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Chicago Natural History Museum 


Member of the Board of Trustees since 1932 
Member of the Executive Committee and Finance Committee 


Report of the Director 

to thi 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1951 




AUG 1 3 1952 





Former Officers 10 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1951 12 

List of Staff, 1951 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 21 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 22 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

Department of Anthropology 30 

Department of Botany 38 

Department of Geology 47 

Department of Zoology 55 

Library 63 

Motion Pictures 66 

Photography and Illustration 67 

Public Relations 67 

Publications and Printing 69 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 84 

Financial Statements 87 

Attendance and Door Receipts 89 

Accessions, 1951 91 

Members of the Museum 101 

Benefactors 101 

Honorary Members 101 

Patrons 101 

Corresponding Members 102 

Contributors . . . . 102 

Corporate Members 103 

Life Members 104 

Non-Resident Life Members 105 

Associate Members 105 

Non-Resident Associate Members 119 

Sustaining Members 119 

Annual Members 119 

Articles of Incorporation 133 

P Amended By-Laws 135 


John P. Wilson, Trustee frontispiece 

Coming to the Museum 9 

Chicago Natural History Museum 18 

At the Movies 22 

Portable Exhibit, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Objects from Tularosa Cave, New Mexico 30 

Clay Figurine from Mexico 33 

Country around Tularosa Cave 37 

Tillandsia 40 

Paco Fruits 43 

Rhynia 46 

Izalco 48 

Earthquake, El Salvador 50 

Gold and Associated Minerals 53 

Ancient Marine Animals 54 

Red-tailed Catfish 57 

Spectacled Cobra 59 

Bushman 61 

Special Exhibit 68 

Student Assistant 73 

Junior Nature-Students 75 

Shield of Crow Indians 79 

Museum Book Shop 85 











Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr 1946-1951 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894, 

Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 

Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 

Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912, 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 

Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 

Henry Field,* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

John Borden, 1920-1938 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 

James Simpson,* 1920-1939 

Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 

Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 

Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 

Boardman Conover,* 1940-1950 

Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 

* Deceased 


Officers^ Trustees^ and Committees^ 1951 




Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. FentonI 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert H. Wetten 
John P. Wilson 

Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
Henry P. Isham 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, 
Albert H. Wetten, Henry P. Isham 

Building — Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 

* Resigned, 1951 
t Retired, 1951 


List of Staff, 1951 








Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, Executive Assistant 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Alexander Spoehr, Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 

Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 

Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Curator, Herbarium 

George A. Davis,* Assistant, Herbarium 

3. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Sidney F. Glassman,* Assistant, Cryptogamic Herbarium 
E. P. Killip, Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Hugh C. Cutler, Curator, Economic Botany 

* Resigned, 1951 












Llewelyn Williams, Associate, Forest Products 

J. S. Daston, Assistant, Botany 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Preparator 

Mathias Dones, Preparator 

Phyllis Wade,* Departmental Secretary 

Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 
Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 
Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 
Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 
George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 
R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 
Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Henry Horback, Preparator 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 
Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 
John Conrad Hansen, Artist 
Joanne Neher, Departmental Secretary 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

Rudyerd Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, Assistant, Reptiles 

LoREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

♦Resigned, 1951 















Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Laura Brodie, Assistant 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant Taxidermist 

DOMINICK Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 

Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Mary P. Murray,* Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 

Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

George Steinhardt,* Assistant 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
June Buchwald 
Lorain Stephens 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Sharpe 
Anne Stromquist 

* Resigned, 1951 













Paul G. Dallwig 


Meta p. Howell, Librarian 

Louise Boynton Denison, Administrative Assistant 

Classification and Cataloguing: 
Dawn Davey, Classifier 
Eunice Marthens Gemmill, Classifier 
M. Eileen Rocourt, Classifier 


Audrey Greeley, Reference Librarian 

Ruth Debus,* Reference Librarian 

Winifred E. Weissman,* Assistant Reference Librarian 

Bindery and Stacks: 
Boris Ivanoff 

William A. Bender, Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Jessie Dudley, in charge 

Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 

Elsie H. Thomas,! Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 

H. B. Harte 

Christine Tardy, Assistant 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

John Bayalis, Photographer 
Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 

* Resigned, 1951 
t Retired, 1951 







John W. MoYER,t in charge 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 

James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. NoREN, Assistant Superintendent 

William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 

George Woodward, Captain 

tOn leave 



Chicago Natural History Museum (formerly Field Museum of Natural History) faces 
Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive. It is open every day except Christmas and 
New Year's Day and may be reached by elevated or surface railways, South Shore 
and Illinois Central suburban trains, or bus. There is ample free parking space. 

Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1951. 

The year will be remembered for the many important accessions 
of notable scientific collections received by the various departments 
of the Museum. We were especially fortunate in obtaining from 
the Carnegie Museum its entire reference collection of exotic fishes, 
a collection that more than doubles the number of our type specimens 
and adds some forty thousand specimens. A gracious gift from Mrs. 
Sherman C. Bishop and her daughter, Mrs. Daniel W. O'Dell, 
brought to us the outstanding collection of salamanders accumulated 
by the late Dr. Bishop of the University of Rochester. This gift 
was made to this Museum in recognition of its pre-eminence in the 
field of herpetology. Subsequently the University of Rochester pre- 
sented to us its own collection of amphibians and reptiles, which, 
to a large extent, had been collected by Dr. Bishop. Of more than 
usual importance was the accession of the famous Bernhauer Collec- 
tion of staphylinid beetles. Arrangements were completed for the 
purchase of this collection in Vienna, Austria, from Dr. Use Himmel, 
daughter of the late Dr. Max Bernhauer, and at the close of the 
year Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, was on his way to 
Europe to supervise the details of packing and shipping. This col- 
lection consists of perhaps one hundred thousand specimens that 
include types of from four to five thousand species. The Division 


of Insects was fortunate also in obtaining the collection of mordellid 
beetles purchased from Eugene Ray, a specialist in this group, and 
the collection of about ten thousand rove beetles presented by Dr. 
Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate. 

Outstanding acquisitions in the Department of Botany are repre- 
sented by the extensive collections of North American and European 
cryptogams purchased from Dr. P. 0. Schallert, of Altamonte 
Springs, Florida, and the large herbarium of European lichens, 
containing many types, purchased from Dr. Camillo Sbarbaro, of 
Genoa, Italy. Both of these collections were obtained for the 
Museum through the Elmer J. Richards Fund. After prolonged 
negotiation, the Department of Anthropology received more than 
one thousand specimens of Mexican antiquities through an exchange 
with the National Museum of Mexico. Not only is the collection 
itself of great archaeological value, but also it is especially pleasing 
to the Museum to note the cordial co-operation of the officials of the 
National Museum of Mexico. In return, this Museum sent archaeo- 
logical and ethnological specimens from our collections from North 
America as well as from our outstanding collections from Oceania. 
A noteworthy acquisition that came to the Department of Geology 
was the paleobotanical collection received from the Walker Museum 
of the University of Chicago. Again the Museum is pleased to note 
the cordial co-operation of a friendly neighboring institution. This 
splendid addition will give world-wide coverage to the Museum's 
collection of fossil plants from the Paleozoic to Tertiary times. 
These accessions and others are more fully described under the 
headings of the scientific departments. 


Stanley Field, president of Chicago Natural History Museum, was 
re-elected at the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees in January 
to serve for his forty-third consecutive year. All other officers were 
likewise re-elected. They are: Marshall Field, first vice-president; 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., second vice-president; Samuel Insull, Jr., third 
vice-president; Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, 
secretary; and John R. Millar, assistant secretary. Mr. Dick later 
resigned as second vice-president although he continued as member 
of the Board of Trustees and member of the executive and finance 
committees; Henry P. Isham, Trustee, was added to the executive 
committee; and Howard W. Fenton retired from the Board of 
Trustees because of ill health. 



The total number of Members on the Museum roster at the close of 
1951 was 4,771. The Museum thanks its many friends who, as 
Members, have helped to support its scientific and educational 
activities. It is hoped that those who found it necessary to discon- 
tinue their memberships will soon again enroll as Members and 
resume their association with the work of the Museum. The number 
of Members in each membership classification on December 31, 1951, 
was as follows: Benefactors — 24; Honorary Members — 8; Patrons — 16; 
Corresponding Members — 6; Contributors — 176; Corporate Members — 
40; Life Members — 159; Non-Resident Life Members — 17; Associate 
Members — 2,247; Non-Resident Associate Members — 12; Sustaining 
Members — 24; Annual Members — 2,042. The names of Members of 
the Museum during 1951 are listed at the end of this Report. 


The number of students visiting the Museum in the spring and fall 
months continued to increase in 1951 as the result of more use of 
community resources than ever before in school planning. School 
busses from all over Illinois and surrounding states brought children 
to us in great numbers. In May, 1951, for example, the Museum's 
total attendance was 107,078, and of this number 34,047 (approxi- 
mately 32 per cent) were in organized school groups on school days. 
The largest student-group of the year was 1,500 delegates to the 
National Congress of 4-H Clubs on their annual visit to the Museum. 
These students, who came from every state, Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto 
Rico, and Canada, are among our most enthusiastic visitors. Organi- 
zations using the Museum for meetings included the American 
Society of Mammalogists and the American Society of Ichthyologists 
and Herpetologists for their thirty-first annual meetings, the Lepi- 
dopterists' Society for its second annual meeting, the Chicago Ornitho- 
logical Society, the Illinois Audubon Society, the Kennicott Club, 
and the Nature Camera Club of Chicago. The total number of 
visitors at the Museum in 1951 was 1,251,752, an increase of 78,091 
over the number for the preceding year. Of the total number, 
1,118,412 were admitted without charge — visitors on free days and 
those admitted free on all days (children, students, teachers, Mem- 
bers of the Museum, and officers and enlisted men of the armed 
forces). For comparative attendance statistics and door receipts 
for 1950 and 1951, see page 89. 



The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation continued 
to assist students, teachers, and groups of children to understand 
and enjoy the Museum exhibits and activities. Its program, con- 
sisting of tours, illustrated lectures, motion-picture programs, 
printed stories, and extension lectures in the Chicago public schools 
is always changing and widening to meet the needs and requests of 
teachers, students, and children. One extension lecture, "The 
Indian and His Art," was completely revised and is now illustrated 
with an all-color motion picture. A new series of film-tour programs 

Children see a summer'morning program in James Simpson Theatre of the Museum. 


was offered to fit particularly into the courses of study of the Chicago 
public schools and for general adaptation to the Cook County public 
schools. "Plant Adventurers" and Nature Magic," two series of 
Museum Stories for Children, were published and given to the 
children attending the Saturday morning motion-picture programs 
for children. The supervisory staff of the Chicago public schools 
held its January, 1951, monthly meeting in the Museum to learn 
more about the educational services available to schools. These 
principals and supervisors were told briefly about the various activi- 
ties and programs planned especially for students, saw the Museum 
film, "Through These Doors," and were given short tours of Museum 
exhibits most useful to school groups as well as a preview of the 
new hall of historical geology (Hall 37, Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall). 
Perhaps this meeting and the new series of tours and programs for 
schools helped to bring about a much greater use of the Museum by 
the Chicago public schools during this year than has been evident 
since 1941. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, follows: 

Activities within the Museum 

For children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls . 



. 1,081 






Lectures preceding tours. . 
Motion-picture programs . 

Total 1,165 57,110 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls . . . . 
Lectures preceding tours . . . 



. . 141 



Extension Activities 

Chicago public schools 

Elementary schools 

Suburban schools 







Total for Raymond Foundation 1 

. . 1,725 




The Museum lectures held on Saturday afternoons in March, April, 
October, and November as an additional educational offering of the 
Museum were attended by 14,655 persons. An effort is made to 
bring to our platform authoritative speakers working in any of the 
sciences within the scope of the Museum, but the difficulty of bring- 
ing variety and originality into lecture series that have been estab- 
lished for more than half a century can well be imagined. Further, 
the necessity of variety is emphasized by the fact that to a great 
extent the audience remains unchanged year after year. It is most 
encouraging to receive letters and telephone calls expressing appre- 
ciation for certain lectures, and helpful suggestions are welcome. 


The Layman Lecturer of the Museum, Paul G. Dallwig, continued 
his popular course of Sunday afternoon lectures with an ever-in- 
creasing demand for tickets so that by the end of the year there 
was a waiting list of 2,330. It is regretted that limited space in the 
halls of the Museum restricts the number of tickets issued. In 
order to accommodate as many as possible of those applicants who 
could not be given tickets, Mr. Dallwig presented additional lectures 
on December 22 and December 29. Again the Museum thanks Mr. 
Dallwig for the contribution of his unique services. 


On the evening of October 1, the Museum held its first official 
Members' Night. On this occasion Members were invited to come 
to the Museum to see the new motion-picture, "Through These 
Doors," which tells the Museum's story, to preview the new Hall 
of Fossil Invertebrate Animals and Fossil Plants (Hall 37, Frederick 
J. V, Skiff Hall), and to visit any or all of the laboratories and 
workrooms on the third and fourth floors. The research collections, 
which contain from thousands to millions of specimens of various 
kinds, were available for inspection. More than one thousand 
persons attended, and almost all of them expressed regret that the 
evening was far too short to permit them to cover their entire range 
of interests. This special event is one of the ways in which the 
Museum is trying to express its appreciation to its loyal Members 
for their helpful interest and support. 



Under the will of the late Boardman Conover, Trustee and Research 
Associate, the Museum received $50,000 to establish the Conover 
Game-Bird Fund. Elmer J. Richards, of Chicago, added $10,000 to 
the Elmer J. Richards Fund for the purchase of cryptogamic speci- 
mens, and Donald Richards, Research Associate in Cryptogamic 
Botany, gave $4,000 to the Donald Richards Fund, also for the 
purchase of cryptogamic specimens, and $1,000 to establish a fund 
for travel and cryptogamic research. Walther Buchen, of Chicago, 
gave $7,500 for zoological purposes; S. C. Johnson and Son, Incor- 
porated, of Racine, Wisconsin, again gave $4,000 for research on 
wax-bearing palms; and Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, of Lansing, 
Michigan, added $1,750 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleonto- 
logical Fund. The Museum received $9,000 from Stanley Field, 
president, to be added to the Stanley Field Special Fund; $250 from 
C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, a Patron of the Museum; $1,000 
from an anonymous friend; $360.40 from the estate of Mrs. Abby K. 
Babcock; $648.52 from the estate of Martin A. Ryerson; and 
$6,666.67 from the Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Real Estate Trust. 
Memorial gifts of money from Miss Margaret B. Conover and Mrs. 
Eugene S. Talbot, of Chicago, were added to the Conover Game-Bird 
Fund. Other gifts of money were received from Peder Christensen, 
Seattle; Henry S. Dybas, Hazelcrest, Illinois; Edward B. McGuinn, 
Evanston, Illinois; Clarence B. Randall, Trustee of the Museum; 
Karl P. Schmidt, Homewood, Illinois; Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, 
Division of Birds; Rupert L. Wenzel, Oak Park, Illinois; and a 
number of anonymous givers. 

In recognition of her contributions and services, the Board of 
Trustees elected Mrs. Stanley Field, wife of the president of the 
Museum, a Benefactor. Donors who have given to the Museum 
$1,000 to $100,000 in money or materials are elected Contributors 
by the Board of Trustees (see page 102 for names of Contributors). 
Contributors elected in 1951 are: Mrs. Sherman C. Bishop, of 
Rochester, New York, and Mrs. Daniel W, O'Dell, of Ithaca, New 
York (gift of Bishop Collection of salamanders) ; Charles B. Cory, Jr., 
of Homewood, Illinois (gift of ornithological books) ; Dr. Charles H. 
Seevers, of Homewood, Illinois (gift of collection of rove beetles); 
and James Witkowsky, posthumously elected (a bequest). A com- 
plete list of gifts of materials from individuals and institutions in 
1951 is appended to this Report (see page 91). Some of the collec- 
tions of especial interest or value are described under the headings 
of the scientific departments. 



A special exhibit on peoples of the United States Trust Territory 
and Guam, held in Stanley Field Hall during December, presented 
a series of water colors and drawings by Joseph Feher and photo- 
graphs by Raymond Sato (assembled and lent by the Honolulu 
Academy of Arts) and illustrative material from the Museum col- 
lections. Other special exhibits during the year were "Song Birds 
of America," a series of twelve paintings by John Atherton (by 
courtesy of John Morrell and Company, of Ottumwa, Iowa); a 
pictorial mural map of Alaska by Muriel Hannah (by courtesy of 
Northern Consolidated Air Lines of Anchorage); paintings and 
drawings of Museum exhibits by students of the Junior School of 
the Art Institute of Chicago; the First Annual Amateur Handcrafted 
Gem and Jewelry Competitive Exhibition, sponsored by the Chicago 
Lapidary Club; and the Sixth Chicago International Exhibition of 
Nature Photography, held under the auspices of the Nature Camera 
Club of Chicago and the Museum, 


The program of lending Museum exhibits to Chicago schools through 
the Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension con- 
tinued in normal operation in 1951. Each public elementary and 
high school of Chicago received on loan thirty-four portable Museum 
exhibits of natural-history material. Every tenth school day Harris 
Extension trucks delivered two exhibits to each school in exchange 
for the two that they had left at their previous visit. This exchange 
of exhibits in regular rotation among the schools assures that there 
will be no repetition in any one school over a period of several years. 
Since its establishment as a Department of the Museum, Harris 
Extension has prepared and maintained more than one thousand 
portable Museum exhibits and has made them available to Chicago 
public schools to supplement the teaching of natural science. The 
cases can be carried from classroom to classroom for direct study 
and discussion, or they can be displayed in the school library or 
another room accessible to the entire school body. 

Over the years many denominational and private schools and 
other Chicago institutions have made application for Harris Exten- 
sion service and, after demonstration of their needs and satisfactory 
guarantees of safe care and adequate utilization of the circulating 
exhibits, have been added to the list of public schools receiving 


Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist, N. W. Harris Extension Department, 
finishes red-fox exhibit for which Artist John Conrad Hansen painted the background. 

service. When the Hst totaled 514 at the close of the 1950-51 

school year, it was clear that, with reduced staff, the preparation 
of new exhibits was not possible at a rate that would accommodate 
a growing circulation list. Accordingly, at the beginning of school 
in September, the policy was adopted of adding to the circulation 
only newly opened public schools. Special requests for additional 
instructional material have been increasing somewhat during recent 
years. Many of these requests come from suburban schools not 
eligible for regular Harris Extension service. Fifty-one special 
requests were filled in 1951. Two- thirds of these loans were of 
bird-skins or mounted birds. In the course of the year, thirty-three 
of the standard portable exhibits were damaged in circulation, two 
of them by fire. One hundred and seventy-one cases were repaired 
in the workshop. Field work of staff members consisted of short 
trips in the Chicago area for the purpose of collecting botanical and 
zoological specimens from which to make reproductions for future 
exhibits and to take color photographs for the assistance of the 
artists who make the habitat groups for Harris Extension. 



E. P. Killip, distinguished botanist and lately retired head curator 
of the department of botany of the United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C., was elected Research Associate in Phanerogamic 
Botany by the Board of Trustees. John W. Moyer, Chief of the 
Division of Motion Pictures, was given a leave of absence, effective 
August 16, to accept a temporary appointment in the foreign service 
of the Department of State of the United States. On February 1, 
Mrs. Elsie H. Thomas, who had been employed by the Museum 
since 1922, retired from her position of Recorder. In order to 
maintain our association with him, D. S. Rabor of Silliman Uni- 
versity, Philippine Islands, visiting Guggenheim Fellow in Zoology, 
was made a Field Associate on the staff of the Department of 
Zoology. Ronald J. Lambert and Carl W. Cotton, Assistant Taxi- 
dermists, were promoted to Taxidermists; Celestino Kalinowski, 
of Marcapata, Peru, was appointed Assistant Taxidermist; and 
Miss Laura Brodie was given the title of Assistant in charge of 
Illustrations in the Department of Zoology. E. Leland Webber, 
Assistant Recorder, was made Executive Assistant to the Director 
of the Museum. Miss Audrey Greeley was appointed Reference 
Librarian, and Boris Ivanoff was placed in charge of stacks and 
bindery. Miss Christine Tardy was appointed Assistant in Public 
Relations following the resignation of Mrs. Helen R. Gordon, 
who had been secretary in the Division of Public Relations for 
thirteen years. Other resignations during the year were: George A. 
Davis, Assistant, Herbarium; Miss Ruth Debus, Reference Librarian; 
Dr. Sidney F. Glassman, Assistant, Cryptogamic Herbarium; Miss 
Mary P. Murray, Assistant, Scientific Publications; George Stein- 
hardt. Assistant, Department of the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension; Miss Phyllis Wade, Secretary, Department of Botany; 
and Mrs. Winifred E. Weissman, Assistant Reference Librarian. 

It is with regret that I record the death on April 7 of John 
Anderson, employed by the Museum as a carpenter in the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology and in the Division of Maintenance from 
1920 until his retirement on pension in 1942. 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help 
during the year. Names of some of them are included in the List 
of Staff at the beginning of this Report. Other volunteers are: 
Department of Botany — Miss Margaret Feigley, Dr. George D. 
Fuller, Philip Garrett, Jack Reeves, Floyd E. Swink, Archie F. 
Wilson; Department of Geology — Mrs. George Langford, Miss Nancy 
Robertson; Department of Zoology — Harry Nelson. 



The Museum conducted eighteen expeditions and field trips in 1951. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. Expeditions and field trips of 1951 and 
their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology: Southwest Archaeological Ex- 
pedition — Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Department of Botany: Cuba Botanical Expedition, 1950-51 — 
Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus; Florida Botanical Field 
Trip — Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits; Southwest Botanical Field 
Trip — Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany; Texas 
Botanical Field Trip — Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

Department of Geology: Eastern States Paleontological Field 
Trip — Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes; Oklahoma 
Paleontological Field Trip — William D. Turnbull, Preparator; Ten- 
nessee Paleontological Field Trips — George Langford, Curator of 
Fossil Plants; Texas Paleontological Expedition — Bryan Patterson, 
Curator of Fossil Mammals; Wilmington (Illinois) Paleobotanical 
Field Trips — Curator Langford 

Department of Zoology: Colombia Zoological Expedition, 1H8- 
51 — Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals; Co-opera- 
tive Field Work with United States Fish and Wildlife Service in Gulf 
of Mexico — Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes; Field Work for Cave 
Fishes — Curator Woods; Mexico Zoological Field Trip— Clifford H. 
Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles; United States Navy 
Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt, 19^9-51 — Harry Hoog- 
straal (in charge of Sudan Substation), Field Associate, Museum 
representative; West Africa Zoological Expedition, 1950-51 — Harry 
A. Beatty, of New York 

Chicago Natural History Museum (and Instituto Tropical 
de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad Autonoma, El Salvador) : 
Salvadorean Project — participants in 1950-51: Botany, Dr. Norman 
C. Fassett, professor of botany. University of Wisconsin; Geology, 
Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology; Zoology, Dr. Austin L. 
Rand, Curator of Birds 


Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The Southwest Archaeological Expedition continued its long-term 
research-excavation program in west-central New Mexico. The 
goal of this program is a complete delineation of the Mogollon 
culture, a newly discovered civilization. During recent years Mu- 
seum archaeologists have uncovered some of its history — namely, 
that dating from the beginning of the Christian era down to about 
A.D. 1000, but the record is far from complete and woefully lacking 
in many details. From knowledge of the area gained by exploring 
the country by car and on foot and horseback, it seemed evident 
that Pine Lawn Valley (near Reserve, Catron County, New Mexico) 
had been occupied several millenia before A.D. 1. The excavations 
in Tularosa Cave in 1950 (described in the Annual Report) bore 
out this assumption and yielded a rich harvest of archaeological 
data. In analyzing these data, however, it became apparent that 

These juniper'berry skewers, reed cigarettes filled with tobacco (the earliest reported 
use of tobacco), and wooden dice— objects dating from A.D. 200 to A.D. 800— are 
among materials recovered from dry caves in New Mexico by Museum expeditions. 


the materials in many categories (spear-throwers, sandals, bows and 
arrows, clothing, textiles, corn, beans, squash, to name some) were 
too few to permit reliable analyses, comparisons with similar materials 
from near-by and distant areas, and statistical manipulation. 
Further excavations in another dry cave, Cordova Cave, were 
therefore planned and carried out. 

