERIALS 

Anatomical Record, v. 1-51 
Aquarium, v. 1 — 

Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, v. 1-58 

City of London Entomological and Natural History Society, London. Trans- 
actions (London Naturalist), v. 1-38 
Entomological Society of New South Wales. Transactions, v. 1-2 (1863-73) 
Faune de France, v. 1-50 (1921-49) [continuation] 

Linnean Society of London. Transactions, 2nd ser. Botany, v. 1-9 (1875-1922) 
Schweizerische entomologische gesellschaft. Mitteilungen, v. 1-9 (1865 — ) 
Tuatara, v. 1— (1947—) 

SERIALS (purchased to fill gaps) 

Academie des Sciences, Paris. Comptes-rendus, v. 106-120 (1888-95) 
American Folklore Society. Memoirs, nos. 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15-18, 20, 21, 

23-31, 33, 35 
Botanische Jahrbiicher, v. 71-74 (1940-45) 
Journal of Comparative Neurology, v. 14-18, 26-53 (1904-8) 
Linnean Society of London. Journal (Zoology), v. 1-32 



The growing importance of the Library collection has increased 
the interlibrary loan service not only locally but also throughout the 
country. The exchange of scientific and serial publications with 
other organizations has expanded the Kardex record to four files. 
As in any highly specialized research institution, the material 
published by other scientific organizations forms the backbone of 
the Library of this Museum. These publications consist of journals, 
bulletins, memoirs, proceedings, and transactions in which new 

62 



species are described (of first importance in taxonomy and nomencla- 
ture) and a record of research published. In this field of literature, 
back numbers are never old. They are constantly referred to and 
are bound so that they may become permanent parts of the collec- 
tion. The Kardex system provides a control record that gives 
finger-tip information on the Library's holdings, last number re- 
ceived, and missing parts to be acquired. 

Recataloguing of the Library's collection according to the Library 
of Congress classification, begun in 1947, has continued. Progress 
has been made in reclassifying a sizable portion of the periodical 
holdings, many volumes in the Museum's four departments, and 
separate series of special publications. Collections such as the 
Berthold Laufer library and the Charles V. Riley collection of books 
on entomology, as well as all new purchases and material currently 
received, have been catalogued under the new classification. 

In May the card catalogue was moved to a new location in the 
center of the south end of the reading room. At the same time, 
to serve better the specialized needs of the Library, the plan of the 
catalogue was changed by dividing it into two sections: author and 
title section and classified subject section. The catalogue of the 
John Crerar Library was moved from a stackroom and aligned with 
the Museum Library catalogue in its new location so that convenient 
consultation of both catalogues is possible. A survey of the depart- 
mental libraries showed overcrowded shelves and resulted in the 
decision to transfer to the general library (with the approval of the 
Chief Curators and Curators) all volumes not needed for constant 
reference, a move that provided shelf space in the departmental 
libraries but added to the shelving problem in the general library. 
The space vacated by the change in location of the card catalogues 
has been used for additional shelving. 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

The Division of Photography made during the year a total of 15,926 
negatives, prints, enlargements, lantern slides, and transparencies 
for the Museum, other institutions, the press, and general sales. 
More than 106,000 negatives are now in the files. 

Until her resignation in September Miss Norma Lockwood, Staff 
Illustrator, prepared drawings, lettering, and miscellaneous art work 
for the departments and divisions of the Museum as their needs 
required. The work of the office was ably continued by Douglas E. 
Tibbitts, who succeeded Miss Lockwood as Staff Illustrator. 

63 



MOTION PICTURES 

Activities during the year in the Division of Motion Pictures were 
devoted almost entirely to completion of the Museum's motion- 
picture production, "Treasure House." This film, which pictures 
the tremendous amount of work done by the Museum staff in pre- 
paring science and natural-history exhibits, will be ready for showing 
in 1950 as one of the Museum's educational services. In addition, 
two complete motion pictures were re-edited for use in the public 
schools, and similar productions are being put together from material 
in the Museum's film library. Color transparencies and motion- 
picture records of natural-history subjects were made for the scien- 
tific departments of the Museum, a type of material that has come 
to be important to the scientific staff both as visual aid and as help 
in research problems. 

PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

Distribution of the Museum's publications to institutions and 
scientists on our foreign exchange list was brought back to a fairly 
normal basis by the resumption of exchange with western Germany 
and by the sending of accumulated wartime and postwar issues to 
that area, although publications intended for Berlin and certain 
other areas still await more favorable shipping conditions. Sevent}"- 
two names that had been on the exchange mailing list before the war 
were reinstated, and forty new names were added. A total of 21,436 
copies of the Museum's publications was distributed in both foreign 
and domestic exchange. Sales totaled 3,654 copies in the Scientific 
Series, 10,283 copies in the Popular Series, and 27,846 copies of 
miscellaneous publications, such as guides, handbooks, memoirs, and 
technique papers (see page 87). For future sales and other distribu- 
tion an additional 12,895 copies of publications were wrapped, 
labeled, and stored. 

The Museum Press issued during the year twenty-two titles in 
the Scientific Series of publications and one in the Administrative 
Series. The total number of pages printed in all books, including 
an index for one completed volume in the Scientific Series, was 
2,694, and the total number of copies was 27,289. Twelve numbers 
of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 
6,000 copies an issue. Other work of the Division of Printing in- 
cluded posters, price lists, "Museum Stories for Children" (Raymond 
Foundation), lecture schedules. Museum labels, post cards. Museum 
stationery, and specimen tags, totaling 850,292 impressions. 

64 



A list of titles in the publications series issued in 1949 by Chicago 
Natural History Museum Press follows: 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Field, Henry 

The Anthropologij of Iraq, The Lower Euphrates-Tigris Region, Anthropological 
Series, vol. 30, part 1, no. 2, 202 pages, 180 plates, 4 text figures, 2 maps 

Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, and Ernst Antevs 

Cochise and Mogollon Sites, Pine Lawn Valley, Western New Mexico, Fieldiana: 
Anthropology, vol. 38, no. 1, 232 pages, 24 text figures 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Majuro, A Village in the Marshall Islands, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 39, 
266 pages, 50 text figures, 11 maps 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Bartram, Edwin B. 

Mosses of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 25, 442 pages, 190 text figures 

Macbride, J. Francis 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, vol. 13, part 3, no. 2, 270 pages 

Standley, Paul C, and Julian A. Steyermark 

Flora of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, part 6, 440 pages 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Patterson, Bryan 

A New Genus of Taeniodonts from the Late Paleocene, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 6, 2 pages 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

A New Silurian Trilobite, Dalmanites Oklahomae, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, 
no. 7, 4 pages, 1 text figure 

Some Loicer Huronian Stromatolites of Northern Michigan, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 8, 16 pages 

Roy, Sharat K., and Robert K. Wyant 

The Mapleton Meteorite, Geological Series, vol. 7, no. 7, 13 pages, 10 text 

figures 

The Navajo Meteorite, Geological Series, vol. 7, no. 8, 15 pages 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Blake, Emmet R. 

Distribution and Variation of Caprimulgus Maculicaudus, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 26, 8 pages 

A New Ant-Thrush from British Guiana, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 31, 
2 pages 

65 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY {continued) 

CONOVER, BOARDMAN 

A New Species of Tinamus from Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 30, 
4 pages, 2 text figures 

Davis, D. Dwight 

The Shoulder Architecture of Bears and Other Carnivores, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 34, 21 pages, 8 text figures 

Davis, D. Dwight, and H. Elizabeth Story 

The Female External Genitalia of the Spotted Hyena, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, 
no. 33, 7 pages 

Haas, Fritz 

Land and Fresh-Water Mollusks from Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 28, 
16 pages, 1 text figure 

Hellmayr, Charles E., and Boardman Conover 

Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, Zoological Series, vol. 13, part 1, no. 4, 
iv+358 pages 

Pope, Clifford H., and Sarah H. Pope 

Notes on Growth and Reproduction of the Slimy Salamander, Plethodon Glu- 
tinosus, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 29, 12 pages, 6 text figures 

Rand, A. L. 

The Races of the African Wood-Dove, Turtur Afer, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, 
no. 35, 6 pages 

Sanborn, Colin C. 

Bats of the Genus Micronycteris and Its Subgenera, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, 
no. 27, 20 pages 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

Notes on Some Veracruz Birds, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 32, 7 pages 



ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATIONS 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 19Jf8, 138 pages, 
30 illustrations 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

For an entire year the Museum was brought to the mind of every 
person who looked up a telephone number in The Red Book, Chicago 
Classified Telephone Directory. Through the courtesy of the Reuben 
H. Donnelley Corporation, directory publishers, and the Illinois Bell 
Telephone Company the Museum's name and a picture in colors 
of its north central fagade appears on the front cover of the edition 
of The Red Book that was distributed in June, 1949. Inside the book 
in prominent page-one position appears the story of Chicago Natural 
History Museum. Inasmuch as millions of people constantly consult 

66 




The exhibit in Hall 19 showing the sumacs has been reconditioned and rearranged. 



this directory and the number of their references to it in a yedir 
mounts up to milhons upon milHons, the powerful cumulative effect 
of this important publicity almost defies estimation. The use of 
this space, free of all charges, was graciously extended to the Museum 
by the Donnelley Corporation, and the Museum acknowledges this 
valuable contribution with deepest gratitude to the publishers and 
the sponsoring telephone company. 

Publicity on all Museum activities was maintained at the usual 
pace by news releases, feature articles, and pictures. Direct news 
releases from the office of the Public Relations Counsel numbered 263. 
Additional publicity was obtained through issuing advance proofs 
of the Museum Bulletin to editors, through follow-ups by newspapers 
on released material, and through "tie-ins" with organizations whose 
scope of activity appropriately could be associated with exhibits or 
events in the Museum. Although the major emphasis was upon 
publicity in the metropolitan newspapers of Chicago, all releases 
were sent to community and foreign-language newspapers circulating 

67 



among residents of the various city neighborhoods and groups of 
various national origins, to the daihes and weekHes pubHshed in 
Chicago suburbs, and to newspapers in the Ilhnois-Wisconsin- 
Indiana-Michigan area beyond the city's suburban radius. The 
more important news from the Museum was carried by wire and mail 
news-services to newspapers throughout the United States, and in 
many instances international circulation was obtained. 

For their interest in the Museum and their generous co-operation, 
acknowledgment is made to the publishers, executives, and editorial 
staffs of all the newspapers, large and small, that have contributed 
to keeping the public informed about the institution. Gratitude is 
expressed in particular to the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Daily 
Sun-Times, Chicago Herald- American, Chicago Tribune, Associated 
Press, United Press, International News Service, Science Service, 
Acme News Pictures, and the City News Bureau of Chicago. 

The Museum continued to be represented each Saturday through- 
out the year with a series of stories on the "Children's Corner" 
program over radio station WCFL. Among other radio stations 
that offered their facilities to the Museum for special-feature pro- 
grams, educational programs, and representation in general news 
broadcasts are WGN, WMBI, WMAQ, WIND, WBBM, WENR, 
WLS, WJJD, Columbia Broadcasting System, National Broadcast- 
ing Company, American Broadcasting Company, and Mutual Broad- 
casting System. The Museum was represented also in several tele- 
vision-newsreel programs and by two special-feature programs, on 
"Women's Magazine of the Air" over station WGN-TV, in which 
material from Museum exhibits was shown. Continuous contact 
between the Museum and its Members was maintained through the 
Bulletin, a monthly publication that gives coverage of all Museum 
activities and news both in articles and pictures. 

The usual other publicity activities were maintained. Folders 
by the thousands telling of the Museum's exhibits and services were 
distributed through the co-operation of department stores, libraries, 
travel agencies, hotels, civic bureaus, and through seven other 
Chicago museums in other fields of science and art that advertise 
themselves in a jointly published folder. The Museum's lecture 
courses for adults and the children's programs presented by the 
Raymond Foundation were advertised by posters displayed in rail- 
road stations and on suburban trains. This was made possible, 
without charge, by the co-operation of the Illinois Central System, 
Chicago and North Western Railway, the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin 
Railroad, and the Chicago Transit Authority. 

68 



CO'OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

The laboratories and research collections of the Museum were open 
to visiting scientists, as in past years, and through interlibrary loan 
the resources of the Library of the Museum were available to other 
institutions. The Museum continued its co-operative educational 
plans with the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, 
Antioch College, and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 

Classes from the School of the Art Institute, the Chicago Academy 
of Fine Arts, the Academy of Applied Arts, and the Institute of 
Design use the Museum exhibits regularly as a part of their class 
work. These students, ranging in age from children of six years to 
adults, can be seen sketching in the halls any day of the week, but 
they come in greatest number on Saturdays. They find that natural- 
history exhibits can take the place of living models and that the 
designs of primitive people offer many new ideas. Most of these 



Classes from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago sketch in the Museum halls. 




69 



young students are from the School of the Art Institute, and results 
of their work are of such interest that for one month in the summer 
selected ceramic objects and sketches in water color, chalk, and oil 
are shown in a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall of the Museum. 

The Museum is a school in another sense when teachers-in- 
training come in organized classes from near-by colleges in their 
search for the community resources available to them in future 
teaching. As they use the Museum exhibits they observe other 
teachers and school classes studying in the Museum and thus learn 
what to do and what not to do in planning trips to museums and 
other similar institutions. Roosevelt College, Northwestern Uni- 
versity, Chicago Teachers College, and Pestalozzi Froebel Teachers 
College make use of the Museum in this teaching project. Frequent 
use is made of Museum exhibits by individual students from Roose- 
velt College, with which the Museum co-operates by certifying 
attendance of the students at the Museum. The co-operative 
educational plan adopted in 1946 by this Museum and Antioch 
College, of Yellow Springs, Ohio, provides for the temporary em- 
ployment by the Museum of successive groups of undergraduate 
students who alternate periods of study on the college campus with 
periods of work with pay. Under this plan ten young men and 
women were temporarily employed in 1949 by the Museum in its 
scientific departments and administrative offices. 

The course in muscology covering all details of curatorial duties 
in a museum was continued at the Museum by the staff of the 
Department of Anthropology in co-operation with the Department 
of Anthropology of the University of Chicago. Donald Collier, 
Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, supervised 
a research course at the Museum in South American and Middle 
American archaeology for three graduate students from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. During the year Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief 
Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic 
Ethnology, George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, and Curator 
Collier gave lectures in their special fields at the University of 
Chicago, Northwestern University, and the Art Institute of Chicago. 
While in Mexico City in January both Chief Curator Martin and 
Curator Collier gave lectures for the Mexican Society of Anthro- 
pology and the National School of Anthropology. Dr. Martin also 
lectured at the Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe in June and at 
the Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, in 
December. He acted as consultant in anthropology for Wilson 
College, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. 

70 



Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, held a botanical 
seminar for faculty and students at the University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor, in June, on aspects of plant morphology and evolution, 
conducted a class in the summer session at Northwestern University 
in biological evolution and modern society, and gave two botanical 
seminar talks in November at the University of Illinois, Urbana. 
Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian Botany, spoke before 
the ecology group at the University of Chicago in November, and 
in January Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the 
Herbarium, was Biology Day speaker at William Jewell College, 
Liberty, Missouri. Classes in botany from the University of Illinois, 
the University of Chicago, and Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, 
Indiana, visited the Department of Botany at various times during 
the year and were conducted through the laboratories and herbaria. 

