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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

XI B RAR.Y 

OF THE 

U N I VER.SITY 

or ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 
1949-55 



CENTRAL CIRCULATION BOOKSTACKS 

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Theftv motllotton, and «nd.rll«l„9 .f book, », r..,o«. 

TO RENEW CAU TELEPHONE CENTEX, 333-8400 
UNIYEEillT Of lUINOU IfBEAEY AT UMANA-tHAJ^tir.K. 



MAY 1 "i 1395 
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previous due date. L2^2 



F45 
I ©55 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 



1955 



Chicago Natural History Museum 




STANLEY FIELD 



Fifty Years of Service to the Museum 

Member of the Board of Trustees since January 1906 

President of the Museum since January 1909 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 



Report of the Director 



to thi 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1955 




CHICAGO; ILLINOIS 
1956 



JUL 10 19&6 

UWMMmOFlUINOIS 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 



son 



Contents 



PAGE 

Board of Trustees, 1955 11 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 12 

Former Officers 13 

List of Staff, 1955 14 

Report of the Director 21 

Membership 24 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 26 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 28 

Department of Anthropology 36 

Department of Botany 43 

Department of Geology 50 

Department of Zoology 57 

Library 66 

Motion Pictures 70 

Photography and Illustration 70 

Public Relations 71 

Publications and Printing 74 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 90 

Financial Statements 93 

Attendance and Door Receipts 95 

Accessions, 1955 97 

Members of the Museum 108 

Benefactors 108 

Honorary Members 108 

Patrons 108 

Corresponding Members 109 

Contributors 109 

Corporate Members 110 

Life Members Ill 

Non-Resident Life Members 112 

Associate Members 112 

Non-Resident Associate Members 125 

Sustaining Members 126 

Annual Members 126 

Articles of Incorporation 145 

Amended By-Laws 147 



Illustrations 



PAGE 

Stanley Field, President frontispiece 

Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

"The Landing of the Explorers" 20 

School Exhibit 27 

Museum Traveler 29 

Presentation of "Anniversary Volume" 33 

Pit-house Village 37 

Anasazi Ceremonies 40 

Chimantd Massif 45 

Seeds 48 

Land Elevations and Ocean Depths 51 

Volcanic Region 53 

Dinosaur Exhibit, in Preparation 56 

Checking New Fishes 59 

Knirsch-Brancsik Collection 61 

Lizards 64 

Flowering Plant 69 

Poison Ivy 72 

Poison Sumac 73 

New Species of Thrush 77 

Art Exhibit 79 

Science Fair 83 

Flycatchers 88 

Hall G 91 




SOUTH ENTRANCE, FOURTEENTH BOULEVARD 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

FORMERLY FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 

ROOSEVELT ROAD AND LAKE SHORE DRIVE 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES, 1955 

OFFICERS Stanley Field, President 

Marshall Field, First Vice-President 
HuGHSTON M. McBain, Second Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



board of 
trustees 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L, Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 



Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
John P. Wilson 



COMMITTEES Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 

Field, Wm. McCormick Blair, Hughston M. McBain, 
Marshall Field, John P. Wilson, Henry P. Isham, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, John P. Wilson, Walter J. 
Cummings, Walther Buchen, Henry P. Isham, Wm. 
McCormick Blair, John G. Searle 

Building — Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B, Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Hughston M. McBain, Sewell L. Avery, John 
G. Searle, John T. Pirie, Jr. 



11 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Alois,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Boardman Conover,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 
1921-1931 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 
1918-1921 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 



Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 



* deceased 



12 



Former Officers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1S53 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1954 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr. 1946-1953 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. SIMMS* 1928-1937 



* deceased 



13 



LIST OF STAFF, 1955 



Clifford C. GREGfi, Sc.IX, Director 

John R. Millar, peputy Director 

E. Leland Webbeir, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Executive Assistant 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.Dy, Chief Curator 

Donald Collier, Ph.D\ Curator, South American Archaeology and Ethnology 

George I. Quimby, A. MA Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

John B. Rinaldo, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Elaine Bluhm, M.S., Assistant, Archaeology 

M. Kenneth Starr, M.A.,\Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., THomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology 

Roger T. Grange, M.A., Assistant, Anthropology* 

Whitney Halbtead, B.F.A. Assistant, Anthropology* 

Allen S. Liss, A.B., Assistait, Anthropology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Diorarnist 

GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist / 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Kestorerf 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Agnes H. McNary, B.A/ Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 
Fay-Cooper Cole, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 
Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 
A. L. Kroeber, Ph.D., Research Associate, American Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Dipl.Anth.Camb., Research Associate, Central American 
Archaeology 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Theodor Just, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, D.M.D., Curator Emeritus 

Julian A. Steyermark, Ph.D., Curator, Phanerogamic Herbarium 

Paul C. Standley, M.S., Curator Emeritus, Phanerogamic Herbariumt 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Francis Drouet, Ph.D., Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

John W. Thieret, Ph.D., Curator, Economic Botany. 

J. S. Daston, Sc.D., Assistant, Botany 

* resigned 
t deceased 
% retired 

14 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY (continued) 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Edith M. Vincent, A.B., Research Librarian 

M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Departmental Secretary 

E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Associate, Botany 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Sharat K. Roy, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Fossil Mammals* 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Curator, Fossil Plants 

Robert K. Wyant, B.S., Curator, Economic Geology§ 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Henry Horback, Preparator 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Cameron E. Gifford, B.S., Preparator 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Mary Sue Hopkins Coates, B.A., Departmental Secretary* 

Phyllis M. Brady, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 
Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 
R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 
Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

* resigned 
§ on leave 



15 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Karl P. Schmidt, D.Sc, Curator Emeritus 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, MammalsJ 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant, Reptiles 

LoREN P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, B.A., Curator, Insects 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Sophie A. Kalinowski, Osteologist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Margaret G. Bradbury, B.S., Artist* 

Laura Brodie, Assistant, Zoology 

Betty Lou Lesk, Departmental Secretary 1[ 

Ruth Johnson Andris, Departmental Secretary 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Ruth Marshall, Ph.D., Research Associate, Arachnidsf 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

R. M. Strong, Ph.D., Research Associate, Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Research Associate, Birds* 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, M.S., Associate, Mammals 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

t retired f reassigned 

* resigned f deceased 

16 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Harry Hoogstraal, M.S., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 
DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Field Associate 



DEPARTMENT OF THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 

Arthur J. Soderling, Assistant Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND FOUNDATION 
FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Edith Fleming, M.A. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. Dolla Cox, A.B. 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Jean Shultz, B.S.* 

Nancy Worsham* Ellen Miller 



THE LAYMAN LECTURER 
Paul G. Dallwig, LL.B.f 

THE LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 
Administration 

Meta p. Howell, Librarian 

Marjorie a. West, A.B., Assistant to the Librarian 

Classification and Cataloguing 

M. Eileen Rocourt, M.A., in charge 

Maryl Andre, B.S. 

Dawn Davey Auerbach, B.A.* 

Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Technical Adviser, Oriental Collection 

Reference 

Katharine Williams, B.A.* 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks 

Boris Ivanov 
George Stosius 

* resigned 
t deceased 

17 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS OF MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, B.A., Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, A.M., Miscellaneous Publications 



PUBLIC RELATIONS COUNSEL 

H. B. Harte 

Jane Rockwell, B.A., Associate 



DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS 
Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

ADMINISTRATION AND RECORDS 

Susan M. Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 

Lorraine Kratz, Assistant Registrar 

Forest Highland, Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

Jeanette Forster, Assistant Recorder 

ACCOUNTING 

A. L. Stebbins, AuditorJ 
Robert A. Krueger, Auditor 
Marion K. Hoffmann, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

THE BOOK SHOP 
Jessie Dudley, in charge 

DIVISIONS OF PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

Douglas E. Tibbitts, B.A., Illustrator* 
E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist 

t retired 
* resigned 

18 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES 
John Moyer, in charge 

DIVISION OF PRINTING 

Raymond H. Hallstein, in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 

DIVISION OF MAINTENANCE 

James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 

DIVISION OF ENGINEERING 

William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 

THE GUARD 

David Dunsmuir, Captain 



19 



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'4 









Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1955. 

The increase of approximately fifty thousand dollars in the funds 
made available to the Museum by the Chicago Park District was 
received with sincere gratitude and with appreciation of the under- 
standing co-operation of the Chicago Park District Commissioners. 
Rigid economies were still required, however, and not until December 
was it clear that the year's operation would be completed with only 
a minor deficit. 

Income from special funds contributed in former years by 
generous and civic-minded Chicagoans continued to support both 
general and special activities of the Museum. Almost half the 
purchases in our Library were paid out of income from funds con- 
tributed by the late Huntington Jackson, Edward E. Ayer, Arthur 
B. Jones, and the Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald Foundation. 
A portion of the cost of producing scientific publications was met by 
funds from the Frederick Reynolds and Abby Kettelle Babcock 
Foundation. Specimens for the Department of Geology were pur- 
chased through funds established by the late William J. and Joan 
A. Chalmers, while zoological collections were augmented under the 
provisions of the Emily Crane Chadboume Zoological F^nd. I refer 
elsewhere in this Report to the benefits received by the Museum 
from the Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund, the James 

21 



Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and Children's 
Lecture Fund, the N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund, and 
the Conover Game-Bird Fund. Through the Thomas J, Dee 
Fellowship Fund, established in 1953, we were able to appoint during 
the year Evett D. Hester as Thomas J. Dee Fellow in Anthropology 
and Luis de la Torre as Thomas J. Dee Fellow in Zoology. In addi- 
tion, funds established for the general support of the Museum are 
providing considerably more than one half of the support of the 
institution. It is hoped that interested citizens will continue to 
rally to our support, in order that our position as a world leader 
may be maintained and even improved, despite the disadvantages 
of continuing inflation. 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

For the forty-seventh time Stanley Field was elected president of 
the Board of Trustees of the Museum. At his own request Samuel 
Insull, Jr., was relieved as second vice-president and Hughston M. 
McBain was elected to that position. Other officers re-elected are: 
Marshall Field, first vice-president; Joseph N. Field, third vice- 
president; Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; Clifford C. Gregg, secretary; 
and John R. Millar, assistant secretary. 

The occasion in May of the eightieth birthday of President Field 
permitted many of his friends to indicate their personal affection 
and appreciation of his immeasurable services by contributing vari- 
ous sums to the Museum in his honor (see the following page). 
From the time that he assumed its presidency in 1909 he has guided 
the Museum from a position of comparative obscurity to its present 
status of one of the world-leaders in its field. He has seen the annual 
attendance advance from 209,170 to more than a million people 
a year, which mark has been exceeded in every year since 1927. 
During his regime the operating budget has increased from $174,290 
to almost $1,150,000. His personal contributions to the Museum 
are in excess of $1,800,000. 

The Director of the Museum, Clifford C. Gregg, was honored by 
Willamette University, Salem, Oregon, at its annual commencement 
in June, when it conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Science. 
The degree was given in recognition of his administration of the 
Museum, his military service, and his leadership in organizations 
serving young men, including his college fraternity, the Boy Scouts 
of America, and the Young Men's Christian Association at local, 
state, and national levels. 

22 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

Gifts of money totaling $11,031 presented in honor of the eightieth 
birthday of Stanley Field, President, were received by the Museum 
from Lester Armour, Wm. McCormick Blair, Mrs. Bruce Borland, 
Mrs. Dexter Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark Cummings, Joseph N. Field, 
Mrs. Stanley Field, Clifford C. Gregg, Hughston M. McBain, 
Harold Nutting, James L. Palmer, Clifford Rodman, Mr. and Mrs. 
Gilbert H. Scribner, Mrs. William M. Scudder, and Solomon A. 
Smith. President Field gave an additional $27,509.63 for endow- 
ment of the Museum, and Mrs. Field, who is a Benefactor of the 
Museum, added $1,000 to the Sara Carroll Field Fund in addition 
to her gift of $10,000 in honor of her husband's birthday. 

A gift of $1,000 was received from Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Cly- 
borne, of Lemont, Illinois, to be added to the Harry Vearn and 
Mary Elizabeth Clyborne Fund, to which fund Mr. Clyborne added 
$107.07. Miss Margaret B. Conover, of Chicago, added $684 to the 
Conover Game-Bird Fund, which was established by her brother, 
the late Boardman Conover, a Trustee of the Museum and Research 
Associate in the Division of Birds; Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, 
of Lansing, Michigan, added $1,250 to the Maurice L. Richardson 
Paleontological Fund; C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, an Honor- 
ary Member of the Museum, added $750 to the C. Suydam Cutting 
Fund; $511.78 was received from the estate of the late Mrs. Abby 
K. Babcock and $1,345.07 from the estate of the late Oscar E. 
Remmer; and S. C. Johnson and Son, Incorporated, of Racine, Wis- 
consin, again gave $4,000 for research on wax-bearing palms. 

Other gifts of money were received from George A Bates, Wm. 
McCormick Blair, Peder A. Christensen, G. W. Colburn Laboratory, 
Incorporated, Mrs. Harold B. Keith, Kraft Foods Company, Hugh- 
ston M. McBain, National Society of Colonial Dames of America 
(Illinois), Langdon Pearse, Petley Studios, Edgar J. Schoen, Mrs. 
Ellen T. Smith, and Mrs. Richard Zickman. 

Those who have given $1,000 to $100,000 in money or materials 
are elected Contributors by the Board of Trustees (see page 109 for 
roster of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1955 are: Wm. 
McCormick Blair, Trustee of the Museum; Mrs. Mary Elizabeth 
Clyborne; Hughston M. McBain, Trustee of the Museum; and 
Robert Trier, of Chicago. Gifts of materials received during the 
year are listed at the end of this Report (see page 97) and under the 
heading "Accessions" in the reports of the scientific departments. 
For the names of those who generously have given their time to the 
Museum as volunteer workers see pages 31 and 35. 

23 



MEMBERSHIP 

Sir Arthur Keith, F.R.S., who was a Corresponding Member of this 
Museum, died on January 7, 1955, at the age of eighty-eight. He 
was a distinguished anatomist and one of the world's leading authori- 
ties on fossil man and human evolution. He served as Conservator of 
the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons from 1908 until his 
retirement in 1933. In the same year he was appointed Master of 
the Buckston Browne Institute, where he continued research and 
writing until his death. He made valuable contributions to our 
Museum. He acted as adviser to Miss Malvina Hoffman in the 
selection of the racial types for her sculptures in Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall (Peoples of the World, Hall 3) and was consultant 
for the reconstruction of the types of fossil men in the dioramas 
in Hall C (Stone Age of the Old World). In 1930 the Board of 
Trustees of the Museum elected him a Corresponding Member. 

With the death on November 20, 1955, of Brother Leon (Dr. 
Joseph S. Sauget y Barbier) the Museum lost another of its highly 
esteemed Corresponding Members. His interest was the vegetation 
of Cuba, particularly its palms. Renowned professor at Colegio de 
La Salle in Vedado, Havana, he was one of the founders of that 
institution, with a subsequent long career as a teacher there. A 
monument to the founders stands in the patio of the Colegio, but 
the monument entirely his own will be the herbarium he established 
and the publications he wrote. His Contributions to the Study of the 
Palms of Cuba, particularly of Copernicia and Coccothrinax, which 
are both especially numerous in the island, extended over a period 
of forty years. With Brother Victorin of the University of Montreal 
he collaborated in Itineraires Botaniques, an account of their ex- 
plorations of the vegetation of Cuba, undertaken with the intention 
of preparing a Flora. With the premature death of the Canadian 
botanist, the project became the responsibility of Brother Leon, 
who had already completed and published one volume. Of this 
Flora of Cuba three volumes have been issued, while the fourth and 
last is still in the competent hands of his pupil and collaborator 
Brother Alain of the same Colegio de La Salle, co-author of the 
second and third volumes. These, together with his occasional 
papers on botanical subjects and his various other minor publica- 
tions, bear abundant testimony to his half century of botanical 
endeavor. In 1949 the Trustees of the Museum elected him a Cor- 
responding Member (see page 109 for roster of Corresponding 
Members — scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign 
countries, who have rendered eminent service to the Museum), 

24 



The growing interest of the pubHc in Chicago Natural History 
Museum and its activities is shown by the increase in the number 
of new Members enrolled in 1955. At the close of the year 5,495 
Members were on the Museum roster. The number of Members 
in each membership classification was as follows: Benefactors — 25 
Honorary Members — 9; Patrons — 15; Corresponding Members — 5 
Contributors — 201; Corporate Members — 39; Life Members — 125 
Non-Resident Life Members — 26; Associate Members — 2,170; Non- 
Resident Associate Members — 16; Sustaining Members — 27; Annuxil 
Members — 2,837, Grateful appreciation is here expressed to our 
many Members, whose loyal support helps to make possible the con- 
tinuance of our scientific and educational work. The names of all 
Members of the Museum during 1955 are listed at the end of this 
Report under the various classes of membership. 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 

The fifth annual Members' Night was held at the Museum on the 
evening of Friday, October 7, when members of the Museum staff 
were hosts to 1,093 guests. The exhibition hall featured on this 
occasion was the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34), which was 
referred to in the press as the "Hall of the Earth" (see page 55). 
The new hall shows in systematic presentation the action of the 
forces that have molded and modified the surface of the earth, and, 
centered in the hall, four spectacular dioramas by George Marchand, 
of Ebenezer, New York, illustrate glacial erosion, surface-water 
erosion, ground-water erosion, and volcanic action. Dr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, spoke to a full house in James 
Simpson Theatre at the showing of his motion pictures of all phases 
of volcanic action from first causes to final effects. Other features 
of the evening were the display of hummingbirds, in which their 
iridescent colors are brought out by separate spotlights (Hall 20), 
and three dioramas of Indian life (Hall 7). The rooms of the scientific 
departments as well as the Library of the Museum were open for 
inspection, and visitors gained much interesting information about 
work behind the scenes in the Museum. Thirteen guided tours were 
organized to take our guests to various parts of the Museum and to 
explain briefly the Museum's objectives and methods, after which 
visitors were invited to look around at will, devoting their time to 
things that interested them most. Members of the Museum staff 
look upon Members' Night as their opportunity to express thanks 
and appreciation to those who so loyally support their efforts. 

25 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

"The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" was 
founded in 1912 by the late Norman W. Harris through a gift of 
a quarter of a million dollars. Mr, Harris directed that the income 
from this fund should be used for extension work in the public schools 
of the city of Chicago. Subsequently it was agreed that Mr. Harris 
had not desired to exclude parochial or private schools because 
education of the children of Chicago was his aim. The fund was later 
augmented by gifts from Albert W. Harris and other members of the 
Harris family. 

The Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension 
carries out the purposes for which it was created by building and 
distributing, on regular schedule throughout the school year, port- 
able exhibits illustrating subjects associated with the basic scope 
of the Museum. Circulation of portable exhibits continued during 
1955 in accordance with procedures established in past years. 
Through the periods of circulation (January 3 to June 22 and 
September 12 to December 22) schools and other eligible groups 
served by the department received two portable Museum exhibits 
every two weeks. At the end of each period of ten school days the 
exhibits were exchanged for two others. Under this system of 
rotation, each school and organization received 34 different Museum 
displays for exhibition and study. The total number of exhibits 
lent on schedule during the year was about 17,650. 

When the schools opened in January after the holidays, 519 
participants were receiving portable exhibits from the department. 
In the course of the year four schools and three branch libraries 
were dropped from the circulation list, and four new schools, the 
Hyde Park Neighborhood Club, and the Woodlawn Boys' Club 
were added, making the number 518 at year's end. The department 
has questioned the advisability of lending its exhibits to neighbor- 
hood clubs of boys and girls inasmuch as the exhibits are necessarily 
the same exhibits seen and discussed at school. But the needs of 
these clubs are so great and their contributions to Chicago com- 
munities so worth while that whenever possible the Museum honors 
applications made by such organizations. 

The exhibits were circulated in two Museum trucks on nine out 
of each ten school days, and on each tenth day the drivers worked 
in the shop at the Museum repairing cases and assisting the pre- 
parators in rehabilitation of damaged exhibits and preparation of 
new exhibit-material. During the summer school-vacation, when 
the portable exhibits had been recalled and stored in the racks at 

26 




Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist in the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension Department, puts the final touches on the exhibit of tree squirrels. 



the Museum, all exhibits were cheeked, cleaned, and made ready 
for circulation in the following school year. Repairs were necessary 
on 304 of the department's 1,100-odd exhibits. In contrast with 
other recent years, damage to circulated exhibits was light. 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist, spent the early 
part of the year preparing two sets of exhibits of squirrels found in 
and about Chicago. One set is concerned with different species of 
tree squirrels; the other identifies the ground squirrels. Progress 
on these exhibits, however, was temporarily halted before com- 
pletion in order that Preparator Franzen might work with Arthur 
J. Soderling, who joined the staff of the department as Assistant 
Preparator late in March. Together the two men prepared a set 
of six exhibits of the state flower. Each exhibit contains seven 
common species of violets native to Illinois. The violet and squirrel 
exhibits should be completed and installed in portable cases early 
in 1956. The two preparators made several one-day excursions into 
the field to collect plant and animal material needed in the prepara- 
tion of new exhibits for the department. 

27 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation continued 
its program of tours, lectures, motion pictures, and school programs. 
This foundation was established by Mrs. Raymond in 1925 as 
a memorial to her husband and herself. Her original gift of $300,000 
was supplemented shortly thereafter by an additional gift of 
$200,000, and she continued to contribute to the Museum for many 
years. She stipulated that "the income therefrom will be used by 
said Museum to defray the expense of lectures given to children in 
'Field Museum' and in the public schools of Chicago and for other 
similar purposes." Throughout her life Mrs. Raymond often visited 
the Museum and repeatedly expressed her pleasure at the work that 
was being done through the fund that she had established. 

Of increasing importance this year were the programs planned to 
help school groups help themselves. A typical program of this kind 
starts with an illustrated introduction in one of the Museum meeting 
rooms followed by supervised study in designated exhibition halls, 
where the students find the answers to prepared questions by 
observ^ation of the exhibits. Forty-nine of these programs were 
given, with a total attendance of 5,792. In connection with a special 
exhibit of Eskimo sculpture held in Stanley Field Hall a program 
for the schools was given twenty-nine times to a total attendance 
of 1,852 students. Extension lectures continued for the Chicago 
Public Schools but in reduced numbers because of the increased 
need for school tours and lectures in the Museum. Forty extension 
lectures were given during the year to a total of 12,750 students. 

Attendance at the motion-picture programs for children offered 
in spring and fall on Saturday mornings and in summer on Thursday 
mornings indicates changes in our habits and patterns of living. 
Total attendance at the six summer shows (which required a repeat 
performance of each program) was still high at 9,734 — these children 
came in day-camp groups, play groups, and youth organizations but 
very few in family groups. However, attendance at the Saturday- 
morning programs dropped, both in spring and fall, possibly because 
there are fewer organizations to bring the children to these programs. 
Total attendance in the spring was 5,792; in the fall, 4,374. 

Two series of Museum Stories were published and distributed 
free to children at the Saturday-morning programs. One series 
(nine stories), "Africa and Its People," was written by Miss Edith 
Fleming, and the other (also nine stories), "Stories Behind Museum 

28 




Museum Travelers began Journey No. 4 at exhibit of toys in Stanley Field Hall. 



Zoology Exhibits," was written by Miss Nancy Worsham. Ray- 
mond Foundation's first major publication was issued in November. 
This handbook, For Pebble Pups, A Collecting Guide for Junior 
Geologists, by Dolla Cox Weaver (95 pages, 27 illustrations), with 
its accompanying set of eighteen identified rocks and minerals, was 
featured in various magazines for teachers and parents in the 
William Wrigley Company's "New Horizons" advertising series. 

A new activity called Museum Journeys, planned especially for 
boys and girls who come to the Museum in small groups or alone, 
was initiated in March. Each Journey is open for two months, and 
children may take the Journey at any time during the two-month 
period. Travel instructions on where to go and what to see in the 
Museum are given to the children as they enter the Museum. When 
a child has completed successfully four Journeys and has answered 
correctly the four travel questionnaires, he will be officially honored 
by the Museum as a Museum Traveler. The Journeys were: 
Journey No. 1 (March and April) — Listen to the Drums (Africa); 
Journey No. 2 (July and August) — Puppets Across the Sea (China); 
Journey No. 3 (October and November) — Animals Around the 
World; Journey No. 4 (December 1955, January 1956) — Toys. 

For three of the Journeys special exhibits were planned by 
Raymond Foundation as starting points. The exhibit of African 
drums for Journey No. 1 and the exhibit of Chinese shadow-play 
figures for Journey No. 2 were both prepared by Miss Fleming, 

29 



with the assistance of James R. Shouba and Gustav A. Noren of the 
Division of Maintenance. The exhibit of toys for Journey No. 4 
was prepared by Miss Harriet Smith, with the assistance of Curator 
Harry E. Changnon (Geology), Preparator Henry U. Taylor 
(Geology), Shouba, and Noren. Materials for the three exhibits 
were from the study collections of the Department of Anthropology. 

Co-operation continued with the Girl Scouts of Chicago and 
nearby towns. This activity included (1) Treasure Quests and 
Expeditions for Brownie Girl Scouts in connection with the Satur- 
day-morning motion pictures for children (2,012 participated); 
(2) four programs offering help in nature-badge work to Inter- 
mediate Girl Scouts (1,252 attended); (3) one training-course for 
Senior Girl Scout Museum Aides (these 67 girls have assisted with 
Saturday and holiday programs in the Museum and particularly 
have helped with the programs given for Girl Scouts); and (4) 
workshop program on Indian arts and crafts given on two days to 
a total of 342 Girl Scouts of towns near Chicago. A series of puppets 
made by the Brownies as a result of "Expedition Make-Believe" 
formed a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall during the summer. 

For foot-weary summer visitors in July, August, and September 
the Museum offered showings of the Museum film "Through These 
Doors" thirteen times to a total of 1,020 people. The sign "Are 
your feet tired? Would you like to sit down? See the Museum in 
movies!" attracted a capacity showing of the film within a short 
time after it was posted in strategic places in the Museum halls. 

RAYMOND FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES FOR 1955 
Activities within the Museum 



t or children 

Tours in Museum halls . . . . 
Lectures preceding tours . . . 
Motion-picture programs . . 


Groups 
. 1,047 

311 
30 


Attendance 

41,711 
19,047 
19,900 


Groups 

. 1,388 

383 

40 


Attendance 


Total 




80,658 


For adults 

Tours in Museum halls . . . . 
Lectures preceding tours . . . 


360 
23 


6,473 
1,493 




Total 




7,966 


Extension Activities 

Chicago Public Schools 

Elementary 

Total 


40 


12,760 


12,760 




lctivities.. 






Total for Raymond Foundation ^ 


1,811 


101,384 


30 







LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

The 103rd and 104th series of pubHc lectures were presented on 
Saturday afternoons during March, April, October, and November 
in James Simpson Theatre of the Museum. These lectures are made 
possible through the generosity and foresight of the late Edward 
E. Ayer, who in 1922 established a fund of $100,000 for expenses 
and other remuneration of lecturers who are not members of the 
Museum staff. The quality of the lectures and the appreciation of 
the audiences are indicated by the total attendance figure for this 
year of 17,262, an increase of 746 over the total attendance of last 
year, despite the decline in general attendance at the Museum. 



THE LAYMAN LECTURER 

With deep regret I report the death on May 14, 1955, of Paul G. 
Dallwig, Layman Lecturer of the Museum. Mr. Dallwig first under- 
took his duties as the Layman Lecturer in the fall of 1937, and 
before the close of 1954 he had given fourteen series of lectures 
to a total audience of 47,638 people. He had planned to resume 
his presentations in 1956. During his long period of association 
with the Museum he had popularized the slogan "Sunday Afternoon 
at Chicago Natural History Museum." He conducted his Sunday- 
afternoon audiences through the exhibition halls of the Museum, for 
the subject-matter of his lectures included many different phases of 
the Museum's studies. His services were volunteered, and at no 
time would he accept any payment, even to reimburse himself for 
out-of-pocket expense. As a by-product of his contribution of 
service to the Museum, he became so interested in lecturing on 
Museum subjects that he accepted many engagements elsewhere. 

In grateful appreciation of the unique contribution of Paul G. 
Dallwig, a memorial service was held at the Museum on the after- 
noon of Sunday, May 29, 1955. John R. Hastie, Jr., past president 
of the Chicago Association of Life Underwriters, spoke in behalf of 
Mr. Dallwig's colleagues in the insurance field. Dr. Preston Bradley, 
pastor of the Peoples Church of Chicago and a long-time friend of 
Mr. Dallwig, delivered the memorial address, and the Museum was 
represented by its Director, Dr. Clifford C. Gregg. This particular 
"Sunday Afternoon at the Museum" was held on the anniversary of 
Mr. Dallwig's seventieth birthday. Because the Layman Lectures 
depended entirely on Mr. Dallwig's own unusual personality and 
style of presentation, the series will not be resumed. 

31 



STAFF OF THE MUSEUM 

On July 1, Dr. Karl P. Schmidt retired as Chief Curator of Zoology 
but remained in the service of the Museum as Curator Emeritus. It 
had long been his desire to have more time for research in the 
Division of Amphibians and Reptiles. There will always be a place 
at the Museum for Dr. Schmidt and always a need for him. Dr. 
Austin L. Rand, Curator of Birds, was advanced to the position of 
Chief Curator of Zoology, and Emmet R. Blake, Associate Curator 
of Birds, was promoted to Curator. 

Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil Mammals, resigned in June 
to accept an appointment at Harvard University as Alexander 
Agassiz Professor of Vertebrate Paleontology. Melvin A. Traylor, 
Jr., resigned at the end of the year as Research Associate in the 
Division of Birds to accept appointment as Assistant Curator of 
Birds. Other resignations during the year were: Miss Margaret G. 
Bradbury, Artist in the Department of Zoology; Roger T. Grange 
and Whitney Halstead, Assistants in the Department of Anthro- 
pology; Miss Katharine Williams and Mrs. Dawn Davey Auerbach, 
of the Library staff; Mrs. Jean Shultz and Miss Nancy Worsham, 
of Raymond Foundation; and Douglas E. Tibbitts, Staff Illustrator. 

A. L. Stebbins retired as Auditor on April 1 and was succeeded 
as Auditor by Robert A. Krueger, Assistant Auditor. Colin Camp- 
bell Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, retired at the end of the year 
because of illness, and Philip Hershkovitz, Associate Curator, 
became Curator on January 1, 1956. Luis de la Torre, Associate 
in the Division of Mammals, was appointed Thomas J. Dee Fellow 
in Zoology for the period of April 1 through November 10. Robert 
K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, went on leave of absence 
for a period of one year, effective October 1. Miss Elaine Bluhm, 
Assistant in Archaeology, began a four-month leave in November. 

Dr. Orlando Park, of Northwestern University, was elected 
Research Associate in the Division of Insects by the Board of 
Trustees. Mrs. Sophie A. Kalinowski was appointed Osteologist in 
the Department of Zoology on April 1. Mrs. Ruth Johnson Andris 
became Secretary of the Department of Zoology on July 1, and Miss 
Betty Lou Lesk, who formerly occupied that position, was trans- 
ferred to the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles. Preparator 
William D. Turnbull was appointed Assistant Curator of Fossil 
Mammals on September 1. Miss Marion K. Hoffmann was promoted 
from Bookkeeper to Assistant Auditor, and Miss Jane Rockwell, 
Assistant in the Division of Public Relations, was promoted to 
Associate. Other appointments were: Miss Phyllis M. Brady, 

32 




On the occasion of Dr. Karl P. Schmidt's retirement as Chief Curator of Zoology 
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Director, presented Dr. Schmidt with the ^'Karl Patterson 
Schmidt Anniversary Volume" written by his colleagues (see page 75 for notation). 



Secretary, Cameron E. Gifford, Preparator, and David Techter, 
Assistant, Geology; Allen S. Liss, Assistant, Anthropology; Mrs. 
Ellen Miller, Raymond Foundation; E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist; 
and Arthur J. Soderling, Assistant Preparator, Harris Extension. 

With sincere regret I record the death on May 12 of Dr. Ruth 
Marshall, Research Associate in the Division of Insects (Arachnids). 
Dr. Marshall, who was one of the relatively few women ever to 
acquire an international reputation as a systematic zoologist, had 
been elected a Contributor by the Board of Trustees of the Museum. 
I further record with regret the death of John Pletinckx, Ceramic 
Restorer; Christ J. Schnur; and Mrs. Katy Czerviecz. 

33 



SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

An 18th-century Chinese jade jar presented to the Museum in midyear 
(see page 41) was placed on special exhibition in Stanley Field Hall 
in late summer. A special exhibit prepared by the Department of 
Botany showing poison ivy, poison sumac, and plants often confused 
with them was on display through September and October. Other 
special exhibits during the year were "Woodland Portraits," fifty 
color photographs by Miss Jeannette Klute, photographer for East- 
man Kodak Company; sixty pieces of sculpture by Eskimos of 
northern Canada, shown through courtesy of the Department of 
Northern Affairs and Natural Resources of Canada; puppets made 
by Brownie Girl Scouts after going on "Expedition Make-Believe" 
in the Museum (see page 30); paintings and drawings from the 
junior and advanced classes held in this Museum by the School of 
the Art Institute of Chicago; Fifth Annual Amateur Handcrafted 
Gem and Jewelry Competitive Exhibition; and Tenth Chicago Inter- 
national Exhibition of Nature Photography. 



ATTENDANCE 

During the year 1,072,676 people visited the Museum. This repre- 
sents a decrease in attendance of 69,524 for the year. The appeal of 
the television set at home is believed to be one of the causes, if not 
the principal cause, of the general decline, which, of course, is felt 
not only in educational and cultural institutions but among amuse- 
ment organizations as well. Curtailment of public transportation 
facilities and limitation of parking space are also contributing 
factors in our case. Almost 62 per cent of Museum visitors come on 
Saturdays and Sundays. Almost 75 per cent of the Museum's 
attendance is recorded on the three days (Thursday, Saturday, and 
Sunday) when no admission charge is made. It is not unusual, 
then, that only about 12 per cent of the Museum's annual visitors 
pay any admission fee. Again the Museum was host to the boys and 
girls attending the National 4-H Clubs Congress in December, when 
a handsome plaque was presented to the Museum by Guy L. Noble, 
Director, National Committee on Boys and Girls Club Work, in 
recognition of thirty-five years of co-operation with this important 
youth group. Student attendance in the Museum continues at 
a steadily increasing rate on weekdays. May is still the peak month 
for school-group attendance, with 815 groups and 46,492 students, 
although other months brought record numbers to the Museum. 

34 



VOLUNTEER WORKERS 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help 
during the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates 
and Associates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of 
this Report. Other volunteers are: Roy D. Albert, Roger W. Boe, 
Miss Eleanor Dixon, Ira Fogel, Dr. Robert L. Haas, Bruce Mac- 
Lachlan, Richard McClung, Paul D. Molnar, Michael Morris, Dr. 
Harry G. Nelson, James Schoen wetter, and Dr. George C. Williams. 



MUSEUM EXPEDITIONS 

The Museum conducted thirteen expeditions and field trips in 1955. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. Expeditions and field trips of 1955 and 
their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Chicago Region Archaeological 
Field Trips, 1955-56 (Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology) ; 
Louisiana Archaeological Field Trip (George I. Quimby, Curator 
of North American Archaeology and Ethnology); Southwest 
Archaeological Expedition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 
of Anthropology) 

Department of Botany — Cuba Botanical Field Trip (Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus of Botany); Venezuela Botanical Ex- 
pedition in Collaboration with New York Botanical Garden, 195Jf.~55 
(Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium); West Coast Botanical Field Trip (Emil Sella, Curator of 
Exhibits in Botany) 

Department of Geology — Central America Geological Expedition 
(Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology); Paleobotanical 
Field Trip to Alabama and Tennessee (George Langford, Curator 
of Fossil Plants) 

Department of Zoology — Conover Angola Expedition, 1954-55 
(Gerd H, Heinrich); Mexico Zoological Field Trip, 195I^-55 (Loren 
P. Woods, Curator of Fishes) ; Southeast Zoological Field Trip (Henry 
S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects) ; Southwest Zoological Field 
Trip (Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of Zoology); United 
States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt, 1949 — 
(Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal, Museum representative) 

35 



Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The Southwest Archaeological Expedition under the leadership of 
Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, aided by Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, completed the 
final installment of its long-term research-excavation program in 
the Reserve area of west-central New Mexico. The goal of this 
program has been to reconstruct the history of Mogollon culture 
in this locality and thus to provide additional data for under- 
standing cultural laws that govern growth and decline of civi- 
lizations, ancient and modern. 

Results of previous expeditions had made possible the recon- 
struction of the several earlier stages in growth of Mogollon culture 
from about 2500 B.C. to about A.D. 1200. This year's expedition 
gained information on the period from about A.D. 1200 to about 
A.D. 1320, when the Mogollon Indians left the Reserve area. Our 
plan was threefold: (1) to locate one of the latest villages in this 
area occupied by the Mogollon Indians, (2) to excavate a number 
of rooms and structures in this village in order to learn about the 
way in which its inhabitants solved the problems of daily living, 
and (3) to search for evidence as to how and why the village was 
abandoned. More than five hundred specimens were collected, not 
counting broken pieces of pottery and animal-bone or plant speci- 
mens. Among choice discoveries were a tiny copper bell and another 
copper object that indicate trade with Mexico or southern Arizona 
and New Mexico, some beautifully decorated polychrome pottery 
vessels that aid indirectly in estimating the age of the village, 
a unique painted ceremonial object that resembles a tubular tobacco 
pipe, and full-grooved and three-quarters grooved stone axes that, 
respectively, indicate cultural influences from the northeast and 
from the southwest. 

The village selected by the expedition for excavation is located 
on a low mesa about seventy-five feet above a bend in Blue River. 
The ground-floor rooms of this village apartment-house, a section 
of which may have been two stories high, probably number fifty. 
The rooms are arranged about the four sides of a quadrangle, at one 
end of which was a roofed plaza that probably served as a church. 
Access to the quadrangle was by a gate at one corner and perhaps 
by entrances leading directly into the outer tier of rooms. Fifteen 
rooms, the plaza, and parts of the refuse dump were excavated. 

36 




Pit-house village, occupied between 200 B.C. and A.D. 500 (modeled from SU site, 
New Mexico), shows the daily life of the prehistoric Mogollon Indians (Hall 7). 



The contents of the rooms showed that the village had been aban- 
doned gradually and that the former occupants had taken almost 
everything with them that could be carried away easily or that was 
of any value. The objects that had been left in the rooms were 
arranged in an orderly way, and there were neither burned rooms 
nor evidence of warfare. It is thus clear that the Mogollon Indians 
had not been driven out of the area by enemy peoples, but, on the 
other hand, the frequent addition of rooms, the alteration of room- 
sizes by building or tearing down partitions, and the changes in 
floor-levels with consequent changes in fireboxes and other floor- 
features seem to indicate a desire for something different. Further- 
more, one burial was found with an arrowhead through the shoulder 
blade, which might mean that factional strife combined with general 
restlessness caused the village to divide, leaving too few people to 
carry on a complex series of ceremonies such as present-day pueblo 
peoples feel is essential to life. Too few children growing up to take 
part in the ceremonies might in turn have caused the remaining 
Mogollons to abandon their village entirely in order to join forces 
with another group elsewhere. 

37 



The major accomplishments of the Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition during its twelve seasons of work in western New Mexico 
may be briefly summarized: (1) the unraveling of population growth 
and decline, of changing economic systems, and of techniques for 
exploiting the environment and the formulation of hypotheses 
concerning the solution of the interrelationships between settlement 
patterns, subsistence activities, and certain aspects of social and 
religious life in this previously unworked area; (2) the suggestion 
of the concept that the various cultures of the Southwest were not 
separate isolated developments but were all affected by similar 
influences and stimuli; (3) the development of statistical methods 
to plot the chronological positions of villages of varying ages; 
(4) the recovery of nearly five thousand years of continuous history, 
the longest and most completely delineated continuous sequence 
in the Southwest (this information will throw light on the incipient 
stages in the development of civilizations and what causes civili- 
zations to grow) ; (5) the discovery of an unusually primitive variety 
of maize that is believed to be the oldest yet discovered in the 
Southwest and the discovery of the oldest pottery in the Southwest; 
(6) the recovery of the largest and most diverse collection of ancient 
food-plants covering a period of about 2,500 to 3,000 years (the 
plant materials from caves were beautifully preserved and will prove 
of great value in dietetic and botanical studies) ; (7) a more complete 
understanding of the critical period of the 13th and 14th centuries 
when the Indians of the Reserve area were becoming restless and 
were beginning to abandon it; and (8) the collection of data on 23 
villages totaling 146 rooms and on 5 caves and the recovery of 
164 pots, more than 7,000 tools of bone, stone, and wood, and many 
sandals, fur robes, ropes, and baskets. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
collaborated with Chief Curator Martin on a report of the excavation 
of a large and a small ceremonial room at Higgins Flat Pueblo and 
dwelling rooms at two other pueblos undertaken during the summer 
of 1954 and assisted in preparation of drawings. After supervising 
excavation for the Southwest Archaeological Expedition from June 
into August, Dr. Rinaldo took part in a seminar that prepared 
a paper on "Community Patterns of Nomadic and Sedentary 
Peoples" to be published by the Society for American Archaeology. 
After his return from the seminar he began analysis of the archi- 
tectural features, ceramics, and stone and bone artifacts recovered 
in the field. From time to time he worked in Southwestern Indian 
ethnology and archaeology for revision of exhibits in Hall 7 (Ancient 
and Modem Indians of the Southwestern United States) . 

38 



During the spring and summer the Museum's Chicago region 
archaeological project, under the supervision of Miss Elaine Bluhm, 
Assistant in Archaeology, aided by Philip Young, a student assist- 
ant, engaged in a survey of the area included in Cook, Du Page, 
and Lake counties in Illinois to locate sites of Indian encampments. 
Several campsites of early hunters — Indians who made no pottery 
and lived along streams and the high dry shores of the lakes about 
five thousand years ago — were located and two were tested, with 
University of Chicago students and members of the Earth Science 
Club of Northern Illinois serving as volunteer labor. None of these 
sites is very rich or very deep, but this is not surprising because the 
sites were probably occupied for short periods by small nomadic 
hunting-groups. The Museum is grateful to the landowners who 
permitted its workers to survey and test sites on their property and 
to the people who allowed these workers to study their collections 
of Indian artifacts. Miss Bluhm completed a report on material 
from the Sawmill site, a Mogollon pueblo village with large rectangu- 
lar semisubterranean ceremonial room that was excavated near 
Reserve, New Mexico, by the Southwest archaeological expeditions 
of 1951 and 1952. The study of changes in designs on painted 
pottery, which has been completed for the Reserve area, was ex- 
panded to include changes in designs from A.D. 500 to A.D. 1250 
throughout the Southwest, where painting is the predominate form 
of ornamentation for pottery vessels. Although types of pottery 
from various areas like Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, and Reserve 
can be differentiated, similar designs occur in these areas at about 
the same time and serve to tie the areas together developmen tally. 
This is the first study of horizon styles that has been made in this 
way for Southwestern potteries. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, continued his study of the origin and nature of urbani- 
zation in prehistoric Peru. During the latter half of the year he 
assembled data on Casma and neighboring Peruvian valleys to be 
used in the course of the Museum's archaeological expedition to 
Peru in 1956, which, with his leadership, will be conducted under 
a research grant from the National Science Foundation. He did 
some research in Mexican archaeology and ethnology in connection 
with reinstallation of Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern Indians of Mexico 
and Central America) and continued to collaborate with Dr. A. L. 
Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology, in studying 
the Museum's Nazca collection from Peru. Curator Collier's report, 
Cultural Chronology and Change as Reflected in the Ceramics of the 
Viru Valley, Peru, was published by the Museum in December. 

39 



George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, conducted research involving archaeological problems 
in the lower Mississippi Valley and the Great Lakes area. He 
completed a report on his attempt to locate the site near Natchez, 
Mississippi, where human remains and the bones of extinct animals 
had been found in the 1840's. The report, which includes a history 
of the original find and an appraisal of the geological context, has 
been accepted for publication by American Antiquity. In April he 
went to Poverty Point site (occupied about 800 B.C.) in northeastern 
Louisiana where (with permission of the American Museum of 
Natural History's expedition to the site) he made surface collections 



Diorama modeled from Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, shows 
Indians in an Anasazi village of A.D. 1100 performing rain ceremonies (Hall 7). 




*^ if|i# JmJ W#«iii&i»,yi^ 



m t 'I 



-d' a^ 







40 



from the southernmost parts of the extensive earthworks and 
excavated two stratigraphic test-pits. He continued his study of 
Paleo-Indians and their environments in the Great Lakes region, 
concentrating on the period from about 6000 B.C. to 2000 B.C. In 
October he examined a recently exposed bed of peat in MichilHnda, 
Michigan. Participating in this venture were Dr. John W. Thieret, 
Curator of Economic Botany, and Dr. James H. Zumberge, a glacial 
geologist from the University of Michigan. Study of the peat bed 
is expected to provide information about fossil plant-seeds, glacial 
geology, and Paleo-Indian environment. Some ethnological re- 
search was undertaken by Curator Quimby in order to prepare an 
exhibit illustrating Pima and Papago religion for Hall 7 (Ancient 
and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States). 

M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, devoted a major portion of his time to further organization 
and expansion of the East Asian Collection, that division of the 
Library which encompasses anthropological and Sinological materials 
relevant to Eastern Asia. Over and above this duty he continued 
his research on the history and life of the important and imperfectly 
known Chou period of early China. He is particularly interested 
in areas lying outside of traditional centers of Chou culture. 



Accessions— Anthropology 

In midyear the Museum was presented with an unusually large 
and well-executed eighteenth-century Chinese jade jar, a gift of 
R. Bensabott (the jar was fully described in the July, 1955, issue of 
the Museum's Bulletin). We are indebted also to the same donor 
for a series of large and handsomely crafted cabinets of solid, beauti- 
fully grained walnut. Our outstanding collection of Chinese rub- 
bings was enhanced through the consideration of Robert A. Stough, 
of Chicago, who presented a rubbing taken from an ancient stele 
on Hengshan, one of the five sacred mountains of China, located in 
Hunan Province, in south-central China. An interesting and useful 
collection of thirty-four artifacts from the Maori of New Zealand 
was presented by Robert Trier, of Chicago. Phillip H. Lewis, of 
Chicago, gave ten pieces of primitive art that he collected during 
a field research-project in Melanesia (the pieces were made in 1954 
as part of the ceremonial rites of the people of northeast New 
Ireland and give to the Museum's considerable collection of New 
Ireland carvings a time-depth of some forty-odd years as well as 
additional data on the functions of the older carvings) . 

41 



Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow in Anthropology, and Roger 
T, Grange, Assistant, completed cleaning and checking the eth- 
nographic collections from the Philippines and their removal to new 
storage quarters in the Pacific Research Laboratory, and, with the 
help of Phillip H. Lewis, a substantial selection of Melanesian 
material was similarly handled. During the summer Hester, with 
the assistance of Philip Young, completed the cleaning, checking, and 
removal of the Malayan and Indonesian collections to the Pacific 
Research Laboratory. In September Allen S. Liss, Assistant, 
assumed the duties of Assistant Grange (resigned). Until July these 
projects were aided by a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation 
for Anthropological Research, but thereafter the Museum carried 
the entire cost of this program. Removal of the Northwest Coast 
reference and research collections from one room to another entailed 
reclassifying categories of specimens and checking catalogue entries, 
which was done by Assistant Whitney Halstead and Lewis under the 
direction of Curator Quimby. During the year photograph albums 
dealing with Kish, Iraq, and Asia were reorganized by Miss Grace 
Alpher, Robert Lamb, Miss Barbara Schwartz, and John Speer 
(Antioch College students) and Nicholas Millet. This work was 
accomplished under the supervision of Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant 
in Archaeology, and, later, Nicholas Millet. 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

Nine new exhibits were designed and prepared for Hall 7 (Ancient 
and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States) by Artist 
Gustaf Dalstrom and Preparator Walter C. Reese. Reinstallation 
of Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern Indians of Mexico and Central 
America) was begun in October, and by the end of the year eight 
exhibits illustrating the ethnology of Mexico and Guatemala had 
been completed by Dalstrom and Reese. Dioramist Alfred Lee 
Rowell created three dioramas showing prehistoric life in the South- 
west, which were installed in Hall 7, and he began work on two 
dioramas for Hall 8. During the year the exhibits of Philippine, 
Malayan, Indonesian, and Formosan material were renovated, 
checked, and reinstalled in newly arranged patterns in Hall A 
(Peoples of Melanesia and the Philippines) and in Hall G (Peoples 
of the Malay Peninsula and Indonesia) that enhance the attractive- 
ness of the displays (see illustration on page 91). 

42 



Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

The Curator Emeritus of Botany, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, continued his 
research on the genus Copernicia with further explorations in Cuba 
and, in the Museum, by study of material collected by him or ac- 
quired by arrangements made in advance for observing marked 
specimens and collecting from them, at respective seasons, flowers, 
fruit, and seeds. In addition, germination experiments were car- 
ried on and cytological studies pursued by Professor J. M. Beal 
of the University of Chicago. Acknowledgments for assistance in 
the field and for collecting, preparing, storing, and shipping items 
obtainable only during the summer or fall months are here given to 
Dr. Patricio Ponce de Leon of the Botanic Garden of the University 
of Havana, who at the proper time made excursions to rather 
distant points, both east and west of Havana, to obtain desired 
items that he later brought to the Museum on a visit to Chicago; to 
Dr. Robert K. Lampton, of Upsala College, East Orange, New 
Jersey, formerly of the research staff of S. C. Johnson and Son, 
Incorporated; to Dr. and Mrs. L. W. Hansen, of Camaguey, long- 
time American residents in Cuba; and to the late Brother Leon of 
Colegio de La Salle of Havana (see page 24). 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, now at Escuela Agricola Panamericana near Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras, identified collections of plants from Honduras and other 
Latin-American countries. J. PYancis Macbride, Curator of Peru- 
vian Botany, studied a number of families in preparation of ad- 
ditional parts of his Flora of Peru. Grasses of Guatemala, prepared by 
Dr. Jason R. Swallen of the United States National Herbarium, was 
published by the Museum as part two of Flora of Guatemala in its 
Fieldiana botany series (the manuscript for the Bambuseae was 
prepared for this volunie by Dr. F. A. McClure, of the United States 
Department of Agriculture). 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
identified recent collections of flowering plants from the Hawaiian 
Islands as well as many Compositae from tropical eastern and south- 
eastern Africa. His revisions of the North American representatives 
of nine genera of Compositae (Coreocarpus, Cosmos, Bidens, Coreop- 
sis, Dahlia, Goldmanella, Heterosperma, Hidalgoa, and Megalo- 
donta) have been published in North American Flora (New York 
Botanical Garden) . Of these, his revisions of the genera Coreocarpus 

43 



and Dahlia are the first of their kind. Dr. Margery C. Carlson, 
Associate in Botany, virtually finished her monograph of the genus 
Russelia (Scrophulariaceae), and during the early part of the year 
she studied many representative species in their native habitats in 
Mexico. Until the end of July Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, former Curator 
of Colombian Botany, continued at the Museum his studies of 
Colombian plants with the aid of a grant from the National Science 
Foundation. After the termination of this grant he transferred his 
activities to the United States National Herbarium. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, pursued his studies 
of living and fossil gymnosperms and of modem systems of classifica- 
tion of the plant kingdom. He also contributed a chapter on fossil 
ferns and fern allies to A Field Guide to the Ferns and Their Related 
Families of Northeastern and Central North America, a forthcoming 
handbook by Boughton Cobb, a Member of the Museum. Con- 
siderable time was spent in preparation of new exhibits. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, made routine determinations of miscellaneous collections of 
plants, especially from the American tropics and also wrote labels 
for some of his Venezuelan collections of 1953 and 1955. On the 
first of April he returned from his botanical expedition to Chimanta- 
tepui, the large table-mountain in the "lost world" of southeastern 
Venezuela that he explored with Dr. John J. Wurdack of New York 
Botanical Garden. The expedition, which was very successful, 
reached the summit of this mountain on a part previously never 
ascended by man and established a permanent camp-site on the 
summit at 6,300 feet above sea level. From here explorations were 
made to surrounding and more distant parts of the immense Massif 
for a period of a month. As time permitted, photographs were taken 
of unusual plants and scenery for botanical and geographical data. 
Many zoological specimens, including snails, amphibians, reptiles, 
birds, mammals, insects, and spiders were collected, but the most 
notable find of animal life on the summit was the discovery of 
a small catfish, the first record of fish ever made on the summit of 
any of these isolated table-mountains. In addition, a number of 
geographical facts were obtained that will be useful to cartographers 
in showing the exact location of lobes of the mountain, names and 
courses of rivers on the summit, names and locations of various 
previously unknown waterfalls, and altitudes. The botanical part 
of the expedition was highly successful, for 1,500 numbered collec- 
tions, totaling 10,000 specimens of plants, were pressed and dried 
for study. A preliminary study of some of the groups indicates that 
numerous new species and some new genera were collected by this 

44 




This is the Tirica river-valley that the botanical expedition ascended in 1955 to 
a summit of Chimanta Massif, the mighty lost-world mountain of Venezuela, to 
continue botanical exploration (this photograph was taken at 6500-foot elevation). 



expedition as well as by Curator Steyermark on his expedition in 
1953 to the same table-mountain. Previous reports that these 
table-mountains yield the greatest number of endemic new species 
and genera to be found in any part of the New World are thus being 
confirmed by these expeditions. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 
conducted revisional studies of microscopic algae in collaboration 
with William A. Daily, of Butler University. Dr. Hanford Tiffany, 
Research Associate, carried on investigations of the distribution of 
the Oedogoniaceae, and Donald Richards, Research Associate, 
continued his research on North American bryophytes. Kung-chu 
Fan, of the University of Kansas, Mrs. Fay K. Daily, of Indianapolis, 
and Dr. Chester S. Nielsen and Ronald C. Phillips, of Florida State 
University, worked on various problems of algal classification in the 
cryptogamic herbarium of the Museum. 

45 



Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his studies of the gross morphology of seeds, particularly those of 
agricultural legumes and aquatic plants of the United States, and 
a paper on seeds of Veronica and allied genera was published (see 
page 87). He devoted considerable time to collection and prepara- 
tion of seed samples and the accompanying herbarium vouchers, and 
during the year he investigated the economic aspects of bryophytes 
and cycads. He prepared and submitted the first section of cards 
on the Scrophulariaceae for Index Nominum Genericorum, pub- 
lished serially at Utrecht, Netherlands. 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits, spent approximately six weeks 
during August and September collecting plant material in Oregon 
and northern California, His main objective was to obtain leafy 
branches of western species of conifers and broadleaved trees to 
complement various exhibits of North American woods in Hall 26. 
Most of the work, including necessary color-notes in connection 
with the immediate preparation of the specimens in the field, was 
done at Oregon State College, in Corvallis, where ideal laboratory 
facilities were provided. For this and for considerable assistance 
received, the Museum is indebted to Dean W. F. McCulloch of the 
School of Forestry. 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian, completed work on 
the Index to American Botanical Literature by filing all cards pub- 
lished during the past five years and purchased from the Torrey 
Botanical Club (oldest botanical society in the United States) . She 
also checked and standardized the abbreviations of the names of 
botanical authorities cited in the index of type and historical col- 
lections maintained by the Museum. 



Exhibits— Botany 

Constant progress is being made in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall 
(North American Woods, Hall 26), where during the year eight new 
models were added to the exhibits. Of these, the branches of black 
oak (Quercus velutina), butternut (Juglans cinerea), and black willow 
{Salix nigra) were assembled by Artist-Preparator Samuel H. Grove, 
Jr., and the water oak {Quercus nigra), Spanish or southern red oak 
{Quercus falcata), and post oak {Quercus stellata) by Technician 
Frank Boryca. Curator of Exhibits Sella restored the original 
branches of black spruce {Picea mariana) and balsam fir {Abies 
balsamea). As part of the contemplated revision of the hall the 
complete exhibits of white pine, swamp cypress, and American 

46 



chestnut were rearranged and reinstalled for better display in 
modified exhibition cases of limited depth by Preparator Walter 
Huebner and Curator Sella. The one important addition to Martin 
A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life) is a reproduction 
of a flowering branch of the mountain camellia (Stewartia pentagyna), 
a showy member of the Tea family. In the preparation of this 
model as well as in the extensive repairing of recent damage to the 
snowbank in the Alpine Vegetation exhibit (located in Hall 29), 
Curator Sella was aided by Technician Boryca. 



Accessions— Botany 

The largest gift to the phanerogamic herbarium during the year was 
that of 5,329 plant specimens from the University of Notre Dame, 
obtained through the assistance of Dr. Albert L. Delisle and ar- 
ranged by Chief Curator Just. Other large gifts include 2,074 plants 
of the United States, chiefly from Oregon, California, and the 
Chicago area, collected by Holly Reed Bennett, of Chicago; 531 
plants of Missouri collected by Ernest J. Palmer, of Webb City, 
Missouri; 319 plants of Illinois from Hugh S. Bonar, superintendent 
of Joliet Township High School; 309 plants of Winnebago County 
(Illinois) collected by Dr. Egbert W. Fell, of Rockford; and 228 
plants of Florida and Cuba from Dr. E. P. Killip, Research Associate. 

Among accessions in the palm herbarium, one obtained in 
Paraguay by Dr. Klare S. Markley of the Institute of Interamerican 
Affairs (now Foreign Operations Administration) merits special 
mention. It consists of excellent dried and preserved material of all 
stages of the wax-yielding palm Copernicia australis Beccari as well as 
viable seed and photographs. This collection arrived at the Museum 
by way of Racine, Wisconsin, and was supplemented by certain 
selected items obtained by Dr. E. S. McLoud and E. D. Kitzke of 
the research staff of S. C. Johnson and Son, Incorporated, on visits 
made by them to Paraguay during the time of Dr. Markley's 
assignment there. This accession is an important addition to the 
Museum's large representation of the many species of Copernicia. 

Among valuable accessions received through exchange are 779 
plants, mostly of Africa, Asia, and other parts of the Old World 
tropics, from the British Museum (Natural History); 457 plants, 
principally of South America and the Pacific islands, from the 
United States National Museum; 567 plants of Arkansas and 
Missouri from the University of Arkansas; and 236 plants of Hon- 
duras and British Honduras from Escuela Agricola Panamericana. 

47 



The most significant additions (by purchase) of plants from coun- 
tries not well represented in the Museum's collection include 658 
plants of Australia collected by Professor B. Kaspiew and 320 plants 
of Pakistan from Professor E. Nasir of Gordon College. To augment 
the Museum's Mexican collection, a set of 1,648 plants of Mexico 
was purchased from Associate Carlson. A valuable series of 1,310 
photographs of Schott's original drawings of Araceae was purchased. 

Noteworthy accessions of the cryptogamic herbarium are gifts 
of 892 algae from Dr. Herbert Habeeb, of Grand Falls, New Bruns- 
wick, and 428 algae from Dr. Chester S. Nielsen, of Florida State 
University. A collection of 540 fungi was received in exchange with 
the Herbarium of the University of California. 