At this point it is well to explain why so-called "perishable 
materials" (that is, materials that would disintegrate if not protected 
from weather — clothing, objects of wood and fiber, fur, and the 
like) are so important. Suppose that one wanted to study American 
culture in its entirety and that the only available reference for this 
study is a large mail-order catalogue. If the catalogue were com- 
plete, the student would have first-class source material. He would 
know something about how we dressed, amused ourselves, recorded 
time, practiced agriculture, and built houses. He could even make 
inferences concerning our religious and social organization, density of 
population, and more. But suppose that this catalogue is mutilated 
and that all the pages describing perishable items (leather, cloth, 
fur, hair, hides, wood, rubber, paper) are irretrivably lost. The 
student would then be faced with the impossible task of describing 
a culture on the basis of the few remaining items. This situation 
confronted our archaeologists because the sites that had been 
exposed to centuries of weather produced only artifacts of stone, 
bone, and baked clay — materials that could give only an incomplete 
picture of the culture of the Mogollon peoples. 

Therefore during 1951, Cordova Cave, a thousand feet above the 
San Francisco River Valley and near Reserve, New Mexico, was 
completely dug, a large kiva in an open site was half excavated, and 
a reconnaissance was conducted. The field season occupied the 
months of June through September. Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief 
Curator, in charge of the expedition, was assisted by Dr. John B. 
Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology; Miss Elaine Bluhm, 
Assistant; Thomas P. Alder, photographer; and Arnold Besser, Miss 
Katherine Marjorie Kelly, and Miss Elizabeth Morris (student 
assistant from Antioch College). 

Cordova Cave was probably occupied from about 1000 B.C. to 
A.D. 1 — a significantly shorter time than was Tularosa Cave, which 
was lived in for almost two thousand years. A great fire that occurred 
in Cordova Cave during the Pine Lawn period (150 B.C.-500 A.D) 
destroyed many of the precious objects that our archaeologists 
sought and apparently caused the Indians to shun the cave there- 
after except for temporary camping. For these reasons (fire and 
shorter span of occupation), fewer perishable specimens were re- 


covered from this cave than from Tularosa Cave, but some valuable 
specimens were unearthed that, when added to the 1950 collections, 
will aid materially in solving some of the problems that have been 
especially puzzling to our archaeologists. 

The positive contributions to the knowledge of the Mogollon 
culture were many and valuable: (1) Several hundred tools of stone 
from the Cochise period (before 500 B.C.) were recovered from well- 
defined layers. Since these layers can be relatively dated, it is now 
known when certain tools of stone came into use and went out of 
fashion — a sequence that was previously lacking. This knowledge 
will enable us to date early stone tools recovered by future explora- 
tions. (2) The stratigraphy or dating by position of Cordova 
Cave corroborated that of the 1950 season. (3) Some artifacts not 
previously known from the area were unearthed, namely, new 
types of projectile points, a new sandal type, and painted tablitas. 
(4) Evidence of Apache occupation was found in the top layer of 
the cave. This consisted of a cache of horse(?)-hides and basketry. 
From this information it will be possible to place the date of the 
Apache occupation of the Reserve area relative to other cultures. 
At the moment it appears probable that the Apaches entered the 
area some centuries after its abandonment by the Mogollon people. 
When the specimens are completely analyzed, more information will 
be forthcoming; but on the basis of only a few hundred specimens 
from two caves, positive and specific conclusions are, of course, not 
possible. Only in a most general way can one hazard a guess that 
the associated complex of traits of the Mogollon culture was similar 
to those traits possessed by many of the ancient tribes of the Great 
Basin or Intermontane area (Oregon and Utah southeastward to 
northern Mexico). 

In addition to the work in Cordova Cave, two other important 
projects were carried forward. One was the partial excavation, 
under the direction of Miss Bluhm, of a large ceremonial room 
situated in an open site. Such a structure is usually referred to as 
a kiva, and on the basis of information derived mainly from Indians 
it is assumed that such a structure was a sacred place in which 
secret ceremonies were conducted. Since this kiva is unique in 
Pine Lawn Valley, it was chosen as a valuable spot for operations. 
The actual excavation of such a large structure (30 feet long, 25 
feet wide, 7 feet deep) was a slow, arduous task because the walls 
of masonry had toppled into the structure. About 1,000 cubic 
yards or about 150 tons of dirt and rocks were removed with wheel- 
barrows. Work will be completed next season, but it is possible to 
say now that the kiva may fall into the latter part of what we call 


Head of a large clay figurine (A.D. 500 to A.D. 800) from Veracruz, Mexico, is 
one of the antiquities received in an exchange with the National Museum of Mexico. 

the Reserve period and may date from about A.D. 1050 or A.D. 1100. 
The other undertaking was a reconnaissance for new sites in 
western New Mexico and in east-central Arizona. Dr. Herbert C. 
Taylor, Jr., of Western Washington College, Bellingham, Washing- 
ton, formerly a teaching assistant at the University of Chicago, 
was in charge of this work, which was sponsored by the Department 
of Anthropology, University of Chicago, and was tailored to dove- 
tail with the intensive investigations carried on by the Museum. 
Dr. Taylor spent ten weeks on this project, operating within a 
radius of eighty miles from the Museum camp, and found 75 sites 


of major importance. The analysis of the survey is yet to be made, 
but a few tentative conclusions may be drawn from the data: (1) The 
late manifestations of the Mogollon culture (Reserve phase) cover a 
large area — much larger than we had formerly realized. (2) The 
culture-complex known as Mimbres extends at least as far north- 
west as Glenwood, New Mexico. (3) The region east of Springer- 
ville, Arizona, was a cultural transition zone between the Puebloan 
and Mogollon peoples. The results of the survey will be ready for 
publication in 1952. 

During the year Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic 
Ethnology, continued preparation for publication of his report on 
the Anthropological Expedition to Micronesia, 1949-50, which will 
be issued in two parts: one on the ethnology of contemporary 
Saipan and the other on the prehistory of the Marianas as revealed 
by the archaeological survey and excavations conducted by Curator 
Spoehr on Saipan, Tinian, and Rota. In July he studied docu- 
mentary material at major libraries in the eastern states in con- 
nection with the preparation of the report. This research was made 
possible by a Grant in Aid awarded to him by the Social Science 
Research Council. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, continued research in 
North American ethnology in connection with the exhibition pro- 
gram. Particular emphasis was placed on an examination of 
materials collected from the Crow, Blackfoot, Assiniboin, Plains 
Cree, Plains Ojibwa, Plains Sioux, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Kiowa, 
Kiowa Apache, Comanche, Ute, Paiute, Panamint, Shoshone, 
Paviotso, Flathead, Bannock, Kutenai, Wasco, Klickitat, Yakima, 
and Nez Perce tribes. He completed a report on Indian trade-silver 
east of the Mississippi and is preparing a description of the Museum's 
collection of thirty-five portraits of Indians and western scenes 
painted in oil by George Catlin during the period from 1831 to 1837, 
a collection that is significant because it has been intact as a collection 
since 1837. A number of the portraits (among them "Smoke, Ponca 
Chief," "Wolf, Mandan Chief," and "White Cloud, Sauk and Fox 
Chief") have been placed on permanent exhibition in Mary D. 
\ Sturges Hall (Hall 5, Indians of the Woodlands and Prairies). 

\ Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and 

Archaeology, continued his study of the collection excavated in 1946 
by the Archaeological Expedition to Peru and brought nearly to 
completion his report on this work. In connection with his activities 
as a member of the committee on carbon- 14 dating of the American 
Anthropological Association and the Geological Society of America, 
he made a stratigraphic and statistical analysis of Middle and 


South American carbon-14 dates that was incorporated in the 
detailed report published by the Society for American Archaeology. 
Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, continued 
research in craniometry of the Pacific regions. The books by Curator 
Hambly on craniometry that have been published by the Museum 
are Cranimetry of New Guinea, Craniometry of Amhryn Island, and 
Cranial Capacities, A Study in Methods. "Craniometry of Malekula 
and New Calidonia" is in manuscript, and "Craniometry of the 
Solomon Islands and New Ireland," last of the series, is in prepara- 
tion. A bibliography of African anthropology (a supplement to 
Source Book of African Anthropology, Museum Press, 2 volumes, 
1937) is awaiting publication. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
collaborated with Chief Curator Martin in preparing a report on 
the excavations during the summer of 1950 of Tularosa Cave and, 
for use in this research, made a graph showing the fluctuations in 
pottery-type popularity in the various occupation levels of the 
cave. He also assisted John W. Moyer, staff cinematographer, in 
the completion of a unified story of the excavations, including several 
laboratory sequences taken in the Museum. During the summer he 
assisted Chief Curator Martin in the excavation of Cordova Cave, 
and after his return from the field in the fall he started a precise 
analysis of the stone and bone artifacts from the summer's excava- 
tions preliminary to a report on the season's work. 

Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate in Malaysian Ethnol- 
ogy, worked at the Museum during the month of August on the 
Bukidnon collection from the Philippines, on which he is preparing 
a monograph. Research Associate Cole collected the Bukidnon 
materials in 1910 when he went to the Philippines for the Museum 
on the R. F. Cummings Philippine Expedition. At that time he 
was Assistant Curator of Malayan Ethnology at the Museum. 

Accessions— Anthropology 

At the end of the year the long-pending exchange with the National 
Museum of Mexico was completed. As a result of this transaction 
the Museum has received an extensive collection of Mexican antiqui- 
ties consisting of 1,126 specimens ranging in age from the second 
millenium before Christ to the Spanish Conquest. Included is a 
representive selection of figurines and pottery from the Archaic cul- 
tures of the Valley of Mexico; pottery, figurines, and ornaments 
from the various phases of the Classic cultures of Teotihuacan and 


Monte Alban; and pottery, ornaments, and stone sculpture from 
the Toltec and Aztec cultures of the Late period. The prehistoric 
cultures of western Mexico and the Mexican Gulf Coast are also 
represented. This collection, which was selected to supplement the 
Museum's Middle American collections and fill gaps in them, will 
be important in the future reinstallation of Hall 8 (Archaeology and 
Ethnology of Mexico and Central America). Archaeological and 
ethnological specimens from North America and Oceania were ex- 
changed for the Mexican collection. This is the largest and most 
important anthropological exchange carried out by the Museum in 
many years. The exchange will benefit both this Museum and the 
National Museum because now only by exchange could the two 
museums have acquired collections of this size and quality. 

Rearrangements— Anthropology 

The work of rehousing the extensive collection of prehistoric and 
recent textiles from many parts of the world was completed during 
the year by Roger Grange, assistant. Previously the textiles were 
scattered according to tribe and area in various badly overcrowded 
storerooms where they were not readily available to the staff or to 
visiting students. The textiles are now arranged in a single room 
in steel cases containing flat wooden drawers so big that only the 
largest specimens need be folded. Fragile textiles are laid on card- 
board and covered with clear sheets of polyethylene plastic that can 
be removed for close study of the textiles and for photography, an 
arrangement that permits sorting and examination of the specimens 
without damaging them. Ample work tables and excellent fluores- 
cent lighting make the textile room an ideal place to conduct research. 
The textile collection in its new housing has already been put to 
good use by students of textiles. 

Exhibits— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby nineteen new 
exhibits (including one diorama) were completed during the year 
by Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist, and Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist, 
with the assistance of Walter C. Reese, Preparator, and John 
Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer. Six of the new exhibits were installed 
in Mary D. Sturges Hall (Hall 5), thus completing this hall, which 
was opened to the public on May 1. The new hall shows the culture- 


types of the North American woodlands and prairies as they were 
in historic times (1700-1900). The thirteen remaining exhibits were 
installed in Hall 6, which, when complete, will contain more than 
fifty exhibits (including four dioramas). This hall is divided into 
three sections: Indians of the Plains, Intermountain tribes showing 
Plains influence, and Indians of the California culture area. During 
the year some twenty additional exhibits were planned and laid 
out for installation in the new hall in the first half of 1952. 

From the pinccovered mountainous country surrounding Tularosa Cave, a dry cave in 
Apache National Forest, New Mexico, plants were collected for comparison with 
the many specimens excavated from the cave by Museum archaeological expeditions. 


Department of Botany 

Research and Expeditions 

During the year Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Her- 
barium, continued his exploration and studies of the flora of middle 
Central America, devoting his time to collections in Honduras, one 
of the countries whose vast flora still is imperfectly known. Part 
of December, 1950, was passed in the Department of Ocotepeque, 
on the borders of Guatemala and El Salvador, where no botanical 
work had ever been done. Exploration in 1951 in the central depart- 
ments of El Paraiso and Francisco Morazan resulted in a collection 
of some 3,200 specimens that include many species and several genera 
of flowering plants new to the Honduran flora and a satisfactory 
number of species new to science. Study and determination of this 
material and preparation of descriptions of the new species of these 
and other collections required a great deal of time. Curator Emeritus 
Standley determined also a large collection of Mexican and Central 
American plants made more than fifty years ago that was forwarded 
from Chicago to Honduras for this purpose. Other plants likewise 
sent from Chicago for study included an extensive collection made 
in Chiapas, Mexico, by Dr. Margery C. Carlson, of Northwestern 
University, and smaller ones from Costa Rica transmitted by the 
Museo Nacional of San Jos^. Some progress has been made in 
preparation of a dictionary of useful plants of all Central America 
and a complete catalogue of the whole Central American flora. 

The Curator Emeritus of Botany, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, continued 
his studies of Copernicia palms. With the aid of the S. C. Johnson 
and Son P\ind, two visits were made to Cuba. On the first and 
more extensive of these, in the early months of the year, localities 
in Matanzas and Las Villes provinces were visited briefly on the 
way eastward from Havana to Camagiiey. This year, as well as 
on various former occasions, the savanas readily accessible from this 
provincial capital proved to be the most important localities dis- 
covered. Camagiiey also serves as the most convenient point of 
departure for explorations in the general region of greatest Copernicia 
concentration, which extends into the adjacent easternmost province, 
Oriente, where more work is planned for 1952. Much new palm 
material, notes, and several hundred photographs were brought 
back to the Museum, together with a collection of the phanerogams 
and soil algae of special ecological interest in connection with the 
distribution of some of the Copernicia species. The latter collections 


were made by J. PYancis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, 
who, after completing the manuscript for another number of his 
"Flora of Peru," had volunteered his assistance. On the return 
trip by way of Cienfuego, a hasty excursion was made with Dr. 
E. D. Clement and Sr. Valiente, of the Atkins Garden and Labo- 
ratory of Harvard University at Soledad, to the south coast of the 
eastern peninsula of Zapata for mature seeds of a species apparently 
restricted to this area. A brief trip to Cuba in August was under- 
taken solely for the purpose of gathering the results of experiments 
made in the early spring and collecting certain seeds for experimental 
growing at the University of Chicago and elsewhere. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
continued his studies of Hawaiian plants and completed his revision 
of the genus Nototrichium. He also described a number of novelties, 
especially new sections of Dahlia for its epiphytic member and the 
tree-dahlias, various East African species of Bidens, and several 
Araliaceae and Leguminosae. Llewelyn Williams, Associate in 
Forest Products, spent considerable time in the Far East and 
Central America studying forest products and collecting woods for 
exhibition purposes. Dr. Norman C. Fassett, while on leave of 
absence from the University of Wisconsin, spent the early part of 
the year at the Tropical Institute in San Salvador as the botanical 
representative of the Museum, collecting aquatic plants in El 
Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico. His monographic studies of these 
and other pertinent collections are now essentially completed. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator, accompanied a small group of 
paleobotanists of the University of Illinois and the Illinois State 
Geological Survey on a collecting trip to Iowa and Texas. The 
party collected large numbers of coal balls for study of structurally 
preserved plant-fossils and obtained in Texas the trunk of an unde- 
scribed cycadeoid and samples of fossil wood found at the type 
locality. Chief Curator Just continued his studies of fossil cycads 
and cycadeoids and of the geographical distribution of fossil ferns 
and pteridosperms. In addition, he prepared in collaboration with 
Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, Guggenheim Fellow, a synopsis of the living 
and fossil Humiriaceae. 

Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his studies of the archaeological plant material from Tularosa Cave, 
New Mexico. On an expedition during June and early July he 
studied and collected plants now growing about the cave, as the 
archaeological material of the cultivated plants shows a gradual 
development of the recent kinds from the more primitive ones of 
the earlier levels of Tularosa Cave. Modern Indian corn and squash 


This reproduction of a subtropical flowering Tillandsia shows this air plant of the 
pineapple family as it is quite often found growing in the branches of trees (Hall 29). 

were studied in experimental plantings near Chicago in order to 
compare the range of variation with that exhibited by the archaeo- 
logical material. A large part of Curator Cutler's time was spent 
in organization of the Museum's extensive wood collections, which 
consist of about forty thousand specimens, a great number of them 
authenticated by herbarium specimens taken from the same tree 
as the wood. Mrs. Ann Bigelow and Robert Yule have prepared 
and labeled more than fifteen thousand specimens for the Museum's 
collection and for exchange with other institutions. Archie F. 
Wilson, an experienced amateur wood-collector, assisted in this work 
by cutting a large collection of Ecuadorean tree trunks to the 
standard size of the specimens in our collection. 


Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Herbarium, con- 
tinued to devote the greater portion of his time toward completion 
of the study of his large collections from Venezuela. The first part 
of his "Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela," consisting of 
descriptions of new species resulting from his study and that of 
various specialists, was published by the Museum in May. The 
second part of this work, which will complete the description of 
the new species, is now in press. Altogether, close to six hundred 
species and nine genera new to science, in addition to a large number 
of new varieties and forms, have resulted from the study of these 
collections. Critical investigation of particular groups in this study 
resulted in revisions of the rare genera Tapeinostemon (see page 82) 
and Platycarpum, the latter having been brought to light after 
nearly one hundred and fifty years of obscurity. The families 
Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lentibulariaceae, and Compositae, in which 
Curator Steyermark specializes, continued to yield various novelties 
now awaiting publication. In addition, much time was given to 
identification of miscellaneous collections that were sent in for 
determination from the United States and other countries. 

Continuing his field work in Missouri as Research Associate of 
Missouri Botanical Garden, Curator Steyermark conducted a number 
of botanical collecting trips to that state between March and October. 
These trips yielded new information on the detailed distribution of 
species and varieties of the flora of Missouri and added a total of 
nine species not previously found in that state. The collections, 
to be incorporated in the herbaria of Missouri Botanical Garden and 
Chicago Natural History Museum, will eventually serve as a basis 
for the complete record of geographical distribution of each species 
in Missouri as shown on maps to appear in a revised annotated 
catalogue of the flowering plants and ferns of Missouri, published 
in 1935 in collaboration with E. J. Palmer, formerly of the Arnold 
Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. Work was completed 
on the separation of type specimens from the main collection, making 
these important specimens more readily accessible. 

The Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, 
devoted most of the year to curatorial work. The segregation of 
forty thousand type specimens from among the eight hundred 
thousand sheets on file in the cryptogamic herbarium was completed. 
These specimens are now arranged alphabetically in a special case. 
Another project, with the aid of Dr. Sidney F. Glassman, Assistant 
from January to September, was likewise finished. The five thousand 
photographs of fungi and the ten thousand original notes and draw- 
ings by the late Dr. Edward Thomson Harper, whose large collec- 


tions came to the Museum in 1920, were attached to the herbarium 
sheets, thus greatly enhancing the value of one of the Museum's 
most important collections of cryptogams. For this work Dr. 
Glassman made prints of the Harper negatives, which are now 
being transferred to the Division of Photography. Curator Drouet 
and Dr. Glassman spent considerable time in preparing various 
collections of cryptogams for mounting and in filing the twenty-five 
thousand new specimens that were mounted during the year. Dr. 
Drouet identified some eight thousand algae received for determina- 
tion from correspondents in various parts of the world. Harold B. 
Louderback and Dr. Joseph Rubinstein, of Chicago, assisted in the 
onerous work of shifting the entire herbarium so that the collections 
would be equally distributed within the cases. 

Some progress was made toward completing Curator Drouet' s 
revision of the unicellular blue-green algae in co-operation with 
William A. Daily, of Butler University, who has now made photo- 
micrographs of more than five hundred of the type specimens 
involved. Mr. and Mrs. Daily spent several weekends at the 
Museum in research on the collections of Myxophyceae and Char- 
aceae. Dr. Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, completed in 
collaboration with Dr. Max Britton, also of Northwestern Uni- 
versity, a treatise on the algae of Illinois now awaiting publication. 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, continued his studies of 
bryophytes, and Miss Margaret Feigley, volunteer worker, identified 
large numbers of bryophytes. Dr. Glassman completed his manu- 
script on the flora of Ponape (Caroline Islands) before he left in 
September for the University of Wyoming. 

While holding a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation 
Fellowship, Dr. Jos6 Cuatrecasas, former Curator of Colombian 
Botany, carried on necessary studies at the Museum preliminary 
to the preparation of a catalogue of the flora of Colombia, using as 
a basis his own extensive collections as well as others represented 
chiefly in the Museum's own herbarium. In addition he studied 
numerous specimens received on loan from the United States 
National Museum, New York Botanical Garden, Herbario Nacional 
Colombiano, and Facultad de Agronomia del Valle. The Colombian 
species of the following families have already been studied critically: 
Araliaceae, Anacardiaceae, Bombacaceae, Burseraceae, Caprifoliaceae, 
Connaraceae, Euphorbiaceae (gen. Hieronyma), Ldnaceae, Myrsin- 
aceae, Proteaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Simarubaceae, Sterculiaceae, 
Theophrastaceae, Thymeleaceae, Tiliaceae, and certain difficult genera 
of the Compositae. Critical taxonomic work on some members of 
the flora of Colombia necessitated study of species and specimens 


Paco fruits (4 inches long and 2 inches in diameter) belong to a new species from 
Colombia discovered and described as Grias multinervia Cuatr. by Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas. 

from other South American countries (Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, 
and Brazil), especially in the families Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, 
Tiliaceae, Moraceae, and Brunelliaceae. Taxonomic studies of several 
genera of Compositae (Senecionae, Diplostephium, Espeletia) were 
continued, and several contributions dealing with many new or 
critical species gleaned mainly from his personal collections were 
published or are awaiting publication. About two thousand South 
American specimens (chiefly Colombian) sent by collectors or various 
institutions as gifts, exchanges, or loans have been named, especially 
in the groups on which Dr. Cuatrecasas worked in recent years. 


Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits, and Artist-Preparator Samuel H. 
Grove, Jr., left early in March on a five- week trip to Florida covering 
most of the state, including some of the keys, to collect flowering 
specimens from plants of local and tropical species needed to supple- 
ment various families in the synoptic exhibits in Hall 29. A stop 
of several days was made near Tallahassee, where a number of 
branches of southern conifers were collected with the generous 
assistance of Dr. Herman Kurz and Dr. Chester S. Nielsen, of 
Florida State University. After restoration these branches will be 
added to the exhibits of North American woods in Hall 26. Several 
visits were made to the United States Plant Introduction Garden 
at Coconut Grove, where photographs of tropical species and some 
important specimens for reproduction were obtained through the 
kindness of Dr. Harold F. Loomis. 