The second section of the graduate course offered by the Uni- 
versity of Chicago in vertebrate paleontology (reptiles and mammals) 
was given in the Museum during the winter quarter by Dr. Everett C. 
Olson, Associate Professor of Vertebrate Paleontology at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago and Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates at 
the Museum. During the course Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 



Ann Paton (left) and Anne 
Crawford, undergraduate stu- 
dents from Antioch College 
employed in the Department 
of Geology, check Museum 
photographs of meteorites 
with originals. The Navajo 
meteorite in the foreground is 
one of about 850 specimens. 




71 



Mammals, lectured on various mammalian orders. An advanced 
course in the cranial morphology of vertebrates was offered at the 
Museum by the University of Chicago during the autumn quarter 
under the direction of Research Associate Olson. Lectures and 
demonstrations were given in the Division of Vertebrate Paleon- 
tology, Department of Geology, and dissection was conducted in 
the laboratory of the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, Department 
of Zoology, under the supervision of D. D wight Davis, Curator of 
Vertebrate Anatomy. Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Rep- 
tiles, Curator Patterson, and Curator Davis participated with Dr. 
Olson in the instruction. Curator Zangerl and Curator Patterson 
served as Lecturers in the Department of Geology of the University 
of Chicago. 

Lectures presented at other institutions by members of the staff 
of the Department of Zoology include the conduct of the course on 
arthropods at the University of Chicago, in the spring quarter, by 
Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator of Insects; a lecture before the 
zoology club of the University of Chicago by Curator Davis, who 
continued his association with the university as member of the 
Paleozoology Committee; a lecture before the ecology group of the 
university by Henry S. Dybas, Assistant Curator of Insects; two 
lectures before the undergraduate course in biology at the same 
university by Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes; and lectures at 
the University of Illinois by Curator Woods and Colin C. Sanborn, 
Curator of Mammals. A series of demonstrations and lectures by 
Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, was held in the 
Museum for a small group of students of the University of Chicago. 
The work of Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
at the Biological Station of the University of Virginia at Mountain 
Lake was essentially a co-operative arrangement in which the 
students who aided him profited from his instruction. 

Scientists from other institutions continued to make use of the 
research materials and laboratories of the Museum. Adrian Digby, 
Assistant Keeper of the American Collections, British Museum, 
London, spent a week in the Museum in the course of his survey of 
storage and exhibition methods in museums of the United States 
and examined the Middle and South American anthropological 
collections. Dr. Jos^ Cruxent, director of the National Museum 
of Natural Sciences, Caracas, Venezuela, spent some time studying 
the South American anthropological collections as well as methods 
of exhibition in anthropology and zoology. Dr. Heinrich Doering, 
director of the Museum fur Volkerkunde, Munich, studied the 

72 



Nazca ceramics from Peru; Miss Grace Denny, Professor of Textile 
Arts at the University of Washington, the Peruvian collection; 
Dr. Tullio Tentori, of the Royal Museum of Prehistory and Eth- 
nography, Rome, the collection of bows and arrows from North and 
South America; Dr. Henri Lehmann, of the Musee de I'Homme, 
Paris, the Aztec clay figurines; Dr. S. V. Cammann, of the University 
Museum, Philadelphia, the collection of Tibetan paintings and the 
Chinese collection; and E. B. Sayles, of Arizona State Museum, 
techniques of exhibition. R. B. Inverarity, director of the recently 
established International Folk Art Museum in Santa Fe, New 
Mexico, spent several days in consultation with the staff of the 
Department of Anthropology on problems of museum architecture, 
storage, and exhibition and, in connection with his researches on 
Northwest Coast art, studied the Northwest Coast collection. S. A. 
Cohagan, director of a museum-planning group in Waterloo, Iowa, 
consulted with Chief Curator Martin and other staff members. 

Many visiting botanists studied the collections in the Museum's 
Herbarium. Dr. Gabriel Gutierrez, of Medellin, Colombia, studied 
Cinchona and Leguminosae; Dr. David D. Keck, of the Carnegie 
Institution of Washington, Division of Plant Biology, Stanford, 
California, grasses; Dr. John T. Buchholz, of the University of 
Illinois, conifers of the Pacific area; Dr. Carlos Mufioz, of the 
Ministry of Agriculture, Santiago, Chile, Chilean plants; Emil P. 
Kruschke, of the Milwaukee Public Museum, Crataegus; Jesus 
Idrobo, of the Instituto Ciencias Naturales, Bogata, Colombia, 
Maranthaceae; and Dr. Grace C. Madsen and Dr. Chester S. Nielsen, 
both of Florida State University, Florida algae. 

Dr. Frank E. Peabody, of the University of Kansas, made use 
of the collections and facilities of the Division of Vertebrate Paleon- 
tology, Department of Geology, in his study of the type of Araeo- 
scelis. Dr. Charles A. Reed, of the College of Pharmacy, University 
of Illinois, worked on fossil carnivores; Dr. Walter Segall, of North- 
western University, continued his study of edentates; and Morris 
Skinner, of the Frick Laboratories, American Museum of Natural 
History, New York, investigated various fossil mammals. Dr. 
William E. Swinton, of the British Museum (Natural History), 
London, who was in the United States to study museum methods in 
many institutions, found time while in the Museum to investigate 
a few dinosaurs, his particular interest. 

The collections of the Department of Zoology in all of its Divisions 
were consulted by numerous visitors for specific studies, supple- 
menting the large use of the collections by loan to other institutions. 

73 



Of especial interest were consultations with Dr. William A. Craft, 
director of the Swine Breeding Laboratory at Ames, Iowa, and 
Colonel Edward N. Wentworth, of the Armour Livestock Bureau, 
with regard to the living species of wild pigs and their relation to 
problems in the domestic breeds. Dr. Robert Mertens, director of 
the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfort, Germany, who as one of the 
University of Frankfort University of Chicago exchange of staff was 
invited to make the Museum his headquarters while in Chicago, 
spent two months working on the collections in the Division of 
Reptiles and engaging in local field work with members of the staff. 
Use of the laboratory and collections of the Division of Anatomy 
during the year by various persons engaged in medical research was 
a gratifying demonstration of the usefulness of this Division to a 
wide field outside the Museum. Among those making such studies 
were Dr. E. L. Du Brul, of the College of Dentistry, University of 
Illinois (architecture of the skull in rabbits) ; Waldemar Meister, 
Chicago College of Osteopathy (microarchitecture of bone) ; Arne 
Bjork, of Vasteras, Sweden (prognathism in primate skulls) ; Dr. 
C. 0. Bechtol, of Oakland, California (anatomy of the shoulder); 
and H. F. Moseley, Toronto (anatomy of the shoulder in primates). 

The Museum co-operated with Dr. Willard F. Libby, of the 
Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, in his develop- 
ment of the carbon-14 method of dating archaeological, paleonto- 
logical, and paleobotanical remains. A number of wood samples of 
contemporary age from various parts of the world furnished to Dr. 
Libby from the Museum's anthropological and botanical collections 
were used in a world assay of organic materials that proved that the 
carbon-14 content of contemporary organic matter is the same re- 
gardless of the climate, altitude, and latitude of the place of origin. 
A sample of planking from the mortuary boat of King Sesostris III 
of Egypt, who died about 1849 B.C., was furnished to Dr. Libby 
as one of a half-dozen ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian speci- 
mens of known age used to test further the carbon-14 method. The 
carbon-14 date for this sample was 1751 ±400 B.C., the deviation 
from the known date, which is not absolutely accurate, thus falling 
well within the range of the calculated error. Dr. J. R. Arnold, of 
the Institute for Nuclear Studies and the carbon-14 project, visited 
the Museum's archaeological camp in New Mexico in order to co- 
operate with Chief Curator Martin on the techniques of gathering 
suitable samples to be used in carbon-14 dating of archaeological 
materials. He also wished to obtain first-hand knowledge of the 
most advanced methods of doing archaeological work. 

74 




Interested grammar-school students listen to their teacher's story of the panda. 



Students of African ethnology and physical anthropology, who 
came to the Museum mainly from the Air University Libraries, 
Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, and the dental schools of the 
University of Illinois and Northwestern University, were given 
assistance in their work. Miss Vivian Broman, of the University 
of Chicago, undertook the classification of the Maya collection in 
terms of the phase or period names in current use in Maya archae- 
ology; Miss Rose Lilien worked with the Museum's collection of 
Peruvian clay figurines in preparing a thesis for the degree of master 
of arts at Columbia University; and Philip Dark, graduate student 
at Yale University, made a study of the Djuka collection from 

75 



Dutch Guiana for a thesis on Djuka art. Miss Margaret Murley, 
graduate student in botany at Northwestern University, wrote her 
doctoral dissertation on seeds of the Cruciferae of eastern United 
States under the supervision of Chief Curator Just, and Nicholas 
Hotton III, a graduate student in geology at the University of 
Chicago, worked on the jaw apparatus of Xenecanth fishes under 
the direction of Research Associate Olson. Two graduate students 
at the University of Chicago, William J. Beecher, working on the 
functional anatomy of birds, and Robert F. Inger (of the staff), 
working on the Philippines Amphibia, were assigned to the general 
supervision of Chief Curator Schmidt, as Lecturer in the Depart- 
ment of Zoology of the University of Chicago. Much of the work 
of Robert Sokol, University of Chicago Museum Fellow in Zoology, 
studying plant lice under the direction of Research Associate Alfred 
E. Emerson, was done in the Museum's Division of Insects. 

Several staff members took part in radio and television programs 
during the year. Chief Curator Martin gave an interview-talk for 
the Voice of America radio program, which was broadcast to twenty- 
eight countries in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. He participated 
in a roundtable program on archaeology of the Southwest for the 
radio station in Santa Fe, New Mexico, was interviewed for the 
20th Century Limited radio program concerning the 1949 Southwest 
Archaeological Expedition, and, with Curator Quimby, gave an 
interview over radio station WMBI on the Museum's new Hall of 
Indian America (Hall 4). Chief Curator Schmidt made a transcrip- 
tion at the WMAQ radio studios for the radio station in Norfolk, 
Virginia, on the nature of a natural-history museum. Curator Woods 
appeared on a television program dealing with the Marineland 
aquarium at St. Augustine, Florida, and acted as consultant to 
Coronet Films in connection with short educational films. 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
SOCIETIES 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Alexander 
Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, George I. Quimby, Curator 
of Exhibits, and Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, 
attended the annual meetings of the Society for American Archae- 
ology and the Central States Branch of the American Anthropo- 
logical Association held in Bloomington, Indiana, in May. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, was 
chairman of the program committee of the first-named organization 

76 



and a member of the program committee of the second. Chief 
Curator Martin was elected a member of the Executive Council of 
the Society for American Archaeology and a member of the Council 
of the American Anthropological Association, and Curator Quimby 
was elected president of the Central States Branch. 

In August Chief Curator Martin, Dr. Rinaldo, and Miss Elaine 
Bluhm, assistant in the Department of Anthropology, attended the 
Southwestern Archaeological Conference in Santa Fe, New Mexico, 
for which Dr. Martin was a member of a planning committee of 
three. Dr. Martin also visited Gila Pueblo, Globe, Arizona, for a 
conference on Southwestern pottery. As representative from the 
American Anthropological Association, Curator Collier attended the 
annual meeting of the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of 
the National Research Council, held in Washington, D.C., in May. 
He continued to serve as a member of the Committee on Carbon-14 
Dating of the American Anthropological Association and during the 
year attended three meetings of the committee, two in Chicago and 
one in New York. In September he attended in New York the 
annual meetings of the Institute of Andean Research, the Viking 
Fund seminars, and, as official representative of the Museum, the 
International Congress of Americanists. Curator Quimby also 
attended the seminars and the Congress, to which his expenses were 
generously defrayed by the Viking Fund, Inc. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, Dr. Jos4 Cuatrecasas, 
Curator of Colombian Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of 
Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic 
Botany, Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the Herbar- 
ium, and Dr. Hanford Tiffany and Donald Richards, Research Asso- 
ciates in Cryptogamic Botany, attended the meetings of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science in New York in De- 
cember. Chief Curator Just reported to the Paleobotanical Section 
of the Botanical Society of America on the activities of the Com- 
mittee on Paleobotanical Nomenclature, of which he is chairman. 
He served in 1949 as chairman of the membership committee of the 
Society for the Study of Evolution and was elected secretary of the 
society for 1950-52. Curator Cuatrecasas was appointed a member 
of the organization committee of the Third South American Botanical 
Congress, to be held in Bogata, Colombia, in 1953, and Associate 
Curator Steyermark was elected secretary of the Systematic Section 
of the Society of Plant Taxonomists. Research Associate Tiffany 
as president presided over the meetings of the Phycological Society 
of America, and Research Associate Richards was elected chairman 

77 



of the nominating committee of the American Bryological Society. 
During the year Associate Curator Steyermark was elected to 
honorary membership in Friends of Our Native Landscape, re-elected 
president of the Harrington (Illinois) Natural History Society, and 
re-appointed delegate from the Museum to the Conservation Council 
of Chicago. 

Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, and Dr. Albert 
A. Dahlberg, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates, attended a 
conference on the fossil man-apes, Australopithecinae, of South 
Africa, held in New York in August under the sponsorship of the 
Viking Fund, Inc. Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, Dr. Everett C. 
Olson, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates, and Curator 
Patterson attended the annual meetings of the Society of Vertebrate 
Paleontology and the Geological Society of America held in El Paso, 
Texas, in November and gave reports on work in progress. Research 
Associate Olson served as secretary-treasurer of the Society of Verte- 
brate Paleontology throughout the year. 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator of Birds, and Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, attended the 1949 meeting of the 
American Ornithologists' Union at Buffalo. Dr. Austin L. Rand, 
Curator of Birds, is a member of the Council and chairman of the 
Brewster Award Committee of this society. Curator Rand and 
Associate Curator Blake served on the board of directors of the 
Illinois Audubon Society, of which Dr. R. M. Strong, Research 
Associate in Anatomy, is president. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant 
Curator of Insects, was president in 1949 of the Chicago Entomo- 
logical Society, and Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
was elected president of the American Malacological Union. Karl 
P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, continued as treasurer of 
the Society for the Study of Evolution. As representative of the 
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists on the 
National Research Council and to the American Institute of Bio- 
logical Sciences he attended the annual meetings in May of both 
Council and Institute, and as delegate of the Museum and of the 
National Research Council he attended the Seventh Pacific Science 
Congress in New Zealand in February. He is a member of the 
Pacific Science Board, the committee of the National Research 
Council charged with the screening of Fulbright Fund applications 
in zoology, and the Committee for Research of the Chicago Zoological 
Society, and was elected a corresponding member of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

78 



Publications of staff members during 1949 other than those issued 
by the Museum Press included the following titles: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Collier, Donald 

Review of A Bibliography of Ancient Man in California (by Robert F. Heizer), 
in American Anthropologist, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 497 

Review of Boletin Bihliografico de Anthropologia Americana, Vol. 10, in 
American Anthropologist, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 498 

Review of Excavations in the Cuenca Region, Ecuador (by Wendell C. Bennett), 
in American Antiquity, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 168-169 

Re\new of Handbook of Latin American Studies, No. 11, in American An- 
thropologist, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 497 

Hambly, Wilfrid D. 