The effort to make the Museum's holdings of woods more in- 
clusive resulted in the addition through exchange and by gift of 
556 specimens representing about 500 species from the United 
States, South America, Spain, Spanish Guinea, Union of South 
Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Mozambique, and New Zealand. One 
of the finest collections received, 122 hand-samples of North Borneo 
timbers, was presented by the Conservator of Forests, Sandakan, 
North Borneo. The seed collection was increased by the incorpora- 




M 




















48 



tion of numerous samples, chiefly of agricultural legumes, received 
as gifts or in exchange. Chief among these are 101 samples received 
from the Division of Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and 
Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia; 115 samples 
from Institut fiir Kulturpflanzenforschung der Deutschen Aka- 
demie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, East Germany; and 41 samples 
from the Repartigao Central dos Servif o de Agricultura, Angola. 



Care of the Collections— Botany 

During the year 11,641 plants were mounted or remounted and 
added to the phanerogamic herbarium. Mounting and poisoning 
was done by Miss Olive Doig, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, and Nils 
Siegbahn, assisted by Robert Yule and, for part of the year, by Mrs. 
Abigail Peck and Miss Virginia Hoglund, by Miss Jane Black and 
Michael Levandowsky of Antioch College, and by Miss Dorothy 
Ramm of Swarthmore College. Mrs. Effie M. Schugman and Miss 
Alice Middleton mounted 10,283 cryptogamic specimens and pre- 
pared them for filing. Reorganization of the wood collection was 
completed in November with the assistance of Mrs. Ann Bigelow. 
Now, for the first time in the history of the collection, a single 
alphabetical arrangement of specimens by families and genera 
corresponding to that of the phanerogamic herbarium has been 
achieved. A list of duplicate woods, comprising about 1,000 species, 
was prepared for distribution, and processing of the extensive Jos^ 
Cuatrecasas Collection of Colombian woods was begun in November. 
During the year a total of 339 wood specimens was prepared and 
sent out in exchange. Work on restoration of the type-photograph 
collection was continued by Assistant J. S. Daston. Mrs. Lenore 
B. Warner, who continued cataloguing and filing photographic 
negatives, positives, and prints, handled all orders for prints sold or 
sent in exchange. Six Girl Scouts from Downers Grove, Illinois, 
finished mounting plants under the direction of Miss Doig as part 
of their training for the award of "Museum Aide" merit badges. 



These drawings, executed by Artist'Preparator Samuel H. Grove, Jr., of dorsal 
and ventral views of seeds (enlarged) of Veronica hederaefolia (left) and Wulfenia 
amherstiana (right), are typical of the illustrative material in studies of the gross 
morphology of various seeds by Curator John W. Thieret published in ^^Lloydia." 

49 



Department of Geology 



Research and Expeditions 

The Mecca project — study at the Museum of the fossil content of 
a shale occurring near Mecca, Indiana, to determine the nature of 
the animal community and its changing environment during the 
advance of a Coal Age sea across a forested lowland — continued 
to occupy most of the research time of Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator 
of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of 
Fossil Invertebrates (see Annual Report, 1954, page 49). In April, 
aided by a research grant from the Geological Society of America, 
they spent two additional weeks in the Mecca locality preparing 
a geologic map and detailed stratigraphic correlations. In this work 
they had again the assistance of Peter Garrison, Antioch College 
student. Besides mapping and charting, they collected many fine 
fossil specimens from a commercial fire-clay pit near Montezuma, 
Indiana. These fossils show that the Mecca Quarry fauna of sharks 
and primitive armored fishes extends geographically for at least 
six and a half miles, although at Montezuma it occupies a much 
thinner band of the black shale. Thus it is possible to describe 
geographic and environmental differences on the margin of the 
great inland sea of the Coal Age. 

Several of the fossils from Mecca Quarry and the Montezuma 
clay pit were X-rayed, and Curator Zangerl has carefully prepared 
one specimen of a small nearly intact shark. Preliminary exami- 
nation of these fossils shows that they will be of considerable interest 
as objects of paleontological study. However, it is necessary to 
complete the cleaving and charting of the quarry shale and its 
content before studying the specimens. Miss Janet Bowman and 
Miss Robin Rothman, Antioch College students, assisted in the 
cleaving and charting of the shale and its content, and at the year's 
end this phase of the work of the Mecca project was about 85 per 
cent completed. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, completed 
a manuscript on the habitat of early vertebrates, basing his con- 
clusions largely on the manner of occurrence and on associated 
fossils. Data for this paper were accumulated over a number of 
years from the literature of the subject, from study of our Museum 
collections, and during visits to a large number of fossil localities 
in the United States, Canada, and Europe. More recently he has 
been engaged in a study of the arthrodires, a group of armored fishes 

50 



LAND ELEVATIONS 

AND 

OCEAN DEPTHS 





^^^ 



This is part of the physical map of the world showing land elevations and ocean 
depths — one of the exhibits in the reinstalled Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). 



that was dominant during the Devonian period. This project will 
include the description of the excellently preserved specimens col- 
lected by Museum expeditions conducted in Utah in 1949 and 1950. 
Until his resignation in June, Bryan Patterson, Curator of Fossil 
Mammals, who was a senior member of the Department of Geology, 
worked on a paper entitled "The Fossil Rheidae" and prepared 
a report on the current states of evolutionary theory for a conference 
in New York on the evolution of behavior. William D. Turnbull, 
Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, continued his study of the 
masticatory apparatus of mammals, a subject that will require pro- 
longed investigation before he is able to make a definite contribution. 
He wrote a descriptive note on a Late Cretaceous mammal from 
the Lance formation of Wyoming. 

Accompanied by Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Whitfield, both Associates 
in the Division of Fossil Plants, George Langford, Curator of Fossil 
Plants, made several weekend trips to the Pennsylvanian deposits 
west of Wilmington, Illinois, and collected several hundred fossil 
plant-specimens for the Museum's study collections. With Orville 



51 



L, Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils, he made a large collection of 
well-preserved Upper Cretaceous plants from the Ripley in Ten- 
nessee and the Tuscaloosa in Alabama. It was Curator Langford's 
first experience with the Tuscaloosa that underlies the Ripley. 
Because all of the specimens are in clay, it was necessary to harden 
the matrix with a coat of dextrin thinned with water. This process 
of hardening, simple and inexpensive as it is, seems to keep friable 
specimens intact indefinitely. When not otherwise engaged Lang- 
ford was busy preparing a handbook containing brief descriptions 
and illustrations of about 250 known species of Pennsylvanian 
plants from the Wilmington region. It is hoped that the book, 
which is adapted to the layman's point of view, will meet the 
growing demand of many interested nonspecialists for information 
about fossil plants. 

Robert K. Wyant, Curator of Economic Geology, on leave 
of absence after October 1, made a metallographic and qualitative 
chemical examination of troilite of the Canyon Diablo meteorite 
and determined the size of troilite masses in the Holbrook meteorite. 
Other phases of his work on meteorites consisted of studies con- 
cerning the compositional differences between the light and dark 
materials of the Walters and the Paragould meteorites, petrographic 
examination of the Juvinas, Stannern, and Pantar meteorites, and 
preparation of a number of microphotographs from thin sections of 
these meteorites. In the chemical laboratory he made quantitative 
analyses of two specimens of lava, old and new, from Izalco, a vol- 
cano in El Salvador, and calculated the feldspar composition from 
the analyses. More recently he revised a paper "Statistical Analysis 
of Geochemical Data" and rechecked his manuscript "The Role of 
Stylolites in Carbonate Metasomatism." He also calculated the 
sodium potassium ratios from 298 analyses of limestone and related 
carbonate rocks. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, devoted the 
greater part of his time to duties connected with completing re- 
installation of the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). In the field 
of research he continued his study of meteorites and volcanoes of 
Central America and, in joint authorship with Curator Wyant, 
published a paper on the Paragould meteroite. A good part of his 
paper deals with cosmic metamorphism, a feature that is more 
pronounced and more readily seen in the Paragould meteorite than 
in any other aerolite hitherto described. Other papers in preparation 
during the year are "The Present Status of the Volcanoes of El 
Salvador," "Spheroids in Volcanic Ash," and "1955 Eruption of Vol- 
can Izalco in El Salvador." Most of the material and data for these 

52 




An active volcanic region is shown in this diorama, one of four unique dioramas 
that occupy the center of the newly reinstalled Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). 



papers were collected by Chief Curator Roy while he was engaged 
in field work in El Salvador and Nicaragua during late spring and 
summer of this year. For hearty co-operation and for the use of 
facilities to carry on field and laboratory studies, we once again 
extend our thanks to the Director and other members of the staff 
of Instituto Tropical, San Salvador. Our appreciation for rendering 
cordial and effective aid to facilitate field work is also given to 
D. M. Spencer and his colleague Mr. Kettle of India Gold Mining 
Company, Nicaragua. Besides his present studies of volcanoes 
Chief Curator Roy continued his collaboration with Dr. Ortrud 
Dieterichs of Instituto Tropical in preparing an English translation 
of Karl Sapper's Los Volcanes de la America Central, a book that, 
although a little out of date and written from a geographer's point 
of view, is still regarded as a valuable contribution on the subject of 
Central American volcanoes. 

53 



Accessions— Geology 

A valuable addition to the Museum's collection of fossil plants is 
the series of selected Pennsylvanian plants received as a gift from the 
University of Chicago. Miss Nancy Robertson, of Chicago, pre- 
sented a large set of fossil invertebrates that she had collected from 
Thornton Quarry and other localities in the Chicago area. The col- 
lection includes at least one new species, a small conularid represented 
by four fine specimens. An unusually fine specimen of a fossil 
insect-wing of the extinct order Palaeodictyotera was acquired from 
Troop 70, Boy Scouts of America, Oak Plain Council, Gages Lake, 
Illinois. The specimen was collected near Coal City, Illinois. 
Dr. and Mrs. Whitfield, Associates, gave a very good specimen 
of Lepidoderma mazonense, a small fossil eurypterid, or "sea scor- 
pion," from the strip mines in the Braidwood area (Illinois), the 
only specimen of this species in our collection. 



Care of the Collections— Geology 

David Techter, who joined the staff during the summer as Assistant, 
has made notable progress in cataloguing both the fossil vertebrates 
and the fossil invertebrates. With the assistance of Miss Shirley 
Hale, Antioch College student, he completed cataloguing the gastro- 
pods and clams from the Harvey Collection of European fossil in- 
vertebrates, and he also catalogued the large collection donated by 
Miss Nancy Robertson (see above). The reptiles, mammals, and 
amphibians of the extensive Walker Museum Collection have been 
put in order and completely integrated with our collections; re- 
maining is a large block of Paleozoic fishes. From references to 
Walker Museum specimens in the literature on vertebrates numerous 
figured specimens, including five types, were recognized, and the 
references were filed as adjuncts to cataloguing and to care of the 
collections. Curator Langford arranged the Wilmington Penn- 
sylvanian collection for greater accessibility, and while so doing 
he checked old identifications and named a number of unidentified 
specimens. Upon completing reinstallation of the Hall of Physical 
Geology (Hall 34) Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, and 
Preparators Henry Horback and Henry U. Taylor undertook 
rearrangement of the physical-geology and lithology collections and 
checking the specimens against records and catalogue cards. This 
work has been continuing since October, but it will be some time 
before the specimens can be integrated into the study collections. 

54 



Exhibits— Geology 

Reinstallation of the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34) was com- 
pleted as scheduled, and the hall was opened to the public in October. 
By use of selected specimens and up-to-date methods of exhibition 
it has been possible to present to the public the principles of geology 
hitherto neglected in exhibits illustrating physical geology. An 
attempt has been made to answer geologic questions simply and, 
whenever possible, graphically. Hall 34 now contains thirty-six 
exhibits, twelve of which are devoted to the study of rocks. The 
other exhibits show the origin, structure, and age of the earth and 
the work of terrestrial agents that continually change its face. 
Outstanding are four dioramas — a valley glacier, a limestone cave, 
an active volcanic region, and the Grand Canyon of the Colorado. 
These subjects were selected as typical examples of the results of 
interplay of the leading geologic processes of external and internal 
origin. The dioramas, which were ably prepared by George Mar- 
chand, sculptor-artist of Ebenezer, New York, occupy the center of 
the hall and add much to the interest of the exhibition. In three of 
the dioramas automatic lighting simulates the changes in light that 
occur with the changing time of day. 

On the walls of the corridor between Halls 34 and 35 five exhibits 
showing rocks and geologic history of the Chicago region have been 
installed. It is hoped that these exhibits will provide most of the 
answers to questions about our local geology. Considerable progress 
was made during the year by maintenance personnel in modernizing 
the Hall of Meteorites and Minerals (Hall 35), and installation of 
exhibition material has already begun in the west half of the hall. 
The hall's first exhibit, dealing with the attending phenomena and 
the circumstances of the fall of the Benld meteorite in Benld, 
Illinois, in 1938, was completed at the close of the year. The hall 
will house forty-four exhibits, eleven of which will be devoted to 
meteorites and thirty-three to a systematic arrangement of minerals. 

An exhibit of taconite, a low-grade iron ore that is assuming 
greater importance in our economy because of depleted supplies of 
the high-grade ore hematite, was installed in the Hall of Economic 
Geology (Hall 36). The exhibit includes specimens, a map of known 
deposits, and a chart illustrating present-day methods of processing 
taconite for use as a commercial ore. 

Almost every exhibit installed during the year includes appro- 
priate oil paintings by Miss Maidi Wiebe, Artist in the Department 
of Geology, whose work has enhanced the attractiveness of the 
exhibits and added much to the clearness of the subject-matter. 

55 



Finally, the successful completion of Hall 34 is almost entirely the 
result of the devoted work of Curator of Exhibits Changnon and 
Preparators Horback and Taylor, who spared no efforts to make 
each exhibit as understandable and as pleasing as possible. 

The major effort of the staff of the paleontology laboratories has 
been the preparation of the large dinosaur exhibit that is to be 
installed in Stanley Field Hall. The skeleton of Lambeosaurus has 
been chiseled out of the matrix and put on permanent bases ready 
to be moved to the final installation, and the skeleton of Gorgo- 
saurus, which has been completely reinforced with a steel armature, 
needs only the finishing touches. Chief Preparator Gilpin, who is 
being aided by Preparators Stanley Kuczek and Cameron E. Gifford 
and by Assistant Curator Turnbull, is largely responsible for the 
preparation of the skeletons. It is anticipated that the installation 
of the exhibit will be completed by the end of March, 1956. 



In a paleontology workroom preparators take the measurements for the base of the 
dinosaur exhibit that will be installed in Stanley Field Hall (here are shown the 
partially mounted skeleton of Gorgosaurus, upright, and Lambeosaurus, prone). 




56 



Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

Early in the year Mr. and Mrs. Gerd H. Heinrich, of Dryden, Maine, 
completed their zoological collecting in Angola and terminated the 
Museum expedition there financed from the Conover Game-Bird 
Fund. The last of their collections of birds, mammals, amphibians, 
and reptiles was received in July. The most important novelties 
found to this date in their collections have been a new species of 
thrush and, recovered from the stomach of a goshawk, a new species 
of lizard. It is particularly gratifying to note the outstanding 
results of the Conover Angola Expedition. The Conover Game- 
Bird Fund was established by the late Boardman Conover, Trustee 
of the Museum and Research Associate in the Division of Birds. 
The original $50,000 has been considerably augmented by receipts 
from the sale of certain duplicate material in the Conover Library 
and by gifts in his memory by Mr. Conover's family and friends. 
Building up the collections and furthering research are the stated 
objectives of the fund, which his foresight and generosity created. 

Celestino Kalinowski, of Cuzco, former Assistant Taxidermist, 
made a successful collecting trip to the Rio Madre de Dios territory 
of southeastern Peru for birds and mammals. Harry Hoogstraal, 
Field Associate, has continued to operate from his base in Cairo, 
Egypt, and his contributions have continued to enrich several study 
collections, notably those of mammals and insects. D. S. Rabor, 
Field Associate, of Silliman University, Dumaguete, Negros, Philip- 
pine Islands, made a field trip to Bohol in the Philippines where he 
secured an exceptionally fine collection of the birds of that island for 
our study collections. 

In the Division of Mammals Curator Colin Campbell Sanborn 
completed for publication a key to the bats of Egypt and continued 
with preparation of a catalogue of the bats of the world before he 
was stricken with illness in early spring that forced his retirement at 
the end of the year, when he was replaced as Curator by Associate 
Curator Philip Hershkovitz. Monographic work by Hershkovitz on 
the phyllotine group of South American rodents is nearing comple- 
tion. Associate Luis de la Torre continued research on American 
bats and also on the mammals of Guatemala. 

The work of the Division of Birds included systematic studies of 
birds of Africa and the Philippines by Chief Curator (since July) 
Austin L. Rand and of Central and South America by Curator 

57 



(since July) Emmet R. Blake. A report by Curator Blake on a col- 
lection of birds from Chiriqui Volcano, Panama, is nearing com- 
pletion. A report on all the birds collected in Nepal by Field Associ- 
ate Robert L. Fleming during his visits and mission work there was 
completed by Chief Curator Rand and Dr. Fleming. In addition, 
Dr. Rand completed a manuscript on the African bulbuls and on 
the shrike-like vangas of Madagascar and began the section on true 
shrikes for the continuation of Peters' Check-list of Birds of the 
World to be published by Harvard University. He also prepared 
a short paper on the ecological relationships between house sparrows, 
man, and domestic animals, which is now in press. As part of the 
Museum's co-operative undertaking with the University of El 
Salvador, the university brought out a manual of the birds of 
El Salvador written by Dr. Rand and Research Associate Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr. Stray Feathers from a Bird Man's Desk, a popular book 
by the Chief Curator, was published by Doubleday and Company. 
Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, continued to assist in sorting and 
making preliminary identifications of various collections. 

Research activities in the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles 
have centered on the amphibians of the Belgian Congo. The pre- 
liminary work of sorting and identifying, no mean task when seventy 
thousand specimens are involved, is complete, and Curator Emeritus 
Karl P. Schmidt (Chief Curator until July) and Curator Robert F. 
Inger are now preparing a manuscript on this enormous collection. 
Dr. Schmidt has also completed a study of the crocodilians of the 
Philippines and Australia and has continued a study of American 
coral snakes. He prepared for the National Academy of Sciences 
a memoir of his long-time friend and collaborator, the late Dr. W. C. 
Allee, and, with Assistant Hymen Marx, completed a report on 
reptiles and amphibians from Jebel Elba, a mountain in southeastern 
Egypt. Assistant Marx also did taxonomic work on reptiles of 
Africa. Curator Inger completed a study of certain frogs of Africa 
and has begun the laborious analysis of the stomach contents of 
approximately five thousand frogs from the Congo collection, a proj- 
ect supported by a grant from the Institut des Pares Nationaux 
du Congo Beige. Investigation of the reproductive cycle of Congo 
frogs, begun last year by Curator Inger and Dr. Bernard Greenberg, 
of Roosevelt University, has been completed. 

In the Division of Fishes, Curator Loren P. Woods continued 
to study marine fishes of the Gulf of Mexico and of Central America, 
and from December, 1954, to February, 1955, he made extensive 
collections of fishes in western Mexico. Miss Pearl Sonoda, Assist- 
ant, collected fishes while studying at Hopkins Marine Laboratory, 

58 




Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, unwraps small skate (nurse shark and ringed 
puffers in foreground) collected in Mexican waters — specimens are preserved in 
formalin, wrapped in cheesecloth, and packed in milk cans for shipment to Museum. 



Pacific Grove, California. Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, who has 
continued her studies of deep-water fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, 
revised her check-list of fishes known to occur at depths greater than 
2,000 meters and this is now in press. Dr. Edward M. Nelson, 
Associate, continued studies of the anatomy of the swim bladder 
and inner ear of fishes. 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, continued his studies of 
beetles and wrote a paper on the histerid beetles of New Cale- 
donia. To further his work he visited the United States National 
Museum in Washington, D.C., Cornell University, and the National 
Museum of Canada in Ottawa. Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas, 
in the course of his studies on beetles, completed a paper on the 
termite-loving species of the New World tropics. Another paper, 
dealing with the ptiliid beetles that occur in holes in trees, is being 

59 



prepared for use of investigators in an Oak Ridge National Labora- 
tory ecological project. Accompanied by Research Associate Alex 
K. Wyatt, he made a three-week field trip in southeastern United 
States to collect the minute insects and other arthropods that live 
in decaying debris, such as forest-floor litter. Special insect-funnels 
for separating the insects from the litter were used in the field, where 
possible, but additional material was brought back to the Museum 
for processing here. Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate, continued her 
studies of spiders. 

The Curator of Lower Invertebrates, Dr. Fritz Haas, spent most 
of his time in classifying various collections that have been received. 
Especially important among these are the little landsnails collected 
by Dr. P. Wagenaar Hummelinck of Leiden, Netherlands, during 
his trips to Dutch Guiana and the Lesser Antilles. A number of 
short papers were prepared. 

In the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, Curator D. Dwight 
Davis completed a study of the mechanics and evolution of the 
ankle joint in carnivorous mammals and continued work on his 
report on Borneo mammals begun in 1951. With Dr. Waldemar 
Meister, Associate, he completed a study of placentations in the 
pigmy tree-shrew. Associate Meister also prepared a paper on his 
studies of the histological changes in the long bones of white-tailed 
deer during antler growth, and this has been accepted for pub- 
lication by the Anatomical Record. Dr. Schmidt, Curator Davis, 
and Assistant Marx conducted field studies of life in the Sonora 
desert of northern Mexico and in Arizona. Dr. R. M. Strong, 
Research Associate, has been much occupied with conservation 
matters in the Chicago region, but he has also continued various 
phases of his anatomical studies. 

Mrs. Sophie A. Kalinowski, Osteologist, prepared skeletons of 
animals for the anatomy collection and skulls of mammals for the 
mammal study-collection. Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant in the 
Department of Zoology, continued the filing and indexing of the 
departmental photographic prints and took care of the many re- 
quests both from other institutions and from individuals for pictures. 



Looking over the Knirsch'Brancsik Collection of beetles as it is being unpacked 
after shipment from Vienna are (left to right) Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of 
Insects, Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects, and Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, 
Director. This accession of more than 100,000 insects is described on page 64. 

60 




61 



Care of the Collections— Zoology 

Many of the zoological collections require continuing care to guard 
against the ravages of insect pests and of time. This necessitates 
fumigation and checking for protection from dust or against the 
evaporation of the fluid in which they may be preserved. With 
continued addition of new material, which is processed, studied, and 
incorporated into the permanent files of study material, the col- 
lections grow. This growth, which cannot be precisely predicted, 
is often uneven, and therefore rearrangement and integration is 
always going on. These are the daily tasks of "housekeeping" that 
comprise time-consuming routine of all the divisions. This year 
we had the help of Miss Carolyn Reusch and Miss Nancy Wilson, 
Antioch College students. 

A reorganization of the Museum's collection of apes, monkeys, 
and their relatives was made, and Tanner Dominick Villa continued 
his cleaning and mothproofing of large mammal-skins. The pur- 
chase of fifty new steel cases provides the Division of Birds with 
space that should be adequate for expansion for many years. The 
rearrangement of the bird collections, begun in 1954, was continued 
with the help of a summer assistant, Jay Schnell, and a summer 
volunteer. Miss Eleanor Dixon. Every family of birds has been 
moved to its proper position, with expansion space provided, and 
hummingbirds and some other groups of very small species were 
arranged in assorted shallow cardboard trays within the standard 
wooden case-drawers. The collection of bird nests was brought 
together from various storage places in the Museum and filed in 
a systematic sequence in six standard old-style metal cases for easy 
reference. Assistant Marx separated the type specimens, on which 
new forms have been based, from the general collection of amphib- 
ians and reptiles and has filed them in a special alcove. 

Assistant August Ziemer spent much time during the year 
pinning and preparing the balance of the insects collected by the 
Phillipines Zoological Expedition of 1946-47. Curator Emeritus 
William J. Gerhard continued to collate his Hemiptera collection 
(donated by him in 1954 to the Museum) with the rest of the 
Museum's collections of that group, and he also prepared pamphlets 
for the files. Research Associate Wyatt spent considerable time in 
transferring the McElhose Collection of Lepidoptera into the Mu- 
seum's collections. Miss Mary Ann Ploog, a special summer assist- 
ant, prepared many thousands of unpinned histerid beetles for 
study. Research Associate Charles H. Seevers continued his valu- 
able work of collating our large collections of staphylinid beetles. 

62 



Exhibits— Zoology 

Three new exhibits of birds, prepared by Taxidermist Carl W. 
Cotton, were installed this year: two showing songbird families in 
the synoptic series of birds of the world in Boardman Conover Hall 
(Hall 21, Birds in Systematic Arrangement) and one displaying 
seven colorful hummingbirds, on which spotlights flash to show 
their iridescence, in Hall 20 (Habitat Groups of Birds). An exhibit 
of ptarmigan, showing summer and winter plumage, is nearing 
completion. Artist Joseph B. Krstolich is preparing an exhibit 
that is designed to explain adaptions in birds' feet, and Taxidermist 
Cotton is starting an exhibit of woodpeckers and their relatives for 
the synoptic series of birds of the world. Taxidermist Ronald J. 
Lambert completed and installed an exhibit of boas and pythons in 
Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects) 
and is finishing one on biology of alligators, crocodiles, and gavials. 



Accessions— Zoology 

Among the important gifts of the year are the collections of 90 
mammals, 13 birds, 346 reptiles and amphibians, 198 insects, and 
208 landshells from Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon donated by the Iraq- 
Jarmo Archaeological Expedition (1954-55) of the Oriental Institute 
and the University of Chicago. Dr. Charles A. Reed, of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, who had charge of the zoological field work, is 
interested in the roles of animals in the cultures of early man in the 
region and therefore collected present-day animals for comparison 
with archeological finds. This collection includes such rare or van- 
ishing animals of the area as wild goat, wild sheep, and wild pig. 

Important accessions of birds include 1,935 specimens from the 
Conover Angola Expedition, 66 specimens purchased from Dr. 
Walter Hoesch in South West Africa, 50 specimens through exchange 
with the National Museum of the Philippines, and 307 birds of 
Japan and Korea presented by Jack T. Moyer, of Hamilton, New 
York. The Division of Amphibians and Reptiles has actively 
pursued a program of exchange resulting in the additions of many 
species to the collection. Noteworthy among these was a collection 
from Hebrew University, Jerusalem, of 54 species of reptiles and 
amphibians of Palestine representing almost all the species of the 
area. Another notable accession was a collection of 503 specimens 
from southern Brazil given by Dr. William W. Milstead, of Alpine, 
Texas. As in previous years, important specimens of deep-sea fishes 

63 



from the Gulf of Mexico were received from the United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service. A gift of 27 species of fish of Malaya was 
received from Dr. John R. Hendrickson, of University of Malaya, 
Singapore. An important collection of local fishes donated by 
Miss Margaret G. Bradbury, former Artist in the Department of 
Zoology, consists of 8,588 identified specimens from the Chicago 
area and includes almost all the species of stream fishes found in 
northeastern Illinois.* 

The major accession of insects for the year was the Knirsch- 
Brancsik Collection, containing more than 100,000 beetles, which 
was acquired by purchase from the estate of Dr. Eduard Knirsch, 
a Viennese dentist and well-known amateur coleopterist. Actually, 
two collections were acquired. One, the Knirsch collection of 
palearctic beetles, will be the only extensive general collection of 
European and Middle-East beetles in a North American museum. 
It will be particularly valuable to students of the North American 




64 



fauna because such a large number of our American genera are 
based upon European species. The other collection, a world-wide 
collection of beetles, was formed by a well-known coleopterist. 
Dr. Karl Brancsik. His collection passed to Knirsch, who kept it 
and maintained it essentially intact until it was acquired by Chicago 
Natural History Museum. Other important accessions are the 
Cottle Collection of butterflies and moths, containing 4,400 speci- 
mens, acquired by purchase from E. R. Leach of Piedmont, Cali- 
fornia; 835 ectoparasites collected from mammals of Africa by 
Gerd H. Heinrich on the Conover Angola Zoological Expedition 
(1954-55); a lot of 2,744 staphylinid beetles, consisting of 2,100 
species mostly represented by co-types or paratypes, selected by 
Dr. Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, from the collections 
of the British Museum (Natural History) and received by Chicago 
Natural History Museum in open exchange; and more than 3,000 
insects from Borneo and Sumatra, collected and presented by 
Roland von Hen tig, a University of Chicago student who accom- 
panied an expedition from the University of Indonesia. 

Among the accessions of mollusks and remaining lower inverte- 
brates, several are of special importance and scientific value. Dr. 
Harald Sioli, of Manaus, Brazil, again this year sent some highly 
interesting nonmarine shells from the lower Amazon basin. Dr. and 
Mrs. Henry Field, of Coconut Grove, Florida, made valuable con- 
tributions of marine shells collected, either by themselves or by an 
interested layman mediator, in the Persian Gulf and on the shores 
of Pakistan. From Dr. Wolfgang Weyrauch, of Lima, Peru, the 
Museum again bought rare landshells, thus adding considerably to 
our already rich collection of Peruvian species. An important 
accession in the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy during the year 
is the skeleton of a 65-foot baleen whale, a gift from the Wistar 
Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia. This skeleton 
will be mounted to replace the 45-foot skeleton of a right whale 
that is now exhibited in Hall 19 (Skeletons of Vertebrate Animals). 



Twenty years ago the British herpetologist H. W. Parker found a little ground 
lizard that he could not identify in a small collection from Mount Moco, Angola. 
In intervening years no human collector has caught this species, but a chanting 
goshawk (Melierax metabates), brought down at Mount Moco in 1951 by the 
Conover Angola Expedition, had four of these lizards in its crop. The lizard is 
being named as a new species by Hymen Marx, Assistant in Division of Reptiles. 

