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Chicago Natural History Museum 

Third Vice-President of the Museum 

Member of the Board of Trustees since 1929 

Chairman of the Pension Committee 

Member of the Executive Committee 


Report of the Director 

to the 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1950 



SEP 5 -1951 

iimwcoctTY n- It LtNOlS 


Iq 50 



Former Officers 10 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1950 12 

List of Staff, 1950 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 23 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 24 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

Department of Anthropology 33 

Department of Botany 42 

Department of Geology 49 

Department of Zoology 55 

Library 63 

Public Relations 67 

Photography and Illustrations 69 

Motion Pictures 69 

Publications and Printing 70 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 86 

Financial Statements 89 

Attendance and Door Receipts 90 

Accessions, 1950 91 

Members of the Museum 103 

Benefactors 103 

Honorary Members 103 

Patrons 103 

Corresponding Members 104 

Contributors 104 

Corporate Members 105 

Life Members 106 

Non-Resident Life Members 107 

Associate Members 107 

Non-Resident Associate Members 121 

Sustaining Members 121 

Annual Members 121 

Articles of Incorporation 136 

Amended By-Laws 138 



Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President frontispiece 

Michigan Avenue Sky Line, from the Museum 9 

Chicago Natural History Museum 18 

Boardman Conover, 1892-1950 21 

Raymond Foundation Tour for School Children 24 

Portable Exhibit, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Sioux Indians Visit the Museum 30 

Tularosa Cave, New Mexico 34 

Excavations on Saipan, Mariana Islands 37 

Pawnee Thunder Ceremony 41 

Corn from Tularosa Cave 43 

Desert Scene near Tucson, Arizona 46 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants 50 

Nodules 51 

Skeleton of Bradysaurus haini 54 

New Quarters of Division of Fishes 57 

Land Leeches 58 

Collecting in Wild Cat Cave 61 

Cataloguing Department, Museum Library 64 

Development of Young Birds 68 

Art Students 74 

Nature-Study Course 77 

Ginger Lily 81 

Checking the Layout 87 

Chicago Natural History Museum, formerly Field Museum of Natural History, faces 
Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive. It is open every day except Christmas and 
New Year's Day and may be reached by elevated or surface railways. South Shore 
and Illmois Central suburban trains, or bus. There is ample free parking space. 













Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 


Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Alois,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893 1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

* Deceased 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 


John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 

Boardman Conover,* 1940-1950 


Officers^ Trustees^ and Committees^ 1950 




Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover* 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

John P. 

Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert H. Wetten 

Executive— Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

A'nance— Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, 
Albert H. Wetten, Henry P. Isham 

Building— Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field, Boardman Conover* 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 

* Deceased, 1950 


List of Staff, 1950 









Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator, Archaeology 
Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 
Paul J. Warner,* Preparator 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Curator, Herbarium 

George A. Davis, Assistant, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Jose Cuatrecasas,! Curator, Colombian Botany 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Hugh C. Cutler, Curator, Economic Botany 

* Deceased, 1950 
t Resigned, 1950 











Llewelyn Williams, Associate, Forest Products 

J. S. Daston, Assistatit, Botany 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Milton Copllos, Artist-Preparator 

Samiel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Prcparalor 

P^kank Boryca, Prcparator 

Mathias Dones, Preparator 

Phyllis Wade, Departmental Secretary 

Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 
Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 
Rainer Zanc.erl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 
Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 
Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Exerett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant, Fossil V^ertebrates 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 
George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 
R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 
Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Henry Horb.ack, Preparator 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 
Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 
John Conrad Hansen, Artist 
Joanne Neher, Departmental Secretary 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

Boardman Conover,* Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop,* Research Associate, Birds 

RUDYERD Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Arnphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, Assistant, Reptiles 

* Deceased, 1950 















LoREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Robert Kanazawa.I Assistant, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Assistant Taxidermist 

Kenneth Woehlck,! Assistant Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 

Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Mary P. Murray, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 

Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Leonard Rosenthal, f Preparator 

George Steinhardt, Assistant 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
June Buchwald 
Lorain Farmer 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Sharpe 
Anne Stromquist 

t Resigned, 1950 


LE(rri RER 

nil I IIIK \KY 








l>|IOIO(.R \PHV 


Paul CJ. Dai.lwk; 


Mkta p. HowkLL, Librarian 

Kmii.v M. WiLUOxsoN.t Librarian Emerita 

Louise Boynton Denison, Adminislratire Assistant 

Classification and Cataloguing: 

Eunice Marthens CiEMMILL, Associate Librarian 

Dawn Davey, (lasnifier 

M. Kll.EKN RocorUT, Cntnloijuer 


Rl'TH Debus, Reference Librarian 

Winifred F.. VVeissman, Assistant Reference Librarian 

Mary E. BABCOCK.t Assistant 

William A. Bender, Auditor 
Benjamin Bridge,* Auditor Emeritus 
A. L. Stebbins, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Jessie Dudley, in charge 

Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Edna T. Eckert,! Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

E. Leland Webber, Assistant Recorder 

Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Herman Abendroth.^ Photographer 
John BayaLIS, Photographer 
DoUC.LAS E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 

: Retired, 1950 
t Resigned, 1950 
* Deceased, 1950 







John W. Mover, in charge 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 

James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GUSTAV A. NOREN, Assistant Superintendent 

William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 

David J. Conwill,* Captain 
George Woodward, Captain 

* Deceased, 1950 




.^<^.- '^'^ 




1 1 










1 • 


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atural History Museum 

South Entrance 

Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1950. 

This year brought about the completion of the modernization 
of the boiler plant. The total cost of the improvement amounted 
to $183,424.46, which expenditure reduced the Reserve for Deprecia- 
tion of Mechanical Plant to $36,213.55. An appropriation of $10,000 
to the Depreciation Reserve during the year brought the total of 
that fund at the end of the year to $46,213.55. 

The continuous expansion of the Museum's collections has 
brought about acute storage problems in many of the departments 
and divisions. In the Division of Fishes the situation had become 
such that immediate action to provide additional space was necessary. 
Not only was space limited but, in addition, the increasing weight 
of steel shelving, fish specimens, and the heavy glass jars of alcohol 
in which the specimens are preserved had so nearly reached the 
safety limits that the Board of Trustees decided to move the entire 
Division of Fishes to a location on the ground floor. During the 
year this tremendous move was accomplished, and the Division of 
Fishes is now housed in the ground-floor area formerly designated 
as Hall B. The construction includes the addition of several built-in 
concrete tanks for large specimens, chain and pulley equipment for 
handling, steel shelving and cases, and new modern offices. The 


increase in storage capacity for our rapidly expanding collection of 
tishes will amount to at least fifty per cent. The sum of .$22,726.44 
was spent during the year in preparing the new area for occupancy. 
Other plans have been developed that contemplate the moving and 
expansion of the I )ivisi()n of Vertebrate Anatomy and of the Division 
of Insects. 

The death on May 5 of Boardman Conover, a Trustee of the 
Mu.seum, was a severe blow both to the Board of Trustees and to 
the stalT. Mr. Conover was a A.s.sociate of the Museum 
in the Division of Birds and spent most of his time in acquiring, 
studying, and de.scribing his outstanding collection of game birds 
of the world. This collection of .some eighteen thou.sand specimens, 
together with his extensive library, was left to the Mu.seum. In 
addition, Mr. C'onover's will provides a fund of $50,000 to continue 
in perpetuity the vitally important work in which he was engaged. 
In recognition of his many contributions and .services the Board of 
Trustees elected Mr. Conover posthumously a Benefactor of the 
Museum (see page 103i, having honored him in the past by electing 
him, at various times, a Life Member, a Patron, a Contributor, and 
a Corporate Member. The Board of Trustees acted further to honor 
the memory of Mr. Conover by voting to name Hall 21, the hall 
housing collections of birds in .systematic arrangement, Boardman 
Conover Hall. At its meeting in May the Board of Trustees adopted 
the following re.solution: 

Boardman Conover, 1892 1950 

"It is with profound regi'et that the Board of Trustees of Chicago 
Natural History Mu.seum records the death on May 5, 1950, of their 
fellow member, Boardman Conover. 

"Mr. Conover has long been a.s.sociated with Chicago Natural 
History Mu.seum. As early as 1920 his interest in the study of 
birds brought him into contact with members of the scientific staff. 
In 1921, he became a Life Member of the Mu.seum and in recognition 
of his in the field of ornithology he was [)laced on the staff 
as an As.sociate. In 1936, he was appointed Associate. 

"Mr. C'onover's interest in the work of the Mu.seum found 
expression at various times in field exploration and study in Vene- 
zuela, Chile, Alaska, the Belgian Congo, Tanganyika, and Uganda. 
In later years, in lieu of expeditionary work, he established contact 
with field collectors in all parts of the world. Through his own 
efforts anrl at his own expense he accumulated one of the world's 
outstanding collections of game birds. 


DuBois-Orake Studio 


Associate in Ornithology, 1924; Life Member, 1924; Patron, 1926; 
Contributor, 1930; Research Associate in Birds, 1936; Member of the 
Board of Trustees, 1940; Corporate Member, 1940; Benefactor, 1950 


"In recopnition of his work for \hv Museum, he was elected in 
l!»l^t) lo the honorary chissilicalion of Patron of the institution. In 
IDU), he was invited to become a member of the Board of Trustees, 
on which he served until his death. Ik- was elected a Corporate 
Member in the same year. 

"[•"or many years, he maintained an otlici- at the Museum, where 
he conducted research on his famous collection of jiame birds. After 
the death of Dr. Charles !'.. llellmayr in the sj)rinp of 1941, Mr. 
Conover undertook the arduous duty of completing the i^itaUxjue of 
Birds of thv Americas, which had been be^nm by Charles B. Cory 
in 1909. and he broujiht that notable work to comi)letion in August, 
1949. His deep interest in the Mu.seum is further indicated by the 
fact that his pifts to the institution total more than $1()(),000. 

"He will be missed not only by the members of the Board of 
Trustees but by the members of the stalf. with whom he was a 
co-worker for so many years. In appreciation of his long a.ssociation 
with the Museum and his notable service to the institution, and in 
recognition of his fine friendship and outstanding character, we pay 
tribute to the memory of Boardman Conover. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this testimonial of our esteem and 
affection be placed on the permanent records of the Board of Trustees 
of Chicago Natural History Museum: 

"And be it further resolved that our deep .sympathy be conveyed 
to the members of his bereaved family and that a copy of this 
resolution be sent to them." 


The total number of visitors at the Museum in 1950 was 1,173,661, 
of which number 1,052,420 were admitted without charge because 
they came on free admi.ssion days or belonged to cla.s.sifications 
admitted free on all days .school children, students, teachers, 
members of the armed forces of the United Nations, and Members 
of this Mu.seum. (For comparative attendance statistics and door 
receipts for 1949 and 1950, see page 90.) 

The number of out-of-Chicago .schools u.sing the Mu.seum con- 
tinued to increase until in May the number reached an all-time 
high of 177 groups totaling 5,517 students. The fall (October and 
November I attendance of students in the Museum was the 
since before the war (1941). Many Boy Scout troops on their way 
to the 1950 Boy Scout Jamboree at Valley Forge, Penn.sylvania, 
stopped between trains at the Mu.seum for special tours of the 


exhibition halls. Boys and girls from the farms of America, chosen 
in each locality for excellence of achievement and sent to Chicago 
at the time of the International Livestock Exposition as delegates 
to the National Congress of 4-H Clubs, made their annual visit to 
the Museum in November. The Museum was host also to a number 
of organizations, among them the American Horticultural Council, 
the American Malacological Union, the Illinois Audubon Society, 
and the Kennicott Club of Chicago. In May the Museum enter- 
tained a group of supervisory personnel of the Chicago Park District 
at a buffet dinner and program in the cafeteria, after which the guests 
were taken on guided tours of the Museum. The facilities of the 
Museum were used in September for day and night sessions of 
government officials who met to analyze plans for civil defense. 


Stanley Field, president of Chicago Natural History Museum, was 
re-elected at the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January 
to serve for his forty-second consecutive year. All other officers were 
likewise re-elected. They are: Marshall Field, first vice-president; 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., second vice-president; Samuel Insull, Jr., third 
vice-president; Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, 
secretary; and John R. Millar, assistant secretary. 


An expression of gratitude is here conveyed to the many public- 
spirited citizens who, as Members of this Museum, support the 
scientific and educational work being done here and help to make 
possible its successful continuance. In recognition of their past 
support, appreciation is here expressed also to those Members who 
found it necessary to discontinue their membership. When condi- 
tions are favorable for them to do so, it is hoped that they will 
resume membership and association with the cultural work of the 
Museum. The total number of Members at the close of 1950 was 
4,775. The number of Members in each membership classification 
was as follows: Benefactors — 24; Honorary Members — 8; Patrons — 17; 
Corresponding Members — 6; Contributors — 172; Corporate Members — 
40; Life Members — 161; N on-Resident Life Members — 16; Associate 
Members — 2,274; Non-Resident Associate Members — 11; Sustaining 
Members — 21; Annual Members — 2,025. The names of Members 
of the Museum during 1950 are listed at the end of this Report. 



Tlu' Jaiiu's Xt'Ison and Anna l/ouise Raymond Foundation continued 
in li>r)0 its presentation of lectures, tours, pro^n-ams, stories, and 
motion pictures to ^n-oups of people in the Museum and, by means 
of ib? extension-lecture service, in the schools. As in the past the 
entire propi'am of this educational division of the Museum has been 
kept flexible in order to meet the recjuirements of school pjoups and 
students of all kinds. Clo.ser co-o{)eration between the Mu.seum 
and the Chicajzo Public Schools and a study of the needs of the 
schools resulted in the publication of a folder of Kt'neral information 
about the Mu.seum and its educational .services. Sea.sonal flyers 
with suji^ested tours were added for the teacher's reference. 
were .sent to all the Chicago Public Elementary Schools, with the 
result that these schools have made greater use of the Museum. 

A group of children from one of the' org.inizcd sciiool groups that visit the 
Museum MOW the great ground sloth m tlir H.ill of Fossil X'ertcbratcs (Hall 38 1. 


Two series of Museum Stories for Children were published in 
connection with the spring and fall series of motion-picture programs 
for children. The spring series, "Children of Long Ago," tells how 
children of ancient Egypt, Babylonia, and China lived. The fall 
series, "Adventures of a Pebble," takes a pebble from its very 
beginning to the present time. All extension lectures were re- 
organized and brought up to date with the addition of new pictures, 
either still or motion. One entirely new lecture, "The Natural 
History of Chicagoland," was offered in 16mm natural-color film. 
A one-day conference on nature-study was given in September for 
forty-three instructors and supervisors of the Chicago Park District. 
Raymond Foundation again co-operated with the Radio Council 
of the Chicago Public Schools in presenting four programs in the 
Museum following radio broadcasts. Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator 
of Birds, was guest-speaker for the broadcast "Feathered Architects" 
on the Science Story-Teller series. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, follows: 

Activities within the Museum 

r or Cnilaren Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 927 29,234 

Radio follow-up programs 4 455 

Lectures preceding tours 87 5,436 

Motion-picture programs 29 21,339 

Total 1,047 56,464 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 380 6,672 

Total 380 6,672 

Extension Activities 

Chicago public schools 

Elementary schools 102 33,461 

Chicago private schools 3 310 

Suburban schools 2 430 

Miscellaneous 2 650 

Total 109 34,851 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,536 97,987 


spnciAL lixi iiBirs 

"Stories in Hair and i-'ur," a si)t'cial exhihit in Stanley Field Hall 
(luring August and September, was prepared as a series of thirty 
panels by the C'ranbrook Institute of Science, of Rloomfield Hills, 
Michigan. The exhibit presented information about the structure 
of hair and the (lualities and kinds of fur. the jiatherin^ of furs, the 
near-extermination of many fur-bearing' animals, and the modern 
business of breeding animals for their fur. Late in October one of 
the Moirollon "mummies"" found in 'i'ularosa Cave, New Mexico, 
b\ the 1 !).")() Southwest Archaeological Kxpedition was i)Iacefi on 
exhibition. Representative artifacts of perishable materials from 
the Mogollon culture were included in the exhibit. Other special 
exhibits during the year were "Animals in Action," a collection of 
|)hotogi-aphs by Roman Vishniac, of New York; the F'ifth Chicago 
International Exhibition of Nature Photography, held under the 
auspices of the Nature Camera Club of Chicago and the Museum; 
and i)aintings and drawings of Museum exhibits by students of the 
School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 


The adjusted delivery schedule of portable Museum exhibits insti- 
tuted at the beginning of the school year 1949 50 continued in 
oi)eration during the .school months of 1950. Lnder this schedule 
each .school on the circulation list of the Department of the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension received, every tenth school day, 
two Mu.seum exhibits that could be used for direct study and general 
discussion in the clas.srooms or, if preferred, as display material. 
During each period of ten school days the drivers of the two Harris 
Extension trucks delivered and exchanged exhibits for nine days 
and served in the workshop on the tenth day. PVom its inception 
the schedule was found to be satisfactory. It permitted more 
efficient use of the drivers' time for assisting the i)reparators. 

At the of 1950 the circulation list numbered 508. Of 
these, 4<S7 were .schools (96 per cent of total circulation) and 21 
were social-.service institutions (4 per cent of total circulation). Of 
the 487 schools, 390 were public schools (80 per cent of school circula- 
tion), 87 were parochial .schools (18 per cent of .school circulation), 
and 10 were private schools (2 per cent of school circulation). Inas- 
much as each school or .social-service institution on the list received 
on loan 34 different exhibits during the year, routine loans of portable 
Museum exhibits in 1950 totaled well over 17,000. 


This is one of six new portable exhibits of the N. W. Harris Extension Department 
designed to acquaint Chicago school children with different types of bird nests. 

In addition to the Museum exhibits of natural-history material 
installed in standard portable cases Harris Extension also lends, 
upon request for specific material, insect specimens, rock and mineral 
collections, bird and mammal skins, bird eggs, and American Indian 
artifacts, which can be handled by pupils for study purposes. Thirty- 
seven loans of such material were made in 1950. Harris Extension 
received from the Department of Zoology an extensive collection of 
eggs of birds of the Chicago area. The Department of Botany 
gave invaluable advice and guidance in the preparation of botanical 
exhibit material. Six new exhibits were completed during the 
year, and five old exhibits were completely revised. Two hundred 
and eighty-five cases were repaired and reconditioned in the work- 
shop. The number of cases damaged in circulation was 32. Out- 
side activities of staff members consisted of local collecting trips. 



Seventeen Saturday afternoon lectures were presented to the public 
during Marc-h, April. October, and November. A total of 16,672 
persons attended. Timely subject, such as postwar rehabilitation 
in Japan and the mingling of ancient and modern in Korea under 
various fortunate and unfortunate influences, were well received by 
the audiences. It is gratifying to be able to report that a substantial 
number of letters of appreciation for various lectures in the .series 
has been received in the Office of the Director. Helpful comments 
are always welcome they serve as guides in the selection of 
the material presented in the two .series. 


Elmer J. Richards, of Chicago, again gave $5,000 to the Mu.seum to 
be u.sed to specimens for the cry[)togamic herbarium. 
Donald Richards, A.s.sociate in Cryptogamic Botany, gave 
$3,182.95 for the of laboratory equipment and cryptogamic 
specimens. S. C. Johnson and Sons, Incorporated, of Racine, 
Wisconsin, again gave $4,000 for on wax-bearing palms. 
Walther Buchen, of Chicago, gave $2,000 for an e.xperlition to Africa 
and the of zoological specimens. Dr. Maurice L. Richard- 
son, of Lansing, Michigan, added $2,000 to The Maurice L. Richard- 
.son Paleontological Fund. The Museum received $10,500 from 
Stanley Field, its President: $500 from C. Suydam Cutting, of Xew 
York, a Patron of the Mu.seum; $1,000 from an anonymous friend; 
$301.94 from the estate of Mrs. Abby K. Babcock; $1,666.67 from 
the estate of Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers; and $65,216.51 from the 
estate of Mrs. Anna Louise Raymond. Other gifts of money were 
received from Peder Christen.sen, of Seattle, Clarence B. Randall, 
Trustee of the Mu.seum, and anonymous givers. 

Donors who give or devise to the Mu.seum between $1,000 and 
$100,000 in money or materials are elected by the Board of Trustees 
to a special membership cla.ssification designated as "Contributors" 
and their names are enrolled in perpetuity (.see page 104 for names 
of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1950 are: Emil Eitel, 
posthumously elected (gift of money); Mrs. Susie I. Grier, post- 
humou.sly elected (gift of anthropological specimens and booksi; 
Henry W. Xichols, former Chief Curator of the Department of 
Geology, posthumously elected (gift of botanical specimens, geo- 
logical specimens, books, and periodicals); Dr. William C. Ohlendorf, 
Park Ridge, Illinois (gift of botanical specimens, zoological speci- 


mens, and books) ; Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor of Scientific 
Publications (gift of money, botanical specimens, zoological speci- 
mens, and books) ; and Dr. R. H. Whitfield, Associate in the Division 
of Fossil Plants (gift of geological specimens). A complete list of 
gifts of materials from individuals and institutions in 1950 appears 
elsewhere in this Report. Some of the collections are described under 
the headings of the scientific departments. 


Curator William J. Gerhard, in charge of the Division of Insects 
from the time of its establishment in 1901, retired on December 31 
with the longest service record of any staff member of the Museum 
now living. He will continue scientific research in the Museum as 
Curator Emeritus. Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, 
who joined the staff in 1928 as Associate Curator of the Herbarium 
and became Curator in 1937, retired on December 31. He will 
live in Honduras, where, as Curator Emeritus, he will continue for 
the Museum his studies of Central American plants. Mrs. Emily M. 
Wilcoxson, who was given the title of Librarian Emerita in 1946 
after forty-one years on the staff, left the service of the Museum 
in March. Herman Abendroth, Photographer, and Mrs. Edna T. 
Eckert, Assistant Recorder, retired during the year. Robert Kana- 
zawa. Assistant in the Division of Fishes, Kenneth Woehlck, Assist- 
ant Taxidermist, Leonard Rosenthal, Preparator in the Department 
of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, and Miss Mary E. 
Babcock, Assistant in the Library, resigned. Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, 
Curator of Colombian Botany, terminated his contract with the 
Museum and accepted a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Founda- 
tion Fellowship. 

Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant in Archaeology, was promoted 
to Assistant Curator, and Miss Elaine Bluhm was appointed Assist- 
ant. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
was promoted to Curator to succeed Curator Emeritus Standley. 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Assistant in Plant Reproduction, was made 
Artist-Preparator, Frank Boryca, Assistant in Plant Reproduction, 
was made Preparator, and Miss Phyllis Wade was appointed Secre- 
tary of the Department of Botany. George Langford, Assistant 
Curator of Fossil Plants, was promoted to Curator, and Mrs. 
Priscilla F. Turnbull was appointed Assistant in the Division of 
Fossil Vertebrates. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator of Insects, 
was promoted to Curator to succeed Curator Emeritus Gerhard, 


and Henry S. I)>l)as, A>sistant Curalor of Insects, was made 
AsscH-iate Curaior. Auirusl Ziemer was appointed Assistant in the 
Division of Insects, Hymen Marx was promoted to Assistant in the 
Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, and (Jeorjje Steinhardt, a new 
employee, became Assistant in the Department of the X. W. Harris 
i'ul)lic School Kxtensioii. Carl \V. Cotton, Assistant in the Division 
of N'erlebrate Anatomy, was made Assistant Taxi<iermist. Miss 
Ruth Debus, assistant in the Library in liHT, rejoined the stafT as 
Reference Librarian. John Bayalis, Assistant Photop'apher, was 
promoted to PhotoKTapher, L. Ix'land Webber and Miss Jeannette 
Forster were made Assistant Recorders, Mrs. Je.ssie Dudley was 
placed in charge of the Mu.seum Book Shop, and George Woodward 
was promoted to Captain of the Guard. 

It is with regret that I record the death of Kvan Andrews, 
Museum employee in the Division of Maintenance; Dr. Louis B. 
Bishop, Research Associate in the Division of Birds since 1939; 
Benjamin P>ridge, Auditor Emeritus, in continuous service of the 
Museum since LS5)7; David J. Conwill, Captain of the Guard, 
mombor of the Mu.seum guard force since 19:M; Henry W. Nichols, 

A group of Sioux Indians, who came to the Museum to look at the Indian exhibits 
AuA the animals of the plains, attracts a following of entranced children visitors. 



former Chief Curator of the Department of Geology, in the service 
of the Museum for fifty years until his retirement in 1944; Paul J. 
Warner, Preparator in the Department of Anthropology since 1937; 
and Albert B. Wolcott, assistant in the Division of Insects and 
then Assistant Curator in the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension until his retirement in 1942 after thirty- 
four years in the service of the Museum. 


The Museum thanks its volunteer workers for their faithful con- 
tribution of time and effort. Names of some of them are included 
in the List of Staff at the beginning of this Report, where they are 
designated by the titles Research Associate, Associate, and, in one 
case. The Layman Lecturer. Other volunteers in 1950, not in that 
list, are : Department of Anthropology — Miss Vivian Broman; Depart- 
ment of Botany — Miss Margaret Feigley, Dr. George D. Fuller, 
Philip Garrett, Floyd Swink; Department of Geology — Mrs. George 
Langford, Miss Nancy Robertson, Lloyd Soley; Department of 
Zoology — Mrs. Diane Burnett, Rodger D. Mitchell, George Moeller, 
Edward Palincsar, Miss Barbara Rohrke. 


After a leave of absence of two years Paul G. Dallwig, The Layman 
Lecturer of the Museum, returned in November to resume his course 
of Sunday afternoon lectures. A new subject, "Life, What Is It," 
brought an avalanche of requests for reservations. Only the limita- 
tions of space in the halls of the Museum, where his lectures were 
conducted, prevented him from reaching far more than the average 
attendance of 183 for each Sunday of the month. A long waiting 
list at the end of the month prompted Mr. Dallwig to repeat this 
same lecture on the afternoons of December 23 and December 24, 
dates on which the Director of the Museum feared that there would 
be slight response. However, the attendance on these two dates 
totaled 341, so that the newest presentation of The Layman Lecturer 
actually reached 1,071 persons. The December lectures, on pre- 
historic man, also taxed to the limit the available space, and with 
real regret many applicants for tickets were refused. The sincere 
thanks of the Museum are extended to Paul G. Dallwig, Chicago 
business man who contributes his time and effort to the education 
and entertainment of Museum visitors. 



The Museum had twenty-four exi)e(liti()ns in the field during 1950. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. K.xpeditions of IDoO and their leaders are: 

Ukp.aKT.MIONT of .\nthk<)I'()I.()c;y: Micronesia Anthropological 
F^jrpvdilion, 19Jf9 '>() Dr. Ale.xander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic 
Ethnology; Southwest Archaeological Expedition Dr. Paul S. Martin, 
Chief Curator. 

Dkp.aRTMKNT of Botany: Cuba Botanical Expedition Dr. P>. K. 
DahlgT'en, Curator Kmeritus; European Study Trip Dr. Francis 
Drouet, Curator of Cry|)togamic Botany; Middle Central America 
Botanical Expedition, U)ItS 50 Paul C. Standley, Curator of the 

Department of Geology: Alahanm Paleontological Field Trip — 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fo.ssil Reptiles; Eastern States 
Geological Field Trip- Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator; Missis- 
sippi \'aUey Geological Field Trip Robert K. Wyant, Curator of 
Economic Geology; Tennessee Paleobotanical Field Trip George 
Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants; Texas Paleontological Expedi- 
tion—Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fo.ssil Mammals; L'tah Paleonto- 
logical Expedition — Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fo.ssil Fishes; 
Wilmington (Illinois) Paleobotanical Field Trips Curator Langford; 
Wyoming Invertebrate Paleontological Field Trip Eugene S. Richard- 
son. Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates. 

Department of Zoology: Appalachian and Ouachita Mountains 
Zoological Field Trip Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and 
Reptiles; Arkansas Zoological Field Trip — Colin C. Sanborn, Curator 
of Mammals; Bermuda Zoological Expedition Dr. Fritz Haas, 
Curator of Lower Invertebrates; Borneo Zoological Expedition — 
D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy; Colombia Zoo- 
logical Expedition, 191^8 51 — Philip Hershkovitz, A.ssistant Curator 
of Mammals; Field Work for Care Fishes Ix)ren P. Woods, Curator 
of P'ishes; Florida Keys Fish-Collecting Trip, 191^9 50 Curator 
Woods; Gulf States Zoological Field Trip Leon L. Walters, Ta.xi- 
dermist; Texas Zoological Field Trip Karl P. Schmidt, Chief 
Curator; United States Xavy Medical Research Unit A'o. .], Cairo, 
Egypt, 19^9-51 — Harry Hoogstraal (in charge of Sudan Substation), 
Field Associate, Museum representative; West Africa Zoological 
Expedition, 1950-51 — Harry A. Beatty, of New York. 


Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

Archaeological excavations in a cave were undertaken for the first 
time in the history of the Department of Anthropology. The cave 
was high up on the side of a hill in the Apache National Forest of 
western New Mexico. Excavations were again carried out under a 
permit issued to Chicago Natural History Museum by the Forest 
Service, United States Department of Agriculture. This research 
program undertaken in the Apache National Forest is one of the 
most exhaustive and prolonged in the record of excavation in the 
Southwest. The 1950 field season, the seventh, occupied the months 
of June to September. Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, who 
was in charge of the expedition, was assisted by Dr. John B. Rinaldo, 
Assistant Curator of Archaeology, Dr. Ernst Antevs, Research 
Associate in Glacial Geology, W. T. Egan, photographer and sur- 
veyor, and James Barter and Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in 
Archaeology, classifiers and cataloguers. 

A dry cave (Tularosa Cave) was selected for field research this 
season because from it Chief Curator Martin and Dr. Rinaldo hoped 
to secure artifacts of perishable materials that could be identified as 
pertaining to the Mogollon culture, a relatively new culture that 
has been intensively studied by them during the past decade. All 
the materials recovered from previous digs consisted of tools of stone 
and bone and some pottery. Perishable materials such as clothing, 
basketry, vegetable products, and objects of wood and leather were 
lacking. And because of this lacuna, a complete story of the daily 
life of the Mogollon Indians could not be reconstructed. 

The excavations of 1950 were more successful than had been 
anticipated. A total of about 2,200 specimens was recovered, not 
counting broken pieces of pottery and odd ends of cordage. The 
deposits in the cave represent a classic example of stratigraphy or 
the dating of layers by position. That is to say, the earliest remains 
were found on the floor of the cave, the latest on the surface. Since 
such a vast quantity of material was recovered, a detailed analysis 
of it has not yet been completed. A few general statements, however, 
may safely be made. 

The earliest occupation of the cave probably took place several 
centuries before Christ. The first settlers were Indians who lived 
by gathering wild foods, who snared or hunted (with spear-thrower 
and spear) deer, rabbits, mountain sheep, and antelopes, and who 


farmed. Corn of a somewhat primitive nature (see Department of 
lk)tany, page 43) and s(|uash were the only trops ^-own by these 
early farmers. Somewhat later, beans were added to the crop roster, 
thus rornpleting the well-known crop triad corn, beans, and .scjuash 
known later to many of the Xorth American Indians. The collec- 
tion of vegetal materials recovered from Cave is the largest 
in the New World. Tlu' art of pottery-making was unknown to 
these earliest cave people. 'Vhv absence of this skill is significant 
because it was previously a.ssumed that lottery and corn were con- 
temporaneous in the time of their first appearance. The stone im- 
l>lemen(s from the lowest or earliest level of the cave are similar to found in Wet Leggett Canyon and reported on in the Annual 
Report for 19 17. 

Chief Curatoi' Martin and i)r. Kinaldo conjecture that the first 
dwellers in Tularosa Cave were probably Indians who are called The people wandered into the Apache Forest 
region from southern Arizona 1,500 or 2,000 years before Christ. 
Their culture is generally held to be ancestral to the Mogollon 
culture. In later levels of the cave the archaeologists found nearly 
every stage of the Mogollon culture. later layers are dated 
as running from about A.D. 300 to a.d. 1200. Pottery was introduced 
into the area about .\.n. 300, and a complete .series was found; i)lain 
brown and red wares at the bottom of the depo.sit; wares plus 

The cxcivation of Tulnrosa Cave, Apaclic N.itional Forest, western New Mc.vico, 
was the first c.wc project to be undertaken by the Department of Anthropology. 


a decorated type, Mogollon Red-on-Brown, in the middle layers; 
and textured brown wares, smudged wares, and a different decorated 
type, Reserve Black-on- White, in the uppermost layers. 

The list of perishable materials, preserved because of dry con- 
ditions in the cave, is impressive: sandals, spear-throwers of wood, 
spear foreshafts, bows and arrows, snares, rabbit nets, digging 
sticks for planting corn, rush mats, cradles, whistles or flutes, 
fragments of cotton textile, fur and feather blankets, aprons or 
"skirts" made of cotton (?) strings, bags made from animal skins, 
tobacco pipes, reed-cigarette butts, wooden spoons, ceremonial 
prayer sticks, hair nets, baskets, cloth bags, cordage, fetishes, and 
a medicine man's bag containing herbs and paraphernalia. In an 
early level, which is dated at about a.d. 600 or a.d. 700, were found 
the remains of two desiccated adults. These had been placed 
intentionally in burial pits. 

A brief analysis of the materials by levels (that is, by the dif- 
ferent periods of time involved) shows clearly that there were styles 
in types of sandals and basketry, in the tools of bone and stone, and 
in types of pottery and that these styles changed from time to time. 
For example, in the earliest layer were found wickerwork sandals 
(2 to 4 warp, over-one, under-one weave) made of coarse yucca 
leaves. In the latest layer that type of sandal had been replaced 
by one of a plaited or twilled weave with a herringbone effect. 

The 1950 excavations show that Tularosa Cave was occupied 
for about two thousand years. The materials that were recovered 
are new in the sense that they represent the first perishable speci- 
mens surely identified with the Mogollon culture. When the results 
of this work are published, students will have at their disposal an 
unparalleled series of articles used in daily life by the Mogollon 
Indians. It will then be possible to make conjectures and inferences 
not now possible. John W. Moyer, staff cinematographer, spent 
three weeks with the expedition making documentary films in color 
of the excavations in the cave and of other archaeological features, 
all of which will be incorporated into a unified film-story. 

Dr. Antevs, while with the expedition, continued climatological 
studies of Pine Lawn Valley. When working in Wet Leggett Canyon, 
where the earliest remains of man in the Valley have been discovered, 
he found an ancient hearth. Charcoal from this hearth was sent 
to the carbon-14 project of the Institute for Nuclear Studies, Uni- 
versity of Chicago. Dr. Willard F. Libby, in charge of the project, 
processed this charcoal and assigned to it a date of 4,508 years ago 
±680 years. This means that Pine Lawn Valley was inhabited 


about 2(H)() B.C. or 30()() n.c. 'I'his carhon-14 dale is very close to 
the estimated dates of 3000 B.C. to 1500 B.C. ma<ie several years ago 
by Dr. Antevs on the ba.sis of his climatic secjuences. Whether the 
earliest layer in Cave, excavate<i in 1950, will also date 
at about 2000 B.C. is not yet determined. 

In August the Mu.seum i.ssue<l Turkey Foot Ridge, A 
Moqollon Milage, Pine Lawn Valleu, Western Sew Mexico and, in 
October. Sites of the Reserve I^hase, Pine Lawn Vnllcn, Western New 
Mexico. These reports, written by Thief Curator Martin and Dr. 
Rinaldo, j)resent in detail the results of archaeological field work in 
the sea.sons of 1948 and 1949. Sites of the Reserve I'hase contains a 
conjectural .section on the .social organization of the MogoUon Indians 
who inhabited Pine Lawn \'alley in ancient times. This chapter is 
an effort to interpret raw data (such as location of house sites, kind 
and number of houses per period) in order to see if they would lead 
to probable inferences concerning social organization and culture 
gi'owth. The authors have thus, in an effort to emphasize interpreta- 
tion as an important part of archaeological work, i)roceeded one 
step beyond the mere pre.sentation of raw data. 

Until November Dr. Ale.xander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic 
Ethnology, was absent from the Mu.seum on a year's program of 
field work in the Mariana I.slands, Micronesia. The e.xpedition to 
the Marianas was financed and conductefl by the Museum but it 
was arranged and sponsored by the Pacific Science Board of the 
National Research Council, which has acted as a clearing agency 
for scientific field projects in Microne.sia. The work of the expedi- 
tion was also actively assisted by the Navy Department. Head- 
quarters of the expedition were maintained on Saipan. from which 
periodic visits were made to Tinian, Rota, and Guam. 

The objectives of the expedition were twofold: (a) an archaeo- 
logical project, designed to investigate the prehistory of the Mariana 
Islands, and (b) an ethnological project, was to 
examine the of change operative in the contemporary 
culture of the present inhabitants. P\^r the student of prehistory 
in the Pacific the Mariana Islands hold particular interest because 
they repre.sent the farthest penetration of rice agriculture into the 
Pacific from its Asiatic source while they also lie in the Oceanic 
pottery-making area. Pottery, because it is very .sensitive to innova- 
tion and change, is a mainstay of the archaeologist in reconstructing 
sequences of cultural development. The Marianas therefore present 
important possibilities in unraveling the story of man's past in this 
corner of the Pacific world. 



Archaeological excavations are begun at one of the prehistoric sites on Saipan in 
the Mariana Islands by the Anthropological Expedition to Micronesia, 1949-50. 

The archaeological work of the expedition was concentrated on 
Saipan and Tinian. A thorough survey was first made of the 
archaeological sites on the two islands. Although it was found 
that prewar Japanese agricultural operations, followed by the 
destruction caused by the World War II invasion of Saipan and 
Tinian and their use as American bases, had destroyed a great 
many archaeological sites, enough remained so that a series of sites 
could be selected for excavation. The most important of these 
sites belonged to the Marianas latte period (latte is the local name 
given to prehistoric stone columns, which are in actuality the 
foundation pillars of ancient houses). A number of latte sites were 
carefully mapped and dug, and the characteristics of the culture 
pattern of this period, as expressed in stone, bone, shell, and pottery 
artifacts, were delineated. From documentary sources we know that 
this latte culture endured until the time of the first contact with the 
Spanish. How long a time-span the entire period covered remains 
conjectural; after the materials recovered by the expedition have 
been fully studied, we may be able to state a reliable approximation. 


In any case, the expedition did unearth artifacts that preceded the 
lattf culture in time and that strongly suji^est that man was estab- 
hshed in the Marianas at least 750 to 1,000 years ago. 

Followinjj the completion of the archaeological work on Saipan 
and Tinian, Curator Spoehr made a brief archaeological survey of 
Rota, the most promising remaining island in the southern Marianas 
for archaeological work. In October, through the assistance of the 
Xavy Department, he was also enable<i to conduct a survey of the 
Palau Islands, which lie at the southwestern corner of Micronesia 
and which form the probable funnel through which passed the 
migrations into Polynesia and Micronesia. Curator Spoehr was 
able to ascertain the characteristics of the principal types of sites 
in the Palaus, as well as to determine the conditions of field work. 

The ethnological project of the expedition was concentrated on 
Saipan, with brief periods of work on Tinian and Rota. The focus 
of interest was the Chamorro and Carolinian inhabitants of Saipan. 
The Chamorros, as the natives of the Marianas are called, are a 
pAiropeanized group that developed a stable hybrid culture in the 
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when they existed under 
Spanish domination. The Carolinians are a small ethnic minority 
that migrated to Saipan from the Carolines during the nineteenth 
century. Both Chamorros and Carolinians have been subjected to 
the pre.ssures of culture change wrought by successive Spanish, 
German,, and American administrations, while during 
World War II the invasion of Saipan completely destroyed their 
homes and possessions and seriously di.srupted their lives. How 
this community is re-forming today, the areas of its culture that 
pre-sent either marked stability or marked instability, and the under- 
lying of culture change operative in the pre.sent situation 
formed the principal fields of examination. The results of the 
ethnological project as well as of the archaeological study will be 
published by the Mu.seum at a later date. 

During the year Donald Collier, Curator of South American 
Ethnology and Archaeology, continued work on the collection 
e.xcavated by the 1946 Archaeological P^xpedition to Peru. He 
made a study of Huari-style ceramics in the Mu.seum's collection 
of pottery from the .south highlands of Peru, an extension of the 
study of the important Tiahuanaco-period site of Huari near Aya- 
cucho that was investigated during the 1946 expedition (.see page 83). 
He made an inventory of wooden specimens in the collections 
from early Peruvian cultures in order to .select suitable .samples for 
carbon- 14 dating, and two Early Xazca samples were chosen and 


submitted to Dr. Libby. The dates obtained show the Early Nazca 
culture to be about two thousand years old. A similar survey was 
made of the Paleolithic collection for suitable antler samples. 
Curator Collier supervised an intensive study by Miss Vivian 
Broman, a volunteer, of the Mexican and Mayan archaeological 
collections. The purpose of this study was to place all of the 
materials in the new cultural groupings and time phases developed 
in Middle American archaeology during the past fifteen years. Miss 
Broman produced an extensive descriptive outline and inventory 
that will be invaluable when the Hall of Mexican Archaeology 
(Hall 8) is revised. This revision may be possible after consumma- 
tion of the exchange of collections with the National Museum of 
Anthropology in Mexico City, which will fill many gaps in our 
Mexican archaeological collection. Curator Collier devoted con- 
siderable time to supervision of the packing of the collection to be 
sent to Mexico from this Museum. It is hoped that the exchange 
will be completed within a short time. 

Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology, 
began a study, to be published by the Museum, of material of the 
Early Lima period excavated by him during the Museum's 1926 
Archaeological Expedition to Peru. To facilitate this study Curator 
Collier went over this collection, shipped type specimens to Dr. 
Kroeber in New York, furnished data from the catalogue, and 
supervised the photographing of specimens. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, con- 
tinued his research in craniometry and brought to completion a 
work entitled "Craniometry of Malekula and New Caledonia," one 
of a series that will eventually cover a wide field of research on the 
Museum collection of five hundred crania from Melanesia. The 
volumes published by the Museum to date are Craniometry of New 
Guinea, Craniometry of Ambrym Island, and Cranial Capacities, A 
Study in Methods. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, conducted research in 
North American ethnology in connection with the exhibition program 
and undertook research on the archaeology of the lower Mississippi 
Valley preparatory to completing portions of reports dealing with 
the Plaquemine and Natchezan culture periods. Considerable prog- 
ress was made on a report of the Bayou Goula site in Iberville 
Parish, Louisiana, where a Plaquemine period ceremonial center 
consisting of a plaza and temple mounds was overlaid by a historic 
Natchezan-period fortified village that was successively occupied 
by the Bayogoula, Quinipissa, Acolapissa, Tiou, Taensa, and Houma. 



Some research time was devoted to the subject of silver ornaments 
made for trade with Indians in the seventeenth and eighteenth 
centuries. A report on trade silver is in preparation. 

Durinii the first months of the year Dr. Rinaldo collaborated 
with Chief Curator Martin in |)reparinp a report on the excavations 
duriniz the summer of llM!) of three Indian ruins located in Pine 
L;i\vn Xallcy of west-central W'w Mexico. He prepared a series 
of iiraphs illustratini; (he in population den.sity in the 
Moixollon area from a.d. 500 to a.d. 1(».')() and other illustrations 
for this report. In .July the Mu.seum Press i.ssued An Analysis of 
Cullure ChniKjc iu tliv Ackmcti-Loirry Area by Dr. Rinaldo, an 
analysis of trends and rates of change in the culture of the prehistoric 
Pueblo Indians of .southwestern Colorado. He continued 
on and catalojjuin^ of the extensive Herzfeld collection of Xear 
Eastern antifjuities. During the summer he assisted Chief Curator 
Martin in the excavation of three caves formerly occupied by the 
Indians in west-central New Mexico and, after his return from the 
field in the fall, made a detailed analysis of the pottery and stone 
and bone artifacts from the summer's excavations preliminary to 
the preparation of a report on the .season's field work. He collabo- 
rated with Chief Curator Martin in preparation of a paper on "The 
Southwestern Co-Tradition," a study of developments in common 
among the prehistoric Indian cultures of the Southwest. 

Accessions— Anthropology 

More than 2,000 artifacts were obtained by the 1950 Southwest 
Archaeological Expedition. The most valuable and significant 
of these are the sandals, basketry, cloth, bows, arrows, darts, and 
I)rayer sticks because they are the only specimens of such perishable 
materials that have been recovered from sites of the prehistoric 
INIogollon Indians. These unique materials are now being classified 
and studied. In addition, corn on the cob and corncobs were found 
in abundance, some of which is the earliest yet di.scovered. The 
1919 50 Anthropological Expedition to Micronesia returned with 
an archaeological collection consisting of about 500 pieces. Stone, 
bone, and shell tools and ornaments and some very early and some 
rare pottery were recovered from surveys and excavations on Saipan, 
Tinian, and Rota in the Mariana Islands. These materials are now 
being studied, preparatory to publication of the results of the work 
of the expedition to Micronesia. 


Exhibits— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby thirty-five new 
exhibits (inckiding six dioramas) were completed during the year 
for Mary D. Sturges Hall (Hall 5) by Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist, 
and Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist, with the assistance of Walter C. 
Reese, Preparator, and John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer. The new 
exhibits were planned by the curatorial staff of the Department of 
Anthropology to show the culture of historic Indians (ethnologyX 
of the woodlands and prairies of eastern North America. The hall, 
which will contain, when complete, fifty-nine exhibits (including 
seven dioramas), is divided into seven sections: Indians of the 
Eastern Prairies, Indians of the Western Prairies, Indians of the 
Southern Prairies, Indians of the Northern Woodlands, Indians of 
the Southern Woodlands, Indians of the Eastern Woodlands, and 
Indians of the Chicago Region of the Central Woodlands. Eighteen 
exhibits were completed for the hall in 1949, and, with the addition 
of six exhibits in 1951, the hall will be open to the public. 

'Pawnee Thunder Ceremony" will be shown in Hall 5 (Woodland and Prairie Indians). 


ncp.irrmcnt of Be^rany 

RcscMrcli .ind Expodinoiis 

I)urin,tr the year Paul (\ Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, con- 
tiiuu'<l his ex|)e(hti()n lo middle Central America, exi)lorinK mainly 
in Honduras. In the early summer he returned for a brief stay at 
the Museum, where he identified many of his collections. He was 
in residence in Honduras at the K.scuela A^-Jcola Panamericana, 
near Teizuciiralpa, and from there he made numerous collecting trii)s 
to the departments of Mora/.an and Kl Paraiso, which continue to 
furnish many new species of plants and others new to middle Central 
America. In January and February he collected in the department 
of Intibuca in the vicinity of La Ksperanza and Intibuca, the highest 
larjie towns of Honduras, a rej^ion that yielded many i)lants previ- 
ously imknown south of Guatemala; in October he spent two weeks 
about Pespire, in the department of Choluteca near the Pacific coast; 
and in December he collected about Xueva Ocotepeque, near the 
point where Kl Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala meet. 
three regions had never been visited before by a botanist. Curator 
Standley has now visited all the departments of Honduras for 
botanical exploration, but vast areas of the country have never yet 
been seen by any botanist. During the year he made more than 
three thousand collections of flowering plants and cryptogams. 

Dr. B. K. Dahlgi-en, Curator p]meritus, continued his studies of 
American palms and collected for .several months in Cuba. Dr. 
Theodor Just, Chief Curator, studied fo.ssil Cycadaceae and Me.sozoic 
plant microfossils as well as the fossil floras of the southern hemi- 
sphere. J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, carried 
on studies of the flora of Peru at various herbaria in California. 
Dr. Karl K. Sherff, As.sociate in Systematic Botany, con- 
tinued his studies of Hawaiian plants, {)articularly the genus A'o/o- 
(richium and related plants such as pigweed, celosia, and co.xcomb, 
anfl carried on monogi'aphic studies of various genera of Compositae 
for publication in "North American Flora." Llewelyn Williams, 
A.s.sociate in Poorest Products, spent the greater part of the year in 
the Far Fast, studying forest products in various countries and col- 
lecting woods for exhibition 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of P>onomic Botany, spent March 
and April in Cuba as.sisting Curator Kmeritus Dahlgren with the 
Cuban palm project. During the remainder of the year he made 
a study of native American food plants and their wild relatives, 


Corn from Tularosa Cave, New Mexico. The three lower ears are pod corn, which is 
believed to be similar to the kind of corn from which modern corn was developed. 
These ears came from the deepest (earliest) levels of the cave. The eight ears 
above, from an upper (more recent) level, show greater development and variation. 

based on collections by Museum expeditions and on a large loan 
collection of Peruvian archaeological material made by Dr. Junius 
Bird, of the American Museum of Natural History. In order to 
provide reliable material for comparison, a collection of all available 
legumes used for food was grown near Chicago during the summer. 
After July Curator Cutler was engaged in research on plant materials 
recovered from Tularosa Cave by the Museum's 1950 Southwest 
Archaeological Expedition. The excavated material is in amount, 
condition, and diversity of cultivated plant material the best collec- 
tion that has ever been made. Of most interest is the corn, com- 


prising about thirty-ei^'ht thousand cobs, fragments, and a few 
ears complete with j^Tains and husks. Some of the corn, the most 
primitive yet uneiunhed, is bcHeved to be the oldest corn yet dis- 
covered. The study of this valuable collection is expected to require 
at least another year. 

I)r. Julian A. Steyermark, A.ssociate Curator of the Herbarium, 
continued the study of his collections from Venezuela and Ecuador 
and those from Venezuela made by Associate Williams. Associate 
Curator Steyermark's collections from Venezuela continued to yield 
a lar^e proportion of species new to science as well as numerous 
rei'ords of plants previously unknown from that country. The 
report on new species from Venezuela, prepared by A.s.sociate Curator 
Steyermark and many sjjecialists, is .soon to be i.ssued by the Mu.seum. 
Many of these Venezuelan collections rei)re.sent important additions 
to our knowledge of plant geography and have yielded valuable 
information on plant evolution and endemism. The proportion of 
species new to science collected by him is higher than that resulting 
from any previous e.xpedition spon.sored by the Museum. It is 
hoped that future expeditions will be made in order to bring forth 
additional botanical novelties. 

A number of field trips to Missouri were made by Associate 
Curator Steyermark in connection with his work as 
A.ssociate of Mi.s.souri Botanical Garden. Important new herbarium 
collections were made that throw new light on the ranges of eastern 
and southern species in the United States, and .several virgin forests 
and a virgin prairie in the heart of the Ozarks, previou.sly uncol- 
lected, yielded valuable botanical data. One of the rarest plants in 
North America, Geocarpon minimum, was redi.scovered by him in 
company with its original collector, E. J. Palmer, in Jasper County, 
southwestern Missouri. Results of a reinvestigation (.see page 84 j 
showed that the genus had been misi)laced in the Aizoaceae, the 
family to which it had previously and rather uncertainly been 
referred, and instead should be placed in the CaryophyUaceae. In 
addition Associate Curator Steyermark spent considerable time 
identifying numerous collections that were sent in for determination 
from the United States, Mexico, and Central and South America. 
Special attention was given to certain families, such as the Ruhiaceae, 
Euphorbiaceae, Letitihulariaceae, and Compositoe. 

Work was begim in the summer on the separation of type speci- 
mens from the regular mounted herbarium sheets. This is being 
done in order to make these important specimens upon which the 
concept of the species is based readily available to workers as well 


as immediately accessible for evacuation in case of fire or emergencies 
brought on by the contingencies of war. Type specimens are the 
most valuable specimens a herbarium possesses, and they must be 
saved at all cost. The Museum possesses a splendid collection of 
such specimens, especially from Central and South America. 

During 1950, as the year before, many specimens sent to the 
Museum by collectors and various institutions were identified by 
Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas, Curator of Colombian Botany. Of these the 
most important collections are those of Woytkowski, Yepes, Cas- 
taneda, Schultes, Patifio, Daniel, Uribe-Uribe, Sneidern, Brother 
Apolinar-Maria, Facultad Agronomia Medellin, Acosta Soils, Espi- 
nosa, Paredes from Ecuador, Cardenas from Bolivia, and Leon from 
Costa Rica. Loans received for naming from other institutions 
(United States National Herbarium, New York Botanical Garden, 
Gray Herbarium, and University of California) were identified by 
Curator Cuatrecasas, chiefly collections of Andean Compositae, 
Cunoniaceae, Rosaceae, Guttiferae, Bomhacaceae, Moraceae, Tiliaceae, 
and Sterculiaceae. Approximately four thousand specimens of such 
collections and special groups were thus named. 

In addition Curator Cuatrecasas identified or described as new 
many species in his large collection of Colombian plants, containing 
more than twenty-four thousand numbers of phanerogams, many 
of which are accompanied by wood and bark samples of undescribed 
trees. Because many groups found in tropical x\merica are incom- 
pletely known or specimens often come from previously unexplored 
areas, much research and critical work must be done in order to 
identify such a collection, including extensive studies of type collec- 
tions in American and European herbaria, and descriptions of new 
species must be prepared before studies of a more general character 
can be undertaken. This fundamental taxonomic work must be 
supplemented by data obtained from material deposited in other 
American and European herbaria in preparation of a critical catalogue 
of all species of flowering plants found in Colombia, which will be 
the basis of a descriptive flora of Colombia and of future studies 
on plant distribution and ecology. Because of the special geo- 
graphical position of Colombia this catalogue of its flora will be of 
great use to all those interested in the biogeography of other South 
and Central American countries. The flora of Colombia is estimated 
to contain around twenty-five thousand species or more than ten 
times the number of species found in Illinois. Work on this catalogue 
will be started in 1951 under the auspices of the John Simon Guggen- 
heim Memorial Foundation of New York. 


This desert scene near Tucson. Arizona, appears in a recent Museum publication, 
"Natural Landscapes of the United States," h\ J. Francis Macbride (Popular Series). 

Dr. Franci.s Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, .^^pent most 
of the year in naminji .specimens of algae received from many .sources 
and in curating the collection.s of cryptogams. In April he left for 
four months of study of types of micro.scopic algae in European 
herbaria, a project made possible with funds provided by Elmer J. 
Richards, of Chicago. Visits were made at the British Mu.seum 
(Natural History), Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, Linnean Society 
of London, University of Birmingham, Museum d'Histoire Xaturelle 
in Paris, Con.servatoire Botanique in Geneva, University of Geneva, 
Eidgenossische Technische in Zurich, University of 


Zurich, University of Vienna, Natural History Museum in Vienna, 
the private collections of the de Toni family in Brescia, Rijksher- 
barium in Leiden, Botanical Museum in Copenhagen, University 
of Lund, Natural History Museum in Stockholm, University of 
Uppsala, and the Botanical Museum in Oslo. 

This project was in continuation of work on a revision of the 
coccoid blue-gi^een algae being carried on in collaboration with 
William A. Daily, of Butler University. Mr. and Mrs. Daily spent 
some days at the Museum during the year studying the collections 
of Myxophyceae and Characeae. Dr. Hanford Tiffany and Donald 
Richards, Research Associates, continued work on the cryptogams, 
the latter taking charge of the collections during the absence of 
Curator Drouet. Miss Margaret Feigley, volunteer worker, identi- 
fied large numbers of bryophytes. Dr. Maxwell S. Doty and Miss 
Dorothy E. Fensholt, of Northwestern University, made considerable 
use of the collections of algae in their research. 

Under the direction of Mrs. Effie M. Schugman more than thirteen 
thousand specimens and photographs of cryptogams were mounted 
on sheets. These were filed in the herbarium cases by Curator 
Drouet. More than three thousand duplicate cryptogams were 
distributed to other institutions and individuals in exchanges. 
Approximately thirty-six thousand specimens and type photographs 
were mounted and distributed in the phanerogamic herbarium. 
More than eight thousand specimens of ferns and flowering plants 
were sent in exchange to other institutions and individuals. From 
its large collections of negatives of type and historical specimens 
of American plants in European herbaria the Department of Botany 
sold and sent in exchange during the year more than six thousand 
prints to other institutions and to botanists for study purposes. 

Accessions— Botany 

Several important additions to the phanerogamic herbarium were 
made during the year. The most noteworthy of these are: the 
herbarium of Johns Hopkins University containing more than 7,000 
ferns and flowering plants and about 2,600 cryptogams (received 
as a gift through the efforts of Chief Curator Just); 2,788 plant 
specimens from Dr. William C. Ohlendorf (gift); 1,987 plants of 
Hawaii from Research Associate Sherff (gift) ; 1,874 plant specimens 
from the University of Illinois, Chicago (gift) ; 2,300 plant specimens 
of southern Mexico from Dr. Margery Carlson (purchase); 1,256 
type photographs from the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, 


SanliaKo. (^'liilt' ('exchaiiKt'i ; "j.Kil plain spcviinens from the Kscuela 
A^n'c-ola I'anainericana, 'I'oKuciKMlpa, Honduras (exc-hanjiC) ; 3,755 
plant spet'inu'ns of Kurope and I*araj:iiay from Missouri Botanical 
Garden (exchanKei ; 1,077 plant sj)ecimens of South Africa and 
Ijower California from the I'niversity of California (exchange); and 
I, (117 phiiil specimens of Sweden from Xaturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, collected by Dr. (iunnar Samuelsson (exchange). In 
addition lo material (•oIlecte<l on Museum expeditions more than 
l;].()00 cryptouams were accessioned, of which some .3,000 were 
puri'hased with the Donald Richards Fund. An imjiortant addition 
to both the phaneroj,'amic and cry|)t()pamic herbaria was made by 
the Middle Central America i^otanical Kx|)edition of 19 IS 50 with 
the accessioning of 30,000 plants collected by Curator Standley. 
l'()ii> wood specimens were received as a pift from the Natural 
Resources Section, Division of Forestry. San Francisco. 

