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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

LIBRARY 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 

Of ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 
1949-55 



CENTRAL CIRCULATION BOOKSTACKS 
The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its renewal or its return to 
the library from which it was borrowed 
on or before the Latest Date stamped 
below. You may be charged a minimum 
fee of $75.00 for each lost book. 

Theft, mutilation, and underlining of books oro reasons 
for disciplinary action and may result In dismissal from 
the University. 

TO RENEW CALL TELEPHONE CENTER, 333-8400 
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS LIBRARY AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 



MAY U 1395 
MAY 1 5 1995 



When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date. LI 62 



F45 
|95*L 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 



1952 



Chicago Natural History Museum 




Allen, Gordon, Schroeppel and Redlich, Inc. 



LEOPOLD E. BLOCK 
1869-1952 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1936 

Member of the Finance Committtee 

Corporate Member, Life Member, and Contributor 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to tht 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1952 




THE" LISSARY OF THE 

OCT 7-1f5? 



U.'"|ycpp,vv .->-. i.,,.-., V o 



CHICAGO; ILLINOIS 

1953 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 



£0 7 



Contents 



PAGE 

Former Officers 10 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1952 12 

List of Staff, 1952 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 23 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 24 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

Department of Anthropology 32 

Department of Botany 39 

Department of Geology 45 

Department of Zoology 51 

Library 59 

Photography and Illustration 61 

Public Relations 61 

Publications and Printing 64 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 79 

Financial Statements 83 

Attendance and Door Receipts 85 

Accessions, 1952 87 

Members of the Museum 99 

Benefactors 99 

Honorary Members 99 

Patrons 99 

Corresponding Members 100 

Contributors 100 

Corporate Members 101 

Life Members 102 

Non-Resident Life Members 103 

Associate Members 103 

Non-Resident Associate Members 117 

Sustaining Members 117 

Annual Members 117 

Articles of Incorporation 132 

Amended By-Laws 134 



Illustrations 



PAGE 

Leopold E. Block, 1869-1952 frontispiece 

Stanley Field Hall 9 

Boy Scouts 18 

Going to the Movies 24 

Portable Exhibit, N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Birds from the Nile 30 

Cliff Dwelling 33 

Kachinas 35 

Tent Village 37 

Palm Tree, Cuba 40 

New Species of Theophrastaceae 43 

Copper Exhibit 46 

Dimetrodon grandis, Reconstruction 49 

Dimetrodon grandis, Skeleton 50 

Mountain Paca 52 

Perching Songbirds 55 

Model of Lizard 58 

Girl Scouts 63 

Orchid 65 

Art Students 69 

In Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum 74 

Summer Play-Group 81 



ormer 



Off 



icers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr 1946-1951 

• 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 



: Deceased 



10 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

BOARDMAN CONOVER,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 
1921-1931 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 
1918-1921 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 



Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 



* Deceased 



11 



Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1952 



OFFICERS 



BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES 



COMMITTEES 



Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Henry P. Isham, Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Leopold E. Block* 
Walt her Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 



Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
Albert H. Wetten 
John P. Wilson 



Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
Henry P. Isham 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block,* Albert B. 
Dick, Jr., John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, 
Albert H. Wetten, Henry P. Isham 

Building — Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain 



* Deceased, 1952 



12 



List of Staff, 1952 



DIRECTOR 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ANTHROPOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 



Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, Executive Assistant 



Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly,* Curator, African Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian 

Archaeology 
Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Ethnology 
Alexander SPOEHR,f Curator, Oceanic Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and 

Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Archaeology 
A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator, Archaeology 
Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Prehistory 
Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 



Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Curator, Phanerogamic 

Herbarium 
J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
E. P. Killip, Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 



* Retired, 1952 
t Resigned, 1952 



13 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 

(continued) 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

GEOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 



Hugh C. Cutler,! Curator, Economic Botany 
Llewelyn Williams, Associate, Forest Products 
J. S. Daston, Assistant, Botany 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 
Milton Copulos,* Artist-Preparator 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 
Frank Boryca, Preparator 
Mathias Dones, Preparator 
Dolla Cox,J Departmental Secretary 
Virginia Sharp, Departmental Secretary 



Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 
Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 
Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 
Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Vertebrates 
Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 
George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 
R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 
Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Henry Horback, Preparator 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 
Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 
John Conrad Hansen,§ Artist 
Maidi Wiebe, Artist 
Joanne Neher,! Departmental Secretary 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 
Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 
Luis de la Torre, Associate, Mammals 



t Resigned, 1952 
* Retired, 1952 
t Reassigned, 1952 
§ Deceased, 1952 



14 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 

(continued) 



ASSOCIATE 
EDITORS 



DEPARTMENT OF 

THE N. W. HARRIS 

PUBLIC SCHOOL 

EXTENSION 



Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

Rudyerd Boulton, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, Assistant, Reptiles 

Loren P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Lillian A. Ross, Associate, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Laura Brodie, Assistant 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

Dioscoro S. Rabor, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 



Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 



Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Bertha M. Parker, Research Associate 



15 



JAMES NELSON 

AND 
ANNA LOUISE 

RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION 



THE LAYMAN 
LECTURER 



THE LIBRARY 



ACCOUNTING 



BOOK SHOP 



ADMINISTRATION 
AND RECORDS 



Miriam Wood, Chief 
June BucHWALDf 
Lorain Stephens! 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Monson 
Anne StromquistI 
Nancy Worsham 
Edith Fleming 
Dolla Cox 



Paul G. Dallwig 



Administration: 

Meta P. Howell, Librarian 

Louise Boynton Denison, Administrative Assistant 

Classification and Cataloguing: 
Dawn Davey, Classifier 
Eunice Marthens Gemmill,! Classifier 
M. Eileen Rocourt, Classifier 

Reference: 

Audrey Greeley, Reference Librarian 

Accessions, Bindery, Stacks: 
Boris Ivanov, Assistant Librarian 



William A. Bender, Auditor 
A. L. Stebbins, Assistant Auditor 
Marion K. Hoffmann, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



Jessie Dudley, in charge 



Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 
Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 
Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 

t Resigned, 1952 



16 



PUBLIC 

RELATIONS 

COUNSEL 



DIVISION OF 
MEMBERSHIPS 



DIVISIONS OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

AND 
ILLUSTRATION 



DIVISION OF 
MOTION PICTURES 



DIVISION OF 
PRINTING 



MAINTENANCE 



ENGINEERING 



THE GUARD 



H. B. Harte 

Christine Tardy, Associate 



Pearle Bilinske, in charge 



John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 
Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 



John W. Moyer,^ in charge 



Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 



James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

Gustav A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 



William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 



George Woodward, Captain 

If On leave 



17 



**«* ->** 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

FORMERLY HELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 

ROOSEVELT ROAD AND LAKE SHORE DRIVE 

OPEN EVERY DAY BUT CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR'S 

FREE PARKING SPACE NEAR THE MUSEUM 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1952. 

The uncertainty of financial support continues to be the chief 
problem of the Museum. Like all endowed institutions we find it 
increasingly difficult to live within our means. We are the victim 
of the inflationary processes that are going on within our country, 
and we cannot maintain our relative position, as a business would, 
by passing on the burden to the public. 

Our task is to serve the public, not only through our exhibition 
halls but through our scientific research, publications, lecture courses, 
and educational extensions as well, and above all else to maintain 
an adequate staff of trained and properly paid scientific men and 
women, without which the work of the Museum cannot go forward. 
Yet the minimum cost for upkeep of the building, meeting our re- 
sponsibilities to the public, and the support of our educational 
activities is now such that our resources are insufficient to meet 
the program of future development required to measure up to the 
leadership we have established in the past. The Museum is under- 
staffed, our salaries are too low to meet present-day living costs, 
and we are not able to go ahead as we should with the planning of 
our expeditions, the purchase of collections, and the publication 
of the results of our research. 

19 



In preparing a budget for 1953, drastic reductions were made in 
recommended expenditures of all sorts in order that a balanced 
budget might be presented to the Board of Trustees. The budget 
for payroll alone absorbed in excess of seventy-five per cent of the 
total, and nothing was accomplished to relieve our hard-pressed 
scientific staff. In addition, very little was left to cover such op- 
erating necessities as heat, light and power, general maintenance, 
and everything else. The need for more endowment becomes greater 
year after year. Without additional endowment our activities must 
of necessity be curtailed and our staff reduced. It would seem that 
the Museum must look to the interested and public-spirited citizens 
of Chicago and the surrounding territory for additional support if 
it is to carry on. 

It is recommended that the Board of Trustees consider steps to 
be taken at the earliest practicable moment, looking toward the 
increase of financial support from the community as a whole and 
particularly from visitors to the Museum. 



ATTENDANCE 

For several years the number of school groups visiting the Museum 
in the spring months of April and May has been increasing markedly. 
In 1952 attendance reached a high peak in May for out-of-Chicago 
schools and in June for Chicago schools. The fall months of October 
and November are beginning to show the same trend. Some groups 
are composed of an entire school or even of most of the school 
children from a whole county. Such a county group of teachers, 
parents, and more than one thousand students from Rock County, 
Wisconsin, arranged for a day's trip to the Museum. Another 
unusual group was the 1,250 4-H Club delegates to the National 
Congress of 4-H Clubs on their annual visit to Chicago. Organi- 
zations using the Museum for their meeting place included the 
Chicago Ornithological Society, Illinois Audubon Society, Kenni- 
cott Club, and Nature Camera Club of Chicago. The total number 
of visitors at the Museum in 1952 was 1,305,556, an increase of 
53,804 over the total for the year before. Free admissions amounted 
to 1,170,786 persons — all the visitors on Thursdays, Saturdays, and 
Sundays and those admitted free on all days (children, students, 
teachers, Members of the Museum, and uniformed officers and 
enlisted men of the armed forces). Under the Museum's generous 
rules for free admissions only 134,770 visitors paid the nominal 
admission fee, less than 10.5 per cent of the total attendance. 

20 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

The loss of Mr. Leopold E. Block from the Board of Trustees was 
felt keenly. I should like to emphasize rather than merely to repeat 
the memorial resolution adopted by the Board of Trustees at its 
December meeting: 

"The death on November 11, 1952, of Mr. Leopold E. Block at 
the age of eighty-three years brought to its close a life that was 
unusual even in Chicago which has bred so many great industrial 
leaders. 

"He saw the first beginnings of the company which he helped to 
found, yet lived to see it become a nation-wide institution that 
played an important role in the economic life of our country both 
in peace and in war. At every step in that process the growth of 
his company bore the impress of his genius and was enriched by his 
wisdom. 

"Meanwhile, his influence in the industrial community of Chicago 
grew steadily, and his advice and guidance were increasingly sought 
in the development of other institutions and organizations, to which 
he devoted his best efforts so unselfishly. 

"He joined the Board of Trustees of Chicago Natural History 
Museum in 1936, became a member of its Finance Committee in 
1939, and through his continuous service thereafter had an impor- 
tant part in bringing this institution to the place of unquestioned 
leadership which it now enjoys. 

"It was characteristic of his devotion to the purposes of the 
Museum that he should have remembered it with such a generous 
gift in his will. 

"Mr. Block was both respected and beloved by his fellow 
Trustees and his genial personality will be greatly missed from 
their future deliberations. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our sorrow at 
his passing be permanently preserved on the records of the Board 
of Trustees of the Museum; 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to the members of his family in their bereavement and that a copy 
of this resolution be sent to his widow." 

Stanley Field, president of Chicago Natural History Museum, 
was re-elected at the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees in 
January to serve for his forty-fourth consecutive year. Other 
officers re-elected are Marshall Field, first vice-president; Samuel 
Insull, Jr., third vice-president; Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; 

21 



Clifford C. Gregg, secretary; and John R. Millar, assistant secretary. 
Henry P. Isham, Trustee, was elected second vice-president to fill 
a vacancy. Walther Buchen, John G. Searle, and Louis Ware 
were elected to membership on the Board of Trustees to fill vacan- 
cies caused by the death of Boardman Conover and of Leopold E. 
Block and the retirement of Howard W. Fenton. 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

Under the will of the late Leopold E. Block, Trustee, the Museum 
received a bequest of five hundred shares of common stock of Inland 
Steel Company; Sterling Morton, of Chicago, gave $25,375 for the 
purpose of establishing the Sterling Morton Endowment Fund; 
Walther Buchen, Trustee, gave an additional $11,000 for zoological 
purposes; and S. C. Johnson and Son, Incorporated, of Racine, 
Wisconsin, again gave $4,000 for research on wax-bearing palms. 
Stanley Field, President of the Museum, added $10,000 to the 
Stanley Field Special Fund; Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, of Lansing, 
Michigan, added $2,550 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleonto- 
logical Fund; and Miss Margaret B. Conover, of Chicago, added 
$5,411.25 to the Conover Game-Bird Fund. The Museum received 
$2,000 from the estate of James Witkowsky for the Flora Mayer 
Witkowsky Fund; $391.49 from the estate of Mrs. Abby K. Babcock; 
and $13,000 from the Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Real Estate Trust. 
Other gifts of money were received from Peder A. Christensen, 
C. Suydam Cutting, Mrs. Ralph W. Davis, John W. Gatenby, Samuel 
Insull, Jr., Thomas C. Jones, National Society of Colonial Dames 
of America (Illinois), Clarence B. Randall, Miss Lillian A. Ross, 
Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Harold H. Swift, and a number of anonymous 
givers. Gifts of materials are listed at the end of this Report (see 
page 87) and under the headings of the scientific departments. 

Donors who have given to the Museum $1,000 to $100,000 in 
money or materials are elected Contributors by the Board of Trustees 
(see page 100 for names of Contributors). Contributors elected in 
1952 are: Leopold E. Block, posthumously elected (in recognition of 
his bequest listed above) ; Miss Margaret B. Conover (in recognition 
of her generous support of work of the Museum) ; Byron Harvey III, 
Chicago (gift of an important collection of Hopi kachina dolls); 
J. Edward Maass, posthumously elected (a bequest of $2,500); 
Sterling Morton (in recognition of his gift listed above); and 
Dr. Harold Trapido, Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, Panama (gift 
of valuable zoological specimens) . 

22 



MEMBERSHIP 

The Museum thanks its many Members for their loyal support of 
its scientific and educational work. The total number of Members 
on the lists of the Museum on December 31, 1952, was 4,801. The 
number in each membership classification was as follows: Bene- 
factors — 25; Honorary Members — 8; Patrons — 16; Corresponding 
Members — 6; Contributors — 180; Corporate Members — 40; Life Mem- 
bers — 152; Non-Resident Life Members — 19; Associate Members — 
2,202; Non-Resident Associate Members — 12; Sustaining Members — 
21; Annual Members — 2,120. The names of all Members of the 
Museum during 1952 are listed at the end of this Report under the 
the headings of the classes of membership. 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 

Recalling the splendid response in 1951 to Members' Night, a second 
Members' Night was held on Friday evening, October 10, 1952. 
The theme for this occasion — the cultural advancement of our 
American Indians — was carried out by a preview for Members of 
the newly reinstalled Hall of Plains Indians (Hall 6), by a special 
exhibit in Stanley Field Hall of Hopi kachina dolls from the col- 
lection presented by Byron Harvey III and of Indian dolls on loan 
from Mrs. Lenore Blanchard Warner, and by the presentation in 
the James Simpson Theatre of the feature of the evening, "American 
Indian Style Show." Frederic H. Douglas, Curator of Native Art, 
Denver Art Museum, who staged the style show, described au- 
thentic Indian costumes as they were graciously modeled by stu- 
dents and faculty members from the Art Institute of Chicago. The 
Museum cafeteria was open at 6 o'clock for the benefit of our 
visitors, whose numbers so far exceeded expectations that a waiting 
line was unavoidably established. Even though the building was 
open until 10:30 o'clock, many visitors did not have sufficient time 
to visit the Library and the many laboratories, workrooms, and 
studios on the third and fourth floors. For this reason it is probable 
that Members' Night in 1953 will feature the work being carried on 
behind the scenes at the Museum by its scientific and technical 
staff. The purpose of Members' Night, of course, is to give to 
those who are helping to support the Museum the opportunity 
better to understand its methods and objectives as well as to enable 
the Museum to show especial appreciation for the interest and the 
steadfast loyalty of its Members. 

23 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

Duties of the staff of The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation are multiple and much broader than normally thought 
of in connection with a lecture foundation. In addition to lectures 
in the halls of the Museum and in the schools of Chicago, this 
Foundation edits and assembles motion-picture presentations, super- 
vises groups of various ages in systematic study of Museum exhibits, 
prepares "Museum Stories," and co-ordinates certain of its lectures 
with the curriculum of the Chicago public schools. Also, from time 
to time, indoctrination courses for schoolteachers are presented 
in order to assist in the use of Museum exhibits to supplement 
classroom instruction. During the year two series of programs 
planned especially to fit courses of study in the Chicago public 



An eager crowd approaches the James Simpson Theatre to see a children's program. 




24 



schools were offered at the Museum and two series of "Museum 
Stories" (Mythical Animals and Life in the South American Jungle) 
were distributed at the spring and fall series of motion-picture pro- 
grams for children. During the fall months, when Girl Scouts of 
the Chicago area used the Museum in a nature-study project, the 
staff of Raymond Foundation trained about sixty Girl Scouts as 
Museum aides to assist the troops as they studied in the Museum 
halls. The Girl Scouts wrote letters on "What We Learned at the 
Museum," which were submitted to Brook Hill Farms, Inc., of 
Chicago, whose president, Howard T. Greene, sponsored the project, 
and to each of the one hundred troops that wrote the best letters 
Brook Hill Farms gave an official Girl Scout American flag. More 
than five thousand Girl Scouts visited the Museum during the 
project and nearly one thousand attended on the day of the pre- 
sentation of flags. The Chicago Tribune sponsored six tours in the 
Museum during one weekend as part of a general program in civic 
co-operation. The Tribune generously used its news columns to 
inform the public of the special tours and issued tickets through its 
public-service office. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, follows: 



RAYMOND FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES 
Activities within the Museum 

Attendance 



r ur cmiuren 

Tours in Museum halls 
Lectures preceding tours . . 
Motion-picture programs . . 


Groups 

1,109 

112 

30 


Attendance 

38,930 
10,311 
21,867 


Groups 


Total 






. 1,251 


For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 


361 


6,625 




Total 




361 


Extension Activities 

Chicago public schools 

Elementary schools 

Total 


65 


20,505 


65 











71,108 



6,625 



20,505 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,677 98,238 

25 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

The chief responsibilities of the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension are twofold: preparation and maintenance 
of exhibits that can be taken out of the Museum to use in class- 
rooms as visual aids in teaching natural history and circulation of 
these portable exhibits by two departmental trucks to schools and 
other institutions eligible for the service. Both activities continued 
in normal operation during the year. In those months when school 
was in session two exhibits were delivered every ten school days to 
each school on the circulation list and the two exhibits left on the 
previous call were picked up, so that each school received thirty- 
four different exhibits. Harris Extension exhibits are circulated 
without charge. All public elementary and high schools within the 
Chicago city limits are eligible for the service, and, as far as is 
possible within the limitations imposed by the availability of ex- 
hibits, circulation is extended to those denominational and private 
schools and public-service institutions that apply for the service 
and demonstrate a need for it. In order to supply each of the 510 
on the circulation list with two exhibits, more than one thousand 
exhibits must be kept in continuous circulation during the school 
year, and a safe reserve for filling special requests is held in the 
Museum. This service that the Museum makes available to the 
schools of Chicago is unique. No other city has one of comparable 
scope. As in other years many consultations were held with rep- 
resentatives from other museums seeking information about estab- 
lishing extension services for their own communities as well as about 
preparation and maintenance of portable exhibits. 

Fifty-one requests for specific exhibits or supplementary teaching- 
material that can be handled and studied directly by the pupils 
were satisfactorily filled (insect specimens, rock and mineral col- 
lections, bird and mammal skins, and bird eggs and nests). During 
the year thirty-one cases were damaged in circulation and two cases 
containing exhibits of Eskimo household implements and fishing 
equipment were stolen. Fourteen new exhibits were completed, 
nine botany exhibits and five geology, an addition that brings a 
better balance in the subjects covered by Harris Extension exhibits. 
In seven old exhibits that were completely revised for circulation 
painted habitat settings were substituted for old photographic or 
plain backgrounds, exhibit material was rearranged, and new acces- 
sories were added. Maintenance repairs in the workshop were 
necessary on 274 cases, and more than three hundred label tags 
were replaced on study skins in the special loan-collection. Work 

26 



^iMf^U) CLKSL ^Jl^OTVb un 



'SVjii OJUL AOMJTvA*^. V^ AktZLT\i 




A story of erosion is told graphically by five identical new exhibits circulated among 
schools of Chicago by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension Department. 



in the field consisted of short collecting-trips in the Chicago area. 
William J. Beecher, formerly a preparator in the department, 
assisted during April in completion of the five new geology exhibits. 
The services of the late John Conrad Hansen, Artist, were made 
available to the department until his illness in October. 

For several years the operating costs of this department have 
exceeded the income received from the endowment generously pro- 
vided by the late N. W. Harris and members of his family. Deficits 
are met annually by an appropriation from other Museum funds. 
Inflation is seriously reducing the service of this department and is 
blocking the possibility of meeting the ever-increasing requests for 
periodic distribution of the popular Harris Extension exhibits. The 
loyalty and skill of the staff of this department have helped to 
maintain excellent service under most difficult conditions. 

27 



LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

The Saturday-afternoon lectures held by the Museum in March, 
April, October, and November were presented to a total of 17,054 
adults, 2,399 more than attended the series last year. Average 
attendance at each lecture was about 947 persons. It is noteworthy 
that several members of our lecture audience have records of almost 
unbroken attendance for a period of fifteen or twenty years. 



THE LAYMAN LECTURER 

During the year Paul G. Dallwig, our Layman Lecturer, completed 
his twelfth and began his thirteenth season. Between seasons he 
revised each of his lectures in order to give his audiences the benefit 
of new information pertaining to the subjects he discusses and to 
add freshness to his presentations. The size of the halls in the Mu- 
seum necessarily restricts attendance but, even so, a total of 4,695 
persons was accommodated. The real gratitude of the Museum 
to Mr. Dallwig for his unusual work is again recorded. 



SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

A special exhibit of outstanding pieces from the Museum's extensive 
collection of Mexican antiquities lately acquired by an exchange 
with the National Museum of Mexico (see 1951 Report, page 35) 
was placed in Stanley Field Hall for the month of July. The special 
exhibit of Indian dolls lent by Mrs. Lenore Blanchard Warner and 
of Hopi kachina dolls from the collection presented to the Museum 
by Byron Harvey III, a feature of Members' Night, October 10, 
remained on exhibition for the public until November 9. Other 
special exhibits during the year were water-colors of birds of Mexico 
by George M. Sutton; photographs of Angkor by Ernest Rathenau, 
of New York; "Life in Liberia," fifty photographs by Griff Davis, 
photographer for Black Star Publishing Company, New York; 
Korean ethnological and archaeological material from the H. N. 
Higinbotham Korean collection presented to the Museum in 1899; 
drawings by students of the Junior School of the Art Institute of 
Chicago; the Second Annual Amateur Handcrafted Gem and Jewelry 
Competitive Exhibition, sponsored by the Chicago Lapidary Club; 
and the Seventh Chicago International Exhibition of Nature Pho- 
tography, held under the auspices of the Nature Camera Club of 
Chicago and the Museum as an annual event. 

