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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

XI E) RAFIY 

OF THL 
U N IVERSITY 
Of ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 
1949-55 



CENTRAL CIRCULATION BOOKSTACKS 

The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its renewal or its return to 
the library from which it was borrowed 
on or before the Latest Date stamped 
below. You may be charged a minimum 
fee of $75.00 for each lost book. 

TiMft, mutllotlen, and undarlining of books aro roosen* 
for disciplinary octien and may result In dismissal from 
Ifie Unlvorsity. 
TO RENEW CALL TELEPHONE CENTER, 333-S400 

UNIVERSITY Of ILLINOIS LIBRARY AT URBANA-CHAAdPAIGN 



MAY 1 i '»995 
MAY 1 5 1995 



When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date. L162 



^5 
S3 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 



1955 



Chicago Natural History Museum 



1 




WALTHER BUCHEN 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1952 
Donor and Leader of the Buchen East Africa Zoological Expedition 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to thi 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1953 




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 

19^4 THE LIBRARY OF THE 

JUN14 1954 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 



7^ 7 



Contents 



PAGE 

Former Officers 10 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1953 12 

List of Staff, 1953 13 

Report of the Director 19 

Membership 21 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 25 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Department of Anthropology 33 

Department of Botany 40 

Department of Geology 47 

Department of Zoology 52 

Library 61 

Photography and Illustration 63 

Publications and Printing 64 

Public Relations 79 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 81 

Financial Statements 85 

Attendance and Door Receipts 87 

Accessions, 1953 89 

Members of the Museum 100 

Benefactors 100 

Honorary Members 100 

Patrons 100 

Corresponding Members 101 

Contributors 101 

Corporate Members 102 

Life Members 103 

Non-Resident Life Members 104 

Associate Members 104 

Non-Resident Associate Members 118 

Sustaining Members 118 

Annual Members 118 

Articles of Incorporation 133 

Amended By-Laws 135 



Illustrations 



PAGE 

Walther Buchen frontispiece 

Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

"Dissemination of Knowledge" 18 

Albert H. Wetten, 1869-1953 22 

School Program 25 

Portable Exhibit 28 

Venezuela Expedition 31 

Higgins Flat Pueblo 35 

Stone Objects 37 

Porno Indian Village 38 

Giant Bladderwort, Venezuela 43 

Type-Photographs 45 

Edaphosaurus 48 

Nature of the Earth 51 

Painting Background 54 

Marsh Birds of Upper Nile 55 

Cranefiy in Baltic Amber 56 

Sea Otters 60 

Charles F. Millspaugh Hall 66 

Crocodilians 68 

American Tarantula 71 

A Major Maintenance Project 74 

Branch of Camphor 80 

4-H Club Delegates 82 



''THE LAST TO LEAVE" 

Photograph by Delbert E. Philpott 

Eighth Chicago International Exhibition of Nature Photography, 1953 



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icers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* . : 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr 1946-1951 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 



* Deceased 



10 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Boardman Conover,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 
1921-1931 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 
1918-1921 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 
Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 



Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 



* Deceased 



11 



Officers^ Trustees^ and Committees^ 1953 



OFFICERS 



BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES 



COMMITTEES 



Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Henry P. Isham, Second Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 



Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
Albert H. Wetten* 
John P. Wilson 



Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. 
Wetten,* Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
Henry P. Isham 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Albert B. Dick, Jr., John P. 
Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, Albert H. Wetten,* 
Henry P. Isham, Wm. McCormick Blair 

Building— Albert H. Wetten,* William H. Mitchell, 
Lester Armour, Joseph N. Field 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain, John G. Searle 

 Deceased, 1953 



12 



List of Staffs 1953 



DIRECTOR 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ANTHROPOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 



Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, Executive Assistant 



Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Curator, Sovih American Archaeology 

and Ethnology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Archaeology 
A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator, Archaeology 
Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Archaeology 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Prehistory 

Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
M. Kenneth Starr, Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and 

Ethnology 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 



Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus, Phanerogamic 

Herbarium 
Julian A. Steyermark, Curator, Phanerogamic 

Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
E. P. KiLLiP, Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
John W. Thieret, Assistant Curator, Economic Botany 
Llewelyn Williams,* Associate, Forest Products 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 



' resigned 



13 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 

(continued) 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

GEOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 



J. S. Daston, Assistant, Botany 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 
Frank Boryca, Technician 
Mathias DoNES.t Preparator 
Walter Huebner, Preparator 
Virginia Sharp,* Departmental Secretary 
M. DiANNE Maurer, Departmental Secretary 



Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H, Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 
Vertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 

R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 

Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 

Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Henry Horback, Preparator 

William D. Turnbull, Preparator 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Mary Sue Hopkins, Departmental Secretary 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Luis de la Torre, Associate, Mammals 

Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 

RuDYERD BouLTON, Research Associate, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 



t retired 
* resigned 



14 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 

(continued) 



ASSOCIATE 
EDITORS 



DEPARTMENT OF 

THE N. W. HARRIS 

PUBLIC SCHOOL 

EXTENSION 



Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, Assistant, Reptiles 

LOREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Robert Traub, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Lillian A. Ross, Associate, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Dorothy B. Foss,* Osteologist 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Waldemar Meister, Associate, Anatomy 

Laura Brodie, Assistant 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

Margaret J. Bauer, Departmental Secretary 



Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 



Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Bertha M. Parker, Research Associate 



resigned 



15 



JAMES NELSON 

AND 

ANNA LOUISE 

RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION 



THE LAYMAN 
LECTURER 



THE LIBRARY 



ACCOUNTING 



BOOK SHOP 



ADMINISTRATION 
AND RECORDS 



Miriam Wood, Chief 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Jane Monson* 
Nancy Worsham 
Edith Fleming 
DoLLA Cox 
Jean Shultz 



Paul G. Dallwig 



Administration: 

Meta p. Howell, Librarian 

Louise Boynton Denison,* Administrative Assistant 

Nancy R. Peters, Assistant to the Librarian 

Classification and Cataloguing: 

Dawn Davey 

M. Eileen Rocourt 

Reference: 

Jane F. Ross 

Audrey Greeley Rhine 

Accessions, Bindery, Stacks: 
Boris Ivanov 
George Stosius 



William A. Bender,* Auditor 

A. L. Stebbins, Auditor 

Marion K. Hoffmann, Bookkeeper 

Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



Jessie Dudley, in charge 



Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 
Lorraine Anderson, Assistant Registrar 
Forest Highland, Assistant Recorder 
Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 
Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 



* resigned 



16 



PUBLIC 

RELATIONS 

COUNSEL 



DIVISION OF 
MEMBERSHIPS 



DIVISIONS OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

AND 
ILLUSTRATION 



DIVISION OF 
MOTION PICTURES 



DIVISION OF 
PRINTING 



MAINTENANCE 



ENGINEERING 



THE GUARD 



H. B. Harte 

Christine Tardy,* Associate 

Barbara Polikoff, Assistant 



Pearle Bilinske, in charge 



John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 
Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate 
Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 



John W. Moyer,! in charge 



Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 



James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GuSTAV A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 



William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 



George Woodward, f Captain 
David Dunsmuir, Captain 

* resigned 
X on leave 
t retired 



17 




'DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE," SCULPTURE BY HENRY HERING 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 
FORMERLY FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 
ROOSEVELT ROAD AND LAKE SHORE DRIVE 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1953. 

Throughout the year the problem of financial support was upper- 
most in the minds of the Trustees and the administration of the 
Museum. A special committee, consisting of Hughston M. McBain, 
chairman, Marshall Field, Jr., Henry P. Isham, and John G. Searle, 
was appointed early in the year, and this committee, in co-operation 
with President Stanley Field, assembled necessary data and prepared 
plans that now promise a brighter financial future for this institution. 

Studies by the committee clearly established the fact that every 
reasonable effort had been made toward financing through private 
sources. In the ten years from 1943 to 1952, income from endow- 
ments had increased from $213,250 to $753,836. During the same 
time, support from tax funds had increased only from $121,642 to 
$128,478. It was immediately apparent that, while benefits to the 
public had greatly increased during the ten-year period, support by 
the public had not. The Board of Trustees was naturally reluctant 
to look to taxation for increased support, but, in view of the facts 
established, this appeared to be the proper approach toward solvency. 
An approach was made to the Chicago Park District Commissioners 
by all the museums that, under the authority of state law, are 
entitled to share in the museums' tax levied by the Park District. 

19 



As a result, the Park District Commissioners, after careful study 
and a public hearing that brought no dissenting opinion, voted an 
increase in the tax levy, which, although far below the amount 
authorized by the state legislature, will add approximately $52,000 
per year to the Museum's income beginning in 1955. It is desired 
to record here the thanks and appreciation of the Museum to the 
members of the Park District Board for their action in granting 
necessary relief while at the same time maintaining every effort to 
keep the taxation at the lowest possible level. Meanwhile, rigid 
economies in the operation of the Museum permitted some re- 
adjustment in compensation to employees late in the year. 



ATTENDANCE 

Total attendance recorded at the Museum during the year was 
1,204,855, a figure somewhat less than for the period a year ago 
but still impressive and within the range of normal attendance 
fluctuation. Of this group, only 132,198 people (slightly less than 
11 per cent) paid the regular admission fee of 25 cents and 1,072,657 
visited the Museum without charge, either coming on free days or 
being members of those groups that are admitted without charge 
at all times (see page 87 for comparative attendance statistics). 
It is essential, of course, that an educational institution of this type 
be available to all persons, regardless of their ability to pay. The 
work of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
for Public School and Children's Lectures (see page 25) continued 
as in former years to be a great drawing-card for the school children 
not only of Chicago but also of cities and rural communities in 
several surrounding states. May is the peak month of school-group 
attendance, although April and November were higher in 1953 
than in previous years. As usual, the Museum entertained the boys 
and girls who attended the National Congress of 4-H Clubs held in 
Chicago early in December. I am especially happy to report that 
the 4-H Donor Merit Award was presented to the Museum by 
G. L. Noble, Director, and Kenneth Anderson, of the National 
Committee on Boys and Girls Club Work, through the National 
4-H Club Congress. It is anticipated that the co-operation between 
the 4-H Club movement and the Museum will continue as long as 
these two organizations exist. Local organizations that used the 
Museum for their meeting place during the year included the Nature 
Camera Club of Chicago, Kennicott Club, and Illinois Audubon 
Society, which also holds its series of public lectures here. 

20 



MEMBERSHIP 

In recognition of his eminent service to science, Professor H. 0. 
Beyer, of Manila, who has won international acclaim as the out- 
standing authority on the ethnology and archaeology of the Philip- 
pine Islands, was elected an Honorary Member of the Museum by 
the Board of Trustees. This is an honor that has been accorded 
only to eight other persons in the history of the Museum (for names 
of Honorary Members see page 100) . The total number of Members 
of the Museum at the close of the year was 4,800. The number in 
each membership classification was as follows: Benefactors — 25 
Honorary Members— 9; Patrons — 15; Corresponding Members — 6 
Contributors — 186; Corporate Members — 38; Ldfe Members— 146 
Non-Resident Ldfe Members — 23; Associate Members — 2,174; Non- 
Resident Associate Members — 12; Sustaining Members — 12; Annual 
Members — 2,154. The Museum thanks its loyal Members for their 
public-spirited support of its scientific and educational work. Names 
of all Members of the Museum during 1953 are listed at the end of 
this Report under the various kinds of memberships that are offered 
by the Museum (see above). 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 

The third annual Members' Night was held at the Museum on 
Monday evening, October 5. The featured exhibit was the display 
of thirty-two magnificent colored folio prints of flowers published 
between 1798 and 1807 in London by the noted English physician 
and botanist, Robert J. Thornton. This collection, known as The 
Temple of Flora, is the most famous of all florilegia. The collection 
was lent to the Museum by one of its Members, Walter S. Ross, 
of Chicago. I desire here to record our sincere appreciation to him 
not only for the loan of the collection but also for his assistance in 
meeting costs of exhibition. A second feature was an exhibit ar- 
ranged by the Library of the Museum and the Department of Botany 
showing botanical illustration from its inception to the present 
time. The Museum is indeed fortunate to have in its own Library 
the volumes necessary to produce such an exhibit. This year no 
special entertainment was provided, so that Members could make 
the most of their opportunity to visit the scientific departments, 
laboratories, and workrooms of the Museum, which are not open 
at other times. Members of the staff were present to explain the 
work of the different departments. 

21 




ALBERT H. WETTEN 
1869-1953 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1939 

Chairman of the Building Committee 

Member of the Executive Committee and Finance Committee 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

It is with sincere personal regret that I record the death of Albert 
H. Wetten, a member of the Board of Trustees since 1939. As 
chairman of the Building Committee he had been extremely helpful 
to me on every occasion when I found it necessary to seek his aid. 
His fellow members of the Board of Trustees adopted the following 
resolution at the October meeting: 

"The Board of Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum 
wishes to express on behalf of its members their deep affection and 
admiration for Mr. Albert H. Wetten who died suddenly on Sep- 
tember 3, 1953, after an eminently successful business career of 
sixty-five years. 

"Mr. Wetten became an Associate Member of the Museum in 
1926 and in 1939 was elected a member of the Board of Trustees. 
In 1948 he was elected a Contributor. He served as a member of 
the Building Committee, the Finance Committee, and the Executive 
Committee, in each of which he served with distinction. 

"His interest in the work of the Museum was evidenced by his 
generous gift that made possible the inclusion of color plates in the 
Museum publication by Dr. Ch'eng-chao Liu, Amphibians of 
Western China, and it was characteristic of his devotion to the pur- 
poses of the Museum that he should have remembered it with a 
generous gift in his will. 

"He had a long and varied experience in real estate and finance 
upon which he drew to the great advantage of the Museum in 
helping it deal with its many financial and investment problems, 
and in addition he gave freely of his time and counsel to other 
educational, cultural, and charitable institutions, among which were 
The Newberry Library, The Children's Memorial Hospital, and St. 
Luke's Hospital. 

"The loss of his inspiration and counsel will be keenly felt by 
his associates in the Museum. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this memorial be recorded in 
the minutes of this meeting and that the Secretary send a copy to 
Mrs. T. Lloyd Kelly and to Mrs. James S. Pennington." 

For the forty-fifth consecutive time Stanley Field was elected 
president of the Board of Trustees and all officers of the Board 
were re-elected with him at the annual meeting in January. The 
officers are: Marshall Field, first vice-president; Henry P. Isham, 
second vice-president; Samuel Insull, Jr., third vice-president; 
Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, secretary; and 

23 



John R. Millar, assistant secretary. John T. Pirie, Jr., who was 
elected in December to fill the vacancy on the Board of Trustees 
caused by the death of Albert H. Wetten, was simultaneously 
elected a Corporate Member of the Museum. 

Clarence B. Randall, Trustee, and Clifford C. Gregg, Director, 
each were honored by a Freedoms Foundation Award for 1952, 
announcement of which was made on February 22, 1953, by Free- 
doms Foundation. The award to Mr. Randall was made in recog- 
nition of the excellence of his article, "FVee Enterprise Is Not a 
Hunting License," printed in the Atlantic Monthly, and the award 
to Colonel Gregg was made in recognition of the merit of an address, 
"Renewing Our Faith in Freedom," that he gave before the Young 
Men's Christian Association of Springfield, Illinois, at its annual 
retreat. (The Freedoms Foundation Award is a citation for effective 
interpretation of American institutions based on the philosophy 
of government by free men.) 



LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

Again the Museum presented the free Saturday-afternoon lectures 
that it has offered to the public every year for more than half a 
century. The lectures are provided by the Edward E. Ayer Lecture 
Foundation Fund. A total of 16,010 adults attended the lectures, 
which this year numbered seventeen, and many letters of commenda- 
tion were received at the Museum. Such letters, either critical or 
commendatory, are always welcomed as guides to the selection of 
speakers and subjects for future lectures. 



THE LAYMAN LECTURER 

The thirteenth series of Sunday-afternoon lectures by our Layman 
Lecturer, Paul G. Dallwig, was concluded in April. Demands of 
his business interests prevented him from opening his fourteenth 
season of lectures in the fall, but plans have been completed for that 
series to begin in January of 1954. A total of 2,372 people attended 
his lectures in January, March, and April of 1953. To keep his 
presentations up to date, Mr. Dallwig is continually revising his 
lectures to include new scientific information as it becomes available. 
I am pleased to express to him the sincere thanks of the Museum 
for his gift of time, energy, and effort in producing his unique 
series of lectures for Museum audiences. 

24 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation continued 
with estabHshed programs and activities for school children and 
added new ones as need arose. Established programs included 
tours for school children according to their interests and according 
to suggestions in their course of study, special school-programs 
of illustrated introductions followed by supervised study in desig- 
nated halls (39 of these programs were given, with 5,297 in attend- 
ance), and motion-picture programs on Saturday mornings in 
March, April, October, and November and also on six Thursday 
mornings in July and August. Members of the increasing number 
of summer play-groups and day camps are the greatest part of the 
summer audiences, and attendance required a second showing of 
each program. Series of "Museum Stories" (Desert Life and Life 
in the Polar Regions) were distributed free to children at the Satur- 
day-morning motion-picture programs. Extension-lecture service in 
Chicago public schools continues but is decreasing, and the emphasis 
of all Raymond Foundation activities centers in the Museum where 



Special program in the Museum for Chicago public schools consists of illustrated 
introduction, directed study in selected halls, and general discussion of the results. 




25 



the exhibit material is most usable. New types of programs resulted 
from needs of the organization of Girl Scouts in Chicago. Seven 
programs, offered as helps in nature-badge work, were given, with 
a total attendance of 580. On "Monday is Girl-Scout Day in the 
Museum" in July and August, several exhibits were marked to help 
the girls find their own answers in their nature-badge work, and a 
staff member of Raymond Foundation was on hand both morning 
and afternoon to help the girls. Eight of these programs were given, 
with a total attendance of 550. Brownie Scouts (girls of 7 through 
9 years) needed help too, and so a program was planned for them in 
October and November after the nine regular Saturday-morning 
movies. A "game" or "exploration sheet" was selected from several 
that had been prepai'ed, and then the Brownie leader took her girls 
to the exhibits to find the answers. A group of Girl Scout Museum 
Aides helped with these programs, in which a total of 1,019 Brownie 
Scouts participated. Another group of Girl Scout Museum Aides 
mounted plants in the Museum Herbarium under the supervision 
of Miss Olive Doig. Valuable and needed work has been accom- 
plished by these girls, and the Museum is grateful for their help. 

A summary of all activities of Raymond Foundation for the 
year, with attendance figures, follows: 



RAYMOND FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES 



Activities within the Museum 

For children Gr„„p3 

Tours in Museum halls 1,119 39,216 

Lectures preceding tours ... . 140 10,111 

Motion-picture programs. . . 30 21,867 



Attendance Groups Attendance 



Total 1,288 71,386 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 380 6,990 



Total 380 6,990 

Extension Activities 

Chicago public schools 

Elementary schools 44 15,827 

Total 44 15,827 



Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 1,712 94,203 

26 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

Twenty new exhibits of macroscopic fungi grouped according to 
mode of spore-production were prepared in the workshops of the 
Department of the N. W. Harris Pubhc School Extension during 
the year by Albert J. Franzen, Preparator, and installed in portable 
cases for use in schools. These exhibits duplicated a set of five 
prepared in 1950 that had been tested for their effectiveness as 
visual aids through the co-operation of Research Associate Bertha 
M. Parker, science teacher at the Laboratory School of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. A habitat exhibit of the red fox was also completed 
during the year, bringing the total of new exhibits to twenty-one. 

The Harris Extension prepares and maintains museum exhibits 
mounted in standard portable cases to be used in classrooms to 
supplement the teaching of science and social studies in the schools 
of Chicago. Two trucks operated by the department take the ex- 
hibits to schools according to a planned system of regular rotation 
during the school months whereby every two weeks each school 
receives on loan two exhibits that are exchanged two weeks later. 
Seventeen exchanges are made during the school year, and the order 
of circulation to elementary schools is so planned that no school 
receives the same exhibits twice during the eight years any one 
child is in attendance. Circulation during the year of portable ex- 
hibits functioned normally according to established procedure. 

Because of the growing importance of science in the school 
curriculum and the well-known meagerness of equipment for science- 
teaching in elementary schools, we have recognized more fully our 
part in fostering in the school children of Chicago greater under- 
standing of natural history. We have tried, therefore, to prepare 
exhibits that would be meaningful to the city child and have made 
every effort to keep the exhibits in repair. During the year work- 
shop repairs were necessary on 384 of the 1,000-odd exhibit cases 
circulated by the department. Most of these repairs were made 
during the months when circulation was halted for summer vacation 
and the drivers were in the Museum. At this time, too, the rack 
room in the Museum was rearranged to permit orderly filing of the 
newer exhibits. 

In the past, circulation of exhibits has been extended to private 
and denominational schools as well as to public schools and to 
public-service institutions that have demonstrated a need for the 
exhibit material. But because of the mounting school-population 
and the consequent establishment of new public schools in Chicago, 
we have found it necessary to establish rather rigid controls regarding 

27 






This is one of twenty new portable exhibits of types of fungi circulated among 
Chicago schools by the Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. 



acceptance for service of instititions other than public schools. In 
spite of these controls the department has been severely strained in 
maintaining an adequate supply of exhibits to fill its obligations. 
At the end of the year the circulation list totaled 517, an increase 
of 7 over December of the year before. Forty-eight requests for 
specific exhibits and for study-kit material that can be handled 
directly by the students were received (as in other years, the material 
most in demand was birdskins). In filling these requests, 30 stand- 
ard exhibits and 865 bird, mammal, and rock specimens were sent 
out on special loans. 

There were several short field trips to wooded areas round about 
Chicago for collecting plant material accessory to the exhibits under 
preparation. Some small mammals, amphibians, and birds that 
were also brought in from these trips have been prepared and stored 
for installation in exhibits until the services of an artist for painting 
habitat backgrounds are available to the department. 

28 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

A bequest of $50,000 was received by the Museum from the late 
Thomas J. Dee, of Chicago, for the purpose of estabHshing the 
Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund, and the will of the late Albert H. 
Wetten, Trustee of the Museum, provided $7,500. S. C. Johnson 
and Son, Incorporated, Racine, Wisconsin, again gave $4,000 for 
research on wax-bearing palms; Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, Lansing, 
Michigan, added $4,350 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleonto- 
logical Fund; and Miss Margaret B. Conover, Chicago, added $1,100 
to the Conover Game-Bird Fund, which was established by her 
brother, the late Boardman Conover, a Trustee of the Museum and 
Research Associate in the Division of Birds. Stanley Field, Presi- 
dent of the Museum, gave an additional $8,000 for the endowment 
of the Museum; Sewell L. Avery, Trustee, gave $10,000; Enterprise 
Paint Manufacturing Company, Chicago, gave $1,000; Hannifin 
Corporation, Chicago, gave $1,000; and $434.45 was received from 
the estate of Mrs. Abby K. Babcock. Gifts of money in memory 
of Albert H. Wetten were made by Wm. McCormick Blair, Stanley 
Field, Clifford C. Gregg, Arthur Rubloff, and Mrs. Roderick S. 
Webster, Other gifts of money were received from Allport Chari- 
table Trust, Atlas-Boxmakers Incorporated, Wm. McCormick Blair, 
Miss Frances J. Carter, Peder A. Christensen, C. Suydam Cutting, 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., William W. Judd, National Society of Colonial 
Dames of America (Illinois), Joseph H. Optner, Clarence B. Randall, 
John G. Searle, and Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, and there was even a gift 
of ten cents from Bobby Melville. 

Gifts of materials are listed at the end of this Report and under 
the headings of the scientific departments (see page 89). Donors 
who have given to the Museum $1,000 to $100,000 in money or 
materials are elected Contributors by the Board of Trustees (see 
page 101 for names of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1953 
are: Thomas J. Dee, posthumously elected (in recognition of his 
bequest listed above); Dr. Alfred E. Emerson, Chicago (gift of an 
important collection of termites); and Langdon Pearse, Winnetka, 
Illinois (gift of a collection of valuable books) . 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help 
during the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates 
and Associates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of 
this Report. Other volunteers are: Stanley Auerbach, Miss Holly 
R. Bennett, David Benson, Earl A. Cross, Tom Dolan, Richard 
Duffey, Miss Ruth Griswold, E. D. Hester, David Kistner, Miss 
Holly Merki, Harry G. Nelson, Edward Sella, and Ronald Ward. 

