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XI B R.AFIY 

OF THL 

U N IVER.SITY 

or ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 
1949-55 



CENTRAL CIRCULATION BOOKSTACKS 

The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its renewal or its return to 
the library from which it was borrowed 
on or before the Latest Date stamped 
below. You may be charged a minimum 
fee of $75.00 for each lost book. 

Iheft, mutilation, and underlining af bo«lc« ar« rMsens 
for dlMiplinar/ ocHon and may result In dismbMl from 
the University. 

TO RENEW CALL TELEPHONE CENTER, 333.4400 
UNIVEKSITY OF IlLINOIS LIBI8AEY AT UMANA-CHAMPAIGN 



MAY 11 1995 
MAY 1 5 1935 



When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date. L162 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 



1954 



Chicago Natural History Museum 




Fabian Bachrach 



ALBERT B. DICK, JR. 
1894-1954 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1936 

A Vice-President of the Museum from 1942 to 1951 

Member of the Executive Committee and Finance Committee 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to thi 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1954 




CHICAGO; ILLINOIS 

1955 



THE LIBRARY OF LIE 

JUW i 6 IS55 

"IVERSITY Cr ILLINOIS 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 






Contents 



PAGE 

Former Officers 10 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 11 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1954 12 

List of Staff, 1954 13 

Report of the Director 19 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 22 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

Membership 29 

Department of Anthropology 34 

Department of Botany 42 

Department of Geology 49 

Department of Zoology 56 

Library 65 

Motion Pictures 69 

Photography and Illustration 70 

Public Relations 70 

Publications and Printing 72 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 86 

Financial Statements 89 

Attendance and Door Receipts 91 

Accessions, 1954 93 

Members of the Museum 104 

Benefactors 104 

Honorary Members 104 

Patrons 104 

Corresponding Members 105 

Contributors 105 

Corporate Members 106 

Life Members 107 

Non-Resident Life Members 108 

Associate Members 108 

Non-Resident Associate Members 122 

Sustaining Members 122 

Annual Members 122 

Articles of Incorporation 140 

Amended By-Laws 142 



Illustrations 



Albert B. Dick, Jr., 1894-1954 frontispiece 

Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

In the Museum 18 

School Program 23 

Portable Exhibits 26, 27 

Birdskin Files 31 

Pottery 35 

Hopi Woman 38 

Pacific Research Laboratory 41 

Wood Collections 44 

Seed Collections 45 

Rhododendron 48 

Upper Silurian Rock 50 

Mecca Shale 53 

Protoceratops andrewsi 55 

Marsupials and Monotremes 59 

Tapirs 63 

Page from Chinese Book 66 

Art Student 73 

Peru Expedition 77 

Insect Collections 82, 83 

Pacific Research Laboratory 86 



ormer 



Off 



icers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1954 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1946-1954 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 



* Deceased 



10 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

BOARDMAN Conover,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 
1921-1931 

D. C. Da vies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 
1918-1921 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 



Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 



* Deceased 



11 



Officers^ Trustees^ and Committees^ 1954 



OFFICERS 



BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES 



COMMITTEES 



Stanley Field, President 
Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
Samuel Insull, Jr., Second Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 

John P. 



Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
HuGHSTON M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
Wilson 



Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 
Field, Wm. McCormick Blair, Samuel Insull, Jr., 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 
Henry P. Isham 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* John P. 
Wilson, Walter J. Cummings, Walther Buchen, 
Henry P. Isham, Wm. McCormick Blair 

Building — Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery, Hughston 
M. McBain, John G. Searle 

* Deceased 1954 



12 



List of Staff, 1954 



DIRECTOR 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ANTHROPOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 



Clifford C. Gregg 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, Executive Assistant 



Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian 

Ethnology 
Donald Collier, Curator, South American Archaeology 

and Ethnology 
J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American 

Archaeology 
George I. Quimby, Curator, North American Archaeology 

and Ethnology 
A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator, Archaeology 
Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Archaeology 
Robert J. Braidwood, Research Associate, Old World 

Prehistory 
Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
M. Kenneth Starr, Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and 

Ethnology 
Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology 
Roger T. Grange, Assistant, Anthropology 
Whitney Halstead, Assistant, Anthropology 
Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 
GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 
John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 
Agnes H. McNary, Departmental Secretary 



Theodor Just, Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus, Phanerogamic 

Herbarium 
Julian A. Steyermark, Curator, Phanerogamic 

Herbarium 
J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Hanford Tiffany, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic 

Botany 
E. p. Killip, Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
John W. Thieret, Curator, Economic Botany 



13 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

BOTANY 

(continued) 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

GEOLOGY 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 



Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 

Margery C. Carlson, Associate, Botany 

J. S. Daston, Assistant, Botany 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian 

M. DiANNE Maurer, Departmental Secretary 



Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator 
Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator, Fossil Reptiles 
Robert H. Denison, Curator, Fossil Fishes 
Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Fossil 

Vertebrates 
Everett C. Olson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Priscilla F. Turnbull,* Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 
George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 
R. H. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Violet S. Whitfield, Associate, Fossil Plants 
Ernst Antevs, Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Robert K. Wyant, Curator, Economic Geology 
Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 
Henry Horback, Preparator 
William D. Turnbull, Preparator 
Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 
Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 
Maidi Wiebe, Artist 
Mary Sue Hopkins Coates, Departmental Secretary 



Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
CouN Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 
Philip Hershkovitz, Associate Curator, Mammals 
Luis de la Torre, Associate, Mammxils 
Austin L. Rand, Curator, Birds 
Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator, Birds 
RuDYERD BouLTON, Research Associate, Birds 
Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Research Associate, Birds 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 
Robert F. Inger, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 
Clifford H. Pope, Research Associate, Amphibians and 
Reptiles 



* resigned 



14 



DEPARTMENT 

OF 

ZOOLOGY 

(continued) 



ASSOCIATE 
EDITORS 



DEPARTMENT OF 

THE N. W. HARRIS 

PUBLIC SCHOOL 

EXTENSION 



Ch'eng-chao Liu, Research Associate, Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, Assistant, Reptiles 

LoREN P. Woods, Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Edward M. Nelson, Associate, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Robert Traub, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Lillian A. Ross, Associate, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Ruth Marshall, Research Associate, Arachnids 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

R. M. Strong, Research Associate, Anatomy 

Waldemar Meister, Associate, Anatomy 

Laura Brodie, Assistant 

Harry Hoogstraal, Field Associate 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, Field Associate 

Robert L. Fleming, Field Associate 

Frederick J. Medem, Field Associate 

Georg Haas, Field Associate 

Leon L. Walters,! Taxidermist 

Frank C. Wonder,* Taxidermist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Celestino Kalinovvski,* Assistant Taxidermist 

DoMiNiCK Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist 

Margaret J. Bauer,* Departmental Secretary 

Betty Lou Lesk, Departmental Secretary 



Lillian A. Ross, Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, Miscellaneous Publications 



Richard A. Martin, Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Bertha M. Parker, Research Associate 



t retired 
* resigned 



15 



JAMES NELSON 

AND 

ANNA LOUISE 

RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION 



THE LAYMAN 
LECTURER 



THE LIBRARY 



ACCOUNTING 



BOOK SHOP 



ADMINISTRATION 
AND RECORDS 



Miriam Wood, Chief 
Marie Svoboda 
Harriet Smith 
Nancy Worsham 
Edith Fleming 
DoLLA Cox 
Jean Shultz 



Paul G. Dallwig 



Administration: 

Meta p. Howell, Librarian 

Nancy R. Peters,* Assistant to the Librarian 

Marjorie a. West, Assistant to the Librarian 

Classification and Cataloguing: 

Maryl Andre 

Dawn Davey AuerbachJ 

M. Eileen Rocourt 

HosHiEN TcHEN, Technical Adviser, Oriental Collection 

Reference: 

Katharine williams 
Jane F. Ross* 
Audrey Greeley Rhine* 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks: 
Boris Ivanov 
George Stosius 



A. L. Stebbins, Auditor 
Robert A. Krueger, Assistant Auditor 
Marion K. Hoffmann, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



Jessie Dudley, in charge 



Susan M. Carpenter, Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, Registrar 
Lorraine Kratz, Assistant Registrar 
Forest Highland, Assistant Recorder 
Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 
Jeannettb Forster, Assistant Recorder 



* resigned 
t on leave 



16 



PUBLIC 

RELATIONS 

COUNSEL 



DIVISION OF 
MEMBERSHIPS 



DIVISIONS OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

AND 
ILLUSTRATION 



DIVISION OF 
MOTION PICTURES 



DIVISION OF 
PRINTING 



MAINTENANCE 



ENGINEERING 



THE GUARD 



H. B. Harte 

Barbara Polikoff, Associate* 

Jane Rockwell, Assistant 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 



John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 
Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate 
Douglas E. Tibbitts, Illustrator 



John W. Moyer, in charge 



Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 



James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. NoREN, Assistant Superintendent 



William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 



David Dunsmuir, Captain 

* resigned 



17 




CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 
FORMERLY FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 
ROOSEVELT ROAD AND LAKE SHORE DRIVE 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1954. 

From an operating standpoint, this year presented extreme dif- 
ficulties because of the shortage of available income. The relief 
voted by the Commissioners of the Chicago Park District in De- 
cember of 1953 will not be effective until 1955. Similarly, the 
increase in funds for the Museum voted in December of 1954 will 
not be forthcoming until 1956. Without the understanding interest 
and co-operation of the Chicago Park District Commissioners, the 
program of this Museum would have been seriously curtailed. I am 
grateful to them and to the members of their staff who helped us 
solve an extremely difficult problem. 

Salary increases for members of the scientific staff were made 
effective in January in the realization that the scientific staff had 
been severely penalized by inflation. Realizing the difficult situation 
created by the necessary increases, they gave maximum co-operation 
in the reduction of other expenditures and in the unavoidable 
restriction or omission of some activities. 

Among noteworthy undertakings in our four scientific depart- 
ments during the year is the systematic ecological study in the 
Department of Geology of Pennsylvanian (Coal Age) shales from 
the vicinity of Mecca, Indiana. An outcropping of fossil-bearing 

19 



shales at that locahty permitted the study of faunal relationships 
as indicated in the fossils that were found there. Determination of 
the nature of sedimentation and detailed study of the fauna itself 
are also important parts of the work. Methodically a total of one 
hundred and eighty square feet of shale some fourteen inches in 
thickness was brought to the Museum and reassembled for complete 
analysis and systematic charting of the occurrence of all fossil 
materials. The project is well under way (see page 49), but, because 
of its size, importance, and the meticulous care that must be exer- 
cised, completion will not be recorded for some time to come. 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

Members of the Board of Trustees were saddened by the death of 
their fellow member, Albert B. Dick, Jr. In his memory they 
adopted the following resolution at their meeting in November: 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
1894-1954 

"The death on October 24, 1954, of Albert B. Dick, Jr., was 
noted with deep regret and a sense of personal loss by the members 
of the Board of Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum. 

"Mr. Dick first became a member of the Museum in August of 
1924, and had been continuously associated with it since that time. 
He was elected a member of the Board of Trustees on December 21, 
1936, and served as a Vice-President from January of 1942 until 
May of 1951. 

"Mr. Dick did not take lightly his duties as a member of the 
Board, but at all times displayed keen interest in its operation and 
aided substantially in its program. For many years he served as a 
member of the Museum's two most active Committees: the Finance 
Committee and the Executive Committee. In addition, he con- 
tributed funds from time to time for projects of the Museum that 
required special financing. 

"Not only the Museum, but many other civic and charitable 
enterprises profited by his interest and generosity. He was a 
member of the board of the Lake Forest Hospital and of the Pres- 
byterian Hospital of Chicago, in whose behalf he became chairman 
of a special building-fund drive. He had also served his residential 
community as mayor of Lake Forest. 

20 



"In the business community he was well known as an able and 
progressive executive with an outstanding interest in the welfare of 
his employees. He was Chairman of the Board of the A. B. Dick 
Company and served also on the boards of the Commonwealth 
Edison Company, Marshall Field and Company, the Northern 
Trust Company, and the First National Bank of Lake Forest. 

"Among his associates he was honored as a man of force and 
character, farsighted in his business judgments and alert always to 
the problems and needs of persons in less favorable circumstances. 
His unfailing good humor, which was so characteristic of him, 
lightened many a serious situation and often helped in reaching a 
better understanding of difficult problems. We of the Board of 
Trustees feel deeply the loss of his fine personal friendship. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our sorrow at 
his death be permanently inscribed on the records of this Museum. 
And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed to 
the members of his family in their bereavement and that a copy of 
this resolution be sent to his widow." 



OFFICERS, 1954 

At the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees, Stanley Field 
was elected president to serve for his forty-sixth consecutive year. 
Samuel Insull, Jr., was advanced from third to second vice-president 
and Joseph N. Field was elected third vice-president. Other officers 
re-elected are: Marshall Field, first vice-president; Solomon A. 
Smith, treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, secretary; and John R. Millar, 
assistant secretary. 

GIFT TO THE MUSEUM 

I am particularly pleased to report the action taken by members 
of the Board of Trustees as individuals in contributing the sum of 
$10,400 for the purchase and installation of a specimen of the 
dinosaur Gorgosaurus libratus (see page 30). This extremely de- 
sirable specimen was made available to the Museum at a time when 
the budget of the Museum could not accomplish its purchase. The 
action of the Board members in devoting their personal funds to 
this important acquisition has clearly demonstrated their abiding 
interest in the program of this institution to which they have devoted 
so much of their time. Their action has meant much to the morale 
of staff members, who see in this action more than the usual support 
to be expected of members of the official Board. 

21 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

The staff of seven lecturers that comprises this educational division 
of the Museum carried on the programs, tours, and lectures that 
have been established as needed throughout the years. In addition 
to the constant study that is necessary to prepare for these programs, 
the staff has been making a careful survey of the organized groups 
that come to the Museum in order to determine their interests and 
needs so that we can be more helpful to them. This survey has led 
into a study of the different curricula of the schools in Chicago and 
suburbs with the resulting development of a number of specific 
lectures and programs offered to specific schools and grades at 
specific times. Information is sent out in advance to the teacher, 
with suggestions for planning her trip to the Museum and possible 
follow-up work. Ten of these specific school-programs offered in 
1954 were presented a total of 41 times with a total attendance of 
5,206 children. 

Programs continued with organized groups besides school groups, 
such as Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, camp groups, park organizations, 
and neighborhood groups. Fourteen programs for Girl Scouts were 
offered to help with their nature-badge work and 1,339 attended. 
In my report last year, I referred to our co-operative effort with 
the Chicago Girl Scout organization. It is with sincere pleasure 
that I now record the continuation of co-operation with this splendid 
organization. Girl Scout Museum Aides assisted with the various 
programs offered to Girl Scouts and also were helpful in handling 
the children's groups that attended the Saturday-morning educa- 
tional programs. A selected group of twenty-five Senior Girl Scouts 
was given a two-day training course about the Museum, covering 
its history, development, purposes, research work, educational pro- 
grams, and other pertinent information. Thus the Museum story 
will be told in many home communities — in schools and in neigh- 
borhood organizations and Girl Scout troops — by these young leaders 
who were especially selected for that service. In addition, six Girl 
Scouts from Downers Grove, Illinois, worked on a special project of 
plant-mounting in the Museum herbarium (see page 46). Their 
work assists in the necessary preparation for study of plant material, 
and their services are greatly appreciated. 

For individuals and groups, Raymond Foundation presented its 
regular motion-picture programs on Saturday mornings in March, 
April, October, and November and on six Thursday mornings in 

22 




The opening in this totem pole is pictured as an animal's mouth and served as the 
entrance to a house. Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of Raymond Foundation, explains 
the totem pole to children from Orchard Hill Farm Kindergarten, Tinley Park. 

23 



July and August (heavy attendance in the summer necessitated a 
repeat showing for each program). A total of 23,353 attended these 
29 programs. Many individual Brownie Scouts participated in the 
games and "treasure quests" worked out for them in connection 
with the Saturday programs (15 games and "treasure quests" were 
prepared for 2,259 Brownie Scouts). In addition to these, two 
"expeditions" were worked out for the Brownies, "African Expedi- 
tion" and "Expedition Backyard," which required troop partici- 
pation at the Museum program, study in the halls, reports from 
suggested readings, and at least one follow-up project (596 Brownies 
in 37 troops registered for these "expeditions" and 11 troops com- 
pleted requirements and received certificates from the Museum). 

Two series of Museum Stories, "Small Living Things" and 
"Spices," were published and distributed free to children who at- 
tended the Saturday-morning programs. Extension-lecture service 
to the Chicago public and private schools continued, with the 
addition of one new lecture, "The Story of a Museum Exhibit — 
Marsh Birds of the Upper Nile." 

The ultimate goal of all these activities is to help interpret the 
Museum exhibits to the public and to help make the Museum a 
more useful part of this city and region. A summary of all activities 
of Raymond Foundation for the year follows: 

RAYMOND FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES 



Activities within the Museum 
For children 

Tours in Museum halls . . . . 
Lectures preceding tours . . . 
Motion-picture programs . . 


Groups 

. 1,096 

275 
29 


Attendance 

40,916 
13,967 
23,353 


Groups 

. 1,400 
383 


Attendance 


Total 






78,236 


For adults 

Tours in Museum halls . . . . 
Lectures preceding tours . . . 


370 
13 


6,409 
514 




Total 






6.923 



Extension Activities 

Chicago Public Schools 

Elementary 70 20,835 

Total 70 20,835 



Total FOR Raymond Foundation Activities 1,853 105,994 

24 



LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

Under the provisions of the Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation 
Fund the Museum presented in 1954 its 101st and 102nd series of 
lectures for adults. These lectures have been given for many years 
on Saturday afternoons during March, April, October, and No- 
vember. The 1954 attendance of 16,516 exceeded by some 400 the 
total attendance during the previous year. It is well to note that 
the continuation of these lecture courses, presented without charge 
to the adult public, is the result of the foresight and generosity of 
the late Edward E. Ayer, President of the Museum from 1894 to 
1898 and a Trustee from 1893 to 1927, whose benefactions included 
not only his lecture foundation fund but also a library on ornithology, 
a library fund, and many important collections of specimens. 



THE LAYMAN LECTURER 

During the earlier part of the year Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman 
Lecturer, presented his 14th series of Sunday-afternoon lectures. 
Total attendance during the five months amounted to 4,043. Many 
inquiries were received late in the year about Mr. Dallwig's next 
series of lectures. Unfortunately it was necessary to reply that 
pressure of business and other lecture engagements had prompted 
Mr. Dallwig to omit his lectures at the Museum during 1955, with 
the expectation of resuming the series in 1956. Again I take this 
opportunity to record the thanks of the Museum to Mr. Dallwig 
for his popular and unusual contribution to the Museum. 



SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

Two exhibits prepared especially for Members' Night, "In Search 
of History" and "The 'Why' of Museum Insect Collections" (see 
pages 29 and 64), were displayed in Stanley Field Hall through 
October and November, "Indians of the Western Frontier," a 
selection from the paintings by George Catlin in the Museum's 
collection, was a special exhibit during April. Other special exhibits 
during the year were the Fourth Annual Amateur Handcrafted Gem 
and Jewelry Competetive Exhibition, Ninth Chicago International 
Exhibition of Nature Photography, drawings by students in the 
Junior School and Day School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and 
notebooks prepared by Brownie troops after an "Expedition to 
Africa" in the Museum (see page 24). 

25 



BwnnBfiHK 



OAKS OF THE CHICAGO REGION 




Installed as a portable exhibit and labeled for identification, oak leaves and 
acorns help school children learn to know the oaks common in and near Chicago. 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

At the close of the year 519 public schools and other approved 
institutions in Chicago were receiving the portable Museum exhibits 
prepared and distributed by the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension. As in past years, the exhibits were cir- 
culated routinely only during the months when school was in session. 
Each borrower received a total of thirty-four exhibits. Forty-three 
requests for selected exhibits and for such study-kit material as 
birdskins and rock and insect collections were filled during the year. 
The department does not make special loans only to members of 
institutions regularly receiving the portable Museum exhibits — 
anyone who demonstrates a need for specific material and assures 
its safe return is an eligible borrower. 

26 




Plant-reproduction exhibit showing the flowers and growing acorns of the black 
oak (a member of the red-oak group) supplements the oak-identification exhibit. 



Damage to exhibits circulated by the department was rather 
heavy. Vandals in two schools completely destroyed an exhibit of 
Eskimo toys and a habitat-mounting of the jack rabbit. Reparable 
damage was done to another thirty- two exhibits in circulation. 
Two cases (an industrial study of salt and a habitat group of the 
American bison in miniature) were stolen from a public school. 

In the Museum workshops the department completed thirteen 
new exhibits and installed them in portable cases. Seven are of 
common fresh-water fishes of lakes and streams in the Chicago area. 
The other six show flowering and fruiting branches of the black oak. 
Repairs necessary to keep exhibits in satisfactory condition for 
circulation were made on 345 cases. Several brief excursions to 
local lakes and woods were taken in order to collect plant and animal 
specimens essential to exhibits under preparation. 

27 



STAFF OF THE MUSEUM 

Evett D. Hester, who for many years was Economic Adviser to the 
High Commissioner of the Phihppine Islands and now is a research 
associate in the department of anthropology of the University of 
Chicago, is the first to be awarded the Museum's recently established 
Thomas J. Dee Fellowship (see Annual Report, 1953, page 29). 
Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles for thirteen 
years, who resigned on December 31, 1953, was elected Research 
Associate in the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles by the Board 
of Trustees. Dr. Margery C. Carlson, Associate Professor of Botany 
at Northwestern University, was appointed Associate in Botany, and 
Karl Plath, of Chicago Zoological Society, Brookfield, was appointed 
Associate in the Division of Birds. Other appointments during the 
year were : Dr. Robert L. Fleming, Dr. Frederick J. Medem, and Dr. 
Georg Haas, Field Associates, Department of Zoology; Roger T. 
Grange, and Whitney Halstead, Assistants, Department of Anthro- 
pology; Robert A. Krueger, Assistant Auditor; Miss Betty Lou 
Lesk, Secretary, Department of Zoology; Miss Pearl Sonoda, As- 
sistant, Division of Fishes; Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research 
Librarian, Department of Botany; Miss Jane Rockwell, Assistant, 
Public Relations; and, to the Library staff, Mrs. Maryl Andr^, Dr. 
Hoshien Tchen, Miss Marjorie A. West, and Miss Katharine Williams. 

Dr. Robert F. Inger, Assistant Curator of Fishes, was made 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles; Dr. John W. Thieret, Assistant 
Curator of Economic Botany, was promoted to Curator; Philip 
Hershkovitz, Assistant Curator of Mammals, was promoted to 
Associate Curator; and the title of George I. Quimby, Curator of 
Exhibits in Anthropology, was changed to Curator of North Ameri- 
can Archaeology and Ethnology. Leon L. Walters, Taxidermist, 
retired on March 31 after forty- three years on the staff of the Mu- 
seum. Resignations during the year were: Miss Margaret J. Bauer, 
Secretary, Department of Zoology; Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant 
Taxidermist; Mrs. Barbara Polikoff, Associate Public Relations 
Counsel; Mrs. Priscilla F. Tumbull, Assistant, Division of Fossil 
Vertebrates; Frank C. Wonder, Taxidermist; and, in the Library, 
Mrs. Nancy R. Peters, Mrs. Audrey Greeley Rhine, and Miss 
Jane F. Ross. 

With regret I record the death on June 15 of FVank F. Gottsch, 
a guard since 1944, and the death on August 18 of Valerie Legault, 
who from 1906 until his retirement on pension in 1940 was employed 
first in the Division of Maintenance and later in the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension and in the Department of Geology. 

28 



MEMBERSHIP 

It is gratifying to report a substantial increase in the number of 
Museum Members for 1954. During the year 866 new Members 
were enrolled, although a loss of 394 Members was incurred through 
death, transfer, and cancellation. The total number of Members at 
the close of the year was 5,280, The number in each membership 
classification was as follows: Benefactors — 25; Honorary Mernbers — 9; 
Patrons — 15; Corresponding Members — 6; Contributors — 194; Cor- 
porate Members — 39; Life Members — 131; N on-Resident Life Mem- 
bers — 25; Associate Members — 2,172; Non-Resident Associate Mem- 
bers — 12; Sustaining Members — 23; Annual Members — 2,629. The 
names of all Members of the Museum during 1954 are listed at the 
end of this Report under the various classes of membership. 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 

On the evening of Friday, October 8, the Museum held its fourth 
annual Members' Night, an occasion that permits the Board of 
Trustees, the Director, and the staff of the Museum to express their 
appreciation to our Members for their loyal support. Over the 
years our Members have provided endowment funds exceeding 
$630,000, and their contribution to operating funds through the 
payment of annual membership dues during 1954 exceeded $25,000. 
In addition to opening the laboratories and workrooms of the 
Museum to our visitors, there were on Members' Night two out- 
standing special events. Walther Buchen, a Trustee of the Museum, 
presented in the James Simpson Theatre the film record of the new 
habitat group, "Marsh Birds of the Upper Nile," showing not only 
the expedition conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Buchen but also the 
subsequent preparation of the specimens and the installation of the 
group itself. At the close of the lecture many of the Members 
inspected the new exhibit, where Mr. Buchen graciously answered 
specific questions and gave additional information. The other 
special event was the unveiling by Rush Watkins, a Museum 
Contributor, of the group of Malay tapirs that had been collected 
by a Museum expedition under his leadership. In Stanley Field 
Hall were two special exhibits, "In Search of History," which showed 
the methods used by our anthropologists in their work in the South- 
west, and "The 'Why' of Museum Insect Collections" (see page 64). 
More than a thousand Members turned out on this evening, and 
from appearances everyone had an enjoyable and instructive time. 

29 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

A gift of $1,004.04 was received by the Museum from Harry Vearn 
Clyborne, of Lemont, Illinois, for the purpose of establishing the 
Harry Vearn and Mary Elizabeth Clyborne Fund, to which Mrs. 
Mary Elizabeth Clyborne subsequently added $100. Dr. Maurice 
L. Richardson, Lansing, Michigan, added $1,750 to the Maurice L. 
Richardson Paleontological Fund; C. Suydam Cutting, New York, 
added $750 to the C. Suydam Cutting Fund; Miss Margaret B. 
Conover, Chicago, added $664 to the Conover Game-Bird Fund, 
which was established by her brother, the late Boardman Conover, 
a Trustee of the Museum and Research Associate in the Division 
of Birds; and James R. Getz, Lake Forest, Illinois, gave $400 for 
the Lower Mississippi Valley Archaeological Field Trip, 1954 (see 
page 37). Stanley Field, President of the Museum, gave an addi- 
tional $20,000 for the endowment of the Museum; Mrs. Stanley 
Field, a Benefactor of the Museum, added $10,000 to the Sara 
Carroll Field Fund; Walther Buchen, Trustee, added $833.38 to the 
Walther Buchen Zoological Expedition Fund; and $423.98 was 
received from the estate of the late Mrs. Abby K. Babcock. 