65 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

Despite the complexity of problems incident to the recataloguing of 
a great research library while serving the current needs of an active 
scientific staff for the most recent literature in many fields of study, 
progress continues to be made both in recataloguing and in com- 
pleteness of coverage. A dedicated Library staff working har- 
moniously under the energetic leadership of Mrs. Meta P. Howell, 
Librarian, has found solutions for problems as they occurred and has 
reduced burdensome detail to routine. The cataloguing of our 
extensive collection of Chinese literature by Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt 
and Dr. Hoshien Tchen, with the substantial assistance of Curator 
M. Kenneth Starr of the Department of Anthropology, is but one 
example of this co-operation. 

The magnitude of research programs in many parts of the world 
is evidenced by the volume of published reports issued by scientific 
societies and research centers. The accelerated acquisition of this 
literature by the Library has been taken in stride. At the close of 
the year 3,689 volumes had been added to the collection, exclusive 
of new acquisitions in the East Asian Collection, as compared to 
2,048 for the preceding year. Total withdrawals for the year 
amounted to 2,643 volumes, representing unneeded duplicates and 
other literature irrelevant to the collection. Serials continue to 
form the backbone of the acquisitions. The greater portion of the 
serial literature is received through the extensive network of the 
exchange system both here and abroad. At the important cross- 
roads of the world stand institutes, foundations, associations, 
societies, and other bodies that are conducting research, and exchange 
of publications with them is an effective way to bring the results of 
scientific achievement to allied and interested institutions. During 
the year 6,872 such serials were received and recorded on the Kardex. 
The total number of incoming items, exclusive of books, totaled 
12,489 (see a selected list of books and serials on page 106). 

Interlibrary-loan figures, including books borrowed and lent, 
totaled 255, a figure that does not include the growing number of 
requests filled by the provision of photostats and microfilms. Grate- 
ful acknowledgment is made to all libraries that participated in 
this service. The binding, repair, and rehabilitation of volumes 
during the year exceeded the record set in the preceding year by 
875 volumes. At the close of the year 2,149 volumes had been given 
attention as compared with the previous figure of 1,274 volumes. 
Of this number 1,029 volumes were prepared for the commercial 
bindery and 1,120 volumes (an amazingly high number) were 



repaired in the Library at a considerable saving in binding expense. 
The reference department reports that 1,911 volumes were used by- 
readers in the reading room, but no accurate statement can be made 
on the use of the Library by Museum staff members because of the 
open shelves and the distribution of books in departmental and 
divisional libraries. The Library was called upon to translate into 
English general correspondence in other languages received in the 
Museum as well as articles in foreign journals. This year 211 such 
miscellaneous items were translated. 

One of the most important functions of a science library is the 
proper description of its holdings so that its readers may make 
effective use of this literature without delay. During the year 
1,208 major articles and monographs were analyzed, and 2,688 
volumes, represented by 9,509 cards, were added to the catalogue. 
As a part of the Library's project of reclassification, special attention 
was given during the year to a survey of serials still remaining under 
the former system of classification, and a systematic effort is being 
made to enter under the Library of Congress scheme those periodi- 
cals most frequently consulted. Accordingly, 1,525 volumes of these 
were processed and relabeled this year. 

Following the excellent beginning made in 1954 in cataloguing 
the Far Eastern Collection, a revised classification scheme has been 
drawn up that permits the material in this field to be incorporated 
into the general shelf -list (the inventory of the Library's holdings). 
This has been accomplished by fitting an adaptation of the system 
used at the Harvard-Yenching Institute into the appropriate sec- 
tions of the Library of Congress schedules. The catalogue of the 
Far Eastern Division now contains completely catalogued entries 
representing new acquisitions and author cards for titles in Oriental 
languages from the Berthold Laufer Collection. 

In addition to continuing his work on the cataloguing of the 
Berthold Laufer Collection of Chinese and Japanese books and maps. 
Dr. Tchen prepared the numerous new acquisitions published in 
the Far Eastern languages. About four hundred titles were cata- 
logued this year, consisting of more than four thousand volumes. 
In his careful study and examination of the Berthold Laufer Col- 
lection Dr. Tchen has occasionally found volumes that now are 
exceedingly rare, some of which constitute important reference 
works. For example, some works published during the Ming 
Dynasty (1368-1644) include an important work on the geography 
of China, published in 38 volumes in 1461, a dictionary of Chinese 
characters published in 1598, and other volumes on Chinese geog- 
raphy published in 1600 (see page 107 for a selected list of Chinese- 

67 



Japanese accessions). Many books of the early Ch'ing Dynasty 
(1644-1911) include fine wood-block editions. Included also are 
several large and outstanding reprinted collections, among which 
are contained selected works by famous authors representing the 
various Chinese dynasties. Some of the collections contain more 
than 300 volumes. Included is a colossal edition (printed in 1728) 
of a Chinese classified encyclopedia comprising 1,620 volumes. The 
East Asian Collection also includes Chinese and Japanese works 
in which are rich and fine reproductions of bronzes, porcelains, jades, 
painting, and calligraphy. Most of these are dated to the later 
Ch'ing period and the period of the Chinese Republic. These titles 
are rare today and very useful for reference and research. 

In addition to cataloguing and classification, other steps in the 
organization of the collection include arrangement, binding of 
materials, recording of serials, and maintenance of the catalogues, 
both general and departmental. Upon rearrangement of the shelves 
it was discovered that many volumes that formed a part of the 
original Berthold Laufer Collection as a whole (not housed in the 
East Asian Library) had been shelved without benefit of cata- 
loguing. This represented a serious situation, for material already 
in this collection might have been duplicated in new orders because 
the volumes were not represented in the shelf-list or in the card 
catalogue. In order to avoid duplication three thousand author and 
title cards were made and filed in a separate card-file. The volumes 
include some four hundred titles in Russian, which have been trans- 
lated into English. These many volumes now need to be classified 
because this temporary file is solely for ready reference to avoid 
duplication of orders. 

The Library this year was the extremely fortunate recipient 
of 164 titles (2,015 volumes) representing basic reference works 
needed in the taxonomic studies and research conducted in the 
Museum on its study-collections of specimens. These volumes were 
transferred on a permanent-loan basis from John Crerar Library 
to the Museum. This extremely important and valuable transfer 
was made possible through the courtesy and co-operation of the 



This is not an octopus but an aquatic flowering plant of family Podostemonaceae: 
its fleshy stems with moss-like leaves attached to the rocks in the swift rapids of 
the lost-world streams in Venezuela are usually submerged, but in the drier season 
the plant sends up inch-high purple stems that bear column-like little buff flowers. 

68 



Board of Trustees of John Crerar Library and Herman H. Henkle, 
Librarian. Our gratitude to the John Crerar Library is deep, not 
only for providing these tools of research but also for its under- 
standing of the Museum's needs in terms of the highly specialized 
work that is being done here. Among other donors are: Tsuen-hsuin 
Tsien, Librarian of the Far Eastern Library of the University of 
Chicago, who gave a miscellaneous collection of Chinese titles for 
the Library's East Asian Collection; the Estate of Ethelwyn Sweet 
Quimby (Mrs. Mabel Quimby Deane, Thomas H. E. Quimby, and 
George L Quimby); Mr. and Mrs. Paul A. Benke, of Chicago, who 
contributed eighteen volumes of books on China; and Luis Angel 
Arango, of Bogota, Colombia, who presented the valuable work 
Orfebreria Prehispanica de Colombia by Jos^ Perez de Barradas 
(2 volumes). Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, now Curator Emeritus of 
Zoology, has continued to augment the collection with many fine 
contributions. Grateful acknowledgement is made to all who con- 
tributed during the year to the Library's collection (see page 105). 




69 



MOTION PICTURES 

During the year a new motion-picture production was started to 
show the techniques involved in assembhng the Gorgosaurus and 
Lambeosaurus skeletons for exhibition (see page 56). Photography 
for this continued at intervals throughout the year and the film will 
be completed for screening next year. Additional footage of a Bary- 
lambda skeleton was taken for the Museum's film "Fossil Hunting." 
Re-editing two Museum films, "To a New Lost World" and "Indians 
Before Columbus," was undertaken, and assistance was given in 
editing a new film "Volcanoes." Footage was taken for television 
shows participated in by Museum staff members, and a list of 
suitable material was catalogued in the Museum Film Library in 
anticipation of increased demands for filmed material. Our film 
library has now on file ninety-three film productions. 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

John Bayalis and Homer V. Holdren of the Division of Photography 
made, during the year, a total of 23,818 negatives, prints, enlarge- 
ments, kodachromes, and lantern slides for the Museum. These 
items serve a wide variety of needs. Photographs are taken to 
record processes and events at the Museum, to illustrate textbooks, 
scientific reports, and other publications, to be reproduced on 
post cards, in newspapers, and in magazines, and for many other 
purposes. Kodachromes are prepared not only for our own lecturers 
but also for sale to other lecturers, educators, and the general 
public. The wide variety of subject-matter and the high degree of 
perfection required in this work present a challenge that is capably 
handled within the Division of Photography. 

E. John Pfiffner, who joined the staff as an illustrator and staff 
artist in July, soon made himself indispensable by his ability to 
handle the widest possible variety of demands for illustrative and 
decorative material with skill, imagination, and dispatch. During 
part of the summer he was assisted by Wendell Hall, a student. 
The usual routine work — maps, labels, drawings for posters, lettering 
— was prepared during the year by the Division of Illustration for 
departments and divisions of the Museum. In addition, design 
layouts for exhibition cases "Protozoans" and "Crocodilians," de- 
tailed drawings of deep-sea fishes and of rodent teeth, a preliminary 
oil-sketch for a mural, and illustrations for two series of Museum 
Stories (Raymond Foundation) were completed. 

70 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Again the Museum's Book Shop achieved new records in sales and 
service. Net sales for the year exceeded $113,000, this being the 
first time that the $100,000 mark has been passed. During the 
latter part of the year, sale of For Pebble Pups packets, consisting 
of a rock-collector's handbook (see page 74) and a collection of 
eighteen identified rock and mineral specimens, accounted for 
a large volume of mail-order sales. This was the result, largely, 
of the co-operation of the William Wrigley Company. In continued 
implementation of Philip K. Wrigley's policy of educational adver- 
tising, the Company selected two of The Book Shop's instructional 
books to be featured in its "New Horizons" advertising series. The 
Museum here records its appreciation to Mr. Wrigley and the 
William Wrigley Company for this continued evidence of co- 
operation between industry and education. 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The primary aims of the Museum are symbolized in a single out- 
standing publicity-picture made in 1955 (see page 20). This photo- 
graph, the work of Homer V. Holdren, one of the Museum's staff 
photographers, expresses without need for explanatory words man's 
thirst for knowledge and the Museum's part in satisfying it. En- 
titled "The Landing of the Explorers," it shows eager small boys and 
girls setting forth in Stanley Field Hall on "expeditions" in many 
directions toward discovery of the secrets of rocks and plants and of 
animals and peoples of the world. The picture first appeared on the 
cover of the Museum's Bulletin for June. A discerning picture- 
editor at the Chicago Daily News saw it, understood its message, 
recognized its pictorial appeal, and reproduced it in that paper in 
almost half-page size to remind more than 600,000 readers that the 
Museum is a place for high adventure and one of Chicago's principal 
attractions for out-of-town visitors. 

The idea of constantly informing the public — and of reminding 
those already informed — was the keynote also of our publicity for 
the reopening of the Hall of Physical Geology (dubbed "Hall of 
the Earth" in the newspapers) and for other notable exhibits placed 
on view on Members' Night in early October. This same basic idea 
underlay some three hundred news releases and pictures and also 
the programs on radio and television that kept the Museum's name 
and accomplishments before the public. 

71 




POISOH IVY 



ri%; 




Mir »« ii ni ii« M > ma i i»»»»w» iwi iititiiu ii iwiiui iiiiw i ii itoi MWM 'rtiii ii ii wi 



Poison ivy and the harmless plants resembling it are very easily identified, as was 
shown by a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall on poison ivy and poison sumac. 



Since anyone anywhere is likely at some time to visit Chicago 
and to come to the Museum while in the city, information service 
to press, radio, and television outlets is maintained on both a national 
and international basis. Thus notable picture layouts and articles 
about the Museum filled pages of magazines in Great Britain and 
Switzerland, and acknowledgment is made here of the splendid 
co-operation extended by two writers in England who have been 
especially friendly to the Museum — Norman B. Ash worth of Chil- 
worth, Surrey, and Michael Lorant of London. The Philadelphia 
Inquirer, which published notable color-pages of Museum exhibits 
in 1954, again devoted two full pages of its Sunday "Colorama" 
section to four of the dioramas of marine invertebrate life of hundreds 
of millions of years ago (Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall, Hall 37) . Collier's, 
in its issue of February 4, devoted six full pages to the story of the 
Museum's halls of Indians in a well-presented article by Martha 
Weinman, illustrated with masterful color-photographs by Arthur 
Lavine (writer and photographer commissioned by the magazine 
especially for this purpose). Newsweek magazine gave prominence 
to a story and pictures on the translations of 4,000-year-old legal, 
business, and school documents on tablets from ancient Mesopo- 
tamia in the Museum's collections. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch 
sent a feature writer to Chicago on special assignment to do a Sunday 
page on our seagoing expedition to Mexican west-coast waters. 

The aforementioned are a few of the most notable recognitions 
by publications elsewhere of the Museum's achievements. The 
bulk of publicity and the most continuous and consistent flow come, 
of course, from Chicago's local press. This comprises not only the 

72 




POISON SUMAC ^I^W if^M 



^^mi^^ 




Poison sumac and the three harmless sumacs of the Chicago region are contrasted 
in this portion of the special botanical exhibit on poison ivy and poison sumac. 



four large metropolitan dailies — Tribune, Sun-Times, Daily News, 
and American — but also several hundred community newspapers, 
foreign-language newspapers, and local magazines published in 
Chicago's diversified neighborhoods and its suburbs. 

The Museum extends its gratitude to the various press services 
whose co-operation contributed greatly to speedy and comprehensive 
distribution of Museum news. These include the City News Bureau 
of Chicago, Associated Press, United Press, International News 
Service, International News Photos, and Science Service. Tele- 
vision and radio media contributed time generously to the Museum. 
Cordial acknowledgment is made to the Mutual Broadcasting 
System and its local stations WON -TV and WON, Columbia 
Broadcasting System with WBBM-TV and WBBM, National 
Broadcasting Company with WNBQ (TV) and WMAQ, and Ameri- 
can Broadcasting Company-Paramount Theatres, Inc., with WBKB 
(TV) and WLS. Among the many independent local radio stations 
that have given generous attention to the Museum on their programs 
are: WFMT, WIND, WJJD, WAIT, WAAF, WFMF, WFJL, 
WEDC, WEAW, WCFL, WSBC, WOPA, WNMP, WLEY, WHIP, 
WHFC, WXRT, WGES, and WMBI. 

The Museum again acknowledges the courtesy, continued for 
many years, of the Chicago Transit Authority, Chicago and North 
Western Railway, Illinois Central System, and Chicago, Aurora and 
Elgin Railroad, which helped promote the success of the Edward E. 
Ayer Lectures for adults and the children's programs offered by 
Raymond Foundation by permitting the display in passenger 
coaches and stations of placards advertising these events. 

73 



PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

Distribution of publications of the Museum through exchange with 
institutions and individuals totaled 12,737 copies for the year. 
Sales included 4,723 copies in the scientific series, 17,929 copies 
in the popular and miscellaneous series, and 27,466 copies of the 
General Guide, a total of 50,118 copies. 

The Museum printed during the year thirty-nine publications 
(twenty-six reprints) in its scientific series, one reprint in its popular 
series, one annual report, and three indexes to volumes. The total 
number of copies printed was 34,079, with a total of 1,999 pages 
of type composition. Twelve numbers of Chicago Natural History 
Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 6,500 copies an issue. 
Other work by letterpress totaled 688,653 impressions. Two series 
of Museum Stories and For Pebble Pups, A Collecting Guide for 
Junior Geologists (see page 29) were printed by vari-type-offset. 

Among publications issued during 1955 are the following: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Collier, Donald 

Cultural Chronology and Change as Reflected in the Ceramics of the Vini Valley, 
Peru, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 43, 226 pages, 73 illustrations 

Gelb, Ignace J. 

Old Akkadian Inscriptions in Chicago Natural History Museum, Texts of 
Legal and Bu^ness Interest, Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 44, no. 2, 180 pages, 
60 illustrations 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Sherff, Earl Edward 

Revision of the Hawaiian Members of the Genus Tetraplasandra A. Gray, 
Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 29, no. 2, 96 pages 

Sw ALLEN, Jason R. 

Flora of Guatemala, Part II: Grasses of Guatemala, Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, 
part 2, 398 pages, 113 illustrations 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Olson, Everett Claire 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 10; Trimerorhachis: Including a Revision of 
Pre-Vale Species, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 21, 50 pages, 15 illustrations 

Roy, Sharat Kumar, and Robert Kriss Wyant 

The Paragould Meteorite, Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 10, no. 23, 22 pages, 
19 illustrations 

Sloan, Robert E. 

The Carboniferous Gastropod Genus Glabrocingulum Thomas, Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 10, no. 22, 7 pages, 5 illustrations 

74 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Haas, Fritz 

On Some Small Collections of Inland Shells from South America, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 34, no. 35, 27 pages, 15 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

A New Species of Thrush from Angola, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 31, 
3 pages 

Three New Bulbuls from Africa (Class Aves), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 
no. 33, 4 pages 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Coral Snakes of the Genus Micruru^ in Colombia, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, 
no. 34, 23 pages, 5 illustrations 

The Truth about Snake Stories, Popular Series, Zoology, no. 10, 23 pages, 
9 illustrations (reprint) 

Strohecker, H. F. 

A New Species of Chondria, With a Key to the Bornean Species (Coleoptera: 
Endomychidae) , Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 34, no. 32, 2 pages, 1 illustration 

Various Authors 

Karl Patterson Schmidt Anniversary Volume, In Honor of His Sixty-fifth 
Birthday, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 37 (26 numbers), 728 pages, 178 
illustrations (with Forewords by Stanley Field, President of Chicago Natural 
History Museum, and by Clifford C. Gregg, Director) 

the following numbers in volume 37 (fieldiana: zoology) are by members 

OF THE department OF ZOOLOGY AND HAVE BEEN REPRINTED SINGLY: 

Blake, Emmet R. 

A Collection of Colombian Game Birds, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 1, 
15 pages, 1 illustration (reprint) 

Davis, D. D wight 

Masticatory Apparatus in the Spectacled Bear Tremarctos ornatus, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 37, no. 2, 22 pages, 8 illustrations (reprint) 

DE LA Torre, Luis 

Bats from Guerrero, Jalisco and Oaxaca, Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 26, 9 pages, 3 illustrations (reprint) 

Dybas, Henry S. 

New Feather-Wing Beetles from Termite Nests in the American Tropics (Cole- 
optera: Ptiliidae), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 21, 17 pages, 7 illustrations 
(reprint) 

Emerson, Alfred E. 

Geographical Origins and Dispersions of Termite Genera, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 37, no. 18, 57 pages (reprint) 

Grey, Marion 

Notes on a Collection of Bermuda Deep-Sea Fishes, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 9, 38 pages, 12 illustrations (reprint) 

Haas, Fritz 

On Non-Marine Shells from Northeastern Brazil and Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 37, no. 10, 35 pages, 18 illustrations (reprint) 

Haas, Georg 

Palestinian Species and Races of Jaminia Risso (Mollusca; Gastropoda), 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 15, 29 pages, 11 illustrations (reprint) 

75 



Hershkovitz, Philip 

South American Marsh Rats, Genus Holochilus, With a Summary of Sigmodont 
Rodents, PMeldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 24, 49 pages, 19 illustrations (reprint) 

HOOGSTRAAL, HaRRY 

Bat Ticks of the Genus Argas (Ixodoidea, Argasidae); 1. The Subgenus Chir- 
opterargas, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 22, 22 pages, 11 illustrations 
(reprint) 

Inger, Robert F. 

Ecological Notes on the Fish Fauna of a Coastal Drainage of North Borneo, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 3, 44 pages, 4 illustrations (reprint) 

Marx, Hymen, and Robert F. Inger 

Notes on Snakes of the Genus Calamaria, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 7, 
43 pages, 7 illustrations (reprint) 

Medem, Fred 

A New Subspecies of Caiman sclerops from Colombia, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 37, no. 11, 6 pages, 2 illustrations (reprint) 

Nelson, Edward M. 

The Morphology of the Swim Bladder and Auditory Bulla in the Holocentridae, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 5, 17 pages, 3 illustrations (reprint) 

Rand, Austin L. 

The Origin of the Land Birds of Tristan da Cunha, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 6, 28 pages, 2 illustrations (reprint) 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell 

Remarks on the Bats of the Genus Vampyrops, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 14, 11 pages (reprint) 

Seevers, Charles H. 

A Revision of the Tribe Amblyopinini: Staphylinid Beetles Parasitic on Mam- 
mals, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 8, 54 pages, 17 illustrations (reprint) 

Traub, Robert, and Alfredo Barrera 

Three New Fleas of the Genus Strepsylla Traub (Siphonaptera: Hystrichop- 
syllidae), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 20, 19 pages, 4 illustrations (reprint) 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

The Histerid Beetles of New Caledonia (Coleoptera: Histeridae), Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 37, no. 23, 37 pages, 9 illustrations (reprint) 

Woods, Loren P. 

Western Atlantic Species of the Genus Holocentrus, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 4, 29 pages, 5 illustrations (reprint) 

the following numbers in volume 37 (fieldiana: zoology) are by members 
of the department of geology and have been reprinted singly: 

Denison, Robert H. 

Early Devonian Vertebrates from the Knoydart Formation of Nova Scotia, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 17, 16 pages, 5 illustrations (reprint) 

Olson, Everett C. 

Parallelism in the Evolution of the Permian Reptilian Faunas of the Old and 
Neio Worlds, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, no. 13, 17 pages (reprint) 

Patterson, Bryan 

A Symmetrodont from the Early Cretaceous of Northern Texas, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 37, no. 25, 5 pages, 1 illustration (reprint) 

76 



Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

A New Variety of Cretaceotis Decapod from Texas, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 16, 4 pages, 1 illustration (reprint) 

TuRNBULL, William D., and Priscilla F. Turnbull 

A Recently Discovered Phlegethontia from Illinois, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 37, 
no. 19, 17 pages, 5 illustrations (reprint) 

ZaNGERL, RaINER, AND WiLLIAM D. TURNBULL 

Procolpochelys grandaeva (Leidy), An Early Carettine Sea Turtle, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 37, no. 12, 40 pages, 22 illustrations (reprint) 



ADMINISTRATIVE PUBLICATION 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 195U, 146 pages, 
24 illustrations 



The type specimen of a new species of thrush (Cossypha heinrichi), a discovery 
of Conover Angola Expedition, is shown with description published by Museum. 






,-^* 








77 



CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

It is always a pleasure to welcome to the Museum distinguished 
visitors from other museums and research institutions. Such 
visits, in ever-increasing numbers, speak eloquently of the superb 
research collections, library, and other research facilities available 
here. Revealing indeed was the recent remark of a scientist from 
the Dark Continent, "How strange that I should have to come to 
Chicago to learn about Africa!" 

Among visitors in the Department of Anthropology were John 
Anglim, United States National Museum; Dr. Jean Caudmont, 
Instituto Colombino de Antropologia, Bogata, Colombia; Dr. 
Stephen Borhegyi, Natural History Museum, University of Okla- 
homa; Frederic H. Douglas, Denver Art Museum; Dr. Wilson Duff, 
Provencial Museum, Victoria, British Columbia; Dr. George Foster, 
Acting Director, Museum of Anthropology, University of California; 
Dr. Robert Heine-Geldern, University of Vienna, Austria; Dr. 
Jeremy Ingalls, Rockford College; Dr. Frangoise Girard, Musee de 
I'Homme, Paris; Dr. Mohamed N. Kohzad, Kabul Museum, Af- 
ghanistan; Dr. Li Shu-hua, Columbia University; Dr. Harald 
Schultz, Museu Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. Carl Schuster, 
Woodstock, New York; Dr. Dietrich Seckel, University of Heidel- 
berg, Germany; Dr. Dwight Wallace, University of California; and 
Clifford P. Wilson, Hudson's Bay Company Historical Museum. 

Visiting botanists included Dr. George H. Coons, United States 
Department of Agriculture; Dr. Sidney F. Glassman, University of 
Illinois (Navy Pier, Chicago); Floyd A. Swink, University of 
Illinois (College of Pharmacy); Dr. Carl Heimburger, Forestry 
Department, Province of Ontario, Canada; Dr. Robert Hilker, 
Torrey Botanical Club; Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, Lawrence Kaplan, and 
Dr. Rolla M. Tryon, Missouri Botanical Garden; Dr. and Mrs. 
Antonio Krapovickas, Ministerio de Agricultura, Argentina; Dr. 
Paul Voth, University of Chicago; Sister Basilia and Sister Hilaire, 
Rosary College; Father Huertas, Washington University (St. Louis); 
Dr. Raulino Reitz, Herbario "Barbarosa Rodrigues," Brazil; Dr. 
Charles DeVol, Marion College; Miss Ruth Hunt, American Peoples 
Encycolpedia; Dr. Jesus Idrobo, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 
Bogata, Colombia; Professor J. Arthur Reyniers, University of 
Notre Dame; Dr. E. E. Leppik, Augustana College; Dr. Ichizo 
Nishiyama, Kyoto University, Japan; Dr. C. Ritchie Bell, Univer- 
sity of North Carolina; Dr. Adriance S. Fester, University of Cali- 
fornia; Dr. Verne Grant and Dr. Philip Munz, Santa Ana Botanic 
Garden; Dr. Dwight H. Moore, University of Arkansas; Malcolm 

78 




Work of junior and advanced classes held in this Museum by the School of the 
Art Institute of Chicago is on special exhibition in Stanley Field Hall every year. 



Davis, Wiley and Company, New York; Dr. I. W. Bailey, Harvard 
University; and Dr. Rodolfo E. G. Pichi-Sermolli, Florence, Italy. 

Visitors in the Department of Geology included Dr. Margaret 
Jean Hough, United States Geological Survey; Dr. Claude W. 
Hibbard, University of Michigan; Dr. Marie L. Hopkins, Idaho 
State College; Morris Skinner, American Museum of Natural 
History; and Dr. Raymond C. Moore, University of Kansas. 

Visiting zoologists included Dr. Jorge A. Ibarra, Director, Museo 
Nacional de Historia Natural, Guatemala City; Dr. Kenneth C. 
Parkes, Carnegie Museum; Dr. Clifford V. Davis, Montana State 
College; Dr. Karl Koopman, Queens College; Arthur M. Greenhall, 
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad; Dr. John W. Aldrich, United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service; Herbert G. Deignan and Robert Kanazawa, 
United States National Museum; Richard R. Graber, University of 
Oklahoma; Miguel Alvarez del Toro, Director, Instituto Zoologico 
de Estado Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico; Dr. G. C. A. Junge, 

7^ 



Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, Netherlands; Wil- 
liam H. Phelps, Caracas, Venezuela; Dr. Paul Pirlot, Insituto pour 
le Recherche Scientific in Afrique Centrale, Belgian Congo; Dr. S. 
Dillon Ripley, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale Univer- 
sity; Dr. William Rowan, University of Alberta, Canada; Robert K. 
Selander, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California; 
Dr. Charles G. Sibley, Cornell University; Dr. Reay H. N. Smithers, 
Director, National Museum of Southern Rhodesia; Dr. Josselyn van 
Tyne, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan; Dr. Charles 
Vaurie, American Museum of Natural History; Dr. K. H. Voous, 
Zoologisch Museum Amsterdam, Netherlands; J. D. Webster, Cali- 
fornia Academy of Sciences; Dr. David K. Wetherbee, University of 
Connecticut; Dr. Alexander Wetmore, Smithsonian Institution; 
Dr. Philip J. Clark, William E. Duellman, James E. Mosiman, 
and George Rabb, University of Michigan; Dr. Joseph Camin and 
Dr. Howard K. Gloyd, Chicago Academy of Sciences; Makram 
Kaiser, United States Naval Medical Research Unit, Cairo, Egypt; 
Dr. James Bohlke, Philadelphia; Dr. John Briggs, University of 
Florida; Charles E. Mohr, Audubon Nature Center, Greenwich, 
Connecticut; Brother G. Nicholas, Cumberland, Maryland; Dr. Don 
Eric Rosen, New York Zoological Society; Dr. William Horsfall and 
Dr. H. H. Shoemaker, University of Illinois; A. Yashoub, Zichron- 
Yonhov, Israel; Renato Araujo, Department Zoologia, Secretaria da 
Agricultura, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. George Anastos, University 
of Maryland; Dr. Edward Baker, Agricultural Research Service, 
Washington, D.C.; M. W. Bursey, London and Paris; Dr. Sidney 
Camras, Chicago; Dr. Thomas Daggy, Davidson College; John E. 
Despauls, United States Army Quartermaster Subsistance Testing 
Laboratory, Chicago; Dr. Melville Hatch, University of Washington; 
Dr. J. R. Hendrickson, University of Malaya, Singapore; H. Kaiser 
and Dr. Kamal Wassif, University of Egypt, Cairo; Dr. Robert 
Beer, D. Wallace La Berge, and Dr. Robert Sokal, University of 
Kansas; Oscar Lopp, South Cook County Mosquito Abatement 
District; Dr. Rodger Mitchell, University of Vermont; A. Ormidvar, 
Ministry of Agriculture, Teheran, Iran; Professor Paul Remy, 
University of Nancy, France; Harold C. Hanson, Dr. Herbert H. 
Ross, Dr. Milton W. Sanderson, and Dr. Richard Selander, Illinois 
State Natural History Survey; Dr. P. M. Sheppard, Oxford Univer- 
sity, England; Dr. Leonila Vazquez, Instituto de Biologia, Mexico; 
Alejandro Villalobos, Mexico City; F. McMichael, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia; Yoshido Kondo, Honolulu; Dr. S. 0. Landry, University of 
Missouri; Dr. E. L. Du Brul, University of Illinois (Dentistry);- 
and Dr. C. A. Reed, University of Illinois (Pharmacy). 