29 



STAFF OF THE MUSEUM 

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Traub, of the Medical Service Corps of 
the United States Army, was elected Research Associate in the 
Division of Insects by the Board of Trustees, who also elected 
Clarence B. Mitchell, of Chicago, Research Associate in Photog- 
raphy. Dr. Waldemar Meister, of Chicago, was appointed Associate 
in Anatomy and Archie F. Wilson, of Flossmoor, Associate in Wood 
Anatomy. In October M. Kenneth Starr was appointed Curator of 
Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology to fill a place long vacant in the 
Department of Anthropology, and John W. Thieret was appointed 
Assistant Curator of Economic Botany. Other appointments during 
the year were: Miss Lorraine Anderson, Assistant Registrar; Forest 
Highland, Assistant Recorder; Miss Mary Sue Hopkins, Secretary, 
Department of Geology; Walter Huebner, Preparator, Department 
of Botany; Miss M. Dianne Maurer, Secretary, Department of 
Botany; Mrs. Nancy R. Peters, Assistant to the Librarian; Mrs. 
Barbara Polikoff, Assistant, Division of Public Relations; Miss 
Jane F. Ross and George Stosius, Assistant Librarians; and Mrs. 
Jean Shultz, Guide-Lecturer, Raymond Foundation. 

A. L. Stebbins, who was Assistant Auditor and has been a mem- 
ber of the staff since 1931, was appointed Auditor of the Museum 
to succeed William A. Bender, who resigned. Other resignations 
were: Mrs. Louise Boynton Denison, Assistant Librarian; Mrs. 
Dorothy B. Foss, Osteologist, Department of Zoology; Mrs. Jane 
Monson, Guide-Lecturer, Raymond Foundation; Miss Virginia 
Sharp, Secretary, Department of Botany; Miss Christine Tardy, 
Associate Public Relations Counsel; and Llewelyn Williams, Asso- 
ciate, Department of Botany. Mathias Dones, Preparator in the 
Department of Botany for many years, retired in January. George 
Woodward, Captain of the Guard, who joined the guard force in 
1939, retired on September 30, and David Dunsmuir, member of 
the guard force since 1944, was appointed Captain of the Guard. 



PENSIONERS 

It is with deep regret that I record the death on October 2 of 
John Emil Liljeblad, former Assistant Curator of Insects, who was 
in the service of the Museum for twenty-five years before his retire- 
ment in 1940, and the death on November 30 of Alfred Cleveland 
Weed, retired Curator of Fishes, who joined the staff in 1921 and had 
charge of the Division of Fishes for twenty-one years. 

30 



SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

The special exhibit for Members' Night of prints from Thornton's 
folio The Temple of Flora, lent by Walter S. Ross, of Chicago, and 
the supplementary display of botanical books from the Library of 
the Museum (see page 21) remained on exhibition in Stanley Field 
Hall until the end of October. Publication in April of Birds of 
Mexico, A Guide for Field Identification (see page 78), written by 
one member of the Museum's staff and illustrated by another (see 
1952 Report, page 51), was chosen as the occasion for a special 
exhibit, arranged in co-operation with the University of Chicago 
Press, to show how such a book is made. Other special exhibits 
during the year were fifty photographs by Dr. Justine Cordwell, 
anthropologist, showing life and art of Nigeria; fifty photographs by 
Cyrus Townsend Brady, Jr., of New York, part of an exhibit of 
Australasian native arts; twenty-nine paintings in tempera by Ber- 
nard and Harriet Pertchick, of New York, of flowering trees of the 
Carribean, sponsored by Alcoa Steamship Company; drawings made 



Loss of plant specimens from excessive tropical moisture was prevented by use of 
special drying equipment at base camp of the botanical expedition to Venezuela. 




31 



in this Museum by students in the Junior School and Day School 
of the Art Institute of Chicago; Third Annual Amateur Handcrafted 
Gem and Jewelry Competitive Exhibition, sponsored by the Chicago 
Lapidary Club; and Eighth Chicago International Exhibition of 
Nature Photography, held as an annual event under the auspices 
of the Nature Camera Club of Chicago and the Museum. 



MUSEUM EXPEDITIONS 

The Museum conducted seventeen expeditions and field trips in 
1953. Their work is described in this Report under the headings 
of the scientific departments. Expeditions and field trips of 1953 
and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
dition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator) 

Department of Botany — Cuba Botanical Expedition (Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus); Southeastern States Botanical Field 
Trip (Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits); Venezuela Botanical Expe- 
dition (Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic 
Herbarium of the Museum) 

Department of Geology — Mexico Geological Field Trip (Dr. 
Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator); Paleobotanical Field Trips to the 
Braidwood-Wilmington (Illinois) Area (George Langford, Curator 
of Fossil Plants); Paleontological Field Trips in the Chicago Area 
(Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates); Wyo- 
ming Paleontological Expedition (Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator) 

Department of Zoology — European Study Trip (Dr. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Chief Curator); Mexico Zoological Field Trip (Emmet R. 
Blake, Associate Curator of Birds); Midwest Zoological Field Work 
(Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects) ; Northwest Zoological 
Field Trip (Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates); Peru 
Zoological Expedition, 1953-5U (Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant 
Taxidermist) ; Philippines Study Trip (Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator 
of Birds); United States Navy Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, 
Egypt, 19^9 — (Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal, Museum repre- 
sentative); West Coast Zoological Field Trip (Clifford H. Pope, 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles); West Indies Zoological 
Expedition (Donald Erdman) 

32 



Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The Southwest Archaeological Expedition of the Museum under 
the direction of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator, assisted by Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, spent four 
months in New Mexico digging in a thirty-room Mogollon Indian 
pueblo built about a.d. 1200. This pueblo, named Higgins Flat 
Site, is located a few miles northwest of Reserve, county seat of 
Catron County. Fourteen of the thirty rooms were completely 
excavated, a job that entailed moving from each room about ten 
to fifteen tons of rocks and a ton or so of dirt — the rocks were parts 
of collapsed walls and the dirt was wind-blown dust that had ac- 
cumulated during the centuries since the pueblo was abandoned. 

At various times since 1939 we have conducted researches on 
the life and culture of the Mogollon Indians, who lived in Pine 
Lawn Valley, New Mexico, from about 2500 B.C. to A.D. 1300, but 
most of our digging has been done in pit-houses (semisubterranean 
dwellings) . During the 1953 season, however, our work was confined 
entirely to the Higgins Flat Pueblo (or village), which was entirely 
a surface dwelling — that is, the walls were erected on top of the 
ground and the floors of the first-story rooms were not depressed 
but were at ground level. We believe that a portion of this pueblo 
was two stories high. The masonry was not so finished as that found 
in some of the large pueblos in Chaco Canyon, but it may be ranked 
as good. The exterior walls were a composite of laminated slabs 
and shaped blocks of tuff (for the outer face) and of random rubble 
packed in mud (for the inner faces). The partition walls of the 
interior, usually thin and not so carefully laid up, were field stones 
or rubble laid in thick layers of mud mortar. 

Our excavations demonstrated that this village (or clan apart- 
ment house) was the home of a dynamic, spirited, progressive 
people. Every room that was uncovered showed unmistakable 
signs of change, enlargement, redesigning, and alteration. Old walls 
had been torn out and new ones erected; partitions had been moved 
to provide greater or smaller space or storage space. Original 
floors, including appurtenances such as firepits and grinding bins, 
had been completely covered or re-covered by a thick superimposed 
layer of adobe plaster. In some rooms we found the original floor 
with two more above it. Nor had the building been completed in 
one operation. From a close study of the bonds and abutments at 

33 



the corners of the masonry walls and from a study of the ages of 
the pottery-types found in the various rooms we can state with a 
high degree of probability that the pueblo first consisted of a nucleus 
of six rooms and that as the clan increased in size and there were 
more children, aunts, uncles, grandmothers, and grandfathers to 
house, more rooms were added. The size of the rooms indicates 
that the people were not niggardly in outlook but tended to have a 
bountiful attitude, for most of the rooms were of generous dimen- 
sions (10 feet by 14 feet to 18 feet by 26 feet). 

One of the rooms that was added in late times may have been 
used for religious purposes because it contained fewer domestic 
objects and yielded a tiponi of stone (symbol of an ear of corn). 
In another room we found five ceremonial objects on the floor near 
the firepit. These objects, well-carved from tuff (volcanic ash- 
stone), are two animal effigies, both of which are equipped with 
small receptacles for offerings (?) of turquoise and corn meal, a tu- 
bular tobacco pipe (7 inches long), a dish, and a disk about 8 inches 
in diameter, all of them gaily painted with mineral paints in stripes 
of four colors — black, red, yellow, and green. The disk may represent 
a sun-symbol and the colors may have indicated the cardinal points. 
The use of these objects is problematical, but from our knowledge 
of modern near-by Indians (Zuni) we guess that they played an 
important ritualistic role in ceremonies having to do with hunting, 
good crops, rain, and general prosperity. Undoubtedly these para- 
phernalia were of undescribable sanctity and are a rare find. 

One architectural feature is of special interest. We found that 
several of the inner rooms had been supplied with enough fresh air 
to keep the fires going by means of special masonry-lined ducts 
(10 inches by 12 inches) that ran under the floors of the rooms. 
The flow of fresh air, which was brought from an outside aperture 
through the ducts and introduced into the inner room at floor level, 
was induced by the building of a fire. 

Under the floors of several rooms we found fourteen skeletons, 
carefully buried and in many instances provided with tools, orna- 
ments, and dishes for use in the life hereafter. The ages of these 
individuals at the time of death ranged from one year to thirty 
years, but most of the burials are of individuals who were less than 
five years old at death. It seems probable that careful interment 
and mortuary offerings of clothing, jewelry, food, pottery, and the 
like were provided because ideas concerning a spiritual life had de- 
veloped. Furthermore, in all our digging experience we have rarely 
encountered infant burials so liberally endowed with material ob- 
jects for use in the spirit world. 

34 




Higgins Flat Pueblo, western New Mexico, excavated by Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition in 1953, is shown in this photograph taken from plane of L. H. Keys. 



The Mogollon Indian bill of fare of the 13th century was varied 
and nutritious. The staple crops were corn, beans, and squashes, 
and these were supplemented by several wild foods such as yucca 
pods, walnuts, pinyon nuts, sunflower seeds, pigweed, amaranthus, 
wild grapes, tansy mustard, and prickly-pear-cactus fruit. Not 
content with the corn of his grandfathers, the Mogollon Indian 
constantly selected and bred strains better suited to this environ- 
ment. Varieties were sought that were resistant to drought and 
would hybridize with the older local varieties. We know from our 
previous research in the area that these Indian farmers were re- 
sponsible, in part at least, for a continuous improvement in the size 
of the ear and of the kernels and in a reduction of the number of 
kernel-rows. For example, at about the beginning of the Christian 

35 



Era, the cobs were short (about 2 inches long) and the number of 
kernel-rows was predominantly 10, 12, and 14. By A.D. 1300, the 
ears of corn were longer and fatter and the predominant number 
of kernel-rows was 8. This makes for more food per ear. 

The site on which we worked this season spans the property of 
two ranches owned repectively by Owen McCarty and Ray Hudson. 
Lester H. Keys, M.D., made his airplane available and with the 
assistance of James Barter took photographs from aloft. The 
expedition returned with an excellent collection of materials that 
will aid in piecing together the culture of the Mogollon Indians of 
New Mexico in the 13th century. The collection includes about 
seventy whole or restorable pots, bits of charred matting and san- 
dals, charred corn, beans, and squashes, implements of bone and 
stone, ornaments of shell and turquoise, and ceremonial objects. 
Some of these materials will be used for exhibition purposes and the 
remainder for study and exchange. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
collaborated with Chief Curator Martin in the preparation of a 
detailed report on the excavations during the summer of 1952 of 
caves and cliff -dwellings in western New Mexico. From his strati- 
graphic and statistical analysis of the stone, bone, and clay artifacts 
recovered from these caves he concluded that projectile-point and 
grinding-tool types are useful as horizon markers in this area. He 
also prepared a section on methods of excavation for the report and 
directed preparation of maps and illustrations. From June to Sep- 
tember he supervised excavation for the Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition and, after his return from the field, began a study of 
the sequence in which the rooms were built in the prehistoric village 
excavated during the summer and started an analysis of the stone, 
bone, and clay artifacts collected there. From time to time he did 
research in Southwestern Indian ethnology and archaeology for the 
revision and installation of exhibits in Hall 7 (Ancient and Modern 
Indians of the Southwestern United States). 

Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, completed the illustrations for his report on excavations 
in 1946 in Viru Valley by the Archaeological Expedition to Peru 
and finished revision of the manuscript. He collaborated with Dr. 
A. L. Kj-oeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology, on a 
study of the Museum's Nazca collection from the south coast of 
Peru and also worked on a general study of the development of 
civilization in Peru. He continued to assist Dr. Willard F. Libby, 
of the Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, in 
selecting archaeological samples for radiocarbon dating. 

36 




Five painted stone objects of great sanctity were found in Higgins Flat Pueblo: 
two animal effigies (above), a tubular tobacco pipe, a sun-symbol disk, and a dish. 



During the first part of the year Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant 
in Archaeology, analyzed cordage, sandals, and textile fragments 
from Cosper Cliff Dwelling, Hinkle Park Cliff Dwelling, and 
Block Cave, New Mexico, results of which study are included in the 
final report by Martin and Rinaldo on the sites excavated in 1952 
(to be published in 1954), and continued study of ceramic and lithic 
material from the Sawmill Site, a Mogollon village with large rec- 
tangular kiva excavated by the Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
ditions of 1951 and 1952. For a period of ten weekends in the sum- 
mer she and David J. Wenner, Jr., of the Earth Science Club of 
Northern Illinois, directed the excavation of a late prehistoric In- 
dian village near Thornton, Illinois. A digging crew of volunteers 
and members of the club undertook the project to salvage as much 
information as could be recovered from the site, which will be de- 
stroyed by a new highway. After it is studied, material recovered 
from the excavation will be given to the Museum and to the De- 
partment of Anthropology and Sociology of the University of Illinois. 
During the year she reorganized the photographs in thirty albums 
and completed a cross-reference index for them. 



M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, joined the staff in mid-October. In addition to familiarizing 
himself with the materials in the Asiatic collections, he has begun 
to direct his energies toward four salient aspects of his duties: (1) 
planning for the complete renovation of the exhibits on East Asia, 
(2) expanding and rounding the Asiatic collections, (3) selectively 
adding to the Museum's library of writings on the anthropology of 
the Far East, and (4) continuing his research on the Chou period 
(traditionally 1122-256 B.C.) of China, research that involves the 
study of a portion of the Museum's collections. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, continued research in 
North American ethnology and archaeology for the exhibition pro- 
gram. He completed a report on Paleo-Indians and paleogeography 
and continued research on Paleo-Indians in the Great Lakes and 



Diorama of Pomo Indian village in California shows men making reed boat and fish 
trap while squaws prepare acorn meal (Hall 6, Indians of Western North America). 




38 



Mississippi Valley regions. For the exhibition program it was 
necessary to reorganize the reference collections in several store- 
rooms, to strip cases formerly on exhibition, and to make inventories 
of reference collections and of specimens placed on exhibition. This 
work was carried out by Phillip Lewis, assistant, until the latter 
part of March and by Whitney Halstead, assistant, for the rest of 
of the year under the supervision of Curator of Exhibits Quimby. 



Accessions— Anthropology 

Whole or nearly whole pottery vessels from any archaeological site 
are seldom found, and pottery vessels of any kind from the extinct 
Mogollon culture are singularly uncommon. Therefore, when about 
seventy whole or restorable vessels were found in an ancient Mogol- 
lon village in New Mexico, it was an occasion for rejoicing. These 
pots, dating from about A.D. 1200, include not only utility or cooking 
jars but also painted and decorated types, such as black-on-whites, 
black-on-reds, and polychromes. From deserted rooms, from graves, 
and from garbage dumps tools of bone and stone, objects of baked 
clay, charred textiles, and garden products were recovered. A most 
remarkable find on the floor of a room consists of five painted 
stone objects that undoubtedly were used in religious performances 
concerned with prosperity of the town (see pages 34 and 37). 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator of Exhibits Quimby nineteen new 
exhibits and twenty-three reinstallations were completed during the 
year by Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist, Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist, 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator, and John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer. 
Fourteen of the new exhibits (including two miniature dioramas) 
were added to Hall 6 (Indian Tribes of Western North America), 
thus completing the California section as well as the hall itself, 
which contains fifty- two exhibits and is divided into three parts: 
Indians of the Plains, Intermountain tribes that show Plains in- 
fluence, and Pomo Indians of California. In George T. and^iancee^' 
Gaylord Hall (Hall 24, Ancient Chinese Civilization) sixteen exhibits 
were reinstalled on green backgrounds. Revision of Hall 7 (Ancient 
and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States) was begun 
with reinstallation of seven exhibits and creation of five new ones. 
This hall will consist of four divisions. 

39 



Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, in residence at the Escuela Agricola Panamericana near 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras, devoted his time to identification of speci- 
mens collected by various contributors, work on an annotated 
check list of plants of Honduras to be published by the Honduran 
government, and preparation of several papers on Honduran plants 
that were printed in Ceiha, the scientific journal issued by the 
Escuela (see page 77). J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian 
Botany, spent his full time preparing another part of his Flora of 
Peru, including a number of families following the Theaceae. Dr. 
Hugh C. Cutler, former Curator of Economic Botany and presently 
a staff member of Missouri Botanical Garden, continued his archaeo- 
logical explorations in the Southwest with the aid of a grant from 
the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
prepared a series of papers on various dicotyledonous plants of the 
Hawaiian Islands and on certain composites of Mexico and south- 
eastern Africa (see page 77) . Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, former Curator 
of Colombian Botany, continued his studies on the flora of Colombia 
with the aid of a grant from the National Science Foundation. 
Several papers based mainly on his own collections and on specimens 
received on loan from various herbaria were published during the 
year (see page 76). 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus of Botany, continued his 
research on palms, particularly of the genus Copernicia, which 
includes the well-known wax palms of northeastern Brazil and the 
less-known one of El Chaco, with two or three other less-important 
species of South America, while all others of its thirty-odd species 
are confined to the island of Cuba or growing almost within sight 
of its shores on the Isle of Pines and in Haiti. To gain knowledge 
of plants of this kind, of which only small fragments can be pre- 
served well in any standard herbarium, extensive studies in the 
field as well as in the laboratory and herbarium are required. With 
the aid of funds provided by S. C. Johnson and Son, Incorporated, 
the Curator Emeritus spent two months in Cuba, accompanied by 
John W. Thieret (see page 43), and brought back to the Museum 
considerable material, notes, and photographs. Thanks to the 
kindness of L. W. Hansen of Camagiiey and of Dr. Ian D. Clement, 

40 



director of Atkins Garden and Laboratory of Harvard University 
at Soledad, seeds from palms marked in the spring were received 
from various local collectors and forwarded to the Museum. Some 
of these were germinated and grown in hydroponic solutions for 
seedling stages and cytological studies. During the latter part of 
the year large and excellent collections of Paraguayan palms col- 
lected by Dr. K. S. Markley, Dr. E. S. McLoud, and E. D. Kitzke 
were received from the S. C. Johnson Company. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator, continued his study of living 
and fossil cycads and cycadeoids and wrote two invitation papers 
advocating the preparation of generic sjmopses of the entire plant 
kingdom. One paper was written as an introductory essay to a 
symposium on "Plant Genera" sponsored by the American Society 
of Plant Taxonomists and the other for a conference called by the 
National Research Council on "The Importance and Needs of Sys- 
tematics in Biology" (see page 76). 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, left the United States on March 7 from New Orleans for 
an expedition to Chimanta-tepui, an unexplored mountain in the 
"Lost World" of Venezuela, and returned to the Museum in August. 
During the first month and a half he was accompanied by a 
young naturalist, Charles Griffin, who collected animals of various 
groups for the Museum. The expedition first approached Chimanta- 
tepui from the western side by way of the Rio Apacara and Rio 
Abacapa and spent a month penetrating this section, but, because 
the Indians insisted on returning to their homes at the end of a 
month, it was not possible to continue the exploration of this part 
of the mountain to the highest portion of the summit where the 
most unusual species are found. Starting on May 4, the expedition 
approached the same mountain from the south by way of the Rio 
Aparur^n and Rio Tirica and, after nearly two weeks of arduous 
canoe travel over perilous rapids, reached the first camp site. From 
this base camp, at 3,000 feet above sea level, collecting continued 
for the rest of the time at various levels of Chimanta-tepui up to 
its summit, which was gained after weeks of difficult climbing and 
trail-making through an elfin forest over aerial roots and branches 
of low-growing trees and shrubs. Several camp sites were estab- 
lished between the base camp and the summit camp at 8,200 feet. 
A large camp was also made at the base of the bluffs at 500 feet on 
a spur leading to another section of the mountain. 

The flora varies at each level — the degree of endemism and species 
new to science increases with the elevation, and the majority of 
species found on the summit are entirely unknown to science. 

41 



Many species of plants found at the base of the bluffs did not occur 
on the dissected plateaus of the summit. The lower and upper 
shoulders of the plateau also differ strikingly in contrasting vegeta- 
tion, and fantastic forms of plant life, such as have not been seen 
anywhere, were photographed and adequately collected in series of 
duplicates. A number of genera new to science were found here. 
Conspicuous elements of the flora were: peculiar pitcher plants 
(Heliamphora); giant purple bladderworts (Utricularia humboldtii), 
with flowers the size of sweet peas, growing as epiphytes in the water- 
filled bases of the giant bromeliad Brocchinia tatei; peculiar species 
of the fern Pterozonium; the endemic bromeliad genera, Navia, 
Brocchinia, and Connellia; century-plant-like Aholboda sceptrum with 
needle-tipped rosettes of silvery dagger-shaped leaves; several species 
of the endemic ericaceous Tepuia; many strange species of the 
yellow-flowered Stegolepis and Rapatea; restricted forms of melas- 
tomes; rubiacs; woody members of the gentian family; many kinds 
of pipeworts (Eriocaulaceae) ; yellow stargrasses (Xyris) ; Ilex; Podo- 
carpus; Drimys; and Magnolia; as well as numerous species of 
orchids and ferns and many peculiar genera of Compositae. 

A total of 1,500 numbers amounting to 10,000 specimens of 
plants was collected. So much time was required to reach the 
summit that it was possible to devote only one week to collecting on 
the summit itself, and, because the mountain is very extensive and 
has many ramifications in its 50-by-40-mile areal surface, only an 
estimated one-thousandth of its summit-area could be investigated. 
It is hoped that a more intensive exploration of the weird summit 
flora can be made while the trails leading to the summit are still 
intact. Dr. Bassett Maguire and Dr. John Wurdack of New York 
Botanical Garden explored a section of the Acopan-tepui portion of 
the Chimanta Massif on the east about the same time that Curator 
Steyermark carried on his explorations from the west and south. 
The collections will be combined and the whole series studied as a 
joint project of New York Botanical Garden and Chicago Natural 
History Museum. The novelties resulting from these expeditions 
will be published in a joint report. 

After returning to the Museum, Curator Steyermark devoted 
his time to determinations of South American, Central American, 
and Mexican collections and continued to revise the manuscript of 
several parts of Flora of Guatemala (Standley and Steyermark). 
As a result of the study of collections that he made in Venezuela 
during 1943-45, the third part of Contributions to the Flora of Vene- 
zuela (Steyermark and collaborators), which contains descriptions 
and illustrations of new species of the families Ericaceae through 

42 




A giant purple bladderwort growing as an epiphyte in the water-filled base of a 
giant bromeliad was photographed in Venezuela by Curator Julian A. Steyermark. 



Compositae, was published by the Museum in December. The 
fourth part of this work, a report on species and genera new to 
Venezuela, together with critical comments on range extensions and 
ecological notes of the regions visited, is in press. 

In September the second part of Orchids of Guatemala by the 
late Professor Oakes Ames (director of the Botanical Museum of 
Harvard University, 1935-50) and Dr. Donovan Stewart Correll 
(United States Department of Agriculture, formerly research asso- 
ciate at the Botanical Museum of Harvard University) was pub- 
lished by the Museum. Profusely illustrated. Part 2 contains de- 
scriptions and accounts of sixty genera and their species as repre- 
sented in Guatemala. The bound edition offered for sale to orchid 
lovers and horticulturists has been very well received. 