Members of the Board of Trustees contributed a total of $10,400 
for the purchase and installation of a specimen of the dinosaur 
Gorgosaurus lihratus (see pages 21 and 54). Gifts of money in 
memory of the late Albert B. Dick, Jr., Trustee of the Museum, 
were made by Mr. and Mrs. Wm. McCormick Blair and Samuel 
Insull, Jr. Funds for support of research in Chinese ethnology were 
contributed by Byron Harvey III, Harvey Fund (Santa Barbara, 
California), Mrs. Salmon 0. Levinson, Miss Lillian A. Ross, and an 
anonymous donor. Other gifts of money were received from George 
A. Bates, Wm. McCormick Blair, W. S. Bodman, Peder A. Chris- 
tensen, Dr. Paul S. Martin, National Society of Colonial Dames of 
America (Illinois), Joseph H. Optner, Langdon Pearse, John P. 
Ramsey, Clarence B. Randall, Philip S. Rinaldo, Jr., Mrs. William 
M. Scudder, Edgar J. Shoen, Edward Shull, Raymond M. Siddes, 
Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, and Dr. Robert H. Whitfield. 

Those giving $1,000 to $100,000 in money or materials are elected 
Contributors by the Board of Trustees (see page 105 for names of 
Contributors). Contributors elected in 1954 are: Harry Vearn 
Clyborne (in recognition of gift listed above); Marshall Field, Jr., 
John G. Searle, John P. Wilson, and the late Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
Trustees of the Museum (in recognition of their generous contribu- 
tions to the funds of the Museum); Dr. Robert L. Fleming, Mus- 
soorie, India (gift of zoological specimens); William J. Gerhard, 

30 




Using a bird'of-paradise as an example, Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, 
shows Senior Girl Scouts how birdskins of the type used in research are filed 
in labeled drawers and placed in dust-and-light-proof steel cases (see page 22). 



Curator Emeritus, Division of Insects (gift of a collection of North 
American and exotic Hemiptera and of books pertaining to Hemip- 
tera); Evett D. Hester, Chicago (gift of Chinese ceramics from the 
Philippine Islands); Arthur L. McElhose, posthumously elected 
(gift of a collection of North American butterflies and moths); 
Henry C. Schwab, posthumously elected (gift of Chinese porcelains) ; 
and Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Division of Birds (in recognition 
of generous gifts to the Museum over a period of several years) . 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help 
during the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates 
and Associates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of 
this Report. Other volunteers are: Miss Maryanne Atherton, Mrs, 
Marilyn Corcoran, Tom Dolan, Richard Duffey, Miss Beatrice 
Dvorak, William Ellis, Miss Ruth Griswold, Robert Imhoff, Richard 
McClung, Harry G. Nelson, Donald Oemich, Richard Seltin, Floyd 
A. Swink, George Williams, and Philip Young. 

31 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Sales amounting to $84,600 during 1954, a gain of $10,000 over the 
preceding year, set a new record in annual sales for The Book Shop 
of the Museum. The increase of more than 65 per cent of sales by 
mail included therein is testimony to the growing interest of Museum 
Members and others in authoritative books on natural history. Of 
particular interest to our patrons was a series of sixty Stori-views 
of the Museum's habitat-groups of mammals (Stori-views are stero- 
slides, with descriptive text, for use in an accompanying viewer). 
Also available are standard 35mm color- transparencies of the same 
subjects. Thus, for the first time, it is possible for anyone, regardless 
of inability to visit the Museum, to study and enjoy the exhibits. 



ATTENDANCE 

During the year 1,142,200 people were recorded as visitors to the 
Museum. The figure represents a drop of approximately 62,000 
under the preceding year. An unusual pattern of attendance is now 
readily recognizable: attendance during the week is increasing and 
heavy losses come on Sundays. For this, the difficulty of getting 
to the Museum on Sundays is directly responsible. Rigid curtail- 
ment of service by the Chicago Transit Authority has made it ex- 
tremely difficult for many people to reach the Museum, and the 
efforts of visitors to come by private transportation has resulted in 
filling the available parking space to capacity often before noon on 
Sundays. Transportation is an item not within the scope of the 
Museum management, and representation to other authorities has 
not produced results. The increasing attendance during the week is 
emphasized by the fact that paid admissions increased by $1,056.25, 
while the drop in free attendance primarily on Sundays not only 
offsets the gain of 4,225 paying visitors but brought about the 
considerably reduced attendance for the year. The effect of our 
transportation difficulties is even further emphasized by the fact 
that in June, July, and August, the vacation months in which 
out-of-town visitors make up the bulk of our attendance, the increase 
in total attendance amounted to 23,000 persons. The Museum 
continues to be one of the important attractions for the boys and 
girls who attend the National Congress of 4-H Clubs, held early in 
December, and school groups from many surrounding states continue 
to visit the Museum each spring. The constant improvement of 
the exhibits encourages visits by many groups year after year. 

32 



CAFETERIA OF THE MUSEUM 

During the year 323,088 people were served in the cafeteria and 
lunchroom. This figure is about 1,400 less than the number for the 
previous year, although total receipts increased by almost $10,000. 
The use of automatic vending-machines during the hours when the 
cafeteria and lunchroom are not open was primarily responsible for 
the increase in receipts in the year. 



MUSEUM EXPEDITIONS 

The Museum conducted sixteen expeditions and field trips in 1954, 
described in this Report under headings of the scientific departments. 
Expeditions and field trips of 1954 and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Lower Mississippi Valley Ar- 
chaeological Field Trip (George I. Quimby, Curator of North Ameri- 
can Archaeology and Ethnology); Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
dition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology) 

Department of Botany — Cuba Botanical Field Trip (Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus of Botany); Venezuela Botanical Ex- 
pedition in Collaboration with New York Botanical Garden, 1954.-55 
(Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Herbarium) 

Department of Geology — El Salvador Field Trip (Dr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Chief Curator of Geology) ; Indiana Paleontological Field Work 
(Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles); Lake Superior 
Geological Field Trip (Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic 
Geology); Texas Paleontological Expedition (Bryan Patterson, Cu- 
rator of Fossil Mammals) 

Department of Zoology — Conover Angola Expedition (Gerd H. 
Heinrich) ; Louisiana Zoological Field Trip (Henry S. Dybas, Asso- 
ciate Curator of Insects); Mexico Zoological Field Trip, 195Jt.~55 
(Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes) ; Pacific States Zoological Field 
Trip (Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects); Palestine Zoological 
Expedition (Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates) ; Peru 
Zoological Expedition, 1953-5^ (Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant 
Taxidermist); Philippines Study Trip, 1953-54^ (Dr. Austin L. Rand, 
Curator of Birds) ; United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, 
Cairo, Egypt, 19^9 — (Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal) 

33 



Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

Two of the principal goals of archaeological research are (1) the 
reconstruction of the history of a particular culture or civilization 
and (2) the search for cultural laws that govern the rise and fall of 
cultures or civilizations. During the past eleven years, the members 
of the Southwest Archaeological Expedition under the leadership of 
Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, assisted by 
Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, have been 
trying to achieve these goals, in part at least. 

One of the generalizations that has already resulted from the 
long-term program in the Southwest is called the "Southwest Co- 
tradition" and postulates that the geographical entity of the South- 
west is also a cultural whole, over which washed certain currents of 
fashion, now ebbing, now flowing. These "fashions" or cultural 
changes were not accepted in their original forms but were changed 
according to a little-understood system of dynamics peculiar to each 
subculture. Thus all the subcultures got the idea of pottery-making 
probably from a single source but re-used the idea in unique ways. 
The potteries, then, of the various subcultures are distinct and 
unique. This postulate has not been commonly accepted, but the 
authors, Martin and Rinaldo, think the idea has merit. They have 
noted also that certain causes produced certain effects (i.e., the intro- 
duction of agriculture produced a greater population, larger houses 
and villages, and more towns). Their researches therefore attempt 
to isolate the important and primary features of the Mogollon 
culture from the secondary or flavorful ones in order to understand 
the earliest stages in the rise of a civilization. 

During the summer of 1954 a monumentally large ceremonial 
room or kiva, a pit-house kiva, and fourteen surface dwelling-rooms 
were excavated, all of them erected about A.D. 1200, shortly before 
the Mogollon Indians moved to other areas. The large ceremonial 
room was roughly 30 feet by 40 feet, or almost large enough for two 
badminton courts, side by side. The floor was seven feet below the 
surface. There was not the usual hatchway in the roof or small 
doorway, such as the Indians crawled through in going from room 
to room in their homes, but a stately entrance, the floor of which 
was a ramp that was half as long as a bowling alley and wide enough 
for six people to march abreast. It took the archaeologists about 
six weeks with a crew of seven men to dig out the kiva. 

34 




This pottery, which was excavated from Apache Creek Pueblo, western New Mexico, 
by our Southwest Archaeological Expedition in 1954, is dated at about A.D. 1250. 



The excavations yielded a few thousand sherds, architectural 
details, two painted ceremonial (?) stones, and an earlier smaller 
kiva, also subterranean, that had been built perhaps fifty years 
before the larger one, with masonry less skillfully done. The earlier 
kiva also had a ramp-entrance. The orientation of the ramps caused 
considerable speculation. The ramp-entrance of the later kiva faces 
about 42 degrees south of true east and that of the earlier one about 
38 degrees. Why the axis of the later kiva was not the same as the 
earlier one is a puzzle to archaeologists. Dr. Wagner Schlesinger, 
Director of the Adler Planetarium, Chicago, was consulted for an 
astronomical explanation of these orientations. Our previous guess 
that the sun at rising-time at the winter solstice (about December 
21) would shine directly down the center of the entrance now seems 
unlikely. It may be that the placement of the ramp-entrance had 
some association with a planet or a star, but at present we do not 
know. The roof of the kiva was supported by several (perhaps 

35 



four to nine) very large posts, as shown by nine mammoth postholes 
seven feet deep and more than two feet in diameter. Since both 
kivas used the same floor, it was not possible to decide which group 
of postholes belongs to which kiva. 

After uncovering the kivas, Chief Curator Martin and crew 
excavated two more pueblos or villages (one of at least thirty 
rooms) in their search for one of the latest towns occupied before 
the entire region was deserted. From it they hoped to find why the 
people had moved out of this fertile area, but to determine what is 
"latest" is not easy. It is now believed that some of the latest vil- 
lages have been found and excavated, although Martin is still in 
the dark as to the reason or reasons for the abandonment of the 
area. The best guess now is that drought or a shift in the rainfall 
pattern made farming difficult or impossible. In the pueblos were 
found almost forty whole or restorable pieces of pottery, a milling 
room containing three corn mills (coarse to fine) and pottery recep- 
tacles for catching the flour, a small duck-effigy pot, several rectangu- 
lar stone bowls, stone axes, bone awls, and stone beads. 

What information do these remnants of household and ceremonial 
paraphernalia yield? It seems fairly clear that the Mogollon 
Indians were beginning to place more reliance on their cultural 
devices than on their biological mechanisms. Instead of being 
limited to a few wild foods, they acquired an abundant and nutritious 
food-supply — corn, beans, and squash. In winter they could retire 
to well-built stone houses heated by a central fire-pit and ventilator 
instead of shivering in a cave or a shelter of skins. In addition, 
they gradually were learning to convert raw materials to serve their 
needs and to make pottery from clay, knives and axes from stone, 
and clothes, textiles, and sandals from fur or plant fibers. 

Chief Curator Martin has finished his analysis of the architectural 
features of the various sites excavated in 1954 and will prepare the 
summary-synthesis of the report on the season's work, which will 
be published by the Museum. Under his direction John Pletinckx, 
Ceramic Restorer, repaired or restored some thirty pieces of pre- 
historic pottery recovered from the sites. Mrs. James Barter, 
graduate student of the University of Arizona, Tucson, is con- 
tributing to the report a chapter on the pottery excavated this past 
season. In order that her study of the late pottery of the area be 
more comprehensive, a study of some pottery excavated north of 
the Reserve area a few years ago and now part of the collections 
of the Department of Anthropology of the University of Arizona 
will be included in Chief Curator Martin's final report. In this 
study 261 whole pots, mostly from graves, will be analyzed. 

36 



In connection with this ceramic project Miss Elaine Bluhm, 
Assistant in Archaeology, and Mrs. Barter are preparing a careful 
definition of a ware known as Tularosa Black-on- White, a term that 
has been widely used by archaeologists for thirty years but unfor- 
tunately has not been defined. From this work, which includes 
analysis of 6,000 sherds and 400 whole pots (recovered by eleven 
Southwest archaeological expeditions) , will come a complete descrip- 
tion of the latest black-on-white pottery in the Reserve area and 
perhaps important clues as to the fate of the Mogollon Indians of 
Pine Lawn Valley and surrounding country. During the spring 
Miss Bluhm analyzed the textile fragments from Higgins Flat 
Pueblo, the large prehistoric Indian village in western Mexico ex- 
cavated in 1953. In May and June, assisted by Mrs. Marilyn 
Corcoran, a volunteer student, she studied pottery from the South- 
west archaeological expeditions of 1952 and 1953. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
collaborated with Chief Curator Martin on the report to be published 
by the Museum of the excavation of Higgins Flat Pueblo and assisted 
in preparation of maps and illustrations. From June into September, 
Rinaldo supervised excavation for the Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition and, after his return, continued the analysis of the stone, 
bone, and clay artifacts that was initiated in the field. In June the 
Museum published Caves of the Reserve Area, a report by Martin, 
Rinaldo, and Bluhm wherein are described excavations in four caves 
in New Mexico and materials from them. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, continued his study of Peruvian civilization. He 
revised for publication a paper on this subject as a contribution to 
a symposium on the growth of early irrigation civilizations and 
wrote another that will form a chapter in a book entitled "The 
Ways of Civilization" to be published by the University of Chicago 
Press. He continued his collaboration with Dr. A. L. Kroeber, 
Research Associate in American Archaeology, in a study of the 
Museum's collection of Nazca material that was excavated by Dr. 
Kroeber on a Museum expedition to Peru in 1926. Dr. Kroeber's 
report, Proto-Ldma, a Middle Period Culture of Peru, was published 
by the Museum in December. 

During the latter part of April, George I. Quimby, Curator of 
North American Archaeology and Ethnology, and James R. Getz, 
of Lake Forest, Illinois, made an archaeological reconnaissance of 
of the lower Mississippi Valley. Surface collections of artifacts 
representative of the Poverty Point culture (about 400 B.C.) were 
made at the Jaketown site near Belzoni, Mississippi, and at the 

37 



Poverty Point site in northeastern Louisiana. A small collection of 
late seventeenth-century Natchez artifacts was obtained from the 
former Grand Village of the Natchez (Fatherland Plantation site) 
near Natchez, Mississippi. A primary objective of the field trip 
was to relocate the site (near Natchez) where more than one hundred 
years ago Dr. Montroville W. Dickeson found a human pelvis-bone 
associated with bones of the extinct sloth, mastodon, and other 
animals. The probable location of the original finds was determined 
from historical evidence, but erosion had completely removed the 
locus of Dickeson's discovery. During the year Curator Quimby 
continued research in Southwestern ethnology in connection with 
the preparation of new exhibits for Hall 7 (Ancient and Modern 



The Hopi woman grinding corn is one of a life-size family group shown in a model 
room of a Hopi apartment in Hall 7 (Indians of the Southwestern United States). 




38 



Indians of the Southwestern United States). He also continued 
study of Paleo-Indians in the Great Lakes and Mississippi Valley 
regions, completed a report on a stratified protohistoric and historic 
Indian site near Bayou Goula in Iberville Parish, Louisiana, and un- 
dertook research on Kwakiutl (Northwest Coast) Indian ethnology. 

M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, continued planning for the renovation of the Asiatic exhibits 
and for the supplementation of the collections. During the early 
summer he made a seven-week tour of a number of eastern museums 
that have outstanding Oriental collections. On this trip he observed 
the scope of the collections, studied exhibition techniques and 
methods of handling Chinese bibliographical materials, and examined 
Chou-period ceramics. Throughout the year he has been carrying 
on research on the Chou period of early China. In keeping with 
this interest he completed the translation of a Chinese archaeological 
monograph, which translation is to be published by Yale University. 

Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate in Malayasian Eth- 
nology, who conducted the R. F. Cummings Philippines Expedition 
(1907-11), completed his report on the Bukidnon, who live on 
Mindanao. Dr. Fred Eggan, of the department of anthropology 
of the University of Chicago, took over the editing of this manuscript 
and prepared it for the Museum Press. 



Accessions— Anthropology 

Hughston M. McBain, a Trustee of the Museum, presented to the 
Museum an early seventeenth-century Japanese short sword of 
exceptionally fine quality. The finely drawn blade, the silver- 
mounted handle, and the richly but delicately lacquered and silvered 
scabbard represent the best of Japanese sword manufacture. Pos- 
session of ten pieces of Chinese porcelain also passed to the Museum 
during the year as the result of the final disposition of the estate of 
the late Henry C. Schwab. The group includes a traditional T'ang 
jarlet, two pieces of Sung ware, and several well-executed early 
Ch'ing Te-hua pieces. Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow in 
Anthropology, gave to the Museum 134 representative pieces from 
his collection of rare fourteenth- to eighteenth-century Chinese, 
Siamese, and other Southeast Asian porcelains and pottery. All 
the specimens donated are grave furniture or ceremonial or heirloom 
pieces recovered in the Philippines. Mr. Hester was assisted in the 
field in making and cataloguing his collection by Professor H. 0. 
Beyer of Manila, an Honorary Member of the Museum. 

39 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

Twenty-six new exhibits were designed and prepared for Hall 7 
(Ancient and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States) 
by Artist Gustaf Dalstrom and Preparator Walter C. Reese. Dio- 
ramist Alfred Lee Rowell worked on the construction of three 
dioramas that illustrate the archaeology of the Southwest. Two 
new exhibits dealing with Old World prehistory were installed in 
Hall C (Stone Age of the Old World) to replace obsolete exhibits. 



Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

The exhibition program for Hall 7 (Ancient and Modern Indians 
of the Southwestern United States) necessitated removing thousands 
of specimens from old exhibits, which exacting work was done by 
Whitney Halstead, Assistant, under the supervision of Curator 
Quimby. The department was aided also during the year by Phillip 
H. Lewis and Nicholas Millet, assistants, by Antioch College stu- 
dents Eugene Klotz, Robert Lamb, and Miss Barbara Schwartz, 
and, during the summer, by four volunteers. Miss Maryanne 
Atherton, Miss Beatrice Dvorak, William Ellis, and Philip Young. 

Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology, and Roger 
T. Grange, Assistant in Anthropology, began in June the cleaning 
and checking of the ethnographic collections from the Philippines, 
Southwest Asia, Madagascar, and Oceania, their removal from over- 
crowded storerooms on the third and fourth floors, and their arrange- 
ment in new quarters on the ground floor. The Pacific Research 
Laboratory, as the newly converted area has been designated, is 
probably the largest and most completely equipped anthropology 
storage-room among museums of the world. Its construction follows, 
except in minor details, the plans originally drawn by Dr. Alexander 
Spoehr, former Curator of Oceanic Ethnology, under the direction 
of Chief Curator Martin. 

There are more than 17,000 square feet of shelving, an ample 
workroom, and a large fully equipped poison-room (high-capacity 
fans are provided to clear the poison-room and working area). 
Virtually the entire installation is of steel. Special installations 
were placed in several alcoves to accommodate oversize specimens, 
such as tall carved figures, house-ladders, and the large wooden 
Admiralty Island bowls. Racks, designed for the great Melanesian 
drums, were mounted on heavy castors to allow placement and re- 
moval of the drums by means of a fixed-position chainhoist; wire 

40 



panels were installed in a row of bins to permit the vertical hanging 
of small masks; and racks were built in the poison-room to hold 
horizontally the large but delicate masks from New Britain. An 
essential operative requirement was the duplication by microfilm of 
the master card-catalogue of more than 50,000 descriptive cards. 
The Pacific Research Laboratory project was aided by generous 
grants from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Re- 
search and from the Philippine Studies Program financed by the 
Carnegie Corporation of New York (see page 81). When the project 
is completed, all specimens for the area will be properly and safely 
cared for and will be readily accessible for reference and study by 
curators, other staff members, and visiting research scholars. 



A section of the storage-room in the new Pacific Research Laboratory shows the 
accessibility of our vast ethnographic collections as the specimens are now arranged. 




41 



Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, who is in residence at the Escuela Agricola Panamericana 
near Tegucigalpa, Honduras, completed an annotated check-list of 
plants of Honduras to be published by the Honduran government 
and, as in previous years, identified numerous collections of plants 
from Honduras and other Latin-American countries. J. Francis 
Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, continued work on a new 
part of his Flora of Peru, preparing material on various families 
following the Theaceae. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
continued his studies of the genera Bidens and Coreopsis, as found 
in tropical Africa, as well as of certain genera of Hawaiian Araliaceae. 
Many determinations were made of specimens that had been sent 
to him for examination, a number of them proving to be new to 
science. A large proportion of these came from the Royal Botanic 
Gardens of Kew, England, while other assortments came from the 
East African Herbarium at Nairobi, Kenya Colony. His revisions 
of nine genera of Compositae for "The North American Flora" 
(New York Botanical Garden) are in press. Late in the year the 
Museum published his revisional study of the Hawaiian species of 
Cheirodendron (Araliaceae), of which a special edition of one hundred 
numbered copies printed on a grade of paper selected for permanence 
also was issued for the author's private distribution to key libraries 
and other institutions throughout the world. During his herbarium 
studies he continued his policy of making large, carefully detailed 
photographs of all type or otherwise important specimens examined, 
a policy inaugurated by him in the spring of 1913. In the past 
twelve months he added about one hundred photographs to his 
series, bringing the total up to more than 4,500. A complete set of 
prints of these is on file in the Museum and, moreover, all negatives 
have been donated to the Museum and added to its permanent 
reference collections. 

Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, former Curator of Colombian Botany, 
continued his studies of Colombian plants, especially Compositae, 
and published a series of papers on new species of plants from 
Colombia and other Andean countries (see page 78). This work is 
being carried on with the aid of a grant from the National Science 
Foundation. From June to November he studied types and critical 

42 



material of Colombian plants in European herbaria, especially in 
the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Dr. Margery 
C. Carlson, Associate in Botany, has been working at the Museum 
on her monograph of the genus Russelia (Scrophulariaceae) . Before 
the end of the year she left for another botanical expedition to Mexico 
to study the various species of Russelia in their native habitats and 
to collect other herbarium material in poorly known areas. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus of Botany, pursued his 
research on palms with special attention to the genus Copernicia, 
the Cuban forms of which have occupied most of his time since 
1947. With the aid of funds provided by S. C. Johnson and Son, 
Incorporated, as in previous years, he spent some months in field 
work in the parts of Cuba where the majority of the species of this 
remarkably distributed genus are endemic. Effective assistance in 
the field by Dr. Glen Moore, now of Provo, Utah, is specially ac- 
knowledged. The new South American material (which was obtained 
last year as a result of visits to Paraguay by Dr. E. S. McLoud and 
E. D. Kitzke of the research staff of the Johnson Company, with 
the aid of Dr. Klare S. Markley, Works Progress Administration's 
scientific representative in Asuncion) has extended the inquiry over 
the entire range of the genus from Argentina to the western end of 
Cuba, where the first collections were made in 1947 with the col- 
laboration of Brother Leon of Colegio de La Salle. As a result of 
the intensive field work of this and previous years the collection 
of Copernicia material brought together in the Museum has become 
very considerable. It now comprises a substantial representation of 
most of the species of the genus, including a large number of seedling 
stages grown as hydroponic cultures in the laboratory of the Museum 
and also a very large series of photographs of plant associations, 
juvenile and adult stages of the palms, leaves to scale, and details 
of flowering branches and fruit. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, collected data and 
information on the obscure history of botanical museums and exhibit 
techniques. He also brought together modern systems of classifi- 
cation of the plant kingdom and compared their relative merits 
(see pages 75 and 79). Otherwise, he continued his study of living 
fossil cycads and other gymnosperms. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, made routine determinations of miscellaneous collections of 
plants, especially from the American tropics. In December he left 
the United States for Venezuela with Dr. John Wurdack of New 
York Botanical Garden. This joint expedition, sponsored by 
Chicago Natural History Museum and New York Botanical Garden, 

43 




Samples from the large collections of tropical and other woods in the herbarium 
of the Museum are plainly labeled and stored in drawers for reference and study. 



proposes to devote its entire time to botanical exploration of the 
summit-flora of Chimanta-tepui, the large table mountain in the 
"Lost World" of southeastern Venezuela, part of which Curator 
Steyermark explored in 1953 and a small section of the easternmost 
part of which Dr. Wurdack explored at about the same time. The 
expedition is expected to return sometime in April, 1955. In con- 
tinuation of his work on the flora of Missouri, Curator Steyermark 
made trips to Missouri to collect plants from unstudied areas. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 
continued revisional studies of various microscopic algae in co- 
operation with William A. Daily, of Butler University, and identified 
numerous specimens of algae. Dr. Hanford Tiffany and Donald 
Richards, Research Associates in Cryptogamic Botany, proceeded 
with their researches on the Oedogoniaceae and on the bryophytes, 
respectively. Kung-Chu Fan, of the University of Chicago, made 
considerable progress toward a revision of the Rivulariaceae, using 

44 




Authentic seed samples are stored in vials in drawers (the plants from which the 
seeds were collected are deposited as vouchers in the herbarium of the Museum). 



as a basis for it the Museum's collection of these plants. Mrs. Fay 
K. Daily, of Butler University, and Dr. Herman S. Forest, of the 
University of Tennessee, spent periods of various lengths at the 
Museum in research on algae. 

Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, carried on 
his systematic studies of wild and cultivated Scrophulariaceae. 
Representatives of a number of species of this family were grown in 
the botany greenhouses of the University of Chicago from seed 
supplied by botanic gardens in Barcelona, Berlin, Brussels, and Kew. 
In connection with his studies on seed and fruit morphology, he 
commenced during the final third of the year the building-up of an 
extensive reference and study collection of authentic seed samples, 
previously not possessed by the Museum, backed by herbarium 
specimens from the same plant or colony as the seeds. Considerable 
time was given in the field to gathering and in the Museum to 
preparation of seeds and the accompanying herbarium specimens. 

45 



Care of the Collections— Botany 

During the year 11,090 plants in the phanerogamic herbarium were 
repaired as required and mounted. Mounting and poisoning was 
done by Miss Olive Doig, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, and Nils Siegbahn, 
assisted by Robert Yule and, for part of the year, by Miss Edith 
Greisman, Antioch College student. Mrs. EfRe M. Schugman and 
Miss Alice Middleton mounted a large nurnber of cryptogams for 
filing in the general collections and repaired and repackaged a major 
part of the collection of algae. Work on the restoration of the type- 
photograph collection was continued by J. S. Daston, Assistant in 
Botany. Mrs. Lenore B. Warner continued cataloguing and filing 
negatives, positives, and prints and handled all orders for prints 
sold or sent in exchange. Curator Thieret was assisted in reorgani- 
zation of the wood collection by Mrs. Ann Bigelow, who finished 
processing the major collections of woods and completed the alpha- 
betizing of families Liliaceae through Zygophyllaceae and the re- 
moval of duplicates. A total of 3,013 wood specimens was sent out 
in exchange. Late in the year a group of six Girl Scouts from 
Downers Grove, Illinois, started to mount plants for the Museum 
under the direction of Miss Doig as a part of their training for the 
award of "Museum Aide" merit badges (see page 22). 



Exhibits— Botany 

Of the fifteen branches that were added to the exhibits in Charles F. 
Millspaugh Hall (North American Woods, Hall 26) nine models 
were plastic reproductions. The branches of sassafras (Sassafras 
albidum), winged elm (Ulmus alata), Kentucky coffee-tree {Gymno- 
cladus dioica), mockernut (Carya tomentosa), and chestnut oak 
(Quercus montana) were assembled by Artist- Preparator Samuel H. 
Grove, Jr., and the sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and pignut hickory 
(Carya glabra) by Technician Frank Boryca, who also prepared the 
plastic leaves for the whole series. Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella 
assembled the models of mountain magnolia (Magnolia Fraseri) and 
swamp Cottonwood (Populus heterophylla) and restored the following 
original branches: loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), slash pine (Pinus 
carihaea), red cedar (Juniperus virginiana), long-leaf pine (Pinus 
palustris), tamarack (Larix laricina), and white pine (Pinus strobu^). 
The only important addition during the year in Martin A. and 
Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life) is a colorful branch of 
purple-flowered rhododendron (Rhododendron catawhiense) made by 

46 



Curator Sella, assisted by Technician Boryca. This is the first 
reproduction of several specimens that were recently collected in the 
Great Smoky Mountains for exhibition in this hall. Assisted by 
Preparator Walter Huebner, Curator Sella reconditioned and rein- 
stalled the bamboo and tobacco exhibits in the Hall of Plant 
Materials and Economic Products (Hall 28). 



Accessions— Botany 

The largest gift to the phanerogamic herbarium during the year 
was 5,625 plant specimens from the Department of Biology of Val- 
paraiso University, which was obtained through the courtesy of Dr. 
Henry B. Poncher. Other large gifts include 3,762 plants of the 
United States collected by Holly Reed Bennett, 1,222 plants of 
Hawaii presented by Research Associate Sherff, and 1,565 plants of 
Missouri collected and presented by Ernest J. Palmer, of Webb 
City, Missouri. Among valuable plants received through exchange 
are 818 plants of El Salvador from the University of California, 
762 plants of Central America from the Escuela Agrlcola Panameri- 
cana of Honduras, 575 plants of South America from the Museum 
National d'Histoire Naturelle of Paris, 374 plants of Ecuador and 
Venezuela from the New York Botanical Garden, and 240 plants of 
Africa and Asia from the British Museum (Natural History). The 
most significant additions (by purchase) of plants from countries 
not well represented in the collection include 1,000 plants of Australia 
collected by Professor B. Kaspiew, 203 plants of Africa collected by 
James Sidey, and 300 plants of Japan collected by Makoto Togasi. 

The chief accessions of the cryptogamic herbarium were 7,401 
lichens and bryophytes from Dr. Camillo Sbarbaro, of Spotorno, 
Italy (part purchased through the Elmer J. Richards Fund and part 
a gift), 784 bryophytes from the Botanical Museum at Uppsala, 
Sweden (exchange), and 556 Characeae of Indiana from Mrs. Fay 
K. Daily, of Indianapolis (gift). Four hundred lichens of Sweden 
were purchased from Dr. Gosta Kjellmert, of Arboga, Sweden, with 
funds provided by Research Associate Donald Richards. 

As a result of new exchange agreements, mainly with foreign 
institutions, the Museum's wood collection was increased by speci- 
mens from areas previously not well represented, among them Kenya, 
Gold Coast, French Equatorial Africa, Cameroons, Madagascar, 
Reunion, New Caledonia, and Israel. The largest collection received 
in exchange, 218 specimens from various French possessions in 
Africa, was sent from the Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, 

47 



Nogent-sur-Marne, France. A total of 808 wood specimens, about 
two thirds of which are from the New World, was accessioned during 
the year. Curator Thieret collected 280 seed samples and accom- 
panying herbarium specimens and, in the Chicago area and Missouri 
Ozarks, wood samples from various shrubby species not included in 
the Museum's wood collection. 

The Department of Botany received as a gift from Northwestern 
University Library the Index to American Botanical Literature, 
issued regularly since 1894 by the Torrey Botanical Club, oldest 
botanical society in the United States. Consisting of more than 
75,000 printed cards, the Torrey Botanical Club Index aims to list, 
under the authors' names, all papers and books pertaining to Ameri- 
can plants and thus provides a valuable source of reference to all 
interested users. Now housed in two steel cabinets in the library 
of the Museum's Department of Botany, this Index is being carefully 
checked and refiled by Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian. 
The transfer of this gift was arranged through the courtesy of Ian 
W. Thorn, Chief of Technical Service, Charles Deering Library, 
Northwestern University, and Associate Margery C. Carlson. 



The model of purple-flowered rhododendron in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall 
is based on material collected recently in the Great Smoky Mountains of Tennessee. 




48 



Department of Geology 



Research and Expeditions 

The year's most extensive field-project in the Department of Geology 
was the transportation of a large quantity of highly fossiliferous 
marine Pennsylvanian shale for a distance of nearly two hundred 
miles from a quarry near Mecca, Indiana, to the Museum. The 
outcrop was discovered in 1953 by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of 
Fossil Reptiles, but no large-scale excavation was begun until May 
of this year. The project was undertaken to study the environmental 
conditions of invertebrates and vertebrates at the time and place 
where the shale was deposited. Both Curator Zangerl and Dr. 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, are 
engaged in the work (see pages 19 and 53). 

The slabs of shale have been reassembled in their original strati- 
graphical sequence in one of the workrooms at the Museum, and 
critical examination of the fossil content has been in progress since 
the end of the field season. Distribution, orientation, and character 
of the fossils are being charted for every quarter-inch layer of rock. 
When completed there will be some six hundred charts, which will 
handily provide the basic information for future concentrated study. 
Besides paleoecological information the Mecca quarry has produced 
hundreds of interesting specimens for paleontological study, includ- 
ing sharks and early bony fishes as well as arthropods, mollusks, 
conodonts, and sponges. The Mecca operation has aroused a good 
deal of interest among geologists and paleontologists besides those 
on the Museum staff. At least three parties of visitors — from the 
American Museum of Natural History, University of Chicago, and 
University of Illinois (Urbana) — visited the work in progress and dis- 
cussed various problems in the light of their own studies. 

Curators Zangerl and Richardson were assisted in the field by 
Preparator William D. Tumbull, Peter Garrison, Antioch College 
student, and Richard McClung, Chicago high-school student, and 
in the Museum workroom by Peter Garrison and Miss Shirley Hale, 
also an Antioch College student. Mrs. Mary Sue Hopkins Coates, 
Departmental Secretary, has been compiling the data in charts. 

Curator Zangerl and Preparator Turnbull completed a paper on 
the Miocene seaturtle Procolopchelys grandaeva. The paper, which 
deals with the evolution of the cheloniid seaturtles, may serve as a 
contribution to our knowledge of the subject. Curator Zangerl has 
now begun a description of a seaturtle from the Mooreville Chalk. 

49 




Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes (center), and scientists of the 
Paleontologisk Museum in Oslo examine a slab of rock containing numerous entire 
cephalaspid fishes found in Upper Silurian rocks during Denison's stay in Norway. 



Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, after spending 
the latter part of 1953 in Oslo and Stockholm (see Annual Report, 
page 47), moved to London early in 1954 to study at the British 
Museum (Natural History), where he compared North American 
Devonian vertebrates with similar material from classical European 
localities and amassed data for a study of the ecology of early 
vertebrates. During the spring and summer months he visited many 
of the Silurian and Devonian localities in Great Britain and obtained 
an excellent collection of fossil vertebrates that includes a number of 
genera and families not previously represented in our collections. 
Thanks are given to the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Founda- 
tion for the opportunity to pursue this study. Since his return he 
has been engaged in describing some Devonian fishes that he collected 
while on a field trip in Nova Scotia in 1952. 

50 



Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, who spent 1952 
and the early part of 1953 in Argentina studying specimens of fossil 
mammals in the collections of the museums there (see Annual 
Reports: 1951, page 51; 1952, page 47; 1953, page 47), went back 
to Argentina in August to complete his work. This was made 
possible by the renewal of a grant from the John Simon Guggenheim 
Memorial Foundation. He expects to resume his duties and studies 
at the Museum in January, 1955. 

In April, Curator Patterson and Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Pre- 
parator of Fossils, left for Texas to continue field operations in the 
Early Cretaceous mammal-bearing Trinity sands in Montague 
County (this work, which is being carried on in collaboration with 
the Texas Memorial Museum and the Bureau of Economic Geology 
of the University of Texas, has been in progress since 1949). Con- 
centrates washed from several tons of sand in the productive level 
were shipped back to the Museum laboratory for examination under 
the microscope, and a number of geological observations were made. 
At the termination of the work, early in June, the party investigated 
the report of a dinosaur skeleton near Hanksville, Utah, but the 
specimen proved to be too incomplete to warrant collecting. 

The exacting work of sorting the Trinity concentrates grain by 
grain was carried on during the year by Miss Nancy Robertson, 
college student. Numerous specimens of mammals and of other 
small vertebrates have been found, and an interim report by Curator 
Patterson on the mammals with a consideration of various problems 
posed by them is in the press. Chief Preparator Gilpin spent three 
weeks in eastern museums studying methods of preparing and 
exhibiting dinosaurs. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, continued his studies 
of the Pennsylvanian flora of Wilmington, Will County, Illinois. 
His report on the flora, to which he has given the greater part of 
his time, is nearing completion. To date he has dealt with 360 
species, of which seventy are new. The part of his report pertaining 
to fruits may prove of the greatest interest. An unusual feature of 
the Wilmington deposit is that this ancient economically productive 
coal-bed, covering a comparatively small area, has already yielded 
more than six hundred species of flora and fauna. Curator Langford 
devoted part of his time to study of the plant material that he 
collected in 1953 from the Lower Eocene and Upper Cretaceous 
clay deposits of Tennessee and Mississippi. The collection, which 
was made from four distinct geological formations, consists of a 
large number of finely preserved leaves and stems, and he expects 
to augment the collection with specimens from a fifth formation. 

51 



LIBRARY 



M^ fi f iMn 



As in the past two years, Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of 
Geology, devoted a substantial part of his office hours to supervisory 
work and to writing descriptive labels relating to the re-installation 
of the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). In the intervals he 
continued his studies of meteorites and completed a paper on the 
Paragould meteorite in joint authorship with Robert K. Wyant, 
Curator of Economic Geology, for publication by the Museum press. 
In preparation for the manuscript he visited the United States 
National Museum, where he made a critical study of the smaller 
individual of the Paragould meteorite and of a number of other 
closely related meteorites. He also continued preparation of a 
catalogue of the meteorites in the Museum's collections. In this he 
was assisted by Mrs. Coates and Miss Norma Hall, Antioch College 
student. Again in collaboration with Curator Wyant, he drafted 
a paper on the occurrence of oolite-like bodies in the lacustrine 
deposit, which extends for many square miles in a basin east of the 
foothills of volcano San Salvador, El Salvador, Central America. 
The material was collected by him while he was engaged in field 
work in El Salvador during April, May, and June of this year. 
During his stay he went over again the ground that he covered in 
1951, specifically the five groups of volcanoes, which will be included 
in the proposed monograph on the volcanoes of Central America. 
For kind co-operation and for the opportunity to carry on field 
work we extend our thanks to the staff of Instituto Tropical de 
Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de El Salvador. 

In the geochemical laboratory. Curator Wyant made two addi- 
tional analyses of the Paragould meteorite, each of which included 
the determination of seventeen elements and/or oxides, and also 
conducted experiments on the effect of heat on the same meteorite. 
Because the heating had to be done in a vacuum for which the Mu- 
seum laboratory is not equipped, these tests were performed at 
the Institute for Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago. 
Other laboratory studies included determination of the troilite 
content of several specimens of the Canyon Diablo meteorite. The 
processes of low temperature and low pressure metamorphism of 
certain sedimentary rocks from southwestern Illinois were studied, 
both from laboratory data and theoretical considerations. He spent 
the month of July in the field collecting iron ores, with particular 
emphasis on the taconite iron ores, and visited several mines and 
plants in Minnesota and Michigan. Some of the numerous ore and 
rock specimens collected will be used in the preparation of a taconite 
exhibit for Hall 36 (taconite, a ferrugineous chert, is now being 
exploited to compete with ores rich in iron) . 

52 




Geologists at the Museum study a map of the Mecca (Indiana) quarry to determine 
the correct layout of the slabs of Mecca shale in the workroom of the Museum. 



In addition to his field and laboratory work on the Mecca 
project, Curator Richardson reviewed the fossil crabs and lobsters 
in the study collection and revised their identification. This was 
made necessary by the accession of nineteen specimens of a Creta- 
ceous lobster, a gift from Burrell F. Hazel (see page 54). The new 
specimens revealed certain details not hitherto observed in the 
species, and Curator Richardson worked on a revised description 
for future publication. He also prepared two papers on Pennsyl- 
vanian invertebrates from the strip mines of Will and Grundy 
counties, Illinois. One of these papers deals with a new species of 
amphineuran mollusk ("sea mouse"), the other with the first recog- 
nized New World representative of the giant arthropod Arthropleura. 
In co-operation with Curator Zangerl, he made extensive compari- 
sons of Pennsylvanian coprolites from the strip-mine collection with 
Permian coprolites in the study collection and with the relevant 
anatomy of present-day lungfishes and sharks in the custody of the 
Division of Fishes of the Department of Zoology. 

53 



Accessions— Geology 

The most noteworthy accession of the year is a skeleton of the spec- 
tacular flesh-eating dinosaur Gorgosaurus lihratus, a gift to the Mu- 
seum by members of the Board of Trustees. It is planned to exhibit 
the specimen as a monstrous predator standing over its prey, a 
large duck-billed dinosaur. A second notable addition was a col- 
lection of Pleistocene mammals from the famous tar-pits of Rancho 
la Brea, Los Angeles, donated by Northwestern University Dental 
School, a gift deeply appreciated. A small but select collection of 
Devonian vertebrates from Spitsbergen and Norway, received 
through exchange with the Paleontologisk Museum in Oslo, includes 
a number of genera new to our collections. The largest addition to 
the study collection of fossil invertebrates was the generous gift by 
Byron Harvey, Jr., and Byron Harvey III of a large number of well- 
labeled specimens from a variety of European localities. Several 
successive gifts from Burrell F. Hazel of Fort Peck, Montana, made 
significant additions to the study collections of fossil fishes, fossil 
plants, and fossil invertebrates, particularly noteworthy among 
which are nineteen fine specimens of the Cretaceous lobster Hoplo- 
paria westoni from a new locality in Montana, a species hitherto 
known from only two specimens, both found in Alberta. Thirty-one 
specimens of rocks and minerals from the Antarctic region (purchase) 
are a valuable addition to the lithological and mineral collections, 
which heretofore lacked representations of geological specimens from 
this region. Some of these specimens will be used in an exhibit. 



Care of the Collections— Geology 

The Department of Geology is fortunate in that no special care is 
demanded for geological specimens. Carding, cataloguing, and 
putting them away in an orderly and easily accessible manner is a 
routine procedure. Specimens subject to oxidation are treated with 
proper antitarnish reagents. The recent resignation of the Assistant 
in the Division of Fossil Vertebrates, Mrs. Priscilla F. Turnbull, 
leaves the paleontological collections without a custodian. During 
her tenure the large collections contained in the gift from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago were received, and the integration, carding, and, 
in part, cataloguing of these were done by her. In addition, practi- 
cally all fossil vertebrates in the Museum were carefully checked 
against the records and catalogue cards prepared for many of them. 
As a result, the vertebrate collections are in splendid order. 

54 



Exhibits— Geology 

Eleven exhibits, all devoted to lithology, were completed and in- 
stalled in the new Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34) . Two of these 
exhibits consist of material introductory to the study of rocks and 
nine contain specimens and information relating to the origin, 
characteristic features, and classifications of the three main classes 
of rocks: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. Miss Maidi 
Wiebe, Artist, has done all the paintings, which, individually or 
collectively, have enhanced the attractiveness of the exhibits and 
added much to the understanding of the subject-matter. Harry E. 
Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, and Preparators Henry Horback and 
Henry U. Taylor have given their best efforts to make each exhibit 
an outstanding success. During the year arrangements were made 
with George Marchand, sculptor-artist, of Ebenezer, New York, for 
the construction of four dioramas representing classic areas where 
the work of geological agents is manifest. Plans call for the com- 
pletion of the dioramas by September, 1955, which will coincide 
with the final installations and preparations for opening the hall. 
The first of a number of new dinosaur exhibits, a small ceratopsian 
from Asia, Protoceratops andrewsi, facing its nest of eggs, has been 
completed and installed in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38, Fossil 
Vertebrates). It was prepared by Chief Preparator Gilpin and 
Preparators Stanley Kuczek and William D. Tumbull (see below). 




55 



Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

Two expeditions during the year engaged in general collecting for 
three or more divisions of the Department of Zoology. The Peru 
Zoological Expedition of 1953-54, conducted by Assistant Taxi- 
dermist Celestino Kalinowski, worked in northern Peru during the 
first part of the year and later made the trip down the Madre de 
Dios River in little-explored southeastern Peru. Throughout the 
year Mr. and Mrs. Gerd H. Heinrich, of Dryden, Maine, were en- 
gaged in collecting birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and insects 
in Angola (Portuguese West Africa) on a Museum expedition 
financed by the Conover Game-Bird Fund. Harry Hoogstraal, 
Field Associate, who organized collecting in central Anatolia and 
obtained significant additions to the collections made in 1953, con- 
tinued to collect in Egypt and contributed specimens to the various 
divisions during the year. 

In the Division of Mammals, Curator Colin Campbell Sanborn 
has focused his attention on his revisions of various genera of bats 
in relation to his project for a catalogue of the Microchiroptera 
(small bats) of the world, work that is supported by a grant from the 
National Science Foundation. In November, at the invitation of 
Dr. J. L. Pawan, government bacteriologist, he visited Trinidad, 
where, with the cordial and effective aid of the island officials, he 
was most successful in collecting and in field observation for prepara- 
tion of a key for identification of the bats of Trinidad. During the 
year, in his position of special consultant to the United States 
Public Health Service, he identified numerous collections of bats in 
connection with studies of rabies in bats. Associate Luis de la 
Torre, who made a short field trip to western Mexico to advance 
his study of interrelationships of the leaf-nosed bats of the New 
World and, more particularly, his revision of the genus Sturnira, 
obtained, in addition to the much-desired additional material of a 
species of Sturnira, a number of other rare forms for the collections. 
Associate Curator Philip Hershkovitz continued his studies, begun 
in 1953, of various South American genera of cricetine rodents. 

The first of January found Dr. Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, 
in the Philippines, where he had remained for ornithological field 
work after attending the Eighth Pacific Science Congress in late 
1953. Accompanied by Field Associate D. S. Rabor, he collected 
on the islands of Negros, Bohol, Cebu, and Siquijor and on the 

56 



peninsula of Zamboanga, returning to the Museum early in February, 
His further researches during the year included studies of the land 
birds of Tristan da Cunha, a remote island in the South Atlantic; 
a revision of the African bulbuls of the family Pycnonotidae, as 
part of the continuation of Peters' Check-list of Birds of the World, 
which is being completed for publication by Harvard University 
Press; field studies on the behavior of a Philippine kingfisher and a 
Florida wood-ibis; and studies on the birds of Nepal, in association 
with Dr. Robert L. Fleming, Field Associate, who returned from 
that country late in the year. Associate Curator Emmet R. Blake 
completed editing manuscript for thirteen families of North American 
birds for the forthcoming new edition of Check-List of North American 
Birds (American Ornithologists' Union) and continued studies re- 
lating to the several families of vireos for his share in the continua- 
tion of Peters' Check-list. Other studies were directed to neotropical 
birds from Mexico to Peru. 

Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, continued 
research on American coral snakes and on the amphibians and rep- 
tiles of southwestern Asia. Research in the Division of Amphibians 
and Reptiles has been dominated by the study of the large collection 
of frogs and toads received from the Pares Nationaux du Congo 
Beige for report by Chief Curator Schmidt. Dr. Robert F. Inger, 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, who is collaborating on this 
report, has made preliminary identification of the species, and 
Assistant Hymen Marx, who has already done the essential work of 
indexing the pertinent literature, has of necessity also been drawn 
into it. It is now hoped that, with the support of the Pares Na- 
tionaux, the very large series of several of the species may be made 
scientifically significant by studies of their food, for which com- 
parable and adequate numbers of specimens are available for every 
month of the year. Curator Inger spent a week studying types and 
other African material at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at 
Harvard in connection with the Congo studies. The reproductive 
cycle of various species is being investigated in collaboration with 
Dr. Bernard Greenberg, of Roosevelt University. Curator Inger also 
continued his study of the amphibians and reptiles of Borneo and, 
in collaboration with Assistant Marx, completed a manuscript on 
the burrowing snakes of the genus Calamaria, which is notably 
represented in Borneo. Marx prepared a list of the division's 
type-material for publication. 

In the Division of Fishes, Curator Loren P. Woods continued 
his investigation of the fauna of the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent 
Caribbean waters with regard to geographic and ecological distri- 

57 



bution and taxonomy, giving particular attention to the little-studied 
pelagic fishes. At the end of the year he was established at Salina 
Cruz, on the Pacific side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where he 
was engaged in active collecting of the fishes of the Pacific coast of 
Mexico. His field trip will continue at more northern stations on 
the Mexican west coast. Miss Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, identified 
several small collections of fishes. Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, 
has continued her study of deep-water fishes collected in the Gulf 
of Mexico by the research motor-vessel Oregon of the United States 
Fish and Wildlife Service and has completed her report on the fishes 
collected by the Museum's Bermuda Deep-Sea Expedition of 1948. 
Also in press are a review of the genus Tetragonurus based on speci- 
mens taken by the Danish Dana expeditions and a taxonomic note 
on Melamphaes anthrax. Dr. Edward M. Nelson, Associate, con- 
tinued his studies of the swim bladder and inner ear of fishes. 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, spent two months in the 
Pacific states making extensive collections of the histerid beetles of 
coastal beaches and of western pine forests in an attempt to clarify 
the classification of these insects, and he also examined collections 
in western museums of the family Histeridae, on which he is one of 
the world's leading specialists. He spent much time during the year 
in the study of a large collection of histerid beetles received from 
the British Museum (Natural History) and of a smaller collection 
from the Naturhistorisches Museum of Vienna. Associate Curator 
Henry S. Dybas spent two weeks investigating the insect inhabitants 
of the nests of leaf-cutting ants and of the nests of pocket gophers 
in central Louisiana. He is engaged on continued studies of beetles 
of the family Ptiliidae and prepared a paper on new genera and 
species of this family associated with termites. Dr. Charles H. 
Seevers, Research Associate, completed his monograph on the 
termite-nest-inhabiting staphylinid beetles of the world. This work 
was begun in 1940, and its completion enables him to turn to 
the revision of other major divisions of the family. He also com- 
pleted a paper on the remarkable staphylinid beetles that live in 
the fur of small mammals in Central and South America, finding a 
considerable degree of host-specificity in these species comparable 
to the relations familiar in the much more specialized fleas and lice. 
Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate in the Division of Insects, continued 
her studies of spiders. 

Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, has continued 
his identification of South American collections of nonmarine mol- 
lusks, received from individual correspondents and from the Mu- 
seum's zoological expedition to Peru, with the resultant discrimi- 

58 



MARSUPIALS OR POUCHED MAMMALS 

AHD HOMOTKEMSS OH tCC imai 




Artist Joseph B. Krstolich completes an exhibit on marsupials and monotremes, 
one of a series designed to explain the classification of mammals in Hall 15. 



nation of numerous new species, descriptions of which are in press. 
It has been a major gratification to him to complete and see through 
the press the section on the ecology of the bivalve mollusks for 
Bronn's Tierreich, which was interrupted by World War II. During 
February, March, and April he was in Palestine for zoological 
collecting and study in the field. Extraordinarily effective co- 
operation was supplied by the staff of the Hebrew University in 
Jerusalem, which not only made available headquarters at the 
university but also provided a jeep and detailed Dr. J. Wahrmann, 
of the university staff, to accompany him on visits to the different 
types of habitat and to aid him in collecting. His collections of 
fresh-water mollusks and of land snails were supplemented by gifts 
of material from Dr. Georg Haas, Field Associate, who is professor 
of zoology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. 

