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result in dismissal from the University. 

University of Illinois Library 





APR 2 6 



L161— O-1096 



Chicago Natural History Museum 


JUL 1 51957 
intivgam Of mm 



Member of the Board of Trustees since 1914 

Member of the Executive Committee since 1915 

First Vice-President since 1946 


Report of the Director 

to the 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1956 



JUL 1 51957 

uNiviwmrgf iujnois 


5 u / 



Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

Board of Trustees, 1956 12 

List of Staff, 1956 13 

Report of the Director 21 

Membership 26 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 28 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 30 

Museum Expeditions in 1956 36 

Department of Anthropology 37 

Department of Botany 47 

Department of Geology 52 

Department of Zoology 59 

Library 67 

Public Relations 71 

Motion Pictures 80 

Photography and Illustration 81 

Publications and Printing 82 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 94 

Financial Statements 96 

Attendance and Door Receipts 98 

Accessions, 1956 100 

Members of the Museum Ill 

Benefactors Ill 

Honorary Members Ill 

Patrons Ill 

Corresponding Members 112 

Contributors 112 

Corporate Members 113 

Life Members 114 

Non-Resident Life Members 115 

Associate Members 115 

Non-Resident Associate Members 129 

Sustaining Members 129 

Annual Members . 130 

Articles of Incorporation 149 

Amended By-Laws 151 


Marshall Field III, 1893-1956 frontispiece 

Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

Dinosaurs, Predator and Prey 20 

Cameroons King's House 27 

School Class in the Museum 31 

Museum Traveler Award 33 

Special Exhibit 35 

Members' Night 38 

Crocodile-god Design 41 

Council House, Palaus 43 

Anthropology Workroom 46 

Botany Laboratory 51 

Izalco 54, 55 

Cicadas 61 

Koelz Collection 63 

Crocodiles and Their Relatives 66 

Photography Exhibit 72 

Korean Woman 73 

Museum Journey 77 

Toucans 80 

Work by Division of Illustration 84 

Birds' Feet 87 

Herbarium Specimen 89 

"Blue Birds" 93 


Ill 1 




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Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 


Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 
Marshall Field III,* 1914-1956 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

* deceased 













Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Marshall Field III* 1946-1956 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1953 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1954 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1946-1953 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* . 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 




officers Stanley Field, President 

Marshall Field, First Vice-President* 
Hughston M. McBain, Second Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

board of 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walt her Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field* 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 

Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
John P. Wilson 

committees Execute— Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 

Field, Wm. McCormick Blair, Hughston M. McBain, 
Marshall Field,* John P. Wilson, Henry P. Isham, 
Marshall Field, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, John P. Wilson, Walter J. 
Cummings, Walther Buchen, Henry P. Isham, 
Wm. McCormick Blair, John G. Searle 

Building — Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Hughston M. McBain, Sewell L. Avery, John 
G. Searle, John T. Pirie, Jr. 

* deceased 



Clifford C. Gregg, Sc.D., Director 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Executive Assistant 


Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Donald Collier, Ph.D., Curator, South American Archaeology and Ethnology 

George I. Quimby, A.M., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

John B. Rinaldo, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Elaine Bluhm, M.S., Assistant, Archaeology 

M. Kenneth Starr, M.A., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Roland W. Force, M.A., Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Thomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology 

Allen S. Liss, A.B., Assistant, Anthropology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

Walter Boyer, B.F.A., Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Agnes H. McNary, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 

Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Art 

A. L. Kroeber, Ph.D., Research Associate, American Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl.Anth.Camb., Research Associate, Central American 


Theodor Just, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, D.M.D., Curator Emeritus 

Julian A. Steyermark, Ph.D., Curator, Phanerogamic Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Francis Drouet, Ph.D., Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

John W. Thieret, Ph.D., Curator, Economic Botany 

J. S. Daston, Sc.D., Assistant, Botany 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 



Edith M. Vincent, A.B., Research Librarian 

M. Dianne Maurer, A.B., Departmental Secretary' 

Marilyn Jaskiewicz, Departmental Secretary 

E. P. Killip, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Associate, Botany 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 


Sharat K. Roy, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Ph.B., Curator, Fossil Plants 

Robert K. Wyant, B.S., Curator, Economic Geologyf 

Norman H. Suhr, M.A., Associate Curator, Mineralogy and Petrology* 

Albert William Forslev, M.S., Associate Curator, Mineralogy and Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparator 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Cameron E. Gifford, B.S., Preparator* 

Bruce Erickson, Preparator 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Phyllis M. Brady, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

* resigned 
ton leave 



Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Karl P. Schmidt, D.Sc, Curator Emeritus 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Assistant Curator, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant, Reptiles 

Loren P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, B.A., Curator, Insects 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

G. Alan Solem, Ph.D., Assistant, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Phyllis Wade, B.S., Assistant 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Laura Brodie, Assistant, Zoology* 

Ruth Andris, Departmental Secretary 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-CHAO Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

R. M. Strong, Ph.D., Research Associate, Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, M.S., Associate, Mammals 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

* resigned 



Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Harry Hoogstraal, M.S., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 
Dioscoro S. Rabor, M.S., Field Associate 


Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 
Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist 
Arthur J. Soderling, Assistant Preparator* 
Almon Cooley, Assistant Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Dolla Cox, A.B. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. Ellen Miller 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Maryl Andre, B.S. 
Edith Fleming, M.A. 



Meta P. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

M. Eileen Rocourt, M.A., Associate Librarian 

Marjorie A. West, A.B., Assistant to the Librarian 

Classification and Cataloguing 

Maryl Andre, B.S. J 

Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Technical Adviser, Oriental Collection 


Donna G. Grove, B.A.* 

Eugenia Bernoff 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks 
Boris Ivanov, Dipl.Law 
George Stosius, M.E. 

* resigned 
J reassigned 



Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, B.A., Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, A.M., Miscellaneous Publications 


H. B. Harte 

Jane Rockwell, B.A., Associate 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 


Susanmary Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 

Lorraine Kratz, Assistant Registrar* 

Forest Highland, Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

Jeanette Forster, Assistant Recorder 


Robert A. Krueger, Auditor* 
Marion K. Hoffmann, Acting Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Jessie Dudley, in charge 


John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist 
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

* resigned 


John Moyer, in charge 


Raymond H. Hallstein, Sr., in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 


James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

Gustav A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 


William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 


David Dunsmuir, Captain f 
Frank Meinke, Acting Captain 

1 deceased 







■A 1 

Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1956. 

Perhaps the outstanding event of the year was the installation 
in Stanley Field Hall of an exhibit consisting of two dinosaur 
skeletons — those of Gorgosaurus and Lambeosaurus, dinosaurs that 
roamed the earth about 75 million years ago in an area now known 
as Alberta, Canada. It was felt that only in Stanley Field Hall 
could this important group be seen to advantage (see facing page). 
It now shares the spotlight with the two Akeley elephants, which 
are so well known as to be almost a Museum trademark. The 
installation of the dinosaurs was celebrated by a special evening for 
Members, when the Board of Trustees officially presented the group 
as their personal gift to the Museum (see page 24). The tremendous 
popular interest in this installation was evidenced by the large 
amount of publicity in newspapers and magazines. Its world-wide 
impact is indicated by stories in the daily papers of Dublin, Ireland, 
and Sydney, Australia, and by a feature article in the magazine of 
UNESCO (see page 71, Public Relations). 

Other outstanding improvements in the Museum's exhibition 
program were achieved on the ground floor of the east wing of the 
building by reinstallations in the halls housing Melanesian, Poly- 
nesian, Micronesian, Indonesian, and Australian ethnological ex- 


hibits (see page 45). Exhibits of special timely interest were pre- 
pared to indicate the interesting and unusual life cycle of the 
so-called 17-year locust and to illustrate the causes of the Dutch 
elm disease and its effects on American shade trees (see page 35) . 

The East Asian Library on the third floor of the Museum, 
through the acquisition of many splendid new volumes and the 
careful cataloguing and arrangement of our previous collections 
including the Laufer Library, has achieved prominence as an out- 
standing source of reference material in its field (see page 68). 

Financial difficulties continued to be a matter of major concern 
of the Museum's administration, in spite of an increase of almost 
$58,000 in tax support. Rising prices due to continuing inflation, 
together with a decrease of over $31,000 from real-estate invest- 
ments, indicate the need of additional income or a reduction in the 
services of the Museum to the public. Economy in operation has 
always been practiced at the Museum and application of more strin- 
gent curtailment of expenditures can be made only at a sacrifice of 
long-cherished plans for expansion and improvement. 


An increase of 28,836 persons brought the total of Museum visitors 
during the year to 1,101,512. Of this total only 11.7 per cent paid 
the nominal twenty-five cent admission while the others either 
attended on the free days (Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday) or 
were members of catagories who are exempt at all times from 
admission fees. The increasing attendance was quite marked during 
the first seven months of the year, but August, usually the peak 
month, showed a sudden drop so that August totaled some 23,000 
less than July. The unfortunate increase in polio in Chicago, which 
almost reached epidemic proportions, caused Chicago citizens to 
avoid large crowds. This was noted not only at our Museum but 
at the other museums and zoos of the city and in private entertain- 
ment-ventures as well. It was only in November and December 
that the Museum again showed increased attendance over the 
corresponding months of the previous year, this increase being the 
result of the season and of the very effective educational program 
of the Museum's Raymond Foundation (see page 30). May con- 
tinued to be the peak month for organized-group attendance, with 
1,039 groups and 49,657 students and teachers. The largest group 
of the year (approximately 1,350) was, as usual, the delegates to the 
National Congress of 4-H Clubs. 



The death of Marshall Field III in November brought to a close his 
forty-two years of service as a member of the Board of Trustees and 
left a gap that will be most difficult to fill. His deep-seated interest 
in the success and in the problems of the Museum and his concern 
for its employees had endeared him in a unique way to the staff of 
the Museum and to his fellow members of the Board. In his memory 
the Board of Trustees adopted the following resolution: 

Marshall Field III 

"All Chicago mourned the death on November 8, 1956, of Marshall 
Field. Those who were not personally acquainted with him knew 
what he stood for and realized that the Chicago community was 
poorer because of his passing. 

"Born in Chicago on September 28, 1893, he was the third to 
bear the name of Marshall Field, a name tied into the history of 
Chicago for the past century. He was not content, however, to 
rest on the family laurels of the past but interested himself in many 
new fields of endeavor. In addition to merchandising, Mr. Field 
established himself as an investment banker, a publisher, patron of 
the arts, and philanthropist. 

"At the outbreak of World War I, Marshall Field enlisted as a 
private in an artillery regiment and rose to the rank of captain in 
active combat service. He was decorated for bravery under fire. 
On returning to civilian life, he planned carefully the use of the 
fortune that he had inherited. He was a lavish donor to the then 
'Field Museum,' as well as to other worthy enterprises that chal- 
lenged his interest. He established the Field Foundation in order 
to make certain that his benefactions would reach charitable or 
cultural enterprises after careful investigation of their objectives 
and operations. 

"Marshall Field became a member of the Board of Trustees of 
Field Museum of Natural History in 1914 at the age of twenty-one 
and continued as such until the time of his death. He was a member 
of the Executive Committee since 1915 and served as First Vice- 
President since 1946. In addition to being elected a Benefactor by 
the Board of Trustees, he was further honored by election as an 
Honorary Member of the Museum in recognition of his eminent 
service to science. 


"To the Museum staff he was known as a genial member of the 
Board, who was interested not only in the accomplishments of the 
institution but also in the well-being of its employees. Over a period 
of many years his contributions had purchased collections and 
equipment, financed expeditions, provided employee benefits, and 
paid off annual operating deficits. Yet he sought nothing for himself 
and even joined with the President of the Board in asking that the 
Museum drop the name of 'Field' and be known forever after as 
Chicago Natural History Museum. 

"The Board of Trustees of the Museum deeply regrets the un- 
timely termination of his services and fellowship. His sincerity 
and deep concern, his quiet modesty, and his warm friendship will 
be greatly missed and always remembered. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our sorrow at 
his death be permanently preserved in the records of the Board of 
Trustees of the Museum; 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to the members of his family and that a copy of this resolution be 
sent to his widow." 


On completion of his forty-seventh year of service as President of 
the Museum, Stanley Field was unanimously and enthusiastically 
re-elected to continue in office for his forty-eighth year. All other 
officers of the Board of Trustees were also re-elected and committee 
assignments continued unchanged. 


On Dinosaur Night, March 27, described in more detail later in 
this Report (see Department of Geology, page 58), Hughston M. 
McBain presented to the Museum in behalf of the Trustees, who 
had purchased the Gorgosaurus and subsidized mounting, the striking 
exhibit now permanently installed in Stanley Field Hall (see page 20; 
also Annual Reports 1954, page 21, and 1955, page 56). The exhibit 
was accepted for the Museum by President Stanley Field. The 
occasion furnished an opportunity to introduce to the assembled 
Members and guests of the Museum the Members of the Board of 
Trustees who were able to be present. President Field had returned 
from Florida and Mr. McBain from Arizona for the presentation. 



The Museum received $122,216.04 for the Martin A. and Carrie 
Ryerson Fund from the distribution of the William Dwight Darrow 
Trust Fund established by Mrs. Ryerson, $20,000 from the Shirley 
Farr Bequest Fund, and $698.14 from the estate of the late Mrs. 
Abby K. Babcock. Stanley Field gave $34,500, of which $5,240.20 
was for refund of the operating deficit of the Museum and $29,259.80 
for endowment. Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, of Lansing, Michigan, 
added $2,250 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund; 
Sewell L. Avery, Trustee, gave $1,000 to the Dinosaur Fund (see 
Annual Report 1954, page 21) ; Miss Margaret Conover, of Chicago, 
added $825 more to the Conover Game-bird Fund, which was 
established by her brother, the late Boardman Conover, a Trustee 
of the Museum and Research Associate in the Division of Birds; 
and C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, an Honorary Member 
of the Museum, added $750 to the C. Suydam Cutting Fund. The 
Herbarium Purchase Fund received $2,000 from an anonymous 
donor, $500 from Louis Ware, Trustee, and $100 from George A. 
Richardson, Trustee. By their gifts in his memory Museum em- 
ployees established the Commander Frank V. Gregg Memorial 
Fund, to which additional contributions were made by Lester 
Armour, Wm. McCormick Blair, Stanley Field, John G. Searle, 
and Clifford C. Gregg. 

The Gemological Institute of America gave $600 in appreciation 
of the Museum's courtesies. Other gifts of funds came from Ameri- 
can Psychoanalytic Association, George A. Bates, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Mrs. Sidney M. Bloss, Henry A. Bruckner, Peder A. Christen- 
sen, Dr. Jack P. Cowan, Flexible Steel Lacing Company, Gaylord 
Donnelley Foundation, Edgar Heymann, Samuel Insull, Jr., Kraft 
Foods Company, Hughston M. McBain, Mrs. R. C. McQuillen, 
National Society of Colonial Dames of America (Illinois), Oscar 
Mayer Foundation, Incorporated, Henry Pope, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. 
Reuben Schutz, Sigmund Silberman Foundation, Society of Colonial 
Wars (Illinois), Miss Edith G. Turtle, and Mrs. Richard Zickman. 

Those who have given $1,000 to $100,000 in money or materials 
are elected Contributors by the Board of Trustees (see page 112 for 
roster of Contributors). Contributors elected in 1956 are: Albert 
L. Arenberg, Mrs. Claire S. Arenberg, Dr. J. Ernest Carman, 
Miss La Verne Hand, Dr. Ernest Lundelius, Dr. Orlando Park, and 
Miss Elisabeth Telling. Gifts of materials received during the year 
are listed at the end of this Report (see page 100) and under the 
heading "Accessions" in the reports of the scientific departments. 



An increase in the number of Members on the Museum's lists is 
reported for 1956. At the close of the year the total number of 
memberships was 5,634. The number of Members in each member- 
ship classification was as follows: Benefactors — 25; Honorary Mem- 
bers — 8; Patrons — 15; Corresponding Members — 4; Contributors — 206; 
Corporate Members — 38; Life Members — 119; Non-Resident Life 
Members — 24; Associate Members — 2,184; N on-Resident Associate 
Members — 18; Sustaining Members — 31; Annual Members — 2,962. 
The Museum expresses its deep appreciation to its many Members 
whose support helps to make possible the continuance of its research 
and educational work. The names of all Members of the Museum 
during 1956 are listed at the end of this Report under the various 
classes of membership that are offered by the Museum (see also 
page 25 for names of Contributors elected in 1956). 


A record number of almost 1,400 Members and their guests visited 
the Museum on October 12, the occasion of its sixth annual Members' 
Night. Of particular interest was the African king's house, an 
unusual exhibit consisting of a full-size reproduction of the home of 
a native king in the Cameroons, with typical wall decorations, 
furnishings, and personal equipment (see Department of Anthro- 
pology, page 45). The King's Day, written by Mrs. Webster Plass 
and published by the Museum, was presented to each visitor as 
a memento of the occasion. Visitors also were greatly interested 
in the newly reinstalled halls portraying the cultures of Melanesia, 
Micronesia, Polynesia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Offices and 
workrooms of all departments in the Museum were open for in- 
spection, and staff members again enjoyed the privilege of explaining 
their work to the loyal supporters of the Museum, many of whom 
were amazed at the diversity of the Museum's undertakings. 
Guided tours were available to all who desired them. 

The program of the evening was brought to a close in James 
Simpson Theatre, where Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of 
Anthropology, spoke briefly of the objectives and methods of 
anthropological research and then introduced Ronald W. Force, 
Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, who, with ap- 
propriate comments, presented the film "Kapingamarangi." This 
splendid color-film depicting contemporary life among the natives 


Reconstruction of an African king's house 

of an island in the South Pacific was made available through the 
courtesy of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu. Many 
of our exhibits featured on this evening are the finest of their type 
in the world. They are on permanent display in the Museum for 
the education and enjoyment of those who are interested in the 
people who inhabit remote areas of the earth. 

Members' Night was held during International Museum Week, 
for which a special display was arranged in Stanley Field Hall to 
emphasize the world-wide relationships of our Museum. Stressed 
was our exchange of publications and specimens with other institu- 
tions throughout the world working in our fields of study. Books 
and specimens were used in connection with world maps to point 
out the far-flung sources of our research collections (see page 35). 



The Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension 
functions for the educational benefit of Chicago school-children by 
lending to schools Museum exhibits that can be used in classrooms. 
The exhibits, which cover a wide range of subjects selected from the 
areas of scientific work of the Museum, are constructed in the work- 
rooms of the department and are installed in glass-fronted wooden 
cases fitted with pull-out explanatory labels. 

Two trucks operated by the department deliver the exhibits in 
accordance with a system of regular rotation during the months 
when school is in session. Two exhibits are delivered on loan to 
each school in September. On the following tenth school-day the 
exhibits are picked up and two others are left in their place, and 
exchanges are then made at intervals of ten school-days until mid- 
June. The schedule provides delivery of a total of 34 different 
exhibits to each school during the year, and there is no charge for 
the service. All public schools of Chicago are eligible, as are private 
and parochial schools that make application. Whenever possible 
the department also accepts for routine service applications from 
public-service institutions that show need for the exhibits. 

Practices and procedures established over the years continued in 
operation. Pick-up of the portable exhibits at the end of the school- 
year was completed on June 15 and deliveries for the next school-year 
were begun on September 10. On December 31, 1,032 exhibits were 
in loan-circulation in the city, and the total of exhibit-loans for the 
calendar year was 17,580. In carrying out the department's ex- 
hibit-loan obligations, the two trucks were in operation 167 days 
of the year and traveled some 11,000 miles. The schools and 
institutions on the circulation list at the end of December numbered 
516, of which 501 were schools (97 per cent). Of these 501 schools, 
401 were public (80 per cent of school circulation), 90 were parochial 
(18 per cent of school circulation), and 10 were private (2 per cent 
of school circulation). Fifteen boys' clubs, YMCA's, and settle- 
ment houses made up the remaining 3 per cent of the total list. 

Damage to exhibits this year was moderately heavy. Twenty- 
eight exhibits that were recalled from schools because of breakage 
could be repaired and returned to circulation, and necessary repairs 
were made on an additional 504. One portable exhibit, the prairie 
chicken, was destroyed by vandals, and another, an industrial 
study of dyewoods, was stolen. Exhibit material only was stolen 
from two other portable cases — a pair of nesting goldfinches and 
a miniature model of the Cretaceous dinosaur Trachodon. 


A set of six new exhibits of violets native to Illinois, completed 
early in the year by Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist, 
and Arthur J. Soderling, Assistant Preparator, is now in circulation. 
Also completed are two squirrel exhibits, one identifying tree 
squirrels, the other ground squirrels. Four old exhibits of white 
lady's-slipper were renovated by replacement of the flowers. 

In addition to routine circulation of portable exhibits, the de- 
partment filled thirty requests for study-kit material. Most of 
these requests were from teachers for birdskins, mounted birds, 
mammal skins, insect hand-cases, and rocks and fossils. At the 
request of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences two of 
the department's standard portable exhibits were lent to them to 
assist in establishing a similar service there. 


The 105th and 106th series of lectures for adult audiences were 
held in James Simpson Theatre on Saturday afternoons in the spring 
and fall under the auspices of the Edward E. Ayer Lecture Founda- 
tion. This continuing series, which features outstanding speakers 
in the fields of natural history and ethnology, has covered subjects 
from the frozen north and the mountains of Asia to the tropical 
Nile and the Mediterranean. A total of 15,672 persons attended, 
and letters as well as personal calls show continued appreciation. 


During the year an increasing emphasis was placed by the Museum's 
Book Shop on handicrafts from various areas of the world, and 
merchandise from about twenty countries was on sale. The Mu- 
seum booklet For Pebble Pups, A Collecting Guide for Junior Geolo- 
gists (see Annual Report 1955, page 71) continued to be a best- 
seller, with approximately 25,000 copies sold in the fourteen months 
ended December 31. The advertising program of the William 
Wrigley Company featuring For Pebble Pups was completed during 
1956, and the many letters from educators, parents, and children 
attest to the value of this co-operative contribution to science 
education. Book Shop sales for 1956 were $139,815.17, an increase 
of more than $26,000 over 1955. Mail-order sales of books, color 
transparencies, and other material continued to increase and 
amounted to about 20 per cent of the total. 



The educational program of Raymond Foundation for 1956 showed 
definitely the trend that is evident in most museums in the United 
States — school groups are using the museums more and more as 
a part of their regular school-work. The museum has become 
accepted by school administrators as a classroom for all types of 
students and for groups of students. The excellence of the Museum's 
offerings has been widely commended. 

Of particular importance and interest is the response of teachers 
to programs offered by subject and grade-level in the Museum at the 
time needed. These programs are of various kinds: (1) suggested 
tours (worked out following the course of study) ; (2) special school- 
programs (introduction for groups of approximately 100 students 
in a Museum meeting-room, followed by individual-student work 
in a hall or halls closed to other visitors — 106 programs with 
total attendance of 8,803); (3) workshop in rocks and minerals 
(32 programs with total attendance of 1,379); and (4) special pro- 
gram about Eskimos for fourth-graders (51 programs with total 
attendance of 1,767). 

In addition to programs for school groups, Raymond Foundation 
prepared programs for Girl Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, Cub Scouts, 
and YMCA groups. Three Girl Scout programs, "Helps on Nature- 
Proficiency Badges," were given in February, with a total attendance 
of 1,413. Expeditions for Brownie Scouts continued with the spring 
expedition "Bible Plants" (434 participating) and the fall expedition 
"Dinosaur Land" (1,185 participating). The Camp Fire Girls were 
offered similar expeditions, with 508 participating in the spring 
expedition "Bible Plants" and 61 in the fall expedition "Dinosaur 
Land." "Buffalo Hunt," a special summer-program for young YMCA 
members, was given to 24 groups with a total of 1,043 attending. 

Museum Journeys continued to be offered to individual children 
and to groups. Four Journeys, each available for two months, were 
offered during the year: Winter (December-January), Spring 
(March-April), Summer (July-August), and Fall (October-Novem- 
ber). The Winter Journey (No. 4) of 1955-56, "Toys," carried 
over into 1956 with a total of 135 Journeys completed; the Spring 
Journey (No. 5), "Bible Plants," totaled 264 completed; the Summer 
Journey (No. 6), "Postage-Stamp Safari," totaled 74 completed; 
the Fall Journey (No. 7), "Dinosaur Land," totaled 469 completed; 
and the Winter Journey (No. 8), "Holiday- Animal Hunt," which 


Miss Miriam Wood, who is Chief of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation, tells children from a public'School class about the mammals of Illinois. 

carried over into 1957, totaled 118 completed in 1956. For all but 
one of these Journeys special exhibits were prepared by the Ray- 
mond Foundation staff as starting points for the young travelers. 

An exhibit of sketches of Bible plants for Journey No. 5 was 
prepared by Miss Marie Svoboda. With the sketches, made by 
Wendell Hall for the series of Museum Stories on Bible plants, 
were displayed a map of Bible lands and Bibles opened to show 
certain references to plants. John R. Millar, Deputy Director of 
the Museum, and Gustav A. Noren, of the Division of Maintenance, 
assisted greatly with this exhibit. For Journey No. 6 an exhibit of 
stamps depicting animals of various countries was prepared by 
Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of Raymond Foundation. Mrs. Maryl 
Andre" of Raymond Foundation, Curator Harry E. Changnon, 


Preparator Henry U. Taylor, and Assistant Henry Horback of the 
Department of Geology, James R. Shouba and Noren of the Division 
of Maintenance, and Mr. Millar assisted with the exhibit. The 
stamps were from the personal collection of the Director of the 
Museum, Dr. Clifford C. Gregg (see page 77). 

The motion-picture programs for children on Saturday mornings 
in spring and fall and on Thursday mornings in summer were 
continued, with a slight decrease in attendance in spring, an increase 
of more than 1,000 in fall, and a decrease of about 2,000 in summer. 
Total attendance in spring (9 programs) was 5,118, in summer 
(12 programs, 2 showings on each of the 6 Thursdays) 7,966, and 
in fall (8 programs) 5,506. At the spring and fall programs our 
series of Museum Stories were distributed to the children: "Bible 
Plants" (9 stories by Marie Svoboda) and "Days of the Dinosaurs" 
(8 stories by Dolla Cox Weaver). Extension-lecture service for the 
Chicago public schools continued but in greatly reduced numbers 
because of the increasing demand for programs in the Museum 
(33 extension lectures were given to a total of 8,805 students) . 

The year's total attendance for Raymond Foundation of 112,922 
(2,106 groups, see 1956 summary below) is approximately 11,500 
more than that of the year before (1,811 groups, totaling 101,384). 
Months with record attendance were February, March, October, 
and November, with October breaking all records for any other 
month in any year. There were waiting lists for seven out of the 
twelve months, totaling 174 groups with an approximate total of 
9,000 students waiting for possible cancellation. Summary follows : 

Activities within the Museum 

ror children Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 1,242 50,223 

Lectures preceding tours ... . 416 25,385 

Motion-picture programs. . . 29 18,590 

Total 1,687 94,198 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 342 5,521 

Lectures preceding tours 44 4,398 

Total 386 9,919 

Extension Activities 

Chicago Public Schools 32 8,705 

Miscellaneous 1 100 

Total 33 8,805 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 2,106 112,922 


John R. Millar, Deputy Director of the Museum, presents a Museum Traveler Award 
to Janet Mangold 'certifying that she has successfully taken four Museum Journeys. 

Museum Traveler Awards were presented to the twenty-three 
boys and girls who successfully completed four Journeys during 
1956. Thirteen were presented at one of the Saturday-morning 
motion-picture programs for children and ten on Members' Night 
(each Award is signed by the Director of the Museum). 

In July and August the Museum again showed the Museum film 
"Through These Doors" at 3 o'clock daily except Saturdays and 
Sundays. Visitors still interested in learning more about the 
Museum but weary of walking through the halls responded in great 
numbers to the signs: "Are your feet tired? Would you like to sit 
down? See the Museum in movies!" The film was shown 34 times 
with a total attendance of 4,067 Museum visitors. 



Bryan Patterson, who resigned his curatorship of fossil mammals 
in June, 1955, to become Alexander Agassiz Professor of Vertebrate 
Paleontology at Harvard University, was elected Research Associate 
in the Division of Fossil Vertebrates by the Board of Trustees. 
Roland W. Force, formerly of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in 
Honolulu, joined the staff of this Museum in June as Curator of 
Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology immediately following his 
return from field work in Micronesia under the auspices of the 
Tri-Institutional Pacific Program. Other appointments during the 
year were: Miss Eugenia Bernoff, Library; Walter Boyer, Ceramic 
Restorer, Department of Anthropology; Almon Cooley, Assistant 
Preparator, Harris Extension; Bruce Erickson, Preparator, Depart- 
ment of Geology; Albert William Forslev, Associate Curator, Di- 
vision of Mineralogy and Petrology; Miss Marilyn Jaskiewicz, 
Secretary, Department of Botany; Miss Marion Pahl, Staff Illus- 
trator; and Dr. G. Alan Solem, Assistant, Lower Invertebrates. 

Miss Marion K. Hoffmann, Assistant Auditor, became Acting 
Auditor upon the resignation of Robert A. Krueger, Auditor; Mrs. 
M. Eileen Rocourt, in charge of classifying and cataloguing in the 
Library, was appointed Associate Librarian; Henry Horback, Pre- 
parator in the Department of Geology, was made Assistant in 
Geology; and Mrs. Maryl Andre" was transferred from the Library 
to Raymond Foundation. Resignations during the year were: Miss 
Laura Brodie, Assistant, Department of Zoology; Cameron E. Gif- 
ford, Preparator, Department of Geology; Mrs. Donna G. Grove, 
Library; Mrs. Lorraine Kratz, Assistant Registrar; Robert A. 
Krueger, Auditor; Miss M. Dianne Maurer, Secretary, Department 
of Botany; Arthur J. Soderling, Assistant Preparator, Harris Ex- 
tension; and Norman H. Suhr, Associate Curator, Geology. 

