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are reasons for disciplinary action and may 
result In dismissal from the University. 

University of Illinois Library 

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APR 2 6 






L161— O-1096 






'^Sd'Mtural History Museum 

19 13?: 



Member of the Board of Trustees from 1930 to 1957 





Report of the Director 

to thi 

Board of Trustees 

for the year 1957 




/ ^^7 



Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

Board op Trustees, 1957 12 

List of Staff, 1957 13 

Report of the Director 21 

Attendance 22 

Lecture Programs for Adults 23 

Membership 23 

Trustees and Officers 23 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 24 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 27 

Cafeteria and Lunchroom 28 

The Book Shop 28 

Gifts to the Museum 29 

Special Exhibits 30 

Staff Changes 32 

Expeditions and Field Trips in 1957 34 

Department of Anthropology 37 

Department of Botany 47 

Department of Geology 52 

Department of Zoology 60 

Library of the Museum 71 

Public Relations 76 

Co-operation with Other Institutions 77 

Activities of Staff Members in Scientific Societies 83 

Photography and Illustration 87 

Motion Pictures 87 

Publications and Printing 89 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 99 

Attendance and Door Receipts 103 

Financial Statements 104 

Accessions, 1957 108 

Members of the Museum 118 

Benefactors 118 

Honorary Members 118 

Patrons 118 

Corresponding Members 119 

Contributors 119 

Corporate Members 121 

Members of the Museum (continued) page 

Life Members 121 

Non-Resident Life Members 122 

Associate Members 123 

Non-Resident Associate Members 136 

Sustaining Members 136 

Annual Members 138 

Articles of Incorporation 158 

Amended By-Laws 160 


George A. Richardson frontispiece 

Chicago Natural History Museum 9 

African Elephants 20 

Girl Scouts 25 

"Mexican Sacred Mushrooms" 31 

Pueblo Pottery 39 

Benin Bronze Casting 41 

Tomb-relief Rubbing 45 

Maya Temple 46 

Models of Mushrooms 49 

Cascara Branch 51 

Washakie Formation 54 

Brontosaurus 57 

"The Animal Kingdom" 62 

Detail from "The Animal Kingdom" 65 

MV Oregon Cruise 67 

Beetles 68 

"Colorful Birds" 73 

Chalmers Mineralogical Laboratory 79 

Museum Journey 82 

Shells 85 

Shell Drawing 88 

Mural 94 

Vertebrate Anatomy Laboratory 97 

"Palau Islands" 99 






Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Alois,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

BoARDMAN Conover,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 

D. C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton, 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 
Marshall Field III,* 1914-1956 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 

Albert W. Harris, 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Kelley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
George A. Richardson, 1930-1957 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 

* deceased 












Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Marshall Field III* 1946-1956 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1953 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1954 

HuGHSTON M. McBain 1955-1956 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1946-1953 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* deceased 



OFFICERS Stanley Field, President 

HuGHSTON M. McBain, First Vice-President 
Walther Buchen, Second Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 

board of 

Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 

John P. 

Henry P. Isham 
Hughston M. McBain 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
George A. Richardson* 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 

committees Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 

Field, Wm. McCormick Blair, Hughston M. McBain, 
John P. Wilson, Henry P. Isham, Marshall Field, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, John P. Wilson, Walter J. 
Cummings, Walther Buchen, Henry P. Isham, 
Wm. McCormick Blair, John G. Searle 

Building — Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Hughston M. McBain, Sewell L. Avery, John G. 
Searle, John T. Pirie, Jr. 

* resigned 



Clifford C. Gregg, Sc.D., Director 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Executive Assistant 


Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Donald Collier, Ph.D., Curator, South American Archaeology and Ethnology 

George I. Quimby, A.M., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

John B. Rinaldo, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Elaine Bluhm, Ph.D., Assistant, Archaeology* 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Roland W. Force, M.A., Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Assistant Curator, Primitive Art 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Thomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology 

Allen S. Liss, A.B., Assistant, Anthropology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

Walter Boyer, B.F.A., Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Agnes H. McNary, B.A., Departmental Secretary* 

Virginia B. Turner, A.B., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 
Fay-Cooper Cole, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 
Miguel Covarrubias, Research Associate, Primitive Artf 
A. L. Kroeber, Ph.D., Research Associate, American Archaeology 
J. Eric Thompson, Dipl.Anth.Camb., Research Associate, Central American 


Theodor Just, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, D.M.D., Curator Emeritus 

Julian A. Steyermark, Ph.D., Curator, Phanerogamic Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Francis Drouet, Ph.D., Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

John W. Thieret, Ph.D., Curator, Economic Botany 

J. S. Daston, Sc.D., Assistant, Botany 

* resigned 
t deceased 



Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Marjorie Furr, Artist 

Edith M. Vincent, A.B., Research Librarian 

Marilyn Jaskiewicz, Departmental Secretary 

E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Associate, Botany 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 


Sharat K. Roy, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Ph.B., Curator, Fossil Plants 

Robert K. Wyant, B.S., Curator, Economic Geology* 

Albert William Forslev, M.S., Associate Curator, Mineralogy and Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Stanley Kuczek, Preparatory 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Bruce Erickson, Preparator* 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Phyllis M. Brady, Departmental Secretary* 

Evelyn Shahrock, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

* resigned 
t retired 



Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Karl P. Schmidt, D.Sc, Curator Emeritust 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Assistant Curator, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant, Reptiles 

Loren p. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, B.A., Curator, Insects 

William J. Gerhard, Curator Emeritus, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. D wight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Phyllis Wade, B.S., Assistant 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Ronald J. Lambert, Taxidermist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Mario Villa, Assistant Taxidermist 

Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Ruth Andris, Departmental Secretary 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

RuDYERD Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-CHAO Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

R. M. Strong, Ph.D., Research Associate, Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, M.S., Associate, Mammals 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

t deceased 



Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Harry Hoogstraal, M.S., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 
DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Field Associate 


Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 

Albert J. Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist f 

Almon Cooley, Assistant Preparator 

Marvin Rabe, Assistant Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Dolla Cox, A.B. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. Ellen Miller 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Maryl Andre, B.S. 
Edith Fleming, M.A. 



Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

M. Eileen Rocourt, M.A., Associate Librarian 

Marjorie a. West, A.B., Assistant to the Librarian 

Classification and Cataloguing 
William P. Fawcett, B.A.H 
Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Technical Adviser, Oriental Collection , 


Reference " 

Eugenia Bernoff 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks 
Boris Ivanov, Dipl.Law* 
George Stosius, M.E. 
Constantin Globa, Dipl.Eng. 

t deceased 
t on leave 
* resigned 



Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, B.A., Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, A.M., Miscellaneous Publications 


H. B. Harte 

Jane Rockwell, B.A., Associate 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 


Susanmary Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 

Forest Highland, Assistant Recorder* 

Raymond A. N. Gomes, Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

Jeanette Forster, Assistant Recorder 


Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor 
Eleanor Sheffner, Bookkeeper 
Marguerite Grauel, Cashier 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 


Jane Comiskey, B.A., Manager 
Jessie Dudley, Assistant 
Louise Jones, Secretary 


John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist 
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

* resigned 


John Mover, in charge 


Raymond H. Hallstein, Sr., in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 


James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 


William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 


Frank Meinke, Captain J 
Matthew S. Moroney, Captain 

t retired 





Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1957. 

Despite the continuing difficulties occasioned by the effects of 
inflation, the Museum continued to make steady and noteworthy 
progress in the field of exhibition. Reinstallation of the American 
Indian exhibits and the exhibits on the cultures of the islands of the 
Pacific proceeded according to schedule and resulted in unusually 
attractive displays. Creation of a new Division of Primitive Art in 
the Department of Anthropology has resulted in drawing attention 
to the outstanding collections that the Museum has in this field. 
Popular interest in this subject has been such that it was deemed 
advisable to emphasize this particular phase of native culture. 

Installation in George M. Pullman Hall of a series of exhibits 
giving a synoptic view of the animal kingdom has been extremely 
helpful in introducing to students and visitors the entire subject of 
animal life. The exhibit has been widely acclaimed, and kodachrome 
slides of the eight screens of the exhibit have been in great demand 
as teaching aids. Another exhibit that has attracted wide attention 
is the new bird display in the center of Boardman Conover Hall. 
Not only is the installation itself carried out in an unusual pattern, 
but the entire emphasis of the exhibit is on the beauty of the color 
of the birds. It is noteworthy that specimens from North America 


find their proper place in this grouping of colorful birds from all parts 
of the world. More complete information about the exhibition pro- 
gram is given in the separate reports of the four scientific departments 
of the Museum. 

New records were established for group attendance in the Mu- 
seum. Many of the groups were aided by Raymond Foundation. 
On May 17 a new record was established when eighty-nine organized 
groups came to the Museum in a single day. The record number of 
groups attending the Museum in any one month was also achieved 
in May, with 1,104 groups and 51,149 students. 

During July and August the film "Through These Doors," which 
gives a background story of the work of the Museum, was presented 
on forty-two occasions before a total of 4,574 persons. Many visitors 
reported increased enjoyment of the Museum because of the effective 
briefing that they received by viewing the film. 


This year's attendance of 1,097,561 at the Museum was about 4,000 
less than last year (actually, this was an average of only about two 
persons a day less than in 1956, as that year, being a leap year, was 
one day longer). It is well, however, to note the changing pattern 
of attendance at museums and other cultural institutions. It is rec- 
ognized that many persons are now content to view television at 
home rather than make the effort to visit institutions as they did a 
few years ago. Further, the lack of adequate transportation, par- 
ticularly on weekends, due to curtailment in service by the Chicago 
Transit Authority, has been disastrous to the institutions in Grant 
Park. The discontinuance of service and elimination of the tracks 
across the Illinois Central Railroad at Roosevelt Road was protested 
at the time without avail. Our weekend attendance continues to fall, 
and the increasing numbers of persons coming to the Museum by 
automobile have taxed parking facilities to the extent that many po- 
tential visitors give up their attempt after vainly circling the Museum 
in search of parking space. 

The Museum's response to declining attendance has been met by 
new programing and special offerings, particularly by Raymond 
Foundation (see page 24), which brought to the Museum this year 
almost 40,000 additional school children and 1,300 more teachers. 
The programs offered by the Museum are reaching many thousands 
of persons through radio and television and a greatly increased dis- 
tribution of its published material. 




During the year the Museum presented its 107th and 108th Free 
Lecture Series in James Simpson Theatre of the Museum. These 
lectures were booked, as usual, on Saturday afternoons in March, 
April, October, and November under the auspices of the Edward E. 
Ayer Lecture Foundation. Attendance increased by about 900, total 
attendance being 16,557, an average of 920 at each lecture. 


At the close of the year the total number of Members of the Museum 
was 5,503, this being a net gain of 81 for the year. Membership rolls 
are listed at the end of this Report according to the various member- 
ship classifications. Totals by categories are as follows: lAJe — 124; 
N on-Resident Life — 26; Associate — 2,140; Non-Resident Associate — 
18; Sustaining — 50; Annual — 3,056; Benefactor, Honorary, Patron, 
Corporate, and Corresponding (Members in these classes who are not 
Members in any other class) — 23; Contributor (Members in this class 
who are not Members in any other class) — 66 (Contributors elected 
during the year are listed on page 30) . The Museum desires to record 
its sincere appreciation to its Members who, throughout the years, 
have built up substantially the endowments of the Museum and have 
contributed generously to its operating funds. 


At the January meeting of the Board of Trustees, Stanley Field was 
re-elected president of the Museum to serve his forty-ninth con- 
secutive term in that office. Hughston M. McBain was elected first 
vice-president succeeding the late Marshall Field, whose death in 
November, 1956, was recorded last year (Annual Report 1956, pages 
23-24 and frontispiece). Walther Buchen was elected second vice- 
president succeeding Mr. McBain. All other officers were re-elected. 
At the September meeting of the Board, George A. Richardson sub- 
mitted his resignation as a Trustee because his residence in California 
makes it impossible for him to render to the Museum the service that 
he considers adequate. He had been a member of the Board since 
January, 1930, and had served as member or as chairman of the 
Auditing Committee during most of his tenure. In accepting his 
resignation the members of the Board expressed their gratitude for 
his long and faithful service to the Museum. 



The year showed a marked increase in use of the Museum and its 
educational programs by organized groups, most of which were school 
groups. In 1957, 4,158 organized groups with 178,810 students vis- 
ited the Museum. Of these, Raymond Foundation assisted 108,484 
with group tours and programs. These groups came mainly on 
regular school-days to study specific subjects. Programs, tours, 
workshops, and participation programs for the lower grades were 
offered at the times the school children would be studying these 
materials. For 5th through 8th grades, the programs were the kind 
to help students help themselves in studying the exhibits. These 
programs varied from workshops with their necessary smaller num- 
bers ("From Cave Man to Civilization," 15 programs with 539 
students attending, and "Rocks and Minerals," 14 programs with 
533 students attending) to programs such as "Ancient Egypt" where 
as many as 100 students worked together in the exhibition hall. 

In the lower grades (1st through 4th) there was a great need for 
something with more individual participation than a regular tour 
gives. Thus three new programs were planned to allow such par- 
ticipation: (1) "Learning about Insects," a round-table program on 
observing common insects — 16 programs with 557 students; (2) 
"How Living Things Survive Weather Changes," a program using 
an artificial tree to show how plants and animals prepare for winter 
(the tree was patterned after one exhibited in the small museum at 
the Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois) — 32 programs with 1,368 stu- 
dents; (3) "Christmas for the Birds," a program introducing the 
children to our common winter birds and presenting ideas about 
using the family Christmas tree as a feeding place for birds — 8 pro- 
grams with 341 students. In all, 216 special school-programs were 
given, with a registration of 11,684 students from 65 suburban 
schools and 200 Chicago schools. In addition to programs and tours 
for school groups, other organized groups included Camp Fire Girls, 
Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, and YMCA groups. "Expedition Cave 
Man" was taken in the spring by 2,041 Girl Scouts and 83 Camp 
Fire Girls, while "Expedition to Indian Country" was taken in the 
fall by 803 Camp Fire Girls. "Seal Hunt," a summer program offered 
to YMCA groups, was given 11 times to a total of 663 children. 

Museum Journeys were continued as a program for individual 
children alone or with family groups. Journeys during the year, 
each available for two months, were: winter Journey (No. 8) of 



Girl Scouts on ''Expedition Cave Man" 

1956-57, "Holiday-Animal Hunt," carried over into 1957 with 95 
participating in January; the spring Journey (No. 9) "A Hunt with 
the Cave Men" totaled 649 completed; the summer Journey (No. 10) 
"Around the World on Wings" totaled 146 completed; the fall Jour- 
ney (No. 11) "Exploring Indian Country" totaled 348 completed; 
and the winter Journey (No. 12) "Animals in Winter," which carried 
over into 1958, totaled 66 completed in 1957. A total of 32 boys and 
girls completed four Journeys successfully in 1957 and were pre- 
sented with the Museum Traveler Award. A total of 13 boys and 
girls completed a second group of four Journeys successfully and 
were presented with the Museum Adventurer Award. 

The motion-picture programs for children continued on Saturday 
mornings in March and April — 9 programs with 6,532 present, on 
Thursday mornings in July and August — 12 programs with 9,800 


present, and on Saturday mornings in October and November — 9 
programs with 3,039 present. As in the past. Museum Stories were 
prepared and distributed to the children who attended the spring 
and fall Saturday-morning movies (the spring series was "From 
Cave Man to City Dweller" by Edith Fleming and the fall series was 
"Indian Neighbors of Our United States Settlers" by Harriet Smith). 
Extension-lecture service for the Chicago public schools was contin- 
ued in January, February, and March, with 39 lectures presented to 
a total of 12,991 students. This service will be limited in the future 
because of the increasing numbers of students visiting the Museum. 

A course on conservation was presented in April for Adult Girl 
Scout Leaders. This program was requested to help the leaders 
understand the meaning of conservation so that they in turn could 
train their Girl Scouts. 

Raymond Foundation's activities for 1957 (see summary below) 
totaled 121,475 persons in 2,367 groups, an increase of more than 
8,000 persons over the 1956 figures. October was the month when 
the greatest numbers of persons in groups were assisted by Raymond 
Foundation; in fact, October broke all such records for any month, 
with 8,958 children on school tours. Many organized groups of 
students came to the Museum who did not need or were not able to 
get the assistance of Raymond Foundation guides. During ten 
months of 1957 there was a total of 215 groups (with an approximate 
total of 7,682 students) on waiting lists for possible cancellations of 
reservations for tours or programs. A summary of activities of Ray- 
mond Foundation for the year, with attendance figures, follows : 

Activities within the Museum 

r or cnilaren Groups Attendance Groups Attendance 

Tours in Museum halls 1,339 50,395 

Lectures preceding tours 589 28,804 

Motion-picture programs .... 30 19,371 

Total 1,958 98,570 

For adults 

Tours in Museum halls 319 5,055 

Lectures preceding tours 9 285 

"Through These Doors" (film) 42 4,574 

Total 370 9,914 

Extension Activities 

Chicago PubHc Schools 39 12,991 

Total 39 12,991 

Total for Raymond Foundation Activities 2,367 121,475 



In accordance with long-established procedures the Department of 
the N. W. Harris Public School Extension operated normally during 
the year in lending portable Museum exhibits and circulating them 
from school to school throughout the city. A total of 17,510 of the 
department's standard portable exhibits was delivered on routine 
schedule. The two trucks maintained by the department were in 
operation 171 days and traveled 11,420 miles. 

At the beginning of the year 1,032 exhibits were out on loan to 
516 schools and public-service institutions on the circulation list. 
On every tenth school-day the two exhibits held by each school (or 
other institution) were exchanged for two others. The sixteen ex- 
changes made in addition to the initial loan-delivery of the school- 
year gave each school thirty-four different exhibits within the year. 
Pick-up of all exhibits at the end of the school-year for cleaning and 
summer storage in the Museum began on June 10 and was completed 
on June 25. Delivery of the first exhibit-loans of the school-year 
began on September 9 and ended on September 25. At the end of 
December the circulation list totaled 517. Over the twelve-month 
period five schools had been dropped from the list, while five others 
and a boys' club had been added. 

Rotation of the exhibits is planned to avoid repetition of exhibits 
at an elementary school during the years any one child is in attend- 
ance. Repetition may occur, however, as a result of emergency sub- 
stitutions for exhibits stolen or destroyed in schools and for those 
removed from circulation for repair. In 1957 one exhibit (broad- 
winged hawk) was stolen from a school, and thirty exhibits were 
temporarily withdrawn from circulation because of glass breakage 
or (in four) damage to the installation. 

Nine new exhibits that had been almost completed by Preparator 
Albert J. PYanzen before his death in October were finished in De- 
cember and installed in portable cases. Four are duplicates of exhib- 
its completed in 1956 — one identifies squirrels found in and near 
Chicago (flying squirrel, fox squirrel, gray squirrel, and red squirrel) 
and three are concerned with ground-squirrels (chipmunk, striped 
gopher, and gray gopher). The five other new exhibits contrast a 
cultivated blueberry (Burlington) with a low-bush blueberry com- 
mon in our area. Workshop repairs of cases and installations were 
made on 506 exhibits. 

No other museum makes available to its community a lending 
service of such magnitude as that offered by this Museum through 
Harris Extension. Over the years many museum representatives 


have come from other cities for information and guidance in estab- 
lishing similar services. A gratifying report of the results of such 
consultations back in 1946 came in October when Ram S. Singh, 
Chief Taxidermist for the British Guiana Museum in Georgetown, 
British Guiana, revisited our department and told us of progress 
in his country toward duplicating for rural schools the service estab- 
lished for Chicago by our Museum. Mr. Singh's account of the 
British Guiana program and its significant contribution to science 
education in his country makes this department proud that as pio- 
neer and leader in its field it can offer some help and encouragement 
to other museums that undertake similar responsibilities in their own 
communities and districts. 

As always, birdskins in plastic tubes were the popular studykit 
material borrowed by teachers and study groups. This year 336 
birdskins were checked out from the storage files for varying periods 
of time. Other such materials loaned during the year to teachers 
were insect-cases and rock and shell collections. 


An increase of more than 4,000 persons making use of the Museum's 
restaurant facilities brought the total for the year to 241,586. A 
large increase was recorded in the lunchroom, which specializes in 
rapid service of standard food-items. Sales by vending machines, 
which make soft drinks available at hours when our other restaurant 
facilities are closed, almost tripled the sales of soft drinks and con- 
tributed to the considerable increase in gross receipts. 


Book Shop sales during 1957 were $141,109.36, a record for annual 
sales. This figure is indicative of the increasing service performed 
by the Museum in supplying interested persons with information in 
the fields of study encompassed by the Museum. For many years 
The Book Shop has distributed the popular four-page Museum 
Stories written for children by staff members of Raymond Founda- 
tion. During 1957 two series of stories were reprinted in small-book 
form (see page 94). It is anticipated that this Museum Storybook 
series will ultimately provide a body of reading material for children 
of elementary-school age similar to that offered to older readers by 
the Popular Series of the Museum. 



The Museum received a bequest of $12,500 from the estate of the 
late Stewart J. Walpole, and the Stewart J. Walpole Endowment 
Fund was established in his memory. Mrs. Stanley Field, a Bene- 
factor of the Museum, added $21,500 to the Sara Carroll Field Fund. 
Dr. Maurice L. Richardson added $1,250 to the Maurice L. Richard- 
son Paleontological Fund; C. Suydam Cutting, an Honorary Member 
of the Museum, added $750 to the C. Suydam Cutting Fund; Miss 
Margaret Conover added $665 to the Conover Game-bird Fund (es- 
tablished by her brother, the late Boardman Conover, Trustee and 
Research Associate) ; and Harry Vearn Clyborne added $100 to the 
Harry Vearn and Mary Elizabeth Clyborne Fund. The Museum re- 
ceived $763.93 from the estate of the late Mrs. Abby K. Babcock and 
$30.15 (for the Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Fund) from the final 
distribution of the William D wight Darrow Trust Fund. 

Stanley Field, President of the Museum, gave an additional 
$30,327.50 for endowment. A grant of $5,000 was received from Eli 
Lilly and Company, of Indianapolis, to assist in our program of 
botanical publication; Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith gave $500 toward 
a special publication on birds; and S. C. Johnson and Son, Incor- 
ported, of Racine, Wisconsin, gave $4,000 for our continuing study 
of waxy palms. To obtain the Captain A. W. F. Fuller Collection 
of Ethnological Specimens from the Pacific Islands, a Purchase Fund 
was established, which, during the year, received a total of $19,405 
from the following donors: George A. Bates, Wm. McCormick Blair, 
Walther Buchen, Walter J. Cummings, Joseph N. Field, Marshall 
Field, Jr., Henry P. Isham, Hughston M. McBain, William H. 
Mitchell, Sterling Morton, Clarence B. Randall, John G. Searle, 
Solomon A. Smith, Louis Ware, and John P. Wilson. Gifts of secu- 
rities were received from Joseph H. King to the value of $2,087.50 
and from Gaylord Donnelley to the value of $528.13. 

The American Friends of China (Chicago) gave $2,082.18 as a 
memorial to the late Dr. Berthold Laufer (see pages 43 and 74). 
Additional gifts to the Commander Frank V. Gregg Memorial Fund 
were received from Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Dr. Paul S. Martin, and 
Trustee Louis Ware. Other gifts of funds came from Hamilton All- 
port, Adelbert Brown, Peder A. Christensen, Gaylord Donnelley, 
Flexible Steel Lacing Company, Brimson Grow, William Heuer, 
Edgar Heymann, John Plain Foundation, Hughston M. McBain, 
National Society of Colonial Dames of America (Illinois), Mrs. 
Langdon Pearse, John T. Pirie, Jr., Henry Pope, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. 
Reuben Schutz, Mrs. Margaret Brown Trimble, and James Willard. 


Those who have given $1,000 to $100,000 in money or materials 
are elected Contributors by the Board of Trustees (see page 119 for 
roster of Contributors). Contributors elected are: Dr. William R. 
Bascom, Holly Reed Bennett, Rudyerd Boulton, Walter J, Cum- 
mings, Dr. David C. Graham, Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Henry P. 
Isham, Joseph H. King, Dr. Paul S. Martin, William H. Mitchell, 
Philip Pinsof, Solomon A. Smith, Stewart J. Walpole (posthumously 
elected), and Louis Ware. Gifts of materials received during the 
year are listed at the end of this Report (see page 108) and under the 
heading "accessions" in the reports of the scientific departments. 

The Karl P. Schmidt Library was bequeathed to the Museum. 
This unusual collection of books is remarkably complete in its cover- 
age of the herpetological literature and also includes travel literature 
in connection with natural-history studies (see page 71). 


Outstanding among special exhibits on display during the year in 
Stanley Field Hall were four that called attention to recent impor- 
tant additions to the Museum's study collections. These were : ma- 
terials collected by Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology 
and Ethnology, and Mrs. Force in the Palau Islands and given to the 
Museum (see page 42) ; portraits of human types in Central America 
and Indonesia by Elisabeth Telling, presented by her to the Museum 
(see Annual Report 1956, page 42); spectacular stag and scarab 
beetles from the collection of the late Dr. Eduard Knirsch of Vienna, 
purchased by the Museum (see page 64) ; and a representative selec- 
tion of Chinese rubbings collected by Dr. David C. Graham and 
given to the Museum (see page 43) . The later exhibit was timed to 
coincide with meetings of the American Anthropological Association 
in Chicago in December (see page 83), as was an exhibit of sacred 
mushrooms of Mexico, the hallucinogenic fungi currently being in- 
vestigated for possible medical uses. 

An exhibit in November to show food plants of New World origin 
contained food plants of common worldwide acceptance and use as 
well as many whose cultivation is still largely limited to areas where 
they were grown at the time of Columbus. Insects embedded in 
plastic by Julius J. Nagy, drawings of cultivated flowers by Ethe- 
lynde Smith, and the now perennial exhibitions of nature photog- 
raphy, handcrafted gems and jewelry, and drawings by students of 
the Art Institute of Chicago, whose classes meet in the Museum, 
were other special attractions during the year. 






Phillip H. Lewis was appointed Assistant Curator of Primitive Art 
to establish and develop a Division of Primitive Art in the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology. William P. Fawcett, who was appointed to 
the staff of the Library in June, was granted a leave of absence in 
October for military service. Other appointments during the year 
were: Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist; Mrs. Jane Comiskey, 
Manager of Book Shop; Mrs. Marjorie Furr, Artist, Department of 
Botany; Constantin Globa, Library; Raymond A. N. Gomes, As- 
sistant Recorder; Miss Marguerite Grauel, Cashier; Marvin Rabe, 
Assistant Preparator, Harris Extension; Mrs. Evelyn Shahroch, Sec- 
retary, Department of Geology; Miss Eleanor Sheffner, Bookkeeper; 
Mrs. Virginia B. Turner, Secretary, Department of Anthropology; 
and Mario Villa, Assistant Taxidermist. 

Dr. Alan Solem, Assistant in the Division of Lower Invertebrates, 
was advanced to Assistant Curator; Miss Marion K. Hoffmann, Act- 
ing Auditor, was appointed Auditor by the Board of Trustees; Miss 
Louise Jones was assigned to the Book Shop as secretary; and 
Matthew S. Moroney became Captain of the Guard following the 
retirement of Captain Frank Meinke. Resignations during the year 
were: Dr. Elaine Bluhm, Assistant, Division of Archaeology; Mrs. 
Phyllis Brady Donovan, Secretary, Department of Geology; Bruce 
Erickson, Preparator, Division of Paleontology; Forest Highland, 
Assistant Recorder; Boris Ivanov, Library; Miss Agnes H. McNary, 
Secretary, Department of Anthropology; and Robert K. Wyant, 
Curator of Economic Geology. Stanley Kuczek, Preparator, De- 
partment of Geology, retired at the end of the year. 

The Museum thanks its faithful volunteer workers for help dur- 
ing the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates and 
Associates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this 
Report. Other volunteers are: Howard Anderson, Edward Brennan, 
C. Gilbert Cash, Teddy Czyzewicz, Michael Duever, Mrs. Patricia R. 
Falkenburg, Robert Fizzell, David Goldberger, Kenneth Jones, Wil- 
liam Leja, Mrs. Judith D. Lownes, Richard McClung, Thomas 
Mclntyre, Harry G. Nelson, Thomas Olechowsky, Thomas O'Neill, 
Miss Patricia E. O'Shea, Philip Porzel, John M. Schmidt, Wayne 
Shadburne, and Gale Zelnick. 

I record with deep regret the death on February 4 of Miguel 
Covarrubias, of Mexico City, Research Associate in Primitive Art, 
Department of Anthropology; the death on October 22 of Albert J. 
Franzen, Preparator and Taxidermist in the Department of the 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension, who faithfully served the 


Museum for thirty years; the death on January 23 of Bruce W. Pal- 
frey, a guard ; the death on January 30 of Kenneth Pedersen, of the 
Division of Maintenance; and the death on February 25 of Mrs. 
Mary Rzasa, a pensioner, who was retired in 1951 at her own request. 
The Museum sustained a great loss in the death in September of 
Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator of Zoology Emeritus. Dr. Schmidt 
had been a member of the Museum staff since 1922 and retired as its 
Chief Curator of Zoology in 1955. In his memory the Board of 
Trustees adopted the following resolution : 

Karl Patterson Schmidt 

"The Board of Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum re- 
ceived with deep regret the news of the death on September 26, 1957, 
of Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator of Zoology Emeritus. 

"Dr. Schmidt had joined the staff of the Museum in 1922 as Assistant 
Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles. He had progressed to Chief 
Curator of the Department of Zoology in 1941 and retired at the end 
of June, 1955, continuing his scientific work thereafter as Curator of 
Zoology Emeritus. 

"Dr. Schmidt's keen mind reached out into all phases of natural 
history. He was especially interested in the fields of evolution and 
ecology, although he had a wide and thorough knowledge of the 
whole field of zoology beyond his own specialization. His scientific 
writings had established him as an outstanding zoologist early in his 
career and honors came to him from all parts of the globe. He was 
frequently called upon to participate in seminars and panel discus- 
sions both in this country and abroad, and messages of regret con- 
tinued to reach the Museum from distant points for more than a 
month after his death. 

"His interest in the training of younger scientists was pronounced, 
and a significant number of outstanding persons working in the 
field of zoology today have been influenced by their contacts with 
Dr. Schmidt. 

"Now, therefore, be it resolved that the members of the Board of 
Trustees express their deep sense of loss at his passing and caiise this 
resolution to be recorded in the minutes of the Board of Trustees and 
a copy to be sent to his widow." 



The Museum conducted sixteen expeditions and field trips in 1957. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments (see page references below) . 