Talking Animals (Washington, D.C.: The Associated Publishers, Inc.), x+100 
pages, illustrated by James A. Porter 

Martin, Paul S., George I. Quimby, and Donald Collier 

Indians before Columbus, Twenty Thousand Years of North American History 
Revealed by Archeology (University of Chicago Press [1947, third impression 
1949J), xxiii+582 pages, 122 illustrations 

Quimby, George I. 

"Archaeology, Western Hemisphere," in 19I^9 Britannica Book of the Year, 
A Record of ... Events of 19^8 (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.), 
pp. 58-60 

"A Hopewell Tool for Decorating Pottery," American Antiquity, vol. 14, 
no. 4, p. 344 

Rinaldo, John B. 

Review of A)i Early Pit House Village of the Mogollon Culture, Forestdale 
Valley, Arizona (by Emil W. Haury), in American Antiquity, vol. 15, no. 1, 
p. 66-67 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Review of Fijian Village (by Buell Quain), in Social Forces, vol. 27, no. 4, 
pp. 440-441 

"The Generation Type Kinship System in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands," 
Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, vol. 5, no. 2. pp. 107-116 

Review of Social Organization (by Robert H. Lowie), in American Sociological 
Review, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 175 

"Southwestern Pithouses," American Antiquity, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 55 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Cuatrecasas, Jose 

"Una Nueva Fruta Tropical Americana: El Borojo," Serie Botanica Aplicada, 
Departamento del Valle del Cauca, Republica de Colombia, vol. 2, no. 5, 
pp. 474-481 

Cutler, Hugh C. 

"Races of Maize in South America," Revista de Agricultura, no. 4, pp. 18-29; 
no. 5, pp. 3-28 

79 




Alhson-Liehchall 



Delegates attending the National Congress of 4-H Clubs in Chicago look over the 
display of picture post cards in the Museum Book Shop during their annual visit. 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY (continued) 

Just, Theodor 

"The Nomenclature of Fossil Plants," American Journal of Botany, vol. 36, 
no. 1, pp. 28-32 

"Some Aspects of Plant Morphology and Evolution," in Genetics, Paleontology, 
and Evolution (Princeton University Press), pp. 90-100 

Sherff, Earl E. 

"Introduction" to "Symposium on Botanical Nomenclature," American 
Journal of Botany, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1-4 

"Miscellaneous Notes on Dicotvledonous Plants," American Journal of 
Botany, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 499-511 

"A New Variety of Gnaphalium sandwicensium Gaud, in the Hawaiian 
Islands," Lloydia, vol. 11, no. 4, p. 309 

"Some New or Otherwise Noteworthy Dicotyledonous Plants from the 
Hawaiian Islands," Occasional Papers of Bernice P. Bishop Museum, vol. 22, 
no. 1, pp. 1-25 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Effects of Damming Ozark Springs," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 

vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 41-48 

"Fate of Missouri's Forests," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 37, 

no. 5, pp. 126-127 

"Lindera melissaefolia," Rhodora, vol. 51, no. 608, pp. 153-161 

"New Missouri Plant Records (1946-1948)," Rhodora, vol. 51, no. 606, 

pp. 115-119 

"The Persimmon Tree," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 37, no. 9, 

pp. 192-195 

80 



Steybrmark, Julian A. (continued) 

"Plants New to Illinois or Chicago Area in Illinois," Rhodora, vol. 51, no. 607, 
pp. 147-148 

"Plant Survey in Fountain Grove Reveals Rare Shrub," Missouri Conserva- 
tionist, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 14-15 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Patterson, Bryan 

"Rates of Evolution in Taeniodonts," in Genetics, Paleontology, and Evolution 
(Princeton University Press), pp. 243-278 

Roy, Sharat K. 

"Gem Collection of Chicago Natural History Museum," Gems and Gemology, 
vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 99-103 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Bauer, Margaret Jean 

Animal Babies (Chicago and New York: M. A. Donohue and Company), 
88 pages, 12 color plates, 58 marginal drawings 

Blake, Emmet R. 

"Booby's Beak Imbedded in Black Marlin's Back," Auk, vol. 66, p. 78 

"First American Records of Tropical American Birds," Natural History 

Miscellanea, no. 42, pp. 1-3 

"Ictinia missisipiensis Collected in Paraguay," Auk, vol. 66, p. 82 

"The Nest of the Colima Warbler in Texas," Wilson Bulletin, vol. 61, 

pp. 65-67, 1 photograph 

Conover, Boardman 

"A New Race of Rallus nigricans from Colombia," Proceedings of the Bio- 
logical Society of Washington, vol. 62, pp. 173-174 

Davis, D. Dwight 

"Comparative Anatomy and the Evolution of Vertebrates," in Genetics, 
Paleontology, and Evolution (Princeton University Press), pp. 64-89 

Haas, Fritz 

"An Overlooked Chinese Unionid," Nautilus, vol. 63, p. 70 

"Some Land and Freshwater Mollusks from Guatemala," Nautilus, vol. 62, 

pp. 136-138 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Generic Names of the Four-eyed Pouch Opossum and the Woolly Opossum 
(Didelphidae)," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 62, 
pp. 11-12 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 4: Monkeys 
(Primates), with Taxonomic Revisions of Some Forms," Proceedings of the 
United States National Museum, vol. 98, pp. 323-427, 3 figures 
"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 5: Bats (Chirop- 
tera)," Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. 99, pp. 429- 
454, 1 figure 

"Technical Names for the Fallow Deer," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 30, p. 94 
"Technical Names of the African Muishond (Genus Zorilla) and the Co- 
lombian Hog-nosed Skunk (Genus Conepatus)," Proceedings of the Biological 
Society of Washington, vol. 62, pp. 13-16 

81 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Pope, Clifford H. 

Review of Bibliography of Animal Venoms (by R. W. Harmon and C. B. 
Pollard), in Copeia, 1949, p. 83 

"A New Species of Salamander (Plelhodon) from Southwestern Virginia," 
Natural History Miscellanea, no. 47, pp. 1-4 [with J. A. Fowler] 

"The Salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus amphileucus Reduced to 
Synonymy," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 44, pp. 1-4 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Altitudinal Variation in an African Grass Warbler (Cisticola hunteri Shelley)," 
Natural History Miscellanea, no. 43, pp. 1-8 

"Distributional Notes on Canadian Birds," Canadian Field-Naturalist, vol. 62, 
pp. 175-180 

Review of Ecologic Races of Song Sparrows in the San Francisco Bay Region: 
Part I, Habitat and Abundance; Part II, Geographical Variation (by Joe T. 
Condor Marshall), in Auk, vol. 66, pp. 295-296 

Review of The Parasitic Cuckoos of Africa (by Herbert Friedmann), in 
Scientific Monthly, vol. 49, pp. 67-69 

"Variation in Dumetella carolinensis," Auk, vol. 66, pp. 25-28 [with Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr.] 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

"Cavies of Southern Peru," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 

vol. 63, pp. 133-134 

"Extension of the Range of the African Bat, Myotis bocagei cupreolus Thomas," 

Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 30, p. 315 

"Hoy's Pygmy Shrew in Illinois," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 36, pp. 1-2 

[with Douglas E. Tibbitts] 

"Mammals from the Rio Ucayali, Peru," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 30, 

pp. 277-288, 1 figure 

"Mexican Records of the Bat, Centurio senex," Journal of Mammalogy, 

vol. 30, pp. 198-199 

"A New Species of Rice Rat (Oryzomys) from the Coast of Peru," Publicaciones 

del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado," Lima, Peru, Ser. A., Zoologica, 

Ano 1, no. 3, pp. 1-4 

"Notes on the Caroline Sheath-tailed Bat (Emballonura sulcata Miller)," 

Natural History Miscellanea, no. 48, pp. 1-2 

"The Status of Akodon andinus polius Osgood," Journal of Mammalogy^ 
vol. 30, p. 315 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Review of Boy's Book of Snakes, Hoiv to Recognize and Understand Them 
(by Percy A. Morris), in Copeia, 1949, p. 83 

Review of East of the Andes and West of Nowhere, A Naturalist's Wife in 
Colombia (by Nancy Bell Bates), in Copeia, 1949, pp. 302-303 

Review of High Jungle (by William Beebe), in Copeia, 1949, p. 303 
Review of Naturalist's South Pacific Expedition: Fiji (by Otto Degener), in 
Scientific Monthly, vol. 49, p. 344 

Principles of Animal Ecology (Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company), 
vii+837 pages, 263 figures [with W. C. Allee, Alfred E. Emerson, Orlando 
Park, and Thomas Park] 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

"The Prediction of Longshore Currents," Transactions of the American 
Geophysical Union, vol. 30, pp. 337-345 

82 



At the annual meeting of the American Association of Museums 
held in Chicago in May the Director of this Museum was elected a 
member of the Council, governing board of the Association. Miss 
Miriam Wood, Chief of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation, spoke on teaching botany to children before the 
Children's Museum Section of the Association, which met in the 
lecture hall of this Museum, and Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian 
of the Museum, read a paper on exchange of serial publications among 
scientific organizations before the Librarians' Section, which met at 
the Oriental Institute. Mrs. Eunice M. Gemmill, Associate Li- 
brarian, and Mrs. Howell attended the Midwinter Conference of 
the American Library Association in Chicago in January and meet- 
ings during the year of the American Library Association, Chicago 
Library Club, Illinois Regional Group of Cataloguers, and Special 
Libraries Association. 

Several staff members of the Museum serve in editorial capacities 
on scientific journals. Upon his departure in October for field work 
on Saipan Curator Spoehr resigned the book-review editorship of 
the American Anthropologist, and Curator Collier, who continued as 
contributing editor of El Palacio, was appointed to the position. 
Chief Curator Just is editor of Lloydia and on the editorial board 
of Ecology and Evolution, and Research Associate Sherff is a member 
of the editorial committee of Brittonia. Curator Zangerl continued 
as regional editor of the news bulletin of the Society of Vertebrate 
Paleontology. Chief Curator Schmidt is herpetological editor of 
Copeia, section editor of Biological Abstracts for amphibians and 
reptiles, and consulting editor of American Midland Naturalist. 



One of the busiest spots in the Museum is the children's lunchroom, where tables 
and benches are provided for the hundreds of school children who bring lunches. 




83 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Sales in the Museum's Book Shop totaled $29,614.53, of which 
mail orders amounted to $2,137.98. The Book Shop is the exclusive 
distributor of a number of items, including the book Heads and Tales 
by Malvina Hoffman, the ''Map of Mankind" (a chart and pamphlet 
that deal with the world distribution of racial types, both illustrated 
with photographs of Hoffman sculptures), and certain publications 
of the Geographic Society of Chicago. During the year the Museum, 
through the Book Shop, undertook to act as distributor for the 
publications of the late Dr. A. J. Grout, well-known authority on 
mosses, by taking over from the executor of his estate the entire 
stock of his books. In acting as agent, the Museum is chiefly con- 
cerned with making these fundamental reference works and text- 
books available to students and research workers in the special field 
of cryptogamic botany. A reprint of eight bird plates from the 
portfolio of paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Abyssinian Birds 
and Mammals, a Museum publication long out of print, was placed 
on sale in the Book Shop late in the year. The sale of "Museum 
Stories for Children," written by members of the Raymond Founda- 
tion staff, continued as an important activity. Orders received by 
mail accounted for the sale of 30,589 copies of these stories. 

CAFETERIA 

The Museum again achieved new records in attendance in its cafe- 
teria and lunchroom. In all, 256,179 people were served, an increase 
of almost 7,000 over last year, which marks the first time that the 
service has reached more than a quarter of a million people. Total 
sales, however, were slightly less than in the preceding year. Altera- 
tions in kitchen and serving equipment have speeded up service, 
resulting in considerably less delay to customers. 

MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENGINEERING 

Tuckpointing and masonry repairs in all light courts of the Museum 
building were completed during the year. The lower marble steps 
at the North Entrance were reset where necessary and tuckpointed, 
and a black top-covering was put on the north and west-door terraces 
and over the shipping and boiler rooms to re-establish smooth 
walking surfaces and to waterproof the areas beneath them. Light- 
ning-rod points were installed on high points of the roof and stack. 
Extensive measures for the extermination of termites were continued. 

84 



Moving of exhibits and exhibition cases from Hall B on the 
ground floor to Hall 4 (Indian America) on the first floor was com- 
pleted. Larger poison pans were installed in the cases in eight of 
the exhibition halls to provide for the use of a bulkier insecticide 
that would eliminate any possibility of fire or explosion hazard. A 
room on the third floor in the Department of Botany was remodeled 
for use as a plant-poisoning room. A much-needed addition was 
the installation in the photography storage room of a large air- 
conditioning unit that allows valuable film negatives to be stored 
under the ideal conditions of temperature and humidity necessary 
for safe preservation of all photographic emulsions. 

Lighting of exhibition cases was improved in several exhibition 
halls, and Hall 4 was rewired to accommodate the exhibition cases 
moved from Hall B. Installation of fluorescent lighting was con- 
tinued, and maintenance work was done on electrical fixtures and 
plumbing as needed during the year. The heating plant was com- 
pletely renovated. One of the four old boilers was rebuilt for use 
in emergency and three were replaced with two new boilers of larger 
capacity. This improvement necessitated wrecking three old boilers, 
tearing out and replacing the boiler-room floor and foundations, and 
contracting for plumbing, electrical work, pipe covering, steam 
fitting, and brick work. Fires were laid under the rebuilt boiler the 
last of September to dry out the brick work, and steam was furnished 
with this boiler until completion of the new units, which were placed 
in service about the middle of November. An automatic firing- 
control panel and a new feed water-heater tank were installed. The 
steam pressure has been raised from eighty to one hundred pounds, 
with the result that more even temperature can be maintained 
throughout the building than was possible with the old boilers. 
Under contracts in force, 13,443,747 pounds of steam were furnished 
to the John G. Shedd Aquarium and 14,222,792 pounds to the 
Chicago Park District, a total of 27,666,539 pounds delivered. 