It is with deep regret that I record the death on April 11 of 
Mrs. Emily M. Wilcoxson, former Librarian of the Museum who 
faithfully served the Museum for almost forty-five years until her 
retirement in 1950. I further record with deep regret the death 
on June 26 of Miss Margaret M. Cornell, former Chief of James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, who joined the 
staff in 1926 and retired in 1939; the death on October 20 of Mrs. 
Thresa Jurick, retired janitress who served the Museum for more 
than twenty-five years; the death on June 8 of Leon L. Walters, 
Taxidermist for forty- three years before his retirement in 1954; and 
the death on December 27 of David Dunsmuir, Captain of the 
Guard since 1953, who joined the Museum guard force in 1944. 




tBBt WmtOdrfwBSHk 





During International Museum Week an exhibit illustrating the 
exchange of publications and specimens between museums of the 
world was placed in Stanley Field Hall (see page 27). An exhibit 
on Dutch elm disease was displayed from April through November 
(see page 51), and through the summer an exhibit commemorating 
the local emergence of the seventeen-year cicada was installed 
temporarily in adjacent George M. Pullman Hall (see page 66). 
Other special exhibits were photographs of mushrooms by Herbert 
T. Tweedie of Dayton, water-color paintings of birds of Venezuela 
by Kathleen Deery de Phelps of Caracas, paintings of wildlife by 
Tom Dolan of Berwyn, Illinois, and small exhibits to serve as starting 
points for Museum Journeys (see page 31). Again in 1957 there 
were special exhibits that have become annual events: the Annual 
Amateur Handcrafted Gem and Jewelry Competitive Exhibition 
in June, the Chicago International Exhibition of Nature Photog- 
raphy in February, and drawings and paintings by students of the 
School of the Art Institute of Chicago in May (see also page 75). 







The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for their help 
during the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates 
and Associates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of 
this Report. Other volunteers are : George Brien, Miss Diane DeVry, 
Michael Duever, Edward Feinstein, Robert Fizzell, Ira L. Fogel, 
Dr. Robert L. Hass, Mrs. Judith D. Lownes, Thomas Mclntyre, 
Paul D. Molnar, Joseph A. Pizzo, Philip Porzel, Leon Rainers, 
Wayne Shadburne, and Miss Carol Smith. 


The Museum conducted fourteen expeditions and field trips in 1956. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments. Expeditions and field trips of 1956_and 
their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Chicago Region Archaeological 
Field Trips, 1955-56 (Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology) ; 
Great Lakes Area Archaeological Field Trips (George I. Quimby, 
Curator of North American Archaeology and Ethnology); Peru 
Archaeological Expedition (Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South 
American Archaeology and Ethnology); Southwest Archaeological 
Expedition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology) 

Department of Geology — Central America Volcanological Ex- 
pedition (Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology); Eastern 
States Paleontological Field Trip (Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of 
Fossil Fishes); Louisiana Sedimentology Field Trip (Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles); Paleobotanical Field Trip to 
Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee (George Langford, Curator 
of Fossil Plants); Wyoming Paleontological Expedition (William D. 
Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals) 

Department of Zoology — Borneo Zoological Expedition (Dr. 
Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles); Caribbean 
Marine Field Work (Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Inverte- 
brates) ; Eastern United States Zoological Field Trip (Henry S. Dybas, 
Associate Curator of Insects) ; Peru Zoological Expedition (Celestino 
Kalinowski); Philippine Zoological Field Work (D. S. Rabor, Field 
Associate in the Department of Zoology) 


Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The Southwest Archaeological Expedition spent nine weeks in 
moving camp-headquarters from Pine Lawn, New Mexico, to 
Vernon, Arizona. Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthro- 
pology, was in charge of the expedition staff, assisted by Dr. John 
B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, Charles Lewis, 
Roland Strassburger, Douglas Keney, George Dunham, and Mrs. 
Martha Perry. Some demolition of old buildings at the new camp 
and remodeling were accomplished in this period. 

Search for archaeological sites was carried on in a methodical 
manner. First visited were all ranchers, collectors, and local 
archaeologists, some of whom had definite leads to sites. Then, by 
truck and on foot, members of the expedition reached out farther 
and farther to determine in a broad manner the cultural sequence 
of the region (750 square miles). Thus more than a hundred sites 
were located. Detailed notes were compiled on each ruin, including 
such information as location with reference to roads, land boundaries, 
and other permanent landmarks. A collection of sherds from each 
site was made and shipped to the Museum for analysis and study. 
No digging was done this season because all time was devoted to 
reconnaissance and research. 

The earliest evidences of man found this year occur on the higher 
ancient beaches of now-extinct lakes. These sites, ancient camps 
and flint factories, yielded stone tools and remains of old firepits 
but no pottery. It is believed that these evidences of habitation 
are fairly old, perhaps 2,000 to 4,000 years or even more. The 
next-younger sites are pit-house villages, from the surfaces of which 
pottery fragments and tools of stone were collected. These villages 
are thought to be about 1,200 to 2,000 years old. The later sites, 
as revealed solely by pottery fragments, were much larger and more 
pretentious. Pottery also is more elaborate and there are many 
more varieties. Some of the villages contain a hundred or more 
rooms and cover acres. 

These discoveries show certainly that the Pine Lawn peoples 
who have been studied during the past dozen years by the Museum's 
Southwest Archaeological Expedition did move into this area, be- 
ginning perhaps about A.D. 700-900. One of the more ornamented 
pottery types that was picked up is related to types made by the 
Hopi Indians in historic times (since 1540), and another is clearly 


Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, shows pottery recovered 
in 1956 by our Southwest Archaeological Expedition to guests on Members' Night. 

related to a pottery made by the Zuni Indians, also in historic times. 
We are now of the opinion that the great flowering of the Hopi and 
Zuni cultures in the 13th to 15th centuries may have been generated 
by diffusion from and stimulation by the peoples of the Little 
Colorado Drainage and that these people were originally, in part, 
at least, of Mogollon origin. If this be true, we shall have data 
pertaining to a continuity of culture covering about 8,000 years — or 
from Cochise times (about 7000 B.C.) down to a.d. 1540, the conquest 
of the Hopi and Zuni Indians by the Spaniards. This long sequence 
— one that would compare favorably with the long histories of 
the Near East, Greece, and Rome — is of particular interest because 
a mass of data is required for the study of any culture. 

Two main threads of interest have motivated the work of our 
Southwest Archaeological Expedition: (1) an attempt to recognize 
consistent interrelationship between culture phenomena in order to 
establish regularities or similarities that might recur in, through, 
and across cultural boundaries or in historically separate areas and 


(2) a concern with the occurrence of facts and events and when 
these took place — in other words, a historical approach. The 
primary interest — devising formulae that might have predictive 
value in suggesting where man is bound — cannot be undertaken 
without the particularizing, detailed, historical analyses of particular 
areas or culture types. Thus the work of the Southwest Archaeo- 
logical Expedition is infinitely more than a search for sites, specimens, 
or treasures, although each has intrinsic interest. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
prepared a report on excavations during the summer of 1955 in 
Foote Canyon Pueblo, a large pueblo-village on the Blue River in 
extreme eastern Arizona, and supervised preparation of drawings 
and illustrations for the report. From time to time he did research 
in archaeology of Southwestern Indians for preparation of exhibits 
in Hall 7 (Ancient and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United 
States), which still is incomplete. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, spent six months in Peru making explorations and 
excavations in the Casma Valley on the coast two hundred miles 
north of Lima. He was assisted by Donald E. Thompson, a graduate 
student at Harvard University. The expedition was made possible 
by a grant from the National Science Foundation. Before this 
year's work the Casma Valley has been one of the least-known 
archaeologically of the coastal valleys. For this reason an attempt 
was made to study all parts of the valley to determine the number, 
character, and age of the prehistoric settlements and other ruins. 
Detailed studies, including mapping, photography, and making 
surface collections, were carried out at fifty-three sites, and test 
excavations were made at ten of these. Of particular interest to 
the expedition were two large towns laid out in rectangular grid- 
pattern, each covering nearly a square mile. They dated from the 
Tiahuanaco period, about A.D. 1000. The expedition's collection 
of ceramics, fragments of textiles, organic materials from refuse 
deposits (animal bones, shells, and vegetable materials), and wood 
samples for radiocarbon dating soon will be shipped to the Museum 
from Peru. After his return to the Museum in August, Curator 
Collier devoted his time to study of data gathered in Peru and to 
designing and installing new exhibits in Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern 
Indians of Mexico and Central America). 

M. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, continued his study of the archaeology and general culture- 
history of south China during the Chou period (traditionally, 
1122-221 B.C.). The emphasis has been on the cultures of the 


non-Chinese peoples who predominated in the region at that period 
rather than on the classical culture of the Chinese, whose culture 
subsequently spread over the south, destroying or pushing back the 
non-Chinese cultures indigenous to the region. 

Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, joined the Museum staff on June 15, 1956, immediately 
following his return to the United States after eighteen months of 
ethnological field work in Micronesia. While in the field, Curator 
Force, then Associate in Ethnology on the staff of Bernice P. Bishop 
Museum in Honolulu, engaged in research that was part of a broad 
program under the auspices of the Tri-Institutional Pacific Program 
(Yale University, University of Hawaii, and Bishop Museum 
participating). Specific foci of study were the nature of social 
structure, political change, and leadership in the Palau Islands of 
the Western Carolines. He has been engaged in the arrangement of 
field materials for publication since his return from the Pacific. 
While on his way to the Museum from the Palaus, he inspected 
Pacific collections in Manila, Hongkong, Taipei, Tokyo, Seattle, 
and Santa Fe and, in November, in Milwaukee. 

Some research on fossil man in Europe and some inquiry into 
origins of Navaho silversmithing were undertaken by George I. 
Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
in connection with the exhibition program. His major research, 
however, was on problems of archaeology and environment in the 
upper Great Lakes area. For data he visited museums and uni- 
versities in Michigan and Wisconsin and consulted with archae- 
ologists, geologists, botanists, and pollen specialists. Field work was 
undertaken in Ontario and in the upper peninsula of Michigan. 
Tentative propositions resulting from Great Lakes studies are: 
Paleo-Indians making use of fluted points of chipped stone probably 
lived in the Great Lakes region from Late Cary times (Port Huron 
glacial advance) until after the Valders glacial advance. In terms 
of radiocarbon dates (not universally accepted) this period would 
have been from about 10,500 B.C. to about 8500 B.C., a period 
embracing two glacial advances and one interstadial and several 
different stages in the development of the Great Lakes. The 
mysterious Old Copper culture flourished sometime in the period 
between the Lake Algonquin stage and the Lake Nipissing stage, 
essentially a period of falling water-levels culminating in water- 
planes 350 feet to 400 feet below modern levels in the upper Great 
Lakes. In terms of radiocarbon dates, this period lasted from some 
time before 6000 B.C. to about 2000 B.C. 


Crocodile-god design 

Code style, Panama 

During the spring and summer months the archaeological 
survey of the Chicago area, which was begun two years ago, was 
continued as part of the work of the Chicago area archaeological 
project. Seven days were spent in testing the Huber site, much of 
which work was done by volunteers — members of the Earth Science 
Club of Northern Illinois and the staff of Chicago Natural History 
Museum, students from the University of Chicago, and others 
interested in the prehistory of the area — under the direction of 
Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology. Several sections of 
the large village-area were tested, and the intensity of occupation 
in each was determined by the depth of deposit and amount of 
village debris. The pottery and stone, bone, and shell artifacts 
were brought to the Museum, where they were washed, classified, 
and catalogued. More than 5,000 sherds were recovered, most of 
which may be described as shell-tempered Upper Mississippi type. 


Enough fragments of one large jar were found to make possible the 
restoration of the vessel. The chipped-stone tools include small 
triangular projectile points, random flake-scrapers, blades, and 
gravers. Among the ground-stone tools were milling stones, ham- 
merstones, and fragments of celts, or axes. The most unusual 
artifact recovered from the dig is a small oval limestone-pebble 
that has on one side an engraving of an animal with an arrow 
pointed toward it and on the other what may be a crude "stick-man." 

The Bukidnon of Mindanao by Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Research 
Associate in Malaysian Ethnology, was published by the Museum 
(see Annual Report 1954, page 39). Part of the expense of printing 
the monograph was borne by the Marian and Adolph Lichtstern 
Fund for Anthropological Research, Department of Anthropology, 
University of Chicago. 

Dr. J. M. Wright, Department of Orthodontics, University of 
Illinois Medical School, is attempting to establish a method of 
determining a cephalic index from the lateral head X-ray that can 
be used in studying the living individual to understand maloc- 
clusion better in relation to physical type. The immediate problem 
is to try to determine a cephalic index by using a lateral head 
X-ray oriented on a Rickett's head-holder and by using height and 
length instead of breadth and length as normally used. Dr. Wright 
used 125 skulls from the Museum's collection, measured the cephalic 
index of each skull, and took an X-ray. He plans to determine the 
index from the X-rays and correlate with the known index. 

Accessions— Anthropology 

Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow in Anthropology, gave an 
additional 134 pieces from his collection of rare fourteenth- to 
eighteenth-century oriental porcelain and pottery, all of it grave- 
furniture or ceremonial or heirloom pieces recovered in the Philip- 
pines (see Annual Report 1954, page 39). An outstanding gift is 
a fine example of an early bronze drum from northern Laos in 
Indochina presented by Oden Meeker, of New York (see Chicago 
Natural History Museum Bulletin, July 1956). Miss Elisabeth 
Telling, of Guilford, Connecticut, presented 45 significant original 
drawings of native peoples made by her during the past fifteen 
years in Indonesia and Central America. Two baskets, presented 
by Miss Elizabeth M. Goodland of Chicago and collected by the 
Reverend P. Moiket at Upi/ Philippines, are the handicraft of the 
Tiruray, a pagan group living in Cotabato Province on the island 


Abai (council house) in the Palau Islands 
(photograph by Roland W. Force) 

of Mindanao, and make valuable additions to our very limited 
collection of Tiruray material. Robert Trier, formerly of Chicago, 
gave three fire pistons from Kota Bharu, Malaya, one of unusual 
design with date in Arabic (about 1866) and another of buffalo horn. 
A collection of materials from the Eastern Highlands of New 
Guinea was purchased from the collector, Professor James B. 
Watson, of the University of Washington. The collection represents 
an area of New Guinea about which very little is known, and no 
specimens of the region represented by this collection have ever 
before been included in the Chicago Natural History Museum 
catalogue. The feather-work in the collection is noteworthy. 
Among the 142 items that were collected by Curator Force during 
his expedition to the Palau Islands for the Tri-Institutional Pacific 
Program and presented to the Museum are some valuable specimens 
of pottery (pottery, which is extremely limited in its distribution 
in Oceania, is rare today because of its replacement by trade goods 
where pottery was made in aboriginal times). In the collection are 
two complete pots, a rare ceramic lamp, and an extensive collection 
of type-sherds from a series of archaeological sites in Palau. 


Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

Removal of the Melanesian, Polynesian, Micronesian, Formosan, 
Australian, and Madagascan collections from dead storage and 
their placement in the Pacific Research Laboratory was completed 
under the supervision of Chief Curator Martin and Mr. Hester. 
Hester was seconded by Allen S. Liss, Assistant in Anthropology, 
and a group that included John Hobgood, assistant, Irving Wortis 
and William J. Hiebert, Antioch College students, and Ira L. Fogel, 
Robert Fizzell, and Paul D. Molnar, volunteers. The holdings of 
the Pacific Research Laboratory were increased by a large number 
of Oceanic area specimens that were removed from exhibition. 

A project to make more available reference and study collections 
of all North American archaeological materials was started early in 
the year. A large reference collection of North American Indian 
basketry was moved in with various tribal ethnological collections 
and, under the direction of Curator Quimby, archaeological materials 
from eastern North America were moved to the third floor from the 
basement storeroom by Phillip H. Lewis and John Hobgood, as- 
sistants, and by Museum Fellow James A. Brown, who checked speci- 
mens and reorganized the collections by state and county locations. 

The collection of ancient Mesopotamian artifacts brought back 
from Kish by the Field Museum-Oxford University Expeditions 
(1922-32) has been reduced to order by Nicholas B. Millet, graduate 
student in Egyptology at the University of Chicago, aided by Miss 
Grace Alpher of Antioch College, Miss Carol Smith, volunteer, and 
Hobgood. The registration had been left incomplete and the material 
had been divided between three storerooms shortly after its arrival 
in Chicago. Six months of steady work resulted in the consolidation 
of the collection, the completion of the catalogue cards, and the 
final registration of all objects. About 2,000 problem-cards were 
studied and paired off with their objects, and the completed series 
of cards (in all about 8,000) was arranged in numerical order to 
serve as a handy catalogue. The objects themselves were sorted by 
material and type and arranged within these types in numerical 
order on the shelves so that the storeroom itself serves as a subject- 
file. It is thus possible for a specimen to be found either by type 
or by number. 

Curator Starr's attention has been largely devoted to organiza- 
tion of the East Asian Library (see page 22) with Dr. Hoshien 
Tchen of the Museum Library staff. Curator Starr devoted some 
time to reorganizating and recataloguing our small collection of 
anthropological material from Burma. 


Exhibits— Anthropology 

Nine new exhibits were prepared for Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern 
Indians of Mexico and Central America), completing the section 
devoted to ethnology of Mexico and Guatemala, four for Hall 7 
(Ancient and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States), 
and one for Hall C (Stone Age of the Old World). Dioramist Alfred 
Lee Rowell finished a diorama for Hall 8 of a Maya eighth-century 
ceremony that was performed to dedicate a newly erected stela with 
calendrical inscriptions (this diorama is not yet installed) and also 
began work on a diorama showing an Aztec market. 

Hester, assisted by Liss, completed renovation and reinstallation 
of all Melanesian (Hall A), Australian (Hall Al), and Polynesian 
and Micronesian (Hall F) exhibits and added a new Indonesian 
(Hall G) exhibit, a task involving indexing withdrawn artifacts and 
storing them in the Pacific Research Laboratory. As in renovation 
in 1955 of the Philippine (Hall A) and Indonesian (Hall G) exhibits, 
all exhibition cases were cleaned, repainted, and top-lighted. The 
Melanesian exhibition cases in Hall A were placed in a new floor-plan 
that eliminates the traditional long-corridor arrangement, a change 
that gives at nearly every turn a view of the broad fronts of the 
cases rather than, as formerly, their narrow ends and increases the 
viewing distance. Four new built-in cases were installed in which 
are displayed exceptional specimens from Melanesia. In Hall F 
the traditional floor-plan was kept to allow a long vista of the Maori 
house at the end of the hall, but the distance between exhibits was 
doubled and a patio of 150 square feet was cleared immediately in 
front of the house where were installed two monumental replicas of 
the gigantic Easter Island stone heads modeled for us by Walter 
Boyer, Ceramic Restorer. Two new exhibits were installed in Hall F, 
one of woodcarving from the Austral and Cook islands in Polynesia 
and the other of weapons from Fiji. All the new exhibits were 
prepared by Artist Gustaf Dalstrom and Preparator Walter C. 
Reese. This whole program of renovation and reinstallation could 
not have been accomplished without the full co-operation of James 
R. Shouba, Superintendent, and William E. Lake, Chief Engineer, 
and their respective crews, who made every effort to fulfill their 
assignments promptly and efficiently. 

A new exhibit in Hall E (Africa and Madagascar), the Cameroons 
King's House, was completed for Members' Night (see page 26). 
The exhibit is an outgrowth of collaboration with Mrs. Webster 
Plass and William B. Fagg, both of the British Museum (London), 
whose admiration for our Cameroons collections and their interest in 


our plans for reorganization of our African ethnological exhibits 
resulted in the decision to construct a full-size representation of 
the house of an African king to display artifacts in the context 
of native life. Two auxiliary structures, a drum hut and an ancestor 
shrine, were set up near the house. As a gift to this Museum, 
Mrs. Plass, a collector of African art and member of the Department 
of Ethnography of the British Museum, presented her services as 
consultant and as artist. The Museum and especially the staff of 
the Department of Anthropology are deeply indebted to her for her 
generous assistance in planning and executing the project and, most 
of all, for her boundless enthusiasm and good will. Mrs. Plass also 
is author of The King's Day, a booklet published by the Museum 
for the Cameroons King's House exhibit. Assistant Lewis conducted 
research and planned the exhibit, supervised construction of the 
house, and acted as preparator, with Preparator Reese and Ceramic 
Restorer Boyer, in the installation of the Cameroons materials. 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist in the Department of Anthropology, is at work on 
the figure of a ceremonial dragon that will be used in a Maya diorama for Hall 8. 


Department of Botany 

Research and Expeditions 

In the early part of the year the Curator Emeritus of Botany, 
Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, continued his field work in Cuba on palms, with 
the invaluable collaboration of several interested Cubans. As more 
and more of the savannah country is becoming cleared for cattle 
raising or rice growing, it is increasingly difficult to bring together 
the botanical material and observations required for a critical and 
comprehensive study of the whole genus Copernicia. Some rather 
bulky material left in storage in Cuba in 1955 was brought to the 
Museum with this year's collections. Flowering spadices, fruit, and 
seeds maturing only in the latter half of the year have been received 
from helpful and reliable correspondents in Cuba and Haiti. Seeds 
for the production of seedlings of hitherto lacking species have been 
supplied by Curator Emeritus Dahlgren to the University of Chicago 
greenhouse to provide material for cytological study by Dr. J. M. 
Beal and to the Chicago Park District greenhouses at Garfield and 
Marquette parks for cultivation. In the care of the Museum's 
palm herbarium and in his research on classification of Copernicia, 
the Curator Emeritus has had the competent and effective part- 
time aid of Dr. Sidney F. Glassman of the University of Illinois 
(Navy Pier, Chicago). 

Paul C. Standley, Curator Emeritus of the Phanerogamic 
Herbarium, now at Escuela Agricola Panamericana near Teguci- 
galpa, Honduras, is resuming work, in collaboration with Paul Allen 
of the United Fruit Company, on the flora of Honduras, which will 
be published by the government of Honduras. J. Francis Macbride, 
Curator of Peruvian Botany, continued his studies of various 
families in preparation of additional parts of his Flora of Peru. 
In the section containing the families Sapindaceae— Theaceae, pub- 
lished by the Museum before the end of the year, the treatment of 
the genus Theobroma, to which cacao belongs, is by Dr. Jose" 
Cuatrecasas, former Curator of Colombian Botany. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
identified a large consignment of Hawaiian plants from Dr. Otto 
Degener and another collection, mostly of Compositae, from the 
British Museum (Natural History). Dr. Margery C. Carlson, 
Associate in Botany, completed her monograph of the genus Rus- 
selia (Scrophulariaceae) and late in December left for another 
collecting trip in Costa Rica. 


Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, pursued his studies 
of living and fossil gymnosperms and of modern systems of classifi- 
cation of the plant kingdom. During the year he initiated a pro- 
gram of comparative studies of modern angiosperm pollen, in which 
work he was aided by Miss Penelope Dunbar, Antioch College 
student, and by Miss June Kolar and, later, Miss M. Dianne 
Maurer, assistants. The special project of photographing the 
entire Sesse" and Mocino collection, on loan from the Botanical 
Garden in Madrid, was completed with the assistance of the Division 
of Photography. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Her- 
barium, spent considerable time in typing labels and sorting speci- 
mens of his 1953 Venezuelan collections from Chimanta-tepui and 
completed study of the Compositae of that mountain from his 1953 
and 1955 collections. This family is well represented on this moun- 
tain, two new genera and numerous new endemic species having 
been found as a result of the two expeditions to Chimanta-tepui. 
Various specialists are at work on the collections made during the 
two expeditions, and already many new species of Bromeliaceae 
and Gramineae have been found. A report will be published by 
New York Botanical Garden, with Dr. Bassett Maguire, Dr. John J. 
Wurdack, and Steyermark as co-authors. In addition to studying 
his Venezuelan collections, Steyermark devoted his time to deter- 
minations of miscellaneous collections from various parts of the 
world and directed work on the illustrations for forthcoming parts 
of Flora of Guatemala (Standley and Steyermark). The fourth 
number of Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela (Steyermark and 
collaborators) is in press. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 
did research on the classification of microscopic algae in collaboration 
with William A. Daily, of Butler University. Dr. Hanford Tiffany 
and Donald Richards, Research Associates, continued their studies 
of Oedogoniaceae and bryophytes respectively. Dr. Gregorio T. 
Velasquez, of the University of the Philippines at Quezon City, 
Luis R. Almodovar, of San German, Puerto Rico, Mrs. Fay K. 
Daily, of Butler University, and Edwin T. White, of the University 
of Illinois Research and Educational Hospital, worked on various 
problems of algal classification and distribution in the cryptogamic 
herbarium of the Museum. 

Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his studies of the gross morphology of seeds of agricultural Legumi- 
nosae and virtually completed his review of cycads as economic 
plants. He devoted considerable time in the field to collection and 


observation of grasses in connection with a project on the grasses 
of Illinois undertaken by him and Dr. Robert A. Evers of the 
Illinois Natural History Survey at Urbana. Research, planning, 
and correspondence related to the exhibition program occupied 
a large portion of his time. 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian, spent a great 
amount of time in collating for binding all foreign botanical journals. 
In addition to her regular duties she aided many correspondents by 
finding and sending to them descriptions of and information about 
exotic plants and their uses. 

Accessions— Botany 

The largest gifts to the phanerogamic herbarium this year consisted 
of 2,534 specimens from the United States collected by Holly Reed 
Bennett of Chicago and 594 specimens from Missouri collected by 
Ernest J. Palmer of Webb City, Missouri. Major collections of 
plants acquired through exchange were received from New York 
Botanical Garden (1,160), University of Michigan (1,073), Herbario 
Barbosa Rodrigues in Brazil (718), and the British Museum (Natural 
History) in London (481). Notable purchases were acquired of 
plants from South Africa and Australia. Some important accessions 
in the cryptogamic herbarium were 933 specimens of cryptogams 
received in exchange from the Herbarium of the University of 
California at Berkeley, 100 mosses purchased with funds of the 
Donald Richards Fund from G. 0. K. Sainsbury of Gavelock North, 
New Zealand, and 96 mosses received in exchange from the Botanical 
Museum in Copenhagen. Additions to the wood collection totaled 
185 wood specimens received through gifts and exchange. The most 
notable accessions were 107 woods of the Netherlands, Surinam, and 
Indonesia from the Institute of Forestry, Wageningen, Netherlands, 
and 20 woods of Pakistan from the Ministry of Agriculture, Karachi. 
The seed collection increased considerably in size and usefulness 
through the incorporation of 1,362 samples during the year. Chief 
among these were 772 seed samples from Iowa State College and 
214 samples from the National Botanic Gardens of South Africa. 
Outstanding among the several accessions in the economic col- 
lections were samples of spices presented by American Spice Trade 
Association of Chicago and by S. B. Penick and Company of New 
York City for use in the projected spice-exhibit. Among donors of 
photographs were the Department of Tourists and Publicity of New 
Zealand and the United States Department of Agriculture. 


Care of the Collections— Botany 

During the year 4,980 plants were mounted and added to the 
phanerogamic herbarium. Mounting and poisoning was done by 
Miss Olive Doig, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, and Nils Siegbahn, assisted 
by Robert Yule and, for part of the year, by Miss Margaret Lestina 
and Miss Catherine Sanford, student assistants. Mrs. Effie M. 
Schugman and Miss Alice Middleton mounted 9,587 specimens of 
cryptograms and prepared them for filing in the general collection. 
The processing of the identified portion of the Cuatrecasas Col- 
lection of Colombian woods was completed by Mrs. Ann Bigelow. 
During the year a total of 566 wood specimens was sent out in 
exchange. A necessary reorganization of the rapidly expanding 
seed collection was accomplished by Edward Rosenbaum and Peter 
Ogle, Antioch College students. Work on the restoration of the 
type-photograph collection was continued by Assistant J. S. Daston. 
Mrs. Lenore B. Warner, who continued cataloguing and filing 
negatives, positives, and prints of type photographs, handled all 
the orders for prints that were sold or sent in exchange to individuals 
or to other scientific institutions. 

Exhibits— Botany 

The major alterations currently undertaken in Charles F. Mills- 
paugh Hall (North American Trees, Hall 26) mark the beginning 
of the last phase of the complete revision and rearrangement of the 
exhibits of North American woods. Most of the remaining leafy 
branches needed to complete the three-dimensional models supple- 
menting each wood exhibit are on hand awaiting preparation. One 
important innovation consists of improved built-in wall cases by 
which the former window-transparencies will be more attractively 
displayed with constant illumination free from the damaging and 
fading effects of direct sunlight. Because individual case-lighting 
will soon be introduced in Hall 26, all cases must be completely 
reinstalled, a slow and painstaking process. During the year 
fourteen exhibits were reinstalled. This work is being carried on 
by Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella and Preparator Walter Huebner. 
Nine new model branches were also added. Of these the branches 
of rock elm (Ulmus Thomasi), red mulberry (Morus rubra), and 
red alder (Alnus rubra) were prepared by Technician Frank Boryca 
and the honey locust (Gleditsia iriacanthos) by Artist-Preparator 
Samuel H. Grove, Jr. The branches of western hemlock (Tsuga 


heterophylla) , Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga taxifolia), Idaho white pine 
(Pinus monticola), Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), and Monterey 
cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) are of original material restored for 
exhibit by Curator Sella. During the year Curator Thieret obtained 
fresh material of the following for use as bases for reproductions: 
nutmeg and mace, allspice, varieties of Capsicum peppers, guavas, 
anus (Tropaeolum tuberosum), arracachas (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) , 
ullucus (Ullucus tuberosum), and ocas (Oxalis tuberosa). After 
reinstallation the special exhibit on Dutch elm disease prepared by 
Curator Thieret and Artist-Preparator Grove for display in Stanley 
Field Hall (see page 35) will be placed on permanent exhibition in 
Hall 26. A mural of the giant bromeliad Puya raimondii, the work 
of E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist, which was installed in Martin A. 
and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, Plant Life), shows this little- 
known plant in its characteristic home high in the Bolivian Andes. 

Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits in Botany, shows a branch of ponderosa pine that 
he collected in Oregon and restored for installation in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall. 


Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

As in the past two and one-half years, the Mecca project occupied 
the attention of Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Inverte- 
brates. The first or data-gathering phase of the Mecca project, 
which is a detailed investigation of the fossil content of a Coal Age 
shale occurring near Mecca, Indiana (see Annual Report 1955, 
page 50), was completed in November of this year. The end of 
this phase, which is but a reminder of the vast amount of work yet 
to be done, was celebrated at a ceremony in which the Director of 
the Museum, Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, was invited to split the last 
remaining slab of shale. The next phase of the project has already 
begun: Curator Zangerl is making a systematic study of the verte- 
brates and Curator Richardson a similar study of the invertebrates. 
The present study also involves X-raying and trimming the speci- 
mens and comparing and grouping them. Concurrently Miss 
Cynthia Belton, Antioch College student, is completing the tran- 
scriptions of charts containing distribution data of the fossil content 
of the shale. Other Antioch College students who have aided in 
this research during the year are Miss Sally Higginbotham, Miss 
Jane Black, and Miss Barbara Best. 

The environment in which the black shales at Mecca, Indiana, 
were deposited is characterized by its notable distance from the 
open waters of the Pennsylvanian sea. Similar environments exist 
at the present time along the Gulf Coast of North America, but they 
have never been adequately studied. First-hand observations of 
localities where black mud is now being deposited in the inland 
waters of the Mississippi delta were necessary for the understanding 
of a number of aspects of the environmental conditions of Mecca. 
Accordingly, Curator Zangerl and Curator Richardson spent the 
month of July examining bayous, swamps, marshes, and lakes in the 
general vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. The facilities of the 
Department of Zoology of Tulane University of Louisiana were 
generously placed at their disposal by Dr. Fred R. Cagle. He and 
other members of his staff guided Zangerl and Richardson to areas 
of particular significance and liberally shared with them their 
detailed knowledge of the region. Dr. Richard J. Russell, Dean of 
the Graduate School of Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, 
and Edward Orton, of the Institute of Coastal Plain Studies at that 


university, most helpfully suggested an inspection of the fascinating 
floating-marsh environment fringing Lake Hatch south of Houma, 
Louisiana, and Mr. Orton safely conducted the party across this 
treacherous flotant. While working at Tulane University Curator 
Zangerl with the help of Curator Richardson studied the shield 
variations in a large portion of the splendid series of turtles of the 
Gulf Coast states collected by Dr. Cagle and his associates. 

In pursuance of their interest in black shales, Curator Zangerl 
and Curator Richardson investigated a deposit of this type in 
a Mississippian sequence of limestones near Oolitic, Indiana. The 
locality and occurrence of the shale were called to their attention 
by Dr. Harold R. Wanless, of the University of Illinois. On their 
return journey to the Museum they stopped at Urbana and discussed 
the subject at length with him. Curator Richardson also devoted 
some time to further his study of Coal Age fossil-insects and made 
several excursions to the Northern Illinois Coal Company's strip 
mines in the vicinity of Braidwood and Coal City, Illinois. On one 
of these trips he discovered a locality that had apparently escaped 
the attention of the numerous avid collectors of these fossils and 
found there several rare fossils, including a complete cockroach, an 
insect wing, a spiderlike arachnid, and an eurypterid. 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, 
revised and expanded his manuscript on a Late Cretaceous mar- 
supial from the Lance formation of Wyoming and continued his 
studies of the mammalian masticatory apparatus. He also spent 
some time in planning the paleontological expedition to the Washa- 
kie Basin of southwestern Wyoming, on which he was accompanied 
by Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils. They were in the 
field for two months, during which they made a representative 
collection from two levels, the Lower and Upper Washakie. Late 
in the fall, Turnbull and Preparator Bruce Erickson investigated 
the remains of well-preserved but somewhat incomplete skeletal 
elements of a mastodon found in a drained peat-bog in northern 
Indiana. Search for the missing elements was without success. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, continued his 
studies of the Devonian armored fishes known as arthrodires. This 
work, though based primarily on our collections from Utah, has 
included a review of all known members of this group, particularly 
the earlier ones. The Utah specimens have been prepared by the 
use of acetic acid, a slow but in this case a very satisfactory method 
of removing the limestone matrix. In June he visited the long- 
abandoned Rockport quarry in the Middle Devonian rocks near 
Alpena, Michigan, where he collected a number of arthrodires. 


That damages by eruptions are soon repaired is shown in two photographs of the 
volcano Izalco in El Salvador, Central America, taken on a Museum expedition. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, made routine 
identifications of miscellaneous collections from the Pennsylvanian 
Cretaceous and Eocene and added a number of new species to the 
illustrated nontechnical manuscript that he has been preparing. 
He discovered these new species in the Pennsylvanian collections 
he has himself made and in those donated by Dr. and Mrs. R. H. 
Whitfield, Associates in the Division of Fossil Plants. Curator 
Langford, accompanied by Chief Preparator Gilpin, spent two weeks 
in the field and made a fine collection of fossil flora from the Meso- 
zoic and Cenozoic of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. 

A long-felt need in routine and research work in mineralogy, 
crystallography, and meteoritics has been met during the year by 
installation of a General Electric XRD-5/F diffraction unit with 
facilities for film, direct-measurement diffractometer, and direct- 
measurement spectographic techniques. The laboratory housing 
the equipment has been named the William J. and Joan A. Chalmers 
Mineralogical Laboratory in memory of s Mr. and Mrs. Chalmers 
and in recognition of their interest in minerals and their generous 
support of the promotion and growth of the mineral collections, 
especially the crystal collections, of the Museum. Albert William 


The white circles represent points from which lava was seen to extrude (these 
photographs of Izalco were taken by Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology). 

Forslev, recently appointed Associate Curator of Mineralogy and 
Petrology, is now engaged in testing the equipment. He is also 
familiarizing himself with our mineral and rock collections pre- 
paratory to his participation in the exhibition work now in progress 
in the new Hall of Meteorites and Minerals (Hall 35) . His research 
at present concerns the stability of minerals to weathering. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, devoted part of 
his time to duties connected with the installation of meteorites in 
Hall 35. In his revisionary work on five papers, three of them 
dealing with volcanoes and volcanism and two with meteorites, 
he was greatly aided by Departmental Artist Maidi Wiebe, who 
translated a series of German articles into English. The new data 
added to the volcano papers were secured while Chief Curator Roy 
was engaged in field work in Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador 
during August, September, and October. The preparation of an 
English translation of Karl Sapper's Los Volcanoes de la America 
Central in collaboration with Dr. Ortrud Dieterichs of Institute 
Tropical at San Salvador has been completed, and Dr. Roy is now 
going over the translation to add new data and recent photographs 
and to delete out-of-date materials. The compilation of a catalogue 


of the Museum's collection of meteorites progressed most satis- 
factorily. Every specimen in the collection was weighed and all 
pertinent data, including important references, were checked and 
rechecked. This tedious but essential task was accomplished with 
creditable thoroughness by Henry Horback, Assistant in Geology. 

While conducting field work in Central America, Chief Curator 
Roy made an important observation of volcanism at Volcan Izalco 
in El Salvador. Last year, on February 28, Izalco had the most 
violent eruption in its history, during which it literally "blew its 
top" and split its northeast flank, pouring forth a vast flow of lava, 
ashes, and cinders. This year, in September, Dr. Roy found the 
volcano appearing as though nothing had happened — it had regained 
its original shape and height by pouring ashes and cinders over the 
damaged area. Dr. Roy believes that Izalco's action typifies that 
of all other volcanoes of its kind — that damages caused by eruptions 
are soon repaired (see illustrations). 

Accessions— Geology 

A large and important collection of Lower Devonian fishes was 
presented by Dr. J. Ernest Carman, Professor Emeritus of Geology 
at Ohio State University. This material, which was collected more 
than thirty years ago in a quarry in northwestern Ohio, includes 
numerous specimens of the ostracoderm Pteraspis, known elsewhere 
in North America only from Nova Scotia, and other primitive 
ostracoderm not yet determined as to genus. Our collection of the 
rare Pennsylvanian fishes from the Mazon Creek area of Illinois 
was augmented by several sharks, coelacanths, and palaeoniscoids 
from the Walker Museum Collection of the University of Chicago 
(accessioned 1947) and by an exceptionally well-preserved specimen 
of Elonichthys donated by Dr. and Mrs. Whitfield, Associates. 

A notable addition to the fossil-mammal collections was a set of 
casts of the famed South African Australopithecin materials. The 
casts were made at the Museum from the original specimens brought 
by Dr. J. T. Robinson, of the Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, to the 
Chicago meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthro- 
pologists. A fine lot of fossil-mammal material (microfauna) from 
west Australia was donated by Dr. Ernest Lundelius, of California 
Institute of Technology, supplemented by a smaller but valuable 
collection (macrofauna) from east Australia donated by Wendell 
B. Swanson, of Chicago. Both of these collections are from the late 
and post Pleistocene epoch. 


Of particular interest among the newly acquired fossil inverte- 
brates is a fine specimen of a winged insect from the Lower Penn- 
sylvanian rocks of Greene County, Indiana, presented by Dr. 
James E. Canright of Indiana University. The insect, a member 
of the extinct order Palaeodictyoptera, is preserved with its four 
wings spread out, covering a span of four and one-half inches. It 
was collected from a geological level beneath the fossil-bearing beds 
of the Coal City area and ranks among the oldest as yet discovered. 
Another significant Coal Age fossil added to the collection this year 
is a small trilobite tail collected in the strip-mines near Coal City by 
Miss Wiebe, Departmental Artist. Although it is preserved in 
a piece of shale rather than in a concretion, as are most of the known 
fossils from that area, it is probably a member of the same fauna 
and is the first trilobite yet found there. 

The most valuable addition to the Gem Collection for the year 
was a beautiful necklace of ninety-five matched Oriental pearls 
of exceptionally fine quality, weighing 260.96 grains, personally 
presented to the Museum by Albert L. Arenberg, of Highland Park, 
Illinois, with the wish that it be recorded as "Gift of Claire and 
Albert Arenberg" (see pages 25 and 103). 

Care of the Collections— Geology 

Our study-specimens are used by our own Museum personnel, 
visiting scientists, and students, and, as a result of much handling, 
there is always unintentional breakage. Our policy is to keep all 
damaged specimens repaired and restored to their original appear- 
ance as far as practicable. Throughout the year the Hall of Meteor- 
ites and Minerals (Hall 35) was closed to the public and exhibits 
were dismantled. Approximately seven thousand specimens of 
minerals and all the meteorites were removed and integrated into 
their respective reserve and study collections. The enormous task 
of rearrangement of the two collections took Harry E. Changnon, 
Curator of Exhibits, Henry U. Taylor, Preparator, and Assistant 
Horback several months to complete. It is gratifying to report that 
this effort has resulted in a complete inventory of the two collections. 
David Techter, Assistant in the Division of Fossil Vertebrates, 
catalogued the remainder of the Harvey Collection of invertebrate 
fossils and integrated and partly catalogued the Paleozoic fish- 
specimens from the University of Chicago. The fossil turtles and 
the carnivores from the Oligocene also received his attention. Late 
in the year portions of the Northwestern University Bebb Collection 


were incorporated into the fossil-mammal collections. Curator 
Langford spent considerable time in attending to fossil plants. He 
trimmed and hardened friable matrix of numerous specimens with 
dextrin solution. He also made excellent progress in arranging the 
collections for convenience and accessibility, which involved making 
a separate record of the cases and drawers and their contents. 

Exhibits— Geology 

On Tuesday evening, March 27, members of the Board of Trustees 
formally presented to the Museum a spectacular exhibit that 
is a new landmark in Stanley Field Hall, outrivaling the African 
elephants — skeletons of two dinosaurs, a monster predator (Gorgo- 
saurus) standing over his prey (Lambeosaurus) . The occasion of 
presentation, appropriately named Dinosaur Night, was attended 
by a large number of Museum Members and friends of the Museum 
and concluded with a lecture on dinosaurs by the internationally 
known authority Dr. Edwin H. Colbert, of the American Museum 
of Natural History. The exhibit, which was under preparation for 
nearly two years, is essentially the work of Chief Preparator Gilpin, 
who was aided by Preparators Stanley Kuczek and Cameron E. 
Gifford and Assistant Curator Turnbull. Advice was given by 
Curator Zangerl, who also prepared a booklet for the occasion 
describing the exhibit. An added attraction, a miniature model of 
the dinosaurs designed to show their original form and possible 
skin-color, was ably sculptured by Miss Wiebe, Departmental 
Artist (see Dinosaur Night at the Museum, page 24). 

Although the dismantling of the Hall of Meteorites and Minerals 
(Hall 35) consumed much time (see page 57), every effort was made 
to continue the exhibition program. During the year six exhibits 
were completed for the new hall, three on meteorites, representing 
(1) the fall of a meteorite, (2) hypothetical origin of meteorites, and 
(3) meteorite showers and forms of meteorites, and three on minerals 
of the quartz family showing crystalline and cryptocrystalline 
quartz, opal, and silicified wood. These are essentially introductory 
exhibits, and preparations for systematic exhibits are under way. 
To aid the Raymond Foundation lecture-program a new exhibit 
providing information about the causes and effects of earthquakes 
was added to the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34). As in past 
years, the exhibition program was carried out in harmonious co- 
operation by Curator Changnon, Assistant Horback, and Preparator 
Taylor. The paintings in the exhibits are the work of Miss Wiebe. 


Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

Field work brought in new material from widely scattered localities, 
and many groups of animals were represented. Dr. Robert F. Inger, 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, who did field work in Borneo 
in 1950, returned there to spend part of the year collecting fish, 
frogs, reptiles, and amphibians and making ecological studies and 
tape-recordings of frog voices. In the Philippines Field Associate 
D. S. Rabor, of Silliman University, Dumaguete, Negros, carried 
out an extremely profitable expedition for birds to Mount Malindang, 
Zamboanga Peninsula, Mindanao, where the birds are as different 
from other birds of Mindanao as if this mountain were another 
island. Only one other collection, in the early part of the century, 
was ever made on this mountain and, in addition to containing the 
endemics discovered then, this new collection contains five new 
subspecies. Field Associate Harry Hoogstraal continued to work 
in Africa and sent us mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians 
from Egypt, Kenya, and Tanganyika. In 1912 the late Dr. Wilfred 
H. Osgood, formerly Chief Curator of Zoology, began a survey of 
Peruvian mammals, and in recent years Celestino Kalinowski, of 
Cuzco, has been completing the necessary field work, which this 
year took him into the northeastern corner of the country. 

A revision of the phyllotine rodents, one of the most common 
and most taxonomically confused groups of South American mice, 
was completed by Philip Hershkovitz, Curator of Mammals. The 
evolution of the New World cricetine rodents was traced and, by 
utilizing ideas of annual crop variation and habitat-niche variation 
affecting the physical form of the animals, order was brought out 
of the mass of names and ideas about this important group. 
At the end of the year he was awarded a grant by the National 
Science Foundation for completion of his checklist of the recent 
land-mammals of South America. Associate Luis de la Torre's 
studies of neotropical bats resulted in three short papers. 

A faunal report on a collection of birds from western Panama 
was completed by Emmet R. Blake, Curator of Birds, who then 
began work on a study of the American members of the crow family 
to be published by Harvard University as a section of Peters' 
Check-list of Birds of the World. Assistant Curator Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr., completed for printing a study of a collection of birds 
from northeastern Peru and has since been occupied with the 


Koelz Collection of birds from southern Asia. Systematic studies 
by Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, of Philippine and 
African birds resulted in descriptions of seven new races from the 
Philippines and, surprisingly, two more new species found in the 
collections made in 1954 by the Conover Angola Expedition. 
His studies of the shrike family for Peters' Check-list is nearing 
completion, and a short paper on the status of the migrant shrike 
of southern Florida was submitted for publication. The monu- 
mental Days with Birds by V. G. L. van Someren was edited by 
Chief Curator Rand and published by the Museum, and a popular 
book by him, American Water and Game Birds, was published by 
E. P. Dutton and Company. Mrs. Ellen T. Smith, Associate, 
assisted in work on various collections of Philippine birds. 

In the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, Curator Inger, in 
collaboration with Dr. Bernard Greenberg, of Roosevelt University, 
completed a study of the reproductive cycle of certain African 
frogs. Assistant Hymen Marx prepared a paper on Egyptian snakes 
of the genus Psammophis and a key to the reptiles of Egypt. The 
Curator Emeritus of Zoology, Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, completed 
a study of Philippine and New Guinea crocodilians, of Trinidad 
coral snakes, and of Peruvian lizards of the genus Dicrodon and, 
in collaboration with Stanley Rand, a manuscript on snakes of 
the genus Ninia. He also visited museums in London, Paris, and 
Brussels to examine type-specimens in connection with the report 
on Congo amphibians to which he and Inger have contributed. 

Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, spent two months examining 
collections of various museums in California in order to complete 
a revisionary work on the pomacentrid fish of American waters of 
the Atlantic and Pacific. Study of the marine fishes of the Gulf 
of Mexico and the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Central America 
were continued throughout the year. Curator Woods and Curator 
Inger completed their project on the cave, spring, and swamp fishes 
of the Family Amblyopsidae of central and eastern United States. 
Miss Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, identified small collections of in- 
coming specimens. Mrs. Marion Grey, Associate, completed a 
manuscript based on her studies of deep-sea fishes collected by the 
research vessel M/V Oregon and began study of the genus Anoplo- 
gaster of the Dana Collection and a survey of deep-sea fauna found 
below a depth of 900 meters. Dr. Edward M. Nelson, Associate, 
made anatomical studies of the piranha fishes of tropical America. 
Several local field trips were taken to further a handbook of fishes of 
the Chicago region. Russell ^Carlson, summer assistant, prepared 
keys and illustrations for the handbook. 


These seventeen-year cicadas, mounted on pins with the shed skin on the same pin 
below them, are being prepared for the Museum's insect collection (see page 86). 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, resumed work on a mono- 
graph of the genus Margarinotus, a group of about a hundred species 
of histerid beetles that occurs in Europe, Asia, and North America. 
Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas continued his studies of the 
taxonomy of the minute fungus-spore beetles of the family Ptiliidae 
and prepared a short paper describing a new genus of these beetles 
from Oregon. In co-operation with D. D wight Davis, Curator of 
Vertebrate Anatomy, he carried out field studies on the periodical 
cicada, whose local emergence attracted so much public attention 
in June and July of this year. Dybas made a one-week trip to the 
Laurentian Mountains with a group of entomologists from the 
Tenth International Congress of Entomology that was held in 
Montreal in August. He collected Berlese samples of the Canadian 
Life Zone and brought them back to the Museum for processing. 
Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate, continued her study of spiders. 
Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, went to Bimini 
in the Bahamas for three weeks to continue his studies of the fauna 
of coral reefs and coral islands. His research in the Museum was 
on mollusks of Dutch Guiana and the Lesser Antilles. 


In his studies of the evolution of the carnivores Curator Davis, 
of the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy, concentrated on the struc- 
ture and mechanics of the jaw. The Borneo animals collected by 
Curator Inger (see page 59) made revisions possible in the report of 
Curator Davis on the mammals of North Borneo. The program 
of research on placentation and fetal membranes of primitive mam- 
mals being conducted by Dr. Waldemar Meister, Associate, and 
Davis was continued, and material from a second species of tree- 
shrew has been sectioned and is being studied. Dr. R. M. Strong, 
Research Associate, continued his studies of the anatomy of birds. 

Dr. Charles A. Reed, of the University of Illinois, began a pro- 
gram of research on the origin of domestic mammals. His work 
is based on extensive materials collected in Iraq by the Iraq-Jarmo 
Archaeological Expedition (1954-55) of the Oriental Institute and 
the University of Chicago (see Annual Report 1955, page 63). 

Accessions— Zoology 

The largest single accession this year in the Division of Mammals 
was a lot of nearly 800 specimens representing about 70 species from 
Kenya and Tanganyika contributed by Field Associate Hoogstraal. 
Collecting done by him and other entomologists has effected a quiet 
revolution in the objectives of securing specimens of mammals in 
the field. Until recently, most mammal collectors preserved only 
parts or the entire body of the animal and ignored its parasites. 
Understandably, mammalian parasitologists could not remain 
passive in the face of a situation that deprived them of their only 
source of material and information and so they themselves entered 
wholeheartedly into the arduous game of collecting mammals and 
studying their habits and habitats, all for the purpose of increasing 
knowledge of parasites. Hoogstraal, a well-known parasitologist 
and entomologist, is not only a leader in the field of mammal-host 
collectors, but his mammal collections are of outstanding excellence. 
All his host specimens are contributed to the Museum so that our 
specialists may determine the names of the animals harboring the 
parasites that interest him. As a result, the Museum has received 
more mammals from expeditions conducted by Hoogstraal than from 
any other single source. The specimens, which number well over 
11,000, are from such diverse lands as the Philippines, New Guinea, 
Turkey, Yemen, Madagascar, the Sudan, Egypt, and Africa. 
The most notable accession of birds for the year was the Koelz 
Collection of 20,591 birds of Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Nepal 


Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Assistant Curator of Birds, unpacks the Koelz Collection 
of 20,591 birds of Asia, the arrival of which was an outstanding event of the year. 

(purchase). Representing work of more than twenty years by 
Walter N. Koelz, of Waterloo, Michigan, these collections fill many 
of the major gaps in the Museum's collections from southern Asia 
and permit the staff of the Division of Birds to work out many 
taxonomic problems that could not be approached before because 
adequate material was lacking. Other accessions were 590 birds of 
western Colombia (purchase) collected by M. A. Carriker, Jr., and 
9 birds of Formosa collected and presented by an enthusiastic young 
scientist, Master Fraser Walsh, aged nine. The exchange program 
of the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles with other institutions 
resulted in much important material, including that from the 


British Museum (Natural History) in London, the Institut Royal 
des Sciences Naturelles in Brussels, and the Museum National 
d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Field Associate Hoogstraal gave a 
collection of 400 reptiles and amphibians from the Near East. 

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service in Pascagoula, 
Mississippi, continued to send interesting and valuable collections 
of fishes. Seven paratypes of Gambusia heterochir were given by 
the University of Texas through kindness of Dr. Clark Hubbs. The 
more important gifts of insects are a general collection of beetles, 
containing 12,285 specimens, from Dr. Orlando Park, of Evanston, 
Illinois; types of 8 new species of cave carabid-beetles from Dr. 
Carl Krekeler, of Valparaiso, Indiana; 466 beetles of western United 
States and Mexico from Dr. Richard B. Selander, of Urbana, 
Illinois; 503 insects of Tennessee from Bernard Benesh, of Burrville, 
Tennessee; and 1,036 insects and a reprint library of 2,300 papers 
on the true bugs from William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus of 
Insects. Among notable accessions of lower invertebrates are a 
collection of more than 500 lots of Canadian inland mollusks given 
by the Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan through 
kindness of Dr. Henry van der Schalie; a large collection of about 
8,000 lots of world-wide shells gathered by the late Edwin E. Hand 
of Chicago and presented by his daughter Miss La Verne Hand, 
now of Grants Pass, Oregon; and a specimen of the gigantic deep- 
sea sowbug so rarely seen in museum collections, which was received 
in exchange from the United States National Museum. 

Care of the Collections— Zoology 

Availability is one of the keynotes in our filing of specimens. In 
the systematic arrangement that we use, the ideal is to be able to 
put our hands on any specimen with as little trouble as possible. 
But as the collections grow, certain sections become crowded and, 
because of size of specimens or because of their numbers, some are 
housed temporarily out of place. Continual adjustments are made. 
With volunteer help of George Brien, Tom Mclntyre, and Wayne 
Shadburne the marsupials were moved and consolidated to make 
more space available for African primates. Tanner Dominick Villa, 
in addition to routine preparation of skins, renovated a number of 
old stored-specimens, including some rare insectivores, and made 
them available for use. The major redistribution of the bird col- 
lection, begun last year, was continued with the help of two summer 
assistants, Albert Gilbert and Ralph Eiseman, and the Conover 


Game-bird Collection is now completely rearranged. Every bottle 
of reptile and amphibian specimens was examined during the year 
by Assistant Marx to make sure that the liquid preservative was 
adequate, and similar work was done for the fish collection by 
Assistant Pearl Sonoda. Dr. G. Alan Solem, Assistant in the Division 
of Lower Invertebrates, rechecked about 1,300 lots of landshells 
of the Ferriss Collection. 

Curator Emeritus Gerhard completed the work of transferring 
his Hemiptera-Homoptera collection into cabinets and began the 
transfer and organization of the Hymenoptera collections (ants, 
bees, wasps). Assistant August Ziemer completed pinning the 
insects collected by the Philippine Zoological Expedition (1946-47), 
but more than half of the specimens still must be labeled before 
the insects will be available for study. A little less than half of 
Ziemer's time was devoted to work on the collection of larger North 
American moths. Research Associate Alex K. Wyatt spent six 
weeks in collating and transferring Microlepidoptera into unit 
trays, and Research Associate Charles H. Seevers transferred into 
unit trays several thousand species of staphylinid beetles, including 
about 2,000 species acquired in exchange with the British Museum 
(Natural History) during last year. Harry Nelson, Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Biology at Roosevelt University, was employed in the 
Division of Insects during the summer months to begin the transfer 
into trays of the recently acquired Knirsch-Brancsik collection of 
beetles (see Annual Report 1955, page 64). 

Miss Phyllis Wade, Assistant in the Division of Vertebrate 
Anatomy, carried on routine care of the collection and made illus- 
trations for Curator Davis. Miss Sophie Andris, Osteologist, pre- 
pared for study 1,380 skulls for the Division of Mammals and 150 
skeletons for the Division of Vertebrate Anatomy. Miss Laura 
Brodie, Assistant in the Department of Zoology, continued in charge 
of zoology photograph-files, which included care and filing of material 
and filling requests for animal pictures. 

Great assistance in routine tasks was given during the year by 
our Antioch College students. With the help of Miss Janet Curl, 
Miss Joan Davis, and Miss Anne Terborgh many thousands of in- 
sect specimens were labeled, more than ten thousand unit-trays were 
lined with cork and prepared for use, several thousand tray-labels 
were typed, loan records and files were kept up to date, and recently 
acquired books were shelved. In labeling specimens of lower 
invertebrates and writing their catalogue numbers on them Miss 
Anita Pope, Miss Carolyn Reusch, and Miss Terborgh helped, and 
Miss Reusch also aided in checking the fish collections. 


Exhibits— Zoology 

"Synopsis of the Animal Kingdom," an exhibit designed by Chief 
Curator Rand to show the variety in the major classification of 
animals, has taken much of Artist Joseph B. Krstolich's time. 
Most of the divisions are represented, but the preponderance of 
invertebrates has necessitated the special attention of Curator Haas 
and Assistant Solem, while Staff Artist E. John Pfiffner and Miss 
Marion Pahl, Staff Illustrator, have co-operated. The arctic 
ptarmigan's moult from brown to white is dramatized in an exhibit 
where transparent mirrors and alternating lights make a brown 
bird in a green landscape seem to change into a white bird in the 
snow while you watch in Hall 20 (Habitat Groups of Birds) . Another 
exhibit was added to the synoptic series of birds of the world in 
Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21). Both exhibits were prepared 
by Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton, who has begun a new exhibit on 
color in birds. An exhibit to illustrate form and function in birds, 
utilizing carved feet of different types of birds placed against 
appropriate stylized backgrounds, was prepared by Artist Krstolich 
for Hall 21. An exhibit of crocodiles and their relatives prepared 
by Taxidermist Ronald J. Lambert was installed in Albert W. 
Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects). The 
local emergence of the seventeen-year cicadas (see page 61) was 
commemorated by an exhibit showing life-history, habits, and 
relatives. The exhibit, which was installed temporarily (see page 35) 
in George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13) and then placed in Hall 18, 
was prepared by Krstolich, Lambert, and Assistant Laura Brodie. 


I llf E IK *ATIff 

J \ 





The function of the Museum's Library is intimately related to the 
needs and plans of the four scientific departments of the Museum, 
which are dedicated to ever-further advancement through research 
in their respective fields. Thus the Library has continued to add 
current materials to its collections, and acquisition of scientific 
journals continues to be a matter of supreme importance. The total 
number of items received for the year by the Library is 15,315 
(see a selected list of books and serials on page 108). 

The amount and character of work in our Library undergo 
constant change that necessitates reorganization of plans and pro- 
grams. Monthly staff meetings have been held for discussion of new 
problems, and this exchange of ideas and methods has resulted in 
better understanding of each individual's special duties so that the 
flow of work from one section of the Library to another has con- 
tinued without interruption despite handicaps of illness and changes 
in members of the staff. 

The reactivation of the Division of Oceanic Archaeology and 
Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology necessitated a new 
survey of the book collection so that this division's holdings could be 
brought up to date. Acting on recommendations made by the 
recently appointed curator, Roland W. Force, an expert in this area 
of research, the Library succeeded in supplementing its holdings in 
this specific field, giving particular attention to filling gaps in serial 
holdings and to new journals. The need for additional maps in this 
division as well as in all other scientific divisions of the Museum is 
great. Many of the maps now in the Library are not easily avail- 
able because the map collection has rapidly outgrown the present 
equipment for its proper filing and housing, and plans are in prog- 
ress for adding more map cases. 

