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Full text of "Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

VI B HAHY 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY 

OF ILLINOIS 

507 
F45 

\956-GI 



The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its return on or before the 
Latest Date stamped below. 

Theft, mutilation, and underlining of books 
are reasons for disciplinary action and may 
result in dismissal from the University. 

University of Illinois Library 



flay*- 

APR 2 6 






*>*v 



•IMS 
995 



L161— O-1096 



7 



ANNUAL 
REPORT 



1959 



Chicago Natural History Museum 

ICT 2 6 I960 

■tlTYIIFRIUUtt 




JOHN P. WILSON 
1877-1959 

Member of the Board of Trustees since 1932 
Member of the Executive Committee and Finance Committee 



Report of the Director 



to tht 



Board of Trustees 

for the year 1959 




CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 
1960 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM PRESS 



SOI 



Contents 



PAGE 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

Board of Trustees 1959 12 

List of Staff 1959 13 

Report of the Director 21 

Special Events 23 

Special Exhibits 25 

Staff Changes 26 

Volunteers 26 

Trustees and Officers 27 

Attendance 28 

Lecture Programs for Adults 28 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 29 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 33 

Members' Night 34 

Membership 34 

Expeditions and Field Trips in 1959 36 

Gifts to the Museum 37 

Department of Anthropology 41 

Department of Botany 53 

Department of Geology 59 

Department of Zoology 67 

Library of the Museum 79 

Co-operation with Other Institutions 82 

Scientific and Professional Societies 91 

Public Relations 95 

Motion Pictures 96 

Cafeteria and Lunchroom 98 

Photography and Illustration 98 

The Book Shop 99 

Publications and Printing 99 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 107 

Attendance and Door Receipts Ill 

Financial Statements 112 

Accessions 1959 118 

Members of the Museum 126 

Benefactors 126 

Honorary Members 126 

Patrons 126 

Corresponding Members 126 



Members of the Museum (continued) page 

Contributors 127 

Corporate Members 129 

Life Members 129 

Non-Resident Life Members 131 

Associate Members 132 

Non-Resident Associate Members 147 

Sustaining Members 147 

Annual Members 149 

Articles of Incorporation 172 

Amended By-Laws 174 



Illustrations 



PAGE 

John P. Wilson, 1877-1959 frontispiece 

North Entrance of Museum 9 

Floodlighting of Museum 20 

Mask 24 

Museum Explorers 30 

Members' Night 35 

Bronze Disc 38 

Pottery 40 

Hei Tiki 43 

Bowl 45 

Shadow-Theatre Figures 48 

Fuller Collection 50 

Botanical Field Trip 52 

Hall of North American Trees 55 

Dunkleosteus 58 

Fossil Shark 61 

Irish Giant Deer 63 

Zoology Field Trips 66 

Praying Mantid 71 

Fishes 73 

Pendant 78 

Fossil Fishes 84 

Special Days 89 

Darwin Exhibit 93 

Skulls 97 

War Shield 110 



NORTH ENTRANCE 

OF 

CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

(FORMERLY FIELD MUSEUM) 

ROOSEVELT ROAD AND LAKE SHORE DRIVE 



Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 



George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

BOARDMAN CONOVER,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 
1921-1931 

D.C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton,* 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 
Marshall Field III,* 1914-1956 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 
1918-1921 

Albert W. Harris,* 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 
Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 

* deceased 



Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Keeley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
George A. Richardson,* 1930-1957 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
John P. Wilson,* 1932-1959 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 



10 



Former Officers 



PRESIDENTS 



FIRST 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECOND 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



THIRD 
VICE-PRESIDENTS 



SECRETARIES 



TREASURERS 



DIRECTORS 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Marshall Field III* 1946-1956 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1953 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1954 

Hughston M. McBain 1955-1956 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris* 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1946-1953 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. N. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* deceased 



11 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 1959 



officers Stanley Field, President 

Hughston M. McBain, First Vice-President 
Walther Buchen, Second Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 
Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 
John R. Millar, Assistant Secretary 



board of 
trustees 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Chesser M. Campbell 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull Jr., 

John P. 



Henry P. Isham 
William V. Kahler 
Hughston M. McBain 
J. Roscoe Miller 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 
Wilson* 



committees Executive — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 

Field, Wm. McCormick Blair, Hughston M. McBain, 
John P. Wilson,* Henry P. Isham, Marshall Field, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, John P. Wilson,* Walter J. 
Cummings, Walther Buchen, Henry P. Isham, Wm. 
McCormick Blair, John G. Searle 

Building— Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — Wm. McCormick Blair, Clarence B. Randall, 
Marshall Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Hughston M. McBain, Sewell L. Avery, John G. 
Searle, John T. Pirie, Jr. 

* deceased 



12 



LIST OF STAFF 1959 



Clifford C. Gregg, Sc.D., LL.D., Director 

John R. Millar, Deputy Director 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Executive Assistant 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Donald Collier, Ph.D., Curator, South American Archaeology and Ethnology 

George I. Quimby, A.M., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

John B. Rinaldo, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Roland W. Force, Ph.D., Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Assistant Curator, Primitive Art 

Alfredo Evangelista, A.B., Thomas J. Dee Fellow, Anthropology* 

Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Allen S. Liss, A.B., Custodian of Collections 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

Walter Boyer, B.F.A., Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Virginia B. Stross, A.B., Departmental Secretary 



Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 

A. L. Kroeber, Ph.D., Research Associate, American Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl.Anth.Camb., Research Associate, Central American 
Archaeology 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Theodor Just, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

B. E. Dahlgren, D.M.D., Curator Emeritus 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 
John W. Thieret, Ph.D., Curator, Economic Botany 

C. Earle Smith, Jr., Ph.D., Associate Curator, Vascular Plants 
J. S. Daston, Sc.D., Assistant, Botany 

Robert J. Reich, Custodian, Herbarium 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

* resigned 

13 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY (continued) 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Dean Randall, Artist 

Edith M. Vincent, A.B., Research Librarian 

Dorothy Gibson, Departmental Secretary 



E. P. Killip, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Associate, Botany 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomy 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Sharat K. Roy, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Albert W. Forslev, M.S., Associate Curator, Mineralogy 

Bertram G. Woodland, B.Sc, Associate Curator, Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator, Fossil Mammals 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Ph.B., Curator, Fossil Plants 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Ronald J. Lambert, Preparator 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Evelyn Shahroch, Departmental Secretary 



Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.Sc, Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

14 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator, Mammals 

Karl Koopman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant, Reptiles 

Loren P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, B.A., Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S., Assistant, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Phyllis Wade, B.S., Assistant 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Dominick Villa, Tanner 

Mario Villa, Assistant Taxidermist 

Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Ruth Andris, Departmental Secretary 



Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insects 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, M.S., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

R. M. Strong, Ph.D., Research Associate, Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, M.S., Associate, Mammals 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Harry G. Nelson, B.Sc, Associate, Insects 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

Dioscoro S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 

15 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY (continued) 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 



DEPARTMENT OF THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 
Almon Cooley, Assistant Preparator 
Marvin Rabe, Assistant Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND FOUNDATION 
FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Dolla Cox, A.B. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. Ellen Miller 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Maryl Andre, B.S. 
Edith Fleming, M.A. 



THE LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

Administration 

Meta P. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

M. Eileen Rocourt, M.A., Associate Librarian 

Marian Christensen, A.A., Secretary 

Classification and Cataloguing 
William P. Fawcett, B.A.If 
Andre Nitecki, B.A.* 
Boris Ivanov, Dipl.Law 

Reference 
Eugenia Bernoff 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks 
George Stosius, M.E. 
Constantin Globa, Dipl.Eng. 

If on leave 
* resigned 

16 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS OF MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, B.A., Assistant 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, A.M., Miscellaneous Publications 



PUBLIC RELATIONS COUNSEL 

H. B. Harte 

Patricia McAfee Huffman, B.A., Associate* 

Marilyn Jindrich, B.S., Assistant 



DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS 

Gloria Pagano, in charge 
Mary H. Ryan, Assistant 



ADMINISTRATION AND RECORDS 

Susanmary Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 
Raymond A. N. Gomes, Assistant Recorder 
Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 
Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 



ACCOUNTING 

Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor 
Eleanor Sheffner, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Jane Comiskey, B.A., Manager 

Jessie Dudley, Assistant 

Marion A. Kratky, B.A., Secretary 



DIVISION OF ILLUSTRATION 

E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist 
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

* resigned 



17 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY 

John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES 
John Moyer, in charge 

DIVISION OF PRINTING 

Raymond H. Hallstein, Sr., in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 

DIVISION OF MAINTENANCE 

James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

Gustav A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 

DIVISION OF ENGINEERING 

William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 

THE GUARD 

Frank C. Jensik, Captain 



18 



BRILLIANT 

NEW 

FLOODLIGHTING 

OF 

WHITE-MARBLE 

MUSEUM BUILDING 



ON NEXT PAGE 




 I 



Annual Report 



of the Director 



To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operation of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1959. 

This was probably the year of greatest impact upon the people of 
Chicago by the Museum since its early beginnings. Chicagoans were 
made more aware of what the Museum is, what it does, and what it has 
to offer the public than ever before because there were more special 
events, more special exhibits, and more innovations than in previous 
years, and the people of Chicago responded to these attractions. 

The silhouette illumination of the exterior of this white-marble 
building every night since June 16 along with other public buildings 
in the Chicago park system has drawn particular and favorable atten- 
tion (see facing page and page 107). During the summer the Museum 
remained open to visitors a number of evenings beyond the normal 
hours, particularly on the evenings when public concerts were held in 
the Grant Park bandshell (see pages 25 and 98). Toward the end of 
the year, evening chamber-music concerts once a month were in- 
augurated in the Museum's James Simpson Theatre (see page 23). 

During the period of the Pan American Games and the Festival 
of the Americas, the Museum presented a special exhibit of American 
Indian art in which the entire western hemisphere from Alaska to 
Patagonia was represented (see page 25) . Although the basis of this 
exhibit consisted of specimens in the Museum's collection, pieces of 

21 



special interest from other institutions also were displayed. In No- 
vember and December the centennial of the publication of Charles 
Darwin's The Origin of Species was celebrated with a special exhibit 
of Darwiniana in Stanley Field Hall (see page 25). In addition, 
many new permanent exhibits were added in the Museum's four 
departments — Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology (see 
pages 51, 57, 65, and 76). 

The research collections of the Museum were also increased nota- 
bly by the acquisition of the Fred Button Collection of mollusks, the 
Dr. E. H. Taylor Collection of amphibians and reptiles, and a choice 
collection of marine shells from Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel. Generous 
and valuable gifts from many other friends of the Museum are listed 
at the end of this Report among the accessions that were received in 
our scientific departments (see also pages 47, 54, 64, and 72). Of 
unusual interest is a Maori tiki presented by Captain and Mrs. 
A. W. F. Fuller (see page 43). The Museum is deeply indebted to 
its friends whose generosity has added immeasurably to its collec- 
tions and to its funds. 

As usual, the Museum carried on its full program of scientific 
research and field work in various parts of the world. Expeditions 
worked in the Belgian Congo, Panama, Nepal, the Philippines, 
Malaya, Egypt, and Colombia and in the waters of the West Indies 
as well as in the United States and Canada (see page 36). It is 
significant that we now list most of these trips on our records as 
"field trips" rather than as "expeditions." "Expedition" carries 
with it the idea of long journeys and of finding a way over unknown 
terrain, a concept now almost obsolete. On our field trips now 
we can be rushed to the other side of the globe by airplane, we 
can plan our investigations with the aid of good maps, and often 
we can collaborate with resident naturalists. Though exploration 
in a geographical sense is a thing of the past, we are still exploring 
on the frontiers of knowledge, seeking new information about life 
and its manifestations. Our unique function as a museum dictates 
that much of our research must start with collecting specimens. 

Soundtrek, a system for radio-guided tours of exhibits, has been 
installed in six exhibition halls. Similar systems have been in use 
at the American Museum of Natural History (New York) and the 
National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.) long enough to establish 
the utility of the device as a means of making museum visits more 
instructive and interesting for the individual. After several months 
of trial and experimentation to overcome technical difficulties, an 
operational multichannel system was attained at the end of the year. 
Now it is possible for Museum visitors to rent a small portable radio 

22 



receiver and, while viewing the exhibits, hear an interesting and 
informative recorded commentary (lasting about thirty minutes) by 
the curator in charge of the particular hall. Shorter talks of about 
ten minutes, which may be selected instead by visitors who wish a 
quick survey, were prepared by members of the Raymond Founda- 
tion staff because they are best acquainted with the interests of the 
casual visitor. 

Eighteen or twenty halls will eventually have the Soundtrek in- 
stallation. The first to be equipped are the halls of American 
Mammals (16), Reptiles, Amphibians, and Insects (18), Habitat 
Groups of Birds (20), Prairie and Woodland Indians (5), Ancient 
Egypt (J), and Stone Age Man (C). The multichannel radio system 
provides a flexibility that will permit rapid change-over to foreign 
language and other special kinds of commentary on Museum exhibits 
when an occasion justifies it. 



SPECIAL EVENTS 

Favorable notice came from the opening ceremony of the Festival 
of the Americas, a gala dinner and reception at the Museum at which 
some four hundred civic, art, and business leaders of Chicago and the 
consular corps of Pan American countries and of nations in Europe, 
Asia, and Africa were guests of the Women's Committee of the Pan 
American Games. A message from President D wight D. Eisenhower 
was read by Mayor Richard J. Daley, who, with Mrs. Daley, headed 
the reception line in Stanley Field Hall to greet the many distin- 
guished visitors. Simultaneously with this event the Museum was 
host to its Members at a preview of the special exhibit "Indian Art 
of the Americas" (see pages 21, 25, 51, and 95). 

A highlight of the evening was a chamber-music concert by mem- 
bers of the Grant Park Symphony Orchestra presented in James 
Simpson Theatre through the generosity of Mrs. J. Dennis Freund, 
of the Women's Committee. This brought commendation from Chi- 
cago's music critics, who lauded the concert as the finest musical 
event of the Festival and were enthusiastic over the Theatre as "the 
city's finest auditorium for chamber music." The enthusiasm thus 
engendered led to another series of events: Mrs. Freund organized 
the Free Concerts Foundation, Inc., and formed the Festival String 
Quartet, headed by Sidney Harth, concertmaster of the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra, for a season of concerts that opened at the 
Museum on December 9 and will continue with a concert each 
month through April, 1960 (see page 21). 

23 




MASK 

NOOTKA 

VANCOUVER 

ISLAND 

HEIGHT 
32 INCHES 



DISPLAYED 

IN 

SPECIAL 

EXHIBIT 

INDIAN ART 

OF THE 

AMERICAS 



24 



SPECIAL EXHIBITS 

Of the nine special exhibits displayed during the year several were 
of unusual interest and beauty. One of these was the first public 
showing of objects from the famed Fuller Collection of ethnological 
material from the South Seas under the title "Panorama of the 
Pacific" (see page 51). The exhibit was planned especially for Mem- 
bers' Night, May 8 (see page 34), so that Members would be informed 
about one of the Museum's greatest acquisitions. After its initial 
display in Stanley Field Hall until the middle of July, the exhibit 
was moved to Hall 18 until the middle of October. 

Similarly the exhibit "Indian Art of the Americas," designed to 
celebrate the Festival of the Americas in connection with the Third 
Pan American Games, far surpassed in excellence and beauty what 
one would expect to find in a temporary display (see pages 21, 23, 
and 51). It brought together for the first time outstanding examples 
of the major Indian art styles of the past 2,500 years, and popular 
interest inspired its showing until October 28 (from July 30). 

"The Music Makers," an exhibit of exotic musical instruments 
prepared as an attraction for July and August (when the Museum 
was open on evenings of Grant Park concerts, see page 21), seems 
to have filled a long-felt and continuing need and so will be kept on 
view as long as suitable space remains to display it. "Peoples and 
Places in India," an exhibit of photographs and miniature sculp- 
tures collected by John Moyer while on leave from the Museum to 
serve as Consul of the United States at Calcutta, was placed on dis- 
play on October 1 to add interest to the fall illustrated-lecture series, 
especially the program on India that was presented by Mr. Moyer. 

The Museum observed the centennial of the publication of Charles 
Darwin's On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection by 
a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall explaining the meaning of 
natural selection and some of the evidence for it (see page 76). The 
concept of evolution is dominant in the thinking of present-day 
naturalists; hence the utility of the exhibit outlives the occasion that 
brought it to being. The exhibit is being continued through the early 
spring months of 1960 especially for use by the Raymond Founda- 
tion staff and those young people who are candidates for the Mu- 
seum Discoverers' Club (see page 31). An exhibit on the genetics of 
of the domestic fowl was lent by the De Kalb (Illinois) Agricultural 
Association and exhibited in Hall 18 during the Darwin exhibit. 

The annual exhibits of nature photography, of amateur hand- 
crafted gems and jewelry, and of drawings by students in the School 
of the Art Institute of Chicago added variety and interest. 

25 



STAFF OF THE MUSEUM 

At his own request Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
was made Curator Emeritus of Lower Invertebrates. Dr. Alan 
Solem, Assistant Curator of Lower Invertebrates, was advanced to 
Curator, and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Assistant Curator of Birds, was 
advanced to Associate Curator. 

Appointments during the year were: Miss Marian Christensen, 
Secretary, Library; Miss Marilyn Jindrich, Assistant, Public Rela- 
tions; Dr. Karl Koopman, Assistant Curator of Mammals; Dean 
Randall, Artist, Department of Botany; Robert J. Reich, Custodian 
of the Herbarium; Ernest J. Roscoe, Assistant, Division of Lower 
Invertebrates; and Dr. C. Earle Smith, Jr., Associate Curator of 
Vascular Plants. 

Resignations during the year were: Alfredo Evangelista, Thomas 
J. Dee Fellow in Anthropology; Mrs. Patricia McAfee Huffman, 
Associate, Public Relations; and Andre" Nitecki, Cataloguer in the 
Library. James Barry, veteran Sergeant of the Guard, retired after 
seventeen years of service. 

I record with deep regret the death on January 16 of Frederick 
Burr, Division of Printing; the death on April 12 of John Roberts, 
Division of Maintenance; and the death on December 16 of Miss 
Rose J. Watson, a pensioner. 



VOLUNTEER WORKERS 

The Museum thanks its volunteer workers for their help during the 
year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates and Asso- 
ciates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this Report. 
Other volunteers are: Miss Lynn Beach, Thomas Brodene, Miss 
Barbara Bruckner, Walther H. Buchen, C. Boyd Bumzahem, Teddy 
Czyzewicz, Miss Margot Donald, Michael Duever, Robert Elliott, 
Miss Patricia R. Falkenburg, John Gedgaudas, Mrs. Dorothy Gould, 
Mrs. Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Mrs. Esther Hermitte, Harold Hinds, 
John Kresinske, Mrs. Peggy Litten, Fred Matejcek, Michael Moore, 
Mrs. Glen Nellis, Thomas Olechowski, Thomas O'Neill, Philip Porzel, 
George Semmelman, Miss Margaret Shurrager, Douglas E. Tibbitts, 
John Veriga, and Mrs. Adele Woods. Boris Ivanov, of the Library 
staff, who has been working on a reduced-hour basis, became so 
deeply interested in the work he was doing that he also worked 
many extra days as a volunteer. Our volunteers assisted in various 
divisions of the Museum's scientific departments. 

26 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 

It will be no surprise to Members of the Museum that Stanley Field 
was elected at the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees to serve 
as President of the Museum for the fifty-first consecutive year. In 
recognition of his years of service to civic institutions of Chicago, 
particularly to this Museum, Northwestern University at its com- 
mencement ceremonies held on June 15 conferred the honorary de- 
gree of Doctor of Laws on Mr. Field. This well-merited honor for 
his service to the people of Chicago in directing an outstanding 
educational and research institution was widely acclaimed. 

All other officers of the Museum were also re-elected: Vice- 
Presidents Hughston M. McBain, Walther Buchen, and Joseph N. 
Field and Treasurer Solomon A. Smith, Secretary Clifford C. Gregg, 
and Assistant Secretary John R. Millar. 



Members of the Board of Trustees were saddened by the death 
on July 26 of John P. Wilson, a Trustee of the Museum since 1932. 
His fellow Trustees adopted the following resolution in his memory: 

John P. Wilson 
1877-1959 

"News of the death of John P. Wilson on July 26, 1959, was received 
with profound sorrow and a deep sense of personal loss by all mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum. 
Mr. Wilson joined the Board of Trustees in 1932 and was elected 
the next year to the Finance Committee and the Executive Com- 
mittee. His wise counsel, deep interest in the work of the Museum 
and in the welfare of its employees, and his sound business judg- 
ment aided materially in the progress of this institution. 

"Prominent in the affairs of the City of Chicago, he was senior 
partner of Wilson & Mcllvaine, attorneys, and served on the board 
of directors of many widely known corporations, including Marshall 
Field and Company, the International Harvester Company, the First 
National Bank of Chicago, the Harris Trust and Savings Bank of 
Chicago, the United States Trust Company of New York, and the 
General Electric Company. His unusual talents were made avail- 
able also to the board of trustees of the University of Chicago, the 
Newberry Library, and the Children's Memorial Hospital, of which 
he served many years as president. 

27 



"A graduate of Williams College, he served many years on that 
institution's board of trustees, his outstanding service being rewarded 
in 1953 by the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. 

"While we feel heavily the loss of his guidance and counsel, we 
feel even more deeply our personal loss of his friendship and his 
warm personality. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our high appreci- 
ation of his outstanding qualities and our sorrow at his death be 
permanently preserved in the records of the Board of Trustees of 
the Museum. 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to the members of his family and that a copy of this resolution be 
sent to his widow." 



ATTENDANCE 

Attendance increased in 1959 to 1,075,426, a gain of 26,025 over 1958. 
It is significant that the increase occurred in the latter part of the 
year, probably as a cumulative result of the Museum's many activi- 
ties (December alone showed an increase in attendance of 19,500 
persons). The increase was primarily on weekends, with the total of 
paid admissions declining slightly under that of the previous year. 
Increased parking facilities made it possible for visitors to attend the 
Museum despite inadequate public transportation. 



LECTURE PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS 

The 111th and 112th series of free Illustrated Lectures for adults 
were presented in James Simpson Theatre of the Museum on Sat- 
urday afternoons during March, April, October, and November. 
The wide variety of subject-matter ranged from India and the 
Philippines to Patagonia and Colorado. "Wildlife in Deep Freeze" 
was presented by Carl Eklund of the United States Fish and Wild- 
life Service, and Captain Finn Ronne's lecture "Probing Antarctica" 
revealed scientists in action during the International Geophysical 
Year. The Iron Curtain and the Bamboo Curtain have closed 
various sections of the earth, particularly Asia, to travel and photog- 
raphy, so that it becomes ever more difficult to present new and 
unusual variety in film lectures. The response of the public to the 
offerings of the Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation was most 
encouraging. Attendance at the seventeen lectures totaled 16,447. 

28 



JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND 
FOUNDATION FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND 
CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

The trend in recent years of greater use of museums by school groups 
has continued, and we offered our usual programs, tours, and motion 
pictures to meet this increasing demand for organized groups to visit 
museums as a part of schoolwork. More than 2,000 groups totaling 
about 78,000 children were given tours and programs, and almost 
300 groups (nearly 8,000 children) were on waiting lists. Many of 
these groups did not come to the Museum if there were no cancella- 
tions. The total number of organized groups in the Museum for the 
year was 4,485 groups including 206,583 students (many of these 
groups could not be assisted by Raymond Foundation and explored 
the Museum by themselves). 

Use of the Museum by school groups has spread farther and far- 
ther into the suburbs and nearby towns and states. For example, 
the total of Chicago public, parochial, and private schools served was 
742 groups with 26,261 students, the total of suburban public, pa- 
rochial, and private schools served was 1,237 groups with 46,863 
students, and the total out-of-state attendance was 133 groups with 
5,031 students. 

Of course the best educational program for a school group in the 
Museum is when one Raymond Foundation staff member can assist 
a group of not more than 35, but because of the great demand for 
services this best method often has had to be changed so that one 
staff member can direct and help a larger group of as many as 130. 
Programs therefore have been designed to help the student help him- 
self in his search for information in the Museum halls. Most out- 
standing in demand and success for this type of program were "Ancient 
Egypt, Our Inheritance from the Past" (given in spring and fall 46 
times to 4,247 students), "Bird Study" (given in the spring 46 times 
to 2,792 students), and "How Animals Adjust to Their Environment" 
(given 12 times in the fall to 791 students) . 

One of the greatest needs in this school-Museum program has been 
to get information and suggestions of programs to the schools and 
teachers to help them plan their Museum trips. Suggestions sent to 
all schools each September and February relate Museum programs 
and tours to courses of study at various grade-levels at the times 
needed. Often a program correlated with the course of study is of 
timely interest as well. An example in 1959 was "Moon and Mete- 
orites" for intermediate grades, which offered a movie "A Trip to 
the Moon" and a tour of our excellent meteorite exhibits. Almost 

29 




NINE MUSEUM EXPLORERS 
WERE PRESENTED WITH COPIES 
OF DARWIN'S 
"THE VOYAGE OF THE BEAGLE" 



THEY ARE GROUPED 
IN STANLEY FIELD HALL BEFORE 
THE SPECIAL CENTENNIAL EXHIBIT 
HONORING CHARLES DARWIN 



WITH THEM IS 

JOHN R. MILLAR, DEPUTY DIRECTOR 
OF THE MUSEUM, WHO MADE 
THE PRESENTATIONS 



1,600 students participated in this program, which was given 47 
times in March. 

Other organized groups participated in programs especially planned 
for their needs, such as Boy Scout Hobby Day in January, Girl Scout 
intermediate-badge programs in February, Honor Days on Saturday 
mornings for Girl Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, Cub Scouts, and YMCA 
groups, and a summer program "Goin' Fishin' " for organized groups 
of all kinds, such as day camps and play groups. 

For individual children the Museum continued its spring, fall, 
and summer motion-picture programs — 33 were given to 20,864 chil- 
dren. A new activity was added in the fall on Saturday-morning 
motion-picture days — an exploration sheet was given to each child 
to direct him or her to the Museum exhibits pertinent to the movie 
of the day. Raymond Foundation's looseleaf Museum Stories were 
distributed as usual to the children who attended the spring and fall 
motion-picture programs on Saturday mornings. 

Museum Journeys continued for individual children, with four 
different journey-subjects presented during the year: "Life of An- 
cient Seas," "Goin' Fishin'," "Giant Plants," and "Animals of the 
Ice Age." During the year 945 Journeys were completed and reports 
turned in. Awards were presented in spring and fall to boys and girls 
who had successfully completed Museum Journeys as follows: 38 
completed a first group of four Journeys and became Museum Trav- 
elers; 17 completed a second group of four Journeys and became 
Museum Adventurers; 9 completed a third group of four Journeys 
and became Musuem Explorers; 13 completed a fourth group of 
Journeys (this takes 4 years) and became eligible for the last special 
Journey, which is called "The Voyage of the Beagle" in honor of 
the Darwin Centennial (see page 22). This Journey takes the Mu- 
seum Explorers around the Museum to see the exhibits of some of 
the things that Charles Darwin saw on his famous trip on the Beagle. 
On November 21, nine Museum Explorers were presented with copies 
of Darwin's book The Voyage of the Beagle to prepare them for the 
Journey and were photographed in Stanley Field Hall in front of the 
special exhibit honoring Darwin (see facing page). 

The first four boys and girls who successfully completed this 
Journey were made charter members of the new Chicago Natural 
History Museum Discoverers' Club. Club members receive a mem- 
bership card signed by the Director of the Museum and, among 
other privileges, are entitled to a bound copy of each series of 
Museum Stories and a subscription to the Museum's Bulletin. 

A summary of activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, is presented on the following page. 

31 



RAYMOND FOUNDATION ATTENDANCE FOR 1959 
1. Work with Children in the Museum 

A. With school groups Groups Individuals Groups Individuals 

Chicago public 658 23,644 

Chicago parochial 44 1,710 

Chicago private 40 907 

Suburban public 1,192 45,203 

Suburban parochial 38 1,516 

Suburban private 7 144 

Out-of-state 133 5,031 

Total for school programs 2,112 77,831 

B. With other children's groups 

Tours only 59 4,016 

Special programs 44 6,435 

Journeys 945 

Children's movies 33 20,864 

Total for other children's programs 136 32,260 

TOTAL WORK WITH CHILDREN 2,248 110,415 



Work with Adults 
A. Tours only 

Colleges 

Public tours . . 

Miscellaneous. 
Total tours 



31 


656 


277 


3,659 


21 


455 


329 


4,770 



B. Special programs 

Colleges 12 467 

Miscellaneous 61 6,246 

Total special programs 73 6,713 

total work with adults 402 11,483 

Grand Total for Raymond Foundation Work 2,650 121,898 

32 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

The Museum's extension service whereby portable exhibits of nat- 
ural-history material are made available to the schools of Chicago 
continued in operation through the year. The service consists of 
delivery to each school of two portable exhibits followed by two re- 
placements on every tenth schoolday thereafter, so that in the course 
of a year each school receives 34 different exhibits. The increased 
emphasis today on science in the schools gives the exhibits greater 
significance than ever before. 

At the beginning of the j^ear 516 schools and other public-service 
institutions were receiving the exhibit-loans on schedule, and at the 
end of the year the lending list numbered 505. Four new schools were 
added during the year. Of the fifteen schools that were dropped, one 
was destroyed by fire, two were closed as fire hazards, nine were 
closed because of population shifts or for expressway land-clearance, 
one became inaccessible because of road reconstruction, and two 
asked to have the service discontinued because of disciplinary prob- 
lems within the schools. The two departmental trucks were on the 
road during 167 days of the year and traveled 11,191 miles. 

Breakage in circulation was moderate. Of 278 cases repaired in 
the shop, 22 had been broken in circulation and in only 6 of the 22 
was there damage to the installations. An exhibit (short-eared owl) 
was stolen from an elementary school. In summer, when all of the 
portable exhibits were in the Museum for cleaning and storage, the 
catalogue numbers on some 400 of them were relettered. One new 
exhibit (a native wild rose) was completed in October, for which 
Staff Artist E. John Pfiffner painted the habitat background. Five 
duplicates of the exhibit will be ready early in the new year when the 
background paintings for them are finished. Several short trips into 
the field were made in order to gather the plants, soils, and environ- 
mental material needed in the preparation of the exhibits. 

Requests for the loan of specific materials reached an all-time high. 
Sixty-one such requests were filled, an increase of 26 over last year, 
and Harris Extension signed out more than 600 birdskins and mounted 
birds, as well as other materials such as shells, rocks and fossils, in- 
sects, and mammal skins. Assembling these items was more time- 
consuming than in past years because 40 per cent of our floorspace 
had to be transferred to another department, and our study-collec- 
tions, from which loans are selected, are now stored on the ground 
floor where they are less readily accessible. Sixteen of the standard 
portable exhibits were sent out as special loans apart from the routine 
lending program that is the primary function of Harris Extension. 

33 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 

The annual Members' Night, which was held this year on Friday 
evening, May 8, turned out to be the Museum's most successful 
event, of the kind. Ideal weather permitted 1,620 visitors to attend, 
this being the record attendance to date. Special features of the 
occasion were the first public showing of the famous Fuller Collec- 
tion of ethnological objects under the title "Panorama of the Pacific" 
(see page 51), the newly reinstalled Hall of Meteorites and Minerals 
in the Department of Geology (see page 65), and the Hall of North 
American Trees in the Department of Botany (see page 57). Re- 
freshments served in Stanley Field Hall during the evening carried 
out the Polynesian theme of the "Panorama." As usual, a chartered 
bus operated between State Street and Jackson Boulevard and the 
Fourteenth Boulevard entrance of the Museum. Many Museum 
visitors came early enough to begin their evening with dinner in the 
Museum cafeteria. 



MEMBERSHIP 

New Members of the Museum in all catagories in 1959 totaled 
almost 1,500, more than doubling the figure for the previous year. 
Losses by death, transfers, moving from the Chicago area, and 
cancellations reduced the net gain to 833, which is substantially 
better than the net gain of 219 in 1958. The membership rolls of 
the Museum now carry the names of 6,555 different persons com- 
pared with 5,722 a year ago, in addition to a substantial number of 
Members who are listed in more than one category of membership. 
Names of Contributors elected during the year by the Board of 
Trustees are given on page 37. Complete membership lists begin 
on page 126. The fees of our Life and Associate Members build 
up the endownment funds of the Museum, and dues paid annually 
are included in our operating funds. The Museum is grateful to 
its Members for both their interest and their support. 

It is with deep regret that 1 record the death of Dr. B. P. Georges 
Hochreutiner, Honorary Director of the Musee, Conservatoire, et 
Jardin Bontaniques and Honorary Professor of the University, 
Geneva, who had been a Corresponding Member of this Museum 
since his election by the Board of Trustees in 1933. (See page 126 
for roster of Corresponding Members — scientists or patrons of science, 
residing in foreign countries, who have rendered eminent service to 
the Museum.) 

34 




ASSISTANT TAXIDERMIST ANDERSON 

EXPLAINS HIS WORK 

TO INTERESTED YOUNG GUESTS 



MEMBERS' NIGHT 
AT THE MUSEUM 



EXPEDITIONS AND FIELD TRIPS IN 1959 

The Museum conducted fifteen expeditions and field trips in 1959. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments (see page references below). 

Expeditions and field trips and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Great Lakes Area Archaeological 
Field Trips (George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, see page 44); Southwest Archaeological Expe- 
dition (Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, see 
page 41 and following) 

Department of Botany — Northern Great Plains Botanical Field Trip 
(Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, see page 54 
and illustration on page 52) 

Department of Geology — Idaho Paleontological Field Trip (Dr. 
Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, and Orville L. Gilpin, 
Chief Preparator of Fossils, see page 60); Indiana Paleontological 
Field Trips (Dr. Ranier Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, see 
page 59); Southwest Mineralogical Field Trip (Albert W. Forslev, 
Associate Curator of Mineralogy, see page 62); Wyoming Paleonto- 
logical Field Trip (William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil 
Mammals, see page 60) 

Department of Zoology — Belgian Congo Zoological Expedition 
(Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, see 
page 68) ; Colombia Zoological Expedition (Kjell von Sneidern, see page 
67); Co-operative Field Work with United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service in the West Indies (Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, see 
page 68) ; Egypt Zoological Field Trip (Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Asso- 
ciate Curator of Birds, (see page 68); Great Plains Zoological Field 
Trip (Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, see page 67); Great 
Smokies Zoological Field Trip (Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator Emeritus of 
Lower Invertebrates, see page 67); Malaya Zoological Field Trip 
(D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, see page 68); 
Panama Zoological Field Trip (Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator 
of Insects, and Dr. Alan Solem, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, 
see page 67 and illustrations on page 66) 

36 



GIFTS TO THE MUSEUM 

The Museum received from the estate of the late Homer E. Sargent 
200 shares of stock in the Kern County Land Co., to provide for the 
maintenance of the American Indian collections that he presented 
several years ago, and from the estate of the late Dr. Jesse R. Gerstley 
$4,890.48. Generous gifts were received from Mr. and Mrs. Herbert 
Baker, $2,000; Arnold H. Maremont, $2,500; Mr. and Mrs. Roy E. 
Sturtevant, $1,000; and DeWitt Van Evera, $3,300. The Johnson 
Foundation added $3,000 to the S. C. Johnson Fund for our con- 
tinuing study of waxy palms. 

Stanley Field, President of the Museum, gave an additional 
$39,832 for endowment and $2,168 for current operating expenses. 
Mrs. Stanley Field, a Benefactor of the Museum, added $15,000 to 
the Sara Carroll Field Fund; Sterling Morton added $10,000 to the 
Sterling Morton Endowment Fund; and Dr. Maurie L. Richardson 
added $1,750 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund. 

Additions to other Special Funds were in the following amounts: 
$962.50 from Miss Margaret Conover for the Conover Game-bird 
Fund; $750 from C. Suydam Cutting for the C. Suydam Cutting 
Fund; $200 from Dr. Clifford C. Gregg for the Commander Frank V. 
Gregg Memorial Fund; $14,118.26 from the estate of the late Mrs. 
Abby K. Babcock for the Frederick Reynolds and Abby Kettelle 
Babcock Fund; and $639.60 from the estate of the late Stewart J. 
Walpole for the Stewart J. Walpole Endowment Fund (for use of 
Special Funds in 1959 see page 116). 

Herman Waldeck gave $235 and Mr. and Mrs. Louis Ware gave 
$500 for budget purposes. Blair Coursen gave $200 to assist in 
ornithological research. Other gifts came from Hamilton Allport, 
Edwin C. Austin, George A. Bates, William U. Bardwell, John 
Borst, Jr., Peder A. Christensen, Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord Donnelley, 
Mrs. Jerome Fallon, Calvin E. Fentriss, Joseph N. Field, Flexible 
Steel Lacing Company, Brimson Grow, John Plain Foundation, 
MAPI Foundation, Mrs. Langdon Pearce, Philip S. Rinaldo, Jr., 
Melville N. and Mary F. Rothschild Fund, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben M. 
Schutz, and Edgar J. Uihlein, Jr. 

Contributors elected by the Board of Trustees are Mr. Herbert 
Baker, Mrs. Herbert Baker, Captain A. W. F. Fuller, Dr. Jesse R. 
Gerstley (posthumously), Arnold H. Maremont, George I. Qimby, 
and Dr. Alan Solem (for roster of Contributors see page 127). Gifts 
of materials received during the year are listed at the end of this 
Report (see page 118) and under the heading "Accessions" in the re- 
ports of the scientific departments (see pages 47, 54, 64, and 72). 

37 



Under the auspices of The Karl P. Schmidt Fund (see Annual 
Report 1958, page 30) three students were enabled to carry on studies 
at the Museum. These were Robert C. Feuer of the University of 
Michigan, who came to study turtles in the Museum collections, 
John Ostrom of Beloit College, who came to study certain dinosaurs 
in our collections, and Jose" M. Gallardo of Museo Nacional in 
Buenos Aires, who came to study South American amphibians in 
the Museum collections. 