80 



The Museum continues its co-operation with other scientific 
institutions in many research projects, large and small. For example, 
identification of mammals for other museums and for organizations 
concerned with the study of diseases transmitted by parasites and 
viruses carried by mammalian hosts is an important and exacting 
service performed by the Division of Mammals. Its curatorial staff 
during the year identified bats for the United States Public Health 
Service and for the Fourth Army Medical Corps in connection with 
their studies of bat rabies, and other animals (mostly small rodents) 
were sent to this Museum for identification by governmental in- 
stitutions in Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, and Trinidad. 
A collection of more than one thousand duplicate specimens repre- 
senting seventy-three species of Philippine mammals was shipped by 
this Museum to the National Museum in Manila in accordance 
with an agreement with that institution for co-operative study 
of the fauna of the Philippine Islands. In addition, the curatorial 
staff attempted to satisfy the many requests from newspapers, book 
publishers, authors, and artists for information about mammals. 

Another example of co-operative work is the Museum's par- 
ticipation in the Micronesian-insect survey and the publication 
of the series Insects of Micronesia described in the Annual Report 
for 1952 (page 67). In this connection 18,424 additional insect 
specimens were sent during 1955 to specialists in the United States 
and abroad and about forty small lots remain to be shipped. As 
publication of the series gets under way (two volumes and parts of 
others have already appeared) large collections of insects will be re- 
turned to Chicago Natural History Museum. These must be divided 
for distribution to co-operating institutions according to previous 
agreements, a task that involves much labeling, sorting, shipping, 
and correspondence. Records in published reports must be checked 
to make certain that our own specimens are properly assigned and 
that our Museum receives its share of the collections, according to 
agreements. So many specialists and so many collections are in- 
volved that it is an exceedingly complicated situation. 

Several members of our scientific staff devote some of their 
time to lecturing and to supervising the studies of graduate or 
undergraduate students who carry on special work at the Museum. 
A course in muscology was given in the Department of Anthropology 
during the spring quarter for three graduate students from the 
University of Chicago, and a seminar on archaeology and ethnology 
of the southwestern United States was held in the Museum in 
co-operation with the University of Chicago and Northwestern 
University. The advanced course in vertebrate paleontology of the 

81 



University of Chicago was given at the Museum by Dr. Everett C. 
Olson, professor of vertebrate paleontology at the university and 
Research Associate in the Museum's Division of Fossil Vertebrates. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, took part in a symposium on cultural evolution held 
at the University of Illinois (Urbana) and conducted a seminar 
on research in archaeology at the University of Chicago. Dr. 
Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, conducted a seminar in 
botany and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil In- 
vertebrates, and Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
lectured on micropaleontology at the University of Illinois (Urbana). 
Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, who was appointed 
a member of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, showed at 
Cranbrook Institute the Museum film, "Marsh Birds of the Upper 
Nile," featuring the Buchen East Africa Zoological Expedition of 
1952; Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, lectured 
at the University of Michigan and the University of Missouri; and 
D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, lectured at 
North Central College. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, was re-elected to serve another year on the Board of Gover- 
nors of Nature Conservancy and continued as the Museum's dele- 
gate to the Conservation Council of Chicago and on the Natural 
History Advisory Committee for Illinois Beach State Park under 
the Governor of the State of Illinois. Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator 
of Economic Botany, participated in the state-wide conference in 
Chicago on control of Dutch elm disease. Henry S. Dybas, Associ- 
ate Curator of Insects, was reappointed by Judge Otto Kemer to 
another four-year term as a member of the Board of Trustees of the 
South Cook County Mosquito Abatement District and subsequently 
was elected secretary of the Board. He represented both the Mu- 
seum and the South Cook County Mosquito Abatement District 
at a meeting at the University of Illinois (Urbana) of the Illinois 
Mosquito Control Association. In recognition of his many services 
to the Chicago Lapidary Club, John R. Millar, Deputy Director 
of the Museum, was presented with an honorary life-membership. 

Supervised classes from various art schools use the Museum 
exhibits as a source for sketches, designs, and creative work. A 
special showing of selected work of classes from the School of the 
Art Institute of Chicago, which regularly sends classes here, is 
placed on exhibition in Stanley Field Hall for one month in the 
summer. Students from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts and 
Institute of Design also make use of our Museum exhibits. College 

82 



and university classes make use of the Museum too. They come in 
great numbers not only from nearby schools (Chicago Teachers 
College, University of Chicago, DePaul University, University of 
Illinois, Illinois Institute of Technology, Loyola University, Morton 
Junior College, North Park College, Northwestern University, 
Roosevelt University, Rosary College, Valparaiso University, 
Wheaton College, George Williams College) but also from schools 
at some distance, as, for example, McMaster University in Hamilton, 
Ontario, Canada. Under the co-operative educational plan adopted 
in 1946 by this Museum and Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, 
twelve young men and women were employed in 1955 by the Mu- 
seum in its scientific departments (their names are listed in this 
Report under the appropriate departmental headings). 



Crowds attended Science Fair (west area) in Stanley Field Hall, a one-day show 
sponsored by Chicago Teachers Science Foundation to exhibit creations by pupils. 




83 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
SOCIETIES 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, 
and Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology, attended the 
annual meetings at Indiana University of the Society for American 
Archaeology and the Central States Anthropological Society, where 
Curator Quimby and Miss Bluhm read papers. Quimby was chair- 
man of the joint program committee as well as program chairman for 
the Society for American Archaeology, Collier served as program 
chairman for the Central States Anthropological Society, and 
Martin was elected to the executive committee of the Society for 
American Archaeology. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, and Dr. Earl E. 
Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, attended the 
meeting at Michigan State College of the American Institute of 
Biological Sciences. Chief Curator Just served as a member of 
the Council of the Society for the Study of Evolution and as a mem- 
ber of the Committee on Systematic Botany of the National Science 
Foundation. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanero- 
gamic Herbarium, was awarded the Alumni Citation Plaque by 
Washington University (St. Louis) in recognition of outstanding 
work in his field and was elected a Fellow of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Eugene 
S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, reported on 
the Museum's Mecca (Indiana) project (see page 50) at the annual 
meeting in New Orleans of the Geological Society of America and 
at meetings of the Illinois Academy of Science in Carbondale. 
Curator Richardson attended the meetings in Philadelphia of the 
Pennsylvania Academy of Science. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, and Emmet R. 
Blake, Curator of Birds, attended the meeting in Boston of the 
American Ornithologists' Union, where Chief Curator Rand was 
elected to the Council. Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of 
Zoology, attended, with Philip Hershkovitz, Associate Curator of 
Mammals, the meeting of the American Institute of Biological 
Sciences at Michigan State College and, with D. Dwight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, the meeting of the Texas Her- 
petological Society in Anahuac. Associate Curator Hershkovitz 

84 



read a paper at the meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists 
in Los Angeles, where Curator Davis was appointed a trustee of the 
Society. Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, and Miss Margaret 
G. Bradbury, Artist in the Department of Zoology, attended the 
annual convention at Natural Bridge, Virginia, of the National 
Speleological Society, at which Curator Woods read a paper on 
cave fishes. Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
attended the annual meeting of the Pacific Branch of the Malaco- 
logical Union at Stanford University. Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator 
of Insects, attended a conference of museum entomologists at the 
United States National Museum in Washington, D.C., and, with 
Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, attended the meetings of the 
Entomological Society of America in Cincinnati. 

The Museum was one of the hosts during the Midwest Con- 
ference of Museums of the American Association of Museums held 
in Chicago in October. Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Director of the 
Museum, welcomed delegates representing more than one hundred 
museums to a breakfast meeting at this Museum on October 21. 
Prominent among the members of our Museum's staff who partici- 
pated in Conference meetings were members of Raymond Founda- 
tion. The Museum was host on April 24 to a joint meeting of the 
Chicago Entomological Society and entomologists from the State 
Natural History Survey and the University of Illinois. The Annual 
Midwestern Conference of the American Library Association was 
attended by Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian, and Mrs. M. Eileen 
Rocourt, of the Library staff, primarily to examine the microcard 
readers on display and to attend discussions of developments in 
systems for processing Oriental publications. The Director of the 
Museum was principal speaker at the annual meeting of the Cin- 
cinnati Museum of Natural History on the topic "The Place of the 
Museum in Its Community." 

Chief Curator Just continued to serve as editor of Lloydia 
(quarterly journal of biological science published by Lloyd Library 
and Museum, Cincinnati) and as member of the editorial staff of 
American Journal of Botany (official publication of the Botanical 
Society of America). Curator Zangerl continued as foreign-news 
editor and William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mam- 
mals, became a regional editor for Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 
News Bulletin. Curator Woods was appointed editor of ichthyology 
and herpetology for The American Midland Naturalist (published by 
the University of Notre Dame), and Curator Emeritus Schmidt 
continued as a section editor for Biological Abstracts (published under 
the auspices of the Union of American Biological Societies) . 

85 



Publications of members of the scientific staff during 1955 
besides those issued by Chicago Natural History Museum include 
the following articles, books, and reviews: 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Collier, Donald 

"The Development of Civilization on the Coast of Peru," in "Irrigation 
Civilizations: A Comparative Symposium," Social Science Monographs, 
vol. 1, pp. 19-27 (Pan American Union, Washington, D.C.; also an edition 
in Spanish) 

Review of Excavations at Wari, Ayacucho, Peru (by Wendell C. Bennett), 
in American Anthropologist, vol. 52, pp. 646-647 

Martin, Paul S. 

Review of The Material Culture of Pueblo Bonito (by Neil M. Judd), in 
The Scientific Monthly, vol. 81, no. 3, p. 150 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"Reply to Aschmann's Comment on Quimby's Cultural and Natural Areas," 
American Antiquity, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 378-379 

Rinaldo, John B. 

Review of Basket Maker II Sites Near Durango, Colorado (by Earl H. Morris 
and Robert F. Burgh), in American Antiquity, vol 21, no. 1, pp. 89-90 
Review of Salvage Archaeology in the Chama Valley, New Mexico (assembled 
by Fred Wendorf), in American Antiquity, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 294-295 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Just, Theodor 

Review of Die Pflanzenelle (by Ernst Kiister), in The Quarterly Review of 
Biology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 362-363 

Review of Kulturtechnische Botanik (by Fritz Jiirgen Meyer), in The Quarterly 
Review of Biology, vol. 29, no. 4, p. 370 

Review of The Fern Genus Diellia (by Warren H. Wagner, Jr.), in The Quar- 
terly Review of Biology, vol. 29, no. 4, p. 366 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Advance of Spring in Missouri," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 
vol. 43, pp. 95-96 

"Attack on Chimanta," Natural History Magazine, vol. 64, no. 9, 
pp. 484-488 

"Calycera balsamitaefolia in the United States," Rhodora, vol. 57, no. 674, 
p. 72 [with Floyd A. Swink] 

"Columnea crassifolia — The Correct Name for Columnea stenophylla," 
National Horticultural Magazine, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 109-111 
"Effects of the Drouth in Missouri, 1955," Missouri Botanical Garden Bul- 
letin, vol. 43, pp. 54-59 

"Epipactis Helleborine in Illinois," Rhodora, vol. 57, no. 676. p. 131 
"New Plants from El Salvador and Mexico," Ceiba, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 300-301 
"1955 Discoveries," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 43, pp. 150-151 
"Plants New to Illinois and to the Chicago Region," Rhodora, vol. 57, 
no. 681, pp. 265-268 [with Floyd A. Swink] 

"Plants New to Missouri," Rhodora, vol. 57, no. 683, pp. 310-319 [with 
Ernest J. Palmer] 

86 



Steyermark, Julian A. (continued) 

"Platycarpum Schultesii Steyermark," Plantae Colombianae XIII (Richard 
Evans Schultes), Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 17, 
no. 3, pp. 96-97 

"Scientific Evidence Reveals Destructive Effects of Dams," Pro Natura: 

Hydro-Electricity and Nature Protection, vol. 2, pp. 179-185 

"Stenopadus colombianus," Plantae Colombianae XIII (Richard Evans 

Schultes), Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, vol. 17, no. 3, 

pp. 99-100 [with Jose Cuatrecasas] 

"The Ozarks — Their Past, Present, and Future," Missouri Botanical Garden 

Bulletin, vol. 43, pp. 2-12 

"What's Green?" Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 43, p. 149 

"Wildflower Contrasts between Northern and Southern Missouri," Missouri 

Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 43, pp. 81-87 

Thieret, John W. 

"The Seeds of Veronica and Allied Genera," Lloydia, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37-45 
"The Status of Berendtia A. Gray," vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 304-305 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Zangerl, Rainer, and Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. 

"Ecologic History of a Transgressing Pennsylvanian Sea near Mecca, 
Indiana (Preliminary Report)," Program 1955 Annual Meetings, Geological 
Society of America, p. 115A 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Blake, Emmet R. 

The Species of Middle American Birds, The Transactions of the Linnaean 
Society of New York, volume 7, 128 pages [with Eugene Eisemann and Edward 
L. Chalif] 

Grey, Marion 

"Melamphaes triceratops, A Synonym of the Deep Sea Fish M. anthrax," 
Copeia, 1955, no. 2, pp. 147-148 

The Fishes of the Genus Tetragonurus, Dana Report (Carlsberg Foundation, 
Copenhagen), number 41, 75 pages, 16 illustrations 

Haas, Fritz 

"Binnenschnecken aus einer Karbon-Landschaft im unteren Amazon- 

asgebiete," Archiv filr Mollunskenkunde, vol. 84, pp. 101-105 

Bivalvia, Bronns Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreiches (Leipzig), volume 3, 

part 4, 245 pages 

"Kurze Mitteilungen," Archiv filr Molluskenkunde, vol. 84, pp. 211-212 

"Mollusca: Gastropoda" [Percy Sladen Trust Expedition], The Transactions 

of the Linnaean Society of London, vol. 1, pt. 3, 1955, pp. 275-308, 

28 illustrations 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Notes on American Monkeys of the genus Cebus," Journal of Mammalogy, 
vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 449-452 

"On the Cheek Pouches of the Tropical American Paca, Agouti paca (Lin- 
naeus, 1766)," Sdugetierkundliche Mitteilungen, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 67-70 
"Status of the generic name Zorilla (Mammalia): Nomenclature by Rule or 
by Caprice," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 68, 
pp. 185-191 

87 




OLO WORLD PLYCATCHIRS 

rAMUY MUSCICAPIOAI 
A. •OAT-IILLIO FLTCATCNtH 

MACHAtRIKHYHCHUS fLAVIVIHTEB 
■. •Ilr-HIAMD rLYCATCHIl 

CULICICAM CITkOMtlitlS 
C WATTtf-IVI 

rkATTSTIIIA PILTATA 

0. VAIIISATfO «IIN-»A*»Ltl 

 ALUIUS LAMtlDTI 

1. ^AIAOISI rkYCATCMIl ( MALI > 

TCIPSI^HOMI viaiois 

r. c riHALC or asovc > 

•. rLAMI ROtlH 

l>ITIIOICA PNOtNICIA 
H. ILACK-MAPCD FLYCATCHCII 

HYPOTMYMIS A2URIA 
I. BUrOUS-llkLlID HILTAVA 

ailTAVA SUMOAtA 
i. SPOTTID FkYCATCHti 

HUSCICAPA STRIATA 
K. tLACK AND WHITI FAMTAlk 

 MIPIOURA LtUCOrHtVS 




88 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Inger, Robert F. 

"A Revision of the Fishes of the genus Plesiops Cuvier," Pacific Science, 
vol. 9, pp. 259-276, 4 illustrations 

Marx, Hymen 

"An Artificial Key to the New World Species of Crocodilians," Copeia, 1955, 
pp. 1-2 [with Fred Medemj 

"Notes on the Behavior of Some Madagascar Chameleons," Natural History 
Miscellanea, no. 149, pp. 1-3 

Nelson, Edward M. 

"The 2-3 Intervertebral Joint in the Fish Genus Catostomus," Copeia, 1955, 
no. 2, pp. 151-152 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A New Chough from the Highlands of Abyssinia," Bulletin of the British 
Ornothologists' Club, vol. 75, p. 28 (with Charles Vaurie] 

Birds from Iraq and Syria, in Henry Field's Contributions to the Fauna 

and Flora of Southwestern Asia (multilithed and distributed privately, 

January 29, 1955, Coconut Grove, Florida) 

"Philippine Bird Names of Blasius," The Auk, vol. 72, pp. 210-212 

Stray Feathers from a Bird Man's Desk (Doubleday and Company, New 

York), 224 pages, 60 illustrations by Ruth Johnson (Andris) 

Review of Bower-Birds, Their Displays and Breeding Cycles (by A. J. 

Marshall), in The Wilson Bulletin, vol. 67, pp. 150-152 

Review of The Voice of the Desert (by Joseph Wood Krutch), in Chicago 

Sunday Tribune Magazine of Books, October 2, 1955 

Rand, Austin L., and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 

Manual de los Aves de El Salvador (Universidad de El Salvador, America 
Central), 308 pages, 108 illustrations by Douglas E. Tibbitts 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Animal Geography," in A Century of Progress in the Natural Sciences — 1853- 
1953 (California Academy of Sciences Centennial, 1955), pp. 767-794, 
illustrated 

"Faunal Realms, Regions, and Provinces," The Quarterly Review of Biology, 
vol. 29, pp. 322-331, 2 illustrations 

"Herpetology," in "A Century of Progress in the Natural Sciences — 1853-1953 
(California Academy of Sciences Centennial, 1955), pp. 591-627, illustrated 



To the left are Old World flycatchers as shown in our new synoptic series of 
exhibits called ''Birds of the World/' of which the songbirds have been completed 
in three exhibits. This series is planned to show the wealth of variety in form 
and color in the bird world by means of selected examples of the nine thousand 
species. The birds are displayed in natural groups, called families, with the nearest 
relatives next to each other. Extraneous material, such as perches, is reduced to 
a minimum so that interest may focus on the specimens. This series of exhibits is 
located in Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21, Birds in Systematic Arrangement). 

89 



CAFETERIA 

Total receipts for the year in the cafeteria were $136,740, about 
$12,000 under last year's figure, although the average salescheck 
was about 10 per cent higher. The decline in sales reflected rather 
accurately the decline in attendance at the Museum. The automatic 
vending-machines for service of soft drinks continue to fill an im- 
portant need during the hours when the cafeteria and lunchroom 
are not open to patrons. 



MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENGINEERING 

The Divisions of Maintenance and Engineering worked with the 
scientific departments of the Museum throughout the year in 
installation and lighting of the exhibition halls for the exhibits 
described in the departmental reports (see pages 42, 46, 55, and 63) . 
In the woodworking shop, exhibition cases were built or remodeled 
for Halls A, G, 7, and 8 of the Department of Anthropology, Hall 26 
of the Department of Botany, Halls 34 and 35 of the Department of 
Geology, and Halls 20 and 21 of the Department of Zoology. Sub- 
standard lighting panels were replaced in Halls 5 and 10 of Depart- 
ment of Anthropology, Halls 22 and O of Department of Zoology, 
and Hall 35. New outlets were installed in Halls A, G, and 8 to 
light exhibition cases reinstalled in those halls. A floor outlet was 
established in Hall 34 for lighting the four dioramas (see page 55) 
that were placed in the center of that newly reinstalled hall. 
Windows were bricked up and walls plastered in Hall 35, and 
electrical wiring was provided for lighting exhibits in this hall, 
which will be completely reinstalled. 

Various minor alterations were made in the Museum laboratories 
and offices in order to improve working conditions for the staff. 
New aluminum screens were installed throughout the building, and 
two exhaust fans were placed on the third floor to make the offices 
more comfortable for the staff in the summer. Storage equipment, 
which included 140 trays made for the Department of Geology and 
430 trays for the Division of Birds as well as a number of steel 
cases purchased on contract, was installed, in addition to steel 
shelving in the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles and the store- 
room of The Book Shop. Expedition chests for the Department 
of Zoology and shipping cases for the Division of Publications were 
made as needed. Four additional benches were provided in the 
exhibition halls for use of Museum visitors. 

90 




This Menangkabau village scene is but one of the exhibits illustrating life in 
Indonesia in reopened Hall G (Peoples of the Malay Peninsula and Indonesia). 



The checkroom at the south entrance of the Museum was re- 
modeled to provide greater capacity for school groups. The outside 
freight-elevator received new sections of steel flooring, and the 
flagpoles and exterior signs were painted. Washing and painting the 
exhibition halls as well as cleaning plate glass in exhibition cases 
proceeded throughout the year in routine manner. Fire extinguishers 
were checked and recharged as required. 

The efficiency of the Museum heating plant was maintained by 
renovation in the summer of the entire system. Boilers were cleaned 
and wa.shed, heat exchanger and continuous blowdowns were re- 
moved, cleaned, and replaced, vent pipes for the ash conveyor were 
overhauled, and one section of the ash conveyor was replaced. The 
coal conveyor, coal lorry, and steelwork in the boiler room were 
repainted as necessary. Stokers and forced-draft fans were checked, 
cleaned and oiled, automatic controls were cleaned, new filters were 
installed, feed pumps, vacuum pumps, condensate pumps, and water 
pumps were completely serviced, and new bearings were installed 
in the fire pump. Condensate lines were drawn, checked, and in 
some instances remodeled in order to establish new pitch for easier 
draining and better operation. The plumbing throughout the 
building was maintained at its usual high level of efficiency. 

91 



Shedd Aquarium was provided with 11,025,088 pounds of steam 
and the Chicago Park District was provided with 19,113,418 pounds 
of steam under our heating contracts with those organizations. 
Experimentation with different grades of coal permitted a lowering 
of the cost of production and a consequent reduction in the price 
of steam sold during the year. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 



Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



92 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

OF RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES 

CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1955 AND 1954 

GENERAL OPERATING FUND 

RECEIPTS 1955 1954 

From investments in securities and real estate 

General endowment funds $ 671,846.11 $ 711,279.14 

Life and associate membership funds 31,802.86 29,525.31 

$ 703,648.97 $ 740,804.45 

Chicago Park District— tax collections 184,031.24 139,554.27 

Annual and sustaining memberships 26,670.00 25,335.00 

Admissions 32,287.75 34,105.75 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 45,606.28 49,043.84 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 69,305.36 88,894.08 

$1,061,549.60 $1,077,737.39 



EXPENDITURES 

Operating expenses 

Departmental operating expenses $ 454,910.43 $ 452,071.58 

General operating expenses 373,960.85 371,564.11 

Building repairs and alterations 95,128.16 87,933.21 

$ 923,999.44 $ 911,568.90 

Collections 

Purchases and expedition costs 42,489.36 35,885.15 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 5,252.61 40,790.25 

Pensions and employees' benefits 62,893.93 64,474.03 

Appropriations in lieu of premiums formerly 

payable on assigned life insurance 14,500.00 14,500.00 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of The 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

(contra) 2,560.00 1,238.79 

$1,061,695.34 $1,078,457.12 

DEFICIT FOR YEAR $ (145.74 ) $ (719.73 ) 

AUDITOR'S CERTIFICATE APPEARS ON FOLLOWING PAGE 

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 
93 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR YEARS 1955 AND 1954 (CONTINUED) 

THE N, W, HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL 
EXTENSION FUND 

1955 1954 

Income from endowments $ 23,972.31 $ 22,818.55 

Expenditures 26,532.31 24,057.34 

DEFICIT TRANSFERRED TO OPERATING FUND 

(CONTRA) $ (2,560.00) $ (1,238.79) 



OTHER RESTRICTED FUNDS 

RECEIPTS 1955 1954 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments $ 63,044.33 $ 59,319.99 

Contributions for specified purposes 17,000.00 25,218.38 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation (contra) 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Sundry receipts— net 65,480.51 39,731.26 

$ 155,524.84 $ 134,269.63 

EXPENDITURES 

Transferred to Operating Fund to apply 

against expenditures (contra) $ 69,305.36 $ 88,894.08 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 36,000.00 30,000.00 

$ 105,305.36 $ 118,894.08 

EXCESS OF RECEIPTS OVER EXPENDITURES. . . $ 50,219.48 $ 15,375.55 



To The Trustees 

Chicago Natural History Museum 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1955 and 1954, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the years. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 25, 1956 

94 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1955 AND 1954 



1955 

Total attendance 1,072,676 

Paid attendance 129,151 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 39,272 

School children 98,408 

Teachers 5,739 

Members of the Museum 397 

Service men and women 1,595 

Special meetings and occasions 1,778 

Press 9 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 132,699 

Saturdays (52) 302,283 

Sundays (51) 361,345 

Highest attendance on any day (May 7) . . 16,227 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(February 7) 209 

Highest paid attendance (September 5) . . 3,430 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 2,955 

Average paid admissions (208 days) 620 

Number of picture post-cards sold 239,020 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular), General Guide, and 
photographs; checkroom receipts. . . .$20,443.37 



1954 

1,142,200 
136,423 





37,724 




97,891 




4,855 




575 




1,540 




2,793 




20 


(52) 


151,014 


(51) 


280,835 


(52) 


428,530 



(August 15) 13,610 

(December 15) 238 

(July 5) 3,389 

(363 days) 3,147 

(208 days) 656 



236,575 



$20,754.17 

95 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 



96 



ACCESSIONS, 1955 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY -ACCESSIONS 



Bensabott, R., Chicago: large 
Ch'ien-lung jade jar, 18th century — 
China (gift) 

Bradford, Lester, Hebron, Maine: 
marimba, Kuranko tribe — Sierra Le- 
one, British West Africa (gift) 

Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn: plas- 
ter case of torso (from statue the head 
of which is part of our collections) — 
Thebes, Egypt (exchange) 

BusTiN, Dr. Andrew G., Joliet, 
Illinois: Zapotec pottery funeral urn 
and Chinese bronze censor — Mexico 
and China (gift) 

ChicagoNaturalHistory Museum: 
Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1955): 22 restorable and 6 intact pot- 
tery vessels, 113 stone, bone, shell, and 
baked-clay artifacts, 161 flake knives, 
scrapers, and choppers, and 2 frag- 
mentary human skeletons — Foote Can- 
yon, Perry Lawson Site, Saddle Moun- 
tain Site, Delgar Site, and Powerline 
Site, near Reserve, New Mexico 

Collected by George L Quimby 
(Louisiana Archaeological Field Trip, 
1955): archaeological materials of stone 
and clay — Poverty Point Site, Louisiana 

Purchases: T'ang period mortuary 
dovecote, China; 21 pieces of modern 
Navaho jewelry (for exhibition in 
Hall 7) 

Churchill, Ralph H., Chicago: 
copper knife or spear blade — Kane 
County, Illinois (gift) 

Clingan, Mrs. Frank, Detroit: 
musical instrument (nzinza), Bura 
tribe — Nigeria (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 10 plaster casts of seals from 
ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro — Paki- 
stan (gift) 

Finnegan, Mrs. Edward R., Chi- 
cago: pottery jar. Middle Mississippi 
Culture — Dean's Island, Arkansas 
(gift) 



Getz, Mrs. Harry W., Moline, 
Illinois: 2 Navaho blankets — South- 
western United States (gift) 

Harvey, Byron, III, Albuquerque, 
New Mexico: prehistoric Hopi ladle 
and Anasazi seed-jar — Arizona (gift) 

Historical Museum, Hudson's Bay 
Company, Winnipeg, Manitoba: sculp- 
tured soapstone figure and 2 walrus 
tusks with engravings, both modern 
Eskimo — Hudson's Bay (exchange) 

KoHNSTAMM, VICTOR R., Mexico, 
D.F.: pottery vase in Aztec style, con- 
taining charred human bones — Mexico 
(gift) 

Kropff, Carl G., Chicago: 7 archae- 
ological specimens of bone, slate, ivory, 
and antler, ancient Eskimo — near Point 
Barrow, Alaska (gift) 

Lewis, Phillip H., Chicago: 10 
malanggan ceremonial carvings and 
objects, 2 masks, and 6 miscellaneous 
ethnological specimens, Notsi linguis- 
tic area — Northeast Coast, New Ire- 
land (gift) 

Pohly, Richard A., Tulsa, Okla- 
homa: pre-Columbian clay figurine — 
State of Barinas, Venezuela (gift) 

SCHULTZ, Harald, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
2 clay figurines, feather headdress, 
Karaja tribe — Araguaia River, Brazil 
(exchange) 

Stough, Robert A., Chicago: Chi- 
nese rubbing — China (gift) 

Taubenhaus, Dr. Matthew, Chi- 
cago: 2 pre-Columbian pottery vessels 
— Province of Veraguas, Panama (gift) 

Trier, Robert, Chicago: 34 Maori 
specimens of stone, bone, and wood — 
New Zealand (gift) 

Varley, Frank, Toronto, Ontario: 
carved whale of walrus ivory, modern 
Eskimo — Baffin Island (gift) 

Zingarelli, Mrs. Lily, Chicago: 
tweezer made of fiber, with twisted 
fiber handle for plucking facial hair — 
New Guinea (gift) 



97 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY -ACCESSIONS 



Agricultural Research Station, 
Lilongwe, Nyasaland: 29 seed samples 
(gift) 

Archer-Daniels-Midland Com- 
pany, Decatur, Illinois: 6 economic 
specimens (gift) 

Argentina, Administration Naci- 
ONAL DE BosQUES, Buenos Aires: 44 
wood specimens, 19 seed samples (ex- 
change) 