The maintainance of the card catalogue, which serves as an 
author, title, and subject-index of a library's holdings, is an in- 
tensive and never-ending task even in those libraries that have 
passed the peak of their expansion. In addition to filing new cards, 
constant revision of the contents of the card catalogue is necessary 
in order to record changes in names of organizations, cessation or 
recommencement of publication of journals, death of authors 
(which requires addition of final date on all cards covering their 
works), and countless other minor amendments. A library such as 
that of Chicago Natural History Museum, which continues to show 
an increase in acquisitions year after year, must also make provision 
for accurate representation in the catalogue of all new material, both 


individual publications and serial publications. But the problem 
of cataloguing and classifying the great number of incoming books 
and periodicals without delay remains crucial because the Museum 
Library is hampered by the shortage of experienced cataloguers that 
is now common to most libraries. 

Where Library of Congress printed cards are available for par- 
ticular volumes, cataloguing is greatly facilitated. Currently about 
one quarter of the Library's new acquisitions are not covered by 
printed cards and consequently time-consuming but important 
classificatory and bibliographical research must be done by the 
Museum cataloguer. In continuing the special phase of the re- 
classification program that the cataloguing division began last year, 
1,218 additional volumes of serial publications, representing ap- 
proximately 100 journals that are in constant use, were reclassified 
under the Library of Congress system, and 1,597 additional author- 
cards and a proportionate number of subject-cards were prepared 
indexing important articles in these journals. With the able assist- 
ance of William Peyton Fawcett, Antioch College student who is 
preparing for a career in library science, temporary title-cards were 
prepared for 114 titles transferred from the John Crerar Library 
in order that these items might appear in the Library's catalogue 
and thus receive the widest possible use. Fawcett made a beginning 
in a project to catalogue the maps in the Library's possession and 
also produced complete sets of cards for the catalogue covering the 
25 phonograph-record items held by the Library. Altogether 1,456 
volumes were reclassified. The total number of volumes classified, 
including the volumes classified in the East Asian Collection, com- 
prised 4,354 volumes, represented by 9,890 cards filed into the 
card catalogue. 

It is gratifying to report that in addition to continuing his work 
of cataloguing the Berthold Laufer Collection of Chinese and 
Japanese materials, which forms an important part of the East 
Asian Collection, Dr. Hoshien Tchen, Technical Adviser for the 
Oriental Collection, also catalogued a number of newly acquired 
Asiatic-language materials. A total of approximately 460 titles, 
consisting of more than 2,300 volumes, was catalogued this year, 
a large portion of which related to Chinese Buddhism, and, in 
consequence, much research was necessary to translate abstruse 
Buddhist technical terms into English. In addition to cataloguing, 
which required preliminary work such as assembling, numbering, 
cleaning, and repairing, Dr. Tchen wrote the descriptive information 
in Chinese and Japanese characters on the final catalogue cards, 
which were prepared by Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt, Associate Li- 


brarian. In processing the Laufer materials Dr. Tchen discovered 
that the collection included a number of important Chinese Bud- 
dhist works, most of them Ch'ing-period block-print editions printed 
by Buddhist publishers in the famous publishing centers of Hangchou 
in Chekiang Province and Nanking, Ch'angshou, and Yangchou in 
Kiangsu Province. 

Most noteworthy among accessions in the East Asian Collection 
are: (1) the Po-na pen eyh-shih-ssu shih, the Po-na edition of the 
24 Standard Histories of China— photolithographic reproductions of 
outstanding early editions; (2) the Hsien-tai kuo-min chi-pen chih- 
shih, a set of more than 200 volumes covering a variety of subjects 
relevant to Chinese history and culture, presented to the Library as 
exchange material by the Ministry of Education, Republic of China; 
(3) several important basic Japanese reference works; and (4) 
relevant anthropological journals from Taiwan, the mainland of 
China, Japan, Hongkong, Indochina, the Philippines, Europe, and 
the United States (see page 109 for list of representative accessions 
in the East Asian Collection). 

The control of acquisitions in serial form is an important function 
of a well-organized library. Here in the Museum Library the 
centralized recording and routing of serial publications to the de- 
partmental and divisional libraries is done with strict attention to 
detail, especially since most of the periodicals received are printed 
in foreign languages. Much of our Library's growth and the richness 
of its collection is the result of the extension and continuity of its 
exchange relations with scientific and other learned societies and 
institutions throughout the world. 

Renovation and preservation of the contents of the four de- 
partmental libraries and the preparation for binding of selected 
incoming material resulted in another year of full activity in this 
division of the Library. Many books and periodicals required 
cleaning and rehabilitation before rebinding, and the great number 
cleaned and repaired in the Library effected considerable saving in 
commercial-bindery expenses. Continued efforts over the past 
several years have resulted in substantial economies and improve- 
ments in the Library's binding program (a total of 2,049 volumes 
were repaired or bound). This division of the Library is also re- 
sponsible for labeling all volumes processed— the term "labeling" 
does not adequately describe the work (2,740 volumes were labeled). 
The mechanical steps in the preparation of books for the shelves 
involve perforation, book-plating, labeling, and marking with call 
numbers and ownership marks. 


The general reading-room housing the main card-catalogue and 
the Kardex Serials Record is the center for information. Full use 
of its reference resources is made by Museum members, teachers, 
students, research workers, and those who seek information by- 
means of the telephone. Considerable time is devoted by the 
Library staff to the important service of meeting specific requests. 
Because the Museum Library is not centralized but is divided into 
departmental and divisional libraries its use in terms of volumes 
borrowed is difficult to show (the recorded number of volumes lent 
is 2,191). The books used by readers and by those who borrow on 
interlibrary loan represent only a fraction of the continuous use of 
the Library's resources. The courtesies extended to us by libraries 
participating in the interlibrary-loan service are gratefully acknowl- 
edged. Throughout the year requests for photostats and photo- 
graphic reproduction as well as microfilms have increased. 

The project of completely cleaning, rearranging, and reshelving 
the books in the geology library was completed. The ease with 
which books are now found and the improved appearance of this 
departmental library justify the effort. 

It is with deep gratitude and pleasure that we acknowledge the 
outstanding co-operation accorded to the Museum Library by the 
John Crerar Library, and we again express our thanks for the many 
courtesies to our Library and to members of the Museum staff. We 
are especially appreciative of the continued interest of Herman H. 
Henkle, Librarian, who made possible the transfer from the Crerar 
Library of additionally selected periodicals on the natural sciences, 
together with 149 volumes on malacology and 552 volumes on 
entomology. As in previous years the Library has benefited from 
the generosity of donors who contributed books and periodicals on 
a variety of subjects in the natural sciences. Our gratitude is here 
expressed to these friends of the Museum (see page 107). 

The Library acknowledges the competent assistance given to it 
by the four students from Antioch College assigned to work on 
a part-time basis during the year. The bibliographies compiled by 
Miss Lucretia Kight and Miss Barbara Meredith enabled the 
Library to dispose of a number of volumes not relevant to the 
collection, including some duplicate material (disposal of these 
volumes was made through exchange and sale, and material sold 
netted the sum of $1,116.50, all of which is reserved for Library 
purchases). Phillip Mershon assisted ably in the reading-room 
where he performed varied duties, and William Peyton Fawcett, 
whose knowledge of library procedure was of inestimable value, 
was especially helpful in the cataloguing division (see page 68). 



A large part of the publicity given to the Museum in 1956 came 
from two great fellows who lived some 75 million years ago — the 
giant dinosaurs Gorgosaurus and Lambeosaurus that were installed 
in Stanley Field Hall (see page 24). Their debut as a star attraction 
of the Museum was repeatedly signalized in newspapers and maga- 
zines and on television and radio through the final weeks of prepara- 
tion until the unveiling of the exhibit to the public, and even after. 
They also became the subjects of verse and quips by various colum- 
nists, including one well-known radio commentator who whimsically 
corrupted their scientific names into "Gorgeous Georges" and 
"Lambie Pie," which was quite apt because the former was the 
aggressive carnivore. Widespread international publicity was 
given to the dinosaurs through publication of a story and pictures 
in the magazine of UNESCO. 

One of the most comprehensive as well as most charmingly 
written surveys of the Museum's exhibits, activities, and many 
services to the public appeared in a series of six well-illustrated 
articles published in the Chicago Tribune in April. The series is 
the work of Chesly Manly, one of the newspaper's most noted staff 
writers, who spent many days at the Museum collecting his data, 
assisted by the scientific departments and the Division of Public 
Relations. Mr. Manly's articles are so fine that the Museum plans 
to reprint them in pamphlet form. The cover of the Museum's 
Bulletin for April, "Fossil Man's Hall of Fame," showing Artist 
Gustaf Dalstrom's conception of four types of prehistoric men as 
they would appear if dressed in modern top-hats and opera capes, 
attracted attention by its reproduction in the daily press and in 
important magazines like the Scientific American. Unusually ex- 
tensive space, including a full page of rotogravure in the Chicago 
Daily News, was accorded in October to stories and pictures of 
Cameroons King's House, a new exhibit. Publicity oddity of the 
year was Welwitschia, a large and rare plant of strange form dis- 
played in a habitat group showing its Mossamedes Desert (Africa) 
environment. Although our exhibit had attracted considerable 
attention when it was installed in 1946, interest in it was suddenly 
revived in 1956 by publication of an article and pictures of it in 
Natural History, magazine of New York's American Museum of 
Natural History, and for several months the Museum was flooded 
with urgent requests for pictures and story from magazines in 
Great Britain, France, Germany, the United States, and Canada. 
These are but a few instances readily recalled from the stream 


of several hundred newspaper releases, press conferences, photog- 
raphy sessions, and radio and television contacts by which the 
Museum's name, activities, and purposes are kept before the public. 
The aim of this never-ceasing work is not so much to stimulate 
immediate public response to an exhibit or activity described in 
a release but rather to keep in the public mind an awareness of the 
Museum and what it is doing — to make the community feel that 
the Museum is a dynamic force in science and education. The 
Museum's monthly Bulletin for Members proved fruitful as a 
source of general publicity, for many of its articles and pictures led 
to publicity in other media. 

For their recognition of the Museum's civic values and for their 
co-operation, acknowledgment is made to Chicago's metropolitan 
dailies — the American, Daily News, Sun-Times, and Tribune — and 
to hundreds of neighborhood newspapers, suburban newspapers, 
foreign-language newspapers, and local magazines of the Chicago 
area. For carrying the more important news of the Museum to all 
parts of America and around the world, the Museum is indebted 
to such press services as Associated Press, United Press, Inter- 


An annual event in February 
at the Museum is the Chicago 
International Exhibition of 
Nature Photography, which 
is sponsored by the Nature 
Camera Club of Chicago. 
This photograph of the 
Eleventh Exhibition is by 
Louis W. Braun, Chicago. 


national News Service, and Science Service. The City News Bureau 
of Chicago generously offered its service as a link with both the 
local press and national services in speeding transmission of news. 
For air-time and liberal co-operation our gratitude is given to all 
Chicago television and radio stations and the networks with which 
the major ones are affiliated: nineteen independent radio stations 
serving limited areas in and about Chicago as well as the large 
television and radio outlets that have ties with Columbia Broad- 
casting System, National Broadcasting Company, American Broad- 
casting Company-Paramount Theatres, Inc., Mutual Broadcasting 
System, and Dumont Television Network. 

Four transportation systems — the Chicago Transit Authority, 
Illinois Central System, Chicago and North Western Railway, and 
Chicago, Aurora and Elgin Railroad — continued their courtesy, as 
for many years past, in displaying on station platforms and in 
passenger coaches placards advertising the Museum's lectures for 
adults and the children's programs provided, respectively, by the 
Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation and the James Nelson and 
Anna Louise Raymond Foundation in the spring and the fall. 

This portrait of a typical 
young woman of Korea was 
presented to the Museum by 
Korean-American Friendship 
Association of Chicago to be 
placed among the illuminated 
transparencies of racial types 
of the world in Chauncey 
Keep Memorial Hall (3). 



The Museum continued in co-operative relation with the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology of the University of Chicago and the New- 
berry Library (Ayer Collection) in the Philippine Studies Program, 
which enjoys the support of the Carnegie Foundation (see Annual 
Report 1954, page 81). During 1956 the Rockefeller Foundation 
granted scholarships for community studies in the Philippines to 
three students in the Program, and the Ford Foundation awarded 
similar grants to two others. In connection with the Museum's 
participation in the Micronesian-insect Survey (see Annual Report 
1955, page 81) about thirty shipments totaling 5,868 specimens of 
Micronesian insects were sent to co-operating specialists for study. 
Of a total of more than 80,000 Micronesian insects processed in the 
Museum's Division of Insects since 1948, only about 6,000 must 
still be distributed to specialists. These remaining specimens belong 
to groups for which specialists have not yet been assigned. Some of 
the many other research projects in which the Museum has been 
co-operating with museums and universities throughout the world 
are mentioned in the reports of our scientific departments. 

A course in museology was given in the Department of Anthro- 
pology in co-operation with the Department of Anthropology of the 
University of Chicago. The graduate course in vertebrate paleon- 
tology of the University of Chicago was held as usual in the Museum 
by Dr. Everett C. Olson, Professor of Vertebrate Paleontology at 
the university and Research Associate on the Museum's staff. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, conducted a seminar at the University of Chicago. 
Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, 
addressed a seminar on field methodology at Northwestern Uni- 
versity and at the University of Chicago. Dr. Theodor Just, Chief 
Curator of Botany, conducted a graduate seminar in systematics, 
ecology, and biogeography at Northwestern University and lectured 
before the departments of botany and zoology at Iowa State College, 
where, at a general lecture, he showed the Museum's film "Through 
These Doors." Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanero- 
gamic Herbarium, lectured on his Venezuelan expeditions at the 
Henry Shaw School of Botany of Washington University (St. Louis) 
and, as principal speaker, at the two-day Science Fair at Kansas 
State Teachers College. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, addressed a class 
in geology at the University of Chicago on paleontological pro- 
cedures as shown by the Museum's Mecca project (see page 52) and 


lectured at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard Uni- 
versity, as did Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, 
who also lectured at the University of Utah and at Missouri Botani- 
cal Garden. Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects addressed 
a class in ecology at the University of Chicago, and D. D wight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, lectured at the University of 
Illinois College of Medicine and at North Central College. Miss 
Harriet Smith, of Raymond Foundation, on a three-month lecture 
tour, told the story of the Museum to high-school and preparatory- 
school groups throughout New York state, illustrating her talks 
with the Museum's film "Through These Doors." 

The occasion in June of the first meeting in Chicago of the 
International Union of the Directors of Zoological Gardens made 
it possible to entertain this distinguished group at the Museum, 
where various members of the Museum staff served as guide-lec- 
turers. Curator Emeritus Karl P. Schmidt spoke at the dinner held 
for this organization at Brookfield Zoo. 

A number of graduate students carried on studies at the Museum 
under the supervision of various members of our scientific staff, 
and individual students seeking information came to the Museum in 
increasing numbers from distant as well as nearby colleges and 
universities. Classes came to the Museum from the University 
of Chicago, Chicago Teachers College, De Paul University, Eastern 
Illinois State College, George Williams College, University of 
Illinois, Illinois Institute of Technology, Loyola University, Morton 
Junior College, North Park College, Northwestern University, 
Roosevelt University, Valparaiso University, and Wheaton College. 
Supervised classes from the art schools of Chicago use the Museum 
as a classroom for sketching, modeling, and creative work (each 
summer the Museum presents in Stanley Field Hall a special showing 
of work by students of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago). 

Because of its many activities for students of all ages, the Mu- 
seum was selected as the location for the Chicago Area Science Fair, 
which for the first time displayed exhibits from the entire area 
in one place (last year the west-area exhibit was held in the Museum) . 
John R. Millar, Deputy Director of the Museum, and Miss Miriam 
Wood, Chief, Miss Dolla Cox, and Miss Marie Svoboda, of Raymond 
Foundation, represented the Museum at the conferences held by the 
Chicago Teachers Science Association for the Science Fair. 

Under the co-operative educational plan adopted in 1946 by this 
Museum and Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, nineteen young 
men and women were employed in 1956 by the Museum in its 
scientific departments and Library. 


Among visitors in the Department of Anthropology during the 
year were Dr. Ichiro Awonuma, Meiji University, Tokyo; Dr. Junius 
B. Bird, American Museum of Natural History; Dr. Stephen F. 
Borhegyi, University of Oklahoma; Dr. Alfred Biihler, Basel, 
Switzerland; Dr. Schuyler V. R. Cammann, University Museum, 
Philadelphia; Harold J. Coolidge, Pacific Science Board, National 
Research Council; William B. Fagg, British Museum; Joaquin 
Figueira, Montevideo, Uruguay; Dr. George M. Foster, Jr., Uni- 
versity of California; Dr. Christoph von Fiirer-Haimendorf, Uni- 
versity of London; V. L. Grottanelli, Museo Nazionale Preistorico, 
Rome; Dr. B. S. Guha, Bihar Tribal Research Institute, Ranchi, 
India; Dr. Josef Haekel, Dr. Robert Heine-Geldern, Dr. Anna 
Hohenwart-Gerlachstein, and Dr. Wilhelm Koppers (Director), 
Institute of Ethnology, University of Vienna; Miss Ma Nyunt Han, 
National Museum and National Art Gallery, Rangoon; Dr. Martin 
Heydrich, Cologne; Miss Sheila W. Hicks, Yale University; Miss 
Maxine Kleindienst, University of Chicago; Dr. Li Lin-ts'an, 
National Museum, Taichung, Taiwan; Dr. Ma T'ing-ying, National 
University of Taiwan, Taipei; Dr. Dorothy Menzel, University of 
California; Dr. Kenneth P. Oakley and Dr. d'A. Waechter, British 
Museum (Natural History); Dr. Masao Oka, Tokyo Metropolitan 
University; Dr. D. A. Ol'derogge, Head of African Section, Institute 
of Ethnography, Academy of Sciences of U.S.S.R., Leningrad; 
Dr. Cornelius Osgood, Yale University; Dr. Iker Larrauri Prado, 
National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico; Dr. Henry S. Robinson, 
University of Oklahoma; Dr. J. T. Robinson, Transvaal Museum, 
Pretoria; Dr. John H. Rowe, University of California; Dr. Carl 
Schuster, Woodstock, New York; Miss Ruth Simpson, Southwest 
Museum, Los Angeles; Dr. Ronald Singer, University of Cape 
Town; Dr. Cyril S. Smith, University of Chicago; Dr. Hisashi 
Suzuki, Tokyo University; Dr. P. V. Tobias, University of Wit- 

Before beginning Postage-Stamp Safari (Museum Journey No. 6), these children, 
with their travel questionnaires in hand, ask the Director of the Museum about 
some of the stamps he lent from his private collection for the Safari exhibit. On 
this Museum Journey the children were asked to identify, in the Museum, animals 
printed on postage stamps from all parts of the world. Each child who completes 
four Museum Journeys receives a signed certificate designating him as a Museum 
Traveler. Eight Journeys qualify him as a Museum Adventurer. The Journeys, a 
special activity for children in the Museum, were originated by Raymond Foundation. 



watersrand, Johannesburg; Dr. S. Henry Wassen, Goteborg, 
Sweden; Dr. J. M. Wright, University of Illinois Medical School; 
Dr. Keizo Yasumatsu, Kyushu University, Japan; and Miss You 
Wan-shan, Hongkong. 

Visiting botanists included Dr. Marion Woods, Baxter Labora- 
tories; Floyd A. Swink and Dr. Albert S. Rouffa, University of 
Illinois (College of Pharmacy); Dr. Sidney F. Glassman, Uni- 
versity of Illinois; B. W. Taylor, Food and Agriculture Organization, 
Australia; Dr. Edward Davis, University of Massachusetts; Dr. 
Richard Edgren, Searle and Company, Skokie; Dr. Robert Vickery, 
University of Utah; Emil Kruschke, Milwaukee Public Museum; 
Dr. Erica Rawitscher and Dr. John McCormick, American Museum 
of Natural History; Edwin Koppe, Pennsylvania State College; 
Dr. Charles M. Rick and Dr. Arthur W. Haupt, University of 
California; William N. Watkins, United States National Museum; 
Rev. Philip S. Moore and Dr. J. Bramble, University of Notre 
Dame; Dr. P. Maheswari, University of Delhi; James Reese, Ander- 
son College; Dr. Kenneth Damann, Eastern Illinois State College; 
Dr. Gregorio T. Velasquez, University of the Philippines; Mrs. Fay 
K. Daily, Butler University; and Edwin T. White, University of 
Illinois Research and Educational Hospital. 

Dr. A. S. Brink, of the Bernhard Price Institute for Paleonto- 
logical Research, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and 
Dr. Edwin H. Colbert, of the American Museum of Natural History, 
used the Museum's fossil-reptile collections for study. Other 
visitors in the Department of Geology were Dr. Bertram L. Hanna, 
Medical College of Virginia; Dr. Claude W. Hibbard, University of 
Michigan; Dr. Nicholas Hotton III, University of Kansas; Dr. 
Richard Konizeski, Montana State University; Dr. Adolph Seil- 
acher, University of Tubingen, Germany; Dr. Elwin Simons, Prince- 
ton University; Dr. Paul McGrew, University of Wyoming; Miss 
Marie Hopkins, Idaho State College; Dr. Margaret Jean Hough, 
United States Geological Survey; and Dr. Charles A. Reed, Uni- 
versity of Chicago School of Pharmacy. 

Visiting zoologists included Dr. Edouard Bone" and Dr. Georges 
Vandebrock, Louvain University, Belgium; Dr. Jorge Crespo, 
Buenos Aires; Dr. George Kelemen, Harvard Medical School; 
Dr. Fred Stenn, Northwestern University School of Medicine; 
Walton Lee, Great Lakes; Dr. Ralph Johnson and Dr. S. L. Wash- 
burn, University of Chicago; Dr. Dorothy Franzen, Wesleyan 
College; Dr. N. Virkki, University of Helsinki; Dr. C. 0. Bechtol, 
Yale University School of Medicine; Dr. J. R. Close, Oakland; 


Dr. J. W. Cooper, Honolulu; Dr. P. V. Tobiasz, University of 
Witwatersrand, Johannesburg; Dr. J. T. Robinson, Transvaal Mu- 
seum; Dr. V. Carbonell, University of Chicago; Dr. H. Kurrek, 
Jackson Park Hospital, Chicago; Dr. G. E. Erickson, Harvard 
University; Dr. Charles Handley and Dr. Herbert Friedmann, 
United States National Museum; Dr. Stuart Landry, University of 
Missouri; Dr. Joseph C. Moore, American Museum of Natural 
History; Dr. Oliver P. Pearson and C. R. Ash, University of Cali- 
fornia; Richard Brewer, Dr. Victor E. Shelford, and Dr. Hurst H. 
Shoemaker, University of Illinois; Dr. Dana Snyder, University of 
Massachusetts; John S. Tener, Ottawa; Dr. Bernardo Villa, Uni- 
versidad Nacional, Mexico; C. Blair Coursen, Chicago; Captain 
Jean Delacour, San Diego; Frank Iwen, University of Wisconsin; 
David Lupton, University of Wisconsin; Mrs. Robert T. Mengal, 
University of Kansas; Kenneth C. Parkes and Dr. Arthur Twomey, 
Carnegie Museum; Dr. Raymond Paynter, Museum of Comparative 
Zoology; Dr. Robert Storer, University of Michigan; Dr. Wilmer 
Tanner, Brigham Young University; Alan Levi ton, Stanford Uni- 
versity; Dr. Bernard Greenberg, Roosevelt University; Dr. Howard 
E. Evans, Cornell University; Dr. James E. Bohlke, Academy of 
Natural Sciences, Philadelphia; C. C. Lindsey, University of British 
Columbia; Dr. Giles W. Mead, United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service; Dr. Andreas B. Rechnitzer, Scripps Institution of Ocea- 
nography; Donn E. Rosen, New York Zoological Society; Richard 
H. Rosenblatt and Dr. Boyd W. Walker, University of California at 
Los Angeles; Dr. E. G. Silas, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta; 
Miss Clara Baltazar, Philippine Natural History Museum; Dr. 
Joseph Camin, Chicago Academy of Sciences; Dr. David Cook, 
Wayne University; J. R. Doncaster and Everard Britton, British 
Museum (Natural History); Dr. Carl Drake, Iowa State College; 
Dr. Walter Forster, Bavarian State Museum, Munich; Dr. Elli 
Franz, Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-am-Main; Dr. 0. Haaf, 
G. Frey Museum, Munich; Dr. Carl Krekeler, Valparaiso Uni- 
versity; Dr. J. Linsley Gressitt, Bernice P. Bishop Museum; Dr. 
John D. Lattin, Oregon State College; Dr. William M. Mann, 
United States National Zoological Park; Dr. Charles D. Michener 
and Dr. Robert Sokal, University of Kansas; Dr. Harlow B. Mills, 
Dr. Herbert S. Ross, and Dr. Richard B. Selander, Illinois State 
Natural History Survey; Dr. Rodger D. Mitchell, University of 
Vermont; Rev. J. S. Moure\ University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. 
Cornelius B. Philip, Hamilton, Montana; and Rev. W. J. Price, 
University of Notre Dame. 



John Moyer, who has charge of the Division of Motion Pictures, 
assisted notably in the production of "shorts" required by the 
educational program of the Museum and in the editing and care of 
the Museum's specialized collection of educational films and was 
also, as a lecturer, of considerable importance in the Museum's 
public-relations program. Much of the year was devoted to a 
general check of all Museum films on file, which involves physical 
inspection, repair, and cleaning of each foot of film in the Film 
Library as well as re-editing and reclassifying by subject. All 35mm 
films, both negatives and prints, have now been removed, and 
material of value in those films was reduced to 16mm. Films on 
loan not needed were returned to their owners. Our Film Library 
now has ninety-six productions. Photography of the techniques 
involved in assembling the Gorgosaurus and Lambeosaurus skeletons 
and placing them on exhibition (see page 24) was completed. Several 
inquiries were received for a television program in which the Mu- 
seum would take part, and work in this connection was undertaken. 

"Toucans" is part of the newest section of the synoptic series of exhibits that will 
illustrate the birds of the world by selected examples (Boardman Conover Hall). 





Statistics seem inadequate to represent the report of the Divisions 
of Photography and Illustration at the Museum. To say that 
22,449 negatives, prints, slides, kodachromes, and transparencies 
were produced by the Division of Photography does not give recog- 
nition to the high quality of the work that has made this division 
such an important factor in the Museum's operations. John Bayalis 
and Homer V. Holdren are ever alert to the needs of the Museum, 
not only for recording but for interpreting its work. The series of 
photographs showing construction of the Gorgosaurus-Lambeosaurus 
exhibit now in Stanley Field Hall (see page 24) is of great importance 
both as a record of the past and as a guide for future construction. 
Photographs of exceptional interest were prepared to illustrate the 
Museum's monthly Bulletin and to provide its covers, and patient 
and painstaking care was required in bringing out the exact detail 
necessary for the illustration of scientific documents. This pride of 
accomplishment was felt not only by the photographers but also by 
all working with them. Miss Mary Creed meticulously handled the 
details of record-keeping and expediting orders in addition to the 
general custodianship of the thousands of films that must be always 
available at a moment's notice. More than 123,000 negatives are 
now in the files of the Division of Photography. 

E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist in the Division of Illustration, 
produced a splendid mural of the bromeliad Puya raimondii, which 
is found in the Andes (see page 51), prepared illustrative material 
for the Bulletin and Museum publications, and assisted in the layout 
of exhibits for the Department of Zoology. Late in the year Miss 
Marion Pahl, Staff Illustrator, came to the Museum and ably 
assisted in the production of the great amount of illustrative material 
required by our staff of research scientists. The work of other 
persons in the field of illustration might well be recognized, in- 
cluding Mrs. Ruth Andris of the Department of Zoology, whose 
cartoons have appeared so often in the Bulletin, and Gustaf Dalstrom 
of the Department of Anthropology, whose drawing used on the 
cover of the April Bulletin was reprinted, by permission, in publi- 
cations all around the world (see page 71). The work of Samuel H. 
Grove, Jr., in the Department of Botany, of Miss Maidi Wiebe in 
the Department of Geology, and of Miss Phyllis Wade in the 
Department of Zoology rarely comes to the attention of Members of 
the Museum but is of considerable importance in our publications 
or exhibition programs. (Examples of material prepared by the 
Division of Illustration are shown on page 84.) 



A total of 76,353 publications of the Museum was distributed in 
1956, the largest number in our history. Of this total, 15,620 copies 
were sent out without charge to individuals and institutions with 
whom exchange relationships have been established and 60,733 
copies were sold. 

The Museum printed during the year twenty-six publications 
in its scientific series, one (reprint) in its popular series, two in its 
handbook series, and one annual report. The total number of copies 
printed was 56,526, with a total of 2,437 pages of type composition. 
Twelve numbers of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were 
printed, averaging 6,850 copies an issue. Other work included 
posters, price lists, lecture schedules, specimen tags, and Museum 
Stories, totaling 722,185 impressions. 

The following publications were issued during 1956: 


Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1955, 151 pages, 
24 illustrations 


Cole, Fay-Cooper 

The Bukidnon of Mindanao, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 46, 142 pages, 
66 illustrations, 1 map 

Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, Elaine A. Bluhm, and Hugh C. Cutler 
Higgins Flat Pueblo, Western New Mexico, Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
volume 45, 218 pages, 85 illustrations 

Martin, Richard A. 