Exhibits— Botany 

A noteworthy addition lo the synoptic exhibit of flowering plant 
families in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Life Plant) 
is a reproduction of a ginger lily (Hcdychium Gardnerianum) from 
India, a showy member of the Ginger family with fragrant golden 
yellow flowers in large terminal spikes. A flowering stem of powdery 
thalia, a tall aquatic or marsh herb native of .semitropical America, 
was added during the year to the adjacent exhibit of the ArrowToot 
family {Marautnccae). Both models were made by Kmil Sella, 
Curator of Fxhibits, with the a.ssistance of Samuel H. Grove, Jr., 
Artist-Preparator, and P'rank Boryca, Preparator. Real progreSvS 
was made in the rearrangement and reconditioning of the exhibits 
in Hall 29. A total of thirty-four families was reinstalled, in some 
instances partial restoration being nece.ssary. Two exhibition cases 
were rebuilt by Pre|)arator Mathias Dones to provide greater depth. 
In Charles F. Millspaugh Hall iHall 26, Xorth American Trees) 
several new reproductions were installed. Of, branches of 
red ash iFraximis), .sugar maple (Acer), white oak (Quercus), 
American elm (rhnns), and hackberry ((V//nsi were prepared by 
Artist-Preparator Milton Copulos and Preparator Boryca. Included 
in the series is a branch of wild black cherry iPninus) assembled 
by Artist-Preparator Grove. Collecting of suitable living material 
for the preparation of these exhibits was facilitated by the generous 
assistance of Clarence E. Godshalk, Director, and F. lyowell 
Kammerer, Arboriculturist, of the Morton Arboretum. 


Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

In conjunction with the studies of meteorites, Robert K. Wyant, 
Curator of Economic Geology, made detailed quantitative chemical 
analyses of one iron (Smithonia) and three stone (Pantar, Paragould, 
and Potter) meteorites and determined the mineralogical composition 
of the stone meteorites from the bulk chemical analyses. He also 
made physical and chemical examinations of forty-seven carbonate 
and silicate rocks from the Museum's collections. In collaboration 
with Curator Wyant, Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, completed 
the descriptive, metallographical, and petrographical studies of the 
four meteorites and made further studies of the Benld and La Porte 
meteorites. The results of the studies of La Porte and Smithonia 
were published by the Museum during the year. Papers on the 
other four meteorites will be ready for the press early in 1951. 

The exciting discovery of Early Cretaceous mammals in northern 
Texas in November, 1949, by a Museum party was made known in 
last year's Annual Report. Since then Bryan Patterson, Curator of 
Fossil Mammals, has completed a paper on the specimens collected, 
which has been scheduled to appear early in 1951. In addition. 
Curator Patterson continued his work on the latest Eocene or earliest 
Oligocene mammals of trans-Pecos Texas. He also completed the 
first draft of a paper with Dr. Albert Elmer Wood, of Amherst 
College, on the earliest South American Tertiary rodents. Curator 
Patterson's studies on the auditory regions of the edentates, in 
collaboration with Dr. Walter Segall, of Northwestern University, 
have progressed satisfactorily during the year. Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles, worked primarily on a revision of the 
turtles of the family Toxochelyidae, a complicated, time-consuming 
undertaking that is now nearing completion. Curator Zangerl also 
continued his studies on the comparative morphology of the turtle 
shell and on the reclassification of this order of reptiles. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, continued his 
study of the Late Devonian fresh-water fishes of the Rocky Moun- 
tain states. Work on the armored placoderm Bothriolepis has been 
completed, and the various lobe-finned fishes and lung fishes that 
inhabited the same streams and estuaries are now occupying his 
attention. In addition Curator Denison has prepared a large portion 
of the Early Devonian fishes from Utah and has begun a study of 
one of the groups of jawless ostracoderms, the Heterostraci. 




George L.ingford, Curator of Fossil Plants, collects plant nodules near Wilmington. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of P'o.ssil Inverlebrate.s, has 
been occupied chiefly in identifying, checking, and .selecting speci- 
mens for the new exhibits of invertebrate fossils and fo.s.sil plants 
for Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37, P^os.sil Invertebrates and 
Fo.s.sil Plants). He spent considerable time writing the general 
labels and headings for exhibits. Several months were 
devoted to reidentifying and checking the specimens purchased 
from the Hovey Mu.seum at Wabash College. He also identified 
the fo.ssils collected in 1949 from the Ordovician and Devonian rocks 
of New York by Chief Curator Roy. 

George Langford, Curator of Fo.ssil Plants, who for the past 
several years has been engaged in pre[)aring a comprehensive account 
of the flora and fauna of the Pennsylvanian deposits near Wilmington, 
Will County, Illinois, completed his manuscript early this year. It 
consists of the descriptions and illu.strations of 550 species of fossil 
plants and 110 species of the fauna, chiefly invertebrates. This 


may be regarded as a remarkable total to be recovered from a 
single deposit. Since completing his monograph, Curator Langford 
has been busy identifying the Mesozoic and Cenozoic fossil plants 
recently collected in the Gulf region. 

Curators Patterson and Zangerl conducted an expedition, under- 
taken in collaboration with the Texas Memorial Museum, to northern 
Texas during April, May, and June. Curator Zangerl carried out a 
general survey of the Early Cretaceous Trinity Group in that region, 
while Curator Patterson concentrated his work at the locality from 
which mammals had been obtained in 1949. The remains of the 
mammals and of the infinitely more numerous fishes, amphibians, 
and reptiles occur sporadically in a bed of poorly consolidated sand 
some twelve to eighteen inches thick. The sand breaks down readily 
in water and it was therefore decided to attempt washing operations 
on a fairly large scale. 

Some sorting of the coarsest grade was possible in the field, but 
the finer grades had to be brought back to the Museum and sorted 
under a binocular microscope in the laboratory, a task that is still 
in progress. It proved possible to process some tons of sand by 
this means. Several specimens of the extremely rare mammals were 
detected in the field and additional fragments have since been found 
in the laboratory, together with gratifying numbers of frogs and 
lizards. The majority of the mammals are triconodonts of the same 

Among the fossil plant specimens collected near Wilmington, Illinois, were found 
a few relatively rare scorpions, spiders, myriapods, and shrimp-like arthropods. 


speoies as those found in 1919, but at least one, reprettably very 
incomplete, api)ears to be referable to the ^roup from which it is 
believed nearly all livin^r mammals have descendcMJ. 

Curator Zan^'erl left for Alabama during the latter j>art of 
August to complete the excavation of a large sea turtle, previously 
discovered and partially colle<*te<l by Allan Hard, of Tuscaloosa, 
Alabama, and liobcrl Hani of Klini. Michigan. Curator Denison 
made a return visit to northeastern I'tah to obtain a more complete 
collection of ihc I'.arly Devonian fish fauna of the Water Canyon 
formation. He was assisted in the field by William D. Turnbull, 
Preparator, and Mrs. Turnbull, A.ssistant in Fossil X'ertebrates, 
and for part of the time by Curator Patterson. Partial prej)aration 
of the specimens collected reveals that there is a wide variety of 
ostracoderms, placoderms, and acanthodians as well as certain of 
the earliest lobe-finned fi.shes and lung fishes. The material collected 
not only will add substantially to the pre.sent collection of primitive 
fishes but will furnish additional information regarding the 
anatomy of these early vertebrates. 

Curator Langford made several short trips to the Pennsylvanian 
deposits near Wilmington, Illinois, and two trips totaling three weeks 
to the Me.sozoic and Cenozoic formations of the Ciulf regions (we.stern 
Tenne.s.see and northern Mi.ssi.ssippii. The purpose of trips 
was chiefly to collect fo.ssil plants, and Curator Langford, a veteran 
collector, has been most succe.ssful in his efforts to enrich the pre.sent 
collection. Curator Richard.son spent a month in the West doing 
reconnai.s.sance work and collecting trilobites and hyolithids in the 
Cambrian Gros Ventre shale of Wyoming. During the month of 
May Curator Wyant visited several mining districts in .southern 
and northwestern Illinois and southeastern Mis.souri and made a 
repre.sentative collection from each locality. He collected, 
from the areas adjacent to mining districts, rock types 
that were not rei)resented in the Museum's lithological collection. 

Exhibits— Gcolot^y 

During 1950 a total of twenty-nine new exhibits and three restora- 
tion groups were completed. Seventeen exhibits and three restora- 
tion groups dealing with the life and geologic events of the earth's 
history from Pre-Cambrian time through the Ice Age were installed 
in the new Hall of Po.ssil Invertebrates and Fo.ssil Plants (Hall 37, 
Frederick J. V. SkifT Halli. The restoration groups are the work of 
George Marchanri, a noted .sculptor-artist of Ebenezer, Xew York. 


All other work in this hall was done under the able direction of 
Curator Richardson and Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, 
with the assistance of Preparators Henry Horback and Henry U. 
Taylor. Hall 37 is not yet complete, but plans call for its com- 
pletion in July, 1951. 

Three new exhibits devoted to amphibians and primitive reptiles 
were installed in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38, Fossil Vertebrates). 
These exhibits illustrate, among other things, the evolution of limbs 
from fins and the diversity of form attained by amphibians. They 
also demonstrate the advances of the reptilian egg over the am- 
phibian, which made true land-life possible, and display the evolu- 
tionary radiation of the reptiles. Reptilian radiation is illustrated 
by means of a series of reconstruction models executed by Artist 
Joseph B. Ki'stolich, of the Department of Zoology. Other models, 
the mounting of the skeletons, and the installation of the cases were 
the work of Chief Preparator Orville L. Gilpin and Preparators 
Turnbull and Stanley Kuczek. Nine new exhibits are on display 
in the Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36). 

Accessions— Geology 

The largest new accession of fossil invertebrates this year was the 
collection of the Hovey Museum, obtained by purchase from Wabash 
College, Crawfordsville, Indiana. This collection, which was brought 
together about eighty years ago, includes a great many fine speci- 
mens from classic collecting localities no longer accessible. For 
example, there are 208 lots of Mississippian crinoids, chiefly from 
Crawfordsville, a locality renowned for the many complete crinoid 
heads collected there in the past. The specimens are painstakingly 
prepared. To assemble a similar collection today, even were the 
specimens still readily available, would require the services of a 
collector for several months and of a skilled preparator for more than 
a year. Another noteworthy addition to the fossil invertebrate 
collection, made by exchange with the University of Michigan, was 
32 lots of Devonian corals, bryozoans, and brachiopods. 

In addition to the fossil vertebrate material collected by Museum 
expeditions, a number of specimens were obtained by gift, exchange, 
or purchase. The University of Chicago donated a number of speci- 
mens of Permian fish, amphibians, and reptiles, collected in Texas 
by Dr. Everett C. Olson, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates. 
Allen M. Hard and Robert H. Hard presented turtle fragments 
from the Cretaceous deposits of Alabama, the University of Ten- 


nessee a cast of a fossil turtle, and the Provincial Museum of Saskat- 
chewan a lower jaw of the Oli^ocene rhinoceros Ilyracudon. By 
exchange lOarly Devonian fish were obtained from Dartmouth College 
Museum and a skeleton of the Triassic re[)tile Trilophosaurus from 
Texas Memorial Museum. The collection of the Hovey Museum 
contains a series of fossil vertebrates, chiefly mammals, antl includes 
type and figured specimens featured in the work of Dr. Jo.seph Leidy, 
one of the founding fathers of American vertebrate paleontolojfy. 
The Museum was apain fortunate to record a valuable pift of 950 
fossil plants from Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, Associates in Fossil 
Plants, and their son. Jon S. Whitfield. 

In economic geology the more interesting additions from sources 
other than the Museum's collecting include gifts of 140 rocks and 
ores from the Colombian government and a large group of dolomite 
sand crystals from Morgan Davis, Director of the Humble Oil 
Company. The Colombian sj)ecimens, which were exhibited at the 
International Trade Fair in Chicago, form an excellent representa- 
tion of the economic geology of Colombia. 

This fine skeleton of Bradysaurus haini, a sizable parciasaur reptile from the 
Karroo Formation of South Africa, was lately remounted and installed in Hall 38. 


Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

In the Division of Mammals Curator Colin C. Sanborn continued 
research on mammals (chiefly bats) from various parts of the world, 
especially those represented in the rich material newly received from 
South America and Africa. Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist, was 
engaged for most of the year in the preparation and reconditioning 
of study skins. In the Division of Birds Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator, 
was occupied with studies of the taxonomy of Old World birds, the 
distribution of birds of the Yukon, the anatomy of certain shore 
birds from Asia and America, the moult of the cassowary, social 
behavior in birds, and the habits of the peculiar Madagascan birds 
of the family Nesoenatidae. The acquisition of the notable van 
Someren Collection of East African birds lays a foundation for effec- 
tive further researches in African ornithology. Emmet R. Blake, 
Associate Curator, prepared material on birds of British Guiana for 
technical publication and did essential background research for a 
semipopular book on Mexican birds. Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Re- 
search Associate, studied Peruvian and Paraguayan birds and aided 
Curator Rand in preliminary studies of birds of El Salvador. In 
addition to her work with exhibits Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, 
carried on considerable curatorial work. 

In the Division of Reptiles Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphib- 
ians and Reptiles, continued his detailed study of North American 
salamanders. He returned to his interest in the striking of venomous 
snakes and, aided by Jay B. Leviton, made high-speed electronic 
flash photographs of striking rattlesnakes. In connection with 
research on African reptiles Curator Pope visited the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, for several weeks in 
July for consultation with Arthur Loveridge. Robert F. Inger, 
Assistant Curator of Fishes, continued his study of amphibians of 
the Philippines, in which he was engaged before his transfer from 
the Division of Reptiles. While at the University of Frankfort in 
Frankfort-on-Main, Germany, as member of the faculty exchange 
group from the University of Chicago, Karl P. Schmidt, Chief 
Curator, was able to advance the manuscript of the sixth edition of 
Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 

In the Division of Fishes Curator Loren P. Woods continued 
his work on the supplementary volume for the Museum's extremely 
useful three-volume work. The Marine Fishes of Panama. The 


receipt of a colkrlion of fishes from the edge of the continent:al 
shelf in the Gulf of Mexico, throu^ih the co-operation of Dr. Hurst 
Shoemaker, of the I'niversity of lUinois, neatly stimulated his 
studies of the fishes of the (iulf region, with emphasis on a revision 
of the damsel fishes, family Fomacentridae. Robert Kanazawa, 
Assistant before his departure to a position in the Unite<l States 
National Museum, studied confer eels and the available material 
of African fishes, in which he founcj an interesting new genus of 
cichlids. Mrs. Marion Grey, A.ssociate, completed the description 
of three new species of deep-.sea fishes collected in the of the 
Hermuda Deep-Sea Expedition of 1948. In the Division of Verte- 
brate Anatomy Curator D. Dwight Davis, after his return from 
Borneo, resume<l his studies of the anatomy of the Carnivora, grouped 
around his research toward a monograj)h on the giant panda. Dr. 
\l. M. Strong, Research A.ssociate, continued his studies of the 
anatomy of the mud-puppy Xecfurus. 

The time for salvaged from their increa.sing curatorial 
duties in the Division of Insects was u.sed by Rupert L. Wenzel 
and Henry S. Dybas, A.ssistant Curators, in studies respectively of 
the beetle families Histeridae and Ptiliidae. A.>^sistant Curator 
Wenzel spent .several weeks early in the year in the examination of 
types and in other studies of histerid beetles at eastern mu.seums. 
As in former years Research A.ssociate Charles H. Seevers devoted 
spare time to study of the rove-beetles or Staphylinidae and con- 
tributed much time to the arrangement of the collections. Eugene 
Ray, of Wells High School, Chicago, temporary assistant at the 
Mu.seum during the .summer, gave his attention to the family Mordel- 
lidae, on which he has published a number of papers. Dr. Sidney 
Camras, a Chicago physician, spent considerable time in studying 
the Mu.seum's collection of the big-headed flies, Conopidae. Harry 
Xel.son, of Herzl Junior College, Chicago, studied the beetle family 
Dryopidae and increased and improved the Mu.seum's collection of 
this interesting group. In the Division of Lower Invertebrates the 
identification of the new material received during the year and the 
recla.s.sification of the Webb Collection (purcha.sed in 1943) produced 
various minor papers by Dr. Fritz Haas. Curator. Miss 
Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist, by the preparation of scientific 
drawings to illustrate technical publications gave important aid to 
the research programs in .several Divisions. 

During the year there were expeditions in the field in Borneo, 
Colombia, Bermuda, and, at the end of the year. West Africa, 
together with field work by the staff in various parts of the United 


The Division of Fishes is now housed in new quarters on the ground floor. Left: 
storage range, showing mezzanine and dumb-waiter. Right: library, with map case. 

States. Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals, con- 
tinued his mammalogical survey of Colombia, working mainly from 
a base established at Medellin. Though hampered by disturbed 
political conditions and by adverse weather, he accumulated more 
than one thousand specimens of mammals representing about ninety 
species. Late in the year headquarters were transferred to Bogota. 

The expedition to Borneo, conducted by Curator Davis, who was 
accompanied by Assistant Curator Inger, left the Museum in March 
and returned in October. Headquarters were established at Sanda- 
kan, British North Borneo, which gave direct access to extensive 
areas of tropical rain-forest. The primary aim of the expedition was 
to gather information on the habits, behavior, and general ecological 
relations of the vertebrate life of the rain-forest. Extensive notes, 
supplemented by motion pictures and still photographs, stomachs 
of specimens preserved for food analysis, and various anatomical 
preparations will form the basis for detailed studies in the Museum 


laboratories. Records were made of rainfall, temperature, and 
humidity in the rain-forest; and the ecolo^Mcal structure of the 
forest in which the animals live and to which they are adapted was 
studied and recorded. A stvondary aim of the e.xpedition was to 
collect a rej)resentation of the fauna of Borneo to be used for com- 
parison in studying the collections made by the Philippine Islands 
Zoological K.xpedition of 1!M») 17. The expedition to Borneo col- 
iecteti more than three hundred mammals, nearly five hundred birds, 
several hundred re{)tiles and amphibians, and several thousand fishes 
and invertebrates (including' insects i. On the way to and from 
Xortli Borneo stops were made at Singapore, Kuchinp, Paris, and 
London to study material in museums and other institutions. 

Taxidermist Leon L. Walters and Assistant Taxidermist Ronald J. 
Lambert made a field trip to the Gulf states for material for exhibits 
of turtles. Specimens of turtles, especially a fine livinjj alligator 
snapper, accessory material and notes, and colored photographs of 
habitats were obtained. They worked especially at New Orleans 
and at Beachton, Georgia, where they enjoyed the generous hospi- 
tality of Herbert L. Stoddard, former member of the Museum staff. 

Curator Pope collected salamanders and other amphibians and 
reptiles in Arkansas and Oklahoma for the Division of Reptiles. 
Chief Curator Schmidt consulted with herpetologists in Te.xas in 
April on the occasion of his lecture at Rockport and seized various 
occasions to collect amphibians and reptiles while he was in Ger- 
many. Assistant Curator Inger, aided by Miss Laura Brodie and 
by other staff members, continued the marking and observation of 

The floor of tlic rain-forest in North Borneo teems with bloodtliirsty bnd leeches. 
The slender leech is searching for a meal: the bloated one is filled with blood. 


blue racers in the Indiana dunes area. For the Division of Lower 
Invertebrates Curator Haas, accompanied by Joseph B. KrstoHch, 
Artist, again visited Bermuda to work from the Bermuda Biological 
Station for Research in the interests of the exhibition program. 
Curator Haas combined collecting and study of the fresh-water and 
brackish-water mollusks of the islands. It is essential to make such 
studies now because, since the marshes of Bermuda are being drained 
and converted into arable land, the whole animal community in 
question is likely to become extinct very soon. Noel Burlang, of 
Hamilton, Bermuda, who is well informed on the physical geography 
of the islands, gave effective aid in these studies. 

Especial mention may be made of an activity that operates as 
an effective aid to research, exhibition, and public service. The 
file of animal photographs in the Department of Zoology, the 
reorganization of which has been continued by Miss Brodie, consists 
of approximately five thousand mounted photogi'aphs and repro- 
ductions housed in eight steel files and indexed so that any illustra- 
tion can be located at a moment's notice. In addition there are 
twenty-five albums of photographs taken by various Museum 
expeditions (sixteen albums of animal photographs have not yet 
been transferred to the new system). In 1950 approximately 
seven hundred photographs and five hundred animal pictures clipped 
from magazines were mounted, including nearly two hundred new 
photographs that were added during the year. The file consists 
chiefly of animal portraits, but a special effort is being made to 
preserve photographs representing documentary records of animal 
behavior. The usefulness of the file is shown by the fact that it 
was consulted by more than one hundred persons during 1950. 

Accessions— Zoology 

The major accession of specimens for the year was the acquisition 
by the will of the late Boardman Conover, Research Associate in 
the Division of Birds since 1924, of his entire collection of more 
than 18,000 game birds. Game birds are mainly of medium or large 
size and are correspondingly difficult to prepare in the field. For 
this reason the Conover Collection forms a complement of major 
importance to the Museum's research collections of birds. Other 
gifts of special importance are: 481 birds, 301 mammals (in addition 
to unaccessioned material), 56 amphibians, and 321 reptiles of 
Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan from the Museum's Field 
Associate, Harry Hoogstraal; 39 birds and 26 mammals from the 


Chicago Zoological Society: 1 l)ini ami 11 mammals from the Lincoln 
Park Zoo; '2^u hinls from Dr. William ('. OhU'ndorf; S'.l Ijirds from 
Richard K. Tashian: a spocinu^n of the rare ("on^o peacock from the 
Xew York Zoolo^ii'al Socieiy; \'-V2 specimens of bats of Kenya and 
I'ganda from Walther iUichen; and 100 bats of Angola from the 
Companhia de Diamantes. Important ^nfls of amphibians and 
re|)tiles included ;')! amphibians and fil reptiles of Patajionia from 
Princeton University ; 21() fro^s of the Philippine Islands from Dr. 
William 11. Stickel; 20 snakes from Dr. Mduardo \'az, of the In- 
slituto liutantan. Sao Paulo, Bra/.il: 112 .salamanders of Arizona 
from Dr. Charles A. Reed; 211 amphibians of South Carolina from Brodie and Bradi)ury, of the staff; and 21 amphibians 
and 72 reptiles from Harvey M. 

The principal jiifts of fishes were i)5 specimens of fishes of the 
family Clinidae, of which 55 are paratypes, from Dr. Clark Hubbs, 
and !>2 specimens from the John (i. Shedd Acjuarium. Notable 
gifts of insects, in which mounted and determined material was 
especially important, further enriched the collections of insects. 
Field Associate Hoogstraal gave 6,802 specimens from various parts 
of the world, including nearly 5,000 mo.squitoes from the United 
States, Xew Guinea, and the Philippines; A.ssistant Curator Dybas 
gave 3,456 specimens collected in the Xew World tropics and in the 
Pacific i.slands; Dr. C. Andresen Hubbard gave 206 specimens of 
86 species of fleas, of which 20 are paratypes; and Major Robert 
Traub gave 69 fleas, inclufling 40 types, from Mexico and Melanesia. 
Mollusk specimens continue to flow to the Division of Lower In- 
vertebrates. The more notable gifts include 191 marine shells from 
Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel, who has contributed .systematically to 
the collection in former years; a collection of 217 Amazonian mol- 
lusks from Dr. Harald Sioli; and a collection of 550 lots of marine 
shells, mostly from the Pacific coast of the United States, from Mrs. 
Charlotte Doty, of Chicago. 

Exhibits— Zoology 

Exhibition programs for most Divisions in the Department of Zoology 
are now directed toward explanatory or illustrative cases intended 
to show what is interesting or remarkable or biologically important 
about the animal forms placed on exhibition in previous years. In 
the Division of Mammals the existing labels for exhibits were sur- 
veyed by Curator Sanborn and many were revi.sed or corrected. 
The acquisition of a new-born hippopotamus early in the year 


Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, and Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, collect 
blind and white fishes, crustaceans, flatworms, insects, and spiders in Wild Cat 
Cave, Crawford County, Indiana. Photograph by George F. Jackson, of Evansville. 

enabled Taxidermist Walters to make the necessary molds for the 
future preparation of a baby hippo. A special case at the end of 
the Hall of Whales (Hall N-1) presents salient facts about the 
anatomy of whales. A mounted skeleton of a porpoise shows the 
vestiges of the hind limbs, the transformation of the forelimbs into 
paddles, and the multiplication of teeth and their reduction to a 
uniform series. Models point out that the most essential charac- 
teristic of water-inhabiting animals is streamlining. The row of 
seven hairs on each side of the snout in a porpoise embryo marks 
it as a mammal (not a fish) quite as sharply as does the suckling of 
the young by the mother porpoise. Other models show how whales 
breathe and their division into two contrasting types, those that 
have teeth and feed on large prey and those with a baleen or whale- 
bone strainer by means of which they sieve relatively small animal 
food from the sea. Models and illustration, planned by Curator 
Davis, are by Artist Krstolich. 

The systematic presentation of birds of the world in Boardman 
Conover Hall (Hall 21) is being supplemented by cases dealing with 
more general topics. A case with the heading "Young Birds: Their 


Development" shows the pret-ocial type of develoijment of the bob- 
white, in which the hatchiin^ binl is able to follow its mother from 
the nest: the altric-ial type, in which the baby bird is halche<i naked 
and helpless, illustrated by the Kn^Hsh sparrow; and an intermediate 
type represented by the common tern. This case, be^un before his 
resignation by Assistant Taxidermist Kenneth Woehick, was com- 
pleted by Assistant Taxidermist Carl \V. Cotton with the aid of 
l^eon R. Aboulafia, visiting fellow. The system for periodic poi.soning 
of both exhibition and mammal and bird storage cases was reor- 
ganized during the year and [)laced under the direction of Curator 
Sanborn. Taxidermist Wonder gave assistance to the Division of 
Maintenance in this operation. 

In the east part of Albert \V. Harris Hall 'Hall IS, Reptile and 
Amphibian Section) the models illustrating the salamanders, frogs, 
lizards, and snakes of the Chicago region were completely reinstalled 
in three cases that form an alcove. This alcove, long planned by 
Curator F^ope, is especially designed for the use of school children 
and for groups under the guidance of the Raymond Foundation, 
but it meets also a broad popular interest. The models are supple- 
mented by maps showing distribution of the species and by colored 
photographs of typical environments. The models are largely the 
work of Taxidermist Walters, aified by Assistant Taxidermist 
Lambert, and the reinstallation was also by them, with carefully 
designed labeling by means of pasted-on letters. The wall case 
showing enlarged models of tadpoles, prepared by Artist Krstolich, 
was reinstalled with the new style of labeling. Two other screens, 
"Where Snakes Live" and "Salamanders," were reinstalled. 

The new wall case in the west part of Hall 18 (Insect Section) 
with the title "Some Mosquitoes Carry Malaria" is the first of a 
long-planned series to present topics from in.sect life that have 
broad popular and .scientific interest. The life cycles of the malaria- 
cau.sing organism Plasmodium and of the malaria-tran.smitting mo.s- 
quito Anopheles are shown in enlarged models and diagrams. The 
eggs, larva, pupa, and adult of an Anopheles mosquito are the 
meticulous work in plastic of James B. Trott, former Artist- Prepar- 
ator. They are supplemented by diagrammatic models of blood 
vessels and of the mosquito body to show the malaria cycle from 
man to mosquito to man. These insect models are among the most 
accurate and effective ever made. A painting showing a typical 
anopheles habitat and a map of the world distribution of malaria 
are the work of Miss Bradbury, Artist, who also took over the work 
of installation with pasted-on lettering of the labels. 



The ever-widening range of Chicago Natural History Museum's 
scientific endeavors in departmental and field research automatically 
expands the resources of the Museum Library. Needed tools for 
research are secured either by purchase, after careful analysis of 
ultimate requirement, or by exchange of publications with other 
scientific organizations. We are fortunate, also, in receiving as 
gifts many rare and valuable publications. This highly selective 
process is building the Library into one of the finest research centers 
in the world, not from the standpoint of size but as a storehouse 
of essential material concentrated in the fields of natural history. 

Because serial publications (proceedings, memoirs, reports, 
journals, etc., of scientific societies and research organizations) 
contain data of first interest to scientists here, they continue to form 
the major part of the Library's holdings. Physical evidence of the 
growing importance of this material is the fact that the Library 
has found it necessary to add a fifth Kardex file to take care of 
recording additional incoming serials. Another indication of the 
emphasis placed on serial publications in research is the increase 
in interlibrary loan service, both borrowed and lent, the greater 
part of which is concerned with this type of material. 

The Library's holdings were notably increased by the additional 
transfer on permanent loan from John Crerar Library of many 
volumes of two scientific journals, namely the Wiener Entomologische 
Zeitung and the Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift. The Museum 
takes this opportunity to express its profound appreciation of the 
outstanding co-operation and courtesy extended to it by John Crerar 
Library, not only in this transfer but in daily relations in exchanging 
reference aid. The foresight of the Crerar Library in placing this 
important material in a focal location has served the twofold purpose 
of making it easily accessible to the curatorial staff for taxonomic 
research as well as to scholars and students in general. 