Expeditions and field trips of 1957 and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Great Lakes Area Archaeological 
Field Trips (George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, see page 40); Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
dition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, see 
page 37 and following) 

Department of Botany — Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park Field 
Trip (Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, see page 47); 
Illinois Botanical Field Trips (Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Eco- 
nomic Botany, see page 48) 

Department of Geology — Central America Volcanological Expedi- 
tion (Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, see page 52); 
Indiana Paleontological Field Trips (Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of 
Fossil Reptiles, see page 55); Montana Invertebrate Paleontological 
Field Trip (Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Inverte- 
brates, see page 56) ; New York State Paleontological Field Trip (Dr. 
Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, see page 53); Wyoming 
Paleontological Expedition (William D. Tumbull, Assistant Curator 
of Fossil Mammals, see page 53) ^ 

Department of Zoology — Colombia Zoological Expedition (Kjell 
von Sneidem, see page 60); Co-operative Field Work with United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service in Equatorial Atlantic and Co-opera- 
tive Field Work with United States Fish and Wildlife Serivce in Western 
Caribbean (Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, see page 60) ; North- 
west Pacific Coast Zoological Field Trip (Henry S. Dybas, Associate 
Curator of Insects, see page 60) ; Peru Zoological Expedition, 1 956-57 
(Celestino Kalinowski, see page 60); Philippine Zoological Field 
Work, 1956-57 (D. S. Rabor, Field Associate, see page 60); Western 
States Zoological Field Trip (Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, 
see page 60) 






Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The second season of archaeological work near Vernon, Arizona, was 
initiated by the 1957 Southwest Archaeological Expedition under the 
leadership of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, 
who was assisted by Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Ar- 
chaeology (see page 34). Five months were spent in the field. The 
first few weeks were used in building an addition to camp head- 
quarters. The remainder of the summer was devoted to excavations 
with a crew of six men. 

Six sites, or archaeological areas, were investigated. The two 
earliest were campsites located on the beaches of now vanished lakes. 
The ancient hearths, marked by circular piles of burned rocks, had 
been recently exposed to view by rains and winds (no house floors or 
early pit-houses were encountered) . Work at these sites yielded an 
abundant collection of manos, metates, projectile points, scrapers, 
choppers, knives, blades, hammerstones, some burned animal-bones, 
and charcoal that may yield dates when tested by the radiocarbon 
method. We believe that these artifacts were made and used by the 
earliest inhabitants of the area and we have tentatively assigned 
these specimens to the Concho Complex, which is believed to be from 
2,000 to 3,000 years old. Actually, we know little about the culture 
of the Concho Complex people, but, as we now envision it, the Con- 
cho Complex was merely one local environmental specialization of a 
widely spread culture known as the Desert Culture, which has been 
very recently delineated and described by Dr. Jesse Jennings. The 
Cochise substratum of the Mogollon culture described in a half dozen 
or so Museum monographs also belonged to this larger unit, the Des- 
ert Culture, which extended from Oregon to the Valley of Mexico and 
from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Coast. 

Another series of excavations was conducted in a pit-house village. 
Eight houses were dug, some of which were 6 feet deep, 12 feet across, 
and roundish, with roofs of poles, brush, and a thick layer of native 
adobe supported by upright posts. The entrance was a hatchway in 
the roof or a lateral truncated tunnel. A hearth was near or in the 
center of the floor and a storage pit was in some floors. Excava- 
tions in the pit-houses yielded pottery (whole and broken), burials, 
milling, rubbing, and pecking stones, mortars and pestles, mauls, a 
fragment or two of shell bracelets, a tubular tobacco pipe of stone, 
stone projectile points, knives, scrapers, and saws, and bone awls and 

needles. The houses and all of the excavated materials show some 
distinguishing features that may be ascribed to three sources: the 
Concho Complex, the Anasazi (Pueblo) Complex centered to the 
north of Vernon, and the Mogollon Complex based to the south and 
west of Vernon. It is conjectured that the inhabitants of the village 
were the cultural inheritors and descendants of the Concho beach- 
dwellers who had been subjected to influences from two more highly 
develoi>ed cultures — the Anasazi and the Mogollon — and who had 
adopted some aspects of both, although in general the Mogollon traits 
dominate. Probably the Mogollon people had not yet migrated to 
this area. A guess-date on this pit-house village would be a.d. 600. 

When it was cleared, the fourth site (which was chosen for study 
because appearances indicated that it was of later date than the pit- 
house site) revealed a surface pueblo, or village, consisting of a series 
of four rooms with walls of crude stone masonry. This living arrange- 
ment is an abrupt change from the pit-house village and probably 
represents a diffusion from Anasazi Indians living to the north. 
Some of the tools and pottery types of the pit-house era had been 
retained here, but there were a few innovations in tool and pottery 
types, chief of which was a new black-and-white pottery (Snowflake 
black-on-white) of unknown antecedents. The conjectured date of 
this village is about A.D. 900. 

The fifth site selected for excavation was occupied about a.d. 1000 
to 1100 probably by the Mogollon Indians who were perhaps migrat- 
ing at this time into this area from the east and south. This village 
consisted of twelve to fifteen rooms arranged in the cellular fashion 
of a honeycomb, with a special room, or kiva, set aside for ceremonial 
purposes. Perhaps forty to sixty people inhabited this pueblo. We 
did not excavate the village itself because of lack of time, but in the 
nearby burial mound we uncovered fifteen burials, eight of which 
were infant skeletons. Eighteen pieces of mortuary pottery were re- 
covered from the graves, eight from the grave of one child. Presum- 
ably these pots had contained food offerings for the use of the spirit 
in the hereafter. The pottery types included plain utility wares as 
well as Snowflake black-on-white and Reserve black-on-white. The 
sixth site was an area strewn with potsherds and fragments of stone 
tools. Extensive trenching was carried on but no houses were found. 
It is possible that this was merely the site of a way-station or a tem- 
porary village. 

It is impossible at this time to assess the meaning of all the data 
collected — one can only feel one's way. When adequate knowledge 
of the area is obtained, more explicit statements and definite recon- 
struction can be made. The Museum is proud to acknowledge the 


Pueblo pottery excavated near Vernon, Arizona 
Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 1957 

co-operation of residents in and near Vernon, Arizona, who permitted 
the Museum scientists to conduct excavations on their ranches: F. 
Chilcott, Mr. and Mrs. Lester Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Claude Phipps, 
Frank StradUng, and Earl Thode. Thanks are also given to neigh- 
bors who were constantly helpful and friendly: Charles, Leon, and 
Milton Gillespie, Leonard Penrod, and Eben Whiting. Their friend- 
ship was of lasting benefit to the expedition. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
prepared an analysis of the pottery and the stone artifacts collected 
from more than a hundred sites in the vicinity of Vernon, Arizona, 
during the summer of 1956 and prepared a field report based on this 
analysis. This study provided a broad outline of the sequence of 
cultures in the area and was helpful in selecting the sites to be exca- 
vated during the 1957 season. He completed a report on the excava- 
tion of the Foote Canyon site, a large fourteenth-century pueblo 
excavated by the Southwest Archaeological Expedition in 1955, and 
continued collaboration with Chief Curator Martin on a report of 
the 1957 excavations. Dr. Martin is writing a book that will sum- 
marize in nontechnical language the work of the Museum's fifteen 


expeditions in New Mexico. He takes the materials preserved by 
time and good fortune and bit by bit fits them together into a mosaic 
portraying Mogollon culture from 5000 B.C. to about a.d. 1350. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, conducted research on problems of archaeology and en- 
vironment in the Upper Great Lakes region. He made study-trips 
to museums, universities, and colleges in Wisconsin, Michigan, and 
Ontario and field trips to northern Wisconsin, the upper peninsula 
of Michigan, and the north shore of Lake Superior in Ontario (see 
page 34). During the survey of the north shore of Lake Superior 
(a joint expedition of this Museum and the Museum of Anthropology 
of the University of Michigan led by Curator Quimby and Dr. James 
B. Griffin, Director of the Museum of Anthropology) test excava- 
tions were made in an Old Copper site on the shore of Lake Nipigon 
and in a historic Chippewa site at the mouth of the Pic River. The 
Chippewa site was unusual in that it contained cord-marked pottery 
associated with European trade-goods representative of the period 
around 1700. Research on Upper Great Lakes archaeology and en- 
vironment has included not only the data of archaeology but also the 
data of glacial geology, paleontology, pollen analysis, and other divi- 
sions of natural science in combination with geochronology and radio- 
carbon dates. Curator Quimby is writing a book on the results. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, made progress on analysis of data gathered in 1956 during 
the archaeological expedition to Peru. Under his supervision Myron 
Rosenberg and William Shroebel of the Department of Geography, 
University of Chicago, prepared a detailed map of the Casma Valley 
(scale of 1:40,000) showing topography, archaeological sites, irriga- 
tion canals, and the extent of cultivation at present and in prehistoric 
times based on aerial photographs and field data collected in 1956. 
The specimens collected by the expedition reached the Museum at 
end of June, and wood samples for radiocarbon dating have been sub- 





mitted to the Lament Geological Laboratory, Columbia University. 
He continued to collaborate with Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Research Asso- 
ciate in American Archaeology, in preparation of a definitive report 
on the large collection of Nazca pottery from southern Peru exca- 
vated by Dr. Kroeber for the Museum in 1926, a collection of excep- 
tional importance because it is the largest series in existence of 
documented Nazca pots from graves. 

Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnol- 
ogy, continued his research into the culture history of the Chinese 
region during the pre-Han period. Emphasis was upon the areas 
outside the traditional spheres of Chinese culture that center in what 
now is the southern half of China. 

Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnol- 
ogy, continued his research in Micronesian ethnology. Preparation 
of manuscripts for publication proceeded in the fields of social organi- 
zation, leadership, political change, and native bead-money, data for 
which were secured during field work undertaken in 1954-56 by 
Curator Force for the Tri-Institutional Pacific Program (see Annual 
Report 1956, page 40). During August and September he visited 
the major ethnological museums in western Europe to examine the 
Pacific collections held by them. Exhibits and study-storage collec- 
tions were inspected and discussed with curatorial staffs in London, 
Cambridge, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Leiden, Cologne, Hamburg, 
Copenhagen, Basel, and Lisbon. 

Assistant Curator Phillip H. Lewis, who was appointed in July 
to establish and develop a Division of Primitive Art in the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology, has planned a program of research and exhi- 
bition designed to study the nature of art as a phenomenon of human 
endeavor, thereby developing an anthropological approach to the 
study of primitive art that will be intelligible to nonanthropological 
researchers in art as well as to anthropologists. His research has two 
aspects. One aspect is concerned with adapting existing methods 
and ideas of the history and psychology of art to the problem of deal- 
ing with the art of primitive peoples. The other aspect is the study 
of change in primitive art in a specific culture — that of New Ireland. 
He has found that about one-third of the specimens collected by him 
in New Ireland in 1954 are the same as many of the older pieces in 
the Museum's collection and thus are directly comparable and that 
the rest can be compared stylistically with the earlier specimens. 

During the year Evett D. Hester, Thomas J. Dee Fellow in An- 
thropology and Associate Director of the Philippine Studies Program 
(see Annual Report 1956, page 74), continued work on the transla- 
tion and preparation for publication of the Alcina manuscript. 


Accessions— Anthropology 

The East Asian collections were notably enhanced through the 
generosity of Dr. David C. Graham, of Englewood, Colorado, who 
presented to the Museum a group of anthropological materials that 
he collected during his long residence in west China. Included is a 
collection of more than 300 Chinese and Tibetan rubbings and wood- 
block prints, outstanding among which is a series of rubbings (taken 
from west China tomb-reliefs dating from the Han period, 207 B.C. 
to A.D. 220) of particular historical, cultural, and aesthetic signifi- 
cance (described in Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, De- 
cember 1957). The rubbings and prints are especially welcome 
because most of the pieces originate in west China, a region previ- 
ously not well represented in the Museum's outstanding collection of 
more than 4,000 such rubbings (see page 30). A monetary contribu- 
tion was made to to the Museum by the American Friends of China 
in memory of Dr. Berthold Laufer, former Chief Curator of Anthro- 
pology, to be used for the acquisition of materials needed for the 
East Asian collections. Dr. William R. Bascom, Director of the 
Museum of Anthropology at the University of California, gave the 
Museum four objects of primitive art made by the Yoruba people of 
Nigeria, West Africa — two carved wooden figures from Oyo, Nige- 
ria, and two masks. A rare tapa-cloth poncho from Polynesia was 
presented by Mrs. Carl von Gunten of Wheaton, Illinois, the first 
garment of this kind in the Museum's collections from Polynesia. 
Among several items given by Miss C. F. Bieber of Santa Fe, New 
Mexico, was a fine example of bead and shell appliqu^ from Borneo. 
The Museum received an additional 132 pieces of Philippine ceramic 
recoveries from Evett D. Hester (the third and final portion of a 
collection that he has given to the Museum), in which Chinese, Sia- 
mese, and Indochinese origins are represented. 

Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator Quimby archaeological materials from 
eastern North America were moved to the third floor from the base- 
ment storeroom by Museum Fellow James A. Brown, who completed 
the checking of specimens and reorganized the collections by state 
and county proveniences. Sorting and checking the Oceanic collec- 
tions in the Pacific Research Laboratory was completed by Evett D. 
Hester and Allen S. Liss, Assistant in Anthropology, and the labora- 
tory and collections were opened for research. In addition, the per- 


ishable specimens from Africa were removed from the poison rooms 
on the fourth floor and added to the Oceanic materials. The African 
collections have already been moved into their new storage space. 
The study and storage facilities of the Pacific Research Laboratory 
make it possible to deal more systematically with two of the major 
primitive-art areas of the world, Oceania and Africa. Work was 
begun on rearranging the Middle and South American collections in 
Room 35, which was made available by moving the Melanesian col- 
lections into the Pacific Research Laboratory. 

Evett D. Hester, with the assistance of Albert Bradford and 
William J. Hiebert, Antioch College students, and Miss Patricia E. 
O'Shea, volunteer, completed cataloguing the entire Hester Collec- 
tion of ceramic recoveries from the Philippines that have come to the 
Museum over a period of years (see page 43) . A co-ordinated project 
was the organization of albums containing photographs of specimens 
in the Hester Collections that are housed in the Museum of Anthro- 
pology at the University of Michigan and at the J. B. Speed Art 
Museum in Louisville, Kentucky. Under the supervision of Chief 
Curator Martin, Miss Helen K. Kelly, Antioch College student, 
checked the kachinas presented to the Museum by Byron Harvey III 
(see Annual Report 1952, page 38) against the catalogue numbers and 
arranged the specimens for photographing. She later mounted the 
photographs and supplied the necessary captions. 

Curator Starr neared the end of his work of collaboration in cata- 
loguing the Berthold Laufer Collection of books in Oriental lan- 
guages, a collection forming part of the East Asian Collection. This 
project has been carried out in co-operation with Dr. Hoshien Tchen 
and Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt of the Library staff (see page 74). 

Exhibits— Anthropology 

Twelve new exhibits were prepared for Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern 
Indians of Mexico and Central America). Casts of Classic Maya 
sculpture from Yaxchilan, Guatemala, and Uxmal, Yucatan, were 
renovated by Ceramic Restorer Walter Boyer and installed on a 
specially constructed column in the center of the hall. Dioramist 
Alfred Lee Rowell completed for the hall a new diorama showing a 
Maya dedication ceremony, finished the renovation of models of an 
early Maya temple at Uaxactun, Guatemala, and a Mixtec palace at 
Mitla, Mexico, and worked on the renovation of a temple from 
Teotihuacan, Mexico, and on a new diorama of an Aztec market. 
The new exhibits emphasizing African art that have been installed 






in the African halls (Hall D and Hall E) are mainly concerned with 
the presentation of the famous Benin bronzes, of which the Museum 
has an important collection. Also, the African exhibits have been 
revised. A temporary exhibit of West African masks from the col- 
lection of William R. Bascom, of Berkeley, California, has recently 
been installed in Hall D, The imposing Chinese jade jar presented 
to the Museum by R. Bensabott (see Annual Report 1955, page 41) 
has been placed on permanent exhibition in the Jade Room (Hall 30) , 
where it enhances the Museum's fine collection of eighteenth-century 
Chinese jades. The specimens for the special exhibit on the Palau 
Islands of Micronesia displayed in Stanley Field Hall (see page 30) 
were collected by Curator Force in 1954-56 as part of his work for 
the Tri-Institutional Pacific Program (see page 42). Island struc- 
tures, costume, men's and women's work, symbols of status, house- 
hold utensils, native money, betel-nut chewing, and fishing gear were 
represented (the specimens were augmented by a number of en- 
larged photographs taken in the field) . All of these exhibits, except 
the Maya diorama, were designed and executed by Artist Gustaf 
Dalstrom, assisted ably by Preparator Walter C. Reese, 

Model of early Maya temple 
New exhibit in Hall 8 




















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Department of Botany 

Research and Expeditions 

The Curator Emeritus of Botany, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, continued 
classification of the genus Copemicia in collaboration with Dr. Sid- 
ney F. Glassman of the University of Illinois (Navy Pier, Chicago). 
Accompanied by L. W. Hansen, of Racine, Wisconsin, he visited a 
parklike stand of species of Copernicia in northern Cuba early in the 
year, and the two men have made numerous collections of flowers, 
fruits, and leaves at intervals since then. Copemicia material assem- 
bled in the Museum had so increased during recent years that addi- 
tional space had to be provided to house all larger specimens. The 
transfer and rearrangement of this material was entrusted to Karl 
Siewers, of Chicago, who formerly had put into order the large South 
American collections of Dr. K. S. Markley alone and with collabo- 
rators from the staff of S. C. Johnson and Son, Incorporated. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, continued his 
studies of various families in preparation of additional parts of Flora 
of Peru. He completed for publication another section, Halorrhaga- 
ceae-Cuscuta. Dr. Rogers McVaugh, curator of the phanerogamic 
herbarium of the University of Michigan, completed for publication 
as part of Flora of Peru his treatment of the family Myrtaceae. De- 
scriptions of numerous new species from Peru, prepared by Dr. 
McVaugh, have been published by the Museum in Fieldiana. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
identified large consignments of Hawaiian and East African plants, 
mostly Compositae, and published two papers based on these (see 
page 95). Early in the year Dr. Margery C. Carlson, Associate in 
Botany, spent three and one-half months in Central America collect- 
ing especially Loranthaecae. Her monograph on the genus Russelia 
(Scrophulariaceae) was published during the year by the Museum 
(see page 90) . 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, continued compara- 
tive studies of modem angiosperm pollen, in which work he was 
assisted by Miss M. Dianne Maurer. Later in the year he extended 
his pollen studies to the postglacial history of the vegetation of the 
north-central states. In connection with his work on fossil and living 
gymnosperms he visited the Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park in 
Washington (see page 34). Dr. Basheer Ahmed Razi, of Central 
College, Bangalore, India, spent seven months in the herbarium as 
an India Wheat Scholar under the auspices of the Conference Board 


of Associated Research Councils Committee on International Ex- 
change of Persons. He studied intensively all available collections 
of parasitic phanerogams from India and Pakistan as represented in 
American herbaria and prepared several papers for publication. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phanerogamic Herba- 
rium, restudied material for the next part of Flora of Guatemala 
(Standley and Steyermark) and directed work on the illustrations by 
Mrs. Marjorie Furr, Departmental Artist, and Samuel H. Grove, Jr., 
Artist-Preparator. He spent considerable time completing the iden- 
tifications of the families Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, and Lentibu- 
lariaceae collected by Dr. E. Yale Dawson for the Machris Brazilian 
expedition to the state of Goias. With the aid of a grant from the 
National Science Foundation, he assembled data for a revised edition 
of catalogue of the flowering plants of Missouri (Palmer and Steyer- 
mark) . In this connection several visits were made to the herbarium 
of Missouri Botanical Garden and collections were examined from 
several educational institutions of Missouri. Many field trips to 
Missouri were made by him to gather relevant distributional data. 
The work under this grant will be continued into 1958. 

Dr. Francis Drouet, Curator of the Cryptogamic Herbarium, con- 
tinued research in the classification of microscopic algae. Dr. Han- 
ford Tiffany and Donald Richards, Research Associates, conducted 
research in the taxonomy of the Oedogoniaceae and bryophytes, re- 
spectively. Dr. Gregorio T. Velasquez, of the University of the 
Philippines, Dr. Richard D. Wood of the University of Rhode Island, 
and Luis R. Almodovar, of San German, Puerto Rico, worked on 
various problems of algal classification and distribution in the crypto- 
gamic herbarium of the Museum. 

Dr. John W, Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, continued his 
work on seed and fruit morphology and classification and on several 
botanical field trips in Illinois (see page 34) devoted considerable 
time to study of grasses. He completed his survey of the economic 
uses of cycads. For the Index Nominum Genericorum he submitted 
additional entries for genera of the Scrophulariaceae. He also started 
work on the treatment of this family for the Catdlogo e Estatistica dos 
G^neros Fanerogdmicos, to be published by the Instituto Paranaense 
de Botanico, Curitiba, Brazil. Toward the end of the year he began 
preparation of abstracts for the journal Economic Botany. 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian, edited the last part 
of Flora of Peru (Macbride) and made it ready for publication. In 
addition to her regular duties she aided many correspondents by find- 
ing and sending to them descriptions of and information about exotic 
plants and their uses. 

48 J 




Accessions— Botany 

The largest gift to the phanerogamic herbarium consisted of 1,605 
specimens from the United States collected by Holly Reed Bennett. 
Major collections of plants acquired through exchange were received 
from the University of Michigan (757), Dr. Eberhard Kausel of San- 
tiago, Chile (498), and the Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro (251). 
Notable collections of plants from Pakistan and Australia were ac- 
quired by purchase. Important accessions to the cryptogamic her- 
barium were 208 bryophytes from the University of Tennessee and 
135 fungi from the University of California, both received in con- 
tinuation of exchange. The wood collection was increased by 309 
specimens and the seed collection by 1,153 additions. 

Care of the Collections— Botany 

During the year 12,750 plants were mounted and added to the phan- 
erogamic herbarium. Mounting and poisoning were done by Miss 
Olive Doig, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, Mrs. Ann Bigelow, and Nils Sieg- 
bahn, aided by Robert Yule and, for part of the year, by Miss Cath- 
erine Sanford, Miss Judith Stark, Miss Susan VandeCastle, and 
Albert Gilbert, student assistants. Mrs. EfRe M. Schugman and 
Miss Alice Middleton mounted 9,756 specimens of cryptogams and 
prepared them for filing in the general collection. During the year 
a total of 210 wood specimens was sent out in exchange. Curator 
Thieret was assisted in the care of the wood, seed, and economic col- 
lections by Mrs. Ann Bigelow and, for part of the year, by Miss 
Judith Stark and Peter Ogle, Antioch College students. Work on 
restoration of the type-photograph collection was continued by As- 
sistant J. S. Daston. Mrs. Lenore B. Warner continued to catalogue 
and file prints of the type-photograph collection and handle orders. 

Exhibits— Botany 

Work of reconditioning and installing a total of twenty-one tree ex- 
hibits in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26, North American 
Trees), which is temporarily closed for alteration, was done mainly 
by Curator of Exhibits Emil Sella and Preparator Walter Huebner. 
Curator Sella also spent some time preparing for exhibition in Hall 26 
restorations of original leafy branches of sugar pine (Pinus Lamberti- 
ana), western red cedar {Thuja plicata), incense cedar (Ldhocedrus 
decurrens), Port Orford white cedar {Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana) , 


Alaska yellow cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) , and redwood (Se- 
quoia sempervirens) . In Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29, 
Plant Life) a reproduction of a fruiting branch of the medicinal cas- 
cara sagrada {Rhamnus purshiana, see below) by Technician Frank 
Boryca was added to the Buckthorn family exhibit. While occupied 
with the preparation of models of various spices and food plants of 
American origin (tropaeolum, guava, ullucus, oca, arracacha, nut- 
meg, chayote, ginger), Artist-Preparator Grove also reproduced two 
fruiting branches of allspice (Pimenta officinalis) that were needed to 
augment the exhibit of the otherwise well-represented Myrtle family. 
Curator Thieret and Artist-Preparator Grove, assisted by Preparator 
Huebner, prepared a special exhibit on New World food plants for 
display in Stanley Field Hall (see page 30), using various models 
mentioned. Chief Curator Just and Artist-Preparator Grove pre- 
pared a special exhibit on Mexican sacred mushrooms also for display 
in Stanley Field Hall (see page 30), for which Dr. Rolf Singer, chair- 
man of the Department of Botany at Fundacion Miguel Lillo (Tucu- 
man, Argentina), kindly furnished herbarium specimens, living 
cultures, and photographs and aided in the preparation of the three 
models of Psilocybe species made by Artist-Preparator Grove. 


Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, aided by a grant from 
the National Science Foundation, left the Museum in mid September 
on a study trip to Western Europe, where he is currently engaged in 
research on meteorites. Before leaving he finished two studies on 
Central American volcanoes and a third on the structure of chon- 
drules in stony meteorites (see page 91). Earlier in the year he spent 
three months in the field continuing his studies of the volcanoes of 
Mexico and Central America with particular emphasis on those of the 
central range of Costa Rica (see page 34). 

Albert William Forslev, Associate Curator of Mineralogy and 
Petrology, has begun a study of the mineralogy and crystal chemical 
relationships of niobium-bearing minerals following the installation 
of the William J. and Joan A. Chalmers Mineralogical Laboratory 
that houses an X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence unit. This 
new equipment was subjected to extensive initial testing and has 
since been used for the identification and analysis of many rock and 
mineral specimens. 

Collecting specimens of fossil plants by George Langford, Curator 
of Fossil Plants, has been restricted to several one-day trips. Cura- 
tor Langford has continued to work with the large collection of Penn- 
sylvanian plant materials from the strip-mine area of Will and 
Grundy counties, Illinois, and has identified a large number of speci- 
mens brought to the Museum by amateur collectors. He has con- 
tinued to work on his nontechnical catalogue of the unusually varied 
flora of the Mazon Creek nodules. 

In the various divisions of paleozoology William D. Tumbull, 
Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, submitted for publication a 
study of a Late Cretaceous marsupial mammal from the Lance for- 
mation of Wyoming as well as notes on a mastodon of late Wisconsin 
age from Indiana and on the tjrpe specimen of a species of Phlegethon- 
tia, a Pennsylvanian limbless tetrapod. Besides making a compara- 
tive anatomical and functional investigation of the jaw mechanism 
of mammals, he carried on studies pertaining to the mammalian 
fauna of the Washakie formation of Wyoming that was deposited 
forty-five or fifty million years ago in mid-to-late Eocene time. The 
mammalian faunas of that time consist of an interesting mixture of 
terminal members of archaic mammal groups, quite unlike those 
familiar to us today, that dominated the scene during an earlier 

52 ^ 

burst of radiation in Paleocene time and of most interesting early 
representatives of many of the modem types. It was thus a time of 
rapid change and striking events in the history of the mammals when 
the balance of power, so to speak, gradually shifted from the old to 
the new. During the latter part of the summer Assistant Curator 
Turnbull and Chief Preparator Orville L. Gilpin returned to the 
Washakie Basin of Wyoming to continue their systematic search for 
fossils in that area (see page 34). Turnbull also made several short 
trips in the Chicago area to investigate Pleistocene and post-Pleisto- 
cene finds of mastodons and fossil elk, deer, and bison. 

The study of the Lower Devonian fishes of Utah and Wyoming 
was advanced this year by the completion of a paper on the arthro- 
dires, the third in a series by Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of 
Fossil Fishes. He is currently working on a closely related fish fauna 
in a collection made many years ago by Dr. J. Ernest Carman of 
Ohio State University and presented to the Museum last year (see 
Annual Report 1956, page 56) . The specimens were found in a lime- 
stone quarry in northwestern Ohio in a lens of dark shale, presumably 
a channel deposit, that is now completely covered and inaccessible. 
Since it is unlikely that further material will ever be obtained in this 
region. Dr. Carman's collection is of particular value. The euryp- 
terids associated with the fishes have been described by Dr. Erik N. 
Kjellesvig-Waering, now of the Pan-Jamaican Oil Company. Cura- 
tor Denison, assisted by Preparator Bruce Erickson, and for a short 
period by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, prospected 
in the Devonian black shales of western New York in an attempt to 
find a deposit that was rich enough in fossils to encourage quarrying 
for them (see page 34) . Although fragmentary fishes were found in 
many formations, the whole series of deposits proved to be too barren 
to justify any attempt of this sort. Operations were then transferred 
to central Pennsylvania, where a large series of late Silurian verte- 
brates was obtained. 

The Mecca project, an extremely complex and detailed study of a 
Pennsylvanian black-shale deposit in west-central Indiana that has 
occupied Curator Zangerl and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Cura- 
tor of Fossil Invertebrates, for the past several years (see Annual 
Report 1956, page 52), reached the stage where an analysis of the 
vast amount of data could begin. This involved the graphic repre- 
sentation of the horizontal and vertical distributions of the fossils 
and the fossil debris for every faunal element, the coprolites (fossil 
faecal material), and the driftwood. All this information was then 
correlated with the specific character of the various shale levels. 
These vary in character with the relative amount of land-derived clay 




minerals that they contain, thus reflecting periods of high water 
(gray shales, with a great amount of clay minerals) and periods of low 
water (black shales containing relatively small amounts of clay). 
The results obtained so far indicate periodic changes between stages 
of high and low water. 

The study has employed the results of the examination of the 
speed of bacterial decomposition of fishes under a variety of natural 
situations in Louisiana (see Annual Report 1956, pages 52-53) sim- 
ilar to those that produced the Mecca shales. As a factor for deter- 
mining the time involved in the deposition of the shales, it was found 
that each high and low water cycle lies within a period of the order 
of magnitude of one year, showing that four years were required for 
deposition of the entire shale profile of 12 inches. These results, 
although highly significant, are only part of the many-faceted Mecca 
problem. The specific character of the environment at the site of 
the Mecca quarry, the regional picture in the vicinity of Mecca, and 
the setting of the Mecca area within the overall geographic distribu- 
tion of land, coal swamp, and marsh and the open inland sea of the 
time, as well as the detailed reconstruction of events that followed 
the initial inundation of the Mecca area by the sea, require the analy- 
sis of the entire fossil collection from the Mecca quarry, as well as 
from many localities in the area, and stratigraphic findings in Parke 
and Vermillion counties, Indiana (see page 34). 

In the course of such field work early in the spring Curators Zan- 
gerl and Richardson discovered, in a gully some 15 miles north of the 
Mecca quarry site, a piece of shale that was covered entirely with the 
undisturbed shagreen (placoid scales) of the skin of a very large 
shark. This discovery led to the excavation of what may safely be 
called the most perfectly preserved shark ever found in the Pennsyl- 
vanian the world over and to the opening up of a second quarry far 
larger than the one at Mecca. The excavation is located on the land 
of Mr. and Mrs. P. Herbert Logan of Indianapolis, Indiana, whose 
kind permission to open a quarry is gratefully acknowledged. Chief 
Preparator Gilpin and Preparator Erickson assisted in the initial exca- 
vation of the large shark. Miss Barbara Best and Miss L. Margot 
Marples, Antioch College students, worked in the laboratory on 
preparation of the quarried material. 

Curator Zangerl, with Dr. Frederick J. Medem of Colombia, Field 
Associate in the Department of Zoology of the Museum, described a 
new side-neck turtle of the subgenus Batrachemys (genus Phrynops) . 
In connection with this study Curator Zangerl was invited by Dr. 
Ernest Williams, Curator of Reptiles and Amphibians at the Museum 
of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, to spend a week at 


his laboratory for a discussion of the systematic relationships among 
the South American chelyid turtles. Dr. Zangerl also collaborated 
with Dr. Robert Sloan, of the Department of Geology of the Univer- 
sity of Minnesota, in the study of the second known specimen of a 
fossil sea- turtle, Desmatochelys lowi Williston (see page 58). 