28 



STAFF OF THE MUSEUM 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology in the 
Department of Anthropology for the past twenty-six years, and 
Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator for many years in the plant- 
reproduction laboratories of the Department of Botany, retired on 
December 31. Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Eth- 
nology since 1940, resigned at the end of the year to accept the 
directorship of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu, and Dr. 
Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany since 1947, resigned 
effective December 31. Other resignations during the year were: 
Mrs. Eunice M. Gemmill, Classifier, Library; Miss Joanne Neher, 
Secretary, Department of Geology; and Mrs. June Buchwald, Mrs. 
Lorain Stephens, and Mrs. Anne Stromquist, Guide-Lecturers, 
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation. 

Miss Bertha M. Parker, of the Laboratory School of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, author of books on science for children and on 
science-education for adults, was elected Research Associate in the 
Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension by the 
Board of Trustees, who also elected Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate 
Editor of Scientific Publications, an Associate in the Division of 
Insects and Luis de la Torre, of the University of Michigan, an 
Associate in the Division of Mammals. Appointments during the 
year were: Miss Dolla Cox (reassigned), Miss Edith Fleming, and 
Miss Nancy Worsham, Guide-Lecturers, Raymond Foundation; 
Miss Marion K. Hoffmann, Bookkeeper; Homer V. Holdren, Assist- 
ant, Division of Photography; Miss Martha Mullen, Assistant 
Editor, Scientific Publications; Miss Virginia Sharp, Secretary, De- 
partment of Botany; and Miss Maidi Wiebe, Artist, Department of 
Geology. Miss Christine Tardy was promoted from Assistant to 
Associate Public Relations Counsel. 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help. 
Names of some are in the List of Staff. Other volunteers are 
Richard Duffey, Ralph Eiseman, Harry Nelson, Marshall Sahlins, 
Floyd A. Swink, and Archie F. Wilson. 

It is with deep regret that I record the death of two Museum 
employees and of two Museum pensioners: Henry F. Ditzel, on 
May 21, former Registrar of the Museum, in service of the Museum 
for nearly forty years before his retirement in 1944; John Conrad 
Hansen, on November 11, Artist in the Department of Geology 
since 1938; Anthony T. Mazur, on December 6, employed in the 
Division of Maintenance from 1926 until his retirement in 1947; 
and Boleslaw Nytko, on November 15, a new employee. 

29 



MUSEUM EXPEDITIONS 

The Buchen East Africa Zoological Expedition, financed and led by 
Walther Buchen, Trustee, of Winnetka, collected material for a 
habitat group of African marsh birds. One hundred and eighty-nine 
birdskins and sixteen nests were collected for this group, together 
with photographic studies for background and foreground, papyrus 
to reproduce the characteristic swamp vegetation, and other acces- 
sory material. The group features the remarkable whaleheaded 
stork, but even more significantly it represents one of the great 
natural aggregations of animals of the world — the rich and varied 



Curator Austin L. Rand, Miss Ruth Johnson, Staff Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton, 
and Richard Duffey unpack material from East Africa for Nile marsh-bird exhibit. 




30 



bird-life of the marshlands of equatorial Africa. Field work was 
accomplished under the favorable conditions of active co-operation 
with John G. Williams of the Coryndon Museum in Nairobi. 

The Museum conducted twenty-three expeditions and field trips 
in 1952. Their work is described in this Report under the headings 
of the scientific departments. Expeditions and field trips of 1952 
and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology: Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
dition — Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Department of Botany: Cuba Botanical Expedition — Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus; European Study Trip — Dr. Theodor 
Just, Chief Curator 

Department of Geology: Austria Paleontological Expedition— 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles; Canadian Maritime 
Provinces Paleontological Field Trip — Dr. Robert H. Denison, Cura- 
tor of Fossil Fishes; Indiana Paleontological Field Trip — Eugene S. 
Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates; Tennessee Paleon- 
tological Field Trip and Wilmington (Illinois) Paleontological Field 
Trips — George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants; Texas Paleonto- 
logical Expedition — Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils; 
Utah Economic Geology Field Trip — Robert K. Wyant, Curator of 
Economic Geology 

Department of Zoology: Aleutian Zoological Expedition — Colin 
Campbell Sanborn, Curator of Mammals; Buchen East Africa Zo- 
ological Expedition — Walther Buchen, Trustee; California Zoological 
Field Trip — Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects; Colombia 
Zoological Expedition, 191+8-52 — Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Cu- 
rator of Mammals; Co-operative Field Work with United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service in Gulf of Mexico — Loren P. Woods, Curator of 
Fishes; Cuba Zoological Expedition and Florida Zoological Field Trip 
— Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates; European Study 
Trip, 1951-52 — Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects; Guatemala 
Zoological Expedition — Luis de la Torre, Associate, Division of Mam- 
mals; Mexico Zoological Field Trip — Clifford H. Pope, Curator of 
Amphibians and Reptiles; Mount Dapiak Zoological Expedition — 
D. S. Rabor, Field Associate; United States Navy Medical Research 
Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt, 191+9-53 — Harry Hoogstraal (in charge of 
Sudan Substation), Field Associate (Museum representative); West 
Africa Zoological Expedition, 1 950-52— Harry A. Beatty 

31 



Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

During the summer, from June to October, the Southwest Archae- 
ological Expedition continued its investigations of the Mogollon 
culture of west-central New Mexico. Archaeological excavation, 
undertaken in a large open site as well as in two caves and two cliff 
dwellings located in Apache National Forest, was done under a 
permit issued to Chicago Natural History Museum by the Forest 
Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Dr. Paul S. 
Martin, Chief Curator, in charge of the expedition, was assisted by 
Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, Miss Elaine 
Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology (who supervised the excavations), 
Thomas P. Alder, Robert M. Adams, Miss Vivian Broman, W. T. 
Egan, and Miss Katherine Marjorie Kelly. 

In previous seasons our archaeologists had delineated the earlier 
periods of Mogollon culture quite completely, although some addi- 
tional specimens were needed to permit reliable comparisons with 
similar artifact types from other areas and to enable use of more 
precise statistical measures. The primary goal in 1952 was an 
equally complete delineation of the later phases of this culture, 
particularly the Reserve phase, which is tentatively dated at about 
a.d. 1000 to a.d. 1200. The plan was threefold: (1) to secure 
specimens of perishable materials such as sandals, basketry, and 
matting from the later eras, (2) to secure additional cultivated- 
plant specimens and other perishable artifacts from the earlier 
levels of dry caves to supplement those secured by previous exca- 
vations, and (3) to determine the nature of the large rectangular 
ceremonial structures and to obtain additional information about 
the domestic architecture of this time (about A.D. 1050). The 
expedition was completely successful in accomplishing these objec- 
tives. About 1,000 specimens were recovered, not counting broken 
pieces of pottery, odd lengths of cordage, and plant specimens. 
There were bows and arrows, portions of basketry and matting, 
sandals, wooden digging-sticks, cigarettes, painted wooden ceremo- 
nial objects (tablitas) and prayer sticks, grinding stones, tools of 
bone, arrow points, pottery vessels, nets, beans and bean pods, corn 
and corncobs, nuts, squash rinds, and animal bones (deer, rabbit, 
squirrel, turkey, and dog). Among choice discoveries were five beau- 
tifully chipped knife blades of basalt, a large twill-plaited mat of 
rushes, and a rabbit net of great length. 

32 




Eleven-room cliff dwelling excavated by the Southwest Archaeological Expedition 
shows two-story section with part of the first-story ceiling perfectly preserved. 



The two cliff dwellings excavated by the expedition were among 
the first to be scientifically investigated in the Mogollon area. One 
cliff house, overlooking the Blue River, had two rooms and was 
crudely constructed of inferior-quality masonry that contained a 
high proportion of adobe mortar. The other, high in the moun- 
tains, was well constructed and in amazingly good condition. Its 
smoothly plastered walls, still standing to a height of ten feet, were 
stoutly built of large slabs set in adobe mortar. Parts of this house 
had two stories, and there were eleven rooms altogether, some par- 
tially cut in bed rock. The ceiling of the first story is perfectly 
preserved. It was made of several beams, about five inches in 
diameter, across which were laid wooden splints topped by a five- 

33 



inch layer of adobe. This type of ceiling, so common in other parts 
of the Southwest, is the first to be found intact in this area. Part 
of one of the beams will be sent to the Tree Ring Laboratory in 
Tucson in the hope that the wood can be dated. 

The ceremonial structure excavated by the expedition was a 
large rectangular building measuring 28 feet by 32 feet, with a floor 
four feet below the surface of the ground and, serving as a lateral- 
entrance passageway at the middle of the east wall, a ramp about 
30 feet long and 7 feet wide. This masonry structure was built 
inside an earlier structure having walls of wattle-and-daub con- 
struction made of upright posts set about six inches apart with the 
interstices filled by branches and mud. The pottery contents of 
this building, although not yet completely analyzed, are believed to 
indicate extensive trade contacts with the Mimbres area to the 
south. This structure and its contents are an important link in 
the history of ceremonial structures in the Southwest. 

In November the Museum published Mogollon Cultural Conti- 
nuity and Change, The Stratigraphic Analysis of Tularosa and Cordova 
Caves, a report by Chief Curator Martin, Dr. Rinaldo, Miss Bluhm, 
Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, and Roger 
Grange, Jr., that presents the results of archaeological field-work 
in the seasons of 1950 and 1951. A tabulation at the end of the 
volume summarizes for the general reader changes and develop- 
ments in all the traits of tangible culture from Tularosa and Cor- 
dova caves. For the scientist the report describes in detail many 
new traits and contributes much to the ordering of previously 
acquired data. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
made, for use in this report, stratigraphic and statistical analyses 
of stone, bone, and clay artifacts recovered from Cordova Cave 
during the summer of 1951 and prepared charts of the natural and 
artificial stratigraphy of the cave showing how differences in soil 
levels are correlated with the different periods of occupation. For 
a report on the field work of 1952, he made, after his return from 
the field, a precise analysis of the bone, stone, and clay artifacts 
from the two caves and the two cliff dwellings excavated during the 
season. He also completed a paper on the classification of pre- 
historic cultures of the southwestern United States. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, completed 
for publication by the Museum his first report on the results of the 
Anthropological Expedition to Micronesia, 1949-50, a study of the 
ethnology of Saipan, and most of his second report, the prehistory 
of the Mariana Islands based on analysis of archaeological material 

34 




These three Indian dolls representing the Hano long-haired kachina maiden are in 
the collection of Hopi kachina dolls presented to the Museum by Byron Harvey III. 



excavated by the expedition. Through the generous co-operation 
of Dr. Willard F. Libby, of the Institute for Nuclear Studies, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, two radiocarbon determinations of the age of 
archaeological material from the Marianas were made. One of 
these yielded a date of 1527 B.C. ±200 for the Chalan Piao site on 
Saipan. This date, the earliest now known for man in either Mi- 
cronesia or Polynesia, aids immeasurably in the reconstruction of 
prehistoric events in Oceania. The second date, a.d. 854 ±145, 
from the Blue site on Tinian, is important because it is the first 
indication of the antiquity of a type of culture that persisted in 
the Marianas up to the arrival of Magellan in 1521. The date has 
significance also in the history of disease, for at the Blue site a patho- 
logical skeleton was uncovered in a burial. Dr. T. D. Stewart of 
the United States National Museum, an authority on paleopa- 
thology, has diagnosed the pathology of this skeleton to be the result 
of yaws. The carbon- 14 date is evidence that yaws was present in 

35 



the Pacific in prehistoric times, a fact that contributes to our knowl- 
edge of the history of yaws as well as to that of syphilis, which is 
caused by a closely related spirochete. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, continued 
his research on the large collection of crania collected by the Joseph 
N. Field South Pacific Islands Expedition, 1909-13. During the 
year the Museum published Bibliography of African Anthropology, 
1937-19 Jf.9 by Curator Hambly, a supplement to Source Book for 
African Anthropology published by the Museum in 1937 and now 
out of print. The titles in this bibliography are arranged by authors, 
subjects, and regions of Africa, and the periodicals containing ar- 
ticles on African anthropology are classified alphabetically and by 
regions of Africa. 

Donald Collier, Curator of South American Ethnology and 
Archaeology, did research on Mexican archaeology in connection 
with classification, cataloguing, and exhibition of the important 
collection of Mexican antiquities received in exchange from the 
National Museum of Mexico at the end of 1951. He continued 
work on archaeological materials excavated in 1946 by the Archae- 
ological Expedition to Peru and by the end of the year had finished 
his report on the expedition except for completion of the illustrations. 
Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology, 
completed a report on his excavations of the Proto-Lima culture in 
Peru, for which Curator Collier supervised the making of photo- 
graphs and drawings. This report, which will be published by the 
Museum, is the fifth to result from the Captain Marshall Field 
Expedition to Peru, led by Dr. Kroeber in 1925 and 1926. The 
Museum has previously published Ancient Pottery from Trujillo, 
The Northern Coast, and Canete Valley, by Dr. Kroeber, and Textiles 
of the Early Nazca Period, by Lila M. O'Neale with preface by Dr. 
Kroeber. The sixth and final report, on Early Nazca culture, is 
now being prepared for publication by Dr. Kroeber in collaboration 
with Curator Collier. 

From January to July George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, 
was visiting professor of American archaeology and ethnology in 
the Faculty of the History of Philosophy at the University of Oslo, 
Norway, under a Fulbright Grant from the United States Depart- 
ment of State. In addition to teaching American archaeology and 
ethnology he studied the stone-age archaeology of northern Eurasia, 
participated in the excavation of an iron-age burial mound near 
Sande in southern Norway, and designed new exhibits for the North 
American section of the Universitetets Etnografiske Museum. With 
the aid of a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthro- 

36 



pological Research he made a study of northern European museums 
for this Museum, visiting museums in Paris, London, Tromso, 
Trondheim, Bergen, Oslo, Goteborg, Stockholm, Copenhagen, and 
Helsinki to examine anthropological collections and exhibits. One 
conclusion based upon collections observed in the course of this 
museum survey is that the cultures of the circumboreal zone of 
Eurasia and America have been closely related in past periods. 
After his return in July he continued research in North American 
ethnology for the exhibition program, with special emphasis on 
materials of the Porno Indians of California. He completed a report 
for publication on the Museum's collection of Indian portraits 



A diorama of a tent village is shown in the new Hall of Plains Indians (Hall 6). 




37 



painted by George Catlin in 1832 and prepared several chapters of 
a report on the excavation of the Bayou Goula site, a historic period- 
occupancy of east-central Louisiana. 

In connection with the exhibition program it was necessary to 
reorganize the reference collections in several storerooms, to strip 
cases formerly on exhibition, and to make inventories of reference 
collections and of specimens now on exhibition. For the first half 
of the year this work was undertaken by Roger Grange, Jr., assistant, 
and during the second half by Phillip Lewis, assistant. 



Accessions— Anthropology 

The most valuable and important of the artifacts obtained by the 
Southwest Archaeological Expedition of 1952 are the sandals, mats, 
nets, bows, arrows, and tablitas because they are the only specimens 
of such perishable materials that have been recovered from rela- 
tively "pure" late sites of the Mogollon Indians. These unique 
materials are now being classified and studied. In addition, quan- 
tities of corn and other vegetal remains were recovered that should 
reveal much concerning the history of domesticated plants during 
the later eras. An important and interesting accession of the year 
is the collection of 180 Hopi kachina dolls that was given to the 
Museum by Byron Harvey III, of Chicago, who has been collecting 
kachinas since he was a young boy. 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby, with assistance 
from Curator Spoehr and Curator Collier, twenty-five new exhibits 
(including one diorama) were completed during the year by Gustaf 
Dalstrom, Artist, Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist, and Walter C. 
Reese, Preparator. The papier-mache manikins used in some of 
the new exhibits were made by John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer. 
All of the new exhibits were installed in Hall 6, which, when complete, 
will contain fifty- two exhibits (including four dioramas). This hall 
is divided into three sections: Indians of the Plains, Intermountain 
tribes that were influenced by Plains Indians culture, and Indians 
of the California culture area. The first two sections of the hall 
were opened to the public after a preview by Members of the 
Museum and their guests on the evening of October 10. The third 
section of the hall will be completed by the spring of 1953. 

38 



Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Herbarium, who is in 
residence at the Escuela Agricola Panamericana near Tegucigalpa 
in Honduras, has continued his studies of the flora of middle Central 
America. He devoted much of his time during the year to identifi- 
cation of specimens collected by various contributors. His catalogue 
of trees of Honduras will be printed in an early number of Ceiba, 
and a dictionary of economic plants of Central America, an exten- 
sive reference source, is in preparation. Another of his projects 
concerns poisonous plants of Central America. Dr. Margery C. 
Carlson, of Northwestern University, who traveled by jeep to 
southern Mexico and collected widely in the tropical cloud-forest 
of that region, spent several weeks in Honduras as guest of the 
Escuela Agricola Panamericana, where she worked with Curator 
Emeritus Standley and collected in various parts of the country. 

Study of Copernicia palms was continued by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, 
Curator Emeritus of Botany. With the aid of the S. C. Johnson 
and Son Fund he made a visit to Cuba and brought back to the 
Museum much new palm material, notes, and several hundred 
photographs. Experimental work on Copernicia species was con- 
tinued at Atkins Garden and Laboratory of Harvard University at 
Soledad and at the University of Chicago. J. Francis Macbride, 
Curator of Peruvian Botany, completed for publication another 
large part of his Flora of Peru. This part covers fourteen families 
beginning with the Sapindaceae and including the Theaceae. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator, continued his study of living 
and fossil cycads and cycadeoids and of the distribution of fossil 
ferns and pteridosperms. With the aid of a grant from the National 
Academy of Sciences he visited various botanical institutions in 
Switzerland, western Germany, Sweden, Belgium, and England to 
study type collections and anatomical preparations of fossil cycads 
and cycadeoids. During the year Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Asso- 
ciate in Systematic Botany, completed for publication his revision 
of the Hawaiian species of Cheirodendron and of the genus Tetra- 
plasandra as it occurs in the Hawaiian Islands. His revision of the 
Hawaiian species of Reynoldsia and his descriptions of a new genus 
of trees (Munroidendron) from the Island of Kauai and of various 
new species and varieties, chiefly of tropical African Composites, 
have been published (see page 76). 

39 




When this forty-foot palm (Copernicia vespertilionum, center) was felled hundreds 
of small bats of a species apparently collected only once before fled from its dried 
foliage. Photographed in Oriente, Cuba, by Curator Emeritus B. E. Dahlgren. 



As a result of the study of collections made in Venezuela by Dr. 
Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Herbarium, 
the second part of Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela (Steyermark 
and collaborators), which contains descriptions and illustrations of 
new species of the families Droseraceae through Umbel liferae, was 
published by the Museum in December. The third part of this 
work, which will conclude the descriptions of new species, is in the 
press. Curator Steyermark, as honorary research associate of Mis- 
souri Botanical Garden, made several field trips in connection with 

40 



his investigation of the flora of Missouri. Much time was devoted 
to curatorial work associated with miscellaneous determinations and 
to preparation for publication of several parts of the Flora of Guate- 
mala (Standley and Steyermark). The third part of the Flora was 
published in April by the Museum. 

In August the first part of Orchids of Guatemala by the late Pro- 
fessor Oakes Ames (director of the Botanical Museum of Harvard 
University, 1935-50) and Dr. Donovan Stewart Correll (United 
States Department of Agriculture, formerly research associate at 
the Botanical Museum of Harvard University) was published by 
the Museum as a companion volume to the Flora of Guatemala 
(Standley and Steyermark). Orchids of Guatemala, the second part 
of which will appear in the spring of 1953, is the only complete and 
definitive treatment of the orchids of a tropical American country. 
The first part opens with a simple explanation of the unique struc- 
ture of this plant family and contains detailed descriptions and 
discussions of 29 genera, with 321 species and varieties, based on 
botanical specimens assembled from 1831 to the present by more 
than seventy-five collectors. The interesting comments on many 
economically important cultivated orchids will be of value to orchid 
lovers and horticulturists. All of the genera and many of the species 
are illustrated by accurate and exquisite line-drawings, the work of 
the widely known botanical artists Blanche Ames (Mrs. Oakes 
Ames), Gordon Winston Dillon, Dorothy 0. Allen (Mrs. Paul H. 
Allen), Elsie H. Froeschner, Eleonar B. Phillips, and Douglas E. 
Tibbitts (of the Museum). 

Dr. Jose' Cuatrecasas, former Curator of Colombian Botany, 
completed his John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fel- 
lowship in the summer and continued his work on the flora of Co- 
lombia with the aid of a grant from the National Science Foundation. 
In this connection he studied a number of families of flowering 
plants as represented in his own extensive collections as well as 
numerous specimens received on loan from the United States Na- 
tional Museum, New York Botanical Garden, Herbario Nacional 
Colombiano, and Facultad de Agronomia del Valle. Dr. Friedrich 
Ehrendorfer, Jr., Fulbright Fellow on leave from the Botanical 
Institute of the University of Vienna, spent one month at the 
Museum finishing his revision of the genus Relbunium and pre- 
paring keys for identification of the American species of Galium 
(Rubiaceae). Some reorganization of the unmounted collections 
was done by John W. Thieret, Chicago Natural History Museum 
Fellow of the University of Chicago, who also identified a number 
of collections made in Cuba by Curator Macbride and, under the 

41 



direction of Chief Curator Just, worked on his thesis, a morpho- 
logical and taxonomic study of the seeds of the Scrophulariaceae of 
the eastern United States. 

A grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological 
Research aided the work of Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic 
Botany, on archaeological material excavated by the Museum's 
Southwest Archaeological Expeditions of the past few years. In 
connection with this research, experimental plantings were made 
near Chicago of seed collected in Mexico and the Southwest. He 
also continued reorganization of the Museum's wood collections. 
Mrs. Ann Bigelow and Robert Yule prepared and labeled specimens 
for the wood collections and cleaned and sorted plant material. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 
continued historical research on the algae in collaboration with 
William A. Daily, of Butler University, and named numerous speci- 
mens of algae received for identification. Dr. Hanford Tiffany, 
Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany, published, in collabo- 
ration with Dr. Max E. Britton, also of Northwestern University, 
The Algae of Illinois (University of Chicago Press), a comprehensive 
illustrated analysis of the algal flora of Illinois that should stimulate 
interest in phycology both locally and generally. Donald Richards, 
Research Associate in Cryptogamic Botany, collected bryophytes 
in Minnesota and Arkansas. Dr. E. P. Killip, Research Associate 
in Phanerogamic Botany, devoted considerable time to study of the 
algal flora of Big Pine Key, Florida. 



Accessions— Botany 

The largest gifts this year to the phanerogamic herbarium include 
a great number of plants of the United States (nearly 13,000), among 
them 11,208 plants from eastern and central United States, over 
1,000 from Missouri, 315 from Kentucky, and 173 from Florida. 
The largest collection of plants acquired through exchange came from 
Honduras (1,668). Other exchanges came from Venezuela and 
Ecuador (669), Colombia and United States (492), Sweden and 
China (417), Africa and Belgium (412), and Chile and Argentina 
(153). Through exchange 691 hand samples of woods of the United 
States were received from the College of Forestry, State University 
of New York, Syracuse. Valuable purchases of plants from areas 
not well represented in the phanerogamic herbarium include 1,339 
specimens from Bolivia and Chile, 395 from Mexico and Honduras, 
147 from Colombia, and 80 from South Africa. 

42 




A small tree, Clavija glandulifera Cuatr., is a new species of Theophrastaceae from 
the rain forest of Colombia discovered and described by Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas. 