Substantial progress in recataloging the Library's collection 
according to the Library of Congress classification has been made 
to date, as the following figures indicate: total number of volumes 
classified (to the end of November, 1950) — 23,457; total number of 
cards in new catalogue — 44,761. The process of reclassification has 
presented the means of weeding out of the collection material not 
related to the concentrated interests of this Museum, material of 
ephemeral interest only, and unnecessary duplicates. Gradually all 
the material of no interest or value that had been added through 


The cataloguing department of the Museum Library has been moved to new quarters. 

the years as permanent acquisitions will be removed, thus freeing 
much-needed shelf space. At the same time, overcrowded depart- 
mental libraries are being relieved by the a.ssimilation of material 
of more general nature in the general library. 

Another important function of reclassification is that it permits 
the same judgment now used in selecting current acquisitions for 
binding to be applied to older materials. Evidence uncovered by 
recla.ssification, showing that much material of only temporary 
value to the Museum was bound in the j)ast, serves to point up the 
need for constant care in bindery selection. As in all other libraries 
contributing to the listing of their holdings in the Tnion List of 
Serials, work on the revision of the new Supplement continues with 
the careful checking of the .sections sent periodically by its publishers. 

The overcrowded condition in one .section of the Library partially 
occupied by book stacks (with its remaining area given over to the 
cataloguing department, the Karde.x division, and operational space 
for preparation of all bindery material as well a.s for mechanical 
operations involved in labeling, marking, and minor repair jobs on 
books) wa.s relieved by removal of the cataloguing department into 
an unoccupied area in the adjacent room that the new book 


stacks. By shifting the tier of map cases closer to the stacks, this 
extremely necessary transfer provided the proper working accom- 
modations for the cataloguers, the nature of their work requiring 
an atmosphere of quiet, free from constant interruption. The 
section vacated by the catalogue department is an ideal location 
for the newly installed shelf list. With the Kardex arranged directly 
opposite the shelf list, the checking of incoming serials is expedited 
through simultaneous consultation of both records. Another im- 
portant feature is the proximity of the shelf list to both the reading 
and cataloguing rooms, thereby providing quick access to the 
information it contains. 

The total number of accessions for the year, both books and 
serials, to the end of November, 1950, aggregated 2,149 items. The 
following books and serials have been selected from among the 
acquisitions because of their significance to research: 


Baerends, G. P., and J. M. Baerends-Van Roon, An introduction to the study 

of the ethology of cichlid fishes (1950) 
Baker, Frank Collins, The molluscan family Planorbidae (1945) 
Baldacci, Elio, Die Systematik der Adinomyceten (1947) 
Bernard!, A. C, Monographic des genres Galatea ct Fischeria (1860) 
Bews, John William, An introduction to the flora of Natal and Zulidand (1921) 

Bosworth, Thomas Owen, Geology of the Tertiary and Quarternary periods in 

the northwest part of Peru (1922) 
Bourguignat, Jules Rene, Methodus conchyliologicus denominationis sine quo 

chaos (1860) 
Brauer, August, ed., Die Silsswasserfauna Deutschlands, 19 pts. in 17 v. 


Brehm, Alfred Edmund, Illustriertes Thierleben. Eine allgemeine Kunde des 
Thierreichs, 6 v. (1864-69) 

Cazin, F. J., Traite pratique et raisonne des plantes medicinales indigenes, 

2nd ed. (1858) 
Cobb, Arthur F., Birds of the Falkland Islands (1933) 

Connolly, Cornelius Joseph, External morphology of the primate brain (1950) 
Cooke, Theodore, Flora of the Presidency of Bombay, 2 v. (1901-8) 
De Beer, Gavin Rylands, Development of the vertebrate skull (1937) 
Deyl, M., Study of the genus Sesleria (1946) 

Ellenberger, Wilhelm, An atlas of animal anatomy for artists (1949) 
Etheridge, Robert, Fossils of the British Islands stratigraphically and zoo- 
logically arranged, v. 1. Palaeozoic comprising the Cambrian, Silurian, 
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian species, with supplementary ap- 
pendix brought down to the end of 1886 (1888) 

Fritsch, Anton, Palaeozoische Arachiniden (1904) 

Furon, Raymond, La paleogeographie, essai sur revolution des continents et 
des oceans (1941) 

Giebel, Christoph Gottfried Andreas, Die Fische der Vorwelt, mil steter Beriick- 
sichtigung der lebenden Fische (1848) 

Gould, Augustus Addison, Otia conchologica: descriptions of shells and mollusks, 
from 1839 to 1862 (1862) 


BOOKS {continued) 

Henrard, Jan Theodoor, Monograph of the genus Digitaria (1950) 

Hertwig, Richard, Abstammungslehre; Systematik; Paldontologie; Biogeographie 

Herzfeld, Ernst Emil, Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, v. 1-10 (1929-39) 
Hulten, Eric, Atlas over vcixternas uthredning i Norden; fanerogamer och orm- 
bunksvdxter (1950) 

International Commission for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean 
Sea, Faune et flore de la Mediterranee, 2 v. (1928-34) 

, Rapports et proces-verbaux des reunions, 7 v. (1926-38) 

Kuroda, Nagamichi, Birds of the island of Java, 2 v. (1933-36) 

Lindley, John, The fossil flora of Great Britain; or, figures and descriptions of 
the vegetable remains found in a fossil state in this country, 3 v. (1831-37) 

Loudon, John Claudius, Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, the trees 
and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign . . . 2nd ed., 8 v. (1844) 

Lowe, Edward Joseph, A natural history of new and rare ferns (1862) 

Malbrant, Rene, Faune de I'Equateur Africain Frangais, tome 1. Oiseaux 
{Encyclopedic biologique, tome 35) (1949) 

Oppenheimer, Hans C, Neuere Daten zur Genetik der Pflanze (1932) 

Seguy, Eugene, Le Microscope, emploi et applications, 2 v. (1942, 1949) 

Shuttleworth, R., Notitiae malacologicae, oder Beitrdge zur Ndheren Kenntniss 
der Mollusken, Heft 2: I. Monographische Versuche . . . (1877) 

Silveus, William Arents, Texas grasses; classification and description of grasses 

Sprengel, Kurt P. J., Kurt Sprengel's Anleitung zur Kenntniss der Gewaeckse, 

2nd ed. rev., 3 v. (1817-18) 
Tierreich, Das, Dr. H. G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-reichs 

wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Bd. 3, Abt. 2, Mollusca, 

Buck 2, Lief. 136-151 (1912-27); Bd. 6, Abt. 1: Pisces, Buch 1 (1924) 

Wehmer, Carl, Die Pflanzenstoffe botanischsystematisch bearbeitet. Phanerogam, 

2 V. (1929-31) 
Westerlund, Carl Agardh, Fauna der in der paldarctischen region {Europa> 

Kaukasien . . .) lebenden Binnenconchylieyi, 7 pts. (1886-90) 

Winckler, E., Geschichte der Botanik (1854) 


Acta Zoologica, v. 1-7 (1920-36) 

African affairs, journal of the Royal African Society, v. 1-6 (1901-7), v. 39 — 

Anatomischer Anzeiger; Centralblatt fUr die gesamte wissenschaftliche anatomic, 

Bd. 89, Hft. 19/21, 23/24 (1940), Bd. 90-95 (1940-48), Bd. 96, 97, 

Hft. 1/9 (1949) 
Arbeiten uber physiologische und angewandte Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem, 

V. 1-11 (1934-44) 
Archaeology; a magazine dealing with the antiquity of the world, v. 1 — (1948 — ) 
AustralcLsian herbarium news, no. 1 — (1947 — ) 
Berlin. Deutsches Entomologisches Museum. Supplemenia entomologica. 

Herausgegeben und redigiert von Walther Horn, no. 1-17 (1912-29) 

Cuadernos Americatios, v. 1 — (1942 — ) 

Entomological Society of British Columbia. Proceedings, no. 2, 1901 — ; no. 6, 
1915; no. 8, 1916—; v. 46, 1950 

. Quarterly Bulletin, nos. 1-10 (1906-8) 

Entomological Society of Southern Africa. Journal, v. 1-10 (1939-48) 
Entomologische Beihefte aus Berlin-Dahlen, nos. 1-10 (1934-43) 


SERIALS (continued) 

Gegetibaurs morphoIo(jii:chcs Jahrbuch, eine ZeiUchriJl fiir Anatomie iind 
Entu'ickhnigsgei^chichte, v. 27-32, 39-52, 55, 59, 67-69, 73-75, 81, 83 
(1899-1923, 1926, 1928, 1931 32, 1933-35, 1938, 1939) 

Geologists' Association, London. Proceedings, v. 13-32 (1895-1921) 

Insecta; revue illustree d'entomologie, v. 1-13 (1911-24) 

Linnean Society of London. Transactions, v. 20, pts. 2-3 (1847, 1851); v. 21; 
V. 23-24; v. 26, pts. 1-3 (1869) 

Madrid. Institute Espaiiol de Entomologia. Eos, v. 1 — (1925 — ) 

Miinchener Entomologischer Verein. Mitteilungen, v. 1-5 (1877-81) 

Palaeontographica, Abt. A: Palaozoologie-Stratigraphie, v. 81-99 (1934-50) 
and continuation 

, Abt. B: Palciophytologie, v. 79-88 (1934-48) and continuation 

, supplement (1934-41) and continuation 

Palaeontologia Polonica, tome 1, 2 (1929 32), tome 3 (1948) 

Palcoyitologischc Zeitschrift, v. 1-21 (1914-39) 

Royal Dublin Society. The scientific transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 

ser. II, V. 1-9 (1877-1909) 
Societe Zoologique de France. Mcmoires de la Societc Zoologique de France, 

V. 1-16 (1888-1903) 


Deutsche Entomohgische Zeitschrift, v. 3-24 (1859-80), v. 26-30 (1882-86), 
V. 31-75 (1887-1933) 

Wiener Entomohgische Zeitung, v. 1-50 (1882-1933) 


The Museum again acknowledges its debt to the newspapers of 
Chicago and to the national press, press wire-services, and periodical 
publications for splendid co-operation in giving generous space to 
news of its activities. Several times a week, both locally and over 
the country, reminders were printed that kept the public aware of 
the existence of the Museum, the scope of its exhibits and research, 
and the current events on its expeditions, in its laboratories, and in 
its lectures and other educational programs. 

During the year the Public Relations Counsel released 254 news 
stories directly to the press. This publicity was augmented in 
various ways: by issuing advance proofs of principal stories to be 
published in the Museum Bulletin, by follow-up assignments made 
to reporters and photographers by newspaper editors upon receipt 
of Museum releases, and by co-operation of the Museum and the 
publicity divisions of other organizations in enterprises that would 
bring mutually valuable notice in the press. The large metropolitan 
dailies were not the only targets of Museum publicity. Additional 
notice was received through releases to a special list of several 


hun(lre<l community and foreipn-lanpriiape newsi)ai)ers of various 
neighborhoods witliin Chicago as well as to the dailies and weeklies 
of the suburbs and the regional area. Wire and mail national news 
agencies expanded this coverage to a coast-to-coast basis, and 
releases of unusual imi)ortance and interest often received inter- 
national circulation. S{)ecial acknowledgment is made to the 
publishers, executives, and editorial staffs of the following: Chicago 
Dailji Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Pailn Sews, Chicago 
Herald- American, City News Bureau of Chicago, Associated Press, 
International News Service, I'nited Press Association, Acme News 
Pictures, International News Photos, and Science Service. In 
several instances the daily newspapers of Chicago and of other 
cities, notably St. Louis, have given Museum pictures and stories 
full-page spreads in Sunday features. 

Radio and television continued to be .sources of additional 
publicity. Through them the Museum was repre.sented in news 
broadcasts and in feature programs and educational forums. Local 
stations contributing time to the Mu.seum were WMAQ, WGN, 
Network programs on which the Museum was represented included 

A new cxliihit in Conovcr Hill ( H.1II 21 1 sets forth contr.ists in i)pcs of 
development among birds. lUustr.ited hv the hohwlntr. English sp.irrow, and tern. 


AI MATCMluC 'MtY »ipv mC" »*«fD '0 D0«» CO»IIIID. »»OM COHHI'lir OI>lliOIIIT 
TO COMHITIlT mot»fNOIHT ID * Hw wflnl 0» -0»'M5 TM«» MCOr*( »ull C»0«r» 


both radio and television by the Columbia Broadcasting System, 
the National Broadcasting Company, and the Mutual Broadcasting 
System, and radio via American Broadcasting Company. 

Publicity contacts were maintained between the Museum and 
its own Members through the news, features, and picture-coverage 
of the institution's monthly Bulletin. The Bulletin serves also as 
an exchange medium in the Museum's relations with other scientific 
and civic institutions and as an additional source of material for 
the newspapers. Other publicity routines were continued. Thou- 
sands of folders, as usual, were distributed through co-operating 
agencies such as hotels, travel bureaus, department stores, civic 
bureaus, and libraries, and through seven Chicago museums in other 
fields of science and art. Through the co-operation of the Illinois 
Central System, Chicago and North Western Railway, the Chicago, 
Aurora and Elgin Railroad, and the Chicago Transit Authority, 
posters were displayed in railway stations and on suburban trains 
to advertise the Museum's lecture courses for adults and the Ray- 
mond Foundation programs for children. 


The Division of Photography made during the year a total of 16,100 
negatives, prints, enlargements, lantern slides, and transparencies 
for the Museum, other institutions, the press, and general sales. 
More than 107,000 negatives are now in the files. 

Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator, prepared for the depart- 
ments and divisions of the Museum drawings, lettering, and other 
art work that amounted to a total of approximately 165 separate 
pieces of finished work by the end of the year. Silk-screen printing 
apparatus was added to the equipment of his office for rapid duplica- 
tion of designs in color, thereby increasing the scope of his work. 


After being in production for nearly two years the Museum's motion- 
picture film "Through These Doors" (changed from the temporary 
title "Treasure House") was completed and plans were worked out 
for its distribution. The first showing of this film was before the 
annual conference of the Museums Association (Great Britain) in 
Aberdeen, Scotland. The following week it was shown to the 
scientific staff of the British Museum (Natural History) and at a 
later date to the members of the Natural History Section of the 

International Council of Museums, whose biennial conference was 
held in London. Complimentary reports were received from the 
three showings. The subject matter, especially the techniques 
illustrated, proved of ^reat interest to these audiences. Durinp the 
coming year it is anticipated that many organizations will avail 
themselves of the opportunity to .see this film for a better under- 
standing of the Mu.seum's work in scientific, educational, and public 
services. In addition, one motion-picture was i)roduced from 
material in the Museum's film library. Such films are u.sed in the 
schools and by other interested organizations. 

At the recjuest of the Department of Anthropology the Division 
of Motion Pictures participated in the Mu.seum's archaeological 
expedition to the Southw^est. A total of 2.2()() feet of color film was 
e.xpo.sed during a period of five weeks in the field, and this material 
is now being edited into a new film that will tell the .story of the 
Mu.seum's work in liiat area over a period of years. The new film 
will replace one made three years ago, although .some scenes from 
the old film will be incorporated into the new one. Color tran.s- 
parencies and motion-picture records of various natural-history .sub- 
jects were made for the .scientific departments of the Mu.seum to both in problems and as visual aids. This work has 
become an important function of the Division of Motion Pictures. 


The publications of the Museum were generou.sly distributed during 
1950 to institutions and scientists. Ninety-five new names were 
added to the mailing lists, and a total of 17,704 copies of publica- 
tions was distributed to domestic anrl foreign exchanges. Sales 
totaled 3,909 copies in the Scientific Series, 10,266 in the Popular 
Series, and 26,827 copies of mi.scellaneous publications, such as 
guides, handbooks, memoirs, and technique papers (.see page 90). 
For future .sales and other distribution an additional 11,196 copies 
of publications were wrapped, labeled, and stored. 

The Mu.seum Press i.ssued during the year fifteen titles in the 
Scientific Series of publications, one in the Popular Series, two in 
the Memoirs Series, one Annual Report, and one reprint. The total 
number of copies printed was 32,569, of which 31,669 copies were 
printed by, with a total of 1,748 pages of type composi- 
tion, and 900 copies were printed by the Vari-type offset process, 
with a total of 113 pages by Vari-type composition. Twelve numbers 
of Chicago Natural History Mu.seum BuUrtiv were printed, averaging 


6,000 copies an issue. Other work by letterpress included posters, 
price lists, lecture schedules, Museum labels, post cards, Museum 
stationery, and specimen tags, totaling 1,012,540 impressions. Two 
series of Museum Stories for Children (Raymond Foundation) and 
miscellaneous work were printed by the Vari-type-offset process, 
with a total of 197,802 impressions. 

A list of titles in the publications series issued in 1950 by Chicago 
Natural History Museum Press follows: 


Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 37, 117 pages, 37 text 
figures (reprint) 

Martin, Paul S., and John B. Rixaldo 

Turkey Foot Ridge, A MogoUon Village, Pine Lawn Valley, Western New 
Mexico, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 38, no. 2, 164 pages, 65 text figures 

Sites of the Reserve Phase, Pine Lawn Valley, Western New Mexico, Fieldiana: 
Anthropology, vol. 38, no. 3, 178 pages, 78 text figures 

Rinaldo, John B. 

An Analysis of Culture Change in the Ackmen-Lowry Area, Fieldiana: Anthro- 
pology, vol. 36, no. 5, 14 pages, 2 text figures 



Contributions to the Flora of South America: Studies on Andean Compositae — /, 
Studies in South American Plants — //, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 27, no. 1, 113 
pages, 12 text figures 

Macbride, J. Francis 

Natural Landscapes of the United States, Popular Series, Botany, no. 27, 47 

pages, 31 text figures, 6 maps 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, vol. 12, part 3, no. 3, 221 pages 


Olson, Everett Claire 

The Temporal Region of the Permian Reptile Diadectes, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 9, 15 pages, 6 text figures 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

A Middle Devonian Octactinellid Sponge from New York, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 10, 10 pages, 5 text figures 

Roy, Sharat Kumar, and Robert Kriss Wyant 

The Smithonia Meteorite, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 7, no. 9, 6 pages, 4 text 


The La Porte Meteorite, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 7, no. 10, 10 pages, 9 text 




Blake, Emmet R. 

Report on a Collection of Birds from Guerrero, Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 39, 19 pages 

Report on a CoUection of Birds from Ooxaca, Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 40, 25 pages 

Birds of the Acary Mountains, Southern British Guiana, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 32, no. 7, 59 pages 


A Study of the Spotted Tinamous, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 37, 24 pages 
A Study of the Elegant Tinamous, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 38, 12 pages 

Liu, Ch'eng-chao 

Amphibians of Western China, Fieldiana: Zoology Memoirs, vol. 2, 423 pages, 
11 plates, 100 text figures 

Traub, Robert 

Siphonaptera, from Central America and Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology Memoirs, 
vol. 1, 238 pages, 54 text figures 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, and A. J. Nicholson 

Bats from New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, and New Hebrides, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 36, 26 pages, 4 text figures, 1 map 


Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 19^9, 140 pages, 26 


Through interhbrary loans the resources of the Library of the 
Museum were available to other institutions and, as in past years, 
the laboratories and research collections of the Museum were open 
to visiting scientists. The Museum continued its co-operative 
educational plans with the University of Chicago, Northwestern 
University, Antioch College, and the Art Institute of Chicago. 

Art students constantly use the Museum exhibits as source 
materials for sketching, modeling, and design. These students, who 
come in supervised classes from the various art schools in Chicago, 
range in age from children of six years to adults. Their quiet earnest- 
ness as they work in the Museum halls attracts the attention of 
many visitors. Represented are the Art Institute of Chicago, 
Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, Academy of Applied Art, and the 
Institute of Design. Greatest in number are the students from the 
School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Many of these classes come 
regularly, and their interpretations of the natural history of the 


world are unique and interesting. Selected examples of their work 
form a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall of the Museum for one 
month each summer. 

Another type of adult student who comes to the Museum in 
supervised classes is the teacher-in-training. As future teachers 
these students, in education classes from several universities and 
colleges in the Chicago area (Roosevelt College, Pestalozzi-Froebel 
Teachers College, National College of Education, and De Paul 
University), are interested in learning how to use the resources of a 
museum. This instruction for teachers is one of the most hopeful 
signs of better educational use by the schools of Museum exhibits. 
Frequent use of Museum exhibits is made by individual students 
from Roosevelt College, for whom the Museum certifies attendance 
at the Museum. Unusual student-visitors in the Museum are 
officers from the Quartermasters Corps of the United States Army, 
who, although they come especially to see and study spices and 
food plants, usually become interested in the entire Museum. The 
co-operative educational plan adopted in 1946 by this Museum and 
Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, provides for the temporary 
employment by the Museum of successive groups of undergraduate 
students who alternate periods of study on the college campus with 
periods of work with pay. Under this plan fourteen young men and 
women were employed in 1950 by the Museum in its scientific depart- 
ments and administrative offices. 

A five-3^ear contract for scientific co-operation between the 
Universidad Autonoma de El Salvador and Chicago Natural History 
Museum was signed on January 26, 1950. Under the agreement 
the Museum will send each year to the Instituto Tropical de Investi- 
gaciones Cientificas of the Universidad Autonoma a botanist, a 
geologist, and a zoologist for scientific research and exploration. All 
collections resulting from the contract are available to the Museum, 
which will, in turn, build representative collections for retention by 
the Tropical Institute. The results of these studies will be published 
by the Museum, by the Tropical Institute, or by both. The plan 
was inaugurated in September with the departure for El Salvador 
of Dr. Norman C. Fassett, professor of botany on leave from the 
University of Wisconsin, who will collect and study aquatic plants. 

The Museum continued to co-operate with Dr. Willard F. 
Libby, of the Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, 
in his research on carbon-14 dating (see pages 35 and 38). In return 
for assistance by the Navy Department to the 1949 50 anthropo- 
logical expedition to Micronesia, Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of 


SupcrMscd classes from the art schools of Chicago sketch in the Museum's halls. 

Oceanic Ethnology-, devoted a share of his time in the field as 
anthropological consultant on administrative problems to the local 
Navy Civil Administration Unit in the northern Marianas district. 
He was concerned mainly with land use, owmership, inheritance, 
and the establishment of a more effective machinery of local self- 
government among the Chamorros, and recommendations were 
made for the preservation and care of archaeological sites on Saipan, 
Tinian, and Rota in connection with the conservation program of 
the Trust Territory. A research program of studies on the distribu- 
tion of the mammals of Arkansas involving co-operation with the 
Department of Zoology of the University of Arkansas has been 
developed by Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, during 
repeated visits to the state of Arkansas. In the fall of 1950 he 
spent three weeks in the central and southern parts of the state 
in the interests of this program. 

Members of the staff continued to lecture before classes and 
seminars at various universities and to conduct classes at the Mu- 
seum. Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology- and Archaeology, and 
George I. Quimby, Curator of E.xhibits, gave a course at the Museum 


in New World archaeology for the University of Chicago. During 
the spring quarter Chief Curator Martin, aided by Dr. John B. 
Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, held a seminar in South- 
western archaeology for University of Chicago students. Curator 
Collier supervised a research course at the Museum on Andean 
archaeology for graduate students and, with Curator Quimby, gave 
a course in world ethnology at the University of Chicago. Curator 
Quimby gave a course in ethnology of North and South America 
at Northwestern University. 

Classes in botany from the University of Chicago, Northwestern 
University, the State University of Iowa, and Valparaiso University 
visited the Department of Botany at various times during the year 
and were conducted through the laboratories and herbaria. Dr. 
Theodore Just, Chief Curator of Botany, held a seminar at North- 
western University in March on divergent mutation and at the 
University of Illinois in December on fossil cycads and on fossil 
floras of the southern hemisphere. He conducted a class in paleo- 
botany at Northwestern University in the summer session. Dr. 
Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, lectured at the 
University of Illinois on culture and foods of the Andes and held 
a seminar on the history of corn and, during the fall, conducted a 
graduate class in ethnobotany for the University of Chicago. 

The advanced course in vertebrate paleontology offered by the 
University of Chicago was, as in former years, held at the Museum. 
During the course Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
lectured on protorosaurians, nothosaurs, and turtles, and Dr. Robert 
H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, on primitive fishes. Curator 
Zangerl discussed the function of comparative anatomy in evalua- 
tion of structural characters at a symposium in physical anthropology 
at the University of Chicago, and Curator Denison gave two lectures 
on the origin and early history of the chordates before a class in 
biological sciences. Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, 
spoke before the graduate class in physical anthropology at the 
University of Chicago on variation in animals and the principles 
of taxonomy. By invitation he visited the University of California, 
Berkeley, in October to hold seminars and to participate in a sym- 
posium on continental drift. 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, as Lecturer in the 
Department of Zoology at the University of Chicago, took part in 
the exchange of faculty between the University of Chicago and the 
University of Frankfort, Frankfort-on-Main, Germany, where he 
was in residence from late April to the last day of July. In addition 


to a seminar for a(lvance<l students in zoology, usinji as textbook the 
I'rinripUs of Animal Kcnhxjn (Allee, Si-hmidt, and others i, he held 
conferences with students and stalT at Senckenberg Museum, which 
has relations with the Tniversity of Frankfort essentially parallel 
to those between Chicago Xatural History Museum and the I'ni- 
versity of Chicago. He was received with ^eat cordiality at the 
museum by Director Robert Mertens, who had been puest of this 
Museum on a similar faculty exchange. After his return from 
Germany Chief Curator Schmidt lectured informally on various 
occasions to classes and other jjroups at the I'niversity of Wisconsin 
and the University of Chicago. In December he served as con- 
sultant on museum problems at the University of Florida, lectured 
to the Society of Sijjma Xi. and took part in a conference on the 
Caribbean at mid-century. I >. Dwijzht Davis, Curator of Verte- 
brate Anatomy, was appointed Lecturer in Zoology at the University 
of Chicago, and in March delivered a lecture at a symposium on the 
evaluation of characters in classification and evolution. 

Scientists from other institutions continued to make use of the 
study collections in the scientific departments of the Mu.seum. 
Georges Henri Riviere, A.ssociate General Director of the Inter- 
national Council of Mu.seums, visited the Museum in January and 
conferred with the Director, Chief Curator Martin, and Dr. Sharat 
K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology. Dr. Guy Stresser-Pean, of Paris, 
spent two days looking over the Mexican collections in the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology in preparation for a year's ethnological work 
among the Huastec Indians. He also consulted with the Department 
of Botany concerning food plants of the Huastec. Mrs. Kamer 
Aga-Oglu, of the Mu.>^eum of Anthropology of the University of 
Michigan, spent six weeks in the Museum examining the Hester 
Collection of Chinese ceramics from the Philippines. She made 
important additions to the catalogue of this collection and selected 
type specimens for photogi'aphing. Dr. Sigurd P>ixon, of the 
Institute of Folk Life Investigation, Nordic Mu.seum, Stockholm, 
and Dr. Ake Campbell, of the Folk Culture Archive, University 
Library, University of Upp.sala, studied exhibits, consulted with 
Curators Collier and Quimby on the nature of anthroplogical studies 
in the United States, and received assistance in as.sembling data 
on American Indian, wooden utensils, and foods. 

Many visiting botanists u.sed the Mu.seum's botanical collections 
and laboratories. Dr. Edgar Ander.-^on, of Mi.N.souri Botanical 
Garden, studied in the herbaria: Dr. S. A. Cain, of Cranbrook 
Institute, studied ferns of Michigan; Hugh litis, of Missouri Botanical 


The Raymond Foundation held a one-day course on natural history of the Chicago 
region for forty-three supervisors and instructors of the Chicago Park District. 

Garden, identified his palm collection from Central America; Dr. 
Duane Isely, of Iowa State College, studied legumes; Professor 
D wight M. Moore, University of Arkansas, ferns of Arkansas; Dr. 
Robert W. Schery, Missouri Botanical Garden, legumes; and Dr. 
Eula Whitehouse, Southern Methodist University, cryptogams. 

The collections and facilities of the laboratories in vertebrate 
paleontology were used by several investigators, among whom were 
Professor Claude W. Hibbard and John Dorr, Jr., of the University 
of Michigan; Dr. Charles A. Reed, of the University of Illinois; Dr. 
Walter Segall, of Northwestern University; and Walter Wheeler, of 
Yale University. Miss Suzanne Leclerque, professor of paleontology 
at the University of Liege in Belgium, came to the Museum in the 
spring to examine the study collection of fossil plants. Dr. Roland 
Brown, paleobotanist at the United States Geological Survey, 
visited the Museum in the fall to study the collection of Paleoxyris 
from the Pennsylvanian deposits near Wilmington, Illinois, and the 
fossil plants collected in the Gulf regions. 


Many scientists from other institutions use<l the laboratories of 
the Department of Zooloj^y and studied its collections. Javier Ortiz 
<le la Puente, of the Museo de Hisloria Xatural "Javier Prado" in 
Lima, Peru, worked from March to September on the Peruvian col- 
lections of mammals and birds. FYank Porter, engineer of Cook 
Research Laboratories, studied sea lam{)reys and di.scussecl the 
problems presented by their invasion of the Great I>akes with Loren 
P. Woods, (\n-alor of Fishes. Brief visits for study were made by 
Dr. Ale.xander Wetmore, secretary of the Smithsonian Institution; 
William H. Phelps, of Caracas, Venezuela; Dr. James P. Chapin 
and Dr. C. H. H. Tate, of the American Museum of Xatural History; 
Reverend A. 1. (iood, of Wooster, Ohio; Dr. Robert Storer, of the 
University of Michigan; Harold Hanson, of the Illinois Xatural 
History Survey; Dr. Arthur C. Twomey, of the Carnegie Museum; 
Dr. P. 1'.. Vanzolini, of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. L. M. Klauber, of 
San Diego, California; and Richard Spieler, f)f Rochester, Xew 
York. Among those using the laboratory and collections of the 
Division of Anatomy were Dr. K. L. Du Brul, of the College of 
Dentistry, University of Illinois, Dr. Waldemar Meister, of the 
Chicago College of Osteopathy, and Dr. Robert L. Miller, of the 
University of Chicago. 