59 



The major research of the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy 
continued to center around the evolution of the Carnivora, with 
special attention devoted to the structure and mechanics of the 
ankle joint. Study of the mammals collected by the expedition to 
Borneo in 1951 was continued, and reports embodying the results 
were nearing completion at the end of the year. Study of the 
placentation and fetal membranes of the pigmy treeshrew, based 
on material collected by the expedition, was begun by Dr. Waldemar 
Meister, Associate, and Curator D. D wight Davis. During a six- 
month stay at the California Institute of Technology, Curator Davis 
used the facilities of the hydrodynamics laboratory of the Institute 
to study the swimming dynamics of the tadpole, work that was 
designed to give an insight into the mechanical factors underlying 
the origin of vertebrate limbs. William D. Turnbull, Preparator in 
the Department of Geology, continued study of adaptive radiation 
in the masticatory musculature of mammals and during the year 
dissected the jaw-muscles of a porcupine and a cat. Dr. R. M. 
Strong, Research Associate, continued his studies of the anatomy of 
birds and salamanders but devoted much of his time also to activities 
in connection with conservation in the Chicago region. 

Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant, carried on the annual check of 
marked blue-racers in the Indiana dune region. This work is part 
of the long-term project of the Division of Reptiles to learn more 
about the movements and hibernation of this snake. 



Accessions— Zoology 

The purchase of 600 selected specimens of mammals from the 
collections of the Bombay Natural History Society and of about 
1,000 specimens from Assam (from Dr. Walter Koeltz) has added to 
the study collections a number of genera and numerous species of 
mammals of India hitherto unrepresented in Chicago. Among 
important accessions of birds during the year are those from the 
Conover Angola Expedition (1,096 specimens) and the material 
collected by Field Associate Fleming and his associates in India 
and Nepal. Material received from the Philippines Study Trip, 
Field Associate Rabor, and the National Museum of the Philippines 
totals 617 specimens. 

The outstanding addition to the collections of the Division of 
Amphibians and Reptiles for the year is a set of paratypes of 50 
species of amphibians and reptiles received through exchange with 
the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. A 

60 



small collection from Father A. Buch, of Dalat, Vietnam, contains 
remarkable forms new to the collection and includes a very distinct 
new species of Calamaria, the group of snakes of especial current 
interest to the division. In the Division of Fishes the Museum's 
share of the "Crossroad Collections," received in 1954 through 
co-operation with the United States National Museum, amounted 
to 5,028 specimens (see page 80 for descriptive catalogue of this 
material). The Museum continued to receive fine collections of 
fishes of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea from the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service. The most important single acces- 
sion of the year for the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy was a 
collection of several hundred nonhuman skulls and skeletons pre- 
sented by Northwestern University Dental School (primarily the 
collection of the late Dr. William Bebb, of the university staff). 

In the Division of Insects the most important accession of the 
year was the Gerhard Collection of Hemiptera-Heteroptera, or true 
bugs, presented by Curator Emeritus William J. Gerhard, who 
collected and studied these insects for fifty years and is a recognized 
authority on the group. The Gerhard Collection totals 10,810 
specimens, mostly from North America. The McElhose Collection 
of North American butterflies and moths, which consists of about 
12,000 specimens and is especially rich in the Microlepidoptera 
(small moths hitherto scarcely represented in the Museum's collec- 
tions), was presented by the family of the late Arthur L. McElhose, 
of Arlington Heights, Illinois. Other valuable gifts of insects and 
allied forms were received from Dr. David Cook of Wayne University 
(types of 11 species of water mites) and from the American Museum 
of Natural History (198 beetles, including 49 paratypes). Through 
the courtesy of A. S. Vernay, the Museum will share in an important 
entomological collection secured in South Africa by the Vernay- 
Transvaal Museum Expedition to Kunene River and Angola. From 
Fritz Plaumann, of Nova Teutonia, Brazil, the Museum purchased 
7,210 beetles, including a small but valuable collection of Brazilian 
bark and timber beetles that contains 285 paratypes. 

The shell collection of the late James H, Ferris, which had been 
stored since his death in Joliet (Illinois) Township High School, 
was aquired by the Museum in exchange for a selected collection 
that could be used in the teaching of biology. The Ferris Collection 
includes some 3,000 lots of shells and a large number of paratypes 
and of topotypes of land-snails of southwestern United States, a 
region in which Mr. Ferris made pioneer studies. From the private 
collection of his father, the late Carter H. Harrison, who was five 
times mayor of Chicago, Carter H. Harrison, Jr., of Chicago, pre- 

61 



sented a series of eight specimens of an aquatic snail, Helisoma 
' (Planorbella) multivolvis Case, a species known only from Howe 
Lake, Marquette County, Michigan. Gifts of Cuban land-snails 
and of marine shells were received from Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel, of 
Scarsdale, New York. The world-wide collection presented by Dr. 
Orlando Park, of Northwestern University, amounts to some 8,000 
specimens and includes marine shells collected by the United States 
Exploring Expedition of 1832-42 and Palestinian land-shells from 
the material collected by the late Reverend H. B. Tristram, famous 
for his zoological studies in the Mediterranean region. 



Care of the Collections— Zoology 

The rearrangement and boxing of the large skulls of mammals 
stored on the fourth-floor gallery was completed during the year by 
the Division of Mammals. As in previous years the work of Tanner 
Dominick Villa has been of the greatest importance in the care of 
the collections of large and medium-sized mammals. Extensive 
rearrangement of the collections in the Division of Birds was made 
possible by the use of steel cases that had been vacated by the 
Division of Amphibians and Reptiles. These were provided with 
diaphragms and drawers, and the result is much greater accessibility 
of the whole collection of nonpasserine birds, in which the game-bird 
collections have been integrated with those of the late Boardman 
Conover, Trustee and Research Associate, in the Conover Room. 
The preliminary identifications of various collections by Mrs. Ellen 
T. Smith, Associate, and Richard Duffey, volunteer, have been of 
great value in the arrangement of incoming material for the research 
collections of birds. 

In the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles the vital task of 
examining the entire collection to guard against unnoticed evapora- 
tion was completed by Assistant Marx, a time-consuming routine 
chore on which depends the life of the collection. Corresponding 
attention to the collections of the Division of Fishes was given by 
Assistant Pearl Sonoda, who was aided during part of the year 
by Miss Susan Montague, Antioch College student. During the 
summer Carlos Bumzahem, an assistant, finished processing the 
Bishop Collection of amphibians and reptiles, which is now com- 
pletely integrated with our collection. 

In the Division of Insects, Curator Emeritus Gerhard completed 
the transfer of the butterflies and moths of the Strecker Collection 
into steel-case storage trays, and complete fumigation of this collec- 

62 



tion was undertaken. The incorporation of the Gerhard Collection 
of true bugs (see page 61) into Museum drawers and cabinets has 
been begun. August Ziemer, Assistant, continued to collate the 
collections of North American moths, prepared many thousands of 
insects for study, and, with some assistance, lined about two thou- 
sand insect-traps with cork for use in the collections. Research 
Associate Seevers continued the transfer of the Bernhauer Collection 
of staphylinid beetles into Museum drawers and cabinets, and 
Research Associate Alex K. Wyatt spent much time in sorting the 
moths and butterflies of the McElhose Collection (see page 61), 
culling out poor specimens so that the collection could be accessioned. 
The acquisition of the Ferris Collection, mainly of small land-snails 
(see page 61), threw an unusual burden of routine work on the 
Division of Lower Invertebrates. In the arrangement of this ma- 



The new habitat group of Malay tapirs in William V. Kelley Hall was unveiled on 
Members' Night by Rush Watkins, who collected the specimens in Siam (see text). 




63, 



terial Curator Haas was aided by Miss Patricia Borden, a summer 
assistant, and by the part-time work of George Johnston, Glenn 
Keldsen, and Fred Menning, Antioch College students, who also 
assisted in care of other collections of the department. 



Exhibits— Zoology 

The habitat group of Malay tapirs, occupying one of the two 
remaining spaces in William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17, Asiatic Mam- 
mals), was first shown to the public at a special ceremony on Mem- 
bers' Night by Rush Watkins, of Chicago, a Contributor of the 
Museum (see page 29). The two fine specimens and material for 
the exhibit were obtained in 1949 by the Rush Watkins Zoological 
Expedition to Siam, in which Mr. Watkins, Curator Sanborn, and 
Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder participated. The animals were 
prepared for exhibition by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters by his own 
cellulose-acetate method, the background was painted by Douglas 
E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator, and groundwork and accessories were 
prepared and installed by Taxidermists Carl W. Cotton, Ronald 
J. Lambert, and Wonder. 

Taxidermist Cotton continued his work on the synoptic series 
of birds of the world for Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21, Birds in 
Systematic Arrangement) and experimented with two exhibits in- 
volving mechanical changes of lighting and scene — one to show to 
advantage the irridescence of the plumage of hummingbirds, the 
other to show the seasonal color-change from summer brown to 
winter white in the ptarmigan. An exhibit illustrating the biology 
of monotremes and marsupials (Hall 15, Mammals in Systematic 
Arrangement) was prepared by Artist Joseph B. Krstolich under 
the direction of Curator Davis, and work was begun on a similar 
exhibit for the edentates. Installation in Albert W. Harris Hall 
(Hall 18, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects) of an exhibit of frogs 
of the world was completed by Taxidermist Lambert, and work on 
an exhibit of boas and pythons was well advanced at the end of the 
year. A special exhibit for Members' Night, "The 'Why' of Museum 
Insect Collections," prepared by Curator Wenzel and Miss Margaret 
G. Bradbury, Artist, remained on display in Stanley Field Hall 
through October and November and was found suitable for per- 
manent exhibition in Hall 18. The exhibit consists of an expository 
case with four divisions (see pages 82 and 83 for two of the divisions). 
Supplementary cases on Members' Night contained drawers of 
specimens and other illustrative material. 

64 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

The objective of the Library of the Museum is to accumulate and 
maintain a collection that contributes to the effectiveness of the 
scientific research and investigation done in the Museum. To keep 
pace with the increasing demands of the Museum's research program, 
the Library must acquire promptly after publication all books and 
periodicals that represent the product of systematic studies in the 
Museum's specialized divisions and make this literature accessible 
to the scientific staff and their colleagues. Inasmuch as the im- 
portance of a library is not indicated by its size but by the manner 
in which and the extent to which it is used, additions to the Mu- 
seum's Library are selected on the basis of fitness rather than 
number of volumes. 

The Library during the year obtained by purchase, gift, and 
exchange 2,048 volumes, bringing the size of the total collection to 
approximately 145,900 volumes. Following the pattern of past 
years, serials continued to form the major part of the acquisitions. 
Approximately 1,900 serial publications are received currently 
through exchange. Extensi\e as the exchange is, the Library still 
finds it necessary to subscribe for an additional 331 journals that 
are not available by exchange. 

The Library's program for acquisition is based largely on an 
extensive system of exchange agreements with allied societies, insti- 
tutions, universities, academies, and other organizations throughout 
the world. In co-operation with the Division of Publications, the 
Library continued during the past year to review agreements for 
exchange of publications made before 1947. Negotiations for many 
new important exchanges, both domestic and foreign, have been 
satisfactorily completed. Special consideration has been given to 
reopening exchanges with institutions in some of the countries 
behind the Iron Curtain, exchanges that have been suspended since 
the war years. Also, the postwar years have enabled many scientific 
societies to reorganize. The Library has endeavored to keep abreast 
of these developments so that the journals now resuming publication 
may be incorporated into the Library's records and important new 
serials may be obtained. 

Some of the Library's most important items are gifts that have 
been received over the years. This year, too, the collection has been 
augmented by valuable contributions. Representative of the sig- 
nificant gifts received during the year are the many volumes on 
entomology contributed by William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus 
in the Museum's Division of Insects. Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief 

65 



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66 



Curator of Zoology, continued his practice of contributing many 
volumes from his private collection to the General Library. The 
Library's holdings were further notably increased by the generosity 
and courtesy of the donors whose names appear on page 101. Grate- 
ful acknowledgement is made for their interest in the Museum as 
shown by the thoughtfulness of their gifts. 

The cataloguing division reports that 3,871 volumes were classified 
and 17,254 cards were made for the general and departmental 
catalogues. Of the approximately 145,900 volumes in the collection, 
44,864 now are under the Library of Congress system of classification. 
These volumes are represented in the new section of the general 
catalogue by a total of 121,269 cards. An additional 1,690 cards for 
monographs were filed in the general catalogue, which has been 
divided into two sections that have separate uses. At the close of 
the year, 298 volumes had been withdrawn under reclassification 
and by weeding out obsolete and otherwise useless material. In 
accordance with the Library's policy of keeping its collection to a 
minimum, unneeded duplicates were withdrawn to be sold or ex- 
changed with other institutions for more desirable material. 

There has been a significant new development in the cataloguing 
division because of the work begun on the cataloguing and classi- 
fication of the Library's collection of anthropological literature on 
the Far East, particularly China, consisting of writings in both 
Oriental and Occidental languages. Our East Asian Collection 
consists of two main parts: (1) the general collection and (2) the 
Laufer Collection, bequeathed to the Museum in 1934 by the late 
Dr. Berthold Laufer, former Chief Curator of the Department of 
Anthropology. The general collection, which encompasses the major 
portion of the literature on East Asia, includes the main corpus of 
standard books in Occidental and Oriental languages. The Laufer 



At the left is reproduced a page from J^"^^^}^ (Kuang Chin Shih Yun-Fu), 
a six-volume seventeenth-century work composed by ^-^fnj^ (Lin Shang-k'uei) in 
expansion of an earlier work by Chu Shih-wang. The book, a wood-block edition 
in two colors, illustrates varying styles of early Chinese characters as found on 
ancient bronze vessels and stone tablets. The encircled modern forms are placed 
in the traditional rhyme system, with the variant archaic forms, each accompanied 
by a statement of its source, listed below. The Museum's collection of titles 
in Oriental languages in content spans the fields of anthropology and Sinology 
and in date includes editions of the Ming, Ch'ing, and post-dynastic periods. 

67 



Collection of works in Oriental languages, mainly Chinese, is a small 
but select collection of some thousands of volumes dealing with 
diverse fields relevant to anthropology and Sinology. The already 
wide range and diversity of the general collection is being augmented 
by acquisition of older publications and those currently published, 
thereby bringing this material up to date on the languages, peoples, 
geography, and history of the Far East. As an effective tool for 
research the general collection will complement the Laufer Collection. 
M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and the Library staff are exercising great care in the co-ordination 
and arrangement of these valuable books and in the application of 
methods for their preservation. In order that the collection should 
be readily available for Curator Starr's research, a room has been 
provided for it in the anthropology area adjacent to his own office. 

Integration of publications in the Far Eastern languages into 
the Library's collection and classification scheme presented nu- 
merous problems. The first step was to secure the services of a 
scholar who had not only a knowledge of present-day Chinese 
characters but who also could interpret the many changes Chi- 
nese characters have undergone from their earliest inscriptions, and 
thus in January, 1954, Dr. Hoshien Tchen was appointed Technical 
Adviser for the Oriental Collection. 

Before the actual work of organizing the material could be under- 
taken, a study was made of the systems adopted by different libraries 
in the United States housing major collections similar in nature, 
and consultations were held with the head of the cataloguing 
division of the Library of Congress and with Tsuen-Hsuin Tsien, 
Librarian of the Far Eastern Library of the University of 
Chicago. Upon further deliberation with Dr. Tchen, Curator 
Starr, Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian of the Museum, and Mrs. 
M. Eileen Rocourt of the Library's cataloguing division, it was de- 
cided to conform partially to the procedure in use in the Museum 
Library, although this method would necessitate some minor 
changes in certain sections of the Library of Congress classification 
schedules to permit the incorporation of this collection into the 
Library's shelf-list. The romanization of the titles and names of 
authors follows the standard pronunciation of the original language. 

After an experimental stage, actual cataloguing of the collection 
began in May, 1954. By the end of October, 320 titles in about 
1,200 volumes had been catalogued. This is a singular accomplish- 
ment in view of the fact that these figures do not include the new 
acquisitions published in the Far Eastern languages that have been 
catalogued concurrently with the work on the Oriental Collection. 

68 



Interlibrary-loan service, which is one of the Library's major 
activities, is considered important to research, and grateful ac- 
knowledgement is made to all the libraries that have so courteously 
served the Museum Library. The many books borrowed and lent 
during the year can show only a fraction of the activities in the 
reference division, and there has been an annual increase in reader- 
attendance and inquiries by telephone. The binding program re- 
sulted in the binding or rehabilitation of 1,274 volumes. In the 
stackrooms many of the shelves had become overcrowded because 
of shifting of material caused by reclassification, and, as the year 
closed, the work of rearrangement was almost completed in two of 
the three stackrooms in the General Library. Clerical activity is 
one of the most substantial operations in the Library. Of the 
13,571 pieces of mail received during the course of the year (journals 
and correspondence, exclusive of books), 7,824 items were recorded 
on the Kardex. Additionally, 171 letters were translated into 
English from the French, German, and Spanish languages. During 
part of the year the Library was assisted in its clerical work by Miss 
Ruth Florin, Antioch College student. 



MOTION PICTURES 

John W. Moyer, Chief of the Division of Motion Pictures, returned 
to his duties on the first of August after an extended leave of absence 
during which he had served as Consul of the United States to India, 
with headquarters in Calcutta. During the year three motion- 
picture productions were edited, titled, and completed for use: "To 
a New 'Lost World,' " from footage taken in 1953 by Dr. Julian A. 
Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Herbarium, on his expe- 
dition to Venezuela; "Marsh Birds of the Upper Nile," from footage 
taken in 1953 on the expedition to East Africa led by Walther 
Buchen, Trustee of the Museum; and "Life Histories of the Cecropia 
and Polyphemus Moths," made up from footage from the Museum's 
Film Library. A film to be titled "Indians of the Chicago Region" 
is being prepared. The films in the Museum's increasing collection 
are used extensively by Raymond Foundation in its educational 
work, but they also are on constant loan to organizations of all 
kinds and, lately, to television stations. During the last part of 
the year a complete change in the storage of all films was undertaken, 
a check was made of all accessions, and our catalogue of film-subjects 
was brought up to date. The normal care of motion-picture film 
requires continuous work to keep films in first-class condition. 

69 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

The Division of Photography made during the year a total of 24,135 
negatives, prints, enlargements, and lantern slides for the Museum, 
other institutions, the press, and general sales. In the Division of 
Illustration, material was prepared for the departments and divisions 
of the Museum throughout the year by Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff 
Illustrator, who was ably assisted during the summer months by 
Wendell Hall, a student. The background for the habitat group of 
Malay tapirs was completed by Mr. Tibbitts (see pages 29 and 64). 
Illustrations for two series of "Museum Stories" (Raymond Founda- 
tion) and for Curator Patterson's study of early Cretaceous mammals 
were made, and lettering, retouching of photographs, designs, and 
map revisions were done for scientific and miscellaneous publications. 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

Every opportunity was used throughout the year to inform the 
public of the Museum's diverse activities and functions and to 
attract visitors to take advantage of its educational and entertain- 
ment facilities. Daily newspapers, national press-services, maga- 
zines, radio and television stations and networks, and other infor- 
mation channels all co-operated generously in promoting interest. 

Direct publicity releases issued through the Division of Public 
Relations, many accompanied by photographs, reached a total of 
341. In many instances these releases, which were widely published 
approximately as prepared in Museum copy, stimulated editors to 
assign their own staff reporters and photographers to follow up 
with special articles and broader pictorial coverage. Similarly, the 
news departments and program directors of television and radio 
stations frequently find in a news release the stimulus for develop- 
ment of a special program. Thus a story released by the Museum 
often results in a multitude of presentations in print and on the air, 
frequently from coast to coast and even internationally. An 
additional source of publicity is the Museum's monthly Bulletin 
which, although published primarily for the information of Members 
of the Museum, is circulated to newspapers and news agencies. 

The overwhelming demands upon the limited space of all news- 
papers for adequate coverage of world events and also for promotion 
of thousands of civic institutions and other good projects often 
cause the press unintentionally to neglect or "underplay" worth- 
while cultural undertakings. Special tribute is therefore paid to the 

70 



editorial discretion of executives of the Philadelphia Inquirer for 
using their pages (November 7 issue) to present one of the most 
impressive features ever published about this Museum. For this, 
two entire pages of the Sunday "Colorama" section were devoted 
to pictures in color of four of the dioramas of marine invertebrate 
life in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (these dioramas in Hall 37 are 
restorations showing life of hundreds of millions of years ago) . The 
picture of each diorama was unusually large (one-half page), and 
the reproductions were remarkable for their fineness of detail and 
faithfulness to the colors of the original exhibits. Informative 
captions accompanied each picture. The result was not only a 
gratifying testimonial to the effectiveness of work done at this 
Museum but was also an outstanding example of newspaper enter- 
prise in an educational field. It is pleasing to note that the editors 
have indicated their intention of publishing a similar double-page 
layout of four more of the dioramas early in 1955. 

For co-operation in publicizing the Museum grateful acknowl- 
edgment is made especially to all four members of Chicago's 
metropolitan daily press — Daily News, Tribune, Sun-Times, and 
American. Press services that contributed greatly to the spread of 
information from the Museum include the City News Bureau of 
Chicago, Associated Press, United Press, International News Service, 
International News Photos, and Science Service. Some two hun- 
dred neighborhood, suburban, and foreign-language publications also 
devoted generous space to Museum activities. In the fields of 
television and radio communication, the Museum is indebted for 
cordial co-operation to all the following: National Broadcasting 
Company and its local stations, WNBQ(TV) and WMAQ; Columbia 
Broadcasting System with WBBM and WBBM-TV; Dumont Tele- 
vision Network with WGN-TV; Mutual Broadcasting System and 
WGN (radio) ; American Broadcasting Company-Paramount Thea- 
ters, Inc., with WLS and WBKB(TV). Also the Museum acknowl- 
edges the friendly services of many independent local radio stations, 
including WIND, WJJD, WAIT, WAAF, WFMT, WFMF, WFJL, 
WEDC, WEAW, WCRW, WCFL, WBIK, WSBC, WOPA, WNMP, 
WLEY, WHIP, WHFC, WXRT, WGES, and WMBI. 

For the display in stations and passenger coaches of placards 
advertising the lectures for adults provided by the Edward E. Ayer 
Lecture Foundation Fund and the programs for children presented 
by Raymond Foundation, the Museum acknowledges the courtesy, 
which has now been extended for many years, of Chicago Aurora 
and Elgin Railroad, Illinois Central System, Chicago and North 
Western Railway, and Chicago Transit Authority. 

71 



PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

Distribution of publications of the Museum through exchange with 
other institutions and individual scientists throughout the worid 
continued as the principal activity of the Division of Publications 
(see page 65), and during the year 12,501 publications were sent 
out. Since the major portion of the recipients are in foreign coun- 
tries, the assistance of the International Exchange Service of the 
Smithsonian Institution in forwarding our parcels from Washington, 
D.C., to their final destinations is of great importance to our publi- 
cation program. The Museum thanks the International Exchange 
Service for its many years of co-operation in this endeavor. Sales 
of Museum publications totaled 50,201 copies, approximately one- 
half of which were copies of our General Guide. The sale of color 
transparencies of Museum exhibits was expanded by the addition 
of new subjects, and 2,298 slides were sold during the year. 

The Museum printed during the year seventeen publications 
in its scientific series, two (reprints) in its popular series, two hand- 
books, and one annual report. The total number of copies printed 
was 43,381, with a total of 1,921 pages of type composition. Twelve 
numbers of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, 
averaging 6,250 copies an issue. Other work by letterpress included 
posters, price lists, lecture schedules, programs, Museum labels, 
post cards. Museum stationery, and specimens tags, totaling 802,957 
impressions. Two series of Museum Stories, "Spices" and "Small 
Living Things" (written by members of Raymond Foundation), 
and miscellaneous work printed by the Vari-type-offset process 
during the year totaled 254,699 impressions. 

The following publications were issued by Chicago Natural 
History Museum during 1954: 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 37, 122 pages, 31 illus- 
trations (reprint) 

Kroeber, A. L. 

Proto-Lima, a Middle Period Culture of Peru; with Appendix: Cloths, by 
D wight T. Wallace, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 44, no. 1, 157 pages, 
94 illustrations 

Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, and Elaine Bluhm 

Capes of the Reserve Area, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 42, 227 pages, 
102 illustrations 

72 



QuiMBY, George I. 

Indians of the Western Frontier, Paintings of George Catlin, Handbook, 
78 pages, 35 illustrations 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Saipan, the Ethnology of a War-Devastated Island, Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
vol. 41, 383 pages, 32 illustrations 

Thompson, J. Eric S. 

The Civilization of the Mayas, Popular Series, Anthropology, no. 25, 96 pages, 
36 illustrations (reprint) 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Sherff, Earl Edward 

Revision of the Genus Cheirodendron Nutt. Ex Seem, for the Hawaiian Islands, 
Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 29, no. 1, 45 pages 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Olson, Everett Clair 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 7; Pelycosauria: Family Caseidae, Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 10, no. 17, 12 pages, 4 illustrations 



Eight-year-old artist shows his drawing of swordfish beside the model in Hall O 
(art schools of Chicago hold regular sketching classes in the halls of the Museum). 




73 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY (continued) 

Olson, Everett Clair (continued) 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 8; Pelycosauria: Dimetrodon, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 18, 6 pages 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 9; Captorhinomorpha, Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 10, no. 19, 8 pages, 2 illustrations 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

Note on an Eocene Crab, Harpactocarcinus mississippiensis Rathbun, Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 10, no. 20, 5 pages, 4 illustrations 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Brown, Walter C. 

Notes on Several Lizards of the Genus Emoia, with Descriptions of New Species 
from the Solomon Islands, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 25, 14 pages, 

2 illustrations 

Inger, Robert F. 

Philippine Zoological Expedition, 191t6-19It.7; Systematics and Zoogeography 
of Philippine Amphibia, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 33, no. 4, 351 pages, 
71 illustrations 

Mitchell, Rodger D. 

Check List of North American Water-Mites, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 35, no. 3, 
44 pages 

Radford, Charles D. 