Outstanding among gifts to the cryptogamic herbarium are the 
historically important collection of 1,140 algae from Central Europe 
(Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna), the collection of bryophytes 
(391) made by Dr. Donovan Stewart Correll along the Alaskan 
Highway, the algae (732) collected in the southwestern United 
States by Curator Macbride, the algae (429) of North and South 
America, Oceania, and Hawaii from Dr. Maxwell S. Doty, and the 
algae of Indiana (157) from William A. Daily. Exchange relations 
were maintained with many large American and European herbaria. 
More than 17,000 specimens were purchased through appropri- 
ations from the Donald Richards Fund. The largest collection 

43 



contains 12,228 lichens of the Rocky Mountains, purchased from 
Dr. Henry A. Imshaug, Ann Arbor. Other purchases were 1,810 
lichens of Sweden, 1,000 algae of France and dependencies, 470 
bryophytes and algae of Japan, 413 cryptogams of Wisconsin, and 
300 algae and mosses of Gaspe" Peninsula and New Jersey. 

Approximately 22,500 plants were mounted in the phanerogamic 
herbarium during the year. Before they were mounted, it was 
necessary to dip-poison the specimens with bichloride of mercury. 
The work of poisoning was done by Miss Maruja Kalinowski, Miss 
Olive Doig, and Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx. Mrs. Pletinckx filed in the 
herbarium thousands of specimens, including those returned from 
loans. In the cryptogamic herbarium Mrs. Effie M. Schugman, with 
assistance during part of the year, mounted the P. O. Schallert 
Collection of cryptogams purchased in 1951 and numerous other 
collections of specimens, photographs, and descriptions. 



Exhibits— Botany 

Notable progress was made in Hall 26 (Charles F. Millspaugh Hall, 
North American Trees) with the work, begun four years ago, of 
replacing photographs of branches with three-dimensional models. 
Eight reproductions of leafy branches were added to the exhibits: 
blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata) , black locust (Robinia pseudo- 
acacia), sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) , American holly (Ilex opaca), 
bitternut (Carya cordiformis), red maple (Acer rubrum), dogwood 
(Cornus florida), and paper birch (Betula papyrifera), all of which 
are the work of Preparator Frank Boryca and Artist-Preparators 
Milton Copulos and Samuel H. Grove, Jr. Two restorations by 
Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella, one of the southern white cedar 
(Chamaecyparis thyoides) and the other of the bald cypress (Taxodium 
distichum), were also placed on exhibition in Hall 26. Reinstallation 
of the flowering-plant exhibits in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson 
Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life), under the direction of Curator Sella, is 
gradually reaching the final stage. During the year the family 
exhibits of orchids, bananas, marine algae, fungi, lichens, horsetails, 
and clubmosses were reconditioned and rearranged. An important 
addition to the synoptic installations in the hall is a reproduction 
by Curator Sella and Artist-Preparator Grove of an attractive cul- 
tivated Korean species of spindle-tree (Euonymus hamiltonianus 
var. yedoensis) of the Celastrus family shown in its fruiting stage. 
Preparator Mathias Dones, as in previous years, assisted with all 
installations in the halls and rebuilt several exhibition cases. 

44 



Department of Geology 



Research and Expeditions 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, spent 
most of the year studying a fine collection of Early Silurian trilo- 
bites and other invertebrates from Channahon, Illinois, brought 
together by George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, before he 
joined the Museum staff. These studies were mainly revisionary, 
but new illustrations of some of the species were included. A valu- 
able by-product of Curator Langford's assiduous collecting of fossil 
plants in the Coal-age deposits near Braidwood and Coal City, 
Illinois, has been an ever-growing accumulation of fossil inverte- 
brates and fossil fishes that lived in the coal swamps. Only a very 
small percentage of fossil-bearing nodules from the Braidwood 
strip-mines yield these animal fossils, but over a period of several 
years the Museum collection has been enriched by several hundred 
fine specimens. During the year Curator Richardson studied several 
species of fossil insects from this fauna and prepared descriptions. 
Insects of the Coal age rank among the most interesting and valu- 
able of all fossils because they are the first known representatives 
of what is today the largest group of the animal kingdom. 

Curator Langford continued to devote most of his time to cata- 
loguing, preparing, and identifying Upper Cretaceous and Lower 
Eocene plants from the clay deposits of western Tennessee. He 
also prepared a manuscript about these plants, with full descriptions 
and illustrations of 575 species, many of which have never before 
been referred to in the literature of the subject. As in previous 
years Curator Langford made several short collecting-trips to the 
Pennsylvanian formations west and southwest of Wilmington, Will 
County, Illinois. He was accompanied, at one time or another, 
by Mrs. Langford, Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, Associates in 
Fossil Plants, or Curator Richardson. In October Curator Langford 
took one trip of ten days with Curator Richardson to Mecca, Indiana, 
and to western Tennessee, where they collected in three formations 
of the Wilcox group, Early Eocene, and in the Ripley formation of 
the Late Cretaceous. The specimens of flora from all five formations 
have yielded a great number of specimens of many species and 
many new species not recognized in the published references. 

Studies made by Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, 
varied from time to time during the year. To co-operate with the 
work on meteorites at the National Museum, Washington, D.C., 

45 



USES OF COPPER 

COPPER ALLOYS HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO PRACTICALLY ALL 
TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS 




//#' 



I \i 



\ 



A specimen of native copper, various types of copper alloys, and products made of 
copper are displayed in a new exhibit in the Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36). 



he redetermined the specific gravity of the La Porte, Mapleton, and 
Smithonia meteorites, using a more accurate method of density 
determination. He also isolated the mineral schreibersite in the 
La Porte and Mapleton meteorites and examined it qualitatively. 
Troilite was determined quantitatively in the Pantar Llano mete- 
orite. Other work was quantitative analyses of sedimentary rocks 
from the Rio Torolo district in El Salvador, paragenesis of lead and 
zinc specimens from Illinois, Missouri, and Colorado, and quali- 
tative determination of minerals in carbonate rocks from Illinois. 
In connection with preparation of manuscripts he made numerous 
thin-sections of rocks, took microphotographs of specimens, and 
drafted field-maps. During September he collected from mining 
localities in Utah, Arizona, and Colorado several hundred rock and 
ore specimens, which were added to the study collections. 

46 



Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, completed a 
monographic study of turtles of the family Toxochelyidae, including 
descriptions of specimens collected over a period of years in the 
Mooreville formation of Alabama, which, with the revision of the 
family Protostegidae, is in the press. He is currently engaged in 
describing some well-preserved specimens of sea turtles from the 
Early Oligocene shale of Glarus, Switzerland. The specimens have 
only recently been prepared for study at the University of Zurich, 
although reference to one of them was made in geologic literature 
as early as 1758. He spent three months in the Vorarlberg district 
of western Austria to explore a fossil locality in a Triassic bituminous 
limestone. His principal objective was to determine the frequency 
of occurrence of vertebrate fossil remains in these shales and the 
stratigraphic position within a large and structurally complicated 
section. The major work consisted of quarrying out about thirty 
cubic meters of shale along the Plattenbach valley near Bludenz. 
Numerous reptile and fish bones and scales were collected, but no 
large aggregation of skeletons was found. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, continued his 
studies of Early Devonian fishes from northern Utah. His work on 
the second group of primitive jawless vertebrates, the Heterostraci, 
is nearing completion and he has started preparation and preliminary 
investigation of the arthrodires. As an adjunct to his study of the 
morphology, relationships, and ecology of the earliest vertebrates 
he completed preparation of the specimens of Silurian Heterostraci 
that he collected in 1951 in fossil-fish localities of eastern states. 
He spent July and August in the field in the Maritime Provinces 
of Canada, where he collected vertebrates from the Silurian rocks 
of southern New Brunswick and from the Devonian of Nova Scotia, 
northern New Brunswick, and the Gaspe" Peninsula. Two specimens 
of an extremely rare, small, armored, fish-like ostracoderm (Hetero- 
straci) were obtained from the mid-Silurian rocks of southern 
New Brunswick, where they were found associated with a larger, 
more common, small-scaled ostracoderm (genus Thelodus). Along 
the shore of Northumberland Straits in Nova Scotia a number of 
earliest Devonian ostracoderms (Heterostraci and Osteostraci) were 
quarried out of the red sandstones and mudstones of the Knoydart 
formation. They are the first well-preserved specimens of this age 
from North America. 

As reported last year, Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mam- 
mals, left for Argentina near the end of 1951 to devote 1952 and 
the early part of 1953 to the study of South American fossil verte- 
brates, especially those from the Cenozoic formations. His primary 

47 



object is to make first-hand observations and to gather data that 
will facilitate his work on the collections of fossil mammals made 
by the Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions to Argentina and 
Bolivia during 1922-24 and 1926-27 under the leadership of the 
former Curator of Paleontology, Elmer S. Riggs. The opportunity 
to carry out these studies was afforded by the award of a John Simon 
Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship to Curator Patterson. 
Most of his time was spent in Buenos Aires at the Museo Argentino 
de Ciencias Naturales, where he was given unrestricted co-operation 
and accorded hospitality seldom enjoyed elsewhere by a visiting 
member of a foreign institution. For this, the Museum extends its 
grateful appreciation to the Argentine museum. 

Routine administrative work and writing labels for the new Hall 
of Physical Geology (Hall 34) occupied most of the time of Dr. 
Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator. Monographs on the fresh-water 
limestone from El Salvador and on the Pantar meteorite were begun 
early in the year, but neither was quite completed. Both studies 
were made in collaboration with Curator Wyant, who was chiefly 
responsible for the advanced stage of the manuscripts at the end of 
the year. A paper on the geology of the polar regions was com- 
pleted and awaits publication. Work on the catalogue of meteo- 
rites continued, and Chief Curator Roy spent three weeks at the 
National Museum, Washington, D.C., checking references. 

Mrs. Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant in Fossil Vertebrates, took 
charge of two manuscripts by Curator Patterson and did creditable 
work in putting them into shape. She also furnished him with 
information regarding specimens and literature not available in 
Argentina and supervised taking hundreds of photographs sent to 
him to expedite his studies. She assisted the Chief Curator with a 
substantial part of the routine work of the department. Chief 
Preparator Orville L. Gilpin and William D. Turnbull, Preparator, 
spent six weeks collecting in the Trinity sands of northern Texas. 
Washing and sorting this material continued at the Museum and 
twenty-six Early Cretaceous mammal-specimens were gained. 



Accessions— Geology 

An important addition to our collection of fossils from the Chicago 
area is the gift of 104 fossil invertebrates from the Early Silurian 
Alexandrian limestone of Channahon, Illinois, collected by Curator 
Langford some years ago. A gift from St. Mary's Seminary, 
Techny, Illinois, of 59 fossil invertebrates includes two species from 

48 




Reconstruction of Dimetrodon grandis, painted by Miss Maidi Wiebe, Department 
of Geology, is shown with the skeleton exhibited in Ernest R. Graham Hall. 



the famous Middle Cambrian Burgess shale, British Columbia, 
that were collected originally by Dr. Charles D. Walcott about 
1910 and still bear his locality notations. The Burgess shale fauna 
is restored in a habitat group in Hall 37 (Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall, 
Fossil Invertebrate Animals and Fossil Plants), the only such 
habitat group in existence, but these specimens are the first from 
that famous bed to be included in the Museum collection. By 
exchange with the University of California a collection of 110 species 
(213 specimens) of marine fossil-invertebrates characteristic of the 
West Coast was gained. Among additions to the collection of 
fossil vertebrates are two splendid skeletons of Pleistocene moas 
received in exchange from Canterbury Museum at Christchurch, 
New Zealand; 32 Early Permian fossil reptiles collected by Dr. 
Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, gift of the University of 
Chicago; and the cranium of a muskox collected many years ago in 
Iowa by August G. Becker, gift of Raymond B. Becker. To the 
gem collection were added four synthetic rutile stones and a boule, 
gifts of Kenya Gem Corporation and Jarra Gem Corporation. 

49 



Exhibits— Geology 

Substantial progress in the installation of exhibits in the new Hall 
of Physical Geology (Hall 34) has been made. Plans call for thirty- 
seven exhibits, ten of which were installed during the year. Physical 
geology is the backbone of the earth sciences, and so all efforts are 
being made to present this difficult subject to the public in as 
clear-cut fashion as the resources of the Museum will permit. With 
experience gained from the installation of exhibits in Hall 37 (Fossil 
Invertebrate Animals and Fossil Plants, Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall), 
there is reason to believe that the new hall will be outstanding. 
Directly participating in the program are Chief Curator Roy, Cu- 
rator of Exhibits Harry E. Changnon, Preparators Henry Horback 
and Henry U. Taylor, and Miss Maidi Wiebe. Death has removed 
John Conrad Hansen, Artist, who served the Department of Geology 
diligently and brilliantly for the past fourteen years. Miss Wiebe, 
who has taken his place, has the training to be a worthy successor. 
Three exhibits displaying six skeletons of Permian reptiles — Di- 
metrodon, Ophiacodon, Sphenacodon, Varanops, Casea, and Aula- 
cocephalodon — were installed in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38, 
Fossil Vertebrates). With the installation of another reptile, Eda- 
phosaurus, the series of exhibits showing the Permian amphibians 
and reptiles received from the University of Chicago will be com- 
pleted. The skeletons were partially prepared and remounted by 
Chief Preparator Gilpin and Preparator Stanley Kuczek. 



This skeleton of the reptile Dimetrodon grandis is now in Ernest R. Graham Hall. 




50 



Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

A report on a collection of West African rodents received from the 
Companhia de Diamantes de Angola was finished by Colin Campbell 
Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, who continued his special interest 
in bats, with a by-product of notes for publication and some progress 
on his larger work reviewing the genus Rhinolophus. Work on the 
mammals of Peru was continued. Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant 
Curator, after his return from Colombia in September continued 
study of the mammalian fauna of that country. The final nine 
months of his Colombian field work, begun in 1948 as a survey of 
the mammals of the most varied of the Andean countries, were 
devoted to Bogota and the region of the Caqueta, one of the head- 
water streams of the Amazon. Luis de la Torre, Associate, while a 
graduate student at the University of Michigan continued his study 
of Guatemalan mammals and again visited Guatemala under the 
auspices of the Museum for field work in the southeastern corner. 

In late February Curator Sanborn went to the Aleutian Islands 
with the special mission of collecting sea otters for a long-projected 
habitat group for the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N). With 
the aid of personnel of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 
United States Air Force, and Arctic Health Research Center, 
Curator Sanborn was able to spend twelve days on Amchitka Island, 
accompanied by Major Robert Rausch. With the valuable advice 
and aid of Robert D. Jones, Jr., who had charge of the program of 
sea-otter conservation and lived on Amchitka, photographs for 
reference in preparation of the background of the exhibits, acces- 
sories for the foreground, and three specimens of sea otter were 
obtained. If all who contributed time and material aid to the 
progress of this expedition could be named, the roster would be one 
of the largest in the history of the Museum. 

The continuing researches of Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of 
Birds, resulted in a number of published papers and in manuscripts 
in press or in preparation on such varied regions as Nepal, the 
Philippines, southwest Asia, West Africa, and Tristan da Cunha. 
Curator Rand's work, mainly on Old World birds, was supplemented 
by the work of Associate Curator Emmet R. Blake on collections 
from the New World. Associate Curator Blake was occupied 
throughout the year with his Birds of Mexico, A Guide for Field Iden- 
tification, which is scheduled for publication early in 1953 by the 

51 




These specimens of the very rare mountain paca Stictomys taczanowskii, a rodent 
that never before has been photographed, were live-trapped in southern Colombia. 



University of Chicago Press. This handbook is suited to the needs 
of both the novice and the specialist. Comprehensive in scope, it 
describes almost one thousand species and more than two thousand 
geographical varieties of birds that occur in Mexico. Of these, 329 
species are illustrated by black-and-white line-drawings. All of the 
illustrations, including a frontispiece in color of a Mexican toucan 
(the collared aracari), are the work of Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illus- 
trator, of the Museum staff. The Associate Curator began research 
on the Monniche Collection from Panama, and by the end of the 
year he had also identified the birds collected by Assistant Curator 
Hershkovitz in the course of his Colombian field work. This material 
contained a new tinamou related to the large black species de- 
scribed from Peru by the late Boardman Conover in 1949. Research 
by the staff was much aided by the continued curatorial assistance 
of Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, especially in the rearrangement 
of the game-bird collections incorporated with the Conover Col- 
lection received in 1951. 

The work of the West Africa Zoological Expedition in French 
Equatorial Africa and Angola, begun in 1950, was concluded at the 
end of the year. In addition to a small by-product of mammal 
specimens and bird skeletons, nearly two thousand specimens of 
birds have been received, and the final material from this expedition 

52 



is expected early in 1953. Field Associate D. S. Rabor continued 
collecting in the Philippine Islands, adding more than three hundred 
birdskins to the collection by his field work in Mindanao and Negros 
islands. Work of the Buchen East Africa Expedition, financed and 
led by Walther Buchen, Trustee, is described on page 30. 

The principal research in the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles 
was the programmed studies of Curator Clifford H. Pope on North 
American salamanders, to which his second expedition to Mexico 
was also chiefly directed. As in 1951, a special effort was made to 
collect salamanders from the escarpment of the Mexican plateau, 
where the species of the mainly North American family Plethodon- 
tidae have undergone a remarkable diversification that has resulted 
in a bewildering variety of closely related forms and therefore 
afford an opportunity to study evolution in progress. Hymen 
Marx, Assistant, prepared two short papers on snakes received 
from Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal, who is stationed in Cairo. 
Stanley Rand, temporary assistant, completed a report on the 
collection of amphibians and reptiles that he made in El Salvador 
in 1951. The comprehensive study of Philippine amphibians, begun 
by Assistant Curator Robert F. Inger before his transfer from the 
Division of Reptiles to the Division of Fishes, was completed by 
the end of the year for publication. 

In the course of the year Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator, 
found time to return actively to herpetological studies, mainly in 
the taxonomy of the venomous snakes of the genus Micrurus, and 
to studies of the fauna of southwestern Asia. Two papers were 
completed to report his personal acquaintance with the remarkable 
New Zealand reptile, the tuatara, made on the occasion of his 
attendance of the Seventh Pacific Science Congress in 1949. At 
the end of the year the Chief Curator's manuscript for a new edition 
of Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles, begun 
in 1946, had been closed and sent to the University of Chicago 
Press to be published by the American Society of Ichthyologists 
and Herpetologists. Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant, continued the 
measuring and marking of blue racers from a hibernation aggre- 
gation of this local species of snake in the Indiana dunes region. 

In the Division of Fishes Curator Loren P. Woods continued his 
investigations of the fish fauna of the Gulf of Mexico, in which 
study his interest centers on taxonomy and relation of distribution 
to depth and nature of the bottom. Late in the year he and Assist- 
ant Curator Inger participated in another exploration cruise aboard 
the motor-vessel Oregon of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service. They again reached Campeche Banks in the southern 

53 



Gulf of Mexico and were able, for the first time, to collect reef 
fishes by the technique of poisoning with rotenone. The large 
collections from the Gulf Coast of Texas, presented by the Texas 
Game, Fish and Oyster Commission, have been especially important 
to the Division of Fishes because of its continuing interest in the 
Gulf of Mexico, and these collections have yielded an unexpected 
series of undescribed species. A review by Curator Woods of the 
squirrel fishes (Holocentrus) is now in press. Assistant Curator 
Inger completed an ecological study of the brackish and fresh-water 
fishes of Borneo that he collected on the Borneo Zoological Expe- 
dition of 1950, including in his paper information on feeding habits 
of fishes of tropical fresh-water streams. He also studied the fishes 
of an off-shore coral reef, from which he had obtained the first such 
collection available from Borneo. Woods and Inger have continued 
their joint studies of cave fishes of the central United States in 
search of clues to the relation of the family Amblyopsidae with 
other groups of fishes. Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, has continued 
work on a checklist of fishes found below one-thousand fathoms and 
study of deep-sea fishes of the genus Tetragonurus. 

The research of the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy continued 
to center around the anatomy of the giant panda and related car- 
nivores, with detailed study of the architecture of the masticatory 
apparatus and of the pelvis. Notable progress was made during 
the year on the drawings to illustrate the monograph on the giant 
panda, work now in the hands of Miss Phyllis Wade, assistant. 
The masticatory apparatus of the South American spectacled bear 
(Tremarctos) , which resembles that of the giant panda, was studied 
and a special report embodying the results was prepared by Curator 
D. Dwight Davis for publication. In continuation of his interest 
in animal behavior he wrote a paper on the remarkable defensive 
behavior of a helmeted iguanid lizard that was received alive from 
Central America. He is preparing a manuscript describing the 
mammals collected by the Borneo Zoological Expedition of 1950 
and, with Dr. Waldemar Meister, of Chicago College of Osteopathy, 
completed a report on the fetal membranes and placenta of the 
white shrew (Echinosorex gymnura), one of the most generalized of 
living mammals. Research Associate R. M. Strong continued his 
work on the anatomy of the large American salamander Necturus 
and on the anatomy of various families of birds. 

Early in the year Curator Rupert L. Wenzel of the Division of 
Insects terminated his study of type specimens of New World his- 
terid beetles in the collection of museums in London, Paris, and 
Genoa and returned to Chicago. Dr. Charles H. Seevers, Research 

54 



Associate, continued his study of the staphylinid beetles associated 
with termites and completed the first draft of a monograph on these 
remarkable insects, important additions to which work are based 
on material in the Bernhauer Collection acquired in 1951 from 
Vienna. Field work was limited to a six-week trip by Associate 
Curator Henry S. Dybas to California by way of the Southwest in 
April and May to obtain a representative sample of the minute 
insects of the forest floor and similar niches in the areas visited. 
He obtained much valuable material, including many interesting 
specimens of the minute feather-winged fungus-inhabiting beetles of 
the family Ptiliidae, object of his special studies for many years. 



Supplementary material in a new exhibit of perching songbirds in Hall 21, such as 
the knot'tying diagrams and the nest in this panel, gives variety to the display. 



WtAVIR BIRDS 




55 



Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, spent five weeks 
in Cuba studying the remarkable local distribution of land snails. 
In this work he received the cordial aid of his colleagues at the 
University of Havana and of other students and collectors. Later 
in the year he spent two weeks in examination of the beach fauna 
of Lake Worth, Florida, where he was also cordially received by 
the enthusiastic local group of collectors and students of shells. 
Studies of the collections made on these trips are in progress. Other 
research was a by-product of curatorial duties in the course of 
revision of the material of various families of land snails in the 
Museum collections, mainly in the Walter F. Webb Collection. 
Also a by-product of rearrangement of the collections was the list 
of mollusks of the Solomon Islands completed by Alan Solem, 
assistant during the summer. 

The continuing routine work of the Department of Zoology forms 
an essential background for both research and exhibition. Tanner 
Dominick Villa was aided by Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant Taxi- 
dermist, in the preparation of skins for exhibition, the care of the 
collection, and the remaking of study skins. Mrs. Dorothy B. 
Foss, Osteologist, continued to prepare skeletons of mammals, birds, 
and reptiles received from Brookfield and Lincoln Park zoos for the 
permanent reference collection that is essential both to vertebrate 
paleontology and to comparative anatomy. Curator Emeritus 
William J. Gerhard continued with the transfer of the Strecker 
Collection of moths and butterflies to new cases and arrangement 
of the pamphlet library. August Ziemer, Assistant, was engaged 
throughout the year in mounting insects for permanent storage. 
The work of Artist Margaret G. Bradbury for the various divisions 
contributed to the success of exhibits and technical papers. 