Leon R. Aboulafia, who holds a fellowship from the Biological 
Institute of the Teachers Seminary at Tel Aviv, I.srael, arrived at 
the Museum in June to study the techniques of museum e.xhibition 
and organization, with this Museum as his principal At the 
end of the year I). S. Rabor, of Silliman University, Dumaguete, 
Xegros Lsland, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation 
Fellow from the Philippine Islands, came to the Museum. He had 
been contributing collections of vertebrates from Xegros and other 
islands of the Philippines since his participation in the Mu.^^eum's 
e.\i)eflition to the Philippines in 1946 47 under Harry Hoogstraal, 
P'ield A.s.sociate. It is hoped that he may be able to prepare hand- 
books for use in the Phili[)pines, especially in university classes, by 
working with the Mu.seum stafT and by reviewing the Philippines 
material in the Museum's collections. 

Students working independently or under the direction of a 
university or college have made good use of the e.xhibit,s and study 
collections in African ethnology and physical anthropology. Several 
students specializing in studies of Angola (Portuguese West Africa) 
have found the Mu.seum exhibits particularly helpful. Assi.stant 
Curator Rinaldo supervised graduate students from the University 
of Chicago who were making a study of wood and fiber artifacts 


of the Mogollon culture. Graduate students in zoology of the 
University of Chicago who are engaged in studies at the Museum 
are Robert F. Inger (of the staff), under the direction of Chief 
Curator Schmidt; Robert Sokol and Ronald Ward, under the 
direction of Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate in Insects; and 
William J. Beecher and Robert Smolker, under the direction of 
Curator Davis. 

Other special activities of staff members included lectures before 
general groups and radio talks. Assistant Curator Rinaldo gave a 
movie-lecture on Southwestern archaeology before the Earth Science 
Club of northern Illinois; Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Associate 
Curator of the Herbarium, talked before the Barrington Women's 
Club, Chicago Aquarium Society, Conservation Council, and Men's 
Garden Club of Mundelein and Liberty ville; Harry E. Changnon, 
Curator of Exhibits in Geology, addressed the Chicago Lapidary 
Club; Chief Curator Schmidt lectured before the spring seminar 
of the Texas Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission in Rockport; 
Curator Davis talked on his recent expedition to Borneo at the 
annual dinner of the employees of the Chicago Zoological Society; 
and Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, discussed the Museum's 
exhibit of bird eggs and nests over radio station WJJD (Chicago). 
Curator Rand was invited to accompany a group from the Armour 
Livestock Bureau on an air-tour of the northwestern states to study 
urgent conservation problems. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator 
of Insects, and Curator Sanborn attended the Fifth Army Insect 
and Rodent Control Conference at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, and 
Assistant Curator Wenzel addressed the conference on insect control. 
Dr. R. M. Strong, Research Associate in Anatomy, president of the 
Illinois Audubon Society, was appointed by Governor Adlai E. 
Stevenson to the chairmanship of a committee for consultation on 
problems relating to the Illinois Beach State Park near Waukegan. 
Associate Curator Steyermark was named a member of the committee. 


Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, attended the 
annual meetings of the American Anthropological Association held 
in December in Berkeley, California, to commemorate the fiftieth 
anniversary of the founding of the Department of Anthropology at 
the University of California and presented a paper on "The South- 
western Co-Tradition." With Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant 


riirator of Arrhaeolojiy, and Miss Klaine Hluhm. Assistant in 
ArchacH)Iopy, he attended the Pecos Conferenre on Southwestern 
arc-haeolo)iy at the Museum of Xorlhern Arizona in Fla^'stalF in 
August. Donald Colher, Curator of South American Kthnolojfy 
and Archaeology, attended the annual meeting of the Division of 
Anthropology and Psychology of the Xational Research Council. 
He presented papers at the symposium on technicjues in archaeology 
and tiie seminar on physical anthropology held by the Viking Fund, 
Inc., in Xew ^'ork in March and June, respectively. He continued 
to .serve as a inomher of the Committee on Carbon-14 Dating of 
the American Anthropological Association and the (ieological ."society 
of America and as a representative of the American Anthropological 
A.s.sociation to the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the 
National Council. He is a member of the e.xecutive 
committee of tlie Xational Council and .second vice- 
president of the Society for American Archaeology. George I. 
Quimby. Curator of Kxhibits, attended in May the joint annual 
meetings of the Society for American Archaeology, of which he is 
.secretary, and the Central States Branch of the American Anthropo- 
logical A.s.sociation at the University of Oklahoma, Xorman. 

Dr. Theodore Just, Chief Curator of Botany, attended the 
meeting of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralo- 
gists in Chicago in April and read a paper before the .sym|)osium 
on applied paleobotany. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, A.s.sociate 
Curator of the Herbarium, Dr. Karl E. SherfT, A.s.sociate 
in Systematic Botany, and Chief Curator Just attended the annual 
meetings of the American Institute of Biological Sciences in Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, in September. Chief Curator Just pre.sented papers 
before the Society for the Study of P2 volution, of which he is .secretary, 
and the Systematic Section of the Botanical Society of America. 
During the year he was appointed chairman of the Committee on 
Paleobotany, Divi.sion of Geology and Geography, of the Xational 
Research Council. A.s.sociate Curator Steyermark is secretary of 
the Sy.stematic Section of the Botanical Society of America and 
.secretary of the Sy.stematic Section of the Society of Plant Taxono- 
mists. Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, repre- 
sented the Mu.seum at the Seventh International Botanical Congress 
held in Stockholm, Sweden, in July and pre.sented a paper. Dr. 
Jos^, Curator of Colombian Botany, was appointed 
corresponding member of the Ecuadorian Institute of Xatural 
Sciences. Dr. Hanford Tiffany, Associate in Cryptogamic 
Botany, is president of the Phycological Society of America. 


A reproduction of a ginger lily has been added to the plant exhibits in Hall 29. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, Robert K. Wyant, 
Curator of Economic Geology, Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 
Mammals, Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. 
Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, attended the meetings 
of the Geological Society of America in Washington, D.C., in 
November. Curators Patterson, Zangerl, and Denison also attended 
the meetings of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology held con- 
currently, where Curator Patterson discussed the Early Cretaceous 
mammals found in northern Texas. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., 
Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, and Curator Wyant attended the 
meetings of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in 
Chicago in April. In September Curator Wyant attended the meet- 
ings of the National Chemical Exposition held also in Chicago. 

Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, presided as 
president at the annual meeting of the American Malacological 
Union, which was held in the Museum in June. Colin C. Sanborn, 


Curator of Mammals, aiiended the meetings of the American Society 
of Mammalo^nsts in Yellowstone National Park in June and was 
elected to the society's board of directors. During the year he was 
elected a member of the Washington Academy of Sciences, Wash- 
ington, D.C, with the citation. "In recognition of his contributions 
to systematic zoology, particularly in the classification of the 
Chiroptera, and faunal studies in South America." Dr. Austin L. 
Rand, Curator of Birds, attended the meetings of the American 
Ornithologists' Union in St. Paul an<l was electe<l a member of the 
International Committee, the governing and oi)erating board for 
the International Ornithological ClifTord H. Pope, 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, was electe<l president of the 
Kennicott Club of Chicago, an organization that includes most of 
the active workers in the museum fields of zoology and botany in 
the Chicago region. D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate 
Anatomy, was elected vice-president of the Society for the Study 
of Evolution, and Chief Curator Schmidt continued as treasurer. 

The Director of the Museum attended the annual meeting of the 
American A.s.sociation of Museums held in Colorado Springs, Colo- 
rado, in May. He attended the meeting of the Council of that 
organization and visited the Denver Mu.seum of Natural History 
with that body. At other times during the year he visited the Los 
Angeles County (California i Mu.seum, Arizona State Museum at 
Tucson, and the university museums at Stanford I'niversity, Cali- 
fornia, and at Michigan State College. Mrs. Meta P. Howell, 
Librarian of the Mu.seum, and ]Mrs. Eunice ^L Gemmill, Associate 
Librarian, attended the midwinter conference of the American 
Library Association in Chicago in January. They also attended 
during the year sessions of various profe.ssional organizations such 
as the Special Libraries A.ssociation, the Illinois Regional Group of 
Cataloguers, and the Chicago Library Club. 

A number of staff members .serve in editorial capacities on 
scientific journals. Dr. Ale.xander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic 
Ethnology, resumed the review editorship of the Americati Anthro- 
pologist in December upon his return from his expedition to Micro- 
nesia, Curator Collier having served as review editor during his 
ab.sence. Chief Curator Just continued as editor of Lloydia and 
member of the editorial boarrl of Evolution and was appointed editor 
of Paleobotanical Report. Research A.ssociate Sherff continued as a 
member of the editorial committee of Brittonia. Curator Patterson 
was appointed associate editor of Evolution and Curator Zangerl was 
made foreign editor of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Xews 


Bulletin. Chief Curator Schmidt continued as herpetological editor 
of Copeia, section editor (amphibians and reptiles) of Biological 
Abstracts, and consulting editor (cold-blooded vertebrates) of 
American Midland Naturalist and was elected during the year to 
the editorial board of Ecology. 

Publications of staff members during 1950 other than those issued 
by Chicago Natural History Museum included the following titles: 


Allen, T. George 

Occurrences of Pyramid Texts, with Cross Indexes of These and Other Egyptian 
Mortuary Texts (University of Chicago Press, No. 27 in Oriental Institute 
"Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization"), vii+149 pages 

Collier, Donald 

"Reconnaissance Notes on the Site of Huari, Near Ayacucho, Peru," American 
Antiquity, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 120-137 [with John H. Rowe and Gordon R. 


QuiMBY, George I. 

"Archaeology, Western Hemisphere," in 1950 Britannica Book of the Year, 
A Record of . . . Events of 19^9 (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.), pp. 

"Historic Creek Pottery from Oklahoma," American Antiquity, vol. 15, no. 3, 
pp. 249-251 [with Alexander Spoehr] 

Spoehr, Alexander 

"Observations on the Study of Kinship," American Anthropologist, vol. 52, no. 1, 
pp. 1-15 


Cuatrecasas, Jose 

"Frailejonal, tipico cuadro de la vida vegetal en los paramos andinos.," 
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias, vol. 7, pp. 457-461 

"Gutiferas nuevas o poco conocidas de Colombia," Anales del Instituto de 
Biologia de Mexico, vol. 20, pp. 91-112 

"Les especies del genere Espeletia," Butlleti de la Institucio Catalana d'Historia 
Natural, vol. 37, pp. 30-41 

"New and Noteworthy Colombian Trees," Tropical Woods, no. 96, pp. 37-47 

"New Species of Cecropia and Quararibea," in "Plantae Colombianae XH" 
by Richard Evans Schultes, Botanical Museum Leaflets (Harvard University), 
vol. 14, pp. 24-27, 30-32 

"Notas a la Flora de Colombia, Guttiferae," Revista de la Academia Colombiana 
de Ciencias, vol. 8, pp. 32-69 

Cutler, Hugh C. 

"Methods of Popping Corn and Their Historical Significance," Southwestern 
Journal of Anthropology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 303-308, 1 plate, 2 figures [with 
Edgar Anderson] 



Droikt, Fran<is 

"Myxophyceao" (idontifirations and dpscriptionsl, in Plants of Bikini and 
Other Sorlhern Marshall Islands by William Ranrlolph Taylor (University of 
MichiRan Press, Volumo IS in Tnivcrsitv of Michigan Studies, Scientific 
S«'ries^ pp. 103 llfi 

"Nomina Conservanda of (jenera of Myxcmhyceae" (note), in "N'omonclatural 
Principles and Rules in Reference to Certain Funjjal and Algal Generic 
Names" (by Maxwell S. I^oty). Lloydin, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 9 10 

Just, Theodor 

"Carpels and Ovules," in Families of Dicotyledons by Alfred Gunderson 

(Waltham, Massachusetts: Chronica Botanica Company!, pp. 1'2 17 

"Me.sozoic Plant Microfos.sils and Their Geological Significance" (abstract!, 

Annual Meetings, 1950 (The Society of Economic Paleontologi.sts and Miner- 

alogists\ p. 39 

Review of Phyton, Annales Rei Rotanicae (edited by F. Weber and F. Widder), 

in Quarterly Reriew of Biology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 327-328 

Review of Practical Plant Anatomy (by Adriance S. Fo.ster), in Quarterly 

Reriew of Biology, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 225 

Standley, Pall C. 

"A New Cycad from Honduras," Ceiba, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 36-38 [with Louis O. 


"FA Cipres Centroamericano," Cciha, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. lsO-185 

"Henri Frangois Pittier en Costa Rica," Ceiha, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 131-135 

"New Plants from Honduras," Ceiba, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 38 49 

"Plantae Centrali Americanae, I," Ceiba, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 141-170 [with 

Louis O. Williamsl 

"Plantas Nuevas Hondurefias y Xicaraguenses," Ceiha, vol. 1, no. 2. pp. 

74-96 [with Louis O. Williamsl 

"Teosinte in Honduras," Ceibn, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 58-61 


"Flora of Guatemala," Ecology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 368-372 

"Missouri Towns with Plant Names," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 

vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 55 60 

"Notes on Geocarpon minimum Mackenzie," Bulletin of the Torreu Botanical 

Club, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 268-273 

"Scarlet Oak in Missouri," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 37, no. 8, 

pp. 143-145 

"Wild Orchids of Missouri," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 38, 

no. 4, pp. 61 64 

"Yellow in the Early Spring," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 38, 

no. 4, pp. 71-73 


Denison, Robert H. 

"A New Arthrodire from the New Y'ork State Devonian," American Journal 
of Science, vol. 248, pp. 565-580 

Zangerl, Rainer 

"Discovery of Early Cretaceous Mammals and Frogs in Texas," Science, 
vol. 112. rio. 2898, p. 61 [with Robert H. Denisonj 



Haas, Fritz 

"Hermit Crabs in Fossil Snail Shells in Bermuda," Ecology, vol. 31, p. 152 
"On Fresh Water Mollusks from the Amazonian Region," Anales del In- 
stituto de Biologia de Mexico, vol. 20, pp. 301-316, 6 figures 

"On Some Deepsea Mollusks from Bermuda," Builleti de la Institucid Catalana 
d'Historia Natural, vol. 37, pp. 69-73, 6 figures 

"Some Land and Freshwater Mollusks from Para State, Brazil," Nautilus, 
vol. 64, pp. 4-6 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 6: Rabbits 
(Leporidae), with Notes on the Classification and Distribution of the South 
American Forms," Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. 100, 
pp. 327 375, 2 maps 

Inger, Robert F. 

"Distribution and Speciation of the Amphibians of the Riu Kiu Islands," 
American Naturalist, vol. 84, pp. 95-115, 4 maps, 3 figures 

Pope, Clifford H. 

"A Statistical and Ecological Study of the Salamander Pletliodon yonahlossee," 
Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 79-106, 5 figures 

"Reptiles," in The Care and Breeding of Laboratory Animals, edited by 
Edmond J. Farris (New York: John Wiley and Sons), pp. 299-330 (chapter 12) 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A New Race of Owl, Otus bakkamoena, from Negros, Philippine Islands," 
Natural History Miscellanea, no. 72, pp. 1-5 

"A New Race of the Philippine Creeper Rhabdornis inornatus (Class Aves)," 
Natural History Miscellanea, no. 59, pp. 1-3 

"Critical Notes on Limnodromus semipalmatus," Condor, vol. 52 pp. 228-231 

"Feather Replacement in Cassowaries," Auk, vol. 67, pp. 378-379 

"Notes on van Someren Collection," Auk, vol. 67, p. 258 

"On the Name Francolinus sephaena spilogaster Salvadori," Auk, vol. 67, 
pp. 384-385 

"The Amount of Overlap Allowable for Subspecies," Auk, vol. 67, pp. 169- 
183 [with Mehan A. Traylor, Jr.] 

"Three Rare Philippine Birds," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 60, pp. 1-5 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

"A Nepal Record of the Long-eared Bat (Plecotus homochrous Hodgson), 
Natural History Miscellanea, no. 69, pp. 1-2 

"Chiroptera from Dundo, Lunda, Northeastern Angola," PublicaQoes Culturais 
da Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, no. 10, pp. 51-62, 5 figures 

"New Philippine Fruit Bats," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Wash- 
ington, vol. 63, pp. 189-190 

"Notes on the Malay Tapir and Other Game Animals in Siam," Journal of 
Mammalogy, vol. 31, pp. 430-433 [with A. Rush Watkins] 

"Small Rodents from Peru and Bolivia," Publicaciones del Museo de Historia 
Natural "Javier Prado," Lima, Peru, Ser. A., Zoologica, no. 5, pp. 1-16 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"The Concept of Geographic Range, with Illustrations from Amphibians 
and Reptiles," Texas Journal of Science, vol. 2, pp. 326-334 

"Modes of Evolution Discernible in the Taxonomy of Snakes," Evolution, 
vol. 4, pp. 79-86, 2 figures 

"Wilfred Hudson Osgood, 1875-1947," Auk, vol. 67, pp. 183-189 



The poi)iilarity of the liook Shop was (lemonsiraio(l by the fact 
that net sales for the year totaled more than $12, ()()(). It is worthy 
of note that sales each week between mid-May and mid-September 
amounted to more than $1, ()()(). The inventory was necessarily 
increased somewhat because of a number of authoritative new books 
that have appeared during the year and for which there has been 
an almost constant demand. An unexpected trend is ihe increase 
in the sale of novelties, particularly durinj; the summer months 
when Museum visitors are to a lar^e extent from outside the Chicago 
area. The increase in .sales by mail indicates that there is a prowinp 
recognition by out-of-town purcha.sers that the Mu.seum Hook Shop 
can serve their needs through its good .selection of authoritative 
books in the fields of natural history and anthropology. 


Again the Museum achieved a new record in the number of persons 
served in its cafeteria and lunchroom. An increase of more than 
25,000 persons brought the total number served this year to 281,954. 
Total receipts also increased but not in proportion to the increase 
in attendance. Changes in the .service areas in the lunchroom have 
noticeably cut down the length of time needed to .serve each in- 
dividual. Procedures are constantly under study in order that the 
greatest number of persons may be served with the least delay. 


It is difficult to report accurately the tremendous volume of work 
done by the Division of Maintenance and the Division of Engineering. 
Every change in the exhibition halls, every office alteration, and 
every special exhibition make demands upon them. p]xhibition must be constructed and moved into position, electrical circuits 
must be provided in acce.ssible locations, every large shipment 
leaving the Mu.seum must be boxed or crated, and even changes in 
weather place new duties on divisions. Under circum- 
stances it .should be understood that any factual report of their 
accomplishments must at best be incomplete. 

In connection with the reconditioning of Mary D. Sturges Hall 
(Hall 5' many exhibition were remodeled and painted gray 
instead of black, and poison pans were installed to protect the 


exhibits from possible attack by insects. The old exhibition cases 
were removed from the west half of Clarence Buckingham Hall 
(Hall 35, Rocks and General GeologjO- The Division of Fishes was 
moved from its quarters on the third floor to a location on the 
ground floor (see page 19), The service counter in the lunchroom 
was remodeled, and a rubber-tile floor was installed in the cafeteria. 
Extensive measures for the extermination of termites were continued 
throughout the building. Sash and window frames were repaired, 
all exterior woodwork was painted, and a new numbering system 
was adopted for identifying the hundreds of window screens used 
in the building. A concrete ramp was constructed at the outside 
entrance of the shipping room for better handling of wheel chairs. 

The modernization of the boiler room begun last year was com- 
pleted (see page 19). All piping and exposed steel work were painted, 
a hot-water heater with automatic controls was installed, the boilers 
and breeching were cleaned, and the pumps were repaired. A large 
crack in the breeching just inside the building line, resulting from 

James R. Shouba, Superintendent of Maintenance, Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, 
Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator of Fishes, and Robert Kanazawa, Assistant (since 
resigned), check over the plans for the new quarters of the Division of Fishes. 






Jr ^«'V*'. .<W 

lA mmk 

^^p "^ 


settlement, came to li^hi during the heavy spring rains. In order 
to repair this damage it was necessary to break o{)en the cement 
floor, install a permanent manhole, and replace the broken section 
of the downspout hne. The freight elevator was rebuilt, and the 
gears, which had been in use for thirty-one years, were replace<l. 
Exhaust fans were installed on the fourth floor in the workroom of 
Josepii H. Krstolich, Artist in Zoology, to remove fine plastic dust, 
on the third floor in the Division of Photography and the Division 
of Motion Pictures, and on the second floor in the Meeting Room, 
and air ducts were connecte<l with the skin-storage rooms in the 
Division of Taxidermy in order to avoid the high temperatures that 
might damage the skins. Fluorescent lighting fixtures were installer! 
in the poison rooms on the fourth floor, in the da.ssroom on the ground 
floor, and in new wall cases in several exhibition halls, and vapor- 
j)roof lights were substituted for the old lights in the hood over the 
cooking range in the cafeteria to le.s.sen danger of fire. Under con- 
tracts in force 16,001,328 i)oimds of steam were furnished to the 
Chicago Park District and 16,011.500 pounds to the John G. Shedd 
A(iuarium, a total of 32.012,828 pounds delivered. 


In the pages that follow are submitted the Mu.seum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, acce.ssions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



FOR YEARS 1949 AND 1950 

INCOME 1950 1949 

Endowment funds $715,206.23 $708,582.49 

Life Membership Fund 10,707.04 9,723.03 

Associate Membership Fund . . 14,399.79 12,891.34 

Chicago Park District 128,776.81 134,003.04 

Annual and Sustaining Mem- 
berships 19,880.00 19,125.00 

Admissions 30,310.25 30,694.75 

Sundry receipts 29,179.59 23,927.77 

Contributions, general pur- 
poses 1,671.50 886.83 

Contributions, special pur- 
poses (expended 7?erroH//-fl) 28,624.59 25,927.67 
Special funds — part expended 
for purpose designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 15,230.09 17,894.10 

$993,985.89 $983,656.02 


Collections $ 17,976.48 $ 41,417.37 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections . . 75,141.85 67,114.92 

Expeditions 21,506.86 42,645.34 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 54,536.76 11,116.06 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 2,785.84 4,718.70 

Pensions and group insurance . . 72,620.66 74,830.94 

Departmental expenses 105,501.80 89,171.29 

General operating expense. . . . 520,451.01 519,799.74 
Building repairs and alterations 118,653.06 130,701.90 
Reserve for building repairs 
and mechanical plant de- 
preciation 10,000.00 

$999,174.32 $981,516.26 

Balance $ 2,139.76 

Deficit $ 5,188.43 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

1950 1949 

Income from endowments $ 19,625.98 $ 18,328.29 

Expenditures 20,489.72 21,932.94 

Deficit $ 863.74 $ 3,604.65 



FOR YEARS 1949 AND 1950 





Total attendance 1.173,661 

Paid attendance U 1 ,J4 1 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 31.174 

School children 81.601 

Teachers 3,675 

Members 531 

Service men and women 1.061 

Special meetings and occasions. . . . 4,083 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 161,721 

Saturdays (52) 309,188 

Sundays (52) 459,086 

Highest attendance on any day 

(September 3 1 13,889 (September 4) 11,859 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 6) 98 (December 16) 169 

Highest paid attendance (September 4) 3,100 (Septembers) 3,739 





1 .380 








Average daily admissions (363 days) . . . 3,233 (363 days) 3,155 

Average paid admissions (207 days) . . 586 (209 days) 587 

Copies of General Guide sold 
Number of articles checked 
Number of picture post cards sold 







Sales of Museum publications (both 
scientific and popular) and photo- 
graphs; rental of wheel chairs 






Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1950): about 2,130 specimens, including 
clay, bone, shell, and stone artifacts, as 
well as perishable articles made of wood, 
cane, leather, and woven sandals and 
cloth, also "mummies" — Tularosa Cave, 
near Reserve, New Mexico 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Micronesia Anthropological Expedi- 
tion, 1949-50): pottery vessels and 
sherds; stone, bone, and shell artifacts; 
and prehistoric human and animal 
skeletal material — Saipan, Tinian, and 
the Palau Islands 

Purchases: 1 old beaded shoulder 
bag and 1 old beaded hair ornament, 
both Sauk and Fox — Tama, Iowa 

Grier, Mrs. Susie I., Estate of. 
May wood, Illinois: 65 ethnological 

specimens — North American Indian 

McClun, Mrs. John M., Chicago: 
8 Egyptian scarabs, 5 strings of Egyp- 
tian glass and faience beads, 3 small 
strings of miscellaneous Egyptian beads, 
1 pair of Etruscan earrings — Egypt and 
Italy (gift) 

McCutcheon, Mrs. John T., Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 1 book made from palm 
or dandanus leaves, with inscription in 
Sanskrit(?) — probably Indian (gift) 

Morey, Dr. Charles W., Chicago: 
pottery vessel in form of four fruits 
joined to central spout — Peru (gift) 

Pelaez, Vinicio R., Cebu City, 
Philippine Islands: 1 bronze Japanese 
statue — Philippine Islands (gift) 

Ransom, Robert M., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: drum of wood, with hide head, 
Choco Indians — Colombia (gift) 


Abbott, Dr. Isabella A., Pacific 
Grove, California: 109 specimens of 
algae (gift) 

Adelaide, University of, Adelaide, 
Australia: 300 specimens of algae (ex- 

Barmack, Mrs. B. J., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 2 specimens of fungi (gift) 

Bayalis, John, Chicago: 2 specimens 
of fungi (gift) 

Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii, T.H.: 994 plant specimens 

Blum, Dr. John L., Buffalo: 153 
specimens of algae (gift) 

BoTANiscHE Staatssammlung, Mun- 
ich, Germany: 85 plant specimens (ex- 

BucHHOLZ, Dr. John T., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 photographic prints, 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 

Burpee Seed Company, Philadel- 
phia: 81 legume-seed packets (gift) 

Butler University, Indianapolis: 
30 plant specimens (exchange) 

Calhoun, Barbara, Milwaukee: 82 
plant specimens (gift) 

California, University of, Ber- 
keley: 289 cryptogamic specimens (gift); 
1,077 plant specimens, 367 specimens 
of algae (exchange) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 110 plant specimens 

Camp, Earl, Iowa City, Iowa: 2 
plant specimens (gift) 

Catholic University of America, 
Washington, D.C.: 17 plant specimens 

Chambers, T. C, Auckland, New 
Zealand: 3 specimens of algae (gift) 


ChaI'Man. Dk. \'. J., Aufkland. Ni-w 
Zealan<l: *j s|H'cim«'ns of alRae (Rift) 

Chask. N'lKtJlMl s n.. I\>i>ria ilcinlits, 
Illinois: 1275 plant sp«'cim»'ns n'xrhariK''^ 

Chicago Natikai, History Miskim: 

Collected by Dr. Hunh V. CutU-r 
(Southwest Botanical Kxpcdition, 1919': 
;nJ plant spcciiiifns 

Ct)llpcted by D. DwiRht Davis and 
Uobort F. InRor (Borneo ZooloRical 
Hxpinlition. 1950): 5 plants of North 

Collected by Henry S. l)yl)as i South- 
eastern States Zoological Field Trip, 
1949): 113 specimens of fun^i 

Collected by Paul ('. Stanflley 
(Middle Central America Botanical Kx- 
pedition, 1948 50): 30.000 plant speci- 

Purchaitcs: 500 plant specimens 
Spain: B49 plant specimens Peru; 
•J. 300 plant specimens southern 
Nlexico; 200 plant specimens South 
Africa; 1 15 plant specimens Colombia; 
500 plant specimens Formosa and 
Japan; 126 plant specimens Ignited 
States, West Indies, Central America, 
and South America; 573 wood speci- 
mens— Ecuador 

CoLEGio Salesiano, Lima, Peru: 60 
plant specimens (gift) 

Colorado, I'niversity of, Mlseim, 
Boulder: 1 plant specimen and reprint 
of original description (gift) 

Cook, Dr. Mkiaii.le T., Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana: 4 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Culberson, William, Cincinnati: 39 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

CiMMiNS, Dr. George, Lafayette, 
Indiana: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Chicago: 277 
plant specimens, 73 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 10 
plant specimens (gift* 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis: 
12 plant specimens (gift) 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis: 
lis specimens of algae (exchange) 

Davis, Dr. Jared J., Richland, 
Washington: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

DiLLER, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 
50 algal cultures (gift) 

Dominion Botanist, The, Ottawa, 
Ontario, Canada: 25 plant specimens 

Doty, Dk. .\1a\uell S., Evanston, 
Illinois: 5 cryptogamic specimens, 400 
specimens of fungi (gift) 