A New Larval Mite from Eritrea (Acarina: Trombiculidae) , Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 29, 4 pages, 4 illustrations 

Some Mites of Yemen, Collected by the Medical Mission of the United States 
Naval Medical Research Unit No. S, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 28, 
19 pages, 13 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

Social Feeding Behavior of Birds, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 36, no.l, 71 pages, 

3 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L., and Emmet R. Blake 

Birds the World Over, As Shown in Habitat Groups in Chicago Natural History 
Museum, Handbook, 96 pages, 46 illustrations (7 in color) 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

Bats from Chimantd-tepui, Venezuela, with Remarks on Choeroniscus, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 27, 5 pages 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Notes on Frogs of the Genus Telmatobius, with Descriptions of Two New Peru- 
vian Species, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 26, 11 pages, 1 illustration 
The Annellated Coral Snake, Micrurus annellatus Peters, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 34, no. 30, 7 pages, 2 illustrations 



ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATIONS 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1953, 139 pages, 
24 illustrations 

74 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
SOCIETIES 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, and George I. Quimby, Curator of North American 
Archaeology and Ethnology, attended the annual meetings in Detroit 
of the American Anthropological Association, the annual meeting 
in Albany, New York, of the Society for American Archaeology, 
and the annual meeting at Purdue University of the Central States 
Anthropological Society (Curator Collier was president of this society 
and Curator Quimby was elected a member of its executive board). 
Curator Collier was a discussion leader in a conference on museums 
and archaeology at the University Museum in Philadelphia sponsored 
by the American Anthropological Association and the Wenner-Gren 
Foundation for Anthropological Research. Dr. John B. Rinaldo, 
Assistant Curator of Archaeology, attended the concurrent meetings 
of the Pecos Conference on Southwestern Archaeology and the Great 
Basin Conference on Archaeology held in Globe, Arizona, at South- 
western National Monuments headquarters. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, was elected vice- 
president of the Society for the Study of Evolution and continued 
to serve as chairman of the Committee on Paleobotany, Division 
of Earth Sciences, National Research Council. He participated as 
a discussion leader in a symposium at Missouri Botanical Garden 
on the role of systematics in modern biology. During the summer 
he attended the Eighth International Botanical Congress in Paris as 
the official representative of the Museum (see page 79 for titles of 
papers read), where he was appointed a member of two committees 
— the Committee on Generic Synopses (Genera Plantarum) and the 
Committee for Paleobotanical Nomenclature — and presided at a 
symposium on the origin and evolution of angiosperms. Dr. Jos6 
Cuatrecasas, formerly Curator of Colombian Botany, also attended 
this congress (see page 78 for titles of papers read). Paul C. Stand- 
ley, Curator Emeritus of the Phanerogamic Herbarium, who now 
lives in Honduras, was appointed by the President of Honduras as 
technical adviser ad honorem in the botany department of the 
Ministry of Agriculture of Honduras. In recognition of her botanical 
studies in Mexico and Central America, Dr. Margery C. Carlson, 
Associate in Botany, was selected as the third recipient of the Sarah 
Gildersleeve Fife Award, given by the Garden Club of America. 

Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, attended the 
meetings held at the University of Florida of the Society for the 
Study of Evolution, of which he was president. The concurrent 

75 



meetings of the American Society of Ichtliyologists and Herpetolo- 
gists were attended by Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians 
and Reptiles, and Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes. Chief Curator 
Schmidt attended also the meeting of the board of governors of that 
society and of the committee on common names of the Herpetological 
Branch. He was elected an Honorary Fellow by the Indian Academy 
of Zoology, of Agra, India. Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator of 
Mammals, and Philip Hershkovitz, Associate Curator, attended the 
meetings of the American Society of Mammalogists held in Estes 
Park, at which Curator Sanborn was elected a trustee and appointed 
chairman of the committee on nomenclature. Dr. Austin L. Rand, 
Curator of Birds, represented the Museum at the Eleventh Inter- 
national Ornithological Congress in Basel, Switzerland, and continues 
as a member of the International Committee, the governing board 
for the International Ornithological Congresses. Emmet R. Blake, 
Associate Curator of Birds, Dr. R. M. Strong, Research Associate 
in the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, and Curator Rand attended 
the meetings of the American Ornithologists' Union at the University 
of Wisconsin. Curator Woods, Miss Pearl Sonoda, Assistant in the 
Division of Fishes, and Miss Margaret G. Bradbury, Artist in the 
Department of Zoology, attended the meetings of the Illinois 
Academy of Science in Monmouth. Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of 
Insects, who attended the meetings in Houston of the Entomological 
Society of America, was appointed to the society's committee on 
professional status and standards. He served also on the committee 
that arranged for the celebration in Illinois of the centennial of 
official entomology. Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects, 
attended the meetings in Omaha of the North Central Branch of 
the Entomological Society of America. On the return trip from his 
expedition in Israel, Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
was awarded, in recognition of his scientific achievements, the Jacob 
Cretzschmar Medal at a special session of the Senckenberg Natural 
History Society in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany (he is the first 
scientist to receive this medal). 

Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation, attended meetings of the American Asso- 
ciation of Museums in Santa Barbara, California, at which she was 
chairman of the Children's Museums Section; Midwest Conference 
of Museums in Detroit; National Conference of Audio- Visual In- 
struction of the National Education Association in Chicago, during 
which she participated in a discussion of museums as school resource- 
centers; and Adult Education Conference in De Kalb, Illinois, for 
which she was "resource leader" on the topic "Museums and 

7G 




Celestino Kalinowski, Assistant Taxidermist, with his balsa raft on the Madre de 
Dios River in southeastern Peru, collects specimens for the Museum collections. 



Adult-Education Programs." Miss Wood and Miss Harriet Smith, 
Guide-Lecturer of Raymond Foundation, attended the meetings in 
Chicago of the Educational Film Library Association, where they 
contributed to a special discussion on local production-techniques. 
Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian of the Museum, and Mrs. M. 
Eileen Roucourt, of the Library staff, attended the Annual Mid- 
western Conference of the American Library Association. John M. 
Millar, Deputy Director of the Museum, attended the Midwest 
Conference of Museums in Detroit, where he was elected vice- 
president of the association. 

Chief Curator Just continued as editor of Lloydia (quarterly 
journal of biological science published by Lloyd Library and Mu- 
seum, Cincinnati) and of Paleobotanical Report (published by the 
Division of Earth Sciences of the National Research Council). Dr. 
Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, continued as foreign-news 
editor and Assistant Priscilla F. Tumbull as a regional editor of 
the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology News Bulletin. Chief Curator 
Schmidt continued as a section editor of Biological Abstracts. 

Publications of members of the scientific staff during 1954 besides 
those issued by Chicago Natural History Museum include the 
following articles and reviews in various journals: 

77 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Collier, Donald 

"The Role of Museums in American Anthropology," American Anthropologist, 
vol. 56, no. 5, pt. 1, pp. 768-779 [with Harry Tschopik, Jr.] 

Review of Investigaciones Arqueologicas en la Sabana de Bogota, Colombia: 
Culture Chibcha (by Emil W. Haury and Julio Cesar Cubillos), in American 
Anthropologist, vol. 56, no. 5, pt. 1, p. 922 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Comments on Rouse's Article on the Area Co-Tradition," American An- 
tiquity, vol. 20, no. 2, p. 160 

"Comments on Southwestern Archeology, Its History and Theory" (by Walter 
W. Taylor), American Anthropologist, vol. 56, no. 4, pt. 1, pp. 570-572 

"Mogollon Culture in Western New Mexico," Southwestern Lore, vol. 20, 
no. 1, pp. 1-4 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"Comments on Time Depths of American Linguistic Groupings," American 
Anthropologist, vol. 56, no. 3, p. 364 

"Cultural and Natural Areas before Kroeber," American Antiquity, vol. 19, 
no. 4, pp. 317-331 

"The Old Copper Assemblage and Extinct Animals," American Antiquity, 
vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 169-170 

RiNALDO, John B. 

Review of Field Archaeology (by R. J. C. Atkinson), in American Anthropolo- 
gist, vol. 56, no. 3, p. 522 

Review of Woodchuck Cave, a Basketmaker II Site in Tsegi Canyon, Arizona 
(by H. Claiborne Lockett and Lyndon L. Hargrave), in American Antiquity, 
vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 183-184 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

CUATRECASAS, JOSE 

"Disertaciones Sobre Bombacaceae," Revista de la Academia Colombiana de 
Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, vol. 9, pp. 164-177 
"Distribution of the Genus Espeletia," Huitieme Congres International de 
Botanique Paris 195k, Rapports et Communications, section 4, pp. 131-132 
"Dos Moraceas y dos Compuestas Nuevas de Venezuela," Boletin de la 
Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 15, pp. 107-111 

"El Genero Mniodes," Folia Biologica Andina, vol. 1, pp. 1-7 

"Estudios Sobre Plantas Andinas," Mutisia (Acta Botanica Colombiana), 

no. 19, pp. 1-9 

"Five New Species of Brunellia," Phytologia, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 481-485 

"New Species of Compositae from Ecuador, Collected by W. H. Camp," 

Brittonia, vol. 8, pp. 39-49 

"Notas a la Flora de Colombia," Revista de la Academia Colombiana de 

Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, vol. 9, pp. 233-249 

"Nouvelles Composees de I'Amerique du Sud," Bulletin de la Societe Botanique 

de France, vol. 101, pp. 242-246 

"Novelties in the Bombacaceae," Phytologia, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 481-485 

"Outline of Vegetation Types in Colombia," Huitieme Congres International 
de Botanique Paris 1 95U, Rapports et Communications, section 7, pp. 11-12> 
"Synopsis der Gattung Loricaria Wedd.," Repertorium Specierum Novarum 
Regni Vegetabilis, vol. 2, no. 56, pp. 149-172 

78 



Drouet, Francis 

"Natural History of Plummers Island, Maryland, XL Blue-green Algae 
(Myxophyceae)," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 67, 
pp. 239-242 

"Parasitization by Fungi in the Coccoid Myxophyceae," Huitieme Congres 
International de Botanique Paris 195^, Rapports et Communications, 
section 17, pp. 48-49 

Just, Theodor 

"Generic Synopses and Their Role in Modern Botanical Research," Taxon, 
vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 201-202 

"Modern Systems of Classification of the Plant Kingdom," Huitieme Congres 
International de Botanique Paris 195 U, Rapports et Communications, 
section 2, p. 1 

"Origin and Development of Botanical Museums," Huitieme Congres Inter- 
national de Botanique Paris 195 U, Rapports et Communications, sec- 
tion 26, p. 218 

"The Paleobotanical Approach to the Problem of the Origin and Evolution 
of Angiosperms," Huitieme Congres International de Botanique Paris 195It, 
Rapports et Communications [awaiting publication] 

Sherff, Earl Edward 

"Further Notes upon the Flora of the Hawaiian Islands," in Botanical 

Leaflets (published by the author), no. 9, pp. 2-10 

"Notes on Certain Coreopsidae (Bidens L. and Coreopsis L.) of Mexico and 

Southeastern Africa," in Botanical Leaflets (published by the author), no. 9, 

pp. 10-14 

"Two Additions to the Genus Bidens (fam. Compositae) from Africa," 

American Journal of Botany, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 762-763 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Columnea stenophylla," The National Horticultural Magazine, vol. 33, 

no. 3, pp. 212-215 

"Longevity of Some Botrychium Species," American Fern Journal, vol. 44, 

no. 3, pp. 108-111 

"Notes on Some Roses in the Gray's Manual Range," Rhodora, vol. 56, 

no. 664, pp. 70-79 

"Una Neuva Especie de Ilex de Venezuela," Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana 

de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 15, no. 82, pp. 176-178 

"Una Neuva Especie de Sickingia en Venezuela," Boletin de la Sociedad 

Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, vol. 15, no. 81, pp. 112-113 

"Underwater Orchid," The Aquarium, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 26-27 

Thieret, John W. 

"The Tribes and Genera of Central American Scrophulariaceae," Ceiba, 
vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 164-184 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Patterson, Bryan 

"The Geologic History of Non-Hominid Primates in the Old World," Human 
Biology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 191-209 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

A Bibliography of the Conularida (Bulletins of American Paleontology, 
volume 34, number 145), 143 pages [with G. Winston Sinclair] 
"Pennsylvanian Insects of Illinois," Transactions of the Illinois State Academy 
of Science, vol. 46, pp. 147-153 

79 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY (continued) 

Roy, Sharat K., and Robert K. Wyant 

"Caliza de Agua Dulce de Valle de Torola al Noreste de El Salvador," 
Communicaciones del Instituto Tropical de Investigaciones Cientificas de la 
Universidad de El Salvador, vol. 3, nos. 2-3, pp. 99-106 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Davis, D. Dwight 

"Primate Evolution from the Viewpoint of Comparative Anatomy," Human 
Biology, vol. 26, pp. 211-219 

Haas, Fritz 

"Non-Marine Mollusks from the Pacific Slope of North America," Nautilus, 
vol. 68, pp. 94-96 

"Some Marine Shells from the Persian Gulf," Nautilus, vol. 68, pp. 46-47 
"Zur Anatomie und Entwicklingsgeschichte einiger athiopischer und sud- 
amerikanischer Unionazeen," Archiv fiir Molluskenkunde, vol. 83, pp. 89-90 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 7: Tapirs (Genus 
Tapirus), with a Systematic Review of American Soecies," Proceedings of 
the United States National Museum, vol. 103, pp. 465-496, 5 illustrations 

Inger, Robert F. 

"On a Collection of Amphibians from Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo," 
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, vol. 44, pp. 250-251 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A Philippine Kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda Latham) Uses a Tool," 
Silliman Journal, vol. 1, pp. 83-85 

"Immature Females with Adult Male Characters," The Auk, vol. 71, 
pp. 474-475 

"Notes on Downy Plumages of Loons (Gavidae)," The Canadian Field- 
Naturalist, vol. 68, pp. 13-15 

"On the Spurs on Birds' Wings," The Wilson Bulletin, vol. 66, pp. 127-134 
"The Ice Age and Mammal Speciation," Arctic, vol. 7, pp. 31-35 

S-^nborn, Colin Campbell 

"Bats of the United States," Public Health Reports, vol. 69, pp. 17-28 
"Mammals from the Departments of Cuzco and Puno, Peru," Publicaciones 
del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado," Lima, Peru, Ser. A., Zoologica, 
no. 12, pp. 1-8 

"Weights, Measurements, and Color of the Chilean Forest Puma," Journal 
of Mammalogy, vol. 35, pp. 126-128 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Fifteenth International Congress of Zoology, 1953," Science, vol. 119, 

pp. 114-115 

"J. E. Johnson, Jr. — An Appreciation," Copeia, 1954, no. 3, pp. 247-248 

"Omissions from the Sixth Edition of the Check List of North American 

Amphibians and Reptiles," Copeia, 1954, no. 4, pp. 304-306 

"Reports of the Lund University Chile Expedition 1948-1949, 13. Amphibia 

Salientia," Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, n.f., part 2, vol. 49, pp. 1-6 

Woods, Loren P. 

Fishes of the Marshall and Mariana Islands (United States National Museum 
Bulletin 202), volume 1, xxxii-|-685 pages, 74 plates, 90 text figures 
[with Leonard P. Schultz and collaborators] 

80 



CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

In 1953 the Department of Anthropology of the Museum and the 
Department of Anthropology of the University of Chicago joined 
with Newberry Library, of Chicago, in representing to the Carnegie 
Corporation of New York the need for a center in Chicago for the 
study of the society and culture of the Philippine Islands, with 
the purpose of eventually assessing more closely the part played by 
the United States in their westernization and modem development. 
The Carnegie Corporation then granted a total of $75,000 over a 
five-year period for support of the proposal, which was organized late 
in 1953 under the name "Philippine Studies Program." Dr. Fred 
Eggan, of the University of Chicago, is the director, and Evett D. 
Hester, who holds the Thomas J. Dee Fellowship in Anthropology 
at the Museum, serves as associate director. The Philippine Studies 
Program has started, under the supervision of Mrs. Ruth Lapham 
Butler, Custodian of the Ayer Collection at Newberry Library, with 
the calendaring by Dr. Paul Lietz, of Loyola University, of Newberry 
Library's extensive collection of Philippine manuscripts, the re- 
searches by Dr. John Phelan, presently in Spain, on the role of 
church in the early Philippines, and the translation of several manu- 
scripts relating to pre-contact situations. The Philippine Studies 
Program has allotted $1,000 to the Museum for support of our 
Pacific Research Laboratory project (see pages 40 and 86) . 

Many scientists from other institutions made use during the year 
of the research collections and laboratories of the Museum and con- 
sulted with members of its scientific staff. Dr. Hans Stiibel, professor 
at Erlangen University, Germany, and a specialist on the aboriginal 
tribes of China, continued until November his research at the 
Museum under a Fulbright grant and with the additional aid of a 
fund generously given to the Museum by a group of donors who 
wished to support his work (see page 30). In this he utilized the 
Museum's ethnological collections and library resources, and so was 
enabled to complete a manuscript on a group of eastern Tibetan 
nomads, among whom he had done field work. His broad scholarship 
and his vast knowledge of China were both stimulating and helpful 
to the staff of the Department of Anthropology. Among others 
who used the anthropological study-collections were Miss Grace 
Denny, University of Washington; Dr. Stella Kramrisch and Dr. 
Schuyler Cammann, University of Pennsylvania; Edgar Kaufmann, 
Jr., Museum of Modern Art; Dr. Robert T. Hatt, Director, Cran- 
brook Institute of Science; Dr. Sueji Umehara, Kyoto University, 
Japan; and Soame Jenyns, British Museum, London. 

81 



THE^WHrOF MUSEUM INSECT COLLECTIONS 



COLUaiONS AM THI BA$iS Oil 

DESCRIPTION AND CLASSIFICATION 



DttCRIPTIONS 



If 



FltLO CUIDIS 
AMD HANDBOOKS 



% 



MOMOCtAPHI TfXTIOOKI 






An exhibit for Members' Night explains the function of the Museum's research 
collections, which are vastly greater than those displayed in the exhibition halls. 



Botanists who visited the Museum for consultation or study 
include Ali Mohammed Rawi, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, 
Iraq; Dr. Albert C. Smith and George Black, United States National 
Museum; Dr. A. Wolfson, Northwestern University; A. R. Teixeira, 
Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. Oren C. Durham, Abbott Laboratories, 
Chicago; Dr. George Cummins, Mr. and Mrs. Joe F. Hennen, and 
Mr. and Mrs. John Lingappa, Purdue University; Dr. Sidney F. 
Glassman, University of Illinois (Navy Pier, Chicago); Dr. Robert 
Scott, Harvard University; Dr. Stanley A. Cain, University of 
Michigan; Dr. Charles E. Olmsted and Dr. Paul Voth, University 
of Chicago; Dr. John D. Dwyer, St. Louis University; Eugene Nasir, 
Gordon College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Burdett Green, Fine Hard- 
woods Association, Chicago; Dr. Bassett Maguire and Dr. John 
Wurdack, New York Botanical Garden; Dr. George H. Coons, 
United States Department of Agriculture; Miss Patricia Morrisey, 
Chicago; Dr. George Forster, Chicago Public Health Institute; Dr. 
Frederick Plough, American Museum of Natural History; Dr. 
D wight Moore, University of Arkansas; Dr. Alison Baird, University 

82 




COLLECTIONS ARI USED FOK iNVBSTlCATINC 

BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS 



GROWTH 



MIMICRY 




The insect collections, for example, are used in scientific studies that result in 
technical writings published in the Museum's 'Tieldiana" series and elsewhere. 



of Western Australia; Dr. James E. Canright, Indiana University; 
Dr. Edward Press, University of Illinois, School of Medicine; Dr. 
and Mrs. Rolla M. Tryon, Missouri Botanical Garden; Dr. Manuel 
Maldonado-Kordell, Instituto Panamericano de Geografia e Historia, 
Mexico; Mrs. Elizabeth Wagner and A. J. Goldsmith, Chicago; Dr. 
R. R. Panje, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, India; Miss 
Ruth Sokow, Scott Foresman and Company, Chicago; and Dr. 
Walter Baron, Chemical Abstracts, Columbus, Ohio. 

Visitors who came to the Museum for the purpose of examining 
specimens in the study-collections of the Department of Geology 
include Dr. A. S. Romer and Dr. Ernest E. Williams, of Harvard 
University, Dr. Bobb Schaeffer, of the American Museum of Natural 
History, Dr. David H. Dunkle, of the United States National Mu- 
seum, and A. G. Edmund, of Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology and 
Paleontology, Toronto. Shimon R. Angress, a student at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago from Israel, spent several months in the paleon- 
tology laboratory learning modern techniques of preparation under 
the supervision of Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils. 

83 



Scientists who consulted with our zoology staff or spent some 
time in examination of our zoological collections include Harold C. 
Hansen, T. E. Moore, Dr. Herbert H. Ross, and Dr. Milton W. 
Sanderson, Illinois Natural History Survey; Dr. E. L. Du Brul and 
Dr. D. F. Hoffmeister, University of Illinois; Dr. D. L. Johnson and 
Dr. Alexander Wetmore, United States National Museum; T. T. 
Thew, Davenport Museum; Miss Amy Suehiro, Bernice P. Bishop 
Museum, Honolulu; Alan Solem, Dr. Robert Taylor, and Dr. 
Josselyn van Tyne, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan; 
Dr. Rodger D. Mitchell, University of Vermont; Dr. Rollin Baker, 
University of Kansas; Dr. W. B. Davis, Texas Agricultural and 
Mechanical College; Dr. Heinz Felten, Senckenberg Museum, 
Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; Dr. Dean Amadon, Dr. Mont 
Cazier, Dr. Willis J. Gertsch, and Dr. Karl Koopman, American 
Museum of Natural History; Dr. James Steele, United States Public 
Health Service; Dr. Paul Davenport, Illinois Public Health Service; 
Captain Jean Delacour, Los Angeles County Museum; Byron E. 
Harrell, University of Minnesota; William H. Phelps, Caracas, 
Venezuela; Dr. FVank A. Pitelka, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 
University of California; Eugene Ray, Chicago; Dr. Orlando Park, 
Northwestern University; Dr. Dwain W. Warner, Museum of 
Natural History, University of Minnesota; Dr. Charles G. Sibley, 
Cornell University; Dr. Fred R. Cagle, Tulane University of Louisi- 
ana; Dr. Ernest E. Williams, Harvard University; Dr. Stanley 
Auerbach and Harry G. Nelson, Roosevelt University; Dr. Joseph 
Camin, Chicago Academy of Sciences; Dr. Sidney Camras, Chicago; 
Dr. Ralph Crabill, Washington University (St. Louis) ; Earl A. Cross, 
University of Kansas; Dr. David Cook, Wayne University; Dr. 
Thomas Daggy, Davidson College; William Gillespie, Miami College; 
Dr. Ivo Poglayen and Dr. Ingeborg Poglayen, University of Vienna, 
Austria; and Dr. Gerhard W. Teague, Montevideo, Uruguay. 

The Reverend Brother Henrano Gin^s, director of Sociedad de 
Ciencias Naturales in Caracas, Venezuela, and professor of biology 
in the College of La Salle, and Dr. Luis M. Carbonell, an alumnus of 
the college, visited all the divisions of the Museum to become 
familiar with our collections and our methods of operation and exhi- 
bition. Other visitors who came to observe our operating methods 
were Nevati Dolunay, director of the Museum of Archaeology in 
Ankara, Turkey, and Professor Yasushi Hoshino, of the Tokyo 
Institute of Technology and the Museum of Japan. The Reverend 
Brother Gilberto Fabian, professor of laws at the National University 
of Colombia, examined, in behalf of the Museum of Natural Science 
of the Institute of La Salle, our methods for preserving specimens. 

84 



Several members of our scientific staff devote some of their time 
to lecturing and to supervising the studies of graduate or under- 
graduate students who carry on special work at the Museum. Dr. 
Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Donald Collier, 
Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, and George 
I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
gave the course in muscology at the Museum for the University of 
Chicago during the winter and spring quarters. The advanced 
course in vertebrate paleontology of the University of Chicago was 
given at the Museum by Dr. Everett C. Olson, professor of verte- 
brate paleontology at the university and Research Associate in the 
Museum's Division of Fossil Vertebrates. Dr. Francis Drouet, 
Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, taught a course on fresh- 
water algae for the summer session of the University of Minnesota 
at Lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Station. D. Dwight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, was given a six-month leave of 
absence to serve as visiting professor of paleontology at California 
Institute of Technology. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the 
Phanerogamic Herbarium, lectured at Washington University (St. 
Louis); Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, at North- 
western University; Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, 
at University of Chicago and University of Michigan; Philip Hersh- 
kovitz. Associate Curator of Mammals, at University of Illinois 
(Urbana); and Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, at 
Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. 

College classes from University of Chicago, McMaster University 
(Hamilton, Ontario), Northwestern University, and Valparaiso Uni- 
versity visited the scientific departments of the Museum and in- 
spected the laboratories, workrooms, and herbaria. Individual 
students seeking information came in increasing numbers to the 
Museum from distant as well as near-by colleges and universities, 
among them De Paul University, Illinois Institute of Technology, 
Morton Junior College, Wheaton College, Illinois State Normal 
University, Western Michigan College of Education, Hiram College, 
and University of Wisconsin. Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, 
Institute of Design, and School of the Art Institute of Chicago are 
among art schools that use the Museum regularly for supervised 
study and class work (the Museum presents each summer a special 
showing in Stanley Field Hall of work by students from the School 
of the Art Institute). Under the co-operative educational plan 
adopted in 1946 by the Museum and Antioch College, Yellow 
Springs, Ohio, twelve young men and women were employed in 1954 
by the Museum in its scientific departments and Library. 

85 



MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTIOH AND ENGINEERING 

The major work of converting Hall H on the ground floor into a 
storage, research, and study area was completed this year. The 
Pacific Research Laboratory, as this area is now called, is probably 
the finest ethnological research laboratory in existence anywhere 
(see page 40). Its facilities include not only ample storage for all 
types of ethnological specimens but also special installations for 
proper hanging of clothing, drawer-storage of small items, a poison- 
room with adequate exhaust fans for care of materials subject to 
insect damage, and well-lighted study space. The availability of 
the stored specimens has been uppermost in the minds of the anthro- 
pologists who planned the laboratory and of the maintenance and 
engineering personnel who carried out the plans and spared no 
effort to make the laboratory comfortable, complete, and efficient. 
Illumination is provided through installation of 217 fluorescent 



Cabinets for filing small and fragile objects are among the special installations 
provided in the spacious storage'room of the new Pacific Research Laboratory. 




86 



units. A room in the anthropology area on the third floor was set 
aside for the care and study of the Museum's hbrary of Far Eastern 
archaeology and ethnology, an important part of which is the 
Berthold Laufer Collection (see page 67). Steel shelving, study 
tables, and fluorescent lighting were installed to make this room a 
complete study-unit. 