Accessions— Zoology 

Wide recognition of the Division of Insects as an active research 
center is reflected in the amount of type material presented, acquired 
by exchange, or made available for purchase. Exchange with the 
British Museum (Natural History), London, brought 538 histerid 
beetles for Curator Wenzel's special interest, and these include 197 
cotypes. By purchase 203 paratypes from various groups of insects 
were acquired during the year. Gifts added 83 types and paratypes. 
The corrected figure for the Bernhauer Collection of staphylinid 
beetles, purchased in 1951 (see Annual Report, page 62), is 115,000 
specimens. Of special importance to the research program of the 

56 



Division of Fishes are the gifts of 1,946 specimens (105 species) of 
marine fishes, from Dr. J. A. Ramos, of the Department of Biology, 
University of Puerto Rico; 1,329 specimens (about 55 species) of 
fresh-water fishes, from the Fisheries Department of the Colony of 
North Borneo; 230 fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, from the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service; and 37 lots of marine invertebrates 
of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Texas Game, Fish and Oyster 
Commission. Valuable gifts of mollusks were received from Miguel 
L. Jaume and Dr. Mario Sanchez Roig, of Havana, Cuba; Dr. 
Argentino A. Bonetto, of Santa Fe, Argentina; Dr. Helmut Sick, of 
Rio de Janerio, Brazil; and Dr. Otto Schubart, of Sao Paula, Brazil. 
Major gifts to the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles are 903 
specimens from Dr. Harold Trapido, of Gorgas Memorial Laboratory 
in Panama, and 58 specimens from Captain Robert Guillaudeu, 
Korea, a volunteer assistant in past years. An outstanding purchase 
in the Division of Birds was the Mbnniche Collection amounting to 
1,595 specimens from the restricted region of the Volcan Chiriqui, 
the highest mountain in Panama. Other purchases of exotic birds 
include 350 from Tanganyika Territory, 464 from India, 82 from 
Southwest Africa, and two (of an extinct species) from New Zealand. 
The largest gift to the Division of Mammals was 982 mammals of 
Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, from departmental Field 
Associate Hoogstraal, who also generously gave birds, reptiles, am- 
phibians, insects, and mollusks to the collections. 



Exhibits— Zoology 

The most important addition to the zoological exhibition halls 
during the year is the exhibit of wax models showing the mechanics 
and comparative anatomy of the muscles of vertebrates that was 
installed in the Hall of Vertebrate Anatomy (Hall 19). The models, 
some of which were made several years ago by Miss Nellie Starkson, 
were prepared by Artist Joseph B. Krstolich under the direction of 
Curator Davis. An exhibit of songbirds, third in a series of perching 
birds of the world, was installed in Boardman Conover Hall (Birds 
in Systematic Arrangement, Hall 21). The exhibit, prepared by 
Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton under the direction of Curator Rand, 
embodies several features that mark important improvements in 
exhibition technique, chief of which are grouping of related birds 
on raised panels in uniform poses, reduction of perch material, and 
addition of supplementary explanatory material such as nests and 
drawings. Taxidermist Ronald J. Lambert was occupied with 

57 



reinstallation of five exhibits in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, 
Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects) of various turtles and lizards. 
The preparation of habitat groups of the Malay tapir and of the 
northern sea otter was under way during the year. The sea-otter 
scene will show a family group on the tidal rocks of Amchitka 
Island in the Aleutians where a protected colony of sea otters, once 
near extermination, now flourishes. The sea otters — a male, a 
female, and one youngster — have been mounted by Taxidermist 
Frank C. Wonder. The habitat group of the tapir, in the hands of 
Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, likewise was well advanced at the 
end of the year. Material for this group was obtained by the Rush 
Watkins Zoological Expedition to Siam in 1949. At the end of the 
year work was actively under way on the African marsh-bird group, 
for which the larger birds have been mounted and the papyrus and 
water-lily accessories are ready for installation. A motion-picture 
record of the construction of this group is being made by Taxi- 
dermist Lambert, which, with the films taken by the Buchen East 
Africa Expedition, will be the first complete record of a Museum 
habitat group from field to laboratory to exhibition hall. 



Model showing the external muscles of a lizard is a detail from the new exhibit 
in Hall 19 that explains the mechanics of motion and shows how muscles function. 




58 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

The organization and growth of the Library of the Museum have 
been based on a systematic selective system of acquisition by 
purchase, by exchange with institutions in many countries, and by 
solicitation of publications from other educational organizations. 
The new acquisitions cited elsewhere in this Report (see page 96) 
are a measure of this activity during the year. However, a science 
library with a definite program of acquisition must foresee future 
needs so that it can avoid a fixed policy that may later confuse and 
impoverish the collection. The Museum Library therefore en- 
deavors to acquire comprehensively in those fields where the material 
is related to its collection, but material is not purchased that is 
already represented adequately in other libraries where it is easily 
available unless some special reason requires its presence in the 
Museum. A review of the daily flow of incoming bibliographical 
material is effective in the Library's system of selection. 

The Library's growth and activity has continued during the year 
at an accelerated rate. A total of 1,740 volumes was added to the 
collection by purchase, exchange, and gift and 809 volumes were 
withdrawn. As in past years gifts to the Library have been received 
in quantity, and I take this opportunity to thank all donors for their 
support. An example of the kind of gift received by the Library 
is E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge, Charpentier edition [1829-39?], 
a notable gift from Cyril F. Dos Passos. The Museum further 
gratefully acknowledges the constant outstanding co-operation of 
John Crerar Library in placing in the Museum Library on indefinite 
loan or permanent loan important serials, such as Encyclopedie 
Mycologique (volumes 1 to 13). 

Acquisition of publications does not produce a library, however. 
Classification and cataloguing are essential, and the catalogue of a 
library that engages in collecting research publications over many 
decades becomes a powerful bibliographic instrument of many 
uses. Although the catalogue of the Museum Library cannot be 
considered sufficiently exhaustive in any one field to satisfy the 
specialist, it has an advantage over general bibliography in that it 
not only lists, under the Library of Congress system, but also locates 
monographic publications and frequently indicates which mono- 
graphs themselves contain bibliographies. Volumes reclassified in 
1952 under Library of Congress classification totaled 5,560, and 
22,028 cards covering this material were filed in the various cata- 
logues. All new material received for the departmental libraries 
since September, 1947, has been classified under Library of Congress 

59 



classification and considerable parts of the anthropology and zoology 
libraries have been reclassified (including about three-fourths of the 
ornithology division and the entire reptile division) as well as parts 
of the botany and geology libraries. A total of 36,284 volumes 
has been classified since the beginning of the project, and 85,357 
cards have been added to the new Library of Congress catalogue. 
In addition 1,592 analytics have been made for monographs. 

Serial publications (periodicals, journals, etc.) present a special 
problem because they are by far the most numerous publications 
the Library receives and they are also the type of publication most 
used by the scientific divisions of the Museum. Most of this material 
is received by exchange with institutions all over the world. The 
fact that many organizations were receiving the Museum's publi- 
cations while not fulfilling their part of the original agreement was 
disclosed through revision of old exchange agreements. Another 
result of this revision has been the establishment of important new 
exchange agreements. This access to the world-wide literary cover- 
age of scientific and cultural progress in the Museum's own special 
subject-fields, so important to the work of all its divisions, is made 
possible largely by the cordial exchange relations maintained be- 
tween the Museum and academies and learned societies, univer- 
sities, museums, and other scientific and cultural organizations both 
at home and abroad. During the year 22,235 items (exclusive of 
books) were received in the Library, of which 7,649 represented 
serials recorded on the Kardex. In comparison, 9,539 items (ex- 
clusive of books) were received in the Library in 1948. 

An important service of the Library is the translation into English 
of correspondence received for the entire Museum. Two hundred 
and seven communications were translated from French, German, 
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Russian. Another important 
piece of work is the continued checking of the Library's serial 
holdings for inclusion in the forthcoming supplement of Union List 
of Serials in Libraries of the United States and Canada. The Museum 
Library reported many new titles and additions as well as revisions. 
This important co-operative undertaking of the principal libraries 
of this country and Canada results in the continuation of one of 
the most useful and time-saving of bibliographic tools. 

The overcrowded condition of the Library's shelves, which has 
been a handicap to efficient use of the Library, has been relieved in 
part by the installation of additional shelving in both the botany 
and geology libraries and by withdrawal from the collection of 
material not falling directly within the scope of our interests. The 
proceeds from the sale of this material provided the means of 

60 



acquiring desiderata long on the Library's list. Accelerated activity 
in the Library's binding operations is indicated by 1,960 volumes 
bound in 1952 in comparison with the 750 volumes bound in 1951. 
The use of the Library for reference is increasing and many of the 
reference questions from outsiders require hours of painstaking 
research. Loan-desk records show that 2,585 volumes were bor- 
rowed by nonmembers of the Museum staff. Through interlibrary 
loan, an important service of the Library that immediately provides 
members of the Museum's scientific staff with data needed in re- 
search, 205 volumes were borrowed during the year. 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

The Division of Photography made during the year a total of 20,032 
negatives, prints, enlargements, and lantern slides for the Museum, 
other institutions, the press, and general sales. More than 110,000 
negatives are now in the photography files. Miscellaneous art work 
supplied to the departments and divisions of the Museum during 
the year by Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator, includes labels, 
charts, map revisions, color studies, cartoons, and lettering. Major 
projects completed or nearly completed by him were illustrations 
for two series of "Museum Stories" and for six important scientific 
publications, among them Birds of Mexico, A Guide for Field Iden- 
tification and Orchids of Guatemala. 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The Museum is now on the air visually as well as audibly from one 
to several times every day on every one of Chicago's four television 
stations. Publicity by television was begun by the Museum in 
September after long and careful planning and preparation. Officials 
of the television stations credit the Museum with the distinction of 
being the first educational institution in Chicago to use the technique 
of spot announcements and pictures on this newest medium of 
communication day by day through every local outlet as a means 
of calling attention to scientific and cultural activities. It is par- 
ticularly appropriate that the Museum should be a leader in using 
television in this way because it pioneered in educational programs 
in 1940 when television was still in an experimental stage with but 
one telecasting station and about one hundred receiving sets in 
Chicago. In the years since these small beginnings, during which 

61 



television has developed as a major means of communication with 
the public, representation on many programs had been arranged by 
H. B. Harte, Public Relations Counsel. In 1952 steps were taken 
to expand use of the new medium on a regular schedule. 

The present Museum project was put into operation by Miss 
Christine Tardy, of the Public Relations staff, who contacted officials 
of the television stations in Chicago and arranged for the Museum 
to use a part of the time they are required to devote to unpaid-for 
public-service telecasts. In conferences with executives and tech- 
nicians of each station — WBKB ( American Broadcasting Company- 
Paramount Theaters, Inc.), WBBM-TV (Columbia Broadcasting 
System), WGN-TV (Chicago Tribune -Dumont Television Network), 
and WNBQ (National Broadcasting Company) — suitable formats 
were established and the groundwork in technical requirements was 
laid for the Museum's part of the operations. The Museum is 
indebted to the personnel of the television stations and to the com- 
panies owning the facilities for their fine co-operation and generous 
allocation of time. The television stations have furnished reports 
indicating that the time given free of charge to the Museum during 
the last four months of the year in which service was instituted, if 
billed at commercial television-advertising rates, would have cost 
more than $32,000. 

The Museum's televised messages are not commercial and are 
intended only to bring visitors to the Museum by publicizing current 
activities, such as lectures, motion pictures, or special exhibits, and 
by stimulating interest in natural history. In addition to the daily 
television spots the Museum was represented in a number of fifteen- 
minute and half-hour programs under various sponsorships, in 
which members of the Museum's scientific staff took part or proper- 
ties furnished by the Museum were used. Plans have been made 
for the Museum to participate in series of full-length programs now 
in preparation. 

The number of publicity releases prepared for the press by the 
Division of Public Relations was 420 in comparison with 258 for 
the year before. These news-stories often resulted in special articles 
and picture-layouts in leading newspapers and in magazines such as 
Holiday, Pageant, and London Illustrated News. During the summer 
the Chicago Sun-Times became interested in the Museum's South- 
west Archaeological Expedition and sent its own staff correspondent 
to New Mexico to write a series of on-the-spot feature stories. For 
coverage of Museum news and pictures throughout the year the 
Museum thanks the local press, particularly the Chicago Daily News, 
Chicago Her aid- American, Chicago Sun-Times, and Chicago Tribune, 

62 




Presentation of flags to winning troops of Girl Scouts from the Chicago area was 
climax of a nature'Study project sponsored at the Museum by Brook Hill Farms, Inc. 



and, for national and international news coverage, the Associated 
Press, International News Photos, International News Service, Sci- 
ence Service, and United Press Association. Special thanks are 
given to the City News Bureau of Chicago, which makes its pneu- 
matic tubes to all Chicago newspaper offices available for the trans- 
mission of news releases from the Museum. An additional source 
of publicity is the Museum Bulletin, which is published regularly 
each month and distributed to Members of the Museum, scientific 
and civic institutions, and the press. 

For providing time and facilities for widespread radio publicity 
the Museum thanks the following networks and stations: American 
Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual 
Broadcasting System, National Broadcasting Company, WMAQ, 
WGN, WIND, WBBM, WENR, WLS, WJJD, WAIT, WAAF, 
WBIK, WCFL, WCRW, WEAW, WEDC, WFJL, WFMF, WFMT, 
WGES, WHFC, WHIP, WLEY, WNMP, WOPA, WSBC, and 
WXRT. The Museum's lecture courses for adults and the pro- 
grams for children presented by Raymond Foundation were adver- 
tised, as in past years, by posters on station platforms andj in 
passenger coaches through the continued co-operation of the Chicago, 
Aurora and Elgin Railroad, Chicago and North Western Railway, 
Illinois Central System, and Chicago Transit Authority. 

63 



PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

During the year 16,719 publications of the Museum were distributed 
in exchange with both domestic and foreign institutions and forty- 
five new exchange agreements were established. A comprehensive 
revision of the Museum's exchange relationships was continued in 
an effort to conform closely to the needs and interests of the more 
than 1,300 institutions and scientists with whom the Museum ex- 
changes publications (see page 60). Sales totaled 50,784 copies. 

The Museum printed during the year eighteen publications in 
its scientific series, two (one reprint) in its popular series, one annual 
report, and one index to volumes. The total number of copies 
printed was 42,487 of which 41,537 copies were printed by letter- 
press, with a total of 1,968 pages of type composition, and 950 
copies were printed by the Vari-type-offset process, with a total of 
205 pages of Vari-type composition. Twelve numbers of Chicago 
Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 6,000 
copies an issue. Other work totaled 1,060,224 impressions. Two 
series of "Museum Stories" and miscellaneous work by the Vari- 
type-offset process totaled 334,464 impressions. 

The following publications were issued by the Museum: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Hambly, Wilfrid D. 

Bibliography of African Anthropology, 1937-191*9, Supplement to Source Book 
of African Anthropology, 1937, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 37, no. 2, 
140 pages 

Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, Elaine Bluhm, Hugh C. Cutler, and 
Roger Grange, Jr. 

Mogollon Cultural Continuity and Change, The Stratigraphic Analysis of 
Tularosa and Cordova Caves, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 40, 527 pages, 
179 illustrations 

Martin, Richard A. 

Mummies, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 36, 18 pages, 20 illustrations 
(reprint) 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Ames, Oakes, and Donovan Stewart Correll 

Orchids of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 26, no. 1, 407 pages, 109 
illustrations 

Standley, Paul C, and Julian A. Steyermark 

Flora of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, part 3, 436 pages, 56 illus- 
trations 

Steyermark, Julian A., and Collaborators 

Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 28, no. 2, 
205 pages, 54 illustrations 

64 




Lycaste virginalis, national flower of Guatemala, is the frontispiece of a recent 
Museum publication, No. 1 of "Orchids of Guatemala" (1— flowering plant, 2-flower 
and peduncle, 3-column front-side; all reduced). Drawing by Douglas E. Tibbitts. 

65 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Denison, Robert H. 

Early Devonian Fishes from Utah, Part I. Osteostraci, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 11, no. 6, 23 pages, 11 illustrations 

Olson, Everett Clair 

Fauna of the Upper Vale and Choza: 6, Diplocaulus, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 14, 20 pages, 7 illustrations 

Sinclair, G. Winston 

A Classification of the Conularida, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 13, 11 pages, 
1 illustration 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

BOULTON, RUDYERD, AND AUSTIN L. RAND 

A Collection of Birds from Mount Cameroon, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 
no. 5, 30 pages 

Haas, Fritz 

On the Mollusk Fauna of the Land-locked Waters of Bermuda, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 34, no. 8, 5 pages 

South American Non-Marine Shells: Further Remarks and Descriptions, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 9, 26 pages, 27 illustrations 

Kanazawa, Robert H. 

More New Species and New Records of Fishes from Bermuda, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 34, no. 7, 30 pages, 4 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

Secondary Sexual Characters and Ecological Competition, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 6, 6 pages, 2 illustrations 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

Philippine Zoological Expedition, 19b6-19b7, Mammals, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 33, no. 2, 72 pages, 14 illustrations 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

A New Leptodactylid Frog from Chile, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 2, 

5 pages, 2 illustrations 

Crocodile Hunting in Central America, Popular Series, Zoology, no. 15, 

23 pages, 10 illustrations 

References to the Tuatara in the Stephen Island Letter Book, Fieldiana: Zoology, 

vol. 34, no. 1, 10 pages, 3 illustrations 

The Surinam Coral Snake, Micrurus surinamensis, Fieldiana: Zoology, 

vol. 34, no. 4, 10 pages, 3 illustrations 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

Notes on Birds from the Marcapata Valley, Cuzco, Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 3, 7 pages 



ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATIONS 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1951, 136 pages, 
23 illustrations 

66 



CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

One of the many research undertakings in which the Museum has 
been co-operating with other scientific institutions is the Micro- 
nesian insect survey directed by the Pacific Science Board of the 
National Research Council under the sponsorship of the Office of 
Naval Research. Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects, 
spent six months in the Palau and other Micronesian islands during 
1947-48 in this connection and brought back collections totaling 
approximately forty thousand specimens. Earlier, during World 
War II, he had made valuable personal collections of insects of the 
Pacific islands, chiefly from the Marianas where he was stationed. 
Preliminary sorting of the Pacific Science Board collections as well 
as pinning and labeling of a considerable amount of the material 
was accomplished at this Museum. 

These collections and collections made by other entomologists 
during and since the war, either independently or in co-operation 
with the Pacific Science Board, are to form the basis of a projected 
work, "Insects of Micronesia," to be published by Bernice P. Bishop 
Museum, Honolulu, under the sponsorship of the Pacific Science 
Board and with aid from the National Science Foundation. In- 
dividual families of insects will be studied by specialists throughout 
the world and each will write his respective contribution to the 
work, which, it is planned, will consist of two or more volumes. In 
April Dr. J. Linsley Gressitt, of the Pacific Science Board, spent 
several weeks at the Museum conferring with our staff and assisting 
in packing and distributing to the designated specialists the collec- 
tions deposited here. Associate Curator Dybas spent the greater 
part of his time during the last half of the year in sorting the re- 
mainder of his wartime collections from the Mariana Islands so that 
this material can also be prepared and distributed to the co-operating 
contributors, a task, it is hoped, that will be completed by the end 
of 1953. Members of our staff and other specialists closely asso- 
ciated with our Division of Insects will write sections on their 
special groups of insects. Other similar co-operative projects of the 
Museum are mentioned in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. 

It is gratifying to report that the Colombia Zoological Expedition, 
which was in the field from 1948 until the fall of 1952 (see pages 31 
and 51), was able to work with the Christian Brothers of the Museo 
de Historia Natural de La Salle, Bogota, in their endeavor to restore 
the museum after its nearly complete destruction during the riots 
in Bogota of April 9, 1948. Cordial relationships and close scien- 

67 



tific ties have always existed between that institution and our De- 
partment of Zoology, and the Museum is indebted to the late 
Brother Apolinar Maria and to Brother Nic£foro Maria, actual 
director of the museum, for the loan and gifts of many specimens 
needed in our zoological research. The Instituto de La Salle assigned 
Brother Antonio Miguel to our expedition for a month's field train- 
ing in the Caqueta region. Later, Brother Roberto Mario, on a 
similar assignment, received field training in Muzo and in San Cris- 
tobal. Some time was spent in assisting the reorganization along 
modern lines of the Bogota institution in its new quarters. On 
termination of field work the bulk of our expedition's equipment 
was left with the Christian Brothers for use in increasing their 
collection of scientific specimens. 

Members of the scientific staff of the Museum continued to 
conduct classes at the Museum and to lecture at several universities. 
Advanced classes in archaeology and museology were held at the 
Museum for the University of Chicago by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief 
Curator of Anthropology, Donald Collier, Curator of South Ameri- 
can Ethnology and Archaeology, and George I. Quimby, Curator 
of Exhibits. Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, 
gave a course in Oceanic ethnology at the University of Chicago, 
during which he brought his students to the Museum to study our 
collections. The advanced course in vertebrate paleontology of the 
University of Chicago was given as usual at the Museum by Pro- 
fessor Everett C. Olson, Research Associate in Fossil Vertebrates, 
with Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, assisting. 
D. D wight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, conducted a 
seminar at the University of Illinois. Dr. Theodor Just, Chief 
Curator of Botany, lectured at Yale University. 

Among students who carried on graduate or special study at the 
Museum under supervision of members of the scientific staff were: 
Roger Grange, Jr., and Robert Skinner, with Chief Curator Martin 
and Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology; Phillip 
Lewis (Chicago Natural History Museum Fellow), with Curator 
Spoehr; Chester E. Hansen and John W. Thieret (Chicago Natural 
History Museum Fellow), with Chief Curator Just (preparation of 
theses); Glen Moore, with Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 
of Botany; Lawrence Kaplan, with Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of 
Economic Botany; Abdul Hussain Al-Mahroosey (from the National 
Museum of Iraq, Baghdad), with Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 
Mammals; Samuel B. Horowitz and Ralph Gordon Johnson, with 
Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology; and William J. 
Beecher, with Curator Davis. 

68 




Art schools of Chicago hold regular sketching classes in the halls of the Museum. 



Undergraduate students from nearby colleges and universities — 
mainly the University of Chicago, Chicago Teachers College, Na- 
tional College of Education, North Central College, Northwestern 
University, Roosevelt College, Valparaiso University, and Wheaton 
College — are coming in increasing numbers to the Museum for 
information. Some of the students are teachers-in-training who 
wish to know of the educational services offered by the Museum to 
teachers, and others are students working on special problems. 
Classes in botany from the University of Chicago, De Paul Uni- 
versity, Northwestern University, Valparaiso University, and Wayne 
University visited the Museum's herbaria. Supervised classes from 
the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Academy of 
Fine Arts, Academy of Applied Arts, and Institute of Design use 
the Museum exhibits as source-materials for sketches, models, and 
designs that often are outstanding in individuality. A special show- 
ing of work by students from the School of the Art Institute is 

69 



placed in Stanley Field Hall of the Museum for one month in the 
summer. Under the co-operative educational plan adopted in 1946 
by the Museum and Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, fifteen 
young men and women were employed in 1952 by the Museum in 
its scientific departments and Library. 

Scientists from other museums and from universities and colleges 
continued to use the research collections and laboratories of the 
Museum and to consult with members of its scientific staff. S. A. 
Cohagan, secretary of Grout Historical Museum, Waterloo, Iowa, 
consulted at length with members of the Department of Anthro- 
pology concerning plans for a museum program and a new museum 
building. Dr. David Baerreis, of the University of Wisconsin, 
spent several weeks at the Museum making color slides of Mexican 
antiquities for the series of slides on anthropological subjects that 
are distributed for teaching purposes to colleges and universities by 
the University of Wisconsin. E. D. Hester, research associate in 
the department of anthropology of the University of Chicago, con- 
tinued his studies of Philippine ethnology at the Museum and gave 
great assistance to the Museum in matters pertaining to the Philip- 
pine Islands. Among others who examined the anthropological 
collections were Carl Schuster, New York; Dr. Kenneth Chapman, 
Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe, New Mexico; Keith Dixon, 
University of California at Los Angeles; Miss Dorothy Menzel and 
Carlton Calkin, University of California; Dr. Jacques J. Clere, 
Paris (exchange professor at Brown University) ; and Miss Dorothy 
Leadbeater, New York. 