Mummies, Popular Series, Anthropology, number 36, 43 pages, 20 illustrations 

Plass, Margaret 

The King's Day, A Day in the Life of an African King, Anthropology 
Handbook, 32 pages, 10 illustrations, 1 map 

Rinaldo, John B., and Elaine A. Bluhm 

Late Mogollon Pottery Types of the Reserve Area, Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
volume 36, number 7, 39 pages, 33 illustrations, 1 map 


Macbride, J. Francis 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, volume 13, part 3A, number 2, 458 pages 

McVaugh, Rogers 

Tropical American Myrtaceae, Notes on Generic Concepts and Descriptions of 
Previously Unrecognized Species, Fieldiana: Botany, volume 29, number 3, 
86 pages, 6 illustrations 



Denison, Robert H. 

A Review of the Habitat of the Earliest Vertebrates, Fieldiana: Geology, 
volume 11, number 8, 101 pages 

Olson, Everett Claire 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 11; Lysorophus: Vale and Choza; Diplocaulus, 

Cacops and Eryopidae: Choza, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 25, 

10 pages, 2 illustrations 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 12; A New Trematopsid Amphibian from the 

Vale Formation, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 26, 6 pages, 

2 illustrations 

Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 13; Diadectes, Xenacanthus, and Specimens of 

Uncertain Affinities, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 27, 6 pages, 

2 illustrations 

Patterson, Bryan 

Early Cretaceous Mammals and the Evolution of Mammalian Molar Teeth, 
Fieldiana: Geology, volume 13, number 1, 107 pages, 17 illustrations 

Reed, Charles A. 

A New Species of the Fossorial Mammal Arctoryctes from the Ogliocene of 
Colorado, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 24, 7 pages, 1 illustration 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

Pennsylvania Invertebrates of the Mazon Creek Area, Illinois, Fieldiana: 
Geology, volume 12 (4 numbers), 76 pages, 38 illustrations, 3 maps 

Zangerl, Rainer 

Dinosaurs, Predator and Prey: Gorgosaurus-Lambeosaurus, An Exhibit in 
Stanley Field Hall, Geology Handbook, 16 pages, 8 illustrations 


Dybas, Henry S. 

A New Genus of Minute Fungus-Pore Beetles from Oregon, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 34, number 38, 8 pages, 3 illustrations 

Grey, Marion 

The Distribution of Fishes Found Below a Depth of 2000 Meters, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 36, number 2, 265 pages, 1 illustration 

Inger, Robert F. 

Some Amphibians from the Lowlands of North Borneo, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 34, number 36, 36 pages, 7 illustrations 

Notes on a Collection of Fishes from Southeastern Venezuela, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 34, number 37, 16 pages, 3 illustrations 

Marx, Hymen 

A New Lacertid Lizard from Angola, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 2, 
5 pages. 

Meister, Waldemar, and D. Dwight Davis 

Placentation of the Pigmy Treeshrew Tupia minor, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 35, number 4, 25 pages, 18 illustrations 

Minton, Sherman A., Jr. 

A New Snake of the Genus Tantilla from West Texas, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 34, 4 pages, 1 illustration 


Free Movies for Children 

1030 o-m 



Raab, George B. 

A New Plethodontid Salamander from Nuevo Leon, Mexico, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 39, number 3, 10 pages, 1 illustration 

Rand, Austin L., and Robert L. Fleming 

Two New Birds from Nepal, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 1, 3 pages 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 19 4-6-1 9 4-7, On The Status and Relations of 
Crocodylus mindorensis, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 33, number 5, 7 pages 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Hymen Marx 

The Herpetology of Sinai, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 4, 20 pages, 
3 illustrations, 1 map 

Schwartz, Albert 

Geographic Variation in the Chicken Turtle Dierochelys reticularia Latreille, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 34, number 41, 43 pages, 6 illustrations, 1 map 

Stannard, Lewis J., Jr. 

Two New Thrips from Baltic Amber (Thysanoptera; Terebrantia), Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 34, number 40, 8 pages, 3 illustrations 


Days with Birds, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 38, 523 pages, 126 illustrations 


Svoboda, Marie 

"Bible Plants," series of 9 Museum Stories, numbers 297-305 (each story 
4 pages), illustrated 

Weaver, Dolla Cox 

"Days of the Dinosaurs," series of 8 Museum Stories, numbers 306-313 
(each story 4 pages), illustrated 

The Division of Illustration as usual was called upon to furnish a wide variety of 
illustrative and decorative material for the departments and the divisions of the 
Museum. Examples of this work, by E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist, are shown at 
left: sack for The Book Shop, "Bulletin" logotype, television slide, drawing of 
"Dinosaur Family Tree" printed on back of a Museum Story (Raymond Foundation), 
mural in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall, sketch for proposed mural, drawing 
of new species of deep-sea fish for the Museum's Fieldiana series of technical writings, 
sticker for the annual nature-photography exhibit, the Spring Programs mailer, two 
drawings for Museum Stories, and a Book Shop brochure on African woodcarving. 




Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, volume 27 (1956), 12 numbers, 96 pages, 


Blake, Emmet R. 

" 'It's Done with Mirrors' in New Bird Exhibit," no. 5, p. 5 

"Songless Perching Birds Have Charm of Diversity," no. 12, p. 3 

Review of American Water and Game Birds (by Austin L. Rand), no. 11, p. 2 

Bluhm, Elaine, and David J. Wenner, Jr. 

"Prehistoric Culture of Chicago Area Uncovered," no. 2, pp. 5-6 

Dybas, Henry S. 

"Millions of Seventeen-year Cicadas Due Here in May," no. 5, pp. 3-4 
"Museum Men Take Cicada Census, Tape-record Songs," no. 8, pp. 3-4, 7 

Force, Roland W. 

"Our Pacific Exhibits Are Worth a Brag!" no. 10, pp. 3, 4 

Gregg, Clifford C. 

"Marshall Field, 1893-1956," no. 12, p. 2 

Haas, Fritz 

"A Deep-sea 'Bug,' " no. 5, p. 7 

Review of How to Collect Shells [a symposium published by the American 
Malacological Union], no. 7, p. 5 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Nature Mystery: The Secret of the Paca's Pouches," no. 9, pp. 5, 7 

Inger, Robert F. 

"Collecting in the Borneo Rain Forests," no. 10, pp. 7, 8 

"Exhibit Tells the Facts about Crocodilians," no. 4, p. 5 

"Expedition to Borneo Gets Under Way," no. 4, p. 6 

Review of The Natural History of North American Amphibians and Reptiles 

(by James A. Oliver), no. 8, p. 8 

Just, Theodor 

"Welwitschia, Living Fossil of South African Desert," no. 11, pp. 3-4 
Review of Flora of Winnebago County, Illinois (by Egbert W. Fell and others), 
no. 6, p. 2 

Review of Vascular Plants of Illinois (by George Neville Jones and George 
Damon Fuller), no. 6, p. 2 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Southwest Expedition Breaks New Trails," no. 6, p. 5 
"Trailing a Lost Tribe of Centuries Ago," no. 11, p. 4 
Review of The Story of Man (by Carleton S. Coon), no. 1, p. 7 

Nelson, Edward M. 

"How Fishes Float While Submerged," no. 6, pp. 6, 8 
Quimby, George I. 

"A 'Hall of Fame' for Fossil Man," no. 4, p. 7 



Types of birds' feet are placed against a stylized background where birds engaged 
in many characteristic activities are shown in silhouette (Boardman Conover Hall). 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A Scientist Admonishes Teachers and Pupils," no. 9, pp. 2, 7 

"Community Singing by Bird Choirs," no. 6, p. 7 

"Dangerous Birds," no. 1, p. 4 

"Exhibit of World's Songbirds Completed," no. 9, p. 6 

"Island Homes Provide Security to Birds," no. 12, p. 7 

Review of American Bird Songs (Cornell University Records), no. 7, p. 5 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., and Rawer Zangerl 

"Key to Past Sought in Louisiana Bayous," no. 11, pp. 6-7 

Rinaldo, John B. 

" 'Buried Treasure' Left by Ancient Indians," no. 12, p. 7 

Rockwell, Jane 

"A King Has His Day on Members' Night," no. 10, pp. 3, 4-5 
"Everything from 'Hoppers to Hippos in Museum Gifts," no. 8, pp. 6-7 
"International Museum Week Spotlights Co-operation," no. 10, pp. 2, 8 

Ross, Lillian A. 

"Spider's Web: Engineering Feat and Art Creation," no. 1, pp. 3, 5 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Leon L. Walters, 1888-1956," no. 7, p. 2 

Starr, M. Kenneth 

" 'Sun Drums' of Asia," no. 7, pp. 6-7 




Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Milkweed Insect Trap," no. 5, p. 8 

Thieret, John W. 

"Facts about Dutch Elm Disease Told in New Exhibit," no. 6, pp. 3-4, 5 

"Figs of Subtropics Grow in Chicago," no. 4, p. 8 

"The Foxglove: Medicinal and Ornamental Plant," no. 9, p. 4 

"The Papaw, Our Local 'Tropical' Fruit," no. 1, pp. 6-7 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

"Twenty Thousand Birds of Southern Asia Received," no. 7, pp. 3-4 

Turnbull, William D. 

"Collecting Fossils in Washakie Basin," no. 12, p. 6 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

"Collection of Beetles Arrives from Vienna," no. 2, pp. 4, 7 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Problems of Conservation in the Great Lakes," no. 4, pp. 3-5 


Martin, Paul S. 

"Arrowhead," in Brittanica Junior, 1956 ed., vol. 1, pp. 390a, 390b 

Quimby, George I. 

"The Locus of the Natchez Pelvin Find," American Antiquity, vol. 22, 
no. 1, pp. 77-79 

Rinaldo, John B. (coauthor) 

"Functional and Evolutionary Implications of Comunity Patterning," in 
"Seminars in Archaeology: 1955," Memoirs of the Society for American 
Archaeology, no. 11, pp. 129-157 

Starr, M. Kenneth 

"Ch'eng-tzti-yai: The Black Pottery Culture Site at Lung-shan-chen in 
Li-ch'eng-hsien, Shantung Province" (edited by Li Chi and others and 
originally published in 1934, in Chinese), translated and annotated by 
M. Kenneth Starr, Yale University Publications in Anthropology, no. 52, 
232 pages, 54 plates, 12 figures, 25 tables 

Drouet, Francis 

"A Preliminary Study of the Algae of Northwestern Minnesota," Proceedings 

of the Minnesota Academy of Science, vol. 22, pp. 116-138 

"A Second List of Freshwater Algae, Chiefly from New Brunswick," Rhodora, 

vol. 58, no. 689, pp. 117-124 [with Herbert Habeeb] 

"Revision of the Coccoid Myxophyceae," Butler University Botanical Studies, 

vol. 12, pp. 1-218 [with William A. Daily] 

Review of Handbook of Algae (by Herman S. Forest), in Bulletin of the Torrey 
Botanical Club, vol. 82, no. 6, p. 507 


Just, Theodor 

"Fifty Years of Paleobotany, 1906-1956," American Journal of Botany, 
vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 93-99 

"The Ferns and Their Allies in the Past," in A Field Guide to the Ferns and 
Their Related Families of Northeastern and Central North America by Boughton 
Cobb (The Peterson Field Guide Series No. 10, Houghton Mifflin Company), 
pp. 254-257 

Sherff, Earl E. 

"Some Recently Collected Dicotyledonous Hawaiian Island and Peruvian 
Plants," American Journal of Botany, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 475-478 

Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Asclepias syriaca var. kansana in New York State," Rhodora, vol. 58, 

no. 691, pp. 197-198 

"Eastern Witch Hazel," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 7, 

pp. 98-101 

"Late October Flowers in Missouri," Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, 

vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 116-118 

"Missouri's Crop of Wild Annuals and Biennials," Missouri Botanical Garden 

Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 41-42 

"Rare Missouri Plants — IV, Whorled Pogonia or Purple Five-leaved Orchid," 

Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 102-103 

"Rare Missouri Plants — V, Umbrella Plant," Missouri Botanical Garden 

Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 106-107 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Herbarium, examines a 
mounted specimen of one of the bizarre members of the Aster Family (Compositae), 
an undescribed genus that he found on the summit of Chimanta'tepui in Venezuela. 



Julian A. Steyermark (continued) 

"Rice, Northward Ho!" Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 9, 

pp. 136-137 

"Tillandsia Standleyi," Bromeliad Society Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 6-7 [with 

Albert A. Vatter, Jr.] 

Review of Flora of Winnebago County, Illinois (by Egbert W. Fell and others), 

in Rhodora, vol. 58, no. 693, pp. 273-274 

Review of Vascular Plants of Illinois (by George Neville Jones and George 

Damon Fuller), in The American Midland Naturalist, vol. 55, no. 2, 

pp. 508-509 

Thieret, John W. 

"Bryophytes as Economic Plants," Economic Botany, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 75-91 
"Nardoo," American Fern Journal, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 108-109 
"Stenandrium Nees versus Gerardia L," Taxon, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 58-59 


Blake, Emmet R. 

"A Collection of Panamanian Nests and Eggs," The Condor, vol. 58, no. 5, 
pp. 386-388 

"Unusual Eggs of the Boat-billed Heron," The Wilson Bulletin, vol. 68, 
no. 3, pp. 251-252 

Grey, Marion 

"New Records of Deep Sea Fishes, Including a New Species, Oneirodes 
bradburyae, from the Gulf of Mexico," Copeia, 1956, no. 4, pp. 242-246, 
2 figures 

Haas, Fritz 

"Was ist Bulimus minimus Philippi?" Archiv fur Molluskenkunde, vol. 85, 
p. 84 

Inger, Robert F. 

"Morphology and Development of the Vocal Sac Apparatus in the African 
Frog Rana (Ptychadena) porosissima Steindachner," Journal of Morphology, 
vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 57-72 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Amateur Bird Student Is in an Enviable Position," Cleveland Audubon 
Society Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 2 

American Water and Game Birds (New York, E. P. Dutton and Co., Inc.), 
239 pages, 167 illustrations (127 in color), 35 silhouettes by Ugo Mochi 

"Changes in English Sparrow Population Densities," The Wilson Bulletin, 
vol. 68, pp. 69-70 

"First Revisor of the Eastern Sapsuckers," The Auk, vol. 73, p. 139 
"Foot-stirring as a Feeding Habit of Wood Ibis and Other Birds," The 
American Midland Naturalist, vol. 55, pp. 96-100 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran," Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk 
Naturhistorisk Forening, vol. 117, pp. 193-207 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

Review of A Distributional Check List of the Birds of Illinois (by Harry R. 
Smith and Paul W. Parmalee), in The Wilson Bulletin, vol. 68, no. 2, p. 165 



Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, and Dr. John 
B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, attended the Pecos 
Conference on Southwestern Archaeology in Flagstaff, Arizona. 
George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, attended the annual meetings of the Society for American 
Archaeology in Lincoln, Nebraska, and the field meeting in Michigan 
of Friends of the Pleistocene, Midwest Section. Roland W. Force, 
Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, attended the 
annual meetings in Santa Monica, California, of the American 
Anthropological Association, where he presented a paper in a special 
symposium on Micronesia and participated in an organizational 
meeting of the United States and Hawaiian Branch of the Far- 
Eastern Prehistory Association. Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in 
Archaeology, and Allen S. Liss, Assistant in Anthropology, attended 
meetings in Springfield of the Illinois Archaeological Survey, of 
which Miss Bluhm was elected secretary. Dr. Donald Collier, 
Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, was elected 
chairman of the Institute of Andean Research. Curator Collier and 
Curator Quimby attended the meetings in Chicago of the American 
Association of Physical Anthropologists. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, was one of six 
speakers at the Golden Jubilee Symposium "Progress and Outstand- 
ing Achievements in Various Fields of Botany During the Past 
Fifty Years," which was held on August 29 at the University of 
Connecticut to commemorate the founding in 1906 of the Botanical 
Society of America. He was appointed a member of the Committee 
on Systematic Biology sponsored on behalf of the National Science 
Foundation by the American Institute of Biological Sciences and 
a member of the Subcommittee of Paleobotany for the Ninth 
Botanical Congress (1959) and continued as a member of the Council 
of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, 
Curator of the Phanerogamic Herbarium, participated in a four-day 
field trip to the Driftless Area of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa, 
conducted by the Central States section of the Botanical Society 
of America. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, attended the 
meetings in Mexico City of the International Geological Congress. 
Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, attended meetings 
in Chicago of the Committee on Government Relations and of the 
Board of Directors of the American Geological Institute, serving, 


with Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, as alternate 
director for the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Curator 
Denison attended the annual meetings in New York of the Society 
of Vertebrate Paleontology and the Society for the Study of Evo- 
lution and the meetings at Higgins Lake, Michigan, of the American 
Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Dr. Eugene S. Richard- 
son, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, attended the meetings in 
Chicago of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, and 
William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, attended 
the meetings, also in Chicago, of the American Association of 
Physical Anthropologists. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, and Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr., Assistant Curator of Birds, attended the meetings 
in Denver of the American Ornithologists' Union, where Chief 
Curator Rand was elected a vice-president and appointed to the 
Finance Committee. Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of 
Zoology, who was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 
attended meetings in Washington, D.C., of the Committee on 
Systematic Biology (sponsored by the American Institute of Bio- 
logical Sciences on behalf of the National Science Foundation) and 
of the National Science Foundation. Dr. Schmidt participated in 
the Institute of Biology at the University of Utah (held under the 
auspices of the National Science Foundation) and, with Dr. Robert 
F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, in the Midwest 
Symposium on Systematic Biology at Missouri Botanical Garden. 

Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, Dr. Edward M. Nelson, 
Associate in the Division of Fishes, and Miss Laura Brodie, Assistant 
in Zoology, attended the meetings at Higgins Lake of the American 
Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, where Dr. Nelson 
presented two papers and Curator Woods was elected vice-president 
for conservation and re-elected to a joint committee on common 
names of fishes. Philip Hershkovitz, Curator of Mammals, Luis de 
la Torre, Associate in the Division of Mammals, and Miss Sophie 
Andris, Osteologist, attended the meeting of the American Society 
of Mammalogists at Higgins Lake. Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of 
Insects, and Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, attended the 
Tenth International Congress of Entomology in Montreal, where 
Curator Wenzel presented an illustrated paper. D. D wight Davis, 
Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, took part in the meetings in Chicago 
of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. 

The Museum was represented at the annual meeting in St. Louis 
of the Midwest Conference of Museums of the American Association 
of Museums by Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of James Nelson and Anna 



K7 'Sx -' 

"Blue Birds" in Dinosaur Land (see page 30) 

Louise Raymond Foundation, and John R. Millar, Deputy Director 
of the Museum, who was vice-president for Illinois of the Conference. 
Miss Wood addressed the meeting on "The Schools Come to the 
Museum." Meetings of the American Library Association and the 
Special Libraries Association were attended by Mrs. Meta P. Howell, 
Librarian, Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt, Associate Librarian, and Miss 
Mar j one A. West, Assistant to the Librarian. 

Members of the Museum's scientific staff who serve in various 
capacities on editorial boards of scientific journals include Chief 
Curator Just, Lloydia (editor) and American Journal of Botany; 
Curator Emeritus Schmidt, Biological Abstracts; Assistant Curator 
Turnbull, Saugetierkundliche Mitteilungen (Stuttgart, Germany) and 
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology News Bulletin; and Curator Woods, 
The American Midland Naturalist. 



Attendance in the cafeteria for the year amounted to 237,394, 
an increase over last year of slightly more than 21,000 persons. 
Receipts also increased slightly but not in proportion to attendance 
because the average check, both in the cafeteria and in the lunch- 
room, was slightly less than a year ago. 


The completion of the dinosaur exhibit in Stanley Field Hall (see 
page 24) called for construction of the base, curb, and railing as well 
as a temporary enclosure for the exhibit to permit Museum tech- 
nicians to work unhampered. Construction and lighting work in 
the Hall of Meteorites and Minerals (Hall 35, Clarence Buckingham 
Hall) included closing 48 windows with masonry and plaster, con- 
struction and installation of 26 built-in wall-cases, and modernization 
of six exhibition cases formerly in use. Wall outlets and two panel 
boards were installed to provide for lighting of exhibition cases and 
ceiling lights were removed (see Department of Geology, page 58). 
Remodeling Room 109 for the William J. and Joan A. Chalmers 
Mineralogical Laboratory included installation of an X-ray diffrac- 
tion unit and other apparatus for accurate determination of mineral 
specimens and running in the heavy-duty power line required by 
the new electrical equipment (see page 54). In addition, new 
slim-line fixtures were recessed in the ceiling beams in Ernest R. 
Graham Hall (Hall 38, Fossil Vertebrates) to improve the lighting 
of the skeletal exhibits in the center of the hall. 

As the first step in complete rehabilitation of Charles F. Mills- 
paugh Hall (Hall 26, North American Trees) 24 large windows 
opening on the court were closed, four exhibition cases were re- 
modeled to eliminate excessive depth, and six others were refinished 
inside and out (see Department of Botany, page 50). A large mural 
was placed on the west wall of Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall 
(Hall 29, Plant Life), and two panel-boards were installed to handle 
more efficiently the lighting of this hall. The extensive program 
for reinstallation of anthropological exhibits on the ground floor 
consumed much time of the maintenance and engineering crews 
(see Department of Anthropology, page 45). Because the scientific 
departments are not staffed to handle construction, moving, lighting, 
and refinishing of exhibition cases, these burdensome tasks are 
assumed by the Divisions of Maintenance and Engineering. Draw- 


ings were prepared for the group of eight exhibition cases that will 
be required for the installation next year of the exhibit "Synopsis of 
the Animal Kingdom" (see Department of Zoology, page 66). 

Bookcases, X-ray viewing-boxes, tray carts, and new fixtures 
were prepared for various members of the staff of the Division of 
Paleontology, and extensive changes were made in the office of the 
Curator of Mammals to provide better conditions for study of 
specimens. Two plant driers were built for the Department of 
Botany. The postcard counters at the North Door of the Museum 
were moved and additional counters installed to provide for the 
increasing business of the Book Shop and sales of postcards. 

It was necessary again to winter-proof the steps at the north and 
south entrances of the Museum by tuck-pointing with an elastic 
waterproof compound. The old platform-scale was discarded and 
the floor timbers were replaced with reinforced concrete. Fourteen 
ventilating fans were installed in windows at the ends of the aisles 
on the third floor for more comfortable working conditions for the 
scientific staff. Throughout the building continuous cleaning and 
painting proceeded according to schedule. In the boiler room the 
summer season was used as usual to clean all boilers, pumps, and 
motors in preparation for the next season's work. The breeching 
and stack were cleaned of soot, the coal conveyor was overhauled, 
and worn flights were replaced. New power circuits were run into 
the pressroom to provide power for a new printing press and air- 
compressor. New 48-inch fixtures were placed in several offices and 
workrooms and twenty-four lamps were provided for various desks. 

The heating plant generated a total of 60,165,000 pounds of 
steam, of which 10,998,470 pounds were sold to Shedd Aquarium 
and 16,874,605 pounds were sold to the Chicago Park District under 
existing contracts. 


In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 






FOR THE YEARS 1956 AND 1955 


RECEIPTS: 1956 1955 

Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 321,785 $ 299,048 

From investments in real estate 373,147 404,601 

$ 694,932 $ 703,649 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 241,832 $ 184,031 

Annual and sustaining memberships 28,680 26,670 

Admissions 32,371 32,288 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose con- 
tributions 51,105 45,607 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 90,659 69,305 

$1,139,579 $1,061,550 

Operating expenses — 

Departmental operating expenses $ 473,884 $ 454,910 

General operating expenses 396,910 373,961 

Building repairs and alterations 98,118 95,128 

$ 968,912 $ 923,999 

Collections — 

Purchases and expedition costs $ 64,441 $ 42,490 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 24,927 5,253 

Pensions and employees' benefits 61,928 62,894 

Appropriations in lieu of premiums formerly 

payable on assigned life insurance 14,500 14,500 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000 10,000 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of the 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension (contra) 111 2,560 

$1,144,819 $1,061,696 

deficit FOR year before special contribution $ (5,240) $ (146) 

Special contribution to liquidate 1956 deficit 5,240 








Income from endowments . 








From Specific Endowment Fund investments $ 65,894 

Contributions for specified purposes 34,499 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation (contra) 10,000 

Sundry receipts — net 68,379 

$ 178,772 


Transferred to Operating Fund to apply against 

expenditures (contra) $ 90,659 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 48,000 

$ 138,659 





$ 155,525 

$ 69,305 

$ 105,305 

$ 50,220 

The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum, 

Chicago, Illinois 

In our opinion, the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1956 and 1955, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the years. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
February 1, 1957 




FOR YEARS 1956 AND 1955 

1956 1955 

Total attendance 1,101,512 1,072,676 

Paid attendance 129,483 129,151 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 43,256 39,272 

Schoolchildren 128,880 98,408 

Teachers 6,063 5,739 

Members of the Museum 579 397 

Service men and women 1,373 1,595 

Special meetings and occasions 2,440 1,778 

Press 35 9 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 137,605 (52) 132,699 

Saturdays (52) 278,057 (52) 302,283 

Sundays (52) 373,741 (51) 361,345 

Highest attendance on any day 

(March 24) 12,937 (May 7) 16,227 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(January 9) 204 (February 7) 209 

Highest paid attendance (July 4) 3,781 (September 5) 3,430 

Average daily admissions (364 days) .... 3,026 (363 days) 2,955 

Average paid admissions (208 days) 622 (208 days) 620 

Number of picture postcards sold 225,401 239,020 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular), General Guide, and 

photographs; checkroom receipts... $24,221.95 $20,443.37 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 




Biddle, W. C, Crystal River, Flori- 
da: 3 Hopi basket plaques — Arizona 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
41 flint artifacts — Bone Caves, southern 
France (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Miss Elaine Bluhm 
(Chicago Region Archaeological Field 
Trips, 1955-56): archaeological materi- 
als of stone, bone, and shell — Chicago 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1956): about 5,000 sherds and 150 pro- 
jectile points, scrapers, flake knives, 
choppers, and manos — miscellaneous 
sites in vicinity of Vernon, Arizona 

Purchases: cast of reconstructed 
skull of Sinanthropus, cast of flesh 
restoration of Sinanthropus female (for 
exhibition in Hall C); about 300 ethno- 
logical specimens from the Eastern 
Highlands of New Guinea 

Conger, Miss Cornelia, Chicago: 
beaded cradlecover, pair of beaded 
moccasins, beaded bag, Northern Plains, 
probably Sioux — Idaho (gift) 

Finnegan, Mrs. Edward R., Chicago : 
opium pipe — China (gift) 

Force, Roland W., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 142 ethnological specimens — 
Western Caroline Islands, Trust Terri- 
tory (gift) 

Frederick, L. E., Tacoma, Wash- 
ington: Tibetan woodblock — Lhasa, 
Tibet (gift) 

Goodland, Miss Elizabeth M., 
Chicago: 2 hand carrying-baskets with 
covers — Mindanao, Philippines (gift) 

Hamm, Rev. David, Mindanao, 
Philippines: Moro musical instrument 
— Philippines (gift) 

Healey, Giles, Pacific Palisades, 
California: 3 enlargments of photo- 
graphs of Stela 2 at Bonampak — 
Chiapas, Mexico (gift) 

Hester, Evett D., Jeffersonville, 
Indiana: 134 pieces from Hester Col- 
lection of Philippine ceramic recoveries 
(2nd of 3 parts of this collection that 
are being presented to the Museum) — 
Philippines (gift) 

Hodel, Mrs. Corinne, Chicago: 
lady's robe — China (gift) 

Holden, E. C, Chicago: object of 
horn and lead — Chicago area (gift) 

Holmblad, Mrs. Edward C, 
Chicago: embroidered cover for cricket 
box, embroidered square, stenciled 
silk-piece — China (gift) 

Meeker, Oden, New York: bronze 
drum — Laos, Indochina (gift) 

National Museum, Manila: type 
collection of sherds from Kalanay Cave 
Site, Masbate — Philippines (exchange) 

Nuerenberg, Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
liam, Santa Monica, California: set of 
8 small vases showing method by which 
cloisonne is made — China (gift) 

Polyak, Stephen, Chicago: Kicka- 
poo cradleboard — Oklahoma (exchange) 

Quiroz, Roberto, Tempe, Arizona: 
wool poncho, leather cap ("Montera") 
— Bolivia (gift) 

Sawyer, Alan R., Chicago: beaded 
pendant, beaded sash, silver belt, pair 
of silver earrings, 3 silver gorgets, 
7 silver brooches, Seminole — United 
States (exchange); 33 projectile points, 
Tiahuanaco site — Bolivia (exchange) 

Shanahan, Dennis E., Chicago: 12 
prehistoric Eskimo archaeological ob- 
jects of bone and ivory — near Point 
Barrow, Alaska (gift) 

Shapas, Theodore J., Dolton, Illi- 
nois: Late Woodland pottery vessel — 
Thorn Creek Forest Preserve, Chicago 
area (gift) 

Stith, Richard B., Lacon, Illinois: 
handwritten notes in Japanese "from 
the original expedition to Point Barrow, 
Alaska" — probably Japan (gift) 


Telling, Miss Elisabeth, Guilford, 
Connecticut: 45 drawings by Miss 
Telling, made in Indonesia and Central 
America (gift) 

Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, 
Union of South Africa: 15 casts of Early 
Pleistocene and Late Pliocene human 
skeletal material — South Africa (gift) 

Trier, Robert, McKenzie Bridge, 
Oregon: 3 fire pistons — Malay Penin- 
sula (gift) 

Wenner-Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research, Incor- 
porated, New York: Webster-Chicago 
dictation wire records (gift) 


Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, Urbana, Illinois: 3 seed samples 