Throughout the year maintenance and engineering personnel 
supported the work of the scientific departments in their installations 
by preparing special cases and lighting boxes, special lighting equip- 
ment, picture frames, and miscellaneous items as required. The 
moving of exhibition cases and heavy exhibition material was also 
done by maintenance personnel, experienced in this type of work. 
Packing cases were prepared for shipment of publications, specimens, 
and expeditionary equipment. Lighting was changed or augmented, 
and a multiplicity of minor tasks was accomplished for the smooth 
operation of various other phases of Museum work. In addition, 
experimental models were prepared for the Division of Birds, and 
4,000 pieces of cork and 1,500 wooden blocks were cut to measure 
for storage boxes in the Division of Insects. The periodic poisoning 
of exhibition cases that contain vulnerable material was continued 
according to schedule. Eight additional benches were built and 
placed in exhibition halls to relieve "Museum fatigue." Handrails 
were installed on the outside steps at the south entrance of the 
building to assist visitors in times of slippery pavements and windy 
or stormy weather. 

Tuckpointing was done in localized areas, primarily the outside 
steps and the stack. New window shades were installed in the 
exhibition halls on the ground and first floors. The time of the 
painters that was actually not needed for finishing Museum cases, 
screens, or other installation equipment was devoted to washing 
and painting walls in offices, corridors, and exhibition halls. The 
cleanliness of the building depends on ceaseless and repetitious care. 

The Division of Engineering continued its program of substi- 
tution of new panel-boards for the older types originally installed 
in the building, which are now obsolete. Nine new units were 
provided, and new heavy-duty outlets now make adequate lighting 
possible for photographing exhibits in the exhibition halls. Ceiling 
fixtures were removed in two exhibition halls (7 and 34), and lighting 
boxes equipped with fluorescent fixtures were installed on the exhi- 
bition cases. A new 16mm projector was purchased and installed 
in James Simpson Theatre, aisle lights were repaired or replaced if 
necessary, and the public-address system was checked and improved 
so that lectures may be given under the best conditions possible. 

87 



All boilers were thoroughly cleaned, drums washed out, and 
tubes turbined as early in the summer as the heating season would 
permit. Boiler walls were covered with mastic insulating material 
to stop air leaks and maintain boiler efficiency. The entire plant 
was cleaned and inspected; pumps were checked for wear and in 
some cases completely overhauled. A new return-pipe was installed 
in Hall D (ground floor) to by-pass an old installation underground 
that was not functioning effectively. Five hundred new radiator 
traps were installed throughout the building in order to complete 
the replacement program started last year. Normal maintenance 
of water, gas, and sewer lines was carried on throughout the year as 
needs developed. Under existing contracts with Shedd Aquarium 
and the Chicago Park District, a total of approximately 28,100,000 
pounds of steam was provided. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 



Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



88 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

OF RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES 

CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1954 AND 1953 



Operating Fund 

RECEIPTS 1954 1953 

From investments of 

General endowment funds $ 711,279.14 $ 708,344.42 

Life and associate membership funds 29,525.31 27,728.10 

$ 740,804.45 $ 736,072.52 

Chicago Park District 139,554.27 127,532.68 

Annual and sustaining memberships 25,335.00 20,695.00 

Admissions 34,105.75 33,049.50 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 49,043.84 39,820.81 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 88,894.08 83,754.49 

$1,077,737.39 $1,040,925.00 



EXPENDITURES 

Operating expenses 

Departmental operating expenses $ 452,071.58 

General operating expenses 371,564.11 

Building repairs and alterations 87,933.21 

$ 911,568.90 
Collections 

Purchases and expedition costs 35,885.15 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 40,790.25 

Pensions and employee benefits 64,474.03 

Appropriations in lieu of premiums formerly 

payable on assigned life insurance 14,500.00 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000.00 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of The 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

(contra) 1,238.79 

$1,078,457.12 

DEFICIT FOR YEAR $ (719.73) 



$ 423,848.91* 
389,173.24* 
107,718.50 

$ 920,740.65 

36,912.11 

9,853.66 

57,016.82 

14,500.00 

10,000.00 

123.65 
$1,049,146.89 

$ (8,221.89) 



* Museum general operating expenses for the year 1953 of $314,721.38 have been transferred to 
departmental operating expenses to conform with 1954 classification 

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 

89 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1954 AND 1953 (CONTINUED) 



The N. W. Harris Public School 

Extension 1954 



1953 



Income from endowments $ 22,818.55 $ 21,369.33 

Expenditures 24,057.34 21,492.98 

DEFICIT TRANSFERRED TO OPERATING FUND 

(CONTRA) $ (1,238.79) $ (123.65) 



Other Restricted Funds 

RECEIPTS 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments $ 59,319.99 $ 53,805.44 

Contributions for specified purposes 25,218.38 13,400.00 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation and contingencies 

(contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Sundry receipts— net 39,731.26 36,808.81 

$ 134,269.63 $ 114,014.25 



EXPENDITURES 

Transferred to Operating Fund to apply 

against expenditures (contra) $ 88,894.08 $ 83,754.49 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 30,000.00 52,000.00 

$ 118,894.08 $ 135,754.49 



EXCESS (deficiency) OF INCOME OVER EX- 
PENDITURES $ 15,375.55 $ (21,740.24) 



To THE Trustees 

Chicago Natural History Museum 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1954 and 1953, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the year. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young and Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 21, 1955 

90 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1954 AND 1953 



1954 1953 

Total attendance 1,142,200 1,204,855 

Paid attendance 136,423 132,198 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 37,724 32,450 

Schoolchildren 97,891 75,979 

Teachers 4,855 4,667 

Members of the Museum 575 520 

Service men and women 1,540 1,648 

Special meetings and occasions 2,793 1,095 

Press 20 6 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 151,014 (52) 155,497 

Saturdays (51) 280,835 (52) 277,346 

Sundays (52) 428,530 (52) 523,467 

Highest attendance on any day 

(August 15) 13,610 (February 22) 15,323 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(December 15) 238 (December 18) 161 

Highest paid attendance (July 5) 5,147 (September 7) 4,223 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 3,147 (363 days) 3,319 

Average paid admissions (208 days) 656 (207 days) 633 

Number of picture post-cards sold 236,575 248,392 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular). General Guide, and 
photographs; articles checked; rental 

of wheel chairs $20,754.17 $21,078.60 

91 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History- 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 



92 



ACCESSIONS, 1954 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



ChicagoNaturalHistory Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1954): 51 whole or restorable pottery 
vessels, 180 stone, bone, and clay arti- 
facts, and 6 burials — Higgins Flat 
Pueblo, Apache Creek Pueblo, and 
Valley View Pueblo, near Reserve, 
New Mexico 

Collected by George I. Quimby and 
James R. Getz (Lower Mississippi 
Valley Archaeological Field Trip, 1954) : 
archaeological materials of stone and 
clay from sites in Mississippi and 
Louisiana 

Purchases: 2 textile specimens of 
Paracus culture, Peru; cast of complete 
skull and mandible from La Ferrassie, 
France; 64 specimens (silver ornaments, 
beads, etc.) from historical-period In- 
dian graves along Des Plaines River, 
near Channahon, Will County, Illinois 

Childs, C. F., Chicago: palm-leaf 
book containing texts in Pali(?) — south- 
ern India(?) (gift); pottery cup. Early 
Dynastic — Ur of the Chaldees (gift) 

Drake, Teresa, Chicago: Chippewa 
or Potawatomi bandoleer and pouch — 
upper Great Lakes area (gift); Sioux(?) 
pipe bag — Plains area (gift) 

Florida, University of, Gaines- 
ville: Kickapoo collection — Oklahoma 
and Mexico (exchange) 



Gesiler, Mrs. F. W., Burbank, 
California: 5 spurs (and case) for cock- 
fighting — Sumatra (gift) 

Harvey, Byron, III, Chicago: 
Ashanti brass weight shaped like pea- 
nut — West Africa (gift); dance kilt 
(Jemez) — New Mexico (gift) 

Hester, Evett D., Jeffersonville, 
Indiana: 134 pieces from Hester Col- 
lection of Philippine ceramic recoveries 
— Philippine Islands (gift) 

McBain, Hughston M., Chicago: 
Japanese sword (17th-century Shinano) 
— Japan (gift) 

Mendelson, R. W., M.D., Albu- 
querque: house model — Siam (gift) 

Nelson, Mrs. Selma O., Chicago: 
pair of Lapp-type moccasins — Sweden 

(gift) 

Schwab, Henry C, Estate of, 
Chicago: 10 pieces of Chinese porcelain 
—China (gift) 

Trier, Robert, Chicago: plate 
made from mother-of-pearl — Hong 
Kong, China (gift) 

Wenner-Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research, Inc., 
New York: wooden Churinga (probably 
Arunta) — Central Australia (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY-ACCESSIONS 



Aristeguieta, Dr. Leandro, Cara- 
cas, Venezuela: 8 plant specimens (gift) 

Bauer, Bill, Imperial, Missouri: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Becker, Robert H., Chicago: 3 
plant specimens (gift) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
3,762 plant specimens (gift) 

Berliner, Dr. J. F. T., Chicago: 10 
wood specimens (gift) 

Branisa, Professor L., Sucre, Bo- 
livia: 2 lichens (gift) 

Braun, Dr. E. Lucy, Cincinnati: 2 
plant specimens (gift) 



British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 240 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Caetaneda, Raphael Romero, 
Ministerio de Agricultura, Bogota, 
Colombia: plant specimen (gift) 

California, University of, Ber- 
keley: 818 plant specimens (exchange); 
2 plant specimens, a few seeds and 
fruits (gift) 

Centre Technique Forestier 
Tropical, Nogent-sur-Mame, France: 
218 wood specimens (exchange) 



93 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark (field trips) : 751 plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(field trips): 94 specimens, 13 plant 
specimens, 110 seed samples 

Purchases: 203 plant specimens — 
Africa; 1,000 plant specimens — Austra- 
lia; 860 plant specimens — Canada; 300 
plant specimens — Japan; 79 plant speci- 
mens — Mexico 

Commonwealth Scientific and 
Industrial Research Organization, 
South Melbourne, Australia: 50 wood 
specimens (exchange) 

Culberson, William L., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 15 lichens (gift) 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis: 
556 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Dawson, E. Yale, Los Angeles: 
cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

DiGREE, Mrs. Betha, Kodiak, 
Alaska: plant specimen (gift) 

Distillation Products Industries, 
Rochester, New York: 5 economic 
specimens (gift) 

Downing, Glenn R., Battle Creek, 
Michigan: plant specimen (gift) 

Dudley Herbarium, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 36 liverworts (ex- 
change) 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 51 fungi (gift) 

EiSEMAN, Ralph M., Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

EscuELA Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 762 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Facultad de Ciencias Naturales 
Y MusEO, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 200 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Fassett, Dr. Norman C, Madison, 
Wisconsin: 34 plant specimens (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 109 plant specimens, 15 crypto- 
gamic specimens (gift) 

Florists' Review, Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Forest Research Institute, Ro- 
torua. New Zealand: 33 wood specimens 
(exchange) 

Forests, Conservator of, Accra, 
Gold Coast: 32 wood specimens (ex- 
change) 

Forests, Conservator of, Nairobi, 
Kenya: 12 wood specimens (exchange) 

Forests, Department of, Natanya, 
Israel: 22 wood specimens (exchange) 



French, Gertrude, Park Ridge, 
Illinois: plant specimen (gift) 

Glidden Company, Soya Products 
Division, Chicago: 8 economic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Greenberg, Albert, Tampa, Flor- 
ida: plant specimen (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Harvard University, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: Botanical Museum, 
14 plant specimens (gift); Gray Her- 
barium, a few seeds and fruits (gift); 
Herbarium of Cryptogamic Botany, 
238 cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Harvey, Bryon, III, Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Heiser, Dr. Charles B., Jr., 
Bloomington, Indiana: 16 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Hershey, Robert, Woodruff, Wis- 
consin: fungus (gift) 

Hitchcock, C. Leo, Seattle: 13 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Howell, Mrs. Meta P., Chicago: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Illinois, University of, Urbana: 
325 plant specimens (exchange) 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield: 
97 plant specimens (gift) 

Iltis, Dr. Hugh H., Fayetteville, 
Arkansas: 253 plant specimens (ex- 
change) 

Instituto Biologica de Defesa 
Agricultura e Animal, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 21 plant specimens (exchange) 

Instituto Botanico, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: plant specimen (gift) 

Instituto de Biologia, Chapulte- 
pec, Mexico: 25 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

Instituto Geobiologice "La 
Salle" de Canoas, Estado do Rio 
Grande do Sul, Brazil: 20 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Kaspiew, Professor B., Adelaide, 
Australia: 5 plant specimens (gift) 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago: 3 
plant specimens (gift) 

Lawson, G. W., Achimota, Gold 
Coast: 62 algae (gift) 

Lewin, Dr. R. a.. Maritime Re- 
gional Laboratory, Halifax, Nova 
Scotia: 14 algae (gift) 

Louisiana Polytechnic Institute, 
Ruston: 90 plant specimens (exchange) 



94 



McGiLLiARD, Eleanor, Chatta- 
nooga, Tennessee: 2 plant specimens 
(gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 146 cryptogamic specimens 
(exchange) ; 2 plant specimens (gift) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 145 plant specimens (exchange); 
a few seeds and fruits (gift) 

Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois: 
plant specimen (gift) 

MuLLiNEUX, Dr. E. G., Liverpool, 
England: 2 microscope slides (exchange) 

MUSEO DE HiSTORIA NATURAL, Lima, 
Peru: 50 plant specimens (exchange) 

Museum National d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Paris: 575 plant specimens 
(exchange); 11 plant specimens (gift) 

Napoli, a., New York: economic 
specimen (gift) 

Naylor, Dr. E., Fayette, Iowa: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Newbill, T. J., Fort Lauderdale, 
Florida: 2 plant specimens (gift) 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 374 plant specimens (ex- 
change) ; a few seeds and fruits (gift) 

Nielson, Dr. Chester S., Tala- 
hassee, Florida: 377 algae (gift) 

Northwestern University, Evans- 
ton, Illinois: Index to American Botani- 
cal Literature (Torrey Botanical Club) 
(gift) 

Palmer, Ernest J., Webb City, 
Missouri: 1,565 plant specimens (gift) 

Perry, Mrs. E. C, Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Peters, Dr. Hans M., Tubingen, 
Germany: 3 plant specimens (gift) 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences, Philadelphia: a few seeds and 
fruits (gift) 

Richards, Donald, Fund: 50 mosses 
— New Zealand; 400 cryptogams — 
Sweden 

Richards, Elmer J., Fund: 7,000 
lichens — Italy 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., Gur- 
nee, Illinois: 2 fungi (gift) 

Ross, Lillian A., Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
England: 37 plant specimens (exchange) 

Sbarbaro, Dr. Camillo, Spotorno 
(Savona), Italy: 401 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 



SCHULTES, Dr. Richard E., Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts: 45 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Segal, Simon, Chesterton, Indiana: 
2 plant specimens (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Hazelcrest, Illinois: 
4 fungi (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 
1,222 plant specimens, 19 photographs 
(gift) 

Smith, Mrs. Ellen T,. Lake Forest, 
Illinois: plant specimen (gift) 

Southern Methodist University, 
Dallas: 106 mosses (exchange) 

Swift and Company, Hammond, 
Indiana: economic specimen (gift) 

SwiNK, Floyd A., Chicago: 157 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Thieret, Dr. John W., Chicago: 170 
seed samples, 145 plant specimens, 248 
wood specimens (gift) 

Tilden, Josephine E., Lake Wales, 
Florida: 32 algae (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture: 23 plant specimens, 73 
wood specimens (exchange); 27 eco- 
nomic specimens (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C: 17 plant specimens 
(exchange); 1 cryptogamic specimen, 
a few seeds and fruits (gift) 

Universitets Institution fur Sys- 
tematisk Botanik, Uppsala, Sweden: 
62 plant specimens, 784 cryptogamic 
specimens (exchange) 

Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 5,625 plant specimens (gift) 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Cor- 
poration: New York: economic speci- 
mens (gift) 

VoTH, Dr. Paul, Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Webster, Grady L., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 15 plant specimens (gift) 

Wilson, Archie F., Mount Gilead, 
Ohio: 16 wood specimens (exchange); 
54 plant specimens (gift) 

Wolf, Mrs. Marion, Lafayette, 
Louisiana: 45 fruits (gift) 

Wood, John W., Maplewood, Louisi- 
ana: plant specimen (gift) 

Yale University, New Haven, 
Connecticut: 24 plant specimens (gift) 



95 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Bennett, Holly Reed: 7 polished 
nodule-sections, 3 polished orbicular 
jasper-sections, 2 specimens of amygda- 
loidal basalt — Oregon and California 
(gift) 

Blindie, Richard, Shenandoah, 
Pennsylvania: collection of fossil ferns 
— Pennsylvania (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: casts of fossil primates 
— Kenya (exchange) 

Brown, George F., Chicago: collec- 
tion of rocks and minerals — various 
localities (gift) 

California Institute of Tech- 
nology, Pasadena: cast of fossil horse 
(composite) (exchange) 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
collection of fossil reptiles, amphibians, 
fishes — Texas (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
(John Simon Guggenheim Memorial 
Foundation study trip, 1953-54): casts 
and specimens of fossil fishes — Great 
Britain, Sweden, and Norway 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Texas Paleontological 
Expedition, 1954): 14 gastropods — 
Texas; 1,200 pounds of concentrates — 
Trinity sands of Texas 

Collected by Robert K. Wyant (Lake 
Superior Geological Field Trip, 1954): 
rocks and minerals — Lake Superior 
region 

Purchases: 13 rocks and minerals — 
various localities; 31 rocks and minerals 
— Antarctic region 

Transfers: James H. Ferris Collection 
of Miocene shells (Maryland) — from 
Department of Zoology, Chicago Nat- 
ural History Museum (see page 61 and 
also Accessions, Department of Zoology, 
"Joliet Township High School," page 
98) 

Chicago Natural History Museum, 
Members of the Board of Trustees: 
restored skeleton of Gorgosaurus libratus 
— Alberta, Canada (gift) 

CoPELAND, Murray, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 4 slides of mounted Penn- 
sylvanian ostracods (gift) 

CoPULOS, Milton, Chicago: fossil 
oyster — Greece (gift) 

Cornfield, Harry, Chicago: speci- 
men containing Tertiary leaf — Colo- 
rado (gift) 



Denison, Dr. Robert H., Chicago: 
4 specimens of Dictyocaris — Norway 
(gift) 

Fiore, Carl, Chicago: concretion — 
Illinois (gift) 

Harvey, Byron, Jr., and Byron 
Harvey III, Chicago: collection of 
fossil invertebrates, vertebrates, and 
plants — various European localities 
(gift) 

Hazel, Burrell F., Fort Peck, 
Montana: collection of fossil crabs, am- 
monites, pelecypods — Montana (gift) 

Kreutzer, Dan, Chicago: trilobite 
specimens and slab containing Ordo- 
vician invertebrates — Ohio and Indiana 
(gift) 

Kreutzer, Dan, Chicago, and John 
Cutler, Cincinnati, Ohio: slab and 6 
specimens of Glyptocrinus dyeri — Ohio 
(gift) 

Langford, George, Chicago, Eu- 
gene S. Richardson, Jr., Gumee, 
Illinois, and Dr. and Mrs. Robert H. 
Whitfield, Evanston, Illinois: 2 Penn- 
sylvanian myriapods — Illinois (gift) 

Northwestern University Den- 
tal School, Chicago: Bebb collection 
of fossil vertebrates — Rancho la Brea, 
Los Angeles (gift) 

Paleontologisk Museum, Oslo, 
Norway: 34 Devonian fossil fishes — 
Norway and Spitsbergen (exchange) 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., 
Gumee, Illinois: 2 Cretaceous worms — 
New Jersey (gift) 

Robert, Max, Paris: phosphate ore 
containing shark's tooth — Algeria (gift) 

Roberts, Tom, Chicago: specimen of 
pyrite — Wyoming (gift) 

Smithsonian Institution, Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 27 rocks — various localities 
(exchange) 

Steen, Charles A., Moab, Utah: 
specimens of uranium-vanadium ore — 
San Juan County, Utah (gift) 

Stocks, Clayton, Moab, Utah: 
specimens of uranium-vanadium ore — 
San Juan County, Utah (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: rubber casts of 
skeleton of Phlegethontia mazonensis — 
Illinois (exchange) 

Vera, Eugenio, Rio Piedras, Puerto 
Rico: 3 mandibles and 2 isolated teeth 
of Isolobodon portoricensis — Puerto Rico 
(exchange) 



96 



Walker, Mr. and Mrs. Preston, 
Grand Junction, Colorado: Diplacodon 
jaw, 4 turtle carapaces, 3 turtle plas- 
trons — Colorado (gift) 

Wray, 0. R., Val d'Or, Quebec, 
Canada: specimen of varved clay — 
Canada (gift) 



Wyoming, University of, Laramie: 
Astraspis and Eripsychius — Wyoming 
(exchange) 

Zangerl, Carl, Hazel crest, Illinois: 
collection of fossil invertebrates — Illi- 
nois (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia: bird — 
Haiti (exchange) 

AcosTA Y Lara, Eduardo, Monte- 
video, Uruguay: 7 batskins and skulls 
— Uruguay (gift) 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: Department of 
Amphibians and Reptiles, snake — 
Belgian Congo (exchange); 2 frogs 
(paratypes) — Chile (exchange) ; De- 
partment OF Insects and Spiders, 
weevil (paratype) — Mexico (gift); 198 
beetles (49 paratypes of 19 species) — 
Mexico, United States, and Bahama 
Islands (gift) 

Arias C, Sergio, Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: collection of non-marine shells — 
Venezuela (gift) 

Atkins, Owen E., Oshkosh, Wiscon- 
sin: birdskin — Africa (gift) 

Bartel, Mr. (full name lacking), 
Chicago: bat — Chicago (gift) 

Beatty, Lee D., Tucson, Arizona: 
10 batflies — Arizona (exchange) 

Beer, Dr. James, St. Paul: 2 bat- 
skins and skulls — Mexico (gift) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Ten- 
nessee: 126 beetles — Tennessee and 
Madagascar (gift) 

Bergstrom, David W., Oxford, 
Ohio: 147 insects and allies — Mexico 
(gift) 

Biesb, Dr. Walter, Santiago, Chile: 
collection of fresh-water shells (15 para- 
typical lots) — Chile (exchange) 

Bokermann, Dr. Werner C. A., 
Sao Paulo, Brazil: 7 frogs — Brazil (ex- 
change) 

Bolling, Mrs. Robert, Omaha : col- 
lection of marine shells — Alaska (gift) 

BoNDAR, Dr. Gregorio, Salvador, 
Bahia, Brazil: 3 beetle co types — Brazil 
(gift) 

Borell, Dr. Adrey E., Oklahoma 
City: 3 bats— Texas (gift) 



Brodie, Laura, Chicago: snake — 
South Carolina (gift) 

Brodkorb, Pierce, Gainesville, 
Florida: 7 frogs, 10 lizards — Mexico 
(exchange) 

Brown, Dr. Walter C, Duma- 
guete, Negros, Philippine Islands: 5 
frogs — Philippine Islands (gift) 

Buck, Father A., Dalat, Vietnam, 
Indochina: 10 lizards, 20 snakes — (gift) 

Burns, Lieutenant Colonel Ken- 
neth, Fort Sam Houston, Texas: 2 bats 
—Texas (gift) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: collection of inland 
shells — various South American coun- 
tries (gift) 

Campbell, John M., Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: 17 birdskins — Philippine 
Islands (gift) 

Chicago Academy of Sciences, 
Chicago: 17 paratypes of mites — 
Illinois (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (Cali- 
fornia Zoological Field Trip, 1952): 
3,351 insects and allies, 21 lots of iso- 
pods and snails — California; (Midwest 
Zoological Field Work, 1953): 1,162 
insects and allies — various southern 
states 

Collected by Donald S. Erdman 
(West Indies Zoological Expedition, 
1953): 859 fishes — Haiti, Dominican 
Republic, and Puerto Rico 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Pales- 
tine Zoological Expedition, 1954): 
worm-snake (Israel), 112 insects — 
Palestine 

Collected by Gerd H. Heinrich 
(Conover Angola Expedition, 1954): 
1,096 birdskins, 425 mammals, 56 am- 
phibians and reptiles — Angola 

Collected by Celestino Kalinowski 
(Peru Zoological Expedition, 1953-54): 
139 amphibians and reptiles, 51 fishes, 
317 birdskins, 2 birdnests with eggs. 