Mrs. Effie M. Schugman, with some assistance during the 
summer, mounted more than twenty-five thousand specimens of 
cryptogams and attended to the packaging of numerous loans and 
of the 5,870 cryptogams sent to other institutions and individuals 
in exchanges. Mr. Yule prepared most of the paper packets used 
as containers for these specimens, in addition to those required 
during the first few months of 1952, before he was transferred to the 
phanerogamic division in September. Approximately twenty-six 
thousand specimens were wet-poisoned and mounted for the phanero- 
gamic herbarium by George A. Davis, Assistant, and associates. 
Mrs. Jennie Beitzel mounted thousands of type photographs and 
filed these and all mounted phanerogamic specimens. 

Accessions— Botany 

Although no major collections were added to the phanerogamic 
herbarium during the year, numerous smaller ones were received. 
The largest single collection, of 862 plants of Honduras collected 
by Dr. Louis 0. Williams and Antonio Molina of the Escuela Agricola 
Panamericana, was sent in exchange. Gifts include 209 plants of 
Missouri from E. J. Palmer, 644 plants of Illinois and Indiana from 
Floyd E. Swink, 187 plants of Utah and Indiana from John W. 
Thieret, and 125 plants of Illinois from G. S. Winterringer of Illinois 
State Museum. Other accessions include 410 plants of Peru from 
Dr. Felipe Marin (purchase) ; 830 miscellaneous plants, mostly from 
Central and South America, from the United States National Mu- 
seum (exchange); 500 plants of Sweden from Gosta Kjellmert 
(exchange); 200 plants of Japan from J. Ohwi, of Tokyo Science 


Museum (exchange); 200 plants of Austria from the Botanisches 
Institut und Botanischer Garten of the University of Vienna, col- 
lected by Dr. H. Neumayer (exchange) ; 182 plants of Mexico from 
the University of California, collected by Annie Alexander and 
Louise Kellogg (exchange); and 175 plants of Costa Rica from 
Missouri Botanical Garden, collected by Hugh litis and Richard 
Holm (exchange). More than 29,500 cryptogams were purchased 
with the Elmer J. and Donald Richards Funds. Noteworthy among 
the collections thus acquired are 20,000 cryptogams from Dr. P. 0. 
Schallert, of Altamonte Springs, Florida; 5,600 lichens from Dr. 
Camillo Sbarbaro, of Genoa, Italy; and 1,067 algae and bryophytes 
from the Vitenskapsselskapets Museum of Trondheim, Norway. 
Cryptogams received in exchanges include 2,104 from the Con- 
servatoire Botanique of Geneva, Switzerland, and 1,600 from the 
Naturhistorisches Museum of Vienna, Austria. 

Exhibits— Botany 

Two important reproductions were added to the flowering-plant 
exhibits in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life). 
One model is a fruiting branch of elderberry (Sambucus canadensis), 
a local member of the honeysuckle family, assembled by Artist- 
Preparator Grove. The other model, made by Curator of Exhibits 
Sella, is an epiphytic bromeliad (Tillandsia fasciculata) in flower, 
strikingly different in appearance from the related and well-known 
Spanish moss of the South of the same genus of the pineapple 
family. The living material required for this reproduction was col- 
lected during the Florida Botanical Field Trip. The exhibits in 
Hall 29 of mushrooms, liverworts, and mosses and of the birch 
family were reconditioned and rearranged in rebuilt cases of in- 
creased depth. In the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) a specimen 
of Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria), a gift from 0. A. Oaks, of 
Wilmette, Illinois, was installed by Preparator Mathias Dones. The 
following leafy branches were added to the wood exhibits in Charles 
F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26, North American Trees) : cucumber tree 
(Magnolia), persimmon (Diospyros), beech (Fagus), red oak (Quercus), 
river and yellow birch (Betula), black walnut (Juglans), and black 
tupelo (Nyssa). These were assembled by Artist-Preparator Milton 
Copulos, except the branch of beech, which was made by Artist- 
Preparator Grove. The life-like appearance of the plastic leaves 
used in these exhibits invites close observation. The success of 
preparing leaves in plastic, a technique developed at the Museum, 


depends largely on the transfer of natural details to metal dies and 
proper control of heat and pressure during the process of molding. 
Preparator Frank Boryca is continuously occupied with making the 
foliage needed for all reproductions. A preserved branch of white 
cedar {Thuja) for Hall 26 was restored by Curator Sella. Chief 
Curator Just planned and supervised the preparation and installa- 
tion of the paleobotanical exhibits now on display in Hall 37. 

*-^^R- -V Jis(^iii^^^^fe£4^^ 

Rhynia Gwynne- Vaughani Kidston 
and Lang is one of the earliest and 
most primitive vascular plants ever 
found. It was discovered about 
forty years ago near the village of 
Rhynie in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 
in chert of Lower-Middle Devonian 
age and later described in great 
detail because of the remarkable 
state of preservation of its external 
and internal structural features. It 
was a rootless and leafless marsh 
plant about eight inches high, with 
creeping underground and upright 
stems. This life-size reconstruction, 
the first ever made, was modeled 
in glass by Emil Sella, Curator of 
Exhibits, Department of Botany, 
and is exhibited in the case showing 
the principal groups of the plant 
kingdom now placed on display in 
the new Hall of Fossil Invertebrate 
Animals and Fossil Plants (Hall 37). 


Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, spent six months 
in El Salvador as the Museum's representative in geology at the 
Tropical Institute, El Salvador being primarily a land of volcanoes, 
both active and dormant, Chief Curator Roy availed himself of the 
opportunity offered and devoted most of his field work to studying 
the structure of the main groups of volcanoes and making a repre- 
sentative collection of the rocks composing them. Other important 
field work in El Salvador consisted of securing pertinent data on the 
fossiliferous marine limestone at Metapan and on the lacustrine 
limestone, partly oolitic and partly fossiliferous, near Carolina 
(Metapan and Carolina are small towns located, respectively, at 
the northwest and northeast sides of El Salvador). While engaged 
in work around Carolina, a rather uncommon occurrence of asphalt 
mixed with opalized silica in basalt was observed. Samples were 
collected with the hope that the origin of the asphalt could be 
determined. The occurrence of asphalt and other varieties of bitumen 
in igneous rocks has been noted previously, but the determination 
of their origin has been difficult and not always conclusive. 

Early in May a major disaster again struck southeastern El 
Salvador. Without a warning tremor, two shocks of magnitude 
6-6}4 all but destroyed several towns and killed and injured several 
hundred people. The catastrophe offered Chief Curator Roy an 
unexpected opportunity for first-hand field study of the stricken 
areas. He visited the devastated towns and neighboring regions 
several times and took numerous photographs and copious notes on 
evidences that might furnish information regarding the origin, epi- 
center, and intensity of the earthquake. On his way back to the 
States he spent some days in Mexico and made a preliminary survey 
of the new volcano Paricutin. He expects to return to Mexico in 
1952 for a more detailed study of the volcano. 

Studies of meteorites by Chief Curator Roy in collaboration with 
Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, continued, and a 
paper on the Benld meteorite was published by the Museum during 
the year. Curator Wyant, who was to accompany Chief Curator 
Roy to El Salvador but was unable to do so, prepared a complete 
bibliography of the geology of El Salvador that was of great help 
in familiarizing Chief Curator Roy with the various aspects of the 
geology of El Salvador and will be of still greater help when the 


Izalco, newest volcano in El Salvador (born in 1770), was photographed midway in 
his successful climb to the summit by Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology. 

results of the work done in El Salvador are being made ready for 
publication. Curator Wyant spent much of his time in the chemical 
laboratory in analytical work. He made detailed quantitative 
chemical analyses of several stone meteorites and of sedimentary 
rocks and from the bulk analyses determined the mineralogical 
composition of the stone meteorites. In addition he made a statis- 
tical study of the distribution of calcium, magnesium, and silica in 
meteorites and examined thin-sections of all the feldspar-rich silicate 
meteorites in the Museum collection. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, devoted his time 
almost entirely to cataloguing, preparing, and identifying Upper 
Cretaceous and Lower Eocene plants from the clay deposits of 
western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and northern Alabama. 
The specimens, represented largely by leaves, were collected by him 
in June and October with the assistance of Dr. R. H. Whitfield, 
Associate in Fossil Plants, and Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator 
of Fossil Invertebrates. Curator Langford also spent several days 
at various times at the strip coal mines near Wilmington, Will 
County, Illinois, collecting Pennsylvanian flora and fauna. On 
these trips he was frequently accompanied by Mrs. Langford, who 
also volunteered her services to the Museum for nearly a month 
to assist in preparing the fossil plants collected during the year. 
As all of these fossils were collected from a clay deposit, it was 


necessary to remove the adhering clay before the fossils could be 
identified and permanently preserved. She did this with great 
skill and patience. 

Until the reopening on October 1 of Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall 
(Hall 37, Fossil Invertebrate Animals and Fossil Plants) Curator 
Richardson was engaged almost entirely in selecting, checking, 
identifying, and labeling specimens for the new exhibits in that hall. 
Since then he has been occupied chiefly in reorganizing the storage 
of specimens in the study collection. In the new exhibits fewer 
specimens have been used, with the result that several thousand 
excellent fossil invertebrates were left over as surplus and had 
to be removed to the study collection. Most of these have now 
been placed in their proper sequence in the study collection, after 
their identifications were checked and new labels typed. In the 
course of this work many poor specimens or specimens with incom- 
plete data were put aside to provide more space for the ever- 
increasing study collection. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, completed a 
paper on the Late Devonian fresh-water fishes of the western United 
States that was published during the year by the Museum. He 
is now engaged in working on the Early Devonian fishes collected 
in Utah in 1949 and 1950. The first part of this study dealing with 
one group of ostracoderms (Osteostraci) is ready for publication, 
and work on other ostracoderms (Heterostraci) is under way. The 
environment of the earliest vertebrates is another problem that has 
occupied his attention. Curator Denison visited a number of fossil- 
fish localities in the eastern states during August and obtained col- 
lections of Silurian ostracoderms in Pennsylvania, northern New 
Jersey, and southeastern New York and a number of Devonian 
fishes from the black shales of western New York and from the lime- 
stones of Ohio. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, prepared an 
annotated bibliography on marine paleoecology of fossil reptiles 
and Recent turtles for the National Research Council's "Treatise 
on Marine Ecology and Paleoecology." His revision of the turtles 
of the family Toxochelyidae is expected to be ready for publication 
early in the year. He also spent a considerable amount of time in 
preparing in detail one of the nothosaur skeletons from the Alcova 
limestone of Wyoming in anticipation of a visit by Professor Bern- 
hard Peyer of the University of Zurich, the foremost authority on 
nothosaur morphology. Curator Zangerl made a study trip to the 
University of California at Berkeley, accompanied by Professor 
Peyer, and visited the major fossil-vertebrate localities along the 


way. Of particular interest were the Western marine Triassic areas 
and the collections from these beds at the University of California. 
On a weekend excursion to investigate some Pennsylvanian deposits 
in west-central Indiana, noticed by Curator Zangerl earlier in the 
year, he and Professor Peyer discovered a narrow band of highly 
bituminous shale that is extremely rich in vertebrate and invertebrate 
fossil remains. Curators Zangerl, Richardson, and Denison made a 
second trip to this locality later in the year. 

The most interesting event in the Division of Fossil Mammals 
during the year was the discovery in the Early Cretaceous of northern 
Texas of molar teeth of the group from which all living mammals, 
with the exception of the egg-laying monotremes, have descended. 
Although few in number, these teeth demonstrate that the origin 
of mammals of placental and marsupial grade dates back to at least 
125 million years ago. In addition, they further clarify our knowl- 
edge of mammalian relationships during the Age of Reptiles and, 
most important of all, perhaps, contribute greatly to an understand- 

The intensity of the disastrous earthquake that struck southeastern El Salvador in 
May, 1951, may be judged by these photographs taken by Chief Curator Sharat K.Roy. 


ing of the course of evolution followed by the mammalian dentition. 
An account of these specimens and a discussion of their significance 
will be prepared by Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals. 
One of the most notable achievements in the history of the 
Department of Geology was the work of the Marshall Field Paleon- 
tological Expeditions to Argentina and Bolivia during 1922-24 and 
192&-27. These expeditions, under the direction of Elmer S. Riggs, 
Curator of Paleontology at that time, brought together magnificent 
collections of fossil mammals from a number of Cenozoic formations. 
Unfortunately, it has not been possible to realize the potential 
importance of these collections because precise identification of many 
of the specimens was not feasible from the literature alone and 
could only be done by examination of material in the museums 
of Argentina. The opportunity to carry out this long-needed work 
has now been afforded by the award of a John Simon Guggenheim 
Memorial Foundation Fellowship to Curator Patterson for research 
on South American fossil vertebrates. Curator Patterson left for 
Argentina near the end of the year and will devote 1952 to the task. 
Upon his return it will at least be possible to describe the collections 
in a manner that they deserve. 

The program of field work in the Early Cretaceous Trinity sands 
of northern Texas, a collaborative undertaking with Texas Memorial 
Museum, begun in 1950, was continued during the year. Curator 
Patterson and Chief Preparator Orville L. Gilpin devoted most of 
April and May and part of June to excavating, washing, and sifting 
the bone-bed that yields the fragmentary remains of mammals 
and other vertebrates. The concentrate from approximately thirteen 
tons was brought back to the laboratory, where it was reprocessed 
before the laborious task of sorting under the microscope was 
begun, and, to date, nearly eighty specimens of mammals have been 
found. The significance of this figure becomes apparent when it 
is realized that in all the world only some half-dozen mammals of 
Early Cretaceous age had previously been discovered. In addition 
to these forms, additional specimens of triconodonts have been 
recovered and multituberculates have begun to appear for the 
first time since this study began. 

In September Preparator William D. Turnbull and Priscilla F. 
Turnbull, Assistant in Fossil Vertebrates, accompanied by Richard 
Konizeski, of the University of Chicago, made a short trip to Norman, 
Oklahoma, and collected an excellently preserved and well-articu- 
lated skeleton of the early Permian pelycosaur Cotylorhynchus romeri. 
It is closely allied to Casea and will be an important addition to the 
Museum's collection of Permian reptiles. 


Accessions— Geology 

The most valuable accession of fossil plants this year was the paleo- 
botanical collection of the Walker Museum of the University of 
Chicago. This extensive collection of fossil plants from various 
geological ages and from various localities, received by the Museum 
as a gift, was assembled during a period of nearly fifty years by 
expeditions, purchases, and donations from many individuals. Coal- 
measure plants, including numerous coal balls, constitute the largest 
single part of the collection, and specimens from the Mesozoic and 
Tertiary complement the Museum's existing collection. This gift 
will permit expanded activity in the field of paleobotany and provide 
excellent material for exhibition. Through the generosity of Jon S. 
Whitfield, of Evanston, Illinois, the invertebrate-fossil collection was 
enriched by 87 specimens from the Pennsylvanian coal-swamp 
nodules of the Braidwood-Wilmington area, Illinois. These speci- 
mens are the cream of Mr. Whitfield's personal collection made 
during the past several years and add significantly to the unparalleled 
representation of this fauna brought together by Curator Langford 
as a valuable by-product of his years of collecting fossil plants from 
the same region. It is noteworthy that Mr. Whitfield's gift includes 
19 specimens of the small horeshoe crab Euprops and 21 specimens 
of small aquatic crustaceans, all commonly regarded as rather rai'e 
fossils. As in the past, the Museum has benefited greatly from the 
gifts of fossil plants and contribution of time and effort by Mr. 
Whitfield's parents, Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, Associates in 
the Division of Fossil Plants. Gifts to the collection of fossil verte- 
brates include a large and well-preserved Ceratodus tooth from the 
mammal-bearing Early Cretaceous Trinity sands of northern Texas 
from L. H. Bridwell, four Devonian fishes from New York from 
Alick L. Carter, and several Permian reptile and amphibian speci- 
mens collected by Dr. Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, from 
the University of Chicago. To the gem collection were added two 
beautiful pieces of East Indian jewelry, a bracelet and a necklace, 
gifts from Mrs. Samuella Crosby, of Chicago. 

Exhibits— Geology 

Thirteen exhibits (including four habitat groups) were completed 
during the year and installed in the new Hall of Fossil Invertebrate 
Animals and Fossil Plants (Hall 37, Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall), 
which was reopened on October 1. By using modern methods to 






Three minerals commonly mistaken for gold are shown in this exhibit of native gold 
and gold ores, one of the fifty-four exhibits in the Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36). 

display carefully selected material of educational value, it has been 
possible to present to the public one of the outstanding halls of this 
kind in the world. The hall now contains fifty- three exhibits arranged 
in two sequences. On the south side of the hall twenty-three screens 
and ten habitat groups constitute a historical sequence of the life 
and geology of twelve geologic periods emphasizing 540 million years 
of earth-history. Twenty cases on the north side of the hall show 
fossil invertebrate animals and fossil plants systematically arranged 
by natural groups to form a biological sequence. 

The success of Hall 37 is in a large measure the result of the con- 
certed effort of all concerned in the Department of Geology and to 
the hearty co-operation of all other departments of the Museum. 
Curator Richardson, Curator of Exhibits Harry E. Changnon, and 
Preparators Henry Horback and Henry U. Taylor gave their un- 
divided attention to the hall for the period of three years during 


which it was being installed. They are to be congratulated for the 
results achieved. Many of the illustrations in color and paleogeo- 
graphic maps were done by John Conrad Hansen, departmental 
Artist. The series of cases displaying fossil plants was prepared 
and installed under the direction and advice of Dr. Theodor Just, 
Chief Curator of Botany, in co-operation with Curator Langford. 
The ten restoration groups are the work of George Marchand, 
sculptor-artist, of Ebenezer, New York. 

Installations in the Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36) were 
completed during the year with the addition of two exhibits. The 
hall now contains fifty-four exhibits showing the minerals and ores 
of economic importance and their uses. The mineral and meteorite 
exhibits were moved from Hall 34 to Hall 35 (Clarence Buckingham 
Hall) and the physical-geology exhibits formerly in Hall 35 were 
removed from exhibition for modernization and reinstallation in a 
new hall of physical geology (Hall 34). No new exhibit was installed 
during the year by the Division of Vertebrate Paleontology, although 
three Permian reptile skeletons were prepared and mounted for exhi- 
bition by Chief Preparator Gilpin and Preparator Stanley Kuczek. 

This habitat group in Hall 37 shows some of the typical marine animals that lived 
among the coral reefs on the present site of Chicago about 365 million years ago. 


Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

The principal research project for the year in the Division of Mam- 
mals resulted in completion by Curator Colin C. Sanborn of the 
report on the mammals collected by the Philippines Zoological 
Expedition of 1946-47. Further studies were made by Curator 
Sanborn of mammals from Yemen, Arabia, and from southeastern 
Peru and of bats from Northeast Africa. He has begun the study of 
a collection of rodents from Angola and has identified small collec- 
tions from Siam and Bolivia for the National Museum of Siam and 
for the branch of the Rockefeller Foundation in La Paz, Bolivia. 
Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, was occupied throughout the 
year with his mammal survey of Colombia, which lays the foundation 
for further researches on the mammals of Colombia. His third year 
in Colombia was devoted mainly to the exploration of the Bogota 
region. Although activities of revolutionary bands made certain 
areas inaccessible and the expedition was hampered by unfavorable 
weather, the collections for the year amount to more than one 
thousand specimens. 

In the Division of Birds the principal research activities of Dr. 
Austin L. Rand, Curator, were devoted to his field work in El 
Salvador as the Museum's representative in zoology at the Tropical 
Institute and to the subsequent completion, with Melvin A. Traylor, 
Jr., Research Associate, of the manuscript for a handbook on the 
birds of El Salvador to be published in Spanish translation. Curator 
Rand was also engaged in study of a collection of birds from Nepal, 
in various revisionary studies of African birds, and in further re- 
searches on Philippine birds in association with D. S. Rabor, of 
Silliman University, Philippine Islands, visiting Guggenheim Fellow. 
Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, was occupied throughout the 
year with his field guide to Mexican birds, to be published by the 
University of Chicago Press. It should be emphasized that sum- 
maries of this nature, like that of Curator Rand for the birds of 
El Salvador, form a by-product of the more technical researches in 
museums and that their prepai'ation is an essential service that can 
come only from museums and museum scientists. Research Associate 
Traylor, in addition to working with Curator Rand, made taxonomic 
studies of bird collections from Peru and Paraguay. Mrs Ellen T. 
Smith, Associate, devoted much of her time to curatorial work, and 
her aid has been especially valuable during the year in connection 


with the rearrangement of the Conover Collection. A program of 
collecting, mainly birds, in the rain-forest of Gabon, French Equa- 
torial Africa, was continued for the Museum by Harry A. Beatty, 
of New York. 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, continued 
his studies of North American salamanders, completing a study of 
the interesting Ouachita Mountain species Plethodon ouachitae and 
extending his field work to Mexico, where July and August were 
spent with Charles M. Bogert, of the American Museum of Natural 
History, New York, and Dr. Archie F. Carr, of the University of 
Florida, in exploration of the Volcan Toluca on the escarpment of 
the Mexican plateau. Curator Pope has conferred with the staff 
of the School of Medicine, Northwestern University, and Lincoln 
Park Zoo regarding initiation of a program of study of snake venoms. 
He joined J. D. Romer, of Hong Kong, in the description of a new 
species of frog from that island. Chief Curator Karl P. Schmidt 
resumed his study of American coral snakes, prepared a paper on 
a collection of amphibians and reptiles of Iran, and continued work 
on a new edition of the Checklist of North American Amphibians and 
Reptiles. Stanley Rand, who accompanied his father to El Salvador, 
worked on his resulting collection of amphibians and reptiles during 
July and August for the purpose of preparing a report for publica- 
tion by the Museum. A long-term interest of the Division of Reptiles, 
the measuring and marking of blue racers from a hibernation aggrega- 
tion of this interesting local species of snake, was continued in the 
Indiana dunes region by Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant. This activity 
was begun in 1935 by Chief Curator Schmidt and has been carried 
on intermittently by various members of the zoology staff. 

Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, continued his investigations 
of the ecological distribution and taxonomy of the fishes of the Gulf 
of Mexico. Trips to the northern Gulf and to the Campeche Banks 
were made on the United States Fish and Wildlife Service research 
vessel Oregon at the invitation of Stewart Springer, fishery engineer. 
Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, continued his studies of the 
brackish and fresh-water fishes of Borneo, based on the collections 
of the Museum's Borneo Zoological Expedition of 1950. His col- 
lections and studies in North Borneo form a valuable supplement 
to our knowledge of the fishes of the vast island, whose area amounts 
to nearly three hundred thousand square miles. He completed his 
review of the Amphibia of the Philippine Islands, drawn up in com- 
prehensive form in the hope of making it useful to the new generation 
of students of zoology in the Philippines. His report is based on 
the Philippines Zoological Expedition of 1946-47. As part of a 


This model of the handsome red'tailed and shield-headed catfish of the Amazon 
Basin, from a specimen presented by John G. Shedd Aquarium, is shown in Hall O. 

program of renewed study of cave fishes of North America, Curator 
Woods and Assistant Curator Inger made three field trips to southern 
Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri and to Kentucky, where they visited 
a total of twenty-four caves and fourteen springs. A checklist of 
the fishes of the deep sea (below 1,000 fathoms) is in preparation by 
Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate. 

Research activities in the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy were 
curtailed by its transfer to new quarters. Curator D. D wight Davis 
worked on the anatomy of the head of the salamander Cryptobranchus 
and on the baculum of the gorilla and, in relation to the monograph 
on the giant panda, continued studies of the anatomy of carnivores. 
Dr. R. M. Strong, in addition to his work for the Conservation 
Council of Chicago and management of the Illinois Audubon Society, 
continued study of the anatomy of the mud-puppy Necturus. 