In the early part of the year John W. Thieret, Chicago Natural 
History Museum Fellow, Department of Botany, University of 
Chicago, continued his investigation of seed and fruit morphology, 
particularly of the Scrophulariaceae, and prepared his dissertation 
under the direction of Chief Curator Just. Following his appoint- 

43 



ment as Assistant Curator of Economic Botany in October, he began 
a revision of the family Scrophulariaceae as represented in Central 
America. In addition he spent considerable time in reorganizing 
the Museum's wood collection, which now contains about 41,000 
specimens. Mrs. Ann Bigelow, assisted by Robert Yule, completed 
the labeling of approximately 11,000 specimens (including duplicates) 
and finished work on the collection of woods of the United States 
from the College of Forestry of the State University of New York 
and the identified numbers of the Williams and Krukoff collections 
of South American woods. In addition, she packed in readiness 
for sale or exchange over 5,000 duplicate wood-specimens. A large 
collection of samples of Ecuadorean trees was cut into standard-size 
wood-specimens by Walter Huebner, Preparator. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 
identified numerous algae and did research, with William A. Daily 
of the herbarium of Butler University, on the classification of micro- 
scopic algae. Dr. Hanford Tiffany and Donald Richards, Research 
Associates in Cryptogamic Botany, continued their studies of Oedo- 
goniaceae and mosses, respectively. Dr. E. P. Killip, Research 
Associate in Phanerogamic Botany, spent some time working on 
the algae of the Isle of Pines and the Florida keys. Dr. Rolf Singer, 
Guggenheim Fellow, pursued his research on tropical American 
fungi in the cryptogamic herbarium during the period from January 
to May. During the summer, W. Jan Newhouse of the University 
of Hawaii studied the Myxophyceae of the Society Islands, and Dr. 
Chester S. Nielsen and Dr. Grace C. Madsen of Florida State 
University studied the algae of Florida. Miss Linda Newton of 
the British Museum (Natural History), Mrs. Fay K. Daily of 
Butler University, and Miss Margaret E. Barr of the University of 
Vancouver each spent a week or more at the Museum in research 
on various groups of cryptogams. 

Since 1947 Joshua Daston, Assistant in Botany, has duplicated 
some 25,000 negatives of the type-photograph collection housed in 
the Museum. Far larger than any similar collection, the type- 
photograph collection of the Museum contains at present 41,943 
catalogued negatives of type or historical specimens of tropical 
American plants deposited in the major herbaria of Europe. Pre- 
pared before World War II during a ten-year period under the 
supervision of J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, 
the negatives were made on nitrate-base film. Unfortunately a 
number of these negatives showed signs of deterioration, and there- 
fore constituted a fire hazard. Their great scientific value made it 
desirable to convert the entire collection from nitrate-base film to 

44 




Deteriorated negatives of type-photographs are being replaced by restored negatives 
through the skillful work Joshua Daston, Assistant in Botany (see opposite page). 



modern safety-base film. The results obtained by Assistant Daston 
through skillful use of special physical and chemical methods and 
processes are phenomenal (see the accompanying illustration). 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits, left early in the summer with 
his son Edward on a four-week collecting trip to Tennessee and 
North Carolina. The last two weeks in June were productively 
spent in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the vicinity 
of Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Working facilities at park headquarters 
were made available through the courtesy of Edward A. Hummel, 
park superintendent. Arthur Stupka, park naturalist, gave valuable 
assistance that saved Curator Sella considerable time and effort in 
locating and collecting the desired material, leafy branches needed 
for reproductions to supplement exhibits. Taking advantage of the 
abundant flowering period of June, some additional specimens were 
also collected, among them flowering branches of purple rhododen- 
dron and mountain camellia (Stewartia). The second half of the 
trip centered in Chapel Hill at the University of North Carolina, 
where ideal laboratory facilities were offered by Dr. J. N. Couch 
and generous aid was given by Dr. H. L. Totten. 

45 



Accessions— Botany 

The largest gifts this year to the phanerogamic herbarium include 
2,545 plant specimens from the Chicago area. Major collections of 
plants acquired through exchange came from Cuba (1,270), Haiti 
(438), Honduras (326), Africa (362), Japan (400), and Mexico (134). 
The 10,000 specimens gathered in 1953 through the Museum's 
botanical expedition to Venezuela represent the largest single col- 
lection added to the phanerogamic herbarium. Notable accessions 
of the cryptogamic herbarium were 2,739 algae of the Hansgirg 
Collection (gift) and 378 miscellaneous algae (exchange), chiefly 
Romanian, from the Natural History Museum in Vienna and 2,500 
fungi of Michigan purchased from Dr. Rolf Singer, of Nebraska 
Wesleyan University (see page 44), with the funds provided by 
Research Associate Richards. During the year 3,268 plants were 
mounted in the phanerogamic herbarium. Poisoning and mounting 
was done by Miss Olive Doig, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, Miss Maruja 
Kalinowski, and Nils Siegbahn. Mrs. Effie M. Schugman and Miss 
Alice Middleton mounted plants in the cryptogamic herbarium. 



Exhibits— Botany 

Continuous progress is being made in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall 
(North American Woods, Hall 26). During the year eight leafy 
branches were completed and added to the exhibits. Of these, the 
models of sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), pecan (Carya pecan), 
osage orange (Madura pomifera), and chestnut (Castanea dentata) 
were assembled by Artist-Preparator Samuel H. Grove, Jr., and the 
branch of ironwood (Ostrya virginiana) and restoration of shortleaf 
pine (Pinus echinata) by Curator of Exhibits Sella. Technician 
Frank Boryca assembled the models of sweet birch (Betula lenta) 
and willow oak (Quercus phellos) and prepared the necessary foliage 
for the entire group. The two important installations in Martin A. 
and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life) were reproductions of 
a branch of camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) in the fruiting stage, 
which was added to the Laurel family exhibit, and a branch of 
silver-bell in flower (Halesia diptera), a member of the Storax family, 
prepared, respectively, by Artist-Preparator Grove and Curator 
Sella. In the Hall of Food Plants (Hall 25) rearranged installations 
were made of exhibits of some important small grains, including 
wheat, oats, rice, barley, and rye. In this, Curator Sella was assisted 
by Preparator Huebner, who also reinstalled the transparencies. 

46 



Department of Geology 



Research and Expeditions 

As reported previously, Bryan Patterson, CuraU.r of Fossil Mam- 
mals, spent 1952 and the early part of 1953 in Argentina studying 
type and other specimens of fossil mammals in collections there. 
For the opportunity to carry out this work thanks are given to the 
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and to the authori- 
ties of Argentine museums, especially the Museo Argentino de 
Ciencias Naturales and the Museo de la Ciudad Eva Peron (formerly 
La Plata). While in Argentina, Curator Patterson prepared two 
papers on fossil mammals, both published in 1953 (see page 77), 
and others, some in collaboration with Jorge L. Kraghevich of 
the Museo Argentino, are in preparation. Since his return he has 
continued working on these and on completing other studies laid 
aside during his absence. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, continued his 
researches on the vertebrate fauna of the Selma formation of Ala- 
bama, and the results of his studies on the turtles of the family 
Protostegidae and Toxochelyidae were published by the Museum 
during the year. He also completed a paper, "Die Oligocaenen 
Meerschildkroten von Glarus," to be published early in 1954 in 
Abhandlungen der Schweizerischen Palaeontologischen Gesellschaft. 
His current studies, in co-operation with Preparator William D. 
Turnbull, include a restudy of the Miocene sea-turtle Procalpochelys 
grandaeva and the genus Catapleura. Another sea-turtle from the 
Mooreville Chalk of Alabama is also a subject of his present studies 
and continuing research. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, continued his 
work on Devonian fishes, of which the Museum now possesses an 
excellent collection as the result of the field work that he has been 
conducting during the past several years. His paper on Heterostraci 
from the Early Devonian of northern Utah was published during 
the year by the Museum. An opportunity to extend his studies 
and collecting farther afield was afforded by the award of a John 
Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship for 1953 and 
1954. During 1953 he worked in Norway and Sweden, comparing 
North American Devonian material with the unrivaled collections 
in museums there, and he will devote the first half of 1954 to study 
and field work in the British Isles. He had planned field work at 
Beartooth Butte, Wyoming — the outcome of a favorable reconnais- 

47 



sance made there in 1949 — but his departure for Europe prevented 
his taking part. In his absence the project was ably carried out by 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils, assisted by Preparator 
Turnbull and Mrs. Priscilla F. Turnbull, Assistant in Fossil Verte- 
brates. The work of integrating the collections of fossil vertebrates 
from the University of Chicago into those of the Museum was con- 
tinued by Mrs. Turnbull, who systematically arranged the Cre- 
taceous, Eocene, most of the Oligocene, and the Pleistocene mam- 
mals and also gave attention to the fossil turtles and fishes. Al- 
though taking proper care of the collection is routine, this work 
facilitates both research and exhibition and thus forms the valued 
background for success in the varied activities of the Museum, par- 
ticularly those connected with research and exhibition. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, has added several 
new forms of Pennsylvanian plants to the monograph on Pennsyl- 
vanian flora that he has been preparing for the past few years. 
During the field season he collected from the Pennsylvanian deposits, 
west of Wilmington, Illinois, a number of specimens showing large 



One of the few known skeletons of the spectacular reptile Edaphosaurus is now 
exhibited in Ernest R. Graham Hall, with illustrations (on wall of case) showing 
suggestions by paleontologists of the probable function of its weird back-spines. 




48 



stem-scars hitherto known as Caulopteris and Megaphyton. He 
beheves that he has secured evidence to conclude, at least for the 
time being, that they are not scars of branches or stems of fronds 
but that they represent nut-like fruits growing directly out of the 
stem, and he will seek further confirmatory evidence during the field 
season in 1954. He also collected a large number of plant specimens 
from the Upper Cretaceous and Lower Eocene clays of Tennessee 
and Mississippi. These specimens, being embedded in friable clay, 
necessitate careful preparation for their permanent preservation, 
and a great deal of his time was devoted to the task. 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, 
continued his studies of Coal Age insects from the strip mines of 
Will and Grundy counties, Illinois, and completed a manuscript on 
them in which several new species were described. His studies 
were based on specimens collected by staff members of the Depart- 
ment of Geology and on specimens borrowed from other collections. 
In connection with his studies of the Coal Age fauna of that area 
he prepared manuscripts on the general occurrence and paleoecology 
of the fossils, on a new form of marine worm, and on some prob- 
lematical spirally grooved fossils. Currently he is working on a 
species of amphineuran mollusk ("sea-mouse") and a rare giant 
arthropod from the same deposits. His interest in the invertebrate 
fauna of Will and Grundy counties led him to several brief collecting 
trips to the strip mines during the field season. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator, devoted much of his time to 
supervisory work and to writing descriptive labels in connection 
with the reinstallation of the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). 
Early in the year he studied the post-eruptive stage of the volcano 
Paricutin in Mexico and collected in and around the crater a number 
of specimens that could not have been collected while the volcano 
was active. While in Mexico he went through various areas in 
which silver, opal, and onyx mines are located. He continued his 
studies of meteorites and spent three weeks at the United States 
National Museum seeking data relating to various problems that 
had arisen in the course of his work. A paper on fresh-water lime- 
stone from the Torola Valley of northeastern El Salvador, prepared 
by him in collaboration with Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic 
Geology, was published by the Museum. It is also to be published 
in Spanish early in 1954 by the Instituto Tropical de Investigaciones 
Cientificas, San Salvador. The material upon which the paper is 
based was collected by Chief Curator Roy in 1951 during his stay 
in El Salvador as the Museum's representative for research in 
geology at the Tropical Institute. 

49 



In the geochemical laboratory, Curator Wyant worked on the 
separation of schribersite and cohenite by chemical methods in 
several iron meteorites and made a statistical correlation of trace 
elements in sedimentary rocks that have undergone metasomatism. 
In connection with a paper on chondrules (see page 73) he examined 
the thin sections of chondritic meteorites in the collection of the 
Museum, prepared about one hundred color microphotographs of 
various types of chondrules, and, as comparative material, photo- 
graphed a number of spherulitic forms in obsidian and natural glass. 
Late in September he visited the United States National Museum, 
where he conferred with Dr. E. P. Henderson on problems of 
meteorites and meteorite analyses. 



Accessions— Geology 

A portion of the skeleton of an American mastodon found near 
Michigan City, Indiana, was presented by Ernest Delco, Mrs. D. L. 
Casey gave a fine skull and jaws of Eporeodon from the John Day 
formation of Oregon, and an excellent specimen of the uncommon 
Pennsylvanian amphibian Phlegothontia was found and presented by 
the Turnbulls. Of special importance to the current studies of 
Curator Richardson are the gifts of five rare fossil insects from the 
Pennsylvanian of Illinois, one each from George Langford, Jr., 
Charles A. Ross, the Turnbulls, Jon Whitfield, and Mrs. Robert H. 
Whitfield. The largest number of specimens added to the study- 
collection during the year^265 fossil invertebrates from various lo- 
calities—came from the collections of Dr. John H. Britts (deceased), 
of Clinton, Missouri. E. E. Schneider presented a hand specimen 
of blue opaline quartz porphyry and several small crystals from 
Texas, and a double strand seed-pearl necklace was the gift of 
Mrs. Marion Rubens, of Chicago. 



Exhibits— Geology 

Nine new exhibits were completed and installed in the new Hall 
of Physical Geology (Hall 34), bringing the number of exhibits now 
on display to eighteen. When completed, the hall will contain 
thirty-seven exhibits. All efforts are being made to present the 
subject-matter to the public and to students of geology in as lucid 
and attractive a manner as possible. When specimens seemed in- 
adequate to explain fully a certain conception, appropriate illustra- 

50 



tive materials were painted directly on the wall of the exhibition 
case as a substitute or as a supplement with excellent results. 
Participating in the program, as before, are Harry E. Changnon, 
Curator of Exhibits, Miss Maidi Wiebe, Artist, and Henry Horback 
and Henry U. Taylor, Preparators. Chief Curator Roy acted in a 
supervisory capacity and wrote the descriptive labels. The skeleton 
of the reptile Edaphosaurus was remounted by Chief Preparator 
Gilpin and Preparator Stanley Kuczek and placed in Ernest R. 
Graham Hall (Hall 38, Fossil Vertebrates). This carried to a suc- 
cessful conclusion the reinstallation of the magnificent series of 
Permian amphibian and reptile skeletons included in the gift of fossil 
vertebrates received from the University of Chicago in 1947. Work 
has now been resumed on dinosaurs and other reptiles that were laid 
aside in 1948 when the program of remounting the Permian skele- 
tons was begun (typical case for these is shown on page 48). 



This is one of nine new exhibits placed in the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). 

NATURE OF THE EARTH 

SHAPE, OUTER ZONES AND SURFACE RELIEF 



r*CT« ABOUT THe CA9TH 



.V..^"^ °^ ^«f * 




THE aiunc or TMC CikKTM 



ATMOSPHERE 




51 



Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

In intervals of time salvaged from his administrative duties, Chief 
Curator Karl P. Schmidt continued his long-term studies of American 
coral snakes and the herpetological fauna of southwestern Asia and 
prepared two historical essays, "A Century of Studies in Herpe- 
tology, 1850-1950," and "A Century of Studies in Animal Ge- 
ography, 1850-1950," to be published in a centennary volume by 
the California Academy of Sciences. He made a two-week recon- 
naissance of Israel, where, with the active aid of colleagues at the 
Hebrew University in Jerusalem, the Biological Institute in Tel 
Aviv, and of the Teachers Seminary near Haifa, he was able to visit 
nearly all parts of the country, to see the several distinctive environ- 
mental provinces, and to see living specimens of Palestinian snakes 
and lizards long known to him from preserved material. 

Research in the Division of Mammals has been varied and 
almost world-wide. Curator Colin Campbell Sanborn continued 
his special studies of bats and completed reports on small collections 
of mammals from the Philippines, French Equatorial Africa, Vene- 
zuela, Peru, and Arabia. Assistant Curator Philip Hershkovitz 
has undertaken revisions of five genera of South American rodents 
and is engaged also on a reclassification of New World deer. The 
Peru Zoological Expedition, 1953-54, of which Celestino Kalinowski, 
Assistant Taxidermist, is in charge, left in March to make general 
collections of vertebrates in south-central Peru and reports satis- 
factory results at the end of the year. Dominick Villa, Tanner, 
continued his effective care of skins of large mammals and the 
preparation or reconditioning of smaller specimens, with the aid of 
Assistant Taxidermist Kalinowski before his departure for Peru. 

In the Division of Birds the studies of Curator Austin L. Rand 
on Philippine birds were crystallized in a check list of birds of the 
archipelago, which was completed at the end of the year, and other 
studies of North American, Central American, African, and Asiatic 
birds have resulted in manuscripts in press. In addition he revised 
the manuscript by Dr. V. G. L. van Someren on habits of East 
African birds for publication by the Museum. The manuscript of 
"Handbook of Birds of El Salvador," prepared by Curator Rand 
(who in 1951 was the Museum's representative in zoology at the 
Instituto Tropical de Investigaciones Cientificas in San Salvador) 
and Research Associate Melvin A, Traylor, Jr., was translated into 

52 



Spanish by the Tropical Institute for pubHcation by the Institute. 
At the end of the year Curator Rand was in the PhiHppines collecting 
and studying birds with Field Associate D. S. Rabor. Associate 
Curator Emmet R. Blake continued his study of neotropical birds, 
with special reference to Mexican fauna and to Panamanian, Colom- 
bian, and Bolivian collections, and completed the bibliographic 
work for the revision of the American jays, blackbirds and allies, 
and vireos to be published as sections of Peters' Check-List of Birds 
of the World by Harvard University Press. In May he began a 
three-month field-survey of Mexican bird-life and, with his own 
field guide. Birds of Mexico, in hand (see page 78), devoted special 
attention to problems of distribution, ecological association, and 
field identification. The departmental carry-all, which provided a 
mobile base and effective transportation, enabled him to visit twenty- 
six of the thirty-one Mexican states and all but five of the eighteen 
recognized biotic provinces, leaving out only the Yucatan and 
Lower California peninsulas. This journey was, in effect, a recon- 
naissance of Mexico of great importance to future studies by Ameri- 
can ornithologists. Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, who continued 
her volunteer aid, worked several days each month identifying birds 
in collections from Borneo. 

Curator Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
continued his study of amphibians and reptiles of Mexico and of 
salamanders of western North America. He engaged in field studies 
and collecting in northwestern Mexico, California, and Oregon early 
in the year and in July took a six-month leave of absence to work 
on his book on reptiles of the world. Hymen Marx, Assistant, 
completed a study of the snake genus W alter innesia, described a 
new Colombian species of the remarkable worm snake Anomalepis, 
and did bibliographic work for the study-collection of frogs of the 
Belgian Congo (received from Pares Nacionaux du Congo Beige). 
He engaged in studies of Bornean reptiles with Robert F. Inger, 
Assistant Curator of Fishes, and on crocodilians with Dr. Frederick 
J. Medem, Guggenheim Fellow who, as guest-scholar at the Museum, 
is studying his own material together with that of the Division of 
Amphibians and Reptiles (Dr. Medem is Professor ad honorem of 
the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional, Bogata, 
Colombia). Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant, continued her study of 
the autumn aggregation of blue racers in the Indiana dunes. Stanley 
Rand, of DePauw University, who served as temporary assistant to 
Chief Curator Schmidt during the summer, worked on problems of 
Central American herpetology. He had made a collection of am- 
phibians and reptiles in El Salvador in 1951. 

53 




The panoramic background on the curved wall behind the specimens in the habitat 
group of Upper Nile marsh birds was painted by Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator, 
from a scale-painting made from kodachromes that were taken in the field (Hall 20). 



In the Division of Fishes Curator Loren P. Woods continued 
his investigation of the fish fauna of the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent 
Caribbean waters in regard to geographic and ecological distribution 
and taxonomy, with particular attention to the little-studied pelagic 
fishes. He completed a revision of the Western Atlantic fishes of 
the genus Eques. Assistant Curator Inger continued his studies of 
Bornean fishes and completed papers for publication on the genera 
Plesiops and Brachygohius. Study of feeding habits of fishes in 
tropical streams, begun last year by Inger, was advanced by the aid 
of Thomas E. Moore and Richard B. Selander, entomologists from 
Illinois Natural History Survey. In connection with this project 
the fishes of a local stream are being investigated. Mrs. Marion 
Grey, Associate, completed her check list of the deep-sea fishes 
found below one thousand fathoms and her revision of the fish 
family Gempylidae. The West Indies Zoological Expedition, under 
direction of Donald Erdman (formerly of the Division of Insects, 
United States National Museum), made an excellent collection of 
specimens from the coasts of Panama, Costa Rica, Jamaica, and 
Haiti that are essential to Curator Woods's studies of fauna of the 
Gulf of Mexico and Panama. Dr. Edward M. Nelson, of Stritch 
School of Medicine, Loyola University, has been studying the 
anatomy of the swim bladder and inner ear of fishes. 

54 




Three crowned cranes and a whalc'headed stork dominate the exhibit in Hall 20 of 
marsh birds of the Upper Nile collected by the Buchen Expedition to East Africa 
(scene is on the Upper Victoria Nile where it broadens into marshy Lake Kyoga). 



In the Division of Insects effective support of all branches of 
work was given by Curator Emeritus William J. Gerhard, whose 
meticulous care of the pamphlet collection has made this a useful 
tool of research for the staff and for visiting entomologists (his 
principal work has been with transfer of the Strecker Collection of 
moths and butterflies to steel-case storage trays). Dr. Charles H. 
Seevers, Research Associate, has largely completed revision of his 
manuscript on the termitophilous staphylinid beetles of the world, 
to which large additions were made by the study of specimens in 
the Bernhauer Collection, purchased in 1951. He contributed about 
fifty days to the integration of this material into our collections 
and by the end of the year had transferred to unit trays more than 
90,000 specimens (about 11,000 species), adding Bernhauer Collec- 
tion pin labels to each specimen and reorganizing the collection in 
new drawers and cabinets. It is expected that there will be about 
2,000 more described species and perhaps 1,000 undescribed ones in 
the remaining part of this collection. It is hoped that the transfer 
may be completed in 1954. Curator Rupert L. Wenzel spent two 
weeks at eastern museums studying types of beetles of the family 
Histeridae. Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas, who was engaged 
mainly in collecting and labeling the minute beetles of the family 
Ptiliidae and preparing specimens for future study, made field trips 

55 




This cranefly (enlarged 5 times) is from the collection of insects in Baltic amber 
acquired by the Museum (note perfect preservation of details of wing venation). 



to the Kankakee dunes area (where a large series of an undescribed 
scarab beetle was obtained), Lake Superior region of Upper Michi- 
gan, Great Smoky Mountains, and Louisiana and Mississippi. 
August Ziemer, Assistant, continued throughout the year his work 
of preparing insect specimens. Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate, 
continued her studies of local and exotic spiders and, in addition, 
experimented with photographic and exhibition techniques for the 
study of spiderwebs. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates there has been a con- 
tinuing flow of specimens of land and fresh-water mollusks from 
South America from various sources. Their identification and study 
by Curator Fritz Haas has led to the description of numerous new 
species. During August and September he made a field trip to the 
Pacific Coast, working especially at the Pacific Biological Station 
at Nanaimo, on Vancouver Island, and in the redwood region of 
the northern part of California. 

56 



The major research of the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy again 
centered on the giant panda and related carnivores. The major 
problem during the year was formulation of a system for evaluating 
morphological data that will give an insight into the mechanism 
whereby structures of use to the organism are produced in evolution. 
This involves developing a distinctive approach to comparative 
anatomy, using the giant panda as a test case for new ideas and 
methods. Curator D. D wight Davis continued his work on a report 
on the mammals collected by the Borneo Zoological Expedition of 
1951, the scope of which work was extended to include new material 
received during the year. Study of the placenta and fetal mem- 
branes of the white shrew of Borneo by Curator Davis and Dr. 
Waldemar Meister, Associate, was completed during the year. 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator in the Department of Geology, 
continued his study of adaptive radiation in the masticatory mus- 
culature of mammals, which is of extreme importance to an under- 
standing of the bony framework by means of which the muscles 
operate. Dr. R. M. Strong, Research Associate, continued his 
studies of the anatomy of birds and salamanders. Mrs. Dorothy 
B. Foss, Osteologist, prepared skeletons for the reference collection 
throughout the year, work of interdepartmental value. 

Curator Davis engaged also in natural-history studies in the 
local field and, with the aid of Miss Harriet Smith, of Raymond 
Foundation, and Assistant Brodie, made a connected sequence of 
motion pictures to be used by Raymond Foundation to introduce 
children to the animal life of the Chicago region. He prepared, in 
addition, a 400-foot motion picture (in color) reviewing the biology 
of the lizards known as chameleons, animals that are remarkable 
for their specialized adaptations to feeding and locomotion. The 
specimens for this film were received at the Museum by air-express 
from Madagascar. Miss Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist in the De- 
partment of Zoology, prepared drawings of coral snakes, fish larvae 
and fish skulls, and beetles, all for publication in papers by members 
of the staff of the department. 