This Fund, contributed by friends of the late Dr. Karl P. Schmidt 
of the Museum staff, is administered by the Museum except that 
grants-in-aid are awarded by a special committee that includes 
both Museum and non-Museum personnel and does not involve the 
Museum administration. An additional sum of $471.06 was turned 
over to the Museum in 1959 for investment. 



BRONZE 
DISC 



ARGENTINA 




38 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 



POTTERY EXCAVATED 

IN 1959 BY 

SOUTHWEST 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

EXPEDITION 



CANTEEN 

ABOUT A.D. 1300 

TULAROSA 

BLAOCON-WHITE 



DUCK-EFFIGY POT 

ABOUT A.D. 1100 

RESERVE 

BLACK-ON-WHITE 




Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

Archaeological work near Vernon, Arizona, was resumed for a fourth 
season by the Southwest Archaeological Expedition under the lead- 
ership of Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology (see 
page 36). He was assisted by Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant 
Curator of Archaeology, Custodian of Collections Allen S. Liss, 
Howard Anderson, Margaret Alder, Michael Fox, Martin Hoff- 
man, William Longacre, Mrs. Martha Perry, Mrs. Ruth Rinaldo, 
Roland Strassburger, and Mark Winter. 

The basic objective of anthropological and, therefore, archaeo- 
logical work is to explain the similarities and differences in culture 
patterns and the processes by which they evolved. When an an- 
thropologist finds similarities in patterns in widely separated cul- 
tures, he assumes that these may be the result of parallel invention 
or development, diffusion, or migration. On a smaller scale, the 
same problem of similarities (and differences) is met with in tracing 
the development of Mogollon culture and in following the move- 
ment of the Mogollon people from west-central New Mexico to 
east-central Arizona and perhaps into the area of the contemporary 
Zuni Indians. 

Excavations in 1959 were undertaken at two sites: (1) the Min- 
eral Creek site, on the ranch of Earl Thode, and (2) a large pueblo 
site, on the east bank of the Little Colorado River near Springer- 
ville (Arizona), on the ranch of Robert B. Hooper. 

The Mineral Creek site is a village of several surface rooms with 
masonry walls and a large depression. Six rooms were excavated. 
Masonry was inferior. One room included several related features: 
three storage bins, a firepit, and a ventilator. Most of the rooms 
had been provided with firepits and were therefore probably used 
as dwelling units. Just under the floor of one room a burial was 
found that yielded a duck-effigy pot and a necklace made of shell 
beads and many thousands of stone beads. A few hundred feet 
south of the pueblo was a large depression that, when excavated, 
proved to be a circular great kiva 9.3 meters in diameter with walls 
of native earth. Certain features of this structure appear to have 
been borrowed from the Chaco Canyon region to the north, although 
the hearth area, roof structure, and entrance may be Mogollon. 
Three burials were found within the great kiva: an adult (buried 
with a black-on-red pottery bowl and a plain red "seed jar"), an 

41 



adolescent, and a child. The tools of stone and bone show a con- 
tinuity of Mogollon tradition and technology. Snowflake black- 
on-white was more abundant than any other painted pottery. 

The conjectured date for this pueblo and great kiva is about 
a.d. 1100. The Museum expresses its thanks to Mr. Thode for per- 
mitting us to dig the site and to bring back the artifacts recovered. 

The major work of the expedition staff was the excavation of 
the large pueblo on the Hooper ranch. The Museum is grateful to 
Mr. and Mrs. Hooper for granting permission to dig, for help given 
the expedition, and for permission to ship all artifacts to the Museum 
for study. 

Two tiers of rooms were dug at right angles to one another. 
This was done in order to get a fair cross-section of the mound 
because it was impossible to excavate the whole edifice. Twenty- 
three rooms and two kivas were excavated. 

It is thought that the nucleus of the pueblo was a small one- 
story building of ten or fifteen rooms. Other rooms had been added 
later. At some time early in the life of the village many ground- 
floor doorways were sealed, and some time after that another archi- 
tectural change of major importance occurred. Ground-floor rooms 
were filled with dirt and rocks, roofs were removed, and then ap- 
proximately sixty new rooms were built on this fill with the new 
floors four or five feet above the ground-floor levels. The walls of 
the upper rooms do not coincide with the earlier lower walls but 
crisscross the old ones. Apparently the people who built the upper 
rooms desired a pueblo that was completely different from the 
earlier pueblo in arrangement. Few such ruins are found in the 
Southwest. 

Several hypotheses occurred to Chief Curator Martin and asso- 
ciates for this uncommon ground-plan. One is that, because of 
floods from the Colorado River, the inhabitants tried to keep out 
floodwaters by sealing doors. Perhaps this plan was only partially 
successful, and it was then necessary to raise the floor levels several 
feet to overcome this difficulty. But there seems to be no explana- 
tion for the crisscross wall-pattern. From the point of view of a 
modern engineer, it would have been simpler to have carried the 
walls straight up from bottom to top and to have kept the same 
general ground-plan and arrangement of parts. Since there is no 
temporal gap of any consequence (for example fifty years or more) 
nor any abrupt shift in popularity of pottery types, one cannot 
explain the new and different building as the caprice of newcomers. 
Nor can one very well postulate marauders as the cause for sealed 
doorways, raised floors, and crisscrossed walls. At the moment, 

42 



ANCIENT 
GREENSTONE 
"HEI TIKI" 

FROM 

THE MAORI 

OF 

NEW ZEALAND 



HEIGHT 
8.5 INCHES 



FULLER 
COLLECTION 




43 



then, we have no explanation. Square stone-lined firepits were 
found in almost every room. Petroglyphs of animals and men 
were pecked into the walls of some rooms. 

Three kivas were found: two were excavated, but the largest 
was left untouched. 

The smaller of the two excavated was paved with well-fitted 
slabs. In the mouth of the ventilator tunnel (at the edge of the 
bench) was a horseshoe-shaped slab. The ventilator shaft was 
small and placed, like a round chimney, between the faces of a 
wall. A bench occupied about a third of the kiva on the west side. 
This kiva was about 4 meters square. The larger kiva also had a 
bench, but on the south side. In the unpaved floor just south of 
center was a stone-lined rectangular firepit and an ash pit, north 
of that a stone vault, and just beyond that a kachina kihu in the 
north wall of the structure. On the southern platform was a large 
stone bowl. This kiva measured 6.5 meters by 4.4 meters. 

Approximately 14,000 sherds and 1,000 tools of stone and bone 
were recovered from the Hooper ranch site. From the 14,000 sherds 
twenty-five restorable vessels have been located and are being 
mended. The most abundant painted pottery type (about 14 per 
cent of the total) was Tularosa black-on-white. Following that 
type and in descending order of frequency are several polychrome 
types. The Hooper ranch site has not been definitely dated but the 
conjectured time of occupation of the pueblo must have been about 
a.d. 1300 to 1375. 

Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, carried on studies of materials collected in 1956 
during the archaeological expedition to Peru and supervised the 
drawing of maps and plans for a projected publication on this re- 
search. His work with Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in 
American Archaeology, on Nazca pottery from Peru was brought 
near completion. Curator Collier did research in Mexican archae- 
ology in connection with the reinstallation of Hall 8 (Ancient and 
Modern Indians of Mexico and Central America) and prepared a 
paper on agriculture and civilization in Peru for presentation at 
the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association 
(see page 91). 

George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, continued his research on problems of archaeology and 
environment in the Upper Great Lakes region. He made study 
trips to museums and universities in Michigan, examined collec- 
tions owned by individuals, and conducted field research in various 
areas of upper and lower Michigan (see page 36). 

44 




RESTORATION BY WALTER BOYER 
DRAWING BY GUSTAF DALSTROM 



PHOTOGRAPH 

AND DRAWING 

OF 

RARE POTTERY BOWL 

(RESTORED) 



MASKED FIGURES 
MAY REPRESENT 
KACHINAS 



DATED 
ABOUT 
A.D. 1325 



EXCAVATED 

BY 

SOUTHWEST 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

EXPEDITION 

1959 




45 



Through the kindness of Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Bissell, of 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, who provided transportation on their 
boat, Curator Quimby was able to visit an important site on an 
island off the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, where he made test 
excavations and obtained surface collections. He also made a pre- 
liminary archaeological survey of the north shore of Lake Michigan 
from Waugoshance Point to Mackinaw City and from St. Ignace 
to a few miles west of Manistique. Near Grand Marais, Michigan, 
Curator Quimby examined the locus of an Old Copper find partly 
covered by shifting sand-dunes in a fossil cedar-swamp high above 
Lake Superior. On Grand Traverse Bay at an Archaic site where 
surface collections were obtained he ran elevations and made test 
trenches in an attempt to determine the relationship of this site 
to the Nipissing stage of the Upper Great Lakes. The most re- 
warding part of his field work this year was the rediscovery of a 
protohistoric Woodland site in western Michigan. The Museum 
had acquired a large and comprehensive collection from this site, 
but it was without documentation and thus not scientifically use- 
ful. After six months of persistent inquiry that involved question- 
ing various people and studying old letters and newspaper files, 
Curator Quimby was able to learn the approximate location of this 
site, which had been excavated thirty-five years earlier. Then he 
searched the area until he found a locus containing some of the 
identical forms of artifacts that were in the Museum's collection, 
thereby obtaining the specific location of the site. The Museum's 
collection, thus documented, will provide the basis for a forthcom- 
ing study of Late Woodland Indians. 

During the year Curator Quimby completed a manuscript for a 
book on the archaelogy, ethnology, and geography of the Upper 
Great Lakes region from 11,000 B.C. to a.d. 1800, which will be 
published by the University of Chicago Press as a contribution of 
Chicago Natural History Museum. 

Dr. Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and 
Ethnology, carried on his research interests in Palauan social or- 
ganization and political change, completing one phase relating to 
figures of speech in kin-group terminology. 

Phillip H. Lewis, Assistant Curator of Primitive Art, continued 
research into variability of Melanesian and African art and into 
meaning of primitive art. Exhibition for the Division of Primitive 
Art was given great impetus by the decision to make Hall 2, which 
housed Roman and Etruscan antiquities, a hall of primitive art in 
which will be brought together outstanding art-objects from vari- 
ous primitive cultures of the world. 

46 



Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, emphasized two types of research during the year. One 
type, representing a broad interest, centered in the study of the 
origins and early history of the various east Asian civilizations 
from the time of the earliest archaeological evidences down to the 
beginning of the historic period. A second type, representing a 
more specialized interest, has been directed toward Chinese ink- 
rubbings, a subject whose study for many centuries has been pur- 
sued by Chinese scholars but which until very recently has been 
but little explored by western students. 

During the first part of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
joined efforts with Chief Curator Martin in preparing a report on 
the excavation of Table Rock site, a large Pueblo Indian village 
in eastern Arizona. Analysis indicates that, although numerous 
trade materials were obtained and used locally, the bulk of the arti- 
facts are Mogollon in character and represent a continuity extend- 
ing back in time for some 2,000 years. From June to September 
Dr. Rinaldo supervised excavations for the Southwest Archaeolog- 
ical Expedition (see page 41), and after his return he continued his 
analysis of materials that was initiated in the field. 



Accessions— Anthropology 

The most notable accession within the area of Oceanic collections 
was an extremely fine neck pendant (hei tiki) of greenstone from 
New Zealand. This exceptionally large Maori ornament, one of 
the finest specimens of its kind, was presented to the Museum by 
Captain and Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller of London, England. The 
Fuller tiki is now a part of the extensive Fuller Collection of archae- 
ological and ethnological materials from the Pacific acquired by 
the Museum in 1958 (see Annual Report 1958, page 21). Another 
outstanding addition to the Oceanic collections is an inlaid shield 
from the Solomon Islands. This exceedingly rare specimen (ac- 
quired by exchange with Raymond Wielgus) is one of three known 
shields of its type. The other two are in British museums. 

Of materials received in the Division of Asiatic Archaeology 
and Ethnology during the year, one of the most interesting is a 
set of beautifully colored Chinese shadow puppets. These figures, 
which date possibly from the 18th century, include several rare 
pieces, among which are a handsome red bat (symbol of happi- 
ness), several city gates, Chinese-style furniture, and a large horse 
drawing a covered cart. Besides these puppets, which were the 

47 




RARE AND VIVIDLY COLORED 

DONKEY-SKIN FIGURES 

FOR THE 

CHINESE SHADOW THEATRE 

(BAT IS ABOUT 12 INCHES ACROSS) 



POSSIBLY 
FROM THE 
18TH CENTURY 



gift of Miss Edna H. Bahr, we were pleased to receive a complete 
fine-quality costume of a Manchurian lady from Mrs. Joel Baker 
and a string of ancient and very rare stone and glass beads (found 
in a tomb in southwest China) from Dr. David C. Graham, a 
Museum Contributor. Other materials received by the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology are listed at the end of this Report. 



Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

The work of cleaning, checking, and moving the South American 
collection into Room 35 was completed by Custodian Liss under 
the direction of Curator Collier. Assisting in this project during 
the year were Miss Ann Levin (Museum Fellow), Alfredo Evange- 
lista (Thomas J. Dee Fellow), and Robert G. Axelrod (Antioch 
College student). Work was continued in checking and rearrang- 
ing the Mexican collection that is being moved into the same store- 
room. Expansion and reorganization of the study collection of 
textiles of the world was continued. Assistant Howard Anderson 
moved the Andaman and Nicobar Island collections from the Pa- 
cific Research Laboratory into the India-Southeast Asia storeroom 
as part of the program to consolidate geographic and cultural areas. 
Also placed in this storeroom was material from India, Ceylon, 
Andaman Islands, and Nicobar Islands removed from exhibition 
in Hall L. During the year portions of the study-storage mate- 
rials in the Pacific Research Laboratory were rearranged and inven- 
tories were made of all drawer contents. This task virtually com- 
pleted rearrangements that were begun in 1953. 

In the Division of Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology Curator 
Starr and Dr. Hoshien Tchen, Consultant, East Asian Collection, 
continued to process the Museum's excellent collection of Chinese 
ink-rubbings. Apart from the painstaking research involved in 
identifying and cataloguing these rubbings, research in which Dr. 
Tchen contributed largely, the work included repair of the fragile 
paper, some of which is several hundred years old. Miss Ellen N. 
Chase and Miss Susan Cook (Antioch College students) showed 
unusual sensitivity and skill in repairing and otherwise handling 
these rare and delicate materials. The work on rubbings, however, 
was not done at the expense of other materials in the collection, 
for with the excellent assistance of Miss Cook, the systematic or- 
ganization and housing of the large collection of Asiatic coins were 
completed. Robert Axelrod completed the reorganization of the 
Japanese and Korean sections of the storage rooms. 

49 




SELECTED OBJECTS 

FROM 

THE FULLER COLLECTION 

OF ETHNOLOGICAL MATERIAL 

FROM THE SOUTH SEAS 

"HEI TIKI" 
(SEE PAGE 43) 
IS DISPLAYED 
IN OWN CASE 



SPECIAL EXHIBIT 
IN STANLEY FIELD HALL 



50 



Exhibits— Anthropology 

Fifteen new exhibits were prepared for Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern 
Indians of Mexico and Central America) and two for Hall 7 (An- 
cient and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States). 
These exhibits were designed by Artist Gustaf Dalstrom and pre- 
pared by him and Preparator Walter C. Reese. The materials 
used in the exhibits were mended and restored by Ceramic Re- 
storer Walter Boyer. Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell completed the 
diorama showing an Aztec market scene. 

A major feature of Members' Night, May 8, was a special ex- 
hibit of selected portions of the Fuller Collection (see pages 25, 34, 
and 47). This temporary exhibit (on display through July 15 in 
Stanley Field Hall and through October 15 in Hall 18) was the first 
public showing of any extensive portion of the Fuller Collection. 

A special exhibit "Indian Art of the Americas" was displayed 
in Stanley Field Hall from July 30 through October 28 as the 
Museum's contribution to the Festival of the Americas, which was 
held in connection with the Pan American Games (see pages 23 
and 25). The exhibit, which presented major Indian art styles 
from Alaska to Chile during the past 2,500 years, included mate- 
rial selected from the Museum's collections and borrowed from 
eight other museums and from two individuals. Curator Collier, 
who selected the material and planned and installed the exhibit, 
prepared an illustrated catalogue of the exhibit (see page 100) . The 
installation was designed by Daniel Brenner, Chicago architect. 
Essential support for the exhibit was given by Arnold H. Mare- 
mont, chairman of the Festival of the Americas. 

In order to clear Hall 2 for the new Hall of Primitive Art (see 
page 46) it was necessary to move and retire the exhibits in Hall L 
and to move and revise the exhibits of Roman and Etruscan mate- 
rials formerly in Hall 2. Assistant Curator Lewis planned and 
supervised these moves and revisions, which were carried out by 
Custodian Liss, assisted by Miss Chase, Miss Levin, Preparator 
Reese, Artist Dalstrom, and Ceramic Restorer Boyer. However, 
the greatest amount of work fell to the Divisions of Maintenance 
and Engineering in moving, painting, and cleaning and in refur- 
bishing and relighting the older exhibits. 

Hall L was chosen to house the Roman-Etruscan exhibits be- 
cause of its proximity to the Egyptian exhibits in Hall J and the 
Kish materials in Hall K. A doorway was cut through the wall 
between Hall L and Hall J to permit visitors to move more freely 
among the exhibits of related ancient Mediterranean cultures. 

51 



GRAVEL-BAR VEGETATION 

KAKISA RIVER 
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES 
CANADA 



NORTHERN 
GREAT PLAINS 
BOTANICAL 
FIELD TRIP 




Department of Botany 



Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Margery C. Carlson, Associate in Botany, returned in Novem- 
ber from an extended trip in Europe and the Canary Islands. She 
visited the herbaria, botanical museums, and botanical gardens in 
the larger cities of Europe, where she studied collections of the 
genus Russelia (Scrophulariaceae) and prepared additions and 
revisions for her monograph on the genus that was published in 
1957 by the Museum. She completed her studies of the attach- 
ment and penetration of the coffee tree by certain parasites of 
the Loranthaceae. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, completed 
for the Flora of Peru a manuscript to equal approximately a hun- 
dred printed pages covering the palms found in Peru, and his 
manuscript on the families Haloragaceae through Convolvulaceae 
was published by the Museum (see page 100). Paul C. Hutchinson, 
of the Botanical Garden of the University of California, reported 
on the present status of his work on the family Cactaceae for the 
Flora of Peru and the drawings prepared under his supervision. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
completed his article on Dahlia for the Encyclopaedia Britannica 
(to be printed in the 1960 edition) and the text for Bidens (to be 
incorporated in a Flora of West Virginia) . Dr. Rogers McVaugh, 
Curator of Vascular Plants at the University of Michigan and Re- 
search Associate in the Museum's Division of Vascular Plants, 
continued work on his critical catalogue of the Sesse" and Mociiio 
collection of Mexican plants on loan from Madrid. 

Curator Emeritus Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, with the collaboration 
of Dr. Sidney F. Glassman of the University of Illinois (Navy Pier, 
Chicago), continued research on the wax-palm genus Copernicia 
and prepared the manuscript for a monograph on these plants. 
Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, continued his synop- 
tical studies of gymnosperms and comparative studies of modern 
and fossil angiosperm pollen, prepared several papers for publica- 
tion (see page 104), and completed his bibliography of paleobotany, 
which is to be published in 1960. 

Dr. C. Earle Smith, Jr., Associate Curator of Vascular Plants, 
completed his monographic study of Cedrela for publication by the 
Museum. He continued his preparation of a critical catalogue of 
the Muhlenberg Herbarium (property of the American Philosoph- 

53 



ical Society), which is on loan from the Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia. The loan of the Elliott Herbarium from Charles- 
ton Museum makes possible the crosschecking of type specimens 
in the two collections. With Curator Thieret he prepared two 
papers (one in press) on the occasion of the centenary of the death 
of Thomas Nuttall, early North American naturalist. 

Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his studies of various tropical American Scrophulariaceae and of 
temperate and subarctic Gramineae. He published a statistical 
enumeration of the Scrophulariaceae (see page 104) and prepared 
some entries of Scrophulariaceae for the international Index Nomi- 
num Genericorum (Utrecht). Accompanied by Robert J. Reich, 
Custodian of the Herbarium, he made a field trip to the District 
of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories, Canada, from June 1 to 
August 15 (see page 36). Most of the time was spent surveying 
the vegetation along the new Enterprise-Mackenzie River High- 
way located on the northern edge of the Alberta plateau southwest 
of Great Slave Lake. In addition, several days were spent at 
Lake-on-the-Mountain atop the Horn Plateau west of Great Slave 
Lake, an area previously unvisited by a botanist. 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian, prepared indices 
for various volumes of Museum botanical publications, checked all 
references for the Flora of Peru, and assisted many correspondents 
by finding and sending to them descriptions of and information 
about various plants. 



Accessions— Botany 

The largest gifts to the herbarium of vascular plants were 4,809 
plants of the United States collected by Holly Reed Bennett and 
1,101 plants of Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela collected by Asso- 
ciate Curator Smith. Professor P. Maheshwari of the University 
of Delhi (India) sent an unusual gift of two vials of flowering speci- 
mens of Lemna paucicostata and Wolffia microscopica. The largest 
collection of plants acquired through exchange included 433 speci- 
mens of vascular plants of the Northwest Territories from the 
Canada Department of Agriculture. An interesting collection of 
950 vascular plants of South Africa was purchased from H. J. 
Schlieben of the National Herbarium in Pretoria. The crypto- 
gamic herbarium received a very good collection of bryophytes of 
Peary Land as an exchange from the Botanical Museum of the 
University, Copenhagen. 

54 




HALL OF NORTH AMERICAN TREES 



REOPENED ON 
MEMBERS' NIGHT 



Care of the Collections— Botany 

Associate Curator Smith spent considerable time in reorganizing 
the herbarium of vascular plants. A large amount of previously- 
unidentified but mounted material has been filed with the proper 
families, unmounted specimens are being checked to find which 
specimens remain to be mounted for the herbarium, and duplicate 
specimens are being processed for distribution on an exchange basis. 
Under Dr. Smith's supervision, Frank J. Reid, student assistant, 
checked during the summer months all Pringle material in the her- 
barium so that duplicates in this collection could be removed and 
specimens missing in our collection added. Miss Phyllis I. Moreen, 
student assistant, cleaned and refiled the entire fruit collection. 
Gymnosperms are being segregated from angiosperms, and all Illi- 
nois specimens are being interfiled in the general collection. 

In April a new plastic mounting-technique was initiated, which 
insures a tighter bonding of the specimens to the mounting paper 
and should reduce the amount of repair needed through the years. 
With this technique, production of mounted specimens for individ- 
ual mounters more than doubled. A total of 23,481 plants was 
mounted and added to the herbarium of vascular plants. Mount- 
ing was done by Mrs. Ann Bigelow, Miss Olive Doig, and Miss Alice 
Middleton and, for part of the year, by Kent Cherry, Miss Kath- 
erine Sanford, and Miss Adrienne Watkins (student assistants) and 
by Miss Mary E. Adams and Miss Susanne G. Fried (Antioch Col- 
lege students). Additional aid in plant mounting was given by 
Girl Scouts as their Museum Aid Project, one group from Du Page 
County (Mrs. E. C. Gollan, Leader, Downers Grove) completing 
their project that was begun in 1958 and another group from south 
Cook County (Mrs. F. J. Vodvarka, Leader, Homewood) com- 
pleting their project in March. 

Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx and Custodian Reich, assisted during 
part of the year by Miss Fried, filed, checked, and repaired speci- 
mens. Nils Siegbahn packed materials for shipment, and Robert 
Yule prepared seed packets and specimen papers. A total of 1,417 
vascular plants was sent out in exchange. 

Miss Middleton repaired 1,530 specimens of cryptogams for the 
general collection, and Mrs. Effie M. Schugman filed specimens. 
A total of 46 wood specimens was sent out in exchange. Curator 
Thieret was assisted in the care of the wood, seed, and economic 
collections for part of the year by Mrs. Bigelow and Richard H. 
Wood, Jr. (Antioch College student). Work on restoration of the 
type-photograph collection was almost completed by Assistant J. S. 

56 



Daston before his five-month leave of absence, only 80 stained 
negatives remaining to be processed. 

Mrs. Lenore B. Warner continued to catalogue and file nega- 
tives and prints of the type-photograph collection of flowering 
plants. She checked all work processed by Assistant Daston, han- 
dled orders and exchanges, continued the preparation of a generic 
index for the Macbride photograph collection, indexed and pre- 
pared herbarium sheets to be photographed for the general collec- 
tion, prepared a numerical index for all Liebmann plates (also 
indexed in the collection of Mexican plants), and sent out a total 
of 1,197 type photographs in exchange. Reorganization of the 
photograph collection of plant models, exhibits, plant products, 
habitats, etc., was begun by Mrs. Dorothy Gibson, Departmental 
Secretary, who was assisted in this project during part of the year 
by Miss Adams and Miss Moreen. 



Exhibits— Botany 

The Hall of North American Trees (Hall 26, Charles F. Millspaugh 
Hall) was reopened on Members' Night, May 8 (see page 34), when 
about 60 per cent of the reorganization of the hall had been com- 
pleted. Before the end of the year 84 exhibits of North American 
trees (including 26 wood exhibits) were reconditioned and nearly 
all of them had been reinstalled. Chief Curator Just and Curator 
Thieret prepared 84 new labels for these exhibits and Curator of 
Exhibits Emil Sella recolored 36 transparencies of forest types. 
Five new exhibits were installed in Hall 26: "Trees of the Past," 
"Dutch Elm Disease," "How a Tree Lives," and "Forests of the 
United States" were placed in four central wallcases and a Car- 
boniferous stump of Stigmaria (gift of the American Museum of 
Natural History) was mounted in the center of the hall with illu- 
mination from the ceiling. For Members' Night Associate Curator 
Smith prepared for the Department of Botany a display "America's 
Oldest Herbarium," which featured several plant specimens of espe- 
cial interest from the herbarium of Rev. G. H. E. Muhlenberg, 
including a Linnean isotype collected near Uppsala, Sweden, by 
the originator of modern classification. Most of the work on the 
various exhibits was done by Curator Sella, Artist-Preparator Sam- 
uel H. Grove, Jr., Technician Frank Boryca, and Preparator Walter 
Huebner. Parts of the special exhibit of Darwiniana in Stanley 
Field Hall during November and December (see pages 25 and 76) 
were prepared by Artist Grove and Artist Dean Randall. 

57 



DUNKLEOSTEUS 

(A SECTION OF THE EXHIBIT) 



FIRST IN A SERIES 
OF NEW EXHIBITS 
ON FOSSIL FISHES 
IN HALL 38 



OF THE DEVONIAN PERIOD 




Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

Pursuing their investigation of the occurrence of fossil vertebrates 
and invertebrates in a Pennsylvanian black shale in Parke County, 
Indiana (see Annual Report ^1958, page 59), Dr. Rainer Zangerl, 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., 
Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, spent two weeks in the field during 
the summer (see page 36). Later, in November, they returned to 
that area and conducted a two-day field conference with members 
of the Indiana Geological Survey. Both trips led to clarification 
of points in the stratigraphy of the area. 

In the laboratory they continued their work on the fossils col- 
lected in the course of this project. They made preliminary notes 
on all of the many thousands of fossils from the two principal 
Mecca project localities (Mecca quarry and Logan quarry). This 
included making and studying 313 X-ray photographs of speci- 
mens in the black shale. With an electronic printer purchased this 
year from a National Science Foundation grant, prints were made 
of about one-third of the mass of X-ray films of the collection 
acquired during the year and previous years. These prints are supe- 
rior to the original films for the purpose of comparative study. 
Optical analysis of the Mecca shale itself was also made, and a 
large number of microscopic sections of the shale from the Mecca 
and Logan quarries was ground and a qualitative and quantitative 
record of the composition was made. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, subjected the col- 
lections under his care to a complete overhauling to make them 
more accessible in the two storerooms. The collections consist of 
three extensive and representative assemblages of fossil plants: 
one from the Pennsylvanian of Will County, Illinois, and the other 
two from the Lower Eocene and Upper Cretaceous of the southern 
states. Many species are involved, some known, others new or 
informative. Preliminary studies have been made of these new 
species and some have been described and illustrated. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, completed his 
study of Lower Devonian fishes from northwestern Ohio, a collec- 
tion that was presented to the Museum in 1956 by Dr. J. Ernest 
Carman of Ohio State University. He has commenced a revision- 
ary study of the Cyathaspidae, a primitive group of Silurian and 
Devonian jawless vertebrates. This will be based on collections 

59 



made during several field trips in the United States and Canada, 
as well as on an extensive series of casts of European specimens. 

During July and August, Curator Denison, accompanied by 
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils, prospected in the 
Rocky Mountains from Alberta and British Columbia south through 
Montana and Idaho to Utah and Wyoming (see page 36). The 
northern part of the trip was largely reconnaissance with the purpose 
of determining whether the Devonian formations showed promise 
of yielding any good fossil-fish assemblages. In Idaho, the Devon- 
ian Water Canyon formation was traced northwards from the out- 
crops in Utah that were worked in 1949 and 1950. Important 
additions to the fauna were made, including the first articulated 
fishes that have come from this formation. The last few days of 
the trip were spent at a new Devonian locality in the Bighorn 
Mountains of Wyoming. The abundant and well-preserved mate- 
rial obtained has prompted plans for future work here. 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, 
studied the collections of Washakie formation mammals from 
Wyoming and spent ten days in the Carnegie Museum at Pitts- 
burgh in this connection. He continued his work on the mam- 
malian masticatory apparatus of the insectivore Echinosorex, and 
with Dr. Charles A. Reed (University of Illinois) he studied two 
new specimens of the early Oligocene insectivore Arctoryctes. Of 
the numerous rodent specimens of the Washakie fauna that have re- 
ceived special attention, a highly specialized small jumping rodent 
Protoptychus appears to have had a dominant role. In the lab- 
oratory, assisted by Burton Adlerblum, a graduate student from 
the University of Chicago, he sorted out a goodly number of the 
fossil mammal-teeth from the concentrates taken from ant hills in 
the lower Washakie beds. He returned with Preparator Ronald J. 
Lambert to the Washakie basin for six weeks of collecting in the 
Eocene beds in June and July (see page 36). Noteworthy finds 
were an articulated skeleton of the little rodent Protoptychus and 
a uintathere skull. 

Albert W. Forslev, Associate Curator of Mineralogy, pursued 
his study of the mineralogical and chemical composition of sedi- 
ments and sedimentary rocks. Much of his time was devoted to 
the investigation of the minerals making up the clay-sized fraction 
of these materials. These "clay minerals" occur as crystals less 
than one ten-thousandth of an inch in diameter and X-ray diffrac- 
tion techniques are necessary for their identification. Among the 
materials investigated were black shales from the Mecca quarry, 
lake and swamp clays, and soils. He co-operated with Chief Cura- 

60 




CURATOR ZANGERL 

WORKS ON A 

SIX.FOOT FOSSIL SHARK 

FROM LOGAN QUARRY 

IN WEST-CENTRAL INDIANA 



tor Roy in some X-ray diffraction work on a new phosphate mineral 
in the Springwater meteorite. The X-ray diffraction equipment in 
the Chalmers Mineralogical Laboratory was used On several occa- 
sions during the year to analyze and identify materials of the 
Museum's Department of Anthropology, particularly for some 
work on potsherds with Howard Anderson. 

In September Associate Curator Forslev went on a mineral- 
collecting trip to various mining areas of the southwestern United 
States, among which were the Bisbee, Arizona, copper deposits, the 
borax deposits at Boron, California, and Death Valley, and the re- 
cently discovered rare-earth deposits at Mountain Pass, California 
(see page 36) . Excellent specimens for exhibition and material for 
research were collected. One hundred and fifty insect-bearing con- 
cretions of Miocene age, which were collected in the Mohave Des- 
ert, were turned over to the Division of Paleontology. 

Bertram G. Woodland, Associate Curator of Petrology, made 
complete analyses of the major constituents of two volcanic ashes, 
one from Volcano Concepcion in Nicaragua and the other from 
Volcano San Salvador. In collaboration with the Museum's De- 
partment of Anthropology he made petrographic analysis of more 
than a hundred thin-sections of potsherds collected during the 
Museum's southwest archaeological expedition of 1958 and from 
other areas, aided in identification of the material used in making 
various artifacts, and investigated the nature of the continued 
corrosion of metallic objects in the collections, making suggestions 
for the treatment most likely to arrest the corrosion. In the field 
of research, Woodland continued his petrographic work on a col- 
lection of igneous and metamorphic rock from northeast Vermont 
and collaborated with Chief Curator Roy on the microscopic exam- 
ination of the silicate portion of the pallasite meteorite, Springwater. 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, devoted the 
greater part of the year to duties connected with completing the 
installation of twelve meteorite exhibits. On completion of the 
exhibits, he made detailed petrographic examination of a new min- 
eral in the pallasite Springwater meteorite. The mineral, a magne- 
sium phosphate, which has not been previously reported from 
natural sources, partially replaces and interdigitates with the iron 
surrounding the olivine nodules. The mineral will be named Far- 
ringtonite in honor of the former Curator of Geology, the late Dr. 
Oliver Cummings Farrington, who devoted most of his academic 
life to the study of meteorites. Chief Curator Roy also revised 
and completed a paper on the Walters meteorite, a chondritic stone 
that was found at Walters, Cotton County, Oklahoma. 

62 




HALL 38 



REMOUNTED 
IRISH GIANT DEER 



Accessions— Geology 

Notable additions to the collection of fossil invertebrates include a 
splendid Pennsylvanian (Coal Age) insect from Nova Scotia, the 
gift of Dr. James E. Canright. Dr. Willard P. Leutze donated 22 
fossil eurypterids, including several specimens of very rare species, 
all collected by him in the Silurian of West Virginia. Among the 
specimens collected during the summer by Curator Denison and 
Chief Preparator Gilpin are 113 trilobites, 15 crustaceans, and 7 
other fossil invertebrates from the Middle Cambrian Stephen for- 
mation, exposed high on the flank of Mount Stephen in British 
Columbia. These well-preserved specimens are from a spot very 
close to C. D. Walcott's famous Burgess Pass locality and repre- 
sent essentially a lateral development of the fauna restored in the 
Museum's Cambrian habitat group (Hall 37). 

Sixty-five specimens of Eocene fishes from Monte Bolca, Italy, 
were received as the first part of an exchange from the Museo 
Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan (the Monte Bolca locality is 
famous for the large variety and excellent preservation of its ma- 
rine fishes, many of which are closely related to living forms). A 
small collection of Asiatic fossil mammals, which was purchased 
from Robert Somerville, was added to the collection of fossil mam- 
mals. Two gifts of selected fossil plants collected in the Eocene 
of Wyoming and Tennessee by the Robert H. Whitfield family 
considerably enriched the fossil-plant collections. Dr. Edward P. 
Henderson presented a polished slice of Bonita Spring meteorite, 
a fall not represented in the Museum's meteorite collection. 



Care of the Collections— Geology 

The purchase of 44 new steel storagecases has relieved overcrowd- 
ing in the collections of fossil invertebrates and plants. Specimens 
temporarily stored in boxes have now been added systematically 
to the study collection, where they are readily available for refer- 
ence. At the same time, the collection of fossil fishes has been 
moved to new quarters, where the specimens are much more acces- 
sible. David Techter, Assistant in the Division of Fossil Verte- 
brates, spent considerable time in reorganizing the collections. 

In the Division of Mineralogy and Petrology work continued 
on the identification, cataloguing, and labeling of the several thou- 
sand mineral specimens obtained in the Nelson Collection (see 
Annual Report 1958, page 63). A complete card index of the 

64 



minerals not represented in the Museum's collections was made to 
provide a quick checklist for obtaining specimens as they become 
available. Likewise, the lithology collection was completely re- 
arranged and a complete card index of the specimens was assem- 
bled systematically according to type of rock. Much of this work, 
particularly the task of storage and rearrangement of the mineral, 
economic geology, and lithology collections was done with the aid 
of Miss Judith L. Lipkowitz, Miss Gretchen S. Quigg, and Miss 
Miss Judith V. Young, Antioch College students. 

The entire meteorite collection was rechecked as to classifica- 
tion, alphabetical order, weight, and number of individuals repre- 
senting each fall. Also all oxidized iron specimens were re-etched 
and treated with a rust-resisting reagent. 



Exhibits— Geology 

The first of a series of new exhibits of fossil fishes was installed in 
Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). The new exhibit deals with an 
extinct Devonian group of armored fishes (placoderms) and fea- 
tures a mount of one of its largest members, Dunkleosteus. In the 
same hall two fossil mammal-skeletons (the remounted Irish giant 
deer and the restored great ground sloth) were reinstalled. Both 
skeletons are protected by new bases with glass panels. The fine 
work of remounting, restoration, and reinstallation was done by 
Chief Preparator Gilpin and Preparator Lambert. 

In the new Hall of Meteorites and Minerals (Hall 35) twelve 
new exhibits devoted to meteorites were completed during the year. 
An attempt has been made to present the subject-matter simply, 
with special emphasis on the origin, phenomena of fall, form, classi- 
fication, structure, composition, and distribution of meteorites. 
Tektites and the relationship of meteorites to terrestrial rocks are 
also shown. An outstanding exhibit in the hall is an oil painting 
of the Arizona meteor crater, which is shown with specimens that 
were collected in and around the crater. The painting and other 
illustrative materials in the hall are the competent work of Miss 
Maidi Wiebe, Departmental Artist, as is the illustrative and recon- 
structive work in the fossil-fish exhibit in Hall 38. Five exhibits 
in the Hall of Physical Geology (Hall 34) were dismanteled, reno- 
vated, and reinstalled, work made necessary by the discoloration 
of the backgrounds. The exhibition program was ably carried on 
by Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, Henry Horback, 
Assistant, and Henry U. Taylor, Preparator. 