Visiting botanists who consulted with the staff of the Department 
of Botany or used the Museum's botanical collections and labora- 
tories include Dr. Louis 0. Williams, Escuela Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras; Dr. Glen S. Winteringer, Illinois State Mu- 
seum; Dr. Bernice Templeton, Los Angeles County Museum; Dr. 
Duane Isely, Iowa State College; Dr. and Mrs. Leon Croizat, 
Merida, Venezuela; Paul Allen, United Fruit Company, Turrialba, 
Costa Rica; Dr. Fred Barkley, Yonkers, New York; Dr. Norman 
C. Fassett and Mason E. Hale, University of Wisconsin; Dr. and 
Mrs. Bryan S. Womersley, University of Adelaide, Australia; 
Dr. Chester S. Nielsen, Florida State University; Dr. Henry A. 
Imshaug, John L. Blum, K. H. McKnight, and Grady L. Webster, 
University of Michigan; John L. Wallace, Academy of Natural 
Sciences; Dr. A. B. Joly, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. 
Dorothy E. Fensholt, Illinois State Normal University; Mr. and 
Mrs. William A. Daily, Butler University; and Dr. Edgar Anderson 
and E. D. Rudolph, Missouri Botanical Garden. 

70 



Scientists who studied the collections in the Department of 
Geology or used the paleontological laboratories include Professor 

D. M. S. Watson, University College, London (currently Agassiz 
Professor at Harvard University); Dr. Erik A. Stensio, Stockholm 
Natural History Museum; Dr. Edward P. Henderson, United States 
National Museum; Dr. Llewellyn I. Price, Division of Geology and 
Mineralogy, Rio de Janeiro; Dr. M. R. Sahni, Geological Survey 
of India, Calcutta; Dr. Claude W. Hibbard, University of Michigan; 
Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, University of Wyoming; and Dr. Charles A. 
Reed, University of Illinois. 

Among the more extended studies carried on in the laboratories 
of the Department of Zoology, with the use of research collections 
and in association with the staff, are those of Dr. Walter C. Brown, 
Northwestern University, on lizards of the Pacific Islands; R. 
Gerard Albright, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, on 
the mechanism of swallowing in snakes; Dr. Edward M. Nelson, 
Stritch School of Medicine, on the swim bladder of fishes; and Dr. 

E. L. Du Brul, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois, on con- 
sequences of erect posture in man and other animals. 

Visiting zoologists who consulted with the staff or spent some 
time in examination of our collections include Robert Nero, Museum 
of the Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin; William H. 
Phelps, Caracas, Venezuela; Bushir Alouse, National Museum of 
Iraq, Baghdad; Dr. Dillon S. Ripley, Jr., Peabody Museum of 
Natural History, Yale Univeristy; Dr. Robert W. Storer and Dr. 
Josselyn Van Tyne, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan; 
Dwain W. Warner, Museum of Natural History, University of 
Minnesota; Dr. John T. Zimmer (formerly of the Museum staff) 
and Dr. W. S. Gertsch, American Museum of Natural History; 
Juan A. Rivero, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez; Richard 
Edgren, of G. D. Searle and Company; Norman Wilimovsky, Stan- 
ford University; Dr. P. N. Ehlers, Heidelberg, Germany; Dr. 
Orlando Park, Northwestern University; Dr. F. W. Newell, School 
of Medicine, Northwestern University; Dr. R. L. Roonwal, Depart- 
ment of Forest Research, India; A. A. Wood and R. E. Graves, 
Dominion Entomological Laboratory, Chatham, Ontario; Dr. M. 
W. Sanderson, Dr. Herbert H. Ross, and Harold Hanson, Illinois 
State Natural History Survey; Professor Melville Hatch, University 
of Washington; Cincinnato Goncalves and R. L. Araujo, Institute 
Biologico, Sao Paulo; Dr. J. L. Camin, Chicago Academy of Sciences; 
Dr. M. Muhsam, Hebrew University, Jerusalem; Dr. Sidney Camras, 
Chicago; Dr. Cornelius B. Philip, Rocky Mountain Laboratory; 
and Dr. E. W. Jameson, University of California. 

71 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
SOCIETIES 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, attended the 
international symposium on anthropology held in New York by the 
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, conferences 
in Washington, D.C., and Honolulu in connection with the National 
Research Council's program of anthropological research in the Pa- 
cific, and the meetings of the American Anthropological Association 
in Philadelphia. He continued as chairman of the National Re- 
search Council's subcommittee on Pacific archaeology and was 
appointed a consultant to the Pacific Science Board. Donald Collier, 
Curator of South American Ethnology and Archaeology, and Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, attended the 
concurrent meetings in Columbus, Ohio, of the Central States Branch 
of the American Anthropological Association, of which Curator 
Collier was second vice-president, and the Society for American 
Archeology. Dr. Rinaldo and Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in 
Archaeology, attended the Pecos Conference on Southwestern ar- 
chaeology at the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe, New 
Mexico. George L. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, was elected to 
membership in the Norwegian honorary anthropological (totemic) 
society at the University of Oslo. He attended a conference on 
North American archaeology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, was one of two 
Americans who participated as guests of the French National Re- 
search Council in the symposium on evolution in plants held in 
Paris at Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. He attended sev- 
eral meetings in Washington, D.C., of the divisional committee of 
the Division of Biological Sciences of the National Science Founda- 
tion and, with Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic 
Herbarium, Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic 
Botany, and Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanero- 
gamic Herbarium, attended the annual meetings of the American 
Institute of Biological Sciences at Cornell University, Ithaca, New 
York. Chief Curator Just was appointed chairman of the committee 
on synopsis of plant genera by the American Society of Plant 
Taxonomists and continued as chairman of the committee on paleo- 
botany of the Division of Geology and Geography of the National 
Research Council and as secretary of the Society for the Study of 
Evolution. Curator Steyermark, who was invited to attend the 
Third General Assembly of the International Congress for the Pro- 
tection of Nature held in Caracas, Venezuela, sent a paper, "The 

72 



Destructive Effect of Dams to Plant Life," to be read at the meeting. 
Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Curator of Economic Botany, attended a 
meeting in Washington, D. C, of the National Research Council's 
committee on the preservation of indigenous strains of maize. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, attended the 
meetings in Boston of the Geological Society of America, and Dr. 
Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, attended the con- 
current meetings of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Chief 
Curator Roy and Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, 
attended a conference at Yerkes Observatory, Williams Bay, Wis- 
consin, on the composition of meteorites. 

In recognition of his years of research in fields of zoology, most 
notably in herpetology, the honorary degree of Doctor of Science 
was conferred on Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, by 
Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana, on the occasion of the dedi- 
cation on October 25 of the David Worth Dennis Hall of Science 
and the Stout Memorial Meeting House. Chief Curator Schmidt 
gave the annual John Wesley Powell Lecture before a meeting of 
the Western Division of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science at University of Colorado, Boulder. Dr. Austin L. 
Rand, Curator of Birds, attended the meetings of the American 
Ornithologists' Union at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. D. Dwight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator 
of Fishes, Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
and Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, attended the meetings of 
the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists at the 
University of Texas, Austin, where Curator Pope was chairman of 
the nominating committee, Curator Woods was elected a member 
of the board of governors, and Curator Davis was appointed chair- 
man of the publication committee for Checklist of North American 
Amphibians and Reptiles. Chief Curator Schmidt was elected a 
fellow of California Academy of Sciences, Emmet R. Blake, Asso- 
ciate Curator of Birds, a fellow of the American Ornithologists' 
Union, and Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, a fellow of the 
Entomological Society of America. Colin Campbell Sanborn, Cura- 
tor of Mammals, was reappointed chairman of the committee on 
nomenclature of the American Society of Mammalogists. 

Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation, was one of seven participants from the 
United States in an international seminar held at the Brooklyn 
Museum of Arts and Sciences. The seminar, on the role of museums 
in education, was sponsored by UNESCO and attended by a total 
of forty representatives from twenty-five countries. Miss Wood 

73 



was chairman of the delegation representing the United States. 
Her contribution to the sessions, an outline of the educational work 
of Chicago Natural History Museum for both children and adults, 
will form part of a report to be made available to museums in 
member countries of the United Nations. Miss Nancy Worsham, 
of the staff of Raymond Foundation, attended the Fourteenth 
Midwest Wildlife Conference in Des Moines, Iowa. Mrs. Meta P. 
Howell, Librarian, attended the midwinter conference in Chicago of 
the American Library Association and, during the year, sessions of 
various professional library organizations. 

Several members of the Museum staff serve on editorial boards 
of scientific journals. Curator Spoehr continued as review editor of 
the American Anthropologist (official journal of the American An- 
thropological Association) and was appointed editor, a position from 
which he later resigned. Chief Curator Just continued as editor of 
Lloydia (quarterly journal of biological science published by Lloyd 
Library and Museum, Cincinnati), as editor of Paleobotanical Report 
(published by the Division of Geology and Geography of the Na- 
tional Research Council), and as member of the editorial board of 
American Journal of Botany (official publication of the Botanical 




A fossil trunk of an American 
cycadeoid on exhibition at the 
Paleobotaniska avdelningen, 
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum, 
in Stockholm, is examined by 
our Chief Curator of Botany, 
Dr. Theodor Just, while on 
his recent visit to Europe to 
study the type collections in 
museums there. Photograph 
courtesy Svenska Dagbladet. 



74 



Society of America). Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Rep- 
tiles, continued as foreign-news editor and Mrs. Priscilla F. Turnbull, 
Assistant, as a regional editor of the Society oj Vertebrate Paleon- 
tology News Bulletin. Chief Curator Schmidt continued as section 
editor (amphibians and reptiles) of Biological Abstracts (published 
under the auspices of the Union of American Biological Societies), 
consulting editor (cold-blooded vertebrates) of American Midland 
Naturalist (published by the University of Notre Dame), and mem- 
ber of the editorial board of Ecology (official publication of the 
Ecological Society of America). 

Publications of members of the scientific staff during 1952 besides 
those issued by Chicago Natural History Museum include the fol- 
lowing articles and reviews in various journals on subjects within 
the Museum's four fields of interest and research, anthropology, 
botany, geology, and zoology: 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Allen, T. George 

"Additions to the Egyptian Book of the Dead, " Journal of Near Eastern 
Studies, vol. 11, pp. 177-186 

"Critical Note on a King's Name," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 
vol. 11, p. 112 

Collier, Donald 

Review of Handbook of Latin American Studies (edited by Francisco Aguilera), 
in American Anthropologist, vol. 52, p. 270 

Review of Hoof Rattles and Girls' Puberty Rites in North and South America 
(by H. E. Driver and S. H. Riesenberg), in American Anthropologist, 
vol. 52, pp. 102-103 

Review of Radiocarbon Dating (by W. F. Libby), in American Anthropologist, 
vol. 52, pp. 558-559 

Review of Swedish Archaeological Bibliography (edited by Sverker Janson and 
Olof Vessberg), in American Anthropologist, vol. 52, p. 423 

Review of The Archaeology of the Santa Elena Peninsula in Southwest Ecuador 
(by G. H. S. Bushnell), in American Anthropologist, vol. 54, pp. 252-254 

Martin, Paul S. 

"With Pick and Shovel in Pine Lawn Valley," Archaeology, vol. 5, pp. 14-21 

Quimby, George I. 

"The Archeology of the Upper Great Lakes Area," in Archeology of Eastern 
United States, edited by James B. Griffin (University of Chicago Press), 
pp. 99-107 

Rinaldo, John B. 

"On Daifuku's New Conceptual Scheme for the Prehistoric Southwest," 
American Anthropologist, vol. 54, pp. 580-586 

75 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

CUATRECASAS, JOSE 

"Notas a la Flora de Colombia XII," Revista de la Academia Colombiana de 
Ciencias, vol. 8, pp. 464-488, 5 illustrations 

Drouet, Francis, and William A. Daily 

"A Synopsis of the Coccoid Myxophyceae," Botanical Studies (Butler Uni- 
versity), vol. 10, pp. 220-223 

Just, Theodor 

"Fossil Floras of the Southern Hemisphere and Their Phytogeographical 
Significance," Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 99, 
art. 3, pp. 189-203 

"Origine et Evolution de la Fleur," Annates Biologiques, tome 28, fasc. 5-6, 
pp. 135-143; also in Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Re- 
cherche Scientifique, vol. 41, Evolution et Phylogenie chez les Vegetaux (Paris) 
"The Paleobotanical Record of Zamia," American Anthropologist, vol. 54, 
no. 1, pp. 125-126 

Review of Entwicklungsgeschichte des Pflanzenreiches (by Hans Heil), in 
Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 79 

Review of Flora of the Cape Peninsula (edited by R. S. Adamson and T. M. 
Salter), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 212-213 
Review of Fossil Taxodiaceae in Western North America (by Ralph W. 
Chaney), in Ecology, vol. 33, no. 2, p. 313 

Review of Glossary of the British Flora (by H. Gilbert-Carter), in Quarterly 
Review of Biology, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 87 

Review of Studies in Late Tertiary Paleobotany (by Daniel I. Axelrod), in 
Ecology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 312-313 

Review of Taxonomy of Vascular Plants (by George H. M. Lawrence), in 
Science, vol 115, no. 2997, pp. 633-634 

Review of Weizen, Roggen, Gerste — Systematik, Geschichte und Verwendung 
(by Elizabeth Schiemann), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 27, no. 1, 
pp. 88-89 

Sherff, Earl E. 

"Additions to Our Knowledge of the Genus Tetraplasandra A. Gray (fam. 
Araliaceae), in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 6, pp. 19-41 

"A Pink-flowered Form of Vicia villosa Roth.," in Botanical Leaflets (pub- 
lished by the author), no. 7, p. 24 

"Contributions to Our Knowledge of the Genera Tetraplasandra A. Gray 
and Reynoldsia A. Gray (fam. Araliaceae) in the Hawaiian Islands," in 
Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 7, pp. 7-17 

"Further Notes on the Genus Bidens L. (fam. Compositae) in Tropical East 
Africa," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 7, pp. 18-21 
"Further Studies of Hawaiian Araliaceae: Additions to Cheirodendron 
Helleri Sherff and a Preliminary Treatment of the Endemic Species of Rey- 
noldsia A. Gray," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 6, 
pp. 6-19 

"Munroidendron, a New Genus of Araliaceous Trees from the Island of 
Kauai," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 7, pp. 21-24 

"Notes on Bidens L. and Coreopsis L. (fam. Compositae) in the United 
States," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 6, pp. 2-6 
"Notes on Schiedea Cham, and Schlecht. (fam. Caryophyllaceae) and Phyl- 
lostegia Benth. (fam. Labiatae) in the Hawaiian Islands," in Botanical 
Leaflets (published by the author), no. 7, pp. 6-7 

"Some New or Otherwise Noteworthy Compositae from the Hawaiian 
Islands," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 7, pp. 2-6 

76 



Steyermark, Julian A. 

"A New Carex from Guatemala and Honduras," Ceiba, vol. 3, no. 1, 
pp. 23-24 

"An Example of How Dams Destroy Valuable Scientific Records," Scien- 
tific Monthly, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 231-233 

"Color Forms of the Mayapple," Rhodora, vol. 54, no. 641, pp. 131-135 

"New Brazilian Species of Utricularia," Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical 

Club, vol 79, no. 4, pp. 310-311 

"New Missouri Plant Records (1949-1951)," Rhodora, vol. 54, no. 646, 

pp. 250-260 

"New Pteridophyte Records from Missouri," American Fern Journal, 

vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 61-66 [with Ernest J. Palmer] 

"New Rubiaceae from Panama," Ceiba, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 18-22 

"Plants New to Illinois and Chicago," Rhodora, vol. 54, no. 644, pp. 208-213 
[with Floyd A. Swink] 

"Rare Missouri Plants — I. Yellow Fringed Orchis," Missouri Botanical Gar- 
den Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 33-48 

"Rare Missouri Plants — II. The Ozark Chestnut," Missouri Botanical Gar- 
den Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 77-80 

"Rare Missouri Plants — III. The Ozark Trillium," Missouri Botanical Gar- 
den Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 80-82 

"Rousselia erratica" in "Plantae Centrali-Americanae, III," Ceiba, vol. 3, 
no. 1, pp. 43-44 

"The Genus Platycarpum (Rubiaceae)," American Journal of Botany, 
vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 418-423 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Denison, Robert H. 

"Types and Figured Specimens of Fossil Fishes in the Patten Collection, 
Dartmouth College Museum, Hanover, New Hampshire," American Midland 
Naturalist, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 161-164 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Grey, Marion 

"First Record of the Deepsea Fish Dolichopteryx longipes from the Pacific, 
with Notes on Ophthalmopelton macropus," Copeia, 1952, pp. 87-90, 
1 illustration 

Haas, Fritz 

"Shells Collected by the Peabody Museum Expedition to the Near East, 
1950, I. Mollusks from the Persian Gulf," Nautilus, vol. 65, pp. 114-116 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Closely Associated Nests of Bronze Grackle and English Sparrow," Wilson 

Bulletin, vol. 64, pp. 105-106 [with R. M. Rand] 

"Mammal Bones from Dunes South of Lake Michigan," American Midland 

Naturalist, vol. 46, pp. 649-659 [with Stanley Rand] 

"Notes on Philippine Birds," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 107, pp. 1-5 

[with D. S. Rabor] 

"Two New Birds from Philippine Islands," Natural History Miscellanea, 

no. 100, pp. 1-3 [with D. S. Rabor] 

77 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

"Mammals of the Rush Watkins Zoological Expedition to Siam," Natural 

History Bulletin of the Siam Society, vol. 15, pt. 1, pp. 1-20 

"Rodents (Muridae) from Lunda District, Northeastern Angola," Publi- 

cacoes Culturais da Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, Separata no. 14, 

pp. 107-120, 1 map 

"The Status of Triaenops wheeleri Osgood," Natural History Miscellanea, 

no. 97, pp. 1-3 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Diagnoses of New Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran," Natural History 
Miscellanea, no. 93, pp. 1-2 

"The Function of a University Museum," Museum News, May 15, 1952, 
pp. 5-8 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Fishes Attracted to Surface Light at Night in the Gulf of Mexico," Copeia, 
1952, pp. 40-41 



CAFETERIA 

The cafeteria and lunchroom served 321,248 persons during the 
year, an increase of about 12,000 over last year. Dining facilities 
are maintained in the Museum not as a money-making enterprise 
but as a service to its staff and visitors because the Museum is at a 
considerable distance from commercial restaurants. Nevertheless 
the gross income of $131,654.92 included a small margin of profit, 
which was less than one per cent of the Museum budget. 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Again the Book Shop established new records of efficiency and 
service with gross sales of $68,998.85, an increase of almost $13,000 
over 1951 sales. The volume of sales by mail was given considerable 
impetus as the result of a brief article in Good Housekeeping magazine 
drawing the attention of readers and parents throughout the United 
States and Canada to our "Museum Stories" for children that sell 
for one cent each. Since last August, when the article was printed, 
more than 225,000 of the stories have been sold, almost entirely by 
mail. These stories are sold at cost, and it is a matter of concern 
that the rising prices of paper, ink, and skilled labor may push 
publication costs beyond the sale price. Souvenirs and novelties 
are still the principal item accounting for volume of sales and profit, 
but the Book Shop continues to sell a substantial number of au- 
thoritative books on natural history and anthropology. 

78 



MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENGINEERING 

Perhaps no one at the Museum has a better general idea of its many 
types of activity than the Superintendent of Maintenance and the 
Chief Engineer. The work of their Divisions puts them in contact 
with everything that happens and, in most cases, brings them into 
the planning activities and events of the future. No exhibit can be 
installed without adequate cases being provided or without adequate 
provision for proper lighting. Museum operation requires team- 
work, and perhaps it is nowhere better exemplified than in the fine 
co-operation of the Divisions of Maintenance and Engineering with 
the scientific and preparation staffs. 

During the year, exhibition cases including new tops to provide 
for case-lighting were completely rebuilt for Hall 6 (Plains Indians) 
in the Department of Anthropology. Twelve cases were reinstalled 
and two new cases prepared for the Department of Geology, and 
cases were provided for the new exhibit of perching songbirds in 
Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21) and a new exhibit on muscles in 
the Hall of Vertebrate Anatomy (Hall 19). In addition, improve- 
ments were made in the cases containing Bushman the gorilla, the 
sable antelope, the bongo group, and the water-buffalo group. The 
periodic filling of poison containers in all cases that contain materials 
subject to insect damage was carried out as usual. Three additional 
cases in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38, Fossil Vertebrates) were 
wired for case lighting as well as one case each in Hall 21 and Carl 
E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22, African Mammals). Necessary 
lighting and other preparational work were completed in the cases 
for the new habitat groups of northern sea otter and Malay tapir. 

In order to facilitate the housing and study of our great research 
collections many changes and improvements were necessary. Sixty 
additional trays were provided for the textile collection, sixty trays 
also were provided for fossil plants, and provision was made for 
the care of the rapidly expanding libraries in the Departments of 
Botany and Geology. Additional storage facilities were provided 
for the Book Shop in order that it might keep pace efficiently with 
its ever-expanding activities. The rearrangement of the Division 
of Insects, which was largely accomplished during the preceding 
year, was completed, and work continued on the new area allotted 
to the Division of Anatomy. A major move requiring complete 
construction, including walls, steel shelving, water and drain connec- 
tions, sinks and lighting, brought the Division of Reptiles from the 
third and fourth floors to the ground floor in an area adjacent to 
the Division of Fishes. This move was necessary because of the 

79 



increasing load of specimens in preservative solution stored in glass 
jars. Concrete tanks were also constructed on the ground floor for 
storage of large specimens required by the Division of Anatomy, 
and a room for the cleaning of skeletal material by dermestids was 
also constructed. Steel shelving was erected in the storeroom of 
the Purchasing Agent, and not to be overlooked in the care of ma- 
terial in storage was the erection of a new bank of steel shelves in 
the Maintenance storeroom. 

Miscellaneous items accomplished by the Divisions of Engineering 
and Maintenance for the operation of the Museum included the 
necessary moving of exhibition cases to and from Stanley Field Hall 
in connection with the many temporary exhibits annually displayed; 
the preparation of shipping boxes required by the scientific depart- 
ments in connection with expeditionary work and also required by 
the Division of Publications to send our published scientific treatises 
to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., for world-wide 
distribution through its international exchange service; and the 
periodic moving of certain exhibition cases to provide space for the 
large crowds that attend the Sunday lectures given by Paul G. 
Dallwig, Layman Lecturer. New book-carriers were made to order 
for the Library, and a rolling screen was constructed to close the 
adjacent corridor when the Museum cafeteria is not in operation. 

The problem of replacing deteriorating window sash was con- 
tinued during the summer months when outdoor work was feasible. 
Safety bolts were installed in the walls of the building at the third- 
floor level to provide safe operating conditions for the window 
washers. The outdoor signs giving information about the Museum 
were relettered and repainted. Tuckpointing continued through the 
summer months on the west terrace wall, smoke stack, east areaway, 
and the terrace wall adjacent to the south steps. Protective meas- 
ures against termites were taken in additional areas that appeared 
to be endangered. New upholstery was provided for 125 theatre 
seats and one hundred theatre chairs after more than thirty years 
of use. The usual cleaning operations, accompanied by painting 
where necessary, were carried out. An assignment requiring great 
skill and care was the cleaning in Hall 25 (Food Plants) of the murals 
painted by Julius Moessel. 