The most important completed research in the Division of Insects 
was the study of rove beetles of the group Gyrophaenae by Research 
Associate Charles H. Seevers. Curator Rupert L. Wenzel continued 
his studies of the beetles of the family Histeridae and at the end 
of the year was engaged in the study of types in various European 
museums. Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas made a study trip 
to several museums in the eastern states, where he examined im- 
portant type-material to further his studies of the minute fungus 
inhabiting beetles of the family Ptiliidae. William J. Gerhard (who 
became Curator Emeritus on January 1 at his own request and com- 
pleted in September his fiftieth consecutive year in the Division of 
Insects) has been occupied since his retirement chiefly with the 
organization of the Division's large library of pamphlets and the 


transfer of the Strecker Collection of butterflies and moths to 
permanent drawers in the new metal cases made possible by the 
expansion of the Division of Insects in 1950-51. In addition, the 
great experience and knowledge of the Curator Emeritus are being 
constantly drawn upon by his fellow workers in the Division and in 
the Museum. Field work of the Division of Insects was limited to 
local trips to investigate such special habitats as tree-holes and 
pocket-gopher burrows, which are still quite inadequately known 
even in the Chicago area. 

Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, finished his 
study of the brackish and fresh-water mollusks of Bermuda based 
on his collections of 1947, 1948, and 1950 and completed a report 
on a collection of shells from the Near East made in 1950 by Dr. 
Henry Field, former member of the Museum staff, on his expedition 
for the Peabody Museum of Harvard University. Curator Haas 
made a study of the Unionaceae for the forthcoming "Treatise on 
Invertebrate Paleontology," and at the end of the year final work 
was under way on his monograph of the bivalves (begun long before 
World War II) for Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreiches, 
the great German work on the animal kingdom. 

The routine work of the Department of Zoology operates as an 
essential aid to the research program as a whole. The organization 
of the departmental files of illustrations continued under the direction 
of Miss Brodie, Assistant. Miss Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist, 
prepared drawings for the Divisions of Reptiles and Fishes and for 
a paper by the Chief Curator. Mrs. Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist, 
continued the work of preparing skeletons for the Division of 
Vertebrate Anatomy and of skulls for the Division of Mammals. 
Hymen Marx, Assistant, bore the load of accessioning, cataloguing, 
numbering, and labeling incoming material in the Division of Rep- 
tiles, and August Ziemer, Assistant, had charge of pinning and 
preparation in the Division of Insects. 

Exhibits— Zoology 

The body of Bushman, the famous gorilla of Lincoln Park Zoo, 
was prepared for exhibition by a combination of techniques. The 
face and feet were made as celluloid models by the Walters Process 
and these were combined with the mounted skin, the assembled 
whole being a combination of the skills of Taxidermists Leon L. 
Walters and Frank C. Wonder and Artist Joseph B. Krstolich. After 
temporary exhibition in Lincoln Park Zoo, Bushman was returned 


This celluloid model of the spectacled cobra of southeastern Asia shown in its warning 
attitude is based on a specimen that was received from the Chicago Zoological Society. 

to the Museum for a permanent place in the Museum's hall of 
African mammals (Hall 22, Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall). No 
technique other than celluloid reproduction could have made the 
hairless face, with its translucent fleshy skin, appear so life-like, and 
Bushman's expression of repose and of almost arrogant indifference 
to his multitude of visitors has been wonderfully caught by Taxi- 
dermist Walters. The addition of the new gorilla makes possible 
the retirement from exhibition of three gorillas that date from the 
early years of the Museum and represent the style of taxidermy in 
vogue in the last century. 

Two cases were added to the series of subjective exhibits that 
supplement the systematic collection of birds of the world in Board- 
man Conover Hall (Hall 21). The first of these shows the principles 
of camouflage by countershading and adaptive resemblance as well 
as the less evidently adaptive conspicuous colorations. The second 
shows noteworthy types of hybridization in birds and sets forth a 


series of the remarkable natural hybrids between the blue-winged 
warbler and the golden-winged warbler in the eastern United States, 
which segregate out as Brewster's warbler and Lawrence's warbler 
in the second generation. Work is in progress on the synoptic 
series of birds of the world by Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton. Taxi- 
dermist Walters and Taxidermist Ronald J. Lambert have revised 
and relettered the screens of cobras and their allies and of vipers, 
and these exhibits have been reinstalled in Albert W. Harris Hall 
(Hall 18, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects). Revision of the screens 
of turtles has involved field work by Taxidermist Lambert, who is 
making natural ground-work bases for the specimens by a celluloid 
infiltration technique. A model of the red-tailed catfish of South 
America, prepared by Taxidermist Wonder, was placed on exhibition 
in the Hall of Fishes (Hall 0). The species is remarkable for the 
bony shield that covers the head and back as well as for brilliant 
coloration. The specimen on which the model is based was received 
from the John G. Shedd Aquarium. Artist Krstolich resumed work 
on the exhibit for the Hall of Anatomy (Hall 19) that will answer 
the question "What Is a Muscle?" 

Accessions— Zoology 

By far the most important accession in the year for the Division 
of Reptiles was the gift from Mrs. Sherman C. Bishop, of Rochester, 
New York, and Mrs. Daniel W. O'Dell, of Ithaca, New York, of the 
collection of salamanders accumulated by the late Professor Bishop 
that formed the basis of his Handbook of North American Salamanders. 
The active study of these creatures initiated by Curator Pope makes 
it appropriate that the Bishop Collection should be in his charge. 
Because of the transfer of the Division of Reptiles to the ground 
floor in 1952, the collection, in its 1,500 jars, will not be unpacked 
until the new storage space is prepared. With this collection, thanks 
to the authorities of the University of Rochester, the Museum 
received also the university's entire collection of amphibians and 
reptiles, including excellent series of turtles. Other significant gifts 
are 52 amphibians and reptiles of Colombia from Hermano Daniel; 
26 salamanders of Kentucky from Dr. Roger W. Barbour; and 72 
salamanders of North Carolina from Dr. James Kezer. A share of 
the amphibians and reptiles collected by the Hopkins-Branner Ex- 
pedition to Brazil in 1911 was acquired in exchange for the prepara- 
tion of a report on the collection, which is now in the California 
Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 


The outstanding gift in the Division of Insects is the collection 
of about 10,000 rove beetles (including 24 holotypes and 1,800 
paratypes of 33 species) that formed the basis for the paper by 
Research Associate Seevers on the Gyrophaenae published this 
year by the Museum. A notable purchase is the Eugene Ray 
Collection of mordellid beetles, which adds to the collections another 
broadly representative world-wide family unit consisting of about 
6,000 specimens, with 13 holotypes and some 200 paratypes. The 
collections of this family available in the Museum include the 
Liljeblad Collection on long-term loan from the Museum of Zoology 

Bushman, famous gorilla of Lincoln Park Zoo, is now on exhibition at the Museum, 


of the University of Michigan. The major accession of the year and 
one of the most important acquisitions in the history of the Division 
of Insects is the Bernhauer Collection of Staphylinidae, including 
library and correspondence, which was purchased from an heir in 
Vienna, Austria, but had not yet arrived at the end of the year. 
A preliminary examination of the collection in Vienna by Curator 
Wenzel indicates that types of from 4,000 to 5,000 species of Staphy- 
linidae are represented in the collection of perhaps 100,000 specimens, 
but a more detailed inventory must await the arrival of the collection 
at the Museum. Packing and shipping of insects is always a special 
problem because of the delicate nature of the material. The Bern- 
hauer Collection, because of its location in a distant country (Vienna 
is surrounded by a Soviet Zone), posed an especially exacting 
problem. Curator Wenzel devoted more than a month before his 
type-study project in European museums to the arduous and 
intricate preparations involved in transferring this unique scientific 
material to this Museum, where it will be integrated with the 
Museum's other important collections of beetles. 

The acquisition by purchase of the collection of fishes of Carnegie 
Museum, Pittsburgh, represents the most important single accession 
in the history of the Division of Fishes. This collection, of approxi- 
mately 40,000 specimens, comprises more than 11,000 lots of fishes, 
including the famous South American material gathered by Dr. 
Carl H. Eigenmann and his students, several large collections from 
Japanese waters, and many smaller series from areas until now 
unrepresented in the Museum. The collection more than doubles 
the number of type specimens of fishes in the Museum and adds a 
large number of genera and families hitherto not available to the 
staff. It is anticipated that students from other institutions as well 
as the staff of this Museum will benefit by having this extremely 
important material made available for study. 

Gifts of outstanding importance in the Division of Lower Inverte- 
brates came from Peabody Museum, Harvard University, and Leslie 
Hubricht, of Danville, Virginia. Exchange relations for mollusks 
were maintained with the United States National Museum, Wash- 
ington, D.C., by which paratypes are acquired by both institutions. 
Generous gifts of shells, fishes, mammals, birds, reptiles, and am- 
phibians of Yemen collected by Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal 
represent in the Museum collections for the first time this little-known 
corner of Arabia. The body of the gorilla Bushman, who died at 
Lincoln Park Zoo on New Year's Day, 1951, was received by the 
Museum and formed the basis of the reproduction for permanent 
exhibition by the Museum's taxidermy staff. 



Any library bears the marks of the individuals who have contributed 
to its growth, and this is especially true of the Library of Chicago 
Natural History Museum. Throughout the years the Library has 
participated in the generous gifts made to the Museum by those 
having its welfare at heart. Represented among the holdings in 
the four major divisions of the Library are contributions consisting 
of individual volumes, complete sets of works covering special 
fields, and entire private collections. This past year the Library 
has again been the fortunate recipient of another generous gift — the 
large personal collection of ornithological books and periodicals 
bequeathed to it by the late Boardman Conover, Trustee of the 
Museum and Research Associate in the Division of Birds. (For 
names of all donors in 1951, see page 100.) 

In accordance with the traditional policy of building up the 
Library's collection by a highly selective process, the year has been 
characterized by important acquisitions to meet the expanding needs 
in research of the staff and of scholars who depend upon the Library's 
resources. The addition of 1,956 volumes represents both books 
and serials. This aggregation includes publications covering the 
newer branches of scientific endeavor in the four major divisions of 
the Museum's field of interest as well as rare and difficult-to-obtain 
desiderata. The following selections are some of the long-wanted 
items that recently have been acquired: 


Bernardi, A. C, Monographie du genre Conus (1861) 

Bordas, Leonard, Recherches sur les organes reproducteurs mdles des coleopteres 

{anatomie comparee, histologie, matiere fecondante) (1900) 
Bourguignat, Jules Rene, Apergu sur les Unionidae de la peninsule italique 


, Histoire des Melaniens du systeme Europeen (1884) 

• , Histoire malacologique du Lac Tanganika (Afrique equatoriale) (1890) 

, Melanidies du Lac Nyassa suivers d'un apergu comparatif sur la faune 

malacologique de ce lac avec celle du grand Lac Tanganika (1889) 

Buitenzorg, Java. *s Lands plantentiun, Icones borgorienses, 4 v. (1897-1914) 

Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, Theorie elementaire de la botanique, ou Ex- 
position des principes de la classification naturelle et de I'art de decrire et 
d'etudier les vegetaux, 2nd ed. (1819) 

Casey, Thomas Lincoln, Contributions to the descriptive and systematic coleop- 
terology of North America, 2 pts. (1884-85) 

Clercq, Frederik Sigismund Alexander de, Nieuw plantkundig woordenboek 
voor Nederlandsch Indie (1927) 

De Geer, Charles, Memoires pour servir a, I'histoire des insectes, 7 v. (1752-78) 

Devoid, J., and P. F. Scholander, Flowering plants and ferns of southeast 
Greenland (1933) 


BOOKS (continued) 

Fabricius, Johann Christian, Epitome Entomologiae Fabricianae, sive No- 

menclator Entomologicus emendatus, sistens Fabriciani Systematis cum 

Linneano comparationem (1797) 
Ganglbauer, Ludwig, Die Kdfer von Mitteleuropa, Bd. 1-4 (1892-1904) 
Hagelstein, Robert, The Mycetozoa of North America (1944) 
Harcourt, Raoul d', and Marguerite (Beclaid) d' Harcourt, La musique des 

Incas et ses survivances (1925) 
Hawks, Ellison, Pioneers of plant study (1928) 

Hegi, Gustav, Illustrierte flora von Mitteleuropa, Bd. 1-2, 2 aufl. (1936-39) 
Herzog, Theodor, Geographie der Moose (1926) 

Holandre, Jean Joseph Jacques, Faune du departemente de la Moselle (1836) 
Holder, Charles Frederick, Living lights, a popular account of phosphorescent 

animals and vegetables (1887) 
Kerner, Anton Joseph, Ritter von Marilaun, Pflanzenleben, 3 aufl. neubearb., 

3 V. (1913-16) 
Kerner, Anton Joseph, Ritter von Marilaun, and Francis Wall Oliver, The 

natural history of plants, their forms, growth, reproduction, and distribu- 
tion, 2 V. (1902) 
Kobelt, Wilhelm, Studien zur zoogeographie, 2 v. (1897-98) 
Kudo, Yushun, Taxonomy of Japanese useful trees and shrubs (Nihon yuyo 

jumoku bunruigaku) (1943) 
Linn^, Carl von, Caroli Linnaei Entomologia, faunae suecicae descriptionibus 

aucta, 4 v. (1789) 
Lister, Arthur, A monograph of the Mycetozoa, a descriptive catalog of the 

species in the Herbarium of the British Museum (1925) 
Lucas, H., Entomologie de Vexpedition de Castelnau dans les parties centres de 

I'Amerique du Sud (1843-47) 
Mellis, John Charles, St. Helena: a physical, historical and topographical 

description of the island, including its geology, fauna, flora and meteorology 

Miller, William, A dictionary of English names of plants applied in England 

and among English-speaking people to cultivated and wild plants, trees 

and shrubs (1884) 
Mousson, Joseph Rudolph Albert, Revision de la faune mMacologique des 

Canaries (1873) 
Oviedo y Valdes, Gonzalo Fernandez de, Historia general y natural de las 

Indias, islas y tierrafirme del mxir oceano, 14 v. (1844-45) 
Pabst, G., ed., Koehler's medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen abbildungen mil 

kurz erlduterndem Texte, 4 v. (18837-1914?) 
Rondani, Camillo, Dipterologiae italicae, facsimili ed., 8 v. (1856-80) 
Rossi, Pietro, Fauna Etrusca, sistens insecta quae in provinciis Florentina et 

Pisana praesertim collegit Petrus Rossius, 2 v. (1790) 
Scott, Dukinfield Henry, Studies in fossil botany, 3rd ed. (1920-23) 
Sim, Thomas Robertson, The ferns of South Africa, 2nd ed. (1915) 
Sowerby, James, English botany, 13 v. (1863-1902) 
Thunberg, Karl Peter, Dissertatio entomologica novas insectorum species, 

sistens insecta suecica, 9 pts. (1781-91) 

- — , Dissertatio entomologica sistens insecta suecica, 7 pts. (1784-95) 

Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen 

und nach ihrer Lebensweise, 40 pts. (1925-42) 
Tierwelt Mitteleuropas. Insecta, Bd. 4-6 (n.d.) 
Walker, Francis, Insecta Britannica. Diptera, v. 1-3 (1851-56) 
Watson, H. C, Compendium of the Cybele Britannica, 3 v. (1868-70) 
Zahlbruckner, Alexander, Catalogus lichenum universalis, 10 v. (1922-40) 



Abeille; journal d'entomologie (Societe Entomologique de France), v. 1-10 

Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica (Societas Phytogeographia), v. 3-14 

Anatomical record, v. 52-108 (1932-50) 

Anatomische nachrichten; amtliches organ der Anatomischen Gesellschaft, v. 1 — 

Annals of botany, n.s., v. 9 — (1945 — ) 

Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft, Berlin. Zeitschrift, v. 4-16, 18-22, 25-39 

Index of fungi, v. 1 — (1940 — ) 

Konowia: Beitrage zur systematischen Insektenkunde, v. 1 — (1922 — ) 

Linnaea entomologica. Zeitschrift hrsg. von dem Entomologischen Vereine 

in Stettin, v, 1-15 (1846-63) 
Magazin der entomologie. Hrsg. von Dr. E. F. Germar, 4 v. (1813-21) 
Magazin fur Insektenkunde. Hrsg. von Karl Illiger, v. 1-5 (1802-06) 
Munchner Koleopterologische Zeitschrift. Organ fur allgemeine Systematik 

der Koleopteren und fiir die Koleopteren-fauna der Palaarktischen 

Region, 3 v. (1902-08) 

Naturwissenschaften, Die, v. 23-37 (1935-50) 

Petites nouvelles entomologiques, v. 1-2, nos. 1-216 (1869-March 1879) 

Praehistorische zeitschrift, v. 1-4 (1902-12) 

Revue Suisse de Zoologie. Annales de la Societe Naturelle de Geneve, v. 1-53 

Societa Entomologica Italiana, Florence. Memorie, v. 1-9, 11-12 (1922-34) 
Societe Fouad ler d'Entomologie, Cairo, Bulletin, v. 1-9, 11-12, 14-21, 

24-29 (1908-45) 

Suomen Hyoenteistiellinen aikakauskirja (Annales Entomologici Fennici) 

V. 1-10 (1935-44) 
Wiener Entomologen Verein, Vienna. Zeitschrift, v. 1-27 (1916-42) 

One of the major current activities of the Library, the reclassi- 
fication of its collection according to the Library of Congress classi- 
fication, long retarded by the lack of an adequate cataloguing staff, 
made unusual progress during 1951 because of the assignment in 
March of a special separate project to each of the three classifiers. 
The outstanding progress made in classification this year is due 
primarily to the organizing ability of the Librarian, Mrs. Meta P. 
Howell, who has inspired her group of loyal and capable assistants 
to exert their best efforts in attaining the results noted. The fine 
co-operation of the Library staff with the members of our own 
scientific staff and with visitors interested in using the facilities of 
our Library is a matter in which the Museum takes keen pride. 

During the period from December, 1950, through November, 
1951, a total number of 7,267 volumes were classified under the 
Library of Congress classification. Of this number, 5,509 covered 
reclassified material and 1,758 new publications. The number of 


cards filed during the year in the author, title, and subject catalogue 
totaled 18,568. The complete report of volumes classified under 
Library of Congress classification to November 30, 1951, numbers 
30,724, with a total of 63,329 cards covering author, title, and 
subject entries. Approximately 750 volumes were sent to the 
bindery, including new and reclassified material. Weeding-out of 
material not directly related to the Museum's needs or falling within 
the scope of its activities has continued to provide valuable stack 
space for new acquisitions, including important serial publications 
of scientific societies and research organizations. 

Although interlibrary-loan service has long been an important 
function of the Library, the service continues to expand to include 
more allied institutions. A library is as essential to research as are 
modern equipment and methods, and yet libraries cannot hope to 
acquire all the vast amount of scientific research data now being 
published throughout the world. Thus the exchange of material 
through the co-operative system of interlibrary loan provides satis- 
factory distribution of data needed for research. The courtesy and 
co-operation of all libraries participating in this valuable endeavor 
is profoundly appreciated by the Museum Library. The exchange 
of both domestic and foreign publications has also expanded, and 
the Library now has an active file of 1,855 publications received 
in exchange. Revision of the exchange files is a daily procedure and, 
although some foreign files still are incomplete for the war years, 
the vast amount of correspondence outstanding should bring results 
in filling these gaps. In addition, the Library subscribes for 277 
scientific journals. The number of research publications received 
regularly, both in exchange and through subscription, totals 2,132, 
87 per cent of which number is received through exchange. 


The Museum film, "Through These Doors," has been used widely 
throughout the Middle West and occasionally in distant cities to 
tell the story of what the Museum is doing. Miss Harriet Smith, 
of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, left 
the Museum in September to make an extended tour with the film 
under the direction of the International Film Bureau of Chicago. 
She will return to the Museum in February, 1952. Work in the 
Division of Motion Pictures, in addition to the normal care of our 
films, consisted largely in producing short-subject films for the use 
of the Raymond Foundation. 



Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator, finished during the year more 
than 350 separate pieces of miscellaneous art work for the depart- 
ments and divisions of the Museum. Major projects, of which sixteen 
remained in progress at the end of the year, included illustrations 
for two series of Museum Stories for Children and for future publica- 
tions such as "The Orchids of Guatemala" and "Guide to the Birds 
of Mexico," semidiagrammatic floor plans for the Museum guide, 
drawings of the dentition of early Cretaceous mammals, and charts 
of diggings at a site of early culture in South America. The Division 
of Photography made during the year a total of 9,670 negatives, 
prints, enlargements, and lantern slides. More than 108,000 nega- 
tives are now in the photography files. 


From the standpoint of publicity the most important events of the 
year at the Museum were the opening of Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall 
(Hall 37) with its new series of spectacular exhibits of fossil inverte- 
brate animals and fossil plants and the acquisition for permanent 
exhibition of the gorilla Bushman of Lincoln Park Zoo after his 
death on New Year's Day. The press also gave generous amounts 
of space and impressive layouts of pictures and stories to the annual 
exhibit of nature photography sponsored by the Nature Camera 
Club of Chicago and the Museum, the special exhibit of the work 
of amateur jewelry craftsmen held at the Museum by the Chicago 
Lapidary Club, and other events. 

Stories released directly to the press by the Public Relations 
Counsel totaled 258. Many of them were accompanied by photo- 
graphs made by the Museum's staff photographer, while others 
attracted the attention of editors who assigned their own reporters 
and photographers to give more extensive coverage. As usual, 
publicity was augmented by issuing to newspapers advance proofs 
of the more important stories published in the Museum Bulletin 
and by a variety of other means customarily employed in public 
relations work. The Museum is pleased to make special acknowl- 
edgment to the publishers, executives, and editorial staffs of the 
Chicago Herald-American, Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, 
Chicago Daily News, Associated Press, Acme News Pictures, Inter- 
national News Service, United Press Association, Science Service, 
and International News Photos. For its important assistance in 



i^^J>J:SS»!jS^%S*^5SS< ,^ AV. 




A special exhibit, ''Peoples of the U. S. Trust Territory and Guam/' included a loan 
collection from Honolulu Academy of Arts and objects from the Museum collections. 

the transmission on frequent occasions of urgent news matter to tlie 
Chicago newspaper offices by its pneumatic tubes, special thanks 
are given to the City News Bureau of Chicago. Additional publicity, 
obtained through the co-operation of radio and television stations 
and networks, reached audiences on news broadcasting programs, 
feature programs, and educational forums. Among the radio stations 
and networks that contributed time to the Museum were WGN, 
tional Broadcasting Company, Mutual Broadcasting System, Ameri- 
can Broadcasting Company, and Columbia Broadcasting System. 

The Museum Bulletin was published and distributed regularly 
each month. This organ, which maintains monthly contact between 
the Museum and its several thousand Members, serves as a publica- 
tion for exchange with scientific and civic institutions and also 
for carrying information about the Museum to the press. Travel 
bureaus, department stores, civic agencies of many types, and the 
other museums of Chicago assisted in the distribution of many 
thousands of folders planned particularly to attract tourists in 
Chicago to visit the Museum. Posters advertising the Museum's 
two lecture courses for adults and the Raymond Foundation's three 
series of programs for children were placed on station platforms and 
in passenger coaches through the co-operation of the Chicago and 
North Western Railway, the Illinois Central System, the Chicago, 
Aurora and Elgin Railroad, and the Chicago Transit Authority. 