Downing, (Ilenn R., Battle Creek, 
Michigan: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Dkockt, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 4 
plant sjM'ciniens (gift i 

Durham. O. C, North Chicago, Illi- 
nois: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Dyhas, Hk.nry S., Chicago: 27 speci- 
mens of fungi (gift) 

ESCUEI.A .•\t;KffoLA Panamerkana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honilurjis: 5,164 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Fassett, Dr. Norman C, Madi.son, 

Wisconsin: 3 plant specimens (gifti; 78 
plant specimens (exchange) 

F'isHER, (JeoR(;e L., Houston, Texas: 
8 specimens of algae (gift) 

FRif>;NER, Ray C, Indianapolis: 71 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Springfield, 
Illinois: 93 plant specimens (exchange) 

Gaiser, Dr. Lulu O., Cambridge, 
Ma.s.sachu.setts: 4 plant specimens (gift) 

Giims, Dr. R. D., Montreal, Quebec, 
Canada: 2 specimens of algae (gift) 

GiER, Dr. L. J., Liberty, Mi.s.souri: 

46 specimens of algae (gift i 

Glassman, Dr. Sidney F., Chicago: 
31 cryptogamic specimens, 553 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 58 crypto- 
gamic specimens (exchange) 

Harvard University, Cambridge, 
Ma.s.sachusetts: 341 plant specimens 
(gift); 421 plant specimens (exchange) 

Hatheway, William H., Waialua, 
Oahu, Hawaii, T.H.: 102 plant speci- 
mens (gift ) 

Hermann, Dr. F. J., Beltsville, 
Maryland: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Herter, Dr. W. G., Bern, Switzer- 
land: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

HiLDEHRAND. B. G., Brooklyn: 15 
wood specimens (exchange) 

HoDGE, Dr. Walter H., .\mherst, 
Massachu.setts: 50 plant specimens (ex- 

Ho(;sHEAD, Raymond C, North 
.Miami, F'lorida: 3 plant specimens 

HuMM, Dr. Harold J., Tallaha-s.see, 
Florida: 1 cryptogamic specimen, 2 
specimens of algae (gift) 

Illinois. University of, Chicago: 
1,874 plant specimens (gift) 


Illinois, University of, Urbana: 
14 plant specimens (gift) 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: 92 plant specimens (gift) 

Iltis, Dr. Hugh, St. Louis: 1 cryp- 
togamic specimen (gift) 

Instituto Geobiologico, Porto 
Alegre, Brazil: 42 plant specimens (ex- 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Tucuman, 
Argentina: 1 plant specimen (gift); 
1,793 plant specimens (exchange) 

Jardin Botanique, Brussels, Bel- 
gium: 1 plant specimen (exchange) 

Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, Maryland: 7,059 plant specimens, 
2,600 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Johnson, Dr. Leslie, Chicago: 3 
specimens of fungi (gift) 

Jones, Dr. G. Neville, Urbana, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Kelly, Isabel, Mexico, D.F.: 55 
plant specimens (gift) 

Kiener, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, Ne- 
braska: 508 specimens of algae (gift); 
160 specimens of algae (exchange) 

Levvin, Ralph A., New Haven, Con- 
necticut: 3 specimens of algae (gift) 

Lindsey, Dr. Alton A., Lafayette, 
Indiana: 3 specimens of algae (gift) 


Illinois: 4 specimens of algae (gift) 

Macbride, J. Francis, Stanford 
University, California: 44 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Madsen, Dr. Grace C, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 117 specimens of algae (gift) 

Maldonado, Professor Angel, 
Lima, Peru: 12 specimens of algae (gift) 

Martinez, Professor Maximino, 
Mexico, D.F.: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Matuda, Eizi, Mexico, D.F.: 83 
plant specimens (gift); 110 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

May, Dr. Valerie, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia: 14 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Merrill, Dr. Elmer D., Jamaica 
Plain, Massachusetts: 1 plant specimen 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 144 cryptogamic specimens, 699 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Michigan State College, East 
Lansing: 6 wood specimens (exchange) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 22 plant specimens (gift); 3,755 
plant specimens (exchange) 

MoLDENKE, Dr. Harold N., New 
York: 51 photographic prints, 35 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

MoNCURE, Robert C, Guatemala, 
Guatemala: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Moore, Dr. Dwight, Fayetteville, 
Arkansas: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Morrison, Dr. Warren, Chicago: 
2 plant specimens, 3 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Museo de Ciencias Naturales, 
Caracas, Venezuela: 400 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

MusEO Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 366 plant specimens (gift) 

MusEO Nacional db Historia 
Natural, Santiago, Chile: 1,256 photo- 
graphic prints (exchange) 

National Museum, Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands: 812 plant specimens (ex- 

Natural Resources Section, 
Division of Forestry, San Francisco: 
40 wood specimens (gift) 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 1,617 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Nelson, Mrs. Natalie C, Chicago: 
2 specimens of fungi (gift) 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 22 specimens of algae, 216 
plant specimens, 10 photographic prints 
(gift); 375 plant specimens, 44 photo- 
graphic prints (exchange) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 131 specimens of algae 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida, and William L. Cul- 
berson, Cincinnati: 82 specimens of 
algae (gift) 

Nogle, Harold, Port Arthur, Texas: 
67 wood specimens (exchange) 

NoRVELL, Oliver, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 58 plant specimens 

Oakes, Orville a., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 1 wood specimen (gift) 

Ohlendorf, Dr. William C, Park 
Ridge, Illinois: 136 botanical books, 
2,788 plant specimens (gift) 

Osborn, Dr. Ben O., San Angelo, 
Texas: 2 specimens of algae (gift) 

Palumbo, Dr. Ralph, Philadelphia: 
20 specimens of algae (gift) 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia: 
133 plant specimens (gift) 


Philadelphia Acai>km\ ok Xatihal 
SciKNCt^i, I'hiladt'lphia: 17 plant sp«-iM- 
mens (gift); 15 specimens of algae (ex- 

Philipi'Ines. University of the, 
Quezon City, Philippine Islands: 631 
specimens of al^ae (exchanKe) 

P I c H I - S E R M () L I- 1 . Professor 
RonoLFO, University of Florence, Flor- 
ence, Italy: 100 plant specimens (ex- 

Plant Indistrv Station, Beltsviile, 
Maryland: 730 plant specimens (ex- 

Qieenslanp, University of, Bris- 
bane, Australia: 55 specimens of algae 
(exchange i 

Richards Fund, Donald: 199 cryp- 
togamic sj^ecimens from Mt. Shasta, 
909 cryptogamic specimens, 4J4 speci- 
mens of moss from P'innish Lapland, 
383 specimens of moss and lichens from 
Finland, 50 specimens of fungi from 
North America, 1275 cryptogamic speci- 
mens from Alaska 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Win- 
netka, Illinois: I cryptogamic specimen 

Ruksherbarium, Leiden, Nether- 
lands: S60 specimens of algae, 1,439 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Roc.ERS, Dr. D. p.. New York: 38 
specimens of algae (gift) 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 11 cryp- 
togamic specimens (gift) 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Quebec, Canada: 8 specimens of algae 

Rubinstein, Dr. and Mrs. Joseph, 
Chicago: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

RuT(^ERS University, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey: 68 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Sanborn. Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: '26 plant specimens (gift) 

SCHALLERT. Dr. Paul O., Altamonte 
Springs, Florida: '22 specimens of algae 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift J 

S(-oTT, Milton, Miami, Florida: 77 
wood specimens (exchange) 

Sella,, Chicago: 5 specimens of 
fungi (gift ) 

Senn, Dr. Harold A., Ottawa, On- 
tario, Canada: 18 specimens of algae 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 1,987 
plant sp<>cimens (^giftt 

SiLVA,, Ka-^t Lansing, Michi- 
gan: 247 specimens of algae (gift) 

SiLVA. Paul C, Berkeley, California: 
31 specimens of algae (gift) 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 21 specimens of 
algae (gift) 

TENNt:ssEE, University of, Knox- 
ville: 25 plant specimens (gift) 

United States Department of 
.\(;riculture. Forest Service, Madi- 
.son, Wisconsin: 266 wood specimens 

United States Department of 
.\(;riculture, Beltsviile, .Maryland: 10 
pounds of Chilean wood (gift) 

I'nited States National Herbar- 
ium, Washington, D.C.: reprints, 3 parts 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 2 plant specimens 

Universidad del Cuzco, Cuzco, 
Peru: 19 plant specimens, 26 ears of 
corn (gift) 

Whitehouse, Dr. Eula, Dallas, 
Texas: 74 specimens of algae (gift) 

William Jewell College, Liberty, 
Mi.ssouri: 82 plant specimens (gift) 

WiusoN. .\RCHIE F., Flo.ssmoor, Illi- 
nois: 10 plant specimens (gift: 12 wood 
specimens (exchange) 

Wilton, Mrs. Henry G.. Arlington, 
Massachu.setts: 3 ears of corn (gift) 

WiSNiEwsKY, Dr. a., Belem, Pari, 
Brazil: 4 plant specimens (exchange) 

WoMERSLEY, Dr. H. B. S., Adelaide, 
Australia: 35 specimens of algae (gift) 

Yale University. New Haven, Con- 
necticut: 28 plant specimens (gift) 


American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: cast of Panto- 
lambda hathmodon — New Mexico (ex- 

Bridwell. L. H., Forestburg. Texas: 
vertebrate jaw fragment — Texas (gift) 

Chalmers Crystal Fund: 6 wither- 
ite crystals — Illinois (gift) 


Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
3 fossil reptile specimens — Texas (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected bv Dr. Robert H. Denison, 
William D. turnbull, and Priscilla F. 
Turnbull (Utah Paleontological Expedi- 
tion, 1950): 500 fossil-fish specimens — 
various localities 

Collected by Celestini Kalinowski: 
1 trilobite — Peru 

Collected by George Langford (Wil- 
mington, Illinois, Paleobotanical Field 
Trips, 1950): 847 fossil-plant specimens, 
41 fossil invertebrates — Will County, 

Collected by George Langford and 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (Tennessee 
Paleobotanical Field Trip, 1950): 1,463 
fossil-plant specimens, 1 fossil insect — 
various localities 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl (Texas Paleonto- 
logical Expedition, 1950): collection of 
microfauna of fish, amphibians, reptiles, 
and mammals — Texas; 773 fossil in- 
vertebrates — Arkansas 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr. (Wyoming Invertebrate Paleonto- 
logical Field Trip, 1950): collection of 
invertebrate fossils and 15 fossil fish — 
South Dakota and Wyoming 

Collected by Robert K. Wyant (Mis- 
sissippi Valley Geological Field Trip, 
1950): 248 specimens of minerals, rocks, 
and ores — various localities 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl (Ala- 
bama Paleontological Field Trip, 1950): 
1 fossil turtle — Alabama; (Texas Pale- 
ontological Expedition, 1950): 459 in- 
vertebrate fossils — Texas 

Purchases: 312-gram fragment of 
Keyes meteorite, 1,802 specimens of 
invertebrate fossils, collection of verte- 
brate fossils, 1 fossil jellyfish — various 

Colombia, Consul of, Colombia: 
123 metallic and nonmetallic ores, 17 
lithology specimens — Colombia (gift) 

Darling, M. L., Detroit: specimen 
of native copper — Michigan (gift) 

Dartmouth College Museu.m, 
Hanover, New Hampshire: 7 fossil fish- 

head shields, 15 casts of fossil fish — 
Estonia (exchange) 

Davis, Morgan, Houston, Texas: 
gypsum crystals with sand inclusions — 
Texas (gift) 

Feltwell, H. v., Altoona, Pennsyl- 
vania: fossil impression of part of trunk 
of giant club-moss — Penn.sylvania (gift) 

Hard, Allen M., Tuscaloosa, Ala- 
bama, and Robert H. Hard, Flint, 
Michigan: fossil-turtle fragments — Ala- 
bama (gift) 

Hutchinson, Joseph, Morena, Ari- 
zona: 11 pieces of agate — Arizona (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: collection of 73 invertebrate 
fossils — various localities (exchange) 

Proell, Wayne, Chicago: rhinoceros 
skull— South Dakota (gift) 

Rowley, Elmer B., Glen Falls, New 
York: 9 mineral specimens — various 
localities (exchange) 

Saskatchewan Provincial Mu- 
seum, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada: 
Hyracodon jaw — Canada (gift) 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: loess concretion — Germany (gift) 

Sinclair, G. Winston, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: Anaconularia anomala — Bo- 
hemia (gift) 

Tennessee, University of, Knox- 
ville: plaster cast of four peripherals 
and partial plastron of Toxochelys iveeksi 
— Tennessee (gift) 

Texas Memorial Museum, Austin: 
Trilophosaiirus skeleton — Texas (ex- 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 7 meteorites — vari- 
ous localities (exchange) 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
AND Jon S. Whitfield, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 950 fossil plant specimens, 1 fossil 
invertebrate — various localities (gift) 

Wray, 0. R., Moranda, Quebec, 
Canada: specimen of dalmatianite — 
Canada (gift) 

Zangerl, Dr. and Mrs. Rainer, 
Hazelcrest, Illinois: 1 miacid jaw — 
Utah (gift) 


Abbott, R. Tucker, Washington, 
D.C.: collection of malacological pam- 
phlets (exchange) 

Aboulafia, Leon R., Tel Aviv, 
Israel: 1 mammal, 10 reptiles — Israel 



Ai'oSTA Y Laka, Ki)t akim), Montt'- 
vidtH), Uruguav: 7 mammals Mrazil 


Ahams. Pim.l.lF' A., Bcrki'loy. Cali- 
fornia: ."JS insi'cts various loralitifs (ox- 

AMKRirAV MlSEfM OF Natikai, 
HisToUV, Nfw York: 2 birds Argen- 
tina (exchange) 

Amkrican Tki.ephonk am> Tki.k- 
CKAl'H CoMCANV, New York: 1 compU^to 
set of climbing o(|uipmont (gift ' 

AlRHnAcll, Pk. Stani.ev, Evanston, 
Illinois: 1(54 insects and thoir allies 
United States (gift) 

Bknf„«;ii, BRRNARn. Sunbright, Ten- 
nessee: 310 insects Tennessee (gift) 

Rkrc. Dr. Clifforp O., Delaware, 

Ohio: 'J vials of insects Michigan (gift ) 

Berc.strom, David, Albucjuerciue, 
New Mexico: 81 lower invertebrates 
Tennessee (gift) 

BoRRERo, J. I., Bogota, Colombia: 
7 birds— Colombia (exchange) 

Braiuurv. Marc.aret G., ami 
Phyllis A. Madden, Chicago: 2,^23 
fishes — Illinois (gift) 

Brodie, Laira, Chicago: 1 mammal 
skeleton, S9 fishes- South Carolina 

Brodie, Latra, and Marc.aret G. 
Bradhlry, Chicago: 211 amphibians- 
South Carolina (gift) 

BrcHEN, Walther, Chicago: 1 bird 
— Africa (gift) 

BucHEN Fund, Walther: 132 mam- 
mals—Africa (gift) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San F^rancisco: 47 insects various 
localities (exchange) 

Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 1,178 
insects United States (gift) 

Cardona, Captain F^elix, Caracas, 
Venezuela : 2 1 9 insects— Venezuela (gift i 

Carpenter, Sisan M., Chicago: 1 
annelid worm tube Florida (gift) 

Chao. Hsil-Fi', Amherst, Massachu- 
setts: 1 insect paratype- China (gifti 

Chicago, University of. Depart- 
ment of Zoology, Chicago: 1 amphib- 
ian — Illinois (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collectefl by Dr. Francis Drouet and 
others (Gulf States Botanical Expedi- 
tion, 1948 49): 62 lower invertebrates- 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas and 
Kobert F. Inger (local field work): 136 
in.sects Indiana 

CoIlecte<l by Philip Hershkovitz (Co- 
loml)ia Zoological KxjM'dition, 1948- 
51 ): '.19 rei)ti!es and amphibians, 284 in- 
.sects and their allies Colombia 

Collectofl by Harry Hoogstraal and 
others (Philippines Z<)r)logical Expedi- 
tion, 194(5 47 1 : 10,715 in.sects and their 
alli«'s, 43 lots of lower invertebrates — 
Philippine Islands 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Texas 
Paleontological Expedition, 1950): 2 
reptiles Texa.s 

Collected by Clifiord H. Pope and 
Sarah Pope (Appalachian and Ouachita 
Mountains Zoological Field Trip, 1950i: 
2(i4 reptiles and amphibian.s Oklahoma 
anrl Arkansas 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
Islands field work i : 365 mammal skins 
and skulls, 41 mammals in alcohol, 1 
mammal skull, 672 birds, 439 reptiles 
and amphibians Philippine Islands 

Collectefl by Eugene S. Richard.son, 
Jr. (Wyoming Invertebrate Paleonto- 
logical F'ield Trip, 1950:: 30 lower in- 
vertebrates Wyoming 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (Ar- 
kansas Zoological Field Trip, 1950): 24 
mammals, 14 reptiles and amphibians, 
21 lower invertebrates- Arkansas 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt (field 
work in Germany i: 17 mammals, 115 
reptiles and amphibians Germany 

Collected by Ia^ou L. Walters and 
Ronald J. Lambert (Gulf States Zoo- 
logical Field Trip, 1950): 54 reptiles 
and ami)hibians .southeastern United 

Collected by A. Rush Watkins, Colin 
C. Sanborn, and Frank C. Wonder 
(Rush Watkins Siam Zoological ExF>edi- 
tion, 1949): 138 reptiles and amphibians, 
86 insects and their allies— Siam 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel, 
Rodger D. Mitchell, and Luis de la 
Torre (Guatemala Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1948): 2,636 insects and their 
allies— Guatemala 

Collected by Loren P. Woods and 
familv (Florifia Kevs Fish-Collecting 
Trip, 1949-50): 711 marine fishes— 

Collected by I^ren P. Woods and 
Robert F. Inger (Field Work for Cave 
Fishes, 1950i: 17 mammals, 9 reptiles 
and amphibians, 638 fishes, 18 lots of 
lower invertebrates — United States 


Collected by various Museum workers 
and volunteers (from animals brought 
in for Museum collection): 3,920 insects 
and their allies 

Purchases: 489 mammal skins and 
skulls, 242 mammals in alcohol, 32 
mammal skulls, 1 mammal skin and 
skeleton, 2 mammal skeletons, 16,193 
bird skins, 1 set of bird eggs, 409 
reptiles and amphibians, 299 fishes, 
6,987 insects and their allies, 263 lots 
of lower invertebrates 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 26 mammals, 39 birds, 2 
bird eggs — various localities (gift) 

Choate, Jerry, Big Spring, Texas: 
1 reptile — Texas (gift) 

Cleveland, Thomas C, Homewood, 
Illinois: 1 reptile — Illinois (gift) 

GOLA, Porto, Portugal: 100 mammals in 
alcohol — Angola (gift) 

CoNOVER, BoARDMAN (deceased): 1 
bird skeleton — Illinois (gift) 


Chicago: approximately 18,000 game 
birds — worldwide (gift) 

Deraniyagala, Dr. P. E. P., Co- 
lombo, Ceylon: 2 reptiles — Ceylon (ex- 

Doty, Mrs. Charlotte, Chicago: 1 
fish, 550 lots of lower invertebrates — 
worldwide (gift) 

Duckworth, N. H., Chicago: 1 rep- 
tile — Borneo (gift) 

Dybas, Henry S., Hazelcrest, Illi- 
nois: 3,456 insects and their allies — 
various localities (gift) 

EiGSTi, Wilbur E., Hastings, Ne- 
braska: 74 insects — Nebraska (gift) 

Elias, Dr. Hans, Chicago: 5 fishes — 
Florida (gift) 

English, Dr. (full name lacking), 
Miami, Florida: 1 mammal — Florida 

Felton, Heinz, Frankfort-on-Main, 
Germany: 9 mammals — Germany (gift) 

Figueroa, Mauro Cardenas, Mex- 
ico, D.F., 3 reptiles — Mexico (gift) 

Fleming, Robert, Mussoorie, India: 
133 insects and their allies — India (gift) 

Flohr, Richard (address lacking): 
1 fish— Florida (gift) 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: 1 mam- 
mal skull — Brazil (gift) 

Frost, C. A., Framingham, Massa- 
chusetts: 1 insect — California (gift) 

Gaerdes, F., Okahandja, South West 
Africa: 90 insects — South West Africa 

Ganier, Dr. Albert F., Nashville, 
Tennessee: 1 mammal — Tennessee (ex- 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 1 
bird, 1,600 insects — United States (gift) 

Goldman, Ronald, Chicago: 18 
mammals — Missouri (gift) 

GoLDSCHMiDT, Harvey M., Putnam 
Valley, New York: 93 reptiles and am- 
phibians — United States (gift) 

Goodnight, Dr. and Mrs. 
Clarence J., Lafayette, Indiana: 84 
insects and their allies, including 2 
paratypes — Mexico (gift) 

Gorges, A. J., Eagleton, Arkansas: 
5 reptiles — Arkansas (gift) 

Gosline, William A., University of 
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, T.H.: 6 
fishes — Hawaii (exchange) 

Greeley, Frederick, Madison, Wis- 
consin: 9 mammals — Wisconsin (gift) 

Greeman, O. W., Marion, Kentucky: 
1 mammal — Kentucky (gift) 

Hassler, William G., Nashville, 
Tennessee: 1 amphibian — tropical 
America (gift) 

Henson, Daniel G., Jr., Eagleton, 
Arkansas: 1 reptile — Arkansas (gift) 

Hildebrandt, R. E., Maywood, 
Illinois: 1 mammal skull — Florida (gift) 

HoOGSTRAAL, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
301 mammals, 481 birds, 377 amphib- 
ians and reptiles, 5,524 insects and their 
allies (including 271 paratypes), 1,278 
prepared insect microscope slides, 12 
lower invertebrates — Egypt (gift) 

Hubbard, Dr. C. Andresen, Tigard, 
Oregon: 206 insects prepared on micro- 
scope slides (including 20 paratypes) — 
western United States (gift) 

HuBBS, Dr. Clark, Austin, Texas: 
95 fishes (including 55 paratypes) — 
tropical western Pacific (gift) 

HuBRiCHT, Leslie, Danville, Vir- 
ginia: 2 amphibians — Virginia (gift) 

Hunter, Colonel George W., Ill, 
Tokyo, Japan: 2 amphibians — Japan 

Johnson, J. E., Waco, Texas: 22 
reptiles — Texas (gift) 

Kirby-Smith, Dr. Henry, Sewanee, 
Tennessee: 7 fishes — Tennessee (gift) 

KoBAYASHi, K., Kobe, Japan: 43 
birds — Japan (exchange) 


Kix I!, Kaki. Ll'invic. Frankfort-oti- 
Maiii, (M-rmuny: 1 Mnl (M-rmany 

Kkaiss, N. I., n.. Unnoliilu. Hawaii. 
T.H.: 1- rt'pliles various Im-alitit's 

Kins, Mkki.kL.. I.afayt'ttc. Indiana: 
50 mammals Mexico (cxchanK"' : 1 
mammal skull Mexico (gift) 

i-ola. Floritla: 1 l)ir(l. l reptiles various 
localities (gift) 

Lamukut. ItoNAi.i) .1.. I^ensonvillc, 
Illinois: 1 bin! Wisconsin (gift) 

LEKAC.n,. I>K. HOONSANG, Bangkok, 
Siam: 1 pair of mammal horns Siam 

Lewis, Lieutenant Thomas H., Las 
Cruces, New Mexico: 2 reptiles- 
Mexico (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 14 
mammals, 1 bird various localities 

Little, Lither, San Marino, Cali- 
fornia: 4 mammals Arizona (gift) 

LoNC, Lewis K., Washington, D.C: 
4 reptiles and amphibians Nicaragua 

LowRiE, Dr. Donalp C, Moscow, 
Idaho: 3 reptiles, 400 insect allies — 
United States (gift) 

Main, A. R., Nedlands, Australia: 1 
reptile Australia (gift) 

Maria, Brother Niceforo, Laba- 
teca, Colombia: 1 bird Colombia (gift) 

MiNTON, Dr. Sherman A., Jr., In- 
dianapolis: 9 amphibians Indiana 

Mitchell, Rodcer D., Wayne, Illi- 
nois: 14 lots of lower invertebrates — 
United States (gift) 

MiNiciPAL Aqlarum, Key 
Florida: 1 Florida (gift) 

MuRrHY, Walter P. (deceased): 6 
birds— various localities (gift) 

Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1 reptile, 
2 amphibian paratypes, S insects, 105 
lots of lower invertebrates various 
localities (exchange) 

Museum of Natural History, 
Urbana, Illinois: 2 mammals Illinois 

Nelson, Harry, Chicago: 80 insects 
— various localities (gift) 

New York Zoolocmcal Society, 
New York: 1 bird Belgian Congo 

Ohlendorf, Dr. William C, Park 
liidge, Illinois: 257 birds North 
America (gift i 

Ortiz de la Puente, Javier. Lima, 
Peru: 1 reptile and 1 amphibian Kcua- 
dor (gift) 

Pacific Science Board, Washington, 
D.C.: .s9 in.sects Micronesia (gifti 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 311 fishes Indiana (gift) 

Parkman, Macy, Mt. Sterling, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird Illinois (gift i 

Parodiz, Juan Jose, Washington, 
D.C: 46 lower invertebrates Mis- 
souri (gift) 

Patterson, Bryan, and Alan Pat- 
TEliSoN, Park Forest, Illinois: 500 in- 
sects and their allies Florida (ex- 
change); 40 in.sects Illinois (gift) 

Pearody Museum, Cambridge, Mas- 
.sachu.setts: .s6 fi.shes, 10 lots of lower 
invertebrates— southwest A.sia (gift) 

Pena, Colonel Luis E., Santiago, 
Chile: 1 fish, 2 in.sect paratypes— 
Bolivia and Chile (gift) 

Princeton University, Princeton, 
New Jersey: 112 reptiles and amphib- 
ians Argentina (gift) 

Rana, General Rudra Shamsher 
JuNc. Bahadur, Comander-in-Chief, 
Camp Butwal, Nepal:-! Hima- 
layan bearskin rug Nepal (gift) 

Ray, Eu(;ene. Chicago: 41 insects 
(including 1 paratype) —various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Reed. Dr. Charles A., Chicago: 142 
salamanders Arizona (gift) 

Remington, Dr. Charles L., New 
Haven, Connecticut: 379 insects- 
Philippine Islands (gift) 

Reynolds, Charles, and Leroy 
Williams, Eagleton, 1 rep- 
tile (gift) 

Richardson, Dr. Maurice L., Lan- 
sing. Michigan: 26 lower invertebrates 
- California (gift) 

Romer, J. D., Hong Kong, China: 7 
amphibians Hong Kong, China (gift) 

Ross. Lillian A.. Chicago: 2 reptiles 
and 1 amphibian. 126 insects and their 
allies, 6 lower invertebrates — Cuba and 
United States (gift) 


Russell, Richard, Belleville, Illi- 
nois: 14 lower invertebrates — Illinois 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

Sanderson, Ivan T. (address lack- 
ing): 1 fish — Yucatan (gift) 

SCHLESCH, Dr. Hans, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 10 lower invertebrates — 
various localities (gift) 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 9 lots of lower invertebrates — 
Germany (gift) 

ScHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Green- 
wich, Connecticut: 191 lower inverte- 
brates (including 2 paratypes) — various 
localities (gift) 

Scott de Biraben, Dr. M. I. 
HvLTON, La Plata, Argentina: 431 lower 
invertebrates (including 6 paratypes) — 
Argentina (exchange) 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Home- 
wood, Illinois: 137 insects — North 
America (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfort- 
on-Main, Germany: 7 reptiles — Aus- 
tralia and Madagascar (exchange) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
92 fishes — worldwide (gift) 

Shirk, Joseph H., Peru, Indiana: 3 
mammal skulls — Arizona (gift) 

Shoemaker, Dr. Hurst: Champaign, 
Illinois: 1 lower invertebrate — Gulf of 
Mexico (gift) 

SiGiSMUND OF Prussia, Princess, 
Barranca, Costa Rica: 8 mammals, 6 
reptiles, 10 insects and their allies — 
Costa Rica (gift) 

SiOLi, Dr. Harald, Belem, Brazil: 
217 lower invertebrates — Brazil (gift) 

Smith, Professor Clarence R., 
Aurora, Illinois: 1 reptile — Illinois (gift) 

Spencer, Mrs. Howard C, Vernon, 
New Jersey: 4 reptiles — New Jersey 

Steiner, John, Chicago: 3 insects — 
Chicago (gift) 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 1 mammal, 2 amphib- 
ians — Missouri (gift) 

Stickel, Dr. William H., Laurel, 
Maryland: 216 amphibians (including 1 
type and 2 paratypes) — Philippine Is- 
lands (gift) 

Stoddard, Herbert, Sr., Thomas- 
ville, Georgia: 2 birds — Georgia (gift) 

Strassen, Richard zur, Kronberg, 
Germanv: 1 insect paratype — Germany 

Tarrant, Ross, Walworth, Wiscon- 
sin: 2 reptiles, 8 fishes, 1 pair of shark 
jaws — Florida and Wisconsin (gift) 

Tashian, Richard E., Lafayette, 
Indiana: 83 birds — Mexico (gift) 

Thompson, Robert T., Cavecreek, 
Arizona: 2 insects — Arizona (gift) 

Thurow, Gordon, Chicago: 15 rep- 
tiles and amphibians — Indiana and 
Bermuda (gift) 

TosCHi, Dr. Augusto, Bologna, 
Italy: 9 mammals — Italy (exchange) 

Traub, Major Robert, Washington, 
D.C. : 28 mammals, 69 insects (including 
10 paratypes, 15 holotypes, and 15 allo- 
types) — various localities (gift) 

Traylor, Nancy, Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C: 55 insects — various 
localities (exchange) 

United States Navy Medical Re- 
search Unit No. 3, Anglo-Egyptian 
Sudan: 362 mammals, 25 fishes — Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan (gift) 

VAN der Schalie, Dr. Henry, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 40 lots of lower in- 
vertebrates — United States (gift) 

Vaz, Dr. Eduardo, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
13 snake skulls, 7 snake skins — South 
America (gift) 

Ward, Ronald, Chicago: 103 insects 
— United States (gift) 

Webb, Walter F., St. Petersburg, 
Florida: 2 lower invertebrates — Peru 

Wentworth, Colonel Edward N., 
Chicago: 2 mammal skulls — domestic 

Whitfield, Yvette, Laredo, Texas: 
10 insects — Texas (gift) 

Wirdham, Bert, Eagleton, Arkansas: 
1 reptile — Arkansas (gift) 

Woodcock, H. E., Chicago: 4 insects 
— Nova Scotia and New Brunswick 

Woods, Loren P., Jr., Richton Park, 
Illinois: 5 fishes — Indiana (gift) 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 17 insects 
— Illinois and Indiana (gift) 

ZiEMER, August, Chicago: 143 in- 
sects and their allies — Illinois and Wis- 
consin (gift) 



ChkacoNatiral History Miseim: 
Made by Museum Photograohpr: 16 
2x2 natural-color (orijfinah slides 

CiRiKR. Mrs. SrsiE I., Estate of, 
Maywood, Illinois: 52 books and pul>- 
lications, 19'J ethnological specimens, 
U'J pieces of jewelry (gift) 

Lambert, Ronai.d J.. Bensonville, 
Illinois: 3 UxJ natural-color original) 
slides (gift ) 

Millar. John R., Chicago: 3 2x2 

natural-ri)Ior (duplicate slides (gift) 


ChkagoNatiralHistoRY MlSKlM: positives, 501 enlargements, 94 lantern 
Made by Division of Photography: slides, 2 kodacromes, 6 transparencies 
12,960 prints, 1,127 negatives, 1,410 


Baker-Hint Foindation, Inc., Hallock, Norman R., La Grange, 
Covington, Kentucky: 2,000 feet of Illinois: 1,100 feet of color film f pur- 
black-and-white 35mm sound film (gift) chase) 
Chicago Natural History MisEfM: Hilfiker, Earl, Rochester, New 
Made by Division of Motion Pictures: York: 400 feet of color film (purchase) 
1,500 feet of color sound-film 


Academie des Sciences, Paris 

American Anthropological Association, 
Andover, Mas.sachusetts 

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago 
Camp Fire Girls, Inc., New York 

MajTjyama and Company, Tokyo, Japan 

Pakistan Embassy, Washington, D.C. 