American Nurseryman, Chicago: 
plant specimen (gift) 

American Spice Trade Association, 
Chicago: 32 economic specimens (gift) 

American Spice Trade Association, 
New York: 16 photographs (gift) 

Amidei, T. P., East Chicago, Indiana: 
fungus (gift) 

Aristeguieta, Dr. Leandro, Ca- 
racas, Venezuela: plant specimen (gift) 

Arkansas, University of, Fayette- 
ville: 56 plant specimens (exchange) 

Banfield, Dr. W. M., Amherst, 
Massachusetts: 5 photographs (gift) 

Bartel, Karl E., Blue Island, 
Illinois: 6 plant specimens (gift) 

Bauer, William, Imperial, Missouri: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
2,534 plant specimens (gift) 

Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Hono- 
lulu: photograph (gift) 

Botanic Gardens of Indonesia, 
Bogor, Java: 6 photographs (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 481 plant specimens 

California, University of, Berke- 
ley: 262 plant specimens, 54 photo- 
graphs, 12 cryptogamic specimens, 921 
fungi (exchange) 

Canada Department of Agricul- 
ture, Ottawa: 50 plant specimens 

Chicago NaturalHistoryMuseum: 
Collected by Dr. Norman C. Fassett 

(Salvadorean Project, 1950-51): 140 

plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(field trips): 1,004 plant specimens, 
25 seed samples, 2 wood specimens 

Purchases: 100 plant specimens — 
South Africa; 340 plant speci- 
mens — Australia; 1 pound of quinoa 
seeds — Ecuador; 803 plant specimens — 

Cornell University, Ithaca, New 
York: 3 photographs (gift) 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Washing- 
ton, D.C.: 18 plant specimens (gift) 

Delhi, University of, New Delhi, 
India: 100 plant specimens (exchange) 

Dentzman, Henry J., St. Louis: 
33 wood specimens (exchange) 

Donald Richards Fund: 100 mosses 
— New Zealand 

Dunbar, Henry F., Kingston, New 
York: plant specimen (gift) 

Escuela Agricola Panamericana, 
Tegucigalpa, Honduras: 324 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 4 fungi (gift) 

Forest Products Laboratory, 
Madison, Wisconsin: 17 wood speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Free, Mrs. Julia, Sedona, Arizona: 
seed sample, 2 wood specimens (gift) 

Gier, Dr. Leroy J., Liberty, Mis- 
souri: 354 plant specimens (gift) 

Grenada Co-operative Nutmeg 
Association, Grenada, British West 
Indies: several economic specimens 

Hansen, C. E., Chicago: 3 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Haynie, Miss Nellie V., Elmhurst, 
Illinois: 3 plant specimens (gift) 

Herbario Barbosa Rodrigues, 
Itajaf, Santa Catarina, Brazil: 718 
plant specimens (exchange) 

Hodge, W. W., Kennett Square, 
Pennsylvania: photograph (gift) 

Illinois Natural History Survey, 
Urbana: 2 photographs (gift) 


Indian Botanic Garden, Calcutta: 
140 seed samples (exchange) 

Institute of Forestry, Wagen- 
ingen, Netherlands: 107 wood speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Institute of Jamaica, Kingston: 50 
plant specimens (exchange) 


Berlin, Germany: 124 seed samples 

Institut National pour l' Etude 
Agronomique du Congo Belge, Yan- 
gambi: 56 seed samples (gift) 

Instituto de Investigacion de 
Zonas Deserticas, San Luis Potosi, 
Mexico: 83 plant specimens (exchange) 

Instituut voor Toegepast Bio- 
logisch onderzoek in de natuur, 
Baarn, Netherlands: 3 photographs 

Iowa State College, Ames: 772 
seed samples (exchange) ; 2 seed samples, 
3 photographs (gift) 

Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 250 plant speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Lincoln Park Conservatory: Chi- 
cago: 2 plant specimens (gift) 

Mathias, Dr. Mildred E., Los 
Angeles: 3 seed samples (gift) 

Mauritius, Director of Agricul- 
ture, Reduit: 25 seed samples (gift) 

McCarthy, Mrs. Omie, Nome, 
Alaska: 147 plant specimens (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 1,073 plant specimens (exchange) 

Minnesota, University of, Min- 
neapolis: 3 seed samples (gift) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, 
St. Louis: plant specimen (gift) 

Moore, George E., St. Louis: plant 
specimen (gift) 

National Botanic Gardens, Kir- 
stenbosch, Union of South Africa: 214 
seed samples (exchange) 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm: 916 plant specimens (ex- 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 1,160 plant specimens, 43 
photographs (exchange) ; 50 plant speci- 
mens (gift) 

New Zealand, Department of 
Tourists and Publicity, Wellington: 
22 photographs (gift) 


Nogle, Harold, Port Arthur, Texas: 

6 wood specimens (exchange) 
Oklahoma, University of, Norman: 

7 plant specimens (exchange) 
Pakistan, Ministry of Agricul- 
ture, Karachi: 20 wood specimens 

Palmer, Ernest J., Webb City, 
Missouri: 594 plant specimens (gift) 

Penick, S. B., and Company, New 
York: 7 economic specimens (gift) 

Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Company, 
Des Moines: 19 seed samples (gift) 

Poncho, Juan V., Chicago: 18 plant 
specimens (gift) 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
England: 112 plant specimens (ex- 

Scharlett, Mrs. Lauramarie, Nor- 
walk, California: plant specimen (gift) 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P., Homewood, 
Illinois: 69 plant specimens (gift) 

Sella, Emil, Hazelcrest, Illinois: 

2 plant specimens (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Hastings, 
Michigan: 512 plant specimens (gift) 

Smith, Mrs. Ellen T., Lake Forest, 
Illinois: plant specimen (gift) 

Southern Methodist University, 
Dallas: 33 plant specimens (exchange) 

Strauss, Jesse, Glencoe, Illinois: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Svikhart, Edwin G., Chicago: eco- 
nomic specimen (gift) 

Templeton, Bonnie C, Los Angeles: 

3 seed samples (gift) 

Territorial Museum, Juneau, 
Alaska: plant specimen (gift) 

Thieret, Dr. John W., Homewood, 
Illinois: 79 plant specimens, several 
economic specimens (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture: 12 photographs, 18 
economic specimens (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 219 plant specimens 
(exchange); 315 plant specimens, 3 
cryptogamic specimens (gift) 

Universitetets Botaniske Mu- 
seum, Copenhagen, Denmark: 96 cryp- 
togamic specimens (exchange) 

Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago: 
44 seed samples, plant specimen (gift) 

Waite Agricultural Research 
Institute, Adelaide, South Australia: 
88 plant specimens (exchange) 

Wolf, Mrs. Marion, Lafayette, 
Louisiana: 6 plant specimens, 5 eco- 
nomic specimens (gift) 

Yntema, Mrs. L. F., Wadsworth, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift) 


American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: specimens of vari- 
gated clays of India, cast of Colos- 
sochelys atlas (open exchange) 

Arenberg, Claire S., and Albert 
L. Arenberg, Highland Park, Illinois: 
necklace containing 95 pearls (gift) 

Canright, Dr. James E., Blooming- 
ton, Indiana: fossil insect (Palaeodicty- 
optera) — Indiana (gift) 

Carlson, H. J., Anchorage, Alaska: 
jar of volcanic ash — Mount Spurr, 
Alaska (gift) 

Carman, Dr. J. Ernest, Columbus, 
Ohio: 1,000 specimens of Lower De- 
vonian fishes, invertebrates, and plants 
—Ohio (gift) 

ChicagoNaturalHistory Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
(Eastern States Paleontological Field 
Trip, 1956): 75 specimens of Middle 
Devonian fishes, 300 specimens of 
Middle Devonian invertebrates — 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and Orville L. Gilpin (Wyoming 
Paleontological Expedition, 1956): 150 
specimens of Eocene mammals, reptiles, 
and fishes — Wyoming 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 

Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., and 

Dr. Robert H. Denison (field trip): 

9 specimens of fossil invertebrates — 

Cleveland Museum of Natural 
History, Cleveland, Ohio: cast of 
Dinichthys terreli (exchange) 

Douglas, Mrs. Walter, Chauncey, 
New York: fossil cycad-bud — Utah 

Feinstein, Edward, Chicago: tail of 
trilobite (Bumastus sp. pygidium) — 
Illinois (gift) 

Florida Geological Survey, 
Tallahassee: casts of Merychippus gun- 
teri, Merychippus westoni, Archaeohip- 
pus nanus, Anchitherium clarencei (gift) 

Gemological Institute of Amer- 
ica, New York: specimens of sawed 
natural pearl and sawed cultured pearl 


Heavy Minerals Company, 
Chicago: 5 specimens of beach-sand 
concentrates — Florida (gift) 

Heston, William, Chicago: skull of 
Merycoidodon culbertsoni, skull of Sty- 
lemys, specimen of limy coquina — 
South Dakota (gift) 

Horback, Henry, Chicago: 2 speci- 
mens of marcasite nodules — Illinois 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: occipital region of Symbos — 
Illinois (gift) 

Keener, Chaplain Earl A., New 
York: 4 fossil fishes (Mallotus villosus) 
— Greenland (gift) 

Kirkby, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel, 
Riverside, California: fossil snail — 
Idaho (gift) 

Lundelius, Dr. Ernest, Pasadena, 
California: collection of fossil mammals 
— west Australia (gift) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 7 casts of 
fossil mammals (gift) 

Rosiclare Lead and Fluorspar 
Mining Company, Rosiclare, Illinois: 
specimen of fluorite — Illinois (gift) 

Ross, Miss Lillian A., Chicago: 
fossil spider (Nacekomia rossae) — Illi- 
nois (gift) 

Saint Procopius College, Lisle, 
Illinois: 37 fossil coral specimens — 
Michigan (gift) 

Shell Development Company, 
Houston undetermined placoderm plate 
(rostral?)— Canada (gift) 

Stannard, Lewis J., Urbana, Illinois: 
fossil insect-wing — Illinois (gift) 

Swanson, Wendell B., Chicago: 
105 fossil mammals and some turtles — 
east Australia (gift) 

Techter, David, Chicago: fossil 
spider — Illinois (gift) 

Thomas, R. C, Park Forest, Illinois: 
20-pound hematite boulder — Wisconsin 

Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, Union 
of South Africa: 15 casts of fossil 
hominoids (gift) 


Turner, George, Chicago: fossil 
bison-horn — Alaska (gift) 

Whitfield, Dr. and Mrs. Robert 
H., Evanston, Illinois: collection of 
fossil flora and fauna — Illinois (gift) 

Wiebe, Miss Maidi, Chicago: Penn- 
sylvanian trilobite — Illinois (gift) 

William J. Chalmers Crystal 
Fund: stalactitic goethite — Washing- 
ton, D.C.; wulfenite — Arizona 

Wray, O. R., Quebec: 20 sand- 
calcite concretions, diorite specimen 
with sand-calcite concretion — Canada 


Adrian Marie O. P., Sister, Notre 
Dame, Indiana: 2 fishes — Minnesota 
and Ohio (gift) 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 3 frogs — Belgian 
Congo (exchange) 

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago: 
22 bronze miniature animal-figures 

Axtell, Ralph W., Austin: lizard 
—Texas (gift) 

Bateman, Robert, Toronto: mam- 
mal — Canada (gift) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Ten- 
nessee: 509 insects — Tennessee and 
Chile (gift) 

Biese, Dr. Walter, Santiago, Chile: 
33 lots of sandshells— Chile (gift) 

Bogert, Charles M., New York: 
lizard, 2 salamanders — Mexico (gift) 


Paulo, Brazil: 7 frogs — Brazil (ex- 

Bragg, Dr. Arthur N., Norman, 
Oklahoma: 22 lots of frog larvae — 
Oklahoma (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: bird — British Came- 
roons (exchange); 45 frogs — Africa 

Brodie, Miss Laura, Chicago 32 
turtles — South Carolina (gift) 

Bullock, Dr. Dillman S., Angol, 
Chile: 44 reptiles and amphibians — 
Chile (gift) 

Camin, Dr. Joseph, Chicago: 2 
insects — Madagascar (gift) 

Campbell, J. M., New Haven, 
Connecticut: 12 birds — New Mexico 
and Philippines (exchange) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 96 
birds — tropical America (exchange) 

Ceballos B., Ismael, Cuzco, Peru: 
15 mammals — Peru (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum 
Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Carib- 
bean Marine Field Work, 1956): 398 
lower invertebrates, lizard — Bimini, 

Collected by Dr. Robert F. Inger 
(Borneo Zoological Expedition, 1956): 
90 mammals, 4 mammal skeletons, 

6 mammal skulls, 374 lots of fishes, 
1,404 reptiles and amphibians, turtle 
skeleton — Borneo 

Collected by Celestino Kalinowski 
(Peru Zoological Expedition, 1956): 

9 mammals, 105 insects, 142 landshells 
— Peru 

Collected by C. L. Koch and D. 
Balfour-Browne (Vernay-Transvaal 
Museum Expedition to Kuene River 
and Angola, 1954): 143 beetles — South 
Africa and Angola 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
Zoological Field Work, 1956): 1,001 
birds, 256 reptiles and amphibians, 

10 lots of lower invertebrates — Philip- 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (Mex- 
ico Zoological Field Trip, 1954-55): 

7 lots of lower invertebrates — Mexico 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
(Louisiana Sedimentology Field Trip, 
1956): 29 mollusks — Lake Borgne, 

Purchases: 31 lots of shells, 1 pearl 
oyster, 52 nonmarine shells, 7 lots of 
mollusks; 21,265 birds, 76 bird eggs; 
58 fishes; 471 mammals; 8,828 insects; 
442 reptiles and amphibians. 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 3 mammals, 4 birds 
— various localities (gift) 

Cincinnati, University of, Cin- 
cinnati: 2 birds — Chile (exchange) 

Clark, Dr. Gordon M., College 
Park, Maryland: 2 insects — Maryland 

Constantine, Dr. D. G., Atlanta, 
Georgia: 21 bats — California (gift) 


Domergue, Dr. Charles, Tunis, 
Tunisia: 9 snakes — Tunisia (exchange) 

Doty, Dr. Maxwell S., Honolulu: 
181 insects — Oregon (gift) 

Drake, Dr. Carl J., Ames, Iowa: 
63 insects — United States, Puerto Rico, 
and New Caledonia (gift) 

Dreisbach, R. R., Midland, Michi- 
gan: 6 beetles — Colorado and Michigan 

Duever, Michael, Chicago: rattle- 
snake — Illinois (gift) 

Dunn, Mrs. Emmett Reid, Bryn 
Mawr, Pennsylvania: 458 reptiles and 
amphibians — Central and South Amer- 
ica (gift) 

Eigsti, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
28 fleas— Nebraska (gift) 

Fernald, Mrs. Charles, Chicago: 
passenger pigeon — North America (gift) 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 8 caecilians — locality un- 
known (gift) 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 
1,036 insects — United States (gift); 
2,300 reprints and small seperata on 
true bugs (gift) 

Gifford, Cameron E., South West- 
port, Massachusetts: snake, frog, and 
[with Loren P. Woods] 4 lots of cave 
Crustacea — Indiana (gift) 

Greenhall, Arthur M., Port-of- 
Spain, Trinidad: fish, 21 snakes — Trini- 
dad (gift) 

Gregg, Richard T., Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana: 84 fishes — Mexico (gift) 

Gres, Carlota, Princess Sigismund 
of Prussia, Barranca, Costa Rica: 
snake — Costa Rica (gift) 

Grobman, Dr. Arnold B., Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 2 salamanders — Virginia 

Grove Avenue School, Barrington, 
Illinois: bird — Illinois (gift) 

Grow, Raymond, Gary, Indiana: 
4 birds — Indiana (gift) 

Guimaraes, Dr. Lindolpho, Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: 14 batflies — Brazil and 
United States (gift) 

Hand, Miss La Verne, Chicago: 
8,000 lots of shells— worldwide (gift) 

Hanson, E. J., Lawrence, Kansas: 
2 insects — Utah (gift) 

Hawaii, Board of Commissioners 
of Agriculture and Forestry, Bu- 
reau of Pest Control, Honolulu: 
4 beetles — Africa, Central America, and 
Fiji Islands (exchange) 

Heether, C. E., Skokie, Illinois: 
fresh-water clam — Illinois (gift) 

Holub, Dr. Hans, Kalimantan- 
Barat, Indonesia: lot of apple-snails, 
17 reptiles and amphibians, 3 fishes — 
Indonesia (gift) 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
1,075 mammals, 467 reptiles and am- 
phibians, 156 birds, 80 fishes, 3 insects 
— Egypt, Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, 
Sudan, and Afghanistan (gift) 

Howden, Dr. Henry, Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 5 beetles — United States 
and Mexico (gift) 

Illinois, University of, Museum 
of Natural History, Urbana: 43 rep- 
tiles and amphibians — Mexico and 
United States (exchange) 

Institut Royal des Sciences 
Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels: 
7 reptiles and amphibians — Brazil, 
Belgian Congo, Europe (exchange); 
3 beetles — New Caledonia (exchange) 

Iraq Natural History Museum, 
Baghdad: jackal skeleton — Iraq (gift) 

Jacobson, Morris K., Rockaway, 
New York: 14 inland shells — Peru (gift) 

Klappenbach, Miguel A., Monte- 
video, Uruguay: 83 landshells — Brazil 

Koch, Karl Ludwig, Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: 4 snakes, 7 lizards 
— Spain (exchange) 

Krauss, N. L. H., Honolulu: 5 lizards 
— Tongo Island and Phoenix Island 
(gift); 2 frogs — Mexico (gift) 

Krekeler, Dr. Carl, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 20 cave beetles — Indiana and 
Kentucky (gift) 

Leach, E. R., Piedmont, California: 
22 beetles— California (gift) 

Levy, Seymour H., Tucson, Arizona: 
lizard — Illinois (gift) ; bird — Texas (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: black 
bear — North America (gift) 

List, Dr. James, Chicago: 3 worm- 
snakes — United States (exchange) 

Lowrie, Lieutenant Commander 
Donald C., FPO, San Francisco: 41 
reptiles and amphibians — Ryukyu 
Islands (gift); 5 mammals — Okinawa 

McMillan, James G., Winnetka, 
Illinois: insect — Illinois (gift) 

Mertz, David, Chicago: 30 snakes 
— Ohio and Ontario (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Museum 
of Zoology, Ann Arbor: 514 lots of 


lower invertebrates — Canada and New 
Hebrides (gift) 

Minton, Dr. Sherman, Indianapolis: 
111 reptiles and amphibians (gift) 

Moyer, Jack T., Hamilton, New 
York: 2 mammals, 193 birds— Japan 
and Korea (gift) 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales "Bernardino Rivadivia," 
Buenos Aires: 15 mammals — Argentina 

Museo de Historia Natural, 
Montevideo, Uruguay: 3 lots of fresh- 
water clams — Uruguay (exchange) 

Museum and Art Gallery, Durban, 
Natal, Union of South Africa: bird — 
South Africa (gift) 

Museum National d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Paris: 26 frogs — Africa 

Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, 
Basel, Switzerland: frog — Angola (ex- 

Necker, Mr. and Mrs. Walter L., 
Chesterton, Indiana: 21 lots of fresh- 
water and marine Crustacea — United 
States and Mexico (gift) 

Netterstrom, R., Ostersund, Swe- 
den: 4 mammals — Sweden (exchange) 

Niceforo Maria, Hermano, Bo- 
gota, Colombia: 194 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Colombia (gift) 

Nicholas, Vestal R., Kokomo, 
Indiana: 12 fresh-water clams — Indiana 

Ohio State University, Columbus: 
13 beetles — United States (exchange) 

Old, William E., Jr., Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia: 11 lots of landshells — Virginia 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, 
Illinois: 12,604 insects — worldwide 
(mostly United States) (gift) 

Paxson, Dillwyn, Fort Smith, 
Arkansas: 2 sturgeon fry — Wisconsin 

Pearson, Mrs. Harry C, Indianola, 
Iowa: African-elephant hide — Africa 

Pilsbry, Dr. Henry A., Phila- 
delphia: fresh- water clam — Mexico 

Rand, Mrs. Austin L., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 33 inland mollusks — Ten- 
nessee (gift) 

Raney, Dr. Edward C, Ithaca, 
New York: 2 fishes — North Carolina 

Reed, Dr. Charles A., Chicago: 
mammal — Washington (gift) 

Rogers, Mrs. R. J., Chicago: land- 
shell — Miyoko Island, Ryukyu Islands 

Segal, Simon, Chesterton, Indiana: 
weasel — Illinois (gift) 

Selander, Dr. Richard B., Urbana, 
Illinois: 466 beetles — western United 
States and Mexico (gift) 

Snow, Dr. William, Wilson Dam, 
Alabama: 6 beetles — Alabama (ex- 

Stith, Colonel Richard B., Lacon, 
Illinois: trumpeter swan — North Amer- 
ica (gift) 

Tanner, Dr. Wilmar W., Provo, 
Utah: 2 lizards — Utah (exchange) 

Texas, University of, Dallas: 
7 fishes— Texas (gift) 

Trapido, Dr. Harold, Poona, India: 
mammal, 471 reptiles and amphibians 
— Panama (gift) 

Traylor, Miss Nancy, Winnetka, 
Illinois: crayfish, fish — Illinois (gift) 

United States Army, Fourth Army 
Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, 
Texas: 4 bats — United States (gift) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: 417 
fishes, 10 lots of lower invertebrates — 
Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and At- 
lantic Ocean (gift); and Seattle, Wash- 
ington: 3 fishes — North Pacific (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: giant deep-sea iso- 
pod — Tortugas Islands and Florida 

Walsh, Fraser, care of APO, San 
Francisco: 9 birds, 3 mammals, 33 in- 
sects — Formosa (gift) 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Lima, 
Peru: 36 shells — Peru (exchange); 57 
shells — Peru (gift) 

Wiebe, Miss Maidi, Maywood, 
Illinois: 2 lots of fresh-water mollusks 
— Wisconsin (gift) 

Williams, Louis 0., Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: salamander — Costa Rica 

Wisconsin, University of, Madison : 
bird — Wisconsin (exchange) 

Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 3 fishes and [with Cameron E. 
Gifford] 4 lots of cave Crustacea — 
Indiana (gift) 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 50 butter- 
flies and moths — Mexico (gift) 

Yokoyama, Dr. Katsuyuki, Chicago : 
5 salamanders — Illinois (gift) 



Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Made by Division of Photography: 

7,821 negatives, 12,950 prints, 1,180 

enlargements, 200 lantern slides, 290 
kodachromes, 8 transparencies 


Coronet Films, Chicago: "China: 
The Land and the People" (525-foot 
color-sound film) — purchase 

Film Associates, Los Angeles — 
"Animal Habitats" (400-foot color- 
sound film) — purchase 

International Film Bureau, 
Chicago — "Putting Animals in Groups" 
(500-foot color-sound film) — purchase 

Donors (Institutions) 

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago 

The John Crerar Library, Chicago 

Korean Mission to the United Nations, 
New York 

Museum of Modern Art, New York 
World Book Company, Taipei, Taiwan 

Donors (Individuals) 

Bullock, Dr. Dillman S., Museo 
Dillman S. Bullock, Angol, Chile 

Douglas, Mrs. Walter, Phoenix, 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 

Gardin, Jean Claude, Institut 
Frangaise d'Archeologie de 
Beyrouth, Beirut, Lebanon 

Haynie, Miss Nellie V., Elmhurst, 

Hoogstraal, Harry, care of American 

Embassy, Cairo, Egypt 

Izutsu, Gafu, Aburanokoji-Rokujyo, 
Kyoto, Japan 

Kobayashi, Keisuke, Shinohara- 
kitamachi, Nada-ku (Kokko), 
Kobe, Japan 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago 

Lindsay, Alexander, Oak Park, Illinois 

Mathews, M. M., Chicago 
Millar, John R., Skokie, Illinois 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., Gurnee, 


Smith, Mrs. Ellen T., Lake Forest, 

Somerville, Robert, Chicago 
Suttkus, Dr. Royal D., Department of 

Zoology, Tulane University of 

Louisiana, New Orleans 

Voth, Dr. Paul D., Department of 
Botany, University of Chicago, 

Wegner, Dr. Richard N., Director, 
Anatomisches Institut, Universitat 
Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany 
Weissmann, Herman, Chicago 
Wilson, Archie F., Short Hills, 
New Jersey 


Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift, Exchange, or Purchase) 


Adams, Harriet Isabel, Wild flowers of the British Isles (1907) 

Aldrovandi, Ulisse, Quadrupedum omnium bisulcorum historia (1621) 

Arkell, William Joscelyn, Jurassic geology of the world (1956) 

Aube, Charles, Monographia pselaphiorum, cum synonymia extricata . . . (1834) 

Barret, Charles, ed., The Pacific, ocean of islands [1950?] 

Bolk, Louis, Odontologische Studien, 3 v. (1913-19) 

Breuning, Stephan, Monographic der Gattung Carabus L., 7 pts. (bound in 1 v.) 

British Museum (Natural History). Department of Zoology. Catalogue of the 

lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). 2nd ed. 3 v. (1885-87) 
Clarke, Charles Baron, Comnrelynaceae et cyrtandraceae Bengalenses (1874) 
Christensen, Carl, Den danske botaniks historie, 2 v. in 3 pts. (1924-26) 
Curvier, Georges, baron, and Achille Valenciennes, Histoire naturelle des poissons 

Deecke, Wilhem, Die Fossilisation (1923) 
Eichwald, Eduard, Fauna Caspio-Caucasia (1841) 
Ferris, Gordon Floyd, Atlas of scale insects, 6 v. (1937-53) 
Fries, Bengt Fredrik, C. V. Ekstrom, and Carl Jacob Sundevall, A history of 

Scandinavian fishes, 2 v. and atlas of 53 colored plates (1892-95) 
Goldfuss, Georg August, Vergleichende Naturbeschreibung der Sdugethiere (1809) 
Hagmeier, Arthur, and Clemens Kiinne, Die Nahrung der Meerestiere (1950) 
Handbuch der Seefischerei Nordeuropas, v. 1 (1951), v. 2 (1936) 
Hart, Henry Chichester, Some account of the fauna and flora of Sinai . . . (1891) 
Heyne, Alexander, and Otto Taschenberg, Die exotischen Kdfer in Wort und Bild 

Jordan, Hermann Jacques, Allgemeine vergleichende physiologie der Tiere (1929) 
Latreille, Pierre Andre, Families naturelles du Regne animal . . . (1825) 
Linnean Society of London, Lectures on the development of taxonomy . . . 19^8-19^9, 

and lectures on the practice of botanical and zoological classification, 1 9^9-1 950 

Mander, Linden A., Some dependent peoples of the South Pacific (1954) 
Milne-Edwards, Henri, Elemens de zoologie ou lecons sur V anatomie, la physiologie, 

la classification et les moeurs des animaux, 4 v. (1840-43) 
Nida, Eugene Albert, Customs and cultures (1954) 
Oliver, Douglas L., A Solomon Island society (1955) 
Phillipps, William John, Carved Maori houses (1955) 
Pritchard, James Bennett, Ancient Near Eastern texts relating to the Old Testament 

Romer, Alfred Sherwood, Vertebrate paleontology, 2nd ed. (1945) 
Rupertsberger, Mathias, Die biologische Literatur iiber die Kdfer Europas von 1880 

an. (1894). Biologic der Kdfer Europas . . . (1880). 2 v. 
Schlesier, Erhard, Die Erscheinungsformen des Mannerhauses und das Klubwesen 

in Mikronesien (1953) 
Weigelt, Johannes, Rezente Wirbeltierleichen und ihre palaobiologische Bedeutung 

Wertheim, Willem Frederik, Indonesian society in transition: a study of social 

change (1956) 
Wingert, Paul Stover, Art of the South Pacific islands (1953) 
, The sculpture of Negro Africa (1950) 



Anthropological Society of Hawaii. News from the Pacific (1956 — ) 

Baileya: a quarterly journal of horticultural taxonomy, v. 1 — (1953 — ) 

Bulletin Volcanologique. Serie II. v. 1 — (1937 — ) 

Fauna SSSR. N.S. v. 12 (1937); v. 22 (1940); v. 24 (1941); v. 25 (1940); v. 26 

(1941); v. 47 (1951); v. 53 (1952); v. 60 (1955); v. 63 (1956) 
Fauna van Nederland. v. 1 — (1927 — ) 
Oesterreichische botanische zeitschrift. v. 15, 39, 40, 46-55 (1865, 1889, 1890, 1896- 

Revue francaise d'entomologie. t. 21 — (1954 — ) 

Royal Entomological Society of London. Transactions, v. 96 — (1946 — ) 
Schweizer Entomologischer Anzeiger. v. 1-5 (1922-26) 
Societe Royale entomologique de Belgique, Brussels. Bulletin et Annates, v. 81 — 

South Pacific. (1956—) 

Die Tropische Natuur. v. 7, 11, 18-24 (1919-35) 

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Micronesian Monthly. (1956 — ) 
The weekly entomologist. 3v. (1862-63) 
Wiedemann, Christian Rudolph Wilhelm, ed. Archiv fur zoologie und zootomie. 

v. 1-4 (1800-1805) 
Zeitschrift fur Lepidopterologie. v. 1-3 (1950-55) 



Chang Yiian-chi and others, Po-na pen erh-shih-ssu shih [the Po-na edition of the 
24 Standard Histories, published as the history section of the Ssii-pu Ts'ung- 
k'an], 820 v. (1930-37) 

Republic of China. Ministry of Education [publisher and donor], Hsien-tai 
kuo-min chi-pen chih-shih [a collection of over 200 volumes, in three series, 
covering a wide variety of topics relevant to Chinese history and culture] 


Academia Sinica (Chung-kuo K'o-hsueh Yuan), Huihsien fa-chileh pao-kao [report 

of excavations at Huihsien in Honan Province] (1956) 
Ch'ang, Jen-hsia, Han-hua yi-shu yen-chiu [a study of Han-period tomb art] (1955) 

Chao Wan-li, Han Wei Nan-pei-ch'ao mu-chih chi-chieh [an annotated collection 
of stone inscriptions from the Han, Wei, and Northern and Southern 
Dynasties periods] (1956) 

Ch'in T'ing-yu, Chung-kuo ku-tai t'ao-su yi-shu [illustrated catalogue of earthen- 
ware figurines from the periods Han to T'ang (1956) 

Ch'uan-kuo chi-pen chien-she kung-ch'eng chung ch'u-t'u wen chan-lan t'u-lu [illus- 
trated catalogue of an exhibition of antiquities unearthed in the course of 
national construction work] (1955) 

Kuo Jo-yu, Mo-yin chuan-hua [illustrations of tomb bricks from Chints'un, near 
Loyang, and representative of the Warring States period] (1954) 

Li Hsin-nan, Ming chin [reproductions of figured satins of the Ming period] (1955) 

Liu K'ai-ch'u, Chung-kuo ku-tai tiao-su chi [illustrations of sculptured and modeled 
figurines from the periods Han to Ming] (1955) 

Pei Wen-chung, Chung-kuo shih-ch'i shih-tai te wen-hua [the paleolithic and neo- 
lithic in China] (1955) 


Peking Historical Museum, Chung-kuo ku-tai ch'i-ch'i t'u-an hsiian [selected 

designs from the lacquerware found in tombs at Ch'angsha, Hunan, and 

representative of the State of Ch'u during the Warring States period] (1955) 

Wen Yu, Ku t'ung-ku t'u-lu [illustrated catalogue of ancient bronze drums] (1954) 

Yin Huan-chang, Hua-tung hsin shih-ch'i shih-tai yi-chih [neolithic sites in 

eastern China] (1955) 


Chang An-p'u, Kuangtung yii-ti ch'iian-t'u [a comprehensive atlas of Kuangtung 

Province] (1898) 
Ch'en Pai-tao, Tungkuan-hsien chih [the local history of Tungkuan-hsien in 

Kuangtung Province] (1921) 
Hsi Pao-kan and others, Foshan-chung-yi chih [the local history of Foshan-chung-yi 

district in Kuangtung Province] (1923) 



Dai-hyakka jiten [an encyclopedic dictionary] 

Dai Nippon jimmei jisho [a Japanese biographical dictionary in five volumes] (1937) 

Nippon chimei dai-jiten [a Japanese geographical dictionary in six volumes] (1939) 


Representative anthropological periodicals from the Chinese mainland, Taiwan, 
Japan, Hongkong, Indochina, and the Philippines 




Marshall Field* 

Ayer, Edward, E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall* 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 



Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 
Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Beyer, Professor H. O. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 
Field, Stanley 

Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 


Field, Marshall 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Judson, Clay 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P. Georges 

Humbert, Professor 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 
Buchen, Walther 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

* deceased 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Bensabott, R. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H. 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 


Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 
Charles H.* 

Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Mrs. Claire S. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 


CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Re veil, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Telling, Miss Elisabeth 
Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Solis, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blaschke, Stanley Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Carman, Dr. J. Ernest 
Clyborne, Harry Vearn 
Clyborne, MaryElizabeth 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F.* 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C* 
Dybas, Henry S. 