In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements (1948, 1949), attendance statistics and door receipts 
(1948, 1949), list of accessions, list of Members, articles of incorpora- 
tion, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 

85 



COMPARATIVE FINANCIAL 
STATEMENTS 

FOR YEARS 1948 AND 1949 

Income 1949 1948 

Endowment funds $708,582.49 $655,156.94 

Funds held under annuity 

agreement 16,250.00 

Life Membership Fund 9,723.03 8,957.65 

Associate Membership Fund . 12,891.34 11,739.92 

Chicago Park District 134,003.04 118,038.05 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 19,125.00 18,525.00 

Admissions 30,694.75 32,211.25 

Sundry receipts 23,927.77 26,461.23 

Contributions, general pur- 
poses 886.83 641.00 

Contributions, special pur- 
poses (expended per 
contra) 25,927.67 117,590.21 

Special funds — part e.xpended 
for purpose designated 
(included per contra) .... 17,894.10 13,935.24 

$983,656.02 $1,019,506.49 

Expenditures 

Collections $ 41,417.37 $ 28,478.96 

Operating expenses capital- 
ized and added to collec- 
tions 67,114.92 55,036.99 

Expeditions 42,645.34 49,178.50 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 11,116.06 110,036.31 

Wages capitalized and added 

to fixtures 4,718.70 2,981.16 

Pensions and group insurance 74,830.94 68,860.25 

Departmental expenses 89,171.29 79,212.61 

General operating expense... 519,799.74 523,762.48 

Building repairs and altera- 
tions 130,701.90 74,807.37 

Annuity on contingent gift 16,250.00 

$981,516.26 $1,008,604.63 

Balance $ 2,139.76 $ 10,901.86 



The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 





1949 


1948 


Income from endowments . . 


. $ 18,328.29 


$ 17,493.74 


Expenditures 


21,932.94 


19,649.22 



Deficit $ 3.604.65 $ 2,155.48 

86 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1948 AND 1949 



1949 1948 

Total attendance 1,145,359 1,134,643 

Paid attendance 122,779 128,845 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 26,923 

School children 79,487 

Teachers 2,974 

Members 455 

Service men and women 1,380 

Special meetings 2,096 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (51) 145,902 

Saturdays (52) 302,946 

Sundays (51) 460,417 

Highest attendance on any day 

(September 4) 11,859 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 16) 169 (March 3) 165 

Highest paid attendance (September 5) . 3,739 (July 5) 3,616 



Average daily admissions (363 days) .... 3,155 (364 days) 3,117 

Average paid admissions (209 days). . . . 587 (209 days) 616 





26,721 




71,285 




2,672 




402 




1,581 




871 


' (52) 


143,502 


(51) 


274,785 


(52) 


483,979 


(July 4) 


14,609 



Number of guides sold 22,207 23,810 

Number of articles checked 33,763 40,836 

Number of picture post cards sold 168,862 241,776 



Sales of publications, both scientific and 

popular, and photographs $10,387.98 $11,898.41 

87 



ACCESSIONS, 1949 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Bahr, a. W., Montreal, Canada: 1 
stone Buddhistic head — China (gift in 
memory of Dr. Berthold Laufer). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Donald J. Lehmer 
(Mexican [Sonora] Archaeological Ex- 
pedition, 1949): stone implements and 
potsherds — Sonora, Mexico. 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1949): 170 specimens, including stone 
and bone artifacts, shell ornaments, 
pottery vessels and sherds, 1 clay 
figurine, and 3 fragmentary skeletons — 
near Reserve, New Mexico. 

Purchase: 4 Indian peace medals, 174 
arrowheads, 11 bone awls, 1 bone 
flesher, 1 antler hoe, 38 stone scrapers, 
1 stone celt, 1 stone blade, 6 stone 
knives, 5 arrow smoothers, 1 stone club- 
head, 1 stone ball, 1 stone amulet, and 
104 potsherds — near Pierre, South 
Dakota. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 2 flint flakes— Spain (gift). 

Haeger, E. a., Palos Heights, Illi- 
nois: 1 carved wood statue — Tabar 
Island, Melanesia (gift). 

Heller, Dr. Hilda H., Arequipa, 
Peru: 1 stone club-head, probably Inca 
— near Huanuco, Peru (gift). 

Larsen, Gladys, Chicago: 3 flint 
axes — Denmark (gift). 

Louisiana State University, Baton 
Rouge: about 5,000 specimens, includ- 



ing some restorable pots, artifacts of 
stone, bone, shell, and fired clay, and 
many potsherds, representing prehistory 
of the Lower Mississippi Valley — 
Louisiana (gift). 

Mallory, Nivvie G., Chicago: 1 
Indian mortar — near Cambridge, Ne- 
braska (gift). 

Miller, B. T., Logansport, Indiana: 
18 ethnological specimens — Geelvink 
Bay, Dutch New Guinea (gift). 

Morrill, Mrs. W. P., Chicago: 50 
stone axes and broken arrowheads 
(gift). 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron, Highland 
Park, Illinois: 74 Polynesian ethno- 
logical specimens, 1 from Samoa, and 
1 case of koa wood — Hawaii and Samoa 
(gift). 

Putnam, P., Belgian Congo, Africa: 
1 Bantu mask of wood, 1 Bantu basket 
— Belgian Congo (gift). 

SoGGE, Esther M., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 3 pots, 1 drill, 1 bone awl, 6 pro- 
jectile points — Spur Lake, New Mexico 
(gift). 

TuLLY, Colonel J. K., Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 whaling harpoon, 2 bone 
arrowheads — Nome, Alaska (gift). 

Warren, Allyn D., Chicago: 1 
wood carving of Vishnu mounted on 
Garuda, 1 carved wood plaque — Bali, 
Dutch East Indies (gift). 

Wheeler, Mrs. R. C, Chicago: 1 
shrunken head — Ecuador (gift). 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY-ACCESSIONS 



Anderson, Dr. Edgar, St Louis: 3 
plant specimens (gift). 

Andrade, Dr. Humberto de, Forta- 
leza, Brazil: 5 specimens of Carnauba 
wax (gift). 

Apolinar-Marie, Brother, Bogota, 
Colombia: 23 specimens of Colombian 
plants (gift). 

Arrazagola, Raoul, Buenaventura, 
Colombia: 15 boards for exhibits (gift). 



Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Medellin, 
Colombia: 83 specimens of algae (gift). 

Bauer, Bill, Webster Groves, Mis- 
souri: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Benninghoff, Dr. W. S., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 4 specimens of soil algae 
(gift). 

Bermudez, Dr. Luis A., Call, Co- 
lombia: 60 specimens of Colombian 
plants (exchange). 



88 



Beuttas, Paul J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Blomquist, Dr. Hugo L., Durham, 
North Carolina: 2 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Blum, Dr. John L., Buffalo: 153 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Bold, Dr. Harold C, Nashville, 
Tennessee: 1 cryptogamic specimen 
(gift). 

Botanical Museum, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
135 specimens of Colombian plants 
(gift). 

BotanischeStaatsanstalt, Munich, 
Germany: 56 plant specimens, 189 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

Bowden, Dr. Wray M., Ottawa, 
Ontario, Canada: 6 plant specimens 
(gift). 

Brannon, Dr. Melvin A., Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 70 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Breen, Dr. Ruth O. Schomhurst, 
Tallahassee, Florida: 11 specimens of 
marine algae (gift). 

Brenckle, Dr. J. F., Mellette, 
South Dakota: 170 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

Brieger, Dr. F. G., Piracicaba, 
Brazil: 50 ears of Indian maize (gift). 

British Guiana Forest Depart- 
ment, Georgetown: 12 boards of local 
lumber for exhibit (gift). 

BucHHOLZ, Dr. John T., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 photographic prints, 2 speci- 
mens of Kauri gum (gift). 

California, University of. De- 
partment OF Botany, Berkeley: 148 
specimens of Colombian plants, 63 
specimens of algae (gift); 376 plant 
specimens, 250 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 1 specimen of Metase- 
quoia (exchange). 

Cardenas, Dr. Martin, Cocha- 
bamba, Bolivia: 276 specimens of 
Bolivian plants (gift). 

Cascard, Ben, Chicago: 8 specimens 
of fungi (gift). 

Castaneda, Dr. Rafael Romero, 
Bogota, Colombia: 33 specimens of 
Bolivian plants (exchange). 

Caylor, Dr. R. L., Cleveland, Missis- 
sippi: 22 specimens of algae (gift). 

Central Experimental Farm, Ot- 
tawa, Ontario, Canada: 94 specimens 
of Canadian plants (exchange). 



Chandler, Albert, Kirkwood, Mis- 
souri: 1 plant specimen (gift). ^ 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 11 specimens of algae (gift). 

Chase, Virginius H., Peoria, Illi- 
nois: 2 plant specimens (gift); 1,018 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Francis Drouet and 
others (Gulf States Botanical Expedi- 
tion, 1948-49): about 15,000 specimens 
of cryptogams. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel and 
Rodger D. Mitchell (Guatemalan Zoo- 
logical Expedition, 1948): 27 crypto- 
gamic specimens. 

Purchases: 87 plant specimens — 
Uruguay. 

CoNDiT, Dr. Ira J., Riverside, 
California: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Cooper, Dr. I. C. G., Westerleigh, 
Staten Island, New York: 2 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift). 

Cornell University, Wiegand 
Herbarium, Ithaca, New York: 364 
plant specimens from Georgia (ex- 
change) . 

Coursen, Dr. B., Chicago: 9 speci- 
mens of marine algae (gift). 

Cribb, Dr. a. B., Brisbane, Aus- 
tralia: 51 specimens of algae (gift). 

Crowson, Dorothy, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 11 specimens of algae (gift). 

Culberson, William, Cincinnati: 52 
specimens of fungi (gift). 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 39 
plant specimens from Brazil and United 
States (gift). 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 2 specimens of algae (ex- 
change). 

Dalmat, Dr. Herbert T., Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 1 cryptogamic 
specimen (gift). 

Dawson, Dr. E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Deam, Charles C, Bluffton, In- 
diana: 7 plant specimens (gift). 

DiLLER, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 
25 specimens of cultures of algae (gift). 

DoRE, Reverend Thomas Louis, 
Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada: 5 speci- 
mens of algae (gift). 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Evanston, 
lUinois: 79 specimens of hepatics (gift). 



89 



Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 3 
plant specimens (gift). 

Dybas, Henry S., Hazelcrest, Illi- 
nois: 27 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Ecuadorian Balsa Export Com- 
pany, Guyaquil, Ecuador: 17 boards 
of tropical woods for exhibit (gift). 

Enslin, Mrs. Charlotte M., Oma- 
ruru. South West Africa: 2 wood speci- 
mens (gift). 

Evans, Dr. R., Madison, Wisconsin: 
33 specimens of cultures of Myxo- 
phyceae (gift). 

Facultad Agronomia de Colombia, 
Cali, Colombia: 170 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Feigley, Margaret, Wilmette, Illi- 
nois: 35 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Fix, Caroline E., Utica, New York: 
14 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Flint, Dr. Lewis H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 34 specimens of algae (ex- 
change). 

Florida, University of. Herbar- 
ium, Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, Gainesville: 80 specimens of fungi 
(exchange). 

Frase, Mrs. Louis D., Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Chicago: 
105 plant specimens from Illinois and 
California (gift). 

GiER, Dr. L. J., Liberty, Missouri: 
4 specimens of algae (gift). 

Giles, George H., Wilsonville, Ne- 
braska: 13 specimens of algae (gift). 

Glassman, Sidney F., Norman, 
Oklahoma: 28 specimens of algae (gift). 

Graham, Dr. Verne O., Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Grand Rapids Public Museum, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan: 187 speci- 
mens of ferns (gift). 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 17 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 5 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift). 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 590 speci- 
mens of mosses and lichens (exchange). 

Hewetson, William T., Freeport, 
Illinois: 1 grass specimen (gift). 

Hillier, Dr. Frances Wynne, Chi- 
cago: 15 specimens of mosses (gift). 



Hodge, Dr. Walter H., Amherst, 
Massachusetts: 155 specimens of South 
American plants (exchange). 

Hogshead, Raymond C, North 
Miami, Florida: 13 plant specimens 
(gift). 

HoLDRiDGE, Dr. L. R., Turrialba, 
Costa Rica: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

HoTCHKiss, Arland T., Dryden, New 
York: 10 specimens of algae (gift). 

HuMM, Dr. Harold J., Beaufort, 
North Carolina: 23 specimens of algae 
(gift); 41 specimens of algae (exchange). 

Instituto de Botanica Darvvinion, 
San Isidro, Argentina: 30 specimens of 
Argentine plants (exchange). 

Instituto Geobiologico La Salle, 
Canoas, Brazil: 50 specimens of Bra- 
zilian plants (exchange). 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universi- 
dad Nacional de Tucuman, Tucuman, 
Argentina: 294 specimens of Argentine 
plants (exchange). 

Jones, Mrs. Edith, West Palm 
Beach, Florida: 7 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Jones, Dr. G. Neville, Urbana, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Kansas, University of. Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Lawrence: 522 speci- 
mens of Kansas plants (exchange). 

KiENER, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, Ne- 
braska: 144 specimens of algae (gift); 
77 specimens of algae (exchange). 

Klouzer, James V., Berwyn, Illinois: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Le Frois, Bernard J., S.V.D., 
Techny, Illinois: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift). 

Leite, Dr. J. Eugenio, Nova-Fri- 
burgo, Brazil: 43 specimens of Brazilian 
plants (exchange). 

Leon, Brother, Havana, Cuba: 1 
specimen of palm seeds (gift). 

LooMis, Dr. Nina H., Los Angeles: 
36 specimens of algae (gift). 

Louderback, Harold B., Argo, Illi- 
nois: 5 specimens of algae (gift). 

Macedo, Dr. Amaro, Ituitaba, Bra- 
zil: 9 plant specimens (gift). 

Madsen, Dr. Grace C, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 45 specimens of marine algae 
(gift). 

Maneval, Dr. W. E., Columbia, 
Missouri: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Matuda, Eizi, Escuintla, Chiapas, 
Mexico: 560 specimens of Mexican 



90 



plants (gift) ; 250 specimens of Mexican 
plants (exchange). 

May, Dr. Valerie, Cronulla, New 
South Wales, Australia: 12 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift). 

Melhus, Dr. I. E., Antigua, Guate- 
mala: 8 plant specimens (gift). 

Merino y Coronado, Dr. J., 
Caracas, Venezuela: 10 plant specimens 
(gift). 

Meyer, Dr. Fred G., St. Louis: 91 
specimens of North American plants 
(gift). 

Michigan, University of. Her- 
barium, Ann Arbor: 699 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Minnesota, University of. De- 
partment OF Botany, Minneapolis: 
69 specimens of Minnesota plants (ex- 
change). 

Missouri, University of, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Columbia: 122 speci- 
mens of fungi (exchange). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 13 specimens of Panama plants 
(gift) ; 380 specimens of Panama plants 
(exchange). 

Moldenke, Dr. Harold N., New 
York: 518 photographic prints (ex- 
change). 

Museo Forestal Universidad de 
Agricultura, Bogota, Colombia: 52 
specimens of Colombian plants (ex- 
change). 

Museo de Historia Natural, Uni- 
versidad Nacional de San Agustin, 
Arequipa, Peru: 26 specimens of Peru- 
vian plants (gift). 

Museo Nacional de Historia Nat- 
ural, Santiago, Chile: 23 photographic 
prints (exchange). 

Museum National d'Histoire Nat- 

URELLE, LABORATOIRE DE CrYPTO- 

gamie, Paris, France: 420 specimens of 
algae (exchange). 