Accessions— Zoology 

The purchase of the A. F. Kohlman Collection of insects in Baltic 
amber amounting to 2,500 specimens is a unique event in the history 
of the Museum. The collection, obtained from F. E. Trinklein, 
science teacher at Lutheran High School, Racine, Wisconsin, is the 
second most important collection of these fossils in the New World, 

57 



the largest being in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard 
University. Among fossil animals, these ancient insects of about 
thirty-five million years ago are unique in the perfection of their 
preservation, which makes it possible to assign them with great 
accuracy in the system of classification and to relate them to modern 
forms. Thus they are highly significant in studies of the evolution 
and of the zoogeography of living insects. The world-wide collection 
of termites, presented by Dr. Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate 
in the Division of Insects, contains approximately 6,500 specimens 
of 552 species, about 175 of which are represented by type material. 
The importance to research of such a collection, assembled by the 
leading authority on the group, is emphasized by the fact that this 
collection ranks as the fourth or fifth most comprehensive collection 
of termites in the world. A collection of 80 specimens of crocodilians, 
which includes one type and 20 paratypes of a new form discovered 
in Colombia, was presented by Dr. Frederick J. Medem (see page 53). 
Chief Curator Schmidt has long been interested in this group of 
animals and by personal efforts in Central America, South America, 
New Guinea, and the Philippines has built up the Museum's study 
collection. The gift of the Medem material thus makes the Mu- 
seum's collection of crocodiles, caimans, and alligators one of the 
richest in the world. Dr. Harald Sioli, of Belem, Brazil, presented, 
as in previous years, interesting fresh-water mollusks from regions 
never before visited by a collector. The generous gift of mammals, 
birdskins, reptiles, and amphibians from Field Associate Harry 
Hoogstraal, who is stationed in Cairo, Egypt, includes the first 
considerable lot of mammals from Turkey to be received by any 
museum in the United States. 

One of the programs of the Division of Insects most profitable 
in scientific results is informal and intradepartmental. This is the 
program, participated in by the vertebrate zoologists, of collecting 
the ectoparasites of birds, mammals, and reptiles while on ex- 
peditions. The staff of the Division of Mammals has been notably 
co-operative, and as a result of their efforts we have acquired a 
large number of lice, fleas, parasitic batflies, mites, and ticks, many 
of them rare or new. We feel that this co-operation is of particular 
importance, because our field personnel are frequently in a position 
to collect in areas that are relatively inaccessible or that have re- 
strictions on collecting that bar the non-museum naturalist. Fur- 
ther, the entomologist who is interested in the study of these ecto- 
parasites rarely has the training, facilities, or opportunities (unless 
he is associated with a public-health organization) that are necessary 
to collect, preserve, and identify the hosts and parasites. Hence 

58 



the collecting of these parasites by Museum zoologists not only 
helps make known many forms that are of great biological interest 
(frequently of potential medical importance, as well) that would 
otherwise remain unknown for many years but also insures preserva- 
tion of the host animal for future verification of its identity, a 
matter of primary concern in parasitology. 



Exhibits— Zoology 

The original plan of Hall 20 (Habitat Groups of Birds) called for an 
exhibit showing the Upper Nile with the characteristic marsh-birds 
of its vast papyrus-covered lake shores and swamps. This plan at 
last has been realized, largely because of the active interest of 
Walther Buchen, Trustee of the Museum, whose expedition to the 
Lake Kyoga region of East Africa was reported in 1952 (see Annual 
Report, page 30). The Nile marsh-bird exhibit fully realizes the 
function of a museum habitat-group — life-like representation of 
an important natural habitat with an aggregation of animals in 
natural association. Taxidermist Ronald J. Lambert made a film 
showing stages in construction and installation of the exhibit in the 
Museum, which supplements the film-record made in the field by 
Mr. Buchen of collecting the birds and accessories. Thus the Mu- 
seum has for the first time the invaluable record from start to finish 
of one of its most characteristic operations, the making of a habitat 
group. In addition to his work on the Nile group Carl W. Cotton, 
Taxidermist, made progress on panels for the synoptic exhibits. 

The habitat group of sea otters in an Aleutian setting was 
completed early in the year and installed in the Hall of Marine 
Mammals (Hall N). Specimens for this group (a male, female, and 
pup), obtained by Curator Sanborn in 1952 through co-operation of 
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, were mounted and ac- 
cessories prepared by Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder, with back- 
ground by Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator, and L. L. Pray (formerly 
of the Museum staff). Preparation of the habitat group of Malay 
tapirs by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters was well advanced at the 
end of the year, as was work on artificial vegetation and background 
in the alcove in William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17, Asiatic Mammals) 
where the tapirs are to be exhibited. Taxidermist Lambert rein- 
stalled four exhibits in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, 
Amphibians, and Insects), and a fresh mold and color notes of the 
remarkable tuatara were made possible by a fresh specimen of this 
lizard-like reptile of New Zealand that was received from the Chicago 

59 



Zoological Society. Two new models of fishes (dolphin and pointed- 
tailed sunfish) were completed by Taxidermist Wonder for Hall 0. 
An exhibit to illustrate the biology of the marsupials and mono- 
tremes, being prepared by Artist Joseph B. Krstolich and other 
members of the staff, was in an advanced stage at the end of the 
year. This work represents the initiation of a program of greatest 
importance to Hall 15 (Mammals in Systematic Arrangement) — 
preparation of anatomical models, mounted specimens, maps, and 
other materials to show what is interesting and important about the 
animals in the hall and to explain the meaning of their classification. 
This major project, which involves the comparative anatomy of 
mammals, is under the supervision of Curator Davis. 



A family group of rare northern sea otters from the Aleutians is shown in Hall N. 




60 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

In order that the Library of the Museum may fulfill its primary 
function of serving members of the Museum staff and other research 
workers adequately, its policy of acquisition has been carefully 
planned so that a comprehensive representation of scientific litera- 
ture in the natural sciences may be provided. During the past year 
many desiderata were obtained (see a selected list on page 97). 

The Museum gratefully acknowledges gifts of books, pamphlets, 
and periodicals presented by individuals and by institutions. We 
are especially grateful to Langdon Pearse of Winnetka, Illinois, for 
his outstanding contribution of books on botany and zoology, to 
the Container Corporation of America for its excellent publication 
World Geo-Graphic Atlas, to the Chicago Historical Society for 
Conchology, or the Natural History of Shells by George Perry, and 
to John Crerar Library for co-operation in contributing to the Mu- 
seum Library the Concilium Bibliographicum covering the natural 
sciences. The extremely comprehensive work. Photomicrographs of 
Meteoric Irons (volumes 8 and 9), so generously contributed by 
Stuart H. Perry, is of inestimable value to the geology division of 
the Library. We are equally indebted to other donors (see page 97) 
for their genuine interest in the Library as shown by their gifts. 

A total of 1,872 volumes was added to the collection by purchase, 
gift, and exchange. The number of volumes withdrawn under re- 
classification totaled 466, including duplicates and books not needed 
by the Library. Some of this material was exchanged for wanted 
items or sold and the proceeds added to the annual book-budget. 
During the year the Library concluded the sale (through competitive 
bids) of duplicate volumes from the collection of ornithological 
literature bequeathed to the Library by the late Boardman Conover, 
Trustee of the Museum and Research Associate in the Division of 
Birds, and added the proceeds to the Conover Game-Bird Fund. 

The re-establishment of the Division of Asiatic Archaeology and 
Ethnology brings with it new demands on the Library's resources. 
Arrangements have been made with sources in Hong Kong for Chi- 
nese publications, Japanese publications are already being received 
by purchase and through exchange, and, if there is further need for 
Asiatic publications, additional sources may have to be discovered. 
The important work of cataloguing the vast collection of Orientalia, 
bequeathed to the Library by the late Dr. Berthold Laufer, has 
been held in abeyance because of the urgency of first completing 
the reclassification of the Library's main collection according to the 
Library of Congress system and because Library of Congress cards 

61 



for books in the Chinese and Japanese languages have not been 
available. The question of standardizing the cataloguing of such 
publications has been referred by the Library of Congress to the 
Division of Cataloguing and Classification of the American Library 
Association, and it is hoped that printed cards will be available by 
the time that the work of classifying this entire collection is under- 
taken. Classification of selected material from the Laufer bequest 
will be performed concurrently, during the coming year, with the 
regular reclassification. Assistance in this difficult task has been 
assured the Library by M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic 
Archaeology and Ethnology, who has kindly offered to work in 
close co-operation on this project with the cataloguing department. 

During the year 4,709 volumes were classified and 18,650 cards 
were added to the catalogue, which brings the total number of 
volumes under the Library of Congress classification to 40,993. The 
new card-catalogue is represented by the inclusion of 104,015 cards. 
In addition, monographs during the year were covered by 1,547 
analytics. Inasmuch as reclassification is performed concurrently 
with cataloguing and classification of incoming material, it is esti- 
mated that the program of reclassification may reach completion in 
another five to seven years. 

Work in the preparation of material for binding has gone well. 
The major portion of the collection in the Library consists of serial 
publications, which, in fact, make up the most important part of 
the collections of any research library because they serve to dissemi- 
nate important and timely information rapidly. Much of the data 
in periodical literature is continued in subsequent issues and so 
serials should be kept together in bound volumes. However, before 
such material is sent to a commercial bindery, many mechanical 
steps are necessary. In our Library, where the bulk of material to 
be bound consists of serials in foreign languages, the instruction 
slips accompanying each volume must be carefully prepared. All 
volumes are examined to determine that no pages are missing or 
mutilated. If title pages, tables of contents, and indexes are lacking, 
they are acquired from the publisher, and decision must be made 
whether supplements are to be bound in as paged or at the end of 
the volume. The bindery is furnished with proper instructions for 
panel positions and form of essential information to be printed on 
the spines of the volumes, and, in order to maintain uniformity for 
serial publications, color charts are kept. The fact that not one 
volume in the entire lot prepared for binding during this past year 
has been returned for correction has reduced the cost of binding 
considerably. During the year 1,478 volumes were bound. 

62 



Records in the reading room show the actual use of 2,908 volumes 
as specifically requested by Museum patrons. The many telephone 
calls recieved weekly from outside the building by the reference 
librarian indicate recognition of the Library's research facilities and 
show the importance of this service. Many inquiries, both from 
outside the Museum and from patrons visiting the Library, require 
assiduous research. One hundred and seventy-seven pieces of cor- 
respondence were received in the Library for translation into English. 
The service of interlibrary loans continues to occupy a consider- 
able portion of the Library's program. During the year, 110 vol- 
umes were borrowed and 128 lent. Substitution of microfilm and 
photostats for material difficult to obtain was increased because 
this eliminated reloaning and reborrowing needed material. The 
Museum gratefully acknowledges the courtesy and co-operation of 
all libraries participating in this service. The Library continues to 
be engaged with the Division of Publications in a review of all 
agreements for exchange of publications made before 1947 with other 
institutions or individuals in order to bring the lists of publications 
exchanged up to date. Important new agreements are being estab- 
lished at home and abroad so that timely data covering the develop- 
ments and results of scientific progress in the Museum's areas of 
interest may be provided. 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

During the year Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator, worked into 
an entirely new field. With the assistance of Leon L. Pray, who 
had recently retired from the staff of the Museum, he prepared 
backgrounds for the sea-otter exhibit and for the splendid Nile 
marsh-bird group and made a beginning on the background for the 
exhibit of Malay tapirs, which should be completed next year (see 
page 59). In the regular routine of his work he prepared illustrations 
for Curator Donald Collier's report on the Viru Valley of Peru, for 
Curator Bryan Patterson's study on early Cretaceous mammals, 
and for two series of "Museum Stories" by members of Raymond 
Foundation. In addition, of course, were the usual requirements 
for maps, labels, and various other illustrations. Increased demands 
on the Division of Photography were reflected in the total of 21,395 
negatives, prints, enlargements, and lantern slides prepared during 
the year. The growing need of publishers of textbooks and other 
reference works for good illustrative material is being met through 
the facilities of the Museum. 

63 



PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

A total of 21,763 publications of the Museum was sent to other 
scientific institutions during the year in exchange for their publica- 
tions, and fifteen new agreements for exchange were established 
(see page 63). Sales of publications were the highest in the history 
of the Museum, fifteen per cent greater than the previous year. 
The number of publications sold was 49,641. 

The Museum printed during the year twenty-three publications 
in its scientific series, two (one reprint) in its popular series, one in 
its memoirs series, one in its technical series, one annual report, 
and one index to volumes. The total number of copies printed was 
39,515, of which 38,615 copies were printed by letterpress, with a 
total of 1,248 pages of type composition, and 900 copies were printed 
by the Vari-type-offset process, with a total of 230 pages of Vari- 
type composition. Twelve numbers of Chicago Natural History 
Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 6,050 copies an issue. 
Other work by letterpress included posters, price lists, lecture 
schedules. Museum labels, post cards. Museum stationery, and 
specimen tags, totaling 882,199 impressions. Two series of "Museum 
Stories" and miscellaneous work by the Vari-type-offset process 
totaled 596,384 impressions. 

The following publications were issued by Chicago Natural 
History Museum during 1953: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 37, 118 pages, 28 illustra- 
tions (reprint) 

RowELL, Alfred Lee 

A New Method of Making Foliage for Miniature Dioramas, Fieldiana : Tech- 
nique, no. 7, 9 pages, 5 illustrations 

Thompson, J. Eric S. 

The Civilization of the Mayas, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 25, 
98 pages, 37 illustrations 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Ames, Oakes, and Donovan Stewart Correll 

Orchids of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 26, no. 2, 432 pages, 
91 illustrations 

Steyermark, Julian A., and Collaborators 

Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 28, no. 3, 
230 pages, 51 illustrations 

64 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Denison, Robert H. 

Early Devonian Fishes from Utah, Part II, Heterostraci, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 11, no. 7, 67 pages, 24 illustrations 

McGrew, Paul 0. 

A New and Primitive Early Oligocene Horse from Trans-Pecos Texas, 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 15, 5 pages, 1 illustration 

Roy, Sharat Kumar, and Robert Kriss Wyant 

Fresh-water Limestone from the Torola Valley, Northeastern El Salvador, 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 16, 19 pages, 15 illustrations 

Zangerl, Rainer 

The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part III, The 
Turtles of the Family Protostegidae. Part IV, The Turtles of the Family 
Toxochelyidae, Fieldiana: Geology Memoirs, vol. 3, nos. 3 and 4, 249 pages, 
4 plates, 43 illustrations 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Baisas, Francisco E., and Pablo Feliciano 

Philippine Zoological Expedition, 191t6-19It7, Notes on Philippine Mosquitoes, 
XIII, Four New Species of Zeugnomyia and Topmyia, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 33, no. 3, 21 pages, 5 illustrations 

Blake, Emmet R. 

A Colombian Race of Tinamus osgoodi, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 18, 
2 pages 

Davis, D. Dwight 

Behavior of the Lizard Corythophanes cristatus, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 35, 
no. 1, 14 pages, 10 illustrations 

Haas, Fritz 

Mollusks from Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 20, 7 pages, 4 illustrations 

Inger, Robert F. 

A New Fish from North Borneo, Genus Tetraodon, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 11, 4 pages, 1 illustration 

Marx, Hymen 

A New Worm Snake from Colombia, Genus Anomalepis, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 17, 2 pages 

The Elapid Genus of Snakes, Walterinnesia, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 
no. 16, 8 pages, 4 illustrations 

Mbister, Waldemar, and D. Dwight Davis 

Placentation of a Primitive Insectivore, Echinosorex gymnura, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 35, no. 2, 30 pages, 24 illustrations (1 two-color) 

Rand, Austin L. 

A New Barbet from French Indo-China, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 21, 
2 pages 

Notes on Flycatchers of Genv^ Batis, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 10, 
16 pages 

Rand, Austin L., and Robert L. Fleming 

A New Fruit Pigeon from Nepal, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 19, 2 pages 

65 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, and Harry Hoogstraal 

Some Mammals of Yemen and Their Ectoparasites, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 23, 24 pages 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Amphibians and Reptiles of Yemen, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 24, 

9 pages, 1 illustration 

A Visit to Karewa Island, Home of the Tuatara, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 

no. 12, 12 pages, 4 illustrations 

Hemprich's Coral Snake, Micrurus hemprichi, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 

no. 13, 6 pages, 2 illustrations 

The Amazonian Coral Snake, Micrurus spixi, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 

no. 14, 10 pages, 3 illustrations 

SoLEM, Alan 

Marine and Fresh-water Mollusks of the Solomon Islands, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 22, 15 pages 

Trapido, Harold 

A New Frog from Panama, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 15, 7 pages, 
2 illustrations 



ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATIONS 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1952, 138 pages, 
22 illustrations 



This view of the exhibition cases in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall shows branches 
of various species that are being added to the exhibits of North American trees. 




66 



CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

Research projects in which the Museum has been co-operating with 
other scientific institutions include a wide variety of activities. 
Some of them, undertaken in co-operation with museums and uni- 
versities throughout the world, are mentioned in the reports of our 
scientific departments. Also, the ever-increasing importance of the 
Museum's scientific collections is clearly indicated by the increasing 
number of notable scholars who come here from all over the world 
for study (see reports of the scientific departments for names of 
some of them). The imposing lists of visitors to the Department 
of Botany and the Department of Zoology, particularly, emphasize 
the fact that the important collections assembled by the great 
museums of the world are in every sense study-collections and not 
merely material in storage. 

Prince Akihito of Japan was an honored visitor at the Museum 
during his stay in Chicago on his recent tour of the United States. 
Dr. Bruno Molajoli, Director of Fine Arts for the District of Cam- 
pania, Italy, and Mrs. Molajoli spent a day at the Museum in sur- 
veying the exhibits and in conferring with members of the staff. 
Miss Katharine Bartlett visited the Museum to study the methods 
of organizing and classifying books in our Library in preparation 
for a new library at the Museum of Northern Arizona. George B. 
Thompson, Keeper of the Division of Ethnography, Belfast Mu- 
nicipal Museum and Art Gallery, Belfast, Ireland, who was in the 
United States on a Fulbright Fellowship, came to Chicago for the 
sole purpose of studying our museum and exhibition techniques in 
anthropology and spent four months here that were very profitable 
to us as well as to him. Professor H. Stiibel, of Erlangen University 
in Bavaria, Germany, student of non-Chinese peoples of China who 
also was here on a Fulbright Fellowship, spent several months in 
intensive study of our collections and of material in our Library. 
Among others who used the anthropological study-collections were 
John C. Ewers, United States National Museum; Dr. Jorge Lines, 
University of Costa Rica; Donald Marshall, Peabody Museum; 
and Dr. George K. Newmann, Indiana University. 

Botanists from other institutions who visited the Museum for 
consultation or study include Professor J. Lanjouw, Utrecht, Nether- 
lands; Dr. Karl Rechinger, Natural History Museum, Vienna; Dr. 
Amar Joshi, Jullundur, India; Dr. John D. Dwyer, St. Louis Uni- 
versity; Dr. Charles Thom, Port Jefferson, New York; Dr. George 
H. Coons, United States Department of Agriculture; Dr. Chester A. 
Arnold, Dr. Rogers McVaugh, and Dr. Warren H. Wagner, Uni- 

67 




Dr. Frederick J. Medem, from Colombia, studies South American crocodilians in 
the Museum laboratories (Hymen Marx, Assistant, Division of Reptiles, at right). 



versity of Michigan; Dr. Pedro S. Coronado, University of San 
Marco, Lima, Peru; Dr. and Mrs. Louis O. Williams, Escuela 
Agricola Panamericana, Tegucigalpa, Honduras; Felix McBryde, 
United States Bureau of Census; Dr. Leonard R. Wilson, University 
of Massachusetts; Boughton Cobb, New Haven, Connecticut; Dr. 
Vladimir Krajina, University of British Columbia; Dr. Finnur 
Gudmundsson, Reykjavik, Iceland; Dr. William Spackman, Penn- 
sylvania State College; Dr. Sidney Glassman and Dr. Paul C. Silva, 
University of Illinois; Dr. Aaron J. Sharp, University of Tennessee; 
Dr. Chester S. Nielsen and Dr. Grace C. Madsen, Florida State 
University; Dr. Conrad V. Morton and Dr. E. P. Killip, United 
States National Museum; Dr. Hugh litis and Dr. D wight H. Moore, 
University of Arkansas; Dr. Bassett Maguire, New York Botanical 
Garden; Dr. Richard W. Holm, Stanford University; Dr. Edgar 
T. Wherry, University of Pennsylvania; Dr. Emery H. Moore and 
Dr. Richard P. Korf, Cornell University; Dr. Wilbur Duncan, 

68 



University of Georgia; Dr. Ralph A. Lewin, Halifax, Nova Scotia; 
Dr. Olav Gjaerevoll, Trondheim, Norway; Dr. Tobias Lasser, 
Caracas, Venezuela; John Thomas Howell, California Academy of 
Sciences; Dr. Robert Thorne, University of Iowa; George A. Huggins, 
Baltimore; Dr. PYanz Ippisch, Guatemala City; Dr. Alfred F. 
Traverse, United States Bureau of Mines; Oren C. Durham, Abbott 
Laboratories; Dr. George B. Cummins, Purdue University; Dr. G. F. 
Frankton and Dr. William G. Dore, Department of Agriculture 
(Canada); Dr. Mary Belle Allen, Hopkins Marine Station; Dr. 
Daniel T. Jackson, United States Army Corps of Engineers; Dr. 
Maxine Larisey, Medical College of the State of South Carolina; 
Dr. William A. Cassel, School of Medicine, University of Pennsyl- 
vania; Dr. Herman Silva Forest, College of William and Mary; 
Dr. Albert W. Herre, University of Washington; Dr. Robert F, 
Burrow, Marine Laboratory, University of Miami; Dr. Angel Mal- 
donado, Laboratorios Maldonado, Lima, Peru; Dr. T. V. Desi- 
kachary. University of Saugor, Saugor, India; Dr. FVed A. Barkley, 
Nepera Chemical Company; Dr. Eula Whitehouse, Southern Metho- 
dist University; Dr. Elva Lawton, Hunter College; Dr. Lee Bonar, 
University of California; Dr. C. C. Palmiter, Richland, Washington; 
Dr. Ivan L. Ophel, Chalk River, Ontario: Dr. John D. Dodd, 
Iowa State College; Dr. Asbjorn Ousdal, Micro-fossil Laboratory; 
Dr. Teofilo Herrera, University of Mexico; Norman W. Radford, 
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario; and William Bridge 
Cooke, United States Health Center, Cincinnati. 

Dr. Tor Orvig, of Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, 
Sweden, spent several weeks studying the collections of primitive 
fishes in the Department of Geology and discussing problems of 
their history with Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes. 
Dr. T. M. Stout, of Nebraska State Museum, University of Nebraska, 
paid a brief visit to look at fossil beavers, and Dr. Claude W. 
Hibbard came from University of Michigan to examine Pleistocene 
rodents. Dr. Henry Anson Wylde and Dr. Hildegard Howard, of 
Los Angeles County Museum, visited our Museum to study exhi- 
bition techniques in paleontology. 

Visiting zoologists who consulted with the staff or spent some 
time in examination of our zoological collections include Dr. Oliver 
P. Pearson and Dr. Carl Koford, University of California; Dr. 
G. E. Erikson, Harvard Medical School; Carlos Bumzeham, Dr. 
E. L. Du Brul, Dr. D. F. Hoffmeister, T. E. Moore, and R. B. 
Selander, University of Illinois; Mr. and Mrs. Sydney Anderson, 
Dr. Rollin Baker, and Dr. E. R. Hall, University of Kansas; E. V. 
Komarek, Birdsong Plantation, Thomasville, Georgia; Salim Ali, 



Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, India; Jean Delacour, 
Los Angeles County Museum; Byron E. Harrell, University of 
Minnesota; William H. Phelps, Caracas, Venezuela; Dr. Finn 
Salomonsen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Dr. Charles G. Sibley, Cornell 
University; Dr. Alexander Wetmore, United States National Mu- 
seum; Dr. Georg Haas, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; Dr. 
Walter C. Brown and Dr. Orlando Park, Northwestern University; 
Jay Savage, Stanford University; Dr. Sherman A. Minton, Jr., 
Medical Center, Indiana University; Dr. Robert R. Miller, Dr. 
Robert W. Storer, Alan Solem, and W. R. Taylor, Museum of 
Zoology, University of Michigan; Henry Hildebrand, University of 
Texas; Dr. R. L. Araujo, Instituto Biologico, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 
Dr. Joseph Camin, Chicago Academy of Sciences; Dr. Sidney Cam- 
ras, Chicago; Dr. Ashley B. Gurney, United States Department of 
Agriculture; Dr. E. S. Ross, California Academy of Sciences; Harold 
Hansen, Dr. Herbert H. Ross, and Lewis Stannard, Illinois Natural 
History Survey; Martin Brown, D. F. Hardwick, R. Lambert, 
J. F. McAlpine, L. A. Miller, S. G. Walley, and H. B. Wressell, 
Department of Agriculture (Canada); Dr. F. Monros, Instituto 
Miguel Lillo, Tucuman, Argentina; Father Albricht, Stritch School 
of Medicine, Loyola University; William J. Beecher, Chicago; and 
Dr. J. Linsley Gressitt, Yoshida Kondo, and Donald Mitchell, 
Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Dr. Ortrud Schuster, of 
Senckenberg Museum in Frankfort-am-Main and of Instituto 
Tropical de Investigaciones Cientificas in San Salvador, spent two 
months in our Museum under the supervision of D. D wight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, preparing cleared specimens of 
lizards for her study of the mechanics of locomotion. 