Curator Richardson investigated an exposure of Upper Creta- 
ceous Bearpaw shale on the shore of the Fort Peck Reservoir in 
northern Montana to determine whether a paleoecological investi- 
gation of that area on the model of the Mecca project would be feas- 
ible (see page 34). Although he found abundant fossil ammonites 
and lobsters, he found that the depositional environment was such 
that a study of the proposed sort would not yield the desired infor- 
mation. On his way back to Chicago he collected fossil vertebrates 
near Fairburn, South Dakota. During the year he described a new 
species of a large Pennsylvanian arthropod, Arthropleura, basing his 
study on a specimen collected and presented to the Museum by Dr. 
Glenn Boas, of Chicago (see below). 

Accessions— Geology 

A notable addition to the fossil invertebrate collection during the 
year was a gift from Dr. Glenn Boas, of Chicago — the first piece of 
the dorsal covering of an Arthropleura to be found in North America. 
Arthropleura, the largest swamp-dwelling invertebrate, was a five- 
foot-long monster resembling a myriapod or a sowbug but most 
closely related to the trilobites. Dr. Boas collected the specimen in 
the strip-mine dumps near Coal City, Illinois. Specimens of partial 
legs were collected in 1952 by a Museum field party, and a complete 
leg was found in 1953 by Mrs. John McLuckie of Coal City. Thus 
the presence of Arthropleura in this deposit was known, but until the 
specimen collected by Dr. Boas became available it had not been 
possible to describe the species because the necessary characters for 
comparison with known European species lie in the dorsal covering. 
A very fine addition to the collection of fossil fishes is the large, 
perfectly preserved Pennsylvanian shark excavated at the site of the 
Museum's Logan Quarry in Parke County, Indiana (see page 55), 
by Curators Richardson and Zangerl with the able assistance of Chief 
Preparator Gilpin and Preparator Erickson. This specimen, of which 
the tail had been removed by erosion long before the fossil was found, 
has a length of 83^ feet from the tip of the head to a point just in 
front of the pelvic girdle. The entire animal was probably 13 feet 
long. In addition to this unique specimen, the Logan Quarry has 







produced many other smaller kinds of sharks, often in near-perfect 
condition of preservation, as well as large numbers of very fine speci- 
mens of palaeoniscoid fishes. 

Many fossil vertebrates have to be described on the basis of a 
single, often inadequately preserved specimen. As a consequence, 
the systematic position of such animals is in continuous debate until 
additional specimens are found. Dr. Robert Sloan, of the Depart- 
ment of Geology of the University of Minnesota, recently recovered 
and assembled from various places, including taverns, pieces of a 
Cretaceous sediment containing the bones of an originally articulated 
skeleton of a sea turtle. The rock is part of the waste material 
stripped off the surface (of what once were granite islands in a late 
Cretaceous sea) by commercial granite-quarrying companies in west- 
ern Minnesota and extreme eastern South Dakota. Happily, most 
of the skeleton was recovered and the pieces fit together perfectly. 
Moreover, the remains could be identified as belonging to Desmato- 
chdys lowi Williston, a rare sea-turtle known only from the rather 
incompletely preserved type-specimen that was described by Willis- 
ton more than sixty years ago and has puzzled students of fossil 
turtles ever since. Dr. Sloan has offered this fine specimen to the 
Museum in exchange for study materials. 

The most noteworthy additions to the fossil-mammal collection 
were those made by the Museum's expedition to the Washakie Basin 
(see page 53). Earlier expeditions to this basin have, with but few 
exceptions, recovered the larger elements such as uintatheres, titano- 
theres, rhinos, and smaller artiodactyls and horses. Curator Turn- 
bull and Chief Preparator Gilpin, however, were lucky enough to 
discover a microfauna that notably enhances the significance of this 
important and valuable collection. 

Care of the Collections— Geology 

A complete inventory of the Museum's mineral collection was made 
and those minerals that are not in the collection were listed. It was 
found that the several thousand specimens in the collection represent 
43 per cent of the known kinds of minerals. The collection of fossil 
plants is being completely overhauled. In addition to the standard 
records, an illustrated descriptive catalogue is being made for this 
collection. In addition to routine repair of specimens accidentally 
damaged while being studied, a fairly large number of specimens of 
mammals, reptiles, and fishes was prepared and integrated into the 
collection in spite of the fact that much of the time of the prepara- 


tion staff was devoted to work on exhibits. In addition, 35 plaster 
casts of specimens were made and shipped to universities, colleges, 
and other museums. To facilitate handling and storing of the Mecca 
specimens (see page 53) a special rock-saw was designed and built 
by the personnel of the Division of Paleontology. 

Exhibits— Geology 

Seventeen exhibits, all devoted to mineralogy, were completed and 
installed in the new Hall of Meteorites and Minerals (Hall 35). 
Thirteen of these exhibits consist of minerals arranged systematically 
according to their structural and chemical relationships. Although 
the number of specimens exhibited is considerably reduced in com- 
parison with the old exhibits of minerals, the number of species has 
been increased, resulting in a more comprehensive representation. 
Four exhibits are introductory in nature and include: (1) naturally 
occurring elements, (2) mineral crystals, (3) physical properties of 
minerals, and (4) an introduction to rocks and minerals. The hall 
has been closed to the public for the past year, but every effort is 
being made to complete the mineral exhibits so that the mineralog- 
ical section of the hall may be open to the public in the spring of 1958. 
To accomplish this task Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, 
Assistant Henry Horback, and Preparator Henry U. Taylor, in co- 
operation with Associate Curator Forslev, are devoting their full 
time to the planning, preparation, and installation of the new ex- 
hibits. Drawings of crystal structures, diagrams, and an oil painting 
of Death Valley are the competent work of Miss Maidi Wiebe, De- 
partmental Artist. 

The major effort in the paleontological laboratory has been di- 
rected toward the completion of the partial mounted skeleton of 
Brontosaurus in Hall 38. The bones of the neck, shoulder girdle, and 
forelimbs have been prepared, the re-enforcing supports are ready, 
and final assembly of the skeleton is under way. It is hoped that 
the mount will be completed early in the spring of 1958. We extend 
our sincere thanks to Joseph T. Ryerson and Son, Incorporated, and 
to W. M. Sikkema, one of the structural fabricating engineers of the 
company, for their assistance in the determination of types and 
weights of steel to be used for the mount of the brontosaur skeleton. 

Five special exhibits were installed in Stanley Field Hall in con- 
nection with the annual contest and show sponsored by the Chicago 
Lapidary Club for amateur lapidarists of the Chicago area (see 
"Special Exhibits" on page 30). 


Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

Expeditions by nonstaff members were made in Colombia and in 
Peru. In Colombia the Macarena Mountains, rising to an altitude of 
5,500 feet, form an isolated little-known mountain-mass east of the 
Andes, Mammals were the main objective of the expedition in this 
area, but birds, reptiles, fishes, and invertebrates were also collected 
by Kjell von Sneidern of Popayan, Colombia, who carried on the 
work (see page 34). An important geographic area in Peru, unrepre- 
sented in our collection by mammals, was investigated by Celestino 
Kalinowski of Cuzco, Peru, who worked in the Amazonian regions 
bordering Brazil (see page 34). Although he specialized in mammals, 
he collected other groups of animals. 

Staff members carried on field work in Egypt, Angola, Philip- 
pines, Nepal, western Caribbean, equatorial Atlantic off northern 
South America, and the United States. Field Associate Harry Hoog- 
straal continued his work in Egypt, sending us collections that were 
especially important in mammals. Research Associate Rudyerd 
Boulton, during a visit to Africa, made a collection of birds for us 
in Angola. Field Associate D. S. Rabor collected birds in Samar, 
Philippine Islands (see page 34), and Field Associate Robert L. 
Fleming, stationed with his Mission in Nepal, found time to continue 
his bird work there. 

The collection of deep-sea fishes that resulted from activities of 
Curator Loren P. Woods in co-operative field work with the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service (see page 34) was made by trawling 
from the motor vessel Oregon. Trawling was carried on in the west- 
ern part of the Caribbean Sea in August and September in depths of 
10 to 500 fathoms. During November trawling was done in the 
Atlantic Ocean off northern South America (from Trinidad to the 
mouth of the Amazon) from 20 to 50 miles offshore to about the edge 
of the continental shelf in depths of 10 to 100 fathoms. Field work 
in the United States (see page 34) included insect collecting by Cura- 
tor Rupert L. Wenzel in the Big Horn Mountains and eastern slope 
of the Rocky Mountains and by Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas 
(who was joined by Research Associate Alex K. Wyatt) in i he Pacific 

The check-list of South American mammals in preparation by 
Curator Philip Hershkovitz, aided by a grant from the National 
Science Foundation, is making good progress, and the sections on 


monkeys, bats, and hoofed animals are all in final form. Work has 
been interrupted periodically by the necessity of identifying African 
mammals for scientists in various other institutions who are study- 
ing the ectoparasites that were collected with the mammals. Tem- 
porary Assistant A. Stanley Rand helped for five months with this 
African work. Taxonomic research on New World mammals re- 
sulted in several short papers, including a revision of the arboreal 
rice rats of the genus Oryzomys. A revision of the galagos, or bush 
babies, of Africa is almost completed. 

The co-operative project with Harvard University, the comple- 
tion of Peters' Check-list of Birds of the World, has been carried a 
step forward by completion of the manuscript on the New World 
jays and crows (family Corvidae) by Curator Emmet R. Blake and 
of the shrike family (Laniidae) by Chief Curator Austin L. Rand, in 
the course of which studies several short papers were prepared. A 
recent comprehensive well-illustrated work on American wood-war- 
blers (family Parulidae) contains two chapters by Curator Blake on 
the wood-warblers of Mexico and those of South America, areas in 
which he is a specialist (see page 96), Study by Curator Blake of 
the systematics of South American birds brought discovery of a new 
species of antbird and publication of its description (see page 91). 
Work with the collection of birds of Japan donated by John T. Moyer 
(see page 113) resulted in a short paper by Assistant Curator Mel- 
vin A. Traylor, Jr., who also completed a report on the great horned 
owls of South America and prepared sections dealing with nine species 
of birds for the Check-List of North American Birds (American Orni- 
thologists' Union). Most of his time, however, was spent in prepar- 
ing a report, with Chief Curator Rand, on the Museum's collection 
of Gabon birds. Associate Ellen T. Smith, with the collaboration of 
Dr. William J. Beecher, of Chicago, has devoted much time to prep- 
aration of a condensed guide to the birds of the Chicago area. Re- 
search on Philippine birds received impetus with the arrival from 
the Philippines of Field Associate Rabor (see page 60), who, with 
Chief Curator Rand, wrote several short taxonomic papers and one 
paper on the relationships of domestic and jungle fowl in the Philip- 
pines. Chief Curator Rand also prepared a short paper on left and 
right in animals. 

Study of the huge collection of Congo frogs and toads, 74,934 
specimens, a joint undertaking of Curator Robert F. Inger and the 
late Curator Emeritus Karl P. Schmidt, is nearing completion (see 
Annual Report 1955, page 58). The material obtained in Borneo in 
1956 is being studied by Curator Inger and a paper on temperature 
responses of two lizards has been prepared. A small genus of North 


Two of eight screens in new exhibit 
"The Animal Kingdom" (Hall 13) 

Africa-Southwest Asia snakes has been revised by Assistant Hymen 
Marx, who with Dr. Charles A. Reed of the School of Pharmacy, 
University of Illinois, has completed a study of the collections of rep- 
tiles and amphibians made by Dr. Reed in the Near East (1954-55). 
Curator Woods continued his study of sea fishes of the Gulf of 
Mexico and Caribbean Sea (see page 60). Study of the fishes col- 
lected by the motor vessel Oregon is a continuing project of Associate 
Marion Grey, who is also carrjdng on her survey of the fish fauna 
found below a depth of about 900 meters. She has started a revision 
of the fish family Gonoslomatidae for the co-operative work, "Fishes 
of Western North Atlantic," a series of volumes (some of which have 
already appeared) written by various authorities and published by 
Sears Foundation. Anatomical studies of the serrasalmoid fishes and 
of sibling species of the genus Pomacentrus, the latter by examination 
of serial sections prepared by the Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola 
University, were carried on during the year by Dr. Edward M. 
Nelson, Associate in the Museum's Division of Fishes. 


A revision of the beetle genus Margarinotus was continued by 
Curator Wenzel (see page 60), who also prepared a paper on tech- 
niques of photographing and studying minute insects. Papers on 
the periodical cicada, begun last year by Associate Curator Dybas, 
are nearing completion. One is being done in collaboration with 
D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, and the other 
with Dr. Monte Lloyd of the University of Chicago. Research Asso- 
ciate Charles H. Seevers continued his study of rove beetles, and 
Associate Lillian A. Ross continued her work with spiders. 

Study of the minute landsnails of some West Indian islands con- 
tinued to occupy Curator Fritz Haas, but he also described a remark- 
able new fresh-water snail from Lake Titicaca in the Andes. The 
completion of a monograph on the New Hebridean land and fresh- 
water mollusks was the major accomplishment of Assistant Curator 
Alan Solem. In addition he submitted for publication three faunal 
reports on Melanesian marine shells, one on the nonmarine shells of 
Florida Island of the Solomon Islands, a note on a New Queensland 
landsnail, a commentary on the classification of some Pacific land- 
snails, and a short paper on some Mexican landsnails. Assistant 
Curator Solem has initiated another project, a check-list of New 
Caledonian nonmarine shells. As an aid to preparing the essential 
illustrations for his taxonomic work he developed a time-saving tech- 
nique in co-operation with the Staff Artist and the Division of Pho- 
tography (see page 88). 

The anatomy and evolution of carnivorous mammals was the 
continuing project of Curator Davis. He also completed a report on 
the mammals of North Borneo, based on material collected by the 
Museum's Borneo Zoological Expeditions of 1950 and 1956. The 
study of placentas and fetal membranes of primitive mammals col- 
lected by the Borneo expedition of 1950 was continued by Associate 
Waldemar Meister and Curator Davis. A paper on the breeding 
cycle of mammals in a tropical rainforest, based on material from the 
same expedition, was prepared by Assistant Phyllis Wade. Research 
Associate R. M. Strong continued his studies of the anatomy of birds. 

Accessions— Zoology 

A number of outstanding additions to our collections were received 
during the year. In the collection of Macarena mammals, some 440 
specimens representing about 70 species (see page 60) are mammals 
new to science and others recorded for the first time in Colombia 
(among rarities in this collection is a Kappler's armadillo with a well- 


developed spur on each hind foot). Another important accession of 
mammals is two European bison (skins and skeletons), gift of 
Tierpark Hellabrunn, Munich, through its director, H. Heck. The 
largest accessions of birds came from our expeditions, 1,639 speci- 
mens from Samar in the Philippines and 241 specimens from Madre 
de Dios, Peru (see page 60), both lots providing new research mate- 
rial. The collection of African reptiles and amphibians was enriched 
by about 800 specimens (primarily from the National Park Institu- 
tion of the Belgian Congo, from M. C. J. lonides, and from Field 
Associate Hoogstraal, by exchange, purchase, and gift), which in- 
clude some specimens of described species not represented in our 
collections. The fishes received as exchange or gift (some 2,680 speci- 
mens) from the University of California at Los Angeles are particu- 
larly valuable as reference material. As new research material the 
1,042 lots of fishes (approximately 5,210 specimens) collected in co- 
operation with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service are par- 
ticularly important (see page 60) . Chicago Zoological Society con- 
tinued to donate to our collections specimens of rare and difRcult-to- 
secure animals that die in their custody. 

With the purchase of the cetoniid and lucanid beetle collections 
of the late Eduard Knirsch of Vienna (about 34,000 specimens) our 
insect collections have become the most important in the western 
hemisphere for the study of these beetles (see page 68) . Exchanges 
brought some 500 species of European beetles from the Frey Museum, 
Munich, and the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt. As gifts we 
received a collection including about 2,000 North American butter- 
flies and moths from Dr. David Kistner, of the University of Roches- 
ter, and from expeditions more than 2,000 mammal ectoparasites. 

The purchase of the James Zetek collection of nonmarine shells 
added to our mollusk collection 40,000 specimens representing about 
4,000 species, the most important accession of shells in the past ten 
years. Dr. Zetek exchanged specimens with conchologists in all parts 
of the world and many famous malacologists were among his corre- 
spondents. Some material in the collection has assumed special im- 
portance because of world events (see page 84). A gift of 759 
European clausiliid landsnails was received from the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia in return for identifications, about 
1,200 marine shells of the Ryukyu Islands were purchased from 
Mrs. Rudolf J. Rogers, a collection of rare and beautiful seashells 
was given by Walter Cherry of Winnetka, Illinois, and, as in past 
years, a series of species unrepresented in our collection of marine 
shells came to us as a gift from Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel of Scarsdale, 
New York (100 marine shells, worldwide). 





Care of the Collections— Zoology 

Our collections are growing at a good rate. This is a healthy condi- 
tion for a research institution, but it means, of course, that the new 
material must be processed, housed, and cared for. Processing in- 
cludes identification, often cataloguing, and sometimes special treat- 
ment before the new specimens can be incorporated into the specimen 
files of our permanent collections. All this is part of the routine 
that, varying in detail from division to division, is the heavy respon- 
sibility of every curator. Fortunately the divisions of birds, mam- 
mals, insects, fishes, and reptiles and amphibians have had secretarial 
help and also, to aid in curatorial work, several temporary assistants, 
a number of volunteer assistants, and four Antioch College students 
(David Graybeal, Ben Massie, John Nash, and Miss Anita Pope). 

In addition to routine care of the mammal collections, a several- 
years' backlog of African-mammal skulls was cleaned for study. 
Tanner Dominick Villa and Assistant Taxidermist Mario Villa pre- 
pared large skins of both African and South American mammals for 
the study collection. Assistant Taxidermist Peter Anderson remade 
some salted birdskins into Museum specimens. Osteologist Sophie 
Andris carried on work for both the Division of Mammals (cleaning 
1,360 skulls) and the Division of Anatomy (preparing 92 skeletons) . 

The last of the 20,547 bird specimens of the Koelz Collection 
acquired in 1956 was catalogued and so made available for incorpora- 
tion into the collection, and the bird collections from gulls to ostriches 
were rearranged. Shifting of the fish collection to make it more 
usable was started by Assistant Pearl Sonoda, on whom much of 
the routine work of the Division of Fishes rests. The large numbers 
of specimens that the Division of Insects must handle (there are 
about three-quarters of a million species of living insects) put a pro- 
portionately large burden of routine curatorial work on that staff. 
Curator Emeritus William J. Gerhard completed reorganizing and 
arranging the Museum's collections of ants, bees, and wasps. Re- 
search Associate Wyatt worked with North American butterflies and 
moths, incorporating with them the extensive Wyatt Collection. 
Assistant August Ziemer arranged North American moths and trans- 
ferred nearly half of the Knirsch Collection of palearctic beetles into 
unit trays. The Division of Lower Invertebrates, like the Division 
of Insects, deals with a great many species. There are perhaps 
100,000 in the phylum (compared with 3,500 mammals, for instance), 
and the number of specimens is correspondingly great and routine 
curatorial work heavy. Curator Haas and Assistant Curator Solem 
have done most of this themselves, processing 57,000 shells. 




Exhibits— Zoology 

Two new exhibits were installed. "The Animal Kingdom" is the 
inclusive title for one of them, which is a series of eight cases, each 
showing examples of one of the main types of animals from proto- 
zoans and sponges to echinoderms (starfish, etc.) and vertebrates. 
Appropriate paintings, which show where the animals live, carry the 
mind beyond the animals and the confines of the cases. The exhibit, 
strategically located between the Museum's north entrance and the 
zoology halls, serves as an introduction to the zoology exhibits. The 
explanatory labels in each case refer to the location of related ex- 
hibits in the Museum. Although the work of this exhibit was super- 
vised by Chief Curator Rand and its preparation carried out largely 
by Artist Joseph B. Krstolich, the plan was co-operative. Most of 
the zoology curatorial staff made recommendations, and Curator 
Haas and Assistant Curator Solem gave special attention to the in- 
vertebrates. Taxidermists Carl W. Cotton and Ronald J. Lambert 
prepared certain specimens, and Staff Artist E. John Pfiffner and 
Staff Illustrator Marion Pahl were responsible for the design. 

A quite different kind of exhibit is the "Colorful Birds" placed in 
the center of Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21, Birds in Systematic 
Arrangement) . It is a sculpture of wire decked with brightly colored 
birds — vivid, modern, and eye-catching — and its message is that 
birds can be gay, beautiful creatures of light and air. The exhibit 
was designed and executed by Staff Artist Pfiffner and Taxidermist 
Cotton. The exhibits "Turtles of Chicagoland" and "Nonvenomous 
Snakes of the United States" were revised by Taxidermist Lambert 
and installed in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18, Reptiles, Amphib- 
ians, and Insects). A selection of striking cetoniid and stag beetles 
from the Knirsch Collection (see page 64) was shown in Stanley Field 
Hall for a month (see page 30) and then transferred to Hall 18. 














The adoption of sound principles of choosing what to add to its col- 
lections is fundamental in a science library, and the growing mass 
of publications increases the difficulty of determining what should be 
acquired. Recommendations for purchase are chiefly the responsi- 
bility of the scientists of the Museum staff, and special attention is 
given to collections known to be weak. Some retrospective buying 
has been done, primarily for the Division of Oceanic Archaeology and 
Ethnology and the Division of Mineralogy and Petrology. Gaps are 
gradually being filled. However, there are definite limits to the 
amount of material that can be acquired, housed, and managed effi- 
ciently. The Library faces a difficult situation in providing the 
essential publications and keeping them available in perpetuity with- 
in the limits of available funds and available space. 

Total acquisitions in the Library during the year amounted to 
12,748 items, exclusive of book-order receipts (see a selected list of 
books and serials on page 115). Volumes accessioned numbered 1,293, 
and 405 volumes were withdrawn. Many of the volumes withdrawn 
have been sold and the proceeds added to the Library purchase fund. 
Others have been exchanged for wanted items or held for future sale. 

Many important gifts enriched the Library's resources. Grateful 
acknowledgment is made to the donors (see page 115) both for their 
interest in the Library and for their contributions to the collection. 
The Library was the fortunate but sad recipient of the scientific 
library of the late Dr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator Emeritus of Zoology. 
This notable and unique library consists primarily of a comprehen- 
sive collection of literature on herpetology, although books and 
papers on other divisions of zoology and on natural science in general 
are included. The material constitutes a valuable reference collec- 
tion and the Museum is indeed grateful for it. As for many years 
the John Crerar Library again provided important journals, serials, 
and individual publications on indefinite loan for use in the Museum. 
The assistance given to us by the John Crerar Library and its interest 
in our work are deeply appreciated. 

The Library has benefited more than ever during the past year 
from its exchange arrangements with scientific institutions through- 
out the world. Many important journals and monographs that the 
Museum could not otherwise afford were received, many new ex- 
changes were established, and some earlier exchanges were revised so 
that institutions no longer actively engaged in publishing or having 
little or no material to offer in exchange have placed subscriptions for 
the Museum's papers. 


Acquisitions aside from books and periodicals include a microfilm 
reader and a microcard reader. A collection of records, consisting of 
folksongs, Indian dances, tribal music, bird calls, sounds of the sea, 
etc., has been acquired. Additions to this collection will be made. 

While its primary purpose is service to the Museum staff, the 
Library has become over the years an important center of research 
for other scholars and students. The Museum Library seeks to assist 
readers in securing information and in using the resources of the 
Library in study and research, and the reference librarian gives 
prompt, efficient service both to the scientific staff and to visitors. 
Our visitors are usually scholars pursuing advanced studies, col- 
leagues in the fields of natural science, or random seekers after 
facts. They are sometimes hesitant about using the card catalogue 
and may have difficulty in expressing their needs for reference mate- 
rial. In such cases the reference librarian can be especially helpful. 
Our reference work includes answering inquiries by telephone and 
through the mail and, because of the specific nature of the Library's 
collection, there are many unique requests. For specialized data the 
reference librarian has found it expedient to supplement the pub- 
lished information by consulting the Museum's scientific staff. 

The reference librarian is also responsible for maintenance of the 
Kardex Record on which are recorded daily the hundreds of serials, 
journals, monographs, and series received in the Museum. The ref- 
erence division sent out many form-letters for material that failed to 
come in and compiled the quarterly lists of books overdue in the 
General Library. Visitors used 1,636 volumes in the reading room, 
and 6,645 items were entered on the Kardex. The Library was for- 
tunate to have the services of Phillip Mershon, Antioch College 
student, who, in addition to other Library duties, assisted in the 
reading room. 

The generally recognized difficulty in obtaining cataloguers is a 
serious impediment in the progress of our cataloguing and classifica- 
tion work. Our cataloguing division is currently understaffed because 
of the absence in mihtary service of William P. Fawcett, former An- 
tioch College student. It is necessary for the Library not only to 
produce required information but also to produce it in short time. 
The information sought is often quite specific, so that cataloguing 
must be detailed in extreme. As a result the catalogues are large in 
relation to the collections, and the work necessary to produce and 
maintain them is great and expensive. 

Accomplishments for the year are as follows: 802 new volumes 
(represented by 576 main entries in the card catalogue) were cata- 
logued and classified; 1,220 volumes (represented by 188 main entries 





in the card catalogue) were reclassified; 1,205 monographs and arti- 
cles were analyzed (they are represented in the card catalogue by an 
author card and one or more subject cards) ; 82 volumes transferred 
from the John Crerar Library on permanent loan were catalogued 
under the Library of Congress system and added to this Museum's 
Library records; and 319 temporary main-entry cards were prepared 
for the remainder of the volumes transferred from the John Crerar 
Library so that the volumes may be represented in the Museum's 
catalogue until they can be completely catalogued and classified. 
Miss Patricia Williamson, summer assistant, began work on an au- 
thorities file for authors. In this file are now 1,434 cards, and the 
Library of Congress section of the Library's author file has been 
amended through the letter "B." A total of 18,650 catalogue cards 
was prepared and filed in the main card catalogue and in the cata- 
logues of the departments. A total of 131 items was translated. 

In the Asiatic section of the Library Dr. Hoshien Tchen contin- 
ued his work of cataloguing the East Asian Collection of books in 
Oriental languages, cataloguing new acquisitions and bringing to 
near completion his part in the processing of the large collection of 
Chinese and Japanese titles acquired by Dr. Berthold Laufer, former 
Chief Curator of Anthropology. Including new acquisitions and the 
Laufer books, 431 titles consisting of more than 2,300 volumes were 
catalogued during the year by Dr. Tchen. In addition, minor repairs 
were made on those books that through age and mishandling were in 
need of special care. Since 1954 Dr. Tchen has catalogued about 
1,500 titles, consisting of more than 11,500 volumes. 

It is a particular source of satisfaction to note that after three 
years of concentrated work Dr. Tchen has all but finished the monu- 
mental task of making a preliminary catalogue of the Chinese and 
Japanese portions of the Laufer Collection. There remains only a 
month or two of organizational and repair work. The magnitude of 
cataloguing this valuable collection of books may be realized when 
it is pointed out that the Laufer books in Chinese and Japanese lan- 
guages number 1,119 titles in 7,809 volumes and that the collection 
in content spans the entirety of East Asiatic history and culture — 
art and archaeology, biography, dictionaries, encyclopaedias and 
other reference works, geography, history, literature, philosophy and 
religion, science and industry. Among these titles are a great num- 
ber of fine woodblock editions dating from the Ming (A.D. 1368-1644) 
and Ch'ing (A.D. 1644-1911) periods. 

Although the preliminary cataloguing is near completion, much 
remains to be done before the processing of the East Asian Collection 
is finally done. This applies particularly to the Laufer books. The 


proper classification of the titles arid the preparation of catalogue 
cards by means of which the books are made available for use must 
be completed. After the necessary repairs have been made on the 
books, proper binders must be provided for the Chinese-style vol- 
umes, many of which are in numbered sets. Such binders are stand- 
ard in the handling of Oriental books because they tend to prevent 
losses and also protect the delicate paper against dirt and abuse. 
Temporarily the books have been bound in heavy wrapping paper 
and tied with string. Tight cabinets will be provided for the unique, 
rare, or extremely fine works so that they will be protected. 

The interlibrary-loan system is an agreement between libraries 
whereby each library is responsible for the successful completion of 
the transaction and the return in good condition of all material bor- 
rowed and lent. It is a courtesy extended by libraries to each other. 
Although some libraries charge the individual for the costs incurred 
in an interlibrary-loan transaction, the Museum assumes the expense 
for the maintenance of this service. In order that costs may be held 
to a minimum the Library consistently checks the information sup- 
plied in requests for loans because shipments of the wrong material 
would be expensive and serve no purpose. Much time is spent by 
the Library in keeping accurate interlibrary-loan records. Both out- 
going and incoming shipments are evaluated for insurance against 
the cost of replacement if lost or damaged in transit. Interlibrary- 
loan activities during the year included many requests for photo- 
duplications and microfilms. A total of 262 volumes was lent. 

The proper care of the book collection continues endlessly. Peri- 
odic surveys are made of the shelves to determine the condition of 
the volumes and to withdraw those in need of repair or rebinding. 
Inasmuch as many publishers are issuing publications in paper bind- 
ings it is necessary to add the paperbound acquisitions to the regular 
bindery program. During the year 1,208 volumes were prepared for 
the commercial bindery, 816 volumes were repaired, and 3,400 vol- 
umes were labeled and bookplated. This division of the Library also 
labeled, captioned, lettered, stamped, boxed, collated, accessioned, 
and applied ownership marks to the volumes catalogued during the 
year. Reshelving and arranging books in the order of their classifi- 
cation and packing and wrapping material shipped on interlibrary 
loan are further responsibilities of this division. 

Overcrowding of the anthropology and botany libraries and lack 
of space to house the additions are again serious problems. Study 
was given to the Library's problem of space, and plans for installa- 
tion of stacks in the room opposite the main anthropology library 
have been under consideration. 



In today's complex world, with demands coming from all directions 
for the public's attention, an institution, no matter how great, must 
constantly remind people of its existence and of its program, if it is 
to function to its maximum. To achieve this objective the Division 
of Public Relations unceasingly harasses the Director and the mem- 
bers of the scientific staff for news. The Museum is filled with ma- 
terial for stories of unusual interest, so that it is possible to keep a 
steady flow of releases and photographs moving into the editorial 
offices of newspapers, magazines, and radio and television stations. 
The cumulative result is that the public is aware that the Museum 
exists for the benefit of the public, that it is one of the really worth- 
while places to visit, that it is contributing to the advance of science, 
and that it is one of Chicago's important educational facilities. 

As in preceding years, the Museum enjoyed gratifying co-opera- 
tion from the press and from radio-television. Grateful acknowl- 
edgment is made not only to the great metropolitan dailies of Chicago 
and the large network-connected radio and television stations but 
also to hundreds of community newspapers and to some nineteen 
independent radio stations important in local areas. 