97 



1,043 mammals, 21 lots of inland mol- 
lusks and Crustacea, 469 insects — Peru 

Collected by Hymen Marx (Louisi- 
ana Zoological Field Trip, 1954): 14 
reptiles, 1 fish — Louisiana and Missis- 
sippi 

Collected by Dr. Austin L. Rand 
(Philippines Study Trip, 1953-54): 10 
mammals, 368 birds — Philippine Is- 
lands 

Purchases: 1,822 mammals, 655 birds, 
703 reptiles and amphibians, 27 fishes, 
9,540 insects, approximately 1,750 lots 
of lower invertebrates 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 18 birdskins and 6 bird 
skeletons, 2 mammals, 5 reptiles — 
various localities (gift) 

Cincinnati, University of, Depart- 
ment of Zoology, Cincinnati: 2 bird- 
skins — Ohio (exchange) 

Cole, Stanley, Puente, California: 
mammal — locality unknown (gift) 

Conant, Roger, Philadelphia: 2 
garter snakes (neotypes) — South Caro- 
lina (gift) 

Cook, Dr. David, Detroit: 29 water 
mites ((11 holotypes, 18 para types) — 
various localities (gift) 

Cope, Dr. James B., Richmond, 
Indiana: bat, snake — South Africa 
(exchange) 

Copland, Stephen J., Australia: 
lizard (paratype) — Australia (gift) 

Culberson, William L., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 2 shells — Wisconsin (gift) 

Dendy, Dr. Jack S., Auburn, Ala- 
bama: 2 lampreys — Alabama (gift) 

Drake, Robert J., San Diego: 9 
land shells — California and Mexico 
(exchange) 

Du Bois, Dr. Ernest P., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 mammal skulls, reptile skele- 
ton, amphibian skull, fish skull — lo- 
cality unknown (gift) 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 150 insects and allies — Illinois 
(gift) 

EiSEMAN, Ralph M., Chicago: bird- 
skin — Illinois (gift) 

Erdman, Donald S., Mayaguez, 
Puerto Rico: 19 lots of fishes — Domini- 
can Republic and Puerto Rico (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: collection of marine shells — 
Dibai, Persian Gulf (gift) 

Fleming, Dr. Robert L., Mussoorie, 
India: 1,095 birdskins — India and Ne- 
pal (gift and exchange) 



Florida, University of, Gaines- 
ville: birdskin — Mexico (exchange) 

Florida State Board of Health, 
Jacksonville: 56 bats — Florida (gift) 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: bird- 
skin — Chicago (gift) 

Gaisler, Jiri, Prague, Czechoslo- 
vakia: 10 bats — Czechoslovakia (ex- 
change) 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 23 reptiles — India (gift) 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 319 
insects — United States (gift) ; collection 
of 10,810 true bugs — chiefly North 
America (gift) 

Greenberg, Dr. Bernard, Chicago: 
8 lizards — Egypt (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 3 sala- 
manders — Canada (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem, Israel: 
11 bats — Israel (exchange) 

Haines, R. Wheeler, Sheffield, 
England: hedgehog — Central England 
(gift) 

Harbours and Marine, Depart- 
ment OF, Brisbane, Australia: 71 fishes 
— various localities (exchange) 

Harrison, Carter H., Jr., Chicago: 
8 fresh-water shells — Michigan (gift) 

Heinzelmann, Dr. Alfred, Piura, 
Peru: 3 rats — Peru (gift) 

Hentig, Roland von, Chicago: 11 
fishes — Indonesia (gift); 21 amphibians 
and reptiles — various localities (gift) 

Hoger, Richard B., Westmont, 
Illinois: 14 shore birds (skeletons) — 
Illinois (gift) 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
167 birds, 86 fishes, 685 amphibians 
and reptiles, 799 mammals, 5 lots of 
land shells, 119 insects (10 paratypes) 
 — Egypt and Turkey (gift) 

Janovsky, Richard, Lockport, Illi- 
nois: 4 birdskins — Korea (gift) 

Johnson, D. E., Provo, Utah: 11 
bromyliid flies — western United States 
(gift) 

Johnston, George T., Rye, New 
York: 390 fishes— New York (gift) 

JoLiET Township High School, 
Joliet, Illinois: James H. Ferris Collec- 
tion of shells (about 3,000 lots) — south- 
western states and other localities (ex- 
change) (see also Accessions, Depart- 
ment of Geology, "Transfers," page 96) 

Jones, Clark E., Miami, Florida: 
25 tree snails — Florida (gift) 



98 



Jones, Lois, South Bend, Indiana: 
734 insects and allies — Burma (gift) 

Kezer, Dr. James, Eugene Oregon: 
96 salamanders — Oregon (gift) 

King, Wilbur L., Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania: collection of fresh- water clams 
— Delaware River near Belvidere, New 
Jersey (gift) 

Klimstra, Dr. W. D., Carbondale, 
Illinois: dorsal spine of fish — Illinois 
(gift) 

Krauss, N. L. H., Honolulu: snake 
— Costa Rica (gift) 

Krutzsch, Dr. Philip H., Pitts- 
burgh: 12 bats — California (exchange) 

Kryitsis, Matron, Waukegan, Illi- 
nois: 12 fishes — Illinois (gift) 

Laird, Marshall, Suva, Fiji: 5 bats, 
66 amphibians and reptiles (11 lots of 
frog larvae) — various locations (gift) 

Leahy, George J., Chicago: 3 fishes, 
2 birds — locality unknown (gift) 

Lesage, Reverend Brother M., 
Achimota, Gold Coast: 77 amphibians 
and reptiles — Gold Coast (gift) 

Levi, Herbert W., Wausau, Wis- 
consin: lizard — Wisconsin (gift) 

Lichty, Dr. D. L., West Palm 
Beach, Florida: pit viper — Okinawa 
Island (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 5 
ticks — (gift) 

Lowe, Dr. Charles H., Jr., Tucson, 
Arizona: salamander (paratype) — Ari- 
zona (gift) 

Malaga, Dr. Aurelio, Mexico City, 
Mexico: 23 Trinidad bats — British 
West Indies (gift) 

Malkin, Borys, Seattle: 975 insects 
— United States, Alaska, and Mexico 
(exchange) 

McElhose, Mrs. Arthur L., Arling- 
ton Heights, Illinois: 4 worm-lizards — 
locality unknown (gift); 12,000 insects 
— North America (gift) 

Melchior, Mrs. Anne, Chicago: lot 
of land snails — Colorado (gift) 

Michigan, University of. Museum 
OF Zoology, Ann Arbor: 5 frogs — Bo- 
livia (exchange) 

Moore, Ian M., El Cajon, Cali- 
fornia: 2 paratypes of a beetle — Mexico 
(gift) 

Morris, Sidney Dealey, Highland 
Park, Illinois: birdskin — Illinois (gift) 

Museo Nacional de Historia Nat- 
ural, Santiago, Chile: 13 frogs — Chile 
(gift) 



Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 51 amphib- 
ians and reptiles (all but one are either 
cotypes or paratypes) — various lo- 
calities (exchange) 

National Museum, Manila: 30 bird- 
skins — Philippine Islands (gift) 

Neess, Charles D., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: turtle — Honduras (gift) 

Netterstrom, R., Ostersund, Swe- 
den: 3 birds — Sweden (exchange) 

North Borneo, Colony of, De- 
partment OF Agriculture, Sandakan: 
7 lots of fishes — North Borneo (gift) 

Northwestern University Den- 
tal School, Chicago: 49 amphibian, 
reptile, and mammal skulls (2 sets of 
elephant teeth) — various localities 
(gift) 

Old, William E., Jr., Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia : 2 lots of sea shells — Virginia (gift) 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, 
Illinois: collection of shells — world-wide 
(gift) 

Rabor, Dr. D. S., Dumaguete, 
Negros, Philippine Islands: 219 bird- 
skins — PhiUppine Islands (exchange) 

Radford, Dr. Charles D., Man- 
chester, England: 16 slides of parasitic 
mites (8 paratypes) — world-wide (gift) 

Raffles Museum and Library, 
Singapore: 3 snakes — Malay Peninsula 
(gift) 

Reid, Dr. George K., Jr., College 
Station, Texas: 7 fishes — Texas (gift) 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 
Illinois: 23 amphibians and reptiles — 
India (gift) 

Schubart, Dr. Otto, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: lot of fresh- water shells — Brazil 
(gift) 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeannb S., Scars- 
dale. New York: collection of sea shells 
— world-wide (gift); collection of land 
shells (about 40 paratypes, others repre- 
senting extinct subspecies) — Cuba 
(gift) 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Home- 
wood, Illinois: 44 insects (18 paratypes) 
— United States and Neotropics (gift); 
approximately 800 insects — United 
States, Neotropics, and Philippine Is- 
lands (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: collection of mol- 
lusks — Peru and San Salvador (ex- 
change) 



99 



Smith, Dr. Hobart M., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 snakes — Mexico and Panama 
(gift) 

Smith, Dr. Philip W., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 batskins and skulls — Illinois 
(exchange) 

Stannard, Lewis, Urbana, Illinois, 
and Dr. and Mrs. Clarence L. Good- 
night, Lafayette, Indiana: 28 beetles 
— Central America (gift) 

Stubel, Dr. Hans, Erlangen, Ger- 
many: Uraniid moth — Madagascar 
(gift) 

Sugerman, Bernard, Santurce, 
Puerto Rico: 100 insects — Philippine 
Islands (gift) 

SwANSON, Wendel B., Chicago: 
5 frogs, 6 turtles — Australia (gift) 

Thurow, Gordon, Bloomington, In- 
diana: 4 salamanders — Indiana (gift) 

Trapido, Dr. Harold, Panama: 
10 tadpoles, 24 bats — Panama (gift) 

Traub, Lieutenant Colonel 
Robert, Washington, D.C.: 30 fleas on 
slides (including 3 para types), 3 slides 
of chigger mites (including a paratype) 
— -United States, Mexico, Peru, and 
Borneo (gift) 



Tulane University of Louisiana, 
New Orleans: 2 frogs, 16 turtles — 
United States (exchange) 

Tweedie, M. W. F., Singapore: 
snake — Singapore Island (gift) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: col- 
lection of marine invertebrates, 1,344 
fishes — State of Mississippi, Gulf of 
Mexico, and Caribbean Sea (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 5,028 fishes, beetle, 
14 amphibians and reptiles — Marshall 
Islands, Pennsylvania, Siam, and Bor- 
neo (exchange) 

Walker, Thomas J., Jr., Columbus, 
Ohio: 123 beetles — Tennessee (ex- 
change) 

Watson, Mrs. J. P., Chicago: lower 
jaw of fish — Delaware (gift) 

Wermuth, Dr. Heinz, Berlin (U. S. 
Zone): snake — Mexico (exchange) 

Williams, Dr. Louis 0., Teguci- 
galpa, Honduras: lizard — Honduras 
(gift) 

Woods, Mr. and Mrs. Loren P., 
Homewood, Illinois: 17 lots of fishes — 
Illinois (gift) 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION-ACCESSIONS 



Eastman Kodak Company, Chicago: 
4 2x2 natural-color slides (duplicates) — 
purchase 



Strong, Dr. R. M., Chicago: 
standard black-and-white slides — gift 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY-ACCESSIONS 



Chicago NaturalHistory Museum : 

Made by Division of Photography: 

1,902 negatives, 20,245 prints, 1,696 



enlargements, 
kodachromes 



292 lantern slides, 169 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES-ACCESSIONS 



American Airlines, Incorporated, 
New York: "Flight Over the Arctic" 
(400 feet of black-and-white sound film) 
— permanent loan 

BucHEN, Walther, Wilmette, Illi- 
nois: "Marsh Birds of the Upper Nile" 
(Chicago Natural History Museum ex- 
pedition) (2,400 feet of color film)— gift 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

"Life Histories of the Cecropia and 
Polyphemus Moths" (200 feet of color 



film); "To a New 'Lost World' " (Mu- 
seum expedition) (550 feet of color film) 

Ideal Pictures, Incorporated, 
Chicago: "The Curious Coati" (250 
feet of color-sound film) — purchase 

Santa Fe Railway, Chicago: "Carls- 
bad Caverns" (375 feet of color-sound 
film), "El Navajo" (1,600 feet of color- 
sound film), "Grand Canyon" (625 feet 
of color-sound film) — indefinite loan 



100 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM-ACCESSIONS 
Donors (Institutions) 



Indiana University Library, 
Bloomington 

John Crerar Library, Chicago 



National Pest Control Association, 
New York 

United Fruit Company, Boston 



Donors (Individuals) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago 

d'Harnoncourt, Rene, Museum of 
Modern Art, New York 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago 
Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Hebrew University, 

Jerusalem, Israel 
Harvey, Byron, III, Chicago 
Harvey, Katherine, Santa Barbara, 

California 
Hertig, Bruce A., Dayton, Ohio 
Howell, B. F., Princeton University, 

Princeton, New Jersey 
Hunt, Mrs. Roy Arthur, Pittsburgh 



Mayer, Charles, Paris 
Meine, Franklin J., Chicago 

Peterson, H. R., Chicago 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 
Indiana 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 
Illinois 

Trier, Robert, Chicago 

Weed, Alfred C, Newport News, 

Virginia 
Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illinois 
Woodward, Carol, Macmillan 

Company, New York 



Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift; Exchange, or Purchase) 

BOOKS 

Animal kingdom, The, 3 v. (1954) 

Baikov, Nicolas, Les betes sauvages de la Mandchourie . . . (1939) 

Balfour, Isaac Bayley, Botany of Socotra, 2 v. (1888) (Royal Society of Edinburgh, 
Transactions, v. 31) 

Ballowitz, Emil, Die EntwicklungsQeschichte der Kreuzotter (Pelias herus Merr.) 
(1903) 

Baumann, Franz, Die freilebenden Sciugetiere der Schweiz (1949) 

Beck-Mannagetta, Giinther, Flora von Nieder-Oesterreich, 2 v. (1890-93) 

Blatter, Ethelbert, The flora of the Indus Delta (1929) 

Bodenheimer, Friedrich Simon, and Oskar Theodor, Ergebnisse der Sinai-Expe- 
dition 1927 der Hebrdischer Universitat Jerusalem (1929) 

Boule, Marcellin, and Jean Piveteau, Les fossiles (1935) 

Bourguignat, Jules Rene, Descriptions de diverse espsces de coelestele et de Paladilhia 
decouvertes en Espagne par le Dr. G. Servain (1880) 

, Etude sur les fossiles tertiares et quaternaires de la Vallee de la Cettins en 

Dalmatie (1880) 

, Histoire malacologique de la Colline de Sanson (1881) 

, Malacologie terrestre de Vile du Chateau d'lf (1860) 

, Mollusques de San-Julia de Loria (1863) 

, Monographic du nouveau genre franqais Moitessieria (1863) 

, Monographie du nouveau genre franqais Paladilhia (1865) 



101 



Burling, Judith, and Arthur Hart Burling, Chinese art (1953) 

Caspary, Robert, i.e., Johann Xaver Robert, Die Flora des Bernsteins und anderer 
fossiler Harze des ostpreussischen Tertidrs, bearb. von Richard Klebs (1907) 

Charlevoix, Pierre Frangois Xavier de, Histoire du Paraguay, 6 v. (1757) 

Clements, Frederic E., and Cornelius L. Shear, The genera of fungi (1954) 

Codazzi, Giovanni Battista Agostino, Resumen de la geografia de Venezuela (1941) 

Desfontaines, Rene Louiche, Tableau de I'Ecole de Botanique du Jardin du Roi, 
avec Supplement, 2nd ed. (1815) 

Disselhoff, H. D., Geschichte der altamerikanischen KuUuren (1953) 

Drapamaud, Jacques Phillippe Raimond, Tableau des mollusques terrestres et 

fluviatiles de la France (1801) 
Eberhard, Wolfram, Lokalkulturen in alien China, v. 1, 2 (1942) 

Engler, Adolf, ed., Monographien Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Famlien und Gattungen, 
8 V. (1898-1904) 

Fiori, Adriano, and Giulio Paoletti, Iconographia florae et Italicae, 3rd ed. (1933) 

Friese, Heinrich, Die europdischen Bienen (Apidae) (1922-23) 

Gatin, Charles Louis, Dictionnaire aide-memoire de botanique (1924) 

Germain, Louis, Les Helicidae de la faune frangaise (1929) 

Gliick, Hugo, Biologische und morphologische Untersuchungen iiber Wasser- und 
Sumpfgewdchse, 4 v. (1905-24) 

, Blatt- und blUtenmorphologische Studien (1919) 

Goldenberg, Friedrich, Flora saraepontana fossilis. Die pflanzenversteinerungen 
des Steinkohlengebirges von Saarbriicken (1855) 

Hasse, Johannes Carl Franz, Das natiirliche System der Elasnwbranchier, 2 pts. 
(1882, 1885) 

Herter, Konrad, Die Fischdressuren und ihre sinnesphysiologischen Grundlagen 
(1953) 

Heusden, Willem van. Ancient Chinese bronzes of the Shang and Chou dynasties 
(1942) 

Krok, Thorgny Ossian Bolivar Napoleon, Bibliotheca botanica suecana ab anti- 
quissimis temporibus ad finem ani mcmxvii (1925) 

Krumbiegel, Ingo, Der afrikanische Elefant (1943) 

Lilljeborg, Wilhelm, Systematisk ofversigt af de gnagande ddggdijuren, Glires (1866) 

Lindau, Gustav, and Paul Sydow, Thesaurus litteraturae mycologicae et lichenolo- 
gicae, 5 v. (1908-17) 

Loisel, Gustave Antoine Armand, Histoire des menagerie de Vantiquile a nos 
jours, 3 V. (1912) 

Maiden, Joseph Henry, The flowering plants and ferns of Neiv South Wales, 7 pts. 
(1895-98) 

Mann, Gustav, N at ur geschichte der reiszenden Thiere (1857) 

Marquina, Ignacio, Arquitectura prehispanica (1951) 

Philippi, Rudolph Amandus, Fauna molluscorum regni utriusque Siciliae, 2 v. 

in 1 (1836) (1844) 

Schmiedeknecht, Otto, Die Hymenopteren Mitteleuropas . . . (1907) 

Schultze, Leonard Sigmund, Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer 
Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralischen Siidafrika ausgefUhrt in den 
Jahren 1903-1905 . . . 5 v (1908-28) 

Sprecher von Bernegg, Andreas, Tropische und subtropische Weltvnrtschaftspflanzen, 
3 pts. in 5 V. (1929-36) 

Unger, Franz Joseph Andreas Nicolas, Synopsis plantarum fossilium (1845) 

Wesenberg-Lund, Carl, Biologie der Siisswasser-Insekten (1943) 

Zelebor, Johann, Sdugethiere (Novara-Expedition) (1868) 

102 



SERIALS 

Abeille; journal d'Entomologie (Societe Entomologique de France), Paris, v. 1-31 

(1864-1923) 
Acta arctica, K0benhavn, v. 1-5 — (1943-52 — ) 
Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift Iris, hrsg. vom Entomologischen Verein Iris 

zu Dresden, v. 2&-28, v. 33-36, v. 41, v. 43-45, v. 49-52 (1911-38) 
Entomologische Blatter, Zeitschrift fiir Biologie und Systematik der Kafer, Berlin, 

V. 13-17; V. 36-39; v. 41-46; v. 47, heft 1-3 (1917-21) (1939-43) (1941-51) 
Entomologisches Jahrbuch, Leipzig, v. 19, v. 37-45 (1910-36) 
Entomologist's record and journal of variation [Arbroath, etc.], v. 33-65 (1921-53) 
Field naturalist's quarterly, Edinburgh, v. 1-3 (1902-4) 

Le Frelon, Journal d'Entomologie descriptive. Tours, Chateauroux, v. 1-17 
(1891-1911) 

Koleopterologische Zeitschrift, Frankfurt-am-Main, v. 1 — (1949 — ) 
Lepidopterologische Rundschau, Wien, v. 1-2 (1927) 

Society for British Entomology. Transactions, Southampton, v. 1-5 (1934-37) 
Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Zoologie. Abt. B. Archiv fiir naturgeschichte; 
Zeitschrift fiir systematische Zoologie, Neue Folge, Leipzig, v. 1-12 (1932-44) 



103 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 



Ayer, Edward, E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* Deceased 



Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotha m, Harlow N . 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson^ 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.'' 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Beyer, Professor H. O. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 
Field, Marshall 



Field, Stanley 
Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 



Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



104 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P. Georges 



Humbert, Professor 
Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 



Keith, Professor Sir 

Arthur 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y 
Barbier, Joseph S.) 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold, E.* 

Coats, John* 
Cobum, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 

^Deceased 



Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell* 
Buchen, Walther 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H. 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 



$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 
China 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hay den B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Re veil, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 



105 



Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
SherflF, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Clybome, Harry Veam 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C. 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 

*Deceased 



CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 

Gerhard, William J. 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 



Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Ylin 
Lemer, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 



O'Dell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Clarence* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse Langdon 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 



Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Searle, John G. 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thome 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thome, Mrs. Louise E. 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P. 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell, L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadboume, Mrs. Emily 
Crane 



Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Gamett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fen ton, Howard W. 



Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 



106 



Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 



CORPORATE MEMBERS {continued) 
Pirie, John T., Jr. 



Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Searle, John G. 

Deceased, 1954 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 



Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vemay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, Lester 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Bumham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 



Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Femald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

InsuU, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 



Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A, 
Palmer, Honore 
Pick, Albert 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 



107 



Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 



Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Brewster, Walter S. 

Crossley, Lady 
Josephine 



LIFE MEMBERS {continued) 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 

Veatch, George li. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 

Deceased, 1954 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Lehmann, E. J. 



Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 



MacDowell, Charles H. 
Meyer, Carl 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 

Shirk, Joseph H. 

Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wieboldt, William A. 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 



Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 

Gregg, John Wyatt 



Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Moeller, George 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Deceased, 1954 
Stephens, W. C. 



Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Shirey, Dwight 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 



Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 



Adler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 



108 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Am, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 



Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, Mrs. John 
Bamett, Claude A. 
Bamhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 



Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Jospeh L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Mrs. John 

Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 



109 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Isadora 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
BufRington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 



Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Paul 

Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Jeannette 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Ceding, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 



Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. George W, 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 



110 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooley, Gordon A. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Creange, A. L. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Crooks, Harry D. 
Crowley, C. A. 
Crown, Robert 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 



Daughaday, C. Col ton 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles O. 
De Costa, Lewis M. 
de Dardel, Carl 0. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
De Vries, David 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Dickinson, 

William R., Jr. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dombusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 



Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel 0. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Erickson, James A. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 



Ill 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Everett, William S. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs B. J. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Howard 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin, B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Bumham M. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 



Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, William 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gemgross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 



Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gififord, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin 0. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 



Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M, 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heffeman, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 



Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Bertol 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Homer, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 



Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Mrs. 0. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjom 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, J. Morris 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Otis L. 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 



Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Mrs. Lillian F. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, William J. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 



114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson O. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kraflft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Laflin, Miss June 

Atchison 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 



Laflin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Laflin, Miss Mary 

Josephine 
Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langenbach, Mrs. AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhome, George 

Tayloe 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavezzorio, N. J. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Lea veil, James R. 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Tourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levi, Julian H. 



Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M, 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued} 



Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 



McArthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James R. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, David B. 
M cDougal , Mrs. James B . 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGum, Matthew S. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McM enemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 



Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milbum, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T., Jr. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Mintum, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulhern, Edward F. 



116 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Michael 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. * 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 



Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrislev B. 
Olin, Cari E. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Omdoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peari, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
PenDell, Charles W. 



Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perry, Mrs. L Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Pope, Herbert 
Pope, John W. 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Pray, Max 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 



117 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
RacheiT, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rassweiler, August 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ratner, Walter B. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Famsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Re Qua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 



Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 



Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
RublofiF, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 

Edgar P. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Ema 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 



118 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seavems, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Sidley, William P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 



Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Skarm, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, W. Lynwood 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 

Spooner, Charles W. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 



Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stem, Mrs. Alfred 
Stem, Alfred Whital 
Stem, David B. 
Stem, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

AlmaE. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 



119 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T . 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F . 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thombum, John N. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Tockstein, Miss 

Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin, A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Tread well, H. A. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 



Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Schaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
von Glahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 



Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington , Lauren ce W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watkins, George H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weber, Mrs. William S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 



120 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Whitnell, William W. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 



Wilson, H. B., Sr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. Jame«j H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. 

Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. Rollin D. 
Wood, William G. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Work, Robert 



Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 



Armbrust, John T. 

Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 

Gates, Dudley 

Clark, Miss Alice Keep 

Crane, Charles R., II 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dolese, Mrs. John 

Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Max 
Elting, Howard 

Flavin, Edwin F. 

Garnett, Joseph B. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 



Deceased, 1954 

Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Hurlbut, Miss 
Elizabeth J. 
Hurvitz, H. R. 

Johnson, Nels E. 

Kovac, Stefan 
Kramer, Leroy 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Le Moon, A. R. 

McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Moyer, E. J. T. 

Nollau, Miss Emma 

Oates, James F. 



Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Puckey, F. W. 

Regnery, William H. 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 
Morris S. 

Sargent, John R. W. 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Sclanders, Mrs. 

Alexander 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Steams, Mrs. Richard I. 
Steele, W. D. 

Trees, Merle J. 

Wheeler, Leo W. 

Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 



121 



NON'RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Lindboe, S. R. 



Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 



Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Austin, Edwin C. 

Baldwin, Rosecrans 
Berwanger, Jay 
Bingham, Carl G. 

Duclos, George A. 

Farley, Preston 

Hume, Patrick H. 
Hunt, Jarvis 

Jacobson, A. J. 



Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Kraus, William C. 

Lewellen, John B. 

Minas, Karl K. 
Morgan, John Alden 

Ott, John Nash, Jr. 

Plunkett, Paul M. 
Prall, Bert R. 

Deceased, 1954 
Mabson, Miss Eugenie A. 



Ross, Earl 

Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Sheridan, Jay 
Sorensen, T. R. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 

Van Koert, Lewis L 

Wilson, D. H. 
Winslow, Seth L. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Adams, Mrs. Carleton B. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adler, David 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Ahern, Edwin W. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Albiez, George 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Dr. C. E. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Hubert E. 
Allen, Joseph M. 



Allison, Anthony G. 
AUyn, Arthur C. 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Alter, James 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Andreas, Osborn 
Andresen, Raymond H. 
Anger, Frank G. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Anson, Dr. B. J. 



Appel, Dr. David M. 
Archer, Ralph C. 
Armstrong, Victor C. 
Armstrong, William A. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Warren 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avery, Robert N. 



122 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Bachman, E. E. 
Backman, C. E. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baechle, Carl 
Bear, Arthur A. 
Bahr, Carl W. 
Bailey, A. C. 
Bailey, George E. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Ball, Mrs. Olive W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 
Balsam, Herman 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, 0. H. 
Barancik, Maurice A. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, H. B. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barlow, John T. 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, William A. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, C. W. 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Miss Lucy F. 
Bass, Charles 
Bast, O. D. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bauer, Eugene C. 
Bauer, Dr. Mortimer B. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 



Bavelaar, William D. 
Bavirsha, Frank G. 
Baxt, David B. 
Baxter, George R. 
Baxter, James P. 
Baxter, John H. 
Baxter, Mark L. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beatty, Gilbert A. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Max 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers, Zenas H. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beigel, Herbert A. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Bell, Charles M. 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Beman, Lynn W. 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bennigsen, Ray C. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Berens, Edward P. 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Bernsohn, A. W. 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, Mrs. Eugene T. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessy, William 
Beven, T. D. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bidwill, Arthur J. 
Biedermann, Leo F. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 



Bindenagel, Wilbur E. 
Binder, Miss Kay 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Birndorf, B. A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blake, Arthur T. 
Blakesley, Mrs. Lucille T, 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blatchford, Edward W. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, Frank W. 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Boal, Thomas 
Boatwright, Lester H. 
Bobus, Charles E. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bohrer, Goerge 0. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Boland, Ray H. 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bonfig, Henry C. 
Borinstein, Marcus E. 
Borland, Mrs. 