65 



GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF 
OUR FIELD WORK AND 
VARIED CONDITIONS UNDER 
WHICH IT IS DONE 



HUMID FOREST 
OF PANAMA 
IN WHICH SOLEM 
AND DYBAS WORKED 



*€.* 



EGYPTIANS GET SPECIMENS 
OF BARN OWL FROM NEST IN 
WELL IN ARID EGYPT ON 
TRAYLOR FIELD TRIP 






t> ■■>? 




Department of Zoology 



Research and Expeditions 

Each of our zoologists was in the field in some part of the world for 
new material and experience to further his studies or had a collector 
afield getting specialized material for him. This work was carried 
on in the United States, Canada, Panama, the western Atlantic off 
the West Indies, Colombia, Egypt, Belgian Congo, Nepal, Malaya, 
and the Philippine Islands. All but the Colombia work was by 
staff personnel. 

Panama. Curator Alan Solem and Associate Curator Henry S. 
Dybas spent three months (January through March) in Panama 
and the Canal Zone studying the fauna of the forest floor (see 
page 36). Nearly a month was spent in the nature preserve on 
Barro Colorado Island in the canal, then a month in the lowland 
forest of the Pacific coast, and finally a month in the mountain 
forest of the Chiriqui highlands near the Costa Rica border. 
Curator Solem obtained thousands of mollusks together with an 
extensive series of photographs of organisms in their native habitat. 
Associate Curator Dybas investigated the minute feather-wing 
beetles (Ptiliidae) and the ant-guest beetles of the family Limu- 
lodidae, whose taxonomy and biology are his special interest. To 
facilitate study a battery of sixteen portable insect-funnels (berlese- 
type), made especially for the trip, was used to sieve out minute 
insects and other animals from the forest floor. Incomplete sort- 
ing of the collection indicates an extensive fauna of minute insects 
that is still almost completely unknown. 

Colombia. Kjell von Sneidern (now of Cali, Colombia) col- 
lected birds and mammals in the northeastern part of Colombia 
in the Arauca area where no previous systematic collecting had 
been done (see page 36). Although the collections were made 
early in the year we have not yet received the material. 

United States and Canada. Curator Rupert L. Wenzel, 
accompanied by his son, spent six weeks (June and July) along 
the eastern, northern, and western edges of the Great Plains from 
southern Canada to Colorado (see page 36) . First-hand knowledge 
of local conditions and their effects on insect distribution is essen- 
tial in interpreting problems in his current studies of histerid beetles. 
Curator Emeritus Fritz Haas made his headquarters at Highlands 
(North Carolina) Biological Station while he was studying the 
mollusks of the Great Smoky Mountains (see page 36). 

67 



Western Atlantic Ocean. Curator Loren P. Woods again 
participated in co-operative field work with the United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service on the research vessel Oregon (September 
through October), as he did in 1958 and 1957 (see page 36). This 
year the Oregon trawled in the waters of the West Indies, especially 
off Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, to explore for commercial 
shrimps. However the fish brought up in the trawls from depths 
ranging from 17 to 380 fathoms were rich in new species. 

Egypt. Research Associate Harry Hoogstraal, still stationed 
in Egypt, continued to send us specimens of many kinds of animals. 
Associate Curator Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., joined him for six weeks 
(April and May) as the guest of United States Naval Medical Re- 
search Unit No. 3 in order to study the resident and migratory 
birds that are hosts to arthropod-borne diseases and as such are 
of particular importance to Hoogstraal's studies (see page 36). 

Belgian Congo. Curator Robert F. Inger made a trip (Feb- 
ruary through May) to Garamba National Park in the savanna 
country of extreme northeastern Belgian Congo to study the ecol- 
ogy and behavior of the frogs and toads there (see page 36) . This 
was part of a larger project that included reporting on a large col- 
lection of these animals at the request of the Institut des Pares 
Nationaux du Congo Beige. 

Nepal. Field Associate Robert L. Fleming's activities in- 
cluded a trip from his mission headquarters at Kathmandu to 
far western Nepal to study the distribution of birds there. 

Malaya. After Curator D. D wight Davis participated in the 
Darwin- Wallace Centenary Science Congress at the University of 
Malaya, Singapore, in December, 1958 (see Annual Report 1958, 
page 85), he and Dr. John R. Hendrickson of the University of 
Malaya spent January and part of February studying and col- 
lecting in the rain forests of Malaya (see page 36). They visited 
various points from King George V National Park in the north 
to the vicinity of Singapore Island. 

Philippine Islands. After a year of study in the United 
States (1958) Associate D. S. Rabor was back in the Philippines 
and made a trip (March through April) into far northern Luzon 
where he collected birds. 

Division of Mammals. Completion of the first draft of the 
checklist of South American mammals by Curator Philip Hersh- 
kovitz (aided by a grant from the National Science Foundation) 
marks the end of one phase of this comprehensive survey. Results 
of further revisions of classifications, relationships, and distribution, 
which have resulted in short papers on some rodents, deer, carni- 

68 



vores, and monkeys, will be included in the final checklist of mam- 
mals. Bats collected by Research Associate Hoogstraal in Africa 
form the nucleus of the report on which recently appointed Assistant 
Curator Karl Koopman is currently engaged. 

Division of Birds. Reports on recent collections from Peru 
and from Colombia, which occupied Curator Emmet R. Blake, 
have already resulted in the publication of the descriptions of 
several new forms and a faunal paper on the birds of Cerro Maca- 
rena, Eastern Colombia (see page 105). In collaboration with 
Gunnar Hoy of Argentina he prepared a paper on the birds of 
northern Argentina. Associate Curator Traylor continued work 
on his checklist of Angola birds and on the Egyptian birds that 
are hosts to arthropod-borne diseases. Associate Ellen T. Smith 
completed a revision of a South American parrot. Chief Curator 
Austin L. Rand investigated some correlations in wing size and 
body weight of birds, nest structure and ornamentation in nut- 
hatches, and late records of a supposedly extinct Philippine hang- 
ing parrot. In the course of studies on recent Philippine collections 
from Associate Rabor a new species of babbler in northern Luzon 
was discovered. Chief Curator Rand has co-authored a book-length 
manuscript on our midwestern seasons that has been accepted by 
a New York publisher. 

Division of Amphibians and Reptiles. Curator Inger (assisted 
by a grant from the National Science Foundation) is continuing a 
study of the reptiles and amphibians of Borneo. With Assistant 
Hymen Marx he is studying the food habits of amphibians of the 
Belgian Congo and has completed a revision of a genus of snakes. 

Division of Fishes. Taxonomic studies of the marine fishes 
of the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean 
occupied Curator Woods, who published a short paper describing 
a new species (see page 106). Associate Marion Grey carried on 
her survey of the fish fauna found below a depth of 900 meters, 
completed the final report on the Family Gonostomatidae for 
Fishes of the Western North Atlantic (a series of volumes published 
by Sears Foundation), and published several short papers including 
descriptions of three new genera (see page 105). 

Division of Insects. Curator Wenzel's monograph on the 
genus Margarinotus (histerid beetles) has been delayed while await- 
ing receipt of critical material from Europe. However he has been 
studying an exceptional collection of histerid beetles that live with 
army ants. In this remarkable collection, which was made in Pan- 
ama by Carl Rettenmeyer (University of Kansas) in connection 
with studies on the biology of army ants, are a half dozen new 

69 



genera and about twenty new species. Curator Wenzel has also 
prepared several short papers on histerid beetles from the Masca- 
rene Islands and commenced a study of the bat flies (family Streb- 
lidae) of Panama in collaboration with Captain Vernon J. Tipton. 

Associate Curator Dybas has made good progress on his re- 
vision of the Limulodidae, a family of minute beetles that live 
mostly with army ants in the American tropics. His two papers 
on the population ecology of periodical cicadas, based on data 
gathered in 1956, are being readied for publication (Curator Davis 
is co-author of one and Dr. Monte Lloyd, currently at Oxford 
University, is co-author of the other). He completed a paper de- 
scribing a new genus of blind ptiliid beetle from a bat cave in 
South Africa. Research Associate Charles H. Seevers continued 
work on his monograph on the rove beetles that live with army 
and driver ants. Associate Harry G. Nelson studied the classifi- 
cation of dryopoid water beetles of the genus Elsianus. Associate 
Lillian A. Ross continued her study of spiders. 

Division of Lower Invertebrates. Curator Emeritus Haas 
published several short papers on various phases of mollusks this 
year and studied, with Curator Solem, a collection from British 
Honduras. Curator Solem saw publication by the Museum of his 
monograph on New Hebridean nonmarine mollusks with essay on 
zoogeography of these land and fresh-water snails. Additional pub- 
lications dealt with New Hebridean marine mollusks and Mexican 
and Pacific inland landsnails (see page 106) . New research projects 
resulted in completion of his studies of Central and South Amer- 
ican Pomatiasid landsnails and of Venezuelan material from Genoa 
Museum and partial completion of studies on more New Hebridean 
material and on hydrobiid snails from Lake Pontchartrain, Loui- 
siana. Assistant Ernest J. Roscoe, who joined the staff late in the 
year, continued studies on nonmarine recent and Pleistocene mol- 
lusks from the Great Basin area of North America. 

Division of Anatomy. Curator Davis continued his studies 
of the comparative anatomy and evolution of the Carnivora. In 
collaboration with Associate Waldemar Meister he began a study 
of the placenta and fetal membranes of the hedgehog and con- 
tinued a study of the fluorescence of hair in rats (genus Rattus) 
in collaboration with Dr. Gerhart Rebell of Colgate Biological 
Research Division. Curator Davis also prepared the articles "Mam- 
mal" and "Cat" for a revision of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 
and thirty-seven articles on mammals for the new McGraw-Hill 
Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Research Associate R. M. 
Strong continued his studies on the anatomy of birds. 

70 



PHOTOGRAPH OF 
A PRAYING MANTID (ARROW) 
IN PANAMA SITTING ON A 
LEAFY TWIG WHERE ITS 
PROTECTIVE COLORING 
CONCEALS IT 




THE SAME INSECT 
IN OUR COLLLECTIONS 
MOUNTED ON PIN 
AND LABELED 



ONE OF THE PIN LABELS 
STATES THAT THE INSECT 
WAS PHOTOGRAPHED ALIVE 
(THE PHOTOGRAPH IS 
SHOWN ABOVE) 




71 



Accessions— Zoology 

New material for study continues to come in at a gratifying rate, 
as these figures show: mammals — about 1,350 specimens; birds — 
6,378 specimens; amphibians and reptiles — 28,902 specimens; fishes 
— 4,100 specimens; insects — 63,959 specimens; mollusks — 105,000 
specimens; and anatomical material — 773 specimens. 

We were particularly fortunate in being able to purchase the 
Dr. E. H. Taylor Collection of reptiles and amphibians of about 
25,000 specimens, one of the most important private collections in 
existence. Very few herpetologists have worked on as large a pro- 
portion of the world's fauna in this field as has Dr. Taylor, and 
this is the collection that he gathered in the course of his work. A 
large part of the collection is from Mexico and Central America. 
About 1,000 specimens are from Ceylon, and as many from Siam. 
Other areas represented include the Philippine Islands, Malaya, 
Liberia, Brazil, India, and China. 

Another outstanding purchase was the Fred Button Collection 
of mollusks, which contains about 15,000 sets of shells. The col- 
lection is particularly strong in shells of western North America 
and in specimens obtained by exchange from collectors in Aus- 
tralia and in France. Its fine cowrie shells, with those already in 
our collection, give us 150 of the 168 known species of cowries and 
make our representation of cowries the most complete in any 
American museum. 

Our entomologists welcomed the purchase of 2,487 minute beetles 
from New Caledonia and other South Pacifiic islands, newly col- 
lected by Borys Malkin, among which are histerid beetles that will 
enable Curator Wenzel to elaborate his earlier work on New Cale- 
donia members of this group (and to supplement his forthcoming 
work on the Micronesian forms) and feather-wing (Ptiliid) beetles 
that will be useful to Associate Curator Dybas in his work on the 
Micronesian feather-wings. A further 10,919 feather-wing beetles 
that were sieved from the soil and leaf litter at localities in 17 states 
east of the Mississippi River was a gift from Walter Suter and 
John A. Wagner, of Northwestern University. 

Some other notable accessions from far and near include 690 mam- 
mals and 658 birds collected by Dr. Orlando Park and his students 
at Northwestern University (gift) ; 859 birds of Egypt from Research 
Associate Hoogstraal (gift) ; 900 fishes, including some paratypes of 
the Pacific, from University of California at Los Angeles (gift) ; 104 
fishes of Borneo from Phui Kong Chin (gift); 581 rove beetles, in- 
cluding types of 52 species, from Research Associate Seevers (gift); 

72 




 



Sonoda megalophthalma Grey 



TYPE SPECIMENS OF 

THE GENERA OF FISHES THAT 

MARION GREY, ASSOCIATE, NAMED FOR 

ASSISTANT PEARL SONODA 

AND CURATOR LOREN P. WOODS 



Woodsia nonsuchae 




73 



454 butterflies of North America from John A. Wagner (gift) ; 2,088 
leaf beetles (Cassididae) and 3,717 histerid beetles of Europe and the 
Old World tropics (purchase); 1,021 long-horn wood-boring beetles 
and 1,749 other beetles of Brazil (purchase) ; about 9,500 worldwide 
mollusks from Curator Solem gift); and about 4,000 choice marine 
shells from Museum Contributor Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel (gift). 

A gift of 8 paintings done by chimpanzees and 2 by a child came 
from Mrs. Emily Crane Chadbourne, a Museum Contributor. One 
picture is the work of the well-known London chimpanzee Congo 
who was featured in a London show some years ago and whose work 
has been discussed in several scientific papers, one was done by Betsy 
of the Baltimore Zoo whose output attracted considerable newspaper 
attention recently, and six are by a relatively unknown young chim- 
panzee whom Mrs. Crane found doing commercial work in a Wash- 
ington department store. These pictures, which vary in size from 
12 by 16 inches to 20 by 25 inches and are oils or watercolors on 
board or paper, are arrangements of bright colors in nonrepresenta- 
tive designs. These concrete examples of chimpanzee behavior are 
of considerable interest as samples of what the highest of the great 
apes can do in a sphere that is usually considered one of the finest 
expressions of mankind. 



Care of the Collections— Zoology 

The painstaking preparation required by some animal specimens 
is nowhere better illustrated than in the cleaning and labeling of 
skulls and skeletons. A dermestid beetle colony, housed in a bug- 
proof room on the ground floor, helps with some smaller specimens 
(the beetles eat the flesh off the bones). Larger mammals (a Pere 
David deer was the largest single item cleaned this year) may be 
boiled to soften the flesh. But in any case there are always bits of 
flesh or tissue to be picked or scraped or washed off. The cleaned 
skeletons are bleached, and then the bleach is neutralized and the 
bones are washed. Finally the bones are dried. Skulls and disarticu- 
lated skeletons are numbered in India ink, or if the skeleton is kept 
articulated a numbered tag is attached (the number of course refers 
to an entry in a catalogue where full details of the place, date, and 
collector are available). Then the specimen is filed in a vial, box, or 
cabinet drawer ready for study by someone interested in bats, ele- 
phants, snakes, hummingbirds, or fishes, as the case may be. Osteol- 
ogist Sophie Andris, who does much of this work, prepared 49 skele- 
tons, about 800 skulls, and 10 invertebrates. 

74 



Temporary summer assistants, volunteer workers (see page 26), 
and Antioch College students (Douglas R. G. Roycroft, Miss Aria 
Ruks, Miss Lise B. Thomsen, and Miss Linda M. Turkel) aided 
greatly in the routine care of collections, the details associated with 
curating them, and the incorporation of new material into them. 

Rearrangement of the bird and mammal collections in the steel 
cases purchased last year was continued. Tanner Dominick Villa 
and Assistant Taxidermist Mario Villa prepared mammal skins for 
the study collections and cleaned and mothproofed a number of old, 
large, flat study-skins. Also much time has been spent in search of 
improved methods of museum taxidermy. 

Assistant Marx integrated into the collection the newly purchased 
Taylor Collection of amphibians and reptiles (see page 72) with the 
assistance of Miss Janet Wright, who also did considerable work in 
arranging the pamphlet collection. Assistant Pearl Sonoda not only 
saw to realcoholing the fish collection but also checked and listed 
the fish in the large monel fishtanks. Assistant Phyllis Wade carried 
on routine work for the Division of Anatomy while Curator Davis 
was on a field trip in Malaya, did much of the routine curating of the 
collection during the year, and made illustrations. 

Assistant August Ziemer inspected and fumigated the insect col- 
lections as well as prepared many thousands of specimens for the 
collections. Research Associate Alex K. Wyatt continued to identify, 
combine, and integrate our various collections of North American 
butterflies and moths, Research Associate Seevers spent considerable 
time curating parts of the Bernhauer Collection of rove beetles, and 
Associate Curator Dybas saw to the transfer of a large segment of the 
Brancsik Collection of beetles into the collection. 

It was found that, unfortunately, a new shipment of cork used to 
line insect-storage trays was highly corrosive to insect pins. Investi- 
gation by the staff and by chemists of Morningstar-Paisley, Inc. 
(manufacturers of adhesives) showed that this was caused by a 
paste used by the bindery firm that covered our cork with flint paper 
— the paste contained humectants (water-drawing chemicals) and cor- 
rosive agents. Specifications for corrosion-free cork, paste, and cov- 
ering paper have been drawn up by the staff of Morningside-Paisley. 

Assistant Roscoe has taken over the final processing of additions 
to the mollusk collection, which hitherto has been carried on entirely 
by Curator Emeritus Haas and Curator Solem with the aid of tem- 
porary assistants. The half million new specimens received in the 
past two years have been unpacked and sorted roughly. During the 
year 12,500 sets of mollusks representing about 115,000 specimens 
were completely processed and integrated into the collection. 

75 



Exhibits— Zoology 

The installation early in the year of the case containing the giant 
Galapagos tortoise and the giant alligator snapping turtle completes 
the revision of the amphibian and reptile exhibits in Albert W. Harris 
Hall (Hall 18), which now gives a synopsis of the kinds of amphibians 
and reptiles and an indication of how and where they live. The re- 
vision of this hall by the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, which 
was started some years ago, has currently been the responsibility of 
Artist Joseph B. Krstolich aided by Assistant Taxidermist Peter 
Anderson, with Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton doing the more recent 
plastic models. 

The synoptic series of birds of the world in Boardman Conover 
Hall (Hall 21) moved toward completion with the installation of an 
exhibit showing twenty bird families from swifts, nightjars, and hum- 
mingbirds to hornbills. Taxidermist Cotton and Assistant Taxi- 
dermist Anderson were responsible for the installation of this exhibit, 
which was planned by the Division of Birds (Staff Artist E. John 
Pfiffner advised on design and supplied the paintings). Another 
exhibit showing bird families from pigeons and parrots to owls is 
nearly complete. 

The exhibit of shells from the Yarrington Collection that was on 
display as a special feature in Stanley Field Hall last year (see Annual 
Report 1958, page 26) has been placed in Hall M (Lower Inverte- 
brates), where it occupies a central position as a permanent exhibit. 

The centennial of the publication of Charles Darwin's On the 
Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was commemorated 
by the Museum with a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall from 
November 1 through the winter months (see page 25) . Part 1 of the 
exhibit was concerned with the 1831-36 round-the-world voyage of 
H.M.S. Beagle on which young Darwin began to formulate his ideas 
of evolution, Part 2 illustrated the three important sources of evi- 
dence for evolution (paleontology, embryology, and comparative 
anatomy) and Darwin's four propositions supporting his theory of 
natural selection, Part 3 was devoted to Darwin's main writings, and 
Parts 4, 5, and 6 gave examples used by Darwin in the Origin. 
Pictorial presentation was supported by books, specimens, facsimilies 
of pertinent passages from books, and Darwiniana from our collec- 
tions. The exhibit, which was prepared under direction of the Staff 
Artist, was planned by Chief Curator Rand and Curator Davis. 

Exhibits in progress include a large fish-mobile, an exhibit of 
living fossil-fishes, and plans and layouts for a revision of our sys- 
tematic exhibits of mammals. 

76 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

PUBLIC RELATIONS 

CO-OPERATION 

SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES 

PHOTOGRAPHY AND 
ILLUSTRATION 

MOTION PICTURES 

PUBLICATIONS AND 
PRINTING 

MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION 
AND ENGINEERING 




GOLD 
PENDANT 



COLOMBIA 



HEIGHT 
9 INCHES 



LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 

Altogether 9,955 items were obtained in the Library during the 
year by purchase, exchange, and gift. More than 700 items were dis- 
posed of by exchange and sale (proceeds from sale of duplicates 
amounted to more than $550, a part of which has been applied as 
credits to our accounts with bookdealers) . The following selected 
titles are typical of the many acquisitions during the year: Species 
des Hymenopteres d' Europe et d'Algirie, 1879-1903 (by Edmond An- 
dre), seven volumes and one supplement, is the definitive work on 
the hymenoptera of the western paleoarctic region; Index Litteraturae 
Entomoligicae, 1928-29 (by Walther Horn and Sigmund Schenkling), 
four volumes, includes many additions and corrections to Bibliotheca 
Entomologica (by Hermann August Hagen) and also the works pub- 
lished in 1862 and 1863 to fill the gap between Hagen and Zoological 
Record (v. 1, 1864) ; and Nouveau Museum d'Histoirie Naturelle, Vol- 
ume 1 , Regne animal, Classe des quadrupedes vivipares ou mammiferes, 
1806 (by B. E. Manuel) is difficult to obtain and forms an important 
addition to the collection. The Library benefited from the generosity 
of the donors listed on pages 124 and 125. 

A resignation and the absence of a staff member in military service 
have limited the progress during the year of cataloguing and classify- 
ing, and a backlog of unprocessed material has accumulated. As a 
temporary measure each uncatalogued title is represented by an 
author and a title entry in the main card catalogue and uncatalogued 
serials are listed in a separate file. In a large and complex library of 
exclusively scientific and technical literature full attention of one 
cataloguer is required for day-to-day maintenance of the card cata- 
logue. During the first half of the year the presence of an additional 
cataloguer enabled the division to make good progress in the number 
of volumes processed, and all materials received for which printed 
Library of Congress cards are available were catalogued, classified, 
and sent to the shelves of the general and departmental libraries. 
Original cataloguing was done for many monographs and serial pub- 
lications, including an accumulation in the Russian and Polish lan- 
guages. Analytics have been made for all monographs appearing in 
serial publications. 

As a result of increased space in the Anthropology Library, vol- 
umes temporarily shelved in the General Library were transferred 
there and catalogue cards provided. The Laufer Collection of works 
in occidental languages was moved to the East Asia Library in the 
Department of Anthropology with covering catalogue cards. The 
East Asia catalogue now contains cards for 728 completely catalogued 

79 



titles (comprising thousands of volumes) and a temporary file of 
893 titles (also comprising thousands of volumes). A considerable 
number of books and periodicals on the Far East that have not been 
reclassified remain in the General Library. 

Curator Kenneth Starr and Dr. Hoshien Tchen (both of the De- 
partment of Anthropology) continued their program of adding to the 
East Asia Library specialized bibliographic materials of two types in 
both oriental and occidental languages: (1) general works on anthro- 
pology and culture-history of China and other regions of East Asia 
and (2) technical books on Chinese rubbings and the stone and bronze 
objects from which they are taken. During the year Dr. Tchen cata- 
logued 60 titles comprising some 450 volumes. 

Because of its very nature a research library must grow. The 
physical expansion of the Botany Library is a problem that will need 
solution within the next few years. The overcrowded section housing 
materials classified under the Library of Congress system has been 
temporarily adjusted by a general shifting of all the volumes in the 
Botany Library and removal to the General Library of material not 
in regular use by the Department of Botany. This strenuous and 
painstaking work was done by members of the Botany staff. 

Because many of the titles acquired by the Museum Library in 
its specialized fields are not reported by other libraries, this Library 
during the past year has initiated the policy of contributing a copy 
of each original catalogue card for books of 1956 and later imprints 
to the National Union Catalog for inclusion in Library of Congress 
Catalog — Books; Authors, in addition to reporting all entries of earlier 
imprint date to the National Union Catalog. Locations of all copies 
of each title reported are indicated here, and this service is particu- 
larly important for works that are held uniquely by a single library. 
Analytics for monographs in series that are not analyzed by the 
Library of Congress also were reported. Altogether 546 cards were 
copied and submitted during the year, including many in Chinese 
and other oriental languages. 

After the Rare Book Room was renovated and rearranged in 1958, 
a complete card file for all volumes in this collection was made and 
filed in the room. This card file contains 308 entries 

A total of 10,559 cards was made for the card catalogue, repre- 
senting 1,429 titles and 4,138 volumes. Additionally, 1,212 cards 
were made for the Authorities File to be used as reference by the cata- 
loguing staff. Altogether 1,078 monographs were analyzed. Transla- 
tions into English totaled 310 (the task of translating correspondence 
and printed material for members of the Museum staff is shared by 
the Associate Librarian with the Librarian and Reference Librarian) . 

80 



The Library received an increased number of requests for mate- 
rials on biological science and anthropology, especially on scientific 
developments in countries behind the Iron Curtain. This year, more 
than in the past, visiting scholars used the Museum Library. A 
marked increase was noted in the use of our facilities by university 
students, many of whom were doing graduate work, and by others 
whose projects were of a scholarly nature. Miss Eugenia Bernoff, 
Reference Librarian, is especially capable in helping readers to find 
what they are seeking and in giving accurate information over the 
telephone. Her ability to work with foreign languages is especially 
valuable in these services. More than 2,170 reference inquiries were 
handled during the past year and more than 2,000 volumes were used 
in the General Reading Room by visitors (a record of volumes used by 
staff members is not kept). Miss Louise Friedal and Miss Her- 
mine F. Tworkov, Antioch College students, assisted in clerical work. 

Among arrangements for getting materials necessary for an ade- 
quate research library is the exchange system (see page 99). Contin- 
ued effort is made by our Library to acquire systematically, through 
exchange on a worldwide scale, currently issued publications of learned 
societies, academies, and institutes, and our network of exchange 
sources now extends into regions where research has been limited or 
stopped until recent years. Active exchanges of publications total 
991 in comparison with 401 paid subscriptions. A systematic review 
of periodical subscriptions was made for transfer, wherever possible, 
to the exchange list, and some economies were achieved thereby. 

The transfer of a large part of the map collection from storage 
crates to the new map cases in the General Reading Room was com- 
pleted during the year. Some 38,000 maps were sorted, filed, and 
arranged in systematic order under continent, country, locality, and 
city by Chih-wei Pan, an assistant, and a card file has been made. 

The Library continued to make materials available to other li- 
braries through interlibrary loans. In return we enjoyed the benefits 
of this important service that enables libraries to supplement their 
own resources with those of other institutions. A total of 320 books 
was borrowed and lent. The use of photostats and microfilms in- 
creased notably during the year. 

The Library's present rate of binding is keeping pace with current 
accretions of unbound materials and is reducing the arrearage of ma- 
terials in need of rebinding and repair. Altogether 1,158 volumes 
were prepared for binding during the year and numerous pamphlets 
were placed in binders. Repairs were made in the Library on 901 
volumes at a saving in commercial-binding costs of approximately 
$2,500, and 3,338 volumes were lettered with the electric stylus. 

81 



CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER INSTITUTIONS 

In co-operation with the Department of Anthropology of the Univ- 
versity of Chicago the Museum presented in November an illus- 
trated lecture on "The Art of Western New Guinea and Its Cultural 
Background" by Dr. Simon Kooijman, Curator of Rijksmuseum 
voor Volkenkunde in Leiden, who, while in the United States, also 
lectured at the Museum of Primitive Art in New York and at 
Harvard University (when in Chicago he studied the extensive New 
Guinea collections of ethnological and art specimens in the Museum's 
Pacific Science Laboratory). 

The course in museology, which covers all details of curatorial 
duties in a museum, was continued at the Museum by our anthro- 
pologists in co-operation with the Department of Anthropology of 
the University of Chicago. Phillip H. Lewis, Assistant Curator of 
Primitive Art, taught a six-week course in primitive art in the 
exhibition galleries of the Museum during July and August for 
students from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and, in 
April, gave a gallery lecture for a group of students brought to the 
Museum from Manteno (Illinois) State Hospital. 

Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, gave a lecture at the University of Michigan on Chinese 
rubbings and demonstrated the art on an educational program spon- 
sored by the television center of the University of Michigan. Dr. 
John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, spoke at a 
meeting of the archaeology society at the University of Wisconsin, 
Assistant Curator Lewis lectured at Northwestern University and 
at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and Dr. Roland W. 
Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, spoke at the 
Borg-Warner Research Center of the Scientific Research Society 
of America. Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, George I. Quimby, Curator of North American 
Archaeology and Ethnology, and Curator Force taught courses at 
the University of Chicago. Curator Force, who was appointed to 
a committee to assist the National Planning Board of Century 21 
Exposition to be held in Seattle in 1962, attended committee 
meetings in Philadelphia and New York City. Dr. Paul S. Martin, 
Chief Curator of Anthropology, and Assistant Curator Rinaldo took 
part in a seminar on ceramics at the Museum of Northern Arizona. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, arranged for a 
seminar to be given in the Department of Biology at Northwestern 
University by Dr. A. J. Kostermans, professor of botany at the 
University of Indonesia, and introduced Dr. Kostermans. Chief 

82 



Curator Just addressed the Third Annual Conference of Midwest 
College Biology Teachers held at the University of Notre Dame. 
Dr. C. Earle Smith, Jr., Associate Curator of Vascular Plants, 
spoke before a biology seminar at Northwestern University. 

The graduate course in vertebrate paleontology of the University 
of Chicago was held in the Musuem as usual by Dr. Everett C. Olson, 
Professor of Vertebrate Paleontology at the University and Research 
Associate on the Museum's staff. In December Professor Ralph 
Johnson of the University of Chicago brought his class in inverte- 
brate paleontology to the Museum for a lecture by Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, on paleoecological principles 
as illustrated in the Mecca project (see page 59). 

Curator Zangerl lectured on two occasions to classes in zoology 
that visited the Museum from Indiana University and addressed 
a zoology seminar at Indiana University on the paleoecology of 
the Mecca shale in Parke County, Indiana. Curator Richardson 
spoke on the Mecca project before the Northern (Illinois) Biology 
Teachers Association. Albert W. Forslev, Associate Curator of Min- 
eralogy, aided several times in identifying physical and chemical 
evidence for the Crime Detection Laboratory of the Chicago Police 
Department. The Museum supplied samples of coals and peats 
to the Argonne National Laboratory (Lemont, Illinois) for use in 
a study of radioactive mineral content of natural hydrocarbons. 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, and Alex K. Wyatt, 
Research Associate in the Division of Insects, are serving as co- 
operating specialists in the insect-detection program of the United 
States Department of Agriculture (Curator Wenzel is a specialist 
on classification of histerid beetles and of flies parasitic on bats, 
and Research Associate Wyatt is a specialist on Helothine moths). 
Curator Wenzel continued to co-operate with the Board of Com- 
missioners of Agriculture and Forestry of the State of Hawaii in 
providing identifications of the histerid beetles that are being intro- 
duced into Hawaii from various parts of the world in an effort to 
control the horn fly, a pest that is responsible for greatly reduced 
production in the dairy industry. Curator Wenzel has been ap- 
pointed a Research Associate in the Department of Biology at 
Northwestern University. D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Verte- 
brate Anatomy, continued as Lecturer in the Department of Zoology 
at the University of Chicago. 

Classes in botany, paleobotany, systematic botany, and biology 
came to visit the Museum's herbaria from the University of Chicago, 
University of Illinois, State University of Iowa, Loyola University, 

83 




CURATOR DENISON 
IDENTIFIES A COLLECTION 
OF FOSSIL FISHES 
FROM MONTE BOLCA IN 
NORTHERN ITALY 



Northwestern University, and Western Michigan University. A 
class in field zoology from the University of Notre Dame visited 
the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, a biology class from the 
University of Illinois visited the Division of Fishes, and classes in 
field biology from Northwestern University and Roosevelt Univer- 
sity visited the Division of Insects. 

Among other universities and colleges that used the facilities 
of the Museum were Chicago Teachers College, Illinois Institute 
of Technology, De Paul University, George Williams College, Mc- 
Master University (Canada), Morton Junior College, North Park 
College, and Wheaton College. Supervised classes from art schools 
continued to use the Museum exhibits as a part of their regular 
classroom work in sketching, painting, and modeling, and results 
of this work from classes of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago 
were placed on special exhibition in the Museum in May (see page 25). 

The Chicago Area Science Fair (sponsored by the Chicago Teach- 
ers Science Association), a show in which students of grades 6 through 
12 from all schools within a 35-mile radius of Chicago are eligible, 
was held in the Museum on a Saturday in May. Elmhurst (Illinois) 
Teachers Institute met in the Museum in September to acquaint its 
members with the programs of the Museum (more than a hundred 
teachers were present). Facilities at the Museum for meetings 
were used during the year by various organizations working in 
fields related to the scope of the Museum, among them the Illinois 
Audubon Society, Illinois Orchid Society, Kennecott Club, and Na- 
ture Camera Club. Under the co-operative plan adopted in 1946 
by this Museum and Antioch College (Yellow Springs, Ohio) fifteen 
young men and women were employed in 1959 by the Museum. 

Among visitors in the Department of Anthropology during the 
year were Dr. Charles 0. Betchtol and Dr. Victor F. Lenzer, Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles; Barone Professor Alberto Carlos 
Blanc (Direttore Dell' Institute di Paletnologia), Dell' Universita 
(Rome); Dr. F. H. Bordes, University of Bordeaux (France); Dr. 
Stephen Borhegyi, Dr. Robert Ritzenthaler, Lee Parsons, and 
William Hurley, Milwaukee Museum; Dr. Edwin H. Bryan, Jr., 
Bernice P. Bishop Museum; Dr. Schuyler Cammann, University 
of Pennsylvania; Dr. Daniel J. Crowley, University of Notre Dame; 
Philip Dedrick, Rockford College; Dr. R. A. Deddrick, Fiji Museum 
(Fiji Islands) ; Joseph J. Dobrich, Washington, D.C.; Emilio Estrada, 
Guayaquil, Ecuador; Dr. Henry Field, Peabody Museum; Dr. 
Douglas Fraser, Robert K. Saxon, and Mrs. Carol M. Suchinsky, 
Columbia University; Dr. Gordon D. Gibson and Dr. S. H. Riesen- 
berg, Smithsonian Institution; Professor William Godfrey and Pro- 

85 



fessor Andrew Whiteford, Beloit College; Dr. James B. Griffin 
(Director), Museum of Anthropology (University of Michigan); 
Dr. Jean Guiart, University of Paris; 

Professor S. Howard Hansford, University of London; Sir Julian 
Huxley and Francis Huxley, London; Professor Kao Ch'ii-hsun, 
Taiwan National University; Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Berkeley, California; 
Dr. L. S. B. Leakey, Nairobi, Kenya; Dr. Hubert W. Lechie, Amer- 
ican University; Father Edwin McManus, S. J. Trust Territory of 
the Pacific Islands; Miss Alice Marriott, University of Oklahoma; 
Ronald J. Mason, Neville Museum; Sister Marie Jose di Mendonca, 
Lisbon, Portugal; Dr. Cornelius Osgood, Yale University; Myron 
O'Higgins, Museum of Primitive Art; Dr. Satya Prokash, Jaipur, 
India; Dr. Carlos Samayoa, Institute for Anthropology and History 
(Guatemala); Dr. Karl Schlesier, Dusseldorf, Germany; and Dr. 
Antonio Tejeda, Jr. (Director), National Museum of Archaeology 
and Ethnology (Guatemala). 