Republic of Colombia, Bogota, Co- 
Rush Medical College, Chicago 


Alvarez, Dr. Walter C, Mayo Clinic, Field. Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 
Rochester, Minnesota 

Beecher, William J., Chicago 

Day, Mary Bostwick, Chicago 
Denison. Dr. Robert H., Chicago 

Eggan, Dr. Frederick, University of 
Chicago, Chicago 


Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Grier, Mrs. Su.^e I., Estate of. May- 
wood, Illinois 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 

Langford, George, Chicago 

Myrland, Arthur L., Chicago Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, lUinois 

Souza-Novelo, Dr. Narciso, Merida, 

Ohlendorf, Dr. WilHam C, Park Ridge, ^ Yucatan Mexico 

jllinois Standley, Paul C, Chicago 

„ ^ „,. ^, Tristan, Jose M., Rochester, New York 
Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Winnetka, 

Illinois Walpole, Stewart J., Mount Dora, 

Richardson, Dr. Maurice L., Lansing, Florida 

Michigan Wardwell, William, Chicago 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago 


Conrrihutions .ind Requests 

rontrihutions and bequests to Chicapo Xatural History 
Museum may l)e made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be namefl by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Xatural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural flistory Museum to an amount not in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are aUouable as 
deductions in coynputinrj net income for federal income tax. 




Marshall Field* 

Those who 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

* Deceased 


have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N." 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 
Knight, Charles R. 

Deceased, 1950 
Conover, Boardman 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scieiitisls or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who hare rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Brcuil, AbW Henri 

Horhroutinor, Hr. 
H. r GeorRos 

Hiimhcrt, IVofessor 

Keissler, Or. Karl 

Koith, Professor Sir 

I>e6n, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy. Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Ro.senwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Jo-seph* 
Armour, Alli.son V.* 
Armour, P. D.' 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 

* Deceased 


Bartlett, F'lorence 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.' 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong. Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

.\dams, George E.* 
.\dams. Mihvard* 
American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 

Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane. R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jo.s^ 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henrv 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell. Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Ed.son* 

Langtry, J. C. 

Maclean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perrv, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Richards, Donald 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie. Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague. \. A.* 
Storev. William Ben.son* 
Strawn. Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 

Thorne. Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H. 


$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 
Buchen, Walther 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, O. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 

* Deceased 

Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hoogstraal, Harry 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L. 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Bryon L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1950 
Conover, Boardman 

Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Those who hare cotttribuled $500 to the Mn»enm 

Adler. Max 
Allerton, Robort H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lostor 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, SowplI I.. 

Hahson, HtMiry H. 
Haron, Kdward 

Kic'hardson, Jr. 
Hanks, Aloxandor F. 
Barn hart. Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Rov Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bart let t. Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bonsabott, R. 
BerminKham, Kdward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Bra.s.sert, Herman A. 
Brew.ster, Walter S. 
Browne, .\ldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd. Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus .\. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chat field-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Cro.ssley, Lady Jo.sephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, ?>lward \. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James I). 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, F>rnest A. 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 

Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B.. Jr. 
I)iers.sen, Fer<iinand W. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edwarfi J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Pawing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W., Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
F'ield, NLirshall 
Field. Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, .\lbert W. _ 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hommens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hihbard, ?>ank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin. William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Gwethalyn 

Kelley. Ru.s.sell P. 

King, James G. 

Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
I>ehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford NL 
Levy, Mrs. David ^L 

Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

NLicDowell, Charles H. 
.MacIxMsh, John E. 
.MacXCagh, Fames 
.Madlcner. Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
.Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Mevne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
.Morse, Charles H. 
.Morton, .Mark 
.Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Ormsbv, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert .\L 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honor^ 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Ro.senwald, William 
Rubloff, .Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Jo.seph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon .\. 
Spalding, Keith 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
St urges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thome, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihiein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George L. 

Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wanner, Harrv C. 
Ward. P. C. 
Welch, -Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 


LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 

Conover, Boardman 
Dixon, Homer L. 

Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 

Deceased, 1950 
Glore, Charles F. 
Kidston, William H. 

Winston, Garrard B. 
WooUey, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Newell, A. B. 
Willits, Ward W. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Andrew, Edward 
Coolidge, Harold J. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Gregg, John Wyatt 
Hearne, Knox 

Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Deceased, 1950 
Bennett, Mrs. Irene Stark 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 

Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
AlHn, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 

Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 


ASSoriATK M KM hi: US (Conlinued) 

Babson, Mrs. Ciustavus 
Hachnu'vtT, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Hark, Mi.s.s Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfon.s R. 
BadRfr, Shn-ve Cowlcs 
Baer, havid K. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baor. Walter S. 
HaK^y, John C. 
Hav;j;aIt'V, William Hlair 
Hair. W". I'. 
Hainl, Harrv K. 
Haker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker. G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curti.s 
Bal^emann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
BallenRer, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John \. 
Barber, Phil C. 
BarRiiuist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. 11. 
Barnard, Harrison B. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnett, Claude .A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnuni, Harrv H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, GeorRe 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, P'rederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. p]nos NL 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, George A. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 

Hausch, \\ iiliam ('. 
Beach, -Miss K. 
Beach, K. Chandler 
H.'achy, .Mrs. Walter F. 
Heatty, John T. 
Heck, .MexandtT 
Becker, Benjamin \'. 
Becker, Frederick (L 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. \\. 
Beckman, X'ictor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hul)ert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, P^rancis, II 
Belden, Jo.seph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Prof. 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Philip 
Berry, V. D. 
I^ersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Hertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Hidflle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, NIrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss \'irginia 
Bird, Miss F'rances 
Birk, .Miss Amelia 
Birk, PVank J. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha \'. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 

Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Ble.>vsing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Josr-ph L. 
Block, I>eigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Ix>igh B. 
Block, Philip !).. Jr., Mrs. Sidnev M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Hlum, Harrv H. 
Blunt, J. E.". Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ay res 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, .Arthur H. 
Boha.s.seck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hvman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bonfly, Bert hold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, -Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Horowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, .Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bovnton, Frederick P. 
Brach. Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Mary 



Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, David S. 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
BrowTi, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 

Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. ArmisteadB. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Gary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 

Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
CHthero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Sevmour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 



Cowan, Mrs. Ciracr L. 
Cosvt'ii, Maurict' I.. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
CoyI.>, (\ H. 
CraKK, Mrs. Goofrp L. 
Crane. CharU-s K.. II 
CreanRo, A. L. 
CreK<>. Mrs. Dominica S. 
Cn^rar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Kd^ar 
Cromwell, Juliette 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cudahy, Mrs. Joseph M. 
CumminRs, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curtis, .\ustin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis. Mrs. Charles S. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler. Henrv E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg. Bror G. 
Daily. Richard 
Daley. Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D".\(iuilii. George 
Darho, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David. Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson. David W. 
David.son, Miss Mary F". 
Davie.s, Nlarshall 
Davi.s, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis. Don L. 
Davis. Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Da\'i.s, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 

Deanc, .Mrs. Kuthvcn 
Decker, Charles C). 
DeCosta, !>«'wis M. 
deDardel, Carl U. 
Doe, Thomas J. 
Degen, David 
DcGolver. Rohcrt S. 
D.-L.-mon, H. K. 
Deiph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, F^verett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Denison, .Mrs. John 

Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy. Thomas C. Jr. 
Denney. F^llis H. 
Deslsles. Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch. Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries. David 
Dick, Edi.son 
Dick. Elmer J. 
Dick. Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson. F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson. Mrs. 

Diestel. .Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, .Mrs. William 

Dol)yns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Anna, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnellev. Gavlord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Naomi 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Jo.seph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Dougla-ss, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Drevfus, Mrs. Moise 
Duhbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 

Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, .■Mbert Ci. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, .Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand. Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, FMetcher M. 

Flasterberg, C. J. 
F'a.stman, .Mrs. George H. 
I\aton, J. FVank 
F'.beling, FVederic O. 
F]ckhart, Percy B. 
F>idy, Thoma,s H. 
F^dwards, Miss F^dith E. 
lOdwards, Kenneth P. 
F^gan, William B. 
F^glott, Dr. Gustav 
F^ichengreen, F>Imund K. 
F^iseman, Fred R. 
F^isenberg, Sam J. 
F^i.sendrath. F>iwin W. 
F>isendrath. .Miss F^lsa B. 
Eisendrath. Robert .M. 
Eisendrath. William B. 
Ei.senschiml. Mrs. Otto 
F]isenstaedt. Harry 
F>i.senstein. Sol 
Eitel. Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, -Mrs. Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
FMlbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
F^mmerich, Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth .M. 
F'ngel, Henrietta 
F'ngstrom, Harold 
F>dmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
F>ickson, Donovan Y. 
F]rick.son, James A. 
Eric-son, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson. Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
F>ikson, Carl A. 
F]rnst, Mrs. Ijeo 
Erskine, Albert DeWoIf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
F'vans, Miss .\nna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 



Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 

Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foute, Albert J. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 

Gensburg, Samuel H. 

Gentry, Veit 

Gentz, Miss Margaret 

George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
GifTord, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Goldberg, Philip S. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 


ASSOCIATK MK.MHKliS (Continued) 

C.rafT, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 

Graham, Miss 

MarKan-t H. 
(iramm, Mrs. Hclrn 
GraiiKcr, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, Janios I). 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
GrawoiK, Allen 
Gray, Hr. Karle 
Gray, Kdward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Cordelia 

Greenburg, Dr. Ira K. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman. Mrs. P'arl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tap pan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
GritTenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin I). 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Gro.ssman, Frank L 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Gustafson, Gilbert K. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin NL 
HafTner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, -Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George L 
Hair. T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 

Hale, Mrs. Samufl 
Hales, William .M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall. .Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan. W. J. 
Hallmann. Herman F. 
Halp«'rin, .Xanm 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul NL 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, ("n'orge W. 
Hanli'y, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen. Mrs. Carl 
Hansen. Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson. Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder. John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding. Richard T. 
Harms. VanDeur.sen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington. David L. 
Harris. .Mrs. .\braham 
Harris. David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart. Ma.x A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hart wig. Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, .Sirs. George K. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Haves. Miss Marv E. 
Haynie. Miss Rachel W. 
Hays. Mrs. Arthur A. 
Havslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett. Dr. William H. 
Hazlett. Mrs. William H. 
Healy. Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney. Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst. Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton. Harry E. 
Heaton. Herman C. 
Heck, John 

Hedbcrg, Henry E. 
HelTernan. .Miss Lili 
Hefner, .Aciam 
Heifle, .Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, .Marcus 
Hcinzelman. Karl 
Hfinzen. .Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna. Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller. John A. 
Heller. Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, P^dmund C. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz. Mrs. P'red 
Hertzl)erg. Lawrence 
Herwig. (ieorge 
Herwig, William I).. Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred, E. E. 
Heverly, F'arl L. 
Hibbard, .Mrs. .^ngus S. 
Hibbard, .Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, blaster J. Patrick 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Ru.s.sell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills. Edward R. 
Hind, .Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson. Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman. Harold L. 
HofTmann, F^dward 

Hogan. Robert E. 
Hokin. Mrs. Barnev E. 
Holabird. W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 


Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold * 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 

Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 

Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kelly, William J. 


ASSOCIATK Mi:Min:i;s ^Cuntinned) 

Kemper, Hathaway (i. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kemjiner, Harry H. 
Kemuiier, Stan 
Kendall. Mrs. XirRinia II. 
Keriiirick, John F. 
Keiineiiy, Mrs. K. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kennev, Clarence B. 
Kent, I)r. O. B. 
Keo^h, (lordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. .\uKUst 
Kern. U. \. 
Kern, Dr. N'ichola,s H. 
Korn, Trude 
Kerwin, F^dward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnt)aum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene \V. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Je.ssie J. 
Kimtiall. David W. 
Kimball. William \V. 
Kimbark. John R. 
King. Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Sirs. Arthur G. 
Kin.sey. Robert S. 
Kirkland. Mrs. 

Kitchell. Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 
Kleinpeil, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Koehniein, Wilson O. 
Kohl. Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Mi.s,s I.sabel 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
KraiTt, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft. John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec. Emil G. 
Kralovec. Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Ixtov 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus. Samuel B. 
Kresl. Carl 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 

Herman L.. Jr. 
KroplT. C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W., John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Laflin. Louis E., Jr. 
Latlin, Louis E., Ill 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert. Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane. F. Howard 
Lane. Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langford. Nlrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
La.s,sers, San ford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers. A. W. 
Lavezzorio. Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge. Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O., Dr. Theodore K. 

Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Lay den, Michael J. 
Lazar, .\Iaurice 
Lazear. George C. 
Ix'ahy. James F. 
Ix'ahy. Thomas F. 
Leavell. James R. 
LeBaron. Edna 
I^bold, Foreman N. 
I^bold. Samuel N. 
Lebolt. John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David .-\rthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
I^fens, Mis,s Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
I^eichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leiand. Miss Alice J. 
Leland. Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon. George W. 
Lenz. J. Mayo 
Leonard, .Arthur T. 
Lerch. William H. 
Leslie, I^r. Eleanor I. 
I^slie, John Wood worth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Levin.son, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence 0. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle. Bowman C. 
Lipman. Robert R., Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 



Long, William E. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludo'lph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harrv B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMuUen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 

Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Prof. Harry 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 

Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
MeyerhofI, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Llovd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 



Molluv, David J. 
MoriK, Mrs. C. K. 
Monht'imt'r, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moore, Paul, 
Monro, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss MarRarct 
Morev. Dr. Charles W. 
Morf," F. William 
Morri.son, Mrs. C. R. 
Morri.son, Mrs. Harry 
Morri.son, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Sirs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, SterlinR 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A., Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Mover, E. J. T. 
Mover, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphv, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Xaber, Henrv G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neelv, Mrs. Llovd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Xellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 

Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, .Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nils.son, Mrs. 

(J<iodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

X'aughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harolrl W. 
Norris, Mrs. Ix>ster 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
\ufer. Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hemiien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Janet 
0"Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keelle, William F. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrislev B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Ol.sen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Ol.son, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
OrndolT, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal. A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Jr)seph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 
Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pardee, Harvev S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Paker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Paker, Norman S. 
Parker, Trov L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henrv 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabodv, Miss Su.san W^ 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Sirs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum. A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 



Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Mrs. James 

Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 

Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Rengenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 

Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 


ASSOriATK MKMBKKS {Conthiued) 

Kutledgo, Geo FRO K. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
RvcTson. Mrs. 
'Donal.i M. 

Sarklov, Mrs. James A. 
Sago. \V. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. K. P. 
Sammons, \VhcM>U>r 
Sample, John Glen 
Samnsell, Marshall G. 
SandidRO, Miss 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester V. 
Sargent, John R. \V. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawver, Ainslie V. 
Sawyer. Or. Alvah L. 
Schaeht, John H. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer. O. J. 
SchatTner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schadner. Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna .M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering. Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft. William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, .Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott. Fiobert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder. Mrs. Barrett 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 

Sears, .Miss Dorothy 
Sears. J. .Mden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seav«'rns. Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger. .Mis.s Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, \'ictor 
Seifert. Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Kmil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Kflwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, .Mrs. ('. W. 
Senne, John A. 
ShalTer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. I)avid K., Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Mever 
Sharpe. N. SL 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arrh W . 
Sheldon, James NL 
Shelton. Dr. W. P'.ugene 

Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 

Shepherd. Miss Olive NL 

Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 

Shields. James Culver 

Shillestad, John \. 

Shillinglaw, Davicl L. 

Shire, E. 

Shoan, Nels 

Shorev, Clvde E. 

Short, J. R. 

Shroyer, Malcolm E. 

Shumwav, Mrs. Eflward 

Sidlev, William P. 

Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 

Sieck, Herbert 

Siegel, David T. 

Siemund, Roy W. 

Sigman, Leon 

Silander, A. L 

Silberman. Charles 

Silberman. David B. 

Silberman, Hubert S. 

Sills, Clarence W. 

Silverstein, Ramond 

Sil vert home, George M. 

Simond, Robert E. 

Simonds, Dr. James P. 

Simpson, John M. 

Sincere, Henry B. 

Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 

Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 

Sinsheimer, Allen 

Siragusa, Ross D. 

Siivskinfi, Louis 
Skarrn. Kenneth W. 
Skleba. Dr. Leonard F. 
Sle«'per, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Ellen 

Smith, .Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith. Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, W. Lvnwood 
Smith. Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, .Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P.. Jr. 
Sopkin. Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Jo.seph 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer. Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer. John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William NL 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus. Herman 
Spiegel. Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel. Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, I>eo 

Spooner. Charles W. 
Sprague. Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas L 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle L 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard L 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henrv B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton. A. Forrest 
Steffey, David R. 



Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, James L. 

Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
VanWinkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, WilHam E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 


ASSUCIATK MKMHKRS '<'n..i,nued) 

\\;irr»ri. Waltor G. 
Warsh, L«*<) (I. 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, LauronrcW 
Wassoll, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harrv C. 
Watzek. J. Vv.. Jr. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen W. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, U. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, Georpe 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzell)aum, Louis I.. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin \\. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Wei.sskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Cecilia 
W^ells, Harrv L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Went worth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
W'erner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Thomas H. 

Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Karl .\L 
Wheeler, George \. 
Wheeler, l>eo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, .Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White. Richard T. 
White, Sanford R. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting. Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieiand, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George \'. 
Wilcox. Robvn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, .Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Ruth C. 
Wiikin.son, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Jo.seph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul. Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Kdward Foss 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wil.son, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Lillian ^L 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wil.son, Mrs. Robert E. 

Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Wind.sor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, .Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, .Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood. Mrs. Hettie R. 
Woofi, Kav, Jr. 
Wood. Mrs. R. Arthur 
\\'ond, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Wf)odmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Sirs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young. George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel. Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Abbott, W. Rufus 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Au.stin, E. F. 

Banks, Edgar C. 
Blatchford, Carter 
Bloom, Mrs. I^eopold 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brennwa.sser, S. M. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 

Deceased, 1950 

Coffin, Fred Y. 
Colianni, Paul \'. 
Colvin. Mrs. William H. 
Compton, Frank K. 
Cornell, Dr. P>iward L. 
Curran, Harry R. 

Davis. Dr. Carl B. 

Deneen. Mrs. Charles S. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 

Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 

Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Foster, Volney 

Girard. Mrs. .\nna 
Goehst, .Mrs. John Henry 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 

Hagner, Fred L. 
Hammond. Thomas S. 
Hardie, George F. 
Higgins, John 



Hinkle, Ross 0. 

Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Joyce, Joseph 

Karcher, Mrs. 
Leonard D. 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kintzel, Richard 

Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lurie, H. J. 

Moore, C. B. 
Morrisson, James W. 

Mulligan, George F. 
Musselman, Dr. 
George H. 

Nelson, N. J. 

Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Otis, Ralph C. 

Perry, Dr. Ethel 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 

Russell, Paul S. 

Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C., Sr. 
Spohn, John F. 

Sturm, William G. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 

Templeton, Mrs. WiUiam 
Teter, Lucius 
Thomas, Frank W. 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Vehon, Morris 

Wallerich, George W. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Washburne, Clarke 
Waud, E. P. 

West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Wilson, Percy 
Winston, Mrs. 
Bertram M. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 

Mitchell, W. A. Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Niederhauser, Homer Stevens, Edmund W. 

Phillips, Montagu Austin Trott, James Edwards 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Bingham, Carl G. 
Burke, Robert L. 

Caples, William G. 
Crooks, Harry D. 

Holmblad, Dr. Edward C. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hunt, George L. 

Kroehler, Kenneth 

Laing, William 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Levi, Julian H. 

Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 
McLennan, Mrs. 
Donald R., Sr. 
Moore, Chester G. 

Pope, John W. 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 

Scott, Willis H. 
Seeburg, J. P., II 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Smith, J. P. 

Targes, Joseph 

Williams, Rowland L. 
Wilson, D. H. 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Edmund B. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 

Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adam, R. R. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 

Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 


ANMAL MKMnKKS K^oudnued) 

Addison, Mirhaol E. 
Adrsko, Mrs. 

Thinidt'us V. 
Adsit. Harold C. 
Agar, Mrs. John T. 
Agar, Mrs. Stearns 
AKuiiialdo. Mi.s,s Carmen 
Alhad.'. Wells T. 
.MbifZ. Cieorge 
AlbriRht, Mrs. Ivan 
Alderdyce. P. I). 
Ale.ssio, Frank 
Alfjer, Frederick W. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allen, Mrs. T. George 
Allincham, N'orman C. 
Alton, Rf)hert Le.slie 
AmherR, Harold V. 
.\mberg, Mary 

.\nieismaier, Julius 
.Vmerican, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, George C. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
.\ndresen, Hilniar A. 
.\nning, H. K. 
.Anthonv, Miss Helen 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Arado, A. D. 
Arden, Percy H. 
ArnkolT, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvev, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin .M.. Ill 
Atwood, Carl K. 
Auerbach, Henry B. 
Augustiny, Edward D. 
Austerlade, William R. 
.\ustin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bach man, E. E. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baer, .Vrthur A. 
Bailey, Warren G. 
Baird, E. E. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baldwin, C. M. 

Baldwin. John R. Walsh 
Balfanz. Henrv W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Barbee, Beatrice 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard. Albert T. 
Bar<l. Ralph .Austin, Jr. 
Bard. \{i>v E. 
Hardwell," William U. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, Charles P. 
Barker. E. C. 
Barker, James M. 
Harkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barnow, David H. 
Haroody, K. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barron, Maurice J. 
Barry, Gerald A. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bart holomay, William, Jr. 
Bart let t, George S. 
Bartoli, PVter, Charles, O. D. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman. P. J. 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Baumgardncr, H. L. 
Baxter, C. R. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beall. R. M. 
Beamsley, Foster G. 
Bean, F'errel M. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Beaven, Joseph C. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Becker, David 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Benedek, Dr. 
Benesch, .Mfred 
Ben^tson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 

Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, .Myron M. 
Bennett, R.J. 
Bennett, Richard M. 
Bennett, Robert C. Jr. 
Bensinger. Robert F. 
Benson. .Arnon N. 
Benson. .Martin E. 
Benson, Miss Mildred W. 
Here, Lambert 
Berg, F.ugene P. 
Berger, R. O. 
BfTgfors, Emery E. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berner, (ieorge 
Bernstein, George E. 
Beutel, Henrv J. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bianco, Mrs. Mildred M. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell. Dr. Charies L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Bigelow, Miss 

Florence E. 
Biggio, Mrs. T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird. Miss Anne 
Birk, Meyer 

Birmingham, Frederic A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Ruth 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black. E. D. 
Black. John D. 
Blackburn. John W. 
Blaine. James B. 
Blair, John P. 
Blair. Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick, Mrs. Frank J. 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blecha, Miss Loraine 
Blitzsten, Dr. X. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Mrs. I>eon D. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 
Bodfish, Morton 
Bohlin, Ivouis E. 
Boitel, A. C. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Mrs. Paul H. 


Bonfig, Henry C. 
Bonk, Joseph E. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Boothby, Donald 
Borinstein, Marcus E. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borland, William F. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Both, Mrs. WilHam C. 
Bouris, George C. 
Bourke, Dr. Henry P. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Harlowe E. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, B. W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Boyer, Miss Olga C. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 
Jane Marian 
Bradley, Charles C. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brady, Harold 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Braun, Martin H. 

Breckinridge, Miss Mary 

Breen, James W. 

Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 

Brennan, B. T. 

Brennan, John C. 

Brenza, John B. 

Breslin, Dr. Winston L 

Brice, Mrs. Edward 

Brichetto, John L. 

Bridgeman, Wallace C. 

Briede, Henry J. 

Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 

Briggs, George L. 

Briggs, J. H. 

Briggs, Ralph E. 

Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 

Brock, Edson M. 

Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 

Brooks, Edward P. 

Brown, A. P. 

Brown, Adelbert 

Brown, Alexander 

Brown, Baird 

Brown, Cameron 

Brown, Garfield W. 

Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, William W. 
Browning, John T. 
Bruce, A. D. 
Bruce, Harley N. 
Bruce, Ralph R. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruckner, Frederick J. 
Brugaletta, John 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bruns, Herman H. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Brye, Edvin 
Buchanan, J. H. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Budd, John M. 
Budlong, Robert Davol 
Bulk, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burnap, Carl 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, J. Forbes 
Burns, O. R. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burris, Miss Mary H. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Burton, OHver M. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Byerrum, R. O. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Callan, T. J. 
Calvin, Frank J. 
Cameron, Anson W. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camp, Mrs. Ruth Orton 
Campbell, Charles H. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 

Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, John B. 
Cantwell, L. Yager 
Capek, Charles A. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlington, William M. 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carney, Robert F. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, Albert 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Casey, C. L. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cassinerio, Mrs. Edna D. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cedarburg, Miss 

Blanche C. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, T. R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chappell, V. F. 
Chase, Edward G. 
Cheskin, David B. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Chinn, M. E. 
Chirich, Zarko 
Chor, Dr. Herman 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Cilella, Alfred J. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clancy, Gates W. 
Clancy, John D., Jr. 
Clark, Claude T. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, James H. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, Miss O. M. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 


AN.NL AL MKMUKKS U'untinued) 

Clarke, Mrs. Thilip R. 
CU'riu-nson, Harry \\ . 
Clements, J. A. 
Cleveland, Chaster \V. 
eleven, Peter H. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, C). \V. 
Clizhc. Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick. Ht'rhort J. 
Cloud, Marion I). 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Cobl)e>', J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, Marion W. 
Coleman, Harry M. 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. P>ank P. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Karle M., Jr. 
Condee, Elbridge H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Consoer, Arthur \V. 
Cook, David C, III 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Cooperman, Lynn 
Corbett, Oliver J. 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Corey, Ernest F., Allen G. 
Cornelius, Mrs. R. W. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crage, Dr. Francis M. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crean, Dr. C. L. 
Cremer, Carl 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew, Ben L. 
Crofoot, Mrs. Mary 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Crowley, C. A. 