Several members of our scientific staff devote a portion of their 
time to lecturing and to supervising the studies of graduate or 
undergraduate students who carry on special studies at the Museum. 
George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits in Anthropology, gave a 
seminar on Eskimo ethnology and prehistory at the Museum for 
the University of Chicago during the winter quarter and, with 
Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, gave a course on the ethnology of North and South America 
at the University of Chicago during the spring quarter. Dr. Theodor 
Just, Chief Curator of Botany, conducted a seminar at the Univer- 
sity of Notre Dame; Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, 
gave four lectures at Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; Robert 
F. Inger, Assistant Curator of Fishes, lectured at the University of 
Chicago; and Curator Davis gave a series of four lectures at Cali- 
fornia Institute of Technology. 

70 




The quite inoffensive common American tarantula tliat is pictured above lives so 
very well in captivity that it lends itself admirably to studies of spider behavior. 



Individual students from De Paul University, University of 
Chicago, Chicago Teachers College, National College of Education, 
North Central College, Northwestern University, Roosevelt College, 
Valparaiso University, and Wheaton College as well as from more 
distant colleges and universities used the Museum as a source of 
information, and various classes (for example, the large group from 
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario) visited the scientific 
departments and inspected the laboratories, workrooms, and her- 
baria. Art schools, among them Academy of Applied Arts, Chicago 
Academy of Fine Arts, Institute of Design, and School of the Art 
Institute of Chicago, use the Museum regularly for supervised study 
and class work, and in the summer the Museum presents a special 
showing in Stanley Field Hall of work by students from the School 
of the Art Institute. 

For its co-operation in a study-work-and-earn plan for college 
students, our Museum was awarded a certificate of recognition by 
Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. Students at Antioch College 
divide their school year between periods of formal classroom work 
on the campus and on-the-job training in factories, business offices, 
and institutions all over the country. The Museum has been par- 
ticipating in this program since 1946 and, under this co-operative 
plan, has given temporary employment to seventy-two students 
during the past eight years. Fourteen young men and women from 
Antioch College were employed by the Museum in 1953 in its 
scientific departments and Library. 

71 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
SOCIETIES 

In order to be abreast of scientific research in allied institutions it 
is essential that members of our scientific staff keep closely in touch 
with the scientific societies working in their fields of interest. Our 
Museum is always well represented at the annual meetings of the 
societies, and our staff members carry their full share of the duties 
and responsibilities of membership. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology, attended the 
annual meetings of the American Anthropological Association in 
Tucson, Arizona, where Chief Curator Martin and Curator Collier 
presented papers. Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of 
Archaeology, George I. Quimby, Curator of Exhibits, Curator 
Collier, and Assistant Bluhm attended concurrent meetings in 
Urbana, Illinois, of the Society for American Archaeology (of which 
Curator Quimby was elected first vice-president) and the Central 
States Anthropological Society (of which Curator Collier was elected 
president). Chief Curator Martin and Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
attended the Pecos Conference on Southwestern archaeology at 
the Museum of Northern Arizona at Flagstaff. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, presided at a sym- 
posium on "Taxonomy, Ecology, and Stratigraphy of Tertiary 
Angiosperms" sponsored by the Paleobotanical and the Systematic 
sections of the Botanical Society of America and co-sponsored by 
the American Society of Plant Taxonomists and the Society for the 
Study of Evolution at the annual meetings of the American Institute 
of Biological Sciences in Madison, Wisconsin (he was elected vice- 
president for 1954 of the Society for the Study of Evolution). 
He attended meetings of the Divisional Committee of Biological 
Sciences of the National Science Foundation in Washington and 
served as chairman of the Committee on Paleobotany of the Division 
of Earth Sciences of the National Research Council, as chairman 
of the Committee on Generic Synopses appointed by the American 
Society of Plant Taxonomists, and as a member of the Committee 
on Guidance appointed by the Botanical Society of America. Dr. 
Jose Cuatrecasas (see page 40) also attended the annual meetings 
of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Dr. Earl E. 
Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, presided as chair- 
man of the Linnaean Symposium, sponsored by the American 

71 



Society of Plant Taxonomists and Systematic Section of the Bo- 
tanical Society of America as part of the meetings of the American 
Institute of Biological Sciences. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, Bryan Patterson, 
Curator of Fossil Mammals, and Robert K. Wyant, Curator of 
Economic Geology, attended the annual meetings in Boston of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, where 
Curator Patterson read a paper on the history of non-hominid 
primates in the Old World and where Chief Curator Roy and Curator 
Wyant, in a symposium on origin of meteorites, presented a paper 
(illustrated by color-slides) on the composition, structure, and 
probable origin of chondrules in stony meteorites. The three men 
also attended the meetings in Toronto of the Geological Society of 
America, and Curator Patterson and Curator Wyant attended the 
concurrent meetings of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. 
Curator Patterson, with Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of 
Fossils, Preparator William D. Turnbull, and Assistant Priscilla F. 
Turnbull, took part in a field conference of the Society of Vertebrate 
Paleontology in Uinta Basin, Utah. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., 
Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, attended the meetings of the 
North Central Branch of the Entomological Society of America in 
St. Louis, of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science in Annville, 
and of the Illinois Academy of Science in Macomb and presented 
technical papers at each meeting. 

Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, represented the 
Museum and the National Research Council at the Fourteenth 
International Congress in Copenhagen in August, where he served 
as chairman of the section on zoological nomenclature. Mrs. 
Marion Grey, Associate in the Division of Fishes, who had been 
invited to attend the Congress to take part in a colloquium on 
problems of the deep sea, spoke on fishes found below two thousand 
meters. In November Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, 
represented the Museum at the Eighth Pacific Science Congress in 
Manila. Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, attended 
the meetings of the American Society of Mammalogists held in 
New York, where he was elected a director and appointed chair- 
man of the committee on nomenclature. Loren P. Woods, Curator 
of Fishes, Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator of Fishes, and D. 
Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, attended the annual 
meetings in New York of the American Society of Ichthyologists 
and Herpetologists, where Curator Woods was elected a member of 
the joint committee of the Society and the American Fisheries 
Society on common names of fishes, and where Curator Davis was 

73, 




Cleaning and painting Stanley Field Hall and adjacent vistas were undertakings of 
such magnitude that a special working crew as well as scaffolding was needed. 

74 



appointed chairman of the publication committee for the Society's 
new edition of A Check List of Amphibians and Reptiles. Curator 
Woods and Assistant Curator Inger attended also the meetings in 
Macomb of the Illinois Academy of Science and a conference on 
research in the Upper Lakes held at Douglas Lake, Michigan. 
Curator Davis was invited to present a paper as part of a symposium 
conducted by Section H during the meetings in Boston of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, and he also 
attended the meetings at the College of Medicine, University of 
Illinois, of regional anatomists. Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator 
of Insects, and Dr. Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, attended 
the meetings in St. Louis of the North Central Branch of the En- 
tomological Society of America, and Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of 
Insects, attended the meetings in Philadelphia of the Eastern Branch 
of the Society. Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
represented the Museum at the meetings in Lawrence, Kansas, of 
the American Malacological Union. 

Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation, attended the meetings in Buffalo of the 
American Association of Museums and presented before the Inter- 
national Relations Section a report on the international seminar on 
the role of museums in education that was sponsored by UNESCO 
in 1952 (Miss Wood was chairman of the delegation representing 
the United States in the seminar). Miss Wood and Miss Harriet 
Smith, Guide-Lecturer of Raymond Foundation, attended meetings 
in Chicago of the Educational Film Library Association and the 
National Audio- Visual Association. As usual, the meetings in Chi- 
cago of the various professional library associations were attended 
by Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian, and members of the staff of 
the Library. 

Chief Curator Just continued as editor of Lloydia (quarterly 
journal of biological science published by Lloyd Library and Mu- 
seum, Cincinnati), as editor of Paleohotanical Report (published by 
the Division of Earth Sciences of the National Research Council), 
and as member of the editorial board of American Journal of Botany 
(official publication of the Botanical Society of America). Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, continued as foreign- 
news editor and Assistant Turnbull as a regional editor of the 
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology News Bulletin. Chief Curator 
Schmidt continued as a section editor of Biological Abstracts (pub- 
lished under the auspices of the Union of American Biological 
Societies) and as a consulting editor for American Midland Naturalist 
(published by the University of Notre Dame). 

75 



Publications of members of the scientific staff during 1953 
besides those issued by Chicago Natural History Museum include 
the following articles and reviews in various journals: 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Collier, Donald 

Review of Red Man's America (by Ruth M. Underbill), The Art of Ancient 
Peru (by Heinrich U. Doering), Digging Beyond the Tigris (by Linda Braid- 
wood), Amazon Town: A Study of Man in the Tropics (by Charles Wagley), 
Anthropology Today: An Encyclopedic Inventory (edited by A. L. Kroeber), 
The Primitive World and Its Transformations (by Robert Redfield), in The 
University of Chicago Magazine, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 22-23 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Further Discoveries in Pine Lawn Valley," Archaeology, vol. 6, no. 4, 
pp. 217-220 

RiNALDO, John B. 

Review of Excavations in Big Hawk Valley, Wupatki National Monument, 
1 Arizona (by Watson Smith), in El Palacio, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 161-163 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

CUATRECASAS, JOSE 

"Neue und bemerkenswerte andine Compositen," Feddes Repertorium, 
vol. 55, no. 2-3, pp. 120-153 

"New Taxa in the Genus Diplostephium," Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical 

Club, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 401-408 

"Senecioneae andinae novae," Collectanea Botanica, vol. 3, pp. 261-307 

Just, Theodor 

"Generic Synopses and Modern Taxonomy," Chronica Botanica, vol. 14, 
no. 3, pp. 103-114 

Report of the Committee on Paleobotany, Number 23, mimeographed (Wash- 
ington D.C.: National Research Council), 33 pages 

"The Present Status of Plant Taxonomy," in Conference on the Importance 
and Needs of Systematics in Biology, mimeographed (Washington, D.C.: 
National Research Council), pp. 38-43 

Review of Geschichte der Pflanzen (by Walter Zimmermann), in Quarterly 
Review of Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 290 

Review of Gray's Manual of Botany, eighth (centennial) edition (by Merritt 
Lyndon Fernald), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 294 

Review of Grundlagen und Methoden einer Erneurung der Systematik der 

Hoheren Pflanzen (by Franz Buxbaum), in Quarterly Review of Biology, 

vol. 28, no. 3, p. 294 

Review of Lehrbuch der Allgemeinen Botanik. Band I. Morphologic, Anatomie 

und Vererbungslehre (by Hermann Ullrich and August Arnold), in Quarterly 

Review of Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 293 

Review of Lehrbuch der Botanik filr Hochschulen, twenty-fifth revised edition 

(by Hans Fitting, Walter Schumacher, Richard Harder, and Franz Firbas), 

in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 293 

Review of Native Orchids of North America — North of Mexico (by Donovan 

Stewart Correll), in Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 295 

76 



Sherff, Earl E. 

"Further Notes on the Genus Tetraplasandra A. Gray (fam. Araliaceae) in 
the Hawaiian Islands," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), 
no. 8, pp. 2-13 

"Further Notes upon the Flora of the Hawaiian Islands," in Botanical 
Leaflets (published by the author), no. 9, pp. 1-10 

"Notes on Certain Coreopsideae (Bidens L. and Coreopsis L.) of Mexico 
and Southeastern Africa," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), 
no. 9, pp. 10-14 

"Notes on Miscellaneous Dicotyledonous Plants," in Botanical Leaflets (pub- 
lished by the author), no. 8, pp. 13-26 

Standley, Paul C. 

"El Mombre de la Pimienta Gorda de Centro America," Ceiba, vol. 3, no. 3, 

pp. 171-172 

"Eremogeton, a New Generic Name (Scrophulariaceae)," Ceiba, vol. 3, 

no. 3, pp. 172-173 [with Louis O. Williams] 

"New Species of Carex from Guatemala," Ceiba, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 62-68 

[with Julian A. Steyermark] 

"Plantae Centrali — Americanae, V," Ceiba, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 187-220 [with 

Louis O. Williams] 

"Un Desmodium Extrano," Ceiba, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 223 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"A New Meliosma from the Colombian Andes," Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical 

Club, vol. 80, no. 6, p. 500 

"Another Coastal Plain Relict in the Missouri Ozark Region," Rhodora, 

vol. 55, no. 649, pp. 15-17 

"A Second Species of Schismocarpus," Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 

vol. 80, no. 2, p. 138 

"Color Form of Helianthus mollis," Rhodora, vol. 55, no. 651, p. 108 

"Dodecatheon amethystinum and Forma Margaritaceum in the Missouri 

Ozarks," Rhodora, vol. 55, no. 654, pp. 226-228 

"Elymus riparius in Illinois," Rhodora, vol. 55, no. 652, p. 156 

"The Discovery and Destruction of Callicarpa americana in Missouri," 

Rhodora, vol. 55, no. 655, pp. 238-241 

Thieret, John W. 

"A Genetic Study of Complementary Genes for Purple Lemma, Palea, and 
Pericarp in Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)," Agronomy Journal, vol. 45, 
no. 5, pp. 182-185 [with R. W. Woodward] 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Patterson, Bryan 

"Notas acerca del craneo de un ejemplar juvenil de Mesotherium cristatum 
Serr.," Revista del Museo Municipal de Ciencias Naturales y Tradicional de 
Mar del Plata, vol. 1, pp. 71-78 

"Un nuevo y extraordinario marsupial deseadiano," Revista del Museo Muni- 
cipal de Ciencias Naturales y Tradicional de Mar del Plata, vol. 1, pp. 39-44 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"Distributional Aspects of Paleozoic Insects" (abstract). Proceedings, Eighth 
Annual Meeting, North Central States Branch, American Entomological Society, 
pp. 38-39 

"Techniques in Studying Pennsylvanian Insects," Proceedings of the Penn- 
sylvania Academy of Science, vol. 27, pp. 159-161 

77 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Blake, Emmet Reid 

Birds of Mexico, A Guide for Field Identification (University of Chicago Press), 
xxix+644 pages, 330 illustrations (1 in color) by Douglas E. Tibbitts 

Grey, Marion 

"Fishes of the Family Gempylidae, with Records of Nesiarchus and Epinnula 
from the Western Atlantic and Descriptions of Two New Subspecies of Epin- 
nula orientalis," Copeia, 1953, no. 3, pp. 135-141 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Zorilla I. Geoffroy and Spilogale Gray, Generic Names for African and 
American Polecats, Respectively," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 34, 
pp. 378-382 

Marx, Hymen 

"Atractaspis (Moleviper), a New Record for Egypt," Copeia, 1952, pp. 278-279 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Factors Affecting Feeding Rates of Anis," Auk, vol. 70, pp. 26-30 
"Geographical Variation in the Laughing Thrush, Garrulax affinis," Natural 
History Miscellanea, no. 116, pp. 1-6 

"The Systematic Position of the Genera Ramphocaenus and Microbates," 
Auk, vol. 70, pp. 334-337 [with Melvin A. Traylor, Jr.] 

"Use of Snake Skins in Birds' Nests," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 125, 
pp. 1-5 

Review of A Generic Revision of Flycatchers of the Tribe Muscicapini (by 
Charles Vaurie), in Auk, vol. 70, pp. 379-380 

Review of Parental Care and Its Evolution in Birds (by S. Charles Kendeigh), 
in Wilson Bulletin, vol. 65, pp. 215-217 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

"April Record of Silver-haired Bat in Oregon," Murrelet, vol. 34, p. 32 

"Mammals from Mindanao, Philippine Islands, Collected by the Danish 
Philippine Expedition, 1951-1952," Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk 
Naturhistorisk Forening, vol. 115, pp. 283-288 (1 illustration) 

"Notes sur Quelques Mammiferes de I'Afrique Equatoriale Francaise," 
Mammalia, vol. 17, p. 164-169 

"Obituary Notice, Javier Ortiz de la Puente, 1928-1952," Journal of Mam- 
malogy, vol. 34, pp. 285-286 

"Remarks on a Japanese Bat, Vespertilio macrodactylus Temminck," Natural 
History Miscellanea, no. 118, pp. 1-3 

"Supposed Occurrence of the Sheath-tailed Bat in the Marshall Islands," 
Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 34, p. 384 

"The Cuban Free-tailed Bat, Mormopterus minutus Miller," Journal of Mam- 
malogy, vol. 34, p. 383 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

A Check List of North American Amphibians and Reptiles, sixth edition 
(American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists), viii+280 pages 
"Allegory within Allegory," The Scientific Monthly, vol. 76, pp. 341-343 

"The 'Methodus' of Linnaeus, 1736," The Journal of the Society for the Bib- 
liography of Natural History, vol. 2, pp. 369-374 

78 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The Division of Public Relations this year concentrated its efforts 
upon consolidating the program of innovations made in the pre- 
ceding year, primarily in television, and upon continuing in full 
measure the dissemination of information in all the other ways used 
in the past. Throughout the year spot announcements about the 
Museum continued to appear daily in the intervals between many 
major programs on all four Chicago television stations: WBBM-TV 
(Channel 2, Columbia Broadcasting System), WNBQ (Channel 5, 
National Broadcasting Company), WBKB (Channel 7, American 
Broadcasting Company- Paramount Theaters, Inc.), and WGN-TV 
(Channel 9, Chicago Tribune-Dumont Television Network). Re- 
newed appreciation is given to the officials and technical staffs of 
each of these organizations for their continued contribution of air- 
time free of charge and for their generous co-operation with the 
Museum staff in preparation of material. It is estimated that, at 
commercial television-advertising rates, the time devoted to the 
Museum would have reached a cumulative total of around $100,000 
for the year. Members of the Museum staff appeared as guests on 
a number of full-length television programs to present the stories of 
their expeditions and other activities or, as scientific authorities, to 
answer questions and talk on subjects within the scope of the 
Museum's fields of interest. 

Daily newspapers in Chicago and throughout the country and 
magazines continued to devote quantities of space to Museum news, 
features, and photographs, and radio stations and networks matched 
the air-time contributions of the television organizations. For this, 
grateful acknowledgment is made to Chicago Tribune, Chicago Daily 
News, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago American, United Press Asso- 
ciation, International News Service, International News Photos, 
Associated Press, Science Service, City News Bureau of Chicago, 
Mutual Broadcasting System, American Broadcasting Company, 
National Broadcasting Company, and Columbia Broadcasting Sys- 
tem and to radio stations WGN, WBBM, WMAQ, WLS, WENR, 
WIND, WJJD, WAIT, WAAF, WFMT, WFMF, WFJL, WEDC, 
WEAW, WCRW, WCFL, WBIK, WSBC, WOPA, WNMP, WLEY, 
WHIP, WHFC, WXRT, WGES, and WMBI. 

Besides using stories and photographs from the more than four 
hundred publicity releases prepared by the Division of Public Rela- 
tions, both press and radio-television outlets used much of the 
material printed in the Museum Bulletin, which thus fulfilled its 
secondary function as an additional source of general publicity as 

79 



well as its primary purpose of maintaining monthly contact between 
the Museum and its thousands of Members. Placards advertising 
the free lectures for adults provided by the Edward E. Ayer Fund 
and the motion pictures for children presented by Raymond Founda- 
tion were displayed on station platforms and in passenger coaches 
through the continued courtesy of Chicago Transit Authority, Chi- 
cago Aurora and Elgin Railroad, Illinois Central System, and Chicago 
and North Western Railway. The Museum takes this opportunity 
to thank the transportation organizations for their important and 
generous assistance in publicizing its free educational programs. 



This reproduction of a branch of camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) in the fruiting 
stage was added to the exhibits in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29). 




80 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Sales in the The Book Shop of the Museum totaled more than 
$74,000, over $5,000 more than total sales in 1952. The Book Shop 
was established in 1938, and it is interesting to note that each 
succeeding year, with the exception of 1940 and 1948, has brought 
an increase in sales. The endowment fund created from proceeds 
amounted to slightly over $120,000 at the end of the year. The 
number of sales by mail continued to be large, although the dollar- 
amount was small in relation to number of sales. Shipments were 
made to forty-six states and territories and to a number of foreign 
destinations. The continuing increase in our mail-order business 
is another indication of the ever-widening influence of the Museum 
in its educational work. 



CAFETERIA 

Again the number of people served in the cafeteria and lunchroom 
showed an increase, the total being 324,461 in comparison with the 
total of 321,248 for last year. Gross receipts amounted to almost 
$137,000, an increase of about $5,000 over the year before. In 
order that visitors may obtain refreshment at hours when the 
cafeteria and lunchroom are not open, automatic vending-machines 
for Coca-Cola were installed in a ground-floor corridor. As in pre- 
vious years, thousands of school children who brought their lunches 
were accommodated in the lunchroom and picnic room. 



MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENGINEERING 

Of major importance is the conversion of Hall H on the ground 
floor, which formerly housed our Philippine ethnological collections, 
into a convenient and well-equipped storage room for our collec- 
tions from Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Africa, and Madagascar. 
Reinstallation of the exhibits from Melanesia, Micronesia, and Poly- 
nesia will retire to the study-collections a great deal of material 
that in the past has been on display. This will result in more 
attractive exhibits and will improve the study-collections by making 
more of our unique and interesting material available for detailed 
study. The vacated hall is being equipped with steel shelving, 
adequate lighting, and hoisting equipment. Eventually all of the 
specimens from the South Seas will be housed in this single storage- 
room, adjacent to the halls where related material is exhibited. A 

81 




The iviuseum annually entertains the delegates to the National 4-H Club Congress. 



220-volt power line has been run into the room to provide power 
for the exhaust fan that is to be installed in the poison room reserved 
for materials susceptible to insect damage. Construction work was 
more than half completed at the end of the year. 

Revamping was completed of two areas on the ground floor 
where the floors were out of alignment because of settling of the 
sand fill during a period of more than thirty-five years. The floors 
were brought back to their proper levels by the "mud- jacking" 
process, in which a wet mixture of earth and cement is forced under 
pressure through holes drilled in the floors. In one place a settlement 
of seven inches was completely restored. New plastering of walls 
was required in some instances, and all the rooms were entirely 
redecorated. Subsequently, the publications office, formerly in this 
area, was moved to the south end of the building close to the pub- 
lications storage-vault, the print shop, and the shipping room so 
that a great deal of transportation is now unnecessary. The Audi- 

82 



tor's office was moved into the vacated space, resulting in a consoli- 
dation of the business offices in the area nearest the offices of the 
Director and Registrar. The office of Raymond Foundation was 
moved from the second to the first floor into the office formerly 
occupied by the Auditor. This move also results in economy of 
time by having the guide-lecturers in the office closest to the north 
entrance of the Museum. The Division of Public Relations returned 
to its former office after the changes were completed. 

Cleaning and painting of the building are constant processes. 
Stanley Field Hall and the adjacent vistas were completely redone. 
This undertaking was of such magnitude and required such special 
scaffolding that the work was done by contract. In addition, the 
Meeting Room, Hall N, the lobby of James Simpson Theatre, and 
fourteen other rooms were repainted. Walls were washed in the 
cafeteria and five of the exhibition halls. A new carpet was installed 
in the aisles of the Lecture Hall after the floor had been refinished. 
Reupholstering of seats in the Theatre, which has been under way 
for some years, was completed. 

Special attention was given to the outside of the building through- 
out the period of favorable weather. All of the exterior marble 
was sprayed with silicone waterproofing in the hope of preventing 
the gradual erosion of the surface. The blacktop on the terrace 
levels at both the north and south entrances received an additional 
application of liquid waterproofing, and the steps approaching both 
entrances were tuckpointed where necessary. Window sash was 
repaired or replaced outside of Halls 25, 26, 27, 28, and 36. All 
window frames and sash were repaired on the outside, and the 
outside freight-elevator was completely repainted. 