Arkansas, University of, Fayette- 
ville: 567 plant specimens (exchange) 

Bartel, Karl, Chicago: plant speci- 
men (gift) 

Becker, Robert H., Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Beeler, Harvey, Seattle: 2 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Bennet, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
2,074 plant specimens (gift) 

Boe, Roger W., Broadview, Illinois: 
2 fungi (gift) 

Botanic Gardens of Indonesia, 
Bogor, Java: 54 seed samples (exchange) 

Botanischer Garten und Museum, 
Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: seed samples 
(exchange) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 779 plant specimens 
(exchange) 

California, University of, Berke- 
ley: 540 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 
change); plant specimen (gift) 

Carleton, Milton, Chicago: 2 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Ceylon, Division of Systematic 
Botany, Peradeniya: 16 seed samples 
(exchange) 

Chicago NaturalHistory Museum : 
Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren 

(Cuba Botanical Field Trip, 1955): 

collection of palm material 

Collected by Dr. Karl P. Schmidt 
(Southwest Zoological Field Trip, 1955) : 
85 plant specimens, fungus 

Collected by Emil Sella (field trip): 
5 plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(field trips): 380 plant specimens, 400 
wood specimens, 253 seed samples 

Purchases: 658 plant specimens — 
Australia; 14 wood specimens — Mauri- 
tius; 1,648 plant specimens — Mexico; 
320 plant specimens — Pakistan; 100 
plant specimens — Spain; 1,310 photo- 
graphs 



Commonwealth Scientific and 
Industrial Research Organization, 
Canberra, Australia: 62 seed samples 
(exchange) ; 39 seed samples (gift) 

Cook, William Bridge, Cincinnati: 
14 fungi (exchange); alga (gift) 

Daily, Mrs. Fay K., Indianapolis: 
alga (gift) 

Edmonson, Dr. W. F., Seattle: alga 
(gift) 

ESCUELA ACRfCOLA PANAMERICANA, 

Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 236 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Fan, Kung-chu, Lawrence, Kansas: 
plant specimen, 14 algae (gift) 

Farr, Marie L., Kingston, Jamaica: 
40 cryptogamic specimens (exchange) 

Fell, Dr. Egbert W., Rockford, 
Illinois: 309 plant specimens (gift) 

Ferreyra, Dr. Ramon, Lima, Peru: 
100 plant specimens (exchange) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: cryptogamic specimen (gift) 

Finnerud, Dr. Clark, Chicago: 
2 photographs (gift) 

Florida State Board of Conser- 
vation, St. Petersburg: 2 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

Forests, Conservator of, Sanda- 
kan. North Borneo: 122 wood specimens 
(gift) 

Fox, Margaret, London, England: 
alga (gift) 

Free, Mrs. Julia, Sedona, Arizona: 
2 wood specimens (exchange) 

French Equatorial Africa, Ser- 
vice DE L' Agriculture de l'Ouban- 
qui-Chari, Bangui: 9 seed samples 
(gift) 

GiER, Dr. Leroy J., Liberty, Mis- 
souri: 46 plant specimens, moss (gift) 

Grassland Research Station, Ki- 
tale, Kenya: 45 seed samples (gift) 

Habeeb, Dr. Herbert, Grand Falls, 
New Brunswick: 892 algae (gift) 

Institute of Plant Industry, In- 
dore, Madhya Baharat, India: 6 seed 
samples (gift) 

Institut fur Kulturpflanzenfor- 

SCHUNG DER DEUTSCHEN AkADEMIE 

DER Wissenschaften zu BERLIN, Ber- 
lin, Germany: 115 seed samples (ex- 
change) 



98 



Institut National pour l' Etude 
Agronomique du Congo Belge, Yan- 
gambi, Belgian Congo: 63 seed samples 
(gift) 

Instituto Agronomico do Sul, 
Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: 
77 plant specimens (exchange) 

Instituto de Biologia, Chapul- 
tepec, Mexico: plant specimen (gift) 

Instituto Forestal de Investiga- 
ciONES Y Experiencias, Madrid, Spain: 
42 wood specimens (exchange) 

Institutum Phytopathologicum, 
Suomi, Finland: 300 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Jardim Botanico do Rio de Jan- 
eiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 34 plant 
specimens, 42 wood specimens (ex- 
change) 

Johnson, S. C, and Son, Incor- 
porated, Racine, Wisconsin: palm 
material, several seed samples, several 
photographs (gift) 

Joliet Township High School, Jo- 
liet, Illinois: 319 plant specimens (gift) 

Kausel, Dr. Eberhard, Santiago, 
Chile: 65 plant specimens (exchange) 

KiENER, Dr. Walter B., Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 282 algae (gift) 

KiLLiP, Dr. E. p., Washington, D.C: 
228 plant specimens, 5 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift) 

KucERA, Dr. Claire L., Columbia, 
Missouri: 4 plant specimens (exchange) 

KuTSCHERA, Dr. Lore, Lafayette, 
Indiana: plant specimen (gift) 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago: 4 
plant specimens (gift) 

Lewis, J. R., Leeds, England: 14 
algae (gift) 

LoACH, Dr. K. W., Auckland, New 
Zealand: 2 algae (gift) 

Los Angeles State and County 
Arboretum, Arcadia, California: 105 
seed samples (exchange) 

Lutz, Dr. Bertha, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 27 plant specimens (exchange) 

McVey, Mrs. Frances H., Valpa- 
raiso, Indiana: plant specimen (gift) 

Melbourne Botanic Gardens and 
National Herbarium, South Yarra, 
Australia: 15 plant specimens, 30 seed 
samples (exchange) 

Michigan, University of, Ann Ar- 
bor: 192 lichens (exchange) 

Minnesota, University of, Min- 
neapolis, 48 plant specimens (exchange) 



Moore, George, Glencoe, Missouri: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Nigeria: 
11 seed samples (gift) 

Newhouse, W. J., Honolulu: lichen 
(gift) 

New York Botanical Garden, New 
York: 112 plant specimens (exchange) 

New York College of Forestry, 
State University of, Syracuse: 92 
wood specimens (exchange) 

New Zealand Department of 
Agriculture, Palmerston North: 13 
seed samples (gift) 

New Zealand Forest Service, Ro- 
torua: 17 wood specimens (exchange) 

Nielsen, Dr. Chester S., Talla- 
hassee, Florida: 428 algae (gift) 

Notre Dame, University of, Notre 
Dame, Indiana: 5,329 plant specimens, 
16 cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Palmer, Ernest J., Webb City, Mis- 
souri: 531 plant specimens (gift) 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences, Philadelphia: 1,517 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Rauh, Dr. Werner, Heidelberg, 
Germany: 27 plant specimens (gift) 

REPARTigAO Central dos Serviqo 
de Agricultura, Luanda, Angola: 41 
seed samples (gift) 

REPARTigAO Tecnica de Agricul- 
tura, Lourenco Marques, Mozam- 
bique: 5 wood specimens (exchange) 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., 
Gurnee, Illinois: fungus (gift) 

Rousseau, Dr. Jacques, Montreal: 
10 algae (gift) 

Sbarbaro, Dr. Camillo, Spotorno 
(Savona), Italy: 100 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift) 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 
Illinois: plant specimen (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Hazel crest, Illinois: 2 
lichens (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Hastings, 
Michigan: 3 plant specimens (gift) 

SOCIEDAD DE ClENCIAS NATURALES 

DE La Salle, Caracas, Venezuela: 116 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Sokal, Robert, Chicago: 32 plant 
specimens (gift) 

SouKUP, Dr. J., Lima, Peru: 35 
plant specimens (gift) 

Southern Illinois University, 
Carbondale: 6 plant specimens (gift) 



99 



Southern Rhodesia Federal Min- 
istry OF Agriculture, Mazoe: 9 seed 
samples (gift) 

Southern Rhodesia Forestry Com- 
mission, Causeway: 20 wood specimens 
(exchange) 

Sudan Ministry of Agriculture, 
Wad Medani: 18 seed samples (gift) 

Suxena, Dr. M. R., Hyderbad, 
India: alga (gift) 

SwiNK, Floyd A., Chicago: plant 
specimen (gift) 

Tennessee, University of, Knox- 
ville: 116 plant specimens (exchange) 

Thieret, Dr. John W., Homewood, 
Illinois: 37 plant specimens, 70 wood 
specimens, several economic specimens 
(gift) 

Umezaki, Dr. I., Maizura, Japan: 
3 algae (gift) 

Union of South Africa Depart- 
ment OF Forestry, Pretoria: 55 wood 
specimens (exchange) 



United States Department of 
Agriculture: plant specimen, 42 seed 
samples (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C: 457 plant specimens, 
25 photographs (exchange) 

Universidad Nacional de Eva 
Peron, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 200 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Universidad Nacional de Colom- 
bia, Bogota: 15 plant specimens (ex- 
change) : plant specimen (gift) 

Uppsala Universitets Institution- 
en FOR Systematisk botanik, Uppsala, 
Sweden: 88 plant specimens (exchange) 

Valero, M. B., Quezon City, Philip- 
pine Islands: 3 algae (gift) 

VOTH, Dr. Paul D., Chicago: 118 
algae (gift) 

Waite Agricultural Research 
Institute, Adelaide, South Australia: 
38 seed samples (gift) 

Yale University, New Haven, Con- 
necticut: 45 wood specimens (exchange) 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY -ACCESSIONS 



Belgrade, University of, Minera- 
logical Institue, Belgrade, Yugo- 
slavia: specimen containing chalco- 
phanite — Serbia (gift) 

Bonanza Mine, Vernal, Utah: 6 
specimens of gilsonite — Utah (gift) 

Boy Scouts of America, Troop 70, 
Gages Lake, Illinois: fossil insect- wing 
— Illinois (gift) 

Brady, Bernard, Chicago: 14 bra- 
chiopods — Indiana (gift) 

Brown, George F., Chicago: 7 rocks 
and minerals — Vermont, Wyoming, and 
Michigan (gift) 

Brush Laboratories Company, 
Cleveland: synthetic quartz crystal (in- 
definite loan) 

Changnon, Harry E., Worth, Illi- 
nois: specimens of limestone and de- 
composed till — Illinois (gift) 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
specimen of calcite (southern Illinois), 
collection of fossil mamals (Montana), 
107 fossil plants (gift) 

Chicago Aerial Survey Company, 
Chicago: photograph (aerial view) of 
Ship and Sag Canal area (gift) 

ChicagoNaturalHistoryMuseum: 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
(John Simon Guggenheim Memorial 



Foundation study trip, 1953-54): 21 
Devonian fossil plant specimens — 
Great Britain 

Collected by George Langford and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Alabama and Ten- 
nessee Field Trip, 1955) : 487 specimens 
of fossil plants — Alabama and Ten- 
nessee 

Collected by Dr. Sharat K. Roy 
(field trip) : group of rocks and materials 
— South Dakota 

Collected by Robert K. Wyant (Utah 
Economic Geology Field Trip, 1952): 
48 rocks and minerals — Utah and Col- 
orado 

Desart, J., Chicago: specimen con- 
taining uranium ore, specimen of zinc 
ore — New Mexico (gift) 

Duval Sulphur and Potash, Rosen- 
berg, Texas: specimen of native sulfur 
—Texas (gift) 

Greisbach, John, Ironwood, Michi- 
gan: specimen of calcite on quartzite — 
Michigan (gift) 

Hale, Shirley, and Hal Winsbor- 
ough, Chicsigo : Xenacanthus compressus 
Newberry — Illinois (gift) 

Herpers, Henry, Chicago: 8 rocks 
and minerals — New Jersey and New 
Hampshire (gift) 



100 



Illinois Minerals Company, Cairo: 
specimens of amorphous silica — Illinois 
(gift) 

Inger, Dr. Robert F., Homewood, 
Illinois: Knightia? — Wyoming (gift) 

Jackley, a. M., Pierre, South Da- 
kota: casts of pelecypod borings in 
fossil wood — South Dakota (gift) 

JoHNSEN, Clarence, Chicago: 70 
specimens of ore — Arizona (gift) 

Kreutzer, Dan, Chicago: specimen 
of coguinite — Ohio (gift) 

London, University of, London: 
cast of Acanthodians (exchange) 

Loyola University, Stritch School 
of Medicine, Chicago: 3 fossil elasmo- 
branch teeth — New Mexico (gift) 

Mather, Bryant, Chicago: 11 rocks 
and minerals — Maryland, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Illinois (gift) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Phlege- 
thonia linearis Cope, 17 fossil snakes 
and frogs — Florida and Ohio (exchange) ; 
cast of jaw of Miomustela? (gift) 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm Sweden: collection of 
Devonian fishes (Baltic), osteolepis 
restoration (open exchange) 

Oriental Institute, University of 
Chicago, Chicago: 159 fossil fishes and 
invertebrates — Lebanon and Syria (gift) 

Patrick, John, Idaho Springs, Colo- 
rado: topaz — Colorado (gift) 



Perry, George V. B., Webster 
Groves, Missouri: 3 specimens of man- 
ganese ore — Arkansas (gift) 

Powell, Clara A., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: collection of Permian fossils 
— Oklahoma (gift) 

Ramponi, Dominic, Buhl, Minnesota: 
6-pound Lake Superior agate — Lake 
Superior (gift) 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., 
Gurnee, Illinois: 3 specimens of ferru- 
ginous limestone — Pennsylvania (gift) 

Robertson, Nancy, Chicago: col- 
lection of fossil invertebrates — Michi- 
gan, Wisconsin, and Illinois (gift) 

Rose, H. G., Hinsdale, Illinois: 
specimen of petrified tree — Arizona 
(gift) 

Saint Procopius College, Lisle, 
Illinois: specimen of Notogoneus osculus 
Cope — Wyoming (exchange) 

Schwerdtfeger, W. E., Rock Falls, 
Kansas: specimen of gypsum — Kansas 
(gift) 

Shultz, Mrs. Jean, Chicago: quart 
of crude shale-oil — Colorado (gift) 

Smith, Mrs. W. R., Falls Church, 
Virginia: 2 rocks containing 3 minerals 
— Virginia (gift) 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. R. H., 
Evanston, Illinois: specimen of Lepido- 
derma mazonense and 42 fossil Pennsyl- 
vanian plants — Illinois (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY-ACCESSIONS 



American Museum of Natural 
History, Department of Insects and 
Spiders, New York: 4 batflies— Ari- 
zona (exchange); 14 beetles — Mexico 
(gift) 

Austin, Barton S., Woodstock, Illi- 
nois: birdskin — Illinois (gift) 

Barker, R. Wright, Bellaire, Texas: 
5 lots of nonmarine snails — Colombia 
(gift) 

Beetle, Dorothy, Laramie, Wyo- 
ming: collection of inland shells — South 
America (gift) 

Blomquist, Dr. Conrad, Chicago: 
snake — Virginia (gift) 

Boe, Roger W., Broadview, Illinois: 
collection of inland shells — Missouri; 
11 frogs — United States (gift) 

Bond, Beatrice, Chicago: beetle — 
Dutch Guiana (gift) 



BONDAR, Dr. Gregorio, Bahia, Bra- 
zil: 2 fishes — Brazil (gift) 

Bradbury, Margaret G., Evanston, 
Illinois, 8,588 fishes — northeastern Illi- 
nois (gift) 

Bragg, Dr. Arthur N., Norman, 
Oklahoma: 23 lots of tadpoles — Okla- 
homa (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 2,792 beetles — world- 
wide (open exchange) 

Brown, Dr. Walter C, Stanford 
University, California: 3 frog larvae — 
Philippine Islands (exchange) 

Burns, Lieutenant Colonel Ken- 
neth F., Fort Sam Houston, Texas: 
16 bats — Texas, Mexico, Arkansas, 
and Louisiana (gift) 



101 



California, University of, Muse- 
um OF Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley: 
4 birdskins — Mexico (exchange) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 41 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Arabia (exchange) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 24 
lots of nonmarine shells (including 9 
paratypes) — South America (exchange) 

Ceballos B., Ismael, Cuzco, Peru: 
11 mammals, 53 nonmarine shells — 
Peru (gift) 

Chicago Academy of Sciences, 
Chicago: 4 lizards — Hawaii (gift) 

C H ic ago Natural H istory Museum : 

Collected by D. Dwight Davis 
(Southwest Zoological Field Trip, 1955) : 
21 mammals, 7 mammal skulls, mam- 
mal skeleton — Texas 

Collected by Luis de la Torre (Mex- 
ico Zoological field trip, 1954): 12 rei>- 
tiles and amphibians, 35 mammals, 31 
insects — Mexico 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (South- 
east Zoological Field Trip, 1955) : snake 
— Tennessee 

Collected by Gerd H. Heinrich (Con- 
over Angola Expedition, 1954-55): 
1,935 birdskins, 142 reptiles and am- 
phibians, 1,035 mammals, 835 insects, 
6 pickled bird-heads — Angola 

Collected by Celestino Kalinowski 
(Peru Zoological Expedition, 1953-54): 
591 insects, 55 reptiles and amphibians 
— Peru 

Collected by Dr. C. L. Koch (Vemay- 
Transvaal Museum Expedition to Ku- 
nene River and Angola, 1954): 94 
beetles — South Africa and Angola 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Colo- 
rado field trip, 1953): bird skeleton — 
Colorado 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (Na- 
tional Science Foundation field trip to 
Trinidad, 1954): 184 mammals, 150 
insects — Trinidad 

Collected by Dr. Kari P. Schmidt, 
D. D wight Davis, and Hymen Marx 
(Southwest Zoological Field Trip, 1955) : 
185 reptiles and amphibians — Mexico 
and southwestern United States 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyer- 
mark (Venezuela Botanical Expedition 
in Collaboration with New York Bo- 
tanical Garden, 1954-55): 3 birdskins, 
82 fishes, 9 landshells, 32 reptiles and 
amphibians — Venezuela 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel 
(Pacific States Zoological Field Trip, 
1954): 3 salamanders — California 



Collected by Loren P. Woods (Mex- 
ico Zoological Field Trip, 1954-55) : sea- 
turtle, 487 lots of fishes — Mexico 

Purchases: 131,767 insects, 258 birds, 
5 sets of bird eggs, 457 reptiles and 
amphibians, 175 lots of lower inverte- 
brates, 261 manunals, 53 fishes 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 6 mammals, 2 bird 
skeletons,^ crocodile — various localities 
(gift) 

CoRYNDON Museum, Nairobi, Kenya: 
7 birdskins — East Africa (exchange) 

Crabill, Dr. Ralph E., St. Louis: 
paratype of centipede — South Carolina 
(gift) 

CuNEO, John, Libertyville, Illinois: 
kangaroo — Australia (gift) 

Daggy, Dr. Thomas, Davidson, 
North Carolina: flat bug — North Caro- 
lina (gift) 

Daleske, Donald J., Chicago: 19 
fishes — North and South Korea (gift) 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton Park, 
Illinois: 12 mammals — California and 
Illinois (gift) 

DoLAN, Tom, Berwyn, Illinois: 
camera lucida for drawing microscopic 
specimens (gift) 

Drake, Robert J., Tucson, Arizona: 
17 landshells, 4 fresh- water snails — 
Mexico (gift) 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 536 insects — Indiana, Kentucky, 
and Tennessee (gift) 

ElGSTi, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
41 insects — Nebraska (gift) 

Fechtner, Frederick R., Cham- 
paign, Illinois: 159 fresh- water clams — 
Illinois (gift) 

Field, Dr. Hen-ry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 227 shells— Persian Gulf and 
Pakistan; 66 reptiles and amphibians 
—Florida (gift) 

Field, Dr. and Mrs. Henry, Coco- 
nut Grove, Florida: 73 seashells — Per- 
sian Gulf (gift) 

Fleetwood, R. J., Cocorro, New 
Mexico: 2 snakes — New Mexico (gift) 

Gabriel, Father, Emakulam, India: 
38 reptiles and amphibians — India (ex- 
change) 

GiFFORD, Cameron E., Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 13 mammals — Illinois (gift) 

GiLLASPY, James E., Twin Falls, 
Idaho: 8 wasps — United States (gift) 

Glass, Dr. Bryan P., Stillwater, 
Oklahoma: 3 mammals — Oklahoma 
(gift) 



102 



Gloyd, Dr. Howard K., Chicago: 
Chicago — Ryukyu Islands (gift) 

GoTTSCH, Werner H., Houston, 
Texas: alligator — Texas (gift) 

Grau, Gilbert, Hollywood, Cali- 
fornia: 20 lower invertebrates — world- 
wide (exchange) 

Green, J. W., San Francisco: 3 in- 
sects — Kentucky and Texas (gift) 

Greenhall, Arthur M., Port-of- 
Spain, Trinidad: 24 mammals — Trini- 
dad (gift) 

Grocott, Dr. Robert G., An con, 
Panama Canal Zone: 3 reptiles and 
amphibians — Panama (gift) 

Hardy, Mac, Garfield, Arkansas: 3 
snakes — Arkansas (gift) 

Harrison, Dr. J. L., Kuala Lumpur, 
Malaya: 64 mammals — Malaya (gift) 

Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 
Israel: 101 reptiles and amphibians — 
Palestine (exchange) 

Heinzelmann, Dr. Alfred, Piura, 
Peru: 29 mammals — Peru (gift) 

Hemingway, John, Homewood, 
Illinois: alligator — Louisiana (gift) 

Hendrickson, Dr. John R., Singa- 
pore, Malaya: 126 fishes, snake — Malay 
Peninsula and Singapore (gift) 

Hentig, Roland von, Chicago: 2 
reptiles; 3,142 insects — Borneo and 
Sumatra (gift) 

HoLUB, Dr. H., Kalimantan-Barat, 
Indonesia: lizard, turtle, birdskin, mam- 
mal, 2 lower invertebrates — Indonesia 
(gift) 

HooGSTRAAL, Harry, Cairo, Egypt : 
198 mammals, 214 reptiles and amphib- 
ians, 136 insects, 35 birdskins — Egypt, 
Turkey, Yemen, Uganda, and eastern 
Africa; 110 reprints of papers about 
insects for pamphlet collection in Mu- 
seum's Division of Insects (gift) 

Howden, Dr. Henry, Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 5 beetles — United States 
(gift) 

HuBBS, Dr. Clark, Austin, Texas: 
78 fishes — Texas, Mexico, and Costa 
Rica (gift) 

Inger, Dr. Robert F., Homewood, 
Illinois: 400 fishes — Wyoming and 
South Dakota; 7 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — United States (gift) 

Institut Royal des Sciences Na- 
turelles de Belgique, Brussels: 130 
fresh-water shells — Lake Tanganyika, 
Central Africa; 2 frogs — Belgian Congo 
and Ruanda (exchange) 



IssEL, Willi, Garmisch-Partenkir- 
chen, Germany: 5 mammals — Germany 
(exchange) 

Jameson, Dr. E. W., Jr., Davis, 
California: 6 insects — California (ex- 
change) 

Klauber, Lawrence M., San Diego: 
snake — Galapagos Islands (exchange) 

Koch, Karl Ludwig, Frankfort-am- 
Main, Germany: birdskin — east coast 
of Madagascar (gift) 

KOMAREK, E. v., Thomasville, Geor- 
gia: 10 mammels — Georgia and Flor- 
ida (gift) 

Krauss, N. L. H., Honolulu: 8 frogs 
— Mexico; 12 bettles — Lami, Viti Levu, 
Fiji (gift) 

Layne, Dr. James N., Carbondale, 
Illinois: 4 insects — Illinois, New York 
(gift) 

Levi, Dr. H. W., Madison, Wiscon- 
sin: salamanders — Colorado (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 12 rep- 
tiles and amphibians — various localities 
(gift) 

Lopes, H. Souza de, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 40 nonmarine shells — South 
America (gift) 

Lowe, Dr. Charles H., Jr., Tucson, 
Arizona: 29 reptiles and amphibians — 
Southwestern United States and Mexico 
(gift) 

LowRiE, Lieutenant Commander 
Donald C, FPO San Francisco: 28 
reptiles and amphibians — Japan and 
Ryukyu Islands (gift) 

Lundelius, Dr. E. L., Nedlands, 
Western Australia: 17 lizards — Western 
Australia (gift) 

Manda, Gary, 5 mammals — Illinois 
(gift) 

Mavromoustakis, C. a., Limassol, 
Cyprus: birdskin — Cyprus (gift) 

McCafferty, Tom, Spring Grove, 
Illinois: 6 fishes — Illinois (gift) 

Medem, Dr. Frederick J., Bogota, 
Colombia: 37 nonmarine shells, 61 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 13 mammals — 
Colombia (gift) 

Michigan, University of. Museum 
of Zoology, Ann Arbor: 41 fishes — 
United States; 13 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Mexico and Siam (exchange) ; col- 
lection of paratypical landshells — South 
and Central America; 251 lots of shells 
Western Pacific Ocean; lot of miscel- 
laneous bones — Guatemala (gift) 

Millar, John R., Skokie, Illinois: 
7 mammals — Illinois (gift) 



103 



MiLSTEAD, Dr. William W., Alpine, 
Texas: 503 reptiles and amphibians — 
Brazil (gift) 

MiNTON, Dr. Sherman, Indian- 
apolis: snake (type) — Texas (gift) 

Moore, Ian, El Cajon, California: 
8 beetles — California and Mexico (gift) 

Mover, Jack T., Hamilton, New 
York: 307 birdskins — Japan and Korea 
(gift) 

MusEE Royal du Congo Bblge, 
Tervuren, Belgium: 36 beetles — Bel- 
gian Congo (gift) 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales "Bernardino Rivadivia," 
Buenos Aires, Argentina: 21 beetles — 
Argentina (exchange) 

MUSEUO DE HiSTORIA NATURAL, 

Montivideo, Uruguay: 9 fresh-water 
clams, 3 fresh-water shells — Uruguay 
(gift) 

Museum and Art Gallery, Durban, 
Natal, South Africa: 8 birdskins — South 
(exchange) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 turtles — 
Cuba and Kenya Colony (exchange); 
13 turtles — Iraq, Iran, and Syria (gift) 

National Museum, Manila: 50 bird- 
skins — Philippine Islands (exchange) 

Naturhistorisches Museum, 
Vieen, Austria: 32 beetles — mostly New 
World tropics (exchange) 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm: 112 landshells — Chile and 
Peru (gift) 

Natuurhistorisch Museum, Maas- 
tricht, Netherlands: 26 beetles — South 
America, chiefly Brazil (exchange) 

Netterstrom, R., Ostersund, Swe- 
den: mammal — Sweden (exchange) 

Oriental Institute, University of 
Chicago, Chicago: 18 mammals in 
alcohol, 45 mammal skins, 23 mammal 
skeletons, 4 wild-goat-horn trophies, 
11 bird skeletons, 2 birds in alcohol, 
208 landshells, 198 insects, 346 reptiles 
and amphibians — Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, 
and Syria (gift) 

Pain, T., London: 13 nonmarine 
shells — South America (gift) 

Palmer, Dr. Ralph S., and Frances 
Benedict, Albany, New York: 800 
labeled microscope slides of bat hairs 
— various localities (gift) 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: 7 birdskins — Venezuela (gift) 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences, Philadelphia: birdskin — Bo- 
livia (exchange) 



Plattner, Dr. F., Tabriz, Iran: 35 
fresh-water shells — Iran (gift) 

Poll, Dr. Max, Tervuren, Belgium: 
4 fishes — South Atlantic off West Africa 
(exchange) 

Rabor, Dr. D. S., Dumaguete, 
Negros, Philippine Islands: 1,051 bird- 
skins — Philippine Islands (exchange) 

Rand, A. Stanley, Chesterton, In- 
diana: 18 lizards^Indiana (gift) 

RlJKSMUSEUM VAN NATUURLIJKE 

HiSTORiE, Leiden, Netherlands: 5 fresh- 
water clams — Dutch New Guinea (ex- 
change) 

Royal Ontario Museum of Zo- 
ology, Toronto: snake — Canada (gift) 

Sao Paulo, Secretaria da Agricul- 

TURA do ESTADO DE, DiVISAO DE REP- 

TILEIS E DE Anfibos, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
2 frogs — Brazil (exchange) 

ScHERBA, Dr. Gerald, Chicago: 
salamander — Mexico (gift) 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale, New York: 125 shells — world- 
wide (gift) 

Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Maine, Germany: turtle — Pakistan 
(exchange) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
seaturtle, crab, 2 fishes — various locali- 
ties (gift) 

SiOLi, Dr. Harald, Manaus, Brazil: 
58 inland shells — Lower Amazon basin 
(gift) 

SoKOLOFF, Dr. Alexander, Chicago: 
2 snakes — Indiana (gift) 

Stanford University, Museum of 
Zoology, Stanford University, Cali- 
fornia: lizard — Sarawak (exchange) 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Bar- 
rington, Illinois: mammal — Illinois (gift) 

Sugden, W., Berkshire, England: 610 
seashells — Persian Gulf (gift) 

Thomas, William A., Chicago: 10 
birdskins — arctic America (gift) 

Thurow, Gordon R., Bloomington, 
Indiana: 10 salamanders — Illinois (gift) 

Traub, Lieutenant Colonel 
Robert, Kuala Lumpur, Malaya: 19 
slides of fleas — Africa, Madagascar, 
South America, and New Guinea (gift) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Milford, Connecticut: 14 snail 
shells — Connecticut (gift); and Pasca- 
goula, Mississippi: 46 fishes — Gulf of 
Mexico (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 74 beetles — United 
States and South America; 4 fishes — 



104 



Colombia, Hawaii, Bikini Atoll, and 
Philippine Islands; snake — Egypt (ex- 
change) 

ViLLALOBOS F., D. A., Mexico, D.F.: 
266 fresh-water shells — Mexico (ex- 
change) 

Walsh, Fraser, care of PM, San 
Francisco: 3 mammals, 25 insects — 
Formosa (gift) 

Weller, J. M., Chicago, Illinois: 14 
fresh-water shells — Philippine Islands 
(gift) 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Lima, 
Peru: 90 shells — Bermuda, Jamaica, 
and Peru (exchange) 

Williams, Dr. John G., Nairobi, 
Kenya, East Africa: 13 birdskins — East 
Africa (gift) 

Wisconsin, University of, Madi- 
son: 3 beetles — Wisconsin (exchange) 



Wistar Institute of Anatomy and 
Biology, Philadelphia: baleen-whale 
skeleton — locality unknown (gift) 

Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 4 mammals — Indiana (gift) 

ZiEMER, August, Evergreen Park, 
Illinois: 198 shells — Wisconsin and 
Solomon Islands (gift) 

Zoological Survey of India, Cal- 
cutta: 11 reptiles and amphibians — 
India and Ceylon (exchange) 

Zoologisches Museum Berlin, 
West Berlin, Germany: 16 reptiles and 
amphibians — Africa and Orient (ex- 
change) 

ZooLOGiscH Museum Amsterdam, 
Amsterdam, Netherlands: birdskin — 
Netherlands (exchange) 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY -ACCESSIONS 



Chicago NaturalHistoryMuseum: 

Made by Division of Photography: 

1,510 negatives, 20,934 prints, 823 en- 



largements, 410 kodachromes, 141 lan- 
tern slides 



DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES -ACCESSIONS 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 
"Volcanoes" (Museum expedition) 
(900 feet, color film) 

Film Associates, Los Angeles: 
"Rocks and Minerals" (400 feet, color, 
sound film) — purchase 



International Film Bureau, In- 
corporated, Chicago: "Angotee" (1,100 
feet, color, sound film) — purchase 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM -ACCESSIONS 

Donors (Institutions) 

Fujita Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan John Crerar Library, Chicago 



Donors (Individuals) 

Arango, Luis Angel, Banco de la 
Republica, Bogota, Colombia 

Benke, Mr. and Mrs. Paul A., Chicago 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Washington, 
D.C. 