Crowley, S. J. 
Culbert.son, James (J. 
Cullinan, CJcorge J. 
Culpepper, Dr. 

William L. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Syflney K. 
("ummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Edward AL 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummins, Dr. 

George .\L, Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cunningham, Robert .M. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Dahl, William G. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, J. Philip 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, David K. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, David 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
DeCosta, H.J. 
Dee, P. J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Defrees, Donald 
Dekker, Louise 
Delafield, Richard M. 
DeLong, J. I. 
DeMotte, R. J. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Deuell, Mrs. Thomas 
Deverv, John J. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Airs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton O. 
Dickens, Robert Sidney 
Dickerson, Earl B. 

Diehl, E. E. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Neal V. 

Dillon, W. M. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Di.xson, Mrs. V. B. 
Dobkin, I. 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doderlein, Roger W. 
Dodson, Rev. Dwight S. 
Dolan, Tom 
Doike, W. Fred 
Donahue, f'lmer W. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dorpols, P>ank L. 
Dor.sey, John K. 
Dos^, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dougla.s-s, F. S. 
I), Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dowd, Mrs. FVank J. 
Downing, Dr. James R. 
Downs, Mrs. Cecil James 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, Alice M. 
Drago, Ann 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, L. J. 
Draper, Henry P. 
Dre.s.sel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Drummond, John M. 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
Dudak, Paul 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, R. Gregory 
Durham, R. J. 
Duval, Dr. I>mile C. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 

Earl, Howard Granger 
Earland.son, Ralph O. 
Early, Preston H. 
Eben, Mrs. A. Bradley 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eddv, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edel.son, Dave 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 



Egan, A. J. 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elmer, Miss Lulu S. 
Elson, Alex 
Emch, Arnold F. 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Arthur C. 
English, Miss Frances C. 
English, Roger M. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Essley, E. Porter 
Estey, F. Clifford 
Etheredge, Gilbert 
Evans, Thomas W. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fager, Raymond Alton 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farin, Sheridan E. 
Farmans, Dr. Michael S. 
Farmer, Dr. Chester J. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Mrs. Arthur 
Faulhaber, John M. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Ferguson, J. F. 
Ferguson, H. K. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fiala, Joseph F. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fifer, Russell 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finlay, Henry A., Jr. 
Finlav, James H. 
Finn."B. L. 

Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fischer, Mrs. Robert J. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, C. P. 
Fisher, G. Howard 
Fisher, Ira L 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzpatrick, James J. 
Fitzpatrick, W. J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, R. F. 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Foley, Frank J. 
Foote, Eric C. 
Forth, Milburn L. 
Fortin, Joseph T. 
Foss, Allan A. 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Rev. George A. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, George E. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Fredrick, Erwin G. 
Freeman, Charles Y., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Friedman, J. L. 
Frothingham, Mrs. 

Naneen R. 
Fugard, John R. 

Fuhrer, Max 
Fuhrv, Joseph G. 
Fuller, C. C. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaiennie, L. Rene 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Gallauer, William 
Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Gamrath, Elmer H. 
Gans, Mrs. Doris 

Gardner, Miss Blanche 
Gardner, Fred F. 
Garman, Earl M. 
Garrick, Dr. Samuel 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatenby, John W., Jr. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Geiger, Joseph S. 
Geis, George D. 
Gekas, John C. 
Gelder, Miss Madeline 
Gendel, Paul 
Genther, Charles B. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerow, Theron G. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gianaras, Alec K. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gilchrist, C. T. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Girvin, Ramon B. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glassford, Gordon L. 
Glatte, Havden A. 
Glen, Harold V. 
Glick, Louis G. 


ANNIAI. MKMHKRS {Continued) 

Glover, Chpsier L. 
(lohli'. G. B. 
Goblt", Lawn'ru-e E. 
Goder, Joseph 
Godey, John W. 
Goes,' Otto W. 
Goessele, John H. 
Gootz. Carl 1-. 
Golan, Sanun'l 1-. 
(ioldhiTK. Bert rand 
Golden, .Mrs. Sainufl M. 
(;oldirh, David K. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldstein, Hr. Ahraliain 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldlhorp. Or. Ellswortli 
Golman, Joseph J. 
GoniberK, Or. Harry 
Gonnertnan, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodhar, Harrv L. 
Goodhart. Mrs". H. J. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William D. 
Goodrich, .Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Goodwin, Ma.xwell A. 
Gordon, .Mrs. Arthur 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leonard 
Gordon, Dr. .Marion Lee 
Gordon, Milton 
Gordon, Xorman 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Grafts, Herbert 
Grape, William 
Graham, Hrrett O. 
Graham, John L. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Gray, A. S. 

Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Norman C. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Greig, Dr. H. Wallace 
Grein, Joseph 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grinnell, Robert L. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, F. A. 

(irosl)erK, Charles 
( I rove, C. G. 
Grove, Helen H. 
Gruen<lel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Grunlee, Sigwald C. 
(iudis, Theodore B. 
Gumbinger, Mi.<« Dora 
Gurley. F. G. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, S. .\shley 

Hachmeister, .\. W . 
Haddad, Gt-orge .1. 
Haddow, William 
Haeger. E. H. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagg, .Arthur H. 
Hagstrom, Jo.seph G. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Mrs. James J. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Cameron A. 
Hall. Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harrv 
Hall. Louis W. 
Halperin, .Arthur 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill. Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, .Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammel, W. F., Jr. 
Hammond, Dr. Re.x D. 
Hammond, William NL 
Hampson, Philip 
Handtmann, G. E. 

Mildred L. 
Han.sen, Helmer 
Hanson, Miss NLirion 
Harbinson, David K. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardv, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 
ILirman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, .Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Nei.son 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 

I a pshaw, .Mvron T. 

lart, .Mrs. IL G. 

lart, Louis E. 

lartman, .Mrs. Irvin H. 

lartman, Milton C. 

Lirtung. Mi.s,s Elizabeth 

larvey, Byron S. 

iarvev, George W., Jr. 
Harvey, .Mrs. Harold B. 

larvey, James D. 

lasbrook, Howard F. 

Liskell, Clinton H. 

Liskins, Robert E. 

laskins, .Mrs. William J. 

Ia.s.sell, Warren S. 

Listings, .Mrs. James E. 

Listv, Llovd 

Lit field. W. A. 

lathawav, .Mrs. 
Carter "H. 

I at t is, Robert E. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 

iaubrich, Harold F. 

Liupt. Henrv H. 

Liuser. Dr. Emil D. W. 

Liusman. Dr. Charles ^L 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawley, Frederick W., Jr. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank .\L 
Haynes, Gideon, Jr. 
Haynes, John Thompson 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynes, Louis F. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Head, James D. 
Heald, Mrs. Henrv T. 
Hechler, Mrs. William D. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedlv, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heinze, .Mrs. Be,ssie 

Helgason, .\rni 
Heller, H. (L 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, G. B. 
Henderson, Kenneth NL 
Henke, Frank X.. Jr. 
Hennemever, Dr. 

Rudolph J. 
Henner, H. L 
Henner, Dr. Robert 



Hennessey, William S. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hildebrand, Walter H. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodgman, Charles R., Jr. 
Hoefer, Max 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, Mrs. L B. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Hollingbery, Mrs. 

George P. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Adrian O. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Homan, Joseph 
Homan, Max 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Henry, Jr. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
House, Woodford W. 

Howard, Mrs. Edith 

Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Jonathan T. 
Howell, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Howson, L. R. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huber, Andrew V. 
Huch, Herbert F. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humm, Mrs. Charles E. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William 0. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 

George A., Jr. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Huxtable, Miss Barbara 

Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 

Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 

Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacky, Frederick 
Jacoias, Nate 
Jacobson, Egbert 
Jager, Dr. Elizabeth 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jesmer, Julius 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Julius 

Johnson, Miss Mayde B. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
John.son, Sidney R. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Judd, Mrs. Willis W. 
Julian, John A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampen, Lambert 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karpen, Leo 
Karras, Sidney G. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kaye, Harry 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kearney, E. L. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keehn, L. D. 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keenev, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kellar, Herbert A. 
Keller, L C. 
Keller, J. E. 
Keller, M. J. 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, G. H. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kellv, Charles Scott 
KellV, T. L. 
KellV, Mrs. T. L. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, James H. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, L. B. 


ANNl AL MKMHKliS {Conlinued) 

Ki<lwi-ll. Uichard K. 
Kilht-rry. F. U. 
Kilhourn, Mi'^s Ruth 
Kilf\v. Dr. Matthew .1. 
Kimball, Paul (1. 
Kimball. Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimcs. (lorald C. 
KiMK. H. R. 
KiriK, •'■ .ViKlrpws 
Kins. Wilfr.'d J. 
KiiiK. Willard L. 
Kin^;han1, .1. .1. 
Kipp, LcsttT K. 
Kirl)y, Dr. William, Lyman R. 
KlaRstad, Han)l<l L. 
Klapman, Philip \. 
Klawans, Lrslio H. 
Klofstad, Sievort 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. F^mest L. 
Kleinfeld, J. Laurence 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Kiutznick, Mrs. 

Philip NL 
Knell. Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knisht, Lester R. 
Knourek, William NL 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John ^L 
Kno.x, Merrill B. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolhe, P>ank F. 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Koliar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Kort, George 
Ko.s, Victor A. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. .1. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kraflt. Walter A. 
KraR, Franz K. 
Kramer, Herman J. 
Krane, I>eonard J. 
KrasberR, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krautter, L. ^Ll^tin 
Kre.sge, NL L. 
Krez, I^onard O. 
Krider, E. .\. 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Krogh, E. E. 
Kroll, Harry 

Kroll, .Morris 
Krotter, .Miss Nellie \\. 
KruRRcl, .Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Mis.s Katherine 
Kuehn, ()swal<i L. 
Kuhticn, .Mrs. (leorgc H. 
Kuhns, .Mrs. H. B. 
Kuyper, Cieorge A. 

Lacey. Clara R. 
Lachman, Hamlfj 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Landis, Sidney 
Lane, (Jeorge .A. 
Lane, Howard 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, \. d. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langen, Ray 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. ^L 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, .Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch. Harrv 
Lash, Dr. A". F. 
Lavezzorio, \. J. 
Law, ^L A. 
Lay ton, Lewis 
Leahy, George J. 
Leander, Rus.sell J. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lee, .Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, Noble W. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Lehr, .\rthur 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leighton, Robert 
Iveindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Leilo, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Arthur G., Jr. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Levin, Louis 
I>evin, Robert E. 
lyevine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 


Sigmund W. 
I>ewis, B. F. 
I.K'wis, Mrs. Walker (J. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lifv«"ndahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lind. Charles P. 
Lindar. .Mrs. Albert J. 
Linfli'll, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linflsey, Dr. Maude L. 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, I^ichard H. 
Linn, Joseph NL 
Linthicum, J. Franci.s 
Lipman, .Abraham 
Lippincott. R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Jo.seph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Littman, Ben.son 
Llewellvn, Mrs. K. 
Lloyd. Carl S. 
Lloyd, Georgia 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Loeb, Mrs. G. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Logelin, Edward C, Jr. 
Lome, Philip 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosii, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther NL 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Loughead, Ruth 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
I.K)ve, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Low, John NL 
Lowrey, Forest R. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Luflolph, .Arthur L. 
Lund, Harry A. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyons, Philip 



MacDonald, Mrs. 

Victoria D. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, John J. 
Mack, Joseph 
Mackenzie, Wentworth 

MacKenzie, William J. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Gustav V. 
Magnuson, Hugo E. 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahler, L H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. 0. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Manz, George R. 
Manzelmann, George F. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marqua, P. J. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Mrs. John 

Sayre, Jr. 
Martin, Mrs. Leroy 
Marx, Archibald B. 
Maseng, Trygve 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Wolfgang 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, Henry T. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
May, Sol 

Maybrun, Arthur E. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McBurney, Kenneth 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCallister, James 

McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloud, Miss Edna W. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCollum, John P. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDermott, Franklin 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDuffie, George J. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McErlean, Charles F. 
McGuigan, James V. 
McGuire, F. Willis 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McGuire, Thomas P. 
McHenry, Irving 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Dwight 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKee, William F. 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaughlin, Luke Yore 
McLaughlin, William J. 
McLean, Dr. Helen 


Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, William L. 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Miss Margie 
McNear, Everett C. 

McNerney, Frank J. 
McPherson, David C. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McWilliams, J. E. 
Meadors, Roy O. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megahey, Rev. Thomas J. 
Mehaffey, Robert V. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meistrell, Frank J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Menendian, Dr. Rose 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Mesirow, H. G. 
Metcoff, Eli 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Alfred C. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michael, C. H. 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Earl A. 
Miller, Ernest P. 
Miller, Gilbert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Mahlon D. 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, Willard M. 
Miller, William H. 
Milles, Leo H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Minor, R. R. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Mitchell, Harry L. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 



Mizfn, F'rpderic 

Modrne, Oscar V. 
Mciench, Miss Malinda 
Mohn, Mrs. H. Harold 
MolL-ndorf. J. D. 
Molt.T, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Mooro, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiali J. 
Moore, Kenneth \V. 
Moore, Lucien \V. 
Moore, Malcolm H. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, John T. 
Moreland, Jam(>s C 
Morey. Albert A. 
Morgan, P>ed C. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Morrissy, Eugene V. 
Morrow, C. Allen 
Mortvedt. Rev. Ariel O. 
Mo.ssman, John K. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moustakis, Linton G. 
.Mudd. Mrs. J. A.. Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, C. G. 
Muench, Hans 
Muhs, G. F. 

Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lvle 
Muntz, Earl W. 
Murchison, T. E. 
Murdough, Thomas G. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Morgan F. 
Murrav, Edwin A. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William NL 
Nlusick, Philip Lee 

Nabat, A. S. 
Xachman, H. S. 
NalTz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
N'au. Otto F. 
XetT. Ward A. 
Nel.son, Arthur W. 
Nel.son, Charles ^L 
Nelson, F^arl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri K. 

Nelson, R. E.. Jr. 
Nemer, Fred 
Nesbitt, Fred 11. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Nettnin, U'R.)y H. 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newton. Dr. Roy C. 
Nice, Dr. 1^'onard B. 
Nicholson. Dr. F. .\L 
Nielsen, Aksel 
Nikopoulos, Georgi' .\. 
Ni.sen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guv L. 
Nolle, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norman, (lustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Novotny, Richard R. 
Noyes, W. Hamilton 

Oberfelder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harrv A. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edwarrl H. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor. P. K. 
O'Connor, P. T. 
Odell. Jo.seph R. 
Ogden. Walter Headden 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn. Rev. John J. 
O'Keefe. John F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, ?]dward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Ol.sen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Oscar W. 
Ol.sen, Sigurd 
Ol.son, Albert M. 
Ol.son, Benjamin Franklin 
Ol.son, H. Ed.sall 
Omara, E. IL 
O'Neal, Wendell 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary NL 
Osborn, Cyrus R. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
OssendorfT. Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 

O'Sullivan, James J. 
Overen«l, Robert B. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Pacholke, Fred 
Painter, Sliss Marguerite 
Pallasch, I'aul V. 
Palmer, Curtis H. 
Palmerton. Mi.'vs R. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, P:dith P. 
Parker, I^ee N. 
Parrott, George H. 
Parsino, Mrs. James 
Patch, A. Huntington 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, William F. 
Patti, Dr. Angelo R. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paulev, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Pay.son, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearson, Miss Agnes M. 
Peck. Constance L. 
Peck. Nelson C. 
Pederson. Alfred S. 
Peirce. NIrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Pendergast. Frank 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perlman, Dr. Henrv B. 
Perlman, L B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Fredus N. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Petersen, Niels 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettingell, C. D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Ptlager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Era.'^tus R. 
Phelps, William Henrv 
Phillips, Mrs. Howard C. 
Phillips, John Ward 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pickering, John E. 
Pier, H. .\L 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 


ANNUAL MEMBERS {Contitiiied) 

Pike, Wayne S. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Pletsch, George B. 
Pletz, S. R. 
Plocek, J. Louis 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Poole, Arthur B., Jr. 
Poore, Robert W. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Mrs. S. Austin 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porte, James J. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Howard L 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Prada, William R. 
Praed, William G. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preus, J. A. O. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, Owen N. 
Priest, David 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Purcell, Dr. James W. 
Purdue, Miss Maude 
Purdy, John P. 
Purinton, Dr. Robert F. 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenbush, E. W. 
Quam, James P. 
Quan, John B. 
Queen, John W. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 
Dorothy W. 
Ragland, John M. 

Ragland, T. C. 
Rambeau, William G. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rau, John M. 
Rauh, Morris 
Ray, Harold R. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Paul C. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redding, George H. 
Reddy, Mrs. Philip J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reese, William D. 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reich, Dr. Jerome B. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reid, Bryan S., Jr. 
Reilly, David J. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiner, John S. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rentfro, Dr. Charles C. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Ressler, Harold B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reynolds, Milton 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 

Richards, Miss Irma L. 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Rivenes, A. I. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Roach, O. R. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Harlow P. 
Roberts, J. K. 

Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Alan S. 
Robinson, Dr. M. J. 
Robinson, Thomas G. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, Burke B. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogan, Walter E. 
Rogers, Mrs. Hopewell L. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Roll, Earl D. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronayne, James F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, George 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, John W. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Mrs. 

Maurice L. 
Rowley, Fred C, Jr. 
Rowley, William F. 
Rozmarek, Charles 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubin, Edward P. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Rudolph, Walter D. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Ruhnke, George 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Daniel B. 
Ryan, P. F. 
Ryder, F. W. 
Ryerson, Anthony M. 


ANNUAL MKMHKHS (ronlhnted) 

Saalfi'M. Harry H. 
Saariru'n, W. 
Sabin, Klx'n T. 
Saijcr, Mrs. S. Norman 
Sarit>riii, James V. 
Salomon, Ira 
Saltari'lli, Dr. Gabriel 
Salt id. Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampst'll, Mrs. Joseph C 
Saimu'ls, HeMJamin 
Sanborn. Mrs. V. C. 
San<h>l. Sirs. Clara 
San<lrok. Kdwani (I. 
Sant"ilip|)o. Joliii 
SatiKiiippo, Dr. Paul D. 
SanK. nernani (1. 
SanK. Philip D. 
Saucrman, John \. 
SawioUi, Mifhaol J. 
Savers. Mrs. A. J. 
Savre. Dr. Loren I). 
Scala. HuRo R. 
Soalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scanlan. Thomas P. 
Soarborough. Mrs. Henrv 
Sc-haar, B. E. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
SchatTner, Arthur B. 
SchatTner, Miss Marion 
Soheiner, Miss Clara A. 
SchitT, Max 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina I-]. 
Schlichter, Dr. Jakub G. 
Schlo.ssberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, John 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Palmer F]. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schraeder, Harry H. 
Srhrager, Charles E. 
Schroeder, I/eo E. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz. Ralph E. 
Schulman. Harry 
Schultz. Chester H. 
Schultz. W. Norman 
Schultz. William H. 
Schulz, George H. 

Schulze, Paul, Jr. 
Schumaker. E. C. 
Schureman. Jean E. 
Schuttler. .Mrs. Peter 
Schutz. Reuben .M. 
Schuyler, E. H. 
Schwartz, A. A. 
Schwartz. Edward H. 
Schwartz. .Milton H. 
Schwartz. Nathan IE 
Schwartz. Dr. Sti'ven C). 
Schwarz. Fred M. 
Schwemm, Earl .M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick IE 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott. Dr. Winfield W. 
Scovel. Harold F. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. William M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry E. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Mvron M. 
Selby, J."F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Se.xton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Walter S. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaykin, Dr. Jacob B. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, JefTrev 
Sheldon, Walter M.. Jr. 
Sheridan. Eeo J. 
Sherman. H. C. 
Shlopack. Wallace B. 
Short. William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shreve, C. E. 
Shuman, John R. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieger, Joseph F. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverstein. Milton 
Simpson, Bruce E. 
Sims, P'rank S. 
Sims, Paul K. 

Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Alt)ert H. 
Singer. William A. 
Sinnerud. Dr. U. P. 
Sit tier, Edwin C. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Skirrow, Fred W. 
Sklar. N. Raoul 
Skoner, Chester 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slifka, George C. 
Slindee, Edward A. 
Sloan. William F. 
Sloup. Frank J. 
Smart. David A. 
Smerge. Raymond A. 
Smick. Robert W. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith. IE Kellogg 
Smith. Harold A. 
Smith. John F.. Jr. 
Smith. Joseph Herbert 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Snite, John T. 
Snow, Eendol D., Jr. 
Snvdacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Soilitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somes, J. J. 
Soule, I>eo N. 
Soule, M. M. 
Spacek, I>eonard P. 
Spark, David I. 
Sparr, Mrs. Caroline H. 
Spaulding, Raymond C. 
Spear, A. E. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spencer. William N. 
Spiegel, Dr. I. Joshua 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Will.son 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Springer, Clement F. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
StatTel, Henrv E. 
StafTelbach, Earl T. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahmer, George F., II 
Staller, Joseph H. 
Stamford, John 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stanley, J. Paul 
Stanton. Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Eyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 



Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stathas, P. P. 
Staudt Mrs. Louis 
Steelman, Berton J. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steen, Prof. Julian J. 
StefTen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stephens, Paul 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, E. W. 
Stevens, George A. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, W. Ellis 
Stewart, William Scott 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoddart, William M. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storms, North 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Frederick A. 
Strodel, F. A. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stuenkel, Leon H. 
Stuermer, Ray 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swain, David F. 

Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swift, Nathan B. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvanus, Alfred 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Dr. Emmy 
Sylvester, Miss Maria P. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szymanski, Dr. 
Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Mrs. Gertrude C. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tatman, George R. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taussig, Noah William 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Edward L. 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Reuben C, Jr. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Tegarden, J. E. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tennev, Henry F. 
Thiele^ George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thiry, George F. 
Thomas, G. fruman 
Thomas, Lee B. 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. Mac 
Thompson, Bert A. 
Thompson, Mrs. 

Florence S. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard O. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thome, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Timmings, G. H. 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 

Toepper, Edward F. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Trager, D. C. 
Traub, A. C. 

Traut, Bernard H. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William B. 
Traynor, William 

TrefTeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tucker, Irwin R. 
Tucker, J. C. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 
Tyrakowski, Steven S. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Urban, Andrew 
Urban, Dr. H. J. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanBuskirk, M. G. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
VanderKloot, Nicholas J. 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanDyk, S. A. 
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha 
VanKampen, A. H. 
VanMell, Herman T. 
VanNatta, V. R. 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
VanStraaten, Herbert 
VanVoorhies, Rousseau 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogel, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Vydra, Frank C. 
Vye, George P. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wade, Albert G., II 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 



W'aldfck, Herman 
WaMman. Dr. AlluTt (I. 
Wales. Robert M. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred (). 
Walker, Frederick W., Jr. 
Walker, lieno R. 
Walker. Wendell 
Wall. Dr. Frank J. 
Wallace, Charles Ro.'W 
Wallen.stein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein. David B. 
Wallvrren. Kric M. 
Walters, (larv (1. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Krnest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterstreet, W. Xeal 
Wat kins, Frank A. 
Wat ling, John 
Watson. David R. 
Watson, Xorman E. 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henrv J. 
Wearv, Allen M.' 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber. Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Wehmeier, H. A. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weiler, C. J. 
Weiner, Charles, S. J. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weisbrod, Ma.x field 
Weismantel, Miss A., Alexander 
Wei t man, W. E. 
Weitzel. Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wellin, Harold 
Wells, C. A. 
Wells, F. Harris 
WelLs, Frank C. 
Wells, Henry L. 

Barrett, Oliver R. 


Wendt. JMiuin H. 
Wenholz. Walter W. 
Wenninger. William C. 
Wescott, Dr. \irgil 
West, Jame.s D. 
West brook. Charles H. 
We.sterlin, .Mrs. J. M. 
Wetmt)re, Horace (). 
Wetten. Walton 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Sevmour 
Wheelock, Ellen P. 
Whipple, Ciavlord C. 
Whipple, .Mrs. .M. Cox 
Whipple, .Miss \'elma D. 
Whiston, Frank .M. 
White, William J. 
Whitelock, John H. 
Whitfield, (leorge B. 
Whit more, Lvh' S. 
Whitnell. William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Wholey, Mrs. Leota 

Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Mrs. Edwin G. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilk, Arthur E. 
Wilk, Dr. ClilTord M. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nel.son W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, .Mrs. 

Allan C., Jr. 
Williams, Jay C. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, Ru.s.sell V. 
Williamson, Henry T. 
Williamson, John T. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willott, Mrs. Adele 
Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilmarth, Donald G. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wil.son, H. Fred 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Dr. William 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 

Deceased, 1950 
Bas, Marvin J. 

Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Charles S., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, James E. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Witt, Earl J. 
Wolchina, R. P. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolfe, Hubert J. 
WollT, Frank C. 
WoIlT, Oscar .M. 
Woofi, Eflward W. 
Wood, William A. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woofison. William T. 
Woodward, .Arthur H. 
Woodyatt, Dr. RoIIin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, Lawrence A. 
Wooster, Charles C. 
Worthy, .Mrs. James C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisiey, George A. 

Vates, John E. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H., Jr. 
Vouker, Mrs. Claude W. 
Youmans, Mrs. M. A. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. H. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 


Genevieve A. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zangerle, A. .Arthur 
Zaus, .Mrs. f^arl A. 
Zehr, Ores K. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, .Arthur F. 
Zolla, Abner NL 
Zurcher, Mrs. Victor K. 

Byfield, Ernest L. 


Connolly, R. E. 

Dempsey, John S. 
Dillbahner, Frank J. 

Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 

Ganey, Miss Helen M. 

Hardy, Edward K. 
Hills, Charles W. 

Jarvis, William B. 
Jolly, John W. 
Joseph, Albert G. 

Kinnett, D. H. 

Larson, Elis L. 
Lichty, E. P.^ 
Lochridge, W. F. 

McNally, Frederick L. 
Mills, Ben 

Petersen, M. H. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 

Randall, Frank A. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 

Schenker, Ben W. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Smith, H. S. 
Stahl, Felix B. 

Witkowsky, James 


Articles ot Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State . 

To All to Whom Thfxsk Presents Shall Come, Greetinc: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowleflged having been filed in the 
(iffire of the Secretary of State, on tho Ifith dav of September, A.D. 1.S93, for the 
orKanization of the "COLrMni AN MrSKl'M OF CFIICACO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April IS, 1S7"J, and in force July 1, 1S7J, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Xoir, therefore, T. William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and fluties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSP:rM OV CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Te.<timonii Whereof, I hereto .set my hand and to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of SprinRfield, this lf5th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thou.sand eight hundred and ninety-three, anfl of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

(Seal) Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General A.ssembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the pre.servation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid mu.seum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Tru.stees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Aver, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Da\'is, 
Charles L. Hutchin.son, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock. 
Emil G. Hirsch. Jame.s W. Ellsworth. Alli.son V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker. John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Mu.'^eum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams. C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman. F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. W^alsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. IDole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois i 

y- SS. 

Cook County ' 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th dav of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended B\'L.iws 

DECEMHKii. 1945 


Skction 1. .Mi'ml)(>rs shall he of twolvp classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, \on-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trust(H>s at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person name<i in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($120.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent .service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the E.xecutive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent .ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by nrtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Mu.seum, may be elected a Benefactor of the ^Iu.seum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important .service to the Mu.seum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
(ILOOO.OO) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the .sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life .Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Mu.seum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Mu.seum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Mu.seum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 


honorary trustees 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of rpsidpnco, or for other cause or frnm indHpn^ition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall rcsiKH his place upon th«' Hoard, may he «'lecte(i, by a majority of those 
prt'sfnt at any rt'^ular mrn'tinR of the Hoani, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trusttf will ren-ive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or sn<'cial, and will be exp«'ctefl to he present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an ilonorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 


Skction 1. The otliccrs shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an A.ssistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being neces.<<ary to elect. The President, 
the First \'ice-Presid(>nt, the Second Vice-President, anri the Third Vice-President 
shall be cho.sen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Sectidn '2. The otRcers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and f|ualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. \'aoanc"ies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform .such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and .such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section L The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as. the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The .securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
.same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow to and deliver any or all .securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Mu.'jeum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to .sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the .securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Mu.^eum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be neces.sary, and (b) to any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees de.signated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with .such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Sa\nngs Bank of Chicago shall be Cu.s- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the ab.sence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Pre.sidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in ofRce until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the oflicial medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 


Section L There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
a.s may become its pr()p<'rty. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reportinR its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Commit tiH> is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selecterl by it. 

Skotion 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all builrlings u.sed for .Nluseum 

Sbotion 7. The Executive Committee shall be calle<i together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider nece.ssary, or as he may be re<jue.sted to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Mu.seum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the l)eginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fi.xed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the .Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the P>xecutive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
en.suing December meeting and voted upon at the following .■Vnnual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Mu.seum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Mu.seum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, re.searches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publiratinns, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section "J. The By-Laws, and likewise the .\rticles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, pro\'ided the 
amendment shall have been propo.sed at a preceding regular meeting. 


UNIVtnSfTY Of «.L»«0«» UBBANA 

3 0112 084204988