Visiting botanists included Avadh Agarwal, Lucknow, India; 
Brother Alfred, De La Salle College (Manila) ; Rev. Edward Akso- 
maites, Putnam, Connecticut; Dr. C. A. Arnold and Dr. R. H. 
Wagner, Jr., University of Michigan; F. K. Ballard, United States 
Customs Laboratory (Chicago) ; Professor Harriette V. Bartoo, West- 
ern Michigan University; Dr. J. W. Baxter, University of Wisconsin 
Extension; Dr. E. 0. Beal, North Carolina State College; Dr. C. R. 
Bell, University of North Carolina; Professor G. R. Bernard, Dr. 
R. E. Gordon, and Rev. E. C. Resconich, University of Notre Dame; 
Dr. A. L. Bernardi, University of the Andes (Venezuela) ; Dr. A. S. 
Boughey, University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland; Dr. Max 
Britton, Office of Naval Research (Washington, D.C.); Miss H. 
Francia Chisaki, Dr. Wayne Fry, Dr. Albert Herre, and Dr. Mildred 
Mathias, University of California; Dr. Wm. B. Cooke, Taft Sanitary 
Engineering Center; 

Dr. and Mrs. W. A. Daily, Indianapolis; M. P. DeVos, Univer- 
sity of Stellanbosch (South Africa) ; Dr. M. J. Dorsey, Mr. and Mrs. 
R. Mohlenbrock, and Dr. Wilson N. Stewart, University of Illinois 
(Urbana); H. V. Dunkle, Galesburg, Illinois; Dr. John D. Dwyer, 
St. Louis University; Dr. R. E. Edgren, G. D. Searle and Company 
(Skokie, Illinois); Dr. and Mrs. Gunnar Erdtman, Laboratory of 
Palynology (Stockholm); Dr. H. Fabris and Dr. S. A. Guarrera, 
Museo de la Plata (Argentina) ; M. G. Fenwick and J. H. Grosblogs, 
Northern Illinois University; Dr. Margaret Fulford and Miss Jane 
Taylor, University of Cincinnati; Dr. John Funkhauser, Tulsa, Okla- 
homa; Dr. G. W. Gillett, Miss Ann Waterman, and Clifford Wetmore, 
Michigan State University; Dr. L. J. Grambast, University of Paris; 

86 



Dr. Charles Heimsch, Miami University (Ohio); Dr. C. B. Heiser, 
Jr., Indiana University; A. J. Hendricks, Southern Illinois Univer- 
sity; Professor R. L. Hulbary, State University of Iowa; Dr. Juan 
Hunziker, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Dr. Hugh litis, Dennis Knight, 
Dr. Jonathan Sauer, and P. F. Stickney, University of Wisconsin; 
R. 0. Kapp, Alma, Alma College; Dr. David D. Keck, National 
Science Foundation (Washington, D. C.) ; Hari Kishore, Simla, India; 
Dr. R. M. Kosanke, Illinois Geological Survey; Dr. B. F. Kukachka, 
Forest Products Laboratory (Wisconsin); Professor R. J. Kuster, 
Valparaiso University; Dr. Ida Langman, University of Pennsyl- 
vania; Dr. G. A. Leisman, Kansas State Teachers College; Dr. 
Harlan Lewis, University of California at Los Angeles; Robert Long, 
University of Massachusetts; Dr. T. G. Mahabale, University of 
Poona (India); Dr. P. N. Mehra, Pan jab University (India); Dr. 
Eugenia Navas, University of Chile; Bernard Nebel, Earlham Col- 
lege; Harold Nogle, Port Arthur, Texas; Dr. Frederick Pannier, 
Universidad Central (Venezuela); H. W. Pfeifer and Dr. R. E. 
Woodson, Missouri Botanical Garden; Dr. R. W. Pohl, Iowa State 
College; Dr. R. P. Quinn, Abbott Laboratories (Chicago); Dr. N. W. 
Radforth, McMaster University; Dr. Dillwyn Rogers, Augustana 
College; Dr. Velva Rudd, United States National Museum; Dr. E. 
D. Rudolph, Wellesley College; 

Dr. Linna Azhyadee Salom, San Jose\ Costa Rica; Rolf Schafer, 
University of Gottingen (West Germany); Roland Schoenike, Uni- 
versity of Minnesota; A. Schoen wetter, University of Arizona; Dr. 
J. M. Schopf, United States Geological Survey (Ohio State Uni- 
versity); Dr. R. E. Schultes, Harvard University; Dr. Olof Selling, 
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum (Stockholm); David G. Sharpe, Put- 
nam, Connecticut; Rev. Urban J. Siegrist, St. Joseph College; Dr. 
Anton Slysh, Syracuse University; Tom Soderstrom, Yale University; 
Allen Stevenson, Hunt Library (Pittsburgh); Dr. K. R. Surange, 
Sahni Institute of Paleobotany (Lucknow, India); Dr. A. F. Szcza- 
winski, Museum of Natural History (Vancouver); Miss Betty Ven- 
rick, Pomona College; Dante Ventresca, Marion College; Dr. Grady 
L. Webster, Purdue University; Dr. Louis O. Williams, Plant In- 
dustry Station (Beltsville, Maryland); Archie F. Wilson, Summit, 
New Jersey; and Dr. D. 0. Wolfenbarger, University of Florida. 

Visiting geologists included Dr. Walter Auffenberg, University 
of Florida; Dr. Robert S. Bader, University of Illinois (Urbana); 
Dr. Charles Bechtol, University of California at Los Angeles; Craig C. 
Black, Dr. George Gaylord Simpson, and Dr. Ernest E. Williams, 
Museum of Comparative Zoology; H. J. Champagne, National Mu- 
seum of Canada (Ottawa); Dr. John Clark, South Dakota School 

87 



of Mines and Technology; William A. Clemens and Richard Estes, 
University of California; Dr. Gordon Y. Craig, University of Edin- 
burgh (Scotland); Robert C. Feuer, University of Michigan; Dr. 
Kurt Frederiksen, Geological Survey of Sweden (Stockholm); 

Donald J. Herold, Davenport (Iowa) Public Museum; Dr. Claude 
Hibbard, University of Michigan; Dr. Marie L. Hopkins, Idaho 
State College; Dr. Nicholas Hotton III, United States National 
Museum; Dr. L. S. B. Leakey, Coryndon Memorial Museum (Nai- 
robi, Kenya); Dr. Ernest Lundelius, Jr., University of Texas; Mrs. 
Doris Macnaughton, McGill University (Montreal); John H. Os- 
trom, Beloit College; Roy Reinhart, Miami University (Ohio); 
Howard Sanders, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute; Dr. Robert 
E. Sloan, University of Minnesota; Dr. Thompson M. Stout, Uni- 
versity of Nebraska; Dr. Georges Vandebroek, University de Lou- 
vaine (Belgium) ; and Dr. T. Stanley Westoll, University of Durham 
(England). 

Visiting zoologists included Dr. John W. Aldrich and Dr. Daniel 
M. Cohen, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (Washington, 
D.C.); Donald H. Baepler, Robert E. Elbel, Dr. Cluff Hopla, and 
W. H. McCarley, University of Oklahoma; George Barker, Mt. 
Pleasant, South Carolina; Dr. Charles 0. Bechtol, University of 
California at Los Angeles; Dr. Edward Becker, Dr. Henry Howden, 
and Dr. B. V. Peterson, Canada Department of Agriculture; Dr. 
William H. Behle, University of Utah; Dr. S. Stillman Berry, Red- 
lands, California; Dr. Argentino Bonnetto, Buenos Aires; Professor 
Jose* I. Borrero, Bogota, Colombia; Miss Margaret G. Bradbury, 
Hopkins Marine Station; John Burns, William Z. Lidicker, Jr., 
and Dr. Frank A. Pitelka, University of California; Dr. Joseph 
Camin, Dr. William Duellman, and Carl Rettenmeyer, University 
of Kansas; George Campbell, Detroit; Dr. Nell B. Causey, Univer- 
sity of Arkansas; 

Jorgen Dahl, Department of Fisheries, Charlottenlund, Denmark; 
Dr. Rezneat M. Darnell, Marquette University; Miss Mercedes 
Delfinado, Manila; Dr. Clarence Dineen, St. Mary's College; Robert 
C. Feuer, Dr. Theodore Hubbell, Douglas Robinson, and Dr. Robert 
W. Storer, University of Michigan; Dr. Robert L. Fleming, Kath- 
mandu, Nepal; W. I. Follett, California Academy of Sciences; Dr. 
M. J. Fouquette, Dr. Coleman Goin, and Dr. Rodger D. Mitchell, 
University of Florida; Dr. Herbert Friedmann, United States Na- 
tional Museum; Jose* M. Gallardo, Museo Nacional (Buenos Aires); 
Dr. Carl Gans, University of Buffalo; Arnold Gluge, University of 
Southern California; Dr. Robert Graves, Flint (Michigan) Junior 
College; Dr. Georg Haas and Professor Oskar Theodor, Hebrew 

88 




'TREE FINDER" PROGRAM FOR CAMP FIRE GIRL DAY 



ASSISTANT ZIEMER HELPS WITH BOY SCOUT HOBBY DAY 




89 



University (Jerusalem); C. F. Harbison, San Diego Museum of 
Natural History; Dr. Carl L. Hubbs, Scripps Institution of Ocean- 
ography; Dr. D. K. Kevan, MacDonald University (Montreal); 
Dr. David Kistner, Chico (California) State College; Dr. Karl 
Krekeler, Valparaiso University; Dr. Boonsong Lekagul, Thailand; 
Dr. James List, Ball State Teachers College; 

H. A. MacEwan, Battle Creek, Michigan; Dr. Borys Malkin, 
University of Minnesota; Mr. and Mrs. N. B. Marshall, British 
Museum (Natural History); Dr. William V. Mayer, Wayne Uni- 
versity; Dr. Ernst Mayr, Museum of Comparative Zoology; Dr. 
Charles A. McLaughlin, Los Angeles County Museum; Dr. T. 
Michaud, Carroll College; Dr. William Milstead, University of 
Kansas City; Dr. Edgardo Mondolfi, National Museum (Venezuela); 
Captain Munoz (Administrator), Seal Islands, Uruguay; Dr. Oscar T. 
Owre, University of Miami (Florida); Luis B. Pefia, Santiago, 
Chile; Father Francisco S. Pereira, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Dr. Randolph 
L. Peterson, Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology; Dr. Cornelius B. 
Philip, Rocky Mountain Laboratory; Dr. Holgar Poulsen, Copen- 
hagen Zoo; 

Stanley Rand, Harvard University; Dr. Gerbert Rebell, Colgate 
Biological Research Division; Dr. Frederick Rindge, American Mu- 
seum of Natural History; I. A. Ronquillo, Manila; Dr. Jerome Rozen, 
Ohio State University; Dr. Hans Schneider, University of Tubingen 
(Germany) ; Gilberto Silva-Taboada, Cuban Bat Guano Corporation 
(Havana); Dr. R. H. N. Smithers, National Museum at Bulawayo 
(Southern Rhodesia); Miss Angela Spadaro, Charleston Museum; 
Dr. Victor G. Springer, Florida State Board of Conservation; 
Ralph Stark, Lebanon, Indiana; Dr. G. M. Stecher, Cleveland; 
Dr. Harrison M. Tietz, University of Pennsylvania; Dr. Enrico 
Tortonese, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale (Genoa); Dr. Raul 
Vaz-Ferreira, University of Uruguay; Dr. Howard Weems and Rob- 
ert Woodruff, Florida State Plant Board; Dr. N. R. Whitney, 
Rapid City, South Dakota; and Dr. Telford Work, Rockefeller 
Foundation Virus Laboratories (New York). 

In addition, we had, of course, many visitors from the Chicago 
area to all scientific departments. Among these were members of 
the faculties of local educational institutions, including Northwestern 
University, The University of Chicago, Chicago Teachers College, 
Loyola University, Roosevelt University, and Illinois Institute of 
Technology. Sir Charles Darwin, of Great Britain, also visited the 
Museum during the Darwin Centennial Celebration of the publica- 
tion of his grandfather's famed book The Origin of Species (see 
pages 22 and 92). 

90 



ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS IN SCIENTIFIC 
AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, attended the annual meeting in Salt Lake City of 
the Society for American Archaeology and the annual meeting in 
Mexico City of the American Anthropological Association. Allen S. 
Liss, Custodian of Collections, attended the meeting in Carbondale, 
Illinois, of the Midwest Archaeological Conference and the meeting 
in Urbana of the Illinois Archaeological Survey, of which he is a 
member of the board of directors. 

Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of Botany, was host to a 
meeting in the Museum in February to plan the program for the 
Ninth International Botanical Congress that was held later in the 
year in Montreal. At the Congress he presented a paper at a 
meeting of the Paleobotanical Section and participated in meetings 
of the International Committee on Paleobotanical Nomenclature, of 
which he is a member. Local arrangements for the annual meeting 
of the Conference of Biological Editors, which was held in the 
Library of the Museum in April, were made by Chief Curator Just 
and Miss Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor of Scientific Publications. 
Dr. Just, who continues to serve as chairman of the committee for 
editorial policy for the Conference of Biological Editors, was elected 
vice-president. He continued as a member of the International 
Committee on Paleobotanical Nomenclature and as a member of 
the program committee for the International Botanical Congress. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, Dr. Rainer 
Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and William D. Turnbull, Assist- 
ant Curator of Fossil Mammals, attended the meetings in Pittsburgh 
of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, where Curator Denison 
was elected secretary-treasurer. Curator Zangerl attended the meet- 
ing in Pittsburgh of the Board of Directors of the American Geo- 
logical Institute. Albert W. Forslev, Associate Curator of Mineral- 
ogy, attended the meetings in Pittsburgh of the Geological Society 
of America and was appointed to a committee of the Mineralogical 
Society of America that is engaged in compiling a list of the out- 
standing mineral collections in the United States. 

Philip Hershkovitz, Curator of Mammals, Dr. Karl Koopman, 
Assistant Curator of Mammals, and Miss Sophie Andris, Osteol- 
ogist, attended the meeting in Washington, D.C., of the Ameri- 
can Society of Mammalogists. Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator 

91 



of Zoology, and Emmet R. Blake, Curator of Birds, attended meet- 
ings of the American Ornithologists' Union in Regina, Saskatchewan. 
Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, attended meetings of the Ameri- 
can Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists in San Diego. 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, attended meetings in 
Columbus of the North Central Branch of the Entomological So- 
ciety of America and joint meetings in Detroit of the Entomological 
Society of America and the Entomological Society of Canada and 
was elected to the standing committee on entomological nomencla- 
ture. Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator Emeritus of Lower Invertebrates, 
and Dr. Alan Solem, Curator, attended the meeting in Philadelphia 
of the American Malacological Union, and Curator Solem, who was 
elected counselor-at-large at the Philadelphia meeting, spoke at the 
meeting in Redlands, California, of the Pacific Division of the Union. 
D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy, attended meet- 
ings in Philadelphia of the American Institute of Biological Sciences 
and continued as a trustee of the American Society of Mammalogists, 
which met in Washington, D.C. 

Members of the Museum's staff attended the annual meetings 
of the Society for the Study of Evolution (in November) and of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science (in December), 
which were held in Chicago, and the Darwin Centennial Celebration 
(see page 22) at the University of Chicago (in November). Chief 
Curator Just attended the Darwin Centennial Celebration as official 
representative of the Museum and of the Botanical Society of Amer- 
ica. Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, 
was official delegate from the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 
to the meetings of the Society for the Study of Evolution and to 
the Darwin Centennial Celebration. Dr. Roland W. Force, Curator 
of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, and Curator Quimby were 
elected Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science. 

Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian, attended the meetings of the 
American Library Association in Washington, D.C. Mrs. M. Eileen 
Rocourt, Associate Librarian, was elected chairman of the Museum 
Division of Special Libraries Association at its annual meeting, 
having served as vice-chairman. Mrs. Rocourt represented the Mu- 
seum Division at the Advisory Council meetings of the Special 
Libraries Association in Highland Park, Illinois, and during the 
year attended monthly meetings of the Illinois chaper of the Asso- 
ciation. The Librarian and Associate Librarian attended sessions 
of the Mid-Winter Conference of the American Library Association 
in Chicago. 

92 




HONORING THE CENTENNIAL OF 

THE PUBLICATION 

OF CHARLES DARWIN'S 

"THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES" 



SPECIAL EXHIBIT 
IN STANLEY FIELD HALL 



Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Director of the Museum, addressed the 
International Council of Museums in Stockholm in July and was 
a member of The Natural History Museums' Committee of fifteen 
that met at Oslo in June. E. Leland Webber, Executive Assistant, 
and Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of Raymond Foundation, represented 
the Museum at the annual meeting in Toledo of the Midwest Con- 
ference of Museums of the American Association of Museums. Miss 
Wood, who was chairman of the program and moderator of the 
session on education in museums, was elected president of the Mid- 
west Conference of Museums. 

In connection with his duties as associate editor of the new 
worldwide anthropological journal Current Anthropology, Curator 
Force received a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for An- 
thropological Research to aid in exploration of problems of com- 
munication among anthropologists the world over. Dr. Robert F. 
Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, was elected herpeto- 
logical editor of Copeia, Assistant Curator Rinaldo was appointed 
to the editorial staff of Archives of Archaeology, and Curator Wenzel 
was appointed to the advisory board of the Encyclopaedia Britannica 
to serve as advisor in the field of entomology. 

Members of our staff who continued to serve in various capa- 
cities on editorial boards of scientific journals include Curator Collier, 
American Antiquity; Curator Davis, Copeia; Curator Inger, Evolu- 
tion; Chief Curator Just, Lloydia (editor); Mrs. Rocourt, Bulletin 
[of Museum Division of Special Libraries Association]; Dr. John W. 
Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, Economic Botany; Assistant 
Curator Turnbull, Saugertierkundliche Mitteilungen (Stuttgart, Ger- 
many) and Society of Vertebrate Paleontology News Bulletin; and 
Curator Woods, The American Midland Naturalist. 

Several members of the Museum's scientific staff contribute re- 
views and articles to various learned journals or write books on 
subjects within the Museum's fields of interest and research. A 
bibliography of some of this material in 1959 is on page 104. 



94 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The Museum became the focus of an extraordinary amount of pub- 
licity in the press, on television, in radio, and in motion-picture news- 
reels because of its active participation in the Festival of the Americas 
that was held during the summer in connection with the Pan Amer- 
ican Games to which Chicago was host. The Museum's contribution 
to the Festival was an extremely noteworthy special exhibit "Indian 
Art of the Americas" (see pages 23 and 25), which received unusual 
recognition and was acclaimed by the art critics of Chicago news- 
papers as an outstanding showing of primitive art. Stories and pic- 
tures of this exhibit and of objects in it continued for several weeks. 

Outstanding presentations during the year included a well- 
illustrated three-page feature-story on the Museum's archaeological 
expedition to the Southwest and on dinosaurs in issues of Midwest 
(Sunday rotogravure magazine of the Chicago Sun-Times), a page of 
rotogravure pictures of exhibits of Mexican art in Weekend (maga- 
zine of the Chicago Daily News), pages of drawings by children in 
classes of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago working in this 
Museum (see page 85), and a page "Day at the Museum" in Chicago's 
American. The Chicago Tribune published an impressive photograph 
of the Museum's new exterior night lighting, which began in June 
(see page 107). 

Museum news and pictures were circulated nationally and inter- 
nationally on a larger scale than in previous years through co-opera- 
tion of such distributing agencies as the Associated Press and United 
Press-International (there is reason to believe that such notice influ- 
ences many visitors to Chicago to include the Museum in their sight- 
seeing itineraries). Locally, in addition to the metropolitan news- 
papers, the Museum received publicity in neighborhood weeklies and 
semiweeklies, foreign-language newspapers, and newspapers of sub- 
urbs and nearby cities. The number of news releases for the year 
was 250. Advance proofs of the Museum's monthly Bulletin are 
regularly supplied to the press, and supplemental publicity was re- 
ceived by articles and pictures reprinted from this periodical, which 
is published by the Museum primarily for its Members. 

Radio and television stations and networks generously contrib- 
uted free publicity to Museum events in spot announcements and 
scheduled programs. Grateful acknowledgment of this co-operation 
is made to the American Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broad- 
casting System, and National Broadcasting Company as well as to 
the independent local stations throughout the Chicago area. The 
Museum has benefited in particular from almost daily announce- 

95 



ments on two stations that direct their appeal to people interested 
in cultural and educational activities — the noncommercial television 
station WTTW (Channel 11) and FM radio station WFMT, which 
also published in its monthly Fine Arts Guide extensive series of 
photographs of Museum exhibits. 

The Chicago and North Western Railway, Chicago Transit Au- 
thority, and Illinois Central System continued to display without 
charge in their local stations placards advertising lectures and other 
Museum events. Museum notices appeared in Headline Events in 
Chicago (published monthly by the Chicago Association of Commerce 
and Industry), Chicago Exhibitions Calendar (published quarterly by 
the Adult Education Council), and This Week in Chicago (distrib- 
uted by hotels and organizations concerned with tourists). 



MOTION PICTURES 

The twice-a-year general inspection of all film material in the Film 
Library, which includes cleaning and repairing, was completed for 
the year and all film subjects were catalogued and accessioned. The 
Film Library now numbers 101 complete productions, besides thou- 
sands of feet of color and black-and-white film in the stock-footage 
library on various subjects of natural history. During the year 
many films were examined for material that could be incorporated 
into films now in use, and all storage files were relabeled. Both new 
and replacement titles were photographed, and damaged sections of 
films were printed and replaced. 

Toward the close of the year all photography for the Museum's 
new film production was completed. Laboratory work, editing, and 
preparation of script are now in progress and the film will be ready 
for public showing during the coming year. This film will supplant 
the present film on the Museum's various activities, "Through These 
Doors," which was in continuous use throughout the year on a free- 
loan basis as an educational service of the Museum to all requesting 
organizations, schools, and colleges. It has been impossible to keep 
accurate count of individual viewers, but it is conservative to say 
that "Through These Doors" has been seen by many thousands in 
the ten years that it has been in use. 

Requests are received from time to time for the loan of films 
taken in various parts of the world during Museum expeditions. 
This material, which shows habitats, people, and animal life, has 
rare and unusual value because our film record is, in many instances, 
the only one in existance. 

96 







MAMMAL SKULLS 
BEING CLEANED 



97 



CAFETERIA AND LUNCHROOM 

The total volume of business in the cafeteria and lunchroom in- 
creased slightly during the year, reaching a figure in excess of $192,000. 
During the summer months the cafeteria remained open on Wednes- 
day and Friday evenings of Grant Park concerts, and many visitors 
took advantage of the opportunity to have dinner at the Museum 
before attending the concerts (see page 21). In order to accommo- 
date school groups better, the picnic room was entirely remodeled, 
with special attention to improved airconditioning. Murals by Miss 
Marion Pahl, Staff Illustrator, have added greatly to the attractive- 
ness of the room (see below). 



PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION 

The Division of Photography attained its usual high standards of 
excellence in photographing subjects of all descriptions. The ability 
to reproduce the fine details of texture in wood, mineral, and textile 
specimens is of great importance because the photographs are the 
basis of photoengravings for Museum publications or become a 
part of the permanent records of the Museum. John Bayalis and 
Homer V. Holdren succeeded admirably in handling even the most 
difficult matters. During the year they completed a total of 24,661 
negatives, prints, kodachromes, lantern slides, and transparencies. 
The record keeping, ably done by Miss Mary Creed, included num- 
bering negatives and prints, replacing and relabeling torn negative 
jackets, and other routine tasks that are indispensable to the care 
and management of a large photographic library. 

E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist, and Miss Marion Pahl, Staff Illus- 
trator, accomplished many major assignments. Outstanding are 
the picnic-room murals and several posters by Miss Pahl, and less 
spectacular but of highest order of importance are approximately 
100 drawings for scientific publications and 9 drawings for the 
Museum Stories of Raymond Foundation. A large part of Artist 
Pfiffner's time was taken up with planning exhibits for various 
departments of the Museum, which included work for the proposed 
Hall of Mammals in the Department of Zoology and the design 
for the large pictorial map of Indonesia for the Department of 
Anthropology. The close co-operation of the Staff Artist and Staff 
Illustrator with the artists and preparators of the Museum depart- 
ments in order to produce in record time special material for the 
Darwin and other exhibits is particularly gratifying. 

98 



THE BOOK SHOP 

Operation of The Book Shop continued at a high level during the 
year. Total sales (including books, souvenirs, and educational toys) 
amounted to $188,615.59, a decrease of about $8,000 from the figure 
for 1958. The decrease was entirely in sales by mail. Over-the- 
counter sales, however, increased 10 per cent over those of 1958. 
Early in the year a specially prepared collection of fossil specimens, 
with a leaflet "Your Own Fossil Collection" written by members of 
the Department of Geology, was placed on sale. The set had wide 
sales (about 6,000 units), both over the counter and through the 
assistance of a Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company "New Horizons" adver- 
tisement, and the Museum again is grateful to Philip K. Wrigley for 
his interest in the Museum and its educational work. A new Museum 
Storybook, fifteenth of the popular booklets written by members of 
Raymond Foundation staff, was on sale. Sales of color-transparency 
duplicates (of Museum exhibits) continued through General Bio- 
logical Supply House and in the Museum and totaled 13,209. 



PUBLICATIONS AND PRINTING 

Again in 1959 the gross income from sales of Museum publications 
reached a new high. A total of 56,203 copies of publications was 
sold. Free distribution of publications to other scientific institu- 
tions under exchange agreements totaled 15,305 copies (see page 81), 
and, although the number of copies decreased in 1959, the actual 
bulk of material increased because the publications issued during 
the year contained considerably more pages than the output of the 
Museum Press in 1958. Also, the continued rise in Museum mem- 
bership (see page 34) resulted in increased activity in the Division 
of Publications because all mailing plates for Members are main- 
tained and run off there. Raymond A. N. Gomes and Miss Hilda 
Nordland capably handled the increased volume of work. 

During the year the Museum issued nineteen publications in its 
scientific series, two in its popular series (one a reprint), one hand- 
book, two Museum Storybooks (one a new edition) , two guidebooks, 
three indexes, and one annual report. Of these, copies printed by the 
Museum Press totaled 32,918 from 2,791 pages of type composition. 
Twelve issues of Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin were 
printed, averaging 7,650 copies an issue. Other work included post- 
ers, lecture schedules, programs, looseleaf Museum Stories for Ray- 
mond Foundation, and tags, totaling 876,346 impressions. 

99 



MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS IN 1959 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Braidwood, Robert J. 

Prehistoric Men, Popular Series, Anthropology, number 37, 188 pages, 
45 illustrations (fourth edition) 

Collier, Donald 

Indian Art of the Americas, Handbook, Anthropology, 64 pages, 65 illustrations 

Martin, Paul S. } 

Digging into History, A Brief Account of Fifteen Years of Archaeological Work 
in New Mexico, Popular Series, Anthropology, 157 pages, 63 illustrations, 
1 map 

Rinaldo, John B. 

Foote Canyon Pueblo, Eastern Arizona, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 49, 
number 2, 154 pages, 62 illustrations, 3 tables 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Dahlgren, B. E. 

Index of American Palms, Plates, Botanical Series, volume 14, 416 pages, 
412 plates 

Macbride, J. Francis 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, volume 13, part 5, number 1, 538 pages 

SCHWEINFURTH, CHARLES 

Orchids of Peru, Fieldiana: Botany, volume 30, number 2, 280 pages, 
58 illustrations 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

Pennsylvanian Invertebrates of the Mazon Creek Area, Illinois, Trilobitomorpha, 
Arthropleurida, II, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 12, number 5, 6 pages, 
2 illustrations 

Seltin, Richard J. 

A Review of the Family Captorhinidae, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, 
number 34, 49 pages, 15 illustrations, 8 tables 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Blake, Emmet R. * 

Two New Game Birds from Peru, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 32, 
4 pages 

Grey, Marion 

Deep Sea Fishes from the Gulf of Mexico, With the Description of a New Species 
Squalogadus intermedius (Macrouroididae), Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 29, 24 pages, 5 illustrations 

Haas, Fritz 

Inland Mollusks from Venezuela, Southern Brazil, and Peru, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 39, number 31, 9 pages, 5 illustrations 

100 



MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS IN 1959 

HOOGSTRAAL, HARRY, AND MAKRAM N. KAISER 

Ticks (Ixodoidea) of Arabia, With Special Reference to the Yemen, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 39, number 28, 26 pages, 3 illustrations, 1 map 

Inger, Robert F., and Chin Phui Kong 

New Species of Fresh-water Catfishes from North Borneo, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 39, number 27, 18 pages, 3 illustrations, 2 tables 

Marx, Hymen 

Review of the Colubrid Snake Genus Spalerosophis, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 39, number 30, 15 pages, 2 illustrations, 1 map, 1 table 

Philip, Cornelius B. 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 19^6-19^7, Tabanidae (Diptera), Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 33, number 6, 85 pages, 34 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L., Herbert Friedmann, and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 

Birds from Gabon and Moyen Congo, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 41, number 2, 
193 pages, 1 map 

Rand, Austin L., and D. S. Rabor 

Three New Birds from the Philippine Islands, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 26, 3 pages 

Rand, Austin L., and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 

Three New Birds from West Africa, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 25, 
5 pages 

Solem, Alan 

Systematics of the Land and Fresh-water Mollusca of the New Hebrides, Fieldi- 
ana: Zoology, volume 43, number 1, 273 pages, 8 illustrations, 34 plates 
Zoogeography of the Land and Fresh-water Mollusca of the New Hebrides, Fieldi- 
ana: Zoology, volume 43, number 2, 121 pages, 30 illustrations 

Strong, Reuben Myron 

A Bibliography of Birds, Finding Index, Zoological Series, volume 25, part 4, 
186 pages 



OTHER MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS 

Cosner, Winona, Lorain Stephens, and Others 

Swamp Dwellers, Museum Storybook (11 Museum Stories), 28 pages, 
13 illustrations, paperbound (second edition) 

General Guide, Chicago Natural History Museum, 48 pages, 32 illustrations, floor 
plans, map (thirty-eighth edition) 

Manly, Chesly 

One Billion Years at Our Doorstep, A Series of Six Articles on Chicago Natural 
History Museum Reprinted from the Chicago Tribune, 64 pages, 23 illustrations 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1958, 175 pages, 
25 illustrations 

Weaver, Dolla Cox 

And First, There Was Life in the Water, Museum Storybook (8 Museum 
Stories), 21 pages, 8 illustrations, 1 chart, paperbound 

101 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM BULLETIN 

Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, volume 30 (1959), 12 numbers, 
100 pages, illustrated 

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES AND REVIEWS BY STAFF MEMBERS OF CHICAGO NATURAL 
HISTORY MUSEUM ARE PRINTED IN VOLUME 30 OF THE BULLETIN: 

Blake, Emmet R. 

" 'Birds of the World' Nearing Completion," no. 12, p. 5, 1 illustration 
"Explorer Finds Rare Birds in Wilderness of Peru," no. 2, pp. 3, 6-7, 
3 illustrations, 1 map 

Changnon, Harry 

"Gem with Qualities of a Chameleon," no. 9, pp. 4-5, 2 illustrations 

Collier, Donald 

"Ancient Art of Western Mexico," no. 2, pp. 4-5, 11 illustrations (and 
cover picture) 

"Ancient Forerunner of Whistling Kettle," no. 4, p. 6, 1 illustration, 
1 diagram 

"A New Display of Ancient Mexican Art (900-500 B.C.), no. 6, p. 3, 

3 illustrations 

"Aztec Trade," no. 10, p. 5 

"Indian Art of Entire Western Hemisphere in Exhibit," no. 8, p. 3, 

1 illustration (also 15 illustrations on pp. 4-5 and cover picture) 

"New Aztec Diorama Completes Meso-American Hall," no. 9, pp. 3-4, 

4 illustrations (and cover picture) 

Davis, D. D wight 

"Centennial of Darwin's 'Origin of Species' Hailed," no. 11, pp. 3-4 (cover 

picture) 

"Through Rain-forests in Central Malaya," no. 6, pp. 6-7, 1 illustration 

Force, Roland W. 

"The Varied Peoples of Thousands of Pacific Isles," no. 5, pp. 6, 8 (cover 
picture) 

Forslev, Albert W. 

"Nature's Secret: Source of U. S. Diamonds," no. 10, pp. 5-6, 1 illustration, 

1 cartoon 

"New Exhibits Show Rapid Progress in Mineralogy," no. 4, pp. 3-4, 

1 illustration (and cover picture) 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

Review of British Mammals (by Maurice Burton), no. 4, p. 4 

Inger, Robert F. 

" 'Darkest Africa' Truly Is Glaringly Bright," no. 11, pp. 8-9 

Review of A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of the United States and 

Canada East of the 100th Meridian (by Robert Conant), no. 4, p. 4 

Jindrich, Marilyn 

" 'Rubbing' Against History and Culture of China," no. 12, pp. 3, 8, 

2 illustrations (and cover picture) 

"The Christmas Islands Defy Yule Tradition," no. 12, p. 6 

Just, Theodore 

"Darwin, an Orchid, and a Moth," no. 11, p. 5, 1 illustration 

" 'He Influenced the Course of Darwin's Life,' " no. 12, p. 4, 2 illustrations 

102 



THE MUSEUM BULLETIN (CONTINUED) 

Martin, Paul S. 

"Katchina Cult Traced Back to a.d. 1250," no. 9, pp. 7-8, 2 illustrations 
"Mystery of Handwriting on the Wall in Southwest," no. 11, pp. 6-7, 11, 
6 illustrations 
"The Discovery of America (circa 23,000 B.C.)," no. 4, p. 7, 1 illustration 

McAfee, Patricia 

"How Museum Aids Police in Criminal Investigation," no. 4, pp. 5-6, 
2 illustrations 

"Special Exhibit Shows Exotic Musical Instruments," no. 7, pp. 3, 6, 
2 illustrations 

Quimby, George I. 

" 'Feast of Dead' Released Hurons' Souls," no. 7, pp. 4, 6, 1 illustration 
"The Old Copper Indians and Their World," no. 1, pp. 4-5, 3 illustrations, 
2 maps 
"Upper Lakes Farmers and Artists, 100 B.C.," no. 3, pp. 6-7, 3 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Common Bird Names Are All Confused," no. 3, p. 4, 1 cartoon 
"Pity Poor Pigeon: Host to a Community," no. 8, pp. 6-7, 1 cartoon 

Rowell, Alfred Lee 

"Ancient Aztecs Had 'Commercial Artists,' " no. 10, pp. 4-5, 3 illustrations 

Smith, C. Earle, Jr. 

"A Personal Herbarium for the Home," no. 11, pp. 10-11, 2 illustrations 

Solem, Alan 

"Museum Collectors' Adventures in Panama," no. 6, p. 5, 2 illustrations 
Review of Sea Treasure, A Guide to Shell Collecting (by Kathleen Yerger 
Johnstone), no. 8, p. 7 

Solem, Alan, and Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. 
"Museum Acquires Museum," no. 8, p. 2 

Svoboda, Marie 

"Children's Journey on Giant Plants," no. 9, p. 7 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

"Research on Birds, Ticks, and Viruses," no. 7, p. 7 

Turnbull, William D. 

"Ant Colony Assists Fossil Collectors in Wyoming," no. 9, pp. 6-7, 
4 illustrations 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

"William J. Gerhard, 1873-1958," no. 1, p. 2, 1 illustration 

Woodbury, Richard B. 

Review of Digging into History (by Paul S. Martin), no. 6, p. 7 

Woodland, Bertram G. 

"Naming a Rock," no. 7, pp. 5-6, 1 illustration, 1 diagram 

Woods, Loren P. 

"A Survey of Fishes in an Illinois Stream," no. 1, pp. 6-7, 2 illustrations 
Review of A Century of Biological Research (Illinois Natural History Survey), 
no. 7, p. 2 

103 



OTHER PUBLICATION OF STAFF MEMBERS IN 1959 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY. 

Collier, Donald 

"El Desarollo de la Civilization Peruana," Revista Colombiana de Antro- 
pologia, vol. 8, pp. 273-287 

Review of Contemporary Pottery Techniques in Central and Southern Mexico 
(by George M. Foster), in American Antiquity, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 329 

Force, Roland W. 

"Palauan Money: Some Preliminary Comments on Material and Origins," 
The Journal of the Polynesian Society, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 40-44 

Lewis, Phillip H. 

"What Is Primitive Art?" WFMT Fine Arts Guide, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 6-9, 
24 illustrations 

Quimby, George I. 

"Lanceolate Points and Fossil Beaches in the Upper Great Lakes Region," 

American Antiquity, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 424-426 

"Silver Ornaments and the Indians," in Misceallenea Paul Rivet Octogenario 

Dictata [2 volumes] (XXXI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, Uni- 

versidad National Autonoma di Mexico, Mexico, D.F.), vol. 1, pp. 317-337 

Review of Geology of the Great Lakes (by Jack L. Hough), in American 

Antiquity, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 277-279 [with George M. Stanley] 

Review of Late Pleistocene Geochronology and the Paleo-Indian Penetration into 

Lower Michigan Peninsula (by Roland J. Mason), in American Antiquity, 

vol. 24, no. 3, p. 327 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Dahlgren, B. E. 

"A New Copernicia Hybrid from Cuba," Principes, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 87-90, 
1 table, 4 illustrations [with S. F. Glassman] 

Just, Theodore 

"Postglacial Vegetation of the North-Central United States: A Review," 

The Journal of Geology, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 228-238 

"Progress in Paleobotany, 1908-1958," Journal of Paleontology, vol. 33, no. 3, 

pp. 500-510 

"The American Midland Naturalist — A Living Tribute to Its Founder," The 

American Midland Naturalist (Cumulative Index Issue), vol. 60, no. 2, 

pp. 9-12 

"The Ecological Approach to Germfree Life Studies," Annals of the New York 

Academy of Sciences, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 371-374 

Smith, C. Earle, Jr. 

"Thomas Nuttall, 1786-1859: An Evaluation and Biography," Leaflets of 
Western Botany, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 33-42 [with John W. Thieret] 

Thieret, John W. 

"An English Obituary Account of Thomas Nuttall (Concluding Part)," 

Bartonia, no. 29, p. 10 [with C. Earle Smith, Jr.] 

"Grassland Vegetation Near Ft. Providence, Northwest Territories," The 

Canadian Field-Naturalist, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 161-167 

"Statistical Catalogue of Scrophulariaceae," in Catalogo e Estatica dos Generos 

Botanicos Fanerigamicos [J. Angely, editor] (published serially by Instituto 

Paranaense de Botanica, Curitiba, Brazil), vol. 49, pp. 3-10 

104 



OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF STAFF MEMBERS IN 1959 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Gilpin, Orville L. 

"A Free-standing Mount of Gorgosaurus," Curator, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 162-168 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

"Fossils," in The American Peoples Encyclopedia Yearbook, Events and Per- 
sonalities of 1958, p. 537 

Wiebe, MahJ* 

"Fiirsorge fur fremde Brut," Natur und Volk, vol. 89, no. 12, pp. 399-400 

Zangerl, Rainer 

"Rudimentare Carapaxbeschuppung bei jungen Examplaren von Caretto- 
chelys und ihre morphogenetische Bedeutung," Vierteljahresschrift der Natur- 
forschenden Gesellschaft in Zurich, Jahrgang 104 (Festschrift H. Steiner), 
pp. 138-147, 8 illustrations 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Blake, Emmet R. 