Deane, Mrs. Mabel Quimby, Grand 
Rapids, Michigan 

Ehlich, Mrs. Herman, Park Ridge, 
Illinois 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida 



105 



Gerhard, William J., Chicago Quimby, George I., Chicago 

Graham, Dr. David C, Englewood, Quimby, Thomas H. E., East Lansing, 

Colorado Michigan 
Grayhead, Walter L., Ashland, 

Kentucky „. , , , ,. , Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 

Grey, Arthur L., Highland Park, Indiana 

Illinois 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Hebrew University, „, !?°if „ , „ ,^ . ,,. , . 

Jersualem Israel Sherii, Dr. Earl E., Hastmgs, Michigan 

Hambly, Dr'. Wilfrid D., Chicago Somerville, Robert, Chicago 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago Stough, Robert A., Chicago 

Just, Dr. Theodor, Oak Park, Illinois Taubenhaus, Dr. Matthew, Chicago 

Liewald, Richard, Chicago Tsien, Tsuen-hsuin, Oriental Institute, 

University of Chicago 
Nelson, Dr. Edward M., Chicago 

Nelson, Harry G., Harvey, Illinois Wilson, A. F., Short Hills, New Jersey 



Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift; Exchange, or Purchase) 

BOOKS 

Apfelbeck, Viktor, Die Kdfer fauna der Balkanhalbinsel, Klein-Asiens und der 

Insel Kreta, v. 1— (1904—) 
Ballauf , Theodur, Die Wissenschaft vom Leben. Bd. 1 . Eine Geschichte der Biologie 

vom Altertum bis zur Romantik, v. 1 — (c. 1954 — ) 
Berge, Friedrich, Fr. Berge's Schmetterlingsbuch, 6th ed. (1882) 
Blochmann, Friedrich, Die Mikroskopische Pflanzen- und Thierwelt des Siisswassers. 

Abt. 1. Protozoa. 2nd ed. (1895) 
Bolten, Joachim, Museum Boltenianum (1906) 
Camus, Armand Gaston, and E. Gustave Camus, Classification des Saules d'Europe 

et monographie des Saules de France, 2 v. (1904-5) 
Cap, Paul Antoine Gratacap, Le Museum d'Histoire Naturelle (1854) 
Chapuis, Felicien, Monographie des Platypides (1866) 
Daude, Oscar, Die Okologie der Pflanzen (1913) 
Dubois, Raphael, Etude sur le mecanisme de la thermogenese et du somm£il chez 

les mammiferes. Physiologie comparee de la Marmotte (1896) 
Dumas, E., Conchyliologie Bourbonnaise (Faune de VAllier), pt. 1 (1895), pt. 2 (1901) 
Dumeril, Andre Marie Constant, Traite elementaire d'histoire naturelle (1804) 
Eardley-Wilmot, Sainthill, The life of a tiger (1911) 
Fischer, Paul Henri, Melanges de Conchyliologie (1854-56) 
Fowler, William Weeks, Coleoptera of the British Islands (1887-1913) 
Fuessly, Johann Caspar, Magazin fuer EnloTOologie, 2 v. (1778-79) 
Gromier, Emile, La vie des animaux sauvages de VAfrique; la faune de Guinee (1936) 
Guerin, Franciscus Antonius, Dictionnaire pittoresque d'histoire naturelle et des 

phenomenes de la nature, 12 v. (1834-39) 
Hayes, William C, The sceptre of Egypt. Pt. 1 . From the earliest times to the end 

of the Middle Kingdom (1953) 
Horst, Rutger, and Mattheus Marinus Schepman, Catalogue systematique des 

Mollusques, Leyden, 2 v. (1894-99) 
Houston, Mary Gal way. Ancient Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Persian costume 

and decoration, 2nd ed. (1954) 

106 



Huet, Jean Baptiste, Collection de Mammiferes du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 

de Paris; classee suivani la Methode de M. Cuvier, 4th ed. (1829) 
Index to the literature of American economic entomology, v. 1-12 (1905-52) 
Keesing, Felix Maxwell, Social anthropology in Polynesia; a review of research (1953) 
Kukenthal, Willy Georg, Handbuch der Zoologie, v. 1-7 — (1923-55) 
Le M6e, Albert, Flore de la Guyane frangaise, v. 1-3 (1952-55) 
Lyonet, Pierre, Recherches sur I'anatomie et les metamorphoses de differentes especes 

d'insectes (1834) 
Mabille, Jules, Histoire malacologique du Bassin Parisien (1871) 
Marquand, Ernest David, Flora of Guernsey (1901) 
Parsa, Ahmad, Flore de I'Iran, v. 2-4 (1948-50) 
Prado, Alcides, Serpentes do Brazil (1955) 
Revue d'Histoire Naturelle (La Societe Nationale d'Acclimatation de France), 

11 V. (1920-30) 
Rosenhauer, Wilhelm Gottlob, Die Thiere Andalusiens . . . (1856) 
Valmont de Bomare, Jacques Christophe, Dictionnaire raisonne universel d'Histoire 

naturelle, new revised edition, 6 v. (1775) 

SERIALS 

American Fisheries Society. Transactions, v. 63-70 (1933-40) 

Annales Entomologici Fennici. v. 5-10 (1939-44) 

Entomologische Blatter; Zeitschrift fur Biologic und Systematik der Kdfer. Berlin, 

V. 4-10 (1908-14) 
Entomologische Rundschau. Stuttgart, v. 26-29, 35-37 
Fauna SSSR. v. 40, 49-54, 56, 58 

Idea; journal of the Entomological Society of Indonesia, v. 1-10 (1935-54) 
Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift; Organ des Internationalen entomologen- 

Bundes zu Guben. v. 1-29 (1907-35) 
Societa Entomologica Italiana. Bullettino. Florence, v. 53-80 (1921-50) 
Soci6t6 Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Memoires. v. 1-4 (1823-28) 
Soci6t6 Lepidopt^rologique de Geneve. Bulletin, v. 1-5 (1905-27) 
Torrey Botanical Club Index. (1951-55 — ) 



REPRESENTATIVE CHINESE-JAPANESE ACCESSIONS 
EAST ASIAN COLLECTION 

STANDARD REFERENCE WORKS 

Chu, Shih-chia, Chung-kuo ti-fang-chih tsung-lu (1935) 
Ho, To-yiian, Chung-wen ts'an-k'ao-shu chih-nan (1939) 
Liang, Tztl-han, Chung-kuo li-tai shu-mu tsung-lu (1953) 
Pan, Tso-cheng, Ku-chin t'ung hsing-ming ta-tzu-tien (1936) 
Ting, Fu-pao, Shuo-wen chieh-tzu ku-lin (1928); Supplement (1932) 

TITLES (some of REFERENCE NATURE) RELEVANT TO THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF CHINA 

Fang, Kuan-cheng, Ch'ing-t'a mien-hua t'u 
Jung, K§ng, Chin-wen pien (1925) 

, Shang Chou yi-ch'i t'ung-k'ao (1941) 

, Han Wu Liang tz'u hua-hsiang lu (1936) 

Sun, Hai-po, Chia-ku-wen pien 1934) 

Sun, Shih-pai, Chi-mu tsang t'ao (1943) 

T'ao, Hsiang, Hsi-yung-hsiian ts'ung-shu (1927-31) 

Ting, Fu-pao, Ku ch'ien ta-tz'u-tien (1938-39) 

Yung-pao-chai, Peip'ing Yung-pao-chai shih-chien p'u (1935) 



107 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 



Ayer, Edward, E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* deceased 



Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N . 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Beyer, Professor H. O. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 
Field, Marshall 



Field, Stanley 
Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 



Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vemay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadboume, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



Day, Lee Gamett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 



Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vemay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



108 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abb6 Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P. Georges 

Keith, Professor Sir Arthur 



Humbert, Professor 
Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 

DECEASED, 1955 

Leon, Brother (Sauget y Barbier, Joseph S.) 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1 ,000 to $1 00,000 to the Museum 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep,»Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold, E.* 
Buchen, Walther 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vemay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

♦deceased 



in mx)ney or materials 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell* 
Bensabott, R. 

Chadboume, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H. 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

The 

Sargent, Homer E. 



Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Mil ward* 
American Friends of 
China 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 



109 



CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 



MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Re veil, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Clyborne, Harry Vearn 
Clyborne, Mary Elizabeth 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C* 
Dybas, Henry S. 

* deceased 



Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 

Gerhard, William J. 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Ytin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 



Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Odell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Clarence* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse Langdon 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Searle, John G. 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thome 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thome, Mrs. Louise E.* 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 
Trier, Robert 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P. 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell, L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 



Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 
Crane 



Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



110 



CORPORATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Day, Lee Gamett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fen ton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 



Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 



Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, Lester 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Bumham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 



Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Femald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 



Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 



111 



LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 



Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 



Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 



Wickwire, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 



Crossett, Edward C. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 



DECEASED, 1955 

Farr, Miss Shirley 
Pick, Albert 



Thorne, Robert J. 
Winston, Garrard B. 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $1 00 to the Museum 



Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Ehlers, Clarence P. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 

Gregg, John Wyatt 



Hearne, Knox 
HoUoman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Moeller, George 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 



Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Shirey, Dwight 
Stem, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Vemay, Arthur S. 

Weaver, Mrs. Lydia C. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 
Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 



Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 



Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Philip D. 



112 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

William A. 
Am, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, Mrs. John S. 
Bamett, Claude A. 
Bamhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Harold G. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 



Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bingham, Carl G. 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 



Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Jospeh L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boal, Thomas 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Mrs. John 

Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 



113 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Isadore 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunsvold, Mrs. 

Henrietta A. 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Bums, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Paul 

Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 



Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Jeannette 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cemoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Christen sen, E. C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clements, George L. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 



Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Coates, John M. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collier, Mrs. Corina 

Melder 
Collins, Beryl B. 
CoUison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooley, Gordon A., Sr. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Creange, A. L. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 



114 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Crooks, Harry D. 
Crowley, C. A. 
Crown, Robert 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Paul 
Dahlberg, Wendell 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. 

Nathan S., Ill 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles 0. 
De Costa, Lewis M. 
de Dardel, Carl O. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 



Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 

Denney, Ellis H. 

Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 

Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 

De Vries, David 

De Witt, Dennis 

Dick, Edison 

Dick, Elmer J. 

Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 

Dickinson, F. R. 

Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Dickinson, 

William R., Jr. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Dole, John L. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dombusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudak, Mrs. Anna 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 



Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Howard 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
English, William L. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Everett, William S. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs B. J. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Famham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faulkner, Charles J. 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Howard 
Feiwell, Morris E. 



115 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Felix, Benjamin, B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Femald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Mrs. 

Edward R. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Bumham M. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, William 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 



Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Gelling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gemgross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 



Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Click, Louis G. 
Godley, Mrs. John M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golber, David 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Greenacre, Miss Cordelia 

Ann 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T, 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 



116 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Henry N. 
Hart, Max A. 



Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Has.s, G. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heffeman, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 



Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Bertol 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Hoflfmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Homer, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Albee 



117 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 
Katherine J. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igo, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, AUin K. 
IngersoU, Mrs. S. L. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Jansey, Dr. Felix 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 



Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarrow, Harry W. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Gilbert 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjom 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, J. Morris 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Mrs. Lillian F. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 



Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Kent, Robert H. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchen, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Kohler, Eric L. 



118 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Komblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
KropflF, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtz, W. O. 
Kurtzon, Morris 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lafiin, Miss June 

Atchison 
Lafiin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lafiin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Ill 
Lafiin, Miss Mary 

Josephine 
Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langenbach,Mrs.AliceR. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhome, George 

Tayloe 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 



Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavezzorio, N. J. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leahy, James F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Toumeau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levi, Julian H. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebenson, Harold A. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, .Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 



Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludgin, Earle 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
MacMurray, Mrs, 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 



119 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James R. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGum, Matthew S. 



Mcllvaine, William B. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Meidell, Harold 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milbum, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T., Jr. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Mintum, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 



Mitchell, Maurice B. 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Moray, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. PaulS. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulhem, Edward F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Michael 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 



120 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Gene 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberielder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Offield, Wrigley 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
01 sen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Omdoff , Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osbom, Theodore L. 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 



Otis, Stuart Huntington 
O'Toole, Bartholomew 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Perry, William A. 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Elmer M. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth F. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 



Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plummer, Comer 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charies A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Pope, John W. 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Pray, Max 
Prentice, John K. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall; Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 



121 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Rathje, Frank C. 
Ratiier, Walter B. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Famsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Re Qua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 



Roebuck, Mrs. A. S. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romane, Julian J. (Pat) 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salk, Erwin A. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 



Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilda 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schutz, Thomas A. 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Ema 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seavems, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester . 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shaffer, Carroll 



122 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {continued) 



Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe. N. M. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Shumway, Spencer 

Thomas 
Sidley, William P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Skarm, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 



Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
So per, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas L 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle L 
Starrels, Joel 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stem, Alfred Whital 
Stem, David B. 
Stem, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stem, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 



Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thai, Dr. Paul E. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thombum, John N. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 



123 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Tockstein, Miss 

Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Tread well, H. A. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 

UUmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
Van Hagen, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Schaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vette, J. L. 



Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogl, Otto 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
von Glahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watkins, George H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 



Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
WilHams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 



124 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Wilson, D. H. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, H. B., Sr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 
Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 



Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adler, Mrs. Max 

Bartholomay, Henry 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
BufRington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 

Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 

Dickinson, Robert B. 
Doering, Otto C. 

Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Erickson, James A. 

Fabry, Herman 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 



Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. Rollin D. 
Wood, William G. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yondorf, John David 

DECEASED, 1955 

Hanley, Henry L. 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Hokin, Mrs. Barney E. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Hudson, Walter L. 

Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Otis L. 

Kelly, William J. 
Kraus, Peter J. 

Lane, Ray E. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Liss, Samuel 
Love, Chase W. 

Martin, Mrs. William P. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Moderwell, Charles M. 

Naber, Henry G. 



Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. 

Elmer K. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 



Poole, Mrs. Marie R. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Rassweiler, August 
Razim, A. J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Roth, Aaron 
Rupprecht, Mrs. 
Edgar P. 

Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Sello, George W. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Short, J. R. 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 

Theobald, Dr. John J. 

Wallovick, J. H. 



NON'RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Droste, Albert C. 



Hagerty, Kenneth A. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 



Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Stevens, Edmund W. 

Trott, James Edwards 

Whipple, Miss Velma D. 

125 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Ashe, Clayton 
Austin, Edwin C. 

Baldwin, Rosecfans 
Berwanger, Jay 
Bliss, Vincent R. 

Cathcart, Silas S. 

Dry, Meyer 
Duclos, George A. 

Farley, Preston 

Guilbault, Joseph E. 



Hume, Patrick H. 
Hunt, Jarvis 

Jacobson, A. J. 
Jonswold, C. R. 

Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Kraus, William C. 

Lewellen, John B. 

Matthews, Stewart B. 
Minas, Karl K. 
Morgan, John Alden 

Ott, John Nash, Jr. 

DECEASED, 1955 

Lay, Mrs. Edward P. 



Plunkett, Paul M. 
Prall, Bert R. 
Price, Mark 

Ross, Earl 

Sheridan, Jay 
Sorensen, T. R. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 

Van Koert, Lewis I. 

Winslow, Seth L. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abel, Miles L. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Ackermann, Kurt J. 
Adams, Mrs. Anne 
Adams, Mrs. Carleton B. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Adler, David 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Aeby, Miss Jacquelyn 
Ahem, Edwin W. 
Ahlfeld, William J. 
Aitken, Gordon 
Akerhaugen, Alfred 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberding, Charles 

Howard 
Albiez, George 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Alford, Lore W. 
Allais, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Hubert E. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allison, Anthony G. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 



Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Alter, James 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Carlyle E. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Anderson, William A. 
Andrews, C. Prentiss 
Anger, Frank G. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Anson, Dr. B. J. 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Archer, Ralph C. 
Armstrong, Victor C. 
Arnkoflf, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 



Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Aurelio, Anthony J. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Warren 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Ayers, William P. 

Backman, C. E. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Baechle, Carl 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bagley, A. B. 
Bahr, Carl W. 
Bailey, A. C. 
Bailey, George E. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Baker, Robert C. 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Ball, Mrs. Olive W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 
Balsam, Herman 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Barancik, Maurice A. 



126 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Barber, H. B. 
Barclay, Harold 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barden, Horace G. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, Robert Clyde 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barlow, John T. 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, William H. 
Barnett, Mitchell N. 
Barnett, Stephen D. 
Barney, Albert S. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, William A. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, C. W. 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Arthur H. 
Barton, Miss Lucy F. 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bates, Dr. Alvin F. 
Bates, Bennitt E. 
Bauer, Eugene C. 
Bauer, Dr. Mortimer B. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 
Bavelaar, William D. 
Bavirsha, Frank G. 
Baxt. David B. 
Baxter, Miss Edith P. 
Baxter, George R. 
Baxter, James P. 
Baxter, John H. 
Baxter, Mark L. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Bays, Mrs. T. L., Sr. 
Beall, R. M. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 



Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, David 
Beckett, James D. 
Beckstrom, Miss 

Lucile M. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beigel, Herbert A. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belden, V. R. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Bell, Arthur 
Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, D. C. 
Bell, Dr. Julius N. 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bennigsen, Ray C. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Berens, Dr. David G. 
Berens, Edward P. 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Seymour 
Bernsohn, A. W. 
Bernstein, Saul 
Bert, Vernon J. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessy, William 
Beven, T. D. 
Bick, Carl A. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bidwill, Arthur J. 
Biedermann, Leo F. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Bikle, W. E. 
Bindenagel, Wilbur E. 
Binder, Miss Kay 
Birch, Dr. George W. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Birndorf, B. A. 
Bishop, James R. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 



Bittrich, Miss Grace 
Bjork, Eskil L 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blakesley, Mrs. Lucille T. 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blatchford, Edward W. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Samuel W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenfeld, Robert 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blumenthal, Dr. Irving 
Blumenthal, Milton M. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Boatwright, Lester H. 
Bobus, Charles E. 
Bodman, Robert E. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Boe, E. O. 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bohrer, George O. 
Bohrer, Mason L. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bonifield, Charles 
Bonfig, Henry C. 
Borcherdt, Mrs. 

Robert T. 
Borrowdale, Thomas M. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bowen, Mrs. 

Clarence W. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, Arthur S. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyar, Sidney L. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradley, Dr. Garnet 
Bradshaw, Robert Y. 
Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brady, Michael J. 



127 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Leslie A. 
Brandt, Richard C. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brann, Mrs. Hedwig F. 
Brannan, Robert H. 
Braucher, Ralph L. 
Braun, James B. 
Brazee, J. L. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brent, John F. 
Brewer, Mrs. C. 0. 
Brewer, George E. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briese, Carl J. 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Brock, WilHam N. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bromberg, Benjamin 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Broska, Joseph 
Brosseit, George E. 
Brown, Adelbert 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, Mrs. George W. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Browne, Aldis J., Jr. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Brownell, Miss Beryl 

Ann 
Bruce, A. D. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Bryant, Fred 
Brye, Edvin 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buckels, Charles K. 
Buckley, Homer J. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buge, William R. 
Buhring, Albert G. 
Bulk, George C. 



Bulfer, Dr. Andrew F. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burd, James E. 
Burg, Charles J. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burke, Edmund L. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnham, Mrs. 

Daniel H. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burrell, D. H., Ill 
Burroughs, John L. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold William 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Button, B. B., Jr. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Mrs. Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, O. E. 
Cahill, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Calhoun, James L. 
Callan, T. J. 
Caloger, Philip D. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Cameron, John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camino, Dr. Rudolph 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Mrs. C. C. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Colin L. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, John Noble 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carlton, Howard A. 
Carpenter, Herbert R. 



Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, Ernest J. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Carson, Frederick R. 
Carstens, Edward E. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassetty, Rev. W. M., Jr. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cella, John L. 
Cervenka, Carl 
Chace, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, George R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chambless, E. F. 
Chapin, Mrs. E. 

Bartholomay 
Chaplicki, Edward J. 
Chapman, James 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chester, W. T. 
Chiara, Anthony R. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, Robert 

Livingston 
Childs, William C. 
Choate, Mrs. D. H., Jr. 
Chrisman, Roswell H. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christian, John F. 
C hristmann , Valentine H . 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Church, Freeman S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Harry A. 
Clark, Herbert B. 
Clark, Miss Herma 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clarke, H. G. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clarke, Dr. T. Howard 
Clarkson, John L. 
Cleaver, J. Benjamin 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clifton, O. W. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 



128 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Clovis, Paul C. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cogswell, G. E. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, David 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, I. Milton 
Cohn, Mrs. Rose B. 
Coladarci, Peter 
Colbert, Charles A. 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, Bruce M. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Coles, Mrs. Ross 
Collier, J. J. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle, M., Jr. 
Compere, Newton L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conedera, Henry 
Congdon, Dr. Charles B. 
Conlon, Mrs. F. Patrick 
Conlon, William F. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Conrad, Mrs. Florence 
Considine, Dan J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Conte, Richard N. 
Converse, Lester B. 
Cook, Harry L. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Sherman R. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooke, WilHam H. 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corbett, Dr. Mitchell S. 
Corbin, Harold 

Harlow, Jr. 
Corcoran, Thomas J. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 



Costanzo, Dr. 

Vincent A., Jr. 
Cotterman, I. D. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coutandin, Hugo 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, Edward E. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowan, Ralph 
Cowen, Dr. Jack P. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Crabtree, Samuel A. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Grain, G. D., Jr. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crane, Ben T. 
Crane, Earl D. 
Crane, Frederick S., Jr. 
Crane, George M. 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, W. F. 
Craycraft, Mrs. Douglas 
Cretors, C. J. 
Criel, Theodore A. 
Crisp, Marion Cole 
Cross, Robert C. 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Cross, W. D., Jr. 
Crowell, G, Kenneth 
Crowl, Arnold C. 
Crown, Mrs. Mary 
Crowson, George M. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culbertson, John Carey 
Culbertson, S. A., II 
Culhane, Martin A. 
Cullen, J. A. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Thomas N. 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Curtis, Glenn R. 
Curtis, John G. 
Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 



Cuthbert, Miss 
Florence W. 
Cutter, Charles F. 

Dahlberg, Theodore L. 
Dalkoff, Seymour 
Dahlin, Carl A. 
Daly, James J. 
Darby, John H. 
Darby, Raymond J. 
Darfier, Walter L. 
Darling, Walter L. 
Darrow, William W. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Morton A. 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dawes, Charles C. 
Dawson, Dr. I. Milton 
Dawson, Ira T. 
Dean, John S. 
Debs, Mrs. Jerome H. 
Dechert, Curt H. 
De Costa, H. J. 
Dedmon, R. Emmett 
Dee, P. J. 

Deknatel,FrederickH.,II 
Delaney, Frederick A. 
De Larye, Dr. William L. 
De Lay, Frank P. 
De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 
De Marke, George 
Delp, Larry 
Demme, Joseph P. 
Demos, Peter T. 
De Motte, R. J. 
Deneen, Miss Florence 
Denemark, A. F. 
Dennehy, John I. 
Dennis, Joseph W. 
De Parcq, WilHam H. 
De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, William S. 
Desgrey, Charles W. 
Dess, William 
De Tolve, Anthony J. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
De Vuono, Frank 
De Witt, Clyde F. 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 



129 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton O. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Diggins, Eugene V. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dixon, Lyman W. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dobkin, L 
Doctoroff , John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Dolan, Tom 
Domville, Mrs. 

Millington 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donham, Edward F. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dorpols, Frank L. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Dose, Raymond W. 
Doty, William M. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dow, James M. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Doyle, William B. 
Drachman, Byron C. 
Draffkorn, A. T. 
Dragisic, John 
Drake, Miss Alvertta 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drechsler, W. L. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dry, Cari 
Dubin, Joseph 
Duffy, John I. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Duncan, J. Russell 
Dunkle, Raymond M., Jr. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Durham, F. J. 
Durham, William E. 
Durrie, Paul H. 
Duty, J. E. 

Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earlandson, Ralph O. 
Early, Preston H. 
Eaton, Mrs. Harry 

Edward 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Mylrea 



Ebzery, Mrs. Angela 
Eck, Donald R. 
Eckert, Frank M. 
Eckert, Fred W. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Edwards, Dr. Eugene A. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Egan, A. J. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 
Eiberg, Miss Alice 
Eiberg, Miss Olga 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisendrath, David C. 
Eisenhower, Earl D. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Eldred, Miss Mary W. 
Elf ring, George E. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellies, E. E. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, F. F. 
Ellis, Mrs. Benjamin F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Franklin Courtney 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph E. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Elver, Thomas 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V. 
English, Harold 
Engstrom, L. E. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epson, Albert J. 
Epsteen, Dr. Casper M. 
Epstein, Harvey 
Epstein, Herman L. 
Epstein, Joseph 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erickson, William N. 
Escudier, A. F. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Euston, J. Howard 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everote, Warren 
Evers, John W. 
Eyler, E. T. 



Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Kellogg 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Fallis, Mrs. J. M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farber, Dr. Harry H. 
Farber, Lynn C. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farrell, Dr. Leonard F. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fasano, Joseph F. 
Fasman, Irving D. 
Fasnacht, Rev. 

Walter L. 
Faulkner, Earle C. 
Faurot, Robert S. 
Fee, S. L. 
Feely, Thomas P. 
Feinberg, Stanley K. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Fenemore, Miss 

Elisabeth 
Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, Calvin, Jr. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Ferrall, James P. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fey, Dr. Richard W. 
Feye, Mrs. Grant 

Richard 
Fiduccia, C. B. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Meyer 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fields, Sidney M. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Finger, Mrs. Earl 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finkl. Alfred F. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Bernard M. 
Fisher, Dr. Charles I. 
Fisher, Mrs. Charles 

William 



130 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Lafayette 
Fisher, William E. 
Fishman, Jacob M. 
Fishman, Dr. Jerome 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 
Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Flagg, Miss Grace S. 
Flaherty, Miss Helen 
Flanagan, Dr. James B. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleischman, Miss Anne 
Fleischman, Bernard 
Fleming, E. I. 
Fleming, Dr. James F. 
Flemming, Miss A. 
Flerlage, W. M. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Flynn, Edgar A. 
Foell, W. J. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Forrest, Nelson 
Fort, George A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Foulks, William 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fox, Arthur E. 
Fox, Dr. Benum W. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, Miss Harriett E. 
Fox, John Jay, Jr. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Frale, Anthony M. 
Francis, Dean D. 
Frank, Albert 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Charles G. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Raymond W. 
Frank, Walter R. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 



Franklin, Ben L. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Eraser, Forrest L. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freberg, Dr. Carl R. 
Freeark, Dr. Ray H. 
Freeman, C. R. 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, John 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freund, Mrs. L H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Dr. Eric 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frosh, Louis E. 
Frost, Henry C. 
Frye, W. P. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

White 
Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Furtwangler, A. C. 
Futterer, CO. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, Edward S. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, M. J. 

Gallagher, Miss Alice H. 
Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Galle, Miss Marie W. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gamble, E. Ross 
Gamm, Dr. Stanford R. 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Gardner, Edward E., Ill 
Garlington, William M. 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 
Garwacki, Dr. John H. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudio, James C. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Ruth K. 
Gearen, John J. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gee, James W. 