In the boiler room, the boiler breeching, dust collectors, and ash 
vent-pipe were cleaned during the summer and prepared for the 
winter heating-season. The old coal conveyor, which was installed 
when the Museum was built, had finally deteriorated, in spite of 
proper maintenance, to the point where it had to be discarded, and 
a new Link Belt bulk flow conveyor was installed in its place. All 

80 




A lively summer play-group pays a visit to the Brazilian water-birds in Hall 20. 



pumps were overhauled and painted, and the exposed steel-work 
under the coal hoppers was also given a protective coating. The 
smoke stack required extensive repairs. The lining was torn out 
and the stack was cleaned, repaired, and coated with rust-resisting 
paint. Two and one-half inches of insulation material and a half- 
inch coating of waterproof mastic cement were then installed. Since 
our boilers are used for heating only, the stack is at the mercy of 
the weather during the summer nonheating season. Steam traps 
were removed, repaired, and replaced where necessary, and forty- 
eight new traps were installed. Routine repairs and replacements 
were made as required throughout the plumbing system. 

81 



Repairs, replacements, and rejuvenation of the electrical system 
were continued through the year. Old lighting panels that have 
open switches are being discarded in favor of dead-front panels, and 
circuit breakers are being installed to eliminate the use of fuses. 
Circuits are being rearranged in order better to distribute the load 
balance of the various electrical circuits throughout the Museum. 
This has become necessary because halls and areas are now being 
used in a manner not contemplated when the original circuits were 
installed. Stack lights in the Library cataloguing room were replaced 
with larger units, and twenty-four Dazor work-lights were installed 
in offices and workrooms. The James Simpson Theatre was en- 
tirely relamped, and the public-address system was repaired and 
improved through relocation of the speaker units. Maintenance of 
electrical motors in workrooms and shops continued throughout the 
year. Under existing contracts with Shedd Aquarium and the 
Chicago Park District, the Museum furnished and sold 32,303,761 
pounds of steam. It may be recalled that the Museum undertook 
the task of furnishing heat to these neighboring establishments to 
reduce the number of smoke stacks on the lakefront in order to help 
keep our city clean. 

Throughout the years the Divisions of Maintenance and Engi- 
neering have been continually studying new methods *and new 
materials that may be used advantageously by the Museum. Cur- 
rently, tests are in progress on enameled panels for use in closing 
spaces where windows were installed years ago but are not required 
under present conditions. Such experimentation has resulted in 
many instances in providing better maintenance, better working 
conditions, and lower costs. Under present conditions, such a policy 
is more than ever necessary. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 



Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



82 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1952 AND 1951 
Operating Fund 

INCOME 1952 1951 

From investments of 

General endowment funds $ 727,084.69 $ 689,554.11 

Life and associate membership funds 26,751.69 27,335.22 

$ 753,836.38 $ 716,889.33 

Chicago Park District 128,478.39 128,620.29 

Annual and sustaining memberships 20,885.00 20,305.00 

Admissions 33,692.50 33,335.00 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 38,304.61 34,736.16 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 83,136.20 106,812.52 

$1,058,333.08 $1,040,698.30 



EXPENDITURES 

Collections 

Purchases and expedition costs $ 68,708.09 

Museum operating expenses capitalized . . . 63,462.14 

$ 132,170.23 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 14,399.77 

Pensions and employee benefits 52,871.33 

Departmental operating expenses 114,859.36 

General operating expenses 598,110.00 

Building repairs and alterations 118,674.02 

Premiums on assigned life insurance and 

appropriations in lieu thereof 14,500.00 

Provision for contingencies (contra) 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000.00 
Appropriated to cover operating deficit of The 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

(contra) 2,206.37 

$1,057,791.08 

EXCESS OF INCOME OVER EXPENDITURES $ 542.00 



77,777.27 
61,916.51 

139,693.78 
57,083.42 
59,515.06 
101,587.66 
537,143.12 
108,066.22 

14,557.40 
10,000.00 

10,000.00 



421.27 
$1,038,067.93 
$ 2,630.37 



CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 



83 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF INCOME 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1952 AND 1951 (CONTINUED) 



The N. W. Harris Public School 

Extension 1952 



1951 



Income from endowments $ 20,638.30 $ 20,208.02 

Expenditures 22,844.67 20,629.29 

DEFICIT TRANSFERRED TO OPERATING FUND 

(CONTRA) $ 2,206.37 $ 421.27 



Other Restricted Funds 

INCOME 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments $ 50,959.15 $ 49,005.36 

Contributions for specified purposes 42,428.01 36,850.65 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation and contingencies 

(contra) 10,000.00 20,000.00 

Sundry receipts— net 30,305.80 25,803.33 

$ 133,692.96 $ 131,659.34 



EXPENDITURES 

Transferred to Operating Fund to apply 

against expenditures (contra) $ 83,136.20 $ 106,812.52 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 24,000.00 25,000.00 

$ 107,136.20 $ 131,812.52 



EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF INCOME OVER EX- 
PENDITURES $ 26,556.76 $ (153.18) 



To the Trustees 

Chicago Natural History Museum 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion the accompanying statement presents fairly the income and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1951 and 1952, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the periods. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young and Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 29, 1953 

84 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1952 AND 1951 



1952 

Total attendance 1,305,556 

Paid attendance 134,770 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 32,226 

School children 93,861 

Teachers 4,988 

Members 640 

Service men and women 2,532 

Special meetings and occasions 2,953 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (51) 137,444 (52) 

Saturdays (52) 315,129 (52) 

Sundays (52) 581,012 (52) 

Highest attendance on any day 

(November 9) 16,488 (September 2) 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(March 4) 159 (December 21) 

Highest paid attendance (September 1) . . 3,600 (September 3) 

Average daily admissions (364 days) 3,586 (363 days) 

Average paid admissions (209 days) 645 (207 days) 

Copies of General Guide sold 27,026 

Number of articles checked 45,805 

Number of picture post-cards sold 283,394 

Sales of Museum publications (both scien- 
tific and popular) and photographs; 
rental of wheel chairs $13,034.69 



1951 

1,251,752 
133,340 



32,771 

87,590 

4,387 

492 

3,128 

3,377 



172,376 
316,178 
498,210 



16,266 

61 
4,244 

3,448 
644 



25,410 

43,321 

228,192 



$10,865.19 
85 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 



86 



ACCESSIONS, 1952 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Barnhart, Gracia M. F., Hinsdale, 
Illinois: model of Haida totem pole — 
probably Queen Charlotte Islands, 
British Columbia (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1952): about 1,000 specimens, including 
stone, bone, clay, pottery, leather, 
wood, cordage, woven, and miscel- 
laneous perishable artifacts — Y Canyon 
Cave, Cosper Cliff Dwelling, Hinkle 
Park Cliff Dwelling, Block Cave, 
and Sawmill Site, near Reserve, New 
Mexico 

Collected by Dr. Alexander Spoehr 
(Micronesia Anthropological Expedi- 
tion, 1949-50): skeletal material — Sai- 
pan and Tinian, Micronesia 

Purchases: 2 pottery archaeological 
vessels in Decadent Tiahuanaco style — 
Cochabamba, Bolivia; 8 ethnological 
specimens — Easter Islands; 1 feather 
mantle, Inca period — Peru 

Childs, C. F., Lake Forest, Illinois: 
2 Tibetan temple lamps — Darjiling, 
India (gift) 

Geisler, Mrs. F. W., Chicago: eth- 
nological material — Sumatra (gift) 



Harvey, Byron, III, Chicago: 180 
Hopi kachina dolls, 23 baskets, 15 mis- 
cellaneous ceremonial objects — Hopi 
villages, Arizona (gift) 

Knapp, W. T., Chicago: 9 pieces of 
modern Pueblo pottery, 1 string bell- 
jingles — Rio Grande Pueblos, New 
Mexico (gift) 

Langsner, Albert C, Chicago: 6 
pairs of beaded moccasins, 2 girl's dres- 
ses, 1 beaded saddle-blanket, 4 beaded 
bags, 1 pair of beaded cuffs, 1 beaded 
tie, 1 string of beads, 1 doll, 1 knife 
case, 1 pair of beaded suspenders — 
Northern Plains (gift) 

Reed, Dr. Erik K., Santa Fe, New 
Mexico : 3 prehistoric adzes and pottery 
— Rota, Mariana Islands (gift) 

Trier, Robert, Chicago: 3 archae- 
ological and 5 ethnological specimens 
— Marquesas, Samoa, and Tonga (gift) 

Wenner-Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research, New 
York: mandible fragment (cast) and 
pelvic fragment (cast) of Australopithe- 
cus prometheus — Makapansgat, Central 
Transvaal, Africa (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY-ACCESSIONS 



Allen, Dr. Mary Belle, Pacific 
Grove, California: 25 algae (gift) 

Angulo, Nicolas, Trujillo, Peru: 18 
algae (gift) 

Auckland University College, 
Auckland, New Zealand: 140 crypto- 
gamic specimens (exchange) 

Bailey Hortorium, Ithaca, New 
York: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Yonkers, 
New York: 211 algae, 145 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

B artel, Karl E., Blue Island, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Bauer, Bill, Imperial, Missouri: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 



Bishop Museum, Bernice P., Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii: 32 plant specimens (gift) 

Boelcke, Osvaldo, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 153 plant specimens (ex- 
change) 

Bold, Dr. Harold C, Nashville: 
4 algae (gift) 

BOTANISCHE STAATSSAMMLUNG, 

Munich, Germany: 151 cryptogams 
(exchange) 

Botaniska Museet, Uppsala, Swe- 
den: 417 plant specimens (exchange) 

Botanisk Museum, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 186 cryptogams (exchange) 

Braun, Dr. E. Lucy, Cincinnati: 
315 plant specimens (gift) 



87 



British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 86 plant specimens (ex- 
change) 

California, University of, Ber- 
keley: 373 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 
change) 

Cardenas, Dr. Martin, Cocha- 
bamba, Bolivia: 61 plant specimens 
(gift) 

Chase, Dr. Virginius H., Peoria 
Heights, Illinois: 32 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
122 plant specimens (Herbarium of 
Professor Adolph C. Noe) (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Norman C. Fassett 
(Salvadorian Project, 1950-51): 218 
plant specimens 

Purchases: 1,339 plant specimens — 
Bolivia; 75 cryptogamic specimens — 
Chile; 147 plant specimens — Colombia; 
395 plant specimens — Mexico; 80 plant 
specimens — South Africa 

Cleveland, Margaret, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 

Coe, Dr. D. M., Palmer, Alaska: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Conners, Dr. J. J., Oakland, Cali- 
fornia: 2 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Conservator of Forests, Belize, 
British Honduras: 2 plant specimens 
(gift) 

Correll, Dr. Donovan Stewart, 
Beltsville, Maryland: 391 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift) 

Cribb, Dr. A. B., Cronulla, New 
South Wales, Australia: 2 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Chicago: 4 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Cutler, Dr. Hugh C, Lombard, 
Illinois: 171 plant specimens (gift) 

Dahl, Mrs. Emil, Hartford, Michi- 
gan: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 7 
plant specimens (gift) 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis: 
157 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Dawson, Dr. E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
67 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

De Toni, Dr. Anna, Brescia, Italy: 
111 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Diller, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 
24 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Honolulu, 
Hawaii: 429 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift) 



Duke University, Durham, North 
Carolina: 300 plant specimens (ex- 
change); 25 plant specimens (gift) 

Escuela Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 1,668 plant 
specimens (exchange); 2 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Evans, Dr. Richard I., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 5 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 62 cryptogamic specimens, 52 
plant specimens (gift) 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
4 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Flint, Dr. L. H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 7 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange) 

Fundacion Miguel Lillo, Tucu- 
man, Argentina: 20 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Gardner, Sheldon T., Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 

Gier, Dr. L. J., Liberty, Missouri: 
41 plant specimens (gift) 

Ginsburg, Dr. R. N., Coral Gables, 
Florida: 11 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift) 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 100 cryptogamic specimens, 
192 plant specimens (exchange) 

Grow, Raymond, Gary, Indiana: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 

Gymnasium Seating Council, 
Chicago: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick, Canada: 190 crypto- 
gamic specimens (exchange) 

Hale, Mason E., Jr., Madison, Wis- 
consin: 60 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Harrison, B. F., Provo, Utah: 11 
plant specimens (gift) 

Haxo, Dr. Francis T., Baltimore: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Hermann, Dr. F. J., Beltsville, 
Maryland: 1 cryptogamic specimen 
(gift) 

Hollenberg, Dr. George J., Red- 
lands, California: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift) 

Humm, Dr. Harold J., Tallahassee, 
Florida: 6 algae (gift) 

Illinois, University of, Urbana: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: 2 plant specimens (gift) 



Institute of Jamaica, Kingston: 20 
algae (gift) 

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 
Bogota, Colombia: 82 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Iowa, State University of, Iowa 
City: 825 plant specimens (gift) 

Iowa State College, Ames: 78 
plant specimens (exchange); 261 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, 
Brussels, Belgium: 412 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Joly, Dr. A. B., Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
8 algae (gift) 

Jones, Mrs. Edith, West Palm 
Beach, Florida: 4 algae (gift) 

Kendall, Mrs. Burns, Elburn, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Killip, Dr. E. P., Big Pine Key, 
Florida: 171 algae, 173 plant specimens 
(gift) 

Koster, Dr. Josephine T., Leiden, 
Netherlands: 3 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift) 

Krapovickas, Antonio, Manfredi 
(Cordoba), Argentina: 6 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Krukoff, Dr. B. A., Chicacao, 
Guatemala: 5 plant specimens (gift) 

Lamb, George H., Mahogany Asso- 
ciation, Incorporated, Chicago: 5 wood 
specimens (gift) 

La Rivers, Dr. Ira, Reno, Nevada: 
59 algae (gift) 

Lasker, Dr. Reuben, Coral Gables, 
Florida: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago: 2 
plant specimens (gift) 

Lemon, Lola, Gary, Indiana: 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 

Lewin, Dr. R. A., Halifax, Nova 
Scotia: 9 algae (gift) 

Love, Dr. Askell, Winnipeg, Mani- 
toba, Canada: 1 cryptogamic specimen 
(gift) 

Lundberg, Godfrey, Chicago: 1 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Mabille, Jean, Berthenicourt-par- 
Moy, France: 17 algae (gift) 

Macbride, J. Francis, Stanford 
University, California: 732 algae (gift) 

Macotela, Esteban, Mexico City, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Madsen, Dr. Grace C, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 72 algae (gift) 



Maldonado, Dr. Angel, Lima, 
Peru: 6 algae (gift) 

Matuda, Eizi, Chapultepec, Mexico: 
5 plant specimens (gift) 

May, Dr. Valerie, Sydney Austra- 
lia: 29 algae (gift) 

McCaskill, Professor L. W., 
Christchurch, New Zealand: 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 

Meyer, Fred G., St. Louis: 1 eco- 
nomic specimen (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann Ar- 
bor: 631 cryptogamic specimens, 53 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Mille, Padre Luis, Manabi, Ecua- 
dor: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 35 algae, 6 plant specimens (gift) 

Morrison, Warren F., Chicago: 3 
algae (gift) 

Moschl, Dr. Wilhelm, Erzherzog, 
Austria: 15 plant specimens (exchange) 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales, Buenos Aires: 53 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Museo de Historia Natural, Lima, 
Peru: 102 plant specimens (exchange) 

Museum National d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Paris: 247 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

National Science Museum, Tokyo: 
198 plant specimens (exchange) 

Naturhistorisches Museum, 
Vienna: 696 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange); 1,140 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

New York, State University of, 
College of Forestry, Syracuse: 691 
wood specimens (exchange) 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 669 plant specimens, 121 
type photographs (exchange) ; 34 algae, 
2 plant specimens, 2 photographs (gift) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 115 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Norvell, Oliver, Stanford Univer- 
sity, California: 13 plant specimens 
(gift) 

Palmer, Dr. C. M., Cincinnati: 37 
algae (gift) 

Palmer, E. J., Webb City, Missouri: 
873 plant specimens (gift) 

Papenfuss, Dr. George F., Ber- 
keley, California: 1 cryptogamic speci- 
men (gift) 

Patino, Victor Manuel, Cali, 
Colombia: 16 plant specimens (gift) 



89 



Philippines, University of the, 
Quezon City, Philippine Islands: 265 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Pringle, H. A., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 

Proctor, V. W., Columbia, Mis- 
souri: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Richards Fund, Donald: 12,228 
lichens — Arizona, Colorado, and New 
Mexico; 1,286 cryptogams — Brazil, 
Florida, India, and Virginia; 1,000 
algae — France and the French Antilles; 
300 cryptogams — Gaspe Peninsula and 
New Jersey; 470 cryptogams — Japan; 
53 mosses — New Zealand; 1,810 cryp- 
togams — Sweden; 413 cryptogams — 
Wisconsin 

Rijksherbarium, Leiden, Nether- 
lands: 160 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 
change) 

Rodeman, Mrs. Mary C, Jefferson 
City, Missouri: 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Roelofs, Henry, East Chicago, In- 
diana: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 10 lichens 

(gift) 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Quebec, Canada: 31 algae (gift) 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
England: 2 photographs (exchange) 

Rutgers University, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey: 48 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, 
Santa Barbara, California: 70 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Schallert, Dr. P. O., Altamonte 
Springs, Florida: 155 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift) 

Schugman, Mrs. Effie M., Chicago: 
1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Schultes, Dr. Richard E., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: 6 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Schwerdtfeger, Dr. Fritz, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 2 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 2 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 125 
plant specimens, 71 prints and nega- 
tives (gift) 

Silva, Dr. Herman, Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 2 algae (gift) 

Soukup, Dr. J., Lima, Peru: 67 plant 
specimens (gift) 



Southern Illinois Normal Uni- 
versity, Carbondale: 1 plant specimen, 
2 microscope slides of wood sections 
(gift) 

Southern Methodist University, 
Dallas: 185 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 
change) 

Starr, Dr. Richard C, Blooming- 
ton, Indiana: 1 cryptogamic specimen 

(gift) 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: 11,208 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Stifler, Mrs. Cloyd B., Bradenton, 
Florida: 1 cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Swink, Floyd A., Cicero, Illinois: 
718 plant specimens (gift) 

Thieret, John W., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 

Troxel, David, Barrington, Illinois: 
35 plant specimens (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D.C.: 1 
plant specimen (exchange) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Plant Industry Sta- 
tion, Beltsville, Maryland: 41 plant 
specimens (exchange); 18 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

United States National Arbore- 
tum, Washington, D.C.: 5 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 455 cryptogamic 
specimens, 175 plant specimens (ex- 
change); 3 cryptogamic specimens, 12 
plant specimens (gift) 

Van Tress, Robert, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift) 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
16 algae (gift) 

Voth, Dr. Paul D., Chicago: 2 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Washington, University of, Seattle : 
18 plant specimens (exchange) 

Whitehouse, Dr. Eula, Dallas: 1 
alga (gift) 

Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 53 plant specimens (gift); 159 
wood specimens (exchange) 

Wisconsin, University of, Madi- 
son: 108 plant specimens (exchange) 

Witmer, Professor S. W., Goshen, 
Indiana: 1 plant specimen (gift) 



90 



Womersley, Dr. H. B. S., Adelaide, 
Australia: 8 algae (gift) 

Wood, Dr. Richard D., Kingston, 
Rhode Island: 3 algae (gift) 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift) 



Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 57 
plant specimens (gift) 

Zickman, Mrs. Robert, Villa Park, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Alexander, John H., Colorado 
Springs, Colorado: 3 crystals (topaz, 
microline, quartz) — Pikes Peak (gift) 

American Museum op Natural 
History, New York: cast of Cotylo- 
rhynchus skull (exchange) 

Beck, Joseph N., Ramsen, Iowa: 1 
hair-ball — Iowa (gift) 

Becker, August G. (deceased), pre- 
sented by Raymond B. Becker, 
Gainesville, Florida: cranium of muskox 
— Iowa; 3 goedes, 2 marcasite concre- 
tions — various localities (gift) 

Bookwalter, R., Chicago: 2 pieces 
of fossil tree-trunk — locality unknown 
(gift) 

California, University op, Mu- 
seum of Paleontology, Berkeley: 213 
fossil invertebrates (Tertiary and Pleis- 
tocene) — West Coast (exchange) 

Canterbury Museum, Christ- 
church, New Zealand: 2 skeletons of 
fossil moas, Emeus and Dinornis — New 
Zealand (exchange) 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
32 fossil reptiles — Archer and Knox 
counties, Texas (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 

(Canadian Maritime Provinces Paleon- 

tological Field Trip, 1952): collection 

of primitive fishes — various localities 

Collected by Orville L. Gilpin and 
William D. Turnbull (Texas Paleon- 
tological Expedition, 1952): collection 
of microfauna and a large turtle — 
Texas 

Collected by George Langford and 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (Wilmington, 
Illinois, Paleontological Field Trips, 
1952): 1,000 fossil-plant specimens, 20 
fossil invertebrates — Illinois 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy 
(Eastern States Geological Field Trip, 
1950): 43 lithological specimens — vari- 
ous localities 



Farr, Willard H., Chicago: 13 
Mississippian crinoids — Alabama (gift) 

Jarra Gem Corporation, New 
York: Jarra synthetic rutile gem (10 
carats) cut from a boule (gift) 

Jensen, Anna C, Western Springs, 
Illinois: collection of fossilized wood, 
fossil corals, minerals — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Kenya Gem Corporation, Phila- 
delphia: 1 boule (90 carats, synthetic 
rutile), 3 faceted synthetic rutile gems 
(gift) 

Kohler, W. F., Seattle, Washington: 
1 fossil plant specimen (Metasequoia) 
— Alaska (gift) 

Langford, George, Chicago: 104 
fossil trilobites — Illinois (gift) 

Paxson, Dillwyn W., Fort Smith, 
Arkansas: portion of fossil palm-stem 
— locality unknown (gift) 

Reed, Charles A., Chicago: collec- 
tion of small fossil mammals — Montana 
(gift) 

Ritchie, Arthur M., Olympia, 
Washington: 17 specimens of siderite 
concretions — Washington (gift) 

St. Mary's Seminary, Techny, Illi- 
nois: 59 specimens of fossil inverte- 
brates — Canada and Austria (gift) 

Sinclair, G. Winston, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 8 fossil invertebrates, in- 
cluding holotype and paratype of Callo- 
conularia strimplei Sinclair — various 
localities (gift) 

South Dakota School of Mines, 
Rapid City: cast of lower jaw of fossil 
insectivore, Parictis — South Dakota 
(gift) 

Stam, Marshall B., Salt Lake City: 
15 fossil sunfish, 8 fossil minnows — 
Nevada (gift) 

Stevenson, R. E., Vermillion, South 
Dakota: 100 specimens of fossil proto- 
zoan, Orbitolina — Venezuela (gift) 



91 



Storm, Mrs. Claudius, Chicago: 
collection of rocks and minerals — 
United States and Europe (gift) 

Whitfield, Jon S., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 73 fossil plants — Tennessee; 26 
fossil fishes — Wyoming (gift) 



Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
Evanston, Illinois: collection of fossil 
plants and fossil invertebrates — Illinois 
(gift) 

Wilke, Edward W., Chicago: speci- 
men of granite — Illinois (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Acosta y Lara, Eduardo, Monti- 
video, Uruguay: 3 mammals — Uruguay 
(gift) 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 2 lizards (one 
paratype), 2 insects — various localities 
(exchange) 

Arctic Health Research Center, 
Anchorage, Alaska: 2 mammal skulls — 
Alaska (gift) 

Auffenberg, Walter, Gainesville, 
Florida: 1 snake (paratype) — Florida 
(gift) 