"A New Species of Todirostrum from Peru," Natural History Miscellanea 
[Chicago], no. 171, pp. 1-2 

"New and Rare Colombian Birds," Lozania, no. 11, pp. 1-10 

Davis, D. D wight 

"Karl Paterson Schmidt, 1890-1957," Copeia, 1959, pp. 189-192 
"Science Congress at Singapore," Science, vol. 129, pp. 1620-1621 

Grey, Marion 

"Descriptions of Newly Discovered Western Atlantic Specimens of Diceratias 
bispinosus Giinther and Paroneirodes wedli (Pietschmann)," Copeia, 1959, 
no. 3, pp. 225-228, 1 illustration 

"Three New Genera and One New Species of the Family Gonostomatidae," 
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 167-184, 
3 illustrations 

Haas, Fritz 

"Protection under the Plenary Powers of the Generic Name Anodonta 
Lamarck, 1799 (Class Pelecypoda), A Name Placed on the Official List of 
Generic Names in Zoology in 1926 by the Ruling Given in Opinion 94," 
Opinions and Declarations, International Commission on Zoological Nomen- 
clature, vol. 20, no. 28, pp. 303-310 

"Shells Collected by the Expedition," in An Anthropological Reconnaissance 
to West Pakistan 1955 (Henry Field), Papers, Peabody Museum of Archaeology 
and Ethnology, vol. 52, p. 228 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"A New Race of Red Brocket (Mazama americana) from Colombia," Pro- 
ceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 72, pp. 93-96 

"A New Species of South American Brocket, Genus Mazama (Cervidae)," 
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 72, pp. 45-54 

"Nomenclature and Taxonomy of the Neotropical Mammals Described by 
Olfers, 1818," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 337-353 
"The Metatarsal Glands in White-tailed Deer and Related Forms of the 
Neotropical Region," Mammalia, vol. 22, pp. 537-546 

105 



OTHER PUBLICATIONS BY STAFF MEMBERS IN 1959 

Inger, Robert F. 

Amphibians Exclusive of the Genera Afrixalus and Hyperolius (Exploration du 
Pare National de I'Upemba, volume 56), 264 pages [with Karl P. Schmidt] 
"Temperature Responses and Ecological Relations of Two Bornean Lizards," 
Ecology, vol. 40, pp. 127-136 

Koopman, Karl F. 

"Subfossil Mammals from the Bomez Farias Region and the Tropical Gradient 

of Eastern Mexico," Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 40, pp. 1-12 [with Paul S. 

Martin] 

"The Zoogeographical Limits of the West Indies," Journal of Mammalogy, 

vol. 40, 236-240 

Marx, Hyman 

"A Herpetological Collection from Northeastern Iraq," Transactions of the 
Kansas Academy of Science, vol. 62, pp. 91-122 [with Charles A. Reed] 
"A New Skink from Australia," Copeia, 1959, no. 3, pp. 207-208 [with 
William Hosmer] 

Nelson, Edward M. 

"The Cranial Anatomy of a Free-Living Pomacentrid 'Cyclopean,' " Copeia, 
1959, no. 2, pp. 152-156, 5 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Birds," in The American Peoples Encyclopedia Yearbook, Events and Per- 
sonalities of 1958, pp. 284-285 

"Late Records of the Cebu Golden-backed Hanging Parrakeet," Aviculture, 
vol. 65, pp. 177-178 

"Notes on Some Philippine Bulbuls," The Auk, vol. 76, pp. 102-104 [with 
D. S. Rabor] 

"Pitch Plastering of the Red-breasted Nuthatch," Audubon Magazine, vol. 61, 
pp. 270-272, 2 illustrations 

Roscoe, Ernest J. 

"An Additional Record of Lymnaea auricularia from Utah," Gastropodia, 
vol. 1, no. 3, p. 23, 2 illustrations 

Solem, Alan 

"Marine Mollusca of the New Hebrides," Pacific Science, vol. 13, no. 3, 
pp. 253-268, 1 table 

Notes on Mexican Mollusks, II (Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, 
University of Michigan, number 611), 15 pages, 2 illustrations, 3 tables 
"On the Family Position of Some Palau, New Guinea, and Queensland Snails," 
Archiv fur Molluskenkunde, vol. 88, pp. 151-158, 4 illustrations 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 

"A New Race of Weaver Bird, Ploceus intermedius," Natural History Miscel- 
lanea [Chicago], no. 169, pp. 1-2 

"The Systematics of the African Grey Tits, Parus afer and Parus griseiven- 
tris," Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, vol. 79, pp. 42-46 [with 
Mrs. B. P. Hall] 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

"William J. Gerhard, 1873-1958," Annals of the Entomological Society of 
America, vol. 52, pp. 339-340, 1 illustration 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Parahollardia schmidti, A New Triacanthodid Fish from the Western Carib- 
bean," Copeia, 1959, no. 3, pp. 222-225, 1 illustration 

106 



MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENGINEERING 

The work of installation and reinstallation in various exhibition 
halls throughout the Museum necessarily took a great amount of 
the time and effort of the maintenance and engineering personnel. 
The special exhibit "Indian Art of the Americas" (see page 25) 
required the erection of special hallcases, bases, and canopies in 
Stanley Field ^lall. Special bases were prepared for installation of 
the fossil stump in Hall 26 (Botany, see page 57) and for reinstalla- 
tion of certain fossil specimens in Hall 38 (Geology, see page 65), 
which required glass panels. 

A major rearrangement in the Department of Geology required 
the installation of 87 new steel storage-cases to house fossil material 
in the research collections. In addition, 2,000 trays for storage- 
cases were made in the Museum's shops, and 15 five-drawer map 
units were installed. The picnic room was remodeled to provide 
better ventilation and to increase the general attractiveness of the 
entire area (see page 98). Many other improvements that increase 
efficiency in laboratories and workrooms were completed through- 
out the Museum. In addition, the usual efficiency of painters, 
janitors, and others involved in the service of cleaning and refur- 
bishing the Museum has kept the building at the high standard of 
cleanliness that so often evokes comment from our visitors. 

Exterior maintenance of the building included tuckpointing the 
north and south steps as well as the areaways both at ground- 
floor and third-floor levels. The blacktop areas of the terraces 
north and south of the building were recoated, and work was done 
near the west door to counteract the effect of settling. The con- 
tinuous inspection of the building and the planning and supervision 
of its maintenance and care by James R. Shouba, Superintendent, 
insure maximum safety and cleanliness throughout. 

The floodlighting of the building (see page 21) was a culmination 
of long and careful planning by William E. Lake, Chief Engineer of 
the Museum. Plans included running new power lines from the 
transformers to a main control-panel located in the switchboard 
room from where current was distributed to six small panels placed 
at various points on the ground floor, and from these panels cir- 
cuits were run to the various outlets outside the building. To pre- 
vent corrosion and also to prevent staining the marble walls, alum- 
inum conduit was used throughout. To complete this project 330 
floodlight fixtures and several miles of wire were required. After 
careful testing, the floodlighting was formally displayed to the public 
on the evening of June 16. 

107 



Another major project in the Division of Engineering was the 
installation of a third boiler to replace a boiler that had been in- 
stalled in the building before 1920. The old boiler had been used 
in recent years only for short periods, and careful appraisal in- 
dicated that it could no longer be operated at the high pressures 
used in the two newer boilers installed ten years ago. Therefore it 
was removed, and new equipment was installed that could be used 
either independently or with the other boilers. Work was begun 
on the removal of the old boiler in June, and the new boiler was 
ready for service early in December. 

In the summer months routine cleaning, inspection, and replace- 
ment of parts were completed for boilers, pumps, and other ma- 
chinery. Two of the two-inch steam lines feeding steam to Hall 4 
(Anthropology) and Hall 16 (Zoology) were found to be in bad 
condition and were replaced with new pipe and re-covered. Other 
steam-line and plumbing maintenance was taken care of as required. 

During the year new slim-line fixtures were installed in Hall 4 
(Anthropology) to improve lighting. Lighting of exhibit cases was 
completed in Hall 8 (Anthropology) and in Hall 26 (Botany). Gas 
lights formerly used to mark the exits in James Simpson Theatre 
were replaced with new approved electrical units. Switches on the 
main switchboard were replaced to elmininate any possible loss of 
current by improper contact. 

Under existing contracts with the John G. Shedd Aquarium and 
the Chicago Park District, a total of 11,673,350 pounds of steam 
was furnished to the Aquarium and a total of 17,132,794 pounds of 
steam was furnished to the Park District. A total of 64,776,350 
pounds of steam was generated, 35,970,206 pounds of this amount 
being used to heat the Museum building. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 



Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 



108 



ATTENDANCE STATISTICS 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

LIST OF ACCESSIONS 

LIST OF MEMBERS 



ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION 
AMENDED BY-LAWS 




WAR 
SHIELD 

CROW 
MONTANA 

DIAMETER 

23 

INCHES 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE 
STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1959 AND 1958 

1959 1958 

Total attendance 1,075,426 1,049,401 

Paid attendance 157,643 161,593 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 53,662 45,106 

Schoolchildren 166,298 156,469 

Teachers 10,883 8,955 

Members of the Museum 756 708 

Service men and women 840 811 

Special meetings and occasions 3,640 3,519 

Press 43 41 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 141,491 (51) 131,665 

Saturdays (52) 251,262 (52) 246,379 

Sundays (52) 288,908 (52) 294,155 

Highest attendance on any day 

(November 28) 13,888 (November 29) 15,133 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(January 5) 149 (January 6) 244 

Highest paid attendance (September 7) . . . 3,236 (September 1) 3,332 

Average daily admissions (363 days) 2,963 (363 days) 2,891 

Average paid admissions (207 days) 765 (208 days) 777 

Number of picture postcards sold 278,682 247,866 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular), General Guide, and 

photographs; checkroom receipts $ 35,179 $ 29,675 

111 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR THE YEARS 1959 AND 1958 



GENERAL OPERATING FUND 

RECEIPTS: 1959 1958 

Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 386,590 $ 376,185 

From investments in real estate 406,801 428,280 

$ 793,391 $ 804,465 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 379,249 $ 232,406 

Annual and sustaining memberships 29,340 28,925 

Admissions 39,411 40,398 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose contri- 
butions 80,574 69,573 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expenditures (contra) 247,622 222,741 

$1,569,587 $1,398,508 

EXPENDITURES: 

Operating expenses — 

Departmental operating expenses $ 633,983 $ 548,329 

General operating expenses 493,319 438,007 

Building repairs and alterations _ 97,321 127,997 

$1,224,623 $1,114,333 

Collections — 

Purchases and expedition costs $ 81,873 $ 191,899 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 23,210 10,884 

Pension and employees' benefits 81,879 73,240 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000 10,000 

Nonrecurring expenditures — 

Purchase and installation of boiler 

Amount paid in 1959 $ 99,452 

($20,000 additional to be paid in 1960) 
Exterior lighting of Museum building 49,300 



$1,570,337 $1,400,356 

DEFICIT FOR YEAR $ 750 $ 1,848 



AUDITOR'S CERTIFICATE APPEARS ON FOLLOWING PAGE 

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 



112 



CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS 
AND EXPENDITURES-CURRENT FUNDS 

FOR THE YEARS 1959 AND 1958 (CONTINUED) 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL 
EXTENSION FUND 

1959 

Income from endowments $ 31,120 

Expenditures __ 28,213 

SURPLUS FOR THE YEAR $ 2,907 



1958 

30,106 

27,178 



$ 2,928 



OTHER RESTRICTED FUNDS 

RECEIPTS: 1959 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments .... $ 74,367 

Contributions for specified purposes 54,187 

Operating Fund appropriations for mechanical 

plant depreciation (contra) 10,000 

Sundry receipts _ 63,541 

$ 202,095 

expenditures: 

Transferred to Operating Fund to apply against 

expenditures (contra) $ 247,622 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 70,000 

(Gain) loss on sale of securities _ (7,161 ) 

$ 310,461 

excess of expenditures over receipts $ (108,366) 



1958 

71,193 
12,491 

10,000 
72,966 



$ 166,650 



$ 222,741 

52,000 

3,763 

$ 278,504 

$ (111,854) 



The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

In our opinion, the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the year 
ended December 31, 1959, in conformity with generally accepted accounting prin- 
ciples applied on the same basis as in the preceding year. Our examination of the 
statement was made in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, and 
accordingly included such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing 
procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
February 1, 1960 



113 



OPERATING FUND RECEIPTS— TEN-YEAR SUMMARY 

(in thousands of dollars) 



RECEIPTS: 

$000 Omitted 



$1,600 



1,400- 



1,300 



1,100 



1,000 



600' 



500' 



ISSlS 



i '''-J 



1 29 g 



^^ 



I107J 




1 04 
$93$ 

i 



1:11 



m 



S105 

169 



S 1 1 2 5 



I 91 1 



5 122 5 



Il08 I 




i n i.i 

III 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 1 1 I 



I 



1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 

Investment Income M Restricted Funds Tronsferred 

Real Estate Income C$c$o3 ,ner Operating Receipts 



'': Chicago Park District Tax Collections 



114 



OPERATING FUND EXPENDITURES— TEN-YEAR SUMMARY 



(in thousands of dollars) 



EXPENDITURES: 

$000 Omitted 




1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 



Salaries and Wages (Other Than Building Maintenance) 
Building Repairs and Alterations (Wages) 
Building Repairs and Alterations (Others) 



Collections and Exhibits 
Other Operating Expenditures 



115 



USE DURING 1959 OF SPECIAL FUNDS 
CONTRIBUTED IN FORMER YEARS 

Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation 

Cost of Museum lecture series $ 4,087.55 

Subsidy to publication program 1,559.39 

Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to publication program 1,434.13 

Mrs. T. B. Blackstone Fund 

Purchase of specimens 900.00 

Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoological Fund 

Purchase of specimens 539.20 

William J. and Joan A. Chalmers Trust Fund 

Purchase of specimens 50.00 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

Purchase of specimens 436.40 

Scientific conferences 450.00 

Field trips 276.40 

Conover Game-Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,602.00 

Field trips 3,777.60 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 

Fellowship grant to Alfredo Evangelista 1,215.00 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance costs 8,336.82 

Subsidy to Pension Fund 7,542.46 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 
Preparation, care, and distribution of exhibits 

to schools of Chicago 28,212.78 

Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge 

Belgian Congo expedition 4,224.26 

The Johnson Foundation 

Research on waxy palms 2,721.00 

Library FuNDf 

Purchase of books and periodicals 3,521.19 

National Science Foundation 

Research subsidies (various) 20,699.47 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 
Children's Lecture Fund 

Subsidy to public school and children's lecture program 33,216.35 

Donald Richards Fund 

Subsidy to crytogamic botanical research 1,996.20 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Field trip to Washakie Basin 1,488.28 

Karl P. Schmidt Fund 

Study grants 197.60 

DeWitt Van Evera Purchase Fund 

Purchase of ethnological portraits 4.700.00 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which they 
were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than $12,000,000 
of contributed endowment funds was used in general Museum operation. 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, and 
Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald 

116 



Contributions and Bequests 



Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested: 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 



117 



ACCESSIONS 1959 



DEPARTMENT OF 
ANTHROPOLOGY 

Bahr, Miss Edna H., Ridgefield, 
Connecticut: archaeological materials — 
China (gift) 

Baker, Mrs. Joel, Nashville, Ohio: 
Manchurian lady's costume — China 
(gift) 

Barrymore, Jay, Chicago: amulets 
—Egypt (gift) 

Bascom, Dr. William R., Berkeley, 
California: 8 ethnological objects — 
West Africa (gift) 

Bujak, Walter, Cleveland: repro- 
duction of rubbing of Maya stone disc 
(gift) 

Carlock, Mrs. Lyman, Oak Park, 
Illinois: 41 ethnological objects — China, 
Japan, and Philippine Islands (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1959): 1,212 stone, bone, and shell arti- 
facts, 4 skeletons, 25 restorable pottery 
vessels, 15,000 sherds 

Purchases: Osage skirt, 9 Tibetan 
books and handwritten Tibetan manu- 
script, 2 African masks and 1 leg orna- 
ment, 21 paintings of South American 
Indians, archaeological and ethnologi- 
cal specimens from China 

Transfer: slab of invertebrate fossils 
with Chinese poem engraved on one side 
— from Department of Geology, Chi- 
cago Natural History Museum (see 
Annual Report 1926 [vol. 7, no. 1, 1927], 
page 111, Accessions, Department of 
Geology, "Bahr, A. W.") 

Force, Dr. Roland W., Chesterton, 
Indiana: 2 knives, 1 spear — Burma (gift) 

Fuchs, Louis H., Chicago: ethnolog- 
ical materials — Philippine Islands and 
China (gift) 

Fuller, Captain and Mrs. A. W. F., 
London: greenstone hei tiki — New Zea- 
land (gift) 

Gilchrist, Mrs. John Foster, Chi- 
cago : pottery figurine — Mexico (gift) 

Graham, Dr. David C, Englewood, 
Colorado: archaeological and ethnolog- 
ical specimens — China (gift) 



Haldeman, Mrs. Walter, Cape 
May, New Jersey: Mandarin coat — 
China (gift) 

Harris, Mrs. Robert, Oak Park, 
Illinois: photographic slides (gift) 

MacKinlay, Miss Alice, Chicago: 
pottery effigy receptacle — southwestern 
United States (gift) 

MacNab, Charles, Chicago: 34 pro- 
jectile points, 4 scrapers — Saudi Arabia 
(gift) 

McNamara, Mrs. Robert C, Win- 
netka, Illinois: 3 pottery vessels — Ari- 
zona (gift) 

Norem, Mr. and Mrs. Laurence, 
Hubbard Woods, Illinois: ethnological 
materials — India, China, and Japan 
(gift) 

Pope, Miss Katherine, Chicago: 4 
wooden foodbowls — Polynesia (gift) 

Raymond, Dr. Albert, Northfield, 
Illinois: replica of petroglyph (gift) 

Rucavado, Mrs. Harold, Tucson, 
Arizona: 22 archaeological specimens — 
Costa Rica (gift) 

Smartz, Miss Sarah, Chicago: burial 
mat — Solomon Islands (gift) 

Wielgus, Raymond, Chicago: shield 
and mask — Melanesia (exchange) ; drum 
— New Guinea (gift) 

Wiltsee, E. T., Centerburg, Ohio: 
water basket — New Mexico (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF 
BOTANY 

Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 91 speci- 
mens of vascular plants (21 as gift and 
70 as exchange) 

Aristiguieta, Dr. Leandro, Cara- 
cas, Venezuela: specimen of Sloanea 
grandiftora (gift) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
4,809 specimens of vascular plants (gift) 

Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Hono- 
lulu: 3 specimens of woody plants (gift) 

Botanical Museum of the Univer- 
sity, Copenhagen, Denmark: 204 bryo- 
phytes (exchange) 



118 



BOTANISCHER GARTEN UND MUSEUM, 

Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: 258 speci- 
mens of flowering plants (exchange) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 290 specimens of vascu- 
lar plants and 86 specimens of fungi 
(exchange) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 173 specimens of flower- 
ing plants (exchange) 

Canada Department of Agricul- 
ture, Ottawa, Ontario: 433 specimens 
of vascular plants (exchange) 

Centro Nacional de Agronomia, 
Santa Tecla, El Salvador: 297 speci- 
mens of vascular plants (exchange) 

Chicago Academy of Sciences, Chi- 
cago: specimen of Asimina triloba (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret and 
Robert J. Reich (Northern Great Plains 
Botanical Field Trip, 1959) : 5,000 speci- 
mens of vascular plants, 275 specimens 
of cryptogams, 110 wood samples, 13 
seed samples 

Purchases: 180 specimens of bryo- 
phytes — Arkansas and Missouri; 224 
specimens of ferns — Malaya; 371 speci- 
mens of flowering plants — Mexico; 1,051 
specimens of vascular plants — South 
Africa 

Dahlgren, R., London: specimen of 
Juncus (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida: 3 specimens of fungi (gift) 

Fisheries Research Board, Lon- 
don, Ontario, Canada: 15 specimens of 
flowering plants (gift) 

Florida Agricultural Experiment 
Station, Gainesville: 43 specimens of 
Zephyranthes (exchange) 

Forest Products Laboratory, 
Madison, Wisconsin: 81 specimens of 
woody plants (exchange) 

Gibson, Mrs. Dorothy, Chicago: 82 
specimens of vascular plants (gift) 

Goteborgs Botaniska Tradgard, 
Gothenburg, Sweden: 203 specimens of 
vascular plants (exchange) 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 109 specimens of ferns and 
fern allies (exchange) 

Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 5 specimens of cryptogams 
(gift) 

Hawkes, Dr. J. G., Birmingham, 
England: 292 specimens of vascular 
plants (gift) 



Illinois Natural History Survey, 
Urbana: specimen of Trichomanes (ex- 
change) 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield: 
specimen of Heteranthera dubia (ex- 
change) 

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
da Amazonia, Belem, Brazil: 63 speci- 
mens of Lentibulariaceae (gift) 

Jamaica, The Institute of, Kings- 
ton, British West Indies: 61 specimens 
of vascular plants (exchange) 

Kausel, Dr. Eberhard, Santiago, 
Chile: 42 specimens of flowering plants 
(exchange) 

Magill College Herbarium, Mon- 
treal, Quebec, Canada: 3 specimens of 
flowering plants (gift) 

Maheshwari, Professor P., Delhi, 
India: vial of Lemna paucicostata and 
vial of Wolffia microscopica (gift) 

Ministerio de Agricultura, San- 
tiago, Chile: 23 photographs of palms 
(gift) 

Minnesota, University of, Minne- 
apolis: 115 specimens of vascular plants 
(exchange) 

Montreal, University of, Mon- 
treal, Quebec, Canada: 117 specimens 
of vascular plants (exchange) 

Museum National d'Histoire Nat- 
urelle, Paris: 127 specimens of mosses 
(exchange) 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Vien- 
na, Austria: 100 specimens of crypto- 
gams (exchange) 

Nelson, Dr. Edward M., Chicago: 

20 specimens of flowering plants (gift) 
New York Botanical Garden, New 

York: 289 specimens of vascular plants 
(exchange) 
Palser, Dr. Barbara F., Chicago: 

21 specimens of Ericaceae and 5 speci- 
mens of miscellaneous flowering plants 
(gift) 

Pfister, Professor A., Conception, 
Chile: 10 specimens of vascular plants 
(exchange) 

Sanderson, Milton W., Urbana, 
Illinois: 58 specimens of vascular plants 
(gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Hastings, 
Michigan: 35 specimens of flowering 
plants (gift) 

Smith, Dr. C. Earle, Jr., Oak Park, 
Illinois: 1,101 specimens of flowering 
plants (gift) 

Soukup, J., Lima, Peru: 14 specimens 
of flowering plants (gift) 



119 



Swink, Floyd A., Willow Springs, 
Illinois: 236 specimens of vascular plants 
(gift) 

Sylvester, C. A., Evanston, Illinois: 
81 specimens of flowering plants (gift) 

Tiffany, Dr. Hanford, Evanston, 
Illinois: 10 specimens of flowering plants 
(gift) 

Universidad Autonoma de San Luis 
Potosi, San Luis Potosi, Mexico: 86 
specimens of vascular plants (exchange) 

Watson, Joseph, New Albany, Indi- 
ana: 240 specimens of vascular plants 
(exchange) 

Webb, Dr. Edward F., Skokie, Illi- 
nois: 77 specimens of vascular plants 
and 17 specimens of cryptogams (gift) 

Williams, Dr. Louis O., Beltsville, 
Maryland : 3 specimens of Tetrorchidium 
and 25 pamphlets (gift) 

Wilson, Archie F., Summit, New 
Jersey: 57 wood specimens (exchange) 

Wisconsin, University of, Madison: 
288 specimens of vascular plants (ex- 
change) 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 91 
wood samples and 23 specimens of wood 
plants (exchange) 



DEPARTMENT OF 
GEOLOGY 

Alf, Raymond, Claremont, Califor- 
nia: fragments of fossil mammals and 
reptiles — Nebraska (gift) 

American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York: fossil-fish fragments — 
Ohio (exchange) 

Anonymous: fragments of fossil mam- 
mals — Greece (gift) 

Baldwin, Mrs. Faith E., Chicago: 
opal locket (gift) 

Berry, Dr. S. Stillman, Redlands, 
California: fossil clam and snails — Mon- 
tana (gift) 

Blackburn, Joseph, El Paso, Texas: 
fossil tooth of shark — Texas (gift) 

Burg, E., Chicago: native copper — 
Wisconsin (gift) 

Canright, Dr. James E., Blooming- 
ton, Indiana: fossil insect — Nova Scotia 
(gift) 

Carr, R. (address lacking) : cephalo- 
pod — Texas (gift) 



Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
and Orville L. Gilpin (Idaho Paleontolog- 
ical Field Trip, 1959) : fossil invertebrates 
and fossil fishes — British Columbia 

Collected by Albert W. Forslev 
(Southwest Mineralogical Field Trip, 
1959): minerals and insect-bearing con- 
cretions — California 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(Northern Great Plains Botanical Field 
Trip, 1959): fossil gastropod — Canada 

Collected by William D. Turnbull and 
Ronald J. Lambert (Wyoming Paleon- 
tological Field Trip, 1959): fossil inver- 
tebrates and fossil vertebrates — Wyo- 
ming 

Purchase: Robert Somerville Collec- 
tion of fossil mammals — China 

Transfer: fossil snail — from Depart- 
ment of Zoology, Chicago Natural His- 
tory Museum (see Annual Report 1958, 
page 73 [nonmarine shells collected by 
the late A. C. Billups] and page 122 
[Accessions, Department of Zoology, 
"Purchases"]) 

Christensen, Earl, Hammond, In- 
diana: mineral (gift) 

Darrow, David L., Peoria, Illinois: 
fossil coral — Illinois (gift) 

Doerrer, Mrs. Ethel, Tinley Park, 
Illinois: fossil shrimp and trilobites — 
various localities (gift) 

Dreger, Peter H., Chicago: trilo- 
bite — Illinois (gift) 

Hahn, Arthur, Chicago: fossil 
cephalopod — Illinois (gift) 

Henderson, Dr. Edward P., Wash- 
ington, D.C.: slice of Bonita Spring 
meteorite — Florida (gift) 

Hinds, Harold, Portland, Oregon: 
partial skeleton of fossil salamander — 
Oregon (gift) 

Hough, Dr. Jean, Brooklyn: fossil 
leg-bone of mammal (Arctoryctes gal- 
breathi) — North Dakota (gift) 

Houston, Robert E., Greenville, 
Mississippi: fossil-mammal fragments 
and mineral— from bed of Mississippi 
River (gift) 

Jahns, William (address lacking): 
fragments of fossil mammal — Illinois 
(gift) 

Johnson, Joseph L., Peoria, Illinois: 
fossil coral — Illinois (gift) 

Konizeski, Dr. Richard, Missoula, 
Montana: fragments of fossil mammals 
and fossil lizard scute — Montana (gift) 



120 



Leutze, Dr. Willard P., Richmond, 
Indiana: euryp tends and fossil fishes — 
various localities (gift) 

Lipkowitz, Irving, New Rochelle, 
New York: minerals — various localities 
(gift) 

Lubking, Mr. and Mrs. John, Du- 
cor, California: fossil snails — California 
(gift) 

Moore, Michael, Hinsdale, Illinois: 
fossil fishscale and anthracite coal (gift) 

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 
di Milano, Milan, Italy: fossil fishes — 
Italy (open exchange) 

Nicholas, Albert, Chicago: mineral 
—Poland (gift) 

Nielsen, Dr. Eigel, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: cast of skull of Eocene turtle 
(gift) 

Pivorunas, August, Chicago: fossil 
pelecypods — Illinois (gift) 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., 
Gurnee, Illinois: fossil fishes and fossil 
plants — Illinois (gift) 

Seifert, Martin, Carrollton, Texas: 
fossil invertebrates — Texas (gift) 

Thatcher, Mrs. C. E., Brookfield, 
Illinois: mineral (gift) 

Tricomi (full name lacking), Chicago: 
mineral — Ontario (gift) 

WHITFD3LD, DR. AND MRS. ROBERT H. f 

Evanston, Illinois: fossil plants — vari- 
ous localities (gift) 

William J. Chalmers Crystal Fund: 
minerals — various localities (purchase) 

Wilmer, R. E., Aiken, South Caro- 
lina: mineral chip — North Carolina (gift) 

Wollin, Jay, Morton Grove, Illinois: 
echinoid spines — Kansas (gift) 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, 
Illinois: casts of five turtles (Glarichelys 
knorri) (gift) 



DEPARTMENT OF 
ZOOLOGY 

Academy of Sciences, Zoological 
Institute, Leningrad, U.S.S.R.: 62 rep- 
tiles and amphibians — Central and 
Western Asia (U.S.S.R.) (exchange) 

American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York: 2 birds — Argentina 
and Brazil (exchange) ; 186 reprints (for 
Reprint Library, Division of Mammals) 
(exchange) 



Andris, Miss Sophie, Chicago: fox 
squirrel — Illinois (gift) 

Barbosa, Ivete, Pernambuco, Bra- 
zil: 50 inland shells — Brazil (gift) 

Basch, Paul F., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 25 nonmarine snails — Guatemala 
(gift) 

Beetle, Mrs. Dorothy E., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 130 nonmarine landshells — 
Bighorn Mountains (gift) 

Berry, Dr. S. Stillman, Redlands, 
California: 763 snails and clams — west- 
ern North America (gift) 

Biraben, Dr. M. I. Hylton Scott de, 
La Plata, Argentina: 7 lots of landshells 
— Argentina (exchange) 

Blake, Miss Peggy, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: bird — Illinois (gift) 

Bokerman, Dr. Werner C. A., Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: 111 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Brazil and Argentina (exchange) 

Bott, Mrs. W. G., Arlington Heights, 
Illinois: 59 sets of seashells — Florida 
and West Indies (gift) 

Brand, Dr. Louis, Houston: seashell 
— Australia (exchange) 

Briggs, Dr. John C, Vancouver, 
British Columbia, Canada: fish — Mex- 
ico (gift) 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London: 3 frogs — Borneo (ex- 
change); 219 reprints (gift to Reprint 
Library, Division of Mammals) 

Burch, Mrs. Rose, Los Angeles: 
cowry — Cook Islands (gift) 

Burkhart, Mrs. Harriet, Union 
City, Pennsylvania: 17 shells — Jamaica 
(gift) 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: frog — Ryukyu Islands 
(exchange) 

California at Los Angeles, Uni- 
versity of, Los Angeles: approximately 
900 fishes — various localities (gift) 

Campos R., Dr. Francisco, Guaya- 
quil, Ecuador: 5 bats — Ecuador (gift) 

Carneghs Museum, Pittsburgh: 149 
birds — various localities (exchange) 

Chace, Emery P., San Diego: 30 land- 
snails — Clipperton and Guadeloupe (gift) 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane, 
Washington, D.C.: 8 paintings by chim- 
panzees, 2 paintings by a child (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Emmet R. Blake (Con- 
over Peru Expedition, 1958): 35 fishes, 
8 reptiles and amphibians, 978 bird- 
skins, 8 mammals — Peru 



121 



Collected by D. Dwight Davis (Ma- 
laya Zoological Field Trip, 1958-59): 
approximately 200 lower invertebrates, 
98 reptiles and amphibians, 13 mam- 
mals — Singapore and Malaya 

Collected by Henry S. Dybas and Dr. 
Alan Solem (Panama Zoological Field 
Trip, 1959): approximately 7,000 lower 
invertebrates, approximately 22,000 in- 
sects and allies, 40 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Panama and Canal Zone 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Great 
Smokies Zoological Field Trip, 1959): 
26 lots of inland shells — North Carolina 

Collected by Dr. Robert F. Inger 
(Belgian Congo Zoological Expedition, 
1959): 15 frogs — Belgian Congo 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
zoological field work, 1959): 85 reptiles 
and amphibians, 2,015 birds — Luzon 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(Northern Great Plains Botanical Field 
Trip, 1959): 2 fishes— Canada 

Collected by William D. Turnbull 
(Wyoming Paleontological Field Trip, 
1959): horse skeleton, sheep skeleton, 
horse skull — Washakie Basin 

Collected by Kjell von Sneidern (Co- 
lombia Zoological Expedition, 1958): 
851 ectoparasites, 421 birds, 336 mam- 
mals — Colombia 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel and 
Rodger D. Mitchell (Guatemala Zoolog- 
ical Expedition, 1948): 12,791 insects- 
Guatemala 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (local 
field work, 1959) 15 fishes — Lake Mich- 
igan; (Co-operative Field Work with 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service 
in the West Indies, 1959) 2,298 fishes- 
West Indies, 3 birds — Florida Straits 

Purchases: 38 mammals; 604 birds, 
13,270 insects, 338 fishes, approximately 
25,000 reptiles and amphibians, approx- 
imately 72,000 lower invertebrates 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 6 reptiles and amphibians, 
2 birds, 11 mammals — various localities 
(gift) 

Chin, Phui Kong, Jesselton, North 
Borneo: 104 fishes, 17 frog larvae — 
North Borneo (gift) 

Cincinnati, University of, Cincin- 
nati: 2 birds — Chili (exchange) 

Cobb, N. A., and Dean L. Murray, 
Battle Creek, Michigan (Cobb-Murray 
Expedition to India, 1958): 25 birds, 46 
mammals — India (gift) 

Collings, Steve, Rockville, Indiana: 
about 200 millipedes — Indiana (gift) 



Colorado, University of, Boulder: 
62 nonmarine snails — worldwide (gift) 

Darnell, Dr. R. M., Milwaukee: 
approximately 4,300 lower invertebrates 
— Louisiana (gift); 5 fishes — Wisconsin 
(gift) 

Dominion Museum, Wellington, New 
Zealand : 3 birds — New Zealand (gift) 

Donovan, J. W., Palm Beach, Flor- 
ida: snail — Tanganyika (gift) 

Eigsti, W. E., Hastings, Nebraska: 
19 fleas, 4 ticks — Nebraska (gift); 1 bird 
— Borneo (gift) 

Eyerdam, Walter J., Seattle: 2 lots 
of pearly freshwater mussels — Washing- 
ton (gift) 

Farber, Mrs. Maude A., Beverly 
Hills, Illinois: duck-billed platypus — 
New South Wales (gift) 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 
Florida : 2 landshells — Arabia (gift) 

Fleming, Dr. Robert L., Kathman- 
du, Nepal: 110 birdskins — Nepal (gift) 

Florida State Board of Conser- 
vation Marine Laboratory, St. Peters- 
burg: 3 fishes — off Florida (gift) 

French, N. R., Idaho Falls, Idaho: 
7 birds, 1 mammal — Ecuador (gift) 

Fuchs, L. H., Downers Grove, Illi- 
nois: 2 pairs of deer antlers — Philippine 
Islands (gift) 

Graybeal, Richard, Great Lakes, 
Illinois: about 250 nonmarine shells — 
Idaho and California (gift) 

Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 17 insects — Europe (gift) 

Hendrickson, Dr. John R., Singa- 
pore, Malaya: 1 fish, 98 frogs, 12 turtles 
— Malaya (gift) 

Hershkovitz, Philip, South Holland, 
Illinois: 180 reprints (gift to Reprint 
Library, Division of Mammals) 

Hoger, C. E., St. Louis: 6 landshells 
— Illinois (gift) 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
221 insects — Near and Middle East, 
Portugal, Egypt, North Africa, and 
Brazil (gift); 145 reptiles and amphib- 
ians, 859 birds, 202 mammals — Egypt 
(gift) 

Hoy, Gunnar, Salta, Argentina: 408 
birds — Argentina (gift) 

Hubricht, Leslie, Catonsville, Mary- 
land: 27 landshells — New York (gift) 

Hurd, Dr. Paul D., Jr., Berkeley, 
California: 11 bees — United States and 
Central and South America (gift) 



122 



Inahara, Nobuo, Osaka, Japan: 109 
histerid beetles — Japan (exchange) 

Institut Royal des Sciences Nat- 
urelles de Belgique, Brussels: 2,185 
frogs — Belgian Congo (exchange) 

Jackson, Ralph W., Cambridge, 
Maryland: approximately 100 nonma- 
rine "mollusks — worldwide (exchange) 

Kalinowski, Celestino, Iquitos, 
Peru: 397 insects — Peru (gift) 

Kennedy, Miss Bess, Grafton, West 
Virginia: pair of miniature ivory dogs 
carved by Carl E. Akeley (gift) 

Knull, Dr. J. N., Columbus, Ohio: 
27 beetles — southwestern United States 
(gift) 

Koopman, Dr. Karl, Chicago: 45 re- 
prints (gift to Reprint Library, Division 
of Mammals) 

Kosswig, Dr. C, Hamburg, Ger- 
many: 8 lizards — Iraq (exchange) 

Kovacik, Frank, Indian River City, 
Florida: scarab beetle — Florida (gift) 

Krauss, Dr. N. L. H., Honolulu: 21 
histerid beetles — Ceyon (exchange); 51 
reptiles and amphibians — Washington, 
Panama, New Caledonia, New Heb- 
rides, India, Ceylon, Indochina, and 
Philippine Islands (gift); 1 eel — Pana- 
ma (gift) 

Kuntz, Dr. Robert E., care of APO, 
San Francisco: 497 reptiles and amphib- 
ians — Formosa, Orchid Island (near 
Formosa), and Philippine Islands (ex- 
change); 809 mollusks — Formosa (gift) 

Laird, Dr. Marshall, Quebec, Can- 
ada: 36 lizards— Tokelau (gift) 

Liem, Dr. Karel F., Urbana, Illi- 
nois: 46 frogs — Java (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 2 rep- 
tiles, 1 bird, 2 mammals — various local- 
ities (gift) 

Lopes, H. de Sousa, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 30 inland shells — Brazil (gift) 

Malaria Survey and Control 
Branch, Fort Clayton, Panama Canal 
Zone: 427 batfiies — Panama (gift) 

Many, Master Charles, New Or- 
leans: 12 landsnails — North Carolina 
(gift) 

Mauer, Mrs. J. T., Chicago: 16 
moths — Michigan (gift) 

McNamara, Mrs. R. E., Kirkwood, 
Missouri : 68 mollusks — Missouri (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Museum 
of Zoology, Ann Arbor: 21 landsnails 
— Central and South America (exchange) ; 
6 fishes — Mexico (exchange) 



Mitchell, Dr. Rodger D., Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 3 wa termites — Vermont 
(gift) 

Moseley, Mrs. Spencer, Barring- 
ton, Illinois: snailshell — Australia (ex- 
change) 

Musee Royal du Congo Belge, 
Tervuren, Belgium: 57 fishes — Belgian 
Congo (exchange); 48 frogs — Belgian 
Congo and Angola (exchange) 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 
bird — Argentina (exchange) 

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, 
Genoa, Italy: 7 frogs, 5 lizards — Burma, 
Indo-Australia, and Uganda (exchange) 

Museum and Art Gallery, Durban, 
Union of South Africa: 127 birds — 
South Africa (exchange) ; 3 birds — South 
Africa (gift) 

Museum G. Frey, Munich, Germany: 
208 beetles — Palaearctic Region (ex- 
change) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: bird — Pan- 
ama (exchange) 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 658 birds, 690 mammals — United 
States (gift) 

Parker, Mrs. Winton, Kirkwood, 
Missouri: 20 mollusks — Missouri (gift) 

Pasteur, Dr. Georges, Rabat, Mo- 
rocco: 64 reptiles and amphibians — 
French Morocco (exchange) 

Perret, Dr. Jean-Luc, Foulassi 
Sangmelima, Cameroun, French West 
Africa: 15 frogs — West Africa (exchange); 
2 frogs — West Africa (gift) 

Pfaff, Dr. Reinaldo, Cartagena, 
Colombia: 46 shells — Colombia (gift) 

Plath, Karl, Oak Park, Illinois: 
bird — Philippine Islands (gift) 

Pope, Mrs. Henry, Glencoe, Illinois: 
approximately 2,000 marine shells — 
Bahama Islands (gift) 

Rageau, Dr. Jean, Noumea, New 
Caledonia: 100 snails— New Caledonia 
and Wallis Islands (gift) 

Rawlinson, Kim T., Greencastle, In- 
diana: 8 fishes — Indiana (gift) 

Rebell, Dr. Gerbert, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey: 3 albino rats — local- 
ity unknown (gift) 

Reifsteck, Werner, New Haven, 
Indiana: 26 snails — Illinois (gift) 

Roscoe, Ernest J., Chicago: approx- 
imately 1,000 landsnails — western United 
States (gift) 



123 



Sanborn, Colin C, Marcella, Arkan- 
sas: fox — Arkansas (gift) 

Sarawak Museum, Kuching: 13 frogs 
— Sarawak (exchange) 

Sauer, Dr. J. D., Madison, Wiscon- 
sin: 40 snails — Mauritius (gift) 

Schwengel, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale, New York: approximately 4,000 
lower invertebrates — worldwide (gift) 

Scripps Institution, La Jolla, Cali- 
fornia: 71 fishes — Mexico (gift) 

Sea Fisheries Research Station, 
Haifa, Israel: 16 fishes — Mediterranean 
Sea and Red Sea (gift) 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Glen 
Ellyn, Illinois: 581 beetles — Africa and 
New World Tropics (gift) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
3 fishes — Iowa (gift) 

Simmons, Frank E., Oglesby, Texas: 
16 inland mollusks — Texas (gift) 

Smetana, Dr. A., Praha, Czechoslo- 
vakia: 109 beetles — Europe (exchange) 

Solem, Dr. Alan, Oak Park, Illinois: 
approximately 9,500 mollusks — world- 
wide (gift) 

Springer, Dr. Victor G., St. Peters- 
burg, Florida: 99 fishes — various local- 
ities (gift) 

Stugren, Dr. Bogdan, Cluj, Rou- 
mania: 48 reptiles and amphibians — 
Romania (exchange) 

Summers, Ray, Petaluma, Califor- 
nia: 12 seashells — worldwide (exchange); 
3 cowrie shells — Easter Island and Phil- 
ippine Islands (gift) 

Suter, Walter, and John A. Wag- 
ner, Evanston, Illinois: 10,919 feather- 
wing beetles — eastern United States 
(gift) 

Talmadge, Robert, Willow Creek, 
California: 120 nonmarine snails — Cali- 
fornia (gift) 

Teskey, Mrs. Margaret, Marinette, 
Wisconsin: 2 landsnails — Tennessee (gift) 

Thomas, Mr. W. D., Balboa, Pan- 
ama Canal Zone: 23 sets of nonmarine 
snails — British Honduras (gift) 

Traylor, Melvin A., Jr., Winnetka, 
Illinois: 37 landshells — Tripoli and Libya 
(gift) 

United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Rogers City, Michigan: 2 
fishes — Michigan; Washington, D.C.: 
5 fishes — Atlantic Ocean (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 187 landsnails — 



Venezuela and Colombia (exchange); 109 
fishes — various localities (exchange) ; 56 
reprints (gift to Reprint Library, Divi- 
sion of Mammals) . 