Gehlbach, H. Hunter 
Geist, Herbert 
Gell, Leon J. 
Gellman, Allen B. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genge, Hugo V. 
Genther, Charles B. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Miss 

Margaret G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W. 
Gerrard. J. M. 
Gettleman, Samuel R. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Joseph P., Jr. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Gifford, Harry N., Jr. 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilmer, Frank B. 
Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, David Bruce 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaman, Miss 

Johanna C. 
Glaser, Leon S. 
Glassner, James J. 
Gleave, Winston 
Glickman, Norman 
Glore, Hixon 
Glover, Chester L. 
Glover, Grange J. 
Gluck, Gerson I. 
Godfrey, Thomas J. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goldstandt, Milton A. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Arthur S. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 



131 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Good, Dr. Palmer W. 
Goodbar, Harry L. 
Goode, Dr. Ralph C. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodfriend, S. L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodman, Benjamin E. 
Goodrich, Miss Alice 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gordon, Norman 
Gore, Mrs. Roston 
Gore, Samuel 
Gorman, R. A. 
Gormley, John P. 
Gornick, Francis P. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Gossman, James L. 
Goth, Joseph 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gottschall, Robert V. 
Gourfain, A. S., Jr. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graff, Earl H. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Graffis, William 
Graham, David 
Granger, Mrs. Denise 
Grannan, Emmet 
Grant, Gordon B. 
Grant, Joseph S. 
Grant, Louis Z. 
Grant, Paul 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 
Green, Burdett 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Mrs. George L. 
Greene, Dr. Charles F. 
Green wald, Herbert S. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, James J. 
Griffin, Mrs. 

James A., Jr. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grombach, Alfred O. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Groves, Mrs. Northa P, 
Grow, Brimson 



Gruendel, George H. 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gumbrell, Gregory 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haag, Miss Janet 
Haake, Frederick J. 
Hackett, Thad 
Haddow, William 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Hajduk, Dr. John M. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, John L. 
Hall, Marchand B. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Franklin 
Halligan, Robert F. 
Hallmann, Ernest H. 
Halvorson, Harold L. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammurabi, F. H. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Hanelin, Dr. Henry A. 
Hanna, John C. 
Hanna, Ralph A. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, Frank W. 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Harig, Herbert 



Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Herman 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Harrow, Joseph 
Hart, Chester C. 
Hart, E. Edgerton 
Hart, Eugene G. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Henry A. 
Hart, James A. 
Hartigan, Miss Catherine 
Hartigan, L. J. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartung, Miss 
Elizabeth M. 
Harvey, Bennet B. 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, James D. 
Harwood, Robert I. 
Harza, Mrs. Leroy F. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Hasek, Dr. V. 0. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassler, Edwin B. 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Hatfield, John N. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Haugen, Bernhart 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Haven, T. J., Jr. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Hearst, Joseph 
Heath, Robert L. 
Heberling, W. S. 
Hebenstreit, Dr. K. J. 
Hecht, Frederick Charles 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Hecht, Myron A. 



132 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard H. 
Henhke, John 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Hein, Leonard W. 
Heineke, Paul H. 
Heineman, Ben W. 
Heinen, Dr. Helen 
Heinen, Dr. J. Henry, Jr. 
Helgason, Ami 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Hendricks, Gerald E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henkle, H. Douglas 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henningsen, Jack 
Henri, W. B. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, Don 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herren, Wilson T. 
Herring, H. B. 
Herrschner, Frederick 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hertzman, Irving L. 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heuser, Arthur W. 
Hibben, Jospeh W. 
Hickey, Matthew J., Jr. 
Higgins, Miss Margaret 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hild, Fred C. 
Hilker, Mrs. Marion 
Hilkevitch, Dr. A. A. 
Hilkevitch, Dr. 

Benjamin H. 
Hill, Charles W. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, David A. 
Hill, Dormand S. 
Hill, Mrs. Ivan 
Hill, James J. 
Hill, John W. 
Hill, Kenneth V. 
Hill, Rolwood R. 
Hillier, William H. 
Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hilton, Henry Mark 
Hindmarch, Alan 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hines, Clarence W. 
Hingson, George D. 
Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 



Hinshaw, Joseph H. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirschfeld, Carl 
Hirsh, Herbert W. 
Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitshew, R. M. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hjerstedt, Anders E. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Charles H. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hobscheid, Fred J. 
Hochberg, Jerome J. 
Hochberg, Dr. Paul 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hochschulz, Alfred 
Hoddinott, B. J. 
Hodges, F. Robert 
Hoehler, Fred K. 
Hoeltgen, Dr. 
Maurice M. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Edwin E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holderby, Glen W. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Arthur M. 
Holland, Cyrus E. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Morris Z. 
Hollander, Jack 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Hollins, Gerald 
HolHs, Dr. Robert H. 
Holmes, John B. 
Holmes, John S. 
Homan, Joseph 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hoover, James C. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Hopper, B. E. 
Horn, Dr. Bernard 
Horn, L. H. 
Hornburg, Arthur C. 
Home, Miss Helen D. 
Homer, Dr. Imre E. 
Horowitz, Charles I. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 



Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Hoshell, Robert J. 
Hossack, Arthur L. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 
Hough, Charles F. 
Hough, William J. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
Houser, T. V. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Harvey H. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howard, Philip L. 
Howard, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Howe, William J. 
Hoy, Pat 

Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Andrew V. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hulson, J. W. 
Humm, Joseph 
Humphrey, Mrs. H. D. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 
Hutchings, John A. 
Hutchins, John S. 
Hutchinson, John H. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hyde, Milton E. 
Hyde, Mrs. Willis O. 
Hyer, W. G. T. 
Hynes, D. P. 

Iker, Charles 
Indelli, William A. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Ingersoll, Roy C. 
Insolia, James V. 
Into, Mrs. A. Norman 
Irwin, A. J. 
Isaacs, Roger D. 
Isaacs, T. J. 
Isaacson, Herbert 
Isacson, Gust W. 



133 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Ischinger, Dr. Arthur M. 
Isett, G. Richard 
Iversen, Lee 
Ives, George R. 
Ives, R. O. 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jacker, Norbert S. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Walter L. 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
Jaffe, Harry 
Jaffe, Julius C. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Janes, Otto 
Jarecki, R. A. 
Javaras, Mrs. Anastasia 
Javid, Dr. Hushang 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, H. E. 
Jennings, Mrs. James W. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jensen, James A. 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jewell, S. L. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
John, Rex K., Jr. 
Johnson, Bert 
Johnson, Miss 
Donna Lee 
Johnson, Earl 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Edward F. 
Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, N. Howard 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, Ray Prescott 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnstone, E. F., Jr. 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Johnstone, Norman H. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Dr. Fiske 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, George W. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Walter Clyde 
Jordan, C. R. 
Jordan, Castle W. 



Jordan, Dr. John W. 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Jostock, H. J. 
Joy, Mrs. Estelle 
Juckniess, R. A. 
Judd, William E. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Juzwick, E. A. 

Kadin, Dr. Milton M. 
Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Mortimer I., Jr. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Miss Minnie B. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kalwajtys, R. S. 
Kamin, William C. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanelos, Frank S. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Kapov, John J. 
Kappler, Richard B. 
Karklin, Richard E. 
Karlin, Daniel 
Karlin, Irving M. 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Katz, Meyer 
Katz, William 
Kaufman, Mrs. 

Frances J. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Keane, George M. 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keating, Thomas J. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeney, Frank P. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Kegel, Mrs. Ruth 
Keim, Melville 
Keister, G. E. 
Keith, Elbridge 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Paul J. 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 



Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Dr. Frank B. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kendall, Claude 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, J. H. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy, Taylor L. 
Kenny, Henry 
Kent, Edward C. 
Kenyon, Dr. A. T. 
Kerner, Otto 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kerr, William D. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kessler, Dr. Michael C. 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Kid well, James E. 
Kilberry. F. H. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kimball, Charles H. G. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kimball, Paul G. 
Kincaid, Dr. Clement J. 
Kincheloe, Samuel C. 
Kindahl, John O. 
King, Dr. A. Charles 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, H. R. 
King, John D. 
King, Miss Louise A. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, Robert H. 
King, Willard L. 
King, William H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kipnis, Samuel W. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirchheimer, Thomas 
Kirkland, William S. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klein, William P. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kline, Allan B. 
Kling, Leopold 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, Howard 
Knight, John S. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 



134 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, O. N. 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolflat, Alf 

Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kolter, Dr. B. C. 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kot, Henry C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kovalick, W. W. 
Kozlik, Frank B. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Dr. George M. 
Kramer, Harry G., Jr. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Elmer 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Krebs, Walter O. 
Krehl, Rico B. 
Kresge, M. L. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kristof, James H. 
Krtichevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Dr. Henry E. 
Kritz9r, Richard W. 
Kroch, Carl A. 
Kroeschell, Robert A. 
Kroeschell, Mrs. Roy 
Kroll, Harry 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupnick, Samson 
Krzeminski, Stanley J. 
Kuchar, Mrs. Marie 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuhn, Mrs. Joseph 
Kuhnen, C. W. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
KuUman, F. H., Jr. 
Kurtz, George H. 
Kurtz, Mrs. Seymour J. 
Kurtz, William O., Jr. 
Kutchins, Edmund 



Lachman, Harold 
Lagerholm, 

Ferdinand W. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Miss Jane 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambe, Claude M., Jr. 
Lamberton, R. H. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Landau, S. J. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Lang, Gordon 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lansman, H. A. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Roy R. 
Larson, Leslie S. 
Larson, Simon P. 
La Salle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Laterza, Michael F. 
Latham, Paul L. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Latta, Dr. Philip R. 
Latta, William B. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lavedan, Pierre F. 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, William H. 
Leander. Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Louis 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Lederer, Irving G. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Edward N. 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, Joseph R. 
Lee, Dr. Robert E. 
Leeb, Mrs. H. A. 
Leeds, David L. 
Leffler, F. O. 
Le Goff, Montgomery 
Lehman, John L. 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leigh, Kenneth G. 



Leighton, Alexander 
Leighton, George N. 
Leindecker, Charles L. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Lensing, Edward C, Jr. 
Lentine, James 
Lerner, Al 
Lesch, Mrs. Isabel 

Catharine 
Leslie, Orren S. 
Levering, J. E. 
Levin, Bernard W. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, Bernard M. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Lewendowski, 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Mrs. J. J. 
liCwis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Lieb, Warren H. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lieber, Maury 
Lietz, T. W. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 
Liljedahl, Miss Edna V. 
Lill, George, II 
Limarzi, Dr. Louis R. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindley, Walter C, Jr. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linn, Howard 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, Howard 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
List, Stuart 
Listen, Thomas P. 
Liszka, Stanley J. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litten, Chapin 
Littig, H. L. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Llewellyn, Karl N. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, William Bross, Jr. 
Lock, Gilbert L. 



135 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loebl, Jerrold 
Loehde, Mrs. William 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Sidney, 
Logelin, Edward C. 
Long, H. Dale 
Long, R. E. 
Lonnes, Leon 
Lonnon, Raymond G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loundy, Mrs. Mason A. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, Harold 
Love, Dr. J. S., Jr. 
Love, John T. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Loventhal, William G. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah O. 
Lowden, James E. 
Lowe, Edmund W. 
Lowe, Walter L. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Lozins, Bert 
Lubking, Mrs. John P. 
Ludlow, Mrs. 

Frederick Orr 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Luftig, Victor M. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luotto, Stefano 
Lurie, George S. 
Lurie, Max 
Lurie, S. C. 
Luse, Mrs. D. Claude 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, M. F. 
Lynch, V. Reges 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Dr. Samuel S. 

MacChesney, Chester M. 
MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 



Macholz, Rev. Ignatius 
Mack, John J. 
Mackaye, M. R. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
Mackler, Dr. S. Allen 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Madden, John 
Maddock, Thomas E. 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magee, M. L. 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Magnuson, Paul B., Jr. 
Maher, Dr. David 

Bremner 
Maher, James P. 
Mahler, L H. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Majka, F. L. 
Major, Frank A. 
Major, Ross O. 
Malato, Stephen A. 
Malcolmson, R. F. 
Malina, Marshall 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. O. 
Mandel, Sidney W. 
Mangier, Fred J. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Herbert S. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Mannion, John F. 
Mara, Walter T. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margeson, Mrs. 

James P., Jr. 
Marker, Van E. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 
Markman, Simeon K. 
Marks, Frank O. 
Marks, Ira G. 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marley, John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 



Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Martin, Alvah T. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Charles V. 
Martin, Eldon 
Martins, P. A. 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Mashek, V. F., Jr. 
Mason, Charles M. 
Mason, Harvey R. 
Mason, J. A. 
Mast, Leland J. 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathews, M. M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, H. M. 
Matter, Joseph A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Matz, Edward D. 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, Robert E. 
May, Sol 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Maynard, John G. 
McArthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McAuliffe, J. D. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCall, Dr. I. R. 
McCallister, James 

Maurice 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloska, Fred W. 
McClung, Richard 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McConnell, Thomas C. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, E. R. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDevitt, Miss A. 

Bernys 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 



136 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGreevey, John A. 
McGreevey, Robert J. 
McGrew, Edwin H. 
McGuineas, William A. 
McGuire, E. F. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Calvin D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaren, Richard W. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaury, Mrs. 

Walker G. 
McMahon, Daniel P. 
McManus, J. L. 
McNabb, Mrs. J. H. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, B. F. 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McPheron, Eugene R. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McVey, Dr. Emerson K. 
Meana, Mrs. Kaye 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Melgaard, B. B. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Mellum, Horace J. 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mendizabal, Dr. 

Francisco 
Mentzer, John P. 
Menzner, Mrs. 

Howard B. 
Mercer, C. W. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merker, George 



Merrick, Richard L. 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mervis, David C. 
Mesenbrink, Paul H. 
Metcoff, Eli 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Metz, Carl A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michaels, Allen C. 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michalko, Edward 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arden E. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Dr. C. 0. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Dr. Cecelia E. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Earl A. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, Lloyd D. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Norman 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, Wesley C. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. 

William W. 
Milliken, John F. 
Mills, Walter B. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Moburg, Gerry 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molter, Harold 
M onsen, Myron T. 
Montgomery, A. E. 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mont Pas, W. F. 
Mooney, Russell E. 
Mooney, Walter A. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 



Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moore, W. P. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Mooth, Peter 
Moran, Dr. Edward L. 
Moran, Frank W. 
Moran, J. Alfred 
Moran, James 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Morgan, Fred C. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, G. Walker 
Morgan, K. P. 
Morgan, Russell W. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morley, Miss Nelle B. 
Morris, Michael 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Sidney L. 
Moss, Harry 
Moss, Jerry 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mueller, Mrs. Florian F. 
Muench, Hans 
Mugg, Charles L. 
Mulcahy , Mrs. Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullaney, Roger 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullen, Dr. Joseph J. 
Mullenix, Robert W. 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Munnecke, Robert C. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munroe, Roy B.' 
Munson, Lyle W. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, Edward F. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Michael P. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myer, Dr. Ernest 

Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 



137 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Naser, Charles F. 
Nash, Gordon B. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Joseph 
Nathan, Kenneth S. 
Nathan, Leonard 
Nathanson, Don Paul 
Natkin, Sidney J. 
Naylor, William F., Jr. 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
Neely, Albert E. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Neilson, Madison P. 
Nelson, C. E. 
Nell, Edward J. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Nemeroff, Maurice 
Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 
Nesbitt, Fred H. 
Neskow, Dr. Peter S. Y. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, C. G. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblick, James F. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dr. F. M. 
Nickel, Walter J. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nielsen, George 
Nielsen, Marc T. 
Nietschmann, Walter 
Nikopoulos, George A. 
Nilles, B. P. 
Nilsson, Adolf 
Nilsson, Erik 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Nixon, Charles A. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Norberg, Stanley R. 
Nord, Henry J. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norem, Mrs. 

Lawrence E. 
Norian, Richard 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
Norris, Ross A. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Charles E. 



Norton, Michael J. 
Nowlan, Charles J. 
Nugent, Dr. Oscar B. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Gates, James F., Jr. 
Oberf elder, Joseph H. 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberlander, Dr. 

Andrew J. 
O'Boyle, C. Robert 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, Martin T. 
O'Brien, Vincent 
O'Brien, William L. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connor, John B. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor, Thomas S. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Ollendorff, Klaus 
Olmsted, C. H. 
Olsen, Canute R. 
Olsen, Clarence 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, H. Edsall 
O'Malley, Patrick L. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
Opie, Earle F. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Greek, Robert P. 
Orlikoff, Richard 
O'Rourke, Mrs. Harry J. 
O'Rourke, William F., Jr. 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, John S. 
Orborne, Nathan G. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
OssendorfT, Dr. K. W. 
O'Toole, Donald 
O'Toole, John J. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Ovenu, Dr. Harold 
Overton, George W., Jr. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 



Pace, Anderson 
Pacer, T. S. 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Palais, Gordon K. 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Parker, Austin Hadley 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Paschal, John William 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, Stewart 
Patterson, Thomas A. 
Patterson, W. A. 
Pattis, S. William 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, L. O. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payes, William J., Jr. 
Payne, Harold N. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Peake, F. R. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Peck, Stewart T. 
Peckler, Dr. David A. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Pelz, William W. 
Pendexter, J. F. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pennigsdorf, Lutz 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Pergo, Nicholas 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard W. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Peters, Russell L. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Petersen, Niels 
Petersen, William O. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, Harold E. 



138 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Peterson, O. C. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Peterson, Walter J. 
Pettengell, James T. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Petty, P. E. 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, Norman J. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipsborn, Herbert F. 
Philipsborn, M. M., Jr. 
Phillips, Miss Irna 
Pick, O. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
■pinsof, Philip 
Piper, C. A. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitts, Henry L. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plotnick, Dr. I. Robert 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Podbielniak, Mrs. W. J. 
Podesta, Robert A. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Poggenpohl, Andrew 
Pohl, Dr. Carl M. 
Pollard, Willard L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Polyak, Mrs. Stephen 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, J. W. 
Porter, L. W. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Joseph John 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Morse 
Powers, Carl J. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Preikschat, Raymond W. 
Press, Robert M. 
Presson, Gerald 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Frederick J. 



Price, Griswold A. 
Price, J. H. 
Prince, Kenneth C. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pringle, Don 
Prior, Frank O. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Pulham, Herbert J. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purdy, William G. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenboss, Thomas C. 
Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Marge 
Radovich, Miss Bessie 
Randell, A. C. 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Rattner, Dr. Herbert 
Rawleigh, James N. 
Ray, King Peter 
Ray, Mrs. WilHam F. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Reace, William T. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Rector, William H. 
Redcliffe, R. L. 
Redding, George H. 
Redfield, C. Truman 
Reed, Ernest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Philip G. 
Rees, Lester G. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeves, George C. 
Refakes, A. J. 



Regensburger, R. W. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reichert, Dr. John M. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reiff, Mrs. M. Ann 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Katherine 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reum, Walter J. 
Reynolds, James A., Jr. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, George, III 
Rich, Keith 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Mrs. Oron E. 
Ridley, Mrs. E. N. 
Riedeman, H. T. 
Riggs, E. R. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riha, Frank J. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Rinder, Dr. Carl O. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ring, Kenneth C. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Ringa, Dr. Edwin C. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Rivera, J. A. 
Rizner, Homer R. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robb, Richard P. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Roche, Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Roderick, Mrs. 

Howard F. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 

139 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roe, Frederick 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Mrs. George P. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rohloff, Paul F. 
Rohn, Mrs. Esther E. 
Rohr, Dr. F. W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Roman, B. F. 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Roseman, Joseph A., Jr. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenberg, Dr. David H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosen wald, Mrs. Milly M . 
Rosier, C. H. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Rotchford, J. Stuart 
Rotenberry, Dean 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rothschild, Mrs. Martin 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubinson, Adolph A. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 
Rundin, Walter C, Jr. 
Runnells, John S. 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary H. 
Russell, W. Hunter 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, George L. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ryser, Frank 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sack, Don 



Sackett, DeForest 
Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Sadlek, Robert James 
SafRr, M. A. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saldivar, Dr. Ricardo E. 
Saleson, James S. 
Salomon, Ira 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Harold L. 
Samuels, Julius 
Samuels, Richard L. 
Samuels, S. J. 
Samuelson, George 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
San Filippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard G. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Sasser, F. H. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, R. S. 
Savage, Mrs. Stanley 
Sawyer, E. D. 
Sawyer, John H. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffer, T. H. 
Schaflfner, Arthur B. 
SchafTner, Miss Marion 
Schelter, Charles H. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schenk, Miss Marion H. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlake, Edwin C. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmidt, Erich F. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmitt, Roland G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 



Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, Miss Gertrude 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoettler, F. Girard 
Schomp, Arthur H. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schreyer, Carl G. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuck, E. H. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulien, Charles 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben M. 
Schwartz, Charles F. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, Walter B. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Sears, Harry M. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seeley, Robert M. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sembower, John F. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sergant, Gordon E. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Thomas G. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 



140 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (conHnued) 



Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shanner, Charles T. 
Shannon, Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Sharp. Carl J. 
Sharpe, Dr. Kenneth P. 
Shaver, Robert D. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, John W. 
Shaw, Lee C. 
Sheaff, Dr. Howard M. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Shedden, Mrs. John 
Sheehan, Thomas J. 
Sheekman, Harvey Z. 
Sheldon, Leo C. 
Shepard, Kenneth E. 
Shepard, L. L. 
Shere, Lewis 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shilton, Earle A. 
Shine, Joseph J. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Shoemaker, Paul B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shriver, Millard D. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Shylin, Robert E. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, James R. 
Simmons, Nicholas L. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, George E. 
Simon, John J. 
Simonson, Burton E. 
Sims, Paul K. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, William A. 
Siniarski, T. A. 
Sinnerud, Dr. 0. P. 
Sipple, Robert G. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivyer, Warner 



Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Slavik, W. M. 
Slifka, George C. 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. LeRoy H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, Bruce M. 
Smith. C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, F. Gordon 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Dr. Louis D. 
Smith, Miss Mary 

Frances 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, Mrs. Solomon B. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Smyth, David B. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Bernard 
Snyder, Bernard A. 
Snyder, Richard E. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Robert 
Somerville, Mrs. 

William 
Sommer, Albert A. 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Sorrells, E. Courtney 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spalding, Mrs. 

Vaughan C, Jr. 
Spangler, James C. 
Spanik, Miss Anne 
Spatta, George 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Specht, F. W. 
Spector, Mrs. Ann 
Speer, Stanton H. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiel, Mrs. Robert E. 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Spreyer, F. L. 
Sprtel, Dr. Simon L. 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 



Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stahl, John 
Stair, H. Bowen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. I. 
Stange, Howard W. 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starr, Harry 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stauffacher, E. L. 
Staunton, E. C. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Stebler, W. J. 
Steding, Richard P. 
Steele, A. L. 
Steele, A. Thomas 
Steele, Mrs. Walter D. 
Steen, Enoch 
Steffen, Charles 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Frederick 
Stein, Karl E. 
Stein, Mrs. Louise K. 
Steiner, Miss Joanne 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Stein wedell, William 
Stekly, Harold 
Stenhouse, Miss 

Bessie C. 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stephens, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Steven, Ian 

Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, John Paul 
Stevenson, Mrs. Borden 
Stevenson, M. Bradley 
Stewart, Charles L., Jr. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stewart, John 
Stiegel, S. James 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stind, C. J. 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stitt, Robert B. 
Stivers, Clifford L. 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Stoaks, Richard O. 
Stocker, Frederick B., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 



141 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoffels, Edgar O. 
Stofift, Edmond B. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stokesberry, Paul W. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stout, Harold H. 
Stover, Frank C. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stratford, Herbert _R. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strode, Miss Marie 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stubenrauch, E. H. 
Stucker, Dr. Fred J. 
Stuckslager, Walter N. 
Stuebner, Edwin A. 
Stults, Allen P. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. 

Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Eugene T. 
Sullivan, Frank W. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Sundt, E. V. 
Suomela, John P. 
Sustman, R. S. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svensson, Olof 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swett, Israel 
Swett, Warren C. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Swoiskin, Dr. Irving 
Swonk, Wayne 
Sykes, Binford H. 
Sykes, Byron M. 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Miss 

Maria P. 
Symonds, Merrill 



Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 
Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tannenbaum, Dr. 

Karl H. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarr, Lester W. 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Temple, John 
Templeman, J. P. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Teter, Park 

Thacker, Francis Edgar 
Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Mrs. F. 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, K. I. 
Thompson, Lang S. 
Thompson, Dr. W. V. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Thullen, Henry M. 
Tiberius, George 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Tipple, F. A. 
Todd, Mrs. E. L. 
Tolpin, Dr. Samuel 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Tonn, George 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
TorfiF, Selwyn H. 
Towle, Joseph W. 
Trace, Dr. Herbert D. 



Tracy, George C. 
Tracy, Dr. Paul C. 
Tracy, T. J. 
Tracy, Wheeler 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tresley, Dr. Ira J. 
Triggs, Warren 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tucker, Albert B. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Oliver S. 
Turney, Newton E. 
Turney, Russell J. 
Turow, Dr. David D. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ullmann, William E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urbain, Jules, Jr. 
Urbain, Leon F 
Urban, Andrew 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Urick, Delbert N. 
Urnes, Dr. M. P. 
Ushijima, Mrs. Ruth 

Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
Vale, Mrs. Murray 
Valentine, Mrs. 

Joseph L. 
Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vance, Charles C. 
Vance, S. M. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, Nicholas J. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Van Deventer , William E . 
Van Duzer, John B. 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Etten, Floyd G. 
Van Gerpen, George 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Kirk, Mrs. R. D. 
Van Ness, A. L. 
Van Ness, C. Radford 



142 



I 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Van Nice, Errett 
Van Santen, James 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Varley, John S. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vasalle, Rudolph A. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Vaughan, Norman 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Vernon, John T. 
Vernon, Dr. Leroy N. 
Ver Nooy, Miss Winifred 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Vihon, Charles H. 
Vilsoet, William 
Voltz, D. H. 

von Bonin, Dr. Gerhardt 
Von Gehr, George 
Von Ohlen, Floyd E. 
Voris, Dr. Harold C. 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wacker, Frederick G., Jr. 
Wadsworth, Charles 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, John A. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wagnum, James N. 
Wahl, Orlin L 
Wald, William 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldman, S. C. 
Waldner, Arthur L. 
Waldo, C. Ives, Jr. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred 0. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Mrs. G. R. 
Walker, Mrs. India A. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Wallingford, Donald H. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walthouse, William F. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 



Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Warde, Frederick A. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warman, Winfield C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warner, William H. 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterman, Mrs. Alex H. 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watling, John 
Watson, D. R. 
Watson, John A. 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Weatherby, George W. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Weaver, John M. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Weber, Miss Laura M. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Arthur G. 
Weeks, Harrison S. 
Weeks, Kenneth L. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigandt, Sebastian 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weill, Leonard D. 
Weiner, Aaron B. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinreich, C. F. 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Alexander 
Weiss, Louis J. 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, William E. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wells, Mrs. John E. 
Wells, Sidney 
Welsh, Vernon M. 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 



Wesby, Vernon L. 
West, James D. 
West, Richard H. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wetten, Walton 
Weyforth, B. Stuart, Jr. 
Weymouth, Ralph E. 
Whalen, William J. 
Whall, Arthur L. 
Wheeler, E. Todd 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheeler, W. L. 
Whipple, Charles J., Jr. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, George R. 
White, Marshall 
White, Mrs. Nelson C. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Whitsell, Dr. F. M. 
Whitson, Thomas M. 
Whittaker, Robert B. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. 

Lucille 
Wicks, Russell M. 
Wieland, John 
Wies, H. M. 
Wilber, Allen S. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wiles, Mrs. Russell 
Wilhelm, Dr. Emanuel C. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Bennett 
Williams, Frederick C. 
Williams, Robert G. 
Williamson, Mrs. Jack A. 
Willis, Amos G. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilmas, W. F. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wiltsee, Herbert 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 
Winkenweder, V. O. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winston, Farwell 
Winston, Sam 
Winterbotham, John R. 

143 






ANNUAL MEMBERS {continued) 



Wirth, J. W. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. 

Emilia 
Wojteczko, Stanley 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, C. A. 
Wood, Edwin M. 
Wood, Harold F. 
Wood, Kenward T. 
Wood, Truman 
Wood, William A. 
Woods, Dr. A. W. 
Woodside, John T. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woolard, Francis C. 
WooUett, Mrs. Jean 



Bachman, E. E. 
Bucklen, Harley R. 
Burdick, Charles B. 

Chesrow, Dr. Albert J. 

Dallwig, P. G. 

Emery, De Witt 

Field, Mrs. James A. 
Fisher, Nathan 

Gale, Abram 
Gilroy, John F. 



Woolman, John S. 
Woolpy, Max 
Worth, Dr. Theodore D. 
Woulfe, Henry F. 
Wray, Miss Carolyn R. 
Wreath, Robert L. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 
Wright, Miss Margaret J. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 

Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, Gar W. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yates, T. L. 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yehnert, Wallace E. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 

DECEASED, 1955 

Glattfeld, Professor 

John W. E. 
Gonnerman, Mrs. 

Allan W. 
Grace, Donald F. 
Greiner, Otto 

Hines, Dr. Laurence E. 
Hurley, Stephen E. 

Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 

Johnson, A. William 

Lange, A. G. 



Yonkers, Edward H. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zeitlin, Samuel E. 
Zelinsky, Mrs. S. F. 
Zeller, Charles B. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Otto H. 
Zimmerman, Preston 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W, R. 



Maloney, David B. 
McDevitt, J. Dunlap 
Milliken, J. H. 

Polyak, Dr. Stephen 

Richards, Oron E. 

Savage, Stanley 
Sims, Frank S. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Stein, Mrs.^S. Sidney 
Summers, W. L. 

Waite, Roy E. 
Whitmore, Lyle S. 



144 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OP STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
oflfice of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of IlHnois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

145 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Mehnlle E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ^ 

> ss. 
Cook County } 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Pubuc, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Piorsuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



146 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER. 1945 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

147 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

board of trustees 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 
honorary trustees 
Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

148 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Sex^tion 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 
the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris PubHc School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

149 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 
the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COMMITTEES 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Execuitve Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

150 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 
place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-ofRcio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 
nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

151 



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