Avery, George N., Marathon, 
Florida: 3 shells — Japan (gift) 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 3 
birds — Illinois (gift) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Ten- 
nessee: 3 reptiles and amphibians, 650 
insects and their allies — Tennessee 
(gift) 

Bognar, A., Whiting, Indiana: 2 
birds — Indiana (gift) 

Bokermann, Werner C. A., Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: 17 frogs — Brazil (ex- 
change) 

Bonetto, Dr. Argentino A., Santa 
Fe, Argentina: collection of fresh- water 
clams — Argentina (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 1 fish, 538 insects — 
various localities (exchange); 1 horse- 
skin and skeleton — Haiti (gift) 

Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 200 
butterflies — United States (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Harry A. Beatty (West 

Africa Zoological Expedition, 1950-52) : 

6 mammals, 1,161 birds — West Africa 

Collected by Walther Buchen, John G. 
Williams, and C. E. Cade (Buchen East 
Africa Zoological Expedition, 1952) : 64 
mammals, 189 birds, 2 boxes of bird 
eggs, 16 reptiles and amphibians, mis- 



cellaneous accessories for Nile marsh- 
bird exhibit — East Africa 

Collected by Luis de la Torre (Guate- 
mala Zoological Expedition, 1952): 572 
mammals, 143 reptiles and amphibians 
— Guatemala and Mexico 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (from 
bat-skins in Museum collection): 352 
insects 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Florida 
Zoological Field Trip, 1952): 118 lots 
of mollusks — Florida 

Collected by Philip Hershkovitz 
(Colombia Zoological Expedition, 
1948-52): 1,840 mammals, 58 birds- 
Colombia 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Colo- 
rado Paleontological Expedition, 1947): 
185 insects and their allies — Colorado 

Collected by Clifford H. and Sarah 
Pope (Mexico Zoological Field Trip, 
1952): 1,048 reptiles and amphibians — 
Mexico 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Mount 
Dapiak Zoological Expedition, 1952): 
134 mammals, 359 birds, 158 reptiles 
and amphibians — Philippine Islands 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (Aleu- 
tian Zoological Expedition, 1952): 11 
mammals, 2 birds — Aleutian Islands 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
(Austria Paleontological Expedition, 
1952) : 43 insects and allies — Austria 

Purchases: 463 mammals, 2,400 birds, 
26 bird nests, 15 sets of bird eggs, 355 
reptiles and amphibians, 325 fishes, 
approximately 7,730 insects and their 
allies, 364 shells 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 7 mammals, 118 birds — 
various localities (gift) 

Companhia de Diamantes de An- 
gola, Porto, Portugal: 99 mammals — 
Angola (gift) 



92 



Cornfield, Melvin, Hyattsville, 
Maryland : 4 snails Virginia (gift) 

Coryndon Museum, Nairobi, East 
Africa: 75 beetles — East Africa (ex- 
change) 

Cowan, Dr. I. McT., Vancouver, 
British Columbia, Canada: 1 bird — 
Canada (gift) 

Crichton, V., Wellington, New Zea- 
land: 2 beetles — New Zealand (gift) 

Crowell, Robert M., Wooster, 
Ohio: 5 slides of water mites — United 
States (gift) 

Curtis, Lawrence L., and James 
W. Cronin, Dallas: 2 salamanders — 
Texas (gift) 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 36 
mammals, 11 reptiles and amphibians 
—Cuba (gift) 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton Park, 
Illinois, and Robert F. Inger, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 5 reptiles — Texas (gift) 

Drake, Carl J., Ames, Iowa: 36 
insects (18 paratypes) — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Drake, Robert J., Aztec, New 
Mexico: 14 land shells — Sonora, Mexico 
(gift) 

Dundee, Harold A., Lawrence, 
Kansas: 1 snake — Texas (gift) 

Dybas, Henry S., Hazelcrest, Illi- 
nois: 392 insects — Mariana Islands 
(gift) 

Eigsti, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
32 insects — Nebraska (gift) 

Eiseman, Ralph M., Chicago: 2 
frogs — Indiana (gift) 

Feyerherm, Harvey A., De Kalb, 
Illinois: 1 frog — Illinois (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 57 snakes, 4 fishes, 153 insects 
and their allies — various localities (gift) 

Fleming, Dr. Robert L., Mus- 
soorie, India: 318 birds — India and 
Nepal (exchange) 

Gage, Floyd G., Wilmette, Illinois: 
7 shells — various localities (gift) 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 3 lizards, 1 fish, 4 lower in- 
vertebrates — British East Africa (gift) 

Green, Homer L., Zion, Illinois: 1 
centipede — Illinois (gift) 

Grow, Ray, Gary, Indiana: part of 
a bird — Indiana (gift) 

Guernsey, Guy, South Haven, 
Michigan: 1 bird — Michigan (gift) 



Guillaudeu, Captain Robert, 
Korea: 58 reptiles and amphibians, 196 
fishes — Korea (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 12 fresh- 
water clams — Wisconsin (gift) 

Hamilton, Dr. William J., Jr., 
Ithaca, New York: 1 mole — New York 
(gift) 

Hansen, Harold, Urbana, Illinois: 
4 shells — Flagstaff Island, Canada (gift) 

Harry, Harold W., Columbia, Mis- 
souri: 750 lots of shells — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Herbert, Lloyd, Toms River, New 
Jersey: 3 turtles — New Jersey (gift) 

HoOGSTRAAL, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
982 mammals, 18 birds, 893 reptiles 
and amphibians, 2,048 insects and their 
allies, 50 snails — Africa, Madagascar, 
Egypt, and Arabia (gift) 

Hubricht, Leslie, Danville, Vir- 
ginia: 23 salamanders — United States 
(gift) 

Illinois State Natural History 
Survey, Urbana: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

Janovsky, Richard, Lockport, Illi- 
nois: 1 mounted bird — Illinois (gift) 

Jaume, Miguel L., Havana, Cuba: 
75 shells— Cuba (gift) 

Johnson, Colonel H. A., Centralia, 
Washington: 15 shells — Washington 
(gift) 

Johnson, Richard I., Belmont, Mas- 
sachusetts: 137 lots of fresh-water clams 
— New England (gift) 

Johnson, Ruth, Chicago: 1 sala- 
mander — Missouri (gfit) 

Jones, J. Knox, Jr., Lincoln, Ne- 
braska: 41 mammals — United States 
(exchange) 

Just, Dr. Theodor, Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 1 bird — Illinois (gift) 

Kezer, Dr. James, Columbia, Mis- 
souri: 54 salamanders, 1 frog, 1 cave 
fish — United States (gift) 

Kistner, David, Chicago: 39 beetles 
(2 paratypes) — various localities (gift) 

Kobayashi, K., Kobe, Japan: 53 
birds — Japan (exchange) 

Kuntz, Robert E., Cairo, Egypt: 
133 insects and their allies — New Heb- 
rides (gift) 

Lekagul, Dr. Boonsong, Bangkok, 
Siam: 19 bats — Siam (gift) 

Lentz, M. J. R., St. Louis: 1 snake 
- — Missouri (gift) 



93 



Lester, Albert, Chicago: 1 mole — 
Chicago (gift) 

Letang, Peter, Chicago: block of 
coral reef — Florida (gift) 

Levy, Seymour H., Chicago: 6 birds 
— Nebraska and Wyoming (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 1 
mammal, 2 birds — various localities 
(gift) 

Lock, Mrs. Gilbert, Chicago: 3 
birds — Mexico (gift) 

Lucena, Dr. Durval T. de, Per- 
nambuco, Brazil: 20 fresh-water shells 
—Brazil (gift) 

Lutz, Dr. Bertha, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 19 frogs — Brazil (gift) 

Marine Studios, Marineland, Flor- 
ida: 15 fishes — Florida east coast (gift) 

McGraw, Max, Dundee, Illinois: 1 
albino chipmunk — Illinois (gift) 

Medem, Dr. Fred, Bogota, Colom- 
bia: 3 crocodilians — Colombia (gift) 

Mountjoy, Richard J., Chicago: 1 
snake — Illinois (gift) 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales, Buenos Aires: 3 bats — 
Argentina (gift) 

Museo de Historia Natural de 
La Salle, Bogota, Colombia: 46 mam- 
mals — Colombia (gift) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 lizards — 
New Guinea (exchange) 

Natural History Museum, Stan- 
ford University, California: 13 fishes 
(paratypes) — North Borneo (exchange) 

New York State College of 
Agriculture, Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, Department of Con- 
servation, Cornell University, Ithaca: 
60 sea lamprevs — Cayuga Inlet, New 
York (gift) 

Nicholson, Dr. A. J., Billings, 
Montana: 11 porpoise skulls, 55 bats — 
Japan (gift) 

North Borneo Fisheries Depart- 
ment, Sandakan: 1,329 fishes — North 
Borneo (gift) 

Ohio State University, Columbus: 
10 beetles — United States (exchange) 

Old, William E., Jr., Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia: 20 lots of shells — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Olivares, Father Antonio, Wash- 
ington, D.C.: 80 birds — Colombia (ex- 
change) 

Olson, R. Earl, Rockford, Illinois: 
3 snakes — Illinois and Minnesota (gift) 



Pain, T., London: 11 shells — various 
localities (gift) 

Peabody Museum, New Haven, 
Connecticut: 16 birds — various locali- 
ties (exchange) 

Pearson, Harry C, Estate of: 9 
zebra-skins, 3 lion-skins with skulls, 1 
rhinoceros scalp with skull and horns, 
6 ostrich eggs — Africa (gift) 

Pflueger, Albert, North Miami, 
Florida: model of ocean sunfish (gift) 

Raffles Museum and Library, 
Singapore: 4 catfishes — Malay Penin- 
sula (exchange) 

Ramos, Dr. J. A., Mayaguez, Puerto 
Rico: 1,946 fishes — Puerto Rico (gift) 

Rausch, Major Robert, Anchor- 
age, Alaska: 2 mammals — Alaska (gift) 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 41 beetles — 
various localities (gift) 

Reed, Horace B., Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee: 28 beetles — Tennessee (ex- 
change) 

RlJKSMUSEUM VON NATUURLIKE HlS- 

torie, Leiden, Netherlands: 3 reptiles 
— New Guinea and Java (exchange) 

Roig, Dr. Mario Sanchez, Havana, 
Cuba: 160 lots of shells— Cuba (gift) 

Romer, J. D., Hong Kong: 4 frogs 
— Hong Kong (gift) 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: 1 snake 
— Illinois (gift) 

Schubart, Dr. Otto, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 21 lots of shells— Brazil (gift) 

Schwass, Harley, Cook County 
(Illinois) Forest Preserve: 1 mammal 
— Illinois (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: 1 frog — El Sal- 
vador (exchange) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
1 turtle — Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

Shirk, J. H., Peru, Indiana: 6 jaguar 
skulls — Venezuela (gift) 

Sick, Dr. Helmut, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 1 snake, 173 lots of shells — 
Brazil (gift) 

Solem, Alan, Oak Park, Illinois: 
115 lots of mollusks, echinoderms, and 
corals — various localities (gift) 

Sullivan, John P., Ill, Lake Zurich, 
Illinois: 1 crayfish — Illinois (gift) 

Tarrant, Ross, Palm Beach, Flor- 
ida: 9 fishes — Florida (gift) 

Tarshis, I. Barry, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 20 flies — California (exchange) 

Tashian, Dr. Richard E., Brook- 
lyn: 263 birds — Guatemala (exchange) 



94 



Texas, University of, Austin: 33 
fishes (including 13 paratypes) — Texas 
(gift) 

Texas Game, Fish and Oyster Com- 
mission, Rockport: 37 lots of marine 
invertebrates — Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

Tomich, P. Quentin, Robles de Rio, 
California: 358 insects — Egypt (gift) 

Trapido, Dr. Harold, Panama, 
Panama: 903 reptiles and amphibians — 
Panama (gift) 

Traub, Lieutenant Colonel 
Robert, Washington, D.C., 218 insects 
(2 types and 10 paratypes) various lo- 
calities (gift) 

Trautman, Dr. M. B., Put-in-Bay, 
Ohio: 36 fishes — Ohio (exchange) 

Tulane University, New Orleans: 
16 turtles (paratypes) — Louisiana (ex- 
change) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: 230 
fishes — Gulf of Mexico (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 1 fish — Panama 
(exchange) 

Universidad Nacional de Tucu- 
man, Tucuman, Argentina: 47 frogs — 
Argentina (exchange) 



Weber, Neal A., Swarthmore, Penn- 
sylvania: 49 reptiles and amphibians — 
Iraq and Bahrein Island (gift) 

Weld, Dr. L. H., Arlington, Vir- 
ginia: 109 insects (including 63 para- 
types) — various localities (gift) 

Wells, Lieutenant (J.G.) William 
H., Bethesda, Maryland: 3 bats, 4 frogs 
— Venezuela (gift) 

Werner, Dr. Floyd, Burlington, 
Vermont: 450 beetles — North America 
(exchange) 

White, Fred N., Houston, Texas: 1 
snake — Texas (gift) 

Wisconsin, University of, De- 
partment of Entomology, Madison: 
20 beetles — Wisconsin (gift) 

Woehlck, Kenneth H. (address 
lacking) : 4 birds — Illinois (gift) 

Wolffsohn, A., Gallon Jug, British 
Honduras: 12 reptiles — British Hon- 
duras (gift) 

Young, Dr. F. N., Bloomington, 
Indiana: 2 beetles — Indiana (exchange) 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, 
Illinois: 1 snake — Austria (gift) 

Ziemer, August, Evergreen Park, 
Illinois: 217 insects — United States (ex- 
change) 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION-ACCESSIONS 

Bayalis, John, Chicago: 6 2x2 
natural-color (original) slides (gift) 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by Division of Photography: 



2,224 negatives, 16,643 prints, 1,040 
enlargements, 125 lantern slides 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Made by D. D wight Davis: 400 feet 
of 16 mm black-and-white film and 1 
print of "Field Studies of Animal Loco- 
motion" (Borneo Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1950); about 600 feet of 16mm 
color film for "Trailside Adventures" 



Ideal Pictures, Inc., Chicago: 400 
feet of 16mm color sound-film (pur- 
chase) 

Machetanz Productions, Kenton, 
Ohio: 684 feet of 16mm color silent-film 
(purchase) 



95 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM-ACCESSIONS 

Donors (Institutions) 

Bruce Publishing Company, Milwaukee, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Wisconsin Harvard College, Cambridge, 

Massachusetts 



Donors (Individuals) 

Campbell, T. N., Austin, Texas 
Correll, Dr. Donovan Stewart, 

Beltsville, Maryland 
Cory, Charles B., Jr., Homewood, 

Illinois 

Dos Passos, Cyril F., Mendham, New 

Jersey 
Dybas, Henry S., Hazelcrest, Illinois 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago 
Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana 



Malott, Mrs. Clyde, Bloomington, 
Indiana 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 

Indiana 
Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Gurnee, 

Illinois 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 

Illinois 
Shealy, W. R., Jr., Chicago 
Solem, Alan, Oak Park, Illinois 
Standley, Paul C, Tegucigalpa, 

Honduras 



Kibbe, Dr. Alice L., Carthage, Illinois Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, Illinois 



Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift, Exchange, or Purchase) 

BOOKS 

Andree, Karl, Hendrik Albertus Brouwer, and Walter Herman Bucher, Regionale 

Geologie der Erde (1938-41) 
Beddome, Richard Henry, Icones plantarum Indiae Orientalis (1874) 
Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, Description geographique de la Guiane (1763) 
Bouillenne, Raymond, Phytobiologie, 2nd ed. (1948) 
Bourguignat, Jules Rene, Catalogue raisonne des mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles 

recueillis par M. F. de Saulay pendant son voyage en Orient (1853) 
, Materiaux pour servir a Vhistoire des mollusques Acephales du systeme 

europeen (1880-81) 
Brandis, Dietrich, Forest flora of northwest and central India (1874) 
Bronn, Heinrich Georg, Dr. H. G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs, 

v. 5., abt. 2, Diploda. Verkoeff, K. W., 2 v. (1928-32) 
Burnett, M. A., Plantae utiliones, 4 v. (1842-50) 

Cattaneo, Giacomo, he colonie lineari e la morfologia dei molluschi (1882) 
Dawson, John William, The geology of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince 

Edward Island; or, Acadian geology (1891) 
Entomologicheskoe obozrenie. Revue d'entomologie de VURSS, 17 v. (1901-38) 
Franchet, Adrien, Enumeratio plantarum in Japonia sponte crescentium hucusque 

rite cognitarum, adjectis descriptionibus specierum pro regione novarum . . . 

(1875-79) 
Grateloup, Jean Pierre Sylvestre de, Catalogue des mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles 

vivants et fossiles, de la France continentale et insulaire, par ordre alphabetique 

(1855) 



96 



Gr0ntved, Johannes, and Thorvald Sorensen, Botany of Iceland, v. 1-3, v. 4, pt. 1, 

v. 5, pt. 1 (1912-49) 
Handel-Mazzetti, Heinrich Raphael Eduard, Freiherr von, Symbolae Sinicae, 7 v. 

in 3 (1929-37) 
Handschin, Eduard, Praktische Einfiihrung in die Morphologie der Insekten (1928) 
Hannig, Emil, and Hubert Winkler, eds., Die Pflanzenareale, Reihe 1-4, Reihe 5, 

heft 1/2 (1926-40) 
Hutton, James, Theory of the earth, 2 v. (1795) 
Jousseaume, Felix, Mollusques terrestres; Clausilia, Rhodea et Bulimus Sud- 

Americaines (1900) 
Kobelt, Wilhelm, Illustrirtes Conchylien-Buch, 2 v. (1876-81) 
Koorders, Sijfert Hendrik, Exkursionsflora von Java ... 4 v. (1911-37) 
Lacordaire, Jean Theodore, Introduction a Ventomologie, 2 v. (1834) 
Lindner, Erwin, ed., Die Fliegen der palarktischen Region, Lief 1 — (1925 — ) 
Lundbeck, William, Diptera Danica; genera and species of flies hitherto found in 

Denmark, 7 v. in 5 (1907-27) 
Michaelsen, Johann Wilhelm, and Robert Hartmeyer, Die Fauna Sudwest-Aus- 

traliens. Ergebnisse der Sudwest-Australischen Forschungsreise, 1905, 5 v. 

(1907-30) 
Miiller, J., Vergleichende Anatomie der Mxyinoiden, pts. 1-4 (1835-45) 
Nicoll, Michael John, Nicoll's birds of Egypt, by Richard Meinertzhagen, 2 v. 

(1930) 
Nieremberg, Juan Eusebio, Historia naturae, maxime peregrinae, libris XVI, 

distincta (1635) 
Ognev, Sergei Ivanovich, Mammals of Russia (USSR) and adjacent countries, 

v. 6, 7 (1948, 1950) 
Owen, Charles, An essay towards a natural history of serpents (1742) 
Plate, Ludwig Hermann, Fauna et anatomia Ceylonica, 4 v. (1922-31) 
Popta, C. M. L., Resultats ichthyologiques des voyages scientifiques de Monsieur le 

Professeur Dr. A. W. Nieuwenhuis dans le centre de Borneo, 1893 et 1900 

(1906) 
Priest, Cecil Darner, Birds of Southern Rhodesia, 4 v. (1933-36) 
Progressus Rei Botanicae, ed. by J. P. Lotsy, v. 1-3 (1907-09) 
Redtenbacher, Ludwig, Fauna austriaca. Die Kdfer (1858) 
Richter, Karl, Plantae europeae, v. 1-2, pt. 3 (1890-1903) 

Schimer, Ignatz Rudolph, Fauna austriaca: Die Fliegen (Diptera), 2 v. (1862-64) 
Schimper, Andreas Franz Wilhelm, Pflanzengeographie auf physiologischer Grund- 

lage, 2 v. (1935) 
Sinclair, George, Hortus gramineus Woburnensis, 3rd ed. (1826) 
Sweet, Robert, Flora australasica (1827-28) 

Wagler, Johann Georg, Descriptiones et Icones Amphibiorum, 3 pts. (1828-33) 
Walker, Francis, Catalogue of the specimens of Dermoptera Saltatoria (Part 1 ) and 

Supplement to the Blattariae in the collection of the British Museum, 5 v. 

(1869-71) 

Weinkauff, H., Die Conchylien des Mittelmeeres, ihre geographische und geologische 
Verbreitung, 2 v. (1867-68) 

Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh. Memoirs, 7 v. in 9 (1811-38) 

Winkler, Albert, ed., Catalogus Coleopterorum regionis palaearcticae (1924-32) 

SERIALS 

Ardea. Nederlandsche Ornithologische Vereenigung, v. 25 — (1934 — ) 

Botanische Zeitung, Leipzig, v. 47, 52, 53 (1889-95) 

Dansk Ornithologisk Forening, Copenhagen. Tidsskrift, v. 27-45 (1933-51) 

97 



Entomological magazine. Entomological Society of Japan, Kyoto, v. 1-4, pt. 1 

(1915-19) 
Entomologiske meddelelser. Entomologisk forening. Kj0benhavn, v. 25 — (1947 — ) 
L'Entomologiste. Revue d' Amateurs, v. 1-8 — (1945-52 — ) 
Fortschritte der Botanik, v. 1-10, v. 12-13— (1932-51—) 
Fortschritte der Zoologie. Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft, v. 1 — (1935 — ) 
Indian Academy of Sciences. Proceedings, sec. B., v. 1-7 (1934-38) 
Kontyu. Entomological Society of Japan, v. 1-16 (1926-42) 
Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau, v. 1-11 (1886-96), v. 16-19 (1901-4), v. 23-25 

(1908-9) 
New phytologist, v. 46— (1947—) 

Oikos; Acta ecologica scandinavica. Supplementum, v. 1 — (1951 — ) 
Revue algologique, v. 6-10 (1931-38) 
Revue bryologique et lichenologique, n.s., v. 1-20 (1928-51) 
Revue de zoologie et de botanique africaines, v. 35-45 — (1941-52 — ) 
Rivista italiana di ornitologia, v. 4-6 (1918-23) 
Royal Society of London. Philosophical transactions, v. 178-232 (1887-47) 

, Proceedings, ser. B (1905-44) 

Societe Entomologique de France. Annates, ser. 6, v. 112-120 (1946-52) 

, Bulletin, v. 1-56 (1896-51) 

Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, v. 1-76 (1840-86) 

Svenska Mosskulturforeningen. Tidskrift, v. 4-52 (1890-1938) 

Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Volkerkunde), v. 70, pt. 6, 

v. 71-75 (1938-50) 
Zeitschrift fiir Wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie, n.s., v. 17-19 (1922-24) 



98 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* Deceased 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 
Graham, Ernest R.* 



Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 



Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 



Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 
Knight, Charles R. 



Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



99 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P Georges 



Humbert, Professor 
Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 



Keith, Professor Sir 
Arthur 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A." 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosen wald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 

* Deceased 



Armour, P. D.* 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Buchen, Walther 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H. 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 



$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

China 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jos6 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hay den B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hoogstraal, Harry 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 



100 



Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson 11 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H. 

Witkowsky, James* 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Solis, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cory, Charles B., Jr. 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, O. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

* DECEASED 



CONTRIBUTORS {.continued) 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* Nichols, Henry W.* 



Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 

Kraft, James L. 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 



O'Dell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Clarence* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Bryon L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 



Nash, Mrs. L. Byron Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 



Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Knight, Charles R. 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 

101 



Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



CORPORATE MEMBERS (continued) 
Vernay, Arthur S. 
Ware, Louis 



Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



DECEASED, 1952 

Block, Leopold E. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barnhart, Miss 

Gracia M. F. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 



Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 



Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McKinlay, John 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 



102 



LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 



Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 



Adler, Max 
Block, Leopold E. 
Carpenter, Augustus A. 



Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George L. 

Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 

DECEASED, 1952 

Dawes, Henry M. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 



Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 



Mclnnerney, 
Thomas H. 

Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 



Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 



Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Moeller, George 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 



Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $1 00 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 



Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. 

Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 



Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 



103 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Anderson, Miss Florence 

Regina 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 



Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, George A. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Prof. 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Philip 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 



Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

DeKoven 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 



104 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, David S. 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 



Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Jeannette 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cates, Dudley 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 



Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Frank H. 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 



105 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Crowley, C. A. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cudahy, Mrs. Joseph M. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 



Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles 0. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Porter 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 



Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Mo'ise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
DuBois, Laurence M. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Erickson, James A. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 



106 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Favill, Mrs. John 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 



Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 



Gentry, Veit 

Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 



107 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 



Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harms, VanDeursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 



Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Bertol 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 



108 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Hollis, Henry L. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Layman 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 



Hunding, B. N. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 



Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Marjorie 
Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 



109 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, David W. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson O. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 



Krez, Leonard O. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langenbach.Mrs.AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 



Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I, 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence 0. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 



110 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 



Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Prof. Harry 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. Donald 

R., Sr. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 



Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moore, Paul, 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 



111 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Jane 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, 0. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Michael 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 



Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur 0. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 



Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Pray, Max 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farnsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 



Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Rengenstein, Joseph 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 



Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. Barrett 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 



Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

DeWitt 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Silvertongue, Mrs. Ray 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, W. Lynwood 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 



Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 

Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 



114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 



Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
VanDeventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
VanWinkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 



Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ward well, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weber, Mrs. William S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 



Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, H. B., Sr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. 

Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 



Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 



Armour, Laurance H. 

Bantsolas, John N. 
Barnard, Harrison B. 
Becker, Louis 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Boal, Ayres 
Boyack, Harry 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Burgstreser, Newton 

Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Campbell, Dr. Delwin M. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Childs, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Cleveland, Paul W. 

Dee, Thomas J. 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 

Edwards, Kenneth P. 

Fergus, Robert C. 

Gardner, Addison L. 
Giles, Carl C. 



Deceased, 1952 

Godehn, Paul M. 

Hardin, John H. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Herri ck, Charles E. 
Hill, William E. 
Hottinger, Adolph 

Jacobs, Whipple 
Jenkins, David F. D. 

Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kraft, C. H. 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Franklin 
Lasker, Albert D. 

Martin, W. B. 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mulholand, William H. 



Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Nichols, S. F. 

Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Perkins, A. T. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pierson, Mrs. James 
Rhodes 

Regensteiner, Theodore 
Roller, Fred S. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 

Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swenson, S. P. 0. 

Tilden, Averill 

Wallace, Walter F. 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Wilkins, George Lester 



116 



NON-RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 



Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Lindboe, S. R. 



Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 



Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Bingham, Carl G. 

Caples, William G. 
Crooks, Harry D. 

Dumelle, Frank C. 

Holmblad, Dr. Edward C. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hunt, George L. 



Kraus, William C. 

Laing, William 
Lamons, Dr. Donald C. 
Levi, Julian H. 

Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 
Moore, Chester G. 

Pope, John W. 
Prall, Bert R. 



Ross, Earl 

Scott, Willis H. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Smith, J. P. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 

Vanlandingham, 
Charles C. 

Wilson, D. H. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Ackermann, George E. 
Acosta, J. D. 
Adams, Mrs. Carleton B. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Edward R. 
Adams, F. W. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adler, David 
Adler, William H. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Aguinaldo, Miss 

Carmen R. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Albiez, George 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allaway, William H. 
Allen, Albert H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 



Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
Ameismaier, Julius 
American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, George C. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Andresen, Raymond H. 
Andrew, Lucius A., Jr. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Anning, H. E. 
Anthony, Miss Helen 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Appell, Mrs. Harold 
Arado, A. D. 
Archer, Ralph C. 
Armstrong, William A. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Robert M. 



Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Warren 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Howard 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avery, Robert N. 

Babbitt, B. J. 
Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bachman, E. E. 
Backman, C. E. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 



117 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Baldwin, John R. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 
Balsam, Herman 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Barancik, Maurice A. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, H. B. 
Barber, Sidney L. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barker, James M. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barry, Gerald A. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay , William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Bartoli, Peter 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman, P. J. 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Baxter, Mark L. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, Gilbert A. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Becker, Max 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behr, John L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Beiser, Carl H. 
Beman, Lynn W. 



Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benesch, Alfred 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bennett, Russell O. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, Martin E. 
Bent, Mrs. Maurice H. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, Mrs. Eugene T. 
Beutel, Henry J. 
Beven, T. D. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Birk, Meyer 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James J. R. T. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Miss Ruth 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, John P. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blatchford, Edward W. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, Frank W. 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 



Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bohlin, Louis E. 
Boitel, A. C. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boland, Ray H. 
Boland, Walter J. 
Bolt, Alfred E. 
Bonfig, Henry C. 
Borinstein, Marcus E. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, III 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bourke, Dr. Henry P. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, B. W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Brackett, William A. H. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 
Bradshaw, Robert Y. 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, Mrs. James 

Burton 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brent, John F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brock, Edson M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bronner, Maurice H. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Brooks, C. Wayland 
Brown, A. M. 
Brown, A. P. 
Brown, Adelbert 



118 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Mrs. Isidore 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Richard William 
Bruce, A. D. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bruns, Herman H. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Brye, Edvin 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Bucuss, John G. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnap, Carl 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burns, J. Forbes 
Burns, Patrick C. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burrell, Mrs. Stanley M. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bush, Dr. Thadd F. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Caesar, 0. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Caldwell, Jonathan Q. 
Callan, T. J. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Camp, Mrs. Ruth Orton 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 



Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Keith S. 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Capek, Charles A. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, George Wallace 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cermak, Mrs. Gertrude 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, T. R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chenoweth, Mrs. 

Edwin G. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chester, W. T. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, William C. 
Chinn, M. E. 
Chirich, Zarko 
Chor, Dr. Herman 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christ-Janer, Albert 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Church, Freeman S. 
Church, William S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clancy, John D., Jr. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Kenneth L. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, H. R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clements, G. L. 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, 0. W. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Close, Gordon R. 



Close, James W. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Clow, J. Beach 
Clyne, R. W. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coburn, Abbott 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cogswell, G. E. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cole, Miss Marion W. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Collier, Mrs. 

Corina Melder 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colmes, Walter 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Colwell, Mrs. Donald L. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Condon, E. J. 
Congdon, Dr. Charles B. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Connors, William J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Coon, Edmund B. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Cordray, Mrs David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cornelius, Mrs. R. W. 
Cotter, James W. 
Cotterman, I. D. 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coutandin, Hugo 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crabtree, Samuel A. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crawford, Henriques 
Craycraft, Mrs. Douglas 
Cremer, Carl 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew, Ben L. 



119 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Cronin, James J. 
Cronin, Kevin W. 
Cross, Robert C. 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Crowe, Philip K. 
Crowson, George M. 
Cruttenden, Walter W. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culmer, Dr. Charles U. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Czachorski, John F. 

Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Dapples, George H. 
Darby, John H. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darling, Dr. Duane D. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, J. Philip 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Johnson S. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Howard Q. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, P. J. 
Defrees, Donald 
Deknatel , Frederi ck H . , 1 1 
DeLong, J. I. 
DeMotte, R. J. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, William S. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Dess, William 



Detchon, Elliott R., Jr. 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton 0. 
Dickens, Robert Sidney 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Neal V. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixson, Mrs. V. B. 
Dobkin, I. 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doern, Philip 
Dolan, Tom 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dose, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drago, Miss Rose Ann 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, G. T. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Droege, Richard L. 
Drummond, John M. 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
Duffy, John I. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, R. Gregory 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 

Eade, Kenneth C. 
Earle, Howard Granger 
Earlandson, Ralph 0. 
Early, Preston H. 



Echt, George 
Eck, Donald R. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, C. W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eger, Edmond I. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehnborn, Gustave B. 
Ehrlich, Arthur A. 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Franklin Courtney 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emch, Arnold F. 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esserman, Irving 
Essley, E. Porter 
Evans, Keith J. 
Everett, William S. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fager, Raymond Alton 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farley, Mrs. Ruth 

M. McReynolds 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farls, Miss 

Genevieve M. 
Farmer, Dr. Chester J. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farr, A. V. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 



120 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Farwell, Albert D. 
Faulhaber, John M. 
Fausey, Newton L. 
Feinberg, Louis 
Feinstein, Edward 

Howard 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, H. Folger 
Fenemore, Miss 

Elisabeth 
Fenn, John F. 
Fenn, Robert S. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, Calvin, Jr. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Fenyes, Dr. George 
Ferguson, J. F. 
Ferrall, James P. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Ferry, John A. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fiffer, Robert S. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finlay, Henry A., Jr. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, C. P. 
Fisher, G. N. 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Fitzpatrick, W. J. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Fouche, Mrs. G. R. 
Foulks, William 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Rev. George A. 



Fox, Clarence E. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Mrs. Davis S. 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlander, William 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Fries, Mrs. Evelyn 
Frisk, Frank O. 
Froning, Miss 

Margaret E. 
Frosh, Louis E. 
Frothingham, Mrs. 

Naneen R. 
Fruchtman, Edward J. 
Frye, W. P. 
Frystak, A. J. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Edward S. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaiennie, L. Rene 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 
Gallauer, William 
Gallery, Mrs. Daniel J. 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Garland, J. S. 
Garlington, William M. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. 

Evelyn M. 
Gekas, John C. 
Gelder, Miss Madeline 
Gellman, Allen B. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 



Genther, Charles B. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerlach, Norman H. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gianaras, Alec K. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glassford, Gordon L. 
Glattfeld, Prof. 

John W. E. 
Glen, Harold V. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Goble, G. B. 
Goder, Joseph 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goetz, Carl L. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Golden, Mrs. Samuel M. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodrich, Miss Josephine 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leonard 
Gordon, Dr. Marion Lee 
Gordon, Milton 
Gordon, Norman 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 



121 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graff, Earl H. 
Graff, Edward 
Graffis, Herbert 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Mrs. Earl E. 
Gray, Hitous 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John P. 
Greig, Dr. H. Wallace 
Griffin, Franklin T. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grill, Dr. Frank T. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H. 
Grinnell, Robert L. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groenwald, F. A. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grombach, Alfred O. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grosboll, James 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Grunlee, Sigwald C. 
Guettler, B. A. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 
Gutstadt, Richard E. 

Hackett, Thad 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagstrom, Joseph G. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Hajen, Herman F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Mrs. Evelyn F. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 



Hamilton, Miss Alice 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammel, W. F., Jr. 
Hammond, Dr. Rex D. 
Hammond, William M. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hannaford, Miss 

Mildred L. 
Hanson, Miss Marion 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, E. Edgerton 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, J. Leslie 
Hart, James A. 
Hart, Dr. John T. 
Hart, L. Edward, Jr. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassell, Warren S. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathaway, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattis, Robert E. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Hayes, Mrs. Paul W. 
Hayes, William E. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynie, R. G. 



Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Head, James D. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, Mrs. Fred A. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Hechler, Valentine 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heddens, John W. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard H. 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heinze, Mrs. Bessie 

Neuberg 
Helgason, Ami 
Hemmen, Melvern M. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henner, H. I. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Joseph E. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herring, H. B. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hesseltine, Dr. H. Close 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hoffman, Joseph 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohenadel, F. A. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 



122 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Adrian O. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Holt, E. M. 
Homan, Joseph 
Homan, Max 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Irving A. 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, Charles F. 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
Houlihan, Raymond F. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Jonathan T. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Andrew V. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huggett, Martin C. 
Huggett, W. W. 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Hughes, Russell P. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, Lathrop W. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hurst, C. N. 
Hutson, Mrs. John F. 
Huxley, Henry M. 



Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, S. L. 

Iker, Charles 
Indelli, William A. 
Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Into, Mrs. A. Norman 

Jack, W. J. 
Jackett, C. A. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, M. G. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobson, Egbert 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
Jager, Dr. Elizabeth 
Jalkut, Lee D. 
James, Allen M. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johanigman, S. E. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Bert 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Robert 
Jones, Thomas C. 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Joyce, Marvin B. 
Judd, Mrs. Willis W. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurgensen, R. J. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Henry S. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 



Kaplan, Samuel 
Kargman, Wallace I. 
Karnes, William G. 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaufman, Mrs. 

Frances J. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kaye, Harry 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keehn, L. D. 
Keeler, Mrs. Edwin-R. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Keller, Edwin P. 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, I. C. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Sidney M. 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kemper, James S., Jr. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kidston, Ross H. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kilbourn, Miss Ruth 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kiley, Dr. Matthew J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kimball, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Klagstad, Harold L. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klefstad, Sievert 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 



123 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Klutznick, Mrs. 

Philip M. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, Howard 
Knotts, Glenn 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knox, Merrill B. 
Knudtzon, E. J. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koff, Dr. Robert H. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolesiak, Walter R. 
Kolflat, Alf 
Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kowalski, Dr. Leonard F. 
Krabill, LeRoy 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Elmer 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krider, E. A. 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Richard W. 
Kroll, Harry 
Krotter, Miss Nellie M. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuhn, Mrs. Joseph 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 
Kuta, A. E. 
Kutchins, Lawrence 
Kuyper, George A. 
Kysor, Mrs. James D. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Laidley, Roy R. 



Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lamont, Daniel J. 
Lance, 0. C. 
Landis, Sidney 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, R. C. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
LaSalle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Laud, Sam 
Laufman, Dr. Harold 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Lavezzorio, N. J. 
Law, M. A. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, William H. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lederer, Irving G. 
Lederer, Joseph M. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Charles J. 
Lesch, Mrs Isabel 

Catharine 
Lesch, John F. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Lewendowski, 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lloyd 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 



Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liebrock, Harry F. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lindar, Mrs. Albert J. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Line, Dr. Eva J. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linn, Joseph M. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V. 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Logelin, Edward C, Jr. 
Lohman, Joseph D. 
Long, R. E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorenzi, Mrs. George 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah 0. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Lubig, Max 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, M. F. 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynn, Bernard W. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacDonald, Mrs. 

Victoria D. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macholz, Rev. Ignatius 



124 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Mack, John J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLean, William P. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magee, G. M. 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahler, I. H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O.O. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Mantout, Mrs. Bernard 
Manz, George R. 
Mara, Walter T. 
Maragos, Samuel C. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marek, R. S. 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margeson, Mrs. 

James P., Jr. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Mar quart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marshall, Frank G. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Donald B. 
Martin, Mrs. Leroy 
Martins, P. A. 
Maseng, Trygve 
Mast, Leland J. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, Henry T. 
Mathews, M. M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Matson, H. M. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maxon, R. C. 



Maxwell, Mrs. 

Augustus K. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayfield, W. A. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCabe, Mrs. I. E. 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCallister, Frank 
McCallister, James 

Maurice 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCombs, Harry F. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McConnell, Thomas C. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCulloch, Mrs. Hugh 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McElroy, John W. 
McFayden, Temple 
McGaffigan, Paul K. 
McGarry, Miss Agnes 
McGregor, John M. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McGuire, Thomas P. 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKee, William F. 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLean, Dr. Helen 

Vincent 
McLennan, William L. 



McNabb, Mrs. J. H. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, B. F. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNerney, Frank J. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Meadors, Roy O. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merkl, Miss Laura M. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metcoff, Eli 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michalko, Edward 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arden E. 
Miller, Dr. C. 0. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Earl A. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, L. A. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, W. S. 
Miller, Willard M. 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Mitchell, Harry G. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Herbert 
Mitchell, Mrs. R. B. 
Mittelmann, Dr. Eugene 
Mizen, Frederic 

Kimball 



125 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Modene, Oscar F. 
Mohn, Mrs. E. Harold 
Moll, Edwin 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Montenier, Jules 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, James 
Moran, John T. 
Moreland, James C. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Morgan, Samuel 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moustakis, Linton G. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, C. G. 
Muench, Hans 
Muhs, G. F. 

Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mulhern, Eugene E. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle 
Muntz, Earl W. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, M. W. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 

Nacey, Harry M. 
Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 



Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Nettnin, LeRoy H. 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newmark, Lawrence S. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nicholson, Dr. F. M. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nikopoulos, George A. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noble, Robert L. 
Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 
Norby, H. L. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oberf elder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, Vincent 
O'Brien, Wilbur J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Oliver, Dr. Richard M. 
Olmsted, C. H. 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Oscar W. 
Olsen, Sigurd 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Oppenheimer, Dr. Leo 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
0' Sullivan, James J. 
Ottenheimer, Fred L. 



Otto, Dr. George H. 
Otto, Walter C. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Pace, Anderson 
Pacer, T. S. 
Pacholke, Fred 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Painter, Miss Marguerite 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Palm, Felix 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parrott, George H. 
Paschal, John William 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, William F. 
Patti, Dr. Angelo R. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, Albert W. 
Paul, Benjamin R. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Stuyvesant 
Peacher, Mrs. D. J. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearson, Edwin E. 
Pearson, Miss Kathleen 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pelz, William W. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Peponis, Arthur H. 
Perlman, Dr. Henry B. 
Perlman, I. B. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard M. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Fredus N. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Petro, Miss Olive 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettingell, C. D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Phelps, William Henry 
Phoenix, George E. 
Picher, William S. 
Pier, H. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Wayne S. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plummer, Daniel C., Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Poole, Arthur B., Jr. 
Poore, Robert W. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Robert E. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Morse 
Pound, G. C. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Rev. Cuthbert 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preston, Charles D. 
Preston, Dr. Frederick W. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, Owen N. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pringle, Don 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Purdy, Donald 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purinton, Dr. Robert F. 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 



Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Marge 
Rampona, Dr. Louis 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 
Ray, Harold R. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redding, George H. 
Reddy, Mrs. Philip J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Philip G. 
Reedy, Mrs. T. J. 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reilly, David J. 
Reilly, George A. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Katherine 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Resch, Mrs. Robert P. 
Ressler, Harold B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reynolds, Milton 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 
Richard, Sister 
Richards, Mrs. Harper 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Ricker, Jewett E. 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Rivenes, A. I. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Roach, O. R. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Harlow P. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robertson, Egbert 



Robertson, Miss 

Nancy P. 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Robinson, Thomas G. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Roman, B. F. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosin, George I. 
Rosner, Manuel 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rowley, Fred C, Jr. 
Rubert, William F. 
Ruby, Norman 
Rudolph, Walter D. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, P. F. 
Ryder, F. W. 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 

Saarinen, W. 

Sackett, DeForest 

Saffir, M. A. 

Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 

Salomon, Ira 

Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Salzman, Philip H. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sanfilippo, John J. 
SanFilippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sanford, Miss Helen M. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, R. S. 
Savage, Stanley 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, 0. Trumbull 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlichter, Dr. Jakub G. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schonne, Mrs. Charles W. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrader, John P. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, William H. 
Schulz, George H. 
Schulze, Paul, Jr. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 



Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seder, A. R. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Selby, J. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sembower, John F. 
Semrad, Joseph B. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Seyfarth, H. E. 
Shafer, Edward 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Dr. S. J. 
Shafer, Walter S. 
Shalla, Dr. Leon S. 
Shanahan, J. Robert 
Shanner, Charles T. 
Shannon, Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shantz, Marc A. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheldon, Walter M., Jr. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Sherwin, William A. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuman, John R. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Silverstein, Milton 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Sims, Frank S. 



Sims, Paul K. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Albert H. 
Singer, William A. 
Siniarski, T. A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Sklower, Miss Ruth I. 
Skoner, Chester 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slifka, George C. 
Slindee, Edward A. 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. LeRoy H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Monroe A., Jr. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Snideman, Richard L. 
Snite, John T. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snydacker, Mrs. E. F. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Robert 
Somerville, Mrs. 

William 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Soule, M. M. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spatta, George 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, William N. 
Spiegel, Dr. I. Joshua 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spieth, Mrs. Angeline 
Spinka, Dr. Harold M. 
Sponsler, Glen L. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Springer, Clement F. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Staffel, Henry E. 
Staffelbach, Earl T. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stahl, John J. 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stanley, Donald 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Staunton, E. C. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steen, Prof. Julian J. 
Steffen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stevers, Martin D. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stickler, Harold I. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirn, Henry C. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Herbert Stuart, Jr. 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, J. E. 
Sutherland, William W. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Mrs. W. E. 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swidler, Louis 



Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 
Frederick J. 

Taendler, Henry A. 
Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tartak, Mrs. Gertrude C. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Edward L. 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terhune, Miss Virginia 
Testin, Dr. Henry S. 
Teter, Park 
Theis, Dr. Frank V. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, G. Truman 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, Mrs. 

Florence S. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, K. I. 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard O. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thornburn, John M. 
Thorne, Frank H. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Enos 
Tice, Winfield 
Timmings, G. H. 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Tipple, F. A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Toussaint, S. E. 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 



Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William 

Knowlton 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turney, Russell J. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urban, Andrew 
Urban, Dr. H. J. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 

VanBuskirk, M. G. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
VanderKloot, Nicholas J. 
Vanderwicken, Edwin P. 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanKampen, A. H. 
VanMell, Herman T. 
VanNatta, V. R. 
VanNice, Errett 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vastine, Lee B. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velvel, Charles 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinnedge, Albert S. 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
VonGehr, George 
VonHenke, Mrs. 

Edmund J. 
Vydra, Frank C. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wade, Albert G., II 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Clarence P. 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Walker, Frederick W., Jr. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Walker, Mrs. William 

Ernest 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney- 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasserman, Hy 
Wasson, Theron 
Waters, Gerard E. 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watkins, George H. 
Watling, John 
Watson, Norman E. 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Wehmeier, H. A. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 



Weitzel, Mrs. Tony 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, Sidney 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, James D. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Western, North 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wetten, Walton 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheelock, Miss 

Ellen P. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whipple, Miss 

Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whitmore, Lyle S. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Lucille 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilber, Allen S. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Jay C. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Robert G. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willott, Mrs. Adele 
Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Dr. William 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick 0. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winsberg, Samuel 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 



Winterbotham, John R. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wisner, C. V., Jr. 
Wolchina, R. P. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolfe, Hubert J. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Edward W. 
Wood, William A. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Turner 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 
Wyckoff, Dr. Philip H. 

Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, Schuyler 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yaworski, A. F. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Youker, Mrs. Claude W. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zaczek, Miss 

Genevieve A. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zaring, Paul B. 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zelinko, George J. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zolla, Abner M. 



DECEASED, 1952 



Abbott, Mrs. John Jay 
Alger, Frederick W. 



Beck, Frederick 
Bernstein, George E. 



Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Bond, William Scott 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Carter, C. B. 
Clow, Kent S. 

Dougherty, Edward A. 

Follett, C. W. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 

Goldthorp, Dr. Ellsworth 

Haskell, Clinton H. 
Hennemeyer, Dr. 

Rudolph J. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 



Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 

Kipp, Lester E. 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 

Lehman, 0. W. 
Leibrandt, George F. 

Manzelmann, George F. 
Marnane, James D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. 
James H. 

Oleson, Philip H. 



Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 

Scalbom, Oscar L. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Smart, David A. 
Stewart, George R. 

Trumbull, Mrs. Charles L. 
Trumbull, Robert F. 

Way, Mrs. Henry J. 
Wilmarth, Donald G. 
Woodward, Arthur H. 



131 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 
[Seal] , Secretary of State. 



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

132 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois "i 

> ss. 
Cook County ) 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



133 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER, 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

134 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 
HONORARY trustees 
Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

135 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 
the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

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ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

THE AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COMMITTEES 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

137 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 

NOMINATING COMMITTEE 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

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