Acknowledgment for courtesies is also made to the giant wire- 
services and the radio-television networks that give coast-to-coast 
and even world-wide distribution to the more important news origi- 
nating in the Museum. In addition, the Museum has been the recip- 
ient of courtesies from many other types of organizations. For 
example, the Chicago Transit Authority, Illinois Central System, 
and Chicago and North Western Railway have continued their cus- 
tom of many years of advertising, without cost, the Museum's 
Edward E. Ayer lectures for adults and the Raymond Foundation 
programs for children. 

A publicity innovation of the year, which will be continued, is 
photographing groups of out-of-town visitors and sending the pic- 
tures with captions as special releases to home-town newspapers. 
The editors have welcomed these releases in the way that counts — 
publication, with a mention of the Museum. The Museum gained a 
great amount of additional notice locally and nationally as one of the 
hosts to several hundred scholars attending the important fifty-sixth 
annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association (see 
page 83) . The Museum was publicity headquarters for the associa- 
tion, and a member of the Museum's publicity staff assisted the 
association's publicity committee in processing and distributing ab- 
stracts of papers presented at the meeting. 


co-operation with other institutions 

It has always been the desire and the practice of this Museum to lend 
full co-operation to other institutions and individuals engaged in the 
studies within our field. As the dissemination of knowledge is one of 
our prime objectives, we are eager also to assist in the training of 
those who will further this objective in the years to come. From this 
point of view, the following summary of co-operative activities indi- 
cates substantial progress toward the accomplishment of our collec- 
tive mission. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, and Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology 
and Ethnology, gave lectures on South America and Oceania, respec- 
tively, in a series of lectures called "Places and Peoples" sponsored 
by the University of Chicago and held at the Museum. On the day 
following each lecture, members of the audience were taken by the 
lecturers on a tour of pertinent exhibits. George I. Quimby, Curator 
of North American Archaeology and Ethnology, conducted a seminar 
at the University of Chicago on rates of culture change in eastern 
United States prehistory. Phillip H. Lewis, Assistant Curator of 
Primitive Art, lectured at the Art Institute of Chicago in connection 
with an exhibition of African art. 
I Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, gave a seminar- 
lecture on paleobotany for the Department of Biological Science of 
Loyola University. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Curator of the Phan- 
erogamic Herbarium, lectured on his expeditions to Venezuela before 
graduate students in botany of Butler University. As chairman of 
the Volo and Wauconda Bogs Committee of the Illinois Chapter of 
Nature Conservancy he gave several lectures before various organiza- 
tions concerning the need and importance of preserving these natural 
areas of northern Illinois. 

The graduate course in vertebrate paleontology of the University 
of Chicago was conducted as in past years by Dr. Everett C. Olson, 
Professor of Vertebrate Paleontology at the university and Research 
Associate on the Museum's staff. Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator 
of Fossil Fishes, and Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, 
each contributed to Dr. Olson's class an afternoon session of lecture 
and discussion. Curator Zangerl and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., 
Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, were invited by Dr. Ralph Johnson 
of the Department of Geology of the University of Chicago to present 
to his class in sedimentology a detailed description of the paleoecolog- 
ical methods used in the Mecca project (see page 53) and the results 
obtained so far. The Department of Geology co-operated with the 

^ 77 

Chicago Police Department on several occasions during the year 
when various materials were analyzed for the Police Department's 
Crime Detection Laboratory by Albert William Forslev, Associate 
Curator of Mineralogy and Petrology, using the facilities of the 
Chalmers Mineralogical Laboratory. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, spoke before a 
seminar in biogeography at Northwestern University. Loren P. 
Woods, Curator of Fishes, addressed an assembly and a seminar at 
Earlham College and a graduate group at the Gulf Coast Research 
Laboratory in Ocean Springs, Mississippi. Rupert L. Wenzel, Cura- 
tor of Insects, addressed the Annual Pest Control Conference held 
by the Ninth Naval District at Great Lakes, Illinois. Henry S. 
Dybas, Associate Curator of Insects, spoke before a class in ecology 
at the University of Chicago and a field biology class from North- 
western University, He was re-elected president of the South Cook 
County Mosquito Abatement District. D. D wight Davis, Curator of 
Vertebrate Anatomy, lectured on the morphogenesis of the face and 
dentition in mammals before an orthodontists' seminar sponsored by 
Dr. Sidney Asher of Chicago. 

Supervised classes of art students continued to use the Museum 
exhibits as a part of their classroom work in sketching, painting, and 
modeling, and results of this were placed on special exhibition in 
Stanley Field Hall in the summer. Many universities and colleges 
in Chicago and other cities continued their use of the Museum. 
Among them were the University of Chicago, Chicago Teachers Col- 
lege, DePaul University, Eastern Illinois State College, George 
Williams College, University of Illinois, Illinois Institute of Tech- 
nology, Loyola University, McMaster University (Canada), Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, Morton Junior College, North Park College, 
Northwestern University, University of Notre Dame, Roosevelt 
University, Valparaiso University, and Wheaton College. The Chi- 
cago Area Science Fair (sponsored by the Chicago Teachers Science 
Association), a show in which students of grades six through twelve 
from all schools within a 35-mile radius of Chicago are eligible, was 
held at the Museum on Saturday, May 18. Under the co-operative 
educational plan adopted in 1946 by this Museum and Antioch Col- i 
lege, Yellow Springs, Ohio, thirteen young men and women were 
employed in 1957 by the Museum. 

Among visitors in the Department of Anthropology during the 
year were Dr. David Aberle, Dr. Theodore Bank III, Dr. Albert 
Spaulding, and Dr. James B. Griffin, University of Michigan; Jack 
Anglin, Dr. Clifford Evans, and Dr. Betty J. Meggers, United States 
National Museum; Miss Dorothy Bennett, Dr. Samuel A. Barrett, 




Lawrence E. Dawson, and Michael J. Hamer, University of Califor- 
nia; Junius Bird and Dr. Gordon Ekholm, American Museum of 
Natural History; Professor Chiang Yee, Dr. Richard Woodbury, 
and Mrs. Natalie Woodbury, Columbia University; Dr. Azumi 
Seiichi, Tokyo; Dr. Norman Britan, Wright Junior College; Dr. 
Lidio Capriani, Florence, Italy; Ch'en Shou-min, Director, Taiwan 
Handicraft Promotion Center; Dr. Stephen Williams, John B. Glass, 
Dr. S. K. Lothrop, and Miss Joy Mahler, Peabody Museum; Chu 
Chen-fa, Consul of the Republic of China, Chicago; Dr. Chou Wen- 
chung. Rye, New York; Miss Madeleine David, Mus^e Cernuschi, 
Paris; Dr. Jeremiah F. Epstein, Hunter College; Dr. Luiz de Castro 
Faria, Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro; Dr. Fu Lo-shu, New York; 
Miss Nyunt Han, Rangoon; Mrs. Eta Harich-Schneider, Vienna and 
Tokyo; Dr. Edward A. Kracke and Dr. Cyril S. Smith, University 
of Chicago; Professor Ho Kuang-chung, Dean of University of Ma- 
laya, Singapore; Dr. Maurice E. Lavanoux, Editor of Liturgical Arts, 
New York; Mrs. Carmen Cook de Leonard, Centro de Estudios 
Anthropologicos Mexicanos, Mexico; Ling Ta-tseng, Consul-General 
of the Republic of China, Chicago; Dr. Richard S. MacNeish, 
National Museum of Canada; Stewart Peckham, Museum of New 
Mexico; Dr. John Pick, Chicago; Dr. Saul Riesenberg and Dr. Wil- 
liam C. Sturtevant, Smithsonian Institution; Dr. Robert E. Ritzen- 
thaler, Milwaukee Public Museum; Miss Kathleen Blackshear and 
Allan Sawyer, Art Institute of Chicago; Dr. Tsuneo Aoba, Tokyo 
Medical and Dental University; Dr. Roy Sieber, State University 
of Iowa; Dr. Bernard J. Siegel, Stanford University; Dr. Paul Singer, 
Summit, New Jersey; Miss Shinoda Toko, Tokyo; Dr. Ruth M. 
Underhill, Denver; Dr. Sunder J. Vazirani, Bombay; Professor Wang 
Chi-yiian, New York; Dr. Alfred F. Whiting, Dartmouth College; 
Raymond Wielgus, Chicago; and Dr. Kurt Willvonseder, Salzburg. 
Visiting botanists included Luis R. Almodovar, Puerto Rico; Dr. 
Fred A. Barkley, Morristown, New Jersey; Dr. M. R. Birdsey, Uni- 
versity of Miami; Father Luis Camargo, Colombia; Dr. Thomas J. 
Cobbe, Columbus; Dr. Hiden T. Cox, American Institute of Biolog- 
ical Sciences; Anwar Dilmy, Indonesia; Dr. John D. Dwyer, Missouri 
Botanical Garden; Dr. O. J. Eigsti, Chicago Teachers College; Dr. 
John Hall, University of Minnesota; Dr. John A. Jump, University 
of Notre Dame; Dr. Lawrence Kaplan, Roosevelt University; Robert 
Koeppen and Robert Rean, University of Wisconsin; Dr. Fritz Mat- 
tick, Botanisches Museum, Berlin; Dr. John McCormick, American 
Museum of Natural History; Dr. P. N. Mehra, Khalsa College, 
Pan jab University; James Rees, Anderson College; Dr. H. Radclyffe 
Roberts and Dr. Ruth Patrick, Academy of Natural Sciences of 


Philadelphia; M. Sayeeduddin, Osmania University, India; Father 
Siegrist, St. Joseph's College; Dr. Rolf Singer, Fundacion Miguel 
Lillo, Argentina; Dr. A. C. Smith, National Science Foundation; 
Dr. Wilson N. Stewart and Floyd A. Swink, University of Illinois; 
Nduwez Uzoma, Nigeria; Dr. Gregorio T. Velasquez, University of 
the Philippines; Dr. Paul Voth, Dr. Barbara Falser, and Dr. Robert 
L. Shaffer, University of Chicago; Archie Wilson, Summit, New Jer- 
sey; and Dr. Richard D. Wood, University of Rhode Island. 

Visiting geologists included Dr. John A. Wilson, University of 
Texas; Dr. Natascha Heintz, Paleontologisk Museum, Sweden; Pro- 
fessor Eugenia Montanaro-Gallitelli, University of Modena, Italy; 
Dr. Mario Braga de Abreu, Brazil; Dr. Charles A. Reed and Dr. 
Robert Bader, University of Illinois; Dr. Robert Sloan, University 
of Minnesota; Leslie Marcus, University of California; and Research 
Associate Bryan Patterson, Department of Geology of the Museum. 

Visiting zoologists included Dr. Theodore Haltenorth, Zoologische 
Sammlung des Bayerischen Staates, Germany; Dr. Karl Koopman, 
Queens College; Miss Barbara Lawrence, Museum of Comparative 
Zoology; Dr. Joseph C. Moore and Dr. Hobard Van Dusen, American 
Museum of Natural History; Donald Baepler, University of Okla- 
homa; C. Blair Coursen, General Biological Supply House; Dr. and 
Mrs. William J. Graber and Dr. Richard B. Selander, Illinois State 
Natural History Survey; Gerd Heinrich, Peabody Museum of Nat- 
ural History; C. J. Lindsay, Wellington Museum, New Zealand; 
Wendell M. Levi, Charleston; William Phelps, Venezuela; Ram S. 
Singh, British Guiana Museum and Zoo; Dr. George Wallace, Mich- 
igan State University; Dr. Alexander Wetmore and Robert Kanaz- 
waw, United States National Museum; Dr. Telford H. Work, Rocke- 
feller Institution; Dr. Frank M. Carpenter, Harvard University; Dr. 
Joseph Camin and Dr. Paul Ehrlich, Chicago Academy of Sciences; 
Dr. Sidney Camras, Chicago; Earl Cross, Purdue University; Dr. 
John Downey, University of Southern Illinois; Dr. and Mrs. Rob- 
ert E. Gregg, University of Colorado; Glenn Haas, Great Lakes; 
Dr. Henry Howden, Canada Department of Agriculture; Dr. Monte 
Lloyd, University of Chicago; Miss Kathy O'Neill and J. H. Fales, 
United States Department of Agriculture; Dr. R. Matsuka, Univer- 
sity of Kansas; Dr. Rodger D. Mitchell and Daniel M. Cohen, Uni- 
versity of Florida; Dr. James A. G. Rehn, Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia; Dr. Charles L. Remington, Osborne Bio- 
logical Laboratories; Dr. William Snow, Tennessee Valley Authority; 
Dr. S. Utida, Kyoto University; Alfred E. Ebeling and Dr. Carl L. 
Hubbs, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Dr. Allan D. Linder, 
University of Wichita; James Tyler, Stanford University; Teruya 


Uyeno and Dr. Henry Townes, Museum of Zoology, University of 
Michigan; Marlin Perkins, Lincoln Park Zoo; Dr. Sherman Blakney, 
National Museum of Canada; Dr. John Pringle, Natal Museum; 
Miss Alice Grandison, British Museum (Natural History) ; Dr. Rich- 
ard Highton, University of Maryland; Dr. J. A. Roze, Universidad 
Central de Venezuela; Brother Hermano Gines, Instituto de la Salle, 
Venezuela; Robert Bean and Dr. George Rabb, Chicago Zoological 
Society; Dr. Dorothy Franzen, Illinois Wesleyan University; Dr. 
Sidney Asher, Chicago; Dr. Norman Jones, Dr. Charles A. Reed, 
Dr. Hobart M. Smith, and Dr. E. Lloyd DuBrul, University of Illi- 
nois; Dr. George E. Erikson, Harvard Medical School; Dr. H. M. 
Ford and Dr. CO. Bechtol, Yale University School of Medicine; 
Dr. John Hendrickson, University of Malaya; Dr. V. M. Klemola, 
Finland; Dr. G. C. Rebell, University of Oklahoma; Donald Sayner, 
University of Arizona; Dr. R. M. Stecher, Cleveland; Dr. Paul Wil- 
liams, Dallas; and Dr. P. E. P. Deraniyagala, Museum of Colombo. 

On a Museum Journey by herself 




The Museum, the University of Chicago, and Northwestern Univer- 
sity were cosponsors of the fifty-sixth annual meeting of the American 
Anthropological Association, which was held in Chicago in December 
(see page 76) . The Museum was host to the members of the associa- 
tion on Saturday, December 28, and a number of official activities 
were held at the Museum. The staff of the Department of Anthro- 
pology attended the meetings and several curators read papers. 
Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, 
was chairman of the local arrangements committee. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of 
Archaeology, Miss Elaine Bluhm, Assistant in Archaeology, Phillip 
H. Lewis, Assistant Curator of Primitive Art, Evett D. Hester, 
Thomas J. Dee Fellow in Anthropology, and Curator Force attended 
the joint annual meetings in Madison, Wisconsin, of the Society for 
American Archaeology and the Central States Branch of the Amer- 
ican Anthropological Association. Curator Collier and Curator Force 
presented papers, and Curator Quimby, who was elected president 
of the Society for American Archaeology for the 1957-58 term, acted 
as chairman of one of the sessions. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Assistant 
Curator Rinaldo, and Assistant Elaine Bluhm attended a conference 
at the University of Southern Illinois on Mexican-Southwestern rela- 
tionships. As the official delegate of the American Anthropological 
Association, Assistant Curator Lewis attended, by invitation, a sym- 
posium on the artist in tribal society held at the Royal Anthropolog- 
ical Institute in London (he received a grant for travel from the 
American Council of Learned Societies). Evett D. Hester was the 
Museum's representative at the Ninth Pacific Science Congress of 
the Pacific Science Association, which was held in Bangkok, Thai- 
land. Curator Collier and Curator Force attended a conference on 
preparation of an encyclopaedia of anthropology held at Edwards- 
ville, Michigan, under the auspices of the Wenner-Gren Foundation 
for Anthropological Research. Curator Collier was elected to a sec- 
ond term as chairman of the Institute of Andean Research, and 
Curator Force was invited to become a member of a twelve-man 
standing committee on Museums and Pacific Research of the Pacific 
Science Association. 


Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, attended in New Or- 
leans the Conference of Biological Editors sponsored by the National 
Science Foundation and the American Institute of Biological Sciences 
and was appointed chairman of the committee on editorial policy. 
He read a paper (synopsis of ginkgos) at the annual meetings of the 
American Institute of Biological Sciences at Stanford University and 
participated in a symposium on continental glaciation at the meet- 
ings in Indianapolis of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science (see page 95) . 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, Dr. Eugene S. 
Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, and William D. 
Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, attended the meet- 
ings of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, which first met in 
Philadelphia and then with the Geological Society of America in 
Atlantic City, at which meetings they reported on their current re- 
search. Curator Richardson attended the meetings in Indianapolis 
of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where 
he presented a paper pertaining to the Mecca project (see page 53) 
before the symposium on Mississippian and Pennsylvania problems 
of the Midwest. Albert William Forslev, Associate Curator of Min- 
eralogy and Petrology, attended in Denver the Sixth Annual Confer- 
ence on Applications of X-ray Analysis, sponsored by the Denver 
Research Institute and the University of Denver, and the meetings 
in Atlantic City of the Geological Society of America, where he pre- 
sented a paper. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, and Melvin A. 
Traylor, Jr., Assistant Curator of Birds, attended the meetings at 
Cape May of the American Ornithologists' Union, where Chief Cura- 
tor Rand took part in a symposium on migration in the southern 
hemisphere. Research Associate Rudyerd Boulton represented the 
Museum at the Pan-African Ornithological Congress held in North- 
ern Rhodesia and at the conference of the International Committee 
for Bird Protection held in Southern Rhodesia. Philip Hershkovitz, 

In the collection of 40,000 nonmarine shells purchased recently from James Zetek 
of Panama are several hundred specimens that had been obtained many years ago by 
him from the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest. With destruction in 1956 
of that museum's entire mollusk collection, the shells from this collection that are 
now in Chicago Natural History Museum assume historical importance. Opposite 
are several photographed against the account in "Science" (volume 125, page 342). 


Curator of Mammals, and Osteologist Sophie Andris attended the 
meetings in Lawrence, Kansas, of the American Society of Mammal- 
ogists. Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, 
Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, D. Dwight Davis, Curator of 
Vertebrate Anatomy, and the late Curator Emeritus Karl P. Schmidt 
attended the meetings in New Orleans of the American Society of 
Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Curator Inger spoke in St. Louis 
at the midwest conference on biosystematics. 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, and Henry S. Dybas, Asso- 
ciate Curator, presented papers at the annual meetings in Memphis 
of the Entomological Society of America, where Curator Wenzel was 
appointed to a committee to consider establishing a national institute 
of entomology. Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
attended the meetings of the American Malacological Union at New 
Haven. Dr. Alan Solem, Assistant Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
was elected to the Natural Science Foundation, an organization de- 
voted to the study of Indo-Pacific marine mollusks. Mrs. Marion 
Grey, Associate in the Division of Fishes, was elected Fellow of the 
Academy of Zoology in Agra, India. 

Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation, attended the annual meeting in Grand Rapids 
of the Midwest Conference of Museums of the American Association 
of Museums. Local meetings of the American Library Association 
and of the Special Libraries Association were attended by Mrs. Meta 
P. Howell, Librarian, and Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt, Associate Librar- 
ian. Mrs. Rocourt was appointed chairman of the Museums Divi- 
sion of the Special Libraries Association's annual convention to be 
held in Chicago in June, 1958, and attended the preliminary planning 
boards held in November and December. 

Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, was appointed 
to the staff of advisory editors of Economic Botany. Members of the 
Museum's scientific staff who continued to serve in various capacities 
on editorial boards of scientific journals include Chief Curator Just, 
Lloydia (editor) and American Journal of Botany; Assistant Curator 
Turnbull, Sdugetierkundliche Mitteilungen (Stuttgart, Germany) and 
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology News Bulletin; and Curator Woods, 
The American Midland Naturalist. Curator Davis was elected to the 
editorial board of Copeia, and Dr. Edward M. Nelson, Associate in 
the Division of Fishes, is an assistant editor. 

A number of members of the Museum's scientific staff contribute 
reviews and articles to various learned journals on subjects within the 
Museum's fields of interest and research. A bibliography of some of 
this material that appeared in 1957 is on page 95. 



The work of the Division of Photography and the Division of Illus- 
tration has enabled the Museum to achieve new standards of excel- 
lence in its illustrative material, both for its publications and for its 
exhibits. John Bayalis and Homer V. Holdren form a team capable 
of handling any photographic assignment, and they have enough 
imagination to foresee the possible use of their illustrative material. 
Miss Mary Creed, by her careful attention to the records and rou- 
tines so essential to the operation of this division with its wide variety 
of materials and objects, enables the photography team to devote all 
its time to its own work. More than 124,500 negatives are now in 
the files of the Division of Photography. 

In the field of illustration, E. John Pfiffner, ably aided by Miss 
Marion Pahl and assisted often by illustrators or artists assigned to 
the scientific departments, has achieved a degree of co-operation that 
has increased production, reduced friction, and approached a "cur- 
rent" basis in the handling of requisitions for art work. Time spent 
in consultation to establish complete understanding is repaid many 
times over in the production of art work that portrays clearly the 
subject-matter with due regard for those features that call for special 
emphasis (see pages 62 and 73). In the field of fantasy. Miss Pahl 
has achieved a unique masterpiece with her murals in the Museum's 
lunchroom for children (see page 94). 


Throughout the year work was carried on in general maintenance of 
films, both completed film productions and catalogued subject-foot- 
age. This work involved the physical inspection, cleaning, and repair 
of all film in the Museum's Film Library, which now numbers ninety- 
nine complete productions and thousands of feet of additional film 
on various subjects. Films that had been damaged from use were 
replaced. Assistance was given and titles were made for a new geol- 
ogy film on volcanoes, "Field Studies in Central American Volca- 
nology." Films were lent to various television stations for use in 
programs during the year. 

For many years film laboratories have been searching for a chem- 
ical that would prolong the life of films, as a great amount of money 
is invested in each foot of film. Early this year, after years of testing, 
a new chemical marketed under the tradename "Vap-o-rate" was 
created, and we undertook the treatment of all our films by this proc- 


ess in order to reduce wear and tear on them. The experience and 
ability of John Moyer, who has charge of our Division of Motion 
Pictures, guarantee the good condition of this collection. 

During the latter part of the year the Museum film "Through 
These Doors," produced in 1950 (see page 22), was made available 
to schools and various other organizations as an educational and a 
public-relations service. The film was presented at one of the meet- 
ings of the Conference of Woman's Clubs and a printed announce- 
ment of the availability of the film was sent to schools throughout 
the Chicago area. Shortly thereafter many requests for loan were 
received, and as many requests as possible were honored. The film 
is offered without charge to such groups, and so it is expected that 
many additional opportunities to present the story of the Museum 
to interested groups in many places will occur in the next year. 

A new short'Cut in making drawings of minute shells: the pinhead-size shell on the 
microscope slide is photographed through microscope and picture (I) is traced (2), 
giving shape and proportions that are easily transferred to the final drawing (3). 

see pages 63 and 87 


The continued increase in purchase of Museum publications, both 
scientific and popular, by students and for resale in other bookstores 
was reflected in the highest gross income from sales of Museum pub- 
lications in our history. A total of 70,078 copies was distributed, of 
which 17,682 were shipped without charge under existing exchange 
agreements with institutions and individuals and 52,396 were sold. 
Receipts from sales by mail amounted to $2,047.79 in October, an 
all-time record for mail orders in any one month . This record figure 
is mainly the result of the use of our Museum publications as text- 
books in colleges and universities of the United States and Canada. 

Statistics are at best inadequate in telling the story of the Mu- 
seum's publication program. The Museum press is operated prima- 
rily as an outlet to members of the staff for publishing reports on their 
research. Inevitably other demands must also be met, such as the 
preparation of Museum Stories, which are written by staff members 
of Raymond Foundation (see page 26) in order to present scientifi- 
cally correct information in attractive form for children of the grade 
schools. The editing of manuscripts, checking of references, arrange- 
ment of illustrative material, and all the many other details that 
must be correctly handled in order that good publications may result 
could not be accomplished without the selfless work of our Associate 
Editors. Miss Lillian A. Ross, assisted by Miss Martha H. Mullen, 
handles the scientific publications, and Mrs. Helen A. MacMinn 
handles the miscellaneous publications. 

At the Eighth Annual Exhibition of Chicago and Midwestern 
Book Making sponsored by the Chicago Book Clinic in May, a Cer- 
tificate of Award was presented to the Museum in recognition of its 
entry The King's Day (see Annual Report 1956, pages 46 and 82). 
This publication in popular style, written by Mrs. Webster Plass of 
New York and London, was recognized for its high standards of de- 
sign, printing, binding, publishing intent, and reader appeal. All 
phases of the work were accomplished by the Museum press except 
the photoengraving, which was done by Jahn and Oilier Engraving 
Company. A similar award was given to Mrs. MacMinn, who 
designed the book. 

During the year twenty-four publications in the scientific series, 
three in the popular series (two reprints), and one annual report were 
printed by the Museum press. The number of copies totaled 56,177 
from 1,845 pages of type composition. Twelve numbers of Chicago 
Natural History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 7,150 
copies an issue. Miscellaneous work totaled 706,863 impressions. 




Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1956, 155 pages, 
25 illustrations 


Bluhm, Elaine A. 

The Sawmill Site, A Reserve Phase Village, Pine Lawn Valley, Western New 
Mexico, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 47, number 1, 88 pages, 
29 illustrations, 3 maps 

Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, number 37, 122 pages, 
31 illustrations (reprint of second edition) 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, number 37, 187 pages, 
44 illustrations (third edition) 

HoLMBERG, Allan R. 

Lizard Hunts on the North Coast of Peru, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 36, 
number 9, 18 pages, 15 illustrations 

Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, and Eloise R. Barter 

Late Mogollon Communities, Four Sites of the Tidarosa Phase, Western New 
Mexico, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 49, number 1, 144 pages, 
57 illustrations 

Martin, Richard J. 

Mummies, Popular Series, Anthropology, number 36, 42 pages, 20 illustrations 

QuiMBY, George I. 

The Bayou Goula Site, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
volume 47, number 2, 84 pages, 16 illustrations, 2 maps 

QuiMBY, George I., and Albert C. Spaulding 

' The Old Copper Culture and the Keweenaw Waterway, Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
volume 36, number 8, 13 pages, 7 illustrations 

Spoehr, Alexander 

Mariannas Prehistory, Archaeological Survey and Excavations on Saipan, 
Tinian and Rota, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 48, 187 pages, 
89 illustrations 


Carlson, Margery C. 

Monograph of the Genus Russelia (Scrophulariaceae) , Fieldiana: Botany, \ 
volume 29, number 4, 70 pages, 6 illustrations, 3 maps 

Steyermark, Julian A., and Collaborators 

Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela, Fieldiana: Botany, volume 28, 
number 4, 514 pages, 6 illustrations 



Roy, Sharat Kumar 

A Restudy of the 1917 Eruption of Volcdn Boqueron, El Salvador, Central 
America, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 30, 20 pages, 21 illustrations 
The Present Status of the Volcanoes of Central America, Fieldiana: Geology, 
volume 10, number 28, 5 pages, 1 map 

The Problems of the Origin and Structure of Chondrules in Stony Meteorites, 
Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 31, 14 pages, 12 illustrations 

Zangerl, Rainer, and Ralph G. Johnson 

The Nature of Shield Abnormalities in the Turtle Shell, Fieldiana: Geology, 
volume 10, number 29, 22 pages, 5 illustrations 

Blake, Emmet R. 

A New Species of Ant-Thrush from Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 7, 3 pages 

Inger, Robert F. 

Report on a Collection of Marine Fishes from North Borneo, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 36, number 3, 67 pages, 1 illustration, 1 map 

Rand, A. Stanley 

Notes on Amphibians and Reptiles from El Salvador, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 34, number 42, 30 pages 

Rand, Austin L. 

The Subspecies of the Btish Shrike Laniarius fuUebomi {Including L. poensis), 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 6, 4 pages 

Two New Species of Birds from Angola, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 5, 5 pages 

Rand, Austin L., and D. S. Rabor 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 19^6-19^7, New Birds from the Philippines, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 42, number 2, 6 pages 

Rand, Austin L., and Robert L. Fleming 

Birds from Nepal, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 41, number 1, 216 pages, 
4 illustrations, 2 maps 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Notes on Lizards of the Genus Dicrodon, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 9, 7 pages, 2 illustrations 

The Venomous Coral Snakes of Trinidad, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 8, 9 pages, 3 illustrations 

Schmidt, Karl P., and A. Stanley Rand 

Geographic Variation in the Central American Colubrine Snake, Ninia Sebae, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 10, 12 pages 

Seevers, Charles H. 

A Monograph on the Termitophilous Staphylinidae (Coleoptera), Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 40, 334 pages, 42 illustrations 

Solem, Alan 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 19Jt6-19U7, Philippine Snails of the Family 
Endodontidae, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 42, number 1, 12 pages, 
4 illustrations 




Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, volume 28 (1957), 12 numbers, 96 pages, 

the following articles and reviews by staff members of chicago natural 
history museum are printed in volume 28 of the bulletin: 

Blake, Emmet R. 

Review of Natural History of Birds, A Guide to Ornithology (by Leonard W. 

Wing), no. 4, p. 2 

Collier, Donald 

"Diorama Shows Colorful Maya Dedication Ceremony," no. 12, pp. 3, 8, 
1 illustration 

Force, Roland W. 

"Palau Exhibit Traces Change in a Pacific Culture," no. 3, pp. 3-4, 7, 
1 illustration, 1 map 

Gregg, Clifford C. 

"Award for Bookmaking Won by Museum," no. 6, p. 4 
"Members' Night Omitted," no. 9, p. 2 

Haas, Fritz 

"'Extinct' Snail Found; Had Been Hiding for 300 Million Years," no. 10, p. 7 
"Tribute to E. E. Hand, Shell Collector," no. 1, pp. 3, 7, 1 illustration 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

Review of Mammals of the World, Their Life and Habits (by Frangois 
Bourliere), no. 2, p. 7 

Inger, Robert F. 

"Karl Patterson Schmidt, 1890-1957," no. 11, p. 2 

Review of Boy's Book of Frogs, Toads, and Salamanders (by Percy A. Morris), 
no. 6, p. 2 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Glottochronology: Dating by Words," no. 5, pp. 2, 7 

"History of an Ancient People Unfolds in Arizona," no. 11, pp. 3-4, 
1 illustration 

"Southwest Expedition Breaks New Trails," no. 6, pp. 3-4 

Martin, Richard A. 

"Two Museums Reunite a Shared Egyptian," no. 10, p. 8, 2 illustrations 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"Dating the Past — Upper Great Lakes Area," no. 6, pp. 6-7, 1 table 

"Prehistoric Hunters — Upper Great Lakes," no. 5, pp. 6-7, 2 illustrations '■ 

"The Archaeology of Environment, Great Lakes Area," no. 7, pp. 4-5, 7, 
6 illustrations 

Rand, A. Stanley 

"Snake's Trail Leads to Prize in Art Show," no. 10, p. 6 



Rand, Austin L. 