Wagner, John A., Riverside, Illi- 
nois: 454 butterflies and moths — United 
States and Mexico (gift) 

Walton, Munroe L., Glendale, Cali- 
fornia: 420 lower invertebrates — western 
North America (exchange) 

Weyrauch, Dr. Wolfgang, Lima, 
Peru: 141 nonmarine snails — Peru (ex- 
change) 

Williams, Dr. John, Nairobi, Kenya: 
bird — Tanganyika (gift) 

Woodruff, Robert E., Gainesville, 
Florida: 21 beetles— Florida (gift) 

Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 mammal — Illinois (gift); 15 non- 
marine shells — Mexico (gift) 

Young, Dr. Frank N., Bloomington, 
Indiana: 24 beetles — United States (gift) 

Zeidler, Herbert, Cologne, Ger- 
many: 3 birds — Germany (exchange) 

Zoologisch Museum, Amsterdam, 
Netherlands: 2 snakes — Sumatra and 
Ceram (exchange) 

ZOOLOGISCHES MUSEUM DER HUM- 

boldt, Berlin, Germany: 5 beetles — 
Eurasia (exchange) 

Zumpt, Dr. Fritz, Johannesburg, 
Union of South Africa: 169 slides of lice, 
4 lots of parasites, 1 frog, 4 snakes — 
South Africa (gift) ; 5 mammals — South 
West Africa and Mozambique (gift) 



DIVISION OF 
PHOTOGRAPHY 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Made by Division of Photography — 
2,602 negatives, 20,766 prints, 685 en- 
largements, 222 lantern slides, 382 koda- 
chromes, 4 transparencies 



LIBRARY OF 
THE MUSEUM 

Donors (Institutions) 

Chilean Iodine Educational Bureau, 
London 

The John Crerar Library, Chicago 



124 



Donors (Individuals) 

Bothwell, Cecil L., Chicago 
Breuil, Abbe Henri, Paris 

Carbonell, Miss Virginia M., Chicago 

De la Tour, Dr. G. Dennler, President, 
Asociacion Cultural Natura, 
Buenos Aires 

Field, Dr. Henry, Coconut Grove, 

Florida 
Frank, The Reverend W. F., Chicago 

Gerhard, William J. (estate of), 

Chicago 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Indiana 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago 
Hershkovitz, Philip, South Holland, 
Illinois 



Lizarralde, Ignacio Copete, Gerente 
General, Banco de la Republica, 
Bogota, Colombia 

Matson, Frederick R., Pennsylvania 
State University 

Parker, Miss Bertha Morris, Chicago 

Richardson, Dr. Eugene S., Jr., 
Gurnee, Illinois 

Riley, Miss Thora M., 
Washington, D.C. 

Solem, Dr. Alan, Oak Park, Illinois 
Starr, Dr. Kenneth, Chicago 

Voth, Dr. Paul D., University of 
Chicago 

Williams, Dr. Louis 0., Beltsville, 
Maryland 



125 



MEMBERS OF THE MUSEUM 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T„ Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall* 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* deceased 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 
Graham, Ernest R.* 



Harris, Albert W.* 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise* 



Raymond, James Nelson " 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



Beyer, Professor H. O 
Cutting, C. Suydam 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Vernay, Arthur S. 



Field, Stanley 

Gustaf VI, His Majesty, 



King of Sweden 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 



Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Fuller, Captain A.W.F. 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Judson, Clay 



Moore, Mrs. William H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Vernay, Arthur S. 
White, Harold A. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri Humbert, Professor Henri 

DECEASED 1959 
Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. Georges 



Keissler, Dr. Karl 



126 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Morton, Sterling 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Bensabott, R. 
Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 
Buchen, Walther 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Farr, Miss Shirley* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Schmidt, Karl P.* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 

* deceased 



Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 
Dibell* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, William J.* 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cummings, R. F.* 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

The 

Sargent, Homer E.* 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Walpole, Stewart J.* 
Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wrigley, William, Jr.* 



$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 



American Friends of 

China 
Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Mrs. Claire S. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose" 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hay den B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight* 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Searle, John G. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Telling, Miss Elisabeth 
Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 
Van Evera, DeWitt 



127 



CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Armour, Lester 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Baker, Herbert 
Baker, Mrs. Herbert 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bascom, Dr. William R. 
Bennett, Holly Reed 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blaschke, Stanley Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Boulton, Rudyerd 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Carman, Dr. J. Ernest 
Clyborne, Harry Vearn 
Clyborne, Mary Elizabeth 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 
Cummings, Walter J. 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C* 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 
Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 
Fuller, Captain A. W. F. 

Gerhard, William J.* 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R.* 
Graham, Dr. David C. 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

* deceased 



Hand, Miss LaVerne 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Isham, Henry P. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

King, Joseph H. 
Knickerbocker, 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 
Lundelius, Dr. Ernest 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
Martin, Dr. Paul S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Odell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 



Palmer, Potter* 
Park, Dr. Orlando 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse, Langdon* 
Pinsof, Philip 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Quimby, George I. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schwengel, Dr. Jeanne S. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, William W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thome 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Solem, Dr. Alan 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 
Julian A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E.* 
Thurow, Donald R. 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 
Trier, Robert 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Ware, Louis 
Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P.* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Yarrington, Dr. C. W.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



128 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 



Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Fuller, Captain A. W. F. 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Judson, Clay 

Kahler, William V. 



McBain, Hughston M. 
Miller, Dr. J. Roscoe 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 

Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 



DECEASED 1959 

Wilson, John P. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Alexander, Edward 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Vernon 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bechtner, Paul 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Bensabott, R. 
Bent, John P. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Birdsall, Mrs. Carl A. 
Blum, Harry H. 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Borden, John 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Brundage, Avery 



Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carney, William Roy 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, William D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crown, Colonel Henry 
Crown, Robert 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 



Dahl, Ernest A. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dick, Edison 
Dickinson, 

William R., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Dorschel, Querin P. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Elich, Robert William 
Erdmann, Mrs. 
C. Pardee 

Farr, Newton Camp 
Fay, C. N. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Forgan, James B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E. 
Friedlich, Mrs. 

Herbert A. 



129 



LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 



Gregory, Tappan 

Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hales, William M. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, J. Morris 

Kahler, William V. 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, Russell P., Ill 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
King, James G. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 
Knight, Lester B. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kraff t, Mrs. Walter A. 

Ladd, John 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lunding, Franklin J. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mason, William S. 



McBain, Hughston M. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCormick, Fowler 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
McKinlay, John, Jr. 
McLennan, 

Donald R., Jr. 
McMillan, James G. 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Miller, Mrs. C. Phillip 
Miller, Dr. J. Roscoe 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Odell, William R. 
Offield, James R. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Orr, Robert M. 
Otis, J. Sanford 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Perry, William A. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Ross, Mrs. Robert C. 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Sackheim, Judd 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Seabury, Charles W. 



Searle, John G. 
Sengstack, David K. 
Shakman, James G. 
Sharpe, Nathan M. 
Shire, Mrs. Moses E. 
Simpson, James, Jr. 
Simpson, John M. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Edward Byron 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Smith, Solomon B. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stephens, Louis L. 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Taylor, James L. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Veatch, George L. 

Wagner, Louis A. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waller, Richard A. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Ware, Mrs. Louis 
Warren, Paul G. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Zimmerman, Herbert P. 



Gowing, J. Parker 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 



DECEASED 1959 



Lingle, Bowman C. 



Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 



130 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 



Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 
Franklin, Egington 
Freeman, Charles Y. 

Gregg, Clifford C, Jr. 
Gregg, Captain John B. 
Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 



Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Knudtzon, E. J. 

Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 

Richardson, Dr. 
Maurice L. 



Rosenwald, Lessing J. 
Ruhle, George C. 

Shirey, Dwight 
Smith, Mrs. Vera Lash 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Watt, Herbert J. 
Weaver, Mrs. Lydia C. 
Wiman, Mrs. 
Charles Deere 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



131 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abler, Julius J. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Abrams, Dr. Herbert K. 
Abrams, James Ross 
Ackerman, Dr. Joseph 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Addington, James R. 
Addington, Mrs. 

Sarah Wood 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Alberts, Lee Winfield 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alenduff, Harold W. 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Allworthy, Joseph 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
American, John G. 
Ames, Alfred C. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Ames, Joseph B. 
Andersen, John D. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Carlyle E. 
Anderson, Francis M. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Robert Gardner 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anger, Frank G. 



Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Aries, Dr. Leon J. 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Armstrong, Richard R. 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

William A. 
Arnold, Herbert R. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Arnold, Lorn E. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Frederick 
Asher, Norman 
Asher, Dr. Sidney 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H. 
Baer, David E. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Bairstow, Mrs. 

Harry, Jr. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Rosecrans 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Bannister, Miss 

Ruth D. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbera, Joseph 
Barden, Horace G. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barlow, John T. 



Barnard, George Hugh 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. John S. 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barsumian, Edward L. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Emma 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bashore, Mrs. Helen 
Basile, A. R. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastien, A. E. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Dr. Hugo C. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Edward C. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckstrom, Miss 

Lucile M. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bellizzi, Dr. Alfredo 
Bellow, Jason Ernest 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Belnap, Nuel D. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 



132 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 
Berens, Alfred S. 
Berens, Dr. David G. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Berwanger, Jay 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biedermann, Lee F. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bielinski, Dr. Henry E. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bimmerle, Dr. John F. 
Binder, Miss Kay 
Birch, Dr. Carroll L. 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bittrich, Miss Grace 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Black, Dr. Chester J. 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Miss 

Anita Carolyn 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Block, Samuel W. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blumenthal, Dr. Irving 
Blunt, J. E. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boal, Thomas 
Bodman, W. S. 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohasseck, Charles 



Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borcherdt, Mrs. 

Robert T. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Arthur S. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, John R. 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brandenburg, John A. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Braucher, Ralph L. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Braun, Dr. Milton 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 
Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, George L. 
Bristol, James T. 
Briggs, George L. 
Bristol, James T. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Browder, William B. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 



Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Isadore 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Browne, Aldis J., Jr. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brunsvold, Mrs. 

Henrietta A. 
Brunswick, Larry 
Buchanan, Eugene D. 
Buchanan, L. B. 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buehler, A. C, Jr. 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buehler, Robert 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bunn, B. H. 

Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burd, James E. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgweger, Mrs. 

Meta Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Edmund L. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, William 
Burwell, Mrs. 

Dorothy M. 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, George W. 
Butler, John C. 
Butler, Paul 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Call, Edgar J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Mrs. 

John Wheaton 



133 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Chesser M. 
Campbell, George V. 
Campbell, Hugh 
Campbell, John Noble 
Canny, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. Harry L. 
Caples, William G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Caron, O. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carr, Mrs. Robert F. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Jeannette 
Carton, Laurence A. 
Carton, Dr. Robert W. 
Caspers, Paul 
Cassady, Thomas G. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Chazanow, George 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Chester, W. T. 
Chiara, Anthony R. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Christian, John F. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Christmann, 

Valentine H. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clay, John 
Clements, George L. 
Clifford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clithero, W. S. 



Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Coates, John M. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Cole, John W. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Connery, John 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Dr. Richard S. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooley, Gordon A., Sr. 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Costanzo, Dr. 

Vincent A., Jr. 
Coston, James E. 
Cottle, Dr. Maurice H. 
Coulson, John S. 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 



Cox, Clifford B. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, W. F. 
Creange, A. L. 
Criel, Theodore A., Jr. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, Miss 

Juliette Clara 
Cross, Robert C. 
Crowley, C. A. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Paul William 

Daemicke, Mrs. 

Irwin Paul 
Dahlberg, Wendell 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Daly, James J. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davidson, D. E. 
Davidson, Louis G. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, DeForest Paine 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Morton A. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Decker, Charles O. 
De Costa, Lewis M. 
de Dardel, Carl O. 



134 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Deeming, W. S. 
DeLarye, Dr. William L. 
DeLay, Frank P. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deree, William S. 
Desgrey, Charles W. 
Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
De Vries, David 
DeWitt, Clyde F. 
DeWitt, Dennis 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Robert 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dietch, Henry X. 
Diller, Robert 
Dillie, James P. 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Dolan, Tom 
Dole, John L. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Domville, Mrs. 

Millington 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Elliott 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Doucette, Robert J. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, H. James 
Douglass, Mrs. 

Helen James 
Douglass, Kingman 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 
Drago, Stephen 
Drake, Robert T. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Moise 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Duclos, George A. 
Dudak, Mrs. Anna 
Dudley, Laurence H. 



Duffy, James F. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbar, James H., Jr. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebbers, Todd A. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Mylrea 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelson, Mitchell, Jr. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisenhower, Earl D. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Winston 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
English, Harold 
English, William L. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Epstein, Herman L. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Ernest, Joseph R. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Escudier, A. F. 
Esgar, R. Rea 
Etten, Henry C. 



Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everett, William S. 
Evers, John W. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fai thorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Mrs. B. J. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farley, Preston 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Faust, Harry C. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Howard 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. James H., Jr. 
Field, Meyer 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Mrs. 

Edward R. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Flagg, Miss Grace S. 
Fleischman, Miss Anne 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Foell, W. J. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 



135 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Robert S. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, Lester E. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Franklin, G. K. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

Clarence L. 
Free to, Clarence E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Mrs. J. Dennis 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedberg, Dr. Stanton A. 
Friedlander, William 
Friedman, Raphael N. 
Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Fulton, Paul C. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Harold J. F. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. Anne 

Rickcords 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gamble, E. Ross 
Gamm, Dr. Stanford R. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, F. Sewall 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Gardner, Robert A., Jr. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 



Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gee, James W. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geist, Herbert 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Arthur 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, James R. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Albert 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillett, Frank G. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Glade, David Bruce 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glaman, Miss Johanna C. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glasser, Joshua B. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glore, Robert Hixon 
Godley, Mrs. John M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golber, David 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldsby, Fred L. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 



Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Button 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Goodfriend, S. L. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Andrew C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, Philip S. 
Greeley, Joseph M. 
Green, Howard E. 
Green, Michael 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Green^ , Henry E. 
Greene, Howard T. 
Greenebaum, Robert J. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Greenwald, Herbert S. 
Gregg, Clarence T. 
Gregory, James J. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Grimes, Don R. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Grohe, Robert F. 



136 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guest, Ward E. 
Guldager, Carl D. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Carl 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, Burton W., Jr. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Rassweiler 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Herman 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Harrison, Arthur C. 
Harrison, Carter H., Jr. 
Hart, Henry N. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, Richard M. 



Harwood, Thomas A. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 
Haugen, Bernhart 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Florence G. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Helmich, Miss Lenore 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Herz, J. H. 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hieber, J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Rolwood R. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, Stacy H. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 



Hillebrecht, Mrs. 

Marjory A. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Bertol 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsch, LeRoy E. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Robert 
Hobbs, Russell D. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Elizaberth 
Hoffman, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokenson, Howard G. 
Hokin, Edwin E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holderby, Glen W. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, M. J. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, Marshall M. 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollins, Gerald 
Hollo way, Allen D. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian 0. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hooper, Miss Frances 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horcher, William W. 



137 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hoslett, Dr. Schuyler 

Dean 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Howell H. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Ralph B. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunt, George L. 
Hunt, Jarvis 
Hunt, Mrs. William O. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hyatt, R. C. 
Hypes, William P. 

I ekes, Raymond W. 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Iker, Charles 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Ilg, Paul F. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Roy C. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Ingram, Frank H. 



Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Irvine, George L. 
Isham, George S. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Isham, Henry P., Jr. 
Ives, Clifford E. 
Ives, George R. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobs, Walter L. 
Jacobson, A. J. 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jahn, Reinhardt H. 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A. 
Jansey, Dr. Felix 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Robert B. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jessen, Floyd E. 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Norman E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Dr. Fiske 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 



Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Jordan, Horace W. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kaine, James B. 
Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan J. 
Kaplan, Stanley A. 
Kasakoff, Lawrence 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katz, William 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kearney, A. T. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 
Keith, Stanley 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Kelly, Arthur Lloyd 
Kelly, Barbara Wetten 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, T. Lloyd 
Kelsey J. D. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kemper, James S. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenny, Henry 
Kent, Robert H. 



138 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Ketzler, A. C. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiefer, Dr. Joseph H. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, Paul C. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Harold R. 
King, Mrs. John 

Andrews 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Steven Michael 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knapp, William G. 
Knickerbocker, Miss 

Paula 
Knight, Howard 
Knight, John S. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Kochs, August 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Koerber, Lorenz F., Jr. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotal, John A. 



Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kozlik, Frank B. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kraus, William C. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 
Kretschmer, 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Kribben, Arthur K. 
Kribben, Delafield 
Krider, E. A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kroeschell, Robert A. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krupnick, Samson 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuehne, E. Richard 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr., 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfes, John Fredric 
Kurtzon, Morris 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 
Kutchins, Edmund 

Laadt, George A. 
Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Laflin, Miss June 

Atchison 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Laflin, Miss Mary 

Josephine 
Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lamberton, R. H. 
Lambertson, John G. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Gordon 
Langdon, Lawrence E. 
Langenbach, Mrs. 

Alice R. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 



Lanman, Mrs. 

Edward Boylston 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Lapham, Fenton D. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, L. S. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leadbetter, Gordon 
Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Robert O. 
Lehr, Arthur 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leighton, George N. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Tourneau, Mrs. 

Robert 
Levering, J. E. 
Levi, Julian H. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewendowski, 

Sigmund W. 
Lewis, Mrs. J. J. 
Ley, Robert J. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liebenson, Harold A. 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 



139 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Lill, George, II 
Lillyblade, Clarence 0. 
Lindar, Albert J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Linn, Howard 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. Ross 
Lodge, Robert H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Lotz, Philip W. 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Loundy, Mrs. Mason A. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lowrie, Mrs. John M. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludgin, Earle 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacArthur, Donald 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Mackoff, Mrs. Saul 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 



Macomb, 

J. deNavarre, Jr. 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Dr. 

David Bremner 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majka, F. L. 
Major, Ross 0. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Maling, Albert 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. 

Frank W. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Griffith 
Marker, Van E. 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Adolf 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Arnold D. K. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, J. Edward 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, A. K., Jr. 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Maxwell, W. Stirling 
Mayer, Frank D. 



Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarl, David N. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McCloud, Thomas W. 
McClun, John M. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Lenader J. 
McCormick, 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McPherson, Cleo Edwin 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Mehan, Mrs. Georgette 
Meidell, Harold 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 



140 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Metzger, Roswell W. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Charles A. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Allen C. 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michalko, Edward 
Michel, D. Daniel 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Michet, Dr. Clement J. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, John F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Mrs. 

Dorothy Stone 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moeller, George 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Moroni, Aldo L. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 



Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Mosher, Edward A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Moss, John T. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mostek, Raymond 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. 

Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mulcahy, Mrs. 

Michael F. 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Munnecke, Wilbur C. 
Munroe, Moray 
Munroe, Roy B. 
Murphy, 

Carroll Dean, Jr. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nathan, Joseph E. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, James S. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neskow, Dr. Peter S. Y. 
Nessler, Robert P. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newberger, Joseph 

Michael 
Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newton, C. G. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nichols, J. C. 



Nietschmann, Walter 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norem, Mrs. Lawrence E. 
Norian, Richard 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
Offield, Wrigley 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Okner, Dr. Henry B. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur 0. 
O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
O'Rourke, Mrs. Harry J. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Peter Witherspoon 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
O'Toole, Donald 
Ott, Mrs. Fentress 



141 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Ott, John Nash, Jr. 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, John W. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Patridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patchen, Dr. Paul J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, R. Curtis 
Patterson, Thomas A. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Mrs. Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pellettieri, Dr. D. J. 
Pellicore, Dr. 

Raymond J. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Harry D. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perlman, Henry 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, William 0. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth F. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaumer, Robert E. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 



Philipsborn, 

Herbert F., Sr. 
Philipsborn, 

Colonel M. M., Jr. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phoenix, George E. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pillsbury, Mrs. C. S. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plochman, Cordelia G. 
Plummer, Comer 
Plunkett, Paul M. 
Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Poister, John J. 
Pollak, Charles A. 
Polyak, Stephen, Jr. 
Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 
Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 
Pope, Herbert 
Pope, John W. 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, L. W. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Posey, Chester L. 
Post, Myron H. 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potter, Robert E., Jr. 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Prall, Bert R. 
Pray, Max 
Preble, Robert C. 
Price, John McC. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 



Purcey, Victor W. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, Jack A. 

Racheff, Ivan 
Radebaugh, Richard J. 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radovich, Miss Bessie 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rathje, Frank C. 
Ratner, Walter B. 
Ray, Harold R. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reals, Miss Lucile 

Farns worth, Jr. 
Redfield, William M. 
Reed, John S. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeder, Howard C. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reid, Bryan S., Jr. 
Reid, Robert H. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reinecke, Lester W. 
Remien, Miss 

Marie Katherine 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

William H. 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Re Qua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 



142 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Ridley, Douglas K. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaldo, Philip S., Jr. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Risdon, Russell R. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robinson, Edward 
Robinson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robinson, William S. 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roe, Frederick 
Roebuck, Mrs. A. S. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. George P. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romane, Julian J. (Pat) 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rose, Miss Evelyn 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 
Rosenthal, J. F. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 



Rothschild, 

Melville N., Jr. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubinson, Kenneth Alan 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Mrs. Frank E. 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, John S. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary H. 
Russell, Robert S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Arthur 
Ryan, Eugene F. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M. 

Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salk, Erwin A. 
Salk, Dr. Melvin R. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sandler, George S. 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 
Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schenk, Miss Marion H. 
Schick, Dr. Armin F. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schloss, Harold W. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 
Charles W. 



Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles F. 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scribner, Gilbert H., Jr. 
Scudder, Mrs. 

William M. 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Searle, William L. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
Sedlacek, Frank 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seeburg, Noel M., Jr. 
Segal, Victor 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selseth, Ole 

Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Sharp, Carl J. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Shaw, John I. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 



143 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shoemaker, M. M. 
Shoemaker, Paul B. 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Edward D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Shumway, Spencer 

Thomas 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sieracki, Mrs. Anton 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles A. 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Silberman, N. M. 
Sill, Vincent D. 
Sills, Budd 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simonson, Burton E. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sims, William W. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smallberg, Dr. 

William A. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, L. Richard 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, Z. Erol 



Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Harry 
Snyder, Richard E. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Solomon, Alfred B. 
Soper, Henry M. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Sorensen, Stanley M. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spalding, Mrs. 

Vaughn C, Jr. 
Spatta, George 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Frederich L. 
Spencer, William M. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spiel, Mrs. Robert E. 
Spitz, Joel 

Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Dr. 

H. Frederick, Jr. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Staley, Miss Kate 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stateler, C. B. 
Staub, E. Norman 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Stefan, Joseph J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving, Sr. 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Steiner, George R. 
Steiner, Harold C. 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 



Stevens, Mrs. 

Clement D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, John 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stolp, John A. 
Stone, J. McWilliams, Jr. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Stratton, Paul 
Straus, Frederick W. 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Mrs. 

Herman A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stuart, Robert D., Jr. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Stults, Allen P. 
Sturgis, John C. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Suomela, John P. 
Sutherland, William 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, George H., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Swonk, Wayne 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Byron M. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tarrant, Ross 
Tax, Dr. Sol 



144 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Taylor, E. Hall 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, Orville 
Tellschow, H. B. 
Temple, Charles Vache 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Fos Bell 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thomas, W. E. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thornburn, John N. 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tiberius, George 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tockstein, Miss 

Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Tolpin, Paul H. 
Tonn, George 
Topaz, Martin 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torff, Selwyn H. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treadwell, H. A. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Trimble, Mrs. M. B. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 



Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Turney, Kenneth R. 
Tyler, Thomas S. 

Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 
Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. 
Frederic W. 
Urbain, Leon F. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Uslander, Richard 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Vale, Mrs. Murray 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Vance, Dr. Graham A. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
Van Hagen, Miss 

Elizabeth 
Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Ness, C. Radford 
Van Schaak, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vaughan, Norman 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Venema, M. P. 
Vernon, John T. 
Verson, David C. 
Vette, J. L. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogl, Otto 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen 
von Glahn, Mrs. August 
von Leden, Dr. Hans 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 



Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Waldman, S. C. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Walkowiak, Dr. Lydia 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Paul S. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Watkins, George H. 
Watkins, William A. P. 
Watkins, W. W. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weaver, John M. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Wegrzyn, Dr. John T. 
Wegrzyn, Joseph 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, George 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weir, Paul 

Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 



145 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Mrs. John E. 
Wells, John Warren 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesby, Vernon L. 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Wetmore, Horace O. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wheeler, E. Todd 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Whiston, Jerome P. 
Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Wicks, Russell M. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wies, H. M. 
Wilcox, Robyn 



Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wiles, Mrs. Russell 
Wiley, Mrs. Clarence F. 
Wilhelm, Dr. Emanuel C. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Harry J. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Williamson, Mrs. Jack A. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, D. H. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, John P., Jr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witter, William M. 
Wlochall, Arthur 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 



Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. Rollin D. 
Woods, Frank H. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woolman, John S. 
Work, Robert 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wronski, Casimir 

Pulaski 
Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yates, T. L. 
Ylvisaker, L. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, William T., Jr. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zeisler, Mrs. Ernest B. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zimmermann, Russell A. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Elmer K. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W. R. 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 
Zwiener, Kenneth V. 



146 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (continued) 



Bingham, Carl G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Brugman, John J. 
Burke, Webster H. 

Cahn, Bertram J. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Collier, Mrs. 

Corina Melder 
Cutler, Henry E. 

Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 
Thompson 

Fisher, Harry M. 

Gallagher, Sheridan 
Gear, H. B. 



DECEASED 1959 

Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 

Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 

Lenz, J. Mayo 

Miller, Oscar C. 
Miner, Wesley A. 

Nelson, Donald M. 
Noyes, Allan S. 

Otis, Joseph E. 

Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 



Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Piatt, Edward Vilas 
Purcell, Joseph D. 

Reed, Guy E. 
Roberts, John M. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 

Spencer, John P. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 

Thompson, Dr. George F. 

Wentworth, Edward N. 
Wilson, William 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wood, William G. 



NON-RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Baxter, George R. 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 

Droste, Albert C. 

Hagerty, Kenneth A. 
Hanson, Martin W. 

Johnson, Dr. Sydney J. 



Johnson, Mrs. Sydney J. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

McBain, James H. 
Meevers, Harvey 
Mitchell, W. A. 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Oates, James F., Jr. 



Pain, F. W. 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 

Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Stevens, Edmund W. 

Trott, James Edwards 

Vas, Gabriel N. 

Whipple, Miss Velma D. 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Adler, Robert S. 
Akenson, Wylie G. 
Akerhaugen, Alfred 
Arenberg, Albert L. 
Armour, Mrs. 
Stanton, Sr. 
Ashe, Clayton 

Ball, Clayton G. 
Banks, Dr. Sam W. 
Basinger, Paul J. 



Bates, Rex J. 
Bell, Arthur Joel 
Bender, Eric 
Betts, David H. 
Bliss, Vincent R. 
Bowen, Carroll G. 
Brock, Donald C. 
Brodie, Miss Laura 

Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Carstens, Milton Searle 



Cathcart, Silas S. 
Cone, Fairfax M. 
Coursen, Charles B. 

Dennis, Joseph W. 
Dick, A. B., Ill 
Dickson, Vincent B. 
Dodge, John V. 
Dry, Carl 
Duncan, Kent W. 



147 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS (continued) 



Erickson, Donald 

Fairman, Fred W., Jr. 
Farley, Preston 
Fentress, David 
Fink, Sam 

Fisher, Mrs. Raymond 
Folds, Charles W. 

Guilbault, Joseph E. 

Haas, Albert F. 
Hartman, Dr. Robert R. 
Hepburn, R. J. 
Hume, Patrick H. 

Jacobs, Nathan E. 
Johnson, John H. 
Jonswold, C. R. 



Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Keith, Donald K. 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Koczur, Dr. Joseph L. 
Korf , Dr. Stanley R. 
Kyritsis, Mathon 

Martin, C. Virgil 
Martin, Dr. Stanley 
McClung, Richard 
Michels, Robert D. 
Minas, Karl K. 
Morgan, John Alden 

Plunkett, Paul M. 
Price, Mark 

Rich, Francis M. 



Sale, Robert C. 
Smeeth, William B. 
Solinsky, R. S. 
Sorensen, T. R. 
Stanhaus, Wilfrid X. 

Tibbitts, Douglas E. 

Van Duzer, John B. 
Van Koert, Lewis I. 

Waddington, Dr. 

Harry K. 
Wehrmacher, Dr. 

William H. 
Westerhold, Mrs. 

Lenora C. 
Winslow, Seth L. 



148 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Mrs. Howard C. 
Abbott, James S., Ill 
Abel, Miles L. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Abrams, Burton R. 
Abrams, Irving S. 
Abramson, Ralph J. 
Achtner, Raymond H. 
Ackerberg, Robert, Jr. 
Ackerman, Frederick P. 
Ackermann, Kurt J. 
Adams, Bruce 
Adams, Mrs. Christine 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, George L. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Varian B. 
Adams, Dr. Walter A. 
Addis, Donald J. 
Adelman, R. J. 
Ader, David L. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Eugene M. 
Adler, Harry 
Adler, Howard 
Adler, Richard F. 
Adler, Dr. Robert 
Adler, William H. 
Aeby, Miss Jacquelyn 
Ahem, Edwin W. 
Ahlfeld, William J. 
Aishton, Richard A. 
Akers, Milburn P. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberding, Charles 

Howard 
Albiez, George 
Albright, Dr. Arthur C. 
Albright, C. Jere 
Alden, John E. 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Aldige, Miss Esther 
Alford, Lore W. 
Allaway, William H. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Allen, Craig T., Jr. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allen, Nathan 
Allen, Wayne M. 
Allison, Anthony G. 
Allison, Mrs. Wolcott S. 
Allyn, Arthur C. 
Allyn, Mrs. John W. 
Aim, Mrs. A. G. 



Almond, Mrs. Fred 
Alper, Max 
Alschuler, Mrs. 

Alfred S., Sr. 
Alschuler, Richard H. 
Alshire, Donald W. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Altholz, Mrs. Herbert C. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Altschul, Gilbert 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Mrs. Thomas 
Amerman, Mrs. C. Paul 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Ancel, Louis 
Andersen, Howard W. 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, Corliss D. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Florence B. 
Anderson, Mrs. Frank R. 
Anderson, Dr. 

Herbert L. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Stanley D. 
Anderson, 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Anderson, William A. 
Anderson, W. W. 
Andreas, Osborn 
Andreasen, Norman 
Andrew, Mrs. 

Lucius A., Jr. 
Andrews, C. Prentiss 
Andrews, Frederick B. 
Andrews, Mrs. Luther B. 
Andrews, Mrs. Otis G. 
Angres, Dr. Erwin 
Anixter, Edward F. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Antal, R. 

Antognoli, John L. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Apatoff , William 
Apple, Dr. Carl 
Applegate, Mrs. 

C. William 
Appleton, Mrs. Albert I. 
Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Henry X 
Arieff, Mrs. Alex J. 
Armour, Norbert F. 
Armstrong, Dr. 

Charles H. 
Armstrong, Mrs. John E. 



Armstrong, Mrs. Paul L. 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

Russell H. 
Arneson, Mrs. H. D. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, G. E. 
Arnold, John A. 
Arnold, Dr. Robert A. 
Arnold, Robert S. 
Arnstein, Mrs. Leo 
Arntzen, John C. 
Aronson, M. R. 
Arpan, Mrs. Floyd G. 
Arlington, Mrs. 

W. Russell 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschman, Mrs. 

Frederick T. 
Ash, John P. 
Ashbrook, Charles G. 
Ashburne, Dr. L. Eudora 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Dr. Carl A. 
Ashton, Mrs. Walter G. 
Ashwell, Mrs. John W. 
Askounis, Mrs. Homer 
Aten, Lyle Rex 
Atkinson, Mrs. 

Wallace G. 
Atlass, H. Leslie 
Atlass, Mrs. Ralph Louis 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Auer, George A. 
Auerbach, Mrs. Julius 
Auerbach, Stanley I. 
Augdahl, Mrs. Melville R. 
Augustus, Mrs. Helen A. 
Aurelio, Anthony J. 
Autenrieth, Glenn E. 
Austin, Mrs. C. Henry 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Warren 
Austin, William F., Ill 
Avalon, Mrs. George M. 
Averhoff, Mrs. Charles C. 
Avery, Mrs. Howard 
Avgerinos, Mrs. C. 
Axelrad, Mrs. Milton S. 
Ayers, William P. 
Ayshford, Mrs. L. C. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Harriet K. 
Babbitt, Mrs. Oscar 
Babcock, Richard F. 
Bacci, Alex H. 
Bachelder, Mrs. W. C. 



149 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Backman, C. E. 
Bacon, William T., Jr. 
Bade, Miss Florence 

Harriett 
Baechle, Carl 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Baer, Mrs. Houghton 
Baer, Mrs. Robert A. 
Baffes, Dr. Thomas G. 
Bagley, A. B. 
Bagnuolo, Joseph Wm. 
Bagott, W. Russell 
Bailey, A. C. 
Bailey, George E. 
Bailey, George R. 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baim, Michol 
Bair, Mrs. David R. 
Baird, Mrs. Andrew 
Baird, John W. 
Baird, Mrs. Peter M., Jr. 
Baird, Russell M. 
Baker, Dr. Bernard 
Baker, Bruce 
Baker, Edward H., Jr. 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Herbert 
Baker, Paul E. 
Baker, Robert C. 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldauf, John H. 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Balikov, Dr. Harold 
Balin, Meyer C. 
Ball, Ralph K. 
Ballard, E. E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballenger, Dr. John J. 
Ballis, S. R. 
Balluff, Louis N. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, O. H. 
Banks, Dr. Seymour 
Banning, Thomas A., Jr. 
Bannon, James W. 
Barber, Dr. Knowlton E. 
Barclay, Miss Cheryl 
Barclay, Harold 
Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, Robert Clyde 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Cecil 
Barnes, George E. 
Barnes, George S. 



Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, Miss Lilace Reid 
Barnes, Norman 
Barnes, William H. 
Barnett, Mrs. George 
Barnett, Stephen D. 
Barney, Albert S. 
Barnhill, Charles J. 
Barnow, David H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrash, Dr. Meyer 
Barrett, Charles R. 
Barrick, Dr. Robert G. 
Barron, Raymond M. 
Barry, David J. 
Barry, Gerald A. 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barsky, Dr. Freida 

Grigorovitch 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Barsy, Herbert 
Bartel, Thomas B. 
Bartels, Miss Nell 
Bartelson, Lyle W. 
Barth, Hec 

Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Arthur H. 
Barton, J. V. 
Baskin, Isadore 
Baskin, Louis 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, Dr. Alvin F. 
Bates, Bennitt E. 
Bates, Edwin R. 
Batko, Dr. B. B. 
Batson, Burnham L. 
Bauer, John A. 
Baum, Arthur W. 
Baum, Jack W. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 
Baumgartner, Walter H. 
Baxter, Miss Edith P. 
Baxter, John H. 
Baxter, Miss 

Margaret C. 
Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
Baylin, Dr. Ralph 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Bazell, Dr. S. R. 
Beach, Milton B. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beasley, Dr. Edward W. 



Beasley, Milton R. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becherer, Robert C. 
Becker, Eugene J. 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Becker, Max 
Bedford, Jesse 
Beelman, Hugh C. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Beguesse, Dr. Barry O. 
Beigel, Herbert A. 
Beilin, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Belgrade, Dr. Irvin S. 
Belickas, Dr. Anthony 
Bell, Mrs. John C. 
Bell, J. Delos 
Bell, Dr. Julius N. 
Bellmar, Miss Lucinda 
Benaron, Dr. 

Harry B. W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Benestante, Frank 
Benisek, George 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Benjamin, Edward 
Bennett, Clinton C. 
Bennett, Dwight W. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, Richard M. 
Bennett, Russell 0. 
Bennett, R. J. 
Benninghoven, 

Edward D. 
Benningsen, Edward 
Benoist, William F., Jr. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, George R., Jr. 
Benz, John E. 
Berc, Harold T. 
Bere, Paul 
Berens, Edward P. 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergdahl, Hal A. 
Berger, Bernard B. 
Berger, R. O. 
Berger, William B. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Arthur W. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Berk, Alex M. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berkson, Irving L. 
Berman, Harvey 
Berman, Seymour 
Bernardi, Joseph L. 
Bernauer, Dr. M. 
Berns, Robert E. 
Bernstein, Dr. Arthur 



150 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Bernstein, Arthur J. 
Bernstein, Dr. Haskell E. 
Bernstein, Dr. Max M. 
Bernstein, Samuel 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, Arthur L. 
Berry, Russell T. 
Bert, Vernon J. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessey, William 
Betz, Carl E. 
Betz, Dr. William P. 
Beug, Theodore C. 
Beven, T. D. 
Beyer, Theodore A. 
Bianco, Dr. Emily 
Bica, Dr. G. A. 
Bick, Carl A. 
Bickson, Irwin S. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bielenberg, Ivan L. 
Bielinski, Dr. Stefan 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Bikle, W. E. 
Billick, Stanley R. 
Billik, Richard J. 
Billings, Dr. Arthur A. 
Billings, Fred G. 
Billings, Marshall L. 
Billsten, Henry A. 
Binford, W. H. 
Birch, Dr. George W. 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Bird, T. S. 
Birks, Z. S. 
Birnbaum, Irving 
Birndorf, B. A. 
Bish, Raymond H. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bixby, Frank L. 
Bixby, George, Jr. 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, Dr. Arnold 
Black, E. D. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 
Blair, John M. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blakesley, Mrs. 

Lucille T. 
Bland, Lee 
Blanksten, Mrs. 

Samuel B. 
Blomberg, Roy E. 



Blomquist, Alfred 
Blossom, Mrs. 

George W., Jr. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blowitz, Milroy R. 
Blume, E. Henry 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenfeld, Robert 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blumenthal, Milton M. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Boches, Ralph J. 
Bodman, Robert E. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Boe, Archie R. 
Boehm, Mrs. George M. 
Boetcher, John E. 
Bogert, George T. 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bohne, Carl J., Jr. 
Bohrer, Mason L. 
Boitel, A. C. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolgard, Clifford 
Bolger, Vincent J. 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bolotin, Gerald G. 
Bonner, Joseph W. 
Bonniwell, Donald R. 
Boodell, Thomas J. 
Booth, Edwin 
Boothby, Palmer C. 
Booz, Donald R. 
Bopp, F. H. 
Bopp, Frank H. 
Borenstein, Joseph 
Borge, Michael 
Borkenhagen, 

Raymond H. 
Boruszak, Mrs. Melvin 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Bossov, Samuel V. 
Boswell, Arlie O., Jr. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Bovyn, Paul F. 
Bower, George L. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, Frederick M. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Charles W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Boyle, John S. 
Brachman, Dr. P. R. 
Brack, Clarence G. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradford, Miss 

Jane Marian 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradley, Roy D. 



Bradley, Thomas C. 
Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brady, Michael J. 
Brand, Theodore 
Brandel, Paul W. 
Brandt, Leslie A. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brandt, William A. 
Brandt, William M. 
Brandzel, A. R. 
Brannan, Robert H. 
Bransfield, John J., Jr. 
Braun, E. J. 
Braun, James L. 
Braun, Dr. L. L. 
Braun, Martin H. 
Brazee, J. L. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Breen, James W. 
Brent, John F. 
Brent, Stuart 
Brewer, Dr. Charles W. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Bridge, Arthur 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briehl, Dr. Walter 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Britton, Floyd E. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Broadhurst, R. P. 
Brock, William N. 
Brockett, R. M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodie, Dr. George H. 
Brodsky, Benjamin M. 
Brody, Bernard B. 
Brody, Merton B. 
Brogan, George E. 
Bromberg, Morris S. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Brooks, Gerald W. 
Brooks, Dr. James M. 
Broska, Joseph 
Brosseit, George E. 
Brostoff, Ben C. 
Broutman, Carl 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, C. Foster, Jr. 
Brown, Edward I. 
Brown, George F. 
Brown, James, IV 
Brown, Ralph E. 
Brown, Richard P., Jr. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Brownell, Miss 

Beryl Ann 
Browning, Miss Elizabeth 



151 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Bruce, A. D. 
Bruckner, Aloys L. 
Brundage, Howard A. 
Brunell, Albert H. 
Bruning, Herbert F. 
Brunker, Albert R. 
Brunner, Mrs. Fred G. 
Brunswick, Joseph E. 
Brust, Paul W. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Bryer, Hyman 
Bryson, W. D. 
Bua, Nicholas J. 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buchardt, Harry 
Buchbinder, Robert 
Buchen, Paul J. 
Buck, Mrs. Nelson L. 
Buckley, Homer J. 
Buckley, Robert C. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Buddington, Robert M. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Budzinski, Henry A. 
Bueter, Norman E. 
Buffardi, Louis 
Bugler, John C. 
Buhring, Albert G. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bumzahem, Carlos Boyd 
Bundesen, Russell 
Bunn, C. M. 
Bunn, William F. 
Bunta, Andrew W. 
Burch, A. T. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdett, Robert J. 
Burditt, George M. 
Burg, Charles J. 
Burg, Harry 
Burge, Philip W. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burgmeier, William T. 
Burgy, Mrs. Edna W. 
Burk, Jewell V. 
Burke, Arnold L. 
Burke, James E. 
Burke, Robert Emmett 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burkey, Lee M., Jr. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burlage, Thomas D. 
Burman, Merwin R. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnham, Mrs. 

Daniel H. 
Burns, Mrs. 

Dulcie Evans 



Burns, George V. 
Burns, John J., Jr. 
Burns, William J. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burrows, Robert S. 
Burtch, James H. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burtness, Harold 

William 
Burton, Scott F. 
Busch, David T. 
Butler, Mrs. Coula P. 
Butler, Hartman L., Jr. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John Meigs, Jr. 
Butler, Rush C, Jr. 
Butterfield, Edwin 
Button, B. B., Jr. 
Bye, William H. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Charles L. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Cadmore, R. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, 0. S. 
Caffrey, John R. 
Cahill, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Cahill, Mrs. C. N. 
Cahill, William E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cain, Robert 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Cairnes, W. E. 
Caldwell, Jonathan Q. 
Calihan, Edward J. 
Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Callahan, B. E. 
Callahan, Charles D. 
Callan, T. J. 
Callanan, Charles J. 
Caloger, Philip D. 
Cameron, Anson, W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camino, Dr. Rudolph 
Camp, Jack L. 
Campbell, Colin L. 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Canary, Francis P. 
Canby, Caleb H., Ill 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Cantrell, Larry W. 
Cantwell, L. Yager 
Capek, Charles A. 
Capes, Miss Alice G. 



Capulli, Leonard R. 
Caracci, Joseph B. 
Carey, Robert P. 
Carl, Jack 

Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlen, Raymond N. 
Carlin, John P. 
Carlson, Mrs. LeRoy T. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carlton, Howard A. 
Carmell, Sherman 
Caro, Dr. Marcus R. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, Miss 

Catherine E. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, Albert J. 
Carr, B. L. 
Carr, Ernest J. 
Carroll, James 
Carroll, J. B. 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Cascino, Mrs. Anthony E. 
Casello, Philip F. 
Caserta, Dr. John A. 
Cassidy, Clayton G. 
Castanes, John C. 
Caster, John H. 
Catlin, Mrs. Kathleen 
Cavanaugh, Robert 
Cavanaugh, Roger M. 
Cella, John L. 
Cerami, Ned J. 
Cermak, George R. 
Cerny, Mrs. Jerome 
Cervenka, Carl 
Cervenka, George J. 
Chadwell, John T. 
Chadwick, George R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chandler, Marvin 
Chaplicki, Norbert L. 
Chapline, J. R. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chase, Thomas B. 
Chenicek, Dr. J. A. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Childs, Robert 

Livingston 
Childs, William C. 
Chilgren, Arthur D. 
Chinnock, Ronald J. 
Chodash, Benjamin B. 
Chorn, William G. 



152 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Chinlund, Daniel K. 
Chouinard, Carroll 
Christener, Ernest W. 
Christensen, Christian 
Christensen, John W. 
Christensen, Robert W. 
Christopher, Gale A. 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Christy, Dr. H. W. 
Churan, Miss Jessie 
Church, Freeman S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Claire, Richard S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clarke, Miss Lorena 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clarke, Thomas M. 
Clarke, Dr. T. Howard 
Clarkson, John L. 
Clary, Joseph F. 
Clausen, Carl F. 
Clausing, Mrs. 

George W. 
Cleaver, J. Benjamin 
Clement, Howard W. 
Clement, James W. 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clements, Mrs. Olen R. 
Cleveland, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Close, Gordon 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Coale, William F., Jr. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobden, George 
Coburn, Abbott 
Coburn, John T. 
Coburn, Maurice W. 
Cochrane, Mrs. 

Thomas H. 
Cody, Arthur C. 
Cody, James P. 
Cogan, John J. 
Coghlan, David L. 
Coe, Dr. George C. 
Coe, Lester 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Coey, David R. 
Cogan, Bernard J. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cogswell, Colby A. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 



Cohen, Maxim M. 
Cohen, Nathan M. 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, Aaron H. 
Cohn, Mrs. B. J. 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, Louis J. 
Cohn, Nathan M. 
Cohn, Mrs. Rose B. 
Cohon, Jack A. 
Coladarci, Peter 
Colbert, Leonard 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, Franklin A. 
Cole, Jack Z. 
Cole, Sander W. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Colegrove, Miss 

Charlotte A. 
Coleman, Selwyn 
Collias, Philip J. 
Collins, Julien 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Collinsworth, E. T., Jr. 
Colmar, John L. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Commerford, Mrs. 

Nicholas B. 
Compere, Dr. Edward L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 
Condon, E. J. 
Conedera, Mrs. Henry R. 
Conglis, Nicholas P. 
Conklin, Clarence R. 
Conley, Philip 
Conlin, Andrew F. 
Conlon, Mrs. F. Patrick 
Conn, Warner S. 
Conrad, Mrs. Arthur L. 
Considine, Dan J. 
Considine, Miss Doris G. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, James F. 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, George J. 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Cooperman, Morris M. 
Corbett, Mrs. Mitchell S. 
Corbett, Dr. Robert 
Corbin, Harold 

Harlow, Jr. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Corper, Philip 
Corrington, John W. 



Cory, Dr. C. D. 
Cosbey, Dr. Robert C. 
Costa, Verne T. 
Costello, A. B. 
Costello, Dr. Lome 
Cotterman, I. D. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coulter, Thomas H. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, Edward E. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowan, Ralph 
Cowen, Dr. Jack P. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, G. R. 
Cox, Dr. Henry L. 
Coyne, Thomas R. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cragg, Richard T. 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Crain, G. D., Jr. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crane, Earl D. 
Cravens, Mrs. Thomas R. 
Crawford, Mrs. Louis 
Crawford, Robert A. 
Crawford, Wallace L. 
Cretors, C. J. 
Crippen, Philip R., Jr. 
Crohn, Miss Natalie 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Cross, W. D., Jr. 
Crowley, George D. 
Crowson, George M. 
Cruttenden, James R. 
Cruttenden, 

Walter W., Jr. 
Cruttenden, 

Walter W., Sr. 
Cryor, Robert E. 
Cuca, James A. 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culbertson, John Carey 
Culbertson, S. A., II 
Culhane, Martin A. 
Cullen, J. A. 
Culmer, Dr. Charles U. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, James H. 
Curry, James L. 
Curtis, Glenn R. 



153 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cuthbert, Miss 
Florence W. 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutter, Charles F. 

Dabasinskas, Walter 
Daggett, Miss Dorothy 
Daggett, Walter R. 
Dahlberg, Theodore L. 
Dalkoff, Seymour 
Dahl, Miss Bernice 
Dahlgren, Lawrence J. 
Dahlin, Carl A. 
Daily, Orville G. 
D'Amico, Joseph S. 
Danders, Raymond A. 
Danforth, George Edson 
D'Angelo, Mrs. Dino 
Daniele, Dr. 

Dominick A. 
Daniels, Draper 
Daniels, J. Edgar 
Daniels, Herbert 
Darby, John H. 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Daro, August F. 
Darrow, William W. 
Dashow, Jules 
Daspit, Walter 
Dato, Edwin E. 
Dauwalter, F. Schuyler 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidow, Leonard S. 
Davidson, David 
Davidson, Mrs. Jack 
Davidson, William D. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Charles A. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, Howard J. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, James N. 
Davis, Miss Joan 
Davis, Paul H. 
Dawes, Charles C. 
Dawson, John W. 
Dawson, Dr. I. Milton 
Dawson, Ira T. 
Dean, Mrs. S. E., Jr. 
Dean, William Tucker 
Deardorff, Merle S. 
DeBolt, K. J. 
Debs, Mrs. Jerome H. 
Dechert, Curt H. 
Decker, Darrell D. 



De Costa, H. J. 

Dedmon, R. Emmett 

Dee, P. J. 

Deknatel, Frederick H., II 

Delaney, Frederick A. 

Delano, Lester A. 

de la Torre, Dr. Alberto 

De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 

Dellow, Reginald 

De Love, Mrs. Landon 

Delp, Larry 

Demme, Joseph P. 

Demos, Peter T. 

De Motte, R. J. 

Dempsey, Joseph E. 

Deneen, Miss Florence 

Denemark, A. F. 

Denman, Walter W. 

Dentz, Frank R. 

De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Dern, James G. 
Derry, Joshua J. D. 
Despres, Leon M. 
Dess, William 
De Stories, William J. 
Detmer, John F. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Devery, John J. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
Devoe, Carl 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton O. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Didricksen, J. W. 
Diffenbaugh, Dr. 

Willis G. 
Diggs, Mrs. N. Alfred 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Dill, Dr. Loran H. 
Diller, Theodore C. 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dimsdale, Mrs. David 
Dittrich, F. J. 
Dixon, Arthur 
Dixon, Lyman W. 
Dobbin, Robert A. 
Dobek, Edward W. 
Dobkin, I. 
Dobro, Henry 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodd, Stanley P. 
Dohner, Richard 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donigan, Robert W. 
Donner, Howard B. 
Donoghue, James V. 
Donovan, John J. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Doty, William M. 



Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Douglass, Richard W. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dow, Harry A., Jr. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Miss Alvertta 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drake, Mrs. R. Taylor 
Drangsholt, Mrs. 

Gunnar S. 
Drapier, Miss Louise 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Driscoll, George E. 
Duff, Philip G. 
Duffey, Richard 
Dulla, Steven J. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Duncan, Mrs. H. F. 
Duncan, J. Russell 
Dunkle, Raymond M., Jr. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, William E. 
Dunlop, Charles 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Durham, F. J. 
Durham, William E. 
Durrie, Paul H. 
Duty, J. E. 

Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 
Dyer, Robert T. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earlandson, Ralph 0. 
Earley, Mrs. Daisy 
Eastman, A. D. 
Eastwood, Mrs. 

Agnes R. 
Ebers, Earl S., Jr. 
Ebert, Carl H. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Mylrea 
Ebzery, Mrs. Angela 
Echt, George 
Eckert, Fred W. 
Eckert, Theodore T. 
Economos, James P. 
Economou, Dr. 

Steven G. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, J. E. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelman, Daniel J. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Ederer, E. A. 
Edes, Francis D. 
Edes, Samuel 
Edfors, Einar J. 
Edge, Peter 



154 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edleman, Alvin 
Edmonds, Thomas S. 
Edmunds, Mrs. John K. 
Edwards, Dr. Eugene A. 
Edwards, Herman C. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eglit, Nathan N. 
Ehren Walton F. 
Eiberg, Miss Alice 
Eiberg, Miss Olga 
Eigsti, O. J. 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisendrath, David C. 
Eisenstein, Harold L. 
Eiserman, Irving W. 
Eismann, William 
Eklund, Ernest A. 
Eklund, Roger 
Ekstrand, Richard L. 
Eldred, Miss Mary W. 
Elfenbaum, William 
Elfring, George E. 
Ellies, E. E. 
Elling, Winston 
Ellingsen, E. Melvin 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Elliott, Miss Grace E. 
Elliott, F. F. 
Ellis, Mrs. Benjamin F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph E. 
Ellison, Mrs. 
Clarence E. 
Ellison, Dave 
Ellner, L. A. 
Elmer, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Elver, Thomas 
Ely, Maurice R. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engelman, Robert S. 
Engh, Harold V. 
English, Miss Frances C. 
Engstrom, L. E. 
Enright, Kenneth G. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epeneter, J. O. 
Epsteen, Dr. Casper M. 
Epstein, Harvey 
Epton, Saul A. 
Erichsen, Mrs. Anna 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erickson, William N. 
Erman, Walter 
Ersfeld, Dr. John G. 
Erwin, Thomas 



Erzinger, Howard F. 
Eschbach, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esko, Sampson 
Esten, Miss Virginia 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Everett, Tolman G. 
Everote, Warren 
Ewart, Cyril 
Ewen, Gordon H. 

Faber, Stephen D. 
Factor, Mrs. Jerome 
Fagan, Miss Judith 
Fagan, Peter 
Fager, Raymond Alton 
Fagerson, Harold R. 
Fahey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Fairs, C. Ronald 
Fairweather, D. H. 
Faissler, John J. 
Faletti, Richard J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Falk, Mrs. C. B. 
Falk, Ralph, II 
Fallon, Charles M. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farber, Dr. Harry H. 
Farber, Lynn C. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farmer, Dr. Donald F. 
Farr, A. V. 

Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fasano, Joseph F. 
Fasman, Irving D. 
Faulkner, Earle C. 
Faurot, Robert S. 
Faverty, Clyde B. 
Fay, Clifford T., Jr. 
Fay, William E., Jr. 
Feeley, James P. 
Feely, Thomas P. 
Feinberg, Louis 
Felker, C. V. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Fenemore, Miss 

Elisabeth 
Fenn, John F. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Ferguson, William E. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 



Fetridge, William 

Harrison 
Fetzer, Wade, Jr. 
Feuchtwanger, Sidney 
Feulner, Edwin 
Fey, Edward J. 
Fey, Dr. Richard W. 
Fiduccia, C. B. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fiffer, Robert S. 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Filerman, Arthur 
Filipetti, George E. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Finley, P. C. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Firth, M. S. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Bernard M. 
Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Lawrence R. 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Mrs. Thomas 
Fishman, Isadore 
Fishman, Jacob M. 
Fishman, Dr. Jerome 
Fishman, Julius 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Max 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fiske, Mrs. Donald W. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzer, Joseph B. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, Miss 

Mary K. 
Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Fitz Simmons, Dr. J. 
Flacks, Reuben S. 
Flaherty, Miss Helen 
Flanagan, Dr. James B. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleischman, Bernard 
Fleischman, Philip A. 
Fleming, E. I. 
Fleming, Dr. James F. 
Flemming, Miss A. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, Mrs. Mildred C. 
Fletcher, V. J. 
Flick, Frank 
Flinn, Walter H., Jr. 
Flint, George M. 
Floreen, Adolph R. 



155 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Flowers, Dr. Vladimir C. 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Follett, Dwight 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Ford, D. G. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Fort, George A. 
Foster, Mrs. Kellam 
Foulks, E. E. 
Foulks, William 
Fourcade, Reverend 

Michael, S. I. 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earl B.j 
Fox, Arthur E. 
Fox, Dr. Benum W. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, George J. 
Fox, Irvin J. 
Fox, John Jay, Jr. 
Fraker, Charles D. 
Frale, Anthony M. 
Francis, Dean D. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Curtiss E. 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Maurice A. 
Franke, Allyn J. 
Franklin, Ben L. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Frauen, Hermann 
Freeark, Mrs. Ray H. 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, C. R. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Gaylord A. 
Freeman, Jack 
Freeman, John 
Freeman, Kernal 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
French, William C, Jr. 
Freudenfeld, Mrs. Silvia 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friedsam, A. C. 
Friendlander, Max B. 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Fritts, W. N. 
Frost, Henry C. 
Fruh, Arthur W. 
Frye, W. P. 
Fuchs, J. D. 



Fucik, E. Montford 
Fucik, Frank M. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. 

Eugene White 
Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fuller, Perry L. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Furth, Lee J. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gabric, Ralph A. 
Gadau, Harry L. 
Gage, John N. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Gall, Frank 

Gallagher, Arthur J., Jr. 
Gallagher, Mrs. 

Geraldine 
Gallarneau, Hugh H. 
Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Gallo, Alfred E. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gannaway, Robert K. 
Gannett, Gordon H., Jr. 
Gannon, John 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Garcia, Miss Mary 
Gardner, W. Kelly 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garrod, Stanley H. 
Garrick, Dr. Samuel 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gatter, Lincoln O. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gaudian, Chester M. 
Gaudio, James C. 
Gawthrop, Alfred 
Gawthorp, H. H. 
Gaylord, Mrs. Ruth K. 
Gearen, John J. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gehlbach, H. Hunter 
Gehringer, C. G. 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genematas, William N. 
Genther, Charles B. 
George, Nelson C. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Miss 

Margaret G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Geraghty, Thomas F., Jr. 
Gerbie, Dr. Albert B. 
Gerlofson, Dr. Hugo 
Gerrard, J. M. 



Geter, Howard D., Sr. 
Getzoff, Byron M. 
Giacobe, Mrs. Anthony 
Gibbs, George M. 
Gibson, Joseph P., Jr. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Gignilliat, Lee R., Jr. 
Gifford, Frederic Z. 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Gilchrist, Dr. 

Ronald W. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Giles, John O. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Giller, Wadsworth Serre 
Gillespie, Billy B. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillies, Fred M. 
Gilmer, Frank B. 
Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 
Glassner, James J. 
Gleave, Winston 
Glick, Edward R. 
Glockner, Maurice 
Glore, Hixon 
Glover, Chester L. 
Glover, Grange J. 
Gluck, Gerson I. 
Gober, Miss Martha P. 
Goddard, A. L. 
Godfrey, Joe 
Godlowski, Dr. Z. Z. 
Godwin, Dr. Melvin C. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Goldberg, Charles K. 
Golden, John R. 
Goldenson, Abner 
Goldsmith, A. J. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goltra, Chester N. 
Gomberg, Arthur S. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodman, Benjamin E. 
Goodman, Howard 
Goodrich, Mrs. Alice 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodrich, Paul W. 
Goodson, Orr 
Gopp, Leonard W. 



156 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Gordon, Mrs. Debora 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gordon, Norman 
Gore, Mrs. Roston 
Gorham, Willett N. 
Gorham, Sidney S., Jr. 
Gornick, Francis P. 
Gornstein, Dr. H. C. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Goshert, Miss Ruth 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gottschall, Robert V. 
Gougler, Lawrence W. 
Goward, Lincoln R. 
Grams, Herbert 
Grams, William 
Graham, Mrs. A. T. 
Graham, David 
Graham, Donald M. 
Graham, Gerald J. 
Graham, Dr. Henry I. 
Graham, Dr. James F. 
Graham, Dr. John P. 
Granger, Mrs. Denise 
Grannan, Emmet 
Grant, Gordon B. 
Grant, Louis Z. 
Grant, Michael 
Grant, Paul 
Grasty, J. S., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Cola A. 
Gray, Miss Myrene 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Mrs. George L. 
Greenberg, S. U. 
Greenfield, Paul J. 
Greenlaw, S. F. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Grentzner, C. A. 
Grenwood, Bernard J. 
Griffiths, G. Findley 
Griglik, Casimir 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Groble, Edward B. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grosscup, Edward E. 
Grossman, Arthur 
Grossner, Joseph 
Grote, Russell H. 
Groves, Mrs. Northa P. 
Gruendel, George H. 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guelich, Robert V. 
Guenzel, Paul W. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Guetzkow, Harold S. 



Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunderson, Gunnar E. 
Gunness, Robert C. 
Gurvey, Harry E. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Gwinn, R. P. 
Gwinn, Dr. R. P. 

Haberman, Morton 
Hachmeister, A. W. 
Hachtman, George E. 
Haddad, Louis J. 
Haddow, William 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagedorn, William R. 
Hagen, Mrs. Melvin J. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagstrom, Joseph G. 
Hagues, David N. 
Hagues, Mrs. David N. 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Haigh, Arthur H. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Hailand, Arthur G. 
Hajduk, Dr. J. M. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hales, Mrs. Burton W. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Charles R. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Harry C. 
Hall, John L. 
Halla, Mrs. Joseph, Jr. 
Hallahan, Daniel J. 
Hallauer, Edward W. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Franklin 
Haller, Louis P. 
Hallihan, Edward E. 
Hallmann, Ernest H. 
Halouska, Joseph 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Halvorson, Harold L. 
Halvorson, Kenneth A. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Miss Alice 
Hamilton, Andrew C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. George B. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hammond, James W. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Handzik, George J. 



Hanelin, Dr. Henry A. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hanna, John C. 
Hannaford, Miss 

Mildred L. 
Hansen, Mrs. C. E. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hansen, James 
Hansen, Robert S. 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Harbaugh, Watson D. 
Harding, William H. 
Hardt, William M., II 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Julian H. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 
Harig, Herbert 
Harig, Karl 
Harkrider, Raymond 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Irving B. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, Robert Bruce 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Harrow, Joseph 
Harsha, E. Houston 
Hart, Chester C. 
Hart, Eugene G. 
Hart, Henry A. 
Hart, Herbert L. 
Hart, James A. 
Hart, Miss Nettie 
Hart, William G. 
Hartigan, Miss Catherine 
Hartigan, L. J. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartman, Victor 
Hartung, Miss 

Elizabeth M. 
Harvey, Byron 
Harvey, Emmett C. 
Harvey, James D. 
Harwood, Robert I. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Hasek, Dr. V. O. 
Hasler, Mrs. Edward L. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassen, Samuel 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hattis, Robert E. 



157 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauck, Cornelius J. 
Haug, Miss Elsie L. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Hawley, F. W., Jr. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayde, Miss Alice 
Hayes, Daniel T. 
Hayes, Edward G. 
Hayes, Miss Hatti 
Hayes, James F. 
Hayes, John J. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Gideon, Jr. 
Hayley, Lewis Y. L. 
Haynie, Miss Nellie V. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hayward, Thomas Z. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Head, James D. 
Head, Russell N. 
Healy, Laurin H. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Heath, William O. 
Heberling, W. S. 
Hebenstreit, Dr. K. J. 
Hecht, Frederick Charles 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedin, Walter L. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heeren, Jack 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heffron, Kenneth C. 
Heggie, Miss Helen 
Hehnke, John 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heiland, John G. 
Hein, Leonard W. 
Heinekamp, Raymond A. 
Heineman, Ben W. 
Heinen, Dr. Helen 
Heinen, Dr. J. Henry, Jr. 
Heinze, Mrs. 

Bessie Neuberg 
Heirich, Bruneau E. 
Helgason, Ami 
Helmer, Hugh J. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, H. Harry 
Hendrickson, H. L. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, Herman H. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 
Henner, William Edward 
Henningsen, Jack 



Henri, W. B. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdrich, Ralph C. 
Herman, Sol W. 
Hermann, Grover M. 
Herring, H. B. 
Herrschner, Frederick 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heuser, Arthur W. 
Hewitt, Alfred G. 
Heymann, Robert L. 
Heyne, Norman E. 
Hickey, Matthew J., Jr. 
Higgins, Miss Margaret 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hilf, J. Homer 
Hilker, Mrs. Marion 
Hilkevitch, Dr. A. A. 
Hilkevitch, Dr. 

Benjamin H. 
Hill, Charles W. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, David A. 
Hill, Mrs. David A. 
Hill, Dormand S. 
Hill, Hoyt S. 
Hill, Mrs. Ivan 
Hill, James J. 
Hill, John M. 
Hill, Kenneth V. 
Hill, Sidney R. 
Hiller, Rembrandt C, Jr. 
Hillier, William H. 
Hillis, G. 

Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hindmarch, Alan 
Hines, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Hingson, George D. 
Hinshaw, Joseph H. 
Hirsch, Erich 
Hirsch, Dr. Lawrence L. 
Hirsch, Milton W. 
Hirsch, Samuel 
Hirschfeld, Carl 
Hirsh, Herbert. W. 
Hirshberg, Robert 
Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E. 
Hitshew, R. M. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hixson, Hebron 
Hoage, Earl W. 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobbs, Charles H. 
Hobbs, Mrs. J. P. 
Hobscheid, Fred J. 
Hochberg, Jerome J. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 



Hocking, Charles H. 
Hoddinott, B. J. 
Hodgdon, Donald G. 
Hodges, Colonel Duncan 
Hodges, F. Robert 
Hodgkins, William P., Jr. 
Hodgman, Mrs. 

Charles R., Jr. 
Hoefer, A. J. 
Hoehler, Fred K. 
Hoeltgen, Dr. 

Maurice M. 
Hoffman, A. C. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Dr. Eugene 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holden, Harold M. 
Holden, Randall T. 
Holland, Arthur M. 
Holland, Cyrus E. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Morris Z. 
Hollander, Alvin B. 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holliday, Preston H. 
Hollis, Dr. Robert H. 
Holloman, L. C, Jr. 
Holloway, Charles C. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Holmes, John B. 
Holmes, John S. 
Holmes, Ralph 
Holt, Dr. Helen 
Holubow, Harry 
Homan, Joseph 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Walter P. 
Hoover, James C. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hord, Stephen Y. 
Horn, L. H. 
Hornburg, Arthur C. 
Horner, Dr. Imre E. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Hoshell, Robert J. 
Hossack, Arthur L. 
Houck, Irvin E. 
Houck, L. E. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 
Hough, Charles F. 



158 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Houha, Vitus J. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, Harvey H. 
Howard, John 
Howard, John K. 
Howard, Philip L. 
Howard, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Howe, Miss Alice 
Howe, Walter L. 
Howe, William J. 
Howell, Thomas M., Jr. 
Hoy, Pat 

Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hubbart, Mrs. J. Roy 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, George L. 
Hudson, William J. 
Humm, Joseph 
Hummel, Mrs. Fred E. 
Hummel, J. W. 
Hummer, William B. 
Humphrey, Eugene X. 
Humphrey, Mrs. H. D. 
Humphreys, Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunt, John W. 
Hunt, Michael 
Hunt, Miss Ruth 
Hunt, Theodore W. 
Hunt, William R. 
Hunter, Mrs. 
Florence H. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hunter, Lemuel B. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hutcheson, M. F. 
Hutchings, John A. 
Hutchins, Chauncey K. 
Hutchins, John S. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hyde, Milton E. 
Hyde, Mrs. Willis O. 
Hyer, W. G. T. 
Hyman, Harold 
Hynes, D. P. 

Iaccino, Paul A. 
I ekes, Mrs. Wilmarth 
Ignowski, Vincent P. 
Igoe, Michael L., Jr. 
Imes, Miss Martha 
Impey, Charles E. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Insley, Robert 
Insolia, James V. 
Ireland, Robert 
Irons, Dr. Edwin N. 
Irons, Spencer E. 
Irvin, John C. 



Irwin, A. J. 
Isaacs, George 
Isaacs, Roger D. 
Isaacs, T. J. 
Iversen, Lee 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jacker, Norbert S. 
Jackman, Warren 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jacobs, Aaron M. 
Jacobs, Miss Barbara 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Maurice H. 
Jacobs, Mel van M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jaffe, Aaron 
Jaffe, Harry 
Jaffe, Julius C. 
James, Ralph C. 
James, Russell B. 
James, William E. 
Jameson, A. R. 
Janes, Otto 
Jantorni, Albert J. 
Jarecki, R. A. 
Jarrell, James H. 
Jarrow, Stanley L. 
Jastromb, Samuel 
Jay, Richard H. 
Jean-Baptiste, Dr. 

Georges 
Jeffers, Howard F. 
Jelinek, Carl M. 
Jelm, Theodore E. 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, B. J. 
Jennings, Mrs. 

James W. 
Jens, Arthur M., Jr. 
Jensen, Henry J. 
Jensen, James A. 
Jensen, Meredith 

St. George 
Jensen, W. J. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Joffe, M. H. 
John, Rex K., Jr. 
Johnson, Clarence 
Johnson, Miss 

Donna Lee 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Edward F. 
Johnson, Emil T. 
Johnson, Ernest L. 
Johnson, Howard J. 
Johnson, Mrs. Mabel S. 
Johnson, N. Howard 



Johnson, Mrs. Norma O. 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, Ray T. 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnson, Ray Prescott 
Johnson, Robert K. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Johnstone, Horman H. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jones, Edgar A. 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, George W. 
Jones, Loring M. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. 

Walter Clyde, Sr. 
Jordon, Castle W. 
Jordan, Dr. John W. 
Jordan, Robert E. 
Jordan, W. Beaumont 
Jorgensen, Paul 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Joyce, William W. 
Juley, John 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurica, Rev. Hilary S. 
Juzwick, E. A. 

Kachigian, Michael M. 
Kadin, Dr. Milton M. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kaleta, Charles J. 
Kalwajtys, R. S. 
Kamin, William C. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kammholz, T. C. 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, James J. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion 0. 
Kanelos, Frank S. 
Kangles, Constantine N. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kanter, Melvin 
Kaplan, Alvin L. 
Kaplan, Harvey 
Kaplan, Dr. Lawrence 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karbiner, Louis C. 
Kargman, Wallace I. 
Karlin, Daniel 
Karlin, Irving M. 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Karlos, Anthony C. 
Karmatz, Mrs. 
Ramonda Jo 
Karst, Lambert P. 



159 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Kart, Eugene 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kash, Bernard B. 
Katz, Miss Jessie 
Katz, Meyer 
Katzin, Samuel N. 
Kaufman, Daniel D. 
Kauffman, Theo., Jr. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kayner, John C. 
Kearney, E. L. 
Kearney, Marshall V. 
Keating, Edward 
Keator, Harry F., Jr. 
Keck, George 
Keck, Mathew 
Keck, Richard B. 
Keck, Dr. W. L. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keeler, Carl R., Jr. 
Keith, Elbridge 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, Mrs. J. E. 
Keller, M. J. 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kelley, John F. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Dr. Frank B. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, John E., Jr. 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kemp, R. M. 
Kendall, Claude 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, David M. 
Kennedy, Henry Warner 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy, Taylor L. 
Kent, Edward C. 
Kentor, William E. 
Kenyon, Dr. A. T. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kerr, William D. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Ketteman, Dr. 

Charles H. 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Kiddoo, Guy C. 
Kieffer, Ralph C. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kilmnick, M. L. 
Kimball, Charles H. G. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kincaid, Dr. Clement J. 
Kincheloe, Samuel C. 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, Forest A. 



King, Mrs. Garfield 
King, H. R. 
King, John D. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, M. D., Jr. 
King, Robert H. 
King, Thomas R. 
King, Willard L. 
King, William H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Kinne, Harry C, Sr. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kissel, Ben D. 
Kiszely, Karl S., Jr. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Kjelstrom, Paul C. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Kleeman, Richard E. 
Klefstad, Si vert 
Klehm, Howard G. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klein, William P. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Arthur 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knell, Boyd 

Knoebel, Mrs. Walter H. 
Knorr, Amos K. 
Knorr, Thomas H. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koenig, Philip F. 
Koenigsberg, Max 
Koff, Dr. Robert H. 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Louis 
Kolar, George G. 
Kolflat, Alf 

Kollar, Dr. John A., Jr. 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korschot, Benjamin C. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Korshak, Saul 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kot, Henry C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kovalick, W. W. 
Kraft, Maurice M. 
Kraft, Ralph B. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Dr. George M. 