Myers, Dr. Jack, Austin, Texas: 10 
specimens of cultures of algae (gift). 

Nelson, Mrs. Natalie C, Chicago: 
3 specimens of fungi (gift). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 34 specimens of Ecuadorian 
plants (gift); 79 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., and Dr. 
Grace C. Madsen, Tallahassee, Florida: 
423 specimens of algae (gift). 

Oakes, Orville a., Wilmette, Illi- 
nois: 1 specimen of Metasequoia wood 
(gift). 



Osborn, Dr. Ben O., San Angelo, 
Texas: 13 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia: 52 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Pennak, Dr. R. W., Boulder, Colo- 
rado: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Pioneer Hybrid Corn Company, 
Johnston, Iowa: 400 ears of corn (gift). 

Queensland, University of. De- 
partment OF Botany, Brisbane, Aus- 
tralia: 17 specimens of marine algae 
(exchange). 

Reed, T. J., Liberty ville, lUinois: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift). 

Richards, Donald, Fund: 2,300 
specimens of algae from New Bruns- 
wick; 100 specimens of hepatics from 
Japan; 50 specimens of algae, 500 speci- 
mens of mosses, and 17 large lots of 
mosses from New Zealand (gift). 

Richards, Elmer J., Fund: 2,011 
specimens of algae of the Francis Wolle 
Herbarium (gift). 

Rodriguez, Dr. Jose Calienes, 
Arequipa, Peru: 26 specimens of Peru- 
vian plants (gift). 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 6 speci- 
mens of lichens (gift). 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Quebec, Canada: 82 specimens of algae 

(gift). 

Sainsbury, G. O. a., Wairoa, New 
Zealand: 50 specimens of mosses (ex- 
change). 

ScHULTEs, Dr. Richard Evans, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 708 speci- 
mens of South American plants (gift); 
13 specimens of South American plants 
(exchange). 

Scott, Dr. A. M., New Orleans: 2 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Scott, Milton, Miami, Florida: 119 
wood specimens (exchange). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 108 
specimens of Hawaiian plants, 18 nega- 
tives, 25 photographic prints (gift). 

SiLBERMAN, Mrs. Otto A., Chicago: 
4 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Southern California, University 
OF, Allan Hancock Foundation, Los 
Angeles: 175 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange). 

Steyermark, Mrs. Cora S., Barring- 
ton, Illinois: 1 cryptogamic specimen 
(gift). 

Storrs, H. C, De Funiak Springs, 
Florida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 



91 



SuTLiFFE, Mrs. E. C, San Francisco: 
11 specimens of hepatics (exchange). 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 96 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Tennessee, University of. De- 
partment OF Botany, Knoxville: 7 
plant specimens (gift); 295 specimens 
of plants from Mexico and Guatemala 
(exchange). 

Tessmann, Dr. Gunter, Curitiba, 
Parana, Brazil: 43 specimens of Bra- 
zilian plants (gift). 

Texas, University of, Department 
OF Botany, Austin: 260 plant speci- 
mens, 51 specimens of mosses (ex- 
change). 

Tharp, Dr. Benjamin C., Austin, 
Texas: 4 specimens of algae (gift). 

Tiffany, Dr. Hanford, Evanston, 
Illinois: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 6 fossil specimens 
of Metasequoia for exhibit (gift); 1,178 
plant specimens, 130 photographic 
prints, 1 photostat, 50 specimens of 
algae (exchange). 

Vatter, Dr. Albert E., Chicago: 1 
specimen of culture of Calothrix (gift). 

Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago: 1 
aquarium (gift). 

Walpole, Stewart J., Mount Dora, 
Florida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 



Washington, University of. De- 
partment of Botany, Seattle: 95 
specimens of Washington plants (ex- 
change). 

Williams, Llewelyn, Randolph, 
Wisconsin: 1 palm trunk (gift). 

Williams, Dr. Louis G., Greenville, 
South Carolina: 14 specimens of algae 

(gift). 

Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 1 plant specimen (gift); 14 wood 
specimens (exchange). 

Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois, AND Harold Nagle, Port Arthur, 
Texas: 2 plant specimens, 2 wood speci- 
mens (gift). 

WiTOKT, Mrs. Charlotte, Franklin 
Park, Illinois: 5 specimens of fungi 
(gift). 

Wolff, Simon E., Fort Worth, 
Texas: 5 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

WOMERSLEY, Dr. H. B. S., Adelaide, 
Australia: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Wood, Dr. Carroll E., Jr., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: 7 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Yale University, School of 
Forestry, New Haven, Connecticut: 
63 specimens of plants from Panama 
and Venezuela (gift). 

Yepes, Silvio, Popayan, Colombia: 
300 specimens of Colombian plants 
(gift). 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 1 plaster model 
of a foraminifera (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Flint, Michigan: 2 
fossil turtles (Toxochelyids) — Alabama 
(gift). 

Bell, Mrs. E. M., Trinidad, Colo- 
rado: 1 fossil bowfin fish — Colorado 
(gift). 

Bell, Rodney L.: 17 fossil brachio- 
pods — Tennessee (gift). 

Chalmers Crystal Fund: 1 chryso- 
beryl crystal — South Dakota; 1 thort- 
veitite crystal — Norway (gift). 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
10 fossil fish teeth, 2 trilobites — various 
localities (gift). 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
(Geology Field Trip to the Catskill 
Mountains, New York, 1949): 1 fossil 
pelecypod, Amnigenia eatskillensis (Van- 
uxem) — New York; (Western Paleonto- 
logical Expedition, 1949) : 68 fossil fish — 
various localities. 

Collected by George Langford (Wil- 
mington, Illinois, Paleobotanical Field 
Trips, 1949): 137 fossil invertebrates, 
5 fossil fish, 3,363 fossil plants— Will 
County, Illinois. 

Collected by George Langford and 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (Field Trip 
to Will County, Illinois, 1949): 7 king 
crabs — Will County, Illinois. 



92 



Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr. (Pennsylvania Geological Field 
Trip, 1948): collection of fossil inverte- 
brates — various localities; (Western 
States Invertebrate Paleontological 
Field Trip, 1949): collection of fossil in- 
vertebrates and fossil plants — various 
localities. 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr., and George Langford (Tennessee 
Invertebrate Paleontological Field Trip, 
1949): collection of fossil invertebrates 
and plants — various localities. 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Eastern States In- 
vertebrate Paleontological Expedition, 
1949): collection of Ordovician and 
Devonian invertebrates — various locali- 
ties. 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Bryan Patterson, and Dr. Robert H. 
Denison (Texas Paleontological Field 
Trip, 1949): collection of fossil fish, 
amphibians, reptiles, and mammals — 
Texas. 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl and 
Jack Wilson (geology study trip, 1949) : 
16 fossil invertebrates — Texas. 

Purchases: 10 fossil cephalopods, 1 
fossil brachiopod, 1 trilobite, 28 fossil 
sponges, 6 mollusk (Chiton) shells, 2 
modern brachiopods, 1 modern worm — 
various localities. 

Clark, Lorin, San Francisco: 3 
Stromatolite specimens — Michigan 
(gift). 

Clark, S. L., South Lancaster, Mas- 
sachusetts: 1 uranium mineral (gum- 
mite) — New Hampshire (exchange). 

Clarke, Beverly, Vicksburg, Missis- 
sippi: femur of fossil mammal — locality 
unknown (gift). 

Dahlberg, Dr. Albert A., Chicago: 
cast of lower jaw of Australopithecus 
promethus — South Africa (gift). 

Dunbar, Dr. Carl O., New Haven, 
Connecticut: 1 fossil invertebrate — 
Labrador (exchange). 

Eagle Picker Research Labora- 
tories, JopHn, Missouri: 18 samples of 
lead and zinc products — manufactured 
(gift). 

Gammell, R. E., Chicago: 2 trilo- 
bites — locality unknown (exchange). 

Goldring, Dr. Winifred, Albany, 
New York: 3 graptolites — New York 
(exchange). 

Harrington, Dr. Horacio H., 
Buenos Aires, Argentina: 5 trilobites — 
locality unknown (gift). 



Kay, Dr. J. LeRoy, Pittsburgh: 3 
fossil mammals — various localities (gift) . 

Langford, George, Chicago: col- 
lection of fossil fish, reptiles, and mam- 
mals — South Dakota (gift). 

Lees, Arthur H., Socorro, New 
Mexico: 3 fossil invertebrates — New 
Mexico (gift). 

Look, Alfred A., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: 2 fossil mammals, 1 fossil 
reptile — Colorado (gift). 

McLaughlin, Kenneth, Pullman, 
Washington: 4 fossil corals, 28 fossil 
plants — various localities (exchange). 

Murray, William M., Chicago: 1 
physical geology specimen showing 
differential weathering — Glacier Park 
(gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1 fossil 
reptile, Diadectes — Texas (exchange). 

National Speleological Society, 
Washington, D.C.: 26 cave minerals — 
Virginia (gift). 

Oakley, Dr. Kenneth P., London, 
England: Silurian trilobites — England 
(exchange). 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michigan: 
1 stone meteorite — Girgenti, Italy; 2 
iron meteorites — Hill City, Kansas, and 
Weaver, Arizona (gift). 

Richardson, Edwards N., Win- 
netka, Illinois: 1 tent for field work 
(gift). 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Win- 
netka, Illinois: 1 Silurian trilobite, 
Dalmanites Platycaudatus — Illinois 
(gift). 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 Mississippian bryozoan — 
Arkansas (gift). 

Sternberg, G. F., Hays, Kansas: 
1 fossil turtle (Ctenochelys) — Kansas 
(gift). 

Stockwell, H. O., Hutchinson, 
Kansas: 1 stone-iron — Brenham, Kan- 
sas; 1 stone meteorite — Norcator, Kan- 
sas (gift). 

Thompson, R. T., Pheonix, Arizona: 
1 specimen of fluorescent mineral (ara- 
gonite) — Arizona (gift). 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
AND Jon S. Whitfield, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 319 fossil plants, 5 fossil inverte- 
brates — various localities (gift). 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Harvey, Illi- 
nois, and C. M. Barber, Flint, Michi- 
gan: collection of fossil fish, reptiles, 
and invertebrates — Alabama (gift). 



93 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 3 lots of 
fresh-water mollusks — South America 
(exchange). 

AcosTA Y Lara, Eduardo, Montevi- 
deo, Uruguay: 2 mammals — Uruguay 
(gift). 

Allen, Dr. Thomas D., Chicago: 2 
snake skins — South America (gift). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 1 fish — Key 
West, Florida (exchange); 1 fish, 75 
damsellish — British West Indies (gift). 

Archbold, Richard, Lake Placid, 
Florida: 1 reptile — Lake Placid, Florida 
(gift). 

Bard, F. G., Regina, Saskatchewan: 
5 mammals — Bredin, Saskatchewan 
(gift). 

Barker, R. Wright, Maracaibo, 
Venezuela: collection of fresh-water 
mollusks^ — Venezuela (gift). 

Bauer, Margaret J., Chicago: 1 
mollusk — Mammoth Cave State Park, 
Kentucky (gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 248 
insects — Solomon Islands (gift). 

Benesh, Bernard, Chicago: 2 rep- 
tiles, 5 amphibians — Tennessee (gift). 

Biese, Dr. Walter, Santiago, Chile: 
14 lots of mollusks (including para- 
types) — Chile (exchange). 

Bippus, Alvin C, Toledo, Ohio: 1 
mollusk — Mazatlan, Mexico (gift). 

Bishop, Dr. S. C, Rochester, New 
York: 2 amphibians (type and allotype) 
— Alabama (gift). 

Blanke, John H. D., Barrington, 
Illinois: 177 fresh-water mollusks — 
Barrington, Illinois (gift). 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 332 lots of 
fresh-water mollusks (including para- 
types) — Lake Titicaca, Peru (exchange). 

Brodie, Laura, Chicago: 32 reptiles, 
64 amphibians, 4 fishes, 35 insects and 
their allies, 10 lower invertebrates — 
South Carolina (gift). 

Buck, Reverend A., Ningpo, China: 
33 insects — Ningpo, China (gift). 

Buchen, Walther, Chicago: 452 
birds, 1 reptile — East Africa (gift). 

Cahn, Dr. Alvine R., Japan: 5 
amphibians, series of amphibian eggs 
and larva — Japan (gift). 



California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 110 insects (2 paratypes) 
— Africa and North America (exchange). 

Carlson, Ruth, and Ellen Carl- 
son, West Chicago, Illinois: 1 skeleton 
of champion Manx cat, 1 preserved hind 
quarters of champion Manx cat — 
domestic (gift). 

Carrera, Messias, Sao Paulo, Bra- 
zil: 50 insects (2 paratypes) — Brazil 
(gift). 
Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Laura Brodie (local 
field work): 1 mammal — Indiana. 

Collected by Dr. Francis Drouet 
(Gulf States Botanical Expedition, 
1948-49): 16 mollusks— Florida. 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (Palau 
Entomological Expedition, 1947-48): 6 
mammals — Caroline Islands; (South- 
eastern States Zoological Field Trip, 
1949): 1 amphibian — Alabama. 

Collected by Philip Hershkovitz (Co- 
lombian Zoological Expedition, 1948- 
50): 755 mammals — Colombia. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal (Uni- 
versity of California African Expedition, 
1948): 2 reptiles — Madagascar. 

Collected by Harry Hoogstraal and 
others (Philippines Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1946-47): 10,823 insects and their 
allies — Philippine Islands. 

Collected by Clifford H. Pope (Moun- 
tain Lake Biological Station Field Trip, 
1949): 863 reptiles and amphibians — 
southeastern United States. 

Collected by Clifford H. Pope and 
Robert F. Inger (Havana, Illinois, 
Field Trip, 1949): 30 fishes— Illinois. 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
Islands field work): 10 birds — Negros 
Island, Philippine Islands. 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn 
(Arkansas Zoological Field Trip, 1948): 
455 insects — Arkansas. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt, Brian 
Bary, and William H. Dawbin (New 
Zealand field work): 1 mammary ap- 
paratus and section of aorta of hump- 
backed whale, 68 reptiles and amphib- 
ians, 40 fishes, 96 insects and their allies, 
40 lots of lower invertebrates, 11 
peripatus — New Zealand. 

Collected by William D. TurnbuU 
(Wyoming Paleontological Expedition, 
1948): 37 insects and their allies — 
Wyoming and South Dakota. 



94 



Collected by A. Rush Watkins, Colin 
C. Sanborn, and Frank C. Wonder 
(Rush Watkins Siamese Zoological Ex- 
pedition, 1949): 196 mammals, 64 birds, 
972 fishes, 52 lots of lower invertebrates 
— Siam. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel and 
Henry S. Dybas (from animals brought 
in for Museum collection): 46 insects 
and their allies. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel, 
Henry S. Dybas, and Robert F. Inger 
(local field work): 496 insects and their 
allies — Illinois and Indiana. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel, 
Rodger D. Mitchell, and Luis de la 
Torre (Guatemalan Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1948): 5 mammals, 7 reptiles and 
amphibians, 406 insects — Guatemala. 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
(study trip to paleontological museums) : 
117 mollusks — Texas. 