"Like Some People, Talking Birds Sound Off without Thinking," no. 8, p. 6, 

1 cartoon 

"New Exhibit Provides a Key to Animal Kingdom," no. 9, pp. 3, 7, 

2 illustrations 

"New Philippine Birds," no. 7, pp. 2, 6 
"Please Send Information about Everything," no. 1, p. 8 
"Sanderlings Devour Fisherman's Bait," no. 3, p. 8, 1 cartoon 
"Some Birds Are Good Parents; Some Aren't!" no. 6, p. 7, 1 cartoon 
"The Story behind a Major Museum Project," no. 9, p. 6 
"Woodpeckers as a Source of Insurance Claims," no. 1, p. 3, 1 cartoon 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"Rare 250-million-year-old Sharks Found in Indiana," no. 8, pp. 3, 7, 

2 illustrations 

"Tools of Surveyors Aid Shale Study," no. 6, pp. 3, 4, 2 illustrations 

Rockwell, Jane 

"Museum Asked to Settle Wagers and Solve Puzzles," no. 2, pp. 4-5, 

3 cartoons 

"Some Gourmet Receipts from Explorers' Cook Books," no. 7, pp. 3, 6, 
2 cartoons 

Ross, Lillian A. 

"'Easily Tamed — Harmless': Want a Pet? Try a Tarantula!" no. 4, pp. 6-7, 
2 illustrations, 1 cartoon 

Roy, Sharat Kumar 

"Climbing to the Flaming Crater of Izalco," no. 1, pp. 6-7, 1 illustration 
"Geologist Reports on Volcanoes in Central America," no. 10, p. 3, 
2 illustrations 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

Review of Snakes and Snake Hunting (by Carl Kauffeld), no. 5, p. 8 
Review of The Edge of April, A Biography of John Burroughs (by Hildegarde 
Hoyt Swift), no. 11, p. 8 
Review of The Living Museum (by Alice Millard Stowell), no. 3, p. 2 

Singer, Rolf 

"Sacred Mushrooms Inspire Medical Research," no. 12, p. 7, 1 illustration 

Solem, Alan 

"Museum Receives Valuable Shell Collection," no. 10, p. 5, 1 illustration 
"Unusual Pacific Shells Added to Museum Collections," no. 4, pp. 3, 7, 
1 illustration 

Starr, Kenneth 

"Gift of Chinese Rubbings Goes on Special Exhibition," no. 12, pp. 4-5 

Thieret, John W. 

"Nutmeg and Mace: Spices from Same Source," no. 2, pp. 5-6, 1 illustration 
"Parasitic Witchweeds Threaten Southern Crops," no. 4, pp. 4-5, 8, 
I 2 illustrations 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

"Curator Comments on Beetles, Collections, Museums," no. 11, pp. 6-7 




Wood, Miriam 

"Museum's Spring Comes Earlier Every Year," no. 8, p. 2, 1 illustration 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Observations on Lake Michigan Fishes at Chicago," no. 6, p. 5 
2 illustrations 

"Seasonal Changes and Activities of Lake Fishes," no. 5, pp. 3-4, 
4 illustrations 

"Some Little-Known Fishes of Lake Michigan," no. 8, pp. 4-5 


Fleming, Edith 

"From Cave Man to City Dweller," series of 9 Museum Stories, numbers 314- 
322 (each story 4 pages), illustrated 

Pabst, Marie B. 

Common Birds of Chicago, Museum Stories (9 stories paperbound), 21 pages, 
9 illustrations 

Smith, Harriet 

"Indian Neighbors of Our United States Settlers," series of 9 Museum Stories, 
numbers 323-331 (each story 4 pages), illustrated 

Wood, Miriam, Roberta Cramer, and Emma Neve 

Indians of Early Chicago, Museum Stories (8 stories paperbound), 20 pages, 
9 illustrations 

One of the lunchroom murals 
by Marion Pahl 



Collier, Donald 

Review of Ceramics for the Archaeologist (by Anna 0. Shephard), in American 
Antiquity, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 87-88 

Lewis, Phillip H. 

"Primitive Art in a Natural History Museum," Townsfolk, vol. 27, no. 8, 
pp. 11, 25 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Mogollon," in Encyclopaedia Britannica (1957), vol. 15, p. 645 

"Recent Archaeological Work in Arizona of the Chicago Natural History 

Museum," The Kiva, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 19-20 

Review of A History of the Ancient Southwest (by Harold S. Gladwin), in 

American Anthropologist, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 926-927 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"An Old Copper Site at Menominee, Michigan," The Wisconsin Archaeologist, 
vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 37-41 

"An Old Copper Site at Port Washington," The Wisconsin Archaeologist, 
vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1-5 

RiNALDO, John B. 

Review of Archaeological Investigations on the Uncompahgre Plateau in West 
Central Colorado (by H. M. Wormington and Robert H. Lister), in American 
Antiquity, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 315-316 


Drouet, Francis 

"Alga- and Lichen-stabilized Surface Crusts as Soil Nitrogen Sources," 

American Journal of Botany, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 489-498 [with Lora M. Shields 

and Charles Mitchell] 

"Revision of the Coccoid Myxophyceae: Additions and Corrections," 

Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 219-222 

[with William A. Daily] 

"The Machris Brazilian Expedition. Botany: Cyanophyta," Los Angeles 

County Museum Contributions in Science, no. 5, pp. 1-2 

"Type Specimens of Algae in the Herbarium of Anton Hansgirg," Annalen 

des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, vol. 61, pp. 41-59 

Just, Theodor 

"Catalogue of the Pharmacopoeias, Dispensatories, Formularies and Allied 
Publications (1493-1957) in Lloyd Library," Lloydia, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1-42 
[with John Uri Lloyd and Corinne Miller Simons] 

"Postglacial Vegetation of the North-Central United States," in Program and 
Abstracts, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Section E 
{Geology and Geography) [Indianapolis, 1957], page 13 

Sherff, Earl E. (coauthor) 

"Bidens grantii (Oliv.) Sherff var. stapfioides Sherff, var. nov," in "Notes 
from the East African Herbarium: IV," Kew Bulletin, no. 3, p. 445 
"Coreopsis (sect. Eucoreopsis Nutt.) odora Sherff sp. nov.," in "Notes from 
the East African Herbarium: IV," Kew Bulletin, no. 3, pp. 445-446 
"Further Notes on Compositae (Bidens L., Coreopsis L. and Dubautia Gaud.) 
in the Herbarium of the British Museum of Natural History," Annals and 
Magazine of Natural History, vol. 10, no. 109, pp. 42-46 



Steyermark, Julian A. 

"Botany of the Chimanta Massif — I. Gran Sabana, Venezuela," Memoirs, 
New York Botanical Garden, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 393-441 [with Bassett Maguire 
and John J. Wurdack] 

"White-fiowered Forms of Liatris and Vernonia," Rhodora, vol. 59, no. 697, 
pp. 23-24 

Thieret, John W. 

"New Plant Records: Illinois and Indiana," Rhodora, vol. 59, no. 703, p. 181 

[with Robert A. Evers] 

"Notes on Illinois Grasses," Rhodora, vol. 59, no. 701, pp. 123-124 [with 

Robert A. Evers] 

"Nutmeg and Mace," Frontiers, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 142-144 

"Plants New to Illinois and Indiana and the Chicago Region," Rhodora, 

vol. 59, no. 698, pp. 31-33 [with Julian A. Steyermark and Floyd A. Swink] 

"Plants New to lUinois and to the Chicago Region," Rhodora, vol. 59, no. 707, 

p. 289 


Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"Fossils," in American Peoples Encyclopedia [1957 yearbook], pp. 536-537 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr., and Rainer Zangerl 

"Postulates Employed in a Pennsylvania Paleoecological Study," Bulletin of 
the Geological Society of America, vol. 68, no. 12, p. 1899 

Roy, Sharat Kumar 

"Der heutige Zustand der Vulkane in Zentralamerika," Neues Jahrbuch fur 
Mineralogie, Geologic und Palaontologie, vol. 4, pp. 176-179 
"Neue Gesichtspunkte zum 1917 — Ausbruch des Vulkans Boqueron, El 
Salvador Mittelamerika," Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geologic, und 
Palaontologie, vol. 6, pp. 250-261 

Zangerl, Rainer 

"A Parietal Foramen in the Skull of a Recent Turtle," Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society, Calcutta, Mookerjee Memorial Volume, pp. 269-273 
"Reptiles," annotated bibHography in "Treatise on Marine Paleoecology," 
Geological Society of America, Memoir 67, pp. 1013-1018 


Blake, Emmet R. 

Warblers of North America (New York, The Devin- Adair Company), 434 pages, 
33 illustrations in color [with Ludlow Griscom and others] 

Haas, Fritz 

"Natural History of the Pearls," Comunicaciones, Instituto Tropical de Investi- 
gaciones de la Universidad de El Salvador, vol. 4, pp. 113-126, 11 illustrations 
"Proposed Use of the Plenary Powers to Secure that the Generic Name 
'Anodonta' Lamarch, 1799 (Class Pelecypoda) Shall Be the Oldest Available 
Name for the Genus Concerned (Proposed Validation of a Ruling Given in 
'Opinion' 94)," The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 13, pp. 245-247 
"Zur Tiergeographie von Amazonien und Guayana-Schild," Mitteilungen der 
Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Bern, (2) 14, pp. 59-64, 1 illustration 







Hershkovitz, Philip 

"On the Possible Occurrence of the Spectacled Bear Tremarctos ornatus 
(F. Cuvier, 1825) in Panama," Sdugetierkundliche Mitteilungen, vol. 5, no. 3, 
pp. 122-123 

"The Systematic Position of the Marmoset Simla leonina Humboldt (Pri- 
mates)," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 70, pp. 17-20 
"The Type Locality of Bison bison Linnaeus," Proceedings of the Biological 
Society of Washington, vol. 70, pp. 31-32 

Inger, Robert F. j 

"Ecological Aspects of the Origins of the Tetrapods," Evolution, vol. 11, 
pp. 373-376 

"Morphological and Seasonal Development of Sex Characters in Two 
Sympatric African Toads," Journal of Morphology, vol. 99, pp. 549-574 [with 
Bernard Greenberg] 

Marx, Hymen 

"Keys to the Lizards and Snakes of Egypt," Navy Medical Research Unit 
Number 3, Cairo, Egypt, Research Project Report NM 005 050.3945, 8 pages 

Rand, Austin L. ] 

"A Scientist Admonishes Teachers and Pupils," Turtox News, vol. 35, no. 1, 
pp. 6-8 (reprinted from Chicago Natural History Bulletin, vol. 27 [1956]) 
"Changes in English Sparrow Population Densities," The Wilson Bulletin, 
vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 186-187 

"Sanderlings Eat Fishermen's Bait Minnows," The Wilson Bulletin, vol. 69, 
no. 2, pp. 186-187 

Review of Natural History of Birds, A Guide to Ornithology (by Leonard W. 
Wing), in Natural History, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 166-167 

Schmidt, Karl P. 

"Anent the 'Dangerous' Bushmaster," Copeia, 1957, p. 233 

"Emmett Reid Dunn, 1894-1956," Copeia, 1957, p. 75-77 | 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Robert F. Inger 

Living Reptiles of the World (Garden City, New York, Hanover House), 
287 pages, 266 illustrations (145 in color) 

Schmidt, Karl P., and Hymen Marx 

"Results of the Namru-3 Southeastern Egypt Expedition, 1954. 2. Reptiles 
and Amphibians," Navy Medical Research Unit Number 3, Cairo, Egypt, 
Research Project Report NM 005 050.3940, 27 pages i 

SoLEM, Alan 

"Non-marine Mollusca from Salobra, Matto Grosso, Brazil, and a Collection of 
South Brazilian Artemon," Notulae Naturae, no. 287, 14 pages, 1 illustration 
"Notes on Some Mexican Land Snails," Notulae Naturae, no. 298, 13 pages, 
1 illustration 

"The Helicoid Cyclophorid Mollusks of Mexico," Proceedings of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, vol. 108, pp. 41-59, 2 illustrations j 


Woods, Loren P. 1 

"Beryx splendens Lowe in the Gulf of Mexico," Copeia, 1957, no. 4, 
pp. 298-299 

Woods, Loren P., and Robert F. Inger | 

"The Cave, Spring and Swamp Fishes of the Family Amblyopsidae of Central 
and Eastern United States," American Midland Naturalist, vol. 58, no. 1, 
pp. 232-256, 11 illustrations, 5 tables 

98 1 


The maintenance of the building, as always, required considerable 
attention, time, effort, and funds. During the year, window sash 
was renewed or repaired in eight third-floor rooms, the boiler room, 
and the lecture hall. Tuck pointing on the stairs approaching the 
building was checked and repaired where necessary, and the terra 
cotta on the Museum stack was washed and pointed. The flag poles 
were washed and new halyards installed. Washing and painting 
operations included the public toilets and lobby, stair rails to the 
north and south of the building, and several exhibition halls. The 
cleaning of glass is a perpetual operation. Permanent closing of 
the windows in Hall 26 (Botany) was completed in preparation for 
reinstallation of the hall, and work of the same type was initiated 
in Hall 36 (Geology) . Counters were removed and steel shelving in- 
stalled in the lunchroom and kitchen area. The usual maintenance 
of plumbing was continued through the year, and new urinals were 
installed in the public toilets. Work continued on the installation 
of new panel-boards, and 235 lighting units and 94 electrical outlets 
were installed. In addition, certain damaged electrical wiring was 
replaced and in some instances the wiring was rerouted. Assistance 
as required was given to all the scientific departments in preparation 

Part of special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall 

showing materials from the Palau Islands 

(see pages 30 and 42) 


for the installation of exhibits. Such work included the construction, 
painting, and installation of cases and lighting boxes and moving and 
installation of large or cumbersome objects. Work was done in Halls 
D, E, F, G, 8, and 9 of the Department of Anthropology and in 
Halls 25 and 26 of the Department of Botany. Extensive remodel- 
ing of cases for Hall 35 and rearrangement of exhibits in Hall 38 to 
prepare for the improvement of the Brontosaurus exhibit were accom- 
plished for the Department of Geology (see page 59) . The principal 
work for the Department of Zoology was preparation of the cases for 
"The Animal Kingdom" exhibit in Hall 13 and the case for the beau- 
tiful "Colorful Birds" in the center of Hall 21 (see pages 62 and 73). 
In addition, the Division of Maintenance built 200 trays for bird 
storage, cut to size more than 1,000 pieces of cork for insect storage- 
trays, installed steel track and hoist over the main storage tank in 
the Division of Anatomy, and made miscellaneous changes in office 
accommodations for scientific personnel. 

The usual summer cleaning and rehabilitation of the boilers and 
brickwork were accomplished at the time of the summer shutdown. 
Heater tank and chemical lines were washed out, chemical pumps 
overhauled, and motors cleaned and repaired where necessary. The 
top 50-foot section of the steel smokestack was replaced, the new 
section was lined, and the stack was painted. New radiators were 
installed in Hall 26 (Botany) in preparation for new-type transparen- 
cies. All fire-fighting equipment was checked, repaired, and refilled 
or replaced as conditions warranted. Under existing contracts, a 
total of 27,157,000 pounds of steam was furnished to the Park Dis- 
trict and Shedd Aquarium in addition to the heating requirements 
of the Museum, which amounted to 35,079,300 pounds. 


In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 








FOR YEARS 1957 AND 1956 

1957 1956 

Total attendance 1,097,561 1,101,512 

Paid attendance 139,834 129,483 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 35,532 43,256 

School children 167,779 128,880 

Teachers 7,347 6,063 

Members of the Museum 518 579 

Service men and women 757 1,373 

Special meetings and occasions 3,249 2,440 

Press 7 35 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 140,056 (52) 137,605 

Saturdays (52) 267,240 (52) 278,057 

Sundays (52) 335,242 (52)373,741 

Highest attendance on any day 

(May 4) 13,382 (March 24) 12,937 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(January 7) 172 (January 9) 204 

Highest paid attendance (September 2) . . . 3,541 (July 4) 3,781 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 3,024 (364 days) 3,026 

Average paid admissions (207 days) 675 (208 days) 622 

Number of picture postcards sold 221,896 225,401 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular). General Guide, and 

photographs; checkroom receipts. .. . $27,501.56 $24,221.95 






FOR THE YEARS 1957 AND 1956 


RECEIPTS: 1957 1956 

Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 352,608 $ 321,785 

From investments in real estate 404,118 373,147 

$ 756,726 $ 694,932 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 238,704 $ 241,832 

Annual and sustaining memberships 30,825 28,680 

Admissions 34,959 32,371 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose contri- 
butions 56,144 51,105 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 107,831 90,659 

$1,225,189 $1,139,579 


Operating expenses — 

Departmental operating expenses $ 521,157 $ 473,884 

General operating expenses 423,919 396,910 

Building repairs and alterations 116,628 98,118 

$1,061,704 $ 968,912 

Collections — 

Purchases and expedition costs $ 62,816 $ 64,441 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 25,545 24,927 

Pensions and employees' benefits 69,301 61,928 

Appropriations in lieu of premiums formerly pay- 
able on assigned life insurance 14,500 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000 10,000 

Appropriated to cover operating deficit of the 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 111 

$1,229,366 $1,144,819 

DEFICIT FOR YEAR before special contribution and 

appropriation $ 4,177 $ 5,240 

Special contribution to liquidate 1956 deficit 5,240 

Appropriation from restricted funds to cover 1957 

deficit $ 4,177 








W57 1956 

Income from endowments $ 28,766 $ 27,215 

Expenditures 27,235 27,326 

SURPLUS (deficit) FOR THE YEAR $ 1,531 $ (111) 


RECEIPTS: 1957 1956 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments .... $ 67,212 $ 65,894 

Contributions for specified purposes 41,537 34,499 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation (contra) 10,000 10,000 

Sundry receipts— net 66,657 68,379 

$ 185,406 $ 178,772 


I Transferred to Operating Fund — 

To apply against expenditures (contra) $ 107,831 $ 90,659 

To cover 1957 operating deficit 4,177 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 75,386 48,000 

$ 187,394 $ 138,659 

TURES $ (1,988) $ 40,113 

The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum, 


In our opinion, the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the years 
1957 and 1956, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles con- 
sistently applied during the years. Our examination of the statement was made 
in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included 
such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we 
considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 21, 1958 



Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund 

Cost of Museum lecture series $ 4,592.61 

Subsidy to publication program 1,444.41 

Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to publication program 1,272.62 

Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoology Fund I 

Expeditions 550.00 

Purchase of specimens 1,150.00 

William J. and Joan A. Chalmers Trust Fund 

Equipment for the William J. and Joan A. Chalmers 

Mineralogical Laboratory 1,580.02 

Purchase of specimens 150.00 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

P*urchase of specimens 264.17 

Conover Game-Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 860.30 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 

Fellowship grant to Evett D. Hester 1,800.00 

Fellowship grant to A. G. C. Grandison 250.00 

Fellowship grant to D. S. Rabor 750.00 

Fellowship grant to Ram S. Singh 200.00 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance costs 7,601.92 

Subsidy to Pension Fund 5,698.97 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 

Care of collections and distribution of exhibits to schools 
of Chicago 27,235.29 

The Johnson Foundation 

Research on waxy palms 2,185.00 

Library FuNDf 

Purchase of books and periodicals 4,763.37 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 
Children's Lecture Fund 

Subsidy to public school and children's lecture programs 30,702.62 

Donald Richards Fund 

Subsidy to cryptogamic botanical research 1,777.39 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Field trip for Coal Age fossils in Indiana 900.00 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which they 
were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than $12,000,000 ,, 
of contributed endowment funds was used in general Museum operation. j 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, Julius and Augusta N. 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested : 


I I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 

History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 





Aren, Pauline P. (estate of), Chi- 
cago: Chinese hanging — China (gift) 

Bascom, Dr. William R., Berkeley, 
California: 4 specimens of primitive art 
— West Africa (gift) 

Bentley, Mrs. W. C, Chicago: 
lady's gown — China (gift) 

BiEBER, Miss C. F., Santa Fe: cotton 
shirt, fiber basket, sleeveless jacket — 
Borneo (gift) 

Brown, Miss Fanny P., Harwich- 
port, Massachusetts: Chinese seven- 
stringed lute (ch'in) — China (gift) 

Burley, Mrs. F. L., Chicago: Wood- 
land pot — Indiana (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1957): 20 restorable and 5 intact pot- 
tery vessels, 267 stone, bone, shell, and 
baked-clay artifacts, and 3 fragmentary 
human skeletons — Vernon Sites 30 and 
31, Little Ortega Lake Site, Laguna 
Salada Site, Phipps Ranch Site, and 
Curtis Site 

Purchases: 17 pieces of Japanese and 
Ryukyuan resist-dyed textiles, 15 pre- 
historic Peruvian textiles, 3 lacquer 
dishes (Ch'angsha Ch'u of ancient 
China), Tibetan temple painting 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. Paul M., 
Duanellon, Florida: 13 archaeological 
specimens — Arizona and Iowa (gift) 

Davis, Walker B., Chicago: knife, 
2 woven mats — Philippines (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 10 stone projectile points — 
Arabia (gift) 

Glover, Miss Frances, Chicago: 
5 wooden combs — Burma (gift) 

Graham, Dr. David C, Englewood, 
Colorado: 317 Chinese rubbings repre- 
senting Han and post-Han periods, 141 
Tibetan woodblock prints, Miao gaign 
(Chinese, liu-sheng) wind instrument, 
wood specimen from the ancient Ch'u 
city of Ch'angsha — China (gift) 


Han, Miss Nyunt, Rangoon, Burma: 
2 lacquerware table-mats — India (gift) 

Hester, Evett D., Jeffersonville, 
Indiana: 132 pieces from Hester Col- 
lection of Philippine ceramic recoveries 
(final part of 3-part collection that has 
been presented) — Philippines (gift) 

Koch, Raymond, Winnetka, Illinois: 
5 modern Pueblo pottery vessels — ; 
Arizona and New Mexico (gift) j 

Langewis, J., Kyoto, Japan: piece 
of Japanese resist-dyed textile — Japan 

Long, Lewis E., Harrison, Arkansas: 
potsherds — Afghanistan (gift) 

PiNSOF, Philip, Wilmette, Illinois: 2 
Japanese inros, Chinese jade piece, Chi- 
nese pendant — Japan and China (gift) 

Plass, Mrs. Webster, New York 
and London: African mask headdress — 
East Africa (exchange) 

Quimby, G. Edward, Chicago: bark- 
cloth breech clout — New Guinea (gift) 

Schmidt, Mrs. C. L., Chicago: pair 
of Chinese shoes worn by woman with 
bound feet, 25 articles of children's 
clothing from about 1900 — China (gift) 

Schultz, Clyde, Chicago: collection 
of about 200 archaeological specimens 
 — Orland and Palos townships, Illinois 
(gift) i 

Taubenhaus, Dr. Matthew, Chi- \ 
cago: photographs of rubbings of 5 of 
the 6 charges of Tang T'ai-Tsung — 
China (gift) ] 

Teller, Sidney A., Chicago: 2 speci- | 
mens of San Bias Indian appliqued tex- 
tiles, snuff bottle, pair of embroidered 
sleeve-borders, embroidered table-piece 
— Panama and China (gift) 

Thurow, D. R., Champaign, Illinois: 
84 African ethnological specimens, 
Ivory Coast — West Africa (gift) 

Trier, Robert, McKenzie Bridge, 
Oregon: stone figure (double) sculpture 


in low relief, Borabora Island — Polyne- 
sia (gift) 

VON GuNTEN, Mrs. Carl, Wheaton, 
Illinois: tapa-cloth robe and belt, large 

sheet of inner bark used in manufacture 
of tapa cloth — Polynesia (gift) 

Whitehair, James, Chicago: wooden 
Buddhist image — Korea (gift) 


Aguilar G., Josfi Ignacio, Guate- 
mala City: 1,000 plant specimens (gift) 

Aristeguieta, Dr. Leandro, Cara- 
cas, Venezuela: 120 plant specimens 
(exchange) ; 45 plant specimens (gift) 

Bartel, Karl E., Blue Island, Illi- 
nois: 9 plant specimens (gift) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
1,605 plant specimens (gift) 

BiRDSEY, M. R., Coral Gables, Flor- 
ida: photostat, plant specimen (gift) 

BOELCKE, OsvALDO, Buenos Aires: 
104 plant specimens (exchange) 

Breitung, a. J., Pasadena: plant 
specimen (gift) 

California, University of, Berke- 
ley: 135 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 

Chicago Natural History Museum : 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark 
(field trips): 5,024 plant specimens 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(field trips): 970 plant specimens, 12 
wood specimens, 12 seed samples 

Purchases: 100 plant specimens — 
Australia; 500 plant specimens — Colom- 
bia; 155 plant specimens — Cyprus; 675 
plant specimens — England; 14 wood 
specimens — Fiji; 204 plant specimens — 
Mexico; 345 plant specimens — Pakis- 
tan; 1,539 photographs 

Daston, J. S., Chicago: 3 photo- 
graphs (gift) 

Davenport Public Museum, Daven- 
port, Iowa: 21 plant specimens (gift) 

Degler, Roy H., Jefferson City, 
Missouri: plant specimen (gift) 

Dickinson Company, Albert, Chi- 
cago: plant specimen (gift) 

Donald Richards Fund: 50 mosses 
— New Zealand 

DoRAN, Jack, Barrington, Illinois: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 3 cryptogamic specimens, plant 
specimen, 7 economic specimens (gift) 

Forest Products Laboratory, 
Madison, Wisconsin: 58 wood speci- 
mens (exchange) 

Forest Products Laboratory, 
Ottawa, Canada: 56 wood specimens 

Georgia, University of, Athens: 5 
plant specimens (gift) 

Georgia Experiment Station, Ex- 
periment: 2 seed samples (gift) 

Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valpa- 
raiso, Indiana: 12 cryptogamic speci- 
mens, 11 plant specimens (gift) 

Hansen, Chester E., Chicago: 3 
plant specimens (gift) 

Hawaii, Board of Commissioners 
OF Agriculture and Forestry, Hono- 
lulu: 45 wood specimens (exchange) 

Hermann, A. J., Chicago: 2 wood 
specimens (gift) 

Hershey Chocolate Corporation, 
Hershey, Pennsylvania: several eco- 
nomic specimens (gift) 

Illinois Natural History Survey, 
Urbana: 20 plant specimens (exchange) 

Illinois State Museum, Spring- 
field: 3 plant specimens (exchange) 

Institute of Jamaica, Kingston: 58 
plant specimens (exchange) 


Firenze, Italy: 47 wood specimens (ex- 

Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janei- 
ro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 251 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

Jardin Botanico Municipal, Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: 52 seed samples 

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brus- 
sels, Belgium: 203 plant specimens 

Kausel, Dr. Eberhard, Santiago, 
Chile: 498 plant specimens (exchange) 

Laughlin, Kendall, Chicago: 14 
plant specimens (gift) 

Levi, Dr Ursula, Santiago, Chile: 
12 plant specimens (gift) 

Lilly and Company, Eli, Indianap- 
olis: 12 plant specimens, 10 drug sam- 
ples (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann 
Arbor: 757 plant specimens (exchange) 


Miner, Carl S., Chicago: fungus 



DE Venezuela, Caracas: plant speci- 
men (gift) 

Minnesota, University of, Min- 
neapolis: 91 plant specimens, 82 seed 
samples (exchange) 

Missouri, University op, Colum- 
bia: 118 plant specimens (exchange) 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 4 plant specimens (exchange); 
100 ferns (gift) 

Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois: 
74 seed samples (gift) 

National Botanic Gardens, New- 
lands, South Africa: 85 seed samples 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York: 391 plant specimens, 75 
photographs (exchange) 

Nogle, Harold, Port Arthur, Texas: 
4 plant specimens (gift) 

North Coast Herbarium, Santa 
Rosa, California: 29 plant specimens 


Oaks, Orville A., Wilmette, Illinois: 
24 wood specimens (gift) 

Ogle, Peter K., Paoli, Pennsylva- 
nia: 3 plant specimens, seed sample 

Oklahoma Agricultural and 
Mechanical College, Stillwater: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Pacheco H., Dr. Mariano, Guate- 
mala City: 9 plant specimens (gift) 

Pahnke, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert, 
Chicago Heights, Illinois: plant speci- 
men (gift) 

Pakistan, Ministry of Agricul- 
ture, Karachi: 4 seed samples (gift) 

Palmer, Ernest J., Webb City, Mis- 
souri: 819 plant specimens (gift) 

Palser, Dr. Barbara, Chicago: 10 
plant specimens (gift) 

Punjab Agricultural College, 
Karachi, Pakistan: 5 seed samples (gift) 

Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gar- 
den, Claremont, California: 832 seed 
samples (exchange) 

Regional Plant Introduction 
Station, Ames, Iowa: 4 seed samples 

Rhodesia, Forest Department, 
Kitwe, Northern Rhodesia: 8 wood 
specimens (exchange) 

Russow, Richard W., Chicago: wood 
specimen (gift) 

Segal, Simon, Chesterton, Indiana: 
plant specimen (gift) 

Sherfp, Dr. Earle E., Hastings, 
Michigan: 18 plant specimens, 5 photo- 
graphs, 3 negatives (gift) 

SOUKUP, J., Lima, Peru: 20 plant 
specimens (exchange) 

SwiNK, Floyd A., River Forest, Illi- 
nois: 63 plant specimens (gift) 

Taiwan Forest Administration, 
Taiwan, China: 20 wood specimens (ex- 

Tasmania, Forestry Commission, 
Hobart: 15 wood specimens (exchange) 

Tennessee, University of, Knox- 
ville: 208 cryptogamic specimens (ex- 

Thieret, Dr. John W., Homewood, 
Illinois: 141 plant specimens (gift) 

United States Department of 
Agriculture: 2 wood specimens (gift) 

Vasquez, a. Alvan, Iquitos, Peru: 
6 plant specimens, 5 wood specimens 

Wait, Mrs. L. H., Miami, Florida: 
plant specimen (gift) 


Academy of Sciences of the 
U.S.S.R., Minsk: specimen of Hressk 
meteorite — Minsk region (exchange) 

Boas, Dr. Glenn, Chicago: specimen 
of Arthropleura — Illinois (gift) 

Chicago NaturalHistoryMuseum: 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 

and Bruce Erickson (New York State 

Paleontological Field Trip, 1957): 222 


specimens of fossil fishes, plants, and 
invertebrates — Pennsylvania , 

Collected by Dr. Eugene S. Richard- { 
son, Jr. (field work): undetermined in- 
sect and scorpion and specimen of 
Adelophthalmus mazonensis — Illinois 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
and Orville L. Gilpin (Wyoming Paleon- 


tological Expedition, 1957): collection 
of fossil mammals — Wyoming 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl and 
Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (field 
work): collection of fossil fishes and 
specimen of Cochliodont tooth — Indiana 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Dr. 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., and William 
D. Turnbull (field work): collection of 
Cucullaea negleda — New Jersey 

Purchases: mineral specimens, fossil 
egg — various localities 

CzYZEWicz, Teddy, Chicago: fossil 
insect-wing, annelid, 2 plant nodules — 
Illinois (gift) 

Douglas, Mrs. Walter, Phoenix, 
Arizona: polished section of petrified 
palm-trunk, petrified wood (Schaldaria 
adamanacus) , specimens of silicified 
tree-ferns, specimen of septarian con- 
cretion — various localities (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: approximately 136 species of 
Pleistocene seashells and coquina sam- 
ples — Florida (gift) 