* deceased 

Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 

Gerhard, William J. 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Hand, Miss La Verne 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 
Lundelius, Dr. Ernest 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Odell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Park, Dr. Orlando 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse, Langdon* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P. 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Searle, John G. 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thome 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E.* 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 
Trier, Robert 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P. 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 

Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell, L. 


Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Blair, Wm. McCormick Calderini, Charles J. 

Chadboume, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 



Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

McBain, Hughston M. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 


Field, Marshall 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, Lester 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Birdsall, Mrs. Carl A. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 


Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gowing, J. Parker 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 

Levy, Mrs. David M. 

Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 


LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 

Swift, Harold H. 

Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Veatch, George L. 

Waller, Richard A. 
Wanner, Harry C. 

Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Fernald, Charles 
Field, Marshall 


Gardner, Robert A. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 

Logan, Spencer H. 
Uihlein, Edgar J. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $1 00 to the Museum 

Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Sardeson, Orville A. 
Shirey, D wight 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Weaver, Mrs. Lydia C. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbell, Maxwell 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 

Adamson, Henry T. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 

Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 

Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, J. W. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 



Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

William A. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Atwood, Philip T. 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Baer, David E. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. John S. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 

Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckstrom, Miss 

Lucile M. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 
Berens, Dr. David G. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 

Binder, Miss Kay 
Bingham, Carl G. 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bittrich, Miss Grace 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boal, Thomas 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borcherdt, Mrs. 

Robert T. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Mrs. John 

Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Arthur S. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 



Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Isadore 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunsvold, Mrs. 

Henrietta A. 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buehler, Robert 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Edmund L. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 

Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 

Burry, William 

Bush, Earl J. 

Bush, Mrs. William H. 

Butler, Paul 

Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 

Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Campbell, John Noble 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carmell, Daniel D. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Carton, Alfred T. 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 

Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clements, George L. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Coates, John M. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collier, Mrs. Corina 

Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooley, Gordon A., Sr. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 



Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Costanzo, Dr. 

Vincent A., Jr. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Creange, A. L. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Criel, Theodore A., Jr. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Crooks, Harry D. 
Cross, Robert C. 
Crowley, C. A. 
Crown, Robert 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Wendell 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 

David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles 0. 
De Costa, Lewis M. 
de Dardel, Carl O. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
De Vries, David 
De Witt, Dennis 
Dick Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 


William R., Jr. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Dole, John L. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 

Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudak, Mrs. Anna 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Ehlers, Clarence P. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Howard 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
English, Harold 
English, William L. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 



Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Esgar, R. Rea 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Everett, William S. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs. B. J. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Feiwell, Morris E. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Mrs. 

Edward R. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 

Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, William 
Freidlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Fulton, Paul C. 
Furry, William S. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Sheridan 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 

Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glade, David Bruce 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Godley, Mrs. John M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golber, David 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Douglas 



Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Stepehn S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin 0. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 

Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Harding, John Cowden 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Hart, Henry N. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. 0. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 
Haugen, Bernhart 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 

Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Florence G. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Rolwood R. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Hoffman, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollins, Gerald 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 



Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hooper, Miss Frances 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 

Igoe, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Jansey, Dr. Felix 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Norman E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Dr. Fiske 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, J. Morris 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 

Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris, I. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenny, Henry 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Kent, Robert H. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 



Kimball, Paul C. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knight, Howard 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson O. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kraus, William C. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kroeschell, Robert A. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtzon, Morris 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Laflin, Miss June 

Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Laflin, Miss Mary 

Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langdon, Lawrence E. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leahy, James F. 
Lea veil, James R. 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Robert O. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leighton, George N. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Lennon, George W. 

Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodsworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Tourneau, Mrs. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Levi, Julian H. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebenson, Harold A. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludgin, Earle 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 



Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Mackoff, Mrs. Saul 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majka, F. L. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Maling, Albert 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marker, Van E. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Adolf 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 

Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McCloud, Thomas W. 
McClun, John M. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLennan, Donald R., Jr. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Mehan, Mrs. Georgette 
Meidell, Harold 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 

Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T., Jr. 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, John F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moeller, George 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 



Mossman, John E. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neskow, Dr. Peter S. Y. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norem, Mrs. Lawrence E. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nufer, Eugene F. 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 

Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Offield, Wrigley 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Gustaf 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff , Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
O'Rourke, Mrs. Harry J. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 

Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Thomas A. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Mrs. Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Perry, William A. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, William O. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth F. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plochman, Cordelia G. 
Plummer, Comer 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Pope, John W. 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 



Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Prall, Bert R. 
Pray, Max 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ratner, Walter B. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farnsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regensburger, R. W. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reid, Robert H. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 

Remy, Mrs. William 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Re Qua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Rinaldo, Philip S., Jr. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roebuck, Mrs. A. S. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romane, Julian J. (Pat) 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 

Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubinson, Kenneth Alan 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Runnells, John S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Arthur 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salk, Erwin A. 
Salk, Dr. Melvin R. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schick, Dr. Armin F. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 



Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Sharp, Carl J. 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 

Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Shumway, Spencer 

Sidley, William P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegel, David T. 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sieracki, Mrs. Anton 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles A. 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 

Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Frederich L. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spitz, Joel 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving, Sr. 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, John 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 



Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thornburn, John N. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Tockstein, Miss 
Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 

Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Trimble, Mrs. M. B. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 
Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Vanek, John C. 
Van Hagen, Miss 

Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Ness, C. Radford 
Van Schaak, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vette, J. L. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogl, Otto 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 

von Glahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Waldman, S. C. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watkins, George H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 



Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesby, Vernon L. 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, E. Todd 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Wicks, Russell M. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 

Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Williamson, Mrs. Jack A. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, D. H. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 

Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. Rollin D. 
Wood, William G. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woolman, John S. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Elmer K. 
Zork, David 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 

Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 

Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Beckman, Victor A. 
Beckman, William H. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 

Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Davis, Dr. Nathan S., Ill 

Erickson, Donovan Y. 

Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Fischel, Frederic A. 


Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Gwinn, William R. 

Hallmann, Herman F. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Hurd, Ferris E. 

Jarrow, Harry W. 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 

Kurtz, W. O. 

Lavezzorio, N. J. 

Llewellyn, Paul 

MacMullen, Dr. Delia M. 
Malone, William H. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McVoy, John M. 

Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 

O'Toole, Bartholomew 

Pearse, Langdon 
Peter, William F. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rushton, Joseph A. 



DECEASED 1956 (continued) 

Sammons, Wheeler 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 

Spitz, Leo 

Stein, L. Montefiore 

Taylor, William G. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Tilt, Charles A. 

Walpole, S. J. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Wilson, H. B., Sr. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Baxter, George R. 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 
Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Droste, Albert C. 

Hagerty, Kenneth A. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 
Vas, Gabriel N. 
Phillips, Montagu Austin Whipple, Miss Velma D. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Ashe, Clayton 
Austin, Edwin C. 

Baldwin, Rosecrans 
Ball, Clayton G. 
Berwanger, Jay 
Betts, David H. 
Bliss, Vincent R. 

Cathcart, Silas S. 

Dick, A. B., Ill 
Dry, Meyer 
Duclos, George A. 

Farley, Preston 

Guilbault, Joseph E. 

Haas, Albert F. 
Hartman, Dr. Robert R. 
Hume, Patrick H. 
Hunt, Jarvis 

Jacobson, A. J. 
Johnson, John H. 
Jonswold, C. R. 

Kaiser, Dr. George D. 

Matthews, Stewart B. 
Michels, Robert D. 
Minas, Karl K. 


Lay, Mrs. Edward P. 

Morgan, John Alden 

Ott, John Nash, Jr. 

Plunkett, Paul M. 
Price, Mark 

Solinsky, R. S. 
Sorensen, T. R. 
Stanhaus, Wilfrid X. 

Tibbitts, Douglas E. 

Van Koert, Lewis I. 

Winslow, Seth L. 



Those who contribute $1 annually to the Museum 

Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abel, Miles L. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Abrams, Burton R. 
Abrams, Dr. Herbert K. 
Abrams, Irving S. 
Abrams, James Ross 
Ackermann, Kurt J. 
Adams, Mrs. Anne 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Ader, David L. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Howard 
Adsit, Harold C. 
Aeby, Miss Jacquelyn 
Ahern, Edwin W. 
Ahlfeld, William J. 
Aishton, Richard A. 
Aitken, Gordon 
Akerhaugen, Alfred 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberding, Charles 

Albiez, George 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Alford, Lore W. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Hubert E. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allison, Anthony G. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Carlyle E. 
Anderson, Francis M. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Anderson, R. H. 
Anderson, Roy T. 
Anderson, William A. 
Andrews, C. Prentiss 
Anger, Frank G. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Appel, Dr. David M. 
Archer, Ralph C. 

Arneson, Mrs. H. D. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, Herbert R. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Auerbach, Lester S. 
Aurelio, Anthony J. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Austin, L. R. 
Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Ayers, William P. 

Backman, C. E. 
Baechle, Carl 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bagley, A. B. 
Bahr, Carl W. 
Bailey, George E. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baird, J. Kenneth 
Baker, Bruce 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baker, Robert C. 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Baldwin, Benjamin 
Ballard, E. E. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 

Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Banks, Dr. Seymour 
Barancik, Maurice A. 
Barber, H. B. 
Barclay, Harold 
Barclay, Dr. Paul S. 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barden, Horace G. 
Barke, Oscar, A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, Robert Clyde 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 

Barlow, John T. 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barnett, Mitchell N. 
Barnett, Mrs. Orville T. 
Barnett, Stephen D. 
Barney, Albert S. 
Barnow, David H. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, William A. 
Barrett, Lawrence H. 
Barriger, John W., Ill 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Bartels, Miss Nell 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Arthur H. 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bates, Dr. Alvin F. 
Bates, Bennitt E. 
Batey, John W., Jr. 
Bauer, Eugene C. 
Baum, Dr. Hugo C. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 
Bavelaar, William D. 
Baxt, David B. 
Baxter, Miss Edith P. 
Baxter, John H. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beasley, Milton R. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Edward C. 
Beckett, James D. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beigel, Herbert A. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belden, V. R. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Bell, Arthur 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Bell, Charles M. 
Bell, D. C. 
Bell, Mrs. John C. 
Bell, Dr. Julius N. 
Bellmar, Miss Lucinda 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benner, Miss Harriet 
Bennett, Clinton C. 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benz, John E. 
Berens, Edward P. 
Bergdahl, Hal A. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Seymour 
Bernsohn, A. W. 
Bernstein, Saul 
Bert, Vernon J. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessey, William 
Betz, Carl E. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bick, Carl A. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bidwill, Arthur J. 
Biedermann, Leo F. 
Bielefeld, Herbert J. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Bikle, W. E. 
Billings, Fred G. 
Billings, Marshall L. 
Bindenagel, Wilbur E. 
Birch, Dr. George W. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Birndorf, B. A. 
Bish, Raymond H. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bixby, Frank L. 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 

Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Samuel W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, E. Henry 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenfeld, Robert 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blumenthal, Dr. Irving 
Blumenthal, Milton M. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Bodman, Robert E. 
Bodman, W. S. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Boe, A. R. 
Boe, E. O. 
Bohrer, Mason L. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bonifield, Charles 
Bonniwell, Donald R. 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bower, George L. 
Bower, Dr. Paul L. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, Frederick M. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyar, Sidney L. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, R. G. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brady, Michael J. 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandenburg, John A. 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Leslie A. 
Brandt, Richard C. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brann, Mrs. Hedwig F. 
Brannan, Robert H. 
Braucher, Ralph L. 
Braun, E. J. 
Braun, James L. 
Braun, Dr. Milton 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Bregar, Hymen H. 

Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brennan, Alfred J. 
Brent, John F. 
Brewer, Dr. Charles W. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridgeman, Wallace C. 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briehl, Dr. Walter 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Brock, William N. 
Brockett, R. M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Bromberg, Benjamin 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Broska, Joseph 
Brosseit, George E. 
Broutman, Carl 
Brown, Adelbert 
Brown, Alexander 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, C. Foster, Jr. 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Paul W. 
Brown, Richard P., Jr. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Browne, Aldis J., Jr. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Brownell, Miss Beryl 

Bruce, A. D. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Buchanan, L. B. 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buchbinder, Robert 
Buchbinder, Sidney 
Buckels, Charles K. 
Buckley, Homer J. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Buddington, Robert M. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buehler, A. C, Jr. 
Buge, William R. 
Buhring, Albert G. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Bunn, C. M. 
Bunn, William F. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burd, James E. 
Burg, Charles J. 
Burg, Harry 
Burge, Philip W. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burke, James E. 
Burke, James O. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnham, Mrs. 

Daniel H. 
Burns, Peter T. 
Burns, William J. 
Burrell, D. H., Ill 
Burroughs, John L. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burwell, Mrs. Dorothy M . 
Butler, Burtram B. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Button, B. B., Jr. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Mrs. Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, O. E. 
Cahill, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Cahill, Mrs. C. N. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Cairnes, W. E. 
Calhoun, James L. 
Callan, T. J. 
Caloger, Philip D. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camino, Dr. Rudolph 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Mrs. C. C. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Colin L. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlen, Raymond N. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carlton, Howard A. 
Carpenter, Herbert R. 

Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, Albert J. 
Carr, Ernest J. 
Carr, Mrs. Robert F. 
Carroll, J. B. 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Casella, Mrs. Caroline 
Caselli, Terry 
Caserta, Dr. John A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassidy, Clayton G. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cella, John L. 
Cervenka, Carl 
Chase, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, George R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chapin, Mrs. E. 

Chapman, Dave 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chatterton, John C. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chester, W. T. 
Chiara, Anthony R. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, Robert 

Childs, William C. 
Chrisman, Roswell H. 
Christener, Ernest W. 
Christensen, John W. 
Christian, John F. 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Churan, Miss Jessie 
Church, Freeman S. 
Claire, Richard S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Herbert B. 
Clark, Miss Herma 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, H. G. 
Clarke, Miss Lorena 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clarke, Dr. T. Howard 
Clarkson, John L. 
Clary, Joseph F. 
Cleaver, J. Benjamin 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 

Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Cody, James P. 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coffey, John J., Jr. 
Coffield, J. Robert 
Cogan, Bernard, J. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, I. Milton 
Cohn, Mrs. Rose B. 
Coladarci, Peter 
Colbert, Charles A. 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, Bruce M. 
Cole, M. M. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Colegrove, Miss 

Charlotte A. 
Coles, Mrs. Ross 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Colwell, Clyde B., Jr. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Compere, Newton L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conedera, Henry 
Conlin, Andrew F. 
Conlon, Mrs. F. Patrick 
Conlon, William F. 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connery, John M. 
Conrad, Mrs. Florence 
Considine, Dan J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Conte, Richard N. 
Converse, Lester B. 
Conway, Hayden F. 
Cook, Harry L. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooke, William H. 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, George J. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Corbin, Harold 

Harlow, Jr. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cotterman, I. D. 
Cottle, Dr. Maurice H. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coursen, Charles B. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, Edward E. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowan, Ralph 
Cowen, Dr. Jack P. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, G. R. 
Cox, Dr. Henry L. 
Coy, C. Lynn 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Crain, G. D. Jr. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crane, Ben T. 
Crane, Earl D. 
Crane, Frederick S., Jr. 
Crane, George M. 
Cravens, Mrs. Thomas R. 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, Robert A. 
Crawford, W. F. 
Crawford, Wallace L. 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crisp, Marion Cole 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Cross, W. D., Jr. 
Crowson, George M. 
Cuca, James A. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culbertson, John Carey 
Culbertson, S. A., II 
Culhane, Martin A. 
Cullen, J. A. 
Cullinan, George J. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Thomas N. 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, James H. 
Curry, James L. 
Curtis, Glenn R. 
Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 

Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cutter, Charles F. 

Daggett, Miss Dorothy 
Dahlberg, Theodore L. 
Dalkoff, Seymour 
Dahlin, Carl A. 
Daly, James J. 
Daniels, Draper 
Daniels, Herbert 
Darby, John H. 
Darner, Walter L. 
Darling, Walter L. 
Darrow, William W. 
Daspit, Walter 
Dato, Edwin E. 
Dauwalter, F. Schuyler 
David, Morton A. 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, D. E. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, George T. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dawes, Charles C. 
Dawson, Dr. I. Milton 
Dawson, Ira T. 
Dean, John S. 
Debs, Mrs. Jerome H. 
De Camp, W. E. 
De Cesare, Joseph 
Dechert, Curt H. 
De Costa, H. J. 
Dedmon, R. Emmett 
Dee, P. J. 

Delaney, Frederick A. 
De Larye, Dr. William L. 
De Lay, Frank P. 
De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 
De Marke, George 
Delp, Larry 
Demme, Joseph P. 
Demos, Peter T. 
De Motte, R. J. 
Deneen, Miss Florence 
Denemark, A. F. 
Denman, Walter W. 
Dennehy, John I. 
Dennis, Joseph W. 
De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Deree, William S. 
Dern, James G. 
Derry, Joshua J. D. 

Desgrey, Charles W. 
De Tolve, Anthony J. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
De Vuono, Frank 
De Witt, Clyde F. 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton O. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, R. C. 
Diggins, Eugene V. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dittrich, F. J. 
Dixon, Lyman W. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Doan, Francis M. 
Dobek, Edward W. 
Dobkin, I. 

Dockendorf, Miss Phyllis 
Dockendorf, Mrs. Vivian 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Dolan, Tom 
Domville, Mrs. 

Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donham, Edward F. 
Donoghue, James V. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dorsey, John K. 
Doss, James M. 
Doty, William M. 
Doucette, Robert J. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, Richard W. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Miss Alvertta 
Drake, Charles R. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Dubin, Joseph 
Duff, Philip G. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Duncan, C. W. 
Duncan, J. Russell 
Dunkle, Raymond M., Jr. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Durbin, Winfield T. 
Durham, F. J. 
Durham, William E. 
Durrie, Paul H. 
Duty, J. E. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earlandson, Ralph O. 
Earley, Mrs. Daisy 
Early, Preston H. 
Eaton, Mrs. Harry 

Ebzery, Mrs. Angela 
Eck, Donald R. 
Eckert, Frank M. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edes, Francis D. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Edwards, Dr. Eugene A. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Edwards, Herman C. 
Egan, A. J. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 
Eiberg, Miss Alice 
Eiberg, Miss Olga 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisendrath, David C. 
Eisenhower, Earl D. 
Eismann, William 
Elden, A. D. 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Eldred, Miss Mary W. 
Elf ring, George E. 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Ellies, E. E. 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, F. F. 
Ellis, Mrs. Benjamin F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Franklin Courtney 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph E. 
Ellner, L. A. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Elver, Thomas 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V. 
Engstrom, L. E. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epeneter, J. 0. 
Epson, Albert J. 
Epsteen, Dr. Casper M. 
Epstein, Harvey 
Epstein, Herman L. 
Epstein, Joseph 

Ercoli, Dr. N. 
Erichsen, Mrs. Anna 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erickson, William N. 
Ernst, Ralph Edmund 
Eschbach, Joseph E. 
Escudier, A. F. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esko, Sampson 
Euston, J. Howard 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Elwood H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Even, Francis A. 
Everett, Tolman G. 
Everote, Warren 
Evers, John W. 
Ewart, Cyril 
Ewen, Gordon H. 

Fagan, Miss Judith 
Fager, Raymond Alton 
Fagerson, Harold R. 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Kellogg 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Falk, Mrs. C. B. 
Falk, Ralph, II 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farber, Dr. Harry H. 
Farber, Lynn C. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farrell, Dr. Leonard F. 
Farris, Mitchel E. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fasano, Joseph F. 
Fasman, Irving D. 
Fasnacht, Rev. Walter L. 
Faulkner, Earle C. 
Faurot, Robert S. 
Faverty, Clyde B. 
Fee, S. L. 
Feely, Thomas P. 
Feinberg, Stanley K. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Fenemore, Miss 

Fenn, John F. 
Fensholt, A. H. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Ferguson, William E. 
Ferrall, James P. 

Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fey, Edward J. 
Fey, Dr. Richard W. 
Fiduccia, C. B. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Meyer 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Filerman, Arthur 
Files, E. S. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Finger, Mrs. Earl 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finkl, Alfred F. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Firth, M. S. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Bernard M. 
Fisher, Dr. Charles I. 
Fisher, Mrs. Charles 

Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Lafayette 
Fishman, Mrs. Harry 
Fishman, Henry 
Fishman, Isadore 
Fishman, Jacob M. 
Fishman, Dr. Jerome 
Fishman, Julius 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Mrs. Donald W. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzer, Joseph B. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Flagg, Miss Grace S. 
Flagg, Kenneth S. 
Flaherty, Miss Helen 
Flanagan, Dr. James B. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleischman, Miss Anne 
Fleischman, Bernard 
Fleischman, Philip A. 
Fleming, E. I. 
Fleming, Dr. James F. 
Flemming, Miss A. 
Flerlage, W. M. 
Flessor, Dr. Aristotle T. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, Kenyon S. 
Fletcher, Mrs. Mildred C. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Fletcher, V. J. 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Foell, W. J. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Ford, D. G. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Fort, George A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Foulks, E. E. 
Foulks, William 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earl B. 
Fox, Arthur E. 
Fox, Dr. Benum W. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, Miss Harriett E. 
Fox, John Jay, Jr. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Frale, Anthony M. 
Francis, Dean D. 
Frank, Albert 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Fred. W. 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Walter R. 
Franke, Allyn J. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Franklin, Ben L. 
Franklin, G. K. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freberg, Dr. Carl R. 
Freeark, Dr. Ray H. 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, John 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freudenfeld, Mrs. Silvia 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Dr. Eric 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friendlander, Max B. 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frost, Henry C. 
Frye, W. P. 

Fuchs, J. D. 
Fucik, E. Montford 
Fucik, Frank M. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Funderburg, Robert 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Futterer, CO. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, M. J. 
Gall, Frank 

Gallagher, Miss Alice H. 
Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Gallo, Alfred E. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gamble, E. Ross 
Gamm, Dr. Stanford R. 
Gannett, Gordon H., Jr. 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Garcia, Miss Mary 
Gardner, Edward E., Ill 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 
Garwacki, Dr. John H. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gatter, Lincoln O. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudian, Chester M. 
Gaudio, James C. 
Gaughan, Harry P. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Ruth K. 
Gearen, John J. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gee, James W. 
Gehlbach, H. Hunter 
Geist, Herbert 
Gell, Leon J. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genematas, William N. 
Geng, Arthur John 
Genge, Hugo V. 
Genther, Charles B. 
George, Nelson C. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Miss 

Margaret G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 

Gerber, Jossel 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Geter, Howard D., Sr. 
Gettleman, Arthur 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Jospeh P., Jr. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilmer, Frank B. 
Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaman, Miss 

Johanna C. 
Glassburg, Robert 
Glassenberg, Mrs. 

Glassner, James J. 
Gleave, Winston 
Glickman, Norman 
Glore, Hixon 
Glover, Chester L. 
Glover, Grange J. 
Gluck, Gerson I. 
Goddard, A. L. 
Godfrey, Thomas J. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Gold, Howard S. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John H. 
Goldsby, Fred L. 
Goldschmidt, M. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goldstandt, Milton A. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Arthur S. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Goode, Dr. Ralph C. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodfriend, S. L. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Edward 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gordon, Norman 
Gore, Mrs. Roston 
Gore, Samuel 
Gormley, John P. 
Gornick, Francis P. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Gossman, James L. 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gottschall, Robert V. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Graffis, William 
Graham, David 
Graham, Donald M. 
Graham, Gilbert T. 
Graham, Harold 
Graham, Dr. John P. 
Graham, Raymond J. 
Granger, Mrs. Denise 
Grannan, Emmet 
Grannis, Mrs. Dustin 
Grant, Gordon B. 
Grant, Joseph S. 
Grant, Louis Z. 
Grant, Paul 
Grassick, Donald D. 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 
Green, Burdett 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Mrs. George L. 
Greenberg, S. U. 
Green wald, Herbert S. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, James J. 
Grice, John E. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grimes, Don R. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grosscup, Edward E. 
Groves, Mrs. Northa P. 
Gruendel, George H. 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunderson, Gunnar E. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gurney, Francis H. 
Gurvey, Harry E. 
Gustafson, Carl 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 

Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 
Gyann, Gregory J. 

Haas, Howard G. 
Haake, Frederick J. 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Hajduk, Dr. John M. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Haley, Dr. Ronald G. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, John L. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Hallmann, Ernest H. 
Halvorson, Harold L. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. George B. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammond, James W. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handelsman, Mrs. 

Handtmann, G. E. 
Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Handzik, George J. 
Hanelin, Dr. Henry A. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hanna, John C. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hansen, James 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, Frank 
Harding, William H. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harrell, Mrs. Nina 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, John 

Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Herman 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Arthur C. 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Harrow, Joseph 
Hart, Chester C. 
Hart, Eugene G. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Henry A. 
Hart, James A. 
Hart, William G. 
Hartigan, Miss Catherine 
Hartigan, L. J. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartung, Miss 
Elizabeth M. 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, Emmett C. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harwood, Robert I. 
Harza, Mrs. Leroy F. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Hasek, Dr. V. O. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassler, Edwin B. 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauck, Cornelius J. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heath, William O. 
Heberling, W. S. 
Hebenstreit, Dr. K. J. 
Hecht, Frederick Charles 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heerey, Bernard A. 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heffron, Kenneth C. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heiland, John G. 
Hein, Leonard W. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Heineke, Paul H. 
Heineman, Ben W. 
Heinen, Dr. Helen 
Heinen, Dr. J. Henry, Jr. 
Heitz, George J. 
Helgason, Ami 
Hellman, M. E. 
Helmer, Hugh J. 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henkle, H. Douglas 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henningsen, Jack 
Henri, W. B. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herdrich, Ralph C. 
Herren, Wilson T. 
Herring, H. B. 
Herrschner, Frederick 
Hertz, J. H. 
Hertzman, Irving L. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heuser, Arthur W. 
Hewitt, Alfred G. 
Hibbs, A. E. 
Hickey, Matthew J., Jr. 
Higgins, Miss Margaret 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hilker, Mrs. Marion 
Hilkevitch, Dr. A. A. 
Hilkevitch, Dr. 