Kramer, Harry G., Jr. 
Kramer, Leroy, Jr. 
Kramer, L. H. 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Kratsch, Charles 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Krebs, Walter 0. 
Kreer, Henry B. 
Krehl, Rico B. 
Krensky, Arthur M. 
Kreuger, C. W. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kritzer, Richard W., Sr. 
Kroehler, Delmar L. 
Kroch, Carl A. 
Kroeschell, Mrs. Roy 
Kroll, Harry 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krzeminski, Stanley J. 
Kuchar, Mrs. Marie 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuhn, Overton F. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
Kullman, F. H., Jr. 
Kunin, Maxwell 
Kurtz, George H. 
Kurtz, Thomas D. 
Kurtz, William O., Jr. 
Kutza, Dr. Michael J. 
Kuzmiak, William M. 

Laadt, Dr. John R. 
Lachman, Harold 
Lafferty, Dr. Charles 
Lagerholm, 

Ferdinand W. 
Lagorio, Dr. 

Francis A., Jr. 
Laidlaw, John 
Laidlaw, John, Jr. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Kenneth 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Charles W., Jr. 
Lambe, Clinton 
Lamos, Mrs. Emil 
Lancaster, Oscar L., Jr. 
Lance, O. C. 
Landau, S. J. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Lang, Neal 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langford, Joseph P. 



160 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larson, Leslie S. 
Larson, Simon P. 
LaRue, Victor E. 
LaSalle, Miss Janet A. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Lasher, Willard K. 
Laterza, Michael F. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lauder, T. E. 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 

Lawrence, Dr. Charles H. 
Laws, Theodore H. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Laurion, J. L. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lazar, Charles 
Leander, Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Lee, Mrs. Agnes 
Lee, Bernard F. 
Lee, Bertram Z. 
Leeb, Mrs. H. A. 
Leffler, F. O. 
Le Goff, Montgomery 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehmann, Robert 0. 
LeHockey, D. M. 
Leigh, Kenneth G. 
Leigh ton, Mrs. Arthur J. 
Leimbacher, R. C. 
Leiner, John G. 
Leland, Samuel 
LeMauk, Brian Charles 
Lensing, Edward C, Jr. 
Leonard, Mrs. Ray W. 
Leopold, Robert L. 
Leslie, John H. 
Leslie, Orren S. 
Lester, Mrs. Robert 
Leveau, Mrs. Carl W. 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levin, Bernard W. 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levin, Sidney D. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levitan, Moses 
Levitt, Dr. Judith U. 
Levy, Albert H. 
Levy, Bennett S. 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Harold W. 
Lewis, Louis J. 



Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Liebenow, Robert C. 
Lieber, Maury 
Lieber, Philip A. 
Lietz, T. W. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lighter, Willard C. 
Liljedahl, Miss Edna V. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillienfield, C. H. 
Limarzi, Dr. Louis R. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindquist, A. J. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linn, Mrs. W. Scott 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Lipsey, A. A. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
List, Stuart 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Liszka, Stanley J. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Litsinger, Fred G. 
Litten, Chapin 
Littig, H. L. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Llewellyn, Karl N. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, William Bross, Jr. 
Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lockwood, Maurice H. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loebl, Jerrold 
Loeffler, Julius 
Loehde, Mrs. William 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Sidney 
Logan, Seymour N. 
Logelin, Edward C. 
Long, H. Dale 
Long, R. E. 
Longwill, Donald E. 
Lonnes, Leon 
Lonnon, Mrs. 

Raymond G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Lov, Gustav L. 



Love, John T. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, Harold 
Lovejoy, Mrs. Winfred L. 
Lovell, Endicott R. 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Lowden, James E. 
Lowe, Edmund W. 
Lowe, Walter L. 
Lowe, William H. 
Lowrie, Raymond P. 
Lowy, Walter H. 
Luce, Richard 
Lueders, Ralph J. 
Luick, Mrs. D. J. 
Luftig, Victor M. 
Lukas, A. W. 
Luken, Mrs. J. H. 
Luken, M. G., Jr. 
Lund, Bjarne, Jr. 
Lundberg, Robert 
Lurie, George S. 
Lurie, S. C. 
Luthmers, Francis E. 
Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lynch, Miss Georgia A. 
Lynch, V. Reges 
Lynch, William J., Jr. 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Dr. Samuel S. 
Lyons, Michael H. 
Lytle, Merwin Q. 

MacChesney, Mrs. 

Brunson 
MacCowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Maciunas, Dr. A. 
Mack, Edward E., Jr. 
Mack, John J. 
Mack, Dr. Ronald B. 
Mackaye, Mrs. M. R. 
Mackel, Dr. Audley M. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
Mackler, Dr. S. Allen 
Mackoff, Dr. Herman 
MacKrell, F. C. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macnaughton, Mrs. M. F. 
Macomb, J. deNavarre 
Madden, John 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Man, George G. 



161 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Maher, James P. 
Maier, Dr. Roe J. 
Main, Charles O. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Majerus, Paul W. 
Major, Frank A. 
Malato, Stephen A. 
Mallegg, 0. 0. 
Mailer, Dr. Adolph M. 
Mamby, Dr. Audley R. 
Mandel, Sidney W. 
Mangan, Francis 
Mangan, Dr. Frank P. 
Mangan, Maurice D. 
Mangier, Fred J. 
Mann, Earle A. 
Mann, Dr. Philip 
Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Dr. John J. 
Manning, Mrs. 

Paul D. V. 
Mannion, John F. 
Maragos, Samuel C. 
Marcus, Abel 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Mark, E. E. 
Markey, Howard T. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert I. 
Markman, Simeon K. 
Marks, Frank O. 
Marks, Ira G. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marshall, Frank G. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Alvah T. 
Martin, Eldon 
Martin, Mrs. 

Louise CM. 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Marx, Victor E. 
Marxer, Homer B. 
Maschgan, Dr. Erich R. 
Mashek, V. F., Jr. 
Mason, Harvey R. 
Mass, Marvin L. 
Massey, Richard W. 
Masters, Eugene W. 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Matera, Dr. Charles R. 



Matheson, Martin H. 
Mathey, H. C, Jr. 
Mathewson, Mrs. Esther 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Mathis, Miss Christine 
Matson, H. M. 
Matter, Joseph A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Mattingly, Fred B. 
Mauritz, Waldo 
Maxon, R. C. 
Maxwell, John M. 
Maxwell, Robert E. 
Maxwell, W. R. 
Maxwell, Dr. William L. 
May, Sol 
Mayer, Frederick 
Mayer, Harold M. 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Mayfield, W. A. 
Maynard, Robert W. 
Mc Arthur, A. Peter N. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McCabe, Frank J., Jr. 
McCaffrey, J. L. 
McCall, Dr. I. R. 
McCally, Frank D. 
McCallister, James 

Maurice 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloska, Fred W. 
McCloud, Bentley G., Jr. 
McClure, Robert A. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, E. R. 
McCoy, George R. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdy, Ray J. 
McCurry, Paul D. 
McDermott, Edward H. 
McDermott, Franklin 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Mrs. Mary 
McDougal, Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 



McDowell, Thomas E. 
McEwan, Mrs. 

Thomas S. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGowen, Thomas N. 
McGraw, Durmont W. 
McGreevy, Robert J. 
McGrew, Edwin H. 
MeGuffin, James P. 
McGuire, E. F. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
Mclntyre, James 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKnight, L. G. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLaren, Richard W. 
McLary, M. R. 
McLaughlin, James P. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaury, Mrs. 

Walker G. 
McLean, Edward C. 
McLeod, William 
McLetchie, Hugh S. 
McMahon, Mrs. 

Daniel P. 
McMahon, James P. 
McManus, J. L. 
McMillan, Dr. E. L. 
McNair, Frank 
McNally, Andrew, III 
McNamara, 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 
McNear, Everett C. 
McNulty, Joseph M. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McTier, Samuel E. 
Mead, Dr. Irene T. 
Megan, Graydon 
Megowen, E. J. 
Mehaffey, Robert V. 
Mehn, Dr. W. Harrison 
Meier, Mrs. Florence K. 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meissner, John F. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Mellinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mendelsohn, Dr. 

Robert S. 



162 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Mendizabal, Dr. 

Francisco 
Mentzer, John P. 
Menzner, Mrs. 

Howard B. 
Merker, George 
Merrill, Raymond K. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mervis, David C. 
Mesenbrink, Paul H. 
Mesirow, Norman 
Metcalfe, Mrs. Charles 
Metcoff, Eli 
Metz, Carl A. 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Carl 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Harold W. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, L. E. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyers, Grant U. 
Meyers, S. E. 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michaels, Joseph M. 
Michaels, Ralph 
Michels, Henry W., Jr. 
Mickie, Walter 
Miehls, Don G. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Mildren, Miss Sarah E. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arthur J., Jr. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Dr. Cecelia E. 
Miller, Chester M. 
Miller, Miss Esther A. 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Glenn R. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, Henry E. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Thomas S. 
Miller, Wesley C. 
Miller, William B., Jr. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. William W. 
Mills, Walter B. 
Milne, Mrs. David H. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mitchell, George 
Mittleman, Eugene 



Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Moburg, Gerry 
Mohl, Arthur F. 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Mohr, Clarence 
Moinichen, Sigfred L. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molnar, Charles 
Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Moore, Mrs. Carl R. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Edwin R. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moore, Miss Ruth S. 
Moran, Frank W. 
Moran, J. Alfred 
Moran, Miss Margaret L. 
Morava, John H. 
Mordock, John B. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, G. Walker 
Morgan, K. P. 
Morgan, Mark C. 
Morley, Robert T. 
Moroni, Harry E., Jr. 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morris, Wyllys K. 
Morstadt, Arthur H. 
Mortimer, Charles A. 
Morton, Howard C. 
Morrison, D. K. 
Moss, Jerry 
Mottier, C. H. 
Moulding, Mrs. 

Arthur T. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyers, Mrs. George W. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mugg, Charles L. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullaney, Paul L. 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Munn, Mrs. Albert E. 
Munnecke, Robert C. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Murphy, Edward F. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Michael P. 
Murphy, Stephen M. 
Murray, Edward 



Murray, McGarry P. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myers, W. L. 

Nachman, H. S. 
Naghten, John Mullin 
Nagler, K. B. 
Nagy, Dr. Andrew 
Nardi, Victor C. 
Naser, Charles F. 
Nash, Mrs. Herbert 
Nash, R. D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Leonard 
Nathan, Dr. Lester A. 
Naughton, Dr. Thomas J. 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
Neal, Mrs. Herman 
Nedoss, Dr. H. P. 
Neeley, Albert E. 
Neiburger, Herman A. 
Neilson, Madison P. 
Nelson, Mrs. 

Arnold C, Jr. 
Nelson, C. E. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, Knute 
Nelson, Lincoln K. 
Nelson, William H. 
Nemeroff, Maurice 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Neufeld, Dr. 

Evelyn A. Rinallo 
Neukuckatz, John 
Newcombe, Leo 
Newell, Mark K. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, Ernest L. 
Newton, Lee Craig 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblick, James F. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dwight 
Nicol, Charles W. 
Nielsen, George 
Nilles, B. P. 
Nilsson, Erik 
Nippert, Louis 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Nixon, Charles A. 
Noel, Albert E. 
Noel, Emil 
Nooden, Robert A. 
Noonan, T. Clifford 
Noonan, William A., Jr. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norris, Mrs. James 



163 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Norris, Ross A. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, William S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Charles E. 
Norton, Michael J. 
Norton, Walter M. 
Noyes, Mrs. Ernest 
Nugent, Dr. Oscar B. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oberfelder, Joseph H. 
Oberlander, Dr. 

Andrew J. 
O'Boyle, C. Robert 
O'Brien, Dr. Donald E. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, Dr. George F. 
O'Brien, Mrs. 

Mae Sexton, Jr. 
O'Brien, William L. 
O'Callaghan, Mrs. F. M. 
Ocasek, Dr. M. F. 
O' Conner, P. K. 
O'Connor, Hugh J. 
O'Connor, John B. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor, Thomas S. 
O'Connor, William E. 
Odell, Dr. Clarence B. 
Oden, Dr. Joshua 
Odiaga, Dr. Ignacio 
Oester, Dr. Y. T. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Dr. James J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
O'Kieffe, De Witt 
Old, Admiral Francis P. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, William S. 
Ollendorff, Klaus 
Olsen, Clarence 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin Franklin 
O'Malley, Patrick L. 
O'Neal, O. W. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Opie, Earle F. 
Orlikoff, Richard 
Orr, Mrs. Max D. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Orth, Gustave 
Osann, Edward W., Jr. 
Osborne, Nathan G. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Oscar, Robert E. 
Osgood, Stacy W. 

164 



O'Shaughnessy, James B. 
O'Toole, John J. 
Ott, John C. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Ovenu, Dr. Harold 
Overmeyer, Franklin R. 
Overton, George W., Jr. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 

Pacer, T. S. 

Pachman, Dr. Daniel J. 
Packard, Miss 
Emmy Lou 
Paden, Mrs. Keith L. 
Padrick, E. B. 
Paffhausen, J. V. 
Pakel, John, Sr. 
Palais, Gordon K. 
Palmer, Dr. John M. 
Palmer, O. Earl 
Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Paradee, Sidney A. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parmer, John F. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Parshall, Stephen 
Paschal, John William 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Pascus, Arnold W. 
Patterson, Stewart 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patton, James Thomas 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, L. O. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Paveza, Charles 
Paxton, A. E. 
Payes, William J., Jr. 
Payson, Randolph 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Peck, Stewart T. 
Peckler, Dr. David A. 
Pellettiere, Joseph J. 
Pellouchoud, Vernon J. 
Pelz, William W. 
Pendexter, J. F. 
Penn, Kurt G. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Richard J. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pennigsdorf, Lutz 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Pepper, Richard S. 
Percy, Mrs. Charles H. 
Peregrine, Moore W. 



Peregrine, Roy I. 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, Lawrence B. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlstein, Miss Sarah M. 
Perrigo, Charles R. 
Perry, Mrs. Arnold 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Peskin, Bernard W. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, Clifford J. 
Peterson, H. R. 
Peterson, Harold E. 
Peterson, 0. Ewald 
Peterson, O. C. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Peterson, Victor H. 
Peterson, Walter J. 
Petty, Dr. David T. 
Petty, P. E. 
Pfarrer, W. H. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipsborn, Herbert F. 
Piatek, Stanley R. 
Pick, O. M. 
Pierson, D. Robert 
Pierson, Roy J. 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
Pinsof, Philip 
Piper, Warren Peter 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Pitts, Henry L. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Plotnick, Dr. I. Robert 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pohl, Dr. Carl M. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pool, E. J. 
Pope, George J. 
Pope, J. W. 
Poppell, Tyson E. 
Porter, L. W. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Joseph John 
Potter, Dr. Robert 

Morse 
Potts, Dr. Willis J. 
Powers, Carl J. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Preble, Mrs. Robert, Jr. 
Press, Robert M. 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Frank G. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, J. H. 
Priebe, Frank A. 
Prince, Howard C. 
Prince, Kenneth C. 
Prince, William Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Pringle, Don 
Prins, D. J. B. 
Prior, Frank O. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Marvin E. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Provus, B. B. 
Pugh, Jonathan 
Pullman, Frederick C. 
Purdy, J. D. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, B. H. 
Putnam, Edmond D. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quackenboss, Thomas C. 
Querl, E. P. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 
Dorothy W. 
Radford, George 
Rahl, Mrs. James A. 
Raleigh, Dr. William T. 
Ramsey, Lon W. 
Rand, A. B. 
Randell, A. C. 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Ransom, Robert C, Sr. 
Rapp, George J. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 
Ratner, Mozart G. 
Ray, Hugh L. 
Rayfield, Rutherford P. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Raysa, Richard S. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Read, George S. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Rearick, Arden J. 



Reda, Edward E. 
Redcliffe, R. L. 
Redfield, C. Truman 
Redmond, William A. 
Reed, Mrs. Charles A. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Rees, Lester G. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeves, George C. 
Refakes, A. J. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 
Reichert, Dr. John M. 
Reichmann, Richard S. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reid, Fred T. 
Reid, Samuel S. 
Reider, William A. 
Reidy, T. Hamil 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiner, John S., Sr. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Reitman, M. R. 
Renald, Joseph P. 
Renner, Carl 
Rennicke, Norbett G. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Resnikoff, George J. 
Revnes, Richard 
Reynolds, James A., Jr. 
Rhead, Dr. Clifton C. 
Rhines, James E. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rich, Franklin J. 
Rich, George, III 
Rich, Joseph E. 
Rich, Keith 
Rich, R. Joseph 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Mrs. Oron E. 
Rickcords, Mrs. Francis 

Stanley 
Ridenour, G. L. 
Ridley, Douglas 
Rieg, George S. 
Riegel, Malcolm S. 
Riegler, Eugene 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, W. R. 
Riha, Frank J. 
Riker, Dr. William L. 
Riley, Earl K. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Ringenberg, Wade R. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rink, George A. 



Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Riva, Joseph P. 
Rix, Mrs. Bernard J. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Charles S. 
Roberts, Harry V. 
Roberts, J. K. 
Roberts, William E. 
Robinson, C. Snelling 
Robinson, Milton D. 
Robinson, Richard F. 
Robinson, R. W. 
Robinson, W. H. 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochetto, Mrs. Evelyn 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Roderick, Mrs. 

Howard F. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodman, George E. 
Rodriguez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogal, Mrs. Helen L. 
Rogers, Alfred M. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rogers, Owen 
Rogers, Mrs. Richard L. 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rohloff, Paul F. 
Rohn, Mrs. Esther E. 
Rohr, Dr. F. W. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Rolfe, John M. 
Rolfing, Mrs. R. C. 
Rollman, Justin A. 
Roman, B. F. 
Rome, Samuel 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Roos, Miss Virginia M. 
Rootberg, Philip 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Rose, Ralph 
Roseland, J. G. 
Roseman, Joseph A., Jr. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernard 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 

Milly M. 
Roshkind, Allan I. 
Rosier, C. H. 



165 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Rosner, Manuel 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Rosset, Harry 
Rossman, Theodore 
Rossow, Mrs. Phylis 
Rotchford, J. Stuart 
Rotenberry, Dean 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 
Roth, Walter L. 
Rothermel, Sam A. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Roulston, Robert J. 
Rowe, F. B. 
Rowe, R. G. 
Royds, Arthur V. 
Rozmarek, Charles 
Rudd, N. H. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rudin, Louis E. 
Ruehlmann, William R. 
Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rummell, Darwin M. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 
Rundin, Walter C, Jr. 
Runions, Mrs. Eugene 

Smith 
Runzel, William L., Jr. 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Russell, Mrs. Paul 
Russell, W. Hunter 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, George L. 
Rutherford, James E. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, David C. 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryerson, Anthony M. 
Ryser, Frank 
Ryser, Werner 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Saccone, Joseph A., Jr. 
Sachar, Bernard 
Sachs, Arthur B. 
Sachs, Irving J. 
Sachs, Jack L. 
Sack, Don 
Sackett, DeForest 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Sadlek, Robert James 
Sagan, Bruce 
Sage, Andrew 
Sage, Miss Mary E. 



Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Saldivar, Dr. Ricardo E. 
Salins, Sidney 
Sallemi, James V. 
Salmon, Mrs. Charles S. 
Salomon, Kurt J. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salsman, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Saltzberg, Gerald B. 
Salzman, Charles N. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Sampson, William D. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Harold L. 
Samuels, Milton S. 
Samuelson, George 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sanders, Bejmain G. 
Sanders, Frank B. 
Sanders, Joseph H. 
Sanders, Robert L. 
Sandquist, Elroy C, Jr. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
San Filippo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard S. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Satter, Mark J. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Richard S. 
Savage, Mrs. Stanley 
Savin, V. R. 
Sawyer, Percy 
Sax, Leonard B. 
Saxner, Morris 
Say re, Dr. Loren D. 
Scala, Mrs. Florence 
Scalbom, O. Trumbull 
Scallon, John W. 
Scandiff, Jerry R. 
Scanlan, Joseph M. 
Scanlan, Thomas P. 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaden, Harry 
Schaden, Tobias 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schageman, R. V. 
Schaller, George J. 
Schallman, David A. 
Schallmoser, Joseph 
Schanfield, Leonard 
Scheele, A. 
Scheinfeld, Aaron 



Schelly, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Schelthoff , John W. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schiff, Max 
Schildt, Fred H. 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiller, Arthur J. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schimpf, Jack E. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlacks, Howard F. 
Schlessinger, Dr. Nathan 
Schlicht, B. J. 
Schloer, Harold J. 
Schloerb, Robert G. 
Schlossberg, John B. 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmehil, Dr. Edward J. 
Schmidt, Robert George 
Schmidt, Mrs. 
Siegfried G. 
Schmitt, Roland G. 
Schneider, Charles I. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoenhofen, Leo H. 
Schonthal, Joseph 
Schooler, Lee 
Schoonhoven, Ray J. 
Schorn, Arnold N. 
Schrade, L. H. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schreyer, Carl G. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schrom, Archie M. 
Schuck, E. H. 
Schulien, Charles 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, Eugene B., Jr. 
Schultz, Whitt N. 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schwartz, Ben E. 
Schwartz, Edward H. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwartz, Dr. Steven O. 
Schweers, Richard H. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, Walter B. 
Scott, Dr. Winfield W. 



166 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaholm, A. T. 
Searson, R. V. 
Seator, Douglas S. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Seeley, Robert M. 
Seelmayer, Miss Helen M. 
Segal, J. Herzl 
Segal, Max 
Segal, Myron M. 
Seib, John R. 
Seibert, William R. 
Seibold, Mrs. 

Arthur B., Jr. 
Seidel, Walter H. 
Seitz, Claude T. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sensenbrenner, 0. K. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Sevcik, John G. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Sexton, Thomas G. 
Seymour, Fletcher 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Dr. S. J. 
Shaffer, Harry G. 
Shalla, Dr. Leon S. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shantz, Marc A. 
Shapiro, Samuel B. 
Shaw, Lee C. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheehan, Thomas J. 
Sheen, Al B. 
Sheldon, Leo C. 
Shepard, Kenneth E. 
Shepard, L. L. 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, John H. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shilton, Earle A. 
Shine, Joseph J. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, Charles F., Jr. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 



Shuart, Karl P. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Shriver, Robert 

Sargent, Jr. 
Shropshire, R. C. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Siebert, C. Stuart, Jr. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Silverthorne, Mrs. 

George 
Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, Nicholas L. 
Simon, Mrs. Arnold B. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, George E. 
Simpson, Benjamin I. 
Simpson, John B. 
Sims, Edwin W., Jr. 
Singer, Leo 
Singer, Morris T. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sippel, Edward A. 
Sitron, Dr. Harold H. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivyer, Warner 
Skaff, Mrs. Ernest 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slasor, Floyd 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Smaha, O. 0. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles J. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, Bruce M. 
Smith, C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Curtis 
Smith, F. Gordon 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, H. William 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Miss Marie A. 
Smith, Mrs. Raymond F. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, Mrs. Solomon B. 
Smyth, David B. 
Snitoff , Howard J. 
Snodell, Walter S., Jr. 
Snyder, Bernard 
Snyder, Bernard A. 



Snyder, Franklin Bliss, Jr. 
Soanes, Dr. Sidney V. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Solomon, Ezra 
Somerville, Mrs. 

William 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Sonderby, Max E. 
Sonne, Fred T. 
Sonoda, Miss Louise 
Soper, Taylor G. 
Sorock, Herbert S. 
Sorrelle, E. Courtney 
Spangler, James C. 
Spanik, Miss Anne 
Spanjer, Henry J., Jr. 
Sparberg, Sidney J. 
Spark, David I. 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Specht, Mrs. F. W. 
Speigel, Dr. I. Joshua 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Humphrey Orr 
Spencer, Mrs. I. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert T. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spertus, Philip 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiehler, Adolph F. 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spitz, Lawrence S. 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spooner, William 
Spreyer, F. L. 
Sprtel, Dr. Simon L. 
Squire, D. 
Staat, Richard A. 
Staffeld, Byron C. 
Stafford, Charles M. 
Stafford, Richard W. 
Stafford, Dr. Wilma C. 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stahl, John 
Stahl, T. R. 
Stair, H. Bowen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. I. 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, John W. 
Stark, Ralph W. 
Starrett, Miss Carolyn J. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stauffacher, E. L. 
Stavenhagen, Fred A. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Steadry, Frederick O. 



167 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Steans, Dr. George L. 
Stearns, Walter 
Stebler, W. J. 
Steele, Mrs. Walter D. 
Stefany, Henry 
Steffen, Charles 
Steigmann, Dr. 

Frederick 
Stein, Mrs. Louise K. 
Stein, Melvyn E. 
Stein, Milton 
Steiner, Miss Joanne 
Steinmann, Mrs. F. H. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steitz, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Stekly, Harold 
Stenhouse, Miss 

Bessie C. 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stephens, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Stephens, Dr. Natalie 
Stephens, W. R., Jr. 
Sterling, James R. 
Stern, John W. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Lawrence F. 
Stern, Russell T. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Sternstein, Edward 
Stetson, William C. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, John Paul 
Stevenson, Mrs. Borden 
Stevenson, M. Bradley 
Stewart, Charles L., Jr. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stewart, Lynn 
St. George, George Q. M. 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiglitz, Reuben 
Stikkers, Alex 
Stind, C. J. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stitt, Robert B. 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Stoaks, Richard O. 
Stocker, Frederick B., Jr. 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stoffels, Edgar O. 
Stofft, Edmond B. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stokesberry, Paul W. 
Stolar, Burton I. 
Stoll, Mrs. John Otto 
Stollery, Mrs. Harry 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Elmer 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 



Stone, J. McWilliams 
Stone, Marvin N. 
Stonehouse, Elmer H. 
Stophlet, William G. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stover, Frank C. 
Strand, Clifford E. R. 
Strand jord, Dr. Nels M. 
Strathearn, Donald, Jr. 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Robert E. 
Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Streicher, I. H. 
Streitmann, Albert P. 
Stresen-Reuter, A. P. 
Stresenreuter, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Strojny, Eugene 
Stryck, Paul W. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stubenrauch, E. H. 
Stucker, Dr. Fred J. 
Stuckslager, Walter N. 
Study, Dr. Robert S. 
Stuebner, Edwin A. 
Sturm, Arthur 
Sullivan, Eugene T. 
Sullivan, Frank W. 
Sullivan, J. E. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Sundt, E. V. 
Sunter, William D. 
Sutter, William P. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svec, Anton E. 
Svensson, Olof 
Swan, Jack 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, Harry R. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Sweeney, David B. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Sweet, Lisle W. 
Swenson, R. E. 
Swett, Israel 
Swift, Phelps Hoyt 
Swift, T. Philip 
Swoiskin, Dr. Irving 
Symons, Walter A. 
Sywulka, Mrs. Paul 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Taaffe, C. R. 
Tabin, Mrs. Adrian 



Tabin, Mrs. Albert 
Tabin, Seymour 
Taft, Mrs. John Ailes 
Talbot, Mrs. C. Conover 
Talbot, Dr. Eugene S. 
Tallman, Philip 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tannenbaum, Saul 0. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taub, Charles 
Taussig, Mrs. J. Thomas 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, John R. 
Taylor, John W. 
Tecson, Joseph A. 
Tedrow, James W. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Teitel, Charles 
Teitelbaum, Joseph D. 
Telechansky, Morris S. 
Teller, Sidney A. 
Temple, Jack B. 
Temple, John 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Tesher, David 
Teter, Park 
Thai, Hugo J. 
Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thomas, G. Truman 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thomas, Norman L. 
Thomas, Parker W. 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thompson, Dr. W. V. 
Thon, Warren H. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Thullen, Henry M. 
Tice, Winfield 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Tillotson, J. W. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Todd, Mrs. E. L. 
Toggweiler, A. A. 
Tolpin, Dr. Samuel 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topolinski, J. J. 



168 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Torgerson, Ray G. 
Towns, R. E. 
Trace, Master David R. 
Trace, Master Edward R. 
Trace, Dr. Herbert D. 
Trace, Master Peter A. 
Tracy, George C. 
Tracy, Dr. Paul C. 
Tracy, T. J. 
Tracy, Wheeler 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Trager, D. C. 
Train, Jack D. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Trainor, Mrs. Minita 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Traver, George W. 
Traynor, William 
Treadway, C. L. 
Treadwell, George P. 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Tremper, Robert 
Trentlage, Richard B. 
Tresley, Dr. Ira J. 
Triggs, Warren 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trom, Jacob 
Tubutis, 

Walter Stanley, Jr. 
Turck, Miss Dorothy 
Turek, A. O. 
Turgrimson, Charles D. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Oliver S. 
Tyk, Warren G. 
Tyler, Mrs. Ivan L. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ulrich, Norman - 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Unger, Mrs. Dan 
Urann, E. B. 
Urbach, Mrs. H. H. 
Urban, Andrew 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Uretz, Sol 
Urnes, Dr. M. P. 
Ushijima, Mrs. Ruth 
Utz, Miss Martha 

Vacha, Dr. Victoria B. 
Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, Dr. Derrick T. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 



Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, 

Nicholas J. 
van der Meulen, John H. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Vanderwicken, Mrs. 

Edwin P. 
Van Deventer, 

William E. 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Etten, Floyd G. 
Van Gerpen, George 
Van Gorkom, Mrs. J. W. 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Kirk, Mrs. R. D. 
Van Meer, Robert A. 
Van Moss, J. H., Jr. 
Van Ness, A. L. 
Van Nice, Errett 
Van Stanten, James 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Van Swearingen, Guy H. 
Varley, John S. 
Vasalle, Master David 
Vasalle, Rudolph A. 
Vaughn, Wilbert T. 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Venerable, Mrs. James T. 
Venrick, Mrs. Charles F. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Ver Nooy, Miss Winifred 
Vernon, Leroy N. 
Vetter, Paul G. 
Veverka, Dr. Frank J. 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Vihon, Charles H. 
Vil, Dr. Charles S. 
Vilas, Mrs. Royal C. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vincenti, Anthony P. 
Vlcek, Dr. Anton J. 
Vogelback, Mrs. 

William E. 
Voigt, Mrs. Wilbur R. 
Voland, Richard E. 
Volkober, J. A. 
Vollmer, Karl F. 
Von Brauchitsch, 

Frederick C. 
Vondrasek, Earl A. 
Vonesh, Raymond J. 
Von Gehr, George 
Voosen, John C. 
Voris, Dr. Harold C. 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vratny, Thomas J. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 



Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachtel, Dr. Hans 
Wacker, Frederick G., Jr. 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, John A. 
Wagoner, William F. 
Waitkus, E. Algerd 
Wajoy, Dr. Rose Mary 
Wakefield, Dr. 

Ernest H. 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldner, Arthur L. 
Waldo, C. Ives, Jr. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred O. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Mrs. India A. 
Walker, Dr. Maggie L. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Ward 
Walker, Wendell 
Walker, Mrs. William 

Ernest 
Wall, Dr. Frank J. 
Wall, Dr. James M. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Percy H. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walling, Mrs. 

Willoughby G. 
Wallingford, Donald H. 
Wallis, Wayne 
Walters, Gary G. 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wang, Dr. S. Y. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Wanzer, H. Stanley 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Warde, Frederick A. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Ware, James R. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warman, Winfield C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warner, Peter B. 
Warshawsky, Roy I. 
Warton, Frank R. 
Warwick, O. H. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasick, Dr. Milan M. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterbury, Donald O. 
Waterfield, John R. 
Waterman, Mrs. Alex H. 



169 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Watkins, Dr. Richard W. 
Watling, John 
Watson, D. R. 
Watson, Norman E. 
Watt, Howard D. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Watts, G. W. 
Waud, Morrison 
Weatherby, George W. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Weaver, Robert P. 
Webb, Dr. A. C. 
Webb, Dr. J. Lewis 
Weber, James E. 
Weber, Miss Laura M. 
Weber, Paul W. 
Weber, Warren J. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, N. C. 
Weeks, Harrison S. 
Weeks, Kenneth L. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigen, Dr. Anders J. 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weil, David Maxwell 
Weiner, Aaron B. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, Morton 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weinstein, Harold 
Weintroub, Benjamin 
Weisdorf, Dr. William 
Weiser, Donald K. 
Weiss, Dr. Edward 
Weiss, Louis J. 
Weiss, Norman L. 
Weissman, Dr. Irving 
Wells, C. A. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wells, Sidney 
Welsh, Vernon M. 
Wendell, F. Lee H. 
Wendorf, Herman 
Wendt, Mrs. M. R. 
Wenger, R. L. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Wenzel, Alfred C. 
Werner, Miss 
Theresa M. 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wessel, Dean 
Wessling, Richard 
West, James D. 
West, Richard H. 
West, Thomas F., Jr. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westley, Richard O. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Weyforth, B. Stuart, Jr. 



Whall, Arthur L. 
Wheary, Warren 
Wheaton, David 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheeler, W. L. 
Whipple, Charles J. 
White, John G. 
White, Marshall 
White, Dr. Michael S. 
White, Mrs. Nelson C. 
White, Dr. Philip C. 
White, Philip M. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitney, Jack M., II 
Whittaker, Robert B. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. Lucille 
Wier, Grant H. 
Wiggins, Kenneth M. 
Wilbrandt, Robert A. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wilhelm, Eugene A. 
Wilkes, Mrs. R. M. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willens, Dr. Samuel D. 
Williams, Albert D. 
Williams, Albert W. 
Williams, Bennett 
Williams, Mrs. 

Ednyfed H. 
Williams, Dr. Jack 
Williams, Lynn A. 
Williams, Dr. O. B. 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, R. Arthur 
Williams, Robert J. 
Williams, Thomas L., Jr. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willmarth, John H. 
Willy, Dr. Ralph G. 
Wilsey, Dr. H. Lawrence 
Wilson, Allen 
Wilson, 

Christopher W., Jr. 
Wilson, David M. 
Wilson, Dr. Earle E. 
Wilson, E. W. 
Wilson, Harold E. 
Wilson, Robert H. 
Wilson, Mrs. Roger V. 
Wilson, Miss S. Edna 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 
Wing, Wallace E. 
Winkenweder, V. O. 
Winkler, Edward 
Winsberg, Herbert H. 



Winston, Farwell 
Winter, Mrs. Gibson 
Winter, Munroe A. 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wirth, J. W. 
Wise, John P. 
Wise, Richard H. 
Wise, Dr. Sidney S. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wishingrad, Dr. Lester 
Wishnick, Dr. 

Seymour D. 
Witherell, James 
Witkowski, Dr. Lucjan 
Witte, Lester 
Wittmann, Bernard H. 
Witty, Dr. Drake R. A. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. 

Emilia 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, Dr. Ernest S. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolfe, Hubert J. 
Wolfson, Marvin J. 
Wood, A. E. 
Wood, Alexander M. 
Wood, Arthur M. 
Wood, C. A. 
Wood, Harold F. 
Wood, Kenward T. 
Wood, Philip J. 
Wood, William A. 
Wood, Mrs. William J. 
Woodall, Lloyd 
Woods, Dr. A. W. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, George 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woollett, Mrs. Jean 
Woolpy, Max 
Workman, S. L. 
Works, Nelson C, Jr. 
Worth, Dr. Theodore 
Worthington, La Grange 
Worthy, James C. 
Wray, Franklin C. 
Wray, Glenn 
Wreath, Robert L. 
Wright, C. G. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 
Wright, George L. 
Wright, Miss 

Margaret J. 
Wrightson, William F. 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wybel, L. E. 



170 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 



Wyne, Walter 
Wynne, Mrs. Lloyd 

Yager, Richard Sidney 
Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, P. L. 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Ylvsaker, L. 
Yntema, Dr. Leonard F. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Yonkers, Edward H. 



Yost, Miss Karyl 
Young, C. S. 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, George B. 
Young, J. L. 
Young, Rollin R. 
Young, William T., Jr. 
Youngren, W. W. 
Yust, Walter 

Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zeitlin, Dr. N. S. 
Zeitlin, Samuel E. 
Zekman, Dr. Theodore N. 



Zelinsky, Mrs. S. F. 
Zeller, Charles B. 
Ziegler, Dr. George E. 
Zielinski, Dr. Victor J. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Herbert 
Zimmerman, Otto H. 
Zimmermann, Frank O. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitz, Martin 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zoll, William F. 
Zolton, Dr. Joseph 



Bard, Roy E. 
Beck, Miss Elsa C. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 

Cann, Isadore 
Clark, Miss Herma 

Diggs, Dr. N. Alfred 

Fasnacht, Rev. Walter L. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Frankenbush, O. E. 
Fuller, Norman S. 



DECEASED 1959 

Harza, Mrs. Leroy F. 

Jennings, Ralph C. 

Kane, Daniel Francis 
Knowlson, J. S. 

Latta, Dr. Philip R. 

Mall, Arthur W. 
McCarty, M. F. 
Melchior, Roy F. 
Mordock, Mrs. Charles T. 
Myers, Miss Etha C. 



Neff , Ward A. 

Rappold, Samuel R. 

Sayers, Leon D. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 

Varty, Leo G. 

Wenner, A. T. 

Zimmerman, Carl 
Ziv, Harry M. 



171 



Articles of Incorporation 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 

TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit : 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

172 



Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois "} 

> ss. 
Cook County ) 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. Mitchell, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 1 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY was changed to CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM. A 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



173 



Amended By-Laws 



DECEMBER 1958 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent serv- 
ice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 

174 



become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 
Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of note 
in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 

175 



of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capac- 
ity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their succes- 
sors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



ARTICLE V 

THE TREASURER 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the Corpo- 
ration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust and Savings Bank shall be custodian of "The 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural History Museum" 
fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants signed by such 
officer or officers or other persons as the Board of Trustees of the Museum may 
from time to time designate. 

176 



ARTICLE VI 

THE DIRECTOR 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

THE AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COMMITTEES 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of anyJCom- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

177 



Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 
purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



ARTICLE IX 

NOMINATING COMMITTEE 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

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CHICAGO 
NATURAL 
HISTORY 
MUSEUM