Florida Geological Survey, Talla- 
hassee: casts of Merychippits teeth (ex- 

Glover, Miss Frances, Chicago: 
package of ruby dust — Burma (gift) 

GouGH, Dr. Glenn T., Topeka, 
Kansas: specimens of celestite, speci- 
men of gypsum with selinite, geode 
filled with calcite crystals, calcite "cone 
in cone," specimen of fossiliferous lime- 
stone — Kansas (gift) 

Healy, Mrs. H., Chicago: various 
mineral specimens — various localities 

HoTCHKiss, A. R., Evanston: grou- 
tite crystals — Minnesota (exchange) ; 
groutite crystal aggregate, groutite with 
hematite — Minnesota (gift) 

Illinois Minerals Company, Cairo: 
earthy mass — Illinois (gift) 

JuANiTA Mines and Laboratories, 
Blythe, California: various quartz spec- 
imens — California (gift) 

Kjellesvig-Waering, Erik N., Ja- 
maica: Permian bryozoan (Fenestella) — 
western Guatemala (gift) 

Marshall, Byron C, Hot Springs 
National Park, Arkansas: aggregate of 
quartz crystals — Arkansas (gift) 

Minnesota, University of, Minne- 
apolis: Desmatochelys lowi Williston 
(vertebrae, carapace, girdles, limb ele- 
ments) — South Dakota (exchange) 

Ozark Biological Laboratories, 
Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas: 
specimen of nodular pyrite — Arkansas 

Peters, Ronald E., Chicago: fossil 
stem of tree-fern (gift) 

Pivorunas, August, Chicago: Poly- 
chaete worm — Illinois (exchange) 

Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo, 
Cartagena, South America: 450 verte- 
brate and invertebrate specimens — 
northwestern Colombia (gift) 

Rowley, Elmer B., Glen Falls, New 
York: collection of minerals — New York 

Russell, John E., Bloomingdale, 
Indiana: baby-mammoth tooth — Indi- 
ana (gift) 

Schmidt, Dr. Wolfgang, Krefeld, 
Germany: plaster cast and rubber mold 
of Herbstiala herbsti (exchange) 

Shimizu, K., Chicago: 45 specimens 
of fossil mammals — Wyoming (gift) 

SiNKANKAS, Captain John, Arling- 
ton, Virginia: specimens of hambergite 
— California (gift) 

Speight, Glenn, West Branch, Iowa: 
specimen of Goniophyllum — Iowa (gift) 

Sturtevant, Roy, Chicago: speci- 
men of dendritic sandstone — Arkansas 
(gift); specimens of autunite — Maine 

Texas, University of, Austin: cast 
of Amphicyon specimen (exchange) 

William J. Chalmers Crystal 
Fund: fossil palm-leaves — Colorado; 
A.P.I, clay mineral reference specimens 
— various localities; wulfenite crystal 
group — Mexico; polished section of fos- 
sil palm-trunk — Texas; specimen of 
wulfenite crystal — Arizona 


Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 268 non- 
marine mollusks — North America and 
Mexico (exchange); 284 lots of land- 
snails — Europe (gift) 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York : bird — Afghanistan 

Araujo, Renato, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
121 army ants — Brazil (gift) 


Bartel, Karl, Blue Island, Illinois: 
16 gall wasps — Illinois (gift) 

BiLLiNGSLEY, Gary, Alpine, Texas: 
fairy shrimp — Texas (gift) 

Bohart, Dr. Richard M., Davis, 
California: 63 mosquitoes — Ryukyu Is- 
lands (gift) 

BouLTON, RuDYERD, Washington, 
D.C.: 175 birds— Angola (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 2 lizards — Borneo; 29 
beetles — worldwide (exchange) 

Brown, Dr. Walter C, Stanford, 
California: 4 lizards — Philippines (ex- 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 2 land snails — California 

California at Los Angeles, Uni- 
versity OF, Los Angeles: 639 fishes — 
Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Clipper- 
ton Island, California, and Australia 
(exchange); 2,041 fishes — various local- 
ities (gift) 

Camp, Dr. Charles, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 5 reptiles and amphibians — 
California (gift) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: frog 
— Philippines (exchange); 3 fishes — 
Guam and Colombia (gift) 

Cherry, Walter, Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: approximately 2,500 seashells — 
various localities (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas (North- 
west Pacific Coast Zoological Field Trip, 
1957): 92 snails and slugs — California 
and Oregon 

Collected by Dr. Robert F. Inger 
(local field work): 4 turtles, frog — 
United States 

Collected by Celestino Kalinowski 
(Peru Zoological Expedition, 1956- 
1957): 386 mammals, 241 birds, 260 in- 
sects and ectoparasites, 58 nonmarine 
shells — Peru 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
Zoological Field Work, 1957) : 264 mam- 
mals, 1,639 birdskins, 505 reptiles and 
amphibians — Philippines 

Collected by Kjell von Sneidern (Co- 
lombia Zoological Expedition, 1957): 
444 mammals, 1,989 ectoparasites, 19 
fishes, 67 reptiles and amphibians — 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (Co-op- 
erative Field Work with United States 
Fish and Wildlife Service in Western 
Caribbean, 1957): 5,210 fishes— west- 
ern Caribbean 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (local 
field trip): 62 fishes — Lake Michigan 

Purchases: 171 mammals, 864 birds, 
55,512 insects, 8 lots of fishes, 370 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 49,897 lower in- 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 13 mammals, 8 
birds, 2 lizards — various localities (gift) 

Cincinnati Museum, University 
OF, Cincinnati: bird — Paraguay (ex- 

Cohen, Dr. David, Stanford, Cali- 
fornia: 4 fishes — Spain (gift) 

Domergue, Dr. Charles A., Tunis, 
Tunisia: 15 lizards — Tunisia (exchange) 

Dominion Museum, Wellington, New 
Zealand: 25 land and fresh- water snails 
— New Hebrides (gift) 

Drake, Dr. Carl J., Washington, 
D.C.: 2 water-striders — Florida (gift) 

Duever, Michael, Chicago: rattle- 
snake — Illinois (gift) 

Effingham County Farm Bureau, 
Effingham, Illinois: 2 slugs — Illinois 

EiGSTi, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
61 ectoparasites — Nebraska and Florida 

Ellis, A. E., Epsom, England: 37 
specimens and 72 lots of fresh-water 
clams — Europe (gift) 

EscALENTE, RoDOLFO, Montevideo, 
Uruguay: 2 birds — Uruguay (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 85 millipedes, 42 centipedes, 
5 lots of fishes, 103 reptiles and am- 
phibians, 53 lots of lower invertebrates 
—Florida (gift) 

Florida, University of, Gaines- 
ville: 3 birds — Mexico and Florida (ex- 
change); 2 fishes — Florida (gift) 

Fouche, Mrs. Ruth Allen, Chi- 
cago: 80 lower invertebrates — Puerto 
Rico (gift) 

Franzen, Albert J. (deceased), Chi- 
cago: 3 pocket gophers — Illinois (gift) 

Franzen, Dr. Dorothea, Blooming- 
ton, Illinois: 44 nonmarine shells — 
Minnesota (gift) 

Freihofer, W. C, Stanford, Califor- 
nia: 29 fishes — California (gift) 

Gage, Lloyd G., Yuma, Arizona: 10 
lower invertebrates — Gulf of California 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 13 sea-snakes — California 


(gift) ; 4 microscope slides of protozoans 


Grow, Raymond, Gary, Indiana: bat 
— Indiana (gift) 

Haas, Glenn E., Deerfleld, Illinois: 
13 fleas, 22 ticks — Wisconsin (gift) 

Haines, Professor R. Wheeler, 
Baghdad, Iraq: wild pig — Iraq (gift) 

Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Is- 
rael: 18 lots of fishes — Israel (exchange) 

HooGSTRAAL, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
122 mammals, 41 birds, 19 bat ticks, 54 
reptiles and amphibians — Egypt and 
Tanganyika (gift) 

HuBRiCHT, Leslie, Louisville, Ken- 
tucky: 27 fresh-water clams — Kentucky 

Illinois, University of, Urbana: 
blind cavefish — Indiana (gift) 

Inger, Dr. Robert F., Homewood, 
Illinois: fish — Louisiana (gift) 

Institut des Parcs Nationaux du 
Congo Belge, Brussels, Belgium: 510 
frogs — Belgian Congo (exchange) 

Institute for Medical Research, 
Kuala Lumpur, Malaya: 10 chigger 
mites — Malaya (gift) 

Jerkins, Trudie, Tarpon Springs, 
Florida: frog — Colombia (gift) 

Johnson, Robert A., Urbana, Illi- 
nois: bird — Siam (exchange) 

Kirtisinghe, Dr. P., Colombo, Cey- 
lon: 15 frogs — Ceylon (gift) 

Kistner, Dr. David, Rochester, New 
York: 2,892 insects — United States and 
exotic (gift) 

Kobayashi, K., Kobe, Japan: 32 
birds — Japan (exchange) 

Krauss, Dr. N. L. H., Honolulu, 
Hawaii: lizard — North Borneo (ex- 
change); 15 insects, 19 lower inverte- 
brates, 15 reptiles and amphibians — 
Africa (gift); 5 lizards — Wake Island 

Laird, Dr. Marshall, Quebec: 24 
reptiles and amphibians, 7 lots of tad- 
poles — Singapore (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago : 5 mam- 
mals, 2 lizards — various localities (gift) 

LucKow, Mrs. George, Evanston, 
Illinois: 224 insects — mostly Austria 

MacDougall, Thomas, New York: 
2 eels — locality unknown (gift) 

Malkin, Borys, Minneapolis: 2 
fresh-water clams — Brazil (gift) 

Maul, Dr. G. E., Funchal, Madeira, 
6 fishes — Funchal Bay (gift) 

McReynolds, John W., Atchison, 
Kansas: 44 beetles — various localities 

Medem, Dr. Frederick J., Bogota, 
Colombia: 3 turtles, 10 crocodile eggs, 
crocodile skull — Colombia (gift) 

Meyer, Dr. M., Rostock, Germany: 
8 lots of frog larvae — Germany (ex- 

Michigan, University of. Museum 
OF Zoology, Ann Arbor: 17 nonmarine 
snails — Venezuela (exchange); 37 land- 
snails — New Hebrides (gift) 

Mississippi Game and Fish Com- 
mission, Jackson: salamander — Missis- 
sippi (exchange) 

Moore, Donald R., Ocean Springs, 
Mississippi: 18 bivalve shells — Alabama 

MoYER, John T., care of APO, San 
Francisco: 31 birds — Japan (gift) 

Museum and Art Gallery, Durban, 
Natal, Union of South Africa: 2 birds — 
South Africa (gift) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 4 frogs — 
Borneo (exchange); 110 landsnails — 
Bismark and Solomon Islands (exchange) 

Museum G. Frey, Munich, Germany: 
667 beetles — Europe, Asia, North 
Africa (exchange) 

National Museum, Manila: 44 birds 
— Philippines (exchange) 

Natur-Museum und Forschungs- 
Institut Senckenberg, Frankfurt-am- 
Main, Germany: 150 beetles — mostly 
Europe (exchange) 

NiCEFORO Maria, Hermano, Bogo- 
ta, Colombia: 4 turtles — Colombia (gift) 

Pacific Salmon Investigations, 
Seattle: 2 fishes — Pacific Ocean (gift) 

Pasho, Major R. E., care of APO, 
San Francisco: frog, lizard — Borneo 

Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela: bird — Venezuela (gift) 

Philip, Dr. Cornelius B., Hamil- 
ton, Montana: 2 horseflies — Philippines 
(gift); 6 tabanid flies — Malaya, Man- 
churia, and Philippines (gift) 

Raffles Museum, Singapore: 7 liz- 
ards — Borneo (gift) 

Rand, A. Stanley, Chesterton, Indi- 
ana: 48 reptiles and amphibians — Ger- 
many (gift) 

Ray, Eugene, Morton Grove, Illi- 
nois: 32 beetles — United States (gift) 


Richardson, Professor L. R., Wel- 
lington, New Zealand: 4 fishes — New 
Zealand (exchange) 

Rogers, Mrs. Rudolf J., Chicago: 
sea-turtle — Ryukyu Islands (gift) 

Ross, Miss Lillian A., Chicago: 8 
reptiles and amphibians — Cayman Is- 
lands (gift) 

Sarawak Museum, Kuching: 60 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 190 mammals — 
Borneo (exchange) 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl P. (deceased), 
Homewood, Illinois: 11 lizards — Texas 
and China (gift) 

SCHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale. New York: 100 marine shells — 
worldwide (gift) 

Selander, Dr. Richard B., Urbana, 
Illinois: 30 beetles — United States and 
Mexico (exchange); 2 beetles — Utah 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
crab — upper Florida Keys (gift); fish — 
locality unknown (gift) 

Siegel, Simon, Porter, Indiana: owl 
— Indiana (gift) 

Smith, Allyn G., San Francisco: 2 
landsnails — Idaho (gift) 

Stadelman, Raymond E., Medellin, 
Colombia: 2 bats, 38 reptiles and am- 
phibians — Colombia (gift) 

Strohecker, Dr. Henry F., Coral 
Gables, Florida: 18 beetles (gift) 

Texas, University of, Austin: 11 
fishes — Mexico (gift) 

Therond, Jean, Nimes, France: 47 
beetles — various localities (exchange) 

TiERPARK Hellabrunn, Munich, 
Germany: 2 European bison — Europe 

Trinidad Regional Virus Labora- 
tory, Port of Spain: 50 bat flies — Trini- 
dad (exchange) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: 36 
lots of fishes of Atlantic and Pacific 
oceans, 137 fishes of various localities, 
60 invertebrates of Gulf of Mexico, 13 
invertebrates of Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of 
Mexico, and Caribbean Sea (gift); and 
Seattle, Washington: 5 fishes — Pacific 
Ocean (gift) 

United States Geological Survey, 
Washington, D.C.: 12 snails — Palau Is- 
lands (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: lizard — Peru (ex- 
change); 149 landshells — various local- 
ities (exchange) 

Weld, Dr. Lewis H., Arlington, Vir- 
ginia: 67 gall wasps — United States 

Werler, John E., Houston: lizard — 
Mexico (gift) 

Wesby, Vernon, Chicago: 3 fishes — 
Canada (gift) 

Wilimovsky, Dr. Norman, Stan- 
ford, California: 123 fishes — Alaska 

Williams, Louis and Rua, Bethesda, 
Maryland: shrew — Honduras (gift) 

Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 25 fishes — Lake Michigan (gift) 

YuNKER, Dr. Conrad, Cairo: lizard 
—Egypt (gift) 

Zeidler, Herbert, Cologne, Ger- 
many: 50 birds — various localities (ex- 

Zoologisch Museum, Amsterdam, 
Netherlands: 20 fresh-water shells 
— Yugoslavia (exchange) 


UND Museum Alexander Koenig, 
Bonn, Switzerland: bird — South- West 
Africa (exchange) 


Chicago Natural History Museum : largements, 252 lantern slides, 454 koda- 
Made by Division of Photography— chromes, 3 transparencies 
1,770 negatives, 22,098 prints, 986 en- 


International Film Bureau, In- 
corporated, Chicago: "Color of Life" 
(1,000-foot color-sound film) — purchase 

McGraw-Hill Films, New York: 
"Life in a Garden" (500-foot color- 
sound film) — purchase 

MuRL Deusing Productions, Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin: "The Living Bird" 
(500-foot color-sound film) — purchase 



Donors (Institutions) 

El Paso Natural Gas Company, El Paso, 

Gregg M. Sinclair Library, University 
of Hawaii, Honolulu 

The John Crerar Library, Chicago 

South African Institute for Medical 
Research, Johannesburg, Union of 
South Africa 

Zoological Society of London, London 

Donors (Individuals) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Tennessee 
Brown, Miss Fanny P., Harwichport, 

Buhler, Dr. Alfred, Ethnographical 

Museum, Basel, Switzerland 

Decker, C. O., Chicago 

Delacroix, Msgr. S., Catholic Institute 

of Paris, Paris 
Doak, Dr. C. C, Agricultural and 

Mechanical College of Texas, 

College Station 
Dos Passos, Cyril F., Mendham, 

New Jersey 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 
Haines, T. F. Davies, 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, 

Incorporated, Summit, New Jersey 
Hamill, Mrs. Alfred E., Lake Forest, 

Hester, Evett D., Jeflfersonville, 


Inger, Dr. Robert F., Homewood, 

Korean Ambassador, New York 
Korean Mission to the United Nations, 
New York 

Langewis, L., Zaandam, Holland 
Levi, Wendell Mitchell, Sumter, 
South Carolina 

Mills, Jack P., and Vera M. Mills, 

Elfreda, Arizona 
Murray, K. C, Nigerian Museum, 

Lagos, Nigeria 

Rand, Dr. Austin L., Chesterton, 

Reed, Dr. Charles A., Chicago 
Ribeiro, Darcy, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Schmidt, Dr. Karl Patterson 
Homewood, Illinois 

Thurow, D. R., Champaign, Illinois 
Toncheff, John G., Chicago 
Twisselmann, Mrs. Ernest C, 
Cholame, California 

Wilson, Archie F., Summit, New Jersey 

Representative Accessions 

(Acquired by Gift, Exchange, or Purchase) 


Aubreville, Andr6, La flore forestiere de la Cote d'ivoire, 3 v. (1936) 
Barcelo y Combis, D. Francisco, Flora de las Islas Baleares (1870-81) 
Bergh, Rudolph, Beitrdge zur Kenntniss der Coniden (1895) 

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de, De V Organisation des animaux, ou principes 
d'anatomie comparee (1822) 


Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich, Beytrage zur Naturgeschichte, 2 pts. (1806) 

, Handbuch der Naturgeschichte (1807) 

Boddaert, Petri, De Chaetodonte Argo. De Chaetodonte Diacanthio (1770-72) 
Bourliere, Francois, Elemens d'un guide bibliographique du naturaliste (including 

supplement 1 and 2), 2 v. (1940-41) 
Brard, Cyprien Prosper, Histoire de Coquilles terrestres et fluviatiles qui vivent aux 

environs de Paris (1815) 
Brown, Margaret Elizabeth, ed., The physiology of fishes, 2 v. (1957) 
Buffon, George Louis Leclarc, comte de, Beautes de I'histoire naturelle des quad- 

rupedes, 2 v. (1819) 
Burmann, Nilolaus Laurens, Flora Indica . . . (1768) 
Burney, James, A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific 

Ocean, v. 1 (1803) 
Burrows, Edwin Grant, Western Polynesia, a study in cultural differentiation (1938) 
Butterlin, Jacques, La constitution geologique et la structure des Antilles (1956) 
Cabrera, Angel, Manual de Mastozoologla (1922) 
Caine, Ralph L., Paleographic and geologic history of earth processes (condensed 

edition) (1952) 
Charlesworth, John Kaye, The quaternary era, 2 v. (1951) 
Chevey, P., Poissons des Campagnes du "de Lanessan" (1925-29) (1932) 
Clark, John Desmond, Prehistoric cultures of the Horn of Africa (Occasional Publi- 
cations of the Cambridge University Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, 

no. 2) (1954) 
Cubieres, Simon Louis Pierre de, Histoire abregee des Coquillages de Mer . . . (1890) 
Darlington, Philip Jackson, Zoogeography (1957) 
Dietrich, Giinther, and Kurt Kalle, Allgemeine Meereskunde; eine Einfiihrung in 

die Ozeanographie (1957) 
Duftschmid, Kaspar, Fauna Austriae, oder Beschreibung der osterreichischen filr 

angehende Freunde der Entomologie, Theil 1-3 (1805-25) 
Dunbar, Carl Owen, and John Rodgers, Principles of stratigraphy (1957) 
Elkin, Adolphus Peter, The Australian aborigines; how to understand them (1938) 
Flint, Richard Foster, Glacial and Pleistocene geology (1957) 
Fowler, Henry Weed, Os peixes de dgua doce do Brasil, 2 v. (1948-51) 
Froemming, Ewald, Biologic der mitteleuropaischen Siisswasserschnecken (1956) 
Goebel, Karl, ed., Botanische Abhandlungen, nos. 1-21 (1922-32) 
Graells y de la Agiiera, Mariano de la Paz, Fauna mastodoldgica Iberica (1897) 
Gronovius, Joannes Fredericus, Flora Orientalis . . . (1755) 
Heinrich, Eberhardt William, Microscopic petrography (1956) 
Kylin, Harald, Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen (1956) 
Le Danois, Edouard, Jacques Millot, Theodore Monod, and Paul Budker, Fishes 

of the world (1947) 
Linne, Carl von. Fauna suedae a Carolo A Linne equ inchoatae pars prima sistens 

mammalia, aves, amphibia et pisces suedae quam recognovit, emendavit et auxit 

Andreas Joannes Retzius (1800) 

, Natuurlyke historic ... 37 v. (1761-85) 

McLachlan, Robert, A monographic revision and synopsis of the Trichoptera of the 

European fauna, 2 v. (1874-84) 
Mourlon, Michel Felix, ed., and G. Simoens, ed., Bibliographia geologica ... 6 v. 

Neaverson, Ernest, Stratigraphical palaeontology (1955) 
Nyman, Carl Fredrik, Conspectus florae Europaeae, 2 v. (1878-90) 
Retzius, Anders Johan, Animadversiones in classem mammalium Linnaeanam . . . 

Riesenfeld, Alphonse, The megalithic culture of Melanesia (1950) 


Rivers, William Halse Rivers, The history of Melanesian society, 2 v. (1914) 

Schmalenbach, Werner, African art (1954) 

Thornton, Robert John, The British flora; or, Genera and species of British plants 

... 5 V. bd. in 2 (1812) 
Thunberg, Karl Peter, Fauna Americae meridionales . . . 3 v. (1823) 

, Fauna Brasiliensis . . . (1823) 

, Fauna cayanensis . . . (1823) 

, Fauna chinensis . . . (1823) 

, Fauna Guineensis . . . (1823) 

, Fauna Japonica continuata . . . (1823) 

, Illustratio animalium Svedae rariorum . . . (1823) 

, Museum Naturalium Academiae Upsaliensis, pts. 1-8 (1787-89) 


Archivfur Protistenkunde. v. 1-96 (1902-43) 

Botanisches Zentralblatt. v. 1-32 (1880-87) 

Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris." v. 18-21, 29-30, 32, 37-40, 42 (1915-17) 

(1918) (1923-26) (1928) 
I'Echange; revue linneene. v. 1-11, 22-24, 27-29 (1888-1913) 
Entomological Society of India. Memoirs, v. 1-4 (1945, 1951, 1954, 1955) 
Entomologische Blatter, v. 6-8, 21-24 (1909-12, 1925-28) 
Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde. Zeitschrift fiir allgemeine Erdkunde. v. 1-3, 5 (1853- 

55), n.s. V. 1-6, 12-13, 19 (1856-65); ser. 3, v. 1-2, 9-15, 17, 20-21, 23-30, 

32-33 (1866-67) 
Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde. Verhandlungen. v. 7-20, 23-25 (1880-98) 
Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin. Sitzungsberichte. (1887-89, 

1903, 1921, 1927) 
Internationale Archiv fiir Ethnographic, v. 40-41, 43, 46-47 (1942) (1943) (1952) 

Lambillionea. v. 1-25— (1896-1956—) 
Oesterreichische botanische Zeitschrift. v. 1-3, 9-10, 12-17, 20-21, 33-35, 37, 42-45 

(1851-53, 1859-60, 1862-67, 1870-71, 1883-85, 1887, 1892-95) 
"Redia." Gornale di entomologia ... v. 31-41 (1946-56) 
Societas entomologica. v. 30-44 (1915-29) 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward, E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall* 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D." 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

'I' deceased 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Beyer, Professor H. 0. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 
Field, Stanley 

Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 
King of Sweden 

Harris, Albert W. 


Sargent, Homer E. 

Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Calderini, Charles J. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 

Collins, Alfred M. 

Cutting, C. Suydam 
Day, Lee Garnett 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Hancock, G. Allan 


Sargent, Homer E. 

Judson, Clay 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Vernay, Arthur S. 
White, Harold A. 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent sertnce to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Hochreutiner, Dr. 
B. P. Georges 

Humbert, Professor 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 
Buchen, Walther 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Morton, Sterling 
Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

* deceased 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Bensabott, R. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J.* 
Cummings, R. F.* 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

InsuU, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 


Sargent, Homer E.* 

Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Walpole, Stewart J.* 
Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Mil ward* 
American Friends of 

Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Mrs. Claire S. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 


CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 

Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Telling, Miss Elisabeth 
Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Solis, Dr. M. 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bascom, Dr. William R. 
Bennett, Holly Reed 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blaschke, Stanley Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M,* 
Borden, John 
Boulton, Rudyerd 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Carman, Dr. J. Ernest 
Clyborne, Harry Vearn 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 
Cummings, Walter J. 

* deceased 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C* 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 

Gerhard, William J. 
Graham, Dr. David C. 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Hand, Miss La Verne 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Isham, Henry P. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

King, Joseph H. 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 
Lundelius, Dr. Ernest 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
Martin, Dr. Paul S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 

McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Odell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Park, Dr. Orlando 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse, Langdon* 
Pinsof, Philip 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schmidt, Karl P.* 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Searle, John G. 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thorne 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E.* 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 
Trier, Robert 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Ware, Louis 
Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P. 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell, L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 

Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

McBain, Hughston M. 

Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 
Richardson, George A. 

Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 


Sargent, Homer E. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, Lester 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward 
Birdsall, Mrs. Carl A. 
Borden, John 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Bumham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carney, William Roy 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carton, Alfred T. 

Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 

Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edmunds, Philip S. 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W.' 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Forgan, James B. 

Gowing, J. Parker 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelley, Russell P. 
King, James G. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliflfe 

Ladd, John 

Levy, Mrs. David M. 

Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Fowler 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 


LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 

Morse, Charles H. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 

RubloflF, Arthur 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Simpson, James, Jr. 
Simpson, John M. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Swift, Harold H. 

Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Veatch, George L, 

Waller, Richard A. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Crossley, Sir Kenneth 

Fentress, Calvin 
Field, Norman 


Hemmens, Mrs. 
Walter P. 

Hibbard, Frank 

Munroe, Charles A. 
Welling, John P. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Mtiseum 

Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 

Gregg, Clifford, Jr. 
Gregg, Captain John B. 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 
Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. 
Ruble, George C. 

Shirey, Dwight 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Weaver, Mrs. Lydia C. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Sardeson, Orville A. 


Tlwse who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Abrams, Dr. Herbert K. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Ames, Joseph B. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Francis M. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

William A. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 

Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Norman 
Asher, Dr. Sidney 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Baer, David E. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Bannister, Miss 

Ruth D. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. John S. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 

Bechtner, Paul 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckstrom, Miss 

Lucile M. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 
Berens, Dr. David G. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Binder, Miss Kay 
Bingham, Carl G. 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Miss Martha V. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bittrich, Miss Grace 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 



Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boal, Thomas 
Bodman, W. S. 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borcherdt, Mrs. 

Robert T. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. John 

Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Arthur S. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 

Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Isadore 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunsvold, Mrs. 

Henrietta A. 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buehler, Robert 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Edmund L. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Paul 

Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 

Campbell, Herbert J. 
Campbell, John Noble 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Carton, Laurence A. 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Chester, W. T. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolph A. 
Clements, George L. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Coates, John M. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 



Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collier, Mrs. Corina 

Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connery, John 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooley, Gordon A., Sr. 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Costanzo, Dr. 

Vincent A., Jr. 
Coston, James E. 
Cottle, Dr. Maurice H. 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, William D. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crawford, Henriques 
Creange, A. L. 
Criel, Theodore A., Jr. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cross, Robert C. 
Crowley, C. A. 
Crown, Robert 

Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutler, Paul William 

Daemicke, Mrs. Irwin 

Dahlberg, Wendell 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Decker, Charles 0. 
De Costa, Lewis M, 
de Dardel, Carl O. 
Deeming, W. S. 
Degen, David 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
De Vries, David 
De Witt, Dennis 
Dick Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 

Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 


William R., Jr. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dix, Richard H. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Dole, John L. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Elliott 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Mrs. Helen 

Douglass, Kingman 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Mo'ise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudak, Mrs. Anna 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J, 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Durand,'Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Edelson, Dave 



Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Ehlers, Clarence P. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss 

Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenhower, Earl D. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Howard 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
English, Harold 
English, William L. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Esgar, R. Rea 
Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Everett, William S. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs. B. J, 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Feiwell, Morris E. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 


Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Field, Meyer 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Mrs. 

Edward R. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fleischman, Miss Anne 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. 

Alfred K. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Franklin, Egington 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, William 
Freidlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 

Fuller, Judson M. 
Fulton, Paul C. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Sheridan 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gear, H. B. 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Gelling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glade, David Bruce 



Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Godley, Mrs. John M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golber, David 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Goodfriend, S. L. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Green, Michael 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Greenwald, Herbert S. 
Gregory, Stepehn S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griswold, Harold T. 

Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grothenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, William M. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Harding, John Cowden 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Harrison, Arthur C. 
Hart, Henry N. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 

Haugen, Bernhart 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Florence G. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hieber, Master J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Rolwood R. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 




Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Hoffman, Edward 

Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollins, Gerald 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hooper, Miss Frances 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 

Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 
Katherine J. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

I ekes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Ingram, Frank H. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Isham, Henry P., Jr. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Jansey, Dr. Felix 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John J 

Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide \ 
Johnson, Alvin 0. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Norman E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Dr. Fiske 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, J. Morris 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. i 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kaine, James B. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Stanley A. 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 



Keith, Stanley 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenny, Henry 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Kent, Robert H. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, Paul C. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Harold R. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knight, Howard 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Frei J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson O. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 

Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
KraflFt, Mrs. Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kraus, William C. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kroeschell, Robert A, 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtzon, Morris 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 

Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Lafiin, Miss June 

Lafiin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lafiin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Lafiin, Louis E., Ill 
Lafiin, Miss Mary 

Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langdon, Lawrence E. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 

Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leahy, James F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Robert O. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leighton, George N. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Tourneau, Mrs. 

Levi, Julian H. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 

Sigmund W. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebenson, Harold A. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillyblade, Clarence O. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lodge, Robert H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 



Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Lotz, PhiUp W. 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludgin, Earle 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Mackoff, Mrs. Saul 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F„ Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majka, F. L. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Maling, Albert 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. 

Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 

Manierre, Louis 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mark, Griffith 
Marker, Van E. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Adolf 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
Mc Arthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McCloud, Thomas W. 
McClun, John M. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 

McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Mehan, Mrs. Georgette 
Meidell, Harold 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Charles A. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T., Jr. 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, John F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, Wesley A. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 



Moeller, George 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Moroni, Aldo L. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, James S. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neskow, Dr. Peter S. Y. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Joseph 

Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 

Nichols, J. C. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norem, Mrs. Lawrence E. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
Offield, James R. 
Offield, Wrigley 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor 0. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orndoff , Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
O'Rourke, Mrs. Harry J. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P, 
Page, John W. 
Pain, F. W. 

Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Thomas A. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Mrs. Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F, 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Perry, William A. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, William O. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth F. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 



Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plochman, Cordelia G. 
Plummer, Comer 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Pope, Herbert 
Pope, John W. 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, L. W. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Prall, Bert R. 
Pray, Max 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 

Raber, Franklin 
Racheff, Ivan 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ratner, Walter B. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 

Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farnsworth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Reed, Guy E. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reid, Robert H. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Re Qua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Rinaldo, Philip S., Jr. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M, 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roebuck, Mrs. A. S. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rogovsky, W. P. 

Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romane, Julian J. (Pat) 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A, 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosen wald, Richard M. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 


Melville N., Jr. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubinson, Kenneth Alan 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Runnells, John S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Arthur 
Ryan, Eugene F. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salk, Erwin A. 
Salk, Dr. Melvin R. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schafer, O. J. 



Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheiner, Miss Clara A. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schick, Dr. Armin F. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 

Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shakman, James G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Sharp, Carl J. 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Edward D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Shumway, Spencer 

Sidley, William P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sieracki, Mrs. Anton 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles A. 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 

Smith, L. Richard 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snyder, Harry 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Frederich L. 
Spencer, John P. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spitz, Joel 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving, Sr. 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, L. L. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, John 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 



Stolp, John A. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Mrs. 

Herman A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Sutherland, William 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, George H., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tarrant, Ross 
Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, James L. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, Orville 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thomas, W. E. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 

Thornburn, John N. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tockstein, Miss 

Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Trimble, Mrs. M. B. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Turney, Kenneth R. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 
Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. 
Frederic W. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Vance, Dr. Graham A. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Vanek, John C. 

Van Hagen, Miss 

Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Ness, C. Radford 
Van Schaak, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Verson, David C. 
Vette, J. L. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogl, Otto 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen- 
von Glahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Louis A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldman, S. C. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Watkins, George H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Herbert J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 



Weaver, John M. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weir, Paul 

Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesby, Vernon L. 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, E. Todd 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 

Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Wicks, Russell M. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Williamson, Mrs. Jack A. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, D. H. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 

Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. RolHn D. 
Wood, William G. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woolman, John S. 
Work, Robert 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Elmer K. 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 

Abbell, Maxwell 
Allison, Mrs. William M. 
Arn, W. G. 
Atwood, Philip T. 

Baer, Walter S. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Buddig, Carl 

Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carmell, Daniel D. 


Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Cedar, Merwyn E. 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Cox, James C. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crooks, Harry D. 

Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 

Egan, William B. 

Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 

Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Furry, William S. 

Gall, Charles H. 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R. 

Haight, George I. 
Harris, David J. 
Hart, William M. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Heller, Albert 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 



Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 

Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 

Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Leverone, Louis E. 
Lochman, Philip 
Lueder, Arthur C. 

Magill, John R. 
Manley, John A. 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 

DECEASED 1957 (continued) 

Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Mueller, Paul H. 

Newhall, R. Frank 
Nufer, Eugene F. 

Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Osborn, Theodore L. 

Peck, Dr. David B. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Porter, Charles H. 

Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Regensburger, R. W. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Remy, Mrs. William 

Ridgeway, Ernest 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Ross, Joseph F. 
Rubovits, Theodore 

Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Siegel, David T. 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Sutton, Harold I. 

Tobias, Clayton H. 
Turck, J. A. V. 

Webster, Arthur L. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Works, George A. 

Zork, David 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Baxter, George R. 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Droste, Albert C. 

Hagerty, Kenneth A. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Oates, James F., Jr. 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 

Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 
Trott, James Edwards 
Vas, Gabriel N, 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Akenson, Wylie G. 
Arenberg, Albert L. 
Armour, Mrs. 
Stanton, Sr. 
Ashe, Clayton 
Austin, Edwin C. 

Baldwin, Rosecrans 
Ball, Clayton G. 
Basinger, Paul J. 

Berwanger, Jay 
Betts, David H. 
Bliss, Vincent R. 
Brodie, Miss Laura 

Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Cathcart, Silas S. 
Cone, Fairfax M. 
Coursen, Charles B. 

Dennis, Joseph W. 
Dick, A. B., Ill 
Dry, Meyer 
Duclos, George A. 

Farley, Preston 
Fisher, Mrs. Raymond 
Folds, Charles W. 

Guilbault, Joseph E. 



Haas, Albert F. 
Hartman, Dr. Robert R. 
Hume, Patrick H. 
Hunt, Jarvis 

Jacobson, A. J. 
Johnson, John H. 
Jonswold, C. R. 

Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Koczur, Dr. Joseph L, 

Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Kyritsis, Mathon 

McKinlay, John, Jr. 
Michaels, Allen C. 
Michels, Robert D. 
Minas, Karl K. 
Morgan, John Alden 

Ott, John Nash, Jr. 

Plunkett, Paul M. 
Price, Mark 

Schlanger, K. 
Smeeth, William B. 
Solinsky, R. S. 
Sorensen, T. R. 
Stanhaus, Wilfrid X. 

Tibbitts, Douglas E. 

Van Duzer, John B. 
Van Koert, Lewis I. 

Winslow, Seth L. 


Brigham, Miss Lucy M. 



Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abel, Miles L. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Abrams, Burton R. 
Abrams, Irving S. 
Abrams, James Ross 
Ackerman, Dr. Joseph 
Ackermann, Kurt J. 
Adams, Mrs. Anne 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Addington, Mrs. 

Sarah Wood 
Ader, David L. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Howard 
Aeby, Miss Jacquelyn 
Ahern, Edwin W. 
Ahlfeld, William J. 
Aishton, Richard A. 
Akerhaugen, Alfred 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberding, Charles 

Albiez, George 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Alford, Lore W. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Hubert E. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allen, Wayne M. 
Allenduff, Harold W. 
Allison, Anthony G. 
Allworthy, Joseph 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

American, John G. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Anders, W. C. 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Carlyle E. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, John D. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Robert Gardner 
Anderson, William A. 
Andrews, C. Prentiss 
Anger, Frank G. 

Anixter, Edward F. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Antal, R. 

Arenberg, Albert L. 
Armstrong, Richard R. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, G. E. 
Arnold, Herbert R. 
Arnold, Lorn E. 
Arnold, Dr. Robert A. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ashbrook, Charles G. 
Ashburne, Dr. L. Eudora 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Frederick 
Aste, William J. 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Auert, Fredrick W. 
Aurelio, Anthony J. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Austin, L. R. 
Ayers, William P. 

Backler, Irving M. 
Backman, C. E. 
Baechle, Carl 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Bagley, A. B. 
Bahr, Carl W. 
Bailey, George E. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baird, J. Kenneth 
Bairstow, Mrs. 

Harry, Jr. 
Baker, Bruce 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baker, Paul E. 
Baker, Robert C. 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Baldwin, Benjamin 
Ball, Ralph K. 
Ballard, E. E. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, S. R. 

Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 

Banks, Dr. Seymour 
Bannon, James W. 
Barber, H. B. 
Barclay, Harold 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bard, Roy E. 
Barden, Horace G. 
Barke, Oscar, A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, Robert Clyde 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barlow, John T. 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barnett, Stephen D. 
Barney, Albert S. 
Barnow, David H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barr, William A. 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Bartels, Miss Nell 
Bartelson, Lyle W. 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Arthur H. 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bates, Dr. Alvin F. 
Bates, Bennitt E. 
Batey, John W., Jr. 
Batson, Burnham L. 
Bauer, John A. 
Baum, Dr. Hugo C. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 
Baumgart, C. T. 
Baumgartner, Walter H. 
Bavelaar, William D. 
Baxt, David B. 
Baxter, Miss Edith P. 
Baxter, John H. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Beach, Milton B. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beasley, Milton R. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 



Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Becker, Edward C. 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beigel, Herbert A. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belden, V. R. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Bell, Arthur 
Bell, Mrs. John C. 
Bell, Dr. Julius N. 
Bellano, Mrs. William 
Bellmar, Miss Lucinda 
Benedek, Dr. Therese 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benke, Paul A. 
Bennan, Edward J. 
Bennett, Clinton C. 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, MjTon M. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benz, John E. 
Berens, Alfred S. 
Berens, Edward P. 
Bergdahl, Hal A. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berger, Bernard B. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergman, Arthur W. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berman, Seymour 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, Arthur L. 
Bert, Vernon J. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessey, William 
Betz, Carl E. 
Beug, Theodore C. 
Beven, T. D. 
Bick, Carl A. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Biedermann, Leo F. 
Bielenberg, Ivan L. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Bikle, W. E. 
Billings, Fred G. 
Billings, Marshall L. 
Bindenagel, Wilbur E. 
Birch, Dr. George W. 
Birchwood, Dr. Eugene 
Bird, Miss Anne 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Birndorf, B. A. 

Bish, Raymond H. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, E. D. 
Black, John D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaeser, Anthony J. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Bland, Lee 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Samuel W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blossom, Mrs. 

George W., Jr. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blowitz, Milroy R. 
Blume, E. Henry 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenfeld, Robert 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blumenthal, Dr. Irving 
Blumenthal, Milton M. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Bodman, Robert E. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Bohrer, Mason L. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolgard, Clifford 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bonifield, Charles 
Bonniwell, Donald R. 
Boone, Edgar R. 
Borge, Michael 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Boulton, Frederick W. 
Bower, George L. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, Frederick M. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyar, Sidney L. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyd, R. G. 
Bradburn, Dr. George B. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradley, John R. 
Bradshaw, J. L., Jr. 

Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brady, Michael J. 
Brand, Theodore 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandenburg, John A. 
Brandt, Fred T. 
Brandt, Leslie A. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brandt, William A. 
Brannan, Robert H. 
Braucher, Ralph L. 
Braun, E. J. 
Braun, James L. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Bregar, Hymen H. 
Brehm, Herbert E., Jr. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brent, John F. 
Brewer, Dr. Charles W. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridge, Arthur 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briehl, Dr. Walter 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Briggs, George L. 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Brock, William N. 
Brockett, R. M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodie, Dr. George H. 
Bromberg, Morris S. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Broska, Joseph 
Brosseit, George E. 
Broutman, Carl 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, C. Foster, Jr. 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Harry 
Brown, Richard P., Jr. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Browne, Aldis J., Jr. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Brownell, Miss Beryl 

Bruce, A. D. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Brunnell, Albert H. 
Brunner, Mrs. Fred G. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Bryson, W. D. 
Buchanan, L. B. 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buchbinder, Robert 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Buckley, Homer J. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Buddington, Robert M. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buehler, A. C, Jr. 
Buge, William R. 
Buhring, Albert G. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bumzahem, Carlos B. 
Bunge, George H. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Bunn, C. M. 
Bunn, William F, 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burd, James E. 
Burg, Charles J. 
Burg, Harry 
Burge, Philip W. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burgmeier, William T. 
Burke, James E. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnham, Mrs. 

Daniel H. 
Burns, William J. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burton, Scott F. 
Butler, Chester L. 
Butler, George W. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John C. 
Butler, John Meigs, Jr. 
Button, B. B,, Jr. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Mrs. Samuel S. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Cahill, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Cahill, Mrs. C. N. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Cairnes, W. E. 
Caldwell, John E. 
Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Call, Edgar J. 
Callan, T. J. 
Caloger, Philip D. 

Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Cambere, Ara A. 
Cameron, Anson W. 
Cameron, Mrs. John W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camino, Dr. Rudolph 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, Colin L. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, George V. 
Campbell, John Nobel 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Carey, Miss Carolyn 

Carl, Jack 

Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlen, Raymond N. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carlton, Howard A. 
Carpenter, Herbert R. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, Albert J. 
Carr, Ernest J. 
Carr, Mrs. Robert F. 
Carroll, J. B. 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Carton, Dr. Robert W. 
Cascino, Mrs. Anthony 
Caserta, Dr. John A. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassidy, Clayton G. 
Caster, John H. 
Catlin, Mrs. Kathleen 
Cella, John L. 
Cervenka, Carl 
Chase, Thomas B. 
Chadwick, George R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chapline, J. R. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chaznow, George 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chiara, Anthony R. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, Robert 

Childs, William C. 
Chorn, William G. 
Chinlund, Daniel K. 
Christener, Ernest W. 
Christensen, John W. 

Christensen, Robert W. 
Christian, John F. 
Christmann, Valentine H. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Churan, Miss Jessie 
Church, Freeman S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Claire, Richard S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Herbert B. 
Clark, Miss Herma 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clarke, Miss Lorena 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clarke, Dr. T. Howard 
Clarkson, John L. 
Clary, Joseph F. 
Cleaver, J. Benjamin 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cody, James P. 
Coe, Dr. George C. 
Coe, Lester 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coey, David R. 
Cogan, Bernard, J. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Maxim M. 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, Stephen G. 
Cohn, Mrs. Rose B. 
Coladarci, Peter 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, M. M. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Colegrove, Miss 

Charlotte A. 
Coleman, Donald 
Collins, Julien 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Compere, Newton L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conlin, Andrew F. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Conlon, Mrs. F. Patrick 
Conn, Warner S. 
Conrad, Mrs. Florence 
Considine, Dan J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Conte, Richard N. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Leslie H. 
Cook, Dr. Richard S. 
Cook, Wallace L. 
Cook, William A. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooke, William H. 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, George J. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Corbin, Harold 

Harlow, Jr. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Corliss, Allen G. 
Cornwall, Robert 
Corper, Philip 
Corrington, John W. 
Corse, C. J. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coulter, Thomas H. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, Edward E. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowan, Ralph 
Cowen, Dr. Jack P. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, G. R. 
Cox, Dr. Henry L. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Grain, G. D., Jr. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crane, Earl D. 
Cravens, Mrs. Thomas R. 
Crawford, W. F. 
Crawford, Wallace L. 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crisp, Marion Cole 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Cross, W. D., Jr. 
Crowson, George M. 
Cruttenden, James R. 
Cryor, Robert E. 
Cuca, James A. 
Cudahy, William B. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culbertson, John Carey 
Culbertson, S. A., II 

Culhane, Martin A. 
Cullen, J. A. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cuneo, John A. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Curry, James L. 
Curtis, Glenn R. 
Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cutter, Charles F. 

Daggett, Walter R. 
Dahlberg, Theodore L. 
Dalkoff, Seymour 
Dahlin, Carl A. 
Daly, James J. 
Daniels, Draper 
Daniels, Herbert 
Darby, John H. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Darrow, William W. 
Daspit, Walter 
Dato, Edwin E. 
Dauwalter, F. Schuyler 
David, Morton A. 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidson, D. E. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, DeForest Paine 
Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dawes, Charles C. 
Dawson, Dr. I. Milton 
Dawson, Ira T. 
Dean, John S. 
Debs, Mrs. Jerome H. 
Dechert, Curt H. 
De Costa, H. J. 
Dedmon, R. Emmett 
Dee, P. J. 

Delaney, Frederick A. 
Delano, Lester A. 
De Larye, Dr. William L. 
de la Torre, Dr. Alberto 
De Lay, Frank P. 

De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 
De Marke, George 
Delp, Larry 
Demme, Joseph P. 
Demos, Peter T. 
De Motte, R. J. 
Deneen, Miss Florence 
Denemark, A. F. 
Denman, Walter W. 
Dennehy, John I. 
Dentz, Frank R. 
De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depperman, William H. 
Deree, William S. 
Dern, James G. 
Derry, Joshua J. D. 
Desgrey, Charles W. 
De Tolve, Anthony J. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
Devoe, Carl 
DeVore, Dr. Lloyd T. 
De Vuono, Frank 
De Witt, Clyde F. 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton 0. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, R. C. 
Didricksen, J. W. 
Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dittrich, F. J. 
Dixon, Arthur 
Dixon, Lyman W. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dobbin, Robert A. 
Dobek, Edward W. 
Dobkin, I. 

Dockendorf, Miss Phyllis 
DoctoroflF, John 
Dodd, Walter F. 
Dolan, Tom 

Dolezal, Mrs. George E. 
Domville, Mrs. 

Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donoghue, James V. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dorsey, John K. 
Doss, James M. 
Doty, William M. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, H. James 
Douglass, Richard W. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Downs, Charles S. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Miss Alvertta 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, Mrs. R. Taylor 
Drangsholt, Mrs. 

Gunnar S. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, George E. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Duensing, M. C. 
Duff, Philip G. 
Dulla, Steven J. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Duncan, C. W. 
Duncan, J. Russell 
Duncan, Kent W. 
Dunham, James W. 
Dunkle, Raymond M., Jr. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, William E. 
Dunlop, Charles 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Durham, F. J. 
Durham, William E. 
Durrie, Paul H. 
Duty, J. E. 

Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earlandson, Ralph O. 
Earley, Mrs. Daisy 
Early, Preston H. 
Eastman, A. D. 
Eaton, Mrs. Harry 

Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Ebbers, Todd A. 
Ebzery, Mrs. Angela 
Eckert, Theodore T. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Edes, Francis D. 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edwards, Dr. Eugene A. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Edwards, Herman C. 
Egan, A. J. 
Ehler, Herbert 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 
Eiberg, Miss Alice 
Eiberg, Miss Olga 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisendrath, David C. 
Eismann, William 
Eldred, G. Lane 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Eldred, Miss Mary W. 

Elfring, George E. 
Ellies, E. E. 
Elling, Winston 
Ellington, J. E. 
Elliott, F. F. 
Ellis, Mrs. Benjamin F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Erie M. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph E. 
Ellner, L. A. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Elting, Winston 
Elver, Thomas 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V. 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epson, Albert J. 
Epsteen, Dr. Casper M. 
Epstein, Benno B. 
Epstein, Harvey 
Epstein, Herman L. 
Epstein, Joseph 
Ercoli, Dr. N. 
Erichsen, Mrs. Anna 
Erickson, Donald 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erickson, William N. 
Ersfeld, Dr. John G. 
Erzinger, Howard F. 
Escudier, A. F. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esko, Sampson 
Euston, J. Howard 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Elwood H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everett, Tolman G. 
Everote, Warren 
Evers, John W. 
Ewart, Cyril 
Ewen, Gordon H. 

Faber, Stephen D. 
Fagan, Miss Judith 
Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Kellogg 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Fairs, C. Ronald 
Faissler, John J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Falk, Mrs. C. B. 
Falk, Ralph, TI 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 

Farber, Dr. Harry H. 
Farber, Lynn C. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farris, Mitchel E. 
Farwell, Albert D, 
Fasano, Joseph F. 
Fasman, Irving D. 
Fasnacht, Rev. Walter L. 
Faulkner, Earle C. 
Faurot, Robert S. 
Faust, Harry C. 
Faverty, Clyde B. 
Fay, CHfford T., Jr. 
Fay, William E., Jr. 
Fee, S. L. 
Feely, Thomas P. 
Fehrs, William H. 
Feinberg, Stanley K. 
Felker, C. V. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Fenemore, Miss 

Fenn, John F. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Ferguson, William E. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Feuchtwanger, Sidney 
Ferry, Mrs. James H., Jr. 
Fey, Edward J. 
Fey, Dr. Richard W. 
Fiduccia, C. B. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Filerman, Arthur 
Files, E. S. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Finger, Mrs. Earl 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finley, P. C. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Firth, M. S. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Bernard M. 
Fisher, Dr. Charles I. 
Fisher, Mrs. Charles 

Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Lawrence R. 
Fishman, Isadore 
Fishman, Jacob M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Fishman, Dr. Jerome 
Fishman, Julius 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Max 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Mrs. Donald W. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzer, Joseph B. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Flagg, Miss Grace S. 
Flaherty, Miss Helen 
Flanagan, Dr. James B. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleischman, Bernard 
Fleischman, Philip A. 
Fleming, E. I. 
Fleming, Dr. James F. 
Flemming, Miss A. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, Mrs. Mildred C. 
Fletcher, V. J. 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S, 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Foell, W. J. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Ford, D. G. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Fort, George A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foster, Robert S. 
Foulks, E. E. 
Foulks, William 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earl B. 
Fox, Arthur E. 
Fox, Dr. Benum W. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, Miss Harriett E. 
Fox, John Jay, Jr. 
Fraerman, Henry S. 
Fraker, Charles D. 
Frale, Anthony M. 
Francis, Dean D. 
Frank, Albert 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M, 
Frank, Joseph R. 
Franke, Allyn J. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 

Franklin, Ben L. 
Franklin, G. K. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Freberg, Dr. Carl R. 
Freeark, Dr. Ray H. 
Freeman, A. A. 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, John 
Freeman, Kernal 
Freeman, Lawrence B. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
French, William C, Jr. 
Freudenfeld, Mrs. Silvia 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. 

Stanton A. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Friedeman, William S. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friendlander, Max B. 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frost, Henry C. 
Frye, W. P. 
Fuchs, J. D. 
Fucik, E. Montford 
Fucik, Frank M. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 

Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fuller, Norman S. 
Fuller, Perry L. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Funderburg, Robert 
Furey, Dr. Warren W. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Futterer, CO. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gadau, Harry L. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, M. J. 
Gall, Frank 
Gallagher, Mrs. 

Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Galleher, Maurice D. 
Gallo, Alfred E. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gamble, E. Ross 
Gamm, Dr. Stanford R. 
Gannaway, Robert K. 
Gannett, Gordon H., Jr. 

Gannon, John 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Garcia, Miss Mary 
Gardner, Burleigh B. 
Gardner, F. Sewall 
Gardner, Robert A., Jr. 
Gardner, W. Kelly 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garrod, Stanley H. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 
Garwacki, Dr. John H. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gatter, Lincoln O. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudian, Chester M. 
Gaudio, James C. 
Gawthrop, Alfred 
Gaylord, Mrs. Ruth K. 
Gearen, John J. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gee, James W. 
Gehlbach, H. Hunter 
Geist, Herbert 
Gell, Leon J. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genematas, William N. 
Geng, Arthur John 
Genge, Hugo V. 
Genther, Charles B. 
George, Nelson C. 
Georgeson, J. T. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Miss 

Margaret G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Geraghty, Thomas F., Jr. 
Gerber, Jossel 
Gerbie, Dr. Albert B. 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Geter, Howard D., Sr. 
Gettleman, Arthur 
Getzoff, Byron M. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Joseph P., Jr. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Gifford, Frederic Z. 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Gillespie, William L. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilmer, Frank B. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Girdler, Walter H., Jr. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaman, Miss 

Johanna C. 
Glassner, James J. 
Gleave, Winston 
Glockner, Maurice 
Glore, Hixon 
Glover, Chester L. 
Glover, Grange J. 
Gluck, Gerson I. 
Glueck, Samuel A, 
Goddard, A. L. 
Godfrey, Joe 
Godfrey, Thomas J. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Gold, Howard S. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Golden, John R. 
Goldenson, Abner 
Goldsby, Fred L. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goldstandt, Milton A. 
Golman, Joseph J. 
Gomberg, Arthur S. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gordon, Mrs. Debora 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gordon, Norman 
Gore, Mrs. Roston 
Gornick, Francis P. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Gossman, James L. 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gottschall, Robert V. 
Grace, Mrs. Harriet W. 
Graffis, Herbert 
Graffis, William 
Graham, Bruce J. 
Graham, David 
Graham, Donald M. 
Graham, Dr. John P. 
Graham, Raymond J. 
Granger, Mrs. Denise 
Grannan, Emmet 
Grant, Gordon B. 

Grant, Louis Z. 
Grant, Paul 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graw, Harry J. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Cola A. 
Greeley, Joseph M. 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Mrs. George L. 
Greenberg, S. U. 
Greenebaum, Robert J. 
Greenlaw, S. F. 
Gregg, Clarence T. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, James J. 
Grenwood, Bernard J. 
Grice, John E. 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grigsby, William A. 
Grimes, Don R. 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Grimm, Richard H. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grosball, James 
Grosscup, Edward E. 
Grote, Russell H. 
Groves, Mrs. Northa P. 
Gruendel, George H. 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guelich, Robert V. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunderson, Gunnar E. 
Gurley, F. G. 
Gurvey, Harry E. 
Gustafson, Carl 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haas, Howard G. 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagerty, Walter H. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Haigh, Arthur H. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hales, Burton W., Jr. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 

Hall, Harry C. 
Hall, John L. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Hallihan, Edward E, 
Hallmann, Ernest H. 
Halvorson, Harold L. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Mrs. George B. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hamlin, Dr. Howard H. 
Hamm, George A. 
Hammond, James W. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handelsman, Mrs. 

Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Handzik, George J. 
Hanelin, Dr. Henry A. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hanna, John C. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hansen, James 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Carroll Rede 
Harding, WiUiam H. 
Hardt, William M., II 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harig, Karl 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harrell, Mrs. Nina 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Herman 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, Robert Bruce 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Carter H., Jr. 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Harrow, Joseph 
Harsha, E. Houston 
Hart, Chester C. 
Hart, Eugene G. 
Hart, Henry A. 
Hart, James A. 
Hartigan, Miss Catherine 
Hartigan, L. J. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartman, Victor 
Hartung, Miss 
Elizabeth M. 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, Emmett C. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harwood, Robert I. 
Harwood, Thomas A. 
Harza, Mrs. Leroy F. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Hasek, Dr. V. O. 
Hasler, Mrs. Edward L. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassler, Edwin B. 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauck, Cornelius J. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayes, Dr. Alan B. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Hayes, Edward G. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Frank M. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Healy, Laurin H. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heath, William O. 
Heberling, W. S. 
Hebenstreit, Dr. K. J. 
Hecht, Frederick Charles 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedin, Walter L. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heffron, Kenneth C. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Hein, Leonard W. 
Heinekamp, Raymond A. 
Heineman, Ben W. 
Heinen, Dr. J. Henry, Jr. 
Heintz, F. H. 
Helgason, Ami 
Hellman, M. E. 
Helmer, Hugh J. 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, David E. 
Henkle, H. Douglas 
Henner, Dr. Robert 

Henningsen, Jack 

Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 

Henri, W. B. 

Hobbs, Russell D. 

Hendrick, George K., Jr. 

Hobscheid, Fred J. 

Henriksen, H. M. 

Hochberg, Jerome J. 

Herbert, W. T. 

Hochfeldt, William F. 

Herdina, Jerry 

Hodgdon, Donald G. 

Herdrich, Ralph C. 

Hodges, F. Robert 

Hermann, Grover M. 

Hoehler, Fred K. 

Herman, Laurence T. 

Hoeltgen, Dr. 

Herren, Wilson T. 

Maurice M. 

Herring, H. B. 

Hoelzel, William N. 

Herrschner, Frederick 

Hoffmann, Clarence 

Hertz, J. H. 

Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L 

Hertzman, Irving L. 

Hogenson, William 

Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 

Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 

Heuser, Arthur W. 

Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M 

Hewitt, Alfred G. 

Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 

Hickey, Matthew J., Jr. 

Hokenson, Gustave 

Higgins, Miss Margaret 

Hokin, Barney E. 

Highstone, Mrs. 

Hokin, Edwin E. 

William H. 

Hokin, Samuel E. 

Hilker, Mrs. Marion 

Holabird, William 

Hilkevitch, Dr. A. A. 

Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 

Hilkevitch, Dr. 

Holden, Harold M. 

Benjamin H. 

Holderby, Glen W. 

Hill, Charles W. 

Holland, Arthur M. 

Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 

Holland, Cyrus E. 

Hill, David A. 

Holland, Jesse J. 

Hill, Dormand S. 

Holland, M. J. 

Hill, Edward W. 

Holleb, Marshall M. 

Hill, Hoyt S. 

Holland, Morris Z. 

Hill, Mrs. Ivan 

Hollander, Alvin B. 

Hill, James J. 

Hollender, Dr. S. S. 

Hill, John W. 

Holliday, Preston H. 

Hill, Kenneth V. 

Hollis, W. P. 

Hill, Miss Marie 

Hollis, Dr. Robert H. 

Hill, Stacy H. 

Holloman, L. C, Jr. 

Hillier, William H. 

Holmes, John B. 

Hillis, G. 

Holmes, John S. 

Hillmer, Miss Louise 

Holt, Dr. Helen 

Hilton, Edward L. 

Holubow, Harry 

Hime, Horace C. 

Homan, Joseph 

Hindmarch, Alan 

Honquest, John T., Jr. 

Hines, Charles M. 

Hooper, A. F. 

Hingson, George D. 

Hooper, Walter P. 

Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 

Hoover, James C. 

Hinshaw, Joseph H. 

Hopkins, John L. 

Hirsch, Edwin W. 

Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 

Hirsch, Erich 

Horn, L. H. 

Hirsch, Dr. Lawrence L. 

Hornburg, Arthur C. 

Hirsch, Leonard H. 

Horner, Dr. Imre E. 

Hirschfeld, Cad 

Horton, Mrs. Arthur 

Hirsh, Herbert W. 

Horwich, Philip 

Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 

Horwitz, Samuel C. 

Hirtenstein, Robert E. 

Hoshell, Robert J. 

Hitshew, R. M. 

Hossack, Arthur L. 

Hix, Miss Elsie 

Houck, L. E. 

Hixson, Hebron 

Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 

Hjerstedt, Anders E. 

Hough, Charies F. 

Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 

Houha, Vitus J. 

Hobbs, Charies H. 

Houser, T. V. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Houston, John A. 
Howard, Harvey H. 
Howard, John K. 
Howard, Hubert E. 
Howard, Philip L. 
Howard, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Howe, Walter L. 
Howe, William J. 
Hoy, Pat 

Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huck, John W. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, George L. 
Hudson, William J. 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Humm, Joseph 
Hummel, J. W. 
Hummer, William B. 
Humphrey, Mrs. H. D. 
Humphreys, Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunt, John W. 
Hunt, Michael 
Hunt, Theodore W. 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Hunt, William R. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hunter, Lemuel B. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hutchings, John A. 
Hutchings, Sidney 
Hutchins, John S. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hyde, Milton E. 
Hyde, Mrs. Willis O. 
Hyer, W. G. T. 
Hynes, D. P. 
Hypes, William P. 

Ickes, Mrs. Wilmarth 
Iker, Charles 
Impey, Charles E. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Insley, Robert 
Insolia, James V. 
Irwin, A. J. 
Isaacs, George 
Isaacs, Roger D. 
Isaacs, T. J. 
Isham, George S. 
Iversen, Lee 
Ives, George R. 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jacker, Norbert S. 

Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Walter L. 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jaech, Miss Lillian K. 
Jaffe, Harry 
Jaffe, Julius C. 
James, Ralph C. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Janes, Otto 
Jarchow, Robert B. 
Jarecki, R. A. 
Jarrow, Stanley L. 
Jay, Richard H. 
Jelm, Theodore E. 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, B. J. 
Jennings, Charles A. 
Jennings, H. E. 
Jennings, Mrs. 

James W. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, Charles N. 
Jensen, Henry J. 
Jensen, James A. 
Jensen, Meredith 

St. George 
Jessen, Floyd E. 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Joffe, M. H. 
John, Rex K., Jr. 
Johnson, Clarence 
Johnson, Miss 

Donna Lee 
Johnson, Earl 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Emil T. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Lloyd C. 
Johnson, Mrs. J. M. 
Johnson, Miss Miilie C. 
Johnson, N. Howard 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, Ray Prescott 
Johnson, Robert K. 
Johnson, Walferd C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Johnstone, Norman H. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, George W. 
Jones, Owen Barton 

Jones, Mrs. 

Walter Clyde, Sr. 
Jordan, C. R. 
Jordon, Castle W. 
Jordan, Horace W. 
Jordan, Dr. John W. 
Jorden, Fred E. 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Jostock, H. J. 
Joy, Mrs. Estelle 
Joyce, William W. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Juzwick, E. A. 