During the summer shutdown all boilers were thoroughly cleaned 
and tubes turbined. Silica jell was placed in the boiler drums and 
all manhole plates were tightened to prevent the entrance of any 
moisture that would cause corrosion during the shutdown period. 
The entire heating plant was rechecked, cleaned, repaired where 
necessary, painted to prevent corrosion, and put in first-class con- 
dition. A new coal lorry was installed, and a half key removed 
from each grate-bar to allow for the passage of more air through 
the fires. Thermostatic traps were substituted for worn and obsolete 
equipment on radiators and coils, thereby increasing the efficiency 
of the heating plant. The usual plumbing maintenance was carried 
on throughout the year, and new hot-water lines were run in to 
many locations where needed. Two large exhaust fans were mounted 
at the end of the main skylight at the south end of the building to 
remove the hot air during the summer months, thus lowering the 

83 



temperature of the entire fourth floor. The program of installing 
new panel-boards in the interest of both efficiency and safety was 
continued. In addition to its own needs, the Museum, under con- 
tract, furnished almost 25,000,000 pounds of steam to Shedd 
Aquarium, the Administration Building of the Chicago Park 
District, and Soldier Field. 

The Divisions of Maintenance and Engineering assisted in the 
installation and reinstallation of exhibits in many of our exhibition 
halls. Halls 6 and 7, housing American Indian collections, and 
Hall 24 (George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall), housing 
Chinese exhibits, were greatly improved by case alterations, re- 
arrangement, and new lighting. The large built-in case in Hall 20 
and a smaller case in Hall N were made ready to receive the exhibits 
prepared by the Department of Zoology (see page 59) and sub- 
sequently were glazed and poisoned. A multiplicity of requisitions 
for the manufacture, alteration, or moving of special equipment, for 
special lighting, and for special-exhibit cases was handled expedi- 
tiously throughout the year. The splendid appearance of the build- 
ing, its adequate lighting, and the constant improvements of its 
working facilities bear testimony to the efficiency of the Engineering 
and Maintenance staff. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 



Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



84 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1953 AND 1952 



Operating Fund 

INCOME 1953 1952 

From investments of 

General endowment funds $ 708,344 42 $ 727,084.69 

Life and associate membership funds 27,728.10 26,751.69 

$ 736,072.52 $ 753,836.38 

Chicago Park District 127,532.68 128,478.39 

Annual and sustaining memberships 20,695.00 20,885.00 

Admissions 33,049.50 33,692.50 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 39,820.81 38,304.61 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 83,754.49 83,136.20 

$1,040,925.00 $1,058,333.08 



EXPENDITURES 

Operating expenses 

Departmental operating expenses $ 109,127.53 $ 114,859.36 

General operating expenses 703,894.62 661,572.14* 

Building repairs and alterations 107,718 .50 118,674.02 

$ 920,740.65 $ 895,105.52 

Collections 

Purchases and expedition costs 36,912.11 68,708.09 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 9,853.66 14,399.77 

Pensions and employee benefits 57,016.82 52,871.33 

Appropriations in lieu of premiums formerly 

payable on assigned life insurance 14,500.00 14,500.00 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of The 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

(contra) 123.65 2,206.37 

$1,049,146.89 $1,057,791.08 

EXCESS (deficiency) OF INCOME OVER EX- 
PENDITURES $ (8,221.89 ) $ 542.00 

♦Museum operating expenses of $63,462.14 which in 1952 were included under "collections" have 
been transferred to general operating expenses to conform with 1953 classification 

CXJNTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 

85 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF INCOME 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1953 AND 1952 (CONTINUED) 



The N. W. Harris Public School 

Extension 1953 

Income from endowments $ 21,369.33 

Expenditures 21,492.98 

DEFICIT TRANSFERRED TO OPERATING FUND 

(CONTRA) $ 123.65 



1952 



$ 20,638.30 
22,844.67 

$ 2,206.37 



Other Restricted Funds 

INCOME 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments $ 53,805.44 $ 50,959.15 

Contributions for specified purposes 13,400.00 42,428.01 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation and contingencies 

(contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Sundry receipts— net 36,808.81 30,305.80 

$ 114,014.25 $ 133,692.96 



EXPENDITURES 

Transferred to Operating Fund to apply 

against expenditures (contra) $ 83,754.49 $ 83,136.20 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 52,000.00 24,000.00 

$ 135,754.49 $ 107,136.20 

EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF INCOME OVER EX- 
PENDITURES $ (21,740.24) $ 26,556.76 



To THE Trustees 

Chicago Natural History Museum 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion the accompanying statement presents fairly the income and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1953 and 1952, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the year. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young and Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
February 11, 1954 

86 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1953 AND 1952 



1953 1952 

Total attendance 1,204,855 1,305,556 

Paid attendance 132,198 134,770 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 32,450 32,226 

Schoolchildren 75,979 93,861 

Teachers 4,667 4,988 

Members 520 640 

Service men and women 1,648 2,532 

Special meetings and occasions 1,095 2,953 

Press 6 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 155,497 (51) 137,444 

Saturdays (52) 277,346 (52) 315,129 

Sundays (52) 523,467 (52) 581,102 

Highest attendance on any day 

(February 22) 15,323 (November 9) 16,488 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 18) 161 (March 4) 159 

Highest paid attendance (September 7) . . 4,223 (September 1) 3,600 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 3,319 (364 days) 3,586 

Average paid admissions (207 days) 633 (209 days) 645 

Copies of General Guide sold 26,675 27,026 

Number of articles checked 38,785 45,805 

Number of picture post-cards sold 248,392 283,394 

Sales of Museum publications (both scien- 
tific and popular) and photographs; 

rental of wheel chairs $15,128.53 $13,034.69 

87 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History- 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 



ACCESSIONS, 1953 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Arizona State Museum, Tucson: 
289 archaeological specimens, including 
pottery sherds, restorable pottery ves- 
sels, artifacts, and unworked shells — 
various sites in Arizona (exchange) 

Borden, John, Spring Lake, Michi- 
gan: model of Aleut boat — Aleutian 
Islands (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 
Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1953): 833 specimens, including whole 
or restorable pottery vessels, objects of 
stone, bone, shell, baked clay, and tex- 
tiles, and burials, and about 40,000 
pottery sherds — Higgins Flat Pueblo, 
Near Reserve, New Mexico 

Ingersoll, Admiral Royal Eason, 
U.S.N. Ret., La Porte, Indiana: Chimu 
whistling jar — Peru (gift); 59 weapons 
— China, Japan, and Africa (gift) 

Jacobs, Louis, Merrimac, Wisconsin: 
7 pieces of blue-and-white ceramic "ex- 
port ware" of Chinese origin — Philip- 
pine Islands (gift) 

Jones, Robert D., Jr., Coal Bay, 
Alaska: Aleut-type skull, female — 
Cherni Island, Aleutian Islands (gift) 



MacRae, Mrs. Albert, Glencoe, 
Illinois: Navaho saddle-blanket — 
southwest United States (gift) 

Mendelson, Dr. R. W., Albu- 
querque, New Mexico: portion of Bud- 
dhist scripture incised on palm-leaf 
strips, Bangkok hat, embroidered-silk 
wall hanging — Siam (gift) 

Nakutin, Theodore, Chicago: fur 
parka — Alaska (gift) 

RuiSECO, John, Chicago: Olmec- 
style human head carved of basalt — 
near Santiago, Tuxtla, Veracruz, 
Mexico (gift) 

Trier, Robert, Chicago: carved 
human figure of wood, bone fishhook, 
bone awl and needles, stone adz, 
chipped stone tools (15 specimens) — 
Easter Island (gift); 7 tools of stone 
and bone, 3 harpoon heads of bone and 
ivory, 1 wooden dipper, 3 ornaments 
of wood, bone, and ivory, 1 bone minia- 
ture whale, 2 model sleds and teams of 
carved ivory — Alaska (gift) 

Watson, Rose J., Oak Park, Illinois: 
2 scrapbooks of clippings of Dr. George 
A. Dorsey's letters to the Chicago 
Tribune on his three-year trip around 
the world in 1909-12 (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY-ACCESSIONS 



Allen, Dr. Mary Belle, Pacific 
Grove, California: 18 algae (gift) 

Ball, Dr. Carleton R., Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 10 plant specimens (gift) 

Bartell, Karl, Blue Island, Illinois: 
9 plant specimens (gift) 

Bennett, Holly R., Chicago: 
1,775 plant specimens (gift) 

Bernatowicz, Dr. Albert J., Eu- 
gene, Oregon: 3 algae (gift) 

Bishop Museum, Bernice P., Hono- 
lulu: plant specimen (exchange) 

Bold, Dr. Harold C, Nashville, 
Tennessee: 32 algae (gift) 

Bondar, Gregorio, Bahia, Brazil: 2 
plant specimens, 11 photographs (ex- 
change) 



BoTANiSK Museum, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 446 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange) 

Brook, Dr. A. J., Pitlochry, Scot- 
land: cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

California, University of, Ber- 
keley: 485 plant specimens (exchange); 
72 plant specimens (gift) 

California, University of, Santa 
Barbara: plant specimen (gift) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 108 plant specimens 
(exchange) ; 1 plant specimen (gift) 

Caylor, Dr. R. L., Cleveland, 
Mississippi: 7 algae (gift) 

Chapman, Dr. V. J., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 4 algae (gift) 



89 



ChicagoNaturalHistory Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Norman C. Fassett 
(Salvadorian Project, 1950-51): 45 
plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark (Venezuela Botanical Expedition, 
1953): 10,000 plant specimens 

Conservator of Forests, Belize, 
British Honduras: plant specimen (gift) 

Cull, Irene, Peoria, Illinois: 4 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis: 59 
algae (gift) 

Dawson, Dr. E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
23 algae (gift) 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Bauxite, 
Arkansas: 94 plant specimens (gift) 

Deviney, Dr. E., Tallahassee, 
Florida: cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Diller, Dr. Violet M., Cincinnati: 
44 algae (gift) 

DODD, Dr. J. D., Ames, Iowa: 3 
algae (gift) 

Dorris, Troy C, Homer, Illinois: 6 
algae (gift) 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Honolulu: 
75 algae (gift) 

Edmondson, Dr. W. T., Seattle: 9 
algae (gift) 

EscuELA Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 326 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 29 plant specimens, 43 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift) 

Flint, Dr. Lewis H., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 11 algae (gift) 

Forest, Dr. H. Silva, Williamsburg, 
Virginia: 483 algae (gift) 

Fosberg, Dr. F. Raymond, Wash- 
ington D.C.: 55 algae (gift) 

Foster, Mulford B., Orlando, 
Florida: cycad cone (gift) 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 3 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Gerhardt, Dr. R. W., Lincoln, 
California: 4 algae (gift) 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 249 plant specimens (ex- 
change); a few fruits (gift) 

Harris, Dr. Phyllis S., La Jolla, 
California: 2 algae (gift) 

Hawkes, Dr. J. G., Birmingham, 
England: 19 photographs (exchange) 

Hilliard, Dr. D., Anchorage, 
Alaska: 36 algae (gift) 



Humm, Dr. Harold J., Tallahassee, 
Florida: 15 algae (gift) 

Ibanez, Dr. N., Turjillo, Peru: 24 
algae (gift) 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: plant specimen (gift) 

Iltis, Dr. Hugh, Fayetteville, Ar- 
kansas: 66 algae (gift) 

Institut Bctanique, Montreal, 
Quebec, Canada: 134 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Institute de Biologia, Chapulte- 
pec, Mexico: 25 plant specimens (gift) 

Institute of Jamaica, Kingston: 35 
algae (gift) 

Instituto Agronomic© do Norte, 
Belem, Brazil: 40 plant specimens (gift) 

Instituto Botanico, Florence, 
Italy: 100 plant specimens (exchange) 

Isham, Dr. Lawrence B., Coral 
Gables, Florida: 27 algae (gift) 

Johnson, S. C, and Son, Incor- 
porated, Racine, Wisconsin: palm ma- 
terial (gift) 

Kaeiser, Dr. Margaret, Carbon- 
dale, Illinois: 4 slides (exchange) 

KiBBE, Dr. Alice L., Carthage, Illi- 
nois: 206 folders of H. N. Patterson 
correspondence (gift) 

Kiener, Dr. Walter B., Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 196 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift) 

Killip, Dr. E. P., Washington, D.C.: 
124 plant specimens, 90 algae (gift) 

Kingsbury, Dr. John M., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: cryptogamic 
specimen (gift) 

KosTER, Dr. Josephine T., Leiden, 
Netherlands: cryptogamic specimen 
(gift) 

La Rivers, Dr. Ira, Reno, Nevada: 
185 algae (gift) 

Le Mesurier, Dr. Margaret, 
Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 8 algae 
(gift) 

Mabille, Dr. Jean, Bertheniwurt- 
par-Moy, France: 8 algae (gift) 

Madsen, Dr. Grace C, Tallahassee, 
Florida: 206 algae (gift) 

Marshall, Dr. B. C, Hot Springs, 
Arkansas: 1 alga (gift) 

Matuda, Eizi, Chiapas, Mexico: 134 
plant specimens (gift) 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 4 plant 
specimens (gift) 

MiLLE, Padre Luis, Manabi, Ecua- 
dor: 9 plant specimens (gift) 



90 



Minnesota, University of, Minne- 
apolis: 79 plant specimens (exchange) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 362 plant specimens (exchange) 

MouL, Dr. E. T., New Brunswick, 
New Jersey: 9 algae (gift) 

Mowry, Claude R., Reno Nevada: 
2 plant specimens (gift) 

MUSEO DE HiSTORIA NATURAL, Lima, 

Peru: 97 plant specimens (exchange) 

MusEO Nacional Historia Nat- 
ural, Santiago, Chile: 5 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

National Science Museum, Tokyo : 
400 plant specimens (exchange) 

Naturhistorisches Museum, 
Vienna, Austria: 378 algae (exchange); 
2,739 algae (gift) 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 2,030 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Newhouse, J., Honolulu: 138 algae 
(gift) 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 681 plant specimens (ex- 
change); 420 plant specimens, a few 
fruits, 79 algae (gift) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 81 algae (gift) 

Oaks, O. A., Wilmette, Illinois: 2 
wood specimens (gift) 

OcHOA, Carlos, Huancayo, Peru: 
333 plant specimens (exchange) 

Orozco, Dr. J. M., San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 17 algae (gift) 

Palmer, Dr. C. Mervin, Cincinnati: 
112 algae (gift) 

Palmiter, Dr. C. C, Richland, 
Washington: 49 algae (gift) 

Palumbo, Dr. R. F., Seattle: 42 
algae (gift) 

Patterson, Bryan, Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 2 plant specimens (gift) 

Pierce, Dr. E. Lowe, Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts: cryptogamic specimen 
(gift) 

Richards Fund, Donald: 2,500 
fungi — Michigan; 561 cryptogams — 
Swwien; 400 mosses — Japan; 308 cryp- 
togams — Wisconsin; 100 lichens — Swe- 
den; seaweed — New Zealand 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Gur- 
nee, Illinois: 3 algae (gift) 

Rohweder, Dr. Otto, Hamburg, 
Germany: 33 plant specimens (gift) 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal, 
Quebec, Canada: 35 algae (gift) 



Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
England: 88 plant specimens (exchange) 

Rutgers University, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey: 29 algae (exchange) 

SCHALLERT, Dr. P. O., Altamonte 
Springs, Florida: 63 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 3 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 404 
plant specimens, 183 negatives, 183 
prints (gift) 

SiLVA, Dr. p. C, Urbana, Illinois: 
5 algae (gift) 

Slusher, Mrs. H. E., Jefferson City, 
Missouri: plant specimen (gift) 

Smith, Frank O., Ames, Iowa: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Soriano, Dr. J. D., Quezon City, 
Philippine Islands: 312 algae (gift) 

SOUKUP, Dr. J., Lima, Peru: 9 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Southern Methodist University, 
Dallas: 61 algae (exchange) 

Starr, Dr. Richard C, Blooming- 
ton, Indiana: cryptogamic specimen 
(gift) 

Stephenson, Dr. T. A., Aberyst- 
wyth, Wales: 23 algae (gift) 

SwiNK, Floyd A., Chicago: 770 
plant specimens (gift) 

Symoens, Dr. J. J., Brussels, Bel- 
gium: 6 algae (gift) 

Tennessee, University of, Knox- 
ville: 5 plant specimens (exchange) 

Texas, Agricultural and Me- 
chanical College of. College Station: 
24 plant specimens (gift) 

Thieret, John W., Chicago: 2 
plant specimens (gift) 

Tilden, Dr. J. E., Lake Wales, 
Florida: 153 algae (gift) 

United States Customs Service, 
Chicago: plant specimen (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland: 
plant specimen (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 16 plant specimens, 
27 cryptogamic specimens (exchange); 
240 plant specimens, 3 algae (gift) 

University Museum, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 565 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange) 

Vargas, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 7 
algae (gift) 



91 



Valasquez, Dr. G. T., Quezon City, 
Philippine Islands: 28 algae (gift) 

VoTH, Dr. Paul D., Chicago: cryp- 
togamic specimen (gift) 

Wilson, Archie F., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 151 wood specimens (exchange); 
11 plant specimens (gift) 

Wilson, Dr. Leonard R., Amherst, 
Massachusetts: pollen specimen (gift) 



Wood, Dr. R. D., Kingston, Rhode 
Island: 12 algae (gift) 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 52 
plant specimens (gift) 

Zeller, Catherine, Springfield, Illi- 
nois: 3 plant specimens (gift) 

Zimmerman, Annie, Chicago: 28 
algae (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Alessio, O. G., Chicago: 3 rutile 
specimens — Oaxaca, Mexico (gift) 

Beta Research Laboratory, Chi- 
cago: 25 natural elements (gift) 

Blanchard, L. J., Bakersfield, Cali- 
fornia: polished moss agate — Horse 
Canyon, California (gift) 

Bookwalter, Richard M., Chicago: 
2 petrified wood specimens — Petrified 
Forest, Arizona (gift) 

Britts, Dr. John H. (deceased), 
Clinton, Missouri: collection of 265 fos- 
sil invertebrates (part transferred from 
Department of Zoology) — various lo- 
calities (gift) 

Casey, Mrs. D. L., Yuma, Arizona: 
skull and jaws of Eporeodon occidentalis 
— Grant County, Oregon (gift) 

Chalmers Crystal Fund, William: 
12 crystal casts — New Jersey and Mas- 
sachusetts; 1 specimen each of vanadi- 
nite and endlichite — Mexico 

Chicago NaturalHistory Museum: 

Collected by Orville L. Gilpin, Wil- 
liam D. Turnbull, and Priscilla F. Turn- 
bull (Wyoming Paleontological Expe- 
dition, 1953): collection of Devonian 
fishes, Eocene turtles, Hyrachyus upper 
jaw, and microfauna — various localities 

Collected by Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr., and George Langford (Wilmington, 
Illinois, paleontological field trips, 
1953): collection of fossil invertebrates 
— Illinois 

Purchases: casts of Miocene Homi- 
noidea — Kenya 

Crane Company, Chicago: 3 ti- 
tanium specimens (gift) 

Delco, Ernest, Michigan City, In- 
diana: Mastodon americanus — Indiana 
(gift) 

Hazel, Burrel F., Fort Peck, Mon- 
tana: 3 fossil invertebrates — Montana 
(gift) 



Iacarelli, Dr. Emilio, Firenze, 
Italy: cinnabar specimen — Italy (gift) 

Johnson, Donald M., Jefferson 
City, Missouri: 2 casts of fossil mam- 
mal-teeth (gift) 

Kreutzer, Dan, Chicago: slab of 
fossil invertebrates — Ohio (gift) 

Langford, George, Jr., Hinsdale, 
Illinois: Pennsylvanian insect — Illinois 

Lindberg, G. E., Chicago: Calymene 
niagarensis — Chicago (gift) 

LowENSTAM, Dr. Heinz, Chicago: 
porpoise vertebra — Japan (gift) 

Orvig, Dr. Tor, Stockholm, Sweden: 
fragment of Beyrichein-kalk — Pomer- 
ania (gift); rubber mold of Astraspis 
desiderata — Colorado (gift) 

Ross, Charles A., Urbana, Illinois: 
insect wing — Illinois (gift) 

Rubens, Mrs. Marion, Chicago: 
double strand seed-pearl necklace (gift) 

Schneider, E. E., Chicago: hand 
specimen of blue opaline quartz por- 
phyry, several small crystals — Texas 
(gift) 

Schwerdtfager, William E., Rock 
Falls, Illinois: 3 shark teeth, 2 plesio- 
saur teeth — Kansas (gift) 

Smolker, Robert, Chicago: Acan- 
thotelson stimpsoni — Will County, Illi- 
nois (gift) 

Texas, University of, Bureau of 
Economic Geology, Austin: cast of 
skull of Pliohippus fossulatus — Texas 
(exchange) 

Thomas, Dr. William B., Lyons, 
New Jersey: 15 concretions, 7 con- 
taining fossil fishes — Greenland (gift) 

Turnbull, Mr. and Mrs. William 
D.: insect wing, complete Phlegothontia 
skeleton, collection of fossil plants and 
invertebrates — Will County, Illinois 
(gift) 



92 



Whitfield, Jon, Evanston, Illinois: 
part of elytron of cockroach — Will 
County, Illinois (gift) 



Whitfield, Mrs. Robert H., Evans- 
ton, Illinois: Pennsylvanian insect — 
Will County, Illinois (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: Department of 
Fishes and Aquatics, 2 fishes — Ba- 
hama Islands (gift); Department of 
Insects and Spiders, 3 insects (1 para- 
type and 2 cotypes) — South America 
(gift) 

Arctic Health Research Center, 
Anchorage, Alaska: 12 mammal skulls 
— Alaska (permanent loan) 

Bauman, Joseph, Chesterton, Indi- 
ana: 2 salamanders — Illinois (gift) 

Beetle, Dorothy E., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 5 lots of shells — South 
America (gift) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Ten- 
nessee: 2 lizards, 1 snake, 9 insects, 2 
beetle pupae — United States and Eu- 
rope (gift) 

Bequaert, Dr. Joseph, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 12 batflies — Cocha- 
bamba, Bolivia (exchange) 

Biological Institute of Tel Aviv, 
Tel Aviv, Israel: 1 bird — Wadi Hatira, 
Israel (gift) 

BoGNAR, A., Whiting, Indiana: 16 
mammals — Indiana and Texas (gift) 

Brown, Dr. Walter C, Palo Alto, 
California: 87 reptiles and amphibians 
—United States (gift) 

BuswELL, Robert G., New Wales, 
Pennsylvania, and Clark G. Buswell, 
Los Angeles: shell collection of the late 
Dr. Clark A. Buswell (approximately 
1,000 specimens) — worldwide (gift) 

Cagle, Dr. Fred R., New Orleans: 
6 turtles (paratypes) — Alabama and 
Mississippi (gift) 

California, University of. Di- 
vision OF Entomology and Parasi- 
tology, Berkeley: 5 beetles (paratypes) 
— Oregon and California (gift) 

Calvary, Dr. Ellen, Chicago: 1 
land snail — Glacier National Park (gift) 

Capurro, Dr. Luis, Santiago, Chile: 
4 frogs — Chile (exchange) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 2 
birds — French Guiana and Venezuela 
(exchange); 4 eels, 1 blenny — Guam 
(gift) 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Harry A. Beatty (West 
Africa Zoological Expedition, 1950-52) : 
126 mammals, 325 birds, 147 reptiles 
and amphibans 518 insects, 7 lots of 
crabs and snails — West Africa 

Collected by D. D wight Davis and 
Robert F. Inger (Borneo Zoological Ex- 
pedition, 1950): 846 insects and their 
allies — Borneo 

Collected by Luis de la Torre and 
William G. Reeder (Guatemala Zoo- 
logical Expedition, 1952): 48 mammals, 
1,023 insects and their allies — Guate- 
mala 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (Cali- 
fornia Zoological Field Trip, 1952): 6 
salamanders — western United States 

Collected by Donald Erdman (West 
Indies Zoological Expedition, 1953): 1 
sea snake, 2,002 fishes — West Indies 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (North- 
west Zoological Field Trip, 1953): 18 
reptiles and amphibians, 123 lots of 
lower invertebrates — northwestern 
coast of United States and Canada 

Collected by Philip Hershkovitz 
(Colombia Zoological Expedition, 1948- 
52): 119 reptiles and amphibians, 479 
insects and their allies — Colombia 

Collected by Robert F. Inger (local 
field work): 2 fishes — Lake Chatauqua, 
Illinois 

Collected by CliflFord H. and Sarah 
Pope (West Coast Zoological Field 
Trip, 1953): 1 bat, 394 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Mexico and western United 
States 

Collected by Dr. D. S. Rabor (Philip- 
pine Islands field work): 28 mammals 
— Philippine Islands 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn 
(Peruvian Zoological Expedition, 1946) : 
62 insects — Ecuador 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark and Charles Griffin (Venezuela 
Botanical Expedition, 1953); 21 mam- 
mals, 21 birds, 7 reptiles and amphi- 
bians, 51 fishes — Venezuela 