Purchases: 447 mammals, 2 mammal 
skulls, 1,636 birds, 464 reptiles and 
amphibians, 272 fishes, 8,561 insects 
and their allies, 641 lower invertebrates. 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 11 mammals, 29 birds, 3 
reptiles, 7 reptile eggs — various localities 
(gift). 

CiFERRi, Claudio, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 66 birds — Venezuela (exchange). 

Cincinnati, University of, Cincin- 
nati: 7 birds — Ohio (exchange). 

CoNOVER, BoARDMAN, Chicago: 88 
mammals, 247 birds, 18 fishes, 41 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 9 lower inverte- 
brates — various localities (gift). 

Cory, Carolyn, Homewood, IlHnois: 
1 bird — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

COTTERILL, Clare, Chicago: 48 in- 
sects — Maine (gift). 

Crouse, Mrs. Walter L., Yuma, 
Arizona: 1 reptile — Yuma, Arizona 
(gift). 

CuATRECASAS, Dr. Jose, Bensonville, 
Illinois: 1 reptile — Colombia (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton Park, 
Illinois: 1 reptile — Illinois (gift). 

DE COOMAN, A., Shanghai, China: 21 
insects — Tonkin, Indo-China (gift). 

Deuquet, C, Oatley, New South 
Wales, Australia: 5 insects — New South 
Wales, Australia (gift). 

DoDD, F. O., Chicago: 2 insects — 
Chicago (gift). 

Drake, Robert J., Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 9 mollusks — Mexico (ex- 
change). 



Dropkin, Dr. Victor, Chicago: 84 
insects and their allies — Texas (gift). 

Dybas, Henry S., Hazelcrest, Illi- 
nois: 3,035 insects and their allies — 
various localities (gift); 2,000 insects — 
various localities (exchange). 

Edgar, Samuel, Papeete, Tahiti: 43 
insects — Marianas Islands (gift). 

EiGSTi, Wilbur E., Hastings, Ne- 
braska: 29 insects and their allies — 
Nebraska and Colorado (gift). 

Ellis, A. E., Surrey, England: 58 
lots of mollusks — Europe (exchange). 

EsTANOVE, Dr. Jacques, Toulouse, 
France : 4 mammals — France (exchange) . 

Eyerdam, Walter J., Seattle, Wash- 
ington: 111 mollusks — South America 
(gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 391 reptiles and amphibians, 40 
mollusks — Africa (gift). 

Forcart, Dr. Lothar, Basel, Switz- 
erland: 4 mollusk paratypes — Vene- 
zuela (exchange). 

Foster, Coleman A., Johannesburg, 
Transvaal, South Africa: 19 mammals — 
Portuguese East Africa (gift). 

Frame, Dr. C. L., Asheville, North 
Carolina: 1 mounted sailfish — locality 
unknown (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 1 
reptile — Wisconsin (gift). 

Frizzell, Dr. Don L., Rolla, Mon- 
tana: 3 mollusks — Ecuador (gift). 

Gay, Mrs. Hazel B., Chicago: 17 
insects — Mexico and Guatemala (gift). 

Gist, Mrs. L. H., Chicago: 1 bird — 
Europe (gift). 

Gloyd, Dr. Howard K., Chicago: 2 
reptiles — Tonga Island (gift). 

Goodnight, Dr. Clarence J., La- 
fayette, Indiana: 3 lots of mollusks — 
Mexico (gift). 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 17 mammals, 39 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 15 insects and 
their allies — various localities (gift). 

Grobman, Dr. Arnold A., Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 1 amphibian — Virginia 
(gift). 

Haas, Edith P., Chicago: 4 mollusks 
— Wisconsin (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 2 amphib- 
ians, 119 mollusks — Minnesota (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem, Israel: 
553 lower invertebrates — Palestine (ex- 
change). 



95 



Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 5 insects (2 
paratypes) — New Brunswick, Canada 
(exchange). 

H.ALL, Harvey, Homewood, Illinois: 
1 bird — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Hannell, Mr. and Mrs. Vinol, 
Chesterton, Indiana: 1 insect — Indiana 
(gift). 

Hefferan, Mrs. Lily, Winnetka, 
Illinois: 1 bird — Kenya Colony, Africa 
(gift). 

Hermann, A. P., Joliet, Illinois: 3 
mollusks — Midway Island (gift). 

Herring, Louis C, Orlando, Florida: 
3 amphibians — Union of South Africa 
(gift). 

Hill, Dr. H. R., Los Angeles: 124 
mollusks — various localities (exchange). 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago: 128 
reptiles and amphibians, 39 fashes, 821 
insects and their allies, 39 mollusks — 
various localities (gift). 

Hooper Foundation, George 
Williams, San Francisco: 4 insects — 
California (exchange). 

Hubricht, Leslie, Danville, Vir- 
ginia: 62 amphibians — southeastern 
United States (gift). 

Idaho, University of, Moscow: 1 
insect — Idaho (exchange). 

Illinois, University of, Chicago: 1 
fish mandible — locality unknown (ex- 
change). 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: 5 fishes — Costa Rica (gift). 

Inger, Robert F., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 14 insects and their allies — Pensa- 
cola, Florida (gift). 

Jablonski, Raymond, Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin: 4 insects — Japan (gift). 

KuRFESS, Lieutenant John, War- 
rington, Florida: 31 reptiles — Guam 
(gift). 

Laird, Dr. Marshall, Wellington, 
New Zealand: 1 reptile — Fiji Islands 
(gift). 

Lambert, Ronald J., Zion, Illinois: 
1 mammal — Wisconsin (gift). 

Lee, Fanny, Vero Beach, Florida: 2 
lower invertebrates — Fort Pierce, Flori- 
da (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 8 mam- 
mals, 1 reptile — various localities (gift). 

Lohr, Major Lennox R., Chicago: 
1 reptile — United States (gift). 

Long, Lewis E., Washington, D.C.: 
9 lower invertebrates — Nicaragua (gift). 



Lowrie, Dr. Donald C, Moscow, 
Idaho: 21 reptiles and amphibians, 251 
insects — United States (gift). 

Mahler, Irvin H., Chicago: 6 
mollusks — Key West, Florida (gift). 

Maina, Bartholomew, Chicago: 
1,006 insects and their allies — various 
localities (exchange). 

Mangaras, William, Chicago: 1 
mounted skull of an alligator snapping 
turtle — locality unknown (gift). 

Maria, Brother Niceforo, Bogota, 
Colombia: 5 mammals — Colombia (gift). 

Matuda, Eizi, Escuintla, Chiapas, 
Mexico: 95 birds — Chiapas, Mexico (ex- 
change). 

May, J. F., Colorado Springs, Colo- 
rado: 5 insects — New Guinea and New 
Britain (exchange). 

McCormick, Leander J., La Fonta- 
nette, France: 101 fishes — Mediterra- 
nean Sea (gift). 

McGiNTY, Thomas L., Boynton 
Beach, Florida: 12 mollusks — Florida 
(exchange). 

Mead, Albert R., Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 4 reptiles and amphibians — 
Nigeria (gift). 

Microbiological Institute, Hamil- 
ton, Montana: 2 insect paratypes — 
Burma (gift). 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 2 lower 
invertebrates — Florida (gift). 

Mills, H. Robin, St. Petersburg, 
Florida: 1 reptile — Florida (gift). 

MoTT, Florence, Benton Harbor, 
Michigan: 25 insects, 2 hornet nests — 
Michigan (gift). 

MuNGO, John, Chicago: 1 two-headed 
pigeon squab — Chicago (gift). 

Museo de Historia Natural 
"Javier Prado," Lima, Peru: 3 mam- 
mals — Peru (gift). 

Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 191 
reptiles and amphibians, 180 insects 
and their allies — various localities (ex- 
change). 

NiCHOLLS, J. C, Jr., Murphy, North 
Carolina: 2 salamander paratypes — 
Tennessee (gift). 

Nicholson, Dr. A. J., Billings, 
Montana: 1 mammal — Montana (gift). 

NoLASco, Dr. Jose 0., Palawan, 
Philippine Islands: 4 lots of internal 
parasites of the dugong — Palawan (gift). 

Oriental Institute, Chicago: 13 
lower invertebrates — Kurdistan (gift). 



96 



OwANS, Margo, Chicago: 16 mol- 
lusks — Cebu City, Philippine Islands 
(gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago Heights, 
Illinois: 500 insects — Bucks, England 
(exchange). 

Patterson, Bryan, and Alan Pat- 
terson, Chicago Heights, IlHnois: 18 
reptiles and amphibians, 143 insects 
and their allies, 8 lower invertebrates — 
Illinois and Florida (gift). 

Petersen, Mrs. F. Lind, Escuintla, 
Guatemala: 3 insects — Zapote, Guate- 
mala (gift). 

Phelps, William, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 8 birds — Venezuela (exchange). 

Raffles Museum, Singapore: 6 
mammals — Malay States (gift). 

Ramstadt, Henry, Chicago: 23 in- 
sects and their allies — Punta Gorda, 
Florida (gift). 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 1 amphibian — Indiana (gift). 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 178 in- 
sects — various localities (gift). 

Salisbury, Commodore George R., 
Columbia, Missouri: 45 birds — Laysan 
Island (gift). 

Sanderson, Glen C, Columbus, 
Missouri: 2 snakes, 1 snake skin — 
Okinawa (gift). 

SCHARBACH, ALBERT, Chicago: 1 
spider — Chicago (gift). 

ScHLESCH, Dr. Hans, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 26 lots of mollusks — various 
localities (gift). 

Schmidt, John M., Plainfield, Illinois: 
11 reptiles and amphibians — North 
Carolina (gift). 

ScHUBART, Dr. Otto, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 40 mollusks — Brazil (gift). 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Green- 
wich, Connecticut: 94 mollusks — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Seaton, Frank H., Tampa, Florida: 
1 reptile — Florida (gift). 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Home- 
wood, lUinois: 120 insects and their 
allies — North America (gift). 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
on-the-Main, Germany: 3 mollusks (2 
paratypes) — Africa (exchange). 

Shapland, Mrs. Frank, Kankakee, 
Illinois: 1 butterfly chrysalis with 50- 
plus emerged parasitic wasps — Kanka- 
kee, Illinois (gift). 

Shirk, Joseph H., Peru, Indiana: 7 
mammal skulls — North America (gift). 



Singh, Ram S., Georgetown, British 
Guiana: 107 birds — British Guiana (ex- 
change). 

SiOLi, Dr. Harald, Belem, Brazil: 
301 mollusks— Brazil (gift). 

Slater, Dr. James R., Tacoma, 
Washington: 2 amphibians — Washing- 
ton (exchange). 

SOLEM, Alan, Oak Park, Illinois: 4 
insects — Oak Park, Illinois (gift). 

State Natural History Survey 
Division, Urbana, IlHnois: 3 insects — 
Arizona (exchange). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 69 mollusks — Missouri 
(gift). 

Storm, Robert M., Corvallis, Ore- 
gon: 13 salamanders — Oregon (ex- 
change). 

Straw, Richard M., Minneapolis: 
1 reptile — Maryland (gift). 

Stroud, Clyde P., Chicago: 1 am- 
phibian — New Mexico (gift). 

Tarrant, Ross, Wilmette, Illinois: 

1 set of fishing tackle, 1 set of laboratory 
instruments; 73 fishes, 8 lower inverte- 
brates — various localities (gift). 

Texas, Agricultural and Me- 
chanical College of, College Station: 
38 mammals — Colorado (gift). 

Thompson, Robert T., Phoenix, 
Arizona: 2 mollusks — Phoenix, Arizona 
(gift). 

Thurow, Gordon, Chicago: 2 lizards 
— Bermuda (gift). 

TiBBiTTS, Douglas E., Palatine, Illi- 
nois: 2 mammals, 77 insects — Palatine, 
IlHnois (gift). 

Trapido, Harold, Panama, Panama: 
499 reptiles and amphibians — Central 
and South America (gift). 

Traub, Major Robert, Washington, 
D.C.: 29 mammals, 12 insects — various 
localities (gift); 4 insects — Costa Rica 
(exchange). 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Washington, D.C.: 5 fishes — 
Florida and Texas (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 1 insect paratype — 
Allentown, Pennsylvania (exchange). 

United States Naval Medical Re- 
search Institute, Bethesda, Maryland : 

2 mammals — Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 

(gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, DeLand, Florida: 
28 fish skeletons — various localities 

(gift). 



^7 



Wentworth, Colonel Edward N., 

Chicago: 5 pig skulls— domestic (gift). 

Wenzel, Ruppert L., Oak Park, 

Illinois: 21 insects — United States (gift). 

Werner, Floyd, Ottawa, Illinois: 
700-plus insects — Louisiana (exchange). 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Lima, 
Peru: 31 lots of mollusks — South 
America (gift). 

Williams, Dr. Eliot C, Jr., Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana: 476 insects and their 
allies — various localities (exchange); 123 
lots of lower invertebrates — Canal Zone, 
Panama (gift). 

Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 1 
1 mammal — Chicago (gift). 



Woods, Mrs. Adele, Richton Park, 
Illinois: 5 fishes — Fort Lauderdale, 
Florida (gift). 

Woods, Loren P., Richton Park, 
Illinois: 2 fishes -Washington, D.C. 
(gift). 

Wright, Major Howard T., Or- 
lando, Florida: 445 insects and their 
allies, 1 lot of lower invertebrates — 
various localities (gift). 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 68 in- 
sects — United States (gift). 

ZooLOGiscH Museum, Amsterdam, 
Netherlands: 10 birds, 1 mollusk — vari- 
ous localities (exchange). 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION-ACCESSIONS 



Block, Dr. Fred, Hollywood, Cali- 
fornia: 20 2x2 natural-color (duplicate) 
slides (gift). 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Emmet R. Blake (South- 
west and Rocky Mountains Expedition, 
1941): 183 2x2 natural-color (original) 
slides. 

Made by Museum Photographer: 145 
2x2 natural-color (original) slides. 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Chicago: 
57 2x2 natural-color (duplicate) slides 
(purchase). 



Howe, Charles Albee, Homewood, 
Illinois: 144 2x2 natural-color (original) 
slides (gift). 

Ure, Roland W., Nashua, New 
Hampshire: 26 2x2 natural-color (dupli- 
cate) slides (purchase). 

Wiley, John, and Sons, Inc., New 
York: 163 2x2 natural-color (duplicate) 
slides (gift). 

Wood, Miriam, Chicago: 6 2x2 
natural-color (original) slides (gift). 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by Division of Photography: 
13,183 prints, 2,286 negatives, 170 en- 
largements, 274 lantern slides, 6 koda- 
chromes, 7 transparencies. 



Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 74 
negatives of orangutan studies, made 
in the Philippine Islands in 1933-34. 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES-ACCESSIONS 



Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, 
Inc., Wilmette, Illinois: 400 feet of 
sound color-film (purchase). 