Kadin, Dr. Milton M. 
Kahler, William V. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kamin, William C. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Daniel Francis 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanelos, Frank S. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E, 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Nathan A. 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Kapov, John J. 
Karlin, Daniel 
Karlin, Irving M. 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Katz, Meyer 
Katz, William 
Kauffman, Theo., Jr. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kavka, Dr. Jerome 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keator, Harry F., Jr. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keck, Richard B. 
Keegan, Russell W. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keeler, Carl R., Jr. 
Keen, Joseph J. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Keith, Donald K. 
Keith, Elbridge 
Kellberg, Robert A. 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Paul J. 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kellogg, Harry E. 
Kellogg, James G. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Dr. Frank B. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, T. L. 
Kelly, Mrs. T. L. 
Kelly, Thomas D. 
Kelsey, J. D. 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kemp, R. M. 
Kemper, James S. 
Kendall, Claude 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, Henry Warner 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy, Taylor L. 
Kent, Edward C. 
Kentor, William E. 
Kenyon, Dr. A. T. 
Kerner, Otto 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kerr, William D. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kessler, Dr. Michael C. 
Ketteman, Dr. 

Charles H. 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Ketzler, A. C. 
Kidd, Donald E. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kilmnick, M. L. 
Kimball, Charles H. G. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kincaid, Dr. Clement J. 
Kincheloe, Samuel C. 
Kindahl, John O. 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, H. R. 
King, Mrs. John 

King, John D. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, Robert H. 
King, Thomas V. 
King, Willard L. 
King, William H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Kinne, Harry C, Sr. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirchheimer, Thomas 
Kissel, Ben D. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klee, Steven Michael 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klein, William P. 

Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Arthur 
Knapp, William G. 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knell, Boyd 
Knight, Dr. Alva A. 
Knight, John S. 
Knight, Lester B. 
Knorr, Amos K. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowlson, J. S. 
Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, 0. N. 
Koenigsberg, Max 
Koerber, Lorenz F., Jr. 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kohn, Louis 
Kolar, George G. 
Kolb, Philip M. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolflat, Alf 

Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kolter, Dr. B. C. 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korschot, Benjamin C. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kot, Henry C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
KovaHck, W. W. 
Kozlik, Frank B. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Dr. George M. 
Kramer, Harry G., Jr. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Adolph 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Krebs, Walter O. 
Krehl, Rico B. 
Krensky, Arthur M. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kristof, James H. 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kroch, Carl A. 
Kroeschell, Mrs. Roy 
Kroll, Harry 
Kropp, Raymond 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupnick, Samson 

Krzeminski, Stanley J. 
Kuchar, Mrs. Marie 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Keuhne, E. Richard 
Kuhn, Charles 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
Kullman, F. H., Jr. 
Kunin, Maxwell 
Kurtz, George H. 
Kurtz, Mrs. Seymour J. 
Kurtz, William O., Jr. 
Kutchins, Edmund 
Kutza, Dr. Michael J. 
Kuzmiak, William M. 

Laadt, Dr. John R. 
Lachman, Harold 

Ferdinand W. 
Laidlaw, John 
Laidlaw, John, Jr. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Charles W., Jr. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lamberton, R. H. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lamos, Mrs. Emil 
Lancaster, Oscar L., Jr. 
Lance, O. C. 
Landau, S. J. 
Landreth, John T. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Lang, Gordon 
Lang, Neal 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lapham, Fenton D. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larson, L. S. 
Larson, Leslie S. 
Larson, Simon P. 
La Salle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Lasher, Willard K. 
Laterza, Michael F. 
Latham, Paul L. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Latta, Dr. Philip R. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lauder, T. E. 
Lavedan, Pierre F. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

La Velle, William J. 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawton, Robert M, 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leahy, George J. 
Leander, Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Lee, Mrs. Agnes 
Lee, Bernard F. 
Lee, Edward N. 
Leeb, Mrs. H. A. 
Leffler, F. 0. 
Le Goff, Montgomery 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehmann, Robert O. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leigh, Kenneth G. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Lensing, Edward C., Jr. 
Lentine, James 
Leopold, Robert L. 
Lerner, Al 
Lesch, Mrs. Isabel 

Leslie, Orren S. 
Levering, J. E. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Bernard W. 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levin, Sidney D. 
Levine, Bernard M. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Eli 
Lewis, Mrs. J. J. 
Lewis, Louis J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Ley, Richard J. 
Lickfield, Rev. F. W. 
Lieb, Warren H. 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Lieber, Maury 
Lieber, Philip A. 
Lietz, T. W. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lighter, Willard C. 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 
Liljedahl, Miss Edna V. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillienfield, C. H. 

Limarzi, Dr. Louis R, 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindar, A. J. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linn, Howard 
Linn, Mrs. W. Scott 
Linthicum, J. Francis 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
List, Stuart 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Liszka, Stanley J. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litsinger, Fred G. 
Litten, Chapin 
Littig, H. L. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Llewellyn, Karl N. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. Ross 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, William Bross, Jr. 
Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loebl, Jerrold 
Loehde, Mrs. William 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Logelin, Edward C. 
Logrbrinck, Edward 
Long, H. Dale 
Longwill, Donald E. 
Lonnes, Leon 
Lonnon, Raymond G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Loosli, Dr. Clayton G. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Loundy, Mrs. Mason A. 
Loung, George, Jr. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, Harold 
Love, Wenzel J. 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Lovell, Endicott R. 
Loventhal, William G. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Lowden, James E. 
Lowe, Edmund W. 
Lowe, Walter L. 

Lowe, William H. 
Lowrie, Mrs. John M. 
Lowrie, Raymond P. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Ludlow, Mrs. 

Frederick Orr 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Ludvik, William 
Lueders, Ralph J. 
Luftig, Victor M. 
Luken, M. G., Jr. 
Lundberg, Robert 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Lundy, Edward A. 
Lundy, Francis L. 
Luotto, Stefano 
Lurie, George S. 
Lurie, S. C. 
Luse, Mrs. D. Claude 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, V. Reges 
Lynch, William G. 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Dr. Samuel S. 

MacArthur, Donald 
MacArthur, Roger 
MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, Edward E., Jr. 
Mack, John J. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
Mackie, Robert W. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
Mackler, Dr. S. Allen 
MacKrell, F. C. 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
Macomb, J. deNavarre 
Madden, John 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Maher, Dr. David 

Maher, James P. 
Maier, Miss Mary F. 
Main, Charles O. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Major, Frank A. 
Major, Ross O. 
Malato, Stephen A. 
Malina, Marshall 
Mall, Arthur W. 
Mallegg, 0. O. 
Mandel, Sidney W. 
Mangier, Fred J. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Dr. Paul D, V. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Mannion, John F. 
Marchant, Miss Lillian 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Markey, Howard T. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 
Markman, Simeon K. 
Marks, Ira G. 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marley, John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Martin, Alvah T. 
Martin, Cecil 
Martin, Charles V. 
Martin, Eldon 
Martin, Glenn E. 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Marxer, Homer B. 
Maschgan, Dr. Erich R. 
Mashek, V. F., Jr. 
Mason, Charles M. 
Mason, Harvey R. 
Mason, J. A. 
Masse, Nicholas P. 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Mathewson, Mrs. Esther 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Mathis, Miss Christine 
Matson, H. M. 
Matter, Joseph A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Mauritz, Waldo 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, A. K., Jr. 
Maxwell, John M. 
Maxwell, Robert E. 
Maxwell, W. R. 
Maxwell, W. Stirling 
Maxwell, Dr. William L. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Harold M. 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Maynard, John G. 
McArthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McAulifife, J. D. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCall, Dr. I. R. 
McCally, Frank D. 
McCallister, James 

McCann, Charles J. 
McCarl, David N. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McCarty, M. F. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloska, Fred W. 
McClung, Richard 
McClure, Robert A. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, Donald J. 
McCoy, E. R. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdy, Ray J. 
McCurry, Paul D. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McDowell, Thomas E. 
McEldowney, C. R. 
McElhatton, Shaun P. 
McEvoy, Charles L. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGowen, E. J. 
McGreevy, John A. 
McGreevy, Robert J. 
McGrew, Edwin H. 
McGuffin, James P. 
McGuire, E. F. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKnight, L. G. 
McKy, Keith B. 

McLaren, Richard W. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaury, Mrs. 

Walker G. 
McLeod, William 
McMahon, Daniel P. 
McMahon, James P. 
McManus, J. L. 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNulty, Joseph M. 
McPherson, Cleo Edwin 
McSurely, Mrs. 

WilHam H. 
McWilliams, John C. 
Meana, Mrs. Kaye 
Means, John L. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Megan, Graydon 
Megowen, E. J. 
Mehn, Dr. W. Harrison 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Melchior, Roy F. 
Mele, J. F. 

Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mendelsohn, Martin 
Mendizabal, Dr. 

Mentzer, John P. 
Menzner, Mrs. 

Howard B. 
Mercer, C. W. 
Mercer, John F. 
Merker, George 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merrill, Raymond K. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mertz, James J. 
Mervis, David C. 
Mesenbrink, Paul H. 
Mesirow, Norman 
Metcalfe, Mrs. Charles 
Metcoff, Eli 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Metz, Carl A. 
Metzger, Roswell W. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Carl 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, L. E. 
Meyer, Miss Martha 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Meyers, Grant U. 
Meyers, S. E. 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michaels, Joseph M. 
Michaels, Ralph 
Michalko, Edward 
Michel, D, Daniel 
Miehls, Don G. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L, 
Miller, Arthur J., Jr. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Dr. C. O. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Dr. Cecelia E. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Mrs. Harvey 0. 
Miller, Henry E. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, Lloyd D. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Raymond E. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Thomas S. 
Miller, Wesley C. 
Miller, William B., Jr. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. 

William W. 
Mills, Mrs. 

Dorothy Stone 
Mills, Walter B. 
Milne, Mrs. David H. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mitchell, George 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Moburg, Gerry 
Mohl, Arthur F. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mooney, Walter A. 
Moore, Mrs. Carl R. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moorman, Charles L. 

Moran, Dr. Edward L. 
Moran, Frank W. 
Moran, J. Alfred 
Moran, James 
Morava, John H. 
Mordock, Mrs. 

Charles T. 
Mordock, John B. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, G. Walker 
Morgan, K. P. 
Morgan, Laurence W. 
Morgan, Mark C. 
Mork, P. R. 
Morley, Miss Nelle B. 
Morley, Robert T. 
Moroni, Harry E., Jr. 
Morris, Michael 
Morris, Milton H. 
Mortimer, Charles A. 
Morton, Howard C. 
Morrison, Benjamin F. 
Morrison, D. K. 
Mosher, Edward A. 
Moss, Jerry 
Moss, John T. 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mugg, Charles L. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. 

Michael F. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullery, Donald C. 
MuUin, Robert N. 
Munnecke, Robert C. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munroe, Roy B. 
Murphy, Carroll 

Dean, Jr. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, Edward F. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Michael P. 
Murphy, Stephen M. 
Murray, William M. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myers, Miss Etha C. 
Myers, Harold B. 

Nachman, H. S. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Narowetz, Louis L. 
Naser, Charles F. 
Nash, Gordon B. 

Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Joseph 
Nathan, Leonard 
Nathanson, Don Paul 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
Neeley, Albert E. 
Neff , Ward A. 
Neilson, Madison P. 
Nelson, Mrs. 

Arnold C, Jr. 
Nelson, C. E. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Norman W. 
Nemeroff, Maurice 
Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 
Nesbitt, Fred H. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Neufeld, Dr. 

Evelyn A. Rinallo 
Newberg, Paul K. 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, C. G. 
Newton, Lee Craig 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblick, James F. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, D wight 
Nickel, Walter J. 
Nickell, H. K. 
Nielsen, George 
Nielsen, Marc T. 
Niemann, Henry H. 
Nietschmann, Walter 
Nilles, B. P. 
Nilsson, Erik 
Nippert, Louis 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Nixon, Charles A. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Noel, Albert E. 
Noonan, William A., Jr. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norian, Richard 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 
Norris, Ross A. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Charles E. 
Norton, Michael J. 
Nowlan, Charles J. 
Nussbaum, Harold J. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Oberf elder, Joseph H. 
Oberlander, Dr. 

Andrew J. 
O'Boyle, C. Robert 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, Martin T. 
O'Connor, Hugh J. 
O'Connor, John B. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor, Thomas S. 
O'Connor, William E. 
O'Hair, R. C. 
O'Hanlon, Robert E. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Kieffe, De Witt 
Okner, Dr. Henry B. 
Oldin, Arthur K. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
Olson, R. H. 
O'Malley, Patrick L. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. Vincent 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Opie, Earle F. 
OrlikoflF, Richard 
O'Rourke, William F., Jr. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Orth, Gustave 
Orth, Dr. Michael M. 
Osanai, Mrs. Mary M. 
Osborne, John S. 
Osborne, Nathan G. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Oscar, Robert E. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Osgood, Roy C. 
Osgood, Stacy W. 
Ostermann, William 
Ostrander, Glenn R. 
O'Toole, Donald 
O'Toole, John J. 
Ott, Mrs. Fentress 
Ott, John C. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Ovenu, Dr. Harold 
Overton, George W., Jr. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 

Pacer, T. S. 

Packard, Miss Emmy Lou 
Padour, Dr. Frank J. 
Pafifhausen, J. V. 
Pakel, John, Sr. 

Palais, Gordon K. 
Papa, J. A. 

Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Paradee, Sidney A. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Paschal, John William 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Patchen, Dr. Paul J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, Mark L. 
Patterson, Stewart 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, L. O. 
Paul, Stanley 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Paveza, Charles 
Payes, William J., Jr. 
Payne, Harold N. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Peck, Stewart T. 
Peckler, Dr. David A. 
Pederson, Alfred S. 
Pelletieri, Dr. D. J. 
Pellicore, Dr. 

Raymond J. 
Pellouchoud, Vernon J. 
Pelz, William W. 
Pendexter, J. F. 
Penn, Kurt G. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pennigsdorf, Lutz 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, Harry D. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlman, Henry 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perrigo, Charles R. 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Person, Dr. Allgot G. 
Peskin, Bernard W. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, Harold E. 
Peterson, M. F. 

Peterson, O. C. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Peterson, Victor H. 
Peterson, Walter J. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Petty, Dr. David T. 
Petty, P. E. 
Pfarrer, W. H. 
Pfiffner, Mrs. Mary S. 
Pflaumer, Robert E. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, William Henry 
Phillips, Blair A., Jr. 
Philipsborn, Herbert F. 
Philipsborn, M. M., Jr. 
Pick, O. M. 
Piers, Dr. Gerhart 
Pierson, D. Robert 
Pierson, Roy J. 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pilcher, Dr. R. W. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
Pinsof, Philip 
Piper, Dr. C. H. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitts, Henry L. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Plotnick, Dr. I. Robert 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Podbielniak, Mrs. W. J. 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pohl, Dr. Carl M. 
Poister, John J. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Polyak, Mrs. Stephen 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, J. W. 
Poppell, Tyson E. 
Porter, L. W. 
Posey, Chester L. 
Post, Myron H. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Joseph John 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Powers, Carl J. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Pratt, Jacob C, Jr. 
Preble, Mrs. Robert, Jr. 
Preble, Robert C. 
Press, Robert M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Frank G. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, J. H. 
Prince, Howard C. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Pringle, Don 
Prins, D. J. B. 
Prior, Frank O. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Marvin E. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Provus, B. B. 
Pugh, Jonathan 
Pullman, Frederick C. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, William G. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenboss, Thomas C. 
Querl, E. P. 
Quigley, Jack A. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Radebaugh, Richard J. 
Rademacher, Miss 

Radford, George 
Radovich, Miss Bessie 
Randell, A. C. 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Rapp, George J. 
Rappold, Samuel R. 
Rasmussen, L. M. 
Ray, Mrs. William F. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Read, Freeman C. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Redcliffe, R. L. 
Redfield, C. Truman 
Reed, Ernest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, John S. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Reed, Theodore H. 
Reeder, Howard C. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeve, Frederick 

Reeves, George C. 
Refakes, A. J. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Rei chert. Dr. John M. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reid, Fred T. 
Reid, Miss Lillian F. 
Reid, Samuel S. 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reinecke, Lester W. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Reitman, M. R. 
Remien, Miss Marie 

Renald, Joseph P. 
Render, Miss Forsythe 
Renner, Carl 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Reskin, Charles G. 
Revnes, Richard 
Reynolds, James A., Jr. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, George, III 
Rich, Joseph E. 
Rich, Keith 
Richards, Harper 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Mrs. Oron E. 
Richart, A. W. 
Richmond, Herbert J. 
Richter, Ernest 
Richter, Frank J. 
Rickcords, Mrs. Francis 

Ridenour, G. L. 
Ridley, Douglas 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, W. R. 
Riha, Frank J. 
Riker, Dr. William L. 
Riley, Earl K. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Ringa, Dr. Edwin C. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rink, George A. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Risdon, Russell R. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 

Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Charles S. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, William E. 
Robinson, C. Snelling 
Robinson, Milton D. 
Roche, Donald M. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Roderick, Mrs. 

Howard F. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodriquez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roe, Frederick 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogal, Mrs. Helen L. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Rogers, Mrs. George P. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rohloff, Paul F. 
Rohn, Mrs. Esther E. 
Rohr, Dr. F. W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Rolfe, John M. 
Rollman, Justin A. 
Roman, B. F. 
Rome, Samuel 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus I. 
Roos, Edwin, J. 
Rose, Ben 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Roseland, J. G. 
Roseman, Joseph A., Jr. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosen wald, Mrs. Milly M. 
Roshkind, Allan I. 
Rosier, C. H. 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Rossman, Theodore 
Rotchford, J. Stuart 
Rotenberry, Dean 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 
Roth, Walter L. 
Rothermel, Sam A. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Rothschild, Mrs. Martin 
Roulston, Robert G. 



Rowe, F. B. 
Royds, Arthur V. 
Royer, Milton D. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rubin, Edward P. 
Rudin, Louis E. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 
Rundin, Walter C, Jr. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary H. 
Russell, Robert S. 
Russell, W. Hunter 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, George L. 
Ruttenberg, David C. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryser, Frank 
Ryser, Werner 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Saccone, Joseph A., Jr. 
Sack, Don 
Sackett, DeForest 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Sadlek, Robert James 
Sage, Andrew 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saldivar, Dr. Ricardo E. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, Joseph K. 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Harold L. 
Samuels, Richard L. 
Samuelson, George 
Sanborn, Dr. Earl B. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sanders, Benjamin G. 
Sandler, George S. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
San Filippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Richard S. 
Savage, Mrs. Stanley 
Savin, V. R. 
Sayers, Leon D. 

Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scala, Mrs. Florence 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scallon, John W. 
Scandiff, Jerry R. 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffer, T. H. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schageman, R. V. 
Schell, Edwin H. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schenk, Miss Marion H. 
Schiff, Max 
Schildt, Fred H. 
Schiller, Arthur J. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlacks, Howard F. 
Schlessinger, Dr. Nathan 
Schlicht, B. J. 
Schloer, Harold J. 
Schloss, Harold W. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossberg, John B. 
Schmehil, Dr. Edward J. 
Schmidt, Erhardt M. 
Schmidt, Erich F. 
Schmidt, Robert George 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmitt, Roland G. 
Schneider, Charles I. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoenhofen, Leo H. 
Schooler, Lee 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schreyer, Carl G. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schrom, Archie M. 
Schuck, E. H. 
Schuetz, Ralph E. 
Schulien, Charles 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, Whitt N. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schwartz, Ben E. 
Schwartz, Charles F. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Marc W. 

Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schweers, Richard H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Andrew C. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, Walter B. 
Scott, William Edouard 
Scott, William P. 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Sedlacek, Frank 
Seeley, Robert M. 
Seelmayer, Miss Helen M. 
Segal, Myron M. 
Seidel, Walter H. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sergeant, Roy W. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Sevcik, John G. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Thomas G. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shaffer, Harry G. 
Shannon, Dr. Charles E. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Shaver, Robert D. 
Shaw, John L 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Shefferman, Nathan 
Sheldon, Leo C. 
Shepard, Kenneth E. 
Shepard, L. L. 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shine, Joseph J. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Shoemaker, Paul B. 
Shorr, Phil 
Short, Charles F., Jr. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuart, Karl P. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Sills, Budd 
Silverthorne, Mrs. 

Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, Nicholas L. 
Simon, Mrs. Arnold B. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, George E, 
Simonson, Burton E. 
Simpson, John B. 
Sims, William W. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sitron, Dr. Harold H. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivyer, Warner 
Skan, Leon N. 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smallberg, Dr. 

William A. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, Bruce M. 
Smith, C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, F. Gordon 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Dr. Louis D. 
Smith, Miss Marie A. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, Mrs. Solomon B. 
Smolka, Oscar J. 
Smyth, David B. 
Snodell, Walter S., Jr. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Bernard 
Snyder, Bernard A. 

Snyder, Richard E. 
Soanes, Dr. Sidney V. 
Sokol, Miss Mary 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Solomon, Alfred B. 
Solomon, Ezra 
Soltes, Dr. F. J. 
Somerville, Mrs. 

Sommer, H. Ellsworth 
Sommer, Frederick H. 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Sonne, Fred T. 
Sorenson, Stanley M. 
Sorock, Herbert S. 
Spalding, Mrs. 

Vaughan C, Jr. 
Spangler, James C. 
Spanik, Miss Anne 
Spatta, George 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Specht, F. W. 
Speer, Stanton H. 
Speh, John C. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert T. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiehler, Adolph F. 
Spiel, Mrs. Robert E. 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Sprtel, Dr. Simon L. 
Squire, D. 
Squire, Robert L. 
Staack, Dr. 

H. Frederick, Jr. 
Staat, Richard A. 
StaflFeld, Byron C. 
Stafford, Richard W. 
Stafford, Dr. Wilma C. 
Stafford, Wirt W. 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stahl, John 
Stair, H. Bowen 
Staley, Miss Kate 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. I. 
Stange, Howard W. 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, Lyman A. 
Starosselsky, Nicholas 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stateler, C. B. 
Staub, E. Norman 
Stauffacher, E. L. 

Stavenhagen, Fred A. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Steans, Dr. George L. 
Stearns, James D. 
Stearns, Neele E. 
Stearns, Walter 
Stebler, W. J. 
Steding, Richard P. 
Steele, Mrs. Walter D. 
Stefan, Joseph J. 
SteflFen, Charles 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Stein, Mrs. Louise K. 
Steiner, George R. 
Steiner, Harold C. 
Steiner, Miss Joanne 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steitz, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Stekly, Harold 
Stenhouse, Miss 

Bessie C. 
Stensland, T. N. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stephens, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Stephens, Dr. Nathalie 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Lawrence F. 
Stern, Russell T. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Sternstein, Edward 
Stetson, William C. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Steven, Ian 

Stevens, Mrs. Clement D. 
Stevens, John Paul 
Stevenson, Mrs. Borden 
Stevenson, M. Bradley 
Stewart, Charles L., Jr. 
Stewart, Donald R. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stewart, Lynn 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stind, C. J. 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stitt, Robert B. 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Stoaks, Richard O. 
Stocker, Frederick B., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoddard, Robert M. 
StoflFels, Edgar O. 
Stofft, Edmond B. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stokes, Paul M. 
Stokesberry, Paul W. 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 
Stone, Mrs. J. S. 
Stone, J. McWilliams 
Stone, Marvin N. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Straka, Frank B. 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stratton, L. W. 
Stratton, Paul 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Streitmann, Albert P. 
Stresen-Reuter, A. P. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strohmeier, Dr. 

Otto E. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, Robert D., Jr. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stubenrauch, E. H. 
Stucker, Dr. Fred J. 
Stuckslager, Walter N. 
Study, Dr. Robert S. 
Stuebner, Edwin A. 
Stults, Allen P. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. 

Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Eugene T. 
Sullivan, Frank W. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Sundt, E. V. 
Suomela, John P. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svec, Anton E. 
Svensson, Olof 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, Harry R. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Sweeney, David B. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swett, Israel 
Swift, Phelps Hoyt 
Swift, T. Philip 
Swoiskin, Dr. Irving 
Swonk, Wayne 
Sykes, Binford H. 
Sykes, Byron M. 
Sylvester, Edmund Q. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Talbot, Mrs. C. Conover 
Talbot, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Tallat-Kelpsa, Dr. F. 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tansley, Charles B. 
Tarantino, Mrs. Mike 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarr, Lester W. 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Tax, Dr. Sol 

Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Tellschow, H. B. 
Templeton, Kenneth S. 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Teter Park 

Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thomas, Norman L. 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, Dr. W. V. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Thullen, Henry M. 
Tiberius, George 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, Mrs. E. L. 
Toggweiler, A. A. 
Tolpin, Dr. Samuel 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Tonn, George 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topaz, Martin 
Topolinski, J. J. 
TorfT, Selwyn H. 
Torgerson, Ray G. 
Towns, R. E. 
Trace, Master David R. 
Trace, Master Edward R. 
Trace, Dr. Herbert D. 
Trace, Master Peter A. 
Tracy, Dr. Paul C. 
Tracy, T. J. 

Tracy, Wheeler 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Trager, D. C. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Treadway, C. L. 
Treadwell, George P. 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tresley, Dr. Ira J. 
Triggs, Warren 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trumbull, William M. 

Walter Stanley, Jr. 
Turgrimson, Charles D. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Oliver S. 
Tyler, Mrs. Ivan L. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Urbain, Leon F. 
Urban, Andrew 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Urnes, Dr. M. P. 
Ushijima, Mrs. Ruth 

Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
Vale, Mrs. Murray 
Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vance, Patricia 
Vance, S. M. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, Nicholas J. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Van Deventer, William E. 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Etten, Floyd G. 
Van Gerpen, George 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Kirk, Mrs. R. D. 
Van Moss, J. H., Jr. 
Van Natta, V. R. 
Van Nice, Errett 
Van Stanten, James 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Van Swearingen, Guy H. 
Varley, John S. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vasalle, Master David 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Vasalle, Rudolph A. 
Vaughan, Alan W. 
Vaughan, Norman 
Vaughn, Wilbert T. 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Venema, M. P. 
Venetucci, Pasquale 
Venrick, Mrs. Charles F. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Vernon, John T. 
Ver Nooy, Miss Winifred 
Vetter, Paul G. 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Vihon, Charles H. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vogelback, Mrs. 

William E. 
Voigt, Mrs. Wilbur R. 
von Bonin, Dr. Gerhardt 
Von Gehr, George 
Von Meerwall-Srutek, 

Ernst Dieter 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wacker, Frederick G., Jr. 
Wadsworth, Charles 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, John A. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Wakefield, Dr. 

Ernest H. 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldner, Arthur L. 
Waldo, C. Ives, Jr. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred 0. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Mrs. India A. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Ward 
Walker, Wendell 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Percy H. 
Waller, William, Jr. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Wallingford, Donald H. 
Walsh, Donald J. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 

Warde, Frederick A. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warman, Winfield C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warton, Frank R. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterfield, John R. 
Waterman, Mrs. Alex H. 
Waterstreet, W. Neal 
Watkins, William A. P. 
Watling, John 
Watson, D. R. 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Watts, G. W. 
Weatherby, George W. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Weber, James E. 
Weber, John J. 
Weber, Miss Laura M. 
Weber, Warren J. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, N. C. 
Wedereit, Gene 
Weeks, Arthur G. 
Weeks, Harrison S. 
Weeks, Kenneth L. 
Wegrzyn, Dr. John T. 
Wegrzyn, Joseph 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weil, Joseph M. 
Weill, Leonard D. 
Weiner, Aaron B. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weinstein, Harold 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Louis J. 
Weiss, Norman L. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wells, Mrs. John E. 
Welsh, Vernon M. 
Wenholz, Walter W. 
Wenner, A. T. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wessling, Richard 
West, James D. 

West, Richard H. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westley, Richard O. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Weyforth, B. Stuart, Jr. 
Weymouth, Ralph E. 
Whall, Arthur L. 
Wheary, Warren 
Wheaton, David 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheeler, W. L. 
Whipple, Charles J., Jr. 
Whipple, Gaylord C. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whiston, Jerome P. 
White, Marshall 
White, Mrs. Nelson C. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Jack M., II 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. Lucille 
Wies, H. M. 
Wiggins, Kenneth M. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wiles, Mrs. Russell 
Wilhelm, Dr. Emanuel C. 
Wilhite, James A. 
Wilkes, Mrs. R. M. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Bennett 
Williams, Harry J. 
Williams, Robert J. 
Willis, Amos G. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Wilson, Allen 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, David M. 
Wilson, E. W. 
Wilson, Harold E. 
Wiltsee, Herbert 
Wiman, Mrs. 

Charles Deere 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick 0. 
Winkenweder, V. 0. 
Winkler, Edward 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 
Winston, Farwell 
Winter, Mrs. Gibson 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wirth, J. W. 
Wiseman, William P. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Witherell, James 
Witte, Lester 
Witter, William M. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. 

Wojteczko, Stanley 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wood, A. E. 
Wood, Alexander M. 
Wood, C. A. 
Wood, Harold F. 
Wood, Kenward T. 
Wood, Truman 
Wood, William A. 
Wood, Mrs. William J. 
Woodall, Lloyd 
Woods, Dr. A. W. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woollett, Mrs. Jean 
Woolpy, Max 
Workman, S. L. 

Worthington, La Grange 
Wreath, Robert L. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 
Wright, George L. 
Wright, Miss 
Margaret J. 
Wrightson, William F. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wronski, Casimir Pulaski 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wybel, L. E. 

Yager, Richard Sidney 
Yamada, Shigeo 
Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, John E. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yates, T. L. 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Yntema, Dr. Leonard F. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Young, C. S. 

Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, George B. 
Young, J. L. 
Young, Rollin R. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Yust, Walter 

Zadek, Milton 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zeisler, Dr. Ernest B. 
Zeitlin, Samuel E. 
Zelinsky, Mrs. S. F. 
Zeller, Charles B. 
Zeller, Joseph C. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Carl 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Otto H. 
Zimmermann, Frank O. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zimmermann, Russell A. 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W. R. 
Zoll, William F. 
Zwiener, Kenneth V. 

Archer, Ralph C. 

Barancik, Maurice A. 
Baroody, E. T. 
Brandt, Richard C. 
Burns, Peter T. 

Eck, Donald R. 
Edmonds, Robert K. 
Elkan, Leo H. 

Haake, Frederick J. 
Heerey, Bernard A. 


Humphreys, Mrs. 
Robert E. 

Johnson, Harry G. 

Keeton, Dr. Robert W. 

Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 

Mathewson, Lynn L. 

Nahmens, Paul M. 

Prindiville, James A. 

Pruitt, Raymond S. 

Robertson, Egbert 

SafRr, M. A. 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Shanner, Charles T. 

Thompson, Lang S. 
Tuteur, Charles 

Wolff, Frank C. 
Wolff, Oscar M. 


Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
oflfice of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, 0. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois, 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M, C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Ilunois ] 

> ss. 
Cook County } 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

>^ Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
thejarticles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, pajang into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capa- 
city shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural 
History Museum" fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants 
drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the absence or 
inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named. Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Execuitve Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-ofRcio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.