In accordance with the Museum's custom, a large part of the dis- 
tribution of its scientific pubHcations during the year was made 
without charge to the institutions and scientists in forty-seven 
states and seventy foreign countries with which the Museum has 
exchange relations. Forty-seven new exchanges were established. 
A total of 22,551 copies of scientific papers was distributed in 
exchange, while sales included 4,603 copies in the scientific series, 
7,900 copies in the popular series, and 28,549 copies of miscellaneous 
publications, most of which were copies of the General Guide to the 
Museum's exhibits (see page 89). It is of interest that twenty-one 
colleges and universities used the Museum's popular-series booklet 
Prehistoric Men as a supplementary text in 1951. For future dis- 
tribution 22,700 copies of publications were wrapped and stored. 

The Museum printed during the year twenty-nine publications 
in its scientific series, four (three reprints) in its popular series, one 
annual report, and nine indexes to volumes. The total number of 
copies printed was 52,546, of which 50,696 copies were printed by 
letterpress, with a total of 1,720 pages of type composition, and 
1,850 copies were printed by the Vari-type-offset process, with a 
total of 360 pages of Vari-type composition. Twelve numbers of 
Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 
6,000 copies an issue. Other work by letterpress included posters, 
price lists, lecture schedules. Museum labels, post cards. Museum 
stationery, and specimen tags, totaling 715,606 impressions. Two 
series of Museum Stories for Children and miscellaneous work by 
the Vari-type-offset process totaled 229,596 impressions. 

Publications printed in 1951 by the Division of Printing of 
Chicago Natural History Museum are: 


Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 37, 122 pages, 28 illustra- 
tions (reprint) 

Lewis, Albert B. 

People of the South Pacific, Handbooks, Anthropology, 259 pages, 60 illustra- 
tions (reprint) 

Martin, Richard A. 

Mummies, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 36, 18 pages, 20 illustrations 

QuiMBY, George I. 

The Medora Site, West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, Anthropological Series, 
vol. 24, no. 2, 59 pages, 21 illustrations 




QuiMBY, George I., and Alexander Spoehr 

Acculteration and Material Culture — /, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 36, 
no. 6, 41 pages, 29 illustrations 


Cuatrecasas, Josfi 

Contributions to the Flora of South America: Studies on Andean Compositae — //, 
Studies in South American Plants — ///, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 27, no. 2, 
113 pages, 7 illustrations 

Macbride, J. Francis 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, vol. 13, part 3A, no. 1, 290 pages 

Steyermark, Julian A., and Collaborators 

Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 28, no. 1, 242 
pages, 42 illustrations 


Denison, Robert H. 

Evolution and Classification of the Osteostraci and The Exoskeleton of Early 
Osteostraci, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 11, nos. 3 and 4, 64 pages, 18 illustrations 
Late Devonian Fresh-Water Fishes from the Western United States, Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 11, no. 5, 43 pages 12 illustrations 

HooiJER, Dirk A., and Edwin H. Colbert 

A Mastodont Tooth from Szechwan, China, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 12, 
6 pages, 2 illustrations 

Olson, Everett Claire 

Diplocaulus, A Study in Growth and Variation, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 11, 
no. 2, 115 pages, 18 illustrations 

Fauna of Upper Vale and Choza: 1-5, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 11, 
40 pages, 16 illustrations 

Roy, Sharat Kumar, and Robert Kriss Wyant 

The Benld Meteorite, Geological Series, vol. 7, no. 11, 13 pages 13 illustrations 


Davis, D. Dwight 

The Baculum of the Gorilla, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 54, 3 pages, 
1 illustration 

Haas, Fritz 

Non-Marine Shells from Borneo Collected by the Borneo Zoological Expedition, 
1950, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 52, 6 pages, 3 illustrations 
Remarks on and Descriptions of South American Non-Marine Shells, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 46, 43 pages, 30 illustrations 

Haas, Georg 

On the Clausiliidae of Palestine, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 45, 24 pages, 
8 illustrations 



Hershkovitz, Philip 

Mammals from British Honduras, Mexico, Jamaica and Haiti, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 47, 23 pages, 1 map 


Philippine Zoological Expedition, 1 91^6-1 9^7, Narrative and Itinerary, Fieldiana : 
Zoology, vol. 33, no. 1, 93 pages, 14 illustrations 

Mertens, Robert 

A New Lizard of the Genus Varanus from New Guinea, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 43, 5 pages, 1 illustration • 

Pope, Clifford H., and J. D. Romer 

A New Ranid Frog (Staurois) from the Colony of Hongkong, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 50, 4 pages, 2 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

Birds from Liberia, with a Discussion of Barriers between Upper and Lower 
Guinea Subspecies, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 9, 96 pages, 1 map 
Birds of Negros Island, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 48, 26 pages 
Review of the Subspecies of the Sunbird, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 49, 
11 pages, 1 map 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

Two New Mammxils from Southern Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 44, 
5 pages, 2 illustrations 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

The Truth about Snake Stories, Popular Series, Zoology, no. 10, 23 pages, 
9 illustrations 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Robert F. Inger 

Amphibians and Reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner Expedition to Brazil, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 31, no. 42, 27 pages, 1 illustration 

Seevers, Charles H. 

A Revision of the North American and European Staphylinid Beetles of the 
Subtribe Gyrophaenae, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 10, 105 pages, 26 

Story, H. Elizabeth 

The Carotid Arteries in the Procyonidae, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 32, no. 8, 82 
pages, 17 illustrations 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

A Review of the Woodpeckers Chrysoptilus melanochloros and C. melanolaimus, 

Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 41, 17 pages, 1 illustration 

Notes on Some Peruvian Birds, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 31, no. 51, 9 pages 

Woods, Loren P., and Robert H. Kanazawa 

New Species and New Records of Fishes from Bermuda, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 31, no. 53, 16 pages, 4 illustrations 


Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1950, 142 pages, 
24 illustrations 


co-operation with other institutions 

The research collections and laboratories of the Museum were open 
to scientists, as in past years, and through interlibrary loan the 
resources of its Library were available to other institutions. Twelve 
young men and women were employed in 1951 by the Museum in 
its scientific departments under the co-operative educational plan 
adopted in 1946 by the Museum and Antioch College, Yellow 
Springs, Ohio. The Museum continued its co-operative educational 
relations with the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, 
and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 

The Museum exhibits are used constantly by art students who 
seek authentic materials for their sketches, models, and designs. 
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago sends the greatest number 
of students to the Museum, and selected results of their work form 
a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall of the Museum for one month 
in the summer. Other art schools that use the Museum exhibits 
are Academy of Applied Arts, Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, and 
Institute of Design. Adult visitors in increasing numbers also use 
the Museum exhibits. These visitors range from officers in the 
Quartermaster Corps of the United States Army to students training 
to be teachers, who come from Ball State Teachers College, De Paul 
University, National College of Education, Pestalozzi-Froebel 
Teachers College, and Roosevelt College. 

Members of the staff continued to conduct classes at the Museum 
and to lecture before classes and seminars at several universities. 
Advanced courses in archaeology were held at the Museum for the 
University of Chicago by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of 
Anthropology, Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, and George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits. Dr. 
Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, gave a graduate 
course at the University of Chicago in the ethnology of Oceania and 
took part in a series of lectures on New World ethnology. Dr. 
Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, who was appointed to the 
faculty of the University of Chicago, lectured at the University of 
Chicago and, during the fall quarter, conducted a seminar at North- 
western University on speciation. The advanced course in vertebrate 
paleontology of the University of Chicago again was held at the 
Museum, with Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, Dr. Robert H. Denison, 
Curator of Fossil Fishes, and D. D wight Davis, Curator of Verte- 
brate Anatomy, participating in the program of lectures and labora- 
tory work. Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, lectured at the Gulf 


Karl Kettner, one of the student assistants at the Museum from Antioch College, 
is shown here preparing a fish skeleton in the new laboratory of the Division of Fishes. 

Coast Research Laboratory of the University of Mississippi and 
before the seminar in zoogeography at the University of IlHnois. 
As in other years classes in botany from the University of Chicago, 
University of Illinois, Roosevelt College, and Valparaiso University 
were taken on tours of the Museum's herbaria. 

A number of students carried on graduate or special study at 
the Museum under the supervision of staff members. Graduate 
students from the University of Chicago were Roger Grange, George 
Talbot, and Howard Winters, with Chief Curator Martin and Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology; Lawrence 
Kaplan, with Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany; 
John W. Thieret (Chicago Natural History Museum Fellow), with 
Chief Curator Just; Gordon Johnson, with Dr. Everett C. Olson, 
Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates; Robert F. Inger, Walter T. 
Stille, and Gordon Thurow, with Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
of Zoology; William J. Beecher, with Curator Davis; and Harry 
Nelson and Ronald Ward, with Alfred E. Emerson, Research 


Associate in Insects. Chester Hansen, graduate student at North- 
western University, is preparing his thesis under the direction of 
Chief Curator Just. 

Scientists from other institutions continued to use the research 
collections and laboratories of the Museum. Dr. Karin Hissink, 
of Frobenius Institute and Museum for Ethnology, Frankfurt-am- 
Main, Germany, visited the Museum to obtain information on 
museum techniques, organization, and current research. Dr. F. A. 
Kuttner, who is writing a book on the history of Chinese music, 
made a study, with the help of special electronic equipment, of the 
pitch and overtone characteristics of ancient Chinese jade gongs in 
the Museum's collection. Dr. Cesar Cisneros, director of the In- 
stitute of Anthropology and Geography, Quito, Ecuador, spent 
several days studying the anthropological exhibits and collections 
and conferring with the staff of the Department of Anthropology 
on methods of research, John C. Ewers, of the United States 
National Museum, examined the Blackfoot Indian collection; Dr. 
Erna Gunther, director of Washington State Museum, the North- 
west Coast Indian collection; Dr. David French, of Reed College, 
the Wasco Indian materials; and Ray Thompson, who is making 
a study of modern Maya ceramics for the Carnegie Institution, the 
collection of recent pottery from Yucatan. Junius Bird and Miss 
Joy Mahler, of the American Museum of Natural History, spent 
ten days photographing textiles of the Eastern Woodlands Indians 
and ancient pottery and textiles from Nazca, Peru, and conferred 
with Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, who is 
analyzing the plant material excavated by Mr. Bird at Huaca Prieta, 
Peru, the site of the earliest-known Indian farmers in South America. 
Dr. Moreau Maxwell, of Beloit College, and Robert Burgh conferred 
with the staff and made use of the collection of anthropological 
photographs and publications in connection with research projects 
of the Arctic-Desert-Tropic Information Center of the United States 
Army Air Force. Robert B. Fox, of the Philippine National Museum, 
spent several weeks going over the field notes of Dr. William Jones, 
who was killed in 1909 by Ilongot tribesmen while on a Museum 
expedition to study this group. 

E. D. Hester, for a long time economic advisor to the High 
Commissioner of the Philippine Islands and now research associate 
in the department of anthropology of the University of Chicago, 
has carried on important investigations in the Department of 
Anthropology of the Museum. His studies have been devoted to a 
re-examination of the Chinese pottery that he collected in the 
Philippine Islands and generously lent to the Museum and a thorough 


Enthusiastic junior nature'Students learn about the bongo from their group leader. 

analysis of the Museum's extensive ethnological research collections 
from the Philippines. P\irther, Mr. Hester has been of great aid in 
questions concerning Malayan ethnology, in which he is an expert. 
The Museum continued its co-operation with Dr. Willard F. Libby, 
of the Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, in his 
research on carbon- 14 dating by furnishing selected samples of 
vegetal material from Tularosa Cave, New Mexico, and, in order 
to check a discrepancy in dates previously obtained for two Early 
Nazca wood samples from the Museum's Peruvian collection, a 
sample of textile from an Early Nazca grave. 

Visiting botanists who consulted with the staff of the Depart- 
ment of Botany or used the Museum's botanical collections and 
laboratories include: A. R. Roos, M.D., Los Angeles; Colin Marshall, 
British Colonial Forest Service; Miss Jeanette Kryn, Richard D. 
Scott, and Dr. Rogers McVaugh, University of Michigan; Dr. 
Norman C. Fassett and Mason E. Hale, University of Wisconsin; 
Dr. Adolph Meyer-Abich, Instituto Tropical de Investigaciones 
Cientificas, Universidad Autonoma, El Salvador; Dr. E. Lucy Braun, 
Cincinnati; Dr. Harlan P. Banks, Cornell University; Dr. Fred 


Barkley, Chicago; Dr. Donovan S. Correll, Bureau of Plant Industry 
Station, Beltsville, Maryland; Dr. Dwight Moore, University of 
Arkansas; Dr. C. V. Morton, United States National Museum; 
Dr. David D. Keck, New York Botanical Garden; Dr. Lyman 
Benson, Pomona College; Dr. Hermann Silva, Michigan State 
College; Dr. William Bridge Cooke, Dr. George W. Fischer, and 
Dr. Charles G. Shaw, State College of Washington; Dr. F. R. 
Fosberg, Catholic University of America; Sister M. Cecelia Bodman, 
Mundelein College; Rodrigo G. Orellana, Quito, Ecuador; Dr. 
Maxwell S. Doty, University of Hawaii; Miss Martha Thurlow, 
Enoch Pratt Library, Baltimore; Dr. Bolton Davidheiser, Westmont 
College; Dr. Stanley R. Ames, University of Rochester; Dr. Max E. 
Britton, Northwestern University; Donald F. Chapp and Dr. Paul D. 
Voth, University of Chicago; and Dr. George A. Zentmyer, Jr., 
University of California. Dr. Roland W. Brown, paleobotanist, 
United States National Museum, examined the Upper Cretaceous 
and Lower Ecocene plants collected during the year by the staff 
of the Department of Geology. 

Scientists who continued important studies in the Department 
of Zoology were Dr. Walter C. Brown, Northwestern University; 
Dr. E. L. Du Brul, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois; 
Dr. Nicholas Hotton III, University of Kansas; Dr. Waldemar 
Meister, Chicago College of Osteopathy; and Dr. Edward M. Nelson, 
Strich School of Medicine, Loyola University. Dr. M. B. Troutman, 
of Franz Theodore Stone Institute of Hydrobiology, Put-in-Bay, 
Ohio, examined fishes of Ohio in the collections and was able to 
confirm records of species now extinct in the state. R. M. Darnell, 
whose extensive collection of fishes of Mexico is deposited in our 
collections, began extensive research on material from northwestern 
Mexico. Dr. Jos^ Herrera, of Santiago, Chile, spent four days in 
the study of Chilean butterflies, and Mrs. Katherine V. W. Palmer, 
of Cornell University, worked on the paratypes of mollusks in the 
Carpenter Collection, a part of the Webb Collection purchased by 
the Museum some years ago. The anatomy collections were con- 
sulted by W. B. Quay and P. S. Humphrey, of the University of 
Michigan; H. A. Ogren, of Montana State University; and Dr. C. C. 
Cheng, of Yenching University, Peking, China. D. S. Rabor, of 
Silliman University, first Guggenheim Fellow in zoology from the 
Philippines to study in the United States, prepared during his stay 
at the Museum comprehensive accounts of the vertebrates of Negros 
Island (on which Silliman University is located), in addition to 
several research papers. Leon R. Aboulafia, visiting fellow from the 
Biological Institute, Tel Aviv, Israel, studied museum techniques. 


Under the agreement between this Museum and the Institute 
Tropical de Investigaciones Cientificas of the Universidad Autonoma 
of El Salvador for co-operation in field work and scientific research 
(see 1950 Report, page 73), now known as the Salvadorean Project, 
Dr. Norman C. Fassett, of the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, and Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator 
of Birds, were sent to El Salvador by the Museum as its representa- 
tives in botany, geology, and zoology (see pages 29, 39, 47, and 55). 
The Museum thanks Dr. Carlos Llerena and Dr. Aristedes Palacios, 
directors of the Tropical Institute, and Dr. Adolph Meyer-Abich, 
technical director, for their kind helpfulness and Dr. Helmut Meyer- 
Abich, government geologist, for generous assistance in the field. 


Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, and members 
of the staff of the Department of Anthropology attended the annual 
meetings of the Society for American Archaeology and the Central 
States Branch of the American Anthropological Association at 
Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. The same staff mem- 
bers attended the fiftieth-anniversary meetings of the American 
Anthropological Association in Chicago, for which Dr. Alexander 
Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, was chairman of the program 
committee, Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, ehairman of local arrangements, and George I. 
Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, representative of the Society for 
American Archaeology. Curator Spoehr, who is chairman of the 
newly formed subcommittee on Pacific archaeology of the National 
Research Council, attended a special conference on coral atoll 
ecological research called in Washington, D.C., by the Pacific Science 
Board of the National Research Council and, later, two meetings of 
the advisory committee for the Board's program of ecological re- 
search on the coral atolls of the Pacific to plan field work. Curator 
Collier is representative of the American Anthropological Associa- 
tion to the National Research Council, member of the executive 
committee of the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the 
National Research Council, and member of the committee on 
carbon-14 dating of the American Anthropological Association and 
the Geological Society of America. He was chairman of the nominat- 
ing committee of the Society for American Archaeology, of which 
society Curator Quimby is secretary and Dr. John B. Rinaldo, 


Assistant Curator of Archaeology, is member of the executive com- 
mittee. Curator Rinaldo attended the Southwestern Archaeological 
Conference at Point of Pines, Arizona, and Curator Quimby attended 
a conference on Hopwellian pottery at Illinois State Museum. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, attended the meeting 
in Washington, D.C., of the Division of Geology and Geography 
of the National Research Council as chairman of the committee on 
paleobotany, the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of 
Evolution in Berkeley, California, as secretary of the society, and 
the meeting of the Botanical Society of America, American Institute 
of Biological Sciences, in Minneapolis. He is a member of the 
divisional committee of the Division of Biological Sciences of the 
National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., and of the American 
Society of Naturalists. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the 
Herbarium, conducted the Central States Section of the Botanical 
Society of America on a three-day field trip in the Ozarks of Missouri. 
As member of the committee on preservation of indigenous strains 
of maize of the National Research Council, Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, 
Curator of Economic Botany, attended a meeting in Washington, 
D.C., to discuss methods of collection and preservation of valuable 
native varieties of New World corn. 

Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, attended the 
annual meetings of the Geological Society of America in Detroit, 
and Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Robert H. Denison, 
Curator of Fossil Fishes, attended the concurrent meetings of the 
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Curator Denison was appointed 
to the committee on fish classification of the American Society of 
Ichthyologists and Herpetologists at its annual meeting held this 
year in Chicago Natural History Museum. 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, resigned the treasurer- 
ship of the Society for the Study of Evolution and was elected vice- 
president at the annual meeting of the society in Berkeley, California. 
He was made a member of the Board of Governors of the American 
Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists and was elected a 
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Emmet R. 
Blake, Associate Curator of Birds, attended the meetings of the 
American Ornithologists' Union in Montreal, and Dr. Fritz Haas, 
Curator of Lower Invertebrates, attended the meetings of the 
American Malacological Union in Buffalo. Dr. R. M. Strong, 
Research Associate in Anatomy, was elected a fifty-year member 
of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 
recognition of his fifty years of continuous membership. 


This shield of the Crow Indians will be shown in Hall 6 (Indians of the Plains). 

The Director of the Museum and Chief Curator Schmidt attended 
the annual meeting in Philadelphia of the American Association of 
Museums, where Chief Curator Schmidt gave an address on the 
functions of university museums as part of a sjnnposium on the 
problems of the university museum. The Director also attended 
the meeting of the council of the association. He visited during the 
year the Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, the American 
Museum of Natural History, New York, and the University Museum 
of the University of Pennsylvania and the Commercial Museum, 


Philadelphia. The midwinter conference in Chicago of the American 
Library Association and sessions of various professional library 
organizations were attended by Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian, 
and members of the Library staff. 

A number of staff members serve on editorial boards of scientific 
journals. Curator Spoehr continued his review editorship of the 
American Anthropologist (official journal of the American Anthro- 
pological Association). Chief Curator Just continued as editor of 
Lloydia (quarterly journal of biological science published by Lloyd 
Library and Museum, Cincinnati), as editor of Paleobotanical Report 
(published by the Division of Geology and Geography of the National 
Research Council), and as member of the editorial board of Evolution 
(international journal of organic evolution) and was appointed a 
member of the editorial board of American Journal of Botany (official 
publication of the Botanical Society of America). Curator Zangerl 
continued as foreign-news editor of the Society of Vertebrate Paleon- 
tology News Bulletin. Chief Curator Schmidt continued as section 
editor (amphibians and reptiles) of Biological Abstracts (published 
under the auspices of the Union of American Biological Societies), 
consulting editor of American Midland Naturalist (published by the 
University of Notre Dame), and member of the editorial board of 
Ecology (official publication of Ecological Society of America). 

Publications of staff members during 1951 besides those issued 
by Chicago Natural History Museum include the following: 


Collier, Donald 

"Carbon-14 Dating," in Essays on Archaeological Methods, edited by James B. 
Griffin (Anthropological Papers, Museum of Anthropology, University of 
Michigan, no. 8), pp. 97-101 

"New Radiocarbon Method for Dating the Past," reprinted from Chicago 
Natural History Museum Bulletin in Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 14, no. 1, 
pp. 25-28, and Museums Journal, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 41-43 

"Radiocarbon Dating, a Summary," American Antiquity, vol. 17, no. 1, 
part 2 (memoir no. 8), pp. 58-62 [with Frederick Johnson, Froelich Rainey, 
and R. F. Flint] 

Review of Indians of Peru (by Pierre Verger), in American Anthropologist, 
vol. 53, no. 2, p. 273 

Martin, Paul S. 

"The Peoples of Pine Lawn Valley," Scientific American, vol. 185, no. 1, 
pp. 46-51 

"The Southwestern Co-Tradition," Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 
vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 215-229 [with John B. Rinaldo] 



Spoehr, Alexander 

"Dioramas and Archaeology," Archaeology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 71-75 

"John Fee Embree, 1908-1950" (obituary), Human Organization, vol. 10, 

no. 1, pp. 33-34 

Review of Anthropology in the Trust Territory Administration (by Philip 

Drucker), in Clearinghouse Bulletin of Research in Human Organization, vol. 1, 

no. 1, p. 17 
' Review of The Pacific Islands and Planning Micronesia's Future (by Douglas 

Oliver), in Human Organization, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 42-43 



"New Proteaceae from Colombia," Lloydia, vol. 13, pp. 198-204 

"New Species of Lueheopsis and Quararibea," in "Plantae Austro-Americanae 

VII" by Richard Evans Schultes, Botanical Museum Leaflets (Harvard Uni- 

University), vol. 15, pp. 49-55 

"Notas a la Flora de Colombia XI," Revista de la Academia Colombiana de 

Ciencias, vol. 8, pp. 33-64 

Cutler, Hugh C. 

"The Geographic Origin of Maize," Chronica Botanica, vol. 12, no. 4-6, pp, 

Drouet, Francis 

"Cyanophyta," in Manual of Phycology by G. M. Smith and others (Waltham, 
Massachusetts: The Chronica Botanica Company), pp. 159-166 (chapter 8) 

Just, Theodor 

"Anton Kerner von Marilaun," in The Background of Plant Ecology by 

Henry S. Conrad (Iowa State College Press), pp. 5-6 

"Citation of Specimens in Cytotaxonomic Literature," Evolution, vol. 5, no. 3, 

pp. 280-281 

"Geologia y Distribucion de las Plantas," Anuario del Instituto Tropical de 

Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad Autonoma de El Salvador, vol. 1, pp. 