Herbert A. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bower, D. Robert 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 



123 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 
Bradshaw, Robert Y. 
Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Leslie A. 
Brandt, Richard C. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Braun, James B. 
Brazee, J. L. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Bredberg, Harold L. 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brent, John F. 
Brewer, Mrs. C. O. 
Brewer, George E. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briese, Carl J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bronner, Max E. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Brosseit, George E. 
Brown, Adelbert 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, Garfield W. 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Bruce, A. D. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bruns, Herman H. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Bryant, Fred 
Brye, Edvin 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buckels, Charles K. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Buckley, Homer J. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buik, George C. 
Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 



Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burd, James E. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burke, James E. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burrell, D. H., Ill 
Burrell, Mrs. Stanley M. 
Burroughs, John L. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Butz, Herbert K. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Mrs. Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cad well, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, O. E. 
Cahill, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Caldwell, Jonathan Q. 
Callan, T. J. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Mrs. C. C. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Carson, Frederick R. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 



Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cella, John L. 
Cermak, Mrs. Gertrude 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chambless, E. F. 
Chandik, Theodore 
Chaplicki, Edward J. 
Chapman, Charles J. 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, Dr. Albert J. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chester, W. T. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, William C. 
Choate, Mrs. D. H., Jr. 
Chrisman, Roswell H. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christian, John F. 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Church, Freeman S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Harry A. 
Clark, Herbert B. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Kenneth L. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, H. G. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Cleaver, J. B. 
Cleaver, Mrs. 

Russell G. 
Clements, G. L. 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, O. W. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Coates, John M. 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coffin, T. R. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cogswell, G. E. 



124 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, David 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, I. Milton 
Colbert, Charles A. 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Collier, Mrs. 

Corina Melder 
Collier, J. J. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colmes, Walter 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle, M., Jr. 
Compere, Newton L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conedera, Henry 
Congdon, Dr. Charles B. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Conrad, Mrs. Florence 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Harry L. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Sherman R. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooke, William H. 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corbett, Dr. Mitchell S. 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coubeau, A. Frank 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coutandin, Hugo 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crabtree, Samuel A. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Grain, G. D., Jr. 



Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, W. F. 
Craycraft, Mrs. Douglas 
Cremer, Carl 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crisp, Marion Cole 
Cross, Robert C. 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Cross, W. D., Jr. 
Crowell, G. Kenneth 
Growl, Arnold C. 
Crown, Mrs. Mary 
Crowson, George M. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Gumming, Bruce 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Thomas N. 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Gump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Curtis, Glenn R. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cuthbert, Miss 

Florence W. 
Cutter, Charles F, 

Dahlin, Carl A. 
Dallwig, P. G. 
Daly, James J. 
Darby, John H. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Darling, Dr. Duane D. 
Darling, Walter L. 
Darrow, William W. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, J. Philip 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 



Dean, John S. 

Dechert, Curt H. 

De Costa, H. J. 

Dedmon, R. Emmett 

Dee, P. J. 

Deknatel,FrederickH.,II 

De Larye, Dr. William L. 

De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 

De Long, J. I. 

Delp, Larry 

Demos, Peter T. 

De Motte, R. J. 

De Parcq, William H. 

De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, William S. 
Dess, William 
De Tolve, Anthony J. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
Dewey, Alexander 
De Witt, Clyde F. 
De Witt, Dennis 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton O. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dixon, Lyman W. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dobkin, L 
Doctoroflf, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Dolan, Tom 
Dole, John L. 
Domville, Mrs. 

Millington 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dooley, Dr. Robert D. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dose, Raymond W. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dow, James M. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, William B. 
Drachman, Byron C. 
Draffkorn, A. T. 
Dragisic, John 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drechsler, W. L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 



125 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Driscoll, Robert 
Drummond, John M. 
Dry, Carl 
Dry, Meyer 
Dubin, Joseph 
DufTy, John I. 
Duggan, Charles F. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Dunwody, A. B. 
Durham, F. J. 
Duty, J. E. 

Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earle, Howard Granger 
Earlandson, Ralph O. 
Early, Preston H. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Mylrea 
Ebzery, Mrs. Angela 
Echt, Bernard 
Eck, Donald R. 
Eckert, Fred W. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eger, Edmond I. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehrlich, Arthur A. 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 
Eiberg, Miss Alice 
Eiberg, Miss Olga 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elf ring, George E. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, F. F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Franklin Courtney 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emery, De Witt 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V. 
English, Harold 



English, William L. 
Engstrom, L. E. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Euston, J. Howard 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everote, Warren 
Evers, John W., Jr. 
Eyler, E. T. 

Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Kellogg 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farrell, Dr. Leonard F. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fasnacht, Rev. 

Walter L. 
Faulhaber, John M. 
Feely, Thomas P. 
Feinberg, Louis 
Feinberg, Stanley K. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, H. Folger 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Felsenthal, H. J. 
Fenemore, Miss 

Elisabeth 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, Calvin, Jr. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Ferrall, James P. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Feye, Mrs. Grant 

Richard 
Fiduccia, C. B. 
Field, Mrs. James A. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Meyer 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finkl, Alfred F. 



Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Mrs. Charles 

William 
Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Nathan 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, R. W. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Flanagan, Dr. James B. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleming, E. I. 
Flerlage, W. M. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Flynn, Mrs. A. D. 
Flynn, Edgar A. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Forrest, Nelson 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Foulks, William 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Frank, Albert 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Charles G. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Franklin, Ben L. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freberg, Dr. Carl R. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Freeman, C. R. 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. L H. 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Dr. Eric 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frisk, Frank O. 
Frosh, Louis E. 
Frye, W. P. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
PHiller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Furtwangler, A. C. 
Futterer, CO. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Edward S. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, M. J. 

Gallagher, Miss Alice H. 
Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Gallery, Mrs. Daniel J. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Garlington, William M. 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaylord, Mrs. Sol H. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. 

Evelyn M. 
Gee, James W. 
Gellman, Allen B. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genther, Charles B. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W, 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Getz, Oscar 
Gianaras, Alec K. 
Gibbs, A. E. 



Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Gidwitz, Willard 
GiflFord, Harry N., Jr. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Gilroy, John F. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaman, Miss 

Johanna C. 
Glaser, Leon S. 
Glassner, James J. 
Glattfeld, Professor 

John W. E. 
Gleave, Winston 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glore, Hixon 
Glover, Chester L. 
Gluck, Gerson I. 
Godfrey, Thomas J. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goetz, Carl L. 
Golber, David 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goldstandt, Milton A. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Good, Dr. Palmer W. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goode, Dr. Ralph C. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodman, Benjamin E. 
Goodrich, Miss Alice 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Milton 
Gordon, Norman 



Gore, Samuel 
Gorman, R. A. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Gossman, James L. 
Goth, Joseph 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grace, Donald F. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graff, Earl H. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Graffis, William 
Graham, David 
Grannan, Emmet 
Grant, Gordon B. 
Grant, Joseph S. 
Grant, Louis Z. 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 

Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F, 
Greenwald, Herbert S. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, James J. 
Greiner, Otto 
Griffin, Franklin T. 
Griffin, Mrs. 

James A., Jr. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H, 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grogel, Merrill A. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grombach, Alfred O. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grosboll, James 
Grow, Brimson 
Gruendel, George H. 
Grunlee, Sigwald, C. 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gumbrell, Gregory 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haag, Miss Janet 
Haake, Frederick J. 
Hackett, Thad 
Haddow, William 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Hajduk, Dr. John M. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hale, T. B. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Ehza P. 
Hall, Mrs. Evelyn F. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Marchand B. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Franklin 
Halle, Mrs. Virginia C. 
Halligan, Robert F. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammurabi, F. H. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Hanna, John C. 
Hanna, Ralph A. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, Frank W. 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Hart, E. Edgerton 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, James A. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Harvey, Bennet B. 
Harvey, Daggett 



Harvey, James D. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Haskins, Robert E. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassell, Warren S. 
Hatfield, John N. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hathaway, Mrs. 

Carter H. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Haugen, Bernhart 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Haven, T. J., Jr. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Hayes, William E. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynes, L. S. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Hazen, Theodore D. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heaney, Mrs. Floy 
Hearst, Joseph 
Heath, George A. 
Heath, Robert L. 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heddens, John W. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard H. 
Hehnke, John 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helgason, Arni 
Hemmen, Melvern M. 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Hendricks, Gerald E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, Don 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herren, Wilson T. 
Herring, H. B. 
Hertz, J. H. 
Herzog, Milan 



Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heuser, Arthur W. 
Hibben, Jospeh W. 
Hickey, Matthew J., Jr. 
Higgins, Miss Margaret 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hild, Fred C. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hillier, William H. 
Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hindman, Arthur S. 
Hindmarch, Alan 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hines, Dr. Laurence E. 
Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 
Hinman, Sherwood V. 
Hinshaw, Joseph H. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirschfeld, Carl 
Hirsh, Herbert W. 
Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitchings, LeRoy K. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Charles H. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hobscheid, Fred J. 
Hochberg, Dr. Paul 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hochschulz, Alfred 
Hoddinott, B. J. 
Hodges, F. Robert 
Hoehler, Fred K. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Arthur M. 
Holland, Cyrus E. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Morris Z. 
Hollander, Jack 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Holmes, John B. 
Homan, Joseph 
Hooper, A. F. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hoover, James C. 
Hope, E. N. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hopper, B. E. 
Horn, Dr. Bernard 
Horn, L. H. 
Hornburg, Arthur C. 
Home, Miss Helen D. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Hossack, Arthur L. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 
Hough, Charles F. 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
Houlihan, Raymond F. 
Houser, T. V. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howe, Jonathan T. 
Howe, William J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Andrew V. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, Lathrop W. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 
Hutchinson, John H. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hynes, D. P. 

Iker, Charles 
Indelli, WilHam A. 
Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
IngersoU, Roy C. 
Into, Mrs. A. Norman 
Irwin, A. J. 



Isaacs, Roger D. 
Isaacs, T. J. 
Isaacson, Herbert 
Isacson, Gust W. 
Ischinger, Dr. Arthur M. 
Isett, G. Richard 
Iversen, Lee 
Ives, George R. 
Ives, R. 0. 
Ivry, Lester 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jackson, M. G. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
James, Allen M. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Javaras, Mrs. Anastasia 
Javid, Dr. Hushang 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, David S. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jepsen, Miss Sara 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jewell, S. L. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
John, Rex K., Jr. 
Johnson, A. William 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Bert 
Johnson, Miss 
Donna Lee 
Johnson, Earl 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Edward F. 
Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, N. Howard 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnstone, E. F., Jr. 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, George W. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Robert 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Juckniess, R. A. 
Judd, William E. 



Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Juzwick, E. A. 

Kahler, William V. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Miss Minnie B. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kalwajtys, R. S. 
Kamin, William C. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Karnes, William G. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Kaufman, Mrs. 

Frances J. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Keane, George M. 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keating, Thomas J. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Keim, Melville 
Keister, G. E. 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kelce, T. L. 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Paul J. 
Keller, Sidney M. 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Mrs. Edward J. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, J. H. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy, Taylor L. 
Kent, Robert H. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Kerr, William D. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kimball, Charles H. G 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kincaid, Dr. Clement J. 
King, Dr. A. Charles 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, H. R. 
King, John D. 
King, Miss Louise A. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, Willard L. 
King, WiUiam H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kipnis, Samuel W. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirchheimer, Thomas 
Kirkland, William S. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Mrs. 

Philip M. 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, Howard 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, O. N. 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolflat, Alf 

Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kolter, Dr. B. C. 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 



Kovalick, W. W. 
Kovnat, Bernard 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Elmer 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Kresge, M. L. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kristof, James H. 
Krtichevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Dr. Henry E. 
Kritzer, Richard W. 
Kroll, Harry 
Kropp, Raymond 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupnick, Samson 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuhn, Mrs. Joseph 
Kuhnen, C. W. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
Kurtz, William 0., Jr. 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 
Kuta, A. E. 
Kutchins, Edmund 

Lachman, Harold 
Lager holm, 

Ferdinand W. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Miss Jane 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambe, Claude M., Jr. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lance, O. C. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Lang, Gordon 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langer, Joseph S. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lansman, H. A. 
Laramore, Florian E. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
La Salle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Laterza, Michael F. 



Latham, Paul L. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Latta, Dr. Philip R. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lavedan, Pierre F. 
Lavezzorio, John M, 
Law, M. A. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, William H. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Louis 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Lederer, Irving G. 
Lederer, Joseph M. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Edward N. 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, Joseph R. 
Lee, Dr. Robert E. 
Leeb, Mrs. H. A. 
Leeds, David L. 
Leffler, F. O. 
Lehman, John L. 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leighton, Alexander 
Leighton, George N. 
Leindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Lentine, James 
Lesch, Mrs. Isabel 

Catharine 
Lesch, John F, 
Leslie, Orrin S. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Levy, Albert H. 
Lewendowski, 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Ellis R. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lloyd 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Lill, George, II 
Limarzi, Dr. Louis R. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindley, Walter C, Jr. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linn, Howard 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Lissner, Herbert H. 
List, Stuart 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litten, Chapin 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lock, Gilbert L. 
Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lockwood, Lawrence A. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Sidney, 
Logelin, Edward C. 
Long, H. Dale 
Long, R. E. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah O. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Lozar, Rajko 
Lubig, Max — 

Ludgin, Earle 
Ludlow, Mrs. 

Frederick Orr 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Luftig, Victor M. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luotto, Stefano 
Lurie, George S. 
Lurie, Max 
Lurie, S. C. 
Luse, Mrs. D. Claude 



Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, M. F. 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacChesney, Chester M. 
MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macholz, Rev. Ignatius 
Mack, John J. 
Mackaye, M. R. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Madden, John 
Maddock, Thomas E. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magee, M. L. 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Mahan, Robert B. 
Mahler, I. H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Majka, F. L. 
Major, Frank A. 
Major, Ross O. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Malcolmson, R. F. 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. 0. 
Maloney, David B. 
Mann, Dr. Charles 

Milton 
Mann, Earle A. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul b. V. 
Manno, Vincent P. 
Mantout, Mrs. Bernard 
Mara, Walter T. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margeson, Mrs. 

James P., Jr. 
Marion, Stanley W. 
Marker, Van E. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 



Marks, Frank 0. 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marley, John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Donald B. 
Martin, Eldon 
Martins, P. A. 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Mason, Arnold D. K. 
Mason, J. A. 
Mast, Leland J. 
Mastri, Dr. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, M. M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathias, Paul E. 
Mathieu, Augusta 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, H. M. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Matz, Edward D. 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, Robert E. 
May, Sol 
Mayer, Frederick 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Maynard, John G. 
McArthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McAuliffe, J. D. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCall, Dr. I. R. 
McCallister, James 

Maurice 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McClung, Richard 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McConnell, Thomas C. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, E. R. 



131 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDevitt, Miss A. 

Bernys 
McDevitt, J. Dunlap 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGaffigan, Paul K. 
McGuineas, William A. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaren, Richard W. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLean, Dr. Helen 

Vincent 
McMahon, Daniel P. 
McManus, J. L. 
McNabb, Mrs. J. H. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, B. F. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McPheron, Eugene R. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McVey, Dr. Emerson K. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meidell, Harold 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 



Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mentzer, John P. 
Mercer, C. W. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merrick, Richard L. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, Miss Henriette 
Metcoff, Eli 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michalko, Edward 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arden E. 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Earl A. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. 

William W. 
Milliken, J. H. 
Milliken, John F. 
Mills, Walter B. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mirabella, Mrs. S. F. 
Mitchell, Harry G. 
Mitchell, Maurice B. 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Moll, Edwin 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Montgomery, A. E. 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mont Pas, W. F. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 



Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moore, W. P. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Mooth, Peter 
Moran, Dr. Edward L. 
Moran, James 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, Russell W. 
Morgan, Samuel 
Mork, P. R. 
Morris, Michael 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Moss, Harry 
Moss, Jerry 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Mozeris, Joseph M. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, Hans 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullaney, Roger 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullen, Dr. Joseph J. 
Mullenix, Robert W. 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Mulligan, Joseph B. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munson, Lyle W. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myer, Dr. Ernest 

Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Nash, Gordon B. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Joseph 
Nathan, Kenneth S. 
Natkin, Sidney J. 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
NeflF, Ward A. 



132 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Nell, Edward J. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
NemeroflF, Maurice 
Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newburg, C. Frank 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, C. G. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dr. F. M. 
Nickel, Walter J. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nielsen, George 
Nielsen, Marc T. 
Nikopoulos, George A. 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Norberg, Stanley R. 
Nord, Henry J. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
Norris, Ross A. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Charles E. 
Norton, Michael J. 
Nugent, Dr. Oscar B. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Gates, James F., Jr. 
Oberfelder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, L. R. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, Martin T. 
O'Brien, Vincent 
O'Brien, Wilbur J. 
O'Brien, William L. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, John B. 
O'Connor, John J. 
Oechslin, Ernest, Jr. 
Offield, Wrigley 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 



Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Ollendorff, Klaus 
Olmsted, C. H. 
Olsen, Clarence 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Malley, Patrick L. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Opie, Earle F. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
O'SulIivan, James J. 
O'Toole, Bartholomew 
O'Toole, Donald 
O'Toole, John J. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Otto, Walter C. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 

Pace, Anderson 
Pacer, T. S. 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Parent, Warren K. 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Paschal, John William 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, W. A. 
Pattis, S. William 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, Albert W. 
Paul, L. O. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payes, William J., Jr. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Stuyvesant 
Peacher, Mrs. D. J. 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Peake, F. R. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 



Pederson, Alfred S. 
Pellow, Ralph 
Pelnar, L. T. 
Pelz, William W. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Pergo, Nicholas 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Perry, W. A. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard W. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Peters, Russell L. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Petersen, Niels 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, Harold E. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Pettengell, James T. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pfister, Mrs. C. Eugene 
Pflager, Charies W. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipsborn, M. M., Jr. 
Phillips, Miss Irna 
Richer, William S. 
Pick, O. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
Piper, C. A. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Podesta, Robert A. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Poggenpohl, Andrew 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Polyak, Dr. Stephen 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 



133 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, J. W. 
Pope, Sidney T. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Morse 
Powers, Carl J. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Prince, Kenneth C. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pringle, Don 
Prior, Frank 0. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Pulham, Herbert J. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purdy, William G. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Marge 
Radovich, Miss Bessie 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rattner, Dr. Herbert 
Raubitschek, Dr. 

Howard A. 
Rawleigh, James N. 



Ray, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Ray, King Peter 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Rector, William H. 
Redding, George H. 
Reed, Ernest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Philip G. 
Rees, Lester G. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeves, George C. 
Reeves, H. Edward 
Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Katherine 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renken, Miss Martha 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Resch, Mrs. Robert P. 
Ressler, Harold B. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reum, Walter J. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Keith 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Oron E. 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, E. R. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Rinder, Dr. Carl 0. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ring, Kenneth C. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Rizner, Homer R. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 



Robb, Richard P. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Robertson, Theodore B. 
Roche, Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Roderick, Mrs. 

Howard F. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roe, Frederick 
Roebuck, A. S. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Donald D. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Milton P. 
Rogers, Miss Suzanne 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Roman, B. F. 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenberg, Dr. David H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosen wald, Mrs. Milly M . 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Edward J. 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rothschild, Martin 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubinson, Adolph A. 
Ruby, Norman 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 



134 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Runnells, John S. 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ryser, Frank 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sack, Don 
Sackett, DeForest 
Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Saffir, M. A. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salomon, Ira 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salzman, Philip H. 
Sample, Joseph S. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Julius 
Samuels, Richard L. 
Samuels, S. J. 
Samuelson, George 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sanfilippo, John J. 
San Filippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard G. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Sasser, F. H. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, R. S. 
Savage, Stanley 
Sawyer, E. D. 
Sawyer, John H. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffer, T. H. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schelter, Charles H. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schiff, Max 



Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, Erich F. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, Miss Gertrude 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoettler, F. Girard 
Schomp, Arthur H. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaman, H. Gilbert 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Sears, Harry M. 
Searson, R. F. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seeley, Robert M. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 



Sembower, John F. 
Semrad, Joseph B. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sergant, Gordon E. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Seyfarth, H. E. 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Dr. S. J. 
Shanner, Charles T. 
Shannon, Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Sharp, Carl J. 
Sharpe, Dr. Kenneth P. 
Shaver, Robert D. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, John W. 
Shaw, Lee C. 
Sheaff, Dr. Howard M. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Shedden, Mrs. John 
Sheehan, Thomas J. 
Sheekman, Harvey Z. 
Sheldon, Leo C. 
Sheldon, Walter M., Jr. 
Shere, Lewis 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shilton, Earle A. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shriver, Millard D. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Shylin, Robert E. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Silverstein, Milton 
Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, James R. 
Simmons, Nicholas L. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, John J. 
Simonson, Burton E. 



135 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Sims, Frank S. 
Sims, Paul K. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, William A. 
Siniarski, T. A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. 0. P. 
Sipple, Robert G. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Sivyer, Warner 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Slavik, W. M. 
Slifka, George C. 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. LeRoy H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Charles Lambert 
Smith, Dean C. 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, Edward R. 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Dr. Louis D. 
Smith, Miss Mary 

Frances 
Smith, Monroe A. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Bernard 
Snyder, Bernard A. 
Snyder, Richard E. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Robert 
Somerville, Mrs. 

William 
Sommer, Albert A. 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spatta, George 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Spector, Mrs. Ann 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Speer, Stanton H. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 

136 



Spitz, Milton J. 
Spitzer, Mrs. Sherman T. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Springsguth, Robert C. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stahl, John 
Stair, H. Bowen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. L 
Stange, Howard W. 
Stanley, Donald 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Stark, W. J. 
Starr, Harry 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stauffacher, E. L. 
Staunton. E. C. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Stebler, W. J. 
Steding, Richard P. 
Steele, A. L. 
Steele, A. Thomas 
Steen, Enoch 
Steffen, Charles 
SteflFey, D. Earl 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Frederick 
Stein, Karl E. 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stekly, Harold 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Steven, Ian 

Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stiegel, S. James 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stind, C. J. 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stivers, Clifford L. 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoffels, Edgar O. 
Stofft, Edmond B. 
Stoker, Mrs. John E. 
Stolz, Leon 



Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Stonehouse, Elmer H. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Oliver W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stout, Harold H. 
Stover, Frank C. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stratford, Herbert R. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strode, Miss Marie 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stuckslayer, Walter N. 
Stuebner, Edwin A. 
Stults, Allen P. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sullivan, Frank W. 
Sullivan, J. E. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Summers, W. L. 
Sustman, R. S. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svensson, Olof 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swett, Israel 
Swett, Warren C. 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Miss Maria P. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tanzi, Mario 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarr, Lester W. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Edward L. 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Temple, John 
Templeman, J. P. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Teter, Park 

Thacker, Francis Edgar 
Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Theis, Dr. Frank V. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Mrs. F. 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, K. I. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thome, Frank H. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Tiberius, George 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Tipple, F. A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Tonn, George 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torff, Selwyn H. 
Towle, Joseph W. 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Traynor, William 

Knowlton 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tregenza, A. E. 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 



Trumbull, William M. 
Tucker, Albert B. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turney, Russell J. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ullmann, William E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urbain, Jules, Jr. 
Urbain, Leon F. 
Urban, Andrew 
Urban, Dr. H. J. 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Urick, Delbert N. 
Urnes, Dr. M. P. 

Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vance, Charles C. 
Vance, S. M. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, Nicholas J. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Van Deventer , William E . 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Hagen, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Nice, Errett 
Van Santen, James 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Vaughn, Norman 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Vernon, Dr. Leroy N. 
Vette, J. L. 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogt, Earle E. 
Voltz, D. H. 
Von Gehr, George 
Von Ohlen, Floyd E. 
Voris, Dr. Harold C. 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wadler, Miss Maxine 



Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Herman L. 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldman, S. C. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred 0. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Mrs. India A. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warner, William H. 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watling, John 
Watson, John A. 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Weaver, John M. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weidler, Donald A. 
Weigandt, Sebastian 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinreich, C. F. 



137 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Weinress, S. J. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Weitzel, Mrs. Tony 
Welch, William E. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wells, Sidney 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wesby, Vernon L. 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, James D. 
West, Richard H. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wetten, Walton 
Weymouth, Ralph E. 
Whalen, William J. 
Whall, Arthur L. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whipple, Miss 

Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Marshall 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whitmore, Lyle S. 
Whitney, Mrs. Charles R. 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Whitsell, Dr. F. M. 
Whittaker, Robert B. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Lucille 
Wicks, Dr. Mark 
Wicks, Russell M. 



Wieland, John 
Wilber, Allen S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wilhite, James A. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Frederick C. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williams, Robert G. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willott, Mrs. Adele 
Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilmas, W. F. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wiltsee, Herbert 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick 0. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winston, Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wisner, C. V., Jr. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. 

Emilia 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Edwin M. 
Wood, Truman 
Wood, William A. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woodson, William T. 



Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolman, John S. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 

Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, Gar W. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yates, Schuyler 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yehnert, Wallace E. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zelinko, George J. 
Zelinsky, Mrs. S. F. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipse, Edwin W. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Elmer K. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W. R. 



Balfanz, Henry W. 
Blumenthal, Barre 

Chandler, Dr. 
Fremont A. 
Citterman, Solomon 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 

Davis, Charles S. 
Douglass, Dr. Thomas C. 

Essley, E. Porter 

Fenyes, Dr. George 



Deceased, 1954 
Ferguson, J. F. 

Glade, George H., Jr. 
Goder, Joseph 
Gutstadt, Richard E. 

Haeger, E. H. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Harrington, J. E. 
Harshaw, Myron 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Homan, Max 
Huxley, Henry M. 

Johnson, Julius 



Kidston, Ross H. 
King, J. Andrews 

Langert, A. M. 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 

Nelson, Earl W. 
Norton, G. A. 

Oppenheimer, Dr. Leo 

Philipp, Mrs. 

Florence M. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 



138 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Rice, W. W. Suter, Walter Paul Throop, Mrs. George Enos 

Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. Uttich, A. J. 

Thompson, Dr. 
Stolle, Arthur E. Willard O. Wickman, C. E. 



139 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 
[Seal] Secretary of State. 



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

140 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ~| 

> ss. 
Cook County j 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



141 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER, 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

142 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 
honorary trustees 
Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

143 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any oflice may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 

the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

144 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 
committees 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Execuitve Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

145 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-ofiicio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 
nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, pro\nded the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

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