Collected by Loren P. Woods and 
Robert F. Inger (Co-operative Field 



93 



Work with United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service in Gulf of Mexico, 
1952): 418 lots of fishes 

Purchases: 153 mammals, 2,980 birds, 
282 reptiles and amphibians, 748 fishes, 
approximately 20,000 insects and their 
allies (including 2,500 fossil insects in 
amber), 741 lots of lower invertebrates 

Transfers: 3 birdskins and 172 nest- 
ling birds in alcohol — from the Depart- 
ment of the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 1 tuatara, 5 mammals, 

1 bird — various localities (gift) 
Cook, Harry L., Chicago: 8 fishes 

—Brazil (gift) 

CoRYNDON Museum, Nairobi, East 
Africa: 20 beetles — Africa (exchange) 

Deem, Private First Class 
Charles P., APO San Francisco: 

2 fishes — Korea (gift) 

DE LA Torre, Luis, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 24 mammals, 451 insects 
and their allies — Guatemala (gift) 

Deliberto, Riccy, Westmont, Illi- 
nois: shed skin of garter snake — Illinois 
(gift) 

Demaree, Delzie, Ocean Springs, 
Mississippi: 62 shells — Mississippi (gift) 

Deuquet, C, Oatley, New South 
Wales, Australia: 4 insects and their 
allies — Australia (gift) 

Dodge, Dr. Harold, Savannah, 
Georgia: 7 insects (paratypes) — United 
States (gift) 

Donovan, Mr. and Mrs. J. W., 
West Palm Beach, Florida: 42 lots of 
mollusks — Canada (gift) 

Drake, Robert J., Tucson, Arizona: 
5 shells (2 paratypes) — Chihuahua, 
Mexico (gift) 

Dundee, Harold A., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 179 reptiles and amphibians 
— United States (exchange) 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 104 insects — Illinois (gift) 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
approximately 6,500 termites (con- 
taning many paratypes and cotypes) — 
worldwide (gift) 

English, Charles L., Miami, 
Florida: 4 bats — Florida (gift) 

Fechtner, Frederick R., Chicago: 
1 clam — Illinois (gift) 

Field Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 20 snakes, 57 lots of lower inver- 



tebrates — Persian Gulf and Florida 
(gift) 

Fleming, Dr. Robert L., Mussoorie, 
India: 265 birds — India (gift and ex- 
change) 

Florida State Board of Health, 
Jacksonville: 365 bats (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem, Israel: 
2 worm snakes — Israel (gift) 

Haltenorth, Dr. Theodore, Mu- 
nich, Germany: 3 mammals — Germany 
(exchange) 

Harbours and Marine, Depart- 
ment OF, Brisbane, Australia: 120 fishes 
— Queensland and Great Barrier Reef 
(exchange) 

Harris, Lucien, Jr., Avondale Es- 
tates, Georgia: 2 insect cocoons — Stone 
Mountain, Georgia (gift) 

Hedley, John, Edinburgh, Scotland: 
2 civet skins and claw of honey bear — 
Bukit Kretam, North Borneo (gift) 

Helton, John T., Troy, Alabama: 
1 snake — Alabama (gift) 

Hendrickson, Dr. John R., Univer- 
sity of Malaya, Singapore: 264 fishes — 
Singapore and vicinity (exchange); 22 
snakes — locality unknown (gift) 

HiLDEBRAND, Henry, Port Aransas, 
Texas: 1 fish — southern Gulf of Mexico 
(gift) 

HoLLEY, F. E., Lombard, Illinois: 
19 insects — New York and Illinois (gift) 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
965 mammals, 103 birds, 1,135 reptiles 
and amphibians, 321 insects — various 
localities (gift) 

Horowitz, Samuel, Chicago: 1 
lizard — New York (gift) 

Howell, Robert, Norfolk, Virginia: 
24 shells — Virginia (gift) 

Johnson, J. E., Jr., Waco, Texas: 3 
snakes — Texas (gift) 

Kelley, W. E., Elyria, Ohio: 2 cray- 
fish — Indiana (gift) 

Kelson, Dr. Keith R., Lawrence, 
Kansas: 2 bats — Japan (gift) 

King, Wilbur L., Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania: 1 mussel — Mississippi River 
at Dubuque, Iowa (gift) 

Komarek, Edwin V., Thomasville, 
Georgia: 24 bats — Georgia (gift) 

Krauss, N. L. H., Belize, British 
Honduras: 17 reptiles and amphibians 
— various localities (gift) 

Laird, Dr. Marshall, Suva, Fiji: 
128 reptiles and amphibians — Fiji Is- 
lands (gift) 



94 



Lamb, Dana, Corona del Mar, Cali- 
fornia: 1 ant — Lower California (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 2 
snakes — New Mexico and West Africa 
(gift) 

Long, Lewis E., Washington, D.C.: 
2 mammals, 52 reptiles and amphibians, 
11 lots of lower invertebrates — Brazil 
(gift) 

Lopez, H. Souza de, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 172 shells— Brazil (gift) 

LowRiE, Dr. Donald, Moscow, 
Idaho: 130 insects and their allies — 
North America (gift) 

LucENA, DuRVAL T. DE, Pernam- 
buco, Brazil: 31 shells — Brazil (gift) 

Marshall, Joseph T., Tucson, Ari- 
zona: 2 lizards (paratypes) — Marshall 
Islands (gift) 

Matsubara, Kiyamatsu, Kyoto, 
Japan: 7 fishes — Japan (gift) 

McEwen, E. H., Aklavik, Canada: 
9 frogs — Canada (gift) 

McGrew, Dr. Paul 0., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 3 mammal skeletons — Wyo- 
ming (exchange) 

Medem, Dr. Frederick J., Bogota, 
Colombia: 23 mammals, 80 crocodilians 
— Colombia (gift) 

Medical Entomology Unit, Chamb- 
lee, Georgia: 4 flies (paratypes) — 
Maryland and Georgia (gift) 

Michigan, University of. Museum 
OF Zoology, Ann Arbor: 500 fishes — 
United States (exchange); approxi- 
mately 200 lots of shells — Canada (gift) 

Millar, P. W., Fort Lauderdale, 
Florida: 1 beetle — Florida (gift) 

Moore Museum, Joseph, Rich- 
mond, Indiana: 1 bird — Indiana (gift) 

MoRETON, Mrs. David P., Wilmette, 
Illinois: 100 shells — worldwide (gift) 

MosER, Dr. Reuben A., Omaha, 
Nebraska: 2 birds — United States (gift) 

MuMFORD, Dr. Russell E., Cort- 
land, Indiana: 12 bats — Indiana (gift) 

MUSEO DE HiSTORIA NATURAL DE 

La Salle, Bogota, Colombia: 25 snakes 
— Colombia (gift) 

Museum National d'Histoire Na- 
TURELLE, Paris: 32 bats — Madagascar, 
France, Italy (exchange) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 7 reptiles 
and amphibians (2 paratypes) — various 
localities (exchange) 



National Museums, Department 
OF, Colombo, Ceylon: 8 reptiles — 
Ceylon (exchange) 

Pacific Science Board, Honolulu: 
264 insects — Micronesia (gift) 

Pain, T., London: 9 shells — various 
localities (gift) 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 3,595 insects — Arizona (gift) 

Patterson, Alan, Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 30 mollusks — Chapadmalal, Ar- 
gentina (exchange) 

Pazzaglia, Paul, Chicago: 1 cat 
skeleton — Chicago (gift) 

Pbnnak, Robert W., Boulder, Colo- 
rado: 35 shells — New Mexico (gift) 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Ven- 
ezuela: 12 birds — Venezuela (gift) 

Rabor, Dr. D. S., Negros, Philippine 
Islands: 46 birds — Philippine Islands 
(exchange) 

Rausch, Dr. Robert, Anchorage, 
Alaska: 5 mammals, 1 mammal skull — 
Alaska (gift) 

Record, Verne C, Chicago: 1 hor- 
net nest — Cordova, Illinois (gift) 

Richardson, Douglas W., Home- 
1 snake — Mississippi 



Illinois: 



Juan A., Mayaguez, 
2 snakes — Venezuela 



wood, 
(gift) 

RiVERO, Dr. 
Puerto Rico: 
(gift) 

ROMER, J. D., Hong Kong: 4 snakes 
— Hong Kong (exchange) 

RozE, Dr. Janis A., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 4 reptiles and amphibians — 
Venezuela (gift) 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale. New York: 237 lots of shells- 
worldwide (gift) 

Science Museum, Jamaica, British 
West Indies: 1 fish — Jamaica (ex- 
change) 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Home- 
wood, Illinois: 1 worm snake, 2 beetles 
(holotypes) — Mexico and Philippine 
Islands (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: 1 snake (paratype) 
— Colombia (exchange) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
105 fishes — Bahama Islands (gift) 

Shirk, Joseph H., Peru Indiana: 6 
mammal skulls — Arizona and New 
Mexico (gift) 

Shoemaker, H. H., Champaign, Illi- 
nois: 42 lots of fishes — Gulf of Mexico 
(exchange) 



95 



Sick, Dr. Helmut, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 3 shells— Brazil (gift) 

SiOLi, Dr. Harald, Belem, Brazil: 
142 shells— Brazil (gift) 

Sjodahl, Lars H., Chicago: 1 moth 
and moth larva — Chicago (gift) 

Slater, Dr. James C, Ames, Iowa: 

5 insects (2 paratypes) — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

Smith, Burk, Oak Park, Illinois: 9 
insects — United States (gift) 

Smith, Dr. Hobart M., Urbana, 
Illinois: 1 lizard (paratype) — United 
States (gift) 

Sperber, Dr. Karel, Chicago: 58 
shells — Seychelles (gift) 

Stanford University, Stanford 
University, California: 6 fishes (para- 
types) — North Borneo (exchange) 

SwANSON, W. B., Sydney, Australia: 

6 turtles — Australia (gift) 

Tarrant, Ross, Lake Geneva, Wis- 
consin: 19 fishes — Wisconsin and Flor- 
ida (gift) 

Trapido, Dr. Harold, Panama, 
Panama: 82 reptiles and amphibians 
(1 type and 34 paratypes) — Panama, 
Corsica, and Sardinia (gift) 

Traub, Lieutenant Colonel 
Robert, Washington, D.C.: 25 insects 
(2 paratypes, 1 holotype) — various lo- 
calities (gift) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: ap- 
proximately 600 fishes — Gulf of Mexico 
(gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 1 bird, 5 frogs 
(1 paratype), 7 fishes — various locali- 
ties (exchange) 



United States Navy Medical Re- 
search Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt: 973 
fishes — Egypt (gift and exchange) 

Universidad Nacional de Tucu- 
MAN, Tucuman, Argentina: 72 frogs — 
Argentina (exchange) 

Universitetets Zoologiske Mu- 
seum, Copenhagen, Denmark: 5 reptiles 
and amphibians (4 paratypes) — Iran 
(exchange) ; 2 mammals — Philippine Is- 
lands (gift) 

Van Trump, Mrs. James, Pavillion, 
Wyoming: 6 fairy shrimp — Wyoming 
(gift) 

Webb, Walter F., St. Petersburg, 
Florida: 6 shells — worldwide (gift) 

Weimann, Marian R., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 4 reptiles and amphibians — 
Rhodes (gift) 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Lima, 
Peru: 429 shells— Peru (gift) 

Williams, Dr. John G., Nairobi, 
East Africa: 2 birds — Atlantic Ocean 
(gift) 

WoLFFSOHN, A., Gallon Jug, British 
Honduras: 10 reptiles and amphibians 
 — British Honduras (gift) 

Wood, F. G., Marineland, Florida: 
1 fish (paratype) — Matanzas Inlet, 
Florida (gift) 

Wygodzinsky, Dr. Petr, Tucuman, 
Argentina: 320 beetles — Argentina 
(gift) 

Wyoming, University of, Depart- 
ment OF Geology, Laramie: 7 mam- 
mals — Wyoming (exchange) 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, 
Illinois: 4 fishes — Melbourne Beach, 
Florida (gift) 

Zoological Society of London, 
London: 1 mammal, 7 reptiles and am- 
phibians — various localities (gift) 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION-ACCESSIONS 



Eastman Kodak Company, Chicago: 
30 2x2 natural-color slides (duplicates) 
—gift 

Johnson, H. J., Chicago: 41 2x2 
natural-color slides (40 originals, 1 du- 
plicate) — gift 



Mitchell, C. B., Chicago: 76 2x2 
natural-color slides (49 originals, 27 du- 
plicates) — gift 

Smith, Mrs. Ellen T., Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 8 standard black-and-white 
slides — gift 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago NaturalHistory Museum : 
Made by Division of Photography: 



2,032 negatives, 18,153 prints, 925 en- 
largements, 285 lantern slides 



96 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago NaturalHistory Museum : 
Made by D. D wight Davis (at Mu- 
seum from specimens from Madagas- 
car): "Chameleons," 400 feet of 16mm 
color film (edited and titled, no sound 
track) ; 1 black-and-white negative and 
1 black-and-white print of same given 
by Zooparade (TV program) 

Coronet Educational Films, Chi- 
cago: "Ancient Egypt," 400 feet of 
16mm color-and-sound print — purchase 



Encyclopaedia Britannica Filmsj 
Inc., Wilmette, Illinois: "Indian 
Dances" (produced by the American 
Museum of Natural History), 400 feet 
of 16mm color-and-sound print — pur- 
chase 

International Film Bureau, Chi- 
cago: "Living Science Series," 16mm 
color-and-sound prints (4 short reels 
on birds, total time 22 minutes) — 
purchase 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM-ACCESSIONS 

Donors (Institutions) 

Chicago Historical Society, Chicago John Crerar Library, Chicago 

Container Corporation of America, 
Chicago 



Donors (Individuals) 

Christensen, Peder A., Cleveland, Ohio 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana 

Grey, Marion, Highland Park, Illinois 

Kibbe, Dr. Alice L., Carthage, Illinois 



Pearse, Langdon, Winnetka, Illinois 
Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michigan 
Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 

Illinois 
Schwengel, Dr. Jeanne S., Scarsdale, 

New York 
Yager, Marion, Oneonto, New York 



Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift^ Exchange^ or Purchase) 

BOOKS 

Bennett, Alfred William, The flora of the Alps, London, 2 v. (1897) 

Benoit, Luigi, Illustrazione sistematica, criiica, iconografica de'Testacei estramarini 

della Sicilia ulteriore e delle isole circostanti, Napoli (1857-[62]) 
Berge, F., Conchylienbuch, oder allgemeine und besondere Naturgeschichte der 

Muscheln und Schnecken . . . Stuttgart (1850) 
Bielz, Eduard Albert, Fauna der Land- und Silsswasser Mollusken Siebenbilrgens, 

2. Aufl. (1867) 

Bonstedt, Carl, Pareys Blumengartnerei, 2 v. (1931-32) 

Bourguignat, Jules Rene, Malacologie du Lac des Quatre-C anions et de ses environs, 
Paris (1862) 

Brongniart, Charles, Recherches pour servir a Vhistoire des insectes fossiles des 
temps primaires . . . Saint-Etienne (1893) 

Buchner, Paul, Endosymbiose der Tiere mit pflanzlichen Mikro-organismen, Basel 
(1953) 

Burnat, Emile, Flore des Alpes maritimes, 7 v. in 4 (1892-1931) 

Camus, Aimee, Les chataigniers, Monographie des genres Castanea et Castanopsis 

(1928-29) 

97 



-, Les cypres (genre Cupressus) Monographie, systematique anatomie, culture, 



principaux usages (1914) 

,Cayeux, Lucien, Causes anciennes et causes actuelles en geologic (1941) 

, Les roches sedimentaires de France (1935) 

Correns, Carl Wilhelm, Einfuhrung in die Mineralogie, Kristallographie und 
Petrologie (1949) 

Cotte, I., Manuel d'histoire naturelle, ou tableaux systematiques des trois regnes 
mineral, vegetal et animal (1787) 

Cox, Euan Hillhouse Methven, ed., The new flora and silva, v. 1-11 (1939-40) 

Dice, Lee Raymond, The biotic provinces of North America (1943) 

Ekman, Sven Petrus, Zoogeography of the sea, translated from the Swedish by 

Elizabeth Palmer ([1953]), translation and revision of Tier geographic des 

Meeres (1935) 
Emberger, Louis, Les plantes fossiles dans leurs rapports avec les vegetaux vivants 

(1944) 

Fitzinger, Leopold Joseph Franz Johann, Revision der zur natUrlichen Familie 
der Katzen (Feles) gehorigen Formen (1868-69) 

Gassies, Jean Baptiste, Faune conchyliologique terrestre et ftuviolacustre de la 
Nouvelle-Caledonie (1863-71) 

Gesner, Konrad, Historiae animalium, Liber I-III, Francofurti, Tiguri, 3 v. in 2 
(1620, 1617, 1555) 

Gola, Giuseppe, L'Orto Botanico; quattro secoli di attivitd {15^5-191^5), (1947) 

Gram, Ernst, and Anna Weber, Plant diseases in orchard, nursery and garden 
crops [2nd ed.] ([1953]) 

Gronland, Johannes, Die Wichtigsten Gift- und Kulturpflanzen, 7. Aufl., 3. Neu- 
druck (n.d.) 

Hagerup, Olaf, On the origin of some angiosperms through the Gnetales and the 

Coniferae, 4 v. (1934-39) 
Heyerdahl, Thor, American Indians in the Pacific ([1953]) 

Holandre, Fr., Abrege d'histoire naturelle des quadrupedes vivipares et des oiseaux, 
8 V. (1790) 

Hymenopterist's handbook (1945) 

International symposium on anthropology. New York, 1952, Anthropology today: 

an encyclopedic inventory, prepared under the chairmanship of A. L. Kroeber 

([1953]) 
Janssonius, Hindrik Haijo, and Jan Willem Moll, Mikrographie des Holzes der 

auf Java vorkommenden Baumarten ... 7 v. (1906 [i.e. 1908J-36) 
Jentink, Fredericus Anna, and others. Catalogue osteologique des mammiferes 

(1887-1908) (Tome IX a Deel XIV, Revue methodique et critique des 

collections deposees dans cet etablissement) 

Johansen, Donald Alexander, Plant microtechnique (1940) 

Kenyon, Kathleen M., Beginning in archaeology (1953) 

Kickx, Jean, Specimen inaugurate exhibens synopsin molluscorum, Brabantiae 
Australi indigenorum . . . (1830) 

Kirchner, Heinrich, Die wichtigsten Versteinerungen Frankens aus dem Buntsand- 
stein, Muschelkalk und Keupter (1928) 

Korschelt, Eugen, Der Gelbrand Dytiscus marginalis L. ... 2 v. (1923-24) 

Kuhn, Oskar, Lehrbuch der Palaozoologie (1949) 

Lacroix, Pierre, The organization of bones, translated from the amended French 

edition by Stewart Gilder (1951) 
Lameere, Auguste, Manuel de la faune de Belgique, 3 v. (1895-1907) 

Latreille, Pierre Andre, Genera Crustaceorum et insectorum secundum ordinem 
naturalem in familias disposita, inconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata . . . 
4 V. (1806-9) 

98 



Lethaea Geognostica, Handbuch der Erdgeschichte mit Abbildungen der fiir die 

Formationen bezeichnendsten Versteinerungen . . . Stuttgart (1876-1914) 

(Theil I, Bd. 1 and atlas; Bd. 2, Lief 1, 3-4) (Theil II, Bd. 1; Bd. 3, 

Lief 1-3) (Theil III, Bd. 2) 
Lid, Johannes, Norsk Flora, 2. utgava (1952) 
Lilljeborg, Wilhelm, Sveriges och Norges fiskar, 3 v. ([pref. 1891]) 
Lowe, Richard Thomas, Primitiae faunae et florae Maderae et Portus Sancti (1831) 
Lumnitzer, Johann Georg, Naturhistorische Tafeln des Thierreichs . . . (1825) 
Matsumura, Shonen, 6000 illustrated insects of Japan-Empire (1931) 
Paulian, Renaud, La vie des scarabees, 4th ed. ([1944]) 
Porta, Antonio, Fauna coleopterorum italica, 5 v. in 3 (1923-32) 
Potonie, Henry, Abbildungen und Beschreibungen fossiler Pflanzen-Reste der 

palaeozoischen und mezozoischen Formationen, 9 v. (1903-13) 
Ramis, Aly Ibrahim, Bestimungstabellen zur Flora von Aegypten (1929) 
Ricketts, Edward Flanders, and Jack Calvin, Between Pacific tides, 3rd ed. rev. 

([1952]) 
Romer, Fritz, Fauna Arctica: eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen 

... 6 V. in 7, Jena (1900-1933) 
Servain, Georges, Etude sur les mollu^ques recueillis en Espagne et en Portugal (1880) 
Stamp, Lawrence Dudley, An introduction to stratigraphy (British Isles), 2nd ed. 

rev. (1934) 
Tansley, Arthur George, The British islands and their vegetation, 2 v. (1949) 
Temminck, Coenraad Jacob, Verhandelingen over de Natuurlijke Geschiedenis der 

Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen, door de Leden der Natuurkundige com- 

missie in Indie en andere Schrijvers, Leiden, 3 v. (1839-44) 
Tenthredo; acta entomologica, v. 1-4, no. 2 (1926-34) 
Thomson, Carl Gustaf, Skandinaviens coleoptera, 10 v., Lund (1859-68) 
Das Tierreich, Lief 3-7, 10-11, 14, 17, 19, 20-21, 23, 25, 29, 31-35, 38-40, 42, 47, 

50-54, 56-61, 64-65, 68-70 
Traite de Paleontologie, v. 1,2, Paris (1952) 



SERIALS 

The butterfly farmer, Truckee, v. 1 (1913-14) 

Capita Zoologica, The Hague, v. 1-8 (1921-39) 

Coleopterologisches Centralblatt; Organ fiir systematische Coleopterologie der 

palaarktischen Zone, v. 1-6, no. 1, Berlin (1926-32) 
Entomologische Blatter; Zeitschrift fiir Biologie und Systematik der Kafer, 

V. 33-35, 38, Berlin (1937-42) 
Entomologische Gesellschaft, Halle a. S. Mitteilungen, nos. 1-20 (1909-44) 
Entomologisches Nachrichtenblatt; Organ fiir Entomologie und entomologische 

Hilfsmittel, v. 1-13, Troppau (1927-39) 
Entomologist's gazette, London, v. 1 — (1950 — ) 
The entomologist's weekly intelligencer, London, v. 1-10 (1856-61) 
Graellsia. Revista de Entomologos Espanoles, v. 1-7, Madrid (1934-49) 
Horion, Adolf, Faunistik der Mitteleuropdischen Kafer, v. 1 — (1941 — ) 
Manchester Geological and Mining Society. Transactions, v. 1-3 (1841-62), 

V. 28, nos. 16-20 (1903-5) 
Mochul'skii, Viktor Ivanovich, ed.. Etudes entomx)logiques, v. 7, 8, 10, 11 (1858-62) 
Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Gorlitz. Abhandlungen, v. 5, pts. 1-2 (1848-50), 

V. 12-23 (1865-1901) 
Revue Enlomologique, Strasbourg, v. 1-5 (1833-37) 
Societe Fouad ler d'Entomologie, Cairo. Memoires, v. 1-4 (1908-37) 
Stettiner entomologische Zeitung, Stettin, v. 1-76 (1840-1915), v. 86-99 (1925-38) 



99 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* Deceased 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 
Graham, Ernest R.* 



Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M,* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 
Beyer, Prof. H. O. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Field, Marshall 



Field, Stanley 

Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



Harris, Albert W. 



Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, PhiHp M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 

Deceased, 1953 
Knight, Charles R. 



Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



100 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abb6 Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P Georges 



Humbert, Professor 
Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 



Keith, Professor Sir 
Arthur 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 

* Deceased 



Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Buchen, Walther 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H. 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 



$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 
China 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 



101 



CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 



Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 

Witkowsky, James* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cory, Charles B., Jr. 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Doering, 0. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

* Deceased 



Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 



Nichols, Henry W.* 

O'Dell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Clarence* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse, Langdon 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Bryon L.* 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 



Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs, William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Searle, John G. 



102 



CORPORATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



Vernay, Arthur S. 
Ware, Louis 



White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



Deceased. 1953 
Knight, Charles R. Wetten, Albert H. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, Lester 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Bates, George A. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton L 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 



Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 



Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter RadcliflFe 

Ladd, John 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

CliflFord 
Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 



103 



LIFE MEMBERS {continued) 



Shirk, Joseph H. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Robert J. 



Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 

Barnhart, Miss 
Gracia M. F. 



Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George L. 

Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 

Deceased, 1953 
Butler, Rush C. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 



Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, PhiHp K. 



Hayes, William F. 
Jarnagin, William N. 
McKinlay, John 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 



Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 



Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Moeller, George 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 



Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Shirey, Dwight 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 



Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 



Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harrv 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 



104 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, Mrs. John 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 



Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Prof. 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 



Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Mrs. John 

Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 



105 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F, 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Isidore 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 



Butler, Paul 

Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 

Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Jeannette 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 



Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 



106 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Creange, A. L. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Crowley, C. A. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F, 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
deDardel, Carl O. 
Deeming, W. S. 



Degen, David 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 



Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
EgloflF, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W, 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 

Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Erickson, James A. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs. J. B. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 



107 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Howard 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 



Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, William 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
GifTey, Miss Hertha 
GifFord, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 



Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 



108 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harms, VanDeursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 



Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 



Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Bertol 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 



109 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Layman 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katharine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 



Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, J. Morris 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, Mrs. Henry S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 



Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 



110 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson O. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langenbach.Mrs.AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 



Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
La vers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavezzorio, N. J. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
LeBaron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
LeTourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence 0. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Liss, Samuel 



Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 



Ill 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 



McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. JamesB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H, 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R.. Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R, 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 



Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T., Jr. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Paul, 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Jane 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W, 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Michael 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 



Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
OrndofF, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Axel A. 



Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Pray, Max 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pur cell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Puttkammer, E. W, 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farnsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Rengenstein, Joseph 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Regnery, William H. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 



Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 



Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 



114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Scribner, Gilbert 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

DeWitt 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. L 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 



Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs, Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, W, Lynwood 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
So per, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Sf)ertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 

Spooner, Charles W. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Steams, Mrs. Richard L 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 



Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stem, David B., Jr. 
Stem, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tyler, Thomas, S. 

Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 



Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
VanDeventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
VonColditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 



Wassell, Joseph 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weber, Mrs. William S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. Paul 



116 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H, 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, H. B., Sr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 



Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. 

Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. 

Charles W. 



Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 



Alden, William T. 
Alexander, Mrs. 
Arline V. 

Bachmeyer, Dr. Arthur C. 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Bartlett, Frederic C, 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Bernstein, Philip 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

de Koven 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Brock, A. J. 
Butler, John M. 
Butz, Theodore C. 

Cameron, Will J. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Gary, Dr. Eugene 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Conkey, Henry P. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cooke, Miss Flora J. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cudahy, Mrs. Joseph M. 

Davey, Mrs. Bruce C. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Dickey, Roy 



Deceased, 1953 
DuBois, Laurence M. 

Eddy, Thomas H. 
Erskine, Albert de Wolf 
Eustice, Mrs. Alfred L. 

Falk, Miss Amy 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 

Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Gerber, Max 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Green, Robert D. 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 

Hartwig, Otto J. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Hills, Edward R. 

Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jennings, Ode D. 

Kimball, David W. 
Kraft, James L. 

Lebold, Foreman N. 
Levitetz, Nathan 



Loewenthal, Richard J. 

McCormack, Prof. Harry 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Monroe, William S. 

Norton, R. H. 

Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plunkett, William H. 
Poor, Fred A. 

Redmond, Forrest H. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 

Schnering, Otto Y. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Shields, James Culver 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Silvertongue, Mrs. Ray 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Steffey, David R. 

Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 

Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Woodmansee, Fay 



117 



NON'RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 



Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Lindboe, S. R. 



Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 



Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Niederhauser, Homer Stevens, Edmund W. 

Phillips, Montagu Austin Trott, James Edwards 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 
Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Bingham, Carl G. 
Crooks, Harry D. 
Holmblad, Dr. Edward C. 
Kraus, William C. 
Lamons, Dr. Donald C. 



Levi, Julian H. 

Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 

Pope, John W. 
Prall, Bert R. 

Ross, Earl 



Scott, Willis H. 
Smith, J. P. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 

Vanlandingham, 
Charles C. 

Wilson, D. H. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 
Those who contribute $1 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Acosta, J. D. 
Adams, Mrs. Carleton B. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adler, David 
Adler, William H. 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allaway, William H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Dr. C. E. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alton, Robert LesHe 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
American, John G. 



Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Andreas, Osborn 
Andresen, Raymond H. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Arado, A. D. 
Archer, Ralph C. 
Armstrong, William A. 
ArnkofT, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Warren 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Howard 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 



Avery, Guy T. 
Avery, Robert N. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bachman, E. E. 
Backman, C. E. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Baldwin, John R. Walsh 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 

Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Barancik, Maurice A. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard, Albert T. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 



118 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Bartoli, Peter 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Baukus, J. Algert 
Bauman, P. J. 
Bauman, Walter J. 
Baxter, Mark L. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beatty, Gilbert A. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Max 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers, Zenas H. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, D wight W. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Bent, Mrs. Maurice H. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, Mrs. Eugene T. 
Beven, T. D. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bidwill, Arthur, J. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 



Biersborn, Charles F. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James J. R. T. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Miss Ruth 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blatchford, Edward W. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, Frank W. 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Boat Wright, Lester H. 
Bobus, Charles E. 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boland, Ray H. 
Bolt, Alfred E. 
Bonfig, Henry C. 
Borinstein, Marcus E. 
Borland, Mrs. 

Herbert A. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bower, D. Robert 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, B. W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, Miss Helen 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 



Bradshaw, Robert Y. 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brando, Marlon 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Bredberg, Harold L. 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brent, John F. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brock, Edson M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bronner, Maurice H. 
Bronner, Max E. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Brown, A. P. 
Brown, Adelbert 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Richard William 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Bruce, A. D. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bruns, Herman H. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Brye, Edvin 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Bucuss, John G. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Bulk, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnap, Carl 



119 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Burns, Peter T. 
Burrell, D. H., Ill 
Burrell, Mrs. Stanley M. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bush, Dr. Thadd F. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Butz, Herbert K. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Mrs. Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, 0. E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Caldwell, Jonathan Q. 
Callan, T. J. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Mrs. C. C. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Keith S. 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Capek, Charles A. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cermak, Mrs. Gertrude 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, T. R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chandik, Theodore 
' Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapman, Charles J. 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 



Chenoweth, Mrs. 

Edwin G. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, Dr. Albert J. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chester, W. T. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, William C. 
Chor, Dr. Herman 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christian, John F. 
Christ- Janer, Albert 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Chulock, Willmar, A. 
Church, Freeman S. 
Church, William S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Kenneth L. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clarke, H. G. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Cleaver, J. B. 
Cleaver, Mrs. 

Russell G. 
Clements, G. L. 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, 0. W. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Close, Gordon R. 
Close, James W. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Clyne, R. W. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coburn, Abbott 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coffin, T. R. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cogswell, G. E. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohn, David 
Colbert, Charles A. 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 



Collier, Mrs. 

Corina Melder 
Collier, J. J. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colmes, Walter 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Colwell, Mrs. Donald L. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Congdon, Dr. Charles B. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Connors, WilHam J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Harry L. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Sherman, R. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin GofT 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Cordray, Mrs David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cotter, James W. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coubeau, A. Frank 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coutandin, Hugo 
Coutney, Worth C. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crabtree, Samuel A. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crawford, Henriques 
Craycraft, Mrs. Douglas 
Cremer, Carl 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crew, Ben L. 
Crisp, Marion Cole 
Cronin, James J. 
Cronin, Kevin W. 
Cross, Robert C. 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Crowe, Philip K. 
Crown, Mrs. Mary 
Crown, Robert 
Crowson, George M. 
Cruttenden, Walter W. 



120 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Culbertson, James G. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culmer, Dr. Charles U. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Gumming, Bruce 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Thomas N. 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Gump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Czachorski, John F. 

Dahlin, Carl A. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Dapples, George H. 
Darby, John H. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darling, Dr. Duane D. 
Darrow, William W. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, J. Philip 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Mrs. DeWitt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Howard Q. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Dean, John S. 
DeCosta, H. J. 
Dee, P. J. 

Deknatel, Frederick H., II 
DeLong, J. I. 
DeMotte, R. J. 
DeParcq, William H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, WiUiam S. 
Dess, William 
DeTolve, Anthony J. 
DeTrana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 



Dewey, Alexander 
DeWitt, Clyde F. 
DeWitt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton 0. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dobkin, I. 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Doern, Philip 
Dolan, Tom 
Domville, Mrs. 

Millington 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dooley, Dr. Robert D. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dos6, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Drummond, John M. 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
DuflFy, John I. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Duval, Nathaniel E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earle, Howard Granger 
Earlandson, Ralph O. 
Early, Preston H. 
Echt, Bernard 
Echt, George 
Eck, Donald R. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 



Edmonds, C. W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eger, Edmond I. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehnborn, Gustave B. 
EhrHch, Arthur A. 
Eiger, Richard Norris 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Franklin Courtney 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emch, Arnold F. 
Emery, DeWitt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, DeWitt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esserman, Irving 
Essley, E. Porter 
Evans, Keith J. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everett, William S. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farley, Mrs. Ruth 

M. McReynolds 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farls, Miss 

Genevieve M. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. 

George J. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farrell, Dr. Leonard F. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Faulhaber, John M. 
Feinberg, Louis 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, H. Folger 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Felsenthal, H, J. 



121 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Fenemore, Miss 

Elisabeth 
Fenn, John F. 
Fenn, Robert S. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, Calvin, Jr. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Fenyes, Dr. George 
Ferguson, J. F. 
Ferrall, James P. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fiffer, Robert S. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Flynn, Mrs. A. D. 
Flynn, Edgar A. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Foulks, William 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Mrs. Davis S. 
Frank, Marvin 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 



Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frisk, Frank O. 
Frosh, Louis E. 
Fruchtman, Edward J. 
Frye, W. P. 
Frystak, A. J. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Futterer, C. O. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Edward S. 
Gage, John N. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 

Gallagher, Miss Alice H. 
Gallauer, William 
Gallery, Mrs. Daniel J. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
GaMache, Louis L. 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Garland, J. S. 
Garlington, William M. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, Charles C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. 

Evelyn M. 
Gee, James W. 
Gekas, John C. 
Gellman, Allen B. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genther, Charles B. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerlach, Norman H. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gianaras, Alec K. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 



Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Gifford, Harry N., Jr. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaman, Miss 

Johanna C. 
Glassner, James J. 
Glattfeld, Prof. 

John W. E. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glover, Chester L. 
Goble, G. B. 
Goder, Joseph 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goetz, Carl L. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leonard 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Dr. Marion Lee 
Gordon, Milton 
Gordon, Norman 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grace, Donald F. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graff, Earl H. 
Graff, Edward 
Graffis, Herbert 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Hitous 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 



122 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, James J. 
Greiner, Otto 
Griffin, Franklin T. 
Griffin, Mrs. 

James A., Jr. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grill, Dr. Frank T. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Grogel, Merrill A. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grombach, Alfred O. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grosboll, James 
Grow, Brimson 
Gruendel, Mrs. 

George H. 
Grunlee, Sigwald C. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Guettler, B. A. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthenz, S. M. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 
Gutstadt, Richard E. 

Hackett, Thad 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Haeger, E. H. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Hajen, Herman F. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hale, T. B. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Mrs. Evelyn F. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Louis W. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Miss Alice 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammel, W. F., Jr. 
Hammond, Dr. Rex D. 
Hammurabi, F. H. 
Hampson, Philip 



Handtmann, G. E. 
Hanna, Ralph A. 
Hannaford, Miss 

Mildred L. 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, William H. 
Hard wi eke, Harry 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, E. Edgerton 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, J. Leslie 
Hart, James A. 
Hart, Dr. John T. 
Hart, L. Edward, Jr. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Harvey, Bennet B. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassell, Warren S. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathaway, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayes, William E. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heaney, Mrs. Floy 
Hearst, Joseph 
Heath, George A. 
Heath, Robert L. 



Hechler, Valentine 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heddens, John W. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helgason, Arni 
Hemmen, Melvern M. 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henner, H. L 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, Don 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herren, Wilson T. 
Herring, H. B. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Herzog, Milan 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hillier, William H. 
Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hindman, Arthur S. 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. ^ 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Charles H. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohenadel, F. A. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 



123 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Holland, Jesse J. 
Hollar, Philip A. 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Homan, Joseph 
Homan, Max 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Dr, J. Gerald 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hoppe, Carl E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard 
Hough, Charles F. 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
Houlihan, Raymond F. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Jonathan T. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Andrew V. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Hughes, Russell P. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, Lathrop W. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hurst, C. N. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hynes, D. P. 

Iker, Charles 
Indelli, William A. 
Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Ingersoll, Roy C. 
Into, Mrs. A. Norman 
Ivry, Lester 



Jack, Martin L. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, M. G. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobson, Egbert 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
James, Allen M. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, David S. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jepsen, Miss Sara 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Bert 
Johnson, Earl 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Julius 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, Otis L. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Robert 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Juckniess, R. A. 
Judd, Mrs. Willis W. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurgensen, R. J. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karnes, William G. 
Karpen, Leo 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kaufman, Mrs. 

Frances J. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kaye, Harry 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 



Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kelce, T. L. 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Keller, Edwin P. 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, I. C. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Sidney M. 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Mrs. Edward J. 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, J. H, 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kidston, Ross H. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kittle, Mrs. CM. 
Klagstad, Harold L. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klefstad, Sievert 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Mrs. 

Philip M. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, Howard 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knox, Merrill B. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koff, Dr. Robert H. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolflat, Alf 



124 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Kolkmeyer, Ralph W. 
Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kovnat, Bernard 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Elmer 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Richard W. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kropp, Raymond 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupnick, Samson 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuhn, Mrs. Joseph 
Kuhnen, C. W. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 
Kuta, A. E. 
Kutchins, Edmund 
Kutchins, Lawrence 
Kuyper, George A. 
Kysor, Mrs. James D. 

Lachman, Harold 
Lagerholm, 

Ferdinand W. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laird, Miss Jane 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lamont, Daniel J. 
Lance, O. C. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 



Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
LaSalle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Laud, Sam 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, William H. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lederer, Irving G. 
Lederer, Joseph M. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lehman, John L. 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Charles J. 
Lesch, Mrs Isabel 

Catharine 
Lesch, John F. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Levy, Albert H. 
Lewendowski, 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, B. F. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Ellis R. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lloyd 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindley, Walter C, Jr. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Line, Dr. Eva J, 
Linn, Joseph M. 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 



Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Lissner, Herbert H. 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litten, Chapin 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Lockefer, Frank V, 
Lockett, Harold 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Lohman, Joseph D. 
Long, H. Dale 
Long, R. E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorenzi, Mrs. George 
Longhead, Miss Ruth 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah O. 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lowy, Walter H, 
Lozar, Rajko 
Lubig, Max 
Ludlow, Mrs. 

Frederick Orr 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, M. F. 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynn, Bernard W. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macholz, Rev. Ignatius 
Mack, John J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Madden, John 



125 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahan, Robert B. 
Mahler, I. H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Malcolmson, R. F. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, 0. 0. 
Manasse, DeWitt J. 
Mann, Dr. Charles 

Milton 
Mann, Earle A. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Mantout, Mrs. Bernard 
Mara, Walter T. 
Maragos, Samuel C. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marek, R. S. 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margeson, Mrs. 

James P., Jr. 
Marion, Stanley W. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marshall, Frank G. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Donald B. 
Martins, P. A. 
Maseng, Trygve 
Mast, Leland J. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, Henry T. 
Mathews, M. M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathias, Paul E. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, H. M. 
Matthews, Francis E. 



Matthews, J. H. 
Maxon, R. C. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Frederick 
Mayfield, W. A. 
McArthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCallister, James 

Maurice 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCombs, Harry F. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McConnell, Thomas C. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdie, N. J. 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McElroy, John W. 
McFayden, Temple 
McGaffigan, Paul K. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Roland 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKee, Albert E. 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLean, Dr. Helen 

Vincent 
McManus, J. L. 
McNabb, Mrs. J. H. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, B. F. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 



McNamara, Robert C. 
McNerney, Frank J. 
McPheron, Eugene R. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mercer, C. W. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merkl, Miss Laura M. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metcoff, Eli 
Mettenet, Francis K. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michalko, Edward 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E, L. 
Miller, Arden E. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. 

William W. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Mitchell, Harry G. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Herbert 
Mitchell, Maurice B. 
Mittelmann, Dr. Eugene 
Mizen, Frederic 

Kimball 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Modene, Oscar F. 
Moll, Edwin 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T, 
Montenier, Jules 
Montgomery, A. E. 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mont Pas, W. F. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, James 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Morgan, Samuel 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Mozeris, Joseph M. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, C. G. 
Muench, Hans 
Muhs, G. F. 

Mulcahy , Mrs. Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullenix, Robert W. 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle W. 
Muntz, Earl W. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzi, H. Earle 

Nacey, Harry M. 
Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 



Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newburg, C. Frank 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, C. G. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nicholson, Dr. F. M. 
Nickel, Walter J. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nikopoulos, George A. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noble, Robert L. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oberf elder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, L. R. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, Martin T. 
O'Brien, Vincent 
O'Brien, Wilbur J. 
O'Brien, William L. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, John J. 
Oechslin, Ernest, Jr. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Oliver, Dr. Richard M. 
Olmsted, C. H. 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Opie, Earle F. 
Oppenheimer, Dr. Leo 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 



Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostrander, E. L. 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Otto, Walter C. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Pace, Anderson 
Pacer, T. S. 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Parent, Warren K. 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parrott, George H. 
Paschal, John William 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, Albert W. 
Paul, L. O. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Stuyvesant 
Peacher, Mrs. D. J. 
Peacock, Charles D , III 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Pearson, Edwin E. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pellow, Ralph 
Pelnar, L. T. 
Pelz, William W. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Perkins, Dr. George L, 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard M. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Peters, Russell L. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Petro, Miss Olive 
Pettengell, James T. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfister, Mrs. C. Eugene 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipp, Mrs. 

Florence M. 
Picher, William S. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Poggenpohl, Andrew 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Polyak, Dr. Stephen 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Poore, Robert W. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Morse 
Pound, G. C. 
Power, John W. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Allen H. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, Owen N. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pringle, Don 
Prior, Frank O. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Pulham, Herbert J. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purinton, Dr. Robert F. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 



Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Marge 
Rampona, Dr. Louis 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 
Ratner, Walter B. 
Raubitschek, Dr. 

Howard A. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redding, George H. 
Reed, Ernest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Philip G. 
Reedy, Mrs. T. J. 
Reeves, H. Edward 
Regan, Mrs. Ben 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Katherine 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Resch, Mrs. Robert P. 
Ressler, Harold B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 
Richard, Sister 
Richards, Mrs. Harper 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richey, Mrs. Russell W. 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 



Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Rizner, Homer R. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Donald D. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Roman, B. F. 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosin, George I. 
Rosner, Manuel 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul . 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubinson, Adolph A. 
Ruby, Norman 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Ruppert, Max K. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Rutherford, M, Drexel 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Saarinen, W. 
Sackett, DeForest 
Saffir, M. A. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Salomon, Ira 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sample, Joseph S. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Julius 
Samuels, Richard L. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sanfilippo, John J. 
SanFilippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sanford, Miss Helen M. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, R. S. 
Savage, Stanley 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaflfner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schelter Charles H. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schonthal, B. E. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, William H. 
Schulz, George H. 



Schulze, Paul, Jr. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwemm, Earl M, 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Mrs. Cortlandt N. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaberg, Edward R. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Searson, R. F. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sembower, John F. 
Semrad, Joseph B. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sergant, Gordon E. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Seyfarth, H. E. 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Dr. S. J. 
Shanahan, J. Robert 
Shanner, Charles T. 
Shannon, Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shantz, Marc A. 
Sharpe, Dr. Kenneth P. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, John W. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Shedden, Mrs. John 
Sheehan, Thomas J. 
Sheldon, Walter M., Jr. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 



Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Sherwin, William A. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shilton, Earle A. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuman, John R. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Silverstein, Milton 
Simpson, Bruce L, 
Sims, Frank S. 
Sims, Paul K. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, William A. 
Siniarski, T. A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sipple, Robert G. 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A, 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Sklower, Miss Ruth I. 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slavik, W. M. 
Slifka, George C. 
Slindee, Edward A, 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. LeRoy H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, CD. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Charles Lambert 
Smith, Dean C. 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, Edward R. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Monroe A. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Snideman, Richard L. 
Snite, John T. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Robert 
Somerville, Mrs. 

William 
Sommers, Bert Edward 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spatta, George 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, William N. 
Spiegel, Dr. L Joshua 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spinka, Dr. Harold M, 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spitzer, Mrs. Sherman T. 
Sponsler, Glen L. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Springer, Clement F. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stair, H. Bo wen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stange, Howard W. 
Stanley, Donald 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starbuck, J. C. 
Stark, W. J. 
Starr, Harry 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Staunton, E. C. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steflfen, Charles 
Steffey, D. Earl 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Frederick 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Steubner, Edwin A. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stewart, George W. 
Stickler, Harold I. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stirn, Henry C. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Herbert Stuart, Jr. 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 



Stonehouse, Elmer H. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stout, Harold H. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, Robert K. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, J. E. 
Suter, Walter Paul 
Sutherland, William W. 
Suyker, Hector 
Swanson, Mrs. W. E. 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swett, Israel 
Swett, Warren C. 
Swidler, Louis 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Taendler, Henry A. 
Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tanzi, Mario 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarr, Lester W. 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Edward L. 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, George H. 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terhune, Miss Virginia 
Terker, Sam 
Teter Park 

Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Theis, Dr. Frank V. 



Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, Mrs. 

Florence S. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, K. L 
Thompson, Dr. 

Willard 0. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thornburn, John M. 
Thome, Frank H. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Enos 
Tiberius, George 
Tice, Winfield 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Timmings, G. H. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Tipple, F. A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Tonn, George 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torflf, Selwyn H. 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William 

Knowlton 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tucker, Albert B. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turney, Russell J. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urbain, Jules, Jr. 
Urbain, Leon F. 
Urban, Andrew 
Urban, Dr. H. J. 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
VanBuskirk, M. G. 
Vance, Charles C. 
Vance, S. M. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
VanderKloot, Nicholas J. 
VanderPloeg, Frank 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanKampen, A. H. 
VanMell, Herman T. 
VanNice, Errett 
VanSchaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Velvel, Charles 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Vernon, Dr. Leroy N. 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinnedge, Albert S. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
VonGehr, George 
VonHenke, Mrs. 

Edmund J. 
Vydra, Frank C. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wadler, Milton Arnold 
Wagner, Clarence P. 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Frederick W., Jr. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 



Warner, Mason 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waters, Gerard E. 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watkins, George H. 
Watling, John 
Watson, John A. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weidler, Donald A. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Weitzel, Mrs. Tony 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, Sidney 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, James D. 
West, Richard H. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Western, North 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wetten, Walton 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Whipple, Gay lord C. 
Whipple, Miss 

Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whitmore, Lyle S. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Whitney, Mrs. Charles R. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Lucille 



Wickman, C. E. 
Wicks, Dr. Mark 
Wieland, John 
Wilber, Allen S. 
Wilbur, Lawrence S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilkinson, William D. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Frederick C. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Robert G. 
Williams, W. J. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willott, Mrs. Adele 
Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Dr. William 
Wiltsee, Herbert 
Windchy, Mrs. 
Frederick O. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wisner, C. V., Jr. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Rollin D. 
Wood, Truman 
Wood, William A. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 

Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yates, Schuyler 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yaworski, A. F. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zaring, Paul B. 



131 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zelinko, George J. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 



Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P, T. 



Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. 

W. R. 
Zolla, Abner M. 



Deceased, 1953 



Allen, Albert H. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 

Babbitt, B. J. 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Boyd, B. W. 
Butterworth, 
Mrs. William 

Clancy, John D., Jr. 
Clarke, H. R. 
Clow, J. Beach 

Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 

Fairman, Miss Marian 
Ferry, John A. 



Froning, Miss 
Margaret E. 

Greenlee, William B. 

Hoffman, Joseph 
Huggett, Martin C. 

Johanigman, S. E. 

Krasberg, Rudolph 

Mayer, Fritz 
McKellar, Archibald D. 
Miller, L. A. 

Nolte, Mrs. Charles B. 



Ottenheimer, Fred L. 

Pearson, Miss Kathleen 
Perlman, I. B. 
Peterson, V. W. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pitt, A. A. 

Roberts, Harlow P. 

Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Stern, Jacob S. 

Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 
Turner 



132 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of Stale 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 
[Seal] Secretary of State. 



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

133 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ^ 

> ss. 
Cook County ) 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



134 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER, 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

135 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

136 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Sexttion 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



ARTICLE V 

THE TREASURER 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the fimds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other jjersons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purp>ose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

137 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

THE AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

committees 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

138 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 
nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

139 



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