"Mesozoic Plant Microfossils and Their Geologic Significance," Journal of 

Paleontology, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 729-735 

Report of the Committee on Paleobotany, No. 19, 10 pages, mimeographed, 

Report of the Committee on Paleobotany, No. 20, 20 pages, mimeographed, 

Report of the Committee on Paleobotany, No. 21, 31 pages, mimeographed 

(Washington, D.C.: National Research Council, Division of Geology and 


Review of A Revision of Fossil Sequoia and Taxodium in Western North 

America Based on the Recent Discovery of Metasequoia (by Ralph W. Chaney), 

in Journal of Paleontology, vol. 25, no. 4, p. 542 

Review of Flore du Congo Beige et du Ruanda-Urundi, Spermatophytes (by 

W. Robyns and others), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 


Review of Les Legumineuses du Gabon (by Francois Pelligrin), in Quarterly 

Review of Biology, vol. 26, no. 3, p. 293 

Review of Plant Embryology, Embryogeny of the Spermatophyta (by Donald 

Johansen), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 395-397 

Review of Plants of Bikini and Other Northern Marshall Islands (by William 

Randolph Taylor), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 394-395 

Review of The Piperaceae of Northern South America (by William Trelease 

and Truman G. Yuncker), in Botanical Gazette, vol. 112, no. 4, p. 536 



Sherff, Earl E. 

"A Revision of the Hawaiian Island Genus Nototrichium Hillebr. (fam. 

Amaranthaceae)," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 4, 

pp. 2-20 

"Dahlia Moorei, a New Dahlia (fam. Compositae) from Northwestern 

Hidalgo," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 5, pp. 22-24 

"Epiphytum, a New Section of the Genus Dahlia Ca. (fam. Compositae)," 

in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 4, p. 21 

"Miscellaneous Notes on New or Otherwise Noteworthy Dicotyledonous 

Plants," American Journal of Botany, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 54-73 

"New Entities in the Genus Cheirodendron Nutt. ex. Seem. (fam. Araliaceae) 

from the Hawaiian Islands," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), 

no. 5, pp. 2-14 

"Notes upon Certain New or Otherwise Interesting Plants of the Hawaiian 

Islands and Colombia," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), 

no. 3, pp. 2-8 

"Some New or Otherwise Noteworthy Members of the Genus Bidens L. 

(fam. Compositae) from Tropical East Africa," in Botanical Leaflets (published 

by the author), no. 5, pp. 14-22 

"Two Hawaiian Species of the Genus Sophora L. (fam. Leguminosae)," in 

Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 5, pp. 24-25 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"A Glabrous Variety of Silphium terebinthinaceum," Rhodora, vol. 53, pp. 


"A New Utricularia from Honduras," Ceiba, vol. 1, pp. 125-126 

"Botanical Areas in the Missouri Ozarks," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 

vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 126-135 

"Plant Survey of Missouri," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 39, 

no. 2, pp. 31-38 

"The Genus Tapeinostemon (Gentianaceae)," Lloydia, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 58-64 

"The Snow Trillium," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 



Patterson, Bryan 

"Early Cretaceous Mammals from Northern Texas," American Journal of 
Science, vol. 249, pp. 31-46 

"Evolutionary Importance of the South African 'Man-Apes,' " Nature, vol. 
167, p. 650 [with S. L. Washburn] 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"The Age of the Earth," Pick and Dop Stick, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 2-6 


Dybas, Henry S. 

"Albert Burke Wolcott, 1869-1950," ColeopterisVs Bulletin, vol. 15, pp. 33-38, 
1 illustration 

Grey, Marion 

"Additions to the Fish Fauna of Bermuda, with the Description of Grammo- 
nus mowbrayi, a New Brotulid," Copeia, 1951, no. 2, pp. 153-161, 2 illustrations 



Haas, Fritz 

"Notes on Some Streptaxids," Nautilus, vol. 64, pp. 133-134 

Pope, Clifford H. 

"A Study of the Salamander Plethodon ouachitae and the Description of an 
Allied Form," Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 129-152, 
6 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A Blue Jay's World," Bulletin to the Schools, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 189-192 

"Boardman Conover, 1892-1950," Auk, vol. 68, pp. 17-23 [with S. Gregory] 

"Geographical Variation in the Pearl-spotted Owlet, Glaucidium perlatum 

(Vieillot)," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 86, pp. 1-6 

"H. B. Conover's Bird Work in the Yukon," Canadian Field-Naturalist, 

vol 64, no. 6, pp. 214-220 

"On Enemy Recognition," Auk, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 524-525 

"The Nests and Eggs of Mesoenas unicolor of Madagascar," Auk, vol. 68, 

no. 1, pp. 23-26 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

"Mammals from Marcapata, Southeastern Peru," Publicaciones del Museo 
de Historia Natural "Javier Prado," Lima, Peru, Ser. A., Zoologia, no. 6, 
pp. 1-26 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Annotated Bibliography of Marine Ecological Relations of Living Am- 
phibians," Marine Life Occasional Papers, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 43-46 
"Annotated Bibliography of Marine Ecological Relations of Living Reptiles 
(except Turtles)," Marine Life Occasional Papers, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 47-54 
* "The Amphibia and Pisces in the First Edition of the Systema Naturae," 
Copeia, 1951, no. 1, pp. 2-7 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

"Notes on the Barbet Genus Eubucco (Capitonidae) in Southern Peru," Auk, 
vol. 68, pp. 508-510 


It seems almost incredible that the Book Shop, founded in 1939 
with an appropriation of $1,000, has so well served Museum visitors 
that its net sales during the year exceeded $56,000. The principal 
purpose of the Book Shop continues to be that of providing authorita- 
tive books written in popular style on the subject-matter within 
the scope of the Museum. In response to popular demand, souvenirs 
and novelties have been added to our inventory, and this merchandise 
now accounts for an important proportion of total sales. The pro- 
ceeds of the Book Shop have been used to create a new endowment 
fund for general Museum purposes. This fund at the end of the 
year totaled slightly more than $67,000. 



Another popular service of the Museum is the cafeteria and lunch- 
room. The total number of persons served this year was 309,370, 
an increase of more than 27,000 over last year, A study was made 
during the year of operations in the kitchen, with the result that 
several new pieces of equipment were added. These are listed in 
this Report in the following section. 


The program of moving, remodeling, and reconditioning storage and 
research areas took a large percentage of the time and effort of the 
Divisions of Maintenance and Engineering, Work was completed 
for the new quarters of the Division of Fishes and started on the 
newly assigned adjacent area in Hall B for the Division of Reptiles, 
The Division of Anatomy was moved and expanded, and twenty- 
four bays of steel shelving with doors were installed and steel doors 
were applied to fifty-four cases built in our own shops. The Division 
of Insects was expanded into the area vacated by the anatomists, 
with the installation of twenty-four bays of library shelving and 
forty-eight new cases of either steel or aluminum. Eighteen steel 
cases were installed for the Division of Mammals and twenty-eight 
for the Division of Fossil Plants. The Herbarium received one new 
six-door case and four eight-door cases. The necessary construction, 
lighting, and painting were done to permit the reopening of Hall 5 
(Mary D. Sturges Hall) in the Department of Anthropology and 
the new Hall of Fossil Invertebrate Animals and Fossil Plants 
(Hall 37, Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall) . An exhaust hood was installed 
and placed in operation in the plant-poisoning room, and an over- 
head hoist system was installed in one of the anthropology prepara- 
tion rooms. The botany departmental library was enlarged by 
closing off certain adjacent unnecessary corridor space. Necessary 
bookshelves were installed and the new area was adequately lighted. 
Five new map cases were installed in the office of the Chief Curator 
of Geology, The Division of Photography was extensively remodeled. 
In the James Simpson Theatre 250 chair seats and ten backs 
were reupholstered, and this work will continue in the coming year. 
It is impossible and fortunately unnecessary to recount all the details 
of the continual maintenance within the building, for, as with all 
large buildings, repairs are endless. Cleaning and painting of the 
building, improvement of lighting equipment, and replacement of 


Books for children, books on natural history and anthropology, picture post-cards, 
and souvenirs make the Museum Book Shop a favorite spot for visitors of all ages. 

burned-out bulbs go on ceaselessly. So, too, the Museum shops 
are constantly being called upon to make, invent, or devise labor- 
saving devices and auxiliary equipment for the various departments 
and divisions of the Museum. Every new or special exhibit, though 
planned in the scientific departments, calls heavily upon mainte- 
nance personnel for execution. 

Keeping a building weatherproof in a very exposed position in 
a northern climate requires eternal vigilance and unceasing attention. 
During the year a weatherproofing compound was applied to the 
black-topped terrace areas between the upper and lower flights of 
steps. Both the north and the south steps were tuckpointed. Ex- 
perimentation was continued with certain mastic compounds to find 
the one that best meets the requirement of adhesive and elastic 
qualities to waterproof the joints between the marble blocks that 
constitute the exterior of the building. Test coatings of water- 
proofing materials were sprayed on four areas, preparatory to a 
future project of coating the entire outside of the building. Eighty 


broken skylight glasses were replaced and the entire skylight was 
washed. Thermopane windows were installed in the Division of 
Fishes on the ground floor and in all windows on the west fagade on 
the third floor. Heating economies and elimination of condensation 
of moisture on the windows result from these installations. The 
windows on the south wall of Hall 34 were bricked up, preparatory 
to the complete reinstallation of the hall by the Department of 
Geology. New lighting conduits and outlets were provided so that 
the new installation may be entirely case-lighted. 

Together with the normal maintenance of the building we are 
carrying out a program of modernization with regard to electric 
lighting. Replacement of old-type equipment with modern fluores- 
cent lighting gives considerably better visibility to our exhibits and 
results in important savings of electric current. We are gradually 
shifting from general lighting to case lighting and are doing the work 
as fast as materials are obtainable. During the summer months 
extensive repairs are habitually made in the heating system of the 
building. A change in the angle of slope of certain return lines 
gave considerably better efficiency to the heating plant. The coal 
conveyor was overhauled. Twenty-five new buckets were installed, 
several sheets and channels replaced, and exposed steel was painted 
to retard corrosion. The usual summer inspection and care were 
given to boilers, pumps, and accessory equipment. In the cafeteria 
the scullery sink was replaced with a new three-compartment sink, 
and a new deep-fat frier and a steam-chef cooker were purchased 
and installed. Under existing contracts with the Chicago Park 
District and the Shedd Aquarium 39,725,966 pounds of steam were 
furnished at 100-pound pressure. Total steam generated throughout 
the year amounted to 72,794,850 pounds. 


In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 





FOR YEARS 1951 AND 1950 
Operating Fund 

INCOME 1951 195* 

From investments of: 

General endowment funds $ 689,554.11 $ 694,106.31 

Life and associate membership funds 27,335.22 25,106.83 

$ 716,889.33 $ 719,213.14 

Chicago Park District 128,620.29 128,776.81 

Annual and sustaining memberships 20,305.00 19,880.00 

Admissions 33,335.00 30,310.25 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 34,736.16 30,851,09 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (per contra) 106,812.52 65,818.3 4 

$1,040,698.30 $ 994,849.6^ 



Purchases and expedition costs $ 77,777.27 $ 39,483.34 

Museum operating expenses capitalized. . , . 61,916.51 75,141.85 

$ 139,693.78 $ 114,625.19 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 57,083.42 57,322.60 

Pensions and group and life-insurance pre- 
miums 74,072.46 72,620.66 

Departmental operating expenses 101,587.66 105,501.80 

General operating expenses 537,143.12 520,451.01 

Building repairs and alterations 108,066.22 118,653.06 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(per contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Provision for contingencies (per contra) 10,000.00 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of The 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension 
(per contra) 421.27 863.74 

$1,038,067.93 $1,000,038.06 

PENDITURES $ 2,630.37 $ (5,188.43) 





The N. W. Harris Public School 

Extension 1951 1950 

Income from endowments $ 20,208.02 $ 19,625.98 

Expenditures 20,629.29 20,489.72 


(PER CONTRA) $ 421.27 $ 863.74 

Other Restricted Funds 


From Specific Endowment Fund investments . $ 49,005.36 $ 43,962.32 

Contributions for specified purposes 36,850.65 25,804.62 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation and contingencies (per 

contra) 20,000.00 10,000.00 

Sundry receipts— net 25,803.33 21,986.02 

$ 131,659.34 $ 101,752.96 


Transferred to Operating Fund to apply 

against expenditures (per contra) $ 106,812.52 $ 65,818.34 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 25,000.00 

$ 131,812.52 $ 65,818.34 

PENDITURES $ (153.18) $ 35,934.62 

To THE Trustees 

Chicago Natural History Museum 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion the accompanying statement presents fairly the income and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1950 and 1951, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the periods. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young and Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 31, 1952 



FOR YEARS 1951 AND 1950 

1951 1950 

Total attendance 1,251,752 1,173,661 

Paid attendance 133,340 121,241 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 32,771 31,474 

School children 87,590 81,601 

Teachers 4,387 3,675 

Members 492 531 

Service men and women 3,128 1,061 

Special meetings and occasions 3,377 4,083 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 172,376 (52) 161,721 

Saturdays (52) 316,178 (52) 309,188 

Sundays (52) 498,210 (52) 459,086 

Highest attendance on any day 

(September 2) '. 16,266 (September 3) 13,889 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 21) 61 (December 6) 98 

Highest paid attendance (September 3) . . 4,244 (September 4) 3,100 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 3,448 (363 days) 3,233 

Average paid admissions (207 days) 644 (207 days) 586 

Copies of General Guide sold 25,410 21,722 

Number of articles checked 43,321 31,802 

Number of picture post-cards sold 228,192 177,051 

Sales of Museum publications (both scien- 
tific and popular) and photographs; 

rental of wheel chairs $10,865.19 $13,177.60 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deduxitions in computing net income for federal income tax. 




Abramowski, Harold, Chicago: 1 
full-grooved axe, 2 celts, 2 small pro- 
jectile points, 3 large points, 2 scrapers 
— Waukesha County, Wisconsin (gift) 

Arizona State Museum, Tucson: 
67 archaeological specimens — Ventana 
Cave, Papago Indian Reservation, Ari- 
zona (exchange) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1951) : 3,889 specimens, including stone, 
bone, clay, pottery, leather, wood, 
cordage, woven, and miscellaneous 
perishable artifacts — Cordova Cave, 
Negrito Cave, Kiehne Pueblo, Negrito 
Cliff Dwelling, and Fox Farm Site 
Kiva, near Reserve, New Mexico 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Micronesia Anthropological Expedi- 
tion, 1949-50): 50 specimens, including 
pottery sherds, and artifacts of stone, 
shell, and metal — Rota, Mariana Is- 
lands; 9 specimens, including pottery 
jar, shell adze, and 7 lots of pottery 
sherds — Babeldaob, Palau Islands 

Purchases: 75 ethnological specimens, 
100 photographs and negatives — Upper 
Orinoco, Venezuela; 2 Menomini Indian 
medicine pouches — Neopit, Wisconsin; 
2 lava lavas — Micronesia; 1 coconut 
grater — Caroline Islands, Micronesia 

Denver Art Museum, Denver, 
Colorado: 1 Huron feather headdress — 
Quebec; 1 Cochiti leather mask — 
Cochiti Pueblo, New Mexico (exchange) 

Faust, Kitty, Evanston, Illinois: 1 
piece of tapa — Tongatabu, Tonga, 
Polynesia (gift) 

Logan Museum, Beloit College, 
Beloit, Wisconsin: 73 specimens, in- 
cluding Mandan and Arikara stone and 
bone artifacts and pottery sherds — 
North and South Dakota (exchange) 

Manierre, Francis E., Chicago: 2 
carved wood staffs of African chief tans 
— Southeast Africa (gift) 

National Museum of Mexico, 
Mexico City, Mexico: 1,126 archaeo- 
logical specimens — Mexico (exchange) 

Peabody Museum of American 
Archaeology and Ethnology, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: type collection 
of archaeological material — Code, Pan- 
ama (exchange) 

Smith, Mrs. Isabel Coldren, Glen- 
coe, Illinois: 1 Sioux dress, 1 pipe bag, 
2 arrows, 1 pipe and pipe cover — West- 
ern Plains, United States (gift) 

Starbuck, Mrs. Fred L., North- 
brook, Illinois: 1 copper spear head — 
Camp McCoy, near Sparta, Wisconsin 

Wahl, Orlin I., Evanston, Illinois: 
1 perforated stone, 2 pipes, 1 celt, 1 
copper crescent — McHenry County, 
Illinois (gift) 

Wright, William Ryer, Highland 
Park, Illinois: 2 Late North Coast 
blackware pottery vessels — North Coast 
of Peru; 5 Indian pipes, pipe bowls, 
and stems, and 1 Spanish knife — North 
America (gift) 


Allan Hancock Foundation, Los 
Angeles: 160 specimens of algae (ex- 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Chicago: 6 
specimens of algae, 8 plant specimens 

Bender, William E., Naperville, 
Illinois: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Bialik, Anthony, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen, 13 cryptogamic specimens 

Bishop Museum, Bernice P., Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii, T.H.: 31 plant specimens 

Blomquist, Dr. H. L., Durham, 
North Carolina: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift) 


Blum, Dr. John L., Buffalo: 14 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

BOELCKE, OsvALDO, Acassuso, Argen- 
tina: 70 plant specimens (exchange) 

Botanic Garden, Gothenburg, 
Sweden: 100 plant specimens, 145 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

BOTANISKA Museet, Uppsala, Swed- 
en: 38 plant specimens, 724 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Braun, Dr. E. Lucy, Cincinnati: 3 
plant specimens (gift) 

Brown, William L., Johnston, Iowa: 
4 economic specimens (gift) 

Bumzahem, Carlos, Chicago: 39 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

California, University of, Ber- 
keley: 320 cryptogamic specimens (gift); 
182 plant specimens, 576 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Carlson, Dr. Margery C, Evans- 
ton, Illinois: 51 cryptogamic specimens 

Carnegie Institution of Washing- 
ton, Stanford University, California: 
91 plant specimens (gift) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 339 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Cassel, William A., Philadelphia: 
24 cultures of algae (gift) 

Castanbda, R. Romero, Bogota, 
Colombia: 89 plant specimens (gift) 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 2 specimens of algae (gift) 

Chapp, Donald F., Chicago: 3 cul- 
tures of algae (gift) 

Chase, Virginius H., Peoria Heights, 
Illinois: 5 plant specimens, 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler and 

Jack Reeves (Southwest Botanical 

Field Trip, 1951): 449 plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren 
(Cuba Botanical Expedition, 1950-51): 
2 cryptogamic specimens 

Collected by D. D wight Davis and 
Robert F. Inger (Borneo Zoological 
Expedition, 1950): 21 plant specimens, 
15 cryptogamic specimens 

Collected by Emil Sella and Samuel 
H. Grove, Jr. (Florida Botanical Field 
Trip, 1951): 7 cryptogamic specimens 

Purchases: 200 plant specimens — 
Spain; 410 plant specimens — Peru; 94 
plant specimens — Africa 

Cocke, Dr. E. C, Wake Forest, 
North Carolina: 3 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Conservatoire Botanique, Geneva, 
Switzerland: 2,104 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Cooke, Dr. William Bridge, Love- 
land, Ohio: 5 cryptogamic specimens 

COPULOS, Milton, Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Cribb, Dr. a. B., New South Wales, 
Australia: 63 specimens of algae (ex- 

Culberson, William L., Cincinnati: 
38 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis: 
2 specimens of algae (gift) 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis: 53 
specimens of algae (gift); 85 specimens 
of algae (exchange) 

Degener, Dr. Otto, Honolulu, 
Hawaii, T.H.: 7 specimens of algae 

DiLLER, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 
54 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Dones, Mathias, Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Honolulu, 
Hawaii, T.H.: 152 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Duke University, Durham, North 
Carolina: 100 plant specimens (ex- 

DuNKESON, R. L., Willow Springs, 
Missouri: 26 plant specimens (gift) 

Edesio M., Dr. I., Porto Alegre, 
Brazil: 20 plant specimens (gift) 

Edmondson, Dr. W. T., Seattle: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

EscuELA Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 862 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

EwAN, Dr. Joseph, New Orleans: 6 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Fitzgerald, George P., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 5 cryptogamic specimens 

Flint, Dr. L. H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 7 cryptogamic specimens 

Freeman, R. B., Western Springs, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Fritsch, Professor F. E., Cam- 
bridge, England: 4 specimens of algae 

Fuller, Dr. George D., Spring- 
field, Illinois: 3 plant specimens (gift) 


GiLTNER, Dr. L. T., Washington, 
D.C.: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Greenberg, Albert, Tampa, Florida : 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Gross, R. A., La Ceiba, Honduras: 
1 plant specimen (gift) 

Grow, Ray, and Simon Segal, Chi- 
cago: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

GuBA, Dr. E. F., Waltham, Massa- 
chusetts: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 40 crypto- 
gamic specimens (exchange) 

Herre, Dr. a. W., Olympia, Wash- 
ington: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Hewetson, W. T., Freeport, IlUnois: 
1 plant specimen (gift) 

Holmes, E. D., Hinsdale, Illinois: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

HuMM, Dr. Harold J., Tallahassee, 
Florida: 3 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield: 
125 plant specimens (gift); 50 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Iltis, Dr. Hugh, St. Louis: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Imshaug, H. a., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 3 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Institute of Jamaica, Kingston: 72 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Instituto Agronomico do Norte, 
Belem, Brazil: 4 plant specimens (gift) 

Instituto Agropecuario Nacional, 
Guatemala City, Guatemala: 6 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Instituto de Botanica, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 36 plant specimens (exchange) 

Instituto Geobiologico, Porto 
Alegre, Brazil: 33 plant specimens (ex- 

Isely, Dr. Duane, Ames, Iowa: 127 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Jardim Botanico, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 141 plant specimens (exchange) 

Joly, Dr. Aylthon B., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 42 cryptogamic specimens 

Kaiser, Margaret, Carbondale, Illi- 
nois: 1 microscope slide of wood section 

KiLLiP, Dr. E. p., Summerland Key 
P. O., Florida, and J. Francis Mac- 
bride, Stanford University, California: 
6 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Kjellmert, Gosta, Arboga, Sweden: 
500 plant specimens (exchange) 

Kleerekoper, Dr. Herman, Hamil- 
ton, Ontario, Canada: 331 specimens of 
algae (gift) 

KocK, Dr. Leo F., Bakersfield, 
California: 57 cryptogamic specimens 

Kraus, E. J., Chicago: 2,000 nega- 
tives (gift) 

Lambert, Ronald J., Lake Zurich, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens: (gift) 

Lasker, Dr. Rueben, Coral Gables, 
Florida: 6 specimens of algae (gift) 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago: 7 
plant specimens (gift) 

Lindstedt, Dr. Alf., Yotad, Sweden: 
4 specimens of algae (gift) 

Llano, Dr. George A., Washington, 
D.C.: 12 specimens of algae (gift) 


Illinois: 68 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Louisiana State University, Baton 
Rouge: 2 specimens of algae (exchange) 

Lund, University of, Lund, Sweden: 
176 cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Macbride, J. Francis, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 129 specimens of 
algae (gift) 

Madsen, Dr. Grace C, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 38 specimens of algae (gift) 

Mason, Dr. Charles T., Jr., Madi- 
son, Wisconsin: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Matuda, Eizi, Mexico City, Mexico: 
70 plant specimens (exchange) 

Mauro, Salvatore, Miami, Florida: 
1 plant specimen (gift) 

May, Dr. Valerie, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia: 10 specimens of algae (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 110 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Miranda, Dr. Faustino, Chapul- 
tepec, Mexico, D.F.: 6 plant specimens 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 160 plant specimens (gift); 175 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Moore, Dr. Dwight, Fayetteville, 
Arkansas: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Muller, Dr. C. H., Santa Barbara, 
CaUfornia: 82 plant specimens (gift) 

Museum National d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Paris, France: 150 crypto- 
gamic specimens (exchange) 