Benjamin H. 
Hill, Charles W. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, D. A. 
Hill, David A. 
Hill, Dormand S. 
Hill, Edward W. 
Hill, Hoyt S. 
Hill, Mrs. Ivan 
Hill, James J. 
Hill, John W. 
Hill, Kenneth V. 
Hill, Miss Marie 
Hillier, William H. 
Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hilton, Edward L. 
Hime, Horace C. 
Hindmarch, Alan 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hines, Clarence W. 
Hingson, George D. 
Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 
Hinman, Sturtevant 
Hinshaw, Joseph H. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 

Hirschfeld, Carl 
Hirsh, Herbert W. 
Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitshew, R. M. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hjerstedt, Anders E. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Charles H. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hobscheid, Fred J. 
Hochberg, Jerome J. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodgdon, Donald G. 
Hodges, F. Robert 
Hoehler, Fred K. 
Hoeltgen, Dr. 
Maurice M. 
Hoelzel, William N. 
Hoffman, A. C. 
Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Hokin, Edwin E. 
Hokin, Samuel E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holderby, Glen W. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, Arthur M. 
Holland, Cyrus E. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, M. J. 
Holleb, Marshall M. 
Holland, Morris Z. 
Hollander, Jack 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Hollis, Dr. Robert H. 
Holloman, L. C, Jr. 
Holmes, John B. 
Holmes, John S. 
Holtz, Paul W. 
Holzwart, Emil 
Homan, Joseph 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Dr. J. Gerald 
Hooper, Walter P. 
Hoover, James C. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horn, L. H. 
Hornburg, Arthur C. 
Home, Miss Helen D. 

Horner, Dr. Imre E. 
Homkohl, George R. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Hoshell, Robert J. 
Hossack, Arthur L. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 
Hough, Charles F. 
Houha, Vitus J. 
Houser, T. V. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Harvey H. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howard, Philip L. 
Howard, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Howe, William J. 
Hoy, Pat 

Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huettman, Fred 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, Frank W. 
Humm, Joseph 
Hummer, William B. 
Humphrey, Eugene X. 
Humphrey, Mrs. H. D. 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunnemann, Miss 

Alma M. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hunter, Lemuel B. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hutchings, John A. 
Hutchins, John S. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hyde, Milton E. 
Hyde, Mrs. Willis O. 
Hyer, W. G. T. 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, William P. 

Icely, Raymond L. 
Iker, Charles 
Impey, Charles E. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Ingram, Frank H. 
Insley, Robert 
Insolia, James V. 
Irwin, A. J. 
Isaacs, Roger D. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Isaacs, T. J. 
Isham, George S. 
Iversen, Lee 
Ives, George R. 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jacker, Norbert S. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Walter L. 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
Jaffe, Harry 
Jaffe, Julius C. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Janes, Otto 
Jarchow, Robert B. 
Jarecki, R. A. 
Jay, Richard H. 
Jelm, Theodore E. 
Jengel, George E. 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, B. J. 
Jennings, Charles A. 
Jennings, H. E. 
Jennings, Mrs. 

James W. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, Charles N. 
Jensen, James A. 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
John, Rex K., Jr. 
Johnson, Miss 

Donna Lee 
Johnson, Earl 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Emil T. 
Johnson, Harry G. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Howard J. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, N. Howard 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, Ray Prescott 
Johnson, Robert K. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Johnstone, Norman H. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, George W. 
Jones, Owen Barton 

Jones, Mrs. 

Walter Clyde, Sr. 
Jordan, C. R. 
Jordon, Castle W. 
Jordan, Horace W. 
Jordan, Dr. John W. 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Jostock, H. J. 
Joy, Mrs. Estelle 
Judd, William E. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Julin, G. Allan, Jr. 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurgatis, John P. 
Juzwick, E. A. 

Kadin, Dr. Milton M. 
Kahler, William V. 
Kahn, Mortimer I., Jr. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kamin, William C. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanelos, Frank S. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Kapov, John J. 
Kappler, Richard B. 
Karklin, Richard E. 
Karlin, Daniel 
Karlin, Irving M. 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Katz, Meyer 
Katz, William 
Kauffman, Theo., Jr. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keating, Thomas J. 
Keator, Harry F., Jr. 
Keck, Richard B. 
Keegan, Russell W. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 
Kegel, Mrs. Ruth 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kellberg, Robert A. 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Paul J. 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Alfred J. 

Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Dr. Frank B. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kelsey, J. D. 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kendall, Claude 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy, Taylor L. 
Kent, Edward C. 
Kenyon, Dr. A. T. 
Kerner, Otto 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kerr, William D. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kessler, Dr. Michael C. 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Ketzler, A. C. 
Kilberry, F. H. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kilgore, Ernest W. 
Kimball, Charles H. G. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kincaid, Dr. Clement J. 
Kincheloe, Samuel C. 
Kindahl, John O. 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, H. R. 
King, John D. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, Robert H. 
King, Willard L. 
King, William H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinne, Harry C, Sr. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kipnis, Samuel W. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirchheimer, Thomas 
Kittle, Mrs. CM. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klein, William P. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kline, Allan B. 
Kling, Leopold 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, John S. 
Knight, Lester B. 
Knourek, William M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Knowlson, J. S. 
Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 

Koczur, Dr. Joseph L. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koenigsberg, Max 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis 
Kolar, George G. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kolflat, Alf 

Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kolter, Dr. B. C. 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kot, Henry C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kovalick, W. W. 
Kozlik, Frank B. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Dr. George M. 
Kramer, Harry G., Jr. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Adolph 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Krebs, Walter O. 
Krehl, Rico B. 
Krensky, Arthur M. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kristof, James H. 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Dr. Henry E. 
Kritzer, Richard W. 
Kroch, Carl A. 
Kroeschell, Mrs. Roy 
Kroll, Harry 
Kropp, Raymond 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupnick, Samson 
Krzeminski, Stanley J. 
Kuchar, Mrs. Marie 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Keuhne, E. Richard 
Kuhnen, C. W. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
Kullman, F. H., Jr. 
Kunin, Maxwell 

Kurtz, George H. 
Kurtz, Mrs. Seymour J. 
Kurtz, William 0., Jr. 
Kutchins, Edmund 
Kuzmiak, William M. 

Lachman, Harold 
Lager holm, 

Ferdinand W. 
Laidlaw, John 
Laidlaw, John, Jr. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Mrs. 

Evalyn Walsh 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Charles W., Jr. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lamberton, R. H. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lancaster, Oscar L., Jr. 
Lance, O. C. 
Landau, S. J. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Lang, Gordon 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lapham, Fen ton D. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larson, Leslie S. 
Larson, Simon P. 
La Salle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Lasher, Willard K. 
Laterza, Michael F. 
Latham, Paul L. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Latta, Dr. Philip R. 
Latta, William B. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lauder, T. E. 
Lavedan, Pierre F. 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, William H. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, Edward N. 

Lee, John H. 
Leeb, Mrs. H. A. 
Leffler, F. O. 
Le Goff, Montgomery 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leigh, Kenneth G. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Lensing, Edward C, Jr. 
Lentine, James 
Leonard, Mrs. Ray W. 
Lerner, Al 
Lesch, Mrs. Isabel 

Leslie, Orren S. 
Levering, J. E. 
Levin, Bernard W. 
Levin, Louis 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levine, Bernard M. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Mrs. J. J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Ley, Richard J. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Lieb, Warren H. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lieber, Maury 
Lieber, Philip A. 
Lietz, T. W. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lighter, Willard C. 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 
Liljedahl, Miss Edna V. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillienfield, C. H. 
Limarzi, Dr. Louis R. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linn, Howard 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
List, Stuart 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Liszka, Stanley J. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litten, Chapin 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Littig, H. L. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Llewellyn, Karl N. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. Ross 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, William Bross, Jr. 
Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lock wood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Lodge, Robert H. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loebl, Jerrold 
Loehde, Mrs. William 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Logelin, Edward C. 
Logrbrinck, Edward 
Long, H. Dale 
Longwill, Donald E. 
Lonnes, Leon 
Lonnon, Raymond G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Lotz, Philip W. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loundy, Mrs. Mason A. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, Harold 
Love, Dr. J. S., Jr. 
Love, Wenzel J. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Lovell, Endicott R. 
Loventhal, William G. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Low, Mrs. Josiah O. 
Lowden, James E. 
Lowe, Edmund W. 
Lowe, Walter L. 
Lowe, William H. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Lubking, Mrs. John P. 
Ludlow, Mrs. 

Frederick Orr 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Ludvik, William 
Lueders, Ralph J. 
Luftig, Victor M. 
Luken, M. G., Jr. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luotto, Stefano 
Lurie, George S. 

Lurie, S. C. 
Luse, Mrs. D. Claude 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, V. Reges 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Dr. Samuel S. 
Lyons, Michael H. 
Lytle, Merwin Q. 

MacArthur, Donald 
MacArthur, Roger 
MacChesney, Chester M. 
MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, Edward E., Jr. 
Mack, John J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
Mackler, Dr. S. Allen 
Mackoff, Dr. Saul 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macomb, J. deNavarre 
Madden, John 
Maddock, Mrs. Walter G. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Maher, Dr. David 

Maher, James P. 
Maier, Miss Mary F. 
Main, Charles O. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Major, Frank A. 
Major, Ross O. 
Malato, Stephen A. 
Malina, Marshall 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, O. O. 
Mandel, Sidney W. 
Mangier, Fred J. 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D. V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Mannion, John F. 
Maranz, Leo S. 
Marchant, Miss Lillian 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margeson, Mrs. 

James P., Jr. 
Marion, F. O. 
Markey, Howard T. 

Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 
Markman, Simeon K. 
Marks, Ira G. 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marley, John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Martin, Alvah T. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Charles V. 
Martin, Eldon 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Maschgan, Dr. Erich R. 
Mashek, V. F., Jr. 
Mason, Charles M. 
Mason, Harvey R. 
Mason, J. A. 
Masse, Nicholas P. 
Massey, Richard W. 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathewson, Lynn L. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, H. M. 
Matter, Joseph A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Mauritz, Waldo 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, A. K., Jr. 
Maxwell, Robert E. 
Maxwell, W. R. 
Maxwell, W. Stirling 
Maxwell, Dr. William L. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Harold M. 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Maynard, John G. 
McArthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McAuliffe, J. D. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCall, Dr. I. R. 
McCallister, James 

McCann, Charles J. 
McCarl, David N. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloska, Fred W. 
McClung, Richard 
McClure, Robert A. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, E. R. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdy, Ray J. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, Mrs. Douglas 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McDowell, Thomas E. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McElroy, James D. 
McEvoy, Charles L. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGreevy, John A. 
McGreevy, R. E. 
McGreevy, Robert J. 
McGrew, Edwin H. 
McGuffin, James P. 
McGuire, E. F. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Calvin D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKnight, L. G. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaren, Richard W. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaury, Mrs. 

Walker G. 
McMahon, Daniel P. 
McManus, J. L. 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McTier, Samuel E. 
McVey, Dr. Emerson K. 

McWilliams, John C. 
Mead, Dr. Irene T. 
Meana, Mrs. Kaye 
Means, John L. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Mehn, Dr. W. Harrison 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Melchior, Roy F. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Mellum, Horace J. 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mendizabal, Dr. 

Mentzer, John P. 
Menzner, Mrs. 

Howard B. 
Mercer, C. W. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merker, George 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, James J. 
Mervis, David C. 
Mesenbrink, Paul H. 
Metcalfe, Mrs. Charles 
Metcoff, Eli 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Metz, Carl A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Charles A. 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Michaels, Allen C. 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michaels, Ralph 
Michalko, Edward 
Michels, Mrs. George W. 
Miehls, Don G. 
Mikucki, Chester F. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arthur J., Jr. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Dr. C. 0. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Dr. Cecelia E. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 

Miller, Henry E. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, Lloyd D. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Norman 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, Wesley C. 
Miller, Mrs. 

William W. 
Mills, Mrs. 

Dorothy Stone 
Mills, Walter B. 
Milne, Mrs. David H. 
Miner, Wesley A. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Moburg, Gerry 
Mohl, Arthur F. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mooney, Russell E. 
Mooney, Walter A. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Moran, Dr. Edward L. 
Moran, Frank W. 
Moran, J. Alfred 
Moran, James 
Morava, John H. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Carl F. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, G. Walker 
Morgan, K. P. 
Morgan, Laurence W. 
Morgan, Mark C. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morley, Miss Nelle B. 
Morley, Robert T. 
Moroni, Aldo L. 
Moroni, Harry E., Jr. 
Morris, Michael 
Morris, Milton H. 
Moss, Jerry 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulder, P. V. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Muckley, Robert L. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Muench, Hans 
Mugg, Charles L. 
Mulcahy, Mrs.Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullen, Dr. Joseph J. 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Mullin, Joseph L. 
Munnecke, Robert C. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munroe, Roy B. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, Edward F. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Michael P. 
Murphy, Stephen M. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myers, Miss Etha C. 
Myers, Harold B. 

Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nahmens, Paul M. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Naser, Charles F. 
Nash, Gordon B. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Joseph 
Nathan, Kenneth S. 
Nathan, Leonard 
Nathanson, Don Paul 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
Neeley, Albert E. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Neilson, Madison P. 
Nelson, Mrs. 

Arnold C, Jr. 
Nelson, C. E. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Mrs. Henri E. 
Nemeroff, Maurice 
Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 
Nesbitt, Fred H. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Newberg, Paul K. 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, C. G. 
Newton, Lee Craig 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblick, James F. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dwight 

Nickel, Walter J. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nielsen, George 
Nielsen, Marc T. 
Niemann, Henry H. 
Nietschmann, Walter 
Nilles, B. P. 
Nilsson, Adolph 
Nilsson, Erik 
Nippert, Louis 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Nixon, Charles A. 
Nixon, Kenneth R. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noel, Albert E. 
Noonan, William A., Jr. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norian, Richard 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
Norris, Ross A. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, Harold F. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Charles E. 
Norton, Michael J. 
Nowlan, Charles J. 
Nugent, Dr. Oscar B. 
Nussbaum, Harold J. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oates, James F., Jr. 
Oberf elder, Joseph H. 
Oberlander, Dr. 

Andrew J. 
O'Boyle, C. Robert 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, Martin T. 
O'Connor, John B. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor, Thomas S. 
O'Connor, William E. 
O'Gorman, John C. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Kieffe, De Witt 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olsen, Canute R. 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, R. H. 
O'Malley, Patrick L. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
O'Neill, J. W. 

Opie, Earle F. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Oreck, Robert P. 
Orlikoff, Richard 
O'Rourke, William F., Jr. 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orr, Mrs. Max D. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, John S. 
Osborne, Nathan G. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Oscar, Robert E. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Osmond, Harvard R. 
Ostermann, William 
Ostrander, Glenn R. 
O'Toole, Donald 
O'Toole, John J. 
Ott, Mrs. Fentress 
Ott, John C. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Ovenu, Dr. Harold 
Overton, George W., Jr. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 

Pacer, T. S. 

Packard, Miss Emmy Lou 
Padgett, Fred M. 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Paeth, Walter C. 
Paffhausen, J. V. 
Pain, F. W. 
Palais, Gordon K. 
Pallasch, Paul V. 
Panuce, Paul J. 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Paradee, Sidney A. 
Parker, Austin Hadley 
Parker, E. A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Partridge, R. W. 
Paschal, John William 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Patchen, Dr. Paul J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, Mark L. 
Patterson, Stewart 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, L. O. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Payes, William J., Jr. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Payne, Harold N. 
Payne, Stanley L. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, -Nelson C. 
Peck, Stewart T. 
Peckler, Dr. David A. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Pelz, William W. 
Pendexter, J. F. 
Penn, Kurt G. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pennigsdorf, Lutz 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perreault, Earl E. 
Perry, Mrs. Joseph Sam 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard W. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, Harold E. 
Peterson, Lindell 
Peterson, O. C. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Peterson, Victor H. 
Peterson, Walter J. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Petty, P. E. 
Pfarrer, W. H. 
Pfiffner, Mrs. Mary S. 
Pfiager, Charles W. 
Pflaumer, Robert E. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, Norman J. 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipsborn, Herbert F. 
Philipsborn, M. M., Jr. 
Pick, O. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pierson, Carl Dan 
Pierson, Roy J. 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pilcher, Dr. R. W. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
Pinsof, Philip 
Piper, Dr. C. H. 

Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitts, Henry L. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Pletz, S. R. 

Plotnick, Dr. I. Robert 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Podbielniak, Mrs. W. J. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pohl, Dr. Carl M. 
Poister, John J. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Polyak, Mrs. Stephen 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Andrew L. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, J. W. 
Porter, L. W. 
Posey, Chester L. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Joseph John 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Powers, Carl J. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Press, Robert M. 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Frank G. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, J. H. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Prindiville, James A. 
Pringle, Don 
Prior, Frank O. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Provus, B. B. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Pullman, Frederick C. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, William G. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenboss, Thomas C. 
Querl, E. P. 
Quetsch, L. J. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quinn, William J. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Radford, George 
Radovich, Miss Bessie 
Randell, A. C. 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Ray, Mrs. William F. 
Raymond, Ralph G. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redcliffe, R. L. 
Redfield, C. Truman 
Reed, Ernest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, John S. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Philip G. 
Reed, Theodore H. 
Reeder, Howard C. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeves, George C. 
Refakes, A. J. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Rei chert, Dr. John M. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Reynolds, James A., Jr. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, George, III 
Rich, Joseph E. 
Rich, Keith 
Rich, Mrs. R. Joseph 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Mrs. Oron E. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Richart, A. W. 
Richmond, Herbert J. 
Richter, Frank J. 
Ridenour, G. L. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riha, Frank J. 
Riker, Dr. William L. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Kenneth C. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Ringa, Dr. Edwin C. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rink, George A. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Risdon, Russell R. 
Ritsos, Nicholas T. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, William E. 
Robertson, Egbert 
Robinson, Milton D. 
Roche, Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Roderick, Mrs. 

Howard F. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriquez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roe, Frederick 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Mrs. George P. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rohloff, Paul F. 
Rohn, Mrs. Esther E. 
Rohr, Dr. F. W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Rolfe, John M. 
Rollman, Justin A. 
Roman, B. F. 
Rome, Samuel 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin, J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Roseman, Joseph A., Jr. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 

Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Milly M . 
Roshkind, Allan I. 
Rosier, C. H. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Rossman, Theodore 
Rotchford, J. Stuart 
Rotenberry, Dean 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 
Roth, Walter L. 
Rothermel, Sam A. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rothschild, Mrs. Martin 
Rowe, F. B. 
Royds, Arthur V. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubin, Edward P. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 
Rundin, Walter C, Jr. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary H. 
Russell, Robert S. 
Russell, W. Hunter 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, George L. 
Rutherford, Mrs. 

James E. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ruzic, Dr. John Francis 
Ryan, Eugene F. 
Ryser, Frank 
Ryser, Werner 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sack, Don 
Sackett, DeForest 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Sadlek, Robert James 
Saffir, M. A. 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saldivar, Dr. Ricardo E. 
Saleson, James S. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, Joseph K. 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Samuels, Albert 

Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Harold L. 
Samuels, Richard L. 
Samuelson, George 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
San Filippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Richard S. 
Savage, Mrs. Stanley 
Sayers, Leon D. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scala, Mrs. Florence 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scandiff, Jerry R. 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffer, T. H. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schell, Edwin H. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schenk, Miss Marion H. 
Schiff, Max 
Schiller, Arthur J. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlake, Edwin C. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlicht, B. J. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schmidt, Erhardt M. 
Schmidt, Erich F. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmitt, Roland G. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, Charles I. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoenhofen, Leo H. 
Schoettler, F. Girard 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schreyer, Carl G. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schuck, E. H. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulien, Charles 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Schultz, Chester H. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schwartz, Charles F. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schweers, Richard H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, Walter B. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seeley, Robert M. 
Seelmayer, Miss Helen M. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Seidel, Walter H. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sembower, John F. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Sevcik, John G. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Thomas G. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shaffer, Harry G. 
Shanner, Charles T. 
Shannon, Dr. Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Sharpe, Dr. Kenneth P. 
Shaver, Robert D. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheldon, Leo C. 
Shepard, Kenneth E. 
Shepard, L. L. 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 

Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shine, Joseph J. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Shoemaker, Paul B. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuart, Karl P. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, James R. 
Simmons, Nicholas L. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, George E. 
Simonson, Burton E. 
Simpson, John B. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivyer, Warner 
Sklar, Alexander 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smeeth, William B. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, Bruce M. 
Smith, C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, F. Gordon 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Dr. Louis D. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, Mrs. Solomon B. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Smyth, David B. 
Snodell, Walter S., Jr. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Bernard 
Snyder, Bernard A. 
Snyder, Richard E. 

Soanes, Dr. Sidney V. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Somerville, Robert 
Somerville, Mrs. 

Sommers, Bert Edward 
Sonne, Fred T. 
Sorock, Herbert S. 
Sorrells, E. Courtney 
Spalding, Mrs. 

Vaughan C, Jr. 
Spangler, James C. 
Spanik, Miss Anne 
Spatta, George 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Specht, F. W. 
Spector, Mrs. Ann 
Speer, Stanton H. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiehler, Adolph F. 
Spiel, Mrs. Robert E. 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Spreyer, F. L. 
Sprtel, Dr. Simon L. 
Staack, Dr. 

H. Frederick, Jr. 
Staat, Richard A. 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Staffeld, Byron C. 
Stafford, Cheston F. 
Stafford, Philip F. 
Stafford, Richard W. 
Stafford, Dr. Wilma C. 
Stafford, Wirt W. 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, Harold A. 
Stahl, John 
Stair, H. Bo wen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. I. 
Stange, Howard W. 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Edgar, Jr. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starr, Harry 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stauffacher, E. L. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Stearns, James D. 
Stebler, W. J. 
Steding, Richard P. 
Steele, Mrs. Walter D. 
Stefan, Joseph J. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Steffen, Charles 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Stein, Harold 
Stein, Mrs. Louise K. 
Steiner, Miss Joanne 
Steinmann, Mrs. F. H. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Steitz, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Stekly, Harold 
Stenhouse, Miss 

Bessie C. 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stephens, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Stephens, Mrs. John 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Lawrence F. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Steven, Ian 

Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, John Paul 
Stevenson, Mrs. Borden 
Stevenson, M. Bradley 
Stewart, Charles L., Jr. 
Stewart, Donald R. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stind, C. J. 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stitt, Robert B. 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Stoaks, Richard O. 
Stocker, Frederick B., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
Stoffels, Edgar O. 
Stofft, Edmond B. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stokes, Paul M. 
Stokesberry, Paul W. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Stone, Marvin N. 
Stone, Merle 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Storner, Fred W. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 


Stratford, Herbert R. 
Stratton, L. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Streitmann, Albert P. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strohmeier, Dr. Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stubenrauch, E. H. 
Stucker, Dr. Fred J. 
Stuckslager, Walter N. 
Stuebner, Edwin A. 
Stults, Allen P. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. 

Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Eugene T. 
Sullivan, Frank W. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Sundt, E. V. 
Suomela, John P. 
Sutton, Robert E. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svatik, John 
Svec, Anton E. 
Svensson, Olof 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, Harry R. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swett, Israel 
Swift, T. Philip 
Swoiskin, Dr. Irving 
Swonk, Wayne 
Sykes, Binford H. 
Sykes, Byron M. 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Sylvester, Miss 

Maria P. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Synnestvedt, Ralph 
Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tansey, Thomas F. 
Tansley, Charles B. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarr, Lester W. 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tauber, Stewart 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 

Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, Orville 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Tellschow, H. B. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, H. W. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Teter Park 

Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, Lang S. 
Thompson, Dr. W. V. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Thullen, Henry M. 
Tiberius, George 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, Mrs. E. L. 
Tolpin, Dr. Samuel 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Tonn, George 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torff, Selwyn H. 
Torgerson, Ray G. 
Towns, R. E. 
Trace, Master David R. 
Trace, Master Edward R. 
Trace, Dr. Herbert D. 
Trace, Master Peter A. 
Tracy, George C. 
Tracy, Norman H. 
Tracy, Dr. Paul C. 
Tracy, T. J. 
Tracy, Wheeler 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Treadwell, George P. 

ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tresley, Dr. Ira J. 
Triggs, Warren 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, William M. 

Walter Stanley, Jr. 
Turgrimson, Charles D. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Oliver S. 
Turney, Kenneth R. 
Turney, Newton E. 
Turow, Dr. David D. 
Tuteur, Charles 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tyler, Mrs. Ivan L. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
I Uhlmann, Richard F. 

Ullmann, S. E. 
; Ultsch, W. Lewis 

Urbain, Jules, Jr. 

Urbain, Leon F. 

Urban, Andrew 
: Uretz, Daniel A. 
; Urick, Delbert N. 
i Urnes, Dr. M. P. 

Ushijima, Mrs. Ruth 

Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
Vale, Mrs. Murray 
Valentine, Mrs. 

Joseph L. 
Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vance, Dr. Graham A. 
Vance, Patricia 
Vance, S. M. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, Nicholas J. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Van Deventer, William E. 
Van Duzer, John B. 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Etten, Floyd G. 
Van Gerpen, George 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Kirk, Mrs. R. D. 
Van Moss, J. H., Jr. 
Van Natta, V. R. 
Van Ness, A. L. 
Van Nice, Errett 
Van Stanten, James 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Van Swearingen, Guy H. 
Varley, John S. 

Varty, Leo G. 
Vasalle, Master David 
Vasalle, Rudolph A. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Vaughan, Norman 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Venetucci, Pasquale 
Venrick, Mrs. Charles F. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Vernon, John T. 
Ver Nooy, Miss Winifred 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Vihon, Charles H. 
Vilsoet, William 
Voltz, D. H. 

von Bonin, Dr. Gerhardt 
Von Gehr, George 
Von Ohlen, Floyd E. 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wacker, Frederick G., Jr. 
Wadsworth, Charles 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, John A. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wagner, Samuel G. 
Wagnum, James N. 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Wald, William 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldner, Arthur L. 
Waldo, C. Ives, Jr. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred 0. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Mrs. G. R. 
Walker, Mrs. India A. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Percy H. 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Wallingford, Donald H. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walthouse, William F. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Warde, Frederick A. 

Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warman, Winfield C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterfield, John R. 
Waterman, Mrs. Alex H. 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watling, John 
Watson, D. R. 
Watson, John A. 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Watts, G. W. 
Weatherby, George W. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Weaver, John M. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webber, Harold H. 
Weber, James E. 
Weber, John J. 
Weber, Miss Laura M. 
Weber, Warren J. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Arthur G. 
Weeks, Harrison S. 
Weeks, Kenneth L. 
Wegrzyn, Dr. John T. 
Wegrzyn, Joseph 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weill, Leonard D. 
Weiner, Aaron B. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinreich, C. F. 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weir, Paul 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Louis J. 
Weitman, W. E. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wells, Mrs. John E. 
Welsh, Vernon M. 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wessling, Richard 
West, James D. 
West, Richard H. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Westbrook, Charles H. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Wetten, Walton 
Weyforth, B. Stuart, Jr. 
Weymouth, Ralph E. 
Whalen, Richard H. 
Whalen, William Patrick 
Whall, Arthur L. 
Wheary, Warren 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheeler, W. L. 
Whipple, Charles J., Jr. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whiston, Jerome P. 
White, George R. 
White, Marshall 
White, Mrs. Nelson C. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Jack M., II 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Whitson, Thomas M. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. Lucille 
Wieland, John 
Wies, H. M. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wiles, Mrs. Russell 
Wilhelm, Dr. Emanuel C. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilkes, Mrs. R. M. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Bennett 
Williams, Harry J. 
Willis, Amos G. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 

Willy, Gustave J. 
Wilson, Allen 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wiltsee, Herbert 
Windchy, Mrs. 
Frederick O. 
Winkenweder, V. O. 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winston, Farwell 
Winston, Sam 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wirth, J. W. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Witte, Lester 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. Emilia 
Wojteczko, Stanley 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 
Wood, Alexander M. 
Wood, C. A. 
Wood, Harold F. 
Wood, Ken ward T. 
Wood, Truman 
Wood, William A. 
Wood, Mrs. William J. 
Woodall, Lloyd 
Woods, Dr. A. W. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woollett, Mrs. Jean 
Woolpy, Max 
Workman, S. L. 
Worth, Dr. Theodore D. 
Worthington, La Grange 
Wray, Miss Carolyn R. 
Wreath, Robert L. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 

Wright, George L. 
Wright, Miss Margaret J. 
Wrightson, William F. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 

Yager, Richard Sidney 
Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yates, T. L. 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, George B. 
Young, J. L. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Yust, Walter 

Zadek, Milton 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zeisler, Dr. Ernest B. 
Zeitlin, Samuel E. 
Zelinsky, Mrs. S. F. 
Zeller, Charles B. 
Zimmer, Harry L. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Otto H. 
Zimmermann, Frank O. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W. R. 
Zoll, William F. 
Zwiener, Kenneth V. 

Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Badgerow, Harve Gordon 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Blatchford, Edward W. 
Bradshaw, Robert Y. 
Burgee, Joseph Z. 
Cameron, John W. 
Carroll, Martin F. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. 0. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Curtis, John G. 
Fisher, William E. 
Fraser, Forrest L. 


Hargreaves, Thomas H. 
Herrick, Elton A. 
Hough, William J. 
Hurley, Raymond J. 

Jensen, George P. 
Johnson, Bert 

Keeney, Frank P. 
Kennedy, J. H. 

Leeds, David L. 
Long, Albert S., Jr. 
Lozins, Bert 

Naylor, William F., Jr. 

Nikopoulos, George A. 

Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 

Perlstein, Mrs. Harris 
Plummer, Daniel C. 

Redding, George H. 
Rothschild, Martin 

Slifka, George C. 
Sollitt, Mrs. Ralph T. 

Weiss, Alexander 
Woodside, John T. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: y 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ] 

> ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) inj?ash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate* 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Execuitve Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officiofa member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 



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