General Motors Corporation, Mil- 
ford, Michigan: 400 feet of black-and- 
white film (gift). 

Lower, George, Westtown, Penn- 
sylvania: 1,200 feet of color film (pur- 
chase). 



Moyer, John W., Chicago: 1,200 
feet of black-and-white film (gift). 

Otto, John, Film Library, Inc., 
Winnetka, lUinois: 850 feet of film 
(purchase). 



98 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS-LIST OF DONORS: 
INSTITUTIONS 



American Dental Association Library, 
Chicago 

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D.C. 

Harvard Yenching Institute, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts 

Mayuyama and Company, Tokyo, 

Japan 
Ministerio de Education Publica de 

Guatemala, Institute de Anthropo- 



logia e Historia, Guatemala City, 
Guatemala 

Natural History Books, Chicago 
Natural History Museum, Balboa Park, 
San Diego, California 

Philosophical Publishing Company, 
Quakertown, Pennsylvania 

Societe des Missions Evangeliques, 
Paris, France 

United States Department of State, 
Division of Libraries and Institutes, 
Washington, D.C. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS-LIST OF DONORS: 
INDIVIDUALS 



Aldred, C, Royal Scottish Museum, 
Edinburgh, Scotland 

Bondar, Gregorio, Bahaia, Brazil 
Bourret, Dr. Rene, I'Ecole Superieure 
des Sciences de I'Universite Indo- 
chinoise, Hanoi, Indo-China 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago 



Davis, D. 

Illinois 



Dwight, Richton Park, 



Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Indiana 
Gressitt, J. L., Lingnan Natural History 

Survey and Museum, Canton, China 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 

Hatai, Dr. K., Tokoku University, 
Sendai, Japan 

Hewes, Dr. G. W., University of South- 
ern California, Los Angeles 

Hinton, A. C, Chicago 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago 

Mayr, Dr. Ernst, American Museum of 
Natural History, New York 



Mazur, Anthony, Chicago 

McCormick, L. J., St. Tropez (Var), 
France 

McNary, Agnes, Chicago 

Morales y Sanchez, Augusto, Teguci- 
galpa, Honduras 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Winnetka, 

Illinois 
Ridaura, G. de Caso, Spanish Consulate, 

Chicago 
Riggs, Elmer S., Siloam Springs, 

Arkansas 

Sax, Karl, Arnold Arboretum, Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois 

Spoehr, Dr. Alexander, Winnetka, 
Illinois 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago 

Stephanides, Dr. Theodore, London, 
England 

Stuart, L. C, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

Wilcoxson, Mrs. Emily M., Chicago 
Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illinois 
Wright, Major Howard T., Orlando, 
Florida 



99 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal iyicome tax. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her 
lifetime. These annuities are guaranteed against fluctua- 
tion in amount, and may reduce federal income taxes. 



100 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 



Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N/ 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 



Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 
Sweden 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 



Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

101 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P Georges 



Humbert, Professor 
Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 



Keith, Professor Sir 
Arthur 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

* Deceased 



Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 
Dibell 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 
The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 



$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 



American Friends of 

China 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Richards, Donald 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 



102 



Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H. 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 
Buchen, Walther 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, O. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

* Deceased 



CONTRIBUTORS (Continued) 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 



Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hoogstraal, Harry 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Ytin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 



Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Bryon L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wolcott, Albert B. 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 



Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 



Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 



Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



103 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dawes, Charles G. 



Dawes, Henry M. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 



Ladd, John 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Newell, A. B. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George L. 



104 



LIFE MEMBERS {Continued) 



Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 



Clegg, William G. 
Durand, Scott S. 
Lytton, Henry C. 



Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 

Deceased, 1949 

McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 

Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 



Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 



Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 



Bennett, Mrs. Irene 
Stark 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 



Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 



Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 



Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Regina 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 



Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 



105 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Babson, Mrs. Gustavoxs 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggalev, William Blair 
Bair, W". P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnard, Harrison B. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold 0. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, George A. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 



Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Philip 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertsehinger, Dr. C. F. 
Beslv, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Carter 



Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harrv H. 
Blunt, J. E.', Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hvman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

DeKoven 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Bovack, Harrv 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bovnton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 



106 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 



Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Ceding, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 



Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, WilHam H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 



107 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {Continued) 



Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cudahy, Mrs. Joseph M. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, PhiHp A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 



Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Porter 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 



Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Mo'ise 
Dryden, Mrs. George 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, WilHam B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
ElHott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Erickson, James A. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 



108 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 



Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 



Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist. Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 



109 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 



Gurman, Samuel P. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Harms, VanDeursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Hass, G. C. 



Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Higgins, John 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 



110 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 



Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Layman 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 



Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 



Ill 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katharine 

Marjorie 
Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. 0. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, David W. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 



Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
KrafTt, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 



Langenbach,Mrs.AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 
Langworthy, Benjamin 

Franklin 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 



Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 



McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

Harry 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hvman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Llovd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
M Oder well, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Mollov, David J. 
Mong^ Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul, 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morev, Charles W. 
Morf,' F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Jane 
Mulhern, Edward F. 



Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, 0. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. 

George H. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henrv G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
NoUau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W*. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 



O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
O wings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Paker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Paker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 



114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabodv, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 



Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 



Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Rengenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
RubloflF, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, 0. J. 



SchafFner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 



Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

DeWitt 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, W. Lynwood 



116 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Mrs. Charles A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle L 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard L 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 



Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
SutclifTe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 



Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
VanDeventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 



117 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. 
G. Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Clarke 
Washburne, 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, WilHam Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 



Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 



Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Percy 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 



118 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 



Adler, David 
Andreen, Otto C. 

Barnes, Cecil 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Blayney, Thomas C. 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Buck, Guy R. 

Carpenter, George 

Sturges 
Coldren, Clifton C. 

Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Denkewalter, W. E. 
Donohue, William F. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Forstall, James J. 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 
Sumner 

Goldfine, Dr. 

Ascher H. C. 
Graf, Robert J. 



Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 

Deceased, 1949 

Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 

Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hume, John T. 

Jefferies, F. L. 

Kreidler, D. C. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 

LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Leonard, Arthur G. 

Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 

Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 

Odell, William R. 

Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 
Arthur 

Radau, Hugo 



Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 



RefTelt, Miss F. A. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 
Henry 

Schermerhorn, W. L 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seng, V. J. 
Shoup, A. D. 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Powell 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Stern, Felix 
Swigart, John D. 

Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 

Vial, F. K. 

Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 

Yondorf, Milton S. 



NON'RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 



Mitchell, W. A. 
Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 



Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 



Caples, William G. 
Crooks, Harry D. 

Holmblad, Dr. Edward i 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hunt, George L. 

Kroehler, Kenneth 



Laing, William 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Levi, Julian H. 

Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 
McLennan, Mrs. 
Donald R., Sr. 
Moore, Chester G. 

Pope, John W. 
Price, W. G. F. 



Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 

Scott, Willis H. 
Seeburg, J. P., II 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Smith, J. P. 
Stebler, W. J. 

Thorne, Mrs. James W. 

WilHams, Rowland L. 



119 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Edmund B. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adam, R. R. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Addison, Michael E. 
Adesko, Mrs. 

Thaddeus V. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Agar, Mrs. Stearns 
Aggerbeck, Leslie P. 
Aguinaldo, Miss Carmen 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alger, Frederick W. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allen, Mrs. T. George 
Allingham, Norman C. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
Ameismaier, Julius 
American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Appleton, Albert L 
Appley, Lawrence A. 
Arado, A. D. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Arneson, H. D. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Clarice 
Arnold, Frank M. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arnolt, Kenneth 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Ashenhurst, John 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Auerbach, Henry B. 
Augustiny, Edward D. 



Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Howard 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach, Peter A. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailey, Warren G. 
Baird, E. E. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Baldwin, C. M. 
Baldwin, George 
Baldwin, John R. Walsh 
Baldwin, Mrs. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Baiter, Aaron L. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banks, Miss Ann R. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barnes, George 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, Lyman 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barron, Maurice J. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Bas, Marvin J. 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Basten, Ray F. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman, John Sprague 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beall, R. M. 
Beamsley, Foster G. 



Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, John T. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaven, Joseph C. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengston, Henry 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Richard M. 
Bennett, Robert C, Jr. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, Arnon N. 
Bentley, Claude R. 
Benton, Daniel L. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Irving 
Berner, George 
Bernstein, George E. 
Beutel, Henry J. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bianco, Mrs. Mildred M. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Birmingham, Frederic A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Dr. E. H. 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blaise, Mrs. Frank J. 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 



120 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Blewett, Quentin H., Jr. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Alex W. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Bock, William G. 
Bodfish, Morton 
Bohlin, Louis E. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfig, Henry C. 
Bonk, Joseph E. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Boothby, Donald 
Borden, Gail 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borman, Mrs. Emil 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bouris, George C. 
Bourke, Dr. Henry P. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Harlowe E. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, B. W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Boyer, Miss Olga C. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Charles C. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brady, Harold 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Burton 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breed, Dr. J. Ernest 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 



Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brock, Edson M. 
Broderick, W. J. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodow, W. B. 
Brookstone, Reuben F. 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, David S. 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Robert C., Jr. 
Brown, William W. 
Browne, Mrs. Grace 

Greenwood 
Browning, John T. 
Bruce, A. D. 
Bruce, Harley N. 
Bruce, Ralph R. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Mrs. 

Eugene E. 
Bruckner, Frederick J. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Brye, Edvin 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Budd, John M. 
Bulk, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bull, Otto E. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burrows, Robert 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Buswell, Guy T. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butterfield, George P. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Callan, T. J. 
Calvin, Frank J. 
Cameron, Anson W. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Campbell, Charles H. 



Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, John B. 
Cantwell, L. Yager 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carney, Robert F. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, Albert 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Carton, Lawrence A. 
Casey, C. L. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cassinerio, Mrs. Edna D. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cech, James F. 
Cedarburg, Miss 

Blanche C. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chase, Edward G. 
Chermayeff, Serge 
Cheskin, David B. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chimenti, Dante 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christiansen, Carl H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clark, Chester J. 
Clark, Claude T. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, James H. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, Miss O. M. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clements, J. A. 
Cleveland, Chester W. 
eleven, Peter H. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 



121 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, Miss Marion W. 
Cole, Sander W. 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D., Jr. 
Condee, Elbridge H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conquest, Victor 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Charles E. 
Cook, David C, III 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Cooperman, Miss Lynn 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Corey, Ernest F. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cornelius, Mrs. R. W. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Covington, John R. 
Covvles, Alfred 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crage, Dr. Francis M. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew, Ben L. 
Crippen, Phillip R., Jr. 
Crites, Joe 
Crofoot, Mrs. Mary 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Corning 
Crowley, C. A. 
Crowley, S. J. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culpepper, Dr. 

William L. 
Culver, Charles G. 



Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, De.xter 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Mrs. Tilden 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curry, Rev. James C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cutler, Paul William 

Dahl, William G. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, David E. 
Davidson, Donald 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Davis, W. DeO., Jr. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Deffenbaugh, Roy R. 
Defrees, Donald 
Dekker, Miss Louise 
Delafield, Richard M. 
DeMotte, R. J. 
Dempsey, John S. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Clinton O. 
Dickens, Robert Sidney 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, Phil S. 
Diehl, Newcomb W. 
Diercks, Wilford R. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingeldein, Karl A. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Director, Harry J. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doddridge, Lee B. 
Dolan, Tom 



Dolke, W. Fred 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Doroshaw, J. M. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dose, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglas, William C. 
Douglass, F. S. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Downey, John J. 
Downing, Dr. James R. 
Downs, Mrs. Cecil James 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, Miss Alice 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Draper, Henry P. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dubkin, Leonard 
Dudak, Paul 
Dudley, Mrs. 

Raymond C. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, R. Gregory 
Durham, R. J. 
Durham, William E. 
DuVal, Edward R. 
Duval, Dr. Emile C. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dyon, Miss Jane 

Eben, Mrs. A. Bradley 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eddv, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 



122 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elson, Alex 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Arthur C. 
English, Miss Frances C. 
English, Roger M. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Essley, E. Porter 
Estey, F. Clifford 
Etheredge, Gilbert 
Ettlinger, A. 
Evans, John Ford 
Evans, Thomas W. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fair, Charles L. 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farin, Sheridan E. 
Farmans, Dr. Michael S. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Fell, Peter V. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferguson, H. K. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fiala, Joseph F. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fifelski, Edwin P. 
Fifer, Russell 
Finlay, Henry A., Jr. 
Finlay, James H. 
Finn, B. L. 

Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fischer, Mrs. Robert J. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, C. P. 



Fisher, G. Howard 
Fisher, Ira L 
Fisher, Mrs. Katrinka 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fisher, Mrs. Raymond 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fisk, Albert 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzpatrick, James J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Foley, Frank J. 
Foote, Eric C. 
Forth, Milburn L. 
Fortin, Joseph T. 
Foss, Allan A. 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, William S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, George E. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Mrs. Lee 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenberg, Arthur E. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franklin, Egington 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, Charles Y., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. L H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Friedman, Dr. 

Townsend B. 
Frothingham, Mrs. 

Naneen R. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhrer, Max 
Fuller, C. C. 



Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Gallauer, William 
Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Ganey, Miss Helen M. 
Gantner, Edward G. 
Garside, Dr. Earl 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Geiger, Joseph S. 
Geiger, S. G. 
Geis, George D. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Gekas, John C. 
Gelder, Miss Madeline 
Genther, Charles B. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerow, Theron G. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Giblin, John N. 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girard, Charles A. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glassford, Gordon L. 
Glavin, Dr. Edmund M. 
Glen, Harold V. 
Click, Edward R. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Goble, Lawrence E. 
Godchaux, Leon G. 
Goder, Joseph 
Godey, John W. 
Godie, A. L. 
Goes, Otto W. 
Goessele, John H. 



123 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Goetz, Carl L. 
Goff, Moulton B. 
Golan, Samuel L. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Goldberg, Philip S. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 
Goldich, David E. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Dr. Ellsworth 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Goodwin, Maxwell A. 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grabbe, Werner H. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Grage, William 
Graham, Errett 0. 
Graham, John L. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Gray, A. S. 

Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Norman C. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Greig, Dr. H. Wallace 
Grein, Joseph 
Griffin, Mrs. James A., Jr. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, F. A. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grove, C. G. 
Grove, Miss Helen H. 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Gudis, Theodore B. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunther, George E. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustafson, C. L 
Gustafson, Rev. David 



Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hachmeister, A. W. 
Haddow, William 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagg, Arthur H. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Mrs. James J. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Cameron A. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Mrs. Evelyn F. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halperin, Arthur 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammel, W. F., Jr. 
Hammond, Stevens H. 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hank, Bernard J. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hanses, Edward H. 
Harbinson, David K. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Edward K. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hardy, Dr. Thomas E. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, C. B. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartung, Miss Elizabeth 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, George W., Jr. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 



Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Hassell, Warren S. 
Hastings, Mrs. James E. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathawav, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawley, Frederick W., Jr. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, Gideon, Jr. 
Haynes, John Thompson 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Heavey, John C. 
Hechler, Mrs. William D. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helgason, Arni 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, G. B. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henner, H. L 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Hennessey, William S. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Hensel, Paul G., Jr. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herman, Maxwell R. 
Hertwig, Fred A. 
Hertz, J. H. 

Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heyworth, Mrs. John R. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hickey, C. R. 
Hicks, Joseph W. 
Hildebrand, Walter H. 
Hilker, Carl 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Elmer C. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 



124 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hoben, H. H. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hoefer, Max 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, Mrs. I. B. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holgate, H. Nels 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Hollingbery, Mrs. 

George P. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Homan, Joseph 
Homan, Max 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Henry, Jr. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Hottinger, 

William H., Jr. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Houser, A. M. 
Howard, Mrs. Edith 

Sackett 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howell, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Howson, L. R. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Andrew V. 
Huch, Herbert F. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 



Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William 0. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Mrs. John A. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hutchinson, 

George A., Jr. 
Hutton, Miss Frances 

lone 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Huxtable, Miss Barbara 

Leslie 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 
Ingram, Lawrence 
Ireland, Ray W. 
Ives, R. O. 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacky, Frederick 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Egbert G. 
Jager, Dr. Elizabeth 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jesmer, Julius 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Doris 

Hurtig 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, H. A. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jolly, John W. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 



Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Albert G. 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Julian, John A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Fred S. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karp, Elmer H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Karras, Sidney G. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaspar, Ray 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kaye, Harry 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kearney, E. L. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keehn, L. D. 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kellar, Herbert A. 
Keller, I. C. 
Keller, M. J. 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, G. H. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kendall, Victor R. 
Kennedy, Dr. Fred A. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, James H. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kenney, Hugh D. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Ketcham, Leon J. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kidwell, Richard E. 
Kiefer, Mrs. Rose M. 
Kilanowski, Mitchell 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 



125 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Kimball, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Thomas R. 
King, Wilfred J. 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinnett, D. H. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klawans, Leslie H. 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Philip M. 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, Lester B. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knox, Merrill B. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koenig, 0. N. 
Koenig, Dr. Z. C. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kollenberg, A. E. 
Koltz, George C, Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Kort, George 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresge, M. L. 
Krinslev, Lazarus 
Krogh, E. E. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Krotz, Harry W., Jr. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuechenberg, W. A. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 



Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Landis, Maxwell 
Landreth, John T. 
Lane, George A. 
Lane, Howard 
Laney, Seymour J. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langen, Ray 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harrv 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Law, M. A. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Lee, A. Franklin 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Arthur K. 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, 0. W. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Arthur G., Jr. 
Lerch, William H. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Young 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levinson, John O. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levy, Harry W. 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liffshin, Reuben J. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lind, Paul B. N. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 



Lindenmeyer, Conrad A. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsey, Dr. Maude L. 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linn, Joseph M. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Llewellvn, Mrs. K. 
Lloyd, Carl S. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lloyd, William B., Jr. 
Lochridge, Ben S. 
Lochridge, W. F. 
Lock, Dr. Frank 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, LawTence A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loeser, Edward M. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Loftus, Airs. Clarence J. 
Logelin, Edward C, Jr. 
Lome, Philip 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Loring, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Low, John M. 
Lowitz, Joseph 
Lowrey, Forest R. 
Lowry, Miss Caryl A. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lund, Harry A. 
Lundgren, Sten J. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luthmers, Francis E. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyons, Philip 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



MacArthur, Donald 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, John J. 
Mack, Joseph 
Mackenzie, Wentworth 

Park 
MacKenzie, William J. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magnuson, Gustav V. 
Magnuson, Hugo E. 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahler, L H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, 0. O. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Manchester, Donald S. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Frederick W. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Mannion, Michael H. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Manz, George R. 
Manzelmann, George F. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Markoff, William 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marqua, P. J. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marrs, Dean 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Martin, Miss Blanche 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. John 

Sayre, Jr. 
Martin, Mrs. Leroy 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Archibald B. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxon, R. C. 



Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
May, Sol 

Maybrun, Arthur E. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Richard 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
McAnly, H. T. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McBurney, Kenneth 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCain, Patrick D. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCIintock, J. O. 
McCloud, Miss Edna W. 
McClurg, Verne 0. 
McCollum, C. E. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDermott, Franklin 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDufRe, George J. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McErlean, Charles F. 
McGreevy, R. E. 
McGuigan, James V. 
McGuire, F. Willis 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
Mclnerney, Joseph A. 
McKay, Dwight 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKee, William F. 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaughlin, Luke Yore 
McLaughlin, William J. 
McLaurin, John M. 
McNally, Frederick L. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Miss Margie 
McNear, Everett C. 
McNerney, Frank J. 
McPherson, David C. 



McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Meadors, Mrs. Howard C. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Megahey, Rev. Thomas J. 
MehafTey, Robert V. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meistrell, Frank J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mell, WilHam E. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Melum, H. William 
Menendian, Dr. Rose 
Mentzer, John P. 
Merkle, B. J. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Mesirow, H. G. 
Mesirow, Norman M. 
Metcalf, Gordon M. 
Metcoff, Eli 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Alfred C. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michels, Mrs. George 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Ernest P. 
Miller, Gilbert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Mahlon D. 
Miller, Miss Marian 
Miller, Marvin D. 
Miller, Milton T. 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, Willard M. 
Miller, William H. 
Milles, Leo H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Milliren, Glenn A. 
Mills, Ben 
Milnor, George S. 
Minor, R. R. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Miske, Erwin K. 
Mitchell, Harry L, 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Herbert 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 
Mizen, Frederic 

Kimball 
Modene, Oscar F. 
Moench, Miss Malinda 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Harold T. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Malcolm B. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, John T. 
Moreland, James C. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Morrow, C. Allen 
Mortimer, Charles A. 
Mortvedt, Rev. Ariel O. 
Mossman, John E. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, C. G. 
Muench, Hans 
Muhs, G. F. 

Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murdough, Thomas G. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Morgan F. 
Murphy, P. M. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Myers, Milton M. 

Nabat, A. S. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Nemer, Fred 



Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nielsen, Aksel 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norman, Dr. F. E. 
Norman, Mrs. Hedwig 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Norville, Leo T. 
Novak, Edward E. 
Novotny, Richard R. 
Noyes, W. H., Jr. 
Nyhan, Thomas J. 

Oberfelder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, Fred J. 
O'Connor, P. K. 
O'Connor, P. T. 
Odell, Jav G. 
Odell, Joseph R. 
Ogden, Walter Headden 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neal, Wendell 
O'Neal, William James 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborn, Cyrus R. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Osburn, M. B. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Overend, Robert B. 
Overmyer, Franklin R. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owens, Harry J. 



Pacholke, Fred 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Palmer, Curtis H. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parks, Burritt A. 
Parks, Robey 
Parrott, George H. 
Parsino, Mrs. James 
Patch, A. Huntington 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, William F. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Stuyvesant 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast, Frank 
Pendleton, Maurice B. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perin, Reuben L. 
Perlman, Dr. Henry B. 
Perlman, L B. 
Perlman, Morris 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Fredus N. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Petersen, M. H. 
Petersen, Niels 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petrie, Morton H. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettingell, C. D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Phillips, John Ward 
Pickering, John F. 
Pier, H. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Wayne S. 
Pillinger, Douglass 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



Pirie, Mrs. S. C, Jr. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Piatt, Robert 
Pletsch, George B. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pond, M. C. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Poole, Arthur B., Jr. 
Poore, Robert W. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Mrs. S. Austin 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porte, James J. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Prada, William R. 
Praed, William G. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, J. H. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Press, Robert M. 
Preus, J. A. O. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, Owen N. 
Prince, William Wood 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Purcell, Dr. James W. 
Purdue, Miss Maude 
Purdy, John P. 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quan, John B. 
Queen, John W. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 
Dorothy W. 
Ragland, John M. 
Ragland, T. C. 
Rambeau, William G. 
Randall, Frank A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 



Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 
Rau, John M. 
Rauh, Morris 
Ray, Harold R. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Reber, M. D. 
Redding, George H. 
Reddy, Mrs. Philip J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reese, Mrs. C. W. 
Reese, William D. 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Reich, Dr. Jerome B. 
Reichert, Hugh J. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Bryan S., Jr. 
Reilly, David J. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiner, John S. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renier, Edward P. 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rentfro, Dr. Charles C. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Ressler, Harold M. B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reticker, Edward 
Revzan, Theodore 
Reynolds, Milton 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rhodes, Martin C. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Ritzwoller, Earle H. 
Rivenes, A. I. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Harlow P. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robertson, Egbert 



Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Alan S. 
Robinson, Dr. M. J. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Thomas G. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, Burke B. 
Roche, Mrs. Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockafellow, G. B. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Roll, Earl D. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, George 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, John W. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Mrs. 

Maurice L. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rozmarek, Charles 
Rubert, William F. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Rudolph, Walter D. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Mrs. Lawrence J. 
Ryder, F. W. 
Ryerson, Anthony M. 
Ryser, Adolph 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Saarinen, W. 
Sabin, Eben T. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Salk, Miss Betsy Ruth 
Sallemi, James V. 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Saltarelli, Dr. Gabriel 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampsell, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
SanFilippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard G. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Sawicki, Michael J. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scala, Hugo R. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scanlan, Thomas P. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schelly, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Scheu, Ralph J. 
Schick, Miss Inez M. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, John 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schottenhamel, Mrs. 

Max P. 
Schroeder, Leo E. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulman, Harry 
Schultz, Mrs. Arnold C. 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, W. Norman 
Schultz, William F. 
Schultz, William H. 
Schulz, George H. 
Schuman, J. R. 



Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schuyler, L. H. 
Schwab, Raymond J. 
Schwab, Dr. Walford A. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwartz, Selwyn S. 
Schwartz, Dr. Steven O. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scovel, Harold F. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. William M. 
Scuderi, Mrs. Carlo 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Searles, Donald K. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segil, Harold T. 
Selby, J. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Severson, D. O. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Walter S. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaykin, Dr. Jacob B. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheffer, K. A. 
Sheldon, Walter M., Jr. 
Shepard, Robert Philip 
Sheppard, Joseph L. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieger, Joseph F. 
Siemund, Rov W. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 



Silverstein, Milton 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sims, Frank S. 
Sims, Paul K. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Albert H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slifka, George C. 
Sloan, William F. 
Sloup, Frank J. 
Smart, David A. 
Smerge, Raymond A. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith, H. S. 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Joseph Herbert 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, T. A. 
Snow, Lendol D., Jr. 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somes, J. J. 
Sonne, Mrs. Fred T. 
Snite, John T. 
Soule, Leo N. 
Soule, M. M. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spark, David I. 
Sparr, Mrs. Caroline H. 
Spaulding, Raymond C. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert F. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Willson 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Springer, Clement F. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stahl, Felix B. 
Stahmer, George F., II 
Staller, Joseph H. 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stanley, J. Paul 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stathas, P. P. 
Staudt, Mrs. Louis 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Steelman, Berton J. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, E. W. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevenson, Mrs. Adlai E. 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, W. Ellis 
Stewart, William Scott 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoddart, William M. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stokes, Mrs. Edward J. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storms, North 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Stresen-Reuter, 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Strong, Joseph L. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stuenkel, Leon H. 
Stuermer, Ray 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swain, David F. 
Swift, Nathan B. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvanus, Alfred 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Dr. Emmy 
Symmes, William H. 



Symonds, Merrill 
Szymanski, Dr. 
Frederick J. 

Tadrowski, Anton J. 
Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Mrs. Gertrude C. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tatman, George R. 
Taussig, Noah William 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Tegarden, J. E. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Tevis, Paul F. 
Thiel, Raymond F. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. Mac 
Thompson, Bert A. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard O. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Enos 
Timmings, G. H. 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 

Toepper, Edward F. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Towne, Claude 
Townsend, Hubert F. 
Trager, D. C. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William B. 
Traynor, William 

Knowlton 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trier, Robert 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 



Trumbull, Robert F. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tuck, Walter R. 
Tucker, Irwin R. 
Tucker, J. C. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 
Tyrakowski, Steven S. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Urban, Andrew 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanBuskirk, M. G. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
VanderKloot, Nicholas J. 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha 
VanKampen, A. H. 
VanMell, Herman T. 
VanNatta, V. R. 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
VanStraaten, Herbert 
VanVoorhies, Rousseau 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vincent, James L. 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogel, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Vydra, Frank C. 
Vye, George P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wade, Albert G., II 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Wales, Robert M. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wall, Dr. James M. 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Edward M. 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 



131 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Walters, Gary G. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterhouse, Paul G. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watling, John 
Watson, David R. 
Watson, Norman E. 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Weaver, R. B. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, N. C. 
Wehmeier, H. A. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weiler, C. J. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weiss, Louis A. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, C. A. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Wells, Frank C. 
Wells, Henry L. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, James D. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westerlin, Mrs. J. M. 
Wetten, Walton 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheelock, Miss Ellen P. 



Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whipple, Mrs. Jay N. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Mrs. Harold R. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Whitney, Emerson C. 
Wholey, Mrs. Leota 

Gregory 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Lucille 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilcox, Edward B. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Mrs. Edwin G. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilk, Dr. Clifford M. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Mrs. 

Allan C, Jr. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, Russell V. 
Williamson, Henry T. 
Williamson, John T. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, H. Fred 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wincher, John A. 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, James E. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Witkowsky, James 
Witt, Earl J. 
Wolf, Morris E. 



Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Wood, William A. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, Arthur H. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Turner 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, S. Roger 
Wooster, Charles C. 
Worthy, Mrs. James C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yates, John E. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
York, Melvin S. 
Youker, Mrs. Claude W. 
Youmans, Mrs. M. A. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. H. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Youngsma, T. S. 

Zaczek, Miss 

Genevieve A. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zaus, Mrs. Earl A. 
Zelezny, John G. 
Zelzer, Harry 
Zillman, Mrs. L. C. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, Elmer K. 
Zolla, Abner M. 



Adams, Hugh R. 
Alexander, John F. 

Boening, Mrs. Louis A. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Broude, Mrs. William S. 
Burnell, Edward J. 



Deceased, 1949 

Curda, Frank R. 

Dole, Mrs. Andrew R. 

Gaul, Hermann J., Sr. 
Good, Arthur P. 
Gorski, Martin 



Green, Walter H. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 

Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H 
Herman, Eli 
Hewes, Howard H. 



132 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 

Keeler, Leonarde Saladin, Harry J. Spitz, M. W. 

Lange, Dr. William H. Schweitzer, E. 0. 

Lundgren, Dr. Albert T. Sears, A. T. Unwin, Mrs. Parkinson 

Rockhold, Mrs. Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Charles W. Edward Weiss, Louis A. 



133 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Notv, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 

TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

134 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, WilHam R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois | 

/- ss. 

Cook County I 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



135 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER, 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life" Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recorn- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Aluseum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

136 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

board of trustees 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

honorary trustees 
Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

137 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 

THE TREASURER 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn' by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

138 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 
the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COMMITTEES 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

139 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 
nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

140 



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UNIVEBSrTY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA 



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