Naturhistorisches Museum, 
Vienna, Austria: 1,600 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Newton, Linda, London, England: 
2 specimens of algae (gift) 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 22 specimens of algae (gift); 
189 photographs of plant specimens, 
25 type photographs, 186 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 4 plant specimens (gift) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., and Dr. 
Grace C. Madsen, Tallahassee, Florida: 
556 specimens of algae (gift) 

Ohwi, J., Tokyo, Japan: 200 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Oregon Wood Chemical Company, 
Springfield: 1 economic specimen (gift) 

Palmer, E. J., Webb City, Missouri: 
209 plant specimens (gift) 

Palumbo, Ralph F., Seattle: 1 cryp- 
togamic specimen (gift) 

Pennsylvania, University of, Phila- 
delphia: 124 cryptogamic specimens, 
520 plant specimens (exchange) 

Philippines, Republic of the. De- 
partment OF Agriculture and Nat- 
ural Resources, Bureau of Forestry, 
Manila: 32 wood specimens (gift) 

Philippines, University of the, 
Quezon City, Philippine Islands: 323 
specimens of algae (exchange) 

PococK, Dr. Mary A., Cape Town, 
South Africa: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Proctor, V. W., Columbia, Missouri: 
2 specimens of algae (gift) 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Rhodehamel, John, Indianapolis: 2 
plant specimens (gift) 

Richards Fund, Donald: 58 mosses, 
32 corallines algae, 310 lichens, 500 
cryptogams, 282 specimens of fungi, 122 
cryptogams from Canada; 800 speci- 
mens of mosses (Herbarium of I. 
Hagen); 235 specimens of marine algae, 
290 specimens of fungi from North 
America, 111 specimens of moss from 
New Zealand; 166 cryptogams from 
Wisconsin, 343 cryptogams (Herbarium 
of A. B. Seymour) 

Richards Fund, Elmer J.: 625 speci- 
mens of lichens from Scandinavia, 
5,600 specimens of lichens, 20,000 
cryptogamic specimens 

Rijksherbarium, Leiden, Nether- 
lands: 23 specimens of algae (exchange) 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
England: 70 plant specimens (exchange) 

Saeger, Dr. Albert, Kansas City, 
Missouri: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Sainsbury, G. O. K., Wairoa, New 
Zealand: 125 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange for publication) 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 29 plant specimens, 2 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift) 

Schwerdtfeger, Dr. F., Guatemala 
City, Guatemala: 39 pinus (gift) 

Scolnik, Dr. Rosa, Cordoba, Argen- 
tina: 49 plant specimens (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 12 specimens 
of fungi (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 77 
plant specimens, 119 negatives, 123 
photographic prints (gift) 

SiLVA, Herman, East Lansing, Michi- 
gan: 2 specimens of algae (gift) 

SouKUP, J., Lima, Peru: 47 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Standley, Paul C, Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Stannard, Dr. Lewis, Urbana, Illi- 
nois: 4 plant specimens (gift) 

Staszkus, Adam, Chicago: 1 crypto- 
gamic specimen (gift) 

Stevenson, Dr. John L., Beltsville, 
Maryland: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Steyermark, Mrs. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 79 plant specimens 

SwiNK, Floyd E., Chicago: 644 plant 
specimens (gift) 

SwiNK, Floyd E., and A. S. Rouffa, 
Chicago: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Taylor, Dr. William R., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 60 specimens of algae (gift) 

Templeton, Dr. Bonnie C, Los 
Angeles: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Thieret, John W., Chicago: 187 
plant specimens, 2 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D.C: 179 
plant specimens (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
D.C: 10 specimens of algae, 20 plant 
specimens (gift) ; 234 cryptogamic speci- 
mens, 947 plant specimens (exchange) 

Uribe, p. Uribe, Bogotd, Colombia: 
14 plant specimens (gift) 

Van Tress, Robert, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 


Vargas C, Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 30 
specimens of algae (gift) 

Vatter, Albert, Urbana, Illinois: 
33 ferns (gift) 

Veloso, Dr. Henrique P., Santa 
Catarina, Brazil: 33 plant specimens 

Vienna, University of, Botanisches 
Institut und Botanischer Garten, 
Vienna, Austria: 200 plant specimens 

VoTH, Dr. Paul D., Chicago: 5 speci- 
mens of algae (gift) 

Walker, Harry G., Langhorne, 
Pennsylvania: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

Washington, University of, Seattle : 
213 plant specimens (exchange) 

Whitehouse, Dr. Eula, Dallas, 
Texas: 142 specimens of algae (gift) 

Whittaker, Thomas W., La Jolla, 
California: 8 economic specimens (ex- 

Williams, Llewellyn, Randolph, 
Wisconsin: 112 economic specimens, 17 
wood specimens (gift) 

Williams, Dr. Louis O., Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: 6 plant specimens (gift) 

Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 111 plant specimens (gift) 

Wisconsin, University of, Madison : 
19 plant specimens (gift) 

Wood, Miriam, Chicago: 3 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift) 


Bridwell, L. H., Forestburg, Texas: 
fossil fish-tooth — Texas (gift) 

Buchanan, F. D., Chicago: 2 fossil 
invertebrates — IlUnois and Indiana (gift) 

California, University of, Berke- 
ley: collection of fossil fish — various 
localities (gift) 

Carter, Alick L., Kenmore, New 
York: 4 fossil-fish specimens — New 
York (gift) 

Chalmers Crystal Fund: germanite 
crystal — Africa (gift) 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
fossil vertebrates, paleobotany collec- 
tion — various localities (gift) 


Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 

(Eastern States Paleontological Field 

Trip, 1951): 207 fossil-fish specimens — 

various localities 

Collected by George Langford, Mrs. 
Langford, Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whit- 
field, and Jon S. Whitfield (Wilmington, 
Illinois, Paleobotanical Field Trips, 
1951): 550 flora and 105 fauna speci- 
mens — Illinois 

Collected by George Langford, Eugene 
S. Richardson, Jr., and R. H. Whitfield 
(Tennessee Paleontological Field Trips, 
1951): 1,465 fossil-plant and fossil- 
invertebrate specimens — Tennessee; 
1,167 fossil-plant specimens — various 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Texas Paleontological 
Expedition, 1951): collection of micro- 
fauna — Texas 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy 
(Salvadorian Project, 1950-51): 200 
volcanic and sedimentary rocks — El 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and Priscilla F. Turnbull (Oklahoma 
Paleontological Field Trip, 1951): Coty- 
lorhynchus skeleton — Oklahoma 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., and Dr. 
Robert H. Denison (Indiana field work) : 
collection of fossil invertebrates and 
fossil fish — Indiana 

Purchases: restoration of Archeop- 
teryx, fossil cycadeoid trunk, 12 fossil 
invertebrates — various localities 

Chlupac, H. E., Vienna, Austria: 51 
fossil invertebrates — Austria (gift) 

Cloud, F. J., Lilesville, North Caro- 
lina: fossil horse-tooth — North Carolina 

Crosby, Mrs. Samuella, Chicago: 
gold necklace and bracelet set with semi- 
precious stones — India (gift) 

Deo, Claude, Stratford, Iowa: 4 
brachiopod specimens — Canada (gift) 

Eargle, D. H., Washington, D.C.: 
1 fossil invertebrate — Alabama (gift) 

Evans, W. V., Wrigley, California: 
pelecyopod specimens — California 


Gentz, O. a., Chicago: star ruby — 
North CaroUna (gift) 

Gray, L. Z., Evanston, IlHnois: 
mammoth tooth — Siberia (gift) 

HiNTON, G. B., Presido, Texas: 2 
vanadanite specimens — Mexico (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 3 casts of fossil mammal type- 
specimens — various localities (exchange) 

Mississippi Geological Survey, 
University: 1 ammonite — Mississippi 

Reed, Charles, Chicago: 1 fossil 
invertebrate — Nebraska (gift) 

Thompson, Robert T., Cave Creek, 
Arizona: 1 specimen of specular hema- 
tite — Arizona (gift) 

Walker, Alma C, Spokane: 18 
fossil-leaf specimens — various localities 

Whitfield, Jon S., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 87 fossil invertebrates — Illinois 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
Evanston, Illinois: 140 fossil-plant 
specimens — Illinois (gift) 

Woley, Vida, Evanston, Illinois: 
carved coral earrings, bracelets, neck- 
lace, and broach — (gift) 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, 
Illinois: 2 fossil-reptile specimens — 
Nevada (gift) 


Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 5 birds — 
Bolivia (exchange) 

AcosTA Y Lara, Eduardo, Monti- 
video, Uruguay: 3 mammals — Brazil 
and Uruguay (gift) 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 1 fish — Peru (gift) 

Arkansas, University of. Depart- 
ment of Zoology, Fayetteville: 2 
mammals — Arkansas (gift) 

Arkansas Game and Fish Commis- 
sion, Little Rock: 2 mammals — Ar- 
kansas (gift) 

Auffenberg, Walter, Deland, 
Florida: 1 reptile — Florida (gift) 

Banks, Leslie, Knoxville, Tennes- 
see: 1 insect — Tennessee (gift) 

Barbour, Dr. Roger W., Lexington, 
Kentucky: 26 salamanders (paratypes) 
— Kentucky (gift) 

Barr, John, Urbana, Illinois: a 
problematic item of animal origin, 
perhaps the egg case of a worm — 
Florida (gift) 

Beetle, Dorothy E., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 25 lots of shells — Wyoming 
and Colorado (gift) 

Beimler, Theodore F., Brownsville, 
Texas: 1 reptile — Texas (gift) 

Bevier, Dr. George, La Paz, 
Bolivia: 12 mammals — Bolivia (gift) 

Birdsall, Mrs. C. A., Chicago: 2 
birds — locality unknown (gift) 

Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C, Rochester, 
New York, and Mrs. Daniel W. 
O'Dell, Ithaca, New York: the Bishop 
Collection of Salamanders — North 
America (gift) 

BoARDMAN, Ronald P., Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 1 bird — locality unknown (gift) 

BoKERMANN, Werner C. A., Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: 2 amphibians — Brazil 

Bonne-Wepster, Mrs. J., Batavia, 
Java: 13 reprints on mosquitoes (ex- 

Bradbury, Margaret G., Chicago: 
6 mammals, 7 shells — Missouri (gift) 

Bridwell, L. H., Forest burg, Texas: 
68 shells— Texas (gift) 

Brodie, Laura, Chicago: 158 reptiles 
and amphibians, 38 fishes — South Caro- 
lina (gift) 

Bryant, Owen (address lacking): 
11 insects — Colorado and Arizona (gift) 

BuLLis, Harvey R., Jr., Pascagoula, 
Mississippi: 15 deep-water scallops — 
Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

Bullock, Dr. D. S., Angol, Chile: 8 
lizard eggs — Chile (gift) 

BuRNSiDE, Graham, Laramie, Wy- 
oming: 7 mammals — Wyoming (gift) 

Butler, Dr. Philip A., Pensacola, 
Florida: 2 fishes — Florida (gift) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 246 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Brazil (exchange) 


Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 339 
insects — United States (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Harry A. Beatty (West 
Africa Zoological Expedition, 1950-51): 
2 mammals, 692 birds — West Africa 

Collected by D. Dwight Davis and 
Robert F. Inger (Borneo Zoological 
Expedition, 1950): 358 mammals, 449 
birds, 873 amphibians and reptiles, 
4,416 fishes, 18 lots of lower inverte- 
brates — Borneo 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (In- 
diana cave field work): 2 fishes, 2,315 
insects and their allies, 37 lots of shells — 
southeastern United States 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Ber- 
muda Zoological Expedition, 1950): 19 
fishes — Bermuda 

Collected by Philip Hershkovitz 
(Colombia Zoological Expedition, 1948- 
51): 1,014 mammals, 30 birds, 186 
reptiles and amphibians — Colombia 

Collected by Robert F. Inger and 
Karl Kettner (Field Work for Cave 
Fishes, 1951): 11 salamanders, 5 fishes, 
6 crustaceans — Missouri 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1951): 1 partial mammal skeleton and 
skull — New Mexico 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Texas 
Paleontological Expedition, 1951): 1 
reptile — Texas 

Collected by Clifford H. Pope (Mexico 
Zoological Field Trip, 1951) : 499 reptiles 
and amphibians — Mexico 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
Islands field work): 48 mammals, 110 
birds, 124 reptiles and amphibians — 
Philippine Islands 

Collected by Dr. Austin L. Rand and 
Stanley Rand (Salvadorian Project, 
1950-51): 7 mammals, 540 birds, 203 
reptiles and amphibians — El Salvador 

Collected by A. T. Torres (Philippine 
Islands field work): 16 mammals, 157 
birds — Philippine Islands 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel and 
Colin C. Sanborn (La Salle, Illinois, 
bat-cave field work) : 20 bats in alcohol, 
6 bat skeletons — Illinois 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (Co- 
operative Field Work with United States 
Fish and Wildlife Service in Gulf of 
Mexico, 1951): 1 partial mammal skull 
and skeleton, 2,366 fishes — Gulf of 

Collected by Loren P. Woods and 
Robert F. Inger (Field Work for Cave 

Fishes, 1951): 421 fishes— lUinois, In- 
diana, and Kentucky 

Department of Geology: part of lower 
jaw of sea otter — California (gift) 

Purchases: 646 mammals, 561 birds, 

6 eggs, 1,302 reptiles and amphibians, 
11,000 lots of fishes; 4,082 fishes, ap- 
proximately 60,000 insects and their 
allies; 555 lower invertebrates 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 7 mammals, 8 birds 1 
egg, 2 reptiles — various localities (gift) 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 1 
mammal, 1 reptile — Cuba (gift) 

Daniel, Hermano, Medellin, Co- 
lombia: 52 reptiles and amphibians — 
Colombia (gift) 

Dixon, John N., Chicago: 24 lots of 
lower invertebrates — Tahiti (gift) 

Dluhy, Eugene, Chicago: 170 Par- 
nassius butterflies — Europe (exchange) 

Dundee, Harold A., Lawrence, 
Kansas: 4 salamanders — Arkansas (gift) 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
1 insect (paratype) — Madagascar (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 5 fishes — Saudi Arabia (gift) 

Finn, Shelly, Childersburg, Ala- 
bama: 12 shells — Alabama (gift) 

FocHA, Leo F., Sebastopol, Cali- 
fornia: 16 shells — California (gift) 

Frost, C. A., Framingham, Massa- 
chusetts: 3 insects — Maine and Mas- 
sachusetts (exchange) 

Gaerdes, F., Okahandja, South 
West Africa: 285 insects — South West 
Africa (gift) 

Gage, Lloyd G., Wilmette, Illinois: 

7 lots of shells — Africa (gift) 
Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 5 mammals — Indiana 

Grimmer, Lear, Chicago: 4 mammals 
— IlHnois (gift) 

Guillaudeu, Captain Robert, 
Korea: 8 reptiles and amphibians — 
Korea (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 327 
shells — New York (gift) 

Hammond, William, Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 1 reptile — Illinois (gift) 

Hansen, Harold, Urbana, Illinois: 
5 bird skeletons — Illinois (gift) 

Heller, Mrs. Hilda, Arequipa, 
Peru: tail feathers of a bird — Peru (gift) 

Henry, Edward Brodie, Leesville, 
South Carolina: 1 reptile — South Caro- 
lina (gift) 


HoFF, Dr. C. Clayton, Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 48 insects — New Mexico 

HoOGSTRAAL, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
853 mammals, 6 birds, 1,075 reptiles 
and amphibians, 30 fishes, 10 lots of 
shells — Egypt and Yemen, Arabia (gift) 

HuBRlCHT, Leslie, Danville, Vir- 
ginia: 567 shells — various localities 

Hughes, Jack, Ocean Springs, Mis- 
sissippi: 1 fish — Petit Bois Island, 
Mississippi (gift) 

Illinois State Natural History 
Survey, Urbana: 4 insects — various 
localities (exchange) 

Ingle, Robert M., Apalachiaola, 
Florida: 2 fishes — Florida (gift) 

Jackson, Ralph, Cambridge, Mary- 
land: 2 shells — Ecuador (gift) 

Jerusalem, University of, Jeru- 
salem, Palestine: 2 mammals — Palestine 

Keller, Paul, Dyer, Indiana: 1 
reptile — Illinois (gift) 

Kezer, Dr. James, Chicago: 72 
salamanders — North Carolina (gift) 

KoBAYASHi, K., Kobe, Japan: 276 
birds — Japan (exchange) 

La Pointe, Joseph, Harvey, Illinois: 
2 salamanders — Indiana (gift) 

Lauriault, Erwin H., Pucallpa, 
Peru: 1 mammal skeleton — Peru (gift) 

Lekagul, Dr. Boonsong, Bangkok, 
Siam: 2 mammals — Siam (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 3 
mammals, 1 bird — various localities 

Lipscomb, Allen M., San Marcos, 
Texas: 2 amphibians — Texas (gift) 

Long, Lewis E., Bluefields, Nica- 
ragua: 300 insects — Nicaragua (gift) 

Malkin, Borys, Seattle: 381 insects 
(including 2 paratypes) — world-wide 

May, J. F., Colorado Springs, Colo- 
rado: 23 insects — New Guinea (ex- 

McKee, W. Robert, Chicago: 1 
mammal head — Canada (gift) 

Michigan, University of. Museum, 
Ann Arbor: 2 amphibians (paratypes) — 
locality unknown (gift) 

MiNTON, Dr. S. a., Indianapolis: 17 
reptiles and amphibians — Indiana (gift) 

MooNEY, James J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 mammal — Illinois (gift) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 reptiles 
(paratypes) — South America (ex- 
change); 30 shells — Near East (gift) 

Ness, R. H., Tower Lake, Illinois: 
1 mammal — Illinois (gift) 

Nicholson, A. J., BiUings, Mon- 
tana: 20 insects — New Caledonia (gift) 

North Borneo Fisheries Depart- 
ment, Sandakan: 89 fishes — North 
Borneo (gift) 

Old, William, Jr., Norfolk, Virginia: 
67 shells— Korea (gift) 

Opat, Joe, Hinsdale, Illinois: 1 
mammal skin and skull — domestic (gift) 

O'TooLE, Lawrence, Evergreen 
Park, Illinois: 1 mammal — domestic 

Pain, T., London, England: 20 shells 
(including 1 paratype) — Dutch Guiana 

Parkman, Macy, Mt. SterHng, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

Peabody Museum, Near-East Ex- 
pedition, 1950, Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts: 649 shells — Near East (gift) 

Philippine Natural History Mu- 
seum, Manila, Philippine Islands: 27 
birds — Philippine Islands (exchange) 

Rochester, University of, Ro- 
chester, New York: University of 
Rochester Collection of Amphibians 
and Reptiles — world-wide (gift) 

Romer, J. D., Surrey, England: 9 
amphibians — Hong Kong, China (gift) 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 2 reptiles 
— Mexico (gift) 

Royal Ontario Museum of Zool- 
ogy, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 2 birds 
— Canada (gift) 

Sanderson, Dr. Glen C, Marion, 
Iowa: 1 reptile — Iowa (gift) 

Schmidt, John M., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 10 mammals — Wisconsin and 
Illinois (gift) 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird, 15 reptiles and amphibians 
— Illinois and Wisconsin (gift) 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Home- 
wood, Illinois: approximately 10,000 
insects (including 24 holotypes, 1,800 
paratypes, and 200 slide preparations) 
— United States; 1 mechanical micro- 
scope stage (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: 1 reptile — Vene- 
zuela (exchange) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
82 fishes — world-wide (gift) 


Shirk, Joseph H., Peru, Indiana: 5 
mammal skulls — Arizona (gift) 

Smith, Dr. Clarence, Aurora, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal — Illinois (gift) 

Smith, Philip W., Urbana, Illinois: 
1 amphibian (paratype) — Illinois (gift) 

SOKAL, Robert, Lawrence, Kansas: 
28 lots and 215 slides of insects — 
United States (gift) 

Springer, Steward, Pascagoula, 
Mississippi: 13 marine invertebrates — 
Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

Stadelman, R. E., Villa Arteaga, 
Colombia: 4 reptiles — Colombia (gift) 

Stanford University, Natural 
History Museum, Stanford University, 
California: 24 salamanders — California 

Steyermark, Mrs. Julian A., Har- 
rington, Illinois: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

Traub, Major Robert, Washington, 
D.C.: 12 mammals — England (gift) 

Tube, Dr. J. A., Sandakan, North 
Borneo: 12 mammals — North Borneo 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: 130 
fishes — Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 6 reptiles and am- 
phibians, 36 lots of shells — various 
localities (exchange) 

Washington, University of, 
School of Fisheries, Seattle: 23 fishes 
— various localities (gift) 

Webb, Walter F., St. Petersburg, 
Florida: 4 shells — Africa (gift) 

Weber, Neal A., Swarthmore, Penn- 
sylvania: 20 reptiles and amphibians — 
Iraq (gift) 

Wheeler, Dr. George C, Grand 
Forks, North Dakota: 4 salamanders — 
North Dakota (gift) 

Williams, Dr. Louis 0., Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: 2 salamanders — Honduras 

Winkler, Josef, Praha, Czechoslo- 
vakia: 49 insects — Czechoslovakia (ex- 

Woods, Loren P., and Family, 
Richton Park, Illinois: 2 amphibians, 
18 fishes — South Carolina (gift) 


ischen Staates, Munich, Germany: 
44 insects — various localities (exchange) 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by Museum Photographer: 39 

2x2 natural-color (original) slides 
Howe, Charles Albee, Homewood, 

Illinois: 22 2x2 natural-color (original) 

slides (gift) 

Moyer, John W., Chicago: 45 2x2 
natural-color (original) slides (gift) 


Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Division of Photography: 

1,663 negatives, 7,442 prints, 463 en- 

largements, 32 color prints, 70 lantern 


Associated Film Artists, Pasadena, 

California: 400 feet of 16mm color 

sound-film (purchase) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Division of Motion Pictures: 

1,750 feet of 16mm color-film 

Coronet Instructional Films, Chi- 
cago: 400 feet of 16mm color sound-film 

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, 
Inc., Chicago: 400 feet of 16mm black- 
and-white sound-film (purchase) 


Film Center, Inc., Chicago: 800 
feet of 16mm black-and-white sound- 
film (purchase) 

Indiana University, Bloomington: 
800 feet of 16mm color sound-film (gift) 

Mover, John W., Chicago: 2,300 
feet of 16mm color-film (gift) 

United World Films, Inc., New 
York: 800 feet of 16mm black-and-white 
sound-film (purchase) 


Chicago, University of. Department of Vassar College Library, Poughkeepsie, 
Anthropology, Chicago New York 

Lloyd Library, Cincinnati, Ohio 

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 
Woods Hole, Massachusetts 


Briese, Dr. Walter, Santiago de Chile, 

Cole, Dr. Fay-Cooper, Santa Barbara, 

Conover, Boardman, Estate of, Chicago 
Cory, Charles B., Jr., Homewood, 


Dobynes, Henry F., Tucson, Arizona 
Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Honolulu, 
Hawaii, T.H. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 
Field, Stanley, Lake Bluff, Illinois 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 

Inger, Robert F., Homewood, Illinois 

Lohmeyer, Dr. Gerhard, Frankfurt-am- 
Main, Germany 

Mueller, Mrs. Hedwig H., Chicago 

Nichols, Henry W., Estate of, Chicago 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Gurnee, 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illinois 
Spoehr, Dr. Alexander, Morton Grove, 

Stuart, Dr. Lawrence C, Ann Arbor, 


Wenzel, Rupert L., Oak Park, Illinois 




Marshall Field* 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman'' 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* Deceased 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 
Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A,* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 
Day, Lee Garnett Knight, Charles R. 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abb6 Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P Georges 

Humbert, Professor 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F,* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 

* Deceased 

Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 

Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Perry, Stuart H. 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Richards, Donald 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 

Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H. 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 
Buchen, Walther 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Cory, Charles B., Jr. 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, O. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
* Deceased 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hoogstraal, Harry 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 


Charles K.* 

Kraft, James L. 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

O'Dell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Bryon L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 


Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 

Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Delano, Frederic A. 

Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Go\ving, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thome, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F, 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George L. 

Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 


Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 

LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 

Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 

WooUey, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Deceased, 1951 
Dawes, Charles G. Morton, Mark 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Rosen wald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
AUbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 

Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 

Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Ay res, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 



Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnard, Harrison B. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Harold 0. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Bart hell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, George A. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F, 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L, 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 

Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Prof. 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Philip 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Ayres 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 

Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, WilHam F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, David S. 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brown, William F. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 



Brunswick, Larry 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
BufRngton, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 

Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
CHthero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 

Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Crowley, C. A. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cudahy, Mrs. Joseph M. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 



Curtis, Austin 
Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 

Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 

Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Erickson, James A. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
F'aherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 



Felsenthal, Edward 

Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 

Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 

Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Goldberg, Philip S. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L, 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V, 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 



Griff enhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haflfner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harms, VanDeursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 

Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. WilHam H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
HefTernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 

Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, WilHam N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 



Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
JeflFries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L, 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 

Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauflfman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauflmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M, 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. 0. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, David W. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 



Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard 0. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Ill 

Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Lea veil, James R. 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 

Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 



Maehler, Edgar E, 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. WilHam P. 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff , Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 

McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Prof. Harry 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. Donald 

R., Sr. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 

Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz,. Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E, 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, George 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
MoUoy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moore, Paul, 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 



Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mulholand, William H. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
NoUau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 

O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Omdoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osbom, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Himtington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Paker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Paker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 

Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Mrs. James 

Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pine, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charies A. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. FVank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 



Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
RachefF, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raflf, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farnsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Rengenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 

Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs, 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Roller, Fred S. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 

Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W, 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaflfner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 



Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. WilHam M. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 

Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Silvertongue, Mrs. Ray 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Miss Ellen 

Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, W. Lynwood 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 

Soravia, Joseph 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 

Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 



Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 

Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 

Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwolI, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 

Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wgires, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 



Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. 

Robert C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. 

Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 

Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. 

Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
WilUs, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, H. B., Sr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. 

Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 

Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. 

Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 

Abbott, Gordon C. 

Barnum, Harry H. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Birk, Frank J. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 

Clark, Charles V. 
Clough, William H. 
Coyle, C. H. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 

Donnelley, Miss Naomi 

Flood, Walter H. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foute, Albert J. 

Gaylord, Duane W. 
Grey, Charles F. 

Harding, Richard T. 

Deceased, 1951 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Hill, William C. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Hughes, John W. 

Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 

Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Maas, J. Edward 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 

Nichols, Mrs. 
George R., Jr. 

Oppenheimer, Alfred 

Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Pulver, Hugo 

Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 

Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Sullivan, John J. 

Taylor, J. Hall 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 

Wade, Walter A. 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth C. 

Young, Hugh E. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 

Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Bingham, Carl G. 
Burke, Robert L. 

Caples, William G. 
Crooks, Harry D. 

Dumelle, Frank 

Holmblad, Dr. Edward C. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hunt, George L. 

Kraus, William C. 

Kroehler, Kenneth 

Laing, William 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Levi, Julian H. 

Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 
Moore, Chester G. 

Pope, John W. 
Prall, Bert R. 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 

Ross, Earl 

Scott, Willis H. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Smith, J. P. 

Targes, Joseph 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 

Williams, Rowland L. 
Wilson, D. H. 


Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abbell, Joseph J, 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Ackermann, George E. 
Adam, R. R. 
Adams, Carleton B. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Edward R. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Addison, Michael E. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Aguinaldo, Miss 

Carmen R. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Albiez, George 
Albright, Mrs. Ivan 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alger, Frederick W. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Albert H. 

Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Ameismaier, Julius 
American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, George C. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Andresen, Raymond H. 
Andrew, Lucius A., Jr. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Anning, H. E. 
Anthony, Miss Helen 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Arado, A. D. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 

Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avery, Robert N. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M, 
Bachman, E. E. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailey, Warren G. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 



Baldwin, John R. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Balsam, Herman 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Barber, H. B. 
Barber, Sidney L. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barker, James M. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barron, Maurice J. 
Barry, Gerald A. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Bartoli, Peter 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman, P. J. 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Baumgardner, H. L. 
Baxter, C. R. 
Baxter, Mark L. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beall, R. M. 
Beamsley, Foster G. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, Gilbert A. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Beckwith, William J. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behr, John L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Beiser, Carl H. 
Bell, Herbert E. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 

Benesch, Alfred 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bennett, Russell O. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, Martin E. 
Benson, Miss Mildred W. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Bernstein, George E. 
Bernstein, Saul 
Beutel, Henry J. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bianco, Mrs. Mildred M. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Birk, Meyer 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Miss Ruth 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blecha, Miss Loraine 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 
Bohlin, Louis E. 
Boitel, A. C. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boland, Ray H. 
Boland, Walter J. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Mrs. Paul H. 

Bonfig, Henry C. 
Bonk, Joseph E. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 
Borinstein, Marcus E. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bouris, George C. 
Bourke, Dr. Henry P. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, B. W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Brackett, William A. H. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Charles C. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Bratton, L. G. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Braun, Martin H. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brennan, John C. 
Brent, John F. 
Brenza, John B. 
Brice, Mrs. Edward 

Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brock, Edson M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brooks, C. Wayland 
Brooks, Edward P. 
Brown, A. M. 
Brown, A. P. 
Brown, Adelbert 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
BrowTi, Cameron 



Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Bruce, A. D. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brugaletta, John 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bruns, Herman H. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Brye, Edvin 
Buchanan, J. H. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Budlong, Robert Davol 
Buik, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
BuUey, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnap, Carl 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, J. Forbes 
Burns, 0. R. 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burrell, Mrs. Stanley M. 
Burris, Miss Mary H. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Burton, Oliver M. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bush, Dr. Thadd F. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Byerrum, R. O. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Callan, T. J. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Camp, Mrs. Ruth Orton 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 

Campbell, G. Murray 
Capek, Charles A. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlisle, Mrs. William T. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, Albert 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Carstens, Milton S. 
Carter, C. B. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 
Casey, C. L. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cedarburg, Miss 

Blanche C. 
Cermak, Mrs. Gertrude 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, T. R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chappell, V. F. 
Cheskin, David B. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Chinn, M. E. 
Chirich, Zarko 
Chor, Dr. Herman 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Church, William S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Cilella, Alfred J. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clancy, Gates W. 
Clancy, John D., Jr. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, James H. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, Mrs. Kenneth L. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clemenson, Harry W. 
Clements, G. L. 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, O. W. 
Cline, Lyle B. 

Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Close, Gordon R. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Cloud, Marion D. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clow, Kent S. 
Clyne, R. W. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cole, Miss Marion W. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
ColHns, William M., Jr. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Condee, Elbridge H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Connors, William J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Coon, Edmund B. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corbett, Oliver J. 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cornelius, Mrs. R. W. 
Cornwell, Dr. H. J. 
Cotterman, I. D. 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crabtree, Samuel A. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crean, Dr. C. L. 
Cremer, Carl 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew, Ben L. 
Cronin, James J. 
Culbertson, James G. 
CuUinan, George J. 



Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 

Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, J. Philip 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, David E, 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Johnson S. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Howard Q. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, P. J. 
Defrees, Donald 
Delafield, Richard M. 
DeLong, J. L 
DeMotte, R. J. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, William S. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Detchon, Elliott R., Jr. 
Deuell, Mrs. Thomas 
Devery, John J. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton 0. 
Dickens, Robert Sidney 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dieckmann, Miss 

Diehl, E. E. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Neal V. 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 

Dobkin, I. 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doderlein, Roger W. 
Dodson, Rev. Dwight S. 
Doern, Philip 
Dolan, Tom 
Doike, W. Fred 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dose, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Edward A. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, F. S. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J, 
Downing, Dr. James R. 
Downs, Mrs. Cecil James 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, Miss Alice M. 
Drago, Miss Rose Ann 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Draper, Henry P. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Droege, Richard L. 
Drummond, John M. 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
Duffy, John I. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, R. Gregory 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 

Eade, Kenneth C. 
Earl, Howard Granger 
Earlandson, Ralph 0. 
Early, Preston H. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, C. W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Egan, A. J. 
Ehrlich, Arthur A. 
Eiger, Richard Norris 

Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elmer, Miss Lulu S. 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emch, Arnold F. 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
English, Roger M. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Essley, E. Porter 
Evans, Keith J. 
Everett, William S. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farmer, Dr. Chester J. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Faulhaber, John M. 
Fausey, Newton L. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, J. F. 
Ferrall, James P. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Ferry, John A. 
Fiala, Joseph F. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fifer, Russell 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finlay, Henry A., Jr. 



Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, C. P. 
Fisher, G. N. 
Fisher, G. Howard 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C., Sr. 
Fitzpatrick, James J. 
Fitzpatrick, W. J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Foley, Frank J. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Follett, C. W. 
Foss, Allan A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Foulks, William 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Rev. George A. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Mrs. Davis S. 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Fredrick, Erwin G. 
Freeman, Charles Y., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlander, William 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Friedman, J. L. 
Fries, Mrs. Evelyn 
Frothingham, Mrs. 

Naneen R. 
Frye, W. P. 
Frystak, A. J. 

Fugard, John R. 
Fuhrer, Max 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaiennie, L. Rene 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Gallauer, William 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Gans, Mrs. Doris 

Gardner, Miss Blanche 
Gardner, Fred F. 
Garlington, William M. 
Garman, Earl M. 
Garrick, Dr. Samuel 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gekas, John C. 
Gelder, Miss Madeline 
Gellman, Allen B. 
Gendel, Paul 
Genther, Charles B. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerow, Theron G. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gianaras, Alec K. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gilchrist, C. T. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glassford, Gordon L. 
Glatte, Hayden A. 
Glattfeld, Prof. 

John W. E. 
Glen, Harold V. 

Glick, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Goble, G. B. 
Goble, Lawrence E. 
Goder, Joseph 
Godey, John W. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goetz, Carl L. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 
Goldich, David E. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Dr. Ellsworth 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Mrs. Arthur 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leonard 
Gordon, Dr. Marion Lee 
Gordon, Milton 
Gordon, Norman 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
GrafRs, Herbert 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Mrs. Earl E. 
Gray, Hitous 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Norman C. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Greig, Dr. H. Wallace 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grinnell, Robert L. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, F. A. 
Grombach, Alfred O. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grove, Miss Helen H. 



Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Grunlee, Sigwald C. 
Gudis, Theodore B. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hackett, Thad 
Haddad, George J. 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagg, Arthur H. 
Hagstrom, Joseph G. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halperin, Arthur 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammel, W. F., Jr. 
Hammond, Dr. Rex D. 
Hammond, WilHam M. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hannaford, Miss 

Mildred L. 
Hanson, Miss Marion 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, J. Leslie 
Hart, Dr. John T. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 

Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartung, Miss Elizabeth 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, George W., Jr. 
Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, Clinton H. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Haskins, Mrs. William J. 
Hassell, Warren S. 
Hastings, Mrs. James E. 
Hasty, Lloyd 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathaway, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattis, Robert E. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Haupt, Henry H. 
Hauser, Dr. Emil D. W. 
Hausman, Dr. Charles M. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawley, Frederick W., Jr. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Hayes, Mrs. Paul W. 
Hayes, William E. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynes, Louis F. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Head, James D. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, Mrs. Fred A. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heddens, John W. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard H. 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heinze, Mrs. Bessie 

Helgason, Ami 
Heller, H. G. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, G. B. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Hennemeyer, Dr. 

Rudolph J. 
Henner, H. I. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henrv, Joseph E. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Hertz, J. H. 

Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hildebrand, Walter H. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodgman, Charles R., Jr. 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Hollingbery, Mrs. 

George P. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Adrian 0. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Holt, E. M. 
Homan, Joseph 
Homan, Max 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J, 
Houha, Vitus J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Jonathan T. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 




Huber, Andrew V. 
Huch, Herbert F. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huggett, Martin C. 
Huggett, W. W. 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Hughes, Russell P. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, Lathrop W. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humm, Mrs. Charles E. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 

George A., Jr. 
Hutson, Mrs. John F. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Huxtable, Miss Barbara 

Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 
Indelli, William A. 
Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 

Jack, W. J. 
Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacky, Frederick 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobson, Egbert 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
Jager, Dr. Elizabeth 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Allen M. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jesmer, Julius 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 

Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnson, Sidney R. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Thomas C. 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Joyce, Marvin B. 
Judd, Mrs. Willis W. 
Juley, John 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurgensen, R. J. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kampen, Lambert 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Kargman, Wallace I. 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaufman, Mrs. 

Frances J. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kaye, Harry 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kearney, E. L. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keehn, L. D. 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin R. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kellar, Herbert A. 
Keller, Edwin P. 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, I. C. 
Keller, J. E. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Sidney M. 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 

Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kemper, James S., Jr. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kidston, Ross H. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kilbourn, Miss Ruth 
Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kimball, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Klagstad, Harold L. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klefstad, Sievert 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Kleinfeld, J. Laurence 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Mrs. 

Philip M. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knotts, Glenn 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knox, Merrill B. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Kohn, Henry L, 
Kohn, Louis A. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolesiak, Walter R. 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
KoUar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Kort, George 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kowalski, Dr. Leonard F. 
Krabill, LeRoy 
Krafft, Walter A. 



Krag, Franz K. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Elmer 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krider, E. A. 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Krogh, E. E. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kroll, Morris 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Kuehn, Miss Katharine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kuyper, George A. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lancaster, A. Pope 
Landis, Sidney 
Lane, George A. 
Lane, Howard 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langen, Ray 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, R. C. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Laud, Sam 
Laufman, Dr. Harold 
Lavezzorio, N. J. 
Law, M. A. 
Lay ton, Lewis 
Leahy, George J. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lederer, Irving G. 
Lederer, Joseph M. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, Noble W. 
Lehman, O. W. 

Lehr, Arthur 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leighton, Robert 
Leindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Arthur G., Jr. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E, 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lloyd 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liebrock, Harry F. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lind, Charles P. 
Lindar, Mrs. Albert J. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linn, Joseph M. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Logelin, Edward C, Jr. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 

Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah O. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, M. F. 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyons, Philip 

MacDonald, Mrs. 

Victoria D. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macholz, Rev. Ignatius 
Mack, John J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magee, G. M. 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahler, I. H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. O. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Mantout, Mrs. Bernard 
Manz, George R. 
Manzelmann, George F. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Markman, Samuel K. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Donald B. 
Martin, Mrs. Leroy 
Maseng, Trygve 



Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Wolfgang 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, Henry T. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Matson, H. M. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayfield, W. A. 
Maywald, Elmer C. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McBurney, Kenneth 
McCabe, Mrs. I. E. 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCallister, Frank 
McCallister, James 

McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McCIellan, John H. 
McCloud, Miss Edna W. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCollum, John P. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCulloch, Mrs. Hugh 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDufRe, George J. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McGarry, Miss Agnes 
McGregor, John M. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McGuire, Thomas P. 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKee, William F. 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 

James H. 

McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLean, Dr. Helen 

McLennan, William L. 
McNabb, Mrs. J. H. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, B. F. 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNear, Everett C. 
McNerney, Frank J. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McWilliams, J. E. 
Meadors, Roy O. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Mehaffey, Robert V. 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metcoflf, Eli 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michael, C. H. 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Earl A. 
Miller, Ernest P. 
Miller, Gilbert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, L. A. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, Willard M. 
Miller, William H. 
MilHken, J. H. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Mitchell, Harry G. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 


Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 
Mittelmann, Dr. Eugene 
Mizen, Frederic 

Modene, Oscar F. 
Moench, Miss Malinda 
Mohn, Mrs. E. Harold 
Moll, Edwin 
MoUendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, James 
Moran, John T. 
Moreland, James C. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Morrissy, Eugene V. 
Morrow, C. Allen 
Mossman, John E. 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moustakis, Linton G. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, C. G. 
Muench, Hans 
Muhs, G. F. 

Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mulhem, Eugene E. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle 
Muntz, Earl W. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Morgan F. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 

Nabat, A. S. 
Nacey, Harry M. 
Nachman, H. S. 
Naffz, Mrs. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 



Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Nelson, R. E., Jr. 
Nemer, Fred 
Nesbitt, Fred H. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Nettnin, LeRoy H. 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newmark, LawTence S. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dr. F. M. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nikopoulos, George A. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noble, Robert L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norby, H. L. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Noyes, W. Hamilton 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oberfelder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Oliver, Dr. Richard M. 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Oscar W. 
Olsen, Sigurd 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
Omara, E. H. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Oppenheimer, Dr. Leo 
Orr, Himter K. 

Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
OssendorflF, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otto, Walter C. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Pace, Anderson 
Pacer, T. S. 
Pacholke, Fred 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Painter, Miss Marguerite 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmerton, Miss R. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parrott, George H. 
Paschal, John William 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, William F. 
Patti, Dr. Angelo R. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, Albert W. 
Paul, Benjamin R. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Peacher, Mrs. D. J. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearson, Miss Agnes M. 
Pearson, Edwin E. 
Pearson, Miss Kathleen 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perlman, Dr. Henry B. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Fredus N. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 

Pettingell, C. D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pickering, John E. 
Pier, H. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Wayne S. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Pletz, S. R. 
Plocek, J. Louis 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Poole, Arthur B., Jr. 
Poore, Robert W. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Pound, G. C. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Rev. Cuthbert 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Pray, Max 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preston, Charles D. 
Preston, Dr. Frederick W. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, Owen N. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Purdy, Donald 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purinton, Dr. Robert F. 
Puzey, Russell V. 



Quam, James P. 
Quan, John B. 
Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rauh, Morris 
Ray, Harold R. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Raymond, Paul C. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redding, George H. 
Reddy, Mrs. Philip J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reilly, David J. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rentfro, Dr. Charles C. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Ressler, Harold B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reynolds, Milton 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 

Richards, Miss Irma L. 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ricks, Ivan 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Rivenes, A. I. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Roach, O. R. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B, 
Roberts, Harlow P. 
Roberts, J. K. 

Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Miss 

Nancy P. 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Thomas G. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, Burke B. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogan, Walter E. 
Rogers, Mrs. Hopewell L. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronayne, James F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, George 
Rose, Jack 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rowley, Fred C, Jr. 
Rowley, William F. 
Rozmarek, Charles 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubin, Edward P. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Rudolph, Walter D. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Ruhnke, George 
Runzel, WilHam L., Jr. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, Daniel B. 
Ryan, P. F. 
Ryder, F. W. 
Ryerson, Anthony M. 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Saarinen, W. 
Sabin, Eben T. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Salomon, Ira 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sanfilippo, John 
SanFilippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard G. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, R. S. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaflfner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Schiflf, Max 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlichter, Dr. Jakub G. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schonne, Mrs. Charles W. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrader, John P. 
Schraeder, Harry H. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schroeder, Leo E. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulman, Harry 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, W. Norman 
Schultz, William H. 
Schulz, George H. 
Schulze, Paul, Jr. 



Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwartz, A. A. 
Schwartz, Edward H. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwarz, Fred M. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scovel, Harold F. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. William M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Selby, J. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Edward 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Walter S. 
Shalla, Dr. Leon S. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaykin, Dr. Jacob B. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheldon, Walter M., Jr. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shreve, C. E. 
Shuman, John R. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 

Sieber, Paul E. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverstein, Milton 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sims, Frank S. 
Sims, Paul K. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Albert H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Skirrow, Fred W. 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Sklower, Miss Ruth I. 
Skoner, Chester 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slifka, George C. 
Slindee, Edward A. 
Sloan, William F. 
Sloup, Frank J. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smart, David A. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Snideman, Richard L. 
Snite, John T. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Soule, M. M. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spark, David I. 
Spear, A. L. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spencer, William N. 
Spiegel, Dr. I. Joshua 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spieth, Mrs. Angeline 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Springer, Clement F. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staff el, Henry E. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stahl, John J. 
Stahmer, George F., II 
Staller, Joseph H. 

Stamford, John 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Staunton, E. C. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steen, Prof. Julian J. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephens, Paul 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, George A. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, W. Ellis 
Stewart, William Scott 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoddart, William M. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Herbert Stuart, Jr. 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Stratton, Mrs. E. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stuermer, Ray 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swain, David F. 



Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swift, Nathan B. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Dr. Emmy 
Sylvester, Miss Maria P. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szymanski, Dr. 
Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Mrs. Gertrude C. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tatman, George R. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Edward L. 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Reuben C, Jr. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Testin, Dr. Henry S. 
Teter, Park 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thiry, George F. 
Thomas, G. Truman 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. Mac 
Thompson, Mrs. 

Florence S. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard O. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Timmings, G. H. 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Toussaint, S. E. 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traub, A. C. 
Traut, Bernard H. 

Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William B. 
Traynor, William 

Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, Mrs. 

Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turney, Russell J. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 
Tyrakowski, Steven S. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urban, Andrew 
Urban, Dr. H. J. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanBuskirk, M. G. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
VanderKloot, Nicholas J. 
Vanderwicken, Edwin P. 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanDyk, S. A. 
VanKampen, A. H. 
VanMell, Herman T. 
VanNatta, V. R. 
VanNice, Errett 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vloedman, Dr. D, A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogel, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
VonGehr, George 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Vydra, Frank C. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wade, Albert G., II 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 

Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Frederick W., Jr. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Walker, Mrs. William 

Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walz, John W. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Wat kins, George H. 
Watling, John 
Watson, Norman E. 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Weary, Allen M. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F, 
Webster, N. C. 
Wehmeier, H. A. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wellin, Harold 
Wells, C. A. 
Wendt, Edwin H. 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, James D. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westerlin, Mrs. J. M. 
Wetmore, Horace 0. 
Wetten, Walton 
Wezeman, Frederick H. 



Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheelock, Miss 

Ellen P. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whipple, Mrs. M, Cox 
Whipple, Miss 

Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M, 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whitmore, Lyle S. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Wickman, C. E. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilk, Arthur E. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Jay C. 
Williams, Lawrence 
WiUiams, Robert G. 
Williams, Russell V. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willott, Mrs. Adele 

Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilmarth, Donald G. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, H. Fred 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Dr. William 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick 0. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Charles S., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wisner, C. V., Jr. 
Wolchina, R. P. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolfe, Hubert J. 
Wolflf, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, William A. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, Arthur H, 
Woodyatt, Dr. RoUin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolf, Lawrence A. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 

Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 
WyckoflF, Dr. Philip H. 

Yates, John E. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H., Jr. 
Youker, Mrs. Claude W. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zaczek, Miss 

Genevieve A. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zehr, Ores E. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zolla, Abner M. 

Deceased, 1951 

Agar, Mrs. John T, 

Beaven, Joseph C. 

Carpenter, John Alden 
Cervenka, John A. 
Cole, Cornelius C. 

Dahl, William G. 
Douglas, William C. 
Duval, Dr. Emile C. 

Foster, George P. 

Hoefer, Max 

Kidwell, Richard E. 

Low, John M. 

McGuire, F. Willis 
McHenry, Irving 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
Meyer, Mrs. Alfred C. 

Novotny, Richard R. 

O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 

Ritter, Miss Lavinia 

Stoehr, Kurt 
Storms, North 
Frederick A. 
Symmes, William H. 

Wallace, Charles Ross 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Weiler, C. J. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F, Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, WilHam E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ^ 

> ss. 
Cook County j 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the ofl!ice of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 


BOARD OF trustees 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 


the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants,, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.